Akand, Murat; Erdogru, Tibet; Avci, Egemen; Ates, Mutlu
To compare operative, pathological, and functional results of transperitoneal and extraperitoneal robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy carried out by a single surgeon. After having experience with 32 transperitoneal laparoscopic radical prostatectomies, 317 extraperitoneal laparoscopic radical prostatectomies, 30 transperitoneal robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomies and 10 extraperitoneal robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomies, 120 patients with prostate cancer were enrolled in this prospective randomized study and underwent either transperitoneal or extraperitoneal robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. The main outcome parameters between the two study groups were compared. No significant difference was found for age, body mass index, preoperative prostate-specific antigen, clinical and pathological stage, Gleason score on biopsy and prostatectomy specimen, tumor volume, positive surgical margin, and lymph node status. Transperitoneal robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy had shorter trocar insertion time (16.0 vs 25.9 min for transperitoneal robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and extraperitoneal robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy, P robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy had shorter console time (101.5 vs 118.3 min, respectively, P robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy, without statistical significance (200.9 vs 193.2 min; 221.8 vs 213.3 min, respectively). Estimated blood loss was found to be lower for extraperitoneal robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (P = 0.001). Catheterization and hospitalization times were observed to be shorter in extraperitoneal robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (7.3 vs 5.8 days and 3.1 vs 2.3 days for transperitoneal robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and extraperitoneal robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy, respectively, P robot-assisted laparoscopic
Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: To review the current status of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP and robotic assisted radical prostatectomy (RALP in relation to radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP in the management of localized prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1982 and 2007 published literature was reviewed using the National Library of Medicine database and the following key words: retropubic, laparoscopic, robotic, robot-assisted, and radical prostatectomy. Special emphasis was given to the technical and cost considerations as well as operative, functional and oncologic outcomes. In particular, reports with pioneering work that have contributed to the evolution of the technique, presenting comparative outcomes and with large series encompassing intermediate/long term follow-up, were taken into account. RESULTS: After intermediate term follow-up, LRP and RALP achieved similar oncologic and functional results compared to RRP. However, LRP and RALP were associated with decreased blood loss, faster convalescence and better cosmetics when compared to RRP. The RALP technique is undoubtedly more expensive. CONCLUSIONS: The oncologic and functional outcomes for LRP and RALP are similar to RRP after intermediate term follow-up. Long term follow-up and adequately designed studies will determine the inherent advantages and disadvantages of the individual techniques in the management of localized prostate cancer.
Sunoo, Christian S; Aaberg, Randal A; Nakamura, Joyce K
Gynecologists have long used a vaginal incision for surgical treatment of pelvic pathology. More recently, however, laparoscopy has allowed gynecologists and other specialists to replace laparotomy with minimally invasive surgical techniques. The combination of laparoscopic and vaginal approaches has increased the surgical armamentarium of both the gynecologist and the urologist. A gynecologist found a renal cell carcinoma in a 52-year-old woman. The Urology and Gynecol-ogy Departments of the Kaiser Permanente (KP) Hawaii Region (KP Hawaii) planned a combined minimally invasive surgical procedure that became Hawaii's first reported retroperitoneal radical nephrectomy followed by laparoscopically assisted vaginal extraction of an intact kidney. Collaboration between laparoscopic surgeons in the Departments of Urology and Gynecology has allowed us to share surgical techniques and approaches to perform minimally invasive surgery instead of using more morbid large incisions of the abdomen or flank as required previously.
Hong Gee Sim
Conclusions: rLRP is feasible in a practice with a low volume of radical prostatectomies. Significant improvement in perioperative parameters occurs after the first eight cases. This technique confers the benefits of enhanced precision and dexterity for complex laparoscopic work in the pelvic cavity.
Yang, David Y; Monn, M Francesca; Bahler, Clinton D; Sundaram, Chandru P
While robotic assisted radical nephrectomy is safe with outcomes and complication rates comparable to those of the pure laparoscopic approach, there is little evidence of an economic or clinical benefit. From the 2009 to 2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample database we identified patients 18 years old or older who underwent radical nephrectomy for primary renal malignancy. Robotic assisted and laparoscopic techniques were noted. Patients treated with the open technique and those with evidence of metastatic disease were excluded from analysis. Descriptive statistics were performed using the chi-square and Mann-Whitney tests, and the Student t-test. Multiple linear regression was done to examine factors associated with increased hospital costs and charges. We identified 24,312 radical nephrectomy cases for study inclusion, of which 7,787 (32%) were performed robotically. There was no demographic difference between robotic assisted and pure laparoscopic radical nephrectomy cases. Median total charges were $47,036 vs $38,068 for robotic assisted vs laparoscopic surgery (p robotic assisted surgery were $15,149 compared to $11,735 for laparoscopic surgery (p robotic assistance conferred an estimated $4,565 and $11,267 increase in hospital costs and charges, respectively, when adjusted for adapted Charlson comorbidity index score, perioperative complications and length of stay (p Robotic assisted radical nephrectomy results in increased medical expense without improving patient morbidity. Assuming surgeon proficiency with pure laparoscopy, robotic technology should be reserved primarily for complex surgeries requiring reconstruction. Traditional laparoscopic techniques should continue to be used for routine radical nephrectomy. Copyright © 2014 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Bouchier-Hayes, D M
We examined the patient characteristics, operative proceedings and the outcomes of the initial series of 125 cases of robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALRP) in an independent hospital in Ireland, performed by two surgeons using the da Vinci(®) surgical system.
Turpen, Ryan; Atalah, Hany; Su, Li-Ming
Since it was introduced in 1999, the da Vinci Surgical System has become an integral tool in urologic surgery, specifically in the management of localized prostate cancer. The original technique of robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) was developed and standardized in 2000 at the Institut Mutualiste Monsouris. Since that time, the technique of RALP has undergone various modifications. The driving force behind the evolution of the RALP technique in the past decade has been based on efforts to improve upon the three main objectives of surgery, namely the ‘trifecta’ of cancer cure and the preservation of potency and of urinary continence. In this review, we aim to provide an update on the midterm oncologic outcomes of RALP and focus specifically on two technical modifications that have been introduced in an effort to optimize the outcomes of potency and earlier return of urinary continence. PMID:21789072
Eto, Masatoshi; Yokomizo, Akira; Koga, Hirofumi; Tsunoda, Toshiyuki; Kakeji, Yoshihiro; Hashizume, Makoto; Naito, Seiji
A 68-year-old man with prostate cancer, T1cN0M0, was treated with laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) assisted by the ZEUS robotic system. The ZEUS system was utilized only for vesico-urethral anastomosis, one of the most difficult procedures to perform during LRP. We could complete the vesico-urethral anastomosis using the ZEUS system for 100 min without any intraoperative complications. The urethral catheter was removed 7 days after operation. To our knowledge, this is the initial case of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy using the ZEUS system.
Omer A Raheem
Full Text Available Pelvic lymphocele is a potential complication of radical prostatectomy. Although lymphoceles often regress spontaneously, many may progress, precipitate clinical symptoms, and ultimately require intervention. To date, the best treatment of pelvic lymphoceles has not yet been fully defined. However, laparoscopic marsupialization is a definitive and efficacious surgical alternative to percutaneous drainage. It is effective, results in minimal patient morbidity, and allows for rapid recovery. We report our experience with management of clinically symptomatic pelvic lymphoceles following robotic-assisted prostatectomy using laparoscopic marsupialization.
Frederico R. Romero
Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To report our experience with laparoscopic-assisted nephroureterectomy for upper tract transitional cell carcinomas after radical cystectomy and urinary diversion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven patients (53-72 years-old underwent laparoscopic-assisted nephroureterectomy 10 to 53 months after radical cystectomy for transitional cell carcinoma at our institution. Surgical technique, operative results, tumor features, and outcomes of all patients were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Mean operative time was 305 minutes with a significant amount of time spent on the excision of the ureter from the urinary diversion. Estimate blood loss and length of hospital stay averaged 180 mL and 10.8 days, respectively. Intraoperative and postoperative complications occurred in two patients each. There was one conversion to open surgery. Pathology confirmed upper-tract transitional cell carcinoma in all cases. Metastatic disease occurred in two patients after a mean follow-up of 14.6 months. CONCLUSIONS: Nephrouretectomy following cystectomy is a complex procedure due to the altered anatomy and the presence of many adhesions. A laparoscopic-assisted approach can be performed safely in properly selected cases but does not yield the usual benefits seen with other laparoscopic renal procedures.
Song, Jun H.; Joshua R. Kaplan; Abbott, Daniel; Gewirtz, Eric; Hauck, Ellen; Eun, Daniel D.
Abstract Obturator nerve injury is a known injury after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) and patients often present with motor and sensory deficits in the immediate postoperative period. We describe a 65-year-old male who presented with motor deficits, indicative of obturator neurapraxia after RALP upon waking from anesthesia. Work-up revealed an expansile hematoma possibly compressing the obturator nerve. After evacuation of the hematoma, the patient had immediate imp...
Simon, Ross M; Howard, Lauren E; Moreira, Daniel M; Terris, Martha K; Kane, Christopher J; Aronson, William J; Amling, Christopher L; Cooperberg, Matthew R; Freedland, Stephen J
To better predict operative time using patient/surgical characteristics among men undergoing radical retropubic prostatectomy or robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy in order to achieve more efficient operative scheduling and potentially decrease costs in the Veterans Health System. We analyzed 2619 men treated with radical retropubic prostatectomy (n = 2005) or robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (n = 614) from 1993 to 2013 from six Veterans Affairs Hospitals in the Shared Equal Access Regional Cancer Hospital database. Age, body mass index, race, biopsy Gleason, prostate weight, undergoing a nerve-sparing procedure or lymph node dissection, and hospital surgical volume were analyzed in multivariable linear regression to identify predictors of operative time and to quantify the increase/decrease observed. In men undergoing radical retropubic prostatectomy, body mass index, black race, prostate weight and a lymph node dissection all predicted longer operative times (all P ≤ 0.004). In men undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy, biopsy Gleason score and a lymph node dissection were associated with increased operative time (P ≤ 0.048). In both surgical methods, a lymph node dissection added 25-40 min to the operation. Also, in both, each additional operation per year per center predicted a 0.80-0.89-min decrease in operative time (P ≤ 0.001). Overall, several factors seem to be associated with quantifiable changes in operative time. If confirmed in future studies, these findings can allow for a more precise estimate of operative time, which could decrease the overall cost to the patient and hospital by aiding in operating room time management. © 2017 The Japanese Urological Association.
Song, Jun H.; Abbott, Daniel; Gewirtz, Eric; Hauck, Ellen; Eun, Daniel D.
Abstract Obturator nerve injury is a known injury after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) and patients often present with motor and sensory deficits in the immediate postoperative period. We describe a 65-year-old male who presented with motor deficits, indicative of obturator neurapraxia after RALP upon waking from anesthesia. Work-up revealed an expansile hematoma possibly compressing the obturator nerve. After evacuation of the hematoma, the patient had immediate improvement of his neurologic deficits. Our patient's clinical vignette illustrates the importance of considering postsurgical hematoma in the differential diagnosis when patients present with signs and symptoms of obturator neurapraxia after RALP. PMID:27579444
Chen, Jian-xin; Huang, Chang-ming; Zheng, Chao-hui; Li, Ping; Xie, Jian-wei; Wang, Jia-bin; Lin, Jian-xian
To study the impact of obesity on the short-term outcomes after laparoscopic-assisted radical gastrectomy. A total of 531 gastric cancer patients underwent radical resection at the Fujian Medical University Union Hospital between May 2007 and June 2010. There were 83 patients with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2) (obese group) and 448 patients with BMIobese group). Intraoperative and postoperative parameters, and short-term survival rates between the two groups were compared. There was no significant difference between obese and non-obese patients in terms of conversion rate (2.4% vs. 1.8%, P>0.05). The operative time in obese group was (224.7 ± 57.3) min, which was significantly longer than that in non-obese group [(210.0 ± 57.9) min, Pobese and non-obese groups in terms of blood loss, blood transfusion rate, elevated leukocyte and granulocyte count on the first postoperative day, time to temperature recovery, first flatus, and postoperative hospital stays(P>0.05). The mean number of retrieved lymph nodes in obese group was (24.8 ± 8.4), and was significantly less than that of non-obese group[(29.9 ± 10.2), Pobese and non-obese groups in postoperative complication rate (16.8% vs. 10.2%, P>0.05), postoperative mortality(1.2% vs. 0.4%, P>0.05), and 3-year overall survival (68.8% vs. 74.0%, P>0.05). Obesity is associated with prolonged operative time for laparoscopic radical gastrectomy. However, the short-term outcomes after the laparoscopic radical gastrectomy is not influenced by obesity.
Lester S. Borden Jr.
Full Text Available Robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RLRP has become an accepted treatment option for men with prostate cancer. A search of the available literature through January 2006 was performed to analyze the surgical technique, outcomes data, and other unique issues regarding RLRP. While prospective, randomized trials and long-term data are lacking, short-term data from single institution series have demonstrated outcomes for RLRP that appear to be equivalent to those for open radical prostatectomy (ORP. Although not yet proven, some encouraging data suggest that RLRP may be able to achieve improved cancer control, postoperative urinary control, and erectile function compared to open surgery for prostate cancer. Definite advantages of RLRP over ORP are not yet established. Future studies will determine the role of RLRP in the surgical treatment of men with prostate cancer.
Hong, J Y; Kim, J Y; Choi, Y D; Rha, K H; Yoon, S J; Kil, H K
Robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALRP) is gaining popularity as a less traumatic and minimally invasive alternative to open radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and grade of venous gas embolism (VGE) during RALRP compared with those during RRP using transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE). Fifty-two patients undergoing RRP (n=26) or RALRP (n=26) were consecutively enrolled. TOE was continuously applied during surgery and VGE was graded by an independent researcher. The total incidence of VGE (proportion, 95% CI) in the RRP group was higher than that in the RALRP group [20/25 (0.80, 0.60-0.92) and 10/26 (0.38, 0.22-0.58), respectively]. Most VGE in the RALRP group occurred during the transection of the deep dorsal venous complex. There was no difference in the incidence of severe VGE between the two groups. No patients with cardiorespiratory instabilities even with severe VGE were observed in this study. In contrast to general belief, VGE occurred less frequently during RALRP. Although the VGE in this study did not cause any cardiorespiratory instability, close monitoring for possibly fatal VGE must be considered during both types of radical prostatectomy because those who undergo radical prostatectomy frequently have cardiopulmonary co-morbidities.
Lestar, Melinda; Gunnarsson, Lars; Lagerstrand, Lars; Wiklund, Peter; Odeberg-Wernerman, Suzanne
Robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy has gained widespread use. However, circulatory effects in patients subjected to an extreme Trendelenburg position (45°) are not well characterized. We studied 16 patients (ASA physical status I-II) with a mean age of 59 years scheduled for robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (45° head-down tilt, with an intraabdominal pressure of 11-12 mm Hg). Hemodynamics, echocardiography, gas exchange, and ventilation-perfusion distribution were investigated before and during pneumoperitoneum, in the Trendelenburg position and, in 8 of the patients, also after the conclusion of surgery. In the 45° Trendelenburg position, central venous pressure increased almost 3-fold compared with the initial value, with an associated 2-fold increase in mean pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (P<0.01). Mean arterial blood pressure increased by 35%. Heart rate, stroke volume, cardiac output, and mixed venous oxygen saturation were unaffected during surgery, as were echocardiographic heart dimensions. After induction of anesthesia, isovolumic relaxation time was prolonged, with no further change during the study. Deceleration time was normal and stable. In the horizontal position after pneumoperitoneum exsufflation, filling pressures and mean arterial blood pressure returned to baseline levels. Pneumoperitoneum reduced lung compliance by 40% (P<0.01). Addition of the Trendelenburg position caused a further decrease (P<0.05). Arterial blood acid-base balance was normal. End-tidal carbon dioxide tension increased whereas arterial carbon dioxide was unaffected with unchanged ventilation settings. Pneumoperitoneum increased PaO2 (P<0.05). Ventilation-perfusion distribution, shunt, and dead space were unaltered during the study. Pneumoperitoneum and 45° Trendelenburg position caused 2- to 3-fold increases in filling pressures, without effects on cardiac performance. Filling pressures were normalized
Full Text Available Millions of men are diagnosed annually with prostate cancer worldwide. With the advent of PSA screening, there has been a shift in the detection of early prostate cancer, and there are increased numbers of men with asymptomatic, organ confined disease. Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is the latest, well accepted treatment that patients can select. We review the surgical technique, and oncologic and functional outcomes of the most current, large series of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy published in English. Positive margin rates range from 2.1-6.9% for pT2a, 9.9-20.6% for pT2b, 24.5-42.3% for pT3a, and 22.6-54.5% for pT3b. Potency rates after bilateral nerve sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy range from 47.1 to 67%. Continence rates at 12 months range from 83.6 to 92%.
Seveso, M; Melegari, S; Bozzini, G; De Francesco, O; Mandressi, A; Taverna, G
Robot assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) spread in the last decade as a minimally invasive alternative to open radical prostatectomy for men with localized prostate cancer. It is associated with excellent surgical, functional and oncological results with less postoperative pain and shorter convalescence. Anyway, the development of an incisional hernia (IH), may negate known benefits as it can lead not only to bothersome symptoms but also to severe complications, such as bowel obstruction, strangulation and perforation. Port-site or extraction site hernias, whose incidence rate is underdiagnosed, have become more commonly after minimally invasive surgery; but IH rate after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy has not been well characterized. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of extraction-site location (vertical supra-umbilical incision versus an off-midline incision) on incisional hernia rates in robotic prostatectomy. We included in the study 800 patients undergone RALP, 400 with a supra-umbilical incision for specimen extraction and 400 with off-midline incision. All were followed up for at least 3 years. The main study end point was IH occurrence at the extraction site (midline versus off-midline). IH rate for the entire series was 4.75%, in particular 5% for the midline group and 4.5% for the off-midline group. The hernias were diagnosed at a mean of 20.2 and 18.2 months after surgery, respectively in the two groups. There was no statistically significant differences in baseline characteristics; anyway larger prostate weight, wound infection and history of prior cholecystectomy were associated with higher proportion of IH. Extraction site hernias are a rare but a potentially serious complication following RALP. In our series, the midline extraction doesn't result in a significantly higher IH rate in comparison with the off-midline extraction site. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Kwon, Se Yun; Lee, Jun Nyung; Kim, Hyun Tae; Kim, Tae-Hwan; Kim, Bup Wan; Choi, Gyu-Seog; Kwon, Tae Gyun
Urinary incontinence has a significant impact on the quality of life after radical prostatectomy. This study aimed to determine whether preserving the endopelvic fascia influences subsequent urinary incontinence. Consecutive patients (n = 138) who underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) for prostate cancer between October 2010 and June 2012 with a minimum of 1 year follow-up were retrospectively analysed. The subjects were divided into two groups: the non-preserved endopelvic fascia group (nPE group) and the preserved endopelvic fascia group (PE group). Continence was defined as not using any pads and having no urine leakages. Continence rates at set time-points after RALP were compared using the chi-squared test. Continence recovery rates were analysed with the Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test. Prognostic factors of incontinence were identified using the Cox proportional hazards model. The age, body mass index, preoperative prostate-specific antigen levels, prostate volume, estimated blood loss, mean operative time, Gleason score and pathological stage were not significantly different between the two study groups. The continence rate of the nPE group and PE group was 88.4% and 97.1%, respectively, at 12 months after surgery (p = 0.049), which was also significant according to the Kaplan-Meier analysis (p incontinence (p = 0.002, hazard ratio = 1.867) according to the multivariate analysis. Endopelvic fascia preservation during RALP significantly enhances postoperative continence and is related to the speed of recovery of continence.
Rendón, Gabriel J; Ramirez, Pedro T; Frumovitz, Michael; Schmeler, Kathleen M; Pareja, Rene
The standard treatment for patients with early-stage cervical cancer has been radical hysterectomy. However, for women interested in future fertility, radical trachelectomy is now considered a safe and feasible option. The use of minimally invasive surgical techniques to perform this procedure has recently been reported. We report the first case of a laparoscopic radical trachelectomy performed in a developing country. The patient is a nulligravid, 30-y-old female with stage IB1 adenocarcinoma of the cervix who desired future fertility. She underwent a laparoscopic radical trachelectomy and bilateral pelvic lymph node dissection. The operative time was 340 min, and the estimated blood loss was 100mL. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. The final pathology showed no evidence of residual disease, and all pelvic lymph nodes were negative. At 20 mo of follow-up, the patient is having regular menses but has not yet attempted to become pregnant. There is no evidence of recurrence. Laparoscopic radical trachelectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy in a young woman who desires future fertility may also be an alternative technique in the treatment of early cervical cancer in developing countries.
Full Text Available Kyoichi Mizumoto,1 Masahiko Gosho,2 Masayoshi Iwaki,1 Masahiro Zako3 1Department of Ophthalmology, Aichi Medical University, Nagakute, Aichi, Japan; 2Department of Clinical Trial and Clinical Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan; 3Department of Ophthalmology, Asai Hospital, Seto, Aichi, Japan Purpose: Intraocular pressure (IOP increases in patients in a steep Trendelenburg position during robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP. We hypothesized that a steep Trendelenburg position during RALP, an unusual systemic condition involving a transiently increased IOP, may induce ocular pathology that can be detected by detailed evaluations long after the surgery. This study aims to explore ocular structural and functional parameters in patients before and in the long term after the surgery. Patients and methods: A comparative observational study was performed. A total of 44 eyes of 22 male patients scheduled for RALP at Aichi Medical University from August 2012 to July 2013 were included. Clinical parameters before and after RALP were compared. Perioperative IOP was measured immediately post-induction of anesthesia in the flat supine position (T1, immediately post-steep Trendelenburg position (T2, and prior to returning to a flat supine position while in a steep Trendelenburg position (T3. The thicknesses of the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer, ganglion cell complex (GCC, and central fovea were measured with spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Humphrey perimetry was performed before and at 3 and 6 months after surgery. Results: The average IOPs (mmHg at each stage were T1=10.4, T2=21.7, and T3=29.6, and differed significantly. The mean visual acuity (logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution, IOP, mean deviation, and pattern standard deviation measured by the Humphrey field analyzer showed no statistically significant difference before and after surgery. The ganglion
Garrett S. Matsunaga
Full Text Available The da Vinci surgical robot has been shown to help shorten the learning curve for laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP for both laparoscopically skilled and na surgeons[1,2]. This approach has shown equal or superior outcomes to conventional laparoscopic prostatectomy with regard to ease of learning, initial complication rates, conversion to open, blood loss, complications, continence, potency, and margin rates. Although the data are immature to compare oncologic and functional outcomes to open prostatectomy, preliminary data are promising.Herein, we review the technique and outcomes of robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP.
Nason, G J; O'Kelly, F; White, S; Dunne, E; Smyth, G P; Power, R E
Radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer is associated with significant complications, such as urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction. Debate remains regarding the influence of surgical technique on these important functional outcomes. The aim of this study was to compare the early functional outcomes following robotic-assisted (RARP), laparoscopic (LRP), and open radical prostatectomy (ORP) in a rapid access cohort. A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database was performed between 2011 and 2014. Functional status was objectively assessed using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5), and a self-reported continence score. Two hundred and ninety-two patients underwent RP (85 RARP, 100 LRP, 107 ORP). The mean age was 61.3 years with a mean initial PSA was 6.2 ng/ml. There was no difference noted in urinary function between ORP, LRP, and RARP at 3 months (p = 0.894), 6 months (p = 0.244), 9 months (p = 0.068) or 12 months (p = 0.154). All men noted a deterioration in erectile function; however, there was no difference at 3 months (p = 0.922), 6 months (p = 0.723), 9 months (p = 0.101) or 12 months (p = 0.395), CONCLUSION: Equivalent good early functional outcomes are being achieved in patients undergoing RP irrespective of surgical approach. Longer follow-up in a prospective randomized fashion is required to fully assess the most appropriate surgical technique.
Mizumoto, Kyoichi; Gosho, Masahiko; Iwaki, Masayoshi; Zako, Masahiro
Purpose Intraocular pressure (IOP) increases in patients in a steep Trendelenburg position during robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP). We hypothesized that a steep Trendelenburg position during RALP, an unusual systemic condition involving a transiently increased IOP, may induce ocular pathology that can be detected by detailed evaluations long after the surgery. This study aims to explore ocular structural and functional parameters in patients before and in the long term after the surgery. Patients and methods A comparative observational study was performed. A total of 44 eyes of 22 male patients scheduled for RALP at Aichi Medical University from August 2012 to July 2013 were included. Clinical parameters before and after RALP were compared. Perioperative IOP was measured immediately post-induction of anesthesia in the flat supine position (T1), immediately post-steep Trendelenburg position (T2), and prior to returning to a flat supine position while in a steep Trendelenburg position (T3). The thicknesses of the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer, ganglion cell complex (GCC), and central fovea were measured with spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Humphrey perimetry was performed before and at 3 and 6 months after surgery. Results The average IOPs (mmHg) at each stage were T1=10.4, T2=21.7, and T3=29.6, and differed significantly. The mean visual acuity (logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution), IOP, mean deviation, and pattern standard deviation measured by the Humphrey field analyzer showed no statistically significant difference before and after surgery. The ganglion cell complex and retinal nerve fiber layer thicknesses measured at each location and the central fovea thicknesses measured before and after surgery did not differ significantly. Conclusion No significant disorders in ocular structural and functional parameters were found until long after RALP. PMID:28979094
Yu, Young Dong; Lee, Minseung; Hong, Sung Kyu; Byun, Seok-Soo; Lee, Sang Eun; Lee, Sangchul
To evaluate the effects of prostatic apex shape variations on positive apical margin (PAM) rate after radical prostatectomy (RP) by undertaking a comparative study of robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) vs open radical prostatectomy (ORP). A total of 3324 cases of RP (1004 ORP and 2320 RALP) from January 2004 to March 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. All patients underwent preoperative MRI and the cohorts were stratified into four categories according to prostatic apical shape at the midsagittal plane. Between ORP and RALP groups, age, body mass index, preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA), biopsy and pathological Gleason score (GS), clinical and pathological stage, and prostatic apex shapes were compared. Logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate significant predictors of PAM. Propensity adjustments were undertaken before statistical analysis to minimize the lack of randomization. ORP and RALP groups showed no significant differences in age, body mass index, PSA, biopsy and pathological GS, clinical and pathological stage, as well as prostatic apical shape variations. The ORP group showed a PAM of 17.5% that was significantly higher than 12.3% of the RALP group (p < 0.001). Both groups showed the highest PAM with apical type 3, which is the apex covering the posterior aspect of membranous urethra (ORP 33.9%, RALP 28.5%). In unadjusted data, multiple logistic regression analysis showed that prostate apical type 3 was a significant independent predictor of PAM, but other apex types were not. Prostate apical type 3 was a significant independent predictor of PAM. The RALP group showed better outcomes in terms of PAM compared with the ORP group. Preoperative MRI might be a potentially useful tool for preoperative designing of the surgical modalities.
Full Text Available Oscar Schatloff1, Alyssa S Louis2, Uri Lindner21Global Robotics Institute, Florida Hospital Celebration Health, Celebration, FL, USA; 2Division of Urology, Department of Surgical Oncology, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, CanadaAbstract: Prostate cancer remains a common but highly treatable disease. Innovations in prostate cancer treatment have allowed a transition toward minimally invasive approaches in an attempt to avoid treatment-related morbidities. In the middle of the treatment spectrum between radical open surgeries and active surveillance lies robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP and focal therapy (FT. This review sets out the most current information on RALP and FT (including laser ablation, cryotherapy, high-intensity focused ultrasound, photodynamic therapy, and irreversible electroporation.Keywords: PCa, RALP, FT, laser ablation, cryotherapy, high-intensity focused ultrasound, photodynamic therapy, irreversible electroporation
Chen, C H; Wang, P H; Chiu, L H; Chang, W H
The authors sought to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of using the thermal welding technique with thermal ligating shear (TWT-TLS)-assisted laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH) and systemic pelvic lymphadenectomy (SPL) in the management of Stage IB1 squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix. The authors compared operating time, blood loss, and other intra- and postoperative parameters and outcomes in 53 patients between May 2003 and April 2007. Twenty-three patients were treated with TWT-TLS-assisted LRH and SPL (TWT-TLS group) and 30 patients with abdominal radical hysterectomy (ARH) and SPL (ARH group). The surgical time of the TWT-TLS group was significantly shorter than that of the ARH group (221.4 vs 264.6 min, p TWT-TLS group was less than that of the ARH group (195.7 vs 1,214.7 ml, p TWT-TLS group compared with the ARH group (1.4 vs 3.5 days for full diet, p TWT-TLS is a safe and efficient method for laparoscopic RH and SPL with reduction of morbidity for early-stage cervical cancer. A further study is needed to confirm the above observation.
Uwaydah, Nabeel I; Jones, Alex; Elkaissi, Mahmoud; Yu, Zhongxin; Palmer, Blake W
Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common extra-cranial solid tumor in children and the most common malignancy in infants, with complete resection being curative in low-stage disease. The previous standard of treatment for many abdominal NBs involving the adrenal gland had been open surgery; however, there have been numerous descriptions of the safety and feasibility of a laparoscopic approach to resect adrenal masses in the pediatric population in benign and malignant disease, including improved cosmetic results, decreased length of stay, decreased surgical morbidity, and comparable oncological outcomes to open surgery. Despite these reported advantages over open surgery, the newer robot-assisted laparoscopy (RAL) offers benefits over the conventional laparoscopic approach that could further improve outcomes and expand the use of minimally invasive surgical approaches for pediatric adrenal masses. RAL offers many additional advantages over conventional laparoscopy, such as 3D visualization, increased range of motion of surgical instruments, tremor control, and a shorter learning curve compared with traditional laparoscopic surgery, while still maintaining the advantages of minimally invasive surgery. The body of literature concerning robot-assisted oncological surgery involving the adrenal gland in children is quite small, and to our knowledge no case reports have been published describing robot-assisted removal of an adrenal NB in a pediatric patient. We present our experience and technique of an RAL approach for lymph-node dissection and radical resection of a low-stage NB involving the adrenal gland with no image-defined risk factors in a 15-month-old infant.
Ratchanon, Supoj; Apiwattanasawee, Polporn; Prasopsanti, Kriangsak
Robotic machines are being used with increasing frequency in the treatment of clinically localized prostate cancer in Thailand. While robotics may offer some advantages, it remains unclear whether potential benefits offset higher costs. The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare cost utility between standard and robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy from a health system perspective. The authors created a care pathway and a model to facilitate a comprehensive cost utility analysis. All variables used in our model were derived from our review of the literature, exceptfor cost, utility for erectile dysfunction, and utility for urinary incontinence, which were derived from Chulalongkorn Hospital patient records. All costs described in this report are denominated in Thai baht, with a 2012 currency value. A positive margin was used to simulate the model. Sensitivity analysis was performed to estimate the robustness of the outcome. Thailand utility values for erectile dysfunction and urinary incontinence were 0.86 and 0.81, respectively. The cost of robotic laparoscopy was, on average, 120,359 baht (95% CI, 89,368-151,350 baht) higher than standard laparoscopy and was more effective with a mean gain of 0.05 quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) (95% CI, 0.03-0.08) for the 100 procedures performed each year. The incremental cost effectiveness (ICER) ratio was 2,407,180 baht per QALYs, with a very low probability that robotic prostatectomy would be cost effective at the Thai-willingness-to pay (WTP) threshold of 160,000 baht/ QALY. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy is not more cost effective than standard laparoscopic prostatectomy for the 100 cases performed each year. An increase in the number of cases may result in better economies of scale and a lower ICER, an outcome that may increase the overall value and cost effectiveness of an investment in this technology.
P N Dogra
Full Text Available Objective: To analyze the perioperative outcome of the first 190 cases of robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy performed at our center from July 2006 to December 2010. Materials and Methods: Operative and recovery data for men with localized prostate cancer undergoing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy at our center were reviewed. All surgeries were performed using the 4-arm da Vinci-S surgical robot. Preoperative data included age, body mass index (BMI, prostate specific antigen (PSA level, prostate weight, biopsy Gleason score and TNM staging, while operative and recovery data included total operative time, estimated blood loss, complications, hospital stay and catheter time. These parameters were evaluated for the safety and efficacy of this procedure in our center. Results: The mean age of our patients was 65 ± 1.2 years. The mean BMI was 25.20 ± 2.88 and the median PSA was 14.8 ng/ml. Majority of our patients belonged to clinical stage T2 (51.58%. The mean total operative time was 166.44 ± 11.5 min. Six patients required conversion to open procedure and there was one rectal injury. The median estimated blood loss was 302 ± 14.45 ml and the median duration of hospital stay was 4 days. The overall margin positivity rate was 12.63%. Conclusion: Despite our limited robotic surgery experience, our perioperative outcome and complication rate is comparable to most contemporary series. Robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP is easy to learn and provides the patient with the benefits of minimally invasive surgery with minimal perioperative morbidity.
Canda, Abdullah Erdem; Asil, Erem; Balbay, Mevlana Derya
A case of moving ileal Taenia saginata parasites is presented with demonstrative images. We came across the parasites surprisingly while performing robot-assisted laparoscopic radical cystoprostatectomy with intracorporeal Studer pouch urinary diversion. We recommend stool sample evaluation in the preoperative period for possible presence of intestinal parasitic diseases, particularly in patients with bladder cancer who are admitted from areas with an increased incidence of intestinal parasitic diseases, before opening the bowel segments during surgery to perform radical cystectomy and urinary diversion.
Full Text Available Objective. We sought to compare positive surgical margin rates (PSM, estimated blood loss (EBL, and quality of life outcomes (QOL among perineal (RPP, retropubic (RRP, and robot-assisted laparoscopic (RALP prostatectomies. Methods. Records from 463 consecutive men undergoing RPP (92, RRP (180, or RALP (191 for clinically localized prostate cancer were retrospectively reviewed. Age, percent tumor volume, Gleason score, stage, EBL, PSM, and QOL using the expanded prostate cancer index composite (EPIC were compared. Results. PSM were similar when adjusted for stage, grade, and volume. EBL was significantly less in the RALP (189 ml group compared to both RPP (475 ml and RRP (999 ml groups. When corrected for nerve sparing, there were no differences in erectile function and sexual function amongst the three groups. Urinary summary and pad usage scores showed no significant differences. Conclusion. RPP, RRP, and RALP offer similar surgical and QOL outcomes. RALP and RPP demonstrate less EBL compared to RRP.
George Augusto Monteiro Lins de Albuquerque
Full Text Available ABSTRACT Introduction Robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RAP is the dominant minimally invasive surgical treatment for patients with localized prostate cancer. The introduction of robotic assistance has the potential to improve surgical outcomes and reduce the steep learning curve associated with conventional laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. The purpose of this video is to demonstrate the early retrograde release of the neurovascular bundle without open the endopelvic fascia during RAP. Materials and Methods A 51-year old male, presenting histological diagnosis of prostate adenocarcinoma, Gleason 6 (3+3, in 4 cores of 12, with an initial PSA=3.41ng/dl and the digital rectal examination demonstrating a prostate with hardened nodule in the right lobe of the prostate base (clinical stage T2a. Surgical treatment with the robot-assisted technique was offered as initial therapeutic option and the critical technical point was the early retrograde release of the neurovascular bundle with endopelvic fascia preservation, during radical prostatectomy. Results The operative time was of 89 minutes, blood loss was 100ml. No drain was left in the peritoneal cavity. The patient was discharged within 24 hours. There were no intraoperative or immediate postoperative complications. The pathological evaluation revealed prostate adenocarcinoma, Gleason 6, with free surgical margins and seminal vesicles free of neoplastic involvement (pathologic stage T2a. At 3-month-follow-up, the patient lies with undetectable PSA, continent and potent. Conclusion This is a feasible technique combining the benefits of retrograde release of the neurovascular bundle, the preservation of the pubo-prostatic collar and the preservation of the antero-lateral cavernous nerves.
Canda, Abdullah Erdem; Dogan, Bayram; Atmaca, Ali Fuat; Akbulut, Ziya; Balbay, Mevlana Derya
Ureteric duplication is a rarely seen malformation of the urinary tract more commonly seen in females. We report 2 cases of robot-assisted laparoscopic radical cystoprostatectomy (RALRCP) with bilateral extended pelvic lymph node dissection and intracorporeal Studer pouch formation in patients with duplicated right ureters. Two male patients (53 and 68 years old) underwent transurethral resection of a bladder tumor that revealed high-grade muscle invasive transitional cell carcinoma, with no metastases. We performed RALRCP and intracorporeal Studer pouch formation. A duplicated right ureter was observed during the procedures in both patients. Left ureter distal segment was spatulated 2cm long and anastomosed using running 4/0 Vicryl to the right ureter at its bifurcation where it forms a single lumen without spatulation. All 3 ureters were catheterized individually. A Wallace type uretero-ileal anastomosis was performed between the ureters and the proximal part of the Studer pouch chimney. Although ureteric frozen section analysis suggested ureteric carcinoma in situ in patient 1, postoperative pathologic evaluation was normal. Frozen section and final postoperative pathologic evaluations were normal in patient 2. Duplicated ureters might be underdiagnosed on CT. The presence of a duplicated ureter is not a contraindication to RALRCP and intracorporeal Studer pouch formation. The da Vinci-S surgical robot is very safe for performing this complicated procedure. Frozen section analysis of ureters during radical cystectomy for bladder cancer might not reliably diagnose the pathologic condition and might overestimate the disease in the ureters.
Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: We offer an overview of the intra-, peri- and postoperative outcomes of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP with the endpoint to evaluate potential advantages of this approach. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted an extensive Medline literature search (search terms “laparoscopic radical prostatectomy” and “radical prostatectomy” from 1990 until 2007. Only full-length English language articles identified during this search were considered for this analysis. A preference was given to the articles with large series with more than 100 patients. All pertinent articles concerning localized prostate cancer were reviewed. CONCLUSION:Pure LRP has shown to be feasible and reproducible but it is difficult to learn. Potential advantages over open surgery have to be confirmed by longer-term follow-up and adequately designed clinical studies.
Full Text Available PURPOSE: V-LocTM180 (Covidien Healthcare, Mansfield, MA is a new unidirectional barbed suture that may reduce loss of tension during a running closure. We evaluated the use of the barbed suture for urethrovesical anastomosis (UVA during robotic assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP. Time to completion of UVA, post-operative anastomotic leak rate, and urinary incontinence were compared in patients undergoing UVA with 3-0 unidirectional-barbed suture vs. 3-0 MonocrylTM (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were prospectively collected for 70 consecutive patients undergoing RALP for prostate cancer between November 2009 and October 2010. In the first 35 patients, the UVA was performed using a modified running van Velthoven anastomosis technique using two separate 3-0 monofilament sutures. In the subsequent 35 patients, the UVA was performed using two running novel unidirectional barbed sutures. At 7-12 days postoperatively, all patients were evaluated with a cystogram to determine anastomotic integrity. Urinary incontinence was assessed at two months and five months by total daily pad usage. Clinical symptoms suggestive of bladder neck contracture were elicited. RESULTS: Age, PSA, Gleason score, prostate size, estimated blood loss, body mass index, and clinical and pathologic stage between the 2 groups were similar. Comparing the monofilament group and V-LocTM180 cohorts, average time to complete the anastomosis was similar (27.4 vs. 26.4 minutes, p = 0.73 as was the rate of urinary extravasation on cystogram (5.7 % vs. 8.6%, p = 0.65. There were no symptomatic bladder neck contractures noted at 5 months of follow-up. At 2 months, the percentage of patients using 2 or more pads per day was lower in the V-LocTM180 cohort (24% vs. 44%, p < 0.02. At 5 months, this difference was no longer evident. CONCLUSIONS: Time to complete the UVA was similar in the intervention and control groups. Rates of urine leak were also comparable
Bemelman, W. A.; de Wit, L. T.; Busch, O. R.; Gouma, D. J.
Laparoscopic splenectomy is performed routinely in patients with small and moderately enlarged spleens at specialized centers. Large spleens are difficult to handle laparoscopically and hand-assisted laparoscopic splenectomy might facilitate the procedure through enhanced vascular control, easier
Gruen, Arne; Musik, Thabea; Stromberger, Carmen; Budach, Volker; Marnitz, Simone [Charite Univ. Medicine Berlin, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Berlin (Germany). Dept. of Radiooncology; Koehler, Christhardt; Schneider, Achim [Charite Univ. Medicine Berlin, Campus Mitte- und Benjamim Franklin, Berlin (Germany). Dept. of Gynaecology; Fueller, Juergen; Wendt, Thomas [Jena Univ. Hospital (Germany). Dept. of Radiooncology
Compared to laparotomic surgery, laparoscopically assisted radical vaginal hysterectomy (LARVH) offers decreased blood loss during surgery and faster convalescence of the patient postoperatively, while at the same time delivering similar oncologic results. However, there is no data on outcome and toxicity of LARVH followed by (chemo)radiation. A total of 55 patients (range 28-78 years) with cervical cancer on FIGO stages IB1-IIIA (Tables 1 and 2) with risk factors were submitted to either external beam radiotherapy alone [EBRT, n = 8 (14%), including paraaortic irradiation, n = 4 (2.2%); EBRT and brachytherapy (BT), n = 33 (60%); BT alone, n = 14 (25.5%)] or chemoradiation after LARVH. At a median follow-up of 4.4 years, the 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) was 81.8% with 84.5% overall survival (OS). Acute grade 3 side effects were seen in 4 patients. These were mainly gastrointestinal (GI) and genitourinary (GU) symptoms. Grade 4 side effects were not observed. With similar oncologic outcome data and mostly mild side effects, LARVH followed by (chemo)radiation is a valid alternative in the treatment of cervical cancer patients. (orig.)
Gruen, Arne; Musik, Thabea; Köhler, Christhardt; Füller, Jürgen; Wendt, Thomas; Stromberger, Carmen; Budach, Volker; Schneider, Achim; Marnitz, Simone
Compared to laparotomic surgery, laparoscopically assisted radical vaginal hysterectomy (LARVH) offers decreased blood loss during surgery and faster convalescence of the patient postoperatively, while at the same time delivering similar oncologic results. However, there is no data on outcome and toxicity of LARVH followed by (chemo)radiation. A total of 55 patients (range 28-78 years) with cervical cancer on FIGO stages IB1-IIIA (Tables 1 and 2) with risk factors were submitted to either external beam radiotherapy alone [EBRT, n = 8 (14%), including paraaortic irradiation, n = 4 (2.2%); EBRT and brachytherapy (BT), n = 33 (60%); BT alone, n = 14 (25.5%)] or chemoradiation after LARVH. At a median follow-up of 4.4 years, the 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) was 81.8% with 84.5% overall survival (OS). Acute grade 3 side effects were seen in 4 patients. These were mainly gastrointestinal (GI) and genitourinary (GU) symptoms. Grade 4 side effects were not observed. With similar oncologic outcome data and mostly mild side effects, LARVH followed by (chemo)radiation is a valid alternative in the treatment of cervical cancer patients.
Thorsteinsdottir, Thordis; Stranne, Johan; Carlsson, Stefan; Anderberg, Bo; Björholt, Ingela; Damber, Jan-Erik; Hugosson, Jonas; Wilderäng, Ulrica; Wiklund, Peter; Steineck, Gunnar; Haglind, Eva
This study describes the study design and procedures for a prospective, non-randomized trial comparing open retropubic and robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy regarding functional and oncological outcomes. The aim was to achieve a detailed prospective registration of symptoms experienced by patients using validated questionnaires in addition to documentation of surgical details, clinical examinations, medical facts and resource use. Four patient questionnaires and six case-report forms were especially designed to collect data before, during and after surgery with a follow-up time of 2 years. The primary endpoint is urinary leakage 1 year after surgery. Secondary endpoints include erectile dysfunction, oncological outcome, quality of life and cost-effectiveness at 3, 12 and 24 months after surgery. The study started in September 2008 with accrual continuing to October 2011. Twelve urological departments in Sweden well established in performing radical prostatectomy are participating. Personal contact with the participating departments and patients was established to ascertain a high response rate. To reach 80% statistical power to detect a difference of 5 absolute per cent in incidence of urinary leakage, 700 men in the retropubic group and 1400 in the robotic group are needed. The Swedish healthcare context is well suited to performing multicentre long-term prospective clinical trials. The similar care protocols and congruent specialist training are particularly favourable. The LAPPRO trial aims to compare the two surgical techniques in aspects of short- and long-term functional and oncological outcome, cost effectiveness and quality of life, supplying new knowledge to support future decisions in treatment strategies for prostate cancer.
Ding, Ling-Ling; Zhang, Hong; Mi, Wei-Dong; Liu, Jing; Jin, Chao-Hai; Yuan, Wei-Xiu; Liu, Yi; Ni, Li-Ya; Bo, Lu-Long; Deng, Xiao-Ming
To summarize anesthesia management of laparoscopic radical cystectomy and orthotopic bladder surgery with a robotic surgical system. In the study of 10 cases of bladder cancer, the robot-assisted radical cystectomy+expand lymphadenectomy+orthotopic bladder surgery with 60 degrees of Trendelenburg surgical position, was inserted into the manipulator under the video system monitor positioning, to complete the removal of the diseased tissue dissection and orthotopic ileal neobladder intra-abdominal. The respiratory parameters, hemodynamic parameters, arterial blood gas analysis were monitored and the waking time, intake and output, and intraoperative concurrent recorded. All the patients were operated successfully. The intraoperative blood loss was (342.9 ± 303.4) mL; the peak airway pressure increased after trendelenburg and high pneumoperitoneum; the mean arterial pressure heart rate and central venous pressure increased compared with the endotracheal intubation 15 minutes after two cases of the disease popularity abdominal end-expiratory CO2 partial pressure more than 50 mmHg, and PaCO2 higher than 60 mmHg in the arterial blood gas. When the respiratory parameters were adjusted, the hyperventilation showed no improvement, and when the pressure was reduced to less than 15 mmHg, the pneumoperitoneum improved; when metabolic acidosis occured in 2 patients, sodium bicarbonate post-correction was given; during surgery, 2 patients potassium rose to more than 5.5 mmol/L, gluconate and insulin were given; 5 patients developed multiple subcutaneous emphysema, of whom 1 was confined to the chest and abdomen, and 1 showed significant sense of gripping the snow from face to feet, associated with hypercapnia and temperature drop; the wake time (withdrawal to the extubation time) was (94.2 ± 35.6) min. Robot-assisted radical cystectomy + orthotopic bladder surgery is a newly-performed clinical surgery. Because of the huge machines, long time pneumoperitoneum and over
Jacobsen, André; Berg, Kasper Drimer; Iversen, Peter
Objective Anastomotic complications are well known after radical prostatectomy (RP). The vesicourethral anastomotic technique is handled differently between open and robotic RP. The aim of the study was to investigate whether the frequency of anastomotic leakages and strictures differed between...
Health resource use after robot-assisted surgery vs open and conventional laparoscopic techniques in oncology: analysis of English secondary care data for radical prostatectomy and partial nephrectomy.
Hughes, David; Camp, Charlotte; O'Hara, Jamie; Adshead, Jim
To evaluate postoperative health resource utilisation and secondary care costs for radical prostatectomy and partial nephrectomy in National Health Service (NHS) hospitals in England, via a comparison of robot-assisted, conventional laparoscopic and open surgical approaches. We retrospectively analysed the secondary care records of 23 735 patients who underwent robot-assisted (RARP, n = 8 016), laparoscopic (LRP, n = 6 776) or open radical prostatectomy (ORP, n = 8 943). We further analysed 2 173 patients who underwent robot-assisted (RAPN, n = 365), laparoscopic (LPN, n = 792) or open partial nephrectomy (OPN, n = 1 016). Postoperative inpatient admissions, hospital bed-days, excess bed-days and outpatient appointments at 360 and 1 080 days after surgery were reviewed. Patients in the RARP group required significantly fewer inpatient admissions, hospital bed-days and excess bed-days at 360 and 1 080 days than patients undergoing ORP. Patients undergoing ORP had a significantly higher number of outpatient appointments at 1 080 days. The corresponding total costs were significantly lower for patients in the RARP group at 360 days (£1679 vs £2031 for ORP; P open surgeries. Our analysis provides compelling evidence to suggest that RARP leads to reduced long-term health resource utilisation and downstream cost savings compared with traditional open and laparoscopic approaches. Furthermore, despite the limitations that arise from the inclusion of a small sample, these results also suggest that robot-assisted surgery may represent a cost-saving alternative to existing surgical options in partial nephrectomy. Further exploration of clinical cost drivers, as well as an extension of the analysis into subsequent years, could lend support to the wider commissioning of robot-assisted surgery within the NHS. © 2015 The Authors BJU International © 2015 BJU International Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Ricciardelli, Carmela; Bianco-Miotto, Tina; Jindal, Shalini; Dodd, Thomas J; Cohen, Penelope A; Marshall, Villis R; Sutherland, Peter D; Samaratunga, Hemamali; Kench, James G; Dong, Ying; Wang, Hong; Clements, Judith A; Risbridger, Gail P; Sutherland, Robert L; Tilley, Wayne D; Horsfall, David J
Knowledge of preanalytic conditions that biospecimens are subjected to is critically important because novel surgical procedures, tissue sampling, handling, and storage might affect biomarker expression or invalidate tissue samples as analytes for some technologies. We investigated differences in RNA quality, gene expression by quantitative real-time PCR, and immunoreactive protein expression of selected prostate cancer biomarkers between tissues from retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP) and robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP). Sections of tissue microarray of 23 RALP and 22 RRP samples were stained with antibodies to androgen receptor (AR) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) as intersite controls, and 14 other candidate biomarkers of research interest to three laboratories within the Australian Prostate Cancer BioResource tissue banking network. Quantitative real-time PCR was done for AR, PSA (KLK3), KLK2, KLK4, and HIF1A on RNA extracted from five RALP and five RRP frozen tissue cores. No histologic differences were observed between RALP and RRP tissue. Biomarker staining grouped these samples into those with increased (PSA, CK8/18, CKHMW, KLK4), decreased (KLK2, KLK14), or no change in expression (AR, ghrelin, Ki67, PCNA, VEGF-C, PAR2, YB1, p63, versican, and chondroitin 0-sulfate) in RALP compared with RRP tissue. No difference in RNA quality or gene expression was detected between RALP and RRP tissue. Changes in biomarker expression between RALP and RRP tissue exist at the immunoreactive protein level, but the etiology is unclear. Future studies should account for changes in biomarker expression when using RALP tissues, and mixed cohorts of RALP and RRP tissue should be avoided.
Full Text Available ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the influence of prior abdominal surgery on the outcomes after robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients with prostate cancer who underwent RALP between June 2012 and February 2015 at our institution. Patients with prior abdominal surgery were compared with those without prior surgery while considering the mean total operating, console, and port-insertion times; mean estimated blood loss; positive surgical margin rate; mean duration of catheterization; and rate of complications. Results: A total of 203 patients who underwent RALP during the study period were included in this study. In all, 65 patients (32% had a prior history of abdominal surgery, whereas 138 patients (68% had no prior history. The total operating, console, and port-insertion times were 328 and 308 (P=0.06, 252 and 242 (P=0.28, and 22 and 17 minutes (P=0.01, respectively, for patients with prior and no prior surgery. The estimated blood losses, positive surgical margin rates, mean durations of catheterization, and complication rates were 197 and 170 mL (P=0.29, 26.2% and 20.2% (P=0.32, 7.1 and 6.8 days (P=0.74, and 12.3% and 8.7% (P=0.42, respectively. Furthermore, whether prior abdominal surgery was performed above or below the umbilicus or whether single or multiple surgeries were performed did not further affect the perioperative outcomes. Conclusions: Our results suggest that RALP can be performed safely in patients with prior abdominal surgery, without increasing the risk of complications.
Tariq A. Khemees
Full Text Available Several factors may highlight the relevance of prostate cancer to the pre-heart-transplant population. First, the expansion in candidate selection criteria led to increased number of men over the age of fifty to be considered for heart transplantation. With the introduction of left ventricular assist device (LVAD therapy, waiting-list mortality has dramatically declined over the past decade. Additionally, transplant candidates are diligently screened for preexisting neoplasm while on the waiting list. Taken together, screening-detected prostate cancer may increasingly be diagnosed in patients on the waiting list. If discovered, it will pose unique challenge to clinicians as to date there has been no universally accepted management guideline. We report a case of LVAD-treated heart transplant candidate diagnosed with prostate cancer while on the waiting list. Patient screening demonstrated PSA elevation which prompted prostate biopsy. Low-risk clinically localized prostate cancer was confirmed and led to removal of patient from transplant list. When counseled regarding management of his cancer, the patient elected to undergo radical prostatectomy in a hope to regain candidacy for heart transplantation. Despite being of high surgical risk, multidisciplinary team approach led to successful management of prostate cancer and the patient eventually received heart transplant one year following prostatectomy.
Robot-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy is a safe and effective procedure for patients with bladder cancer compared to laparoscopic and open surgery: Perioperative outcomes of a single-center experience.
Matsumoto, Kazumasa; Tabata, Ken-Ichi; Hirayama, Takahiro; Shimura, Soichiro; Nishi, Morihiro; Ishii, Daisuke; Fujita, Tetsuo; Iwamura, Masatsugu
We compared the perioperative outcomes of patients with bladder cancer according to three different procedures: robot-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy (RALC), laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC), and open radical cystectomy (ORC). From April 2008 to March 2017, 36 consecutive patients underwent radical cystectomy and ileal conduit with RALC (n = 10), LRC (n = 10), or ORC (n = 16). All patients underwent RALC and LRC with extracorporeal urinary diversion. Perioperative data were patient demographics, perioperative laboratory data including hematocrit and creatinine, intraoperative crystalloids and colloids, estimated blood loss (EBL), allogeneic transfusion, respiratory parameters including maximum end-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO2) and respiratory rate, arterial blood gas data including highest pH, partial pressure of CO2 (PaCO2), partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), operative time, opiate consumption including intraoperative and postoperative anesthesia, time of hospital stay, time to oral intake and normal diet, and adverse events. EBL was less for RALC than for other procedures (p = 0.0004). No blood transfusions were performed for RALC, but ORC required significant blood transfusions (p = 0.003). Respiratory rate was highest and PaCO2 was lowest for RALC. Preoperative creatinine levels were significantly worse for the RALC group, but no significant differences were noted after surgery. There were no significant differences among the groups in regard to hematocrit levels. Operative time, laparoscopic time, intraoperative anesthesia, and postoperative anesthesia did not differ among the groups. High-grade adverse events were only seen for ORC. Although RALC required a steep Trendelenburg position, which might add elements of risk, RALC was safe even for this small cohort. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Taiwan.
Cormio, Luigi; Massenio, Paolo; Lucarelli, Giuseppe; Di Fino, Giuseppe; Selvaggio, Oscar; Micali, Salvatore; Carrieri, Giuseppe
Hem-o-lok clips are widely used during robot-assisted and laparoscopic radical prostatectomy to control the lateral pedicles. There are a few reports of hem-o-lok clip migration into the bladder or vesico-urethral anastomosis and only four cases of hem-o-lok clip migration resulting into bladder neck contracture. Herein, we describe the first case, to our knowledge, of hem-o-lok clip migration leading to severe bladder neck contracture and subsequent stress urinary incontinence. A 62-year-old Caucasian man underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy for a T1c Gleason 8 prostate cancer. One month after surgery the patient was fully continent; however, three months later, he presented with acute urinary retention requiring suprapubic drainage. Urethroscopy showed a hem-o-lok clip strongly attached to the area between the vesico-urethral anastomosis and the urethral sphincter and a severe bladder neck contracture behind it. Following cold-knife urethral incision and clip removal, the bladder neck contracture was widely resected. At 3-month follow-up, the patient voided spontaneously with a peak flow rate of 9.5 ml/sec and absence of post-void residual urine, but leaked 240 ml urine at the 24-hour pad test. To date, at 1-year follow-up, his voiding situation remains unchanged. The present report provides further evidence for the risk of hem-o-lok clip migration causing bladder neck contracture, and is the first to demonstrate the potential of such complication to result into stress urinary incontinence.
Full Text Available Background: To evaluate the feasibility of performing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP as a day case procedure while maintaining patient satisfaction and safety. Herein we report our experience, selection criteria, and discharge criteria for day case LRP. Methods: We performed a prospective study with 32 patients undergoing extraperitoneal LRP. These patients were counselled before the procedure that they would go home the same evening of the procedure. Pain scores and quality of life data were recorded day 1 postoperatively via a telephone consultation. The patients underwent routine blood tests on day 2 and an outpatient review on day 7 and regularly thereafter via an assigned key worker. Socio-demographic data, comorbidities, and outcomes were collected for analysis. Results: All patients were successfully discharged the same day of surgery. Mean patient age was 62 years with a mean body mass index of 25. Mean operative time was 147 minutes, and estimated blood loss was 101 ml. Three patients were treated for post operative urinary tract infections; two patients developed infected lymphoceles which required percutaneous drainage and one patient required re-catheterisation due to a burst catheter balloon. Of these six complications four patients required re-admission. Post-operative pain, nausea and vomiting were low whilst patient satisfaction scores were unanimously high in all patients surveyed. Conclusions: The early experience with extraperitoneal LRP as a same day surgery is promising although patients who are at high risk of lymphocele should be excluded. Preoperative patient counselling and selection is paramount. Patient satisfaction is not adversely affected by the shortened stay. Surgeon experience, a well-motivated patient, meticulous attention to detail through an integrated pathway, a multidisciplinary team and adequate postoperative assessment are essential.
Silberstein, Jonathan L; Vickers, Andrew J; Power, Nicholas E; Parra, Raul O; Coleman, Jonathan A; Pinochet, Rodrigo; Touijer, Karim A; Scardino, Peter T; Eastham, James A; Laudone, Vincent P
Published outcomes of pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) during robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) demonstrate significant variability. The purpose of the study was to compare PLND outcomes in patients at risk for lymph node involvement (LNI) who were undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP) by different surgeons and surgical approaches. Institutional policy initiated on January 1, 2010, mandated that all patients undergoing RP receive a standardized PLND with inclusion of the hypogastric region when predicted risk of LNI was ≥ 2%. We analyzed the outcomes of consecutive patients meeting these criteria from January 1 to September 1, 2010 by surgeons and surgical approach. All patients underwent RP; surgical approach (open radical retropubic [ORP], laparoscopic [LRP], RALP) was selected by the consulting surgeon. Differences in lymph node yield (LNY) between surgeons and surgical approaches were compared using multivariable linear regression with adjustment for clinical stage, biopsy Gleason grade, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, and age. Of 330 patients (126 ORP, 78 LRP, 126 RALP), 323 (98%) underwent PLND. There were no significant differences in characteristics between approaches, but the nomogram probability of LNI was slightly greater for ORP than RALP (P=0.04). LNY was high (18 nodes) by all approaches; more nodes were removed by ORP and LRP (median 20, 19, respectively) than RALP (16) after adjusting for stage, grade, PSA level, and age (P=0.015). Rates of LNI were high (14%) with no difference between approaches when adjusted for nomogram probability of LNI (P=0.15). Variation in median LNY among individual surgeons was considerable for all three approaches (11-28) (P=0.005) and was much greater than the variability by approach. PLND, including hypogastric nodal packet, can be performed by any surgical approach, with slightly different yields but similar pathologic outcomes. Individual surgeon commitment to PLND may be more important
Full Text Available BackgroundThe second most common cancer in women up to 65 years of age is cervical cancer. Same cancer is the leading cause of death from gynaecological deseases worldwide.The standard procedure for cervical cancer treatment with FIGO stage including IB2 is radical hysterectomy sec. Wertheim-Meigs-Novak with or without adnexa with radical pelvic lymphadenectomy and/or para-aortic lymphadenectomy. In the last two decades has with the development of laparoscopy also developed laparoscopic radical hysterectomy .Laparoscopic radical hysterectomy with pelvic and para-aortic lymph nodes dissection was performed for the first time by Nezhat with coworkers in 1989.Laparoscopic radical hysterectomy with pelvic and/or paraaortic lymphnode dissection in treatement of cervical cancer including FIGO stage IB1 is performed at Dep Ob/Gyn UKC Ljubljana since 2013. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the morbidity and safety of the procedure. MethodsWe retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with cervical cancer who underwent laparoscopic radical histerectomy with pelvic and/or paraaortic lymphadenectomy from April 2013 to May 2016. Results34 patient were included, 32 patients with CC FIGO stage IB1, 1 patient with CC FIGO stage IB2, 1 patient with CC FIGO stage IIB.There were four (11,8% bladder lesions, all of them were corrected during the surgery, but no ureteral lesion! There was one (2,9% surgical revision right after the surgery due to assumption of bleeding (though there was no active bleeding found.Three patients (8,8% had permanent urinary dysfunction – retention. One patient (2,9% had dehiscence of vaginal vault after 4 months (after sexual intercourseThere was no ureterovaginal/vesicovaginl fistula after surgery! The mean operating time was 2 hours 55 min, mean admission time after surgery was 8,7 days, mean blood loss during operation was 291 ml. ConclusionsLaparoscopic radical hysterectomy is the method of choice in
Gys, Ben; Fransis, Karen; Hubens, Guy; Van den Broeck, Sylvie; Op de Beeck, Bart; Komen, Niels
We would like to present a patient with a history of ulcerative colitis suffering from a synchronous rectal and prostate cancer treated with a laparoscopic total proctocolectomy (with TaTME) and Retzius sparing RARP simultaneously. Retzius sparing RARP with bilateral lymph node harvesting was performed first. Afterwards, TaTME was commenced with the placement of a Lonestar® retractor and GelPort®. Anterior dissection was troubled unexpectedly by outspoken fibrosis. For that reason, it was completed laparoscopically. We then continued with the laparoscopic total proctocolectomy. Last, a transanal circular stapled ileoanal anastomosis was created and a derivating ileostomy was installed. Postoperative proctoscopy showed a patent ileoanal anastomosis. After removal of the Foley catheter on day 21, the patient was immediately continent. Prostate specimen revealed a pT2cN1M0 transmural invasive adenocarcinoma with a Gleason score of 7 (3 + 4). Pathology analysis of the rectum revealed a stage IIIc transmural invasive moderately differentiated rectal adenocarcinoma (pT3N2bM0) with free margins. He was referred for adjuvant chemotherapy. In this case, the combination of TaTME and Retzius sparing RARP for synchronous rectal and prostate cancer was feasible and safe. We suggest performing the anterior TaTME dissection last, due to disturbing blood flow into the operating field after prostatectomy.
Wang, Chunxia; Song, Zhen; Li, Siheng; Tai, Sheng
The purpose of this work is to explore the effects of continuing nursing care intervention on postoperative urinary control and quality of life among patients with prostate cancer. This was a single-center, parallel, and randomized controlled trial that was carried out at the Department of Urology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, China. The participants underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP) between October 2014 and April 2016. The patients were randomized to the experimental and control groups (n=37/group). Patients in the control group received routine nursing care, while patients in the experimental group received continuing nursing care. During the 6-month follow-up, each patient was invited at the hospital discharge and at 1, 3, and 6 months to fill the ICI-Q-SF and SF-36 questionnaires. The scores of urinary incontinence were improved in the intervention group compared with controls at 3 and 6 months after discharge (both P < 0.01). The scores of quality of life in the experimental group were significantly higher than control group at 1, 3, and 6 months (all P < 0.01). Adverse events were mild or moderate in intensity and were resolved in all patients. All adverse events were related to RARP. Continuing nursing care intervention had significant beneficial effects on urinary functions and quality of life in patients with prostate cancer after RARP. This approach warrants to be promoted in the clinical setting.
Tillier, C; van Muilekom, H A M; Bloos-van der Hulst, J; Grivas, N; van der Poel, H G
The role of a cystogram to assess the vesico-urethral anastomosis (VUA) after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP) has been debated. Early catheter removal without cystogram was reported to be associated with a trend towards an increased risk of acute urinary retention (AUR). In two cohorts we studied the effects of VUA leakage on cystogram and functional outcome after RARP. Cohort A contained 1390 consecutive men that routinely underwent a cystogram after RARP. Transurethral catheter (TUC) was removed in the absence of VUA leakage or minimal leakage on subsequent repeat cystogram. Outcome was compared to a group of 120 men that underwent cystography 7-10 days after RARP but had the TUC removed independent of cystography findings (cohort B). Outcome was assessed by early clinical follow-up and quality of life (QOL) questionnaires at 6 months. Men in cohort B had an increased risk of AUR and 6 months voiding complaints when compared to cohort A. The incidence of AUR and voiding complaints was associated with grade 2-3 leakage on cystography in cohort B but not in cohort A. Grade 2-3 leakage on cystogram was more likely in men with larger prostates larger and preoperative voiding complaints. Selective cystogram in men with larger prostates and preoperative lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) may prevent early AUR and voiding complaints after RARP when prolonged TUC use is applied.
Sooriakumaran, Prasanna; Pini, Giovannalberto; Nyberg, Tommy; Derogar, Maryam; Carlsson, Stefan; Stranne, Johan; Bjartell, Anders; Hugosson, Jonas; Steineck, Gunnar; Wiklund, Peter N
Whether surgeons perform better utilising a robot-assisted laparoscopic technique compared with an open approach during prostate cancer surgery is debatable. To report erectile function and early oncologic outcomes for both surgical modalities, stratified by prostate cancer risk grouping. In a prospective nonrandomised trial, we recruited 2545 men with prostate cancer from seven open (n=753) and seven robot-assisted (n=1792) Swedish centres (2008-2011). Clinometrically-validated questionnaire-based patient-reported erectile function was collected before, 3 mo, 12 mo, and 24 mo after surgery. Surgeon-reported degree of neurovascular-bundle preservation, pathologist-reported positive surgical margin (PSM) rates, and 2-yr prostate-specific antigen-relapse rates were measured. Among 1702 preoperatively potent men, we found enhanced erectile function recovery for low/intermediate-risk patients in the robot-assisted group at 3 mo. For patients with high-risk tumours, point estimates for erectile function recovery at 24 mo favoured the open surgery group. The degree of neurovascular bundle preservation and erectile function recovery were greater correlated for robot-assisted surgery. In pT2 tumours, 10% versus 17% PSM rates were observed for open and robot-assisted surgery, respectively; corresponding rates for pT3 tumours were 48% and 33%. These differences were associated with biochemical recurrence in pT3 but not pT2 disease. The study is limited by its nonrandomised design and relatively short follow-up. Earlier recovery of erectile function in the robot-assisted surgery group in lower-risk patients is counterbalanced by lower PSM rates for open surgeons in organ-confined disease; thus, both open and robotic surgeons need to consider this trade-off when determining the plane of surgical dissection. Robot-assisted surgery also facilitates easier identification of nerve preservation planes during radical prostatectomy as well as wider dissection for pT3 cases. For
Abreu Sidney C.; Gill Inderbir S.
PURPOSE: We describe the critical steps of the laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) technique and discuss how they impact upon the pertinent issues regarding prostate cancer surgery: blood loss, potency and continence. RESULTS: A major advantage of LRP is the reduced operative blood loss. The precise placement of the dorsal vein complex stitch associated with the tamponading effect of the CO2 pneumoperitoneum significantly decrease venous bleeding, which is the main source of blood loss d...
Abreu Sidney C.
Full Text Available PURPOSE: We describe the critical steps of the laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP technique and discuss how they impact upon the pertinent issues regarding prostate cancer surgery: blood loss, potency and continence. RESULTS: A major advantage of LRP is the reduced operative blood loss. The precise placement of the dorsal vein complex stitch associated with the tamponading effect of the CO2 pneumoperitoneum significantly decrease venous bleeding, which is the main source of blood loss during radical prostatectomy. At the Cleveland Clinic, the average blood loss of our first 100 patients was 322.5 ml, resulting in low transfusion rates. The continuous venous bleeding narrowed pelvic surgical field and poor visibility can adversely impact on nerve preservation during open radical prostatectomy. Laparoscopy, with its enhanced and magnified vision in a relatively bloodless field allows for excellent identification and handling of the neurovascular bundles. During open retropubic radical prostatectomy, the pubic bone may impair visibility and access to the urethral stump, and the surgeon must tie the knots relying on tactile sensation alone. Consequently, open prostatectomy is associated with a prolonged catheterization period of 2 - 3 weeks. Comparatively, during laparoscopic radical prostatectomy all sutures are meticulously placed and each is tied under complete visual control, resulting in a precise mucosa-to-mucosa approximation. CONCLUSION: The laparoscopic approach may represent a reliable less invasive alternative to the conventional open approach. Despite the encouraging preliminary anatomical and functional outcomes, prospective randomized comparative trials are required to critically evaluate the role of laparoscopy for this sophisticated and delicate operation.
Hirabayashi, Go; Ogihara, Yukihiko; Tsukakoshi, Shoichi; Daimatsu, Kiyoshi; Inoue, Masaaki; Kurahashi, Kiyoyasu; Maruyama, Koichi; Andoh, Tomio
Pressure-controlled inverse inspiratory to expiratory ratio ventilation (PC-IRV) is thought to be beneficial for reducing the dead space volume. To investigate the effects of PC-IRV on the components of dead space during robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RLRP). A randomised crossover study of three different ventilator modes. A single university hospital from September 2014 to April 2015. Twenty consecutive study participants undergoing RLRP. Patients were ventilated sequentially with three different modes in random order for 30 min: volume control ventilation (VCV; inspiratory to expiratory ratio 0.5), pressure control ventilation (PCV; inspiratory to expiratory ratio 0.5) and PC-IRV. Inverse inspiratory to expiratory ratio was adjusted individually by observing the expiratory flow-time wave to prevent the risk of dynamic pulmonary hyperinflation. The primary outcome included physiological dead space (VDphys), airway dead space (VDaw), alveolar dead space (VDalv) and shunt dead space (VDshunt). VDphys was calculated by Enghoff's method. We also analysed respiratory dead space (VDresp) and VDaw using a novel analytical method. Then, VDalv and VDshunt were calculated by VDalv = VDresp - VDaw and VDshunt = VDphys - VDresp, respectively. The VDphys/expired tidal volume (VTE) ratio in PC-IRV (29.2 ± 4.7%) was significantly reduced compared with that in VCV (43 ± 8.5%) and in PCV (35.9 ± 3.9%). The VDshunt/VTE in PC-IRV was significantly smaller than that in VCV and PCV. VDaw/VTE in PC-IRV was also significantly smaller than that in VCV but not that in PCV. There was no significant change in VDalv/VTE. PC-IRV with the inspiratory to expiratory ratio individually adjusted by the expiratory flow-time wave decreased VDphys/VTE in patients undergoing RLRP. University Hospital Medical Information Network in Japan 000014004.
Wolboldt, Melinda; Saltzman, Barbara; Tenbrink, Patrick; Shahrour, Khaled; Jain, Samay
With healthcare reform, cost and patient satisfaction will directly affect hospital reimbursement. We present data on same-day discharge (SDD) for patients who underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP). Patient data were gathered in an IRB-approved database. In April 2015, the surgeon (S.J.) began SDD. The SDD protocol for RALP includes multimodal anesthesia/analgesia and extended recovery. Interim analysis revealed that government insurance (CMS) refused hospital reimbursement for SDD. As of that time, only patients with commercial insurance were offered SDD. The demographic and peri-operative data were compared between the two cohorts (Group 1, SDD; Group 2, Admitted patients) by using Mann-Whitney U, chi-squared, or fisher exact tests, where appropriate. During the study period, 21 patients had undergone RALP. Eleven of 21 patients were offered SDS, and nine (81.8%) were discharged. Both those who elected to stay were successfully discharged on the next day. Patient age, body mass index (BMI), prostate-specific antigen, operative time, estimated blood loss (EBL), prostate weight, distance from home to hospital, margin status, marital status, and household income were not statistically significantly different between the two groups. The same is true between patients who underwent RALP both before and after initiation of the SDD protocol with the exception of EBL (greater in the SDD group). There have been no reported complications or readmissions for any of the patients in Group 1. Our novel pilot study reveals that SDS is safe and feasible. We are currently conducting a further evaluation of patient satisfaction. Future research is needed to verify these conclusions.
Roh, Go Un; Kim, Won Oak; Rha, Koon Ho; Lee, Byung Ho; Jeong, Hae Won; Na, Sungwon
Internal jugular vein (IJV) is the main pathway of cerebral venous drainage and its valves prevent regurgitation of blood to the brain. IJV valve incompetence (IJVVI) is known to be associated with cerebral dysfunctions. It occurs more often in male over 50 years old, conditions elevating intra-abdominal or intra-thoracic pressure. In robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALRP), elderly male undergoes surgery in Trendelenburg position with pneumoperitoneum applied. Therefore, we assessed the IJVVI during RALRP and its influence on postoperative cognitive function. 57 patients undergoing RALRP were enrolled. Neurocognitive tests including Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Auditory Verbal Learning Test, Digit Symbol Substitution Test, Color Word Stroop Test, digit span test, and grooved pegboard test were performed the day before and 2 days after surgery. During surgery, IJVVI was assessed with ultrasonography in supine position with and without pneumoperitoneum, and Trendelenburg position with pneumoperitoneum. 50 patients underwent sonographic assessment and 41 patients completed neurocognitive examination. A total of 27 patients presented IJVVI, 19 patients in supine position without pneumoperitoneum, 7 patients in supine position with pneumoperitoneum and 1 patient in Trendelenburg position with pneumoperitoneum. In neurocognitive tests, patients with IJVVI showed statistically significant decline of score in MMSE postoperatively (p<0.05). IJVVI occurred in 38% in supine position but the incidence was increased to 54% after Trendelenburg position and pneumoperitoneum. Patients with IJVVI did not show significant differences in cognitive function tests except MMSE. Clinical and neurological significance of physiologic changes associated RALRP should be studied further. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Comparative investigation on clinical outcomes of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy between experienced open prostatic surgeons and novice open surgeons in a laparoscopically naïve center with a limited caseload.
Sumitomo, Makoto; Kanao, Kent; Kato, Yoshiharu; Yoshizawa, Takahiko; Watanabe, Masahito; Zennami, Kenji; Nakamura, Kogenta
To compare perioperative, oncological and functional outcomes of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy between experienced and novice open radical prostatectomy surgeons in a laparoscopically naïve center with a limited caseload. Six surgeons carried out robot-assisted radical prostatectomy in 154 patients, which were divided into the following three groups: group 1 (n = 90), including patients operated on by a surgeon with experience in both open radical prostatectomy and robot-assisted radical prostatectomy; group 2 (n = 36), including patients operated on by two surgeons with experience in open radical prostatectomy only; and group 3 (n = 28), including patients operated on by three surgeons with limited experience in both open radical prostatectomy or robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Groups 2 and 3 did not differ significantly in their median values of external blood loss (P = 0.165) or console time (P = 0.103). Positive surgical margin rates for pT2 patients were also similar in these two groups: 21.2% (7/33) in group 2 and 22.7% (5/22) in group 3 (P = 0.894). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that 12 months after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy the prostate-specific antigen-free rate for pT2 patients was 96.0% in group 2 and 100% in group 3, but the pad-free continence rate was just 91.0% in group 1, 88.0% in group 2 and 75.5% in group 3 (group 1 vs group 3, P = 0.037; group 2 vs group 3, P = 0.239). The major complication rate after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy was 3.3% (3/90) in group 1, 11.1% (4/36) in group 2 and 17.9% (5/28) in group 3 (group 1 vs group 3, P = 0.008; group 2 vs group 3; P = 0.441). Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy offers satisfactory postoperative outcomes even when carried out by surgeons with limited experience in open radical prostatectomy. © 2015 The Japanese Urological Association.
Orvieto, M A; Patel, V R
Open radical prostatectomy (RRP) is the gold standard and most widespread treatment for clinically localized prostate cancer. However, in recent years robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RARP) is rapidly gaining acceptance among urologists worldwide. We sought to outline our surgical technique of robotic radical prostatectomy and provide practical recommendations based on available reports and personal experience. We also critically review the current experience on RARP worldwide and compare the available data with the gold standard open RRP series. A systematic review of the literature was performed for all published manuscripts between 1997 and 2008 using the keywords - 'robotic radical prostatectomy, 'robot-assisted radical prostatectomy', 'laparoscopic radical prostatectomy' and 'robotic' using the Medline database. A total of 226 original manuscripts on RARP were identified. Manuscripts were selected according to their relevance to the current topic (i.e. original articles, number of patients in the series, prospective data collection) and incorporated into this review. Eight years after the first RARP, multiple series are mature enough to demonstrate safety, efficiency and reproducibility of the procedure, as well as oncologic and functional outcomes comparable to its open counterpart. Further prospective, randomized studies comparing both surgical techniques are necessary in order to draw more definitive conclusions.
Rassweiler, J; Marrero, R; Hammady, A; Erdogru, T; Teber, D; Frede, T
To demonstrate the operative steps of transperitoneal laparoscopic radical prostatectomy with the ascending approach (Heilbronn technique). The technique is based on our experience with more than 1000 cases of clinically localized prostate cancer from March 1999 to April 2004. The technical steps, instrumental requirements, patient data, complications, and reintervention rate were reviewed. The principles of the technique include the routine use of a voice-controlled robot (AESOP) for the camera, exposure of the prostatic apex with 120 degree retracting forceps, free-hand suturing for Santorini plexus control, application of 5-mm clips during the nerve-sparing technique, control of the prostatic pedicles by 12-mm Hem-o-Lock clips, the bladder neck-sparing technique in patients with stage T1c and T2a tumors, and use of interrupted sutures for the urethrovesical anastomosis. A considerable improvement was observed when comparing the first 300 with the most recent 300 cases (mean operating time 280 v 208 minutes; conversion rate 2.7% v 0.3%; reintervention rate 3.7% v 1.0%). Through our experience with more than 1000 cases, transperitoneal access for laparoscopic radical prostatectomy has proven to be feasible and transferable with results comparable to those of the original open approach. Besides the well-known advantages of minimally invasive surgery, the video endoscopic approach may offer further benefits in permitting optimization of the technique by video assessment.
Robotic surgery has evolved over the last decade to compensate for limitations in human dexterity. It avoids the need for a trained assistant while decreasing error rates such as perforations. The nature of the robotic assistance varies from voice activated camera control to more elaborate telerobotic systems such as the Zeus and the Da Vinci where the surgeon controls the robotic arms using a console. Herein, we report the first series of robotic assisted colectomies in Ireland using a voice activated camera control system.
Azawi, Nessn H.; Christensen, Tom; Dahl, Claus
Objectives: The aims of this study were to discuss the hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy (HALNo) outpatient procedure and compare it to the transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy (LNo) outpatient procedure. Materials and methods: A prospective, randomized study of 30 patients with renal tu...
Peter A. Caputo
Full Text Available ABSTRACT Introduction: Augmentation ileocystoplasty is a common treatment in adults with low capacity bladders due to neurogenic bladder dysfunction. We describe here our technique for robotic assisted laparoscopic augmentation ileocystoplasty in an adult with a low capacity bladder due to neurogenic bladder dysfunction. Materials and Methods: The patient is a 35 years-old man with neurogenic bladder due to a C6 spinal cord injury in 2004. Cystometrogram shows a maximum capacity of 96cc and Pdet at maximum capacity of 97cmH2O. He manages his bladder with intermittent catheterization and experiences multiple episodes of incontinence between catheterizations. He experiences severe autonomic dysreflexia symptoms with indwelling urethral catheter. He has previously failed non operative management options of his bladder dysfunction. Our surgical technique utilizes 6 trocars, of note a 12mm assistant trocar is placed 1cm superior to the pubic symphysis, and this trocar is solely used to pass a laparoscopic stapler to facilitate the excision of the ileal segment and the enteric anastomosis. Surgical steps include: development of the space of Retzius/dropping the bladder; opening the bladder from the anterior to posterior bladder neck; excision of a segment of ileum; enteric anastomosis; detubularizing the ileal segment; suturing the ileal segment to the incised bladder edge. Results: The surgery had no intraoperative complications. Operative time was 286 minutes (4.8 hours. Estimated blood loss was 50cc. Length of hospital stay was 8 days. He did experience a postoperative complication on hospital day 3 of hematemesis, which did not require blood transfusion. Cystometrogram at 22 days post operatively showed a maximum bladder capacity of 165cc with a Pdet at maximum capacity of 10cmH2O. Conclusions: As surgeon comfort and experience with robotic assisted surgery grows, robotic surgery can successfully be applied to less frequently performed procedures
Tsui, Johnson F; Feuerstein, Michael; Jazayeri, Seyed Behzad; Samadi, David B
Operative management of prostate cancer in a patient who has undergone previous open suprapubic simple prostatectomy poses a unique surgical challenge. Herein, we describe a case of intermediate risk prostate cancer in a man who had undergone simple prostatectomy ten years prior to presentation. The patient was found to have Gleason 7 prostate cancer on MRI fusion biopsy of the prostate for elevated PSA and underwent an uncomplicated robot assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy.
Johnson F. Tsui
Full Text Available Operative management of prostate cancer in a patient who has undergone previous open suprapubic simple prostatectomy poses a unique surgical challenge. Herein, we describe a case of intermediate risk prostate cancer in a man who had undergone simple prostatectomy ten years prior to presentation. The patient was found to have Gleason 7 prostate cancer on MRI fusion biopsy of the prostate for elevated PSA and underwent an uncomplicated robot assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy.
Full Text Available PURPOSE: Our goal was to assess outcomes of a selective drain placement strategy during laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP with a running urethrovesical anastomosis (RUVA using cystographic imaging in all patients. Materials and Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed for all patients undergoing LRP between January 2003 and December 2004. The anastomosis was performed using a modified van Velthoven technique. A drain was placed at the discretion of the senior surgeon when a urinary leak was demonstrated with bladder irrigation, clinical suspicion for a urinary leak was high, or a complex bladder neck reconstruction was performed. Routine postoperative cystograms were obtained. RESULTS: 208 patients underwent LRP with a RUVA. Data including cystogram was available for 206 patients. The overall rate of cystographic urine leak was 5.8%. A drain was placed in 51 patients. Of these, 8 (15.6% had a postoperative leak on cystogram. Of the 157 undrained patients, urine leak was radiographically visible in 4 (2.5%. The higher leak rate in the drained vs. undrained cohort was statistically significant (p = 0.002. Twenty-four patients underwent pelvic lymph node dissection (8 drained, 16 undrained. Three undrained patients developed lymphoceles, which presented clinically on average 3 weeks postoperatively. There were no urinomas or hematomas in either group. CONCLUSIONS: Routine placement of a pelvic drain after LRP with a RUVA is not necessary, unless the anastomotic integrity is suboptimal intraoperatively. Experienced clinical judgment is essential and accurate in identifying patients at risk for postoperative leakage. When suspicion is low, omitting a drain does not increase morbidity.
Pilka, R; Marek, R; Dzvinčuk, P; Kudela, M; Neubert, D
To compare intraoperative, pathologic and postoperative outcomes of "learning curve" robotic radical hysterectomy (RRH) with laparoscopy assisted radical vaginal hysterectomy (LARVH) and abdominal radical hysterectomy (ARH) in patients with early stage cervical carcinoma. Comparative study. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital, Olomouc. The first twenty patients with cervical cancer stages IA2-IIA underwent RRH and were compared with previous twenty LARVH and ARH cases. The procedures were performed at University Hospital Olomouc, Czech Republic between 2004 and 2011. There were no differences between groups for age, body mass index, tumor histology, number of nodes removed or preoperative hemoglobin levels. The median theatre time in the learning period for the robot procedure was reduced from 400 min to less than 223 min and compared well to the 215 min for an open procedure. We found differences between the pre- and postoperative hemoglobin levels (RRH, 14.9 ±7 .6; LARVH, 23.0 ± 8.5; ARH, 28.0 ± 12.4). This difference was statistically significant in favor of RRH group ( p= 0.0012). Mean length of stay was significantly shorter for the RRH group (7.2 versus 8.8 days,p = 0.0005). Mean pelvic lymph node count was similar in the three groups. None of the robotic or laparoscopic procedures required conversion to laparotomy. The differences in major operative complications between the two groups were not significant. Based on our experience, robotic radical hysterectomy showed better results than traditional laparoscopically assisted radical vaginal hysterectomy in early stage cervical carcinoma cases. Introduction of this new technique requires a learning curve of less than 20 cases that will reduce the operating time to a level comparable to open surger.
Martin, Angel; Torrent, Anna
To assess the feasibility of the laparoscopic approach in fertility-preserving and radical surgery of cervical cancer in young patients. Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification I). Hospital Son Llatzer, Palma de Mallorca, Spain. Nine women with early cervical cancer. Laparoscopic nerve-sparring radical trachelectomy. Data for 9 consecutive women undergoing laparoscopic nerve-sparing radical trachelectomy because of FIGO IA2 (n=2) or FIGO IB1 (n=7) infiltrating cervical carcinoma of the squamous type (n=6) or adenocarcinoma (n=3) were analyzed. Resection of the pericervical ligaments was laparoscopically performed, preserving innervation of the bladder and the arterial supply of the uterus. The laparoscopic approach enabled completion of the operation via the vaginal route without difficulties. The mean duration of surgery was 270 minutes. No relevant perioperative complications occurred. Two women became pregnant: 1 underwent an elective cesarean section delivery at week 38, and hysterectomy was performed 6 months later; and the other woman was pregnant at the time of this writing. Mean duration of follow-up was 28 months. Six patients currently have regular menses without evidence of disease. One patient had a central recurrence at 14 months, which was treated using surgery and radiochemotherapy, and she was free of disease at the last follow-up. Laparoscopic nerve-sparring radical trachelectomy may be an alternative in fertility-preserving surgery for cervical cancer in centers in which specialization in radical vaginal surgery is lacking. The procedure enables preservation of autonomic innervation of the urinary bladder and the arterial supply of the uterus. Copyright (c) 2010 AAGL. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Bermas, Honnie; Fenoglio, Michael E.; Haun, William; Moore, John T.
Introduction: Laparoscopic splenectomy has become the procedure of choice for those patients who need to have a splenectomy. The skills required to perform a laparoscopic splenectomy are not easy to learn and therefore may limit the availability of this procedure to patients. Methods: We present a hand-assisted technique that allows the performance of a laparoscopic splenectomy safely and rapidly by surgeons without a great deal of experience with this procedure. Results: A laparoscopic hand-assisted splenectomy was performed by a chief resident who had not performed this procedure before. The operative time was comparable to that of a laparoscopic splenectomy performed by an experienced laparoscopic surgeon at our institution (65 vs 62 min). Conclusions: The hand-assisted technique is useful in a number of laparoscopic situations. We suggest that hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery might be used as an adjunct for surgeons with limited laparoscopic experience and for residents who are learning advanced laparoscopic skills. PMID:14974668
S. N. Nesterov
Full Text Available Background. Retropubic radical prostatectomy (RPE is now the gold standard of treatment for locally advanced prostate cancer (PC. However, robot-assisted RPE procedures using the da Vinci system are finding increasing acceptance.Materials and methods. The authors conducted a prospective study of 60 robot-assisted prostatectomies made at the Clinic of Urology, N.I. Pirogov National Medical Surgical Center, in the period January 2009 to December 2010.Results. The duration of an operation averaged 230 min; the average amount of blood loss was 200 ml. The mean duration of postoperative analgesia was 2,7 days. That of urinary catheterization was 8.5 days. A normal postoperative course was noted in most cases (88,4 %. Seven patients were found to have 8 (13,3 % mild and moderate complications. A pathohistological study revealed a positive surgical margin of resection in 21,7 % of the patients, extracapsular tumor growth in 21,7 %, and seminal vesicle invasion in 23,3 %. Tumor-affected regional lymph nodes were detected in 1 (1,7 % patient. In our observed series, 82 and 93 % of the subjects completely retained urine after 6 and 12 moths, respectively. Throughout the follow-up, erectile function recovered in 7 of the 15 patients undergoing a nerve-sparing surgical procedure.Conclusion. Postoperative results in our series of interventions are comparable to those obtained in the studies by Russian and foreign colleagues at the early stage of mastering this procedure. By considering a few observations, it is today difficult to say that our study is valid in the context of evidence-based medicine. Estimation of the benefits of robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy calls for long-term multicenter randomized trials.
S. N. Nesterov
Full Text Available Background. Retropubic radical prostatectomy (RPE is now the gold standard of treatment for locally advanced prostate cancer (PC. However, robot-assisted RPE procedures using the da Vinci system are finding increasing acceptance.Materials and methods. The authors conducted a prospective study of 60 robot-assisted prostatectomies made at the Clinic of Urology, N.I. Pirogov National Medical Surgical Center, in the period January 2009 to December 2010.Results. The duration of an operation averaged 230 min; the average amount of blood loss was 200 ml. The mean duration of postoperative analgesia was 2,7 days. That of urinary catheterization was 8.5 days. A normal postoperative course was noted in most cases (88,4 %. Seven patients were found to have 8 (13,3 % mild and moderate complications. A pathohistological study revealed a positive surgical margin of resection in 21,7 % of the patients, extracapsular tumor growth in 21,7 %, and seminal vesicle invasion in 23,3 %. Tumor-affected regional lymph nodes were detected in 1 (1,7 % patient. In our observed series, 82 and 93 % of the subjects completely retained urine after 6 and 12 moths, respectively. Throughout the follow-up, erectile function recovered in 7 of the 15 patients undergoing a nerve-sparing surgical procedure.Conclusion. Postoperative results in our series of interventions are comparable to those obtained in the studies by Russian and foreign colleagues at the early stage of mastering this procedure. By considering a few observations, it is today difficult to say that our study is valid in the context of evidence-based medicine. Estimation of the benefits of robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy calls for long-term multicenter randomized trials.
The impact of two different inspiratory to expiratory ratios (1:1 and 1:2) on respiratory mechanics and oxygenation during volume-controlled ventilation in robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: a randomized controlled trial.
Kim, Min-Soo; Kim, Na Young; Lee, Ki-Young; Choi, Young Deuk; Hong, Jung Hwa; Bai, Sun-Joon
Volume-controlled ventilation with a prolonged inspiratory to expiratory ratio (I:E ratio) has been used to optimize gas exchange and respiratory mechanics in various surgical settings. We hypothesized that, when compared with an I:E ratio of 1:2, a prolonged I:E ratio of 1:1 would improve respiratory mechanics without reducing cardiac output (CO) during pneumoperitoneum and steep Trendelenburg positioning, both of which can impair respiratory function in robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Furthermore, we evaluated its effect on oxygenation during robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Eighty patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy were randomly allocated to receive an I:E ratio of either 1:1 (group 1:1) or 1:2 (group 1:2). The primary endpoint, peak airway pressure (Ppeak), as well as hemodynamic data, including cardiac output (CO) and arterial oxygen tension (PaO2), were compared between groups at four time points: ten minutes after anesthesia induction (T1), 30 and 60 min after pneumoperitoneum with steep Trendelenburg positioning (T2 and T3), and ten minutes after supine positioning (T4). Overall comparisons were made between groups using linear mixed model analysis with post hoc testing of individual time points adjusted using a Bonferroni correction. Linear mixed model analysis showed a significant overall difference in Ppeak between the two groups (P < 0.001). Post hoc analysis showed a significantly lower mean (SD) Ppeak in group 1:1 than in group 1:2 at T2 [28.4 (4.0) cm H2O vs 32.8 (5.2) cm H2O, respectively; mean difference, 4.3 cm H2O; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.3 to 6.4; P < 0.001] and T3 [27.8 (3.9) cm H2O vs 32.6 (5.0) cm H2O, respectively; mean difference, 4.7 cm H2O; 95% CI, 2.7 to 6.7; P < 0.001]. The CO assessed over these time points was comparable in both groups (P = 0.784). In addition, there were no significant differences in PaO2 between the two groups (P = 0
Marchetti, Pablo E; Shikanov, Sergey; Razmaria, Aria A; Zagaja, Gregory P; Shalhav, Arieh L
To evaluate the impact of prostate weight (PW) on probability of positive surgical margin (PSM) in patients undergoing robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) for low-risk prostate cancer. The cohort consisted of 690 men with low-risk prostate cancer (clinical stage T1c, prostate-specific antigen probability of PSM and PW was assessed with univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. A PSM was identified in 105 patients (15.2%). Patients with PSM had significant higher prostate-specific antigen (P = .04), smaller prostates (P = .0001), higher Gleason score (P = .004), and higher pathologic stage (P probability of PSM for 25-, 50-, 100-, and 150-g prostates were 22% (95% CI 16%, 30%), 13% (95% CI 11%, 16%), 5% (95% CI 1%, 8%), and 1% (95% CI 0%, 3%), respectively. Lower PW is independently associated with higher probability of PSM in low-risk patients undergoing RARP with bilateral nerve-sparing. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Full Text Available Abstract Introduction: Retzus-sparing robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy(RARP is a newly approach that preserve the Retzus structures and provide better recovery of continence and erectile function. In Brazil, this approach has not yet been previously reported. Objective: Our goal is to describe Step-by-Step the Retzus-sparing RARP surgical technique and report our first Brazilian experience. Methods: We present a case of a 60-year-old white man with low risk prostate cancer. Surgical materials were four arms Da Vinci robotic platform system, six transperitoneal portals, two prolene wires and Polymer Clips. This surgical technique was step-by-step described according to Galfano et al. One additional step was added as a modification of Galfano et al. Primary technique description: The closure of the Denovellier fascia. Results: We have operated one patient with this technique. The operative time was 180minutes, console time was135 min, the blood loss was 150ml, none perioperative or postoperative complications was found, hospital stay of 01 day. The anatomopathological classification revealed a pT2aN0M0 specimen with free surgical margins. The patient achieved continence immediately after bladder stent retrieval. Full erection reported after 30 days of surgery. Conclusion: Retzus-sparing RARP approach is feasible and reproducible. However, further comparative studies are necessary to demonstrate potential benefits in continence and sexual outcomes over the standard approaches.
instrument is necessary. The use of a robot may overcome such limitations, as the learning curve is quicker and less laparoscopic skills are required . A similar procedure of video-assisted retroperitoneoscopic approach was published by Lima and Ruggeri  and more recently by Caione et al. . Both techniques ap-.
Esposito, Michael P; Ilbeigi, Pedram; Ahmed, Mutahar; Lanteri, Vincent
The da Vinci robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is a relatively new approach that is revolutionizing the surgical treatment of localized prostate cancer. Since its introduction, several improvements have been made in the robot design model, as well as in the surgical technique for prostatectomy. One of the more recent advances in this technology has been the introduction of a four-arm robot model. This modified system allows the operating surgeon to use the fourth arm for key steps and maneuvers during the operation, thereby decreasing the reliance on advanced assistant laparoscopic skills. In this report, we describe our modifications for the extraperitoneal approach for laparoscopic removal of the prostate using the four-arm da Vinci surgical system. During a 24-month period, 154 consecutive patients with clinically localized prostate cancer underwent extraperitoneal robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy using the four-arm da Vinci robot system. All cases were videotaped and subsequently reviewed. Important factors regarding extraperitoneal access, patient positioning, port placement, and assistant role with or without the fourth arm were defined. Our experience has revealed that the extraperitoneal approach allows for a more natural patient position during the operation and avoids intraperitoneal organ injury. The addition of the fourth arm to the da Vinci robot provides the operating surgeon with a great deal of independence, which facilitates all aspects of robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy. It allows the operating surgeon to retract tissue during critical steps in this challenging operation and reduces the reliance on highly trained laparoscopic assistants.
Conclusion: Total laparoscopic modified radical hysterectomy is safe and feasible for the treatment of early stage endometrial cancer. This procedure can be an alternative to total laparoscopic hysterectomy, especially when the uterus must be removed completely.
TIAGO RIVELLO ELMOR
Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: to describe our experience with a minimally invasive approach for persistent vesicourethral anastomotic leak (PVAL after Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy (LRP. Methods: from 2004 to 2011, two surgeons performed LRP in 620 patients. Ten patients had PVAL, with initially indicated conservative treatment, to no avail. These patients underwent a minimally invasive operation, consisting of an endoscopically insertion of two ureteral catheters to direct urine flow, fixed to a new urethral catheter. We maintained the ureteral catheters for seven days on average to complete resolution of urine leakage. The urethral catheter was removed after three weeks of surgery. Results: the correction of urine leakage occurred within a range of one to three days, in all ten patients, without complications. There were no stenosis of the bladder neck and urinary incontinence on long-term follow-up. Conclusion: the study showed that PVAL after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy can be treated endoscopically with safety and excellent results.
Ketan K. Badani
Full Text Available Purpose. To report on the feasibility of a new Laparoscopic Doppler ultrasound (LDU technology to aid in identifying and preserving arterial blood flow within the neurovascular bundle (NVB during robotic prostatectomy (RARP. Materials and Methods. Nine patients with normal preoperative potency and scheduled for a bilateral nerve-sparing procedure were prospectively enrolled. LDU was used to measure arterial flow at 6 anatomic locations alongside the prostate, and signal intensity was evaluated by 4 independent reviewers. Measurements were made before and after NVB dissection. Modifications in nerve-sparing procedure due to LDU use were recorded. Postoperative erectile function was assessed. Fleiss Kappa statistic was used to evaluate inter-rater agreement for each of the 12 measurements. Results. Analysis of Doppler signal intensity showed maintenance of flow in 80% of points assessed, a decrease in 16%, and an increase in 4%. Plane of NVB dissection was altered in 5 patients (56% on the left and in 4 patients (44% on the right. There was good inter-rater reliability for the 4 reviewers. Use of the probe did not significantly increase operative time or result in any complications. Seven (78% patients had recovery of erections at time of the 8-month follow-up visit. Conclusions. LDU is a safe, easy to use, and effective method to identify local vasculature and anatomic landmarks during RARP, and can potentially be used to achieve greater nerve preservation.
Zorn, Kevin C; Gofrit, Ofer N; Orvieto, Marcelo A; Mikhail, Albert A; Galocy, R Matthew; Shalhav, Arieh L; Zagaja, Gregory P
Previous reports have suggested that a 2% to 5% device failure rate (FR) be quoted when counseling patients about robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RLRP). We sought to evaluate our FR on the da Vinci system. Since February 2003, more than 800 RLRPs have been performed at our institution using a single three-armed robotic unit. A prospective database was analyzed to determine the device FR and whether it resulted in case abortion or open conversion. Intuitive Surgical Systems provided data concerning the system's performance, including its fault rate. Error messages were classified as recoverable and non-recoverable faults. Between February 2003 and November 2006, 725 RLRP cases were available for evaluation. There were no intraoperative device failures that resulted in a case conversion. Technical errors resulting in surgeon handicap occurred in 3 cases (0.4%). Four patients (0.5%) had their procedures aborted secondary to system failure at initial set-up prior to patient entrance to the operating room. Data analysis retrieved from the da Vinci console reported on a total of 807 procedures since 2003. Only 4 cases (0.4%) were reported from the Intuitive Surgical database to result in either an aborted or a converted case, which compares favorably with our results. Since the last computer system upgrade (September 2005), the mean recoverable and non-recoverable fault rates per procedure were 0.21 and 0.05, respectively. For all the advanced features the da Vinci system offers, it is surprisingly reliable. Throughout our RLRP experience, device failure resulted in case conversion, procedure abortion, and surgeon handicap in 0, 0.5%, and 0.4% of procedures, respectively. As such, a lowered device FR of 0.5% should be used when counseling patients undergoing RLRP. To avoid futile general anesthesia, a policy should be enforced to ensure that the da Vinci system is completely set up before the patient enters the operating room.
Evaluation of Incontinence after Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy: Using the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire Short Form and Noting the Number of Safety Pads Needed by Japanese Patients.
Hikita, Katsuya; Honda, Masashi; Kawamoto, Bunya; Tsounapi, Panagiota; Muraoka, Kuniyasu; Sejima, Takehiro; Takenaka, Atsushi
The definition of continence after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP) has not been consistently defined, with many studies only noting the amount of safety pads used. We therefore examined what definition of continence would be appropriate, employing both the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire Short Form (ICIQ-SF) and the number of pads used by patients. We also evaluated the relationship between the number of pads used and degree of incontinence. Patients who underwent RARP between October 2010 and July 2014 in our department were included in the present study. All patients were evaluated by ICIQ-SF and the number of pads used 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery. Frequency of incontinence and amount of incontinence were evaluated by ICIQ-SF Questions 1 and 2 respectively at 12 months. Quality of life (QOL) was evaluated by ICIQ-SF Question 3 at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after RARP. The overall study population was 156 patients. In Question 1, 19 patients answered that they leaked urine several times a day, but 5 patients did not use pads, and 8 patients were using only 1 pad a day. In Question 2, 8 patients answered that they leaked a moderate amount of urine, but 2 patients did not use any pads, and 3 patients used only 1 pad a day. QOL showed significant differences between using no pad, 1 pad, or ≥ 2 pads at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after RARP. Simply noting the number of pads used by a patient is an insufficient way to evaluate incontinence after RARP. Assessment by an appropriate questionnaire is also needed.
Laparoscopic-assisted percutaneous internal ring ligation in children. Mostafa A. Hamad a,b. , Mohamed A. Osman a,b and Mahmoud Abdelhamed a,b. Aim To evaluate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic ligation of internal ring in congenital inguinal hernia in children. Patients and methods Laparoscopic ...
Bernie, Jonathan E.; Venkatesh, Ramakrishna; Brown, James; GARDNER, THOMAS A.; Sundaram, Chandru P.
Objectives: The benefits of laparoscopic surgery with robotic assistance (da Vinci Robotic Surgical System, Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA) includes elimination of tremor, motion scaling, 3D laparoscopic vision, and instruments with 7 degrees of freedom. The benefit of robotic assistance could be most pronounced with reconstructive procedures, such as pyeloplasty. We aimed to compare laparoscopic pyeloplasty, with and without robotic assistance, during a surgeon's initial experience to det...
Levic, Katarina; Donatsky, Anders Meller; Bulut, Orhan
INTRODUCTION: Conventional laparoscopic surgery is the treatment of choice for many abdominal procedures. To further reduce surgical trauma, new minimal invasive procedures such as single-port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS) and robotic assisted laparoscopic surgery (RALS) have emerged. The aim...
Full Text Available Abstract Background The objective of this study was to develop a modified retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy and compare its results with the previous technique. Methods One hundred retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomies were performed from February 2007 to October 2011. The previous technique was performed in 60 cases (Group 1. The modified technique (n = 40 included fast access to the renal pedicle according to several anatomic landmarks and early ligation of renal vessels (Group 2. The mean operation time, mean blood loss, duration of hospital stay conversion rate and complication rate were compared between the groups. Results No significant differences were detected regarding mean patient age, mean body mass index, and tumor size between the two groups (P >0.05. The mean operation time was 59.5 ± 20.0 and 39.5 ± 17.5 minutes, respectively, in Groups 1 and 2 (P P P >0.05. Conclusions Early ligature using fast access to the renal vessels during retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy contributed to less operation time and intraoperative blood loss compared with the previous technique. In addition, the modified technique permits the procedure to be performed following the principles of open radical nephrectomy.
Malinowski, Andrzej; Bobin, Leszek; Maciołek-Blewniewska, Grazyna
The objective of this publication was the analysis of laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomies (LAVH) performed in Department of Surgical and Endoscopic Gynecology of Polish Mother Health Centre Research Institute. There was the analysis of 57 LAVHs performed from June 2002 to December 2003. Following parameters were evaluated: indications to LAVH, operating time, weight of the removed uterus, complications, blood loss, duration of postoperative hospitalisation, the day of introducing general diet, anesthetic and antibiotic demand in postoperative period. There were indications to LAVH: fibroid uterus, endometrial hyperplasia, endometrial cancer, adnexal mass, cervix dysplasia. Previous laparotomy and caesarean section, endometriosis, narrow vagina of non-parous women were additional indications to use of laparoscopy during the operation. Complications were found in two (3,5%) cases: bleeding to abdominal cavity from infundibulo-pelvic ligament demanding reoperation and superficial epigastric artery injury no demanding reoperation. There were no infection, conversion to laparotomy, abdominal cavity organs injury and other complications. It was observed short time of introducing general diet, low anesthetic consumption and short post-operation stay in hospital (mean 3,6 days). Laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy is an operation with a small risk of intra- and postoperative complications, quick return to general diet and full life activity, short post-operation stay in hospital, low anesthetic consumption and good cosmetic effect. Use of laparoscopic stage in vaginal hysterectomy make possible evasion of laparotomy in the situation of impossible performance of ordinary vaginal hysterectomy.
Choussein, Souzana; Srouji, Serene S; Farland, Leslie V; Wietsma, Ashley; Missmer, Stacey A; Hollis, Michael; Yu, Richard N; Pozner, Charles N; Gargiulo, Antonio R
To examine whether a robotic surgical platform can complement the fine motor skills of the nondominant hand, compensating for the innate difference in dexterity between surgeon's hands, thereby conferring virtual ambidexterity. Crossover intervention study (Canadian Task Force classification II-1). Centers for medical simulation in 2 tertiary care hospitals of Harvard Medical School. Three groups of subjects were included: (1) surgical novices (medical graduates with no robotic/laparoscopic experience); (2) surgeons in training (postgraduate year 3-4 residents and fellows with intermediate robotic and laparoscopic experience); and (3) advanced surgeons (attending surgeons with extensive robotic and laparoscopic experience). Each study group completed 3 dry laboratory exercises based on exercises included in the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) curriculum. Each exercise was completed 4 times: using the dominant and nondominant hands, on a standard laparoscopic FLS box trainer, and in a robotic dry laboratory setup. Participants were randomized to the handedness and setting order in which they tackled the tasks. Performance was primarily measured as time to completion, with adjustments based on errors. Means of performance for the dominant versus nondominant hand for each task were calculated and compared using repeated-measures analysis of variance. A total of 36 subjects were enrolled (12 per group). In the laparoscopic setting, the mean overall time to completion of all 3 tasks with the dominant hand differed significantly from that with the nondominant hand (439.4 seconds vs 568.4 seconds; p = .0008). The between-hand performance difference was nullified with the robotic system (374.4 seconds vs 399.7 seconds; p = .48). The evaluation of performance for each individual task also revealed a statistically significant disparate performance between hands for all 3 tasks when the laparoscopic approach was used (p = .003, .02, and .01
MaryEllen T. Dolat
Full Text Available We present a report of a completely intracorporeal robotic-assisted laparoscopic ileovesicostomy with long term follow-up. The patient was a 55-year-old man with paraplegia secondary to tropical spastic paresis resulting neurogenic bladder dysfunction. The procedure was performed using a da Vinci Surgical system (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA and took 330 minutes with an estimated blood loss of 100 mL. The patient recovered without perioperative complications. He continues to have low pressure drainage without urethral incontinence over two years postoperatively.
Smolarek, Sebastian; Salih, Abdelmonim; Kazanowski, Michal; Walsh, Thomas N
For many years, open gastrectomy with lymphadenectomy was the gold standard treatment for gastric cancer. In recent years, however, laparoscopic assisted total gastrectomy with associated D2 lymphadenectomy has gained in popularity. It has a similar oncological outcome to open resection, but has all of the added advantages of a laparoscopic procedure, such as early mobilisation, less postoperative pain and shorter hospital stay. This article describes the operative techniques, including key procedure steps, as well as a guide for using the new OrVil device for the laparoscopic creation of the oesophago-jejunal anastomosis. A video of a laparoscopic assisted total gastrectomy is presented.
expense than the completely laparoscopic technique, with a shorter operating time as an added advantage. The aim of our study is to evaluate the feasibility of laparoscopic-assisted appendicectomy (LAA) using the two-port technique under local anesthesia in adults. As a pilot study we included a selected group of patients ...
S. V. Gautier
Full Text Available The first experience of hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is described in the article. A new technique of the operation and it’s results are discussed in details. Advantages of this type of the operation in comparison with open and full laparoscopic techniques are presented.
Park, Jeong-Yeol; Kim, Dae-Yeon; Kim, Jong-Hyeok; Kim, Yong-Man; Kim, Young-Tak; Nam, Joo-Hyun
To compare the surgical and oncological outcomes of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy and open radical hysterectomy in obese women with early-stage cervical cancer. The medical records of 166 patients with stage IA2-IIA2 cervical cancer and a body mass index of at least 30 who underwent laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (n=54) or open radical hysterectomy (n=112) at the Asan Medical Center between 1998 and 2011 were reviewed. None of the patients in the laparoscopic radical hysterectomy group required conversion to laparotomy. The resection margin was negative in 98.1% of the laparoscopic radical hysterectomy group and 98.2% of the open radical hysterectomy group (P=.976). No difference between the two groups was observed in terms of operating time, perioperative hemoglobin level change, transfusion requirement, or the number of retrieved lymph nodes. Compared with open radical hysterectomy, laparoscopic radical hysterectomy was associated with a significant reduction in the following: interval to return of bowel movements (2 days compared with 2.7 days, Pobese women with early-stage cervical cancer because it is associated with a more favorable surgical outcome without compromising survival outcomes. II.
Caruso, Stefano; Patriti, Alberto; Roviello, Franco; De Franco, Lorenzo; Franceschini, Franco; Coratti, Andrea; Ceccarelli, Graziano
Radical gastrectomy with an adequate lymphadenectomy is the main procedure which makes it possible to cure patients with resectable gastric cancer (GC). A number of randomized controlled trials and meta-analysis provide phase III evidence that laparoscopic gastrectomy is technically safe and that it yields better short-term outcomes than conventional open gastrectomy for early-stage GC. While laparoscopic gastrectomy has become standard therapy for early-stage GC, especially in Asian countries such as Japan and South Korea, the use of minimally invasive techniques is still controversial for the treatment of more advanced tumours, principally due to existing concerns about its oncological adequacy and capacity to carry out an adequately extended lymphadenectomy. Some intrinsic drawbacks of the conventional laparoscopic technique have prevented the worldwide spread of laparoscopic gastrectomy for cancer and, despite technological advances in recent year, it remains a technically challenging procedure. The introduction of robotic surgery over the last ten years has implied a notable mutation of certain minimally invasive procedures, making it possible to overcome some limitations of the traditional laparoscopic technique. Robot-assisted gastric resection with D2 lymph node dissection has been shown to be safe and feasible in prospective and retrospective studies. However, to date there are no high quality comparative studies investigating the advantages of a robotic approach to GC over traditional laparoscopic and open gastrectomy. On the basis of the literature review here presented, robot-assisted surgery seems to fulfill oncologic criteria for D2 dissection and has a comparable oncologic outcome to traditional laparoscopic and open procedure. Robot-assisted gastrectomy was associated with the trend toward a shorter hospital stay with a comparable morbidity of conventional laparoscopic and open gastrectomy, but randomized clinical trials and longer follow-ups are
Ferhi, K; Rouprêt, M; Rode, J; Misraï, V; Lebeau, T; Richard, F; Vaessen, C
From 2000, the robot-assisted laparoscopic approach has been developed for the management of ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UJO) with equivalent outcomes to conventional laparoscopic access regarding functional results. This system has simplified the suturing and has improved the precision of operative technique. The main surgical steps of the transperitoneal laparoscopic robot-assisted pyeloplasty are as follows: four or five port arrangement; initial dissection and early identification of the ureteropelvic junction; renal pelvis section; transection of the ureter and preparation of a spatula; continuous posterior suture; confection of a handle racket suture; placement of a double J stent; ending of the anastomosis. Outcomes after robotic and pure laparoscopic pyeloplasties are equivalent nowadays. Despite the financial cost, it seems easier and technically feasible and accessible for surgeons accustomed to the laparoscopic techniques and even beginners to learn the robotic technique if the system is available in their institution with success rate (radiologic and clinical) almost similar with those obtain with open techniques.
Dimofte, Mihail-Gabriel; Porumb, Vlad; Nicolescu, Simona; Ristescu, Irina; Lunca, Sorinel
New therapeutic protocols for patients with end-stage Parkinson disease include a carbidopa/levodopa combination using continuous, modulated enteral administration via a portable pump. The typical approach involves a percutaneous endoscopic transgastrostomy jejunostomy (PEG-J), which requires a combination of procedures designed to ensure that no organ is interposed between the abdominal wall and the gastric surface. Lack of transillumination in maximal endoscopic light settings is a major contraindication for PEG-J, and we decided to use a different approach to establish enteric access for long-term medication delivery via pump, using a minimally invasive procedure. In all patients, we performed a laparoscopic-assisted percutaneous transgastrostomy jejunostomy (LAPEG-J) after an unsuccessful endoscopic transillumination. Five patients with end-stage Parkinson disease were referred to our department after successful therapeutic testing with administration of levodopa/carbidopa via naso-jejunal tube. All patients failed the endoscopic transillumination during the endoscopic procedure and were considered for LAPEG-J. In all patients, the LAPEG-J procedure was uneventful. The most common reason identified for failed transillumination was a high position of the stomach, followed by interposition of the liver or colon between the stomach and anterior abdominal wall. There were no complications regarding the LAPEG-J procedure, and all patients were discharged during the second postprocedural day. LAPEG-J provides a simple and safe option for placing a jejunostomy after an unsuccessful PEG-J attempt.
Rodríguez-Sanjuán, Juan C; Gómez-Ruiz, Marcos; Trugeda-Carrera, Soledad; Manuel-Palazuelos, Carlos; López-Useros, Antonio; Gómez-Fleitas, Manuel
Laparoscopic surgery is applied today worldwide to most digestive procedures. In some of them, such as cholecystectomy, Nissen’s fundoplication or obesity surgery, laparoscopy has become the standard in practice. In others, such as colon or gastric resection, the laparoscopic approach is frequently used and its usefulness is unquestionable. More complex procedures, such as esophageal, liver or pancreatic resections are, however, more infrequently performed, due to the high grade of skill necessary. As a result, there is less clinical evidence to support its implementation. In the recent years, robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery has been increasingly applied, again with little evidence for comparison with the conventional laparoscopic approach. This review will focus on the complex digestive procedures as well as those whose use in standard practice could be more controversial. Also novel robot-assisted procedures will be updated. PMID:26877605
Rodríguez-Sanjuán, Juan C; Gómez-Ruiz, Marcos; Trugeda-Carrera, Soledad; Manuel-Palazuelos, Carlos; López-Useros, Antonio; Gómez-Fleitas, Manuel
Laparoscopic surgery is applied today worldwide to most digestive procedures. In some of them, such as cholecystectomy, Nissen's fundoplication or obesity surgery, laparoscopy has become the standard in practice. In others, such as colon or gastric resection, the laparoscopic approach is frequently used and its usefulness is unquestionable. More complex procedures, such as esophageal, liver or pancreatic resections are, however, more infrequently performed, due to the high grade of skill necessary. As a result, there is less clinical evidence to support its implementation. In the recent years, robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery has been increasingly applied, again with little evidence for comparison with the conventional laparoscopic approach. This review will focus on the complex digestive procedures as well as those whose use in standard practice could be more controversial. Also novel robot-assisted procedures will be updated.
Novara, Giacomo; Catto, James W F; Wilson, Timothy
CONTEXT: Although open radical cystectomy (ORC) is still the standard approach, laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) and robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) have gained popularity. OBJECTIVE: To report a systematic literature review and cumulative analysis of perioperative outcomes and comp......CONTEXT: Although open radical cystectomy (ORC) is still the standard approach, laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) and robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) have gained popularity. OBJECTIVE: To report a systematic literature review and cumulative analysis of perioperative outcomes...... comparing RARC with either ORC or LRC were collected. Cumulative analysis was conducted. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: The searches retrieved 105 papers. According to the different diversion type, overall mean operative time ranged from 360 to 420 min. Similarly, mean blood loss ranged from 260 to 480 ml. Mean in...... complications are common. Cumulative analyses demonstrated that operative time was shorter with ORC, whereas RARC may provide some advantages in terms of blood loss and transfusion rates and, more limitedly, for postoperative complication rates over ORC and LRC. PATIENT SUMMARY: Although open radical cystectomy...
Mar 3, 2011 ... SUMMARY. Ureteric injury is one of the most common complications of hysterectomy, both in open ... the laparoscopic hysterectomy (abdominal or vaginal approaches) is ... primary end to end anastomosis due big gap, the.
Lima, Geraldo José DE Souza; Leite, Rodrigo Fabiano Guedes; Abras, Gustavo Munayer; Pires, Livio José Suretti; Castro, Eduardo Godoy
The role of laparoscopy in the modern surgery era is well established. With the prospect of being able to improve the already privileged current situation, new alternatives have been proposed, such as natural orifice endoscopic surgery (NOTES), the method for single transumbilical access (LESS - Laparo-endoscopic single-site surgery) and minilaparoscopy (MINI). The technique proposed by the authors uses a laparoscope with an operative channel like the flexible endoscope used in NOTES. All operative times are carried out through the umbilical trocar as in LESS, and assisted by a minilaparoscopy grasper. This new technic combines, and results from, the rationalization of technical particularities and synergy of these three approaches, seeking to join their advantages and minimize their disadvantages. RESUMO O papel da videolaparoscopia na era moderna da cirurgia encontra-se bem estabelecido. Com a perspectiva de ser possível melhorar a já privilegiada situação atual, novas alternativas têm sido propostas, como a cirurgia por orifícios naturais (NOTES), o método por acesso único transumbilical (LESS - Laparo-endoscopic single-site surgery) e a minilaparoscopia (MINI). A técnica proposta pelos autores utiliza-se de óptica com canal de trabalho como o endoscópio flexível do NOTES, executa-se todos os tempos operatórios pelo trocarte umbilical, como no LESS, e é assistido por pinça de minilaparoscopia. Esta nova técnica combina e resulta da racionalização de particularidades técnicas e do sinergismo destas três abordagens, buscando agregar suas vantagens e minimizar as suas desvantagens.
Full Text Available Background. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in men. As new focal therapies become more popular in treatment of prostate cancer, failure cases requiring salvage therapy with either surgical or other techniques are being reported. Objective. To report the options in treatment of prostate cancer after recurrence or failure of the primary treatment modality. Methods. We report a salvage robotic assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP for prostate cancer recurrence following high intensity focused ultrasound treatment (HIFU in the United States. Results. A 67-year-old man who underwent HIFU treatment for prostate adenocarcinoma 2 years prior was presented with a rising prostate specific antigen of 6.1 ng/mL to our clinic. A biopsy proven recurrent disease in the area of previous treatment documented the failure of treatment. The patient elected to undergo a salvage RALP. The operation time was 159 minutes. The patient was discharged from the hospital on postoperative day 1 with no complications. The catheter was removed on post-op day 10. The patient reserved sexual function and urinary continence. The PSA levels on 6 months’ follow-up are undetectable. Conclusions. Salvage RALP is an effective and safe treatment choice for recurrent prostate adenocarcinoma following failed HIFU treatment if operated by an experienced surgeon.
Tolstrup, Rikke; Funder, Jonas Amstrup; Lundbech, Liselotte; Thomassen, Niels; Iversen, Lene Hjerrild
In order to improve the surgical treatment of rectal cancer, robot-assisted laparoscopy has been introduced. The robot has gained widespread use; however, the scientific basis for treatment of rectal cancer is still unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate whether robot-assisted laparoscopic rectal resection cause less perioperative pain than standard laparoscopic resection measured by the numerical rating scale (NRS score) as well as morphine consumption. Fifty-one patients were randomized to either laparoscopic or robot-assisted rectal resection at the Department of Surgery at Aarhus University Hospital in Denmark. The intra-operative analgetic consumption was recorded prospectively and registered in patient records. Likewise all postoperative medicine administration including analgesia was recorded prospectively at the hospital medical charts. All morphine analogues were converted into equivalent oral morphine by a converter. Postoperative pain where measured by numeric rating scale (NRS) every hour at the postoperative care unit and three times a day at the ward. Opioid consumption during operation was significantly lower during robotic-assisted surgery than during laparoscopic surgery (p=0.0001). However, there were no differences in opioid consumption or NRS in the period of recovery. We found no differences in length of surgery between the two groups; however, ten patients from the laparoscopic group underwent conversion to open surgery compared to one from the robotic group (p=0.005). No significant difference between groups with respect to complications where found. In the present study, we found that patients who underwent rectal cancer resection by robotic technique needed less analgetics during surgery than patients operated laparoscopically. We did, however, not find any difference in postoperative pain score or morphine consumption postoperatively between the robotic and laparoscopic group.
Full Text Available Objective. To compare the safety, efficacy, and direct cost during the introduction of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy within an enhanced recovery pathway. Methods. A 1 : 1 single centre retrospective case control study of 36 propensity matched pairs of patients receiving open or laparoscopic surgery for early cervical cancer. Results. There were no significant differences in the baseline characteristics of the two cohorts. Open surgery cohort had significantly higher intraoperative blood loss (189 versus 934 mL and longer postoperative hospital stay (2.3 versus 4.1 days. Although no significant difference in the intraoperative or postoperative complications was found more urinary tract injuries were recorded in the laparoscopic cohort. Laparoscopic surgery had significantly longer duration (206 versus 159 minutes, lower lymph node harvest (12.6 versus 16.9, and slower bladder function recovery. The median direct hospital cost was £4850 for laparoscopic radical hysterectomy and £4400 for open surgery. Conclusions. Laparoscopic radical hysterectomy can be safely introduced in an enhanced recovery environment without significant increase in perioperative morbidity. The 10% higher direct hospital cost is not statistically significant and is expected to even out when indirect costs are included.
Park, Ji Yeon; Ryu, Keun Won; Reim, Daniel; Eom, Bang Wool; Yoon, Hong Man; Rho, Ji Yoon; Choi, Il Ju; Kim, Young-Woo
The adoption of robotic systems for gastric cancer surgery has been proven feasible and safe; however, a benefit over the laparoscopic approach has not yet been well-documented. We aimed to investigate the surgical outcomes of robotic versus laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer, according to the extent of surgery and patients' obesity status. Between January 2009 and July 2011, 770 patients were enrolled in this retrospective analysis. All had stage IA/IB gastric cancer preoperatively and underwent either laparoscopic (n = 622) or robotic (n = 148) gastrectomy. Patients were classified into obese and non-obese groups on the basis of visceral fat area (VFA). The extent of surgery was defined by whether patients underwent distal or total gastrectomy. The surgical outcomes following distal gastrectomy were similar between the robotic and laparoscopic groups regardless of the obesity status. After total gastrectomy, the number of total and N2-area lymph nodes were significantly higher in the robotic group than in the laparoscopic group in non-obese patients with VFA obese population. Robotic group developed less severe complications after total gastrectomy compared to laparoscopic group in non-obese patients (p = 0.036). Robotic assistance did not improve surgical outcomes over the laparoscopic approach in obese patients undergoing distal gastrectomy. However, non-obese patients with low VFA may benefit from robotic assistance during total gastrectomy in terms of radical D2 lymphadenectomy with fewer serious complications.
Full Text Available Laparoscopic surgery has been used extensively since it was first applied in the 1980s. The advantages are generally accepted and include less pain, smaller incisions, faster recovery, and shorter hospital stays. However, several limitations associated with standard laparoscopic surgery (SLS have become apparent and include the loss of tactile sensation, problems with the removal of bulky and intact specimens, and the restriction of visualization of the entire operating field. These problems with SLS helped to inspire the development of laparoscopically assisted surgery followed by hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS. In a hand-assisted laparoscopic procedure, an incision is made in the patient’s abdomen. Then, a uniquely designed appliance is introduced into the abdominal cavity through the incision to maintain pneumoperitoneum. With the inserting hand, surgeons can provide manual exposure, traction, palpation, and dissection because of the feedback of tactile sensation. HALS has gained acceptance for a wide range of abdominal procedures in general surgery and urology and is now feasible for complicated surgeries such as splenectomy, nephroureterectomy, and colectomy. It has been demonstrated in numerous specialties that HALS is a safe and efficacious technique that combines the benefits of laparoscopy with the advantages of a conventional laparotomy. Standard laparoscopic surgery also has limitations in gynecological surgery. A patient may have high risks with conventional laparoscopic surgery when she has deep invasive endometriosis, multiple or massive myoma, or dense pelvic adhesions from prior surgery. HALS overcomes many of the aforementioned limitations, has less conversion to open surgery, and broadens the indications for minimally invasive surgery, not only for benign tumors but also for pelvic malignancies.
Giavarini, Luisa; Boni, Luigi; Cortellezzi, Camillo Claudio; Segato, Sergio; Cassinotti, Elisa; Rausei, Stefano; Dionigi, Gianlorenzo; Rovera, Francesca; Marzorati, Alessandro; Spampatti, Sebastiano; Sambucci, Daniele; Dionigi, Renzo
Cancer is a potential evolution of adenomatous polyps, that is why nowadays screening programs for colorectal cancer are widely diffused. Colonoscopy is the gold standard procedure for identifying and resecting polyps; however, for some polyps resection during colonoscopy is not possible. The aim of the present study is to identify a fast and safe procedure for endoscopically resecting unresectable polyps. Patients with endoscopically unresectable polyps were scheduled for laparoscopic wedge resection under colonoscopic assistance. From November 2010 to November 2012 we treated 15 patients with endoscopically unresectable adenomatous polyps. All patients underwent a laparoscopic caecal wedge resection with intraoperative endoscopic assistance. All procedures were completed without complications and in all cases complete resection of the polyps was achieved. Laparoscopic wedge caecal resection with intraoperative colonoscopy is a fast and safe procedure that can be performed for large polyps that could not be treated endoscopically. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd and Surgical Associates Ltd. All rights reserved.
Iselin, Christophe E; Schoofs, Fabian; Windisch, Olivier L; Wirth, Gregory M
Known for its significant morbidity, radical cystectomy must improve minimally invasively. Rapidly but sporadically initiated at the beginning of the robotic era 15 years ago, laparoscopic cystectomy-urinary diversion has slowly progressed technically. It is actually optimally standardized to be entirely performed intra-corporealy. Its technical difficulty remaining high, robotic cystectomy should remain in expert hands with a significant recruitement to remain performant.
Shiroki, Ryoichi; Fukami, Naohiko; Fukaya, Kosuke; Kusaka, Mamoru; Natsume, Takahiro; Ichihara, Takashi; Toyama, Hiroshi
Nephron-sparing surgery has been proven to positively impact the postoperative quality of life for the treatment of small renal tumors, possibly leading to functional improvements. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is still one of the most demanding procedures in urological surgery. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy sometimes results in extended warm ischemic time and severe complications, such as open conversion, postoperative hemorrhage and urine leakage. Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy exploits the advantages offered by the da Vinci Surgical System to laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, equipped with 3-D vision and a better degree in the freedom of surgical instruments. The introduction of the da Vinci Surgical System made nephron-sparing surgery, specifically robot-assisted partial nephrectomy, safe with promising results, leading to the shortening of warm ischemic time and a reduction in perioperative complications. Even for complex and challenging tumors, robotic assistance is expected to provide the benefit of minimally-invasive surgery with safe and satisfactory renal function. Warm ischemic time is the modifiable factor during robot-assisted partial nephrectomy to affect postoperative kidney function. We analyzed the predictive factors for extended warm ischemic time from our robot-assisted partial nephrectomy series. The surface area of the tumor attached to the kidney parenchyma was shown to significantly affect the extended warm ischemic time during robot-assisted partial nephrectomy. In cases with tumor-attached surface area more than 15 cm(2) , we should consider switching robot-assisted partial nephrectomy to open partial nephrectomy under cold ischemia if it is imperative. In Japan, a nationwide prospective study has been carried out to show the superiority of robot-assisted partial nephrectomy to laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in improving warm ischemic time and complications. By facilitating robotic technology, robot-assisted partial nephrectomy
Aim: Nowadays laparoscopic-assisted appendicectomy using the two-port technique is gaining popularity due to its certain benefits over the open version. General anesthesia with positive pressure ventilation is the preferred mode of anesthesia in this technique. We conducted a pilot study using the two-port technique in ...
Kang, So Yeon; Jeung, In-Cheul; Chung, Youn-Jee; Kim, Hyun-Kyung; Lee, Chae Rim; Mansukhani, Tanvi S; Kim, Mee-Ran
To evaluate the efficacy of robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy for deep intramural myomas. We have conducted a retrospective study for 170 patients who underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy by a single operator of tertiary university hospital. There were 100 cases of robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy for deep intramural myomas. The patients had 3.8±3.5 myomas on average, and the mean size of the largest myoma of each patient was 7.5±2.1 centimeters in diameter. Mean operative time was 276.4±97.1 minutes, and mean console time was 146.0±62.7 minutes. Thirty two patients had surgeries for other gynecologic conditions such as pelvic endometriosis or endometrial polyps along with myomectomy at the same time. All the patients recovered without any major complication. After the surgery, nine(75.0 %) of the 12 women pursuing a pregnancy became pregnant. Robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy for deep intramural myomas could be a minimal invasive surgical option for women who wish preserve fertility. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Zhou, Han-Xin; Guo, Yue-Hua; Yu, Xiao-Fang; Bao, Shi-Yun; Liu, Jia-Lin; Zhang, Yue; Ren, Yong-Gong
The robotic surgical system overcomes many technological obstacles of conventional laparoscopic surgery, and possesses enormous clinical applied potential. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of Zeus robot-assisted laparoscopic cholecystectomy with conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Forty patients undergoing elective cholecystectomy were randomly divided into two groups. Patients in group A (n=20) underwent Zeus robot-assisted laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and patients in group B (n=20) received conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The parameters on operative field, operative time, the number of actions, the rate of operative errors and minimal trauma were evaluated and compared between the two groups. The number of clearing camera (1.1+/-1.0 times) and the time of adjusting the operative field (2.2+/-0.7 minutes) in group A were significantly less than those (4.5+/-1.5 times) and (7.5+/-1.2 minutes) in group B. The number of dissection actions (337+/-86 times) and the rate of operative errors (10%) in group A were less than those (389+/-94 times), (25%) in group B. The total operation time (104.9+/-20.5 minutes) and setup time (29.5+/-9.8 minutes) in group A were significantly longer than those (78.6+/-17.1 minutes), (12.6+/-2.5 minutes) in group B. Blood loss and postoperative hospitalization were similar. No postoperative complications occurred in both groups, and open cholecystectomy was performed in each group. Zeus robot-assisted cholecystectomy inherits the benefits of minimally invasive surgery. The Zeus robotic surgical system is better than conventional laparoscopic technique in controlling the operative field and can be manipulated precisely and stably though it requires more operative time.
Pathak, Ram A; Patel, Manish; Hemal, Ashok K
Port placement for robot-assisted laparoscopic urologic surgery can be critical to effective completion of the minimally invasive procedure. An ideal port template would allow unhampered access to all critical structures during surgery, easy access for the bedside assistant, and minimization of arm collision with the fewest ports necessary to minimize cosmetic impact. We present a comprehensive plan for the placement of ports across different procedures for a variety of upper tract (radical/partial nephrectomy, retroperitoneal radical/partial nephrectomy, and pyeloplasty), lower tract (prostatectomy, and cystectomy), combined upper/lower tract (nephroureterectomy, retroperitoneal lymph node dissection), and female pelvic surgeries. Optimal exploitation of these tips across the different procedures for different generations of robots will help in effective execution of robotic urologic surgery.
Shashoua, Abraham R; Gill, Diana; Locher, Stephen R
To compare patient characteristics, operative variables, and outcomes of 24 patients who underwent robotic-assisted total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) with 44 patients who underwent conventional TLH. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 44 patients with TLH and 24 patients with robotic TLH. Robotic TLH was associated with a shorter hospital stay (1.0 vs 1.4 days, P=0.011) and a significant decrease in narcotic use (1.2 vs 5.0 units, P=0.002). EBL and droP in hemoglobin were not significantly different. The operative time was significantly longer in patients undergoing robotic TLH (142.2 vs 122.1 minutes, P=0.027). However, only need for laparoscopic morcellation, BMI, and uterine weight, not robotic use, were independently associated with increased operative times. Robotic hysterectomy can be performed safely with comparable operative times to those of conventional laparoscopic hysterectomy. Postoperative measures were improved over measures for conventional laparoscopy.
Torricelli, Fabio Cesar Miranda; Batista, Lucas T; Colombo, Jose Roberto; Coelho, Rafael Ferreira
Purpose To report the first case of robotic-assisted laparoscopic management of a symptomatic caliceal diverticular calculus and review the literature on laparoscopic treatment for this condition. Case report A 33-year-old obese woman with a 2×1 cm calculus within an anterior caliceal diverticulum located in the middle pole of the left kidney was referred to our service. She had already undergone two flexible ureterorenoscopies without success. We considered that a percutaneous approach would be very challenging due to stone location, thus we elected to perform a robotic-assisted laparoscopic procedure for stone removal and diverticulum fulguration. The procedure was uneventfully performed with no intraoperative or postoperative complications. The patient was discharged from the hospital on the second postoperative day and after 1.5 years of follow-up she is asymptomatic with no recurrence. Conclusions The robotic-assisted laparoscopic approach to caliceal diverticular calculi is feasible and safe, providing one more option for treatment of stones in challenging locations. PMID:25188925
Reardon, P R; Scarborough, T K; Matthews, B D; Marti, J L; Preciado, A
Laparoscopy has potential benefit in the placement of ventriculoperitoneal shunts. In patients who have undergone multiple shunt revisions or other abdominal operations, laparoscopy may be particularly beneficial when finding of a suitable area in which to place the shunt is a concern. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopically assisted ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement, with an emphasis on using 2-mm instrumentation. Laparoscopically assisted ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement using 2-mm instrumentation was performed in eight adult hydrocephalus patients from August 1996 to September 1998. All eight patients had undergone 1 to 18 prior shunt revisions. The procedures were performed with two 2-mm trocars. The instrumentation consisted of a 2-mm laparoscope, a 2-mm grasper, and 2-mm scissors. All shunts were placed in an area free of adhesions and checked for flow under direct vision. Four of the patients required a lysis of adhesions to create a space adequate for catheter placement. All of the procedures were successful, with no operative complications. The operative times ranged from 29 to 99 min, (mean, 63 min). The blood loss in all of the procedures was minimal. At this writing, none of the patients have required subsequent distal shunt revisions. No conversions to larger instruments or an open procedure were required. Laparoscopically assisted ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement using 2-mm instrumentation is safe and effective, offering several advantages over the open procedure. This procedure is ideal for the use of 2-mm instruments.
José Anastácio Dias Neto
Full Text Available ABSTRACT Introduction: This study analyzed the impact of the experience with Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy (RALP on the initial experience with Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy (LRP by examining perioperative results and early outcomes of 110 patients. LRPs were performed by two ro-botic fellowship trained surgeons with daily practice in RALP. Patients and Methods: 110 LRP were performed to treat aleatory selected patients. The patients were divided into 4 groups for prospective analyses. A transperitoneal approach that simulates the RALP technique was used. Results: The median operative time was 163 minutes (110-240, and this time significantly decreased through case 40, when the time plateaued (p=0.0007. The median blood loss was 250mL. No patients required blood transfusion. There were no life-threatening complications or deaths. Minor complications were uniformly distributed along the series (P=0.6401. The overall positive surgical margins (PSM rate was 28.2% (20% in pT2 and 43.6% in pT3. PSM was in the prostate apex in 61.3% of cases. At the 12-month follow-up, 88% of men were continent (0-1 pad. Conclusions: The present study shows that there are multiple learning curves for LRP. The shallowest learning curve was seen for the operative time. Surgeons transitioning between the RALP and LRP techniques were considered competent based on the low perioperative complication rate, absence of major complications, and lack of blood transfusions. This study shows that a learning curve still exists and that there are factors that must be considered by surgeons transitioning between the two techniques.
Full Text Available Laparoscopic extraperitoneal radical prostatectomy (LERP is considered the standard care treatment option for the management of localized and locally advanced prostatic cancer (PCa in many institutes worldwide. In this work, the main advantages and disadvantages of LERP approach are reviewed with regard to its outcomes, the complication management, the learning curve, and the extend of pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND. It is concluded that LERP demonstrates comparable cancer control, urinary continence, and potency outcomes with the open and the robot-assisted radical prostatectomy, while offering advantages in complication management in comparison to the transperitoneal approach. Learning curve of LERP is considered long and stiff and significantly affects perioperative outcomes and morbidity, cancer control, and functional results. Thus, close mentoring especially in the beginning of the learning curve is advised. Finally, LERP still has a role in the limited or modified PLND offered in intermediate risk PCa patients.
Cem, Basatac; Haluk, Akpinar
Though previous major abdominal surgery and pelvic irradiation may be a significant drawback of subsequent laparoscopic procedure, technological advances such as better visualization and more controlled finer movementsof robotic arms allowing better dissection in robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery may reduce some of these challenges. However, limited data are available on the effect and safety of robotic surgery in these patients. The aim of this case report is to present efficacy and safety of robot assisted radical prostatectomy in a patient who has rectal and concurrent prostate cancer with the history of abdominoperineal resection, pelvic irradiation and adjuvantchemotherapy.
Autorino, Riccardo; Zargar, Homayoun; Kaouk, Jihad H
The aim of the present review is to summarize recent developments in the field of urologic robotic surgery. A nonsystematic literature review was performed to retrieve publications related to robotic surgery in urology and evidence-based critical analysis was conducted by focusing on the literature of the past 5 years. The use of the da Vinci Surgical System, a robotic surgical system, has been implemented for the entire spectrum of extirpative and reconstructive laparoscopic kidney procedures. The robotic approach can be applied for a range of adrenal indications as well as for ureteral diseases, including benign and malignant conditions affecting the proximal, mid, and distal ureter. Current evidence suggests that robotic prostatectomy is associated with less blood loss compared with the open surgery. Besides prostate cancer, robotics has been used for simple prostatectomy in patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia. Recent studies suggest that minimally invasive radical cystectomy provides encouraging oncologic outcomes mirroring those reported for open surgery. In recent years, the evolution of robotic surgery has enabled urologic surgeons to perform urinary diversions intracorporeally. Robotic vasectomy reversal and several other robotic andrological applications are being explored. In summary, robotic-assisted surgery is an emerging and safe technology for most urologic operations. The acceptance of robotic prostatectomy during the past decade has paved the way for urologists to explore the entire spectrum of extirpative and reconstructive urologic procedures. Cost remains a significant issue that could be solved by wider dissemination of the technology. Copyright © 2014 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Full Text Available A successful laparoscopic-assisted cryptorchidectomy is reported in a novel species, the reindeer (Rangifer tarandus. The procedure was performed in an 8-year-old adult positioned in dorsolateral oblique recumbency, with an open approach midline subumbilical placement of the primary 10 mm optical port and carbon dioxide insufflation at 12 mmHg. Three 5 mm instrument ports were inserted under visualization in the left caudal abdomen as the retained testicle was localized to the internal inguinal ring. A 5 mm flexible organ retractor was used to assist in localizing the retained testicle. This procedure provided a less invasive alternative to open laparotomy. The authors are unaware of any published reports of laparoscopy in reindeer, or of laparoscopic assisted cryptorchidectomy in deer species.
Chang-Jackson, Shao-Chun R; Acholonu, Uchenna C; Nezhat, Farr R
As cesarean sections become a more common mode of delivery, they have become the most likely cause of vesicouterine fistula formation. The associated pathology with repeat cesarean deliveries may make repair of these fistulas difficult. Computer-enhanced telesurgery, also known as robotic-assisted surgery, offers a 3-dimensional view of the operative field and allows for intricate movements necessary for complex suturing and dissection. These qualities are advantageous in vesicouterine fistula repair. A healthy 34-year-old woman who underwent 4 cesarean deliveries presented with a persistent vesicouterine fistula. Conservative management with bladder decompression and amenorrhea-inducing agents failed. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic repair was successfully performed with the patient maintaining continence after surgery. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic repair of vesicouterine fistulas offers a minimally invasive approach to treatment of a complex disease process.
A. V. Govorov
Full Text Available In case of recurrence of prostate cancer after radiation therapy patient may be offered salvage radical prostatectomy (both open and laparoscopic/robotic, hormone therapy, and a number of alternative techniques such as salvage cryoablation, HIFU-therapy and brachytherapy. Results of monitoring of patients for 10 years after salvage treatment of prostate cancer are known only after salvage prostatectomy. Technically radical prostatectomy after radiation therapy is associated with a large number of complications if compared with primary radical prostatectomy. The most frequent complications after salvage prostatectomy include incontinence, stricture formation of urethrovesical anastomosis, rectal injury, acute urinary retention and infectious complications.
A. V. Govorov
Full Text Available In case of recurrence of prostate cancer after radiation therapy patient may be offered salvage radical prostatectomy (both open and laparoscopic/robotic, hormone therapy, and a number of alternative techniques such as salvage cryoablation, HIFU-therapy and brachytherapy. Results of monitoring of patients for 10 years after salvage treatment of prostate cancer are known only after salvage prostatectomy. Technically radical prostatectomy after radiation therapy is associated with a large number of complications if compared with primary radical prostatectomy. The most frequent complications after salvage prostatectomy include incontinence, stricture formation of urethrovesical anastomosis, rectal injury, acute urinary retention and infectious complications.
Tachibana, Hidekazu; Takagi, Toshio; Kondo, Tsunenori; Ishida, Hideki; Tanabe, Kazunari
To compare surgical outcomes, including renal function and the preserved renal parenchymal volume, between robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy using propensity score-matched analyses. In total, 253 patients, with a normal contralateral kidney, who underwent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (n = 131) or robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (n = 122) with renal arterial clamping between 2010 and 2015, were included. Patients' background and tumor factors were adjusted by propensity score matching. Surgical outcomes, including postoperative renal function, complications, warm ischemia time and preserved renal parenchymal volume, evaluated by volumetric analysis, were compared between the surgical procedures. After matching, 64 patients were assigned to each group. The mean age was 56-57 years, and the mean tumor size was 22 mm. Approximately 50% of patients had low complexity tumors (RENAL nephrometry score 4-7). The incidence rate of acute kidney failure was significantly lower in the robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (11%) than laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (23%) group (P = 0.049), and warm ischemia time shorter in the robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (17 min) than laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (25 min) group (P robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and 90% for laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (P robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (89%) than laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (77%; P Robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy allows to achieve better preservation of renal function and parenchymal volume than laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. © 2018 The Japanese Urological Association.
Commentary on "Robot-assisted laparoscopic vs open radical cystectomy: Comparison of complications and perioperative oncological outcomes in 200 patients." Kader AK, Richards KA, Krane LS, Pettus JA, Smith JJ, Hemal AK, Division of Urology, UC San Diego Health System, San Diego, CA.: BJU Int 2013; 112(4):E290-4. doi:10.1111/bju.12167. [Epub 2013 Jul 1].
See, William A
To compare perioperative morbidity and oncological outcomes of robot-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy (RARC) to open RC (ORC) at a single institution. A retrospective analysis was performed on a consecutive series of patients undergoing RC (100 RARC and 100 ORC) at Wake Forest University with curative intent from 2006 until 2010. Complication data using the Clavien system were collected for 90 days postoperatively. Complications and other perioperative outcomes were compared between patient groups. Patients in both groups had comparable preoperative characteristics. The overall and major complication (Clavien ≥ 3) rates were lower for RARC patients at 35 vs 57% (P = 0.001) and 10 vs 22% (P = 0.019), respectively. There were no significant differences between groups for pathological outcomes, including stage, number of nodes harvested or positive margin rates. Our data suggest that patients undergoing RARC have perioperative oncological outcomes comparable with ORC, with fewer overall or major complications. Definitive claims about comparative outcomes with RARC require results from larger, randomised controlled trials. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Mateo, E; García-Tello, A; Ramón de Fata, F; Romero, I; Núñez-Mora, C; Angulo, J C
Probably, laparoscopic radical cystectomy with ileal neobladder and neovesicourethral anastomosis is one of the most complex procedures in minimally invasive surgery. Prospective study carried out in 72 patients surgically treated for invasive bladder neoplasia between January 2008 and October 2013. Patients were undergone to radical cystectomy with ileal neobladder (open approach in 33 patients and laparoscopic approach in 39). The study assessed comparatively surgical outcomes, continence rate and postoperative complications. Mean age was 63.5±9 years (64.3 open vs. 62.7 laparoscopic, P=.46) mean surgery time 323.6±78.7 minutes (321.3 vs. 326.5, P=.77), average hospital stay 14.8 days±8,1 (16.2 vs. 13.6, P=.2), transfusion rate 40.3% (66.7% vs. 17.9%, P<.0001) and complications rate 47.2% (63.6% vs. 33.3%, P=.01). Major complications were reported in 29.1% of cases (39.4% open vs. 20,5% laparoscopic, P=.07). With a mean follow-up rate of 42.5±19.2 months (range 15-70), 50 (69.4%) patients remain alive and free of disease. Continence was evaluated in these patients: total continence rate was 38% (50% vs. 27%, P=.09) and diurnal continence rate 58% (70.8% vs. 46.1%, P=.07). Self-catheterization rate was 8% (4.2% vs. 11.5%, P=.67). Total incontinence rate was 34% (25% vs. 42.3%, P=.19). According to our experience, transfusion rate, number and severity of complications are lower in laparoscopic cystectomy with ileal neobladder. No statistically significant impact on operative time and on hospital stay was observed. In patients undergone to laparoscopic approach, continence rate is lower but not statistically significant. Copyright © 2014 AEU. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
Thomsen, Frederik Birkebæk; Berg, Kasper Drimer; Hvarness, Helle
We present our departmental experience with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy and describe complications and early results for the first 239 consecutive patients.......We present our departmental experience with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy and describe complications and early results for the first 239 consecutive patients....
Corriveau, Kayla M; Giuffrida, Michelle A; Mayhew, Philipp D; Runge, Jeffrey J
OBJECTIVE To compare outcomes for laparoscopic ovariectomy (LapOVE) and laparoscopic-assisted ovariohysterectomy (LapOVH) in dogs. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 278 female dogs. PROCEDURES Medical records of female dogs that underwent laparoscopic sterilization between 2003 and 2013 were reviewed. History, signalment, results of physical examination, results of preoperative diagnostic testing, details of the surgical procedure, durations of anesthesia and surgery, intraoperative and immediate postoperative (ie, during hospitalization) complications, and short- (≤ 14 days after surgery) and long-term (> 14 days after surgery) outcomes were recorded. Data for patients undergoing LapOVE versus LapOVH were compared. RESULTS Intraoperative and immediate postoperative complications were infrequent, and incidence did not differ between groups. Duration of surgery for LapOVE was significantly less than that for LapOVH; however, potential confounders were not assessed. Surgical site infection was identified in 3 of 224 (1.3%) dogs. At the time of long-term follow-up, postoperative urinary incontinence was reported in 7 of 125 (5.6%) dogs that underwent LapOVE and 12 of 82 (14.6%) dogs that underwent LapOVH. None of the dogs had reportedly developed estrus or pyometra by the time of final follow-up. Overall, 205 of 207 (99%) owners were satisfied with the surgery, and 196 of 207 (95%) would consider laparoscopic sterilization for their dogs in the future. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Results suggested that short- and long-term outcomes were similar for female dogs undergoing sterilization by means of LapOVE or LapOVH; however, surgery time may have been shorter for dogs that underwent LapOVE. Most owners were satisfied with the outcome of laparoscopic sterilization.
Sato, Masakazu; Koizumi, Minako; Hino, Takahiro; Takahashi, Yu; Nagashima, Natsuki; Itaoka, Nao; Ueshima, Chiharu; Nakata, Maki; Hasumi, Yoko
Laparoscopic surgery is less invasive than open surgery and is now common in various medical fields. However, laparoscopic surgery is more difficult than open surgery and often requires additional time for the operator to achieve mastery. Therefore, we investigated the use of assistive technology for uniform laparoscopic surgery. We used the OpenCV2 library for augmented reality with an ArUco marker to detect and estimate forceps positioning. We used Sense HAT as the gyro sensor. The development platforms used were Mac OS X 10.11.3 and Raspberry Pi 3, model B. By attaching the ArUco marker to the needle holder, we could draw a line vertically to the marker. When the needle was held, a cube could be imagined, and both the needle and lines could be used to determine the appropriate position. By attaching the gyro sensor to the camera, we could detect its angle of rotation. We obtained stabilized images by rotating the image by the detected degrees; this was possible for any camera position. Assistive technology allowed us to obtain consecutive converted images in real time and may be readily applicable to clinical practice. © 2018 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.
Ballantyne, Garth H; Leahy, Patrick F
Hand-assisted laparoscopic colectomy has traversed three phases of distinct development. This review was designed to trace the evolution of hand-assisted colectomy from an infrequently used technique to a clinically useful surgical approach to diseases of the colon and rectum. This review compiles previously reported and published experiences with hand-assisted laparoscopic colectomy. During the first phase of development of hand-assisted laparoscopic colectomy, surgeons explored what could be accomplished by a hand inserted into the abdomen through the specimen extraction site as an adjunct to laparoscopic techniques. Case reports and small trials found that manually assisted laparoscopic techniques permitted more rapid completion of laparoscopic-assisted colectomies. In the second phase, surgeons used early devices that facilitated the insertion of the surgeon's hand into the abdomen and helped to maintain the pneumoperitoneum. Larger series and small, randomized trials indicated a time-saving advantage to hand-assisted techniques and similar short-term outcomes as laparoscopic-assisted colectomies. In the current third phase, surgeons are using a new generation of hand-access devices that extend the options for hand-assisted techniques. These devices, like earlier devices, facilitate hand insertion, protect the wound, act as the retrieval site for the specimen, and serve as the portal for construction of extracorporeal anastomoses. In addition, these new devices can serve as laparoscopic trocar sites. This permits selective use of hand-assisted and laparoscopic-assisted techniques at various times in the same operation. These new devices have not undergone clinical trials, and therefore, a final appraisal must await future publication of outcomes. Hand-assisted laparoscopic colectomy has evolved into a clinically useful surgical technique. New devices facilitate the performance of these operations and permit the surgeon to switch between hand-assisted and
Mullen, Emma; Ahmed, Kamran; Challacombe, Ben
Upper tract urothelial carcinoma is a relatively uncommon malignancy. The gold standard treatment for this type of neoplasm is an open radical nephroureterectomy with excision of the bladder cuff. This systematic review compares the perioperative and oncologic outcomes for the open surgical method with the alternative surgical management options of laparoscopic nephroureterectomy and robot-assisted nephroureterectomy (RANU). MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, and Cochrane Library databases were searched using a sensitive search strategy. Article inclusion was then assessed by review of abstracts and full papers were read if more detail was required. In all, 50 eligible studies were identified that looked at perioperative and oncologic outcomes. The range for estimated blood loss when examining observational studies was 296 to 696 mL for open nephroureterectomy (ONU), 130 to 479 mL for laparoscopic nephroureterectomy (LNU), and 50 to 248 mL for RANU. The one randomized controlled trial identified reported estimated blood loss and length of stay results in which LNU was shown to be superior to ONU (P ONU with regard to oncologic outcomes. Results show that laparoscopic techniques are superior to ONU in perioperative results, and the longer-term oncologic outcomes look comparable. There is, however, a paucity of quality evidence regarding ONU, LNU, and RANU; data that address RANU outcomes are particularly scarce. As the robotic field within urology advances, it is hoped that this technique will be investigated further using gold standard research methods.
Magistro, Carmelo; Lernia, Stefano Di; Ferrari, Giovanni; Zullino, Antonio; Mazzola, Michele; De Martini, Paolo; De Carli, Stefano; Forgione, Antonello; Bertoglio, Camillo Leonardo; Pugliese, Raffaele
Several techniques are described in the literature about laparoscopic treatment of the right colon. Among them, laparoscopic-assisted colectomy (LAC) with creation of an extracorporeal ileocolonic anastomosis remains the favourite approach in most centers. So far, total laparoscopic colectomy (TLC) with intracorporeal anastomosis is not widely performed, because it requires adequate skills and competence in the use of mechanical linear staplers and laparoscopic manual sutures. The purpose of this study was to determine prospectively if TLC offers some advantages in short-term outcomes over LAC. A prospective comparative study was designed for 80 consecutive patients who were alternatively treated with TLC and LAC for right colon neoplasms. The following data were collected: operative time, intra- and postoperative complication rate, time to bowel movement, hospitalization time, length of minilaparotomy, number of harvested lymph nodes, and specimen length. Operative time in TLC resulted significantly longer than in LAC (230 vs. 203 min), complication rate was similar in both groups, with no case of anastomotic dehiscence, two anastomotic bleedings in TLC vs. three in LAC and one case of postoperative ileus for each group. One case of death occurred in LAC patient developing a postoperative severe cardiopulmonary syndrome. Time to first flatus was in favour of TLC (2.2 vs. 2.6 days), whereas hospitalization was comparable. As regards to the oncological parameters of radicality, the specimen length was superior in TLC group, but the number of lymph nodes excised was equivalent. The length of the minilaparotomy was clearly shorter in TLC group (5.5 vs. 7.2 cm). No evidence of relevant differences in terms of functional and safety outcomes between the two laparoscopic procedures. TLC determines less abdominal manipulation and shorter incision length, but clear advantages must be still demonstrated. Larger series are necessary to test the superiority of totally
Fabio C. M. Torricelli
Full Text Available ABSTRACT Introduction and objective Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND is indicated for patients with non-seminomatous germ cell tumor (NSGCT with residual disease after chemotherapy. Although the gold standard approach is still the open surgery, few cases of robot-assisted laparoscopic RPLND have been described. Herein, we aim to present the surgical technique for robot-assisted laparoscopic RPLND. Patient and method A 30 year-old asymptomatic man presented with left testicular swelling for 2 months. Physical examination revealed an enlarged and hard left testis. Alpha-fetoprotein (>1000ng/mL and beta-HCG (>24.000U/L were increased. Beta-HCG increased to >112.000U/L in less than one month. The patient underwent a left orchiectomy. Pathological examination showed a mixed NSGCT (50% embryonal carcinoma; 30% teratoma; 10% yolk sac; 10% choriocarcinoma. Computed tomography scan revealed a large tumor mass close to the left renal hilum (10x4x4cm and others enlarged paracaval and paraortic lymph nodes (T2N3M1S3-stage III. Patient was submitted to 4 cycles of BEP with satisfactory response. Residual mass was suggestive of teratoma. Based on these findings, he was submitted to a robot-assisted RPLND. Results RPLND was uneventfully performed. Operative time was 3.5 hours. Blood loss was minimal, and there were no intra- or postoperative complications. The patient was discharged from hospital in the 1st postoperative day. Pathological examination showed a pure teratoma. After 6 months of follow-up, patient is asymptomatic with an alpha-fetoprotein of 2.9ng/mL and an undetectable beta-HCG. Conclusion Robot-assisted laparoscopic RPLND is a feasible procedure with acceptable morbidity even for post chemotherapy patients when performed by an experienced surgeon.
Busby, J Erik; Brown, Gordon A; Matin, Surena F
Laparoscopic nephroureterectomy (LNU) is an accepted treatment for tumors of the ureter and renal pelvis, although the ability to perform a regional lymphadenectomy has been criticized. We compared the quality of lymphadenectomy with LNU with that involving open nephroureterectomy (ONU) to determine whether oncologic principles are maintained. We searched our institutional database for patients who had undergone ONU from 1990 to 2005. These were compared with a series of patients from January 2003 to April 2007 who underwent LNU. From each patient's medical records, we assessed the number of lymph nodes removed, the number of positive nodes removed, and the density of positive nodes. The differences between groups were analyzed using the Wilcoxon rank sum statistical test. We identified 106 patients who underwent ONU with lymphadenectomy and 28 who underwent LNU with lymphadenectomy. The median number of nodes removed, median number of positive nodes, and median density of positive nodes were, respectively, 3, 0, and 0 for the ONU group; and 6, 0, and 0, for the LNU group. There was a statistically significant difference between groups with respect to the number of nodes removed (P = 0.01) but not with respect to the number of positive nodes removed (P = 0.61) or the lymph node density (P = 0.42). Offsetting the benefits of laparoscopy could be a flawed oncologic technique. We have demonstrated that lymphadenectomy, which is a potentially important component of nephroureterectomy, can be performed as well during LNU as it is with ONU when a dedicated effort is made.
Binet, Aurélien; Fourcade, Laurent; Amar, Sarah; Alzahrani, Khalid; Cook, Ann-Rose; Braïk, Karim; Cros, Jérôme; Longis, Bernard; Villemagne, Thierry; Lardy, Hubert; Ballouhey, Quentin
Laparoscopic fundoplicature for gastroesophageal reflux disease has become the gold standard because of the improvement of postoperative rehabilitation compared with the open procedure. The robot-assisted surgery has brought new advantages for the patient and the surgeon compared with laparoscopy. We studied this new approach and the learning curve. Sixty robot-assisted fundoplicatures were performed in two university pediatric surgery centers. Data of the patients were recorded, including peroperative data (operation length and complications), postoperative recoveries, and clinical evolution. The learning curve was evaluated retrospectively and each variable was compared along this learning curve. We observed a flattening of the learning curve after the 20th case for one surgeon. The mean operative time decreased significantly to 80 ± 10 minutes after 20 cases. There were no conversions to an open procedure. A revision surgery was indicated for 4.7% of the patients by a surgical robot-assisted laparoscopic approach. The robotic system appears to add many advantages for surgical ergonomic procedures. There is a potential benefit in operating time with a short technical apprenticeship period. The setting up system is easy with a short docking time. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
We describe a modification of the Firlit abdominal wall plication procedure for abdominal wall reconstruction in the prune-belly syndrome. Five boys with the prune-belly syndrome and 1 with congenital atrophy or hypotrophy of the internal and external oblique muscles underwent laparoscopic assisted abdominal wall reconstruction. All 6 patients had excellent cosmetic results, with no weakness or sagging of the abdominal wall. Laparoscopy appears to add to the Firlit procedure an increased measure of safety and a possible decrease in morbidity associated with opening the abdomen, and improved precision that enhances the results achieved with the original procedure and other abdominal wall repairs.
Herling, Suzanne Forsyth; Møller, Ann M; Palle, Connie
INTRODUCTION: Robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy (RALH) has become a widely used approach for women with endometrial cancer and has replaced laparotomy. It has been questioned if the increased costs are justified by superior surgical outcomes. The aim of the present study was to examine......-anaesthesia care unit was shorter for patients undergoing RALH. CONCLUSIONS: RALH appears advantageous for women treated for endometrial cancer in terms of post-operative complications. We recommend the use of the Clavien-Dindo classification of surgical outcomes for quality assessment. FUNDING: departmental only...
Alkhateeb, Sultan; Lawrentschuk, Nathan
• Many experts consider that media coverage, marketing and/or direct-to-consumer advertising, particularly Internet-based forms, are fundamental to the widespread adoption of robotic-assisted prostatectomy (RARP). However, this has not been explored previously. • The primary objective of the present study was to delineate the role of media coverage and marketing of RARP on the Internet, whereas the secondary goal focused on website quality with respect to the presentation of prostatectomy. • Website content was evaluated for direct-to-consumer advertising after the retrieval of the first 50 websites using Google and Yahoo for each of the terms: 'robotic prostatectomy, laparoscopic prostatectomy (LP) and open radical prostatectomy (ORP)'. • A linear regression analysis was performed for the annual number of Internet news hits over the last decade for each procedure. Website quality assessment was performed using WHO Honesty on the Internet (HON) code principles. • Of the retrieved sites, the proportion containing direct-to-consumer advertising for RARP vs LP vs ORP using Google was 64% vs 14% vs 0%, respectively (P 0.05). • Media coverage and marketing of RARP on the Internet is more widespread compared to LP and ORP. • Disturbingly, the quality of websites using any technique for prostatectomy was of poor quality when using principles of honest information presenting and such findings need to be discussed with respect to obtaining informed consent from patients. © 2011 THE AUTHORS. BJU INTERNATIONAL © 2011 BJU INTERNATIONAL.
Gorchev, Grigor A; Tomov, Slavcho T; Radionova, Zdravka V; Tanchev, Lachezar S
We describe the operative technique of robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical parametrectomy and analyze perioperative data including adequacy of resections, pathology, and complications in our initial cases. A retrospective study was performed of seven patients with gynecological cancers involving the cervix who had previously been treated with simple hysterectomies and then underwent robotic-assisted radical parametrectomies. Pathology from the initial hysterectomies and the radical parametrectomies was reviewed. Postoperative complications, operative times, estimated blood loss, and length of hospital stay were assessed. The upper part of the vagina, parametrial tissue, and bilateral pelvic lymph nodes of all seven patients who had undergone a previous simple hysterectomy were removed. The mean age was 56.4 (SD ± 10.7) years. Diagnoses from hysterectomy specimens were invasive squamous carcinoma (n = 4), endometrial adenocarcinoma (n = 2), and clear-cell papillary adenocystic cervical carcinoma (n = 1). The median number of lymph nodes removed was 8 (min 4, max 29), and one patient had nodal metastasis. The mean operative time was 228.6 (SD ± 38.9) min, estimated blood loss was 147 (SD ± 58.2) ml, and length of hospital stay was five (SD ± 2.3) days. One intraoperative complication (cystotomy) occurred and was successfully repaired. One postoperative fistula developed on postoperative day 10. This early experience demonstrates that the basic surgical and anatomical principles of radical parametrectomy can be applied to robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery. Genitourinary fistulae are always a concern with this procedure, and minimization of electrocautery near the bladder and ureters may further reduce complications.
Maartense, Stefan; Dunker, Mich S.; Slors, J. Frederik M.; Cuesta, Miguel A.; Pierik, Erik G. J. M.; Gouma, Dirk J.; Hommes, Daan W.; Sprangers, Miriam A.; Bemelman, Willem A.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare laparoscopic-assisted and open ileocolic resection for primary Crohn's disease in a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Sixty patients were randomized for laparoscopic-assisted or open surgery. Primary outcome parameter was postoperative quality of
Kaushik, Dharam; High, Robin; Clark, Curtis J; LaGrange, Chad A
To determine how urologists manage technical malfunction of the Da Vinci robotic system during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). A web-based survey was sent to urologists performing RARP. The survey questions were related to the stage of operation during which robotic malfunction occurred, management of malfunctions, and most common types of robotic malfunction. In addition, data were collected concerning surgical volume and training. One hundred (56.8%) of the 176 responding surgeons had experienced an irrecoverable intraoperative malfunction. Eighty respondents experienced mechanical failure before starting RARP, of which 46 (57.5%) rescheduled, 15 (18.8%) performed an open radical approach, 12 (15%) performed standard laparoscopic prostatectomy, and 4 (4.9%) docked another robot. Sixty-three respondents experienced mechanical failure before starting urethrovesical anastomosis, of which 26 (41.2%) converted to an open procedure, 20 (31.7%) converted to standard laparoscopy, 10 (15.8%) finished with one less arm, and 3 (4.7%) aborted the procedure. Thirty-two respondents experienced malfunction before completion of the anastomosis, of which 20 (62.5%) converted to standard laparoscopy, while 12 (37.5%) converted to open surgery. Fellowship trained surgeons were more likely to complete the prostatectomy using standard laparoscopy (P = 0.05). No significant differences existed between surgeons performing a high volume or low volume of prostatectomies in regard to management of malfunctions. Intraoperative breakdown of the Da Vinci robot is uncommon, but patients should be counseled preoperatively and a plan devised on how breakdown will be managed. Intracorporeal suturing skills allow conversion to a pure laparoscopic approach, if necessary. Consequently, standard laparoscopic suturing skills should remain in the residency curriculum.
Cemil Uygur; Fethullah Gevher
In this article, we describe surgical technique for robot assisted radical prostatectomy using the four-arm da Vinci robotic surgical system (SI, Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA, USA). We have continually refined our technique to improve patient outcomes.
Nio, D; Bemelman, W A; Balm, R; Legemate, D A
Considerable training is necessary to master laparoscopic suturing and knot-tying. Robotic systems are assumed to facilitate these skills and shorten the learning curve. The effect of laparoscopic experience and robotic assistance on the learning curve of vascular anastomoses was studied. A laparoscopically experienced surgeon and a laparoscopically inexperienced surgeon made alternating laparoscopic vascular anastomoses and robot-assisted laparoscopic vascular anastomoses using a Zeus-Aesop surgical robotic system with various prosthetic conduits and suture materials in a laparoscopic training box. Neither laparoscopic method influenced the quality score or leakage rate, but with laparoscopic experience, significantly fewer failures were made. Suturing and knot-tying were faster with laparoscopic experience both with and without the robotic system, and fewer stitch actions and knot actions were performed. The learning curves of both surgeons were not improved by the robotic system. Experience is the most important factor in the performance of laparoscopic vascular anastomoses. The robotic system was not helpful in shortening the learning curve.
Zhao, Yue; Hang, Bo; Xiong, Guang-Wu; Zhang, Xiao-Wei
To investigate the value of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH) in the treatment of early stage cervical cancer by comparing intraoperative and postoperative outcomes with abdominal radical hysterectomy (ARH). We searched the Medline, Web of Knowledge, Cochrane Library, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, through February 2, 2016 with keywords of "laparoscopic OR laparoscopy" AND "radical hysterectomy OR early cervical cancer OR stage IB, stage IB1, stage IB2, stage IIA, stage IIA1, stage IIA2, stage IIA cervical cancer" to identify all relevant studies that compared LRH with ARH in treating early cervical cancer. Two reviewers evaluated the quality of literature independently. Standardized tables were used to extract data (study or participant details and results) from the texts, tables, figures, or any other attachments of eligible publications. Weighted mean differences (MDs) and odds ratios (ORs) were pooled with the random effects model. Then we conducted meta-analysis using the RevMan5.3 software. A total of 615 studies were initially identified. After screening, 23 studies, including 4205 patients were recruited. LRH was associated with lower estimated blood loss (mL) (MD = -178.41, 95% confidence interval [CI] = -214.89 to -141.94, P early stage cervical cancer in most essential aspects, which should arouse sufficient attention.
Kang, Chang Moo; Chi, Hoon Sang; Hyeung, Woo Jin; Kim, Kyung Sik; Choi, Jin Sub; Kim, Byong Ro
With the advancement of laparoscopic instruments and computer sciences, complex surgical procedures are expected to be safely performed by robot assisted telemanipulative laparoscopic surgery. The da Vinci system (Intuitive Surgical, Mountain View, CA, USA) became available at the many surgical fields. The wrist like movements of the instrument's tip, as well as 3-dimensional vision, could be expected to facilitate more complex laparoscopic procedure. Here, we present the first Korean experience of da Vinci robotic assisted laparoscopic cholecystectomy and discuss the introduction and perspectives of this robotic system. PMID:17594166
Rendón, Gabriel J; Echeverri, Lina; Echeverri, Francisco; Sanz-Lomana, Carlos Millán; Ramirez, Pedro T; Pareja, Rene
The goal of our study was to report on the feasibility of outpatient laparoscopic radical hysterectomy in patients with early-stage cervical cancer. We included all patients who underwent a laparoscopic radical hysterectomy at the Instituto de Cancerología - Las Americas in Medellin, Colombia, between January 2013 and July 2015. The control group was a similar cohort of patients who were admitted after their surgery. Seventy-six patients were included [outpatient (31) and admitted (45)]. There were no statistically significant differences between groups regarding age, clinical stage, histology, nodal count, need of adjuvant treatment, visual pain scores at discharge or follow up time. All patients underwent a transversus abdominis plane block. The median operative time was 150min (range, 105-240) in the outpatient group vs. 170min (range, 97-300) in the admitted group (p=0.023). The median estimated blood loss was 50ml (range, 20-150) in the outpatient group vs. 120ml (range, 20-1000) in the admitted group (p=0.001). All patients were able to void spontaneously and tolerate a diet before discharge. In patients who were admitted, the median hospital stay was 1day, (range; 1-6), and 39 (87%) were discharged at postoperative day 1. There were 6 postoperative complications, 3 in each group. There were no recurrences in the follow-up period in the outpatient group, and there were 3 (6.6%) recurrences in the admitted group. Outpatient laparoscopic radical hysterectomy is feasible and can be performed safely in a developing country in well-selected patients. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Lee, Seungsoo; Yoon, Chang Jin; Park, Hyun Jun; Lee, Jeong Zoo; Ha, Hong Koo
We analyzed factors associated with early recovery of continence after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Among 467 patients treated with laparoscopic radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer between 2007 and 2012, 249 patients who underwent a preoperative urodynamic study were enrolled. The patients' age, prostate volume, preoperative serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA), Gleason score, pathologic stage, and preoperative urodynamic parameters were recorded. The preoperative membranous and prostatic urethral length on magnetic resonance image, nerve sparing technique, and type of surgical procedure (extrafascial and intrafascial) were analyzed. Patients were considered to have early recovery of continence when they needed no pad in 3 months or less after surgery. Ninety-two patients were in the early recovery group and 157 were in the late recovery group. The membranous urethral lengths were 12.06±2.56 and 11.81±2.87 mm, and prostatic urethral lengths were 36.39±6.15 and 37.45±7.55 mm in each group, respectively. The membranous-posterior urethral length ratios were 0.25±0.06 and 0.24±0.06, and prostatic-posterior urethral length ratios were 0.75±0.06 and 0.76±0.06, respectively. In and of themselves, the membranous and prostatic urethral lengths were not associated with recovery duration however, the membranous-total and prostatic-total urethral length ratios were related (p=0.024 and 0.024, respectively). None of the urodynamic parameters correlated with continence recovery time. In the multivariate analysis, the type of surgical procedure (odds ratio [OR], 7.032; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.660 to 18.590; precovery of continence. The current intrafascial surgical procedure is the most important factor affecting early recovery of continence after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy.
Nagele, Udo; Walcher, Ute; Herrmann, Thomas R W
New transumbilical laparoendoscopic procedures are an emerging field in urologic surgery. We introduced the concept of single-incision triangulated umbilical surgery (SITUS) in 2009. SITUS technique uses straight optics and instruments in a triangulated fashion via three trocars placed through an umbilical incision resulting in a familiar laparoscopic environment. Aim of the study was to demonstrate the feasibility of SITUS in simple and radical nephrectomy in daily routine. From October 2009 to July 2010, in 3 patients with cirrhotic kidneys a simple and in 12 patients a radical nephrectomy was performed in SITUS technique. The umbilical fold was incised at three-fourth of its circumference; in the patient with radical nephrectomy, additionally small "c"-shaped skin flaps were removed. After achieving a pneumoperitoneum by Verres technique, a 5-mm camera port and then a cranial 5 mm and a caudal 11 mm working trocar were placed with at a distance of 5-10 cm with the aid of two Langenbeck hooks, thus allowing triangulation except in the radical nephrectomy patients, where an 11-mm caudal trocar (Endopath, Ethicon, Hamburg, GER) was used. Using long conventional laparoscopic instruments, En-Seal pressure coagulator and dissector (Erbe, Tuebingen, Germany), Hem-O-Lock clips (Weck, Teleflex, USA), and a 30° 5-mm optic (Karl Storz, Tuttlingen, GER), the interventions were executed like conventional laparoscopic transperitoneal procedures. OR time was mean 127 min [120, 153] for cirrhotic kidney nephrectomy group and mean 137 min [91, 185] in the radical nephrectomy group. Mean hemoglobin drop was 1.5 g/dl [1.2, 1.7] in benign cases and 2.4 [1.1, 4.9] in radial nephrectomies. All except one diabetic patient with wound infection had an uneventful follow-up without postoperative complications. The patients were discharged at postoperative day 5 [3, 29]. SITUS technique for simple and radical nephrectomy is an attractive alternative to conventional laparoscopy and single
Full Text Available During the past few years, robotic surgical systems have been rapidly developed. The progress and advantages of these systems include three-dimensional vision and enhanced ergonomics. These advantages have helped a new generation of minimally invasive surgery to evolve. The da Vinci Surgical System seems to greatly resolve problems (e.g., wide exposure and retraction of peritoneal organs that are confronted by traditional laparoscopic surgeries for retroperitoneal tumors that are near great vessels. There have been few reported cases concerning laparoscopic excision of retroperitoneal tumors situated between the inferior vena cava, the right renal vessel, and the kidney. We report the use of a robotic surgical system for this type of treatment. A 54-year-old female patient had a hypoechoic lesion near the inferior vena cava and superior to the right renal vessels. It was incidentally found by ultrasound during a health check-up examination. The computed tomography (CT scan revealed a heterogeneous contrast-enhanced retroperitoneal mass approximately 4.4 cm medial to the right kidney with the inferior vena cava slightly deviated to the left. Robot-assisted laparoscopic excision of the retroperitoneal tumor was performed on October 15, 2010 with an operation time of 135 minutes and an estimated blood loss of less than 30 mL. The J-Vac drainage tube was removed on postoperative Day 3, and the patient was discharged in a stable condition the following day. The pathology of the tumor was retroperitoneal schwannoma. A re-evaluation was arranged postoperatively for the 15-month ambulatory visit. No local recurrence or distal metastasis was present.
Chen, Y Julia; Huynh, Desmond; Nguyen, Scott; Chin, Edward; Divino, Celia; Zhang, Linda
The aim of the study is to investigate the outcomes of the da Vinci robot-assisted laparoscopic hernia repair of small-sized ventral hernias with circumferential suturing of the mesh compared to the traditional laparoscopic repair with trans-fascial suturing. A retrospective review was conducted of all robot-assisted umbilical, epigastric and incisional hernia repairs performed at our institution between 2013 and 2015 compared to laparoscopic umbilical or epigastric hernia repairs. Patient characteristics, operative details and postoperative complications were collected and analyzed using univariate analysis. Three primary minimally invasive fellowship trained surgeons performed all of the procedures included in the analysis. 72 patients were identified during the study period. 39 patients underwent robot- assisted repair (21 umbilical, 14 epigastric, 4 incisional), and 33 patients laparoscopic repair (27 umbilical, 6 epigastric). Seven had recurrent hernias (robot: 4, laparoscopic: 3). There were no significant differences in preoperative characteristics between the two groups. Average operative time was 156 min for robot-assisted repair and 65 min for laparoscopic repair (p robot group [3.07 cm (1-9 cm)] than that for the laparoscopic group [2.02 cm (0.5-5 cm)] (p robot-assisted technique versus the standard laparoscopic repair.
Hand-assisted versus straight laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy on a training simulator: what is the difference? A stepwise comparison of hand-assisted versus straight laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy performance on an augmented reality simulator.
We hypothesized that simulator-generated metrics and intraoperative errors may be able to differentiate the technical differences between hand-assisted laparoscopic (HAL) and straight laparoscopic (SL) approaches.
Campbell, Patrick; Casement, Maire; Addley, Susan; Dobbs, Stephen; Harley, Ian; Nagar, Hans
Evidence to support prolonged catheterisation after radical hysterectomy is lacking. We sought to assess feasibility of a new protocol of early post-operative catheter removal following laparoscopic radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer. A retrospective review of post-operative bladder care in patients who underwent laparoscopic radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer was carried out. The post-operative bladder care protocol recommended catheter removal after 24-72 hours. Three consecutive post-void residual scans of less than 150 millilitres (ml) were considered evidence of normal voiding function. First line management of voiding dysfunction was clean intermittent self-catheterisation (CISC). Ninety-eight patients underwent laparoscopic radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer of whom 78 patients had catheter removal 24-72 hours post-operatively. The incidence of post-operative voiding dysfunction in this group was 44%, of whom 88% were managed with CISC and 82% regained normal voiding function. Average hospital stay was 4.2 days. The overall rate of long-term voiding dysfunction was 6%. Early catheter removal after laparoscopic radical hysterectomy appears to be both feasible and effective and compliments the ethos of enhanced patient recovery.
Nio, D.; Bemelman, W. A.; Balm, R.; Legemate, D. A.
Background: Considerable training is necessary to master laparoscopic suturing and knot-tying. Robotic systems are assumed to facilitate these skills and shorten the learning curve. The effect of laparoscopic experience and robotic assistance on the learning curve of vascular anastomoses was
Esquinas, C; Alonso, J M; Mateo, E; Dotor, A; Martín, A M; Dorado, J F; Arance, I; Angulo, J C
Laparoscopic radical cystectomy with lymphadenectomy and urinary diversion is an increasingly widespread operation. Studies are needed to support the oncological effectiveness and safety of this minimally invasive approach. A nonrandomised, comparative prospective study between open radical cystectomy (ORC) and laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) was conducted in a university hospital. The main objective was to compare cancer-specific survival. The secondary objective was to compare the surgical results and complications according to the Clavien-Dindo scale. We treated 156 patients with high-grade invasive bladder cancer with either ORC (n=70) or LRC (n=86). The mean follow-up was 33.5±23.8 (range 12-96) months. The mean age was 66.9+9.4 years, and the male to female ratio was 19:1. Both groups were equivalent in age, stage, positive lymph nodes, in situ carcinoma, preoperative obstructive uropathy, adjuvant chemotherapy and type of urinary diversion. There were no differences between the groups in terms of cancer-specific survival (log-rank; P=.71). The histopathology stage was the only independent variable that predicted the prognosis. The hospital stay (P=.01) and operative transfusion rates (P=.002) were less for LRC. The duration of the surgery was greater for LRC (P<.001). There were no differences in the total complications rate (p=.62) or major complications (P=.69). The risk of evisceration (P=.02), surgical wound infection (P=.005) and pneumonia (P=.017) was greater for ORC. The risk of rectal lesion (P=.017) and urethrorectal fistulae (P=.065) was greater for LRC. LRC is an equivalent treatment to ORC in terms of oncological efficacy and is advantageous in terms of transfusion rates and hospital stays but not in terms of operating room time and overall safety. Studies are needed to better define the specific safety profile for each approach. Copyright © 2017 AEU. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
Xu, Zhenyu; Zhang, Zhengyu; Gao, Jianping; Wei, Zhifeng; Xu, Xiaofeng; Dong, Jie; Tang, Hao; Yi, Xiaoming; Tang, Chaopeng; Zhou, Wenquan
The objective of this study was to modify the adrenal gland-sparing strategy based on retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy by reviewing the anatomic relationship between the kidney and the adrenal gland. From June 2010 to October 2012, a total of 68 patients (45 males and 23 females) with localized renal cell carcinoma were treated at our hospital. The study included 35 cases that were right side and 33 cases that were left, and average patient age was 54.06 years. The average tumor size was 4.7 cm. Tumors were classified via the TNM staging system. All patients underwent adrenal gland-sparing surgery based on retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy. For each patient, surgery was successful without conversion to open surgery. The average operative time was 56.65 ± 26.60 min, and the mean blood loss was 70.61 ± 60.96 ml. All patients were discharged from the hospital 3 to 8 days after surgery. During surgery, the adrenal gland was slightly lacerated in three cases and the peritoneum showed perforation in six cases. Only one case recurred during the study follow-up. Based on retroperitoneal laparoscopy radical nephrectomy, this effective adrenal gland-sparing surgery showed direct exposure of tissue and little interference of the upper pole of the kidney. Elevation of the adrenal gland could help with the complete dissection of the adrenal gland from the kidney. The separation of the kidney was rapid, simple and accurate. The probability of adrenal gland damage was reduced. This strategy is recommended for widespread use in T1-2 renal neoplasms.
Draaisma, W.A.; Nieuwenhuis, D.H.; Janssen, L.W.M.; Broeders, I.A.M.J.
Robotic systems may be particularly supportive for procedures requiring careful pelvic dissection and suturing in the Douglas pouch, as in surgery for rectal prolapse. Studies reporting robot-assisted laparoscopic rectovaginopexy for rectal prolapse, however, are scarce. This prospective cohort
Eshuis, E. J.; Slors, J. F. M.; Stokkers, P. C. F.; Sprangers, M. A. G.; Ubbink, D. T.; Cuesta, M. A.; Pierik, E. G. J. M.; Bemelman, W. A.
Background: Long-term results of laparoscopically assisted versus open ileocolic resection for Crohn's disease were evaluated in a randomized trial. Methods: Sixty patients who underwent ileocolic resection between 1999 and 2003 were followed prospectively. Primary outcomes were reoperation,
Full Text Available Standard treatment modalities of caliceal diverticular calculi range from extracorporal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL over retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS, percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL and laparoscopic stone removal. A 55-year-old woman presented with a history of pyelonephritis based on a caliceal diverticular calculus. Due to the narrow infundibulum and anterior location, a robot-assisted laparoscopic calicotomy with extraction of the calculi and fulguration of the diverticulum was performed, with no specific perioperative problems and good stone-free results. This article shows technical feasibility with minimal morbidity of robot-assisted laparoscopic stone removal and obliteration of a caliceal diverticulum.
Paschold, M; Huber, T; Maedge, S; Zeissig, S R; Lang, H; Kneist, W
Laparoscopic assistance is often entrusted to a less experienced resident, medical student, or operating room nurse. Data regarding laparoscopic training for operating room nurses are not available. The aim of the study was to analyse the initial performance level and learning curves of operating room nurses in basic laparoscopic surgery compared with medical students and surgical residents to determine their ability to assist with this type of procedure. The study was designed to compare the initial virtual reality performance level and learning curves of user groups to analyse competence in laparoscopic assistance. The study subjects were operating room nurses, medical students, and first year residents. Participants performed three validated tasks (camera navigation, peg transfer, fine dissection) on a virtual reality laparoscopic simulator three times in 3 consecutive days. Laparoscopic experts were enrolled as a control group. Participants filled out questionnaires before and after the course. Nurses and students were comparable in their initial performance (p>0.05). Residents performed better in camera navigation than students and nurses and reached the expert level for this task. Residents, students, and nurses had comparable bimanual skills throughout the study; while, experts performed significantly better in bimanual manoeuvres at all times (p<0.05). The included user groups had comparable skills for bimanual tasks. Residents with limited experience reached the expert level in camera navigation. With training, nurses, students, and first year residents are equally capable of assisting in basic laparoscopic procedures. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Albisinni, Simone; Joniau, Steven; Quackels, Thierry; De Coster, Greet; Dekuyper, Peter; Van Cleynenbreugel, Ben; Van Damme, Nancy; Van Eycken, Elisabeth; Ameye, Filip; Roumeguère, Thierry
During the last decade, an inverse stage migration has been observed in radical prostatectomy series at tertiary centers. However, it remains unclear whether similar trends can also be observed in solely robotic practices, including nonreferral centers. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and pathological trends in robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) enrollment in Belgium over a period of 6 years through an analysis of a prospective registry. A prospective, multicenter database was constructed: consecutive patients undergoing RALP in Belgium from 2010 to 2015 were enrolled, and 7366 men were analyzed. Variations in clinical and pathological variables were explored as a function of the enrollment year with proportional odds for categorical variables and with linear regressions for continuous variables. Net increases were observed in the prostate-specific antigen levels, cT stage, and biopsy Gleason scores across the study years (P Belgium, there was a significant increase in the enrollment of intermediate- and high-risk PCa patients. This yielded a significant increase in adverse pathological characteristics. These results suggest a paradigm shift in PCa treatment, with radical robotic surgery increasing for intermediate- and high-risk patients. Cancer 2017;123:4139-4146. © 2017 American Cancer Society. © 2017 American Cancer Society.
Jose R. Colombo Jr.
Full Text Available PURPOSE: To report the 5-year oncological outcomes of patients undergoing laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for renal cancer compared to a cohort of patients undergoing open radical nephrectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 88 patients undergoing radical nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma prior to January 2000. Of these, 45 patients underwent laparoscopic radical nephrectomy, and 43 patients underwent open radical nephrectomy. Inclusion criteria comprised clinically organ-confined tumors of 15 cm or less in size without concomitant lymphadenopathy or vena cava thrombus. Oncological follow-up data were obtained from charts, radiological reports, and phone calls to patients or their families, and were calculated from the date of surgery to the date of last appointment with physician or date of death. RESULTS: All laparoscopic procedures were completed without open conversion. On comparing the laparoscopic radical nephrectomy and open radical nephrectomy groups, mean tumor size was 5. 8 vs 6.2 cm (P = . 44, mean blood loss was 183 vs 461 mL (P = . 004, and mean operative time was 2.8 vs 3.7 hrs (P OBJETIVO: Relatar os resultados oncológicos após 5 anos de seguimento em pacientes submetidos a nefrectomia radical laparoscópica para tratamento do câncer renal, comparando esses com os resultados obtidos com um grupo de pacientes submetidos a nefrectomia radical aberta. MÉTODOS: Foram analisadas retrospectivamente as informações obtidas de 88 pacientes submetidos a nefrectomia radical para o tratamento do carcinoma renal realizadas previamente a Janeiro de 2000. Destes pacientes, 45 foram tratados com nefrectomia radical laparoscópica e 43 com nefrectomia radical aberta. Foram incluídos pacientes com tumores localizados com tamanho máximo de 15 cm, sem adenopatia ou sinal de envolvimento de veia renal na avaliação radiologica pré-operatória. As informações sobre o seguimento dos pacientes foram obtidas a partir de
Full Text Available In this article, we describe surgical technique for robot assisted radical prostatectomy using the four-arm da Vinci robotic surgical system (SI, Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA, USA. We have continually refined our technique to improve patient outcomes.
Kibar, Yusuf; Yalçın, Serdar; Kaya, Engin; Köprü, Burak; Ebiloğlu, Turgay; Ergin, Giray; Tomruk, Hüseyin
Robotic surgery is a leading treatment option for minimally invasive surgery and has an increasing popularity in pediatric population, as well. In this article, we reported our case series of robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery in pediatric population. We retrospectively reviewed 29 consecutive pediatric patients who underwent robot- assisted procedures between May 2014 and October 2016. Patient demographics, hospitalization time, estimated blood loss, robotic time and total operative and peri-, and post-operative complications were evaluated. A total of 24 ureter units (18 patients) with grade 1-5 vesicoureteral reflux in 13 female and 5 male, 1 male patient with vesicoureteral stenosis were underwent robot- assisted laparoscopic ureteral reimplantation (RALUR). All patients had complete resolution after surgery. Robot-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty (RALP) was performed in 6 patients with ureteropelvic junction obstruction. All patients had complete resolution after surgery. Completely intracorporeal robotic assisted laparoscopic augmentation ileocystoplasty (RLAIC) was applied to two patients with neurogenic bladder. The symptoms and preoperative hydronephrosis were regressed on the first month of follow-up. Robot-assisted laparoscopic reduction cystoplasty (RALRC) was performed in 14-year-old boy with a bladder diverticula and recurrent urinary tract infection. The last case was eleven- year-old female patient with non-functioning kidney. She had recurrent urinary tract infections and was treated with robotic assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy (RALN). Robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery is safe and efficient in pediatric population. Although open surgery is still the gold standard for many pediatric diseases, inherent reconstructive advantages of robotic assisted laparoscopy have a chance to change this view.
Rabbani, Farhang; Yunis, Luis Herran; Pinochet, Rodrigo; Nogueira, Lucas; Vora, Kinjal C; Eastham, James A; Guillonneau, Bertrand; Laudone, Vincent; Scardino, Peter T; Touijer, Karim
The lack of standardized reporting of the complications of radical prostatectomy in the literature has made it difficult to compare incidences across institutions and across different surgical approaches. To define comprehensively the incidence, severity, and timing of onset of medical and surgical complications of open retropubic prostatectomy (RP) and laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LP) using a standardized reporting methodology to facilitate comparison. Between January 1999 and June 2007, 4592 consecutive patients underwent RP or LP without prior radiation or hormonal therapy. Median follow-up was 36.9 mo (interquartile range: 20.3-60.6). Open or laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. All medical and surgical complications of radical prostatectomy were captured and graded according to the modified Clavien classification and classified by timing of onset. There were 612 medical complications in 467 patients (10.2%) and 1426 surgical complications in 925 patients (20.1%). The overall incidences of early minor and major medical and surgical complications for RP were 8.5% and 1.5% for medical and 11.4% and 4.9% for surgical complications, respectively. The overall incidences of early minor and major medical and surgical complications for LP were 14.2% and 2.3% for medical and 23.1% and 6.6% for surgical complications, respectively. On multivariate analysis, LP approach was associated with a higher incidence of any grade medical and surgical complications but a lower incidence of major surgical complications than RP. Six hundred fifty-two men (14.2%) visited the emergency department, and 240 men (5.2%) required readmission. The main limitation is the retrospective nature. With standardized reporting, the incidence of some complications is higher than recognized in the literature. Although most complications are minor in severity, medical and surgical complications are observed in approximately 10% and 20% of patients, respectively. Accurate reporting of
Reccia, Isabella; Kumar, Jayant; Kusano, Tomokazu; Zanellato, Artur; Draz, Ahmed; Spalding, Duncan; Habib, Nagy; Pai, Madhava
Laparoscopic liver resection has progressively gained acceptance as a safe and effective procedure in the treatment of benign and malignant liver neoplasms. However, blood loss remains the major challenge in liver surgery. Several techniques and devices have been introduced in liver surgery in order to minimize intraoperative haemorrhage during parenchymal transection. Radiofrequency (RF)-assisted liver resection has been shown to be an effective method to minimize bleeding in open and laparoscopic liver resection. A number of RF devices for parenchymal transection have been designed to assist laparoscopic liver resections. Here we have reviewed the results of various RF devices in laparoscopic liver resection. A total 15 article were considered relevant for the evaluation of technical aspects and outcomes of RF-assisted liver resections in laparoscopic procedures. In these studies, 176 patients had laparoscopic liver resection using RF-assisted parenchymal coagulation. Two monopolar and three bipolar devices were employed. Blood loss was limited in most of the studies. The need of blood transfusions was limited to two cases in all the series. Conversion was necessary due to bleeding in 3 cases. Operative and transection times varied between studies. However, RF-assisted resection with bipolar devices appeared to have taken less time in comparison to other RF devices. RF-related complications were minimum, and only one case of in-hospital death due to hepatic failure was reported. Although RF has been used in a small minority of laparoscopic liver resections, laparoscopic RF-assisted liver resection for benign and malignant disease is a safe and feasible procedure associated with reduction in blood loss, low morbidity, and lower hospital mortality rates. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Rafael B Reboucas
Full Text Available Introduction Horseshoe Kidneys are the most common renal fusion anomaly. When surgery is contemplated for renal-cell carcinoma in such kidneys, aberrant vasculature and isthmusectomy are the major issues to consider. We describe a case of a pure laparoscopic radical heminephrectomy with hand-sewn management of the isthmus for a 11 cm tumour in a horseshoe kidney. Presentation A 47-year-old man complaining of palpable left flank mass for two months. Magnetic resonance of the abdomen revealed a 11 cm renal mass arising from the left moiety of an incidentally discovered horseshoe kidney. Preoperative CT angiography revealed a dominant anterior renal artery feeding the upper and midpole, with two other arteries feeding the lower pole and isthmus. The patient was placed in a modified flank position. A four-port transperitoneal technique was used, the colon was reflected. Renal pedicle was dissected and the renal arteries and renal vein were secured with polymer clips. The kidney was fully mobilized and a Satinsky clamp was placed on the isthmus for its division. A running 2-0 vicryl hand-sewn was used for parenchyma hemostasis. The specimen was extracted intact in a plastic bag through an inguinal incision. Results The operative time was 220 minutes, and the estimated blood loss was 200 mL. There were no immediate or delayed complications. The patient resumed oral intake on postoperative day 1 and was discharged on postoperative day 2. Pathologic examination of the specimen confirmed a 11 cm organ-confined chromophobe renal-cell carcinoma, with negative margins. Discussion Laparoscopic oncologic surgery in patients with horseshoe kidneys can be technically challenging. The presence of a large cancer in a horseshoe kidney should not preclude a purely laparoscopic approach. With the aid of a Satinsky clamp, the isthmus can be sharply divided and sutured in a fashion similar to the open technique. To our knowledge, this report represents the largest
Tariq A. Khemees
Full Text Available Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs have revolutionized management options for patients with advanced heart failure. It is not uncommon for patients treated with these devices to present with noncardiac surgical conditions including urologic problems. Maintaining perioperative hemodynamic and hematologic stability is a special challenge. The minimally invasive surgery provides well-documented advantages over the open approach including a less operative blood loss and faster convalescence. In carefully selected patients, robotic-assisted surgery can be utilized in the management of patients with complex urologic diseases in a dire need for these benefits. We present the first case of robotic-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy (RANU with retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for upper tract transitional cell carcinoma (TCC in a patient treated with LVAD.
Collins, Justin W; Wiklund, N Peter
We performed a systematic literature review to assess the current status of a totally intracorporeal robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) approach. The current 'gold standard' for radical cystectomy remains open radical cystectomy. RARC has lagged behind robot-assisted prostatectomy in terms of adoption and perceived patient benefit, but there are indications that this is now changing. There have been several recently published large series of RARC, both with extracorporeal and with intracorporeal urinary diversions. The present review focuses on the totally intracorporeal approach. Radical cystectomy is complex surgery with several important outcome measures, including oncological and functional outcomes, complication rates, patient recovery and cost implications. We aim to answer the question of whether there are advantages to a totally intracorporeal robotic approach or whether we are simply making an already complex procedure more challenging with an associated increase in complication rates. We review the current status of both oncological and functional outcomes of totally intracorporeal RARC compared with standard RARC with extraperitoneal urinary diversion and with open radical cystectomy, and assess the associated short- and long-term complication rates. We also review aspects in training and research that have affected the uptake of RARC. Additionally we evaluate how current technology is contributing to the future development of this surgical technique. © 2013 The Authors. BJU International © 2013 BJU International.
Aim To evaluate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic ligation of internal ring in congenital inguinal hernia in children. Patients and methods Laparoscopic percutaneous ligation of internal inguinal ring has been performed on 97 children with 133 hernias. The age ranged between 6 months and 11.5 years.
Michael C. Pitter
Full Text Available Objective. To examine success of robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy (RALM measured by sustained symptom relief and fertility. Methods. This is a retrospective survey of 426 women who underwent RALM for fibroids, symptom relief, or infertility at three practice sites across the US. We examined rates of symptom recurrence and pregnancy and factors associated with these outcomes. Results. Overall, 70% of women reported being symptom-free, with 62.9% free of symptoms after three years. At >3 years, 66.7% of women who underwent surgery to treat infertility and 80% who were also symptom-free reported achieving pregnancy. Factors independently associated with symptom recurrence included greater time after surgery, preoperative dyspareunia, multiple fibroid surgeries, smoking after surgery, and preexisting diabetes. Factors positively correlated with achieving pregnancy included desiring pregnancy, prior pregnancy, greater time since surgery, and Caucasian race. Factors negatively correlated with pregnancy were advanced age and symptom recurrence. Conclusions. This paper, the first to examine symptom recurrence after RALM, demonstrates both short- and long-term effectiveness in providing symptom relief. Furthermore, RALM may have the potential to improve the chance of conception, even in a population at high risk of subfertility, with greater benefits among those who remain symptom-free. These findings require prospective validation.
Full Text Available The use of robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery (RALS in gynecologic oncology is rising rapidly; however, the role of this modality in obstetrics has not been widely investigated. During pregnancy, the surgical management of adnexal masses is traditionally approached via laparotomy or laparoscopy. RALS offers a minimally invasive approach secondary to improved instrument dexterity and precision, 14-fold magnification, and 3-D imaging. For the pregnant patient, this translates into minimal manipulation of the gravid uterus, quicker recovery times, and potentially decreased maternal and fetal morbidity. Here we report six cases in which the da Vinci robotic surgical system (Intuitive Surgical Incorporated, Sunnyvale, CA was used to perform an ovarian cystectomy during pregnancy. Pathology in all cases returned benign and each patient continued pregnancy without complications of surgery. In centers with the resources and adequately trained physicians, RALS offers the obstetric patient a safe and less invasive alternative to laparotomy or conventional laparoscopy. Although the advantages of robotic surgery are many, the limitations of this modality remain elevated equipment costs as well as the time investment necessary to train physicians.
Peter A. Caputo
Full Text Available ABSTRACT Introduction and Objectives: Robotic assisted radical cystectomy (RARC is an alternative to open radical cystectomy. As experience is gained with the RARC approach the technique is being applied to more complex surgical cases. We describe here our technique for RARC with intracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion for a renal transplant recipient. Materials and Methods: The patient is a 60-year old man with high-grade muscle invasive bladder cancer. He has a history of renal failure due to polycystic kidney disease and received a deceased donor renal transplant in 2008. His hospital course at time of transplant was complicated by low-level BK virus viremia. Interestingly his trans-urethral bladder tumor resection specimen at time of bladder cancer diagnosis stained positive for SV40. His native kidneys were anuric so bilateral laparoscopic nephrectomy was performed in a staged fashion 2 weeks prior to RARC. Our surgical technique utilizes 6 trocars, of note a 12-mm assistant trocar is placed 1 cm superior to the pubic symphysis, and this trocar is solely used to pass a laparoscopic stapler to facilitate the excision of the ileal segment and the stapled enteric anastomosis. Surgical steps include: identification of native ureters bilaterally (removed en bloc with the bladder specimen; identification of the transplanted ureter at the right bladder dome; posterior bladder and prostate dissection along Denonvilliers’ fascia; development of the space of Retzius; ligation and transection of the bladder and prostate vascular bundles; apical prostate dissection and transection of urethra; left pelvic lymphadenectomy; ilium resection for creation of the ileal conduit; stapled enteric anastomosis; ureteroileal anastomosis; maturation of the ileal conduit stoma. Results: The surgery had no intraoperative complications. Operative time was 443 minutes (7.4 hours. Estimated blood loss was 250 cc. Length of hospital stay was 5 days. The patient
Liu, Yu-Yin; Liao, Chien-Hung; Chen, Chih-Chi; Tsai, Chun-Yi; Liu, Keng-Hao; Wang, Shang-Yu; Fu, Chih-Yuan; Yeh, Chun-Nan; Yeh, Ta-Sen
Feeding jejunostomy is an alternative enteral nutritional supplementation method for patients with functional gastrointestinal tracts. In this study, we introduced the novel, safe technique of single-incision laparoscopic-assisted jejunostomy (SIL-AJ) tube placement. We conducted a prospective record search and a retrospective review of all patients who received surgical jejunostomy tube placement in Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan, from October 2011 to December 2012. SIL-AJ, multiple-incision laparoscopic jejunostomy (MIL-J), and open jejunostomy (O-J) were performed concurrently. We compared the demographic data, operative time, postoperative pain control, and postoperative complications among these groups. Forty patients who received surgical jejunostomy in this period were enrolled in the study. There were 14 patients with SIL-AJ, 10 with MIL-J, and 16 with O-J. There were no differences in age, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists status, body mass index, or malignancy distribution among the SIL-AJ, MIL-J, and O-J groups. The total operative times for the SIL-AJ, MIL-J, and O-J procedures were 53.3±11.5, 117.3±45.8, and 52.9±16.1 minutes, respectively; SIL-AJ and O-J had similar operative times, which were significantly shorter than the operative times in the MIL-J group (P<.001). The proportions of patients who began feeding within 24 hours in the SIL-AJ, MIL-J, and O-J groups were 100%, 70%, and 37%, respectively; the SIL-AJ group had a higher feeding rate at 24 hours than the two other groups (P=.001). The SIL-AJ and MIL-J groups had fewer postoperative complications than the O-J group (P=.011). SIL-AJ is a feasible and safe procedure that can be performed in patients who require alternative enteral feeding. Reduced postoperative pain, acceptable incisions, and quick feeding were observed in patients with SIL-AJ. Transumbilical SIL-AJ uses cost-effective appliances, and it is a relatively simple technique to learn and in which togain
Kuesters, S; Karcz, W K; Hopt, U T; Keck, T
Minimally invasive techniques are being used increasingly more in pancreatic surgery. Compared to resections of the pancreatic head and tail, total pancreatectomy is rarely performed. As no pancreatic anastomosis has to be made and open resection usually needs a wide laparotomy, a laparoscopically assisted technique seems desirable. The objective of this article is to report the initial results of laparoscopically assisted total pancreatectomy in three patients. This series included two patients with a main duct type intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) and one patient with pancreatic metastases from a renal carcinoma. All three resections were achieved laparoscopically. Reconstruction was performed through the retrieval incision. Operative time, blood loss, intermediate care and hospital stay were similar to a control group of open resections in seven patients. In this small group of selected patients laparoscopic total pancreatectomy is feasible when carried out in centers with high expertise in laparoscopy and pancreatic surgery.
Walton, Thomas J; Novara, Giacomo; Matsumoto, Kazumasa; Kassouf, Wassim; Fritsche, Hans-Martin; Artibani, Walter; Bastian, Patrick J; Martínez-Salamanca, Juan I; Seitz, Christian; Thomas, Stephen A; Ficarra, Vincenzo; Burger, Maximilian; Tritschler, Stefan; Karakiewicz, Pierre I; Shariat, Shahrokh F
• To compare oncological outcomes in patients undergoing open radical nephroureterectomy (ONU) with those in patients undergoing laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy (LNU). • A total of 773 patients underwent radical nephroureterectomy at nine centres worldwide; 703 patients underwent ONU and 70 underwent LNU. • Demographic, perioperative and oncological outcome data were collected retrospectively. • Statistical analysis of data was performed using chi-squared, Mann-Whitney U- and log-rank tests, and Cox regression analyses. • The median (interquartile range) follow-up for the cohort was 34 (15-65) months. • The two groups were well matched for tumour stage, presence of lymphovascular invasion (LVI) and concomitant carcinoma in situ (CIS). • There were more high-grade tumours (77.1% vs. 56.3%; P ONU and LNU groups, respectively (P= 0.124) and estimated 5-year cancer-specific survival (CSS) was 75.4% and 75.2% for the ONU and LNU groups, respectively (P= 0.897). • On multivariable analyses, which included age, gender, race, previous endoscopic treatment for bladder cancer, technique for distal ureter management, tumour location, pathological stage, grade, lymph node status, LVI and concomitant CIS, the procedure type (LNU vs. ONU) was not predictive of RFS (Hazard ratio [HR] 0.80; P= 0.534) or CSS (HR 0.96; P= 0.907). • The present study is the second large, independent, multicentre cohort to show oncological equivalence between ONU and LNU for well selected patients with upper urinary tract urothelial cancer, and the first to suggest parity for the techniques in patients with unfavourable disease. © 2010 THE AUTHORS. BJU INTERNATIONAL © 2010 BJU INTERNATIONAL.
Conclusions: Robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty is gaining popularity, likely due to the shorter learning curve, greater surgeon comfort, and easier intracorporeal suturing. This has allowed more surgeons to perform the procedure, improving accessibility. Robotic technology is also beneficial in the field of LESS. Nevertheless, the procedure still is not as cost-effective as the conventional laparoscopic approach, and until more affordable robotic technology is available, it will not be universally offered.
Aoun, Fouad; Peltier, Alexandre; van Velthoven, Roland
Urachal adenocarcinoma is a rare and aggressive form of bladder cancer that arises from the urachus. An en bloc resection of the urachus and umbilicus is recommended with either a total or partial cystectomy. However, there is no standard laparoscopic or robotic surgical technique for the operative management of these tumors. In the present report, we describe our robotic-assisted laparoscopic technique for the treatment of a primary malignant urachal tumor.
Full Text Available A 34-year-old woman presented with pain during menstruation and was diagnosed with endometriosis of the lower rectum. Despite treatment with an LH-RH agonist, she was unable to become pregnant and surgical removal of her endometriosis was recommended. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging revealed endometriosis localized between the neck of the uterus and rectum with indentation and scuffing. Laparoscopically assisted low anterior resection was performed. Exfoliation was started from the right side of the rectum to the presacral and retrorectal space, and the rectococcygeus ligament was transected. Exfoliation of the retrorectal space was continued to the levator ani muscle and mobilization of the right side of the rectum was performed. In front of the rectum, exfoliation was started posterior to the wall of the vagina, but layers became unclear near the tumor as the tissue was solid in this region. The left hypogastric nerve close to the tumor was inflamed and it was cut. The layer of the exfoliation was connected to the right side of the rectum, the tumor was isolated from the vagina, and the lower rectum was transected at a point 1 cm distal to the tumor with a 60-mm linear stapler. Reconstruction with a 31-mm circular stapler was performed using the double stapling technique. Operative time was 520 min with a blood loss of 320 ml. On the 9th post operative day, a rectovaginal fistula occurred, and ileostomy was performed. The patient was discharged from the hospital on the 25th postoperative day, and 4 months later, stoma closure was performed.
Dokmak, Safi; Aussilhou, Béatrice; Sauvanet, Alain; Ruszniewski, Philippe; Levy, Philippe; Belghiti, Jacques
Because of improvement in surgical technique and endocrine and exocrine insufficiency management, total pancreatectomy is being frequently performed, especially for benign or low-potential malignant diseases. The laparoscopic approach is rarely performed. Our aim is to report two cases operated by the assisted laparoscopic approach and to describe a standardized surgical technique. Two patients underwent laparoscopic total pancreatectomy with assisted minilaparotomy or the hand-assisted technique for degenerated intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) and neuroendocrine tumors with operative times of 270 and 360 minutes, estimated blood loss of 200 and 300 mL, and a hospital stay of 12 and 18 days, respectively. One patient was re-operated on postoperative Day 10 for bleeding from the hepaticojejunostomy probably related to an inadequate dose of antiproton inhibitors, necessitating refection of the anastomosis with an uneventful course. Pathological examination revealed degenerated IPMNs (T3N1R0) and well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (T2NOR0) with complete resection. After 6-10 months of follow-up, the diabetes is well controlled with insignificant episodes of hypoglycemia in 1 patient without any evidence of tumor relapse. In selected patients laparoscopic total pancreatectomy appears safe and had many advantages over the open and other laparoscopic pancreatic resection approaches, including first laparoscopic abdominal exploration and no pancreatic anastomosis. Oncological rules can be respected, but further larger studies are needed before drawing conclusions.
Tolboom, Robert C; Draaisma, Werner A; Broeders, Ivo A M J
Surgery for refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and hiatal hernia leads to recurrence or persisting dysphagia in a minority of patients. Redo antireflux surgery in GERD and hiatal hernia is known for higher morbidity and mortality. This study aims to evaluate conventional versus robot-assisted laparoscopic redo antireflux surgery, with the objective to detect possible advantages for the robot-assisted approach. A single institute cohort of 75 patients who underwent either conventional laparoscopic or robot-assisted laparoscopic redo surgery for recurrent GERD or severe dysphagia between 2008 and 2013 were included in the study. Baseline characteristics, symptoms, medical history, procedural data, hospital stay, complications and outcome were prospectively gathered. The main indications for redo surgery were dysphagia, pyrosis or a combination of both in combination with a proven anatomic abnormality. The mean time to redo surgery was 1.9 and 2.0 years after primary surgery for the conventional and robot-assisted groups, respectively. The number of conversions was lower in the robot-assisted group compared to conventional laparoscopy (1/45 vs. 5/30, p = 0.035) despite a higher proportion of patients with previous surgery by laparotomy (9/45 vs. 1/30, p = 0.038). Median hospital stay was reduced by 1 day (3 vs. 4, p = 0.042). There were no differences in mortality, complications or outcome. Robotic support, when available, can be regarded beneficial in redo surgery for GERD and hiatal hernia. Results of this observational study suggest technical feasibility for minimal-invasive robot-assisted redo surgery after open primary antireflux surgery, a reduced number of conversions and shorter hospital stay.
In recent years, robot-assisted radical cystectomy has received attention worldwide as a useful procedure that helps to overcome the limitations of open radical cystectomy. We compared the surgical technique, perioperative and oncological outcomes, and learning curve of robot-assisted radical cystectomy with those of open radical cystectomy. The indications for robot-assisted radical cystectomy are identical to those of open radical cystectomy. Relative contraindications are due to patient positioning in the Trendelenburg position for long periods. Urinary diversion is performed either extracorporeally with a small skin incision or intracorporeally with a totally robotic-assisted maneuver. Accordingly, robot-assisted radical cystectomy can be performed safely with an acceptable operative time, little blood loss, and low transfusion rates. The lymph node yield and positive surgical margin rate were not significantly different between robot-assisted radical cystectomy and open radical cystectomy. The survival rates after robot-assisted radical cystectomy are estimated to be similar to that after open radical cystectomy. However, the recurrence pattern is different between robot-assisted radical cystectomy and open radical cystectomy, i.e., extrapelvic lymph node recurrence and peritoneal carcinomatosis were more frequently found in patients who underwent robot-assisted radical cystectomy than in those who underwent open radical cystectomy. Further validation is necessary to prove the feasibility of oncological control. A steep learning curve is one of the benefits of the new technique. The experience of only 50 robot-assisted radical prostatectomies is a minimum requirement for performing feasible robot-assisted radical cystectomy, and surgeons who have performed only 30 surgeries can reach an acceptable level of quality for robot-assisted radical cystectomy.
Sakals, Sherisse A; Rawlings, Clarence A; Laity, Jamie; Hofmeister, Erik H; Radlinsky, MaryAnn G
To describe a laparoscopically assisted ovariectomy (LAO) technique in the cat with a bipolar vessel sealing device (BVSD) or suture ligation and to compare the outcomes to open ovariohysterectomy (OO). Randomized prospective study ANIMALS: Healthy, adult, sexually intact female cats (n = 30). Ten cats were assigned to each group: LAO with BVSD (group A), LAO with ligation (group B), and OO with ligation (group C). Surgical times and complications were assessed. Serum glucose and cortisol were measured prior to surgery and at 1, 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 hours after surgery. Pain was scored by using an interactive visual analog scale (IVAS) at 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 18, 24, 36, and 48 hours after surgery. Rescue analgesia was provided when IVAS score was 4 or more. Physiological and serum values and IVAS scores were compared among groups with area under the curve (AUC) by using a 1-way ANOVA. Surgical time was shortest for group C (19.1 ± 5.2 minutes; P < .0002); there was no significant difference between groups A (27.7 ± 6.6 minutes) and B (33.2 ± 8.2 minutes). All procedures were completed successfully. No significant differences among groups were found in IVAS scores (P = .36), rescue analgesia (P = .22), glucose AUC (P = .53), or cortisol AUC (P = .27). The LAO technique was accomplished as described in all cats with no complications or failures. Pain scores were not different from cats undergoing OO. LAO can be performed efficiently to maximize the benefits of minimally invasive surgery and is amenable to clinical practice. © 2018 The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.
Fazili, Fiaz Maqbool; Al-Bouq, Yousef; El-Hassan, Osman M; Gaffar, Hossam Fawzi A
Open appendectomy is still the most common method of treating appendicitis. Laparoscopic procedures for removal of the appendix by the "in" technique as an alternative to conventional appendectomy have gained wide popularity, but have been criticized for their technical difficulty and high cost. We assessed the safety and efficacy of the laparoscope-assisted appendectomy (the two-trocar technique) in adults. We retrospectively studied 129 patients who had appendectomy using the laparoscope-assisted two-trocar technique between July 2002 to December 2003. The procedures were done by consultants and surgeons-in-training with experience in minimally invasive and open techniques. Locally modified endoloop and reusable trocars were used to reduce the cost. Appendectomy was performed extra-abdominally after the appendix was identified by using a laparoscope through one port and then delivered outside through the second port using reusable laparoscopy instruments. The two-trocar technique was successful in 101 (78.3%) cases; 14 (10.8%) needed a third trocar to complete the operation extra-abdominally, 6 (4.6%) were converted to open surgery, and 5 (3.8%) had an intra-abdominal laparoscopic appendectomy. The mean operation time was 35 minutes (range, 30-90 minutes). Six cases (4.6%) had infection. The mean hospital stay was 2.8 days (range, 2-7 days). No case of port hernia was reported during the follow-up period (range, 14-30 months). The laparoscope-assisted two-trocar technique for removal of the appendix can be performed as safely and efficiently as the open technique, but at a lower cost than the complete laparoscopic "in" method and does not need much technical expertise. This method is recommended as an alternative procedure to open appendectomy or the complete laparoscopic "in" technique in adults.
Shao, Pengfei; Yin, Changjun; Li, Jie; Li, Pu; Ju, Xiaobing; Lyu, Qiang; Meng, Xiaoxin; Hua, Lixin
To study the technique and clinical outcomes of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy for high risk prostate cancer. A total of 65 patients with high risk prostate cancer were treated with surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2011 to June 2013. The mean age was 67 years (range 45-75 years). The mean preoperative prostate specific antigen (PSA) level was 26.7 µg/L (range 11.2-65.5 µg/L). The transrectal biopsy revealed Gleason score of 3+3 in 4 patients, Gleason 3+4 in 27 patients, Gleason 4+3 in 11 patients, Gleason 4+4 in 21 patients and Gleason 4+5 in 2 patients. The bone metastasis was excluded by scintigraphy examination. The surgical procedures were performed through transperitoneal approach. Extended pelvic lymph nodes dissection was performed after the removal of the prostate. Adjuvant radiotherapy or hormonal therapy was administrated according to the pathological results. Serum PSA was detected every 1 to 2 month and urinary continence was evaluated every 3 month in the first year, and then serum PSA was detected every 2 to 3 month. The mean operative time was (134±21) minutes and the median blood loss was (300±146) ml. Bladder neck reconstruction was performed in 15 cases. The drainage was removed on postoperative day 4 and the catheter was removed on day 7. Pathologic results demonstrated pT2 in 25 patients, pT3a in 28 patients, pT3b in 9 patients and pT4 in 3 patients. Positive surgical margin was presented in 15 patients. A median of 19 lymph nodes (range 11-24 nodes) were retrieved during lymphadenectomy and 11 patients had lymph nodes metastasis with a total of 19 positive nodes. Forty-three patients recovered continence after the removal of catheter. Eleven patients received adjuvant hormonal therapy and 19 patients received adjuvant radiation therapy. With the median of 20 months follow-up (range 12-30 months), 5 patients got biochemical recurrence. Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy with extended
Nunez Bragayrac, Luciano A; Machuca, Victor; Saenz, Eric; Cabrera, Marino; de Andrade, Robert; Sotelo, Rene J
Abstract Objective: To describe the management of the distal ureter during radical nephroureterectomy with the transvesical laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (T-LESS) approach. Methods: Between January 2010 and October 2013, five patients underwent laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract carcinoma (UTUC) with the T-LESS approach. Patients were placed in the supine position. A 2.5-cm skin incision was made in the line between the pubis and the umbilicus. The bladder was identified and a multiport was inserted into the bladder. The patients were repositioned to a lateral decubitus position; pneumovesicum was established and the ureteral openings were identified. We marked the bladder cuff with electrocautery all the way through to the extravesical fat. The bladder defect was sealed with sutures. After checking for any leak or bleeding, the multiport was removed and the bladder was closed. At this point, we continued with nephrectomy by standard laparoscopy or LESS. A 18F Foley catheter was placed into the bladder. Results: The mean age was 70 years (range 58-81 years), the mean operative time was 198 minutes (range 115-390 minutes), the mean time for the management of the distal ureter was 35 minutes (range 27-45 minutes), the mean estimated blood loss was 234 mL (range 60-850 mL), and the mean hospital stay was 3.8 days (range 2-8 days). In all patients the bladder cuff was free of disease. Conclusion: The transvesical laparoendoscopic single-site approach to the distal ureter for UTUC appears safe and reproducible, with faster closure of the bladder defect and improved cosmesis.
Kondo, Tsunenori; Takagi, Toshio; Morita, Satoru; Omae, Kenji; Hashimoto, Yasunobu; Kobayashi, Hirohito; Iizuka, Junpei; Yoshida, Kazuhiko; Fukuda, Norihiro; Tanabe, Kazunari
To determine the influence of the early unclamping technique on the risk of renal artery pseudoaneurysm during robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. From January 2013 to October 2014, 96 patients underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for renal masses at Tokyo Women's Medical University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. Computed tomography angiography was carried out 3-4 days after surgery. Early in the series, renal hilum was left unclamped and renorrhaphy was subsequently carried out (conventional unclamping technique). An early unclamping technique has been used since November 2013. A total of 61 patients underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with early unclamping, and 35 patients underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with conventional unclamping. Ischemia time was significantly shorter in the early unclamping group (16.5 vs. 23.1 min; P robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. © 2015 The Japanese Urological Association.
Anuar I. Mitre
Full Text Available Objective. Analyze the learning curve for laparoscopic radical prostatectomy in a low volume program. Materials and Methods. A single surgeon operated on 165 patients. Patients were consecutively divided in 3 groups of 55 patients (groups A, B, and C. An enhancement of estimated blood loss, surgery length, and presence of a positive surgical margin were all considered as a function of surgeon’s experience. Results. Operative time was 267 minutes for group A, 230 minutes for group B, and 159 minutes for group C, and the operative time decreased over time, but a significant difference was present only between groups A and C (. Mean estimated blood loss was 328 mL, 254 mL, and 206 mL (. A conversion to open surgery was necessary in 4 patients in group A. Positive surgical margin rates were 29.1%, 21.8%, and 5.5% (. Eight patients in group A, 4 patients in group B, and one in group C had biochemical recurrence. Conclusion. Significantly less intraoperative complications were evident after the first 51 cases. All other parameters (blood loss, operative time, and positive surgical margins significantly decreased and stabilized after 110 cases. Those outcomes were somehow similar to previous published series by high-volume centers.
Weimin, Yu; Haga, Nobuhiro; Yanagida, Tomohiko; Kurita, Noriaki; Akihata, Hidenori; Kojima, Yoshiyuki
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether patients' body habitus affects the operative difficulties associated with extraperitoneal laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP). Therefore, the associations between body habitus and perioperative outcomes of surgery, including bleeding, operative time, and resection margins, were evaluated. Between August 2010 and July 2012, 40 consecutive patients with preoperative magnetic resonance imaging and abdominal X-ray examinations underwent extraperitoneal LRP for localized prostate cancer at our institution. The associations between anthropometric measurements and demographics of patients, operation duration, estimated blood loss (EBL), and resection margins were analyzed retrospectively. Multivariate analyses were performed, and P < .05 was considered significant. On multiple regression analysis, the view of the prostatic apex (VPA) was significantly associated with EBL (P = .02), and body mass index (BMI) was significantly associated with operative time (P = .02). On multiple logistic regression analysis, protrusion of the prostate into the bladder was significantly associated with positive resection margins (P = .04). The findings of the present study suggest that poor VPA, protrusion of the prostate into the bladder, and high BMI were related to operative difficulties in extraperitoneal LRP. If operative difficulty is predicted preoperatively, it would be better to prepare blood for transfusion and/or special instruments (e.g. flexible scope), or switch to other therapeutic procedures.
Akaihata, Hidenori; Haga, Nobuhiro; Yanagida, Tomohiko; Aikawa, Ken; Ishibashi, Kei; Takahashi, Norio; Ogawa, Souichiro; Oguro, Toshiki; Kataoka, Masao; Kojima, Yoshiyuki
Because of the limited working space available during retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN), the body habitus of the patient is likely to affect the risk of operative difficulties. This study sought to determine whether anthropometric measurements based on CT and abdominal radiography could be used to predict operative difficulties during retroperitoneal LRN. Between August 2004 and January 2012, 96 consecutive patients with preoperative CT and abdominal radiography examinations underwent retroperitoneal LRN for a T(1) or T(2) stage renal tumor at our institution. The association between anthropometric measurements and demographics of patients and operative duration, estimated blood loss (EBL), and perioperative complications were retrospectively analyzed. Multivariate analysis was performed, and P<0.05 was considered significant. Anterior perirenal fat distance (P=0.016) and distance from the 12th rib to the iliac crest (P=0.038) were independently associated with operative duration. Only anterior perirenal fat distance (P=0.001) was independently associated with EBL. No intraoperative complications and reoperations occurred. The occurrence or severity of postoperative complications was not significantly associated with anthropometric measurements. Body mass index ≥25.0 kg/m(2) was not significantly associated with operative difficulties. The anterior perirenal fat distance and the distance from the 12th rib to the iliac crest can be used to predict operative difficulties during retroperitoneal LRN.
van Velthoven, Roland F P
Radical prostatectomy is the standard treatment for localized prostate cancer; its translation to a laparoscopic approach is considered today not only as feasible and reproducible but also as a valid and teachable alternative to its open counterpart. Beyond the "classical" transperitoneal antegrade route codified by the Montsouris group, several extraperitoneal approaches were developed, claiming clinical equivalence and reduced risks of morbidity and operative times. This article summarizes various aspects of different approaches and their outcome. Complications reported about transperitoneal procedures definitely further the discovery or learning curves of the pioneering teams; the groups who developed extraperitoneal alternatives established their "new approaches" on a solid base of technical skills, acquired transperitoneally. Beyond the unsurpassed qualities of visual and working spaces belonging to the transperitoneal route, which should be taken into account with respect to teaching, transperitoneal antegrade approach to the prostate enables the surgeon with early hemostatic control and essential tactical choices to achieve negative surgical margins. So far, as oncological and functional results of both approaches seem equivalent, both approaches should be further developed and remain available for teaching purposes. The true benefit for patients lies more in global quality control of surgery than in an obsessional search for alternatives to established techniques that have already stood the proof of time.
Lucas Marques Colomé
Full Text Available This paper describes a case of laparoscopic-assisted ovariohysterectomy in a female cat presenting pyometra and mammary fibroadenomatous hyperplasia. Using four portals, mesovarium were ligated by titanium ligature clips whereas the uterine vessels were occluded by video-assisted conventional ligatures. There were no postoperative complications. Video-assisted technique can be an alternative method for treatment of pyometra and cystic endometrial hyperplasia in female cats.
Manley, Lauren; Gibson, Luke; Papa, Nathan; Beharry, Bhawanie Koonj; Johnson, Liana; Lawrentschuk, Nathan; Bolton, Damien M
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) assessment and training before and after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP) in improving PFM strength and urinary continence. We performed an analysis of a database of patients who underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP) performed by two urologists from 2011 to 2013. Pelvic floor muscle (PFM) activation and strength were graded by a trained pelvic floor physiotherapist. Patients were given an exercise program, grouped according to the strength of their pelvic floor as graded by assessment, to complete before and after surgery. PFM strength was recorded preoperatively, 4 days post-catheter removal and 4 weeks post-catheter removal. Continence was recorded at 4 weeks postop and was defined as the requirement of no continence aids. A total of 98 patients had RARP and a preoperative physiotherapy assessment plus postoperative appointments at around 1 and 4 weeks post-RARP. The majority of men improved their PFM strength regardless of preoperative strength with no significant predictors of postoperative strength found. Age was the only significant predictor of postoperative incontinence. In this pilot study, a majority of patients increased their pelvic floor strength with time. Pelvic floor physiotherapy is an important modifiable patient factor, which does have an impact in improving patients' urinary continence by strengthening the pelvic floor muscles. Patient age influences response to pelvic floor physiotherapy.
Deng, Runshu; Mo, Linyao; He, Xihua; Chen, Jianhua; Cai, Renjun; Wang, Zaiguo; Huang, Shichuan; Lu, Huanquan; Huang, Zhaolun; Wu, Zhiming
To investigate the clinical application of 256 multi-slice spiral computed tomography angiography (MSCTA) technique in the preoperative evaluation of mesenteric angiography in order to provide a reference to vessel anatomy and dissociation in laparoscopic radical operation for colorectal carcinoma. Clinical data of 50 patients with colorectal cancer who underwent preoperative MSCTA+FDCT and laparoscopic curative operation at our hospital from October 2013 to March 2015 were collected (MSCTA group). The evaluation item was visualization of mesenteric artery, which was compared with the findings under laparoscopic surgery. Meanwhile, another 50 colorectal cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical operation by the same surgeon team without preoperative MSCTA examination were used as control(control group). Clinical data were compared between the two groups. MSCTA precisely and correctly demonstrated anatomy and variations of the mesenteric artery and relative nutrient vessel in carcinoma. The angiography reconstruction images were consistent with the visual anatomy and variation from laparoscopic findings, whose diagnostic conformity rate of 100%. As compared to control group, operative time was shorter [(195.0±23.2) minutes vs.(218.0±19.6) minutes, t=8.326, P=0.015], and blood loss was less[(168.1±18.8) ml vs. (206.5±14.3) ml, t=-19.369, P=0.002] in MSCTA group. Differences of number of harvested lymph node, postoperative complication morbidity, postoperative hospital stay and hospitalization cost were not significant between two groups(all P>0.05). Preoperative MSCTA can demonstrate anatomy and variations of the mesenteric artery precisely and correctly, thus it is beneficial to shorten the operation time and to reduce blood loss.
V. A. Gudebskaya
Full Text Available Rationale: One of the most complicated and unresolved problems in clinical medicine is the choice of an optimal method for organ-preservation treatment of uterine fibroids in women of childbearing age. Aim: To assess clinical efficacy of robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy. Materials and methods: The search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Trip, Cochrane, DocMe databases by keywords: “fibroids”, “robot”, “da Vinci”, “robotic myomectomy”, “robot-assisted myomectomy”. Results: We found 25 publications on robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy, including 6 papers on its reproductive outcomes (levels of evidence II–IV. Duration of robot-assisted surgery ranged from 132 to 261 minutes, intraoperative blood loss was in the range from 50 to 387 mL, postoperative hospital stay ranged from 1 to 3.9 days. There was a lower percentage of intra- and postoperative complications after the robot-assisted interventions, compared to abdominal or classic laparoscopic access, as well as a lower percentage of conversion laparotomies compared to laparoscopy. Pregnancy rates after robotic myomectomy ranged from 16.7 to 69%. Only one case of uterine rupture after robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy has been described in the literature. Conclusion: Due to high cost of the method, the number of conducted studies is insufficient to evaluate the role of robotic technologies in the organ-preservation approach to uterine fibroids. Nevertheless, they suggest that robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy is justified in women of childbearing age who are planning pregnancy, with big centripetally growing intramural nodes and deformation of the uterine cavity. This technique on its own is an independent method for fertility restoration and could be the first step before the use of assisted reproductive technology.
Zhou, Han-Xin; Guo, Yue-Hua; Yu, Xiao-Fang; Bao, Shi-Yun; Liu, Jia-Lin; Zhang, Yue; Ren, Yong-Gong; Zheng, Qun
To summarize the performing essentials and analyze the characteristics of remote Zeus robot-assisted laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Robot-assisted laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed in 40 patients between May 2004 and July 2005. The operating procedures and a variety of clinical parameters were recorded and analyzed. Forty laparoscopic cholecystectomy procedures were successfully completed with Zeus robotic system. And there were no post-operative complications. Total operating time, system setup time and performing time were 100.3 +/- 18.5 min, 27.7 +/- 8.8 min and 65.6 +/- 18.3 min, respectively. The blood loss and post-operative hospital stay were 30.6 +/- 10.2 mL and 2.8 +/- 0.8 d, respectively. Camera clearing times and time used for operative field adjustment were 1.1+/- 1.0 min and 2.0 +/- 0.8 min, respectively. The operative error was 7.5%. Robot-assisted laparoscopic cholecystectomy following the principles of laparoscopic operation has specific performing essentials. It preserves the benefits of minimally invasive surgery and offers enhanced ability of controlling operation field, precise and stable operative manipulations.
Leblanc, Fabien; Senagore, Anthony J; Ellis, Clyde N; Champagne, Bradley J; Augestad, Knut M; Neary, Paul C; Delaney, Conor P
The aim of this study was to compare a simulator with the human cadaver model for hand-assisted laparoscopic colorectal skills acquisition training. An observational prospective comparative study was conducted to compare the laparoscopic surgery training models. The study took place during the laparoscopic colectomy training course performed at the annual scientific meeting of the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons. Thirty four practicing surgeons performed hand-assisted laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy on human cadavers (n = 7) and on an augmented reality simulator (n = 27). Prior laparoscopic colorectal experience was assessed. Trainers and trainees completed independently objective structured assessment forms. Training models were compared by trainees' technical skills scores, events scores, and satisfaction. Prior laparoscopic experience was similar in both surgeon groups. Generic and specific skills scores were similar on both training models. Generic events scores were significantly better on the cadaver model. The 2 most frequent generic events occurring on the simulator were poor hand-eye coordination and inefficient use of retraction. Specific events were scored better on the simulator and reached the significance limit (p = 0.051) for trainers. The specific events occurring on the cadaver were intestinal perforation and left ureter identification difficulties. Overall satisfaction was better for the cadaver than for the simulator model (p = 0.009). With regard to skills scores, the augmented reality simulator had adequate qualities for the hand-assisted laparoscopic colectomy training. Nevertheless, events scores highlighted weaknesses of the anatomical replication on the simulator. Although improvements likely will be required to incorporate the simulator more routinely into the colorectal training, it may be useful in its current form for more junior trainees or those early on their learning curve. Copyright 2010 Association of Program
Jose Roberto Colombo Junior
Full Text Available Purpose: To report the initial experience on robot-assisted radical prostatectomy in Brazil. Methods: From March 2008 to March 2009, a hundred patients were treated with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Patient’s demographic data, as well as perioperative results of the procedures, are described in this study. Rresults: Patients’ mean age and mean PSA were 58 years and 7.58 ng/ml, respectively. All procedures were performed through transperitoneal approach, with a mean bleeding of 480 mL and surgical time of 298 minutes. A surgical margin affected by cancer was present in 16% of the cases. There were four complications: bleeding requiring transfusion (two cases, rectal perforation corrected on the spot and inadequate functioning of the robot. There was no conversion to another access or obit occurrences in this caseload. Cconclusions: Robot-assisted prostatectomy is a reality in Brazil and the results herein presented demonstrate that this procedure can be safely performed. Long-term follow-up is still necessary to assess the oncological and functional outcomes.
Bocca, Silvina; Stadtmauer, Laurel; Oehninger, Sergio
Laparoscopic techniques have revolutionized the concept of minimally invasive surgery. Robotically assisted surgery is one of the latest innovations in this field and many operative laparoscopic procedures have been performed in urology, cardiac and general surgery. More recently, the use of robotically assisted techniques have been introduced in gynaecology, and most available studies have shown it to be a safe and effective alternative to conventional laparoscopic surgery. However, whether or not to approach the management of certain gynaecological pathologies with a laparotomy or laparoscopy (conventional or with robotic aid) continues to be a point of debate. This article reviews recent developments in the endoscopic management of reproductive (tubal reanastomosis and myomectomies) and other gynaecological surgical conditions (hysterectomies, pelvic organ prolapse, repair of vesicovaginal fistulas and staging for gynaecological malignancies). Ongoing controversies associated with this technology, such as cost, learning curve, conversion rate to laparotomy, post-surgical fertility and complications, are briefly addressed. Long-term analysis of outcomes is ongoing.
Tolboom, R. C.; Broeders, I. A M J; Draaisma, W. A.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a common disorder of the GE-junction that allows gastric acid to enter the esophagus. Surgery is indicated when the presence of the disease is objectively documented. The laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication is the preferred treatment of GERD. There is no clear
Ishikawa, Ryousuke; Ko, Pil Ju; Bando, Masashi; Kurokawa, Yasuyoshi; Sandhu, Adarsh; Konagai, Makoto
Carrier doping of graphene is one of the most challenging issues that needs to be solved to enable its use in various applications. We developed a carrier doping method using radical-assisted conjugated organic molecules in the liquid phase and demonstrated all-wet fabrication process of doped graphene films without any vacuum process. Charge transfer interaction between graphene and dopant molecules was directly investigated by spectroscopic studies. The resistivity of the doped graphene films was drastically decreased by two orders of magnitude. The resistivity was improved by not only carrier doping but the improvement in adhesion of doped graphene flakes. First-principles calculation supported the model of our doping mechanism.
Shi, Ruxia; Wei, Weiwei; Jiang, Pengcheng
To evaluate the histopathology of autonomic nerve removal within the cardinal ligaments (CLs), patients' postoperative urinary function, and the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy (LNSRH) for treatment of early-stage cervical cancer. Perioperative and postoperative parameters were compared between patients with biopsy-proven, early-stage cervical carcinoma treated with LNSRH (n = 64) versus those treated with laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH, n = 42) in a retrospective study. Nerves within CLs were identified by hematoxylin-eosin staining. Rates of the following complications were compared: bladder function, sexual dysfunction, and defecation problems. Duration of surgery, intraoperative blood loss, duration of hospitalization, and morbidity did not differ significantly between the LNSRH and LRH groups. Patients who underwent LNSRH had a significantly earlier return of bladder and bowel functions, with an average time to achieve residual urine of 50 mL or less of 10.22 days and a mean first defecation time of 3.58 days. Nerves were observed mainly in the CLs of the LRH group. Disease-free survival rate did not differ between the LNSRH (90.6%) and LRH (88.1%) groups (P = 0.643). The LNSRH is a safe, feasible, and easy procedure for trained laparoscopic surgeons. Patients who underwent LNSRH had a more satisfactory quality of life than patients who underwent LRH.
Full Text Available PURPOSE: Radical nephrectomy can be performed using open or laparoscopic (with or without hand assistance methods, and most recently using the da Vinci Surgical Robotic System. We evaluated the perioperative outcomes using a contemporary cohort of patients undergoing radical nephrectomy by one of the above 4 methods performed by the same surgeon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The relevant clinical information on 57 consecutive patients undergoing radical nephrectomy from September 2000 until July 2004 by a single surgeon was entered in a Microsoft Access DatabaseTM and queried. Following appropriate statistical analysis, p values < 0.05 were considered significant. RESULTS: Of 57 patients, the open, robotic, laparoscopy with or without hand assistance radical nephrectomy were performed in 18, 6, 21, and 12 patients, respectively. The age, sex, body mass index (BMI, incidence of malignancy, specimen and tumor size, tumor stage, Fuhrman grade, hospital stay, change in postoperative creatinine, drop in hemoglobin, and perioperative complications were not significantly different between the methods. While the estimated median blood loss, postoperative narcotic use for pain control, and hospital stay were significantly higher in the open surgery method (p < 0.05, the median operative time was significantly shorter compared to the robotic method (p = 0.02. Operating room costs were significantly higher in the robotic and laparoscopic groups; however, there was no significant difference in total hospital costs between the 4 groups. CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrates that radical nephrectomy can be safely performed either by open, robotic, or laparoscopic with or without hand assistance methods without significant difference in perioperative complication rates. A larger cohort and longer follow up are needed to validate our findings and establish oncological outcomes.
Emma F. P. Jacobs
Full Text Available Since the introduction of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RALP, robotics has become increasingly more commonplace in the armamentarium of the urologic surgeon. Robotic utilization has exploded across surgical disciplines well beyond the fields of urology and prostate surgery. The literature detailing technical steps, comparison of large surgical series, and even robotically focused randomized control trials are available for review. RALP, the first robot-assisted surgical procedure to achieve widespread use, has recently become the primary approach for the surgical management of localized prostate cancer. As a result, surgeons are constantly trying to refine and improve upon current technical aspects of the operation. Recent areas of published modifications include bladder neck anastomosis and reconstruction, bladder drainage, nerve sparing approaches and techniques, and perioperative and postoperative management including penile rehabilitation. In this review, we summarize recent advances in perioperative management and surgical technique for RALP.
Ashfaq, Awais; Chapital, Alyssa B; Johnson, Daniel J; Staley, Linda L; Arabia, Francisco A; Harold, Kristi L
Objectives Increasing number of mechanical circulatory assist devices (MCADs) are being placed in heart failure patients. Morbidity from device placement is high and the outcome of patients who require noncardiac surgery after, is unclear. As laparoscopic interventions are associated with decreased morbidity, we examined the impact of such procedures in these patients. Methods A retrospective review was conducted on 302 patients who underwent MCAD placement from 2005 to 2012. All laparoscopic abdominal surgeries were included and impact on postoperative morbidity and mortality studied. Results Ten out of 16 procedures were laparoscopic with 1 conversion to open. Seven patients had a HeartMate II, 2 had Total Artificial Hearts, and 1 had CentriMag. Four patients had devices for ischemic cardiomyopathy and 6 cases were emergent. Surgeries included 6 laparoscopic cholecystectomies, 2 exploratory laparoscopies, 1 laparoscopic colostomy takedown, and 1 laparoscopic ventral hernia repair with mesh. Median age of the patients was 63 years (range, 29-79 years). Median operative time was 123 minutes (range, 30-380 minutes). Five of 10 patients were on preoperative anticoagulation with average intraoperative blood loss of 150 mL (range, 20-700 mL). There were 3 postoperative complications; acute respiratory failure, acute kidney injury and multisystem organ failure resulting in death not related to the surgical procedure. Conclusion The need for noncardiac surgery in post-MCAD patients is increasing due to limited donors and due to more durable and longer support from newer generation assist devices. While surgery should be approached with caution in this high-risk group, laparoscopic surgery appears to be a safe and successful treatment option. © The Author(s) 2016.
Kim, Min Gyu; Yook, Jeong Hwan; Kim, Kap Choong; Kim, Tae Hwan; Kim, Hee Sung; Kim, Beom Su; Kim, Byung Sik
The aim of this study is to estimate the impact of obesity on surgical outcomes of laparoscopic-assisted gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Between January 2005 and January 2010, 1100 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic-assisted distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer were reviewed to evaluate the impact of obesity. The patients were classified into 3 groups according to the World Health Organization classification, as normal weight [body mass index (BMI) 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m], overweight (BMI 25 to 29.9 kg/m), and obese patients (BMI ≥30 kg/m). The postoperative complication rates for normal weight, overweight, and obese patients were 5.7%, 10.0%, 15.4%, respectively. Overweight and obese patients had a significantly prolonged operation time, increased intraoperative blood loss, prolonged first flatus, day of commencement of soft diet, increased number of administration of analgesics, and prolonged hospital stay. Overweight and obesity were associated with poor early surgical outcomes of laparoscopic-assisted gastrectomy. This study suggested that greater cautions and improved surgical techniques were required to improve early surgical outcomes of laparoscopic-assisted gastrectomy for overweight and obese patients.
Klop, K.W.; Kok, N.F.; Dols, L.F.; D'Ancona, F.C.H.; Adang, E.M.M.; Grutters, J.P.C.; Ijzermans, J.N.M.
BACKGROUND: Live kidney donation has a clear economical benefit over dialysis and deceased-donor transplantation. Compared with mini-incision open donor nephrectomy, laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) is considered cost-effective. However, little is known on the cost-effectiveness of hand-assisted
Alwayn Ian PJ
Full Text Available Abstract Background Transplantation is the only treatment offering long-term benefit to patients with chronic kidney failure. Live donor nephrectomy is performed on healthy individuals who do not receive direct therapeutic benefit of the procedure themselves. In order to guarantee the donor's safety, it is important to optimise the surgical approach. Recently we demonstrated the benefit of laparoscopic nephrectomy experienced by the donor. However, this method is characterised by higher in hospital costs, longer operating times and it requires a well-trained surgeon. The hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic technique may be an alternative to a complete laparoscopic, transperitoneal approach. The peritoneum remains intact and the risk of visceral injuries is reduced. Hand-assistance results in a faster procedure and a significantly reduced operating time. The feasibility of this method has been demonstrated recently, but as to date there are no data available advocating the use of one technique above the other. Methods/design The HARP-trial is a multi-centre randomised controlled, single-blind trial. The study compares the hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic approach with standard laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. The objective is to determine the best approach for live donor nephrectomy to optimise donor's safety and comfort while reducing donation related costs. Discussion This study will contribute to the evidence on any benefits of hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic versus standard laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. Trial Registration Dutch Trial Register NTR1433
Full Text Available Guillain-Barre Syndrome is a well described acute demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy with a likely autoimmune basis characterized by progressive ascending muscle paralysis. Classically, GBS is attributed to antecedent upper respiratory and gastrointestinal infections. We present the first case of GBS after Robotically Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy using the daVinci® Surgical System.
Brenkman, Hylke J F; Parry, Kevin; Van Hillegersberg, Richard; Ruurda, Jelle P.
Background: There is no consensus on the optimal technique for hiatal hernia (HH) repair, and considerable recurrence rates are reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the perioperative outcomes, quality of life (QoL), and recurrence rate in patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic HH
Azawi, Nessn H; Christensen, Tom
was dissected using hand-assisted laparoscopic technique, the gerotic fascia was dissected and a complete exploration of the kidney was achieved. A vascular bulldog clamp was removed from the renal artery immediately after the tumour resection bed had been closed with a running suture with Hem-o-Lok clips...
Hoddinott, Katie; Singh, Ameet; Crawford, Evan C.; Guieu, Elizabeth V.; Richardson, Danielle
An 8-year-old, spayed female, bichon frisé dog had incidental nodules within its falciform ligament identified on routine abdominal ultrasonography. A laparoscopic-assisted technique provided both a diagnostic and a therapeutic treatment option. A histopathological diagnosis of hemangiosarcoma was made. This is the second case reporting hemangiosarcoma of the falciform fat.
Dols, L.F.; Kok, N.F.; D'Ancona, F.C.H.; Klop, K.W.; Tran, T.C.K.; Langenhuijsen, J.F.; Terkivatan, T.; Dor, F.J.; Weimar, W.; Dooper, I.; Ijzermans, J.N.M.
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) has become the gold standard for live-donor nephrectomy, as it results in a short convalescence time and increased quality of life. However, intraoperative safety has been debated, as severe complications occur incidentally. Hand-assisted
Hoddinott, Katie; Singh, Ameet; Crawford, Evan C; Guieu, Elizabeth V; Richardson, Danielle
An 8-year-old, spayed female, bichon frisé dog had incidental nodules within its falciform ligament identified on routine abdominal ultrasonography. A laparoscopic-assisted technique provided both a diagnostic and a therapeutic treatment option. A histopathological diagnosis of hemangiosarcoma was made. This is the second case reporting hemangiosarcoma of the falciform fat.
Sugihara, Toru; Yasunaga, Hideo; Horiguchi, Hiromasa; Matsui, Hiroki; Fujimura, Tetsuya; Nishimatsu, Hiroaki; Fukuhara, Hiroshi; Kume, Haruki; Changhong, Yu; Kattan, Michael W; Fushimi, Kiyohide; Homma, Yukio
In 2012, Japanese national insurance started covering robot-assisted surgery. We carried out a population-based comparison between robot-assisted and three other types of radical prostatectomy to evaluate the safety of robot-assisted prostatectomy during its initial year. We abstracted data for 7202 open, 2483 laparoscopic, 1181 minimal incision endoscopic, and 2126 robot-assisted radical prostatectomies for oncological stage T3 or less from the Diagnosis Procedure Combination database (April 2012–March 2013). Complication rate, transfusion rate, anesthesia time, postoperative length of stay, and cost were evaluated by pairwise one-to-one propensity-score matching and multivariable analyses with covariants of age, comorbidity, oncological stage, hospital volume, and hospital academic status. The proportion of robot-assisted radical prostatectomies dramatically increased from 8.6% to 24.1% during the first year. Compared with open, laparoscopic, and minimal incision endoscopic surgery, robot-assisted surgery was generally associated with a significantly lower complication rate (odds ratios, 0.25, 0.20, 0.33, respectively), autologous transfusion rate (0.04, 0.31, 0.10), homologous transfusion rate (0.16, 0.48, 0.14), lower cost excluding operation (differences, −5.1%, −1.8% [not significant], −10.8%) and shorter postoperative length of stay (–9.1%, +0.9% [not significant], –18.5%, respectively). However, robot-assisted surgery also resulted in a + 42.6% increase in anesthesia time and +52.4% increase in total cost compared with open surgery (all P robotic surgery led to a dynamic change in prostate cancer surgery. Even in its initial year, robot-assisted radical prostatectomy was carried out with several favorable safety aspects compared to the conventional surgeries despite its having the longest anesthesia time and the highest cost. PMID:25183452
Sugihara, Toru; Yasunaga, Hideo; Horiguchi, Hiromasa; Matsui, Hiroki; Fujimura, Tetsuya; Nishimatsu, Hiroaki; Fukuhara, Hiroshi; Kume, Haruki; Changhong, Yu; Kattan, Michael W; Fushimi, Kiyohide; Homma, Yukio
In 2012, Japanese national insurance started covering robot-assisted surgery. We carried out a population-based comparison between robot-assisted and three other types of radical prostatectomy to evaluate the safety of robot-assisted prostatectomy during its initial year. We abstracted data for 7202 open, 2483 laparoscopic, 1181 minimal incision endoscopic, and 2126 robot-assisted radical prostatectomies for oncological stage T3 or less from the Diagnosis Procedure Combination database (April 2012-March 2013). Complication rate, transfusion rate, anesthesia time, postoperative length of stay, and cost were evaluated by pairwise one-to-one propensity-score matching and multivariable analyses with covariants of age, comorbidity, oncological stage, hospital volume, and hospital academic status. The proportion of robot-assisted radical prostatectomies dramatically increased from 8.6% to 24.1% during the first year. Compared with open, laparoscopic, and minimal incision endoscopic surgery, robot-assisted surgery was generally associated with a significantly lower complication rate (odds ratios, 0.25, 0.20, 0.33, respectively), autologous transfusion rate (0.04, 0.31, 0.10), homologous transfusion rate (0.16, 0.48, 0.14), lower cost excluding operation (differences, -5.1%, -1.8% [not significant], -10.8%) and shorter postoperative length of stay (-9.1%, +0.9% [not significant], -18.5%, respectively). However, robot-assisted surgery also resulted in a + 42.6% increase in anesthesia time and +52.4% increase in total cost compared with open surgery (all P robotic surgery led to a dynamic change in prostate cancer surgery. Even in its initial year, robot-assisted radical prostatectomy was carried out with several favorable safety aspects compared to the conventional surgeries despite its having the longest anesthesia time and the highest cost. © 2014 The Authors. Cancer Science published by Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd on behalf of Japanese Cancer Association.
Bodur, Serkan; Dede, Murat; Fidan, Ulas; Firatligil, Burcin F; Ulubay, Mustafa; Ozturk, Mustafa; Yenen, Mufit C
The use of robotics for benign etiology in gynecology has not proven to be more beneficial when compared to traditional laparoscopy. The major concern regarding robotic hysterectomy stems from its high cost. To evaluate the clinical utility and effectiveness of one-arm reduced robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy as a cost-effective surgical option for total robotic hysterectomy. A sample population of 54 women who underwent robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery for benign gynecologic indications was evaluated, and two groups were identified: (1) the two-armed robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery group (n = 38 patients), and (2) the three-armed robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery group (n = 16 patients). An increased cost was observed when three-armed robotic surgery was employed for benign gynecologic surgery (p robotic arm reduction and vaginal closure of the cuff. This cost reduction was achieved without an increase in complication rates or undesirable postoperative outcomes. An estimated profit between $399.5 and $421.5 was made for each patient depending on the suture material chosen for cuff closure. Two-armed surgery resulted in an 18.6% reduction in procedure-specific costs for robotic hysterectomy. Two-armed robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy appears to be a cost-effective solution for robotic gynecologic surgery. This surgical solution can be performed as effectively as classical three-armed robotic hysterectomies for benign indications without the risk of increased surgical-related morbidities. This approach has the potential to be a widely preferred surgical approach in medical communities where cost reduction is one of the primary determinants of surgery type.
Zhang, Shisong; Li, Juan; Wu, Yurui; Hu, Yuanjun; Duan, Chunhong; Wang, Meiyun; Gai, Zhongtao
Abstract The purpose of this meta-analysis is to compare the relative merits among laparoscopic-assisted operations and laparotomy operations for patients with Hirschsprung disease. PubMed, Web of Science, and Wanfang databases were searched for the related articles. We analyzed dichotomous variables by estimating odds ratios (ORs) with their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and continuous variables using the weighted mean difference (WMD) with the 95% CI. The random-effects model (REM) was used to combine the results. The outcome measures included operating time (OT), estimated blood loss (EBL), length of hospital stay (LOHS), mean first bowel movement (MFBM), and number of complications. Sixteen articles were included in the meta-analysis. These studies involved a total of 774 patients, 396 of whom underwent laparoscopic-assisted operations and 378 of whom underwent laparotomy operations. The EBL (WMD = −1.48, 95% CI = −1.82, −1.13), LOHS (WMD = −0.67, 95% CI = −0.86, −0.49), MFBM (WMD = −0.83, 95% CI = −1.05, −0.61), and number of complications (OR = 0.60, 95% CI = 0.40, 0.89) were significantly lower in laparoscopic-assisted operations than in laparotomy operations. The OT (WMD = 0.12, 95% CI = −0.05, 0.28) showed no significant differences between laparoscopic-assisted operations and laparotomy operations. Compared with laparotomy operations, laparoscopic-assisted operations are generally safer and more reliable for patients with Hirschsprung disease. PMID:26426651
V. B. Matveev
Full Text Available Objective: to compare immediate, oncological, and functional results, as well as quality of life in patients undergoing open and laparoscopic transperitoneal radical nephrectomy (RNE for clinically localized kidney cancer (KC.Subjects and methods. Data from 426 cT1-2N0M0 KC patients after radical nephrectomy in 1991 to 2011 were retrospectively selected. Their median age was 57 years. The male/female ratio was 1.1:1. The median highest tumor diameter was 5.0±2.2 cm. RNE was carried out in all 426 patients: in 211 (49.5 % patients through open access and in 215 (50.5 % through transperitoneal laparoscopic one. The patient groups operated on via different accesses were matched for major signs; however, the laparoscopy group displayed a preponderance of cT1a tumors. The median follow-up was 50.0±12.3 months.Results. There were no significant differences in the frequency of intraoperative and postoperative complications of laparoscopic and open nephrectomies. The five-year overall, specific, and relapse-free survival rates in the patients who had undergone open nephrectomy were 95.4, 98.4, and 92.2 %, respectively; those in the patients who had laparoscopic nephrectomy were 94.5, 100.0, and 93.6 %, respectively (p > 0.05 for all. The incidence of acute renal dysfunction and its distribution according to the RIFLE classes, the rate of acute dialysis and that of a decrease and a continued reduction in glomerular filtration rate, as well as the distribution of patients according to the stages of chronic kidney disease after RNE did not depend on the surgical access (p > 0.05 for all. The QLQ-30 survey data show that the laparoscopic access versus the laparotomic one improves quality of life within 1 month after RNE.Conclusion. Laparoscopic transperitoneal RNE is a safe alternative to open surgery that can improve quality of life in the patients with clinically localized kidney cancer within one month after surgical intervention.
Yamada, Yuta; Fujimura, Tetsuya; Fukuhara, Hiroshi; Sugihara, Toru; Miyazaki, Hideyo; Nakagawa, Tohru; Kume, Haruki; Igawa, Yasuhiko; Homma, Yukio
To investigate predictors of continence outcomes after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Clinical records of 272 patients who underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy were investigated. Preoperative Overactive Bladder Symptom Score, International Prostate Symptom Score and clinicopathological factors were investigated, and relationships between factors and recovery of continence after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy were assessed. The presence of overactive bladder was defined as having urgency for more than once a week and having ≥3 points according to the Overactive Bladder Symptom Score. Age (≤66 years) was significantly associated with continence within 6 months after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (P = 0.033). The absence of overactive bladder and lower Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (robot-assisted radical prostatectomy, Kaplan-Meier curves showed earlier recovery in "age ≤66 years," "prostate weight ≤40 g" and "overactive bladder symptom score robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. © 2017 The Japanese Urological Association.
Koenig, Joel F; Rensing, Adam; Austin, Paul F; Vricella, Gino
To report the first known case of a completely intracorporeal robotic-assisted laparoscopic ileal ureter in the pediatric population, a 12-year-old boy with near-complete replacement of his right ureter with nephrogenic adenoma and resulting debilitating renal colic. Intracorporeal robotic-assisted laparoscopic ileal ureter was performed without complication. A detailed description of our surgical technique is included. The patient had improvement in hydronephrosis and complete resolution of renal colic symptoms with minimal incisional length compared to traditional laparotomy. Intracorporeal robotic-assisted laparoscopic ileal ureter provides the benefits of minimally invasive surgery when complete ureteral replacement is needed. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Full Text Available Ileal conduit urinary diversion (Bricker is a standard surgical open procedure. The Da Vinci robot allowed precision for this surgical procedure, especially for intracorporeal suturing. Meanwhile, few reports of robot-assisted laparoscopic ileal conduit diversion (Bricker are described in the literature. We report the case of a 69-year-old patient with a vaginal recurrence of cervical adenocarcinoma associated with vesicovaginal fistula treated by robot-assisted laparoscopic partial colpectomy and ileal conduit urinary diversion (Bricker. The robot-assisted laparoscopic procedure followed all surgical steps of the open procedure. Postoperative period was free of complications.
Wallace, Mandy L; Case, J Brad; Singh, Ameet; Ellison, Gary W; Monnet, Eric
To describe a single-incision, laparoscopic-assisted technique for ovariohysterectomy and its application for treatment of mucometra and pyometra in dogs. Prospective case series. Seven dogs. Dogs were included if they had an open or closed pyometra or mucometra and an approximate uterine body diameter of less than 5 cm based on ultrasound or abdominal radiographs. Each dog underwent a laparoscopic-assisted ovariohysterectomy through a single-incision laparoscopic port. The procedure was performed in 6 dogs with pyometra and 1 dog with mucometra. Conversion to an open procedure was necessary in 1 dog with uterine rupture. A 2nd port was necessary in 1 dog to exteriorize the uterine body. Median uterine body diameter was 2.2 cm (range 2-3.9). The median surgical time was 85 minutes (range 40-110). Six of 7 dogs were released from the hospital at 1 day postoperative. Follow up ranged from 7 to 421 days and no complications were reported. A single-incision, laparoscopic-assisted technique for pyometra was feasible in dogs, given restricted case selection and experience with single-incision laparoscopy. © Copyright 2015 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.
Hoffmann, Henry; Dell-Kuster, Salome; Genstorfer, Jörg; Heizmann, Oleg; Kettelhack, Christoph; Langer, Igor; Oertli, Daniel; Rosenthal, Rachel
Adequate training and close supervision by an experienced surgeon are crucial to assure the patient safety during laparoscopic training. This study evaluated the impact of tutorial assistance on the duration of surgery and postoperative complications after laparoscopic sigmoidectomy. The data from 235 patients undergoing laparoscopic sigmoidectomy were collected. Operating surgeons were classified as either residents/registrars (group A, tutorial assistance) or consultants operating autonomously (group B). Groups were compared concerning the duration of surgery and in-hospital complications using a multivariable regression model accounting for the most relevant confounders. The median duration of the operation in group A (n = 75) was 221 min, and that in group B (n = 160) 189 min (p hospital complication (Clavien-Dindo classification I-V) was 36.0 % in Group A and 32.5 % in group B (95 % CI -16.6, 9.6 %). The risk of developing moderate to severe surgical complications (Clavien-Dindo classification II-V) was 16.0 % in group A and 12.5 % in group B (95 % CI -13.3, 6.3 %). We were unable to demonstrate a clear impact of tutorial assistance on the risk of postoperative complications. Although associated with a longer duration of surgery, laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for acute recurrent sigmoid diverticulitis conducted by a junior supervised surgeon appears to be a safe surgical modality.
Mathon, Didier H; Palierne, Sophie; Meynaud-Collard, Patricia; Layssol-Lamour, Catherine; Dulaurent-Ferrieres, Alice; Colson, Arnaud; Lacroix, Marlene; Bousquet-Melou, Alain; Delverdier, Maxence; Autefage, Andre
To describe laparoscopic-assisted colopexy and sterilization, and evaluate outcome and effects in healthy male dogs. Experimental study. Male Beagle dogs (n=7). A laparoscopic-assisted, extracorporeally sutured colopexy, and sterilization by ligation and section of the testicular vessels and ductus deferens were evaluated 11 weeks after surgery. Ex vivo tensile tests were performed on the colopexy sites and loss of testicular function was assessed by monitoring serum testosterone, and by ultrasonographic and histologic examinations of the testes. Systemic inflammation and potential iatrogenic colonic functional disorders were investigated by monitoring serum C-reactive protein (CRP) in the perioperative period and from a sulfapyridine (SP) kinetic profile obtained before and 10 weeks after surgery. No intraoperative complications were recorded and clinical outcome was considered fair in all dogs. A mean tensile force of 42 N was required to disrupt colopexies. No relevant postoperative increase in CRP concentrations or changes in SP kinetics were observed. Testicular function was lost. Laparoscopic-assisted colopexy achieved adhesion of the colon to the abdominal wall and testicular endocrine function and spermatogenesis were eliminated by laparoscopic castration. © Copyright 2011 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.
Sloth, Sigurd Beier; Rudnicki, Martin; Gimbel, Helga
-analysis was conducted and the quality of evidence was rated according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE). Results: Evidence of low quality showed no differences in the critical outcomes: reoperation, lesion of adjacent structures and vaginal cuff dehiscence...... conventional laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH). Aims: The purpose was to evaluate available evidence on RALH versus LH and to advise surgeons and decision makers in the Danish healthcare system. Methods: A search specialist conducted a systematic literature search. Results were restricted to clinical guidelines...
Chlosta, Piotr; Drewa, Tomasz; Siekiera, Jerzy; Jaskulski, Jarosław; Petrus, Andrzej; Kamecki, Krzysztof; Mikołajczak, Witold; Obarzanowski, Mateusz; Wronczewski, Andrzej; Krasnicki, Krzysztof; Jasinski, Milosz
The aim of the study was to compare the number of nodes dissected during laparoscopic and open radical cystoprostatectomy in men or anterior exenteration in women due to muscle invasive bladder urothelial cancer (IBC). Fifty-one patients treated with laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) and 63 with open radical cystectomy (ORC) were compared. The LRC group consisted of 47 pT2 tumours and 4 pT3, while the ORC group was composed of 27 pT2 tumours and 36 pT3. During ORC external, internal, common iliac and obturator lymph nodes were removed separately, but were added and analysed together for each side. Nodes dissected from one side during ORC were compared to en bloc dissected nodes in the LRC group. There were no complications associated with extended pelvic lymph node dissection during LRC or ORC. There were significant differences in the mean number of resected lymph nodes between LRC and ORC for pT2 tumours. The laparoscopic approach allowed about 8-9 more lymph nodes to be removed than open surgery in the pT2 group. In 15% of patients with pT2 disease treated with open radical cystectomy node metastases were observed. Active disease was detected in 18% of nodes resected laparoscopically due to pT2 disease. Fourty-seven percentage of patients with pT3 disease treated with open surgery were diagnosed as harbouring metastatic lymph nodes. The laparoscopic group with pT3 disease was too small to analyse. We have found that laparoscopic radical cystectomy can be performed without any compromise in lymph node dissection. The technique of lymph node dissection (LND) during laparoscopic cystectomy (LRC) resulted in sufficient resected lymphatic tissue, especially in patients with bladder-confined tumours with a low volume of lymph nodes.
Yanagida, Tomohiko; Koguchi, Tomoyuki; Hata, Junya; Yabe, Michihiro; Sato, Yuichi; Akaihata, Hidenori; Kawashima, Yohei; Kataoka, Masao; Ogawa, Soichiro; Kumagai, Shin; Kumagai, Ken; Haga, Nobuhiro; Kushida, Nobuhiro; Ishibashi, Kei; Aikawa, Ken; Kojima, Yoshiyuki
Although open retropubic radical prostatectomy has been the most commonly used surgical technique for patients with localized prostate cancer for decades, robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) has recently become an alternative option and widely used in Japan as well as around the world. RARP has been shown to have higher postoperative continent rates than retropubic and laparoscopic radical prostatectomy; however, urinary incontinence has remained one of the most significant causes for concern among patients who seek surgical treatment for prostate cancer, even after the introduction of RARP. The literature has shown that certain technical modifications to improve urinary continence are advocated as potential aids to reduce the risk of urinary incontinence after RARP. These modifications might be divided into 3 categories to realize the improvement of early return of urinary continence after RARP: 1) preservation, 2) reconstruction, and 3) reinforcement of the anatomic structures in the pelvis, which will make a new supporting system after radical prostatectomy. In this review, we discuss the intraoperative techniques to improve outcomes for early return of urinary continence following RARP, and provide a critical summary of current knowledge on its outcome in the literature.
Mohit Kumar Mathur
Full Text Available Background: Transanal pull-through with laparoscopic assistance is gaining popularity. How much rectal dissection to do laparoscopically and how much transanally is not clear. Laparoscopic rectal mobilization is akin to open pelvic dissection of Swenson′s operation - the most physiological procedure. Through this comparative study, we aim to evolve a technique that maximizes the benefits of Swenson′s technique and minimizes the problems of a transanal procedure. Materials and Methods: Twenty patients (19 boys and one girl, newborn to 6 years with Hirschsprung′s disease (HD were randomized for laparoscopic-assisted transanal pull-through (LATAPT either by near complete (Group A or partial (Group B laparoscopic mobilization of rectum. Patients were followed up for at least 3 months. Demographic profile; operative details (time taken, blood loss, operative difficulty, and complications; postoperative course (duration of urinary catheter, oral feeding, and hospital stay; and follow-up stooling pattern, consistency, and continence were compared in the two groups. Results: The time taken for laparoscopic mobilization was marginally higher in group A, but the time taken for transanal dissection in this group was significantly less than in group B. All other comparisons showed no significant difference in the two groups. Stool frequency and continence improved with time in both groups. Conclusion: Extent of laparoscopic mobilization of rectum does not appear to be a factor deciding the outcomes. No recommendations could be made in view of the small number of cases. However, it shows that laparoscopic assistance can be used to maximize the benefits of Swenson type of operation and a transanal pull-through.
Herling, Suzanne Forsyth; Dreijer, Bjørn; Wrist Lam, Gitte
BACKGROUND: Rapid implementation of robotic transabdominal surgery has resulted in the need for re-evaluation of the most suitable form of anaesthesia. The overall objective of anaesthesia is to minimize perioperative risk and discomfort for patients both during and after surgery. Anaesthesia...... for patients undergoing robotic assisted surgery is different from anaesthesia for patients undergoing open or laparoscopic surgery; new anaesthetic concerns accompany robotic assisted surgery. OBJECTIVES: To assess outcomes related to the choice of total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) or inhalational...... anaesthesia for adults undergoing transabdominal robotic assisted laparoscopic gynaecological, urological or gastroenterological surgery. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016 Issue 5), Ovid MEDLINE (1946 to May 2016), Embase via OvidSP (1982 to May 2016...
Full Text Available Aim: To visit the operative technique and to review the current published English literature on the technique, and outcomes following robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (RPN. Materials and Methods: We searched the published English literature and the PubMed (TM for published series of ′robotic partial nephrectomy′ (RPN using the keywords; robot, robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, partial nephrectomy and laparoscopic surgery. Results: The search yielded 15 major selected series of ′robotic partial nephrectomy′; these were reviewed, tracked and analysed in order to determine the current status and role of RPN in the management of early renal neoplasm(s, as a minimally invasive surgical alternative to open partial nephrectomy. A review of the initial peri-operative outcome of the 350 cases of select series of RPN reported in published English literature revealed a mean operating time, warm ischemia time, estimated blood loss and hospital stay, of 191 minutes, 25 minutes, 162 ml and 2.95 days, respectively. The overall computed mean complication rate of RPN in the present select series was about 7.4%. Conclusions: RPN is a safe, feasible and effective minimally invasive surgical alternative to laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for early stage (T 1 renal neoplasm(s. It has acceptable initial renal functional outcomes without the increased risk of major complications in experienced hands. Prospective randomised, controlled, comparative clinical trials with laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN are the need of the day. While the initial oncological outcomes of RPN appear to be favourable, long-term data is awaited.
Maartense, S; Heintjes, R J; Idu, M; Bemelman, F J; Bemelman, W A
The main reason for conversion in laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) is peroperative bleeding. One of the advantages of hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (HDLN) is facilitated control in case of bleeding. This report describes two methods to avert conversion in HLDN in the case of abrupt major arterial bleeding. In the first case, during left HLDN the clips placed on the renal artery dislodged, and the surgeon managed to control the bleeding by compressing the focus of the bleeding with his finger. A balloon occlusion catheter was inserted through a groin incision in the aorta and advanced to the origo of the renal artery. Due to control of the hemorrhage, it was possible to close the renal artery stump by laparoscopic suturing, and a conversion was averted. The patient was discharged after 5 days, without signs of damage to the remaining kidney. In the second case, during right HLDN, the clips on the renal artery dislodged during stapling of the renal vein. The bleeding was controlled by finger compression and new clips were placed. The cuff of the artery was long enough to be clipped again. The patient was discharged after 5 days. Graft function was excellent in both cases. Major arterial bleeding can be controlled and managed in hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery. The use of a balloon occlusion catheter is an elegant way to avert conversion.
Gupta, Anjeleena K; Sharma, Bimla; Kumar, Arvind; Sood, Jayashree
To use laparoscope as an easily available and easy to use alternative option to videolaryngoscope. The aim of the study was to assess the improvement in the glottic view using a conventional direct laryngoscope (DL) assisted by a laparoscope with its endovision system along with the time taken for tracheal intubation. A prospective, double blind, randomized, controlled study was conducted in a tertiary care centre. Sixty patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I and II requiring general anaesthesia and tracheal intubation for elective surgery were included in the study. The patients were anaesthetized, paralysed, DL was performed and Cormack and Lehane grade (C and L) noted, followed by the introduction of the laparoscope alongside the flange of the Macintosh laryngoscope and a further C and L grading done as seen on monitor. Demographic data, ASA physical status, airway assessment, mouth opening, modified Mallampatti class, jaw protrusion, thyromental and sternomental distances, optimal external laryngeal manipulation, time taken for intubation, pulse oximetry, blood on; tracheal tube, lip, dentition or mucosal trauma, sore throat, hoarseness of voice, excessive secretions and regurgitation were recorded. Statistical analysis was done using statistics package for social sciences software (17.0 version). A P-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Eighty-three percent of the patients showed improvement in glottic view after laparoscopic assistance. Eighty-one and 85% of the patients with C and L grade II and III respectively on DL had an improved glottic view with this technique. The mean time to intubate was 37 seconds. Laparoscopic assistance provided a better glottic view than DL in most patients (83%). It has a potential advantage over standard DL in difficult intubation.
Full Text Available Guozheng Liu,1 Fengguo Jian,2 Xiuqin Wang,2 Lin Chen1 1Department of General Surgery, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 2Second Department of General Surgery, Changyi People’s Hospital, Shandong, People’s Republic of China Aim: To study the efficacy of the fast-track surgery (FTS program combined with laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for elderly gastric cancer (GC patients.Methods: Eighty-four elderly patients diagnosed with GC between September 2014 and August 2015 were recruited to participate in this study and were divided into four groups randomly based on the random number table as follows: FTS + laparoscopic group (Group A, n=21, FTS + laparotomy group (Group B, n=21, conventional perioperative care (CC + laparoscopic group (Group C, n=21, and CC + laparotomy group (Group D, n=21. Observation indicators include intrasurgery indicators, postoperative recovery indicators, nutritional status indicators, and systemic stress response indicators.Results: Preoperative and intraoperative baseline characteristics showed no significant differences between patients in each group (P>0.05. There were no significant differences between each group in nausea and vomiting, intestinal obstruction, urinary retention, incision infection, pulmonary infection, and urinary tract infection after operation (P>0.05. Time of first flatus and postoperative hospital stay time of FTS Group A were the shortest, and total medical cost of this group was the lowest. For all groups, serum albumin, prealbumin, and transferrin significantly decreased, while CRP and interleukin 6 were significantly increased postoperative day 1. From postoperative day 4–7, all indicators of the four groups gradually recovered, but compared with other three groups, those of Group A recovered fastest.Conclusion: FTS combined with laparoscopic surgery can promote faster postoperative recovery, improve early postoperative nutritional status, and more
Liu, Guozheng; Jian, Fengguo; Wang, Xiuqin; Chen, Lin
To study the efficacy of the fast-track surgery (FTS) program combined with laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for elderly gastric cancer (GC) patients. Eighty-four elderly patients diagnosed with GC between September 2014 and August 2015 were recruited to participate in this study and were divided into four groups randomly based on the random number table as follows: FTS + laparoscopic group (Group A, n=21), FTS + laparotomy group (Group B, n=21), conventional perioperative care (CC) + laparoscopic group (Group C, n=21), and CC + laparotomy group (Group D, n=21). Observation indicators include intrasurgery indicators, postoperative recovery indicators, nutritional status indicators, and systemic stress response indicators. Preoperative and intraoperative baseline characteristics showed no significant differences between patients in each group (P>0.05). There were no significant differences between each group in nausea and vomiting, intestinal obstruction, urinary retention, incision infection, pulmonary infection, and urinary tract infection after operation (P>0.05). Time of first flatus and postoperative hospital stay time of FTS Group A were the shortest, and total medical cost of this group was the lowest. For all groups, serum albumin, prealbumin, and transferrin significantly decreased, while CRP and interleukin 6 were significantly increased postoperative day 1. From postoperative day 4-7, all indicators of the four groups gradually recovered, but compared with other three groups, those of Group A recovered fastest. FTS combined with laparoscopic surgery can promote faster postoperative recovery, improve early postoperative nutritional status, and more effectively reduce postoperative stress reaction, and hence is safe and effective for elderly GC patients.
Cornejo-Dávila, V; Nazmy, M; Kella, N; Palmeros-Rodríguez, M A; Morales-Montor, J G; Pacheco-Gahbler, C
Partial nephrectomy is the treatment of choice for T1a tumours. The open approach is still the standard method. Robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery offers advantages that are applicable to partial nephrectomy, such as the use of the Firefly® system with near-infrared fluorescence. To demonstrate the implementation of fluorescence in nephron-sparing surgery. This case concerned a 37-year-old female smoker, with obesity. The patient had a right kidney tumour measuring 31 mm, which was found using tomography. She therefore underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, with a warm ischaemia time of 22 minutes and the use of fluorescence with the Firefly® system to guide the resection. There were no complications. The tumour was a pT1aN0M0 renal cell carcinoma, with negative margins. Robot-assisted renal laparoscopic surgery is employed for nephron-sparing surgery, with good oncological and functional results. The combination of the Firefly® technology and intraoperative ultrasound can more accurately delimit the extent of the lesion, increase the negative margins and decrease the ischaemia time. Near-infrared fluorescence in robot-assisted partial nephrectomy is useful for guiding the tumour resection and can potentially improve the oncological and functional results. Copyright © 2015 AEU. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
van Weelden, W J; Gordon, B B M; Roovers, E A; Kraayenbrink, A A; Aalders, C I M; Hartog, F; Dijkhuizen, F P H L J
To evaluate surgical outcome in a consecutive series of patients with conventional and robot assisted total laparoscopic hysterectomy. A retrospective cohort study was performed among patients with benign and malignant indications for a laparoscopic hysterectomy. Main surgical outcomes were operation room time and skin to skin operating time, complications, conversions, rehospitalisation and reoperation, estimated blood loss and length of hospital stay. A total of 294 patients were evaluated: 123 in the conventional total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) group and 171 in the robot TLH group. After correction for differences in basic demographics with a multivariate linear regression analysis, the skin to skin operating time was a significant 18 minutes shorter in robot assisted TLH compared to conventional TLH (robot assisted TLH 92m, conventional TLH 110m, p0.001). The presence or absence of previous abdominal surgery had a significant influence on the skin to skin operating time as did the body mass index and the weight of the uterus. Complications were not significantly different. The robot TLH group had significantly less blood loss and lower rehospitalisation and reoperation rates. This study compares conventional TLH with robot assisted TLH and shows shorter operating times, less blood loss and lower rehospitalisation and reoperation rates in the robot TLH group.
Daouadi, Mustapha; Zureikat, Amer H; Zenati, Mazen S; Choudry, Haroon; Tsung, Alan; Bartlett, David L; Hughes, Steven J; Lee, Ken K; Moser, A James; Zeh, Herbert J
Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) reduces postoperative morbidity, hospital stay, and recovery as compared with open distal pancreatectomy. Technical limitations of laparoscopic surgery may limit patient eligibility and require conversion to open or hand-assisted surgery to maintain patient safety. We hypothesized that robot-assisted distal pancreatectomy (RADP) was superior to LDP as a result of improved surgical manipulation and visualization, potentially expanding the indications for minimally invasive pancreatectomy. We performed a retrospective analysis of all minimally invasive distal pancreatectomies at University of Pittsburgh Medical Center between January 2004 and February 2011. We compared the perioperative outcomes, 90-day morbidity and mortality of our first 30 RADPs to 94 consecutive historical control LDPs. Patients undergoing RADP and LDP demonstrated equivalent age, sex, race, American Society of Anesthesiologists' score, and tumor size. Postoperative length of hospital stay and rates of pancreatic fistula, blood transfusion, and readmission were not statistically different. Patients in the RADP group did not require conversion to open surgery unlike the LDP group (16%, P robotically (43%) than laparoscopically (15%) (P robotic-assisted group with higher rates of margin negative resection and improved lymph node yield for both benign and malignant lesions (P probability of malignancy in the robotic cohort. We concluded that robotic assistance may broaden indications for minimally invasive pancreatectomy.
Drew A. Freilich
Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Bilateral ureteropelvic junction (UPJ obstruction occurs infrequently. When surgical management is deemed necessary, staged pyeloplasties traditionally have been recommended to minimize the morbidity associated with performing procedures concurrently. With the advent of robotic-assistance, concurrent surgical management can more readily be performed laparoscopically. In this report, we evaluated the safety and outcome of managing patients with bilateral UPJ obstruction with concurrent robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of five patients with bilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction who underwent concurrent bilateral robotic-assisted pyeloplasties at our institution between October 2003 and April 2007. Technical consideration for patient positioning, robotic set-up, port placement, and the use of a hitch stitches was assessed. The operative time, complications, analgesic needs, length of hospitalization, and overall success of the procedure were evaluated. RESULTS: Operative time ranged from 235 to 541 minutes (mean = 384. Estimated blood loss was 5-100 cc (mean = 48.0. Length of hospitalization ranged from 1.3 to 3.6 days (mean = 2.4. Ureteral stents were removed 3-8 weeks postoperatively. There were no complications. All kidneys demonstrated decreased hydronephrosis on postoperative ultrasound or improved drainage parameters on diuretic renography or IVP. CONCLUSIONS: Simultaneous bilateral robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasties utilizing 4-port access is feasible and safe. It provides an effective method of managing patients with bilateral UPJ obstruction, avoiding the burden and morbidity of performing staged surgeries.
Behan, James W; Kim, Steve S; Dorey, Frederick; De Filippo, Roger E; Chang, Andy Y; Hardy, Brian E; Koh, Chester J
Robotic assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty is an emerging, minimally invasive alternative to open pyeloplasty in children for ureteropelvic junction obstruction. The procedure is associated with smaller incisions and shorter hospital stays. To our knowledge previous outcome analyses have not included human capital calculations, especially regarding loss of parental workdays. We compared perioperative factors in patients who underwent robotic assisted laparoscopic and open pyeloplasty at a single institution, especially in regard to human capital changes, in an institutional cost analysis. A total of 44 patients 2 years old or older from a single institution underwent robotic assisted (37) or open (7) pyeloplasty from 2008 to 2010. We retrospectively reviewed the charts to collect demographic and perioperative data. The human capital approach was used to calculate parental productivity losses. Patients who underwent robotic assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty had a significantly shorter average hospital length of stay (1.6 vs 2.8 days, p human capital gains, eg decreased lost parental wages, and lower hospitalization expenses. Future comparative outcome analyses in children should include financial factors such as human capital loss, which can be especially important for families with young children. Copyright © 2011 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
RODRIGUES, Túlio Felício da Cunha; SILVEIRA, Bianca; TAVARES, Flávia Pádua; MADEIRA, Gustavo Moreira; XAVIER, Iara Proença; RIBEIRO, Jorge Henrique Costa; PEREIRA, Rayanna Mara de Oliveira Santos; SIQUEIRA, Sávio Lana
ABSTRACT Introduction: Several factors have made hepatectomy an increasingly safe surgery and new drugs allowed surgical treatment for patients who initially were not candidates for resection. Lesions often require resection, which can be performed by open, laparoscopic, or robotic assisted hepatectomy. Aim: Compare the surgical techniques in open, laparoscopic, and robotic assisted hepatectomy for resection of liver tumors. Methods: Literature review based on scientific papers published o...
Torup, H; Bøgeskov, M; Hansen, E G
completed the study, 34 receiving TAP block with ropivacaine and 31 receiving sham block with isotonic saline. We found no differences in median (interquartile range) morphine consumption the first 24 h between the TAP block group [17.5 mg (6.9-36.0 mg)] and the placebo group [17.5 mg (2.9-38.0 mg)] (95......BACKGROUND: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is widely used as a part of pain management after various abdominal surgeries. We evaluated the effect of TAP block as an add-on to the routine analgesic regimen in patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy. METHODS......: In a prospective blinded study, 70 patients scheduled for elective robot-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy were randomised to receive either TAP block (ropivacaine 0.5%, 20 ml on each side) or sham block (isotonic saline 0.9%, 20 ml on each side). All patients had patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) with morphine...
Park, Kyung Eun; Chung, Dong Jin; Kim, Wook; Hahn, Seong-Tae; Lee, Jae Moon
Omental infarction occurring after open and laparoscopic-assisted distal gastrectomy with partial omentectomy for gastric cancer was a very rare disease in the past, but its incidence has increased as more partial omentectomies are now being performed. But there are few case reports or radiologic studies on its increasing incidence. It is necessary to differentiate omental infarction from carcinomatosis peritonei, since both have similar imaging findings. In this report, we describe two cases of omental infarction; each occurred after open and laparoscopic-assisted distal gastrectomy in early gastric cancer patients. Partial omentectomy was performed in both cases. Omental infarction following distal gastrectomy with partial omentectomy can be discriminated from carcinomatosis peritonei by comparing with different initial and follow up CT findings.
Kang, Chang Moo; Kim, Dong Hyun; Lee, Woo Jung; Chi, Hoon Sang
Function-preserving minimally invasive pancreatectomy is thought to be an ideal approach for pancreatic benign and borderline malignant lesions requiring pancreatectomy. However, it is not that easy to accomplish this goal with the conventional laparoscopic approach. It requires extensive surgeon experience and learned techniques. A robot surgical system was recently introduced to overcome these limitations and it may potentially provide precise and safe laparoscopic surgery. Between March 2006 and July 2010, a total of 45 patients underwent laparoscopic or robot-assisted pancreatectomy performed by a single pancreatic surgeon to preserve the spleen. Twenty-five patients underwent the conventional laparoscopic approach (Lap group) and the other 20 patients underwent robot-assisted surgery (Robot group). The perioperative clinicopathologic variables (age, gender, length of resected pancreas, tumor size, tumor location, amount of bleeding, operation time, length of hospital stay, complications, mortality, and cost) were compared between the two groups, as well as the spleen preservation rate. Younger patients preferred robot-assisted surgery to conventional laparoscopic surgery (44.5±15.9 vs. 56.7±13.9 years, p=0.010), and the mean operation time was longer in the Robot group (258.2±118.6 vs. 348.7±121.8 min, p=0.016). The spleen-preserving rate of the Robot group was considerably superior to that of the Lap group (fail/success, 9/16 vs. 1/19, p=0.027). However, robot surgery cost the patients about USD 8,300 (USD 8,304.8±870.0), which was more than twice the amount for the Lap group (USD 3,861.7±1,724.3). There were no significant differences in other clinicopathologic variables. Robot-assisted pancreatic surgery could provide an increased chance for spleen preservation in spite of higher cost and longer operation time. More experiences are needed to specifically address the role of robot surgery in the advanced laparoscopic era.
Leblanc, F; Delaney, C P; Neary, P C; Rose, J; Augestad, K M; Senagore, A J; Ellis, C N; Champagne, B J
The aim of this study was to compare skills sets during a hand-assisted and straight laparoscopic colectomy on an augmented reality simulator. Twenty-nine surgeons, assigned randomly in 2 groups, performed laparoscopic sigmoid colectomies on a simulator: group A (n = 15) performed hand-assisted then straight procedures; group B (n = 14) performed straight then hand-assisted procedures. Groups were compared according to prior laparoscopic colorectal experience, performance (time, instrument path length, and instrument velocity changes), technical skills, and operative error. Prior laparoscopic colorectal experience was similar in both groups. Both groups had better performances with the hand-assisted approach, although technical skill scores were similar between approaches. The error rate was higher with the hand-assisted approach in group A, but similar between both approaches in group B. These data define the metrics of performance for hand-assisted and straight laparoscopic colectomy on an augmented reality simulator. The improved scores with the hand-assisted approach suggest that with this simulator a hand-assisted model may be technically easier to perform, although it is associated with increased intraoperative errors.
Peyronnet, Benoit; Seisen, Thomas; Dominguez-Escrig, Jose-Luis; Bruins, Harman Max; Yuan, Cathy Yuhong; Lam, Thomas; Maclennan, Steven; N'dow, James; Babjuk, Marko; Comperat, Eva; Zigeuner, Richard; Sylvester, Richard J; Burger, Maximilian; Mostafid, Hugh; van Rhijn, Bas W G; Gontero, Paolo; Palou, Joan; Shariat, Sharokh F; Roupret, Morgan
Most series have suggested better perioperative outcomes of laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) over open RNU. However, the oncological safety of laparoscopic RNU remains controversial. To systematically review all relevant literature comparing oncological outcomes of open versus laparoscopic RNU. A systematic literature search using the Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases and clinicaltrial.gov was performed in December 2014 and updated in August 2016. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and prospective or retrospective nonrandomised comparative studies comparing the oncological outcomes of any laparoscopic RNU with those of open RNU were included. The primary outcome was cancer-specific survival. The risk of bias (RoB) was assessed using Cochrane RoB tools. A narrative synthesis of the evidence is presented. Overall, 42 studies were included, which accounted for 7554 patients: 4925 in the open groups and 2629 in the laparoscopic groups. Most included studies were retrospective comparative series. Only one RCT was found. RoB and confounding were high in most studies. No study compared the oncological outcomes of robotic RNU with those of open RNU. Bladder cuff excision in laparoscopic groups was performed via an open approach in most studies, with only three studies reporting laparoscopic removal of the bladder cuff. Port-site metastasis rates ranged from 0% to 2.8%. No significant difference in oncological outcomes was reported in most series. However, three studies, including the only RCT, reported significantly poorer oncological outcomes in patients who underwent laparoscopic RNU, especially in the subgroups of patients with locally advanced (pT3/pT4) or high-grade upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC), as well as in instances when the bladder cuff was excised laparoscopically. The current available evidence suggests that the oncological outcomes of laparoscopic RNU may be poorer than those of open RNU when bladder cuff is excised
Zhang, Hairong; Yuan, Weitang; Zhou, Quanbo; Gu, Xiaoming; Wang, Fuqi
To compare the clinical efficacy of robotic and laparoscopic radical surgery in the treatment of middle-low rectal cancers. From January 2015 to March 2016, intra-operative and postoperative follow-up data of 30 patients with middle-low rectal cancers who underwent robotic radical resection(robot group) and 32 patients with middle-low rectal cancers who underwent laparoscopic radical resection (laparoscopy group)n in our department were retrospectively collected. The distance from cancer to anal margin was less than 10 cm in both two groups and advanced rectal cancers were confirmed by preoperative colonoscopy biopsy. Associated data were compared between two groups. There were 13 males and 17 females in robot group with age of 27 to 85 (mean 59.7) years, disease course of 3 to 12 (mean 6.2) months and clinical stage T2-3N0-1. There were 16 males and 16 females in laparoscopic group with age of 32 to 79 (mean 60.3) years, disease course of 2 to 10(mean 5.9) months and clinical stage T2-3N0-1. The baseline data of two groups were not significantly different (all P>0.05). All the patients in two groups completed operations successfully without conversion to open operation. Compared with laparoscopic group, the blood loss was less [(100.3±43.7) ml vs. (150.3±68.2) ml, t=3.413, P=0.001], the first flatus time [(49.3±12.4) h vs. (58.6±12.5) h, t=2.838, P=0.006] and urinary catheter removal time [(3.0±0.7) d vs. (4.8±0.9) d, t=5.491, P=0.000] were shorter, while the operation time [(217.3±57.8) min vs. (187.9±23.1) min, t=2.772, P=0.009] was longer in robot group. No cancer tissue was observed in resection margin of two groups. Number of harvested lymph node per case (15.2±7.4 vs. 13.9±4.9, t=-0.764, P=0.448), distance from anal margin to tumor distal edge [(7±3) cm vs. (6.5±3) cm, t=-1.952, P=0.056] and postoperative hospital stay [(13.6±1.3) d vs. (13.8±1.8) d, t=0.925, P=0.359] were not significantly different between two groups. No serious complications
Qin, Jie; Wang, Ping; Jing, Taile; Kong, Debo; Xia, Dan; Wang, Shuo
Typically robot-assisted laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (R-RPLND) has been performed via a transperitoneal approach. Herein we report the first case of a novel R-RPLND using an extraperitoneal approach. A 38-year-old man presented with an enlarging right scrotal mass. Scrotal ultrasonography demonstrated a 5.5-cm solid mass of the right testis. The patient underwent right radical inguinal orchiectomy. Pathologic examination demonstrated a mixed germ cell tumor, predominately embryonal carcinoma with yolk sac tumor. Extraperitoneal R-PRLND was performed 3 weeks after the radical orchiectomy. The final pathologic examination showed a count of 19 lymph nodes, all of them negative. Normal antegrade ejaculation returned within 4 weeks postoperatively. No retroperitoneal recurrence or elevation of tumor marker levels were seen via surveillance imaging. Our study shows that extraperitoneal R-RPLND is a safe and feasible procedure using an extraperitoneal approach that provides minimal invasion and rapid recovery of patients.
Ji, Wen-bin; Zhao, Zhi-ming; Dong, Jia-hong; Wang, Hong-guang; Lu, Fang; Lu, Hong-wei
Surgical robotic systems are superior to traditional laparoscopic technologies with regard to generation of 3-dimensional images, and they also offer better instrumentation. Here, we report on our early results for 1-stage robot-assisted laparoscopic cholecystectomy and laparoscopic common bile duct exploration with primary closure. From March 2009 to July 2009, five consecutive patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy and laparoscopic common bile duct exploration with primary closure assisted by the da Vinci robotic system. Patient demographics, intraoperative findings, postoperative complications, and length of postoperative hospital stay were recorded and analyzed. No patient required conversion to laparotomy or conventional laparoscopy. The average robotic console time was 176.0±32.1 minutes. One female patient developed postoperative pulmonary infection that was successfully treated medically; the others' postoperative courses were uneventful. The average length of postoperative stay was 5.8±2.5 days. At follow up, all 5 patients were free of recurrent stones. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic cholecystectomy and laparoscopic common bile duct exploration with primary closure are effective and safe for selected patients. Future experience is needed to further study the efficacy and role of this novel approach.
Inoue, Taisuke; Ikeda, Yoshifumi; Ogawa, Etsushi; Horikawa, Masahiro; Inaba, Tsuyoshi; Fukushima, Ryoji
A 54-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with severe nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. He had had laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction and tube jejunostomy for gastric cancer 2 years earlier. Abdominal CT revealed that the duodenum and upper jejunum were markedly dilated and that the dilated jejunum had collapsed at the jejunostomy site. Emergency laparoscopic surgery with three ports was performed for jejunostomy-related ileus. Abdominal adhesion was very small, and the Roux-en-Y limb was rotated counterclockwise at the jejunostomy site. A magnified laparoscopic view showed that the site of peritoneopexy was the axis of rotation. After the axis was dissected with a Harmonic scalpel, the rotation was released immediately. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful and he was discharged 4 days after the operation. Because the axis of rotation was identified easily by laparoscope, laparoscopic surgery was a safe and useful technique for a patient with jejunostomy-related ileus. © 2014 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
Song, Sang Hoon
Laparoscopic procedures for urological diseases in children have been proven to be safe and effective. However, the availability of laparoscopic procedures is still partly limited to experienced, high-volume centers because the procedures are technically demanding. The da Vinci robot system is being used for an increasing variety of reconstructive procedures because of the advantages of this approach, such as motion scaling, greater optical magnification, stereoscopic vision, increased instrument tip dexterity, and tremor filtration. Particularly in pediatric urologic surgery, where the operational field is limited owing to the small abdominal cavity of children, robotic surgical technology has its own strengths. Currently, robots are used to perform most surgeries in children that can be performed laparoscopically. In this review, we aimed to provide a comprehensive overview of the current role of robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery in Pediatric Urology by analyzing the published data in this field. A growing body of evidence supports the view that robotic technology is technically feasible and safe in pediatric urological surgery. Robotic technology provides additional benefits for performing reconstructive urologic surgery, such as in pyeloplasty, ureteral reimplantation, and enterocystoplasty procedures. The main limitations to robotic surgery are its high purchase and maintenance costs and that the cost-effectiveness of this technology remains to be validated. PMID:25132942
Attaining surgical competency and its implications in surgical clinical trial design: a systematic review of the learning curve in laparoscopic and robot-assisted laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery.
Barrie, Jenifer; Jayne, David G; Wright, Judy; Murray, Carolyn J Czoski; Collinson, Fiona J; Pavitt, Sue H
Laparoscopic surgery is increasingly used in the treatment of colorectal cancer and more recently robotic assistance has been advocated. However, the learning curve to achieve surgical proficiency in laparoscopic surgery is ill-defined and subject to many influences. The aim of this review was to comprehensively appraise the literature on the learning curve for laparoscopic and robotic colorectal cancer surgery, and to quantify attainment of surgical proficiency and its implications in surgical clinical trial design. A systematic review using a defined search strategy was performed. Included studies had to state an explicit numerical value of the learning curve evaluated by a single parameter or multiple parameters. Thirty-four studies were included, 28 laparoscopic and 6 robot assisted. Of the laparoscopic studies, nine defined the learning curve on the basis of a single parameter. Nine studies used more than one parameter to define learning, and 11 used a cumulative sum (CUSUM) analysis. One study used both a multiparameter and CUSUM analysis. The definition of proficiency was subjective, and the number of operations to achieve it ranged from 5 to 310 cases for laparoscopic and 15-30 cases for robotic surgery. The learning curve in laparoscopic colorectal surgery is multifaceted and often ill-defined, with poor descriptions of mentorship/supervision. Further, the quantification to attain proficiency is variable. The use of a single parameter to quantify this is simplistic. Multidimensional assessment is recommended; as part of this, the CUSUM model, which assesses trends in multiple surgical outcomes, is useful and appropriate when assessing the learning curve in a clinical setting.
Kim, Min Jung; Park, Sung Chan; Park, Ji Won; Chang, Hee Jin; Kim, Dae Yong; Nam, Byung-Ho; Sohn, Dae Kyung; Oh, Jae Hwan
The phase II randomized controlled trial aimed to compare the outcomes of robot-assisted surgery with those of laparoscopic surgery in the patients with rectal cancer. The feasibility of robot-assisted surgery over laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer has not been established yet. Between February 21, 2012 and March 11, 2015, patients with rectal cancer (cT1-3NxM0) were enrolled. Patients were randomized 1:1 to either robot-assisted or laparoscopic surgery, and stratified per sex and administration of preoperative chemoradiotherapy. The primary outcome was the quality of total mesorectal excision (TME) specimen. Secondary outcomes were the circumferential and distal resection margins, the number of harvested lymph nodes, morbidity, bowel function recovery, and quality of life. A total of 163 patients were randomly assigned to the robot-assisted (n = 81) and laparoscopic (n = 82) surgery groups, and 139 patients were eligible for the analyses (73 vs 66, respectively). One patient (1.2%) in the robot-assisted group was converted to open surgery. The TME quality did not differ between the robot-assisted and laparoscopic groups (80.3% vs 78.1% complete TME, respectively; 18.2% vs 21.9% nearly complete TME, respectively; P = 0.599). The resection margins, number of harvested lymph nodes, morbidity, and bowel function recovery also were not significantly different. On analyzing quality of life, scores of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life (EORTC QLQ C30) and EORTC QLQ CR38 were similar in the 2 groups, but in the EORTC QLQ CR 38 questionnaire, sexual function 12 months postoperatively was better in the robot-assisted group than in the laparoscopic group (P = 0.03). Robot-assisted surgery in rectal cancer showed TME quality comparable with that of laparoscopic surgery, and it demonstrated similar postoperative morbidity, bowel function recovery, and quality of life.
Alam, Mahbub; Wilson, Michael S J; Tang, Benjie; Tait, Iain S; Alijani, Afshin
A number of tools for assessing task performance of the laparoscopic camera assistant have been described, but few focus on the acquisition and assessment of the attainment of proficiency in novice laparoscopic camera assistants. Our aim was to develop a simulated objective assessment tool for a novice camera assistant. A 10-cycle image navigation task tool was developed. This involved a series of 360° clockwise and anticlockwise rotation maneuvers of a 30° laparoscope along its shaft, focusing on a predefined geometric target on a 45° fixed slope in a laparoscopic box trainer. The tasks were to simultaneously maintain neutral horizon, optimum distance, and centering. Task accuracy and time to completion were assessed objectively at 3-s intervals on an unedited video recording. Twenty-nine novice medical students were assessed. Novices improved mean total error and task completion time (first versus fifth cycle, mean errors 15.4 versus 8.4, P = 0.048; mean task time 158.1 versus 92.9 s, P = 0.04). This improvement continued until the task cycle was completed (sixth versus 10th cycles, 7.9 versus 6.2, P = 0.01; 91.9 versus 76.6 s, P camera navigation tasks. There was improvement in errors related to maintaining horizon, optimum distance, and centering. Mean task completion time also decreased. This tool could be used as an additional mean of assessment and training in novice surgical trainees. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Moss, Esther Louise; Balega, Janos; Chan, Kiong K; Singh, Kavita
To evaluate the clinical experience of the total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH) for the surgical management of cervical cancer in obese (body mass index [BMI] >30 kg/m) and nonobese (BMI cervical cancer. Patients were classified as obese, BMI >30 kg/m, or nonobese, BMI obese and 43 (74.1%) were in the nonobese group. There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss or median duration of surgery between the obese and nonobese groups. The median hospital stay in both groups was 3 days (range, 2-13 days). Four cases were converted to laparotomy (7%); all were in the nonobese group. Postoperatively, 3 patients developed ischemic ureterovaginal fistulae (5%) between days 5 and 7 after surgery; all were in the nonobese group. There was no significant difference in the parametrial length, maximum vaginal cuff length, and number of lymph nodes excised between the 2 groups. To date, there has been one recurrence during the median follow-up period of 19 months (range, 3-42 months). She belonged to the nonobese group. The TLRH is a surgically safe procedure for early-stage cervical cancer. Obesity did not adversely affect the performance of TLRH or the radicality of the excision. In obese women, TLRH should be the favored route of surgery for all women who require a radical hysterectomy owing to its favorable perioperative outcome and short hospital stay.
Herling, Suzanne Forsyth; Palle, Connie; Møller, Ann M
in Danish kroner between total abdominal hysterectomy and robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy. RESULTS: The average cost of consumables was 12,642 Danish kroner more expensive per patient for robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy than for total abdominal hysterectomy (2014 price level: 1€ = 7...... kroner (robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy was 7% cheaper than total abdominal hysterectomy) (p = 0.20). Increasing age and Type 2 diabetes appeared to influence the overall costs. CONCLUSION: For women with endometrial cancer or atypical complex hyperplasia, robotic-assisted laparoscopic...
Full Text Available Background: To open vaginal cavity to the pelvic floor is part of surgical treatment for urogenital sinus (UGS in girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH. For high UGS, this operative procedure can be challenging and may jeopardise urinary continence. Combined perineal and laparoscopic approaches could be useful to minimise perineal dissection and to facilitate the vaginal lowering. Patients and Methods: We report the procedure of a laparoscopic-assisted vaginal pull-through for supra-sphincteric UGS in a 5-year-old girl with CAH. Laparoscopic dissection of the vagina from the posterior wall of the bladder and urethra, division of the confluence and vaginal pull-through to the perineum are described. Discussion: The technique is derived from laparoscopic-assisted treatment for high ano-rectal malformations. Compared with current procedures for treatment for high UGS, laparoscopic-assisted approach allows mobilising vagina with minimal dissection of perineum and complete preservation of urethra. Another major advantage is to provide a direct vision for dissection of the space between rectum and urethra prior to vaginal pull-through. Conclusion: Laparoscopic-assisted vaginal pull-through appears to be an interesting approach for high UGS in CAH patients, reducing dissection and risk of urinary incontinence. This new approach needs to be strengthened by other cases.
RODRIGUES, Túlio Felício da Cunha; SILVEIRA, Bianca; TAVARES, Flávia Pádua; MADEIRA, Gustavo Moreira; XAVIER, Iara Proença; RIBEIRO, Jorge Henrique Costa; PEREIRA, Rayanna Mara de Oliveira Santos; SIQUEIRA, Sávio Lana
ABSTRACT Introduction: Several factors have made hepatectomy an increasingly safe surgery and new drugs allowed surgical treatment for patients who initially were not candidates for resection. Lesions often require resection, which can be performed by open, laparoscopic, or robotic assisted hepatectomy. Aim: Compare the surgical techniques in open, laparoscopic, and robotic assisted hepatectomy for resection of liver tumors. Methods: Literature review based on scientific papers published on Lilacs/Pubmed/Scielo in the last 17 years regarding the indications of these techniques for liver tumor resections and on papers comparing such techniques. Results: The comparative study shows the benefits of laparoscopic surgery over open surgery, such as smaller incisions, less postoperative pain, shorter recovery time, smaller immune and metabolic response, and quicker restoration of oral ingestion as well as lower morbidity rates. However, the need for a specialized surgical team and the reduction in handling area still remain as disadvantages in the laparoscopic technique. It is yet not clear whether robotic assistance presents considerable benefits over the laparoscopic technique considering that high acquisition and maintenance costs are limiting factors. Conclusion: Despite all challenges, laparoscopic hepatectomy presents many benefits over open surgery. The robotic assisted technique is still in evolution as many centers in the world perform hepatic resections with the platforms but only after a thorough patient selection. Thus, laparoscopy stands as the best option, unless there is some contraindication to the procedure. PMID:29257855
Boggi, Ugo; Palladino, Simona; Massimetti, Gabriele; Vistoli, Fabio; Caniglia, Fabio; De Lio, Nelide; Perrone, Vittorio; Barbarello, Linda; Belluomini, Mario; Signori, Stefano; Amorese, Gabriella; Mosca, Franco
The enhanced dexterity offered by robotic assistance could be excessive for distal pancreatectomy but not enough to improve the outcome of laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy. Total pancreatectomy retains the challenges of uncinate process dissection and digestive reconstruction, but avoids the risk of pancreatic fistula, and could be a suitable operation to highlight the advantages of robotic assistance in pancreatic resections. Eleven laparoscopic robot-assisted total pancreatectomies (LRATP) were compared to 11 case-matched open total pancreatectomies. All operations were performed by one surgeon during the same period of time. Robotic assistance was employed in half of the patients, based on robot availability at the time of surgery. Variables examined included age, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, body mass index, estimated blood loss, need for blood transfusions, operative time, tumor type, tumor size, number of examined lymph nodes, margin status, post-operative complications, 90-day or in-hospital mortality, length of hospital stay, and readmission rate. No LRATP was converted to conventional laparoscopy, hand-assisted laparoscopy or open surgery despite two patients (18.1 %) required vein resection and reconstruction. LRATP was associated with longer mean operative time (600 vs. 469 min; p = 0.014) but decreased mean blood loss (220 vs. 705; p = 0.004) than open surgery. Post-operative complications occurred in similar percentages after LRATP and open surgery. Complications occurring in most patients (5/7) after LRATP were of mild severity (Clavien-Dindo grade I and II). One patient required repeat laparoscopic surgery after LRATP, to drain a fluid collection not amenable to percutaneous catheter drainage. One further patient from the open group required repeat surgery because of bleeding. No patient had margin positive resection, and the mean number of examined lymph nodes was 45 after LRATP and 36 after open surgery. LRATP is feasible
Li, MengHui; Zhang, ZhenYu
To report successful treatment by laparoscopically assisted biomaterial graft for reconstruction in patients with congenital atresia of the uterine cervix and vagina. Technique and instrumentations. University-based tertiary care hospital. An 18-year-old woman with vaginal agenesis and cervical dysgenesis and a 13-year-old woman with vaginal agenesis and cervical agenesis, both patients with a functional uterus. Creation of a neovagina by vaginal procedure and laparoscopically assisted biomaterial graft for uterovaginal anastomosis was performed in all patients. All surgical findings were carefully reviewed to determine the anatomic characteristics of the malformed cervix. Subsequent follow-up was done by referring physicians. Uterovaginal continuity was established successfully in both patients, and all of the women were menstruating normally. Granulomatous polyps occurred in one patient, and this condition was successfully managed. At 6-month follow-up, mean vaginal length was 12 cm and ≥ 80% of neovaginal epithelium was iodine positive in both patients. Unimpeded menstrual flow continued after 4 years of follow-up in one patient and 5 years of follow-up in the other patient. A combined laparoscopic and vaginal procedure with biomaterial graft could be an effective alternative in selected women with atresia of cervix and vagina. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Phillips, Elizabeth A; Wang, David S
We reviewed the literature on robot-assisted laparoscopic ureteral reimplantation and provide general considerations for indications, perioperative management, and steps of the case. Robot-associated laparoscopic procedures are becoming more common in urologic surgery. The uses of the da Vinci robot (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA) are expanding as well. We examine the use of the robot in distal ureteral reconstruction. A PubMed search was performed using keywords "robot" and "ureter," "distal ureter," "ureteral reimplant," "psoas," and "Boari." Papers that discussed proximal ureteral reconstruction and nephroureterectomy were excluded. A total of nine papers were relevant. Personal experience was also drawn upon. Distal ureteral reconstruction using the robotic technique is feasible, safe, and becoming more and more prevalent as surgeon comfort with the robot increases.
Matthews, Catherine A
Colposacropexy is the gold standard operation for repair of apical vaginal support defects. Although it is feasible to perform this operation using conventional laparoscopic techniques, a limited number of surgeons have mastered the advanced minimally invasive skills that are required. Introduction of the da Vinci® robotic system (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA) with instruments that have improved dexterity and precision and a camera system with three-dimensional imaging presents an opportunity for more surgeons treating women with pelvic organ prolapse to perform the procedure laparoscopically. This chapter outlines a technique that is exactly modeled after the open procedure for completion of a robotic-assisted colpo- and cervicosacropexy using the da Vinci® surgical system.
Ikeda, Tetsuo; Kawano, Hiroyuki; Hisamatsu, Yuichi; Ando, Koji; Saeki, Hiroshi; Oki, Eiji; Ohga, Takefumi; Kakeji, Yoshihiro; Tsujitani, Shunichi; Kohnoe, Shunji; Maehara, Yoshihiko
Billroth I (B-I) gastroduodenostomy is an anastomotic procedure that is widely performed after gastric resection for distal gastric cancer. A circular stapler often is used for B-I gastroduodenostomy in open and laparoscopic-assisted distal gastrectomy. Recently, totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (TLDG) has been considered less invasive than laparoscopic-assisted gastrectomy, and many institutions performing laparoscopic-assisted distal gastrectomy are trying to progress to TLDG without markedly changing the anastomosis method. The purpose of this report is to introduce the technical details of new methods of intracorporeal gastroduodenostomy using either a circular or linear stapler and to evaluate their technical feasibility and safety. Seventeen patients who underwent TLDG with the intracorporeal double-stapling technique using a circular stapler (n = 7) or the book-binding technique (BBT) using a linear stapler (n = 10) between February 2010 and April 2011 were enrolled in the study. Clinicopathological data, surgical data, and postoperative outcomes were analyzed. There were no intraoperative complications or conversions to open surgery in any of the 17 patients. The usual postoperative complications following gastroduodenostomy, such as anastomotic leakage and stenosis, were not observed. Anastomosis took significantly longer to complete with DST (64 ± 24 min) than with BBT (34 ± 7 min), but more stapler cartridges were needed with BBT than with DST. TLDG using a circular or linear stapler is feasible and safe to perform. DST will enable institutions performing laparoscopic-assisted distal gastrectomy with circular staplers to progress to TLDG without problems, and this progression may be more economical because fewer stapler cartridges are used during surgery. However, if an institution has already been performing δ anastomosis in TLDG but has been experiencing certain issues with δ anastomosis, converting from δ anastomosis to BBT should be
Yao, Fengqiu; Zhao, Weidong; Chen, Gang; Zhang, Aijun; Sun, Fanglin; Hu, Weiping; Ling, Bin
Radical surgery of primary vaginal carcinoma typically involves partial or complete resection of the vagina, and young patients in particular can experience sexual dysfunction after surgery. Vaginoplasty is mandatory for this population, multiple vaginal reconstructive techniques have been reported. Here we attempted to determine whether the peritoneum is a feasible alternative to the sigmoid colon in vaginoplasty performed during radical surgery. Between February 2005 and July 2009, 12 patients underwent radical surgery for Federation of International Gynecology and Obstetrics Stage I primary vaginal carcinoma in the upper one-third of the vagina. To retain a sex life, the patients received vaginoplasty either with the peritoneum (peritoneal group, 5 patients) or with the sigmoid colon (sigmoid group, 7 patients) during radical surgery. Surgeries were performed at the Anhui Provincial Hospital in China. The data between the two groups was retrospectively analyzed. The operating time was shorter for the peritoneal group than for the sigmoid group (Pvaginas between the two groups during surgery (P>0.05). No metastasis or operation-related complications were observed in any of the patients. Six months after surgery, the neo-vaginas of both groups were smooth, soft, and moist. The neo-vaginas in the sigmoid group were similar in size during and 6 months after surgery. The neo-vaginas in the peritoneal group were shorter (although no less wide) 6 months after surgery (Pvaginas of the peritoneal group, and intestinalization in the neo-vaginas of the sigmoid group. At the 36-month follow-up, all patients were clinically free of disease. Laparoscopic vaginoplasty using the peritoneum compared with using the sigmoid colon is simpler and more feasible for management of Stage I primary vaginal carcinoma. Its benefits include shorter operating time, no bowel disturbance, and production of a hygienic vaginal environment, as well as a potential sex life and oncologic outcome
Eu Chang Hwang
Full Text Available Several studies have revealed that the preoperative serum testosterone and percent tumor volume (PTV predict extra-prostatic extension (EPE and biochemical recurrence (BCR after radical prostatectomy. This study investigated the prognostic significance of serum testosterone and PTV in relation to EPE and BCR after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP. We reviewed 520 patients who underwent LRP between 2004 and 2012. PTV was determined as the sum of all visually estimated tumor foci in every section. BCR was defined as two consecutive increases in the postoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA >0.2 ng ml−1 . The threshold for serum total testosterone was 3.0 ng ml−1 . Multivariate logistic regression was used to define the effect of variables on the risk of EPE and BCR. A low serum testosterone (<3.0 ng ml−1 was associated with a high serum PSA, Gleason score, positive core percentage of the prostate biopsy, PTV, and all pathological variables. On multivariate analysis, similar to previous studies, the serum PSA, biopsy positive core percentage, Gleason score, and pathological variables predicted EPE and BCR. In addition, low serum testosterone (<3.0 ng ml−1 , adjusted OR, 8.52; 95% CI, 5.04-14.4, P= 0.001 predicted EPE and PTV (adjusted OR, 1.02; 95% CI, 1.01-1.05, P= 0.046 predicted BCR. In addition to previous predictors of EPE and BCR, low serum testosterone and PTV are valuable predictors of EPE and BCR after LRP.
Full Text Available Abstract Background Laparoscopic gastrectomy is a new and technically challenging surgical procedure with potential benefit. The objective of this study was to investigate clinical and para-clinical consequences following Roux-en-Y and Jejunal Loop interposition reconstructive techniques for subtotal gastrectomy using laparoscopic assisted surgery. Results Following resection of the stomach attachments through a laparoscopic approach, stomach was removed and reconstruction was performed with either standard Roux-en-Y (n = 5 or Jejunal Loop interposition (n = 5 methods. Weight changes were monitored on a daily basis and blood samples were collected on Days 0, 7 and 21 post surgery. A fecal sample was collected on Day 28 after surgery to evaluate fat content. One month post surgery, positive contrast radiography was conducted at 5, 10, 20, 40, 60 and 90 minutes after oral administration of barium sulfate, to evaluate the postoperative complications. There was a gradual decline in body weight in both experimental groups after surgery (P 0.05. Fecal fat content increased in the Roux-en-Y compared to the Jejunal loop interposition technique (P 0.05. Conclusion Roux-en-Y and Jejunal loop interposition techniques might be considered as suitable approaches for reconstructing gastro-intestinal tract following gastrectomy in dogs. The results of this study warrant further investigation with a larger number of animals.
Hanna, Nawar; Leow, Jeffrey J; Sun, Maxine; Friedlander, David F; Seisen, Thomas; Abdollah, Firas; Lipsitz, Stuart R; Menon, Mani; Kibel, Adam S; Bellmunt, Joaquim; Choueiri, Toni K; Trinh, Quoc-Dien
Over the past decade, robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) has gained traction as an alternative to the conventional open approach open radical cystectomy (ORC). However, the benefits of RARC over ORC remain unclear. Our objective was to conduct a comparative effectiveness analysis between RARC and ORC using data from the National Cancer Data Base. Within the National Cancer Data Base, we identified patients with localized muscle-invasive bladder cancer who underwent RC between 2010 and 2013. Patients were stratified according to surgical approach: ORC vs. RARC. Intraoperative endpoints included: the presence of positive surgical margins, the performance of a pelvic lymph node dissection, and number of lymph nodes (LN) removed. Postoperative endpoints included: length of stay (LOS), 30- and 90-day postoperative mortality (POM) rates, 30-day readmission rate, and overall survival (OS). To minimize selection bias, observed differences in baseline characteristics between RARC vs. ORC patients were controlled for using weighted propensity scores. Binary endpoints and OS were assessed using propensity score-adjusted logistic and Cox regression analyses, respectively. POM was assessed using propensity score weighted Kaplan-Meier survival estimates at 30 and 90 days after RC. Of 9,561 patients who underwent RC, 2,048 (21.4%) and 7,513 (78.6%) underwent RARC and ORC, respectively. The use of RARC increased over time, from 16.7% in 2010 to 25.3% in 2013. With regard to intraoperative outcomes, RARC was associated with equivalent rates of positive surgical margins (9.3% vs. 10.7%, odds ratio [OR] = 0.86, 95% CI: 0.72-1.03; P = 0.10), higher rates of pelvic lymph node dissection (96.4% vs. 92.0%, OR = 2.30, 95% CI: 1.67-3.16; P<0.001), higher median LN count (17 vs. 12, P<0.001), higher rates of LN count above the median (56.8% vs. 40.4%, OR = 1.94, 95% CI: 1.55-2.42, P<0.001). With regard to postoperative outcomes, receipt of RARC was associated with a shorter median LOS
Nadu, Andrei; Olsson, Lief Eric; Abbou, Claude Clement
To create a simple model for training in the complex technique of laparoscopic vesicourethral anastomosis after radical prostatectomy. A model simulating the performance of a laparoscopic running urethrovesical anastomosis was fashioned using skin of a supermarket chicken set in a laparoscopic training box. A circular continuous anastomosis was performed, following exactly the technique we use in vivo for performing a vesicourethral anastomosis after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Details regarding the use of the right or the left needle holder, needle positioning, precise stitch position, and use of forehand or backhand stitch were strictly respected in order to reproduce the continuous stitch currently done in vivo in our department. The learning curve was analyzed in terms of the time necessary to perform the task and the quality of the anastomosis. The model was created and used by the junior authors during their year of fellowship in advanced laparoscopic urology. The authors had no previous experience with hands-on laparoscopic suturing but have assisted in a great number of laparoscopic radical prostatectomies. The time required for performing the anastomosis on the model declined from 75 minutes initially to 20 minutes after the trainees had performed 20 anastomoses each. After this training, it was possible to create a watertight running laparoscopic vesicourethral anastomosis in patients in a mean time of 40 minutes (range 30-55 minutes). This simple model allows the trainee in laparoscopic urology to acquire the skills necessary to perform a laparoscopic vesicourethral anastomosis, one of the most complex steps in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy, as well as to develop dexterity and facility in laparoscopic manipulation of needles, sutures, and fragile tissues.
Enciso, S; Díaz-Güemes, I; Serrano, Á; Bachiller, J; Rioja, J; Usón, J; Sánchez-Margallo, F M
To assess a training model focused on laparoscopic nephrectomy. 16 residents participated in the study, who attended a training program with a theoretical session (1hour) and a dry (7hours) and a wet lab (13hours). During animal training, the first and last nephrectomies were assessed through the completion time and the global rating scale "Objective and Structured Assessment of Technical Skills" (OSATS). Before and after the course, they performed 3 tasks on the virtual reality simulator LAPMentor (1) eye-hand coordination; 2) hand-hand coordination; and 3) transference of objects), registering time and movement metrics. All participants completed a questionnaire related to the training components on a 5-point rating scale. The participants performed the last nephrectomy faster (P<.001) and with higher OSATS scores (P<.001). After the course, they completed the LAPMentor tasks faster (P<.05). The number of movements decreased in all tasks (1) P<.001, 2) P<.05, and 3) P<.05), and the path length in tasks 1 (P<.05) and 2 (P<.05). The movement speeds increased in tasks 2 (P<.001) and 3 (P<.001). With regards to the questionnaire, the usefulness of the animal training and the necessity of training on them prior to their laparoscopic clinical practice were the questions with the highest score (4.92±.28). The combination of physical simulation and animal training constitute an effective training model for improving basic and advanced skills for laparoscopic nephrectomy. The component preferred by the urology residents was the animal training. Copyright © 2015 AEU. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
Emad Sabri Rajih
Full Text Available Gossypiboma or textiloma are terms commonly used to describe a retained sponge in the body that is composed of sponge invested within a layer of foreign body reaction in the form of an abscess or an aseptic fibrotic reaction. These cases are rarely reported despite an incidence of 1:1,000-1,500 of abdominal or pelvic surgery. We report a patient who presented with an incidental supravesical mass discovered upon work up for frequency and suprapubic pain. He had appendectomy 35 years ago. The mass was excised by robotic-assisted laparoscopic technique. The pathologic evaluation came as gossypiboma.
Herling, Suzanne Forsyth; Palle, Connie; Moeller, Ann M
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of women are offered robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy as treatment for early-stage endometrial cancer in the developed world. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore how women diagnosed with early-stage endometrial cancer experienced robotic......-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were carried out with 12 women, and interview data were analyzed by qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Four overarching themes emerged: "surgery was a piece of cake," "recovering physically after surgery," "going from being off guard to being...... on guard," and "preparing oneself by seeking information." The women had confidence in the robotic technique and experienced fast recovery after robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy; however, they had uncertainties and unanswered questions concerning the postoperative course. Shortly after discharge...
Full Text Available Because of the minimal soft tissue injury, the laparoscopic-assisted internal fixation is a promising technique in fixing the pelvic anterior ring fracture. The aim of this study was to investigate the biomechanical performance of the laparoscopic-assisted plate by the finite element method. Four kinds of implants were investigated, that is, the laparoscopic-assisted plate (LAP, the percutaneous anterior pelvic bridge (PAPB, the transramus intraosseous screw (TIS, and the open reduction (OR. The stability of the implants was investigated under three loading cases, showing that when the LAP was used, the stress at the fracture site was smaller than that at other parts, while for other implants, the high stress was always around the fracture site. In conclusion, the LAP demonstrated a good biomechanical performance in fixing the pelvic anterior ring fracture and is a promising technique in clinical applications.
Nezhat, Farr R; Chang-Jackson, Shao-Chun R; Acholonu, Uchenna C; Vetere, Patrick F
Obturator nerve injury may occur in gynecologic surgery, particularly in cases in which extensive pelvic sidewall retroperitoneal dissection is performed. The lack of tactile feedback from the robotic surgical system may contribute to obturator nerve injury. If surgical division occurs, microsurgical end-to-end anastomosis of the obturator nerve may be performed. A 76-year-old woman with stage IA endometrial adenocarcinoma sustained a left obturator nerve transection during pelvic lymphadenectomy that was recognized immediately. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic repair was performed successfully, with the patient experiencing no residual neuropathy 6 months postoperatively. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic repair is feasible for the treatment of obturator nerve injury.
Kim, Min Jung; Lee, Kyo Won; Park, Jae Berm; Kim, Sung Joo
A 52-year-old man was admitted with an incidentally detected right renal artery aneurysm (RAA). Computed tomographic angiography with three-dimensional reconstruction revealed that the aneurysm was 2.2 cm in diameter and located at the renal hilum. We performed hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy with ex vivo repair of the RAA and auto-transplantation with minimal elongation of Gibson incision. The operation and postoperative course were uneventful. At last follow-up, the patient was alive with a well-functioning auto-transplant. Hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy and auto-transplantation is a useful treatment option for hilar RAA.
Full Text Available Background: The STAR System (Ekymed SpA is a novel multipurpose sponge developed for conventional manual laparoscopic surgery. Materials and Methods: Between December 2012 and December 2014, we successfully used the sponge in ten robot-assisted and ten direct manual laparoscopic operations to achieve haemostasis, for blunt dissections, for atraumatic lifting of solid organs, to check for bile leaks, for cleaning the surgical field thus avoiding frequent use of suction or the application of haemostatic agents. The reason of the insertion (RI, the main use (MU and any further use (FU, once inserted, were registered for each operation and compared between the two groups. Results: The principal RI was haemostasis for minor bleeding, without differences between the two groups (P = not significant. Regard to MU, in the robotic group cleaning the surgical field was utilised more than laparoscopic group (100% vs. 60%; P = 0.03. About FU, atraumatic solid organs lifting was more frequent during robotically assisted surgery than with laparoscopy (50% vs. 0%; P = 0.01. A statistically more frequent use of the sponge was registered during standard laparoscopy for the blunt dissection (30% vs. 80%; P = 0.03. Conclusions: The STAR System was beneficial in both approaches, but it imparts added benefit during robotically-assisted laparoscopic surgery organs because of the lack of tactile feedback and because the operating surgeon is remote from the patient, and has to rely on the assisting surgeon in the sterile field for dealing with bleeding episodes, cleansing/mopping the operative field when necessary, who may not be experienced or completely proficient.
Full Text Available Introduction. To explore the long term incidence and predictors of incisional hernia in patients that had RARP. Methods. All patients who underwent RARP between 2003 and 2012 were mailed a survey reviewing hernia type, location, and repair. Results. Of 577 patients, 48 (8.3% had a hernia at an incisional site (35 men had umbilical, diagnosed at (median 1.2 years after RARP (mean follow-up of 5.05 years. No statistically significant differences were found in preoperative diabetes, smoking, pathological stage, age, intraoperative/postoperative complications, operative time, blood loss, BMI, and drain type between patients with and without incisional hernias. Incisional hernia patients had larger median prostate weight (45 versus 38 grams; P=0.001 and a higher proportion had prior laparoscopic cholecystectomy (12.5% (6/48 versus 4.6% (22/480; P=0.033. Overall, 4% (23/577 of patients underwent surgical repair of 24 incisional hernias, 22 umbilical and 2 other port site hernias. Conclusion. Incisional hernia is a known complication of RARP and may be associated with a larger prostate weight and history of prior laparoscopic cholecystectomy. There is concern about the underreporting of incisional hernia after RARP, as it is a complication often requiring surgical revision and is of significance for patient counseling before surgery.
Zhang, Peng; Bai, Jie; Shuai, Xiaoming; Chang, Weilong; Gao, Jinbo; Liu, Xinghua; Wang, Guobin; Tao, Kaixiong
Nowadays, laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection (LAPR) not only has the same oncologic safety of open surgery and but also has the common advantages of laparoscopic surgery. However, given the difficulty in operation and long operative time, laparoscopic extraperitoneal colostomy construction is rarely practiced and reported. In this study, we describe technique of extraperitoneal colostomy using circular stapler following LAPR and demonstrate its efficacy and safety. This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively maintained data of 42 patients who underwent LAPR with circular stapler-assisted extraperitoneal colostomy in our department between July 2011 and June 2014. The mean time for extraperitoneal colostomy construction was 25 min (18-33 min). The mean operative time, estimated blood loss, postoperative gastrointestinal function recovery time, and duration of postoperative hospital stay were 160 min (115-225 min), 45 ml (10-250 ml), 33 h (26-45 h), and 8.6 days (6-13 days), respectively; 4.8 % of the patients had postoperative short-term complications. There were no stenosis, prolapse, and parastomal hernia observed in follow-up period. At 6 months after operation, 26 patients (62 %) claimed to be satisfied with their postoperative stool habits, 29 patients (69 %) had sensation to defecate per stoma, and 11 (26.2 %) patients had the ability to defer defecation for solid or liquid stool per stoma. Circular stapler-assisted extraperitoneal colostomy is an easy, effective, and safe technique following LAPR and appears to minimize the occurrence of stomal complications and improve the quality of life for patients.
Thomas, Tina T; Teitelbaum, Daniel H; Smith, Ethan A; Dillman, Jonathan R; Vellody, Ranjith; Jarboe, Marcus D
Surgical procedures for high imperforate anus have ranged from the posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) to laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty (LAARP). PSARP bisects the sphincter muscle complex, introducing muscle injury and scarring. LAARP uses a straight trocar to traverse an often non-linear sphincter muscle complex. MRI-assisted LAARP (MRI-LAARP) guides the neorectum precisely through the middle of the entire sphincter complex along its trajectory. We present our experience utilizing MRI intraoperatively during LAARP. Ten children underwent MRI-LAARP procedures. Intraoperative MRI was performed to delineate the sphincter complex, and to guide the advancement of an MRI-compatible needle through the center of the complex from skin to the peritoneal cavity. The remainder of the procedure was completed using the standard LAARP technique. All had successful MRI needle placement through the sphincter complex. Nine patients had successful laparoscopic pull-through procedures; one was converted to open due to severe intraperitoneal adhesions. Postoperative stay averaged 5.4 ± 4.4 days. Out of the ten patients, one child had mild dehiscence of the anal anastomosis requiring revision 11 days postoperatively. The theoretical advantage of the MRI-LAARP is placing the neorectum through the entire sphincter complex without transecting the muscle. Follow-up of these patients shows good short-term results; however, long-term follow-up will be needed to best assess sphincter and bowel function.
Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Bizarre leiomyoma is a rare leiomyoma variant that requires a precise histopathological evaluation. Especially when diagnosed in a younger woman, this tumor leads to challenging treatment issues involving fertility preservation. Owing to the low incidence of bizarre leiomyoma, there is insufficient evidence to support myomectomy alone as an appropriate management option. Also, the impact of bizarre leiomyoma on fertility is not well known. Case presentation A 30-year-old Japanese woman who had never given birth was referred to us because of a uterine tumor with an unusual diagnostic image and was treated by a gasless laparoscopic-assisted excision with a wound retractor. Owing to an unclear margin between her uterine tumor and myometrium, a concomitant excision of adjacent myometrial tissue was required to achieve the maximum resection of her tumor. The histopathological diagnosis was bizarre leiomyoma. Seven months later, she conceived spontaneously and her pregnancy course was uneventful. At 37 weeks of gestation, an elective cesarean section was performed. Although a slight omental adhesion was noted at the postexcisional scar, her uterine wall structure was well preserved and a recurrence of bizarre leiomyoma was not noted. Conclusions A laparoscopic-assisted excision of bizarre leiomyoma is a feasible and minimally invasive conservative measure for a woman who wishes to preserve fertility.
Usta, Taner; Karacan, Tolga; Kale, Ahmet; Mutlu, Sevgin; Tıryakı, Talha
The aim of this video is to demonstrate the alternative technique of robot-assisted laparoscopic pectouteropexy for uterus preservation in obese patients with pelvic organ prolapse. We present the case report of a 44-year-old patient with apical pelvic organ prolapse. A pelvic examination was performed during a Valsalva maneuver in the dorsal lithotomy position and in the standing position, and the patient was diagnosed with stage III apical prolapse in accordance with the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification system of the International Continence Society (POP-Q: Аа -1, Ва 0, Вр 0, С +2). We performed the procedure, which was developed as an alternative to sacrocolpopexy or sacrouteropexy, as described by Banerjee and Noé (Arch Gynecol Obstet 284:24-28, 2011). Pectouteropexy is a new method for prolapse surgery that uses the lateral parts of the iliopectineal ligament for bilateral mesh fixation of the descended structures and provides strong apical support. We believe that robot-assisted laparoscopic pectouteropexy is a valuable alternative approach for uterus-preserving pelvic organ prolapse surgery owing to its better robot maneuverability, reduced operating time, and better visualization in obese patients.
Fernanda O. de Carvalho
Full Text Available Multiple shunt failure is a challenge in pediatric neurosurgery practice and one of the most feared complications of hydrocephalus. Objective: To demonstrate that laparoscopic procedures for distal ventriculoperitoneal shunt failure may be an effective option for patients who underwent multiple revisions due to repetitive manipulation of the peritoneal cavity, abdominal pseudocyst, peritonitis or other situations leading to a “non reliable” peritoneum. Method: From March 2012 to February 2013, the authors reviewed retrospectively the charts of six patients born and followed up at our institution, which presented with previous intra-peritoneal complications and underwent ventriculoperitoneal shunt revision assisted by video laparoscopy. Results: After a mean follow-up period of nine months, all patients are well and no further shunt failure was identified so far. Conclusion: Laparoscopy assisted shunt revision in children may be, in selected cases, an effective option for patients with multiple peritoneal complications due to ventriculo-peritoneal shunting.
Patel, Vipul; Thaly, Rahul; Shah, Ketul
Introduction: Robotically assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is a minimally invasive alternative for the treatment of prostate cancer. We report the histopathologic and short term PSA outcomes of 500 robotic prostatectomies. Materials and Methods: Five hundred patients underwent robotic radical prostatectomy. The procedure was performed via a six trocar transperitoneal technique. Prostatectomy specimens were analyzed for TNM Stage, Gleason's grade, tumor location, volume, specimen weight, seminal vesicle involvement and margin status. A positive margin was reported if cancer cells were found at the inked specimen margin. PSA data was collected every three months for the first year, then every six months for a year, then yearly. Results: Average pre-operative PSA was 6.9 (1-90) with Gleason's score of 5 (2%), 6 (52%), 7 (40%), 8 (4%), 9(2%). Post operatively histopathologic analysis showed Gleason's 6 (44%), 7(42%), 8(10%), 9(4%). 10%, 5%, 63%, 15%, 5% and 2% had pathologic stage T2a, T2b, T2c, T3a, T3b and T4 respectively. Positive margin rate was 9.4% for the entire series. The positive margin rate per 100 cases was: 13% (1-100), 8% (101-200), 13% (201-300), 5% (301-400) and 8% (401-500). By stage it was 2%, 4%, 2.5% for T2a, T2b, T2c tumors, 23% (T3a), 46% (T3b) and 53% (T4a). For organ confined disease (T2) the margin rate was 2.5% and 31% for non organ confined disease. There were a total of 47 positive margins, 26 (56%) posterolateral, 4 (8.5%) apical, 4 (8.5%) bladder neck, 2 (4%) seminal vesicle and 11 (23%) multifocally. Ninety five percent of patients (n=500) have undetectable PSA (<0.1) at average follow up of 9.7 months. Recurrence has only been seen with non organ confined tumors. Those patients with a minimum follow up of 1 year (average 15.7 months) 95% have undetectable PSA (<.1). Conclusion: Our initial experience with robotic radical prostatectomy is promising. Histopathologic outcomes are acceptable with a low overall margin positive rate
Ahmed, H; Youssef, M K; Salem, E A; Fawzi, A M; Desoky, E A E; Eliwa, A M; Sakr, A M N; Shahin, A M S
Laparoscopic hernia repairs have been proven to be efficient and safe for children, despite the slightly higher recurrence rate compared with the classic surgical repair. They have the advantage of easy and precise identification of the type of defect and its correction, both in ipsilateral and contralateral sides. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the efficacy, safety and outcome of the laparoscopically assisted piecemeal high ligation of a patent processus vaginalis (PPV) in children. A total of 40 children were enrolled into this prospective study; they were aged ≥ 6 months and had an inguinal hernia. The peritoneal cavity, including the contralateral side, was inspected for the possibility of bilateral hernias using a 3-mm 30° telescope. Another 3-mm port was introduced through the same infra-umbilical incision. The hernia was manually reduced or with the aid of a working infra-umbilical grasper. A prolene or vicryl 2/0 or 3/0 suture on a curved semicircle round-bodied taper-ended 25-30 mm needle was introduced through a very small inguinal skin-crease incision. It was passed through the abdominal wall layers to the peritoneum and was manipulated by the laparoscopic grasper to pick up the peritoneum in piecemeal all around the internal ring. The needle was then pushed to the outside near to the entrance site, thus forming a semicircle around the internal ring. The suture was then tied and the knot was subcutaneously buried. The primary outcome of the procedure was the incidence of intraoperative diagnosis and surgical repair of contralateral hernias in pre-operatively diagnosed unilateral cases. The secondary outcomes were defined as the incidence of complications and hernia recurrence. The exploratory laparoscopy found contralateral patent processus vaginalis (CPPV) with a detection rate of 28.1%. Chan et al., Esposito et al., Toufique et al. and Niyogi et al. reported similar figures for laparoscopic contralateral hernia detection rates of 28
Hu, Jim C; O'Malley, Padraic; Chughtai, Bilal; Isaacs, Abby; Mao, Jialin; Wright, Jason D; Hershman, Dawn; Sedrakyan, Art
Robot-assisted surgery has been rapidly adopted in the U.S. for prostate cancer. Its adoption has been driven by market forces and patient preference, and debate continues regarding whether it offers improved outcomes to justify the higher cost relative to open surgery. We examined the comparative effectiveness of robot-assisted vs open radical prostatectomy in cancer control and survival in a nationally representative population. This population based observational cohort study of patients with prostate cancer undergoing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy and open radical prostatectomy during 2003 to 2012 used data captured in the SEER (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results)-Medicare linked database. Propensity score matching and time to event analysis were used to compare all cause mortality, prostate cancer specific mortality and use of additional treatment after surgery. A total of 6,430 robot-assisted radical prostatectomies and 9,161 open radical prostatectomies performed during 2003 to 2012 were identified. The use of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy increased from 13.6% in 2003 to 2004 to 72.6% in 2011 to 2012. After a median followup of 6.5 years (IQR 5.2-7.9) robot-assisted radical prostatectomy was associated with an equivalent risk of all cause mortality (HR 0.85, 0.72-1.01) and similar cancer specific mortality (HR 0.85, 0.50-1.43) vs open radical prostatectomy. Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy was also associated with less use of additional treatment (HR 0.78, 0.70-0.86). Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy has comparable intermediate cancer control as evidenced by less use of additional postoperative cancer therapies and equivalent cancer specific and overall survival. Longer term followup is needed to assess for differences in prostate cancer specific survival, which was similar during intermediate followup. Our findings have significant quality and cost implications, and provide reassurance regarding the adoption of more
Tiberio M. Siqueira Jr.
Full Text Available Purpose: To compare the perioperative complication rate obtained with the transperitoneal laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (TLRP and with the extraperitoneal LRP (ELRP during the learning curve (LC. Materials and Methods: Data of the initial 40 TLRP (Group 1 were retrospectively compared with the initial 40 ELRP (Group 2. Each Group of patients was operated by two different surgeons. Results: The overall surgical time (175 min x 267.6 min; p < 0.001 and estimated blood loss (177.5 mL x 292.4 mL; p < 0.001 were statistically better in the Group 1. Two intraoperative complications were observed in Group 1 (5% represented by one case of bleeding and one case of rectal injury, whereas four complications (10% were observed in Group 2, represented by two cases of bleeding, one bladder and one rectal injuries (p = 0.675. Open conversion occurred once in each Group (2.5%. Overall postoperative complications were similar (52.5% x 35%; p = 0.365. Major early postoperative complications occurred in three and in one case in Group 1 and 2, respectively. Group 1 had two peritonitis (fecal and urinary, leading to one death in this group. Conclusions: No statistical differences in overall complication rates were observed. The transperitoneal approach presented more serious complications during the early postoperative time and this fact is attributed to the potential chance of intraperitoneal peritonitis not observed with the extraperitoneal route.
Pinochet, Rodrigo; Nogueira, Lucas; Cronin, Angel M; Katz, Darren; Rabbani, Farhang; Guillonneau, Bertrand; Touijer, Karim
To assess the role of short-term antibiotic therapy (ABT) in preventing urinary tract infection (UTI) after catheter removal following laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP). 729 consecutive patients underwent LRP by one of two surgeons. One surgeon systematically prescribed a 3-day course of ABT (ciprofloxacin) starting the day before catheter removal; the other surgeon did not. The groups were compared for the incidence of symptomatic UTI occurring within 6 weeks after catheter removal. ABT was given to 261 of 713 patients (37%), while the remaining 452 patients (63%) did not receive ABT. After catheter removal, UTI was observed less frequently among patients receiving ABT: 3.1 vs. 7.3% in those not receiving ABT (p = 0.019). A number needed to treat to prevent 1 UTI is 24. Hospital readmission for febrile UTI was observed only in patients who did not receive ABT (n = 5, 1.1 vs. 0%, p = 0.16). One would need to prescribe ABT for 91 LRP patients to prevent 1 case of febrile UTI. ABT at the time of catheter removal reduced the risk of postoperative UTI after LRP. One would need to prescribe ABT to 24 patients to prevent 1 case of UTI. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Full Text Available Objective. The aim of the present study was to evaluate initial learning curves of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP with regard to complications, urinary continence, and oncologic outcome. Materials and Methods. We retrospectively reviewed 100 consecutive patients with clinically localized prostate cancer. All 100 patients underwent LRP performed by the same urologist at one institution. Results: Mean operating time (208.4±48.6 min, estimated blood loss (495.8±436.5 mL, allogeneic blood transfusion rate (0%, and intraoperative complications diminished with surgical experience. Positive margin rate varied greatly among pathological stage (positive margin rates: pT2 = 20.5%; pT3 = 63.0%. A trend towards reduction of positive surgical margins in pT2 cases was apparent with increasing experience. Intraoperative and early complications occurred in 2.0% of patients. In all patients, 85.9% used none or no more than one pad per 24 h at 6 months postoperatively. Prostate-specific antigen recurrence was seen in only 2 patients. Conclusions. In the present series of 100 patients, our retrospective evaluation confirms that LRP provides satisfactory results.
Omae, Kenji; Kondo, Tsunenori; Takagi, Toshio; Iizuka, Junpei; Kobayashi, Hirohito; Hashimoto, Yasunobu; Tanabe, Kazunari
This study aimed to compare the outcomes of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) between patients undergoing dialysis for ≤240 and >240 months. Data from all dialysis patients with non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) treated with LRN between 2008 and 2015 in our hospital were evaluated retrospectively. Patients were divided into two groups, shorter- and longer-term dialysis patients, according to the preoperative duration of dialysis (≤240 vs. >240 months). Of 174 patients, 58 (33.3%) were on longer-term dialysis. Perioperative minor complications were significantly more frequent in the longer-term dialysis patients (P = 0.03). There was no significant difference between the two groups in other perioperative outcomes. Patients on longer-term dialysis more frequently had pathologically advanced RCC (P = 0.009) with poorer prognosis (P = 0.005). LRN for RCC in longer-term dialysis patients appears to be safe and feasible; however, careful follow-up is needed because these patients tend to have poorer prognosis. © 2017 International Society for Apheresis, Japanese Society for Apheresis, and Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy.
Magheli, Ahmed; Knoll, Nina; Lein, Michael; Hinz, Stefan; Kempkensteffen, Carsten; Gralla, Oliver
Postoperative recovery of intestinal function, ability to ambulate, and effective pain management are main features to establish an effective fast-track surgery model. We investigated pain scores, ambulation rate, and recovery of intestinal function in a cohort of patients who were undergoing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP). Fifty patients who underwent LRP in our institution were randomized to receive either conventional or fast-track postoperative care. Postoperative intestinal function was quantified by clinical signs of intestinal motility. Ambulation data were collected by means of step-count devices. Pain scores were measured by a visual analog scale. Overall satisfaction and additional measures to describe patient satisfaction with the clinical course were used as quality-of-life variables. Fast-track patients had significantly earlier propulsive intestinal motility without increased intestinal complications. Enforced mobilization led to a significantly shorter period to first deflation/defecation. Despite significantly increased ambulation rates in the fast-track group, these patients reported significantly less pain sentience during a significantly shorter hospital stay. Overall satisfaction was significantly higher in the fast-track cohort during the hospital stay. With the implementation of fast-track concepts for LRP, patients can be discharged to home earlier with fewer complications, lower pain scores, and an overall higher satisfaction with life.
Greco, Francesco; Wagner, Sigrid; Hoda, Rashid M; Hamza, Amir; Fornara, Paolo
To compare the oncological outcomes of laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy (LNU) vs open NU (ONU) for upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). Between July 1999 and January 2003, we performed 70 LNUs and 70 ONUs for TCC of the upper urinary tract. ONU was reserved for patients with previous abdominal surgery or with severe cardiac and/or pulmonary problems. Demographic data, tumour staging and histological grading and rates of metastasis were recorded and compared. For LNU and ONU the mean operative durations were 240 min and 190 min, respectively. The definitive pathology showed a high incidence of tumour stage pT2 G2 in both LNU and ONU groups. The median follow-up was 60 months. In the LNU group, the 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) was 75%: 100% for pTa, 88% for pT1, 78% for pT2, and 35% for pT3 (P ONU group, the 5-year DFS was 73% (LNU vs ONU, P = 0.037): 100% for pTa, 89% for pT1, 75% for pT2 and 31% for pT3 (P ONU in the therapy of upper urinary tract urothelial cancer.
Ulrich, U; Rhiem, K; Flaskamp, C; Krebs, D
Chronic inversion of the uterus is a serious obstetric complication often requiring laparotomy as manual replacement alone usually fails. We report on the successful laparoscopic-assisted replacement of a chronically inverted puerperal uterus on the 11th day post partum. The scientific literature back to the 19th century is briefly discussed.
Yao, Akihisa; Iwamoto, Hideto; Masago, Toshihiko; Morizane, Shuichi; Honda, Masashi; Sejima, Takehiro; Takenaka, Atsushi
To evaluate the impact of anatomical dimensions as measured using preoperative magnetic resonance imaging on the outcomes of robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy. We retrospectively reviewed 100 consecutive robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy procedures that were carried out by a single surgeon at the Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine, Yonago, Japan. Preoperative clinical data and anatomical measurements, including the calculated prostate volume pelvic cavity index, were determined based on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging, and their effects on console time, estimated blood loss and surgical margin status were compared. Body mass index, the prostate anteroposterior diameter, and the prostate volume-to-pelvic cavity index ratio were all significantly correlated with console time and estimated blood loss, based on a univariate analysis (P robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy. Our data show that patients with larger prostates and narrow, deep pelvises might present more difficulty in robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy procedures. However, the present data also show that this problem can be overcome by an experienced operator with improved surgical techniques. © 2014 The Japanese Urological Association.
Herling, Suzanne Forsyth; Møller, Ann M; Palle, Connie
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective cohort study using patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) was to detect short term changes in functioning, symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy (RALH) for endometrial cancer or atypical complex...
Matsevych, Oleh Yevhenovych; Koto, Modise Zacharia; Aldous, Colleen
Therapeutic laparoscopy (TL) for penetrating abdominal trauma (PAT) is controversial because the management of multiple bowel injuries is challenging and the conversion rate is high. However, the laparoscopic-assisted approach (LAA) allows easy management of multiple bowel injuries but not investigated in a trauma setting. The aim of this study was to investigate its role in management of multiple bowel injuries and to compare LAA with therapeutic laparoscopy performed fully laparoscopically (FTL). All adult patients with PAT managed with TL over four-year period were analyzed. Intraoperative findings, trauma scoring, grading of bowel injuries, related procedures, outcomes and length of hospital stay (LOS) were compared between LAA and FTL groups. Seventy two (53%) patients were in the FTL group and 65 (47%) in the LAA group. The majority of patients presented with stab wounds. Colonic and small bowel injuries were more common in the LAA group (19 versus 17 and 47 versus 8, respectively). The higher number of bowel repairs, resections and anastomosis were performed in the LAA group. The ISS was higher in the FTL group (13 versus 11, p = 0.02), and the PATI was higher in the LAA group (6 versus 10, p < 0.001). Nine patients in the FTL group suffered Clavien-Dindo grade 3 complications and 11 patients in the LAA group. There was one death in each group. No missed injuries were reported. There was no significant difference in LOS between groups. The LAA is safe in the management of stable patients with PAT. It can used for management of multiple bowel injuries instead of a conversion to laparotomy. It provides benefits of minimally invasive surgery and the speed and versatility of laparotomy. Moreover, the LAA seems not to be inferior to entirely laparoscopic therapeutic procedures. More studies are needed to compare LAA with FTL and laparotomy. Copyright © 2017 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Uematsu, Dai; Akiyama, Gaku; Sugihara, Takehiko; Magishi, Akiko; Yamaguchi, Takuya; Sano, Takayuki
Complete mesocolic excision is currently recognized as a standard procedure for colon cancer. Gastroepiploic, infrapyloric, and superficial pancreatic head lymph node metastases in the gastrocolic ligament have been reported for colon cancer close to the hepatic flexure. We sought to investigate metastases in the gastrocolic ligament in colon cancer close to the hepatic flexure. This was a single-center retrospective study. All patients with T2 or deeper invasive colon cancer in the relevant tumor location who underwent laparoscopic right hemicolectomy or extended right hemicolectomy at our institution between 1 April 2011 and 31 March 2015 were included. Lymph node dissection in the gastrocolic ligament was performed in 35 cases. Complications occurred in 11 patients (31%) and were grades I and II according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. Lymph node metastases in the gastrocolic ligament were found in only three patients (9%). Each metastasis was larger than 9 mm. Metastases in the gastrocolic ligament occurred in 9% of patients with T2 or deeper invasive colon cancer close to the hepatic flexure. Laparoscopy was feasible and useful during gastrocolic ligament resection. This study included a small sample and lacked an extended follow-up. Further studies are needed to determine the clinical relevance of this finding, particularly in terms of recurrence and long-term survival. © 2016 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.
Youssef S. Tanagho
Full Text Available Laparoscopic renal surgery is associated with reduced blood loss, shorter hospital stay, enhanced cosmesis, and more rapid convalescence relative to open renal surgery. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is a minimally invasive, nephron-sparing alternative to laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for the management of small renal masses. While offering similar oncological outcomes to laparoscopic radical nephrectomy, the technical challenges and prolonged learning curve associated with laparoscopic partial nephrectomy limit its wider dissemination. Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy, although still an evolving procedure with no long-term data, has emerged as a viable alternative to laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, with favorable preliminary outcomes. This article provides an overview of the role of robot-assisted partial nephrectomy in the management of renal cell carcinoma. The clinical indications and principles of surgical technique for this procedure are discussed. The oncological, renal functional, and perioperative outcomes of robot-assisted partial nephrectomy are also evaluated, as are complication rates.
Holländer, Sebastian W; Klingen, Hans Joachim; Fritz, Marliese; Djalali, Peter; Birk, Dieter
Despite advances in instruments and techniques in laparoscopic surgery, one thing remains uncomfortable: the camera assistance. The aim of this study was to investigate the benefit of a joystick-guided camera holder (SoloAssist®, Aktormed, Barbing, Germany) for laparoscopic surgery and to compare the robotic assistance to human assistance. 1033 consecutive laparoscopic procedures were performed assisted by the SoloAssist®. Failures and aborts were documented and nine surgeons were interviewed by questionnaire regarding their experiences. In 71 of 1033 procedures, robotic assistance was aborted and the procedure was continued manually, mostly because of frequent changes of position, narrow spaces, and adverse angular degrees. One case of short circuit was reported. Emergency stop was necessary in three cases due to uncontrolled movement into the abdominal cavity. Eight of nine surgeons prefer robotic to human assistance, mostly because of a steady image and self-control. The SoloAssist® robot is a reliable system for laparoscopic procedures. Emergency shutdown was necessary in only three cases. Some minor weak spots could have been identified. Most surgeons prefer robotic assistance to human assistance. We feel that the SoloAssist® makes standard laparoscopic surgery more comfortable and further development is desirable, but it cannot fully replace a human assistant.
Collin Jacqueline E
Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Diverticular disease of the colon is a common benign condition. The majority of patients with diverticular disease are asymptomatic and are managed non-operatively, however complications such as perforation, bleeding, fistulation and stricture formation can necessitate surgical intervention. A giant colonic diverticulum is defined as a diverticulum larger than 4 cm in diameter. Despite the increasing incidence of colonic diverticular disease, giant colonic diverticula remain a rare clinical entity. Case presentation This is the first reported case of laparoscopic-assisted resection of a giant colonic diverticulum. We discuss the symptoms and signs of this rare complication of diverticular disease and suggest investigations and management. Reflecting on this case and those reported in the literature to date, we highlight potential diagnostic difficulties and consider the differential diagnosis of intra-abdominal gas-filled cysts. Conclusion The presence of a giant colonic diverticulum carries substantial risk of complications. Diagnosis is based on history and examination supported by abdominal X-ray and computed tomography findings. In view of the chronic course of symptoms and potential for complications, elective surgical removal is recommended. Colonic resection is the treatment of choice for this condition and, where possible, should be performed laparoscopically.
Boggi, Ugo; Signori, Stefano; Vistoli, Fabio; Amorese, Gabriella; Consani, Giovanni; De Lio, Nelide; Perrone, Vittorio; Croce, Chiara; Marchetti, Piero; Cantarovich, Diego; Mosca, Franco
Pancreas transplant recipients continue to suffer high surgical morbidity. Current robotic technology provides a unique opportunity to test whether laparoscopy can improve the post-operative course of pancreas transplantation (PT). Current knowledge on robotic pancreas and renal transplantation was reviewed to determine feasibility and safety of robotic PT. Information available from literature was included in this review, together with personal experience including three PT, and two renal allotransplants. As of April 2011, the relevant literature provides two case reports on robotic renal transplantation. The author's experience consists of one further renal allotransplantation, two solitary PT, and one simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation. Information obtained at international conferences include several other renal allotransplants, but no additional PT. Preliminary data show that PT is feasible laparoscopically under robotic assistance, but raises concerns regarding the effects of increased warm ischemia time on graft viability. Indeed, during construction of vascular anastomoses, graft temperature progressively increases, since maintenance of a stable graft temperature is difficult to achieve laparoscopically. There is no proof that progressive graft warming produces actual damage to transplanted organs, unless exceedingly long. However, this important question is likely to elicit a vibrant discussion in the transplant community.
Full Text Available Purpose: One of the major advantages for patients undergoing minimally invasive surgery as compared to an open surgical procedure is the improved recovery profile and decreased opioid requirements in the perioperative period. There are no definitive studies comparing the analgesic requirements in patients undergoing two different types of minimally invasive procedure. This study retrospectively compares the perioperative analgesic requirements in severely obese adolescents and young adults undergoing laparoscopic versus robotic-assisted, laparoscopic gastric sleeve resection. Materials and Methods: With Institutional Review Board approval, the medication administration records of all severely obese patients who underwent gastric sleeve resection were retrospectively reviewed. Intra-operative analgesic and adjuvant medications administered, postoperative analgesic requirements, and visual analog pain scores were compared between those undergoing a laparoscopic procedure versus a robotic-assisted procedure. Results: This study cohort included a total of 28 patients who underwent gastric sleeve resection surgery with 14 patients in the laparoscopic group and 14 patients in the robotic-assisted group. Intra-operative adjuvant administration of both intravenous acetaminophen and ketorolac was similar in both groups. Patients in the robotic-assisted group required significantly less opioid during the intra-operative period as compared to patients in the laparoscopic group (0.15 ± 0.08 mg/kg vs. 0.19 ± 0.06 mg/kg morphine, P = 0.024. Cumulative opioid requirements for the first 72 postoperative h were similar in both the groups (0.64 ± 0.25 vs. 0.68 ± 0.27 mg/kg morphine, P = NS. No difference was noted in the postoperative pain scores. Conclusion: Although intraoperative opioid administration was lower in the robotic-assisted group, the postoperative opioid requirements, and the postoperative pain scores were similar in both groups.
Takagi, Toshio; Kondo, Tsunenori; Tachibana, Hidekazu; Iizuka, Junpei; Omae, Kenji; Kobayashi, Hirohito; Yoshida, Kazuhiko; Tanabe, Kazunari
To compare surgical outcomes between robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and open partial nephrectomy in patients with chronic kidney disease. Of 550 patients who underwent partial nephrectomy between 2012 and 2015, 163 patients with T1-2 renal tumors who had an estimated glomerular filtration rate between 30 and 60 mL/min/1.73 m 2 , and underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy or open partial nephrectomy were retrospectively analyzed. To minimize selection bias between the two surgical methods, patient variables were adjusted by 1:1 propensity score matching. The present study included 75 patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and 88 undergoing open partial nephrectomy. After propensity score matching, 40 patients were included in each operative group. The mean preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate was 49 mL/min/1.73 m 2 . The mean ischemia time was 21 min in robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (warm ischemia) and 35 min in open partial nephrectomy (cold ischemia). Preservation of the estimated glomerular filtration rate 3-6 months postoperatively was not significantly different between robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and open partial nephrectomy (92% vs 91%, P = 0.9348). Estimated blood loss was significantly lower in the robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy group than in the open partial nephrectomy group (104 vs 185 mL, P = 0.0025). The postoperative length of hospital stay was shorter in the robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy group than in the open partial nephrectomy group (P robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and open partial nephrectomy provide similar outcomes in terms of functional preservation and perioperative complications among patients with chronic kidney disease. However, a lower estimated blood loss and shorter postoperative length of hospital stay can be obtained with robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy
Lauridsen, Susanne Vahr; Tønnesen, Hanne; Jensen, Bente Thoft
BACKGROUND: Radical cystectomy is associated with high rates of perioperative morbidity. Robotic-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) is widely used today despite limited evidence for clinical superiority. The aim of this review was to evaluate the effect of RARC compared to open radical cystectomy....... Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that examined RARC compared to ORC were included in this review. We assessed the quality of evidence using the Cochrane Collaboration's 'Risk of bias' tool and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. Data were extracted and analysed...
Nishikawa, Masatomo; Watanabe, Hiromitsu; Kurahashi, Toshifumi
To evaluate the impact of metabolic syndrome on the early recovery of urinary continence after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. The present study included a total of 302 consecutive Japanese patients with clinically localized prostate cancer who underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. In this study, postoperative urinary continence was defined as no leak or the use of a security pad. The continence status was assessed by interviews before and 1 and 3 months after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Metabolic syndrome was defined as follows: body mass index ≥25 kg/m 2 and two or more of the following: hypertension, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia. The effect of the presence of metabolic syndrome on the continence status of these patients was retrospectively examined. A total of 116 (38.4%) and 203 (67.2%) of the 302 patients were continent at 1 and 3 months after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy, respectively. A total of 31 (10.3%) patients were judged to have metabolic syndrome. Despite the operative time being longer in patients with metabolic syndrome, no significant differences were observed in the remaining preoperative, intraoperative or postoperative variables between patients with or without metabolic syndrome. On multivariate logistic regression analysis, metabolic syndrome and the duration of hospitalization were significantly correlated with the 1-month continence status. Similarly, metabolic syndrome and estimated blood loss during surgery were independent predictors of continence rates at 3 months after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. These findings suggest that the presence of metabolic syndrome could have a significant impact on the early recovery of urinary continence after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. © 2017 The Japanese Urological Association.
Herling, Suzanne Forsyth; Havemann, Maria Cecilie; Palle, Connie
. The overall incidence of complications was 15%, also with no significant difference between groups (p = 0.32). The most frequent complications were urinary tract infections (6%) and port site/wound infections (3%). A total of 21% of the women who had lymphadenectomy developed lymphoedema within 12 months...... the incidence of complications according to the Clavien-Dindo scale after robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy (RALH) for early-stage endometrial cancer and atypical complex hyperplasia. The Clavien-Dindo scale grades the severity of complications. METHODS: This was a retrospective, descriptive cohort...... study of 235 women with endometrial cancer or atypical complex hyperplasia who had RALH. Surgeries were stratified into two groups: with or without pelvic lymphadenectomy. RESULTS: A total of 6% developed a grade 3 or higher complication with no significant difference (p = 0.24) between the groups...
Full Text Available Total restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (RP/IPAA has become the standard of care for the surgical treatment of ulcerative colitis. Despite its correlation with an excellent quality of life and favorable long-term outcomes, RP/IPAA has been associated with several complications. Prolapse of the ileoanal pouch is a rare and debilitating complication that should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pouch failure. Limited data exist regarding the prevalence and treatment of pouch prolapse. We present the case of a recurrent J-pouch prolapse treated with a novel minimally invasive “salvage” approach involving a robotic-assisted laparoscopic rectopexy with mesh.
Østby-Deglum, Marie; Axcrona, K; Brennhovd, B.
Objectives To study the ability to reach orgasm after robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) in relation to demographic, cancer-related, and surgical variables, and the use of erectile aids. Methods In this cross-sectional study at a mean of 3 years after RALP at Oslo University Hospital......, 982 men were invited to complete a mailed questionnaire, and 777 responded. Respondents who reported postoperative radiotherapy or hormone treatment, or did not report on orgasm were omitted, leaving 609 patients for analysis. Ability to reach orgasm was rated on 1 question from The Expanded Prostate...... Cancer Index Composite 26-item version, and dichotomized into "good" or "poor." Results Overall, 27% of the men reported good ability to reach orgasm: 22% among those did not use erectile aids and 34% among those did (P =.001). Univariate analysis of men with good versus poor ability to reach orgasm...
Laterza, Rosa Maria; Uccella, Stefano; Casarin, Jvan; Morosi, Chiara; Serati, Maurizio; Koelbl, Heinz; Ghezzi, Fabio
The aim of the study was to compare site and time to recurrence in patients affected by early stage cervical cancer (CC) treated with laparoscopy radical hysterectomy (LRH) versus abdominal radical hysterectomy (ARH). This retrospective study was conducted in a university teaching, tertiary referral center hospital. We included patients undergoing either LRH or open ARH to treat CC. One hundred fifty patients were included, 82 submitted to LRH and 68 submitted to ARH. Baseline characteristics of the 2 groups were comparable, except for body mass index higher in ARH group. Patients undergoing LRH experienced less blood loss (100 vs 400 mL, P < 0.0001), less lymph nodes removed (20 vs 31, P = 0.001), and shorter recovery (4 vs 8 days, P = 0.0005) in comparison with the ARH group. No significant differences were found regarding recurrence rate (9 vs 13, P = 0.17) and time to recurrence (8 vs 17 months, P = 0.066) between LRH and ARH group.Sites of recurrence were also comparable between the 2 groups: 2/9 versus 2/13 (P = 1) local recurrence, 4/9 versus 8/13 (P = 0.66) pelvic recurrence, 4/9 versus 7/13 (P = 1) distant recurrence in LRH and ARH groups, respectively. The most frequent sites of recurrence were pelvic and distant (44.4%) in LRH group and pelvic (61.5%) in ARH group. Our data demonstrate that early stage CC can be treated with LRH with similar recurrence rates and patterns in comparison with ARH, reassuring its continuing clinical use.
Moradi Dalvand, Mohsen; Shirinzadeh, Bijan; Shamdani, Amir Hossein; Smith, Julian; Zhong, Yongmin
Robotic-assisted minimally invasive surgery systems not only have the advantages of traditional laparoscopic instruments but also have other important advantages, including restoring the surgeon's hand-eye coordination and improving the surgeon's precision by filtering hand tremors. Unfortunately, these benefits have come at the expense of the surgeon's ability to feel. Various solutions for restoring this feature have been proposed. An actuated modular force feedback-enabled laparoscopic instrument was proposed that is able to measure tip-tissue lateral interaction forces as well as normal grasping forces. The instrument has also the capability to adjust the grasping direction inside the patient body. In order to measure the interaction forces, strain gauges were employed. A series of finite element analyses were performed to gain an understanding of the actual magnitude of surface strains where gauges are applied. The strain gauge bridge configurations were calibrated. A series of experiments was conducted and the results were analysed. The modularity feature of the proposed instrument makes it interchangeable between various tip types of different functionalities (e.g. cutter, grasper, dissector). Calibration results of the strain gauges incorporated into the tube and at the base of the instrument presented the monotonic responses for these strain gauge configurations. Experimental results from tissue probing and tissue characterization experiments verified the capability of the proposed instrument in measuring lateral probing forces and characterizing artificial tissue samples of varying stiffness. The proposed instrument can improve the quality of palpation and characterization of soft tissues of varying stiffness by restoring sense of touch in robotic assisted minimally invasive surgery operations. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Full Text Available Iyara Wongpia, Jadsada Thinkhamrop, Kanok Seejorn, Pranom Buppasiri, Sanguanchoke Luanratanakorn, Teerayut Temtanakitpaisan, Kovit Khampitak Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of and risk factors for postoperative febrile morbidity after laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH. Methods: This retrospective study was carried out using the medical records of women with benign gynecologic conditions who underwent LAVH between June 2007 and May 2012 at Srinagarind Hospital in Thailand. Data were collected to assess baseline patient characteristics, occurrence of body temperature ≥38°C on two occasions at least 6 hours apart in the 24 hours following the surgical procedure, and possible risk factors related to postoperative febrile morbidity. Results: In total, 199 women underwent LAVH during the study period. They had a mean age of 46±6 years, a mean body mass index of 24.0±3.2 kg/m2, a mean surgical duration of 134±52 minutes, median estimated blood loss of 200 mL, a mean total hospital stay of 5±2 days, and a mean postoperative hospital stay of 3±2 days. Postoperative febrile morbidity was documented in 31 cases (15.6%. The cause of postoperative fever was unknown in most cases, with only two cases having an identifiable cause. The risk of postoperative febrile morbidity was highest in women treated with more than two antibacterial agents and with a regimen of more than 3 days. Conclusion: This study shows a moderately high rate of febrile morbidity after LAVH, for which the main risk factors were use of multiple drugs and doses for antibiotic prophylaxis. Keywords: laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy, febrile morbidity, incidence, risk factors
Mahmoud, Mohamad S; Nezhat, Farr R
To describe our technique for the repair of a cesarean section uterine scar defect after removal of an ectopic pregnancy from the scar in a patient desiring future pregnancies. Step-by-step explanation of the procedure using video (Canadian Task Force classification III). Uterine scar dehiscence/defect is a known complications of multiple cesarean deliveries that can result in abnormal bleeding, infertility, and cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy. With the increasing number of cesarean sections performed in the United States, the prevalence of this complication is rising. Nonetheless, there currently are no standardized surgical treatment guidelines available to manage this pathology through a minimally invasive approach. In this video, we describe our technique for the surgical management of a symptomatic cesarean section scar defect. We performed a robotic-assisted laparoscopic repair of this defect in a 40-year-old G4P3013 with a recent cesarean section scar ectopic pregnancy managed by endometrial curettage, with subsequent persistent abnormal vaginal bleeding. A repeat ultrasound revealed a low uterine segment defect consistent with dehiscence. She was referred to us because she desired a conservative treatment given her desire for future pregnancies. The defect was localized by hysteroscopy and laparoscopy after developing the bladder flap. The scar tissue around the defect was resected, and the freshened edges of the defect were closed using delayed absorbable suture. Chromopertubation confirmed the watertightness of the repair. Postoperatively, the patient had regular normal periods, and her hysterosalpingogram didn't show any uterine defect. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic repair of cesarean section scar defect is a feasible and safe procedure when done with respect to anatomy and following sound surgical technique. With the increasing number of cesarean sections, gynecologists will be dealing with this pathology more frequently, and need to become more
Full Text Available Aim: Laparoscopic appendectomy has been performed in increasing numbers since it was first described in 1980. Nowadays, it is being performed by using the three-, two- and single-port methods. We performed two-port hand-assisted laparoscopic appendectomies and reported our prospective results. Methods: Forty consecutive patients (27 males and 13 females with acute appendicitis according to physical examination and ultrasonography findings were operated on with two-port hand-assisted laparoscopic appendectomy by the same surgeon between 2011 and 2015. Five-mm (subumbilical trocar for endoscopy and 10-mm (McBurney trocar were used to perform appendectomy. The appendix was taken out through the lumen of the 10-mm trocar and ligated extracorporeally and appendectomy was completed extracorporeally. If necessary, another 5-mm trocar was also placed at the left lower quadrant in difficult cases and appendectomy was completed in the same way as described. Results: The mean duration of the surgical procedure was 23.175 minutes and the mean duration of the whole operation was 41.3 minutes. All the patients except for one were discharged on the first postoperative day. A third port was necessary in 8 (8/40 cases. The mean hospitalization time was 1.075 days. Conclusion: The two-port hand-assisted laparoscopic technique combines both the advantages of open and laparoscopic surgeries, providing a shorter operation time and hospital stay. In difficult cases, one should not hesitate to insert a third 5-mm port and complete the assisted appendectomy.
Mangano, Mario S; De Gobbi, Alberto; Beniamin, Francesco; Lamon, Claudio; Ciaccia, Matteo; Maccatrozzo, Luigino
Indocyanine green (ICG) is a fluorescent molecule that provokes detectable photon emission. The use of ICG with near-infrared (NIR) imaging system (Akorn, Lake Forest, IL) has been described during robotic partial nephrectomy (RAPN) as an adjunctive means of identifying renal artery and parenchymal perfusion.We propose the use of the ICG with NIR fluorescence during laparoscopic robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP), to identify the benchmark artery improving the preservation of neurovascular bundle and to improve the visualization of the vascularization and then the hemostasis. From April 2015 to February 2016, 62 patients underwent to RARP in our Urology Unit. In 26 consecutive patients, in the attempt to have a better visualization of neurovascular bundles, we used to inject ICG during the procedure. We evaluated the percentage of identification of neurovascular bundles using NIR fluorescence. Then, we evaluated complications related to injection of ICG and operative time differences between RARP with and without ICG injection performed by the same surgeons. We identified prostatic arteries and neurovascular bundles using NIR fluorescence technology in all patients (100%). There was not any increase in the operative time compared with RARP without ICG injection performed by the same surgeons. Complications related to injection of ICG did not occurred. In our experience, even if on a limited number of patients, the application of ICG with NIR fluorescence during RARP is helpful to identify the benchmark artery of neurovascular bundle.
Prabhakar, Amit; Donnenfeld, Brian L; Kaye, Alan David; Feltmate, Colleen M; Urman, Richard D
Robotic-assisted surgery has increased in popularity in recent years. Benefits have been observed for both the patient and hospital system as the technology shifts surgery from the open to the laparoscopic arena. Some of the advantages of robotic-assisted surgery include increased patient satisfaction along with shorter hospital stays, decreased risk of infection, and improved postsurgical cosmetic outcomes. We developed an evidence-based protocol for the anesthetic management of the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative phases of patient care based on the review of primary literature and consensus from surgeons and anesthesiologists at our institution. Robotic-assisted surgery creates a unique set of anesthetic considerations to ensure patient safety. Anesthetic considerations include the physiological changes associated with steep Trendelenburg patient positioning, pneumoperitoneum, fluid management, management of pressure points, and spatial restrictions imposed by the robot relative to the conventional anesthetic area. A perioperative protocol can help ensure optimal clinical care, patient safety, and better patient and provider satisfaction with the utilization of robotic surgery.
Traumann, M; Kluth, L A; Schmid, M; Meyer, C; Schwaiger, B; Rosenbaum, C; Schriefer, P; Fisch, M; Dahlem, R; Seiler, D; Ahyai, S; Haese, A; Chun, F K-H
With the development of the robot-assisted surgical technique, robot-assisted pyeloplasty (RAP) has become established as an alternative to open and laparoscopic surgery. Currently there are only a few single-center studies with larger numbers of cases and long-term results. The aim of this study was to investigate perioperative and long-term postoperative success rates of Anderson-Hynes robot-assisted pyeloplasty (RAP) at a single center. We retrospectively reviewed our RAP experience of 61 patients performed by two surgeons between 2004 and 2013 regarding operating time, length of hospital stay, perioperative complication, and success. Overall success was measured in terms of necessary redo pyeloplasty. We also identified patients with temporary stent placement due to symptomatic hydronephrosis or with further obstruction in diuretic renography. Median age, operating time, and follow-up were 33 years, 195 min, and 64 months, respectively. No conversion to open procedure was necessary. The success rate was 98% (n=60) with 1 patient undergoing open redo pyeloplasty due to a recurrent stenosis. Temporary stent placement was required in 3 patients due to pyelonephritis and dilatation. Satisfying long-term success rates including low complication rates of RAP were obtained in this study. RAP presents a safe and standardized procedure for symptomatic ureteropelvic junction obstruction.
Ali Serdar Gozen
Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the effects of bladder neck reconstruction techniques on early continence after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP. Materials and methods: This non-randomized retrospective study analyzed prospectively collected data concerning LRP. In total, 3107 patients underwent LRP between March 1999 and December 2016. Exclusion criteria were preoperative urinary incontinence, previous history of external beam radiotherapy, co-morbities which may affect urinary continence such as diabetes mellitus and/or neurogenic disorders, irregular followup, and follow-up shorter than 24 months. All patients were divided into one of three groups, posterior reconstruction being performed in Group 1 (n = 112, anterior reconstruction in Group 2 (n = 762, and bladder neck sparing (BNS in Group 3 (n = 987. Demographic and pre-, peri-, and postoperative data were collected. Multivariate analyses were performed to determine factors affecting early continence after LRP. Results: 1861 patients were enrolled in the study. The mean follow-up period was 48.12 ± 29.8 months, and subjects’ mean age was 63.6 ± 6.2 years. There was no significant difference among the groups in terms of demographic or preoperative data. Postoperative data, including oncological outcomes, were similar among the groups. The level of early continence was higher in Group 3 than in the other groups (p < 0.001. Multivariate analyses identified BNS and age as parameters significantly affecting early continence levels after LRP (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively. Bladder neck reconstruction provided less earlier continence than BNS.
Abo, C; Roman, H; Bridoux, V; Huet, E; Tuech, J-J; Resch, B; Stochino, E; Marpeau, L; Darwish, B
To assess the feasibility of deep endometriosis surgery using robotic assistance, benefits and limits of this approach. Case-series study enrolling patients managed for deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) using robotic assistance in our department between September 2011 and March 2014 (NCT02294825). Self-questionnaires including pain and digestive symptoms were filled in preoperatively and 1 year after surgery. Thirty-five patients were enrolled in the series. They represented 54% of patients managed for gynecological disease by laparoscopic route with robotic assistance during the study period, and 14% of patients managed for deep endometriosis in our department. Follow-up averaged 24±8 months, and no patient was lost to follow-up. Thirty-two patients had rectal involvement: rectal shaving was performed in 25 patients, disc excision in 3 and colorectal resection in 4. Three patients had bladder resection. Thirteen patients presented with deep endometriosis of the ureters: ureterolysis was performed in 11 of them, and resection of the ureter followed by reimplantation into the bladder in 2 patients. One major complication (Clavien IIIb) was recorded in a patient presenting with necrosis of the right ureter on postoperative day 5. Nine patients tried to conceive after surgery and 8 have already become pregnant (88.9%). One year after surgery, self-questionnaires revealed a significant decrease in pain symptoms and significant improvement in several item values of gastrointestinal standardized questionnaires. Surgical management of DIE is feasible using robotic assistance. However, data available in the literature and our own experience do not definitively support the hypothesis of the superiority of robotic assistance in the management of DIE. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Collins, Justin W; Patel, Hiten; Adding, Christofer; Annerstedt, Magnus; Dasgupta, Prokar; Khan, Shamim M; Artibani, Walter; Gaston, Richard; Piechaud, Thierry; Catto, James W; Koupparis, Anthony; Rowe, Edward; Perry, Matthew; Issa, Rami; McGrath, John; Kelly, John; Schumacher, Martin; Wijburg, Carl; Canda, Abdullah E; Balbay, Meviana D; Decaestecker, Karel; Schwentner, Christian; Stenzl, Arnulf; Edeling, Sebastian; Pokupić, Sasa; Stockle, Michael; Siemer, Stefan; Sanchez-Salas, Rafael; Cathelineau, Xavier; Weston, Robin; Johnson, Mark; D'Hondt, Fredrik; Mottrie, Alexander; Hosseini, Abolfazl; Wiklund, Peter N
Radical cystectomy (RC) is associated with frequent morbidity and prolonged length of stay (LOS) irrespective of surgical approach. Increasing evidence from colorectal surgery indicates that minimally invasive surgery and enhanced recovery programmes (ERPs) can reduce surgical morbidity and LOS. ERPs are now recognised as an important component of surgical management for RC. However, there is comparatively little evidence for ERPs after robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC). Due to the multimodal nature of ERPs, they are not easily validated through randomised controlled trials. To provide a European Association of Urology (EAU) Robotic Urology Section (ERUS) policy on ERPs to guide standardised perioperative management of RARC patients. The guidance was formulated in four phases: (1) systematic literature review of evidence for ERPs in robotic, laparoscopic, and open RC; (2) an online questionnaire survey formulated and sent to ERUS Scientific Working Group members; (3) achievement of consensus from an expert panel using the Delphi process; and (4) a standardised reporting template to audit compliance and outcome designed and approved by the committee. Consensus was reached in multiple areas of an ERP for RARC. The key principles include patient education, optimisation of nutrition, RARC approach, standardised anaesthetic, analgesic, and antiemetic regimens, and early mobilisation. This consensus represents the views of an expert panel established to advise ERUS on ERPs for RARC. The ERUS Scientific Working Group recognises the role of ERPs and endorses them as standardised perioperative care for patients undergoing RARC. ERPs in robotic surgery will continue to evolve with technological and pharmaceutical advances and increasing understanding of the role of surgery-specific ERPs. There is currently a lack of high-level evidence exploring the benefits of enhanced recovery programmes (ERPs) in patients undergoing robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC). We
Ali Abdel Raheem
Full Text Available We present a 61-year-old man who was diagnosed with synchronous prostate cancer and suspicious renal cell carcinoma of the right kidney, treated with combined Retzius-sparing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RS-RARP and robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN. The combined approach using RS-RARP and RAPN is technically feasible and safe surgical option for treatment of concomitant prostate cancer and suspicious renal cell carcinoma.
Comparing renal function preservation after laparoscopic radio frequency ablation assisted tumor enucleation and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for clinical T1a renal tumor: using a 3D parenchyma measurement system.
Zhu, Liangsong; Wu, Guangyu; Huang, Jiwei; Wang, Jianfeng; Zhang, Ruiyun; Kong, Wen; Xue, Wei; Huang, Yiran; Chen, Yonghui; Zhang, Jin
To compare the renal function preservation between laparoscopic radio frequency ablation assisted tumor enucleation and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Data were analyzed from 246 patients who underwent laparoscopic radio frequency ablation assisted tumor enucleation and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for solitary cT1a renal cell carcinoma from January 2013 to July 2015. To reduce the intergroup difference, we used a 1:1 propensity matching analysis. The functional renal parenchyma volume preservation were measured preoperative and 12 months after surgery. The total renal function recovery and spilt GFR was compared. Multivariable logistic analysis was used for predictive factors for renal function decline. After 1:1 propensity matching, each group including 100 patients. Patients in the laparoscopic radio frequency ablation assisted tumor enucleation had a smaller decrease in estimate glomerular filtration rate at 1 day (-7.88 vs -20.01%, p radio frequency ablation assisted tumor enucleation technology has unique advantage and potential in preserving renal parenchyma without ischemia damage compared to conventional laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, and had a better outcome, thus we recommend this technique in selected T1a patients.
Watanabe, Toyohiko; Inoue, Miyabi; Ishii, Ayano; Yamato, Toyoko; Yamamoto, Masumi; Sasaki, Katsumi; Kobayashi, Yasuyuki; Araki, Motoo; Uehara, Shinya; Saika, Takashi; Kumon, Hiromi
.... From June 2007 through March 2010, sixteen consecutive patients with symptomatic stage 2 or 3 pelvic organ prolapse underwent the laparoscopic-assisted tension-free vaginal mesh procedure at Okayama University Hospital...
Hayashi, Yutaro; Mizuno, Kentaro; Kurokawa, Satoshi; Nakane, Akihiro; Kamisawa, Hideyuki; Nishio, Hidenori; Moritoki, Yoshinobu; Tozawa, Keiichi; Kohri, Kenjiro; Kojima, Yoshiyuki
To report our initial experience with robot-assisted laparoscopic extravesical ureteral reimplantation using the ureteral advancement technique. A total of 15 ureters from nine patients (age range 2-25 years) underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic extravesical ureteral reimplantation for the management of vesicoureteral reflux. The reflux was classified as grade I in one ureter, grade II in two ureters, grade III in seven ureters, grade IV in three ureters and grade V in two ureters. One of the five female patients had a bilateral duplex system, and reflux was observed in all four ureters. The da Vinci surgical system was utilized. Ureteral advancement was carried out in all cases. We also compared the operative outcomes between conventional laparoscopic procedure and robotic surgery. The console time was 211.5 ± 87.4 min (median ± standard deviation) in the bilateral cases and 144.0 ± 40.8 min in the unilateral cases. Urethral catheters were removed at one or two postoperative days. None of the patients suffered postoperative complications, such as urine leakage or urinary retention. Postoperative voiding cystourethrography showed that the reflux had been resolved in 14 of the 15 ureters (success rate 93.3%). In the remaining case, the reflux grade decreased from III to I. The operative outcomes of robotic surgery were favorable and safe compared with conventional laparoscopic procedure. Our preliminary results showed that robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery is a feasible and useful approach to extravesical ureteral reimplantation, even for patients with bilateral reflux. © 2014 The Japanese Urological Association.
Berg, Kasper Drimer; Thomsen, Frederik Birkebæk; Hvarness, Helle
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe recovery of urinary continence and potency and report oncological and functional outcomes using the survival, continence and potency (SCP) system for patients undergoing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 2009...
Matsumoto, Kazuhiro; Miyajima, Akira; Fukumoto, Keishiro; Komatsuda, Akari; Niwa, Naoya; Hattori, Seiya; Takeda, Toshikazu; Kikuchi, Eiji; Asanuma, Hiroshi; Oya, Mototsugu
It is considered that laparoscopic single-site surgery should be performed by specially trained surgeons because of the technical difficulty in using special instruments through limited access. We investigated suitable patients for single-port laparoscopic radical nephrectomy, focusing on the anatomy and distribution of the renal artery and vein. This retrospective study was conducted in 52 consecutive patients who underwent single-port radical nephrectomy by the transperitoneal approach. In patients undergoing right nephrectomy, a 2-mm port was added for liver retraction. We retrospectively re-evaluated all of the recorded surgical videos and preoperative computed tomography images. The pneumoperitoneum time (PT) was used as an objective index of surgical difficulty. The PT was significantly shorter for right nephrectomy than left nephrectomy (94 vs. 123 min, P = 0.004). With left nephrectomy, dissection of the spleno-renal ligament to mobilize the spleen medially required additional time. Also, the left renal vein could only be divided after securing the adrenal, gonadal and lumbar veins. In patients whose renal artery was located cranial to the renal vein, PT tended to be longer than in the other patients (131 vs. 108 min, P = 0.070). In patients with a superior renal artery, the inferior renal vein invariably covered the artery and made it difficult to ligate the renal artery via the umbilical approach at the first procedure. These findings indicate that patients undergoing right nephrectomy in whom the renal artery is not located cranial to the renal vein are suitable for single-port laparoscopic radical nephrectomy.
Yang, Rong; Cao, Kai; Han, Tao; Zhang, Yi-Feng; Zhang, Gu-Tian; Xu, Lin-Feng; Lian, Hui-Bo; Li, Xiao-Gong; Guo, Hong-Qian
This study was designed to define possible preoperative predictors of positive surgical margin after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. We retrospectively analyzed the records of 296 patients with prostate cancer diagnosed by prostate biopsy, and eventually treated with laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. The prognostic impact of age, prostate volume, preoperative prostate-specific antigen, biopsy Gleason score, maximum percentage tumor per core, number of positive cores, biopsy perineural invasion, capsule invasion on imaging, and tumor laterality on surgical margin was assessed. The overall positive surgical margin rate was 29.1%. Gleason score, number of positive cores, perineural invasion, tumor laterality in the biopsy specimen, and prostate volume significantly correlated with risk of positive surgical margin by univariate analysis (P Gleason score (odds ratio [OR] = 2.286, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 1.431-3.653, P = 0.001), perineural invasion (OR = 4.961, 95% CI = 2.656-9.270, P Gleason scores and/or a large number of positive cores in biopsy pathology had more possibility of capsule invasion. The positive surgical margin rate in patients with capsule invasion (49.5%) was much higher than that with localized disease (17.8%). In contrast, prostate volume showed a protective effect against positive surgical margin (OR = 0.572, 95% CI = 0.346-0.945, P = 0.029). Gleason score, perineural invasion, and number of positive cores in the biopsy specimen were preoperative independent predictors of positive surgical margin after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy while prostate volume was a protective factor against positive surgical margin.
Watanabe, Toyohiko; Inoue, Miyabi; Ishii, Ayano; Yamato, Toyoko; Yamamoto, Masumi; Sasaki, Katsumi; Kobayashi, Yasuyuki; Araki, Motoo; Uehara, Shinya; Saika, Takashi; Kumon, Hiromi
Polypropylene mesh implants for the correction of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) are now available in Japan. We developed an innovative approach for correcting POP by placing polypropylene mesh transvaginally with laparoscopic assistance. From June 2007 through March 2010, sixteen consecutive patients with symptomatic stage 2 or 3 pelvic organ prolapse underwent the laparoscopic-assisted tension-free vaginal mesh procedure at Okayama University Hospital. All patients were evaluated before and at...
Daiko, Hiroyuki; Fujita, Takeo
Thoracolaparoscopic esophagectomy (TLE) is a type of minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) for esophageal cancer which consists of thoracoscopic resection and laparoscopic reconstruction. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the technical and oncological feasibility of alimentary tract reconstruction with laparoscopically assisted gastric pull-up (LAG) following thoracoscopic esophagectomy in the prone position (TSEP) in comparison with reconstruction with open laparotomy gastric pull-up (OLG) following TSEP, to establish TLE with extended lymph node dissection as a standard operation for esophageal cancer. Sixty-four patients with esophageal cancer underwent TSEP with 3-field lymphadenectomy from 2008 through 2010: for reconstruction after TSEP, 31 patients underwent LAG, and 33 patients underwent OLG. We retrospectively evaluated the technical and oncological feasibility of TLE with 3-field lymphadenectomy and compared surgical outcomes after reconstruction with OLG and that with LAG. TLE with 3-field lymphadenectomy was successfully completed in 30 of 31 (97%) patients, and no surgery-related postoperative deaths occurred. No significant difference was found between LAG and OLG in the mean number of dissected abdominal lymph nodes, amount of blood loss, incidence of postoperative complications, mean postoperative hospital stay, restoration rate of respiratory function, or rate of complete resection or locoregional control, but the mean duration of abdominal procedures was significantly longer with LAG than with OLG. This study demonstrates that the quality and safety of surgery and the oncological effectiveness of LAG for esophageal cancer. TLE consisting of LAG following TSEP with extended lymph-node dissection is a feasible surgical technique for thoracic esophageal carcinoma. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
Becher-Deichsel, Anja; Aurich, Jörg E; Schrammel, Nadine; Dupré, Gilles
The objective of the study was to describe the feasibility of a glove port technique for laparoscopic-assisted surgical treatment of canine pyometra. In this retrospective case series, a total of 10 female dogs (median age 7 years, range 5.5-10.5 years; median weight 37.0 kg, range 12.9-64.0 kg) with pyometra were included. A multiaccess port was created from a surgical glove attached to an Alexis wound retractor and placed in the ventral midline between the middle and caudal third of the distance between umbilicus and pubic rim. A vessel sealing device was used for transection of the ovarian pedicle. The port size was selected on the basis of maximum uterine diameter determined by ultrasound. Median incision length was 5.0 cm (range 3.1-7.7 cm) for a maximum uterine diameter of 4.0 cm (range 2.0-7.0 cm). Median surgical time was 57 minutes (range 48-65 minutes). No case had to be converted to open celiotomy. Complications included one case of minor, self-limiting splenic trauma by the endoscope. In eight dogs, the distended uterine horns endangered safe access to the ovarian pedicle, and the vessel sealing device was inserted through a second cannula placed periumbilically. Extension of the original incision was necessary to exteriorize organs in two dogs. All dogs recovered quickly and were discharged either on the day of surgery or 1 day thereafter. In conclusion, a surgical glove port technique in combination with an Alexis wound retractor is feasible for surgical laparoscopic treatment of canine pyometra up to a diameter of 7 cm. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Hernandez-Martin, Sara; Ayuso, Lidia; Molina, Ada Yessenia; Pison, Javier; Martinez-Bermejo, Miguel Angel; Perez-Martinez, Alberto
Transumbilical laparoscopic-assisted appendectomy (TULAA) is the technique of choice for all types of appendicitis in our Department. It combines the advantages of laparoscopy (global vision and minimally invasion) and open surgery (lower cost). The objective was to assess the results of our TULAA series and compare them to the results of standard laparoscopic appendectomies (SLA) performed during the same period. Retrospective review of total appendectomies performed since TULAA introduction (September 2003 to December 2015) with statistic analysis of the results. A total of 1309 patients underwent TULAA approach, but 126 (9.6%) needed reconversion to open appendectomy, 1 (0.08%) to SLA, and 9 (0.7%) introduction of a second port. Mean age and weight of patients was 121.5 ± 36 months and 37.6 ± 14 kg, respectively. Mean operative time was 40.9 ± 15.5 min, ranging from 11 to 110. All types of appendicitis were present, with 394 being complicated (29.9%). Postoperative complications were seen in 168 patients (14.3%), 37 being readmitted (3.2%), and only five needing reintervention (Two intestinal occlusions and three abscess debridement). When comparing TULAA and SLA, there were no significant differences in the length of hospitalization, time to tolerate soft diet, analgesic requirements, and complications depending on the type of appendicitis, but TULAA was significantly faster and cheaper (average 900€). In our hands, TULAA has shown to be effective, easy to learn, and fast to perform. Low surgical cost is probably its principal advantage, which might be encouraging in times of crisis.
Billings, Seth; Deshmukh, Nishikant; Kang, Hyun Jae; Taylor, Russell; Boctor, Emad M.
Surgical robots provide many advantages for surgery, including minimal invasiveness, precise motion, high dexterity, and crisp stereovision. One limitation of current robotic procedures, compared to open surgery, is the loss of haptic information for such purposes as palpation, which can be very important in minimally invasive tumor resection. Numerous studies have reported the use of real-time ultrasound elastography, in conjunction with conventional B-mode ultrasound, to differentiate malignant from benign lesions. Several groups (including our own) have reported integration of ultrasound with the da Vinci robot, and ultrasound elastography is a very promising image guidance method for robotassisted procedures that will further enable the role of robots in interventions where precise knowledge of sub-surface anatomical features is crucial. We present a novel robot-assisted real-time ultrasound elastography system for minimally invasive robot-assisted interventions. Our system combines a da Vinci surgical robot with a non-clinical experimental software interface, a robotically articulated laparoscopic ultrasound probe, and our GPU-based elastography system. Elasticity and B-mode ultrasound images are displayed as picture-in-picture overlays in the da Vinci console. Our system minimizes dependence on human performance factors by incorporating computer-assisted motion control that automatically generates the tissue palpation required for elastography imaging, while leaving high-level control in the hands of the user. In addition to ensuring consistent strain imaging, the elastography assistance mode avoids the cognitive burden of tedious manual palpation. Preliminary tests of the system with an elasticity phantom demonstrate the ability to differentiate simulated lesions of varied stiffness and to clearly delineate lesion boundaries.
Ishibashi, Hiroki; Mori, Hiroki; Yada, Keigo; Shimada, Mitsuo; Sogami, Tomoko; Nii, Akira
The ideal method for varicocelectomy in children remains controversial. We present our experience with dye-assisted lymphatic-sparing laparoscopic varicocelectomy (LSLV) in children, which overcomes the limitations of previously described techniques. Five consecutive LSLVs were performed over a period of three years on children with a mean age of twelve years. The varicocele grade was three in one case and grade 2 in four cases, respectively. A left subdartos injection of 2 ml of Indigo carmine dye was done using a 25-gauge needle at ten minutes before an operation. A scrotal injection of lymphatic dye was utilized to spare at least one lymphatic and the remaining spermatic vessels were divided. Lymphatic-sparing was accomplished in all cases. No peri-operative complication was noted. We spared one lymphatic channel in one patient (20%) and two channels in four patients (80%). There were no cases of hydrocele or residual varicocele. Dye-assisted LSLV is easily accomplished with an excellent surgical outcome and sparing one or two lymphatics appears to be sufficient to avoid secondary hydrocele.
Sotelo, René; Nunez Bragayrac, Luciano A; Machuca, Victor; Garza Cortes, Roberto; Azhar, Raed A
There has been an increase in the number of urologic procedures performed robotically assisted; this is the case for radical prostatectomy. Currently, in the USA, 67% of prostatectomies are performed robotically assisted. With this increase in robotic urologic surgery it is clear that there are more surgeons in their learning curve, where most of the complications occur. Among the complications that can occur are vascular injuries. These can occur in the initial stages of surgery, such as in accessing the abdominal cavity, as well as in the intraoperative or postoperative setting. We present the most common vascular injuries in robot-assisted radical prostatectomy, as well as their management and prevention. We believe that it is of vital importance to be able to recognize these injuries so that they can be prevented.
Morelli, Luca; Tartaglia, Dario; Bronzoni, Jessica; Palmeri, Matteo; Guadagni, Simone; Di Franco, Gregorio; Gennai, Andrea; Bianchini, Matteo; Bastiani, Luca; Moglia, Andrea; Ferrari, Vincenzo; Fommei, Enza; Pietrabissa, Andrea; Di Candio, Giulio; Mosca, Franco
The role of the da Vinci Robotic System ® in adrenal gland surgery is not yet well defined. The goal of this study was to compare robotic-assisted surgery with pure laparoscopic surgery in a single center. One hundred and 16 patients underwent minimally invasive adrenalectomies in our department between June 1994 and December 2014, 41 of whom were treated with a robotic-assisted approach (robotic adrenalectomy, RA). Patients who underwent RA were matched according to BMI, age, gender, and nodule dimensions, and compared with 41 patients who had undergone laparoscopic adrenalectomies (LA). Statistical analysis was performed using the Student's t test for independent samples, and the relationship between the operative time and other covariates were evaluated with a multivariable linear regression model. P surgery (p surgery.
Full Text Available Salvage radical prostatectomy is one of treatments after radiation therapy to patients with prostate cancer. To date, no case of the salvage robotic assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP following heavy ion radiotherapy (HIRT has been published. We report on a 70-year-old man with a history of HIRT for prostate cancer in 2011. For 3 years after. HIRT, his serum PSA levels were permissible range. However, his PSA levels were increased. We had diagnosis localized prostate cancer after HIRT. We had carried out salvage RARP. Until 10 months after salvage RARP, his PSA level was not detectable.
Qin, Chenglu; Luo, Guangnan; Du, Min; Liao, Shi; Wang, Chunping; Xu, Keke; Tang, Jie; Li, Baoyan; Zhang, Juanjuan; Pan, Hongxin; Ball, Tyler W; Fang, Yujiang
To evaluate the outcomes of laparoscope-assisted peritoneal vaginoplasty for the treatment of congenital vaginal atresia. A retrospective study enrolled patients diagnosed with congenital vaginal atresia who were treated with one of two different laparoscope-assisted peritoneal vaginoplasty techniques (named Luohu-one and Luohu-two) between October 31, 2001 and December 31, 2014. Operative time, intraoperative bleeding volume, surgical difficulty, complications, and post-procedure sexual satisfaction were reported. Data were collected for 620 patients. The Luohu-one procedure was used in the treatment of 145 patients, while 475 patients were treated with the Luohu-two procedure. In 5 (0.8%) patients, it was necessary to perform a sigmoid colon vaginoplasty. During surgery, 16 patients experienced a rectal injury, among whom, 9 patients experienced a rectal-vaginal fistula. Follow-up data extending to 7years were available for 285 patients. Of these 285 patients, 231 agreed to report details of their sexual experiences. In total, 222 (96.1%) patients reported being very satisfied with their vaginal conditions and sex life. The Luohu-two procedure demonstrated shorter operative and recovery time, and reduced intraoperative bleeding. However, both procedures demonstrated satisfactory results. Laparoscope-assisted peritoneal vaginoplasty demonstrated good safety and effectiveness in the treatment of patients with congenital vaginal atresia. Copyright © 2016 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Bosschieter, Judith; Vis, André N; van der Poel, Henk G; Moonen, Luc M; Horenblas, Simon; van Rhijn, Bas W G; Pieters, Bradley R; Nieuwenhuijzen, Jakko A; Hendricksen, Kees
Robot-assisted laparoscopic (RAL) implantation of brachytherapy catheters (BTCs) can be a minimally invasive alternative to open retropubic implantation. Descriptions of the surgical technique and outcomes are sparse. To describe our technique and perioperative outcomes for RAL BTC implantation in urothelial carcinoma (UC) and urachal carcinoma (UraC). Between June 2011 and May 2016, 26 patients with cN0M0 solitary T1G3 or T2G1-3 UC of ≤5cm or cN0M0 UraC were scheduled for external beam radiotherapy (20×2Gy), RAL BTC implantation, and pulsed-dose (29×1.04Gy) or high-dose rate brachytherapy (10×2.50Gy). Median follow-up was 12 mo (interquartile range 4-20). RAL BTC implantation with or without pelvic lymph node dissection and/or partial cystectomy. Perioperative data, complications, disease-free-survival (DFS), local recurrence-free survival (LRFS), and cystectomy-free survival (CFS) were evaluated as well as the feasibility of the technique. BTC implantation was successful in 92% of the patients. Median hospitalisation was 5 d (interquartile range 4-7) and blood loss 50ml in all cases. DFS was 74% at 1 yr and 63% at 2 yr. LRFS was 80% at 1 and 2 yr, and CFS was 87% at 1 and 2 yr. Early (≤30 d) high-grade complications (Clavien-Dindo ≥3) occurred in 8% of the patients. The study is limited by the small sample size and short follow-up time. RAL BTC implantation is technically feasible and could serve as safe, minimally invasive alternative to open surgery in selected patients. The results of this study should be confirmed in larger studies. Brachytherapy catheter (BTC) implantation is traditionally carried out via open retropubic surgery. We describe robot-assisted laparoscopic BTC implantation as a minimally invasive alternative. Perioperative outcomes are described and confirm the safety and feasibility of this procedure. Copyright © 2017 European Association of Urology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Sang Hoon Song
Full Text Available To compare the outcomes of open pyeloplasty (OP, laparoscopy-assisted extracorporeal (LEXP, and robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty (RALP for ureteropelvic junction obstruction in pediatric patients.We retrospectively reviewed the age-matched cohort of 30 children who underwent OP, 30 who underwent LEXP, and 10 who underwent RALP at a single institution, from 1996 to 2014. Pre- and post-operative variables including success rate were compared among surgical groups.The mean age of the patients was 120.2 months, the Society for Fetal Urology grade was 3.6, the anteroposterior diameter was 3.1 cm, and the renal relative function was 44.0%. The distribution of laterality, mean body mass index, and preoperative anteroposterior pelvic diameter on ultrasound did not differ among groups. The mean length of hospital stay was significantly shorter in the RALP group (3.2 days than in the OP (6.6 days and LEXP (5.8 days groups (p<0.001. The duration of analgesics use was shorter in the RALP group (1.1 days than in the other groups (p<0.001. During the mean follow-up period of 49.0, 20.1, and 16.6 months, the success rate was 96.7%, 89.7%, and 100% in the OP, LEXP, and RALP groups, respectively, although this difference was not statistically different (p = 0.499. In multivariate regression analysis, the presence of crossing vessels was the only factor that decreased the success rate (hazard ratio: 46.09, 95% confidence interval: 2.41-879.6, p = 0.011.Patients who undergo RALP have a reduced hospital stay and lower use of pain medication; however, there is no difference in the success rates for OP, LP, and RALP surgeries. The presence of crossing vessels is a negative prognostic indicator for surgical outcome regardless of the surgical method.
Whitney R. Halgrimson
Full Text Available There are two approaches to laparoscopic donor nephrectomy: standard laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN and hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (HALDN. In this study we report the operative statistics and donor complications associated with LDN and HALDN from large-center peer-reviewed publications. Methods. We conducted PubMed and Ovid searches to identify LDN and HALDN outcome studies that were published after 2004. Results. There were 37 peer-reviewed studies, each with more than 150 patients. Cumulatively, over 9000 patients were included in this study. LDN donors experienced a higher rate of intraoperative complications than HALDN donors (5.2% versus. 2.0%, <.001. Investigators did not report a significant difference in the rate of major postoperative complications between the two groups (LDN 0.5% versus HALDN 0.7%, =.111. However, conversion to open procedures from vascular injury was reported more frequently in LDN procedures (0.8% versus 0.4%, =.047. Conclusion. At present there is no evidence to support the use of one laparoscopic approach in preference to the other. There are trends in the data suggesting that intraoperative injuries are more common in LDN while minor postoperative complications are more common in HALDN.
D. Yu. Pushkar
Full Text Available Background. As a common disease, prostate cancer (PC has taken now first place among all malignancies in many countries of the world.The authors have analyzed the results of their series of robot-assisted radical laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP in patients with PC. They also present a number of surgical techniques that may be useful for novice surgeons. Materials and methods. In November 2008 to November 2009, the Department of Urology, Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, performed 80 RALPs using the da Vinci S surgical robotic system. The patients’ mean age was 63.7 (49–71 years; the mean blood level of total prostate-specific antigen was 6.1 (2.1–20.84 ng/ml; the mean prostate volume was 44 (18–94 cm3, as evidenced by transrectal ultrasound study. The authors analyzed the following indicators: operating time, degree of blood loss, conversion of surgical intervention,degrees of intra- and postoperative complications, and oncological and functional results. Results. In our series, RALP was performed without preserving neurovascular bundles or by using a nerve-sparing procedure in 66 (82.5% and 14 (17.5%, respectively; 22 (27.5% patients underwent lymphadenectomy. The average length of hospital stay was 7 (4–21 days; the mean time of urethral catheter removal was 10 (6–21 days postoperatively. The mean time of surgical intervention was 174 (121–276 min. Mean blood loss was 248 (35–1950 ml. Postmortem study revealed a positive surgical margin in 19 (24% cases and tumor invasion into the seminal vesicles in 5 (6% patients. Stages pT2 and pT3 were found in 56 (70% and 24 (30%, respectively; total Gleason scores were 6 (3+3, 7 (3+4, 7 (4+3, 8 (4+4 in 38 (47.5%, 35 (43.75%, 5 (6.25%, and 2 (2.5% patients, respectively. Among 34 patients examined 3 months after RALP, 28 (82.4% patients completely retained urine; 5 (14.7% applied not more than a pad a day. In patients with preserved erectile function, the
D. Yu. Pushkar
Full Text Available Background. As a common disease, prostate cancer (PC has taken now first place among all malignancies in many countries of the world.The authors have analyzed the results of their series of robot-assisted radical laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP in patients with PC. They also present a number of surgical techniques that may be useful for novice surgeons. Materials and methods. In November 2008 to November 2009, the Department of Urology, Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, performed 80 RALPs using the da Vinci S surgical robotic system. The patients’ mean age was 63.7 (49–71 years; the mean blood level of total prostate-specific antigen was 6.1 (2.1–20.84 ng/ml; the mean prostate volume was 44 (18–94 cm3, as evidenced by transrectal ultrasound study. The authors analyzed the following indicators: operating time, degree of blood loss, conversion of surgical intervention,degrees of intra- and postoperative complications, and oncological and functional results. Results. In our series, RALP was performed without preserving neurovascular bundles or by using a nerve-sparing procedure in 66 (82.5% and 14 (17.5%, respectively; 22 (27.5% patients underwent lymphadenectomy. The average length of hospital stay was 7 (4–21 days; the mean time of urethral catheter removal was 10 (6–21 days postoperatively. The mean time of surgical intervention was 174 (121–276 min. Mean blood loss was 248 (35–1950 ml. Postmortem study revealed a positive surgical margin in 19 (24% cases and tumor invasion into the seminal vesicles in 5 (6% patients. Stages pT2 and pT3 were found in 56 (70% and 24 (30%, respectively; total Gleason scores were 6 (3+3, 7 (3+4, 7 (4+3, 8 (4+4 in 38 (47.5%, 35 (43.75%, 5 (6.25%, and 2 (2.5% patients, respectively. Among 34 patients examined 3 months after RALP, 28 (82.4% patients completely retained urine; 5 (14.7% applied not more than a pad a day. In patients with preserved erectile function, the
Ahmed, Youssef E; Hussein, Ahmed A; May, Paul R; Ahmad, Basim; Ali, Taimoor; Durrani, Ayesha; Khan, Saira; Kumar, Prasanna; Guru, Khurshid A
Ureteroenteric strictures represent the most common complication requiring reoperation after radical cystectomy. We investigated the prevalence, outcomes, predictors and management of ureteroenteric strictures. We retrospectively reviewed our quality assurance, robot assisted radical cystectomy database to identify patients in whom ureteroenteric strictures developed. Data were reviewed for demographics, perioperative outcomes and ureteroenteric stricture characteristics. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate time to ureteroenteric stricture and multivariable stepwise regression was done to evaluate predictors of ureteroenteric strictures. Ureteroenteric strictures developed in 12%, 16% and 19% of 51 patients (13%) at 1, 3 and 5 years after robot assisted radical cystectomy, respectively. All patients were initially treated endoscopically or percutaneously, including 57% treated only endoscopically or percutaneously and 43% who required surgery, which was open repair in 6 and robot assisted repair in 16. At a median followup of 23 months 33 patients (65%) were free of disease, including 13 after endoscopic or percutaneous treatment, 15 after robot assisted repair and 5 after open revision. Open and robot assisted revisions showed comparable perioperative outcomes. On multivariable analysis the predictors of ureteroenteric anastomotic strictures were body mass index (OR 1.07, 95% CI 1.01-1.13, p = 0.02), intracorporeal urinary diversion (OR 3.28, 95% CI 1.41-7.61, p = 0.006), length of the right resected ureter (OR 0.66, 95% CI 0.50-0.88, p = 0.004), estimated glomerular filtration rate 30 days after assisted radical cystectomy (OR 0.85, 95% CI 0.74-0.98, p = 0.03), urinary tract infection (OR 2.68, 95% CI 1.31-5.49, p = 0.007) and leakage (OR 3.85, 95% CI 1.05-14.1, p = 0.04). Male gender (OR 0.19, 95% CI 0.04-0.96, p = 0.04) and higher body mass index (OR 0.85, 95% CI 0.72-0.996, p = 0.05) were associated with lower odds of successful endoscopic
Ikeda, Kosuke; Sato, Tsutomu; Maezawa, Yukio; Kano, Kazuki; Satoyoshi, Tetsuta; Segami, Kenki; Nakajima, Tetsushi; Ogata, Takashi; Cho, Haruhiko; Yoshikawa, Takaki
A 69-year-old woman who underwent laparoscopic assisted distal gastrectomy for early gastric cancer(pathological T1bN1M0)in June 2011was admitted to the hospital because of abdominal pain in May 2015.A n abdominal CT scan showed ileus caused by a transverse colon tumor and ascending colon perforation.We performed emergency right hemicolectomy and diverting ileostomy.The postoperative pathological findings revealed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and signetring cell carcinoma similar to the gastric cancer resected 4 years ago.Immunohistochemical findings showed that the colon tumor was positive for CK7, but negative for CK20 and expressed a gastric mucin phenotype.From these findings, the colon tumor was diagnosed as a metastasis from early gastric cancer.Colon metastasis from early gastric cancer is rare and the diagnosis is difficult in some cases.We herein report this case and discuss the clinical and pathologic features of colon metastasis from gastric cancer.
Full Text Available Introduction: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA is now considered the standard for treatment of surgically correctable adrenal disorders. Robotic adrenalectomy has been performed worldwide and has established itself as safe, feasible and effective approach. We hereby present the first study in robotic transperitoneal LA from Indian subcontinent. Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective evaluation of 25 patients who had undergone robotic assisted LA at a tertiary health centre by a single surgeon. Demographic, clinical, histopathological and perioperative outcome data were collected and analysed. Results: Mean age of the patients was 45 years (range: 27-65 years. Eleven male and 14 female patients were operated. Mean operative time was 139 min ± 30 min (range: 110-232 min and mean blood loss was 85 ml ± 12 ml (range: 34-313 ml. Mean hospital stay was 2.5 ± 1.05 days (range: 2-6 days. Mean visual analogue scale score was 3.2 (range: 1-6 mean analgesic requirement was 50 mg diclofenac daily (range: 0-150 mg. Histopathological evaluation revealed 11 adenomas, eight phaeochromocytomas, two adrenocortical carcinomas, and four myelolipomas. According to Clavien-Dindo classification, three patients developed Grade I post-operative complications namely hypotension and pleural effusion. Conclusion: Robotic adrenalectomy is safe, technically feasible and comfortable to the surgeon. It is easier to perform with a short learning curve.
Full Text Available This paper presents a methodology for movement recognition in hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery using a textile-based sensing glove. The aim is to recognize the commands given by the surgeon’s hand inside the patient’s abdominal cavity in order to guide a collaborative robot. The glove, which incorporates piezoresistive sensors, continuously captures the degree of flexion of the surgeon’s fingers. These data are analyzed throughout the surgical operation using an algorithm that detects and recognizes some defined movements as commands for the collaborative robot. However, hand movement recognition is not an easy task, because of the high variability in the motion patterns of different people and situations. The data detected by the sensing glove are analyzed using the following methodology. First, the patterns of the different selected movements are defined. Then, the parameters of the movements for each person are extracted. The parameters concerning bending speed and execution time of the movements are modeled in a prephase, in which all of the necessary information is extracted for subsequent detection during the execution of the motion. The results obtained with 10 different volunteers show a high degree of precision and recall.
Herling, Suzanne Forsyth; Havemann, Maria Cecilie; Palle, Connie
INTRODUCTION: Robotic surgery is increasingly used in the management of endometrial cancer; and although it is known that minimally invasive surgery reduces post-operative morbidity, the outcomes of this novel treatment should be monitored carefully. The aim of this study was to examine the incid......INTRODUCTION: Robotic surgery is increasingly used in the management of endometrial cancer; and although it is known that minimally invasive surgery reduces post-operative morbidity, the outcomes of this novel treatment should be monitored carefully. The aim of this study was to examine...... the incidence of complications according to the Clavien-Dindo scale after robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy (RALH) for early-stage endometrial cancer and atypical complex hyperplasia. The Clavien-Dindo scale grades the severity of complications. METHODS: This was a retrospective, descriptive cohort...... study of 235 women with endometrial cancer or atypical complex hyperplasia who had RALH. Surgeries were stratified into two groups: with or without pelvic lymphadenectomy. RESULTS: A total of 6% developed a grade 3 or higher complication with no significant difference (p = 0.24) between the groups...
Full Text Available Introduction. Meckel’s diverticulum (MD is the most common congenital anomaly of the intestine, with an incidence of 2~4%. Of those, only 2% of patients with MD are symptomatic. Torsion of MD is extremely rare, and only a dozen cases have been previously reported. Case Report. The patient was a 49-year-old male who presented to our emergency room with a chief complaint of lower abdominal pain. Computed tomography imaging revealed an irregular polycystic mass connected to the small intestine that measured 7.5 cm in a diameter. A laparoscopic-assisted partial resection of the jejunum was performed. The lesion was found to have caused torsion and was located 130 cm from the ileocecal valve. The specimen was polycystic in appearance and showed communicating links with the submucosal layer of jejunum but not with the lumen. The pathological diagnosis was a torsion of an atypical presentation of MD. Conclusion. This case was different from typical cases of MD in that it was located on significantly oral side and had the appearance of polycystic morphology.
Background Robotic-assisted laparoscopy is popularly performed for colorectal disease. The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare the safety and efficacy of robotic-assisted colorectal surgery (RCS) and laparoscopic colorectal surgery (LCS) for colorectal disease based on randomized controlled trial studies. Methods Literature searches of electronic databases (Pubmed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library) were performed to identify randomized controlled trial studies that compared the clinical or oncologic outcomes of RCS and LCS. This meta-analysis was performed using the Review Manager (RevMan) software (version 5.2) that is provided by the Cochrane Collaboration. The data used were mean differences and odds ratios for continuous and dichotomous variables, respectively. Fixed-effects or random-effects models were adopted according to heterogeneity. Results Four randomized controlled trial studies were identified for this meta-analysis. In total, 110 patients underwent RCS, and 116 patients underwent LCS. The results revealed that estimated blood losses (EBLs), conversion rates and times to the recovery of bowel function were significantly reduced following RCS compared with LCS. There were no significant differences in complication rates, lengths of hospital stays, proximal margins, distal margins or harvested lymph nodes between the two techniques. Conclusions RCS is a promising technique and is a safe and effective alternative to LCS for colorectal surgery. The advantages of RCS include reduced EBLs, lower conversion rates and shorter times to the recovery of bowel function. Further studies are required to define the financial effects of RCS and the effects of RCS on long-term oncologic outcomes. PMID:24767102
Basto, Marnique; Sathianathen, Niranjan; Te Marvelde, Luc; Ryan, Shane; Goad, Jeremy; Lawrentschuk, Nathan; Costello, Anthony J; Moon, Daniel A; Heriot, Alexander G; Butler, Jim; Murphy, Declan G
To compare patterns of care and peri-operative outcomes of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) with other surgical approaches, and to create an economic model to assess the viability of RARP in the public case-mix funding system. We retrospectively reviewed all radical prostatectomies (RPs) performed for localized prostate cancer in Victoria, Australia, from the Victorian Admitted Episode Dataset, a large administrative database that records all hospital inpatient episodes in Victoria. The first database, covering the period from July 2010 to April 2013 (n = 5 130), was used to compare length of hospital stay (LOS) and blood transfusion rates between surgical approaches. This was subsequently integrated into an economic model. A second database (n = 5 581) was extracted to cover the period between July 2010 and June 2013, three full financial years, to depict patterns of care and make future predictions for the 2014-2015 financial year, and to perform a hospital volume analysis. We then created an economic model to evaluate the incremental cost of RARP vs open RP (ORP) and laparoscopic RP (LRP), incorporating the cost-offset from differences in LOS and blood transfusion rate. The economic model constructs estimates of the diagnosis-related group (DRG) costs of ORP and LRP, adds the gross cost of the surgical robot (capital, consumables, maintenance and repairs), and manipulates these DRG costs to obtain a DRG cost per day, which can be used to estimate the cost-offset associated with RARP in comparison with ORP and LRP. Economic modelling was performed around a base-case scenario, assuming a 7-year robot lifespan and 124 RARPs performed per financial year. One- and two-way sensitivity analyses were performed for the four-arm da Vinci SHD, Si and Si dual surgical systems (Intuitive Surgical Ltd, Sunnyvale, CA, USA). We identified 5 581 patients who underwent RP in 20 hospitals in Victoria with an open, laparoscopic or robot-assisted surgical approach in the
Modern laparoscopic surgery is widely used throughout the world as it offers greater advantages than open procedures. The laparoscopic approach to hysterectomy has evolved over the last 20 years. Hysterectomies are performed abdominally, vaginally, laparoscopically or, more recently, with robotic assistance. Indications for a total laparoscopic hysterectomy are similar to those for total abdominal hysterectomy, and most commonly include uterine leiomyomata, pelvic organ prolapse, and a...
Yang, Hong; Xing, Jiadi; Cui, Ming; Zhang, Chenghai; Yao, Zhendan; Zhang, Nan; Su, Xiangqian
To investigate the influence of obesity on short-term outcomes after laparoscopy-assisted radical gastrectomy. Clinical data of 214 patients with gastric cancer, who underwent laparoscopy-assisted radical gastrectomy between May 2009 and December 2012 were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into two groups, consisting of obese and non-obese patients. In the obese group, the BMI was ≥ 25.0 kg/m² (n=66), and in the non-obese group was obese group than that in non-obese group [(271.5 ± 51.2) min vs. (252.1 ± 53.6) min, Pobese group was less than that in non-obese group (26.2 ± 10.3 vs. 30.3 ± 12.4, P0.05). There were no significant differences between the two groups with respect to postoperative complications rate (25.8% vs. 20.9%, P>0.05) and perioperative mortality (1.5% vs. 0.7%, P>0.05). However, minor surgery-related complication rate was higher in obese group(16.7% vs. 6.8%, Pgastric emptying. There was no difference in perioperative mortality between the two groups (1.5% vs. 0.7%, P>0.05). Although obesity prolongs the duration of laparoscopy-assisted radical gastrectomy, and increases the risk of minor surgery-related complications, it has no influence on the surgical safety.
Horovitz, David; Feng, Changyong; Messing, Edward M; Joseph, Jean V
Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) may be performed via an extraperitoneal (eRARP) or transperitoneal (tRARP) approach. There are no published studies comparing these two methods in patients with a history of prior inguinal hernia repair with mesh (IHRm), but the latter is often advocated in this setting. A retrospective review of patients who underwent RARP with prior IHRm who had a minimum follow-up of 3 months from July 1, 2003 to December 31, 2014 was undertaken. Of 2927 patients who underwent RARP for primary treatment of adenocarcinoma of the prostate, 286 patients had a clear history of IHRm. Of these, 116 patients underwent eRARP and 170 patients underwent tRARP. No differences were noted between the groups with respect to age, body mass index or American Society of Anesthesiology score. Patients in the tRARP group had higher D'Amico risk classification scores (p < 0.0001) and as such, underwent less nerve-sparing procedures (p < 0.0001) and had a higher rate of concomitant pelvic lymph node dissections (p < 0.0001). The tRARP group had a higher incidence of laparoscopic and bilateral IHRm. On univariate analysis, EBL was lower in the tRARP group (172.41 vs. 201.98, p = 0.05) but all other parameters were similar. After controlling for covariates using regression analysis with model selection, a trend was noted towards lower operating room time in the tRARP group (p = 0.0624) but no other differences were noted. The presence of prior IHRm does not seem to be a contraindication to eRARP. OR time may be lower with tRARP (trend) but all other quality indicators studied were similar.
Al-Daghmin, Ali; Kauffman, Eric C.; Shi, Yi; Badani, Ketan; Balbay, M. Derya; Canda, Erdem; Dasgupta, Prokar; Ghavamian, Reza; Grubb, Robert; Hemal, Ashok; Kaouk, Jihad; Kibel, Adam S.; Maatman, Thomas; Menon, Mani; Mottrie, Alex; Nepple, Kenneth; Pattaras, John G.; Peabody, James O.; Poulakis, Vassilis; Pruthi, Raj; Redorta, Juan Palou; Rha, Koon-Ho; Richstone, Lee; Schanne, Francis; Scherr, Douglas S.; Siemer, Stefan; Stöckle, Michael; Wallen, Eric M.; Weizer, Alon; Wiklund, Peter; Wilson, Timothy; Wilding, Gregory; Woods, Michael; Guru, Khurshid A.
Objective To characterise the surgical feasibility and outcomes of robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) for pathological T4 bladder cancer. Patients and Methods Retrospective evaluation of a prospectively maintained International Radical Cystectomy Consortium database was conducted for 1118 patients who underwent RARC between 2003 and 2012. We dichotomised patients based on pathological stage (≤pT3 vs pT4) and evaluated demographic, operative and pathological variables in relation to morbidity and mortality. Results In all, 1000 ≤pT3 and 118 pT4 patients were evaluated. The pT4 patients were older than the ≤pT3 patients (P = 0.001). The median operating time and blood loss were 386 min and 350 mL vs 396 min and 350 mL for p T4 and ≤pT3, respectively. The complication rate was similar (54% vs 58%; P = 0.64) among ≤pT3 and pT4 patients, respectively. The overall 30-and 90-day mortality rate was 0.4% and 1.8% vs 4.2% and 8.5% for ≤pT3 vs pT4 patients (P 10 days, and 90-day readmission were significantly associated with complications in pT4 patients. Meanwhile, BMI, LOS >10 days, grade 3–5 complications, 90-day readmission, smoking, previous abdominal surgery and neoadjuvant chemotherapy were significantly associated with mortality in pT4 patients. On multivariate analysis, BMI was an independent predictor of complications in pT4 patients, but not for mortality. Conclusions RARC for pT4 bladder cancer is surgically feasible but entails significant morbidity and mortality. BMI was independent predictor of complications in pT4 patients. PMID:24219170
Full Text Available Introduction. Obesity and prostate cancer are among the more common health issues affecting men in the United States. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed morbidly obese (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2 patients undergoing RALP between 2004–2009 at our institution. Parameters including operative time, estimated blood loss, hospital stay, pathology, and complication rate were examined. Results. A total of 15 patients were included, with a mean BMI of 43 kg/m2. Mean preoperative PSA was 5.78 ng/dL, and Gleason score was 6.6. Mean operative time was 163 minutes, and mean estimated blood loss was 210 mL. The mean hospital stay was 1.3 days. Positive margins were noted in 2 (13% patients, each with pT3 disease. There were no blood transfusions, open conversions, or Clavien Grade II or higher complications. Conclusions. In our experience, RALP is feasible in morbidly obese patients. We noted several challenges in this patient population which were overcome with modification of technique and experience.
Song, Sang Hoon; Kim, Kun Suk
Laparoscopic procedures for urological diseases in children have been proven to be safe and effective. However, the availability of laparoscopic procedures is still partly limited to experienced, high-volume centers because the procedures are technically demanding. The da Vinci robot system is being used for an increasing variety of reconstructive procedures because of the advantages of this approach, such as motion scaling, greater optical magnification, stereoscopic vision, increased instru...
Full Text Available Background. Superficial duodenal neoplasms (SDNs are a challenging target in the digestive tract. Surgical resection is invasive, and it is difficult to determine the site and extent of the lesion from outside the intestine and resect it locally. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD has scarcely been utilized in the treatment of duodenal tumors because of technical difficulties and possible delayed perforation due to the action of digestive juices. Thus, no standard treatments for SDNs have been established. To challenge this issue, we elaborated endoscopy-assisted laparoscopic full-thickness resection (EALFTR and analyzed its feasibility and safety. Methods. Twenty-four SDNs in 22 consecutive patients treated by EALFTR between January 2011 and July 2012 were analyzed retrospectively. Results. All lesions were removed en bloc. The lateral and vertical margins of the specimens were negative for tumor cells in all cases. The mean sizes of the resected specimens and lesions were 28.9 mm (SD ± 10.5 and 13.3 mm (SD ± 11.6, respectively. The mean operation time and intraoperative estimated blood loss were 133 min (SD ± 45.2 and 16 ml (SD ± 21.1, respectively. Anastomotic leakage occurred in three patients (13.6% postoperatively, but all were minor leakage and recovered conservatively. Anastomotic stenosis or bleeding did not occur. Conclusions. EALFTR can be a safe and minimally invasive treatment option for SDNs. However, the number of cases in this study was small, and further accumulations of cases and investigation are necessary.
Haas, Sebastian; Haese, Alexander; Goetz, Alwin E; Kubitz, Jens C
Robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) is usually performed in steep Trendelenburg position, which can be associated with cardiac impairment due to positioning and capnoperitoneum. This study investigated haemodynamic consequences and cardiac function in this type of surgery and evaluated the hypothesis that steep Trendelenburg position and capnoperitoneum results in haemodynamic and ventricular impairment. 10 patients (ASA I-III) scheduled for RALP in steep Trendelenburg position with capnoperitoneum were prospectively studied. Heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP) and central venous pressure (CVP) were recorded. Stroke volume variation (SVV) and cardiac output (CO) were measured using pulse-contour analysis. Further, cardiac function was assessed using trans-oesophageal echocardiography before positioning (T1) and 10 min (T2) and 60 min (T3) after implementation of steep Trendelenburg position and capnoperitoneum. HR did not change statistically. MAP (T1, 69.7 ± 1.55; T2, 82.9 ± 3.05; T3, 79.4 ± 2.18 mmHg), CVP (T1, 7.7 ± 1.3; T2, 17.3 ± 2.01; T3, 16.9 ± 1.66 mmHg) and CO (T1, 4.0 ± 0.15; T2, 4.9 ± 0.26; T3, 4.9 ± 0.36 l/min) increased significantly at T2 and T3. Echocardiography showed no deterioration of left or right ventricular function. In one patient with pre-existing mitral valve insufficiency (I°) an aggravation of the insufficiency (III°) was observed. No other valve dysfunctions were observed. The steep Trendelenburg position may improve haemodynamic function and does not deteriorate left or right ventricular function during RALP. However, mitral valve insufficiency may be aggravated by positioning and capnoperitoneum. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Ener, Kemal; Altınova, Serkan; Canda, Abdullah Erdem; Özcan, Muhammet Fuat; Asil, Erem; Ürer, Emre; Atmaca, Ali Fuat; Akbulut, Ziya
Objective: We evaluated outcomes of our robot-assisted laparoscopic transperitoneal pyeloplasty (RALP) procedures. Material and methods: Between July 2011 and March 2014, 18 RALP procedures were performed at our instutition. Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) diagnosis was made based on clinical presentation and intravenous urography. All patients underwent basal and diuretic isotopic renography to evaluate the degree of obstruction and impaired renal function. Anderson-Hynes dismembered pyeloplasty technique was used with a transperitoneal approach by using the da Vinci-S 4-arm surgical robot. Outcomes were assessed retrospectively. Results: Mean patient age was 31.3±11.7 (13–62) years. Male: female ratio was 9: 9. All procedures were primary surgeries. Of 18 patients, 10 (55.5%) had a crossing vessel and 8 (44.5%) had intrinsic obstruction. Mean operative time was 150.4±17.2 (115–185) minutes. Mean anastomosis time was 21.4±5.5 (10–33) minutes. Mean blood loss during the operation was 33.6±17.3 (10–60) cc. Mean hospital stay was 2.6±1.0 (1–6) days. No conversion to open surgery was required. No intraoperative and perioperative (0–30 days) complication occurred. Readmission rate during perioperative period was 0%. Median follow-up was 16.6±10.3 (3–35) months. Postoperative intravenous urography and renography showed improved results in all cases. Conclusion: Due to our experience, RALP is a safe and feasible minimally invasive approach in patients with UPJO with excellent surgical and functional outcomes. PMID:26328177
Østby-Deglum, Marie; Axcrona, Karol; Brennhovd, Bjørn; Dahl, Alv A
To study the ability to reach orgasm after robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) in relation to demographic, cancer-related, and surgical variables, and the use of erectile aids. In this cross-sectional study at a mean of 3 years after RALP at Oslo University Hospital, 982 men were invited to complete a mailed questionnaire, and 777 responded. Respondents who reported postoperative radiotherapy or hormone treatment, or did not report on orgasm were omitted, leaving 609 patients for analysis. Ability to reach orgasm was rated on 1 question from The Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite 26-item version, and dichotomized into "good" or "poor." Overall, 27% of the men reported good ability to reach orgasm: 22% among those did not use erectile aids and 34% among those did (P = .001). Univariate analysis of men with good versus poor ability to reach orgasm showed many significant differences. In multivariate analysis, being older, having a reduced physical quality of life, and erectile dysfunction were significantly associated with poor ability to reach orgasm. Erectile dysfunction showed an odds ratio of 4.86 for poor orgasmic ability. The 48% of men who used erectile aids had significantly better orgasmic ability than the nonusers. In our sample, 27% had good ability to reach orgasm at a mean of 3 years after RALP. Poor orgasmic ability was associated with being older, poor erectile function, and a reduced physical quality of life. Using erectile aids increased the rate of good ability to reach orgasm. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Dutra, Robson Azevedo; Boscollo, Adriana Cartafina Perez
The anorectal anomalies consist in a complex group of birth defects. Laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty improved visualization of the rectal fistula and the ability to place the pull-through segment within the elevator muscle complex with minimal dissection. There is no consensus on how the fistula should be managed. To evaluate the laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty and the treatment of the rectal urinary fistula by a bipolar sealing device. It was performed according to the original description by Georgeson1. Was used 10 mm infraumbilical access portal for 30º optics. The pneumoperitoneum was established with pressure 8-10 cm H2O. Two additional trocars of 5 mm were placed on the right and left of the umbilicus. The dissection started on peritoneal reflection using Ligasure(r). With the reduction in the diameter of the distal rectum was identified the fistula to the urinary tract. The location of the new anus was defined by the location of the external anal sphincter muscle complex, using electro muscle stimulator externally. Finally, it was made an anastomosis between the rectum and the new location of the anus. A Foley urethral probe was left for seven days. Seven males were operated, six with rectoprostatic and one with rectovesical fistula. The follow-up period ranged from one to four years. The last two patients operated underwent bipolar sealing of the fistula between the rectum and urethra without sutures or surgical ligation. No evidence of urethral leaks was identified. There are benefits of the laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty for the treatment of anorectal anomaly. The use of a bipolar energy source that seals the rectal urinary fistula has provided a significant decrease in the operating time and made the procedure be more elegant. As anomalias anorretais consistem de um grupo complexo de defeitos congênitos. A anorretoplastia laparoscópica permite melhor visualização da fístula retourinária e propicia o posicionamento do reto abaixado
Hussein, Ahmed A; Saar, Matthias; May, Paul R; Wijburg, Carl J; Richstone, Lee; Wagner, Andrew; Wilson, Timothy; Yuh, Bertram; Redorta, Joan Palou; Dasgupta, Prokar; Khan, Mohammad Shamim; Menon, Mani; Peabody, James O; Hosseini, Abolfazl; Gaboardi, Franco; Mottrie, Alexandre; Rha, Koon-Ho; Hemal, Ashok; Stockle, Michael; Kelly, John; Maatman, Thomas J; Canda, Abdullah Erdem; Wiklund, Peter; Guru, Khurshid A
We sought to investigate the prevalence and variables associated with early oncologic failure. We retrospectively reviewed the IRCC (International Radical Cystectomy Consortium) database of patients who underwent robot-assisted radical cystectomy since 2003. The final cohort comprised a total of 1,894 patients from 23 institutions in 11 countries. Early oncologic failure was defined as any disease relapse within 3 months of robot-assisted radical cystectomy. All institutions were surveyed for the pneumoperitoneum pressure used, breach of oncologic surgical principles, and techniques of specimen and lymph node removal. A multivariate model was fit to evaluate predictors of early oncologic failure. The Kaplan-Meier method was applied to depict disease specific and overall survival, and Cox proportional regression analysis was used to evaluate predictors of disease specific and overall survival. A total of 305 patients (22%) experienced disease relapse, which was distant in 220 (16%), local recurrence in 154 (11%), peritoneal carcinomatosis in 17 (1%) and port site recurrence in 5 (0.4%). Early oncologic failure developed in 71 patients (5%) at a total of 10 institutions. The incidence of early oncologic failure decreased from 10% in 2006 to 6% in 2015. On multivariate analysis the presence of any complication (OR 2.87, 95% CI 1.38-5.96, p = 0.004), pT3 or greater disease (OR 3.73, 95% CI 2.00-6.97, p <0.001) and nodal involvement (OR 2.14, 95% CI 1.21-3.80, p = 0.008) was a significant predictor of early oncologic failure. Patients with early oncologic failure demonstrated worse disease specific and overall survival (23% and 13%, respectively) at 1 and 3 years compared to patients who experienced later or no recurrences (log rank p <0.001). The incidence of early oncologic failure following robot-assisted radical cystectomy has decreased with time. Disease related rather than technical related factors have a major role in early oncologic failure after robot-assisted
Fournier, Georges; Callerot, Pierre; Thoulouzan, Maxime; Valeri, Antoine; Perrouin-Verbe, Marie-Aimee
To investigate the feasibility, safety, and functional results of robotic-assisted artificial urinary sphincter (R-AUS) laparoscopic implantation in women with stress urinary incontinence due to intrinsic sphincter deficiency. Six women underwent an R-AUS implantation between 2012 and 2013. The mean age was 65 ± 9.6 years. Five patients had previous surgery for incontinence. The mean duration of follow-up was 14.3 months. A transperitoneal approach with a lateral positioning of the robotic arms was performed. The cuff implantation, positioning of the reservoir, and the pump were carried out similarly to the laparoscopic technique. Operative time, intraoperative occurrence of injuries of the bladder or vagina, postoperative complications, and continence (pad per day) were assessed. The R-AUS implantation was feasible in all cases without intraoperative injury and 1 grade 1 postoperative complication. Mean operative time, postoperative bladder catheterization, and hospitalization time were 210 ± 32 minutes, 7 days, and 6 days, respectively. At the end of the follow-up, 83% of cases were fully continent. R-AUS implantation in incontinent women with intrinsic sphincter deficiency was feasible and safe with good functional results. More data are needed before concluding to the superiority of this new technique compared with open or laparoscopic approaches. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Ellebaek, Signe Bremholm; Fristrup, Claus Wilki; Pless, Torsten
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the potential clinical value of contrast enhanced laparoscopic ultrasonography (CE-LUS) as a screening modality for liver metastases during robotic assisted surgery for primary colorectal cancer (CRC). METHOD: A prospective, descriptive (feasibility) study...... including 50 consecutive patients scheduled for robotic assisted surgery for primary CRC. CE-LUS was performed by 2 experienced specialists. Only patients without metastatic disease were included. Follow-up was obtained with contrast-enhanced CT imaging at 3 and 12 months postoperatively. RESULTS: Fifty......-up revealed no liver metastasis in any of the patients. CONCLUSION: CE-LUS did not increase the detection rate of occult liver metastasis during robotic assisted primary CRC surgery. The use of CE-LUS as a screening modality for detection of liver metastasis cannot be recommended based on this study...
Tsafrir, Ziv; Palmer, Matthew; Dahlman, Marisa; Nawfal, A Karim; Aoun, Joelle; Taylor, Andrew; Fisher, Jay; Theoharis, Evan; Eisenstein, David
This randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate the outcomes of different vaginal cuff closure techniques in robotic-assisted total laparoscopic hysterectomy. Ninety women undergoing robotic-assisted total laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign disease were randomized to three vaginal cuff closure techniques: running 2.0 V-Lock™ (Arm 1), 0 Vicryl™ figure-of-eight (Arm 2), and running 0 Vicryl™ with Lapra-Ty(®) (Arm 3). Patients' records were reviewed for age, body mass index, smoking status and relevant co-morbidities. Operative times for vaginal closure and total length of surgery, estimated blood loss, and peri-operative complications were collected. Patients were evaluated at 2 and 6 weeks post-operatively, and interviewed 1year following surgery by a telephone survey. Outcomes evaluated were vaginal cuff dehiscence, pain, dyspareunia and bleeding. The study arms did not differ with respect to estimated blood loss (50mL in each arm; p=0.34), median vaginal cuff closure time (14.5, 12 and 13min, respectively; p=0.09) or readmission (p=0.55). In the 1-year follow-up (54/90 respondents; 60%), there were no significant differences among study arms for vaginal bleeding, cuff infection or dyspareunia. Only women belonging to arm 3 reported vaginal pain (0%, 0% and 23%, respectively; p=0.01). No cases of vaginal cuff dehiscence were observed. The type of closure technique has no significant impact on patient outcomes. In the absence of a clear advantage of one technique over the others, the decision regarding the preferred method to close the vaginal cuff in robotic-assisted total laparoscopic hysterectomy should be based on surgeons' preference and cost effectiveness. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Wei, Hai-Bin; Qi, Xiao-Long; Liu, Feng; Wang, Jie; Ni, Xiao-Feng; Zhang, Qi; Li, En-Hui; Chen, Xuan-Yu; Zhang, Da-Hong
Renal artery aneurysm (RAA) is rare and its incidence in the general population remains elusive. There have been few reports on the repair of multiple aneurysms conducted with the Da Vinci robot-assisted surgical platform (Intuitive Surgical Inc., Sunnyvale, CA, USA), especially for those located in renal artery primary bifurcations. We report our experience in the surgical management of two expanding right-sided RAAs in a 64-year-old man using a robot-assisted laparoscopic approach. Two aneurysms were located in renal artery primary bifurcations, whose diameter was 1.8 and 1.2 cm. The aneurysms were resected and the renal artery branch reconstructed by in situ arteriorrhaphy. The operation lasted for 2 h and 35 min with a warm ischemia time of 26 min and estimated blood loss of 150 ml. The hospital stay was 6 days. The computed tomography (CT) scan performed 2 months after the surgery showed resolution of the aneurysms. Additionally, split renal function indicated the preservation of right renal function in the follow-up period. The robot-assisted laparoscopic procedure is a safe and effective surgical technique, which may be considered as an alternative to open surgery for complex multiple RAAs in the future.
Ficarra, Vincenzo; Novara, Giacomo; Rosen, Raymond C; Artibani, Walter; Carroll, Peter R; Costello, Anthony; Menon, Mani; Montorsi, Francesco; Patel, Vipul R; Stolzenburg, Jens-Uwe; Van der Poel, Henk; Wilson, Timothy G; Zattoni, Filiberto; Mottrie, Alexandre
Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) was proposed to improve functional outcomes in comparison with retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP) or laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP). In the initial RARP series, 12-mo urinary continence recovery rates ranged from 84% to 97%. However, the few available studies comparing RARP with RRP or LRP published before 2008 did not permit any definitive conclusions about the superiority of any one of these techniques in terms of urinary continence recovery. The aims of this systematic review were (1) to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors for urinary incontinence after RARP, (2) to identify surgical techniques able to improve urinary continence recovery after RARP, and (3) to perform a cumulative analysis of all available studies comparing RARP versus RRP or LRP in terms of the urinary continence recovery rate. A literature search was performed in August 2011 using the Medline, Embase, and Web of Science databases. The Medline search included only a free-text protocol using the term radical prostatectomy across the title and abstract fields of the records. The following limits were used: humans; gender (male); and publication date from January 1, 2008. Searches of the Embase and Web of Science databases used the same free-text protocol, keywords, and search period. Only comparative studies or clinical series including >100 cases reporting urinary continence outcomes were included in this review. Cumulative analysis was conducted using the Review Manager v.4.2 software designed for composing Cochrane Reviews (Cochrane Collaboration, Oxford, UK). We analyzed 51 articles reporting urinary continence rates after RARP: 17 case series, 17 studies comparing different techniques in the context of RARP, 9 studies comparing RARP with RRP, and 8 studies comparing RARP with LRP. The 12-mo urinary incontinence rates ranged from 4% to 31%, with a mean value of 16% using a no pad definition. Considering a no pad or safety pad
Henry Y. Lin
Conclusion: Improved bladder neck enhancement provides a clearer vision during bladder neck dissection. Similar functional results and cancer control rates were also encountered during modified extraperitoneal radical prostatectomy. This novel technique is a feasible method for performing endoscopic radical prostatectomy using four ports instead of five.
Kanashiro, A; Gaya, J M; Palou, J; Gausa, L; Villavicencio, H
To review our experience in robot-assisted radical cystectomy, assessing the complications and oncological and functional results. From 2007 to 2014, we performed 67 robot-assisted radical cystectomies combined with lymphadenectomy in 61 cases. The operations were performed on 37 patients due to muscle-invasive tumours and on 30 due to high-risk nonmuscle-invasive tumours. Urinary diversion was conducted extracorporeally, using a Studer neobladder in 47 cases. The mean blood loss was 300mL. No case required conversion to open surgery. The median number of lymph nodes extracted was 16 (range 3-33). Pathology revealed 16 pT0, 15 pTis,-pT1-pTa and 44 muscle-invasive tumours, 8 pN+ and 1 with positive margins. The mean hospital stay was 9 days. With a median follow-up of 16 months, 9 (13%) patients were readmitted after the discharge, most for infections associated with the vesical catheter and other catheters. Forty patients (59.7%) presented complications (most were Clavien grade 1-2). There was recurrence during the follow-up in 4 cases (6%), and 4 (5.9%) patients died from cancer. Nineteen (28.3%) patients had complications after 30 days, most of which were urinary tract infections. Of the 47 patients with a neobladder, 45 (96%) had proper daytime continence and 42 (89%) had proper nighttime continence. Ninety percent and 64% of the patients with previously normal sexual function and reduced sexual function, respectively, were able to preserve sexual function with or without drug treatment. Robot-assisted radical cystectomy plus lymphadenectomy, with extracorporeal reconstruction of the urinary diversion, offers good oncological and functional results without increasing the number of complications. Copyright © 2016 AEU. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
Capogrosso, P; Ventimiglia, E; Cazzaniga, W; Stabile, A; Pederzoli, F; Boeri, L; Gandaglia, G; Dehò, F; Briganti, A; Montorsi, F; Salonia, A
Neglected side effects after radical prostatectomy have been previously reported. In this context, the prevalence of penile morphometric alterations has never been assessed in robot-assisted radical prostatectomy series. We aimed to assess prevalence of and predictors of penile morphometric alterations (i.e. penile shortening or penile morphometric deformation) at long-term follow-up in patients submitted to either robot-assisted (robot-assisted radical prostatectomy) or open radical prostatectomy. Sexually active patients after either robot-assisted radical prostatectomy or open radical prostatectomy prospectively completed a 28-item questionnaire, with sensitive issues regarding sexual function, namely orgasmic functioning, climacturia and changes in morphometric characteristics of the penis. Only patients with a post-operative follow-up ≥ 24 months were included. Patients submitted to either adjuvant or salvage therapies or those who refused to comprehensively complete the questionnaire were excluded from the analyses. A propensity-score matching analysis was implemented to control for baseline differences between groups. Logistic regression models tested potential predictors of penile morphometric alterations at long-term post-operative follow-up. Overall, 67 (50%) and 67 (50%) patients were included after open radical prostatectomy or robot-assisted radical prostatectomy, respectively. Self-rated post-operative penile shortening and penile morphometric deformation were reported by 75 (56%) and 29 (22.8%) patients, respectively. Rates of penile shortening and penile morphometric deformation were not different after open radical prostatectomy and robot-assisted radical prostatectomy [all p > 0.5]. At univariable analysis, self-reported penile morphometric alterations (either penile shortening or penile morphometric deformation) were significantly associated with baseline international index of erectile function-erectile function scores, body mass index, post
Sui, Yuan; Pan, Jun J; Qin, Hong; Liu, Hao; Lu, Yun
Laparoscopic surgery (LS), also referred to as minimally invasive surgery, is a modern surgical technique which is widely applied. The fulcrum effect makes LS a non-intuitive motor skill with a steep learning curve. A hybrid model of tetrahedrons and a multi-layer triangular mesh are constructed to simulate the deformable behavior of the rectum and surrounding tissues in the Position-Based Dynamics (PBD) framework. A heat-conduction based electric-burn technique is employed to simulate the electrocautery procedure. The simulator has been applied for laparoscopic rectum cancer surgery training. From the experimental results, trainees can operate in real time with high degrees of stability and fidelity. A preliminary study was performed to evaluate the realism and usefulness. This prototype simulator has been tested and verified by colorectal surgeons through a pilot study. They believed both the visual and the haptic performance of the simulation are realistic and helpful to enhance laparoscopic skills. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Kala, Z; Vomela, J; Hanke, I
The authors describe the technique of laparoscopic gastrostomy and laparoscopic assisted gastrostomy. It is an alternative method for patients, when PEG (percutaneous endoscopic gastronomy) or other more physiologic way of food administration is not possible to perform.
Tae, K; Ji, Y B; Song, C M; Sung, E S; Chung, J H; Lee, S H; Park, H J
The aim of this study was to evaluate the technical feasibility and safety of robot-assisted modified radical neck dissection (MRND) for head and neck cancer patients with a clinically node-positive neck. The cases of 10 head and neck cancer patients who underwent unilateral therapeutic robot-assisted MRND by post-auricular facelift approach were analyzed. The robot-assisted MRND was completed successfully in all patients without any conversion to conventional neck dissection. The mean number of lymph nodes removed was 36.7±8.6. The mean duration of surgery for robot-assisted MRND was 274±65min (range 175-395min). Transient marginal nerve palsy occurred in two patients and partial necrosis of the skin flap occurred in one patient. In terms of cosmetic satisfaction, 70% of patients were very satisfied or satisfied with postoperative cosmesis. In conclusion, robot-assisted MRND by post-auricular facelift approach is technically feasible and safe in selected patients with head and neck cancer, and yields excellent postoperative cosmesis. Copyright © 2016 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Bareum Choi; Kyungmin Jo; Songe Choi; Jaesoon Choi
Laparoscopic surgery, a type of minimally invasive surgery, is used in a variety of clinical surgeries because it has a faster recovery rate and causes less pain. However, in general, the robotic system used in laparoscopic surgery can cause damage to the surgical instruments, organs, or tissues during surgery due to a narrow field of view and operating space, and insufficient tactile feedback. This study proposes real-time models for the detection of surgical instruments during laparoscopic surgery by using a CNN(Convolutional Neural Network). A dataset included information of the 7 surgical tools is used for learning CNN. To track surgical instruments in real time, unified architecture of YOLO apply to the models. So as to evaluate performance of the suggested models, degree of recall and precision is calculated and compared. Finally, we achieve 72.26% mean average precision over our dataset.
Tatsugami, Katsunori; Yoshioka, Kunihiko; Shiroki, Ryoichi; Eto, Masatoshi; Yoshino, Yasushi; Tozawa, Keiichi; Fukasawa, Satoshi; Fujisawa, Masato; Takenaka, Atsushi; Nasu, Yasutomo; Kashiwagi, Akira; Gotoh, Momokazu; Terachi, Toshiro
To analyze nerve sparing performance at an early stage of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy, and the correlation between the surgeons' experience and the risk of a positive surgical margin in patients treated with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Patients' records from January 2009 to March 2013 were retrospectively reviewed, and 3469 patients with localized prostate cancer were identified at 45 institutions. Individual surgeon's experience with nerve sparing was recorded as the number of nerve sparing cases among total robot-assisted radical prostatectomies beginning with the first case during which nerve sparing was carried out. Patients were selected by propensity score matching for nerve sparing, and predictive factors of positive surgical margins were analyzed in patients with and without positive surgical margins. A total of 152 surgeons were studied, and the median number of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy cases for all surgeons was 21 (range 1-511). In all, 54 surgeons (35.5%) undertook nerve sparing during their first robot-assisted radical prostatectomy case. For 2388 patients selected with (1194) and without (1194) nerve sparing, predictive factors for positive surgical margin were high initial prostate-specific antigen level (P 100 cases (P = 0.0058). Thus, nerve sparing was not associated with positive surgical margins. The surgeon's experience influences the occurrence of positive surgical margins, although a considerable number of surgeons carried out nerve sparing during their early robot-assisted radical prostatectomy cases. Surgeons should consider their own experience and prostate cancer characteristics before carrying out a nerve sparing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. © 2017 The Japanese Urological Association.
Tomulescu, V; Stănciulea, O; Bălescu, I; Vasile, S; Tudor, St; Gheorghe, C; Vasilescu, C; Popescu, I
Robotic surgery was developed in response to the limitations and drawbacks of laparoscopic surgery. Since 1997 when the first robotic procedure was performed various papers pointed the advantages of robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery, this technique is now a reality and it will probably become the surgery of the future. The aim of this paper is to present our preliminary experience with the three-arms "da Vinci S surgical system", to assess the feasibility of this technique in various abdominal and thoracic procedures and to point out the advantages of the robotic approach for each type of procedure. Between 18 January 2008 and 18 January 2009 153 patients (66 men and 87 women; mean age 48,02 years, range 6 to 84 years) underwent robotic-assisted surgical procedures in our institution; we performed 129 abdominal and 24 thoracic procedures, as follows: one cholecystectomy, 14 myotomies with Dor fundoplication, one gastroenteroanastomosis for unresectable antral gastric cancer, one transthoracic esophagectomy, 14 gastrectomies, one polypectomy through gastrotomy, 22 splenectomies,7 partial spleen resections, 22 thymectomy, 6 Nissen fundoplications, one Toupet fundoplication, one choledocho-duodeno-anastomosis, one drainage for pancreatic abscess, one distal pancreatectomy, one hepatic cyst fenestration, 7 hepatic resections, 29 colonic and rectal resections, 5 adrenalectomies, 12 total radical hysterectomies and pelvic lymphadenectomy, 3 hysterectomies with bilateral adnexectomy for uterine fibroma, one unilateral adnexectomy, and 2 cases of cervico-mediastinal goitre resection. 147 procedures were robotics completed , whereas 6 procedures were converted to open surgery due to the extent of the lesion. Average operating room time was 171 minutes (range 60 to 600 minutes, Median length of stay was 8,6 days (range 2 to 48 days). One system malfunctions was registered. Post-operatory complications occurred in 14 cases. There were no deaths. Our preliminary experience
Minimally invasive approaches to adrenal tumors: an up-to-date summary including patient position and port placement of laparoscopic, retroperitoneoscopic, robot-assisted, and single-site adrenalectomy.
Hupe, Marie C; Imkamp, Florian; Merseburger, Axel S
There are multiple minimal invasive approaches to remove the adrenal gland. The purpose of this review is to summarize the most up-to-date findings about laparoscopic, retroperitoneoscopic, robot-assisted, and single-site adrenalectomy, and to define the most common approaches to the adrenal gland. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is the gold standard to remove adrenal tumors. New approaches are being explored to outperform the advantages of laparoscopic adrenalectomy. Retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy, when performed by skilled surgeons, offers an alternative to the conventional laparoscopic approach, with better outcome. The robot-assisted and single-site approaches still need further studies to fully identify their roles in adrenalectomy.
Yao, Fengqiu; Zhao, Weidong; Chen, Gang; Zhang, Aijun; Sun, Fanglin; Hu, Weiping; Ling, Bin
Background Radical surgery of primary vaginal carcinoma typically involves partial or complete resection of the vagina, and young patients in particular can experience sexual dysfunction after surgery. Vaginoplasty is mandatory for this population, multiple vaginal reconstructive techniques have been reported. Here we attempted to determine whether the peritoneum is a feasible alternative to the sigmoid colon in vaginoplasty performed during radical surgery. Methods Between February 2005 and ...
Delongchamps, Nicolas Barry; Belas, Olivier; Saighi, Djillali; Zerbib, Marc; Peyromaure, Michaël
To evaluate and compare scar-related satisfaction in patients treated with open (ORP) versus laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP). We prospectively included all patients treated with ORP and LRP in our department between March and June 2010. Scar-related outcomes were collected at 1 and 3 months postoperatively. Three months after surgery, all patients filled up a questionnaire concerning their scar-related symptoms, scar self-consciousness and satisfaction. These variables were statistically compared between the two groups. A total of 101 patients were included for analysis. Of them, 48, 49 and 4 were treated with LRP, ORP and LRP converted to ORP, respectively. Age distribution was not statistically different between groups. Postoperatively, 5 patients experienced skin infection on their scar site, 2 in the ORP and 3 in the LRP group. The most frequently reported symptom was scar itching, that was more frequent after LRP, although difference was not significant (33 vs. 19%, p = 0.2). According to patient scar-related consciousness, satisfaction and impact on quality of life, no differences were reported between groups. Impact on quality of life was insignificant in 27 (55%) versus 21 (44%) patients after ORP and LRP, respectively (p = 0.3). With an overall low impact on satisfaction and quality of life, scars gendered by LRP and ORP were not different from patients' point of view. In patients undergoing radical prostatectomy, the cosmetic aspect of scars does not seem to be a concern.
Polle, S. W.; Dunker, M. S.; Slors, J. F. M.; Sprangers, M. A.; Cuesta, M. A.; Gouma, D. J.; Bemelman, W. A.
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare quality of life (QOL), functional outcome, body image, and cosmesis after hand-assisted laparoscopic (LRP) versus open restorative proctocolectomy (ORP). The potential long-term advantages of LRP over ORP remain to be determined. The most likely advantage of
Østby-Deglum, Marie; Brennhovd, B.; Axcrona, K.
Objective. Erectile function with and without use of erectile aids was compared in high-, intermediate- and low-risk prostate cancer patients at a mean of 3 years after robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP). Materials and methods. A sample of 982 men who underwent RALP at Oslo Universi...
Azawi, Nessn H; Berg, Kasper Drimer; Thamsborg, Andreas Key Milan
nephroureterectomy between January 2008 and December 2014 was conducted. Outcome measures were OS and CSM. RESULTS: In total, 298 patients underwent robot-assisted or laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy with a final histological diagnosis of UTUC. LND was performed in 46 (15.4%). One hundred and seventy...
Schmitt, Andy; Crochet, Patrice; Agostini, Aubert
To describe a technique of robotic-assisted laparoscopy of residual cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) and uterine defect repair. Video case report, with step-by-step explanation of the procedure (Canadian Task Force classification III) SETTING: CSP may be treated by different approaches including surgery and methotrexate. Successful methotrexate treatments avoid an emergency surgical treatment. In these cases a residual CSP often remains and should be removed in women who desire to conceive. CSP is often associated with a cesarean section scar defect called an isthmocele. In case of isthmocele with important defect and desire for pregnancy, laparoscopic repair may be proposed. Diagnosis and treatment of isthmocele is usually performed in a second time after a successful treatment of CSP. In this case, a surgical treatment including the removal of the residual CSP and treatment of the isthmocele may be proposed. In this video we describe a technique for the surgical removal of residual CSP and isthmocele treatment by robotic-assisted laparoscopy. A 32-year-old patient developed a CSP treated by 2 in situ injections of methotrexate. A magnetic resonance imaging study performed 1 month after the last methotrexate injection revealed a persistent 4-cm residual CSP, associated with an isthmocele. Preoperative uterine artery embolization was performed to reduce intraoperative bleeding. After localization of the residual CSP on the left side, a temporary left uterine occlusion was performed. Residual CSP was totally removed. The residual defect and isthmocele were closed using delayed absorbable suture. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic removal of residual CSP and isthmocele treatment is a feasible and safe procedure. This procedure may be proposed in patients presenting with this condition after a methotrexate treatment of CSP. Copyright © 2016 AAGL. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Gershman, Boris; Meier, Sarah K; Jeffery, Molly M; Moreira, Daniel M; Tollefson, Matthew K; Kim, Simon P; Karnes, R Jeffrey; Shah, Nilay D
Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy has undergone rapid dissemination driven in part by market forces to become the most frequently used surgical approach in the management of prostate cancer. Accordingly, a critical analysis of its volume-outcome relationship has important health policy implications. Therefore, we evaluated the association of hospital robot-assisted radical prostatectomy volume with perioperative outcomes, and examined the distribution of hospital procedure volume to contextualize the volume-outcome relationship. We identified 140,671 men who underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy from 2009 to 2011 in NIS (Nationwide Inpatient Sample). The associations of hospital volume with perioperative outcomes and total hospital costs were evaluated using multivariable logistic regression and generalized linear models. In 2011, 70% of hospitals averaged 1 robot-assisted radical prostatectomy per week or less, accounting for 28% of surgeries. Compared to patients treated at the lowest quartile hospitals, those treated at the highest quartile hospitals had significantly lower rates of intraoperative complications (0.6% vs 1.4%), postoperative complications (4.8% vs 13.9%), perioperative blood transfusion (1.5% vs 4.0%), prolonged hospitalization (4.3% vs 13.8%) and mean total hospital costs ($12,647 vs $15,394, all ptrend robot-assisted radical prostatectomies per year, beyond which there appeared to be marginal improvement. Increasing hospital robot-assisted radical prostatectomy volume was associated with improved perioperative outcomes up to approximately 100 surgeries per year, beyond which there appeared to be marginal improvement. A substantial proportion of these procedures is performed at low volume hospitals. Copyright © 2017 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
The Radical Extent of lymphadenectomy - D2 dissection versus complete mesocolic excision of LAparoscopic Right Colectomy for right-sided colon cancer (RELARC) trial: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.
Lu, Jun-Yang; Xu, Lai; Xue, Hua-Dan; Zhou, Wei-Xun; Xu, Tao; Qiu, Hui-Zhong; Wu, Bin; Lin, Guo-Le; Xiao, Yi
The extent of lymphadenectomy during laparoscopic right colectomy can affect the oncological outcome and the safety of surgery. The principle of complete mesocolic excision (CME) has been gradually accepted and increasingly applied by colorectal surgeons. The aim of this study is to investigate whether extended lymphadenectomy (CME) in laparoscopic colectomy could improve the oncological outcomes of patients with right-sided colon cancers, compared with D2 lymphadenectomy. The Radical Extent of lympadenectomy: D2 dissection versus complete mesocolic excision of LAparoscopic Right Colectomy for right-sided colon cancer (RELARC) study is a prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled trial in which 1072 eligible patients with right-sided colon cancers will be randomly assigned to the CME group or the D2 dissection group during laparoscopic right colectomy. Inclusion criteria are locally advanced colon cancers situated from the cecum to the right third of the transverse colon and clinically staged as T2-4aN0M0 or TanyN + M0. The primary endpoint of this trial is 3-year disease-free survival. Secondary endpoints include 3-year overall survival, postoperative complication rates, perioperative mortality rates, and rates of positive central lymph nodes (the station 3 nodes). The RELARC trial is a prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled trial that will provide evidence on the optimal extent of lymphadenectomy during laparoscopic right colectomy in terms of better oncological outcome and operation safety. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02619942 . Registered on 29 November 2015.
Dong Jae Bak
Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the advantages of robotic surgery, comparing perioperative and oncological outcomes between robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC and open radical cystectomy (ORC. Materials and Methods: Between August 2008 and May 2014, 112 radical cystectomies (42 RARCs and 70 ORCs were performed at a single academic institution following Institutional Review Board approval. Patient demographics, perioperative variables (e.g., complications, and oncologic outcomes including metastasis-free survival (MFS, cancer-specific survival (CSS, and overall survival (OS were reported using the Kaplan-Meier analyses. Results: The median follow-up period was 40 months (range, 0–70 months vs. 42 months (range, 0–74 months in RARC and ORC, respectively. Baseline characteristics of both groups were balanced. Blood loss (median, [range]; 300 mL [125–925 mL] vs. 598 mL [150–2,000 mL], p=0.001 and perioperative transfusion rates (23.8% vs. 45.7%, p=0.020 were significantly lower in the RARC group than in the ORC group. The overall complication rates were greater in the ORC group, but this was not statistically significant (65.7% vs. 64.3%, p=0.878. However, there were significantly higher major complication rates in the ORC group (45.7% vs. 26.2%, p=0.040. No significant differences were found with regards to MFS, CSS, and OS. Conclusions: While histopathological findings, overall complications, and survival rates do not reveal definite differences, RARC has more advantages compared to ORC in terms of estimated blood loss, perioperative transfusion rates and fewer perioperative major complications. We propose that RARC is a safer treatment modality with equivalent oncological outcomes compared to ORC.
Porreca, Angelo; Salvaggio, Antonio; Dandrea, Matteo; Cappa, Emanuele; Zuccala, Alessio; Del Rosso, Alessandro; D'Agostino, Daniele
The aim of this study is to analyze the principal advantages of posterior muscolo-fascial reconstruction using knotless barbed sutures (BS) during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). We analyzed the available evidence regarding the efficacy and safety of principal BS (Quill SRS Angiotech Pharmaceuticals Inc., Vancouver, Canada; V-Loc Medtronic, Dublin, Ireland; STRATAFIX Ethicon Inc., Somerville, New Jersey; Filbloc® Assut Europe S.p.A., Rome, Italy). We analysed the principal outcomes (operative time and suturing time of urethra-vesical anastomosis, length of catheterization, hospital stay, and postoperative complications rate) reported in literature. In light of our experience, we believe that the utilization of BS during RARP is safe as the development of a new surgical technique of urethrovesical anastomosis offers advantages in terms of continence rate, length of catheterization, and other surgical outcomes. Other studies (prospective trials) are necessary to investigate the real benefits of BS in comparison to conventional sutures (CS).
Full Text Available Robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP needs a steep Trendelenburg position and a relatively high CO2 insufflation pressure, and patients undergoing RARP are usually elderly. These factors make intraoperative ventilatory care difficult and increase the risk of perioperative pulmonary complications. The aim was to determine the efficacy of recruitment manoeuvre (RM on perioperative pulmonary complications in elderly patients undergoing RARP. A total of 60 elderly patients scheduled for elective RARP were randomly allocated to two groups after induction of anaesthesia; positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP was applied during the operation without RM in the control group (group C and after RM in the recruitment group (group R. The total number of patients who developed intraoperative desaturation or postoperative atelectasis was significantly higher in group C compared to group R (43.3% vs. 17.8%, P = 0.034. Intraoperative respiratory mechanics, perioperative blood gas analysis, and pulmonary function testing did not show differences between the groups. Adding RM to PEEP compared to PEEP alone significantly reduced perioperative pulmonary complications in elderly patients undergoing RARP.
Hashimoto, Takeshi; Yoshioka, Kunihiko; Nagao, Go; Nakagami, Yoshihiro; Ohno, Yoshio; Horiguchi, Yutaka; Namiki, Kazunori; Nakashima, Jun; Tachibana, Masaaki
To examine biochemical recurrence after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy in Japanese patients, and to develop a risk stratification model for biochemical recurrence. The study cohort consisted of 784 patients with localized prostate cancer who underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy without neoadjuvant or adjuvant endocrine therapy. The relationships of biochemical recurrence with perioperative findings were evaluated. The prognostic factors for biochemical recurrence-free survival were evaluated using Cox proportional hazard model analyses. During the follow-up period, 80 patients showed biochemical recurrence. The biochemical recurrence-free survival rates at 1, 3, and 5 years were 92.2%, 85.2% and 80.1%, respectively. In univariate analysis, the prostate-specific antigen level, prostate-specific antigen density, biopsy Gleason score, percent positive core, pathological T stage, pathological Gleason score, lymphovascular invasion, perineural invasion and positive surgical margin were significantly associated with biochemical recurrence. In multivariate analysis, prostate-specific antigen density ≥0.4 (P = 0.0011), pathological T stage ≥3a (P = 0.002), pathological Gleason score ≥8 (P = 0.007) and positive surgical margin (P biochemical recurrence. The patients were stratified into three risk groups according to these factors. The 5-year biochemical recurrence-free survival rate was 89.4% in the low-risk group, 65.6% in the intermediate-risk group and 30.3% in the high-risk group. The prostate-specific antigen density, pathological T stage, pathological Gleason score and positive surgical margin were independent prognostic factors for biochemical recurrence. The risk stratification model developed using these four factors could help clinicians identify patients with a poor prognosis who might be good candidates for clinical trials of alternative management strategies. © 2014 The Japanese Urological Association.
Ramasundaram, Madhu; Sundaram, Jegadeesh; Agarwal, Prakash; Bagdi, Raj Kishore; Bharathi, Selvapriya; Arora, Apurva
Aims: To retrospectively analyse the results of laparoscopically-assisted anorectal pull-through (LAARP) for high anorectal malformation (ARM) in male children in our institution. Materials and Methods: We analysed the hospital records of patients who had undergone LAARP from October 2010 to December 2015 in terms of age, operative time, length of hospital stay and post-operative complications. Results: Of 17 cases, 13 (76%) were in 6–12 months age group, whereas rest of them were in 12–18 months age group. The recto-prostatic urethral fistula was encountered in 82% (n = 14) of patients and rectovesical type in two cases (12%). The mean operative time was 132 min with mean length of hospital stay being 4 days. Rectal mucosal prolapse was the most common complication noted. Conclusions: LAARP is a feasible approach to male children with high ARMs with less post-operative morbidity. PMID:28695882
Abdominoperineal resection (APR) of anorectal cancers after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy may incur significant perineal morbidity. While vertical rectus abdominis muscle (V-RAM) flaps can fill the pelvic resection space with health tissue, their use has previously been described predominantly in association with laparotomy. Here, we describe a means of combination laparoscopic APR with V-RAM flap reconstruction that allows structural preservation of the entire abdominal wall throughout the oncological resection and of the deep parietal layers after V-RAM donation. Furthermore, a single port access device used at the end colostomy site allows a second senior surgeon assist with an additional two working instruments for the purpose of improved pelvic tissue retraction, especially useful in obese patients.
Mauffrey, C; Hake, M; Kim, F J
The gold standard for fractures of the acetabulum is to perform an open reduction and internal fixation in order to achieve anatomical reduction. In a well-defined subset of patients, percutaneous techniques may be employed but achieving reduction by closed means can be challenging especially for fractures with large degrees of displacement. Such patient may include elderly patients who may not have the physiologic reserve to withstand open approaches. In our paper, we present a new option using laparoscopic assisted reduction of the acetabular fracture and percutaneous fixation. The young obese patient refused all forms of blood products transfusion and presented with a displaced transverse posterior wall fracture. While we do not recommend routine use of such technique and recognize its numerous limitations, we present it as an alternative strategy in a small subset of patients. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Autorino, Riccardo; Eden, Christopher; El-Ghoneimi, Alaa; Guazzoni, Giorgio; Buffi, Nicolòmaria; Peters, Craig A; Stein, Robert J; Gettman, Matthew
Over the last two decades, minimally invasive treatment options for ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) have been developed and popularized. To critically analyze the current status of laparoscopic and robotic repair of UPJO. A systematic literature review was performed in November 2012 using PubMed. Article selection proceeded according to the search strategy based on Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses criteria. Multiple series of laparoscopic pyeloplasty have demonstrated high success rates and low perioperative morbidity in pediatric and adult populations, with both the transperitoneal and retroperitoneal approaches. Data on pediatric robot-assisted pyeloplasty are increasingly becoming available. A larger number of cases have also been reported for adult patients, confirming that robotic pyeloplasty represents a viable option for either primary or secondary repair. Robot-assisted redo pyeloplasty has been mostly described in the pediatric population. Different technical variations have been implemented with the aim of tailoring the procedure to each specific case. The type of stenting, retrograde versus antegrade, continues to be debated. Internal-external stenting as well as a stentless approach have been used, especially in the pediatric population. Comparative studies demonstrate similar success and complication rates between minimally invasive and open pyeloplasty in both the adult and pediatric setting. A clear advantage in terms of hospital stay for minimally invasive over open pyeloplasty was observed only in the adult population. Laparoscopy represents an efficient and effective less invasive alternative to open pyeloplasty. Robotic pyeloplasty is likely to emerge as the new minimally invasive standard of care whenever robotic technology is available because its precise suturing and shorter learning curve represent unique attractive features. For both laparoscopy and robotics, the technique can be tailored to the
Zhou, Ping-Hong; Yao, Li-Qing; Qin, Xin-Yu; Cai, Ming-Yan; Xu, Mei-Dong; Zhong, Yun-Shi; Chen, Wei-Feng; Zhang, Yi-Qun; Qin, Wen-Zheng; Hu, Jian-Wei; Liu, Jing-Zheng
This study was designed to evaluate the clinical efficacy, safety, and feasibility of endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFR) for gastric submucosal tumors (SMTs) originated from the muscularis propria. Twenty-six patients with gastric SMTs originated from the muscularis propria were treated by EFR between July 2007 and January 2009. EFR technique consists of five major procedures: (1) injecting normal saline into the submucosa and precutting the mucosal and submucosal layer around the lesion; (2) a circumferential incision as deep as muscularis propria around the lesion by the endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) technique; (3) incision into serosal layer around the lesion with Hook knife; (4) completion of full-thickness incision to the tumor including the serosal layer with Hook, IT, or snare by gastroscopy without laparoscopic assistance; (5) closure of the gastric-wall defect with metallic clips. EFR was successfully performed in all 26 patients without laparoscopic assistance. The complete resection rate was 100%, and the mean operation time was 105 (range, 60-145) min. The mean resected lesion size was 2.8 (range, 1.2-4.5) cm. Pathological diagnosis of these lesions included gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) (16/26), leiomyomas (6/26), glomus tumors (3/26), and Schwannoma (1/26). No gastric bleeding, peritonitis sign, or abdominal abscess occurred after EFR. No lesion residual or recurrence was found during the follow-up period (mean, 8 months; range, 6-24 months). EFR seems to be an efficacious, safe, and minimally invasive treatment for patients with gastric SMT, which makes it possible to resect deep gastric lesion and provide precise pathological diagnosis of it. With the development of EFR, the indication of endoscopic resection may be expanded.
Groenman, Freek; Nikkels, Charlotte; Huirne, Judith; van Trotsenburg, Mick; Trum, Hans
Gender-affirming surgeries in female-to-male (FtM) transgender patients include mostly hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and mastectomy. Sometimes further surgery is performed, such as phalloplasty. Colpectomy may be performed to overcome gender dysphoria and disturbing vaginal discharge; furthermore, it may be important in reducing the risk of fistulas due to the phalloplasty procedure with urethral elongation. Colpectomy prior to the reconstruction of the neourethra seems to reduce fistula rates on the very first anastomosis. Therefore, at our center, colpectomy has become a standard procedure prior to phalloplasty and metoidioplasty with urethral elongation. Colpectomy is known as a procedure with potentially serious complications, e.g., extensive bloodloss, vesicovaginal fistula or rectovaginal fistula. Colpectomy performed via the vaginal route can be a challenging procedure due to lack of exposure of the surgical field, as many patients are virginal. Therefore, we investigated whether robot-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (TLH-BSO) followed by robot-assisted laparoscopic colpectomy (RaLC) is an alternative for the vaginal approach. Robot TLH/BSO and RaLC as a single-step procedure was performed in 36 FtM patients in a prospective cohort study. Median length of the procedure was 230 min (197-278), which reduced in the second half of the patients, median blood loss was 75 mL (30-200), and median discharge was 3 days (2-3) postoperatively. One patient with a major complication (postoperative bleeding with readmission and transfusion) was reported. To our knowledge, this is the first report of RaLC. Our results show that RaLC combined with robot TLH-BSO is feasible as a single-step surgical procedure in FtM transgender surgery. Future studies are needed to compare this technique to the two-step surgical approach and on its outcome and complication rates of subsequent phalloplasty.
Full Text Available We describe a simple and feasible procedure for single-incision laparoscopic repair of a pediatric epigastric hernia using a novel suture-assisting needle. A multichannel port was inserted through the umbilical vertical incision. After the orifice of the hernia was identified, a suture-assisting needle, which can hold a suture at its tip, with a 2-0 thread was pierced through the skin into one side of the rectus muscle sheath into the abdominal cavity. Next, after releasing the thread, the needle was pulled out to the subcutis and pierced through another side of the rectus muscle sheath. The needle, grasping the thread again, was subsequently pulled out through the abdominal wall outside, and the thread was tied extracorporeally. This knot was buried subcutaneously. Operative procedures of single-incision laparoscopic repair of an epigastric hernia have become simple and feasible with the use of a novel suture-assisting needle with an excellent cosmetic result.
Deng, Haijun; Liu, Dong; Mao, Xiangming; Lan, Xiaoliang; Liu, Hao; Li, Guoxin
The current study sought to clarify the role of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE-5i) and a vacuum erection device (VED) in penile rehabilitation after laparoscopic nerve-preserving radical proctectomy (LNRP) for rectal cancer. Participants were assigned to one of the following arms-no-intervention, nightly use of sildenafil 25 mg for 3 months after surgery, or concurrent use of nightly sildenafil 25 mg/day for 3 months and a vacuum erection device (VED) 10 to 15 minutes/day for 3 months-in a nonrandomized fashion. All participants had a follow-up of over 12 months prospectively, and patients had baseline, 3-, 6-, and 12-month assessment based on the International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5). Seventy-one cases were included in final analyses. In the no-intervention group, the mean baseline IIEF-5 score of 21.9 decreased rapidly to 5.0 at 3 months ( p erectile function at 12 months.
Kim, Hee Youn; Lee, Dong Sup; Yoo, Je Mo; Lee, Joon Ho; Lee, Seung-Ju
To describe our technique for retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) and to present the perioperative outcomes of our retroperitoneal LRN series for large (>7 cm) solid renal tumors and to compare them with those of the transperitoneal approach. A retrospective chart review was performed for patients who had undergone LRN for a solid renal tumor greater than 7 cm in size on computed tomography (CT) scans between June 2008 and January 2016. Perioperative outcomes were compared between transperitoneal and retroperitoneal approaches. There were 30 cases in the transperitoneal approach group and 34 cases in the retroperitoneal group. The mean tumor size was 9.0 cm in the transperitoneal approach group and 10.3 cm in the retroperitoneal group (P = .494). In the retroperitoneal approach group, the operation time was shorter, estimated blood loss (EBL) was lower, and time to start diet was shorter (P Retroperitoneal LRN for a large (>7 cm) solid renal tumor demonstrated a superior result in terms of operation time, estimated blood loss, and time to start diet than transperitoneal LRN. Other perioperative outcomes and complication rate were comparable between the two approaches. We believe that with sufficient experience, retroperitoneal LRN may be an effective and safe procedure for large (>7 cm) solid renal tumors.
Richards, Kyle A; Kader, A Karim; Otto, Rick; Pettus, Joseph A; Smith, John J; Hemal, Ashok K
Open radical cystectomy (ORC) or minimally invasive radical cystectomy with pelvic lymph node (LN) dissection carries significant morbidity to the elderly because they often have several medical comorbidities that make a surgical approach more challenging. The objective of this study is to compare robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) and ORC in elderly patients. A prospective bladder cancer cystectomy database was queried to identify all patients age ≥75 years. A total of 20 patients were identified for each of the RARC and ORC cohorts. A retrospective analysis was performed on these 40 patients undergoing radical cystectomy for curative intent. Patients in both groups had comparable preoperative characteristics and demographics. Patients had significant medical comorbidities with 80% in each cohort having American Society of anesthesiologists classification of 3 and 50% having had previous abdominal surgery. Complete median operative times for RARC was 461 (interquartile range [IQR] 331, 554) vs 370 minutes for ORC (IQR 294, 460) (P=0.056); however, median blood loss for RARC was 275 mL (IQR 150, 450) vs 600 mL for ORC (IQR 500, 1925). The median hospital stay for RARC was 7 days (IQR 5, 8) vs 14.5 days for ORC (IQR 8, 22) (Pelderly patients, RARC can achieve similar perioperative outcomes without compromising pathologic outcomes, with less blood loss and shorter hospital stays. For an experienced robotic team, RARC should be considered in elderly patients because it may offer significant advantage with respect to perioperative morbidity over ORC.
Full Text Available Yongzhen Cui,1,2,* Cheng Li,3,* Zhongfa Xu,4 Yingming Wang,1,2 Yamei Sun,5 Huirong Xu,1 Zengjun Li,1 Yanlai Sun1 1Department of Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgery, Shandong Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, 2School of Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Jinan-Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, 3Department of President’s Office, Shandong Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, 4Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jinan, 5Department of Clinical Laboratory, Zhucheng People’s Hospital of Shandong Province, Zhucheng, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Objective: The aim of this meta-analysis is to provide recommendations for clinical practice and prevention of postoperative complications, such as circumferential resection margin (CRM involvement, and compare the amount of intraoperative bleeding, safety, operative time, recovery, outcomes, and clinical significance of robot-assisted and conventional laparoscopic procedures in anus-preserving rectal cancer. Methods: A literature search (PubMed was performed to identify biomedical research papers and abstracts of studies comparing robot-assisted and conventional laparoscopic procedures. We attempted to obtain the full-text link for papers published between 2000 and 2016, and hand-searched references for relevant literature. RevMan 5.3 software was used for the meta-analysis. Results: Nine papers (949 patients were eligible for inclusion; there were 473 patients (49.8% in the robotic group and 476 patients (50.2% in the laparoscopic group. According to the data provided in the literature, seven indicators were used to complete the evaluation. The results of the meta-analysis suggested that robot-assisted procedure was associated with lower intraoperative blood loss (mean difference
Conclusion: Robot-assisted LPN is feasible and may be a viable alternative to open or LPN in selected patients with small exophytic renal tumors. Compared with standard LPN, the robotic assisted LPN approach with precise renal reconstruction under a safe warm ischemia time is feasible and can be easily adopted by those with experience in robot-assisted surgery.
Zakhari, Andrew; Czuzoj-Shulman, Nicholas; Spence, Andrea R; Gotlieb, Walter H; Abenhaim, Haim A
The mainstay of treatment for uterine corpus cancer is surgical, and the gold standard approach has become minimally invasive surgery. The aim of this study is to compare the perioperative complications and demographics of patients 80 years old or more undergoing robotic and laparoscopic hysterectomy for uterine cancer. Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, we retrospectively identified all women aged 80 years or older who had hysterectomies for uterine cancer by either modality. The complication rates of surgery in both groups were adjusted for potential confounding and compared using logistic regression analyses. There were 915 women aged 80 years or older identified with uterine corpus cancer who had either laparoscopic or robotic surgery. Robotically treated patients were more likely to be obese (8.8% vs 3.5%) but were otherwise similar in terms of mean age, comorbidities, income, ethnicity, and insurance status. Those undergoing robotic surgery were less likely to have admissions beyond 3 days (29.0% vs 38.2%; adjusted odds ratio, 0.66; P robotic surgery is associated with a shorter hospital admission and a better complication profile than laparoscopy.
Full Text Available Introduction To investigate and highlight the effect of formaldehyde induced weight reduction in transurethral resection of prostate (TURP and radical robotically-assisted prostatectomy (RALP specimen as a result of standard chemical fixation. Materials and Methods 51 patients were recruited from January 2013 to June 2013 who either underwent a TURP (n=26 or RALP (n=25. Data was collected prospectively by the operating surgeon who measured the native, unfixed histology specimen directly after operation. The specimens were fixed in 10% Formaldehyde Solution BP and sent to the pathology laboratory where after sufficient fixation period was re-weighed. Results Overall mean age 64.78 years, TURP mean age 68.31 years RALP mean age 61.12years. We found that the overall prostatic specimen (n=51 weight loss after fixation was a mean of 11.20% (3.78 grams (p≤0.0001. Subgroup analysis of the native TURP chips mean weight was 16.15 grams and formalin treated mean weight was 14.00 grams (p≤0.0001. Therefore, TURP chips had a mean of 13.32 % (2.15 grams weight loss during chemical fixation. RALP subgroup unfixed specimen mean weight was 52.08 grams and formalin treated mean weight was 42.60 grams (p≤0.0001, a 19.32 % (9.48grams mean weight reduction. Conclusion It has not been known that prostatic chips and whole human radical prostatectomy specimen undergo a significant weight reduction. The practical significance of the accurate prostate weight in patient management may be limited, however, it is agreed that this should be recorded correctly, as data is potential interest for research purposes and vital for precise documentation.
Full Text Available We aimed to evaluate the role of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP in the management of high-risk prostate cancer (PCa, with a focus on oncological, functional and perioperative outcomes. Further, we also aimed to briefly describe our novel modification to conventional RARP that allows immediate organ retrieval and examination for intra-operative surgical margin assessment. A literature search of PubMed was performed for articles on the management of high-risk PCa. Papers written in English and concerning clinical outcomes following RARP for locally advanced and high-risk PCa were selected. Outcomes data from our own center were also included. A total of 10 contemporary series were evaluated. Biopsy Gleason score ≥ 8 was the most common cause for classification of patients into the high-risk PCa group. Biochemical failure rate, in the few series that looked at long-term follow-up, varied from 9% to 26% at 1 year. The positive surgical margin rate varied from 12% to 53.3%. Urinary continence rates varied from 78% to 92% at 1 year. The overall complication rates varied from 2.4% to 30%, with anastomotic leak and lymphocele being the most common complications. Long-term data on oncological control following RARP in high-risk patients is lacking. Short-term oncological outcomes and functional outcomes are equivalent to open radical prostatectomy (RP. Safety outcomes are better in patients undergoing RARP when compared with open RP. Improved tools for predicting the presence of organ-confined disease (OCD are available. High-risk patients with OCD would be ideal candidates for RARP and would benefit most from surgery alone.
Ihsan-Tasci, A; Simsek, A; Dogukan-Torer, M B; Sokmen, D; Sahin, S; Bitkin, A; Tugcu, V
We report the operative details and short term oncologic and functional outcome of the first 334 Robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy experiences for organ confined prostate cancer From August 2009 to December 2012, details of 334 consecutive patients were retrospectively analyzed. The analyzed parameters included: preoperative, per-operative characteristics, postoperative minor and major complications, positive surgical margin continence, potency, and biochemical progression at the follow-up period. The classical extrafascial, interfascial, intrafascial and fascia sparing radical prostatectomy were performed in 31, 41, 200, and 62 cases, respectively. The mean operation time was 213.8±90.1minutes, and the mean estimated blood loss was 116.1±58.9cc during operation. A nerve-sparing procedure was performed bilaterally in 198 (59.3%) cases and unilaterally in 126 (37.7%) cases. The catheter was removed on postoperative day 9, 1±1.9. Surgical margin was positive in 36 (10.7%) patients. The overall, pT2, pT3a and pT3b PSM rates were 8 (2.4%), 12 (3.6%), 16 (4.8%) respectively and PSM and BCR rates were not statistically different among four approach (P>.05). At the follow-up period, the continence rates were 74.4%, 80.4%, 80.5%, and 96.7% (P.05), in classic extrafascial, interfascial, intrafascial, and fascia sparing intrafascial prostatectomy, respectively. RARP is a safe and feasible technique in treatment of localized prostate cancer. Fascia sparing approach has better continence rate. This results need to be supported by new prospective, randomized studies. Copyright © 2013 AEU. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
Arora, Sohrab; Chun, Brian; Ahlawat, Rajesh K; Abaza, Ronney; Adshead, James; Porter, James R; Challacombe, Benjamin; Dasgupta, Prokar; Gandaglia, Giorgio; Moon, Daniel A; Yuvaraja, T B; Capitanio, Umberto; Larcher, Alessandro; Porpiglia, Francesco; Mottrie, Alexander; Bhandari, Mahendra; Rogers, Craig
To assess the incidence, and factors affecting conversion from robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) to radical nephrectomy. Between November 2014 and February 2017, 501 patients underwent attempted RAPN by 22 surgeons at 14 centers in nine countries within the Vattikuti Collaborative Quality Initiative database. Patients were permanently logged for RAPN prior to surgery and were analysed on an intention-to-treat basis. Multivariable logistic regression with backward stepwise selection of variables was done to assess the factors associated with conversion to radical nephrectomy. Overall conversion rate was 25/501 (4.99%). Patients converted to radical nephrectomy were older (median age [interquartile range] 66.0 [61.0-74.0] vs 59.0 [50.0-68.0], P=0.012), had higher body mass index (median 32.8 [24.9-40.9] vs. 27.8 [24.6-31.5] Kg/m2, P = 0.031), higher age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity score (median 6.0 [4.0-7.0] vs. 4.0 [3.0-5.0], P < 0.001), higher American Society of Anesthesiologists score (Score ≥3; 13/25 (52.0%) vs 130/476 (27.3%), P = 0.021), Preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (P=0.141), clinical tumor stage (P=0.145), tumor location (P=0.140), multifocality (P=0.483) and RENAL nephrometry score (P=0.125) were not significantly different between the groups. On multivariable analysis, independent predictors for conversion were BMI (odds ratio [95% CI]; 1.070 [1.018-1.124]; P = 0.007), and Charlson score (odds ratio [95% CI]; 1.459 [1.179-1.806]; P = 0.001). RAPN was associated with a low rate of conversion. Independent predictors of conversion were body mass index and Charlson score. Tumor factors such as clinical stage, location, multifocality, or RENAL score were not associated with increased risk of conversion. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Schiavina, Riccardo; Bianchi, Lorenzo; Borghesi, Marco; Dababneh, Hussam; Chessa, Francesco; Pultrone, Cristian Vincenzo; Angiolini, ANdrea; Gaudiano, Caterina; Porreca, Angelo; Fiorentino, Michelangelo; De Groote, Ruben; D'Hondt, Frederiek; De Naeyer, Geert; Mottrie, Alexandre; Brunocilla, Eugenio
To evaluate the impact of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) to guide the nerve sparing (NS) surgical plan in prostate cancer (PCa) patients referred to robot assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) Methods: 137 consecutive PCa patients were submitted to RARP between September 2016 and February 2017 at two high-volume European centers. Before RARP, each patient was referred to 1.5-T or 3.0 T mpMRI. NS was recorded as Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3 and Grade 4 according to Tewari et al.11 classification. A preliminary surgical plan to determinate the extent of NS approach was recorded basing on clinical data. The final surgical plan was re-assessed after mp-MRI revision. The appropriateness of surgical plan change was considered basing on the presence of ECE or positive surgical margins (PSMs) at level of NVBs area at final pathology. Furthermore, we analyzed a control group during the same period of 166 PCa patients referred to RARP in both institutions without preoperative mpMRI to assess the impact of the use of mpMRI on the surgical margins. Considering 137 patients with preoperative mpMRI, the mpMRI revision induced the main surgeon to change the NS surgical plan in 46.7% of cases on patient-based and 56.2% and on side-based analysis. The surgical plan change results equally assigned between the direction of more radical and less radical approach both on patient-based (54.7% vs. 54.3%) and on side-based levels (50% vs. 50%), resulting an overall appropriateness of 75%. Moreover, patients staged with mpMRI revealed significant lower overall PSMs as compared with control group with no mpMRI (12.4% vs. 24.1%; p≤0.01) Conclusions: MpMRI induces robotic surgeons to change the surgical plan in almost half of individuals thus tailoring the NS approach, without compromising the oncologic outcomes. Compared to patients treated without mpMRI, the use of preoperative mpMRI can significantly reduce the overall PSMs.
Eichel, Louis; Kim, Issac Y; Uribe, Carlos; Khonsari, Sephir; Basillote, Jay; Steward, Earl; Coad, James; Bischof, John; Rudie, Eric; Kluge, Stan; McDougall, Elspeth M; Clayman, Ralph V
Currently available minimally invasive renal tumor-ablation procedures include cryotherapy, radiofrequency ablation, and microwave thermotherapy. In this study, we investigated the ability of these three approaches to destroy experimental renal tumors in rabbits. The mechanism of potential tumor metastasis was also explored. The VX-2 tumor line is an aggressive rabbit epidermoid tumor with a high metastatic potential. An initial experiment comparing cooled-tip microwave thermotherapy with cryotherapy and radical nephrectomy for treatment of small VX-2 tumors revealed that all microwave-treated rabbits had local recurrence and that several also had diffuse intraperitoneal carcinomatosis. In view of these results, a second experiment was performed in which 45 New Zealand White rabbits were implanted laparoscopically with VX-2 xenografts underneath the kidney capsule and divided into five groups of 9 each. The test groups were microwave thermotherapy with a 3.5-mm cooled-tip probe, microwave thermotherapy with a 3.5-mm noncooled- tip probe, radiofrequency ablation with a 1.5-mm cooled-tip probe, radiofrequency ablation with a 1.5- mm non-cooled tip probe, and cryotherapy with a 2.3-mm cryoprobe. The control groups were five rabbits that were not treated, five rabbits with tumors that had the tumor pierced with a probe but were untreated, and five rabbits that underwent nephrectomy after piercing of the tumor. Treatment was initiated 5 days after tumor implantation. One month later, all animals were euthanized and autopsied. At 5 days after tumor implantation, laparoscopic inspection revealed no visible peritoneal metastases. At 1 month, in the cooled and non-cooled microwave-thermotherapy groups, carcinomatosis occurred in five and six of nine animals, respectively. In comparison, carcinomatosis was detected in two of nine animals in the cryotherapy group at autopsy. With respect to cooled and non-cooled radiofrequency ablation, carcinomatosis was observed in four of
Patel, Chirag B; Ragupathi, Madhu; Ramos-Valadez, Diego I; Haas, Eric M
Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery is an emerging modality in the field of minimally invasive colorectal surgery. However, there is a dearth of data comparing outcomes with other minimally invasive techniques. We present a 3-arm (conventional, hand-assisted, and robotic) matched-case analysis of intraoperative and short-term outcomes in patients undergoing minimally invasive colorectal procedures. Between August 2008 and October 2009, 70 robotic cases of the rectum and rectosigmoid were performed. Thirty of these were organized into triplets with conventional and hand-assisted cases based on the following 6 matching criteria: 1) surgeon; 2) sex; 3) body mass index; 4) operative procedure; 5) pathology; and 6) history of neoadjuvant therapy in malignant cases. Demographics, intraoperative parameters, and postoperative outcomes were assessed. Pathological outcomes were analyzed in malignant cases. Data were stratified by postoperative diagnosis and operative procedure. There was no significant difference in intraoperative complications, estimated blood loss (126.1 ± 98.5 mL overall), or postoperative morbidity and mortality among the groups. Robotic technique required longer operative time compared with conventional laparoscopic (P arm case-matched series, the robotic approach results in short-term outcomes comparable to conventional and hand-assisted laparoscopic approaches for benign and malignant diseases of the rectum and rectosigmoid. With 3-dimensional visualization, additional freedom of motion, and improved ergonomics, this enabling technology may play an important role when performing colorectal procedures involving the pelvic anatomy.
Mizuno, Kentaro; Kojima, Yoshiyuki; Kurokawa, Satoshi; Kamisawa, Hideyuki; Nishio, Hidenori; Moritoki, Yoshinobu; Nakane, Akihiro; Maruyama, Tetsuji; Okada, Atsushi; Kawai, Noriyasu; Tozawa, Keiichi; Kohri, Kenjiro; Yasui, Takahiro; Hayashi, Yutaro
Robotic-assisted procedures are gaining traction as a viable form of minimally invasive surgery in the field of reconstructive surgery. In this article, the aim is to present our initial experience and clinical outcomes of robot-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty (RAL-P). We performed RAL-P in 22 patients for the management of ureteropelvic junction obstruction between December 2012 and August 2015. The da Vinci® S surgical system was utilized for all cases. All procedures were performed via a transperitoneal approach. We assessed perioperative outcomes, and furthermore, compared between pediatric and adult patients undergoing this procedure. Dismembered procedures were performed in 19 patients. Three patients underwent Y-V plasty, and two patients who experienced failure during the primary pyeloplasty had to undergo reoperation. Although the console time for pediatric patients was significantly shorter than that of adults (123.1 ± 18.3, 162.4 ± 23.9 min, respectively, p Japan.
Full Text Available Background: Hysterectomy is the most frequently surgery done with robotic assistance in the world and has been widely studied since its emergence. The surgical outcomes of the robotic hysterectomy are similar to those obtained with other minimally invasive hysterectomy techniques (laparoscopic and vaginal and appear as a promising surgical technique in gynaecology surgery. The aim of this study was to observe the learning curve of robot-assisted hysterectomy in a French surgical center, and was to evaluate the impact of the surgical mentoring.Methods: We retrospectively collected the data from the files of the robot-assisted hysterectomies with the Da Vinci® Surgical System performed between March 2010 and June 2014 at the Foch hospital in Suresnes (France. We first studied the operative time according to the number of cases, independently of the surgeon to determine two periods: the initial learning phase (Phase 1 and the control of surgical skills phase (Phase 2. The phase was defined by mastering the basic surgical tasks. Secondarily we compared these two periods for operative time, blood losses, Body Mass Index (BMI, days of hospitalisations and uterine weight. We finally studied the difference of the learning curve between an experimented surgeon (S1 who practised the first the robot-assisted hysterectomies and a less experimented surgeon (S2 who first assisted S1 and then operated on his own patients.Results: 154 robot-assisted hysterectomies were analysed. 20 procedures were necessary to access to the control of surgical skills phase. There was a significant decrease of the operative time between the learning phase (156.8 minutes compared to the control of surgical skills phase (125.8 minutes, p=0.003. No difference between these two periods for blood losses, BMI, days of hospitalisations and uterine weight were demonstrated. The learning curve of S1 showed 20 procedures to master the robot-assisted hysterectomies with a significant
Favre, Angeline; Huberlant, Stephanie; Carbonnel, Marie; Goetgheluck, Julie; Revaux, Aurelie; Ayoubi, Jean Marc
Hysterectomy is the most frequent surgery done with robotic assistance in the world and has been widely studied since its emergence. The surgical outcomes of the robotic hysterectomy are similar to those obtained with other minimally invasive hysterectomy techniques (laparoscopic and vaginal) and appear as a promising surgical technique in gynecology surgery. The aim of this study was to observe the learning curve of robot-assisted hysterectomy in a French surgical center, and was to evaluate the impact of the surgical mentoring. We retrospectively collected the data from the files of the robot-assisted hysterectomies with the Da Vinci ® Surgical System performed between March 2010 and June 2014 at the Foch hospital in Suresnes (France). We first studied the operative time according to the number of cases, independently of the surgeon to determine two periods: the initial learning phase (Phase 1) and the control of surgical skills phase (Phase 2). The phase was defined by mastering the basic surgical tasks. Secondarily, we compared these two periods for operative time, blood losses, body mass index (BMI), days of hospitalizations, and uterine weight. We, finally, studied the difference of the learning curve between an experimented surgeon (S1) who practiced first the robot-assisted hysterectomies and a less experimented surgeon (S2) who first assisted S1 and then operated on his own patients. A total of 154 robot-assisted hysterectomies were analyzed. Twenty procedures were necessary to access to the control of surgical skills phase. There was a significant decrease of the operative time between the learning phase (156.8 min) compared to the control of surgical skills phase (125.8 min, p = 0.003). No difference between these two periods for blood losses, BMI, days of hospitalizations and uterine weight was demonstrated. The learning curve of S1 showed 20 procedures to master the robot-assisted hysterectomies with a significant decrease of the operative
Full Text Available Open radical cystectomy (ORC is the gold standard treatment option for muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma. However, evolution is still going on. Nowadays, there is a growing interest for laparoscopic (LRC and robotic-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC as well as in kidney and prostate procedures. In the European Urology Association (EAU guidelines, LRC or RARC are still accepted as investigational options. This remarkable study presented long-term oncological results after LRC. In this multicentric study, 503 patients were included with a mean age of 68 years and median follow-up of 50 months. In previous studies with LRC, patients were younger and with lower stage of disease which was accepted as a bias in reviews. Pathological stage distribution was about 1/3 for groups except pT4 (9%. Median number of retrieved lymph nodes was 14. Although extent of lymphadenectomy in this study was not same between centers and it should be a limitation; median number of nodes was acceptable according to the EAU guidelines (<10. Bricker technique was the most urinary diversion type in this study (69%. The most interesting part in this study was elevated complications. 60 patients (12% were re-operated within first 30 days. Minor complication rate was 36% (Clavien 1+2. Major complication rate was similar with ORC studies. Conversion rate was 3.4%. Overall positive surgical margin rate was 5.8% (29 patients while it was a little bit high in pT2b disease (3 of 29. This result should be questioned. It might be explained by ‘learning curve’. Techniques were not standardized between centers although experienced surgeons were in the study. This was one of the limitations of this study. Global recurrence-free survival (RFS, cancer-specific survival (CSS and overall survival (OS9 rates at five years were 66%, 75% and 62%, respectively. These results were comparable with open series in the literature. Lack of randomization is another limitation. All patients had a
Haga, Nobuhiro; Takinami, Ruriko; Tanji, Ryo; Onagi, Akifumi; Matsuoka, Kanako; Koguchi, Tomoyuki; Akaihata, Hidenori; Hata, Junya; Ogawa, Soichiro; Kataoka, Masao; Sato, Yuichi; Ishibashi, Kei; Aikawa, Ken; Kojima, Yoshiyuki
Abstract Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) has enabled steady and stable surgical procedures due to both meticulous maneuvers and magnified, clear, 3-dimensional vision. Therefore, better surgical outcomes have been expected with RARP than with other surgical modalities. However, even in the RARP era, post-prostatectomy incontinence has a relatively high incidence as a bothersome complication. To overcome post-prostatectomy incontinence, it goes without saying that meticulous surgical procedures and creative surgical procedures, i.e., “Preservation”, “Reconstruction”, and “Reinforcement” of the anatomical structures of the pelvis, are most important. In addition, medication and appropriate pad usage might sometimes be helpful for patients with post-prostatectomy incontinence. However, patients who have 1) BMI > 26 kg/m2, 2) prostate volume > 70 mL, 3) eGFR 2 have a tendency to develop post-prostatectomy incontinence despite undergoing the same surgical procedures. It is important for patients who have a high risk for post-prostatectomy incontinence to be given information about delayed recovery of post-prostatectomy incontinence. Thus, not only the surgical procedures, but also a comprehensive approach, as mentioned above, are important for post-prostatectomy incontinence. PMID:28747618
Skarecky, Douglas; Gordon, Adam; Babaian, Kara N; Dhaliwal, Harleen; Morales, Blanca; Ahlering, Thomas E
Longitudinal assessment of prostatic obstruction has historically been assessed with urinary peak flow rates (PFR). In this observational study, we assess the impact of prostate removal on preoperative and postoperative PFRs after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). A single surgeon (TA) performed RARPs between 2002 and 2007. Men underwent routine preoperative uroflowmetric testing: 550 qualified for analysis with a sufficient voided volume (VV) of 150 mL preoperatively and at least once postoperatively. Continence and self-assessed American Urological Association (AUA) symptom and urinary quality of life (QoL) questionnaires were queried. Uroflows were analyzed preoperatively, short-term (3-15 mos), long-term (>2 y), and by age decades, lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) groups, and pathologic weight cohorts. AUA and QoL scores improved from 8.1 and 1.6 at baseline to 4.4 and 1.0 at intermediate-term follow-up, P5 years follow- up (all P5 years (P50%) by 3 months. After RARP, the average PFR was reset to 25-30 mL/s, and these results were seen across all age, LUTS, and prostate weight groups; the gains remained stable 2 to 4 years after operation.
Iizuka, J; Hashimoto, Y; Kondo, T; Takagi, T; Inui, M; Nozaki, T; Omoto, K; Shimizu, T; Ishida, H; Tanabe, K
The purpose of this study was to present our experience with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) for localized prostate cancer in renal transplant recipients (RTRs) and to determine the feasibility and efficacy of RARP in these patients. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 236 patients who underwent RARP for localized prostate cancer at our institution between August 2011 and July 2015 and identified 3 patients who were RTRs. We reviewed the available clinical data of the 3 patients. All patients underwent RARP successfully without any major complications. The mean operation time was 162 minutes (range, 127-195 minutes). The mean estimated blood loss was 52 mL (range, 30-75 mL); therefore, the patients did not need any perioperative blood transfusion. In all cases, graft function, as determined according to the serum creatinine level, was stable during and after the operation. Pathological examination showed negative surgical margins with organ-confined disease in all patients. We reported 3 RTRs with localized prostate cancer who were treated with RARP. RARP might be a feasible and effective minimally invasive technique for the treatment of localized prostate cancer in carefully selected RTRs. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Full Text Available Urinary incontinence after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP is one of the most bothersome complications affecting patients' daily lives. The efficacy of the bladder neck plication stitch technique in promoting an earlier return of continence was prospectively evaluated in 158 patients who underwent RARP for clinically localized prostate cancer by a single surgeon at our institute from March 2012 to January 2013. Patients were randomized 1:1 to undergo surgery with (n = 79 or without (n = 79 the bladder neck plication stitch, and their time to recovery from incontinence, defined as being pad free, was compared. Recovery from incontinence at 1, 3, and 6 months were observed in 22 (27.8%, 42 (53.2%, and 57 (72.2% patients, respectively, treated with, and 23 (29.1%, 47 (59.5%, and 59 (74.7% patients, respectively, treated without the bladder neck plication stitch, with no significant difference in time to recovery from incontinence between the two groups. Multivariate analysis showed that age, membranous urethral length and shape of the prostatic apex on magnetic resonance imaging were independent predictors of early recovery from urinary incontinence after RARP. The bladder neck plication stitch had no effect on time to recovery from postoperative urinary incontinence following RARP.
Haga, Nobuhiro; Takinami, Ruriko; Tanji, Ryo; Onagi, Akifumi; Matsuoka, Kanako; Koguchi, Tomoyuki; Akaihata, Hidenori; Hata, Junya; Ogawa, Soichiro; Kataoka, Masao; Sato, Yuichi; Ishibashi, Kei; Aikawa, Ken; Kojima, Yoshiyuki
Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) has enabled steady and stable surgical procedures due to both meticulous maneuvers and magnified, clear, 3-dimensional vision. Therefore, better surgical outcomes have been expected with RARP than with other surgical modalities. However, even in the RARP era, post-prostatectomy incontinence has a relatively high incidence as a bothersome complication. To overcome post-prostatectomy incontinence, it goes without saying that meticulous surgical procedures and creative surgical procedures, i.e., "Preservation", "Reconstruction", and "Reinforcement" of the anatomical structures of the pelvis, are most important. In addition, medication and appropriate pad usage might sometimes be helpful for patients with post-prostatectomy incontinence. However, patients who have 1) BMI > 26 kg/m2, 2) prostate volume > 70 mL, 3) eGFR 2 have a tendency to develop post-prostatectomy incontinence despite undergoing the same surgical procedures. It is important for patients who have a high risk for post-prostatectomy incontinence to be given information about delayed recovery of post-prostatectomy incontinence. Thus, not only the surgical procedures, but also a comprehensive approach, as mentioned above, are important for post-prostatectomy incontinence.
Near-infrared fluorescence cholangiography assisted laparoscopic cholecystectomy versus conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (FALCON trial) : study protocol for a multicentre randomised controlled trial
van den Bos, Jacqueline; Schols, Rutger M.; Luyer, Misha D.; van Dam, Ronald M.; Vahrmeijer, Alexander L.; Meijerink, Wilhelmus J.; Gobardhan, Paul D.; van Dam, Gooitzen M.; Bouvy, Nicole D.; Stassen, Laurents P. S.
Introduction: Misidentification of the extrahepatic bile duct anatomy during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the main cause of bile duct injury. Easier intraoperative recognition of the biliary anatomy may be accomplished by using near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging after an intravenous
Near-infrared fluorescence cholangiography assisted laparoscopic cholecystectomy versus conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (FALCON trial): study protocol for a multicentre randomised controlled trial
Bos, J.; Schols, R.M.; Luyer, M.D.; Dam, R.M. van; Vahrmeijer, A.L.; Meijerink, W.J.H.J.; Gobardhan, P.D.; Dam, G.M. van; Bouvy, N.D.; Stassen, L.P.
INTRODUCTION: Misidentification of the extrahepatic bile duct anatomy during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the main cause of bile duct injury. Easier intraoperative recognition of the biliary anatomy may be accomplished by using near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging after an intravenous
Watanabe, Toyohiko; Inoue, Miyabi; Ishii, Ayano; Yamato, Toyoko; Yamamoto, Masumi; Sasaki, Katsumi; Kobayashi, Yasuyuki; Araki, Motoo; Uehara, Shinya; Saika, Takashi; Kumon, Hiromi
Polypropylene mesh implants for the correction of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) are now available in Japan. We developed an innovative approach for correcting POP by placing polypropylene mesh transvaginally with laparoscopic assistance. From June 2007 through March 2010, sixteen consecutive patients with symptomatic stage 2 or 3 pelvic organ prolapse underwent the laparoscopic-assisted tension-free vaginal mesh procedure at Okayama University Hospital. All patients were evaluated before and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. Female sexual function was also evaluated with the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). The procedure was performed successfully without significant complications. Fifteen of 16 patients were considered anatomically cured (93.8%) at 12 months postoperatively. One patient with a recurrent stage 3 vaginal vault prolapse required sacral colpopexy six months postoperatively. Total FSFI scores improved significantly from 10.3 ± 1.3 at baseline to 18.0 ± 1.2 at 12 months after surgery. The laparoscopic-assisted trans-vaginal mesh is a safe, effective, and simple procedure for POP repairs. The procedure not only restores anatomic relationships but also improves sexual function.
Manash Ranjan Sahoo
Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of early rehabilitation after surgery program (ERAS in patients undergoing laparoscopic assisted total gastrectomy. Materials And Methods: This is a study where 47 patients who are undergoing lap assisted total gastrectomy are selected. Twenty-two (n = 22 patients received enhanced recovery programme (ERAS management and rest twenty-five (n = 25 conventional management during the perioperative period. The length of postoperative hospital stay, time to passage of first flatus, intraoperative and postoperative complications, readmission rate and 30 day mortality is compared. Serum levels of C-reactive protein pre-operatively and also on post-op day 1 and 3 are compared. Results: Postoperative hospital stay is shorter in ERAS group (78 ± 26 h when compared to conventional group (140 ± 28 h. ERAS group passed flatus earlier than conventional group (37 ± 9 h vs. 74 ± 16 h. There is no significant difference in complications between the two groups. Serum levels of CRP are significantly low in ERAS group in comparison to conventional group. [d1 (52.40 ± 10.43 g/L vs. (73.07 ± 19.32 g/L, d3 (126.10 ± 18.62 g/L vs. (160.72 ± 26.18 g/L]. Conclusion: ERAS in lap-assisted total gastrectomy is safe, feasible and efficient and it can ameliorate post-operative stress and accelerate postoperative rehabilitation in patients with gastric cancer. Short term follow up results are encouraging but we need long term studies to know its long term benefits.
Wang, Myra; Xie, Xuanqian; Wells, David; Higgins, Caroline
Background Prostate cancer is the second most common type of cancer in Canadian men. Radical prostatectomy is one of the treatment options available, and involves removing the prostate gland and surrounding tissues. In recent years, surgeons have begun to use robot-assisted radical prostatectomy more frequently. We aimed to determine the clinical benefits and harms of the robotic surgical system for radical prostatectomy (robot-assisted radical prostatectomy) compared with the open and laparoscopic surgical methods. We also assessed the cost-effectiveness of robot-assisted versus open radical prostatectomy in patients with clinically localized prostate cancer in Ontario. Methods We performed a literature search and included prospective comparative studies that examined robot-assisted versus open or laparoscopic radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer. The outcomes of interest were perioperative, functional, and oncological. The quality of the body of evidence was examined according to the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) Working Group criteria. We also conducted a cost–utility analysis with a 1-year time horizon. The potential long-term benefits of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy for functional and oncological outcomes were also evaluated in a 10-year Markov model in scenario analyses. In addition, we conducted a budget impact analysis to estimate the additional costs to the provincial budget if the adoption of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy were to increase in the next 5 years. A needs assessment determined that the published literature on patient perspectives was relatively well developed, and that direct patient engagement would add relatively little new information. Results Compared with the open approach, we found robot-assisted radical prostatectomy reduced length of stay and blood loss (moderate quality evidence) but had no difference or inconclusive results for functional and oncological outcomes
Feb 23, 2015 ... sites completely healed and histology result confirmed. Leiomyoma Uteri. Discussion. Advances in hysterectomy range from laparoscopic‑assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH), total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH), LSCH and more recently robotic. TLH. Literature on laparoscopic hysterectomy in Nigeria.
Tuğcu, Volkan; Akça, Oktay; Şimşek, Abdulmuttalip; Yiğitbaşı, İsmail; Şahin, Selçuk; Taşçı, Ali İhsan
Minimally invasive techniques are increasingly evolving and preferred to reduce surgical induced morbidity and mortality and minimize the challenges of surgical techniques. Especially radical perineal prostatectomy (RPP) includes some challenges like working in a deep and narrow space and challenging ergonomics for the surgeons. Because of these issues open RPP is still performed in experienced centers. In order to reduce these difficulties, robot- assisted radical perineal prostatectomy (r-RPP) is developed. In this study, we report our first clinical results for r-RPP. Between November 2016 and February 2017, 15 patients underwent r-RPP in our center. Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging was performed for all patients to exclude locally advanced disease. The patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and locally advanced prostate cancer were not chosen for r-RPP method. The patient was positioned in the exaggerated lithotomy with 15 degrees of Trendelenburg position. After incision and dissection of subcutaneous tissue, dissection was advanced to the margin of posterior recto-urethral muscle fibers. Then a GelPOINT® device was placed and robotic system was docked. The mean age of the patients was 60.2±7.8 years. The mean body mass index of the patients was 28.8±1.9 kg/m2. Four patients had previous major abdominal surgeries. Preoperative mean prostate specific antigen value was 7.3±2.4 ng/mL. The mean prostate volume was 40.8±12.4 cc. Mean perineal dissection time was 60±10.1 minutes. Mean console time and total operation time was 95±11.3 and 167±37.4 minutes, respectively. The mean time of postoperative catheterization was 8.3±1.7 days. Early continence rate was 40% after urethral catheter removal and at 3rd month of the surgery mean continence rate was 94% for all patients. We demonstrate that r-RPP is a feasible and efficient method. But still this method needs for further studies in this area.
Basal, Seref; Wambi, Chris; Acikel, Cengizhan; Gupta, Mantu; Badani, Ketan
WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: Removing of prostate for the treatment of localized prostate cancer is associated with a variable loss of erectile function due to injury of the nerves of erection during operation. Some researchers have reported that after nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy (RP), the natural recovery time of erectile function is at least 2 years. Factors such as thermal damage, ischaemic injury, mechanically induced nerve stretching and the local inflammatory effects of surgical trauma may also impair the cavernous nerves during RP. The concept of penile rehabilitation was first studied by Montorsi et al. in 1997. They showed that the use of any drug or device at or after RP could maximize the recovery of erectile function. Penile rehabilitation programmes (PRPs) with vasoactive agents, such as oral phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE5Is), intraurethral and intracavernosal vasoactive agents, and vacuum erection devices (VEDs) can protect erectile tissue integrity and prevent corporal smooth muscle atrophy and diminish collagen formation. The present findings are consistent with previous reports that PRPs have a significant beneficial effect on early erectile function recovery and that preoperative erectile function is one of the important predictors of erectile function after RP. Patients can be referred for penile rehabilitation if they have any degree of erectile function (mild, moderate or normal) before operation. We also showed that the combination of PDE5Is and VEDs for PRPs offers the shortest erectile function recovery period. To define the optimal penile rehabilitation programme (PRP) based on preoperative Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) scores after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). The medical records of 203 patients who underwent bilateral nerve-sparing RARP between 2007 and 2011 were reviewed for the present retrospective study. According to patients' preoperative erection status, group 1
Quality of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy in developing countries: a comparison of surgical and oncologic outcomes between a comprehensive cancer center in the United States and a cancer center in Colombia.
Pareja, Rene; Nick, Alpa M; Schmeler, Kathleen M; Frumovitz, Michael; Soliman, Pamela T; Buitrago, Carlos A; Borrero, Mauricio; Angel, Gonzalo; Reis, Ricardo Dos; Ramirez, Pedro T
To help determine whether global collaborations for prospective gynecologic surgery trials should include hospitals in developing countries, we compared surgical and oncologic outcomes of patients undergoing laparoscopic radical hysterectomy at a large comprehensive cancer center in the United States and a cancer center in Colombia. Records of the first 50 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic radical hysterectomy at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston (between April 2004 and July 2007) and the first 50 consecutive patients who underwent the same procedure at the Instituto de Cancerología-Clínica las Américas in Medellín (between December 2008 and October 2010) were retrospectively reviewed. Surgical and oncologic outcomes were compared between the 2 groups. There was no significant difference in median patient age (US 41.9 years [range 23-73] vs. Colombia 44.5 years [range 24-75], P=0.09). Patients in Colombia had a lower median body mass index than patients in the US (24.4 kg/m(2) vs. 28.7 kg/m(2), P=0.002). Compared to patients treated in Colombia, patients who underwent surgery in the US had a greater median estimated blood loss (200 mL vs. 79 mL, P<0.001), longer median operative time (328.5 min vs. 235 min, P<0.001), and longer postoperative hospital stay (2 days vs. 1 day, P<0.001). Surgical and oncologic outcomes of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy were not worse at a cancer center in a developing country than at a large comprehensive cancer center in the United States. These results support consideration of developing countries for inclusion in collaborations for prospective surgical studies. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Yumioka, Tetsuya; Iwamoto, Hideto; Masago, Toshihiko; Morizane, Shuichi; Yao, Akihisa; Honda, Masashi; Muraoka, Kuniyasu; Sejima, Takehiro; Takenaka, Atsushi
To evaluate the influence of prior abdominal surgery on surgical outcomes of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy in an early single center experience in Japan. We reviewed medical records of patients with localized prostate cancer who underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy from October 2010 to September 2013 at Tottori University Faculty of Medicine, Yonago, Tottori, Japan. Patients with prior abdominal surgery were compared with those with no prior surgery with respect to total operative time, port-insertion time, console time, positive surgical margin and perioperative complication rate. Furthermore, the number of patients requiring minimal adhesion lysis was compared between the two groups. Of 150 patients who underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy, 94 (63%) had no prior abdominal surgery, whereas 56 patients (37%) did. The mean total operative time was 329 and 333 min (P = 0.340), mean port insertion time was 40 and 34.5 min (P = 0.003), mean console time was 255 and 238 min (P = 0.145), a positive surgical margin was observed in 17.9% and 17.0% patients (P = 0.896), and the incidence of perioperative complications was 25% and 23.4% (P = 0.825), respectively, in those with and without prior abdominal surgery. In the prior abdominal surgery group, 48 patients (80.4%) required adhesion lysis at the time of trocar placement or while operating the robotic console. Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy appears to be a safe approach for patients with prior abdominal surgery without increasing total operative time, robotic console time, positive surgical margin or the incidence of perioperative complications. © 2014 The Japanese Urological Association.
Fode, Mikkel; Pedersen, Gyrithe L; Azawi, Nessn
Between 2012 and 2014, nine consecutive patients with symptomatic urachal remnants were treated at Roskilde Hospital, Denmark, with a robot-assisted laparoscopic en bloc resection of their urachal remnants with partial cystectomy and umbilectomy with primary umbilicoplasty. The objective of this study is to report surgical results and give recommendations for the management of urachal remnants. The patient group consisted of four women and five men with a median age of 59 years. Indications for surgery included bothersome umbilical secretion in two patients, and suspicion of malignancy in seven patients with unexplained haematuria. Three patients also suffered from recurrent urinary tract infections. Urachal remnants were confirmed on computed tomography scans in all patients. The median surgical time was 120 min with no significant intraoperative problems. The surgical approach led to cosmetically satisfactory results in all patients. However, three patients suffered subsequent rupture of the fascia and one required an exploratory laparotomy to secure haemostasis of a bleeding spleen. Histology revealed a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma with negative surgical margins in one patient while no signs of malignancy were observed in the remaining eight patients. Umbilical secretion, haematuria and urinary infections subsided in all patients after the surgery. Based on these findings, it would be reasonable to offer surgery to patients with symptomatic urachal remnants. However, one should be aware that there is a significant risk of complications and that the risk of cancer seems to be limited.
Turchetti, Giuseppe; Pierotti, Francesca; Palla, Ilaria; Manetti, Stefania; Freschi, Cinzia; Ferrari, Vincenzo; Cuschieri, Alfred
Despite many publications reporting on the increased hospital cost of robotic-assisted surgery (RAS) compared to direct manual laparoscopic surgery (DMLS) and open surgery (OS), the reported health economic studies lack details on clinical outcome, precluding valid health technology assessment (HTA). The present prospective study reports total cost analysis on 699 patients undergoing general surgical, gynecological and thoracic operations between 2011 and 2014 in the Italian Public Health Service, during which period eight major teaching hospitals treated the patients. The study compared total healthcare costs of RAS, DMLS and OS based on prospectively collected data on patient outcome in addition to healthcare costs incurred by the three approaches. The cost of RAS operations was significantly higher than that of OS and DMLS for both gynecological and thoracic operations (p surgery RAS were significantly higher than those of OS (p surgery. Indirect costs were significantly lower in RAS compared to both DMLS general surgery and OS gynecological surgery due to the shorter length of hospital stay of RAS approach (p < 0.001). Additionally, in all specialties compared to OS, patients treated by RAS experienced a quicker recovery and significantly less pain during the hospitalization and after discharge. The present HTA while confirming higher total healthcare costs for RAS operations identified significant clinical benefits which may justify the increased expenditure incurred by this approach.
Torng, Pao-Ling; Chang, Wen-Chun; Hwang, Jing-Shiang; Hsu, Wen-Chiung; Wang, Jung-Der; Huang, Su-Cheng; Chen, Chen-Fang; Su, Ta-Chen
To assess uterine size, symptom severity, and hemoglobin level as determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in women subsequently undergoing laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH). Sixty-one consecutive women with uterine leiomyoma or adenomyosis undergoing LAVH were studied using a prospective cohort design. The Chinese version of the Uterine Fibroid Symptom and Quality of Life (UFS-QOL) questionnaire was assessed preoperatively. The Taiwan brief version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire and a self-assessment of the perceived health status were assessed preoperatively and 1 day, 1 week, 12 weeks, and 18 months postoperatively. Women with a greater uterine weight did not report a greater severity of symptoms than those with lower uterine weight. Women with more severe symptoms had lower preoperative hemoglobin levels and were usually younger. Their perceived health status and their scores in physical domain of WHOQOL-BREF were also significantly lower, indicating a poorer HRQOL. The mixed-effects model found that a normal (higher) baseline hemoglobin level and a greater symptom severity were associated with a significant improvement of HRQOL in the physical domain of WHOQOL-BREF following LAVH. Preoperative symptom severity, but not uterine weight, was associated with long-term improvement in HRQOL after LAVH. Women with severe symptoms could be considered for LAVH before development of anemia.
Schwentner, Christian; Sim, Allen; Balbay, Mevlana Derya; Todenhöfer, Tilman; Aufderklamm, Stefan; Halalsheh, Omar; Mischinger, Johannes; Böttge, Johannes; Rausch, Steffen; Bier, Simone; Stenzl, Arnulf; Gakis, Georgios; Canda, Abdullah Erdem
Robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) with intracorporeal diversion has been shown to be feasible in a few centers of excellence worldwide, with promising functional and oncologic outcomes. However, it remains unknown whether the complexity of the procedure allows its duplication in other non-pioneer centers. We attempt to address this issue by presenting our cumulative experience with RARC and intracorporeal neobladder formation. We retrospectively identified 62 RARCs in 50 men and 12 women (mean age 63.6 years) in two tertiary centers. Intracorporeal Studer neobladders were created, duplicating the steps of standard open surgery. Perioperative and postoperative variables and complications were analyzed using standardized tools. Functional and oncological results were assessed. The mean operative time was 476.9 min (range, 310 to 690) and blood loss was 385 ml (200 to 800). The mean hospital stay was 16.7 (12 to 62) days with no open conversion. Perioperative complications were grade II in 15, grade III in 11, and grade IV in 5 patients. The mean nodal yield was 22.9 (8 to 46). Positive margins were found in in 6.4%. The 90- and 180-day mortality rates were 0% and 3.3%. The average follow-up was 37.3 months (3 to 52). Continence was achieved in 88% of patients. The cancer-specific survival rate and overall survival rate were 84% and 71%, respectively. A RARC with intracorporeal neobladder creation is safe and reproducible in 'non-pioneer' tertiary centers with robotic expertise with acceptable operative time and complications. Further standardization of RARC with intracorporeal diversion is a prerequisite for its widespread use.
Sim, Allen; Balbay, Mevlana Derya; Todenhöfer, Tilman; Aufderklamm, Stefan; Halalsheh, Omar; Mischinger, Johannes; Böttge, Johannes; Rausch, Steffen; Bier, Simone; Stenzl, Arnulf; Gakis, Georgios; Schwentner, Christian; Canda, Abdullah Erdem
Robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) plus intracorporeal urinary diversion is feasible. Few centers worldwide demonstrated comparable functional and oncologic outcomes. We reported a large series of RARC and intracorporeal diversion to assess its feasibility and reproducibility. We identified 101 RARCs in 82 men and 19 women (mean age 68.3 years) from October 2009 to October 2014. The patients underwent RARC and pelvic lymphadenectomy followed by intracorporeal urinary diversion (ileal conduit/ neobladder). Out of the 101 patients, 28 (27.7%) received intracorporeal ileal conduits and 73 (72.3%) intracorporeal neobladders. Studer pouch was performed in all the patients who underwent intracorporeal neobladder formation. Perioperative, functional and oncologic results including CSS and OS are reported. Mean operative time was 402.3 minutes (205-690) and blood loss was 345.3 ml (50-1000). The mean hospital stay was 17.1 days (5-62). All the surgeries were completed with no open conversion. Minor complications (Grade I and II) were reported in 27.7% of patients while major complications (grade III and above) were reported in 36.6% of patients. The mean nodal yield was 20.6 (0-46). Positive ureteric margins were found in 8.9% of patients. The average follow-up was 27.5 months (1-52). Daytime continence could be achieved in 89.2% of patients who underwent intracorporeal neobladder. The 3-year cancer specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) was 80.2% and 69.8% respectively. RARC with intracorporeal diversion is safe and reproducible in 'non-pioneer' tertiary centers with robotic expertise having acceptable operative time and complications as well as comparable functional and oncologic outcomes.
Ahn, Jae Hyun; Lim, Choon Hak; Chung, Hye In; Choi, Seong Uk; Youn, Seung Zoo; Lim, Hae Ja
Pneumoperitoneum with an intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) of 14 mmHg is known to decrease renal function. Robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) requires an IAP of more than 15 mmHg for operation. Therefore, we retrospectively investigated whether patients who underwent RARP experienced renal insufficiency during the postoperative period (at postoperative days 7 and 30). One hundred patients who underwent RARP were enrolled in this study. Preoperative serum blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (Cr) levels were measured. Creatinine clearance (CrCl) was calculated using the Cockcroft and Gault formula. CrCl was calculated at 1 day before surgery (baseline), 2 hr postoperatively, and at 1, 3, 7, and 30 days postoperatively (POD 1, POD 3, POP 7, and POD 30). Patients were assigned to abnormal CrCl (n = 52) or normal CrCl groups (n = 48) on the basis of these measurements. Significant inter-group differences in BUN, Cr, and CrCl were observed at all postoperative time points. BUN and Cr decreased significantly at postoperative 2 hr and POD 1, 3, and 7 versus baseline in both groups, whereas CrCl increased significantly at postoperative 2 hr and POD 1, 3, and 7 versus baseline in both groups. However, BUN, Cr, and CrCl were similar at POD 30 and preoperatively in the two groups. RAPR, which requires an IAP of 15-20 mmHg for more than 4 hr, does not induce renal dysfunction during the postoperative period, and even in those patients with an abnormal CrCl.
Hashimoto, Takeshi; Yoshioka, Kunihiko; Gondo, Tatsuo; Ozu, Choichiro; Horiguchi, Yutaka; Namiki, Kazunori; Ohno, Yoshio; Ohori, Makoto; Nakashima, Jun; Tachibana, Masaaki
We investigated oncological outcomes in Japanese patients who underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). This study included 389 patients who underwent RARP at a single institution with a follow-up period of at least 1 year. Preoperative findings were compared with biochemical recurrence (BCR). Predictors of BCR-free survival (BCRFS) were evaluated by univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard model analyses, and a risk stratification model based on the relative risks of BCR was established. Fifty incidences of BCR were noted during a median follow-up period of 28.7 months (range, 12.1-80.0 months). The BCRFS rate for the entire cohort at the median follow-up time was 85.9 %; the 1-, 3-, and 5-year estimates were 91.0, 85.1, and 81.1 %, respectively. From univariate analyses, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), PSA density, biopsy Gleason score, and percent positive core were significantly associated with BCR. Multivariate analysis showed that PSA [hazard ratio (HR), 2.75; p = 0.001], percent positive core (HR, 2.22; p = 0.001), and biopsy Gleason score (HR, 2.61; p = 0.007) were independent predictors of BCR. This study at a single Japanese center demonstrates that RARP provides a satisfactory BCRFS rate. This report provides a framework with which to estimate oncological outcomes in patients who underwent RARP for localized prostate cancer. Our results support the increased use of RARP for the treatment of localized prostate cancer in Japan.
Skarecky, Douglas; Morales, Blanca; Chang, Alexandra; Ahlering, Thomas
After removal of the Foley catheter after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP), recovery of continence can take days to months. We sought to identify a simple means to predict time to recovery of postoperative continence. Preoperative characteristics on 172 men who were undergoing RARP were entered into an electronic database. All men were queried via telephone and/or returned a 7-day log of pad use. Men without need for pads were excluded (n=41). At 4 to 7 days, responses were grouped as: one pad (n=55), two pads (n=35), or three or more pads (n=41). Patients returned self-addressed postcards noting the date of 0-pad urinary status. Univariate and multivariate analysis of variables were assessed for ability to predict time to continence. No preoperative factors, such as age, International Index of Erectile Function-5, prostate-specific antigen level, American Urological Association symptom score, body mass index, uroflowmetry, nerve-sparing status, estimated blood loss, or prostate weight, were found to predict time to continence. Pad use at 4 to 7 days, however, was highly correlated with median time to continence. The median time to continence for men using one pad was 35 days, two pads was 42 days, and for three or more pads was 73 days (P=0.0001). As has been previously reported, we found no reliable baseline factors that predicted postoperative time to 0-pad continence. We did find that determining pad usage at 4 to 7 days after catheter removal strongly predicted time to pad-free continence. This method is simpler then pad weights, predicts high- and low-risk men for delayed continence, and can be used for counseling/intervention.
Sathianathen, Niranjan J; Lamb, Alastair D; Lawrentschuk, Nathan L; Goad, Jeremy R; Peters, Justin; Costello, Anthony J; Murphy, Declan G; Moon, Daniel A
This study aims to characterize the trends in disease presentation for robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) over a 12-year period in Melbourne, Australia. All patients undergoing an RARP between 2004 and October 2016 while under the care of six high-volume surgeons were included in this study. Data were collected prospectively regarding patient demographics and clinical details of their cancer. Over the 12-year time span of the study, 3075 men underwent an RARP with a median age of 63.01 years. Temporal analysis demonstrated that the median age of patients undergoing prostatectomy advanced with time with the median age in 2016 being 65.51 years compared with 61.0 years in 2004 (P < 0.001). There was also a significant trend to increased D'Amico risk groups over time with the percentage procedures for high-risk patients increasing from 12.6% to 28.10% from 2004 to 2016 (P < 0.001). Upgrade rates between biopsy and pathological Gleason grade scoring significantly trended down over the period of the study (P < 0.001). There was also a shift to increased pathological stage over the 12 years with 22.1% of men having T3 disease in 2004 compared with 49.8% in 2016. Our analysis demonstrates increasing treatment of older men with higher risk tumours, consistent with international trends. While this largely reflects a shift in case selection, further work is needed to assess whether the stage shift may relate partially to a decline in screening and increased presentation of higher risk disease. © 2017 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.
Johnston, William K; Linsell, Susan; Miller, David; Ghani, Khurshid R
Laparoscopic access for robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) is often initiated in the periumbilical location. Palmer's point, located in the left upper quadrant, has been reported as an alternative access site for pelvic laparoscopy to reduce morbidity, but not widely reported among urologists. To better understand surgeons' preferences for access and its associated morbidity during RARP, we surveyed surgeons from two urologic organizations. An anonymous online questionnaire (SurveyMonkey) consisting of 17 questions that assessed training, experience, and preferences for RARP was emailed in December 2014 and collected until February 2015 to members performing RARP of the Endourology Society (ES) and the Michigan Urological Society Improvement Collaborative (MUSIC). Surgeons were also asked to share their personal experience with a vascular, death or life-threatening event (DOLTE), or bowel injury during RARP. Questionnaires were answered by 111 surgeons in total (ES, n = 71 and MUSIC, n = 40) with an estimated total response rate of 5.5%. In total, 77% reported prior experience with the Veress needle method before exposure to RARP and 71% of respondents primarily use the Veress needle for RARP, with 73% reporting access primarily at the periumbilical location. A personal experience with a vascular or a bowel injury during Veress needle insertion was reported in 18% and 9% of surgeons, respectively; furthermore, 26% of respondents were personally aware of at least 1 DOLTE among colleagues (5% reported 3 or more). The majority (56%) of respondents were unaware of Palmer's point, while among the minority aware of Palmer's point, only 33% reported ever using this location. In this survey, surgeons most commonly access the abdomen at the periumbilical location with a Veress needle for RARP with the majority not aware or utilizing Palmer's point. Nearly one in five surgeons reported a personal experience with a vascular injury during access for RARP
Full Text Available Modern laparoscopic surgery is widely used throughout the world as it offers greater advantages than open procedures. The laparoscopic approach to hysterectomy has evolved over the last 20 years. Hysterectomies are performed abdominally, vaginally, laparoscopically or, more recently, with robotic assistance. Indications for a total laparoscopic hysterectomy are similar to those for total abdominal hysterectomy, and most commonly include uterine leiomyomata, pelvic organ prolapse, and abnormal uterine bleeding. When hysterectomy is going to be performed, the surgeon should decide which method is safer and more cost-effective. This paper aims to make a review of the indications, techniques and advantages of laparoscopic hysterectomy as well as the criteria to be used for appropriate patient selection.
Arvind P Ganpule
Full Text Available Background: We summarise our experience with RPN emphasising on learning curve, techniques and outcomes. Patients and Methods: A retrospective chart review of 57 patients was done. The preoperative workup included a triple phase CT angiography. The parameters analyzed were demographics, tumor characteristics, operative details, postoperative outcome, histopathology and follow-up. The data were compared with historical cohort of the laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN. Results: 58 renal units in 57 patients (45 males and 12 females underwent RPN. The mean age was 53.08 ± 13.6 (30-71 years. The mean tumor size was 4.96 ± 2.33 (2-15.5 cm. Average operative time was 129.4 ± 29.9 (70-200 min.; mean warm ischemia time was 20.9 ± 7.34 (9-39 min. 8 renal units in 7 patients were operated with the zero ischemia technique. The average follow-up was 5.15 months (1-18. There was no recurrence. 15 patients underwent LPN. The mean tumor size was 4.3 ± 1.6 (1.6-8 cm. operative time was 230.7 ± 114.8 (150-300 min.; mean warm ischemia time was 31.8 ± 9 min. The nephromerty score in the LPN group was 7.1 ± 0.89, in the RPN group was 8.75 ± 1.21. Conclusion: Our results suggest that prior experience of LPN shortens the learning curve for RPN as seen by shorter warm ischemia time and operative time in our series. The nephrometry score in RPN were higher suggesting that complex tumour can be managed with robotic approach.
Lauscher, J C; Grittner, F; Stroux, A; Zimmermann, M; le Claire, M; Buhr, H J; Ritz, J P
Surgical site infections (SSIs) are frequent complications in colorectal surgery and may lead to burst abdomen, incisional hernia, and increased perioperative costs. Plastic wound ring drapes (RD) were introduced some decades ago to protect the abdominal wound from bacteria and reduce SSIs. There have been no controlled trials examining the benefit of RD in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. The Reduction of wound infections in laparoscopic assisted colorectal resections by plastic wound ring drapes (REDWIL) trial was thus designed to assess their effectiveness in preventing SSIs after elective laparoscopic colorectal resections. REDWIL is a randomized controlled monocenter trial with two parallel groups (experimental group with RD and control group without RD). Patients undergoing elective laparoscopic colorectal resection were included. The primary endpoint was SSIs. Secondary outcomes were colonization of the abdominal wall with bacteria, reoperations/readmissions, early/late postoperative complications, and cost of hospital stay. The duration of follow-up was 6 months. Between January 2008 and October 2010, 109 patients were randomly assigned to the experimental or control group (with or without RD). Forty-six patients in the RD group and 47 patients in the control group completed follow-up. SSIs developed in ten patients with RD (21.7 %) and six patients without RD (12.8 %) (p = 0.28). An intraoperative swab taken from the abdominal wall was positive in 66.7 % of patients with RD and 57.5 % without RD (p = 0.46). The number of species cultured within one swab was significantly higher in those without RD (p = 0.03). The median total inpatient costs including emergency readmissions were 3,402 ± 4,038 in the RD group and 3,563 ± 1,735 in the control group (p = 0.869). RD do not reduce the rate of SSIs in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. The inpatient costs are similar with and without RD.
Carlos Eduardo Bortolini
Full Text Available The canine pyometritis is an adult bitch illness characterized by the inflammation of the uterus with secretion accumulation. Hematometra is a consequence of the piometritis, however it is characterized for diapese of erythrocytes for the uterus, which changes the coloration of the secretion. The treatment ought to be immediate and aggressive, and the advised treatment is ovariohysterectomy for seriously ill animals. This report describes the laparoscopic-assisted ovariohysterctomy as a surgical treatment of hematometra in a bitch akita, six years-old with 34kg. The laparoscopic was the occlusion of ovarian vessels and mesovarium attachment using three portals technique. The uterine vessels and uterus were managed through a small pre-pubic celiotomy. No complications or reincidence of the disease were noticed, showing the effectiveness of the procedure in dogs. Seven month adequate postoperative evolution reassured the surgical conduct performed.
KEY WORDS: Bitches, surgery, laparoscopy, pyometritis, treatment.
A piometrite canina é uma enfermidade da cadela adulta, caracterizada por inflamação do útero com acúmulo de exsudatos. A hematometra é uma consequência da piometrite, porém caracteriza-se por diapese de eritrócitos para a luz uterina, modificando a coloração da secreção. A terapia deve ser imediata e agressiva. Ovário-histerectomia é o tratamento de escolha para animais gravemente acometidos. O presente trabalho descreve a ovário-histerectomia videoassistida no tratamento de hematometra em uma cadela da raça Akita, com seis anos de idade e 34 kg de massa corporal. Utilizou-se o acesso com três portais, os quais permitiram a ligadura dos vasos ovarianos e a secção do mesométrio. Já o útero e os vasos uterinos foram manipulados por meio de miniceliotomia pré-púbica. Não se constataram complicações transoperatórias ou recidiva da doença, o que demonstra a eficácia do procedimento
Olivier, R. H. van der Schatte; van't Hullenaar, C. D. P.; Ruurda, J. P.; Broeders, I. A. M. J.
Robot-assisted surgical systems have been introduced to improve the outcome of minimally invasive surgery. These systems also have the potential to improve ergonomics for the surgeon during endoscopic surgery. This study aimed to compare the user's mental and physical comfort in performing standard
Hashimoto, Takeshi; Yoshioka, Kunihiko; Gondo, Tatsuo; Takeuchi, Hisashi; Nakagami, Yoshihiro; Nakashima, Jun; Tachibana, Masaaki
Positive surgical margin after radical prostatectomy has been shown to be an independent predictive factor for biochemical and local recurrence in patients with prostate cancer. The present study was undertaken to identify predictive factors for positive surgical margin after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy in Japanese patients. Between August 2006 and September 2011, a cohort of 244 men underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy carried out by a single surgeon. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out to identify clinical covariates significantly associated with an increased positive surgical margin. The preoperative variables included age, body mass index, prostate-specific antigen level, prostate-specific antigen density, clinical T stage, prostate volume, surgeon volume, number of positive cores and percentage of positive cores. In the univariate analyses, serum prostate-specific antigen level, prostate-specific antigen density and surgeon volume were significantly associated with positive surgical margin. In the multivariate analysis, prostate-specific antigen density (hazard ratio 3.13, 95% confidence interval 1.57-6.24; P = 0.001) and surgeon volume (hazard ratio 2.15, 95% confidence interval 1.06-4.35; P = 0.034) were independent predictive factors for positive surgical margin. Using these two independent factors, we divided the patients into four groups and calculated the predictive probability of positive surgical margin. The predictive probability for positive surgical margin in each group was well correlated with the rates at 10.8% and 10.2%, 19.8% and 20.0%, 26.4% and 26.4%, an 43.5% and 43.3%, respectively. Prostate-specific antigen density and surgeon volume are independent predictors of positive surgical margin after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. A combination of these two factors can provide useful information about positive surgical margins. © 2013 The Japanese Urological Association.
A randomized prospective trial of the postoperative quality of life between laparoscopic uterine artery ligation and laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy for the treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids: clinical trial design
Full Text Available Abstract Background Laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy is one of the definite methods for the treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids with lesser intraoperative bleeding and shorter hospitalization compared with abdominal hysterectomy. However, laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy cannot preserve uterus and can show postoperative complications by the change of pelvic structure. Thus, laparoscopic uterine artery ligation has been introduced for relieving the symptoms caused by uterine fibroids in place of hysterectomy. The current study was designed to compare postoperative quality of life between laparoscopic uterine artery ligation and laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy, and to evaluate the efficacy of laparoscopic uterine artery ligation which can treat symptomatic uterine fibroids with the preservation of uterus. Methods and design Patients enrolled the current study are randomized to laparoscopic uterine artery ligation or laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy. The primary outcome is to compare postoperative quality of life between laparoscopic uterine artery ligation and laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire for Cancer patients version 3.0. Secondary outcomes are to evaluate the volume reduction of uterus, uterine fibroids and ovaries by the 2 treatments, to compare the improvement of subjective symptoms using 11-point symptom score and postoperative clinical outcomes between laparoscopic uterine artery ligation and laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy, and to investigate the improvement of postoperative vaginal bleeding by laparoscopic uterine artery ligation. Discussion Among treatment methods for symptomatic uterine fibroids with the preservation of uterus, laparoscopic uterine artery ligation is expected to have the efficacy like uterine artery embolization, which appeared to be safe for routine use with
Advincula, Arnold P; Xu, Xiao; Goudeau, Suntrea; Ransom, Scott B
To compare surgical outcomes of myomectomy by robot-assisted laparoscopy with those performed by traditional laparotomy and to analyze the financial impact of these 2 approaches. Retrospective case-matched analysis (Canadian Task Force classification III). University teaching hospital. A total of 58 patients with symptomatic leiomyomata. Myomectomy by robot-assisted laparoscopy or traditional laparotomy was administered. An equal number of case-matched patients based on age, body mass index, and myoma weight were analyzed in each group. Among these 3 variables, there were no statistically significant differences between the robotic and laparotomy groups. Mean age was 36.59 +/- 4.93 years (95% CI 34.71-38.46 years) versus 34.86 +/- 4.41 years (95% CI 33.18-36.54 years), mean body mass index was 25.22 +/- 3.85 kg/m(2) (90% central range [CR] 20.30-31.20 kg/m2) versus 28.3 +/- 6.95 kg/m2 (90% CR 21.50-42.80 kg/m2), and mean myoma weight was 227.86 +/- 247.54 g (90% CR 11.60-680.00 g) versus 223.76 +/- 228.28 g (90% CR 11.50-660.00 g), respectively. Patients with robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy had decreased estimated blood loss (mean 195.69 +/- 228.55 mL [90% CR 50.00-700.00 mL] vs mean 364.66 +/- 473.28 mL [90% CR 75.00-1550.00 mL]) and length of stay (mean 1.48 +/- 0.95 days [90% CR 1.00-3.00 days] vs mean 3.62 +/- 1.50 days [90% CR 3.00-8.00 days]) when compared with the laparotomy group. Both of these differences were statistically significant at p vs mean $4664.48 +/- $642.11 [90% CR $3944.36-$6010.90, p vs mean $13400.62 +/- $7747.26 [90% CR $8703.20-$26771.22, p new technology, it is not unexpected that a robotic approach to myomectomy costs more than a traditional laparotomy. On the other hand, decreased estimated blood loss, complication rates, and length of stay with the robotic approach in the end may prove to have a significant societal benefit that will outweigh upfront financial impact.
Rogers, Craig G; Sammon, Jesse D; Sukumar, Shyam; Diaz, Mireya; Peabody, James; Menon, Mani
The role of robot assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) for high-risk prostate cancer (CaP) is controversial, as is the role of RARP in elderly men. We evaluate outcomes of elderly patients with high-risk CaP who have chosen RARP over radiation or hormonal therapy. Between April 2001 and November 2009, 69 elderly patients (≥70 years) with high-risk CaP underwent RARP at our institution. High-risk CaP was defined using the D'Amico criterion, PSA ≥ 20 ng/ml, biopsy Gleason score 8-10, or clinical stage ≥ cT2C. Outcomes were retrospectively analyzed. Preoperative high-risk features were PSA > 20: 11 patients (15.9%), biopsy Gleason score 8-10: 43 (62.3%), or clinical stage ≥ cT2C: 25 (36.2%). Median OR time was 175 minutes (IQR: 136.8-202.5) and median EBL was 150 cc (IQR: 100-200). There were 4 complications (5.8%): urine leak (2) and ileus (2). Median duration of stay was 1 day and no patient had a hospital stay over 3 days. On final pathology, 26 men (37.7%) had organ-confined disease with negative surgical margins and 27 (39.1%) had extracapsular extension with negative margins. Biochemical recurrence occurred in 12 patients (17.4%) at a median follow-up of 37.7 months. There was a single incidence of positive lymph nodes at the time of surgery (1.4%). Actuarial biochemical recurrence-free survival was 91% at 12 months and 86% at 36 months. Functional outcomes assessed by patient administered questionnaire at a median follow-up of 26.2 months showed an improvement in median IPSS score from 8.0 preoperatively to 5.0 postoperatively (P = 0.0004) with 53 (81.5%) of patients using 1 pad per day or less for urine control and 7 patients (33.3%) of the 21 men with preoperative SHIM score > 21 preoperatively achieving erections sufficient for intercourse. Robotic RP is safe and feasible in select elderly patients with high-risk CaP with good intermediate oncologic and functional outcomes. Advanced chronological age should not be an absolute contraindication for
Porres, D; Pfister, D; Labanaris, A P; Zugor, V; Witt, J H; Heidenreich, A
The aim of this study was to evaluate the perioperative oncological and functional outcomes after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RALP) in older men. The records of n = 2,000 men who underwent RALP from February 2006 to April 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 45 patients ≥ 75 years were indentified. Subsequently this subgroup was compared to the overall patient cohort with regard to perioperative results, pathological tumor stage, functional outcomes after 12 months and the prostate cancer-specific mortality and biochemical recurrence free survival. The following results reflect the comparison of the cohort of patients who were ≥75 years of age versus the overall coh