WorldWideScience

Sample records for assets

  1. Intangible Assets

    OpenAIRE

    Toubal, Farid

    2009-01-01

    The integration of the world economy has underlined the need for firms to exploit their intangible assets on a global scale. Firms' intangible assets include their stock of knowledge, which is related to ideas, research and development (R&D), patent and blueprints, scientific and technical workers, and management techniques. In addition, intangible assets consist of their stock of goodwill, which is associated with product

  2. ASSET guidelines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IAEA Assessment of Safety Significant Events Team (ASSET) Service provides advice and assistance to Member States to enhance the overall level of plant safety while dealing with the policy of prevention of incidents at nuclear power plants. The ASSET programme, initiated in 1986, is not restricted to any particular group of Member States, whether developing or industrialized, but is available to all countries with nuclear power plants in operation or approaching commercial operation. The IAEA Safety Series publications form common basis for the ASSET reviews, including the Nuclear Safety Standards (NUSS) and the Basic Safety Principles (Recommendations of Safety Series No. 75-INSAG-3). The ASSET Guidelines provide overall guidance for the experts to ensure the consistency and comprehensiveness of their review of incident investigations. Additional guidance and reference material is provided by the IAEA to complement the expertise of the ASSET members. ASSET reviews accept different approaches that contribute to ensuring an effective prevention of incidents at plants. Suggestions are offered to enhance plant safety performance. Commendable good practices are identified and generic lessons are communicated to other plants, where relevant, for long term improvement

  3. Asset Meltdown

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marekwica, Marcel; Maurer, Raimond; Sebastian, Steffen P.

    2011-01-01

    Executive Summary. This paper analyzes the relation between demographic structure and real asset returns on Treasury bills, bonds, and stocks for the G7 countries (United States, Canada, Japan, Italy, France, the United Kingdom, and Germany). A macroeconomic multifactor model is used to examine a...

  4. Asset prices and priceless assets

    OpenAIRE

    Penasse, J.N.G.

    2014-01-01

    The doctoral thesis studies several aspects of asset returns dynamics. The first three chapters focus on returns in the fine art market. The first chapter provides evidence for the existence of a slow-moving fad component in art prices that induces short-term return predictability. The article has been published in Economics Letters (Volume 122, Issue 3, pp. 432-434), and was written together with Christophe Spaenjers and Luc Renneboog. Chapter 2 investigates how fast is information incorpora...

  5. FOOD PROCESSING ASSETS

    OpenAIRE

    Gallo, Anthony E.

    1996-01-01

    U.S. food processing sector assets are valued at about $360 billion, or about 12 percent of all manufacturing assets. Profit and sales returns on assets in food processing are among the highest in the U.S. economy. Foreign holdings comprise a significant portion of food processors' assets.

  6. Capital Structure and Assets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flor, Christian Riis

    2008-01-01

    This paper analyzes a firm's capital structure choice when assets have outside value. Valuable assets implicitly provide a collateral and increase tax shield exploitation. The key feature in this paper is asset value uncertainty, implying that it is unknown ex ante whether the equity holders ex...... post optimally sell the assets or re-optimize the capital structure. Ex ante, more uncertain asset value decreases leverage, but not firm value, and selling the assets becomes less likely. Firms should tend to invest in assets whose value is less correlated to changes in earnings and, in addition...

  7. Dukovany ASSET mission preparation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We are in the final stages of the Dukovany ASSET mission 1996 preparation. I would like to present some of our recent experiences. Maybe they would be helpful to other plants, that host ASSET missions in future

  8. Salience and Asset Prices

    OpenAIRE

    Bordalo, Pedro; Gennaioli, Nicola; Shleifer, Andrei

    2013-01-01

    We present a simple model of asset pricing in which payoff salience drives investors' demand for risky assets. The key implication is that extreme payoffs receive disproportionate weight in the market valuation of assets. The model accounts for several puzzles in finance in an intuitive way, including preference for assets with a chance of very high payoffs, an aggregate equity premium, and countercyclical variation in stock market returns.

  9. Asset Pricing Theories

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Rothschild

    1985-01-01

    This article compares two leading models of asset pricing: the capital asset pricing model (CAPM) and the arbitrage pricing theory (APT): I argue that while the APT is compatible with the data available for testing theories of asset pricing, the CAPM is not. In reaching this conclusion emphasis is placed on the distinction between the unconditional (relatively incomplete) information which econometricians must use to estimate asset pricing models and the conditional (complete) information whi...

  10. [ASSET experience in China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ASSET philosophy for prevention of nuclear safety incident is being implemented in our nuclear power plant as the other international nuclear power plants, and the in-depth analysis of operational events in order to find out and eliminate the root causes is considered as the prioritized work in the plant safety management. Some observations are discussed which were made during the implementation of ASSET philosophy and the ASSET approach in our nuclear power plant

  11. Securitization and Asset Prices

    OpenAIRE

    Aksoy, Yunus; Henrique S. Basso

    2015-01-01

    During the 15 years prior to the global financial crisis the volume of securitized assets transacted in the US has grown substantially, reflecting a change in the nature of the financial intermediation process. Together with increased securitization, financial entities, who participate more heavily in the asset-backed security (ABS) market and hold a diversified portfolio of assets, have also become more relevant. As a result, the volume of securitization, although traditionally associated wi...

  12. Securitization and asset prices

    OpenAIRE

    Yunus Aksoy; Henrique S. Basso

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the link between securitization and asset prices and show that increases in the growth rate of the volume of ABS issuance lead to a sizable decline in bond and equity premia. Furthermore, we show that in a model where banks select their portfolio of assets and create synthetic securities, the compensation for undertaking risk decreases as securitization increases. The pooling and tranching of credit assets relaxes both the funding and the risk constraints banks face allowing th...

  13. Securitization and asset prices

    OpenAIRE

    Aksoy, Yunus; Basso, Henrique

    2014-01-01

    During the 15 years prior to the global financial crisis the volume of securitized assets transacted in the US has grown substantially, reflecting a change in the nature of the financial intermediation process. Together with increased securitization, financial entities, who participate more heavily in the asset-backed security (ABS) market and hold a diversified portfolio of assets, have also become more relevant. As a result, the volume of securitization, although traditionally associated wi...

  14. Japanese views on ASSET

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In general, the ASSET has had a positive effect on enhancement of operating experience feedback. The ASSET has played an important role to supply information to the IAEA Extra Budgetary Program. However, this role has come to an end; since the needs for safety upgrading have become identified and prioritized. ASSET missions in future: Linkage among various safety missions should be sought in order to avoid duplication and to enhance effective usage of a limited budget and human resources

  15. Mission and Assets Database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldwin, John; Zendejas, Silvino; Gutheinz, Sandy; Borden, Chester; Wang, Yeou-Fang

    2009-01-01

    Mission and Assets Database (MADB) Version 1.0 is an SQL database system with a Web user interface to centralize information. The database stores flight project support resource requirements, view periods, antenna information, schedule, and forecast results for use in mid-range and long-term planning of Deep Space Network (DSN) assets.

  16. Households' Interest-bearing Assets

    OpenAIRE

    Ellis Connolly; Fiona Fleming; Jarkko Jääskelä

    2012-01-01

    Households invest around two-fifths of their financial assets in interest-bearing assets. These assets are predominantly held directly in deposits and also via superannuation and other investment funds. Deposits have grown strongly in recent years, although there has been no growth in interest-bearing securities. Compared with other advanced economies, interest-bearing assets represent a relatively small share of financial assets. For the household sector as a whole, interest-bearing assets a...

  17. Asset price, asset securitization and financial stability

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Luke

    2011-01-01

    Prior to the Global Financial Crisis in 2008, securitization has been widely perceived as a way to disperse credit risks, and to enhance financial system’s capacity in dealing with defaults. This paper develops a model of securitization and financial stability in the form of amplification effects. This model has illustrated three different scenarios: A negative shock in the economy will lead to downturn of the economy and falling of the asset prices, deteriorating balance sheets and tightenin...

  18. Asset Inventory Database

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — AIDM is used to track USAID assets such as furniture, computers, and equipment. Using portable bar code readers, receiving and inventory personnel can capture...

  19. Management of Intangible Assets

    OpenAIRE

    Ioan BIRCEA; Noemi Iuliana BIRCEA

    2011-01-01

    In a society marked by economic crisis, creating value and market competition becomes a heady company need. According to recent studies, in competitive companies, the highest share in the assets is hold by the value of intangible assets. Consequently, this involves the identification, measurement, management and efficient development of these inputs (knowledge, information, intellectual property, skilled labor, etc.). It is noted that, in the case of companies that have established management...

  20. Basel III and Asset Securitization

    OpenAIRE

    M. Mpundu; Petersen, M. A.; Mukuddem-Petersen, J.; Gideon, F.

    2013-01-01

    Asset securitization via special purpose entities involves the process of transforming assets into securities that are issued to investors. These investors hold the rights to payments supported by the cash flows from an asset pool held by the said entity. In this paper, we discuss the mechanism by which low- and high-quality entities securitize low- and high-quality assets, respectively, into collateralized debt obligations. During the 2007–2009 financial crisis, asset securitization was seri...

  1. Rational Asset Pricing Bubbles Revisited

    OpenAIRE

    Jan Werner

    2012-01-01

    Price bubble arises when the price of an asset exceeds the asset's fundamental value, that is, the present value of future dividend payments. The important result of Santos and Woodford (1997) says that price bubbles cannot exist in equilibrium in the standard dynamic asset pricing model with rational agents as long as assets are in strictly positive supply and the present value of total future resources is finite. This paper explores the possibility of asset price bubbles when either one of ...

  2. Asset Pricing - A Brief Review

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Minqiang

    2010-01-01

    I first introduce the early-stage and modern classical asset pricing and portfolio theories. These include: the capital asset pricing model (CAPM), the arbitrage pricing theory (APT), the consumption capital asset pricing model (CCAPM), the intertemporal capital asset pricing model (ICAPM), and some other important modern concepts and techniques. Finally, I discuss the most recent development during the last decade and the outlook in the field of asset pricing.

  3. Asset Poverty in India

    OpenAIRE

    Swati Dutta

    2013-01-01

    In order to formulate policy to target the correctly identified rural poor in India, focus on an income poverty measure alone is insufficient. The purpose of this research is to study a new area of poverty measurement based on data that detail a household’s access to basic assets. The study has used the secondary data source provided by the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) for the time period of 1992, 1998 and 2005. In order to construct the asset index the technique of multiple correspo...

  4. Inflation and Asset Prices

    OpenAIRE

    Tatom, John

    2011-01-01

    Changes in the general level of prices and inflation have profound effects on asset prices. There are several reasons for these effects and the influence differs depending on the source of the inflation and whether it is expected or not. To understand these effects it is important to clarify what is meant by inflation, the pure theory of the sources of inflation, how inflation affects goods and services prices and how it affects the assets that are used to finance production, both equity pr...

  5. Distributed charging of electrical assets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Soumyadip; Phan, Dung; Sharma, Mayank; Wu, Chai Wah; Xiong, Jinjun

    2016-02-16

    The present disclosure relates generally to the field of distributed charging of electrical assets. In various examples, distributed charging of electrical assets may be implemented in the form of systems, methods and/or algorithms.

  6. Technological breakthroughs and asset replacement

    OpenAIRE

    YATSENKO, Yuri; Hritonenko, Natali

    2008-01-01

    The authors analyze the optimal replacement of assets under continuous and discontinuous technological change. They investigate the variable lifetime of assets in an infinite-horizon replacement problem. Due to deterioration, the maintenance cost increases when the asset becomes older. Because of technological change, both maintenance and new capital costs decrease for a fixed asset age. The dynamics of the optimal lifetime is investigated analytically and numerically under tec...

  7. SIMPLE INNOVATION OF FINANCIAL ASSET

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Shunming

    2001-01-01

    This paper presents a simple two-period model of the innovationof financial asset by commission-revenue maximization exchange. The economic agents with meanvariance preferences take transaction costs in the process of trading the financial asset, the buying per-unit commission of the futures contract and the selling per-unit commission of the financial asset. The commission-revenue maximization exchange innovates financial asset.

  8. Asset returns and economic risk

    OpenAIRE

    Cesare Robotti

    2002-01-01

    The capital asset pricing model (CAPM), favored by financial researchers and practitioners fifteen years ago, holds that the extra return on a risky asset comes from bearing market risk only. But newer evidence supports the intertemporal CAPM (I-CAPM) theory (Merton 1973), which suggests that the premium on any risky asset is related not only to market risk but also to additional economic variables. ; This article reviews and interprets recent advances in the asset pricing literature. The stu...

  9. Efficiently Inefficient Markets for Assets and Assets Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garleanu, Nicolae; Heje Pedersen, Lasse

    We consider a model where investors can invest directly or search for an asset manager, information about assets is costly, and managers charge an endogenous fee. The efficiency of asset prices is linked to the efficiency of the asset management market: if investors can find managers more easily......, more money is allocated to active management, fees are lower, and asset prices are more efficient. Informed managers outperform after fees, uninformed managers underperform after fees, and the net performance of the average manager depends on the number of "noise allocators." Finally, we show why large...

  10. Asset securitization in Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Baums, Theodor

    1994-01-01

    Until the late 1980s, asset securitisation was an US-American finance technique. Meanwhile this technique has been used also in some European countries, although to a much lesser extent. While some of them have adopted or developed their legal and regulatory framework, others remain on earlier stages. That may be because of the lack of economic incentives, but also because of remaining regulatory or legal impediments. The following overview deals with the legal and regulatory environment in f...

  11. Pricing Volatility Referenced Assets

    OpenAIRE

    Alan De Genaro Dario

    2006-01-01

    Volatility swaps are contingent claims on future realized volatility. Variance swaps are similar instruments on future realized variance, the square of future realized volatility. Unlike a plain vanilla option, whose volatility exposure is contaminated by its asset price dependence, volatility and variance swaps provide a pure exposure to volatility alone. This article discusses the risk-neutral valuation of volatility and variance swaps based on the framework outlined in the Heston (1993) st...

  12. Intermediary Asset Pricing

    OpenAIRE

    Arvind Krishnamurhty; Zhiguo He

    2013-01-01

    We present a model to study the dynamics of risk premia during crises in asset markets where the marginal investor is a financial intermediary. Intermediaries face a constraint on raising equity capital. When the constraint binds, so that intermediaries' equity capital is scarce, risk premia rise to reflect the capital scarcity. We calibrate the model and show that it does well in matching two aspects of crises: the nonlinearity of risk premia during crisis episodes; and, the speed of adjustm...

  13. Asset pricing without garbage

    OpenAIRE

    Kroencke, Tim Alexander

    2013-01-01

    This paper provides an explanation why garbage as a measure of consumption implies a several times lower coefficient of relative risk aversion in the consumption-based asset pricing model than consumption based on the official National Income and Product Ac- counts (NIPA): Unlike garbage, NIPA consumption is filtered to mitigate measurement error. I apply a structural model of the filtering process, which allows to revoke the filter inherent in NIPA consumption. "Unfiltered NIP...

  14. Organizations must match assets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The unprofitable state of the Canadian oil industry, the adverse economic environment, the difficulty of finding capital, and the diminishing resources of conventional lighter crude oil make it necessary for Canadian oil companies to match their organizations and their financing to their assets. This is illustrated according to the experience of Saskoil, a Saskatchewan oil and gas company. An increasing production of oil and natural gas, and an increasing amount of new oil production as heavy oil, led to organizational changes such as the purchase of an asphalt plant to provide the company with downstream experience, establishing a working group to explore and develop heavy oil resources, and forming a company to manage non-core assets. The latter company, Pasqua Resources, manages assets such as small properties and ownership interests in order to increase the operating efficiency of Saskoil. Pasqua provides Saskoil with a corporate and organizational vehicle to accommodate partnerships and joint venture capital invested in property purchase opportunities, and to manage any of Saskoil's divestiture activities

  15. Accounting treatment of intangible assets

    OpenAIRE

    Gorgieva-Trajkovska, Olivera; Koleva, Blagica; Georgieva Svrtinov, Vesna

    2015-01-01

    The accounting for fixed assets is, in many cases, a straightforward exercise, but it isn’t always so when it comes to the issue of intangible fixed assets and recognizing such assets on the balance sheet. IAS 38, In¬tan¬gi¬ble Assets, outlines the accounting re¬quire¬ments for in¬tan¬gi¬ble assets, which are non-mon¬e¬tary assets which are without physical substance and iden¬ti¬fi¬able (either being separable or arising from con¬trac¬tual or other legal rights). In¬tan¬gi¬ble assets meeting ...

  16. Real Assets and Inflation: Which Real Assets Hedge Inflation

    OpenAIRE

    Parajuli, Rajan; Chang, Sun Joseph

    2015-01-01

    Inflation is considered as a leading macroeconomic indicator, which might create substantial distortions in financial statements, future earnings, and overall performance of securities in the financial market. An inflation-hedging ability of an asset offers protection against inflation, which eliminates or at least reduces the uncertainty about the future real returns. Real assets like real estate, timberland, and farmland have been regarded as good inflation hedges, whereas financial assets ...

  17. Pricing Volatility Referenced Assets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan De Genaro Dario

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Volatility swaps are contingent claims on future realized volatility. Variance swaps are similar instruments on future realized variance, the square of future realized volatility. Unlike a plain vanilla option, whose volatility exposure is contaminated by its asset price dependence, volatility and variance swaps provide a pure exposure to volatility alone. This article discusses the risk-neutral valuation of volatility and variance swaps based on the framework outlined in the Heston (1993 stochastic volatility model. Additionally, the Heston (1993 model is calibrated for foreign currency options traded at BMF and its parameters are used to price swaps on volatility and variance of the BRL / USD exchange rate.

  18. Securing Assets with RFID

    OpenAIRE

    Oustad, Mats; Chanrasekaram, Santhakumar

    2008-01-01

    Loss of property is something every company has had to deal with at some point, without proper securing this is a problem that is very hard to get control of. RFID has been available for decades but it has been a technology which has been dormant without very much development. In the last years the interest has grown and new ideas to use it has surfaced. This thesis is set out to present a comprehensive solution proposal for a RFID asset management system. A case will be presented which will ...

  19. Heterogeneity of Intellectual Assets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahlgren, Johan Henrich; Lund Jensen, Rasmus; Valentin, Finn

    2004-01-01

    This paper deals with methodological issues of assessing the composition and level ofheterogeneity of firms' intellectual assets. It develops an original metric - referred to asthe H-index - for measuring heterogeneity using data extracted from patent documents.The main purpose is to improve the...... characterisation of research activities within firmsin the biotechnology sector. Although the H-index grew out of research on biotechfirms, the metric carries broader relevance for all patent-intensive industries. Themeasurement and calculation of the H-index is illustrated using some empiricalexamples from our...

  20. Pemilihan Model Asset Pricing

    OpenAIRE

    Pasaribu, Rowland Bismark Fernando

    2010-01-01

    The Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) has dominated finance theory for over thirty years; it suggests that the market beta alone is sufficient to explain stock returns. However evidence shows that the cross-section of stock returns cannot be described solely by the one-factor CAPM. Therefore, the idea is to add other factors in order to complete the beta in explaining the price movements in the stock exchange. The Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT) has been proposed as the first multifactor succ...

  1. Liquidity and asset market dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Guillaume Rocheteau; Randall Wright

    2010-01-01

    We study economies with an essential role for liquid assets in transactions. The model can generate multiple stationary equilibria, across which asset prices, market participation, capitalization, output and welfare are positively related. It can also generate a variety of nonstationary equilibria, even when fundamentals are deterministic and time invariant, including periodic, chaotic, and stochastic (sunspot) equilibria with recurrent market crashes. Some equilibria have asset price traject...

  2. Asset Prices and Institutional Investors

    OpenAIRE

    Basak, Suleyman; Pavlova, Anna

    2013-01-01

    Empirical evidence indicates that trades by institutional investors have sizable effects on asset prices, generating phenomena such as index effects, asset-class effects and others. It is difficult to explain such phenomena within standard representative-agent asset pricing models. In this paper, we consider an economy populated by institutional investors alongside standard retail investors. Institutions care about their performance relative to a certain index. Our framework is tractable, adm...

  3. Targeted assets risk analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouwsema, Barry

    2013-01-01

    Risk assessments utilising the consolidated risk assessment process as described by Public Safety Canada and the Centre for Security Science utilise the five threat categories of natural, human accidental, technological, human intentional and chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear or explosive (CBRNE). The categories of human intentional and CBRNE indicate intended actions against specific targets. It is therefore necessary to be able to identify which pieces of critical infrastructure represent the likely targets of individuals with malicious intent. Using the consolidated risk assessment process and the target capabilities list, coupled with the CARVER methodology and a security vulnerability analysis, it is possible to identify these targeted assets and their weaknesses. This process can help emergency managers to identify where resources should be allocated and funding spent. Targeted Assets Risk Analysis (TARA) presents a new opportunity to improve how risk is measured, monitored, managed and minimised through the four phases of emergency management, namely, prevention, preparation, response and recovery. To reduce risk throughout Canada, Defence Research and Development Canada is interested in researching the potential benefits of a comprehensive approach to risk assessment and management. The TARA provides a framework against which potential human intentional threats can be measured and quantified, thereby improving safety for all Canadians. PMID:23615063

  4. The Discipline of Asset Allocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petzel, Todd E.

    2000-01-01

    Discussion of asset allocation for college/university endowment funds focuses on three levels of risk: (1) the absolute risk of the portfolio (usually leading to asset diversification); (2) the benchmark risk (usually comparison with peer institutions; and (3) personal career risk (which may incline managers toward maximizing short-term returns,…

  5. Packaging Software Assets for Reuse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattmann, C. A.; Marshall, J. J.; Downs, R. R.

    2010-12-01

    The reuse of existing software assets such as code, architecture, libraries, and modules in current software and systems development projects can provide many benefits, including reduced costs, in time and effort, and increased reliability. Many reusable assets are currently available in various online catalogs and repositories, usually broken down by disciplines such as programming language (Ibiblio for Maven/Java developers, PyPI for Python developers, CPAN for Perl developers, etc.). The way these assets are packaged for distribution can play a role in their reuse - an asset that is packaged simply and logically is typically easier to understand, install, and use, thereby increasing its reusability. A well-packaged asset has advantages in being more reusable and thus more likely to provide benefits through its reuse. This presentation will discuss various aspects of software asset packaging and how they can affect the reusability of the assets. The characteristics of well-packaged software will be described. A software packaging domain model will be introduced, and some existing packaging approaches examined. An example case study of a Reuse Enablement System (RES), currently being created by near-term Earth science decadal survey missions, will provide information about the use of the domain model. Awareness of these factors will help software developers package their reusable assets so that they can provide the most benefits for software reuse.

  6. Intangible Assets-According to German GAAP

    OpenAIRE

    Heng Wang

    2009-01-01

    With the growth of global markets, intangible assets have become more and more important for both investors and managers in recent years. Although the economic importance of intangible assets has long been recognised, there has been extensive debate as to the definition of intangible assets, how to measure intangible assets, and the extent to which enterprises should be required to report these assets. Intangible Assets are likely to become increasingly important with the continuing developme...

  7. Digital asset ecosystems rethinking crowds and cloud

    CERN Document Server

    Blanke, Tobias

    2014-01-01

    Digital asset management is undergoing a fundamental transformation. Near universal availability of high-quality web-based assets makes it important to pay attention to the new world of digital ecosystems and what it means for managing, using and publishing digital assets. The Ecosystem of Digital Assets reflects on these developments and what the emerging 'web of things' could mean for digital assets. The book is structured into three parts, each covering an important aspect of digital assets. Part one introduces the emerging ecosystems of digital assets. Part two examines digital asset manag

  8. Asset management techniques for transformers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a deregulated/reformed environment, the electric utilities are under constant pressure for reducing operating costs, enhancing the reliability of transmission and distribution equipments, and improving quality of power and services to the customer. Moreover, the risk involved in running the system without proper attention to assets integrity in service is quite high. Additionally, the probability of losing any equipment vital to the transmission and distribution system, such as power and distribution transformers, is increasing especially with the aging of power system's assets. Today the focus of operating the power system is changed and efforts are being directed to explore new approaches/techniques of monitoring, diagnosis, condition evaluation, maintenance, life assessment, and possibility of extending the life of existing assets. In this paper, a comprehensive illustration of the transformer asset management activities is presented. The importance of each activity together with the latest researches done in the area is highlighted. (author)

  9. Security: a supranational legal asset

    OpenAIRE

    Manuel Monteiro Guedes Valente

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses the concept of security as a manysided, multifunctional and multilevel regulation topology which requires its several actors to view legal assets from a polygonal perspective worthy of legal protection from local to global and from global to local space. The concept of security as a supranational legal asset requires criminal legislation which defines the principles of criminal policy and the intervention of criminal Law, barriers to security trends and to the attempt to ...

  10. Valuation Risk and Asset Pricing

    OpenAIRE

    Rui Albuquerque; Martin S. Eichenbaum; Sergio Rebelo

    2012-01-01

    Standard representative-agent models have difficulty in accounting for the weak correlation between stock returns and measurable fundamentals, such as consumption and output growth. This failing underlies virtually all modern asset-pricing puzzles. The correlation puzzle arises because these models load all uncertainty onto the supply side of the economy. We propose a simple theory of asset pricing in which demand shocks play a central role. These shocks give rise to valuation risk that allow...

  11. Portfolio Choice with Illiquid Assets

    OpenAIRE

    Koren, Miklós; Szeidl, Adam

    2003-01-01

    The present Paper investigates the effects of incorporating illiquidity in a standard dynamic portfolio choice problem. Lack of liquidity means that an asset cannot be immediately traded at any point in time. We find the portfolio share of financial wealth invested in illiquid assets given the liquidity premium. Benchmark calibrations imply a portfolio share of 2-6% in cash. These numbers are in line with survey data and also with portfolio recommendations by practitioners. We also find that ...

  12. Asset Accumulation and Family Size

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, James P; Ward, Michael P.

    2004-01-01

    Utilizing panel data on families, estimates are made of the effects of children on asset accululation, asset composition, consumption, and family income. Young children are found to depress savings for young families but to increase savings for marriages of duration greater than five years. The principal channel through which children act to reduce savings is the decline in female earnings associated with the child- induced withdrawal of wives from the labor force. Family consumption actually...

  13. Asset Allocation in Transition Economies.

    OpenAIRE

    Jondeau, E.; Rockinger, M.

    2002-01-01

    Designing an investment strategy in transition economies is a difficult task, because stock markets opened through time, time series are short, and there is little guidance how to obtain expected returns and covariance matrices necessary for mean-variance asset allocation. Moments of market returns can be expected to be time varying as structural changes occur in nascent market economies. We develop an ad-hoc optimal asset-allocation strategy with a flavor of Bayesian learning adapted to thes...

  14. IAEA-TECDOC ASSET Guidelines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ASSET programme provides an international mechanism for determining procedures to prevent incidents and accidents in nuclear facilities. The programme deals with, and critically assesses, analyses of incidents and accidents, provides instructions at a general level and gives suggestions and recommendations aimed at increasing the operating nuclear safety standard. ASSET guidelines and regulations are intended to ensure consistency in the application of the team's analytical methods. They serve systematic inspection and help gaining insight into any relevant problem. (M.D.). Diagrams

  15. Multifactor Capital Asset Pricing Models

    OpenAIRE

    Warmuth, Niels Jakob

    2014-01-01

    In this dissertation I deal with three aspects of asset pricing. First, I analyze international bank stock returns and show the existence of a bank specific industry effect. Second, I explain parts of the size and the value factor of the Fama-French model by default and disaster risk. Third, I develop a new rational inattention based model for asset pricing and with the help of this model I challenge the notion of market efficiency by a concept of attention driven efficiency.

  16. 24 CFR 990.270 - Asset management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Asset management. 990.270 Section... THE PUBLIC HOUSING OPERATING FUND PROGRAM Asset Management § 990.270 Asset management. As owners, PHAs have asset management responsibilities that are above and beyond property management activities....

  17. 31 CFR 597.302 - Assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Assets. 597.302 Section 597.302 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS... Definitions § 597.302 Assets. The term assets includes, but is not limited to, money, checks, drafts,...

  18. 7 CFR 1773.40 - Regulatory assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Regulatory assets. 1773.40 Section 1773.40... § 1773.40 Regulatory assets. The CPA's workpapers must document whether all regulatory assets comply with... whether all regulatory assets have received RUS approval....

  19. Managing Assets in The Infrastructure Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.P. van Houten

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In view of the importance of managing assets and the lack of research in managing assets in the infrastructure sector, we develop an asset management model in this study. This model is developed in line with the unique characteristics of the infrastructure assets and asset management principles and criteria. In the proposed model, we consider activities at three levels, namely the strategical, tactical and operational levels. The interviews with experts in asset management and officials in several Dutch organizations have proven the potential of our asset management model.

  20. Steam generator asset management: integrating technology and asset management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Asset Management is an established but often misunderstood discipline that is gaining momentum within the nuclear generation industry. The global impetus behind the movement toward asset management is sustainability. The discipline of asset management is based upon three fundamental aspects; key performance indicators (KPI), activity-based cost accounting, and cost benefits/risk analysis. The technology associated with these three aspects is fairly well-developed, in all but the most critical area; cost benefits/risk analysis. There are software programs that calculate, trend, and display key-performance indicators to ensure high-level visibility. Activity-based costing is a little more difficult; requiring a consensus on the definition of what comprises an activity and then adjusting cost accounting systems to track. In the United States, the Nuclear Energy Institute's Standard Nuclear Process Model (SNPM) serves as the basis for activity-based costing. As a result, the software industry has quickly adapted to develop tracking systems that include the SNPM structure. Both the KPI's and the activity-based cost accounting feed the cost benefits/risk analysis to allow for continuous improvement and task optimization; the goal of asset management. In the case where the benefits and risks are clearly understood and defined, there has been much progress in applying technology for continuous improvement. Within the nuclear generation industry, more specialized and unique software systems have been developed for active components, such as pumps and motors. Active components lend themselves well to the application of asset management techniques because failure rates can be established, which serves as the basis to quantify risk in the cost-benefits/risk analysis. A key issue with respect to asset management technologies is only now being understood and addressed, that is how to manage passive components. Passive components, such as nuclear steam generators, reactor vessels

  1. 12 CFR 567.12 - Purchased credit card relationships, servicing assets, intangible assets (other than purchased...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Purchased credit card relationships, servicing assets, intangible assets (other than purchased credit card relationships and servicing assets), credit... credit card relationships, servicing assets, intangible assets (other than purchased credit...

  2. Water as an Asset Class (Revised Version)

    OpenAIRE

    B. Michael Gilroy; Heike Schreckenberg; Volker Seiler

    2013-01-01

    As correlations of asset returns increased and diversification effects vanished during the financial crisis, the search for new and potentially uncorrelated asset classes gains importance. As a result, several asset classes have been analyzed by academics in order to determine their diversification properties. In this article we take a closer look at water as an asset and its potential diversification benefits. Water as an alternative asset improves a traditional stock and bond portfolio. Tho...

  3. Financing asset sales and business cycles

    OpenAIRE

    Arnold, Marc; Hackbarth, Dirk; Puhan, Tatjana-Xenia

    2014-01-01

    This paper analyzes the decision of firms to sell assets to fund investments (financing asset sales). For a sample of U.S. manufacturing firms during the 1971-2010 period, we document new stylized facts about financing asset sales that cannot be explained by traditional motives for selling assets, such as financial distress or financing constraints. Using a structural model of financing, investment, and macroeconomic risk, we show that financing asset sales attenuate the debt overhang problem...

  4. ASSET guidelines. Revised 1991 Edition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present publication is an updated version of the IAEA Assessment of Safety Significant Events Team (ASSET) Guidelines, IAEA-TECDOC-573, published in 1990. Sections 5 and 6 include revised definitions and investigation guidelines for identification of both direct and root causes. These revisions were recommended by a Consultants Meeting held in Vienna on 3-7 December 1990. This guidance is not intended to infringe an expert's prerogative to investigate additional items. Its main purpose is to provide a basic structure and ensure consistency in the assessments. Use of the ASSET guidelines should also facilitate comparison between the observations made in different nuclear power plants and harmonize the reporting of generic ASSET results. The guidelines should always be used with a critical attitude and a view to possible improvements

  5. The asset management business model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation describes the 4 transformation stages of the electric power industry as being vertical unbundling as seen in Europe and Asia, horizontal unbundling as seen in Canada and the United States, industry convergence as seen in Australia and New Zealand, and strategic consolidation as seen in the United Kingdom. The rationale for horizontal unbundling is described with reference to the asset owner, the asset manager and the utility service provider. The presentation includes several viewgraphs depicting the following: the asset management model; the path to success which was built upon a decade of experience; number of stock items from 1991 to 2001; substation capacity utilization from 1997 to 2001; O and M costs per customer from 1990 to 2000; reliability improvements from 1994 to 2000; the design, operation and maintenance of 13 investment pools; transition strategies for total transformation; and, regionally adjusted wage rates. 11 figs

  6. 2014 World Congress on Engineering Asset Management

    CERN Document Server

    Hoohlo, Changela; Mathew, Joe

    2015-01-01

    Engineering asset management encompasses all types of engineered assets including built environment, infrastructure, plant, equipment, hardware systems and components. Following the release of ISO 5500x set of standards, the 9th WCEAM addresses the hugely important issue of what constitutes the body of knowledge in Engineering Asset Management. Topics discussed by Congress delegates are grouped into a number of tracks including strategies for investment and divestment of assets, operations and maintenance of assets, assessments of assets condition, risk and vulnerability, technologies and systems for management of asset, standards, education, training and certification. These proceedings include a sample of the wide range of topics presented during the 9th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management in Pretoria South Africa 28 – 31 October, 2014 and complements other emerging publications and standards that embrace the wide ranging issues concerning the management of engineered physical assets.

  7. Modelling railway bridge asset management

    OpenAIRE

    Le, Bryant Linh Hai

    2014-01-01

    The UK has a long history in the railway industry with a large number of railway assets. Railway bridges form one of the major asset groups with more than 35,000 bridges. The majority of the bridge population are old being constructed over 100 years ago. Many of the bridges were not designed to meet the current network demand. With an expected increasing rate of deterioration due to the increasing traffic loads and intensities, the management authorities are faced with the difficult task of k...

  8. Saving-Based Asset Pricing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dreyer, Johannes Kabderian; Schneider, Johannes; T. Smith, William

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores the implications of a novel class of preferences for the behavior of asset prices. Following a suggestion by Marshall (1920), we entertain the possibility that people derive utility not only from consumption, but also from the very act of saving. These ‘‘saving-based’’ prefere......This paper explores the implications of a novel class of preferences for the behavior of asset prices. Following a suggestion by Marshall (1920), we entertain the possibility that people derive utility not only from consumption, but also from the very act of saving. These ‘‘saving...

  9. Asset Pricing with Liquidity Risk

    OpenAIRE

    Acharya, Viral V; Lasse Heje Pedersen

    2004-01-01

    This Paper solves explicitly a simple equilibrium asset pricing model with liquidity risk – the risk arising from unpredictable changes in liquidity over time. In our liquidity-adjusted capital asset pricing model, a security’s required return depends on its expected liquidity as well as on the covariances of its own return and liquidity with market return and market liquidity. In addition, the model shows how a negative shock to a security’s liquidity, if it is persistent, results in low con...

  10. The economics of asset securitization

    OpenAIRE

    Ronel Elul

    2005-01-01

    Ronel Elul explains why asset-backed securities exist and discusses some reasons for their common structure. Elul notes that despite well-developed theories on the what and why of securitization, more research is needed. In particular, additional research could uncover the effect that government regulation and bankruptcy law have on securitization.

  11. Covered bonds vs. assets securitization

    OpenAIRE

    Silviu Eduard DINCĂ

    2014-01-01

    During the past few years, in the recent post-crisis global banking and capital markets context, financial institutions around the globe are exploring new options to better secure their financing and refinancing demands. We will exhibit herewith a comparison between covered bonds and asset securitizations as financial markets-based funding techniques, highlighting certain key structuring and implementation specifics on each of them.

  12. Instructional Films: Asset or Liability?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braselman, Herbert P.

    1978-01-01

    The unique capabilities of film and research findings in educational psychology, learning psychology, and cost effectiveness indicate that film is an asset to the educational process. Sufficient resources and continued training should be provided to enable teachers to use the most effective film at the optimal time. (CMV)

  13. Labor Unions and Asset Prices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busato, Francesco; Addessi, William

    The paper investigates the nexus between labor and financial markets, focusing on the interaction between labor union behavior in setting wages, firms' investment strategy and asset prices. The way unions set wage claims after observing firm's financial performance increases the volatility of firms...

  14. Asset tracking in harsh environments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Current economic times require tight control of all assets / inventory and processes a company manages. These items if managed correctly and timely can mean the difference between success and failure of a company. Cost savings in hard economic times are essential to allow a company to utilize its assets to the fullest potential by eliminating duplication and waste. Accurate process management leads to greater customer satisfaction and loyalty. Many industries and processes have believed it to be impossible to track their products or assets using bar-codes due to the unique conditions of their environment; whether it is high temperature, rough handling or chemicals. That has now changed. Companies specializing in identification methods have stepped up to the challenge and have overcome many obstacles of the past. It's no longer a paper or plastic bar-code world. The presentation will be broken down into four parts: 1) The differences between Asset and ID tracking; 2) Why does a company need to bar-code?; 3) The objections many companies use for not bar-coding; and, 4) What's new in bar-coding? Case study handouts and a reference list of various companies including software, labeling and attachment techniques will be available at the end of the presentation. (author)

  15. Experimental Research On Asset Pricing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noussair, C.N.; Tucker, S.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract This paper selectively surveys some of the more prominent laboratory experimental studies on asset market behavior. The strands of literature considered are market microstructure, pari-mutuel betting markets, characteristics of participants, the effect of information release, and studies of

  16. Strategic Asset Seeking by EMNEs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Bent; Seifert, Jr., Rene E.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: The chapter provides an economic explanation and perspectivation of strategic asset seeking of multinational enterprises from emerging economies (EMNEs) as a prominent feature of today’s global economy. Approach: The authors apply and extend the “springboard perspective.” This perspective...

  17. Prediction of future asset prices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seong, Ng Yew; Hin, Pooi Ah; Ching, Soo Huei

    2014-12-01

    This paper attempts to incorporate trading volumes as an additional predictor for predicting asset prices. Denoting r(t) as the vector consisting of the time-t values of the trading volume and price of a given asset, we model the time-(t+1) asset price to be dependent on the present and l-1 past values r(t), r(t-1), ....., r(t-1+1) via a conditional distribution which is derived from a (2l+1)-dimensional power-normal distribution. A prediction interval based on the 100(α/2)% and 100(1-α/2)% points of the conditional distribution is then obtained. By examining the average lengths of the prediction intervals found by using the composite indices of the Malaysia stock market for the period 2008 to 2013, we found that the value 2 appears to be a good choice for l. With the omission of the trading volume in the vector r(t), the corresponding prediction interval exhibits a slightly longer average length, showing that it might be desirable to keep trading volume as a predictor. From the above conditional distribution, the probability that the time-(t+1) asset price will be larger than the time-t asset price is next computed. When the probability differs from 0 (or 1) by less than 0.03, the observed time-(t+1) increase in price tends to be negative (or positive). Thus the above probability has a good potential of being used as a market indicator in technical analysis.

  18. Recreational Assets in the State of Iowa

    Data.gov (United States)

    Iowa State University GIS Support and Research Facility — This dataset is meant to be a comprehensive database of recreational assets in public areas. Recreational assets are considered amenities provided to the public for...

  19. Problems of intangible assets commercialization accounting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.F. Legenchyk

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The growing role of intangible assets in conditions of global economy postindustrialization is grounded. The problems of intangible assets accounting are singled out. The basic tasks of the intangible assets accounting commercialization process are determined. The difference between the commercialization of intellectual property and intangible assets is considered. The basic approaches to understanding the essence of the intangible assets commercialization are singled out and grounded. The basic forms and methods of intangible assets commercialization researched by the author are analyzed. The order of accounting reflection of licensee royalties is considered. The factors of influence on the accounting process of intangible assets commercialization are determined. The necessity of solving the problem of accounting of lease payments for computer program by providing access to SaaS environment is grounded. The prospects of further studies of intangible assets accounting commercialization are determined.

  20. Liability valuation and optimal asset allocation

    OpenAIRE

    Inkmann, Joachim; Blake, David

    2004-01-01

    Current approaches to asset-liability management employ a sequence of distinct procedures to value liabilities and determine the asset allocation. First, a discount rate that is usually dic-tated by accounting standards is used to value liabilities. Second, the asset allocation is determined by maximizing some objective function in the surplus of assets over liabilities, taken as given the valuation of liabilities. We introduce a model that allows for the joint valuation of liabilities and th...

  1. Asset market hangovers and economic growth

    OpenAIRE

    Matthew Higgins; Carol Osler

    1997-01-01

    During the early 1990s, asset prices and investment were unusually weak throughout the industrial world. This paper highlights this stylized fact, and connects it with another: in most of the industrial world, asset markets boomed for several years before collapsing around 1989. The paper suggests that the sluggish asset markets and investment growth of the early 1990s may represent, in part, symptoms of an "asset market hangover," that is, the lingering effects on real activity of collapsing...

  2. Intangible Assets Valuation in the Hospitality Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Du, Ruixue

    2013-01-01

    Market value of firms and book value of firms are rarely the same. The difference, which is attributed to unrecorded or unrecognized intangible assets, has increased significantly since the 1970s. The issue of appropriately valuing these intangible assets, however, still remains unresolved. The purpose of this study is to address this lack of understanding of valuing intangible assets in the hospitality industry. Five intangible asset investments: Research and Development, Training, Advertisi...

  3. Safe Assets, Liquidity and Monetary Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Benigno, Pierpaolo; Nisticò, Salvatore

    2013-01-01

    This paper studies monetary policy in models where multiple assets have different liquidity properties: safe and "pseudo-safe" assets coexist. A shock worsening the liquidity properties of the pseudo-safe assets raises interest-rate spreads and can cause a deep recession cum deflation. Expanding the central bank's balance sheet fills the shortage of safe assets and counteracts the recession. Lowering the interest rate on reserves insulates market interest rates from the liquidity shock and im...

  4. Marketing intellectual assets: some approaches to estimation

    OpenAIRE

    Burlitska, Oksana Petrivna; Pinyak, Iryna Lyubomyrivna

    2012-01-01

    Main approaches to intellectual assets estimation in the context of the currentconception concerning the company cost management are systematized in the article. The attemptto introduce and classify the expenses dealing with marketing intellectual assets development ismade. The essential calculation procedures within comparative and profitable approaches in theintellectual assets estimation are found out. Our vision of the choice priority concerning theapproaches to certain marketing assets e...

  5. Asset Market Equilibrium with Short-Selling.

    OpenAIRE

    Nielsen, Lars Tyge

    1989-01-01

    This paper presents simple conditions and a simple proof of the existence of equilibrium in asset markets where short-selling is allowed and satiation is possible. Unlike standard nonsatiation assumptions, the one used here is weak enough to be reasonable in the mean-variance capital asset pricing model and in asset market models where investors maximize expected utility and where total returns to individual assets may be negative. Copyright 1989 by The Review of Economic Studies Limited.

  6. Asset liquidity, capital structure, and secured debt

    OpenAIRE

    Morellec, Erwan

    2001-01-01

    This paper investigates the impact of asset liquidity on the valuation of corporate securities and the firm's financing decisions. I show that asset liquidity increases debt capacity only when bond covenants restrict the disposition of assets. By contrast, I demonstrate that, with unsecured debt, greater liquidity increases credit spreads on corporate debt and reduces optimal leverage. The model also determines the extent to which pledging assets increases firm value and relates the optimal s...

  7. Capital Asset Prices with Heterogeneous Beliefs

    OpenAIRE

    Haim Levy

    2006-01-01

    We show that in a market with an infinite number of assets and investors with unbiased heterogeneous beliefs, asset prices are identical to pricing in the capital asset pricing model, even if prices reveal no information. This result holds despite the fact that in the heterogeneous market the separation theorem does not hold, and investors hold different portfolios, which are generally located below the capital market line. When the number of assets is finite, prices deviate systematically fr...

  8. Assets at marriage in rural Ethiopia

    OpenAIRE

    Fafchamps, Marcel; Quisumbing, Agnes

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines the determinants of assets at marriage in rural Ethiopia. We find ample evidence of assertive matching at marriage. Assets brought to marriage are distributed in a highly unequal manner. Sorting operates at a variety of levels - wealth, schooling, and work experience - that cannot be summarized into a single additive index. For first unions, assets brought to marriage are positively associated with parents’ wealth, indicating that a bequest motive affects assets at marriag...

  9. Experience with the ASSET service in Slovakia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The experience with the ASSET service in Slovakia is described, including the following: ASSET follow-up mission to Bohunice Unit 1-2 NPP; IAEA peer review of the national Incident Reporting System in the Slovak Republic; ASSET seminar on prevention of incidents, Bratislava, January 8-12, 1996

  10. Work at Forsmark since ASSET 1996

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The following directions of work at Forsmark since ASSET 1996 are briefly described: peer review follow-up; work related to peer review, Forsmark 2 mini-ASSET; MTO(man-technology-organization)-analysis method, concept development, combination of MTO and ASSET methods; Forsmark INES manual

  11. Assets and Educational Achievement: Theory and Evidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, William; Sherraden, Michael

    2013-01-01

    This special issue of Economics of Education Review explores the role of savings and asset holding in post-secondary educational achievement. Most college success research has focused on income rather than assets as a predictor, and most college financing policy has focused on tuition support and educational debt, rather than asset accumulation.…

  12. 12 CFR 560.160 - Asset classification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Asset classification. 560.160 Section 560.160... Lending and Investment Provisions Applicable to all Savings Associations § 560.160 Asset classification... consistent with, or reconcilable to, the asset classification system used by OTS in its Thrift...

  13. Approaches of Improving University Assets Management Efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jingliang

    2015-01-01

    University assets management, as an important content of modern university management, is generally confronted with the issue of low efficiency. Currently, to address the problems exposed in university assets management and take appropriate modification measures is an urgent issue in front of Chinese university assets management sectors. In this…

  14. Assessing Your Assets: Systems for Tracking and Managing IT Assets Can Save Time and Dollars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holub, Patricia A.

    2007-01-01

    The average school district loses more than $80,000 per year because of lost or damaged IT assets, according to a QED survey cosponsored by Follett Software Company. And many districts--59 percent--still use manual systems to track assets. Enter asset management systems. Software for managing assets, when implemented properly, can save time,…

  15. ASSET ALLOCATION AND ASSET PRICING IN THE FACE OF SYSTEMIC RISK: A LITERATURE OVERVIEW AND ASSESSMENT

    OpenAIRE

    CHRISTOPH MEINERDING

    2012-01-01

    This paper provides a detailed overview of the current research linking systemic risk, financial crises and contagion effects among assets on the one hand with asset allocation and asset pricing theory on the other hand. Based on the ample literature about definitions, measurement and properties of systemic risk, we derive some elementary ingredients for models of financial contagion and assess the current state of knowledge about asset allocation and asset pricing with explicit focus on syst...

  16. Neighborhood Assets and Adolescent Adjustment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Oliva Delgado

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a study analyzing the relationship between some dimensions or developmental assets in the neighborhood, as measured by the Scale for the Assessment of Developmental Assets in the Neighborhood, and adjustment and life satisfaction of adolescent boys and girls. The sample consisted of 2400 adolescents (1068 boys and 1332 girls between ages 12 and 17 who were secondary students in public and private schools in Western Andalusia. The results showed significant relationships between most dimensions of the scale (youth empowerment, attachment to neighbourhood safety and social control and internalizing and externalizing problems, substance use and life satisfaction of participants. Moreover, the data provide evidence about the external validity of the scale used in the study. From the results some suggestions for intervention in the community environment are extracted.

  17. Security: a supranational legal asset

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Monteiro Guedes Valente

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the concept of security as a manysided, multifunctional and multilevel regulation topology which requires its several actors to view legal assets from a polygonal perspective worthy of legal protection from local to global and from global to local space. The concept of security as a supranational legal asset requires criminal legislation which defines the principles of criminal policy and the intervention of criminal Law, barriers to security trends and to the attempt to enhance the principle of presumed hazard as a basis for criminal intervention. We contend that the obstacle to "human self-objectification" in the global polygon is a (new world legal order as humanity's future balance.

  18. Leverage and Asset Prices: An Experiment

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Fostel

    2012-01-01

    This is the first paper to test the asset pricing implication of leverage in a laboratory. We show that as theory predicts, leverage increases asset prices: when an asset can be used as collateral (i.e., when the asset can be bought on margin), its price goes up. This increase is significant, and quantitatively close to what theory predicts. However, important deviations from the theory arise in the laboratory. First, the demand for the asset shifts when it can be used as a collateral, even t...

  19. Marketing intellectual assets: some approaches to estimation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burlitska, Oksana Petrivna

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Main approaches to intellectual assets estimation in the context of the currentconception concerning the company cost management are systematized in the article. The attemptto introduce and classify the expenses dealing with marketing intellectual assets development ismade. The essential calculation procedures within comparative and profitable approaches in theintellectual assets estimation are found out. Our vision of the choice priority concerning theapproaches to certain marketing assets estimation is proposed. The problems of intellectual assetsestimation are detected. They need all-round and deep study and elimination due to the matrix thatwould connect the spheres of the company key competence and the above-mentioned types of assets.

  20. Cost minimization and asset pricing

    OpenAIRE

    Chambers, Robert G.; John Quiggin

    2005-01-01

    A cost-based approach to asset-pricing equilibrium relationships is developed. A cost function induces a stochastic discount factor (pricing kernel) that is a function of random output, prices, and capital stockt. By eliminating opportunities for arbitrage between financial markets and the production technology, firms minimize the current cost of future consumption. The first-order conditions for this cost minimization problem generate the stochastic discount factor. The cost-based approach i...

  1. Brand Loyalty- a Valuable Asset

    OpenAIRE

    Petruºcã Claudia-Ioana; Brunello Adrian

    2011-01-01

    Brand loyalty represents a significant factor which leads to the development of business competitiveness and also it is one of the most frequently implemented marketing initiatives by the practitioners. The question of how loyalty develops has been subject to an abundance of research, leading to an expansive body of literature on loyalty determinants. This article focuses on brand loyalty as an important company asset. Defining the concept and typology of brand loyalty supports practitioners ...

  2. Path Integral and Asset Pricing

    OpenAIRE

    Zura Kakushadze

    2014-01-01

    We give a pragmatic/pedagogical discussion of using Euclidean path integral in asset pricing. We then illustrate the path integral approach on short-rate models. By understanding the change of path integral measure in the Vasicek/Hull-White model, we can apply the same techniques to "less-tractable" models such as the Black-Karasinski model. We give explicit formulas for computing the bond pricing function in such models in the analog of quantum mechanical "semiclassical" approximation. We al...

  3. Debt Financing in Asset Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Zhiguo He; Wei Xiong

    2012-01-01

    We study rollover risk and collateral value in a dynamic asset pricing model with endogenous debt financing by extending the framework of Geanakoplos (2009) with a generic binomial tree and time-varying heterogeneous beliefs. Optimistic borrowers face rollover risk if the belief dispersion between the borrowers and the pessimistic lenders widens after interim bad news. We demonstrate the optimality of the maximum riskless short-term debt financing for optimistic borrowers even in the presence...

  4. Collateral-Based Asset Pricing

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto Steri

    2015-01-01

    Recent corporate finance studies show that hedging is a first-order driver of corporate decisions. I use firms' hedging behavior to build a novel asset pricing model, the Corporate CAPM. I propose a dynamic contracting framework in which collateral constraints induce a tradeoff between hedging and immediate needs for funding. Firms hedge by transferring resources to future states that are most important for firm's value. In the model, firms' hedging behavior is informative of the shareholders...

  5. Asset management of wastewater networks

    OpenAIRE

    Ugarelli, Rita Maria

    2008-01-01

    Asset Management (AM) is a set of procedures operable at the strategic-tacticaloperational level, for the management of the physical asset’s performance, associated risks and costs within its whole life-cycle. AM combines the engineering, managerial and informatics points of view. In addition to internal drivers, AM is driven by the demands of customers (social pull) and regulators (environmental mandates and economic considerations). AM can follow either a top-down or a bottom...

  6. Asset Pricing with Home Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Michal Pakos

    2008-01-01

    I analyze a stylized consumption-based asset pricing model that features heterogeneous agents and household capital, and discover a novel recession risk factor related to the cross-sectional second moments of the corresponding investments into such home capital. In order to fully isolate the orthogonal effects at work, I completely shut off the well-known mechanism of Constantinides and Duffie (1996) by explicitly stipulating homoscedastic cross-sectional distribution of nondurable goods and ...

  7. The Capital Asset Pricing Model

    OpenAIRE

    André F. Perold

    2004-01-01

    The Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) revolutionized modern finance. Developed in the early 1960s by William Sharpe, Jack Treynor, John Lintner and Jan Mossin, the model provided the first coherent framework for relating the required return on an investment to the risk of that investment. This paper lays out the key ideas of the model, places its development in a historical context, and discusses its applications and enduring importance to the field of finance.

  8. Capital Mobility and Asset Pricing

    OpenAIRE

    Duffie, Darrell; Strulovici, Bruno

    2009-01-01

    We present a model for the equilibrium movement of capital between asset markets that are distinguished only by the levels of capital invested in each. Investment in that market with the greatest amount of capital earns the lowest risk premium. Intermediaries optimally trade off the costs of intermediation against fees that depend on the gain they can offer to investors for moving their capital to the market with the higher mean return. Those fees also depend on the bargaining power of the in...

  9. Intangible Assets-According to German GAAP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heng Wang

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available With the growth of global markets, intangible assets have become more and more important for both investors and managers in recent years. Although the economic importance of intangible assets has long been recognised, there has been extensive debate as to the definition of intangible assets, how to measure intangible assets, and the extent to which enterprises should be required to report these assets. Intangible Assets are likely to become increasingly important with the continuing development of high-technology industries and global service markets. The meaningful and comparable accounting for intangible assets is likely to remain one of the key international challenges facing the accounting profession during the next decade and beyond.

  10. Implementation of ASSET concept in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents a retrospective assessment of the use of ASSET methodology in India since the first ASSET seminary organized by IAEA in collaboration with the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, India (AERB) in May, 1994. The first ASSET seminar was organized to initiate the spread of idea among operating and research organizations and regulatory body personnel. The participants were carefully chosen from various fields and with different levels of experiences to generate teams with sufficiently wide spectrum of knowledge base. AERB took initiative in leading by example and formed ASSET teams to carry out the first ASSET reviews in India. These teams at the instance of AERB carried out ASSET review of three Safety Related Events, two at Nuclear Power Plants and one at Research Reactor. This paper describes the outcome of these ASSET studies and subsequent implementation of the recommendations. The initiative taken by the regulatory body has led to formation of ASSET teams by the utilities to carry out ASSET study on their own. The results of these studies are yet to be assessed by the regulatory body. The result of the ASSET experience reveals the fact that it has further potential in improving the safety performance and safety culture and brining in fresh enthusiasm among safety professionals of Indian Nuclear Utilities

  11. Confidence Risk and Asset Prices

    OpenAIRE

    Ravi Bansal; Ivan Shaliastovich

    2009-01-01

    In the data, asset prices exhibit large negative moves at frequencies of about 18 months. These large moves are puzzling as they do not coincide, nor are they followed by any significant moves in the real side of the economy. On the other hand, we find that measures of investor's uncertainty about their estimate of future growth have significant information about large moves in returns. We set-up a recursive-utility based model in which investors learn about the latent expected growth using t...

  12. Investor Flows to Asset Managers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Susan E. K.; Musto, David K.; Wermers, Russ

    2014-01-01

    Cash flows between investors and funds are both cause and effect in a complex web of economic decisions. Among the issues at stake are the prospects and fees of the funds, the efforts and risk choices by the funds' managers, the pricing and comovement of the assets they trade, the stability...... of the financial system and the real economy, and the retirement security and protection of the investors. There is an accordingly large and growing literature on flows that has concentrated on the main retail investment pool, the open-end mutual fund, and has used flows to explore many aspects of retail financial...

  13. Renewable energies: the Spanish assets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Even though Spain is far away from the Kyoto protocol objectives, this country possesses numerous assets in terms of renewable energies. This report presents overviews of the present situation and of innovation and research activities in the different fields of renewable energies: wind energy, solar energy (thermal, thermoelectric and photovoltaic), hydraulic energy (dams, tide and wave energy), biomass (wood, bio-fuels, biogas). Along with these presentations, the authors propose tables and graphs of quantitative data concerning these different energy productions, at the national as well as at the regional level, with comparison with data for other European countries

  14. Nuclear asset management. Slide notes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear asset management is defined as the process for making resource allocation and risk management decisions at all levels of nuclear generation business to maximize value/profitability for all stakeholders while maintaining plant safety. In the presentation, the NAM concept is explained, financial benefits achieved in US industry over the past 12 years are outlined, Data Systems and Solutions (DS and S) is presented as a joint venture between Rolls-Royce and SAIC, and NAM benefits in nuclear industry from DS and S client experience are demonstrated. (P.A.)

  15. Nominal Rigidities and Asset Pricing

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Weber

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the asset-pricing implications of nominal rigidities. I find that firms that adjust their product prices infrequently earn a cross-sectional return premium of more than 4% per year. Merging confidential product price data at the firm level with stock returns, I document that the premium for sticky-price firms is a robust feature of the data and is not driven by other firm and industry characteristics. The consumption-wealth ratio is a strong predictor of the return differe...

  16. Asset protection through security awareness

    CERN Document Server

    Speed, Tyler Justin

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: What Is Information Security? Creating a Culture of Security Awareness Protecting Corporate Assets Protective MeasuresA Culture of Security AwarenessRemaining DynamicOverview of Security Awareness Categories Overview Industry StandardsPrivacy ConcernsPassword Management Credit Card Compliance (PCI) General File ManagementExamples of Security Regulations and LawsWho Is an IS Professional?Introduction Empowering Security Professionals Top-Down ApproachDiplomacyThe People Portion of Information SecurityThe IS SpecialistDiplomacy-The IS Professional's Best FriendEnd Users Are Great N

  17. Advantages of North Sea Assets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The North Sea is a significant hydrocarbon province and any large multinational will need to maintain North Sea assets within their portfolio - as indeed they do. The general feeling that pervades the oil industry that the North Sea is ''mature'' can be demonstrated by reference to the facts. The result is a potential fall-off in activity and a serious threat to the future levels of profitability in the region. Notwithstanding the continuing development of large fields, such as Troll, of or multi-field developments, for example BP's recent announcement on ETAPs, activity is beginning to fall, most noticeably at the front end of the development cycle, in exploration. (author)

  18. Newspaper archives : a knowledge asset

    OpenAIRE

    Pujari, Anita; Pai, Priya

    2005-01-01

    This paper deals with Newspaper Content as a source of knowledge and how Times Archives of the Times Group has converted the 166-year span of socio-political content of “The Times of India” and the 43 year economic and business barometer “The Economic Times” into an easily accessible Archive. The value of this Archive as a Knowledge Asset lies in its potential of being recalled, researched, reused and re-expressed by the various ventures of the Group. This paper describes the process of Micro...

  19. Asset Condition, Information Systems and Decision Models

    CERN Document Server

    Willett, Roger; Brown, Kerry; Mathew, Joseph

    2012-01-01

    Asset Condition, Information Systems and Decision Models, is the second volume of the Engineering Asset Management Review Series. The manuscripts provide examples of implementations of asset information systems as well as some practical applications of condition data for diagnostics and prognostics. The increasing trend is towards prognostics rather than diagnostics, hence the need for assessment and decision models that promote the conversion of condition data into prognostic information to improve life-cycle planning for engineered assets. The research papers included here serve to support the on-going development of Condition Monitoring standards. This volume comprises selected papers from the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd World Congresses on Engineering Asset Management, which were convened under the auspices of ISEAM in collaboration with a number of organisations, including CIEAM Australia, Asset Management Council Australia, BINDT UK, and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Chin...

  20. Retrading, production, and asset market performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gjerstad, Steven D; Porter, David; Smith, Vernon L; Winn, Abel

    2015-11-24

    Prior studies have shown that traders quickly converge to the price-quantity equilibrium in markets for goods that are immediately consumed, but they produce speculative price bubbles in resalable asset markets. We present a stock-flow model of durable assets in which the existing stock of assets is subject to depreciation and producers may produce additional units of the asset. In our laboratory experiments inexperienced consumers who can resell their units disregard the consumption value of the assets and compete vigorously with producers, depressing prices and production. Consumers who have first participated in experiments without resale learn to heed their consumption values and, when they are given the option to resell, trade at equilibrium prices. Reproducibility is therefore the most natural and most effective treatment for suppression of bubbles in asset market experiments. PMID:26553991

  1. Retrading, production, and asset market performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gjerstad, Steven D.; Porter, David; Smith, Vernon L.; Winn, Abel

    2015-01-01

    Prior studies have shown that traders quickly converge to the price–quantity equilibrium in markets for goods that are immediately consumed, but they produce speculative price bubbles in resalable asset markets. We present a stock-flow model of durable assets in which the existing stock of assets is subject to depreciation and producers may produce additional units of the asset. In our laboratory experiments inexperienced consumers who can resell their units disregard the consumption value of the assets and compete vigorously with producers, depressing prices and production. Consumers who have first participated in experiments without resale learn to heed their consumption values and, when they are given the option to resell, trade at equilibrium prices. Reproducibility is therefore the most natural and most effective treatment for suppression of bubbles in asset market experiments. PMID:26553991

  2. Are Asset Demand Functions Determined by CAPM?

    OpenAIRE

    Jeffrey A. Frankel; Dickens, William T.

    1983-01-01

    The Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPH) says that the responsiveness of asset-demands to expected returns depends (inversely) on the variance-covariance matrix of returns, rather than being an arbitrary set of parameters.Previous tests of CAPM have usually computed covariances of returns around sample means, and then checked whether the riskier assets are those with the higher mean returns. We offer a new technique for testing CAPM. The technique requires the use of time series data on actual ...

  3. Modeling the strategic trading of electricity assets

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira, Fernando de S.; Derek W. Bunn; London Business School

    2006-01-01

    We analyze how strategic asset trading can be used to gain competitive advantage. In the case of electricity markets, companies seek to improve the value of their generating portfolios by acquiring, or selling, power plants. Accordingly, we derive the basic determinants of plant value, explaining how a particular productive asset may have different values for different firms. From this, we develop an evolutionary model to understand how market structure interacts with strategic asset trading ...

  4. The Destruction of a Safe Haven Asset?

    OpenAIRE

    Baur, Dirk G.; Kristoffer Glover

    2012-01-01

    Gold has been a store of value for centuries and a safe haven for investors in the past decades. However, the increased investment in gold for speculative or hedging purposes has changed the safe haven property. We demonstrate theoretically and empirically that investor behaviour has the potential to destroy the safe haven property of gold. The results suggest that an asset cannot be both an investment asset and an effective safe haven asset. This finding has important implications for financ...

  5. Financial Regulation and Australian Dollar Liquid Assets

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandra Heath; Mark Manning

    2012-01-01

    Liquid assets with low credit and market risk have a number of uses in financial markets, such as providing collateral against short-term funding or credit exposures that arise between counterparties to financial transactions. This article examines the existing sources of demand for Australian dollar-denominated liquid assets. Given relatively low levels of government debt in Australia, demand for these assets has been increasing relative to supply for some time. A further increase in demand ...

  6. Asset Price Fluctuation and Price Indices

    OpenAIRE

    Shiratsuka, Shigenori

    1999-01-01

    Since the late 1980s, the Japanese economy has experienced tremendous rise and fall of asset prices and large fluctuations of real economic activity, while the general price level has remained relatively stable. Such developments have raised the question of whether monetary policy should target asset prices rather than conventional price indices. This paper focuses on how to make use of information inherent with asset price fluctuations in the monetary policy judgment. To this end, it investi...

  7. Are Financial Assets Priced Locally or Globally?

    OpenAIRE

    G. Andrew Karolyi; Rene M. Stulz

    2002-01-01

    We review the international finance literature to assess the extent to which international factors affect financial asset demands and prices. International asset pricing models with mean-variance investors predict that an asset's risk premium depends on its covariance with the world market portfolio and, possibly, with exchange rate changes. The existing empirical evidence shows that a country's risk premium depends on its covariance with the world market portfolio and that there is some evid...

  8. Improvement to Biological Assets Valuation Documentation

    OpenAIRE

    Evgeniya Popko

    2013-01-01

    The article deals with the improvement concerning the documentation on the valuation of an agricultural enterprise's biological assets. The objective of the paper is to substantiate the need for the new forms of primary documents for valuation of biological assets at fair value. Based on existing specialized forms of primary documents for long-term and current biological assets accounting it has been found that they do not fully meet the farmers requirements. To eliminate the deficit of the a...

  9. Aggregate Implications of Micro Asset Market Segmentation

    OpenAIRE

    Chris Edmond; Pierre-Olivier Weill

    2011-01-01

    This paper develops a consumption-based asset pricing model to explain and quantify the aggregate implications of a frictional financial system, comprised of many financial markets partially integrated with one another. Each of our micro financial market's is inhabited by traders who are specialized in that markets type of asset. We specify exogenously the level of segmentation that ultimately determines how much idiosyncratic risk traders bear in their micro market and derive aggregate asset...

  10. The Supply and Demand for Safe Assets

    OpenAIRE

    Gary B. Gorton; Guillermo Ordoñez

    2013-01-01

    There is a demand for safe assets, either government bonds or private substitutes, for use as collateral. Government bonds are safe assets, given the government's power to tax, but their supply is driven by fiscal considerations, and does not necessarily meet the private demand for safe assets. Unlike the government, the private sector cannot produce riskless collateral. When the private sector reaches its limit (the quality of private collateral), government bonds are net wealth, up to the g...

  11. Equilibrium in CAPM without a Riskless Asset.

    OpenAIRE

    Nielsen, Lars Tyge

    1990-01-01

    In the mean-variance capital asset pricing model without a riskless asset, the possibility of satiation sometimes leads to nonexistence of general equilibrium. Moreover, because portfolio preferences are not necessarily monotone, equilibrium asset prices, when they exist, may be negative or zero. To demonstrate the possibility of nonexistence, and to develop an intuitive understanding of when and why equilibrium does or does not exist, this paper fully investigates the special case of utility...

  12. Engineering Asset Management and Infrastructure Sustainability : Proceedings of the 5th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management

    CERN Document Server

    Ma, Lin; Tan, Andy; Weijnen, Margot; Lee, Jay

    2012-01-01

    Engineering Asset Management 2010 represents state-of-the art trends and developments in the emerging field of engineering asset management as presented at the Fifth World Congress on Engineering Asset Management (WCEAM). The proceedings of the WCEAM 2010 is an excellent reference for practitioners, researchers and students in the multidisciplinary field of asset management, covering topics such as: Asset condition monitoring and intelligent maintenance Asset data warehousing, data mining and fusion Asset performance and level-of-service models Design and life-cycle integrity of physical assets Education and training in asset management Engineering standards in asset management Fault diagnosis and prognostics Financial analysis methods for physical assets Human dimensions in integrated asset management Information quality management Information systems and knowledge management Intelligent sensors and devices Maintenance strategies in asset management Optimisation decisions in asset management Risk management ...

  13. Hedging with a correlated asset

    Science.gov (United States)

    Windcliff, H.; Wang, J.; Forsyth, P. A.; Vetzal, K. R.

    2007-03-01

    Hedging a contingent claim with an asset which is not perfectly correlated with the underlying asset results in unhedgeable residual risk. Even if the residual risk is considered diversifiable, the option writer is faced with the problem of uncertainty in the estimation of the drift rates of the underlying and the hedging instrument. If the residual risk is not considered diversifiable, then this risk can be priced using an actuarial standard deviation principle in infinitesimal time. In both cases, these models result in the same nonlinear partial differential equation (PDE). A fully implicit, monotone discretization method is developed for solution of this pricing PDE. This method is shown to converge to the viscosity solution. Certain grid conditions are required to guarantee monotonicity. An algorithm is derived which, given an initial grid, inserts a finite number of nodes in the grid to ensure that the monotonicity condition is satisfied. At each timestep, the nonlinear discretized algebraic equations are solved using an iterative algorithm, which is shown to be globally convergent. Monte Carlo hedging examples are given to illustrate the profit and loss distribution at the expiry of the option.

  14. Impairment of assets - between regulation and deregulation

    OpenAIRE

    Professor Traian Nicolae, Ph.D.

    2010-01-01

    Objective of IAS 36 Impairment of assets is to prescribe procedures that apply to an undertaking to ensure that its assets are carried at amounts not exceeding their recoverable amount if the carrying amount is recoverable in full. An asset is carried at an amount not exceeding the amount will be recovered through its use or sale. If this case proves, is described as impaired assets and IAS 36 requires the company to account for a loss of value. Also, the rule specifies that a business case s...

  15. Risk and return in oilfield asset holdings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Convention suggests that emerging market investment should provide commensurately lower risk or higher returns than comparable assets in developed countries. This study demonstrates that emerging markets contain regulatory specificities that challenge asset valuation model convergence and potentially invert risk return convention. 292 oilfield assets are used to provide evidence that, under upward oil prices, emerging markets are characterized by progressive state participation in oilfield cash flows. Specifically, this work advances the low oil price paradigm of prior oil and gas asset valuation studies and provides evidence that emerging market state participation terms limit the corporate value of globalization for the sector. (author)

  16. Fractional-moment Capital Asset Pricing model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li Hui; Wu Min [Dep. of Math., South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640 (China); Wang Xiaotian [Dep. of Math., South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640 (China)], E-mail: swa001@126.com

    2009-10-15

    In this paper, we introduce the definition of the '{alpha}-covariance' and present the fractional-moment versions of Capital Asset Pricing Model,which can be used to price assets when asset return distributions are likely to be stable Levy (or Student-t) distribution during panics and stampedes in worldwide security markets in 2008. Furthermore, if asset returns are truly governed by the infinite-variance stable Levy distributions, life is fundamentally riskier than in a purely Gaussian world. Sudden price movements like the worldwide security market crash in 2008 turn into real-world possibilities.

  17. Fractional-moment Capital Asset Pricing model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we introduce the definition of the 'α-covariance' and present the fractional-moment versions of Capital Asset Pricing Model,which can be used to price assets when asset return distributions are likely to be stable Levy (or Student-t) distribution during panics and stampedes in worldwide security markets in 2008. Furthermore, if asset returns are truly governed by the infinite-variance stable Levy distributions, life is fundamentally riskier than in a purely Gaussian world. Sudden price movements like the worldwide security market crash in 2008 turn into real-world possibilities.

  18. Illiquid Assets and Optimal Portfolio Choice

    OpenAIRE

    Schwartz, Eduardo S.; Tebaldi, Claudio

    2004-01-01

    The presence of illiquid assets, such as human wealth or a family owned business, complicates the problem of portfolio choice. This paper is concerned with the problem of optimal asset allocation and consumption in a continuous time model when one asset cannot be traded. This illiquid asset, which depends on an uninsurable source of risk, provides a liquid dividend. In the case of human capital we can think about this dividend as labor income. The agent is endowed with a given amount of the i...

  19. 76 FR 78594 - Reporting of Specified Foreign Financial Assets

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-19

    ... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BJ69 Reporting of Specified Foreign Financial Assets AGENCY... foreign financial assets (other than assets excepted from reporting as provided in Sec. 1.6038D-7T) with... interest in specified foreign financial assets (other than assets excepted from reporting as provided...

  20. Intangible assets for intangible deliverables

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elsmore, Matthew J.

    2008-01-01

    As the dominant economic business model in Europe, services are important when we consider intangible assets. This article argues a case for some kind of 'special relationship' between service firms and trade marks-specifically bearing in mind the CTM system and new EU services law. On the question...... if there can be constructive overlap between trade marks and services and how this emerges, the analysis shows there is reason both for and against thinking that together the relevant sets of laws, among other things, ease the transition from national- to Community-based trading for the overwhelming...... majority of EU businesses. The article suggests a starting point for a fresh yet reassuringly ordinary dialogue within trade mark law, one that asserts it a central role in realising predicted economic benefits of the Internal Market....

  1. CNOOC Acquires Oversea Assets Successfully

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hu Senlin

    2006-01-01

    @@ After last year CNOOC's bidding for buy the US energy company Unocal Corp lost out to the Chevron Corporation, it conducted the crossing-border asset-acquirement again in the beginning of this year. On Jan. 9, 2006,CNOOC Ltd signed a definitive agreement with Nigeria South Atlantic Petroleum Limited (SAPETRO) to acquire a 45 % working interest in an offshore oil developing license OML 130 in Nigeria for US$2.268 billion cash. The purchase will be funded by the internal capital resources of CNOOC Ltd. In which, US$1.75 billion will pay for buying SAPETRO, and the remaining cash will be used to pay for the early operation cost.

  2. Cogema acquires TOTAL's uranium assets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On April 28, France's nuclear fuel cycle conglomerate Cogema and petroleum group TOTAL announced a plan in which Cogema will assume ownership of TOTAL's uranium assets worldwide, and as part of the deal, each firm will acquire shares of the other. On June 2, the agreement will be submitted to shareholders and, assuming it is approved, will go into effect this year. The agreement calls for TOTAL to acquire a 10.8-percent share in Cogema, thus becoming its first private sector shareholder, by underwriting a reserve capital increase of FF1.5 billion (approximately US$283 million). In return, Cogema will pay FF2.52 billion for approximately 4.3 percent of TOTAL, as part of a reserve capital increase totalling FF4.07 billion

  3. BILINGUALISM: AN ASSET OR A BURDEN?

    OpenAIRE

    Ienneke Indra Dewi

    2008-01-01

    The article shows literary scholar opinion whether bilingualism is an asset or burden. The literary scholars see it from many aspects such as neuropsychological, cognitive, social, and psychology. From their research it found that generally bilingualism is an asset and not a burden. The analysis is also supported by argument and some examples from bilingual peoples.

  4. 12 CFR 347.210 - Asset maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Asset maintenance. 347.210 Section 347.210 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY INTERNATIONAL BANKING Foreign Banks § 347.210 Asset maintenance. (a) An insured branch of a foreign bank...

  5. Analytical Provision of Management of Intangible Assets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shelest Viktoriya S.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The goal of the article lies in the study of the process of conduct of economic analysis of such a complex product of the innovation and information society as objects of intellectual property, which are accepted in business accounting as intangible assets. All-absorbing integration processes in the economy and large-scale propagation of information technologies influence the capital structure. Thus, accepting intangible assets as a driving factor of competitiveness, enterprises prefer namely these assets, reducing the share of tangible assets. Taking this into account the scientists thoroughly studied the issues of economic analysis of intangible assets, since the obtained data are the main source of accounting and analytical information required for making weighted managerial decisions. At the same time, the issues of authenticity, accuracy, efficiency and transparency of the obtained results become topical. In the process of the study the article shows information content of the accounting and analytical data due to introduction of accounting and conduct of economic analysis of intangible assets. The article considers the modern state of the methods of analysis of intangible assets based on opinions of scientists. It characterises economic and legal state of development of licence agreements in Ukraine. It justifies economic expediency of use of such agreements. It forms the ways of making efficient managerial decisions on use of intangible assets in economic activity of subjects of entrepreneurship.

  6. Liquidity-related plan asset issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, B B; Johnson, M K; Zorn, W P

    2000-12-01

    By about 2025, most baby boomers will have retired, which will put a tremendous strain on public sector pension plans. Many will experience negative cash flows, and liquidity will be an increasing concern. Asset/liability studies can help measure the effect of this risk on system funding and contribution requirements, resulting in more informed asset allocation choices and benefit policies. PMID:11188405

  7. 39 CFR 3060.12 - Asset allocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Asset allocation. 3060.12 Section 3060.12 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL ACCOUNTING PRACTICES AND TAX RULES FOR THE THEORETICAL COMPETITIVE PRODUCTS ENTERPRISE § 3060.12 Asset allocation. Within 6 months of January 23, 2009, and for...

  8. BILINGUALISM: AN ASSET OR A BURDEN?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ienneke Indra Dewi

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The article shows literary scholar opinion whether bilingualism is an asset or burden. The literary scholars see it from many aspects such as neuropsychological, cognitive, social, and psychology. From their research it found that generally bilingualism is an asset and not a burden. The analysis is also supported by argument and some examples from bilingual peoples.

  9. Asset management methodology in NPP Cofrentes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Cofrentes asset management plan is articulated around the tool SIGAN (computer management system of nuclear assets), this tool allows you to structure in an objective and documented the investment plan aimed at modernization and management of the plant life, achieving a consensus among the parties involved in terms of planning development and implementation.

  10. Demonstration and Validation Assets: User Manual Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2008-06-30

    This report documents the development of a database-supported user manual for DEMVAL assets in the NSTI area of operations and focuses on providing comprehensive user information on DEMVAL assets serving businesses with national security technology applications in southern New Mexico. The DEMVAL asset program is being developed as part of the NSPP, funded by both Department of Energy (DOE) and NNSA. This report describes the development of a comprehensive user manual system for delivering indexed DEMVAL asset information to be used in marketing and visibility materials and to NSTI clients, prospective clients, stakeholders, and any person or organization seeking it. The data about area DEMVAL asset providers are organized in an SQL database with updateable application structure that optimizes ease of access and customizes search ability for the user.

  11. 6th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management

    CERN Document Server

    Ni, Jun; Sarangapani, Jagnathan; Mathew, Joseph

    2014-01-01

    This text represents state-of-the-art trends and developments in the emerging field of engineering asset management as presented at the Sixth World Congress on Engineering Asset Management (WCEAM) held in Cincinnati, OH, USA from October 3-5, 2011 The Proceedings of the WCEAM 2011 is an excellent reference for practitioners, researchers and students in the multidisciplinary field of asset management, covering topics such as: • Asset condition monitoring and intelligent maintenance • Asset data warehousing, data mining and fusion • Asset performance and level-of-service models • Design and lifecycle integrity of physical assets • Deterioration and preservation models for assets • Education and training in asset management • Engineering standards in asset management • Fault diagnosis and prognostics • Financial analysis methods for physical assets • Human dimensions in integrated asset management • Information quality management • Information systems and knowledge management • Intellig...

  12. Rate of Return Parity in Experimental Asset Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Jason Childs; Stuart Mestelman

    2004-01-01

    This paper applies experimental methods to evaluate the completeness of arbitrage and rate of return parity in simultaneous asset markets in which the assets are denominated in different currencies. Two assets, which return uncertain, but known, dividends in each trading period, are traded over twenty periods, after which the asset has no value. Results indicate that risk neutral rate of return parity is a strong predictor of relative asset prices when assets have common expected dividends an...

  13. The Differences Between Revaluation and Assets Impairment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BOBIȚAN Nicolae

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Impairment and revaluation are terms closely related to one another, with subtle differences. Revaluation and impairment both require the company to evaluate the assets for their fair value, and then take appropriate action in updating the accounting books. The major difference between the two is that a revaluation can be made upwards (to increase the value of the asset to market value or downwards (to ecrease the value. An impairment, on the other hand, only refers to one of the two, a fall in the market value which is then written down. The purpose of the paper is to establish what are the differences between revaluation and impairment of assets.

  14. Financial Assets of Private Households in Austria

    OpenAIRE

    Peter Mooslechner

    1995-01-01

    The stock of financial assets owned by private households at the end of 1993 was estimated at almost Sch 2,100 billion. For the individual household this amounts to financial assets worth about Sch 660,000 on average, while indebtedness was slightly higher than Sch 260,000. These amounts may seem high but the financial wealth of Austrian households is low in an international comparison. While in the U.S., Japan, and the United Kingdom financial assets are more than twice as high as nominal gr...

  15. Asset Forfeiture Laws and Criminal Deterrence

    OpenAIRE

    Derek Johnson; Thomas J. Miceli

    2013-01-01

    Asset forfeiture laws allow the seizure of assets used in the commission of a crime. This paper examines the impact of such laws on deterrence by incorporating the possibility of asset forfeiture into the standard economic model of crime. When punishment is by a fine that can be optimally chosen, forfeiture is never optimal because of the deadweight loss it imposes in the capital market. When the fine is limited by the offender’s wealth, forfeiture may or may not be desirable. Extensions of t...

  16. Life cycle management of hydro assets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Acres International Ltd. has developed and implemented a risk-based approach to the management of hydro plant assets in a least-cost manner. Recently, the Canadian Energy Association initiated a study to enhance Acres' asset management model to derive practical and efficient programs for rehabilitation of hydroelectric power plants. The study also determined the feasibility of developing suitable failure probability curves for some plant components including woodstave penstocks, steel penstocks and transformers. The study showed that the asset management model is also useful in determining the optimum timing for implementing capital remedial measures. 15 refs., 1 tab., 7 figs

  17. Managing Knowledge Assets in Project Environments

    OpenAIRE

    Ionel NĂFTĂNĂILĂ

    2012-01-01

    Knowledge, as the main source of competitive advantage in today’s knowledge-based society, is often a fuzzy concept, with no direct referent in the real world. In order to conceptualize it people use the metaphor of knowledge assets, assets that can be managed, evaluated, invested in, and that became the main source of value creation within the organization. The paper’s main purpose is to present an overview of the perspectives on knowledge assets for a better identification of what they comp...

  18. The complexity classification of intangible assets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula-Angela Vidrascu

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper tries to solve the complex problems of arising in the definition and delimitation of the intangible assets. Over time the technology develops and resizes continuously and along with it redefine in a very short time the theoretical and practical concepts of the economy. From the economic point of view an asset can be defined as a resource controlled by the enterprise as a result of past transactions or investments, and which is expected to generate future economic benefits. Intangible assets are the most important economic resources of an entity because in terms of their analysis of the technical, material and financial ñ of her evolution over time and the ability of continuous development. The main purpose of this article is to analyse the research carried out for the purposes of the definition and delimitation of intangible assets.

  19. Asset Valuation in an Experimental Market

    OpenAIRE

    Forsythe, Robert; Palfrey, Thomas R.; Plott, Charles R.

    1982-01-01

    The time path of asset prices is studied within a stationary experimental environment. After several replications prices converge to a perfect foresight equilibrium. A sequential market having an "informational trap" and a futures market are also studied.

  20. Integrated Facilities Management and Fixed Asset Accounting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golz, W. C., Jr.

    1984-01-01

    A record of a school district's assets--land, buildings, machinery, and equipment--can be a useful management tool that meets accounting requirements and provides appropriate information for budgeting, forecasting, and facilities management. (MLF)

  1. What have we learned from asset sales?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author has created a database of 33 sales of generating assets and has the characteristics of those sales to estimate the value of generating assets. The authors conclusion so far is negative: the sales observed to date have varied so widely in characteristics and price that observed sales data cannot be usefully employed to forecast with any reliability the price at which some other asset is likely to sell in a subsequent auction. The author concludes this does not mean that the auction method is in any way inferior to an administrative method for determining stranded costs. It simply means that there are at present no reliable inferences which can be drawn from this process to inform the administrative process. While this situation might change as more and more assets are auctioned, there are reasons to think that this may not be the case

  2. Recognition of losses to impairment of assets: impairment in oil operation and production assets

    OpenAIRE

    Odilanei Morais dos Santos; Ariovaldo dos Santos; Paula Danyelle Almeida da Silva

    2011-01-01

    Losses to impairment of assets are placed in the context that assets cannot be registered above their recoverable amount, through use or sale of by the company. In the oil sector, the representativeness of exploration and production assets is relevant and meaningful. Therefore, the practice in the industry is not new and dates of the 70’s. Moreover, oil companies are obligated to publish additional information about their typical activities. Thus, the purpose is to analyze how this addition...

  3. Improving the asset pricing ability of the Consumption-Capital Asset Pricing Model?

    OpenAIRE

    Rasmussen, Anne-Sofie Reng

    2006-01-01

    This paper compares the asset pricing ability of the traditional consumption-based capital asset pricing model to models from two strands of literature attempting to improve on the poor empirical results of the C-CAPM. One strand is based on the intertemporal asset pricing model of Campbell (1993, 1996) and Campbell and Vuolteenaho (2004). The model takes the traditional C-CAPM as its starting point, but substitutes all references to consumption out, as empirical consumption data is assumed t...

  4. Space assets for demining assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruijff, Michiel; Eriksson, Daniel; Bouvet, Thomas; Griffiths, Alexander; Craig, Matthew; Sahli, Hichem; González-Rosón, Fernando Valcarce; Willekens, Philippe; Ginati, Amnon

    2013-02-01

    Populations emerging from armed conflicts often remain threatened by landmines and explosive remnants of war. The international mine action community is concerned with the relief of this threat. The Space Assets for Demining Assistance (SADA) undertaking is a set of activities that aim at developing new services to improve the socio-economic impact of mine action activities, primarily focused on the release of land thought to be contaminated, a process described as land release. SADA was originally initiated by the International Astronautical Federation (IAF). It has been implemented under the Integrated Applications Promotion (IAP) program of the European Space Agency (ESA). Land release in mine action is the process whereby the demining community identifies, surveys and prioritizes suspected hazardous areas for more detailed investigation, which eventually results in the clearance of landmines and other explosives, thereby releasing land to the local population. SADA has a broad scope, covering activities, such as planning (risk and impact analysis, prioritization, and resource management), field operations and reporting. SADA services are developed in two phases: feasibility studies followed by demonstration projects. Three parallel feasibility studies have been performed. They aimed at defining an integrated set of space enabled services to support the land release process in mine action, and at analyzing their added value, viability and sustainability. The needs of the mine action sector have been assessed and the potential contribution of space assets has been identified. Support services have been formulated. To test their fieldability, proofs of concept involving mine action end users in various operational field settings have been performed by each of the study teams. The economic viability has also been assessed. Whenever relevant and cost-effective, SADA aims at integrating Earth observation data, GNSS navigation and SatCom technologies with existing

  5. The Asset Allocation of Private Pension Plans

    OpenAIRE

    Papke, Leslie E.

    1991-01-01

    This paper summarizes the Form 5500 data on private pension fund investment. Using Form 5500 data from 1981 to 1987, the asset allocation of single employer and mu1tiemp1oyer defined benefit and defined contribution plans is reported, as well as the asset mix of the following subgroups: defined benefit plans categorized by plan funding ratio, sole and multiple defined contribution plans, savings or thrift, money purchase, ESOP, and 401(k) defined contribution plans. A brief survey of the lite...

  6. Household Assets and Rural Finance in Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Onafowokan O. Oluyombo

    2013-01-01

    The study assesses the roles played by the loan service of cooperatives on household assets acquisition among cooperative members in rural communities of Ogun State where there is no bank.Independent student test and one way analysis of variance were used to analyze the data collected through questionnaire from 302 members. The study shows that the following assets – land, generator, television, radio and refrigerator – were more likely to be acquired by members than non-members. This is an i...

  7. Asset pricing and capital structure of SMEs

    OpenAIRE

    Crain, Michael Alan

    2013-01-01

    This thesis examines asset pricing and capital structure of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in three essays. Firm finance and asset pricing are areas of voluminous research in the literature. Most of this research observes firms trading on public stock exchanges. In my thesis, I examine privately-owned SMEs where relatively little research has been done. I use a proprietary database of over 16,000 SMEs that sold from 1990 to 2010, reporting market valuations and accounting informat...

  8. INTANGIBLE ASSETS – AN OPEN ISSUE

    OpenAIRE

    Cristina-Ionela Fadur

    2011-01-01

    We live in an ever more competitive, globalized world, in continuous technological evolution. Optimal resource management implies detailed knowledge on the value of intangible assets. In the present article, we aim to analyze the issue of intangible assets from the perspective of the Spanish accounting system, in order to identify the similarities and differences between it and the Romanian accounting system. The purpose of our approach is to complete the stage of knowledge concerning intangi...

  9. Inventory Management with Asset-Based Financing

    OpenAIRE

    John A. Buzacott; Rachel Q. Zhang

    2004-01-01

    Most of the traditional models in production and inventory control ignore the financial states of an organization and can lead to infeasible practices in real systems. This paper is the first attempt to incorporate asset-based financing into production decisions. Instead of setting a known, exogenously determined budgetary constraint as most existing models suggest, we model the available cash in each period as a function of assets and liabilities that may be updated periodically according to...

  10. Executive compensation based on asset values

    OpenAIRE

    Hans Bystrom

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes how credit default swaps could be employed to create performance based executive compensation portfolios that reflect the value of a firm's debt as well as equity; i.e. the total value of all a firm's assets. We define so-called Asset Value Unit (AVU) compensation portfolios that work both for executive- and non-executive pay schemes in financial as well as non-financial firms.

  11. THE BUSINESS MODEL AND FINANCIAL ASSETS MEASUREMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Ileana NICULA

    2012-01-01

    The paper work analyses some aspects regarding the implementation of IFRS 9, the relationship between the business model approach and the assets classification and measurement. It does not discuss the cash flows characteristics, another important aspect of assets classification, or the reclassifications. The business model is related to some characteristics of the banks (opaqueness, leverage ratio, compliance to capital, sound liquidity requirements and risk management) and to Special Purpose...

  12. Systemic Risks, Financial Intermediaries, and Asset Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Gandhi, Priyank

    2012-01-01

    The credit crisis of 2007-2009 has sparked an enormous interest in the role that financial intermediaries play in our economy. Recent literature examines how financial intermediaries affect not only macro-economic variables but also asset markets such as the stock and the bond markets. The underlying theme in this recent literature is that the function of financial intermediaries in our asset markets is not yet completely understood and requires further study. This dissertation is based on th...

  13. Analytical Provision of Management of Intangible Assets

    OpenAIRE

    Shelest Viktoriya S.

    2013-01-01

    The goal of the article lies in the study of the process of conduct of economic analysis of such a complex product of the innovation and information society as objects of intellectual property, which are accepted in business accounting as intangible assets. All-absorbing integration processes in the economy and large-scale propagation of information technologies influence the capital structure. Thus, accepting intangible assets as a driving factor of competitiveness, enterprises prefer namely...

  14. Fed asset buying and private borrowing rates

    OpenAIRE

    Bauer, Michael D.

    2012-01-01

    Past rounds of large-scale asset purchases by the Federal Reserve have lowered yields not only on the targeted securities, but also on various private borrowing rates. In particular, yields on corporate bonds and primary mortgage rates decreased in response to Fed asset purchase announcements. Notably, however, the link between rates on mortgage-backed securities and actual mortgage rates has weakened in the wake of the financial crisis.

  15. The Theoretical Underpinnings of Customer Asset Management

    OpenAIRE

    Bolton, R.N.; Lemo, K.N.; Verhoef, Peter

    2002-01-01

    textabstractMost research in customer asset management has focused on specific aspects of the value of the customer to the company. The purpose of this article is to propose an integrated framework ? called CUSAMS -- that enables service organizations to comprehensively assess the value of their "customer assets" and to understand the influence of marketing instruments on them. The foundation of the CUSAMS framework is a careful specification of key customer behaviors that reflect the length,...

  16. Integrating ESRI GIS with asset database

    OpenAIRE

    Škerjanc, Matej

    2013-01-01

    Elektro Celje d.d. is one of the five Slovenian distributers of electrical energy. They keep records of their electric distribution network in several different computer systems. For their business system and records of their fixed assets they use “Baza tehničnih podatkov” (BTP, angl. database of technical data). Information about the geographical location of the assets is stored in the geographic information system (GIS). Such data sharing without interconnection is causing problems to the c...

  17. Inference, arbitrage, and asset price volatility

    OpenAIRE

    Adrian, Tobias

    2004-01-01

    This paper models the impact of arbitrageurs on stock prices when arbitrageurs are uncertain about the drift of the dividend process of a risky asset. Under perfect information, the presence of risk-neutral arbitrageurs unambiguously reduces the volatility of asset returns. When arbitrageurs are uncertain about the drift of the dividend process, they condition their investment strategy on the observation of dividends and trading volume. In such a setting, the presence of arbitrageurs can lead...

  18. A review of capital asset pricing models

    OpenAIRE

    Don U.A. Galagedera

    2007-01-01

    Purpose -The main aspect of security analysis is its valuation through a relationship between the security return and the associated risk. The purpose of this paper is to review the traditional capital asset pricing model (CAPM) and its variants adopted in empirical investigations of asset pricing. Design/methodology/approach -Pricing models are discussed under five categories: the single-factor model, multifactor models, CAPM with higher order systematic co-moments, CAPM conditional on marke...

  19. Financial Risk Aversion and Household Asset Diversification

    OpenAIRE

    Barasinska, Nataliya; Schäfer, Dorothea; Stephan, Andreas

    2008-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between risk attitude and asset diversification in household portfolios. We first examine the impact of manifested risk aversion on the total number of distinct assets held in a portfolio (naive diversification). The second part of the paper focuses on a more sophisticated strategy of diversification and asks whether financial theory is compatible with observed diversification patterns. Based on the German Socioeconomic Panel which provides unique measures...

  20. Financial Contagion and Asset Liquidation Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Zachary Feinstein

    2015-01-01

    This paper provides a framework for modeling the financial system with multiple illiquid assets during a crisis. This extends the network model of Cifuentes, Shin & Ferrucci (2005) that incorporates a single asset with fire sales. We prove sufficient conditions for the existence and uniqueness of equilibrium clearing payments and liquidation prices. We prove sufficient conditions for the existence of an equilibrium liquidation strategy with corresponding clearing payments and liquidation pric...

  1. Developing sustainable advantage in asset management

    OpenAIRE

    Moles, Peter

    2006-01-01

    This paper considers how asset management firms seek to develop sustainable advantage in a fragmented industry that has few obvious economies of scale and scope. It shows that the generic competitive strategies of cost leadership and differentiation are both applicable but lead to very different types of asset management firms. The key differentiators for firms are in their investment philosophies and attitude to trading. How firms address these two dimensions leads to various ‘types’ of asse...

  2. Entropy-Based Financial Asset Pricing

    OpenAIRE

    Mihaly Ormos; David Zibriczky

    2014-01-01

    We investigate entropy as a financial risk measure. Entropy explains the equity premium of securities and portfolios in a simpler way and, at the same time, with higher explanatory power than the beta parameter of the capital asset pricing model. For asset pricing we define the continuous entropy as an alternative measure of risk. Our results show that entropy decreases in the function of the number of securities involved in a portfolio in a similar way to the standard deviation, and that eff...

  3. Evaluating Asset Pricing Implications of DSGE Models

    OpenAIRE

    Reffett, Kevin L; Frank Schorfheide

    2000-01-01

    This paper conducts an econometric evaluation of structural macroeconomic asset pricing models. A one-sector dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model (DSGE) with habit formation and capital adjustment costs is considered. Based on the log-linearized DSGE model, a Gaussian probability model for the joint distribution of aggregate consumption, investment, and a vector of asset returns R(t) is specified. We facilitate the stochastic discount factor M(t) representation obtained from the DSGE ...

  4. Econometric evaluation of asset pricing models

    OpenAIRE

    Ferson, Wayne E; Ravi Jagannathan

    1996-01-01

    We provide a brief review of the techniques that are based on the Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) and used for evaluating capital asset pricing models. We first develop the CAPM and multi-beta models and discuss the classical two-stage regression method originally used to evaluate them. We then describe the pricing kernel representation of a generic asset pricing model; this representation facilitates use of the GMM in a natural way for evaluating the conditional and unconditional version...

  5. Empirical Testing of Asset Pricing Models

    OpenAIRE

    Bruce N. Lehmann

    1992-01-01

    This essay reviews the extensive literature on empirical testing of asset pricing models. It briefly describes the kinds of asset pricing models typically tested in the literature and explicates their econometric implications, both in terms of the estimation of relevant parameters and tests of their implied restrictions. Pertinent aspects of the available data on security prices and macroeconomic variables are discussed as well. The essay concludes with the examination of selected aspects of ...

  6. Last Mile Asset Monitoring; Low Cost Rapid Deployment Asset Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zumr, Zdenek

    high levels of harmonic distortion. The excessive loading and harmonic profile can potentially result in damaging heat build-up resulting in asset degradation. In this thesis I present a device and method that monitors pole mounted distribution transformers for overheating, collect and wirelessly upload data and initiate commands to chargers to change output levels from Level 2 to Level 1 or shut down EV charging altogether until the transformer returns into safe operational range.

  7. 5 CFR 4001.105 - Purchase of System institution assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Purchase of System institution assets....105 Purchase of System institution assets. (a) Prohibition on purchasing assets owned by a System... asset (such as real property, vehicles, furniture, or similar items) from a System institution...

  8. 48 CFR 28.203-2 - Acceptability of assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Acceptability of assets... Acceptability of assets. (a) The Government will accept only cash, readily marketable assets, or irrevocable... underlying bond obligations. (b) Acceptable assets include— (1) Cash, or certificates of deposit, or...

  9. 16 CFR 802.50 - Acquisitions of foreign assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Acquisitions of foreign assets. 802.50... Acquisitions of foreign assets. (a) The acquisition of assets located outside the United States shall be exempt from the requirements of the act unless the foreign assets the acquiring person would hold as a...

  10. 12 CFR 28.20 - Maintenance of assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Maintenance of assets. 28.20 Section 28.20... ACTIVITIES Federal Branches and Agencies of Foreign Banks § 28.20 Maintenance of assets. (a) General rule. (1... certain assets in the state in which its Federal branch or agency is located. Those assets may...

  11. 26 CFR 301.7507-3 - Segregated or transferred assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Segregated or transferred assets. 301.7507-3... States § 301.7507-3 Segregated or transferred assets. (a) In general. In a case involving segregated or transferred assets, it is not necessary, for application of section 7507, that the assets shall...

  12. 5 CFR 4101.105 - Purchase of System institution assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Purchase of System institution assets... assets. (a) Prohibition on purchasing assets owned by a System institution. No covered employee, or spouse or minor child of a covered employee, shall purchase, directly or indirectly, an asset (such...

  13. 12 CFR 9.13 - Custody of fiduciary assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Custody of fiduciary assets. 9.13 Section 9.13... NATIONAL BANKS Regulations § 9.13 Custody of fiduciary assets. (a) Control of fiduciary assets. A national bank shall place assets of fiduciary accounts in the joint custody or control of not fewer than two...

  14. 47 CFR 36.162 - Intangible assets-Account 2690.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Intangible assets-Account 2690. 36.162 Section... Amortizable Assets § 36.162 Intangible assets—Account 2690. (a) Intangible Assets, Account 2690 includes the..., Account 2001, excluding the Intangible Assets, Account 2690. Telecommunications Plant—Other...

  15. 48 CFR 28.203-4 - Substitution of assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Substitution of assets. 28... assets. An individual surety may request the Government to accept a substitute asset for that currently... may agree to the substitution of assets upon determining, after consultation with legal counsel,...

  16. 48 CFR 52.228-11 - Pledges of Assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Pledges of Assets. 52.228... Pledges of Assets. As prescribed in 28.203-6, insert the following clause: Pledges of Assets (SEP 2009) (a... bond, or a payment bond— (1) Pledge of assets; and (2) Standard Form 28, Affidavit of Individual...

  17. 12 CFR 701.36 - FCU ownership of fixed assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false FCU ownership of fixed assets. 701.36 Section... ORGANIZATION AND OPERATION OF FEDERAL CREDIT UNIONS § 701.36 FCU ownership of fixed assets. (a) Investment in Fixed Assets. (1) No Federal credit union with $1,000,000 or more in assets may invest in any...

  18. 26 CFR 301.7507-4 - Unsegregated assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Unsegregated assets. 301.7507-4 Section 301... Unsegregated assets. (a) Depositors' claims against assets. (1) Claims of depositors, to the extent that they are to be satisfied out of segregated assets, will not be considered in determining the...

  19. System and Method for Monitoring Distributed Asset Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorinevsky, Dimitry (Inventor)

    2015-01-01

    A computer-based monitoring system and monitoring method implemented in computer software for detecting, estimating, and reporting the condition states, their changes, and anomalies for many assets. The assets are of same type, are operated over a period of time, and outfitted with data collection systems. The proposed monitoring method accounts for variability of working conditions for each asset by using regression model that characterizes asset performance. The assets are of the same type but not identical. The proposed monitoring method accounts for asset-to-asset variability; it also accounts for drifts and trends in the asset condition and data. The proposed monitoring system can perform distributed processing of massive amounts of historical data without discarding any useful information where moving all the asset data into one central computing system might be infeasible. The overall processing is includes distributed preprocessing data records from each asset to produce compressed data.

  20. 78 FR 72018 - Allocation of Assets in Single-Employer Plans; Valuation of Benefits and Assets; Expected...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-02

    ... CORPORATION 29 CFR Part 4044 Allocation of Assets in Single-Employer Plans; Valuation of Benefits and Assets... rule amends the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation's regulation on Allocation of Assets in Single... Assets in Single-Employer Plans (29 CFR part 4044) sets forth (in subpart B) the methods for valuing...

  1. 76 FR 74699 - Allocation of Assets in Single-Employer Plans; Valuation of Benefits and Assets; Expected...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    ... CORPORATION 29 CFR Part 4044 Allocation of Assets in Single-Employer Plans; Valuation of Benefits and Assets... rule amends Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation's regulation on Allocation of Assets in Single...). PBGC's regulation on Allocation of Assets in Single-Employer Plans (29 CFR part 4044) sets forth...

  2. The Role of Agribusiness Assets in Investment Portfolios

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Michael; Malcolm, Bill; O'Connor, Ian

    2006-01-01

    Investment in agribusiness assets has grown significantly in recent years. The question of interest is whether including agribusiness assets in investment portfolios provide benefits. The effects of diversification by including agribusiness assets in two investment portfolios, a mixed asset portfolio and a diversified share portfolio was investigated using Markowitz’s (1952) Modern Portfolio Theory (MPT) of mean-variance optimization. To measure the performance of agribusiness assets, an in...

  3. A Model for Bank’s Optimal Asset Securitization Program

    OpenAIRE

    Masahiko Egami; Kaoru Hosono

    2010-01-01

    We propose a framework to examine banks’ asset securitization program. It provides a comprehensive view that explains various separate findings and claims in the literature. We derive optimal timing and quantity of banks’ asset securitization by explicitly incorporating stochastic asset returns and leverage constraints. We also quantify how much additional value can be created by asset securitization program, which gives some insights into why banks securitize assets. We further conduct some ...

  4. Computer Based Asset Management System For Commercial Banks

    OpenAIRE

    Amanze; Bethran Chibuike

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT The Computer-based Asset Management System is a web-based system. It allows commercial banks to keep track of their assets. The most advantages of this system are the effective management of asset by keeping records of the asset and retrieval of information. In this research I gather the information to define the requirements of the new application and look at factors how commercial banks managed their asset.

  5. Women's assets and intrahousehold allocation in rural Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    Quisumbing, Agnes R.; de la Briere, Benedicte

    2000-01-01

    This paper examines how differences in the bargaining power of husband and wife affect the distribution of consumption expenditures in rural Bangladeshi households. Two alternative measures of assets are used: current assets and the value of assets brought to marriage. Results show that both assets at marriage and current assets are strongly determined by the human capital of husband and wife and the characteristics of their origin families. For both husband and wife, parents' landholdings ar...

  6. The Q theory of investment, the capital asset pricing model, and asset valuation: a synthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, John F

    2004-05-01

    The paper combines Tobin's Q theory of real investment with the capital asset pricing model to produce a new and relatively simple procedure for the valuation of real assets using the income approach. Applications of the new method are provided. PMID:15083535

  7. 12 CFR 550.250 - Must I keep fiduciary assets separate from other assets?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Must I keep fiduciary assets separate from other assets? 550.250 Section 550.250 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FIDUCIARY POWERS OF SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS Exercising Fiduciary Powers Custody and Control of...

  8. Macroeconomic Dynamics of Assets, Leverage and Trust

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozendaal, Jeroen C.; Malevergne, Yannick; Sornette, Didier

    A macroeconomic model based on the economic variables (i) assets, (ii) leverage (defined as debt over asset) and (iii) trust (defined as the maximum sustainable leverage) is proposed to investigate the role of credit in the dynamics of economic growth, and how credit may be associated with both economic performance and confidence. Our first notable finding is the mechanism of reward/penalty associated with patience, as quantified by the return on assets. In regular economies where the EBITA/Assets ratio is larger than the cost of debt, starting with a trust higher than leverage results in the highest long-term return on assets (which can be seen as a proxy for economic growth). Therefore, patient economies that first build trust and then increase leverage are positively rewarded. Our second main finding concerns a recommendation for the reaction of a central bank to an external shock that affects negatively the economic growth. We find that late policy intervention in the model economy results in the highest long-term return on assets. However, this comes at the cost of suffering longer from the crisis until the intervention occurs. The phenomenon that late intervention is most effective to attain a high long-term return on assets can be ascribed to the fact that postponing intervention allows trust to increase first, and it is most effective to intervene when trust is high. These results are derived from two fundamental assumptions underlying our model: (a) trust tends to increase when it is above leverage; (b) economic agents learn optimally to adjust debt for a given level of trust and amount of assets. Using a Markov Switching Model for the EBITA/Assets ratio, we have successfully calibrated our model to the empirical data of the return on equity of the EURO STOXX 50 for the time period 2000-2013. We find that dynamics of leverage and trust can be highly nonmonotonous with curved trajectories, as a result of the nonlinear coupling between the variables. This

  9. Operational management of offshore energy assets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolios, A. J.; Martinez Luengo, M.

    2016-02-01

    Energy assets and especially those deployed offshore are subject to a variety of harsh operational and environmental conditions which lead to deterioration of their performance and structural capacity over time. The aim of reduction of CAPEX in new installations shifts focus to operational management to monitor and assess performance of critical assets ensuring their fitness for service throughout their service life and also to provide appropriate and effective information towards requalification or other end of life scenarios, optimizing the OPEX. Over the last decades, the offshore oil & gas industry has developed and applied various approaches in operational management of assets through Structural Health and Condition Monitoring (SHM/CM) systems which can be, at a certain level, transferable to offshore renewable installations. This paper aims to highlight the key differences between offshore oil & gas and renewable energy assets from a structural integrity and reliability perspective, provide a comprehensive overview of different approaches that are available and applicable, and distinguish the benefits of such systems in the efficient operation of offshore energy assets.

  10. Instandhaltung und Plant Asset Management - zwei Welten?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horch, Alexander

    Der Begriff des Asset Management wird nicht mehr nur in der Finanzwelt gebraucht, sondern seit einigen Jahren auch zunehmend in der produzierenden Industrie, insbesondere in der Prozessindustrie. Die Interessengemeinschaft Automatisierungstechnik der Prozessindustrie, NAMUR, hat bereits im Jahr 2001 eine entsprechende Empfehlung zum Thema anlagennahes Asset Management (Plant Asset Management) vorgelegt. In dieser Empfehlung (NAMUR NE 91) taucht der Begriff 'Instandhaltung' in verschiedener Verwendung 15 Mal auf. Die klassische Instandhaltung ist seit vielen Jahren wohl etabliert und definiert, was die große Anzahl Richtlinien, Beschreibungen und Standards belegt (DIN 31051, VDI 2884, VDI 2888, VDI 2889, VDI 2890). Eine oft geäußerte Kritik dem Plant Asset Management gegenüber ist, dass im Grunde nichts Neues angeboten wird, über die Instandhaltung hinaus. Auf der anderen Seite wird das Plant Asset Management seit über zehn Jahren vermehrt gebraucht und etabliert. Dieser scheinbare Widerspruch soll in diesem Beitrag ausgeräumt werden. Als Motivation sollen drei Beispiele kurz beschrieben werden.

  11. CREATIVE ACCOUNTING – TANGIBLE ASSETS AND AMORTIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PARTENIE DUMBRAVĂ

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Evaluation is a necessary first order and consists of expressed using monetary standard the assets, processes and resources of the entities. Economic entities and their leaders have different techniques for handling information presented in the annual statements: to influence the results or to change the entity financial position. The most used creative accounting techniques for tangible assets are the following: treatment of amortization and impairments policy, the revaluation of tangible assets, capitalization of expenses subsequent to commissioning (capitalize or not the expenses and treatment of development costs. The objective of this paper is to present the influence of the amortization policy used by entities in Romania and Hungary by a case study on the annual financial statements.

  12. Risk analysis for critical asset protection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGill, William L; Ayyub, Bilal M; Kaminskiy, Mark

    2007-10-01

    This article proposes a quantitative risk assessment and management framework that supports strategic asset-level resource allocation decision making for critical infrastructure and key resource protection. The proposed framework consists of five phases: scenario identification, consequence and criticality assessment, security vulnerability assessment, threat likelihood assessment, and benefit-cost analysis. Key innovations in this methodology include its initial focus on fundamental asset characteristics to generate an exhaustive set of plausible threat scenarios based on a target susceptibility matrix (which we refer to as asset-driven analysis) and an approach to threat likelihood assessment that captures adversary tendencies to shift their preferences in response to security investments based on the expected utilities of alternative attack profiles assessed from the adversary perspective. A notional example is provided to demonstrate an application of the proposed framework. Extensions of this model to support strategic portfolio-level analysis and tactical risk analysis are suggested. PMID:18076495

  13. Ontology modeling in physical asset integrity management

    CERN Document Server

    Yacout, Soumaya

    2015-01-01

    This book presents cutting-edge applications of, and up-to-date research on, ontology engineering techniques in the physical asset integrity domain. Though a survey of state-of-the-art theory and methods on ontology engineering, the authors emphasize essential topics including data integration modeling, knowledge representation, and semantic interpretation. The book also reflects novel topics dealing with the advanced problems of physical asset integrity applications such as heterogeneity, data inconsistency, and interoperability existing in design and utilization. With a distinctive focus on applications relevant in heavy industry, Ontology Modeling in Physical Asset Integrity Management is ideal for practicing industrial and mechanical engineers working in the field, as well as researchers and graduate concerned with ontology engineering in physical systems life cycles. This book also: Introduces practicing engineers, research scientists, and graduate students to ontology engineering as a modeling techniqu...

  14. Entropy-based financial asset pricing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ormos, Mihály; Zibriczky, Dávid

    2014-01-01

    We investigate entropy as a financial risk measure. Entropy explains the equity premium of securities and portfolios in a simpler way and, at the same time, with higher explanatory power than the beta parameter of the capital asset pricing model. For asset pricing we define the continuous entropy as an alternative measure of risk. Our results show that entropy decreases in the function of the number of securities involved in a portfolio in a similar way to the standard deviation, and that efficient portfolios are situated on a hyperbola in the expected return-entropy system. For empirical investigation we use daily returns of 150 randomly selected securities for a period of 27 years. Our regression results show that entropy has a higher explanatory power for the expected return than the capital asset pricing model beta. Furthermore we show the time varying behavior of the beta along with entropy. PMID:25545668

  15. Modelling the Costs of Preserving Digital Assets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kejser, Ulla Bøgvad; Nielsen, Anders Bo; Thirifays, Alex

    2012-01-01

    Information is increasingly being produced in digital form, and some of it must be preserved for the longterm. Digital preservation includes a series of actively managed activities that require on-going funding. To obtain sufficient resources, there is a need for assessing the costs and the...... benefits accrued by preserving the assets. Cost data is also needed for optimizing activities and comparing the costs of different preservation alternatives. The purpose of this study is to analyse generic requirements for modelling the cost of preserving digital assets. The analysis was based on...... experiences from a Danish project to develop a cost model. It was found that a generic cost model should account for the nature of the organisation and the assets to be preserved, and for all major preservation activities and cost drivers. In addition, it should describe accounting principles. It was proposed...

  16. Metadata for the description of broadcast assets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Efthimiadis, Efthimis N.; Mai, Jens Erik; Burrows, Paul E.;

    2003-01-01

    . The concerns for Media Asset Management, human and technical, are myriad. Media Asset Management is the framework upon which many of the largest technology projects will be built, including the future interconnection system between and among CPB member stations. It is CPB's hope that its licensees and...... broadcasters and media companies to deal with the creationand maintenance of metadata, indexing and controlled vocabularies required for effective Media Asset Management of broadcasts. Panelist will provide perspectives of their organization or project, for example, the CPB's PB Core metadata element set......, which is currently under development; the Disney Nomenclature Registry at Disney Corporation; and the ViDe (video access group) MPEG-7 and Dublin Core mapping....

  17. Three-dimensional GIS approach for management of assets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Assets play an important role in human life, especially to an organization. Organizations strive and put more effort to improve its operation and assets management. The development of GIS technology has become a powerful tool in management as it is able to provide a complete inventory for managing assets with location-based information. Spatial information is one of the requirements in decision making in various areas, including asset management in the buildings. This paper describes a 3D GIS approach for management of assets. An asset management system was developed by integrating GIS concept and 3D model assets. The purposes of 3D visualization to manage assets are to facilitate the analysis and understanding in the complex environment. Behind the 3D model of assets is a database to store the asset information. A user-friendly interface was also designed for more easier to operate the application. In the application developed, location of each individual asset can be easily tracked according to the referring spatial information and 3D viewing. The 3D GIS approach described in this paper is certainly would be useful in asset management. Systematic management of assets can be carried out and this will lead to less-time consuming and cost-effective. The results in this paper will show a new approach to improve asset management

  18. System development and asset management under restructuring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In many developed countries the electricity infrastructure contains ageing assets. Because of the need of a continuing operation and higher load factors on the network, the opportunities for replacement or refurbishment are limited. These must be regarded as an opportunity to review the structure of the system and to consider the design and development required to meet the new requirements, taking advantage of new available technologies: HVDC, FACTS, cables, etc. The symposium examines assets management issues and assesses strategies for overhauling existing systems, taking into account the impact on market operation, on supply security and environment

  19. Hedging contingent claims on defaultable assets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beumee, Johan G. B.

    2001-02-01

    Following the JLT model (Jarrow, Lando and Turnbull), this paper represents a defaultable asset as a continuous stochastic process plus a Poisson jump modelling the bankruptcy event. It is shown that if the recovery condition is known beforehand, a contingent claim can be hedged by a position in the defaultable asset and a risk-free instrument. In addition, the claim must satisfy a jump-diffusion equation and a risk-neutral representation is obtained using this equation. Examples include the price of a risky zero-coupon bond with a fixed recovery value and the prices of risky Call/Put options on corporate instruments (instrument terminates upon default).

  20. INTANGIBLE ASSETS – AN OPEN ISSUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina-Ionela Fadur

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available We live in an ever more competitive, globalized world, in continuous technological evolution. Optimal resource management implies detailed knowledge on the value of intangible assets. In the present article, we aim to analyze the issue of intangible assets from the perspective of the Spanish accounting system, in order to identify the similarities and differences between it and the Romanian accounting system. The purpose of our approach is to complete the stage of knowledge concerning intangible capital – the hidden fortune of the new economy.

  1. A simplified Capital Asset Pricing Model

    OpenAIRE

    Vovk, Vladimir

    2011-01-01

    We consider a Black-Scholes market in which a number of stocks and an index are traded. The simplified Capital Asset Pricing Model is the conjunction of the usual Capital Asset Pricing Model, or CAPM, and the statement that the appreciation rate of the index is equal to its squared volatility plus the interest rate. (The mathematical statement of the conjunction is simpler than that of the usual CAPM.) Our main result is that either we can outperform the index or the simplified CAPM holds.

  2. Asset Stripping in a Mature Market Economy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klarskov Jeppesen, Kim; Møller, Ulrik Gorm

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to document a Danish fraud scheme, in which a large number of limited companies were stripped of their assets leaving them with nothing but tax debt, eventually causing the Danish Tax and Customs Administration to lose large sums. Furthermore, the purpose...... indicates that asset stripping may take place in mature market economies to the extent that perpetrators are able to circumvent the corporate governance system by giving lawyers, public accountants and banks incentives to act less critically towards dubious business transactions. Research limitations...

  3. Evaluating the Knowledge Assets of Innovative Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maen Al-Hawari

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge has long been recognised as a valuable resource for organisational growth and sustained competitive advantage, especially for organisations competing in an uncertain environment (Miller & Shamsie 1987. In the current post-industrial society, knowledge is recognised as a primary source of a company’s wealth. However knowledge assets are much more difficult to identify and measure than are the physical assets with which we are much more familiar. (Boisot 1998 As a company’s innovative capacity may be dependent upon its ability to take advantage of its knowledge assets, it is important to be able to identify and measure those assets. While large companies can afford extensive knowledge management projects, there is a acute need for a method by which managers in smaller organisations can easily and reliably locate, quantify and compare their knowledge assets in order to maximise their potential for innovation. The paper will begin with an overview of current thinking on the topic of Knowledge Management (KM. It will then introduce the three functions of the knowledge life cycle (Bhatt 2000, Tan 2000, the four modes of conversion between tacit and explicit knowledge (Nonaka 1995 and the five knowledge enablers (Von Krogh 2000. The research, reported here, aims to identify, from the literature, a set of knowledge elements that will give a balanced view of knowledge assets across the four modes and five enablers. An integrated model, which is the result of research to date by the authors, will then be defined. This model combines the functions of the knowledge life cycle and Nonaka’s knowledge creation spiral with the notion of I-Space, which has been used to classify information across three dimensions, to form a new model of K-Space, which can be used to classify the knowledge elements. The paper will present this model and discuss the appropriateness of a set of knowledge elements as a means of measuring the knowledge asset of an

  4. NNSA emergency response assets and capabilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) is prepared to respond to any type of radiological transportation accident or incident. The seven NNSA radiological emergency response assets can be employed to varying degrees on a worldwide basis. NNSA's radiological emergency response assets include the Aerial Measuring System (AMS), the National Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (NARAC), the Accident Response Group (ARG), the Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center (FRMAC), the Nuclear Emergency Support Team (NEST), the Radiological Assistance Program (RAP), and the Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site (REAC/TS). (author)

  5. Optimal Monetary Policy under Asset Market Segmentation

    OpenAIRE

    Rajesh Singh; Amartya Lahiri; Carlos Vegh

    2007-01-01

    This paper studies optimal monetary policy in a small open economy under flexible prices. The paper’s key innovation is to analyze this question in the context of environments where only a fraction of agents participate in asset market transactions (i.e., asset markets are segmented). In this environment, we first show that there exist state contingent rules (based either on the rate of money growth or the devaluation rate) that can implement the first-best equilibrium. Such rules, however,...

  6. THEORETICAL ASPECTS REGARDING THE VALUATION OF INTANGIBLE ASSETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HOLT GHEORGHE

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Valuation of intangible assets represents one of the most delicate problems of assessing a company. Usually, valuation of intangible assets is in the process of evaluating enterprise as a whole. Therefore, Intangible Asset Valuers must have detailed knowledge on business valuation, in particular, the income-based valuation methods (capitalization / updating net cash flow. Valuation of Intangible Assets is the objective of the International Valuation Standards (GN 4 Valuation of Intangible Assets (revised 2010. Next to it was recently proposed GN 16 Valuation of Intangible Assets for IFRS reporting. International Accounting Standard (IAS 38 Intangible Assets prescribe the accounting treatment for intangible assets, analyze the criteria that an intangible asset must meet to be recognized, specific carrying amount of intangible assets and sets out requirements for disclosure of intangible assets. From an accounting perspective, relevant professional accounting standards and the following: IFRS 3 Business Combinations, IAS 36 Impairment of Assets and SFAS 157 fair value measurement, developed by the FASB. There is a more pronounced near the provisions of IAS 38 contained in GN 4. Therefore, a good professional intangible asset valuation must know thoroughly the conditions, principles, criteria and assessment methods recognized by those standards

  7. Asset-Based Measurement of Poverty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandolini, Andrea; Magri, Silvia; Smeeding, Timothy M.

    2010-01-01

    Poverty is generally defined as income or expenditure insufficiency, but the economic condition of a household also depends on its real and financial asset holdings. This paper investigates measures of poverty that rely on indicators of household net worth. We review and assess two main approaches followed in the literature: income-net worth…

  8. FY95 capital asset implementation plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Waste Isolation Division (WID) is committed to providing good stewardship for the capital assets under its operational and physical control. To achieve this goal, the WID has developed the Capital Asset Implementation Plan (CAIP) to continue to implement for FY95 Department of Energy (DOE) Order 4320.2A, Capital Asset Management Process (CAMP). The Order provides policy and elements needed to establish a credible, consistent, auditable, and technically sound process for the DOE to forecast, plan, and budget for capital assets on a functional unit level. The objective of the WIPP CAMP program is to meet the goals of DOE Order 4320.2A in the most effective and efficient manner possible in support of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) mission. As a result, this CAIP provides a way to implement the CAMP Program using a graded approach. Continued implementation will be accomplished by improving the existing process, and establishing future goals to promote growth for the CAMP Program. The CAIP is issued annually by the WID with quarterly progress reports submitted to the DOE. This document describes the current-year program staffing, roles, responsibilities, funding, and near-term milestones. In addition, the results of past goals are discussed

  9. Measuring the strategic readiness of intangible assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Robert S; Norton, David P

    2004-02-01

    Measuring the value of intangible assets such as company culture, knowledge management systems, and employees' skills is the holy grail of accounting. Executives know that these intangibles, being hard to imitate, are powerful sources of sustainable competitive advantage. If managers could measure them, they could manage the company's competitive position more easily and accurately. In one sense, the challenge is impossible. Intangible assets are unlike financial and physical resources in that their value depends on how well they serve the organizations that own them. But while this prevents an independent valuation of intangible assets, it also points to an altogether different approach for assessing their worth. In this article, the creators of the Balanced Scorecard draw on its tools and framework--in particular, a tool called the strategy map--to present a step-by-step way to determine "strategic readiness," which refers to the alignment of an organization's human, information, and organization capital with its strategy. In the method the authors describe, the firm identifies the processes most critical to creating and delivering its value proposition and determines the human, information, and organization capital the processes require. Some managers shy away from measuring intangible assets because they seem so subjective. But by using the systematic approaches set out in this article, companies can now measure what they want, rather than wanting only what they can currently measure. PMID:14971269

  10. Regionalisation of asset values for risk analyses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. H. Thieken

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In risk analysis there is a spatial mismatch of hazard data that are commonly modelled on an explicit raster level and exposure data that are often only available for aggregated units, e.g. communities. Dasymetric mapping techniques that use ancillary information to disaggregate data within a spatial unit help to bridge this gap. This paper presents dasymetric maps showing the population density and a unit value of residential assets for whole Germany. A dasymetric mapping approach, which uses land cover data (CORINE Land Cover as ancillary variable, was adapted and applied to regionalize aggregated census data that are provided for all communities in Germany. The results were validated by two approaches. First, it was ascertained whether population data disaggregated at the community level can be used to estimate population in postcodes. Secondly, disaggregated population and asset data were used for a loss evaluation of two flood events that occurred in 1999 and 2002, respectively. It must be concluded that the algorithm tends to underestimate the population in urban areas and to overestimate population in other land cover classes. Nevertheless, flood loss evaluations demonstrate that the approach is capable of providing realistic estimates of the number of exposed people and assets. Thus, the maps are sufficient for applications in large-scale risk assessments such as the estimation of population and assets exposed to natural and man-made hazards.

  11. Catholic Identity Remains a Public Relations Asset

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wirth, Eileen

    2004-01-01

    The massive sex scandal that rocked the Roman Catholic Church raises a question as to whether Catholic identity remains an asset that the nation's 8,000 Catholic schools should continue to promote. This case study found that continuing to promote Catholic identity has had no adverse effect on recruitment and enrollment at four Omaha, Nebraska,…

  12. Testing Stability of Capital Assets Pricing Model

    OpenAIRE

    Tomáš Víšek

    2000-01-01

    In the paper we study the stability of parameters of Capital Assets Pricing Model on the Czech stock market. We estimate beta coefficients of selected shares by least squares and least absolute deviation methods. Then we apply clasical and Ll-methods to test the stability of the estimated regression model over time.

  13. The Theoretical Underpinnings of Customer Asset Management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.N. Bolton; K.N. Lemo; P.C. Verhoef (Peter)

    2002-01-01

    textabstractMost research in customer asset management has focused on specific aspects of the value of the customer to the company. The purpose of this article is to propose an integrated framework ? called CUSAMS -- that enables service organizations to comprehensively assess the value of their "cu

  14. Capitalizing hidden values from hospital assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beith, Carsten; Vaughan, James

    2010-04-01

    Benefits from selling noncore assets include generating capital and freeing up management resources. Monetization transaction structures include sale, partnership, and strategic affiliation. A hospital that engages in such a transaction needs to ensure that the purchaser or joint venture partner will maintain the hospital's high standards of care and ethical principles. PMID:20358876

  15. Assets of Nation (Pyramid of Economic Development)

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmed, Ovais; mashkoor, Aasim

    2015-01-01

    The theory of economic development have designed to explore the assets of nations which explain and analyzed the emphasize on Water crisis, deforestation, land of agriculture for yield and minerals. these are the main resources of improving and generating economic health. we analyzed further significant factors which help to designed the qualitative theory of economic development.

  16. 75 FR 23327 - Asset-Backed Securities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-03

    ... code in Python, a commonly used open source interpretive programming language. We are proposing new... programming language that is open source and interpretive. The computer program would be tagged in XML and... assets. Our proposals also would repeal the current credit ratings references in shelf...

  17. Downside Risk And Empirical Asset Pricing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P. van Vliet (Pim)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractCurrently, the Nobel prize winning Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) celebrates its 40th birthday. Although widely applied in financial management, this model does not fully capture the empirical riskreturn relation of stocks; witness the beta, size, value and momentum effects. These pr

  18. Capturing stranded value in nuclear plant assets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The New York Power Authority owns and operates two nuclear plants - generating assets that demand innovative approaches in an increasingly competitive market for electricity. NYPA plans to turn to the specialized skills of one of the industry's best nuclear operators, with the goal of maximizing the plants' value and yielding lower cost electricity for its customers. In the transition to a competitive electric power business, much of the power industry's focus has been directed at the issue of stranded assets, particularly those associated with investments in nuclear plants. Many nuclear plants are struggling with the twin disabilities of relatively low and/or variable operating performance and high costs. The result is a cost for power that may not be fully recovered in the marketplace, thus stranding part or all of the asset's value. At the NYPA attention has been on the flip side of stranded costs: what they term the stranded value associated with nuclear plants. They view stranded value as the potential additional value - increased power generation and reduced costs, while maintaining high levels of safe operations - that could be obtained from an average nuclear plant if it could be operated at the performance levels attained by the best neclear plant operators in the country. They do not accept current performance or industry averages as a given. They expect to deliver the full potential value of their nuclear assets to their customers by implementing a new operating strategy

  19. Improving the asset pricing ability of the Consumption-Capital Asset Pricing Model?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Anne-Sofie Reng

    This paper compares the asset pricing ability of the traditional consumption-based capital asset pricing model to models from two strands of literature attempting to improve on the poor empirical results of the C-CAPM. One strand is based on the intertemporal asset pricing model of Campbell (1993......, 1996) and Campbell and Vuolteenaho (2004). The model takes the traditional C-CAPM as its starting point, but substitutes all references to consumption out, as empirical consumption data is assumed to be error ridden. The other strand to be investigated is based on the premise that the C-CAPM is only...... able to price assets conditionally as suggested by Cochrane (1996) and Lettau and Ludvigson (2001b). The unconditional C-CAPM is rewritten as a scaled factor model using the approximate log consumptionwealth ratio cay, developed by Lettau and Ludvigson (2001a), as scaling variable. The models are...

  20. Accounting for the recognition of information as an asset

    OpenAIRE

    El Tawy, NAH; Abdel-Kader, M.

    2011-01-01

    Tangible assets as property, plant and equipment continue to be important factors in the production of both goods and services. However, their relative importance has decreased through time as the importance of intangible, knowledge-based assets has increased. This shift in importance has raised a number of accounting questions critical for recognizing the information as an asset in nowadays financial statements. Attempts to recognize “information” as an asset in the financial statements has ...

  1. Information spillovers in asset markets with correlated values

    OpenAIRE

    Asriyan, Vladimir; Fuchs, William; Green, Brett

    2015-01-01

    We study information spillovers in a dynamic setting with privately informed traders and correlated asset values. A trade of one asset (or lack thereof) can provide information about the value of other assets. The information content of trading behavior is endogenously determined in equilibrium. We show that this endogeneity leads to multiple equilibria when the correlation between asset values is sufficiently high. The equilibria are ranked in terms of both trade volume and e...

  2. THEORETICAL ASPECTS REGARDING THE VALUATION OF INTANGIBLE ASSETS

    OpenAIRE

    HOLT GHEORGHE

    2015-01-01

    Valuation of intangible assets represents one of the most delicate problems of assessing a company. Usually, valuation of intangible assets is in the process of evaluating enterprise as a whole. Therefore, Intangible Asset Valuers must have detailed knowledge on business valuation, in particular, the income-based valuation methods (capitalization / updating net cash flow). Valuation of Intangible Assets is the objective of the International Valuation Standards (GN) 4 Valuation of ...

  3. Tangible fixed assets in Czech accounting regulation and International standards

    OpenAIRE

    Vojířová, Tereza

    2015-01-01

    In my bachelor thesis, I will discuss the comparison of reporting of tangible fixed assets in according Czech accounting regulation and according to International Financial Reporting Standards. In the first part the tangible fixed assets are described according to the Czech legal accounting regulation. After that are defined the main differences in reporting of tangible fixed assets in comparison with IFRS. In next part I focus on the specific issue of reporting tangible fixed assets in real ...

  4. Implementing condition based maintenance within an asset management framework

    OpenAIRE

    Gusfre, David

    2010-01-01

     Condition Based Maintenance within an Asset Management Framework Description: The thesis shall describe how to implement Condition Based Maintenance within an Asset Management context. Asset Management (AM) is an area within Oil & Gas (O&G) Business with a large development potential in order to give companies added value in their operations. With the increased use of Integrated Operations concepts, a new approach for maintenance engineering is necessary. The asset performance is a resul...

  5. Analysis of Asset Classes Through the Business Cycle

    OpenAIRE

    Audrius Dzikevičius; Jaroslav Vetrov

    2012-01-01

    This study was driven by the dissimilar performance characteristics displayed by asset classes over the business cycle. The authors aim to explore assets classes on the grounds of a scientific literature review and a statistical analysis. Business cycles are divided into four stages to explore broad movements in returns of asset classes and a possible existence of asymmetrical effects of determinants within stages. Six main asset classes were analysed: US stocks, EAFE stocks, Bonds, Gold, Rea...

  6. THEORETICAL ASPECTS REGARDING THE VALUATION OF INTANGIBLE ASSETS

    OpenAIRE

    HOLT GHEORGHE

    2015-01-01

    Valuation of intangible assets represents one of the most delicate problems of assessing a company. Usually, valuation of intangible assets is in the process of evaluating enterprise as a whole. Therefore, Intangible Asset Valuers must have detailed knowledge on business valuation, in particular, the income-based valuation methods (capitalization / updating net cash flow). Valuation of Intangible Assets is the objective of the International Valuation Standards (GN) 4 Valuation of Intangible A...

  7. ACCOUNTING AND TAX ISSUES RELATING TO DEPRECIATION OF TANGIBLE ASSETS

    OpenAIRE

    ZEFINESCU CARMEN-VERONICA

    2014-01-01

    The article proposes a study on the financial and accounting implications of tangible assets depreciation. According to national accounting rules and IFRS, depreciation is the equivalent to irreversible impairment of assets. This amend character is given by correcting the fixed assets counting value to obtain the net counting value. The value of depreciation calculated by applying redemption quota to the counting value of the asset is included in operating expenses for the dur...

  8. 48 CFR 32.304-3 - Asset formula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Asset formula. 32.304-3... REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Loan Guarantees for Defense Production 32.304-3 Asset formula. (a) Under..., by use of an asset formula, to an amount that does not exceed a specified percentage (90 percent...

  9. 76 FR 63352 - Office of Foreign Assets Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    ... Office of Foreign Assets Control Unblocking of Three Specially Designated Nationals Pursuant to Executive Order 13224 AGENCY: Office of Foreign Assets Control, Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control (``OFAC'') is removing the names of three individuals from...

  10. Money Illusion and Nominal Inertia in Experimental Asset Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Noussair, Charles N.; Richter, Gregers; Tyran, Jean-Robert

    We test whether large but purely nominal shocks affect real asset market prices. We subject a laboratory asset market to an exogenous shock, which either inflates or deflates the nominal fundamental value of the asset, while holding the real fundamental value constant. After an inflationary shock...... price response to inflationary and deflationary nominal shocks....

  11. Asset retirement obligations: a reporting concern for healthcare facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berg, Gary G; Bayes, Paul E; Morgan, Robert G

    2008-11-01

    FASB statements and SEC guidelines give direction as to how healthcare organizations should account for their asset retirement obligations (AROs) where environmental issues are concerned. A key consideration is that current costs associated with environmental problems, such as encapsulating asbestos, are to be accounted for as part of an asset's cost and depreciated over the asset's remaining life. PMID:18990844

  12. Specific asset investment in industry and university research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tu, Jing; Yang, Zhonghua

    Industry university research have become more frequent in development activities. Both industry and university will invest specific asset which may cause switching costs. The paper discusses the issue of deciding optimal specific asset rate in the relationship by a game model. Conclusions about the factors which determine the optimal specific asset investments are drawn.

  13. 18 CFR 367.15 - Contingent assets and liabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Contingent assets and... ACT General Instructions § 367.15 Contingent assets and liabilities. Contingent assets represent a possible source of value to the service company contingent upon the fulfillment of conditions regarded...

  14. 18 CFR 154.315 - Asset retirement obligations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Asset retirement obligations. 154.315 Section 154.315 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... seeking recovery of the asset retirement costs in rates, must remove all asset retirement...

  15. 18 CFR 346.3 - Asset retirement obligations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Asset retirement obligations. 346.3 Section 346.3 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... seeking recovery of the asset retirement costs in rates, must remove all asset retirement...

  16. 17 CFR 250.44 - Sales of securities and assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sales of securities and assets... Various Financial Transactions 2 § 250.44 Sales of securities and assets. (a) Sales of utility securities or assets. No registered holding company shall, directly or indirectly, sell to any person...

  17. 31 CFR 598.202 - Blocking of assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Blocking of assets. 598.202 Section... FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 598.202 Blocking of assets. Except to the extent provided in regulations, orders,...

  18. 47 CFR 32.1350 - Other current assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Other current assets. 32.1350 Section 32.1350 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS... assets. This account shall include the amount of all current assets which are not includable in...

  19. 47 CFR 32.2110 - Land and support assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Land and support assets. 32.2110 Section 32... Land and support assets. This account shall be used by Class B companies to record the original cost of land and support assets of the type and character required of Class A companies in Accounts...

  20. 7 CFR 3550.54 - Calculation of income and assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Calculation of income and assets. 3550.54 Section... Calculation of income and assets. (a) Repayment income. Repayment income is the annual amount of income from... (including gifts); (6) Lump sum additions to family assets such as inheritances; capital gains;...

  1. 20 CFR 345.204 - Sale or transfer of assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sale or transfer of assets. 345.204 Section... or transfer of assets. (a) In the event property of an employer is sold or transferred to another... shall be subject to the approval of the Board. Where the employer acquiring the assets is an...

  2. 12 CFR 615.5209 - Deferred-tax assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Deferred-tax assets. 615.5209 Section 615.5209... POLICIES AND OPERATIONS, AND FUNDING OPERATIONS Capital Adequacy § 615.5209 Deferred-tax assets. For purposes of calculating capital ratios under this part, deferred-tax assets are subject to the...

  3. 49 CFR 639.33 - Management of leased assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Management of leased assets. 639.33 Section 639.33..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION CAPITAL LEASES Lease Management § 639.33 Management of leased assets. Each recipient must maintain an inventory of capital assets acquired by standard FTA project...

  4. 34 CFR 682.420 - Federal nonliquid assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Federal nonliquid assets. 682.420 Section 682.420... Federal Family Education Loan Programs by a Guaranty Agency § 682.420 Federal nonliquid assets. (a) General. The Federal portion of a nonliquid asset developed or purchased in whole or in part with...

  5. 17 CFR 256.174 - Miscellaneous current and accrued assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... accrued assets. 256.174 Section 256.174 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE... COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 3. Current and Accrued Assets § 256.174 Miscellaneous current and accrued assets. This account shall include the cost of all other current and accrued...

  6. 12 CFR 710.6 - Distribution of assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Distribution of assets. 710.6 Section 710.6... LIQUIDATION § 710.6 Distribution of assets. (a) With the approval of the regional director, a partial pro rata distribution of the Federal credit union's assets may be made to its members from cash funds available...

  7. 47 CFR 36.161 - Tangible assets-Account 2680.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Tangible assets-Account 2680. 36.161 Section 36.161 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES... Amortizable Assets § 36.161 Tangible assets—Account 2680. (a) Tangible Assets, Account 2680 includes the...

  8. 26 CFR 1.312-2 - Distribution of inventory assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Distribution of inventory assets. 1.312-2... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Effects on Corporation § 1.312-2 Distribution of inventory assets... which distributes, with respect to its stock, inventory assets as defined in section 312(b)(2),...

  9. 18 CFR 367.1750 - Account 175, Derivative instrument assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... instrument assets. 367.1750 Section 367.1750 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Current and Accrued Assets § 367.1750 Account 175, Derivative instrument assets. This account must include the amounts paid for derivative instruments, and the change...

  10. 17 CFR 210.6-05 - Statements of net assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Statements of net assets. 210... Statements of net assets. In lieu of the balance sheet otherwise required by § 210.6-04 of this part, persons may substitute a statement of net assets if at least 95 percent of the amount of the person's...

  11. 47 CFR 32.1410 - Other noncurrent assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Other noncurrent assets. 32.1410 Section 32... Other noncurrent assets. (a) This account shall include the acquisition cost of the company's investment... each issue outstanding. (h) This account shall include the amount of cash and other assets which...

  12. 18 CFR 367.22 - Accounting for asset retirement obligations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Accounting for asset... GAS ACT General Instructions § 367.22 Accounting for asset retirement obligations. (a) An asset retirement obligation represents a liability for the legal obligation associated with the retirement of...

  13. Dynamic asset trees and portfolio analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onnela, J.-P.; Chakraborti, A.; Kaski, K.; Kertiész, J.

    2002-12-01

    The minimum spanning tree, based on the concept of ultrametricity, is constructed from the correlation matrix of stock returns and provides a meaningful economic taxonomy of the stock market. In order to study the dynamics of this asset tree we characterise it by its normalised length and by the mean occupation layer, as measured from an appropriately chosen centre called the `central node'. We show how the tree evolves over time, and how it shrinks strongly, in particular, during a stock market crisis. We then demonstrate that the assets of the optimal Markowitz portfolio lie practically at all times on the outskirts of the tree. We also show that the normalised tree length and the investment diversification potential are very strongly correlated.

  14. HIGHER LEVEL OF INTELLECTUAL ASSET MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ROMANESC MARCEL LAURENTIU

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Creation and dissemination of knowledge is to be found in his wish of activity of any university. The challenge is to achieve in the best way on the use of these knowledge as an asset that can provide maximum value economy, society and university in itself. Most university are aware of how to market the results obtained through personal research carried out by his own personal. Therefore the management of universities realized that there is a need that they will be able to create an overall strategy for managing intellectual property, in accordance with their mission. This study is aimed at identifying strategies oriented to optimize benefits of assets intellectual property created by staff and students a university. This study will help generate the best strategies for intellectual property approaches, every institution in benefit of all (economy, society or any education institution.

  15. Self-Consistent Asset Pricing Models

    CERN Document Server

    Malevergne, Y

    2006-01-01

    We discuss the foundations of factor or regression models in the light of the self-consistency condition that the market portfolio (and more generally the risk factors) is (are) constituted of the assets whose returns it is (they are) supposed to explain. As already reported in several articles, self-consistency implies correlations between the return disturbances. As a consequence, the alpha's and beta's of the factor model are unobservable. Self-consistency leads to renormalized beta's with zero effective alpha's, which are observable with standard OLS regressions. Analytical derivations and numerical simulations show that, for arbitrary choices of the proxy which are different from the true market portfolio, a modified linear regression holds with a non-zero value $\\alpha_i$ at the origin between an asset $i$'s return and the proxy's return. Self-consistency also introduces ``orthogonality'' and ``normality'' conditions linking the beta's, alpha's (as well as the residuals) and the weights of the proxy por...

  16. The Pietra term structures of financial assets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eliazar, Iddo

    2011-02-01

    This paper explores an elemental connection between call options-the most commonly tradable financial derivatives, implied volatility term structures-critical “market information” emanating from call-option prices, and the Pietra index-a quantitative economic measure of societal egalitarianism. Our study: (i) unveils an intrinsic “Pietra structure” of call-option prices; (ii) introduces the notion of the “Pietra term structures” of financial assets; (iii) describes the probabilistic meaning of the Pietra term structures; (iv) establishes an explicit nonlinear one-to-one mapping between the Pietra term structures and the implied volatility term structures of financial assets. The results presented in this paper provide a deep insight into the econophysics of call options and implied volatility term structures.

  17. Evolutionary complexity for protection of critical assets.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Battaile, Corbett Chandler; Chandross, Michael Evan

    2005-01-01

    This report summarizes the work performed as part of a one-year LDRD project, 'Evolutionary Complexity for Protection of Critical Assets.' A brief introduction is given to the topics of genetic algorithms and genetic programming, followed by a discussion of relevant results obtained during the project's research, and finally the conclusions drawn from those results. The focus is on using genetic programming to evolve solutions for relatively simple algebraic equations as a prototype application for evolving complexity in computer codes. The results were obtained using the lil-gp genetic program, a C code for evolving solutions to user-defined problems and functions. These results suggest that genetic programs are not well-suited to evolving complexity for critical asset protection because they cannot efficiently evolve solutions to complex problems, and introduce unacceptable performance penalties into solutions for simple ones.

  18. IMPLEMENTATION OF ASSET MANAGEMENT IN ROAD ADMINISTRATION OF SLOVAK REPUBLIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ľubomír Pepucha

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article presents basic principles and solutions for the application of Asset Management as part of road administration in Slovakia. It deals with application of Assets management methods and best practices of global trends in road maintenance, repair and rehabilitation strategies. An effective public Asset Management combines principles and strategies of asset management used in private sector with sound practices and methods proven to be applicable by public road administrator and his digital information systems. The under-funding of road management leads to development of tools and methods, which enable us to define criteria for establishing priorities for investments into road assets.

  19. Asset growth anomaly in the UK stock market

    OpenAIRE

    Slotte, Pontus

    2011-01-01

    ASSET GROWTH ANOMALY IN THE UK STOCK MARKET PURPOSE OF THE STUDY This study examines the existence and the characteristics of the asset growth anomaly in the UK stock market. Especially I concentrate on the asset pricing impact of asset growth on cross-sectional stock returns in the stock market. This study is the first to investigate the asset growth anomaly in this scope in another major stock market, i.e. UK stock market. DATA The sample data consists of all UK stocks listed ...

  20. CONSIDERATION REGARDING CURRENT ASSETS IN THE CONSTRUCTION ENTITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Adriana COJOCARU (ALIONESCU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Accounting for current assets mainly aims to obtain useful information on the management of their best in order to make management decisions. Counting efficiency of these assets, their importance, provides improved performance of the entity. In this paper we want to study the degree of implementation of policies and accounting treatments on the current assets in the specific construction economic entities, the problems of implementation and thus better addressing their theoretical and procedural to improve the information provided by financial statements. Due to the importance of proper conduct of business owned entities, accounting current assets should result in optimal and efficient control of current assets.

  1. Asset Allocation and Predictability of Real Estate Returns

    OpenAIRE

    Rakesh Bharati; Manoj Gupta

    1992-01-01

    We examine the issue of optimal asset allocation among three broad classes of assetsà à Large Stocks (proxied by the S&P composite index); real estate assets (a portfolio of thirty Equity Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) traded on major stock exchanges); and the risk-free asset (the one-month T-bill), employing the evidence on their predictability. An active strategy of investing in the assets, using predicted returns from our model outperforms investing in passive strategies, which are ...

  2. Liquid Asset Ratios and Financial Sector Reform

    OpenAIRE

    Anne Marie Gulde

    1997-01-01

    As a monetary, selective credit, and government debt-management instrument, a liquid asset ratio is generally inefficient and may introduce serious distortions. However, it may play a limited role as a prudential instrument, particularly in less sophisticated banking systems or in the context of currency board arrangements. Recent trends in the use of this instrument have been to either abolish it altogether or to design it so as to minimize distortions. When necessary, these changes have bee...

  3. Human Assets in the Social Control Management

    OpenAIRE

    Varzaru Anca Antoaneta; Varzaru Mihai

    2010-01-01

    Attempts to quantify the human assets of an organization happened the first time in the US in 1960, when it was tried to end it in their balance sheet. This idea of quantification started to analyze the differences in value between similarities or changes made in time by the same organization and the premises had the decisive contribution of human activities. The practical consequences of the current research on human activities were not eloquent. In recent years the problems of quantificatio...

  4. Asset Bubbles, Inflation, and Agricultural Land Values

    OpenAIRE

    Schurle, Bryan; Wilson, Christine; Featherstone, Allen; Remaury, Hugo; Harmon, Jacob

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses asset bubbles, the Kansas and Illinois land markets, estimates land values, and develops a land price/earnings ratio. Current land sales data are also examined. Finally, we examine relationships between land values and interest rates, inflation rates, and cash rents. Results show that real land values increase substantially when inflation increases. Recent land values are explored for both Kansas and Illinois with somewhat differing results. Development of land price bu...

  5. Asset Pricing Implications of Firms' Financing Constraints

    OpenAIRE

    Gomes, Joao F; Yaron, Amir; Zhang, Lu

    2002-01-01

    We incorporate costly external finance in a production based asset pricing model and investigate whether financing frictions are quantitatively important for pricing a cross-section of expected returns. We show that the common assumptions about the nature of the financing frictions are captured by a simple ‘financing cost’ function, equal to the product of the financing premium and the amount of external finance. This approach provides a tractable framework to examine the role of financing fr...

  6. The treatment of assets in pension funding

    OpenAIRE

    Owadally, M. I; Haberman, S

    2004-01-01

    A recent survey of actuarial practitioners in North America shows that smoothed-market actuarial asset values are commonly used in funding valuations of defined benefit pension plans. Four methods of calculating such values are reported in the actuarial literature but only qualitative descriptions of the methods are given. This paper provides mathematical descriptions of the “average of market”, “weighted average”, “deferred recognition” and “write-up” actuarial values. They are shown to be b...

  7. Growth Opportunities, Technology Shocks, and Asset Prices

    OpenAIRE

    Leonid Kogan; Dimitris Papanikolaou

    2012-01-01

    We explore the impact of investment-specific technology (IST) shocks on the crosssection of stock returns. IST shocks reflect technological advances embodied in new capital goods. Using a structural model, we show that IST shocks have a differential effect on the two fundamental components of firm value, the value of assets in place and the value of growth opportunities. This differential sensitivity to IST shocks has two main implications. First, risk premia on firms with abundant growth opp...

  8. Property Assets Fair Value Accounting Under Uncertainty

    OpenAIRE

    Anastasios Tsamis; Konstantinos Liapis

    2014-01-01

    Accounting fairness refers mostly to the fair presentation, and therefore, measurement or valuation of an element recognized in the entity’s financial statements. In accounting and finance, fair value is a rational and unbiased estimate of the potential market price of a good, service, or asset. Applying different accounting and valuation methods across firms or countries makes financial statements incomparable to each other. The research objects of the paper are: a literature view of IFRS2 a...

  9. Strategic Pricing Behavior under Asset Value Maximization

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Shinn-Shyr; Stiegert, Kyle W.; Dhar, Tirtha Pratim

    2005-01-01

    This paper investigates a comprehensive assessment of firm strategic behavior under financial market uncertainty. A general theoretical model of market value maximization (MVM) is constructed using a traditional capital asset pricing format. The model built on the nonlinear Almost Ideal Demand Systems (AIDS) and structural first-order conditions is developed. By full information maximum likelihood (FIML) estimation, the model evaluates pricing strategies in the U.S. margarine and butter retai...

  10. A Bank Asset and Liability Management Model

    OpenAIRE

    Kusy, M.I.; W. T. Ziemba

    1983-01-01

    The uncertainty of a bank's cash flows, cost of funds and return on investments due to inherent factors and variable economic conditions has emphasized the need for greater efficiency in the management of asset and liabilities. A primary goal is to determine an optimal tradeoff between risk, return, and liquidity. In this paper we develop a multiperiod stochastic linear programming model (ALM) that includes the essential institutional, legal, financial, and bank related policy considerations,...

  11. Equilibrium Asset Prices Under Imperfect Corporate Control

    OpenAIRE

    James Dow; Gary Gorton; Arvind Krishnamurthy

    2003-01-01

    Shareholders have imperfect ontrol over the decisions of the management of a firm. We integrate a widely accepted version of the separation of ownership and control -- Jensen's (1986) free cash flow theory--into a dynamic equilibrium model and study the effect of imperfect corporate control on asset prices and investment. We assume that firms are run by empire-building managers who prefer to invest all free cash flow rather than distributing it to shareholders. Sharefholders are aware of this...

  12. The value relevance of tangible fixed assets

    OpenAIRE

    Sabino, João Emanuel da Silva

    2010-01-01

    This Work Project aims to verify whether gains from the revaluation of tangible fixed assets in Portugal and Spain are relevant to investors. My sample consists of Portuguese and Spanish listed firms and it spans from the mandatory adoption of IFRS in 2005 until 2009. The results suggest that gains from revaluations are relevant to investors in Portugal and Spain both individually and together and independently of the dependent variable used (March or December share prices). Also, further ana...

  13. Identity, Morals, and Taboos: Beliefs as Assets

    OpenAIRE

    Benabou, R.; Tirole, J.

    2011-01-01

    We develop a theory of moral behavior, individual and collective, based on a general model of identity in which people care about “who they are” and infer their own values from past choices. The model sheds light on many empirical puzzles inconsistent with earlier approaches. Identity investments respond nonmonotonically to recent acts or threats, and taboos on mere thoughts arise to protect beliefs about the “priceless” value of certain social assets. High endowments trigger escalating co...

  14. Individual and institutional asset liability management

    OpenAIRE

    Hainaut, Donatien

    2007-01-01

    One of the classical problems in finance is that of an economic unit who aims at maximizing his expected life-time utility from consumption and/or terminal wealth by an effective asset-liability management. The purpose of this thesis is to determine the optimal investment strategies , from the point of view of their economic utility, for individual and institutional investors such pension funds.

  15. Property Derivatives in the Strategic Asset Allocation

    OpenAIRE

    Steininger, B.

    2009-01-01

    Real estate investments have attracted attention as an asset class with high stability of their values, opportunity to hedge against inflation, specific risk-return characteristics, and low co-movements with traditional stock and bond markets. The integration of property investment vehicles to a stock and bond portfolio should ameliorate the performance of an until-then domestic oriented portfolio on the long run. Various studies ascertain that low comovements could also be observed among int...

  16. Benefits of Reliability Centred Asset Management

    OpenAIRE

    Hilber, Patrik; Wallnerström, Carl Johan; Rosenlind, Johanna; Babu, Sajeesh; Westerlund, Per

    2013-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of risk and reliability assessment techniques, some which are available for distribution system operators, and others that are in the process of development. The main contribution of this paper is showing the possibilities and benefits of detailed risk and reliability analysis. Six samples of findings from research developed over the last decade within the RCAM group (Reliability Centred Asset Management) at the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm Sweden, ...

  17. Asset sale, debt restructuring, and liquidation

    OpenAIRE

    Michi NISHIHARA; Shibata, Takashi

    2015-01-01

    This paper considers a dynamic model in which shareholders of a firm in distress have a choice of whether to proceed to debt restructuring or direct liquidation at an arbitrary time. In the model, we show the following results. Fewer asset sales, lower financing, debt renegotiation, and running costs, a lower premium to the debt holders, a lower cash flow volatility, and a higher initial coupon increase the shareholders f incentive to choose debt restructuring to avoid full liquidation. In th...

  18. Agency Conflicts, Investment, and Asset Pricing

    OpenAIRE

    Albuquerque, Rui; Wang, Neng

    2007-01-01

    Corporations in most countries are run by controlling shareholders whose cash flow rights are substantially smaller than their control rights in the firm. This separation of ownership and control allows the controlling shareholders to pursue private benefits at the cost of outside minority investors by diverting resources away from the firm and distorting corporate investment and payout policies. We develop a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium asset pricing model that acknowledges the imp...

  19. Updating Fixed Production Assets: Incentive Tools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria P. Merzlova

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Based on an analysis of national statistics on the structure and condition fixed production assets of Russiancompanies identified disparities in the structure of the fixed assets in Russia, as well as a high degree of wear andtear, (about 50%. In the study, the reasons for the poor state of basic production assets and identify opportunitiesto overcome the problem of low investment activity of domestic enterprises in the modernization of productionis determined that one of the main constraints is the current tax system and the associated high cost of investment.Determined that under the tax laws do not give preferences to the expected positive effect, because it does nothave a significant impact on reducing the cost of acquisition of machinery and equipment due to the highproportion of it indirect taxes (VAT, duties, which reduces the investment business opportunities at the sametime holding back the development of domestic engineering and construction industry, which are created and thebasic production assets (active and passive parts of them. As stimulus measures proposed substantial cuts inVAT and duties, and in high-tech equipment in strategic industries - complete their cancellation. Dropping out inconnection with this budget revenues at the initial stage may compensate by increasing excise taxes on certainproducts that are detrimental to public health (alcohol and tobacco, increased taxation on the export of capital.As a non-tax instruments to promote development of the proposed technical outsourcing (after-sales service ofprocess equipment, the use of which will provide the companies who invest in technological renovation ofproduction, significant cost savings by reducing the costs associated with the content in the state of highlyspecialized staff and simplify the process of enterprise management . The enterprises of mechanical engineeringwill be able to sustainable development and establishing long-term business relationships with client

  20. Keynes, King's and Endowment Asset Management

    OpenAIRE

    David Chambers; Elroy Dimson; Justin Foo

    2014-01-01

    Founded in 1441, King's College was one of Cambridge University's wealthiest Colleges, endowed with a vast agricultural portfolio. John Maynard Keynes was appointed bursar just after WWI and initiated a major reallocation to equities, an innovation at least as radical as the late 20th century commitment to illiquid assets by Harvard and Yale. Keynes initially pursued a market-timing approach to investment with mixed success and failed to anticipate the 1929 market crash. Thereafter, his switc...

  1. Asset Demands without the Independence Axiom.

    OpenAIRE

    Dekel, Eddie

    1989-01-01

    An important application of the theory of choice under uncertainty is to asset markets, and an important property in these markets is a preference for portfolio diversification. If an investor is an expected utility maximizer, then he is risk averse if, and only if, he exhibits a preference for diversification. This paper examines the relationship between risk aversion and portfolio diversification when preferences over probability distributions of wealth do not have an expected utility repre...

  2. Efficient Risk Simulations for Linear Asset Portfolios

    OpenAIRE

    Sak, Halis; Hörmann, Wolfgang; Leydold, Josef

    2008-01-01

    We consider the problem of calculating tail probabilities of the returns of linear asset portfolios. As flexible and accurate model for the logarithmic returns we use the $t$-copula dependence structure and marginals following the generalized hyperbolic distribution. Exact calculation of the tail-loss probabilities is not possible and even simulation leads to challenging numerical problems. Applying a new numerical inversion method for the generation of the marginals and importance sampling w...

  3. Self-Consistent Asset Pricing Models

    OpenAIRE

    Malevergne, Y.; Sornette, D.

    2006-01-01

    We discuss the foundations of factor or regression models in the light of the self-consistency condition that the market portfolio (and more generally the risk factors) is (are) constituted of the assets whose returns it is (they are) supposed to explain. As already reported in several articles, self-consistency implies correlations between the return disturbances. As a consequence, the alpha's and beta's of the factor model are unobservable. Self-consistency leads to renormalized beta's with...

  4. Basket Options on Heterogeneous Underlying Assets

    OpenAIRE

    Georges Dionne; Geneviève Gauthier; Nadia Ouertani

    2009-01-01

    Basket options are among the most popular products of the new generation of exotic options. This attraction is explained by the fact that they can efficiently and simultaneously hedge a wide variety of intrinsically different financial risks. They are flexible enough to include all the risks faced by non-financial firms. Unfortunately, the existing literature on basket options considers only homogeneous baskets where all the underlying assets are identical and hedge the same kind of risk. Mor...

  5. An Islamic capital asset pricing model

    OpenAIRE

    Tarek H. Selim

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe the application of the Islamic financing method based on direct musharakah to the conventional capital asset pricing model yielding several interesting hypotheses. Design/methodology/approach – Theoretical methodology, with maximin criteria, and rational economic optimization. Findings – There are four major findings. First, an Islamic financing partnership based on complementary capital is proven to necessarily yield a lower beta-risk of inv...

  6. Volatility, the Macroeconomy and Asset Prices

    OpenAIRE

    Ravi Bansal; Dana Kiku; Ivan Shaliastovich; Amir Yaron

    2012-01-01

    We show that volatility movements have first-order implications for consumption dynamics and asset prices. Volatility news affects the stochastic discount factor and carries a separate risk premium. In the data, volatility risks are persistent and are strongly correlated with discount-rate news. This evidence has important implications for the return on aggregate wealth and the cross-sectional differences in risk premia. Estimation of our volatility risks based model yields an economically pl...

  7. Stochastic Dominance Portfolio Analysis of Forestry Assets

    OpenAIRE

    V.-P. Heikkinen; & Timo Kuosmanen

    2002-01-01

    We consider the forestry decision-making and harvesting problem from the perspective of financial portfolio management, where harvestable forest stands constitute one of the liquid assets of the portfolio. Using real data from Finnish mixed borealis forests and from the Helsinki stock exchange, we investigate the effect of trading the timber stock together with the forest land, or without the land (i.e., harvesting), on the portfolio efficiency. As our research methodology, we utilize the gen...

  8. Utilizing synthetic leasing for midstream assets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The current rules applicable to conventional leasing for midstream assets were summarized and the growth of 'synthetic leasing' in Canada was discussed. A synthetic lease is a financing arrangement that is treated as an operating lease for accounting purposes and as a loan for tax purposes. This paper outlines the Canadian leasing environment and explains the difference between a sale versus a lease, capital cost allowance, leveraged leasing, 'available for use' rules, as well as the rules for leasing property

  9. Curriculum asset mapping for One Health education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mor, Siobhan M; Robbins, Alison H; Jarvin, Linda; Kaufman, Gretchen E; Lindenmayer, Joann M

    2013-01-01

    The major premise of One Health is engagement of multiple disciplines to address shared problems spanning human, animal, and ecosystem health. The current model of academic specialization encourages development of isolated disciplines within the university setting, thereby creating barriers to resource sharing and academic collaboration. The aim of this project was to develop a systematic approach to mapping university assets that could be harnessed to advance One Health education. Asset in this context was defined as a course, program, or faculty expertise relevant to a particular One Health problem. The approach adopted comprised the following steps: (1) identify a current problem that would benefit from an integrated, interdisciplinary perspective (e.g., EIDs [emerging infectious diseases]); (2) identify individual disciplinary teaching areas pertinent to the problem (e.g., health communication, wildlife ecology); (3) identify competencies expected to be attained by graduates who will address the problem (e.g., respond to outbreaks); (4) survey faculty members on their teaching areas and curricular offerings that address these competencies; and (5) compile responses in a database that is searchable by teaching area and competency. We discuss our recent experiences mapping the assets at Tufts University that are relevant to the problem of EIDs with emphasis on zoonotic-disease surveillance, outbreak investigation, and outbreak response. Using 13 teaching areas and 16 competencies relevant to applied epidemiology, we identified and characterized previously untapped resources across the university. Asset mapping is thus a useful tool for identifying university resources and opportunities that can be leveraged to support interdisciplinary education for One Health. PMID:24072190

  10. Intangible Capital, Corporate Valuation and Asset Pricing

    OpenAIRE

    Danthine, Jean-Pierre; Xiangrong JIN

    2006-01-01

    Recent studies have found unmeasured intangible capital to be large and important. In this paper we observe that by nature intangible capital is also very different from physical capital. We find it plausible to argue that the accumulation process for intangible capital differs significantly from the process by which physical capital accumulates. We study the implications of this hypothesis for rational firm valuation and asset pricing using a two-sector general equilibrium model. Our main fi...

  11. Anchoring Adjusted Capital Asset Pricing Model

    OpenAIRE

    Hammad, Siddiqi

    2015-01-01

    An anchoring adjusted Capital Asset Pricing Model (ACAPM) is developed in which the payoff volatilities of well-established stocks are used as starting points that are adjusted to form volatility judgments about other stocks. Anchoring heuristic implies that such adjustments are typically insufficient. ACAPM converges to CAPM with correct adjustment, so CAPM is a special case of ACAPM. The model provides a unified explanation for the size, value, and momentum effects in the stock market. A ke...

  12. Human Capital, Asset Allocation, and Life Insurance

    OpenAIRE

    Roger Ibbotson; Peng Chen; Moshe Milevsky; Xingnong Zhu

    2005-01-01

    Financial planners and advisors have recently started to recognize that human capital must be taken into account when building optimal portfolios for individual investors. But human capital is not just another pre-endowed asset class that must be included as part of the portfolio frontier. An investor's human capital contains a unique mortality risk, which is the loss of all future income and wages in the unfortunate event of premature death. However, life insurance in its various guises and ...

  13. Earnings Management and Valuation of Biological Assets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Luiz Menezes da Silva

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of fair value to measure the worth of biological assets allows discretionary choices when using discounted cash flow in the absence of an active market, influencing the quality of accounting information. The objective of this study was to investigate evidence of earnings management among Brazilian companies that have adopted fair value based on the discounted cash flow method. The firms were investigated with regard to: a disclosure of the discount rate, b BM&FBovespa corporate governance levels; and c adherence to disclosure requirements in the Brazilian accounting standard CPC 29 (IAS 41. We analyzed 31 firms with significant biological assets from 2010 to 2012. The earnings management measurements were calculated according to the modified Jones, the Teoh, Welch and Wong (1998, and the KS models. The Mann-Whitney test of the means was applied and revealed evidence of greater earnings management for companies that use discounted cash flow, and the ones that least meet CPC 29 disclosure requirements, considering the KS model estimates. Regarding the other proposals, testing did not offer enough evidence of differences in discretionary accruals. In this sense, only hypotheses 1 and 4 are partially accepted, demanding more research in this area. We also present evidence in favor of adopting Exposure Draft ED/2013/08 Agriculture: Bearer Plants, Proposed amendments to IAS 16 and IAS 41, which proposes to measure biological assets at cost, because firms already following these rules showed lower earnings management in this study.

  14. 71 Assets Repatriation and Global Best Practices: Lessons for Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abiodun ODUSOTE

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This study enquires into the multi-dimensional challenges involved in tracing, freezing and repatriating looted state assets in foreign jurisdictions. It is the view of this paper that the forms of proceeding available in Nigeria to recover looted assets are inadequate. The paper discusses the successful assets recovery cases and the not so successful cases involving Nigerian corrupt officials. The paper examines the main challenges to assets recovery through criminal proceedings and also highlights various approaches to assets recovery. The paper recommends that for effective assets recovery, Nigeria must among others enact forfeiture and confiscation laws that should be applied through the civil process rather than the traditional criminal justice system. The paper proposes some strategies for assets repatriation, but warns that the success of these proposals are contingent on strong political will on the part of the Nigerian government and its ability to constructively engage the requested state.

  15. Nuclear industry strategic asset management: Managing nuclear assets in a competitive environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The former Electric Power Research Institute took the lead in developing an approach now widely known as strategic asset management (SAM). The SAM methodology applies the tools of decision/risk analysis used in the financial community to clarify effective use of physical assets and resources to create value: to build a clear line of sight to value creation. SAM processes have been used in both the power and other industries. The rapid change taking place in the nuclear business creates the need for competitive decision making regarding the management of nuclear assets. The nuclear industry is moving into an era in which shareholder value is determined by the net revenues earned on power marketed in a highly competitive and frequently low-priced power market environment

  16. RAPID: Collaborative Commanding and Monitoring of Lunar Assets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Recaredo J.; Mittman, David S.; Powell, Mark W.; Norris, Jeffrey S.; Joswig, Joseph C.; Crockett, Thomas M.; Abramyan, Lucy; Shams, Khawaja S.; Wallick, Michael; Allan, Mark; Hirsh, Robert

    2011-01-01

    RAPID (Robot Application Programming Interface Delegate) software utilizes highly robust technology to facilitate commanding and monitoring of lunar assets. RAPID provides the ability for intercenter communication, since these assets are developed in multiple NASA centers. RAPID is targeted at the task of lunar operations; specifically, operations that deal with robotic assets, cranes, and astronaut spacesuits, often developed at different NASA centers. RAPID allows for a uniform way to command and monitor these assets. Commands can be issued to take images, and monitoring is done via telemetry data from the asset. There are two unique features to RAPID: First, it allows any operator from any NASA center to control any NASA lunar asset, regardless of location. Second, by abstracting the native language for specific assets to a common set of messages, an operator may control and monitor any NASA lunar asset by being trained only on the use of RAPID, rather than the specific asset. RAPID is easier to use and more powerful than its predecessor, the Astronaut Interface Device (AID). Utilizing the new robust middleware, DDS (Data Distribution System), developing in RAPID has increased significantly over the old middleware. The API is built upon the Java Eclipse Platform, which combined with DDS, provides platform-independent software architecture, simplifying development of RAPID components. As RAPID continues to evolve and new messages are being designed and implemented, operators for future lunar missions will have a rich environment for commanding and monitoring assets.

  17. Nuclear Materials: Reconsidering Wastes and Assets - 13193

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear industry, both in the commercial and the government sectors, has generated large quantities of material that span the spectrum of usefulness, from highly valuable ('assets') to worthless ('wastes'). In many cases, the decision parameters are clear. Transuranic waste and high level waste, for example, have no value, and is either in a final disposition path today, or - in the case of high level waste - awaiting a policy decision about final disposition. Other materials, though discardable, have intrinsic scientific or market value that may be hidden by the complexity, hazard, or cost of recovery. An informed decision process should acknowledge the asset value, or lack of value, of the complete inventory of materials, and the structure necessary to implement the range of possible options. It is important that informed decisions are made about the asset value for the variety of nuclear materials available. For example, there is a significant quantity of spent fuel available for recycle (an estimated $4 billion value in the Savannah River Site's (SRS) L area alone); in fact, SRS has already blended down more than 300 metric tons of uranium for commercial reactor use. Over 34 metric tons of surplus plutonium is also on a path to be used as commercial fuel. There are other radiological materials that are routinely handled at the site in large quantities that should be viewed as strategically important and / or commercially viable. In some cases, these materials are irreplaceable domestically, and failure to consider their recovery could jeopardize our technological leadership or national defense. The inventories of nuclear materials at SRS that have been characterized as 'waste' include isotopes of plutonium, uranium, americium, and helium. Although planning has been performed to establish the technical and regulatory bases for their discard and disposal, recovery of these materials is both economically attractive and in the national interest. (authors)

  18. Some Divergence Properties of Asset Price Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stummer, Wolfgang

    2001-12-01

    We consider asset price processes Xt which are weak solutions of one-dimensional stochastic differential equations of the form (equation (2)) Such price models can be interpreted as non-lognormally-distributed generalizations of the geometric Brownian motion. We study properties of the Iα-divergence between the law of the solution Xt and the corresponding drift-less measure (the special case α=1 is the relative entropy). This will be applied to some context in statistical information theory as well as to arbitrage theory and contingent claim valuation. For instance, the seminal option pricing theorems of Black-Scholes and Merton appear as a special case.

  19. Fleet wide motor asset management program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO) performed several studies concerning the effects of motor failures on US power production. Problems with aging and the lack of preventative maintenance were noted as major contributors to this production loss. Westinghouse has developed, and successfully utilized, a computer program to assist plants in the decision making process for maximizing the operational availability of their motor fleet. The program considers motors of a fleet as a single, critical to production asset, and aids the operator in decisions regarding the following: 1.) Purchase of spares. 2.) Rewind and refurbishment prioritization. 3.) Long-term budget forecasting. (author)

  20. Legacy Management. Turning liabilities into assets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Legacy Management (LM) Program has responsibility for management of over 85 post-closure sites across the United States. The program was formed through a consolidation of AEC/DOE sites being managed under separate programs and with diverse geography, regulatory bases, residual contaminants, and operating histories. Through development and implementation of a nation-wide program to ensure public safety, remedy performance, compliance, records management and ongoing stakeholder communication, the program has become efficient at meeting post-closure responsibilities and effective at proactively turning these liabilities into assets. (author)

  1. Consumer and asset prices: Some recent evidence

    OpenAIRE

    Gerdesmeier, Dieter; Reimers, Hans-Eggert; Roffia, Barbara

    2015-01-01

    This paper models the relationship between consumer and asset prices (approximated by house prices, oil prices and the exchange rate) by means of a Markov Switching model (MS model). It can be shown that house prices appear to play a significant role in the determination of consumer prices in a high-inflation and a low-inflation regime, whereas oil prices and the exchange rate only unfold an impact in a high-inflation regime. Taken together, these results can be seen as being of help for the ...

  2. Electricity - a great asset for Canada

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Canada has a great national asset in its ability to generate electricity economically from its abundant hydro, coal, and uranium resources. Its nuclear industry has an excellent product. Despite lack of orders for now, the CANDU will be a competitive force when the reactor market recovers. Canada has a proven record of reliability for electricity trade with the United States. There appear to be some opportunities for plants in Canada dedicated to the export of electric power. The federal government is prepared to work closely with the provinces to develop projects which will be attractive to customers in the United States

  3. Identity, morals, and taboos: beliefs as assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bénabou, Roland; Tirole, Jean

    2011-01-01

    We develop a theory of moral behavior, individual and collective, based on a general model of identity in which people care about “who they are” and infer their own values from past choices. The model sheds light on many empirical puzzles inconsistent with earlier approaches. Identity investments respond nonmonotonically to acts or threats, and taboos on mere thoughts arise to protect beliefs about the “priceless” value of certain social assets. High endowments trigger escalating commitment and a treadmill effect, while competing identities can cause dysfunctional capital destruction. Social interactions induce both social and antisocial norms of contribution, sustained by respectively shunning free riders or do-gooders. PMID:22073409

  4. Assessing Asset Pricing Models Using Revealed Preference

    OpenAIRE

    Jonathan B. Berk; Jules H. van Binsbergen

    2014-01-01

    We propose a new method of testing asset pricing models that relies on using quantities rather than prices or returns. We use the capital flows into and out of mutual funds to infer which risk model investors use. We derive a simple test statistic that allows us to infer, from a set of candidate models, the model that is closest to the model that investors use in making their capital allocation decisions. Using this methodology, we find that of the models most commonly used in the literature,...

  5. Test and Demonstration Assets of New Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2008-03-31

    This document was developed by the Arrowhead Center of New Mexico State University as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP), funded by a DOE/NNSA grant. The NSPP has three primary components: business incubation, workforce development, and technology demonstration and validation. The document contains a survey of test and demonstration assets in New Mexico available for external users such as small businesses with security technologies under development. Demonstration and validation of national security technologies created by incubator sources, as well as other sources, are critical phases of technology development. The NSPP will support the utilization of an integrated demonstration and validation environment.

  6. SMS based Android asset tracking system

    OpenAIRE

    Olufowobi, Lawal

    2011-01-01

    As security increasingly becomes not just the concern of security institutions but also that of small companies and individuals, there is a need to offer a solution for everyday common problems of monitoring and tracking valuable assets such as cars, pets, motor-bikes and other valuables. This solution has to be cheap, convenient and inexpensive to be adopted by the general mass of people. This project provides such a solution with the use of a mobile phone for monitoring an SMS-based GPS ...

  7. Marketing Plan for Demonstration and Validation Assets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2008-05-30

    The National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP), is to be sustained by various programs, including technology demonstration and evaluation (DEMVAL). This project assists companies in developing technologies under the National Security Technology Incubator program (NSTI) through demonstration and validation of technologies applicable to national security created by incubators and other sources. The NSPP also will support the creation of an integrated demonstration and validation environment. This report documents the DEMVAL marketing and visibility plan, which will focus on collecting information about, and expanding the visibility of, DEMVAL assets serving businesses with national security technology applications in southern New Mexico.

  8. Self-consistent asset pricing models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malevergne, Y.; Sornette, D.

    2007-08-01

    We discuss the foundations of factor or regression models in the light of the self-consistency condition that the market portfolio (and more generally the risk factors) is (are) constituted of the assets whose returns it is (they are) supposed to explain. As already reported in several articles, self-consistency implies correlations between the return disturbances. As a consequence, the alphas and betas of the factor model are unobservable. Self-consistency leads to renormalized betas with zero effective alphas, which are observable with standard OLS regressions. When the conditions derived from internal consistency are not met, the model is necessarily incomplete, which means that some sources of risk cannot be replicated (or hedged) by a portfolio of stocks traded on the market, even for infinite economies. Analytical derivations and numerical simulations show that, for arbitrary choices of the proxy which are different from the true market portfolio, a modified linear regression holds with a non-zero value αi at the origin between an asset i's return and the proxy's return. Self-consistency also introduces “orthogonality” and “normality” conditions linking the betas, alphas (as well as the residuals) and the weights of the proxy portfolio. Two diagnostics based on these orthogonality and normality conditions are implemented on a basket of 323 assets which have been components of the S&P500 in the period from January 1990 to February 2005. These two diagnostics show interesting departures from dynamical self-consistency starting about 2 years before the end of the Internet bubble. Assuming that the CAPM holds with the self-consistency condition, the OLS method automatically obeys the resulting orthogonality and normality conditions and therefore provides a simple way to self-consistently assess the parameters of the model by using proxy portfolios made only of the assets which are used in the CAPM regressions. Finally, the factor decomposition with the

  9. Multifactor Explanations of Asset Pricing Anomalies.

    OpenAIRE

    Fama, Eugene F.; French, Kenneth R.

    1996-01-01

    Previous work shows that average returns on common stocks are related to firm characteristics like size, earnings/price, cash flow/price, book-to-market equity, past sales growth, long-term past return, and short-term past return. Because these patterns in average returns apparently are not explained by the capital asset pricing model, (CAPM), they are called anomalies. The authors find that, except for the continuation of short-term returns, the anomalies largely disappear in a three-factor ...

  10. The Experimental Study of Asset Pricing Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Bossaerts, Peter

    2009-01-01

    This monograph sets the stage for experiments by first examining a sample data set that looks very much like the typical historical data one gathers from the field, only it was actually generated in the laboratory so that we know what really went on. The example demonstrates how misleading the traditional analysis can be. It then moves on to discuss risk aversion, since asset pricing theory builds on risk aversion. The issue is — is there enough risk aversion in the laboratory given typical l...

  11. Asset liquidity, corporate investment, and endogenous financing costs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flor, Christian Riis; Hirth, Stefan

    2013-01-01

    We analyze how the liquidity of real and financial assets affects corporate investment. The trade-off between liquidation costs and underinvestment costs implies that low-liquidity firms exhibit negative investment sensitivities to liquid funds, whereas high-liquidity firms have positive sensitiv......We analyze how the liquidity of real and financial assets affects corporate investment. The trade-off between liquidation costs and underinvestment costs implies that low-liquidity firms exhibit negative investment sensitivities to liquid funds, whereas high-liquidity firms have positive...... sensitivities. If real assets are not divisible in liquidation, firms with high financial liquidity optimally avoid external financing and instead cut new investment. If real assets are divisible, firms use external financing, which implies a lower sensitivity. In addition, asset redeployability decreases the...... investment sensitivity. Our findings demonstrate that asset liquidity is an important determinant of corporate investment....

  12. EVALUATION METHODS USED FOR TANGIBLE ASSETS BY ECONOMIC ENTITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Csongor CSŐSZ

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available At many entities the net asset value is influenced by the evaluation methods applied for tangible assets, because the value of intangible assets and financial assets is small in most cases. The objective of this paper is to analyze the differences between the procedures / methods of evaluation applied by micro and small entities and medium and large entities for tangible assets in Romania and Hungary. Furthermore, we analyze the differences between the procedures / methods of evaluation applied by micro and small entities in Romania and Hungary, respectively the differences between medium and large entities regarding de evaluation methods for tangible assets in Romania and Hungary. For this empirical study the questionnaire is used – as research technique, and to demonstrate the significant differences between the evaluation methods we used the Kolmogorov – Smirnov Z test.

  13. 75 FR 64182 - Issuer Review of Assets in Offerings of Asset-Backed Securities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-19

    ... by an Insured Depository Institution in Connection with a Securitization or Participation After... in a securitization. For example, commentators on a recent proposing release on asset-backed securities have identified that the type of review conducted by a sponsor of a securitization of...

  14. Trade in Nominal Assets: Monetary Policy, and Price Level and Exchange Rate Risk

    OpenAIRE

    Svensson, Lars E.O.

    1987-01-01

    In a previous paper, "Trade in Risky Assets," I have analyzed the pattern of international trade in risky real assets between barter economies, relying on the Law of Comparative Advantage and using autarky asset price differences to predict the pattern of asset trade. In this paper the analysis is extended to international trade in nominal assets (assets with returns paid in currencies) between monetary economies. The risk chracteristics of real returns on nominal assets depend on price level...

  15. Continued Learning in Asset Management for the Dutch Transport Network

    OpenAIRE

    L. Volker; Van der Lei, T.E.; Van den Boom, M.; Van Der Velde, J.; Wessels, P.; Ligtvoet, A.; Herder, P.M.

    2012-01-01

    Asset management aims at improving the overall performance of assetintensive industries by making and executing systematic and highest value decisions about the use and care of assets. To assist organizations to improve their asset management performance, maturity models can be used. In this paper we describe two applications of the Infrastructure Management Maturity Matrix (IM³). The IM³ consists of five maturity levels on the vertical axis (ad hoc, repeatable, standard, managed, optimal), a...

  16. Probabilistic Asset Valuation Applied to Natural Resource Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Michal Wypych

    2011-01-01

    This paper develops three probabilistic asset valuation models for mining projects. Firstly, an overview of available asset valuation techniques is presented. The probabilistic asset valuation technique is described in greater detail in advance of developing the probabilistic financial models. The probabilistic models incorporate a stochastic behaviour model for the price of copper and a Chilean peso exchange rate correlated to the copper price. The stochastic model parameters are defined bas...

  17. International Portfolio Diversification: Short-Term Financial Assets and Gold

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Braga de Macedo; Jeffrey A. Goldstein; David M. Meerschwam

    1982-01-01

    Using a continuous-time finance-theoretic framework, this paper presents the optimal portfolio rule of an international investor who consumes N national composite goods and who holds N domestic-currency-denominated assets with known nominal interest rates in an environment where prices of goods, assets and exchange rates follow geometric Brownian motion. It is shown that the currency portfolio rule described in Macedo (1982a) is applicable to the case where there are N assets with a known pri...

  18. Equilibrium on International Financial Assets and Goods Marke

    OpenAIRE

    Patrice Fontaine; Cuong Le Van

    2010-01-01

    The international asset pricing models are mostly developed in the situation where purchasing power parity (PPP) is not respected. Investors of di erent countries do not agree on expected security real returns. In this case, an equilibrium on the international assets market may exist but not on the international goods market. Our purpose in this paper is to give conditions under which we have equilibrium, not only on the international nancial assets market but also on the international good m...

  19. Capital asset management process: the case of Hose & Fittings Corporation

    OpenAIRE

    Sung C. Bae; Bell J.C. Park; Tracy Wagner

    2005-01-01

    Purpose – To develop a more effective, long-term-oriented capital asset management process for capital project evaluation Design/methodology/approach – Relying on a cash study format, the weaknesses of the traditional capital budgeting process are examined. The proposed capital asset management process is contrasted with the traditional process with respect to several aspects of long-term resource management. Flow-charts and evaluation matrices are presented. Findings – The capital asset mana...

  20. Vulnerability to asset-poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Echevin, Damien

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a methodology to measure vulnerability to asset-poverty. Using repeated cross-section data, age cohort decomposition techniques focusing on second-order moments can be used to identify and estimate the variance of shocks on assets and, therefore, the probability of being poor in the future. Estimates from the Ghana Living Standard Surveys show that expected asset-poverty is a reliable proxy for expected consumption-poverty. Applying the methodology to nine Demographic Heal...

  1. The Evaluation of Company's Intangible Assets' influence for Business Value

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Mismeasurement of intangible assets in a company may result in high costs and loss of its competitiveness and position in the market. Conventional evaluation methods are not able to identify reliably intangible intensive business value because of such assets specificity. Therefore, the business assessment process adjustment, making it comprehensive and including the intangible asset valuation methods is a critical process that allows to evaluate companies better and increases business managem...

  2. Asset Markets Contagion During the Global Financial Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Dimitris Kenourgios; Dimitrios Dimitriou; Apostolos Christopoulos

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the contagion effects of the 2007-2009 global financial crisis across multiple asset markets and different regions. It uses daily return data of six asset classes: stocks, bonds, commodities, shipping, foreign exchange and real estate. A robust analysis of financial contagion is provided by estimating and comparing asymmetric conditional correlations among asset markets during stable and turmoil periods. Results provide evidence on the existence of a correlated-informa...

  3. Robbing the Bank: Non-recourse Lending and Asset Prices

    OpenAIRE

    Andrey Pavlov; Susan Wachter

    2004-01-01

    We investigate the market prices of assets in fixed supply whose purchase is typically financed through non-recourse loans. The largest and most common asset in this category is real estate. We demonstrate that within these markets, lenders’ underpricing of the put option contained in non-recourse loans leads to inflated asset prices within efficient markets, and that lenders with short-term horizons have incentives to underprice the put option. This persistent underpricing of the put option ...

  4. Dynamic asset allocation for bank under stochastic interest rates.

    OpenAIRE

    Chakroun, Fatma; Fathi ABID

    2014-01-01

    This paper considers the optimal asset allocation strategy for bank with stochastic interest rates when there are three types of asset: Bank account, loans and securities. The asset allocation problem is to maximize the expected utility from terminal wealth of a bank's shareholders over a finite time horizon. As a consequence, we apply a dynamic programming principle to solve the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) equation explicitly in the case of the CRRA utility function. A case study is given ...

  5. Prudent management of utility assets -- Problem or promise?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As utilities move into a deregulated market, the extent and nature of their asset base, as well as, the manner in which they have managed it, may play a key factor in the form of regulatory recovery. Utilities must face the issue of stranded assets. One form of addressing this issue is using ''EVA'', Economic Value Added as a mechanism to form financial models for prudent asset management. The authors present an approach to this challenging aspect of deregulation. They focus on the following utility assets: buildings/facilities, and excess real physical assets. Primarily focusing on Niagara Mohawk, two or three case studies are used to demonstrate how proactive management and EVA analysis transforms underperforming utility assets. These will be presented in a way that can show benefits for all utility stakeholders such as cost avoidance, load growth, real estate tax savings, stranded asset reductions, environmental gains, corporate image enhancement, and regulatory/governmental gains; over and above possible economic gains. Examples will be given that include the transformation of utility assets into award winning commercial, residential, and industrial developments as well as recreational/park lands and greenways. Similarly, other examples will show the many tangible and intangible benefits of an effective investment recovery and waste stream management program. Various strategies will also be presented that detail how utilities can begin to develop a total comprehensive plan for their asset portfolio. The first step in realizing and maximizing EVA towards a portfolio of assets is a change in corporate policy--one from passive ownership to active prudent management. Service and cost will drive competition resulting from full deregulation. To drive down costs, utilities will need to become more efficient in dealing with their asset base. By embracing an EVA model on an entire asset portfolio, utilities can prepare and excel in the newly shaped marketplace

  6. REGULATORY SUPPORT COST ACCOUNTING FOR IMPROVEMENT OF FIXED ASSETS

    OpenAIRE

    Лободзинська, Тетяна Петрівна

    2015-01-01

    This article explores and analyzes the regulatory and legal framework and identified differences in financial and tax accounting related expenses for the improvement of fixed assets. Also the requirements to assign costs to improve fixed assets accounting and tax accounting. Investigated that the outcome of cost accounting for fixed assets improvement depends correct definition of financial results in accounting and correct definition of taxable income, what primarily interested owners and ma...

  7. ASSESSMENT OF BANKING ASSETS ON FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT - ALBANIAN CASE

    OpenAIRE

    ADRIATIK KOTORRI; MIRELA MITI; INGRIT KONOMI

    2014-01-01

    Recognizing the asset value dynamics volatility of the financial institutions and the importance of its recognition both for financial reporting purposes and risk management effect, this paper aims to provide a practical model for the assets and financial institutions evaluation especially banks. It also aims to present a model to measure the value of banking assets for the purposes of risk management as an opportunity to identify in an early moment the banking risks. The pape...

  8. Wealth effects from asset securitization : (the case of Australia)

    OpenAIRE

    Lapanan, Nicha; Anchev, Stefan

    2011-01-01

    Asset securitization is one of the most important financial innovations recently. With an impressive growth in terms of volume of issuance, from almost zero to five trillion USD, in a period of 15-20 years, it is one of the most rapidly growing markets in the financial world. Yet, little is known about this, literally invisible market. Companies engage in asset securitization for a variety of reasons and numerous advantages and disadvantages of asset securitization can be found throughout the...

  9. Incomplete Financial Markets and Jumps in Asset Prices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Crès, Hervé; Markeprand, Tobias Ejnar; Tvede, Mich

    A dynamic pure-exchange general equilibrium model with uncertainty is studied. Fundamentals are supposed to depend continuously on states of nature. It is shown that: 1. if financial markets are complete, then asset prices vary continuously with states of nature, and; 2. if financial markets are...... incomplete, jumps in asset prices may be unavoidable. Consequently incomplete financial markets may increase volatility in asset prices significantly....

  10. An Empirical Testing of Capital Asset Pricing Model in Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    Mostafizur Rahman; Azizul Baten; Ashraf-Ul-Alam

    2006-01-01

    Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) provides an equilibrium linear relationship between expected return and risk of an asset. The purpose of this study is to investigate the risk-return relationship within the CAPM framework. The study also aims at exploring whether CAPM is a good indicator of asset pricing in Bangladesh. For this the period 1999-2003 have been considered. Fama-French (1992) methodology on five variables-Stock market return, Beta, Book to market value, Size (Market capitalizat...

  11. Conceptual framework for measurement of asset depreciation on buildings

    OpenAIRE

    Kask, K

    2015-01-01

    Asset depreciation is an important issue in many economic decisions made either by private or public sector institutions in all times. For example, the methodology and measurement issues of asset depreciation are influencing capital budgeting decisions in corporate finance and also major capital expenditure decisions that concern public sector long-term investments. As the depreciable assets come in many forms, there is still large gaps in literature that need to be filled in order to develop...

  12. Asset Return Dynamics under Bad Environment Good Environment Fundamentals

    OpenAIRE

    Bekaert, Geert; Engstrom, Eric

    2009-01-01

    We introduce a "bad environment-good environment" technology for consumption growth in a consumption- based asset pricing model. Using the preference structure from Campbell and Cochrane (1999), the model generates realistic time-varying volatility, skewness and kurtosis in fundamentals while still permitting closed-form solutions for asset prices. The model not only fits standard salient asset prices features including means and volatilities for equity returns and risk free rates, but also g...

  13. A theory of asset prices based on heterogeneous information

    OpenAIRE

    Christian Hellwig; Aleh Tsyvinski; Elias Albagli

    2012-01-01

    We propose a theory of asset prices that emphasizes heterogeneous information as the main element determining prices of different securities. Our main analytical innovation is in formulating a model of noisy information aggregation through asset prices, which is parsimonious and tractable, yet flexible in the specification of cash flow risks. We show that the noisy aggregation of heterogeneous investor beliefs drives a systematic wedge between the impact of fundamentals on an asset price, and...

  14. A Theory of Asset Pricing Based on Heterogeneous Information

    OpenAIRE

    Elias Albagli; Christian Hellwig; Aleh Tsyvinski

    2011-01-01

    We propose a theory of asset prices that emphasizes heterogeneous information as the main element determining prices of different securities. Our main analytical innovation is in formulating a model of noisy information aggregation through asset prices, which is parsimonious and tractable, yet flexible in the specification of cash flow risks. We show that the noisy aggregation of heterogeneous investor beliefs drives a systematic wedge between the impact of fundamentals on an asset price, and...

  15. Asset Stock Accumulation and Sustainability of Competitive Advantage

    OpenAIRE

    Ingemar Dierickx; Karel Cool

    1989-01-01

    Given incomplete factor markets, appropriate time paths of flow variables must be chosen to build required stocks of assets. That is, critical resources are accumulated rather than acquired in "strategic factor markets" (Barney [Barney, J. 1986. Strategic factor markets: Expectations, luck, and business strategy. Management Sci. (October) 1231--1241.]). Sustainability of a firm's asset position hinges on how easily assets can be substituted or imitated. Imitability is linked to the characteri...

  16. Fractal asset returns, arbitrage and option pricing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Potgieter, Petrus H. [Department of Decision Sciences, School of Economic Sciences, University of South Africa, P.O. Box 392, Pretoria 0003 (South Africa)], E-mail: php@member.ams.org

    2009-11-15

    In the discrete-time fractional random walk model a market with one risky asset affords an arbitrage opportunity as described by Cutland et al. [Cutland NJ, Kopp PE, Willinger W. Stock price returns and the Joseph effect: a fractional version of the Black-Scholes model. In: Russo Francesco, Bolthausen Erwin, Dozzi Marco, editors. Seminar on 6 stochastic analysis, random fields and applications, pp. 327-351. Seminar on stochastic analysis, random fields and applications. Ascona: Centro Stefano Franscini; 1993, Progress in probability 36. Birkhauser Verlag; 1995.] and Sottinen [Sottinen Tommi. Fractional Brownian motion, random walks and binary market models. Finance Stoch 2001;5(3):343-355]. We briefly discuss these results and compute a numerical example in a fractional binomial model as illustration and mention an option pricing model for assets the returns of which are driven by a fractional Brownian motion [Yaozhong Hu, Bernt Oksendal. Fractional white noise calculus and applications to finance. Infin Dimens Anal Quant Probability Rel Top 2003;6:1-32, ISSN 0219-0257; Fajardo J, Cajueiro DO. Volatility estimation and option pricing with fractional Brownian motion, October 2003. Available from: (http://ideas.repec.org/p/ibm/finlab/flwp53.html)].

  17. Fractal asset returns, arbitrage and option pricing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the discrete-time fractional random walk model a market with one risky asset affords an arbitrage opportunity as described by Cutland et al. [Cutland NJ, Kopp PE, Willinger W. Stock price returns and the Joseph effect: a fractional version of the Black-Scholes model. In: Russo Francesco, Bolthausen Erwin, Dozzi Marco, editors. Seminar on 6 stochastic analysis, random fields and applications, pp. 327-351. Seminar on stochastic analysis, random fields and applications. Ascona: Centro Stefano Franscini; 1993, Progress in probability 36. Birkhauser Verlag; 1995.] and Sottinen [Sottinen Tommi. Fractional Brownian motion, random walks and binary market models. Finance Stoch 2001;5(3):343-355]. We briefly discuss these results and compute a numerical example in a fractional binomial model as illustration and mention an option pricing model for assets the returns of which are driven by a fractional Brownian motion [Yaozhong Hu, Bernt Oksendal. Fractional white noise calculus and applications to finance. Infin Dimens Anal Quant Probability Rel Top 2003;6:1-32, ISSN 0219-0257; Fajardo J, Cajueiro DO. Volatility estimation and option pricing with fractional Brownian motion, October 2003. Available from: (http://ideas.repec.org/p/ibm/finlab/flwp53.html)].

  18. Asset Freezing: Smart Sanction or Criminal Charge?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wouter de Zanger

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available In this article the question is asked whether asset freezing can be qualified as a criminal charge within the meaning of Article6 ECHR and if yes, what effects this qualification may have on the legislative framework on so called smart sanctions. Byanalysing Community and EU law and case law of the European Court of Human Rights, General Court of Instance andCourt of Justice of the European Communities the authors give an overview of the notion and possible qualification of assetfreezing as a criminal charge. The article further focusses on the consequenses of qualifying asset freezing as a criminal chargeunder ECHR and EC/EU law and concludes by answering the aforementioned question.This article is a rewrite of a research paper written under supervision of prof. dr. J.A.E. Vervaele and prof. dr. C.H. Brants(Willem Pompe Institute for Criminal Law and Criminology, Utrecht University School of Law, whom the authors wouldlike to thank for their useful comments and supervision.

  19. ACCRUAL OF LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Ilie

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available International Financial Reporting Standards together with Public Sector Accounting Standards are based on professional reasoning by appealing to principles that can lead to several solutions for a certain problem. In this respect Romanian economic mechanisms have a high level of rigidity in the implementation of accounting concepts and principles so that it is important to highlight the aspects that generate added value in the current economic climate. Even since 2005 the harmonization of Romanian accounting with the directives of International Accounting Standards, which came to support the harmonization of rules and principles concerning the development of annual financial statements of public institutions, is the most important and essential challenge for administrative environment. Assets and contingent liabilities are elements which in terms of the law cannot be included in the assets of a public institution that is why accounting of these elements must be performed using special off-balance sheet accounts. The purpose of this work emphasizes the opportunity and the recognition of economic events whose elements should be reflected in balance sheet, but also the appropriate and necessary moment of making entries over special accounts off the balance sheet in accordance with IPSAS 19.

  20. Protecting high value assets in transit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that one of the most daunting tasks facing a security manager is how to protect classified or high value assets such as nuclear materials in transit, especially when the shipment is to be handled by a commercial carrier. There are many opportunities for an adversary to gain access to cargo shipments en route, including situations in which the cargo must be held in storage for weeks or even months. Standard commercial alarm systems are not suitable for use in containers subject to vibration or high and low temperature extremes, or situations in which national assets might be used to gain surreptitious access to the container and to defeat the alarm system. A new alarm monitoring system has been developed to provide a secure auditing system for use in rail cars, Conex containers, and other transportable containers. The system, referred to as the PEL-100, electronically supervises intrusion detection sensors mounted on or within a container, and records all intrusion attempts in a secure, solid state memory storage device. The security archive can be withdrawn and reviewed after the container has completed its travels, and will provide a complete audit trail of intrusion attempts in transit. The PEL-100 includes one of the most comprehensive security tamper systems ever fielded, and is intended to operate reliably and securely in an environment subject to vibration, EMI/RFI emissions, electronic spoofing, and physical manipulation. The unit provides a clear and unambiguous indication of tampering and includes a comprehensive internal security system to detect insider tampering

  1. EHV transmission maintenance. A total asset strategy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For countries whose economies are rapidly expanding, the demand for power, and in particular electricity, is resulting in rapid expansions of the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity. This means that a new plant is being installed which, apart from some minor post commissioning problems, will be free from major maintenance for several years to come. Consequently, in such cases, maintenance is confined to basic annual shutdown checks and routine online monitoring. As equipment and plant age it is important to commence planning for additional maintenance over and above these basic annual checks; to monitor performance; to monitor faults and defects and to use that information to engineer out design faults, to influence current maintenance techniques and to influence future procurement specifications. Also, provided that sufficient information is available, informed decisions can be taken as to when a power plant should be decommissioned or refurbished. This process can be described as a total asset management strategy covering all decisions from procurement through to commissioning, ongoing maintenance, refurbishment, decommissioning and reappraisal of specifications for future procurement. Based upon the author's experience within the United Kingdom Electricity Supply industry, a total asset strategy will be proposed for EHV transmission plant that will optimise current and future expenditure while maximizing reliability and minimising downtime. 1 ref., 5 figs

  2. Methodical Approaches to Diagnostics of Circulating Assets of an Enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleksandrenko Iryna V.

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the study of theoretical and practical grounds of diagnostics of circulation assets. It identifies essence of circulating assets and their types. It shows main stages of diagnostics of circulating assets and systemises main tasks, which should be solved in the process of diagnostics. It specifies methods used in the process of diagnostics of the enterprise circulating assets. It identifies and shows the order of calculation of indicators of efficiency of use of circulating assets. Based on the proposed indicators of efficiency of use of circulating assets the article identifies methodical grounds of carrying out their factor analysis. The provided methods of conduct of a factor analysis of the circulating assets turnover ration allows finding out how growth (reduction of components of circulating assets influenced the change of the effective indicator. Based on the results of diagnostics of circulating assets the article shows main managerial decisions that could be taken into account. The reflected theoretical and practical aspects of diagnostics are a foundation of conduct of diagnostics of property and the financial state of the enterprise in general.

  3. Analysis of Appraising Agricultural Intangible Asset Value by Cost Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    On the basis of describing the connotation of agricultural intangible asset and cost method,the technical ideas of appraising by cost method are introduced.The article analyzes the advantages(simple appraisal principle and easy to understand and grasp;overall consideration of various factors related to appraisal result value) and disadvantages(high appraisal cost;difficult to appraise and grasp various appraisal factors) of appraising by cost method.The article also summarizes the precondition of appraising by cost method:it is applicable to appraise the agricultural intangible asset which can be reproduced and afresh developed.Based on the cognition of agricultural intangible asset and the relevant rules of Ministry of Finance on appraisal of intangible asset by using cost method,the model of appraising agricultural intangible asset by cost method is constructed.That is:agricultural intangible asset value = replacement cost of agricultural intangible asset ×newness rate + opportunity cost of agricultural intangible asset.Determine and analyze parameters of the model,in order to offer references for appraisers to appraise agricultural intangible asset value more reasonably.

  4. Does Reversal of Asset Impairment Loss Matter? Evidence from China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Lei Chang

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to investigate whether the reforms of asset impairment regulations affect the provision and functional role of impairment losses and reversals of listed firms in China. The results reveal that listed firms decrease the provision of long-term asset impairments, but increase the provision of current asset impairments and reversals following the implementation of new asset impairment regulations. This research also verifies that listed firms adjust impairment provisions and reversals policy for income smoothing and big-bath purposes. Under different earnings management incentives, this study also finds that special treatment (ST and non-ST firms show different level of accounting policy adjustment.

  5. ACCOUNTING AND TAX ISSUES RELATING TO DEPRECIATION OF TANGIBLE ASSETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZEFINESCU CARMEN-VERONICA

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The article proposes a study on the financial and accounting implications of tangible assets depreciation. According to national accounting rules and IFRS, depreciation is the equivalent to irreversible impairment of assets. This amend character is given by correcting the fixed assets counting value to obtain the net counting value. The value of depreciation calculated by applying redemption quota to the counting value of the asset is included in operating expenses for the duration of its use until full recovery of input value and affects the outcome of the exercise.

  6. AMERICAN CONCEPTUAL FRAME REGARDING INTELLECTUALY PROPERTY,PART OF INTANGIBLE ASSETS

    OpenAIRE

    Ecaterina NECSULESCU

    2006-01-01

    Generally, appraisers and economists categorize individual intangible assets into several distinct categories. This categorization of intangible assets is made for general asset identification and classification purposes. The intangible assets are often grouped in the same category when similar valuation methods are particularly applicable to tha t group of assets.

  7. Dynamic asset allocation and latent variables

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Carsten; Trolle, Anders Bjerre

    We derive an explicit solution to the portfolio problem of a power utility investorwith preferences for wealth at a ¯nite investment horizon. The investor can investin assets with return dynamics described as part of a general multivariate model.The modeling framework encompasses discrete-time VAR......-models where some ofthe state-variables (e.g. expected excess returns) may not be directly observable.A realistic multivariate model is estimated and applied to analyze the portfolioimplications of investment horizon and return predictability when real interest ratesand expected excess returns on stock and...... bonds are not directly observed but mustbe estimated as part of the problem faced by the investor. The solution exhibitssmall variability in portfolio allocations over time compared to the case when excessreturns are assumed observable.JEL Classification: G11Keywords: Portfolio choice, predictability...

  8. Determinant of securitization asset pricing in Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakri, M. H.; Ali, R.; Ismail, S.; Sufian, F.; Baharom, A. H.

    2014-12-01

    Malaysian firms have been reported involve in Asset Back Securities since 1986s where Cagamas is a pioneer. This research aims to examine the factor influencing primary market spread. Least square method and regression analysis are applied for the study period 2004-2012. The result shows one determinants in internal regression model and three determinants in external regression influence or contribute to the primary market spread and are statistically significant in developing the securitization in Malaysia. It can be concluded that transaction size significantly contribute to the determinant primary market spread in internal regression model while liquidity, transaction size and crisis is significant in both regression model. From five hypotheses, three hypotheses support that the determinants have a relationship with primary market spread.

  9. Some Divergence Properties of Asset Price Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfgang Stummer

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: We consider asset price processes Xt which are weak solutions of one-dimensional stochastic differential equations of the form (equation (2 Such price models can be interpreted as non-lognormally-distributed generalizations of the geometric Brownian motion. We study properties of the Iα-divergence between the law of the solution Xt and the corresponding drift-less measure (the special case α=1 is the relative entropy. This will be applied to some context in statistical information theory as well as to arbitrage theory and contingent claim valuation. For instance, the seminal option pricing theorems of Black-Scholes and Merton appear as a special case.

  10. Invisible Assets of Uneven-Age Associations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krapivina L. A.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The problem of insufficient usage of research results devoted to the development and teaching a person in multi-aged in pedagogical theory and practice is considered. The occurrence of “invisible assets” as a phenomenon of human activity results is also reviewed. These results show the synergic effect that considerably exceeds the index relative to the effort sum of separate components. The results of the emergent effect of invisible assets manifestation in multi-aged unions studied in Russian pedagogical science are represented. The systemic factors defining the magnitude, power and limit of educative potential of a multi-aged union are singled out. The necessity of using the results of rich Russian pedagogical experience of G. V. Radetskiy, S. T. Shatskiy, A. S. Makarenko, I. P. Ivanov, V. P. Krapivin and their followers of the 21st century in studying social development of adolescents based on the historical-genetic analysis is shown in the paper.

  11. Launch Vehicle Demonstrator Using Shuttle Assets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Creech, Dennis M.; Threet, Grady E., Jr.; Philips, Alan D.; Waters, Eric D.

    2011-01-01

    The Advanced Concepts Office at NASA's George C. Marshall Space Flight Center undertook a study to define candidate early heavy lift demonstration launch vehicle concepts derived from existing space shuttle assets. The objective was to determine the performance capabilities of these vehicles and characterize potential early demonstration test flights. Given the anticipated budgetary constraints that may affect America's civil space program, and a lapse in U.S. heavy launch capability with the retirement of the space shuttle, an early heavy lift launch vehicle demonstration flight would not only demonstrate capabilities that could be utilized for future space exploration missions, but also serve as a building block for the development of our nation s next heavy lift launch system. An early heavy lift demonstration could be utilized as a test platform, demonstrating capabilities of future space exploration systems such as the Multi Purpose Crew Vehicle. By using existing shuttle assets, including the RS-25D engine inventory, the shuttle equipment manufacturing and tooling base, and the segmented solid rocket booster industry, a demonstrator concept could expedite the design-to-flight schedule while retaining critical human skills and capital. In this study two types of vehicle designs are examined. The first utilizes a high margin/safety factor battleship structural design in order to minimize development time as well as monetary investment. Structural design optimization is performed on the second, as if an operational vehicle. Results indicate low earth orbit payload capability is more than sufficient to support various vehicle and vehicle systems test programs including Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle articles. Furthermore, a shuttle-derived, hydrogen core vehicle configuration offers performance benefits when trading evolutionary paths to maximum capability.

  12. 77 FR 70178 - Application for the Transfer of Physical Assets

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-23

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Application for the Transfer of Physical Assets AGENCY: Office of the Chief... lists the following information: Title of Proposed: Application for the Transfer of Physical Assets. OMB... information will be used to ensure that HUD multifamily housing properties are not placed in...

  13. 77 FR 10422 - Reporting of Specified Foreign Financial Assets; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-22

    ... Monday, December 19, 2011 (76 FR 78594), relating to the reporting of specified foreign financial assets... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BJ69 Reporting of Specified Foreign Financial Assets... publication of the notice of proposed rulemaking (REG-130302-10), which was the subject of FR Doc....

  14. 77 FR 9845 - Reporting of Specified Foreign Financial Assets; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-21

    ... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BK17 Reporting of Specified Foreign Financial Assets... on Monday, December 19, 2011, relating to the reporting of specified foreign financial assets. DATES... section 6038 of the Internal Revenue Code. Need for Correction As published on December 19, 2011 (76...

  15. 77 FR 9877 - Reporting of Specified Foreign Financial Assets; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-21

    ... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BJ69 Reporting of Specified Foreign Financial Assets... Register on Monday, December 19, 2011, relating to the reporting of specified foreign financial assets. FOR... section 6038 of the Internal Revenue Code. Need for Correction As published on December 19, 2011, (76...

  16. 75 FR 39329 - Interagency Guidance on Asset Securitization Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-08

    ... Office of Thrift Supervision Interagency Guidance on Asset Securitization Activities AGENCY: Office of... collection. Title of Proposal: Interagency Guidance on Asset Securitization Activities. OMB Number: 1550-0104... securitization activities and to ensure that they minimize operational risk in these activities. OTS will...

  17. COLLATERALIZED DEBT OBLIGATION IN THE MECHANISM OF SECURITIZATION OF ASSETS

    OpenAIRE

    Solodkaya, Olga

    2015-01-01

    The article examines the nature and features of the structure CDO. The characteristics of classic and synthetic securitization of assets. The expediency of implementation of collateralized debt obligation in the mechanism of securitization assets. The conditions of efficient CDO’s portfolio management in the сash flow transaction and market value transaction.

  18. 75 FR 24774 - Interagency Guidance on Asset Securitization Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-05

    ... Office of Thrift Supervision Interagency Guidance on Asset Securitization Activities AGENCY: Office of... collection. Title of Proposal: Interagency Guidance on Asset Securitization Activities. OMB Number: 1550-0104... securitization activities and to ensure that they minimize operational risk in these activities. OTS will...

  19. Asset Prices and Trading Volume under Fixed Transactions Costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo, Andrew W.; Mamaysky, Harry; Wang, Jiang

    2004-01-01

    We propose a dynamic equilibrium model of asset prices and trading volume when agents face fixed transactions costs. We show that even small fixed costs can give rise to large "no-trade" regions for each agent's optimal trading policy. The inability to trade more frequently reduces the agents' asset demand and in equilibrium gives rise to a…

  20. 12 CFR 704.8 - Asset and liability management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... used as a basis of estimation. (b) Asset and liability management committee (ALCO). A corporate credit... risk management policies. (c) Penalty for early withdrawals. A corporate credit union that permits... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Asset and liability management. 704.8...

  1. 76 FR 78553 - Reporting of Specified Foreign Financial Assets

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-19

    ... accounting discussed in section 2(D) of this explanation, and the exception from reporting for stock held in... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BK17 Reporting of Specified Foreign Financial Assets AGENCY... reporting specified foreign financial assets. For a financial account, the name and address of the...

  2. 31 CFR 223.9 - Valuation of assets and liabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Valuation of assets and liabilities. 223.9 Section 223.9 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued... WITH THE UNITED STATES § 223.9 Valuation of assets and liabilities. In determining the...

  3. 39 CFR 3060.11 - Valuation of assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Valuation of assets. 3060.11 Section 3060.11 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL ACCOUNTING PRACTICES AND TAX RULES FOR THE THEORETICAL COMPETITIVE PRODUCTS ENTERPRISE § 3060.11 Valuation of assets. For the purposes of 39 U.S.C....

  4. 2014 State of Western's Assets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2014-01-01

    In this report we document the State of Western’s Assets in terms of physical equipment, financial resources, strategic direction, and human capital, both at the organizational and regional levels. We identify the condition of our assets today and share what work we will be doing in these areas in the coming years.

  5. Recent Reforms in Asset Management in New Zealand

    OpenAIRE

    Gimblett, Murray

    2015-01-01

    This presentation covers some of the changes to asset management following a comprehensive review of road maintenance in New Zealand. The review suggested increased efficiency could be realized by changing business models, procurement, asset management and critically examining levels of service.

  6. 26 CFR 1.585-4 - Reorganizations and asset acquisitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Reorganizations and asset acquisitions. 1.585-4... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Banking Institutions § 1.585-4 Reorganizations and asset... accounting for bad debts prior to July 11, 1969. For the taxable year 1970 through 1973, X and Y...

  7. Reasons to value the health care intangible asset valuation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reilly, Robert F

    2012-01-01

    There are numerous individual reasons to conduct a health care intangible asset valuation. This discussion summarized many of these reasons and considered the common categories of these individual reasons. Understanding the reason for the intangible asset analysis is an important prerequisite to conducting the valuation, both for the analyst and the health care owner/operator. This is because an intangible asset valuation may not be the type of analysis that the owner/operator really needs. Rather, the owner/operator may really need an economic damages measurement, a license royalty rate analysis, an intercompany transfer price study, a commercialization potential evaluation, or some other type of intangible asset analysis. In addition, a clear definition of the reason for the valuation will allow the analyst to understand if (1) any specific analytical guidelines, procedures, or regulations apply and (2) any specific reporting requirement applies. For example, intangible asset valuations prepared for fair value accounting purposes should meet specific ASC 820 fair value accounting guidance. Intangible asset valuations performed for intercompany transfer price tax purposes should comply with the guidance provided in the Section 482 regulations. Likewise, intangible asset valuations prepared for Section 170 charitable contribution purposes should comply with specific reporting requirements. The individual reasons for the health care intangible asset valuation may influence the standard of value applied, the valuation date selected, the valuation approaches and methods applied, the form and format of valuation report prepared, and even the type of professional employed to perform the valuation. PMID:23971140

  8. 18 CFR 35.18 - Asset retirement obligations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Asset retirement obligations. 35.18 Section 35.18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... not seeking recovery of the asset retirement costs in rates, must remove all...

  9. Insurance of Assets as a Risk in Wood Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pirc Andreja

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of the existing situation in four companies involved in wood processing has shown that all of these were covered by insurance policies. The study revealed that the observed companies do not see the need for high-quality insurance. A trend was noted, albeit too slow, towards a wider and more comprehensive insurance coverage of assets and assets interests. At the same time there is a high and significant risk of a possible major accident that is not covered by insurance policies. The stability of companies is based on operations security, and better quality of assets and assets interest insurance would result in higher security of operations. Assets insurance is a specific issue and a wider perspective is required in order to properly present the need for insurance. The present paper will show that assets insurance is indispensable. The results of the study indicate that in the forthcoming period the insurance of assets and assets interests will become more essential and more significant.

  10. 48 CFR 9904.404 - Capitalization of tangible assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Capitalization of tangible assets. 9904.404 Section 9904.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD... ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS 9904.404 Capitalization of tangible assets....

  11. 47 CFR 32.2680 - Amortizable tangible assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Amortizable tangible assets. 32.2680 Section 32.2680 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES UNIFORM... Amortizable tangible assets. This account shall be used by Class B carriers to record amounts for...

  12. Family Assets and Child Outcomes: Evidence and Directions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grinstein-Weiss, Michal; Williams Shanks, Trina R.; Beverly, Sondra G.

    2014-01-01

    For poor families, the possession of assets--savings accounts, homes, and the like--has the potential not only to relieve some of the stress of living in poverty but also to make a better future seem like a real possibility. If children in families that own certain assets fare better than children in families without them, then helping poor…

  13. 47 CFR 32.1500 - Other jurisdictional assets-net.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Other jurisdictional assets-net. 32.1500 Section 32.1500 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES....1500 Other jurisdictional assets—net. This account shall include the cumulative impact on assets...

  14. 31 CFR 223.7 - Investment of capital and assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Investment of capital and assets. 223.7 Section 223.7 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued... WITH THE UNITED STATES § 223.7 Investment of capital and assets. The cash capital and other funds...

  15. The Developmental Assets and ASCA's National Standards: A Crosswalk Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevens, Holly; Wilkerson, Kevin

    2010-01-01

    This article offers a comprehensive literature review of Developmental Assets[TM], defined as the positive building blocks that all children and adolescents need to succeed. The article examines the usefulness of the Developmental Assets for a comprehensive, developmental, and strengths-based school counseling program. A crosswalk comparing the…

  16. Meeting the Needs of LGBTQ Youth: A "Relational Assets" Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadowski, Michael; Chow, Stephen; Scanlon, Constance P.

    2009-01-01

    Drawing primarily on three case studies, this article proposes a framework that those concerned about the welfare of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth can consider when developing, evaluating, or arguing for more effective programming: a relational assets approach. The relational assets approach merges the…

  17. Estimating expenditure impacts without expenditure data using asset proxies

    OpenAIRE

    Martin Wittenberg

    2009-01-01

    When asset indices are used in regressions the coefficients obtained are typically difficult to interpret. We show how lower bounds on expenditure effects can be extracted, if the relationship between the assets and expenditure can be calibrated on an auxiliary data set.

  18. 12 CFR 616.6500 - Investment in leased assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Investment in leased assets. 616.6500 Section 616.6500 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM LEASING § 616.6500 Investment in leased assets. An institution may acquire property to be leased that is consistent with current...

  19. The engineering assessment for New England's power asset divestiture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The structuring of the electric industry is progressing. On October 1, 1996, New England Electric System (NEES) announced that it would divest its generating assets. Since then other utilities in California and New England have also decided to divest all or some of their generating facilities. NEES owns 3,962 MWs of generating assets consisting of two coal/oil fired stations, one combined cycle gas station, fourteen hydro stations and one pumped storage station. Also included in the asset sale is 1,155 MWs of purchased capacity under power purchasing agreements. This paper will describe the activities undertaken by NEES and Stone and Weber in preparing for the asset sale. It will provide insight for others on how these activities help to maximize the value obtained for the generating assets

  20. ASSESSMENT OF BANKING ASSETS ON FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT - ALBANIAN CASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ADRIATIK KOTORRI

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Recognizing the asset value dynamics volatility of the financial institutions and the importance of its recognition both for financial reporting purposes and risk management effect, this paper aims to provide a practical model for the assets and financial institutions evaluation especially banks. It also aims to present a model to measure the value of banking assets for the purposes of risk management as an opportunity to identify in an early moment the banking risks. The paper develops the bank assets assessment forms and the basis of mathematical modeling of this assessment in general. He identifies also the evaluation factors as for example time to maturity, interest rate market for the assets (YTM, the interest rate agreed, the early repayment of the loan, interest ceilings and floors, off-balance sheet treatment, etc..

  1. 75 FR 43197 - Public Housing Assessment System (PHAS): Asset Management Transition Year 2 Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-23

    ... notice, Public Housing Assessment System (PHAS): Asset Management Transition Year 2 Information (75 FR... Register notice (FR-5227- N-01), ``Public Housing Assessment System (PHAS): Asset Management Transition... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Public Housing Assessment System (PHAS): Asset Management Transition Year 2...

  2. IRREVERSIBLE ASSETS ARE IN THE SYSTEM TO CIRCULATION OF CAPITAL OF ENTERPRISE

    OpenAIRE

    V. Shvets; Borisiyk, O.

    2010-01-01

    Essence of irreversible assets is considered. Circulation of irreversible assets is exposed. Certainly factor which influences on the size of capital of enterprise. The cost of the fixed assets of Ukraine is represented in 2000-2008 years.

  3. The financial economics of sovereign asset value: functional perspectives and market outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Posch, Peter N; Roger J. Bowden; Kalteier, Eva-Maria

    2014-01-01

    The asset value of government has traditionally been seen as the accounting value of public assets. We develop a detailed financial economics view on sovereign asset values using market measures to arrive at implied sovereign asset values. We establish definition and dependencies within the resulting framework. Unlike the private sector, it is not a necessary public sector objective to maximise functional asset value as such; indeed some wealthier countries can run a habitually lower asset co...

  4. Analysis of Asset Classes Through the Business Cycle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Audrius Dzikevičius

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This study was driven by the dissimilar performance characteristics displayed by asset classes over the business cycle. The authors aim to explore assets classes on the grounds of a scientific literature review and a statistical analysis. Business cycles are divided into four stages to explore broad movements in returns of asset classes and a possible existence of asymmetrical effects of determinants within stages. Six main asset classes were analysed: US stocks, EAFE stocks, Bonds, Gold, Real Estate and Commodities. Monthly data from February 1976 to August 2011 were used for the study. The article combines business cycle and asset allocation theories by adding valuable information about performance of asset classes during different phases of the business cycle. Using the OECD Composite Leading Indicator as a business cycle measure, the authors demonstrate that different assets classes have different return/risk characteristics over the business cycle. The article demonstrates how to use the business cycle approach for investment decision-making. The OECD Composite Leading Indicator can provide significant information on market expectations and the future outlook; hence, results of this study can help every investor improve his/her performance and risk management.

  5. 7th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management

    CERN Document Server

    Choi, Byeongkuen; Ma, Lin; Mathew, Joseph

    2015-01-01

    These proceedings comprise 60 refereed papers of the Seventh World Congress on Engineering Asset Management (WCEAM) that was held in Deajeon City, Korea from 8-9 October 2012. The material is a compilation of state-of-the-art papers in the field covering a comprehensive range of subjects that are equally relevant to business managers and engineering professionals alike. Proceedings of the 7th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management (WCEAM 2012): Towards Integration and Interoperability in EAM covers a wide range of topics in the discipline of engineering asset management, including: ·         strategic asset management ·         condition monitoring and diagnostics ·         integrated intelligent maintenance ·         sensors and devices ·         information quality & management; ·         sustainability in asset management ·         asset performance and knowledge management ·         data mining and AI techniques in asset m...

  6. Double hedge aids commercial terms of upstream asset purchase

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In recent years many major oil companies have elected to rationalize their producing assets. Mature production--particularly onshore in developed countries, associated with high costs and small profit margins--has been the major target. The current weakness in oil prices has resulted in many such properties being on the market. However, much production marginal to a major can be highly profitable to a cost-effective independent, particularly if the production fits strategically with the independent's asset portfolio. Although many independents recognize that some of the producing assets on the market could be of potential value to them, in a period of volatile prices two important valuations have to be technically justified and negotiated to enable or persuade them to conclude a purchase agreement for a specific asset. These are: A purchase value for an asset that is acceptable to both seller and buyer; and A loan value for the asset to establish the level of debt that the asset can support for the buyer. In defining these two important values (both of which are usually established as ranges rather than single values) the independent has to protect itself against a downturn in commodity prices and exposing itself to an unserviceable level of debt. The paper discusses reducing risks, purchase price hedge, an example of a hedged purchase price, price elements, loan value analysis, agreement structure, loan value hedge, and an example of a hedged loan value

  7. Economic sustainability and the preservation of environmental assets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foy, George

    1990-11-01

    The core requirement of sustainability is that current economic activities should not result in an excessive burden on future generations. This criterion is general enough to imply different decision rules for the preservation of environmental assets. Neoclassical economics does not have a sustainability criterion for environmental assets independent of the intertemporal efficiency criterion, which allocates environmental and man-made capital based on projected monetary benefits and costs. This criterion is examined in terms of the feasibility of valuing the benefits of environmental assets, the substitution possibilities between natural and man-made capital, and the ethical grounds for using efficiency as the sole determinant of the allocation of environmental assets. An alternative ecological sustainability criterion is the preservation of safe minimum levels of environmental assets in physical terms rather than the dollar value of a composite of natural and man-made capital. Safe minimum standards for environmental assets constrain the efficiency criterion in order to ensure the sustainability of economic systems. It is argued that the ecological approach to sustainability should limit the economic approach for decisions involving the allocation of environmental assets.

  8. The current investment climate for midstream gas processing assets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brouwer, R.J. [ATCO Midstream, Calgary, AB (Canada)

    1999-04-01

    Topics discussed in this paper dealing with the current investment climate for midstream gas processing assets include: (1) strategic reasons to retain or divest midstream assets, (2) available options for midstream asset divestment, (3) midstream market fundamentals, and (4) financial performance of midstream companies. There are some 700 gas plants in Alberta at present, of which about 20 per cent are owned by midstream companies . About one half of the plants are smaller than 12.5 MMCFD which represent inefficient use of resources; a clear indication that there are substantial opportunities for consolidation. 1 tab., 4 figs.

  9. Managing Risks in Electrical Infrastructure Assets from a Strategic Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Zhuang, Q.

    2015-01-01

    Should risks always be quantified before being managed? The answer is “yes” in the opinion of most asset managers in today’s electricity transmission and distribution companies, but “no” in modern theories of risk management. When the risks refer to reliability hazards of high-voltage assets, the answer to the above question is “yes, it should be, but not yet”. The first part of this thesis studies a typical cause of this situation: when data and knowledge on high-voltage assets are insuffici...

  10. Achieving robust interchangeability of test assets in ATE systems

    CERN Document Server

    Oblad, R P

    1999-01-01

    This paper identities the key issues that have made if so difficult to achieve asset interchangeability. Several of the historical attempts to solve the problem of asset interchangeability are described, along with an analysis of the reasons that they did not achieve the expected results. Specific topics that are covered are SCPI, VXIplug&play, IVI, ATLAS, and Measurement Subsystems. Principles associated with the ownership of interfaces will be outlined. Finally, a set of rules and principles will be discussed that must be applied to achieve robust asset interchangeability. Robust is defined as interchangeability that can be "guaranteed" without testing all TPSs against the modified test system. (9 refs).

  11. Hedging Basket Options by Using a Subset of Underlying Assets

    OpenAIRE

    Su, Xia

    2006-01-01

    This paper proposes two-step static hedging strategies for European basket options by using only plain-vanilla options on a subset of underlying assets. The basic idea is stimulated from a static super-hedging strategy dependent on the whole basket. However, it would be too complicated to handle when there is a large number of assets in the basket. It becomes even worse when some of the underlying assets are illiquid or not available for trading. Meanwhile, this strategy completely neglects t...

  12. The current investment climate for midstream gas processing assets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Topics discussed in this paper dealing with the current investment climate for midstream gas processing assets include: (1) strategic reasons to retain or divest midstream assets, (2) available options for midstream asset divestment, (3) midstream market fundamentals, and (4) financial performance of midstream companies. There are some 700 gas plants in Alberta at present, of which about 20 per cent are owned by midstream companies . About one half of the plants are smaller than 12.5 MMCFD which represent inefficient use of resources; a clear indication that there are substantial opportunities for consolidation. 1 tab., 4 figs

  13. Orchestrated management of heterogeneous sensors incorporating feedback from intelligence assets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkale, Yugandhar; Chong, Edwin K. P.

    2015-05-01

    We develop a method for autonomous management of multiple heterogeneous sensors mounted on unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for multitarget tracking. The main contribution of the paper is incorporation of feedback received from intelligence assets (humans) on priorities assigned to specific targets. We formulate the problem as a partially observable Markov decision processes (POMDP) where information received from assets is captured as a penalty on the cost function. The resulting constrained optimization problem is solved using an augmented Lagrangian method. Information obtained from sensors and assets is fused centrally for guiding the UAVs to track these targets.

  14. Evaluating Conditional Asset Pricing Models for the German Stock Market

    OpenAIRE

    Schrimpf, Andreas; Schröder, Michael; Stehle, Richard

    2006-01-01

    We study the performance of conditional asset pricing models in explaining the German cross-section of stock returns. Our test assets are portfolios sorted by size and book-to-market as in the paper by Fama and French (1993). Our results show that the empirical performance of the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) can be improved substantially when allowing for time-varying parameters of the stochastic discount factor. A conditional CAPM with the term spread as a conditioning variable is able...

  15. Nuclear energy an asset for sustainable development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The energy issue is now a worldwide concern. It is showed that nuclear energy combined with renewable energies are the only efficient response to face the challenge of climate warming by cutting drastically the emission of greenhouse gases in the electricity production. The second asset of nuclear energy is to be able to meet the growing need for electric power of developing countries. Energy conservation is a good thing to do in western countries but it is far to be sufficient. The success of France's nuclear energy program has enabled the country to be independent from other countries concerning its electricity production, to produce electricity at moderate and stable costs even on the long term, and to develop nuclear industry operators that are world leaders. According to the 28 june 2006 bill that clarifies the management of radioactive wastes, the disposal of high-level radioactive wastes in deep geological layers, will be put into service in 2025. The law has let the possibility of recovering the waste containers during a certain period after their burial if new solutions will have emerged. In the context of an expected renaissance of nuclear energy, the EPR (European Pressurized Reactor) is a valuable offer that must be developed. The construction of an EPR unit on the Flamanville site is necessary to perfect its design. (A.C.)

  16. Heritage asset in Italian local governements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Farneti

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Culture has always been an important factor for economic development and local attractiveness in European regions and cities. In Italy, there are over 4,100 museums, 1,400 theatres, 11,400 libraries, 6,000 archaeological sites, 367 archaeological areas, 85,000 National Trust churches, and 40,000 historical residences, whose property, traditionally, is entrusted to public administration, and local entities in particular. For this reason it would be particularly interesting to analyze the Italian case in order to assess the political and institutional changes of the cultural public sector which have made it necessary to introduce governmental criteria and adopt methods and instrumentation marked by a logic of economic rationality in the governance of cultural heritage. The present contribution proposes a definition of the political-institutional context in which the Italian cultural “services” are allocated along with an interpretational scheme of analysis regarding the variables relevant to their governance. It also analyzes in depth the dimension of the cultural sector in Italy, in comparison with other European countries, and the effects of the present financial crisis on the amount of resources devoted to Italian local cultural assets.

  17. Asset ranking manager (ranking index of components)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Ranking Index of Components (RIC) is an Asset Reliability Manager (ARM), which itself is a Web Enabled front end where plant database information fields from several disparate databases are combined. That information is used to create a specific weighted number (Ranking Index) relating to that components health and risk to the site. The higher the number, the higher priority that any work associated with that component receives. ARM provides site Engineering, Maintenance and Work Control personnel with a composite real time - (current condition) look at the components 'risk of not working' to the plant. Information is extracted from the existing Computerized Maintenance management System (CMMS) and specific site applications and processed nightly. ARM helps to ensure that the most important work is placed into the workweeks and the non value added work is either deferred, frequency changed or deleted. This information is on the web, updated each night, and available for all employees to use. This effort assists the work management specialist when allocating limited resources to the most important work. The use of this tool has maximized resource usage, performing the most critical work with available resources. The ARM numbers are valued inputs into work scoping for the workweek managers. System and Component Engineers are using ARM to identify the components that are at 'risk of failure' and therefore should be placed into the appropriate work week schedule

  18. The asset pricing model of musharakah factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, Shahril; Omar, Mohd; Lazam, Norazliani Md

    2015-02-01

    The existing three-factor model developed by Fama and French for conventional investment was formulated based on risk-free rates element in which contradict with Shariah principles. We note that the underlying principles that govern Shariah investment were mutual risk and profit sharing between parties, the assurance of fairness for all and that transactions were based on an underlying asset. In addition, the three-factor model did not exclude stock that was not permissible by Shariah such as financial services based on riba (interest), gambling operator, manufacture or sale of non-halal products or related products and other activities deemed non-permissible according to Shariah. Our approach to construct the factor model for Shariah investment was based on the basic tenets of musharakah in tabulating the factors. We start by noting that Islamic stocks with similar characteristics should have similar returns and risks. This similarity between Islamic stocks was defined by the similarity of musharakah attributes such as business, management, profitability and capital. These attributes define factor exposures (or betas) to factors. The main takeaways were that musharakah attributes we chose had explain stock returns well in cross section and were significant in different market environments. The management factor seemed to be responsible for the general dynamics of the explanatory power.

  19. Strategies for sustaining current nuclear assets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Examination of today's United States 'big picture' electrical generation strategies, both economic and environmental, shows a common assumption - the current nuclear fleet will continue to operate successfully for at least 60 years. In accomplishing this current plants will provide significant quantities of low cost electricity to the public and are a fundamental established contributor to limiting the quantity of CO2 emitted to the environment in the production of electricity. Our industry should be honored by this confidence but should also recognize several challenges associated with fulfilling this trust. From an operating nuclear power plant perspective there are major challenges associated with both the physical plants as well as the staff who ensure their successful operation. This paper largely addresses the several issues related to the physical plants - material degradation issues, sustaining equipment reliability and addressing obsolescence/supply chain issues. Of the multiple 'people' aspects important to the future of nuclear power this paper focuses on the impact the changing workforce has on the ability to sustain high levels of equipment reliability and thus plant generation, economics. The importance of 'Total Asset Optimization Strategies' to addressing these issues will be described as well as several key operative elements. (author)

  20. Market competitiveness, intangible assets and efficiency in combination of fixed assets in companies listed on the BM&Fbovespa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geovanne Dias de Moura

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to analyze, among companies listed on BM&FBovespa, what is the relationship between market competitiveness, proportions of intangible assets and efficiency in combination of fixed assets. To this end, descriptive research and quantitative in a sample consisting of 268 companies, with data collected through the database Economática, for the period 2008 to 2010. In relation to the competitiveness of the market results showed there is monopoly in the economic sector, oil and gas, biofuel sectors oligopoly of industrial goods, financial and basic materials and a structure of perfect competition with slight increase of competitiveness over time in other sectors. As to the proportion of intangible assets generally amounted to 7% of the total assets of the companies in the year 2008, 9% in 2009 and 17% in the year 2010, with highlight to the public utility industries and information technology. In terms of efficiency in combination of fixed assets realized that the economic sector of information technology and oil, gas and biofuels were with companies that had the best combinations. The results of the 2008 to 2010 period have also shown that among companies listed on the BM&FBovespa sample, those in competitive environments (contingency factor had the largest proportion of intangible assets and the best combinations of investments and assets related to its intangible.

  1. "Total assets" versus "risk weighted assets": Does it matter for MREL requirements?

    OpenAIRE

    Hellwig, Martin

    2016-01-01

    The paper discusses the role of risk weighting in the determination of minimum requirements for eligible bail-in-able liabilities of banks (MREL), i.e. liabilities that are not exempt from the bail-in tool in bank resolution and that can be written down or converted into equity if losses on assets exceed the available equity and such bailing-in is required to re-establish bank solvency so as to provide a basis for maintaining systemically important operations in resolution. The paper begins w...

  2. NMFS Prioritization, Allocation & Scheduling System (NMFS Asset PASS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NMFS Asset PASS is a web-based enterprise application and ORACLE database that collects research platform requests. The first release initially focused on line...

  3. THE SECURITIZATION OF MORTGAGE ASSETS: PROBLEMS AND DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS

    OpenAIRE

    Moshkova, M.

    2010-01-01

    It is found especially the securitization of mortgage assets mechanism in the world, analyzed the development operations of securitization in case of developed countries, and identified the problems and prospects of development of securitization in domestic practice.

  4. Learning about rare disasters: implications for consumption and asset prices

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Gillman, Max; Kejak, Michal; Pakoš, Michal

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 19, č. 3 (2015), s. 1053-1104. ISSN 1572-3097 Institutional support: RVO:67985998 Keywords : rare diasasters * asset prices * consumption Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 2.012, year: 2014

  5. A Data Mining Approach to Modelling of Water Supply Assets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Babovic, V.; Drecourt, J.; Keijzer, M.;

    2002-01-01

    The economic and social costs associated with pipe bursts and associated leakage problems in modern water supply systems are rapidly rising to unacceptable high levels. Pipe burst risks depend on a number of factors which are extremely difficult to characterise. A part of the problem is that water...... supply assets are mainly situated underground, and therefore not visible and under the influence of various highly unpredictable forces. This paper proposes the use of advanced data mining methods in order to determine the risks of pipe bursts. For example, analysis of the database of already occurred...... with the choice of pipes to be replaced, the outlined approach opens completely new avenues in asset modelling. The condition of an asset such as a water supply network deteriorates with age. With reliable risk models, addressing the evolution of risk with aging asset, it is now possible to plan...

  6. A Theoretical Assessment on Optimal Asset Allocations in Insurance Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bilel Jarraya

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In recent years the financial markets known a rapid development and become more and more complex. So, many regulatory requirements, focused on banks as well as insurance sector, have been developed. These regulatory are concentrated essentially on business risk control and required capital to cover risks. These requirements have influenced the asset allocation issue in insurance industry. These requirements have influenced the asset allocation issue in insurance industry. This section is interested by this issue. In first time it highlights some research works in this issue. Then we will investigate the relation between Solvency and optimal asset allocation. Finally we will explore the principal used methods in modeling asset and in choosing the optimal portfolio composition.

  7. Portfolio Risk and Returns from Timber Asset Investments

    OpenAIRE

    Clair H. Redmond; Frederick W. Cubbage

    1988-01-01

    This paper evaluates the investment performance of Swedish timberland during the last three decades using the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM). Results suggests that Swedish timberland investments show diversification potential and can serve as a hedge ...

  8. Approaches to Improving Asset Structure Management in Commercial Banks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahsan Akbar

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The financial crises of 2008 and afterwards the European debt crisis made it clearer that the financial and macroeconomic conditions can change quickly. For that reason ensuring asset quality and profitability in response to the changing environment remains an important concern. This study considers the key problems in asset structure management and discusses several techniques outlined by managers and academicians to tackle these problems. The important problems of banks are the need to dynamically boost asset and liability structure, to make sure profitability of operations and to curtail risks. This can be done by jointly structuring asset and liability portfolios, using the gap technique for management of interest rate risk and increasing the range of profitable business operations. However these techniques should be coupled with efficient and sophisticated analysis of financial and economic indicators.

  9. Risk, Mispricing, and Asset Allocation: Conditioning on Dividend Yield

    OpenAIRE

    Jay Shanken; Ane Tamayo

    2001-01-01

    In the asset pricing literature, time-variation in market expected excess return captured by financial ratios like dividend yield is typically viewed as a reflection of either changing risk, related to the business cycle, or irrational mispricing. Extending the work on asset allocation and dividend yield by Kandel and Stambaugh (1996) to accommodate variation in risk as well as expected return, we develop Bayesian methods to examine the interaction between the data and an investor's initial b...

  10. Valuation Effects and the Dynamics of Net External Assets

    OpenAIRE

    Devereux, Michael B.; Alan Sutherland

    2009-01-01

    The traditional current account can be an inaccurate measure of the change in the net foreign asset (NFA) position. Using gross asset and liability positions at the country level, a number of 'valuation effects' have been identified which contribute to changes in NFA but do not enter the reported current account. This paper uses new developments in the analysis of portfolio allocation in general equilibrium to investigate valuation effects in a two-country model. The model can be used to anal...

  11. An overview of credit card asset-backed securities

    OpenAIRE

    Mark Furletti

    2002-01-01

    Summary: On Friday, October 25, 2002, the Payment Cards Center of the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia held a workshop that focused on credit card asset-backed securities. Mark Adelson, head of structured finance research at Nomura Securities International, led the workshop. A veteran analyst of the ABS market, Adelson has written numerous articles and special reports on securitization. During the workshop, Adelson explained the growth, pricing, and mechanics of credit card asset-backed s...

  12. Sovereign Asset Values and Implications for the Credit Market

    OpenAIRE

    Posch, Peter N.; Kalteier, Eva-Maria

    2013-01-01

    Using the contingent claim approach and market data on sovereign credit default swaps we assess the drivers of a country s risk perception. Deriving market-based asset values for a set of advanced economies we gain insights into the capital markets perspectives on sovereign creditworthiness. We find the market-based asset values to be positively influenced by debt and to be an early risk indicator for economic developments. In a cross-section analysis we identify drivers of the economic risk ...

  13. Asset Stocks and Sustained Competitive Advantage: A Comment

    OpenAIRE

    Jay B. Barney

    1989-01-01

    In their paper, Dierickx and Cool suggest that the strategic factor markets model developed in Barney (Barney, J. B. 1986a. Strategic factor markets: Expectations, luck, and business strategy. Management Sci. (October) 1231--1241.) cannot be applied in the analysis of sustained competitive advantages due to asset stocks accumulated over time. In this comment, it is shown that the discussion of asset stocks extends and complements, rather than limits, the strategic factor markets model. This i...

  14. ACCOUNTING ASPECTS OF THE ACQUISITION OF TANGIBLE ASSETS THROUGH LEASING

    OpenAIRE

    Ionela Cornelia Stanciu; Nicolae Todea

    2008-01-01

    The present paper approaches problems on lease operations. A lease isan agreement whereby the lessor conveys to the lessee in return for a payment orseries of payments the right to use an asset for an agreed period of time. A financelease is a lease that transfers substantially all the risks and rewards incident toownership of an asset. Title may or may not eventually be transferred. A leaseclassified as an operating lease if it does not transfer substantially all risks andrewards to ownershi...

  15. Do commodities offer diversification benefits in multi-asset portfolios?

    OpenAIRE

    Hansen-Tangen, Nicoline Heier; Overaae, Mats

    2015-01-01

    During the last decade commodities have increased in popularity as an alternative asset class. Previous research reports the diversification benefits when adding individual commodity indices or futures to a traditional portfolio of stocks and bonds, due to low correlation to traditional asset classes. Hence, a major motive of commodity investments is to increase the performance of the portfolio. More recent research report that commodities have been financialized and that the benefits of addi...

  16. The Rate of Return on Savings and Loan Assets

    OpenAIRE

    Cebula, Richard

    1996-01-01

    Using Co-integration Tests, Granger-Causality Tests, and OLS, this study empirically investigates the determinants of the rate of return on savings and loan assets over the 1965-1991 period. It is found that it is determined by the mortgage rate, the capital/asset ratio, the price of imported crude oil, the cost of deposits, and the ceiling on federal deposit insurance.

  17. Equilibrium Investment and Asset Prices under Imperfect Corporate Control

    OpenAIRE

    James Dow; Gary Gorton; Arvind Krishnamurthy

    2005-01-01

    We integrate a widely accepted version of the separation of ownership and control—Michael Jensen's (1986) free cash flow theory—into a dynamic equilibrium model, and study the effect of imperfect corporate control on asset prices and investment. Aggregate free cash flow of the corporate sector is an important state variable in explaining asset prices, investment, and the cyclical behavior of interest rates and the yield curve. The financial friction causes cash-flow shocks to affect investmen...

  18. Treating research and development as a capital asset

    OpenAIRE

    Emma Edworthy; Gavin Wallis

    2007-01-01

    Presents work undertaken and some estimates of the productivity impact of R&D on business sector firms.Treating research and development as an asset requires a number of important steps. The first step is to determine the components of research and developmentexpenditure to be included as investment and then to translate those expenditure components into a National Accounts compatible format. The second step isthe construction of appropriate deflators for research and development assets. The ...

  19. uling Elites' Rotation and Asset Ownership: Implications for Property Rights

    OpenAIRE

    Leonid Polishchuk; Georgiy Syunyaev

    2014-01-01

    We provide a theory and empirical evidence indicating that the rotation of ruling elites in conjunction with elites’ asset ownership could improve property rights protection in non-democracies. The mechanism that upholds property rights is based on elites’ concern about the security of their own asset ownership in the event they lose power. Such incentives provide a solution to the credible commitment problem in maintaining secure property rights when institutional restrictions on expropriati...

  20. Supplier asset allocation in a pool-based electricity market

    OpenAIRE

    Zhong, J.; Ni, Y; Feng, D.; Gan, D

    2007-01-01

    A power supplier in a pool-based market needs to allocate his generation capacities to participate in contract and spot markets. In this paper, the optimal portfolio selection theory is introduced for this purpose. A model applying this theory is proposed to solve the supplier asset allocation problem. Real market data are used in a numerical study to test the proposed model. The results show that different asset allocation solutions can yield very different risk-return tradeoffs for a suppli...

  1. Strategic CSR Assets within SMEs: A Comparative Case Study

    OpenAIRE

    Elise Bonneveux; Isabelle Calmé; Richard Soparnot

    2012-01-01

    This article aims to show the extent to which strategic organizational resources and assets may determine the type of CSR strategy deployed in SMEs. It is based on the Resource Based View (RBV) approach that allows the authors to propose a theoretical grid to analyse CSR commitment considering the assets mobilized. We have conducted interviews with two SME chief executives with a view to assessing their perception of both internal and external challenges involved in corporate responsibility p...

  2. Improvement of global performance measures related to intangible assets

    OpenAIRE

    Rodgers, Waymond; Housel, Thomas J.

    2006-01-01

    Global reporting practices will eventually change as the dominance of intangible assets is increasingly dominating organizations most valuable commodities. Yet, the general consensus seems to be that before any real progress can be made in the area of converging performance measures with financial information, the international standard setters need more active participation regarding the depiction of intangible assets metrics. This research article suggests that knowledge valu...

  3. Commercial Building Energy Asset Rating Program -- Market Research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCabe, Molly J.; Wang, Na

    2012-04-19

    Under contract to Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, HaydenTanner, LLC conducted an in-depth analysis of the potential market value of a commercial building energy asset rating program for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The market research objectives were to: (1) Evaluate market interest and need for a program and tool to offer asset rating and rapidly identify potential energy efficiency measures for the commercial building sector. (2) Identify key input variables and asset rating outputs that would facilitate increased investment in energy efficiency. (3) Assess best practices and lessons learned from existing national and international energy rating programs. (4) Identify core messaging to motivate owners, investors, financiers, and others in the real estate sector to adopt a voluntary asset rating program and, as a consequence, deploy high-performance strategies and technologies across new and existing buildings. (5) Identify leverage factors and incentives that facilitate increased investment in these buildings. To meet these objectives, work consisted of a review of the relevant literature, examination of existing and emergent asset and operational rating systems, interviews with industry stakeholders, and an evaluation of the value implication of an asset label on asset valuation. This report documents the analysis methodology and findings, conclusion, and recommendations. Its intent is to support and inform the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy on the market need and potential value impacts of an asset labeling and diagnostic tool to encourage high-performance new buildings and building efficiency retrofit projects.

  4. Optimal Asset Allocation for Sovereign Wealth Funds: Theory and Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Zvi Bodie; Marie Brière

    2014-01-01

    This paper addresses management of sovereign wealth from the perspective of the theory of contingent claims.Starting with the sovereign’s balance sheet, we frame sovereign fund management as an asset-liability management (ALM) problem, covering all public entities and taking explicit account of all sources of risks affecting government resources and expenditures. Real-life SWFs asset allocations differ strongly from theoretical ones. Financial management of the sovereign balance sheet is hamp...

  5. Liquidity and asset prices: how strong are the linkages?

    OpenAIRE

    Dreger, Christian; Wolters, Jürgen

    2009-01-01

    The appropriate design of monetary policy in integrated financial markets is one of the most challenging areas for central banks. One hot topic is whether the increase in liquidity has contributed to the formation of price bubbles in asset markets in the years preceding the financial crisis. If linkages are strong, the inclusion of asset prices in the monetary policy rule may limit speculative runs and negative spillovers to the real economy in the future. To examine the impacts of liquidity ...

  6. Size Value and Asset Quality Premium in European Banking Stocks

    OpenAIRE

    Mirza, Nawazish; Alexandre, Herve

    2010-01-01

    Banking firms exhibit unique business and financial dynamics that are priced in their stock returns. This paper compares traditional empirical asset pricing models on portfolio of banking firms from fourteen European countries and proposes a banking specific risk factor. We compared a single factor CAPM with three factors Fama and French model on exchange rate adjusted returns and found substantial support for firm specific factors of size and value. We propose that asset quality premium (pro...

  7. The allocation of property rights to intangible cultural assets

    OpenAIRE

    Lechner, Sebastian; Gubaydullina, Zulia; Bizer, Kilian

    2008-01-01

    This paper provides an economic justification for the protection of cultural property rights of indigenous groups. Cultural property either in the form of traditional knowledge or folklore carries the potential to increase wealth by adding to the knowledge base of an economy. But in order to ensure efficient use of cultural assets, the law should provide protection from overexploitation which is likely to occur as cultural assets can be characterized as a common pool resource. In contrast to ...

  8. Monetary policy and asset prices : the investment channel

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandre, Fernando; Bação, Pedro

    2005-01-01

    The role of monetary policy during periods of asset price volatility has been the subject of discussion among economists and policymakers at least since the 1920s and the Great Depression that followed. In this paper we survey the recent and rapidly growing literature on this topic, with an emphasis on the investment channel. We present a detailed discussion of the hypotheses that have been used to justify, or criticise, a response to asset prices. These hypotheses concern impe...

  9. Liquidity risk and asset pricing in the housing market

    OpenAIRE

    Zheng, Xian; 郑贤

    2013-01-01

    The role of liquidity in asset pricing model has attracted much attention in recent financial studies; however there is a paucity of literature with respect to liquidity risk and asset pricing in the direct housing market. The housing market is characterized by costly searching, inelastic supply and short-sale constraints. It is expected that the housing market should incur more significant illiquid effects, since it is much more illiquid than stock market. Motivated by this intuition, this t...

  10. Asset-Centred Redistributive Policies for Sustainable Development

    OpenAIRE

    Kohler, Pierre

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this discussion paper is to propose an asset-centred analytical framework for (i) mapping the most important redistributive policy tools that shape the distribution of income and income-generating assets (such as human capital and wealth, including land, industrial or financial capital) across individuals as well as between the private and the public sector and (ii) outlining key linkages between redistributive policies, equity and sustainable development by looking at how th...

  11. Open-Market Operations, Asset Distributions, and Endogenous Market Segmentation

    OpenAIRE

    Mahmoudi, Babak

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigates the long-run effects of open-market operations on the distributions of assets and prices in the economy. It offers a theoretical framework to incorporate multiple asset holdings in a tractable heterogeneous-agent model, in which the central bank implements policies by changing the supply of nominal bond and money. This model features competitive search, which produces distributions of money and bond holdings as well as price dispersion among submarkets. At a high enoug...

  12. Dynamic Scenario Modelling in Electricity Distribution System Asset Management

    OpenAIRE

    Palola, Jussi

    2014-01-01

    The life of individuals, societal welfare and global economics are deeply interconnected with power systems in a multidimensional manner. A change in one entity affects the whole system. This thesis is a research journey from electrical distribution systems to global economics, and finally to power transformer unit asset management. The objective is to investigate dynamic scenario modelling in power system asset management and apply it to a distribution system operator’s power transformer fle...

  13. Tactical Assets Allocation: Evidence from the Nigerian Banking Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Adedoyin Isola Lawal

    2014-01-01

    The core of portfolio selection theory centers on striking a balance between risk-return trade-off of a given investment layout so as to maximize benefits. Literature reveals that portfolio selection or asset allocation problems often involve the use of mathematical programming in propounding solution. This paper uses a blend of simultaneous equation and graphical approach to linear programming algorithm to help solve investors‘ problem in allocating assets among various alternatives when fac...

  14. Informational Asymmetries in Laboratory Asset Markets with State Dependent Fundamentals

    OpenAIRE

    Keser, Claudia; Markstädter, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the formation of market prices in a new experimental setting involving multi-period asset markets with state-dependent fundamentals. We are particularly interested in two informational aspects: (1) the role of traders who are informed about the true state and (2) the provision of Bayesian updates of the assets state-dependent fundamental value (BFVs) to all traders. We find that bubbles are a rare phenomenon in all our treatments. Markets with asymmetrically informed traders co...

  15. Failure Monitoring and Asset Condition Assessment in Water Supply Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Misiunas, Dalius

    2005-01-01

    In this thesis, different aspects of failure management in urban water supply systems are discussed. As assets are getting older, the number of pipe failures is increasing and an efficient failure management strategy becomes important. Two types of failure management strategies can be applied: proactive asset condition assessment and reactive failure detection and location. Currently available condition assessment techniques cannot be extensively applied in water supply systems due to high co...

  16. The Effects of Liquidity Regulation on Bank Assets and Liabilities

    OpenAIRE

    Duijm, Patty; Wierts, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Under Basel III rules, banks become subject to a liquidity coverage ratio (LCR) from 2015 onwards, to promote short-term resilience. We investigate the effects of such liquidity regulation on bank liquid assets and liabilities. Results indicate co-integration of liquid assets and liabilities, to maintain a minimum short-term liquidity buffer. Still, microprudential regulation has not prevented an aggregate liquidity cycle characterised by a pro-cyclical pattern in the size of balance sheets a...

  17. Essays in Financial Econometrics, Asset Pricing and Corporate Finance

    OpenAIRE

    Pelger, Markus

    2015-01-01

    My dissertation explores how tail risk and systematic risk affects various aspects of risk management and asset pricing. My research contributions are in econometric and statistical theory, in finance theory and empirical data analysis. In Chapter 1 I develop the statistical inferential theory for high-frequency factor modeling. In Chapter 2 I apply these methods in an extensive empirical study. In Chapter 3 I analyze the effect of jumps on asset pricing in arbitrage-free markets. Chapter 4 d...

  18. Life-Cycle Portfolio choice with Liquid and Illiquid Assets

    OpenAIRE

    CAMPANALE, Claudio; Fugazza, Carolina; Gomes, Francisco J.

    2015-01-01

    Traditionally, quantitative models that have studied households' portfolio choices have focused exclusively on the different risk properties of alternative financial assets. We introduce differences in liquidity across assets in the standard life-cycle model of portfolio choice. More precisely, in our model, stocks are subject to transaction costs, as considered in recent macro literature. We show that, when these costs are calibrated to match the observed infrequency of households' trading, ...

  19. Asset Pricing When Risk Sharing is Limited by Default

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Alvarez; Urban J. Jermann

    2010-01-01

    We study the asset pricing implications of a multi-agent endowment economy where agents can default on contracts that would leave them otherwise worse off. We specialize and extend the environment studied by Kocherlakota (1995) and Kehoe and Levine (1993) to make it comparable to standard studies of asset pricing. We make contributions along two fronts. First, we extend the characterization of efficient allocations. Second, we present an equilibrium concept with complete markets and with endo...

  20. DOE Asset Revitalization: Sustainability and Waste Management Aspects - 12120

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In February 2011 Secretary of Energy Steven Chu established a Task Force on Asset Revitalization to facilitate a discussion among the Department of Energy (DOE), communities around DOE sites, non-profits, tribal governments, the private sector, and other stakeholders to identify reuse approaches as environmental cleanup efforts at DOE sites reach completion. The Task Force was charged with exploring opportunities to reuse DOE site assets for beneficial purposes and making recommendations to the Under Secretaries of Energy, Science, and Nuclear Security on the formation of an Asset Revitalization Initiative (ARI). The ARI is a Department-wide effort to advance the beneficial reuse of the DOE's unique and diverse mix of assets including land, facilities, infrastructure, equipment, technologies, natural resources, and a highly skilled workforce. The ARI will encourage collaboration between the public and private sectors in order to achieve energy and environmental goals as well as to stimulate and diversify regional economies. The recommendations of the ARI Task Force are summarized below, focusing on the sustainability and waste management aspects. DOE's ongoing completion of cleanup efforts and modernization efforts is creating opportunities to transition under-used or excess assets to future beneficial use. The FY 2011 DOE ARI Task Force determined that DOE's assets could be reused for beneficial purposes such as clean energy production, industrial manufacturing, recreational and conversation use, and other economic development initiatives. Asset revitalization has the potential to both help achieve DOE's energy and environmental goals and diversify regional economies where the sites are located, including providing the support needed to implement large-scale projects that achieve green sustainability goals. Asset revitalization efforts could be accelerated by effectively incorporating future use plans into environmental management and remediation efforts. (authors)

  1. The Capital Asset Pricing Model: A Review Of The Issues

    OpenAIRE

    Harissis, H.

    2000-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to review the literature relating to the theoretical basis of the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM). The derivation of the CAPM is presented, followed by the empirical tests of it. There exists some further research however which is also presented, that criticize the CAPM, since it has often been challenged by statistical studies that fail to verify the validity of the model, as an adequate description of the way assets are priced.

  2. Examining macroeconomic models through the lens of asset pricing

    OpenAIRE

    Borovička, Jaroslav; Hansen, Lars Peter

    2012-01-01

    Dynamic stochastic equilibrium models of the macro economy are designed to match the macro time series including impulse response functions. Since these models aim to be structural, they also have implications for asset pricing. To assess these implications, we explore asset pricing counterparts to impulse response functions. We use the resulting dynamic value decomposition (DVD) methods to quantify the exposures of macroeconomic cash flows to shocks over alternative investment horizons and t...

  3. Digital Options and Efficiency in Experimental Asset Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Palan, Stefan

    2010-01-01

    In asset markets, extraordinary price run-ups (bubbles) followed by crashes back to levels closer to fundamental values have been shown to adversely affect the real economy, leading to inefficient resource allocation and underinvestment. Conversely, derivative markets contribute to price discovery and lead to informationally more efficient prices in the market for the underlying asset. We combine these observations and test experimentally whether digital options - a type of derivative that ha...

  4. Family Assets and Liabilities in the Innovation Process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bennedsen, Morten; Foss, Nicolai Juul

    2015-01-01

    Innovation in family firms is often driven by family assets, valuable resources that are particularly prevalent in family firms. For example, they have particularly strong networks that can be deployed in an innovation context. These family assets can over time atrophy and stifle rather than...... stimulate innovation performance. However, family firms can fight this process by institutionalizing innovation within the family and the firm by means of family and corporate governance and through incentivizing key individuals in the innovation process....

  5. The 1998 annual: Focusing on asset quality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Operational and financial activities of Newport Petroleum Corporation during fiscal year 1998 are reviewed. Despite the low oil prices, and the consequent reduction in industry activity and financial results, the Company continued to focus on high quality assets. The Company improved its proved and probable reserves by 21.3 million barrels of oil equivalent, increasing its reserve life index to over 10 years. Reserve addition costs in 1998 were a competitive $ 7.08 per barrel of oil equivalent. The Company produced more than 20,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day, generating revenue of $ 141 million. The Company acquired an interest in the Caroline Gas Unit for $ 165 million late in 1998 and experienced success with the drilling of two wells. At year end, reserves of approx. 575 bcf of raw gas in place were attributed to this area. New light oil discoveries were made in the Rigel area of northern British Columbia and the Shiningbank area of west-central Alberta. Both properties have significant development potential. While share price performance was essentially flat for the year, the target remains to add value on a per share basis over the long term. The outlook for natural gas appears to be positive, with markets expected to be robust with prices tracking supply/demand fundamentals. The completion of additional pipeline capacity from Alberta into U.S. markets has resulted in a lowering of the differential to U.S. prices, and as a result, it appears that pricing in western Canada will improve in the next several years. Although the outlook for oil prices remains uncertain, with recent OPEC commitments to curtail volumes, there is reason for cautious optimism. Overall, the Company is confident that it has the financial strength to not only weather an extended period of oil price weakness, but to continue to expand its activity levels and prosper

  6. Extracting strategic value from nuclear assets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over the past 40 yr, nuclear power has played an increasingly important role as a provider of the electric generation capacity in the US. As expanding technologies and innovative business processes continue to provide for economic growth and development, electricity will grow as a progressively larger share of total energy consumption on both a national and global scale. However, restructuring and deregulation continue to shape the electric utility industry and provide testing platforms for those competitive technologies in power generation. It is important that the nuclear option be closely examined and the appropriate strategies be developed for maintaining and improving the utilization of this valuable resource during this very demanding period of industry transition. The articulation and execution of viable strategies are crucial when considering that (a) 40% of existing nuclear capacity will retire within the next 15 yr and (b) 25% of the current nuclear work force will retire within the next 10 yr. Therefore, nuclear power must be able to identify and extract the strategic values of its intrinsic characteristics and core benefits to continue as an important commodity supplier in this energy marketplace. The authors examine the current competitive energy marketplace and explore the necessary business elements that both executive management and senior technical officers must consider when developing strategies and initiatives for rationalizing and optimizing nuclear assets. Costs alone are not the sole measure of whether nuclear will be operationally competitive in this new marketplace. The key elements and issues of nuclear generation are evaluated in three categories: industry environment, market responses, and strategic options and initiatives. The first two areas are covered in a cursory fashion, enabling the opportunity to develop the last item (options and initiatives) in the context of the activities and expectations of the external marketplace

  7. 12 CFR 955.6 - Risk-based capital requirement for acquired member assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Risk-based capital requirement for acquired... ASSETS AND OFF-BALANCE SHEET ITEMS ACQUIRED MEMBER ASSETS § 955.6 Risk-based capital requirement for... times a factor associated with the putative credit rating of the assets or pools of assets as...

  8. 29 CFR 4281.17 - Asset valuation methods-in general.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Asset valuation methods-in general. 4281.17 Section 4281.17... MASS WITHDRAWAL Valuation of Plan Benefits and Plan Assets § 4281.17 Asset valuation methods—in general. (a) General rule. The plan sponsor shall value plan assets as of the valuation date, using...

  9. 31 CFR 515.522 - U.S. assets of certain Cuban decedents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false U.S. assets of certain Cuban... (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUBAN ASSETS CONTROL REGULATIONS Licenses, Authorizations, and Statements of Licensing Policy § 515.522 U.S. assets of certain...

  10. 26 CFR 25.2523(c)-1 - Interest in unidentified assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Interest in unidentified assets. 25.2523(c)-1... unidentified assets. (a) Section 2523(c) provides that if an interest passing to a donee spouse may be satisfied out of a group of assets (or their proceeds) which include a particular asset that would be...

  11. 31 CFR 515.521 - U.S. assets of certain Cuban corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false U.S. assets of certain Cuban... (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUBAN ASSETS CONTROL REGULATIONS Licenses, Authorizations, and Statements of Licensing Policy § 515.521 U.S. assets of certain...

  12. Problematika dlouhodobého majetku/ Selected Issues of Fixed Assets

    OpenAIRE

    Říhová, Zuzana

    2009-01-01

    Bachelor's thesis focuses on tangible and intangible fixed assets. It describes the characteristics and distribution of fixed assets both from accounting and tax perspective, acquisition, valuation, technical assessment, tax and accounting depreciation, disposals of assets. Bachelor's thesis also contains practical examples of the accounting of assets acquisition and its disposal, the calculations accounting and tax depreciation.

  13. 76 FR 60130 - Unblocking of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons Pursuant to the Cuban Assets...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-28

    ... Office of Foreign Assets Control Unblocking of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons Pursuant to the Cuban Assets Control Regulations AGENCY: Office of Foreign Assets Control, Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control (``OFAC'') is publishing...

  14. 16 CFR 801.11 - Annual net sales and total assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Annual net sales and total assets. 801.11... sales and total assets. (a) The annual net sales and total assets of a person shall include all net sales and all assets held, whether foreign or domestic, except as provided in paragraphs (d) and (e)...

  15. 17 CFR 210.6-09 - Statements of changes in net assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... assets. 210.6-09 Section 210.6-09 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION... Companies § 210.6-09 Statements of changes in net assets. Statements of changes in net assets filed for... income taxes applicable to such amounts; and (d) net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting...

  16. 31 CFR 500.568 - U.S. assets of blocked decedents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false U.S. assets of blocked decedents. 500...) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL REGULATIONS Licenses, Authorizations and Statements of Licensing Policy § 500.568 U.S. assets of blocked decedents. (a)...

  17. 26 CFR 20.2056(b)-2 - Marital deduction; interest in unidentified assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... assets. 20.2056(b)-2 Section 20.2056(b)-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... Taxable Estate § 20.2056(b)-2 Marital deduction; interest in unidentified assets. (a) In general. Section... of assets (or their proceeds) which include a particular asset that would be a nondeductible...

  18. 75 FR 12000 - Unblocking of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons Pursuant to the Cuban Assets...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-12

    ... Office of Foreign Assets Control Unblocking of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons Pursuant to the Cuban Assets Control Regulations AGENCY: Office of Foreign Assets Control, Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control (``OFAC'') is publishing...

  19. Market competitiveness, intangible assets and efficiency in combination of fixed assets in companies listed on the BM&Fbovespa

    OpenAIRE

    Geovanne Dias de Moura; Daniela Viana Mecking; Jorge Eduardo Scarpin

    2013-01-01

    The study aimed to analyze, among companies listed on BM&FBovespa, what is the relationship between market competitiveness, proportions of intangible assets and efficiency in combination of fixed assets. To this end, descriptive research and quantitative in a sample consisting of 268 companies, with data collected through the database Economática, for the period 2008 to 2010. In relation to the competitiveness of the market results showed there is monopoly in the economic sector, oil and gas,...

  20. Review of UK participation in ASSET activities 1995/96 for the annual workshop on ASSET experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the restructuring of the Nuclear Generation Industry in the UK over the last 12 months it has been difficult to provide support to international activities including ASSET. This is likely to continue for a further 12 months whilst consolidation of the privatised part of the industry takes place and Magnox Electric plc is merged with British Nuclear Fuels Ltd. Having made that statement I would confirm that the UK is fully supportive of the ASSET methodology and will continue to be a participant in as many ASSET activities as possible. It was noted that during 1995 ASSET completed its 100th mission and the UK would like to congratulate the staff in the IAEA on this achievement. Discussions are at present ongoing within Magnox Electric plc, regarding the possibility of hosting an ASSET Peer Review mission, at one of the UK's Magnox plants, in 1997/98. During the 1995/96 period the UK participated in a number of ASSET activities as detailed below

  1. Radioactive waste today - an asset tomorrow

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holmstrand, M. [Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority (Norway)

    2014-07-01

    possibility that extracted thorium could be stored in the form of thorium oxide and later used as fuel in nuclear power plants. If this is feasible, then today's radioactive waste could be tomorrow's asset. Document available in abstract form only. (authors)

  2. Radioactive waste today - an asset tomorrow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    extracted thorium could be stored in the form of thorium oxide and later used as fuel in nuclear power plants. If this is feasible, then today's radioactive waste could be tomorrow's asset. Document available in abstract form only. (authors)

  3. Empirical investigation of nonlinear asset pricing kernel with human capital and housing wealth

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Qing Mei

    2011-01-01

    In a traditional framework, asset returns are captured by simple linear asset pricing models. They include Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) and Fama-French threefactor model. However, the empirical study shows that the asset returns are fat tailed, that cannot be accurately predicted by normal distribution. Kurtosis and skewness should be considered when pricing those non-normal assets. Various literatures can be found focused on this topic. Bansal and Viswanathan (1993) and Chapman (199...

  4. Should All Capital Goods of Governments be Recognised as Assets in Financial Accounting?

    OpenAIRE

    Christiaens, J.; J. ROMMEL; Barton, A; P. EVERAERT

    2008-01-01

    Although accrual accounting has become increasingly more popular in many governments over recent years, some issues remain unresolved. Previous literature questioned whether non-business-like governmental assets can be adequately capitalized. Whereas these studies mostly focussed on specific types of assets, such as infrastructure, military assets or heritage assets, this paper expands these views by taking a holistic approach to their treatment. Because such specific types of assets share fu...

  5. Cost approach of health care entity intangible asset valuation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reilly, Robert F

    2012-01-01

    In the valuation synthesis and conclusion process, the analyst should consider the following question: Does the selected valuation approach(es) and method(s) accomplish the analyst's assignment? Also, does the selected valuation approach and method actually quantify the desired objective of the intangible asset analysis? The analyst should also consider if the selected valuation approach and method analyzes the appropriate bundle of legal rights. The analyst should consider if there were sufficient empirical data available to perform the selected valuation approach and method. The valuation synthesis should consider if there were sufficient data available to make the analyst comfortable with the value conclusion. The valuation analyst should consider if the selected approach and method will be understandable to the intended audience. In the valuation synthesis and conclusion, the analyst should also consider which approaches and methods deserve the greatest consideration with respect to the intangible asset's RUL. The intangible asset RUL is a consideration of each valuation approach. In the income approach, the RUL may affect the projection period for the intangible asset income subject to either yield capitalization or direct capitalization. In the cost approach, the RUL may affect the total amount of obsolescence, if any, from the estimate cost measure (that is, the intangible reproduction cost new or replacement cost new). In the market approach, the RUL may effect the selection, rejection, and/or adjustment of the comparable or guideline intangible asset sale and license transactional data. The experienced valuation analyst will use professional judgment to weight the various value indications to conclude a final intangible asset value, based on: The analyst's confidence in the quantity and quality of available data; The analyst's level of due diligence performed on that data; The relevance of the valuation method to the intangible asset life cycle stage and

  6. THE PATTERNS OF THE INVESTMENT IN INTANGIBLE ASSETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilona Bartuševičienė

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose– Scientific studies have concluded that investments in intangible assets increase future output and consumption for the entire economy the key point again is whether an increase in intangibles yields returns at some point in the future in the form of higher production efficiency, improved product quality and effectiveness. The challenge relies around the uncertainty of what are the components of intangible assets that should have more attention regarding the size of the investment. Various economies use different approaches to assess their investment strategies, therefore the purpose of this article is to explore the investment in intangible assets patterns in OECD countries as well as Baltic States. Design/methodology/approach – Scientific literature review, comparative and statistical data analysis. Findings – According to the statistics department of Lithuania, investment in Research and Development as a share of Gross Domestic Product in Lithuania has increased starting 0,79 perc. back in 2006 up to 0,9 perc. in 2012. Konstatinos et all (2013 defended, that the size of the investment in R&D is not enough to get a grasp of the intangible asset essence and impact in the economy. Corado (2012 has adopted a model to assess the intangible investment potential valuation in Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development countries, where intangible assets are classified based on three categories: computerized information, intellectual property and economic competencies. The objective of this paper is to explore whether it is possible to apply adopted Corrado model in Lithuania. Research limitations/implications – Statistics department of Lithuania measures the percentage of investment in Research and Development as a share of Gross Domestic Product. This indicator alone should not be used to identify the investment level in intangible assets in Lithuania, therefore adopted model, which includes various indicators, should be

  7. CAN ASSET REVALUATION BE MANIPULATIVE? - A CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crisan Sorana Adina

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Asset revaluation can trigger different signals to investors depending upon company type, asset intensity and category and investors’ expectations. In the same time, motivations behind asset revaluation decisions are diverse, being influenced by management incentives, credit covenants, faithful representation and various other reasons. In many cases the revaluation decision is imposed upon the company by auditors or the need to reduce information asymmetry. In Romania, one of the main decision drivers is the Fiscal Code, due to buildings taxation provisions. For companies that revaluate their fixed assets for taxation purposes only (which is the case for most small companies in Romania, the primary concern is to reduce the fiscal impact – the preferred scenario in this case is most likely to be the one that reduces tax expenses. Our research aims to provide a full picture of the motivations behind the revaluation decision and point to the manipulation instruments made available to companies by the allowed alternatives in what regards (1 which assets to be revalued and (2 how to recalculate book values. By means of a case study we identify the options available to a revaluating company and show how each one can impact the financial statements and financial ratios, thus influencing financial statement users’ perception. Our analysis is limited to fixed assets revaluation, as these are the ones revaluated by most Romanian companies. The comparative analysis shows that the decision to not revaluate certain assets categories can lead to serious distortions of the faithful image. Financial ratios can be significantly impacted by the type of assets revalued, depending upon the revaluation direction (upward or downward and the revaluation differences. In upward revaluation leverage ratios and solvency can improve, leading to a better position in relation to credit covenants. Equity is also positively affected. Alternatively, a decrease of assets

  8. Intellectual Capital and Intangible Assets Analysis and Valuation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Anghel

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Today the intellectual capital is a key factor in company’s profitability. Two major forces have driven the high performance workplace over the past two decades: globalization and increasing in technological changes. In this environment, the intellectual capital and intangible assets is fundamental to success. In the new economic competition, knowledge assets provide a sustainable competitive advantage. The measurement is fundamental to support management decision in allocation investment and investor’s decision regarding the value versus price. In our research we consider a group of Romanian listed companies on Bucharest Stock Exchange and analyze the importance of intangible value into the total market value of the equity. From accounting point of view the importance of intangible assets is very low but from the market evidence was indicated 47% importance of intangible value in total market value for the Romanian listed companies.

  9. RFID Application of Smart Grid for Asset Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiwei Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available RFID technology research has resolved practical application issues of the power industry such as assets management, working environment control, and vehicle networking. Also it provides technical reserves for the convergence of ERP and CPS. With the development of RFID and location-based services technology, RFID is converging with a variety of sensing, communication, and information technologies. Indoor positioning applications are under rapid development. Micromanagement environment of the assets is a useful practice for the RFID and positioning. In this paper, the model for RFID applications has been analyzed in the microenvironment management of the data center and electric vehicle batteries, and the optimization scheme of enterprise asset management is also proposed.

  10. 10th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management

    CERN Document Server

    Kortelainen, Helena; Aaltonen, Jussi; Uusitalo, Teuvo; Komonen, Kari; Mathew, Joseph; Laitinen, Jouko

    2016-01-01

    This book comprises refereed papers from the 10th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management (WCEAM 2015), held in Tampere, Finland in September 2015. These proceedings include a compilation of state-of-the-art papers covering a comprehensive range of subjects equally relevant to business managers and engineering professionals alike. With a focus on various aspects of engineering asset management ranging from strategic level issues to detail-level machine health issues, these papers address both industry and public sector concerns and issues, as well as advanced academic research. Proceedings of the WCEAM 2015 is an excellent reference and resource for asset management practitioners, researchers and academics, as well as undergraduate and postgraduate students at tertiary institutions or in the industry.

  11. REVALUATION OF TANGIBLE ASSETS FROM ACCOUNTING AND FISCAL PERSPECTIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARIANA GURAU

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Acknowledged by the accounting regulations conform to the European directives inside the alternative assessment norms, the revaluation of tangible assets is also accepted by the International Accounting Standards as an allowed alternative treatment. As there is a real interaction between accountancy and taxation, the present study aims to analyze the fiscal vision on the revaluation, the manner in which the above mentioned accepts the revaluation of tangible assets. It is a known fact that the accounting information is used by the taxation as an object and a support in order to determine and to settle the assessments, the taxes and the contributions. Still, the taxation authority reserves the rights to punctually impose some financial treatments distinct to the accounting rules. This also happens with the revaluation of tangible assets, and this is exactly what we emphasize in the present paper.

  12. An Empirical Testing of Capital Asset Pricing Model in Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mostafizur Rahman

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM provides an equilibrium linear relationship between expected return and risk of an asset. The purpose of this study is to investigate the risk-return relationship within the CAPM framework. The study also aims at exploring whether CAPM is a good indicator of asset pricing in Bangladesh. For this the period 1999-2003 have been considered. Fama-French (1992 methodology on five variables-Stock market return, Beta, Book to market value, Size (Market capitalization and Size 1 (Sales are used to test this model. In this study the findings on the CAPM we have shown that the variables we have taken have significant relationship with stock return is still too alive on this ground.

  13. Variable capacity utilization, ambient temperature shocks and generation asset valuation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper discusses generation asset valuation in a framework where capital utilization decisions are endogenous. We use real options approach for valuation of natural gas fueled turbines. Capital utilization choices that we explore include turning on/off the unit, operating the unit at increased firing temperatures (overfiring), and conducting preventive maintenance. Overfiring provides capacity enhancement which comes at the expense of reduced maintenance interval and increased costs of part replacement. We consider the costs and benefits of overfiring in attempt to maximize the asset value by optimally exercising the overfire option. In addition to stochastic processes governing prices, we incorporate an exogenous productivity shock: ambient temperature. We consider how variation in ambient temperature affects the asset value through its effect on gas turbine's productivity. (author)

  14. Variable capacity utilization, ambient temperature shocks and generation asset valuation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper discusses generation asset valuation in a framework where capital utilization decisions are endogenous. We use real options approach for valuation of natural gas fueled turbines. Capital utilization choices that we explore include turning on/off the unit, operating the unit at increased firing temperatures (overfiring), and conducting preventive maintenance. Overfiring provides capacity enhancement which comes at the expense of reduced maintenance interval and increased costs of part replacement. We consider the costs and benefits of overfiring in attempt to maximize the asset value by optimally exercising the overfire option. In addition to stochastic processes governing prices, we incorporate an exogenous productivity shock: ambient temperature. We consider how variation in ambient temperature affects the asset value through its effect on gas turbine's productivity.

  15. Optimizing the Banking Activity Using Assets & Liabilities Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasile Dedu

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available In the actual study, starting from the international experience, we revealed the role that should be taken by the Assets and Liabilities Committee (ALCO within the Romanian commercial banks. ALCO became one of the tools used by the executive management of the banks to take decisions regarding the future policy of assets and liabilities management, relying on the synthetic information prepared by well trained technicians but without voting right (usually middle management staff. We consider that the implementation of an assets and liabilities management strategy cannot be done without an appropriate corporate governance structure, even though the bank is having highly specialized staff. Models of some western banking institutions may be considered as benchmarks by the Romanian banks.

  16. Making sense in asset markets: Strategies for Implicit Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes M. Lehner

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available While asset markets are traditionally left to economic inquiry, the paper shows that there is both a legal possibility and an incentive for organizing within such markets and for exercising market share-based strategic maneuvering. It proposes, based on sensemaking theory, Implicit Organizations in asset markets to exploit equivocality for momentum trading strategies. An Implicit Organization fulfills the criteria of an organization, while maintaining the image of a perfect market. Its members coordinate via market signals and fixed investment time windows to ensure positive returns to strategic maneuvering in asset markets. In support of hypotheses derived from sensemaking theory, results of empirical studies from two different investment contexts (Xetra and NYSE provide evidence that equivocal analysts’ recommendations predict investment returns after a fixed time period.

  17. Analysis of Factors Influencing the Turnover Efficiency of Quick Assets in Agricultural Companies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZOU Ling-li; JIA Xian-wei

    2012-01-01

    We select 34 representative agricultural listed companies as the study object,to analyze the characteristics of quick assets in agricultural companies.The ratio between quick assets and total assets roughly displays normal distribution,with the peak value up to 40%;the distribution figure shape of the ratio between quick assets and liquid asset displays normal distribution,with the peak value up to 63%.Taking the case of typical agricultural company,Yuan Longping High-Tech Agriculture Co.,Ltd.,we analyze the factors influencing turnover of quick assets,and the main factors influencing the turnover of quick assets in agricultural companies are monetary funds and receivables.We establish the multiple linear regression model,and draw the conclusion that the turnover efficiency of quick assets is significantly affected by the ratio between cash assets and income,turnover rate of receivables,and quickness ratio.

  18. The risk of stranded assets for utilities in Canada

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The problems of dealing with stranded assets in Canada and the United States were discussed. Compared to the United States, the risk associated with stranded assets for utilities in Canada was considered to be relatively low because of the following factors: (1) low variable cost, (2) isolation, (3) lack of transmission interconnection capacity, (4) lack of tight synchronization in North America, (5) the likelihood of an increase in natural gas prices, (6) the absence of jurisdictional disputes such as FERC versus the states, (7) social considerations, (8) the learning curve, (9) politics, (10) weak balance sheets, (11) relatively low electricity prices, (12) the weak Canadian dollar, and (13) the possibility of refinancing at lower interest rates. Ontario Hydro, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia Power are the three Canadian utilities that may have stranded costs. For Ontario Hydro and New Brunswick Power the stranded costs would be related to nuclear generator problems, whereas for Nova Scotia Power, the stranded costs would be related to the thermal generating base, the threat from Sable Island Gas and the changing tax structure of the utility. Some other reasons why stranded assets could be created in Canada would include low variable costs and high fixed costs, over capacity of at least 30 per cent in generation, limited domestic energy growth, competitive threat from gas, reliability and safety of nuclear plants, and technology change. Five factors in terms of which stranded assets can be expressed are: (1) variable cost definition, (2) total cost definition, (3) operating profit definition, (4) wide geographic definition, and (5) free market definition. In calculating stranded assets, the number of years over which the assets are recovered and the discount rate are considered to be key factors. 26 tabs

  19. European Interoperability Assets Register and Quality Framework Implementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno-Conde, Alberto; Thienpont, Geert; Lamote, Inge; Coorevits, Pascal; Parra, Carlos; Kalra, Dipak

    2016-01-01

    Interoperability assets is the term applied to refer to any resource that can support the design, implementation and successful adoption of eHealth services that can exchange data meaningfully. Some examples may include functional requirements, specifications, standards, clinical models and term lists, guidance on how standards may be used concurrently, implementation guides, educational resources, and other resources. Unfortunately, these are largely accessible in ad hoc ways and result in scattered fragments of a solution space that urgently need to be brought together. At present, it is well known that new initiatives and projects will reinvent assets of which they were unaware, while those assets which were potentially of great value are forgotten, not maintained and eventually fall into disuse. This research has defined a quality in use model and assessed the suitability of this quality framework based on the feedback and opinion of a representative sample of potential end users. This quality framework covers the following domains of asset development and adoption: (i) Development process, (ii) Maturity level, (iii) Trustworthiness, (iv) Support & skills, (v) Sustainability, (vi) Semantic interoperability, (vii) Cost & effort of adoption (viii) Maintenance. When participants were requested to evaluate how the overall quality in use framework, 70% would recommend using the register to their colleagues, 70% felt that it could provide relevant benefits for discovering new assets, and 50% responded that it would support their decision making about the recommended asset to adopt or implement in their organisation. Several European projects have expressed interest in using the register, which will now be sustained and promoted by the the European Institute for Innovation through Health Data. PMID:27577473

  20. ON THE OPTIMAL PACKAGE FORMAT FOR ASSET SELLERS

    OpenAIRE

    Ming-Song Kao; Chih-Hsiang Hsu; Chung-Chih Liao

    2009-01-01

    A seller who owns two common-value assets can choose to either sell them as a bundle or separately. In this paper, we present a theoretical model to select the optimal selling option when there is asymmetric information between the seller and the buyers. Our main finding is that separate selling makes the seller fall into a bilateral monopoly environment, in which the assets are sold through bargaining, while bundled selling leads to a competitive bidding environment. When the seller’s barg...