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Sample records for aspiration biopsy fnab

  1. MRI-guided biopsy and fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) in the diagnosis of musculoskeletal lesions

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    Kerimaa, Pekka, E-mail: pekka.kerimaa@ppshp.fi [Department of Radiology, Oulu University Hospital, P.O. Box 50, 90029 OYS (Finland); Marttila, Antti, E-mail: antti.marttila@ppshp.fi [Department of Radiology, Oulu University Hospital, P.O. Box 50, 90029 OYS (Finland); Hyvönen, Pekka, E-mail: pekka.hyvonen@ppshp.fi [Department of Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, P.O. Box 50, 90029 OYS (Finland); Ojala, Risto, E-mail: risto.ojala@ppshp.fi [Department of Radiology, Oulu University Hospital, P.O. Box 50, 90029 OYS (Finland); Lappi-Blanco, Elisa, E-mail: elisa.lappi-blanco@ppshp.fi [Department of Pathology, Oulu University Hospital, P.O. Box 50, 90029 OYS (Finland); Tervonen, Osmo, E-mail: osmo.tervonen@ppshp.fi [Department of Radiology, Oulu University Hospital, P.O. Box 50, 90029 OYS (Finland); Blanco Sequeiros, Roberto, E-mail: roberto.blanco@oulu.fi [Department of Radiology, Oulu University Hospital, P.O. Box 50, 90029 OYS (Finland)

    2013-12-01

    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) guided musculoskeletal biopsy and the value of fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) when combined with histologic biopsy. Materials and methods: A total of 172 biopsies were performed under MRI guidance, 170 were histologic biopsies. In 112 cases, a fine needle aspiration biopsy was also performed. In two cases, a stand-alone FNAB was performed. The diagnostic performance was evaluated retrospectively by comparing the histopathologic and cytologic diagnosis with the current or final diagnosis after at least one year of clinical and imaging follow-up. A 0.23 T open MRI scanner with an interventional stereotactic guidance system was used. Results: The overall diagnostic accuracy of MRI guided biopsy was 0.95, sensitivity 0.91, specificity 0.98, positive predictive value (ppv) 0.97 and negative predictive value (npv) 0.93. The diagnostic accuracy of trephine biopsy alone was 0.93, sensitivity 0.89, specificity 0.98, ppv 0.97 and npv 0.91 and accuracy for FNAB alone was 0.85, sensitivity 0.80, specificity 0.90, ppv 0.89 and npv 0.82. Conclusions: MRI guidance is a feasible and accurate tool in percutaneous musculoskeletal biopsies. Fine needle biopsy is a useful low-cost supplement to histologic biopsy.

  2. EUS – Fine- Needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNAB in the Diagnosis of Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalogeraki Alexandra

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Solid masses of the pancreas represent a variety of benign and malignant neoplasms of the exocrine and endocrine tissues of the pancreas. A tissue diagnosis is often required to direct therapy in the face of uncertain diagnosis or if the patient is not a surgical candidate either due to advanced disease or comorbidities. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS is a relatively new technology that employs endoscopy and high-frequency ultrasound (US. EUS involves imaging of the pancreatic head and the uncinate from the duodenum and imaging of the body and tail from the stomach. It has been shown to be a highly sensitive method for the detection of pancreatic masses. It is superior to extracorporeal US and computed tomographic (CT scans, especially when the pancreatic tumor is smaller than 2-3 cm. Although EUS is highly sensitive in detecting pancreatic solid masses, its ability to differentiate between inflammatory masses and malignant disease is limited. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP brushing, CT-guided biopsies, and transabdominal ultrasound (US have been the standard nonsurgical methods for obtaining a tissue diagnosis of pancreatic lesions, but a substantial false-negative rate has been reported. Transabdominal US-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB has been used for tissue diagnosis in patients with suspected pancreatic carcinoma. It has been shown to be highly specific, with no false-positive diagnoses. With the advent of curvilinear echoendoscopes, transgastric and transduodenal EUS-FNAB of the pancreas have become a reality EUS with FNAB has revolutionized the ability to diagnose and stage cancers of the gastrointestinal tract and assess the pancreas. Gastrointestinal cancers can be looked at with EUS and their depth of penetration into the intestinal wall can be determined. Any suspicious appearing lymph nodes can be biopsied using EUS/FNAB. The pancreas is another organ that is well visualized with EUS. Abnormalities

  3. EUS - Fine- Needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNAB) in the Diagnosis of Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: A Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalogeraki, Alexandra; Papadakis, Georgios Z; Tamiolakis, Dimitrios; Karvela-Kalogeraki, Iliana; Karvelas-Kalogerakis, Mihailos; Segredakis, John; Papadakis, Michael; Moustou, Eleni; Datseri, Galateia; Tzardi, Maria

    2016-01-01

    Solid masses of the pancreas represent a variety of benign and malignant neoplasms of the exocrine and endocrine tissues of the pancreas. A tissue diagnosis is often required to direct therapy in the face of uncertain diagnosis or if the patient is not a surgical candidate either due to advanced disease or comorbidities. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is a relatively new technology that employs endoscopy and high-frequency ultrasound (US). EUS involves imaging of the pancreatic head and the uncinate from the duodenum and imaging of the body and tail from the stomach. It has been shown to be a highly sensitive method for the detection of pancreatic masses. It is superior to extracorporeal US and computed tomographic (CT) scans, especially when the pancreatic tumor is smaller than 2-3 cm. Although EUS is highly sensitive in detecting pancreatic solid masses, its ability to differentiate between inflammatory masses and malignant disease is limited. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) brushing, CT-guided biopsies, and transabdominal ultrasound (US) have been the standard nonsurgical methods for obtaining a tissue diagnosis of pancreatic lesions, but a substantial false-negative rate has been reported. Transabdominal US-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB) has been used for tissue diagnosis in patients with suspected pancreatic carcinoma. It has been shown to be highly specific, with no false-positive diagnoses. With the advent of curvilinear echoendoscopes, transgastric and transduodenal EUS-FNAB of the pancreas have become a reality EUS with FNAB has revolutionized the ability to diagnose and stage cancers of the gastrointestinal tract and assess the pancreas. Gastrointestinal cancers can be looked at with EUS and their depth of penetration into the intestinal wall can be determined. Any suspicious appearing lymph nodes can be biopsied using EUS/FNAB. The pancreas is another organ that is well visualized with EUS. Abnormalities such as tumors

  4. An analysis of of the ultrasound findings of false negative cases for an initial ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB)

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    Kim, Jee Young; Jung, So Lyung; Kim, Bum Soo; Ahn, Kook Jin; Hahn, Seong Tae [College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-09-15

    To analyze the ultrasonographic (US) findings of thyroid nodules that yielded false negative results after an initial ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). Between August 2003 and February 2006, 389 patients with 405 thyroid nodules received a repeat US-guided FNAB. We retrospectively reviewed the US findings, cytology results and postsurgical pathological results. The cytology diagnoses were classified as benign, a suspicious malignancy, a follicular neoplasm, a papillary carcinoma, and a non-diagnostic result. The US findings of the thyroid nodules were analyzed with regard to size, internal content, shape, margin, echogenecity, and calcification pattern. Of the 405 thyroid nodules, 17 nodules were false negative. The major US findings of these nodules were a solid internal component in 16 nodules, hypoechogenicity or marked hypoechogenicity in 14 nodules, microcalcifications in 12 nodules, an ovoid to round shape in 9 nodules and a well-defined smooth margin in 9 nodules. An repeat US-guided FNAB should be performed if the thyroid nodules have one of the malignant US features such as hypoechogenecity or marked hypoechogenecity, a microcalcification, a taller than wide shape or a well-defined spiculate margin although the cytology results indicated a benign lesion. In addition, thyroid nodules with findings of a well-defined smooth margin, ovoid to round shape, and solid internal component might also be subject to a repeat US-guided FNAB to exclude a malignancy.

  5. Fine Needle Aspiration and Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma: The Risk of Inadequate Preoperative Evaluation and Initial Surgery When Relying Upon FNAB Cytology Alone

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Essig, G.F.; Porter, K.; Schneider, D.; Debora, A.; Lindsey, S.C.; Busonero, G.; Fineberg, D.; Fruci, B.; Boelaert, K.; Smit, J.W.A.; Meijer, J.A.M.; Duntas, L.; Sharma, N.; Costante, G.; Filetti, S.; Sippel, R.S.; Biondi, B.; Topliss, D.J.; Pacini, F.; Maciel, R.M.; Walz, P.C.; Kloos, R.T.

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) to preoperatively diagnose medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) among multiple international centers and evaluate how the cytological diagnosis alone could impact patient management.Methods: We performed a retrospectiv

  6. Cytological and sonographic correlation of the biopsies by fine needle aspiration (FNAB) of thyroid nodules in the Hospital San Rafael de Alajuela of July 1, 2006 to February 28, 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The importance of the use of aspiration biopsy with ultrasonic-guided fine needle is recognized as screening method for diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Thyroid nodules are very common, the prevalence of palpitation has been estimated by 4% and 6% by ultrasound. The prevalence in autopsy data of patients with no history of thyroid pathology has been up to 50%. The use set of advanced imaging techniques and modified techniques of biopsy is implemented in order to increase the diagnostic security of thyroid lesions. The incidental finding of thyroid nodules or incidentalomas has soared dizzily, since the advent of ultrasound as an element in the valuation of thyroid disease and thyroid in the neck. Incidence has been reported even up to 40%. A growing number of endocrinologists are using aspiration biopsy with ultrasound guided fine needle of thyroid nodules as initial diagnostic procedure to identify discrete nodules with a direct location. The percentage of malignant nodules or that require surgery by size or symptomatology, generally, is very low, had to be established a systematic approach to reducing morbidity and mortality associated with major surgery of the neck and reduce costs. The biopsy by fine needle aspiration has been a well established diagnostic technique for preoperative evaluation of thyroid nodules, which has led a significant reduction in the number of unnecessary surgeries in most centers has been between 35-75%. This biopsy has been a specific method, sensitive and inexpensive. The sonographic guidance for biopsy by fine needle aspiration offers the following benefits: is safe and inexpensive, able to reduce costs in 25%, minimally invasive and highly effective, this guidance has increased the detection of malignancy of 14 to 39%. Among the complications that can occur is the formation of hematoma and pain, which are rare. On the other hand, the sonographic guidance is essential for biopsy nonpalpable nodules helping to ensure proper placement of

  7. Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy

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    ... Global Sites Search Help? Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy Share this page: Was this page helpful? Also ... Examination Formal name: Bone Marrow Aspiration; Bone Marrow Biopsy Related tests: Complete Blood Count ; WBC Differential ; Reticulocyte ...

  8. Institutional experience of PTH evaluation on fine-needle washing after aspiration biopsy to locate hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue#

    OpenAIRE

    Giusti, Massimo; Dolcino, Mara; Vera, Lara; Ghiara, Carla; Massaro, Francesca; Fazzuoli, Laura; Ferone, Diego; Mussap, Michele; Minuto, Francesco

    2009-01-01

    Assaying parathyroid hormone (PTH) in the washing liquid after fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) seems to be a valid approach to locate parathyroid tissue. PTH-FNAB was evaluated in 47 patients with a clinical picture of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP) and ultrasonography (US) suggestive of parathyroid lesion. The patients were subdivided into two groups on the basis of the absence or presence of US thyroid alterations. The result of PTH-FNAB was compared with those of cytology, scintigr...

  9. Thyroid cancer detected by ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy.

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    Yokozawa, T; Fukata, S; Kuma, K; Matsuzuka, F; Kobayashi, A; Hirai, K; Miyauchi, A; Sugawara, M

    1996-09-01

    A greater percentage of thyroid cancers can be detected by ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (UG-FNAB) than by ordinary FNAB. A group of 678 patients were selected sequentially as having been diagnosed with benign nodules by the conventional FNAB method. We reexamined these patients by UG-FNAB and investigated the types of thyroid cancer that were missed by the conventional FNAB. Of the 678 patients diagnosed with benign nodules (using conventional FNAB), 571 (84.2%) demonstrated the same diagnosis when UG-FNAB was used. The remaining 107 patients (15.8%) studied were suspected of having a malignancy after UG-FNAB had been performed. Surgical specimen histology proved thyroid cancer in 99 of the 107 patients: 93 had papillary carcinoma, 4 had follicular carcinoma, 1 had medullary carcinoma and 1 had anaplastic carcinoma. Two drawbacks were noted when conventional FNAB was used: (1) cancer lesions difficult to palpate (n = 55) (e.g., small cancers with or without benign lesions or cancers associated with Hashimoto's thyroiditis or Graves' disease); and (2) palpable cancers with insufficient cell material for analysis (n = 44) (e.g., cystic carcinoma and cancers with calcified lesions. UG-FNAB is a powerful technique for detecting microcancers, cystic carcinomas, cancers associated with benign nodules, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, or coarse calcifications. PMID:8678961

  10. Does large needle aspiration biopsy add pain to the thyroid nodule evaluation?

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    Carpi, Angelo; Rossi, Giuseppe; Nicolini, Andrea; Iervasi, Giorgio; Russo, Matteo; Mechanick, Jeffrey

    2013-01-01

    Thyroid large needle aspiration biopsy is disregarded because it is thought to be associated with pain. This is in contrast with our 32 years long experience. We surveyed reports of pain in patients examined with fine needle aspiration biopsy (78, 87.2% women, mean age 59 years) or FNAB+large needle aspiration biopsy (48, 87.5% women, mean age 60 years). Each patient was questioned regarding a) no unpleasant sensation (score "0"); b) unpleasant sensation ("1"); c) mild pain (no analgesic used; "2"); or d) pain (analgesic used; "3"). The mean size of the needle used was for FNAB 22.3±0.7 or 20.8±1 gauge in the fine needle aspiration or fine needle aspiration plus large needle aspiration biopsy group, respectively (pfine needle aspiration plus large needle aspiration biopsy group. However, the pain score in the fine needle aspiration biopsy or fine needle aspiration biopsy plus large needle aspiration biopsy group was not significantly different. Large needle aspiration biopsy after fine needle aspiration biopsy does not add any discomfort or pain and therefore in light of the demonstrable benefits, should be included in clinical algorithms for the evaluation of thyroid nodules. PMID:23536779

  11. Does large needle aspiration biopsy add pain to the thyroid nodule evaluation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelo Carpi

    Full Text Available Thyroid large needle aspiration biopsy is disregarded because it is thought to be associated with pain. This is in contrast with our 32 years long experience. We surveyed reports of pain in patients examined with fine needle aspiration biopsy (78, 87.2% women, mean age 59 years or FNAB+large needle aspiration biopsy (48, 87.5% women, mean age 60 years. Each patient was questioned regarding a no unpleasant sensation (score "0"; b unpleasant sensation ("1"; c mild pain (no analgesic used; "2"; or d pain (analgesic used; "3". The mean size of the needle used was for FNAB 22.3±0.7 or 20.8±1 gauge in the fine needle aspiration or fine needle aspiration plus large needle aspiration biopsy group, respectively (p<.0001. The number of percutaneous punctures was higher in the fine needle aspiration plus large needle aspiration biopsy group. However, the pain score in the fine needle aspiration biopsy or fine needle aspiration biopsy plus large needle aspiration biopsy group was not significantly different. Large needle aspiration biopsy after fine needle aspiration biopsy does not add any discomfort or pain and therefore in light of the demonstrable benefits, should be included in clinical algorithms for the evaluation of thyroid nodules.

  12. Preparation and Using Phantom Lesions to Practice Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsies

    OpenAIRE

    Shidham, Vinod B.; Varsegi, George M.; D'Amore, Krista; Shidham, Anjani

    2009-01-01

    Currently, health workers including residents and fellows do not have a suitable phantom model to practice the fine- needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) procedure. In the past, we standardized a model consisting of latex glove containing fresh cattle liver for practicing FNAB. However, this model is difficult to organize and prepare on short notice, with the procurement of fresh cattle liver being the most challenging aspect. Handling of liver with contamination-related problems is also a signifi...

  13. Endoscopic ultrasound with fine needle aspiration and biopsy in lung cancer and isolated mediastinal lymphadenopathy.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Nadarajan, P

    2010-03-01

    Endoscopic ultrasound with fine-needle aspiration and biopsy (EUS-FNAB) is well established in diagnosing and staging lung cancer in patients with mediastinal adenopathy. EUS-FNAB is highly sensitive, less invasive and has lower complication rates when compared to surgical staging of mediastinal nodes. In this study we describe our experience of EUS-FNAB in lung cancer and other causes of mediastinal lymphadenopathy. EUS-FNAB was performed for assessment of PET positive mediastinal lymph nodes between January 2007 and March 2009 in AMNCH. The endpoints of our study were sensitivity and specificity of EUS-FNAB, morbidity and length of hospital stay. Thirty four patients underwent EUS-FNAB during the study period for both diagnosis and staging. Thirty patients had positive lymph node invasion and 4 had no evidence of malignant invasion. In these 4 patients negative cytology was confirmed on mediastinoscopy giving EUS-FNAB a sensitivity and specificity of 100%. EUS-FNAB upstaged the disease in 12 patients. EUS-FNAB is a reliable tool for mediastinal staging in lung cancer, significantly reducing the need for surgical staging procedures in patients with suspected mediastinal involvement.

  14. O diagnóstico do carcinoma metastático de coróide pela biópsia aspirativa com agulha fina (BAAF: relato de caso The diagnosis of metastatic carcinoma of the choroid using fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB: case report

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    Zélia Maria da Silva Corrêa

    2003-01-01

    male, while being treated for a solitary pulmonary condensation, reported sudden loss of vision, pain, discharge and red eye (right eye for 10 days. During the ophthalmic examination a nonregmatogenous retinal detachment as well as multiple choroidal tumors were confirmed by diagnostic ocular ultrasound. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB was suggested to diagnose a possible metastatic disease. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy was performed under peribulbar anesthesia with sedation. A transvitreous route was chosen through a sclerotomy 4 mm from the limbus. The procedure was monitored via binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy. Two sample aspirates were obtained from different tumour foci. After fine-needle aspiration biopsy, the aspirates were sent for processing, fixation and stained with Papanicolaou and HE. RESULTS: Cytology confirmed the diagnosis of multiple metastatic tumors. Immunocytochemistry of ocular and lung aspirates revealed a common cell origin by a pankeratin (AE1/AE3 positive test. Regardless of systemic treatment with chemotherapy and improvement of the ocular status, the patient died 4 months after cytological diagnosis of metastatic carcinoma of the choroid. CONCLUSIONS: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy was efficient to diagnose and correlate ocular cytology with the primary tumor by imunohistochemical methods in this case. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy should still be used only in selected cases and further research will be necessary for it to become a standard diagnostic procedure in ophthalmology.

  15. Aspiration and Biopsy: Bone Marrow

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    ... The person performing the bone marrow aspiration and biopsy will know your medical history, but might ask additional questions, such as what medicines you're taking or whether you have any allergies. Be sure to ... on the aspiration and biopsy site about 30 minutes before the procedure. You ...

  16. Eccrine porocarcinoma: cytologic diagnosis by fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalogeraki, Alexandra; Tamiolakis, Dimitrios; Tsagatakis, Thomas; Geronatsiou, Katerina; Haniotis, Vrettos; Kafoussi, Maria

    2013-01-01

    Introdução: O porocarcinoma écrino (PE) é um tumor maligno pouco comum dos anexos cutâneos. Trata-se de um adenocarcinoma da glândula sudorípara écrina com propensão para recorrer localmente e para originar metástases ao longo dos gânglios linfáticos regionais. Este artigo apresenta um diagnóstico por citologia aspirativa com agulha fina (CAAF) de um PE, associado ao exame histológico e de imunocito/histoquímica.Caso Clínico: São descritos os achados da citologia de um porocarcinoma écrino numa doente de 76 anos de idade, bem como as características histológicas do tumor cutâneo. A citologia aspirativa revelou que o tumor se caracterizava pela presença de células atípicas malignas com citoplasma basófilo, núcleos hipercromáticos e nucléolos proeminentes. O diagnóstico citológico foi confirmado pela histologia.Conclusões: É crucial obter um diagnóstico pré-operatório preciso de modo a desencadear um plano cirúrgico curativo. A CAAF possibilita uma abordagem pouco invasiva, segura e efectiva, de modo a esclarecer um diagnóstico diferencial exigente.

  17. Tissue Harvester with Functional Valve (THFV): Shidham's device for reproducibly higher specimen yield by fine needle aspiration biopsy with easy to perform steps

    OpenAIRE

    Basir Zainab; Rao R Nagarjun; Pandit Ashwini W; Shidham Vinod B; Shidham Anjani

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) cytology has been a highly effective methodology for tissue diagnosis and for various ancillary studies including molecular tests. In addition to other benefits, FNAB predominantly retrieves the diagnostic loosely cohesive cells in the lesion as compared to the adjacent supporting stroma with relatively higher cohesiveness. However, FNAB procedure performed with currently available resources is highly skill dependent with inter-performe...

  18. Clinical impact of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy in patients with upper gastrointestinal tract malignancies. A prospective study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, M B; Pless, T; Durup, J;

    2001-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Several studies have evaluated the accuracy of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNAB) in the upper gastrointestinal tract, but so far no studies have specifically evaluated the clinical impact of EUS-FNAB in upper gastrointestinal tract...

  19. CT-guided aspiration biopsy of pulmonary and mediastinal masses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) was performed on the patients with pulmonary or mediastinal masses to obtain material for cytologic/histologic diagnosis. Diagnostic accuracy and safety of the technique were evaluated in 75 patients affected with thoracic lesions still undiagnosed after thorough radiological and endoscopic investigations. The cytologic and/or microhistologic samples allowed a correct diagnosis to be made in 61 cases (81%), with no false positives and 7 false negatives (9%). The samples were inadequate for diagnostic purposes in 7 cases (9%). Specificity, sensitivity and diagnostic accuracy were 68%, 76%, and 81% respectively. No major complication was recorded and a case of asympomatic pneumothorax resolved spontaneously within 48 hours. CT-guided FNAB of space occupyng lesions in the lung and mediastinum is therefore a rapid and valuable diagnostic tool and is quite safe when performed by skilled operators

  20. Institutional experience of PTH evaluation on fine-needle washing after aspiration biopsy to locate hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Massimo GIUSTI; Mara DOLCINO; Lara VERA; Carla GHIARA; Francesca MASSARO; Laura FAZZUOLI; Diego FERONE; Michele MUSSAP; Francesco MINUTO

    2009-01-01

    Assaying parathyroid hormone (PTH) in the washing liquid after fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) seems to be a valid approach to locate parathyroid tissue. PTH-FNAB was evaluated in 47 patients with a clinical picture of primary hyper-parathyroidism (PHP) and ultrasonography (US) suggestive of parathyroid lesion. The patients were subdivided into two groups on the basis of the absence or presence of US thyroid alterations. The result of PTH-FNAB was compared with those of cytology, scintigraphy and, in 24 patients, surgical outcome. PTH-FNAB samples with a value higher than that recorded in the serum and higher than our institutional cut-off were deemed to be probable samples of parathyroid tissue. Cytology proved diagnostic for benign thyroid lesions, non-diagnostic for thyroid lesions, hyperplastic parathyroid tissue, undetermined or malignant thyroid lesions and other lesions in 45%, 30%, 17%, 4%, and 4% of cases, respectively. In 47% of cases, PTH-FNAB indicated that the sample had been taken in parathyroid tissue. In patients without US alterations, the diagnostic accuracy of PTH-FNAB was greater than that of scintigraphy. After surgery, comparison between the results of PTH-FNAB and scintigraphy, in terms of positive predictive value (PPV), revealed the superiority of PTH-FNAB; PPV was 94% for FNAB and 71% for scintigraphy, while sen-sitivity was 83% and 69%, respectively. PTH-FNAB evaluation after FNAB appears to be more diagnostic than cytology and scintigraphy. Of all the procedures used, PTH-FNAB appears to be the method of choice when the target is US suggestive and reachable. PTH-FNAB appears to be a useful method of guiding surgical intervention.

  1. Cancer incidence of larger thyroid nodules and the diagnostic value of palpation and ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration biopsy

    OpenAIRE

    Umut Rıza Gündüz; Arif Aslaner; Rojbin Karakoyun Demirci; Hasan Çalış; Osman Zekai Öner; Nurullah Bülbüller

    2014-01-01

    In this prospective study, we aimed to determine the cancer incidence of thyroid nodules larger than 3cm and compare the efficacy of palpation and ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). The study was conducted at General Surgery Departments of Istanbul Okmeydanı and Antalya Training and Research Hospitals of Turkey from March 2008 to December 2011. In our clinics, between the years 2008 and 2011, both palpation and ultrasound guided FNAB were performed in all 55 patients havi...

  2. Fine-needle aspiration cytology and biopsy in hepatic masses: A minimally invasive diagnostic approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jitendra G Nasit

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims and Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic sensitivity, usefulness and limitations of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC and fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB in the diagnosis of hepatic masses. Materials and Methods: FNAC was performed on 150 cases of hepatic masses under guidance of ultrasound or computed tomography (CT scan. Adequate diagnostic aspirates were obtained in 147 cases (98.0%. Smears were stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H and E, and Papanicolaou stains. FNAB was obtained from the same 149 cases (except one and stained with HE stain. The hepatic masses were categorized into benign, malignant and inflammatory groups. Results: Out of 150 hepatic masses, 3.3% were benign, 94.26% were malignant and 2% were inflammatory lesions. FNAC and FNAB were unsatisfactory for evaluation in 3 out of the 150 cases (2% and 6 out of 149 cases (4.02%, respectively. Correct cytological diagnoses were achieved in 129 out of the 150 cases (diagnostic sensitivity: 86%. FNAB gave satisfactory results in 143 out of 149 cases (diagnostic sensitivity: 95.77%. Cytological diagnoses of 21 cases were not consistent with histology (false negativity: 14%. Cyto-histological correlation showed 87.32% diagnostic sensitivity of FNAC for malignant tumors, whereas benign tumors posed maximum diagnostic problems, with sensitivity of 40%. This difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05. FNAB showed a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05 compared with FNAC in the diagnosis of benign and malignant hepatic masses. FNAC showed 100% diagnostic sensitivity for inflammatory lesions. Conclusion: Malignant tumors of liver can be confidently diagnosed on FNAC. However, FNAC has a few limitations and diagnostic challenges in benign lesions, well-differentiated and poorly differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma, and metastatic carcinoma. Microhistology by FNAB allows architectural, cellular and immunohistochemical evaluation. To obtain maximum

  3. Core needle biopsy versus fine needle aspiration biopsy in breast--a historical perspective and opportunities in the modern era.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nassar, Aziza

    2011-05-01

    Breast fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) by palpation is on the decline, due to its limitations in diagnostic accuracy, decreased sensitivity, and its replacement with core needle biopsy (CNB). Despite its decreasing utility, superficial fine-needle aspiration (FNA) in breast is still the main modality for evaluating metastatic lesions, recurrence, and axillary lymph node metastasis. New modalities including proteomic pattern expression and methylation profiling of breast lesions are other promising techniques that can be used as ancillary tests for refining the diagnosis of breast lesions using FNAB. Image-guided breast FNA proves to be a successful alternative with high sensitivity and specificity. In this review, the advantages, disadvantages, and inherent limitations of breast FNA and CNB, and new advanced techniques are discussed. PMID:20949457

  4. Thyroid Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsies in Children: Study of Cytological-Histological Correlation and Immunostaining with Thyroid Peroxidase Monoclonal Antibodies

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    Bauer Andrew

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Context. There is limited data comparing results of fine needle aspiration biopsies (FNABs to histological diagnosis in children. Design. FNABs were performed in 707 children and cytological results were compared to histology in 165 cases. The usefulness of immunostaining with anti-TPO monoclonal antibodies (MoAb47 on FNAB samples was examined in 54 operated patients. Results. Among unsatisfactory, benign, suspicious, and malignant FNAB, the histological diagnoses were benign in 12/12 (100%, 69/70 (98.5%, 40/50 (80.0%, and 0/33 (0%, respectively. After surgery, malignancy was established in 44/165 (26.6% cases. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were 95.4%, 55.8%, 61.7%, and 95% with standard FNAB; and 100%, 75%, 73.3, and 100% with MoAb47. Among suspicious FNAB, positive MoAb47 staining was a reliable marker for exclusion of malignancy. Conclusion. Benign and malignant FNAB accurately predict histological diagnosis. In suspicious FNAB, MoAb47 immunostaining may be a useful adjunct to standard cytology.

  5. Ultrasonography-Guided Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy of Predominantly Cystic Thyroid Nodules

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    Baek, Hye Jin; Kim, Dong Wook [Busan Paik Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-02-15

    The aim of this study is to present our biopsy technique and to determine the efficacy of the ultrasound- guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB) for predominantly cystic thyroid nodules (PCTNs). This study included patients that underwent US-FNABs on PCTNs, and were sampled for the solid component following the aspiration of a cystic component through one needle puncture between January to December of 2008. We retrospectively reviewed the cytopathology results as well as any complication associated with the procedure. Of the 76 PCTNs (range of maximal diameter: 0.4 cm-6.1 cm, mean: 2.39 cm) observed in the 75 patients (females: males = 63: 12, age range: 19-72, mean: 45.3 years old), the incidence rate of adequate and inadequate samples was 90.8% (69/76) and 9.2% (7/76) in the first US-FNAB, respectively. Further, 23 PCTNs were surgically removed in 22 patients, of which 15 PCTNs were benign and 8 were confirmed malignant nodules. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy for USFNAB of PCTNs were 95.2%, 100%, 100%, 76.9%, and 95.8%, respectively. The data suggest that our technique for US-FNAB of PCTNs was effective and accurate.

  6. Preparation and using phantom lesions to practice fine needle aspiration biopsies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shidham, Vinod B; Varsegi, George M; D'Amore, Krista; Shidham, Anjani

    2009-01-01

    Currently, health workers including residents and fellows do not have a suitable phantom model to practice the fine- needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) procedure. In the past, we standardized a model consisting of latex glove containing fresh cattle liver for practicing FNAB. However, this model is difficult to organize and prepare on short notice, with the procurement of fresh cattle liver being the most challenging aspect. Handling of liver with contamination-related problems is also a significant draw back. In addition, the glove material leaks after a few needle passes, with resulting mess. We have established a novel simple method of embedding a small piece of sausage or banana in a commercially available silicone rubber caulk. This model allows the retention of vacuum seal and aspiration of material from the embedded specimen, resembling an actual FNAB procedure on clinical mass lesions. The aspirated material in the needle hub can be processed similar to the specimens procured during an actual FNAB procedure, facilitating additional proficiency in smear preparation and staining. PMID:19893483

  7. Pros and cons of fine needle aspiration biopsy in ocular tumors%眼内肿瘤细针穿刺活检的利与弊

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏文斌; 屠颖

    2012-01-01

    Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is an important method of intraocular tumors biopsy and often used in diagnosis of choroids tumors and primary intraocular lymphoma. The sensibility and specificity'of FNAB will increase with technique improvement of biopsy and handling the samples. Compared with other methods of intraocular biopsy, FNAB shows more convenient, quickly and safer. However, dissemination of tumor cells may still be the potential risk of FNAB. Indication of FNAB should be correctly selected before used. (Ophthalmol CHN, 2012, 21: 217-221)%细针穿刺眼内活检(fine-needle aspiration biopsy,FNAB)是眼内肿瘤诊断性活检的重要方法,常用于脉络膜肿瘤以及原发性眼内淋巴瘤的诊断.随着穿刺技术以及标本处理方法的改进,FNAB的诊断敏感性和特异性逐渐增加.与其他眼内活检方法相比,FNAB具有方便、快捷、安全的优点,但肿瘤的播散依然是其潜在的风险.临床应用FNAB需严格掌握其适应证.

  8. Postoperative Prognosis of Breast Cancer Patients Predicted by p53 Gene Mutation in Cancer Cells Obtained by Aspiration Biopsy

    OpenAIRE

    Takashi, SATO; Hideji, Masuoka; Kazunori, Toda; Kosho, Watabe; Yukio, Nakamura; Tatsuya, Ito; Makoto, Meguro; Masaaki, Yamamoto; Tousei, Ohmura

    2007-01-01

    The method of cytological examination by fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) was developed clinically in breast cancer and enabled us to prepare cancer cell nuclei for the detection of p53 gene mutation. In the expectation that this method would improve the prediction of postoperative prognosis, the observation of 10 year survival for breast cancer patients with p53 gene mutations was done. The DNA of the aspirated cells was examined preoperatively for gene alterations in 53 patients with br...

  9. Diagnostic accuracy and safety of CT-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy in cavitary pulmonary lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhuang, Yi-Ping, E-mail: yipingzhuang2010@sina.com [Department of Radiology, Jiangsu Cancer Institute and Hospital, No. 42 Baiziting Road, Nanjing 210009, Jiangsu (China); Wang, Hai-Yan, E-mail: mycherishgirl@sohu.com [Department of Radiology, Jiangsu Cancer Institute and Hospital, No. 42 Baiziting Road, Nanjing 210009, Jiangsu (China); Zhang, Jin, E-mail: yari_zj@hotmail.com [Department of Radiology, Jiangsu Cancer Institute and Hospital, No. 42 Baiziting Road, Nanjing 210009, Jiangsu (China); Feng, Yong, E-mail: fengyong119@sohu.com [Department of Radiology, Jiangsu Cancer Institute and Hospital, No. 42 Baiziting Road, Nanjing 210009, Jiangsu (China); Zhang, Lei, E-mail: motozl163@163.com [Department of Radiology, Jiangsu Cancer Institute and Hospital, No. 42 Baiziting Road, Nanjing 210009, Jiangsu (China)

    2013-01-15

    Objective: CT-guided transthoracic biopsy is a well-established method in the cytologic or histologic diagnosis of pulmonary lesions. The knowledge of its diagnostic performance and complications for cavitary pulmonary lesions is limited. The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy and safety of CT-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) in cavitary pulmonary lesions. Materials and methods: 102 consecutive patients with pulmonary cavitary lesions received CT-guided FNAB with use of an 18-gauge (n = 35) or 20-gauge (n = 67) Chiba for histology diagnosis. The sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of FNAB were calculated as compared with the final diagnosis. Complications associated with FNAB were observed. The diagnostic accuracy and complications were compared between patients with different lesion sizes and different cavity wall thickness. Results: The overall sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of FNAB were 96.3%, 98.0%, and 96.1%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, and diagnosis accuracy in different lesion size (<2 cm vs ≥2 cm), or different cavity wall thickness (<5 mm vs ≥5 mm) were not different (P > 0.05; 0.235). More nondiagnostic sample was found in wall thickness <5 mm lesions (P = 0.017). Associated complications included pneumothorax in 9 (8.8%) patients and alveolar hemorrhage in 14 patients (13.7%) and hemoptysis in 1 patient (1%). No different rate of complications was found with regard to lesion size, wall thickness, length of the needle path and needle size (P > 0.05). Conclusion: CT-guided FNAB can be effectively ad safely used for patients with pulmonary cavitary lesions.

  10. Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Thyroid

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Index A-Z Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Thyroid An ultrasound-guided thyroid biopsy ... Thyroid? What is Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Thyroid? During a fine needle aspiration ...

  11. Thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy: Do we really need an on-site cytopathologist?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cengic, Ismet, E-mail: ismetcengic@yahoo.com [Department of Radiology, Marmara University, School of Medicine, Fevzi Cakmak Mahallesi Mimar Sinan Caddesi No: 41, 34899 Ust Kaynarca Pendik, Istanbul (Turkey); Tureli, Derya, E-mail: deryatureli@yahoo.com [Department of Radiology, Marmara University, School of Medicine, Fevzi Cakmak Mahallesi Mimar Sinan Caddesi No: 41, 34899 Ust Kaynarca Pendik, Istanbul (Turkey); Ahiskali, Rengin, E-mail: renginiara@gmail.com [Department of Pathology, Marmara University, School of Medicine, Fevzi Cakmak Mahallesi Mimar Sinan Caddesi No: 41, 34899 Ust Kaynarca Pendik, Istanbul (Turkey); Bugdayci, Onur, E-mail: onurbug@hotmail.com [Department of Radiology, Marmara University, School of Medicine, Fevzi Cakmak Mahallesi Mimar Sinan Caddesi No: 41, 34899 Ust Kaynarca Pendik, Istanbul (Turkey); Aydin, Hilal, E-mail: hilalaltasaydin@gmail.com [Department of Radiology, Marmara University, School of Medicine, Fevzi Cakmak Mahallesi Mimar Sinan Caddesi No: 41, 34899 Ust Kaynarca Pendik, Istanbul (Turkey); Aribal, Erkin, E-mail: earibal@gmail.com [Department of Radiology, Marmara University, School of Medicine, Fevzi Cakmak Mahallesi Mimar Sinan Caddesi No: 41, 34899 Ust Kaynarca Pendik, Istanbul (Turkey)

    2014-04-15

    Purpose: The aim of this single center study is to evaluate the effectiveness of performing ultrasound-guided thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsies (FNAB) performed by the radiologist alone without an on-site cytopathologist. Materials and methods: In this prospective randomized study, 203 patients with single nodules measuring 10 mm or more underwent ultrasound-guided FNAB: 102 patients underwent FNAB performed by the radiologist accompanied by a cytopathologist (control group); 101 patients underwent FNAB by the radiologist alone (study group). In both groups biopsy time, specimen adequacy ratio, total aspiration number, cytopathologist's cytological diagnosis time (t1), cytopathologist's total time consumption (t2) were evaluated. Results: Mean total biopsy time was 8.74 ± 2.31 min in the study group and was significantly shorter than the control group's 11.97 ± 6.75 min (p = 0.004). The average number of aspirations per patient in the study group was 4.00 ± 0; compared to the control group's 3.56 ± 1.23 this was significantly higher (p = 0.001). t1 of the study group was 307.48 ± 226.32 s; compared to 350.14 ± 247.64 s in the control group, there was no statistically significant difference (p = 0.137). t2 of the study group was 672.93 ± 270.45 s; compared to the control group (707.03 ± 258.78 s) there was no statistically significant difference (p = 0.360). Diagnostic adequacy of aspirated specimens was reassessed in the pathology laboratory. In the study group, 84 out of 101 aspirations and in the control group 89 out of 102 aspirations was determined as adequate with no statistically significant difference (p = 0.302). Conclusions: We believe that in centers where a cytopathologist is not available, ultrasound-guided thyroid FNAB can be adequately performed by an experienced radiologist who was effectively trained in smear preparation.

  12. Comparison of fine needle aspiration biopsy and paraffin embedded tissue sections for measuring AgNOR proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tasdemir, S; Eroz, R; Cucer, N; Oktay, M; Türkeli, M

    2015-07-01

    Paraffin embedded tissue sections and fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) are important methods for diagnosis. We compared thyroid tissue obtained by FNAB to paraffin embedded sections to determine whether there were differences in detection of the amounts of argyrophilic nucleolar organizing region (AgNOR) proteins. Twenty-two patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma were included in the study. Slides were prepared with both FNAB tissue and 3 μm sections of paraffin embedded tissue, and stained for AgNOR. One hundred nuclei per individual were evaluated; total AgNOR number/nucleus (TAn/TNn) and total AgNOR area/nuclear area (TAa/TNa) of individual cells were determined. Mean TAn/TNn and TAa/TNa values were 4.800 ± 1.118 and 13.382 ± 2.612, respectively, for FNAB samples; corresponding values were 2.406 ± 0.649 and 8.49 ± 0.893, respectively, for paraffin embedded sections. The differences between FNAB materials and paraffin embedded tissue sections were significant for the mean TAn/TNn and TAa/TNa values. Significant differences in the amounts of AgNOR protein detected were found between FNAB and paraffin embedded tissue sections.

  13. Ultrasound-Guided Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy in Infracentimetric Thyroid Nodules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sang Su; In, Hyun Sin; Eun, Choong Ki [Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University School of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-03-15

    The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy of ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB) of thyroid nodules that are equal to or less than 1 cm at the maximum diameter. The US-FNABs performed on thyroid nodules from March to August 2009 were included in this study. We retrospectively evaluated the cytopathologic results as well as any complications associated with the procedure. Of the 241 thyroid nodules (range: 0.1 - 1.0 cm, mean size: 5.8 mm) in 184 patients (female: male = 164:20, mean age: 49.0 years, age range: 18 - 77 years old), the incidence of an inadequate sample was 14.1% (34/241) for the US-FNABs. Eighty six nodules were surgically removed in 62 patients, of which 15 were confirmed to be benign nodules and 71 were confirmed to be malignant nodules. The number of true positive, false positive, true negative and false negative results for US-FNAB were 59, 0, 10 and 3%, respectively, and the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy were 95.2%, 100%, 100%, 76.9% and 95.8%, respectively. All the false negative cases were less than 3 mm at the maximal diameter. There were no serious complications in all the patients. US-FNAB was effective for the cases of thyroid nodule under 1 cm at the maximal diameter. However, a false negative result of US-FNAB should be considered for the cases of very small nodules that are less than 3 mm at the maximal diameter

  14. Core-needle biopsy under CT fluoroscopy guidance and fine-needle aspiration cytology: Comparison of diagnostic yield in the diagnosis of lung and mediastinum tumors. Analysis of frequency and types of complications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Patients with pathological tissue mass in thoracic cage found with imaging require histopathological or cytological confirmation of malignancy before treatment. The tissue material essential for patomorphological evaluation can be acquired with fine-needle aspiration biopsies (FNAB) controlled with CT and core-needle biopsy (CNB) under real-time CT fluoroscopy guidance. The purpose of this work is to carry out a retrospective analysis of the two methods with regards to their informativity, frequency and the kind of complications. From January, 2012 to May 2013, 76 core-needle biopsies of lung and mediastinum tumors were conducted and compared with 86 fine-needle aspiration biopsies(FNAB) of lung and mediastinum tumors, including 30 patients who underwent FNAB and were referred to CNB in order to specify the diagnosis. Complete histopathological diagnosis was made in 91% with the use of CNB and in 37% when FNAB was the chosen method. Early complications were observed in 32% patients who underwent BG and in group of 11% who underwent FNAB. Late complications, however, appeared in 29% patients after CNB and 13% after FNAB. In 24 cases CNB specified the complete diagnosis. Core-needle biopsy in comparison to fine-needle aspiration biopsy has more frequent rate of negligible complications, however, it offers higher diagnostic yield for diagnostic of lung and mediastinum neoplastic disease and allows for more precise diagnosis of focal lesions

  15. Thin needle aspiration biopsy of endocrine organs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koss, L G

    1979-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to summarize the advantages and disadvantages of the fine needle aspiration technique in reference to the endocrine organs. The principles of technique and interpretation are presented. The application of aspiration biopsies to the breast, the prostate, the pancreas and the thyroid are briefly discussed. PMID:485094

  16. Usefulness of Ultrasound and Ultrasound-guided Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy for Axillary Staging in Breast Cancer: Analysis of 327 patients at a single institution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jang, Mi Jung; Kim, Sun Mi; Lyou, Chae Yeon; Kang, Eun Young; Kim, Sung Won; Park, So Yeon; Kim, Jee Hyun; Kim, Yu Jung [Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam (Korea, Republic of); Moon, Woo Kyung; Cho, Nariya [Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-12-15

    Aspiration biopsy (FNAB) for the diagnosis of metastasis in the axillary lymph node (LN) of patients with breast cancer. A retrospective review of the data was performed on 327 breast cancer patients that underwent axillary US from Jun 2006 to July 2008. US guided FNAB was performed when a LN indicated suspicious findings. Results of FNAB were compared with those of subsequent surgery. Of the 327 patients, 111 showed suspicious findings on US and underwent FNAB. Among the 111 cases, 73 (66%) were positive for cancer, while 38 (34%) were negative results. A Total of 254 patients who had normal findings on US (n=216) and negative results on FNAB (n=38) underwent SNB, of which 56 (22%) were proven to have metastasis. Sensitivity and specificity of US were 61.9% and 81.8%, respectively, with a positive predictive value (PPV) of 65.8% and negative predictive value (NPV) of 79.2%. Sensitivity and specificity of US-guided FNAB were 86.9% and 100%, respectively, with a PPV of 100% and a NPV of 71.7%. US and US-guided FNAB performed for axillary staging are useful methods with a high specificity and positive predictive value in invasive breast cancer patients

  17. Fine-Needle Aspiration Followed by Core-Needle Biopsy in the Same Setting: Modifying Our Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joudeh, Amani A; Shareef, Sameera Q; Al-Abbadi, Mousa A

    2016-01-01

    Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is a well-established initial diagnostic tool. However, in some instances limitations and shortcomings arise, making it insufficient for determining a specific diagnosis. Consequently, patients have to undergo another diagnostic procedure. The second procedure is either repeat FNAB, core-needle or open biopsy, and can be inconvenient and costly. In some centers, the FNAB is immediately followed by core-needle biopsy (CNB) in the same setting after assuring adequacy on the initial FNAB utilizing rapid on-site specimen evaluation (ROSE). It is argued that implementing such an approach will eventually have additional critical advantages that include the following: (a) it is more convenient to patients to have both procedures in one visit, (b) the tissue procured by both procedures will be more adequate, enabling cytopathologists to reach an accurate diagnosis, and (c) it is ultimately a cost-effective approach if we take into consideration the avoidance of a potential second more invasive diagnostic procedure. Since we are living in an era of patient-centered medicine coupled with cost-cutting strategies, we present here a brief review of the topic with analysis of this alternative approach, review of the pertinent literature and shed light on a few scenarios that justify this approach. PMID:26963594

  18. Multiparametric analysis of fine needle aspirate biopsies from parotid tumors by laser scanning cytometry (LSC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerstner, Andreas O.; Machlitt, Julia; Mueller, Anne-Kathrin; Tarnok, Attila; Oeken, Jens; Bootz, Friedrich

    2002-06-01

    In order to minimize hospitalization and morbidity with optimized therapy for a patient with a tumor of the parotid gland a malignancy must be confirmed or excluded as soon as possible. Up to now, non- and minimal-invasive methods do not yield this information. For fine needle aspirate biopsies (FNABs), analysis by a specialized cytologist yields subjective and qualitative but not objective and quantitative data. LSC is a semi-automated microscope-based technology and offers ideal prerequisites for the analysis of specimens fixed on a slide. We have established an assay for FNABs from parotid gland tumors. Cells are stained for cytokeratin and DNA. The analysis quantitatively determines the ploidy of the cells and the degree of condensation of the DNA; on this basis the percentage of cells undergoing mitosis can be determined. Subsequently the cells are stained by H&E and are re-localized on the slide at their fixed position. Micrographs are taken for objective documentation of the cells' morphology. Using this assay FNABs from parotid gland tumors were analyzed; tumors that were diagnosed as benign by routine histopathology showed no aneuploidy whereas malignant tumors were aneuploid. This preliminary study demonstrates the capacities of LSC for minimal-invasive assays yielding quantitative and objective data.

  19. Use of CT-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy in epidermal growth factor receptor mutation analysis in patients with advanced lung cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhuang, Yi-Ping; Wang, Hai-Yan; Zhang, Jin; Feng, Yong (Dept. of Radiology, Jiangsu Cancer Inst. and Hospital, Nanjing, Jiangsu (China)), email: yipingzhuang2010@sina.com; Shi, Mei-Qi (Dept. of Chemotherapy, Jiangsu Cancer Inst. and Hospital, Nanjing, Jiangsu (China))

    2011-12-15

    Background. The safety of using a cutting needle when performing a core-needle biopsy is of major concern, in particular for small lung tumors or tumors near the hilum. Purpose. To investigate the usefulness of CT-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of the lung in obtaining tumor tissue for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation analysis in advanced lung cancer patients. Material and Methods. Forty-three patients with stage IIIB-IV lung cancer were enrolled. In all patients, CT-guided FNAB was performed using an 18-gauge or 20-gauge Chiba aspiration needle for histology diagnosis and EGFR mutation analysis. Complications associated with CT-guided FNAB were observed, and the specimen mutational assessments were recorded. Results. The obtained tumor samples ranged from 0.5-1.5 cm in length and were adequate for histological and DNA analyses in all patients. No patient had a pneumothorax or hemoptysis. Minor needle tract bleeding appeared in eight patients. Mutation analysis was satisfactorily demonstrated in 23 mutations and 20 non-mutations. Ten and 13 mutations were identified by 18-gauge and 20-gauge needle biopsies, respectively. EFGR mutations, including 12 cases of EGFR exon 19 deletion and 11 cases of exon 21 point mutation, were present in 21 patients with adenocarcinomas, one with squamous cell carcinoma, and one with undifferentiated carcinoma. Conclusion. CT-guided FNAB is a feasible and safe technique for obtaining lung tumor tissues for EGFR gene mutation analysis

  20. Histological diagnosis of gastric submucosal tumors: A pilot study of endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy vs mucosal cutting biopsy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hisatomo; Ikehara; Zhaoliang; Li; Jiro; Watari; Masato; Taki; Tomohiro; Ogawa; Takahisa; Yamasaki; Takashi; Kondo; Fumihiko; Toyoshima; Tomoaki; Kono; Katsuyuki; Tozawa; Yoshio; Ohda; Toshihiko; Tomita; Tadayuki; Oshima; Hirokazu; Fukui; Ikuo; Matsuda; Seiichi; Hirota; Hiroto; Miwa

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To compare the usefulness of endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy(EUS-FNAB) without cytology and mucosal cutting biopsy(MCB) in the histological diagnosis of gastric submucosal tumor(SMT).METHODS: We prospectively compared the diagnostic yield, feasibility, and safety of EUS-FNAB and those of MCB based on endoscopic submucosal dissection. The cases of 20 consecutive patients with gastric SMT ≥1 cm in diameter. who underwent both EUS-FNAB and MCB were investigated.RESULTS: The histological diagnoses were gastrointestinal stromal tumors(n = 7), leiomyoma(n =6), schwannoma(n = 2), aberrant pancreas(n = 2), and one case each of glomus tumor, metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma, and no-diagnosis. The tumors’ mean size was 23.6 mm. Histological diagnosis was made in 65.0% of the EUS-FNABs and 60.0% of the MCBs, a nonsignificant difference. There were no significant differences in the diagnostic yield concerning the tumor location or tumor size between the two methods. However, diagnostic specimens were significantly more frequently obtained in lesions with intraluminal growth than in those with extraluminal growth by the MCB method(P = 0.01). All four SMTs with extraluminal growth were diagnosed only by EUSFNAB(P = 0.03). No complications were found in either method.CONCLUSION: MCB may be chosen as an alternative diagnostic modality in tumors showing the intraluminal growth pattern regardless of tumor size, whereas EUSFNAB should be performed for SMTs with extraluminal growth.

  1. Histopathologic Findings Related to the Indeterminate or Inadequate Results of Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy and Correlation with Ultrasonographic Findings in Papillary Thyroid Carcinomas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, So Lyung; Jung, Chan Kwon; Kim, Sung Hun; Kang, Bong Joo; Ahn, Kook Jin; Kim, Bum Soo; Ahn, Myeong Im; Im, Dong Jun; Bae, Ja Sung; Chung, Soo Kyo [Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-04-15

    To determine histopathologic findings related to the indeterminate or inadequate result of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) in papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs) and to correlate histopathological findings with ultrasonographic features of tumors. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of FNAB, histopathologic characteristics, and sonographic findings of the solid portion of 95 PTCs in 95 patients. All cases were pathologically confirmed by surgery. Histopathologic characteristics were analyzed for tumor distribution, microcystic changes, fibrosis, and tumor component. We assumed several histopathologic conditions to be the cause of indeterminate or inadequate results of FNAB, including: 1) an uneven tumor distribution, 2) > 30% microcystic changes, 3) > 30% fibrosis, and 4) < 30% tumor component. Ultrasonographic findings of each PTC were evaluated for echotexture (homogeneous or heterogeneous), echogenicity (markedly hypoechoic, hypoechoic, isoechoic, or hyperechoic), and volume of the nodule. We correlated histopathologic characteristics of the PTC with results of the FNAB and ultrasonographic findings. From 95 FNABs, 71 cases (74%) were confirmed with malignancy or suspicious malignancy (PTCs), 21 (22%) had indeterminate results (atypical cells), and three (4%) were negative for malignancy. None of the assumed variables influenced the diagnostic accuracy of FNAB. Tumor distribution and fibrosis were statistically correlated with ultrasonographic findings of the PTCs (p < 0.05). Uneven tumor distribution was related with small tumor volume, and fibrosis over 30% was correlated with homogeneous echotexture, markedly hypoechoic and hypoechoic echogenicity, and small tumor volume (p < 0.05). No histopathologic component was found to correlate with improper results of FNAB in PTCs. In contrast, two histopathologic characteristics, uneven distribution and fibrosis, were correlated with ultrasonographic findings.

  2. Tissue Harvester with Functional Valve (THFV: Shidham's device for reproducibly higher specimen yield by fine needle aspiration biopsy with easy to perform steps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basir Zainab

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB cytology has been a highly effective methodology for tissue diagnosis and for various ancillary studies including molecular tests. In addition to other benefits, FNAB predominantly retrieves the diagnostic loosely cohesive cells in the lesion as compared to the adjacent supporting stroma with relatively higher cohesiveness. However, FNAB procedure performed with currently available resources is highly skill dependent with inter-performer variability, which compromises its full potential as a diagnostic tool. In this study we report a device overcoming these limitations. Methods 'Tissue Harvester with Functional Valve' (THFV was evaluated as part of a phase 1 National Institute of Health (NIH research grant under Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR Program. Working prototypes of the device were prepared. Each of the four cytopathologists with previous cytopathology fellowship training and experience in performing FNAB evaluated 5 THFV and 5 hypodermic needles resulting in 40 specimens (20 with THFV, 20 with hypodermic needles. A piece of fresh cattle liver stuffed in latex glove was used as the specimen. Based on these results a finished design was finalized. Results The smears and cell blocks prepared from the specimens obtained by THFV were superior in terms of cellularity to specimens obtained with hypodermic needles. The tissuecrit of specimens obtained with THFV ranged from 70 to 100 μl (mean 87, SD 10, compared to 17 to 30 μl (mean 24, SD 4 with conventional hypodermic needles (p Conclusion The specimen yield with the new THFV was significantly higher when compared to hypodermic needles. Also, the FNAB procedure with THFV was relatively easier in comparison with hypodermic needles. The final version of Shidham's THFV device would improve the FNAB specimen yield by eliminating the skill factor. The increased specimen yield by this device would also facilitate wider application of

  3. Ultrathin needle (25G) aspiration lung biopsy: diagnostic accuracy and complication rates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and complication rate of 25-G fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of the lung in patients with suspected malignant focal lesions and abnormal lung function. The 25-G FNAB was performed in 123 patients who underwent prebiopsy CT and pulmonary function tests. Retrospective evaluation included pulmonary function, cytology, size of the lesion, depth of location, presence of emphysema on CT, needle passes, pneumothorax and drainage. The final diagnosis (gold standard) was based on histopathology after surgical resection or follow-up and response to treatment. Sixty-one patients had normal lung function or mild impairment (group 1) and 62 had moderate or severe impairment (group 2). Pneumothorax occurred in 26 of 126 procedures (20.6%) with drainage needed in 11 (8.7%). In group 2 pneumothorax occurred in 19 of 63 procedures (30.15%) with drainage needed in 11 (17.5%). The sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy of cytology results were 93.6, 100 and 94.4%, respectively. FEV1 (p=0.014), FEV1/FVC (p=0.005), FEF25-75 (p=0.001), DLCO (p=0.013) and presence of emphysema on CT (p<0.001) correlated with pneumothorax (Students t test). The 25-G lung FNAB is accurate and safe in diagnosing malignancy in patients with severe lung functional abnormality. Patients with moderate to severe airway obstruction have a higher prevalence of pneumothorax than patients with mild or no functional impairment

  4. Ultrathin needle (25G) aspiration lung biopsy: diagnostic accuracy and complication rates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oikonomou, A.; Matzinger, F.R.; Seely, J.M.; Dennie, C.J. [Ottawa Hospital, ON (Canada). Dept. of Radiology; Macleod, P.J. [Ottawa Hospital, ON (Canada). Dept. of Respirology

    2004-03-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and complication rate of 25-G fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of the lung in patients with suspected malignant focal lesions and abnormal lung function. The 25-G FNAB was performed in 123 patients who underwent prebiopsy CT and pulmonary function tests. Retrospective evaluation included pulmonary function, cytology, size of the lesion, depth of location, presence of emphysema on CT, needle passes, pneumothorax and drainage. The final diagnosis (gold standard) was based on histopathology after surgical resection or follow-up and response to treatment. Sixty-one patients had normal lung function or mild impairment (group 1) and 62 had moderate or severe impairment (group 2). Pneumothorax occurred in 26 of 126 procedures (20.6%) with drainage needed in 11 (8.7%). In group 2 pneumothorax occurred in 19 of 63 procedures (30.15%) with drainage needed in 11 (17.5%). The sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy of cytology results were 93.6, 100 and 94.4%, respectively. FEV1 (p=0.014), FEV1/FVC (p=0.005), FEF25-75 (p=0.001), DLCO (p=0.013) and presence of emphysema on CT (p<0.001) correlated with pneumothorax (Students t test). The 25-G lung FNAB is accurate and safe in diagnosing malignancy in patients with severe lung functional abnormality. Patients with moderate to severe airway obstruction have a higher prevalence of pneumothorax than patients with mild or no functional impairment.

  5. Should fine needle aspiration biopsy be the first pathological investigation in the diagnosis of a bone lesion? An algorithmic approach with review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrotra Ravi

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB is gaining increasing popularity in the diagnosis of musculoskeletal lesions; and in many patients, a definitive diagnosis can be rendered from aspiration smears alone. Its applicability in bone pathology, however, has been controversial due to a high percentage of inadequate smears, difficulty in evaluation of tissue architecture and nonspecific results in the diagnosis of primary bone lesions. In this study, the value of aspiration as the first pathological investigation in the diagnosis of a bone lesion was evaluated. Methods 91 cases of clinically suspected cases of bone lesions were aspirated over a period of two years. Direct or cytospin smears were fixed in 95% alcohol and stained by Hematoxylin and Eosin or air-dried and later fixed in methanol for May Grŭnwald Giemsa staining. Results Of the 91 patients who were subjected to FNAB, 81 were considered satisfactory and 10.9 % (10 were inadequateinconclusive for diagnosis. Cyto-histological concordance was obtained in 78.5 % (51/65 patients. Positive and negative predictive values were 87.5% and 97.2 % respectively. Sensitivity as a preliminary diagnostic technique was 93.3%, whereas specificity was 94.5 %. Overall, diagnostic accuracy was 94.2 %. Metastatic lesions were detected with 100% accuracy. Two cases were reported as false positive and one case as false negative. Conclusion Cytology provides valuable information to the clinician to make an informed decision regarding appropriate therapy. We conclude that time-consuming and costly investigations may be reduced by choosing FNAB as the initial pathological diagnostic method for skeletal lesions of unknown origin. The choice of radiological examinations, laboratory tests and surgical biopsies can be determined after the FNAB diagnosis.

  6. Ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration biopsy of parathyroid gland and lesions

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    Dimashkieh Haytham

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Parathyroid gland and their tumors comprise a small proportion of non-palpable neck masses that are investigated by ultrasound (US guided fine needle aspiration biopsy. We reviewed our institution's cases of US guided FNAB of parathyroid gland and their lesions to determine the role of cytology for the preoperative diagnosis of parathyroid gland and their lesions. Method All cases of FNAB of parathyroid gland and lesions in the last 10 years were reviewed in detail with respect to clinical history and correlated with the histopathologic findings in available cases. The cytologic parameters that were evaluated included cellularity assessed semiquantitatively as scant, intermediate or abundant (500 cells, cellular distribution (loose clusters, single cells/naked nuclei, rounded clusters, two- and three-dimensional clusters, and presence of prominent vascular proliferation, cellular characteristics (cell size, nuclear shape, presence/absence of a nucleolus, degree of mitosis, amount of cytoplasm, and appearance of nuclear chromatin, and background (colloid-like material and macrophages. Immunostaining for parathyroid hormone (PTH was performed on selected cases using either destained Pap smears or cell block sections. Results Twenty cases of US-guided FNAB of parathyroid glands and their lesions including 13 in the expected locations in the neck, 3 in intrathyroid region, 3 in thyroid bed, and 1 metastatic to liver were studied. Majority of the cases showed intermediate cellularity (51–500 cells with round to oval cells that exhibited a stippled nuclear chromatin, without significant pleomorphism or mitotic activity. The cells were arranged in loose two dimensional groups with many single cells/naked nuclei around the groups. Occasionally macrophages and colloid like material was also encountered. There was no significant difference in the cytomorphologic features between normal gland, hyperplasia adenoma, or carcinoma

  7. Ultrasound-Guided Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy of Thyroid Nodules Smaller Than 5 mm in the Maximum Diameter: Assessment of Efficacy and Pathological Findings

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    Kim, Dong Wook; Park, Auh Whan; Lee, Eun Joo; Choo, Hye Jung; Kim, Sang Hyo; Lee, Sang Hyub; Eom, Jae Wook [Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-10-15

    The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of the use of an ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB) to diagnose thyroid nodules smaller than 5 mm in the maximum diameter and to evaluate pathological findings of small thyroid malignancies. From May 2007 to April 2008, we evaluated the findings of US-FNABs of small thyroid nodules less than 5 mm in the maximum diameter. The cytopathological findings were retrospectively reviewed and the diagnostic performance of the use of an US-FNAB was examined in all patients. Of 201 small thyroid nodules in 180 patients, there were 162 adequate specimens (81%). Among 180 patients, 75 patients underwent thyroid surgery and 50 malignant and 33 benign nodules were identified based on a pathological examination. All small malignant thyroid nodules were identified as papillary thyroid microcarcinomas (PTMCs). There were 34 (55%) true positive, 0 (0%) false positive, 23 (37%) true negative and five (8%) false negative results for malignancy after performing a first US-FNAB in 62 surgically confirmed nodules. The sensitivity (87%), specificity (100%), positive predictive value (100%), negative predictive value (82%), accuracy (92%), false positive rate (0%) and false negative rate (8%) for an US-FNAB were determined. In 23 patients with a primary PTMC, capsular invasion (9%, 2 of 23), a perithyroidal lymph node metastasis (30%, 7 of 23), the rate of multifocality (9%, 2 of 23) and bilaterality (4%, 1 of 23) were also determined. An US-FNAB of thyroid nodules smaller than 5 mm in the maximum diameter is an effective diagnostic procedure.

  8. Fine-needle aspiration cytology in the management of salivary gland tumors: an Australian experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stow, Nicholas; Veivers, David; Poole, Alan

    2004-02-01

    We conducted a retrospective study of 104 cases of salivary gland tumors that were initially assessed by fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). Based on subsequent histopathologic analysis of excised specimens, we found that preoperative FNAB was highly sensitive and specific for both benign and malignant tumors-including the most common, pleomorphic adenomas and squamous cell carcinomas, respectively. Despite its possible drawbacks, we conclude that preoperative FNAB is a useful tool in the management of salivary gland tumors. PMID:15008447

  9. Granzyme expression in fine-needle aspirates from liver allografts is increased during acute rejection

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuijf, M L; Kwekkeboom, Jaap; Kuijpers, Marianne A; Willems, Marc; Zondervan, Pieter E; Niesters, Hubert G M; Hop, Wim C J; Hack, C Erik; Paavonen, Timo; Höckerstedt, Krister; Tilanus, Hugo W; Lautenschlager, Irmeli; Metselaar, Herold J; Kuijf, Mark M L

    2002-01-01

    We investigated whether determination in fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) specimens of cells expressing granzymes (Grs) and Fas ligand would provide a reliable, easy, and quantitative measure of rejection activity in the transplanted liver. Retrospectively, 13 FNAB specimens obtained during clin

  10. Abdominal masses in the pediatric age. Characterization by CT guided fine needle aspiration biopsy; Masse addominali nell'eta' pediatrica. Caratterizzazione mediante biopsia computerizzata con ago sottile guidata con Tomografia Computerizzata

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    Marano, I.; Soscia, E.; Salvatore, M. [Naples Univ. Federico 2. (Italy). Dipt. di Scienze Biomorfologiche e Fuzionali, Cattedra di Radiologia

    1999-04-01

    CT-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is known to improve diagnosis of expansive abdominal lesions, especially relative to more invasive procedure like explorative laparotomy. FNAB in not commonly use in pediatric patients because of their poor collaboration and of associated risks. The authors investigated the feasibility of FNAB in the pediatric age. [Italian] Sono noti i vantaggi che la biopsia percutanea con ago sottile guidato con TC puo' apportare per la diagnosi delle lesioni espansive addominali, soprattutto se confrontata con procedure piu' invasive come la laparatomia esplorativa. Questo tipo di metodica e' attalmente poco utilizzato nel caso di pazienti pediatrici a causa della scarsa collaborazione e dei rischi associati. Gli autori valutano l'applicabilita' di tale procedura nell'eta' pediatrica alla luce delle propria esperienza.

  11. APPLICATION OF LIQUID-BASED CYTOLOGY TO FINE-NEEDLE ASPIRATION BIOPSIES OF THE THYROID GLAND

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    Guido eFadda

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available FNAB (fine-needle aspiration biopsy is regarded as an important tool for diagnosing thyroid lesions because of its simplicity, safety and cost-effectiveness. Its role in correctly characterizing the group of indeterminate lesions or follicular-patterned neoplasms (FN might be more decisive. LBC (Liquid-based cytology is a technique based on the use of a semi-automated device that has gained popularity as a method of collecting and processing both gynecologic and non-gynecologic cytologic specimens. It achieves a diagnostic sensitivity as accurate as conventional preparations especially for its excellent cell preservation and for the lack of background which decrease the amount of inadequate diagnoses. Moreover, the cellular material which has been stored in the preservative solution could be effectively used for the application of immunocytochemical and molecular techniques used especially for the Follicular proliferations . In many cases the cytologic features are similar in both methods but the colloid film and the lymphocytic component are more easily evaluated on direct smears whereas nuclear details and colloid globules are better evaluated in LBC slides. The LBC processed biopsies represent a valid alternative to conventional cytology. The possibility of applying special techniques enhance the efficacy of the cytological diagnosis of thyroid lesions.

  12. Fine-Needle Aspirates CYFRA 21-1 is a Useful Tumor Marker for Detecting Axillary Lymph Node Metastasis in Breast Cancer Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Jung Hyun Yoon; Kyung Hwa Han; Eun-Kyung Kim; Hee Jung Moon; Min Jung Kim; Young Joo Suh; Ji Soo Choi; Byeong-Woo Park

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: To assess whether the value of CYFRA21-1 in the aspirates of ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB) can contribute to improving the performances of US-FNAB in the diagnosis of axillary lymph node (LN) metastasis in breast cancer patients. METHODS: US-FNAB was performed in 156 axillary LNs in 152 breast cancer patients (mean age: 51.4 years, range: 17-92 years). Concentrations of CYFRA21-1 were measured from washouts of the syringe used during US-FNAB. Tum...

  13. Diagnostic accuracy and complication rate of CT-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy of lung lesions: A study based on the experience of the cytopathologist

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    Massimiliano Priola, Adriano; Priola, Sandro Massimo; Cataldi, Aldo; Paze, Francesco (Dept. of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Univ. of Turin, S. Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Turin (Italy)), e-mail: adriano.priola@inwind.it; Di Franco, Marisa (Dept. of Pharmacology, S. Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Orbassano, Turin (Italy)); Marci, Valerio (Dept. of Pathology, S. Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Orbassano, Turin (Italy)); Berruti, Alfredo (Dept. of Oncology, S. Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Orbassano, Turin (Italy))

    2010-06-15

    Background: CT-guided transthoracic needle biopsy is a well-established technique for the diagnosis of focal lung lesions. Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) requires the presence of a cytopathologist on-site to assess the adequacy of samples. For this reason FNAB is less and less used, and core biopsy is the first-line procedure when an experienced cytopathologist is not immediately available. Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy and complication rate of CT-guided FNAB of lung lesions according to the experience of the cytopathologist on-site. Material and Methods: A total of 321 consecutive biopsies were considered. Immediate cytological assessment was performed by an experienced cytopathologist for the first 165 procedures (group A) and by two training pathologists for the remaining 156 biopsies (group B). At the time of FNAB the pathologist assigned a semiquantitative score (0-3) to each specimen to assess its diagnostic quality. All variables between the two groups were analyzed by chi-square and Student's t test. A P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: For all procedures, overall diagnostic accuracy was 80% for cytology alone, with no statistical difference between the two groups for diagnostic accuracy and sample score assigned. In all, 75% of the cytological samples (75% group A, 74% group B) obtained a higher score with a specific diagnosis of histotype. A post biopsy pneumothorax was detected in 27% of biopsies (25% group A, 28% group B). Thirteen patients (4.0%) required chest tube insertion for treatment. For all cases, the pneumothorax rate was significantly affected by the number of samples obtained (P=0.02), but not by the pleural punctures (P=0.15). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups concerning the number of needle passes and complication rate (P>0.05). Conclusion: The efficacy and safety of CT-guided FNAB is not significantly affected by the training level of the cytopathologist

  14. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of fibromatoses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raab, S S; Silverman, J F; McLeod, D L; Benning, T L; Geisinger, K R

    1993-01-01

    Fibromatoses form a spectrum of clinicopathologic entities characterized by the infiltrative proliferation of fibroblasts that lack malignant cytologic features. Fibromatoses present as nodular soft tissue masses almost anywhere in the body and thus are often amenable to fine needle aspiration (FNA). This report describes the FNA cytologic findings of fibromatosis in six patients ranging in age from 7 1/2 weeks to 36 years. Two of the lesions arose in the abdominal wall (musculoaponeurotic fibromatosis or extra-abdominal desmoid), and one each involved the plantar surface (Ledderhose's disease), the shoulder and the sternocleidomastoid muscle (Fibromatosis coli). The FNA of the shoulder was initially interpreted as nodular fasciitis due to the clinical presentation of a rapidly growing mass; an aspirate from the deep musculoaponeurotic region was believed to reveal a low grade sarcoma. The FNA diagnosis of musculoaponeurotic fibromatosis in a patient with familial polyposis coli suggested the diagnosis of Gardner's syndrome. Cytologically the aspirates consisted of groups of loosely cohesive, bland-appearing, spindle-shaped cells having oval to elongated nuclei and cytoplasmic tags. Individual spindle cells and rare inflammatory cells were also present. The aspirate of fibromatosis coli also contained degenerating skeletal muscle cells. Tissue confirmation was obtained in four cases. We believe that FNA is a useful procedure for the initial and recurrent diagnosis of fibromatoses and in the separation of fibromatoses from other benign and malignant soft tissue lesions. A discussion of other entities that enter into the cytologic differential diagnosis, such as mesenchymal repair, fasciitis and spindle cell types of sarcoma, is presented. From our experience we believe that the clinicopathologic features can suggest the diagnosis of fibromatosis, but histologic confirmation is recommended.

  15. Cervical lymph node metastases from thyroid cancer: does thyroglobulin and calcitonin measurement in fine needle aspirates improve the diagnostic value of cytology?

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    Baldini Enke

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Measurement of thyroglobulin (Tg protein in the washout of the needle used for fine needle aspiration biopsy cytology (FNAB-C has been shown to increase the sensitivity of FNAB-C in identifying cervical lymph node (CLN metastasis from well-differentiated thyroid cancer (TC. In this study, we evaluated whether routine measurement of Tg protein (FNAB-Tgp, Tg mRNA (FNAB-Tgm and calcitonin (CT mRNA (FNAB-CTm in the FNAB washout of CLN increases the accuracy of FNAB-C in the diagnosis of suspicious metastatic CLN. Methods In this prospective study 35 CLN from 28 patients were examined. Histology showed metastatic papillary TC (PTC in 26 CLN, metastatic medullary TC (MTC in 3 CLN, metastatic anaplastic TC (ATC in 3 CLN and 3 metastatic CLN from extra-thyroidal cancers. Results The overall accuracy of FNAB-C was 84.4%, reaching 95.7% when the analysis was restricted to PTC. Both FNAB-Tgp and FNAB-Tgm compared favorably with FNAB-C and shown diagnostic performances not statistically different from that of FNAB-C. However, FNAB-Tgp and FNAB-Tgm/FNAB-CTm were found useful in cases in which cytology results were inadequate or provided diagnosis inconsistent with patient's clinical parameters. Conclusions We demonstrated that FNAB-C, Tg/CT mRNA and Tg protein determination in the fine-needle washout showed similar accuracy in the diagnosis of metastatic CLN from TC. The results of this study suggest that samples for Tg protein and Tg/CT mRNA measurements from CLN suspicious for metastatic TC should be collected, but their measurements should be restricted to cases in which FNAB-C provides uninformative or inconsistent diagnosis with respect to patient's clinical parameters.

  16. Low coherence interferometry approach for aiding fine needle aspiration biopsies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Ernest W.; Gardecki, Joseph; Pitman, Martha; Wilsterman, Eric J.; Patel, Ankit; Tearney, Guillermo J.; Iftimia, Nicusor

    2014-11-01

    We present portable preclinical low-coherence interference (LCI) instrumentation for aiding fine needle aspiration biopsies featuring the second-generation LCI-based biopsy probe and an improved scoring algorithm for tissue differentiation. Our instrument and algorithm were tested on 38 mice with cultured tumor mass and we show the specificity, sensitivity, and positive predictive value of tumor detection of over 0.89, 0.88, and 0.96, respectively.

  17. Stromal tissue as an adjunct tool in the diagnosis of follicular thyroid lesions by fine-needle aspiration biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mai, Kien T.; Hogan, Kevin

    2016-01-01

    Background: The stroma in fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of thyroid lesions has not been well investigated. Design: We studied 256 consecutive cases of thyroid FNAB prepared with traditional smear technique. The stroma was categorized: Type 1a consisted of long (more than 3 mm), broad bands composed of mesh containing collagen fibrils thickened by entrapped blood components and follicular cells. Type 1b consisted of dense strands/bands. Type 2 was similar to Type 1a but with shorter (papillary architectures or fragments of capsule. Type 1b stroma likely represented thick/collagenized fibrous septae. Incomplete or complete rings of small encapsulated tumor were occasionally identified. These frameworks of stroma were frequently associated with multinodular goiters (MNGs) which are often hypocellular and follicular neoplasms/papillary thyroid carcinoma with increased cellularity. Type 2 was associated with microfollicles in encapsulated neoplasms or with macrofollicles in MNG. Follicular lesions of unknown significance (n = 41) either negative (n = 26) or positive (n = 15) for carcinoma in subsequent follow-up were frequently associated with stroma characteristic of MNG and carcinoma, respectively. Conclusion: The preservation of the in vivo architecture of Type 1 is likely due to its elasticity. Recognition of the stromal architecture will likely facilitate the diagnosis. PMID:27651822

  18. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy. When is it most beneficial?

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    Peterson, I M; Brink, W J

    1990-09-01

    When fine-needle aspiration biopsy is done skillfully, it is an accurate, efficient, and cost-effective method for diagnosing many diseases in selected patients. This article describes its uses for palpable masses of the thyroid, breast, and peripheral lymph nodes and some nonpalpable lesions. The authors also discuss its advantages and disadvantages and technical considerations that affect accuracy. PMID:2399196

  19. Thyroid nodules with nondiagnostic results on repeat fine-needle aspiration biopsy: which nodules should be considered for repeat biopsy or surgery rather than follow-up?

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    Na Lae Eun

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The goal of this study was to assess the clinicopathologic and ultrasonographic features of thyroid nodules with nondiagnostic results on repeat ultrasonography (US-guided fineneedle aspiration biopsy (FNAB according to size and the number of suspicious findings and to determine the proper management of nodules with consecutive nondiagnostic results. Methods: This retrospective study included 297 nodules with nondiagnostic results on repeat FNAB that were evaluated by US over the course of at least 12 months of follow-up, a follow-up biopsy, or an operation. We compared clinical and US variables between benign and malignant nodules in thyroid nodules with repeat nondiagnostic results. Results: The comparison of benign and malignant nodules with repeat nondiagnostic results revealed that age, marked hypoechogenicity, irregular or microlobulated margins, microcalcifications, and nonparallel shape were significantly associated with malignancy. Multivariate logistic regression analysis in malignant nodules revealed that microcalcifications and irregular or microlobulated margins were independently associated with malignancy. Among them, only irregular or microlobulated margins were independently significant as a predictor of malignancy in repeatedly nondiagnostic nodules measuring >10 mm. Using receiver operating characteristic analysis, the best cutoff value for the “number of suspicious findings” between benign and malignant nodules was three in nodules of all sizes, three in nodules measuring ≤10 mm, and two in nodules measuring >10 mm. Conclusion: Irregular or microlobulated margins may be the most frequent US features in repeatedly nondiagnostic nodules >10 mm. The presence of “two or more suspicious findings” can be used as the cutoff for distinguishing benign and malignant nodules.

  20. Predictive value of intratumoral heterogeneity of F-18 FDG uptake for characterization of thyroid nodules according to Bethesda categories of fine needle aspiration biopsy results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Seong-Jang; Chang, Samuel

    2015-12-01

    The current study was aimed to investigate the clinical value of intratumoral heterogeneity of F-18 FDG uptake for characterization of thyroid nodule (TN) with inconclusive fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) results. The current study enrolled 200 patients who showed F-18 FDG incidentaloma and were performed FNAB. The intratumoral heterogeneity of F-18 FDG uptake was represented as the heterogeneity factor (HF), defined as the derivative (dV/dT) of a volume-threshold function for a primary tumor. The diagnostic and predictive values of HF and F-18 FDG PET/CT parameters were evaluated for characterization of inconclusive FNAB results. Among F-18 FDG PET/CT parameters, SUVmax, MTV, and TLG of malignant group were statistically higher than those of Bethesda category of suspicious malignant group. However, HF values were not statistically different between the groups of Bethesda categories (Kruskal-Wallis statistics, 9.924; p = 0.0774). In ROC analysis, when HF > 2.751 was used as cut-off value, the sensitivity and specificity for prediction of malignant TN were 100 % (95 % CI 69.2-100 %) and 60 % (95 % CI 42.1-76.1 %), respectively. The AUC was 0.826 (95 % CI 0.684-0.922) and standard error was 0.0648 (p F-18 FDG uptake represented by HF could be a predictor for characterization of TN with inconclusive FNAB results. Additional large population-based prospective studies are needed to validate the diagnostic utility of HF of F-18 FDG PET/CT.

  1. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of intraoral and oropharyngeal mass lesions

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    Saleh Husain A

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fine needle aspiration (FNA biopsy has been rarely used in oral and oropharyngeal lesions. The goal of this study was to assess the value and accuracy of FNA biopsy in the diagnosis of oral and oropharyngeal lesions particularly in regards to discriminating benign from malignant tumors. Methods Sixteen cases of FNA biopsies obtained of various intraoral and oropharyngeal masses or lesions performed at our institution during the eight-year period from 1998 to 2006 were retrospectively reviewed. The aspiration cytologic diagnoses were correlated with the histologic examination of the corresponding resected lesions. Results Sixteen cases of intraoral lesions evaluated by FNA biopsies during the period of 1998–2006 were reviewed. The sites of involvement were: lip 1, maxillary sinus 3, pharynx/oropharynx 5, floor of mouth 4, buccal mucosa 2 and peritonsillar area 1. Patients' age ranged from 30 to 87 with an average of 54 years. Male to female ratio was 1:3. Cytologically, 7 cases were diagnosed as suspicious/malignant, and 9 cases as benign (including 6 benign neoplasm, 1 atypical, and 2 reactive or "descriptive". Fifteen cases had corresponding surgical resection for histologic examination, of these, 9 cases were interpreted as malignant, and 6 as benign. There were no false positive diagnoses of malignancy on FNA. Two cases were interpreted as benign or atypical cytologically, but were found to be malignant on histologic examination. Conclusion FNA biopsy of intraoral and oropharyngeal masses is a valuable procedure for the initial evaluation of various lesions. It provides helpful information about these lesions and avoids hasty or unnecessary surgical biopsy. It is a rapid and relatively noninvasive procedure. Furthermore, aspiration biopsy is an important tool in the diagnosis and management of these lesions, both neoplastic and non-neoplastic, and can be sometimes complemented by ancillary studies for more accurate

  2. Metastatic tumor: the complementary role of the marrow aspirate and biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atac, B; Lawrence, C; Goldberg, S N

    1991-10-01

    To determine whether bone marrow aspiration or biopsy is more sensitive in the detection of nonhematologic metastatic involvement of marrow, all 1569 consecutive paired biopsy and aspirate samples obtained between January 1975 and January 1, 1986 in an 800 bed municipal hospital were reviewed. At least eight aspirate slides and 10 biopsy cross sections were examined for each pair. In 39 samples, both biopsy and aspirate identified metastatic tumor. No biopsies contained tumor that was not also seen on the aspirate. However, five aspirate slides contained metastatic malignancies not identified on biopsy. The hematologist or oncologist viewing individual cells in a monolayer at 1000 x magnification has the advantage of identifying very small clusters of tumor cells. That accounted for three of the five positive aspirate samples in which the biopsies were negative. The other two positive aspirate slides each contained tumor on only one of eight slides. The results of our study indicate that when carefully reviewed, the aspirate is at least as sensitive as the marrow biopsy for identifying metastatic tumor. Our results indicate that marrow aspirates and biopsies are useful and complementary examinations for identifying metastatic malignancy. PMID:1928232

  3. Percutaneous needle aspiration biopsy of localized pulmonary lesions

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    Im, Chung Kie; Lim, Duck; Park, Jae Hyung; Ham, Eui Keun [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1984-12-15

    Over a period of recent two years, 100 patients who had localized pulmonary lesions and underwent percutaneous needle aspiration and biopsy, were analyzed. There were 56 malignancies and 44 benign lesions. The diagnostic accuracy of malignancy including specific cell type and benign disease are 89% and 79% respectively. Differentiation of malignancy vs. benignity was possible in 89% of cases obviating unnecessary exploratory thoracotomy for diagnostic purpose. Five cases were misinterpreted and eight cases were non-diagnostic on cytology. Inadequate material was obtained in two cases; one was due to hardness of the mass, which, later, confirmed as chondrosarcoma, and the other was too small (0.8 X 1.0 cm) to be visible on lateral view. The obtainability of the tissue was 98%. 14 (14%) patients developed pneumothorax; one of them required treatment and remainder showed spontaneous resporption. (Transient neglibigle blood tinged sputum was found in 16 (16%) cases). The method, problems and complication are discussed. Authors recommend the percutaneous needle aspiration and biopsy as the initial procedure in diagnostic work up of pulmonary coin lesions, especially when they are smaller, more peripheral and metastatic neoplasm is suspected.

  4. Percutaneous needle aspiration biopsy of localized pulmonary lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over a period of recent two years, 100 patients who had localized pulmonary lesions and underwent percutaneous needle aspiration and biopsy, were analyzed. There were 56 malignancies and 44 benign lesions. The diagnostic accuracy of malignancy including specific cell type and benign disease are 89% and 79% respectively. Differentiation of malignancy vs. benignity was possible in 89% of cases obviating unnecessary exploratory thoracotomy for diagnostic purpose. Five cases were misinterpreted and eight cases were non-diagnostic on cytology. Inadequate material was obtained in two cases; one was due to hardness of the mass, which, later, confirmed as chondrosarcoma, and the other was too small (0.8 X 1.0 cm) to be visible on lateral view. The obtainability of the tissue was 98%. 14 (14%) patients developed pneumothorax; one of them required treatment and remainder showed spontaneous resporption. (Transient neglibigle blood tinged sputum was found in 16 (16%) cases). The method, problems and complication are discussed. Authors recommend the percutaneous needle aspiration and biopsy as the initial procedure in diagnostic work up of pulmonary coin lesions, especially when they are smaller, more peripheral and metastatic neoplasm is suspected.

  5. Analysis of the BRAFV600E Mutation in Thyroid Nodules: the Preoperative Diagnostic Role of Fine-needle Aspiration Biopsy for Patients with Papillary Thyroid Cancer and Its Impact on Patient Care

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    Yang, Ji Yeon; Hong, Hyun Sook; Lee, Eun Hye; Kim, Chul Hee; Kwak, Jeong Ja; Lee, Seung Won; Kim, Jae Wook [Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-06-15

    We wanted to evaluate the frequency of BRAFV600E mutations on the preoperative fine-needle aspiration biopsies (FNAB) of thyroid nodules and the effect of this on the accuracy of diagnosing papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). We also wanted to evaluate the influence of BRAFV600E analysis on patient care. The results of cytology and BRAFV600E mutation analysis of 190 thyroid nodules were retrospectively reviewed. The results of the cytology and BRAFV600E analysis were compared with the histopathological diagnosis for the surgically confirmed cases, and we calculated the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and the diagnostic accuracy of FNAB and combining the modalities of FNAB and BRAFV600E mutation. The frequency of BRAFV600E mutation according to age and the influence of BRAFV600E analysis on patient care were studied. The nodule size was compared between the malignant and other categories of BRAFV600E positive nodules. Seventy four percent of the PTC were BRAFV600E positive. BRAFV600E analysis increased the sensitivity, NPP and diagnostic accuracy of FNAB. Fifty percent of the BRAFV600E positive nodules with other than malignant cytology received surgery and these were confirmed to be PTC. The frequency of BRAFV600E mutation increased with age, which was statistically significant. There was a statistically significant difference in the nodule size between the cytologically malignant nodules and the other nodules. BRAFV600E analysis increased the diagnostic accuracy of FNAB and it should be considered as being complementary to cytological analysis. The frequency of the BRAFV600E mutation increased with age. The size of the malignant nodules was larger than that of the benign nodules

  6. Thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy and thyroid cancer diagnosis: a nationwide population-based study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li-Ying Huang

    Full Text Available Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine gland malignancy and fine-needle aspiration biopsy is widely used for thyroid nodule evaluation. Repeated aspiration biopsies are needed due to plausible false-negative results. This study aimed to investigate the overall relationship between aspiration biopsy and thyroid cancer diagnosis, and to explore factors related to shorter diagnostic time.This nationwide retrospective cohort study retrieved data from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database in Taiwan. Subjects without known thyroid malignancies and who received the first thyroid aspiration biopsy after 2004 were followed-up from 2004 to 2009 (n = 7700. Chi-square test, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, and Cox proportional hazards model were used for data analysis.Of 7700 newly-aspirated patients, 276 eventually developed thyroid cancer (malignancy rate 3.6%. Among the 276 patients with thyroid cancer, 61.6% underwent only one aspiration biopsy and 81.2% were found within the first year after the initial aspiration. Cox proportional hazards model revealed that aspiration frequency (HR 1.07, 95% CI 1.06-1.08, ultrasound frequency (HR 1.02, 95% CI 1.01-1.03, older age, male sex, and aspiration biopsies arranged by surgery, endocrinology or otolaryngology subspecialties were all associated with shorter time to thyroid cancer diagnosis.About 17.4% of thyroid cancer cases received more than two aspiration biopsies and 18.8% were diagnosed one year after the first biopsy. Regular follow-up with repeated aspiration or ultrasound may be required for patients with clinically significant thyroid nodules.

  7. Usefulness of Core Needle Biopsy for Thyroid Nodules with Macrocalcifications: Comparison with Fine-Needle Aspiration

    OpenAIRE

    Yi, Kyung Sik; Kim, Ji-Hoon; Na, Dong Gyu; Seo, Hyobin; Min, Hye Sook; Won, Jae-Kyung; Yun, Tae Jin; Ryoo, Inseon; Kim, Su Chin; Choi, Seung Hong; Sohn, Chul-Ho

    2015-01-01

    Background: This study was performed to determine the benefits of core needle biopsy (CNB), as compared with fine-needle aspiration (FNA), for the diagnosis of thyroid nodules with macrocalcifications.

  8. Aspiration biopsy in the context of the new Medicare fiscal policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaminsky, D B

    1984-01-01

    The new Medicare legislation requires hospital reimbursement on a per case, rather than cost per test, basis. This policy emphasizes selectivity in hospitalization, increased efficiency in diagnosis and therapy and abbreviated hospital stays. Aspiration biopsy is discussed as a procedure that responds to needs stimulated by fiscal demands, with particular attention given to cost containment and outpatient care and aspiration biopsy's value as a vehicle that ensures high-quality medical care. PMID:6428110

  9. MDCT-Guided Transthoracic Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Lung Using the Transscapular Approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study is to report our preliminary experience using MDCT-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy using the transscapular approach in the upper posterolateral lung nodules, an area that it is difficult or hazardous to reach with the conventional approach. Five patients underwent CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy of the lung via the transscapular approach. A coaxial needle technique was used in all patients. Biopsy was successful in all patients. No major complications were encountered. One patient developed a minimal pneumothorax next to the lesion immediately after biopsy, which resolved spontaneously. MDCT-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy of the lung via the transscapular approach is an effective and safe procedure that reduces the risk of pneumothorax in selected patients.

  10. FNAB cytology of extra-cranial metastasis of glioblastoma multiforme may resemble a lung primary: A diagnostic pitfall

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dincer HE

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background As extra-cranial metastasis of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM is rare, it may create a diagnostic dilemma especially during interpretation of fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB cytology. Case presentation We present transbronchial FNAB findings in a 62-year-old smoker with lung mass clinically suspicious for a lung primary. The smears of transbronchial FNAB showed groups of cells with ill-defined cell margins and cytological features overlapping with poorly differentiated non-small cell carcinoma. The tumor cells demonstrated lack of immunoreactivity for cytokeratin, thyroid transcription factor-1, and usual neuroendocrine markers, synaptophysin and chromogranin in formalin-fixed cellblock sections. However, they were immunoreactive for the other neuroendocrine immunomarker, CD56, suggesting neural nature of the cells. Further scrutiny of clinical details revealed a history of GBM, 13 months status-post surgical excision with radiation therapy and systemic chemotherapy. The tumor recurred 7 months earlier and was debulked surgically and with intra-cranial chemotherapy. Additional evaluation of tumor cells for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP immunoreactivity with clinical details resulted in final interpretation of metastatic GBM. Conclusion Lack of clinical history and immunophenotyping may lead to a diagnostic pitfall with possible misinterpretation of metastatic GBM as poorly differentiated non-small cell carcinoma of lung in a smoker.

  11. Role of Manual Aspiration in Treating Pneumothorax after Computed Tomography-Guided Lung Biopsy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Pneumothorax is the most common complication after computed tomography (CT)-guided lung biopsy. The presence of a pneumothorax per se does not complicate patient management, but an increasing pneumothorax, making chest tube placement necessary, is highly problematic. Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and limitations of simple aspiration of air from the pleural space to prevent increased pneumothorax and avoid chest tube placement in cases of pneumothorax following CT-guided lung biopsy. Material and Methods: The subjects of our study were 642 consecutive lung lesions in 594 patients for which percutaneous needle lung biopsies were performed using CT guidance. While patients were on the CT scanner table, percutaneous manual aspiration was performed in all patients with a non-small pneumothorax demonstrated on post-biopsy chest CT images. The frequency of pneumothorax, management of each such case, and factors influencing the incidence of worsening pneumothorax that finally required chest tube placement were evaluated. Results: Post-biopsy pneumothorax occurred in 243 of 642 (38%) procedures. Of the 243 cases, 112 were treated with manual aspiration immediately after biopsy. In 210 (86.4%), the pneumothorax had resolved completely on follow-up chest radiographs without chest tube placement. Only 33 patients required chest tube placement. Requirement of chest tube insertion significantly increased in parallel with the degree of pneumothorax as shown on post-biopsy CT images. The rate of chest tube insertion was statistically higher in subjects with values for aspirated air above 543 ml. Conclusion: Percutaneous manual aspiration of biopsy-induced pneumothorax performed immediately after biopsy may prevent worsening of pneumothorax and avoid chest tube placement. The amount of aspirated air can be predictive of the requirement for chest tube placement

  12. Role of Manual Aspiration in Treating Pneumothorax after Computed Tomography-Guided Lung Biopsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamagami, T.; Terayama, K.; Yoshimatsu, R.; Matsumoto, T.; Miura, H.; Nishimura, T. (Dept. of Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural Univ. of Medicine, Kyoto (Japan)). e-mail: yamagami@koto.kpu-m.ac.jp

    2009-12-15

    Background: Pneumothorax is the most common complication after computed tomography (CT)-guided lung biopsy. The presence of a pneumothorax per se does not complicate patient management, but an increasing pneumothorax, making chest tube placement necessary, is highly problematic. Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and limitations of simple aspiration of air from the pleural space to prevent increased pneumothorax and avoid chest tube placement in cases of pneumothorax following CT-guided lung biopsy. Material and Methods: The subjects of our study were 642 consecutive lung lesions in 594 patients for which percutaneous needle lung biopsies were performed using CT guidance. While patients were on the CT scanner table, percutaneous manual aspiration was performed in all patients with a non-small pneumothorax demonstrated on post-biopsy chest CT images. The frequency of pneumothorax, management of each such case, and factors influencing the incidence of worsening pneumothorax that finally required chest tube placement were evaluated. Results: Post-biopsy pneumothorax occurred in 243 of 642 (38%) procedures. Of the 243 cases, 112 were treated with manual aspiration immediately after biopsy. In 210 (86.4%), the pneumothorax had resolved completely on follow-up chest radiographs without chest tube placement. Only 33 patients required chest tube placement. Requirement of chest tube insertion significantly increased in parallel with the degree of pneumothorax as shown on post-biopsy CT images. The rate of chest tube insertion was statistically higher in subjects with values for aspirated air above 543 ml. Conclusion: Percutaneous manual aspiration of biopsy-induced pneumothorax performed immediately after biopsy may prevent worsening of pneumothorax and avoid chest tube placement. The amount of aspirated air can be predictive of the requirement for chest tube placement

  13. Management issues in breast lesions diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration and percutaneous core breast biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, Pascale; Simsir, Aylin; Cangiarella, Joan

    2006-06-01

    The use offine-needle aspiration biopsy or percutaneous core needle biopsy to diagnose breast lesions has increased during the past few decades. Although the benefits of these procedures are well known, controversies remain about the management of certain categories of breast lesions detected by these methods. This article discusses the management issues in categories of breast lesions, including papillary lesions, atypical lobular hyperplasia and lobular carcinoma in situ, and mucinous lesions diagnosed by the preoperative techniques of aspiration or core biopsy. PMID:16830962

  14. Comparison of ultrasound-guided core biopsy versus fine-needle aspiration biopsy in the evaluation of salivary gland lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douville, Nicholas J; Bradford, Carol R

    2013-11-01

    Ultrasound-guided core biopsy provides many benefits compared with fine-needle aspiration cytology and has begun to emerge as part of the diagnostic work-up for a salivary gland lesion. Although the increased potential for tumor-seeding and capsule rupture has been extensively discussed, the safety of this procedure is widely accepted based on infrequent reports of tumor-seeding. In fact, a review of the literature shows only 2 cases of salivary tumor seeding following biopsy with larger-gauge needle characteristics, with 2 reported cases of salivary tumor seeding following fine-needle aspiration cytology. However, the follow-up interval of such studies (benefits of ultrasound-guided core biopsy over fine-needle aspiration biopsy, which include both improved consistency and diagnostic accuracy, current studies lack adequate patient numbers and follow-up duration to confirm comparable safety profile to currently accepted fine-needle aspiration cytology. In this report we: (1) compare the relative benefits of each procedure, (2) review evidence regarding tumor seeding in each procedure, (3) discuss time course and patient numbers necessary to detect tumor recurrence, and (4) describe how these uncertainties should be factored into clinical considerations. PMID:23109044

  15. Thin needle aspiration biopsy in diagnosis of thyroid gland carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The increase of thyroid gland cancer in people of Belarus is one of the most actual medical problems appeared after the Chernobyl disaster. During the period 1986 -1999 in Belarus were revealed 6901 cases of cancer in the adults and 673 -in the children. Compared with the pre-disaster period the increase of the pathology has made 4.7 and 84 times correspondingly. In Magilew region during post-disaster years were revealed 899 cases of thyroid gland cancer in the adults and 34 -in the children. From the year 1998 perceptible rise of disease appeared in people over 19 years old. According to the prognosis of specialists the problem of high thyroid gland carcinoma rate will be actual for years, gradually decreasing in the children and increasing in the adults. Thyroid gland cancer promoted by radiation has very aggressive nature. According to the data of Republican science-practical thyroid gland tumors center even small carcinomas (3-9 mm) can give numerous metastasis to lymph nodes and lungs. The possibility of tumor growth to the nearest tissues is very high. That's why the early diagnostic of the pathology is important. Medical help to the patients with thyroid gland cancer and other node formations consist in the complex problem solution: early node formation revealing by ultrasonic method, early diagnosis verification with the help of cytological bio-assays examination, received by the way of the thin needle aspiration biopsy (TNAB) under ultrasonic control, surgical treatment, radio iodine therapy, rehabilitation and prophylactic medical examination. Under the problem of early thyroid carcinoma revealing they understand exact diagnostic and surgical treatment in the stages pT1, pT1a and pT1b, N0, M0. In 1993 -1999 in the diagnostic center 139,2 thousand patients were surveyed. In the pointed cases 10739 thin needle aspiration biopsies under ultrasonic control were made and the bioassays received were studied cytologically. Ultrasonic examinations and TNAB were

  16. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy for thyroid nodules: a clinical and pathological study of 782 patients%甲状腺结节细针穿刺检查782例临床病理分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡晓频; 王瑶; 佟杰; 杨兆军; 张金苹; 何一凡; 李光伟

    2010-01-01

    目的 分析甲状腺结节细针穿刺(FNAB)检查的诊断结果及其应用价值.方法 回顾性分析782例行FNAB检查患者的临床病理资料.细胞病理诊断分为6类,为未诊断、良性病变、滤泡性病变、滤泡性肿瘤、可疑恶性和恶性.对其中手术治疗的76例患者的组织病理与细胞病理进行对比,判断细针穿刺的准确性.结果 782例行FNAB检查患者中,良性病变占74.4%(582/782),恶性诊断只占2.6%(20/782),滤泡性肿瘤占5.6%(44/782),滤泡性病变、可疑恶性分别为3.2%(25/782)和2.9%(23/782),未诊断者占11.3%(88/782).76例手术患者中,组织病理诊断良性疾病占65.8%(50/76),恶性肿瘤占28.9%(22/76),良性肿瘤占5.3%(4/76).在细胞病理诊断为良性和恶性两大类中,与组织病理的符合率较高,分别为16/16和16/17.结论 甲状腺细针穿刺是甲状腺结节诊断和鉴别诊断的可靠方法.%Objective To evaluate clinical application of thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) and its diagnostic value.Methods FNAB was performed for 782 cases during 2005-2009 at China-Japan Friendship Hospital,Beijing and their clinical pathological data were retrospectively analyzed.Cytopathological diagnoses by FNAB were classified as unsatisfactory,benign,atypical cellular lesions,follicular neoplasm,suspicious malignancy and definite malignancy.Results of thyroid cytological and histological examinations of 76 patients with subsequent thyroidectomies were compared to those with FNAB to evaluate its diagnostic accuracy.Results Of 782 FNAB specimens,74.4 % (582/782) were classified as benign,2.6 % (20/782) as malignant,5.6 % (44/782) as follicular neoplasm,3.2 % (25/782) as atypical cellular lesion,2.9% (23/782) as suspicious malignancy and 11.3 % (88/782) as unsatisfactory.Among 76 patients with thyroidectomies,65.8 % of them (50/76) were histologically diagnosed as benign lesion,28.9 % (22/76) as definite malignancy and only 5.3 % (4/76) as benign follicular

  17. COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF BONE MARROW ASPIRATION AND BONE MARROW BIOPSY IN HAEMATOLOGICAL CONDITIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Netra

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXT Due to diagnostic difficulties by peripheral smear alone, evaluation of the bone marrow is required for confirmation of a suspected clinical diagnosis. AIMS To study and to correlate the bone marrow aspiration with biopsy findings. METHODS AND MATERIAL A total number of 100 cases were evaluated. Bone marrow aspiration slides were stained with Leishman stain and biopsy sections were stained with haematoxylin and eosin after decalcification. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS Chi square test to evaluate sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value. P values obtained after completion of 100 cases and Kappa value determined to know the strength of agreement between bone marrow aspiration and biopsy diagnosis. RESULTS Of the 100 cases studied, the age of the patient ranged from 4-78 years with male-to-female ratio being 1.3:1. The most common condition was anaemia (47% and the most common haematological malignancy was multiple myeloma (13%. In our institution, the incidence of multiple myeloma was found to be higher than leukemia. There was a positive correlation of 85.8%, sensitivity of bone marrow aspiration was found to be 88.5% and Negative Predictive Value (NPV was 94.4%. The p value of 0.001 was statistically significant and the Kappa value of 0.91 shows an excellent agreement between aspiration and biopsy diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS Aspiration helps to know the better morphology of the cells and biopsy to assess the cellularity, pattern of distribution of cells. Biopsy is also useful when aspiration is inadequate due to faulty technique. Hence, combined evaluation helps in accurate diagnosis and management.

  18. Progression of Infection after Surgical CT Navigation-Assisted Aspiration Biopsy of a Vertebral Abscess

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasiliki Spyropoulou

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background Context. Computed tomography- (CT- guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the vertebral body is an important tool in the diagnostic evaluation of vertebral osteomyelitis. The procedure is considered simple to perform and it is considered a safe procedure with few complications. Purpose. The purpose of this study was to describe an unusual complication due to a CT-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the vertebral body of L3, to better understand the relationship between surgical procedure and complication, and to reflect on how to avoid it. Study Design/Setting. Case report and literature review. Methods. The medical records, laboratory findings, and radiographic imaging studies of an 11-year-old boy, with an unusual complication due to a CT-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the vertebral body of L3, were reviewed. Results. We report a case of vertebral osteomyelitis of L3 caused by methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA. Following a computed tomography-guided aspiration biopsy of the vertebral body of L3, vertebral osteomyelitis rapidly progressed into the vertebral body of L4 as well as the L3-L4 disk. Conclusions. Based on the present case, one should consider that a CT-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the vertebral body may be complicated by a progression of a vertebral osteomyelitis into both the intervertebral disk and also the adjacent vertebral body.

  19. Fine-Needle Aspirate CYFRA 21-1, an Innovative New Marker for Diagnosis of Axillary Lymph Node Metastasis in Breast Cancer Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Choi, Ji Soo; Han, Kyung Hwa; Kim, Eun-Kyung; Moon, Hee Jung; Yoon, Jung Hyun; Kim, Min Jung

    2015-01-01

    Abstract To compare the value of cytokeratin fragment 21-1 (CYFRA 21-1) concentration in the fine-needle biopsy aspirates (fine needle aspirate [FNA] CYFRA 21-1) with cytopathology of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNA cytology) and to assess whether CYFRA 21-1 concentrations from ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB) specimens (FNA CYFRA 21-1) is not inferior to FNA cytology in the diagnosis of axillary lymph node (ALN) metastasis of breast cancer patients. This study rec...

  20. Comparative evaluation of bone marrow aspirate particle smears, imprints and biopsy sections.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabharwal B

    1990-10-01

    Full Text Available Comparative evaluation of bone marrow aspirate particle smears, imprints and biopsy sections was done on 30 haematological problems. Core needle biopsy of the bone marrow is a safe and useful procedure. It is a valuable diagnostic aid for measurement of marrow cellularity, metastatic tumours and fibrosis. It should not be taken as a substitute for examination of the marrow by aspiration smear but is a complementary procedure which affords several advantages. Bone marrow biopsy was of maximum utility in myelofibrosis which was diagnosed on biopsy alone. There were three additional cases with normal bone marrow aspiration in which specific diagnosis could only be made from bone marrow biopsy sections. New methodologies i.e. plastic embedding and semi thin sections of undecalcified bone marrow, can be expected to improve the cytological details of tissue obtained by biopsy. Imprint preparations obtained from biopsy can be useful in patients of malignancy but we have found them to be of limited value except in cases of dry tap.

  1. Blind aspiration biopsy versus a guided hysteroscopic technique for investigation of the endometrium in infertile women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ejzenberg, Dani; Simões, Manuel de Jesus; Pinheiro, Walter; Soares, José Maria; Serafini, Paulo Cesar; Baracat, Edmund Chada

    2016-09-01

    Embryo implantation failure and recurrent abortion are common indications for endometrial evaluation to determine the implantation window and diagnose endometrial anomalies. There are few research studies comparing the efficacy of different techniques used for endometrial sampling in infertile females during the luteal phase. Likewise, morphometric studies of the endometrium through aspiration biopsy are scant. A cross-sectional study of 30 infertile and 10 fertile females was carried out. The study participants underwent hysteroscopic and aspiration biopsies (pipelle) at the midluteal phase. Computer-assisted morphometric and pathological anatomy analyses were conducted independently by two pathologists blinded to the study. The two endometrial sampling biopsy techniques were compared through morphometric and pathological anatomy analyses using three parameters: a) the amount of material collected for the endometrial studies; b) the scope and origin of sampled materials; and c) the quality of the sample. Both biopsy techniques produced sufficient material for analysis. The directed biopsies yielded higher quality samples from targeted segments of the uterine cavity because samples were homogeneous and had no architectural distortion (pEndometritis was detected in 10% of the infertile women. Our findings suggest that hysteroscopic biopsies are superior to blinded aspiration biopsies. PMID:26806353

  2. Comparison study of procedures for aspiration of biopsy samples

    OpenAIRE

    Mendonça, Paula; Miúdo, Catarina; Leitão, Dina

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: The samples obtained from fine needle aspiration in liquid base cytology (FNAC) are often limited by scarce cellularity compared to the amount of colloid and presence of blood. Accordingly, it was important to test alternative technical procedures so as to maximize the cellularity of each sample. Objective: To compare the morphological features and cellularity of the three procedures in the FNAC cytodiagnosis of the thyroid. Methods: A total of 31 cases were each subjec...

  3. Percutaneous needle aspiration biopsy of chest lesions: effectiveness when using an 18-gauge needle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Seong Min; Jung, Gyoo Sik; Kim, So Sun; Huh, Jin Do; Joh, Young Duk; Huh, Bang [College of Medicine, Kosin National University, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-01-15

    Results of 181 percutaneous needle aspiration biopsies performed with an 18-gauge needle during a period of 3 years were analyzed to determine efficacy and safety of the procedure. Biposies were performed in patients that could not be diagnosed by bronchoscopy or sputum cytology. The biopsy procedure with 18-gauge Crown needle was guided by fluoroscopy. The biopsy specimen placed in 10% formalin solution were histologically confirmed. In 160 patients (89%), the positive diagnosis was made by percutaneous needle aspiration biopsy. There were 153 lung lesions (120 malignant and 33 benign lesions) and 7 mediastinal lesions. The diagnostic accuracy of malignant and benign disease was 91% and 80% respectively. Complications included pneumothorax (n = 11) and hemothorax (n = 1): six of them required treatment with chest tube and the remainder showed spontaneous resorption. PCNB with an 18-gauge needle provided a reliable, relatively safe diagnostic tool to establish the diagnosis of both malignant and benign chest lesions.

  4. Percutaneous needle aspiration biopsy of chest lesions: effectiveness when using an 18-gauge needle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Results of 181 percutaneous needle aspiration biopsies performed with an 18-gauge needle during a period of 3 years were analyzed to determine efficacy and safety of the procedure. Biposies were performed in patients that could not be diagnosed by bronchoscopy or sputum cytology. The biopsy procedure with 18-gauge Crown needle was guided by fluoroscopy. The biopsy specimen placed in 10% formalin solution were histologically confirmed. In 160 patients (89%), the positive diagnosis was made by percutaneous needle aspiration biopsy. There were 153 lung lesions (120 malignant and 33 benign lesions) and 7 mediastinal lesions. The diagnostic accuracy of malignant and benign disease was 91% and 80% respectively. Complications included pneumothorax (n = 11) and hemothorax (n = 1): six of them required treatment with chest tube and the remainder showed spontaneous resorption. PCNB with an 18-gauge needle provided a reliable, relatively safe diagnostic tool to establish the diagnosis of both malignant and benign chest lesions

  5. Relative quantification of PIK3CA gene expression level in fine-needle aspiration biopsy thyroid specimens collected from patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma and non-toxic goitre by real-time RT-PCR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wojciechowska-Durczyńska Katarzyna

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recent studies have shown that the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K signaling pathway is important regulator of many cellular events, including apoptosis, proliferation and motility. PI3K pathway alterations (PIK3CA gene mutations and/or amplification have been observed in various human tumours. In the majority of diagnosed cases, mutations are localized in one of the three "hot spots" in the gene, responsible for coding catalytic subunit α of class I PI3K (PIK3CA. Mutations and amplification of PIK3CA gene are characteristic for thyroid cancer, as well. Methods The aim of our study was to examine a gene expression level of PIK3CA in fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB thyroid specimens in two types of thyroid lesions, papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC and non-toxic goitre (NTG. Following conventional cytological examination, 42 thyroid FNAB specimens, received from patients with PTC (n = 20 and NTG (n = 22, were quantitatively evaluated regarding PIK3CA expression level by real-time PCR in the ABI PRISM® 7500 Sequence Detection System. Results Significantly higher expression level (RQ of PIK3CA in PTC group has been noted in comparison with NTG group (p Conclusion These observations may suggest role of PIK3CA alterations in PTC carcinogenesis.

  6. Fine-needle aspirates CYFRA 21-1 is a useful tumor marker for detecting axillary lymph node metastasis in breast cancer patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jung Hyun Yoon

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: To assess whether the value of CYFRA21-1 in the aspirates of ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB can contribute to improving the performances of US-FNAB in the diagnosis of axillary lymph node (LN metastasis in breast cancer patients. METHODS: US-FNAB was performed in 156 axillary LNs in 152 breast cancer patients (mean age: 51.4 years, range: 17-92 years. Concentrations of CYFRA21-1 were measured from washouts of the syringe used during US-FNAB. Tumor marker concentrations, US-FNAB, intraoperative sentinel node biopsy (SNB, and surgical pathology results were reviewed and analyzed. For comparison, the values of CEA and CA15-3 were also measured from washouts. RESULTS: Among the 156 LNs, 75 (48.1% were benign, and 81 (51.9% were metastases. Mean concentrations of CYFRA21-1 were significantly higher in metastasis compared to benign LNs (P<0.001. US-FNAB combined to CYFRA21-1 showed significantly higher sensitivity, NPV, and accuracy compared to US-FNAB alone (all values P<0.05. All diagnostic indices of US-FNAB combined to CYFRA21-1 were significantly higher compared to US-FNAB combined with CEA or CA15-3 (all P<0.001. Of the 28 metastatic LNs which showed metastasis on SNB, CYFRA21-1 showed higher positive rate of 75.0% (CEA or CA15-3∶60.7%, P = 0.076. CONCLUSION: Measuring CYFRA 21-1 concentrations from US-FNAB aspirates improves sensitivity, NPV, and accuracy of US-FNAB alone, and may contribute to reducing up to 75.0% of unnecessary intraoperative SNB. Compared to CEA or CA15-3, CYFRA21-1 shows significantly higher performances when combined to US-FNAB in the preoperative diagnosis of LN metastasis in breast cancer patients.

  7. Fine-needle aspiration detects primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the breast in a patient with breast implants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malowany, Janet I; Kundu, Uma; Santiago, Lumarie; Krishnamurthy, Savitri

    2015-01-01

    Breast augmentation with implantation represents a challenge for subsequent radiographic imaging and pathological sampling. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is an excellent technique to sample suspicious lesions that are adjacent to fragile implants. We report a case of a 51-year-old woman with breast implants presenting with an initial diagnosis of fibroadenoma by imaging studies. A definite diagnosis of mammary carcinoma with plasmacytoid cells was made on ultrasound (US)-guided FNAB of the breast mass with rapid on-site evaluation which initiated core needle biopsy of the mass and subsequent mastectomy with sentinel lymph node biopsy. Our case exemplifies the role of US-guided FNAB for the initial investigation of breast masses in patients with implants. In addition, the case illustrates the cytomorphological features of the tumor cells in primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the breast.

  8. False Negative Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy Results in Primary Thyroid Lymphoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, In Joong; Kim, Eun Kyung; Koh, Myoung Ju; Kwak, Jin Young; Moon, Hee Jung [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-06-15

    Ultrasonography-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNA) is one of the methods used to diagnose thyroid lymphoma, but it has a relatively high false-negative rate. The authors report a case of a primary thyroid lymphoma associated with underlying lymphocytic thyroiditis that was initially misdiagnosed as lymphocytic thyroiditis based on US-FNA findings

  9. Comparison of a new aspiration needle device and the Quick-Core biopsy needle for transjugular liver biopsy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Toru Ishikawa; Tomoteru Kamimura; Hiroteru Kamimura; Atsunori Tsuchiya; Tadayuki Togashi; Kouji Watanabe; Kei-ichi Seki; Hironobu Ohta; Toshiaki Yoshida; Noriko Ishihara

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate sample adequacy, safety, and needle passes of a new biopsy needle device compared to the Quick-Core biopsy needle for transjugular liver biopsy in patients affected by liver disease.METHODS: Thirty consecutive liver-disease patients who had major coagulation abnormalities and/or relevant ascites underwent transjugular liver biopsy using either a new needle device (18 patients) or the Quick-Core biopsy needle (12 patients). The length of the specimens was measured before fixation. A pathologist reviewed the histological slides for sample adequacy and pathologic diagnoses. The two methods' specimen adequacy and complication rates were assessed.RESULTS: Liver biopsies were technically successful in all 30 (100%) patients, with diagnostic histological core specimens obtained in 30 of 30 (100%) patients, for an overall success rate of 100%. With the new device,18 specimens were obtained, with an average of 1.1passes per patient. Using the Quick-Core biopsy needle,12 specimens were obtained, with an average of 1.8passes per patient. Specimen length was significantly longer with the new needle device than with the QuickCore biopsy needle (P < 0.05). The biopsy tissue was not fragmented in any of the specimens with the new aspiration needle device, but tissue was fragmented in 3 of 12 (25.0%) specimens obtained using the Quick-Core biopsy needle. Complications included cardiac arrhythmia in 3 (10.0%) patients, and transient abdominal pain in 4 (13.3%) patients. There were no cases of subcapsular hematoma, hemoperitoneum, or sepsis, and there was no death secondary to the procedure. In particular, no early or delayed major procedure-related complications were observed in any patient.CONCLUSION: Transjugular liver biopsy is a safe and effective procedure, and there was significant difference in the adequacy of the specimens obtained using the new needle device compared to the QuickCore biopsy needle. Using the new biopsy needle device,the specimens showed

  10. Diagnosis of peritoneal mesothelioma: computed tomography, sonography, and fine-needle aspiration biopsy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The diagnosis of peritoneal mesothelioma was made prospectively and noninvasively in four patients with the use of sonography, computed tomography, and sonographically guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy. The imaging methods revealed information similar to the operative findings, with clear superiority of computed tomography over sonography. These noninvasive methods may be used as screening tools, especially among groups or in regional areas with a high risk for asbestos exposure. The findings included soft-tissue masses with invariable involvement of the omentum; small intraperitoneal nodules; thickened peritoneum, mesentery, and bowel wall; pleural plaques; and usually minimal, if any, ascites. Since the differential diagnosis from peritoneal carcinomatosis may be difficult, sonographically (or CT) guided aspiration biopsy is needed to produce diagnostic cytologic specimens. The use of this type of biopsy should obviate surgical exploration

  11. Initial experience with new dedicated needles for laparoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration and histological biopsies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, M B; Durup, J; Pless, T;

    2001-01-01

    to incorrect handling of the specimen. The biopsy procedures lasted 16.3 minutes (range 10-20 minutes) and no complications were seen. CONCLUSIONS: LUS-guided fine-needle aspiration or Trucut biopsy is possible using this newly developed biopsy system. These preliminary data suggest that LUS-guided biopsy may......BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Laparoscopic ultrasonography (LUS) is an important imaging modality during laparoscopic staging of intra-abdominal malignancies, but LUS-assisted biopsy is often difficult or impossible. We report a newly developed inbuilt biopsy system for direct LUS-guided fine-needle...... aspiration (FNA) and Tru-cut biopsies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: LUS-guided biopsy was performed in 20 patients with upper gastrointestinal tract tumors. The biopsied lesions had either not been previously detected by other imaging modalities or had been inaccessible, or the biopsy sample had been inadequate...

  12. Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy and/or Tissue Biopsy for Avoiding Surgery Complication in Patients with Peripancreatic Tuberculosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enver Ilhan

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Dear Sir, Peripancreatic tuberculosis is rarely seen. It is more widespread in countries with high endemicity for tuberculosis than in developed countries and the immunocompromized population. It may mimic a carcinoma of the pancreas, acute pancreatitis or chronic pancreatitis, or present with biliary obstruction [1, 2]. Diagnosing pancreatic tuberculosis is often difficult. Histopathological or microbiological evaluation can confirm the etiology. Ultrasound, CT scan and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS, guided aspiration and definitive tissue diagnosis are feasible techniques. Image-guided FNA biopsy of the pancreas, a safe procedure, has an overall sensitivity of 64-98%, a specificity of 80-100% and a positive predictive value of 98.4-100%. When fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC and polymerase chain reaction (PCR were combined, the sensitivity and specificity increased to 84% and 100%, respectively. EUS is today considered to be the most suitable investigative tool for differentiating a benign from a malignant pancreatic lesion. EUS provides an accurate and safe diagnosis without the risk, cost and time delay involved in an open biopsy or laparotomy. When not available, expensive investigations such as CECT and MRI with guided biopsy have to be resorted to. Exploratory laparotomy may be required in technically difficult cases due to the risk of injury to vessels in the vicinity of the mass [3, 4].

  13. Influence of Sampling Practices on the Appearance of DNA Image Histograms of Prostate Cells in FNAB Samples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdelbaset Buhmeida

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Twenty‐one fine needle aspiration biopsies (FNAB of the prostate, diagnostically classified as definitely malignant, were studied. The Papanicolaou or H&E stained samples were destained and then stained for DNA with the Feulgen reaction. DNA cytometry was applied after different sampling rules. The histograms varied according to the sampling rule applied. Because free cells between cell groups were easier to measure than cells in the cell groups, two sampling rules were tested in all samples: (i cells in the cell groups were measured, and (ii free cells between cell groups were measured. Abnormal histograms were more common after the sampling rule based on free cells, suggesting that abnormal patterns are best revealed through the free cells in these samples. The conclusions were independent of the applied histogram interpretation method.

  14. Computer-aided diagnosis system for classifying benign and malignant thyroid nodules in multi-stained FNAB cytological images

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An automated computer-aided diagnosis system is developed to classify benign and malignant thyroid nodules using multi-stained fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) cytological images. In the first phase, the image segmentation is performed to remove the background staining information and retain the appropriate foreground cell objects in cytological images using mathematical morphology and watershed transform segmentation methods. Subsequently, statistical features are extracted using two-level discrete wavelet transform (DWT) decomposition, gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) and Gabor filter based methods. The classifiers k-nearest neighbor (k-NN), Elman neural network (ENN) and support vector machine (SVM) are tested for classifying benign and malignant thyroid nodules. The combination of watershed segmentation, GLCM features and k-NN classifier results a lowest diagnostic accuracy of 60 %. The highest diagnostic accuracy of 93.33 % is achieved by ENN classifier trained with the statistical features extracted by Gabor filter bank from the images segmented by morphology and watershed transform segmentation methods. It is also observed that SVM classifier results its highest diagnostic accuracy of 90 % for DWT and Gabor filter based features along with morphology and watershed transform segmentation methods. The experimental results suggest that the developed system with multi-stained thyroid FNAB images would be useful for identifying thyroid cancer irrespective of staining protocol used.

  15. Epithelial barrier and ion transport in coeliac sprue: electrical measurements on intestinal aspiration biopsy specimens.

    OpenAIRE

    Schulzke, J D; Schulzke, I; Fromm, M.; Riecken, E O

    1995-01-01

    Epithelial barrier function and ion transport was studied in coeliac sprue using a miniaturised Ussing device for measurements on diagnostic aspiration biopsy specimens from the jejunum of untreated or gluten free nourished sprue patients, or from healthy controls. Pure epithelial resistance (Re) indicating epithelial barrier function was determined by transmural alternating current impedance analysis. It was reduced by 56% in acute sprue mean (SEM) (9 (1) omega.cm2) compared with controls (2...

  16. Ultrasonography and ultrasonoguided percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy of pancreatic cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ultrasonography of pancreas has been already established to be a effective method in the evaluation of pancreatic mass lesion. In addition to ultrasonography, ultrasonoguided percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy of pancreatic mass has been known to be a safe method of obtaining tissue diagnosis in patients with pancreatic cancer without operation. From March, 1984 to June, 1986 ultrasonography and ultrasonoguided percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy were performed in 40 patients who had been finally diagnosed as pancreatic cancer at the Department of Radiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine. The results were summarized as follows: In ultrasonographic findings of pancreatic cancer, (1) The location of pancreatic mass is 19 cases in head, 3 in head and body, 7 in body, 4 in body and tail, 5 in tail and 2 diffuse type. (2) The size of tumor ranged under 2cm in 2 cases, between 2.1-4cm in 21, between 4.1-6cm in 13 and over 6cm in 4 cases. (3) The other ultrasonographic findings were 6 cases common bile duct dilatation, 4 pancreatic duct dilatation, 10 peripancreatic node enlargement, 16 liver metastasis and 3 stomach involvement. In ultrasonoguided percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy of total 40 cases of pancreatic cancer.

  17. Nonimage-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy of palpable axillary lymph nodes in breast cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marti, Jennifer L; Ayo, Diego; Levine, Pascale; Hernandez, Osvaldo; Rescigno, John; Axelrod, Deborah M

    2012-01-01

    We report the utility of office-based, nonimaged guided fine needle aspiration of palpable axillary lymph nodes in breast cancer patients. We examine the sensitivity and specificity of this procedure, and examine factors associated with a positive fine needle aspiration biopsy result. Although the utility of ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNA) of axillary lymph nodes is well established, there is little data on nonimage guided office-based FNA of palpable axillary lymphadenopathy. We investigated the sensitivity and specificity of nonimage-guided FNA of axillary lymphadenopathy in patients presenting with breast cancer, and report factors associated with a positive FNA result. Retrospective study of 94 patients who underwent office-based FNA of palpable axillary lymph nodes between 2004 and 2008 was conducted. Cytology results were compared with pathology after axillary sentinel node or lymph node dissection. Nonimage-guided axillary FNA was 86% sensitive and 100% specific. On univariate analysis, patients with positive FNA cytology had larger breast tumors (p = 0.007), more pathologic positive lymph nodes (p benefits select patients, permitting avoidance of axillary ultrasound, sentinel lymph node biopsy, or delay in receiving neoadjuvant therapy. This results in time and cost savings for the health care system, and expedites definitive management. PMID:22098412

  18. A simplified technique for embryo biopsy: Use of the same micropipette for zona drilling and blastomere aspiration

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Shee-Uan; Ho, Hong-Nerng; Chen, Hsin-Fu; Chao, Kuang-Han; Huang, Su-Cheng; Lee, Tzu-Yao; Yang, Yu-Shih

    1997-01-01

    Purpose: Using different micropipettes for zona drilling and blastomere aspiration for embryo biopsy is prevalent at centers of preimplantation genetic diagnosis. The purpose of our study was to simplify the technique by using only one micropipette.

  19. Risk factors of pneumothorax in percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy of the lung

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy is known to be a useful diagnostic method for the diagnosis of various pulmonary diseases. Its diagnostic yield is high, and it is safe, but complications such as pneumothorax can occasionally occur. We reviewed the complications arising after needle aspiration biopsy and analyzed the risk factors of pneumothorax. The medical records and radiographic studies of 157 patients with various pulmonary diseases who underwent needle aspiration biopsy of the lung between 1990 and 1996 were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical features, treatment, and courses of complications were reviewed, and risk factors of pneumothorax such as depth and size of lesion, diameter of needle, number of punctures, and obstructive pulmonary abnormalities were analyzed. Complications occurred in 40 of 157cases(25.5%), namely pneumothorax in 26(16.6%), hemoptysis in 11(7%), hemothorax in two(1.3%), and recurrence of malignancy at the site of aspiration in one(0.6%). When the patients were divided into three groups according to depth of lesion, there were significant difference in the incidence of pneumothorax;the results were as follows:less than 2cm, 12.9%;between 2 and 4cm, 24.1%;and larger than 4cm, 57.1%(p<0.05). In pulmonary function testing, FVC(Forced Vital Capacity) of patients with pneumothorax was less than that of patients without(2.6±0.9L vs 3.1±0.8L, p<0.05), but FEV1(Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second), FEV1%(percentage of predicted FEV1), FEV1/FVC, and FVC% (percentage of predicted FVC) were not different between the two groups. The incidence of pneumothorax in patients with pleura-at-tached lesion (9%) was lower than that of those with non-attached lesion(26%, p=3D0.01). The age of patients, size of lesion, diameter of the needle, guidance methods and number of aspirations showed no significant relationship with pneumothorax. In needle aspiration biopsy of the lung, depth of lesion and passage of a needle through aerated lung are

  20. Image-Directed Fine-needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Thyroid with Safety-engineered Devices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to integrate safety-engineered devices into outpatient fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy of the thyroid in an interventional radiology practice. Materials and Methods: The practice center is a tertiary referral center for image-directed FNA thyroid biopsies in difficult patients referred by the primary care physician, endocrinologist, or otolaryngologist. As a departmental quality of care and safety improvement program, we instituted integration of safety devices into our thyroid biopsy procedures and determined the effect on outcome (procedural pain, diagnostic biopsies, inadequate samples, complications, needlesticks to operator, and physician satisfaction) before institution of safety devices (54 patients) and after institution of safety device implementation (56 patients). Safety devices included a patient safety technology—the mechanical aspirating syringe (reciprocating procedure device), and a health care worker safety technology (antineedlestick safety needle). Results: FNA of thyroid could be readily performed with the safety devices. Safety-engineered devices resulted in a 49% reduction in procedural pain scores (P < 0.0001), a 56% reduction in significant pain (P < 0.002), a 21% increase in operator satisfaction (P < 0.0001), and a 5% increase in diagnostic specimens (P = 0.5). No needlesticks to health care workers or patient injuries occurred during the study. Conclusions: Safety-engineered devices to improve both patient and health care worker safety can be successfully integrated into diagnostic FNA of the thyroid while maintaining outcomes and improving safety.

  1. The Utility of US-Guided Core-Needle Biopsy in the Diagnosis of Thyroid Nodules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Ji Youn; Hong, Soon Won; Kim, Eun Kyung; Kim, Min Jung; Kwak, Jin Young; Moon, Hee Jung; Kim, Ki Whang [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-12-15

    Ultrasonography (US)-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is widely considered to be the diagnostic technique of choice in the assessment of nodular disease of the thyroid gland. Although the accuracy of FNAB analysis approaches 95% where there is an adequate sample, non-diagnostic sampling occurs in 10-20% of cases. Additionally, equivocal pathological results are obtained in 10-30% of cases, and there are limitations in detecting subtypes of certain diseases, such as lymphoma. Generally, US-guided core needle biopsy (CNB) allows for the procurement of a large, grossly visible specimen and a more precise pathological diagnosis. Therefore, US-guided CNB is indicated in the following situations: 1) when an inadequate specimen is obtained by FNAB, 2) when FNAB yields indeterminate or inadequate information, 3) when targeting of the lesion is difficult because it is diffuse, and 4) when there is a discrepancy between the imaging findings and the FNAB results. In this article, we describe the situations in which US-guided CNB is useful for diagnosing thyroid lesions

  2. Diagnostic value of fine needle aspiration biopsy in 'cold' thyroid nodules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study fined needle aspiration (FNA) was performed to ascertain a preoperative diagnosis in patients with cold thyroid nodules. A brief clinical history comprising of general physical and local examination was recorded on a proforma. Fine needle aspiration of thyroid nodules were performed with 5 ml disposable syringe (22g needle). Local anesthesia was not used. Four slides were prepared in each case, two were fixed in 95% alcohol for Pananicolau's stain and the Haematoxylin and Eosin while other two slides were air dried for May Grunwald Giemsa stains. Surgical specimens were received at the Department of Pathology and processed as per routine. Cytological and histological reporting was done separately and independently. Special stains were performed when required. A total of 91 patients were studied, in 14 cases aspirate was unsatisfactory and in 21 cases surgery was not performed. In 56 patient, histological correlation was available. Forty were reported benign, out of which 37 proved correct on histological examination. Of the eleven smears reported as follicular neoplasm, 9 proved correct and 2 reported as 'suspicious' and 3 as 'malignant' also proved malignant on histological examination. Sensitivity was 86.36% and specificity was 100%. Efficiency of the test was 94.9%. Fine needle aspiration biopsy was found to be simple and valuable technique for a reliable preoperative diagnosis of thyroid nodules. (author)

  3. Fine needle aspiration biopsy diagnosis of metastatic neoplasms of the breast. A three-case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Garza-Guajardo

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Metastases to the breast are unusual lesions that make up approximately 2% of all malignant mammary neoplasms and may mimic both benign and malignant primary neoplasms from a clinical point of view, as well as in imaging studies. Arriving at a correct diagnosis is therefore essential in order to establish appropriate management. We present three cases of metastatic neoplasms diagnosed through fine needle aspiration biopsy and immunocytochemistry. The cytological diagnoses were: medulloblastoma in an 18-year-old woman, melanoma in a 26-year-old man, and an exceptional case of ovarian sarcoma originating from a granulosa cell tumor with metastases to both breasts. A metastatic disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a palpable mass in the breast, especially if there is a history of an extramammary malignant neoplasm. Fine needle aspiration biopsy is the method of choice for the management of these cases. Whenever possible the exam of the material obtained should be compared to the previous biopsy, which is usually enough to arrive at a correct diagnosis, thus preventing unnecessary surgical procedures.

  4. Comparison of needle aspiration and vacuum-assisted biopsy in the ultrasound-guided drainage of lactational breast abscesses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Yun Dan; Kim, You Me [Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-03-15

    The purpose of this study was to compare needle aspiration and vacuum-assisted biopsy in the ultrasound-guided treatment of lactational breast abscesses. Between January 2005 and December 2014, a total of 74 patients presented with lactational breast abscesses. Thirty of these patients underwent treatment with antibioticsalone, while the remaining 44 lactating women with breast abscesses were treated with needle aspiration (n=25) or vacuum-assisted biopsy (n=19). Age, duration of lactation, abscess diameter, pus culture results, the number of interventions, the healing time, and the cure rate were reviewed and compared between these two groups. The Student's t test and the chi-square test were used to compare the variables. No significant difference was found in the cure rate between the needle aspiration group (22/25, 88%) and the vacuum-assisted biopsy group (18/19, 94.7%) (P=0.441). However, the mean healing time was significantly shorter in the vacuum-assisted biopsy group (6.7 days) than in the needle aspiration group (9.0 days) (P=0.001). Vacuum-assisted biopsy is a viable option for the management of lactational breast abscesses and was found to lead to a shorter healing time than needle aspiration. However, further study is necessary to establish the clinical efficacy of vacuum-assisted biopsy in the management of lactational breast abscesses.

  5. The factor analysis of the incidence of pneumothorax after CT-guided transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To analyze the impact of multiple factors on the incidence of pneumothorax associated with CT-guided transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy. Methods: The sign of pneumothorax after 162 cases (lesion diameter from 1 cm to 6 cm) CT-guided transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy was observed and its relationship with multivariate factors were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression model. Results: Thirty-two cases presented pneumothorax accounting for 19. 8%. Single variate analysis showed that the sign of pneumothorax related to intercurrent COPD, distance from lesion and chest wall, needle dwelling time and lesion diameter. 67 patients of intercurrent COPD with postoperative pneumothorax occurred in 22 cases (32.8%); With respect to those having lesions close to the chest wall (48 cases), and the cases with the distance between the chest wall and lesions less than 2 cm (55 cases) and greater than 2 cm (59 cases), the postoperative pneumothorax occurred in 0, 14 (25.5%), 18 (30.5%) cases respectively; For those patients with needle in the chest residence time of less than 10 minutes (82 cases), 10-20 minutes (51 cases), more than 20 minutes (28 cases) after the occurrence of pneumothorax were 8 (9.6%), 10(19.6%), 14 (50%) cases respectively; In contrast, those with lesion diameter less than 2 cm (65 cases), 2-4 cm(52 cases), more than 4cm(45 cases) were 19 (29.2%), 8 (15.4%) and 5 (11.1% ) respectively. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the prior three factor's were risk factors of pneumothorax (OR=4.652, 4.030, 2.855 respectively). Conclusions: To avoid the pneumothorax, caution must be taken with respect to CT-guided transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy, patients with intercurrent COPD, long distance between lesion and chest wall, and smaller lesion diameter. For operation the needle dwell time within thorax should be minimized. (authors)

  6. Diagnosing a parotid lump: fine needle aspiration cytology or core biopsy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howlett, D C

    2006-04-01

    Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) has been widely adopted for the cytological diagnosis of parotid lumps. FNAC does have drawbacks, even under optimum conditions and may be associated with poor levels of diagnostic accuracy, particularly outside the specialized clinic environment. Ultrasound-guided core biopsy (USCB) is a relatively recently described technique in the parotid gland which has been well tolerated and has demonstrated a high degree of diagnostic accuracy in several studies. This article discusses the merits and pitfalls of FNAC, together with the technique of USCB and also highlights the potential advantages benefit provided by USCB in parotid diagnosis. PMID:16585720

  7. Biopsy techniques for intraocular tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pukhraj Rishi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Biopsy involves the surgical removal of a tissue specimen for histopathologic evaluation. Most intraocular tumors are reliably diagnosed based on the clinical evaluation or with noninvasive diagnostic techniques. However, accurately diagnosing a small percentage of tumors can be challenging. A tissue biopsy is thus needed to establish a definitive diagnosis and plan the requisite treatment. From fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB to surgical excision, all tissue collection techniques have been studied in the literature. Each technique has its indications and limitations. FNAB has been reported to provide for 88-95% reliable and safe ophthalmic tumor diagnosis and has gained popularity for prognostic purposes and providing eye conserving treatment surgeries. The technique and instrumentation for biopsy vary depending upon the tissue involved (retina, choroid, subretinal space, vitreous, and aqueous, suspected diagnosis, size, location, associated retinal detachment, and clarity of the media. The cytopathologist confers a very important role in diagnosis and their assistance plays a key role in managing and planning the treatment for malignancies.

  8. Biopsy techniques for intraocular tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rishi, Pukhraj; Dhami, Abhinav; Biswas, Jyotirmay

    2016-06-01

    Biopsy involves the surgical removal of a tissue specimen for histopathologic evaluation. Most intraocular tumors are reliably diagnosed based on the clinical evaluation or with noninvasive diagnostic techniques. However, accurately diagnosing a small percentage of tumors can be challenging. A tissue biopsy is thus needed to establish a definitive diagnosis and plan the requisite treatment. From fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) to surgical excision, all tissue collection techniques have been studied in the literature. Each technique has its indications and limitations. FNAB has been reported to provide for 88-95% reliable and safe ophthalmic tumor diagnosis and has gained popularity for prognostic purposes and providing eye conserving treatment surgeries. The technique and instrumentation for biopsy vary depending upon the tissue involved (retina, choroid, subretinal space, vitreous, and aqueous), suspected diagnosis, size, location, associated retinal detachment, and clarity of the media. The cytopathologist confers a very important role in diagnosis and their assistance plays a key role in managing and planning the treatment for malignancies. PMID:27488148

  9. A Novel Design of Needle Aspiration Biopsy Monitoring Instrument (NAOMI Tested on a Low Cost Chest Phantom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surakusumah Rino Ferdian

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Needle biopsy is a medical intervention method for taking a lung tissue sample that suspected as a cancer. The disadvantage is the physicians directly visualize the anatomical structures in an open surgery for lung cancer biopsy procedure. There is a need to develop an instrument that may help the physician to guarantee the accuracy and efficiency while performing needle aspiration biopsy. Therefore, a needle aspiration biopsy monitoring instrument or named as NAOMI is proposed. It consists of a microcontroller system, an IMU sensor, an ultrasonic ranging module, a bluetooth module, and a 9V lithium battery. The experimental testing consist of performance testing, functional testing using chest phantom, and user acceptances. The results showed that the NAOMI improve the accuracy and efficiency while performing the needle biopsy operation.

  10. Biopsy pathology in uveitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jyotirmay Biswas

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Uveitis is fraught with speculations and suppositions with regard to its etiology, progress and prognosis. In several clinical scenarios what may be perceived as due to a systemic infection may actually not be so and the underlying etiology may be an autoimmune process. Investigations in uveitis are sometimes the key in identification and management. Invasive techniques could be of immense value in narrowing down the etiology and help in identifying the cause. This article updates one on the invasive techniques used in biopsy such as anterior chamber paracentesis, vitreous tap and diagnostic vitrectomy, iris and ciliary body biopsy, choroidal and retinochoroidal biopsy and fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB. In populations where certain infections are endemic, the clinical scenario does not always respect a known presentation and the use of biopsy is resorted to as a sure way of confirming the etiology. Biopsies have a role in diagnosis of several inflammatory and infectious conditions in the eye and are pivotal in diagnosis in several dilemmas such as intraocular tumors and in inflammations. Appropriate and timely use of biopsy in uveitis could enhance the diagnosis and provide insight into the etiology, thus enabling precise management.

  11. Diagnosis of multiple myeloma on based the material obtained by fine needle aspiration biopsy of the lungs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bokun Radojka

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The patient presented in this paper was admitted to the hospital for the evaluation of radiologically revealed shadow in both lungs. In the course of diagnostic procedures, fine needle aspiration biopsy of the intrathoracic mass was performed. Cytologic analysis of the smear was performed because of clinical suspicion of plasma cell proliferative disease that was confirmed by bone marrow aspiration. Thus, the cytologic finding of intrathoracic lesion preceded the diagnosis of multiple myeloma.

  12. Role of fluoroscopic guided fine needle aspiration biopsy in spinal pathologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chauhan Vijendra

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The presence of vertebral lesion, whether symptomatic or not presents a diagnostic challenge. Open biopsy of spine is associated with considerable clinical morbidity. Hence it was decided to evaluate the efficacy of fluoroscopic guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FGFNAB in providing a definitive diagnosis in pathologies of the spine and to determine the degree of co-relation between the histopathological diagnosis and the presumptive clinicoradiological diagnosis. Methods: A prospective study of 103 patients in whom a presumptive diagnosis was made by available imaging techniques (including magnetic resonance imaging was undertaken. All patients underwent histopathological /cytological examination for confirmation of the presumptive diagnosis, using material obtained through FGFNAB. Results: A definitive diagnosis was established, through FGFNAB, in 76 (73.8% patients. Non concordant diagnosis was seen in 13(12% of patients. In 27 (26.2% patients the results of FGFNAB were inconclusive. Conclusion: FGFNAB is a minimally invasive, technically easy, quick and cost-effective procedure. It can be done on an outpatient basis, under local anaesthesia and often eliminates the need for an open biopsy. FGFNAB can clinch the diagnosis early and helps institute definitive therapy. Hence we strongly recommend FGFNAB as a basic investigation in all pathological lesions of the spine.

  13. Diagnosing breast lesions by fine needle aspiration cytology or core biopsy: which is better?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tse, Gary M; Tan, Puay-Hoon

    2010-08-01

    Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and core needle biopsy (CNB) are widely used in diagnosing breast lesions, with both achieving high sensitivity and specificity. Whether FNAC or CNB is better remains highly controversial. In this review, the advantages and disadvantages of each of these methods are discussed, especially in relation to specific problematic groups of breast lesions. In general, CNB has a slight advantage with lower inadequate and suspicious rates, allowing easier grade assessment and ancillary testings (hormome receptors, HER2) in cases of cancers. FNAC cannot reliably predict invasion in a malignant aspirate, whereas CNB, although useful in confirming invasion in carcinomas, has a much lower efficacy in predicting invasion when only in situ carcinoma is detected. The other problematic areas are papillary breast lesions and fibroepithelial lesions, notably phyllodes tumors. In papillary lesions, FNAC diagnosis is inaccurate, but with CNB, one can confidently diagnose papillary lesion, although there is still significant false positive and false negative rates, even with immunohistochemistry. For fibroepithelial lesions, using either FNAC or CNB to differentiate between a phyllodes tumor from fibroadenoma is also inaccurate. As management of breast diseases necessitates the triple approach (clinical, imaging and pathological), an awareness of the limitations of these very useful diagnostic modalities by all specialists is prudent, especially when dealing with these specific groups of breast lesions. PMID:20526738

  14. Ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration cytology versus core biopsy in the preoperative assessment of non-palpable breast lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Breast screening is a method of detecting breast cancer at a very early stage. Most of the lesions detected by screening are not malignant. Objective of this study was to compare ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration cytology and core biopsy in the preoperative assessment of non-palpable breast lesions. Methods: The study was conducted prospectively at Department of Radiology, Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Pakistan from March 2004 to February 2005. All the patients underwent fine needle aspiration cytology and core biopsy. Later on, all of them had excision biopsy/ mastectomy. Prospectively 80 patients were studied; information was collected on a specifically designed form according to inclusion criteria. The patient age, sex, medical record number and side of lesion were recorded. Clinical history of duration of lump was also taken. Informed consent was obtained. Results: The age of patients were ranges from 20-71 years, with mean of 44.31+- 11.002 and the maximum number of patients 28 (35.3%) was between the ages 50 - 59 years. The sensitivity of FNAC was 92.85%, while the specificity of was 90% and the accuracy rate was 92.1%. The sensitivity of core biopsy was 94.64%, specificity 91.30% and accuracy rate was 94.87%. Conclusion: Fine Needle Aspiration has been found to be an extremely useful method for the diagnosis of lumps of breast. The accuracy and the sensitivity of diagnosis on fine needle aspiration cytology were high. (author)

  15. A portable, low coherence interferometry based instrument for fine needle aspiration biopsy guidance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iftimia, Nicusor V.; Bouma, Brett E.; Pitman, Martha B.; Goldberg, Brian; Bressner, Jason; Tearney, Guillermo J.

    2005-06-01

    A portable, low coherence interferometry (LCI) based instrument for fine-needle aspiration biopsy guidance is presented. The instrument consists of a fiber-based low coherence interferometer, a data acquisition, processing and display unit, and a probe. The probe, consisting of a 250μm diameter single-mode optical fiber inserted within the bore of a fine needle, is used to illuminate tissue and collect light from tissue at the tip of the needle. Light returning out of the probe is detected by the LCI system, which is capable of measuring depth-resolved information (reflectivity, spectra, birefringence) with a spatial resolution of 10μm over a depth range of approximately 1.4mm. The LCI based instrument can be used to guide the fine needle during biopsy procedures to potentially diagnose neoplasms, infections, inflammations, or infiltrations. The design and performance of the instrument, as well as preliminary measurements on excised breast tissue specimens, are presented in detail.

  16. The role of midazolam-induced sedation in bone marrow aspiration/trephine biopsies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mainwaring, C J; Wong, C; Lush, R J; Smith, J G; Singer, C R

    1996-12-01

    This study was undertaken in 102 adult patients to evaluate the safety and efficacy of intravenous (i.v.) midazolam in the setting of bone marrow aspiration and trephine biopsy (BMAT). Combined local anaesthetic (LA) and sedation was used in 87% of patients and 13% received LA alone. Amnesia occurred in all sedated patients with only 9% experiencing a mild degree of post-procedure pain. This contrasted sharply with the non-sedated group, in whom 85% had intense pain during the biopsy followed by protracted local discomfort in approximately 54%. Drowsiness and some psychomotor impairment were the only notable sedation-related side-effects in approximately 20%. None required assisted ventilation. There was a resounding patient preference for BMAT with sedation. Considering the ease of use, safety and efficacy of i.v. midazolam, the availability of flumazenil as a reversal agent and the undoubted positive effects on quality of life, we would advocate using it in BMAT provided that there were no contraindications.

  17. Results and complications of CT-guided transthoracic fine-needle aspiration biopsy of pulmonary lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: to analyze the cytological findings of CT-guided percutaneous fine-needle aspiration biopsies of the lung, to demonstrate the diagnostic feasibility of the method in the investigation of pulmonary lesions, and to determine the complications of the procedure, evaluating its safety. Methods: a retrospective analysis of 89 patients with various types of pulmonary lesions who underwent 97 procedures over a period of five years. The patients were divided into groups regarding the indication for the procedure: suspicion of primary lung cancer (stages IIIB or IV); suspicion of lung cancer (stages I, II, or IIIA) and clinical contraindications for surgery; suspicion of pulmonary metastasis from other organs; and pulmonary lesions with benign radiological aspect. All of the procedures were performed with 25-gauge needles and were guided by spiral CT. The final diagnosis was confirmed by surgical biopsy and clinical/oncological follow-up. For the analysis of complications, the total number of procedures was considered. Results: the main indication for the procedure was suspicion of advanced stage primary lung cancer. The accuracy of the method for malignant lesions was 91.5%. The lesion was confirmed as cancer in 73% of the patients. The major complication was pneumothorax (27.8%), which required chest tube drainage in 12.4% of the procedures. Conclusions: the principal indication for CT-guided fine-needle biopsy was suspicion of primary lung cancer in patients who were not surgical candidates. The procedure has high diagnostic feasibility for malignant pulmonary diseases. The most prevalent complication was pneumothorax. However, in most cases, chest tube drainage was unnecessary. No deaths were related to the procedure. (author)

  18. Results and complications of CT-guided transthoracic fine-needle aspiration biopsy of pulmonary lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lima, Cristiano Dias de; Nunes, Rodolfo Acatauassu; Saito, Eduardo Haruo; Higa, Claudio; Cardona, Zanier Jose Fernando; Santos, Denise Barbosa dos, E-mail: cristianodiaslima@gmail.co [Hospital Universitario Pedro Ernesto (HUPE/UERJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Dept. Cirurgia Toracica

    2011-03-15

    Objective: to analyze the cytological findings of CT-guided percutaneous fine-needle aspiration biopsies of the lung, to demonstrate the diagnostic feasibility of the method in the investigation of pulmonary lesions, and to determine the complications of the procedure, evaluating its safety. Methods: a retrospective analysis of 89 patients with various types of pulmonary lesions who underwent 97 procedures over a period of five years. The patients were divided into groups regarding the indication for the procedure: suspicion of primary lung cancer (stages IIIB or IV); suspicion of lung cancer (stages I, II, or IIIA) and clinical contraindications for surgery; suspicion of pulmonary metastasis from other organs; and pulmonary lesions with benign radiological aspect. All of the procedures were performed with 25-gauge needles and were guided by spiral CT. The final diagnosis was confirmed by surgical biopsy and clinical/oncological follow-up. For the analysis of complications, the total number of procedures was considered. Results: the main indication for the procedure was suspicion of advanced stage primary lung cancer. The accuracy of the method for malignant lesions was 91.5%. The lesion was confirmed as cancer in 73% of the patients. The major complication was pneumothorax (27.8%), which required chest tube drainage in 12.4% of the procedures. Conclusions: the principal indication for CT-guided fine-needle biopsy was suspicion of primary lung cancer in patients who were not surgical candidates. The procedure has high diagnostic feasibility for malignant pulmonary diseases. The most prevalent complication was pneumothorax. However, in most cases, chest tube drainage was unnecessary. No deaths were related to the procedure. (author)

  19. Diagnostic utility of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy for glomus tumor of the stomach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, Shin; Kikuchi, Kaoru; Chinen, Kenji; Murakami, Takahiro; Kunishima, Fumihito

    2015-06-14

    A 52-year-old man was referred for further investigation of a gastric submucosal tumor on the greater curvature of the antrum. Endoscopic ultrasonography demonstrated a hypoechoic solid mass, which was primarily connected to the muscular layer of the stomach. We performed endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy. The pathological examination showed proliferation of oval-shaped cells with nest formation, which stained strongly positive for muscle actin, and negative for c-kit, CD34, CD56, desmin, S-100, chromogranin, and neuron-specific enolase. Therefore, we performed laparoscopy and endoscopy cooperative surgery based on the preoperative diagnosis of glomus tumor of the stomach. The final histological diagnosis confirmed the preoperative diagnosis. Although preoperative diagnosis of glomus tumor of the stomach is difficult with conventional images and endoscopic biopsy, endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy is an essential tool to gain histological evidence of glomus tumor of the stomach for early diagnosis.

  20. Endometrial aspiration biopsy: a non-invasive method of obtaining functional lymphoid progenitor cells and mature natural killer cells.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McMenamin, Moya

    2012-09-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of endometrial aspiration biopsy (EAB) with the more traditional dilatation and curettage (D&C) for the procurement of lymphoid progenitor cells and uterine natural killer (NK) populations in endometrial tissue. This prospective observational study conducted in a tertiary referral university hospital examined endometrium obtained from 32 women admitted for laparoscopic gynaecological procedures. Each participant had endometrium sampled using both EAB and D&C. Both methods were assessed as a source of uterine NK and lymphoid progenitor cells. Similar proportions of mature CD45+CD56+ NK cells (range 25.4-36.2%) and CD45+CD34+ lymphoid progenitors (range 1.2-2.0%) were found in tissue obtained using both EAB and D&C. These cells were adequate for flow cytometric analysis, magnetic bead separation and culture. Colony formation by the CD34+ population demonstrated maturational potential. Tissues obtained via endometrial biopsy and D&C are equivalent, by analysis of uterine NK and lymphoid progenitor cells. The aim of this study was to compare two methods of endometrial sampling - endometrial aspiration biopsy and traditional dilatation and curettage - for the procurement of haematopoietic stem cells and uterine natural killer (NK) populations in endometrial tissue. Thirty-two women who had gynaecological procedures in a tertiary referral hospital participated in this study and had endometrial tissue collected via both methods. Similar populations of mature NK cells and haematopoietic stem cells were found in tissue obtained using both endometrial aspiration biopsy and dilatation and curettage. Tissue obtained via endometrial aspiration biopsy was adequate for the culture and growth of haematopoietic stem cells. We conclude that tissue obtained via endometrial biopsy and dilatation and curettage is equivalent, by analysis of uterine NK and haematopoietic stem cells using flow cytometry. This has implications for further

  1. Biological characteristics of HCC by ultrasound-guided aspiration biopsy and its clinical application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li-Wu Lin; Xue-Ying Lin; Yi-Mi He; Shang-Da Gao; Xiao-Dong Lin

    2003-01-01

    AIM: To probe the pathological biological characteristics of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by the ultrasound-guided aspiration biopsy and assess the clinical application value of this method.METHODS: The biopsy and DNA analysis by flow cytometry (FCM) were taken in 46 cases with HCC nodules, including 26 cases and 20 cases with nodules ≤3 cm and >3 cm in diameters respectively, and 12 cases with intrahepatic benign hyperplastic nodules. They were taken in 22 cases of 46cases with HCC before and after the therapy. Fine-needles and automatic histological incised biopsy needles were used.The fresh biopsy tissue was produced into the single cell suspension, which was sent for DNA detection and ratio analysis of cell period. The ratio of each DNA period of cell proliferation of each group was calculated and compared with each other. The DNA aneuploid (AN) and apoptosis cell peak were observed and their percentages were calculated.RESULTS: The ratios of S and G2/M periods of DNA, which reflect cell hyperproliferation, in the group with HCC tumors >3 cm in diameter were markedly higher than those of the group with HCC nodules ≤3 cm in diameter and the group with the benign hyperplastic nodules (P<0.01 except A:B of S period, P<0.05). The ratios of the middle group were also apparently higher than those of the latter group (P<0.01).The ratio of DNA AN of 46 cases with HCC nodules was 34.8 % (16/46). None of the cases with the intrahepatic hyperplastic nodules appeared AN. The DNA AN appeared more apparently with the growth of the tumors. The AN ratio of the group with tumors >3 cm in diameter was 55 %(11/20), markedly higher than that of the group with tumors ≤3 cm in diameter which was 19.2 % (5/26) (P<0.01). The FCM DNA analysis of 22 specimens of hepatic carcinoma tissue before therapy showed that the aneuploid peaks appeared in 5 cases (22.7 %). The ratio of G1 period rose after therapy while the S period and G2/M ratios fell (P<0.01).The

  2. Biopsies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... News Physician Resources Professions Site Index A-Z Biopsies - Overview A biopsy is the removal of tissue ... What are the limitations of biopsies? What are biopsies? A biopsy is the removal of tissue in ...

  3. Establishing an accurate diagnosis of a parotid lump: evaluation of the current biopsy methods - fine needle aspiration cytology, ultrasound-guided core biopsy, and intraoperative frozen section.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howlett, D C; Skelton, E; Moody, A B

    2015-09-01

    The optimum technique for histological confirmation of the nature of a parotid mass remains controversial. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), which has traditionally been used, is associated with high non-diagnostic and false negative rates, and ultrasound (US)-guided core biopsy and frozen section have been explored as alternatives. US-guided core biopsy is more invasive than FNAC, but is safe, well-tolerated, and associated with improved diagnostic performance. Although frozen section offers better specificity than FNAC, it has a number of important drawbacks and cannot be considered as a primary diagnostic tool. US-guided core biopsy should be considered as the initial diagnostic technique of choice, and in units where the accuracy of FNAC is good it can be used when FNAC is equivocal or non-diagnostic. PMID:25886878

  4. Chest Computed Tomography (CT) Immediately after CT-Guided Transthoracic Needle Aspiration Biopsy as a Predictor of Overt Pneumothorax

    OpenAIRE

    Noh, Tae June; Lee, Chang Hoon; Kang, Young Ae; Kwon, Sung-Youn; Yoon, Ho-Il; Kim, Tae Jung; Lee, Kyung Won; Lee, Jae Ho; Lee, Choon-Taek

    2009-01-01

    Background/Aims This study examined the correlation between pneumothorax detected by immediate post-transthoracic needle aspiration-biopsy (TTNB) chest computed tomography (CT) and overt pneumothorax detected by chest PA, and investigated factors that might influence the correlation. Methods Adult patients who had undergone CT-guided TTNB for lung lesions from May 2003 to June 2007 at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital were included. Immediate post-TTNB CT and chest PA follow-up at 4 ...

  5. Pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma of the heart metastatic to bone. Report of a case with fine needle aspiration biopsy findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, S Z; Smilari, T F; Teichberg, S; Hajdu, S I

    1995-01-01

    Pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma is an extremely rare and highly malignant neoplasm. We report an unusual case of a 14-year-old boy with skeletal metastases from a primary cardiac tumor. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of a lytic lesion in the right iliac wing showed a pleomorphic population of clusters and single cells with hyperchromatic nuclei; granular, pink cytoplasm; and isolated, large cells with whiplike or globoid cytoplasmic processes and occasional striations. Histologic, ultrastructural and radiologic features are also presented.

  6. The role of fine-needle aspiration biopsy in the dynamic monitoring of patients with nodular goiter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Semkina

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Review of the literature devoted to the relevance of fine-needle aspiration biopsy in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Application of the new classification system, the interpretation of FNA can significantly increase the reproducibility of the method and reduce the number of false-negative results. This review summarizes recent data on the epidemiology of thyroid nodules, new system of the interpretation of FNA cytology findings, the role of FNA in the dynamic monitoring of benign tumors of thyroid gland.

  7. Diagnostic efficacy of computed tomography-guided transthoracic needle aspiration and biopsy in patients with pulmonary disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuna T

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Tibel Tuna,1 Sevket Ozkaya,2 Adem Dirican,2 Serhat Findik,3 Atilla G Atici,3 Levent Erkan31Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Samsun Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Hospital, 2Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Medical Park Samsun Hospital, 3Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Samsun Ondokuzmayis University, Samsun, TurkeyBackground: Computed tomography-guided transthoracic needle aspiration (TTNA and biopsy (TTNB is a well established, safe, and rapid method of reaching a definitive diagnosis for most thoracic lesions. The present study aimed to determine the roles of TTNA and TTNB in the diagnosis of pulmonary diseases and to compare the results using these two techniques.Methods: TTNB and TTNA were performed in 105 patients admitted to our clinic due to peripheral pulmonary lesions between May 2005 and November 2007. Needle biopsies were performed using 18-gauge Tru-Cut® biopsy needles and aspirations was performed using 18-20-22-gauge Chiba needles.Results: Malignant lesions diagnosed by TTNB were non-small cell lung carcinoma (51 patients, 73%, small cell lung carcinoma (nine patients, 13%, malignant tissue (three patients, 5%, lymphoma (two patients, 3%, thymoma (two patients, 3%, plasmacytoma (one patient, 1%, rhabdomyosarcoma (one patient, 1%, and metastasis (one patient, 1%. The malignant lesions diagnosed by TTNA were non-small cell lung carcinoma in eleven patients (92% and malignant tissue in one patient (8%. Three (100% of the benign lesions diagnosed by TTNB were granulomas and two (100% benign lesions diagnosed by TTNA were infarctions. When the diagnostic value of TTNB and TTNA was compared, TTNB was significantly superior. Malignant lesions were identified in 70 (84% and benign lesions were identified in three (4% of the 83 patients in the TTNB group. Ten (12% patients in the TTNB group could not be diagnosed. Malignant lesions were found in 12 (55% and benign lesions were found in two (9% of the 22

  8. Clinical audit of repeat fine needle aspiration in a general cytopathology service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachna Goyal

    2014-01-01

    Conclusions: Inadequate aspirates, non-diagnostic descriptive reports, and FNAC/FNAB from thyroid, lymph nodes, and breast contribute to repeats. We suggest steps to reduce the number of repeat aspirates to eliminate extra work.

  9. Nódulos de tireóide: valor da ultra-sonografia e da biópsia por punção aspirativa no diagnóstico de câncer Cancer in thyroid nodules: evaluation of ultrasound and fine-needle aspiration biopsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Peccin

    2003-06-01

    equipamento, são necessários estudos em diferentes centros para o seu uso na prática clínica.BACKGROUND: Thyroid nodules are a very common clinical problem and fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB is its main diagnostic test. Recently, it has been shown that some ultrasonographic features are associated to an increased risk of cancer, but a comparison between FNAB and ultrasonography (US or its combination is not available. The aim of this study was to evaluate FNAB and US performance, isolated or combined, for cancer diagnosis in thyroid nodules. METHODS: Eighty patients, with palpable solitary thyroid nodules or multinodular goiters, who were to undergo surgery, were selected among 289 patients seen in our clinic between March, 1995 and July, 1997. US and FNAB were performed by one of us. US was considered positive for cancer when microcalcifications, absent halo or hypoechogenicity were seen. FNAB was considered positive for cancer when it was either suspicious or compatible with malignancy. Both methods (FNAB and US were evaluated in parallel combination (positive when FNAB or US was positive and in serial combination (positive when both, FNAB and US, were positive. RESULTS: Sensitivity and specificity of FNAB and US for cancer diagnosis in thyroid nodules were, respectively, 87% and 62%, and 81% and 70%. Serial combination of FNA and US had sensitivity of 69% and specificity of 91%, and parallel combination resulted in sensitivity of 94% and specificity of 52%. CONCLUSION: The US had good accuracy in the evaluation of thyroid nodules, and can help us take some decisions in the clinical practice, supplementary to FNA. Nevertheless, the quality of the ultrasound examination depends on the experience of the examiner and on the characteristics of the equipment, so new studies are necessary to evaluate these factors to the current usage of ultrasonographic characteristics in the evaluation diagnostic of thyroid nodules.

  10. Use of Core Needle Biopsy rather than Fine-Needle Aspiration Cytology in the Diagnostic Approach of Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pagni, Paola; Spunticchia, Flaminia; Barberi, Simona; Caprio, Giuliana; Paglicci, Carlo

    2014-01-01

    Background and Aims In the following study case, we reviewed breast ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (CNB), using Mammotome (vacuum-assisted breast biopsy) and Tru-cut, carried out on palpable and nonpalpable uncertain breast lumps or malignant large lesions to be submitted to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Material and Methods Examinations were conducted during a 4-year period of clinical activity in a highly specialized center, from December 2009 to December 2013, in 712 patients previously subjected to fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). Results The results demonstrated that among the 712 breast biopsies, in many cases FNAC was not conclusive, and therefore we proceeded with the echo-guided biopsy, through which we were able to collect sufficient material for the histological examination in order to direct patients to surgery or follow-up. Conclusions CNB is far superior to FNAC, especially in cases of uncertainty, where it is preferable to proceed directly with CNB, which may also determine additional prognostic and predictive markers. Initially FNAC is less expensive, but the actual costs involved tend to be higher for FNAC as it is less accurate and a CNB is often required. In accordance with recent publications, we can confirm the full validity of CNB in the diagnostic approach of breast lesions. PMID:25120471

  11. Use of Core Needle Biopsy rather than Fine-Needle Aspiration Cytology in the Diagnostic Approach of Breast Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Pagni

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: In the following study case, we reviewed breast ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (CNB, using Mammotome (vacuum-assisted breast biopsy and Tru-cut, carried out on palpable and nonpalpable uncertain breast lumps or malignant large lesions to be submitted to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Material and Methods: Examinations were conducted during a 4-year period of clinical activity in a highly specialized center, from December 2009 to December 2013, in 712 patients previously subjected to fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC. Results: The results demonstrated that among the 712 breast biopsies, in many cases FNAC was not conclusive, and therefore we proceeded with the echo-guided biopsy, through which we were able to collect sufficient material for the histological examination in order to direct patients to surgery or follow-up. Conclusions: CNB is far superior to FNAC, especially in cases of uncertainty, where it is preferable to proceed directly with CNB, which may also determine additional prognostic and predictive markers. Initially FNAC is less expensive, but the actual costs involved tend to be higher for FNAC as it is less accurate and a CNB is often required. In accordance with recent publications, we can confirm the full validity of CNB in the diagnostic approach of breast lesions.

  12. Tumour seeding after fine-needle aspiration and core biopsy of the head and neck--a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Keval S V; Ethunandan, Madan

    2016-04-01

    Although fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and core needle biopsy are essential diagnostic investigations of lumps in the head and neck, seeding along the needle track has long been a concern, and various factors have been implicated. We therefore searched the Medline database for relevant English language papers published between 1970 and 2014, excluding those on the thyroid and parathyroid, and systematically reviewed them to assess the risk. In the 610 articles reviewed we found only 7 reports of seeding (5 after FNAC and 2 after core needle biopsy). Tumours were found between 3 months and 3 years after the procedure in 4 cases, and in 3, tumour cells were found along the needle track between 0 and 33 days after the procedure. The needles varied in size from 18 - 22 gauge (G) and there were 3 to 4 passes. Four cases occurred after investigation of a mass in the salivary glands, and 3 after assessment of a cervical lymph node. Disease was benign in one and malignant in 6. Seeding along the needle track after FNAC or core needle biopsy of a lump in the head and neck is rarely reported, and an accurate estimate of its incidence is difficult to ascertain. Crude estimates suggest 0.00012% and 0.0011% after FNA and core needle biopsy, respectively. A distinction should be made between seeding that is seen shortly after the procedure and the development of tumour along the needle track. PMID:26837638

  13. Comparative single cell and flow DNA analysis in aspiration biopsies from breast carcinomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auer, G; Tribukait, B

    1980-11-01

    The DNA distribution patterns in fine needle aspirates from 17 breast carcinomas was analysed, using single cell and flow cytophotometric techniques. A good correlation was observed to exist between the modal DNA values obtained by the two methods. Advantages and disadvantages of the two methods are discussed. PMID:7010915

  14. Acurácia da punção aspirativa por agulha fina e da punção por agulha grossa no diagnóstico de lesões mamárias Diagnostic accuracy of the fine needle aspiration cytologyand core needle biopsy as a diagnostic method for breast lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Pontes Frankel

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar a acurácia da punção aspirativa por agulha fina (PAAF e da punção por agulha grossa (PAG no diagnóstico da lesão mamária e do câncer de mama. MÉTODOS: trata-se de um estudo transversal, retrospectivo e descritivo, baseado na busca em prontuários médicos. A PAAF e a PAG foram realizadas sequencialmente, como rotina do serviço de Mastologia. Os dois procedimentos percutâneos foram realizados em 233 pacientes, no período de março de 2005 a fevereiro de 2007. Foram incluídas mulheres com idade igual ou superior a 18 anos, com alterações no exame clínico e/ou de imagem das mamas ou com histórico familiar de câncer de mama e/ou ovário. A PAAF e a PAG foram realizadas de acordo com as recomendações técnicas do Instituto Nacional de Câncer. Foram calculados o percentual de concordância, o coeficiente Kappa de Cohen, a sensibilidade, a especificidade, os valores preditivos positivo e negativo e a acurácia da PAAF e da PAG, considerando como padrão-ouro a biópsia cirúrgica. RESULTADOS: a média de idade das pacientes foi de 49 anos (±12,7, os tumores mediam em média 26,9 mm (±23,1, e em 47,2% dos casos, tinham mais de 20 mm. A sensibilidade, a especificidade, os valores preditivos positivo e negativo e a acurácia foram maiores na PAG do que na PAAF, independentemente do tamanho da lesão mamária, tendo a PAG uma acurácia diagnóstica de 97,5% e a PAAF de 77,5%. CONCLUSÃO: apesar de a PAG mostrar maiores valores de sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo, valor preditivo negativo e acurácia que a PAAF, tanto para as lesões palpáveis quanto para as impalpáveis, o método permanece útil no diagnóstico minimamente invasivo das lesões mamárias, sobretudo quando seus resultados são analisados em conjunto com o exame clínico e de imagem.PURPOSE: to determine the accuracy of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB and of core-needle biopsy (CNB in diagnosing breast lumps and breast

  15. Lymph node biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - lymph nodes; Open lymph node biopsy; Fine needle aspiration biopsy; Sentinel lymph node biopsy ... A lymph node biopsy is done in an operating room in a hospital. Or, it is done at an outpatient surgical center. The ...

  16. Sparing sentinel node biopsy through axillary lymph node fine needle aspiration in primary breast cancers

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng, Yu-Shu; Kuo, Shou-Jen; Chen, Dar-Ren

    2013-01-01

    Background Axillary lymph node status is an important staging and prognostic factor in breast cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of axilla fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in primary breast cancer without a palpable node and even without image characteristics of a metastatic node. Methods From June 2008 to January 2012, 77 patients met the inclusion criteria of having received a FNAC procedure during the diagnostic protocol of primary breast cancer with the characteristic...

  17. Fine-needle aspiration and core biopsy in the diagnosis of breast lesions: A comparison and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitra, Suvradeep; Dey, Pranab

    2016-01-01

    In recent times, the diagnosis of breast lesions has mostly become dependent on core needle biopsies (CNBs) with a gradual reduction in the rate of performing fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). Both the procedures have their pros and cons and outsmart each other taking into account different parameters. Both the methods are found to be fraught with loopholes, taking into account different performance indices, diagnostic accuracy and concordance, patient benefit, and cost-effectiveness. Unlike the popular belief of an absolute superiority of CNB over FNAC, the literature review does not reveal a very distinct demarcation in many aspects. We recommend judicious use of these diagnostic modalities in resource-limited settings and screening programs taking into account parameters such as palpability and availability of an experienced cytopathologist. PMID:27651820

  18. A case of chronic berylliosis using aspiration liver biopsy as a diagnostic aid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chronic berylliosis may occur in subjects who regularly handle or have handled the metal beryllium (workers in light bulb factories). Clinical symptoms (fatigue, loss of weight, coughing, increasing breathlessness upon exertion, pyrexia, cyanosis, clubbed fingers and certain radiological abnormalities) are non-specific. Pathological-anatomical examination reveals granulomatosis of the organs. A description is given of a case in which the diagnosis was made on the basis of the history, chest X-rays and liver biopsy findings. (author)

  19. Assessment of 1183 screen-detected, category 3B, circumscribed masses by cytology and core biopsy with long-term follow up data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farshid, G; Downey, P; Gill, Pg; Pieterse, S

    2008-04-01

    Discrete masses are commonly detected during mammographic screening and most such lesions are benign. For lesions without pathognomonically benign imaging features that are still regarded likely to be non-malignant (Tabar grade 3) reliable biopsy results would be a clinically useful alternative to mammographic surveillance. Appropriate institutional guidelines for ethical research were followed. Between Jan 1996--Dec 2005 grade 3B discrete masses detected in the setting of a large, population based, breast cancer screening programme are included. Patient demographics, fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB), core and surgical biopsy results are tabulated. The final pathology of excised lesions was obtained. Information regarding interval cancers was obtained from the State Cancer Registry records and also through long term follow-up of clients in subsequent rounds of screening. A total of 1183 lesions, mean diameter of 13.3 mm (+/-8.3 mm) and mean client age of 55.1 years (+/-8.8 years) are included. After diagnostic work up, 98 lesions (8.3%) were malignant, 1083 were non-malignant and a final histologic diagnosis was not established in two lesions. In the 27 months after assessment, no interval cancers were attributable to these lesions and during a mean follow up of 54.5 months, available in 84.9% of eligible women, only one cancer has developed in the same quadrant as the original lesion, although the two processes are believed to be unrelated. FNAB performed in 1149 cases was definitive in 80.5% cases (882 benign, 43 malignant) with a negative predictive value (NPV) of 99.8% (880 of 882) and a positive predictive value (PPV) of 95.2% (40 of 42, both intraductal papillomas). Core biopsy was performed in 178 lesions, mostly for indefinite cytology. Core biopsy was definitive in 79.8% cases (57% benign 22% malignant) with a PPV of 100% and NPV of 99.0%. In experienced hands FNAB is an accurate first line diagnostic modality for the assessment of 3B screen

  20. Predisposing factors of pneumothorax in percutaneous transthoracic fine needle aspiration biopsy: comparison between CT emphysema score and pulmonary function test

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Chang Ho; Park, Kyung Joo; Park, Dong Won; Jung, Kyung Il; Suh, Jung Ho [Ajou Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-11-01

    To compare the CT emphysema score with various factors of pulmonary function test by simple spirometry and to use the result as a predictor of pneumothorax in percutaneous transthoracic fine needle aspiration biopsy. The CT scans of 106 patients who had undergone percutaneous transthoracic fine needle aspiration biopsy of lung lesions within the previous 18 months were retrospectively reviewed. In 75 of these 106 cases, the results of the pulmonary function test were also reviewed. On plain chest radiography, pneumothorax was noted in 20 cases (19%). Emphysema was blindly evaluated. We divided each lung into four segments and determined the severity and involved volume of emphysema, as seen on CT. Severity was classified as one of four grades, as follow : absence of emphysema=0 ; low attenuation area of less than 5mm=1 ; low attenuation area of more than 5mm, and vascular pruning with normal lung intervening=2 ; and diffuse low attenuation without intervening normal lung, and larger confluent low attenuation with vascular pruning and distortion of branching pattern occupying all or almost all the involved parenchyma=3. The involved area was also classified as one of four grades : less than 25%=1 ; 25 - 49%=2 ; 51 - 74%=3 ; and more than 75%=4. The CT emphysema score was defined as the average of the grade of severity multiplied by the grade of involved area. Pulmonary function tests, consisting of simple spirometry and a pulmonologist's interpretation, were evaluated. We also evaluated depth and size of lesion as known predisposing factors in postbioptic pneumothorax. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square test, Wilcoxon ranks sum W test and the student t test. A comparison between the two groups of occurrence(with or without pneumothorax) showed the emphysema scores to be 1.69{+-}2.0 and 1.11{+-}2.9, respectively ; there was thus no significant difference between the two groups (z= - 0.048, p>0.10). Nor were differences revealed by the

  1. Predisposing factors of pneumothorax in percutaneous transthoracic fine needle aspiration biopsy: comparison between CT emphysema score and pulmonary function test

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To compare the CT emphysema score with various factors of pulmonary function test by simple spirometry and to use the result as a predictor of pneumothorax in percutaneous transthoracic fine needle aspiration biopsy. The CT scans of 106 patients who had undergone percutaneous transthoracic fine needle aspiration biopsy of lung lesions within the previous 18 months were retrospectively reviewed. In 75 of these 106 cases, the results of the pulmonary function test were also reviewed. On plain chest radiography, pneumothorax was noted in 20 cases (19%). Emphysema was blindly evaluated. We divided each lung into four segments and determined the severity and involved volume of emphysema, as seen on CT. Severity was classified as one of four grades, as follow : absence of emphysema=0 ; low attenuation area of less than 5mm=1 ; low attenuation area of more than 5mm, and vascular pruning with normal lung intervening=2 ; and diffuse low attenuation without intervening normal lung, and larger confluent low attenuation with vascular pruning and distortion of branching pattern occupying all or almost all the involved parenchyma=3. The involved area was also classified as one of four grades : less than 25%=1 ; 25 - 49%=2 ; 51 - 74%=3 ; and more than 75%=4. The CT emphysema score was defined as the average of the grade of severity multiplied by the grade of involved area. Pulmonary function tests, consisting of simple spirometry and a pulmonologist's interpretation, were evaluated. We also evaluated depth and size of lesion as known predisposing factors in postbioptic pneumothorax. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square test, Wilcoxon ranks sum W test and the student t test. A comparison between the two groups of occurrence(with or without pneumothorax) showed the emphysema scores to be 1.69±2.0 and 1.11±2.9, respectively ; there was thus no significant difference between the two groups (z= - 0.048, p>0.10). Nor were differences revealed by the pulmonary

  2. Fine-needle aspirate CYFRA 21-1, an innovative new marker for diagnosis of axillary lymph node metastasis in breast cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Ji Soo; Han, Kyung Hwa; Kim, Eun-Kyung; Moon, Hee Jung; Yoon, Jung Hyun; Kim, Min Jung

    2015-05-01

    To compare the value of cytokeratin fragment 21-1 (CYFRA 21-1) concentration in the fine-needle biopsy aspirates (fine needle aspirate [FNA] CYFRA 21-1) with cytopathology of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNA cytology) and to assess whether CYFRA 21-1 concentrations from ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB) specimens (FNA CYFRA 21-1) is not inferior to FNA cytology in the diagnosis of axillary lymph node (ALN) metastasis of breast cancer patients.This study received institutional review board approval, and written informed consent was obtained from all patients. US-FNAB was performed in 373 ALNs from 358 patients with invasive breast cancer. Concentrations of CYFRA 21-1 were measured from washouts of the syringe used during US-FNAB (FNA CYFRA 21-1), and ALN metastasis was determined using a cutoff value of 1.93 ng/mL. FNA cytology, intraoperative sentinel lymph node biopsy, and surgical pathology results were reviewed and analyzed. The noninferiority margin for the difference in accuracies between FNA cytology and FNA CYFRA 21-1 was set as 5%.Among 373 ALNs, 136 (36.5%) were benign, and 237 (63.5%) were metastatic. The mean FNA CYFRA 21-1 was significantly higher in metastatic ALNs compared to that in benign ALNs (P = 0.001). For the diagnosis of ALN metastasis, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of FNA CYFRA 21-1 (cutoff value 1.93 ng/mL) were not significantly different from those of FNA cytology (P > 0.05). FNA CYFRA 21-1 reached statistical noninferiority to FNA cytology in terms of diagnostic accuracy for ALN metastasis. Of the 20 ALNs (8 metastasis, 12 benign) that showed insufficient results on FNA cytology, FNA CYFRA 21-1 accurately diagnosed 15 ALNs (4 metastasis, 11 benign).The diagnostic performance of FNA CYFRA 21-1 is comparable with that of FNA cytology for breast cancer ALN metastasis. Our results indicate that FNA CYFRA 21-1, using an US-FNAB specimen

  3. Fine needle aspirating and cutting is superior to Tru-cut core needle in liver biopsy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo-Ping Li; Gao-Quan Gong; Xiao-Lin Wang; Yi Chen; Jie-Min Cheng and Chang-Yu Li

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Liver  biopsy  is  the  "gold  standard"  for evaluating liver disorders, but controversies over the potential risk of complications and patient discomfort still exist. Using a 21G fine needle, we developed a new biopsy procedure, fine needle aspirating and cutting (FNAC). Our procedure obtains enough  tissue  for  pathological  examination  and  meanwhile, reduces the risk of biopsy complications. The present study was to determine the safety and efficiency of 21G FNAC compared with 18G Tru-cut core needle (TCN) in liver tumor biopsies. METHODS: Ninety-four patients with unresectable malignant tumors were included in this study. Patients were divided into 2 groups: 18G TCN and 21G FNAC. The total positive rate (TPR) and safety of both groups were compared. RESULTS: TPR was not different between the two groups. Liver puncture  track  subcapsular  hemorrhage  and  arteriovenous shunt  were  reported  with  18G  TCN  but  not  with  21G  FNAC. The incidence of pain caused by biopsy was higher for the 18G TCN group compared to the 21G FNAC group (P0.5  cm,  but  52.1%  in  the  21G  FNAC  group  (P CONCLUSIONS: TPR is not different between the 21G FNAC and 18G TCN biopsy procedures, but the safety of 21G FNAC is superior to that of 18G TCN. Tissues obtained by either of these two procedures are sufficient for a pathological diagnosis.

  4. Computed tomography-guided needle aspiration and biopsy of pulmonary lesions - A single-center experience in 1000 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poulou, Loukia S.; Tsagouli, Paraskevi; Thanos, Loukas [Dept. of Medical Imaging and Interventional Radiology, General Hospital of Chest Diseases ' Sotiria' , Athens (Greece)], e-mail: ploukia@hotmail.com; Ziakas, Panayiotis D. [Program of Outcomes Research, Div. of Infectious Diseases, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown Univ., RI, and Div. of Infectious Diseases, Rhode Island Hospital, Rhode Island (United States); Politi, Dimitra [Dept. of Cythopathology, General Hospital of Chest Diseases ' Sotiria' Athens (Greece); Trigidou, Rodoula [Dept. of Pathology, General Hospital of Chest Diseases ' Sotiria' Athens (Greece)

    2013-07-15

    Background: Computed tomography (CT)-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) and biopsies are well-established, minimally invasive diagnostic tools for pulmonary lesions. Purpose: To analyze retrospectively the results of 1000 consecutive lung CT-guided FNA and/or core needle biopsies (CNB), the main outcome measures being diagnostic yield, and complication rates. Material and Methods: Patients considered eligible were those referred to our department for lung lesions. The choice of FNA, CNB, or both was based upon the radiologist's judgment. Diagnostic yield was defined as the probability of having a definite result by cytology/histology. Results: The study included 733 male patients and 267 female patients, with a mean (SD) age of 66.4 (11.4) years. The mean (SD) lesion size was 3.7 (2.4) cm in maximal diameter. Six hundred and forty-one (64%) patients underwent an FNA procedure, 245 (25%) a CNB, and 114 (11%) had been subjected to both. The diagnostic yield was 960/994 (96.6%); this decreased significantly with the use of CNB only (odds ratio [OR] 0.32; 95% CI 0.12 - 0.88; P = 0.03), while it increased with lesion size (OR 1.35; 95% CI 1.03 - 1.79; P = 0.03 per cm increase). In 506 patients (52.7%), a malignant process was diagnosed by cytopathology/histology. The complication rate reached 97/1000 (9.7%); complications included: hemorrhage, 62 (6.2%); pneumothorax, 28 (2.8%); hemorrhage and pneumothorax, 5 (0.5%); and hemoptysis, 2 (0.2%). It was not significantly affected by the type of procedure or localization of the lesion. The overall risk for complications was three times higher for lesions <4 cm (OR 3.26; 95% CI 1.96 - 5.42; P < 0.001). Conclusion: CT-guided lung biopsy has a high diagnostic yield using FNA, CNB, or both. The CNB procedure alone will not suffice. Complication rates were acceptable and correlated inversely with lesion size, not localization or type of procedure.

  5. Sentinel lymph node biopsy in breast cancer--experience with the combined use of dye and radioactive tracer at Aarhus University Hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Mette Cathrine; Garne, Jens Peter; Sørensen, Flemming Brandt;

    2004-01-01

    -needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) were not included. For identifying the SLNs, a combination of Tc-99m-labelled human albumin (Solco-ALBU-RES) and blue dye (Patent Blue V) was used. No lymphoscintigraphy was performed. The SLN was successfully identified in 122 out of 124 (98%) patients and 66 (54%) patients were...... found to have metastatic involvement of the axillary lymph nodes. In 52 (79%) of these patients, the SLNs were the only nodes involved, 28 (54%) had micrometastasis only. The false-negative rate was 1.5%. This method has proven valid in the staging of the axilla in patients with breast cancer...

  6. Significance of fine-needle aspiration biopsy of peripheral lymph nodes upon the initial presentation of patients with lymphadenopathy of unknown etiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaljević Biljana

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Fine-needle aspiration biopsy is safe, simple, cost-effective and efficient technique providing rapid information and, therefore, directing further approach to a patient. Its findings are especially beneficial for verification of lymphoid origin of the enlarged growth, diagnostics and differentiation of metastatic, infectious, reactive and lymphomatous conditions; determination of the extent of tumor; detection of recurrence; monitoring of the course of disease; obtaining of material for special studies such as microbiological cultures, immunological or genetic studies as well as electron microscopy; in addition, for encouragement of patient in case of benign nature of the disease. At the Institute of Hematology, in three-year period, a total of 193 fine-needle aspiration biopsies were performed in 172 patients with the enlarged peripheral lymph nodes. Technically, aspiration biopsy was successful in 175/193 attempted interventions (91%. Punctates were analyzed by cytomorphology and subsequently compared with histopathological findings. In indistinguishable cases, additional immunocytochemical streptavidin-biotin peroxidase staining was carried out. In our studies, immunocytochemical analysis was performed in 63 out of 81 patients (78%, and diagnostic accuracy was 93.6% what was compatible with the results of other authors. It significantly corrected the earlier cytomorphological-histological congruence that used to be 83%. Immunocytochemistry has contributed to diagnostic value of cytological analysis of punctate, before all, in view of its higher diagnostic accuracy, which, according to majority of authors, is about 90%.

  7. Ultrasound guided Core Biopsy, Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology and Surgical Excision Biopsy in the diagnosis of metastatic squamous cell carcinoma in the head and neck: An eleven year experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Introduction: This study aims to review our 11 year experience of diagnosing metastatic squamous cell carcinoma presenting as head and neck lumps. The techniques of Ultrasound guided Core Biopsy (USCB), Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) and Surgical Excision Biopsy (SEB) are compared. Materials and methods: All patients with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) involving the lymph nodes of the head and neck or parotid gland, diagnosed at Eastbourne District General Hospital between January 1998 and November 2009 were identified. The following data items were collated: biopsy location (e.g. cervical lymph node or parotid), any history of likely primary SCC and site, type of biopsy used to establish a conclusive diagnosis (index diagnostic technique), previous biopsies, the technique and their results, subsequent histology results. Results: A total of 90 patients were diagnosed with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma. The index diagnostic technique was USCB in 48 patients, FNAC in 29 and SEB in 13. In 72 (80%) patients the index biopsy was the sole tissue sample taken prior to surgery or other treatment. The remaining 18 patients underwent a total of 22 previous biopsies prior to the index biopsy. 95% (21/22) of these previous biopsies were non-definitive FNAC and 5% (1/22) was a non-definitive USCB. FNACs also demonstrated the highest non-diagnostic rate (42%). The accuracy of USCB and FNAC in correlating with final histopathology was 97% and 85% respectively. Conclusions: USCB demonstrates excellent results in the diagnosis of metastatic SCC in the head and neck with higher accuracy and greater reliability than FNAC.

  8. Implementation of double-C-arm synchronous real-time X-ray positioning system computer aided for aspiration biopsy of small lung lesion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of a new type of real-time three-dimensional X-ray positioning system for aspiration biopsy of small lung lesions. Methods: Using X-ray imaging technology and X-ray collimator technology and combining with double-C-arm X-ray machine, two different synchronous real-time images were obtained from the vertical to the horizontal plane. Then, with the computer image processing and computer vision processing technologies, dynamic tracking for 3D information of a pulmonary lesion and the needle in aspiration, and the relative position of the two, were established. Results: There was no interference while the two imaging perpendicularly X-ray beam met, two synchronous real-time image acquisition and tracking of a lung lesion and a needle could be completed in free respiration. The average positioning system error was about 0.5 mm, the largest positioning error was about 1.0 mm, real-time display rate was 5 screen/sec. Conclusions: the establishment of a new type of double-C-arm synchronous real-time X-ray positioning system is feasible. It is available for the fast and accurate aspiration biopsy of small lung lesions. (authors)

  9. Biopsy with the New Essen Biopsy Forceps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter G. Traine

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To present initial experience with a novel biopsy method, the Essen biopsy forceps. Therefore, two patients with diagnostic suspicion of uveal melanoma underwent biopsy for histopathological confirmation. Case Presentation. Two patients presented with painless unilateral vision reduction. Ultrasound revealed the diagnostic suspicion of uveal melanoma. Therefore, biopsy with the Essen biopsy forceps using a sutureless 23-gauge three-port vitrectomy system was performed. The specimens were then submitted to a pathologist and processed. Histopathology of the obtained specimen confirmed the diagnostic suspicion of choroid melanoma in both patients. Conclusion. Essen biopsy forceps is a very practicable alternative method to the FNAB, allowing a combined histopathological and immunohistochemical examination for achieving high diagnostic accuracy at minimal risk.

  10. Metastatic renal cell carcinoma from a native kidney of a renal transplant patient diagnosed by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA biopsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaseen Alastal

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA biopsy sampling of enlarged lymph nodes is increasingly used to diagnose metastatic tumors, especially of the gastrointestinal tract and the lungs. Herein, we describe the diagnosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma from a native kidney of a 54 year-old male patient, who had a 5-years history of renal transplant, by EUS-FNA of mediastinal and celiac lymph nodes. Histological and immunohistochemical findings confirmed the origin of metastatic tumor. EUS-FNA with proper cytological evaluation can be useful in the diagnosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma in renal transplant patients. 

  11. K-ras gene mutation in the diagnosis of ultrasound guided fine-needle biopsy of pancreatic masses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Min Zheng; Lian-Xin Liu; An-Long Zhu; Shu-Yi Qi; Hong-Chi Jiang; Zhu-Ying Xiao

    2003-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the utility of K-ras mutation analysis ofultrasound guided fine-needle aspirate biopsy of pancreaticmasses.METHODS: Sixty-six ultrasound guided fine-needle biopsieswere evaluated by cytology, histology and k-ras mutation.The mutation at codon 12 of the k-ras oncogene wasdetected by artificial restriction fragment lengthpolymorphisms using Bst NI approach.RESULTS: The presence of malignant cells was reported in40 of 54 pancreatic carcinomas and K-ras mutations weredetected in 45 of the 54 FNABs of pancreatic carcinomas. Thesensitivity of cytology and k-ras mutation were 74 % and 83%, respectively. The speciality of cytology and k-ras mutationwere both 100 %. The sensitivity and speciality of k-ras mutationcombined with cytology were 83 % and 100 %, respectively.CONCLUSION: High diagnostic accuracy with acceptablediscomfort of FNAB make it useful in diagnosis of pancreaticcarcinoma. Ultrasound guided fine-needle biopsy is a safeand feasible method for diagnosing pancreatic cancer.Pancreatic carcinoma has the highest K-ras mutation rateamong all solid tumors. The mutation rate of k-ras is about80-100 %. The usage of mutation of codon 12 of k-rasoncogene combined with cytology is a good alternative forevaluation of pancreatic masses.

  12. Ultrasonography and fine-needle aspiration cytology can spare breast cancer patients unnecessary sentinel lymph node biopsy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.C. van Rijk; E.E. Deurloo; O.E. Nieweg; K.G.A. Gilhuijs; J.L. Peterse; E.J.T. Rutgers; R. Kroger; B.B.R. Kroon

    2006-01-01

    Background: Some 30% to 40% of the breast cancer patients scheduled for sentinel node biopsy have axillary metastasis. Pilot studies suggest that ultrasonography is useful in the preoperative detection of such nodes. The aims of this study were to evaluate the sensitivity of preoperative ultrasonogr

  13. Post-brushing and fine-needle aspiration biopsy follow-up and treatment options for patients with pancreatobiliary lesions: The Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel F. I. Kurtycz

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology (PSC has developed a set of guidelines for pancreatobiliary cytology including indications for endoscopic ultrasound (EUS guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA biopsy, techniques of EUS-FNA, terminology and nomenclature for pancreatobiliary cytology, ancillary testing and post-procedure management. All documents are based on the expertise of the authors, a review of the literature and discussions of the draft document at several national and international meetings over an 18 month period and synthesis of online comments of the draft document on the PSC web site (www.papsociety.org. This document selectively presents the results of these discussions and focuses on the follow-up and treatment options for patients after procedures performed for obtaining cytology samples for the evaluation of biliary strictures and solid and cystic masses in the pancreas. These recommendations follow the six-tiered terminology and nomenclature scheme proposed by committee III.

  14. Tuberculosis and Other Infectious Diseases Diagnosed on Computed Tomography (CT Guided Needle Aspiration and Biopsy of Thoracic Lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sepideh Rouhi

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Background/Objective: CT-guided biopsy provides results in a short period and can be applied on outpatient and even high-risk patients. The aim was to report our experience regarding infectious lesion diagnosis on CT-guided biopsy and to identify the complication rate of procedure. "nPatients and Methods: We evaluated 224 CT-guided biopsies of benign thoracic lesions performed from March 2004 to December 2008 retrospectively. All biopsies were performed by one radiologist with Westcott needle number 20 and 18. The CT scans were assessed by a trained general practitioner for the size and location of lesions and diagnosis of pneumothorax or pneumomediastinum and then all CT scans were double checked by the same radiologist. Lesions considered benign and the differentiations based on pathology reports. "nResults: In this series, 99 (44.2% infectious, 98 inflammatory, 14 neoplastic and 13 granulomatous lesions were found. In the infectious lesion group, 73 (73.7% of the lesions were bacterial, 20 (20.2% were fungal and six (6.1% were hydatid cysts. The location of the cases are as follows; 29 (29.3% in the right lower, 24 (24.2% in the left upper, 20 (20.2% in the right upper lobes and 26 were in other locations. 26% in the right middle, left lower lobes, mediastinum and the chest wall. The mean diameter of infectious masses and the distance of the lesions to the chest wall were 6.187 cm and 0.348 cm, respectively. Moreover, four cases with Tuberculosis were detected in the right lower (2, right upper (1 and left upper (1 lobes. Pneumothorax occurred in four infectious lesions, while chest tube was placed for only one case. "nConclusion: CT-guided needle biopsy seems to be a safe and feasible diagnostic modality with a low-risk probability of complications for infectious diseases.

  15. Percutaneous transthoracic biopsy for thoracic lesions: comparison of the utility of fine needle aspiration (FNA), percutaneous curring needle biopsy (PCNB) and combination of both methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, Won Sang; Choi, Young Hi; Kim, Tae Hoon; Seo, Jae Cheol; Na, Hye Myong; Ha, Mina Ha [College of Medicine, Dankook Univ., Chonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-03-01

    To assess the diagnostic role of FNA, PCNB, and a combination of both methods in patients who underwent percutaneous transthoracic biopsy for a malignant or benign intrathoracic lesion. We retrospectively reviewed the findings of 213 patients with an intrathoracic mass or consolidation who underwnt FNA (Group A, n=98), PCNB(Group B, n=31) or a combination of both methods (Group C, n=84). Under fluoroscopic guidance, diagnoses were based on the findings of surgery, biopsy at another site or clinical and radiologic follow-up. In the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant disease, and in the diagnosis of small-cell lung cancer, pulmonary tuberculosis, non-tuberculous infectious disease and benign mass, sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were statistically analysed in each group. Among 213 patients, lesions were malignant in 134 and benign in 79. In group A, sensitivity and specificity were 90.1% and 100% for malignant lesions, and 91.5% and 90.1% for benign, while in group B, the corresponding findings were 90.4% and 100% and 90.0% and 90.1 %. In group C, corresponding rates of 95.1% and 100% (p<0.05) and 100% and 92% (p<0.05) were recorded. In group C, accuracy and sensitivity were higher than in group A or (p<0.05). Post-procedural pneumothorax occurred in 15.3% of group A, 13.3% of group B, and 20.6% of group C, while hemoptysis was found in 7.1% of group A, 13.3 % group B, and 2.9% of group C. Among the three groups, the complication rate showed no statistically significant variation (p<0.05). In the specific diagnosis of small-cell lung cancer, the sensitivity and specificity of FNA and PCNB were, respectively, 100%, and 98.5%, and 90.0% and 98.0% (p<0.05); for tuberculosis, the corresponding figures were 35.0% and 100%, and 20.0% and 97.2 (p<0.05). FNA was better in the diagnosis of non-tuberculous infectious disease, while PCNB was better in the specific diagnosis of benign masses, without statistical significance. FNA is superior to PCNB in the

  16. Fine needle aspiration of the thyroid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thyroid nodule fine needle aspirate biopsy; Biopsy - thyroid - skinny-needle; Skinny-needle thyroid biopsy ... cleaned. A thin needle is inserted into the thyroid, and a sample of thyroid cells and fluid ...

  17. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION CYTOLOGY AND OPEN BIOPSY IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF CERVICAL LYMPHADENOPATHY IN RURAL TERTIARY CENTRE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karunamoorthy

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Lymphadenopathy is a very common clinical manifestation of many diseases, defined as an abnormality in the size or character of lymph nodes, caused by the invasion or propagation of either inflammatory cells or neoplastic cells into the node. The clinical examination may be inaccurate in differentiating benign from neoplastic enlargement of the lymph node. Surgical excision of a palpable peripheral lymph node is relatively simple; it does require anaesthesia, strict sterility and theatre time and it leaves behind a scar. Fine needle aspiration cytology offers the advantages of an immediate with little cost and trauma. The present study is being undertaken to evaluate its accuracy in the diagnosis of tuberculosis and malignancy of the cervical lymph nodes. AIM AND OBJECTIVE To assess the usefulness of FNAC in the diagnosing cervical lymph node enlargement and cytological features of common pathological conditions affecting the lymph nodes and to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of FNAC and open biopsy in cervical lymphadenopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 100 patients were subjected for the study at CMCH and RC, Irungalur. FNAC was performed under aseptic precaution of the cervical lymph nodes using a 22G needle and HPE correlation was obtained for these patients remaining. These patients were subjected to surgical excision for radical dissection and the HPE correlation for specimen was obtained. RESULTS The result shows that the age wise distribution of patient with benign lesions were within 21-25 age groups and those with malignant lesion were in 31-50 age groups. Among the incidence of male-to-female ratio was 107:93. The duration of symptom was <6 months (<3 cm 50%/3-6 months 45%. The gross morphology shows that TB adenitis patient with positive matting nodes were 18 out of 25 patients were positive for matted nodes (94.47%. According to AJCC cancer staging the size of the nodes were assessed, which shows most of the nodes <3

  18. Aspiration pneumonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anaerobic pneumonia; Aspiration of vomitus; Necrotizing pneumonia; Aspiration pneumonitis ... The type of bacteria that caused the pneumonia depends on: Your ... facility, for example) Whether you were recently hospitalized ...

  19. Preoperative assessment of thyroid nodules: role of ultrasonography and fine needle aspiration biopsy followed by cytology Avaliação preoperatória de nódulos thireóides: papel da ultrassonografia e da biópsia de aspiraçào por agulha fina, seguida de citologia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosalinda YA Camargo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE:To evaluate the preoperative assessment of thyroid nodules using ultrasound studies and cytology of nodular aspirates. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 2,468 patients with thyroid nodules were examined from 1999 to 2005. All patients were clinically examined and underwent ultrasonography followed by fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB and cytology. RESULTS:Nodules larger than 10 mm were classified ultrasonographically in a 4-tier system and received a score according to the criterion of possible malignancy. Cytological examinations were conducted independently by 2 cytologists and classified as benign (score 1, indeterminate (score 2, suspicious (score 3, and malignant (score 6. Combining both scores, an index was generated that would indicate a higher probability of malignancy (benign, doubtful, suspicious, and malignant. Thyroid surgery was performed in 274 patients. Of those, 115 patients had a score of 2 to 5 and only 8 had a histological diagnosis of thyroid cancer (6.9%. For patients with a score of 5 (n = 51, 11.5% had a malignant lesion, and 51% of the 61 patients with a score of 6 had confirmed thyroid cancer. Of the 98 patients with a combined score of 7 to 10, 99% had a histological confirmation of malignancy. CONCLUSIONS: The index score had a sensitivity of 94.1% and specificity of 77.5%. The overall accuracy was 85.8%. Therefore, we concluded that this methodology may improve the preoperative diagnosis of thyroid cancer in nodules larger than 10 mm. Association with other methods such as color Doppler echography, serum TSH concentration, galectin-3 expression analysis, and FDG/PET scan would be useful in avoiding the higher costs of thyroid surgical procedures.OBJETIVO: Avaliar a possibilidade de diagnóstico pré-operativo de nódulos da tireóide (de diâmetro superior a 10mm usando ultra-sonografia da glândula tireóide e citologia de punção aspirativa por agulha fina guiada pela ultra-sonografia. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: N

  20. Bone Biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Physician Resources Professions Site Index A-Z Bone Biopsy Bone biopsy uses a needle and imaging guidance ... limitations of Bone Biopsy? What is a Bone Biopsy? A bone biopsy is an image-guided procedure ...

  1. 背景音乐在甲状腺细针穿刺抽吸活检术中的应用%Application of background music for patients undergoing thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡蒙; 张杰; 胡芳; 唐万斌

    2015-01-01

    [目的]探讨背景音乐对行甲状腺细针穿刺抽吸活检术病人手术过程中焦虑状态、疼痛及术后并发症的影响。[方法]选择在天津某三级甲等医院行甲状腺细针穿刺活检术的病人120例,采用随机数字表法随机分成干预组及对照组各60例。手术过程中,对照组病人只接受常规护理,干预组在常规护理基础上播放背景音乐,分别应用状态焦虑量表和疼痛数字评分表法对两组病人的焦虑和疼痛程度进行评定,并观察病人术后虚脱及手术24 h后疼痛的情况。[结果]手术前两组的焦虑状态评分差异无统计学意义(t=0.300,P>0.05)。手术后干预组焦虑状态评分、疼痛评分及术后虚脱的发生率均明显低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P0.05)。[结论]甲状腺细针穿刺抽吸活检术中播放背景音乐能降低病人的焦虑程度和对疼痛的敏感性,缓解其紧张情绪,并能减少术后并发症的发生。%Objective:To probe into the influence of background music on anxiety,pain and postoperative compli-cations in patients undergoing thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy.Methods:A total of 120 patients receiving thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy in a three grade A hospital in Tianjin were selected and randomly divided into intervention group and control group by using random number table,60 cases in each.During surgery,the patients in control group only received routine care,the background music was played for patients in interven-tion group in addition to routine care.Then the State Anxiety Inventory (SAI)scale and Numerical Rating Scale (NRS)were used for assessment of anxiety and pain of two groups of patients,and to observe the pa-tients’postoperative exhaustion and pain after 24 hours after surgery.Results:The results showed that there was no statistically significant difference in SAI score between both groups before operation (t=0.300,P>0.05). After operation,the SAI,NRS scores and the

  2. Comparative analysis of fine-needle aspiration cell block biopsy, cells smear and postoperative pathological diagnosis in 118 patients with breast lumps%118例乳腺肿块细胞块活检、细胞涂片和术后病理诊断对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卞铁荣; 邢宏运; 唐利; 李燕; 陈庄; 吴云飞

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic value of the fine-needle aspiration cell block biopsy in breast lumps.Methods:One hundred and eighteen patients with breast lumps were examined by fine-needle aspiration cells smear,fine-needle aspiration cell block biopsy and postoperative histological pathology diagnosis,then the resuits were analyzed.Results:Compared with fine-needle aspiration ceils smear,fine-needle aspiration cell block biopsy showed higher sensitivity,specificity,overall diagnostic coincidence rate,negative accuracy rate,positive accuracy rate,and lower false positive rate and false negative rate.Especially for the negative accuracy rate,fine-needle aspiration cell block biopsy was 77.27% (17/22),while fine-needle aspiration cells smear was 65.38%(17/26).Conclusion:The results of comparative analysis suggested that fine-needle aspiration cell block biopsy had unique value for breast lumps.This method was not only fast,simple and relatively accurate,but also the related diagnosis indexes of fine-needle aspiration cell block biopsy were superior to the fine-needle aspiration cells smear.And the characteristics of fine-needle aspiration cell block biopsy in the initial diagnostic procedure can provide important reference for clinic doctors.%目的:探讨针吸细胞块活检确诊乳腺肿块的诊断价值.方法:对118例乳腺肿块患者经针吸细胞涂片检查、针吸细胞块活检与术后组织学病理诊断对比分析.结果:针吸细胞块活检与针吸细胞学涂片的的诊断结果比较,前者的敏感性、特异性、总体诊断符合率、阴性准确率、阳性准确率均要高出后者,假阳性率及假阴性率亦低于后者.尤其阴性准确率,针吸细胞块活检为77.27%(17/22),针吸细胞学涂片为65.38%(17/26),高出近12%.结论:细胞块活检对乳腺癌肿块诊断有独特价值,该方法不仅快速、简便,较为准确,而且综合之相关诊断指标优于细胞涂片的结果,并能弥补细

  3. Prospective validation of microRNA signatures for detecting pancreatic malignant transformation in endoscopic-ultrasound guided fine-needle aspiration biopsies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frampton, Adam E.; Krell, Jonathan; Prado, Mireia Mato; Gall, Tamara M.H.; Abbassi-Ghadi, Nima; Del Vecchio Blanco, Giovanna; Funel, Niccola; Giovannetti, Elisa; Castellano, Leandro; Basyouny, Mohamed; Habib, Nagy A.; Kaltsidis, Harry; Vlavianos, Panagiotis; Stebbing, Justin; Jiao, Long R.

    2016-01-01

    Background Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a lethal disease. Novel biomarkers are required to aid treatment decisions and improve patient outcomes. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are potentially ideal diagnostic biomarkers, as they are stable molecules, and tumour and tissue specific. Results Logistic regression analysis revealed an endoscopic-ultrasound fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) 2-miRNA classifier (miR-21 + miR-155) capable of distinguishing benign from malignant pancreatic lesions with a sensitivity of 81.5% and a specificity of 85.7% (AUC 0.930). Validation FNA cohorts confirmed both miRNAs were overexpressed in malignant disease, while circulating miRNAs performed poorly. Methods Fifty-five patients with a suspicious pancreatic lesion on cross-sectional imaging were evaluated by EUS-FNA. At echo-endoscopy, the first part of the FNA was sent for cytological assessment and the second part was used for total RNA extraction. Candidate miRNAs were selected after careful review of the literature and expression was quantified by qRT-PCR. Validation was performed on an independent cohort of EUS-FNAs, as well as formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) and plasma samples. Conclusions We provide further evidence for using miRNAs as diagnostic biomarkers for pancreatic malignancy. We demonstrate the feasibility of using fresh EUS-FNAs to establish miRNA-based signatures unique to pancreatic malignant transformation and the potential to enhance risk stratification and selection for surgery. PMID:27086919

  4. C臂透视引导下经皮肺穿刺活检临床应用分析%Clinical application of percutaneous aspiration lung biopsy guided by C-arm X-ray perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张华

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨DSA设备C臂透视引导下经皮肺穿刺活检成功率及临床应用价值。方法应用半自动活检针在C臂透视引导下进行经皮肺穿刺活检397例患者,分析其影像学及临床表现。结果397例患者中穿刺成功率99.75%,经手术病理证实诊断准确率99.54%,并发症发生率11.62%。结论 C臂透视引导下经皮肺穿刺活检成功率高、诊断准确并发症低,具有较高的临床应用价值。%Objective To probe into the cure rate ,diagnostic rate ,diagnostic accuracy ,complication rate and clinical value of percutaneous aspiration lung biopsy (PALB) guided by C‐arm X‐ray perspective under DSA .Methods The appli‐cation of semi automatic biopsy needle was retrospectively analyzed in 397 treated cases of PALB under C‐arm X‐ray per‐spective .Results Among the 397 patients studied ,the puncture success ratio was 99 .75% ,the diagnostic rate 100% , the diagnostic accuracy proved by operation and pathology was 99 .54% and the complication rate was 11 .62% .Conclusion The high cure rate ,diagnostic rate and diagnostic accuracy of PALB under C‐arm X‐ray with low complication rate have proved that it is a safe ,simple and effective diagnostic method ,which is of great clinical application value .

  5. Gum biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - gingiva (gums) ... used to close the opening created for the biopsy. ... to eat for a few hours before the biopsy. ... Risks for this procedure include: Bleeding from the biopsy site Infection of the gums Soreness

  6. Renal Tumor Biopsy Technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lei Zhang; Xue-Song Li; Li-Qun Zhou

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To review hot issues and future direction of renal tumor biopsy (RTB) technique.Data Sources:The literature concerning or including RTB technique in English was collected from PubMed published from 1990 to 2015.Study Selection:We included all the relevant articles on RTB technique in English,with no limitation of study design.Results:Computed tomography and ultrasound were usually used for guiding RTB with respective advantages.Core biopsy is more preferred over fine needle aspiration because of superior accuracy.A minimum of two good-quality cores for a single renal tumor is generally accepted.The use of coaxial guide is recommended.For biopsy location,sampling different regions including central and peripheral biopsies are recommended.Conclusion:In spite of some limitations,RTB technique is relatively mature to help optimize the treatment of renal tumors.

  7. Punção aspirativa por agulha fina guiada por ultra-sonografia de nódulos tireoidianos: estudo de 63 casos Ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy of thyroid nodules: study of 63 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Andrade Tinoco de Souza

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho foi revisada a técnica empregada na execução da punção aspirativa por agulha fina guiada por ultra-sonografia, e são descritos os seus benefícios no diagnóstico de nódulos tireoidianos. Foram realizadas punções aspirativas por agulha fina em 63 pacientes do Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, encaminhados ao Serviço de Radiodiagnóstico, no período de agosto de 2001 a junho de 2002. Dos 63 pacientes estudados, 58 (92% eram do sexo feminino e cinco (8% eram do sexo masculino, com uma relação mulher/homem de cerca de 11:1. Trinta e um pacientes (49% se situaram na quinta e sexta décadas de vida. Oitenta e nove por cento dos pacientes apresentaram-se com nódulos múltiplos ao exame ecográfico; apenas 11% dos pacientes tinham nódulo único. Em relação aos laudos citológicos dos nódulos puncionados, 47% foram benignos, 31%, suspeitos, 17%, inadequados e apenas 5%, malignos. Todos os nódulos malignos (três pacientes tiveram o diagnóstico citológico de carcinoma papilífero. Dos nódulos benignos, 93% foram diagnosticados como hiperplasia nodular e apenas 7% tiveram diagnóstico de tireoidite. Dos laudos considerados inadequados, 70% foram considerados hemorrágicos, sendo 30% considerados hipocelulares. Os dados encontrados no nosso trabalho estiveram de acordo com os encontrados na literatura médica.In this study we reviewed the technique for ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy and its benefits in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration was performed in 63 patients referred to the Department of Radiology of "Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro", Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, between August 2001 and June 2002. Fifty-eight (92% of the patients were female and five patients (8% were male; 11:1 female/male ratio. Thirty-one patients (49% had 50-60 years of age and 89

  8. Evaluation of shear wave elastography for guiding real-time fine-needle aspiration biopsy of superficial organs%剪切波弹性成像引导浅表器官细针穿刺活检的实时性评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢晋放; 乔晓慧; 金宇飚; 高峰; 张佳杰

    2015-01-01

    目的:评价剪切波弹性成像(SWE)引导浅表器官细针穿刺活检的实时性。方法随机选取浅表器官细针穿刺活检患者41例,其中男性22例,女性19例;年龄26~68岁,中位年龄46岁。选用法国SuperSonic Imagine公司生产的Aixplorer超声诊断仪(配备SWE),启动SWE成像模式实时引导浅表器官细针穿刺。结果患者均可耐受,在探头扫查切面保持不变的情况下,利用SWE可以成功完成穿刺全程的实时监视引导,可以将穿刺部位精确地定位于病灶内硬度最高区域,穿刺针尖显示清晰。结论应用剪切波弹性成像可以实时引导浅表器官细针穿刺活检,但图像帧频需要进一步提高。%Objective To probe into the feasibility of using shear wave elastography (SWE) for guiding re-al-time fine-needle aspiration biopsy of superficial organs. Methods Forty-one patients, including 22 males and 19 females, aged 26~28 years old (46 years old in mean), who need fine-needle aspiration biopsy for their superficial or-gans, were randomly selected. The special ultrasonic diagnosis system Aixplorer (SuperSonic Imagine Company, France) was applied. SWE imaging model was used for real-time fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Results All patients could tolerate the treatment. With the scanning plane of probe remained unchanged, using SWE could successfully complete the real-time monitoring of the whole guided fine-needle aspiration of superficial organs. The site of fine-needle aspiration could be accurately positioned to the highest hardness region of SWE. The puncture needle dis-played clearly. Conclusion Using shear wave elastography can guide real-time fine-needle aspiration biopsy of su-perficial organs, but the image frame rate of SWE needs to be further improved.

  9. Skin Biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... skin condition cannot be diagnosed by the patient's history and what the physician finds on examination alone. Confirming a clinical diagnosis may also be necessary prior to starting therapy. Skin biopsy types are as follows: Shave biopsies Punch biopsies ...

  10. Liver biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - liver; Percutaneous biopsy ... the biopsy needle to be inserted into the liver. This is often done by using ultrasound. The ... the chance of damage to the lung or liver. The needle is removed quickly. Pressure will be ...

  11. Biopsy - polyps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polyp biopsy ... are treated is the colon. How a polyp biopsy is done depends on the location: Colonoscopy or flexible sigmoidoscopy explores the large bowel Colposcopy-directed biopsy examines the vagina and cervix Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) or ...

  12. Nerve biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - nerve ... A nerve biopsy is most often done on a nerve in the ankle, forearm, or along a rib. The health care ... feel a prick and a mild sting. The biopsy site may be sore for a few days ...

  13. Endometrial biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - endometrium ... The biopsy is normal if the cells in the sample are not abnormal. ... Risks of endometrial biopsy include: Infection Causing a hole in (perforating) the uterus or tearing the cervix (rarely occurs) Prolonged bleeding Slight spotting ...

  14. Diagnostic Efficacy of Fine Needle Aspiration in Parotid Mass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebrahim Razmpa

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The preoperative diagnostic evaluation of the parotid lesion is a valuable aid in planning the operation and the approach to intervention. Among different diagnostic tools, Fine Needle Aspiration has a key role. However, the exact efficacy of this technique in our center had not been thoroughly investigated. Materials and Methods: Between January 2000 and June 2007 a subset of 64 patients who had agreed to undergo preoperative FNAB was selected. The FNAB diagnoses were compared with those of the surgical specimens as the gold standard. Then, sensitivity, specificity, predictive value, and pertinent characteristics of the patients were evaluated. Finally, the results were analyzed with SPSS version14. Results: During the study period, 81 patients underwent parotidectomy, only 64 of whom had the FNA before surgery, so only the data collected from 64 patients were evaluated. The most common clinical presentation 75% (48 patients was a parotid mass. The second common presentation was facial paralysis at 17.2% (11 patients, followed by pain at 7.8%.  The result of FNA sensitivity was 82.5% and specificity was 93.3%. The accuracy of the test was 87.5%. Positive predictive value was 93.3% and negative predictive value was 82.35%. Conclusion: Fine-needle aspiration cytology is a reliable method in the evaluation of parotid tumors with a fairly high specificity and sensitivity rate.

  15. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous thoracoabdominal biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ojalehto, M; Tikkakoski, T; Rissanen, T; Apaja-Sarkkinen, M

    2002-03-01

    This review will discuss the benefits and disadvantages of ultrasound-guided percutaneous fine-needle aspiration and cutting needle biopsies. Clinical efficacy, cost-effectiveness, some controversies and safety will be reviewed. PMID:12010294

  16. Punção aspirativa por agulha fina no diagnóstico de linfadenopatias e tumores sólidos em crianças e adolescentes Fine needle aspiration biopsy in the diagnosis of lymphadenopathies and solid tumors in children and adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wallace Acioli Freire de Gois

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a importância diagnóstica da punção aspirativa por agulha fina (PAAF em crianças e adolescentes portadores de linfadenopatias e tumores sólidos. MÉTODOS: Análise retrospectiva dos pacientes com idade igual ou inferior a 18 anos, atendidos no Centro de Pediatria Cirúrgica do Hospital Universitário de Brasília, Universidade de Brasília, no período de julho de 2000 a julho de 2005. Foram calculados: sensibilidade, especificidade, precisão (acurácia diagnóstica, valor preditivo positivo e valor preditivo negativo. RESULTADOS: Em 50 pacientes estudados, os resultados da PAAF mostraram sensibilidade de 90,9%; especificidade de 100%, precisão diagnóstica de 95% e valores preditivos positivo e negativo de 100% e 90%, respectivamente. CONCLUSÃO: Em nossa experiência, a PAAF é um método preciso, simples e seguro, útil no diagnóstico de linfadenopatias e tumores sólidos em crianças e adolescentes.BACKGROUND: To evaluate the diagnostic value of the fine needle aspiration biopsy in children and adolescents with solid tumors or lymphadenopathy. METHODS: 18 years old or less patients were observed since July 2000 to July 2005. We observed: sensibility, specificity, diagnostic accuracy and predictive value. RESULTS: In 50 studied patients the fine needle aspiration biopsy we found 90.9% sensibility, 100% specificity, 95% diagnostic accuracy, 100% positive predictive value and 90% negative predictive value. CONCLUSION: The fine needle aspiration biopsy is a easy, safe and accurate diagnostic method for solid tumors and lymphadenopathies.

  17. Needle biopsy of the breast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millis, R R

    1984-01-01

    Recently, there has been a considerable increase in the use of both fine-needle aspiration biopsy (aspiration cytology) and tissue-core needle biopsy of the breast. In patients with suspected breast cancer, needle biopsy is frequently used to confirm the diagnosis before treatment is planned. This allows a more thoughtful approach to the patient and full screening for possible metastatic disease prior to definitive surgery. Needle biopsy techniques are simple, rapid, can be performed in the doctor's office, and save time, equipment, and hospital beds. Complications are few. Aspiration cytology has the advantage that it is quick to perform, the preparation can be examined almost immediately and, in the event of an unsatisfactory smear, the procedure can be repeated. However, the diagnosis is based on purely cytological evaluation, and the information obtained is somewhat limited. Reported accuracy rates range from 42 to 96%. False positive reports are rare but have occurred in most centers, and a high degree of accuracy will only be obtained by experienced practitioners. Tissue-core needle biopsy has the advantage that the diagnosis is based on histopathological assessment, but the procedure is slightly more time consuming, is more traumatic for the patient, and the equipment is more expensive. Accuracy rates range from 67 to 98.5%. During the past 4 years, 329 tissue-core (Tru-Cut) biopsies have been performed in the Guy's Hospital Breast Unit, with an accuracy rate of 83% in the diagnosis of carcinoma. The procedure has been acceptable to most patients, and complications have been minimal. Studies comparing the use of aspiration cytology and tissue-core needle biopsy in the diagnosis of mammary carcinoma have produced variable results. Both methods have advantages and disadvantages, and the choice of technique must depend on the clinical situation and the preferences and skills of the practitioners involved in the management of the patient. PMID:6377049

  18. Tongue biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - tongue ... A tongue biopsy can be done using a needle. You will get numbing medicine at the place where the ... provider will gently stick the needle into the tongue and remove a tiny piece of tissue. Some ...

  19. Parathyroid biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Feel The test feels like a quick needle jab or stick. You may feel a sting as ... activities the same day. Alternative Names Biopsy - parathyroid Images Endocrine glands Parathyroid biopsy References Pellitteri PK, Sofferman ...

  20. Endoscopic ultrasound and endobronchial ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration of deep-seated lymphadenopathy: Analysis of 1338 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amberly L Nunez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: We retrospectively studied 1338 samples of lymph nodes obtained by endoscopic and endobronchial ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (EUS and EBUS-FNAB with an objective of characterizing the utility of this diagnostic modality in the assessment of deep-seated lymphadenopathy. The secondary aims were to establish the utility in the diagnosis of lymphoma and to determine the number of passes required to obtain adequate cellularity for flow cytometric analysis. Materials and Methods: On-site assessment was performed by a cytopathologist using Diff-Quik (American Scientific Products, McGraw Park, IL stain. In addition, Papanicolaou and immunohistochemical stains were performed and additional samples were sent for flow cytometric analyses (n = 145. The final cytologic diagnosis was correlated with surgical pathology diagnosis and/or clinical follow-up. In select cases, fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis with specific probes was performed on Diff-Quik smears. Results: Both morphology as well as ancillary studies (flow cytometry or immunohistochemical stain and/or fluorescence in situ hybridization show that EUS and EBUS-FNA are effective techniques to detect and stage intrathoracic and intra-abdominal tumors. Operating characteristics show that these are highly sensitive (89% and specific (100% techniques for the diagnosis of lymphoma. At least two passes provided an average of 5.66 million cells (range, 0.12-62.32 million for lymphoma cases. Conclusions: EUS and EBUS-FNA are powerful modalities to stage malignancies and at least two passes can provide adequate cells for flow cytometric analysis. We also demonstrate that fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis can be performed on Diff-Quik-stained and mounted smears.

  1. 超声引导下穿刺粗针病理学和细胞学及细针细胞学在甲状腺微小结节中的诊断价值%Evaluation of the efficacy and the limitation of ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy, core-needle aspiration and fine-needle aspiration in micro-nodules of thyroid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张少航; 牛丽娟

    2014-01-01

    目的 研究超声引导下粗针病理学检查(ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy,USCNB)、粗针细胞学检查(ultrasound-guided core-needle aspiration,US-CNA)及细针细胞学检查(ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration,US-FNA)在甲状腺微小结节诊断中的价值.方法 对92例超声诊断为可疑恶性的甲状腺微小结节患者的92个结节进行穿刺.所有病例经手术治疗有病理证实.其中52例行US-CNB及US-FNA;另外40例行US-CNA及US-FNA.结果 52例行US-CNB和US-FNA患者中,41例US-CNB取材不满意,11例取材满意,且诊断与术后病理符合;52例US-FNA取材均满意,均有明确诊断,6例与术后病理不符,46例与术后病理符合.40例行US-CNA、US-FNA的患者中,26例US-CNA取材成功,14例取材失败或欠满意;36例US-FNA取材成功,4例取材失败或欠满意.92例US-FNA对于鉴别甲状腺微小良、恶性结节的敏感度、特异度、阳性预测值、阴性预测值、符合率分别为93.4%、86.7%、97.3%、72.2%、92.3%.结论 US-FNA是甲状腺微小结节的术前穿刺最有价值的活检方式.%Objective To evaluate the efficacy and the limitation of ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy,ultrasound-guided core-needle aspiration and ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration in micronodules of thyroid.Methods A retrospective was performed in 92 patients with suspectable malignent micro-nodules in thyroid.Of them,52 patients underwent US-CNB and US-FNA and 40 patients underwent US-CNA and US-FNA.The diagnoses for the micro-nodules were identified by histopathlogical examination after surgery.Result Among 52 cases with both US-CNB and US-FNA,41 got nondiagnostic US-CNB and 11 cases successfully got the correct diagnoses of US-CNB ; 6 cases got the incorrect diagnosis of US-FNA and 46 cases got the correct diagnosis of US-FNA.Of 40 cases with US-CNA and US-FNA,unsatisfactory specimen of US-CNA occurred in 14 cases and satisfactory specimen of US-CNA were got in 26 cases

  2. [Fine needle aspiration cytology of mammography screening

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engvad, B.; Laenkholm, A.V.; Schwartz, Thue W.;

    2009-01-01

    diagnostic classes were introduced. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality assurance programme in a screening population to determine whether fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) as first choice remains a useful tool in the preoperative diagnostics, or if needle core biopsy should be the first...

  3. Synovial biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... small incision. After anesthesia, an instrument called a trocar is inserted into the joint space. This tool ... area. A biopsy grasper is inserted through the trocar and turned to cut out a tissue segment. ...

  4. Testicular biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - testicle ... or at a hospital. The skin over the testicle is cleaned with a germ-killing (antiseptic) medicine. ... through the skin. A small piece of the testicle tissue is removed. The opening in the testicle ...

  5. Assessment of pancreatic neoplasms: review of biopsy techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldin, Steven B; Bradner, Michael W; Zervos, Emmanuel E; Rosemurgy, Alexander S

    2007-06-01

    Pancreatic cancer is the 4th leading cause of cancer death annually. Recent technological advances in imaging have led to non-uniformity in the evaluation of pancreatic neoplasms. The following article describes the history behind various biopsy techniques and the rationale for obtaining a biopsy of a pancreatic neoplasm and discusses the benefits and disadvantages of the various pancreatic biopsy techniques, including fine needle aspiration biopsy, Tru-cut needle biopsy, endoscopic brushings/cytology, and endoscopic ultrasound guided biopsies. A treatment algorithm for pancreatic neoplasms is then presented. PMID:17562121

  6. 42 Cases of Clinical Research on CT-guided Transbronchial Needle Aspira-tion Biopsy of Mediastinal Lymph Nodes%胸部 CT 影像学支持下经电子支气管镜纵隔淋巴结针吸活检42例临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周锦添

    2014-01-01

    目的:研究胸部CT影像学支持下电子支气管镜纵隔淋巴结针吸活检术的应用和临床效果。方法研究通过将我院2009年1月~2011年12月接诊的纵隔淋巴结肿大的患者42例作为研究对象,使用电子支气管镜下针吸活检对纵隔淋巴结肿大的病因诊断率达近70%。结果经活检病理学分析作出诊断的纵隔淋巴结为29例,诊断率为69.05%,13例为未明确诊断。其中恶性肿瘤最多有21例,占总数的50%。所有42例患者均无严重并发症而终止手术。结论电子支气管镜在胸部CT影像学支持下纵隔淋巴结针吸活检,诊断率高,适合疾病的诊断及肿瘤分期,是一种值得推广的诊断技术。%Objective To study the clinical application of CT -guided transbronchial needle aspiration biopsy of me-diastinal lymph nodes(TBNA).Methods CT-guided TBNA was performed on 42 patients with enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes , which were admitted by our hospital from January 2009 to December 2011.Results 29 cases were suc-cessfully diagnosed by mediastinal lymph node biopsy , with diagnosis rate of 69.05%, in which malignant tumors ac-counted for a majority as 50%with 21 cases, while 13 cases remained unclear.None of the 42 surgeries was terminated by serious complications .Conclusions Mediastinal lymph nodes biopsy performed by CT -guided transbronchial needle aspiration is a worthy diagnostic technique , in disease diagnosis and tumor staging , with a high diagnosis rate .

  7. Endomyocardial biopsy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As the result of recent improvements in catheter design and pathologic interpretation, transvascular endomyocardial biopsy has become an important component in the invasive evaluation of patients with known or suspected primary myocardial dysfunction. Because significant controversy remains about the definition, frequency, natural history, and optimal treatment, of many of these myocardial disorders, however, use of the endomyocardial biopsy in the routine evaluation of patients with myocardial disease varies from center to center. This chapter focuses on the currently available techniques for endomyocardial histology appears most valuable, rather than on a precise listing of current indications for this procedure

  8. Ureteral retrograde brush biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - brush - urinary tract; Retrograde ureteral brush biopsy cytology; Cytology - ureteral retrograde brush biopsy ... to be biopsied is rubbed with the brush. Biopsy forceps may be used instead to collect a ...

  9. Diagnostic Challenges in the Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of Chronic Sclerosing Sialadenitis (Küttner's Tumor) in the Context of Head and Neck Malignancy: A Series of 4 Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leon, Marino E; Santosh, Neetha; Agarwal, Amit; Teknos, Theodoros N; Ozer, Enver; Iwenofu, O Hans

    2016-09-01

    Chronic sclerosing sialadenitis (CSS) is a benign chronic inflammatory condition of the salivary gland. Clinically, CSS patients may present with a neck mass, often suggesting a neoplastic process. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is frequently used to evaluate these lesions. We present a series of 4 patients with CSS, in whom all but one had history of squamous cell carcinoma. The previous diagnosis of malignancy appeared to influence the interpretation of the cytologic preparations. Four patients who had undergone resection of a neck nodule that eventually was diagnosed as CSS were identified. FNA was performed in all 4 cases, and the final cytologic diagnosis in these cases included squamous cell carcinoma, basaloid neoplasm, and salivary gland neoplasm. During intraoperative consultation, the lesions were identified as benign, atrophic salivary gland with chronic inflammation, or sialadenitis with atypical glands. All resected specimens were submitted for histopathological examination and were considered diagnostic for CSS. CSS is a potential pitfall in the FNA interpretation of salivary gland lesions, especially if there is a previous history of head and neck malignancy. Awareness of this entity, adherence to strict cytologic criteria, and careful clinicopathologic correlation are helpful in preventing misinterpretation and unnecessary surgical intervention. PMID:26909791

  10. Poverty and aspirations failure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dalton, P.S.; Ghosal, S.; Mani, A.

    2016-01-01

    We develop a theoretical framework to study the psychology of poverty and ‘aspirations failure’, defined as the failure to aspire to one’s own potential. In our framework, rich and the poor persons share the same preferences and same behavioral bias in setting aspirations. We show that poverty can e

  11. Image-guided breast biopsy: state-of-the-art

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O' Flynn, E.A.M., E-mail: lizoflynn@doctors.org.u [South East London Breast Screening Programme and National Breast Screening Training Centre, Kings College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London SE5 9RS (United Kingdom); Wilson, A.R.M.; Michell, M.J. [South East London Breast Screening Programme and National Breast Screening Training Centre, Kings College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London SE5 9RS (United Kingdom)

    2010-04-15

    Percutaneous image-guided breast biopsy is widely practised to evaluate predominantly non-palpable breast lesions. There has been steady development in percutaneous biopsy techniques. Fine-needle aspiration cytology was the original method of sampling, followed in the early 1990s by large core needle biopsy. The accuracy of both has been improved by ultrasound and stereotactic guidance. Larger bore vacuum-assisted biopsy devices became available in the late 1990s and are now commonplace in most breast units. We review the different types of breast biopsy devices currently available together with various localization techniques used, focusing on their advantages, limitations and current controversial clinical management issues.

  12. Image-guided breast biopsy: state-of-the-art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Flynn, E A M; Wilson, A R M; Michell, M J

    2010-04-01

    Percutaneous image-guided breast biopsy is widely practised to evaluate predominantly non-palpable breast lesions. There has been steady development in percutaneous biopsy techniques. Fine-needle aspiration cytology was the original method of sampling, followed in the early 1990s by large core needle biopsy. The accuracy of both has been improved by ultrasound and stereotactic guidance. Larger bore vacuum-assisted biopsy devices became available in the late 1990s and are now commonplace in most breast units. We review the different types of breast biopsy devices currently available together with various localization techniques used, focusing on their advantages, limitations and current controversial clinical management issues. PMID:20338392

  13. Image-guided breast biopsy: state-of-the-art

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Percutaneous image-guided breast biopsy is widely practised to evaluate predominantly non-palpable breast lesions. There has been steady development in percutaneous biopsy techniques. Fine-needle aspiration cytology was the original method of sampling, followed in the early 1990s by large core needle biopsy. The accuracy of both has been improved by ultrasound and stereotactic guidance. Larger bore vacuum-assisted biopsy devices became available in the late 1990s and are now commonplace in most breast units. We review the different types of breast biopsy devices currently available together with various localization techniques used, focusing on their advantages, limitations and current controversial clinical management issues.

  14. Nasal mucosal biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - nasal mucosa; Nose biopsy ... to fast for a few hours before the biopsy. ... Nasal mucosal biopsy is usually done when abnormal tissue is seen during examination of the nose. It may also be done ...

  15. Bone lesion biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bone biopsy; Biopsy - bone ... is sent to a lab for examination. Bone biopsy may also be done under general anesthesia to ... remove the bone can be done if the biopsy exam shows that there is an abnormal growth ...

  16. Biopsy - biliary tract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cytology analysis - biliary tract; Biliary tract biopsy ... A sample for a biliary tract biopsy can be obtained in different ways. A needle biopsy can be done if you have a well-defined tumor. The biopsy site ...

  17. Aspiration cytology of metastatic chordoma. A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, E C; McKinney, S; Banks, H; Fulks, R M

    1983-01-01

    A patient with previously diagnosed sacrococcygeal chordoma presented with multiple skin nodules. Cytologic examination of an aspirate from one of these nodules showed syncytial clusters of hyperchromatic cells surrounded by extracellular mucin. The characteristic physaliphorous cells, although present in a biopsy of the primary sacrococcygeal tumor, were not observed in the aspirate or on histopathologic examination of three excised skin metastases. That chordoma metastases may lack physaliphorous cells should be recognized.

  18. Biopsia por aspiración y supresión con hormonas tiroideas en el diagnóstico de cáncer tiroideo: comparación con la cirugía en 77 nódulos hipocaptantes Fine-Needle aspiration biopsy and suppression with thyroid hormone in the diagnosis of thyroid carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Humberto Aristizábal

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available Se estudiaron 77 pacientes con nódulos tiroideos hipocaptantes, demostrados por gamagrafía, por medio de biopsia tiroidea por aspiración y terapia supresiva con hormonas tiroideas durante 6 meses o más. Se realizó estudio ecográfico del nódulo antes de iniciar la terapia y seis meses después de estarla administrando. Todos fueron intervenidos porque en ninguno desapareció el nódulo con la terapia, a pesar de que se obtuvo supresión de la tirotrofina en plasma. La biopsia tiroidea por aspiración (BT A fue Interpretada en todos los pacientes como bocio coloide o nodular o neoplasia folicular. En contraste, en el estudio de la pieza quirúrgica 52 pacientes presentaron bocio nodular, multinodular o coloide; 16 tenían carcinomas (12 papilares y 4 foliculares y 9 tiroiditis de Hashimoto. Contrariamente a lo esperado se observó que 5 de loS carcinomas (31.3% disminuyeron de volumen durante el tratamiento hormonal; de acuerdo a la ecografía la disminución promedio fue 0.41 cm3. En cambio 4 de los 52 nódulos benignos (7.7% aumentaron de volumen, en promedio 3.7 cm3. Estos hallazgos sugieren que la prueba de supresión con hormonas tiroideas no es confiable para definir si una lesión es benigna o maligna. En el estudio quirúrgico se demostró que 20.8% (16/77 de los nódulos eran carcinomas. A la luz de estos datos la biopsia por aspiración no estableció por lo general el diagnóstico de carcinoma; por ello se debe recurrir a la cirugía aunque la biopsia sea negativa.

    Seventy-seven patients with cold thyroid nodules were studied with flne-needle aspiration biopsy and suppression with thyroid hormone. The volume of the nodule was calculated ultrasonographycally at the beginning of the study and after six months of oral therapy with thyroglobulin, at doses sufficient to maintain TSH at the low limits of the normal

  19. Punção aspirativa por agulha fina: desempenho no diagnóstico diferencial de nódulos mamários palpáveis Fine needle aspiration biopsy: performance in the differential diagnosis of palpable breast masses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando José de Almeida

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: avaliar, de forma prospectiva, o desempenho da punção aspirativa por agulha fina (PAAF no diagnóstico diferencial de nódulos mamários palpáveis. Método: avaliaram-se a sensibilidade, a especificidade, os valores preditivos e a acurácia deste teste em 102 mulheres com idade superior a 30 anos, com nódulos mamários palpáveis, atendidas na Universidade Estadual de Campinas. As punções foram realizadas por um único examinador. Resultados: o procedimento teve sensibilidade de 97%, especificidade de 87%, valor preditivo positivo de 94% e negativo de 93%. A taxa de material insuficiente ou insatisfatório foi de 16% na primeira punção, diminuindo para 2% com uma nova PAAF. Conclusões: Este teste mostrou-se altamente sensível e específico no diagnóstico diferencial de nódulos mamários palpáveis, reafirmando-se a sua grande importância na abordagem clínica de nódulos palpáveis.Purpose: to evaluate, in a prospective way, the performance of the fine needle aspiration biopsy in the differential diagnosis of palpable breast masses. Method: the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values for this test were evaluated in 102 women with age above 30 years and a palpable breast mass, who were attended at the University of Campinas. All punctures were performed by the same examiner. Results: the procedure had a sensitivity of 97%, specificity of 87%, positive predictive value of 94% and negative predictive value of 93%. The insufficient or unsatisfactory sample rate was 16% for the first aspiration, decreasing to 2% with a new procedure. Conclusions: this test showed to be highly sensitive and specific for the differential diagnosis of palpable breast masses, reassuring its great importance for the clinical approach of palpable masses.

  20. Aspiration and leadership

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jagersma, P.K.

    2007-01-01

    Management needs an aspiration as to how the company will work in the future. It needs a guide for corporate priorities. Any company - local or global - must be driven by an aspiration that energizes and motivates the company from top to bottom. Yet very few managers and executives know how a corpor

  1. Aspirations of Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou; Ningxin

    2012-01-01

    After entering Senior Three, besides strenuous revisions and examinations, what the students think most and discuss most is aspirations of life. As far as I know, most of my classmates have already specified their choices of majors and their aspirations of life. Some classmates excel in science subjects, so they have chosen science and engineering subjects, hoping that they will become scientists or engineers.

  2. Poverty and Aspirations Failure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dalton, P.S.; Ghosal, S.; Mani, A.

    2011-01-01

    We develop a theoretical framework to study the psychology of poverty and 'aspirations failure'. In our framework, the rich and the poor share the same preferences - and also a behavioral bias in setting aspirations. Greater downside risks imposed by poverty exacerbates the effects of this behaviora

  3. Evaluation of Bovine Embryo Biopsy Techniques according to Their Ability to Preserve Embryo Viability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Cenariu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to evaluate three embryo biopsy techniques used for preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD in cattle and to recommend the least invasive one for current use, especially when PGD is followed by embryo cryopreservation. Three hundred bovine embryos were biopsied by either one of the needle, aspiration or microblade method, and then checked for viability by freezing/thawing and transplantation to recipient cows. The number of pregnancies obtained after the transfer of biopsied frozen/thawed embryos was assessed 30 days later using ultrasounds. The results were significantly different between the three biopsy methods: the pregnancy rate was of 57% in cows that received embryos biopsied by needle, 43% in cows that received embryos biopsied by aspiration, and 31% in cows that received embryos biopsied by microblade. Choosing an adequate biopsy method is therefore of great importance in embryos that will undergo subsequent cryopreservation, as it significantly influences their viability after thawing.

  4. Recent advances in bone marrow biopsy pathology

    OpenAIRE

    van der Walt, Jon

    2009-01-01

    The second quarter of 2009 saw steady advances in bone marrow biopsy (BMB) pathology. The following publications are a personal selection of the highlights. Quality issues in diagnostic immunohistochemistry for BMB have largely been ignored in external quality assurance programmes, and this issue is highlighted. In other areas, publications reflecting advances in flow cytometry and aspirate morphology are discussed where translation to the BMB is possible. Classifications undergo constant cha...

  5. Aspiration-related lung diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prather, Andrew D; Smith, Tristan R; Poletto, Dana M; Tavora, Fabio; Chung, Jonathan H; Nallamshetty, Leelakrishna; Hazelton, Todd R; Rojas, Carlos A

    2014-09-01

    Aspiration is a common but underrecognized clinicopathologic entity, with varied radiographic manifestations. Aspiration represents a spectrum of diseases, including diffuse aspiration bronchiolitis, aspiration pneumonitis, airway obstruction by foreign body, exogenous lipoid pneumonia, interstitial fibrosis, and aspiration pneumonia with or without lung abscess formation. Many patients who aspirate do not present with disease, suggesting that pathophysiology is related to a variety of factors, including decreased levels of consciousness, dysphagia, impaired mucociliary clearance, composition of aspirate, and impaired host defenses. In this pictorial essay, we will review the different types of aspiration lung diseases, focusing on their imaging features and differential diagnosis. PMID:24911122

  6. Open lung biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - open lung ... An open lung biopsy is done in the hospital using general anesthesia , which means you are asleep and pain- ... The open lung biopsy is done to evaluate lung problems seen on x-ray or CT scan .

  7. Muscle biopsy (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    A muscle biopsy involves removal of a plug of tissue usually by a needle to be later used for examination. Sometimes ... there is a patchy condition expected an open biopsy may be used. Open biopsy involves a small ...

  8. Bone biopsy (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    A bone biopsy is performed by making a small incision into the skin. A biopsy needle retrieves a sample of bone and it ... examination. The most common reasons for bone lesion biopsy are to distinguish between benign and malignant bone ...

  9. Should fine needle aspiration cytology in breast assessment be abandoned?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Litherland, Janet C

    2002-02-01

    Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) has been used extensively in the U.K. for the diagnosis of breast lesions over the past 15 years. More recently, large gauge needle biopsy has been used to address many of the problems which have been encountered with fine needle aspiration. This paper reviews the evolution of the use of these procedures and the advantages and disadvantages of each. In considering whether to abandon the use of fine needle aspiration cytology in breast assessment, each individual unit should make a decision based upon their own audited results. However, even if FNAC is retained, it is important to be able to complement cytological diagnosis with core biopsy as there are indisputable advantages, e.g. in the diagnosis of mammographically detected microcalcification. As always, a multi-disciplinary approach is ultimately essential for effective patient management. Litherland, J.C. (2002)

  10. Should fine needle aspiration cytology in breast assessment be abandoned?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litherland, Janet C

    2002-02-01

    Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) has been used extensively in the U.K. for the diagnosis of breast lesions over the past 15 years. More recently, large gauge needle biopsy has been used to address many of the problems which have been encountered with fine needle aspiration. This paper reviews the evolution of the use of these procedures and the advantages and disadvantages of each. In considering whether to abandon the use of fine needle aspiration cytology in breast assessment, each individual unit should make a decision based upon their own audited results. However, even if FNAC is retained, it is important to be able to complement cytological diagnosis with core biopsy as there are indisputable advantages, e.g. in the diagnosis of mammographically detected microcalcification. As always, a multi-disciplinary approach is ultimately essential for effective patient management. PMID:11977938

  11. Squalene aspiration pneumonia : thin-section CT and histopathologic findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to describe the thin-section computed tomography (CT) findings and histopathologic findings of squalene aspiration pneumonia. Thin-section CT scans were obtained from nine patients with proven exogenous lipoid pneumonia resulting from aspiration of squalene (derived from shark liver oil). The condition was diagnosed by biopsy (n=3), bronchoalveolar lavage(n=4), or sputum cytology and clinical history (n=2) of squalene use was confirmed in all patients. Specimens of transbronchial lung biopsy were also reviewed and compared with thin-section CT findings. On the basis of these results, we concluded that squalene aspiration pneumonia can be reliably diagnosed by thin-section CT findings particularly when the appropriate history is known. (author). 19 refs., 3 figs

  12. Squalene aspiration pneumonia : thin-section CT and histopathologic findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jin Seong; Gong, Gyung Yub; Lim, Tae Hwan [Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe the thin-section computed tomography (CT) findings and histopathologic findings of squalene aspiration pneumonia. Thin-section CT scans were obtained from nine patients with proven exogenous lipoid pneumonia resulting from aspiration of squalene (derived from shark liver oil). The condition was diagnosed by biopsy (n=3), bronchoalveolar lavage(n=4), or sputum cytology and clinical history (n=2) of squalene use was confirmed in all patients. Specimens of transbronchial lung biopsy were also reviewed and compared with thin-section CT findings. On the basis of these results, we concluded that squalene aspiration pneumonia can be reliably diagnosed by thin-section CT findings particularly when the appropriate history is known. (author). 19 refs., 3 figs.

  13. Cytogenetics of fine needle aspiration biopsies of sarcomas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Molenaar, WM; vandenBerg, E; Dolfin, AC; Zorgdrager, H; Hoekstra, HJ

    1995-01-01

    Chromosomal analysis has become an adjunct in the classification of soft tissue and bone sarcomas and may provide indications of tumor progression. Since it is not always possible or desirable to obtain fresh tumor tissue, the current study analyzed the feasibility to obtain karyotypes from fine nee

  14. Bone marrow aspiration

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003658.htm Bone marrow aspiration To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Bone marrow is the soft tissue inside bones that helps ...

  15. Joint Injection/Aspiration

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Working It Out: Common Techniques for Conflict Resolution Workplace Diversity & Team Performance CME & MOC Understanding MOC ACR's MOC ... infection is suspected, aspirating the joint to gather cultures is ... Communications and Marketing. This patient information is provided for ...

  16. Duration of pneumothorax as a complication of CT-guided lung biopsy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to determine management guidelines for biopsy-induced pneumothorax with the assistance of manual aspiration, mainly based on the duration of complicated pneumothorax. Data from 388 consecutive percutaneous needle lung biopsies were examined. Patients with pneumothorax on postbiopsy chest CT images underwent percutaneous manual aspiration with an 18-G i.v. catheter. Frequency and management of biopsy-induced pneumothorax and period to its disappearance were reviewed. Postbiopsy pneumothorax occurred in 133 of 388 (34.3%) procedures. Manual aspiration in 72 of these 133 patients was carried out immediately after biopsy. The pneumothorax had resolved completely on follow-up chest radiographs without chest tube placement in 121 of the 133 pneumothoraces (91.0%). In cases requiring chest tube, the mean period from biopsy until resolution of the pneumothorax was 6.0 ± 5.3 days, but was only 2.4 ± 2.9 days when chest tube placement was not needed. Specifically, time until recovery was short both in those not requiring manual aspiration (2.1 ± 3.4 days) and in those with a pneumothorax that disappeared completely or almost completely after manual aspiration (1.9 ± 2.0 days). The almost equally short recovery periods in patients not requiring manual aspiration and those requiring immediate manual aspiration indicates the value of rapid management

  17. Internal mammary lymph node biopsy guided by computed tomography

    OpenAIRE

    Irving, Henry C; Hardy, Graham J.

    1982-01-01

    Internal mammary lymph node enlargement may be demonstrated using computed tomography (CT), and a confirmatory tissue diagnosis of metastatic involvement may be obtained using fine needle aspiration biopsy with needle tip placement guided by the CT scanner. A case history is described to illustrate how a patient presented 9 years after mastectomy with an internal mammary lymph node metastasis and how cytopathological diagnosis of this metastasis was achieved by CT guided biopsy.

  18. Biopsy of parotid masses: Review of current techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Haldar, Sananda; Sinnott, Joseph D; Tekeli, Kemal M; Turner, Samuel S; Howlett, David C.

    2016-01-01

    Definitive diagnosis of parotid gland masses is required optimal management planning and for prognosis. There is controversy over whether fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) or ultrasound guided core biopsy (USCB) should be the standard for obtaining a biopsy. The aim of this review is to assess the current evidence available to assess the benefits of each technique and also to assess the use of intra-operative frozen section (IOFS). Literature searches were performed using pubmed and goog...

  19. Pneumatoceles following hydrocarbon aspiration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bray, A.; Pirronti, T.; Marano, P. [Department of Radiology, ``A. Gemelli`` University Hospital, Catholic University of Rome (Italy)

    1998-03-01

    We report an unusual evolution of turpentine-induced pneumonia due to accidental aspiration in a 21-month-old child. Chest X-rays demonstrated patchy alveolar densities evolving into large pneumatoceles. Follow-up CT optimally depicted the number, site and extent of pneumatoceles. To our knowledge, pneumatoceles developing in turpentine-induced pneumonia have never been reported in turpentine aspiration. (orig.) With 3 figs., 10 refs.

  20. Accuracy of fine-needle aspiration in early detection of breast cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamali Zavarehei M

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available Fine-needle aspiration biopsy for the diagnosis of breast lesions has been used for more than six decades and has been established as an effective procedure in Europe for many years. In order to evaluate the accuracy of fine-needle aspiration with histopathologic confirmation, a retrospective study was performed in Iranian Center for Breast Cancer, using a computer database over one year period. All women who had had fine-needle aspiration breast biopsy with histopathologic diagnosis included open excisional biopsy or mastectomy specimen. A total of 49 patients fulfilled the criteria. The test had a 93% sensitivity, 73% specificity, 65% positive predictive value, and 95% negative predictive value. Fine-needle aspiration is a sensitive test that Van be useful as an adjuct in the diagnosis of breast cancer.

  1. Skin biopsy: Biopsy issues in specific diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elston, Dirk M; Stratman, Erik J; Miller, Stanley J

    2016-01-01

    Misdiagnosis may result from biopsy site selection, technique, or choice of transport media. Important potential sources of error include false-negative direct immunofluorescence results based on poor site selection, uninformative biopsy specimens based on both site selection and technique, and spurious interpretations of pigmented lesions and nonmelanoma skin cancer based on biopsy technique. Part I of this 2-part continuing medical education article addresses common pitfalls involving site selection and biopsy technique in the diagnosis of bullous diseases, vasculitis, panniculitis, connective tissue diseases, drug eruptions, graft-versus-host disease, staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome, hair disorders, and neoplastic disorders. Understanding these potential pitfalls can result in improved diagnostic yield and patient outcomes.

  2. Needle core biopsy for breast lesions: An audit of 467 needle core biopsies

    OpenAIRE

    Selvi Radhakrishna; Anu Gayathri; Deepa Chegu

    2013-01-01

    Background: Breast cancer is the commonest cancer among women in urban India. Triple assessment includes clinical, radiological and cytological assessment of breast lesions. Guided core needle biopsy has replaced fine needle aspiration cytology in most of the western countries. In resource poor countries FNAC is still a very valuable and cost effective method to diagnose breast lesions. Pitfalls include increased rates of non diagnostic smears, and inadequate smears. Further procedures may be...

  3. False-negative Results with the Bethesda System of Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology: Predictors of Malignancy in Thyroid Nodules Classified as Benign by Cytopathologic Evaluation

    OpenAIRE

    Richmond, Bryan K.; JUDHAN, RUDY; Chong, Benny; Ubert, Adam; AbuRahma, Zachary; Mangano, William; Thompson, Stephanie

    2014-01-01

    The benign category of the Bethesda System for reporting thyroid cytopathology (BSRTC) predicts an incidence of malignancy from zero to three per cent. However, recent series report higher rates of malignancy ranging from eight to 14 per cent. Surgery is often performed for reasons other than their fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) such as symptoms, nodule enlargement, or worrisome imaging. We hypothesized that an analysis of patients who underwent thyroidectomy despite a benign FNAB would...

  4. Bone marrow biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - bone marrow ... A bone marrow biopsy may be done in the health care provider's office or in a hospital. The sample may be taken from the pelvic or breast bone. Sometimes, other areas are used. Marrow is removed ...

  5. Cold knife cone biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003910.htm Cold knife cone biopsy To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. A cold knife cone biopsy (conization) is surgery to remove ...

  6. Mediastinoscopy with biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003864.htm Mediastinoscopy with biopsy To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Mediastinoscopy with biopsy is a procedure in which a lighted instrument ( ...

  7. Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Ask about Your Diagnosis Research Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy On This Page What are lymph nodes? What ... lymph node? What is a sentinel lymph node biopsy? What happens during an SLNB? What are the ...

  8. Nerve biopsy (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nerve biopsy is the removal of a small piece of nerve for examination. Through a small incision, a sample ... is removed and examined under a microscope. Nerve biopsy may be performed to identify nerve degeneration, identify ...

  9. Percutaneous liver biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rustagi, Tarun; Newton, Eric; Kar, Premashish

    2010-01-01

    Percutaneous liver biopsy has been performed for more than 120 years, and remains an important diagnostic procedure for the management of hepatobiliary disorders. Modern biochemical, immunologic, and radiographic techniques have facilitated the diagnosis and management of liver diseases but have not made liver biopsy obsolete. This comprehensive review article will discuss the history of development of percutaneous liver biopsy, its indications, contraindications, complications and the various aspects of the biopsy procedure in detail.

  10. Small intestine aspirate and culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ency/article/003731.htm Small intestine aspirate and culture To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Small intestine aspirate and culture is a lab test to check for infection ...

  11. Rising Aspirations Dampen Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Andrew E.; Kamesaka, Akiko; Tamura, Teruyuki

    2015-01-01

    It is commonly believed that education is a good thing for individuals. Yet, its correlation with subjective well-being is most often only weakly positive, or even negative, despite the many associated better individual-level outcomes. We here square the circle using novel Japanese data on happiness aspirations. If reported happiness comes from a…

  12. Aspiration-related pulmonary syndromes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Xiaowen; Lee, Joyce S; Pianosi, Paolo T; Ryu, Jay H

    2015-03-01

    Aspiration of foreign matter into the airways and lungs can cause a wide spectrum of pulmonary disorders with various presentations. The type of syndrome resulting from aspiration depends on the quantity and nature of the aspirated material, the chronicity, and the host responses. Aspiration is most likely to occur in subjects with a decreased level of consciousness, compromised airway defense mechanisms, dysphagia, gastroesophageal reflux, and recurrent vomiting. These aspiration-related syndromes can be categorized into airway disorders, including vocal cord dysfunction, large airway obstruction with a foreign body, bronchiectasis, bronchoconstriction, and diffuse aspiration bronchiolitis, or parenchymal disorders, including aspiration pneumonitis, aspiration pneumonia, and exogenous lipoid pneumonia. In idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, aspiration has been implicated in disease progression and acute exacerbation. Aspiration may increase the risk of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome in patients who have undergone a lung transplant. Accumulating evidence suggests that a causative role for aspiration is often unsuspected in patients presenting with aspiration-related pulmonary diseases; thus, many cases go undiagnosed. Herein, we discuss the broadening spectrum of these pulmonary syndromes with a focus on presenting features and diagnostic aspects. PMID:25732447

  13. Needle Biopsy of the Lung

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Physician Resources Professions Site Index A-Z Needle Biopsy of the Lung Needle biopsy of the lung ... Needle Biopsy of Lung Nodules? What is Needle Biopsy of the Lung? A lung nodule is relatively ...

  14. Ultrasound-Guided Breast Biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Professions Site Index A-Z Ultrasound-Guided Breast Biopsy An ultrasound-guided breast biopsy uses sound waves ... Guided Breast Biopsy? What is Ultrasound-Guided Breast Biopsy? Lumps or abnormalities in the breast are often ...

  15. Stereotactic (Mammographically Guided) Breast Biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Resources Professions Site Index A-Z Stereotactic Breast Biopsy Stereotactic breast biopsy uses mammography – a specific type ... Breast Biopsy? What is Stereotactic (Mammographically Guided) Breast Biopsy? Lumps or abnormalities in the breast are often ...

  16. Fine needle biopsy of abdominal organs in dogs -- indications, contraindications and performance technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glińska-Suchocka, K; Jankowski, M; Kubiak, K; Spuzak, J; Dzimira, S; Nicpoń, J

    2013-01-01

    Recent years have seen in both human and veterinary medicine the development of numerous techniques allowing for evaluation and classification of changes in individual organs and tissues. Despite introduction of such techniques into diagnostics as among others, CT, MRI, CEUS or elastography, biopsy is still considered a "golden standard" and it is a procedure performed in order to obtain a final diagnosis. There are many biopsy techniques, such as fine needle aspiration biopsy, core biopsy as well as methods of performing a procedure, e.g. blind biopsy, biopsy under USG control and biopsy during laparotomy. In the article usefulness of biopsy techniques in relation to diagnostics of individual abdominal organ, as well as the procedure technique, contraindication and complications are discussed. PMID:24597324

  17. CSR as Aspirational Talk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Lars Thøger; Morsing, Mette; Thyssen, Ole

    2013-01-01

    and that such discrepancies have the potential to stimulate CSR improvements. We draw on a research tradition that regards communication as performative to challenge the conventional assumption that CSR communication is essentially superficial, as opposed to CSR action. In addition, we extend notions of organizational......Most writings on corporate social responsibility (CSR) treat lack of consistency between organizational CSR talk and action as a serious problem that needs to be eliminated. In this article, we argue that differences between words and action are not necessarily a bad thing...... hypocrisy to argue that aspirational CSR talk may be an important resource for social change, even when organizations do not fully live up to their aspirations....

  18. Fine needle aspiration cytology in leprosy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasad PVS

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Laboratory diagnosis of leprosy by slit skin smear and skin biopsy is simple but both techniques have their own limitations. Slit skin smear is negative in paucibacillary cases whereas skin biopsy is an invasive technique. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC from skin lesions in leprosy with subsequent staining with May-Grunwald-Giemsa (MGG stain has been found useful. Aim: To evaluate the possible role of cytology in classifying leprosy patients. Methods: Seventy-five untreated cases of leprosy attending the outpatient department were evaluated. Smears were taken from their skin lesions and stained using the MGG technique. Skin biopsy was also done from the lesions, which was compared with cytology smears. Results: A correlation of clinical features with FNAC was noticed in 87.5% of TT, 92.1% of BT, 81% of BL, and 66% of LL cases. Correlation of clinical with histopathological diagnoses revealed 12.5% specificity in TT leprosy, 55.3% in BT, 52.4% in BL and 50% in LL, and 100% in neuritic and histoid leprosy cases. Both correlations were found to be statistically significant by paired t test analysis. Thus, it was possible to distinguish the tuberculoid types by the presence of epithelioid cells and the lepromatous types by the presence of lymphocytes and foamy macrophages. Conclusion: FNAC may be used to categorize the patients into paucibacillary and multibacillary types, but is not a very sensitive tool to classify the patients across the Ridley-Jopling spectrum.

  19. Hydrodynamics of micropipette aspiration.

    OpenAIRE

    Drury, J L; Dembo, M

    1999-01-01

    The dynamics of human neutrophils during micropipette aspiration are frequently analyzed by approximating these cells as simple slippery droplets of viscous fluid. Here, we present computations that reveal the detailed predictions of the simplest and most idealized case of such a scheme; namely, the case where the fluid of the droplet is homogeneous and Newtonian, and the surface tension of the droplet is constant. We have investigated the behavior of this model as a function of surface tensi...

  20. Hungarian students’ carrier aspirations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.S. Gubik

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the students’ carrier aspiration, right after their graduation and five years after their studies. It examines the differences arising from the students’ family business background and their most important social variables (gender, age. Then the study highlights the effects of study field on the students’ intention. The direct effect of education on starting an enterprise is undiscovered in the literature, the paper deals with the influence of availability and services use, offered by higher institutions.

  1. CT-guided percutaneous automated gun biopsy of pulmonary lesions : complications and diagnostic accuracy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the frequency of complications and diagnostic accuracy of CT-guided percutaneous automated gun biopsy, and to compare the results with those reported for fine needle aspiration. using automated biopsy devices, 118 CT-guided percutaneous biopsies of pulmonary lesions were performed. An 18-gauge needle was used. Final diagnosis was made with operation or other methods. We retrospectively analyzed the frequency of complications and diagnostic yields of 118 biopsies. Four of 118(3.3%) patients developed pneumothorax and two of these required chest tube insertion. Other complications were resolved spontaneously. 106 biopsies (89.8%) yielded sufficient tissue for pathologic evaluation. For cases of malignant and of benign disease, sensitivity was 91.8% and 87.7% respectively ; the corresponding figures for diagnostic accuracy were 88.5% and 78.9%. CT-guided automated gun biopsy of the pulmonary lesions is safe, with a pneumothorax rate comparable to that of fine needle aspiration. In tne absence of a trained cytologist at the time of biopsy, the diagnostic accuracy of automated gun biopsy of pulmonary lesions compared favorably with the reported accuracy of fine needle aspiration

  2. Prospective study of fine needle aspiration cytology of clinically palpable breast lump with histopathological correlation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashwin K. Hebbar

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and objectives: This study was conducted to compare the diagnostic accuracy of fine needle aspiration cytology in differentiating the benign and malignant lesions of palpable breast lump with histopathological correlation and also to study the accuracy of the needle tip localizing the tumor during fine needle aspiration cytology procedure. Methods: Two years prospective study was conducted in our institution and in that 100 patients underwent fine needle aspiration cytology of the palpable breast lump after thorough physical examination. The cytological diagnosis was classified in to 3 groups benign, suspicious and malignant. After this reporting all the patients were later subjected to open/excision biopsy and its histopathological confirmation. Later diagnostic accuracy of cytology reporting was compared with that of histopathology. Accuracy of the needle tip in localizing the tumor in fine needle aspiration cytology was also studied by comparing the normal glandular cell aspirate with tumor cell aspirate. Repeat cytology was carried out before open/excision biopsy if the pathologist reports the cytology slide as “inadequate”. Results: We had accuracy rate of 100% for benign lesion and 93.10% for malignant lesion with false negative rate of 6.9% and false positive rate of zero with fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of palpable breast lump. The overall sensitivity of fine needle aspiration in diagnosing the palpable breast lump is 93.10%, specificity is 100%, positive predictive value is 100% and negative predictive value is 90.47%. Since inadequate sampling rate is 2% in our study, the accuracy rate of needle tip in localizing the tumor in fine needle aspiration cytology is 98%. Conclusion: Since our diagnostic accuracy rate and predictive values are very high and comparable to any other published series it can be advised that the patients in which fine needle aspiration cytology is unequivocally diagnostic for

  3. Post biopsy pneumothorax: Risk factors and course

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The was to study the natural course of pneumothorax produced after aspiration biopsy in the attempt to differentiate those cases that will resolve spontaneously from those that will require drainage, and to assess the possible risk factors associated with the development of this entity. Eighty-nine CT-guided aspiration biopsies were performed in 80 patients. Control CT was done immediately after the procedure and 24 hours later. When pneumothorax persisted, CT was repeated at 48 h, 72 h, day 5 and day 7 or until a drainage tube was introduced. The cases of pneumothorax were classified as minimal, anterior or anterolateral. Seven variables were assessed as possible risk factors for its occurrence. Pneumothorax developed on 29 occasions (32.5%), requiring drainage in 12 cases (13.5%). In 20 patients (22%), pneumothorax occurred immediately, while in the remaining 9 (10%) it was detected in the 24 h CT scan. When studied according to type, drainage was required in 3 of the 19 cases of minimal or anterior pneumothorax (15%) and in 9 or the 10 cases of anterolateral location (90%) (p<0.0005). The mean thickness of the parenchyma punctured was 3.4 cm +- 2.2. cm when pneumothorax developed and 1.3 cm+- 2 cm when it did not (p<0.0001). There is a statistically significant association between the development of anterolateral pneumothorax and the need for chest drainage. The thickness of the punctured parenchyma is associated with the production of pneumothorax. 16 refs

  4. Drill biopsy in the diagnosis of lung lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shatapathy, P; Sahoo, R C; Rao, K M; Krishnan, K V; Rau, P V; Padhee, A

    1987-11-01

    A high speed pneumatic drill was used to perform 190 percutaneous transthoracic biopsies in 161 patients. The resultant cores of tissue provided a definite diagnosis in 146 patients, giving a success rate of 90.7%. Complications occurred in 58 patients, subcutaneous emphysema being the most common, though only seven patients required active treatment, giving a rate of 3.7% for important complications. One patient died within 24 hours of the biopsy procedure owing to asphyxia resulting from aspiration of the contents of an acutely dilated stomach. Our experience clearly establishes that the drill biopsy as used by us is simple and safe and can be carried out in an outpatient department, yielding better overall results than any other procedure for closed biopsy of the lung currently practised.

  5. Workload, Aspiration, and Fun

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muhr, Sara Louise; Pedersen, Michael; Alvesson, Mats

    2012-01-01

    theoretical frame to understand how employees make sense of their self-management efforts. The employee is subjected to an individual responsibility to understand and manage an exploration of the self while handling the norms of self-exploitation that a self-management culture creates. Through an empirical...... study of a large group of management consultants, we explore how they perform and make sense of selfexploitation and self-exploration through three specific discourses: the discourse of workload, the discourse of aspiration, and the discourse of fun. Through these, the consultants try to identify...

  6. Fine-needle aspiration cytology in fibromatoses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaharopoulos, P; Wong, J Y

    1992-01-01

    Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology was performed in seven cases of fibromatosis of variable types with tumorous clinical presentation. These included: four cases of musculoaponeurotic fibromatosis, two in posterior neck muscles, one in anterior neck muscles and one in intercostal muscles; one case of fibromatosis of the breast; and two cases of fibromatosis colli in neonates. In all cases the specimens contained connective tissue with many fibroblast-like cells, lacking features which could indicate a malignant lesion. The findings in these cases indicate that, although by FNA cytology in fibromatoses a specific diagnosis for each pathologic entity may not be easily reached, in the proper clinical setting the cytologic findings can be of sufficient relevance to offset the need for an open tissue biopsy, where there are valid reasons against a surgical intervention.

  7. Transbronchial needle aspiration "by the books"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kupeli Elif

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Training for advanced bronchoscopic procedures is acquired during the interventional pulmonology (IP Fellowship. Unfortunately a number of such programs are small, limiting dissemination of formal training. Objective : We studied success of conventional transbronchial needle aspiration (C-TBNA in the hands of physicians without formal IP training. Methods : A technique of C-TBNA was learned solely from the literature, videos and practicing on inanimate models at "Hands-On" courses. Conventional TBNA with 21 and/or 19 gauge Smooth Shot Needles (Olympus® , Japan was performed on consecutive patients with undiagnosed mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Results : Thirty-four patients (male 23, mean age 54.9 ± 11.8 years underwent C-TBNA. Twenty-two patients had nodes larger than 20 mms. Suspected diagnoses were malignancy in 20 and nonmalignant conditions in 14. Final diagnoses were malignancy 17, sarcoidosis 4, reactive lymph nodes 12, and tuberculosis 1. Final diagnosis was established by C-TBNA in 14 (11 malignancy, 3 sarcoidosis; yield 41.1%, mediastinoscopy in 14, transthoracic needle aspiration in 3, peripheral lymph node biopsies in 2 and by endobronchial biopsy in 1. Nodal size had an impact on outcome (P = 0.000 while location did not (P = 0.33. C-TBNA was positive in 11/20 when malignancy was suspected (yield 55%, while 3/14 when benign diagnosis was suspected (yield 21.4% (P = 0.05. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and diagnostic accuracy were 66.6%, 100%, 100%, 65%, and 79.4%, respectively. There were no complications or scope damage. Conclusion : Conventional-TBNA can be learned by the books and by practicing on inanimate models without formal training and results similar to those published in the literature could be achieved.

  8. Improved transvenous liver biopsy needle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl; Matzen, P; Christoffersen, P;

    1979-01-01

    A modified type of the standard transvenous cholangiography biopsy needle is described. The modified tranvenous liver biopsy needle caused only minimal artefactual changes of the liver biopsy specimens. The new type of biopsy needle is a modified Menghini needle. The conventional Menghini needle...... should be avoided for transvenous catheter biopsies because of risk of leaving catheter fragments in the liver....

  9. No need for biopsies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjødsbøl, Kristine; Skindersoe, Mette E; Christensen, Jens Jørgen;

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the study was to compare three sampling techniques used in routine diagnostics to identify the microbiota in chronic venous leg ulcers. A total of 46 patients with persisting venous leg ulcers were included in the study. At inclusion, swab, biopsy and filter paper pad samples were...... collected. After 4 weeks, additional biopsy and filter paper pad samples were collected. Bacteria were isolated and identified at species level by standard methods. The most common bacterial species detected was Staphylococcus aureus found in 89% of the ulcers. No methicillin-resistant S. aureus isolates...... species present in chronic wounds, thus avoiding complications during and after biopsy sampling....

  10. Percutaneous image-guided needle biopsy in children - summary of our experience with 57 children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sklair-Levy, M.; Lebensart, P.D.; Applbaum, Y.H.; Bar-Ziv, J.; Libson, E. [Dept. of Radiology, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem (Israel); Ramu, N.; Freeman, A. [Dept. of Pediatrics, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem (Israel); Gozal, D. [Dept. of Anesthesiology, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem (Israel); Dept. of Anesthesiology, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem (Israel); Gross, E. [Dept. of Pediatric Surgery, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem (Israel); Sherman, Y. [Dept. of Pathology, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem (Israel)

    2001-10-01

    Background: Percutaneous image-guided needle biopsy in children has been slower to gain acceptance than in adults where it is regarded as the standard clinical practice in screening suspicious masses. Objectives: To report our experience with percutaneous image-guided needle biopsy in the pediatric population and assess its clinical use, efficacy and limitations. Material and methods: Sixty-nine percutaneous image-guided needle biopsies were performed in 57 children. The age of the children ranged from 4 days to 14 years (mean 5.6 years). We used 16- to-20-gauge cutting-edge needles. Sixty-two biopsies were core-needle biopsies and 7 fine-needle aspiration biopsies. Results: There were 50 malignant lesions, 10 benign lesions and 2 infectious lesions. In 55 (88.7 %) lesions the needle biopsy was diagnostic. In 7 (11.3 %) the biopsy was non-diagnostic and the diagnosis was made by surgery. Core-needle biopsy was diagnostic in 47 of 50 (94 %) of the malignant solid tumors. In 3 out of 5 children with lymphoma, an accurate diagnosis was obtained with needle aspiration. Seven children underwent a repeated core-needle biopsy, (5 for Wilms' tumor and 2 for neuroblastoma) that was diagnostic in all cases. All the biopsies were performed without complications. Conclusion: Percutaneous image-guided needle biopsy is a simple, minimally invasive, safe and accurate method for the evaluation of children with suspicious masses. These data suggest that image-guided needle biopsy is an excellent tool for diagnosing solid tumors in the pediatric population. Negative studies should be considered nondiagnostic and followed by excisional surgical biopsies when clinical suspicion of malignancy is high. (orig.)

  11. Pulmonary aspiration in perioperative medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdulla, Susanne

    2013-01-01

    Perioperative aspiration into the lungs is an infrequent but potentially serious cause of anesthesia-related morbidity and mortality. It is still a leading cause of death from pulmonary complications. Aspiration occurs in approximately three per 10.000 anesthetic procedures with higher incidences in special patient populations and emergency situations. Any patient with symptoms following aspiration that last for more than two hours in the recovery room should be admitted to an intensive care unit for further observation and therapy. This article reviews incidence, morbidity and mortality of perioperative aspiration as well as risk factors and preventive measures. Among preventive measures the use of drugs designed to increase gastric pH, recent developments in supraglottic airway devices and application of rapid sequence induction with cricoid pressure are discussed. Also, international fasting guidelines and clinical management following aspiration are provided. PMID:23767172

  12. Thyroid gland biopsy (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a sample of cells is needed from the thyroid gland a fine needle biopsy can be performed. During ... procedure, a skinny needle is inserted into the thyroid gland, and a sample of thyroid cells and fluid ...

  13. Lung needle biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... if you have certain lung diseases such as emphysema. Usually, a collapsed lung after a biopsy does ... any type Bullae (enlarged alveoli that occur with emphysema) Cor pulmonale Cysts of the lung Pulmonary hypertension ...

  14. Current Concepts in the Biopsy of Musculoskeletal Tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costantino Errani

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the management of bone and soft tissue tumors, accurate diagnosis, using a combination of clinical, radiographic, and histological data, is critical to optimize outcome. On occasion, diagnosis can be made by careful history, physical examination, and images alone. However, the ultimate diagnosis usually depends on histologic analysis by an experienced pathologist. Biopsy is a very important and complex surgery in the staging process. It must be done carefully, so as not to adversely affect the outcome. Technical considerations include proper location and orientation of the biopsy incision and meticulous hemostasis. It is necessary to obtain tissue for a histological diagnosis without spreading the tumor and so compromise the treatment. Furthermore, the surgeon does not open compartmental barriers, anatomic planes, joint space, and tissue area around neurovascular bundles. Nevertheless, avoid producing a hematoma. Biopsy should be carefully planned according to the site and definitive surgery and should be performed by an orthopedic surgeon with an experience in musculoskeletal oncology who will perform the definitive surgery. Improperly done, it can complicate patient care and sometimes even eliminate treatment options. Different biopsy techniques are suitable: fine-needle aspiration, core-needle biopsy, and incisional biopsy. The choice of biopsy depends on the size, the location of the lesion, and the experience of the pathologist.

  15. Evaluation of large-needle biopsy for the diagnosis of cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roussel, F; Nouvet, G

    1995-01-01

    The arguments for a choice between a large or fine needle in the diagnosis of tumors are still unclear. This paper reviews the advantages and disadvantages of large-needle biopsy and fine needle aspiration. Reports indicate that although the procedures have the same diagnostic efficacy, the risk of tumor seeding is far higher following large-needle biopsy. For this reason it should be avoided for the diagnosis of cancer. The risk of tumor seeding after fine needle aspiration may be reduced by performance through a cover of normal parenchyma, by maintaining suction during withdrawal of the needle and by examining samples for quality during the procedure. PMID:7762331

  16. Biopsy in Musculoskeletal Tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Gharehdaghi

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Diagnosis of bone tumors is based on careful evaluation of clinical, imaging and a pathologic findings. So the biopsy of bone and soft tissue sarcomas is the final step in evaluation and a fundamental step in the diagnosis of the lesion. It should not be performed as a shortcut to diagnosis (1. The biopsy should be performed in order to confirm the diagnosis and differentiate among few diagnoses after careful staged studies. Real and artificial changes in imaging studies will be superimposed after performing biopsy, which may alter the interpretation if done after biopsy is taken (1. The correct management of a sarcoma depends on the accurate diagnosis. Inadequate, inapprppriate, or inaccurate non-representative biopsy leads to poorer outcome in terms of survivorship and limb salvage. An incorrect, unplanned incision and biopsy may unnecessarily contaminate uninvolved compartments which may convert a salvageable limb to amputation. Anatomic approach along with the proper biopsy techniques may lead to success or catastrophe. It is clear that in patients with inappropriate biopsy, the chance of the need to change the treatment to more radical than would originally be expected is significantly higher. Also it is more probable to need to  convert curative to palliative treatment and to require adjuvant radiotherapy in patients with inappropriate biopsies. Patients with sarcoma are best served by early referral to a specialized center where staged investigations and biopsy can be performed with minimal morbidity (3. Open biopsy is still considered the gold standard; however, recent studies suggest comparable results with percutaneous core needle biopsy. Our study on 103 consecutive CNB and open biopsy showed comparable results as well. Surgeons need to answer to two questions prior to performing a biopsy: 1-          Where is the best part of the lesion to be biopsied? 2-          What is the safest route without contaminating

  17. Aspirated Compressors for High Altitude Engines Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Aurora Flight Sciences proposes to incorporate aspirated compressor technology into a high altitude, long endurance (HALE) concept engine. Aspiration has been...

  18. Corpus vitreum, retina og chorioidea biopsi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scherfig, Erik Christian Høegh

    2002-01-01

    oftalmology, biopsy, choroid, corpus vitreum, retina, malignant melanoma, biopsy technic, retinoblastoma......oftalmology, biopsy, choroid, corpus vitreum, retina, malignant melanoma, biopsy technic, retinoblastoma...

  19. Methods for Prostate Biopsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ghafoori

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Prostate cancer is currently the most prevalent form of cancer in men and the second leading cause of can-cer death in the United States, and the third most common cancer in men worldwide. Increasing mor-tality rates due to prostate carcinoma have been ob-served worldwide. This disease usually progresses im-perceptibly; thus, patients are unlikely to seek medi-cal help during the early stages. For these reasons, screening programs aimed at early detection have been developed. The prostate-specific antigen (PSA test is among the best screening tools available in medicine today and is recognized as the best marker for its early detection. Prostate cancers detected by DRE method alone are clinically localized only 50% to 60% of the time, whereas PSA-detected tumors are clinically localized 90% of the time and pathologi-cally confined to the prostate as determined at prostatectomy about two thirds of the time. Recently, the detection of localized prostate cancers has improved, owing to the development of various new biopsy methods. However, a standard biopsy method, including number of cores, has not yet been established at present. When screening results indi-cate the possibility of prostate cancer, a pathologic diagnosis may be pursued by ultrasound guided trans-rectal needle biopsy. Prostate biopsy is usually ad-vised if serum PSA is >4 ng/mL, and this procedure remains the gold standard for prostate cancer diagno-sis. Fine needle biopsy is less painful than core bi-opsy, but also less diagnostically accurate. Systematic biopsy protocols: In 1989, Hodge et al. coined the sextant biopsy method that is still the standard of reference in prostate cancer detection. The prostate is bilaterally divided into three regions (apex, midgland, and base, all of which are system-atically biopsied once. Although Hodge et al. first proposed sextant biopsy under transrectal ultrasound guidance, some recent reports have indicated that systematic sextant biopsy

  20. Lipoid Pneumonia Following Aspiration of Ghee (animal fat) in an Omani Infant

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Kindi, Hussein; Abdoani, Raghad; El-Iraqi, Mayad; Praseeda, Indera

    2008-01-01

    We are reporting, what we believe, is the first case of biopsy proven exogenous lipoid pneumonia in an Omani infant. Exogenous lipoid pneumonia is caused by aspiration of oily products .One reason is the traditional practice of giving infants oily products (Ghee) as in our patient.

  1. Transjugular liver biopsy: histological diagnosis success comparing the trucut to the modified aspiration Ross needle Biopsia hepática transjugular: comparação do sucesso diagnóstico histológico entre as agulhas trucut e a aspirativa modificada de Ross

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Carlos Maciel

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Transjugular liver biopsy is an alternative procedure for patients who present contraindications to standard percutaneous procedure. AIM: To compare the rate of histological diagnosis obtained on transjugular liver biopsy with an automated trucut needle and with a modified Ross needle. PATIENTS / METHOD: Eighty-five patients with suspicion of chronic liver diseases and presenting contraindications for percutaneous liver biopsy (coagulopathy, massive ascites, morbid obesity, or chronic renal problems were submitted to 89 transjugular liver biopsies between March 1994 and April 2001 at ''Hospital São José, Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misercórdia'', Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Thirty-five patients underwent 36 biopsies with an automated trucut needle, and 50 patients underwent 53 biopsies with a modified Ross needle. RESULTS: Histological diagnosis was reached in 32/35 subjects submitted to transjugular liver biopsy with the trucut needle (91% and in 35/50 (70% submitted to biopsy with the modified Ross needle. Specimens obtained with the trucut needle were significantly larger and less fragmented than those obtained with the Ross needle. CONCLUSION: Transjugular liver biopsy with the automated trucut needle allowed a higher rate of histological diagnosis when compared to the modified Ross needle in patients with suspicion of chronic liver diseases.RACIONAL: A biopsia hepática transjugular é um procedimento alternativo para pacientes que apresentam contra-indicações ao procedimento padrão (percutâneo. OBJETIVO: Comparar o índice de diagnóstico obtido por meio da biopsia hepática transjugular utilizando uma agulha automatizada trucut e uma agulha Ross modificada. MÉTODOS: Oitenta e cinco pacientes com suspeita de doenças hepáticas crônicas e apresentando contra-indicações para biopsia hepática percutânea (coagulopatia, ascite maciça, obesidade mórbida ou problemas renais crônicos foram submetidos a 89 biopsias hep

  2. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of superficial lymph nodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardillo, M R

    1989-01-01

    A series of 244 enlarged superficial lymph nodes was examined by fine-needle aspiration cytology. Twenty-nine smears (11.9%) were inadequate for study. Of the remaining 215, 108 were negative, 13 suspicious for malignancy, and 94 positive. Forty-five excisional biopsies were performed correlating the cytologic and histologic findings. There were two cytologic false-negative results; both were patients who had been treated for carcinoma and whose aspirates were cytologically negative. Of the 13 samples reported as suspicious for malignancy, there were three epidermoid carcinomas, nine reactive hyperplasias, and one non-Hodgkin's lymphocytic lymphoma. Of the positive cases, 83 were metastatic tumors, and 11 were malignant lymphomas (two non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and nine Hodgkin's lymphomas). The criteria used in the interpretation of these aspirates and the problems of differential cytological diagnosis are discussed. In spite of the drawbacks of inadequate and false-negative smears, fine-needle aspiration cytology is valuable in preliminary diagnosis of diseased lymph nodes and subsequent management. PMID:2776599

  3. Negative Biopsy after Referral for Biopsy-Proven Gastric Cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Tae, Chung Hyun; Lee, Jun Haeng; Min, Byung-Hoon; Kim, Kyoung-Mee; Rhee, Poong-Lyul; Kim, Jae J

    2016-01-01

    Background/Aims Repeat endoscopy with biopsy is often performed in patients with previously diagnosed gastric cancer to determine further treatment plans. However, biopsy results may differ from the original pathologic report. We reviewed patients who had a negative biopsy after referral for gastric cancer. Methods A total of 116 patients with negative biopsy results after referral for biopsy-proven gastric cancer were enrolled. Outside pathology slides were reviewed. Images of the first and ...

  4. Peri-implant galactocele following vacuum-assisted core biopsy of the breast: a cautionary tale

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor, Donna; Kulawansa, Sagarika Thushanthi; McCallum, Dugald Dalziel; Saunders, Christobel

    2013-01-01

    A lactating woman in her early 40s with a strong family history of breast cancer presented with a markedly swollen breast days after having a vacuum-assisted core biopsy performed to sample indeterminate microcalcifications in her left breast. Ultrasound showed a large peri-implant fluid collection which yielded milky fluid on aspiration consistent with galactocele formation. Histology of the core specimens revealed a fragment of fibrous capsule suggesting that the core biopsy had created a f...

  5. Core biopsy as a simple and effective diagnostic tool in head and neck focal myositis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Chun Yee; Chong, Sheldon; Shaw, Chi-Kee Leslie

    2015-12-01

    Most unilateral head and neck masses are benign, although malignancy is a possibility in some cases. However, there are other rare causes of unilateral neck masses, such as focal myositis, which is a rare, benign condition belonging to the family of inflammatory pseudotumors of the skeletal muscles, with rare presentations in the head and neck region. Focal myositis presents as a rapidly enlarging neck mass that can be misdiagnosed by fine-needle aspiration biopsy and/or radiologic imaging as either an infective or a neoplastic process. To date, there are only 5 reported cases of adult focal myositis of the sternocleidomastoid muscle in the medical literature. In this article, the authors present 2 cases involving patients with focal myositis of the sternocleidomastoid muscle that were successfully diagnosed with core-needle biopsy and managed conservatively. The pros and cons of fine-needle aspiration biopsy and core-needle biopsy are discussed. Based on the authors' results, fine-needle aspiration biopsy universally fails to provide the diagnosis of focal myositis. In contrast, core-needle biopsy successfully diagnosed focal myositis in both of our patients. Both of them had complete resolution with conservative management. PMID:26670758

  6. [Preoperative biopsy diagnosis in suspicion of breast cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasmussen, Birgitte Bruun; Bak, Martin; Rank, Fritz E

    2007-09-01

    The golden standard in non-operative breast cancer diagnosis is the triple test, a combination of clinical evaluation, mammography/ultrasound and needle biopsy, either fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) or histological core biopsy. FNAC and core biopsy both have advantages and disadvantages but neither of them can act as a decisive diagnostic procedure on its own. The final diagnosis should always be a consensus between the three diagnostic modalities in the triple test. Quality assurance of the pathological diagnosis is a must. The number of uncertain diagnoses i.e. atypia or suspicion of malignancy should be kept at a minimum. These diagnostic categories call for additional diagnostic procedures and thereby cause a delay in reaching the final diagnosis leading to definitive treatment. PMID:17953876

  7. Splitting and biopsy for bovine embryo sexing under field conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, R F; Forell, F; Oliveira, A T; Rodrigues, J L

    2001-12-01

    Improvements on embryo micromanipulation techniques led to the use of embryo bisection technology in commercial embryo transfer programs, and made possible the direct genetic analysis of preimplantation bovine embryos by biopsy. For example, aspiration and microsection, allow bovine embryos sexing by detection of male-specific Y-chromosome in a sample of embryonic cells. We report on the application of the methodologies of splitting and biopsy of bovine embryos in field conditions, and on the results of embryo sex determination by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Pregnancy rates achieved with fresh bisected or biopsied embryos (50 to 60%) were similar to the fresh intact embryos (55 to 61%). The PCR protocol used for embryo sexing showed 92% to 94% of efficiency and 90 to 100% of accuracy. These results demonstrate these procedures are suitable for use in field conditions.

  8. Supersymmetry: Aspirations and Prospects

    CERN Document Server

    Tata, Xerxes

    2015-01-01

    The realization in the early 1980s that weak scale supersymmetry stabilizes the Higgs sector of the spectacularly successful Standard Model led several authors to explore whether low energy supersymmetry could play a role in particle physics. Among these were Richard Arnowitt, Ali Chamseddine and Pran Nath who constructed a viable {\\em locally} supersymmetric Grand Unified Theory (GUT), laying down the foundation for supergravity GUT models of particle physics. Supergravity models continue to be explored as one of the most promising extensions of the Standard Model. After a quick overview of some of the issues and aspirations of early researchers working to bring supersymmetry into the mainstream of particle physics, we re-examine early arguments that seemed to imply that superpartners would be revealed in experiments at LEP2 or at the Tevatron. Our purpose is to assess whether the absence of any superpartners in searches at LHC8 presents a crisis for supersymmetry. Toward this end, we re-evaluate fine-tuning...

  9. Aspiration of biological viscoelastic drops

    OpenAIRE

    Guevorkian, Karine; Colbert, Marie-Josée; Durth, Mélanie; Dufour, Sylvie; Brochard-Wyart, Françoise

    2010-01-01

    Spherical cellular aggregates are in vitro systems to study the physical and biophysical properties of tissues. We present a novel approach to characterize the mechanical properties of cellular aggregates using micropipette aspiration technique. We observe an aspiration in two distinct regimes, a fast elastic deformation followed by a viscous flow. We develop a model based on this viscoelastic behavior to deduce the surface tension, viscosity, and elastic modulus. A major result is the increa...

  10. PERCUTANEOUS PLEURAL BIOPSY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Bahadori

    1966-01-01

    Full Text Available I have carried out 22 biopsies in 20 Patients, in fifteen I used a Vim _ Silverman Needle, and in the remainder a curetting type Needle, In 12 cases (60% the diagnosis that was made; in 3 cases, inadequate tissue, was obtained; in two cases a fibromuscular tissue, in one case a fatty tissue and in one case the specimen was of hepatic tissue. Even with the small biopsy specimen obtained with the Needle it is easy to recognize malignant tissue if present.

  11. Application of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in the diagnosis of mediastinal lesions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Hui; LIU Jun; LI Jian-feng; JIANG Guan-chao; WANG Jun; ZHOU Zu-li; LI Yun; BU Liang; YANG Fan; SUI Xi-zhao; CHEN Ke-zhong; LI Xiao

    2011-01-01

    Background Mediastinal lesions are often difficult to diagnose in clinical practice because of the unique anatomical position of the mediastinum,which makes performance of biopsy difficult.The value of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in the diagnosis of lung cancer and mediastinal lymph node staging has been widely accepted.However,few studies have been conducted on the value of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of mediastinal lesions.The current study was conducted to investigate the value of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of isolated mediastinal lesions without lung abnormalities.Methods We retrospectively analyzed the data of patients with isolated mediastinal lesions without lung abnormalities for whom endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration examination was performed at the Department of Thoracic Surgery of Peking University People's Hospital,between September 2009 and December 2010.For patients who could not be diagnosed with endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration,surgical biopsy or more than 6 months of clinical and imaging follow-up was carried out.Results Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration was performed for 60 patients with isolated mediastinal lesions.Correct diagnosis was made in 48 cases.Nineteen cases were malignant,and 29 were benign.The rate of correct diagnosis was 80%.The sensitivity,specificity,and accuracy of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in distinguishing benign from malignant mediastinal lesions were 95%,100%,and 98%,respectively.The examination was tolerable for all patients.No associated complications were observed.Conclusion Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration is a safe and effective method of diagnosing

  12. Ultrasound- and MRI-Guided Prostate Biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Index A-Z Ultrasound- and MRI-Guided Prostate Biopsy Ultrasound- and MRI-guided prostate biopsy uses imaging ... Biopsy? What is Ultrasound- and MRI-guided Prostate Biopsy? Ultrasound- and MRI-guided prostate biopsies are performed ...

  13. Cytologic diagnosis of pulmonary lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, Esther Diana; Mulè, Antonino; Maggiore, Claudia; Miraglia, Antonella; Lauriola, Libero; Vecchio, Fabio Maria; Fadda, Guido

    2004-01-01

    The major types of cytologic preparations used in most laboratories to detect the lesions of the lower respiratory tract (LRT) are examined. These methods include sputum, bronchial washing, bronchial brushing, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). Sputum represents the simplest and most cost-effective sampling method even though fiberoptic bronchoscopy and radiologic guided FNAB are superseding it as the first diagnostic choice in most cases. There are advantages and disadvantages associated with each technique:bronchial brushing and FNABs tend to preserve both the cellular details and their architectural arrangement whereas sputum and bronchial washing often cause a variable degree of cellular degeneration and fragmentation. As a result, most pulmonary lesions may be detected and correctly diagnosed if multiple techniques are used to acquire diagnostic material. CT-guided FNAB represents the most effective method to achieve a correct diagnosis in pulmonary tumors. PMID:15852720

  14. Optimizing prostate biopsy for repeat transrectal prostate biopsies patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaojun Deng; Jianwei Cao; Feng Liu; Weifeng Wang; Jidong Hao; Jiansheng Wan; Hui Liu

    2014-01-01

    Objective:Diagnosis of patients with negative prostate biopsy and persistent suspicion of prostate cancer re-mains a serious problem. In this study, we investigated the application of optimizing prostate biopsy for patients who need repeat prostate biopsy. Methods:In this prospective, non-randomized phase-I clinical trial, the prostate cancer detection rate of initial detection scheme was compared with optimizing prostate biopsy scheme. The number of punctures of initial detection scheme was the same as that of optimizing prostate biopsy scheme. The puncture direction of optimizing prostate biopsy was a 45° angle to the sagittal plane from front, middle, and back. The two cores from each lateral lobe were horizontal y inwardly inclined 45°. Results:A total of 45 patients with initial negative biopsy for cancer were received the optimizing prostate biopsy scheme. The cancer detection rate was 17.8%(8/45), and prostate intraepithelial neoplasm (PIN) was 6.7%(3/45). The pa-tients receiving repeat transrectal prostate biopsies were pathological y diagnosed as lower Gleason grade prostate cancers. Conclusion:The cancer detection rate of repeat biopsy prostate cancer is lower than that of initial biopsy. Our study showed that the optimizing prostate biopsy is important to improve the detection rate of repeat transrectal prostate biopsies patients.

  15. Yield of noncardiac biopsy for the diagnosis of transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fine, Nowell M; Arruda-Olson, Adelaide M; Dispenzieri, Angela; Zeldenrust, Steven R; Gertz, Morie A; Kyle, Robert A; Swiecicki, Paul L; Scott, Christopher G; Grogan, Martha

    2014-05-15

    Transthyretin (ATTR) cardiac amyloidosis may be because of mutant transthyretin causing familial amyloid cardiomyopathy (FAC) or wild-type transthyretin causing systemic senile amyloidosis (SSA). Histologic confirmation is often challenging and may require endomyocardial biopsy (EMB). The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of amyloid protein deposition in positive noncardiac organ biopsy or fat aspiration in patients with ATTR cardiac amyloidosis. The medical records of 286 patients (mean age 66 ± 11, 85% men) with a diagnosis of ATTR cardiac amyloidosis at our institution who underwent noncardiac biopsy or subcutaneous fat aspiration were reviewed, including 186 patients (65%) with FAC and 100 patients (35%) with SSA. One hundred and thirty-one patients (46%) had EMB, all of which were positive. There were 210 patients (73%) with positive noncardiac tissue sampling, including 175 patients (94%) with FAC and 35 patients (35%) with SSA (p <0.001). There were 141 patients (76%) with FAC and 84 patients (84%) with SSA who underwent fat aspiration, and 67% and 14% were positive, respectively, whereas 100 (54%) and 64 (64%) underwent bone marrow biopsy, and 41% and 30% were positive, respectively. Rectal and sural nerve biopsies were performed in 52 (28%) and 54 (29%) patients with FAC and were positive in 81% and 83%, respectively. Biopsy of other noncardiac sites was performed with relatively lower frequency. In conclusion, although EMB is more commonly required to establish the diagnosis of SSA than FAC, noncardiac biopsy or fat aspiration could be considered as initial testing in patients evaluated for ATTR cardiac amyloidosis with characteristic echocardiography findings. PMID:24698461

  16. How to Interpret Thyroid Biopsy Results: A Three-Year Retrospective Interventional Radiology Experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Results of thyroid biopsy determine whether thyroid nodule resection is appropriate and the extent of thyroid surgery. At our institution we use 20/22-gauge core biopsy (CBx) in conjunction with fine-needle aspiration (FNA) to decrease the number of passes and improve adequacy. Occasionally, both ultrasound (US)-guided FNA and CBx yield unsatisfactory specimens. To justify clinical recommendations for these unsatisfactory thyroid biopsies, we compare rates of malignancy at surgical resection for unsatisfactory biopsy results against definitive biopsy results. We retrospectively reviewed a database of 1979 patients who had a total of 2677 FNA and 663 CBx performed by experienced interventional radiologists under US guidance from 2003 to 2006 at a tertiary-care academic center. In 451 patients who had surgery following biopsy, Fisher's exact test was used to compare surgical malignancy rates between unsatisfactory and malignant biopsy cohorts as well as between unsatisfactory and benign biopsy cohorts. We defined statistical significance at P = 0.05. We reported an overall unsatisfactory thyroid biopsy rate of 3.7% (100/2677). A statistically significant higher rate of surgically proven malignancies was found in malignant biopsy patients compared to unsatisfactory biopsy patients (P = 0.0001). The incidence of surgically proven malignancy in unsatisfactory biopsy patients was not significantly different from that in benign biopsy patients (P = 0.8625). In conclusion, an extremely low incidence of malignancy was associated with both benign and unsatisfactory thyroid biopsy results. The difference in incidence between these two groups was not statistically significant. Therefore, patients with unsatisfactory biopsy specimens can be reassured and counseled accordingly.

  17. Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Arising from the Mandible as Diagnosed by US-guided Core Biopsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Soo Jin [Center of Thyroid Cancer, National Cancer Center, Goyang (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Eun Kyung [Research Institute of Radiological Science, Yonsei University Heath System, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Min Kyung [Eulji University College of Medicine, Eulji University Hospital, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-09-15

    Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a clonal proliferative disorder of Langerhans cells. Although LCH is not considered a malignant disease, its appearance on radiographs may be similar to that of a malignant tumor. The diagnosis of LCH is usually made by a soft tissue biopsy, or by bone marrow aspiration or curettage. We present a patient with a mandibular mass confirmed to be LCH by US-guided core needle biopsy, and present a strategy for diagnosing localized LCH of the bone based on the usefulness and reliability of the percutaneous biopsy

  18. Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Arising from the Mandible as Diagnosed by US-guided Core Biopsy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a clonal proliferative disorder of Langerhans cells. Although LCH is not considered a malignant disease, its appearance on radiographs may be similar to that of a malignant tumor. The diagnosis of LCH is usually made by a soft tissue biopsy, or by bone marrow aspiration or curettage. We present a patient with a mandibular mass confirmed to be LCH by US-guided core needle biopsy, and present a strategy for diagnosing localized LCH of the bone based on the usefulness and reliability of the percutaneous biopsy

  19. Fine needle aspiration analysis of misdiagnosis of 2 cases with skin singular leiomyoma%针吸细胞学皮肤奇异型平滑肌瘤误诊2例分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lei Wang; Hua Zhang

    2009-01-01

    @@ This article reported that 2 cases with skin singular leiomyoma confirmed by pathology were misdiagnosed by fine needle aspiration biopsy, and the combination analysis of clinical history and pathological features of cells was as follows.

  20. Celiac Disease Diagnosis: Endoscopic Biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... This is done in a procedure called a biopsy: the physician eases a long, thin tube called ... the tissue using instruments passed through the endoscope. Biopsy of the small intestine is the only way ...

  1. Gram stain of tissue biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ency/article/003453.htm Gram stain of tissue biopsy To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Gram stain of tissue biopsy test involves using crystal violet stain to test ...

  2. Needle core biopsy for breast lesions: An audit of 467 needle core biopsies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selvi Radhakrishna

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Breast cancer is the commonest cancer among women in urban India. Triple assessment includes clinical, radiological and cytological assessment of breast lesions. Guided core needle biopsy has replaced fine needle aspiration cytology in most of the western countries. In resource poor countries FNAC is still a very valuable and cost effective method to diagnose breast lesions. Pitfalls include increased rates of non diagnostic smears, and inadequate smears. Further procedures may be required and this increases the cost, anxiety and delay in diagnosis. Aims: The aim of this study is to analyze the concordance of radiological and histopathology findings in BI-RADS category 3,4,5 lesions following a core biopsy. Materials and Methods: Data was retrospectively collected from consecutive symptomatic and opportunistic screen detected patients with abnormalities who underwent ultrasound guided interventional procedures from Jan 2010 to Aug 2011. Symptomatic patients underwent clinical examination, mammogram and breast ultrasound. Women under 35 years of age had only breast ultrasound. Core biopsy was performed under ultrasound guidance or clinically by a breast surgeon/ radiologist for BI-RADS category 3,4,5 lesions. Statistical Methods: Chi square test was done to show the strength of association of imaging findings and histopathology results of core biopsy. Results: 437 patients were symptomatic and 30 patients had screen detected abnormalities. The positive predictive value for BI-RADS 5 lesions for malignancy is 93.25% and the negative predictive value of BI-RADS category 3 lesions for cancer is 98.4%. False negative diagnosis on core biopsy was 0.85%. We were able to defer surgery in 60% of the patients with a clear radiological and pathological benign diagnosis. Conclusion: The PPV and NPV for cancer is high with needle core biopsy in BI-RADS 3,4,5 lesions. Where there is no discordance between clinical, radiology and pathology findings

  3. ASPIRE: Added-value Sensing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anggorojati, Bayu; Cetin, Kamil; Mihovska, Albena D.;

    2010-01-01

    FP7 ICT project ASPIRE is one of the coordinated European efforts to further the advancement of this technology, in the areas of enabling technology development for RFID. The focus of ASPIRE is on the design, development and adoption of an innovative, programmable, royalty-free, lightweight...... and privacy friendly RFID middleware. Advances in active RFID integration with WSNs allow for more RFID-based applications to be developed. In order to fill the gap between the active RFID system and the existing middleware, a HAL for active reader and ALE server extension to support sensing data from active...

  4. Aspiration of biological viscoelastic drops

    CERN Document Server

    Guevorkian, Karine; Durth, Mélanie; Dufour, Sylvie; Brochard-Wyart, Françoise

    2010-01-01

    Spherical cellular aggregates are in vitro systems to study the physical and biophysical properties of tissues. We present a novel approach to characterize the mechanical properties of cellular aggregates using micropipette aspiration technique. We observe an aspiration in two distinct regimes, a fast elastic deformation followed by a viscous flow. We develop a model based on this viscoelastic behavior to deduce the surface tension, viscosity, and elastic modulus. A major result is the increase of the surface tension with the applied force, interpreted as an effect of cellular mechanosensing.

  5. Magnetic resonance guided localization and biopsy of suspicious breast lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, U; Kopka, L; Grabbe, E

    1998-02-01

    Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is being used increasingly as a complementary diagnostic modality in breast imaging of preselected patients. The exclusion of multicentricity before surgery and the differentiation between a scar and a carcinoma are well-accepted indications of this method. Problems result when suspicious lesions found with MRI cannot be visualized with mammography or ultrasonography. In these cases, MRI-based guidance systems are needed to guide needle biopsy or allow localization of the lesion before surgery. At our institution, 167 MR-guided interventions (35 percutaneous biopsies and 132 preoperative localizations) have been performed with the use of different types of add-on devices during the past 3 years. Percutaneous biopsy (31 fine needle aspiration and four core biopsies) revealed 24 benign and 8 malignant lesions, 3 biopsies were insufficient. Histologic examination after MR-guided wire localization showed benign findings in 68 lesions (52%) and malignancy in 64 lesions (48%). Technical aspects, experiences, advantages, and disadvantages of our system as well as those of other devices are reported and discussed. MR-compatible equipment for interventions of the breast is demonstrated. In conclusion, we perform MR-guided interventions of the breast routinely in indicated cases at a rate of approximately 3-5% for all patients undergoing diagnostic contrast-enhanced MRI of the breast. PMID:9617901

  6. Laryngeal chondrosarcoma diagnosed by core-needle biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyamaru, Satoru; Haba, Koichi

    2014-01-01

    We report a case of chondrosarcoma of the larynx, diagnosed by a percutaneous core-needle biopsy (CNB). Cartilaginous tumors of the larynx are usually diagnosed by biopsy with direct laryngomicroscopy under general anesthesia. However, patients find it difficult to undergo a biopsy under general anesthesia, for physical, economic, and social reasons. Instead, we can readily detect and sample tumors of the larynx using ultrasound under local anesthesia with reduced stress. Concerning needle-puncture biopsies, including fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and CNB, some studies have reported needle track dissemination, a possible complication in patients with malignant tumors. Thus, in the head and neck region, we generally use FNAC for biopsies, not CNB. However, it can be difficult to diagnose bone tumors by cytology alone. Regarding primary bone tumors, only one study has reported needle track dissemination by CNB, in osteosarcoma of the femur. Additionally, this complication has not been reported before with chondrosarcoma anywhere in the body. To our knowledge, this is the first report concerning chondrosarcoma of the larynx diagnosed by percutaneous CNB. We recommend CNB as a useful and safe diagnostic technique for primary bone tumors in the head and neck region.

  7. Image-Guided percutaneous biopsies with a biopsy gun

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Kyung Hwan; Lim, Hyo Keun; Kim, Eun Ah; Yun, Ku Sub; Bae, Sang Hoo; Shin, Hyung Sik [Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-07-15

    We report the results of image-guided percutaneous biopsies with a biopsy gun and evaluate the clinical usefulness. One hundred and five biopsies under ultrasonographic or fluoroscopic guidance were performed. Various anatomic sites were targeted(liver; 50, chest; 22, kidney; 12, pancreas; 8, intraperitoeum; 7, retroperitoneum; ). Obtained tissue was diagnostic in 98 of the 105 biopsies(93%). In each instance, representative core tissue specimens were obtained. Evaluation of the core tissue by pathologist revealed consistent, uniform specimens that contained significant crush artifact in no case. Five biopsies yielded inadequate tissue which were too small for histopathologic interpretation or were composed of necrotic debris. Two biopsies yielded adequate tissues, but tissues were not of the target. The diagnoses were malignancy in 77 biopsies and benign disease in 21 biopsies. No complications other than mild, localized discomfort were encountered except a transient hemoptysis and pneumothorax which was observed in two patients. Cutting biopsy with a biopsy gun provided sufficient amount of target tissue for an accurate diagnosis of malignant and benign disease. It was a safe and useful procedure for percutaneous biopsy.

  8. Ultrasound-guided renal biopsy with automated biopsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Pil Yeob; Kwon, Jae Soo [Masan Samsung Hospital, Masan (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-01-01

    To elevate the diagnostic yield and complications of percutaneous ultrasound-guided renal biopsy using a biopsy gun in patients with diffuse renal disease. Using an automated biopsy gun mounted with a 16 G needle, biopsies were performed on 90 patients with diffuse renal disease. In a total of 95 biopsies, diagnostic yield, the mean number of glomeruli and frequency of complication were retrospectively analysed. Tissue adequate for histological diagnosis was obtained in 92 % of procedures. Mean glomerular yield was 8.3, and complications were seen in 26% of the procedures, 25 % of these were minor, and 1% were major. For the diagnosis of diffuse renal disease, ultrasound-guided percutaneous renal biopsy using an automated biopsy gun is accurate and safe. (author). 25 refs., 1 tab.

  9. Etiological Profile of Plasmacytosis on Bone Marrow Aspirates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Gupta

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: In recent years, during routine examination of bone marrow aspirates, an increased plasma cell per­centage has been noted in a good number of cases which included both neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases. An attempt has been made to observe the spectra of condi­tions with plasmacytosis in bone marrow. Methods: The present study was conducted in the de­partment of pathology over a period of one year. A total of 114 bone marrow aspirates that showed increased plas­ma cells (>3.5% constitute the study material. A detailed relevant clinical examination followed by complete blood count, peripheral smear examination and bone marrow aspiration was done in all cases. Results: There was slight female predominance with male to female ratio of 1:1.1. The majority of patients were in 4th decade. The plasma cell concentration ranged from 5% to 36%. As far as the etiology is concerned, 96 cases (84.2% were non-neoplastic and 18 cases (15.7% had neoplastic etiology. Conclusion: Bone marrow plasmacytosis can present as diagnostic dilemma and some time can be challenging to differentiate reactive from neoplastic condition as there is an overlap both in counts and morphology. Each case with plasmacytosis especially in the overlap range requires complete clinical evaluation, individualized investigations and more specific tests like immunoelectrophoresis and bone marrow biopsy with immunohistochemistry to arrive at a final diagnosis for patient management.

  10. Benefits of a combined approach to sampling of renal neoplasms as demonstrated in a series of 351 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parks, Graham E; Perkins, Louis Allen; Zagoria, Ronald J; Garvin, Abbott Julian; Sirintrapun, Sahussapont Joseph; Geisinger, Kim R

    2011-06-01

    Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation is increasingly used for curative treatment of primary cancers of the kidney. We reviewed our experience of percutaneous sampling performed under computed tomographic guidance with fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) and core biopsy (CB), and we report on the complementary roles of these 2 techniques in a series of 351 consecutive patients undergoing radiofrequency ablation for renal neoplasms. Both FNAB and CB were obtained in 290 cases, of which 156 patients (54%) were positive for neoplasm in both specimens, and 27 (9%) were negative for tumor in both specimens. In 58 (20%) patients, the FNABs were positive, but the CBs were negative, and the reverse occurred in 11 patients (4%). When suspicious interpretations by FNAB and CB are included as positives in the calculations, both their complementary nature and the relative higher diagnostic yield of FNAB persisted. In 25 cases with FNABs positive for neoplasm, the CB allowed a more specific tumor classification. The 19 cases of FNAB which were read as negative/benign had corresponding CBs that were also negative/benign in 13 cases; yet, 6 were diagnostic of renal cell carcinoma not otherwise specified (1 case), renal cell carcinoma clear cell/conventional (4 cases), and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (1 case). These and additional findings illustrate the complementary value of the combination of the 2 biopsy methods for a reliable pretherapy morphologic confirmation of specific renal neoplasms. FNAB has relatively greater sensitivity and utility for on-site evaluation, whereas CB provides an additional sample for more specific subclassification and additional studies. PMID:21552112

  11. Different Methods for Prostate Biopsy and Biopsy Protocols

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahyar Ghafoori

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Prostate carcinoma is one of the most common"nmalignancies among men. Increasing mortality rates due"nto prostate carcinoma have been observed worldwide."nThis disease usually progresses imperceptibly, for this"nreason; screening programs aimed at early detection"nhave been developed. The prostate specific antigen"n(PSA test is among the best screening tools available"nin medicine today because it is recognized as the best"nmarker for its early detection."nIn case of abnormal rise in PSA, the patient usually"nrefers for prostate biopsy under the guide of trans"nrectal ultrasonography (TRUS. Different methods are"nrecognized for prostate biopsy that may be divided"ninto two main categories namely, systematic biopsy"nand targeted biopsy."nIn systematic biopsy we divide the prostate gland"nrandomly to different sections and obtain biopsy"nspecimens from each section.The protocol of systematic biopsy is different among"ndifferent institutions. The number of biopsy specimens"ncould be started from less than 6 to more than 20"nbiopsies in some institutions. Increasing the number"nof biopsy specimens increases the detection rate for"nprostate cancer increasing the complications such"nas post biopsy prostatitis and septicemia, which are"nthe most important, as well. In scheduling a biopsy"nprotocol with high number of biopsies it is preferred"nto hospitalize the patient and prescribe intravenous"nantibiotics."nTargeted biopsy of the prostate means obtaining biopsy"nspecimens from a pathologic lesion that is suspicious"nfor prostate cancer. Different modalities could be"nused for detecting prostate cancer within the prostate"ngland. Transrectal ultrasonography, ultrasonography"nwith the use of ultrasound contrast agents, MRI of the"nprostate with the use of endorectal coil, dynamic MR"nstudy with contrast agent, diffusion weighted imaging"nof the prostate and MR spectroscopy all could help"nin the detection of a suspicious tumoral mass in the

  12. Aspirations of Latina adolescent suicide attempters

    OpenAIRE

    Hausmann-Stabile, Carolina; Gulbas, Lauren; Zayas, Luis H.

    2013-01-01

    Parents’ aspirations and expectations are communicated to their offspring. Children internalize their parents’ aspirations and accept some of the expectations while rejecting others, all part of the developmental process and identity-consolidation. When the aspirations and expectations of youth and parents are incongruent, the outcomes in youths’ behavior can be deleterious, such as when adolescents manifest suicidal behaviors. We examined aspirations expressed by 12 Latina adolescent suicide...

  13. Stability analysis of micropipette aspiration of neutrophils.

    OpenAIRE

    Derganc, J; Bozic, B; Svetina, S.; Zeks, B.

    2000-01-01

    During micropipette aspiration, neutrophil leukocytes exhibit a liquid-drop behavior, i.e., if a neutrophil is aspirated by a pressure larger than a certain threshold pressure, it flows continuously into the pipette. The point of the largest aspiration pressure at which the neutrophil can still be held in a stable equilibrium is called the critical point of aspiration. Here, we present a theoretical analysis of the equilibrium behavior and stability of a neutrophil during micropipette aspirat...

  14. Usefulness of automated biopsy guns in image-guided biopsy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the usefulness of automated biopsy guns in image-guided biopsy of lung, liver, pancreas and other organs. Using automated biopsy devices, 160 biopsies of variable anatomic sites were performed: Biopsies were performed under ultrasonographic(US) guidance in 95 and computed tomographic (CT) guidance in 65. We retrospectively analyzed histologic results and complications. Specimens were adequate for histopathologic diagnosis in 143 of the 160 patients(89.4%)-Diagnostic tissue was obtained in 130 (81.3%), suggestive tissue obtained in 13(8.1%), and non-diagnostic tissue was obtained in 14(8.7%). Inadequate tissue was obtained in only 3(1.9%). There was no statistically significant difference between US-guided and CT-guided percutaneous biopsy. There was no occurrence of significant complication. We have experienced mild complications in only 5 patients-2 hematuria and 2 hematochezia in transrectal prostatic biopsy, and 1 minimal pneumothorax in CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy. All of them were resolved spontaneously. The image-guided biopsy using the automated biopsy gun was a simple, safe and accurate method of obtaining adequate specimen for the histopathologic diagnosis

  15. Telepathology and Optical Biopsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Ferrer-Roca

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The ability to obtain information about the structure of tissue without taking a sample for pathology has opened the way for new diagnostic techniques. The present paper reviews all currently available techniques capable of producing an optical biopsy, with or without morphological images. Most of these techniques are carried out by physicians who are not specialized in pathology and therefore not trained to interpret the results as a pathologist would. In these cases, the use of telepathology or distant consultation techniques is essential.

  16. Harmonic Contrast-Enhanced Endoscopic Ultrasonography for the Guidance of Fine-Needle Aspiration in Solid Pancreatic Masses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seicean, A; Badea, R; Moldovan-Pop, A;

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The global accuracy of fine-needle aspiration guided by endoscopic ultrasound (EUS-FNA) for pancreatic adenocarcinoma is about 85 %. The use of contrast agents during EUS to highlight vessels and the necrotic parts of pancreatic masses may improve biopsy guidance. Our aim was to assess w...

  17. Analysis of estrogen and progesterone receptors on preoperative fine-needle aspirates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frigo, B; Pilotti, S; Zurrida, S; Ermellino, L; Manzari, A; Rilke, F

    1995-01-01

    For 56 cases of carcinoma of the breast, results of the immunocytochemical assay for estrogen and progesterone receptors performed on preoperative fine-needle aspirates were compared with those obtained on scraping material from the same tumors. The value and usefulness of this last analysis was demonstrated in a previous study. The level of agreement between the two cytological techniques was assessed by the k statistic. A high level of agreement was found, with k values of 0.909 and 0.889 for estrogen and progesterone receptors, respectively. The results reported here revealed the reliability of steroid receptor determination on fine-needle aspiration biopsies, provided that sufficient cellularity was available. This technique can replace the open biopsy procedure, in as much as it represents a rapid, almost painless, and easily repeated method for the assessment of the receptor status, and is useful for treatment decisions at any time during the course of the disease.

  18. The accuracy of colposcopic biopsy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stoler, Mark H; Vichnin, Michelle D; Ferenczy, Alex;

    2011-01-01

    We evaluated the overall agreement between colposcopically directed biopsies and the definitive excisional specimens within the context of three clinical trials. A total of 737 women aged 16-45 who had a cervical biopsy taken within 6 months before their definitive therapy were included. Per......-protocol, colposcopists were to also obtain a representative cervical biopsy immediately before definitive therapy. Using adjudicated histological diagnoses, the initial biopsies and the same day biopsies were correlated with the surgically excised specimens. The overall agreement between the biopsies taken within 6...... months of definitive therapy, and the definitive therapy diagnoses was 42% (weighted kappa = 0.34) (95% CI: 0.29-0.39). The overall underestimation of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2/3 or adenocarcinoma in situ (CIN2-3/AIS) and CIN3/AIS was 26 and 42%, respectively. When allowing for one...

  19. [Pathophysiology and Therapeutic Approach of Pulmonary Aspiration].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchida, Kanji

    2016-01-01

    Pulmonary aspiration is one of the serious adverse events in general anesthesia. Aspiration induced lung injury varies according to the nature of the contents of aspirates (acid or small particles in gastrointestinal tract, bile acid), amount of aspirates, and host-defense status. Early inflammatory responses to acid and small particles from gastrointestinal contents are categorized as aspiration pneumonitis causing rapid respiratory deterioration with early restoration of lung injury within a couple of days. Late phase lung injury is usually "aspiration pneumonia" caused by bacteria colonized in the aspirates. Treatment mainstream is to support respiratory function until the lung resolves from injury. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is another promising therapeutic option for cases with severe lung damage to keep the "lung rest" during fulminant lung injury, avoiding further lung damage by injurious ventilation. Empirical administration of antibiotics covering wide spectrum followed by meticulous bacteriological studies to either de-escalate or discontinue antibiotics is crucial. PMID:27004380

  20. [Technic of fine needle aspiration cytology of the thyroid gland: coagulation inhibiting and stabilizing additives].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schröder, F; Poley, F

    1988-04-01

    In the fine needle aspiration cytology of the thyroid gland by the moistening of cannule and syringe with heparin or citric sodium rather disadvantages for the evaluation are the result. Artificial changes are most clearly to be seen in heparin. ACD-buffer does indeed not bring about any artefacts, does, however, also not show any provable advantages. In the fine needle biopsy the additives mentioned are entirely avoidable. PMID:3388921

  1. Fuzzy method for pre-diagnosis of breast cancer from the Fine Needle Aspirate analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Sizilio Gláucia RMA; Leite Cicília RM; Guerreiro Ana MG; Neto Adrião D Dória

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Across the globe, breast cancer is one of the leading causes of death among women and, currently, Fine Needle Aspirate (FNA) with visual interpretation is the easiest and fastest biopsy technique for the diagnosis of this deadly disease. Unfortunately, the ability of this method to diagnose cancer correctly when the disease is present varies greatly, from 65% to 98%. This article introduces a method to assist in the diagnosis and second opinion of breast cancer from the an...

  2. Fine-Needle Aspiration Cytology of Soft Tissue Sarcoma: Benefits and Limitations

    OpenAIRE

    Måns Åkerman

    1998-01-01

    Purpose. Examine the benefits and limitations of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNA) used as the definitive diagnostic method before treatment. Method. Review of the 25 year experience at a multidisciplinary musculo-skeletal centre where FNA is the primary diagnostic approach to soft tissue sarcoma in the extremities and trunk wall and the experience of various experts in the field. Results. FNA has several benefits compared with coarse needle or open surgical biopsy. The most important are...

  3. Fine-needle aspiration cytology in children with superficial lymphadenopathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. De Corti

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: In pediatric population Fine-Needle Aspiration Citology (FNAC is slowly gaining acceptance in clinical management of Superficial Lymphadenopathy (SL. Our experience adds some data about the usefulness of this technique in diagnosing the cause of a SL and therefore guiding further treatment. Patients and Methods: 238 FNAC were performed in 217 patients with SL, observed at our Institution from 2002 to 2006. The neck was the most frequent localization. The results were available within few hours. In cases of granulomatous findings, the samples were processed for microbiological and PCR test, in order to identify Mycobacteria. Results: 174 were reactive lesions, 38 granulomatous lymphadenopathies, 24 malignant lesions, 2 specimens inadequate for diagnosis. Among the 174 reactive SL, 22 required an incisional biopsy after 1 month follow-up. Among the granulomatous lymphadenopathies, 13 children with Cat-Scratch Disease recovered, 25 with Mycobacteria infection underwent surgical excision. For 24 malignant lesions, the diagnosis was confirmed by further biopsy. Two false negative and no false positive were detected (sensitivity 92%, specificity 100%. No complications were encountered. Conclusions: In our experience FNAC, performed by experienced cytopathologist, has revealed to be a fast, safe, non invasive and inexpensive method to achieve diagnosis in persistent SL. The use of FNAC gave us the possibility to select patients for further investigation and/or surgical treatment. Incisional biopsy remains necessary to confirm the diagnosis in case of malignancy or doubtful lesions.

  4. Lipid aspiration pneumonia due to gastroesophageal reflux. An unusual radiographic appearance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wolfson, B.J.; Allen, J.L.; Panitch, H.B.; Karmazin, N.

    1989-08-01

    The development of lipid aspiration pneumonia after chronic nasopharyngeal installation of mineral oil was first described in 1925 by Laughlin. Since that time this entity has been well recognized and numerous substances have been identified or implicated as the aspirated material. The classic radiographic appearance of severe chronic lipid aspiration pneumonia has been described as consisting of intense perihilar infiltrates. However, the radiographic findings are more often non-specific and usually consist of varying degrees of diffuse interstitial infiltrates that tend to be more prominent in the perihilar regions and the right lung. We are reporting a case of biopsy-proven lipid aspiration pneumonia in an infant with known gastro-esophageal reflux (GER) who had medium-chain triglyceride oil administered via nasogastric tube. Serial roentgenograms demonstrated a changing pulmonary pattern from diffuse bilateral interstitial infiltrates initially to a diffuse alveolar pattern at the time of the lung biopsy. Modern medicine has developed new methods for providing nourishment to sick newborns and infants to improve their nutritional status and help them to grow. One such method involves the administration of medium-chain triglycerides (MCT oil) into the GI tract via a nasogastric or nasoenteral tube. The purpose of this report is to describe a significant complication of this method of providing nutrition to an infant with gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and the diagnostic dilemma it presented. (orig.).

  5. Biopsy of parotid masses: Review of current techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haldar, Sananda; Sinnott, Joseph D; Tekeli, Kemal M; Turner, Samuel S; Howlett, David C

    2016-05-28

    Definitive diagnosis of parotid gland masses is required optimal management planning and for prognosis. There is controversy over whether fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) or ultrasound guided core biopsy (USCB) should be the standard for obtaining a biopsy. The aim of this review is to assess the current evidence available to assess the benefits of each technique and also to assess the use of intra-operative frozen section (IOFS). Literature searches were performed using pubmed and google scholar. The literature has been reviewed and the evidence is presented. FNAC is an accepted and widely used technique. It has been shown to have variable diagnostic capabilities depending on centres and experience of staff. USCB has a highly consistent diagnostic accuracy and can help with tumour grading and staging. However, the technique is more invasive and there is a question regarding potential for seeding. Furthermore, USCB is less likely to be offered as part of a one-stop clinic. IOFS has no role as a first line diagnostic technique but may be reserved as an adjunct or for lesions not amenable to percutaneous biopsy. On balance, USCB seems to be the method of choice. The current evidence suggests it has superior diagnostic potential and is safe. With time, USCB is likely to supplant FNAC as the biopsy technique of choice, replicating that which has occurred already in other areas of medicine such a breast practice. PMID:27247715

  6. Diagnosis and surgical treatment of suspicious nonpalpable breast lesions and early breast cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Saarela, A. (Arto)

    1999-01-01

    Abstract The purposes of the present research were to evaluate (1) the value of ultrasonographically guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB) in nonpalpable suspicious breast lesions, (2) the preoperative use of methylene blue staining in nonpalpable galactographically suspicious breast lesions, (3) the determinants of positive histologic margins and residual cancer in wire-guided biopsy (WGB) of nonpalpable breast cancer and in lumpectomy for early breast ...

  7. Computed tomography guided needle biopsy: experience from 1,300 procedures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chojniak, Rubens; Isberner, Rony Klaus; Viana, Luciana Marinho; Yu, Liao Shin; Aita, Alessandro Amorim; Soares, Fernando Augusto [Hospital do Cancer A.C. Camargo, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Radiologia e Patologia

    2006-01-15

    Context and objective: computed tomography (CT) guided biopsy is widely accepted as effective and safe for diagnosis in many settings. Accuracy depends on target organ and needle type. Cutting needles present advantages over fine needles. This study presents experience from CT guided biopsies performed at an oncology center. Design and setting: retrospective study at Hospital do Cancer A. C. Camargo, Sao Paulo.Methods: 1,300 consecutive CT guided biopsies performed between July 1994 and February 2000 were analyzed. Nodules or masses were suspected as primary malignancy in 845 cases (65%) or metastatic lesion in 455 (35%). 628 lesions were thoracic, 281 abdominal, 208 retroperitoneal, 134 musculoskeletal and 49 head/neck. All biopsies were performed by one radiologist or under his supervision: 765 (59%) with 22-gauge fine-needle/aspiration technique and 535 (41%) with automated 16 or 18-gauge cutting-needle biopsy. Results: adequate samples were obtained in 70-92% of fine-needle and 93-100% of cutting-needle biopsies. The specific diagnosis rates were 54-67% for fine-needle and 82-100% for cutting-needle biopsies, according to biopsy site. For any site, sample adequacy and specific diagnosis rate were always better for cutting-needle biopsy. Among 530 lung biopsies, there were 84 pneumothorax (16%) and two hemothorax (0.3%) cases, with thoracic drainage in 24 (4.9%). Among abdominal and retroperitoneal biopsies, there were two cases of major bleeding and one of peritonitis. Conclusion: both types of needle showed satisfactory results, but cutting-needle biopsy should be used when specific diagnosis is desired without greater incidence of complications. (author)

  8. Acute promyelocytic leukemia-associated Sweet's syndrome mimicking an axillary abscess: A case report with review of literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaopande, Vandana L; Joshi, Sourabh S; Joshi, Avinash R

    2015-12-01

    A subcutaneous painful left axillary nodule was clinically diagnosed as abscess. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) revealed smears full of mature neutrophils. Background was free of fibrinous necrotic material and degenerating and necrotic neutrophils, which is characteristic of abscess. No organisms were detectable on special staining, and culture was sterile. A cytological differential diagnosis of abscess or Sweet's syndrome (SS) was offered, and the latter was confirmed. SS, also known as acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, shows diffuse dermal neutrophilic infiltrate without vasculitis on biopsy. Our case is probably the first where SS was diagnosed on FNAB. SS is a differential diagnosis for painful skin nodules. FNAB smears of painful skin nodules that yield abundant neutrophils should be carefully evaluated for necrosis, fibrin and degenerated neutrophils. The absence of these in an appropriate clinical setting points towards a neutrophilic dermatosis like SS. PMID:26390119

  9. ROLE OF FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION CYTOLOGY IN THE EVALUATION OF MALE INFERTILITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasad

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Male infertility is a common problem and needs a minimally invasive method to arrive at the appropriate diagnosis . Alternative to open testicular biopsy the fine needle aspiration cytology of the testis is being increasingly used as a minimally invasive method of evaluating testicular function . AIM OF THE STUDY: To know whether FNAC of testes is as informative as biopsy in cases of male infertility . To establish that FNAC is cost effective , safe , out p atient investigation with no complications . METHODOLOGY: Fifty patients with primary male infertility in the age group of 20 - 40 years were included in the study . All the cases with oligospermia and azoospermia were subjected for Doppler study to rule out varicocele . Cord block was achieved with 1% lignocaine and aspiration was done with 23 gauge 1 . 5 inch needle . Smears were made on albuminised slides and stained with Leishman Stain . Forresta et al scoring system was adopted to analyse the smears . In the same sitting testicular biopsy was taken , fixed in Bouins fluid , routinely processed and stained with H&E stain . RESULTS: The commonest group with infertility were in the age group 21 - 30 years . On semen analysis 78% were azoospermic and 22% were oligozoospermic . The testicular size was normal in 90 % of subjects and 10% had small testis . Out of fifty subjects with infertility , 40% subjects had varicocele . Varicocele was commonly associated with duct obstruction . The commonest patterns observed on cytology were; normal spermatogenesis ( 14/50 , 28 % , duct obstruction ( 8/50 , 16 % , maturation arre st ( 7/50 , 14 % and testicular atrophy ( 7/50 , 14 % . In the present study diagnostic accuracy was 93 . 4% . CONCLUSION: Fine needle aspiration cytology is as informative as biopsy and can be done as a routine procedure . It is a simple and cost effective . In cases where FNAC shows normal spermatogenesis with azoospermia and oligospermia , biopsy and doppler study

  10. Outpatient blind percutaneous liver biopsy in infants and children: Is it safe?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mortada H El-Shabrawi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim: We aim to investigate the safety of outpatient blind percutaneous liver biopsy (BPLB in infants and children with chronic liver disease (CLD. Patients and Methods: BPLB was performed as an outpatient procedure using the aspiration Menghini technique in 80 infants and children, aged 2 months to 14 yrs, for diagnosis of their CLD. Patients were divided into three groups: Group 1 (6 hrs due to oversedation in 2.5%. There was a statistically significant rise in the 1-hr post-biopsy mean heart and respiratory rates, but the rise was non-significant at 6 and 24 hrs except for group 2 where heart rate and respiratory rates significantly dropped at 24 hrs. No statistically significant difference was noted between the mean pre-biopsy and the 1, 6, and 24-hrs post-biopsy values of blood pressure in all groups. The 24-hrs post-biopsy mean hemoglobin and hematocrit showed a significant decrease, while the 24-hrs post-biopsy mean total leucocyte and platelet counts showed non-significant changes. The 24-hrs post-biopsy mean liver enzymes were non-significantly changed except the 24-hrs post-biopsy mean PT which was found to be significantly prolonged, for a yet unknown reason(s. Conclusions: Outpatient BPLB performed by the Menghini technique is safe and well tolerated even in infants and young children. Frequent, close monitoring of patients is strongly recommended to achieve optimal patient safety and avoid potential complications.

  11. [Experiences with the pneumatic drill for the taking of biopsy cylinders].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfarrwaller, A; Wild, A; Hardmeier, T

    1977-02-19

    Surgical excisional biopsies, needle biopsies and aspiration biopsies are at present the most frequently used technical procedures in the diagnosis of tumors or other pathologic conditions. An additional, lesser known method of obtaining tissue for microscopic examination with a high speed pneumatic drill biopsy device is described. Over a period of 29 months 118 biopsies have been performed in 99 patients for histologic examinations limited to breast lymph nodes, skin and scars, thyroid gland, bone and parotic gland. Only 8 (6.8%) out of 118 biopsies were inadequate for microscopic evaluation. The 110 (93.2%) histologically adequate biopsies showed 76 (64.4%) specimens with pathologic changes and 28 (23.7%) were correctly negative. Consequently, 104 (88.1%) of the biopsies performed gave correct results. 6 cases (5.1%) were false-negative. False-positive cases were not obtained. In view of the number of successful examinations with adequate results, it can be concluded that the method presented is a useful diagnostic tool. The procedure involves little stress for the patient and can be performed under local anesthesia on an out-patient basis.

  12. [MRI-guided musculoskeletal biopsy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daecke, W; Libicher, M; Mädler, U; Rumpf, C; Bernd, L

    2003-02-01

    MRI-guided musculoskeletal biopsy has been mentioned to be a minimally invasive method to obtain specimens for diagnostic purposes in bone tumors. To evaluate the viability, to assess the accuracy, and to record possible complications of this method, clinical data of 19 MRI-guided biopsies were analyzed. Interventions were performed on 18 patients (1-78 years) as an outpatient procedure: 15 skeletal and 4 soft tissue biopsies were taken from the pelvis, upper limb,or lower limb. We used T1-weighted gradient echoes (GE) for locating the puncture site and T2-weighted turbo spin echoes (TSE) for visualization of needle position. In 14 of 18 MRI-guided biopsies, a definite histological diagnosis was obtained. According to the pathologist, the inadequate size of the specimen was the main reason for missing the diagnoses in four cases.Long intervention time and inappropriate biopsy tools proved to be the main disadvantages of MRI-guided biopsy, but technical improvement might solve these technical problems in future.A postbiopsy hematoma was the only complication observed. Once technically improved, MRI-guided biopsy could be a precise alternative routine method for musculoskeletal biopsies in future. PMID:12607083

  13. Biopsy of the Transplanted Kidney

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad, Iftikhar

    2004-01-01

    This article describes the current state-of-the-art technique of percutaneous transplant renal biopsy. A brief overview of the history of transplant renal biopsy is given. The indications and contraindications are discussed, including pre- and postprocedure patient management. The technique of the procedure and the devices that are available in the market are described.

  14. Computed tomography-guided needle biopsy of lung lesions in fourteen cats and dogs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Computed tomography (CT)-guided fine-needle aspirates (FNA) or core biopsies of lung lesions were performed in nine dogs and five cats. A clinical diagnosis was obtained in twelve of fourteen animals (85%), namely 80% FNA and 100% core biopsies. Eight animals had other mass (es) apart from the lung, and five were diagnosed to metastases. In only one case, the lung mass was histopathologically diagnosed as a malignant primary tumor. Iatrogenic complications through the lung biopsies were noted in four animals, and three showed mild pneumothorax on CT images and one was bleeding from the needle. However, between fifteen and thirty minutes after the biopsy, no animal indicated signs of pneumothorax or hemorrhage

  15. Can EGFR mutation status be reliably determined in pre-operative needle biopsies from adenocarcinomas of the lung?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindahl, Kim Hein; Sørensen, Flemming Brandt; Jonstrup, Søren Peter;

    2015-01-01

    The identification of EGFR mutations in non-small-cell lung cancer is important for selecting patients, who may benefit from treatment with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The analysis is usually performed on cytological aspirates and/or histological needle biopsies, representing a small fractio...

  16. A Glance at the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moon, Hee Jung; Kwak, Jin Young; Kim, Eun Kyung [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-03-15

    Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is an accurate and cost effective diagnostic tool for differentiating malignant and benign thyroid nodules. Despite the efforts of the Papanicolaou group to standardize thyroid cytopathology reporting, no universal standard reporting system exists to date. Pathologists believe that clinicians sufficiently understand FNAB cytological reports. However, this is not necessarily the case. There is often a significant gap between pathologists' beliefs and the clinicians' understanding. As a result, we propose 'The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology' by the National Cancer Institute. In this editorial, we briefly introduce the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology

  17. Renal biopsy: methods and interpretation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaden, Shelly L

    2004-07-01

    Renal biopsy most often is indicated in the management of dogs and cats with glomerular disease or acute renal failure. Renal biopsy can readily be performed in dogs and cats via either percutaneous or surgical methods. Care should be taken to ensure that proper technique is used. When proper technique is employed and patient factors are properly addressed, renal biopsy is a relatively safe procedure that minimally affects renal function. Patients should be monitored during the post biopsy period for severe hemorrhage, the most common complication. Accurate diagnosis of glomerular disease, and therefore, accurate treatment planning,requires that the biopsy specimens not only be evaluated by light microscopy using special stains but by electron and immunofluorescent microscopy. PMID:15223207

  18. Rapid Detection of high-level oncogene amplifications in ultrasonic surgical aspirations of brain tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Truong Long N

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Genomic tumor information, such as identification of amplified oncogenes, can be used to plan treatment. The two sources of a brain tumor that are commonly available include formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE sections from the small diagnostic biopsy and the ultrasonic surgical aspiration that contains the bulk of the tumor. In research centers, frozen tissue of a brain tumor may also be available. This study compared ultrasonic surgical aspiration and FFPE specimens from the same brain tumors for retrieval of DNA and molecular assessment of amplified oncogenes. Methods Surgical aspirations were centrifuged to separate erythrocytes from the tumor cells that predominantly formed large, overlying buffy coats. These were sampled to harvest nuclear pellets for DNA purification. Four glioblastomas, 2 lung carcinoma metastases, and an ependymoma were tested. An inexpensive PCR technique, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA, quantified 79 oncogenes using 3 kits. Copy number (CN results were normalized to DNA from non-neoplastic brain (NB in calculated ratios, [tumor DNA]/[NB DNA]. Bland-Altman and Spearman rank correlative comparisons were determined. Regression analysis identified outliers. Results Purification of DNA from ultrasonic surgical aspirations was rapid ( Conclusions Buffy coats of centrifuged ultrasonic aspirations contained abundant tumor cells whose DNA permitted rapid, multiplex detection of high-level oncogene amplifications that were confirmed in FFPE. Virtual slides http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1883718801686466

  19. Tracheobronchial Foreign Body Aspiration: Dental Prosthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ataman Köse

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available It is important to extract foreign bodies for avoiding life-threatening complications. They can lead to death if they are not treated. Different signs and symptoms could occur according to the complete or partial airway obstruction. Foreign body aspiration is a rare incident in adults. The organic foreign materials such as foods are found to be aspirated more commonly and are usually settled in the right bronchial system. However, dental prosthesis and teeth aspirations are rare in literature. In our study, a 52-year-old male patient who had aspirated the front part of his lower dental prosthesis accidentally is presented and the foreign body is extracted by using rigid bronchoscopy. There are many causes of aspiration but dental prosthetic aspirations should be kept in mind during sleep. For this reason, dental apparatus must be taken out while asleep.

  20. Prediction of aspiration in myasthenia gravis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koopman, Wilma J; Wiebe, Samuel; Colton-Hudson, Angela; Moosa, Tas; Smith, Dean; Bach, David; Nicolle, Michael W

    2004-02-01

    Prediction of the risk of dysphagia and aspiration is important in the management of myasthenia gravis (MG). We assessed the ability of four bedside clinical tools to predict aspiration in 20 MG patients. Patients completed a self-directed questionnaire, underwent clinical neurological assessment and a bedside speech pathology assessment, and were assessed with the quantitative myasthenia gravis (QMG) score. The ability of these tools to predict aspiration was compared with the results of a modified barium swallow. Seven patients aspirated, 4 silently. The total self-directed questionnaire score, two specific questions on the self-directed questionnaire, the prediction based on clinical neurological assessment, and the QMG bulbar subset score all correlated with aspiration. The speech pathology prediction was highly sensitive but less specific. This pilot study shows that simple clinical tools can predict which MG patients are at risk of aspiration. PMID:14755491

  1. Endogenous labour supply, habits and aspirations

    OpenAIRE

    Luciano Fanti

    2012-01-01

    Motivated by the increasing literature on endogenous preferences, this paper investigates the implications of the introduction of habit and aspiration formation when labour supply is endogenous, in an OLG small open economy. In contrast with models with exogenous labour supply where aspirations always reduce economic performance, we show that in a model with endogenous labour supply greater aspirations lead to a higher long run savings and economic performance, through their impact on the lab...

  2. Money, Happiness, and Aspirations: An Experimental Study

    OpenAIRE

    Michael McBride

    2007-01-01

    The past decade has witnessed an explosion of interest in the scientific study of happiness. Economists, in particular, find that happiness increases in income but decreases in income aspirations, and this work prompts examination of how aspirations form and adapt over time. This paper presents results from the first experimental study of how multiple factors -- past payments, social comparisons, and expectations -- influence aspiration formation and reported satisfaction. I find that expecta...

  3. Ultrasonic Surgical Aspirate is a Reliable Source For Culturing Glioblastoma Stem Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behnan, Jinan; Stangeland, Biljana; Langella, Tiziana; Finocchiaro, Gaetano; Murrell, Wayne; Brinchmann, Jan E.

    2016-01-01

    Glioma stem cells (GSCs) are thought to be the source of tumor growth and therapy resistance. To understand the biology of GSCs, and target these tumors therapeutically, we need robust strategies for in vitro expansion of primary GSCs. To date, tumor core biopsies have been the main established source of GSCs. Since these samples are used for diagnostic purposes, the available tissue for cell culture and therapeutic targeting can be limited. In addition, a core biopsy is usually taken from one part of the tumor, thus would be unlikely to represent intra-tumor heterogeneity. To overcome these problems, tissue fragments from all over the tumor can be collected using an ultrasonic aspirator during surgery, thus assembling a “global tumor biopsy”. Usually, this ultrasonic aspirate (UA) sample is considered as biological waste after operations. Here, we show that UA samples offer a large and reliable source of live cells. Similar to core biopsies, UA samples enriched for GSCs that differentiated into neural lineages, showed inter-individual variation of GSC markers, and induced tumors. Molecular profiling showed that UA samples cover tumor heterogeneity better than core biopsies. These results suggest that UA samples can be used to establish large scale cultures for therapeutic applications. PMID:27605047

  4. Thrombus aspiration catheter is a Dottering balloon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheshagiri Rao, D; Barik, Ramachandra; Prasad, Akula Siva

    2016-01-01

    Coronary angiogram in a young man with history of STEMI with delayed presentation revealed subtotal occlusion of left anterior descending artery (LAD) with large thrombotic filling defect distal to the critical lesion. PCI was preferred without delay because of ongoing chest pain. Several runs of thrombus aspiration failed to detect any visible thrombus. However, the immediate angiogram after thrombus aspiration showed complete distal embolization of the thrombus which could have been achieved by Dottering or balloon dilatation. In contrary to the general perception, does thrombus aspiration push more thrombus than it can aspirate? PMID:27543477

  5. Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in Diagnosis of Pure Neuritic Leprosy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bipin Kumar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Leprosy is a chronic infection affecting mainly the skin and peripheral nerve. Pure neuritic form of this disease manifests by involvement of the nerve in the absence of skin lesions. Therefore, it can sometimes create a diagnostic problem. It often requires a nerve biopsy for diagnosis, which is an invasive procedure and may lead to neural deficit. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC of an affected nerve can be a valuable and less invasive procedure for the diagnosis of such cases. We report five suspected cases of pure neuritic Hansen's disease involving the common and superficial peroneal, ulnar, and median nerve, who underwent FNAC. Smears revealed nerve fibers infiltrated by chronic inflammatory cells in all cases, presence of epithelioid cells granulomas, and Langhans giant cells in three cases, and acid fast bacilli in two cases. In conclusion, FNAC is a safe, less invasive, and time saving procedure for the diagnosis of pure neuritic leprosy.

  6. Efficacy of needle biopsy in postradiation thyroid disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Retrospective review was carried out of 124 patients with nodular disease of the thyroid gland and a history of radiation exposure who had undergone needle aspiration biopsy. Latency period from time of radiation varied from 2 to 50 years; but in 92 patients it exceeded 2 decades. Our patient group included those with occupational exposure and a past history of radiation for cancer. Incidence of cancer in the entire group was 49% but, for solitary lesions, this was increased to 56%, while only a 30% incidence of cancer was found in cases of multinodular goiters. Accuracy of needle aspiration biopsy overall was 74%: for the group with cancer--90%, for the group with adenomas--65%, and for the group with ''benign'' tumors--83%. Further assessment of needle technique indicated a sensitivity of 70%, specificity of 90%, positive predictive value of 90%, and negative predictive value of 83% to 65%. The accuracy could be increased to 84% if all adenomas were considered as possible malignancies. Eighteen percent of our patients had second tumors in the head and neck or breast area. Near-total thyroidectomy was considered to be the preferred procedure without accidental nerve injury and was done in one case of hypoparathyroidism after excision of an extensive tracheal invasive cancer. No evidence of death, recurrence, or metastasis as a result of thyroid cancer has been noted. While needle biopsy is indispensable to intelligent management, the history of radiation to the head and neck area must be preeminent in the selection of patients for surgical treatment. Conservative management appears to be reasonable in those patients with ''benign'' cytology, a less than 1 cm nodule, multinodularity, a functioning thyroid scan result, but persistence in the face of a lack of response to conservative management does not appear to be warranted

  7. The Role of Percutaneous Lung Biopsy in the Workup of a Solitary Pulmonary Nodule

    OpenAIRE

    Chaffey, Margaret H.

    1988-01-01

    As the technique of percutaneous lung biopsy continues to evolve, it offers an increasingly accurate method of establishing the malignancy or benignity of a solitary pulmonary nodule. There are relatively few contraindications to the procedure, and the complications—primarily pneumothorax and hemoptysis—generally resolve without therapy. Transthoracic needle aspiration has an important role in the workup for a “coin lesion.” Other elements of the diagnostic workup—particularly the history, a ...

  8. Gluteal Compartment Syndrome following an Iliac Bone Marrow Aspiration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edmundo Berumen-Nafarrate

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The compartment syndrome is a condition characterized by a raised hydraulic pressure within a closed and non expandable anatomical space. It leads to a vascular insufficiency that becomes critical once the vascular flow cannot return the fluids back to the venous system. This causes a potential irreversible damage of the contents of the compartment, especially within the muscle tissues. Gluteal compartment syndrome (GCS secondary to hematomas is seldom reported. Here we present a case of a 51-year-old patient with history of a non-Hodgkin lymphoma who underwent a bone marrow aspiration from the posterior iliac crest that had excessive bleeding at the puncture zone. The patient complained of increasing pain, tenderness, and buttock swelling. Intraoperative pressure validation of the gluteal compartment was performed, and a GCS was diagnosed. The patient was treated with a gluteal region fasciotomy. The patient recovered from pain and swelling and was discharged shortly after from the hospital. We believe clotting and hematologic disorders are a primary risk factor in patients who require bone marrow aspirations or biopsies. It is important to improve awareness of GCS in order to achieve early diagnosis, avoid complications, and have a better prognosis.

  9. Usefulness and Limitation of Manual Aspiration Immediately After Pneumothorax Complicating Interventional Radiological Procedures with the Transthoracic Approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of simple aspiration of air from the pleural space to prevent increased pneumothorax and avoid chest tube placement in cases of pneumothorax following interventional radiological procedures performed under computed tomography fluoroscopic guidance with the transthoracic percutaneous approach. While still on the scanner table, 102 cases underwent percutaneous manual aspiration of a moderate or large pneumothorax that had developed during mediastinal, lung, and transthoracic liver biopsies and ablations of lung and hepatic tumors (independent of symptoms). Air was aspirated from the pleural space by an 18- or 20-gauge intravenous catheter attached to a three-way stopcock and 20- or 50-mL syringe. We evaluated the management of each such case during and after manual aspiration. In 87 of the 102 patients (85.3%), the pneumothorax had resolved completely on follow-up chest radiographs without chest tube placement, but chest tube placement was required in 15 patients. Requirement of chest tube insertion significantly increased in parallel with the increased volume of aspirated air. When receiver-operating characteristic curves were applied retrospectively, the optimal cutoff level of aspirated air on which to base a decision to abandon manual aspiration alone and resort to chest tube placement was 670 mL. Percutaneous manual aspiration of the pneumothorax performed immediately after the procedure might prevent progressive pneumothorax and eliminate the need for chest tube placement. However, when the amount of aspirated air is large (such as more than 670 mL), chest tube placement should be considered

  10. 017. Exogenous acute lipoid pneumonitis from animal fat aspiration (part of intestine)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gkika, Dimitra; Manos, Emmanouil; Kolovos, Dimitrios; Batsouli, Vassiliki; Pathiaki, Eirini; Mavromati, Evagelia; Divani, Smaroula; Vardouli, Anna; Panagopoulos, Angelos; Karkanis, Konstantinos; Angel, Jacob

    2015-01-01

    Objective In the aspiration of animal fats, bronchoscopy is promptly necessary, not only for removing the foreign body but also for its therapeutic importance in order to avoid severe lipoid pneumonia, because fat acids are very toxic for the bronchial mucosa. Methods Patient 84 years old, nonsmoker, with a medical history of heart disease under acenocoumarol, referred accidental aspiration of cooked animal intestine, 12 hours ago, with rough cough and dyspnea that started instantly. To be noted, the patient presented with wheezing in both lungs. Thoracic CT scan images reveal a suspicion of aspiration, confirmed by indirectly evidence (right middle lobe atelectasis and also mediastinum transposition to the left and consolidation with atelectasis in the left lower lobe, as evidence of previous infections-possible aspirations, emerged from his case story). Therefore, urgent bronchoscopy was performed and the foreign body, that was movable with the cough, was removed. Bronchial lavage was performed due to acute infection in whole bronchial tree. A reactive granuloma tissue was noted in the entrance of the middle lobe, but because of the anticoagulant intake biopsy wasn’t performed. During his hospitalization the patient was under antibiotics, bronchodilators and corticosteroids. Results At the time of revaluation, two weeks after, the patient was non symptomatic while the new CT scan showed evidence of residual infection in the left lung and atelectasis of the right middle lobe on the left. Bronchoscopy was reperformed and biopsy was taken in the entrance of the right middle lobe because of the noted reactive granuloma tissue, seen at the first bronchoscopy. No signs of bronchial inflammation were found (impressive improvement due to immediate intervention). Conclusions Animal fat aspiration causes acute bronchial inflammation and therefore, lipoid pneumonia within a few hours, due to rapid hydrolysis of releasing fatty acids. Removing the animal fat with the

  11. Diagnosis by endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration of tuberculous lymphadenitis involving the peripancreatic lymph nodes: A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Joseph D Boujaoude; Khalil Honein; Cesar Yaghi; Claude Ghora; Gerard Abadjian; Raymond Sayegh

    2007-01-01

    Pancreatic tuberculosis is an extremely rare form of extrapulmonary disease. The diagnosis preoperatively is difficult because clinical, laboratory and radiologic findings are nonspecific. Published data indicate that these lesions mimic cystic neoplasms of the pancreas and the confirmation of clinical suspicion could only be obtained by an open surgical biopsy. Recently, fine needle aspiration cytology has been shown to be a safe,reliable and cost-effective alternative. We report a new case of a peripancreatic tuberculosis in a 52 year old woman and review the relevant literature, paying special attention to the usefulness of endoscopic ultrasound guided-fine needle aspiration in the diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis.

  12. Aspiration pneumonia of mineral oil: a case report; Pneumonia por aspiracao de oleo mineral: relato de um caso

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Malheiros, Noemia Reis; Costa Praxedes, Marcia da; Machado, Dianne Mello; Marchiori, Edson [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Hospital Universitario Antonio Pedro. Dept. de Radiologia; Morandi, Jose Laerte J.B. [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Hospital Universitario Antonio Pedro. Dept. Materno-Infantil; Teixeira, Graca Helena M.C. [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil)

    1995-07-01

    The authors report a case of 14 month-old boy with clinical features of dyspnea, cough and acrocyanosis following aspiration of mineral oil used in the treatment of partial small bowel obstruction by Ascaris lumbricoides. A chest roentgenogram was reported as extensive bilateral confluent consolidation that showed progressive improvement and the presence of a bilateral infiltration. The diagnosis of aspiration pneumonia of mineral oil was confirmed by lung biopsy. Radiological and anatomo pathological aspects are presented as well as a review of the medical literature about the case. (author). 6 refs., 3 figs.

  13. Gastric tissue biopsy and culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of the belly Black stools Vomiting blood or coffee ground-like material A gastric tissue biopsy and culture can help detect: Cancer Infections, most commonly Helicobacter pylori , the bacteria that can cause stomach ulcers Normal Results A ...

  14. Testicular biopsy in prepubertal boys

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faure, Alice; Bouty, Aurore; O'Brien, Mike;

    2016-01-01

    No consensus exists regarding the precise role of testicular biopsy in prepubertal boys, although it is considered useful for assessing the potential consequences of undescended testes on fertility. Current scientific knowledge indicates that surgeons should broaden indications for this procedure...... preservation of fertility after gonadotoxic chemotherapy - even for prepubertal boys - are emerging. Cryopreservation of testicular tissue samples for the preservation of fertility - although still an experimental method at present - is appealing in this context. In our opinion, testicular biopsy in...

  15. Grades, Aspirations, and Postsecondary Education Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christofides, Louis N.; Hoy, Michael; Milla, Joniada; Stengos, Thanasis

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we exploit a rich longitudinal data set to explore the forces that, during high school, shape the development of aspirations to attend university and achieve academic success. We then investigate how these aspirations, along with grades and other variables, impact educational outcomes such as going to university and graduating. It…

  16. Endometrial aspiration cytology in gynecological disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meenal V Jadhav

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Endometrial aspiration is not a popular modality for the study of the endometrium despite its simplicity and potential utility. Aim: The present study was aimed at evaluating the utility of endometrial aspiration in various gynecological disorders. Materials and Methods: In this diagnostic accuracy study, 55 prospectively registered women with various gynecological disorders were evaluated clinically and subjected to endometrial aspiration cytology and study of endometrial histology. Endometrial aspiration was performed by infant feeding tube in 10 cases and intra cath cannula in 45 cases. The slides were stained with rapid Papanicolaou (PAP stain and Leishman stain. Results: Endometrial aspiration cytology showed 90% and 94.6% sampling adequacy with infant feeding tube and intra cath cannula, respectively. Intra cath cannula was very convenient to handle and superior to infant feeding tube in aspirating the endometrium. Of the two stains used, rapid PAP stain was less time-consuming and superior to Leishman stain in studying the nuclear details. Leishman stain was helpful in detecting cytoplasmic vacuoles of secretory endometrium. Overall diagnostic accuracy of endometrial cytology was 90.4% while that for morphological hormonal evaluation was 97.6%. It enjoyed a sensitivity of 91.66%, a specificity of 88.23%, positive predictive value of 94.28%, and negative predictive value of 83.33%. Conclusion: Intra cath cannula emerged as an inexpensive, effective, and convenient device for endometrial aspiration. Endometrial aspiration proved to be a fairly effective, simple, and informative diagnostic modality.

  17. Undergraduate Women's Gender Awareness and Status Aspirations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inoue, Yukiko

    A study was conducted to determine women's realization toward the quality of life, identifying their status aspirations. The study's primary purpose was to achieve a better understanding of how undergraduate women of Guam and Japan would aspire to their academic and social goals and how they would become aware of their gender equality. The…

  18. Three cases of systemic amyloidosis successfully diagnosed by subcutaneous fat tissue biopsy of the hip

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arahata M

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Masahisa Arahata,1 Shigeru Shimadoi,1 Satosi Yamatani,1 Shin-ichi Hayashi,2 Shigeharu Miwa,2 Hidesaku Asakura,3 Shinji Nakao4 1Department of Internal Medicine, Nanto Municipal Hospital, Nanto, 2Department of Diagnostic Pathology, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toyama, Toyama, 3Department of Internal Medicine (III, 4Department of Cellular Transplantation Biology, Division of Cancer Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan Abstract: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the abdominal fat pad is considered to be a minimally invasive procedure for diagnosing systemic amyloidosis. However, this procedure is sometimes difficult and can be dangerous for elderly patients whose abdominal fat layer is thin because of malnutrition. In such cases, alternative diagnostic methods are required. We report three elderly patients with heart failure complicated by malnutrition. In all cases, electrocardiogram showed low voltage in the limb leads and a pseudoinfarct pattern in the chest leads, and echocardiography showed left ventricular wall thickening with granular sparkling appearance. These patients were suspected of having amyloid cardiomyopathy but could not undergo myocardial biopsies because of their poor conditions. After failed attempts at biopsy of the abdominal fat pad or the other organs, subcutaneous fat tissue biopsy over the hip led to the diagnosis of systemic amyloidosis with cardiomyopathy. The resultant diagnosis guided us to choose the appropriate treatment for the patients. This article illustrates that subcutaneous fat tissue biopsy of the hip could be a useful procedure for diagnosing systemic amyloidosis in elderly patients, particularly when a fat tissue biopsy of the abdomen is associated with a high risk of complications because of malnutrition. Keywords: systemic amyloidosis, amyloid cardiomyopathy, fine-needle aspiration biopsy, subcutaneous fat tissue, hip

  19. An Aspirational Community Theory of the Firm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Xin

    of the firm. In addition, they are all partial due to their particular focus on the multifaceted phenomenon of the firm. We argue that it is necessary and sufficient to develop a comprehensive yet integrative theory of the firm that combines the three competing yet complementary logics. Toward this end, we...... propose an aspirational community theory of the firm (ACT) as a candidate theory by conceptualizing the firm as an aspirational community, the core of which is a group of like-minded people sharing similar or same aspiration/vision. To explain the existence of the firm, we make a distinction between...... contractual labor and aspirational labor, the former being defined as services provided by a laborer in fulfillment of a contract while the latter as services provided by a laborer in pursuit of an aspiration; and argue that firms exist because while the market may be effective and efficient for allocating...

  20. Endoscopic duodenal biopsy in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El Mouzan Mohammad

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Biopsy of the small bowel is frequently obtained by endoscopic forceps instead of the classical suction capsule, yet reports from developing countries are scarce. Aim of the study: to report our experience on the diagnostic value of this procedure in our community. Patients and methods: A retrospective analysis of all endoscopic duodenal biopsies (EDB, performed on all patients below 18 years of age. Data retrieved from the records included age, gender, nationality, indication for biopsy, the endoscopic findings, and the results of histopathology. Results: From 1993 to 2002, 241 endoscopic biopsies were performed on 241 consecutive children. Most of the children (96% were Saudi nationals, the age range between six weeks to 18 years, and male to female ratio was 0.7: 1. All of the biopsy material was adequate for routine histopathology. The commonest indications for biopsy were short stature and chronic diarrhea in 116/241 (48% and 102/241 (43% of the children respectively. Refractory rickets accounted for 11/241 (5% of the indications. The prevalence of villous atrophy was highest in children presenting with chronic diarrhea (40%, compared to short stature (22%. Other less common, but important findings were villous atrophy in three unusual conditions (one refractory rickets, one unexplained anemia, and one polyendocrinopathy, two cases of intestinal Giardia lamblia infestation, three cases of intestinal lymphangiectasis and one case of Mycobacterium avium intracellulare. Unexpected endoscopic findings were documented in 34/241 (14% of the children. Conclusions: Endoscopic duodenal biopsy is adequate not only for the diagnosis of villous atrophy, but also for the detection of other gastroenteropathies. Accordingly, when expertise and equipments are available, EDB should be the procedure of choice not only in industrialized but also in developing countries.

  1. Protocol biopsies for renal transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rush David

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Protocol biopsies in renal transplantation are those that are procured at predetermined times post renal transplantation, regardless of renal function. These biopsies have been useful to study the natural history of the transplanted kidney as they have detected unexpected - i.e. "subclinical" pathology. The most significant subclinical pathologies that have been detected with protocol biopsies have been acute lesions, such as cellular and antibody mediated rejection, and chronic lesions, such as interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy, and transplant glomerulopathy. The potential benefit of early recognition of the above lesions is that their early treatment may result in improved long-term outcomes. Conversely, the identification of normal histology on a protocol biopsy, may inform us about the safety of reduction in overall immunosuppression. Our centre, as well as others, is attempting to develop non-invasive methods of immune monitoring of renal transplant patients. However, we believe that until such methods have been developed and validated, the protocol biopsy will remain an indispensable tool for the complete care of renal transplant patients.

  2. Aspiration pneumonia in patients with cleft palate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To assess the incidence of aspiration pneumonia in infants with cleft palate and to compare the incidence between complete and incomplete types of cleft palate. A review of medical records revealed 100 infants who had undergone initial surgery to repair cleft palate in our hospital during a recent three-year period. Aspiration pneumonia was defined as the coexistence of pneumonia at chest radiography with a history of frequent choking during feeding. The anatomic distribution of aspiration pneumonia was analyzed, and the incidences of aspiration pneumonia in infants with complete and incomplete cleft palate were compared. Among 100 children, aspiration pneumonia was found in 35 (35%). Those with complete and incomplete cleft palate showed similar incidences of the condition (27 of 70 [39%] vs 8 of 30 [27%], p=0.36). Pneumonia was most commonly seen in the left lower lobe (11 of 35), followed by the right upper and lower lobes. Aspiration pneumonia is frequently associated with infants with cleft palate. There is no statistical difference in the incidence of aspiration pneumonia between the complete and the incomplete cleft palate group

  3. Value of fine-needle aspiration biopsy of salivary gland lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Rikke Kølby; Bjørndal, Kristine; Godballe, Christian;

    2010-01-01

    1997 to 2006, were reviewed with special reference to its value in the clinical treatment of patients. RESULTS: Cytologic as well as histologic diagnoses of 382 patients were available. In these diagnoses, the sensitivity of malignancy was 83% and specificity was 99%. The positive predictive value...

  4. Magnetic Acupressure in Reducing Pain in Cancer Patients Undergoing Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-09

    Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors; Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders; Leukemia; Lymphoma; Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm; Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasms; Pain; Precancerous Condition; Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific

  5. SATURATION BIOPSY OF THE PROSTATE (REVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Sadchenko

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Prostate biopsy is the principal method of diagnois of prostate cancer, allowing to start the adequate treatment. The tactics of the patients, which have negative initial biopsy, is a subject of discussion. Saturation biopsy is a “gold standard„ of diagnostics of PCA with repeat biopsy. Saturation biopsy of the prostate is not a primary procedure, usually apply in patients with negative biopsies in anamnesis, patients with multifocal PIN and ASAP. Saturation biopsy allows to more precisely predict the volume and degree of malignancy of PCA, that can be used for planning tactics of active surveillance and focal therapy.

  6. Interpretation of negative results in fine needle aspiration of discrete pulmonary lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winning, A J; McIvor, J; Seed, W A; Husain, O A; Metaxas, N

    1986-01-01

    A retrospective analysis was carried out on a consecutive series of 181 percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsies of discrete pulmonary lesions, in which the outcome was established in 95%. In primary bronchial carcinoma the technique had a sensitivity of 86%. There was no relationship between the size, location, or radiological appearance of the lesion and the incidence of false negative results. The principal reason for failure to diagnose malignancy was inadequacy of the material provided for cytological examination. For metastatic neoplasms of non-bronchial origin the procedure had a sensitivity of 42% and a significantly greater false negative rate than for primary bronchial malignancy. For the entire series 72 (40%) of the procedures failed to produce a definite diagnosis, 29 (40%) of these cases subsequently proving to be malignant. A positive diagnosis was established in only 16% of patients with benign conditions. Review of published reports and consideration of the role of this and other biopsy techniques in the investigation of discrete pulmonary lesions lead to the conclusion that needle aspiration biopsy seems particularly appropriate in the investigation of inoperable patients with probable bronchial carcinoma in whom sputum cytology and bronchoscopy do not yield a diagnosis. PMID:3824273

  7. Liver Biopsy in Liver Transplant Recipients

    OpenAIRE

    Van Ha, Thuong G.

    2004-01-01

    Liver biopsy has been used in the assessment of the nature and course of liver diseases and to monitor treatments. In nontransplanted patients, liver biopsies have been well described. Less has been written on the biopsies of transplanted livers. In the liver transplant population, liver biopsy remains the “gold standard” for the diagnosis of rejection. The transplanted liver has additional considerations that can make biopsy less routine and more challenging.

  8. Maxillary Sinus Augmentation Combining Bio-Oss with the Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate: A Histomorphometric Study in Humans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasquali, Paulo José; Teixeira, Marcelo Lucchesi; de Oliveira, Thiago Altro; de Macedo, Luis Guilherme Scavone; Aloise, Antonio Carlos; Pelegrine, André Antonio

    2015-01-01

    Purpose. To investigate the regenerative results obtained with the association of bone marrow aspirate concentrate using the Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate (BMAC) method to a xenogeneic bone graft (Bio-Oss) in sinus floor elevation. Materials and Methods. Using a randomized controlled study design in eight consecutive patients (age of 55.4 ± 9.2 years), 16 sinus floor lift procedures were performed with Bio-Oss alone (control group, CG, n = 8) or combined with bone marrow aspirate concentrate obtained via the BMAC method (test group, TG, n = 8). Six months after the grafting procedures, bone biopsies were harvested during implant placement and were analyzed by histomorphometry. Results. Histomorphometric analysis revealed a significantly higher amount (p 0.05) of nonmineralized tissue (38.53 ± 13.08% and 49.90 ± 7.64%, resp.). Conclusion. The use of bone marrow concentrate obtained by BMAC method increased bone formation in sinus lift procedures. PMID:26543482

  9. Image-Guided Fine Needle Cytology with Aspiration Versus Non-Aspiration in Retroperitoneal Masses: Is Aspiration Necessary?

    OpenAIRE

    Misra, Rajiv Kumar; Mitra, Shaila; Jain, Rishav Kumar; Vahikar, Shilpa; Bundela, Archana; Misra, Purak

    2015-01-01

    Background: Although using fine needle cytology with aspiration (FNC-A) for establishing diagnoses in the retroperitoneal region has shown promise, there is scant literature supporting a role of non-aspiration cytology (FNC-NA) for this region. We assessed the accuracy and reliability of FNC-A and FNC-NA as tools for preoperative diagnosis of retroperitoneal masses and compared the results of both techniques with each other and with histopathology. Methods: Fifty-seven patients with retroperi...

  10. CT-guided biopsies and drainage; CT-gesteuerte Punktionen und Drainagen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scheppers, I.; Wollschlaeger, D. [Staedtisches Klinikum Karlsruhe gGmbH, Zentralinstitut fuer Bildgebende Diagnostik, Karlsruhe (Germany)

    2011-11-15

    Following the implementation of computed tomography (CT) or ultrasound-guided biopsy of solid tumors and the puncture and drainage of liquid processes, the number of surgical open biopsies and curative operations for abscess drainage has declined. Such CT-guided interventions are performed in nearly every organ. Instead of aspiration biopsies, more and more core biopsies are being performed to allow histopathological evaluation and thus allowing targeted therapy. This article is intended to give a general overview of techniques, materials, indications and contraindications. Ultrasound-guided biopsies as well as large bore vacuum biopsies of the breast are not included in this review. (orig.) [German] Infolge der Durchfuehrung von bildgesteuerten Biopsien solider Raumforderungen und Punktionen mit Drainageeinlage bei liquiden Prozessen ist die Zahl chirurgischer Exzisionsbiopsien und Abszesssanierungen zurueckgegangen. Diese Eingriffe werden in nahezu allen Organgebieten durchgefuehrt. Neben den Aspirationsbiopsien werden haeufig Schneid- oder Stanzbiopsien durchgefuehrt. Nach histologischer und immunhistologischer Untersuchung der hierbei gewonnenen Proben in der Pathologie kann fruehzeitig die nachfolgende Therapie geplant werden. Der vorliegende Beitrag soll einen allgemeinen Ueberblick ueber Methoden, Materialien, Indikationen und Kontraindikationen geben. Die ultraschallgesteuerten Biopsien sowie die Vakuumsaugbiopsien im Rahmen des Mammographiescreenings werden bewusst nicht besprochen. (orig.)

  11. Three cases of systemic amyloidosis successfully diagnosed by subcutaneous fat tissue biopsy of the hip

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arahata, Masahisa; Shimadoi, Shigeru; Yamatani, Satosi; Hayashi, Shin-ichi; Miwa, Shigeharu; Asakura, Hidesaku; Nakao, Shinji

    2016-01-01

    Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the abdominal fat pad is considered to be a minimally invasive procedure for diagnosing systemic amyloidosis. However, this procedure is sometimes difficult and can be dangerous for elderly patients whose abdominal fat layer is thin because of malnutrition. In such cases, alternative diagnostic methods are required. We report three elderly patients with heart failure complicated by malnutrition. In all cases, electrocardiogram showed low voltage in the limb leads and a pseudoinfarct pattern in the chest leads, and echocardiography showed left ventricular wall thickening with granular sparkling appearance. These patients were suspected of having amyloid cardiomyopathy but could not undergo myocardial biopsies because of their poor conditions. After failed attempts at biopsy of the abdominal fat pad or the other organs, subcutaneous fat tissue biopsy over the hip led to the diagnosis of systemic amyloidosis with cardiomyopathy. The resultant diagnosis guided us to choose the appropriate treatment for the patients. This article illustrates that subcutaneous fat tissue biopsy of the hip could be a useful procedure for diagnosing systemic amyloidosis in elderly patients, particularly when a fat tissue biopsy of the abdomen is associated with a high risk of complications because of malnutrition. PMID:27540285

  12. Kikuchis lymphadenitis: Is biopsy necessary in managing these patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hemalatha Anantharamaiah

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Kikuchis-Fujimoto's is a benign, self-limiting, cervical lymphadenitis, fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC plays a very important role in the diagnosis and management of these patients. We present a case of 30-year-old female presenting with supraclavicular lymphadenopathy and fever, diagnosed as Kikuchis-Fujimoto's lymphadenitis on FNAC with no recurrence or development of Lupus lymphadenitis even after 1-year of follow-up. Although Kikuchis-Fujimoto's is a rare cause of lymphadenopathy, FNAC is an important tool in diagnosing this entity and differentiating from tubercular lymphadenitis and Lupus adenitis. Presence of cresentric nucleated histiocytes engulfed karryorrhectic debris and monocytoid cells aids in the diagnosing. A definitive diagnosis made on FNAC can avoid biopsy and unnecessary diagnostic and therapeutic interventions in these patients. However, a look out for recurrence and development of Lupus with regular followup and serological examination is imperative.

  13. Diagnosis of Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis on Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology: A Case Report and Review of the Cytology Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neeta Kumar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A case of multifocal Langerhans cell histiocytosis in a two-year-old child is presented where fine needle aspiration was helpful in achieving a rapid and accurate diagnosis in an appropriate clinical and radiological setting. This can avoid unnecessary biopsy and guide the management especially where access to histopathology is limited. The highly characteristic common and rare cytological features are highlighted with focus on differential diagnoses and causes of pitfalls.

  14. Diagnosis of foregut and tailgut cysts by endosonographically guided fine-needle aspiration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Diane A; Pu, Robert T; Pang, Yijun

    2007-01-01

    Foregut, hindgut, and tailgut cysts are uncommon developmental anomalies. Clinical and radiological diagnosis can present many challenges, especially in adult patients or when the lesions are in unique locations. Thus, diagnosis has traditionally been provided upon surgical resection. We describe the diagnoses of a gastric foregut cyst and a retrorectal tailgut cyst by endosonographically guided fine-needle aspiration in two adults. The common cytologic features of the specimens are ciliated epithelial cells, proteinaceous material with degenerated debris, histiocytes, and benign appearing epithelium of squamous and/or gastrointestinal type that lack cytologic atypia. The identification of ciliated columnar cells is the key finding. Cytologic diagnosis via endosonographically guided fine-needle aspiration of foregut/hindgut cyst is accurate and less traumatic than surgical biopsies. PMID:17173292

  15. Aplastic anaemia with microfilaria in marrow aspirate

    OpenAIRE

    Narender Tejwnai; Seema Tyagi; Jasmita Dass

    2012-01-01

    Wuchereria bancrofti is endemic in many parts of of south east asia including india. The parasite is reported previously in many aspirate cytology smears, however its rare to find this parasite in bone marrow aspirate smear and even rare is it association with aplastic anemia. We report here a case presenting with symptoms related to bone marrow failure and incidentally detected to have microfilaria of Wuchereria bancrofti. The case is reported because of this rare association.<...

  16. Aplastic anaemia with microfilaria in marrow aspirate

    OpenAIRE

    Narender Tejwnai; Seema Tyagi; Jasmita Dass

    2012-01-01

    Wuchereria bancrofti is endemic in many parts of of south east asia including india. The parasite is reported previously in many aspirate cytology smears, however its rare to find this parasite in bone marrow aspirate smear and even rare is it association with aplastic anemia. We report here a case presenting with symptoms related to bone marrow failure and incidentally detected to have microfilaria of Wuchereria bancrofti. The case is reported because of this rare association.

  17. Entrepreneurial aspirations, motivations, and their drivers

    OpenAIRE

    Hessels, Jolanda; Van Gelderen, Marco; Thurik, Roy

    2008-01-01

    textabstractSeveral drivers of entrepreneurial aspirations and entrepreneurial motivations are investigated using country-level data from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) for the years 2005 and 2006. We estimate a two-equation model explaining aspirations using motivations and socioeconomic variables, and explaining motivations using socioeconomic variables. We find that countries with a higher incidence of increase-wealth-motivated entrepreneurs tend to have a higher prevalence of h...

  18. [Percutaneous biopsy of the liver].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skladaný, L; Jarcuska, P; Oltman, M; Hrusovský, S

    2003-08-01

    Percutaneous liver biopsy represents the most specific examination of the nature and severity of liver diseases. P. Ehrlich was the first physician in history having done the intervention in 1880. The new history begins with the Menghini's publication on s.c. one-second biopsy in 1957. The present paper deals exclusively with diffuse diseases of the liver including the most frequent ones--virus hepatitis, alcohol and non-alcohol steatohepatitis. The contraindications include mainly coagulation disorders and non-cooperative patients. The percutaneous biopsy is mostly executed after ultrasonographic examination or under the control of various image-forming techniques and by means of various types of needles; the authors analyze advantages and disadvantages of individual techniques. If the contraindications are respected, the percutaneous biopsy is a safe method of examination, which may be done on out-patient basis. A large series of complications exists, but their frequency is generally low. Morbidity is referred in 0.2% of patients, the most frequent complications being pain and hypotension from vaso-vagal reactions, extensive intraperitoneal bleeding and hemobilia. Mortality is extremely low, the mean in large studies being 0.001%. PMID:14518095

  19. Vacuum Enhanced Cutaneous Biopsy Instrument

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Collins, Joseph

    1999-06-25

    A syringe-like disposable cutaneous biopsy instrument equipped with a tubular blade at its lower end, and designed so that a vacuum is created during use, said vacuum serving to retain undeformed a plug of tissue cut from a patient's skin.

  20. Spectrum of pediatric skin biopsies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grace D′costa

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Skin diseases are common in childhood and they are common reasons for pediatric visits to the hospital. In spite of this high occurrence, there are very few prospective studies addressing this issue. Aims: The present study was directed at determining the spectrum of dermato-pathological lesions encountered in a large general tertiary care hospital, over a two-year period. Materials and Methods: 107 cases formed the total sample studied, in a part prospective and part retrospective study. A detailed clinical history was recorded on a proforma prepared for the purpose and gross photographs were taken wherever possible. Results: Skin biopsies accounted for 7.29% of the total surgical pathology load, 55.44% of the total pediatric biopsies and 10.82% of the total number of skin biopsies. The age and sex distribution pattern revealed that the maximum number of biopsies (62.61% were of older children, with a male preponderance (57.94%. The anatomic distribution pattern indicated predominant involvement of the limbs (59.82%. The maximum numbers of cases were of infectious nature (24.29%; the most frequently encountered being borderline tuberculoid Hansen′s disease (8.4%. A positive correlation with the clinical diagnosis was obtained in 56.07% cases. Conclusions: Histopathology contributed to the diagnosis in a significant number of (82.23% cases, indicating its importance and utility.

  1. Thrombus aspiration in acute myocardial infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmoud, Karim D; Zijlstra, Felix

    2016-07-01

    The success of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is often hampered by incomplete microvascular myocardial reperfusion owing to distal embolization of thrombus resulting in microvascular obstruction. To address this problem, thrombus aspiration devices have been developed that can be used to evacuate coronary thrombus either manually or mechanically. Thrombus aspiration has the potential to reduce the local thrombus load, minimize the need for balloon predilatation, facilitate direct stenting, prevent distal embolization, and ultimately improve myocardial reperfusion. Furthermore, thrombus aspiration has enabled us to study coronary thrombus in vivo, and has facilitated recognition of distinct mechanisms of coronary thrombosis. Clinical trials focusing on manual thrombus aspiration in primary PCI have generally shown improved myocardial reperfusion. However, in two large trials powered for clinical end points, no reduction in 1-year mortality or other adverse clinical events was observed with the use of this strategy. Moreover, one of these trials showed a marginally increased risk of stroke. Consequently, current guidelines do not recommend routine use of thrombus aspiration. Future studies should focus on the identification of subgroups of patients with STEMI who might derive benefit from manual thrombus aspiration, and establish the effect of operator performance on the efficacy and safety of the procedure. PMID:26961064

  2. The Role of Biopsy in Pediatric Dermatopathology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma Şule Afşa

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Design: Pediatric dermatology is characterized by skin disorders which have frequencies different from those in adults. Skin biopsies are necessary for differential diagnosis and clinicopathologic correlation is very important. The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the pediatric dermatology cases in whom biopsy was performed for differential diagnosis and to investigate the contribution of biopsy to diagnosis of skin disorders. Material and Methods: The cases from whom biopsy was taken in the pediatric dermatology clinic during a three-year period were evaluated retrospectively for pre-diagnoses, biopsy diagnoses, and success of biopsies.Results: Two hundred thirteen (1.7% skin biopsies had been taken from a total of 12420 patients. Henoch-Schönlein purpura, psoriasis, pityriasis lichenoides, pityriasis rosea, lichen planus, pityriasis rubra pilaris, erythema multiforme, atopic dermatitis, granuloma annulare, and pigmented purpuric dermatosis were the most frequent skin disorders diagnosed dermatopathologically. In a total of 120 (56.3% cases, the biopsy diagnosis was within the pre-diagnosis and a biopsy consistency was present. In 25 (11.7% cases, biopsy had no contribution to the differential diagnosis. An absolutely different diagnosis which was incompatible with the pre-diagnosis had been reported in 10 (4.6% cases. Conclusion: In pediatric dermatology, skin biopsy is very helpful for the differential diagnosis. An easy biopsy procedure for the patient, an effective designation of biopsy indication, a good dermatopathologic correlation and an experienced team of pediatric dermatopathology increase the success of skin biopsies.

  3. Retroperitoneoscopic renal biopsy in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos M. Jesus

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: We present our experience in a series of 17 consecutive pediatric patients submitted to retroperitoneal laparoscopic renal biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retroperitoneal laparoscopic renal biopsy (LRB was performed in 5 boys and 12 girls. Mean age was 8.1 years and age range from 2 to 12. Two or three trocars were used to expose the inferior pole of the kidney, remove enough cortical parenchymal specimen and fulgurate the biopsy site. Assessment included surgical time, estimated blood loss, hospitalization period, analgesia requirements, complications and number of glomeruli present in the specimen. RESULTS: LRB was successfully performed in all 15 patients (88%. In two cases, LRB was not possible to be performed. One patient was converted to a transperitoneal laparoscopy due to tear in the peritoneum. The other patient had had previous abdominal surgery and, during retroperitoneal balloon dilation, the peritoneum was opened and the open biopsy was performed. A third patient had postoperatively a perirenal hematoma, which was solved spontaneously. Complication rate was 17.6% (3/17 cases. Mean operative time was 65 minutes, while mean estimated blood loss was 52 mL, mean hospital stay was 2.2 days and mean analgesic requirement was 100 mg of tramadol. The mean number of glomeruli present in the specimen was 60. CONCLUSION: Retroperitoneal laparoscopic renal biopsy in children is a simple, safe. Bleeding is still the most common complication. However, direct vision usually allows a safe control of this drawback. In our institution, laparoscopic approach is the chosen procedure in pediatric patients older than one - year - old.

  4. Scalp Melanoma Diagnosed by Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in a Tertiary Health Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. B. Zarami

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Melanoma is one of the most aggressive malignant skin neoplasms worldwide with more than 20% of world melanoma seen in black Africa and Asia. Late presentation due to ignorance, poverty, and lack of adequate health facility in Nigeria is always the norms. We present this case report because of precision in diagnosis, using fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC to reemphasize that the technique is cheap, cost effective, and quick that can reduce the burden of incisional biopsy before definitive surgery and improve early detection of the disease especially in developing countries.

  5. Diagnostic approach using endosonography guided fine needle aspiration for lymphadenopathy in primary sclerosing cholangitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shintaro Tsukinaga; Hisao Tajiri; Hiroo Imazu; Yujiro Uchiyama; Hiroshi Kakutani; Akira Kuramoti; Masayuki Kato; Keisuke Kanazawa; Tsuyoshi Kobayashi; Yasuyuki Searashi

    2007-01-01

    We report a case of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) with benign lyphadenopathy which was diagnosed with endosonography guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA).A 65-year-old woman was admitted to Jikei University Hospital with severe jaundice. Although endoscopic retrograde cholangiography and liver biopsy revealed the findings consistent with PSC, abdominal computed tomography revealed numerous large perihepatic lymph nodes with a maximum diameter of more than 3 cm.Therefore, EUS-FNA was done in order to exclude malignant lymphadenopathy, and adequate specimens obtained by EUS-FNA showed reactive hyperplasia of lymphnode. The patients were scheduled to undergo liver transplantation.

  6. Freehand biopsy guided by electromagnetic needle tracking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ewertsen, C; Nielsen, Marie Kristina Rue; Nielsen, M Bachmann

    2011-01-01

    To evaluate the overall accuracy and time spent on biopsy guided by electromagnetic needle tracking in a phantom compared with the standard technique of US-guided biopsy with an attached steering device. Furthermore, to evaluate off-plane biopsy guided by needle tracking.......To evaluate the overall accuracy and time spent on biopsy guided by electromagnetic needle tracking in a phantom compared with the standard technique of US-guided biopsy with an attached steering device. Furthermore, to evaluate off-plane biopsy guided by needle tracking....

  7. Promise and pitfalls of molecular markers of thyroid nodules

    OpenAIRE

    Jadhav, S.; Anurag Lila; Tushar Bandgar; Nalini Shah

    2012-01-01

    Thyroid nodules are common in the general population with a prevalence of 5-7% The initial evaluation of thyroid nodules commonly involves thyroid function tests, an ultrasound (USG) and fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). The optimal management of patients with thyroid nodules with indeterminate cytology is plagued by the lack of highly sensitive and specific diagnostic modalities In this article we attempt to review the available literature on the molecular markers which are increasingly ...

  8. Closed pleural biopsy is still useful in the evaluation of malignant pleural effusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somnath Bhattacharya

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pleural fluid cytology for malignant cells is the easiest way to diagnose malignant pleural effusion with good sensitivity and specificity. With the introduction of medical thoracoscopy, the use of closed pleural biopsy for the diagnosis of cytology negative malignant pleural effusion is gradually decreasing. However use of thoracoscopy is limited due to its high cost and procedure related complications. Aims: The aim was to assess the usefulness of closed pleural biopsy in the diagnosis of malignant pleural effusion. Materials and Methods: Sixty-six patients of pleural effusion associated with malignancy were selected from the patients admitted in the chest ward of a tertiary care hospital over a period of 1 year. Pleural fluid aspiration for cytology and closed pleural biopsy were done in all the patients. Results: Out of 66 patients, 46 (69% patients showed malignant cells in pleural fluid cytology examination. Cytology was positive in 35 (52%, 10 (15%, and 1 (1.5% patients in the first, second, and third samples respectively. Closed pleural biopsy was positive in 32 (48% patients. Among them, 22 also had positive cytology. Additional 10 cytology negative patients were diagnosed by pleural biopsy. Cytology-histology concordance was seen in 12 patients. Definite histological diagnosis could be achieved in five patients with indeterminate cytology. Pleural biopsy was not associated with any major postoperative complication. Conclusion: Closed pleural biopsy can improve the diagnostic ability in cytology negative malignant pleural effusion. Closed pleural biopsy has still a place in evaluation of malignant pleural effusion especially in a resource-limited country like India.

  9. Transrectal EUS-guided FNA biopsy of a presacral chordoma-report of a case and review of the literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Klaus Gottlieb; Paul H Lin; David M Liu; Karl Anders

    2008-01-01

    Chordomas are rare tumors which originate from the remnants of the notochord.These tumors are locally aggressive and have a predilection for the ends of the axial skeleton.An important prerequisite for optimal management of these tumors is a correct preoperative diagnosis.The present case is the first report of the use of endoscopic ultrasound to obtain transrectal fine needle aspiration biopsy of a presacral chordoma.A review of the prior computer tomography (CT) scans allowed us to calculate the tumor volume doubling time (18.3 mo).Transrectal biopsy of chordomas is controversial,however we believe that such concerns are not justified.

  10. Fine needle aspiration cytology of cervical lymph node involvement by ovarian serous borderline tumor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Longwen; Butler, Kristina A; Bell, Debra A

    2016-01-01

    Serous borderline tumor (SBT) involving a cervical lymph node is extremely rare. In addition, fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology of the involved cervical lymph node shares tremendous morphologic similarity with other low-grade papillary carcinomas. Thus, it can be easily misdiagnosed as metastatic carcinoma. A 42-year-old female had a history of bilateral SBT and postbilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. She presented with left cervical lymphadenopathy 6 months later. FNA cytology showed a low-grade papillary neoplasm with psammoma bodies. Needle core biopsy along with immunostains was diagnostic of cervical lymph node involvement (LNI) of SBT. although extremely rare, cervical LNI can be found in patients with SBTs. FNA cytology, sometimes, is indistinguishable from metastatic papillary adenocarcinoma. Cell block or needle core biopsy is essential to make the correct diagnosis. PMID:27563339

  11. Diagnostic pitfalls in fine needle aspiration of solitary pulmonary nodules: two cases with radio-cyto-histological correlation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burbridge Brent

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fine needle aspiration is an important tool for diagnosis and preoperative evaluation of solitary nodules of the lung. It provides a definitive diagnosis in most patients at low cost with minimal trauma. However, because of the nature of the study and the presentation of the cells in a more distorted and incomplete tissue structure than a histological slide, false positive results can occur. Prior detailed clinical knowledge about the patient, procedures and methods of radiology in obtaining the aspirate specimen is extremely useful in the accurate interpretation of fine needle cytological specimens. Case presentation We report two cases of solitary pulmonary nodules in two elderly females, which were initially diagnosed as malignant by fine needle aspiration biopsy. Both cases subsequently underwent pulmonary lobectomy in which, one turned out to be a pulmonary hamartoma and the other appeared to be a middle lobe syndrome of the right lung with liver tissue contamination at the time of fine needle aspiration of the lung. Conclusions We are now strong believers that much care must be taken in the interpretation of fine needle aspiration of solitary nodules of the lung. Complete study of the entire specimen, including the cell block, is warranted, since what one interprets as malignant, could have different features in another part of the sample. Last but not the least, prior knowledge of the complete clinical history of the patient together with the salient radiological findings would greatly facilitate the cytopathologist to reach an accurate diagnosis.

  12. Management implications from routine needle biopsy of hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walfish, P G; Strawbridge, H T; Rosen, I B

    1985-12-01

    To evaluate the diagnostic and treatment consequences of using a routine needle biopsy procedure on all thyroid nodules without a radioisotopic scintigraphic study, 12 patients with documented hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules were retrospectively evaluated regarding the physical and cytologic observations obtained after a fine-needle (22 to 27-gauge) aspiration biopsy (FNB) procedure. Among the seven solid lesions, features of marked cellularity and nuclear pleomorphism were present in three and moderate sheets of epithelium in four raising the suspicion of underlying malignancy, while five mixed (cystic and solid) lesions were larger than 3 cm, hemorrhagic, and recurrent, with two having detectable sheets of epithelium. Evidence for concomitant lymphocytic thyroiditis was seen in five of 12 (42%) patients, and nine had positive serum antithyroid antibody titers as well. In conclusion, total reliance on FNB without scintigraphy could lead to operations on hyperfunctioning thyroid adenomas for suspected malignancy, of whom the vast majority would be benign, and could expose some unprepared patients with thyrotoxicosis to surgical morbidity. Routine thyroid hormone suppression therapy for apparently benign inflammatory or cystic degenerative lesions could also induce hyperthyroidism in patients with hyperfunctional or autonomous (nonsuppressible) nodules. When using an initial FNB approach, the need for thyroid function studies and scintigraphy before undertaking surgery or thyroid hormone feeding, as well as the consequences of omitting such studies, should be considered. PMID:4071393

  13. Testing Biopsy and Cytology Specimens for Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... articles window. My Saved Articles » My ACS » Testing Biopsy and Cytology Specimens for Cancer Download Printable Version [ ... on the topics below to get started. Testing Biopsy and Cytology Specimens for Cancer How is cancer ...

  14. Biopsy of soft-tissue tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shives, T C

    1993-04-01

    Biopsy is an integral part of the overall management of patients with soft-tissue sarcoma. The types of biopsy are fine needle, trocar, open incision or en bloc excision. There are advantages and disadvantages of each. Open biopsy requires strict adherence to a number of surgical principles. Proper execution requires determination of appropriate biopsy site, meticulous technique, and close collaboration with an experienced pathologist. Failure to adhere to these principles may result in untoward consequences for patients. PMID:8472430

  15. External validation of extended prostate biopsy nomogram

    OpenAIRE

    Hrbáček, Jan; Minárik, Ivo; Sieger, Tomáš; Babjuk, Marek

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Historical nomograms for the prediction of cancer on prostate biopsy, developed in the sextant biopsy era are no more accurate today. The aim of this study was an independent external validation of a 10-core biopsy nomogram by Chun et al. (2007). Material and methods A total of 322 patients who presented for their initial biopsy in a tertiary care center and had all the necessary data available were included in the retrospective analysis. To validate the nomogram, receiver operat...

  16. Basics of kidney biopsy: A nephrologist's perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Agarwal, S. K.; Sethi, S; A K Dinda

    2013-01-01

    The introduction of the kidney biopsy is one of the major events in the history of nephrology. Primary indications of kidney biopsy are glomerular hematuria/proteinuria with or without renal dysfunction and unexplained renal failure. Kidney biopsy is usually performed in prone position but in certain situations, supine and lateral positions may be required. Biopsy needles have changed with times from Vim–Silverman needle to Tru-cut needle to spring-loaded automatic gun. The procedure has also...

  17. Aspirated tracheobronchial foreign bodies: a Jordanian experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahafza, Tareq; Khader, Yousef

    2007-02-01

    We conducted a descriptive study of 524 patients who had been suspected of having aspirated a foreign body and who had been evaluated at one of two major hospitals in Jordan from January 1993 through December 2003. A tracheobronchial foreign body was found in 386 of these patients (73.7%). Most of them (66.8%) were younger than 2 years, and the male-to-female ratio was 3 to 2. The mean duration between aspiration and diagnosis was 48 hours. The most common presenting symptoms were cough (90.4% of foreign-body-positive patients), diminished air entry (66.8%), and dyspnea (65.0%). The most frequently aspirated objects were seeds (35.4%), particularly watermelon seeds, nuts (26.8%), and vegetables (25.3%). The most common site of foreign-body impaction was the right bronchus (60.9%). Rigid bronchoscopy was used to remove the foreign body in all cases. The complication rate was 3.4%. Our experience with aspirated tracheobronchial foreign bodies in Jordan was not substantially different from that reported in other countries. The only difference was that the most frequently aspirated foreign body in our study was seeds. PMID:17385621

  18. Extrapleural paravertebral CT guided fine needle biopsy of subcarinal lymph nodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tantawy, Wahid H., E-mail: tantawyw@yahoo.com [Radiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt Abbassyia square, Cairo (Egypt); El-Gemeie, Emad H. [Pathology Department, National Cancer Institute, Fom El Khalige Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University (Egypt); Ibrahim, Ahmed S., E-mail: asibrahima@gmail.com [Radiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt Abbassyia square, Cairo (Egypt); Mohamed, Mona A. [Radiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt Abbassyia square, Cairo (Egypt)

    2012-10-15

    Purpose: To report our experience in CT guided extrapleural paravertebral subcarinal lymph biopsy using a thin 25 gauge (25 G) thin needle without the need of injection of saline to widen the mediastinum. Materials and methods: Biopsy was performed using a 25 G needle which was advanced lateral to the vertebral body between the endothoracic fascia and the parietal pleura to gain access to subcarinal lymph nodes. One hundred and forty one patients were included in the study (74 females, 57 males). No artificial widening of the mediastinum using saline injection was required. The study was performed in the presence of a cytopathologist; sensitivity and specificity rates were calculated. Complications were documented for each case especially for pneumothorax and haemorrhage. Results: Cytopathological diagnosis was reached in all cases. All re-aspirations were done in the same session to reach a primary diagnosis at the time of the biopsy. Imunophenotyping study was done in 94 cases to confirm the primary diagnosis and to classify the malignant lesions. No pneumothorax was encountered. Small haematomas were noted in 5 cases (3.5%). Cytopathology showed a sensitivity of 97.2% and specificity of 100%. By adding immunophenotyping a 100% sensitivity and specificity was achieved. Conclusion: Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) using a 25 gauge needle for subcarinal lymph nodes via a percutaneous extrapleural paravertebral CT guided approach is a safe, minimally invasive, and tolerable procedure yielding a high sensitivity and specificity rates without the need of artificial widening.

  19. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided biopsy to diagnose large posterior mediastinal parathyroid adenoma prior to video-assisted thoracoscopic resection

    OpenAIRE

    Buderi, Silviu Ioan; Saleh, Hesham Zayed; Theologou, Thomas; Shackcloth, Michael

    2014-01-01

    A 65-year-old woman was referred with hypercalcaemia and found to have a four cm retrotracheal mass on CT. The patient also suffered from neurofibromatosis and a recently diagnosed gastric mass. Tc99 sestamibi scintigraphy revealed an area of intense uptake in the right upper mediastinum. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) was used to confirm the diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma and thoracoscopic resection was subsequently performed. EBUS-TBNA biopsy ...

  20. Breast magnetic resonance imaging guided biopsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yun, Bo La; Kim, Sun Mi; Jang, Mi Jung [Dept. of Radiology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Nariya; Moon, Woo Kyung [Dept. of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hak Hee [Dept. of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-06-15

    Despite the high sensitivity of breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), pathologic confirmation by biopsy is essential because of limited specificity. MRI-guided biopsy is required in patients with lesions only seen on MRI. We review preprocedural considerations and the technique of MRI-guided biopsy, challenging situations and trouble-shooting, and correlation of radiologic and pathologic findings.

  1. 20 CFR 718.106 - Autopsy; biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Autopsy; biopsy. 718.106 Section 718.106... PNEUMOCONIOSIS Criteria for the Development of Medical Evidence § 718.106 Autopsy; biopsy. (a) A report of an autopsy or biopsy submitted in connection with a claim shall include a detailed gross macroscopic...

  2. Freehand biopsy guided by electromagnetic needle tracking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ewertsen, C; Nielsen, Marie Kristina Rue; Nielsen, M Bachmann

    2011-01-01

    To evaluate the overall accuracy and time spent on biopsy guided by electromagnetic needle tracking in a phantom compared with the standard technique of US-guided biopsy with an attached steering device. Furthermore, to evaluate off-plane biopsy guided by needle tracking....

  3. Update in salivary gland cytopathology: Recent molecular advances and diagnostic applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pusztaszeri, Marc P; Faquin, William C

    2015-07-01

    Salivary gland tumors (SGT) are notorious for their extraordinary diversity and for the morphological overlap that exists between many of these entities. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) has a well-established role in the evaluation of patients with a salivary gland lesion, helping to guide clinical management. However, salivary gland FNAB has several limitations and does not allow for a specific diagnosis in some cases. For these reasons, salivary gland FNAB is considered one of the most challenging areas in cytopathology. Over the last decade, new salivary gland entities have been recognized, enlarging SGT diversity and complexity even more. In addition, a subset of SGT, including common entities such as pleomorphic adenoma and uncommon new entities such as mammary analog secretory carcinoma, have been characterized cytogenetically by the presence of specific translocations. The molecular consequences of these translocations and their potential prognostic and therapeutic values are not yet well characterized. However, these translocations and their resulting fusion oncogenes and oncoproteins can be used as diagnostic clues in salivary gland FNAB material in order to overcome the limitations of cytomorphological evaluation alone. In this review, we focus on SGTs currently known to harbor translocations and fusion genes, including uncommon and recently recognized entities, and discuss their potential application to salivary gland FNAB. PMID:25613003

  4. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration for thediagnosis of kidney lesions: A review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Roberto Iglesias Lopes; Renata Nobre Moura; Everson Artifon

    2015-01-01

    Traditionally, treatment of renal lesions is indicatedbased only on imaging features. Although controversyexists about tissue sampling from small renalmasses, renal biopsy is indicated in some cases. Inthis review, we discuss the rationale for endoscopicultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) andsummarize the recent advances in this field, providingrecommendations for the practicing clinician. The useof EUS-FNA appears to be a safe and feasible meansof confirming or excluding malignancy. EUS allowsassessment and biopsy of masses or lesions withinboth kidneys and related complications are rare. Themain advantages of EUS-FNA are that it can be doneas an outpatient procedure, with good results, minimalmorbidity and a short hospital stay. Nevertheless,EUS-FNA of renal masses should be indicated only inselected cases, in which there is potential to decreaseunnecessary treatment of small renal masses and tobest select tumors for active surveillance and minimallyinvasive ablative therapies. Additionally, some renallesions may be ineligible for EUS-guided biopsy becauseof anatomical limitations. EUS-FNA renal biopsy willprobably be best applied to central anterior renalmasses, while tumors on the posterior aspect of thekidney, percutaneous access will probably be superior.

  5. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration for the diagnosis of kidney lesions: A review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Roberto Iglesias; Moura, Renata Nobre; Artifon, Everson

    2015-03-16

    Traditionally, treatment of renal lesions is indicated based only on imaging features. Although controversy exists about tissue sampling from small renal masses, renal biopsy is indicated in some cases. In this review, we discuss the rationale for endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) and summarize the recent advances in this field, providing recommendations for the practicing clinician. The use of EUS-FNA appears to be a safe and feasible means of confirming or excluding malignancy. EUS allows assessment and biopsy of masses or lesions within both kidneys and related complications are rare. The main advantages of EUS-FNA are that it can be done as an outpatient procedure, with good results, minimal morbidity and a short hospital stay. Nevertheless, EUS-FNA of renal masses should be indicated only in selected cases, in which there is potential to decrease unnecessary treatment of small renal masses and to best select tumors for active surveillance and minimally invasive ablative therapies. Additionally, some renal lesions may be ineligible for EUS-guided biopsy because of anatomical limitations. EUS-FNA renal biopsy will probably be best applied to central anterior renal masses, while tumors on the posterior aspect of the kidney, percutaneous access will probably be superior. PMID:25789096

  6. Parotid gland biopsy compared with labial biopsy in the diagnosis of patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pijpe, J.; Kalk, W. W. I.; van der Wal, J. E.; Vissink, A.; Kluin, Ph. M.; Roodenburg, J. L. N.; Bootsma, H.; Kallenberg, C. G. M.; Spijkervet, F. K. L.

    2007-01-01

    Objective. To assess the value of the parotid biopsy as a diagnostic tool for primary Sjogren's syndrome ( pSS), and to compare the parotid biopsy and the labial biopsy with regard to diagnostic value and biopsy-related morbidity. Methods. In 15 consecutive patients with pSS and 20 controls, the par

  7. Evaluation of ventilatory therapy for acid aspiration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flint, L; Gosdin, G; Carrico, C J

    1975-10-01

    Aspiration of hydrochloric acid in experimental animals results in severe, progressive hypoxia which is due to intrapulmonary shunting and depressed cardiac output. This preparation is useful therefore in studying the therapy of hypoxia. Mongrel dogs were subjected to acid aspiration and the effects of several ventilatory patterns on intrapulmonary shunt fractions and lung water accumulation observed. The combination of large tidal volumes (30 c.c. per kilogram) with positive end-expiratory pressure was effective in preventing intrapulmonary shunting and other ventilatory patterns were ineffective. Pulmonary edema uniformly followed acid aspiration and was not affected by ventilatory therapy. When ventilatory therapy was delayed for 4 hours, the progression of shunting apparently was limited, but the existing shunt was not reduced.

  8. [Patient's Risk Factors for Perioperative Aspiration Pneumonia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishikawa, Teruhiko; Isono, Shiroh

    2016-01-01

    This article reviews patient's own risk factors for perioperative aspiration pneumonia. Maintaining the function of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), the airway protective reflex, and the oral hygiene are the most important to prevent the pneumonia. The LES is adversely affected by excessive stomach distention, some medication given in perioperative periods, and habitual smoking, as well as pathological status such as esophageal hiatus hernia and achalasia. Postapoplectic patients may have insufficient airway protective reflex including swallowing and laryngeal reflex. It is emphasized that the perioperative oral care is increasing in its importance for the prevention of aspiration pneumonia. PMID:27004381

  9. MRI-guided abdominal biopsy in a 0.23-T open-configuration MRI system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kariniemi, J.; Blanco Sequeiros, R.; Ojala, R.; Tervonen, O. [University Hospital of Oulu Radiology, Oulu (Finland)

    2005-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that when ultrasound (US) guidance is not feasible, abdominal biopsies can be performed safely and accurately under magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) guidance in a low-field environment. MRI-guided abdominal biopsy was performed on 31 consecutive patients, in whom US-guided abdominal biopsy was not possible because the lesion was not visualized in US (n=27) or an US-guided procedure was not considered safe (n=4). The locations of the lesions were liver (n=14), pancreas (n=6), lymph node (n=4), retroperitoneal mass (n=3), adrenal gland (n=3) and spleen (n=1). The average size of the lesion was 2.2 cm (range 1-4 cm) in maximum diameter. All procedures were done by using a 0.23-T open-configuration C-arm-shaped MRI scanner with interventional optical tracking equipment and software. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy was performed on all 31 patients; 18 patients underwent both FNA biopsy and cutting needle core biopsy. Procedures were evaluated for diagnostic sensitivity, specificity and accuracy as well as procedure time and complications. The FNA biopsy specimens were adequate for interpretation in 27 (87%) of 31 cases. Two of these proved to be false-negative findings during follow-up or subsequent biopsy. The final diagnosis was malignant in 15 and benign in 16 patients. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of FNA biopsy were 71, 100 and 81%, respectively. Of the 18 core-needle biopsies, one was determined false-negative owing to nonrepresentativeness. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of histological samples were 90, 100 and 94%, respectively. The needle time was 19 min on average and the mean room time was 1 h 48 min. No immediate or late complications occurred. MRI-guided abdominal biopsy can be performed safely and accurately in a low-field environment in patients for whom an US-guided procedure is not feasible. (orig.)

  10. Toward improving fine needle aspiration cytology by applying Raman microspectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker-Putsche, Melanie; Bocklitz, Thomas; Clement, Joachim; Rösch, Petra; Popp, Jürgen

    2013-04-01

    Medical diagnosis of biopsies performed by fine needle aspiration has to be very reliable. Therefore, pathologists/cytologists need additional biochemical information on single cancer cells for an accurate diagnosis. Accordingly, we applied three different classification models for discriminating various features of six breast cancer cell lines by analyzing Raman microspectroscopic data. The statistical evaluations are implemented by linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and support vector machines (SVM). For the first model, a total of 61,580 Raman spectra from 110 single cells are discriminated at the cell-line level with an accuracy of 99.52% using an SVM. The LDA classification based on Raman data achieved an accuracy of 94.04% by discriminating cell lines by their origin (solid tumor versus pleural effusion). In the third model, Raman cell spectra are classified by their cancer subtypes. LDA results show an accuracy of 97.45% and specificities of 97.78%, 99.11%, and 98.97% for the subtypes basal-like, HER2+/ER-, and luminal, respectively. These subtypes are confirmed by gene expression patterns, which are important prognostic features in diagnosis. This work shows the applicability of Raman spectroscopy and statistical data handling in analyzing cancer-relevant biochemical information for advanced medical diagnosis on the single-cell level.

  11. Tissue Biopsies in Diabetes Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højlund, Kurt; Gaster, Michael; Beck-Nielsen, Henning

    2007-01-01

    Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance in major metabolic tissues such as skeletal muscle, liver and fat cells, and failure of the pancreatic ß-cells to compensate for this abnormality (1,2). Skeletal muscle is the major site of glucose disposal in response to insulin, and insulin...... resistance of glucose disposal and glycogen synthesis in this tissue are hallmark features of type 2 diabetes in humans (2,3). During the past two decades, we have carried out more than 1200 needle biopsies of skeletal muscle to study the cellular mechanisms underlying insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes...

  12. Can elastography replace fine needle aspiration?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Popescu, Alexandru; Săftoiu, Adrian

    2014-01-01

    Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is one of the best diagnostic methods for diseases of the digestive tract and surrounding organs. Whereas EUS-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) has been very useful for providing histological confirmation for previously hard to reach lesions, elastography is aiming...

  13. Aspiring Girls: Great Expectations or Impossible Dreams?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, Gill; Posnett, Carol

    2012-01-01

    This study explores girls' aspirations for their future. The context was an ex-coalmining area where concerns had been raised by the local authority about the levels of girls' achievement. The focus of the research was the views of Year 6 girls as they prepared for their transition to secondary school and Year 11 girls as they prepared for their…

  14. Income Aspirations and Cooperation : Experimental Evidence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dalton, P.S.

    2010-01-01

    This article is the first attempt to study the empirical link between income aspirations and cooperation in a one shot public good game. By combining experimental with survey data, we find evidence that the more frustrated people are with their income, the lower is their propensity to cooperate with

  15. A Conversation on Mobility, Aspiration and Voice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Critical Studies in Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    On 11 and 12 October 2010, the National Centre for Student Equity in Higher Education held its second annual "Student Equity in Higher Education National Conference" in Melbourne, Australia. The conference theme was "Aspiration, Mobility, Voice". During the conference the three keynote speakers--Gareth Parry (University of Sheffield, UK), Jane…

  16. Muscle biopsy in Pompe disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lineu Cesar Werneck

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Pompe disease (PD can be diagnosed by measuring alpha-glucosidase levels or by identifying mutations in the gene enzyme. Muscle biopsies can aid diagnosis in doubtful cases. Methods: A review of muscle biopsy from 19 cases of PD (infantile, 6 cases; childhood, 4 cases; and juvenile/adult, 9 cases. Results: Vacuoles with or without glycogen storage were found in 18 cases. All cases had increased acid phosphatase activity. The vacuole frequency varied (almost all fibers in the infantile form to only a few in the juvenile/adult form. Atrophy of type 1 and 2 fibers was frequent in all forms. Atrophic angular fibers in the NADH-tetrazolium reductase and nonspecific esterase activity were observed in 4/9 of the juvenile/adult cases. Conclusion: Increased acid phosphatase activity and vacuoles were the primary findings. Most vacuoles were filled with glycogen, and the adult form of the disease had fewer fibers with vacuoles than the infantile or childhood forms.

  17. Gender and Leadership Aspiration : The Impact of the Organizational Environment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. Erlemann

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractSummary The aim of this dissertation is to examine gender differences in leadership aspiration. Although some important work regarding gender-specific aspiration has been done already, conditions fostering leadership aspiration – particularly among women – are not completely under

  18. Risk of aspiration in care home residents and associated factors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maarel-Wierink, C.D. van der; Putten, G.J. van der; Visschere, L.M. De; Bronkhorst, E.M.; Baat, C. de; Schols, J.M.

    2015-01-01

    Pneumonia is a prevalent cause of death in care home residents. Dysphagia is a significant risk factor of aspiration pneumonia. The purpose of the current study was to screen for risk of aspiration in care home residents in the Netherlands and assess potential risk factors of aspiration. Five experi

  19. Fine needle aspiration cytology of lesions of liver and gallbladder: An analysis of 400 consecutive aspirations

    OpenAIRE

    Mustafa Barbhuiya; Shushruta Bhunia; Manisha Kakkar; Braj Shrivastava; Pramod K Tiwari; Sanjiv Gupta

    2014-01-01

    Background: Patients presenting with mass lesions of liver and gallbladder are a common occurrence in a cancer hospital in north central part of India. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) serves as first line of pathological investigations, but there are pros and cons involved. Aim: The main objective of the present study was to establish adequacy of the procedure and to find out diagnostic pitfalls. An attempt was made to analyze inconclusive and inadequate aspirations. Materials ...

  20. Testicular biopsy: clinical practice and interpretation

    OpenAIRE

    Dohle, Gert R; Elzanaty, Saad; van Casteren, Niels J

    2011-01-01

    Testicular biopsy was considered the cornerstone of male infertility diagnosis for many years in men with unexplained infertility and azoospermia. Recent guidelines for male infertility have limited the indications for a diagnostic testicular biopsy to the confirmation of obstructive azoospermia in men with normal size testes and normal reproductive hormones. Nowadays, testicular biopsies are mainly performed for sperm harvesting in men with non-obstructive azoospermia, to be used for intracy...

  1. Molecular Markers in Differential Diagnostics of Follicular Neoplasms of the Thyroid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E Troshina

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB is a basic method of morphological diagnostics at the preoperative examination, although it has some limitations. In 10-30 % of the cases, cytological examination results defined as indefinite or suspicious to malignant nodules, including follicular neoplasm, as according to the results of a cytological examination it does not appear to be possible to make the difference between follicular attendance the molecular markers adenomas and follicular cancer. Molecular medicine progress let us put an additional examination in a cytological, or surgical aspirates with the molecular markers. The most effective molecular markers in the clinical practice are thyroid peroxidases (TPO, telomerase and galectin-3. The application FNAB with the following immunocytochemistry examination in the thyroid tissue let us improve a differential diagnostics between benign and malignant nodules of the thyroid.

  2. Surface staining of small intestinal biopsies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Steen Seier

    1977-01-01

    Small intestinal biopsies are most often by routine examined under a stereo-microscope, prior to embedding for histological examination. This is done in order to get a view of the appearance of the mucosal pattern, especially villus configuration. The distinctness of the surface pattern however......, is improved considerably if the biopsies are stained with Alcian Green and/or PAS before they are examined. In the present paper a detailed description is given of staining of small intestinal biopsies as whole mounts. The difference between the unstained and the stained biopsies is illustrated by a few...

  3. Nerve Biopsy In The Diagnosis Of Leporsy

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    Hazra B

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Skin and nerve biopsies were done in 33 cases of different clinical types of leprosy selected from Dermatology OPD of Medical College and Hospitals, Calcutta during 1994-95. Histopathological results were compared with emphasis on the role of nerve biopsies in detection of patients with multibacillary leprosy. The evident possibility of having patients with multibacillary leprosy in peripheral leprosy with multiple drugs. It is found that skin and nerve biopsy are equally informative in borderline and lepromatour leprosy and is the only means to diagnose polyneuritic leprosy. Nerve biopsy appears to be more informative in the diagnosis of all clinical types of leprosy.

  4. INITIAL EXPERIENCE WITH ENDOSCOPIC ULTRASOUND-GUIDED FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION OF RENAL MASSES: indications, applications and limitations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Nobre MOURA

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Context Tissue sampling of renal masses is traditionally performed via the percutaneous approach or laparoscopicaly. The utility of endoscopic ultrasound to biopsy renal lesions it remains unclear and few cases have been reported. Objectives To evaluate the feasibility and outcome of endoscopic ultrasound fine needle aspiration of renal tumors. Methods Consecutive subjects undergoing attempted endoscopic ultrasound fine needle aspiration of a kidney mass after evaluation with computerized tomography or magnetic resonance. Results Ten procedures were performed in nine male patients (median age 54.7 years on the right (n = 4 and left kidney (n = 4 and bilaterally (n = 1. Kidney masses (median diameter 55 mm ; range 13-160 mm were located in the upper pole (n = 3, the lower pole (n = 2 and the mesorenal region (n = 3. In two cases, the mass involved more than one kidney region. Surgical resection confirmed renal cell carcinoma in six patients in whom pre-operative endoscopic ultrasound fine needle aspiration demonstrated renal cell carcinoma. No complications were reported. Conclusions Endoscopic ultrasound fine needle aspiration appears as a safe and feasible procedure with good results and minimal morbidity.

  5. The experience with fine needle aspiration cytology in the management of palpable breast lumps in the University Hospital Kuala Lumpur.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yip, C H; Jayaram, G; Alhady, S F

    2000-09-01

    A total of 676 palpable breast lumps seen in the Breast Clinic, University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur from August 1993 to August 1994 were subjected to fine needle aspiration cytology. Fifty-four were reported as inadequate, 501 benign, 95 malignant and 26 suspicious. One hundred and eighty-seven aspirates had histological correlation, while 34 of the malignant aspirates had clinical correlation. The majority of the other 455 patients were followed up for a period of 60 to 72 months without any malignancies becoming apparent. For analysis, only the 221 cases with histological or clinical correlation were included, (the suspicious category was included into the positive group and the inadequate cases were excluded), giving a sensitivity of 91.7%, a specificity of 91.7% and a diagnostic accuracy of 91.7%. Breast cytology was an accurate and rapid method of diagnosis of breast diseases, and in a busy surgical unit with limited operating time, it allowed for the triage of patients with breast complaints in deciding which cases needed early open biopsy. A negative cytology does not exclude the possibility of cancer, as there was a false negative rate of 11%. However by utilising a diagnostic triad of clinical examination, radiological assessment and fine needle aspiration cytology, the risk of missing a malignancy is small.

  6. Pathological aspects of core needle biopsy for non-palpable breast lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usami, Shin; Moriya, Takuya; Kasajima, Atsuko; Suzuki, Akihiko; Ishida, Takanori; Sasano, Hironobu; Ohuchi, Noriaki

    2005-01-01

    Recently, the incidence of non-palpable or noninvasive breast cancer has increased. Consequently, criteria for choosing procedures to obtain pathological materials had changed. Fine needle aspiration biopsy cytology (FNA) and core needle biopsy (CNB) are both reliable procedures for detecting breast cancer. However, for non-palpable lesions, the diagnostic accuracy of CNB is higher. The main limits of FNA are the high rate of insufficient sampling and inability to determine invasiveness. CNB is an established alternative to surgical biopsy, and CNB can avoid excess surgical biopsies in a large number of patients. In addition to accurate histological diagnosis, there is interest in obtaining prognostic information from CNB, especially for patients being considered for preoperative (neoadjuvant) therapy. CNB provides useful information about histologic type and grade. However, an unavoidable problem of CNB is underestimation of invasion. On the other hand, there is good concordance in particular for estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) between CNB and surgical excision. Several aspects of CNB remains controversial, such as diagnosing papillary lesions by CNB, problems regarding tumor cell displacement after CNB, and management of lobular neoplasia (LN) on CNB. PMID:16286907

  7. Fine needle aspiration cytology findings in cases diagnosed as oropharyngeal tularemia lymphadenitis (Erratum was published in Vol 24 Number 1, 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Banu DOĞAN GÜN

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Francisella tularensis is a gram-negative coccobacilus that causes zoonotic disease tularemia. Histopathological examination of lymph node biopsy in tularemia reveals suppurative granulomatous inflammation potentially associated caseous necrosis. Diagnosis is mainly made on the evidence of elevated agglutinating antibodies against F. Tularensis. In this study we aimed to evaluate the cytological features of ulceroglandular tularemia cases and to demonstrate the role of fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of tularemia.Fine needle aspiration cytology findings of six cervical lymphadenopaties that had established diagnoses of tularemia both clinically and serologically, were evaluated and the cytomorphological features were described.All of the cases revealed suppurative inflammation and some caseous necrosis and in four cases epithelioid histiocytes and multinuclear giant cells were observed additionally.The differential diagnosis of tularemia principally from tuberculosis and other types of bacterial lymphadenitis was made and the place of fine needle aspiration cytology among other diagnostic laboratory tests for tularemia was evaluated.

  8. Spatially correlated heterogeneous aspirations to enhance network reciprocity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanimoto, Jun; Nakata, Makoto; Hagishima, Aya; Ikegaya, Naoki

    2012-02-01

    Perc & Wang demonstrated that aspiring to be the fittest under conditions of pairwise strategy updating enhances network reciprocity in structured populations playing 2×2 Prisoner's Dilemma games (Z. Wang, M. Perc, Aspiring to the fittest and promoted of cooperation in the Prisoner's Dilemma game, Physical Review E 82 (2010) 021115; M. Perc, Z. Wang, Heterogeneous aspiration promotes cooperation in the Prisoner's Dilemma game, PLOS one 5 (12) (2010) e15117). Through numerical simulations, this paper shows that network reciprocity is even greater if heterogeneous aspirations are imposed. We also suggest why heterogeneous aspiration fosters network reciprocity. It distributes strategy updating speed among agents in a manner that fortifies the initially allocated cooperators' clusters against invasion. This finding prompted us to further enhance the usual heterogeneous aspiration cases for heterogeneous network topologies. We find that a negative correlation between degree and aspiration level does extend cooperation among heterogeneously structured agents.

  9. Pancreatic metastasis in a case of small cell lung carcinoma: Diagnostic role of fine-needle aspiration cytology and immunocytochemistry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilip K Das

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Small cell lung carcinoma represents a group of highly malignant tumors giving rise to early and widespread metastasis at the time of diagnosis. However, the pancreas is a relatively infrequent site of metastasis by this neoplasm, and there are only occasional reports on its fine needle aspiration (FNA cytology diagnosis. A 66-year-old man presented with extensive mediastinal lymphadenopathy and a mass in the pancreatic tail. Ultrasound-guided FNA smears from the pancreatic mass contained small, round tumor cells with extensive nuclear molding. The cytodiagnosis was metastatic small cell carcinoma. Immunocytochemical staining showed that a variable number of neoplastic cell were positive for cytokeratin, chromogranin A, neurone-specific enolase and synaptophysin but negative for leukocyte common antigen. The trans-bronchial needle aspiration was non-diagnostic, but biopsy was suspicious of a small cell carcinoma. This case represents a rare metastatic lesion in the pancreas from small cell lung carcinoma, diagnosed by FNA cytology.

  10. Adequate histologic sectioning of prostate needle biopsies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bostwick, David G; Kahane, Hillel

    2013-08-01

    No standard method exists for sampling prostate needle biopsies, although most reports claim to embed 3 cores per block and obtain 3 slices from each block. This study was undertaken to determine the extent of histologic sectioning necessary for optimal examination of prostate biopsies. We prospectively compared the impact on cancer yield of submitting 1 biopsy core per cassette (biopsies from January 2010) with 3 cores per cassette (biopsies from August 2010) from a large national reference laboratory. Between 6 and 12 slices were obtained with the former 1-core method, resulting in 3 to 6 slices being placed on each of 2 slides; for the latter 3-core method, a limit of 6 slices was obtained, resulting in 3 slices being place on each of 2 slides. A total of 6708 sets of 12 to 18 core biopsies were studied, including 3509 biopsy sets from the 1-biopsy-core-per-cassette group (January 2010) and 3199 biopsy sets from the 3-biopsy-cores-percassette group (August 2010). The yield of diagnoses was classified as benign, atypical small acinar proliferation, high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia, and cancer and was similar with the 2 methods: 46.2%, 8.2%, 4.5%, and 41.1% and 46.7%, 6.3%, 4.4%, and 42.6%, respectively (P = .02). Submission of 1 core or 3 cores per cassette had no effect on the yield of atypical small acinar proliferation, prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia, or cancer in prostate needle biopsies. Consequently, we recommend submission of 3 cores per cassette to minimize labor and cost of processing. PMID:23764163

  11. Bone marrow biopsy findings in brucellosis patients with hematologic abnormalities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cengiz Demir; Mustafa Kasim Karahocagil; Ramazan Esen; Murat Atmaca; Hayriye G(o)nüllü; Hayrettin Akdeniz

    2012-01-01

    Background Brucellosis can mimic various multisytem diseases,showing wide clinical polymorphism that frequently leads to misdiagnosis and treatment delay,further increasing the complication rates.In this study,we aimed to examine bone marrow biopsy findings in brucellosis cases presenting with hematologic abnormalities.Methods Forty-eight brucellosis cases were prospectively investigated.Complaints and physical examination findings of patients were recorded.Patients' complete blood count,routine biochemical tests,erythrocyte sedimentation rate,C-reactive protein and serological screenings were performed.Bone marrow biopsy and aspiration was performed in patients with cytopenia,for bone marrow examination and brucella culture,in accordance with the standard procedures from spina iliaca posterior superior region of pelvic bone.Results Of the 48 patients,35 (73%) were female and 13 (27%) were male.Mean age was (34.8±15.4) years (age range:15-70 years).Anemia,leukopenia,thrombocytopenia and pancytopenia were found in 39 (81%),28 (58%),22 (46%) and 10 patients (21%),respectively.In the examination of bone marrow,hypercellularity was found In 35 (73%) patients.Increased megacariocytic,erythroid and granulocytic series were found in 28 (58%),15 (31%) and 5 (10%) patients,respectively.In addition,hemophagocytosis was observed in 15 (31%) patients,granuloma observed in 12 (25%) and increased eosinophil and plasma cells observed in 9 (19%) patients.Conclusion According to the results of our series,hemophagocytosis,microgranuloma formation and hypersplenism may be responsible for hematologic complications of brucellosis.

  12. Fine needle aspirate flow cytometric phenotyping characterizes immunosuppressive nature of the mesothelioma microenvironment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lizotte, Patrick H.; Jones, Robert E.; Keogh, Lauren; Ivanova, Elena; Liu, Hongye; Awad, Mark M.; Hammerman, Peter S.; Gill, Ritu R.; Richards, William G.; Barbie, David A.; Bass, Adam J.; Bueno, Raphael; English, Jessie M.; Bittinger, Mark; Wong, Kwok-Kin

    2016-01-01

    With the emergence of checkpoint blockade and other immunotherapeutic drugs, and the growing adoption of smaller, more flexible adaptive clinical trial designs, there is an unmet need to develop diagnostics that can rapidly immunophenotype patient tumors. The ability to longitudinally profile the tumor immune infiltrate in response to immunotherapy also presents a window of opportunity to illuminate mechanisms of resistance. We have developed a fine needle aspirate biopsy (FNA) platform to perform immune profiling on thoracic malignancies. Matching peripheral blood, bulk resected tumor, and FNA were analyzed from 13 mesothelioma patients. FNA samples yielded greater numbers of viable cells when compared to core needle biopsies. Cell numbers were adequate to perform flow cytometric analyses on T cell lineage, T cell activation and inhibitory receptor expression, and myeloid immunosuppressive checkpoint markers. FNA samples were representative of the tumor as a whole as assessed by head-to-head comparison to single cell suspensions of dissociated whole tumor. Parallel analysis of matched patient blood enabled us to establish quality assurance criteria to determine the accuracy of FNA procedures to sample tumor tissue. FNA biopsies provide a diagnostic to rapidly phenotype the tumor immune microenvironment that may be of great relevance to clinical trials. PMID:27539742

  13. Fine needle aspirate flow cytometric phenotyping characterizes immunosuppressive nature of the mesothelioma microenvironment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lizotte, Patrick H; Jones, Robert E; Keogh, Lauren; Ivanova, Elena; Liu, Hongye; Awad, Mark M; Hammerman, Peter S; Gill, Ritu R; Richards, William G; Barbie, David A; Bass, Adam J; Bueno, Raphael; English, Jessie M; Bittinger, Mark; Wong, Kwok-Kin

    2016-01-01

    With the emergence of checkpoint blockade and other immunotherapeutic drugs, and the growing adoption of smaller, more flexible adaptive clinical trial designs, there is an unmet need to develop diagnostics that can rapidly immunophenotype patient tumors. The ability to longitudinally profile the tumor immune infiltrate in response to immunotherapy also presents a window of opportunity to illuminate mechanisms of resistance. We have developed a fine needle aspirate biopsy (FNA) platform to perform immune profiling on thoracic malignancies. Matching peripheral blood, bulk resected tumor, and FNA were analyzed from 13 mesothelioma patients. FNA samples yielded greater numbers of viable cells when compared to core needle biopsies. Cell numbers were adequate to perform flow cytometric analyses on T cell lineage, T cell activation and inhibitory receptor expression, and myeloid immunosuppressive checkpoint markers. FNA samples were representative of the tumor as a whole as assessed by head-to-head comparison to single cell suspensions of dissociated whole tumor. Parallel analysis of matched patient blood enabled us to establish quality assurance criteria to determine the accuracy of FNA procedures to sample tumor tissue. FNA biopsies provide a diagnostic to rapidly phenotype the tumor immune microenvironment that may be of great relevance to clinical trials. PMID:27539742

  14. Pulmonary actinomycosis in fine needle aspiration cytology

    OpenAIRE

    Patel Keyuri; Gupta Gurudutt; Shah Menka; Patel Purvesh

    2009-01-01

    Pulmonary actinomycosis is a rare bacterial lung disease caused by one of two types of bacteria, Actinomyces or Propioni. Pulmonary actinomycosis in the lung causes lung cavities, lung nodules, and pleural effusion. We report here a case of pulmonary actinomycosis that was diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). A 45 year-old male with a history of smoking and alcohol abuse, presented with complaints of cough with hemoptysis, right-sided chest pain, and fever of two months′...

  15. Prostate biopsy after ano-rectal resection: value of CT-guided trans-gluteal biopsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cantwell, Colin P.; Hahn, Peter F.; Gervais, Debra A.; Mueller, Peter R. [Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Division of Abdominal Imaging and Interventional Radiology, Boston, MA (United States)

    2008-04-15

    We describe our single-institutional experience with computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous transgluteal biopsy of the prostate in patients in whom transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy is precluded by prior ano-rectal resection. Between March 1995 and April 2007, 22 patients had 34 prostate biopsies (mean age 68; mean PSA 29 ng/ml; mean follow-up 6.1 years). The charts of patients who had transgluteal biopsy were reviewed for demographic, complications and pathology. Ninety-five percent (21/22) of primary biopsies were diagnostic. Of the 21 diagnostic biopsies, 11 were positive for prostate cancer and ten were definitive benign samples. Seventy-three percent (8/11) of the patients had progressive PSA elevation that mandated 11 further prostate biopsies. Six patients had a second biopsy, one patient had a third and one patient had a fourth biopsy. Among patients who had serial biopsies, 38% (3/8) had prostate cancer. No complications or death occurred. A malignant biopsy was not significantly associated with core number (P = 0.58) or a high PSA level (P = 0.15). CT-guided transgluteal biopsy of the prostate is safe and effective. (orig.)

  16. Fine needle aspiration cytology of lesions of liver and gallbladder: An analysis of 400 consecutive aspirations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Barbhuiya

    2014-01-01

    Conclusion: FNAC can be used successfully for the diagnosis of liver and gallbladder lesions, thus avoiding open biopsy. Study indicates the potential of using FNAC in clinical intervention where the incidence of gall-bladder and liver cancer is very high and open biopsy and surgery are not an option.

  17. 'Microerosions' in rectal biopsies in Crohn's disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Steen Seier

    1984-01-01

    Small (less than 1 mm), superficial erosions ('microerosions') have been observed stereo-microscopically in surface-stained rectal biopsies in Crohn's disease (CD). Biopsy specimens from 97 patients with CD, 225 with ulcerative colitis (UC), and a control material of 161 patients were investigated...

  18. Transjugular liver biopsy: indications, technique and results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dohan, A; Guerrache, Y; Boudiaf, M; Gavini, J-P; Kaci, R; Soyer, P

    2014-01-01

    Transjugular liver biopsy is a safe, effective and well-tolerated technique to obtain liver tissue specimens in patients with diffuse liver disease associated with severe coagulopathies or massive ascites. Transjugular liver biopsy is almost always feasible. The use of ultrasonographic guidance for percutaneous puncture of the right internal jugular vein is recommended to decrease the incidence of local cervical minor complications. Semiautomated biopsy devices are very effective in obtaining optimal tissue samples for a precise and definite histological diagnosis with a very low rate of complication. The relative limitations of transjugular liver biopsy are the cost, the radiation dose given to the patient, the increased procedure time by comparison with the more common percutaneous liver biopsy, and the need of a well-trained interventional radiologist. PMID:24007769

  19. Delayed culture of Leishmania in skin biopsies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dedet, J P; Pratlong, F; Pradinaud, R; Moreau, B

    1999-01-01

    Between January 1997 and October 1998, 16 skin biopsies collected from 13 patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis in French Guiana were inoculated in culture medium after travel for 3-17 days from the place of biopsy to the culture laboratory in France. Each biopsy fragment was introduced near the flame of a Bunsen burner into the transport medium (RPMI medium supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum) which was maintained at ambient temperature during postal delivery to France. In France the biopsies were ground in sterile saline before being inoculated into NNN culture tubes. The cultures were incubated at 25 degrees C and subcultured every week until the 5th week. The cultures were positive in 9 cases, remained negative in 4, and were contaminated in 3 cases. Positive results were obtained at all seasons and for 3 different Leishmania species. The study indicates that delayed culture can yield useful results from biopsies taken in field conditions.

  20. Biopsy needle detection in transrectal ultrasound.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayvaci, Alper; Yan, Pingkun; Xu, Sheng; Soatto, Stefano; Kruecker, Jochen

    2011-01-01

    Using the fusion of pre-operative MRI and real time intra-procedural transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) to guide prostate biopsy has been shown as a very promising approach to yield better clinical outcome than the routinely performed TRUS only guided biopsy. In several situations of the MRI/TRUS fusion guided biopsy, it is important to know the exact location of the deployed biopsy needle, which is imaged in the TRUS video. In this paper, we present a method to automatically detect and segment the biopsy needle in TRUS. To achieve this goal, we propose to combine information from multiple resources, including ultrasound probe stability, TRUS video background model, and the prior knowledge of needle orientation and position. The proposed algorithm was tested on TRUS video sequences which have in total more than 25,000 frames. The needle deployments were successfully detected and segmented in the sequences with high accuracy and low false-positive detection rate.

  1. Usefulness of CT fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous needle biopsy in the presence of pneumothorax during biopsy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    When pneumothorax occurs during a percutaneous needle biopsy, the radiologist usually stops the biopsy. We evaluated the usefulness of computed tomographic (CT) fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous needle biopsy in the presence of pneumothorax during biopsy. We performed 288 CT fluoroscopy guided percutaneous needle biopsies to diagnose the pulmonary nodules. Twenty two of these patients had pneumothorax that occurred during the biopsy without obtaining an adequate specimen. After pneumothorax occurred, we performed immediate CT fluoroscopy guided percutaneous needle biopsies using an 18-gauge cutting needle. We evaluated the success rate of the biopsies and also whether or not the pneumothorax progressed. We classified these patients into two groups according to whether the pneumothorax progressed (Group 2) or not (Group 1) by measuring the longest distance between the parietal pleura and the visceral pleura both in the early and late pneumothorax. Additionally, we analyzed the relationship between the progression of pneumothorax after biopsy and 1) the depth of the pulmonary nodule; 2) the number of biopsies; 3) the presence or absence of emphysema at the biopsy site; and 4) the size of the pulmonary nodule. Biopsy was successful in 19 of 22 nodules (86.3%). Of the 19 nodules, 12 (63.2%) were malignant and 7 (36.8%) were benign. Twelve patients (54.5%) were classified as group 1 and 10 patients (45.4%) as group 2. The distance between the lung lesion and pleura showed a statistically significant difference between these two groups: ≤ 1 cm in distance for group 1 (81.8%) and group 2 (18.2%), and > 1 cm in distance for group 1 (30%) and group 2 (70%), ρ 0.05). When early pneumothorax occurs during a biopsy, CT fluoroscopy guided percutaneous needle biopsy is an effective and safe procedure. Aggravation of pneumothorax after biopsy is affected by the depth of the pulmonary nodule

  2. Performing bone marrow biopsies with or without sedation: a comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giannoutsos, I; Grech, H; Maboreke, T; Morgenstern, G

    2004-06-01

    Although intravenous sedation (ISED) in addition to a local anaesthetic (LA) is commonly used in the performance of a bone marrow aspirate and trephine (BMAT), it is not clear under what circumstances and in which way sedation may be most beneficial. In this study, information was gathered using a questionnaire, from 112 patients shortly after undergoing BMAT; the duration of the procedures and the length of the biopsy cores were measured and any complications noted. Most patients (68%) chose to receive LA only, and almost all (74/76) were happy with their decision. Patients who received sedation gave lower pain scores than patients receiving LA only (1 vs. 3) and were found to have lower levels of apprehension at the thought of having a repeat procedure. Patients having a repeat BMAT showed a slightly increased preference for having sedation compared with patients who were undergoing it for the first time. There is some concern that guidelines regarding the use of ISED for procedures other than BMAT are not always adhered to, and current practice may be best revealed by a large-scale audit of sedation practice for the performance of BMAT. Patients should be given the choice of having ISED if the appropriate resources are available, but in most cases the additional small risk of receiving sedation can be avoided.

  3. Improved Accuracy of Percutaneous Biopsy Using “Cross and Push” Technique for Patients Suspected with Malignant Biliary Strictures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patel, Prashant, E-mail: p.patel@bham.ac.uk [University of Birmingham, School of Cancer Sciences, Vincent Drive (United Kingdom); Rangarajan, Balaji; Mangat, Kamarjit, E-mail: kamarjit.mangat@uhb.nhs.uk, E-mail: kamarjit.mangat@nhs.net [University Hospital Birmingham NHS Trust, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

    2015-08-15

    PurposeVarious methods have been used to sample biliary strictures, including percutaneous fine-needle aspiration biopsy, intraluminal biliary washings, and cytological analysis of drained bile. However, none of these methods has proven to be particularly sensitive in the diagnosis of biliary tract malignancy. We report improved diagnostic accuracy using a modified technique for percutaneous transluminal biopsy in patients with this disease.Materials and MethodsFifty-two patients with obstructive jaundice due to a biliary stricture underwent transluminal forceps biopsy with a modified “cross and push” technique with the use of a flexible biopsy forceps kit commonly used for cardiac biopsies. The modification entailed crossing the stricture with a 0.038-in. wire leading all the way down into the duodenum. A standard or long sheath was subsequently advanced up to the stricture over the wire. A Cook 5.2-Fr biopsy forceps was introduced alongside the wire and the cup was opened upon exiting the sheath. With the biopsy forceps open, within the stricture the sheath was used to push and advance the biopsy cup into the stricture before the cup was closed and the sample obtained. The data were analysed retrospectively.ResultsWe report the outcomes of this modified technique used on 52 consecutive patients with obstructive jaundice secondary to a biliary stricture. The sensitivity and accuracy were 93.3 and 94.2 %, respectively. There was one procedure-related late complication.ConclusionWe propose that the modified “cross and push” technique is a feasible, safe, and more accurate option over the standard technique for sampling strictures of the biliary tree.

  4. US-guided biopsy of renal allografts using 18G biopsy gun: analysis of 200 cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Eun Kyung; Lee, Jong Tae; Kim, Myeong Jin; Yoo, Hyung Sik; Kim, Ki Whang; Park, Ki Ill; Chung, Hyun Joo [Yonsei University, College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-05-15

    We evaluated the effectiveness and safety of 18G biopsy gun with US guidance in the transplanted kidneys. We performed 200 US-guided percutaneous biopsies using 18G biopsy gun. Diagnostic efficacy and complication of the biopsy in these patients were analyzed. Biopsy specimens were adequate for histologic diagnoses in 193 patients(96.5%). The mean of the biopsy frequency was 3, the mean of total glomerular number was 21.64 and the mean glomerular number per one biopsy was 6.93. Major complications occurred in 3 (1.5%) of the 200 biopsies; hematuria developed in two patients, AV fistula in one. These complications were successfully controlled either by only transfusion or by coil embolization. There were no statistical differences in blood pressure, hemoglobin, BUN/Cr between pre-and post-renal biopsies. US-guided percutaneous biopsy of renal allograft with 18G biopsy gun is simple, safe, and accurate method in evaluating the renal allograft dysfunction.

  5. A cytopathological approach to diagnosing intrathoracic lymphadenopathy using aspirates obtained by the transbronchial needle aspiration method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özyalvaçlı, Gülzade; Yaşar, Zehra; Çetinkaya, Erdoğan

    2016-03-01

    Transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) is an effective, safe and cost-effective technique that allows for sampling of the mediastinal lymph node and peribronchial lesions. It is used in bronchogenic carcinoma staging, peribronchial and submucosal lesions, diagnosis of sarcoidosis and tuberculosis, differentiating submucosal invasion, and in diagnosing mediastinal masses. From our experience at the University of Abant Izzet Baysal and from a review of the literature, we discuss the adequacy and the differential diagnosis of aspiration material obtained by TBNA and cytopathological-histopathological evaluation in intrathoracic lymphadenopathies to increase the success rate of the TBNA method. PMID:27266286

  6. Utilization trends and positive biopsy rates for prostate biopsies in the United States: 2005 to 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapoor, Deepak A; Bostwick, David G; Mendrinos, Savvas E; Anderson, Ann E; Olsson, Carl A

    2013-01-01

    This article assesses the positive biopsy rate and core sampling pattern in patients undergoing needle biopsy of the prostate in the United States at a national reference laboratory (NRL) and anatomic pathology laboratories integrated into urology group practices, and analyzes the relationship between positive biopsy rates and the number of specimen vials per biopsy. For the years 2005 to 2011 we collected pathology data from an NRL, including number of urologists and urology practices referring samples, total specimen vials submitted for prostate biopsies, and final pathologic diagnosis for each case. The diagnoses were categorized as benign, malignant, prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia, or atypical small acinar proliferation. Over the same period, similar data were gathered from urology practices with in-house laboratories performing global pathology services (urology practice laboratories; UPLs) as identified by a survey of members of the Large Urology Group Practice Association. For each year studied, positive biopsy rate and number of specimen vials per biopsy were calculated in aggregate and separately for each site of service. From 2005 to 2011, 437,937 biopsies were submitted in > 4.23 million vials (9.4 specimen vials/biopsy); overall positive biopsy rate was 40.3%-this was identical at both the NRL and UPL (P = .97). Nationally, the number of specimen vials per biopsy increased sharply from a mean of 8.8 during 2005 to 2008 to a mean of 10.3 from 2009 to 2011 (difference, 1.5 specimen vials/biopsy; P = .03). For the most recent 3-year period (2009-2011), the difference of 0.6 specimen vials per biopsy between the NRL (10.0) and UPL (10.6) was not significant (P = 0.08). Positive biopsy rate correlated strongly (P < .01) with number of specimen vials per biopsy. The positive prostate biopsy rate is 40.3% and is identical across sites of service. Although there was a national trend toward increased specimen vials per biopsy from 2005 to 2011, from 2009 to

  7. Reasons for False-Negative and False-Positive Diagnosis in Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of the Breast: 286 Cases with Cyto-Histopathologic Correlation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilüfer Onak KANDEMİR

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Fine needle aspiration cytology is the first step in the diagnosing breast lesions. This study evaluated factors causing falsenegative and false-positive diagnoses when evaluating breast lesions using this technique.Material and Method: In this study, we retrospectively examined 511 breast diagnoses, based on Fine needle aspiration cytology specimens, made in the Medical School of Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Department of Pathology, between 2002 and 2009. Factors affecting the reliability of fine needle aspiration cytology were evaluated by comparing the cytological and biopsy diagnoses and using the clinical parameters in the diagnosis of breast lesions.Result: In our series, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of fine needle aspiration cytology were 77%, 99%, 95%, 93%, and 95%, respectively. The falsenegative diagnosis rate was 4% and the false-positive diagnosis rate was 1%.Conclusion: Sampling errors and erroneous interpretation of cellular monomorphism are the most important reasons for false-negative diagnosis results in the evaluation of breast lesions with fine needle aspiration cytology. Increased cellularity and reactive cell atypia in benign proliferative breast lesions are the most frequent reasons for false-positive diagnosis.

  8. Correlation of gastroesophageal reflex with aspiration pneumonia after surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to elucidate the correlation of gastroesophageal reflex (GER) with aspiration pneumonia after surgery, 48 patients (mean, 75.6 years) with gastric cancer treated at the hospital from March, 1994 to December, 1994 were subjected to this prospective study. The pharyngeal stimulation test, nutritional assessment, radionuclide esophageal scintigraphy (34 cases) were performed before surgery and relationship between those results and aspiration pneumonia were studied. Aspiration pneumonia occurred in 3 cases, and all of them were in, significantly, poor nutritional status, compared with other. A significant increase in the frequency of GER was observed when a naso-gastric tube (NGT) was placed, but surprisingly, all the patients with aspiration pneumonia were 3 out of 4 patients who had continuous GER without NGT. It is noteworthy, continuous GER without NGT was significantly (p<0.001) affected postoperative aspiration pneumonia and impaired phalyngeal reflex was frequently correlated with development of aspiration pneumonia, when malnutritional status existed. (author)

  9. When Aspirations Exceed Expectations: Quixotic Hope Increases Depression among Students.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katharine H Greenaway

    Full Text Available A paradox exists in modern schooling: students are simultaneously more positive about the future and more depressed than ever. We suggest that these two phenomena may be linked. Two studies demonstrated that students are more likely to be depressed when educational aspirations exceed expectations. In Study 1 (N = 85 aspiring to a thesis grade higher than one expected predicted greater depression at the beginning and end of the academic year. In Study 2 (N = 2820 aspiring to a level of education (e.g., attending college higher than one expected to achieve predicted greater depression cross-sectionally and five years later. In both cases the negative effects of aspiring high while expecting low persisted even after controlling for whether or not students achieved their educational aspirations. These findings highlight the danger of teaching students to aspire higher without also investing time and money to ensure that students can reasonably expect to achieve their educational goals.

  10. Hazards of lung biopsy in asbestos workers.

    OpenAIRE

    Lerman, Y.; Ribak, J; Selikoff, I J

    1986-01-01

    An investigation into the problem of the frequency and hazards of lung biopsy in asbestos workers was performed in two ways. The first study was into the frequency of lung biopsy among 2907 long term asbestos insulation workers in 1981-3 and the second was into the frequency of fatal complications of lung biopsy in 168 deaths from asbestosis among 2271 consecutive deaths of asbestos insulation workers 1967-76. Only 25 (0.9%) of the 2907 asbestos insulation workers reported having had either a...

  11. Micropipette aspiration on the outer hair cell lateral wall.

    OpenAIRE

    Sit, P S; Spector, A A; Lue, A J; Popel, A S; Brownell, W.E.

    1997-01-01

    The mechanical properties of the lateral wall of the guinea pig cochlear outer hair cell were studied using the micropipette aspiration technique. A fire-polished micropipette with an inner diameter of approximately 4 microm was brought into contact with the lateral wall and negative pressure was applied. The resulting deformation of the lateral wall was recorded on videotape and subjected to morphometric analysis. The relation between the length of the aspirated portion of the cell and aspir...

  12. Exogenous lipoid pneumonia induced by aspiration of insecticide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishimatsu, Keisuke; Kamitani, Takeshi; Matsuo, Yoshio; Hatakenaka, Masamitsu; Sunami, Shunya; Jinnouchi, Mikako; Nagao, Michinobu; Yabuuchi, Hidetake; Honda, Hiroshi

    2012-01-01

    Exogenous lipoid pneumonia is a rare disorder caused by inhalation and/or aspiration of oil-based substances. The confirmed diagnosis of exogenous lipoid pneumonia is difficult, especially in cases for which it is impossible to ascertain a history of inhalation or aspiration. We present a case of exogenous lipoid pneumonia due to aspiration of insecticide, for which the computed tomography findings of fat attenuation within the lesion were helpful in reaching a correct diagnosis. PMID:21952608

  13. Gender and Leadership Aspiration: The Impact of the Organizational Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Erlemann, C.

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractSummary The aim of this dissertation is to examine gender differences in leadership aspiration. Although some important work regarding gender-specific aspiration has been done already, conditions fostering leadership aspiration – particularly among women – are not completely understood. Therefore, the focus of this dissertation is on assessing the potential impact of the organizational environment, including formal and informal elements, as well as relevant actors and their re...

  14. When Aspirations Exceed Expectations: Quixotic Hope Increases Depression among Students

    OpenAIRE

    Greenaway, Katharine H.; Margaret Frye; Tegan Cruwys

    2015-01-01

    A paradox exists in modern schooling: students are simultaneously more positive about the future and more depressed than ever. We suggest that these two phenomena may be linked. Two studies demonstrated that students are more likely to be depressed when educational aspirations exceed expectations. In Study 1 (N = 85) aspiring to a thesis grade higher than one expected predicted greater depression at the beginning and end of the academic year. In Study 2 (N = 2820) aspiring to a level of educa...

  15. SOCIOLOGICAL FACTORS AFFECTING CAREER ASPIRATION LEVEL OF HIGH SCHOOL SENIORS

    OpenAIRE

    Hoover, Carole J.

    1999-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine the significant factors that affected career aspirations for high school seniors in a suburban school. It also analyzed differences in females' and minorities' ­ college plans, diploma type, and changes in career aspirations from 1986 to 1996. The research design was a causal comparative statistical analysis replicating a 1986 study at the same school. In-depth investigations into female and minority aspirations were also expanded in this 1996 study. ...

  16. Percutaneous Transthoracic Needle Biopsy of Pulmonary Lesions: a National Survey of Korean Practice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study surveyed the thoracic radiologists in Korea in order to determine how they performed percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy of pulmonary lesions. Materials and Methods: In May 2006, fifty questionnaires were mailed to the members of the Society of Thoracic Radiology in the Republic of Korea (KSTR), and these doctors worked in academic and community hospitals. The survey consisted of multiple-choice questions regarding the radiologist's approach to a transthoracic needle biopsy (the type of practice, the imaging guidance technique, the biopsy technique, monitoring during the procedure, the assessment of pneumothorax after the procedure and the diagnostic accuracy) on the basis of the guidelines of the British Thoracic Society (BTS) and the European Respiratory Society (ERS)/American Thoracic Society (ATS). Results: A total of 39 (66.1%) KSTR members responded. For the biopsy guidance, 16(41.0%) responder performed the procedure under CT guidance, 19(48.7%) responders performed the procedure under fluoroscopy guidance only and 4(10.3%) responders performed the procedure under either CT or fluoroscopy guidance. Fine-needle aspiration was the procedure of choice for eight (20.5%) respondents, whereas 31(79.5%) preferred performing a cutting needle biopsy. Before doing the procedure, 38(97.4%) institutions performed coagulation tests. All the respondents routinely performed follow-up imaging to determine the presence of a pneumothorax. PTNB has an overall diagnostic sensitivity of 95.8%, a specificity of 100%, a positive predictive value of 100%, a negative predictive value of 93.9% and an accuracy of 92.4%. Although the KSTR members already perform PTNB according to the BTS or ERS/ATS guidelines with excellent results, this survey could be a cornerstone for formulating PTNB guidelines (indications, contraindications, the pre-investigation and post observation after PTNB) in Korea

  17. MIBI scintigraphy in hypofunctioning thyroid nodules. Can it predict the dignity of the lesion?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Theissen, P.; Schmidt, M.; Ivanova, T.; Dietlein, M.; Schicha, H. [Dept. of Nuclear Medicine, Univ. of Cologne (Germany)

    2009-07-01

    Aim: Several authors have investigated the value of technetium-MIBI scanning to predict the dignity of hypofunctioning, cold thyroid nodules (HTN) in regions with differing levels of iodine supply. They concluded that an MIBI scan can exclude thyroid malignancy, although comparisons between the studies are of limited value owing to differences in methodology and wide variations in patient selection criteria. The present study investigates whether the above claim is also valid in Germany, a country with a long-standing and persistent, mild iodine deficiency and a high incidence of nodules in large goiters with a low prevalence of malignancy. Patients, methods: The study compares the results of {sup 99m}Tc-MIBI scintigraphy (incl. SPECT and planar images) in HTN (MIBI) with those of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) and histology. Of 154 consecutive patients (121 women, 33 men; mean age 56 {+-} 12 years), 73 underwent thyroid surgery from which the results of FNAB and MIBI were assessed. Selection criteria were risk estimation or conditions limiting the feasibility of FNAB. The mean thyroid volume was 42 {+-} 25 ml, with 2.1 {+-} 1.4 nodules per patient. Results: Histology revealed thyroid malignancies in 8 out of 73 patients (11.0%). The negative predictive value for MIBI was 97%, which is comparable to FNAB (94%). However, in 19.5% of patients FNAB was indeterminate. Lower specificity (54%) and low positive predictive value (19%) showed that MIBI accumulation cannot differentiate between malignant and benign thyroid nodules. However, comparison with cytological and/or histological findings indicated that it could distinguish between lesions with differing rates of mitochondrial metabolism. Conclusion: Even in areas of former or mild iodine deficiency MIBI forms a basis for choosing between wait-and-see and surgical strategies if FNAB is unfeasible or not representative. However, even for pathological MIBI results, the prevalence of malignancy is not very high

  18. Advances in the Management of Upper Gastrointestinal Subepithelial Tumor: Pathologic Diagnosis Using Endoscopy without Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hang Lak

    2016-05-01

    Until now, biopsy methods for subepithelial tumors (SETs) have focused on endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided biopsy; however, these methods have several limitations. We devised a simple method for pathologic diagnosis of SETs. SETs are occasionally diagnosed during endoscopy, and lesions are generally small and asymptomatic. It can be challenging to decide on a management plan for large asymptomatic SETs. EUS imaging provides information regarding the size, layer, and echo pattern of the lesions. Patient management plans have traditionally been determined based on EUS images, whereby the endoscopist chooses to either monitor or remove the tumor. However, EUS alone cannot diagnose and evaluate upper gastrointestinal SETs with high accuracy. As sufficient tissue samples are required for the accurate diagnosis of SETs, EUS-guided biopsy techniques such as EUS fine-needle aspiration and trucut biopsy are currently used. However, these methods have a relatively low diagnostic accuracy and do not always provide information upon immunohistochemical staining. Endoscopists can easily detect a submucosal mass after creating an iatrogenic mucosal ulcer, after which tissue sampling is performed by using endoscopic biopsy. Furthermore, pathologic results can differentiate between benign and premalignant lesions. Here, we introduce a simple method for the pathologic diagnosis of SETs. PMID:27246253

  19. Value of CT-guided fine needle aspiration in solitary pulmonary nodules with negative fiberoptic bronchoscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The usefulness of fine needle aspiration (FNA) with CT-guidance was evaluated in the diagnosis of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPN) following negative fiberoptic bronchoscopy in 84 patients. The records were analyzed for all patients with SPN who had undergone chest FNA in the years 1988 to 1990, showing previous nondiagnostic fiberoptic bronchoscopy. A final diagnosis was made by biopsy (transbronchial, thoracotomy or necropsy), response to therapy or follow-up of the lesions. The patients had medium-sized lesions, 2.87 ± 1.11 cm, adherent to the pleura in 62%. In the diagnosis of malignancy FNA showed 76% sensitivity, 100% specificity, 100% positive predictive value, 52% negative predictive value and 81% accuracy. These results were correlated with histology in 84% of the cases. One pulmonary hemorrhage, which resolved spontaneously, and 12 cases of pneumothorax, requiring a thoracic tube in 4 patients, were noted. (orig.)

  20. Advances in head and neck fine-needle aspiration and ultrasound technique for the pathologist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakowski, Joseph D; DiNardo, Laurence J

    2015-07-01

    The success of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy in the evaluation of head and neck (H&N) masses has already been established. Herein we outline the most recent advancement for the pathologist who performs traditional palpation-guided FNA (PGFNA) in the H&N while also incorporating ultrasound-guided FNA (UGFNA) into their practice. We provide an overview of the educational and training opportunities in H&N ultrasound and UGFNA with emphasis on the advantages and limitations for the pathologist. Throughout are useful clinical and technical pearls, many of which may also interest those who practice PGFNA, including local anesthesia use and FNA procedures in pediatric patients. PMID:25677264

  1. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of subcutaneous cysticercosis: A series of five cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kusum D Jashnani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Taenia solium, a potentially dangerous parasite, causes human cysticercosis that can cause a gamut of manifestations affecting the various systems of the body. Sometimes, parasitic infestations present as only superficial palpable subcutaneous or intramuscular nodules that are usually mistaken for lymph nodes or benign tumors like lipoma, neurofibroma, or epidermal inclusion cysts. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC has emerged as a useful tool in the diagnosis of these superficial parasitic lesions. It also helps in avoiding unnecessary open biopsy to obtain a diagnosis. We, herein, report a series of five cases of subcutaneous cysticercosis at different sites (axilla, chest wall, abdominal wall, lateral neck, and cheek misdiagnosed as lipomas and lymph nodes and finally diagnosed on FNAC.

  2. Gender, aspirations, and achievements : Relating work and family aspirations to occupational outcomes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Horst, Mariska

    2014-01-01

    Although women have increased their labour market participation and educational level they still lag behind men in their occupational achievements. An important discussion in the literature as well as in popular media is whether this is due to a gender difference in aspirations. In this study the im

  3. Status quo and development trend of breast biopsy technology

    OpenAIRE

    ZHANG, YAN-JUN; Wei, Lichun; Li, Jie; Zheng, Yi-Qiong; Li, Xi-Ru

    2013-01-01

    Triple assessment is a standard method for assessment of breast diseases, which includes clinical evaluation, radiographic assessment and pathological assessment. Biopsy for breast disease is the gold standard for pathological assessment, including incisional biopsy, excisional biopsy, core needle biopsy, vacuum-assisted biopsy and bite biopsy. With the continuous advancement of diagnostic and treatment technology for breast cancer, collection of diseased tissue has also undergone a gradual t...

  4. GoM Coastal Biopsy Surveys - NRDA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Small vessel surveys were conducted within estuarine and nearshore coastal waters of Barataria Bay, LA and Mississippi Sound, MS to collect tissue biopsy samples...

  5. Salivary Gland Biopsy for Sjogren's Syndrome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Delli, Konstantina; Vissink, Arjan; Spijkervet, Fred K. L.

    2014-01-01

    Salivary gland biopsy is a technique broadly applied for the diagnosis of Sjogren's syndrome (SS), lymphoma accompanying SS, sarcoidosis, amyloidosis, and other connective tissue disorders. SS has characteristic microscopic findings involving lymphocytic infiltration surrounding the excretory ducts

  6. Prostate biopsy tracking with deformation estimation

    CERN Document Server

    Baumann, Michael; Daanen, Vincent; Troccaz, Jocelyne

    2011-01-01

    Transrectal biopsies under 2D ultrasound (US) control are the current clinical standard for prostate cancer diagnosis. The isoechogenic nature of prostate carcinoma makes it necessary to sample the gland systematically, resulting in a low sensitivity. Also, it is difficult for the clinician to follow the sampling protocol accurately under 2D US control and the exact anatomical location of the biopsy cores is unknown after the intervention. Tracking systems for prostate biopsies make it possible to generate biopsy distribution maps for intra- and post-interventional quality control and 3D visualisation of histological results for diagnosis and treatment planning. They can also guide the clinician toward non-ultrasound targets. In this paper, a volume-swept 3D US based tracking system for fast and accurate estimation of prostate tissue motion is proposed. The entirely image-based system solves the patient motion problem with an a priori model of rectal probe kinematics. Prostate deformations are estimated with ...

  7. Aspiration Alone, Aspiration Plus Steroid Injection and Aspiration Plus Ethanol Injection for Treatment of Dorsal Wrist Ganglions: A Comparative Study among Three Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khandoker Abdur Rahim

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: There are varieties of treatment modalities to treat dorsal wrist ganglion cysts. But none of these has been the standard. So, we designed this study to compare among different treatment modalities. Objective: To compare the effects of aspiration alone, aspiration plus methylprednisone injection and aspiration plus ethanol injection into the dorsal wrist ganglions. Materials and Methods: This prospective study was performed in Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka from March 2010 to May 2011. Sixty six patients with dorsal wrist ganglions were treated in three groups –– aspiration alone in 24 patients (Group A, aspiration plus methylprednisolone injection into the cyst in 20 patients (Group B and aspiration plus ethanol injection, then reaspiration of the ethanol from the cyst after 3–5 minutes, in 22 patients (Group C. Elastic compression bandage was applied in all patients and recommended for 3 weeks. Follow-up was done at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months and conclusive assessment was done during final visit. Results: The success rate in Group A was seen in 9 patients (37.5%, in Group B in 11 (55% and in Group C in 14 (63.5% patients. The most frequent side-effect was pain during ethanol injection which was relieved by reaspiration of cyst. Conclusion: Injection of ethanol into the dorsal wrist ganglion was associated with higher success rate compared to aspiration and methylprednisolone injection. Further studies with larger sample size should be performed to assess the effect of ethanol injection in this disease.

  8. Outpatient percutaneous renal biopsy in adult patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To study the safety and efficacy of performing percutanaeous renal biopsy in the outpatient department compared to the traditional inpatient policy, we studied 44 consecutive patients with proteinuria and other urinary sediment abnormalities, at King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia, during the period from September 2004 to August 2006. The patients were divided into two groups: group I, in whom kidney biopsy was performed and followed by 1-day hospital admission; and group II, in whom renal biopsy was performed in the outpatient department and followed by 6 hours observation period and then by regular outpatient visits. All biopsies were performed with the use of real-time ultrasound and automated biopsy needle. Patients with a history of bleeding diathesis or abnormal coagulation profile and those receiving warfarin, heparin, aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs were excluded from the study. Only minor biopsy-related complications such as gross hematuria, perinephric hematoma that resolved without the need for blood transfusion or surgical intervention occurred in three (13.6%) patients in group I and in two (9.1%) patients in group II. The complications were apparent within 6 hours in all but one patient (97.7%). Overall, hematuria was identified in 52% of patients at <-72 hours, 85% at <-4 hours and 97.7% at <- 6 hours. The 24-hour hematocrit levels were not significantly different between the study groups. One (4.5%) patient from group II had a small perinephric hematoma, which was detected by ultrasound examination at 24 hours but not at 6 hours post biopsy period; it resolved spontaneously without intervention. We conclude that in selected patients, same day discharge after 6 hours of renal biopsy may be given safety without increased risk of complications. (author)

  9. Hepatitis C Transmission after Prostate Biopsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karim Ferhi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Prostate biopsy is a current and well-codified procedure; antibiotic prophylaxis and rectal enema limit the risk of infection. To date, there has been no reported viral transmission between patients due to a contaminated ultrasound probe. In this study, we report the case of a patient who contracted the hepatitis C virus after transrectal prostate biopsy as part of an individual screening for prostate cancer.

  10. Core biopsies of the breast: Diagnostic pitfalls

    OpenAIRE

    Megha Joshi; Sriharshan J Reddy; Manjiri Nanavidekar; John P Russo; Armand V Russo; Ram Pathak

    2011-01-01

    The incidence of breast cancer is increasing worldwide. In this review article, the authors compare and contrast the incidence of breast cancer, and the inherent differences in the United States (US) and India in screening techniques used for diagnosing breast cancer. In spite of these differences, core biopsies of the breast are common for diagnosis of breast cancer in both countries. The authors describe "Best Practices" in the reporting and processing of core biopsies and in the analysis o...

  11. Cytological diagnosis usefulness (PAAF) (Fine needle puncture and Aspiration) in radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The discovery of palpable lesions (adenopathy, subcutaneous, breast and thyroid nodes, etc.) in patients with malignancies of various locations referred for radiotherapy, poses diagnostic problems which should be promptly resolved since it may result in changes in the anticipated therapeutic regime. Likewise, the presentation of such lesions in previously irradiated patients raises the differential diagnosis between a progression of the disease and a non-malignant condition. Given the experience and the ease with which fine needle puncture and aspirations is carried out, previding-according to published data a diagnostic accuracy of 76% to 100% in palpable nodules, the usefulness of this procedure was assessed in 35 patients who presented with palpable lesions among a total of 428 new patients seen at the Radiotherapy Department of the Hospital Clinico Universitario, Valencia, in 1985. Out of the 35 lesions, 17 were adenopathies. In 63% of cases, the patients had head and neck malignancies; 14% had breast tumors; 11% had lung cancer and the remaining 11% of patients had malignancies located elsewhere. 43% were discovered before radiotherapy was administered, 14% during the treatment and 43% after this, in routine follow-up visits. Cytological diagnosis was achieved in 89% of cases. An overall clinical and pathological correlation was obtained in 58% of cases. Then out of 20 positive fine needle aspirations determined changes in the therapeutic regime (7 out of 15 prior to radiotherapy and 5 out of 5 during this). After radiotherapy, the clinical and pathological correlation is worse, in 33% of cases, than prior to or during this treatment. In four cases in which fine needle puncture and aspiration was negative but clinical suspicion of tumor involvement was high, open biopsy proved to be negative. (Author). 9 refs

  12. A PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION CYTOLOGY OF INTRAORAL LESIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harish S

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC is an important diagnostic tool for swellings in the thyroid, salivary gland, breast lump and enlarged lymph nodes. Very few studies have been done to explore the potential of FNAC in the diagnoses of intraoral lesions. Hence the present study was done to find out the efficacy of FNAC in the diagnosis of intraoral lesions. AIMS/OBJECTIVES : To determine the efficacy of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in the diagnosis of intraoral lesions . MATERIALS & METHODS: A prospective study on 88 cases presented with intraoral lesions was done from August 2010 to July 2012. Cases of intraoral Cases having both FNACs along with biopsy correlation were included. OBSERVATIONS/RESULTS: The age group ranged from 12 - 83 years with male: female ratio of 1.6:1. The most common sites of aspiration were tongue in 28 cases, followed by buccal mucosa in 24 and other sites 42 cases. The lesions rep orted on FNAC were malignant tumors in 44(50%, benign lesions 39 (44.31% and suspicious for malignancy 5(5.69% cases. False negative and false positive were 6 and 2 cases respectively. Squamous cell carcinoma was the common malignant tumor. Overall sens itivity of 88%, specificity 95.6% and diagnostic accuracy of 91.6% was obtained in our study. CONCLUSION: We conclude that FNAC is one of the important diagnostic tool in the diagnosis of intraoral lesions. The results of our study suggest, it should be co nsidered as first line of investigation, especially in clinically suspected malignant tumors.

  13. MR-guided fine needle aspiration of breast lesions: Initial experience

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wald, D.S.; Weinreb, J.C.; Newstead, G.; Flyer, M.; Bose, S. [New York Univ. Medical Center, NY (United States)

    1996-01-01

    Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is a minimally invasive procedure that is used to obtain cytologic specimens of suspicious lesions in the breast. The goal of this study was to evaluate the logistics and limitations of MR-guided FNA using a prototype breast localization coil. MR-guided FNAs were attempted on 18 lesions (detected on mammography and/or palpation) in 16 patients. Patients were prone with their compressed mediolaterally between two plates in a circularly polarized RF coil. Lesion position was determined by reference to fiducial makers that corresponded to a grid of holes placed at 5 mm intervals in compression plate. FNA was performed with a 22G non-ferromagnetic needle. FNA was successful for 11 of 18 lesions (61%). Of the seven unsuccessful cases, there were four in which the lesions were too posteriorly placed to be accessed through the compression plate by the needle. Three cases were too anteriorly placed to be effectively immobilized and, although successfully localized, were insufficiently sampled by the FNA technique. MR-guided FNA is possible using a prototype breast localization device in a select group of patients. Current coil design limits its use in performing MR-guided FNA on the most anteriorly and posteriorly placed breast lesions. Unique requirements of FNA under MR guidance as compared to needle localization and biopsy have been identified. Modifications in localization hardware and cytology aspiration needles should overcome these restrictions. 15 refs., 3 figs.

  14. Intranuclear Pseudo-inclusions and Grooves in Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Pulmonary Carcinoid Tumor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mokhtari, Maral; Kumar, Perikala Vijayananda

    2016-02-01

    Cytologic findings of pulmonary carcinoid have been well described. We report new cytological findings in a case of carcinoid tumor. The patient is a 36-year-old man presenting with hemoptysis of about six months in duration. Chest CT scans showed a well-defined round polypoid lesion measuring 1 × 1 cm within the right upper lobe of the bronchus with hyperinflation of the right upper lobe. Trans-bronchial fine needle aspiration and biopsy were done. Cytologic smears showed isolated and loose clusters of uniform round to spindle shape cells with round centrally located nuclei, fine granular (salt and pepper) chromatin and pale cytoplasm. Intranuclear pseudo-inclusions and grooves were seen in some tumor cells. No mitotic figures or necrosis were evident. A cytological diagnosis of carcinoid tumor was made and histopathologic examination and subsequent immunohistochemical study confirmed the diagnosis. Carcinoid tumor may be reliably diagnosed on fine needle aspiration cytology smears. Intranuclear pseudo-inclusions and grooves may be evident in tumor cells. PMID:26838088

  15. Diagnostic assessment of enlarged superficial lymph nodes by fine needle aspiration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilotti, S; Di Palma, S; Alasio, L; Bartoli, C; Rilke, F

    1993-01-01

    Two hundred eighty-five consecutive outpatients with enlarged superficial lymph node either clinically suspicious (152) or with a previous diagnosis of a malignant tumor (133) underwent fine needle aspiration (FNA) followed by excisional biopsy. Cytologic and/or cytologic-immunophenotypic diagnoses made on direct smears were compared with subsequent histologic findings. The comparison demonstrated (1) a high rate of conclusive cytologic diagnoses in the assessment of metastatic malignancies, with an overall accuracy rate of 99.1% and a typing accuracy rate of 96.5%; (2) a high rate of conclusive diagnoses in the assessment of high grade non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and Hodgkin's disease, with the exception of the lymphocytic predominance variant of the latter; and (3) significant limitations in the assessment of low grade non-Hodgkin's lymphomas because of the high rate of false-negative diagnoses in cases with a substantial nonmalignant cell component. This was particularly evident in follicular centroblastic-centrocytic lymphomas. Immunocytochemistry appeared to be of limited value in the distinction between centroblastic-centrocytic follicular lymphomas and reactive follicular hyperplasia. The results confirmed the diagnostic value of fine needle aspiration as the first step in the workup of patients with nodal enlargement suspicious for malignancy. In the area of low grade non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, morphologic and immunocytochemical methods need to be supplemented by molecular techniques in order to achieve conclusive diagnoses.

  16. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous renal biopsy with an automated biopsy gun in diffuse renal disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Ji Yang; Moon, Jeoung Mi; Park, Ji Hyun; Kwon, Jae Soo; Song, Ik Hoon; Kim, Sung Rok [Masan Koryo General Hospital, Masan (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-12-15

    We evaluated the effectiveness and clinical usefulness of percutaneous renal biopsy by using automated biopsy gun under the real-time ultrasonographic guidance that was performed in 17 patients with diffuse renal disease. We retrospectively analysed the histopathological diagnosis and the patients' status after percutaneous renal biopsy.Adequate amount of tissue for the histologic diagnosis could be obtained in al patients. Histopathologic diagnosis included the minimal change nephrotic syndrome in 6 patients, the membrano proliferative glomerulonephritis in 4,the membranous glomerulonephritis in 2, the glomerulosclerosis in 2, Ig A nephropathy in 2, and the normal finding in 1. Significant complication occurred in only one patient who developed a transient loss of sensation at and around the biopsy site. In conclusion, automated biopsy gun was a very useful device in performing percutaneous biopsy for diffuse renal disease with a high success rate and a low complication rate

  17. Testicular biopsy: clinical practice and interpretation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gert R Dohle; Saad Elzanaty; Niels J van Casteren

    2012-01-01

    Testicular biopsy was considered the cornerstone of male infertility diagnosis for many years in men with unexplained infertility and azoospermia.Recent guidelines for male infertility have limited the indications for a diagnostic testicular biopsy to the confirmation ofobstructive azoospermia in men with normal size testes and normal reproductive hormones.Nowadays,testicular biopsies are mainly performed for sperm harvesting in men with non-obstructive azoospermia,to be used for intracytoplasmic sperm injection.Testicular biopsy is also performed in men with risk factors for testicular malignancy.In a subgroup of infertile men,there is an increased risk for carcinoma in situ of the testis,especially in men with a history of cryptorchidism and testicular malignancy and in men with testicular atrophy.Ultrasonographic abnormalities,such as testicular microlithiasis,inhomogeneous parenchyma and lesions of the testes,further increase the risk of carcinoma in situ (CIS) in these men.For an accurate histological classification,proper tissue handling,fixation,preparation of the specimen and evaluation are needed.A standardized approach to testicular biopsy is recommended.In addition,approaches to the detection of CIS of the testis testicular immunohistochemistry are mandatory.In this mini-review,we describe the current indications for testicular biopsies in the diagnosis and management of male infertility.

  18. Minimal-invasive core needle biopsy of head and neck malignancies: Clinical evaluation for radiation oncology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background and purpose: Neck masses are common presentations of cancer and require tissue sampling to establish a diagnosis prior to the institution of adequate therapy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the specific use and potential advantages of core needle biopsy (CNB) for radiation oncology in the head and neck. Materials and methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of 346 CNB procedures implemented in 165 patients with cervicofacial masses over a period of 56 months. Seventy-three patients had a history of malignancy, 43 had previously received radiation. Results: High-quality tissue cores were obtained from all patients. The target lesion was correctly sampled in 92.1% of patients. Final diagnosis was malignant in 115 patients, of whom 78 received radiotherapy. One biopsy result was false-negative. CNB was equally successful in the pre-irradiated patients and enabled institution of therapy in 92.3% of lymphoma patients. Conclusions: CNB is an efficient tool for tissue sampling of head and neck masses. The potential advantages of CNB for radiation oncology over fine needle aspiration and open surgical biopsy are discussed. CNB enables clinicians to make optimal therapeutic strategies and facilitates prompt referral to the relevant clinical team, both at initial presentation and during follow-up

  19. Successful mucosal incision-assisted biopsy for the histological diagnosis of duodenal lymphoma: A case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    MORISHITA, ASAHIRO; MORI, HIROHITO; KOBARA, HIDEKI; NISHIYAMA, NORIKO; FUJIHARA, SHINTARO; YACHIDA, TATSUO; AYAKI, MAKI; MATSUNAGA, TAE; SAKAMOTO, TEPPEI; MAEDA, EMIKO; NOMURA, TAKAKO; TANI, JOJI; MIYOSHI, HISAAKI; YONEYAMA, HIROHITO; HIMOTO, TAKASHI; KAGAWA, SEIKO; HABA, REIJI; MASAKI, TSUTOMU

    2016-01-01

    Tissue sampling of primary duodenal lymphoma is essential for its histological diagnosis. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA), which is frequently used for submucosal tumor (SMT)-like duodenal tumors, is adequate for cytological diagnosis, but not for histological diagnosis. Therefore, in the present study, a mucosal incision-assisted biopsy (MIAB) was performed in an 81-year-old woman for the diagnosis of an SMT-like duodenal mass, as tissue sampling for histological analysis using a regular endoscopic biopsy had failed to establish a definite diagnosis of malignant lymphoma. EUS-FNA had also led to poor tissue sampling due to the difficult location of the duodenal tumor. The pathological examination of biopsy samples using MIAB revealed the presence of a diffuse proliferation of atypical lymphocytes, and the expression of cluster of differentiation (CD)20 and CD79a, but no expression of CD3 in the tumor specimens. The patient was diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. To the best of knowledge, this is first report of a case using MIAB as a sampling method for the histological diagnosis of SMT-like primary duodenal lymphoma. This case suggests that MIAB may be an essential method for obtaining tissue samples from SMT-like duodenal tumors. PMID:26870243

  20. Efficacy of video assisted thoracoscopic lung biopsy: an historical comparison with open lung biopsy.

    OpenAIRE

    Carnochan, F. M.; Walker, W. S.; Cameron, E W

    1994-01-01

    BACKGROUND--Video assisted thoracoscopic lung biopsies were compared with historical controls undergoing open lung biopsy to determine the diagnostic accuracy, effect on length of postoperative stay, and cost effectiveness of the new thoracoscopic technique. METHODS--The first 25 video assisted thoracoscopic lung biopsies performed in the Edinburgh Thoracic Unit were compared with 25 historical controls for complications, diagnostic accuracy, and length of postoperative stay. RESULTS--Statist...

  1. Measurement of membrane elasticity by micro-pipette aspiration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Jonas Rosager; Ipsen, John H.

    2004-01-01

    The classical micro-pipette aspiration technique, applied for measuring the membrane bending elasticity, is in the present work reviewed and extended to span the range of pipette aspiration pressures going through the °accid (low pressures) to tense (high pressures) membrane regime. The quality...

  2. Sociological Theory and Youth Aspiration Research: A Critical Overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picou, J. Steven; Wells, Richard H.

    Reviewing sociological theories relative to youth aspiration research, the following thesis was presented: "pre-path analysis aspiration research was characterized by a person-centered, middle-range functionalist approach which eventually shifted to a person-centered, functionalist-system approach with the introduction of the path model…

  3. Study of Educational Aspirations of Preparatory School Students in Yemen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edington, Everett D.

    To identify causes for low enrollment in secondary agricultural schools in Yemen, the United States Agency for International Development and the Yemen Ministry of Education surveyed 990 preparatory (junior high) students, examining their educational aspirations, differences between rural and urban youth, major influences on student aspirations,…

  4. Rural Aspirations, Rural Futures: From "Problem" to Possibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tieken, Mara Casey; San Antonio, Donna M.

    2016-01-01

    Young people aspire, make choices, and develop within a particular place and historical context. Recently, federal and state governments, policy and research institutes, and advocacy organizations have shown a growing interest in the aspirations and transitions of rural youth--and, in particular, the role that schools play in shaping and…

  5. Thrombus Aspiration during ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

    OpenAIRE

    Fröbert, Ole; Lagerqvist, Bo; Olivecrona, Göran; Omerovic, Elmir; Gudnason, Thorarinn; Maeng, Michael; Aasa, Mikael; Angerås, Oskar; Calais, Fredrik; Danielewicz, Mikael; Erlinge, David; Hellsten, Lars; Jensen, Ulf; Johansson, Agneta C; Kåregren, Amra

    2013-01-01

    Background The clinical effect of routine intracoronary thrombus aspiration before primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is uncertain. We aimed to evaluate whether thrombus aspiration reduces mortality. Methods We conducted a multicenter, prospective, randomized, controlled, open-label clinical trial, with enrollment of patients from the national comprehensive Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry (...

  6. Efficiency and Power Consumption of Aspiration Systems at Woodworking Plants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. I. Diachek

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes present state of the equipment and organization of aspiration at wood-working shops. Proposals pertaining to higher efficiency and reduction of power intensity of aspiration systems are given in the paper. Materials presented at the stage of designing make it possible to select a rational system scheme and reduce power expenditure at woodworking industry.

  7. A Comparison of Endoscopic Ultrasound Guided Biopsy and Positron Emission Tomography with Integrated Computed Tomography in Lung Cancer Staging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Stine Schmidt; Vilmann, P; Krasnik, K;

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Exact staging of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is important to improve selection of resectable and curable patients for surgery. Positron emission tomography with integrated computed tomography (PET/CT) and endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle...... aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNA) are new and promising methods, but indications in lung cancer staging are controversial. Only few studies have compared the 2 methods. The aim of this study was to assess and compare the diagnostic values of PET/CT and EUS-FNA for diagnosing advanced lung cancer in patients, who...

  8. A comparison of endoscopic ultrasound guided biopsy and positron emission tomography with integrated computed tomography in lung cancer staging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, S S; Vilmann, P; Krasnik, K;

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Exact staging of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is important to improve selection of resectable and curable patients for surgery. Positron emission tomography with integrated computed tomography (PET/CT) and endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle...... aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNA) are new and promising methods, but indications in lung cancer staging are controversial. Only few studies have compared the 2 methods. The aim of this study was to assess and compare the diagnostic values of PET/CT and EUS-FNA for diagnosing advanced lung cancer in patients, who...

  9. Effectiveness and limitations of core needle biopsy in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules: review of current literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Jung Hyun; Kim, Eun-Kyung; Kwak, Jin Young; Moon, Hee Jung

    2015-05-01

    Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is currently accepted as an easy, safe, and reliable tool for the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Nonetheless, a proportion of FNA samples are categorized into non-diagnostic or indeterminate cytology, which frustrates both the clinician and patient. To overcome this limitation of FNA, core needle biopsy (CNB) of the thyroid has been proposed as an additional diagnostic method for more accurate and decisive diagnosis for thyroid nodules of concern. In this review, we focus on the effectiveness and limitations of CNB, and what factors should be considered when CNB is utilized in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. PMID:26018514

  10. Aspiration lung disorders in bovines: A case report and review

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    Anthony S. Shakespeare

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Lung aspiration disorders in bovines are invariably diagnosed as infectious aspiration pneumonias. There is a distinct differentiation between aspiration pneumonia and aspiration pneumonitis in humans that can be applied to bovines. The nature and quantity of the aspirate can result in differing pathogeneses which can require differing therapeutic approaches. Whilst blood gases were important in detecting and prognosticating lung problems, changes in barometric pressure with altitude have to be considered when interpreting partial pressures of oxygen. Anatomical differences in the lungs of bovines can explain why this species is more prone to certain pneumonic problems. Pulmonary physiotherapy is important in treating lung disorders in humans and should be considered as an adjunct therapy in bovine respiratory conditions. A case work-up was used to highlight some of the points discussed in this article.

  11. Cytologic and histopathologic results of euthyroid patients with multinodular goiter: Comparison with ultrasonographic features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramazan Büyükkaya

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB is thegold standard in the management of thyroid nodules andspecimen should be obtained from dominant nodule. Inour study, we aimed to compare the FNAB and histopathologyresults of dominant and non-dominant nodulesand to evaluate the association between nodule size andhistopathology results in patients with MNG.Materials and methods: Between 2009 and 2010, 197cases who had diagnosed MNG were analyzed. Thesecases were performed FNAB from both dominant noduleand non-dominant nodule. 26 patients with inadequatecytological results were excluded and 171 cases were includedin the analysis. Malignant ultrasonographic (USfeatures were defined as showing marked hypoechogenicity,microcalcifications, solid structure and not havingperipheral halo.Results: No statistically significant difference was observedbetween malign cytology and suspected cytologyratios of dominant nodules and non-dominant nodules(p=0.083. Malignancy rates were higher at dominantnodules not having peripheral halo and non-dominantnodules including microcalcification at US. Also statisticallysignificant difference was not observed (p=0.485between malign histopathology rates of dominant andnon-dominant nodules after surgery.Conclusions: According to cytological and histopathologicalresults of patients with MNG, there was no significantdifference between the malignancy ratio of dominantand non-dominant nodules. There is no obvious correlationbetween malignancy and nodule size in patients withMNG. We think that FNAB obtained not from only dominantnodules but also nodules with suspicious featuresof malignancy is necessary for most accurate diagnosis.

  12. Biopsy follow-up in patients with isolated atypical small acinar proliferation (ASAP in prostate biopsy

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    Luca Leone

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The incidence of prostate cancer (PCA was evaluated in 155 patients with isolated Atypical Small Acinar Proliferation (ASAP found on initial prostate biopsy, after a medium-term follow-up (40 months with at least one re-biopsy. Clinical and histological data were analysed. Cancer was detected in 81 of 155 (52.3%. The cancer detection rate was 71.6%, 91.3%, 97.5%, 100% at the 1st re-biopsy, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th rebiopsy respectively. At the uni- and multivariate analyses, prostate volume (≤ 30 cc, transition zone volume (≤ 10 cc, small core length at the initial biopsy (≤ 10 mm and few number of cores at initial biopsy (≤ 8 are predictive of cancer. Furthermore, tumour characteristics on the whole surgical specimens was assessed in 30 men: 13 of 30 (43 % had clinically relevant cancer (volume > 0.5 ml or/and Gleason score ≥ 7, or pT3. Most of relevant cancers were detected in the distal apex, anterior gland and midline. These anatomical sites could be under-sampled at the initial biopsy using the transrectal approach. Our data suggest that follow-up biopsy is recommended in all cases of isolated ASAP detected after biopsy using endfire transrectal probe. The re-biopsy strategy should increase the number of cores (or a saturation biopsy, focusing on area of ASAP in the initial biopsy, but also including the under-sampled areas (anterior gland, distal apex and midline to detect clinically relevant cancers.

  13. Pleomorphic Adenoma of the Breast: A Diagnosis Using an Ultrasound-Guided Core-Needle Biopsy Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, In Wha; Yun, Jung Hyun; Kim, Tae Heon; Lee, Kyung Po; Jung, Hea Kyung; Ko, Kyung Hee; Lee, Jong Tae [CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, College of Medicine, Seongnam (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-08-15

    Pleomorphic adenoma is a tumor rarely seen in the breast. To date, only about 70 cases have been reported in the literature. Many reports have used fine-needle aspiration biopsy in the preoperative diagnosis of these lesions. However, pleomorphic adenoma is sometimes mistaken for a malignant tumor because of its cytologic features. In this study, we present a 56-year-old woman with a palpable breast mass. Ultrasound indicated a 15 mm oval-shaped hypoechoic mass with complex echogenicity in the palpable region. Ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (US-CNB) revealed a pleomorphic adenoma of the breast, which was confirmed through surgical excision. Although pleomorphic adenoma is rarely seen in the breast, results demonstrate the usefulness and accuracy of US-CNB in diagnosing pleomorphic adenoma of the breast.

  14. Pleomorphic Adenoma of the Breast: A Diagnosis Using an Ultrasound-Guided Core-Needle Biopsy Case Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pleomorphic adenoma is a tumor rarely seen in the breast. To date, only about 70 cases have been reported in the literature. Many reports have used fine-needle aspiration biopsy in the preoperative diagnosis of these lesions. However, pleomorphic adenoma is sometimes mistaken for a malignant tumor because of its cytologic features. In this study, we present a 56-year-old woman with a palpable breast mass. Ultrasound indicated a 15 mm oval-shaped hypoechoic mass with complex echogenicity in the palpable region. Ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (US-CNB) revealed a pleomorphic adenoma of the breast, which was confirmed through surgical excision. Although pleomorphic adenoma is rarely seen in the breast, results demonstrate the usefulness and accuracy of US-CNB in diagnosing pleomorphic adenoma of the breast.

  15. BRMS1 and Cx43 expression in fine needle aspiration thyroid cancer tissue and their correlation with tumor malignancy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-Guo Sheng; Bin Wang; Zong-Ping Diao; Kun-Kun Cao; Sai Zhang; Zheng-Guo Pu

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To study the BRMS1 and Cx43 expression in fine needle aspiration thyroid cancer tissue and their correlation with tumor malignancy.Methods:Patients undergoing thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy in our hospital from April 2012 to October 2015 were selected for study, 60 patients with thyroid cancer and 60 patients with benign thyroid tumor were screened after pathological diagnosis, biopsy tissue was collected to determine the expression of BRMS1 and Cx43, and serum specimens were collected to determin Gal-3, CEACAM1, MMP2 and MMP9 content.Results: mRNA levels and positive expression rate of BRMS1 andCx43in thyroid cancer tissue were significantly lower than those in benign thyroid tumor tissue; mRNA levels ofBRMS1andCx43in thyroid cancer tissue with different pathological types and tumor diameters were not different, mRNA level ofCx43in thyroid cancer tissue with TNM III-IV stage was significantly lower than that in thyroid cancer tissue with TNM I-II stage, mRNA levels ofBRMS1 in thyroid cancer tissue with different TNM stages were not different, and mRNA levels ofBRMS1andCx43in thyroid carcinoma tissue with lymph node metastasis were significantly lower than those in thyroid carcinoma tissue without lymph node metastasis; serum Gal-3, CEACAM1, MMP2 and MMP9 levels in patients with positive BRMS1 and Cx43 expression in thyroid cancer tissue were significantly lower than those in patients with negative BRMS1 and Cx43 expression in thyroid cancer tissue.Conclusions:Lower expression of BRMS1 and Cx43 in fine needle aspiration thyroid cancer tissue is associated with the distant metastasis and malignant degree of tumor, and lower expression of Cx43 is also associated with the growth of tumor and cancer cell proliferation.

  16. Fine needle aspiration cytology of bone tumours- the experience from the National Orthopaedic and Lagos University Teaching Hospitals, Lagos, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nnodu Obiageli E

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Due to difficulty in confirming clinical suspicions of malignancy in patients presenting with bone tumours, the cost of surgical biopsies where hospital charges are borne almost entirely by patients, competition with bone setters and healing homes with high rate of loss to follow up; we set out to find if sufficient material could be obtained to arrive at reliable tissue diagnosis in patients with clinical and radiological evidence of bone tumours in our hospitals. Methods After initial clinical and plain radiographic examinations, patients were sent for fine needle aspirations. Aspirations were carried out with size 23G needles of varying lengths with 10 ml syringes in a syringe holder (CAMECO, Sebre Medical, Vellinge, Sweden. The aspirates were air dried, stained by the MGG method and examined microscopically. Histology was performed on patients who had subsequent surgical biopsy. These were then correlated with the cytology reports. Results Out of 96 patients evaluated, [57 males, 39 females, Mean age 31.52 years, Age Range 4–76 years,] material sufficient for diagnosis was obtained in 90 patients. Cytological diagnosis of benign lesions was made in 40 patients and malignant in 47. Of these, 27 were metastases, osteogenic sarcoma 16, giant cell tumour 19, infection 11. Histology was obtained in 41 patients. Correct diagnosis of benignity was made in 17 out of 18 cases, malignancy in 21 out of 22 cases. One non-diagnostic case was malignant. The accuracy of specific cytological diagnosis was 36/41 (87.8% and incorrect in 5/41 (12.2%. Conclusion We conclude that FNAC can be useful in the pre-operative assessment of bone tumours especially where other diagnostic modalities are unavailable.

  17. Detection of Female Genital Tuberculosis by using Endo-Ovarian Tissue Biopsy - See more at: http://sciencebeingjournal.com/octa-journal-biosciences/detection-female-genital-tuberculosis-using-endo-ovarian-tissue-biopsy#sthash.Z5J55goq.dpuf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venkanna Bhanothu

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Female genital tuberculosis is a symptomless disease accidentally revealed during inquiry for infertility. Inefficacy of costly tests and negligence have intended for underestimation of the disease. Therefore we have chosen to reevaluate the role of conventional and genotypic methods in the detection of female genital tuberculosis by using endometrial tissue biopsy, ovarian tissue biopsy and pelvic aspirated fluids taken as samples from infertile women during hysteroscopy or laparoscopy. It is a prospective case-control study. Premenstrual endometrial tissue biopsy, ovarian tissue biopsy and pelvic aspirated fluids were collected from 202 infertile women suspected of having genital tuberculosis on laparoscopic examination and from 100 normal women of reproductive age, suspected of having genital tuberculosis. All patients were subjected to laboratory examinations by the conventional/ phenotypic methods to compare with multi gene/ multi-primer based PCR method using four set of primers for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a single tube reaction. The conventional methods had 99% to 100% specificity with a low sensitivity, ranging from 21.78% to 42.08% while H & E staining had a sensitivity of 51.48%. In comparison, multi-gene PCR method was found to have a much higher sensitivity of 42.57% with MTB64 gene, 86.13% with TRC4 element, 99.01% with 19kDa antigen (131bp and 100% with MPT59 α-antigen/32kDa protein (506bp gene. The specificity of multi gene PCR was 100%. In conclusions, since 32kDa protein is encoded by Mycobacterium genus specific gene, we suggest 19kDa antigen in combination with TRC4 element could be a successful multi-gene/multi-primer PCR method in the diagnosis of FGTB

  18. Pulmonary actinomycosis in fine needle aspiration cytology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patel Keyuri

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Pulmonary actinomycosis is a rare bacterial lung disease caused by one of two types of bacteria, Actinomyces or Propioni. Pulmonary actinomycosis in the lung causes lung cavities, lung nodules, and pleural effusion. We report here a case of pulmonary actinomycosis that was diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC. A 45 year-old male with a history of smoking and alcohol abuse, presented with complaints of cough with hemoptysis, right-sided chest pain, and fever of two months′ duration. A chest radiograph and computed tomography (CT of the thorax showed a right upper lobe mass lesion with hilar lymphadenopathy. CT-guided FNAC revealed colonies of Actinomyces surrounded by polymorphs. The disease is commonly confused with other chronic suppurative lung diseases and malignancy. An early diagnosis by FNAC prevents difficulties in the management of the disease, as well as considerable physiological and physical morbidity, including unwarranted surgery.

  19. Evaluation of a Biopsy Gun for Guided Biopsy of Impalpable Liver Lesions Using Intraoperative Utrasound

    OpenAIRE

    Charnley, R. M.; Sheffield, J P; Hardcastle, J. D.

    1990-01-01

    A biopsy gun which can be operated by one hand has been evaluated at post-mortem to determine its accuracy in biopsying impalpable lesions within the liver under intraoperative ultrasound control. Of 20 impalpable metastases identified positive histology was obtained in 90% demonstrating that this technique is of value in identifying and localising metastases in the liver.

  20. Secondary B-cell lymphoma diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration cytology and flow cytometry following penile carcinoma: A case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    WANG, HUAN; QIU, LIAN-NV; WU, MAO; CHEN, WAN-YUAN; REN, LI-GANG; HE, XIANG-LEI; ZHOU, YONG-LIE

    2016-01-01

    The number of studies reporting lymphoma as a secondary tumor has gradually increased. However, few studies have reported that occurrence of lymphoma as a secondary tumor following treatment for penile carcinoma, particularly cases in which the lymphoma was diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration cytology and flow cytometry. The present study reports the case of a 62-year-old male patient who was troubled with frequent urination and repeated chest tightness for 5 years. The diagnosis upon admission was penile carcinoma. Two months subsequent to the tumor removal surgery, enlarged lymph nodes were extracted from the patient using fine-needle biopsy, to be analyzed using light microscopy and flow cytometry. Smear results indicated a large number of abnormal cells scattered in the right axillary lymph node. Flow cytometry immunophenotyping of fine-needle aspiration samples indicated the increased expression of cluster of differentiation (CD)79a, CD19, CD20, CD38, κ chain and human leukocyte antigen-DR, which supported a diagnosis of B-cell lymphoma. Thus, the patient was diagnosed with B-cell lymphoma based on the results of the fine-needle aspiration biopsy and flow cytometry. The method of diagnosis and causes of therapy-related leukemia are discussed in the present report. PMID:27073496

  1. Oral biopsy: Oral pathologist′s perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K L Kumaraswamy

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Many oral lesions may need to be diagnosed by removing a sample of tissue from the oral cavity. Biopsy is widely used in the medical field, but the practice is not quite widespread in dental practice. As oral pathologists, we have found many artifacts in the tissue specimen because of poor biopsy technique or handling, which has led to diagnostic pitfalls and misery to both the patient and the clinician. This article aims at alerting the clinicians about the clinical faults arising preoperatively, intraoperatively and postoperatively while dealing with oral biopsy that may affect the histological assessment of the tissue and, therefore, the diagnosis. It also reviews the different techniques, precautions and special considerations necessary for specific lesions.

  2. Muscle biopsy findings in inflammatory myopathies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalakas, Marinos C

    2002-11-01

    The inflammatory myopathies encompass a heterogeneous group of acquired muscle diseases characterized clinically, by muscle weakness, and histologically, by inflammatory infiltrates within the skeletal muscles. The group of these myopathies comprise three major and discrete subsets: polymyositis (PM), dermatomyositis (DM), and inclusion body myositis (IBM). Each subset retains its characteristic clinical, immunopathologic, and morphologic features regardless of whether it occurs separately or in connection with other systemic diseases. Although the diagnosis of these disorders is based on the combination of clinical examination, electromyographic data, serum muscle enzyme levels, various autoantibodies, and the muscle biopsy findings, the muscle biopsy offers the most definitive diagnostic information in the majority of the cases. This article summarizes the main histologic features that characterize PM, DM, or IBM and emphasizes the main pitfalls associated with interpretation of the biopsies.

  3. Renal Biopsy in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Espinel

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The majority of diabetic patients with renal involvement are not biopsied. Studies evaluating histological findings in renal biopsies performed in diabetic patients have shown that approximately one third of the cases will show pure diabetic nephropathy, one third a non-diabetic condition and another third will show diabetic nephropathy with a superimposed disease. Early diagnosis of treatable non-diabetic diseases in diabetic patients is important to ameliorate renal prognosis. The publication of the International Consensus Document for the classification of type 1 and type 2 diabetes has provided common criteria for the classification of diabetic nephropathy and its utility to stratify risk for renal failure has already been demonstrated in different retrospective studies. The availability of new drugs with the potential to modify the natural history of diabetic nephropathy has raised the question whether renal biopsies may allow a better design of clinical trials aimed to delay the progression of chronic kidney disease in diabetic patients.

  4. Proteins and carbohydrates in nipple aspirate fluid predict the presence of atypia and cancer in women requiring diagnostic breast biopsy

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    Qin Wenyi

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Herein we present the results of two related investigations. The first study determined if concentrations in breast nipple discharge (ND of two proteins (urinary plasminogen activator, uPA and its inhibitor, PAI-1 predicted the presence of breast atypia and cancer in pre- and/or postmenopausal women requiring surgery because of a suspicious breast lesion. The second study assessed if these proteins increased the predictive ability of a carbohydrate (Thomsen Friedenreich, TF which we previously demonstrated predicted the presence of disease in postmenopausal women requiring surgery. Methods In the first study we prospectively enrolled 79 participants from whom we collected ND, measured uPA and PAI-1 and correlated expression with pathologic findings. In the second study we analyzed 35 (uPA and PAI-1 in 24, uPA in an additional 11 ND samples collected from different participants requiring breast surgery, all of whom also had TF results. Results uPA expression was higher in pre- and PAI-1 in postmenopausal women with 1 cancer (DCIS or invasive vs. either no cancer (atypia or benign pathology, p = .018 and .025, respectively, or benign pathology (p = .017 and .033, respectively; and 2 abnormal (atypia or cancer versus benign pathology (p = .018 and .052, respectively. High uPA and PAI-1 concentrations and age were independent predictors of disease in premenopausal women, with an area under the curve (AUC of 83-87% when comparing diseased vs. benign pathology. uPA, TF, and age correctly classified 35 pre- and postmenopausal women as having disease or not 84-91% of the time, whereas combining uPA+PAI-1+TF correctly classified 24 women 97-100% of the time. Conclusions uPA and PAI-1 concentrations in ND were higher in women with atypia and cancer compared to women with benign disease. Combining uPA, PAI-1 and TF in the assessment of women requiring diagnostic breast surgery maximized disease prediction. The assessment of these markers may prove useful in early breast cancer detection.

  5. Diagnostic accuracy of percutaneous cytodiagnosis of hepatic masses, by ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration cytology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy, usefulness and limitations of ultrasound guided FNAC of hepatic masses. Design: Cross - sectional analytical (comparative study). Place and Duration: Department of histopathology, Sheikh Zayed Hospital, Lahore. Study period 1 year. Material and Methods: A total of 32 patients with solitary or multiple hepatic masses underwent FNAC from March 1999 to March 2000. Adequate aspirates were obtained in all these cases. Smears were stained with May-Grunwald Giemsa, Haematoxylin and Eosin and Papanicolaou stain. Needle biopsies from the same cases were also obtained and processed. These were stained with routine Haematoxylin and Eosin staining. The blood clots obtained during FNAC were fixed in 10% neu-tral buffered formalin. The histopathology of these blood clots was used for cases whose needle core biopsy was not available. The screened FNAC smears were divided into 3 categories i.e., benign (group - I), malignant (group - II), non-neoplastic / inflammatory lesions (including cysts and abscesses) (group - III). Results: Out of 32 cases, 6 were categorized as benign, 18 as malignant, and 8 as non-neoplastic inflammatory lesions. Three false negative diagnoses, including 1 for malignant tumour and 2 for benign tumours was obtained. There was 1 false positive diagnosis for malignancy. FNAC - histological correlation showed a 94.2% sensitivity and 92.3% diagnostic accuracy for malignant tumours, while benign tumours posed maximum diagnostic problems, giving a 66.67% sensitivity and 85.7% diagnostic accuracy. FNAC picked up correctly all the non-neoplastic lesions giving a 100% sensitivity and diagnostic accuracy. Conclusion: Majority of the malignant tumours can be categorized on FNAC, with a high degree of accuracy, while benign tumours should be subjected to biopsy, as there is a relatively greater possibility of false negative diagnosis. (author)

  6. Pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents: prevention and prophylaxis

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    Aloka Samantaray

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents is one of the most fatal complications not only in the scenario of an operating room but also in critically ill patients, who have an increased risk for silently aspirating oropharyngeal secretions and regurgitated gastric contents. Prevention is the key to avoid this feared event. Strict adherence to guidelines regarding fasting in the preoperative period, avoidance of residual muscle paralysis and early return of protective airway reflexes by carefully choosing appropriate anaesthetic agents are corner stones of safe anaesthetic practice. Routine preoperative pharmacoprophylaxis to reduce gastric acidity and volume is not recommended and tolerance to commonly used histamine 2 receptor antagonists may occur and use of proton-pump inhibitors may be necessary. In the critical care arena small-volume clinically silent aspirations of oropharyngeal secretion are more common and head-of-bed elevation has been identified as the single most important factor which can greatly reduce the risk of aspiration and thereby reduce the incidence of ventilator associated pneumonia. Most of the intensivists favours use a continuous enteral feed and checking of correct placement of feeding tube at regular interval to reduce the frequency of pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents. In this review we summarise the pathophysiologic mechanism and predisposing factors to pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents. We will also present evidence for and rationale behind the practices adopted in critical care area and operation theatre setup to prevent aspiration.

  7. Multi-dimension Aspiration Control Mode in Phacoemulsification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiangqun Wang; Mingguang He; Junwen Zeng

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: Multi-dimension aspiration control mode was put forward in this study.Accuracy of multi-dimension aspiration control model was compared to simple traditional pedal control model.Methods: Induced by high aspiration pressure (200~250 mmHg), hard nucleus (≥Grade Ⅲ ) of senile cataract was chopped before phacoemulsification in 170 patients (174 eyes). Ninety-one patients (94 eyes) accepted multi-dimension aspiration control model in which aspiration direction, distance and targets prevention were adjusted by phaco-tip besides traditional pedal control. Another 79 patients (80 eyes) were compared as reviewed group, aspiration of which was controlled simply by traditional pedal control. Postcapsular rupture rates (PCRR) were compared between two groups.Results: Multi-dimension control model could make the terminal effects cooperate with phacoemulsification more precisely and protect post capsular from damage (x2 =5.41, P < 0.02).Conclusion: Multi-dimension control model could improve the accuracy of aspiration effects and protect postcapsular from damage.

  8. Guided fine needle absorption biopsy in the diagnosis of cysts in maritime workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartelik, W; Jaremin, B; Smolińska, D; Głombiowski, P

    Cysts in the organs of the abdominal cavity revealed in ultrasonographic examinations in patients with none or with unclear clinical symptoms cause diagnostic and fitness for work assessment problems. The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of ultrasonography of cysts, combined with biochemical, bacteriological, cytological examinations and analysis of markers CEA and AFP of the fluid collected with fine needle aspiration biopsy (FAB). The study material examined were maritime workers who were submitted to these examinations for diagnostic purposes and/or previous to issue of certificate of health for work at sea. Examinations results provided support for usefulness of the method discussed in diagnosis and differentiation of inflammatory and neoplastic processes with simple cysts. This was crucial for final diagnosis, for decision about treatment and recognizing fitness for work at sea. It was concluded that the method FAB is safe both in hospital as well as in ambulatory conditions. PMID:7580347

  9. Pleuroscopic punch biopsy using insulated-tip diathermic knife-2 for the diagnosis of desmoplastic malignant mesothelioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masai, Kyohei; Sasada, Shinji; Izumo, Takehiro; Taniyama, Tomoko; Nakamura, Yukiko; Chavez, Christine; Sakurai, Hiroyuki; Tsuta, Koji; Tsuchida, Takaaki

    2013-10-01

    Desmoplastic malignant mesothelioma (DMM) is a rare subtype of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) and is often difficult to distinguish from pleural fibrosis and reactive mesothelial hyperplasia, especially if the biopsy samples are small. We performed full-thickness pleural biopsy on a lesion suspected to be DMM using an insulated-tip diathermic knife-2 (IT knife-2) during flex-rigid pleuroscopy. IT knife-2 is a novel electrosurgical device for endoscopic submucosal dissection in the early gastrointestinal cancer. It consists of a needle knife with 3 short blades at the distal end attached to an insulated ceramic tip. A 54-year-old man presenting with chest wall mass and thickened pleura, in whom a computed tomography-guided percutaneous needle aspiration had remained negative, underwent flex-rigid pleuroscopy for definitive diagnosis. While applying electric current, we used the IT knife-2 to incise the pleura in a circular shape just above the endothoracic fascia. The incised pleura was removed by forceps and examined pathologically. The microscopic examination was compatible with DMM. We discovered that pleuroscopic punch biopsy using IT knife-2 can diagnose DMM. Use of IT knife-2 during flex-rigid pleuroscopy can obtain sufficient samples from densely thickened pleura, which is difficult to diagnose with small biopsies. PMID:24162121

  10. Micropipette aspiration of an inflated fluid-filled spherical membrane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sohail, Touqeer; Tang, Tian; Nadler, Ben

    2012-08-01

    The micropipette technique has been widely used to determine the mechanical response of living cells. Cell is a complex structure and has highly nonlinear behavior when aspirated by the micropipette. Different models exist in the literature to determine the physical properties of the cells from the micropipette aspiration. In this work, we model the cell's response during micropipette aspiration using continuum nonlinear membrane theory. The peripheral surface of the cell is modeled as a nonlinear membrane. The membrane is homogenous, isotropic, and of hyper-elastic material. The cytoplasm of the cell is modeled as an incompressible fluid. Our results show good agreement with the experiments reported in the literature.

  11. Pediatric foreign body aspiration: A nidus for Aspergillus colonization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Candace A; Kreiger, Portia; Goff, Christopher; Shah, Udayan K

    2015-06-01

    We describe an immunocompetent child with bronchial fungus following foreign body aspiration. A two-year-old male presented with cough. Workup revealed air trapping and bronchoscopy showed aspirated foreign material in the right mainstem bronchus. Histopathology revealed fungal organisms suggestive of Aspergillus within an ulcer of the adjacent bronchial mucosa. Foreign body aspiration has been posited as a nidus for aspergilloma formation but is not yet described in the available English-language pediatric literature. Here, the foreign body provided a site for fungal growth in the bronchus of an otherwise healthy child. This case suggests that bronchial foreign body may pose risk of fungal colonization even in immunocompetent children.

  12. Cytological diagnosis of angiosarcoma arising in an immunosuppressed patient 6 years after multi-visceral transplantation: a case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xiaowei; Lagana, Stephen M; Poneros, John; Kato, Tomoaki; Remotti, Fabrizio; He, Huangjun; Kaminsky, Dmitry; Hamele-Bena, Diane

    2014-10-01

    Angiosarcoma is a rare and aggressive malignant tumor of soft tissue. It can arise in almost any part of the body, most commonly in the skin and the superficial soft tissue in the head and neck region. Although the etiology of angiosarcoma is unknown, there are several well-known risk factors, such as chronic lymphedema, exposure to radiation, toxins, and foreign bodies. It rarely occurs in transplant patients. Cytological criteria for the diagnosis of angiosarcoma have not been fully established, having been described only in a few cases, mostly fine-needle aspiration biopsies (FNAB). Herein, we present a case of angiosarcoma arising in an immunosuppressed patient status post multi-visceral transplantation and diagnosed by cytology. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of such a case in the English literature. The cytological findings from endoscopic ultrasound-guided FNAB and ascites fluid are discussed. PMID:24574376

  13. Axillary recurrence after sentinel lymph node biopsy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Vegt, B; Doting, MHE; Jager, PL; Wesseling, J; de Vries, J

    2004-01-01

    Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) without further axillary dissection in patients with sentinel node-negative breast carcinoma appears to be a safe procedure to ensure locoregional control. During a median follow-up of 35 months the false-negative rate was 1% in our study population of 185 patients.

  14. Liver biopsy in liver patients with coagulopathy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ott, P.; Gronbaek, H.; Clausen, M.R.;

    2008-01-01

    The risk of severe bleeding after liver biopsy is estimated to be 1:12,000 in patients with near normal coagulation (INR 60 billion /l). Beyond these limits, the risk is higher, but still uncertain. The Danish guidelines require INR > 1.5, platelet count

  15. Endoscopic biopsy: Duodenal ulcer penetrating into liver

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Baybora Kircali; Tülay Saricam; Aysegul Ozakyol; Eser Vardareli

    2005-01-01

    @@ TO THE EDITOR We have read with interest the recent report by E Kayacetin and S Kayacetin of Gastric ulcer penetrating to liver diagnosed by endoscopic biopsy[1] since we diagnosed the duodenal ulcer which penetrated into liver similarly. This is a rather unusual case because of the fifth case in the literature and responding to medical therapy.

  16. Study of prostate biopsy robot system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yong-de; ZHANG Long; ZHAO Yan-jiang; ZHANG Yan-hua

    2009-01-01

    A system for prostate biopsy with robot assistance was proposed. The system consists of Motoman robot, needle insertion mechanism, and control software. A experiment was held with this software, and it proved that the whole system is simple, reliable and good application.

  17. Endobronkial ultralydsskanning af mediastinum med biopsi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siemsen, Mette; Steffensen, Ida E; Iversen, Martin;

    2010-01-01

    Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) is a minimally invasive diagnostic modality, by which it is possible to visualize and do biopsy of structures adjacent to the trachea and the central bronchial system. EBUS is mostly used for staging of lung cancer patients, but EBUS is now used worldwide as a...

  18. Core biopsies of the breast: Diagnostic pitfalls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megha Joshi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The incidence of breast cancer is increasing worldwide. In this review article, the authors compare and contrast the incidence of breast cancer, and the inherent differences in the United States (US and India in screening techniques used for diagnosing breast cancer. In spite of these differences, core biopsies of the breast are common for diagnosis of breast cancer in both countries. The authors describe "Best Practices" in the reporting and processing of core biopsies and in the analysis of estrogen receptor (ER, progesterone receptor (PR, and human epidermal growth factor Receptor 2 (Her2/neu. The pitfalls in the diagnosis of fibroepithelial lesions of the breast on core biopsy are discussed, as also the significance of pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia of the breast (PASH is discussed in core biopsy. In this review, the management and diagnosis of flat epithelial atypia and radiation atypia are elaborated and the use of immunohistochemistry (IHC in papillary lesions, phyllodes tumor, and complex sclerosing lesions (radial scars is illustrated. Rarer lesions such as mucinous and histiocytoid carcinoma are also discussed.

  19. CT Guided Needle Biopsies in Pulmonary Nodules

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nargess Afzali

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available determine the prevalence of pulmonary pathologies"nby CT-guided needle biopsy in pulmonary nodules."nPatients and Methods: We performed CT guided"nneedle biopsy on 78 cases of pulmonary nodules. Lung"nCT scan with a 64-Slice MSCT was done for all patients"nbefore the needle biopsy. All biopsies were performed"nby one experienced interventional radiologist by"nusing a semiautomatic coaxial 18 guage needle. The"nresults were confirmed by two pathologists who were"nunaware of each other's reports. Because of different"npathologic diagnosis two cases were excluded from the"nstudy."nResults: The study population included 43 men and"n33 women with the mean age of 62 years. The mean"nlesion diameter was 22 mm (±7 mm. Thirty-nine"ncases were diagnosed as malignant lesions. Benign"npulmonary conditions were diagnosed in 37 patients."nThe most common malignant lesion was pulmonary"nadenocarcinoma (26%, squamous cell carcinoma"nand bronchoalveolar carcinoma were the next ones."nPulmonary metastasis was seen in three cases and non"nHodgkin lymphoma in three patients. The prevalence"nof adenocarcinoma was not significantly different"nbetween men and women (p value=0.01. The mean age"nof the patients with malignant lesions was 74 years and"n56 years in the others. The difference was significant"n(p=0.05. Tuberculosis was the most common cause of"nbenign lesions (14.4% of all cases, intersitial fibrosis"nand anthracosis were the next most common."nConclusion: Most pulmonary nodules were malignant"nand pulmonary adenocarcinoma was the most"nfrequent. Among benign lesions tuberculosis was the"nmost common."nKeywords: Pulmonary Nodules, Needle Biopsy, CT"nGuide

  20. Correlation between Fine-Needle Aspiration Cytology and Histology for Palpable Breast Masses in a Nigerian Tertiary Health Institution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adetola Olubunmi Daramola

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Management of breast lumps can be challenging in resource poor settings. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC especially when used with cell block can help improve affordability for the patients. Objective. To determine the diagnostic accuracy of FNAC of palpable breast lesions within a 5-year period. Methods. The findings obtained from FNAC of palpable breast lumps seen at the FNAC clinic of our department from January 2007 to December 2011 were retrieved and correlated with findings on histology of excisional biopsies. Results. A total of 1790 patients had FNAC of breast lumps during the 5-year period; 436 of them subsequently had biopsies. Our results compare favourably with the measures of test performance of the UK NHS Breast Screening Programme shown in brackets: absolute sensitivity 95.4% (>70%, complete sensitivity 99.2% (>90%, full specificity 88.9% (>65%, positive predictive value 99.6% (>99%, false-negative rate 0.8% (<4%, false-positive rate 0.4% (<0.5%, inadequate rate 3.2% (<15%, and suspicious rate 10.2% (<15%. Conclusion. Breast FNACs compare very well with histology of excisional biopsies and in experienced hands are extremely useful in the management of breast lumps. Further studies assessing the diagnostic accuracy of FNAC and cell blocks in our setting are recommended.