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Sample records for aspiration biopsy diagnosis

  1. MRI-guided biopsy and fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) in the diagnosis of musculoskeletal lesions

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    Kerimaa, Pekka, E-mail: pekka.kerimaa@ppshp.fi [Department of Radiology, Oulu University Hospital, P.O. Box 50, 90029 OYS (Finland); Marttila, Antti, E-mail: antti.marttila@ppshp.fi [Department of Radiology, Oulu University Hospital, P.O. Box 50, 90029 OYS (Finland); Hyvönen, Pekka, E-mail: pekka.hyvonen@ppshp.fi [Department of Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, P.O. Box 50, 90029 OYS (Finland); Ojala, Risto, E-mail: risto.ojala@ppshp.fi [Department of Radiology, Oulu University Hospital, P.O. Box 50, 90029 OYS (Finland); Lappi-Blanco, Elisa, E-mail: elisa.lappi-blanco@ppshp.fi [Department of Pathology, Oulu University Hospital, P.O. Box 50, 90029 OYS (Finland); Tervonen, Osmo, E-mail: osmo.tervonen@ppshp.fi [Department of Radiology, Oulu University Hospital, P.O. Box 50, 90029 OYS (Finland); Blanco Sequeiros, Roberto, E-mail: roberto.blanco@oulu.fi [Department of Radiology, Oulu University Hospital, P.O. Box 50, 90029 OYS (Finland)

    2013-12-01

    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) guided musculoskeletal biopsy and the value of fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) when combined with histologic biopsy. Materials and methods: A total of 172 biopsies were performed under MRI guidance, 170 were histologic biopsies. In 112 cases, a fine needle aspiration biopsy was also performed. In two cases, a stand-alone FNAB was performed. The diagnostic performance was evaluated retrospectively by comparing the histopathologic and cytologic diagnosis with the current or final diagnosis after at least one year of clinical and imaging follow-up. A 0.23 T open MRI scanner with an interventional stereotactic guidance system was used. Results: The overall diagnostic accuracy of MRI guided biopsy was 0.95, sensitivity 0.91, specificity 0.98, positive predictive value (ppv) 0.97 and negative predictive value (npv) 0.93. The diagnostic accuracy of trephine biopsy alone was 0.93, sensitivity 0.89, specificity 0.98, ppv 0.97 and npv 0.91 and accuracy for FNAB alone was 0.85, sensitivity 0.80, specificity 0.90, ppv 0.89 and npv 0.82. Conclusions: MRI guidance is a feasible and accurate tool in percutaneous musculoskeletal biopsies. Fine needle biopsy is a useful low-cost supplement to histologic biopsy.

  2. Thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy and thyroid cancer diagnosis: a nationwide population-based study.

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    Li-Ying Huang

    Full Text Available Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine gland malignancy and fine-needle aspiration biopsy is widely used for thyroid nodule evaluation. Repeated aspiration biopsies are needed due to plausible false-negative results. This study aimed to investigate the overall relationship between aspiration biopsy and thyroid cancer diagnosis, and to explore factors related to shorter diagnostic time.This nationwide retrospective cohort study retrieved data from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database in Taiwan. Subjects without known thyroid malignancies and who received the first thyroid aspiration biopsy after 2004 were followed-up from 2004 to 2009 (n = 7700. Chi-square test, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, and Cox proportional hazards model were used for data analysis.Of 7700 newly-aspirated patients, 276 eventually developed thyroid cancer (malignancy rate 3.6%. Among the 276 patients with thyroid cancer, 61.6% underwent only one aspiration biopsy and 81.2% were found within the first year after the initial aspiration. Cox proportional hazards model revealed that aspiration frequency (HR 1.07, 95% CI 1.06-1.08, ultrasound frequency (HR 1.02, 95% CI 1.01-1.03, older age, male sex, and aspiration biopsies arranged by surgery, endocrinology or otolaryngology subspecialties were all associated with shorter time to thyroid cancer diagnosis.About 17.4% of thyroid cancer cases received more than two aspiration biopsies and 18.8% were diagnosed one year after the first biopsy. Regular follow-up with repeated aspiration or ultrasound may be required for patients with clinically significant thyroid nodules.

  3. Thin needle aspiration biopsy in diagnosis of thyroid gland carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The increase of thyroid gland cancer in people of Belarus is one of the most actual medical problems appeared after the Chernobyl disaster. During the period 1986 -1999 in Belarus were revealed 6901 cases of cancer in the adults and 673 -in the children. Compared with the pre-disaster period the increase of the pathology has made 4.7 and 84 times correspondingly. In Magilew region during post-disaster years were revealed 899 cases of thyroid gland cancer in the adults and 34 -in the children. From the year 1998 perceptible rise of disease appeared in people over 19 years old. According to the prognosis of specialists the problem of high thyroid gland carcinoma rate will be actual for years, gradually decreasing in the children and increasing in the adults. Thyroid gland cancer promoted by radiation has very aggressive nature. According to the data of Republican science-practical thyroid gland tumors center even small carcinomas (3-9 mm) can give numerous metastasis to lymph nodes and lungs. The possibility of tumor growth to the nearest tissues is very high. That's why the early diagnostic of the pathology is important. Medical help to the patients with thyroid gland cancer and other node formations consist in the complex problem solution: early node formation revealing by ultrasonic method, early diagnosis verification with the help of cytological bio-assays examination, received by the way of the thin needle aspiration biopsy (TNAB) under ultrasonic control, surgical treatment, radio iodine therapy, rehabilitation and prophylactic medical examination. Under the problem of early thyroid carcinoma revealing they understand exact diagnostic and surgical treatment in the stages pT1, pT1a and pT1b, N0, M0. In 1993 -1999 in the diagnostic center 139,2 thousand patients were surveyed. In the pointed cases 10739 thin needle aspiration biopsies under ultrasonic control were made and the bioassays received were studied cytologically. Ultrasonic examinations and TNAB were

  4. Diagnosis of peritoneal mesothelioma: computed tomography, sonography, and fine-needle aspiration biopsy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The diagnosis of peritoneal mesothelioma was made prospectively and noninvasively in four patients with the use of sonography, computed tomography, and sonographically guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy. The imaging methods revealed information similar to the operative findings, with clear superiority of computed tomography over sonography. These noninvasive methods may be used as screening tools, especially among groups or in regional areas with a high risk for asbestos exposure. The findings included soft-tissue masses with invariable involvement of the omentum; small intraperitoneal nodules; thickened peritoneum, mesentery, and bowel wall; pleural plaques; and usually minimal, if any, ascites. Since the differential diagnosis from peritoneal carcinomatosis may be difficult, sonographically (or CT) guided aspiration biopsy is needed to produce diagnostic cytologic specimens. The use of this type of biopsy should obviate surgical exploration

  5. Fine needle aspiration biopsy diagnosis of metastatic neoplasms of the breast. A three-case report

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    Raquel Garza-Guajardo

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Metastases to the breast are unusual lesions that make up approximately 2% of all malignant mammary neoplasms and may mimic both benign and malignant primary neoplasms from a clinical point of view, as well as in imaging studies. Arriving at a correct diagnosis is therefore essential in order to establish appropriate management. We present three cases of metastatic neoplasms diagnosed through fine needle aspiration biopsy and immunocytochemistry. The cytological diagnoses were: medulloblastoma in an 18-year-old woman, melanoma in a 26-year-old man, and an exceptional case of ovarian sarcoma originating from a granulosa cell tumor with metastases to both breasts. A metastatic disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a palpable mass in the breast, especially if there is a history of an extramammary malignant neoplasm. Fine needle aspiration biopsy is the method of choice for the management of these cases. Whenever possible the exam of the material obtained should be compared to the previous biopsy, which is usually enough to arrive at a correct diagnosis, thus preventing unnecessary surgical procedures.

  6. Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy

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    ... Global Sites Search Help? Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy Share this page: Was this page helpful? Also ... Examination Formal name: Bone Marrow Aspiration; Bone Marrow Biopsy Related tests: Complete Blood Count ; WBC Differential ; Reticulocyte ...

  7. Diagnosis of multiple myeloma on based the material obtained by fine needle aspiration biopsy of the lungs

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    Bokun Radojka

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The patient presented in this paper was admitted to the hospital for the evaluation of radiologically revealed shadow in both lungs. In the course of diagnostic procedures, fine needle aspiration biopsy of the intrathoracic mass was performed. Cytologic analysis of the smear was performed because of clinical suspicion of plasma cell proliferative disease that was confirmed by bone marrow aspiration. Thus, the cytologic finding of intrathoracic lesion preceded the diagnosis of multiple myeloma.

  8. EUS – Fine- Needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNAB in the Diagnosis of Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: A Review

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    Kalogeraki Alexandra

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Solid masses of the pancreas represent a variety of benign and malignant neoplasms of the exocrine and endocrine tissues of the pancreas. A tissue diagnosis is often required to direct therapy in the face of uncertain diagnosis or if the patient is not a surgical candidate either due to advanced disease or comorbidities. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS is a relatively new technology that employs endoscopy and high-frequency ultrasound (US. EUS involves imaging of the pancreatic head and the uncinate from the duodenum and imaging of the body and tail from the stomach. It has been shown to be a highly sensitive method for the detection of pancreatic masses. It is superior to extracorporeal US and computed tomographic (CT scans, especially when the pancreatic tumor is smaller than 2-3 cm. Although EUS is highly sensitive in detecting pancreatic solid masses, its ability to differentiate between inflammatory masses and malignant disease is limited. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP brushing, CT-guided biopsies, and transabdominal ultrasound (US have been the standard nonsurgical methods for obtaining a tissue diagnosis of pancreatic lesions, but a substantial false-negative rate has been reported. Transabdominal US-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB has been used for tissue diagnosis in patients with suspected pancreatic carcinoma. It has been shown to be highly specific, with no false-positive diagnoses. With the advent of curvilinear echoendoscopes, transgastric and transduodenal EUS-FNAB of the pancreas have become a reality EUS with FNAB has revolutionized the ability to diagnose and stage cancers of the gastrointestinal tract and assess the pancreas. Gastrointestinal cancers can be looked at with EUS and their depth of penetration into the intestinal wall can be determined. Any suspicious appearing lymph nodes can be biopsied using EUS/FNAB. The pancreas is another organ that is well visualized with EUS. Abnormalities

  9. EUS - Fine- Needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNAB) in the Diagnosis of Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: A Review.

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    Kalogeraki, Alexandra; Papadakis, Georgios Z; Tamiolakis, Dimitrios; Karvela-Kalogeraki, Iliana; Karvelas-Kalogerakis, Mihailos; Segredakis, John; Papadakis, Michael; Moustou, Eleni; Datseri, Galateia; Tzardi, Maria

    2016-01-01

    Solid masses of the pancreas represent a variety of benign and malignant neoplasms of the exocrine and endocrine tissues of the pancreas. A tissue diagnosis is often required to direct therapy in the face of uncertain diagnosis or if the patient is not a surgical candidate either due to advanced disease or comorbidities. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is a relatively new technology that employs endoscopy and high-frequency ultrasound (US). EUS involves imaging of the pancreatic head and the uncinate from the duodenum and imaging of the body and tail from the stomach. It has been shown to be a highly sensitive method for the detection of pancreatic masses. It is superior to extracorporeal US and computed tomographic (CT) scans, especially when the pancreatic tumor is smaller than 2-3 cm. Although EUS is highly sensitive in detecting pancreatic solid masses, its ability to differentiate between inflammatory masses and malignant disease is limited. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) brushing, CT-guided biopsies, and transabdominal ultrasound (US) have been the standard nonsurgical methods for obtaining a tissue diagnosis of pancreatic lesions, but a substantial false-negative rate has been reported. Transabdominal US-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB) has been used for tissue diagnosis in patients with suspected pancreatic carcinoma. It has been shown to be highly specific, with no false-positive diagnoses. With the advent of curvilinear echoendoscopes, transgastric and transduodenal EUS-FNAB of the pancreas have become a reality EUS with FNAB has revolutionized the ability to diagnose and stage cancers of the gastrointestinal tract and assess the pancreas. Gastrointestinal cancers can be looked at with EUS and their depth of penetration into the intestinal wall can be determined. Any suspicious appearing lymph nodes can be biopsied using EUS/FNAB. The pancreas is another organ that is well visualized with EUS. Abnormalities such as tumors

  10. Aspiration and Biopsy: Bone Marrow

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    ... The person performing the bone marrow aspiration and biopsy will know your medical history, but might ask additional questions, such as what medicines you're taking or whether you have any allergies. Be sure to ... on the aspiration and biopsy site about 30 minutes before the procedure. You ...

  11. Fine-needle aspiration and core biopsy in the diagnosis of breast lesions: A comparison and review of the literature.

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    Mitra, Suvradeep; Dey, Pranab

    2016-01-01

    In recent times, the diagnosis of breast lesions has mostly become dependent on core needle biopsies (CNBs) with a gradual reduction in the rate of performing fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). Both the procedures have their pros and cons and outsmart each other taking into account different parameters. Both the methods are found to be fraught with loopholes, taking into account different performance indices, diagnostic accuracy and concordance, patient benefit, and cost-effectiveness. Unlike the popular belief of an absolute superiority of CNB over FNAC, the literature review does not reveal a very distinct demarcation in many aspects. We recommend judicious use of these diagnostic modalities in resource-limited settings and screening programs taking into account parameters such as palpability and availability of an experienced cytopathologist. PMID:27651820

  12. Histological diagnosis of gastric submucosal tumors: A pilot study of endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy vs mucosal cutting biopsy

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    Hisatomo; Ikehara; Zhaoliang; Li; Jiro; Watari; Masato; Taki; Tomohiro; Ogawa; Takahisa; Yamasaki; Takashi; Kondo; Fumihiko; Toyoshima; Tomoaki; Kono; Katsuyuki; Tozawa; Yoshio; Ohda; Toshihiko; Tomita; Tadayuki; Oshima; Hirokazu; Fukui; Ikuo; Matsuda; Seiichi; Hirota; Hiroto; Miwa

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To compare the usefulness of endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy(EUS-FNAB) without cytology and mucosal cutting biopsy(MCB) in the histological diagnosis of gastric submucosal tumor(SMT).METHODS: We prospectively compared the diagnostic yield, feasibility, and safety of EUS-FNAB and those of MCB based on endoscopic submucosal dissection. The cases of 20 consecutive patients with gastric SMT ≥1 cm in diameter. who underwent both EUS-FNAB and MCB were investigated.RESULTS: The histological diagnoses were gastrointestinal stromal tumors(n = 7), leiomyoma(n =6), schwannoma(n = 2), aberrant pancreas(n = 2), and one case each of glomus tumor, metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma, and no-diagnosis. The tumors’ mean size was 23.6 mm. Histological diagnosis was made in 65.0% of the EUS-FNABs and 60.0% of the MCBs, a nonsignificant difference. There were no significant differences in the diagnostic yield concerning the tumor location or tumor size between the two methods. However, diagnostic specimens were significantly more frequently obtained in lesions with intraluminal growth than in those with extraluminal growth by the MCB method(P = 0.01). All four SMTs with extraluminal growth were diagnosed only by EUSFNAB(P = 0.03). No complications were found in either method.CONCLUSION: MCB may be chosen as an alternative diagnostic modality in tumors showing the intraluminal growth pattern regardless of tumor size, whereas EUSFNAB should be performed for SMTs with extraluminal growth.

  13. Stromal tissue as an adjunct tool in the diagnosis of follicular thyroid lesions by fine-needle aspiration biopsy

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    Mai, Kien T.; Hogan, Kevin

    2016-01-01

    Background: The stroma in fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of thyroid lesions has not been well investigated. Design: We studied 256 consecutive cases of thyroid FNAB prepared with traditional smear technique. The stroma was categorized: Type 1a consisted of long (more than 3 mm), broad bands composed of mesh containing collagen fibrils thickened by entrapped blood components and follicular cells. Type 1b consisted of dense strands/bands. Type 2 was similar to Type 1a but with shorter (papillary architectures or fragments of capsule. Type 1b stroma likely represented thick/collagenized fibrous septae. Incomplete or complete rings of small encapsulated tumor were occasionally identified. These frameworks of stroma were frequently associated with multinodular goiters (MNGs) which are often hypocellular and follicular neoplasms/papillary thyroid carcinoma with increased cellularity. Type 2 was associated with microfollicles in encapsulated neoplasms or with macrofollicles in MNG. Follicular lesions of unknown significance (n = 41) either negative (n = 26) or positive (n = 15) for carcinoma in subsequent follow-up were frequently associated with stroma characteristic of MNG and carcinoma, respectively. Conclusion: The preservation of the in vivo architecture of Type 1 is likely due to its elasticity. Recognition of the stromal architecture will likely facilitate the diagnosis. PMID:27651822

  14. Establishing an accurate diagnosis of a parotid lump: evaluation of the current biopsy methods - fine needle aspiration cytology, ultrasound-guided core biopsy, and intraoperative frozen section.

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    Howlett, D C; Skelton, E; Moody, A B

    2015-09-01

    The optimum technique for histological confirmation of the nature of a parotid mass remains controversial. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), which has traditionally been used, is associated with high non-diagnostic and false negative rates, and ultrasound (US)-guided core biopsy and frozen section have been explored as alternatives. US-guided core biopsy is more invasive than FNAC, but is safe, well-tolerated, and associated with improved diagnostic performance. Although frozen section offers better specificity than FNAC, it has a number of important drawbacks and cannot be considered as a primary diagnostic tool. US-guided core biopsy should be considered as the initial diagnostic technique of choice, and in units where the accuracy of FNAC is good it can be used when FNAC is equivocal or non-diagnostic. PMID:25886878

  15. Should fine needle aspiration biopsy be the first pathological investigation in the diagnosis of a bone lesion? An algorithmic approach with review of literature

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    Mehrotra Ravi

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB is gaining increasing popularity in the diagnosis of musculoskeletal lesions; and in many patients, a definitive diagnosis can be rendered from aspiration smears alone. Its applicability in bone pathology, however, has been controversial due to a high percentage of inadequate smears, difficulty in evaluation of tissue architecture and nonspecific results in the diagnosis of primary bone lesions. In this study, the value of aspiration as the first pathological investigation in the diagnosis of a bone lesion was evaluated. Methods 91 cases of clinically suspected cases of bone lesions were aspirated over a period of two years. Direct or cytospin smears were fixed in 95% alcohol and stained by Hematoxylin and Eosin or air-dried and later fixed in methanol for May Grŭnwald Giemsa staining. Results Of the 91 patients who were subjected to FNAB, 81 were considered satisfactory and 10.9 % (10 were inadequateinconclusive for diagnosis. Cyto-histological concordance was obtained in 78.5 % (51/65 patients. Positive and negative predictive values were 87.5% and 97.2 % respectively. Sensitivity as a preliminary diagnostic technique was 93.3%, whereas specificity was 94.5 %. Overall, diagnostic accuracy was 94.2 %. Metastatic lesions were detected with 100% accuracy. Two cases were reported as false positive and one case as false negative. Conclusion Cytology provides valuable information to the clinician to make an informed decision regarding appropriate therapy. We conclude that time-consuming and costly investigations may be reduced by choosing FNAB as the initial pathological diagnostic method for skeletal lesions of unknown origin. The choice of radiological examinations, laboratory tests and surgical biopsies can be determined after the FNAB diagnosis.

  16. Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Thyroid

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    ... Index A-Z Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Thyroid An ultrasound-guided thyroid biopsy ... Thyroid? What is Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Thyroid? During a fine needle aspiration ...

  17. Thin needle aspiration biopsy of endocrine organs.

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    Koss, L G

    1979-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to summarize the advantages and disadvantages of the fine needle aspiration technique in reference to the endocrine organs. The principles of technique and interpretation are presented. The application of aspiration biopsies to the breast, the prostate, the pancreas and the thyroid are briefly discussed. PMID:485094

  18. Ultrasound guided Core Biopsy, Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology and Surgical Excision Biopsy in the diagnosis of metastatic squamous cell carcinoma in the head and neck: An eleven year experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Introduction: This study aims to review our 11 year experience of diagnosing metastatic squamous cell carcinoma presenting as head and neck lumps. The techniques of Ultrasound guided Core Biopsy (USCB), Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) and Surgical Excision Biopsy (SEB) are compared. Materials and methods: All patients with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) involving the lymph nodes of the head and neck or parotid gland, diagnosed at Eastbourne District General Hospital between January 1998 and November 2009 were identified. The following data items were collated: biopsy location (e.g. cervical lymph node or parotid), any history of likely primary SCC and site, type of biopsy used to establish a conclusive diagnosis (index diagnostic technique), previous biopsies, the technique and their results, subsequent histology results. Results: A total of 90 patients were diagnosed with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma. The index diagnostic technique was USCB in 48 patients, FNAC in 29 and SEB in 13. In 72 (80%) patients the index biopsy was the sole tissue sample taken prior to surgery or other treatment. The remaining 18 patients underwent a total of 22 previous biopsies prior to the index biopsy. 95% (21/22) of these previous biopsies were non-definitive FNAC and 5% (1/22) was a non-definitive USCB. FNACs also demonstrated the highest non-diagnostic rate (42%). The accuracy of USCB and FNAC in correlating with final histopathology was 97% and 85% respectively. Conclusions: USCB demonstrates excellent results in the diagnosis of metastatic SCC in the head and neck with higher accuracy and greater reliability than FNAC.

  19. Core-needle biopsy under CT fluoroscopy guidance and fine-needle aspiration cytology: Comparison of diagnostic yield in the diagnosis of lung and mediastinum tumors. Analysis of frequency and types of complications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Patients with pathological tissue mass in thoracic cage found with imaging require histopathological or cytological confirmation of malignancy before treatment. The tissue material essential for patomorphological evaluation can be acquired with fine-needle aspiration biopsies (FNAB) controlled with CT and core-needle biopsy (CNB) under real-time CT fluoroscopy guidance. The purpose of this work is to carry out a retrospective analysis of the two methods with regards to their informativity, frequency and the kind of complications. From January, 2012 to May 2013, 76 core-needle biopsies of lung and mediastinum tumors were conducted and compared with 86 fine-needle aspiration biopsies(FNAB) of lung and mediastinum tumors, including 30 patients who underwent FNAB and were referred to CNB in order to specify the diagnosis. Complete histopathological diagnosis was made in 91% with the use of CNB and in 37% when FNAB was the chosen method. Early complications were observed in 32% patients who underwent BG and in group of 11% who underwent FNAB. Late complications, however, appeared in 29% patients after CNB and 13% after FNAB. In 24 cases CNB specified the complete diagnosis. Core-needle biopsy in comparison to fine-needle aspiration biopsy has more frequent rate of negligible complications, however, it offers higher diagnostic yield for diagnostic of lung and mediastinum neoplastic disease and allows for more precise diagnosis of focal lesions

  20. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of fibromatoses.

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    Raab, S S; Silverman, J F; McLeod, D L; Benning, T L; Geisinger, K R

    1993-01-01

    Fibromatoses form a spectrum of clinicopathologic entities characterized by the infiltrative proliferation of fibroblasts that lack malignant cytologic features. Fibromatoses present as nodular soft tissue masses almost anywhere in the body and thus are often amenable to fine needle aspiration (FNA). This report describes the FNA cytologic findings of fibromatosis in six patients ranging in age from 7 1/2 weeks to 36 years. Two of the lesions arose in the abdominal wall (musculoaponeurotic fibromatosis or extra-abdominal desmoid), and one each involved the plantar surface (Ledderhose's disease), the shoulder and the sternocleidomastoid muscle (Fibromatosis coli). The FNA of the shoulder was initially interpreted as nodular fasciitis due to the clinical presentation of a rapidly growing mass; an aspirate from the deep musculoaponeurotic region was believed to reveal a low grade sarcoma. The FNA diagnosis of musculoaponeurotic fibromatosis in a patient with familial polyposis coli suggested the diagnosis of Gardner's syndrome. Cytologically the aspirates consisted of groups of loosely cohesive, bland-appearing, spindle-shaped cells having oval to elongated nuclei and cytoplasmic tags. Individual spindle cells and rare inflammatory cells were also present. The aspirate of fibromatosis coli also contained degenerating skeletal muscle cells. Tissue confirmation was obtained in four cases. We believe that FNA is a useful procedure for the initial and recurrent diagnosis of fibromatoses and in the separation of fibromatoses from other benign and malignant soft tissue lesions. A discussion of other entities that enter into the cytologic differential diagnosis, such as mesenchymal repair, fasciitis and spindle cell types of sarcoma, is presented. From our experience we believe that the clinicopathologic features can suggest the diagnosis of fibromatosis, but histologic confirmation is recommended.

  1. Usefulness of Core Needle Biopsy for Thyroid Nodules with Macrocalcifications: Comparison with Fine-Needle Aspiration

    OpenAIRE

    Yi, Kyung Sik; Kim, Ji-Hoon; Na, Dong Gyu; Seo, Hyobin; Min, Hye Sook; Won, Jae-Kyung; Yun, Tae Jin; Ryoo, Inseon; Kim, Su Chin; Choi, Seung Hong; Sohn, Chul-Ho

    2015-01-01

    Background: This study was performed to determine the benefits of core needle biopsy (CNB), as compared with fine-needle aspiration (FNA), for the diagnosis of thyroid nodules with macrocalcifications.

  2. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION CYTOLOGY AND OPEN BIOPSY IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF CERVICAL LYMPHADENOPATHY IN RURAL TERTIARY CENTRE

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    Karunamoorthy

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Lymphadenopathy is a very common clinical manifestation of many diseases, defined as an abnormality in the size or character of lymph nodes, caused by the invasion or propagation of either inflammatory cells or neoplastic cells into the node. The clinical examination may be inaccurate in differentiating benign from neoplastic enlargement of the lymph node. Surgical excision of a palpable peripheral lymph node is relatively simple; it does require anaesthesia, strict sterility and theatre time and it leaves behind a scar. Fine needle aspiration cytology offers the advantages of an immediate with little cost and trauma. The present study is being undertaken to evaluate its accuracy in the diagnosis of tuberculosis and malignancy of the cervical lymph nodes. AIM AND OBJECTIVE To assess the usefulness of FNAC in the diagnosing cervical lymph node enlargement and cytological features of common pathological conditions affecting the lymph nodes and to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of FNAC and open biopsy in cervical lymphadenopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 100 patients were subjected for the study at CMCH and RC, Irungalur. FNAC was performed under aseptic precaution of the cervical lymph nodes using a 22G needle and HPE correlation was obtained for these patients remaining. These patients were subjected to surgical excision for radical dissection and the HPE correlation for specimen was obtained. RESULTS The result shows that the age wise distribution of patient with benign lesions were within 21-25 age groups and those with malignant lesion were in 31-50 age groups. Among the incidence of male-to-female ratio was 107:93. The duration of symptom was <6 months (<3 cm 50%/3-6 months 45%. The gross morphology shows that TB adenitis patient with positive matting nodes were 18 out of 25 patients were positive for matted nodes (94.47%. According to AJCC cancer staging the size of the nodes were assessed, which shows most of the nodes <3

  3. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of intraoral and oropharyngeal mass lesions

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    Saleh Husain A

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fine needle aspiration (FNA biopsy has been rarely used in oral and oropharyngeal lesions. The goal of this study was to assess the value and accuracy of FNA biopsy in the diagnosis of oral and oropharyngeal lesions particularly in regards to discriminating benign from malignant tumors. Methods Sixteen cases of FNA biopsies obtained of various intraoral and oropharyngeal masses or lesions performed at our institution during the eight-year period from 1998 to 2006 were retrospectively reviewed. The aspiration cytologic diagnoses were correlated with the histologic examination of the corresponding resected lesions. Results Sixteen cases of intraoral lesions evaluated by FNA biopsies during the period of 1998–2006 were reviewed. The sites of involvement were: lip 1, maxillary sinus 3, pharynx/oropharynx 5, floor of mouth 4, buccal mucosa 2 and peritonsillar area 1. Patients' age ranged from 30 to 87 with an average of 54 years. Male to female ratio was 1:3. Cytologically, 7 cases were diagnosed as suspicious/malignant, and 9 cases as benign (including 6 benign neoplasm, 1 atypical, and 2 reactive or "descriptive". Fifteen cases had corresponding surgical resection for histologic examination, of these, 9 cases were interpreted as malignant, and 6 as benign. There were no false positive diagnoses of malignancy on FNA. Two cases were interpreted as benign or atypical cytologically, but were found to be malignant on histologic examination. Conclusion FNA biopsy of intraoral and oropharyngeal masses is a valuable procedure for the initial evaluation of various lesions. It provides helpful information about these lesions and avoids hasty or unnecessary surgical biopsy. It is a rapid and relatively noninvasive procedure. Furthermore, aspiration biopsy is an important tool in the diagnosis and management of these lesions, both neoplastic and non-neoplastic, and can be sometimes complemented by ancillary studies for more accurate

  4. Aspiration biopsy in the context of the new Medicare fiscal policy.

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    Kaminsky, D B

    1984-01-01

    The new Medicare legislation requires hospital reimbursement on a per case, rather than cost per test, basis. This policy emphasizes selectivity in hospitalization, increased efficiency in diagnosis and therapy and abbreviated hospital stays. Aspiration biopsy is discussed as a procedure that responds to needs stimulated by fiscal demands, with particular attention given to cost containment and outpatient care and aspiration biopsy's value as a vehicle that ensures high-quality medical care. PMID:6428110

  5. CT-guided aspiration biopsy of pulmonary and mediastinal masses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) was performed on the patients with pulmonary or mediastinal masses to obtain material for cytologic/histologic diagnosis. Diagnostic accuracy and safety of the technique were evaluated in 75 patients affected with thoracic lesions still undiagnosed after thorough radiological and endoscopic investigations. The cytologic and/or microhistologic samples allowed a correct diagnosis to be made in 61 cases (81%), with no false positives and 7 false negatives (9%). The samples were inadequate for diagnostic purposes in 7 cases (9%). Specificity, sensitivity and diagnostic accuracy were 68%, 76%, and 81% respectively. No major complication was recorded and a case of asympomatic pneumothorax resolved spontaneously within 48 hours. CT-guided FNAB of space occupyng lesions in the lung and mediastinum is therefore a rapid and valuable diagnostic tool and is quite safe when performed by skilled operators

  6. COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF BONE MARROW ASPIRATION AND BONE MARROW BIOPSY IN HAEMATOLOGICAL CONDITIONS

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    Netra

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXT Due to diagnostic difficulties by peripheral smear alone, evaluation of the bone marrow is required for confirmation of a suspected clinical diagnosis. AIMS To study and to correlate the bone marrow aspiration with biopsy findings. METHODS AND MATERIAL A total number of 100 cases were evaluated. Bone marrow aspiration slides were stained with Leishman stain and biopsy sections were stained with haematoxylin and eosin after decalcification. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS Chi square test to evaluate sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value. P values obtained after completion of 100 cases and Kappa value determined to know the strength of agreement between bone marrow aspiration and biopsy diagnosis. RESULTS Of the 100 cases studied, the age of the patient ranged from 4-78 years with male-to-female ratio being 1.3:1. The most common condition was anaemia (47% and the most common haematological malignancy was multiple myeloma (13%. In our institution, the incidence of multiple myeloma was found to be higher than leukemia. There was a positive correlation of 85.8%, sensitivity of bone marrow aspiration was found to be 88.5% and Negative Predictive Value (NPV was 94.4%. The p value of 0.001 was statistically significant and the Kappa value of 0.91 shows an excellent agreement between aspiration and biopsy diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS Aspiration helps to know the better morphology of the cells and biopsy to assess the cellularity, pattern of distribution of cells. Biopsy is also useful when aspiration is inadequate due to faulty technique. Hence, combined evaluation helps in accurate diagnosis and management.

  7. A simplified technique for embryo biopsy: Use of the same micropipette for zona drilling and blastomere aspiration

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Shee-Uan; Ho, Hong-Nerng; Chen, Hsin-Fu; Chao, Kuang-Han; Huang, Su-Cheng; Lee, Tzu-Yao; Yang, Yu-Shih

    1997-01-01

    Purpose: Using different micropipettes for zona drilling and blastomere aspiration for embryo biopsy is prevalent at centers of preimplantation genetic diagnosis. The purpose of our study was to simplify the technique by using only one micropipette.

  8. Percutaneous needle aspiration biopsy of chest lesions: effectiveness when using an 18-gauge needle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Seong Min; Jung, Gyoo Sik; Kim, So Sun; Huh, Jin Do; Joh, Young Duk; Huh, Bang [College of Medicine, Kosin National University, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-01-15

    Results of 181 percutaneous needle aspiration biopsies performed with an 18-gauge needle during a period of 3 years were analyzed to determine efficacy and safety of the procedure. Biposies were performed in patients that could not be diagnosed by bronchoscopy or sputum cytology. The biopsy procedure with 18-gauge Crown needle was guided by fluoroscopy. The biopsy specimen placed in 10% formalin solution were histologically confirmed. In 160 patients (89%), the positive diagnosis was made by percutaneous needle aspiration biopsy. There were 153 lung lesions (120 malignant and 33 benign lesions) and 7 mediastinal lesions. The diagnostic accuracy of malignant and benign disease was 91% and 80% respectively. Complications included pneumothorax (n = 11) and hemothorax (n = 1): six of them required treatment with chest tube and the remainder showed spontaneous resorption. PCNB with an 18-gauge needle provided a reliable, relatively safe diagnostic tool to establish the diagnosis of both malignant and benign chest lesions.

  9. Percutaneous needle aspiration biopsy of chest lesions: effectiveness when using an 18-gauge needle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Results of 181 percutaneous needle aspiration biopsies performed with an 18-gauge needle during a period of 3 years were analyzed to determine efficacy and safety of the procedure. Biposies were performed in patients that could not be diagnosed by bronchoscopy or sputum cytology. The biopsy procedure with 18-gauge Crown needle was guided by fluoroscopy. The biopsy specimen placed in 10% formalin solution were histologically confirmed. In 160 patients (89%), the positive diagnosis was made by percutaneous needle aspiration biopsy. There were 153 lung lesions (120 malignant and 33 benign lesions) and 7 mediastinal lesions. The diagnostic accuracy of malignant and benign disease was 91% and 80% respectively. Complications included pneumothorax (n = 11) and hemothorax (n = 1): six of them required treatment with chest tube and the remainder showed spontaneous resorption. PCNB with an 18-gauge needle provided a reliable, relatively safe diagnostic tool to establish the diagnosis of both malignant and benign chest lesions

  10. Low coherence interferometry approach for aiding fine needle aspiration biopsies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Ernest W.; Gardecki, Joseph; Pitman, Martha; Wilsterman, Eric J.; Patel, Ankit; Tearney, Guillermo J.; Iftimia, Nicusor

    2014-11-01

    We present portable preclinical low-coherence interference (LCI) instrumentation for aiding fine needle aspiration biopsies featuring the second-generation LCI-based biopsy probe and an improved scoring algorithm for tissue differentiation. Our instrument and algorithm were tested on 38 mice with cultured tumor mass and we show the specificity, sensitivity, and positive predictive value of tumor detection of over 0.89, 0.88, and 0.96, respectively.

  11. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy. When is it most beneficial?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, I M; Brink, W J

    1990-09-01

    When fine-needle aspiration biopsy is done skillfully, it is an accurate, efficient, and cost-effective method for diagnosing many diseases in selected patients. This article describes its uses for palpable masses of the thyroid, breast, and peripheral lymph nodes and some nonpalpable lesions. The authors also discuss its advantages and disadvantages and technical considerations that affect accuracy. PMID:2399196

  12. Comparative evaluation of bone marrow aspirate particle smears, imprints and biopsy sections.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabharwal B

    1990-10-01

    Full Text Available Comparative evaluation of bone marrow aspirate particle smears, imprints and biopsy sections was done on 30 haematological problems. Core needle biopsy of the bone marrow is a safe and useful procedure. It is a valuable diagnostic aid for measurement of marrow cellularity, metastatic tumours and fibrosis. It should not be taken as a substitute for examination of the marrow by aspiration smear but is a complementary procedure which affords several advantages. Bone marrow biopsy was of maximum utility in myelofibrosis which was diagnosed on biopsy alone. There were three additional cases with normal bone marrow aspiration in which specific diagnosis could only be made from bone marrow biopsy sections. New methodologies i.e. plastic embedding and semi thin sections of undecalcified bone marrow, can be expected to improve the cytological details of tissue obtained by biopsy. Imprint preparations obtained from biopsy can be useful in patients of malignancy but we have found them to be of limited value except in cases of dry tap.

  13. Core needle biopsy versus fine needle aspiration biopsy in breast--a historical perspective and opportunities in the modern era.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nassar, Aziza

    2011-05-01

    Breast fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) by palpation is on the decline, due to its limitations in diagnostic accuracy, decreased sensitivity, and its replacement with core needle biopsy (CNB). Despite its decreasing utility, superficial fine-needle aspiration (FNA) in breast is still the main modality for evaluating metastatic lesions, recurrence, and axillary lymph node metastasis. New modalities including proteomic pattern expression and methylation profiling of breast lesions are other promising techniques that can be used as ancillary tests for refining the diagnosis of breast lesions using FNAB. Image-guided breast FNA proves to be a successful alternative with high sensitivity and specificity. In this review, the advantages, disadvantages, and inherent limitations of breast FNA and CNB, and new advanced techniques are discussed. PMID:20949457

  14. Does large needle aspiration biopsy add pain to the thyroid nodule evaluation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpi, Angelo; Rossi, Giuseppe; Nicolini, Andrea; Iervasi, Giorgio; Russo, Matteo; Mechanick, Jeffrey

    2013-01-01

    Thyroid large needle aspiration biopsy is disregarded because it is thought to be associated with pain. This is in contrast with our 32 years long experience. We surveyed reports of pain in patients examined with fine needle aspiration biopsy (78, 87.2% women, mean age 59 years) or FNAB+large needle aspiration biopsy (48, 87.5% women, mean age 60 years). Each patient was questioned regarding a) no unpleasant sensation (score "0"); b) unpleasant sensation ("1"); c) mild pain (no analgesic used; "2"); or d) pain (analgesic used; "3"). The mean size of the needle used was for FNAB 22.3±0.7 or 20.8±1 gauge in the fine needle aspiration or fine needle aspiration plus large needle aspiration biopsy group, respectively (pfine needle aspiration plus large needle aspiration biopsy group. However, the pain score in the fine needle aspiration biopsy or fine needle aspiration biopsy plus large needle aspiration biopsy group was not significantly different. Large needle aspiration biopsy after fine needle aspiration biopsy does not add any discomfort or pain and therefore in light of the demonstrable benefits, should be included in clinical algorithms for the evaluation of thyroid nodules. PMID:23536779

  15. Does large needle aspiration biopsy add pain to the thyroid nodule evaluation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelo Carpi

    Full Text Available Thyroid large needle aspiration biopsy is disregarded because it is thought to be associated with pain. This is in contrast with our 32 years long experience. We surveyed reports of pain in patients examined with fine needle aspiration biopsy (78, 87.2% women, mean age 59 years or FNAB+large needle aspiration biopsy (48, 87.5% women, mean age 60 years. Each patient was questioned regarding a no unpleasant sensation (score "0"; b unpleasant sensation ("1"; c mild pain (no analgesic used; "2"; or d pain (analgesic used; "3". The mean size of the needle used was for FNAB 22.3±0.7 or 20.8±1 gauge in the fine needle aspiration or fine needle aspiration plus large needle aspiration biopsy group, respectively (p<.0001. The number of percutaneous punctures was higher in the fine needle aspiration plus large needle aspiration biopsy group. However, the pain score in the fine needle aspiration biopsy or fine needle aspiration biopsy plus large needle aspiration biopsy group was not significantly different. Large needle aspiration biopsy after fine needle aspiration biopsy does not add any discomfort or pain and therefore in light of the demonstrable benefits, should be included in clinical algorithms for the evaluation of thyroid nodules.

  16. Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy and/or Tissue Biopsy for Avoiding Surgery Complication in Patients with Peripancreatic Tuberculosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enver Ilhan

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Dear Sir, Peripancreatic tuberculosis is rarely seen. It is more widespread in countries with high endemicity for tuberculosis than in developed countries and the immunocompromized population. It may mimic a carcinoma of the pancreas, acute pancreatitis or chronic pancreatitis, or present with biliary obstruction [1, 2]. Diagnosing pancreatic tuberculosis is often difficult. Histopathological or microbiological evaluation can confirm the etiology. Ultrasound, CT scan and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS, guided aspiration and definitive tissue diagnosis are feasible techniques. Image-guided FNA biopsy of the pancreas, a safe procedure, has an overall sensitivity of 64-98%, a specificity of 80-100% and a positive predictive value of 98.4-100%. When fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC and polymerase chain reaction (PCR were combined, the sensitivity and specificity increased to 84% and 100%, respectively. EUS is today considered to be the most suitable investigative tool for differentiating a benign from a malignant pancreatic lesion. EUS provides an accurate and safe diagnosis without the risk, cost and time delay involved in an open biopsy or laparotomy. When not available, expensive investigations such as CECT and MRI with guided biopsy have to be resorted to. Exploratory laparotomy may be required in technically difficult cases due to the risk of injury to vessels in the vicinity of the mass [3, 4].

  17. Diagnostic utility of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy for glomus tumor of the stomach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, Shin; Kikuchi, Kaoru; Chinen, Kenji; Murakami, Takahiro; Kunishima, Fumihito

    2015-06-14

    A 52-year-old man was referred for further investigation of a gastric submucosal tumor on the greater curvature of the antrum. Endoscopic ultrasonography demonstrated a hypoechoic solid mass, which was primarily connected to the muscular layer of the stomach. We performed endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy. The pathological examination showed proliferation of oval-shaped cells with nest formation, which stained strongly positive for muscle actin, and negative for c-kit, CD34, CD56, desmin, S-100, chromogranin, and neuron-specific enolase. Therefore, we performed laparoscopy and endoscopy cooperative surgery based on the preoperative diagnosis of glomus tumor of the stomach. The final histological diagnosis confirmed the preoperative diagnosis. Although preoperative diagnosis of glomus tumor of the stomach is difficult with conventional images and endoscopic biopsy, endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy is an essential tool to gain histological evidence of glomus tumor of the stomach for early diagnosis.

  18. [Preoperative biopsy diagnosis in suspicion of breast cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasmussen, Birgitte Bruun; Bak, Martin; Rank, Fritz E

    2007-09-01

    The golden standard in non-operative breast cancer diagnosis is the triple test, a combination of clinical evaluation, mammography/ultrasound and needle biopsy, either fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) or histological core biopsy. FNAC and core biopsy both have advantages and disadvantages but neither of them can act as a decisive diagnostic procedure on its own. The final diagnosis should always be a consensus between the three diagnostic modalities in the triple test. Quality assurance of the pathological diagnosis is a must. The number of uncertain diagnoses i.e. atypia or suspicion of malignancy should be kept at a minimum. These diagnostic categories call for additional diagnostic procedures and thereby cause a delay in reaching the final diagnosis leading to definitive treatment. PMID:17953876

  19. Metastatic tumor: the complementary role of the marrow aspirate and biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atac, B; Lawrence, C; Goldberg, S N

    1991-10-01

    To determine whether bone marrow aspiration or biopsy is more sensitive in the detection of nonhematologic metastatic involvement of marrow, all 1569 consecutive paired biopsy and aspirate samples obtained between January 1975 and January 1, 1986 in an 800 bed municipal hospital were reviewed. At least eight aspirate slides and 10 biopsy cross sections were examined for each pair. In 39 samples, both biopsy and aspirate identified metastatic tumor. No biopsies contained tumor that was not also seen on the aspirate. However, five aspirate slides contained metastatic malignancies not identified on biopsy. The hematologist or oncologist viewing individual cells in a monolayer at 1000 x magnification has the advantage of identifying very small clusters of tumor cells. That accounted for three of the five positive aspirate samples in which the biopsies were negative. The other two positive aspirate slides each contained tumor on only one of eight slides. The results of our study indicate that when carefully reviewed, the aspirate is at least as sensitive as the marrow biopsy for identifying metastatic tumor. Our results indicate that marrow aspirates and biopsies are useful and complementary examinations for identifying metastatic malignancy. PMID:1928232

  20. Role of fluoroscopic guided fine needle aspiration biopsy in spinal pathologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chauhan Vijendra

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The presence of vertebral lesion, whether symptomatic or not presents a diagnostic challenge. Open biopsy of spine is associated with considerable clinical morbidity. Hence it was decided to evaluate the efficacy of fluoroscopic guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FGFNAB in providing a definitive diagnosis in pathologies of the spine and to determine the degree of co-relation between the histopathological diagnosis and the presumptive clinicoradiological diagnosis. Methods: A prospective study of 103 patients in whom a presumptive diagnosis was made by available imaging techniques (including magnetic resonance imaging was undertaken. All patients underwent histopathological /cytological examination for confirmation of the presumptive diagnosis, using material obtained through FGFNAB. Results: A definitive diagnosis was established, through FGFNAB, in 76 (73.8% patients. Non concordant diagnosis was seen in 13(12% of patients. In 27 (26.2% patients the results of FGFNAB were inconclusive. Conclusion: FGFNAB is a minimally invasive, technically easy, quick and cost-effective procedure. It can be done on an outpatient basis, under local anaesthesia and often eliminates the need for an open biopsy. FGFNAB can clinch the diagnosis early and helps institute definitive therapy. Hence we strongly recommend FGFNAB as a basic investigation in all pathological lesions of the spine.

  1. Diagnosing a parotid lump: fine needle aspiration cytology or core biopsy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howlett, D C

    2006-04-01

    Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) has been widely adopted for the cytological diagnosis of parotid lumps. FNAC does have drawbacks, even under optimum conditions and may be associated with poor levels of diagnostic accuracy, particularly outside the specialized clinic environment. Ultrasound-guided core biopsy (USCB) is a relatively recently described technique in the parotid gland which has been well tolerated and has demonstrated a high degree of diagnostic accuracy in several studies. This article discusses the merits and pitfalls of FNAC, together with the technique of USCB and also highlights the potential advantages benefit provided by USCB in parotid diagnosis. PMID:16585720

  2. Percutaneous needle aspiration biopsy of localized pulmonary lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Im, Chung Kie; Lim, Duck; Park, Jae Hyung; Ham, Eui Keun [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1984-12-15

    Over a period of recent two years, 100 patients who had localized pulmonary lesions and underwent percutaneous needle aspiration and biopsy, were analyzed. There were 56 malignancies and 44 benign lesions. The diagnostic accuracy of malignancy including specific cell type and benign disease are 89% and 79% respectively. Differentiation of malignancy vs. benignity was possible in 89% of cases obviating unnecessary exploratory thoracotomy for diagnostic purpose. Five cases were misinterpreted and eight cases were non-diagnostic on cytology. Inadequate material was obtained in two cases; one was due to hardness of the mass, which, later, confirmed as chondrosarcoma, and the other was too small (0.8 X 1.0 cm) to be visible on lateral view. The obtainability of the tissue was 98%. 14 (14%) patients developed pneumothorax; one of them required treatment and remainder showed spontaneous resporption. (Transient neglibigle blood tinged sputum was found in 16 (16%) cases). The method, problems and complication are discussed. Authors recommend the percutaneous needle aspiration and biopsy as the initial procedure in diagnostic work up of pulmonary coin lesions, especially when they are smaller, more peripheral and metastatic neoplasm is suspected.

  3. Percutaneous needle aspiration biopsy of localized pulmonary lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over a period of recent two years, 100 patients who had localized pulmonary lesions and underwent percutaneous needle aspiration and biopsy, were analyzed. There were 56 malignancies and 44 benign lesions. The diagnostic accuracy of malignancy including specific cell type and benign disease are 89% and 79% respectively. Differentiation of malignancy vs. benignity was possible in 89% of cases obviating unnecessary exploratory thoracotomy for diagnostic purpose. Five cases were misinterpreted and eight cases were non-diagnostic on cytology. Inadequate material was obtained in two cases; one was due to hardness of the mass, which, later, confirmed as chondrosarcoma, and the other was too small (0.8 X 1.0 cm) to be visible on lateral view. The obtainability of the tissue was 98%. 14 (14%) patients developed pneumothorax; one of them required treatment and remainder showed spontaneous resporption. (Transient neglibigle blood tinged sputum was found in 16 (16%) cases). The method, problems and complication are discussed. Authors recommend the percutaneous needle aspiration and biopsy as the initial procedure in diagnostic work up of pulmonary coin lesions, especially when they are smaller, more peripheral and metastatic neoplasm is suspected.

  4. Celiac Disease Diagnosis: Endoscopic Biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... This is done in a procedure called a biopsy: the physician eases a long, thin tube called ... the tissue using instruments passed through the endoscope. Biopsy of the small intestine is the only way ...

  5. Ultrasonography and ultrasonoguided percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy of pancreatic cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ultrasonography of pancreas has been already established to be a effective method in the evaluation of pancreatic mass lesion. In addition to ultrasonography, ultrasonoguided percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy of pancreatic mass has been known to be a safe method of obtaining tissue diagnosis in patients with pancreatic cancer without operation. From March, 1984 to June, 1986 ultrasonography and ultrasonoguided percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy were performed in 40 patients who had been finally diagnosed as pancreatic cancer at the Department of Radiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine. The results were summarized as follows: In ultrasonographic findings of pancreatic cancer, (1) The location of pancreatic mass is 19 cases in head, 3 in head and body, 7 in body, 4 in body and tail, 5 in tail and 2 diffuse type. (2) The size of tumor ranged under 2cm in 2 cases, between 2.1-4cm in 21, between 4.1-6cm in 13 and over 6cm in 4 cases. (3) The other ultrasonographic findings were 6 cases common bile duct dilatation, 4 pancreatic duct dilatation, 10 peripancreatic node enlargement, 16 liver metastasis and 3 stomach involvement. In ultrasonoguided percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy of total 40 cases of pancreatic cancer.

  6. Comparative analysis of fine-needle aspiration cell block biopsy, cells smear and postoperative pathological diagnosis in 118 patients with breast lumps%118例乳腺肿块细胞块活检、细胞涂片和术后病理诊断对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卞铁荣; 邢宏运; 唐利; 李燕; 陈庄; 吴云飞

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic value of the fine-needle aspiration cell block biopsy in breast lumps.Methods:One hundred and eighteen patients with breast lumps were examined by fine-needle aspiration cells smear,fine-needle aspiration cell block biopsy and postoperative histological pathology diagnosis,then the resuits were analyzed.Results:Compared with fine-needle aspiration ceils smear,fine-needle aspiration cell block biopsy showed higher sensitivity,specificity,overall diagnostic coincidence rate,negative accuracy rate,positive accuracy rate,and lower false positive rate and false negative rate.Especially for the negative accuracy rate,fine-needle aspiration cell block biopsy was 77.27% (17/22),while fine-needle aspiration cells smear was 65.38%(17/26).Conclusion:The results of comparative analysis suggested that fine-needle aspiration cell block biopsy had unique value for breast lumps.This method was not only fast,simple and relatively accurate,but also the related diagnosis indexes of fine-needle aspiration cell block biopsy were superior to the fine-needle aspiration cells smear.And the characteristics of fine-needle aspiration cell block biopsy in the initial diagnostic procedure can provide important reference for clinic doctors.%目的:探讨针吸细胞块活检确诊乳腺肿块的诊断价值.方法:对118例乳腺肿块患者经针吸细胞涂片检查、针吸细胞块活检与术后组织学病理诊断对比分析.结果:针吸细胞块活检与针吸细胞学涂片的的诊断结果比较,前者的敏感性、特异性、总体诊断符合率、阴性准确率、阳性准确率均要高出后者,假阳性率及假阴性率亦低于后者.尤其阴性准确率,针吸细胞块活检为77.27%(17/22),针吸细胞学涂片为65.38%(17/26),高出近12%.结论:细胞块活检对乳腺癌肿块诊断有独特价值,该方法不仅快速、简便,较为准确,而且综合之相关诊断指标优于细胞涂片的结果,并能弥补细

  7. Drill biopsy in the diagnosis of lung lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shatapathy, P; Sahoo, R C; Rao, K M; Krishnan, K V; Rau, P V; Padhee, A

    1987-11-01

    A high speed pneumatic drill was used to perform 190 percutaneous transthoracic biopsies in 161 patients. The resultant cores of tissue provided a definite diagnosis in 146 patients, giving a success rate of 90.7%. Complications occurred in 58 patients, subcutaneous emphysema being the most common, though only seven patients required active treatment, giving a rate of 3.7% for important complications. One patient died within 24 hours of the biopsy procedure owing to asphyxia resulting from aspiration of the contents of an acutely dilated stomach. Our experience clearly establishes that the drill biopsy as used by us is simple and safe and can be carried out in an outpatient department, yielding better overall results than any other procedure for closed biopsy of the lung currently practised.

  8. Diagnostic value of fine needle aspiration biopsy in 'cold' thyroid nodules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study fined needle aspiration (FNA) was performed to ascertain a preoperative diagnosis in patients with cold thyroid nodules. A brief clinical history comprising of general physical and local examination was recorded on a proforma. Fine needle aspiration of thyroid nodules were performed with 5 ml disposable syringe (22g needle). Local anesthesia was not used. Four slides were prepared in each case, two were fixed in 95% alcohol for Pananicolau's stain and the Haematoxylin and Eosin while other two slides were air dried for May Grunwald Giemsa stains. Surgical specimens were received at the Department of Pathology and processed as per routine. Cytological and histological reporting was done separately and independently. Special stains were performed when required. A total of 91 patients were studied, in 14 cases aspirate was unsatisfactory and in 21 cases surgery was not performed. In 56 patient, histological correlation was available. Forty were reported benign, out of which 37 proved correct on histological examination. Of the eleven smears reported as follicular neoplasm, 9 proved correct and 2 reported as 'suspicious' and 3 as 'malignant' also proved malignant on histological examination. Sensitivity was 86.36% and specificity was 100%. Efficiency of the test was 94.9%. Fine needle aspiration biopsy was found to be simple and valuable technique for a reliable preoperative diagnosis of thyroid nodules. (author)

  9. Risk factors of pneumothorax in percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy of the lung

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy is known to be a useful diagnostic method for the diagnosis of various pulmonary diseases. Its diagnostic yield is high, and it is safe, but complications such as pneumothorax can occasionally occur. We reviewed the complications arising after needle aspiration biopsy and analyzed the risk factors of pneumothorax. The medical records and radiographic studies of 157 patients with various pulmonary diseases who underwent needle aspiration biopsy of the lung between 1990 and 1996 were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical features, treatment, and courses of complications were reviewed, and risk factors of pneumothorax such as depth and size of lesion, diameter of needle, number of punctures, and obstructive pulmonary abnormalities were analyzed. Complications occurred in 40 of 157cases(25.5%), namely pneumothorax in 26(16.6%), hemoptysis in 11(7%), hemothorax in two(1.3%), and recurrence of malignancy at the site of aspiration in one(0.6%). When the patients were divided into three groups according to depth of lesion, there were significant difference in the incidence of pneumothorax;the results were as follows:less than 2cm, 12.9%;between 2 and 4cm, 24.1%;and larger than 4cm, 57.1%(p<0.05). In pulmonary function testing, FVC(Forced Vital Capacity) of patients with pneumothorax was less than that of patients without(2.6±0.9L vs 3.1±0.8L, p<0.05), but FEV1(Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second), FEV1%(percentage of predicted FEV1), FEV1/FVC, and FVC% (percentage of predicted FVC) were not different between the two groups. The incidence of pneumothorax in patients with pleura-at-tached lesion (9%) was lower than that of those with non-attached lesion(26%, p=3D0.01). The age of patients, size of lesion, diameter of the needle, guidance methods and number of aspirations showed no significant relationship with pneumothorax. In needle aspiration biopsy of the lung, depth of lesion and passage of a needle through aerated lung are

  10. Ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration cytology versus core biopsy in the preoperative assessment of non-palpable breast lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Breast screening is a method of detecting breast cancer at a very early stage. Most of the lesions detected by screening are not malignant. Objective of this study was to compare ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration cytology and core biopsy in the preoperative assessment of non-palpable breast lesions. Methods: The study was conducted prospectively at Department of Radiology, Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Pakistan from March 2004 to February 2005. All the patients underwent fine needle aspiration cytology and core biopsy. Later on, all of them had excision biopsy/ mastectomy. Prospectively 80 patients were studied; information was collected on a specifically designed form according to inclusion criteria. The patient age, sex, medical record number and side of lesion were recorded. Clinical history of duration of lump was also taken. Informed consent was obtained. Results: The age of patients were ranges from 20-71 years, with mean of 44.31+- 11.002 and the maximum number of patients 28 (35.3%) was between the ages 50 - 59 years. The sensitivity of FNAC was 92.85%, while the specificity of was 90% and the accuracy rate was 92.1%. The sensitivity of core biopsy was 94.64%, specificity 91.30% and accuracy rate was 94.87%. Conclusion: Fine Needle Aspiration has been found to be an extremely useful method for the diagnosis of lumps of breast. The accuracy and the sensitivity of diagnosis on fine needle aspiration cytology were high. (author)

  11. Thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy: Do we really need an on-site cytopathologist?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cengic, Ismet, E-mail: ismetcengic@yahoo.com [Department of Radiology, Marmara University, School of Medicine, Fevzi Cakmak Mahallesi Mimar Sinan Caddesi No: 41, 34899 Ust Kaynarca Pendik, Istanbul (Turkey); Tureli, Derya, E-mail: deryatureli@yahoo.com [Department of Radiology, Marmara University, School of Medicine, Fevzi Cakmak Mahallesi Mimar Sinan Caddesi No: 41, 34899 Ust Kaynarca Pendik, Istanbul (Turkey); Ahiskali, Rengin, E-mail: renginiara@gmail.com [Department of Pathology, Marmara University, School of Medicine, Fevzi Cakmak Mahallesi Mimar Sinan Caddesi No: 41, 34899 Ust Kaynarca Pendik, Istanbul (Turkey); Bugdayci, Onur, E-mail: onurbug@hotmail.com [Department of Radiology, Marmara University, School of Medicine, Fevzi Cakmak Mahallesi Mimar Sinan Caddesi No: 41, 34899 Ust Kaynarca Pendik, Istanbul (Turkey); Aydin, Hilal, E-mail: hilalaltasaydin@gmail.com [Department of Radiology, Marmara University, School of Medicine, Fevzi Cakmak Mahallesi Mimar Sinan Caddesi No: 41, 34899 Ust Kaynarca Pendik, Istanbul (Turkey); Aribal, Erkin, E-mail: earibal@gmail.com [Department of Radiology, Marmara University, School of Medicine, Fevzi Cakmak Mahallesi Mimar Sinan Caddesi No: 41, 34899 Ust Kaynarca Pendik, Istanbul (Turkey)

    2014-04-15

    Purpose: The aim of this single center study is to evaluate the effectiveness of performing ultrasound-guided thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsies (FNAB) performed by the radiologist alone without an on-site cytopathologist. Materials and methods: In this prospective randomized study, 203 patients with single nodules measuring 10 mm or more underwent ultrasound-guided FNAB: 102 patients underwent FNAB performed by the radiologist accompanied by a cytopathologist (control group); 101 patients underwent FNAB by the radiologist alone (study group). In both groups biopsy time, specimen adequacy ratio, total aspiration number, cytopathologist's cytological diagnosis time (t1), cytopathologist's total time consumption (t2) were evaluated. Results: Mean total biopsy time was 8.74 ± 2.31 min in the study group and was significantly shorter than the control group's 11.97 ± 6.75 min (p = 0.004). The average number of aspirations per patient in the study group was 4.00 ± 0; compared to the control group's 3.56 ± 1.23 this was significantly higher (p = 0.001). t1 of the study group was 307.48 ± 226.32 s; compared to 350.14 ± 247.64 s in the control group, there was no statistically significant difference (p = 0.137). t2 of the study group was 672.93 ± 270.45 s; compared to the control group (707.03 ± 258.78 s) there was no statistically significant difference (p = 0.360). Diagnostic adequacy of aspirated specimens was reassessed in the pathology laboratory. In the study group, 84 out of 101 aspirations and in the control group 89 out of 102 aspirations was determined as adequate with no statistically significant difference (p = 0.302). Conclusions: We believe that in centers where a cytopathologist is not available, ultrasound-guided thyroid FNAB can be adequately performed by an experienced radiologist who was effectively trained in smear preparation.

  12. Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in Diagnosis of Pure Neuritic Leprosy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bipin Kumar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Leprosy is a chronic infection affecting mainly the skin and peripheral nerve. Pure neuritic form of this disease manifests by involvement of the nerve in the absence of skin lesions. Therefore, it can sometimes create a diagnostic problem. It often requires a nerve biopsy for diagnosis, which is an invasive procedure and may lead to neural deficit. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC of an affected nerve can be a valuable and less invasive procedure for the diagnosis of such cases. We report five suspected cases of pure neuritic Hansen's disease involving the common and superficial peroneal, ulnar, and median nerve, who underwent FNAC. Smears revealed nerve fibers infiltrated by chronic inflammatory cells in all cases, presence of epithelioid cells granulomas, and Langhans giant cells in three cases, and acid fast bacilli in two cases. In conclusion, FNAC is a safe, less invasive, and time saving procedure for the diagnosis of pure neuritic leprosy.

  13. Nerve Biopsy In The Diagnosis Of Leporsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hazra B

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Skin and nerve biopsies were done in 33 cases of different clinical types of leprosy selected from Dermatology OPD of Medical College and Hospitals, Calcutta during 1994-95. Histopathological results were compared with emphasis on the role of nerve biopsies in detection of patients with multibacillary leprosy. The evident possibility of having patients with multibacillary leprosy in peripheral leprosy with multiple drugs. It is found that skin and nerve biopsy are equally informative in borderline and lepromatour leprosy and is the only means to diagnose polyneuritic leprosy. Nerve biopsy appears to be more informative in the diagnosis of all clinical types of leprosy.

  14. Evaluation of large-needle biopsy for the diagnosis of cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roussel, F; Nouvet, G

    1995-01-01

    The arguments for a choice between a large or fine needle in the diagnosis of tumors are still unclear. This paper reviews the advantages and disadvantages of large-needle biopsy and fine needle aspiration. Reports indicate that although the procedures have the same diagnostic efficacy, the risk of tumor seeding is far higher following large-needle biopsy. For this reason it should be avoided for the diagnosis of cancer. The risk of tumor seeding after fine needle aspiration may be reduced by performance through a cover of normal parenchyma, by maintaining suction during withdrawal of the needle and by examining samples for quality during the procedure. PMID:7762331

  15. Application of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in the diagnosis of mediastinal lesions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Hui; LIU Jun; LI Jian-feng; JIANG Guan-chao; WANG Jun; ZHOU Zu-li; LI Yun; BU Liang; YANG Fan; SUI Xi-zhao; CHEN Ke-zhong; LI Xiao

    2011-01-01

    Background Mediastinal lesions are often difficult to diagnose in clinical practice because of the unique anatomical position of the mediastinum,which makes performance of biopsy difficult.The value of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in the diagnosis of lung cancer and mediastinal lymph node staging has been widely accepted.However,few studies have been conducted on the value of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of mediastinal lesions.The current study was conducted to investigate the value of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of isolated mediastinal lesions without lung abnormalities.Methods We retrospectively analyzed the data of patients with isolated mediastinal lesions without lung abnormalities for whom endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration examination was performed at the Department of Thoracic Surgery of Peking University People's Hospital,between September 2009 and December 2010.For patients who could not be diagnosed with endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration,surgical biopsy or more than 6 months of clinical and imaging follow-up was carried out.Results Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration was performed for 60 patients with isolated mediastinal lesions.Correct diagnosis was made in 48 cases.Nineteen cases were malignant,and 29 were benign.The rate of correct diagnosis was 80%.The sensitivity,specificity,and accuracy of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in distinguishing benign from malignant mediastinal lesions were 95%,100%,and 98%,respectively.The examination was tolerable for all patients.No associated complications were observed.Conclusion Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration is a safe and effective method of diagnosing

  16. MDCT-Guided Transthoracic Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Lung Using the Transscapular Approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study is to report our preliminary experience using MDCT-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy using the transscapular approach in the upper posterolateral lung nodules, an area that it is difficult or hazardous to reach with the conventional approach. Five patients underwent CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy of the lung via the transscapular approach. A coaxial needle technique was used in all patients. Biopsy was successful in all patients. No major complications were encountered. One patient developed a minimal pneumothorax next to the lesion immediately after biopsy, which resolved spontaneously. MDCT-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy of the lung via the transscapular approach is an effective and safe procedure that reduces the risk of pneumothorax in selected patients.

  17. Role of Manual Aspiration in Treating Pneumothorax after Computed Tomography-Guided Lung Biopsy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Pneumothorax is the most common complication after computed tomography (CT)-guided lung biopsy. The presence of a pneumothorax per se does not complicate patient management, but an increasing pneumothorax, making chest tube placement necessary, is highly problematic. Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and limitations of simple aspiration of air from the pleural space to prevent increased pneumothorax and avoid chest tube placement in cases of pneumothorax following CT-guided lung biopsy. Material and Methods: The subjects of our study were 642 consecutive lung lesions in 594 patients for which percutaneous needle lung biopsies were performed using CT guidance. While patients were on the CT scanner table, percutaneous manual aspiration was performed in all patients with a non-small pneumothorax demonstrated on post-biopsy chest CT images. The frequency of pneumothorax, management of each such case, and factors influencing the incidence of worsening pneumothorax that finally required chest tube placement were evaluated. Results: Post-biopsy pneumothorax occurred in 243 of 642 (38%) procedures. Of the 243 cases, 112 were treated with manual aspiration immediately after biopsy. In 210 (86.4%), the pneumothorax had resolved completely on follow-up chest radiographs without chest tube placement. Only 33 patients required chest tube placement. Requirement of chest tube insertion significantly increased in parallel with the degree of pneumothorax as shown on post-biopsy CT images. The rate of chest tube insertion was statistically higher in subjects with values for aspirated air above 543 ml. Conclusion: Percutaneous manual aspiration of biopsy-induced pneumothorax performed immediately after biopsy may prevent worsening of pneumothorax and avoid chest tube placement. The amount of aspirated air can be predictive of the requirement for chest tube placement

  18. Role of Manual Aspiration in Treating Pneumothorax after Computed Tomography-Guided Lung Biopsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamagami, T.; Terayama, K.; Yoshimatsu, R.; Matsumoto, T.; Miura, H.; Nishimura, T. (Dept. of Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural Univ. of Medicine, Kyoto (Japan)). e-mail: yamagami@koto.kpu-m.ac.jp

    2009-12-15

    Background: Pneumothorax is the most common complication after computed tomography (CT)-guided lung biopsy. The presence of a pneumothorax per se does not complicate patient management, but an increasing pneumothorax, making chest tube placement necessary, is highly problematic. Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and limitations of simple aspiration of air from the pleural space to prevent increased pneumothorax and avoid chest tube placement in cases of pneumothorax following CT-guided lung biopsy. Material and Methods: The subjects of our study were 642 consecutive lung lesions in 594 patients for which percutaneous needle lung biopsies were performed using CT guidance. While patients were on the CT scanner table, percutaneous manual aspiration was performed in all patients with a non-small pneumothorax demonstrated on post-biopsy chest CT images. The frequency of pneumothorax, management of each such case, and factors influencing the incidence of worsening pneumothorax that finally required chest tube placement were evaluated. Results: Post-biopsy pneumothorax occurred in 243 of 642 (38%) procedures. Of the 243 cases, 112 were treated with manual aspiration immediately after biopsy. In 210 (86.4%), the pneumothorax had resolved completely on follow-up chest radiographs without chest tube placement. Only 33 patients required chest tube placement. Requirement of chest tube insertion significantly increased in parallel with the degree of pneumothorax as shown on post-biopsy CT images. The rate of chest tube insertion was statistically higher in subjects with values for aspirated air above 543 ml. Conclusion: Percutaneous manual aspiration of biopsy-induced pneumothorax performed immediately after biopsy may prevent worsening of pneumothorax and avoid chest tube placement. The amount of aspirated air can be predictive of the requirement for chest tube placement

  19. Management issues in breast lesions diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration and percutaneous core breast biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, Pascale; Simsir, Aylin; Cangiarella, Joan

    2006-06-01

    The use offine-needle aspiration biopsy or percutaneous core needle biopsy to diagnose breast lesions has increased during the past few decades. Although the benefits of these procedures are well known, controversies remain about the management of certain categories of breast lesions detected by these methods. This article discusses the management issues in categories of breast lesions, including papillary lesions, atypical lobular hyperplasia and lobular carcinoma in situ, and mucinous lesions diagnosed by the preoperative techniques of aspiration or core biopsy. PMID:16830962

  20. Comparison of ultrasound-guided core biopsy versus fine-needle aspiration biopsy in the evaluation of salivary gland lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douville, Nicholas J; Bradford, Carol R

    2013-11-01

    Ultrasound-guided core biopsy provides many benefits compared with fine-needle aspiration cytology and has begun to emerge as part of the diagnostic work-up for a salivary gland lesion. Although the increased potential for tumor-seeding and capsule rupture has been extensively discussed, the safety of this procedure is widely accepted based on infrequent reports of tumor-seeding. In fact, a review of the literature shows only 2 cases of salivary tumor seeding following biopsy with larger-gauge needle characteristics, with 2 reported cases of salivary tumor seeding following fine-needle aspiration cytology. However, the follow-up interval of such studies (benefits of ultrasound-guided core biopsy over fine-needle aspiration biopsy, which include both improved consistency and diagnostic accuracy, current studies lack adequate patient numbers and follow-up duration to confirm comparable safety profile to currently accepted fine-needle aspiration cytology. In this report we: (1) compare the relative benefits of each procedure, (2) review evidence regarding tumor seeding in each procedure, (3) discuss time course and patient numbers necessary to detect tumor recurrence, and (4) describe how these uncertainties should be factored into clinical considerations. PMID:23109044

  1. Fine-needle aspiration cytology and biopsy in hepatic masses: A minimally invasive diagnostic approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jitendra G Nasit

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims and Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic sensitivity, usefulness and limitations of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC and fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB in the diagnosis of hepatic masses. Materials and Methods: FNAC was performed on 150 cases of hepatic masses under guidance of ultrasound or computed tomography (CT scan. Adequate diagnostic aspirates were obtained in 147 cases (98.0%. Smears were stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H and E, and Papanicolaou stains. FNAB was obtained from the same 149 cases (except one and stained with HE stain. The hepatic masses were categorized into benign, malignant and inflammatory groups. Results: Out of 150 hepatic masses, 3.3% were benign, 94.26% were malignant and 2% were inflammatory lesions. FNAC and FNAB were unsatisfactory for evaluation in 3 out of the 150 cases (2% and 6 out of 149 cases (4.02%, respectively. Correct cytological diagnoses were achieved in 129 out of the 150 cases (diagnostic sensitivity: 86%. FNAB gave satisfactory results in 143 out of 149 cases (diagnostic sensitivity: 95.77%. Cytological diagnoses of 21 cases were not consistent with histology (false negativity: 14%. Cyto-histological correlation showed 87.32% diagnostic sensitivity of FNAC for malignant tumors, whereas benign tumors posed maximum diagnostic problems, with sensitivity of 40%. This difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05. FNAB showed a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05 compared with FNAC in the diagnosis of benign and malignant hepatic masses. FNAC showed 100% diagnostic sensitivity for inflammatory lesions. Conclusion: Malignant tumors of liver can be confidently diagnosed on FNAC. However, FNAC has a few limitations and diagnostic challenges in benign lesions, well-differentiated and poorly differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma, and metastatic carcinoma. Microhistology by FNAB allows architectural, cellular and immunohistochemical evaluation. To obtain maximum

  2. Fuzzy method for pre-diagnosis of breast cancer from the Fine Needle Aspirate analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Sizilio Gláucia RMA; Leite Cicília RM; Guerreiro Ana MG; Neto Adrião D Dória

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Across the globe, breast cancer is one of the leading causes of death among women and, currently, Fine Needle Aspirate (FNA) with visual interpretation is the easiest and fastest biopsy technique for the diagnosis of this deadly disease. Unfortunately, the ability of this method to diagnose cancer correctly when the disease is present varies greatly, from 65% to 98%. This article introduces a method to assist in the diagnosis and second opinion of breast cancer from the an...

  3. Progression of Infection after Surgical CT Navigation-Assisted Aspiration Biopsy of a Vertebral Abscess

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasiliki Spyropoulou

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background Context. Computed tomography- (CT- guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the vertebral body is an important tool in the diagnostic evaluation of vertebral osteomyelitis. The procedure is considered simple to perform and it is considered a safe procedure with few complications. Purpose. The purpose of this study was to describe an unusual complication due to a CT-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the vertebral body of L3, to better understand the relationship between surgical procedure and complication, and to reflect on how to avoid it. Study Design/Setting. Case report and literature review. Methods. The medical records, laboratory findings, and radiographic imaging studies of an 11-year-old boy, with an unusual complication due to a CT-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the vertebral body of L3, were reviewed. Results. We report a case of vertebral osteomyelitis of L3 caused by methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA. Following a computed tomography-guided aspiration biopsy of the vertebral body of L3, vertebral osteomyelitis rapidly progressed into the vertebral body of L4 as well as the L3-L4 disk. Conclusions. Based on the present case, one should consider that a CT-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the vertebral body may be complicated by a progression of a vertebral osteomyelitis into both the intervertebral disk and also the adjacent vertebral body.

  4. Diagnosing breast lesions by fine needle aspiration cytology or core biopsy: which is better?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tse, Gary M; Tan, Puay-Hoon

    2010-08-01

    Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and core needle biopsy (CNB) are widely used in diagnosing breast lesions, with both achieving high sensitivity and specificity. Whether FNAC or CNB is better remains highly controversial. In this review, the advantages and disadvantages of each of these methods are discussed, especially in relation to specific problematic groups of breast lesions. In general, CNB has a slight advantage with lower inadequate and suspicious rates, allowing easier grade assessment and ancillary testings (hormome receptors, HER2) in cases of cancers. FNAC cannot reliably predict invasion in a malignant aspirate, whereas CNB, although useful in confirming invasion in carcinomas, has a much lower efficacy in predicting invasion when only in situ carcinoma is detected. The other problematic areas are papillary breast lesions and fibroepithelial lesions, notably phyllodes tumors. In papillary lesions, FNAC diagnosis is inaccurate, but with CNB, one can confidently diagnose papillary lesion, although there is still significant false positive and false negative rates, even with immunohistochemistry. For fibroepithelial lesions, using either FNAC or CNB to differentiate between a phyllodes tumor from fibroadenoma is also inaccurate. As management of breast diseases necessitates the triple approach (clinical, imaging and pathological), an awareness of the limitations of these very useful diagnostic modalities by all specialists is prudent, especially when dealing with these specific groups of breast lesions. PMID:20526738

  5. Diagnostic accuracy and safety of CT-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy in cavitary pulmonary lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhuang, Yi-Ping, E-mail: yipingzhuang2010@sina.com [Department of Radiology, Jiangsu Cancer Institute and Hospital, No. 42 Baiziting Road, Nanjing 210009, Jiangsu (China); Wang, Hai-Yan, E-mail: mycherishgirl@sohu.com [Department of Radiology, Jiangsu Cancer Institute and Hospital, No. 42 Baiziting Road, Nanjing 210009, Jiangsu (China); Zhang, Jin, E-mail: yari_zj@hotmail.com [Department of Radiology, Jiangsu Cancer Institute and Hospital, No. 42 Baiziting Road, Nanjing 210009, Jiangsu (China); Feng, Yong, E-mail: fengyong119@sohu.com [Department of Radiology, Jiangsu Cancer Institute and Hospital, No. 42 Baiziting Road, Nanjing 210009, Jiangsu (China); Zhang, Lei, E-mail: motozl163@163.com [Department of Radiology, Jiangsu Cancer Institute and Hospital, No. 42 Baiziting Road, Nanjing 210009, Jiangsu (China)

    2013-01-15

    Objective: CT-guided transthoracic biopsy is a well-established method in the cytologic or histologic diagnosis of pulmonary lesions. The knowledge of its diagnostic performance and complications for cavitary pulmonary lesions is limited. The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy and safety of CT-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) in cavitary pulmonary lesions. Materials and methods: 102 consecutive patients with pulmonary cavitary lesions received CT-guided FNAB with use of an 18-gauge (n = 35) or 20-gauge (n = 67) Chiba for histology diagnosis. The sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of FNAB were calculated as compared with the final diagnosis. Complications associated with FNAB were observed. The diagnostic accuracy and complications were compared between patients with different lesion sizes and different cavity wall thickness. Results: The overall sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of FNAB were 96.3%, 98.0%, and 96.1%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, and diagnosis accuracy in different lesion size (<2 cm vs ≥2 cm), or different cavity wall thickness (<5 mm vs ≥5 mm) were not different (P > 0.05; 0.235). More nondiagnostic sample was found in wall thickness <5 mm lesions (P = 0.017). Associated complications included pneumothorax in 9 (8.8%) patients and alveolar hemorrhage in 14 patients (13.7%) and hemoptysis in 1 patient (1%). No different rate of complications was found with regard to lesion size, wall thickness, length of the needle path and needle size (P > 0.05). Conclusion: CT-guided FNAB can be effectively ad safely used for patients with pulmonary cavitary lesions.

  6. Fine-Needle Aspirate CYFRA 21-1, an Innovative New Marker for Diagnosis of Axillary Lymph Node Metastasis in Breast Cancer Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Choi, Ji Soo; Han, Kyung Hwa; Kim, Eun-Kyung; Moon, Hee Jung; Yoon, Jung Hyun; Kim, Min Jung

    2015-01-01

    Abstract To compare the value of cytokeratin fragment 21-1 (CYFRA 21-1) concentration in the fine-needle biopsy aspirates (fine needle aspirate [FNA] CYFRA 21-1) with cytopathology of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNA cytology) and to assess whether CYFRA 21-1 concentrations from ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB) specimens (FNA CYFRA 21-1) is not inferior to FNA cytology in the diagnosis of axillary lymph node (ALN) metastasis of breast cancer patients. This study rec...

  7. APPLICATION OF LIQUID-BASED CYTOLOGY TO FINE-NEEDLE ASPIRATION BIOPSIES OF THE THYROID GLAND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guido eFadda

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available FNAB (fine-needle aspiration biopsy is regarded as an important tool for diagnosing thyroid lesions because of its simplicity, safety and cost-effectiveness. Its role in correctly characterizing the group of indeterminate lesions or follicular-patterned neoplasms (FN might be more decisive. LBC (Liquid-based cytology is a technique based on the use of a semi-automated device that has gained popularity as a method of collecting and processing both gynecologic and non-gynecologic cytologic specimens. It achieves a diagnostic sensitivity as accurate as conventional preparations especially for its excellent cell preservation and for the lack of background which decrease the amount of inadequate diagnoses. Moreover, the cellular material which has been stored in the preservative solution could be effectively used for the application of immunocytochemical and molecular techniques used especially for the Follicular proliferations . In many cases the cytologic features are similar in both methods but the colloid film and the lymphocytic component are more easily evaluated on direct smears whereas nuclear details and colloid globules are better evaluated in LBC slides. The LBC processed biopsies represent a valid alternative to conventional cytology. The possibility of applying special techniques enhance the efficacy of the cytological diagnosis of thyroid lesions.

  8. Blind aspiration biopsy versus a guided hysteroscopic technique for investigation of the endometrium in infertile women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ejzenberg, Dani; Simões, Manuel de Jesus; Pinheiro, Walter; Soares, José Maria; Serafini, Paulo Cesar; Baracat, Edmund Chada

    2016-09-01

    Embryo implantation failure and recurrent abortion are common indications for endometrial evaluation to determine the implantation window and diagnose endometrial anomalies. There are few research studies comparing the efficacy of different techniques used for endometrial sampling in infertile females during the luteal phase. Likewise, morphometric studies of the endometrium through aspiration biopsy are scant. A cross-sectional study of 30 infertile and 10 fertile females was carried out. The study participants underwent hysteroscopic and aspiration biopsies (pipelle) at the midluteal phase. Computer-assisted morphometric and pathological anatomy analyses were conducted independently by two pathologists blinded to the study. The two endometrial sampling biopsy techniques were compared through morphometric and pathological anatomy analyses using three parameters: a) the amount of material collected for the endometrial studies; b) the scope and origin of sampled materials; and c) the quality of the sample. Both biopsy techniques produced sufficient material for analysis. The directed biopsies yielded higher quality samples from targeted segments of the uterine cavity because samples were homogeneous and had no architectural distortion (pEndometritis was detected in 10% of the infertile women. Our findings suggest that hysteroscopic biopsies are superior to blinded aspiration biopsies. PMID:26806353

  9. Comparison study of procedures for aspiration of biopsy samples

    OpenAIRE

    Mendonça, Paula; Miúdo, Catarina; Leitão, Dina

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: The samples obtained from fine needle aspiration in liquid base cytology (FNAC) are often limited by scarce cellularity compared to the amount of colloid and presence of blood. Accordingly, it was important to test alternative technical procedures so as to maximize the cellularity of each sample. Objective: To compare the morphological features and cellularity of the three procedures in the FNAC cytodiagnosis of the thyroid. Methods: A total of 31 cases were each subjec...

  10. Results and complications of CT-guided transthoracic fine-needle aspiration biopsy of pulmonary lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: to analyze the cytological findings of CT-guided percutaneous fine-needle aspiration biopsies of the lung, to demonstrate the diagnostic feasibility of the method in the investigation of pulmonary lesions, and to determine the complications of the procedure, evaluating its safety. Methods: a retrospective analysis of 89 patients with various types of pulmonary lesions who underwent 97 procedures over a period of five years. The patients were divided into groups regarding the indication for the procedure: suspicion of primary lung cancer (stages IIIB or IV); suspicion of lung cancer (stages I, II, or IIIA) and clinical contraindications for surgery; suspicion of pulmonary metastasis from other organs; and pulmonary lesions with benign radiological aspect. All of the procedures were performed with 25-gauge needles and were guided by spiral CT. The final diagnosis was confirmed by surgical biopsy and clinical/oncological follow-up. For the analysis of complications, the total number of procedures was considered. Results: the main indication for the procedure was suspicion of advanced stage primary lung cancer. The accuracy of the method for malignant lesions was 91.5%. The lesion was confirmed as cancer in 73% of the patients. The major complication was pneumothorax (27.8%), which required chest tube drainage in 12.4% of the procedures. Conclusions: the principal indication for CT-guided fine-needle biopsy was suspicion of primary lung cancer in patients who were not surgical candidates. The procedure has high diagnostic feasibility for malignant pulmonary diseases. The most prevalent complication was pneumothorax. However, in most cases, chest tube drainage was unnecessary. No deaths were related to the procedure. (author)

  11. Results and complications of CT-guided transthoracic fine-needle aspiration biopsy of pulmonary lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lima, Cristiano Dias de; Nunes, Rodolfo Acatauassu; Saito, Eduardo Haruo; Higa, Claudio; Cardona, Zanier Jose Fernando; Santos, Denise Barbosa dos, E-mail: cristianodiaslima@gmail.co [Hospital Universitario Pedro Ernesto (HUPE/UERJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Dept. Cirurgia Toracica

    2011-03-15

    Objective: to analyze the cytological findings of CT-guided percutaneous fine-needle aspiration biopsies of the lung, to demonstrate the diagnostic feasibility of the method in the investigation of pulmonary lesions, and to determine the complications of the procedure, evaluating its safety. Methods: a retrospective analysis of 89 patients with various types of pulmonary lesions who underwent 97 procedures over a period of five years. The patients were divided into groups regarding the indication for the procedure: suspicion of primary lung cancer (stages IIIB or IV); suspicion of lung cancer (stages I, II, or IIIA) and clinical contraindications for surgery; suspicion of pulmonary metastasis from other organs; and pulmonary lesions with benign radiological aspect. All of the procedures were performed with 25-gauge needles and were guided by spiral CT. The final diagnosis was confirmed by surgical biopsy and clinical/oncological follow-up. For the analysis of complications, the total number of procedures was considered. Results: the main indication for the procedure was suspicion of advanced stage primary lung cancer. The accuracy of the method for malignant lesions was 91.5%. The lesion was confirmed as cancer in 73% of the patients. The major complication was pneumothorax (27.8%), which required chest tube drainage in 12.4% of the procedures. Conclusions: the principal indication for CT-guided fine-needle biopsy was suspicion of primary lung cancer in patients who were not surgical candidates. The procedure has high diagnostic feasibility for malignant pulmonary diseases. The most prevalent complication was pneumothorax. However, in most cases, chest tube drainage was unnecessary. No deaths were related to the procedure. (author)

  12. The role of fine-needle aspiration biopsy in the dynamic monitoring of patients with nodular goiter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Semkina

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Review of the literature devoted to the relevance of fine-needle aspiration biopsy in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Application of the new classification system, the interpretation of FNA can significantly increase the reproducibility of the method and reduce the number of false-negative results. This review summarizes recent data on the epidemiology of thyroid nodules, new system of the interpretation of FNA cytology findings, the role of FNA in the dynamic monitoring of benign tumors of thyroid gland.

  13. False Negative Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy Results in Primary Thyroid Lymphoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, In Joong; Kim, Eun Kyung; Koh, Myoung Ju; Kwak, Jin Young; Moon, Hee Jung [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-06-15

    Ultrasonography-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNA) is one of the methods used to diagnose thyroid lymphoma, but it has a relatively high false-negative rate. The authors report a case of a primary thyroid lymphoma associated with underlying lymphocytic thyroiditis that was initially misdiagnosed as lymphocytic thyroiditis based on US-FNA findings

  14. Yield of noncardiac biopsy for the diagnosis of transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fine, Nowell M; Arruda-Olson, Adelaide M; Dispenzieri, Angela; Zeldenrust, Steven R; Gertz, Morie A; Kyle, Robert A; Swiecicki, Paul L; Scott, Christopher G; Grogan, Martha

    2014-05-15

    Transthyretin (ATTR) cardiac amyloidosis may be because of mutant transthyretin causing familial amyloid cardiomyopathy (FAC) or wild-type transthyretin causing systemic senile amyloidosis (SSA). Histologic confirmation is often challenging and may require endomyocardial biopsy (EMB). The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of amyloid protein deposition in positive noncardiac organ biopsy or fat aspiration in patients with ATTR cardiac amyloidosis. The medical records of 286 patients (mean age 66 ± 11, 85% men) with a diagnosis of ATTR cardiac amyloidosis at our institution who underwent noncardiac biopsy or subcutaneous fat aspiration were reviewed, including 186 patients (65%) with FAC and 100 patients (35%) with SSA. One hundred and thirty-one patients (46%) had EMB, all of which were positive. There were 210 patients (73%) with positive noncardiac tissue sampling, including 175 patients (94%) with FAC and 35 patients (35%) with SSA (p <0.001). There were 141 patients (76%) with FAC and 84 patients (84%) with SSA who underwent fat aspiration, and 67% and 14% were positive, respectively, whereas 100 (54%) and 64 (64%) underwent bone marrow biopsy, and 41% and 30% were positive, respectively. Rectal and sural nerve biopsies were performed in 52 (28%) and 54 (29%) patients with FAC and were positive in 81% and 83%, respectively. Biopsy of other noncardiac sites was performed with relatively lower frequency. In conclusion, although EMB is more commonly required to establish the diagnosis of SSA than FAC, noncardiac biopsy or fat aspiration could be considered as initial testing in patients evaluated for ATTR cardiac amyloidosis with characteristic echocardiography findings. PMID:24698461

  15. Comparison of a new aspiration needle device and the Quick-Core biopsy needle for transjugular liver biopsy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Toru Ishikawa; Tomoteru Kamimura; Hiroteru Kamimura; Atsunori Tsuchiya; Tadayuki Togashi; Kouji Watanabe; Kei-ichi Seki; Hironobu Ohta; Toshiaki Yoshida; Noriko Ishihara

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate sample adequacy, safety, and needle passes of a new biopsy needle device compared to the Quick-Core biopsy needle for transjugular liver biopsy in patients affected by liver disease.METHODS: Thirty consecutive liver-disease patients who had major coagulation abnormalities and/or relevant ascites underwent transjugular liver biopsy using either a new needle device (18 patients) or the Quick-Core biopsy needle (12 patients). The length of the specimens was measured before fixation. A pathologist reviewed the histological slides for sample adequacy and pathologic diagnoses. The two methods' specimen adequacy and complication rates were assessed.RESULTS: Liver biopsies were technically successful in all 30 (100%) patients, with diagnostic histological core specimens obtained in 30 of 30 (100%) patients, for an overall success rate of 100%. With the new device,18 specimens were obtained, with an average of 1.1passes per patient. Using the Quick-Core biopsy needle,12 specimens were obtained, with an average of 1.8passes per patient. Specimen length was significantly longer with the new needle device than with the QuickCore biopsy needle (P < 0.05). The biopsy tissue was not fragmented in any of the specimens with the new aspiration needle device, but tissue was fragmented in 3 of 12 (25.0%) specimens obtained using the Quick-Core biopsy needle. Complications included cardiac arrhythmia in 3 (10.0%) patients, and transient abdominal pain in 4 (13.3%) patients. There were no cases of subcapsular hematoma, hemoperitoneum, or sepsis, and there was no death secondary to the procedure. In particular, no early or delayed major procedure-related complications were observed in any patient.CONCLUSION: Transjugular liver biopsy is a safe and effective procedure, and there was significant difference in the adequacy of the specimens obtained using the new needle device compared to the QuickCore biopsy needle. Using the new biopsy needle device,the specimens showed

  16. O diagnóstico do carcinoma metastático de coróide pela biópsia aspirativa com agulha fina (BAAF: relato de caso The diagnosis of metastatic carcinoma of the choroid using fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zélia Maria da Silva Corrêa

    2003-01-01

    male, while being treated for a solitary pulmonary condensation, reported sudden loss of vision, pain, discharge and red eye (right eye for 10 days. During the ophthalmic examination a nonregmatogenous retinal detachment as well as multiple choroidal tumors were confirmed by diagnostic ocular ultrasound. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB was suggested to diagnose a possible metastatic disease. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy was performed under peribulbar anesthesia with sedation. A transvitreous route was chosen through a sclerotomy 4 mm from the limbus. The procedure was monitored via binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy. Two sample aspirates were obtained from different tumour foci. After fine-needle aspiration biopsy, the aspirates were sent for processing, fixation and stained with Papanicolaou and HE. RESULTS: Cytology confirmed the diagnosis of multiple metastatic tumors. Immunocytochemistry of ocular and lung aspirates revealed a common cell origin by a pankeratin (AE1/AE3 positive test. Regardless of systemic treatment with chemotherapy and improvement of the ocular status, the patient died 4 months after cytological diagnosis of metastatic carcinoma of the choroid. CONCLUSIONS: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy was efficient to diagnose and correlate ocular cytology with the primary tumor by imunohistochemical methods in this case. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy should still be used only in selected cases and further research will be necessary for it to become a standard diagnostic procedure in ophthalmology.

  17. Diagnostic efficacy of computed tomography-guided transthoracic needle aspiration and biopsy in patients with pulmonary disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuna T

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Tibel Tuna,1 Sevket Ozkaya,2 Adem Dirican,2 Serhat Findik,3 Atilla G Atici,3 Levent Erkan31Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Samsun Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Hospital, 2Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Medical Park Samsun Hospital, 3Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Samsun Ondokuzmayis University, Samsun, TurkeyBackground: Computed tomography-guided transthoracic needle aspiration (TTNA and biopsy (TTNB is a well established, safe, and rapid method of reaching a definitive diagnosis for most thoracic lesions. The present study aimed to determine the roles of TTNA and TTNB in the diagnosis of pulmonary diseases and to compare the results using these two techniques.Methods: TTNB and TTNA were performed in 105 patients admitted to our clinic due to peripheral pulmonary lesions between May 2005 and November 2007. Needle biopsies were performed using 18-gauge Tru-Cut® biopsy needles and aspirations was performed using 18-20-22-gauge Chiba needles.Results: Malignant lesions diagnosed by TTNB were non-small cell lung carcinoma (51 patients, 73%, small cell lung carcinoma (nine patients, 13%, malignant tissue (three patients, 5%, lymphoma (two patients, 3%, thymoma (two patients, 3%, plasmacytoma (one patient, 1%, rhabdomyosarcoma (one patient, 1%, and metastasis (one patient, 1%. The malignant lesions diagnosed by TTNA were non-small cell lung carcinoma in eleven patients (92% and malignant tissue in one patient (8%. Three (100% of the benign lesions diagnosed by TTNB were granulomas and two (100% benign lesions diagnosed by TTNA were infarctions. When the diagnostic value of TTNB and TTNA was compared, TTNB was significantly superior. Malignant lesions were identified in 70 (84% and benign lesions were identified in three (4% of the 83 patients in the TTNB group. Ten (12% patients in the TTNB group could not be diagnosed. Malignant lesions were found in 12 (55% and benign lesions were found in two (9% of the 22

  18. Initial experience with new dedicated needles for laparoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration and histological biopsies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, M B; Durup, J; Pless, T;

    2001-01-01

    to incorrect handling of the specimen. The biopsy procedures lasted 16.3 minutes (range 10-20 minutes) and no complications were seen. CONCLUSIONS: LUS-guided fine-needle aspiration or Trucut biopsy is possible using this newly developed biopsy system. These preliminary data suggest that LUS-guided biopsy may......BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Laparoscopic ultrasonography (LUS) is an important imaging modality during laparoscopic staging of intra-abdominal malignancies, but LUS-assisted biopsy is often difficult or impossible. We report a newly developed inbuilt biopsy system for direct LUS-guided fine-needle...... aspiration (FNA) and Tru-cut biopsies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: LUS-guided biopsy was performed in 20 patients with upper gastrointestinal tract tumors. The biopsied lesions had either not been previously detected by other imaging modalities or had been inaccessible, or the biopsy sample had been inadequate...

  19. Thyroid cancer detected by ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yokozawa, T; Fukata, S; Kuma, K; Matsuzuka, F; Kobayashi, A; Hirai, K; Miyauchi, A; Sugawara, M

    1996-09-01

    A greater percentage of thyroid cancers can be detected by ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (UG-FNAB) than by ordinary FNAB. A group of 678 patients were selected sequentially as having been diagnosed with benign nodules by the conventional FNAB method. We reexamined these patients by UG-FNAB and investigated the types of thyroid cancer that were missed by the conventional FNAB. Of the 678 patients diagnosed with benign nodules (using conventional FNAB), 571 (84.2%) demonstrated the same diagnosis when UG-FNAB was used. The remaining 107 patients (15.8%) studied were suspected of having a malignancy after UG-FNAB had been performed. Surgical specimen histology proved thyroid cancer in 99 of the 107 patients: 93 had papillary carcinoma, 4 had follicular carcinoma, 1 had medullary carcinoma and 1 had anaplastic carcinoma. Two drawbacks were noted when conventional FNAB was used: (1) cancer lesions difficult to palpate (n = 55) (e.g., small cancers with or without benign lesions or cancers associated with Hashimoto's thyroiditis or Graves' disease); and (2) palpable cancers with insufficient cell material for analysis (n = 44) (e.g., cystic carcinoma and cancers with calcified lesions. UG-FNAB is a powerful technique for detecting microcancers, cystic carcinomas, cancers associated with benign nodules, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, or coarse calcifications. PMID:8678961

  20. Endoscopic ultrasound with fine needle aspiration and biopsy in lung cancer and isolated mediastinal lymphadenopathy.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Nadarajan, P

    2010-03-01

    Endoscopic ultrasound with fine-needle aspiration and biopsy (EUS-FNAB) is well established in diagnosing and staging lung cancer in patients with mediastinal adenopathy. EUS-FNAB is highly sensitive, less invasive and has lower complication rates when compared to surgical staging of mediastinal nodes. In this study we describe our experience of EUS-FNAB in lung cancer and other causes of mediastinal lymphadenopathy. EUS-FNAB was performed for assessment of PET positive mediastinal lymph nodes between January 2007 and March 2009 in AMNCH. The endpoints of our study were sensitivity and specificity of EUS-FNAB, morbidity and length of hospital stay. Thirty four patients underwent EUS-FNAB during the study period for both diagnosis and staging. Thirty patients had positive lymph node invasion and 4 had no evidence of malignant invasion. In these 4 patients negative cytology was confirmed on mediastinoscopy giving EUS-FNAB a sensitivity and specificity of 100%. EUS-FNAB upstaged the disease in 12 patients. EUS-FNAB is a reliable tool for mediastinal staging in lung cancer, significantly reducing the need for surgical staging procedures in patients with suspected mediastinal involvement.

  1. Diagnosis of foregut and tailgut cysts by endosonographically guided fine-needle aspiration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Diane A; Pu, Robert T; Pang, Yijun

    2007-01-01

    Foregut, hindgut, and tailgut cysts are uncommon developmental anomalies. Clinical and radiological diagnosis can present many challenges, especially in adult patients or when the lesions are in unique locations. Thus, diagnosis has traditionally been provided upon surgical resection. We describe the diagnoses of a gastric foregut cyst and a retrorectal tailgut cyst by endosonographically guided fine-needle aspiration in two adults. The common cytologic features of the specimens are ciliated epithelial cells, proteinaceous material with degenerated debris, histiocytes, and benign appearing epithelium of squamous and/or gastrointestinal type that lack cytologic atypia. The identification of ciliated columnar cells is the key finding. Cytologic diagnosis via endosonographically guided fine-needle aspiration of foregut/hindgut cyst is accurate and less traumatic than surgical biopsies. PMID:17173292

  2. Biological characteristics of HCC by ultrasound-guided aspiration biopsy and its clinical application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li-Wu Lin; Xue-Ying Lin; Yi-Mi He; Shang-Da Gao; Xiao-Dong Lin

    2003-01-01

    AIM: To probe the pathological biological characteristics of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by the ultrasound-guided aspiration biopsy and assess the clinical application value of this method.METHODS: The biopsy and DNA analysis by flow cytometry (FCM) were taken in 46 cases with HCC nodules, including 26 cases and 20 cases with nodules ≤3 cm and >3 cm in diameters respectively, and 12 cases with intrahepatic benign hyperplastic nodules. They were taken in 22 cases of 46cases with HCC before and after the therapy. Fine-needles and automatic histological incised biopsy needles were used.The fresh biopsy tissue was produced into the single cell suspension, which was sent for DNA detection and ratio analysis of cell period. The ratio of each DNA period of cell proliferation of each group was calculated and compared with each other. The DNA aneuploid (AN) and apoptosis cell peak were observed and their percentages were calculated.RESULTS: The ratios of S and G2/M periods of DNA, which reflect cell hyperproliferation, in the group with HCC tumors >3 cm in diameter were markedly higher than those of the group with HCC nodules ≤3 cm in diameter and the group with the benign hyperplastic nodules (P<0.01 except A:B of S period, P<0.05). The ratios of the middle group were also apparently higher than those of the latter group (P<0.01).The ratio of DNA AN of 46 cases with HCC nodules was 34.8 % (16/46). None of the cases with the intrahepatic hyperplastic nodules appeared AN. The DNA AN appeared more apparently with the growth of the tumors. The AN ratio of the group with tumors >3 cm in diameter was 55 %(11/20), markedly higher than that of the group with tumors ≤3 cm in diameter which was 19.2 % (5/26) (P<0.01). The FCM DNA analysis of 22 specimens of hepatic carcinoma tissue before therapy showed that the aneuploid peaks appeared in 5 cases (22.7 %). The ratio of G1 period rose after therapy while the S period and G2/M ratios fell (P<0.01).The

  3. Preparation and Using Phantom Lesions to Practice Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsies

    OpenAIRE

    Shidham, Vinod B.; Varsegi, George M.; D'Amore, Krista; Shidham, Anjani

    2009-01-01

    Currently, health workers including residents and fellows do not have a suitable phantom model to practice the fine- needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) procedure. In the past, we standardized a model consisting of latex glove containing fresh cattle liver for practicing FNAB. However, this model is difficult to organize and prepare on short notice, with the procurement of fresh cattle liver being the most challenging aspect. Handling of liver with contamination-related problems is also a signifi...

  4. Epithelial barrier and ion transport in coeliac sprue: electrical measurements on intestinal aspiration biopsy specimens.

    OpenAIRE

    Schulzke, J D; Schulzke, I; Fromm, M.; Riecken, E O

    1995-01-01

    Epithelial barrier function and ion transport was studied in coeliac sprue using a miniaturised Ussing device for measurements on diagnostic aspiration biopsy specimens from the jejunum of untreated or gluten free nourished sprue patients, or from healthy controls. Pure epithelial resistance (Re) indicating epithelial barrier function was determined by transmural alternating current impedance analysis. It was reduced by 56% in acute sprue mean (SEM) (9 (1) omega.cm2) compared with controls (2...

  5. Nonimage-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy of palpable axillary lymph nodes in breast cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marti, Jennifer L; Ayo, Diego; Levine, Pascale; Hernandez, Osvaldo; Rescigno, John; Axelrod, Deborah M

    2012-01-01

    We report the utility of office-based, nonimaged guided fine needle aspiration of palpable axillary lymph nodes in breast cancer patients. We examine the sensitivity and specificity of this procedure, and examine factors associated with a positive fine needle aspiration biopsy result. Although the utility of ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNA) of axillary lymph nodes is well established, there is little data on nonimage guided office-based FNA of palpable axillary lymphadenopathy. We investigated the sensitivity and specificity of nonimage-guided FNA of axillary lymphadenopathy in patients presenting with breast cancer, and report factors associated with a positive FNA result. Retrospective study of 94 patients who underwent office-based FNA of palpable axillary lymph nodes between 2004 and 2008 was conducted. Cytology results were compared with pathology after axillary sentinel node or lymph node dissection. Nonimage-guided axillary FNA was 86% sensitive and 100% specific. On univariate analysis, patients with positive FNA cytology had larger breast tumors (p = 0.007), more pathologic positive lymph nodes (p benefits select patients, permitting avoidance of axillary ultrasound, sentinel lymph node biopsy, or delay in receiving neoadjuvant therapy. This results in time and cost savings for the health care system, and expedites definitive management. PMID:22098412

  6. Fine-Needle Aspiration Followed by Core-Needle Biopsy in the Same Setting: Modifying Our Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joudeh, Amani A; Shareef, Sameera Q; Al-Abbadi, Mousa A

    2016-01-01

    Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is a well-established initial diagnostic tool. However, in some instances limitations and shortcomings arise, making it insufficient for determining a specific diagnosis. Consequently, patients have to undergo another diagnostic procedure. The second procedure is either repeat FNAB, core-needle or open biopsy, and can be inconvenient and costly. In some centers, the FNAB is immediately followed by core-needle biopsy (CNB) in the same setting after assuring adequacy on the initial FNAB utilizing rapid on-site specimen evaluation (ROSE). It is argued that implementing such an approach will eventually have additional critical advantages that include the following: (a) it is more convenient to patients to have both procedures in one visit, (b) the tissue procured by both procedures will be more adequate, enabling cytopathologists to reach an accurate diagnosis, and (c) it is ultimately a cost-effective approach if we take into consideration the avoidance of a potential second more invasive diagnostic procedure. Since we are living in an era of patient-centered medicine coupled with cost-cutting strategies, we present here a brief review of the topic with analysis of this alternative approach, review of the pertinent literature and shed light on a few scenarios that justify this approach. PMID:26963594

  7. Tissue Harvester with Functional Valve (THFV): Shidham's device for reproducibly higher specimen yield by fine needle aspiration biopsy with easy to perform steps

    OpenAIRE

    Basir Zainab; Rao R Nagarjun; Pandit Ashwini W; Shidham Vinod B; Shidham Anjani

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) cytology has been a highly effective methodology for tissue diagnosis and for various ancillary studies including molecular tests. In addition to other benefits, FNAB predominantly retrieves the diagnostic loosely cohesive cells in the lesion as compared to the adjacent supporting stroma with relatively higher cohesiveness. However, FNAB procedure performed with currently available resources is highly skill dependent with inter-performe...

  8. Image-Directed Fine-needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Thyroid with Safety-engineered Devices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to integrate safety-engineered devices into outpatient fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy of the thyroid in an interventional radiology practice. Materials and Methods: The practice center is a tertiary referral center for image-directed FNA thyroid biopsies in difficult patients referred by the primary care physician, endocrinologist, or otolaryngologist. As a departmental quality of care and safety improvement program, we instituted integration of safety devices into our thyroid biopsy procedures and determined the effect on outcome (procedural pain, diagnostic biopsies, inadequate samples, complications, needlesticks to operator, and physician satisfaction) before institution of safety devices (54 patients) and after institution of safety device implementation (56 patients). Safety devices included a patient safety technology—the mechanical aspirating syringe (reciprocating procedure device), and a health care worker safety technology (antineedlestick safety needle). Results: FNA of thyroid could be readily performed with the safety devices. Safety-engineered devices resulted in a 49% reduction in procedural pain scores (P < 0.0001), a 56% reduction in significant pain (P < 0.002), a 21% increase in operator satisfaction (P < 0.0001), and a 5% increase in diagnostic specimens (P = 0.5). No needlesticks to health care workers or patient injuries occurred during the study. Conclusions: Safety-engineered devices to improve both patient and health care worker safety can be successfully integrated into diagnostic FNA of the thyroid while maintaining outcomes and improving safety.

  9. Ultrathin needle (25G) aspiration lung biopsy: diagnostic accuracy and complication rates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and complication rate of 25-G fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of the lung in patients with suspected malignant focal lesions and abnormal lung function. The 25-G FNAB was performed in 123 patients who underwent prebiopsy CT and pulmonary function tests. Retrospective evaluation included pulmonary function, cytology, size of the lesion, depth of location, presence of emphysema on CT, needle passes, pneumothorax and drainage. The final diagnosis (gold standard) was based on histopathology after surgical resection or follow-up and response to treatment. Sixty-one patients had normal lung function or mild impairment (group 1) and 62 had moderate or severe impairment (group 2). Pneumothorax occurred in 26 of 126 procedures (20.6%) with drainage needed in 11 (8.7%). In group 2 pneumothorax occurred in 19 of 63 procedures (30.15%) with drainage needed in 11 (17.5%). The sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy of cytology results were 93.6, 100 and 94.4%, respectively. FEV1 (p=0.014), FEV1/FVC (p=0.005), FEF25-75 (p=0.001), DLCO (p=0.013) and presence of emphysema on CT (p<0.001) correlated with pneumothorax (Students t test). The 25-G lung FNAB is accurate and safe in diagnosing malignancy in patients with severe lung functional abnormality. Patients with moderate to severe airway obstruction have a higher prevalence of pneumothorax than patients with mild or no functional impairment

  10. Ultrathin needle (25G) aspiration lung biopsy: diagnostic accuracy and complication rates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oikonomou, A.; Matzinger, F.R.; Seely, J.M.; Dennie, C.J. [Ottawa Hospital, ON (Canada). Dept. of Radiology; Macleod, P.J. [Ottawa Hospital, ON (Canada). Dept. of Respirology

    2004-03-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and complication rate of 25-G fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of the lung in patients with suspected malignant focal lesions and abnormal lung function. The 25-G FNAB was performed in 123 patients who underwent prebiopsy CT and pulmonary function tests. Retrospective evaluation included pulmonary function, cytology, size of the lesion, depth of location, presence of emphysema on CT, needle passes, pneumothorax and drainage. The final diagnosis (gold standard) was based on histopathology after surgical resection or follow-up and response to treatment. Sixty-one patients had normal lung function or mild impairment (group 1) and 62 had moderate or severe impairment (group 2). Pneumothorax occurred in 26 of 126 procedures (20.6%) with drainage needed in 11 (8.7%). In group 2 pneumothorax occurred in 19 of 63 procedures (30.15%) with drainage needed in 11 (17.5%). The sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy of cytology results were 93.6, 100 and 94.4%, respectively. FEV1 (p=0.014), FEV1/FVC (p=0.005), FEF25-75 (p=0.001), DLCO (p=0.013) and presence of emphysema on CT (p<0.001) correlated with pneumothorax (Students t test). The 25-G lung FNAB is accurate and safe in diagnosing malignancy in patients with severe lung functional abnormality. Patients with moderate to severe airway obstruction have a higher prevalence of pneumothorax than patients with mild or no functional impairment.

  11. Diagnosis by endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration of tuberculous lymphadenitis involving the peripancreatic lymph nodes: A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Joseph D Boujaoude; Khalil Honein; Cesar Yaghi; Claude Ghora; Gerard Abadjian; Raymond Sayegh

    2007-01-01

    Pancreatic tuberculosis is an extremely rare form of extrapulmonary disease. The diagnosis preoperatively is difficult because clinical, laboratory and radiologic findings are nonspecific. Published data indicate that these lesions mimic cystic neoplasms of the pancreas and the confirmation of clinical suspicion could only be obtained by an open surgical biopsy. Recently, fine needle aspiration cytology has been shown to be a safe,reliable and cost-effective alternative. We report a new case of a peripancreatic tuberculosis in a 52 year old woman and review the relevant literature, paying special attention to the usefulness of endoscopic ultrasound guided-fine needle aspiration in the diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis.

  12. Punção aspirativa por agulha fina: desempenho no diagnóstico diferencial de nódulos mamários palpáveis Fine needle aspiration biopsy: performance in the differential diagnosis of palpable breast masses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando José de Almeida

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: avaliar, de forma prospectiva, o desempenho da punção aspirativa por agulha fina (PAAF no diagnóstico diferencial de nódulos mamários palpáveis. Método: avaliaram-se a sensibilidade, a especificidade, os valores preditivos e a acurácia deste teste em 102 mulheres com idade superior a 30 anos, com nódulos mamários palpáveis, atendidas na Universidade Estadual de Campinas. As punções foram realizadas por um único examinador. Resultados: o procedimento teve sensibilidade de 97%, especificidade de 87%, valor preditivo positivo de 94% e negativo de 93%. A taxa de material insuficiente ou insatisfatório foi de 16% na primeira punção, diminuindo para 2% com uma nova PAAF. Conclusões: Este teste mostrou-se altamente sensível e específico no diagnóstico diferencial de nódulos mamários palpáveis, reafirmando-se a sua grande importância na abordagem clínica de nódulos palpáveis.Purpose: to evaluate, in a prospective way, the performance of the fine needle aspiration biopsy in the differential diagnosis of palpable breast masses. Method: the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values for this test were evaluated in 102 women with age above 30 years and a palpable breast mass, who were attended at the University of Campinas. All punctures were performed by the same examiner. Results: the procedure had a sensitivity of 97%, specificity of 87%, positive predictive value of 94% and negative predictive value of 93%. The insufficient or unsatisfactory sample rate was 16% for the first aspiration, decreasing to 2% with a new procedure. Conclusions: this test showed to be highly sensitive and specific for the differential diagnosis of palpable breast masses, reassuring its great importance for the clinical approach of palpable masses.

  13. Ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration biopsy of parathyroid gland and lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimashkieh Haytham

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Parathyroid gland and their tumors comprise a small proportion of non-palpable neck masses that are investigated by ultrasound (US guided fine needle aspiration biopsy. We reviewed our institution's cases of US guided FNAB of parathyroid gland and their lesions to determine the role of cytology for the preoperative diagnosis of parathyroid gland and their lesions. Method All cases of FNAB of parathyroid gland and lesions in the last 10 years were reviewed in detail with respect to clinical history and correlated with the histopathologic findings in available cases. The cytologic parameters that were evaluated included cellularity assessed semiquantitatively as scant, intermediate or abundant (500 cells, cellular distribution (loose clusters, single cells/naked nuclei, rounded clusters, two- and three-dimensional clusters, and presence of prominent vascular proliferation, cellular characteristics (cell size, nuclear shape, presence/absence of a nucleolus, degree of mitosis, amount of cytoplasm, and appearance of nuclear chromatin, and background (colloid-like material and macrophages. Immunostaining for parathyroid hormone (PTH was performed on selected cases using either destained Pap smears or cell block sections. Results Twenty cases of US-guided FNAB of parathyroid glands and their lesions including 13 in the expected locations in the neck, 3 in intrathyroid region, 3 in thyroid bed, and 1 metastatic to liver were studied. Majority of the cases showed intermediate cellularity (51–500 cells with round to oval cells that exhibited a stippled nuclear chromatin, without significant pleomorphism or mitotic activity. The cells were arranged in loose two dimensional groups with many single cells/naked nuclei around the groups. Occasionally macrophages and colloid like material was also encountered. There was no significant difference in the cytomorphologic features between normal gland, hyperplasia adenoma, or carcinoma

  14. Comparison of needle aspiration and vacuum-assisted biopsy in the ultrasound-guided drainage of lactational breast abscesses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Yun Dan; Kim, You Me [Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-03-15

    The purpose of this study was to compare needle aspiration and vacuum-assisted biopsy in the ultrasound-guided treatment of lactational breast abscesses. Between January 2005 and December 2014, a total of 74 patients presented with lactational breast abscesses. Thirty of these patients underwent treatment with antibioticsalone, while the remaining 44 lactating women with breast abscesses were treated with needle aspiration (n=25) or vacuum-assisted biopsy (n=19). Age, duration of lactation, abscess diameter, pus culture results, the number of interventions, the healing time, and the cure rate were reviewed and compared between these two groups. The Student's t test and the chi-square test were used to compare the variables. No significant difference was found in the cure rate between the needle aspiration group (22/25, 88%) and the vacuum-assisted biopsy group (18/19, 94.7%) (P=0.441). However, the mean healing time was significantly shorter in the vacuum-assisted biopsy group (6.7 days) than in the needle aspiration group (9.0 days) (P=0.001). Vacuum-assisted biopsy is a viable option for the management of lactational breast abscesses and was found to lead to a shorter healing time than needle aspiration. However, further study is necessary to establish the clinical efficacy of vacuum-assisted biopsy in the management of lactational breast abscesses.

  15. The factor analysis of the incidence of pneumothorax after CT-guided transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To analyze the impact of multiple factors on the incidence of pneumothorax associated with CT-guided transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy. Methods: The sign of pneumothorax after 162 cases (lesion diameter from 1 cm to 6 cm) CT-guided transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy was observed and its relationship with multivariate factors were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression model. Results: Thirty-two cases presented pneumothorax accounting for 19. 8%. Single variate analysis showed that the sign of pneumothorax related to intercurrent COPD, distance from lesion and chest wall, needle dwelling time and lesion diameter. 67 patients of intercurrent COPD with postoperative pneumothorax occurred in 22 cases (32.8%); With respect to those having lesions close to the chest wall (48 cases), and the cases with the distance between the chest wall and lesions less than 2 cm (55 cases) and greater than 2 cm (59 cases), the postoperative pneumothorax occurred in 0, 14 (25.5%), 18 (30.5%) cases respectively; For those patients with needle in the chest residence time of less than 10 minutes (82 cases), 10-20 minutes (51 cases), more than 20 minutes (28 cases) after the occurrence of pneumothorax were 8 (9.6%), 10(19.6%), 14 (50%) cases respectively; In contrast, those with lesion diameter less than 2 cm (65 cases), 2-4 cm(52 cases), more than 4cm(45 cases) were 19 (29.2%), 8 (15.4%) and 5 (11.1% ) respectively. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the prior three factor's were risk factors of pneumothorax (OR=4.652, 4.030, 2.855 respectively). Conclusions: To avoid the pneumothorax, caution must be taken with respect to CT-guided transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy, patients with intercurrent COPD, long distance between lesion and chest wall, and smaller lesion diameter. For operation the needle dwell time within thorax should be minimized. (authors)

  16. Brain biopsy in the diagnosis of cerebral mycosis fungoides

    OpenAIRE

    Tremblay, GF; Anderson, JM; Davidson, DLW

    1982-01-01

    A case of cerebral mycosis fungoides co-existing with progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy presented with dementia. Brain biopsy established the diagnosis of mycosis fungoides after cerebrospinal fluid examinations and computerised tomographic scanning of the brain produced non-specific abnormalities.

  17. Metastatic renal cell carcinoma from a native kidney of a renal transplant patient diagnosed by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA biopsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaseen Alastal

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA biopsy sampling of enlarged lymph nodes is increasingly used to diagnose metastatic tumors, especially of the gastrointestinal tract and the lungs. Herein, we describe the diagnosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma from a native kidney of a 54 year-old male patient, who had a 5-years history of renal transplant, by EUS-FNA of mediastinal and celiac lymph nodes. Histological and immunohistochemical findings confirmed the origin of metastatic tumor. EUS-FNA with proper cytological evaluation can be useful in the diagnosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma in renal transplant patients. 

  18. Pros and cons of fine needle aspiration biopsy in ocular tumors%眼内肿瘤细针穿刺活检的利与弊

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏文斌; 屠颖

    2012-01-01

    Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is an important method of intraocular tumors biopsy and often used in diagnosis of choroids tumors and primary intraocular lymphoma. The sensibility and specificity'of FNAB will increase with technique improvement of biopsy and handling the samples. Compared with other methods of intraocular biopsy, FNAB shows more convenient, quickly and safer. However, dissemination of tumor cells may still be the potential risk of FNAB. Indication of FNAB should be correctly selected before used. (Ophthalmol CHN, 2012, 21: 217-221)%细针穿刺眼内活检(fine-needle aspiration biopsy,FNAB)是眼内肿瘤诊断性活检的重要方法,常用于脉络膜肿瘤以及原发性眼内淋巴瘤的诊断.随着穿刺技术以及标本处理方法的改进,FNAB的诊断敏感性和特异性逐渐增加.与其他眼内活检方法相比,FNAB具有方便、快捷、安全的优点,但肿瘤的播散依然是其潜在的风险.临床应用FNAB需严格掌握其适应证.

  19. Successful mucosal incision-assisted biopsy for the histological diagnosis of duodenal lymphoma: A case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    MORISHITA, ASAHIRO; MORI, HIROHITO; KOBARA, HIDEKI; NISHIYAMA, NORIKO; FUJIHARA, SHINTARO; YACHIDA, TATSUO; AYAKI, MAKI; MATSUNAGA, TAE; SAKAMOTO, TEPPEI; MAEDA, EMIKO; NOMURA, TAKAKO; TANI, JOJI; MIYOSHI, HISAAKI; YONEYAMA, HIROHITO; HIMOTO, TAKASHI; KAGAWA, SEIKO; HABA, REIJI; MASAKI, TSUTOMU

    2016-01-01

    Tissue sampling of primary duodenal lymphoma is essential for its histological diagnosis. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA), which is frequently used for submucosal tumor (SMT)-like duodenal tumors, is adequate for cytological diagnosis, but not for histological diagnosis. Therefore, in the present study, a mucosal incision-assisted biopsy (MIAB) was performed in an 81-year-old woman for the diagnosis of an SMT-like duodenal mass, as tissue sampling for histological analysis using a regular endoscopic biopsy had failed to establish a definite diagnosis of malignant lymphoma. EUS-FNA had also led to poor tissue sampling due to the difficult location of the duodenal tumor. The pathological examination of biopsy samples using MIAB revealed the presence of a diffuse proliferation of atypical lymphocytes, and the expression of cluster of differentiation (CD)20 and CD79a, but no expression of CD3 in the tumor specimens. The patient was diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. To the best of knowledge, this is first report of a case using MIAB as a sampling method for the histological diagnosis of SMT-like primary duodenal lymphoma. This case suggests that MIAB may be an essential method for obtaining tissue samples from SMT-like duodenal tumors. PMID:26870243

  20. Ultrasonography-Guided Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy of Predominantly Cystic Thyroid Nodules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baek, Hye Jin; Kim, Dong Wook [Busan Paik Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-02-15

    The aim of this study is to present our biopsy technique and to determine the efficacy of the ultrasound- guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB) for predominantly cystic thyroid nodules (PCTNs). This study included patients that underwent US-FNABs on PCTNs, and were sampled for the solid component following the aspiration of a cystic component through one needle puncture between January to December of 2008. We retrospectively reviewed the cytopathology results as well as any complication associated with the procedure. Of the 76 PCTNs (range of maximal diameter: 0.4 cm-6.1 cm, mean: 2.39 cm) observed in the 75 patients (females: males = 63: 12, age range: 19-72, mean: 45.3 years old), the incidence rate of adequate and inadequate samples was 90.8% (69/76) and 9.2% (7/76) in the first US-FNAB, respectively. Further, 23 PCTNs were surgically removed in 22 patients, of which 15 PCTNs were benign and 8 were confirmed malignant nodules. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy for USFNAB of PCTNs were 95.2%, 100%, 100%, 76.9%, and 95.8%, respectively. The data suggest that our technique for US-FNAB of PCTNs was effective and accurate.

  1. A Novel Design of Needle Aspiration Biopsy Monitoring Instrument (NAOMI Tested on a Low Cost Chest Phantom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surakusumah Rino Ferdian

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Needle biopsy is a medical intervention method for taking a lung tissue sample that suspected as a cancer. The disadvantage is the physicians directly visualize the anatomical structures in an open surgery for lung cancer biopsy procedure. There is a need to develop an instrument that may help the physician to guarantee the accuracy and efficiency while performing needle aspiration biopsy. Therefore, a needle aspiration biopsy monitoring instrument or named as NAOMI is proposed. It consists of a microcontroller system, an IMU sensor, an ultrasonic ranging module, a bluetooth module, and a 9V lithium battery. The experimental testing consist of performance testing, functional testing using chest phantom, and user acceptances. The results showed that the NAOMI improve the accuracy and efficiency while performing the needle biopsy operation.

  2. Preparation and using phantom lesions to practice fine needle aspiration biopsies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shidham, Vinod B; Varsegi, George M; D'Amore, Krista; Shidham, Anjani

    2009-01-01

    Currently, health workers including residents and fellows do not have a suitable phantom model to practice the fine- needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) procedure. In the past, we standardized a model consisting of latex glove containing fresh cattle liver for practicing FNAB. However, this model is difficult to organize and prepare on short notice, with the procurement of fresh cattle liver being the most challenging aspect. Handling of liver with contamination-related problems is also a significant draw back. In addition, the glove material leaks after a few needle passes, with resulting mess. We have established a novel simple method of embedding a small piece of sausage or banana in a commercially available silicone rubber caulk. This model allows the retention of vacuum seal and aspiration of material from the embedded specimen, resembling an actual FNAB procedure on clinical mass lesions. The aspirated material in the needle hub can be processed similar to the specimens procured during an actual FNAB procedure, facilitating additional proficiency in smear preparation and staining. PMID:19893483

  3. Postoperative Prognosis of Breast Cancer Patients Predicted by p53 Gene Mutation in Cancer Cells Obtained by Aspiration Biopsy

    OpenAIRE

    Takashi, SATO; Hideji, Masuoka; Kazunori, Toda; Kosho, Watabe; Yukio, Nakamura; Tatsuya, Ito; Makoto, Meguro; Masaaki, Yamamoto; Tousei, Ohmura

    2007-01-01

    The method of cytological examination by fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) was developed clinically in breast cancer and enabled us to prepare cancer cell nuclei for the detection of p53 gene mutation. In the expectation that this method would improve the prediction of postoperative prognosis, the observation of 10 year survival for breast cancer patients with p53 gene mutations was done. The DNA of the aspirated cells was examined preoperatively for gene alterations in 53 patients with br...

  4. Diagnosis of Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis on Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology: A Case Report and Review of the Cytology Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neeta Kumar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A case of multifocal Langerhans cell histiocytosis in a two-year-old child is presented where fine needle aspiration was helpful in achieving a rapid and accurate diagnosis in an appropriate clinical and radiological setting. This can avoid unnecessary biopsy and guide the management especially where access to histopathology is limited. The highly characteristic common and rare cytological features are highlighted with focus on differential diagnoses and causes of pitfalls.

  5. Eccrine porocarcinoma: cytologic diagnosis by fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalogeraki, Alexandra; Tamiolakis, Dimitrios; Tsagatakis, Thomas; Geronatsiou, Katerina; Haniotis, Vrettos; Kafoussi, Maria

    2013-01-01

    Introdução: O porocarcinoma écrino (PE) é um tumor maligno pouco comum dos anexos cutâneos. Trata-se de um adenocarcinoma da glândula sudorípara écrina com propensão para recorrer localmente e para originar metástases ao longo dos gânglios linfáticos regionais. Este artigo apresenta um diagnóstico por citologia aspirativa com agulha fina (CAAF) de um PE, associado ao exame histológico e de imunocito/histoquímica.Caso Clínico: São descritos os achados da citologia de um porocarcinoma écrino numa doente de 76 anos de idade, bem como as características histológicas do tumor cutâneo. A citologia aspirativa revelou que o tumor se caracterizava pela presença de células atípicas malignas com citoplasma basófilo, núcleos hipercromáticos e nucléolos proeminentes. O diagnóstico citológico foi confirmado pela histologia.Conclusões: É crucial obter um diagnóstico pré-operatório preciso de modo a desencadear um plano cirúrgico curativo. A CAAF possibilita uma abordagem pouco invasiva, segura e efectiva, de modo a esclarecer um diagnóstico diferencial exigente.

  6. Liquid biopsies: tumor diagnosis and treatment monitoring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Binh Thanh Vu

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Cancer is a disease with high evolutionary, i.e., malignant, characteristics that change under selective pressure from therapy. Characterization based on molecular or primary tumor properties or clinicopathological staging does not fully reflect the state of cancer, especially when cancer cells metastasize. This is the major reason for failure of cancer treatment. Currently, there is an urgent need for new approaches that allow more effective, but less invasive, monitoring of cancer status, thereby improving the efficacy of treatments. With recent technological advances, and ldquo;liquid biopsies, and rdquo; the isolation of intact cells or analysis of components that are secreted from cells, such as nucleic acids or exosomes, could be implemented easily. This approach would facilitate real-time monitoring and accurate measurement of critical biomarkers. In this review, we summarize the recent progress in the identification of circulating tumor cells using new high-resolution approaches and discuss new circulating tumor nucleic acid- and exosome-based approaches. The information obtained through liquid biopsies could be used to gain a better understanding of cancer cell invasiveness and metastatic competence, which would then benefit translational applications such as personalized medicine. [Biomed Res Ther 2016; 3(8.000: 745-756

  7. THE DIAGNOSIS OF LIVER ALLOGRAFT ACUTE REJECTION IN LIVER BIOPSIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. V. Shkalova

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We performed histological examination of 80 liver allograft biopsies, the diagnosis of acute rejection was proved in 34 cases. Histological changes in liver biopsies in different grades of acute rejection were estimated according to Banff classification 1995, 1997 and were compared with current literature data. The article deals with the question of morphological value of grading acute rejection on early and late, also we analyze changes in treat- ment tactics after morphological verification of liver allograft acute rejection. 

  8. Punção aspirativa por agulha fina no diagnóstico de linfadenopatias e tumores sólidos em crianças e adolescentes Fine needle aspiration biopsy in the diagnosis of lymphadenopathies and solid tumors in children and adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wallace Acioli Freire de Gois

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a importância diagnóstica da punção aspirativa por agulha fina (PAAF em crianças e adolescentes portadores de linfadenopatias e tumores sólidos. MÉTODOS: Análise retrospectiva dos pacientes com idade igual ou inferior a 18 anos, atendidos no Centro de Pediatria Cirúrgica do Hospital Universitário de Brasília, Universidade de Brasília, no período de julho de 2000 a julho de 2005. Foram calculados: sensibilidade, especificidade, precisão (acurácia diagnóstica, valor preditivo positivo e valor preditivo negativo. RESULTADOS: Em 50 pacientes estudados, os resultados da PAAF mostraram sensibilidade de 90,9%; especificidade de 100%, precisão diagnóstica de 95% e valores preditivos positivo e negativo de 100% e 90%, respectivamente. CONCLUSÃO: Em nossa experiência, a PAAF é um método preciso, simples e seguro, útil no diagnóstico de linfadenopatias e tumores sólidos em crianças e adolescentes.BACKGROUND: To evaluate the diagnostic value of the fine needle aspiration biopsy in children and adolescents with solid tumors or lymphadenopathy. METHODS: 18 years old or less patients were observed since July 2000 to July 2005. We observed: sensibility, specificity, diagnostic accuracy and predictive value. RESULTS: In 50 studied patients the fine needle aspiration biopsy we found 90.9% sensibility, 100% specificity, 95% diagnostic accuracy, 100% positive predictive value and 90% negative predictive value. CONCLUSION: The fine needle aspiration biopsy is a easy, safe and accurate diagnostic method for solid tumors and lymphadenopathies.

  9. Bronchoscopic lung biopsy for diagnosis of miliary tuberculosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aggarwal A

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Miliary tuberculosis is often treated empirically in India in the absence of a positive diagnosis based on sputum examination. We investigated the role of fiberoptic bronchoscopy for diagnosis of this disease. Methods : Records of patients undergoing fiberoptic bronchoscopy and bronchoscopic lung biopsy, and diagnosed to have miliary tuberculosis, over a four year period were evaluated. Two to four lung biopsy specimens were obtained from each patient and examined microscopically after Hematoxylin-eosin and Zeihl-Neelson staining. Results : Thirty one patients of miliary tuberculosis (19 men and 12 women underwent fiberoptic bronchoscopy during the study period. No endobronchial abnormality was noted in any patient. Bronchoscopic lung biopsy yielded adeqaute specimen in all but one patient. Granulomatous inflammation was noted in 21 (67.7% patients on histopathological evaluation of biopsy specimens; of them, acid-fast bacilli were demonstrated in one patient. One patient (3.2% had normal alveolar architecture. In the other 8 patients (25.8%, nonspecific pulmonary interstitial inflammation and/or mild fibrosis were seen. Bronchial wash specimens showed acid-fast bacilli in only one patient; this patient also had granulomatous inflammation on lung biopsy. All patients tolerated bronchoscopy well and there were no procedure-related complications. Conclusion: Bronchoscopic lung biopsy is a safe procedure and an effective method of establishing diagnosis of miliary tuberculosis in a majority of patients with this disease. Bronchial washings do not provide significant additional information in this regard.

  10. Thyroid Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsies in Children: Study of Cytological-Histological Correlation and Immunostaining with Thyroid Peroxidase Monoclonal Antibodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bauer Andrew

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Context. There is limited data comparing results of fine needle aspiration biopsies (FNABs to histological diagnosis in children. Design. FNABs were performed in 707 children and cytological results were compared to histology in 165 cases. The usefulness of immunostaining with anti-TPO monoclonal antibodies (MoAb47 on FNAB samples was examined in 54 operated patients. Results. Among unsatisfactory, benign, suspicious, and malignant FNAB, the histological diagnoses were benign in 12/12 (100%, 69/70 (98.5%, 40/50 (80.0%, and 0/33 (0%, respectively. After surgery, malignancy was established in 44/165 (26.6% cases. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were 95.4%, 55.8%, 61.7%, and 95% with standard FNAB; and 100%, 75%, 73.3, and 100% with MoAb47. Among suspicious FNAB, positive MoAb47 staining was a reliable marker for exclusion of malignancy. Conclusion. Benign and malignant FNAB accurately predict histological diagnosis. In suspicious FNAB, MoAb47 immunostaining may be a useful adjunct to standard cytology.

  11. A case of chronic berylliosis using aspiration liver biopsy as a diagnostic aid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chronic berylliosis may occur in subjects who regularly handle or have handled the metal beryllium (workers in light bulb factories). Clinical symptoms (fatigue, loss of weight, coughing, increasing breathlessness upon exertion, pyrexia, cyanosis, clubbed fingers and certain radiological abnormalities) are non-specific. Pathological-anatomical examination reveals granulomatosis of the organs. A description is given of a case in which the diagnosis was made on the basis of the history, chest X-rays and liver biopsy findings. (author)

  12. A portable, low coherence interferometry based instrument for fine needle aspiration biopsy guidance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iftimia, Nicusor V.; Bouma, Brett E.; Pitman, Martha B.; Goldberg, Brian; Bressner, Jason; Tearney, Guillermo J.

    2005-06-01

    A portable, low coherence interferometry (LCI) based instrument for fine-needle aspiration biopsy guidance is presented. The instrument consists of a fiber-based low coherence interferometer, a data acquisition, processing and display unit, and a probe. The probe, consisting of a 250μm diameter single-mode optical fiber inserted within the bore of a fine needle, is used to illuminate tissue and collect light from tissue at the tip of the needle. Light returning out of the probe is detected by the LCI system, which is capable of measuring depth-resolved information (reflectivity, spectra, birefringence) with a spatial resolution of 10μm over a depth range of approximately 1.4mm. The LCI based instrument can be used to guide the fine needle during biopsy procedures to potentially diagnose neoplasms, infections, inflammations, or infiltrations. The design and performance of the instrument, as well as preliminary measurements on excised breast tissue specimens, are presented in detail.

  13. The role of midazolam-induced sedation in bone marrow aspiration/trephine biopsies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mainwaring, C J; Wong, C; Lush, R J; Smith, J G; Singer, C R

    1996-12-01

    This study was undertaken in 102 adult patients to evaluate the safety and efficacy of intravenous (i.v.) midazolam in the setting of bone marrow aspiration and trephine biopsy (BMAT). Combined local anaesthetic (LA) and sedation was used in 87% of patients and 13% received LA alone. Amnesia occurred in all sedated patients with only 9% experiencing a mild degree of post-procedure pain. This contrasted sharply with the non-sedated group, in whom 85% had intense pain during the biopsy followed by protracted local discomfort in approximately 54%. Drowsiness and some psychomotor impairment were the only notable sedation-related side-effects in approximately 20%. None required assisted ventilation. There was a resounding patient preference for BMAT with sedation. Considering the ease of use, safety and efficacy of i.v. midazolam, the availability of flumazenil as a reversal agent and the undoubted positive effects on quality of life, we would advocate using it in BMAT provided that there were no contraindications.

  14. Prenatal Diagnosis by Amniocentesis and Chorionic Villus Biopsy

    OpenAIRE

    Reynolds, J.L.

    1986-01-01

    Prenatal diagnosis forms only a small part of day-to-day family practice, but the techniques are of critical importance to couples at risk of having a child affected by genetic disorder. Second trimester amniocentesis will probably be replaced by first trimester chorionic villus biopsy and recombinant DNA technology, but the ethical and moral problems related to prenatal diagnosis are not so easily solved. Family physicians need to examine their own attitudes toward the handicapped before the...

  15. Effectiveness and limitations of core needle biopsy in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules: review of current literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Jung Hyun; Kim, Eun-Kyung; Kwak, Jin Young; Moon, Hee Jung

    2015-05-01

    Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is currently accepted as an easy, safe, and reliable tool for the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Nonetheless, a proportion of FNA samples are categorized into non-diagnostic or indeterminate cytology, which frustrates both the clinician and patient. To overcome this limitation of FNA, core needle biopsy (CNB) of the thyroid has been proposed as an additional diagnostic method for more accurate and decisive diagnosis for thyroid nodules of concern. In this review, we focus on the effectiveness and limitations of CNB, and what factors should be considered when CNB is utilized in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. PMID:26018514

  16. Endometrial aspiration biopsy: a non-invasive method of obtaining functional lymphoid progenitor cells and mature natural killer cells.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McMenamin, Moya

    2012-09-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of endometrial aspiration biopsy (EAB) with the more traditional dilatation and curettage (D&C) for the procurement of lymphoid progenitor cells and uterine natural killer (NK) populations in endometrial tissue. This prospective observational study conducted in a tertiary referral university hospital examined endometrium obtained from 32 women admitted for laparoscopic gynaecological procedures. Each participant had endometrium sampled using both EAB and D&C. Both methods were assessed as a source of uterine NK and lymphoid progenitor cells. Similar proportions of mature CD45+CD56+ NK cells (range 25.4-36.2%) and CD45+CD34+ lymphoid progenitors (range 1.2-2.0%) were found in tissue obtained using both EAB and D&C. These cells were adequate for flow cytometric analysis, magnetic bead separation and culture. Colony formation by the CD34+ population demonstrated maturational potential. Tissues obtained via endometrial biopsy and D&C are equivalent, by analysis of uterine NK and lymphoid progenitor cells. The aim of this study was to compare two methods of endometrial sampling - endometrial aspiration biopsy and traditional dilatation and curettage - for the procurement of haematopoietic stem cells and uterine natural killer (NK) populations in endometrial tissue. Thirty-two women who had gynaecological procedures in a tertiary referral hospital participated in this study and had endometrial tissue collected via both methods. Similar populations of mature NK cells and haematopoietic stem cells were found in tissue obtained using both endometrial aspiration biopsy and dilatation and curettage. Tissue obtained via endometrial aspiration biopsy was adequate for the culture and growth of haematopoietic stem cells. We conclude that tissue obtained via endometrial biopsy and dilatation and curettage is equivalent, by analysis of uterine NK and haematopoietic stem cells using flow cytometry. This has implications for further

  17. Use of CT-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy in epidermal growth factor receptor mutation analysis in patients with advanced lung cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhuang, Yi-Ping; Wang, Hai-Yan; Zhang, Jin; Feng, Yong (Dept. of Radiology, Jiangsu Cancer Inst. and Hospital, Nanjing, Jiangsu (China)), email: yipingzhuang2010@sina.com; Shi, Mei-Qi (Dept. of Chemotherapy, Jiangsu Cancer Inst. and Hospital, Nanjing, Jiangsu (China))

    2011-12-15

    Background. The safety of using a cutting needle when performing a core-needle biopsy is of major concern, in particular for small lung tumors or tumors near the hilum. Purpose. To investigate the usefulness of CT-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of the lung in obtaining tumor tissue for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation analysis in advanced lung cancer patients. Material and Methods. Forty-three patients with stage IIIB-IV lung cancer were enrolled. In all patients, CT-guided FNAB was performed using an 18-gauge or 20-gauge Chiba aspiration needle for histology diagnosis and EGFR mutation analysis. Complications associated with CT-guided FNAB were observed, and the specimen mutational assessments were recorded. Results. The obtained tumor samples ranged from 0.5-1.5 cm in length and were adequate for histological and DNA analyses in all patients. No patient had a pneumothorax or hemoptysis. Minor needle tract bleeding appeared in eight patients. Mutation analysis was satisfactorily demonstrated in 23 mutations and 20 non-mutations. Ten and 13 mutations were identified by 18-gauge and 20-gauge needle biopsies, respectively. EFGR mutations, including 12 cases of EGFR exon 19 deletion and 11 cases of exon 21 point mutation, were present in 21 patients with adenocarcinomas, one with squamous cell carcinoma, and one with undifferentiated carcinoma. Conclusion. CT-guided FNAB is a feasible and safe technique for obtaining lung tumor tissues for EGFR gene mutation analysis

  18. Comparison of fine needle aspiration biopsy and paraffin embedded tissue sections for measuring AgNOR proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tasdemir, S; Eroz, R; Cucer, N; Oktay, M; Türkeli, M

    2015-07-01

    Paraffin embedded tissue sections and fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) are important methods for diagnosis. We compared thyroid tissue obtained by FNAB to paraffin embedded sections to determine whether there were differences in detection of the amounts of argyrophilic nucleolar organizing region (AgNOR) proteins. Twenty-two patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma were included in the study. Slides were prepared with both FNAB tissue and 3 μm sections of paraffin embedded tissue, and stained for AgNOR. One hundred nuclei per individual were evaluated; total AgNOR number/nucleus (TAn/TNn) and total AgNOR area/nuclear area (TAa/TNa) of individual cells were determined. Mean TAn/TNn and TAa/TNa values were 4.800 ± 1.118 and 13.382 ± 2.612, respectively, for FNAB samples; corresponding values were 2.406 ± 0.649 and 8.49 ± 0.893, respectively, for paraffin embedded sections. The differences between FNAB materials and paraffin embedded tissue sections were significant for the mean TAn/TNn and TAa/TNa values. Significant differences in the amounts of AgNOR protein detected were found between FNAB and paraffin embedded tissue sections.

  19. Biopsies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... News Physician Resources Professions Site Index A-Z Biopsies - Overview A biopsy is the removal of tissue ... What are the limitations of biopsies? What are biopsies? A biopsy is the removal of tissue in ...

  20. Guided fine needle absorption biopsy in the diagnosis of cysts in maritime workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartelik, W; Jaremin, B; Smolińska, D; Głombiowski, P

    Cysts in the organs of the abdominal cavity revealed in ultrasonographic examinations in patients with none or with unclear clinical symptoms cause diagnostic and fitness for work assessment problems. The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of ultrasonography of cysts, combined with biochemical, bacteriological, cytological examinations and analysis of markers CEA and AFP of the fluid collected with fine needle aspiration biopsy (FAB). The study material examined were maritime workers who were submitted to these examinations for diagnostic purposes and/or previous to issue of certificate of health for work at sea. Examinations results provided support for usefulness of the method discussed in diagnosis and differentiation of inflammatory and neoplastic processes with simple cysts. This was crucial for final diagnosis, for decision about treatment and recognizing fitness for work at sea. It was concluded that the method FAB is safe both in hospital as well as in ambulatory conditions. PMID:7580347

  1. Nerve biopsy ifndings contribute to diagnosis of multiple mononeuropathy:78% of ifndings support clinical diagnosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ying-shuang Zhang; A-ping Sun; Lu Chen; Rong-fang Dong; Yan-feng Zhong; Jun Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Multiple mononeuropathy is an unusual form of peripheral neuropathy involving two or more nerve trunks. It is a syndrome with many different causes. We reviewed the clinical, electrophysi-ological and nerve biopsy ifndings of 14 patients who suffered from multiple mononeuropathy in our clinic between January 2009 and June 2013. Patients were diagnosed with vasculitic neurop-athy (n = 6), perineuritis (n = 2), chronic inlfammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (n = 2) or Lewis-Sumner syndrome (n = 1) on the basis of clinical features, laboratory data, elec-trophysiological investigations and nerve biopsies. Two patients who were clinically diagnosed with vasculitic neuropathy and one patient who was clinically diagnosed with chronic inlfamma-tory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy were not conifrmed by nerve biopsy. Nerve biopsies conifrmed clinical diagnosis in 78.6% of the patients (11/14). Nerve biopsy pathological diagno-sis is crucial to the etiological diagnosis of multiple mononeuropathy.

  2. Cytological diagnosis usefulness (PAAF) (Fine needle puncture and Aspiration) in radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The discovery of palpable lesions (adenopathy, subcutaneous, breast and thyroid nodes, etc.) in patients with malignancies of various locations referred for radiotherapy, poses diagnostic problems which should be promptly resolved since it may result in changes in the anticipated therapeutic regime. Likewise, the presentation of such lesions in previously irradiated patients raises the differential diagnosis between a progression of the disease and a non-malignant condition. Given the experience and the ease with which fine needle puncture and aspirations is carried out, previding-according to published data a diagnostic accuracy of 76% to 100% in palpable nodules, the usefulness of this procedure was assessed in 35 patients who presented with palpable lesions among a total of 428 new patients seen at the Radiotherapy Department of the Hospital Clinico Universitario, Valencia, in 1985. Out of the 35 lesions, 17 were adenopathies. In 63% of cases, the patients had head and neck malignancies; 14% had breast tumors; 11% had lung cancer and the remaining 11% of patients had malignancies located elsewhere. 43% were discovered before radiotherapy was administered, 14% during the treatment and 43% after this, in routine follow-up visits. Cytological diagnosis was achieved in 89% of cases. An overall clinical and pathological correlation was obtained in 58% of cases. Then out of 20 positive fine needle aspirations determined changes in the therapeutic regime (7 out of 15 prior to radiotherapy and 5 out of 5 during this). After radiotherapy, the clinical and pathological correlation is worse, in 33% of cases, than prior to or during this treatment. In four cases in which fine needle puncture and aspiration was negative but clinical suspicion of tumor involvement was high, open biopsy proved to be negative. (Author). 9 refs

  3. Core needle biopsies and surgical excision biopsies in the diagnosis of lymphoma-experience at the Lymph Node Registry Kiel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johl, Alice; Lengfelder, Eva; Hiddemann, Wolfgang; Klapper, Wolfram

    2016-08-01

    Current guidelines of the European Society of Medical Oncology recommend surgical excision biopsies of lymph nodes for the diagnosis of lymphoma whenever possible. However, core needle biopsies are increasingly used. We aimed to understand the common practice to choose the method of biopsy in Germany. Furthermore, we wanted to understand performance of surgical excision and core needle biopsies of lymph nodes in the diagnosis of lymphoma. The files of 1510 unselected, consecutive lymph node specimens from a consultation center for lymphoma diagnosis were analyzed. Core needle biopsies were obtained frequently from lymph nodes localized in mediastinal, abdominal, retroperitoneal, or thoracic regions. Patients undergoing core needle biopsies were significantly older and suffered significantly more often from lymphoma than patients undergoing surgical excision biopsies. Although more immunohistochemical tests were ordered by the pathologist for core needle biopsies specimens than for surgical excision biopsies specimens, core needle biopsies did not yield a definite diagnosis in 8.3 % of cases, compared to 2.8 % for SEB (p = 0.0003). Restricting the analysis to cases with a final diagnosis of follicular lymphoma or diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, core needle biopsies identified a simultaneous low- and high-grade lymphoma (transformation) in 3.3 % of cases, compared to 7.6 % for surgical excision biopsies (p = 0.2317). In Germany, core needle biopsies are preferentially used in elderly patients with a high likelihood of suffering from lymphoma. Core needle appeared inferior to surgical excision biopsies at providing a definite diagnosis and at identifying multiple lymphoma differentiations and transformation.

  4. Multiparametric analysis of fine needle aspirate biopsies from parotid tumors by laser scanning cytometry (LSC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerstner, Andreas O.; Machlitt, Julia; Mueller, Anne-Kathrin; Tarnok, Attila; Oeken, Jens; Bootz, Friedrich

    2002-06-01

    In order to minimize hospitalization and morbidity with optimized therapy for a patient with a tumor of the parotid gland a malignancy must be confirmed or excluded as soon as possible. Up to now, non- and minimal-invasive methods do not yield this information. For fine needle aspirate biopsies (FNABs), analysis by a specialized cytologist yields subjective and qualitative but not objective and quantitative data. LSC is a semi-automated microscope-based technology and offers ideal prerequisites for the analysis of specimens fixed on a slide. We have established an assay for FNABs from parotid gland tumors. Cells are stained for cytokeratin and DNA. The analysis quantitatively determines the ploidy of the cells and the degree of condensation of the DNA; on this basis the percentage of cells undergoing mitosis can be determined. Subsequently the cells are stained by H&E and are re-localized on the slide at their fixed position. Micrographs are taken for objective documentation of the cells' morphology. Using this assay FNABs from parotid gland tumors were analyzed; tumors that were diagnosed as benign by routine histopathology showed no aneuploidy whereas malignant tumors were aneuploid. This preliminary study demonstrates the capacities of LSC for minimal-invasive assays yielding quantitative and objective data.

  5. Institutional experience of PTH evaluation on fine-needle washing after aspiration biopsy to locate hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue#

    OpenAIRE

    Giusti, Massimo; Dolcino, Mara; Vera, Lara; Ghiara, Carla; Massaro, Francesca; Fazzuoli, Laura; Ferone, Diego; Mussap, Michele; Minuto, Francesco

    2009-01-01

    Assaying parathyroid hormone (PTH) in the washing liquid after fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) seems to be a valid approach to locate parathyroid tissue. PTH-FNAB was evaluated in 47 patients with a clinical picture of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP) and ultrasonography (US) suggestive of parathyroid lesion. The patients were subdivided into two groups on the basis of the absence or presence of US thyroid alterations. The result of PTH-FNAB was compared with those of cytology, scintigr...

  6. Chest Computed Tomography (CT) Immediately after CT-Guided Transthoracic Needle Aspiration Biopsy as a Predictor of Overt Pneumothorax

    OpenAIRE

    Noh, Tae June; Lee, Chang Hoon; Kang, Young Ae; Kwon, Sung-Youn; Yoon, Ho-Il; Kim, Tae Jung; Lee, Kyung Won; Lee, Jae Ho; Lee, Choon-Taek

    2009-01-01

    Background/Aims This study examined the correlation between pneumothorax detected by immediate post-transthoracic needle aspiration-biopsy (TTNB) chest computed tomography (CT) and overt pneumothorax detected by chest PA, and investigated factors that might influence the correlation. Methods Adult patients who had undergone CT-guided TTNB for lung lesions from May 2003 to June 2007 at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital were included. Immediate post-TTNB CT and chest PA follow-up at 4 ...

  7. Pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma of the heart metastatic to bone. Report of a case with fine needle aspiration biopsy findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, S Z; Smilari, T F; Teichberg, S; Hajdu, S I

    1995-01-01

    Pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma is an extremely rare and highly malignant neoplasm. We report an unusual case of a 14-year-old boy with skeletal metastases from a primary cardiac tumor. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of a lytic lesion in the right iliac wing showed a pleomorphic population of clusters and single cells with hyperchromatic nuclei; granular, pink cytoplasm; and isolated, large cells with whiplike or globoid cytoplasmic processes and occasional striations. Histologic, ultrastructural and radiologic features are also presented.

  8. Cancer incidence of larger thyroid nodules and the diagnostic value of palpation and ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration biopsy

    OpenAIRE

    Umut Rıza Gündüz; Arif Aslaner; Rojbin Karakoyun Demirci; Hasan Çalış; Osman Zekai Öner; Nurullah Bülbüller

    2014-01-01

    In this prospective study, we aimed to determine the cancer incidence of thyroid nodules larger than 3cm and compare the efficacy of palpation and ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). The study was conducted at General Surgery Departments of Istanbul Okmeydanı and Antalya Training and Research Hospitals of Turkey from March 2008 to December 2011. In our clinics, between the years 2008 and 2011, both palpation and ultrasound guided FNAB were performed in all 55 patients havi...

  9. Surecut 0.6 mm liver biopsy in the diagnosis of cirrhosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torp-Pedersen, S; Vyberg, Mogens; Smith, E;

    1990-01-01

    Liver biopsy with the 0.6 mm (23 gauge) Surecut needle was compared to conventional Menghini biopsy in the diagnosis of cirrhosis. Seventy-seven consecutive patients (mainly alcoholics) with a clinical indication for liver biopsy had both biopsies performed simultaneously. In 71 patients sufficient...... material for a morphological diagnosis concerning liver architecture was obtained with both biopsy techniques (Surecut insufficient in 5 cases and Menghini insufficient in 2 cases). The biopsies were classified as cirrhosis or non-cirrhosis. There was agreement in 69 cases (97%, confidence limits 90...... in the diagnosis of cirrhosis in cases where conventional Menghini needle biopsy is contraindicated....

  10. Ultrasound-Guided Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy in Infracentimetric Thyroid Nodules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sang Su; In, Hyun Sin; Eun, Choong Ki [Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University School of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-03-15

    The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy of ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB) of thyroid nodules that are equal to or less than 1 cm at the maximum diameter. The US-FNABs performed on thyroid nodules from March to August 2009 were included in this study. We retrospectively evaluated the cytopathologic results as well as any complications associated with the procedure. Of the 241 thyroid nodules (range: 0.1 - 1.0 cm, mean size: 5.8 mm) in 184 patients (female: male = 164:20, mean age: 49.0 years, age range: 18 - 77 years old), the incidence of an inadequate sample was 14.1% (34/241) for the US-FNABs. Eighty six nodules were surgically removed in 62 patients, of which 15 were confirmed to be benign nodules and 71 were confirmed to be malignant nodules. The number of true positive, false positive, true negative and false negative results for US-FNAB were 59, 0, 10 and 3%, respectively, and the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy were 95.2%, 100%, 100%, 76.9% and 95.8%, respectively. All the false negative cases were less than 3 mm at the maximal diameter. There were no serious complications in all the patients. US-FNAB was effective for the cases of thyroid nodule under 1 cm at the maximal diameter. However, a false negative result of US-FNAB should be considered for the cases of very small nodules that are less than 3 mm at the maximal diameter

  11. Transjugular liver biopsy: histological diagnosis success comparing the trucut to the modified aspiration Ross needle Biopsia hepática transjugular: comparação do sucesso diagnóstico histológico entre as agulhas trucut e a aspirativa modificada de Ross

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Carlos Maciel

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Transjugular liver biopsy is an alternative procedure for patients who present contraindications to standard percutaneous procedure. AIM: To compare the rate of histological diagnosis obtained on transjugular liver biopsy with an automated trucut needle and with a modified Ross needle. PATIENTS / METHOD: Eighty-five patients with suspicion of chronic liver diseases and presenting contraindications for percutaneous liver biopsy (coagulopathy, massive ascites, morbid obesity, or chronic renal problems were submitted to 89 transjugular liver biopsies between March 1994 and April 2001 at ''Hospital São José, Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misercórdia'', Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Thirty-five patients underwent 36 biopsies with an automated trucut needle, and 50 patients underwent 53 biopsies with a modified Ross needle. RESULTS: Histological diagnosis was reached in 32/35 subjects submitted to transjugular liver biopsy with the trucut needle (91% and in 35/50 (70% submitted to biopsy with the modified Ross needle. Specimens obtained with the trucut needle were significantly larger and less fragmented than those obtained with the Ross needle. CONCLUSION: Transjugular liver biopsy with the automated trucut needle allowed a higher rate of histological diagnosis when compared to the modified Ross needle in patients with suspicion of chronic liver diseases.RACIONAL: A biopsia hepática transjugular é um procedimento alternativo para pacientes que apresentam contra-indicações ao procedimento padrão (percutâneo. OBJETIVO: Comparar o índice de diagnóstico obtido por meio da biopsia hepática transjugular utilizando uma agulha automatizada trucut e uma agulha Ross modificada. MÉTODOS: Oitenta e cinco pacientes com suspeita de doenças hepáticas crônicas e apresentando contra-indicações para biopsia hepática percutânea (coagulopatia, ascite maciça, obesidade mórbida ou problemas renais crônicos foram submetidos a 89 biopsias hep

  12. Ultrasound diagnosis of fibroadenoma - is biopsy always necessary?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, G.E.C. [Bradford Royal Infirmary, Bradford, West Yorkshire (United Kingdom)], E-mail: gemmaecsmith@hotmail.com; Burrows, P. [Bradford Royal Infirmary, Bradford, West Yorkshire (United Kingdom)

    2008-05-15

    Aim: To review the ultrasound characteristics of fibroadenoma and the necessity to biopsy all fibroadenomas in the under 25 years age group. Materials and methods: The details of all patients under 25 years of age who attended a large district general hospital in the UK between 1995 and 2005 with a clinical diagnosis of fibroadenoma and subsequently, underwent a breast biopsy were obtained. The report of the targeted ultrasound for these patients was reviewed and this was correlated with the histopathology report (n = 447). If there was a significant discrepancy between the ultrasound and the pathology report, the ultrasound images were reviewed. Results: Out of 447 patients 357 had an ultrasound diagnosis of fibroadenoma. This was histologically proven in 281 (78.8%) cases. In 75 (21.5%) of these patients the final histology was either another benign pathology or normal. One patient (0.3%) had an invasive carcinoma. Conclusion: The majority of patients in the 25 years and under age group have benign breast pathology, most commonly fibroadenoma. Modern ultrasound is a reliable technique to diagnose fibroadenoma in the hands of experienced breast radiologists. Therefore, in this age group, it is proposed that a palpable lump that has the ultrasound characteristics entirely consistent with a fibroadenoma need not be biopsied unless there is overriding clinical concern. The patients should be reassured, discharged, and advised to return for further evaluation only if they detect a change in the palpable abnormality.

  13. Advances in the Management of Upper Gastrointestinal Subepithelial Tumor: Pathologic Diagnosis Using Endoscopy without Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hang Lak

    2016-05-01

    Until now, biopsy methods for subepithelial tumors (SETs) have focused on endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided biopsy; however, these methods have several limitations. We devised a simple method for pathologic diagnosis of SETs. SETs are occasionally diagnosed during endoscopy, and lesions are generally small and asymptomatic. It can be challenging to decide on a management plan for large asymptomatic SETs. EUS imaging provides information regarding the size, layer, and echo pattern of the lesions. Patient management plans have traditionally been determined based on EUS images, whereby the endoscopist chooses to either monitor or remove the tumor. However, EUS alone cannot diagnose and evaluate upper gastrointestinal SETs with high accuracy. As sufficient tissue samples are required for the accurate diagnosis of SETs, EUS-guided biopsy techniques such as EUS fine-needle aspiration and trucut biopsy are currently used. However, these methods have a relatively low diagnostic accuracy and do not always provide information upon immunohistochemical staining. Endoscopists can easily detect a submucosal mass after creating an iatrogenic mucosal ulcer, after which tissue sampling is performed by using endoscopic biopsy. Furthermore, pathologic results can differentiate between benign and premalignant lesions. Here, we introduce a simple method for the pathologic diagnosis of SETs. PMID:27246253

  14. Endoscopic Ultrasound Fine Needle Aspiration in the Diagnosis of Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koen Creemers

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, endoscopic ultrasound techniques with Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA have become an increasingly used diagnostic aid in the differentiation of mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS and endoesophageal ultrasound (EUS are now available for clinicians to reach mediastinal and paramediastinal masses using a minimally invasive approach. These techniques are an established component for diagnosing and staging lung cancer and their benefit in the diagnosis of lymphoma's has been highlighted in a number of case studies. However, the lack of tissue architecture obtained by cytological FNA specimens decreases the diagnostic accuracy for benign causes of thoracic lymphadenopathies, lymphomas, and histopathological subtyping of lung cancer. Accordingly, our study group have adapted the FNA sampling technique, resulting in tissue fragments that can be used for histopathological examinations. As an illustration, we report a case of follicular non-Hodgkin lymphoma, diagnosed on tissue fragments obtained by adjusted EUS FNA. We believe that this relatively simple adjustment to routine FNA sampling can help to overcome the diagnostic limitations inherent in cytology obtained by routine FNA.

  15. Reasons for False-Negative and False-Positive Diagnosis in Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of the Breast: 286 Cases with Cyto-Histopathologic Correlation

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    Nilüfer Onak KANDEMİR

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Fine needle aspiration cytology is the first step in the diagnosing breast lesions. This study evaluated factors causing falsenegative and false-positive diagnoses when evaluating breast lesions using this technique.Material and Method: In this study, we retrospectively examined 511 breast diagnoses, based on Fine needle aspiration cytology specimens, made in the Medical School of Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Department of Pathology, between 2002 and 2009. Factors affecting the reliability of fine needle aspiration cytology were evaluated by comparing the cytological and biopsy diagnoses and using the clinical parameters in the diagnosis of breast lesions.Result: In our series, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of fine needle aspiration cytology were 77%, 99%, 95%, 93%, and 95%, respectively. The falsenegative diagnosis rate was 4% and the false-positive diagnosis rate was 1%.Conclusion: Sampling errors and erroneous interpretation of cellular monomorphism are the most important reasons for false-negative diagnosis results in the evaluation of breast lesions with fine needle aspiration cytology. Increased cellularity and reactive cell atypia in benign proliferative breast lesions are the most frequent reasons for false-positive diagnosis.

  16. Fine Needle Aspiration Diagnosis of Isolated Pancreatic Tuberculosis: A Case Report and Review of Literature

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    D'Cruz S

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: Tuberculosis is a common disease in the developing world and its incidence is slowly increasing in developed countries where a resurgence has been seen subsequent to the AIDS epidemic. Tuberculosis, in its extrapulmonary form, though emerging as a clinical problem, rarely affects the pancreas. The pancreas is biologically protected from being infected by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Pancreatic tuberculosis presents with a wide spectrum of symptoms such as abdominal pain, constitutional symptoms, obstructive jaundice, iron deficiency anemia, pancreatic abscess, massive gastro-intestinal bleeding, acute/chronic pancreatitis, secondary diabetes, splenic vein thrombosis and a pancreatic mass mimicking malignancy. It should be suspected clinically in patients having a pancreatic mass, particularly if the patient is young, not jaundiced, coming from an area of high tuberculosis endemicity and having a normal endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography. Its indolent course and vague symptomatology along with non-specific laboratory and radiological findings call for greater vigilance. CASE REPORT: We report a case of pancreatic tuberculosis which presented with pancreatic pain. Imaging techniques revealed a mass located in the head of the pancreatic gland. Fine needle aspiration cytology revealed caseating granulomas. The diagnosis of pancreatic tuberculosis was made and the patient was put on anti-tubercular therapy. Five months later, a repeat CT scan of the abdomen revealed resolution of the pancreatic lesion. CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of pancreatic tuberculosis is usually not suspected prior to laparotomy. Most patients have been diagnosed at laparotomy, thus fine needle aspiration cytology/biopsy is useful in obviating the need for major surgery with its accompanying morbidity. Exploratory laparotomy may be required in technically difficult cases due to risk of injury to the vessels in the vicinity of the mass.

  17. Practical significance of utilizing fine needle aspiration cytology as an adjunct diagnostic aid in the preoperative presumptive diagnosis of ameloblastoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sriram Kaliamoorthy

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Cytological reports of ameloblastoma are relatively rare in the literature. Appropriate cytologic diagnosis may play a significant role in its preoperative presumptive diagnosis, especially when incisional biopsy findings are inadequate. Aim: To systematically study the detailed cytomorphologic features of ameloblastoma and to evaluate the role of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC in its preoperative diagnosis. Materials and Methods: In this study, FNAC was done on 26 cases of intra-osseous jaw lesion, clinically diagnosed as odontogenic tumor or developmental odontogenic cysts and detailed cytopathological interpretation was carried out and the results were correlated with the corresponding histopathology. Results: Of the 26 cases, 15 were found to be ameloblastoma and sensitivity of FNAC in the diagnosis of ameloblastoma was found to be 86.6%. None of the intra-osseous jaw lesion was false positively diagnosed as ameloblastoma in FNAC and hence the specificity was found to be 100%. Conclusion: Presence of cohesive epithelial cell clusters exhibiting smaller basaloid cells with peripherally placed tall columnar cells and occasional large squamous cells either adjoining the basaloid epithelial clusters or in isolated group aids in the specific cytological diagnosis of ameloblastoma and FNAC offers an excellent diagnostic aid that may play a significant role in preoperative presumptive diagnosis of ameloblastoma along with incisional biopsy.

  18. Diagnostic accuracy and complication rate of CT-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy of lung lesions: A study based on the experience of the cytopathologist

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Massimiliano Priola, Adriano; Priola, Sandro Massimo; Cataldi, Aldo; Paze, Francesco (Dept. of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Univ. of Turin, S. Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Turin (Italy)), e-mail: adriano.priola@inwind.it; Di Franco, Marisa (Dept. of Pharmacology, S. Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Orbassano, Turin (Italy)); Marci, Valerio (Dept. of Pathology, S. Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Orbassano, Turin (Italy)); Berruti, Alfredo (Dept. of Oncology, S. Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Orbassano, Turin (Italy))

    2010-06-15

    Background: CT-guided transthoracic needle biopsy is a well-established technique for the diagnosis of focal lung lesions. Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) requires the presence of a cytopathologist on-site to assess the adequacy of samples. For this reason FNAB is less and less used, and core biopsy is the first-line procedure when an experienced cytopathologist is not immediately available. Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy and complication rate of CT-guided FNAB of lung lesions according to the experience of the cytopathologist on-site. Material and Methods: A total of 321 consecutive biopsies were considered. Immediate cytological assessment was performed by an experienced cytopathologist for the first 165 procedures (group A) and by two training pathologists for the remaining 156 biopsies (group B). At the time of FNAB the pathologist assigned a semiquantitative score (0-3) to each specimen to assess its diagnostic quality. All variables between the two groups were analyzed by chi-square and Student's t test. A P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: For all procedures, overall diagnostic accuracy was 80% for cytology alone, with no statistical difference between the two groups for diagnostic accuracy and sample score assigned. In all, 75% of the cytological samples (75% group A, 74% group B) obtained a higher score with a specific diagnosis of histotype. A post biopsy pneumothorax was detected in 27% of biopsies (25% group A, 28% group B). Thirteen patients (4.0%) required chest tube insertion for treatment. For all cases, the pneumothorax rate was significantly affected by the number of samples obtained (P=0.02), but not by the pleural punctures (P=0.15). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups concerning the number of needle passes and complication rate (P>0.05). Conclusion: The efficacy and safety of CT-guided FNAB is not significantly affected by the training level of the cytopathologist

  19. Fuzzy method for pre-diagnosis of breast cancer from the Fine Needle Aspirate analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sizilio Gláucia RMA

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Across the globe, breast cancer is one of the leading causes of death among women and, currently, Fine Needle Aspirate (FNA with visual interpretation is the easiest and fastest biopsy technique for the diagnosis of this deadly disease. Unfortunately, the ability of this method to diagnose cancer correctly when the disease is present varies greatly, from 65% to 98%. This article introduces a method to assist in the diagnosis and second opinion of breast cancer from the analysis of descriptors extracted from smears of breast mass obtained by FNA, with the use of computational intelligence resources - in this case, fuzzy logic. Methods For data acquisition of FNA, the Wisconsin Diagnostic Breast Cancer Data (WDBC, from the University of California at Irvine (UCI Machine Learning Repository, available on the internet through the UCI domain was used. The knowledge acquisition process was carried out by the extraction and analysis of numerical data of the WDBC and by interviews and discussions with medical experts. The PDM-FNA-Fuzzy was developed in four steps: 1 Fuzzification Stage; 2 Rules Base; 3 Inference Stage; and 4 Defuzzification Stage. Performance cross-validation was used in the tests, with three databases with gold pattern clinical cases randomly extracted from the WDBC. The final validation was held by medical specialists in pathology, mastology and general practice, and with gold pattern clinical cases, i.e. with known and clinically confirmed diagnosis. Results The Fuzzy Method developed provides breast cancer pre-diagnosis with 98.59% sensitivity (correct pre-diagnosis of malignancies; and 85.43% specificity (correct pre-diagnosis of benign cases. Due to the high sensitivity presented, these results are considered satisfactory, both by the opinion of medical specialists in the aforementioned areas and by comparison with other studies involving breast cancer diagnosis using FNA. Conclusions This paper presents an

  20. Biopsia por aspiración y supresión con hormonas tiroideas en el diagnóstico de cáncer tiroideo: comparación con la cirugía en 77 nódulos hipocaptantes Fine-Needle aspiration biopsy and suppression with thyroid hormone in the diagnosis of thyroid carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Humberto Aristizábal

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available Se estudiaron 77 pacientes con nódulos tiroideos hipocaptantes, demostrados por gamagrafía, por medio de biopsia tiroidea por aspiración y terapia supresiva con hormonas tiroideas durante 6 meses o más. Se realizó estudio ecográfico del nódulo antes de iniciar la terapia y seis meses después de estarla administrando. Todos fueron intervenidos porque en ninguno desapareció el nódulo con la terapia, a pesar de que se obtuvo supresión de la tirotrofina en plasma. La biopsia tiroidea por aspiración (BT A fue Interpretada en todos los pacientes como bocio coloide o nodular o neoplasia folicular. En contraste, en el estudio de la pieza quirúrgica 52 pacientes presentaron bocio nodular, multinodular o coloide; 16 tenían carcinomas (12 papilares y 4 foliculares y 9 tiroiditis de Hashimoto. Contrariamente a lo esperado se observó que 5 de loS carcinomas (31.3% disminuyeron de volumen durante el tratamiento hormonal; de acuerdo a la ecografía la disminución promedio fue 0.41 cm3. En cambio 4 de los 52 nódulos benignos (7.7% aumentaron de volumen, en promedio 3.7 cm3. Estos hallazgos sugieren que la prueba de supresión con hormonas tiroideas no es confiable para definir si una lesión es benigna o maligna. En el estudio quirúrgico se demostró que 20.8% (16/77 de los nódulos eran carcinomas. A la luz de estos datos la biopsia por aspiración no estableció por lo general el diagnóstico de carcinoma; por ello se debe recurrir a la cirugía aunque la biopsia sea negativa.

    Seventy-seven patients with cold thyroid nodules were studied with flne-needle aspiration biopsy and suppression with thyroid hormone. The volume of the nodule was calculated ultrasonographycally at the beginning of the study and after six months of oral therapy with thyroglobulin, at doses sufficient to maintain TSH at the low limits of the normal

  1. Value of CT-guided core-needle biopsy in diagnosis and classification of malignant lymphomas using automated biopsy gun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Li; Qiu-Liang Wu; Li-Zhi Liu; Yun-Xian Mo; Chuan-Miao Xie; Lie Zheng; Lin Chen; Pei-Hong Wu

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the value of CT-guided core-needle biopsy in diagnosis and classification of malignant lymphomas.METHODS: From January 1999 to October 2004, CT-guided core-needle biopsies were performed in 80 patients with suspected malignant lymphoma. Biopsies were performed with an 18-20 G biopsy-cut (CR Bard, Inc., Covington, GA,USA) needle driven by a spring-loaded Bard biopsy gun.RESULTS: A definite diagnosis and accurate histological subtype were obtained in 61 patients with a success rate of 76.25% (61/80). Surgical sampling was performed in 19 patients (23.75%) with non-diagnostic core-needle biopsies. The success rate of CT-guided core-needle biopsy varied with the histopathologic subtypes in our group.The relatively high success rates of core-needle biopsy were noted in diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL, 88.89%) and peripheral T-cell NHL (90%). However,the success rates were relatively low in anaplastic large cell (T/null cell) lymphoma (ALCL, 44.44%) and Hodgkin's disease (HD, 28.57%) in our group.CONCLUSION: CT-guided core-needle biopsy is a reliable means of diagnosing and classifying malignant lymphomas,and can be widely applied in the management of patients with suspected malignant lymphoma.

  2. A new instrument for rectal suction biopsy in the diagnosis of Hirschsprung′s disease: Triple rectal suction biopsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barlas Meral

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A new instrument for suction rectal biopsy in infants suspected of having Hirschsprung′s disease is described that can be completely dismantled, physically cleaned, lubricated, and heat sterilised. Triple rectal suction biopsy instrument with the patent application, which involves (0.5 cm diameter suction of mucosa and sub-mucosa and provides taking three different biopsies within a 2 cm distant from each other with a single shot, instead of only one or taking a full layer biopsy under general anesthesia for the diagnosis of Hirschsprung disease. As a preliminary study, in the 36 and 12 biopsy materials taken from the rabbits and children, respectively, it was found that mucosa and sub-mucosa were sufficient and in all of the cross sections, parasympathetic nerve fibers, and ganglion cells were existed. A successful biopsy was usually achieved and no complications occurred.

  3. Parotid gland biopsy compared with labial biopsy in the diagnosis of patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pijpe, J.; Kalk, W. W. I.; van der Wal, J. E.; Vissink, A.; Kluin, Ph. M.; Roodenburg, J. L. N.; Bootsma, H.; Kallenberg, C. G. M.; Spijkervet, F. K. L.

    2007-01-01

    Objective. To assess the value of the parotid biopsy as a diagnostic tool for primary Sjogren's syndrome ( pSS), and to compare the parotid biopsy and the labial biopsy with regard to diagnostic value and biopsy-related morbidity. Methods. In 15 consecutive patients with pSS and 20 controls, the par

  4. The Utility of US-Guided Core-Needle Biopsy in the Diagnosis of Thyroid Nodules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Ji Youn; Hong, Soon Won; Kim, Eun Kyung; Kim, Min Jung; Kwak, Jin Young; Moon, Hee Jung; Kim, Ki Whang [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-12-15

    Ultrasonography (US)-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is widely considered to be the diagnostic technique of choice in the assessment of nodular disease of the thyroid gland. Although the accuracy of FNAB analysis approaches 95% where there is an adequate sample, non-diagnostic sampling occurs in 10-20% of cases. Additionally, equivocal pathological results are obtained in 10-30% of cases, and there are limitations in detecting subtypes of certain diseases, such as lymphoma. Generally, US-guided core needle biopsy (CNB) allows for the procurement of a large, grossly visible specimen and a more precise pathological diagnosis. Therefore, US-guided CNB is indicated in the following situations: 1) when an inadequate specimen is obtained by FNAB, 2) when FNAB yields indeterminate or inadequate information, 3) when targeting of the lesion is difficult because it is diffuse, and 4) when there is a discrepancy between the imaging findings and the FNAB results. In this article, we describe the situations in which US-guided CNB is useful for diagnosing thyroid lesions

  5. Use of Core Needle Biopsy rather than Fine-Needle Aspiration Cytology in the Diagnostic Approach of Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pagni, Paola; Spunticchia, Flaminia; Barberi, Simona; Caprio, Giuliana; Paglicci, Carlo

    2014-01-01

    Background and Aims In the following study case, we reviewed breast ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (CNB), using Mammotome (vacuum-assisted breast biopsy) and Tru-cut, carried out on palpable and nonpalpable uncertain breast lumps or malignant large lesions to be submitted to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Material and Methods Examinations were conducted during a 4-year period of clinical activity in a highly specialized center, from December 2009 to December 2013, in 712 patients previously subjected to fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). Results The results demonstrated that among the 712 breast biopsies, in many cases FNAC was not conclusive, and therefore we proceeded with the echo-guided biopsy, through which we were able to collect sufficient material for the histological examination in order to direct patients to surgery or follow-up. Conclusions CNB is far superior to FNAC, especially in cases of uncertainty, where it is preferable to proceed directly with CNB, which may also determine additional prognostic and predictive markers. Initially FNAC is less expensive, but the actual costs involved tend to be higher for FNAC as it is less accurate and a CNB is often required. In accordance with recent publications, we can confirm the full validity of CNB in the diagnostic approach of breast lesions. PMID:25120471

  6. Use of Core Needle Biopsy rather than Fine-Needle Aspiration Cytology in the Diagnostic Approach of Breast Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Pagni

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: In the following study case, we reviewed breast ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (CNB, using Mammotome (vacuum-assisted breast biopsy and Tru-cut, carried out on palpable and nonpalpable uncertain breast lumps or malignant large lesions to be submitted to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Material and Methods: Examinations were conducted during a 4-year period of clinical activity in a highly specialized center, from December 2009 to December 2013, in 712 patients previously subjected to fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC. Results: The results demonstrated that among the 712 breast biopsies, in many cases FNAC was not conclusive, and therefore we proceeded with the echo-guided biopsy, through which we were able to collect sufficient material for the histological examination in order to direct patients to surgery or follow-up. Conclusions: CNB is far superior to FNAC, especially in cases of uncertainty, where it is preferable to proceed directly with CNB, which may also determine additional prognostic and predictive markers. Initially FNAC is less expensive, but the actual costs involved tend to be higher for FNAC as it is less accurate and a CNB is often required. In accordance with recent publications, we can confirm the full validity of CNB in the diagnostic approach of breast lesions.

  7. Tumour seeding after fine-needle aspiration and core biopsy of the head and neck--a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Keval S V; Ethunandan, Madan

    2016-04-01

    Although fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and core needle biopsy are essential diagnostic investigations of lumps in the head and neck, seeding along the needle track has long been a concern, and various factors have been implicated. We therefore searched the Medline database for relevant English language papers published between 1970 and 2014, excluding those on the thyroid and parathyroid, and systematically reviewed them to assess the risk. In the 610 articles reviewed we found only 7 reports of seeding (5 after FNAC and 2 after core needle biopsy). Tumours were found between 3 months and 3 years after the procedure in 4 cases, and in 3, tumour cells were found along the needle track between 0 and 33 days after the procedure. The needles varied in size from 18 - 22 gauge (G) and there were 3 to 4 passes. Four cases occurred after investigation of a mass in the salivary glands, and 3 after assessment of a cervical lymph node. Disease was benign in one and malignant in 6. Seeding along the needle track after FNAC or core needle biopsy of a lump in the head and neck is rarely reported, and an accurate estimate of its incidence is difficult to ascertain. Crude estimates suggest 0.00012% and 0.0011% after FNA and core needle biopsy, respectively. A distinction should be made between seeding that is seen shortly after the procedure and the development of tumour along the needle track. PMID:26837638

  8. Fine needle aspirating and cutting is superior to Tru-cut core needle in liver biopsy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo-Ping Li; Gao-Quan Gong; Xiao-Lin Wang; Yi Chen; Jie-Min Cheng and Chang-Yu Li

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Liver  biopsy  is  the  "gold  standard"  for evaluating liver disorders, but controversies over the potential risk of complications and patient discomfort still exist. Using a 21G fine needle, we developed a new biopsy procedure, fine needle aspirating and cutting (FNAC). Our procedure obtains enough  tissue  for  pathological  examination  and  meanwhile, reduces the risk of biopsy complications. The present study was to determine the safety and efficiency of 21G FNAC compared with 18G Tru-cut core needle (TCN) in liver tumor biopsies. METHODS: Ninety-four patients with unresectable malignant tumors were included in this study. Patients were divided into 2 groups: 18G TCN and 21G FNAC. The total positive rate (TPR) and safety of both groups were compared. RESULTS: TPR was not different between the two groups. Liver puncture  track  subcapsular  hemorrhage  and  arteriovenous shunt  were  reported  with  18G  TCN  but  not  with  21G  FNAC. The incidence of pain caused by biopsy was higher for the 18G TCN group compared to the 21G FNAC group (P0.5  cm,  but  52.1%  in  the  21G  FNAC  group  (P CONCLUSIONS: TPR is not different between the 21G FNAC and 18G TCN biopsy procedures, but the safety of 21G FNAC is superior to that of 18G TCN. Tissues obtained by either of these two procedures are sufficient for a pathological diagnosis.

  9. Parasitological diagnosis of schistosomiasis mansoni: fecal examination and rectal biopsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lúcia Teles Rabello

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available Even with all progress in the search of sensitive and methods for the immunological diagnosis of schistosomiasis, the microscopic detection of eggs of the parasite in the stool still remains the most widely used tool for the actual diagnosis of active infection. Among the coproscopic methods, Kato's technic modified by Katz et al (Kato/Katz has the advantages of higher sensitivity, the possibility of egg quantification, its low operational cost and its feasibility in areas with minimal infra-structure. The oorgram of the rectal mucosa is valuable in initial clinical trials of schistosomicides, when it is needed to observe egg morphology in tissue. It could be an alternative method for individual diagnosis, being more sensitive than a single stool exam in low intensity infection. However, the increased sensitivity of a higher number of fecal exams makes that invasiveprocedure unnecessary. In the assessment of cure of schistosomiasis, Kato/Katz method (three fecal samples in one, three and six months after treatment and the rectal biopsy four months after treatment, are equally reliable.

  10. Is fine-needle aspiration diagnosis of malignancy adequate prior to major lung resections including pneumonectomy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khorsandi, Maziar; Shaikhrezai, Kasra; Wallace, William; Brackenbury, Edward

    2012-08-01

    A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether a fine-needle aspiration (FNA) diagnosis is of sufficient reliability for the diagnosis of lung cancer prior to a major lung resection. Altogether, 112 papers were found using the reported search, of which 13 papers presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. The tabulated studies include two meta-analyses, one systematic review, one randomized controlled trial (RCT) and nine cohort studies. The specificity reported for FNA in the diagnosis and staging of lung cancer ranged from 96.2 to 100%. One meta-analysis reported a specificity of 97%. Another meta-analysis reported a specificity of 98.8%. A systematic review reported a specificity of 97%. An RCT reported a specificity of 96.2-100%. We conclude that the FNA for lung cancer is reported to be highly specific prior to major lung resection with a very low false positive rate. However, although a false positive may occasionally be acceptable in lobectomies, where the lobes are often removed without histology, all steps should be taken to avoid a false positive result in pneumonectomy considering the serious consequences of embarking upon such an operation in the small number of patients with a false positive result, and we recommend that a positive FNA result should be confirmed by means of alternative sampling methods. We also acknowledge that obtaining an additional biopsy specimen would add to the risk of morbidity and costs; therefore, any benefits should be weighed against risks and additional costs. PMID:22611184

  11. Pleomorphic Adenoma of the Breast: A Diagnosis Using an Ultrasound-Guided Core-Needle Biopsy Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, In Wha; Yun, Jung Hyun; Kim, Tae Heon; Lee, Kyung Po; Jung, Hea Kyung; Ko, Kyung Hee; Lee, Jong Tae [CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, College of Medicine, Seongnam (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-08-15

    Pleomorphic adenoma is a tumor rarely seen in the breast. To date, only about 70 cases have been reported in the literature. Many reports have used fine-needle aspiration biopsy in the preoperative diagnosis of these lesions. However, pleomorphic adenoma is sometimes mistaken for a malignant tumor because of its cytologic features. In this study, we present a 56-year-old woman with a palpable breast mass. Ultrasound indicated a 15 mm oval-shaped hypoechoic mass with complex echogenicity in the palpable region. Ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (US-CNB) revealed a pleomorphic adenoma of the breast, which was confirmed through surgical excision. Although pleomorphic adenoma is rarely seen in the breast, results demonstrate the usefulness and accuracy of US-CNB in diagnosing pleomorphic adenoma of the breast.

  12. Pleomorphic Adenoma of the Breast: A Diagnosis Using an Ultrasound-Guided Core-Needle Biopsy Case Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pleomorphic adenoma is a tumor rarely seen in the breast. To date, only about 70 cases have been reported in the literature. Many reports have used fine-needle aspiration biopsy in the preoperative diagnosis of these lesions. However, pleomorphic adenoma is sometimes mistaken for a malignant tumor because of its cytologic features. In this study, we present a 56-year-old woman with a palpable breast mass. Ultrasound indicated a 15 mm oval-shaped hypoechoic mass with complex echogenicity in the palpable region. Ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (US-CNB) revealed a pleomorphic adenoma of the breast, which was confirmed through surgical excision. Although pleomorphic adenoma is rarely seen in the breast, results demonstrate the usefulness and accuracy of US-CNB in diagnosing pleomorphic adenoma of the breast.

  13. Comparative single cell and flow DNA analysis in aspiration biopsies from breast carcinomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auer, G; Tribukait, B

    1980-11-01

    The DNA distribution patterns in fine needle aspirates from 17 breast carcinomas was analysed, using single cell and flow cytophotometric techniques. A good correlation was observed to exist between the modal DNA values obtained by the two methods. Advantages and disadvantages of the two methods are discussed. PMID:7010915

  14. Microbiological diagnosis of vertebral osteomyelitis: relevance of second percutaneous biopsy following initial negative biopsy and limited yield of post-biopsy blood cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gras, G; Buzele, R; Parienti, J J; Debiais, F; Dinh, A; Dupon, M; Roblot, F; Mulleman, D; Marcelli, C; Michon, J; Bernard, L

    2014-03-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the microbiological diagnosis yield of post-biopsy blood cultures (PBBCs) and second percutaneous needle biopsy (PNB) following an initial negative biopsy in vertebral osteomyelitis (VO) without bacteremia. A retrospective multicenter study was performed. Patients with VO, pre-biopsy negative blood culture(s), ≥1 PNB, and ≥1 PBBC (0-4 h) were included. One hundred and sixty-nine PNBs (136 first and 33 following initial negative biopsy) were performed for 136 patients (median age = 58 years, sex ratio M/F = 1.9). First and second PNBs had a similar yield: 43.4 % (59/136) versus 39.4 % (13/33), respectively. Only two PBBCs (1.1 %) led to a microbiological diagnosis. The strategy with positive first PNB and second PNB following an initial negative result led to microbiological diagnosis in 79.6 % (74/93) of cases versus 44.1 % (60/136) for the strategy with only one biopsy. In the multivariate analysis, young age (odds ratio, OR [95 % confidence interval (CI)] = 0.98 [0.97; 0.99] per 1 year increase, p = 0.02) and >1 sample (OR = 2.4 ([1.3; 4.4], p = 0.007)) were independently associated with positive PNB. To optimize microbiological diagnosis in vertebral osteomyelitis, performing a second PNB (after an initial negative biopsy) could lead to a microbiological diagnosis in nearly 80 % of patients. PBBC appears to be limited in microbiological diagnosis.

  15. Lymph node biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - lymph nodes; Open lymph node biopsy; Fine needle aspiration biopsy; Sentinel lymph node biopsy ... A lymph node biopsy is done in an operating room in a hospital. Or, it is done at an outpatient surgical center. The ...

  16. Cytological and sonographic correlation of the biopsies by fine needle aspiration (FNAB) of thyroid nodules in the Hospital San Rafael de Alajuela of July 1, 2006 to February 28, 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The importance of the use of aspiration biopsy with ultrasonic-guided fine needle is recognized as screening method for diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Thyroid nodules are very common, the prevalence of palpitation has been estimated by 4% and 6% by ultrasound. The prevalence in autopsy data of patients with no history of thyroid pathology has been up to 50%. The use set of advanced imaging techniques and modified techniques of biopsy is implemented in order to increase the diagnostic security of thyroid lesions. The incidental finding of thyroid nodules or incidentalomas has soared dizzily, since the advent of ultrasound as an element in the valuation of thyroid disease and thyroid in the neck. Incidence has been reported even up to 40%. A growing number of endocrinologists are using aspiration biopsy with ultrasound guided fine needle of thyroid nodules as initial diagnostic procedure to identify discrete nodules with a direct location. The percentage of malignant nodules or that require surgery by size or symptomatology, generally, is very low, had to be established a systematic approach to reducing morbidity and mortality associated with major surgery of the neck and reduce costs. The biopsy by fine needle aspiration has been a well established diagnostic technique for preoperative evaluation of thyroid nodules, which has led a significant reduction in the number of unnecessary surgeries in most centers has been between 35-75%. This biopsy has been a specific method, sensitive and inexpensive. The sonographic guidance for biopsy by fine needle aspiration offers the following benefits: is safe and inexpensive, able to reduce costs in 25%, minimally invasive and highly effective, this guidance has increased the detection of malignancy of 14 to 39%. Among the complications that can occur is the formation of hematoma and pain, which are rare. On the other hand, the sonographic guidance is essential for biopsy nonpalpable nodules helping to ensure proper placement of

  17. Sparing sentinel node biopsy through axillary lymph node fine needle aspiration in primary breast cancers

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng, Yu-Shu; Kuo, Shou-Jen; Chen, Dar-Ren

    2013-01-01

    Background Axillary lymph node status is an important staging and prognostic factor in breast cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of axilla fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in primary breast cancer without a palpable node and even without image characteristics of a metastatic node. Methods From June 2008 to January 2012, 77 patients met the inclusion criteria of having received a FNAC procedure during the diagnostic protocol of primary breast cancer with the characteristic...

  18. Pleuroscopic punch biopsy using insulated-tip diathermic knife-2 for the diagnosis of desmoplastic malignant mesothelioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masai, Kyohei; Sasada, Shinji; Izumo, Takehiro; Taniyama, Tomoko; Nakamura, Yukiko; Chavez, Christine; Sakurai, Hiroyuki; Tsuta, Koji; Tsuchida, Takaaki

    2013-10-01

    Desmoplastic malignant mesothelioma (DMM) is a rare subtype of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) and is often difficult to distinguish from pleural fibrosis and reactive mesothelial hyperplasia, especially if the biopsy samples are small. We performed full-thickness pleural biopsy on a lesion suspected to be DMM using an insulated-tip diathermic knife-2 (IT knife-2) during flex-rigid pleuroscopy. IT knife-2 is a novel electrosurgical device for endoscopic submucosal dissection in the early gastrointestinal cancer. It consists of a needle knife with 3 short blades at the distal end attached to an insulated ceramic tip. A 54-year-old man presenting with chest wall mass and thickened pleura, in whom a computed tomography-guided percutaneous needle aspiration had remained negative, underwent flex-rigid pleuroscopy for definitive diagnosis. While applying electric current, we used the IT knife-2 to incise the pleura in a circular shape just above the endothoracic fascia. The incised pleura was removed by forceps and examined pathologically. The microscopic examination was compatible with DMM. We discovered that pleuroscopic punch biopsy using IT knife-2 can diagnose DMM. Use of IT knife-2 during flex-rigid pleuroscopy can obtain sufficient samples from densely thickened pleura, which is difficult to diagnose with small biopsies. PMID:24162121

  19. Thyroid nodules with nondiagnostic results on repeat fine-needle aspiration biopsy: which nodules should be considered for repeat biopsy or surgery rather than follow-up?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Na Lae Eun

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The goal of this study was to assess the clinicopathologic and ultrasonographic features of thyroid nodules with nondiagnostic results on repeat ultrasonography (US-guided fineneedle aspiration biopsy (FNAB according to size and the number of suspicious findings and to determine the proper management of nodules with consecutive nondiagnostic results. Methods: This retrospective study included 297 nodules with nondiagnostic results on repeat FNAB that were evaluated by US over the course of at least 12 months of follow-up, a follow-up biopsy, or an operation. We compared clinical and US variables between benign and malignant nodules in thyroid nodules with repeat nondiagnostic results. Results: The comparison of benign and malignant nodules with repeat nondiagnostic results revealed that age, marked hypoechogenicity, irregular or microlobulated margins, microcalcifications, and nonparallel shape were significantly associated with malignancy. Multivariate logistic regression analysis in malignant nodules revealed that microcalcifications and irregular or microlobulated margins were independently associated with malignancy. Among them, only irregular or microlobulated margins were independently significant as a predictor of malignancy in repeatedly nondiagnostic nodules measuring >10 mm. Using receiver operating characteristic analysis, the best cutoff value for the “number of suspicious findings” between benign and malignant nodules was three in nodules of all sizes, three in nodules measuring ≤10 mm, and two in nodules measuring >10 mm. Conclusion: Irregular or microlobulated margins may be the most frequent US features in repeatedly nondiagnostic nodules >10 mm. The presence of “two or more suspicious findings” can be used as the cutoff for distinguishing benign and malignant nodules.

  20. Clinical impact of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy in patients with upper gastrointestinal tract malignancies. A prospective study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, M B; Pless, T; Durup, J;

    2001-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Several studies have evaluated the accuracy of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNAB) in the upper gastrointestinal tract, but so far no studies have specifically evaluated the clinical impact of EUS-FNAB in upper gastrointestinal tract...

  1. Tuberculosis and Other Infectious Diseases Diagnosed on Computed Tomography (CT Guided Needle Aspiration and Biopsy of Thoracic Lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sepideh Rouhi

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Background/Objective: CT-guided biopsy provides results in a short period and can be applied on outpatient and even high-risk patients. The aim was to report our experience regarding infectious lesion diagnosis on CT-guided biopsy and to identify the complication rate of procedure. "nPatients and Methods: We evaluated 224 CT-guided biopsies of benign thoracic lesions performed from March 2004 to December 2008 retrospectively. All biopsies were performed by one radiologist with Westcott needle number 20 and 18. The CT scans were assessed by a trained general practitioner for the size and location of lesions and diagnosis of pneumothorax or pneumomediastinum and then all CT scans were double checked by the same radiologist. Lesions considered benign and the differentiations based on pathology reports. "nResults: In this series, 99 (44.2% infectious, 98 inflammatory, 14 neoplastic and 13 granulomatous lesions were found. In the infectious lesion group, 73 (73.7% of the lesions were bacterial, 20 (20.2% were fungal and six (6.1% were hydatid cysts. The location of the cases are as follows; 29 (29.3% in the right lower, 24 (24.2% in the left upper, 20 (20.2% in the right upper lobes and 26 were in other locations. 26% in the right middle, left lower lobes, mediastinum and the chest wall. The mean diameter of infectious masses and the distance of the lesions to the chest wall were 6.187 cm and 0.348 cm, respectively. Moreover, four cases with Tuberculosis were detected in the right lower (2, right upper (1 and left upper (1 lobes. Pneumothorax occurred in four infectious lesions, while chest tube was placed for only one case. "nConclusion: CT-guided needle biopsy seems to be a safe and feasible diagnostic modality with a low-risk probability of complications for infectious diseases.

  2. Use of fine needle aspirate from peripheral nerves of pure-neural leprosy for cytology and PCR to confirm the diagnosis: A pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abu Hena Hasanoor Reja

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The diagnosis of pure neural leprosy (PNL remained subjective because of over-dependence of clinical expertise and a lack of simple yet reliable diagnostic tool. The criteria for diagnosis, proposed by Jardim et al., are not routinely done by clinicians in developing country as it involves invasive nerve biopsy and sophisticated anti-PGL-1 detection. We conducted a study using fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC coupled with Ziehl Neelsen staining (ZN staining and Multiplex- Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR specific for M. leprae for an objective diagnosis of pure neural leprosy (PNL, which may be simpler and yet reliable. Aim: The aim of the study is to couple FNAC with ZN staining and multiplex PCR to diagnose pure neural leprosy patients rapidly, in simpler and yet reliable way. Methods: Thirteen patients of PNL as diagnosed by two independent consultants were included as case, and 5 patients other than PNL were taken as control in the study. Fine needle aspiration was done on the affected nerve, and aspirates were evaluated for cytology, ZN staining and multiplex- PCR. Results: Out of the 13 cases where fine needle aspiration was done, M. leprae could be elicited in the nerve tissue aspirates in 5 cases (38.4% with the help of conventional acid-fast staining and 11 cases (84.6% with the help of multiplex PCR. On cytological examination of the aspirates, only 3 (23% cases showed specific epithelioid cells, whereas 8 (61.5% cases showed non-specific inflammation, and 2 (15.3% cases had no inflammatory cells. Conclusion: Our study demonstrates that in the field of laboratory diagnosis of PNL cases, FNAC in combination with ZN staining for acid-fast bacilli (AFB and Multiplex-PCR can provide a rapid and definitive diagnosis for the majority of PNL cases. FNAC is a less-invasive, outdoor-based and simpler technique than invasive nerve biopsy procedure. Thus, this study may enlighten the future path for easy and reliable diagnosis of

  3. The Utility of Endoscopic Ultrasound Guided Fine Needle Aspiration in the Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases—Report of Three Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Ajaj Saieg

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA is a fast and minimally invasive methodology with a crucial impact on patients’ management. It has an important and established role in the diagnosis and staging of mediastinal and abdominal malignancies, but little is discussed in the literature on the usefulness of this technique in the diagnosis of infectious diseases. In the current report, we present three different cases where EUS was essential for reaching the diagnosis of tuberculosis and paracoccidiodomicosis in cases otherwise seen as malignant. In conclusion, EUS was successful not only in obtaining enough cells for morphological analysis, but also for the production of cell blocks and assessment of the presence of the microorganisms by special stains. EUS allied to fine needle biopsy was an important tool in determining diagnoses of enlarged lymph nodes, revealing the diagnosis of infectious diseases in cases otherwise seen as malignant. The wide use of this methodology in cases such as those reported here cannot only rule out malignancy, but also aid critically ill patients by installing early proper therapy without the need for aggressive interventions.

  4. Percutaneous transthoracic biopsy for thoracic lesions: comparison of the utility of fine needle aspiration (FNA), percutaneous curring needle biopsy (PCNB) and combination of both methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, Won Sang; Choi, Young Hi; Kim, Tae Hoon; Seo, Jae Cheol; Na, Hye Myong; Ha, Mina Ha [College of Medicine, Dankook Univ., Chonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-03-01

    To assess the diagnostic role of FNA, PCNB, and a combination of both methods in patients who underwent percutaneous transthoracic biopsy for a malignant or benign intrathoracic lesion. We retrospectively reviewed the findings of 213 patients with an intrathoracic mass or consolidation who underwnt FNA (Group A, n=98), PCNB(Group B, n=31) or a combination of both methods (Group C, n=84). Under fluoroscopic guidance, diagnoses were based on the findings of surgery, biopsy at another site or clinical and radiologic follow-up. In the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant disease, and in the diagnosis of small-cell lung cancer, pulmonary tuberculosis, non-tuberculous infectious disease and benign mass, sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were statistically analysed in each group. Among 213 patients, lesions were malignant in 134 and benign in 79. In group A, sensitivity and specificity were 90.1% and 100% for malignant lesions, and 91.5% and 90.1% for benign, while in group B, the corresponding findings were 90.4% and 100% and 90.0% and 90.1 %. In group C, corresponding rates of 95.1% and 100% (p<0.05) and 100% and 92% (p<0.05) were recorded. In group C, accuracy and sensitivity were higher than in group A or (p<0.05). Post-procedural pneumothorax occurred in 15.3% of group A, 13.3% of group B, and 20.6% of group C, while hemoptysis was found in 7.1% of group A, 13.3 % group B, and 2.9% of group C. Among the three groups, the complication rate showed no statistically significant variation (p<0.05). In the specific diagnosis of small-cell lung cancer, the sensitivity and specificity of FNA and PCNB were, respectively, 100%, and 98.5%, and 90.0% and 98.0% (p<0.05); for tuberculosis, the corresponding figures were 35.0% and 100%, and 20.0% and 97.2 (p<0.05). FNA was better in the diagnosis of non-tuberculous infectious disease, while PCNB was better in the specific diagnosis of benign masses, without statistical significance. FNA is superior to PCNB in the

  5. Is fine-needle aspiration diagnosis of malignancy adequate prior to major lung resections including pneumonectomy?

    OpenAIRE

    Khorsandi, Maziar; Shaikhrezai, Kasra; Wallace, William; Brackenbury, Edward

    2012-01-01

    A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether a fine-needle aspiration (FNA) diagnosis is of sufficient reliability for the diagnosis of lung cancer prior to a major lung resection. Altogether, 112 papers were found using the reported search, of which 13 papers presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, releva...

  6. Predisposing factors of pneumothorax in percutaneous transthoracic fine needle aspiration biopsy: comparison between CT emphysema score and pulmonary function test

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Chang Ho; Park, Kyung Joo; Park, Dong Won; Jung, Kyung Il; Suh, Jung Ho [Ajou Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-11-01

    To compare the CT emphysema score with various factors of pulmonary function test by simple spirometry and to use the result as a predictor of pneumothorax in percutaneous transthoracic fine needle aspiration biopsy. The CT scans of 106 patients who had undergone percutaneous transthoracic fine needle aspiration biopsy of lung lesions within the previous 18 months were retrospectively reviewed. In 75 of these 106 cases, the results of the pulmonary function test were also reviewed. On plain chest radiography, pneumothorax was noted in 20 cases (19%). Emphysema was blindly evaluated. We divided each lung into four segments and determined the severity and involved volume of emphysema, as seen on CT. Severity was classified as one of four grades, as follow : absence of emphysema=0 ; low attenuation area of less than 5mm=1 ; low attenuation area of more than 5mm, and vascular pruning with normal lung intervening=2 ; and diffuse low attenuation without intervening normal lung, and larger confluent low attenuation with vascular pruning and distortion of branching pattern occupying all or almost all the involved parenchyma=3. The involved area was also classified as one of four grades : less than 25%=1 ; 25 - 49%=2 ; 51 - 74%=3 ; and more than 75%=4. The CT emphysema score was defined as the average of the grade of severity multiplied by the grade of involved area. Pulmonary function tests, consisting of simple spirometry and a pulmonologist's interpretation, were evaluated. We also evaluated depth and size of lesion as known predisposing factors in postbioptic pneumothorax. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square test, Wilcoxon ranks sum W test and the student t test. A comparison between the two groups of occurrence(with or without pneumothorax) showed the emphysema scores to be 1.69{+-}2.0 and 1.11{+-}2.9, respectively ; there was thus no significant difference between the two groups (z= - 0.048, p>0.10). Nor were differences revealed by the

  7. Predisposing factors of pneumothorax in percutaneous transthoracic fine needle aspiration biopsy: comparison between CT emphysema score and pulmonary function test

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To compare the CT emphysema score with various factors of pulmonary function test by simple spirometry and to use the result as a predictor of pneumothorax in percutaneous transthoracic fine needle aspiration biopsy. The CT scans of 106 patients who had undergone percutaneous transthoracic fine needle aspiration biopsy of lung lesions within the previous 18 months were retrospectively reviewed. In 75 of these 106 cases, the results of the pulmonary function test were also reviewed. On plain chest radiography, pneumothorax was noted in 20 cases (19%). Emphysema was blindly evaluated. We divided each lung into four segments and determined the severity and involved volume of emphysema, as seen on CT. Severity was classified as one of four grades, as follow : absence of emphysema=0 ; low attenuation area of less than 5mm=1 ; low attenuation area of more than 5mm, and vascular pruning with normal lung intervening=2 ; and diffuse low attenuation without intervening normal lung, and larger confluent low attenuation with vascular pruning and distortion of branching pattern occupying all or almost all the involved parenchyma=3. The involved area was also classified as one of four grades : less than 25%=1 ; 25 - 49%=2 ; 51 - 74%=3 ; and more than 75%=4. The CT emphysema score was defined as the average of the grade of severity multiplied by the grade of involved area. Pulmonary function tests, consisting of simple spirometry and a pulmonologist's interpretation, were evaluated. We also evaluated depth and size of lesion as known predisposing factors in postbioptic pneumothorax. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square test, Wilcoxon ranks sum W test and the student t test. A comparison between the two groups of occurrence(with or without pneumothorax) showed the emphysema scores to be 1.69±2.0 and 1.11±2.9, respectively ; there was thus no significant difference between the two groups (z= - 0.048, p>0.10). Nor were differences revealed by the pulmonary

  8. Usefulness of Ultrasound and Ultrasound-guided Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy for Axillary Staging in Breast Cancer: Analysis of 327 patients at a single institution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jang, Mi Jung; Kim, Sun Mi; Lyou, Chae Yeon; Kang, Eun Young; Kim, Sung Won; Park, So Yeon; Kim, Jee Hyun; Kim, Yu Jung [Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam (Korea, Republic of); Moon, Woo Kyung; Cho, Nariya [Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-12-15

    Aspiration biopsy (FNAB) for the diagnosis of metastasis in the axillary lymph node (LN) of patients with breast cancer. A retrospective review of the data was performed on 327 breast cancer patients that underwent axillary US from Jun 2006 to July 2008. US guided FNAB was performed when a LN indicated suspicious findings. Results of FNAB were compared with those of subsequent surgery. Of the 327 patients, 111 showed suspicious findings on US and underwent FNAB. Among the 111 cases, 73 (66%) were positive for cancer, while 38 (34%) were negative results. A Total of 254 patients who had normal findings on US (n=216) and negative results on FNAB (n=38) underwent SNB, of which 56 (22%) were proven to have metastasis. Sensitivity and specificity of US were 61.9% and 81.8%, respectively, with a positive predictive value (PPV) of 65.8% and negative predictive value (NPV) of 79.2%. Sensitivity and specificity of US-guided FNAB were 86.9% and 100%, respectively, with a PPV of 100% and a NPV of 71.7%. US and US-guided FNAB performed for axillary staging are useful methods with a high specificity and positive predictive value in invasive breast cancer patients

  9. ROLE OF FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION CYTOLOGY IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF INTRA ABDOMINAL LUMPS

    OpenAIRE

    Sanjay Kumar; Umesh; Nitu

    2014-01-01

    Fine needle aspiration cytology has gained recognition in the last decade as valuable diagnostic technique. Its benefits have been demonstrated in large series of patients and in almost all tumor types. Aim of this study was to establish role of fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of intra-abdominal lumps. Most commonly involved organ in our study was liver (30.4%) followed by G.I.T (21.7%) and Gall Bladder (17.4%). Maximum numbers of cases were in sixth decade followed by fifth ...

  10. Fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of cysticer-cosis cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Anshu Agarwal; OPMurty; Meenakshi Jain

    2009-01-01

    Objective:To document the value of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC)in the diagnosis of cysticerco-sis.Methods:Aspirates smears of 102 cases of cysticercosis from different sites like extremities,head,neck, forearm,arm,chest wall and abdominal wall were studied in the Department of Pathology,BPKIHS,Dharan, Nepal.Results:In 7 cases (9.73%)lingual cysticercosis was diagnosed.Involvement of breast was seen in 4 cases (5.56%)which is a rare presentation.On cytomorphological examination,parts of cysticercus cellu-lose were seen in (97.22%)cases.Conclusion:The characteristic cytomorphological features of parasitic tegument,parenchymatous portion,presence of giant cells and inflammatory cells in cytological smears help di-agnose the cases of cysticercosis.FNAC provides safe and rapid tool for diagnosis of cysticercosis.In endemic areas,cysticercosis should be considered one of the differential diagnosis of the swellings.

  11. Guide for the realization of core needle biopsy through stereotaxy in the diagnosis of suspicious breast lesions of malignity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    demonstrated to be more precise and to make more accurate the diagnostic evaluation. While, the systems of vacuum-assisted biopsy have allowed the obtention of higher quality cylinders, clearly improving results, especially in cases of microcalcifications. The main indications for the use of stereotaxy in the intervention of the breast are analyzed, among which can be mentioned: fine-needle aspiration biopsy, core needle biopsy and preoperative localization. The technique of fine-needle aspiration biopsy has gained acceptation in the diagnosis of palpable lesions of the breast, the function of this technique in the management of nonpalpable lesions not is completely defined, due to the high percentage of insufficient samples. The systems of core needle biopsy have allowed the obtention of multiple cylinders with great diagnostic reliability, especially in the case of breast nodules. However, its use in microcalcifications has showed false negative results. The preoperative localization through needle in the nonpalpable lesions of the breast, has allowed to the radiologist to provide a guide to the surgeon that has realized the open biopsy, ensuring thus, that surgical procedure can be carried out quickly and with the best possible cosmetic result. The radiological assessment of the breast lesions in mammography are defined, in order to standardize the terminology applied at the time to report studies of the breast, to categorize the lesions according to the level of suspicion and to assign a recommendation to follow in injury determined. Before all nonpalpable breast lesion that has required a biopsy, should be considered first which will be the guidance system most adequate, and second, which is the technique with best diagnostic performing and better relationship cost/effectiveness. The core needle biopsy (CNB) has been a little aggressive technique and highly reliable in the diagnosis of the palpable and nonpalpable lesions. The sensitivity of the CNB has been different

  12. Computed tomography-guided needle aspiration and biopsy of pulmonary lesions - A single-center experience in 1000 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poulou, Loukia S.; Tsagouli, Paraskevi; Thanos, Loukas [Dept. of Medical Imaging and Interventional Radiology, General Hospital of Chest Diseases ' Sotiria' , Athens (Greece)], e-mail: ploukia@hotmail.com; Ziakas, Panayiotis D. [Program of Outcomes Research, Div. of Infectious Diseases, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown Univ., RI, and Div. of Infectious Diseases, Rhode Island Hospital, Rhode Island (United States); Politi, Dimitra [Dept. of Cythopathology, General Hospital of Chest Diseases ' Sotiria' Athens (Greece); Trigidou, Rodoula [Dept. of Pathology, General Hospital of Chest Diseases ' Sotiria' Athens (Greece)

    2013-07-15

    Background: Computed tomography (CT)-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) and biopsies are well-established, minimally invasive diagnostic tools for pulmonary lesions. Purpose: To analyze retrospectively the results of 1000 consecutive lung CT-guided FNA and/or core needle biopsies (CNB), the main outcome measures being diagnostic yield, and complication rates. Material and Methods: Patients considered eligible were those referred to our department for lung lesions. The choice of FNA, CNB, or both was based upon the radiologist's judgment. Diagnostic yield was defined as the probability of having a definite result by cytology/histology. Results: The study included 733 male patients and 267 female patients, with a mean (SD) age of 66.4 (11.4) years. The mean (SD) lesion size was 3.7 (2.4) cm in maximal diameter. Six hundred and forty-one (64%) patients underwent an FNA procedure, 245 (25%) a CNB, and 114 (11%) had been subjected to both. The diagnostic yield was 960/994 (96.6%); this decreased significantly with the use of CNB only (odds ratio [OR] 0.32; 95% CI 0.12 - 0.88; P = 0.03), while it increased with lesion size (OR 1.35; 95% CI 1.03 - 1.79; P = 0.03 per cm increase). In 506 patients (52.7%), a malignant process was diagnosed by cytopathology/histology. The complication rate reached 97/1000 (9.7%); complications included: hemorrhage, 62 (6.2%); pneumothorax, 28 (2.8%); hemorrhage and pneumothorax, 5 (0.5%); and hemoptysis, 2 (0.2%). It was not significantly affected by the type of procedure or localization of the lesion. The overall risk for complications was three times higher for lesions <4 cm (OR 3.26; 95% CI 1.96 - 5.42; P < 0.001). Conclusion: CT-guided lung biopsy has a high diagnostic yield using FNA, CNB, or both. The CNB procedure alone will not suffice. Complication rates were acceptable and correlated inversely with lesion size, not localization or type of procedure.

  13. Mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma of the kidney: Diagnosis by fine needle aspiration and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiang Huimiao

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Renal mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma (MTSCC was recently described as a distinct subtype of renal cell carcinoma (RCC in the 2004 World Health Organization classification of kidney tumors. MTSCC is a rare low grade malignancy with < 100 cases reported in the literature. To the best of our knowledge, there are 5 case reports with a total of 6 patients describing its diagnosis by fine needle aspiration (FNA. All of these cases were diagnosed as conventional RCC on FNA. Subsequent excisions proved them to be MTSCC. We herein report a case in a 67-year-old male. He presented with abdominal pain and was found to have a new colon adenocarcinoma with metastasis to the liver and lungs. The extent of disease made the patient ineligible for surgical excision, and he received chemotherapy. Work-up also revealed a kidney mass which was later biopsied by FNA and core biopsy. The tumor was composed of epithelial and spindled cell components embedded in a myxoid background. It was positive for CK7, AMCAR, vimentin, and epithelial membrane antigen. The tumor was diagnosed as MTSCC. One year later the kidney mass remained stable. However, the patient developed new metastasis to the liver from colonic primary. The kidney mass was not resected. Although rarely encountered in FNA cytology of the kidney, we believe the cytologic features of this tumor are distinctive and are different from conventional and other subtypes of RCC. Therefore, its accurate diagnosis on FNA is possible once pathologists are aware that MTSCC should be considered in the differential diagnosis of kidney tumors.

  14. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis in Welsh pony embryos after biopsy and cryopreservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guignot, F; Reigner, F; Perreau, C; Tartarin, P; Babilliot, J M; Bed'hom, B; Vidament, M; Mermillod, P; Duchamp, G

    2015-11-01

    Preimplantation genetic diagnosis and embryo cryopreservation are important tools to improve genetic management in equine species with marked consequences on the economic value, health, biodiversity, and preservation of the animals. This study aimed to develop a biopsy method at the blastocyst stage that provides viable genotyped cryopreserved Welsh pony embryos. Embryos were collected at d 6.75 to 7 after ovulation. Biopsies were performed with either a microblade or a micropipette. After biopsy, embryos were cryopreserved. The survival rate of biopsied embryos was evaluated on fresh and cryopreserved embryos either 24 h after in vitro culture or after transfer to recipients. Fresh and nonbiopsied embryos were used as controls. Sex, coat color genes, myotony (neuromuscular disorder) diagnosis, and markers of parentage were investigated using PCR on biopsied cells after whole-genome amplification and on remaining embryos. The embryo survival rate after transfer was not affected by the micropipette biopsy (50%, = 8; 43%, = 7; and 50%, = 12, at d 30 for fresh biopsied embryos, vitrified biopsied embryos, and control embryos, respectively) but was significantly reduced by the use of microblade biopsy: 9 ( = 11) vs. 67% ( = 12) for control embryos. Successful sex determination was achieved for 82% ( = 28) of the micropipette biopsies and 100% ( = 50) of the microblade biopsies. Sex determined on biopsied cells was found to correspond completely (100%) with that determined on the remaining embryo ( = 37). More than 90% of the parentage checking markers, coat color, and myotony diagnosis were successfully determined on biopsies obtained with either a micropipette or a microblade. Mendelian incompatibility (7.5 and 5.5%) and embryo genotyping errors (6.6 and 8.6%) were low and not significantly different between the 2 methods. In conclusion, for the first time, pregnancy at Day 30 was obtained after transfer of Welsh pony biopsied and vitrified embryos >300 μm in

  15. Abdominal masses in the pediatric age. Characterization by CT guided fine needle aspiration biopsy; Masse addominali nell'eta' pediatrica. Caratterizzazione mediante biopsia computerizzata con ago sottile guidata con Tomografia Computerizzata

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marano, I.; Soscia, E.; Salvatore, M. [Naples Univ. Federico 2. (Italy). Dipt. di Scienze Biomorfologiche e Fuzionali, Cattedra di Radiologia

    1999-04-01

    CT-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is known to improve diagnosis of expansive abdominal lesions, especially relative to more invasive procedure like explorative laparotomy. FNAB in not commonly use in pediatric patients because of their poor collaboration and of associated risks. The authors investigated the feasibility of FNAB in the pediatric age. [Italian] Sono noti i vantaggi che la biopsia percutanea con ago sottile guidato con TC puo' apportare per la diagnosi delle lesioni espansive addominali, soprattutto se confrontata con procedure piu' invasive come la laparatomia esplorativa. Questo tipo di metodica e' attalmente poco utilizzato nel caso di pazienti pediatrici a causa della scarsa collaborazione e dei rischi associati. Gli autori valutano l'applicabilita' di tale procedura nell'eta' pediatrica alla luce delle propria esperienza.

  16. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration for the diagnosis of kidney lesions: A review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Roberto Iglesias; Moura, Renata Nobre; Artifon, Everson

    2015-03-16

    Traditionally, treatment of renal lesions is indicated based only on imaging features. Although controversy exists about tissue sampling from small renal masses, renal biopsy is indicated in some cases. In this review, we discuss the rationale for endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) and summarize the recent advances in this field, providing recommendations for the practicing clinician. The use of EUS-FNA appears to be a safe and feasible means of confirming or excluding malignancy. EUS allows assessment and biopsy of masses or lesions within both kidneys and related complications are rare. The main advantages of EUS-FNA are that it can be done as an outpatient procedure, with good results, minimal morbidity and a short hospital stay. Nevertheless, EUS-FNA of renal masses should be indicated only in selected cases, in which there is potential to decrease unnecessary treatment of small renal masses and to best select tumors for active surveillance and minimally invasive ablative therapies. Additionally, some renal lesions may be ineligible for EUS-guided biopsy because of anatomical limitations. EUS-FNA renal biopsy will probably be best applied to central anterior renal masses, while tumors on the posterior aspect of the kidney, percutaneous access will probably be superior. PMID:25789096

  17. Significance of fine-needle aspiration biopsy of peripheral lymph nodes upon the initial presentation of patients with lymphadenopathy of unknown etiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaljević Biljana

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Fine-needle aspiration biopsy is safe, simple, cost-effective and efficient technique providing rapid information and, therefore, directing further approach to a patient. Its findings are especially beneficial for verification of lymphoid origin of the enlarged growth, diagnostics and differentiation of metastatic, infectious, reactive and lymphomatous conditions; determination of the extent of tumor; detection of recurrence; monitoring of the course of disease; obtaining of material for special studies such as microbiological cultures, immunological or genetic studies as well as electron microscopy; in addition, for encouragement of patient in case of benign nature of the disease. At the Institute of Hematology, in three-year period, a total of 193 fine-needle aspiration biopsies were performed in 172 patients with the enlarged peripheral lymph nodes. Technically, aspiration biopsy was successful in 175/193 attempted interventions (91%. Punctates were analyzed by cytomorphology and subsequently compared with histopathological findings. In indistinguishable cases, additional immunocytochemical streptavidin-biotin peroxidase staining was carried out. In our studies, immunocytochemical analysis was performed in 63 out of 81 patients (78%, and diagnostic accuracy was 93.6% what was compatible with the results of other authors. It significantly corrected the earlier cytomorphological-histological congruence that used to be 83%. Immunocytochemistry has contributed to diagnostic value of cytological analysis of punctate, before all, in view of its higher diagnostic accuracy, which, according to majority of authors, is about 90%.

  18. [Color Doppler controlled needle biopsy in diagnosis of soft tissue and bone tumors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulte, M; Heymer, B; Sarkar, M R; Negri, G; von Baer, A; Hartwig, E

    1998-10-01

    In a prospective study we investigated 168 patients with musculoskeletal tumors, including 71 sarcomas, by core needle biopsy using the high-speed device Autovac. Monitoring with colour-coded duplex sonography allowed a well-aimed puncture of smaller or deeply localized lesions and also permitted the discrimination of necrotic and viable parts of the tumor. Adequate material for histologic diagnosis including grading and determination of tumor subtype was obtained from soft tissue sarcomas, soft tissue metastases, malignant lymphomas, plasmacytomas, and osteolytic skeletal secondaries. In contrast, in benign soft tissue and bone tumors the diagnosis could be established in only 66% of cases. Although skeletal sarcomas were identified as malignant mesenchymal lesions, a complete histologic classification of tumor subtype frequently was not possible due to an insufficient tissue specimen. With an accuracy of 97% for the diagnosis of malignancy and of 94% for the diagnosis of soft tissue sarcoma the results of core needle biopsies were comparable to those of incisional biopsies, the reference standard in the diagnosis of musculoskeletal tumors. Regarding the known disadvantages and the oncological risks of incisional biopsies, needle biopsy should replace the open procedure as the primary means of diagnosis in soft tissue and osteolytic bone tumors. PMID:9833186

  19. Histological Diagnosis of Oral Lesions with Cutting Needle Biopsy: a Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Rossi dos Santos

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of cutting needle biopsy in the diagnosis of solid oral lesions.Material and Methods: The biopsies were carried out on seven patients who presented with solid oral lesions with sizes ranging from 2 to 6 cm. Specimens were obtained from each lesion before conventional biopsies using a cutting needle with 18-gauge x 9 cm (MD TECH, Gainesville, FL, USA. A total of 64 specimens processed by hematoxylin-eosin staining method, were obtained. Afterwards, the analysis was performed by an oral pathologist, in two different stages, with and without the clinical history of each lesion. Then, these answers were compared with the final histological diagnosis.Results: Results presented by the descriptive analysis showed that the correct diagnosis using cutting needle biopsy without the clinical history of lesions was registered in 37.5% of cases, while with the clinical history in 76.6%.Conclusions: Despite the promising results as a potential technique for biopsies and histological diagnosis of oral lesions, the cutting needle biopsy should be analyzed carefully in those cases.

  20. Institutional experience of PTH evaluation on fine-needle washing after aspiration biopsy to locate hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Massimo GIUSTI; Mara DOLCINO; Lara VERA; Carla GHIARA; Francesca MASSARO; Laura FAZZUOLI; Diego FERONE; Michele MUSSAP; Francesco MINUTO

    2009-01-01

    Assaying parathyroid hormone (PTH) in the washing liquid after fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) seems to be a valid approach to locate parathyroid tissue. PTH-FNAB was evaluated in 47 patients with a clinical picture of primary hyper-parathyroidism (PHP) and ultrasonography (US) suggestive of parathyroid lesion. The patients were subdivided into two groups on the basis of the absence or presence of US thyroid alterations. The result of PTH-FNAB was compared with those of cytology, scintigraphy and, in 24 patients, surgical outcome. PTH-FNAB samples with a value higher than that recorded in the serum and higher than our institutional cut-off were deemed to be probable samples of parathyroid tissue. Cytology proved diagnostic for benign thyroid lesions, non-diagnostic for thyroid lesions, hyperplastic parathyroid tissue, undetermined or malignant thyroid lesions and other lesions in 45%, 30%, 17%, 4%, and 4% of cases, respectively. In 47% of cases, PTH-FNAB indicated that the sample had been taken in parathyroid tissue. In patients without US alterations, the diagnostic accuracy of PTH-FNAB was greater than that of scintigraphy. After surgery, comparison between the results of PTH-FNAB and scintigraphy, in terms of positive predictive value (PPV), revealed the superiority of PTH-FNAB; PPV was 94% for FNAB and 71% for scintigraphy, while sen-sitivity was 83% and 69%, respectively. PTH-FNAB evaluation after FNAB appears to be more diagnostic than cytology and scintigraphy. Of all the procedures used, PTH-FNAB appears to be the method of choice when the target is US suggestive and reachable. PTH-FNAB appears to be a useful method of guiding surgical intervention.

  1. Primary lymphoma of the liver. Report of a case with diagnosis by fine needle aspiration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Netto, D; Spielberger, R; Awasthi, S; Balaban, E P; Nowak, J A; Demian, S D

    1993-01-01

    In a 69-year-old man with hepatomegaly, a diagnosis of primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) of the liver was made by fine needle aspiration (FNA). At the time of presentation there was no evidence of involvement of the lymph nodes, bone marrow or any other organ. Although hepatic involvement is common in advanced stages of Hodgkin's disease and NHL, primary lymphoma of the liver is rare. The purpose of this paper is to report a rare occurrence of primary lymphoma of the liver and to demonstrate the possibility of making this diagnosis by FNA.

  2. Transthoracic lung aspiration for the aetiological diagnosis of pneumonia: 25 years of experience from The Gambia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ideh, R C; Howie, S R C; Ebruke, B; Secka, O; Greenwood, B M; Adegbola, R A; Corrah, T

    2011-06-01

    Pneumonia remains the leading cause of death in young children worldwide. Global pneumonia control depends on a good understanding of the aetiology of pneumonia. Percutaneous transthoracic aspiration culture is much more sensitive than blood culture in identifying the aetiological agents of pneumonia. However, the procedure is not widely practised because of lack of familiarity with it and concerns about potential adverse events. We review the diagnostic usefulness and safety of this procedure over 25 years of its use in research and routine practice at the UK Medical Research Council (MRC), The Gambia, and give a detailed description of the procedure itself. Published materials were identified from the MRC's publication database and systematic searches using the PubMed/Medline and Google search engines. Data from a current pneumonia aetiology study in the unit are included together with clinical experience of staff practising at the unit over the period covered in this review. A minimum of 500 lung aspirates were performed over the period of review. Lung aspiration produces a greater yield of diagnostic bacterial isolates than blood culture. It is especially valuable clinically when pathogens not covered by standard empirical antibiotic treatment, such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Staphylococcus aureus, are identified. There have been no deaths following the procedure in our setting and a low rate of other complications, all transient. Lung aspiration is currently the most sensitive method for diagnosing pneumonia in children. With appropriate training and precautions it can be safely used for routine diagnosis in suitable referral hospitals. PMID:21477423

  3. Fine-needle aspirate CYFRA 21-1, an innovative new marker for diagnosis of axillary lymph node metastasis in breast cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Ji Soo; Han, Kyung Hwa; Kim, Eun-Kyung; Moon, Hee Jung; Yoon, Jung Hyun; Kim, Min Jung

    2015-05-01

    To compare the value of cytokeratin fragment 21-1 (CYFRA 21-1) concentration in the fine-needle biopsy aspirates (fine needle aspirate [FNA] CYFRA 21-1) with cytopathology of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNA cytology) and to assess whether CYFRA 21-1 concentrations from ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB) specimens (FNA CYFRA 21-1) is not inferior to FNA cytology in the diagnosis of axillary lymph node (ALN) metastasis of breast cancer patients.This study received institutional review board approval, and written informed consent was obtained from all patients. US-FNAB was performed in 373 ALNs from 358 patients with invasive breast cancer. Concentrations of CYFRA 21-1 were measured from washouts of the syringe used during US-FNAB (FNA CYFRA 21-1), and ALN metastasis was determined using a cutoff value of 1.93 ng/mL. FNA cytology, intraoperative sentinel lymph node biopsy, and surgical pathology results were reviewed and analyzed. The noninferiority margin for the difference in accuracies between FNA cytology and FNA CYFRA 21-1 was set as 5%.Among 373 ALNs, 136 (36.5%) were benign, and 237 (63.5%) were metastatic. The mean FNA CYFRA 21-1 was significantly higher in metastatic ALNs compared to that in benign ALNs (P = 0.001). For the diagnosis of ALN metastasis, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of FNA CYFRA 21-1 (cutoff value 1.93 ng/mL) were not significantly different from those of FNA cytology (P > 0.05). FNA CYFRA 21-1 reached statistical noninferiority to FNA cytology in terms of diagnostic accuracy for ALN metastasis. Of the 20 ALNs (8 metastasis, 12 benign) that showed insufficient results on FNA cytology, FNA CYFRA 21-1 accurately diagnosed 15 ALNs (4 metastasis, 11 benign).The diagnostic performance of FNA CYFRA 21-1 is comparable with that of FNA cytology for breast cancer ALN metastasis. Our results indicate that FNA CYFRA 21-1, using an US-FNAB specimen

  4. Non-Biopsy Diagnosis of Cardiac Transthyretin Amyloidosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gillmore, Julian D; Maurer, Mathew S; Falk, Rodney H; Merlini, Giampaolo; Damy, Thibaud; Dispenzieri, Angela; Wechalekar, Ashutosh D; Berk, John L; Quarta, Candida C; Grogan, Martha; Lachmann, Helen J; Bokhari, Sabahat; Castano, Adam; Dorbala, Sharmila; Johnson, Geoff B; Glaudemans, Andor W J M; Rezk, Tamer; Fontana, Marianna; Palladini, Giovanni; Milani, Paolo; Guidalotti, Pierluigi L; Flatman, Katarina; Lane, Thirusha; Vonberg, Frederick W; Whelan, Carol J; Moon, James C; Ruberg, Frederick L; Miller, Edward J; Hutt, David F; Hazenberg, Bouke P; Rapezzi, Claudio; Hawkins, Philip N

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: -Cardiac transthyretin (ATTR) amyloidosis is a progressive and fatal cardiomyopathy for which several promising therapies are in development. The diagnosis is frequently delayed or missed due to limited specificity of echocardiography and the traditional requirement for histologic confir

  5. Tissue Harvester with Functional Valve (THFV: Shidham's device for reproducibly higher specimen yield by fine needle aspiration biopsy with easy to perform steps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basir Zainab

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB cytology has been a highly effective methodology for tissue diagnosis and for various ancillary studies including molecular tests. In addition to other benefits, FNAB predominantly retrieves the diagnostic loosely cohesive cells in the lesion as compared to the adjacent supporting stroma with relatively higher cohesiveness. However, FNAB procedure performed with currently available resources is highly skill dependent with inter-performer variability, which compromises its full potential as a diagnostic tool. In this study we report a device overcoming these limitations. Methods 'Tissue Harvester with Functional Valve' (THFV was evaluated as part of a phase 1 National Institute of Health (NIH research grant under Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR Program. Working prototypes of the device were prepared. Each of the four cytopathologists with previous cytopathology fellowship training and experience in performing FNAB evaluated 5 THFV and 5 hypodermic needles resulting in 40 specimens (20 with THFV, 20 with hypodermic needles. A piece of fresh cattle liver stuffed in latex glove was used as the specimen. Based on these results a finished design was finalized. Results The smears and cell blocks prepared from the specimens obtained by THFV were superior in terms of cellularity to specimens obtained with hypodermic needles. The tissuecrit of specimens obtained with THFV ranged from 70 to 100 μl (mean 87, SD 10, compared to 17 to 30 μl (mean 24, SD 4 with conventional hypodermic needles (p Conclusion The specimen yield with the new THFV was significantly higher when compared to hypodermic needles. Also, the FNAB procedure with THFV was relatively easier in comparison with hypodermic needles. The final version of Shidham's THFV device would improve the FNAB specimen yield by eliminating the skill factor. The increased specimen yield by this device would also facilitate wider application of

  6. K-ras gene mutation in the diagnosis of ultrasound guided fine-needle biopsy of pancreatic masses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Min Zheng; Lian-Xin Liu; An-Long Zhu; Shu-Yi Qi; Hong-Chi Jiang; Zhu-Ying Xiao

    2003-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the utility of K-ras mutation analysis ofultrasound guided fine-needle aspirate biopsy of pancreaticmasses.METHODS: Sixty-six ultrasound guided fine-needle biopsieswere evaluated by cytology, histology and k-ras mutation.The mutation at codon 12 of the k-ras oncogene wasdetected by artificial restriction fragment lengthpolymorphisms using Bst NI approach.RESULTS: The presence of malignant cells was reported in40 of 54 pancreatic carcinomas and K-ras mutations weredetected in 45 of the 54 FNABs of pancreatic carcinomas. Thesensitivity of cytology and k-ras mutation were 74 % and 83%, respectively. The speciality of cytology and k-ras mutationwere both 100 %. The sensitivity and speciality of k-ras mutationcombined with cytology were 83 % and 100 %, respectively.CONCLUSION: High diagnostic accuracy with acceptablediscomfort of FNAB make it useful in diagnosis of pancreaticcarcinoma. Ultrasound guided fine-needle biopsy is a safeand feasible method for diagnosing pancreatic cancer.Pancreatic carcinoma has the highest K-ras mutation rateamong all solid tumors. The mutation rate of k-ras is about80-100 %. The usage of mutation of codon 12 of k-rasoncogene combined with cytology is a good alternative forevaluation of pancreatic masses.

  7. Needle biopsy of the breast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millis, R R

    1984-01-01

    Recently, there has been a considerable increase in the use of both fine-needle aspiration biopsy (aspiration cytology) and tissue-core needle biopsy of the breast. In patients with suspected breast cancer, needle biopsy is frequently used to confirm the diagnosis before treatment is planned. This allows a more thoughtful approach to the patient and full screening for possible metastatic disease prior to definitive surgery. Needle biopsy techniques are simple, rapid, can be performed in the doctor's office, and save time, equipment, and hospital beds. Complications are few. Aspiration cytology has the advantage that it is quick to perform, the preparation can be examined almost immediately and, in the event of an unsatisfactory smear, the procedure can be repeated. However, the diagnosis is based on purely cytological evaluation, and the information obtained is somewhat limited. Reported accuracy rates range from 42 to 96%. False positive reports are rare but have occurred in most centers, and a high degree of accuracy will only be obtained by experienced practitioners. Tissue-core needle biopsy has the advantage that the diagnosis is based on histopathological assessment, but the procedure is slightly more time consuming, is more traumatic for the patient, and the equipment is more expensive. Accuracy rates range from 67 to 98.5%. During the past 4 years, 329 tissue-core (Tru-Cut) biopsies have been performed in the Guy's Hospital Breast Unit, with an accuracy rate of 83% in the diagnosis of carcinoma. The procedure has been acceptable to most patients, and complications have been minimal. Studies comparing the use of aspiration cytology and tissue-core needle biopsy in the diagnosis of mammary carcinoma have produced variable results. Both methods have advantages and disadvantages, and the choice of technique must depend on the clinical situation and the preferences and skills of the practitioners involved in the management of the patient. PMID:6377049

  8. Histological Diagnosis of Oral Lesions with Cutting Needle Biopsy: a Pilot Study

    OpenAIRE

    José Antonio Rossi dos Santos; Diogo Lenzi Capella; Rafaela Elvira Rozza; Stefânia Jeronimo Ferreira; Soraya de Azambuja Berti-Couto; Manoel Sant’Ana-Filho; Antonio Adilson Soares de Lima; Fernando Henrique Westphalen; Paulo Henrique Couto-Souza

    2011-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objectives The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of cutting needle biopsy in the diagnosis of solid oral lesions. Material and Methods The biopsies were carried out on seven patients who presented with solid oral lesions with sizes ranging from 2 to 6 cm. Specimens were obtained from each lesion before conventional biopsies using a cutting needle with 18-gauge x 9 cm (MD TECH, Gainesville, FL, USA). A total of 64 specimens processed by hematoxylin-eosin staini...

  9. Laparoscopic liver biopsy in the diagnosis of hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Yilei; Zhou, Yong; Cheng, Nansheng

    2014-09-01

    Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEH) is a rare vascular tumor of the liver, and its definitive diagnosis is completely dependent on histopathological verification. In the present study, we report the case of a patient whose percutaneous liver biopsy failed to reveal a diagnosis of HEH, twice, and who was ultimately diagnosed by laparoscopic liver biopsy. The patient was a 42-year-old female with mild right upper quadrant discomfort. Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple mass lesions scattered throughout the liver, but no evidence of extrahepatic diseases. The initial laboratory tests included liver function tests and tumor markers were within normal limits. Subsequently, two, ultrasound (US)-guided liver biopsies from the liver lesion were performed using an 18-gauge needle, and both of these showed massive hepatocellular necrosis. To obtain adequate tissue samples for histological examination, the patient underwent laparoscopic liver biopsy. The overall immunohistochemical findings supported the diagnosis of HEH. In the present case, two, US-guided percutaneous liver biopsies failed to diagnose HEH, and laparoscopic liver biopsy was safely performed to obtained adequate specimens for analysis. Although this method is not the preferred technique and has certain disadvantages, it is considered to be a useful and minimally invasive approach for liver lesions when other less-invasive diagnostic modalities fail or are difficult to be performed. PMID:25120715

  10. Skin Biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... skin condition cannot be diagnosed by the patient's history and what the physician finds on examination alone. Confirming a clinical diagnosis may also be necessary prior to starting therapy. Skin biopsy types are as follows: Shave biopsies Punch biopsies ...

  11. Sentinel lymph node biopsy in patients with a needle core biopsy diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ: is it justified?

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Doyle, B

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: The incidence of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) has increased markedly with the introduction of population-based mammographic screening. DCIS is usually diagnosed non-operatively. Although sentinel lymph node biopsy (SNB) has become the standard of care for patients with invasive breast carcinoma, its use in patients with DCIS is controversial. AIM: To examine the justification for offering SNB at the time of primary surgery to patients with a needle core biopsy (NCB) diagnosis of DCIS. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of 145 patients with an NCB diagnosis of DCIS who had SNB performed at the time of primary surgery. The study focused on rates of SNB positivity and underestimation of invasive carcinoma by NCB, and sought to identify factors that might predict the presence of invasive carcinoma in the excision specimen. RESULTS: 7\\/145 patients (4.8%) had a positive sentinel lymph node, four macrometastases and three micrometastases. 6\\/7 patients had invasive carcinoma in the final excision specimen. 55\\/145 patients (37.9%) with an NCB diagnosis of DCIS had invasive carcinoma in the excision specimen. The median invasive tumour size was 6 mm. A radiological mass and areas of invasion <1 mm, amounting to "at least microinvasion" on NCB were predictive of invasive carcinoma in the excision specimen. CONCLUSIONS: SNB positivity in pure DCIS is rare. In view of the high rate of underestimation of invasive carcinoma in patients with an NCB diagnosis of DCIS in this study, SNB appears justified in this group of patients.

  12. The Impact of Biopsy on Human Embryo Developmental Potential during Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danilo Cimadomo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis and Screening (PGD/PGS for monogenic diseases and/or numerical/structural chromosomal abnormalities is a tool for embryo testing aimed at identifying nonaffected and/or euploid embryos in a cohort produced during an IVF cycle. A critical aspect of this technology is the potential detrimental effect that the biopsy itself can have upon the embryo. Different embryo biopsy strategies have been proposed. Cleavage stage blastomere biopsy still represents the most commonly used method in Europe nowadays, although this approach has been shown to have a negative impact on embryo viability and implantation potential. Polar body biopsy has been proposed as an alternative to embryo biopsy especially for aneuploidy testing. However, to date no sufficiently powered study has clarified the impact of this procedure on embryo reproductive competence. Blastocyst stage biopsy represents nowadays the safest approach not to impact embryo implantation potential. For this reason, as well as for the evidences of a higher consistency of the molecular analysis when performed on trophectoderm cells, blastocyst biopsy implementation is gradually increasing worldwide. The aim of this review is to present the evidences published to date on the impact of the biopsy at different stages of preimplantation development upon human embryos reproductive potential.

  13. The Impact of Biopsy on Human Embryo Developmental Potential during Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cimadomo, Danilo; Capalbo, Antonio; Ubaldi, Filippo Maria; Scarica, Catello; Palagiano, Antonio; Canipari, Rita; Rienzi, Laura

    2016-01-01

    Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis and Screening (PGD/PGS) for monogenic diseases and/or numerical/structural chromosomal abnormalities is a tool for embryo testing aimed at identifying nonaffected and/or euploid embryos in a cohort produced during an IVF cycle. A critical aspect of this technology is the potential detrimental effect that the biopsy itself can have upon the embryo. Different embryo biopsy strategies have been proposed. Cleavage stage blastomere biopsy still represents the most commonly used method in Europe nowadays, although this approach has been shown to have a negative impact on embryo viability and implantation potential. Polar body biopsy has been proposed as an alternative to embryo biopsy especially for aneuploidy testing. However, to date no sufficiently powered study has clarified the impact of this procedure on embryo reproductive competence. Blastocyst stage biopsy represents nowadays the safest approach not to impact embryo implantation potential. For this reason, as well as for the evidences of a higher consistency of the molecular analysis when performed on trophectoderm cells, blastocyst biopsy implementation is gradually increasing worldwide. The aim of this review is to present the evidences published to date on the impact of the biopsy at different stages of preimplantation development upon human embryos reproductive potential. PMID:26942198

  14. CT-guided fine needle aspiration cytology diagnosis of extra-adrenal pheochromocytoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rangaswamy M

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Pheochromocytoma is a rare tumor, accounting for <0.1% of the hypertensive population. Extra-adrenal pheochromocytomas (EAPs are rarer still, accounting for 10% of all pheochromocytomas. Pheochromocytomas are functional catecholamine-secreting tumors of the paraganglionic chromaffin cells found in the adrenal medulla and the extra-adrenal paraganglia cells. EAPs are readily detected by computed tomography (CT as soft tissue masses closely associated with the entire length of the abdominal aorta. Here, we present a rare case of EAP in a 45-year-old male hypertensive patient diagnosed by CT-guided fine needle aspiration cytology. The smears showed loosely cohesive tumor cells with prominent anisokaryosis and abundant eosinophilic, granular cytoplasm. The diagnosis was later confirmed by histopathology. The present case also highlights the fact that fine needle aspiration of pheochromocytoma is not necessarily contraindicated.

  15. Bronchoscopic needle aspiration in the diagnosis of mediastinal lymphadenopathy and staging of lung cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Punamiya Vikas

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA has the potential to allow adequate mediastinal staging of non-small cell lung cancer with enlarged lymph nodes in most patients without the need for mediastinoscopy. Metastasis to the mediastinal lymph nodes is one of the most important factors in determining resectability and prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer. The importance of TBNA as a tool for diagnosing intrathoracic lymphadenopathy as well as in the staging of lung cancer has been reported in various studies. We performed a literature search in PubMed and Journal of Bronchology using the keyword transbronchial needle aspiration. TBNA is a safe and effective procedure to diagnose mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Real-time bronchoscopic ultrasound-guided TBNA is the new kid on the block, which can further enhance the sensitivity of bronchoscopy in the diagnosis of mediastinal lesions.

  16. [The use of ultrasonically-guided needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of hepatic lesions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geroni, P L; Caffi Avogadri, G M; Costardi, F

    1990-10-31

    The paper reports the results of 68 ultrasonically-guided fine needle aspirations of the liver. Histological confirmation was carried out in 24 cases and in 2 of these there was discrepancy with regard to the type of malignant neoplasia (hepatocarcinoma versus metastasis following adenocarcinoma). Following a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of ultrasonically-guided fine needle aspiration of hepatic lesions in comparison to other techniques, including CT, RNM, angiography, laparoscopy and scintigraphy, the specificity, sensitivity and diagnostic accuracy of the method are determined. Particular emphasis is placed on the ease of performance, the possibility of reaching concealed targets, the limited nature of complications and the reduced cost. The Authors conclude that this technique should be preferentially used in the diagnosis of nodular hepatic lesions. PMID:2082208

  17. A study on image diagnosis of lung impairment caused by aspiration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    remarkably in severe patients, however, the amplitude of attenuation showed no significant change. The results reflect change in compliance of the severely impaired lung. The ventilation imbalance caused by aspiration was visualized by SGCT. Analysis of Dynamic CT images make possible evaluation of the lung function and it may contribute diagnosis of the lung impairment caused by aspiration. (author)

  18. Implementation of double-C-arm synchronous real-time X-ray positioning system computer aided for aspiration biopsy of small lung lesion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of a new type of real-time three-dimensional X-ray positioning system for aspiration biopsy of small lung lesions. Methods: Using X-ray imaging technology and X-ray collimator technology and combining with double-C-arm X-ray machine, two different synchronous real-time images were obtained from the vertical to the horizontal plane. Then, with the computer image processing and computer vision processing technologies, dynamic tracking for 3D information of a pulmonary lesion and the needle in aspiration, and the relative position of the two, were established. Results: There was no interference while the two imaging perpendicularly X-ray beam met, two synchronous real-time image acquisition and tracking of a lung lesion and a needle could be completed in free respiration. The average positioning system error was about 0.5 mm, the largest positioning error was about 1.0 mm, real-time display rate was 5 screen/sec. Conclusions: the establishment of a new type of double-C-arm synchronous real-time X-ray positioning system is feasible. It is available for the fast and accurate aspiration biopsy of small lung lesions. (authors)

  19. Biopsy pathology in uveitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jyotirmay Biswas

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Uveitis is fraught with speculations and suppositions with regard to its etiology, progress and prognosis. In several clinical scenarios what may be perceived as due to a systemic infection may actually not be so and the underlying etiology may be an autoimmune process. Investigations in uveitis are sometimes the key in identification and management. Invasive techniques could be of immense value in narrowing down the etiology and help in identifying the cause. This article updates one on the invasive techniques used in biopsy such as anterior chamber paracentesis, vitreous tap and diagnostic vitrectomy, iris and ciliary body biopsy, choroidal and retinochoroidal biopsy and fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB. In populations where certain infections are endemic, the clinical scenario does not always respect a known presentation and the use of biopsy is resorted to as a sure way of confirming the etiology. Biopsies have a role in diagnosis of several inflammatory and infectious conditions in the eye and are pivotal in diagnosis in several dilemmas such as intraocular tumors and in inflammations. Appropriate and timely use of biopsy in uveitis could enhance the diagnosis and provide insight into the etiology, thus enabling precise management.

  20. Skin Biopsy for the diagnosis of Alport Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Lagona, E; Tsartsali, L; Kostaridou, S; Skiathitou, A; Georgaki, E; Sotsiou, F

    2008-01-01

    Alport syndrome (AS) is the most common hereditary nephritis often associated with extrarenal manifestations. It was first described by Alport on 1927. There is a primary disorder in collagen type IV which is the main component of the basement membranes. Alport syndrome is more frequently inherited as an X-linked and less commonly as an autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive trait. We describe the case of a 3-year-old boy with the X-linked variant of AS. The diagnosis was at first speculat...

  1. Usefulness of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy in the diagnosis of cervical lymphadenopathy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound-guided percutaneous core-needle biopsy in establishing histopathologic diagnoses of cervical lymphadenopathy. Seventy nine patients with cervical lymphadenopathy without a history of malignancy or recent infection underwent ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsies. Lymph node tissues were obtained by 2 to 4 times of freehand core-needle biopsy technique using a 7.5-12 MHz ultrasound transducer and a short-excursion (12 mm), spring-loaded automated gun with an 16-gauge cutting needle. We evaluated diagnostic yields of biopsies and related complication. Histologic diagnoses were conclusive in 73 cases (92.4%) including 57 benign causes (24 cases of tuberculous lymphadenitis, 19 cases of reactive hyperplasia, 14 cases of Kikuchi Disease and 2 cases of nonspecific lymphadenitis) and 12 malignancies (8 cases of metastatic lymphadenopathy, 7 cases of lymphoma). In 5 of 7 patients with lymphoma, histologic subclassification was established with obtained tissue to guide treatment. No complications were seen after biopsy. Ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy of cervical lymphadenopathy is a safe, minimally invasive alternative to surgical biopsy, enabling a histologic diagnosis for treatment planning in the majority of cases.

  2. Current status of transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy in the diagnosis of prostate cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raja, J. [Department of Radiology, St George' s Hospital, Tooting, London (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: jowadraja@gmail.com; Ramachandran, N. [Department of Radiology, St George' s Hospital, Tooting, London (United Kingdom); Munneke, G. [Department of Radiology, St George' s Hospital, Tooting, London (United Kingdom); Patel, U. [Department of Radiology, St George' s Hospital, Tooting, London (United Kingdom)

    2006-02-15

    In contemporary practice, most prostate cancers are either invisible on ultrasound or indistinguishable from concurrent benign prostatic hyperplasia. Diagnosis therefore rests on prostate biopsy. Biopsies are not simply directed at ultrasonically visible lesions, as these would miss many cancers; rather the whole gland is sampled. The sampling itself is systematic, using patterns based on prostate zonal anatomy and the geographical distribution and frequency of cancer. This review explains the evolution of the prostate biopsy technique, from the classical sextant biopsy method to the more recent extended biopsy protocols (8, 10, 12, >12 and saturation biopsy protocols). Extended protocols are increasingly being used to improve diagnostic accuracy, especially in those patients who require repeat biopsy. This trend has been facilitated by the ongoing improvement in safety and acceptability of the procedure, particularly with the use of antibiotic prophylaxis and local anaesthesia. The technical details of these extended protocols are discussed, as are the current data regarding procedure-related morbidity and how this may be minimized.

  3. Laparoscopic Resection of an Interaortocaval Paraganglioma: Diagnosis Following a Needle Biopsy

    OpenAIRE

    Brewster, Joshua B.; Sundaram, Chandru P.

    2007-01-01

    We present the case of a 45-year-old male with an interaortocaval paraganglioma. The tumor was incidentally diagnosed during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the lumbosacral spine to investigate back pain. The MRI was followed by fine needle aspiration cytology that confirmed the diagnosis. The patient, however, did report a history of intermittent episodes of headaches, increased sweating, palpitations, and elevations in blood pressure. The tumor was excised laparoscopically without compl...

  4. Fine needle aspiration cytology and cell block in the diagnosis of seminoma testis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhishant Pandey

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Testicular neoplasms which show a wide variety of morphologic types, comprise a small proportion of malignancies. Early identification and treatment is essential for achieving long term survival. The cytologic findings in fine needle aspiration smears from left testicular swelling of a 49 year old male suggestive of a germ cell tumor was complimented by cell block preparation as seminoma. This was confirmed by histopathologic studies. We are presenting this case to emphasize that cell block can be used for diagnosis of testicular tumors.

  5. ROLE OF FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION CYTOLOGY (FNAC IN DIAGNOSIS OF ASYMPTOMATIC MICROFILARIASIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reena

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Filariasis is a tropical and subtropical disease caused by Wuchereria Bancrofti and Brugia Malayi and transmitted by Culex mosquito. Lymphatic Filariasis is a major health problem in countries like India, China, Indonesia, and Africa. Diagnosis of Filari a is done by conventional methods like peripheral blood smear examination, Fluorescent capillary method and filarial antigen detection by Rapid card method. Here we present four unusual cases with swellings presented in surgical outdoor and referred for FN AC. Our aim is to evaluate and emphasize the utility and importance of Fine Needle Aspiration in diagnosing Microfilarasis in clinically unsuspected cases.

  6. Jumbo biopsy is useful for the diagnosis of colonic prolapsing mucosal polyps with diverticulosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shingo Kato; Kazutoshi Hashiguchi; Ryuichi Yamamoto; Mitsuru Seo; Takashi Matsuura; Kazuro Itoh; Akinori Iwashita; Soichiro Miura

    2006-01-01

    We report here a case of multiple prolapsing mucosal polyps with diverticulosis in the sigmoid colon. A 52-yearold man was admitted to our hospital because of bloody diarrhea. Colonoscopy and barium enema showed multiple diverticula, markedly thickened mucosal folds and polypoid lesions with mucus on the top of them in the sigmoid colon. Endoscopic ultrasonography showed thickening of the mucosal and submucosal layers.Several endoscopic biopsy specimens were taken from the polypoid lesions. Histological examination revealed only chronic inflammatory cell infiltration. In order to obtain a definite diagnosis, we performed endoscopic jumbo biopsy for the polypoid lesions after obtaining informed consent. Histological examination revealed marked lymphocyte infiltration, hemosiderin deposits and fibromuscular obliteration in the lamina propria, features similar to those of mucosal prolapsing syndrome. After anti-diarrhetic treatment, clinical findings were improved.Thus, jumbo biopsy is useful for diagnosis and treatment of prolapsing mucosal polyps.

  7. The role of biopsy in the diagnosis of infections of the central nervous system.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Jansen, M

    2010-01-01

    CNS infections require prompt appropriate therapy, but do not usually require tissue biopsy for diagnosis. We performed a 5 year audit of CNS infections which required brain or spinal biopsy to determine or confirm a diagnosis of CNS infection. Sixteen cases were identified in which clinical, radiological or additional investigations including culture, serology or PCR for the suspected specific infective agents were not diagnostic. 6 (37.5%) were bacterial abscesses presenting as space-occupying intracerebral lesions with a differential diagnosis of neoplasm. There were 3 (18.7%) cases of toxoplasmosis and 2 (12.5%) cases of aspergillosis. There was one case (6.2%) of herpes simplex encephalitis, one cysticercosis and one progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy, all biopsied as possible neoplasms. There were 2 (12.5%) cases of spinal tuberculosis, one multifocal, mimicking neurofibromatosis. This review highlights the usefulness of targeted biopsy in the rapid diagnosis of CNS infections. It also emphasizes the lack of specificity of \\'negative\\' culture and serology in certain cases, especially in the setting of immune-compromise.

  8. Primary amyloidosis presenting as an isolated mediastinal mass: diagnosis by fine needle biopsy.

    OpenAIRE

    Hiller, N.; FISHER, D.; Shmesh, O.; Gottschalk-Sabag, S.; Dollberg, M.

    1995-01-01

    Intrathoracic amyloidosis affecting the lungs or mediastinum is rare, and mediastinal lymphadenopathy in the absence of pulmonary involvement is even more rare. The case history is presented of a previously healthy man who developed nodular mediastinal amyloidosis without pulmonary involvement. Diagnosis was made by percutaneous fine needle biopsy.

  9. Repeat biopsy in patients with initial diagnosis of PIN; La biopsia ripetuta nei pazienti con diagnosi iniziale di PIN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Matteis, Massimo [Azienda Ospedaliera Policlinico S. Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna (Italy). UO Radiologia Albertoni; Poggi, Cristina; De Martino, Antonietta; Pavlica, Pietro [Azienda Ospedaliera Policlinico S. Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna (Italy). UO Radiologia Palagi, Dipartimento area radiologica; Corti, Barbara [Azienda Ospedaliera Policlinico S. Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna (Italy). UO Anatomia ed istologia patologica, Dipartimento oncologico ed ematologico; Barozzi, Libero [Azienda Ospedaliera Policlinico S. Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna (Italy). UO Radiologia d' urgenza, Dipartimento emergenze ed accettazione

    2005-09-15

    Purpose. Prostatic intra-epithelial neoplasia (PIN) is considered a pre-malignant lesion and the main precursor of invasive prostatic adenocarcinoma. A PIN diagnosis established by prostate needle biopsy poses a difficult clinical management. problem. We retrospectively reviewed our three-year experience in order to identify criteria for referring patients to repeat biopsy. Materials and methods. We reviewed the repeat biopsy records of 72 patients in whom PIN had been detected on initial US-guided needle biopsy of the prostate. All the patients had a minimum of 6 biopsy cores taken, and they all had PSA > 4 ng/ml. Results. Adenocarcinoma was detected in 15 patients out of 50 (30%) with an initial diagnosis of low-grade PIN and in 10 patients out of 22 (45.4%) with high grade PIN, in 7 out of 18 (39%) in whom PSA levels had decreased during the observation interval, in 16 patients out of 46 (35%) in whom the PSA had increased and in 2 patients out of 8 (25%) with stable PSA. Conclusions. Our results seem to confirm that PIN can be considered a precursor of prostatic adenocarcinoma or a histological alteration often associated with it. Patients with low-grade PIN and particularly those with high-grade PIN should be regularly subjected to repeat biopsy at short intervals due to the high frequency of the final diagnosis of carcinoma. No agreement has been reached on the time interval between the first and the second biopsy. The PSA changes during the observation period are not a statistically significant parameter to suggest the repetition of prostatic biopsy. [Italian] Scopo. La neoplasia prostatica intraepiteliale (PIN) e considerata una lesione premaligna ed il precursore principale dell'adenocarcinoma prostatico infiltrante. La diagnosi di PIN ottenuta con l'agobiopsia della prostata rappresenta un difficile problema gestionale clinico. In una valutazione retrospettiva della nostra esperienza di 3 anni si e cercato di individuare i criteri che possano

  10. ROLE OF FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION CYTOLOGY IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF INTRA ABDOMINAL LUMPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjay Kumar

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Fine needle aspiration cytology has gained recognition in the last decade as valuable diagnostic technique. Its benefits have been demonstrated in large series of patients and in almost all tumor types. Aim of this study was to establish role of fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of intra-abdominal lumps. Most commonly involved organ in our study was liver (30.4% followed by G.I.T (21.7% and Gall Bladder (17.4%. Maximum numbers of cases were in sixth decade followed by fifth and fourth decade (19.56% and 17.4% respectively. Malignant lesions were more common in this study compared to benign lesions. Reason behind this was inclusion of patients of higher age group in the study. Out of 46 cases only 23 cases were subjected for histopathological correlation. Amongst all such cases there were more number of malignant lesions. 100% accuracy was observed in cases of liver, intestine, ovary and kidney lesions. In other organs less accuracy obtained and probably it was due to less number of cases subjected to histological correlation. FNAC being a safe and OPD procedure can be used as important diagnostic tool for any abdominal lump. Present study had adequacy of material in 93.4% of cases and this study carries an overall accuracy ranging from 75-100% with sensitivity of 91.3%. The aspirated material can be subjected to other modalities of study like immunological, cytogenetic and microbiological depending as per need of cases, which adds to diagnostic accuracy of FNAC. Overall role of FNAC in intra-abdominal lumps is of great value and its use should be encouraged in the diagnosis of intra-abdominal lumps.

  11. The clinical application of CT-guided percutaneous biopsy in the diagnosis of bone lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the clinical value of CT-guided percutaneous biopsy for bone lesions. Methods: Forty-Eight patients with different sited bone lesions had received the procedure of CT guided percutaneous biopsy from July 2003 to January 2005, including 34 cases only with complete clinical records. The procedure was carried out with patient lied on CT table and followed by localization scanning to demonstrate the best sites for puncture and biopsy route. 11-14 G bone puncture needle or 18 G trigger type biopsy needle was undertaken to penetrate into the lesion for obtaining specimens under local anesthesia and CT monitoring and in turn for fixation with 10% formalin to have pathologic examination. Results: The whole procedure finished within 20-40 minutes with adequate samples obtained for pathologic examination of all cases. Confirmed diagnosis was made in 30 cases with an accuracy of 91.2% and no correlative complications were found. Conclusions: The CT-guided percutaneous biopsy is safe and efficient for diagnosis of bone lesions, deserving to be extensively used. (authors)

  12. Primary subcutaneous inguinal hydatid cyst: diagnosis by fine needle aspiration cytology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagga, Permeet Kaur; Bhargava, Satish Kumar; Aggarwal, Neema; Chander, Yogesh

    2014-08-01

    Hydatid disease or human cystic echinococcosis, recognized by ancient scholars such as Hippocrates, Galen and Rhazes, is one of the oldest diseases known to man. Though hydatid cyst may develop in almost any part of the body, a solitary primary subcutaneous localization is an extremely rare entity. We herein report a case of primary subcutaneous inguinal hydatid cyst which was diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology. Radiological examination done subsequently corroborated with the cytodiagnosis of Hydatid cyst and did not show involvement of any other organ or site. Histopathological examination of surgically removed cyst confirmed the diagnosis of Hydatid cyst. Hydatid disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of all unusual swellings in soft tissues, especially in regions where the disease is endemic. PMID:25302206

  13. CT-stereotactic biopsy for differential diagnosis of deep localized intracerebral hematoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The diagnosis of intracerebral haematomas, especially of those which are relatively small, occupy little space and are deeply situated, presents considerable problems. The problem is even greater when the expected acute case history and the acute beginning of the symptoms do not occur and unusual localisations are found. The consequences of this are false diagnoses and the treatment of these patients within the framework of blanket diagnosis ''intracerebral tumours'' or ''space occupying processes'' without any confirmation of the histological diagnosis. Using a sample of 26 patients where the histological diagnosis of non-recent intracerebral hemorrhages had been confirmed (out of a series of 818 CT-stereotactically biopsied patients punctured by us from the beginning of 1983 until the end of 1984), the problem of establishing a diagnosis is exposed. A histological diagnosis should in any case be confirmed before any thorough and depp-reaching therapy is begun, since false diagnoses and misinterpretations can cause serious consequences for the patient. (orig.)

  14. Clinical value of duodenal biopsies--beyond the diagnosis of coeliac disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Marjorie M; Talley, Nicholas J

    2011-09-15

    At upper gastrointestinal endoscopy to investigate unexplained diarrhea and iron deficiency anemia, duodenal biopsies are often taken to exclude a diagnosis of coeliac disease. While histology remains the gold standard for this diagnosis, recent developments in serological testing may overtake this as a first line test and biopsy restricted to confirming the diagnosis. Established coeliac disease on biopsy is straightforward, but early lesions may pose a challenge. Newer endoscopic procedures such as push-pull enteroscopy (balloon enteroscopy) with biopsy allow access to the small bowel beyond the second part of the duodenum. Controversy remains as to what constitutes the normal histology of the duodenum, and small bowel. Lymphocytic duodenosis (increased intraepithelial lymphocytes with normal villous architecture) in patients with negative coeliac serology can be associated with Helicobacter pylori, drugs, autoimmune and other diseases including food allergy. Full thickness small intestinal biopsies can aid in investigation of enteric neuropathies in severe dysmotility disorders. Biopsies are also taken to investigate malabsorption due to suspected infectious and metabolic disorders. Despite highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART), immunosuppressed patients may be affected by duodenal pathogens. The histology of duodenal mucosa in acid related disorders reflects the damage seen at endoscopy. Although the prevalence of duodenal ulcer disease is decreasing, drugs causing ulceration remain an important disease entity. Recent observations in functional bowel disorders suggest that the duodenum may be a key site for pathology. In functional dyspepsia, patients with early satiety may have excess eosinophil infiltration, and the mast cell is probably a key player in the irritable syndrome in the small intestine. PMID:21940106

  15. Impact of stereotactic 11-g vacuum-assisted breast biopsy on cost of diagnosis in Austria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gruber, R., E-mail: renate.gruber@meduniwien.ac.at [Medical University of Vienna, Department of Radiology, Division of Molecular and Gender Imaging, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Walter, E. [Institute of Pharmacoeconomic Research, Wolfengasse 4/7, A-1010 Vienna (Austria); Helbich, T.H. [Medical University of Vienna, Department of Radiology, Division of Molecular and Gender Imaging, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria)

    2011-01-15

    Purpose: To determine the frequency with which stereotactic 11-g vacuum-assisted breast biopsy (11-g SVAB) obviates an open surgical biopsy (OSB), to compare the costs of these two biopsy methods, and to estimate the potential cost savings attributable to 11-g SVAB in the diagnosis of suspicious breast lesions in patients in Austria. Materials and methods: We retrospectively reviewed 318 consecutive breast lesions of BI-RADS categories IV and V (microcalcifications n = 166; masses n = 152) on which 11-g SVAB and OSB were performed. Cost savings were calculated using nationally allowed flat rates and patient charges. Costs were measured from a hospital and a socioeconomic perspective. Common clinical scenarios and sensitivity analyses assessed the extent of achievable cost savings. Results: 11-g SVAB obviated the need for an OSB in 93 (29%) of 318 women. Overall cost savings per 11-g SVAB over OSB were Euro 242 per case from a hospital perspective, and Euro 422 per case from a socioeconomic perspective. The use of 11-g SVAB decreased the cost of diagnosis by 7% from a hospital perspective, and by 10% from a socioeconomic perspective. Conclusion: In Austria, annual national savings of over 5 million Euro could be realized with the use of 11-g SVAB for the diagnosis of suspicious breast lesions. Although savings per case are modest, the national health care system realizes significant cost reduction as women benefit from a faster and less invasive approach to diagnosis.

  16. Preoperative Assessment of TERT Promoter Mutation on Thyroid Core Needle Biopsies Supports Diagnosis of Malignancy and Addresses Surgical Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crescenzi, A; Trimboli, P; Modica, D C; Taffon, C; Guidobaldi, L; Taccogna, S; Rainer, A; Trombetta, M; Papini, E; Zelano, G

    2016-03-01

    In the last decade, several molecular markers have been proposed to improve the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Among these, mutations in the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) promoter have been correlated to malignant tumors, characterized by highest recurrence and decreased patients' survival. This suggests an important role of TERT mutational analysis in the clinical diagnosis and management of thyroid cancer patients. The aim of the study was to demonstrate the adequacy of core needle biopsy (CNB) for the preoperative assessment of TERT mutational status, to reach a more accurate definition of malignancy and a more appropriate surgical planning. Indeed, CNB is gaining momentum for improving diagnosis of thyroid nodules deemed inconclusive by fine needle aspirate (FNA). The study included 50 patients submitted to CNB due to inconclusive FNA report. TERT mutational status was correlated with BRAF mutation, definitive histology, and post-operative TNM staging of the neoplasia. C228T mutation of the TERT promoter was reported in 10% of the papillary carcinomas (PTC) series. When compared with final histology, all cases harboring TERT mutation resulted as locally invasive PTCs. The prevalence of TERT mutated cases was 17.6% among locally advanced PTCs. TERT analysis on CNB allows the assessment of the pathological population on paraffin sections before DNA isolation, minimizing the risk of false negatives due to poor sampling that affects FNA, and gathering aggregate information about morphology and TERT mutational status. Data indicating a worse outcome of the tumor might be used to individualize treatment decision, surgical option, and follow-up design. PMID:25951319

  17. Preoperative diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumor by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kazuya Akahoshi; Takashi Nagaie; Yorinobu Sumida; Noriaki Nlatsui; Masafumi Oya; Rie Akinaga; Masaru Kubokawa; Yasuaki Motomura; Kuniomi Honda; Masayuki Watanabe

    2007-01-01

    AIM: to evaluate the role of endoscopic ultrasonographyguided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in the preoperative diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST).METHODS: From September 2002 to June 2006, Fiftythree consecutive EUS-FNAs of GI tract subepithelial hypoechoic tumors with continuity to proper muscle layer suspected as GIST by standard EUS were evaluated prospectively. The reference standards for the final diagnosis were surgery (n = 31), or clinical follow-up (n = 22). Additionally, immunophenotyping of specimens obtained by EUS-FNA and surgical resection specimens were compared.RESULTS: In 2 cases puncture was not performed because of anatomical problems. The collection rate of adequate specimens from the GI tract subepithelial hypoechoic tumor with continuity to proper muscle layer was 82% (42/51). The diagnostic rate for the tumor less than 2 cm, 2 to 4 cm, and 4 cm or more were 71% (15/21), 86% (18/21), and 100% (9/9),respectively. In 29 surgically resected cases, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and diagnostic accuracy of EUS-FNA using immunohistochemical analysis of GIST were 100%(24/24), 80% (4/5), 96% (24/25), 100% (4/4), and 97% (28/29), respectively. No major complications were encountered.CONCLUSION: EUS-FNA with immunohistochemical analysis is a safe and accurate method in the pretherapeutic diagnosis of GIST. It should be taken into consideration in decision making, especially in early diagnosis following minimal invasive surgery for GIST.

  18. Perirenal hemorrhage after renal biopsy - possibility of clinical diagnosis and contribution of computer tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Monhart, V.; Sobota, J. (Ustredni Vojenska Nemocnice, Prague (Czechoslovakia)); Jaros, M.; Stepankova, Ch. (Karlova Univ., Prague (Czechoslovakia). Lekarska Fakulta Hygienicka)

    1982-10-01

    Evaluation was made of the clinical course after 1257 percutaneous renal biopsies to determine the incidence of hemorrhage into the renal parenchyma or into its surroundings. In 41% of the performed biopsies signs were found which appeared to be connected with the presence of early or past perirenal or intrarenal hemorrhage - pain on the site of biopsy, hematuria, increased body temperature, signs of circulatory failure and a slow-down of intestinal peristalsis. In 13 (92%) of the 14 patients of this group examined after renal biopsy using computer tomograph Somatom 2 Siemens, a perirenal, mostly medium size hematoma was found, only rarely combined with simultaneous incidence of a small intrarenal hematoma. When the type, localization and extension of the proved hematoma were compared with the incidence of clinical signs -pain, increased body temperature and hematuria, no mutual connections could be found. The results of the study prove a high sensitivity of computer tomography in the detection of hemorrhage after renal biopsy. In the studied group, sensitivity was more than twice higher than that showed by clinical diagnosis.

  19. [Ultrasonically-guided percutaneous needle biopsy in the diagnosis of malignant abdominal diseases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesić, V; Lisanin, Lj; Lukac, S; Zica, D; Kupresanin, S; Spasić, V

    1998-01-01

    In 3-year period 340 percutaneous ultrasonographically guided needle biopsies of abdominal organs and tissues were performed in suspected neoprocesses. Positive cytologic results were obtained in 77.6% and histological in 74.8% of patients. These results were obtained thanks to good choice of a bioptic needle and the technique of performing percutaneous needle biopsy under ultrasonographic control and sometimes in combination with radioscopy, too. Experience of both a biopsy performer and a cytologist or histologist with this kind of material is of great importance. Thanks to early histologic diagnosis, made in this way, percutaneous biopsy is classified as a high sensitive method and as such it forces on to be one of the first methods in algorithm of diagnostic procedures. Even the aim of this paper is to point out not only the authors ultrasonographic experience but also reliability, simplicity and safety of percutaneous guided needle biopsies, what excludes the necessity for more difficult and more expensive diagnostic procedures significantly reducing the examination. PMID:9612124

  20. [Ultrasonically-guided percutaneous needle biopsy in the diagnosis of malignant abdominal diseases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesić, V; Lisanin, Lj; Lukac, S; Zica, D; Kupresanin, S; Spasić, V

    1998-01-01

    In 3-year period 340 percutaneous ultrasonographically guided needle biopsies of abdominal organs and tissues were performed in suspected neoprocesses. Positive cytologic results were obtained in 77.6% and histological in 74.8% of patients. These results were obtained thanks to good choice of a bioptic needle and the technique of performing percutaneous needle biopsy under ultrasonographic control and sometimes in combination with radioscopy, too. Experience of both a biopsy performer and a cytologist or histologist with this kind of material is of great importance. Thanks to early histologic diagnosis, made in this way, percutaneous biopsy is classified as a high sensitive method and as such it forces on to be one of the first methods in algorithm of diagnostic procedures. Even the aim of this paper is to point out not only the authors ultrasonographic experience but also reliability, simplicity and safety of percutaneous guided needle biopsies, what excludes the necessity for more difficult and more expensive diagnostic procedures significantly reducing the examination.

  1. Diagnosis and fine needle aspiration of pancreatic pseudocysts: the role of endoscopic ultrasound.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breslin, Niall; Wallace, Michael B

    2002-10-01

    Pseudocysts are localized collections of pancreatic fluid surrounded by nonepithelialized granulation tissue that occur following an insult to the pancreas. High image resolution and the ability sample in real-time by fine needle aspiration permit accurate distinction between various cystic lesions in the pancreas by endoscopic ultrasound (EUS). Other cyst characteristics and background pancreatic changes detectable at EUS assist in the diagnostic process. The use of Doppler flow ultrasound allows diagnosis of important pseudocyst complications such as pseudoaneurysms and varices. Endoscopic approaches to the drainage of symptomatic lesions previously relied on the use of cross-sectional imaging studies such as computed tomography scanning in combination with stent placement using a duodenoscope in the presence of an endoscopically visible cyst bulge. EUS facilitates this process allowing accurate imaging of the lesion prior to stent placement via the echoendoscope and overcomes many of the drawbacks and pitfalls of other endoscopic techniques. PMID:12607787

  2. Huge pelvic parachordoma: fine needle aspiration cytology and histological differential diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mona A. Kandil

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Parachordoma is an extremely rare soft tissue tumor of unknown lineage. Parachordoma develops most often on the extremities. Only 2 cases have been reported as pelvic parachordoma. A 46-year old Egyptian woman with a huge painful pelvic mass was found to have a parachordoma with ectopic pelvic right kidney. There is only one report in the literature of fine needle aspiration cytology in this setting. The microscopic picture of parachordoma is not new to pathologists but the gross picture of this rare tumor has not previously been published; not even in the World Health Organization classification of soft tissues tumors. Diagnosis was confirmed by immuno-histochemistry. The patient is in good clinical condition without any evidence of recurrence or metastasis after 84 months of follow up.

  3. Potential value and disadvantages of fine needle aspiration cytology in diagnosis of ameloblastoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perić, Marija; Milicić, Valerija; Pajtler, Marija; Marjanović, Ksenija; Zubcić, Vedran

    2012-11-01

    Ameloblastoma is a benign, slow growing but locally aggressive tumor that is clinically manifested as swelling in a jaws. Prone to relapse (30%) even 30 years after inadequate primary operation. The most important cytological features of this tumor are small bazaloid cells in clusters, and single spindle and stellate shaped cells. We report on a case of 79-year-old patient, who was hospitalized due to tumor formation in the buccal region. FNA was performed and liquid material that contained only fagocites was collected. The conclusion was--cyst, while biopsy finding--adenoma baseo-cellulare, pointed to the salivary gland tumor. Patient refused the proposed surgical treatment. Four years later, the patient was urgently hospitalized due heavy bleeding from the tumor in the same region. It affected the crest portion of the upper jaw and a section of hard palate, and was bleeding on palpation. In second FNA we found phagocytes and a few small clusters of basaloid cells with palisade arrangement at the edges. Because of uniform and benign cytomorphological features it was concluded that it was a cystic tumor. On biopsy pattern the diagnose of ameloblastoma was determinated. The patient underwent surgery, however due to postoperative complications he died. Preoperative diagnosis is usually set on the basis of clinical and often nonspecific radiological findings. As it is very important to get the correct diagnose before planning an adequate surgical procedure, we would like to point out the potential value and disadvantages of FNA cytology in the diagnosis of ameloblastoma. PMID:23397775

  4. Diabetic mastopathy: Imaging features and the role of image-guided biopsy in its diagnosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jong Hyeon; Kim, Eun Kyung; Kim, Min Jung; Moon, Hee Jung; Yoon, Jung Hyun [Dept. of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-03-15

    The goal of this study was to evaluate the imaging features of diabetic mastopathy (DMP) and the role of image-guided biopsy in its diagnosis. Two experienced radiologists retrospectively reviewed the mammographic and sonographic images of 19 pathologically confirmed DMP patients. The techniques and results of the biopsies performed in each patient were also reviewed. Mammograms showed negative findings in 78% of the patients. On ultrasonography (US), 13 lesions were seen as masses and six as non-mass lesions. The US features of the mass lesions were as follows: irregular shape (69%), oval shape (31%), indistinct margin (69%), angular margin (15%), microlobulated margin (8%), well-defined margin (8%), heterogeneous echogenicity (62%), hypoechoic echogenicity (38%), posterior shadowing (92%), parallel orientation (100%), the absence of calcifications (100%), and the absence of vascularity (100%). Based on the US findings, 17 lesions (89%) were classified as Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System category 4 and two (11%) as category 3. US-guided core biopsy was performed in 18 patients, and 10 (56%) were diagnosed with DMP on that basis. An additional vacuum-assisted biopsy was performed in seven patients and all were diagnosed with DMP. The US features of DMP were generally suspicious for malignancy, whereas the mammographic findings were often negative or showed only focal asymmetry. Core biopsy is an adequate method for initial pathological diagnosis. However, since it yields non-diagnostic results in a considerable number of cases, the evaluation of correlations between imaging and pathology plays an important role in the diagnostic process.

  5. Ultrasonography and fine-needle aspiration cytology can spare breast cancer patients unnecessary sentinel lymph node biopsy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.C. van Rijk; E.E. Deurloo; O.E. Nieweg; K.G.A. Gilhuijs; J.L. Peterse; E.J.T. Rutgers; R. Kroger; B.B.R. Kroon

    2006-01-01

    Background: Some 30% to 40% of the breast cancer patients scheduled for sentinel node biopsy have axillary metastasis. Pilot studies suggest that ultrasonography is useful in the preoperative detection of such nodes. The aims of this study were to evaluate the sensitivity of preoperative ultrasonogr

  6. Post-brushing and fine-needle aspiration biopsy follow-up and treatment options for patients with pancreatobiliary lesions: The Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel F. I. Kurtycz

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology (PSC has developed a set of guidelines for pancreatobiliary cytology including indications for endoscopic ultrasound (EUS guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA biopsy, techniques of EUS-FNA, terminology and nomenclature for pancreatobiliary cytology, ancillary testing and post-procedure management. All documents are based on the expertise of the authors, a review of the literature and discussions of the draft document at several national and international meetings over an 18 month period and synthesis of online comments of the draft document on the PSC web site (www.papsociety.org. This document selectively presents the results of these discussions and focuses on the follow-up and treatment options for patients after procedures performed for obtaining cytology samples for the evaluation of biliary strictures and solid and cystic masses in the pancreas. These recommendations follow the six-tiered terminology and nomenclature scheme proposed by committee III.

  7. Diagnosis of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Complicating Liver Cirrhosis: Utility of Repeat Ultrasound-Guided Biopsy after Unsuccessful First Sampling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To evaluate the utility of a second ultrasound-guided fine-needle biopsy of liver nodules thought to be hepatocellular carcinoma when the original biopsy has failed to provide a reliable diagnosis. Methods: Thirty-seven cirrhotic patients underwent ultrasound-guided fine-needle biopsy of liver nodules that were subsequently diagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma. Each biopsy involved a single puncture with a 20 G cutting needle, which yielded pathologic material used both for cytologic and histologic studies. In 23 cases (mean diameter of nodules 48 mm) the biopsy furnished exclusively necrotic material (non-diagnostic subgroup); in the other 14 cases (mean diameter 26 mm) the biopsy yielded no neoplastic elements (false-negative subgroup). All 37 nodules were subjected to repeat biopsies performed in the same manner. Results: The repeat biopsies provided a diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma in six of the 23 patients from the non-diagnostic subgroup and in seven of the 14 in the false-negative subgroup. Overall, repeat biopsy produced a diagnostic gain of 35.1%. Conclusion: The chance of success with repeat biopsy of hepatocellular carcinoma is limited and may depend to some extent on the characteristics of the lesions (i.e., areas of necrosis in large nodules, well-differentiated cellular populations in small ones)

  8. Evaluation of gastroscopic biopsy for diagnosis of Cryptosporidium sp. infection in snakes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerveny, Shannon N S; Garner, Michael M; D'Agostino, Jennifer J; Sekscienski, Stacey R; Payton, Mark E; Davis, Michelle R

    2012-12-01

    Cryptosporidium sp. is a protozoal parasite that can cause hypertrophic gastritis, regurgitation, and chronic wasting in snakes. Diagnosis can be challenging because of intermittent shedding of the organism in the feces. The purpose of this study was to evaluate gastroscopic biopsy as a diagnostic method for Cryptosporidium sp. screening during an outbreak at the Oklahoma City Zoo. Twenty-two snakes were immobilized by chamber induction with an inhalant anesthetic. Gross lesions were seen in seven snakes and consisted of hyperemia, thickening of the gastric mucosa as observed by lack of rugal folds, and a cobblestoned appearance. Gastric biopsy was performed for histologic evaluation (n = 21). Hypertrophic gastritis with intralesional cryptosporidia was diagnosed in five animals. Eleven animals died or were euthanized and complete necropsy was used to evaluate diagnostic measurements of performance of gastric biopsy. Sensitivity for gastric biopsy was 71.4% and specificity was 100%. Gastroscopy appears to be a useful diagnostic method for Cryptosporidium infection in snakes and can help distinguish true infection from prey-based cryptosporidia seen in fecal samples.

  9. Pleural effusion: Role of pleural fluid cytology, adenosine deaminase level, and pleural biopsy in diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Biswajit Biswas

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The present study is designed to evaluate the role of pleural fluid analysis in diagnosing pleural diseases and to study the advantages and disadvantages of thoracocentasis and pleural biopsy. Materials and Methods: We prospectively included 66 consecutive indoor patients over a duration of 1 year. Pleural fluid was collected and cytological smears were made from the fluid. Plural biopsy was done in the same patient by Cope needle. Adequate pleural biopsy tissue yielding specific diagnosis was obtained in 47 (71.2% cases. Results: Tuberculosis was the commonest nonneoplastic lesion followed by chronic nonspecific pleuritis comprising 60% and 33.3% of the nonneoplastic cases respectively and tuberculosis was predominantly diagnosed in the younger age group. Majority (70.8% of malignancy cases were in the age group of >50-70. Adenocarcinoma was found to be the commonest (66.7% malignant neoplasm in the pleurae followed by small-cell carcinoma (20.8%. Conclusion: Pleural biopsy is a useful and minimally invasive procedure. It is more sensitive and specific than pleural fluid smears.

  10. Immediate biopsy versus a therapeutic trial in the diagnosis and treatment of vesiculobullous/vesiculoerosive oral lesions. Opposing viewpoints presented.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, R S; Bottomley, W K; Abramovitch, K; Langlais, R P

    1992-06-01

    There are at least two treatment strategies in the diagnosis and treatment of oral vesiculobullous/vesiculoerosive disease. The relative merits of immediate biopsy and initial therapeutic trial regimens are debated. PMID:1437038

  11. Evaluation of shear wave elastography for guiding real-time fine-needle aspiration biopsy of superficial organs%剪切波弹性成像引导浅表器官细针穿刺活检的实时性评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢晋放; 乔晓慧; 金宇飚; 高峰; 张佳杰

    2015-01-01

    目的:评价剪切波弹性成像(SWE)引导浅表器官细针穿刺活检的实时性。方法随机选取浅表器官细针穿刺活检患者41例,其中男性22例,女性19例;年龄26~68岁,中位年龄46岁。选用法国SuperSonic Imagine公司生产的Aixplorer超声诊断仪(配备SWE),启动SWE成像模式实时引导浅表器官细针穿刺。结果患者均可耐受,在探头扫查切面保持不变的情况下,利用SWE可以成功完成穿刺全程的实时监视引导,可以将穿刺部位精确地定位于病灶内硬度最高区域,穿刺针尖显示清晰。结论应用剪切波弹性成像可以实时引导浅表器官细针穿刺活检,但图像帧频需要进一步提高。%Objective To probe into the feasibility of using shear wave elastography (SWE) for guiding re-al-time fine-needle aspiration biopsy of superficial organs. Methods Forty-one patients, including 22 males and 19 females, aged 26~28 years old (46 years old in mean), who need fine-needle aspiration biopsy for their superficial or-gans, were randomly selected. The special ultrasonic diagnosis system Aixplorer (SuperSonic Imagine Company, France) was applied. SWE imaging model was used for real-time fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Results All patients could tolerate the treatment. With the scanning plane of probe remained unchanged, using SWE could successfully complete the real-time monitoring of the whole guided fine-needle aspiration of superficial organs. The site of fine-needle aspiration could be accurately positioned to the highest hardness region of SWE. The puncture needle dis-played clearly. Conclusion Using shear wave elastography can guide real-time fine-needle aspiration biopsy of su-perficial organs, but the image frame rate of SWE needs to be further improved.

  12. Usefulness of duodenal biopsy during routine upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for diagnosis of celiac disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    S Riestra; F Domínguez; E Fernández-Ruiz; E García-Riesco; R Nieto; E Fernández; L Rodrigo

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To describe the trend in duodenal biopsy performance during routine upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in an adult Spanish population, and to analyze its value for the diagnosis of celiac disease in clinical practice.METHODS: A 15 year-trend (1990 to 2004) in duodenal biopsy performed when undertaking upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was studied. We analysed the prevalence of celiac disease in the overall group, and in the subgroups with anaemia and/or chronic diarrhoea.RESULTS: Duodenal biopsy was performed in 1033of 13 678 upper gastrointestinal endoscopies (7.6%);an increase in the use of such was observed over the study period (1.9% in 1990-1994, 5% in 1995-1999 and 12.8% in 2000-2004). Celiac disease was diagnosed in 22 patients (2.2%), this being more frequent in women than in men (3% and 1% respectively). Fourteen out of 514 (2.7%) patients with anaemia, 12 out of 141(8.5%) with chronic diarrhoea and 8 out of 42 (19%)with anaemia plus chronic diarrhoea had celiac disease.A classical clinical presentation was observed in 55% of the cases, 23% of the patients had associated dermatitis herpetiformis and 64% presented anaemia; 9% were diagnosed by familial screening and 5% by cryptogenetic hypertransaminasaemia.CONCLUSION: Duodenal biopsy undertaken during routine upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in adults, has been gradually incorporated into clinical practice, and is a useful tool for the diagnosis of celiac disease in high risk groups such as those with anaemia and/or chronic diarrhoea.

  13. Contrast-enhanced sonography versus biopsy for the differential diagnosis of thrombosis in hepatocellular carcinoma patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Paolo Sorrentino; Salvatore D'Angelo; Luciano Tarantino; Umberto Ferbo; Alessandra Bracigliano; Raffaela Vecchione

    2009-01-01

    AIM: To clarify which method has accuracy: 2nd generation contrast-enhanced ultrasound or biopsy of portal vein thrombus in the differential diagnosis of portal vein thrombosis. METHODS: One hundred and eighty-six patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and portal vein thrombosis underwent in blinded fashion a 2nd generation contrastenhanced ultrasound and biopsy of portal vein thrombus; both results were examined on the basis of the follow-up of patients compared to reference-standard. RESULTS: One hundred and eight patients completed the study. Benign thrombosis on 2nd generation contrast- enhanced ultrasound was characterised by progressive hypoenhancing of the thrombus; in malignant portal vein thrombosis there was a precocious homogeneous enhancement of the thrombus. On follow-up there were 50 of 108 patients with benign thrombosis: all were correctly diagnosed by both methods. There were 58 of 108 patients with malignant thrombosis: amongst these, 52 were correctly diagnosed by both methods, the remainder did not present malignant cells on portal vein thrombus biopsy and showed on 2nd generation contrast-enhanced ultrasound an inhomogeneous enhancement pattern. A new biopsy during the follow-up, guided to the area of thrombus that showed up on 2nd generation contrast-enhanced ultrasound, demonstrated an enhancing pattern indicating malignant cells. CONCLUSION: In patients with hepatocellular carcinoma complicated by portal vein thrombosis, 2nd generation contrast-enhanced ultrasound of portal vein thrombus is very useful in assessing the benign or malignant nature of the thrombus. Puncture biopsy of thrombus is usually accurate but presents some sampling errors, so, when pathological results are required, 2nd generation contrast-enhanced ultrasound could guide the sampling needle to the correct area of the thrombus.

  14. Accuracy of fine-needle aspiration in early detection of breast cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamali Zavarehei M

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available Fine-needle aspiration biopsy for the diagnosis of breast lesions has been used for more than six decades and has been established as an effective procedure in Europe for many years. In order to evaluate the accuracy of fine-needle aspiration with histopathologic confirmation, a retrospective study was performed in Iranian Center for Breast Cancer, using a computer database over one year period. All women who had had fine-needle aspiration breast biopsy with histopathologic diagnosis included open excisional biopsy or mastectomy specimen. A total of 49 patients fulfilled the criteria. The test had a 93% sensitivity, 73% specificity, 65% positive predictive value, and 95% negative predictive value. Fine-needle aspiration is a sensitive test that Van be useful as an adjuct in the diagnosis of breast cancer.

  15. Internal mammary lymph node biopsy guided by computed tomography

    OpenAIRE

    Irving, Henry C; Hardy, Graham J.

    1982-01-01

    Internal mammary lymph node enlargement may be demonstrated using computed tomography (CT), and a confirmatory tissue diagnosis of metastatic involvement may be obtained using fine needle aspiration biopsy with needle tip placement guided by the CT scanner. A case history is described to illustrate how a patient presented 9 years after mastectomy with an internal mammary lymph node metastasis and how cytopathological diagnosis of this metastasis was achieved by CT guided biopsy.

  16. Efficacy of an in-house polymerase chain reaction assay for rapid diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in patients with tubercular lymphadenitis: Comparison with fine needle aspiration cytology and conventional techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharma Meera

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Tubercular lymphadenitis (TB-L is the most common manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Excisional biopsy with histopathological examination, Ziehl-Neelsen staining (ZNS and culture and fine needle aspiration (FNA cytology, although useful in the diagnosis of TB-L, cannot diagnose a substantial proportion of cases. We investigated the role of an in-house polymerase chain reaction (PCR assay targeting the IS6110 gene from the FNA material in the diagnosis of the disease. Materials and Methods: The clinical profile of 150 patients with lymphadenopathy was noted and the fine needle aspirate was collected. After cytological processing, ZNS and culture on Lowenstein-Jensen media, mycobacterial DNA was isolated from the residual aspirate material and IS6110 gene PCR was performed. Results of cytology, ZNS, culture and IS6110 gene PCR were compared. Results: There were 49 confirmed patients of TB-L based on laboratory parameters (either culture isolation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis or any two of cytology, ZNS, PCR positive and clinical response to therapy. Sensitivity and specificity of FNA was 89.8% and 96%, of ZNS was 40.8% and 99%, of culture was 40.8% and 100% and of IS6110 gene PCR test was 100% and 92.1%. Conclusion: IS6110 PCR can be considered a valuable adjunct to cytology, ZNS and culture techniques in the diagnosis of TB-L.

  17. [Cytologic diagnosis of abdominal lesions with fine needle aspiration guided by ultrasound].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Candia, P; Rojas, M; Alvarado, M; Garassini, M A; Römer, M A

    1990-01-01

    The purpose of this work was to analyse the advantages and disadvantages of puncture-aspiration with fine needle, guided by ultrasonography, trying to determine its usefulness in our hospitals and its reliability in the diagnosis of intraabdominal lesions of different locations. 29 punctures were practiced on 19 patients, 9 women and 10 men of ages comprised between 34 and 94 years, with lesions in different organs of the abdominal cavity diagnosed by ultrasonography with real time equipment and lineal 3.5 and 5 MHz transducers. After cleaning and antisepsis a Chiba needle is introduced under ultrasonographic vision, up to the location of the lesion, the guide is removed and under a negative pressure, the sample is taken, which is later dried into the air and coloured using the May-Grünwald-Giemsa Technique. Only in one case it was not possible to obtain adequate material for the cytological study. There were 11 positive cases for malignity and 7 negative, one of which was a false negative. The sensibility of the method was of 91.6% with a specificity of 100% and a reliability of 89.4%. We definitely believe that the method is practical, very easy to carry out in our hospitals with a minimum amount of risk, and most of all, dependable to clarify certain diagnoses. PMID:2152268

  18. Alport syndrome: significance of gingival biopsy in the initial diagnosis and periodontal evaluation after renal transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toygar, Hilal Uslu; Toygar, Okan; Guzeldemir, Esra; Cilasun, Ulkem; Nacar, Ahmet; Bal, Nebil

    2009-01-01

    Alport Syndrome (AS) is an important hereditary disorder affecting the glomerular basement membrane. Diagnosis of AS is based on the presence of hematuric nephropathy, renal failure, hearing loss, ocular abnormalities and changes in the glomerular basement membrane of the lamina densa. The aims of this case report were to show the changes in the gingival tissues in a patient with AS under therapy with cyclosporin-A after renal transplantation and to discuss the possible role of type IV collagen in gingival basal lamina as an alternative approach for the diagnosis of AS. A 20-year-old male patient with AS underwent periodontal therapy including a series of gingivectomy surgeries. Gingival samples obtained during the second surgery were examined histopathologically and by transmission electron microscopy for further pathological examination. Gingivectomy procedures have been performed every 6 months over the last 4 years. The excessive and fibrous gingival enlargements resulted in migration of the anterior teeth, but no alveolar bone loss occurred. This is the first report to demonstrate the possible changes in the gingival tissues caused by AS. It is suggested that gingival biopsy can be an initial diagnostic tool instead of renal or skin biopsies. Proper dental and periodontal care and regular visits to the dentist could provide limited gingival hyperplasia to patients with AS.

  19. Alport syndrome: significance of gingival biopsy in the initial diagnosis and periodontal evaluation after renal transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilal Uslu Toygar

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Alport Syndrome (AS is an important hereditary disorder affecting the glomerular basement membrane. Diagnosis of AS is based on the presence of hematuric nephropathy, renal failure, hearing loss, ocular abnormalities and changes in the glomerular basement membrane of the lamina densa. The aims of this case report were to show the changes in the gingival tissues in a patient with AS under therapy with cyclosporin-A after renal transplantation and to discuss the possible role of type IV collagen in gingival basal lamina as an alternative approach for the diagnosis of AS. A 20-year-old male patient with AS underwent periodontal therapy including a series of gingivectomy surgeries. Gingival samples obtained during the second surgery were examined histopathologically and by transmission electron microscopy for further pathological examination. Gingivectomy procedures have been performed every 6 months over the last 4 years. The excessive and fibrous gingival enlargements resulted in migration of the anterior teeth, but no alveolar bone loss occurred. This is the first report to demonstrate the possible changes in the gingival tissues caused by AS. It is suggested that gingival biopsy can be an initial diagnostic tool instead of renal or skin biopsies. Proper dental and periodontal care and regular visits to the dentist could provide limited gingival hyperplasia to patients with AS.

  20. SHOX2 DNA Methylation is a Biomarker for the diagnosis of lung cancer based on bronchial aspirates

    OpenAIRE

    Liloglou Triantafillos; Wille Ulrike; Weickmann Sabine; Tetzner Reimo; Distler Jürgen; Lewin Jörn; Seemann Stefanie; Flemming Nadja; Seegebarth Anke; Schlegel Thomas; Kneip Christoph; Dietrich Dimo; Liebenberg Volker; Schmidt Bernd; Raji Olaide

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background This study aimed to show that SHOX2 DNA methylation is a tumor marker in patients with suspected lung cancer by using bronchial fluid aspirated during bronchoscopy. Such a biomarker would be clinically valuable, especially when, following the first bronchoscopy, a final diagnosis cannot be established by histology or cytology. A test with a low false positive rate can reduce the need for further invasive and costly procedures and ensure early treatment. Methods Marker disc...

  1. How to improve the success of endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of pancreatic lesions

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio Z Gimeno-García; Elwassief, Ahmed

    2012-01-01

    Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is highly accurate for assessing the pancreatic parenchyma and ductal system. Currently, it is the most sensitive imaging procedure for detecting small solid pancreatic masses. EUS-guided fine needle aspiration cytology (EUS-FNA) is a safe and highly accurate tool for the diagnosis of pancreatic malignancy. Prior to perform an EUS-FNA one should wonder whether the benefits outweigh the potential risks of the procedure. Therefore, it is important to take into a...

  2. Should fine needle aspiration cytology in breast assessment be abandoned?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Litherland, Janet C

    2002-02-01

    Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) has been used extensively in the U.K. for the diagnosis of breast lesions over the past 15 years. More recently, large gauge needle biopsy has been used to address many of the problems which have been encountered with fine needle aspiration. This paper reviews the evolution of the use of these procedures and the advantages and disadvantages of each. In considering whether to abandon the use of fine needle aspiration cytology in breast assessment, each individual unit should make a decision based upon their own audited results. However, even if FNAC is retained, it is important to be able to complement cytological diagnosis with core biopsy as there are indisputable advantages, e.g. in the diagnosis of mammographically detected microcalcification. As always, a multi-disciplinary approach is ultimately essential for effective patient management. Litherland, J.C. (2002)

  3. Should fine needle aspiration cytology in breast assessment be abandoned?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litherland, Janet C

    2002-02-01

    Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) has been used extensively in the U.K. for the diagnosis of breast lesions over the past 15 years. More recently, large gauge needle biopsy has been used to address many of the problems which have been encountered with fine needle aspiration. This paper reviews the evolution of the use of these procedures and the advantages and disadvantages of each. In considering whether to abandon the use of fine needle aspiration cytology in breast assessment, each individual unit should make a decision based upon their own audited results. However, even if FNAC is retained, it is important to be able to complement cytological diagnosis with core biopsy as there are indisputable advantages, e.g. in the diagnosis of mammographically detected microcalcification. As always, a multi-disciplinary approach is ultimately essential for effective patient management. PMID:11977938

  4. CT Guided Needle Biopsy as a Less Invasive Procedure in Diagnosis of Thoracic Lesions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pooyeh Graili

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available "nIntroduction: This study was designed to diagnose and assess different variables of benign and malignant masses on CT-guided biopsy and to identify the complication rate of the procedure. "nMaterials and Methods: 757 patients with thoracic lesions whom underwent CT-guided biopsy were evaluated retrospectively from March 2004 to December 2008. All biopsies were performed by one radiologist. The CTs were assessed by a trained general practitioner for the size and location of the lesions and pneumothorax diagnosis and then all CTs were double checked by the same radiologist. Lesions were considered benign or malignant based on pathology reports. "nResults: Biopsy yielded sufficient tissue for pathologic examination in 622 cases (82.2%; 244 lesions (29.6 were benign and 388 lesions (51.3% were malignant (in which 27 were small cell and 233 were non-small cell tumors. The most prevalent location of the lesions was the right upper lobe (182. 78 masses were located in the mediastinum and 41 were in the chest wall. 44.2% of the benign lesions were of an infectious cause (69.7% bacterial, 20.2% fungal, 6.1% hydatid cyst and 4% TB and the rest were inflammatory (43.8%, granulomatous (5.8% and neoplastic (6.2% masses. The mean sizes of benign and malignant lesions were 6.011 and 7.481 cm, respectively (P.V. <0.05. The mean of small cell tumor size was 8.944 cm in comparison with 7.225 cm in non-small cell tumors. Complication arose in 40 cases; pneumothorax occurred in 37 (4.9% and bleeding in 3 (0.4% patients. The large masses and closer lesions to the chest wall showed fewer complications compared to small and distant masses (P.V. <0.05. "nConclusion: CT guided needle biopsy seems to be a reliable diagnostic modality with low risk probablity of complications for thoracic lesions.  

  5. CT-Guided Pancreatic Percutaneous Fine-Needle Biopsy in Differential Diagnosis between Pancreatic Cancer and Chronic Pancreatitis

    OpenAIRE

    Michele Carlucci; Alessandro Zerbi; Danilo Parolini; Sandro Sironi; Angelo Vanzulli; Carlo Staudacher; Agostino Faravelli; Paola Garancini; Alessandro del Maschio; Valerio di Carlo

    1989-01-01

    Differential diagnosis between pancreatic cancer and chronic pancreatitis is still difficult to establish. In 63 patients with suspected pancreatic neoplasm we performed: serum CA 19-9 assessment, abdominal ultrasound, CT scan and CT-guided pancreatic percutaneous fine-needle biopsy. The conclusive diagnosis was pancreatic cancer in 40 patients and chronic pancreatitis in 23 patients. With regard to the differential diagnosis, sensitivity and specificity were respectively 80% and ...

  6. 针吸浅表淋巴结细胞学检查诊断肺癌的意义%THE SIGNIFICANCE OF FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION CYTOLOGY OF SUPERFICIAL LYMPH NODES IN DIAGNOSIS OF LUNG CANCER

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张桂蓉

    2001-01-01

    目的探讨针吸细胞学检查(fine needle aspiration cytology,FNAC)在诊断肺癌时的价值.方法回顾分析210例临床病例,并结合文献复习.结果针吸细胞学检查在肺癌诊断中阳性率高于其他检查方法且结果可靠;针吸检查与外科活检联合检测可提高肺癌诊断率.结论肺部疾病伴有浅表淋巴结肿块者应尽早做针吸或活组织检查.%Objective To elucidate the value of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in diagnosis of lung cancer.Methods Report of 210 cases and literature were reviewed.Results The positive rates of FNAC were greater than those of other methods and the positive results were believable.To unite FNAC and biopsy can improve the rates of diagnosis.Conclusions Those of accompanying with superficial lymph node would be done FNAC and biopsy as soon as possible.

  7. Accuracy of fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of bone lesions with radiological assistance: Experience from the National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Egypt

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmed Mohamed Aly; Hebatallah M. Shaaban; Iman Abou-Sinna

    2014-01-01

    Aim: To evaluate the accuracy of fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of bone lesions with radiological assistance. Patients and methods: 85 cases of FNAC of bone lesions were included. Sixty two procedures were performed by the radiologist and 23 procedures by the histopathologists. The aspirates were immediately fixed in 95% ethanol alcohol for Papanicolaou staining. If there was sufficient material, cell block was prepared. Diagnosis was established in 81 cases (95.3%), clas...

  8. Evaluation of Bovine Embryo Biopsy Techniques according to Their Ability to Preserve Embryo Viability

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    M. Cenariu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to evaluate three embryo biopsy techniques used for preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD in cattle and to recommend the least invasive one for current use, especially when PGD is followed by embryo cryopreservation. Three hundred bovine embryos were biopsied by either one of the needle, aspiration or microblade method, and then checked for viability by freezing/thawing and transplantation to recipient cows. The number of pregnancies obtained after the transfer of biopsied frozen/thawed embryos was assessed 30 days later using ultrasounds. The results were significantly different between the three biopsy methods: the pregnancy rate was of 57% in cows that received embryos biopsied by needle, 43% in cows that received embryos biopsied by aspiration, and 31% in cows that received embryos biopsied by microblade. Choosing an adequate biopsy method is therefore of great importance in embryos that will undergo subsequent cryopreservation, as it significantly influences their viability after thawing.

  9. Diagnosis of pancreatic tumors by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    José Celso Ardengh; César Vivian Lopes; Luiz Felipe Pereira de Lima; Juliano Rodrigues de Oliveira; Filadelfio Venco; Giulio Cesare Santo; Jose Luiz Pimenta Modena

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) for pancreatic solid tumors larger or smaller than 3 cm, and cystic lesions.METHODS: From January/1997 to December/2006, 611 patients with pancreatic tumors were subjected to EUS-FNA. The final diagnosis was obtained either by surgery (356 cases) or after a mean clinical follow-up of 11.8 mo in the remaining patients.RESULTS: There were 405 solid tumors, 189 cystic lesions and 17 mixed. Pancreatic specimens for cytological assessment were successfully obtained by EUS-FNA in 595 (97.4%) cases. There were 352 (57.6%) malignancies and 259 (42.4%) benign tumors. Among the malignancies, pancreatic adenocarcinomas accounted for 67% of the lesions. Overall, the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracy of EUS-FNA were, respectively, 78.4%, 99.2%, 99.3%, 77.2% and 87.2%. Specifically for solid tumors, the same parameters for neoplasms larger and smaller than 3 cm were, respectively, 78.8% vs 82.4%, 100% vs 98.4%, 100% vs 99%, 54.8% vs 74.1% and 83.1% vs 87.8%. For cystic lesions, the values were, respectively, 72.2%, 99.3%, 97.5%, 91% and 92.2%.CONCLUSION: EUS-FNA can be used to sample pancreatic tumors in most patients. Even though the negative predictive value is inadequate for large solid tumors, the results are rather good for small solid tumors, especially concerning the sensitivity, negative predictive value and diagnostic accuracy. Among all pancreatic lesions, EUS-FNA for cystic lesions can reveal the best negative predictive value and diagnostic accuracy, both higher than 90%.

  10. An analysis of of the ultrasound findings of false negative cases for an initial ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jee Young; Jung, So Lyung; Kim, Bum Soo; Ahn, Kook Jin; Hahn, Seong Tae [College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-09-15

    To analyze the ultrasonographic (US) findings of thyroid nodules that yielded false negative results after an initial ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). Between August 2003 and February 2006, 389 patients with 405 thyroid nodules received a repeat US-guided FNAB. We retrospectively reviewed the US findings, cytology results and postsurgical pathological results. The cytology diagnoses were classified as benign, a suspicious malignancy, a follicular neoplasm, a papillary carcinoma, and a non-diagnostic result. The US findings of the thyroid nodules were analyzed with regard to size, internal content, shape, margin, echogenecity, and calcification pattern. Of the 405 thyroid nodules, 17 nodules were false negative. The major US findings of these nodules were a solid internal component in 16 nodules, hypoechogenicity or marked hypoechogenicity in 14 nodules, microcalcifications in 12 nodules, an ovoid to round shape in 9 nodules and a well-defined smooth margin in 9 nodules. An repeat US-guided FNAB should be performed if the thyroid nodules have one of the malignant US features such as hypoechogenecity or marked hypoechogenecity, a microcalcification, a taller than wide shape or a well-defined spiculate margin although the cytology results indicated a benign lesion. In addition, thyroid nodules with findings of a well-defined smooth margin, ovoid to round shape, and solid internal component might also be subject to a repeat US-guided FNAB to exclude a malignancy.

  11. Comparison of Ultrasonography and Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in the Diagnosis of Malignant Breast Lesions

    OpenAIRE

    Takhellambam, Yumjaobabu Singh; Lourembam, Sunil Singh; Sapam, Opendro Singh; Kshetrimayum, Raju Singh; Ningthoujam, Bhubon Singh; Khan, Tousif

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Breast cancer is the most common cancer of women worldwide and usually presents as lump in the breast. Ultrasonography and Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) are two investigational tools often used to differentiate malignant breast lump from benign one.

  12. Endosonography vs conventional bronchoscopy for the diagnosis of sarcoidosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    von Bartheld, Martin B; Dekkers, Olaf M; Szlubowski, Artur;

    2013-01-01

    Tissue verification of noncaseating granulomas is recommended for the diagnosis of sarcoidosis. Bronchoscopy with transbronchial lung biopsies, the current diagnostic standard, has moderate sensitivity in assessing granulomas. Endosonography with intrathoracic nodal aspiration appears to be a pro...

  13. Melanoma-specific marker expression in skin biopsy tissues as a tool to facilitate melanoma diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexandrescu, Doru T; Kauffman, C Lisa; Jatkoe, Timothy A; Hartmann, Dan P; Vener, Tatiana; Wang, Haiying; Derecho, Carlo; Rajpurohit, Yashoda; Wang, Yixin; Palma, John F

    2010-07-01

    Diagnosis of cutaneous melanoma requires accurate differentiation of true malignant tumors from highly atypical lesions, which lack the capacity to develop uncontrolled proliferation and to metastasize. We used melanoma markers from previous work to differentiate benign and atypical lesions from melanoma using paraffin-embedded tissue. This critical step in diagnosis generates the most uncertainty and discrepancy between dermatopathologists. A total of 193 biopsy tissues were selected: 47 melanomas, 48 benign nevi, and 98 atypical/suspicious, including 48 atypical nevi and 50 melanomas as later assigned by expert dermatopathologists. Performance for SILV, GDF15, and L1CAM normalized to TYR in unequivocal melanoma versus benign nevi resulted in an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.94, 0.67, and 0.5, respectively. SILV also differentiated atypical cases classified as melanoma from atypical nevi with an AUC=0.74. Furthermore, SILV showed a significant difference between suspicious melanoma and each suspicious atypia group: melanoma versus severe atypia and melanoma versus moderate atypia had P-values of 0.0077 and 0.0009, respectively. SILV showed clear discrimination between melanoma and benign unequivocal cases as well as between different atypia subgroups in the group of suspicious samples. The role and potential utility of this molecular assay as an adjunct to the morphological diagnosis of melanoma are discussed.

  14. [Utility of bone marrow biopsy in the diagnosis of myeloproliferative neoplasm].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tovar-Bobadilla, José Leonard; Ortiz-Hidalgo, Carlos

    2016-01-01

    A diagnostic approach of myeloproliferative neoplasms, according to the 2008 WHO classification system for hematological malignancies, has to consider clinical, molecular, and cytogenetic information as well as bone marrow histology. A diagnosis of chronic myeloid leukemia requires the presence of BCR-ABL-1, and the Philadelphia chromosome-negative (Ph-1-negative) myeloproliferative neoplasms constitute three main subtypes, including primary myelofibrosis, polycythemia rubra vera, and essential thrombocythemia. These three Ph-1-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms share many pathogenic characteristic such as JAK2 mutations; however, they differ in prognosis, progression to myelofibrosis, and risk of leukemic transformation. There are currently various major points of interest in bone marrow examination in myeloproliferative neoplasms. One is the morphology of megakaryocytes, which are the hallmark of Ph-1-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms and play a crucial role in separating the different subtypes of myeloproliferative neoplasms. Another is reticulin fibrosis or collagen fibrosis, which may only be detected on a bone marrow biopsy specimen by reticulin and trichrome stains, respectively, and immunohistochemistry and certain molecular techniques may be applied in bone marrow biopsies as supporting evidence of certain features of myeloproliferative neoplasms. PMID:27335198

  15. Clinical Usefulness of the Serological Gastric Biopsy for the Diagnosis of Chronic Autoimmune Gastritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Antico

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To assess the predictive value for chronic autoimmune gastritis (AIG of the combined assay of anti-parietal-cell antibodies (PCA, anti-intrinsic-factor antibodies (IFA, anti-Helicobacter pylori (Hp antibodies, and measurement of blood gastrin. Methods. We studied 181 consecutive patients with anemia, due to iron deficiency resistant to oral replacement therapy or to vitamin B12 deficiency. Results. 83 patients (45.8% tested positive for PCA and underwent gastroscopy with multiple gastric biopsies. On the basis of the histological diagnosis, PCA-positive patients were divided into 4 groups: (1 30 patients with chronic atrophic gastritis; they had high concentrations of PCA and gastrin and no detectable IFA; (2 14 subjects with metaplastic gastric atrophy; they had high PCA, IFA, and gastrin; (3 18 patients with nonspecific lymphocytic inflammation with increased PCA, normal gastrin levels, and absence of IFA; (4 21 patients with multifocal atrophic gastritis with “borderline” PCA, normal gastrin, absence of IFA and presence of anti-Hp in 100% of the cases. Conclusions. The assay of four serological markers proved particularly effective in the diagnostic classification of gastritis and highly correlated with the histological profile. As such, this laboratory diagnostic profile may be considered an authentic “serological biopsy.”

  16. [The role of fine-needle aspiration in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marrazzo, Antonio; Casà, Luigi; David, Massimo; Lo Gerfo, Domenico; Noto, Antonio; Taormina, Piera

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of fine-needle aspiration of thyroid nodules. From January 1978 to December 2003, 497 patients underwent fine-needle aspiration of thyroid nodules and then thyroidectomy. Fine-needle aspiration was performed with a fine 23-25 gauge and the aspirate was fixed and dyed with May-Grounwald-Giemsa method. The results of cytology were divided into four groups: positive for malignancy (77 patients), negative for malignancy (370 patients), suspect for malignancy (34 patients) and not diagnostic (16 patients). Suspect specimens also included follicular neoplasm and Hürthle cell neoplasm. Fine-needle aspiration results were compared with histopathologic analysis after thyroidectomy. There were 2 false-positive (0.5%) and 5 false-negative patients (1%). Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were respectively 94.7%, 99% and 98.4%. This study confirms that fine-needle aspiration of thyroid nodules can be performed easily with high sensitivity, specificity and accuracy. PMID:15832740

  17. Impact of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle biopsy for diagnosis of pancreatic masses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Julio Iglesias-Garcia; Enrique Dominguez-Munoz; Antonio Lozano-Leon; Ihab Abdulkader; Jose Larino-Noia; Jose Antunez; Jeronimo Forteza

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of histological evaluation of pancreatic tissue samples obtained by a modified method for recovering and processing the endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) material in the differential diagnosis of pancreatic solid masses.METHODS: Sixty-two consecutive patients with pancreatic masses were prospectively studied. EUS was performed by the linear scanning Pentax FG-38UX echoendoscope. Three FNAs (22G needle) were carried out during each procedure. The materials obtained with first and second punctures were processed for cytological study. Materials of the third puncture were recovered into 10% formol solution by careful injection of saline solution through the needle, and processed for histological study.RESULTS: Length of the core specimen obtained for histological analysis was 6.5 + 5.3 mm (range 1-22 mm).Cytological and histological samples were considered as adequate in 51 (82.3%) and 52 cases (83.9%), respectively. Overall sensitivity of both pancreatic cytology and histology for diagnosis of malignancy was 68.4%. Contrary to cytology, histology was able to diagnose tumours other than adenocarcinomas, and all cases of inflammatory masses. Combination of cytology and histology allowed obtaining an adequate sample in 56 cases (90.3%),with a global sensitivity of 84.21%, specificity of 100%and an overall accuracy of 90.32%. The complication rate was 1.6%.CONCLUSION: Adequate pancreatic core specimens for histological examination can be obtained by EUS-guided FNA. This technique is mainly useful for the diagnosis of different types of pancreatic tumours and evaluation of benign diseases.

  18. Fine needle aspiration of the thyroid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thyroid nodule fine needle aspirate biopsy; Biopsy - thyroid - skinny-needle; Skinny-needle thyroid biopsy ... cleaned. A thin needle is inserted into the thyroid, and a sample of thyroid cells and fluid ...

  19. Liver biopsy interpretation in the differential diagnosis of autoimmune liver disease in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Gerosa

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Autoimmune liver disease  (AILD represents a group of complex inflammatory liver diseases, all characterized by an aberrant autoreactivity against hepatocytes and/or biliary structures. AILD may be subclassified into four major diseases: autoimmune hepatitis (AIH, primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC, primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC, and autoimmune cholangitis (AIC. Recently a new entity frequently associated with autoimmune pancreatitis and defined IgG4-related cholangitis (IgG4-RC,  has been added to the spectrum of AILD. The most frequent autoimmune liver diseases  of the AILD spectrum occurring in children and in young adults are  AIH  and PSC, overlap syndrome between AIH and PSC, also defined as autoimmune sclerosing cholangitis (ASC, representing a frequent finding in pediatric patients. Here,  the morphological findings that may help liver pathologists in the differential diagnosis of AILD in pediatric patients are reviewed, underlying the frequency in liver biopsy interpretation of complex cases in which a precise diagnosis may remain controversial, due to overlap of hepatocytic and bile duct cell lesions. Among the multiple morphological changes typical of AILD,  the detection of an high number of plasma cell clusters in the portal and periportal regions is generally considered one of the main clue for the diagnosis of AIH. The recent report in a 13-year old  boy of IgG4-associated cholangitis, induces  pathologists when detecting a huge number of plasmacells, to consider the differential diagnosis between AIH and IgG4-RC.Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Neonatology · Cagliari (Italy · October 23rd-26th, 2013 · Learned lessons, changing practice and cutting-edge research

  20. Biopsy of parotid masses: Review of current techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Haldar, Sananda; Sinnott, Joseph D; Tekeli, Kemal M; Turner, Samuel S; Howlett, David C.

    2016-01-01

    Definitive diagnosis of parotid gland masses is required optimal management planning and for prognosis. There is controversy over whether fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) or ultrasound guided core biopsy (USCB) should be the standard for obtaining a biopsy. The aim of this review is to assess the current evidence available to assess the benefits of each technique and also to assess the use of intra-operative frozen section (IOFS). Literature searches were performed using pubmed and goog...

  1. Usefulness of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration in the diagnosis of hepatic, gallbladder and biliary tract Lesions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ghassan; M; Hammoud; Ashraf; Almashhrawi; Jamal; A; Ibdah

    2014-01-01

    Endoscopic ultrasound(EUS)-guided fine needle aspira-tion(FNA) of the liver is a safe procedure in the diag-nosis and staging of hepatobiliary malignancies with a minimal major complication rate. EUS-FNA is useful for liver lesions poorly accessible to other imaging modali-ties of the liver. EUS-guided FNA of biliary neoplasia and malignant biliary stricture is superior to the con-ventional endoscopic brushing and biopsy.

  2. Imprint cytology on microcalcifications excised by Vacuum-Assisted Breast Biopsy: A rapid preliminary diagnosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fotou, Maria; Oikonomou, Vassiliki; Zagouri, Flora; Sergentanis, Theodoros N; Nonni, Afroditi; Athanassiadou, Pauline; Drouveli, Theodora; atsouris, Efstratios; Kotzia, Evagelia; Zografos, George C

    2007-01-01

    Background To evaluate imprint cytology in the context of specimens with microcalcifications derived from Vacuum-Assisted Breast Biopsy (VABB). Patients and methods A total of 93 women with microcalcifications BI-RADS 3 and 4 underwent VABB and imprint samples were examined. VABB was performed on Fischer's table using 11-gauge Mammotome vacuum probes. A mammogram of the cores after the procedure confirmed the excision of microcalcifications. For the application of imprint cytology, the cores with microcalcifications confirmed by mammogram were gently rolled against glass microscope slides and thus imprint smears were made. For rapid preliminary diagnosis Diff-Quick stain, modified Papanicolaou stain and May Grunwald Giemsa were used. Afterwards, the core was dipped into a CytoRich Red Collection fluid for a few seconds in order to obtain samples with the use of the specimen wash. After the completion of cytological procedures, the core was prepared for routine histological study. The pathologist was blind to the preliminary cytological results. The cytological and pathological diagnoses were comparatively evaluated. Results According to the pathological examination, 73 lesions were benign, 15 lesions were carcinomas (12 ductal carcinomas in situ, 3 invasive ductal carcinomas), and 5 lesions were precursor: 3 cases of atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) and 2 cases of lobular neoplasia (LN). The observed sensitivity and specificity of the cytological imprints for cancer were 100% (one-sided, 97.5% CI: 78.2%–100%). Only one case of ADH could be detected by imprint cytology. Neither of the two LN cases was detected by the imprints. The imprints were uninformative in 11 out of 93 cases (11.8%). There was no uninformative case among women with malignancy. Conclusion Imprint cytology provides a rapid, accurate preliminary diagnosis in a few minutes. This method might contribute to the diagnosis of early breast cancer and possibly attenuates patients' anxiety. PMID

  3. Sural nerve biopsy in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy: Are supportive pathologic criteria useful in diagnosis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kulkarni Girish

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : According to American Academy of Neurology (AAN criteria, demonstration of demyelination in the sural nerve by teased fiber or ultrastructure is considered mandatory for diagnosis of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathies (CIDP. In resource-restricted settings where these techniques are not freely available, it is useful to determine the utility of ′supportive′ pathologic criteria (subperineurial edema, inflammation, onion bulb formation, and demyelination proposed by AAN for diagnosis of CIDP. Settings and Design : Tertiary care hospital, retrospective study. Patients and Methods : Forty-six patients with idiopathic CIDP (32 with progressive course and 14 with relapsing-remitting course satisfying AAN clinical and electrophysiologic criteria evaluated between January 1991 and August 2004 were reviewed. Frequency of specific pathological alterations such as demyelination, inflammation, onion bulb formation, and axonal changes in sural nerve biopsies was evaluated. Statistical Analysis : SPSS statistical package was used to calculate mean, range, and standard deviation. Student′s t test, chi-square test, and ANOVA were used for determining statistical significance. Results and Conclusion : Reduction in myelinated fiber density was most frequent (93.5%, followed by demyelination (82.8%, inflammation (58.7%, and onion bulb formation (28.3%. Endoneurial inflammation was frequent in the relapsing-remitting form and epineurial inflammation and axonal changes in those with progressive course. Greater disability at presentation, poor response to immunomodulation, and lower CSF protein levels was seen in those with axonal pathology. Pathological abnormalities were demonstrable in all (100%, whereas electrophysiological abnormalities were detected in 90.8%, suggesting that supportive histologic AAN criteria are helpful in diagnosis of CIDP.

  4. Imprint cytology on microcalcifications excised by Vacuum-Assisted Breast Biopsy: A rapid preliminary diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drouveli Theodora

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To evaluate imprint cytology in the context of specimens with microcalcifications derived from Vacuum-Assisted Breast Biopsy (VABB. Patients and methods A total of 93 women with microcalcifications BI-RADS 3 and 4 underwent VABB and imprint samples were examined. VABB was performed on Fischer's table using 11-gauge Mammotome vacuum probes. A mammogram of the cores after the procedure confirmed the excision of microcalcifications. For the application of imprint cytology, the cores with microcalcifications confirmed by mammogram were gently rolled against glass microscope slides and thus imprint smears were made. For rapid preliminary diagnosis Diff-Quick stain, modified Papanicolaou stain and May Grunwald Giemsa were used. Afterwards, the core was dipped into a CytoRich Red Collection fluid for a few seconds in order to obtain samples with the use of the specimen wash. After the completion of cytological procedures, the core was prepared for routine histological study. The pathologist was blind to the preliminary cytological results. The cytological and pathological diagnoses were comparatively evaluated. Results According to the pathological examination, 73 lesions were benign, 15 lesions were carcinomas (12 ductal carcinomas in situ, 3 invasive ductal carcinomas, and 5 lesions were precursor: 3 cases of atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH and 2 cases of lobular neoplasia (LN. The observed sensitivity and specificity of the cytological imprints for cancer were 100% (one-sided, 97.5% CI: 78.2%–100%. Only one case of ADH could be detected by imprint cytology. Neither of the two LN cases was detected by the imprints. The imprints were uninformative in 11 out of 93 cases (11.8%. There was no uninformative case among women with malignancy. Conclusion Imprint cytology provides a rapid, accurate preliminary diagnosis in a few minutes. This method might contribute to the diagnosis of early breast cancer and possibly attenuates

  5. Diagnosis of Rosai-Dorfman Disease in Elderly Female on Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meher Aziz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD is a rare benign disorder of histiocytic proliferation that usually presents with bilateral cervical lymphadenopathy in children. We describe the case of a 50-year-old lady suffering from this disease who presented with generalized lymphadenopathy and a left sided chest wall lump. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC from all the lesions showed abundant benign histiocytes with lymphophagocytosis which was compatible with the diagnosis of RDD. This case is being reported for its rarity in presentation in an elderly female with both generalized nodal as well as extranodal manifestations.

  6. Role of fine needle aspiration cytology and cell block in diagnosis of scar endometriosis: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sashibhusan Dash

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Presence of endometrial glands and stroma in places other than the uterus is called endometriosis. It can be pelvic or extra-pelvic. Abdominal scar endometriosis is an extra-pelvic endometriosis that can occur after surgery involving the uterus. Post-caesarean section, scar endometriosis is a rare event. The diagnosis is frequently made only after excision of disease tissue. We present a case of post-caesarean section abdominal scar endometriosis presenting as a tumor on the abdominal wall, which was diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology and confirmed by cell block preparation.

  7. Ultrasound-Guided Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy of Thyroid Nodules Smaller Than 5 mm in the Maximum Diameter: Assessment of Efficacy and Pathological Findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Dong Wook; Park, Auh Whan; Lee, Eun Joo; Choo, Hye Jung; Kim, Sang Hyo; Lee, Sang Hyub; Eom, Jae Wook [Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-10-15

    The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of the use of an ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB) to diagnose thyroid nodules smaller than 5 mm in the maximum diameter and to evaluate pathological findings of small thyroid malignancies. From May 2007 to April 2008, we evaluated the findings of US-FNABs of small thyroid nodules less than 5 mm in the maximum diameter. The cytopathological findings were retrospectively reviewed and the diagnostic performance of the use of an US-FNAB was examined in all patients. Of 201 small thyroid nodules in 180 patients, there were 162 adequate specimens (81%). Among 180 patients, 75 patients underwent thyroid surgery and 50 malignant and 33 benign nodules were identified based on a pathological examination. All small malignant thyroid nodules were identified as papillary thyroid microcarcinomas (PTMCs). There were 34 (55%) true positive, 0 (0%) false positive, 23 (37%) true negative and five (8%) false negative results for malignancy after performing a first US-FNAB in 62 surgically confirmed nodules. The sensitivity (87%), specificity (100%), positive predictive value (100%), negative predictive value (82%), accuracy (92%), false positive rate (0%) and false negative rate (8%) for an US-FNAB were determined. In 23 patients with a primary PTMC, capsular invasion (9%, 2 of 23), a perithyroidal lymph node metastasis (30%, 7 of 23), the rate of multifocality (9%, 2 of 23) and bilaterality (4%, 1 of 23) were also determined. An US-FNAB of thyroid nodules smaller than 5 mm in the maximum diameter is an effective diagnostic procedure.

  8. Histopathologic Findings Related to the Indeterminate or Inadequate Results of Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy and Correlation with Ultrasonographic Findings in Papillary Thyroid Carcinomas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, So Lyung; Jung, Chan Kwon; Kim, Sung Hun; Kang, Bong Joo; Ahn, Kook Jin; Kim, Bum Soo; Ahn, Myeong Im; Im, Dong Jun; Bae, Ja Sung; Chung, Soo Kyo [Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-04-15

    To determine histopathologic findings related to the indeterminate or inadequate result of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) in papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs) and to correlate histopathological findings with ultrasonographic features of tumors. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of FNAB, histopathologic characteristics, and sonographic findings of the solid portion of 95 PTCs in 95 patients. All cases were pathologically confirmed by surgery. Histopathologic characteristics were analyzed for tumor distribution, microcystic changes, fibrosis, and tumor component. We assumed several histopathologic conditions to be the cause of indeterminate or inadequate results of FNAB, including: 1) an uneven tumor distribution, 2) > 30% microcystic changes, 3) > 30% fibrosis, and 4) < 30% tumor component. Ultrasonographic findings of each PTC were evaluated for echotexture (homogeneous or heterogeneous), echogenicity (markedly hypoechoic, hypoechoic, isoechoic, or hyperechoic), and volume of the nodule. We correlated histopathologic characteristics of the PTC with results of the FNAB and ultrasonographic findings. From 95 FNABs, 71 cases (74%) were confirmed with malignancy or suspicious malignancy (PTCs), 21 (22%) had indeterminate results (atypical cells), and three (4%) were negative for malignancy. None of the assumed variables influenced the diagnostic accuracy of FNAB. Tumor distribution and fibrosis were statistically correlated with ultrasonographic findings of the PTCs (p < 0.05). Uneven tumor distribution was related with small tumor volume, and fibrosis over 30% was correlated with homogeneous echotexture, markedly hypoechoic and hypoechoic echogenicity, and small tumor volume (p < 0.05). No histopathologic component was found to correlate with improper results of FNAB in PTCs. In contrast, two histopathologic characteristics, uneven distribution and fibrosis, were correlated with ultrasonographic findings.

  9. Predictive value of intratumoral heterogeneity of F-18 FDG uptake for characterization of thyroid nodules according to Bethesda categories of fine needle aspiration biopsy results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Seong-Jang; Chang, Samuel

    2015-12-01

    The current study was aimed to investigate the clinical value of intratumoral heterogeneity of F-18 FDG uptake for characterization of thyroid nodule (TN) with inconclusive fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) results. The current study enrolled 200 patients who showed F-18 FDG incidentaloma and were performed FNAB. The intratumoral heterogeneity of F-18 FDG uptake was represented as the heterogeneity factor (HF), defined as the derivative (dV/dT) of a volume-threshold function for a primary tumor. The diagnostic and predictive values of HF and F-18 FDG PET/CT parameters were evaluated for characterization of inconclusive FNAB results. Among F-18 FDG PET/CT parameters, SUVmax, MTV, and TLG of malignant group were statistically higher than those of Bethesda category of suspicious malignant group. However, HF values were not statistically different between the groups of Bethesda categories (Kruskal-Wallis statistics, 9.924; p = 0.0774). In ROC analysis, when HF > 2.751 was used as cut-off value, the sensitivity and specificity for prediction of malignant TN were 100 % (95 % CI 69.2-100 %) and 60 % (95 % CI 42.1-76.1 %), respectively. The AUC was 0.826 (95 % CI 0.684-0.922) and standard error was 0.0648 (p F-18 FDG uptake represented by HF could be a predictor for characterization of TN with inconclusive FNAB results. Additional large population-based prospective studies are needed to validate the diagnostic utility of HF of F-18 FDG PET/CT.

  10. Punção aspirativa por agulha fina guiada por ultra-sonografia de nódulos tireoidianos: estudo de 63 casos Ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy of thyroid nodules: study of 63 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Andrade Tinoco de Souza

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho foi revisada a técnica empregada na execução da punção aspirativa por agulha fina guiada por ultra-sonografia, e são descritos os seus benefícios no diagnóstico de nódulos tireoidianos. Foram realizadas punções aspirativas por agulha fina em 63 pacientes do Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, encaminhados ao Serviço de Radiodiagnóstico, no período de agosto de 2001 a junho de 2002. Dos 63 pacientes estudados, 58 (92% eram do sexo feminino e cinco (8% eram do sexo masculino, com uma relação mulher/homem de cerca de 11:1. Trinta e um pacientes (49% se situaram na quinta e sexta décadas de vida. Oitenta e nove por cento dos pacientes apresentaram-se com nódulos múltiplos ao exame ecográfico; apenas 11% dos pacientes tinham nódulo único. Em relação aos laudos citológicos dos nódulos puncionados, 47% foram benignos, 31%, suspeitos, 17%, inadequados e apenas 5%, malignos. Todos os nódulos malignos (três pacientes tiveram o diagnóstico citológico de carcinoma papilífero. Dos nódulos benignos, 93% foram diagnosticados como hiperplasia nodular e apenas 7% tiveram diagnóstico de tireoidite. Dos laudos considerados inadequados, 70% foram considerados hemorrágicos, sendo 30% considerados hipocelulares. Os dados encontrados no nosso trabalho estiveram de acordo com os encontrados na literatura médica.In this study we reviewed the technique for ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy and its benefits in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration was performed in 63 patients referred to the Department of Radiology of "Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro", Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, between August 2001 and June 2002. Fifty-eight (92% of the patients were female and five patients (8% were male; 11:1 female/male ratio. Thirty-one patients (49% had 50-60 years of age and 89

  11. Comparison of renal allograft (AG) biopsy diagnosis and temporal quantitation of Tc-99m sulfur colloid (SC) in clinically suspected AG rejection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    George, E.A.; Brown, W.N.; Carney, K.; Naidu, R.G.; Palmer, D.C.

    1984-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of temporal quantitation of SC compared to tissue diagnosis of AG needle biopsy (Bx). The principal clinical criteria for patient selection were sequential or persistent reduction (at least 40-50%) of AG function as determined by serial serum creatinine levels. Thirty-four AG recipients were examined with SC and subsequent AG Bx in 37 instances. %SC AG accumulation and bone marrow extraction were interpreted in view of the significant sequential of persistent reduction of Ag function. Each AG Bx was collected from multiple needle aspirates and processed for light microscopy and immunoflorescent staining. Bx and SC exam were evaluated for acute rejection (AR), chronic rejection (CR) or other, non-rejection pathology. Acute tissue changes superimposed on chronic were regarded as AR. Acute tissue changes and % SC AG accumulation in the rejection range were graded as mild, moderate and marked. In AR there was 28/28 agreement of Bx and SC diagnosis; of which 7/28 were superimposed on CR. In Cr Bx and SC agreed in 3/7 instances, in 3/7 SC Dx was AR and in 1/7 SC exam was normal. Sensitivity and specificity of the SC diagnosis in this series was 100% and 63% for AR, 43% and 100% for CR and 97% and 100% in all instances of rejection. Bx and SC grading of AR agreed in 64%. In conclusion, temporal quantitation of SC demonstrated overall good correlation with AG Bx diagnosis in this series. The poor sensitivity of 43% of SC in Cr and only 64% correlation in grading AR may be due to inherent Bx sampling and SC data analysis error.

  12. Image-guided percutaneous needle biopsy in cancer diagnosis and staging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Sanjay; Madoff, David C

    2007-06-01

    Image-guided percutaneous biopsy is a well-established and safe technique and plays a crucial role in management of cancer patients. Improvements in needle designs, development of new biopsy techniques, and continual advances in image-guidance technology have improved the safety and efficacy of the procedure. Lesions previously considered relatively inaccessible can now be safely biopsied. In this article, we review the various needle types, biopsy techniques, methods of safely assessing difficult-to-reach lesions, the advantages and disadvantages of various imaging modalities, and specific biopsy techniques applicable to different regions of the body. PMID:18070687

  13. Analysis of the BRAFV600E Mutation in Thyroid Nodules: the Preoperative Diagnostic Role of Fine-needle Aspiration Biopsy for Patients with Papillary Thyroid Cancer and Its Impact on Patient Care

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Ji Yeon; Hong, Hyun Sook; Lee, Eun Hye; Kim, Chul Hee; Kwak, Jeong Ja; Lee, Seung Won; Kim, Jae Wook [Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-06-15

    We wanted to evaluate the frequency of BRAFV600E mutations on the preoperative fine-needle aspiration biopsies (FNAB) of thyroid nodules and the effect of this on the accuracy of diagnosing papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). We also wanted to evaluate the influence of BRAFV600E analysis on patient care. The results of cytology and BRAFV600E mutation analysis of 190 thyroid nodules were retrospectively reviewed. The results of the cytology and BRAFV600E analysis were compared with the histopathological diagnosis for the surgically confirmed cases, and we calculated the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and the diagnostic accuracy of FNAB and combining the modalities of FNAB and BRAFV600E mutation. The frequency of BRAFV600E mutation according to age and the influence of BRAFV600E analysis on patient care were studied. The nodule size was compared between the malignant and other categories of BRAFV600E positive nodules. Seventy four percent of the PTC were BRAFV600E positive. BRAFV600E analysis increased the sensitivity, NPP and diagnostic accuracy of FNAB. Fifty percent of the BRAFV600E positive nodules with other than malignant cytology received surgery and these were confirmed to be PTC. The frequency of BRAFV600E mutation increased with age, which was statistically significant. There was a statistically significant difference in the nodule size between the cytologically malignant nodules and the other nodules. BRAFV600E analysis increased the diagnostic accuracy of FNAB and it should be considered as being complementary to cytological analysis. The frequency of the BRAFV600E mutation increased with age. The size of the malignant nodules was larger than that of the benign nodules

  14. Beyond Diagnosis: Evolving Prostate Biopsy in the Era of Focal Therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. L. Dominguez-Escrig

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite decades of use as the “gold standard” in the detection of prostate cancer, the optimal biopsy regimen is still not universally agreed upon. While important aspects such as the need for laterally placed biopsies and the importance of apical cancer are known, repeated studies have shown significant patients with cancer on subsequent biopsy when the original biopsy was negative and an ongoing suspicion of cancer remained. Attempts to maximise the effectiveness of repeat biopsies have given rise to the alternate approaches of saturation biopsy and the transperineal approach. Recent interest in focal treatment of prostate cancer has further highlighted the need for accurate detection of prostate cancer, and in response, the introduction of transperineal template-guided biopsy. While the saturation biopsy approach and the transperineal template approach increase the detection rate of cancer in men with a previous negative biopsy and appear to have acceptable morbidity, there is a lack of clinical trials evaluating the different biopsy strategies. This paper reviews the evolution of prostatic biopsy and current controversies.

  15. Diagnostic accuracy of endoscopic biopsies for the diagnosis of gastrointestinal follicular lymphoma: a clinicopathologic study of 48 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwamuro, Masaya; Okada, Hiroyuki; Takata, Katsuyoshi; Nose, Soichiro; Miyatani, Katsuya; Yoshino, Tadashi; Yamamoto, Kazuhide

    2014-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to reveal the diagnostic accuracy of initial pathologic assessment of biopsied samples in patients with gastrointestinal follicular lymphoma lesions. A total of 48 patients with follicular lymphoma (Lugano system stage I: n = 30; II1: n = 4; II2: n = 4; IV: n = 10) with gastrointestinal involvement who underwent endoscopic biopsy were enrolled and retrospectively reviewed. Nine (18.8%) of the 48 patients were not appropriately diagnosed as having follicular lymphoma at the initial biopsy. The initial pathological diagnosis included extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (n = 4), necrotic tissue (n = 2), duodenitis (n = 1), or suspected lymphoma of unspecified subtype (n = 2). The reasons for these inappropriate diagnoses were insufficient histopathologic analysis lacking CD10 and BCL2 staining (n = 7) and unsuitable biopsy samples taken from erosions or ulcers that contained scanty lymphoma cells or no lymphoid follicles (n = 2). In conclusion, incomplete histopathologic analysis and unsuitable biopsy samples are pitfalls in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal follicular lymphoma. PMID:24513028

  16. Biopsy techniques for intraocular tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pukhraj Rishi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Biopsy involves the surgical removal of a tissue specimen for histopathologic evaluation. Most intraocular tumors are reliably diagnosed based on the clinical evaluation or with noninvasive diagnostic techniques. However, accurately diagnosing a small percentage of tumors can be challenging. A tissue biopsy is thus needed to establish a definitive diagnosis and plan the requisite treatment. From fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB to surgical excision, all tissue collection techniques have been studied in the literature. Each technique has its indications and limitations. FNAB has been reported to provide for 88-95% reliable and safe ophthalmic tumor diagnosis and has gained popularity for prognostic purposes and providing eye conserving treatment surgeries. The technique and instrumentation for biopsy vary depending upon the tissue involved (retina, choroid, subretinal space, vitreous, and aqueous, suspected diagnosis, size, location, associated retinal detachment, and clarity of the media. The cytopathologist confers a very important role in diagnosis and their assistance plays a key role in managing and planning the treatment for malignancies.

  17. Biopsy techniques for intraocular tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rishi, Pukhraj; Dhami, Abhinav; Biswas, Jyotirmay

    2016-06-01

    Biopsy involves the surgical removal of a tissue specimen for histopathologic evaluation. Most intraocular tumors are reliably diagnosed based on the clinical evaluation or with noninvasive diagnostic techniques. However, accurately diagnosing a small percentage of tumors can be challenging. A tissue biopsy is thus needed to establish a definitive diagnosis and plan the requisite treatment. From fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) to surgical excision, all tissue collection techniques have been studied in the literature. Each technique has its indications and limitations. FNAB has been reported to provide for 88-95% reliable and safe ophthalmic tumor diagnosis and has gained popularity for prognostic purposes and providing eye conserving treatment surgeries. The technique and instrumentation for biopsy vary depending upon the tissue involved (retina, choroid, subretinal space, vitreous, and aqueous), suspected diagnosis, size, location, associated retinal detachment, and clarity of the media. The cytopathologist confers a very important role in diagnosis and their assistance plays a key role in managing and planning the treatment for malignancies. PMID:27488148

  18. Aspiration-related lung diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prather, Andrew D; Smith, Tristan R; Poletto, Dana M; Tavora, Fabio; Chung, Jonathan H; Nallamshetty, Leelakrishna; Hazelton, Todd R; Rojas, Carlos A

    2014-09-01

    Aspiration is a common but underrecognized clinicopathologic entity, with varied radiographic manifestations. Aspiration represents a spectrum of diseases, including diffuse aspiration bronchiolitis, aspiration pneumonitis, airway obstruction by foreign body, exogenous lipoid pneumonia, interstitial fibrosis, and aspiration pneumonia with or without lung abscess formation. Many patients who aspirate do not present with disease, suggesting that pathophysiology is related to a variety of factors, including decreased levels of consciousness, dysphagia, impaired mucociliary clearance, composition of aspirate, and impaired host defenses. In this pictorial essay, we will review the different types of aspiration lung diseases, focusing on their imaging features and differential diagnosis. PMID:24911122

  19. Diagnosis of Aelurostrongylus abstrusus verminous pneumonia via sonography-guided fine-needle pulmonary parenchymal aspiration in a cat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Gambino

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Case summary A 9-year-old, male neutered, indoor–outdoor domestic shorthair cat from the northern Alabama countryside presented for a 3 week history of coughing, lethargy and an episode of self-resolving dyspnea that occurred 1 week prior to presentation. Three-view thoracic radiographs revealed a moderate-to-severe, diffuse, mixed bronchial to structured interstitial (miliary-to-nodular pulmonary pattern in all lung lobes with peribronchial cuffing and multifocal areas of mild patchy alveolar opacity. Ultrasound-guided evaluation and fine-needle aspiration of the caudodorsal lung parenchyma was performed with sedation. Cytology revealed many widely scattered Aelurostrongylus abstrusus larvae and ova. Upon the confirmed diagnosis of A abstrusus verminous pneumonia, treatment with fenbendazole and selamectin resulted in complete resolution of clinical signs within 6 weeks of the initial diagnosis. Relevance and novel information We report herein the first documented case in the Americas of A abstrusus verminous pneumonia diagnosed via cytologic evaluation of an in vivo, percutaneous ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspirate of affected lung. Additionally, to our knowledge, we offer the first account of the sonographic (pulmonary features of the disease.

  20. Endobronchial Ultrasound-guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration 
in the Diagnosis of Intrathoracic Metastasis from Extrapulmonary Malignancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiayuan SUN

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA has been widely applied in diagnosing mediastinal and hilar adenopathy. This study is further to evaluate value and safety of EBUS-TBNA in diagnosing intrathoracic metastasis from extrapulmonary malignancy. Methods Prospectively analysis of 41 patients suspected intrathoracic metastasis from previous diagnosed/concurrent extrapulmonary malignancies in Shanghai Chest Hospital, with radiologic findings showing mediastinal/hilar lymph node enlargement or intrapulmonary lesion requiring EBUS-TBNA examination for pathological diagnosis. Results 41 candidate patients enrolled, and 67 mediastinal/hilar lymph nodes and 5 intrapulmonary lesions were aspirated. 14 intrathoracic metastasis, 10 primary lung cancer, 9 reactive lymphadenitis, 4 sarcoid-like reactions, and 1 tuberculosis was diagnosed by EBUS-TBNA. Sensitivity and accuracy of EBUS-TBNA in diagnosing intrathoracic metastasis was 87.50% and 95.12%, respectively. Immunohistochemistry (IHC was performed in 18 malignant tumors to obtain definite type or origin, twelve intrathoracic metastasis and 6 primary lung cancer were further confirmed. Conclusion EBUS-TBNA is a safe, effective method for the diagnosis of intrathoracic metastasis from extrapulmonary malignancy. IHC can provide additional evidence for distinguishing extrapulmonary malignancy from primary lung cancer.

  1. Does length of prostate biopsy cores have an impact on diagnosis of prostate cancer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ergün, Müslüm; İslamoğlu, Ekrem; Yalçınkaya, Soner; Tokgöz, Hüsnü; Savaş, Murat

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate whether core length is a significant biopsy parameter in the detection of prostate cancer. Material and methods We retrospectively analyzed pathology reports of the specimens of 188 patients diagnosed with prostate cancer who had undergone initial transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided prostate biopsy, and compared biopsy core lengths of the patients with, and without prostate cancer. The biopsy specimens of prostate cancer patients were divided into 3 groups according to core length, and the data obtained were compared (Group 1; total core length 20 mm). Biopsy core lengths of the patients diagnosed as prostate cancer, and benign prostatic hyperplasia were compared, and a certain cut-off value for core length with optimal diagnostic sensitivity and specificity for prostate cancer was calculated. Results Mean age, PSA and total length of cores were 65.08±7.41 years, 9.82±6.34 ng/mL and 11.2±0.2 mm, respectively. Assessment of biopsy core lengths showed that cores with cancer (n=993, median length 12.5 mm) were significantly longer than benign cores (n=1185, median length=11.3 mm) (pcancer (odds ratio: 1.08). Conclusion Biopsy core length is one of the most important parameter that determines the quality of biopsy and detection of prostate cancer. A median sample length of 12 mm is ideal lower limit for cancer detection, and biopsy procedures which yield shorter biopsy cores should be repeated. PMID:27635285

  2. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology diagnosis of solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas:A case report and literature review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    We describe the clinical, imaging and cytopathological features of solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas (SPTP) diagnosed by endoscopic ultrasoundguided (EUS-guided) fine-needle aspiration (FNA). A 17-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with complaints of an unexplained episodic abdominal pain for 2 mo and a short history of hypertension in the endocrinology clinic. Clinical laboratory examinations revealed polycystic ovary syndrome, splenomegaly and low serum amylase and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)levels. Computed tomography (CT) analysis revealed a mass of the pancreatic tail with solid and cystic consistency. EUS confirmed the mass, both in body and tail of the pancreas, with distinct borders, which caused dilation of the peripheral part of the pancreatic duct (major diameter 3.7 mm). The patient underwent EUS-FNA. EUS-FNA cytology specimens consisted of single cells and aggregates of uniform malignant cells,forming microadenoid structures, branching, papillary clusters with delicate fibrovascular cores and nuclear overlapping. Naked capillaries were also seen. The nuclei of malignant cells were round or oval, eccentric with fine granular chromatin, small nucleoli and nuclear grooves in some of them. The malignant cells were periodic acid Schiff (PAS)-Alcian blue (+) and immunocytochemically they were vimentin (+), CA 19.9 (+), synaptophysin (+), chromogranin (-), neuro-specific enolase (-), a1-antitrypsin and a1-antichymotrypsin focal positive.Cytologic findings were strongly suggestive of SPTP.Biopsy confirmed the above cytologic diagnosis. EUS-guided FNA diagnosis of SPTP is accurate. EUS findings,cytomorphologic features and immunostains of cell block help distinguish SPTP from pancreatic endocrine tumors,acinar cell carcinoma and papillary mucinous carcinoma.

  3. Ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of retroperitoneal masses: A study of 85 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mangal Nidhi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The diagnosis of retroperitoneal lesions is one of the most difficult areas in surgical pathology. The retroperitoneal space allows both primary and metastatic tumors to grow silently before the appearance of clinical signs and symptoms. Fine needle aspiration cytology has shown promising role in establishing the diagnosis in this region. Objectives: This study was undertaken to evaluate the reliability of ultrasonography (USG-guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC in distinguishing between benign and malignant lesions in the retroperitoneum, and to correlate the diagnosis by cytology of retroperitoneal masses with the results obtained by histology. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out on 85 patients presenting over the last five years with retroperitoneal masses on ultrasound. Results: Out of 85 cases, 32 were of kidney, 27 of lymph nodes, 24 of retroperitoneal soft tissues, and two were of the adrenals. Malignant lesions (47 were more common than nonmalignant lesions (38. In the kidney, the maximum number of cases were of renal cell carcinoma (12-38%, followed by Wilm′s tumor (6-19%, pyonephrosis (5-16%, renal cyst (4, angiomyolipoma (2, cortical pseudotumor (2, and tuberculosis (1. Out of 27 cases of retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy, 12 cases (44% were of metastatic carcinoma followed by non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma (8-30%, tuberculosis (6-22%, and Hodgkin′s lymphoma (1. The two cases of the adrenals were of angiomyolipoma and metastatic carcinoma. Among the 24 soft tissue tumors in the study, seven (29% were malignant and 17 (71% were benign (lipoma being the most common benign neoplasm. Results from histopathological investigations were available in 47 cases, out of which 45 were consistent with the FNAC-based diagnoses. Two cases for which the histopathological results were inconsistent with the FNAC diagnoses, were of renal cell carcinoma, which had been diagnosed as renal cysts on cytology. Conclusions: USG

  4. Diagnosis of cryptococcal lymphadenitis in HIV infected patient on fine needle aspiration Cytology: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Amit H Agravat; Gharia, Amit A; Gauravi A Dhruva

    2014-01-01

    Cryptococcal infection most commonly affects the lung, meninges and skin. The involvement of lymph node in cryptococcosis is considered to be rare and is usually observed in cases where the disease is very widely disseminated. Disseminated cryptococcosis is a life threatening disease seen more commonly in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or other forms of immune suppression. We report a case of AIDS with cryptococcal lymphadenitis, diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cy...

  5. Bronchoscopic needle aspiration in the diagnosis of mediastinal lymphadenopathy and staging of lung cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Punamiya Vikas; Mehta Ankur; Chhajed Prashant

    2010-01-01

    Transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) has the potential to allow adequate mediastinal staging of non-small cell lung cancer with enlarged lymph nodes in most patients without the need for mediastinoscopy. Metastasis to the mediastinal lymph nodes is one of the most important factors in determining resectability and prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer. The importance of TBNA as a tool for diagnosing intrathoracic lymphadenopathy as well as in the staging of lung cancer has been reported ...

  6. Endosonography vs conventional bronchoscopy for the diagnosis of sarcoidosis: the GRANULOMA randomized clinical trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bartheld, M.B. von; Dekkers, O.M.; Szlubowski, A.; Eberhardt, R.; Herth, F.J.; Veen, J.C. In 't; Jong, Y.P. de; Heijden, E. van der; Tournoy, K.G.; Claussen, M.; Blink, B. van den; Shah, P.L.; Zoumot, Z.; Clementsen, P.; Porsbjerg, C.; Mauad, T.; Bernardi, F.D.; Zwet, E.W. van; Rabe, K.F.; Annema, J.T.

    2013-01-01

    IMPORTANCE: Tissue verification of noncaseating granulomas is recommended for the diagnosis of sarcoidosis. Bronchoscopy with transbronchial lung biopsies, the current diagnostic standard, has moderate sensitivity in assessing granulomas. Endosonography with intrathoracic nodal aspiration appears to

  7. Liu-stain quick cytodiagnosis of ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration in diagnosis of liver tumors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chi-Sin Changchien; Jing-Houng Wang; Sheng-Nan Lu; Chao-Hung Hung; Chien-Hung Chen; Chuan-Mo Lee

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To combine ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (US-FNA) and Liu (Riu) stain to make a quick study on liver tumor lesions.METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-eight aspirations from 232 patients were completely studied. The operator himself made the quick cytodiagnosis of US-FNA smear stained by Liu method within thirty minutes. The US-FNA specimen was also sent to the pathological department for cytological study and cellblock histology. The result of our Liu-stain quick cytodiagnosis in each patient was confirmed by the final cytopathological diagnosis from pathological report.RESULTS: Among 228 samples, the quick cytodiagnosis revealed 146 malignancies, 81 benign lesions and one inadequate specimen. Cytopathological diagnosis from the pathological department revealed 150 malignancies,and 78 benign lesions. Four well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) were under-diagnosed by quick cytodiagnosis as benign and 3 benign lesions were over-diagnosed as well-differentiated HCCs. Compared with cytopathological diagnosis, quick cytodiagnosis correctly diagnosed 143 malignancies and 77 benign lesions. Except for the one inadequate specimen in quick cytodiagnosis, the accuracy of quick cytodiagnosis was 96.9% (220/227), and its sensitivity, specificity and positive and negative predictive values were 97.9%, 95.1%,97.3% and 96.3%, respectively.CONCLUSION: Liu-stain quick cytodiagnosis is a fast,convenient, safe and effective method for hepatologists in clinic practice to diagnose liver tumor. In few cases of well-differentiated HCC, Liu-stain quick cytodiagnosis has its limitation.

  8. Advances in Liquid Biopsy and its Clinical Application in the Diagnosis 
and Treatment of Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Difan ZHENG

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available With the advances of technology, great progresses have been made in liquid biopsy in recent years. Liquid biopsy is currently playing a more and more important role in early diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Compared with traditional tissue biopsy, liquid biopsy is more popular in clinical practice due to its non-invasiveness, convenience and high repeatability. It has huge potential in the future. This review introduces circulating tumor cells (CTCs and circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA as the most important objects in liquid biopsy, mainly focusing on their history, biological characteristics, detection technologies, limitations and applications in non-small cell lung cancer.

  9. KS-Detect - Validation of Solar Thermal PCR for the Diagnosis of Kaposi's Sarcoma Using Pseudo-Biopsy Samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snodgrass, Ryan; Gardner, Andrea; Jiang, Li; Fu, Cheng; Cesarman, Ethel; Erickson, David

    2016-01-01

    Resource-limited settings present unique engineering challenges for medical diagnostics. Diagnosis is often needed for those unable to reach central healthcare systems, making portability and independence from traditional energy infrastructure essential device parameters. In 2014, our group presented a microfluidic device that performed a solar-powered variant of the polymerase chain reaction, which we called solar thermal PCR. In this work, we expand on our previous effort by presenting an integrated, portable, solar thermal PCR system targeted towards the diagnosis of Kaposi's sarcoma. We call this system KS-Detect, and we now report the system's performance as a diagnostic tool using pseudo-biopsy samples made from varying concentrations of human lymphoma cell lines positive for the KS herpesvirus (KSHV). KS-Detect achieved 83% sensitivity and 70% specificity at high (≥ 10%) KSHV+ cell concentrations when diagnosing pseudo-biopsy samples by smartphone image. Using histology, we confirm that our prepared pseudo-biopsies contain similar KSHV+ cell concentrations as human biopsies positive for KS. Through our testing of samples derived from human cell lines, we validate KS-Detect as a viable, portable KS diagnostic tool, and we identify critical engineering considerations for future solar-thermal PCR devices. PMID:26799834

  10. Molecular Biologic Approach to the Diagnosis of Pancreatic Carcinoma Using Specimens Obtained by EUS-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiyohito Kato

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We review the utility of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA, a rapid, safe, cost-effective, and accurate diagnostic modality for evaluating pancreatic tumors. EUS-FNA is currently used for the diagnosis and staging of pancreatic tumors. The sensitivity of EUS-FNA for pancreatic malignancy ranges from 75% to 94%, and its specificity approaches 100% in most studies. However, EUS-FNA has some limitations in the diagnosis of well-differentiated or early-stage cancers. Recent evidence suggests that molecular biological analysis using specimens obtained by EUS-FNA improves diagnostic sensitivity and specificity, especially in borderline cytological cases. It was also reported that additional information regarding patient response to chemotherapy, surgical resectability, time to metastasis, and overall survival was acquired from the genetic analysis of specimens obtained by EUS-FNA. Other studies have revealed that the analysis of KRAS, MUC, p53, p16, S100P, SMAD4, and microRNAs is helpful in making the diagnosis of pancreatic carcinoma. In this paper, we describe the present state of genetic diagnostic techniques for use with EUS-FNA samples in pancreatic diseases. We also discuss the role of molecular biological analyses for the diagnosis of pancreatic carcinoma.

  11. Diagnosis of invasive aspergillus tracheobronchitis facilitated by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Casal Roberto F

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis is the most common form of infection by Aspergillus species among immunocompromised patients. Although this infection frequently involves the lung parenchyma, it is unusual to find it limited to the tracheobronchial tree, a condition known as invasive aspergillus tracheobronchitis. Case presentation A 65 year-old Hispanic man from Bolivia with a history of chronic lymphocytic leukemia developed cough and malaise eight months after having an allogenic stem cell transplant. A computed tomography of the chest revealed an area of diffuse soft tissue thickening around the left main stem bronchus, which was intensely fluorodeoxyglucose-avid on positron emission tomography scanning. An initial bronchoscopic exam revealed circumferential narrowing of the entire left main stem bronchus with necrotic and friable material on the medial wall. Neither aspirates from this necrotic area nor bronchial washing were diagnostic. A second bronchoscopy with endobronchial ultrasound evidenced a soft tissue thickening on the medial aspect of the left main stem bronchus underlying the area of necrosis visible endoluminally. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration performed in this area revealed multiple fungal elements suggestive of Aspergillus species. Conclusion We describe the first case of invasive aspergillus tracheobronchitis in which the diagnosis was facilitated by the use of endobronchial ultrasound guided trans-bronchial needle aspiration. To the best of our knowledge, we are also presenting the first positron emission tomography scan images of this condition in the literature. We cautiously suggest that endobronchial ultrasound imaging may be a useful tool to evaluate the degree of invasion and the involvement of vascular structures in these patients prior to bronchoscopic manipulation of the affected areas in an effort to avoid potentially fatal hemorrhage.

  12. Negative staining of mycobacteria - A clue to the diagnosis in cytological aspirates: Two case reports

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    C.S.B.R Prasad

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Large amounts of lipids present in the cell wall of mycobacteria render them impermeable to dyes used in routine stains. Special staining techniques like Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN, Auromine Rhodamine are needed to demonstrate them. However, they may appear as negatively stained ghosts in Leishman, Giemsa, Hematoxylin and Eosin stain (H and E and Gram stained smears. Awareness of this feature prompts one to look for mycobacteria by special techniques, even in the absence of cytological features of tuberculous infection like epithelioid granulomas and caseous necrosis. In this paper, we aim to present two cases showing negatively stained images in the lymphnode aspirates of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV positive patients. A study has been done of two cases of HIV positive patients with cervical lymphadenopathy. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC was carried out for them from the enlarged lymph nodes which revealed purulent material. Smears of FNAC material were prepared for histopathological examination. Fixed smears were stained with Papanicolaou stain and air dried smears were stained with Giemsa and ZN-stain and studied. Smear study showed scant cellularity, cells composed of neutrophils, lymphocytes, plasma cells and macrophages. Background was necrotic. Giemsa stained smears showed, in addition to cells mentioned, negatively stained ghostly rod shaped structures in the cytoplasm of macrophages and also in the background. ZN-stain showed numerous acid fast bacilli. Both the aspirates were signed out as tuberculous lymphadenitis. In both the cases, cultures grew Mycobacterium avium Intracellulare. Classical cytological features of tuberculosis may not be present in immunocompromised patients and on the contrary there may be suppuration rich in neutrophils or sheets of histiocytes in tuberculosis. One may miss these cases if mycobacteria are not looked for specifically by special stains. Negatively stained ghost images of Tuberculous bacilli on

  13. Biopsy developed by computerized tomography in diagnosis of clinical infections on the central nervous system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cerebral biopsy is reasonable in patients with possible degenerate and inflammatory infections of the CNS (Central Nervous System), as: leucodystrophies, encephalitis, cerebritis, Creutzfeld-Jakob illness, allowing a quick recognition and diagnostic confirmation, thus improving the treatment of these illness. Biopsy developed by computerized tomography (CT), without the use of stereotaxic guides, improves the precision of the biopsies; complications caused by surgeon as: craneotomies or biopsies by needles, protect the neuro surgeons against the risk of contamination. Biopsy by CT is a cheap making, with precision, security, and it does not scanners of high generation. The technic above explained, although resumed to injuries bigger than an inch and quarter of cortico subcortical locality, gives the patients a certain benefit with injuries completely accessible in our environment. (author)

  14. Utility of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in Diagnosis of Soft Tissue Lesions with Histopathological Correlation

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    Rasool Zubaida

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available 100 cases of Soft tissue lesions were studied by Fine Needle Cytology (FNAC and subsequently correlated by Histopathological examination and Immunohistochemical staining. The study revealed that 55% of the cases were benign soft tissue tumour masses, 34% were benign soft tissue tumour like masses and 11% were malignant soft tissue lesions. The accuracy determined by the histopathological examination for benign soft tissue masses was 94.38% and in 100%malignant soft tissue lesions. The discordance of 5.62% in the benign soft tissue masses was due to aspiration of inadequate material and loss of architectural pattern. Hence, excision with histopathological examination is mandatory in such cases.

  15. 超声引导下穿刺粗针病理学和细胞学及细针细胞学在甲状腺微小结节中的诊断价值%Evaluation of the efficacy and the limitation of ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy, core-needle aspiration and fine-needle aspiration in micro-nodules of thyroid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张少航; 牛丽娟

    2014-01-01

    目的 研究超声引导下粗针病理学检查(ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy,USCNB)、粗针细胞学检查(ultrasound-guided core-needle aspiration,US-CNA)及细针细胞学检查(ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration,US-FNA)在甲状腺微小结节诊断中的价值.方法 对92例超声诊断为可疑恶性的甲状腺微小结节患者的92个结节进行穿刺.所有病例经手术治疗有病理证实.其中52例行US-CNB及US-FNA;另外40例行US-CNA及US-FNA.结果 52例行US-CNB和US-FNA患者中,41例US-CNB取材不满意,11例取材满意,且诊断与术后病理符合;52例US-FNA取材均满意,均有明确诊断,6例与术后病理不符,46例与术后病理符合.40例行US-CNA、US-FNA的患者中,26例US-CNA取材成功,14例取材失败或欠满意;36例US-FNA取材成功,4例取材失败或欠满意.92例US-FNA对于鉴别甲状腺微小良、恶性结节的敏感度、特异度、阳性预测值、阴性预测值、符合率分别为93.4%、86.7%、97.3%、72.2%、92.3%.结论 US-FNA是甲状腺微小结节的术前穿刺最有价值的活检方式.%Objective To evaluate the efficacy and the limitation of ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy,ultrasound-guided core-needle aspiration and ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration in micronodules of thyroid.Methods A retrospective was performed in 92 patients with suspectable malignent micro-nodules in thyroid.Of them,52 patients underwent US-CNB and US-FNA and 40 patients underwent US-CNA and US-FNA.The diagnoses for the micro-nodules were identified by histopathlogical examination after surgery.Result Among 52 cases with both US-CNB and US-FNA,41 got nondiagnostic US-CNB and 11 cases successfully got the correct diagnoses of US-CNB ; 6 cases got the incorrect diagnosis of US-FNA and 46 cases got the correct diagnosis of US-FNA.Of 40 cases with US-CNA and US-FNA,unsatisfactory specimen of US-CNA occurred in 14 cases and satisfactory specimen of US-CNA were got in 26 cases

  16. Unusual, metastatic, or neuroendocrine tumor of the pancreas: A diagnosis with endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration and immunohistochemistry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad A Eloubeidi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim: To determine the yield of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA in combination with immunostains in diagnosing unusual solid pancreatic masses (USPM in comparison with pancreatic adenocarcinoma (ACP. Patients and Methods: All EUS-FNA of solid pancreatic masses performed with a 22-gauge needle were included. Data on clinical presentations, mass characteristics, presence of pancreatitis, yield of tissue, and final diagnosis were compared between the two groups. On site cytopathology was provided and additional passes were requested to perform immunostains. Results : Two hundred and twenty-nine cases with either adenocarcinoma or USPM were included. The median age of the cohort was 65 years. ACP (210/229, 92% accounted for the majority of the cases. The USPM included neuroendocrine (NET masses (n=13, metastatic renal carcinoma (n=3, metastatic melanoma (n=1, lymphoma (n=1, and malignant fibrous histiocytoma (n=1. Subjects with ACP were significantly more likely to present with loss of weight (P=0.02 or obstructive jaundice (P<0.001. Subjects with ACP were more likely to have suspicious/atypical FNA biopsy results as compared with USPM (10% vs 0%. The sensitivity of EUS-FNA with immunostains was 93% in ACP as compared with 100% in USPM. Diagnostic accuracy was higher in USPM as compared with ACP (100% vs 93%. Conclusions: EUS-FNA using a 22-gauge needle with immunostains has excellent diagnostic yield in patients with USPMs, which is comparable if not superior to the yield in pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

  17. ROLE OF FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION CYTOLOGY (FNAC IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF SKIN AND SUBCUTANEOUS LESIONS: A RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gautam

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Cytopathology of skin has been established to be useful in the diagnosis of several skin lesions. This study aims to evaluate cytopathology as a quick non-invasive method for early diagnosis of different skin conditions including neoplastic and non-neoplastic. Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC is a simple and rapid diagnostic technique. The present study is a retrospective analysis of 356 patients who were cytologically evaluated for various skin and superficial soft tissue lesions over a period of four years (W. E. F. January 2012 to December 2015 in the Department of Dermatology and Pathology of Tripura Medical College and Dr. BRAM Teaching Hospital. Amongst the 356 cases reported, 170 cases were non-neoplastic and 186 were reported as neoplastic skin lesions. Out of 186 neoplastic lesions, 134 (72.04% were benign in nature and rest of the cases were malignant, i.e. only 52 cases (27.95%. Commonest non-neoplastic lesion epidermal inclusion cyst followed by acute suppurative lesions. Other lesions which were commonly reported in our study were Granulomatous lesions. It has been observed that FNAC performed carefully, skilfully with proper selection of cases leads to an early diagnosis in majority of the skin lesions.

  18. Applying machine learning approaches to improving the accuracy of breast-tumour diagnosis via fine needle aspiration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Qian-fei; CAI Cong-zhong; XIAO Han-guang; LIU Xing-hua

    2007-01-01

    Diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer have been improved during the last decade; however, breast cancer is still a leading cause of death among women in the whole world. Early detection and accurate diagnosis of this disease has been demonstrated an approach to long survival of the patients. As an attempt to develop a reliable diagnosing method for breast cancer, we integrated support vector machine (SVM), k-nearest neighbor and probabilistic neural network into a complex machine learning approach to detect malignant breast tumour through a set of indicators consisting of age and ten cellular features of fine-needle aspiration of breast which were ranked according to signal-to-noise ratio to identify determinants distinguishing benign breast tumours from malignant ones. The method turned out to significantly improve the diagnosis, with a sensitivity of 94.04%, a specificity of 97.37%, and an overall accuracy up to 96.24% when SVM was adopted with the sigmoid kernel function under 5-fold cross validation. The results suggest that SVM is a promising methodology to be further developed into a practical adjunct implement to help discerning benign and malignant breast tumours and thus reduce the incidence of misdiagnosis.

  19. Recurrence of a Pancreatic Cystic Lymphangioma After Diagnosis and Complete Drainage by Endoscopic Ultrasound with Fine-Needle Aspiration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nabil M Mansour

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Context Lymphangiomas are uncommon benign neoplasms that result from a blockage of the lymphatic system. Pancreatic cystic lymphangiomas are extremely rare. Pancreatic cystic lymphangiomas have been classically diagnosed on histopathologic examination following surgical excision, but recent reports have demonstrated successful diagnosis using endoscopic ultrasound with fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA. Data on the natural history of these lesions following drainage via EUS-FNA are lacking. We present a case of successful initial diagnosis and drainage of a pancreatic cystic lymphangioma using EUS-FNA, with unfortunate recurrence of the lesion four months later. Case report A 50-year-old female was evaluated for epigastric abdominal pain and nausea. CT scan revealed a 4 cm retroperitoneal cystic lesion. EUS-FNA was performed with complete drainage of the lesion using a 22-gauge needle. Twenty-five mL of chylous white fluid was obtained with laboratory analysis consistent with a pancreatic cystic lymphangioma. The patient was symptom-free for 4 months following drainage, but eventually had symptoms again with a CT scan confirming recurrence. Conclusions While EUS-FNA is effective for the diagnosis of pancreatic cystic lymphangiomas, its role in the management of these lesions is questionable. Temporary relief of symptoms can be achieved after EUS-guided drainage, but recurrence is a concern. Definitive cure likely requires complete surgical excision.

  20. 42 Cases of Clinical Research on CT-guided Transbronchial Needle Aspira-tion Biopsy of Mediastinal Lymph Nodes%胸部 CT 影像学支持下经电子支气管镜纵隔淋巴结针吸活检42例临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周锦添

    2014-01-01

    目的:研究胸部CT影像学支持下电子支气管镜纵隔淋巴结针吸活检术的应用和临床效果。方法研究通过将我院2009年1月~2011年12月接诊的纵隔淋巴结肿大的患者42例作为研究对象,使用电子支气管镜下针吸活检对纵隔淋巴结肿大的病因诊断率达近70%。结果经活检病理学分析作出诊断的纵隔淋巴结为29例,诊断率为69.05%,13例为未明确诊断。其中恶性肿瘤最多有21例,占总数的50%。所有42例患者均无严重并发症而终止手术。结论电子支气管镜在胸部CT影像学支持下纵隔淋巴结针吸活检,诊断率高,适合疾病的诊断及肿瘤分期,是一种值得推广的诊断技术。%Objective To study the clinical application of CT -guided transbronchial needle aspiration biopsy of me-diastinal lymph nodes(TBNA).Methods CT-guided TBNA was performed on 42 patients with enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes , which were admitted by our hospital from January 2009 to December 2011.Results 29 cases were suc-cessfully diagnosed by mediastinal lymph node biopsy , with diagnosis rate of 69.05%, in which malignant tumors ac-counted for a majority as 50%with 21 cases, while 13 cases remained unclear.None of the 42 surgeries was terminated by serious complications .Conclusions Mediastinal lymph nodes biopsy performed by CT -guided transbronchial needle aspiration is a worthy diagnostic technique , in disease diagnosis and tumor staging , with a high diagnosis rate .

  1. Efficacy of ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy in the diagnosis of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis: a retrospective analysis

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    Bulakci Mesut

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data, laboratory results, imaging findings, and histopathological features of 28 patients who underwent ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy from a hepatic lesion and were diagnosed with alveolar echinococcosis. Results: Among 28 patients included in the study, 16 were females and 12 were males. The mean age of the studied population was 53 ± 16 years, and the age range was 18–79 years. The most common presenting symptom was abdominal pain, which was observed in 14 patients. A total of 36 lesions were detected in the patients’ livers, out of which 7 had a cystic appearance. Hepatic vascular involvement, bile duct involvement, and other organ involvement were depicted in 14, 5, and 7 patients, respectively. The average number of cores taken from the lesions was 2.7, ranging between 2 and 5. In histopathological evaluation, PAS+ parasitic membrane structures were visualized on a necrotic background in all cases. Regarding seven patients, who were operated, the pathological findings of preoperative percutaneous biopsies were in perfect agreement with the pathological examinations after surgical resections. None of the patients developed major complications after biopsy. Conclusion: Ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy is a minimally invasive, reliable, and effective diagnostic tool for the definitive diagnosis of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis.

  2. Renal graft biopsy assists diagnosis and treatment of renal allograft dysfunction after kidney transplantation: a report of 106 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Yong; Guo, Hui; Cai, Ming; Xiao, Li; Wang, Qiang; Xu, Xiaoguang; Huang, Haiyan; Shi, Bingyi

    2015-01-01

    Acute antibody mediated rejection (AMR) is one of the most important complications after kidney transplantation. Renal graft biopsy is safe and reliable without adverse effects on the patients and transplanted kidneys, which was of great instructive significance in diagnosis and treatment of renal allograft dysfunction after renal transplantation. This paper reported a case series of 106 patients underwent renal allograft biopsies. All biopsies were evaluated according to the Banff 2007 schema. 52 examples were obtained within 1 month after transplantation, and there were another 20 examples in one to two months and other 34 examples in two to three months. Appropriate therapy was applied and clinical outcomes were observed. All patients received renal biopsies and anti-inflammatory and hemostasis treatment without complications. There were 2 cases of hyperacute rejection, and 15 cases of acute AMR. All Paraffin-embedded samples were stained by HE, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS), Masson, and immunohistochemistry (C4d, cd20, cd45RO, SV40). All samples were found C4d immunohistochemical staining positive. Patients with acute AMR were managed by steroid intravenous pulse therapy, Rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin intravenous pulse therapy, anti CD20 monoclonal antibody intravenous therapy and so on. Two cases of hyperacute rejection had renal failure, and received kidney excision; 12 cases in 15 cases of AMR recovered, another 2 cases did not recover with high-level creatine, and other 2 cases of renal allograft received excision.

  3. Biopsia en enfermedad intersticial pulmonar Lung biopsy for the diagnosis of interstitial lung disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Quadrelli

    2007-12-01

    retrospectively analyzed. There was no difference in mean hospital stay, intensive care unit stay and duration of chest tube drainage in patients with VATS (n = 52 compared with those undergoing open thoracotomy (n = 17. Complications rate (22.2% vs. 21.0%, p = 1.0000 and operating mortality (9.2 vs. 15.7%, p = 0.2738 were also similar. Overall, complications occurred in 16 patients (22.5%. Thirty-day mortality rate was 11.2% (n = 8. Prevalence of immunosupression (4/8 vs. 9/63, p = 0.0325 was significantly higher in the group of patients who died. No surviving patients had higher values of plasmatic urea (50 ± 20.1 mg/dl vs. 31.2 ± 10.3 mg/dl, p = 0.0013 or lower values of preoperative oxygen saturation (SaO2: 82.7 ± 14.8% vs. 92.8 ± 3.4%, (p = 0.0009. Eleven patients had an acute illness. Those patients did not show a higher complication rate (4/11 vs. 10/45, p = 0.4390 but mortality was significantly higher (4/11, 36.3% vs. 3/45, 7.1%, p = 0.0223. Biopsy allowed a specific histologic diagnosis in 100% of patients and changed therapy in 66.7%. We conclude that surgical lung biopsy is a safe and useful procedure in patients with ILD. However the higher mortality rate in patients with acute symptoms, immunocompromise, or in respiratory failure must be balanced against potential benefits of altering treatment decisions.

  4. Percutaneous core biopsy of palpable breast lesions: accuracy of frozen section histopathological exam in the diagnosis of breast cancer

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    Roberto Luiz Carvalhosa Dos Santos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the accuracy of frozen section histopathology from fragments of tissue obtained by percutaneous core needle biopsy of palpable tumors in the diagnosis of breast cancer. METHODS: a cohort study was performed on 57 patients with palpable tumors and suspected breast cancer undergoing percutaneous thick needle core biopsy. The fragments were analyzed by the same pathologist. RESULTS: frozen section diagnosed 16 benign cases (28.6% and 40 malignant (71.4%, whereas paraffin showed that 15 were benign (26.8% and 41 malignant (73.2%. Histopathological examinations were concordant in 55 cases and there was one false-negative (6.2%. Statistics rates were: negative predictive value of 93.8%, positive predictive value of 100%, no false-positive (0%, one false negative (6.2%, specificity of 100%, sensitivity of 97 6%; observed agreement = 98.2%; expected agreement = 59.9%, Kappa = 0.955 [ 95% CI = 0.925-0.974, p < 0.01 ]. CONCLUSIONS: frozen section histopathological findings showed excellent correlation with the findings by the technique in paraffin in the fragments of palpable breast tumors obtained by thick needle percutaneous core biopsy (98.2% accuracy. Therefore, in these patients, it was possible to anticipate the diagnosis, staging and the breast cancer treatment planning.

  5. A Comparison of Vertical and Transverse Sections in the Histological Diagnosis of Alopecia Areata Scalp Biopsy Specimens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Kanika; Sharma, Sonal; Singh, Usha Rani; Bhattacharya, Sambit Nath

    2016-01-01

    Context: Both vertical and transverse sections are used for the diagnosis of alopecia areata. However when a single biopsy is submitted the pathologist has to decide which type is better. Aims: To compare the diagnostic histological features in vertical and transverse sections in alopecia areata scalp biopsy specimens. Settings and Design: Tertiary Care Hospital. Comparative Study. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 patients were enrolled in the study. Two four mm punch biopsy were taken. One was used to take vertical sections and the other for transverse section and histological features of alopecia areata noted in both. Statistical Analysis Used: Chi-square test, percentage. Results: Diagnosis of alopecia areata could be made in 30 (100%) cases in transverse sections and 28 cases (93.3%) in vertical sections. The number of hair follicles available for evaluation was more in the transverse section. Nanogen follicles and miniaturization of follicles were better visualized in the transverse sections. However the catagen and telogen follicles were noted in both vertical and transverse sections but the number and the ratio of anagen and telogen hair follicles could be better assessed in the transverse sections. Presence of peribulbar lymphocytic infiltrate, eosinophils and pigment casts were noted in both transverse and vertical sections. Conclusions: Transverse sections provide a better assessment of the histological features of alopecia areata than vertical sections and thus should be preferred. PMID:27625562

  6. The value of mammography, color doppler ultrasound and biopsy in diagnosis of early breast cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the diagnostic value of mammography, color Doppler ultrasound and biopsy in early breast cancer and to evaluate its diagnostic accuracy. Methods: 55 patients with breast cancer and 25 patients with benign breast masses, proved pathologically, were checked by mammography, color Doppler ultrasound and biopsy. Results: Mammography demonstrated breast cancer in 45 cases, the sensitivity and specificity were 82.0% and 88.0%, respectively, with the accuracy of 83.8%; Color Doppler ultrasound revealed breast cancer in 43 cases, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 78.2%, 84.0% and 80.0%; Biopsy demonstrated breast cancer in 53 cases, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 96.4%, 92.0% and 95.0%. When ultrasound, mammography and biopsy were combined together, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 98.2%, 96.0% and 97.5%. Conclusion: Mammography, color Doppler ultrasound combined with biopsy can increase the diagnostic sensitivity and accuracy of early breast cancers

  7. Immunohistochemical staining for thyroid peroxidase (TPO) of needle core biopsies in the diagnosis of scintigraphically cold thyroid nodules

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yousaf, U.; Christensen, Lars Høj; Rasmussen, A.K.;

    2008-01-01

    , but the procedure has its limitations in a routine setting. PURPOSE: To improve diagnosis and reduce surgery rate, the FNAC procedure was replaced by needle core biopsy (NCB), which was routinely stained for TPO by the monoclonal antibody mAb 47. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During a 5-year period 427 consecutive...... patients with a cold thyroid nodule were evaluated by ultrasound-guided NCB, which had been routinely stained for TPO in an automated immunostainer. Sensitivity and specificity and predictive values of the TPO immunostaining were estimated, based on the final diagnosis obtained from surgical resection....... RESULTS: The majority of nodules with benign NCB diagnosis were not surgically removed, and thus a subgroup of 140 operated nodules formed the basis for the calculations. Sensitivity and specificity for benign and malignant lesions were 100% if the oxyphilic variant of adenomas and minimally invasive...

  8. Lung cancer tissue diagnosis in poor lung function: addressing the ongoing percutaneous lung biopsy FEV1 paradox using Heimlich valve.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdullah, R; Tavare, A N; Creamer, A; Creer, D; Vancheeswaran, R; Hare, S S

    2016-08-01

    Many centres continue to decline percutaneous lung biopsy (PLB) in patients with poor lung function (particularly FEV1 pneumothorax. This practice limits access to novel lung cancer therapies and minimally invasive surgical techniques. Our retrospective single-centre analysis of 212 patients undergoing PLB, all performed prospectively and blinded to lung function, demonstrates that using ambulatory Heimlich valve chest drain (HVCD) to treat significant postbiopsy pneumothorax facilitates safe, diagnostic, early discharge lung biopsy irrespective of lung function with neither FEV1 pneumothorax outcomes. Incorporating ambulatory HVCD into standard PLB practice thereby elegantly bridges the gap that currently exists between tissue diagnosis in patients with poor lung function and the advanced therapeutic options available for this cohort. PMID:26980011

  9. Fine needle biopsy of abdominal organs in dogs -- indications, contraindications and performance technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glińska-Suchocka, K; Jankowski, M; Kubiak, K; Spuzak, J; Dzimira, S; Nicpoń, J

    2013-01-01

    Recent years have seen in both human and veterinary medicine the development of numerous techniques allowing for evaluation and classification of changes in individual organs and tissues. Despite introduction of such techniques into diagnostics as among others, CT, MRI, CEUS or elastography, biopsy is still considered a "golden standard" and it is a procedure performed in order to obtain a final diagnosis. There are many biopsy techniques, such as fine needle aspiration biopsy, core biopsy as well as methods of performing a procedure, e.g. blind biopsy, biopsy under USG control and biopsy during laparotomy. In the article usefulness of biopsy techniques in relation to diagnostics of individual abdominal organ, as well as the procedure technique, contraindication and complications are discussed. PMID:24597324

  10. [Are non-invasive tests going to replace liver biopsy for diagnosis of liver fibrosis?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Restellini, Sophie; Spahr, Laurent

    2012-06-27

    Liver fibrosis is associated with chronic liver diseases, and may evolve into cirrhosis that may be complicated by liver failure and portal hypertension. Detection and quantification of liver fibrosis is a key point in the follow-up of patients with chronic liver diseases. Liver biopsy is the gold standard method to assess and quantify fibrosis, but its invasiveness is a limiting factor in everyday clinical practice. Non invasive markers using either biological or radiological parameters have been developed and may decrease the need for liver biopsy in some cases. However, information is limited to fibrosis, and cut-offs values and diagnostic accuracies for significant fibrosis may vary according to the etiology of liver disease. Liver biopsy allows the assessment of intermediate stages of fibrosis and describes accompanying lesions.

  11. Differential Diagnosis Value of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology on Thyroid Nodules%细针穿刺细胞学在甲状腺结节鉴别诊断中的价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张颖; 邓建平

    2015-01-01

    目的:评价细针穿刺细胞学在甲状腺结节鉴别诊断中的价值。方法选取2010年1月~2013年1月我院收治的患有甲状腺结节者95例,对比分析甲状腺结节细针穿刺后行手术治疗患者的细胞病理学与组织病理学诊断结果,评价细针穿刺细胞学检查对甲状腺结节的诊断价值。结果甲状腺结节穿刺细胞学检查与病理组织学检查的符合率分别为93.75%、84.21%、90.9%。结论细针穿刺细胞学检查在甲状腺结节诊断中有很高的价值。%Objective To evaluate the dif erential diagnosis value of fine needle aspiration cytology on thyroid nodules. Methods From January 2010 to January 2010, 95 cases patients with thyroid nodule were accepted by our hospital, after thyroid nodule fine needle puncture, cel pathology and histopathological diagnosis of thyroid nodule patients who were carried out surgerical treatment, were compared and analyzed, evaluating diagnostic value of fine needle aspiration cytology on thyroid nodule. Results The coincidence rate of thyroid nodule biopsy cytology and histologic examination was 93.75%, 84.21%and 90.9%respectively. Conclusion Fine needle puncture cytological examination has a high value in the diagnosis of thyroid nodule.

  12. Fine-needle aspiration diagnosis of breast neoplasms based on random forests%基于随机森林的乳腺肿瘤细针穿刺辅助诊断

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙伟; 张俊升; 邢培锐

    2015-01-01

    Fine needle aspiration cytology diagnosis is the most commonly used method for early diagnosis of breast neoplasms. In order to improve the accuracy rate of fine-needle aspiration breast neoplasms diagnosis, this paper proposed the methods for fine-needle aspiration diagnosis of breast neoplasms based on Random Forests ( RF) and Support Vector Machine ( SVM) . Using breast tumor fine needle biopsy cases database, RF and SVM classification algorithms were trained to get the classification model for breast neoplasms diagnose. The simulation results show that by using RF classifier, the average classification accuracy rate of ten times six-fold cross validation reaches 95. 96%, which is better than the 94. 71% of SVM classifier, the 91. 51% of Learning Vector Quantization ( LVQ) neural network and the 91. 25% of artificial neural network. Furthermore, the stability of RF classifier accuracy is better than that of SVM classifier. The final results show that RF classifier improves the accuracy and reliability of fine-needle aspiration diagnosis of breast neoplasms and provides advanced and effective method for clinical fine-needle aspiration diagnosis of breast neoplasms.%细针穿刺细胞学诊断是乳腺肿瘤早期诊断最常用的方法。为提高乳腺肿瘤细针穿刺诊断的准确率,提出了基于随机森林( RF)和支持向量机( SVM)的乳腺肿瘤细针穿刺辅助诊断方法。该方法利用乳腺肿瘤细针穿刺病例数据库,分别对随机森林( RF)、支持向量机( SVM)两种分类算法进行训练,并利用训练得到的分类模型对乳腺肿瘤进行诊断。仿真结果表明,采用RF分类器时,乳腺肿瘤诊断准确率达到95.96%,高于SVM分类器的94.71%,也高于学习向量化(LVQ)神经网络的91.51%及中人工神经网络的91.25%,且RF分类器准确率的稳定性优于SVM分类器,可靠性高。最终结果证明:采用RF分类器提高了乳腺肿瘤细针穿刺诊断的正确率和

  13. Fine-needle aspiration and Mammotome Comparison before T1 operative diagnosis of breast cancer%细针穿刺与麦默通在 T1期乳腺癌术前诊断中应用比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张苗; 童艳兰; 李扬; 李子国; 刘增亮

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of fine needle aspiration with the Mammotome breast cancer surgery in T1 before diagnosis, provide the basis for the diagnosis of breast cancer. Methods A hospital in April 2012~April 2015 admitted to surgical indications and T1 diagnosed 130 cases of breast cancer patients were analyzed, all patients underwent preopera-tive fine needle aspiration with the Mammotome minimally invasive biopsy system inspection, inspection method to observe two disadvantages. Results In the real-time performance and accuracy of diagnosis of breast cancer T1, Mammotome significantly better than fine-needle aspiration biopsy examination, the difference was significant; and Mammotome biopsy success rate and positive were significantly higher than fine-needle aspiration, the difference was significant; but Mammotome biopsy hematoma and subcutaneous congestion were significantly higher than fine-needle aspiration, the difference was significant. Conclusion Fine needle aspiration method is simple, safe, minimally invasive, the disadvantage of low positive rate, high rate of misdiag-nosis; and Mammotome biopsy method has high sensitivity, high specificity, the advantages of minimally invasive breast mass. Mammotome minimally invasive biopsy system is a safe breast lumps qualitative difficulties (including fine-needle aspiration were negative) when effective diagnostic method.%目的:探讨细针穿刺与麦默通在 T1期乳腺癌术前诊断中的效果,为乳腺癌的诊断提供依据。方法:选择本院2012年4月-2015年4月收治的有手术指征并确诊的 T1期乳腺癌患者130例进行分析,所有患者术前均进行细针穿刺与麦默通微创活检系统进行检查,观察两组检查方法的优缺点。结果:在一次性确诊 T1期乳腺癌的实际效果和准确性上,麦默通活检显著优于细针穿刺检查,差异具有统计学意义;且麦默通穿刺成功率及穿刺阳性率均显著高于细针穿

  14. ROLE OF FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION CYTOLOGY (FNAC) IN DIAGNOSIS OF ASYMPTOMATIC MICROFILARIASIS

    OpenAIRE

    Reena; Rajesh; Nitin

    2015-01-01

    Filariasis is a tropical and subtropical disease caused by Wuchereria Bancrofti and Brugia Malayi and transmitted by Culex mosquito. Lymphatic Filariasis is a major health problem in countries like India, China, Indonesia, and Africa. Diagnosis of Filari a is done by conventional methods like peripheral blood smear examination, Fluorescent capillary method and filarial antigen detection by Rapid card method. Here we present four unusual cases with swellings presented in surg...

  15. An investigation into the aspirations and experiences of newly appointed dual diagnosis workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLaughlin, D F; Sines, D; Long, A

    2008-05-01

    This qualitative, exploratory study was designed to explore a sample of eight recently appointed dual diagnosis workers' (DDWs) perceptions of their new role and function in Northern Ireland (NI). A semi-structured interview was used and respondents were assured that their anonymity/rights would be protected. All of the narratives were shown to the respondents for their approval prior to going to press. The transcripts were analysed by using a tried and tested analytical framework. Seven key categories emerged from the findings relating to the DDWs perceptions of their: (1)understanding of the term dual diagnosis; (2) hopes; (3) fears; (4) support in their new role; (5) key clinical issues; (6) the positioning of the service; and (7) their overall role and function. This is a new and important area of work in NI. However, to date, no research has been carried out on the topic in the province. Consequently, the findings from this small study could go some way towards helping to shape the future direction of, and bring about some universality to the provision of the dual diagnosis service within different National Health Service Trusts in NI. Further research is required on this new and growing service as well as on the service users' perceptions of the care provided by DDWs. The study will be followed up on an annual basis for 3 years to provide longitudinal data. Generalization of findings requires caution because of the small sample size. PMID:18387148

  16. 48. The value of CT scan and detection of telomerase activity in biopsy specimens for early diagnosis of lung carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic value of telomerase activity in the specimens of biopsy with bronchoscopy or cutting needle. Methods: Telomerase activity was measured in the biopsy apecimens taken from 52 patients suspected of having early lung cancer by CT scan. The PCR based silver staining telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) was used for detection of telomerase activity in 22 patients with early lung cancer (T1N0M0). Control study was made on the specimens taken from 24 patients with benign disease (cyst 3, TB 6, pseudtumor 5, pneumonjia 10). Results: The positive rates of telomerase activity were 86.45% (19/22) and 4.2% (1/24) in early lung cancers and benign lesions respectively (P<0.01). It was significantly higher in early lung cancers than in benign disease. All cases were diagnosed with surgical pathology and following for 2 years. Conclusion: Detecting telomerase activity in preoperative bronchoscope and cutting needle biopsy specimens may contribute to diagnosis of early lung cancer.

  17. Aspiration pneumonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anaerobic pneumonia; Aspiration of vomitus; Necrotizing pneumonia; Aspiration pneumonitis ... The type of bacteria that caused the pneumonia depends on: Your ... facility, for example) Whether you were recently hospitalized ...

  18. The Role of Convex Probe Endobronchial Ultrasound Guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration in the Diagnosis of Malignant Mediastinal and Hilar Lymph Nodes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the diagnosis of malignant lymph nodes (LNs) and staging of lung cancer, sampling of mediastinal and hilar LNs is essential. Mediastinoscopy is known as the gold standard. Convex probe (CP) endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS)-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) is a noninvasive and highly sensitive diagnostic method in mediastinal and hilar LN sampling. Evaluating the role of CP-EBUS-guided TBNA in the diagnosis of mediastinal and hilar LNs suspicious of malignancy. One hundred twenty patients with a known lung malignancy or hilar/mediastinal LNs detected by thoracic computed tomography (CT) and/or positron emission tomography (PET)-CT suspicious for malignancy were included in this prospective study. The procedure was performed by Olympus 7.5 MHz CP endoscope and EU C2000 processor by the oral route under topical anesthesia and conscious sedation. After visualization of LNs, their dimensions were recorded. Aspiration was considered as “insufficient” if there were inadequate lymphocytes on the smears. Diagnosis of “malignancy” on cytologic examination was considered as the “final diagnosis”. If diagnosis was negative for malignancy, more invasive procedures were performed to confirm the diagnosis. Twenty four females and 96 male patients (mean age, 57.8 ± 9.1) were included. A total of 177 LN stations were aspirated in 120 patients. In 82 patients, the diagnosis was malignant by EBUS-guided TBNA and in the remaining 38; the diagnosis was established by further invasive procedures. Of the 38 EBUS-guided TBNA negative patients, 28 were diagnosed as non-malignant and 10 were malignant. The sensitivity, diagnostic accuracy and negative predictive value of CP EBUS-guided TBNA were 89.1%, 91.6% and 73.6%, respectively. No major complications were seen. As an alternative method to mediastinoscopy, EBUS-guided TBNA is a safe and noninvasive procedure with high sensitivity in the diagnosis of malignant mediastinal LNs

  19. The role of conjunctival biopsy in the diagnosis of granulomatosis with polyangiitis

    OpenAIRE

    Ursea, Roxana; De Castro, Dawn; Bowen, Trent J.; Chan, Chi-Chao

    2015-01-01

    Background The purpose of this study is to describe a patient who was diagnosed with granulomatosis with polyangiitis based on conjunctival biopsy. This study is a case report and review of the literature. Findings A 48-year-old Caucasian woman presented with a 2-week history of a left eye peripheral corneal ulcer with adjacent conjunctivitis and a 4-month history of a non-resolving productive cough. Given her elevated serum perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (P-ANCA) and erythro...

  20. Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Ask about Your Diagnosis Research Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy On This Page What are lymph nodes? What ... lymph node? What is a sentinel lymph node biopsy? What happens during an SLNB? What are the ...

  1. CT Fluoroscopy-Guided Core Biopsy for Diagnosis of Small ({<=} 20 mm) Pulmonary Nodules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Hye Larn; Kim, Yoon Kyung; Woo, Ok Hee; Yong, Hwan Seok; Kang, Eun Young [Dept. of Radiology, Korea University Guro Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hyun Koo [Dept. of Thoracic Surgery, Korea University Guro Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Bong Kyung [Dept. of Pathology, Korea University Guro Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-10-15

    To evaluate the efficacy of CT fluoroscopy-guided core biopsy of small pulmonary nodules. This study included 62 patients (35 men, 27 women; age range, 36-85 years) that had a small ({<=} 20 mm) pulmonary nodule and underwent CT fluoroscopy-guided core biopsy. The overall diagnostic accuracy and complication rate were calculated. The diagnostic accuracy was compared between two groups according to the nodule size ({<=} 10 mm vs. > 10 mm), and nodule density (solid vs. subsolid). Malignant or premalignant lesions were finally diagnosed in 39 patients; 36 true-positive and three false-negative findings (sensitivity, 92%). A benign lesion was finally diagnosed in 23 patients, with no false-positive results (specificity, 100%). The overall diagnostic accuracy was 95%. The sensitivity and diagnostic accuracy were 85% and 91% for nodules {<=} 10 mm, and 96% and 97% for nodules > 10 mm (p > 0.05). The sensitivity and diagnostic accuracy were 93% and 96% in the solid group and 90% and 92% in the subsolid group (p > 0.05). Seventeen (27%) patients had a pneumothorax and two (3%) required a closed thoracostomy. CT fluoroscopy-guided core biopsy of small pulmonary nodules yields high diagnostic accuracy with acceptable complication rates.

  2. Prospective study of fine needle aspiration cytology of clinically palpable breast lump with histopathological correlation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashwin K. Hebbar

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and objectives: This study was conducted to compare the diagnostic accuracy of fine needle aspiration cytology in differentiating the benign and malignant lesions of palpable breast lump with histopathological correlation and also to study the accuracy of the needle tip localizing the tumor during fine needle aspiration cytology procedure. Methods: Two years prospective study was conducted in our institution and in that 100 patients underwent fine needle aspiration cytology of the palpable breast lump after thorough physical examination. The cytological diagnosis was classified in to 3 groups benign, suspicious and malignant. After this reporting all the patients were later subjected to open/excision biopsy and its histopathological confirmation. Later diagnostic accuracy of cytology reporting was compared with that of histopathology. Accuracy of the needle tip in localizing the tumor in fine needle aspiration cytology was also studied by comparing the normal glandular cell aspirate with tumor cell aspirate. Repeat cytology was carried out before open/excision biopsy if the pathologist reports the cytology slide as “inadequate”. Results: We had accuracy rate of 100% for benign lesion and 93.10% for malignant lesion with false negative rate of 6.9% and false positive rate of zero with fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of palpable breast lump. The overall sensitivity of fine needle aspiration in diagnosing the palpable breast lump is 93.10%, specificity is 100%, positive predictive value is 100% and negative predictive value is 90.47%. Since inadequate sampling rate is 2% in our study, the accuracy rate of needle tip in localizing the tumor in fine needle aspiration cytology is 98%. Conclusion: Since our diagnostic accuracy rate and predictive values are very high and comparable to any other published series it can be advised that the patients in which fine needle aspiration cytology is unequivocally diagnostic for

  3. Magnifying colonoscopy as a non-biopsy technique for differential diagnosis of non-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shigeharu Kato; Kuang I Fu; Yasushi Sano; Takahiro Fujii; Yutaka Saito; Takahisa Matsuda; Ikuro Koba; Shigeaki Yoshida; Takahiro Fujimori

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To clarify whether mucosal crypt patterns observed with magnifying colonoscopy are feasible to distinguish non-neoplastic polyps from neoplastic polyps.METHODS: From June 1999 through March 2000, 180consecutive patients with 210 lesions diagnosed with a magnifying colonoscope (CF-200Z, Olympus Optical Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan) were enrolled. Magnification and chromoendoscopy with 0.2% indigo-carmine dye was applied to each lesion for mucosal crypt observation.Lesions showing types Ⅰ and Ⅱ crypt patterns were considered non-neoplastic and examined histologically by biopsy, whereas lesions showing types Ⅲ to Ⅴ crypt patterns were removed endoscopically or surgically.The correlation of endoscopic diagnosis and histologic diagnosis was then investigated.RESULTS: At endoscopy, 24 lesions showed a type Ⅰ or Ⅱ pit pattern, and 186 lesions showed type Ⅲ to Ⅴ pit patterns. With histologic examination, 26 lesions were diagnosed as non-neoplastic polyps, and 184lesions were diagnosed as neoplastic polyps. The overall diagnostic accuracy was 99.1% (208/210). The sensitivity and specificity were 92.3% (24/26) and 99.8%(184/186), respectively.CONCLUSION: Magnifying colonoscopy could be used as a non-biopsy technique for differentiating neoplastic and non-neoplastic polyps.

  4. Differential diagnosis between pancreatic neuroendocrine and solid pseudopapillary neoplasms on endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raddaoui, Emad M.; Almadi, Majid A.; Aljebreen, Abdulrahman M.; Alsaif, Faisal A.; AlShedoukhy, Ahlam A.; Al-Lehibi, Abed H.; Almohameed, Khalid A.; Tsolakis, Apostolos V.; AlAbbadi, Mousa A.; Almutrafi, Amna R.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate the role of applying a limited panel of immunohistochemical stains on the cellblock preparation from samples obtained by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in the aim of differentiating solid pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPNs) from neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Methods: We retrospectively retrieved all the EUS-FNAs of the pancreas that have a diagnosis of NET or SPN that were performed at 2 tertiary care hospitals in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from May 2004 to December 2014. Diff-Quik, Papanicolaou, and Immunohistochemistry stains on cellblock preparations were performed. Results: Twenty cases were available (16 pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) and 4 SPNs). The pNETs were immunoreactive for synaptophysin, chromogranin A and CD56 while E-cadherin was diffusely to focally cytoplasmic positive. β-catenin was negative or showed focal cytoplasmic immunoreactivity. In comparison, SPNs were positive for vimentin, CD10, CD-56, focally positive for progesterone receptors and synaptophysin, and revealed nuclear immunostaining for β-catenin. They were negative for chromogranin A and E-cadherin. Conclusion: Based on EUS-FNA samples, nuclear immunoreactivity for β-catenin with loss of membranous immunostaining for E-Cadherin can potentially facilitate differentiating SPNs from pNETs. PMID:27381533

  5. How to improve the success of endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of pancreatic lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gimeno-García, Antonio Z; Elwassief, Ahmed

    2012-01-01

    Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is highly accurate for assessing the pancreatic parenchyma and ductal system. Currently, it is the most sensitive imaging procedure for detecting small solid pancreatic masses. EUS-guided fine needle aspiration cytology (EUS-FNA) is a safe and highly accurate tool for the diagnosis of pancreatic malignancy. Prior to perform an EUS-FNA one should wonder whether the benefits outweigh the potential risks of the procedure. Therefore, it is important to take into account whether the procedure will influence patient management. The diagnostic yield and success rate of EUS-FNA in pancreatic lesions varies greatly depending on many factors including: the characteristics of the lesion itself (location of the mass and consistency of the lesion), technical factors (type of needle size, use of stylet, use of suction and number of needle passes performed) and the availability of immediate cytological assessment of the specimen. The aim of this review is to analyze all these factors for optimizing specimen collection and diagnostic efficiency in dealing with solid pancreatic masses. PMID:22586548

  6. Current Concepts in the Biopsy of Musculoskeletal Tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costantino Errani

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the management of bone and soft tissue tumors, accurate diagnosis, using a combination of clinical, radiographic, and histological data, is critical to optimize outcome. On occasion, diagnosis can be made by careful history, physical examination, and images alone. However, the ultimate diagnosis usually depends on histologic analysis by an experienced pathologist. Biopsy is a very important and complex surgery in the staging process. It must be done carefully, so as not to adversely affect the outcome. Technical considerations include proper location and orientation of the biopsy incision and meticulous hemostasis. It is necessary to obtain tissue for a histological diagnosis without spreading the tumor and so compromise the treatment. Furthermore, the surgeon does not open compartmental barriers, anatomic planes, joint space, and tissue area around neurovascular bundles. Nevertheless, avoid producing a hematoma. Biopsy should be carefully planned according to the site and definitive surgery and should be performed by an orthopedic surgeon with an experience in musculoskeletal oncology who will perform the definitive surgery. Improperly done, it can complicate patient care and sometimes even eliminate treatment options. Different biopsy techniques are suitable: fine-needle aspiration, core-needle biopsy, and incisional biopsy. The choice of biopsy depends on the size, the location of the lesion, and the experience of the pathologist.

  7. Usefulness of fine-needle aspiration in the diagnosis of thyroid lesions: an institutional experience of 340 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pinki Pandey

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the results of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC in the diagnosis, its correlation with histology, to highlight its limitations and diagnostic pitfalls as well as the impact of FNAC on the decreased rate of surgery in clinically suspect thyroid lesions.Study design: FNAC was performed on 340 patients with thyroid enlargement over a period of six years. The cytological results were correlated with clinical features, thyroid function tests and histopathological examination.Results: Among non- neoplastic group, the most frequently encountered lesion was colloid goiter in 231 (67.94% cases followed by thyroiditis in 68 (20% cases, five (1.47% adenomatous goiter and four (1.17% thyroglossal cysts. Among the neoplasticgroup, twelve (3.52% cases were reported as follicular neoplasm, seven (2.05% cases as Hürthle cell neoplasm and four (1.17% as malignant tumors. The cytological and histological concordance was determined. A false positive cytologic diagnosis of neoplasms was made in five cases. Presence of Hürthle cell metaplasia, hyperplastic nodules and papillary hyperplasia were responsible for the false positive diagnoses. For the entire series, the false negative rate was 8.57% and the false positive rate was 7.14%. FNA revealed a sensitivity of 62.5%, a specificity of 90.74%, a positive predictive value of 66.66% and a negative predictive value of 89.09%.Conclusion: FNAC is thus an accurate, cost- effective, minimally invasive and reliable diagnostic tool for assessment of patients with thyroid lesions and their management.

  8. CT-guided percutaneous automated gun biopsy of pulmonary lesions : complications and diagnostic accuracy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the frequency of complications and diagnostic accuracy of CT-guided percutaneous automated gun biopsy, and to compare the results with those reported for fine needle aspiration. using automated biopsy devices, 118 CT-guided percutaneous biopsies of pulmonary lesions were performed. An 18-gauge needle was used. Final diagnosis was made with operation or other methods. We retrospectively analyzed the frequency of complications and diagnostic yields of 118 biopsies. Four of 118(3.3%) patients developed pneumothorax and two of these required chest tube insertion. Other complications were resolved spontaneously. 106 biopsies (89.8%) yielded sufficient tissue for pathologic evaluation. For cases of malignant and of benign disease, sensitivity was 91.8% and 87.7% respectively ; the corresponding figures for diagnostic accuracy were 88.5% and 78.9%. CT-guided automated gun biopsy of the pulmonary lesions is safe, with a pneumothorax rate comparable to that of fine needle aspiration. In tne absence of a trained cytologist at the time of biopsy, the diagnostic accuracy of automated gun biopsy of pulmonary lesions compared favorably with the reported accuracy of fine needle aspiration

  9. 1731例乳腺肿块细针穿刺诊断的临床应用分析%Clinical value on fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of 1 731 patients with breast lumps

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓洁

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨乳腺肿块细针穿刺细胞学检查(FNAC)的临床应用价值.方法:对2006~2010年的1 731例乳腺肿块细针穿刺细胞学检查结果进行对比分析.结果:1 731例乳腺细针穿刺病例,2009~2010年的病例及阳性病例明显高于2006~2008年,其中924例做了活检对照,恶性肿瘤敏感性为96.68%(233/241),假阴性率为3.32%(8/241),无假阳性.FNAC诊断的总准确率为 97.29%(899/924).结论:乳腺肿块细针穿刺诊断技术,操作简易、快速、安全、可靠、价格低廉,可在基层医院及乳腺癌筛查中大力推广.%Objective: To explore the clinical value of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in the diagnosis of breast lumps.Methods: A total of 1 731 patients with breast lumps from 2006 to 2010 were diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology.The results were compared and analyzed.Results: 1 731 cases were given fine needle aspiration cytology, the number of cases and positive cases from 2009 to 2010 were obviously higher than that from 2006 to 2008.924 patients were diagnosed with biopsy.The results showed that the diagnostic sensitivity of malignant tumor was 96.68% (233/241),the false negative rate was 3.32% (8/241), arid the false positive cases were of rot existing.The accurate rate of FNAC diagnostic technology was 97.29% (899/924).Conclusion; The fine needle aspiration cytology (FN AC) in diagnosing breast lumps,which is simple, fast, secure and reliable, cou ld be largely promoted in the primary hospitals and the screening of breast cancer.

  10. Percutaneous image-guided needle biopsy in children - summary of our experience with 57 children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sklair-Levy, M.; Lebensart, P.D.; Applbaum, Y.H.; Bar-Ziv, J.; Libson, E. [Dept. of Radiology, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem (Israel); Ramu, N.; Freeman, A. [Dept. of Pediatrics, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem (Israel); Gozal, D. [Dept. of Anesthesiology, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem (Israel); Dept. of Anesthesiology, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem (Israel); Gross, E. [Dept. of Pediatric Surgery, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem (Israel); Sherman, Y. [Dept. of Pathology, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem (Israel)

    2001-10-01

    Background: Percutaneous image-guided needle biopsy in children has been slower to gain acceptance than in adults where it is regarded as the standard clinical practice in screening suspicious masses. Objectives: To report our experience with percutaneous image-guided needle biopsy in the pediatric population and assess its clinical use, efficacy and limitations. Material and methods: Sixty-nine percutaneous image-guided needle biopsies were performed in 57 children. The age of the children ranged from 4 days to 14 years (mean 5.6 years). We used 16- to-20-gauge cutting-edge needles. Sixty-two biopsies were core-needle biopsies and 7 fine-needle aspiration biopsies. Results: There were 50 malignant lesions, 10 benign lesions and 2 infectious lesions. In 55 (88.7 %) lesions the needle biopsy was diagnostic. In 7 (11.3 %) the biopsy was non-diagnostic and the diagnosis was made by surgery. Core-needle biopsy was diagnostic in 47 of 50 (94 %) of the malignant solid tumors. In 3 out of 5 children with lymphoma, an accurate diagnosis was obtained with needle aspiration. Seven children underwent a repeated core-needle biopsy, (5 for Wilms' tumor and 2 for neuroblastoma) that was diagnostic in all cases. All the biopsies were performed without complications. Conclusion: Percutaneous image-guided needle biopsy is a simple, minimally invasive, safe and accurate method for the evaluation of children with suspicious masses. These data suggest that image-guided needle biopsy is an excellent tool for diagnosing solid tumors in the pediatric population. Negative studies should be considered nondiagnostic and followed by excisional surgical biopsies when clinical suspicion of malignancy is high. (orig.)

  11. Combined applications of fine needle aspiration cytology and Flow cytometric immunphenotyping for diagnosis and classification of non Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al Quallaf Aisha

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Aims and objectives In this present study we have evaluated the feasibility of sub-classification of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL cases according to World Health Organization's (WHO classification on fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC material along with flow cytometric immunotyping (FCI as an adjunct. Materials and methods In this five years study, only cases suggested or confirmed as NHL by FNAC were selected and FCI was performed with a complete panel of antibodies (CD3, CD2, CD 4, CD5, CD8, CD7, CD10, CD19, CD20, CD23, CD45, κ and λ by dual color flow cytometry. Both cytologic findings and FCI data were interpreted together to diagnose and sub-classify NHL according to WHO classification. Wherever possible the diagnoses were compared with cytology. Results There were total 48 cases included in this study. The cases were classified on FNAC as predominant small cells (12, mixed small and large cells (5 and large cells (26. In five cases a suggestion of NHL was offered on FNAC material and these cases were labeled as NHL not otherwise specified (NHL-NOS. Flow cytometry could be performed in 45 cases (93.8% and in rest of the three cases the material was inadequate because of scanty blood mixed aspirate. Light chain restriction was demonstrated in 30 cases out of 40 cases of B-NHL (75%. There were 15 cases each of κ and λ light chain restriction in these 30 cases. With the help of combined FCI and FNAC, it was possible to sub-classify 38 cases of NHL (79% according to WHO classification. Combined FNAC and FCI data helped to diagnose 9 cases of small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL, 2 cases of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL, 4 cases of follicular lymphoma (FL, 17 cases of diffuse large B lymphoma (DLBL and 6 cases of lymphoblastic lymphoma. Histopathology diagnosis was available in 31 cases of NHL out of which there were 14 recurrent and 17 cases of primary NHL. Out of 15 DLBL cases diagnosed on FCI and FNAC, histology confirmed 14 cases and

  12. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration diagnosis of secondary tumors involving the pancreas: An institution′s experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed K Alomari

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pancreatic masses may seldom represent a metastasis or secondary involvement by lymphoproliferative disorders. Recognition of this uncommon occurrence may help render an accurate diagnosis and avoid diagnostic pitfalls during endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA. In this study, we review our experience in diagnosing secondary tumors involving the pancreas. Materials and Methods: The electronic database of cytopathology archives was searched for cases of secondary tumors involving the pancreas at our institution and a total of 31 cases were identified. The corresponding clinical presentations, imaging study findings, cytological diagnoses, the results of ancillary studies, and surgical follow-up, if available, were reviewed. Results: Nineteen of the patients were male and 12 female, with a mean age of 66 years. Twenty-three patients (74% had a prior history of malignancy, with the latency ranging from 6 months to 19 years. The secondary tumors involving the pancreas included metastatic carcinoma (24 cases, metastatic sarcoma (3 cases, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (2 cases, and plasma cell neoplasm (2 cases. The most common metastatic tumors were renal cell carcinoma (8 cases and lung carcinoma (7 cases. Correct diagnoses were rendered in 29 cases (94%. The remaining two cases were misclassified as primary pancreatic carcinoma. In both cases, the patients had no known history of malignancy, and no ancillary studies were performed. Conclusions: Secondary tumors involving the pancreas can be accurately diagnosed by EUS-FNA. Recognizing uncommon cytomorphologic features, knowing prior history of malignancy, and performing ancillary studies are the keys to improve diagnostic performance and avoid diagnostic pitfalls.

  13. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in the diagnosis of non-lymph node thoracic lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huizhen Yang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA has shown excellent diagnostic capabilities for mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy. However, its value in thoracic non-lymph node lesions is less clear. This study was designed to assess the value of EBUS-TBNA in distinguishing malignant from benign thoracic non-lymph node lesions. Methods: From October 2009 to August 2011, 552 patients underwent EBUS-TBNA under local anesthesia and with conscious sedation. We retrospectively reviewed 81 of these patients who had tracheobronchial wall-adjacent intrapulmonary or isolated mediastinal non-lymph node lesions. On-site cytological evaluation was not used. Immunohistochemistry (IHC was performed to distinguish the origin or type of malignancy when necessary. Results: EBUS-TBNA was performed in 68 tracheobronchial wall-adjacent intrapulmonary and 13 isolated mediastinal non-lymph node lesions. Of the 81 patients, 77 (95.1%, 60 malignancies and 17 benignancies were diagnosed through EBUS-TBNA, including 57 primary lung cancers, 2 mediastinal tumors, 1 pulmonary metastatic adenocarcinoma, 7 inflammation, 5 tuberculosis, 3 mediastinal cysts, 1 esophageal schwannoma, and 1 focal fibrosis. There were four false-negative cases (4.9%. Of the 60 malignancies, there were 9 (15.0% which originally had no definite histologic origin or type. Thus, IHC was performed, with 7 (77.8% being subsequently confirmed. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of EBUS-TBNA in distinguishing malignant from benign lesions were 93.4% (60/64, 100% (17/17, 100% (60/60, 81.0% (17/21, and 95.1% (77/81, respectively. Conclusion: EBUS-TBNA is a safe procedure with a high sensitivity for distinguishing malignant from benign thoracic non-lymph node lesions within the reach of EBUS-TBNA, with IHC usually providing a more definitive diagnosis.

  14. The efficacy of an ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy with an 18G cutting needle for the diagnosis of pancreatic diseases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Sung Hwa; Park, Won Kyu; Chang, Jay Chun; Kim, Jae Woon; Cho, Jae Ho; Jang, Han Won; Lee, Jae Kyo; Choi, Joon Hyuk [College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-01-15

    The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of an ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy with an 18G cutting needle in patients suspected of having a pancreatic disease by analyzing the diagnostic performance and complication rate. The study population comprised 35 consecutive patients who underwent an ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy using a high-speed biopsy gun accompanied with an 18G cutting-type needle between May of 2001 and October of 2005. The diagnostic performance (i.e., the acquisition rate and diagnostic accuracy) and complications associated with core needle biopsies were evaluated for its efficacy and safety. Thirty-six sessions of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsies were performed in 35 consecutive patients. All patients, except two (serous cystadenoma and autoimmune pancreatitis) were diagnosed with various subtypes of pancreatic cancer. The acquisition rate and diagnostic accuracy were 97% (35/36) and 94% (34/36), respectively. A complication occurred only in one patient (3%), which further proved to be a delayed complication (i.e., needle tract implantation). According to our findings, the ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy is a viable and safe method for the diagnosis of pancreatic diseases. Moreover, it enables the diagnosis of the pancreatic cancer subtype.

  15. Bone Biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Physician Resources Professions Site Index A-Z Bone Biopsy Bone biopsy uses a needle and imaging guidance ... limitations of Bone Biopsy? What is a Bone Biopsy? A bone biopsy is an image-guided procedure ...

  16. A utilidade da citologia por punção com agulha fina aliada a imunofenotipagem no diagnóstico dos linfomas não-Hodgkin Diagnosis of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma combining immunophenotyping and fine needle aspiration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia P. S. Costa

    2005-03-01

    biopsy. In 85% of cases, cytology combined with immuno-phenotyping and percentage of Phase S cells allowed the correct diagnosis. In the remaining cases it was possible to differentiate T or B lymphomas and estimate their aggressiveness. The panel, although small, was sufficient in all cases except for anaplastic lymphoma. S-phase fraction was important for the diagnosis of large B-cell NHL vs. Follicular NHL. In cases of T-cell lymphomas a reliable diagnosis was only possible for lymphoblastic lymphomas. In conclusions, combined cytology and cytophotometric diagnosis of lymph node aspirations is a good alternative to histologic examination, except for T-cell lymphomas. In contrast to biopsy this method is less invasive and may be repeated if necessary.

  17. Percutaneous liver biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rustagi, Tarun; Newton, Eric; Kar, Premashish

    2010-01-01

    Percutaneous liver biopsy has been performed for more than 120 years, and remains an important diagnostic procedure for the management of hepatobiliary disorders. Modern biochemical, immunologic, and radiographic techniques have facilitated the diagnosis and management of liver diseases but have not made liver biopsy obsolete. This comprehensive review article will discuss the history of development of percutaneous liver biopsy, its indications, contraindications, complications and the various aspects of the biopsy procedure in detail.

  18. The Role of Convex Probe Endobronchial Ultrasound Guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration in the Diagnosis of Malignant Mediastinal and Hilar Lymph Nodes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benan Caglayan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In the diagnosis of malignant lymph nodes (LNs and staging of lung cancer, sampling of mediastinal and hilar LNs is essential. Mediastinoscopy is known as the gold standard. Convex probe (CP endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA is a noninvasive and highly sensitive diagnostic method in mediastinal and hilar LN sampling.Objectives: Evaluating the role of CP-EBUS-guided TBNA in the diagnosis of mediastinal and hilar LNs suspicious of malignancy.Patients and Methods: One hundred twenty patients with a known lung malignancy or hilar/mediastinal LNs detected by thoracic computed tomography (CT and/or positron emission tomography (PET-CT suspicious for malignancy were included in this prospective study. The procedure was performed by Olympus 7.5 MHz CP endoscope and EU C2000 processor by the oral route under topical anesthesia and conscious sedation. After visualization of LNs, their dimensions were recorded. Aspiration was considered as “insufficient” if there were inadequate lymphocytes on the smears. Diagnosis of “malignancy” on cytologic examination was considered as the “final diagnosis”. If diagnosis was negative for malignancy, more invasive procedures were performed to confirm the diagnosis.Results: Twenty four females and 96 male patients (mean age, 57.8 ± 9.1 were included. A total of 177 LN stations were aspirated in 120 patients. In 82 patients, the diagnosis was malignant by EBUS-guided TBNA and in the remaining 38; the diagnosis was established by further invasive procedures. Of the 38 EBUS-guided TBNA negative patients, 28 were diagnosed as non-malignant and 10 were malignant. The sensitivity, diagnostic accuracy and negative predictive value of CP EBUS-guided TBNA were 89.1%, 91.6% and 73.6%, respectively. No major complications were seen.Conclusion: As an alternative method to mediastinoscopy, EBUS-guided TBNA is a safe and noninvasive procedure with high sensitivity in

  19. 背景音乐在甲状腺细针穿刺抽吸活检术中的应用%Application of background music for patients undergoing thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡蒙; 张杰; 胡芳; 唐万斌

    2015-01-01

    [目的]探讨背景音乐对行甲状腺细针穿刺抽吸活检术病人手术过程中焦虑状态、疼痛及术后并发症的影响。[方法]选择在天津某三级甲等医院行甲状腺细针穿刺活检术的病人120例,采用随机数字表法随机分成干预组及对照组各60例。手术过程中,对照组病人只接受常规护理,干预组在常规护理基础上播放背景音乐,分别应用状态焦虑量表和疼痛数字评分表法对两组病人的焦虑和疼痛程度进行评定,并观察病人术后虚脱及手术24 h后疼痛的情况。[结果]手术前两组的焦虑状态评分差异无统计学意义(t=0.300,P>0.05)。手术后干预组焦虑状态评分、疼痛评分及术后虚脱的发生率均明显低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P0.05)。[结论]甲状腺细针穿刺抽吸活检术中播放背景音乐能降低病人的焦虑程度和对疼痛的敏感性,缓解其紧张情绪,并能减少术后并发症的发生。%Objective:To probe into the influence of background music on anxiety,pain and postoperative compli-cations in patients undergoing thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy.Methods:A total of 120 patients receiving thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy in a three grade A hospital in Tianjin were selected and randomly divided into intervention group and control group by using random number table,60 cases in each.During surgery,the patients in control group only received routine care,the background music was played for patients in interven-tion group in addition to routine care.Then the State Anxiety Inventory (SAI)scale and Numerical Rating Scale (NRS)were used for assessment of anxiety and pain of two groups of patients,and to observe the pa-tients’postoperative exhaustion and pain after 24 hours after surgery.Results:The results showed that there was no statistically significant difference in SAI score between both groups before operation (t=0.300,P>0.05). After operation,the SAI,NRS scores and the

  20. Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Arising from the Mandible as Diagnosed by US-guided Core Biopsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Soo Jin [Center of Thyroid Cancer, National Cancer Center, Goyang (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Eun Kyung [Research Institute of Radiological Science, Yonsei University Heath System, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Min Kyung [Eulji University College of Medicine, Eulji University Hospital, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-09-15

    Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a clonal proliferative disorder of Langerhans cells. Although LCH is not considered a malignant disease, its appearance on radiographs may be similar to that of a malignant tumor. The diagnosis of LCH is usually made by a soft tissue biopsy, or by bone marrow aspiration or curettage. We present a patient with a mandibular mass confirmed to be LCH by US-guided core needle biopsy, and present a strategy for diagnosing localized LCH of the bone based on the usefulness and reliability of the percutaneous biopsy

  1. Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Arising from the Mandible as Diagnosed by US-guided Core Biopsy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a clonal proliferative disorder of Langerhans cells. Although LCH is not considered a malignant disease, its appearance on radiographs may be similar to that of a malignant tumor. The diagnosis of LCH is usually made by a soft tissue biopsy, or by bone marrow aspiration or curettage. We present a patient with a mandibular mass confirmed to be LCH by US-guided core needle biopsy, and present a strategy for diagnosing localized LCH of the bone based on the usefulness and reliability of the percutaneous biopsy

  2. Application of B -ultrasonic Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in the Diagnosis of Tuberculous Lymphadenitis%经B超引导FNAC在淋巴结结核诊断中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余琦; 杨江辉; 李宁

    2011-01-01

    To explore the value of B-ultrasonic guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in the diagnosis of tuberculous lymphadenitis (TB). The patients were carried out FNAC under B-ultrasonic guidance to distinguish the tuberculosis lymphadenitis. With the FNAC diagnosis of lymphoglandulae and reactive hyperplasia lesions of 80 cases, 41 cases were confirmed by histopathology. With FNAC diagnosed tuberculosis 36 cases,granulomatous lymphadenitis 2 cases and reactive hyperplasia 3 cases. FANC is one of efficient method to diagnosis the tuberculous tymphadenitis. This method has some limitations, but it could be overcome by biopsy or polymerase chain reaction.%探讨经B超引导针吸穿刺细胞学检查(FNAC)对淋巴结结核(TB)的诊断价值.在B超引导下对淋巴结进行FNAC,以鉴别淋巴结结核.FNAC诊断淋巴结肉芽肿及反应性增生病变80例,41例经病理组织学证实.FNAC诊断结核36例,肉芽肿性淋巴结炎2例,反应性增生3例.结论:经B超引导FNAC是淋巴结结核病理诊断的有效方法之一,但也存在一定的局限性,可以通过活检或聚合酶链反应(polymerase chain reaction,PCR)等方法解决.

  3. Fine-needle aspiration diagnosis of primary hydatid disease of the thyroid; first reported case in the USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dissanayake, Pavithra Irushi; Chennuri, Rohini; Tarjan, Gabor

    2016-04-01

    Echinococcosis or hydatid disease (HD) is a parasitic disease caused by species of the Echinococcus genus. Since the incidence of HD in the USA is very low and the primary HD of the thyroid is extremely rare even in endemic regions, the occurrence of primary thyroid HD is exceptional in the USA. Thyroid HD is rarely diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration (FNA). Our literature review revealed less than ten cases of primary HD of thyroid diagnosed by FNA worldwide. Hereby, we report the first case of a primary thyroid HD diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration in the USA.

  4. Prospective validation of microRNA signatures for detecting pancreatic malignant transformation in endoscopic-ultrasound guided fine-needle aspiration biopsies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frampton, Adam E.; Krell, Jonathan; Prado, Mireia Mato; Gall, Tamara M.H.; Abbassi-Ghadi, Nima; Del Vecchio Blanco, Giovanna; Funel, Niccola; Giovannetti, Elisa; Castellano, Leandro; Basyouny, Mohamed; Habib, Nagy A.; Kaltsidis, Harry; Vlavianos, Panagiotis; Stebbing, Justin; Jiao, Long R.

    2016-01-01

    Background Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a lethal disease. Novel biomarkers are required to aid treatment decisions and improve patient outcomes. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are potentially ideal diagnostic biomarkers, as they are stable molecules, and tumour and tissue specific. Results Logistic regression analysis revealed an endoscopic-ultrasound fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) 2-miRNA classifier (miR-21 + miR-155) capable of distinguishing benign from malignant pancreatic lesions with a sensitivity of 81.5% and a specificity of 85.7% (AUC 0.930). Validation FNA cohorts confirmed both miRNAs were overexpressed in malignant disease, while circulating miRNAs performed poorly. Methods Fifty-five patients with a suspicious pancreatic lesion on cross-sectional imaging were evaluated by EUS-FNA. At echo-endoscopy, the first part of the FNA was sent for cytological assessment and the second part was used for total RNA extraction. Candidate miRNAs were selected after careful review of the literature and expression was quantified by qRT-PCR. Validation was performed on an independent cohort of EUS-FNAs, as well as formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) and plasma samples. Conclusions We provide further evidence for using miRNAs as diagnostic biomarkers for pancreatic malignancy. We demonstrate the feasibility of using fresh EUS-FNAs to establish miRNA-based signatures unique to pancreatic malignant transformation and the potential to enhance risk stratification and selection for surgery. PMID:27086919

  5. [Detection of numerical aberrations in chromosomes by fluorescence in situ hybridization in fine needle aspirates in the preoperative diagnosis of cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noguchi, S; Tsukamoto, F; Miyoshi, Y; Inaji, H; Watatani, M; Sasa, M; Inazawa, J; Takami, S

    1999-12-01

    Fine needle aspiration (FNA) samples were obtained from 176 breast tumors suspected of malignancy, which were then subjected to conventional cytological and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses using the centromeric probes for chromosomes 1, 11, and 17. Histological examination revealed 157 breast cancers and 19 benign diseases (ten fibroadenomas, six intraductal papillomas, one intracystic papilloma, and two ADH). Sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy were 85.4% 94.7%, and 86.4%, respectively, for cytology and 90.4%, 100%, and 91.5%, respectively, for FISH. These results demonstrate that FISH diagnosis of FNA samples has a diagnostic accuracy comparable to that of conventional cytology. PMID:10635294

  6. Laser confers less embryo exposure than acid tyrode for embryo biopsy in preimplantation genetic diagnosis cycles: a randomized study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valle Marcelo

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract We compared two methods of zona pellucida drilling. 213 embryos were biopsied with acid Tyrode. Each biopsy took 3 minutes and the entire procedure ~29 minutes. 5% of blastomeres lysed, 49% of embryos became blastocyst and 36% of patients became pregnant. 229 embryos were biopsied with laser. Each biopsy took 30 seconds and the entire procedure ~7 minutes. 2.5% of blastomeres lysed, 50.6% of embryos became blastocyst and 47% of patients became pregnant. We can conclude that laser can be used for embryo biopsy. Reduction of embryo exposure and of removed blastomeres is associated with increased blastocysts available for transfer and a better clinical outcome.

  7. C臂透视引导下经皮肺穿刺活检临床应用分析%Clinical application of percutaneous aspiration lung biopsy guided by C-arm X-ray perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张华

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨DSA设备C臂透视引导下经皮肺穿刺活检成功率及临床应用价值。方法应用半自动活检针在C臂透视引导下进行经皮肺穿刺活检397例患者,分析其影像学及临床表现。结果397例患者中穿刺成功率99.75%,经手术病理证实诊断准确率99.54%,并发症发生率11.62%。结论 C臂透视引导下经皮肺穿刺活检成功率高、诊断准确并发症低,具有较高的临床应用价值。%Objective To probe into the cure rate ,diagnostic rate ,diagnostic accuracy ,complication rate and clinical value of percutaneous aspiration lung biopsy (PALB) guided by C‐arm X‐ray perspective under DSA .Methods The appli‐cation of semi automatic biopsy needle was retrospectively analyzed in 397 treated cases of PALB under C‐arm X‐ray per‐spective .Results Among the 397 patients studied ,the puncture success ratio was 99 .75% ,the diagnostic rate 100% , the diagnostic accuracy proved by operation and pathology was 99 .54% and the complication rate was 11 .62% .Conclusion The high cure rate ,diagnostic rate and diagnostic accuracy of PALB under C‐arm X‐ray with low complication rate have proved that it is a safe ,simple and effective diagnostic method ,which is of great clinical application value .

  8. Application of Electron Microscopy in the Diagnosis for Renal Biopsy%肾活检病理诊断中电镜检查的应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鸥

    2016-01-01

    Objective Value of electron microscopy in the diagnosis of renal biopsy is analyzed.Methods Retrospective analyzed 186 renal biopsy diagnosis from January 2012 to December 2015, the results of electron microscopic diagnosis were compared with light microscope and immune of luorescence results, analysed the necessity of Electron microscopy in the diagnosis of renal biopsy.Results There were 10 kinds of pathological changes in 52 cases in renal biopsy, electron microscopy (sem) examination must be conducted to clear the diagnosis, in addition there were 3 kinds of pathological changes in 40 cases and need to be conifrmed by electron microscopic examination.Conclusion Electron microscopy (sem) examination is an essential diagnostic method in renal biopsy pathology diagnosis, is of great signiifcance to avoid misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis, so it has an vital role of renal biopsy diagnosis.%目的:对电镜检查在肾活检病例诊断中的应用价值进行分析。方法选取2012年1月~2015年12月我院186肾活检诊断结果,对其进行回顾性分析,将电镜诊断结果同光镜和免疫荧光结果相比较,分析电镜检查在肾活检病例诊断中的必要性。结果在肾活检病例诊断中10种病变共52例,必须进行电镜检查才能明确诊断,3种病变共40例需要做电镜检查加以证实。结论电镜检查在肾活检病理诊断中是必不可少的诊断方法,对避免误诊、漏诊具有重要意义,具有完善肾活检诊断的重要作用。

  9. Diagnosis of dysplasia in upper gastro-intestinal tract biopsies through digital microscopy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorina Gui

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Whole slide digital imaging (WSDI offers an alternative to glass slides for diagnostic interpretation. While prior work has concentrated on the use of whole slide digital imaging for routine diagnostic cases, this study focuses on diagnostic interpretation of digital images for a highly challenging area, upper gastro-intestinal (GI dysplasia. The aim of this study is to study the accuracy and efficiency of WSDI in the diagnosis of upper GI tract dysplasia. Materials and Methods: Forty-two hematoxylin and eosin (H and E-stained slides representing negative, indefinite, low grade and high grade dysplasia were selected and scanned at 20x (Aperio XT. Four attending GI pathologists reviewed the WSDI, then glass slides, with at least 3-4 weeks between each media; glass slides were re-reviewed 16-18 months later. Results: Intraobserver variability for three clinically relevant categories (negative, indefinite/low grade, high grade was wider for WSDI to glass (kappa range 0.36-0.78 than glass to glass (kappa range 0.58-0.75. In comparison to glass slide review, WSDI review required more time and was associated with an unexpected trend toward downgrading dysplasia. Conclusions: Our results suggest: (1 upper GI dysplasia can be diagnosed using WSDI with similar intraobserver reproducibility as for glass slides; however, this is not true for all pathologists; (2 pathologists may have a tendency to downgrade dysplasia in digital images; and (3 pathologists who use WSDI for interpretation of GI dysplasia cases may benefit from regular, on-going, re-review of paired digital and glass images to ensure the most accurate utilization of digital technology, at least in the early stages of implementation.

  10. Endoscopic Ultrasound and Fine Needle Aspiration in Chronic Pancreatitis: Differential Diagnosis between Pseudotumoral Masses and Pancreatic Cancer

    OpenAIRE

    José Celso Ardengh; César Vivian Lopes; Antônio Dorival Campos; Luiz Felipe Pereira de Lima; Filadélfio Venco; José Luiz Pimenta Módena

    2007-01-01

    Context Pseudotumoral chronic pancreatitis can be difficult to differentiate from pancreatic carcinoma. Objective To evaluate the role of endoscopic ultrasound and fine needle aspiration in differentiating between inflammatory masses and malignancies in chronic pancreatitis. Design Retrospective study. Setting Tertiary care endoscopy unit. Patients and interventions Between February 1997 and December 2006, 69 pancreatic head masses from patients with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis underwent E...

  11. Endobronchial Ultrasound-guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration 
in the Diagnosis of Intrathoracic Metastasis from Extrapulmonary Malignancy

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Jiayuan; Bao, Liang; Jiajun TENG; Runbo ZHONG; Weiqiong WENG; Zhang, Qin; Han, Baohui

    2015-01-01

    Background and objective Endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) has been widely applied in diagnosing mediastinal and hilar adenopathy. This study is further to evaluate value and safety of EBUS-TBNA in diagnosing intrathoracic metastasis from extrapulmonary malignancy. Methods Prospectively analysis of 41 patients suspected intrathoracic metastasis from previous diagnosed/concurrent extrapulmonary malignancies in Shanghai Chest Hospital, with radiologic ...

  12. Relative quantification of PIK3CA gene expression level in fine-needle aspiration biopsy thyroid specimens collected from patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma and non-toxic goitre by real-time RT-PCR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wojciechowska-Durczyńska Katarzyna

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recent studies have shown that the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K signaling pathway is important regulator of many cellular events, including apoptosis, proliferation and motility. PI3K pathway alterations (PIK3CA gene mutations and/or amplification have been observed in various human tumours. In the majority of diagnosed cases, mutations are localized in one of the three "hot spots" in the gene, responsible for coding catalytic subunit α of class I PI3K (PIK3CA. Mutations and amplification of PIK3CA gene are characteristic for thyroid cancer, as well. Methods The aim of our study was to examine a gene expression level of PIK3CA in fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB thyroid specimens in two types of thyroid lesions, papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC and non-toxic goitre (NTG. Following conventional cytological examination, 42 thyroid FNAB specimens, received from patients with PTC (n = 20 and NTG (n = 22, were quantitatively evaluated regarding PIK3CA expression level by real-time PCR in the ABI PRISM® 7500 Sequence Detection System. Results Significantly higher expression level (RQ of PIK3CA in PTC group has been noted in comparison with NTG group (p Conclusion These observations may suggest role of PIK3CA alterations in PTC carcinogenesis.

  13. Skin biopsy: Biopsy issues in specific diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elston, Dirk M; Stratman, Erik J; Miller, Stanley J

    2016-01-01

    Misdiagnosis may result from biopsy site selection, technique, or choice of transport media. Important potential sources of error include false-negative direct immunofluorescence results based on poor site selection, uninformative biopsy specimens based on both site selection and technique, and spurious interpretations of pigmented lesions and nonmelanoma skin cancer based on biopsy technique. Part I of this 2-part continuing medical education article addresses common pitfalls involving site selection and biopsy technique in the diagnosis of bullous diseases, vasculitis, panniculitis, connective tissue diseases, drug eruptions, graft-versus-host disease, staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome, hair disorders, and neoplastic disorders. Understanding these potential pitfalls can result in improved diagnostic yield and patient outcomes.

  14. RARE DIAGNOSIS OF IGG4-RELATED SYSTEMIC DISEASE BY LIP BIOPSY IN AN INTERNATIONAL SJÖGREN SYNDROME REGISTRY

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baer, Alan N.; Gourin, Christine; Westra, William H.; Cox, Darren; Greenspan, John; Daniels, Troy E.

    2012-01-01

    IgG4-related disease has been recently defined as a distinct clinic-pathologic entity, characterized by dense IgG-4 plasmacytic infiltration of diverse organs, fibrosis, and tumefactive lesions. Salivary and lacrimal glands are a target of this disease and, when affected, may clinically resemble Küttner tumor, Mikulicz disease, or orbital inflammatory pseudotumor. In some patients, the disease is systemic, with metachronous involvement of multiple organs, including the pancreas, aorta, kidneys, and biliary tract. We report a 66-year old man who presented with salivary gland enlargement and severe salivary hypofunction and was diagnosed with IgG4-related disease on the basis of a labial salivary gland biopsy. Additional features of his illness included a marked peripheral eosinophilia, obstructive pulmonary disease, and lymphoplasmacytic aortitis. He was evaluated in the context of a research registry for Sjögren syndrome and was the only one of 2594 registrants with minor salivary gland histopathologic findings supportive of this diagnosis. PMID:23146570

  15. Gum biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - gingiva (gums) ... used to close the opening created for the biopsy. ... to eat for a few hours before the biopsy. ... Risks for this procedure include: Bleeding from the biopsy site Infection of the gums Soreness

  16. Core biopsy as a simple and effective diagnostic tool in head and neck focal myositis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Chun Yee; Chong, Sheldon; Shaw, Chi-Kee Leslie

    2015-12-01

    Most unilateral head and neck masses are benign, although malignancy is a possibility in some cases. However, there are other rare causes of unilateral neck masses, such as focal myositis, which is a rare, benign condition belonging to the family of inflammatory pseudotumors of the skeletal muscles, with rare presentations in the head and neck region. Focal myositis presents as a rapidly enlarging neck mass that can be misdiagnosed by fine-needle aspiration biopsy and/or radiologic imaging as either an infective or a neoplastic process. To date, there are only 5 reported cases of adult focal myositis of the sternocleidomastoid muscle in the medical literature. In this article, the authors present 2 cases involving patients with focal myositis of the sternocleidomastoid muscle that were successfully diagnosed with core-needle biopsy and managed conservatively. The pros and cons of fine-needle aspiration biopsy and core-needle biopsy are discussed. Based on the authors' results, fine-needle aspiration biopsy universally fails to provide the diagnosis of focal myositis. In contrast, core-needle biopsy successfully diagnosed focal myositis in both of our patients. Both of them had complete resolution with conservative management. PMID:26670758

  17. Magnetic resonance imaging-targeted, 3D transrectal ultrasound-guided fusion biopsy for prostate cancer: Quantifying the impact of needle delivery error on diagnosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    consistently greater when using spherical tumor shapes as opposed to no shape assumption. However, an assumption of spherical tumor shape for RMSE = 3.5 mm led to a mean overestimation of tumor sampling probabilities of 3%, implying that assuming spherical tumor shape may be reasonable for many prostate tumors. The authors also determined that a biopsy system would need to have a RMS needle delivery error of no more than 1.6 mm in order to sample 95% of tumors with one core. The authors’ experiments also indicated that the effect of axial-direction error on the measured tumor burden was mitigated by the 18 mm core length at 3.5 mm RMSE. Conclusions: For biopsy systems with RMSE ≥ 3.5 mm, more than one biopsy core must be taken from the majority of tumors to achieveP ≥ 95%. These observations support the authors’ perspective that some tumors of clinically significant sizes may require more than one biopsy attempt in order to be sampled during the first biopsy session. This motivates the authors’ ongoing development of an approach to optimize biopsy plans with the aim of achieving a desired probability of obtaining a sample from each tumor, while minimizing the number of biopsies. Optimized planning of within-tumor targets for MRI-3D TRUS fusion biopsy could support earlier diagnosis of prostate cancer while it remains localized to the gland and curable

  18. Magnetic resonance imaging-targeted, 3D transrectal ultrasound-guided fusion biopsy for prostate cancer: Quantifying the impact of needle delivery error on diagnosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin, Peter R., E-mail: pmarti46@uwo.ca [Department of Medical Biophysics, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada); Cool, Derek W. [Department of Medical Imaging, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7, Canada and Robarts Research Institute, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada); Romagnoli, Cesare [Department of Medical Imaging, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada); Fenster, Aaron [Department of Medical Biophysics, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada); Department of Medical Imaging, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada); Robarts Research Institute, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada); Ward, Aaron D. [Department of Medical Biophysics, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada); Department of Oncology, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada)

    2014-07-15

    tumor was consistently greater when using spherical tumor shapes as opposed to no shape assumption. However, an assumption of spherical tumor shape for RMSE = 3.5 mm led to a mean overestimation of tumor sampling probabilities of 3%, implying that assuming spherical tumor shape may be reasonable for many prostate tumors. The authors also determined that a biopsy system would need to have a RMS needle delivery error of no more than 1.6 mm in order to sample 95% of tumors with one core. The authors’ experiments also indicated that the effect of axial-direction error on the measured tumor burden was mitigated by the 18 mm core length at 3.5 mm RMSE. Conclusions: For biopsy systems with RMSE ≥ 3.5 mm, more than one biopsy core must be taken from the majority of tumors to achieveP ≥ 95%. These observations support the authors’ perspective that some tumors of clinically significant sizes may require more than one biopsy attempt in order to be sampled during the first biopsy session. This motivates the authors’ ongoing development of an approach to optimize biopsy plans with the aim of achieving a desired probability of obtaining a sample from each tumor, while minimizing the number of biopsies. Optimized planning of within-tumor targets for MRI-3D TRUS fusion biopsy could support earlier diagnosis of prostate cancer while it remains localized to the gland and curable.

  19. Fine Needle Aspiration and Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma: The Risk of Inadequate Preoperative Evaluation and Initial Surgery When Relying Upon FNAB Cytology Alone

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Essig, G.F.; Porter, K.; Schneider, D.; Debora, A.; Lindsey, S.C.; Busonero, G.; Fineberg, D.; Fruci, B.; Boelaert, K.; Smit, J.W.A.; Meijer, J.A.M.; Duntas, L.; Sharma, N.; Costante, G.; Filetti, S.; Sippel, R.S.; Biondi, B.; Topliss, D.J.; Pacini, F.; Maciel, R.M.; Walz, P.C.; Kloos, R.T.

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) to preoperatively diagnose medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) among multiple international centers and evaluate how the cytological diagnosis alone could impact patient management.Methods: We performed a retrospectiv

  20. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration for the diagnosis of pancreatic cysts by combined cytopathology and cystic content analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Amanda; K; Martin; Zhongren; Zhou

    2015-01-01

    Recent advances in imaging technology have resulted in an increase in incidental discoveries of pancreatic cystic lesions. Pancreatic cysts comprise a wide variety of lesions and include non-neoplastic cysts and neoplastic cysts. Because some pancreatic cysts have more of a malignant potential than others, it is absolutely essential that an accurate diagnosis is rendered so that effective care can be given to each patient. In many centers, endoscopic ultrasound(EUS)-guided fine-needle aspiration(FNA) has emerged as the modality of choice that enables one to distinguish between mucinous and non-mucinous lesion, diagnose malignancy and collect cyst fluid for further diagnostic studies, such as pancreatic enzyme levels, molecular analysis and other tumor biomarkers. The current review will focus on EUSguided FNA and the cytological diagnosis for pancreatic cysts.

  1. Disseminated histoplasmosis in an immunocompetent haweli dweller: A diagnosis and follow-up by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Shifa Ecka

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA is nowadays widespread minimally invasive procedure for diagnosing a large number of benign as well as malignant lesions. We report a case of a 62-year-old immunocompetent elderly male, who presented with high-grade fever, hepatosplenomegaly and mediastinal and intra-abdominal lymph nodes. He was residing in an old haweli with bats infestation. EUS-FNA of the subcarinal and the preaortic lymph node clinched the diagnosis. A rapid on-site evaluation of the cytology material revealed organisms conforming to the morphology of Histoplasma capsulatum. The patient was immediately started on amphotericin B and itraconazole and responded well. In this case, we found the role of EUS-FNA not only in diagnosis, but also in the follow-up of the patient.

  2. Computed tomography guided needle biopsy: experience from 1,300 procedures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chojniak, Rubens; Isberner, Rony Klaus; Viana, Luciana Marinho; Yu, Liao Shin; Aita, Alessandro Amorim; Soares, Fernando Augusto [Hospital do Cancer A.C. Camargo, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Radiologia e Patologia

    2006-01-15

    Context and objective: computed tomography (CT) guided biopsy is widely accepted as effective and safe for diagnosis in many settings. Accuracy depends on target organ and needle type. Cutting needles present advantages over fine needles. This study presents experience from CT guided biopsies performed at an oncology center. Design and setting: retrospective study at Hospital do Cancer A. C. Camargo, Sao Paulo.Methods: 1,300 consecutive CT guided biopsies performed between July 1994 and February 2000 were analyzed. Nodules or masses were suspected as primary malignancy in 845 cases (65%) or metastatic lesion in 455 (35%). 628 lesions were thoracic, 281 abdominal, 208 retroperitoneal, 134 musculoskeletal and 49 head/neck. All biopsies were performed by one radiologist or under his supervision: 765 (59%) with 22-gauge fine-needle/aspiration technique and 535 (41%) with automated 16 or 18-gauge cutting-needle biopsy. Results: adequate samples were obtained in 70-92% of fine-needle and 93-100% of cutting-needle biopsies. The specific diagnosis rates were 54-67% for fine-needle and 82-100% for cutting-needle biopsies, according to biopsy site. For any site, sample adequacy and specific diagnosis rate were always better for cutting-needle biopsy. Among 530 lung biopsies, there were 84 pneumothorax (16%) and two hemothorax (0.3%) cases, with thoracic drainage in 24 (4.9%). Among abdominal and retroperitoneal biopsies, there were two cases of major bleeding and one of peritonitis. Conclusion: both types of needle showed satisfactory results, but cutting-needle biopsy should be used when specific diagnosis is desired without greater incidence of complications. (author)

  3. False-Negative Results of Endoscopic Biopsy in the Diagnosis of Gastrointestinal Kaposi’s Sarcoma in HIV-Infected Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naoyoshi Nagata

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS is a rare endothelial neoplasm mainly involving the skin, but it is often associated with AIDS. Diagnosis of gastrointestinal (GI tract KS, a common site of visceral involvement in AIDS, is important, but endoscopic biopsy carries a risk of false-negative results (FNRs due to its submucosal appearance. This study sought to determine the rate and causes of FNR for endoscopic biopsy of GI-KS lesions. Endoscopic biopsy samples of 116 GI-KS lesions were reviewed retrospectively. All GI-KS lesions were confirmed to be resolved following KS therapy. FNRs were yielded for 41 of the lesions (35.3%. Among upper and lower GI sites, the esophagus was the only site significantly associated with FNRs (P<0.01. Small size (<10 mm and patches found on endoscopy were significantly associated with FNRs (P<0.05. Findings of submucosal tumor (SMT with ulceration were significantly associated with true-positive results (P<0.05. In conclusion, FNRs were found in 35.3% of GI-KS lesions and were especially related to the site of the esophagus and endoscopic early stage (small size or patch appearance. An SMT with ulceration may be relatively easy to diagnose on endoscopic biopsy. Caution should be exercised when performing endoscopic biopsy of these lesions in AIDS patients and evaluating the histological features.

  4. Diagnostic Challenges in the Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of Chronic Sclerosing Sialadenitis (Küttner's Tumor) in the Context of Head and Neck Malignancy: A Series of 4 Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leon, Marino E; Santosh, Neetha; Agarwal, Amit; Teknos, Theodoros N; Ozer, Enver; Iwenofu, O Hans

    2016-09-01

    Chronic sclerosing sialadenitis (CSS) is a benign chronic inflammatory condition of the salivary gland. Clinically, CSS patients may present with a neck mass, often suggesting a neoplastic process. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is frequently used to evaluate these lesions. We present a series of 4 patients with CSS, in whom all but one had history of squamous cell carcinoma. The previous diagnosis of malignancy appeared to influence the interpretation of the cytologic preparations. Four patients who had undergone resection of a neck nodule that eventually was diagnosed as CSS were identified. FNA was performed in all 4 cases, and the final cytologic diagnosis in these cases included squamous cell carcinoma, basaloid neoplasm, and salivary gland neoplasm. During intraoperative consultation, the lesions were identified as benign, atrophic salivary gland with chronic inflammation, or sialadenitis with atypical glands. All resected specimens were submitted for histopathological examination and were considered diagnostic for CSS. CSS is a potential pitfall in the FNA interpretation of salivary gland lesions, especially if there is a previous history of head and neck malignancy. Awareness of this entity, adherence to strict cytologic criteria, and careful clinicopathologic correlation are helpful in preventing misinterpretation and unnecessary surgical intervention. PMID:26909791

  5. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of superficial lymph nodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardillo, M R

    1989-01-01

    A series of 244 enlarged superficial lymph nodes was examined by fine-needle aspiration cytology. Twenty-nine smears (11.9%) were inadequate for study. Of the remaining 215, 108 were negative, 13 suspicious for malignancy, and 94 positive. Forty-five excisional biopsies were performed correlating the cytologic and histologic findings. There were two cytologic false-negative results; both were patients who had been treated for carcinoma and whose aspirates were cytologically negative. Of the 13 samples reported as suspicious for malignancy, there were three epidermoid carcinomas, nine reactive hyperplasias, and one non-Hodgkin's lymphocytic lymphoma. Of the positive cases, 83 were metastatic tumors, and 11 were malignant lymphomas (two non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and nine Hodgkin's lymphomas). The criteria used in the interpretation of these aspirates and the problems of differential cytological diagnosis are discussed. In spite of the drawbacks of inadequate and false-negative smears, fine-needle aspiration cytology is valuable in preliminary diagnosis of diseased lymph nodes and subsequent management. PMID:2776599

  6. Renal Tumor Biopsy Technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lei Zhang; Xue-Song Li; Li-Qun Zhou

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To review hot issues and future direction of renal tumor biopsy (RTB) technique.Data Sources:The literature concerning or including RTB technique in English was collected from PubMed published from 1990 to 2015.Study Selection:We included all the relevant articles on RTB technique in English,with no limitation of study design.Results:Computed tomography and ultrasound were usually used for guiding RTB with respective advantages.Core biopsy is more preferred over fine needle aspiration because of superior accuracy.A minimum of two good-quality cores for a single renal tumor is generally accepted.The use of coaxial guide is recommended.For biopsy location,sampling different regions including central and peripheral biopsies are recommended.Conclusion:In spite of some limitations,RTB technique is relatively mature to help optimize the treatment of renal tumors.

  7. Diagnóstico de criptococose canina pela citologia aspirativa por agulha fina Diagnosis of canine cryptococcosis by fine-needle aspiration cytology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danieli Brolo Martins

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Relata-se um caso de criptococose canina de caráter sistêmico e neurológico diagnosticado com o auxílio da citologia aspirativa por agulha fina (CAAF. O paciente, da raça Labrador, 1 ano e 5 meses, macho, apresentava sinais de depressão/estupor, hiporexia, presença de uma massa cervical delimitada entre os dois linfonodos submandibulares e aumento de linfonodos. A punção aspirativa da massa cervical e dos linfonodos poplíteo, pré-escapular e submandibular revelaram presença de fungos compatíveis com Cryptococcus neoformans, o qual foi então confirmado pela cultura fúngica, e classificado como sorotipo D. A CAAF mostrou ser um método rápido, seguro e eficaz em casos de criptococose canina com presença de linfoadenomegalia.This paper aimed to described a 1.5 year-old Labrador male, diagnosed with cryptococcosis using fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC. The dog was showing signs of depression and hyporexia. Peripheral lymph nodes and a mass situated between the submandibular lymph nodes were aspirated. The cytology showed yeast-like structures resembling Cryptococcus sp. in all samples examined. These findings were confirmed by culture (C. neoformans, serotype D. The FNAC technique allowed a quick, safe and easy diagnosis in this case.

  8. Image-guided percutaneous aspiration and gelfoam treatment of petrous apex cholesterol granuloma: a new theory and method for diagnosis and treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Thomas C; Raghavan, Deepak; Curtin, Hugh D

    2013-12-01

    Although diagnosis of cholesterol granulomas of the skull base can be straightforward with computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance, treatment is controversial with various skull base approaches described in the literature. This report describes a 35-year-old man who presented with a symptomatic, enlarging cystic lesion in the left petrous apex and clivus that had imaging features of a cholesterol granuloma (cholesterol cyst). Due to a prior history of treated mediastinal germ cell tumor, pathologic confirmation of the lesion was requested. A CT-guided percutaneous aspiration revealed dark used motor oil-like fluid. Continued aspiration yielded a change in the character of the fluid to marrow red. Injection of contrast revealed no communication with cerebrospinal fluid. Gelfoam (Pfizer, New York, New York, USA) was subsequently injected percutaneously into the residual cavity. Histopathology showed no evidence of malignancy and follow-up MRI at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year demonstrated continued decrease in size and signal of the lesion. PMID:24436935

  9. Evaluation of Demodex folliculorum as a risk factor for the diagnosis of rosacea in skin biopsies. Mexico′s general hospital (1975-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose M Ríos-Yuil

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Rosacea significantly affects the quality of life and its pathophysiology is not well understood. It has been suggested that the presence of Demodex folliculorum in the affected skin could be related to the development of rosacea. Aims: To study the risk for association between the presence of D. folliculorum in skin biopsies and the diagnosis of rosacea. Settings and Design: Analytical, observational, retrospective, case-control study. Materials and Methods: Skin biopsies of patients diagnosed clinically as rosacea and the same number of controls were studied. The controls were selected among the facial skin biopsies that were not diagnosed as rosacea. All the slides were analyzed for the presence of D. folliculorum and the density of the infestation was assessed. Statistical Analysis Used: Absolute/relative frequencies, mean, standard deviation, odds ratio (OR, Chi square and Independent Student t-test with Epi Info v. 3.4.3͹ . Results: D. folliculorum was present in 80% of the skin biopsies of rosacea patients and in 30% of the controls. The risk of suffering rosacea was increased among persons infested with the mite (OR = 9.33 [95% confidence interval: 2.85-30.60]; P = 0.0001. The mean infestation density among the cases was 1.908 for every 10 high-power fields while it was 0.718 among the controls ( P < 0.005. There were no statistically significant differences among the groups with regard to sex and age. Conclusions: The presence of D. folliculorum in skin biopsies is associated with the diagnosis of rosacea. The infestation density was increased among the patients with rosacea.

  10. Retrospective evaluation of frozen section use for thyroid nodules with a prior fine needle aspiration diagnosis of Bethesda Ⅱ-Ⅵ: The Weill Cornell Medical College experience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Marc A.Cohen; Krupa R.Patel; Jonathan Gromis; David I.Kutler; William I.Kuhel; Brian J.Stater; Aaron Schulman

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the Weill Cornell Medical CoLlege (WCMC)/New York Presbyterian Hospital (NYPH) experience with intraoperative frozen (IOF) section in the management of thyroid nodules with a fine needle aspiration (FNA) diagnosis of Bethesda Ⅱ-Ⅵ and to analyze the cost and pathology benefit it provides.Methods: The surgical and cytopathology files at WCMC/NYPH were searched within the time period of January 2008 to May 2013.A total of 435 thyroid specimens were identified for which both an FNA and subsequent IOF section was performed.The FNA was correlated with the locations of the resected nodule and the nodule frozen for intraoperative diagnosis.The results of the FNA were compared to the IOF section diagnosis and final diagnosis (FD).Results: Among 435 cases, the FNA diagnosis was Bethesda Ⅱ:149 cases, Bethesda Ⅲ:170 cases, Bethesda Ⅳ: 91 cases, Bethesda Ⅴ: 19 cases, and Bethesda Ⅵ: 6 cases.There were a total of 83 carcinomas identified on FD, which included 69 papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs), 12 follicular carcinomas, and 2 poorly differentiated carcinomas.The preoperative FNA diagnosis for these carcinomas was as follows: Bethesda Ⅱ, 11/149 (7.4%), Bethesda Ⅲ, 24/170 (14%), Bethesda Ⅳ, 26/91 (29%), Bethesda Ⅴ, 16/19 (84%), and Bethesda Ⅵ, 6/6 (100%).IOF section contributed to the diagnosis of malignancy in 16/429 (4%) cases: 1/149 (0.7%) Bethesda Ⅱ, 5/170 (3%) Bethesda Ⅲ, 2/91 (1.1%) Bethesda Ⅳ, and 8/19 (42%) Bethesda Ⅴ.The diagnosis of malignancy was confirmed in the 6 Bethesda Ⅵl cases by IOF section.There were no false positives on IOF section.IOF had a sensitivity and specificity of 26% and 100%, respectively.Conclusion: The role of IOF section is limited in the evaluation of thyroid nodules.IOF section is most useful for nodules with an FNA diagnosis of Bethesda V lesions.The diagnosis of follicular variant of PTC remains difficult on frozen section.

  11. Diagnosis of Ovarian Carcinoma Histotype Based on Limited Sampling: A Prospective Study Comparing Cytology, Frozen Section, and Core Biopsies to Full Pathologic Examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoang, Lien N; Zachara, Susanna; Soma, Anita; Köbel, Martin; Lee, Cheng-Han; McAlpine, Jessica N; Huntsman, David; Thomson, Thomas; van Niekerk, Dirk; Singh, Naveena; Gilks, C Blake

    2015-11-01

    Growing insights into the biological features and molecular underpinnings of ovarian cancer has prompted a shift toward histotype-specific treatments and clinical trials. As a result, the preoperative diagnosis of ovarian carcinomas based on small tissue sampling is rapidly gaining importance. The data on the accuracy of ovarian carcinoma histotype-specific diagnosis based on small tissue samples, however, remains very limited in the literature. Herein, we describe a prospective series of 30 ovarian tumors diagnosed using cytology, frozen section, core needle biopsy, and immunohistochemistry (p53, p16, WT1, HNF-1β, ARID1A, TFF3, vimentin, and PR). The accuracy of histotype diagnosis using each of these modalities was 52%, 81%, 85%, and 84% respectively, using the final pathology report as the reference standard. The accuracy of histotype diagnosis using the Calculator for Ovarian Subtype Prediction (COSP), which evaluates immunohistochemical stains independent of histopathologic features, was 85%. Diagnostic accuracy varied across histotype and was lowest for endometrioid carcinoma across all diagnostic modalities (54%). High-grade serous carcinomas were the most overdiagnosed on core needle biopsy (accounting for 45% of misdiagnoses) and clear cell carcinomas the most overdiagnosed on frozen section (accounting for 36% of misdiagnoses). On core needle biopsy, 2/30 (7%) cases had a higher grade lesion missed due to sampling limitations. In this study, we identify several challenges in the diagnosis of ovarian tumors based on limited tissue sampling. Recognition of these scenarios can help improve diagnostic accuracy as we move forward with histotype-specific therapeutic strategies.

  12. How accurate is our prediction of biopsy outcome? PCA3-based nomograms in personalized diagnosis of prostate cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Salagierski, Maciej; Sosnowski, Marek; Schalken, Jack A.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose The sensitivity and specificity of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) alone to select men for prostate biopsy remain suboptimal. This review aims at presenting a review of current prostate cancer (PCa) nomograms that incorporate Prostate Cancer Gene 3 (PCA3), which was designed to outperform PSA at predicting biopsy outcome. Materials and methods The PubMed database and current literature search was conducted for reports on PCA3-based nomograms and tools for examining the risk of a posit...

  13. Liver biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - liver; Percutaneous biopsy ... the biopsy needle to be inserted into the liver. This is often done by using ultrasound. The ... the chance of damage to the lung or liver. The needle is removed quickly. Pressure will be ...

  14. Biopsy - polyps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polyp biopsy ... are treated is the colon. How a polyp biopsy is done depends on the location: Colonoscopy or flexible sigmoidoscopy explores the large bowel Colposcopy-directed biopsy examines the vagina and cervix Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) or ...

  15. Nerve biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - nerve ... A nerve biopsy is most often done on a nerve in the ankle, forearm, or along a rib. The health care ... feel a prick and a mild sting. The biopsy site may be sore for a few days ...

  16. Endometrial biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - endometrium ... The biopsy is normal if the cells in the sample are not abnormal. ... Risks of endometrial biopsy include: Infection Causing a hole in (perforating) the uterus or tearing the cervix (rarely occurs) Prolonged bleeding Slight spotting ...

  17. Fine needle aspiration cytology in leprosy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasad PVS

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Laboratory diagnosis of leprosy by slit skin smear and skin biopsy is simple but both techniques have their own limitations. Slit skin smear is negative in paucibacillary cases whereas skin biopsy is an invasive technique. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC from skin lesions in leprosy with subsequent staining with May-Grunwald-Giemsa (MGG stain has been found useful. Aim: To evaluate the possible role of cytology in classifying leprosy patients. Methods: Seventy-five untreated cases of leprosy attending the outpatient department were evaluated. Smears were taken from their skin lesions and stained using the MGG technique. Skin biopsy was also done from the lesions, which was compared with cytology smears. Results: A correlation of clinical features with FNAC was noticed in 87.5% of TT, 92.1% of BT, 81% of BL, and 66% of LL cases. Correlation of clinical with histopathological diagnoses revealed 12.5% specificity in TT leprosy, 55.3% in BT, 52.4% in BL and 50% in LL, and 100% in neuritic and histoid leprosy cases. Both correlations were found to be statistically significant by paired t test analysis. Thus, it was possible to distinguish the tuberculoid types by the presence of epithelioid cells and the lepromatous types by the presence of lymphocytes and foamy macrophages. Conclusion: FNAC may be used to categorize the patients into paucibacillary and multibacillary types, but is not a very sensitive tool to classify the patients across the Ridley-Jopling spectrum.

  18. Individual and combined diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound diagnosis, ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration and polymerase chain reaction in identifying tuberculous lymph nodes in the neck.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Dong Wook; Jung, Soo Jin; Ha, Tae Kwun; Park, Ha Kyoung

    2013-12-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of, both individually and in combination, ultrasound (US) diagnosis, US-guided fine-needle aspiration (US-FNA) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in diagnosing tuberculous lymph nodes in the neck (i.e., tuberculous cervical lymph nodes [TCLs]). Eighty-two patients who underwent US diagnosis, US-FNA and PCR for clinical suspicion of TCLs were enrolled. Of the 82 patients, 31 were confirmed as having TCLs. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values and accuracy of US diagnosis, US-FNA and PCR were 93.5%, 76.5%, 70.7%, 95.1% and 82.9%; 64.5%, 98.0%, 95.2%, 82.0% and 85.4%; and 100%, 96.1%, 93.9%, 100% and 97.6%, respectively. The diagnostic values of PCR alone and in combination with US-FNA were found to be higher than those of other methods. No US feature with high sensitivity and specificity was identified.

  19. Evaluation of the Significance of Pretreatment Liver Biopsy and Baseline Mental Health Disorder Diagnosis on Hepatitis C Treatment Completion Rates at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Kluck

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. This study was performed to define the overall treatment response rates and treatment completion rates among the population of Hepatitis C infected patients at an urban VA Medical Center. Additionally, we examined whether pretreatment liver biopsy is a positive predictor for treatment completion and if the presence of mental health disorders is a negative predictor for treatment completion. Methods. Retrospective chart review was performed on the 375 patients that were treated for HCV and met the study inclusion parameters between January 1, 2003 and April 1, 2008 at our institution. Clinical data was obtained from the computerized patient record system and was analyzed for respective parameters. Results. Sustained virological response was achieved in 116 (31% patients. 169 (45% patients completed a full treatment course. Also, 44% of patients who received a pre-treatment liver biopsy completed treatment versus 46% completion rates for patients who did not receive a pretreatment liver biopsy. Baseline ICD9 diagnosis of a mental health disorder was not associated with higher treatment discontinuation rates. Conclusions. In conclusion, pretreatment liver biopsy was not a positive predictor for treatment completion, and the presence of mental health disorders was not a negative predictor for treatment completion.

  20. Fine-needle aspiration cytology in fibromatoses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaharopoulos, P; Wong, J Y

    1992-01-01

    Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology was performed in seven cases of fibromatosis of variable types with tumorous clinical presentation. These included: four cases of musculoaponeurotic fibromatosis, two in posterior neck muscles, one in anterior neck muscles and one in intercostal muscles; one case of fibromatosis of the breast; and two cases of fibromatosis colli in neonates. In all cases the specimens contained connective tissue with many fibroblast-like cells, lacking features which could indicate a malignant lesion. The findings in these cases indicate that, although by FNA cytology in fibromatoses a specific diagnosis for each pathologic entity may not be easily reached, in the proper clinical setting the cytologic findings can be of sufficient relevance to offset the need for an open tissue biopsy, where there are valid reasons against a surgical intervention.

  1. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous thoracoabdominal biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ojalehto, M; Tikkakoski, T; Rissanen, T; Apaja-Sarkkinen, M

    2002-03-01

    This review will discuss the benefits and disadvantages of ultrasound-guided percutaneous fine-needle aspiration and cutting needle biopsies. Clinical efficacy, cost-effectiveness, some controversies and safety will be reviewed. PMID:12010294

  2. Reliability and validity of needle biopsy evaluation of breast-abnormalities using the B-categorization – design and objectives of the Diagnosis Optimisation Study (DIOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schmidt-Pokrzywniak Andrea

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The planned nationwide implementation of mammography screening 2007 in Germany will increase the occurrence of mammographically detected breast abnormalities. These abnormalities are normally evaluated by minimal invasive core biopsy. To minimize false positive and false negative histological findings, quality assurance of the pathological evaluation of the biopsies is essential. Various guidelines for quality assurance in breast cancer diagnosis recommend applying the B-classification for histopathological categorization. However, to date there are only few studies that reported results about reliability and validity of B-classification. Therefore, objectives of our study are to determine the inter- and intraobserver variability (reliability study and construct and predictive validity (validity study of core biopsy evaluation of breast abnormalities. This paper describes the design and objectives of the DIOS Study. Methods/Design All consecutive asymptomatic and symptomatic women with breast imaging abnormalities who are referred to the University Hospital of Halle for core breast biopsy over a period of 24 months are eligible. According to the sample size calculation we need 800 women for the study. All patients in the study population underwent clinical and radiological examination. Core biopsy is performed by stereotactic-, ultrasound- or magnetic resonance (MR guided automated gun method or vacuum assisted method. The histopathologic agreement (intra- and interobserver of pathologists and the histopathologic validity will be evaluated. Two reference standards are implemented, a reference pathologist and in case of suspicious or malignant findings the histopathologic result of excision biopsy. Furthermore, a self administrated questionnaire which contains questions about potential risk factors of breast cancer, is sent to the participants approximately two weeks after core biopsy. This enables us to run a case

  3. Fatal Case of Hydrocarbon Aspiration and Use of Lipoid Cells as Corroborative Finding for Rapid Autopsy Diagnosis in Cases of Delayed Death

    OpenAIRE

    Jaybhaye, Prasad L.; Shilawant, Santosh S.

    2014-01-01

    Accidental aspiration of diesel can cause consolidation, atelectasis, and abscess formation. Aspiration of diesel usually results into pneumonitis, which resolves completely within 5–7 days of treatment. Diesel aspiration resulting in bilateral pneumonia and death is rare and is scarcely documented in literature. Finding of lipoid cells in lung autopsy specimen is one of the important features of hydrocarbon aspiration. Unfortunately this important finding is not mentioned in most of the toxi...

  4. Fatal case of hydrocarbon aspiration and use of lipoid cells as corroborative finding for rapid autopsy diagnosis in cases of delayed death.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaybhaye, Prasad L; Shilawant, Santosh S

    2014-01-01

    Accidental aspiration of diesel can cause consolidation, atelectasis, and abscess formation. Aspiration of diesel usually results into pneumonitis, which resolves completely within 5-7 days of treatment. Diesel aspiration resulting in bilateral pneumonia and death is rare and is scarcely documented in literature. Finding of lipoid cells in lung autopsy specimen is one of the important features of hydrocarbon aspiration. Unfortunately this important finding is not mentioned in most of the toxicology textbooks. Hence, we are reporting this case. PMID:25948973

  5. Fine-needle aspiration cytology in children with superficial lymphadenopathy

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    F. De Corti

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: In pediatric population Fine-Needle Aspiration Citology (FNAC is slowly gaining acceptance in clinical management of Superficial Lymphadenopathy (SL. Our experience adds some data about the usefulness of this technique in diagnosing the cause of a SL and therefore guiding further treatment. Patients and Methods: 238 FNAC were performed in 217 patients with SL, observed at our Institution from 2002 to 2006. The neck was the most frequent localization. The results were available within few hours. In cases of granulomatous findings, the samples were processed for microbiological and PCR test, in order to identify Mycobacteria. Results: 174 were reactive lesions, 38 granulomatous lymphadenopathies, 24 malignant lesions, 2 specimens inadequate for diagnosis. Among the 174 reactive SL, 22 required an incisional biopsy after 1 month follow-up. Among the granulomatous lymphadenopathies, 13 children with Cat-Scratch Disease recovered, 25 with Mycobacteria infection underwent surgical excision. For 24 malignant lesions, the diagnosis was confirmed by further biopsy. Two false negative and no false positive were detected (sensitivity 92%, specificity 100%. No complications were encountered. Conclusions: In our experience FNAC, performed by experienced cytopathologist, has revealed to be a fast, safe, non invasive and inexpensive method to achieve diagnosis in persistent SL. The use of FNAC gave us the possibility to select patients for further investigation and/or surgical treatment. Incisional biopsy remains necessary to confirm the diagnosis in case of malignancy or doubtful lesions.

  6. Transbronchial needle aspiration "by the books"

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    Kupeli Elif

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Training for advanced bronchoscopic procedures is acquired during the interventional pulmonology (IP Fellowship. Unfortunately a number of such programs are small, limiting dissemination of formal training. Objective : We studied success of conventional transbronchial needle aspiration (C-TBNA in the hands of physicians without formal IP training. Methods : A technique of C-TBNA was learned solely from the literature, videos and practicing on inanimate models at "Hands-On" courses. Conventional TBNA with 21 and/or 19 gauge Smooth Shot Needles (Olympus® , Japan was performed on consecutive patients with undiagnosed mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Results : Thirty-four patients (male 23, mean age 54.9 ± 11.8 years underwent C-TBNA. Twenty-two patients had nodes larger than 20 mms. Suspected diagnoses were malignancy in 20 and nonmalignant conditions in 14. Final diagnoses were malignancy 17, sarcoidosis 4, reactive lymph nodes 12, and tuberculosis 1. Final diagnosis was established by C-TBNA in 14 (11 malignancy, 3 sarcoidosis; yield 41.1%, mediastinoscopy in 14, transthoracic needle aspiration in 3, peripheral lymph node biopsies in 2 and by endobronchial biopsy in 1. Nodal size had an impact on outcome (P = 0.000 while location did not (P = 0.33. C-TBNA was positive in 11/20 when malignancy was suspected (yield 55%, while 3/14 when benign diagnosis was suspected (yield 21.4% (P = 0.05. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and diagnostic accuracy were 66.6%, 100%, 100%, 65%, and 79.4%, respectively. There were no complications or scope damage. Conclusion : Conventional-TBNA can be learned by the books and by practicing on inanimate models without formal training and results similar to those published in the literature could be achieved.

  7. Fine needle aspiration cytology as an aid to diagnosis, categorization and treatment when pure neuritic leprosy presents as nerve abscess

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    C M Kiran

    2013-01-01

    Conclusions: The simple and minimally invasive FNAC procedure allows diagnosis and a reasonably accurate categorization of PNL presenting as nerve abscess and therefore, highly useful in its clinical management.

  8. Calretinin, S100 and protein gene product 9.5 immunostaining of rectal suction biopsies in the diagnosis of Hirschsprung' disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Meng; Li, Kang; Li, Shuai; Yang, Li; Yang, Dehua; Zhang, Xi; Fang, Mijing; Cao, Guoqing; Wang, Yong; Chen, Weibin; Tang, Shaotao

    2016-01-01

    Evaluation of rectal suction biopsies for the ganglion cells and neural hypertrophy is the basic modality for the diagnosis of Hirschsprung's disease (HD). However, the traditional hematoxylin and eosin staining coupled with acetylcholinesterase histochemistry remain challenging, especially in newborns. Thus we conducted a prospective study to evaluate the usefulness of calretinin combined with S100 and protein gene product 9.5 (PGP9.5) immunostaining of rectal suction biopsies for the diagnosis of HD. A total of 195 patients were enrolled in our study. Of the 195 patients 69% had ganglion cells on the initial diagnostic protocol. Sixty cases were devoid of ganglion cells, and of these, 90% and 91% showed submucosal neural hypertrophy on S-100 staining and PGP9.5 staining, respectively. Eighty-one patients underwent a colonic resection, and of these, 59 had confirmed aganglionic segment, the other 22 patients were diagnosed as intestinal neuronal dysplasia type B (n=13) and isolated hypoganglionosis (n=9). Of the rest 114 patients, 51 cases underwent a full-thickness biopsy, and HD was excluded; sixty-three patients were thoroughly followed-up with no evidence of HD. We encountered two false-negatives and they were proved to be short segment HD after the surgery. The sensitivity and specificity rates of our diagnostic protocol was 96.49% (95% CI, 0.88-0.99) and 100% (95% CI, 0.97-1.00), respectively, excluding 5 patients with inconclusive results. Our findings demonstrated that calretinin coupled with S100 and PGP9.5 immunostaining on suction rectal biopsies is sensitive and specific for diagnosing HD. PMID:27508037

  9. Antibodies in the diagnosis of coeliac disease: a biopsy-controlled, international, multicentre study of 376 children with coeliac disease and 695 controls.

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    Johannes Wolf

    Full Text Available Diagnosis of coeliac disease (CD relies on a combination of clinical, genetic, serological and duodenal morphological findings. The ESPGHAN suggested that biopsy may not be necessary in all cases. New guidelines include omission of biopsy if the concentration of CD-specific antibodies exceeds 10 times the upper limit of normal (10 ULN and other criteria are met. We analysed the 10 ULN criterion and investigated multiple antibody-assays. Serum was collected from 1071 children with duodenal biopsy (376 CD patients, 695 disease-controls. IgA-antibodies to tissue transglutaminase (IgA-aTTG, IgG-antibodies to deamidated gliadin peptides (IgG-aDGL and IgA-endomysium antibodies (IgA-EMA were measured centrally. We considered 3 outcomes for antibody test procedures utilizing IgA-aTTG and/or IgG-aDGL: positive (≥10 ULN, recommend gluten-free diet, negative (90% and PPV/NPV >95%. These stringent conditions were met for appropriate antibody-procedures over a prevalence range of 9-57%. By combining IgG-aDGL with IgA-aTTG, one could do without assaying total IgA. The PPV of IgG-aDGL was estimated to be extremely high, although more studies are necessary to narrow down the LCB. The proportion of patients requiring a biopsy was <11%. The procedures were either equivalent or even better in children <2 years compared to older children. All 310 of the IgA-aTTG positive children were also IgA-EMA positive. Antibody-assays could render biopsies unnecessary in most children, if experienced paediatric gastroenterologists evaluate the case. This suggestion only applies to the kits used here and should be verified for other available assays. Confirming IgA-aTTG positivity (≥10 ULN by EMA-testing is unnecessary if performed on the same blood sample. Prospective studies are needed.

  10. Association between sonographic diagnosis of fatty liver with histopathologic abnormalities and liver biopsy findings in middle age patient with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalantari, Hamid; Moradi, Farhad; Hassanzade, Akbar

    2016-01-01

    Background: Liver biopsy is required to diagnose non-alcoholic steatohepatitis in patients with suspected non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study aimed to examine the relationship between sonographic diagnosis of fatty liver with histopathologic abnormalities and liver biopsy findings in patient with NAFLD. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 180 patients, with an age range of 18-60 year old, with NAFLD based on ultrasonograghic findings were evaluated. Age, sex, body mass index, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, family history of liver disease and laboratory parameters recorded for all patients. Hence, grade of steatosis and stage of fibrosis were evaluated by liver biopsy. Results: A total of 220 patients were enrolled. Liver biopsy was performed in 180 patients. Mean age was 43 ± 10.6 years old and 66% were male. Ultrasonograghic findings showed mild, moderate and severe NAFLD was define in 100 (55.5%), 72 (40%) and 8 (4.5%) of patients, respectively. Liver biopsies showed that steatosis scores of <5%, 5-33% and 33-66% was define in 56 (31%), 116 (64%) and 9 (5%) of patients, respectively. Furthermore, fibrosis was defined as follow; none 92 (51%), mild 68 (38%), moderate 11 (6%), bridging 5 (3%) and cirrhosis 3 (2%) patients. There was no statistically significant relationship between ultrasonograghic findings and steatosis scores (P = 0.44), but statistically significant relationship was found between ultrasonograghic findings and fibrosis stage (P = 0.017). Conclusion: Findings revealed that, in patients with NAFLD, ultrasonographic finding were not in associate to steatosis, but were in relation with fibrosis stage. PMID:27563632

  11. Aspiration pneumonia of mineral oil: a case report; Pneumonia por aspiracao de oleo mineral: relato de um caso

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Malheiros, Noemia Reis; Costa Praxedes, Marcia da; Machado, Dianne Mello; Marchiori, Edson [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Hospital Universitario Antonio Pedro. Dept. de Radiologia; Morandi, Jose Laerte J.B. [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Hospital Universitario Antonio Pedro. Dept. Materno-Infantil; Teixeira, Graca Helena M.C. [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil)

    1995-07-01

    The authors report a case of 14 month-old boy with clinical features of dyspnea, cough and acrocyanosis following aspiration of mineral oil used in the treatment of partial small bowel obstruction by Ascaris lumbricoides. A chest roentgenogram was reported as extensive bilateral confluent consolidation that showed progressive improvement and the presence of a bilateral infiltration. The diagnosis of aspiration pneumonia of mineral oil was confirmed by lung biopsy. Radiological and anatomo pathological aspects are presented as well as a review of the medical literature about the case. (author). 6 refs., 3 figs.

  12. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration for the diagnosis of thoracic sarcoidosis%应用支气管内超声引导针吸活检术诊断胸部结节病

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵辉; 姜冠潮; 刘军; 王俊; 周足力; 李运; 杨德松; 隋锡朝; 陈克终; 李晓; 李剑锋

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluated the role of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in the diagnosis of thoracic sarcoidosis.Methods The study was retrospective,from September 2009 to June 2011,35 patients with suspected sarcoidosis,with enlarged hilar or mediastinal lymph nodes on computed tomography ( ≥1.0 cm),underwent EBUS-TBNA.Patients in whom EBUS-TBNA was nondiagnostic subsequently underwent surgical biopsy or a minimum of 6 months clinical and radiologic follow-up.Results EBUS-TBNA was performed on a total of 87 lymph node stations in 35 patients.Of the enlarged lymph nodes,64 (73.6%) were located in the mediastinal region and the remaining 23 ( 26.4% ) around the hilar or interlobar area.A final diagnosis of sarcoidosis was made for 28 (80%) of the patients.In patients with a final diagnosis of sarcoidosis,EBUS-TBNA demonstrated noncaseating epithelioid cell granulomas in 25 ( 89.3% ) of the patients.EBUS was well tolerated by all of the patients with no complications.Conclusion EBUS-TBNA is a safe procedure with a high yield for the diagnoses of thoracic sarcoidosis of stage Ⅰ or Ⅱ.%目的 探讨支气管内超声引导针吸活检术(endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration,EBUS-TBNA)诊断胸部结节病的价值.方法 回顾性分析2009年9月至2011年6月接受EBUS-TBNA检查的35例临床拟诊胸部结节病患者的临床资料,所有患者术前胸部CT检查均发现肺门和(或)纵隔淋巴结肿大(≥1.O cm).对于EBUS-TBNA未能明确诊断的患者,进一步接受外科手术活检或至少6个月以上的临床及影像学随访.结果 35例患者,经EBUS-TBNA活检87组淋巴结,其中纵隔淋巴结64组,肺门及叶间淋巴结23组.最终明确诊断胸部结节病28例(80%),其中经EBUS-TBNA明确诊断25例(89.3%).所有患者检查耐受良好,无任何相关并发症发生.结论 EBUS-TBNA 是一种安全有效的诊断方法,对于Ⅰ、Ⅱ期胸部结节病有较高的诊断率.

  13. 气道内超声定位下经支气管针吸术对肺癌的诊断价值%The Value of Endobronchial Ultrasound-guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration in Diagnosis of Lung Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱艳霞; 许继红; 罗国仕; 魏娜; 唐以军; 刘玉全; 熊畅

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨气道内超声定位下经支气管针吸术(TBNA)在肺癌诊断中的应用价值.方法:对33例支气管镜检查呈外压性隆起,和/或有纵隔或肺门淋巴结转移的可疑肺癌患者行气道内超声检查,在超声定位下行TBNA.术前常规支气管镜均未能确诊,且不能通过经皮肺穿刺获取病变组织.结果:33例患者中,1例支气管镜示外压性隆起,超声显示为血管,未行穿刺,32例行TBNA,诊断肺癌敏感性、特异性和准确性分别为96.3%、100%和96.9%,其中诊断肺癌26例(81.3%)、淋巴结结核3例(9.4%)、结节病1例(3.1%)、2例未能明确诊断(1例外科手术后病检证实为结核).全部患者未出现任何与穿刺相关严重并发症.结论:气道内超声是一项安全、有效的新型内镜检查辅助工具,它能帮助定位支气管腔外病灶和纵隔、肺门淋巴结,引导TBNA,为肺癌诊断和分期提供了一种新的方法,具有微创、准确、安全的特点.%Objective To explore the clinical value of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (TB-NA) in the diagnosis of lung cancer. Methods The endobronchial ultrasound-guided TBNA were underwent in 33 suspected lung cancer patients with external compression uplift examed by bronchoscopy, and/or mediastinal or hilar lymph node metastasis detected by chest CT, that could not confirm by conventional bronchoscopy and obtain pathological tissue through percutaneous lung biopsy. Results In all 33 patients,the result of endobronchial ultrasound was vascular in one case with external compression uplift examed by electronic bronchoscopy. The sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy of TBNA in the diagnosis of another 32 cases were 96. 3% , 100% and 96.9% ,respectively,in which 26 cases(81. 3% ) were diagnosed as lung cancer,3 cases(9. 1% ) were diagnosed as lymph node tuberculosis,one case(3. 0% ) was diagnosed as sar-coidosis and two cases could not be diagnosed( one

  14. Next-generation sequencing for molecular diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma specimens obtained by fine needle aspiration cytology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, Tian; Guo, Huiqin; Zhao, Huan; Wang, Luhua; Zhang, Zhihui

    2015-06-01

    Identification of multi-gene variations has led to the development of new targeted therapies in lung adenocarcinoma patients, and identification of an appropriate patient population with a reliable screening method is the key to the overall success of tumor targeted therapies. In this study, we used the Ion Torrent next-generation sequencing (NGS) technique to screen for mutations in 89 cases of lung adenocarcinoma metastatic lymph node specimens obtained by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). Of the 89 specimens, 30 (34%) were found to harbor epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinase domain mutations. Seven (8%) samples harbored KRAS mutations, and three (3%) samples had BRAF mutations involving exon 11 (G469A) and exon 15 (V600E). Eight (9%) samples harbored PIK3CA mutations. One (1%) sample had a HRAS G12C mutation. Thirty-two (36%) samples (36%) harbored TP53 mutations. Other genes including APC, ATM, MET, PTPN11, GNAS, HRAS, RB1, SMAD4 and STK11 were found each in one case. Our study has demonstrated that NGS using the Ion Torrent technology is a useful tool for gene mutation screening in lung adenocarcinoma metastatic lymph node specimens obtained by FNAC, and may promote the development of new targeted therapies in lung adenocarcinoma patients.

  15. 超声引导下肾活检的临床应用%Applicable value of ultrasound-guided renal biopsy in diagnosis of kidney diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦卫平; 王萍; 付文静

    2008-01-01

    Objective To explore the applicable value of ultrasound guidance in percutaneous renal biopsy. Methods 168 patients with kidney diseases underwent ultrasound-guided renal biopsy. Pathological examination was conducted. Predictors of successful rate were assessed by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results Successful biopsy was achieved in 157 of the 168 patients with a success rate of 93.45%. Satisfying results were obtained from 143 of the 157 samples and normal renal tissues were reported in 14 samples. No serious adverse events were observed in this study. The successful biopsy rate of female patients was 89.16%, significantly lower than that of the male patients (97.65%, P < 0.05). Age,puncture times, thickness of renal cortex, and type of clinical diagnosis were not significantly correlated with the successful rate of biopsy. Conclusion Ultrasound-guided renal biopsy is a kind of safe diagnostic method for kidney disease. The successful rate of renal biopsy in females is lower than that in males.%目的 探讨超声引导下肾穿刺活检术的临床应用.方法 回顾分析了首都医科大学宣武医院168例肾脏病患者在超声引导下行经皮肾脏活检术,对影响穿刺成功率的有关因素运用多因素Logistic回归法进行分析.结果 168例患者中,157例取得足够病理诊断的肾组织样品,其中14例病理证实为正常肾组织,11例未成功.本研究中所有病例未发现严重并发症.穿刺成功率与性别相关(P<0.05),与年龄、穿刺针数、肾实质厚度以及临床诊断类型无关.结论 超声引导下肾穿刺活检术是诊断肾脏疾病的一种安全方法 ,女性患者较男性患者成功率低.

  16. Fine-needle aspiration diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma in a lymph node involved with small lymphocytic lymphoma: case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McElroy, Clinton; Velilla, Rowena; Chaudhary, Humera; Al-Abbadi, Mousa A

    2009-01-01

    Diagnosis of two distinct malignant entities existing concurrently and at the same location (synchronous malignancy) by fine- needle aspiration (FNA) is unusual but may occur. Small lymphocytic lymphoma/chronic lymphocytic leukemia (SLL/CLL) in particular is associated with an increased incidence of secondary tumor, likely due to associated immunodeficiency. Co-occurrence of some carcinomas such as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), may show especially aggressive behavior. A 57-year-old Caucasian male presented with recurrent upper extremity lymphedema and diffuse lymphadenopathy of the axillary and cervical regions. FNA of a large cervical lymph node was diagnostic for both atypical lymphocytic proliferation and SCC. Flow cytometric analysis showed the atypical lymphocytic proliferation to be positive for CD5, CD23, CD19, CD20, HLA-DR, CD38, and the population was kappa light chain restricted. These cells were negative for CD-10 and FMC-7 antigens, suggesting a phenotype of B-cell SLL/CLL. We report a rare occurrence of metastatic SCC to a lymph node infiltrated by SLL/CLL. The diagnosis was achieved by a combination of cytomorphologic examination of FNA smears, immunohistochemical staining of cell block material, and flow cytometry on the sample obtained by FNA. To the best of our knowledge, only three cases of SCC metastasis to SLL/CLL diagnosed by FNA have been reported in the English literature. Though rare, awareness of such a possibility and careful cytological examination under the appropriate clinical conditions is warranted. PMID:18973126

  17. 78 FR 66932 - Scientific Information Request on Core Needle and Open Surgical Biopsy for Diagnosis of Breast...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-07

    ... assessments of diagnostic performance quantify the sensitivity and the specificity of each index test--here... characteristics, number of patients screened/eligible/enrolled/lost to follow-up/withdrawn/analyzed, effectiveness... abnormality, what is the test performance of different types of core-needle breast biopsy when compared...

  18. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration for the diagnosis of intrathoracic lymphadenopathy in patients with extrathoracic malignancy: A study in a tuberculosis-endemic country

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Akif Özgül

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Mediastinal lymphadenopathy in patients with malignancy is a common clinical problem in tuberculosis-endemic countries. The recently developed endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA procedure enables direct and real-time aspiration of mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes. The aim of the study was to determine the efficacy of EBUS-TBNA results in the evaluation of mediastinal lymph nodes in patients with extrathoracic malignancy. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed in 40 patients with proven (n = 38 or suspected metastasis of unknown origin (n = 2 who underwent EBUS-TBNA between July 2007 and August 2011. Results: All 40 patients successfully underwent EBUS-TBNA and no complications were observed. EBUS-TBNA diagnosed metastasis from extrathoracic malignancy in 16 (40% patients, new lung cancer in 2 (5%, reactive lymph node in 9 (22.5%, sarcoidosis in 5 (12.5%, anthracosis in 5 (12.5% and tuberculosis in 3 (7.5%. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV, negative predictive value (NPV and accuracy of EBUS-TBNA based on the number of patients were 90.0%, 100%, 100%, 90.9% and 95.0%, respectively. In 33 patients with available data of fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET/computed tomography (CT scans, the diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV and accuracy of PET/CT scan based on the number of patients were 94.7%, 35.7%, 66.6%, 83.3%, and 69.6%, respectively. The association between larger lymph node size on EBUS and malignancy of lymph node sample on pathological examination was statistically significant (P = 0.018. Conclusions: EBUS-TBNA is a sensitive, specific, minimally invasive and a safe procedure for the diagnosis of mediastinal and hilar metastasis from extrapulmonary malignancy in a tuberculosis-endemic country.

  19. The Role of Biopsy in Pediatric Dermatopathology

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    Fatma Şule Afşa

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Design: Pediatric dermatology is characterized by skin disorders which have frequencies different from those in adults. Skin biopsies are necessary for differential diagnosis and clinicopathologic correlation is very important. The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the pediatric dermatology cases in whom biopsy was performed for differential diagnosis and to investigate the contribution of biopsy to diagnosis of skin disorders. Material and Methods: The cases from whom biopsy was taken in the pediatric dermatology clinic during a three-year period were evaluated retrospectively for pre-diagnoses, biopsy diagnoses, and success of biopsies.Results: Two hundred thirteen (1.7% skin biopsies had been taken from a total of 12420 patients. Henoch-Schönlein purpura, psoriasis, pityriasis lichenoides, pityriasis rosea, lichen planus, pityriasis rubra pilaris, erythema multiforme, atopic dermatitis, granuloma annulare, and pigmented purpuric dermatosis were the most frequent skin disorders diagnosed dermatopathologically. In a total of 120 (56.3% cases, the biopsy diagnosis was within the pre-diagnosis and a biopsy consistency was present. In 25 (11.7% cases, biopsy had no contribution to the differential diagnosis. An absolutely different diagnosis which was incompatible with the pre-diagnosis had been reported in 10 (4.6% cases. Conclusion: In pediatric dermatology, skin biopsy is very helpful for the differential diagnosis. An easy biopsy procedure for the patient, an effective designation of biopsy indication, a good dermatopathologic correlation and an experienced team of pediatric dermatopathology increase the success of skin biopsies.

  20. Fine Needle Aspiration Using Improved Agar Microbiopsy is Highly Concordant With Renal Mass Final Diagnosis and Subclassification

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schieven, Louise W.; Smedts, Frank; Hopman, Anton H.; van der Wijk, Jan; Nijman, Rien J.; de Jong, Igle J.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: Computerized tomography and ultrasound are usually sufficient for preoperative evaluation of renal masses greater than 5 cm. For renal masses less than 5 cm additional histological evaluation could improve diagnosis and treatment decisions. We investigated the concordance between an improve

  1. Feasibility of telecytopathology for rapid preliminary diagnosis of ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration of axillary lymph nodes in a remote breast care center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamal K Khurana

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In the recent years, the advances in digital methods in pathology have resulted in the use of telecytology in the immediate assessment of fine needle aspiration (FNA specimens. However, there is a need for organ-based and body site-specific studies on the use of telecytology for the immediate assessment of FNA to evaluate its pitfalls and limitations. We present our experience with the use of telecytology for on-site evaluation of ultrasound-guided FNA (USG-FNA of axillary lymph nodes in a remote breast care center. Materials and Methods: Real-time images of Diff-Quik-stained cytology smears were obtained with an Olympus digital camera attached to an Olympus CX41 microscope and transmitted via ethernet by a cytotechnologist to a pathologist who rendered preliminary diagnosis while communicating with the on-site cytotechnologist over the Vocera system. The accuracy of the preliminary diagnosis was compared with the final diagnosis, retrospectively. Results: A total of 39 female patients (mean age: 50.5 years seen at the breast care center underwent USG-FNA of 44 axillary nodes. Preliminary diagnoses of benign, suspicious/malignant, and unsatisfactory were 41, 52, and 7%, respectively. Only one of the 23 cases that were initially interpreted as benign was reclassified as suspicious on final cytologic diagnosis. Seventeen of 18 suspicious/malignant cases on initial cytology corresponded with a malignant diagnosis on final cytology. One suspicious case was reclassified as benign on final cytologic diagnosis. All unsatisfactory cases remained inadequate for final cytologic interpretation. The presence of additional material in the cell block and interpretative error were the main reasons for discrepancy, accounting for the two discrepant cases. Conclusions: This retrospective study demonstrates that the on-site telecytology evaluation of USG-FNA of axillary lymph nodes in patients at a remote breast care center was highly accurate

  2. UTILITY OF CELL BLOCK TECHNIQUE BY MICROWAVE PROCESSING FOR RAPID DIAGNOSIS IN FLUIDS AND FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATES

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    Shailaja

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available : INTRODUCTION: The present study was carried out to evaluate the cell block technique prepared out of the residue of fluids and fine needle aspirate (FNA samples after routine cytological processing. In addition it was processed in a microwave to facilitate early reporting. Aims and OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to correlate the cytological findings with those of cell block sections and to establish the microwave processing technique in preparation of paraffin blocks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 samples were studied over a two year period. They comprised of 64 fluids and 36 FNA samples. In 88 cases, both cytology and histology were available for correlation. For cell block preparation, the modified plasma-thrombin technique and for microwave processing, the modified Bellotti’s technique were used respectively. RESULTS: Positive correlation between cell block and cytology for malignant and benign lesions in fluid specimens was seen in 21.87% and 51.56% cases respectively. Positive correlation between cell block and cytology for malignant and benign lesions in FNA specimens was seen in 47.22% and 33.33% cases respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of cell blocks and cytology smears were calculated. Also the use of microwave processing allowed us to give report on the same day without affecting the quality of sections and staining. CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicates that even after cytological processing of fluids and FNA specimens, some residue is left behind which may contain valuable diagnostic material which can be processed further as a cell block. In addition, microwave processing gives the added benefit of rapid reports without compromise in the quality of reports.

  3. Computed tomography-guided needle biopsy of lung lesions in fourteen cats and dogs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Computed tomography (CT)-guided fine-needle aspirates (FNA) or core biopsies of lung lesions were performed in nine dogs and five cats. A clinical diagnosis was obtained in twelve of fourteen animals (85%), namely 80% FNA and 100% core biopsies. Eight animals had other mass (es) apart from the lung, and five were diagnosed to metastases. In only one case, the lung mass was histopathologically diagnosed as a malignant primary tumor. Iatrogenic complications through the lung biopsies were noted in four animals, and three showed mild pneumothorax on CT images and one was bleeding from the needle. However, between fifteen and thirty minutes after the biopsy, no animal indicated signs of pneumothorax or hemorrhage

  4. Needle core biopsy for breast lesions: An audit of 467 needle core biopsies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selvi Radhakrishna

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Breast cancer is the commonest cancer among women in urban India. Triple assessment includes clinical, radiological and cytological assessment of breast lesions. Guided core needle biopsy has replaced fine needle aspiration cytology in most of the western countries. In resource poor countries FNAC is still a very valuable and cost effective method to diagnose breast lesions. Pitfalls include increased rates of non diagnostic smears, and inadequate smears. Further procedures may be required and this increases the cost, anxiety and delay in diagnosis. Aims: The aim of this study is to analyze the concordance of radiological and histopathology findings in BI-RADS category 3,4,5 lesions following a core biopsy. Materials and Methods: Data was retrospectively collected from consecutive symptomatic and opportunistic screen detected patients with abnormalities who underwent ultrasound guided interventional procedures from Jan 2010 to Aug 2011. Symptomatic patients underwent clinical examination, mammogram and breast ultrasound. Women under 35 years of age had only breast ultrasound. Core biopsy was performed under ultrasound guidance or clinically by a breast surgeon/ radiologist for BI-RADS category 3,4,5 lesions. Statistical Methods: Chi square test was done to show the strength of association of imaging findings and histopathology results of core biopsy. Results: 437 patients were symptomatic and 30 patients had screen detected abnormalities. The positive predictive value for BI-RADS 5 lesions for malignancy is 93.25% and the negative predictive value of BI-RADS category 3 lesions for cancer is 98.4%. False negative diagnosis on core biopsy was 0.85%. We were able to defer surgery in 60% of the patients with a clear radiological and pathological benign diagnosis. Conclusion: The PPV and NPV for cancer is high with needle core biopsy in BI-RADS 3,4,5 lesions. Where there is no discordance between clinical, radiology and pathology findings

  5. Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided trucut biopsy for the preoperative diagnosis of peripancreatic castleman's disease: A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kyoung Hoon Rhee; Sang Soo Lee; Joo Ryung Huh

    2008-01-01

    Castleman's disease (CD) of the pancreas/peripancreas is extremely rare. The recently introduced, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)-guided trucut biopsy (TCB) is a useful diagnostic modality for obtaining tissue samples from peripancreatic lesions. However, its role in diagnosing CD remains unknown. We report a case of localized, peripancreatic, hyaline-vascular CD biopsied using EUS. The pathology results were initially interpreted as an extranodal, marginal-zone B-cell lymphoma. However, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) study for the IgH gene rearrangement revealed a polyclonal pattern. We also reviewed the relevant literature. To our knowledge, this is the first illustrated report on EUS-TCB findings of CD with its pathology results of EUS-TCB mimicked a B-cell lymphoma.

  6. Fine needle aspiration cytology findings in cases diagnosed as oropharyngeal tularemia lymphadenitis (Erratum was published in Vol 24 Number 1, 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Banu DOĞAN GÜN

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Francisella tularensis is a gram-negative coccobacilus that causes zoonotic disease tularemia. Histopathological examination of lymph node biopsy in tularemia reveals suppurative granulomatous inflammation potentially associated caseous necrosis. Diagnosis is mainly made on the evidence of elevated agglutinating antibodies against F. Tularensis. In this study we aimed to evaluate the cytological features of ulceroglandular tularemia cases and to demonstrate the role of fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of tularemia.Fine needle aspiration cytology findings of six cervical lymphadenopaties that had established diagnoses of tularemia both clinically and serologically, were evaluated and the cytomorphological features were described.All of the cases revealed suppurative inflammation and some caseous necrosis and in four cases epithelioid histiocytes and multinuclear giant cells were observed additionally.The differential diagnosis of tularemia principally from tuberculosis and other types of bacterial lymphadenitis was made and the place of fine needle aspiration cytology among other diagnostic laboratory tests for tularemia was evaluated.

  7. Ecotoxicological diagnosis of striped dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba) from the Mediterranean basin by skin biopsy and gene expression approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panti, Cristina; Spinsanti, Giacomo; Marsili, Letizia; Casini, Silvia; Frati, Francesco; Fossi, Maria Cristina

    2011-11-01

    Mediterranean cetacean odontocetes are exposed to environmental stress, in particular to persistent organic pollutants, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and trace elements. In the present study, the response of "gene-expression biomarkers" was evaluated in Mediterranean striped dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba) skin biopsies collected in three sampling areas: Pelagos sanctuary (Ligurian sea), Ionian sea, and Strait of Gibraltar. The mRNA levels of five putative biomarker genes (aryl hydrocarbon receptor, E2F-1 transcription factor, cytochrome P450 1A, estrogen receptor 1, and heat shock protein 70) were measured for the first time by quantitative real-time PCR in cetacean skin biopsies. The different responses of most of the genes reflected contamination levels in the three sampling areas. Pelagos sanctuary dolphins appeared to be the most exposed to toxicological stress, having the highest up-regulation of CYP1A and AHR. Moreover, a cluster analysis distinguished the populations on the basis of the gene expression biomarker used in our study, showing different pattern between Mediterranean sea and Strait of Gibraltar. Our results suggest that this molecular approach applied to non-destructive biopsy material is a powerful diagnostic tool for evaluating ecotoxicological impact on cetacean populations. PMID:21695511

  8. Ecotoxicological diagnosis of striped dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba) from the Mediterranean basin by skin biopsy and gene expression approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panti, Cristina; Spinsanti, Giacomo; Marsili, Letizia; Casini, Silvia; Frati, Francesco; Fossi, Maria Cristina

    2011-11-01

    Mediterranean cetacean odontocetes are exposed to environmental stress, in particular to persistent organic pollutants, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and trace elements. In the present study, the response of "gene-expression biomarkers" was evaluated in Mediterranean striped dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba) skin biopsies collected in three sampling areas: Pelagos sanctuary (Ligurian sea), Ionian sea, and Strait of Gibraltar. The mRNA levels of five putative biomarker genes (aryl hydrocarbon receptor, E2F-1 transcription factor, cytochrome P450 1A, estrogen receptor 1, and heat shock protein 70) were measured for the first time by quantitative real-time PCR in cetacean skin biopsies. The different responses of most of the genes reflected contamination levels in the three sampling areas. Pelagos sanctuary dolphins appeared to be the most exposed to toxicological stress, having the highest up-regulation of CYP1A and AHR. Moreover, a cluster analysis distinguished the populations on the basis of the gene expression biomarker used in our study, showing different pattern between Mediterranean sea and Strait of Gibraltar. Our results suggest that this molecular approach applied to non-destructive biopsy material is a powerful diagnostic tool for evaluating ecotoxicological impact on cetacean populations.

  9. ROLE OF FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION CYTOLOGY IN DIAGNOSIS OF SOFT TISSUE TUMOURS; BENEFITS AND LIMITATIONS: A TWO YEAR RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shalija

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Soft tissues are the nonepithelial extraskeletal connective tissues of the body, excluding supporting tissues of the internal organs, glia and hematopoietic tissues. FNAC of soft tissue swelling is becoming more popular recently because of being minimally invasive technique, relatively cheap cost and safety along with fair specificity and sensitivity. AIM To review the role of FNAC in diagnosing soft tissue tumours and to establish cytological criteria for the most encountered STT. METHODS This retrospective study was done in Department of Pathology for a period two years. A total of 4508 FNA were performed. 104 aspirations were done from soft tissue swellings. Air dried and wet fixed smears were stained with Giemsa and Papanicolaou stain respectively. RESULTS Among 104 STT, 86 (82.3% were diagnosed as benign lesions while 18 cases (17.3% were malignant. Benign lesions-17 (16.3% patients were diagnosed as benign fibrous histiocytoma followed by ganglion cyst in 14(13.5% cases. 13 cases (12.5% were diagnosed as haemangioma while 9 cases (8.7% were categorized as benign spindle cell lesion. 6 cases (5.8% each of neurofibroma and GCT of tendon sheath were reported. 6 infants (5.8% were diagnosed as infantile fibromatosis. 5 cases (4.7% were reported as schwannoma. 3 cases (2.9% each of proliferative fasciitis and nodular fasciitis were diagnosed. There were 3 cases (2.9% reported as lymphangioma. One case (1% was diagnosed as desmoid fibromatosis. Malignant lesions-Among them, 3 cases (2.9% were reported as MFH. Biphasic synovial sarcoma was diagnosed in 2 patients (1.9%. 2 cases (1.9% were reported as low grade myxoid sarcoma. 1 case (1% was diagnosed as MPNST. GIST was diagnosed in 1(1% patient. One (1% of the patients presented with swelling in scapular region. This was categorized under malignant round cell tumour category. 8 cases (7.6% were diagnosed as undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma. CONCLUSION With adequate material, FNAC

  10. Diagnosis of prostate cancer in patients with persistently elevated PSA and tumor-negative biopsy in ambulatory care. Performance of MR imaging in a multi-reader environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: False-negative results are obtained in approx. 20 % of prostate cancer (PCa) patients (pts) at initial systematic transrectal biopsy (Bx), in particular when digital rectal examination (DRE) or transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) is negative. The aim of this study was to assess whether MR endorectal imaging of the prostate in a multi-reader ambulatory care setting may assist in patient selection for re-biopsy. Materials and Methods: 115 consecutive pts with persistent PSA elevation, negative Bx, DRE and TRUS were examined using T2w axial and coronal and T1w axial sequences for tumor diagnosis. MR images were prospectively read as tumor-suspicious or tumor-negative by the MR radiologist on duty. Additionally, a retrospective readout of a prostate MR expert and an abdominal imaging fellowship-trained radiologist was performed to evaluate the effect of the reader's experience on tumor detection. Imaging findings were compared to the results of the repeat Bx (61 pts) or the clinical course of at least two years. Results: For the prospective reading, the sensitivity of MRI was 83 %, the specificity was 69 %, the PPV was 33 % and the NPV was 96 %. ROC analysis revealed a significantly better performance of the prostate MR imaging expert compared to the abdominal imaging radiologist (area under ROC 0.88 vs. 0.66, p < 0.001). Based on the prospective reading, a pre-test probability for PCa of 17.4 % as in our study can be reduced to 5 % when obtaining a tumor-negative result in MRI. Conclusion: MR imaging in a multi-reader ambulatory care setting assists in patient selection for re-biopsy. Reducing the post-test probability for PCa to 5 % allows for further follow-up instead of re-biopsy in MR tumor-negative patients. Specific training and experience improve tumor detection in prostate MR imaging. (orig.)

  11. Diagnosis of prostate cancer in patients with persistently elevated PSA and tumor-negative biopsy in ambulatory care. Performance of MR imaging in a multi-reader environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scheidler, J. [Radiologisches Zentrum Muenchen-Pasing, Muenchen (Germany); Weoeres, I.; Scharf, M.; Siebels, M. [Urologische Gemeinschaftspraxis Pasing (Germany); Brinkschmidt, C. [Gemeinschaftspraxis Pathologie, Starnberg (Germany); Zeitler, H.; Heuck, A. [Radiologisches Zentrum Muenchen (Germany); Panzer, S. [Unfallklinik Murnau (Germany). Radiologie

    2012-02-15

    Purpose: False-negative results are obtained in approx. 20 % of prostate cancer (PCa) patients (pts) at initial systematic transrectal biopsy (Bx), in particular when digital rectal examination (DRE) or transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) is negative. The aim of this study was to assess whether MR endorectal imaging of the prostate in a multi-reader ambulatory care setting may assist in patient selection for re-biopsy. Materials and Methods: 115 consecutive pts with persistent PSA elevation, negative Bx, DRE and TRUS were examined using T2w axial and coronal and T1w axial sequences for tumor diagnosis. MR images were prospectively read as tumor-suspicious or tumor-negative by the MR radiologist on duty. Additionally, a retrospective readout of a prostate MR expert and an abdominal imaging fellowship-trained radiologist was performed to evaluate the effect of the reader's experience on tumor detection. Imaging findings were compared to the results of the repeat Bx (61 pts) or the clinical course of at least two years. Results: For the prospective reading, the sensitivity of MRI was 83 %, the specificity was 69 %, the PPV was 33 % and the NPV was 96 %. ROC analysis revealed a significantly better performance of the prostate MR imaging expert compared to the abdominal imaging radiologist (area under ROC 0.88 vs. 0.66, p < 0.001). Based on the prospective reading, a pre-test probability for PCa of 17.4 % as in our study can be reduced to 5 % when obtaining a tumor-negative result in MRI. Conclusion: MR imaging in a multi-reader ambulatory care setting assists in patient selection for re-biopsy. Reducing the post-test probability for PCa to 5 % allows for further follow-up instead of re-biopsy in MR tumor-negative patients. Specific training and experience improve tumor detection in prostate MR imaging. (orig.)

  12. The diagnosis of non-malignant papillary lesions of the breast: comparison of ultrasound-guided automated gun biopsy and vacuum-assisted removal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, M.J. [Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Yonsei University Heath System, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, S.-I. [Department of Surgery, Yonsei University Heath System, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Youk, J.H.; Moon, H.J.; Kwak, J.Y. [Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Yonsei University Heath System, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Park, B.-W. [Department of Surgery, Yonsei University Heath System, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, E.-K., E-mail: ekkim@yuhs.a [Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Yonsei University Heath System, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-06-15

    Aim: To compare the histological upgrade rate of ultrasound (US)-guided vacuum-assisted removal (VAR) and US-14 G-automated core needle biopsy (ACNB) in the diagnosis of papillary breast lesions. Materials and methods: Two hundred and seventy-one biopsies of 230 papillary lesions were examined, which underwent subsequent surgical excision or long-term follow-up after US-ACNB (n = 206) or US-VAR (n = 65). The false-negative and atypical papilloma underestimation rate were compared between the ACNB and VAR groups. Patient and lesion characteristics were collected. The histological upgrade rates of the diagnosis were estimated and compared. Results: Out of 271 papillary lesions, 195 (80.0%) were benign, 21 (7.7%) were atypical, and 55 (20.3%) were malignant. There were no false negatives or underestimated atypical papillomas in the VAR group. However, in the ACNB group, the false-negative rate was 7.6% (12 of 157 benign papillomas, 95% CI; 4.4-12.9%, p = 0.039) and the atypical papilloma underestimation rate was 33% (five of 15 atypical papillomas, 95% CI; 15.2-58.3%, p = 0.135). The histological upgrade rates of the diagnosis for papillary breast lesions were 0% for the VAR (0 of 66) group and 10.2% for the ACNB (21 of 206) group before adjusting for the population (p = 0.003). Conclusions: ACNB was associated with significantly higher false-negative and histological upgrade rates of diagnosis for papillary breast lesions than VAR.

  13. 针吸细胞块技术在肺癌诊断及鉴别诊断中的意义%The significance of fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of lung cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张闽峰; 郭以河; 孟加榕; 禹乐

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨针吸细胞块技术,结合免疫组织化学检测在肺癌诊断中的意义.方法 收集120例锁骨上及颈部肿块,经细针穿刺涂片见到肿瘤细胞的病例,行细针穿刺抽吸细胞制做细胞块,常规切片,HE染色,免疫组织化学检测.结果 120例患者中转移性肺癌112例确诊率93.3% (112/120).112例肺癌中腺癌(包括细支气管肺泡癌)62例,鳞癌38例,小细胞癌8例,大细胞癌4例.其余8例中转移性胃癌4例;转移性乳腺癌2例;结核2例.肺腺癌TTF-1阳性表达阳性率93.5%(58/62);肺鳞癌P63阳性表达阳性率92.1%(35/38).结论 应用针吸细胞块技术结合免疫组织化学检测,能确定肿瘤组织学类型,提高细胞学诊断的准确性,有助于肺癌的诊断及鉴别诊断.%Objective To investigate the the significance of fine needle aspiration cytology combined with immunohistochemistry in the diagnosis of lung cancer. Methods Fine needle aspiration cytology was made in cell blocks on 120 cases with cervical nubble, and the casescervical nubbles were testified to be tumorous by fine needle aspiration cytology. The cell blocks were examined histopathological-ly and immunohistochemistry. Results Of the 120 cases, 112(93. 3% ) were metastatic lung cancer; 4 were metastatic gastric cancer; 2 were metastatic breast cancer and 2 were tuberculosis. In the 112 metastatic lung cancer cases, 62 cases were pulmonary adenocarcinoma, 38 cases were squamous cell carcinoma, 8 cases were small cell carcinoma and 4 cases big cell carcinoma. Of the 62 pulmonary adenocarcinoma, 58 (93. 5% ) expressed TTF-1 and of the 38 squamous cell carcinoma, 35 (92. 1% ) expressed P63. Conclusions The cell blocks technique combined with immunohistochemistry by fine needle aspiration cytology could determine the histology type of tumor and improve the accuracy of cytologic diagnosis, which is beneficial to the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of lung cancer.

  14. Evaluation of Sociodemographic Characteristics and the Relationship Between Initial Complaints and Histopathological Diagnosis of Patients Who Underwent Kidney Biopsy Procedure Between 2007-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Servet YÜKSEL

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between patients’ age, gender, body mass index, family history, initial complaints and histopathological diagnosis and progression to end stage renal failure. MATERIAL and METHODS: 268 patients, who had renal biopsy in GATA Nephrology Department between 2007 and 2011, included to the study. All of the patients had native renal biopsy. The patients’ clinical and pathological findings were compared with age, gender and other sociodemographic features. RESULTS: The mean age was 34±15 years among men and 47±17 years among women. The most common histopathological diagnosis was FSGS with the rate of 20.9% (n=56 and the second was IgA nephropathy with the rate of %18.7 (n=50. The rate for completely asymptomatic patients without any complaints or abnormal test results or patients who were determined during routine examination before the operation found to be 25,7% (n=69. Face and leg edema found to be the most common complaint. CONCLUSION: Fighting against risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, smoking, obesity, etc. even before the disease presents, which actually is the basis of preventive medicine; will slow down the progression of CKD, decrease mortality and morbidity, and thus will contribute to the country’s economy.

  15. Computed tomography-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy for diagnosis of mediastinal mass lesions: Experience with 110 cases in two university hospitals in Isfahan, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabbani, Masoud; Sarrami, Amir Hossein

    2016-01-01

    Background: Computed tomography-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy (PCNB) is a diagnostic technique for initial assessment of mediastinal mass lesions. This study was conducted to evaluate its diagnostic yield and its complication rate. Materials and Methods: We reviewed the records of CT-guided PCNB in 110 patients with mediastinal mass lesions performed in Kashani and Alzahra Hospitals, Isfahan, from 2006 to 2012. Gender, age at biopsy, size, and anatomic location of the lesion, number of passes, site of approach, complications, and final diagnosis were extracted. Results: Our series encompasses 52 (47.2%) females and 58 (52/7%) males with mean age of 41 ± 8 years. The most common site of involvement was the anterior mediastinum (91.8% of cases). An average of 3/5 passes per patient has been taken for tissue sampling. Parasternal site was the most frequent approach taken for PCNB (in 78.1% of cases). Diagnostic tissue was obtained in 99 (90%) biopsies while, in 11 (10%) cases, specimen materials were inadequate. Lymphoma (49.5%) and bronchogenic carcinoma (33.3%) were the most frequent lesions in our series. The overall complication rate was 17.2% from which 10.9% was pneumothorax, 5.4% was hemoptysis, and 0.9% was vasovagal reflex. Conclusion: CT-guided PCNB is a safe and reliable procedure that can provide a precise diagnosis for patients with both benign and malignant mediastinal masses, and it is considered the preferred first diagnostic procedure use for this purpose.

  16. Tongue biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - tongue ... A tongue biopsy can be done using a needle. You will get numbing medicine at the place where the ... provider will gently stick the needle into the tongue and remove a tiny piece of tissue. Some ...

  17. Parathyroid biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Feel The test feels like a quick needle jab or stick. You may feel a sting as ... activities the same day. Alternative Names Biopsy - parathyroid Images Endocrine glands Parathyroid biopsy References Pellitteri PK, Sofferman ...

  18. Ultrasound-guided renal biopsy with automated biopsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Pil Yeob; Kwon, Jae Soo [Masan Samsung Hospital, Masan (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-01-01

    To elevate the diagnostic yield and complications of percutaneous ultrasound-guided renal biopsy using a biopsy gun in patients with diffuse renal disease. Using an automated biopsy gun mounted with a 16 G needle, biopsies were performed on 90 patients with diffuse renal disease. In a total of 95 biopsies, diagnostic yield, the mean number of glomeruli and frequency of complication were retrospectively analysed. Tissue adequate for histological diagnosis was obtained in 92 % of procedures. Mean glomerular yield was 8.3, and complications were seen in 26% of the procedures, 25 % of these were minor, and 1% were major. For the diagnosis of diffuse renal disease, ultrasound-guided percutaneous renal biopsy using an automated biopsy gun is accurate and safe. (author). 25 refs., 1 tab.

  19. Performance of K-ras mutation analysis plus endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration for differentiating diagnosis of pancreatic solid mass: a meta-analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Ying; Hu Duanmin; Zhu Qi; Sun Yunwei

    2014-01-01

    Background Difficulties persist in differentiating pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDAC) from pancreatic inflammatory masses (PIM).Auxiliary diagnostic techniques which enhance the endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) diagnostic yield have been attempted,for example,K-ras mutation analysis.We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of K-ras mutation analysis combined with EUS-FNA for the differential diagnosis of PDAC and PIM by pooling data of existing trials.Methods We systematically searched the Medline,PubMed,Web of Science,Embase,and Cochrane Central Trials databases for relevant published studies.Meta-analysis was performed.Pooling was conducted in fixed-effect model or random-effect model.Results In total eight studies,with 696 cases of PDAC and 138 cases of PIM,met our inclusion criteria.The pooled sensitivity,specificity,positive likely ratio and negative likely ratio of K-ras mutation analysis combined with cytopathology for diagnosis of PDAC versus PIM were 90%,95%,13.45,and 0.13,respectively.Especially,among total 123 patients whose EUS-FNA results were inconclusive or negative,fifty-nine had K-ras mutations and were finally diagnosed with PDAC (48%,59/123).Publication bias was not present.Conclusions Combining K-ras mutation analysis with routine cytology moderately improves the ability of EUS-FNA to differentially diagnose between PDAC and PIM,especially for patients with suspected PDAC yet inconclusive EUS-FNA findings,and may prove to be a valuable supplemental method to EUS-FNA.

  20. The Value of Transbronchial Needle Aspiration Combined with Rapid On-site Evaluation of Cytology in the Diagnosis of Lung Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaishu LI

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective There have been several studys about transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA combined with rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE so far at home and abroad, yet few studys were especially for patients with lung cancer. The aim of our study is to investigate the effect of TBNA combined with ROSE in the diagnosis of lung cancer. Methods The data of the patients from December 2012 to December 2013, who were performed with TBNA and ultimately diagnosed with lung cancer in the People’s Hospital of Binzhou City, were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups, ROSE group (rapid on-site evaluation group and no-ROSE group (the group without rapid on-site evaluation. Among these patients, 37 patients were in the ROSE group and 32 patients were in the no-ROSE group. The result of ROSE and HE stain, the diagnostic yields and needle passes of each lymph node, the complication and cytology diagnostic cost of TBNA with ROSE and without ROSE were compared. Results The coherence of ROSE and HE stain was 94.1% (32/34. The diagnostic yields of TBNA were 91.9% (34/37 and 78.1% (25/32 in ROSE group and no-ROSE group respectively, no significant differences were found. But the median number of needle passes of each lymph node and the percentage of the complication in ROSE group and no-ROSE group was significantly lower (t=29.5, P<0.05 and χ2=4.4, P<0.05, respectively. The cytopathological diagnostic cost of ROSE group was significantly lower compared with no-Rose group (t=10.9, P<0.05. Conclusion TBNA combined with ROSE has good concordance with HE stain in the diagnosis of lung cancer, and could reduce the needle passes, cytopathological diagnostic cost and complication, worthy of popularized.

  1. Usefulness of conventional transbronchial needle aspiration in the diagnosis, staging and molecular characterization of pulmonary neoplasias by thin-prep based cytology: experience of a single oncological institute

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramieri, Maria Teresa; Marandino, Ferdinando; Visca, Paolo; Salvitti, Tommaso; Gallo, Enzo; Casini, Beatrice; Giordano, Francesca Romana; Frigieri, Claudia; Caterino, Mauro; Carlini, Sandro; Rinaldi, Massimo; Ceribelli, Anna; Pennetti, Annarita; Alò, Pier Luigi; Pescarmona, Edoardo; Filippetti, Massimo

    2016-01-01

    Background Conventional transbronchial needle aspiration (c-TBNA) contributed to improve the bronchoscopic examination, allowing to sample lesions located even outside the tracheo-bronchial tree and in the hilo-mediastinal district, both for diagnostic and staging purposes. Methods We have evaluated the sensitivity, accuracy, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of the c-TBNA performed during the 2005–2015 period for suspicious lung neoplasia and/or hilar and mediastinal lymphadenopathy at the Thoracic endoscopy of the Thoracic Surgery Department of the Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome. Data from 273 consecutive patients (205 males and 68 females) were analyzed. Results Among 158 (58%) adequate specimens, 112 (41%) were neoplastic or contained atypical cells, 46 (17%) were negative or not diagnostic. We considered in the analysis first the overall period; then we compared the findings of the first [2005–2011] and second period [2012–2015] and, finally, only those of adequate specimens. During the overall period, sensibility and accuracy values were respectively of 53% and 63%, in the first period they reached 41% and 53% respectively; in the second period sensibility and accuracy reached 60% and 68%. Considering only the adequate specimens, sensibility and accuracy during the overall period were respectively of 80% and 82%; the values obtained for the first period were 68% and 72%. Finally, in the second period, sensibility reached 86% and accuracy 89%. Carcinoma-subtyping was possible in 112 cases, adenocarcinomas being diagnosed in 50 cases; further, in 30 cases molecular predictive data could be obtained. Conclusions The c-TBNA proved to be an efficient method for the diagnosis/staging of lung neoplasms and for the diagnosis of mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Endoscopist’s skill and technical development, associated to thin-prep cytology and to a rapid on site examination (ROSE), were able to provide by c-TBNA a

  2. Copper-measurement in a muscle-biopsy. A possible method for postmortem diagnosis of Menkes disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tønnesen, T.; Müller-Schauenburg, G.; Damsgaard, Else;

    1986-01-01

    . A muscle-biopsy, the only remaining tissue from the patient, showed an increased copper-content, thus corroborating the suspicion of Menkes disease. Copper-uptake studies on 2 independent repeatedly tested fibroblast-cultures from the mother gave normal values in 4 and elevated levels in three tests....... Such a pattern is often seen in carriers of Menkes disease. Furthermore one of the test values was above the critical limit. Just one value above this limit for females from families with Menkes disease will unequivocally classify a woman as a carrier irregardless of her genetic risk. This is to our knowledge...

  3. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy for thyroid nodules: a clinical and pathological study of 782 patients%甲状腺结节细针穿刺检查782例临床病理分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡晓频; 王瑶; 佟杰; 杨兆军; 张金苹; 何一凡; 李光伟

    2010-01-01

    目的 分析甲状腺结节细针穿刺(FNAB)检查的诊断结果及其应用价值.方法 回顾性分析782例行FNAB检查患者的临床病理资料.细胞病理诊断分为6类,为未诊断、良性病变、滤泡性病变、滤泡性肿瘤、可疑恶性和恶性.对其中手术治疗的76例患者的组织病理与细胞病理进行对比,判断细针穿刺的准确性.结果 782例行FNAB检查患者中,良性病变占74.4%(582/782),恶性诊断只占2.6%(20/782),滤泡性肿瘤占5.6%(44/782),滤泡性病变、可疑恶性分别为3.2%(25/782)和2.9%(23/782),未诊断者占11.3%(88/782).76例手术患者中,组织病理诊断良性疾病占65.8%(50/76),恶性肿瘤占28.9%(22/76),良性肿瘤占5.3%(4/76).在细胞病理诊断为良性和恶性两大类中,与组织病理的符合率较高,分别为16/16和16/17.结论 甲状腺细针穿刺是甲状腺结节诊断和鉴别诊断的可靠方法.%Objective To evaluate clinical application of thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) and its diagnostic value.Methods FNAB was performed for 782 cases during 2005-2009 at China-Japan Friendship Hospital,Beijing and their clinical pathological data were retrospectively analyzed.Cytopathological diagnoses by FNAB were classified as unsatisfactory,benign,atypical cellular lesions,follicular neoplasm,suspicious malignancy and definite malignancy.Results of thyroid cytological and histological examinations of 76 patients with subsequent thyroidectomies were compared to those with FNAB to evaluate its diagnostic accuracy.Results Of 782 FNAB specimens,74.4 % (582/782) were classified as benign,2.6 % (20/782) as malignant,5.6 % (44/782) as follicular neoplasm,3.2 % (25/782) as atypical cellular lesion,2.9% (23/782) as suspicious malignancy and 11.3 % (88/782) as unsatisfactory.Among 76 patients with thyroidectomies,65.8 % of them (50/76) were histologically diagnosed as benign lesion,28.9 % (22/76) as definite malignancy and only 5.3 % (4/76) as benign follicular

  4. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided biopsy to diagnose large posterior mediastinal parathyroid adenoma prior to video-assisted thoracoscopic resection

    OpenAIRE

    Buderi, Silviu Ioan; Saleh, Hesham Zayed; Theologou, Thomas; Shackcloth, Michael

    2014-01-01

    A 65-year-old woman was referred with hypercalcaemia and found to have a four cm retrotracheal mass on CT. The patient also suffered from neurofibromatosis and a recently diagnosed gastric mass. Tc99 sestamibi scintigraphy revealed an area of intense uptake in the right upper mediastinum. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) was used to confirm the diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma and thoracoscopic resection was subsequently performed. EBUS-TBNA biopsy ...

  5. Outpatient blind percutaneous liver biopsy in infants and children: Is it safe?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mortada H El-Shabrawi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim: We aim to investigate the safety of outpatient blind percutaneous liver biopsy (BPLB in infants and children with chronic liver disease (CLD. Patients and Methods: BPLB was performed as an outpatient procedure using the aspiration Menghini technique in 80 infants and children, aged 2 months to 14 yrs, for diagnosis of their CLD. Patients were divided into three groups: Group 1 (6 hrs due to oversedation in 2.5%. There was a statistically significant rise in the 1-hr post-biopsy mean heart and respiratory rates, but the rise was non-significant at 6 and 24 hrs except for group 2 where heart rate and respiratory rates significantly dropped at 24 hrs. No statistically significant difference was noted between the mean pre-biopsy and the 1, 6, and 24-hrs post-biopsy values of blood pressure in all groups. The 24-hrs post-biopsy mean hemoglobin and hematocrit showed a significant decrease, while the 24-hrs post-biopsy mean total leucocyte and platelet counts showed non-significant changes. The 24-hrs post-biopsy mean liver enzymes were non-significantly changed except the 24-hrs post-biopsy mean PT which was found to be significantly prolonged, for a yet unknown reason(s. Conclusions: Outpatient BPLB performed by the Menghini technique is safe and well tolerated even in infants and young children. Frequent, close monitoring of patients is strongly recommended to achieve optimal patient safety and avoid potential complications.

  6. [Experiences with the pneumatic drill for the taking of biopsy cylinders].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfarrwaller, A; Wild, A; Hardmeier, T

    1977-02-19

    Surgical excisional biopsies, needle biopsies and aspiration biopsies are at present the most frequently used technical procedures in the diagnosis of tumors or other pathologic conditions. An additional, lesser known method of obtaining tissue for microscopic examination with a high speed pneumatic drill biopsy device is described. Over a period of 29 months 118 biopsies have been performed in 99 patients for histologic examinations limited to breast lymph nodes, skin and scars, thyroid gland, bone and parotic gland. Only 8 (6.8%) out of 118 biopsies were inadequate for microscopic evaluation. The 110 (93.2%) histologically adequate biopsies showed 76 (64.4%) specimens with pathologic changes and 28 (23.7%) were correctly negative. Consequently, 104 (88.1%) of the biopsies performed gave correct results. 6 cases (5.1%) were false-negative. False-positive cases were not obtained. In view of the number of successful examinations with adequate results, it can be concluded that the method presented is a useful diagnostic tool. The procedure involves little stress for the patient and can be performed under local anesthesia on an out-patient basis.

  7. Interpretation of negative results in fine needle aspiration of discrete pulmonary lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winning, A J; McIvor, J; Seed, W A; Husain, O A; Metaxas, N

    1986-01-01

    A retrospective analysis was carried out on a consecutive series of 181 percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsies of discrete pulmonary lesions, in which the outcome was established in 95%. In primary bronchial carcinoma the technique had a sensitivity of 86%. There was no relationship between the size, location, or radiological appearance of the lesion and the incidence of false negative results. The principal reason for failure to diagnose malignancy was inadequacy of the material provided for cytological examination. For metastatic neoplasms of non-bronchial origin the procedure had a sensitivity of 42% and a significantly greater false negative rate than for primary bronchial malignancy. For the entire series 72 (40%) of the procedures failed to produce a definite diagnosis, 29 (40%) of these cases subsequently proving to be malignant. A positive diagnosis was established in only 16% of patients with benign conditions. Review of published reports and consideration of the role of this and other biopsy techniques in the investigation of discrete pulmonary lesions lead to the conclusion that needle aspiration biopsy seems particularly appropriate in the investigation of inoperable patients with probable bronchial carcinoma in whom sputum cytology and bronchoscopy do not yield a diagnosis. PMID:3824273

  8. Analysis of the behavior and characteristics of thyroid lesions identified by biopsy fine needle aspiration and gammagraphic diagnosis: Hospital Calderon Guardia: period 2004-2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thyroid lesions have meant one of the most important pathological entities in the Costa Rican population for many years, which have been increased by new diagnostic examinations and early detection and timely thanks to the preventive medicine that is exerted on the security of the country. After the nuclear accident Chernobyl in the former Soviet Union for several decades ago has shown an increase in neoplastic lesions as well as was appreciated after the implementation of the first atomic bomb in World War II, this behavior is the interest to see how thyroid pathology develops in the environment and what have been the Costa Rican experiences in correlation with the expected time to the global statistics. The behavior pattern observed of the lessons of the thyroid gland and based on clinical findings and in some cases together with scintigraphy have allowed to study the development seen through the ultrasound and cytopathological result. The behavior of the patients was similar to global statistics, being most frequent the benign lesions than malignant, and the scintigraphy correlation with lesions were found to be cold was significant for determination of malignant or suspicious for malignancy. Some of these lesions that were suspicious for malignancy scintigraphy and ultrasound were benign have been found to fall within the expected rate for this type of injury. The study consisted of sampling in 2023 noted that the prevalence was 9:1 in women compared with men, which agrees as thyroid diseases are more common in women than in men as well as the expected results in malignant lesions that remained the same behavior. As expected in the age ranges of suffering from thyroid lesions remained between the fifth and sixth decade of life, which has allowed to observe the frequency of different benign and malignant lesions that occurred during this study in the decades and periods covered. While before the study of thyroid lesions was occupied by scintigraphy and endocrinological management has been viewed that incidentalomas appreciated by the teams high-resolution ultrasound bring a benefit in the care of the patient early and fast like its minimally invasive intervention to characterize the thyroid lesions that are suspicious of malignancy or indeterminate by clinical and other diagnostic methods, a fact that increases in the routine study of thyroid pathology. In fact in the cost benefit study of FNA for early patient care is relatively cheap with a great evaluation of lesions and is important for determination of injury, because if there were suspected, sonographically, it is easier to seek the consent from patient and treating physician to take the sample and lead to better clinical guidance, histological and radiological, fact that will allow the patient a concise definition of your case. (author)

  9. Analysis of pathological diagnosis of colorectal endoscope biopsy cancer%结直肠内窥镜活检癌的病理诊断分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze the endoscopic biopsy diagnosis of colorectal cancer, and provide evidence for clinical diagnosis. Methods Selected general information of 321 patients diagnosed by colon and rectal biopsy from June 2012 to February 2014, and retrospectively analyzed the diagnosis standard to determine the submucosa cancer in all pa-tients, and compared with resection operation pathology to analyze the pathologic diagnosis before and after operation. Re-sults Among 321 patients, there were 299 patients with adenocarcinoma, 4 patients with signet ring cell carcinoma, 2 pa-tients with carcinoid tumor, 16 patients with mucinous adenocarcinoma. Main performance of patients with histological fea-tures, is not the same, and the main findings in the patients with mucinous adenocarcinoma is the presence of mucus adeno-carcinoma is characterized in glandular acinar differentiation labeled CK, CEA, Ki-67, etc. , carcinoid characterized canc-er cell size, more uniform common staining, acinar, signet ring cell carcinoma nuclear hyperchromatic, biopsy in the diag-nosis and postoperative diagnosis rate was 100% . Conclusions Most of the patients are invasive cancer, therefore in colo-rectal biopsy, in view of the existing uncertain submucosa patients had better not use intramucosal neoplasm neoplasia.%目的:分析结直肠内窥镜活检癌的病例诊断,为临床诊断提供依据。方法选取2012年6月至2014年2月收治的结肠、直肠活检诊断321例患者的一般资料,回顾性分析所有患者的诊断癌标准确定黏膜下层标准,与切除手术病理诊断对照,分析患者手术前后病理诊断。结果321例患者中,腺癌299例,印戒细胞癌4例,类癌2例,黏液腺癌16例。患者组织学特征主要表现不太相同,黏液腺癌患者主要表现为出现大量黏液,腺癌特征是腺管状腺泡状分化,阳性标记 CK、CEA、Ki-67等,类癌特征为癌细胞大小、染色比较均匀,常见腺泡状,

  10. Diagnostic pitfalls in fine needle aspiration of solitary pulmonary nodules: two cases with radio-cyto-histological correlation

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    Burbridge Brent

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fine needle aspiration is an important tool for diagnosis and preoperative evaluation of solitary nodules of the lung. It provides a definitive diagnosis in most patients at low cost with minimal trauma. However, because of the nature of the study and the presentation of the cells in a more distorted and incomplete tissue structure than a histological slide, false positive results can occur. Prior detailed clinical knowledge about the patient, procedures and methods of radiology in obtaining the aspirate specimen is extremely useful in the accurate interpretation of fine needle cytological specimens. Case presentation We report two cases of solitary pulmonary nodules in two elderly females, which were initially diagnosed as malignant by fine needle aspiration biopsy. Both cases subsequently underwent pulmonary lobectomy in which, one turned out to be a pulmonary hamartoma and the other appeared to be a middle lobe syndrome of the right lung with liver tissue contamination at the time of fine needle aspiration of the lung. Conclusions We are now strong believers that much care must be taken in the interpretation of fine needle aspiration of solitary nodules of the lung. Complete study of the entire specimen, including the cell block, is warranted, since what one interprets as malignant, could have different features in another part of the sample. Last but not the least, prior knowledge of the complete clinical history of the patient together with the salient radiological findings would greatly facilitate the cytopathologist to reach an accurate diagnosis.

  11. Measurements of CFTR-Mediated Cl− Secretion in Human Rectal Biopsies Constitute a Robust Biomarker for Cystic Fibrosis Diagnosis and Prognosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinagre, Adriana M.; Ramalho, Anabela S.; Bonadia, Luciana C.; Felício, Verónica; Ribeiro, Maria A.; Uliyakina, Inna; Marson, Fernando A.; Kmit, Arthur; Cardoso, Silvia R.; Ribeiro, José D.; Bertuzzo, Carmen S.; Sousa, Lisete; Kunzelmann, Karl; Ribeiro, Antônio F.; Amaral, Margarida D.

    2012-01-01

    Background Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is caused by ∼1,900 mutations in the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene encoding for a cAMP-regulated chloride (Cl−) channel expressed in several epithelia. Clinical features are dominated by respiratory symptoms, but there is variable organ involvement thus causing diagnostic dilemmas, especially for non-classic cases. Methodology/Principal Findings To further establish measurement of CFTR function as a sensitive and robust biomarker for diagnosis and prognosis of CF, we herein assessed cholinergic and cAMP-CFTR-mediated Cl− secretion in 524 freshly excised rectal biopsies from 118 individuals, including patients with confirmed CF clinical diagnosis (n = 51), individuals with clinical CF suspicion (n = 49) and age-matched non-CF controls (n = 18). Conclusive measurements were obtained for 96% of cases. Patients with “Classic CF”, presenting earlier onset of symptoms, pancreatic insufficiency, severe lung disease and low Shwachman-Kulczycki scores were found to lack CFTR-mediated Cl− secretion (<5%). Individuals with milder CF disease presented residual CFTR-mediated Cl− secretion (10–57%) and non-CF controls show CFTR-mediated Cl− secretion ≥30–35% and data evidenced good correlations with various clinical parameters. Finally, comparison of these values with those in “CF suspicion” individuals allowed to confirm CF in 16/49 individuals (33%) and exclude it in 28/49 (57%). Statistical discriminant analyses showed that colonic measurements of CFTR-mediated Cl− secretion are the best discriminator among Classic/Non-Classic CF and non-CF groups. Conclusions/Significance Determination of CFTR-mediated Cl− secretion in rectal biopsies is demonstrated here to be a sensitive, reproducible and robust predictive biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of CF. The method also has very high potential for (pre-)clinical trials of CFTR-modulator therapies. PMID:23082198

  12. Measurements of CFTR-mediated Cl- secretion in human rectal biopsies constitute a robust biomarker for Cystic Fibrosis diagnosis and prognosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marisa Sousa

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Cystic Fibrosis (CF is caused by ∼1,900 mutations in the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR gene encoding for a cAMP-regulated chloride (Cl(- channel expressed in several epithelia. Clinical features are dominated by respiratory symptoms, but there is variable organ involvement thus causing diagnostic dilemmas, especially for non-classic cases. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: To further establish measurement of CFTR function as a sensitive and robust biomarker for diagnosis and prognosis of CF, we herein assessed cholinergic and cAMP-CFTR-mediated Cl(- secretion in 524 freshly excised rectal biopsies from 118 individuals, including patients with confirmed CF clinical diagnosis (n=51, individuals with clinical CF suspicion (n=49 and age-matched non-CF controls (n=18. Conclusive measurements were obtained for 96% of cases. Patients with "Classic CF", presenting earlier onset of symptoms, pancreatic insufficiency, severe lung disease and low Shwachman-Kulczycki scores were found to lack CFTR-mediated Cl(- secretion (<5%. Individuals with milder CF disease presented residual CFTR-mediated Cl(- secretion (10-57% and non-CF controls show CFTR-mediated Cl(- secretion ≥ 30-35% and data evidenced good correlations with various clinical parameters. Finally, comparison of these values with those in "CF suspicion" individuals allowed to confirm CF in 16/49 individuals (33% and exclude it in 28/49 (57%. Statistical discriminant analyses showed that colonic measurements of CFTR-mediated Cl(- secretion are the best discriminator among Classic/Non-Classic CF and non-CF groups. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Determination of CFTR-mediated Cl(- secretion in rectal biopsies is demonstrated here to be a sensitive, reproducible and robust predictive biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of CF. The method also has very high potential for (pre-clinical trials of CFTR-modulator therapies.

  13. Evaluation of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC in Diagnosis of Head and Neck Swellings in Bab Elsheria Hospital

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    Ali Khalaf Mahrous, Abd Elsalam H Hashem, Mohamed M Elsawy

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: FNAC is believed to be of great benefit as an alternative diagnostic approach to lesions in Head and Neck region. This study aims at evaluating the results of FNAC undertaken in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery Department, Bab Elsheria Hospital in relation to the International big series. Subjects and Methods: This is a retrospective study of 42 cases with FNACs performed between September 2004 and April 2006. All patients had both FNAC and Histology done. Patients were classified into 3 groups according to the site of their swellings: (parotid, thyroid and others. Results: The origin of the swellings in this series was 48% from the parotid gland, 19% from the thyroid gland and 33% from other sites. The first FNAC was only diagnostic in 21 patients (50%. While the 2nd FNAC was diagnostic in 8 patients out of 15 (53.3%. The majority of swellings with positive findings on FNAC in 29 patients had matched the histology results (68.9%. So, the chances of getting diagnosis were about 50 % in either first or second FNAC. The FNAC sensitivity was 69% and its specificity was 80%, which lags behind the International big series. Conclusion: We need to improve our FNAC results to be compared with the results of International big series.

  14. Optimizing prostate biopsy for repeat transrectal prostate biopsies patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaojun Deng; Jianwei Cao; Feng Liu; Weifeng Wang; Jidong Hao; Jiansheng Wan; Hui Liu

    2014-01-01

    Objective:Diagnosis of patients with negative prostate biopsy and persistent suspicion of prostate cancer re-mains a serious problem. In this study, we investigated the application of optimizing prostate biopsy for patients who need repeat prostate biopsy. Methods:In this prospective, non-randomized phase-I clinical trial, the prostate cancer detection rate of initial detection scheme was compared with optimizing prostate biopsy scheme. The number of punctures of initial detection scheme was the same as that of optimizing prostate biopsy scheme. The puncture direction of optimizing prostate biopsy was a 45° angle to the sagittal plane from front, middle, and back. The two cores from each lateral lobe were horizontal y inwardly inclined 45°. Results:A total of 45 patients with initial negative biopsy for cancer were received the optimizing prostate biopsy scheme. The cancer detection rate was 17.8%(8/45), and prostate intraepithelial neoplasm (PIN) was 6.7%(3/45). The pa-tients receiving repeat transrectal prostate biopsies were pathological y diagnosed as lower Gleason grade prostate cancers. Conclusion:The cancer detection rate of repeat biopsy prostate cancer is lower than that of initial biopsy. Our study showed that the optimizing prostate biopsy is important to improve the detection rate of repeat transrectal prostate biopsies patients.

  15. Biopsy in Musculoskeletal Tumors

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    Mohammad Gharehdaghi

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Diagnosis of bone tumors is based on careful evaluation of clinical, imaging and a pathologic findings. So the biopsy of bone and soft tissue sarcomas is the final step in evaluation and a fundamental step in the diagnosis of the lesion. It should not be performed as a shortcut to diagnosis (1. The biopsy should be performed in order to confirm the diagnosis and differentiate among few diagnoses after careful staged studies. Real and artificial changes in imaging studies will be superimposed after performing biopsy, which may alter the interpretation if done after biopsy is taken (1. The correct management of a sarcoma depends on the accurate diagnosis. Inadequate, inapprppriate, or inaccurate non-representative biopsy leads to poorer outcome in terms of survivorship and limb salvage. An incorrect, unplanned incision and biopsy may unnecessarily contaminate uninvolved compartments which may convert a salvageable limb to amputation. Anatomic approach along with the proper biopsy techniques may lead to success or catastrophe. It is clear that in patients with inappropriate biopsy, the chance of the need to change the treatment to more radical than would originally be expected is significantly higher. Also it is more probable to need to  convert curative to palliative treatment and to require adjuvant radiotherapy in patients with inappropriate biopsies. Patients with sarcoma are best served by early referral to a specialized center where staged investigations and biopsy can be performed with minimal morbidity (3. Open biopsy is still considered the gold standard; however, recent studies suggest comparable results with percutaneous core needle biopsy. Our study on 103 consecutive CNB and open biopsy showed comparable results as well. Surgeons need to answer to two questions prior to performing a biopsy: 1-          Where is the best part of the lesion to be biopsied? 2-          What is the safest route without contaminating

  16. Fine-needle aspiration detects primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the breast in a patient with breast implants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malowany, Janet I; Kundu, Uma; Santiago, Lumarie; Krishnamurthy, Savitri

    2015-01-01

    Breast augmentation with implantation represents a challenge for subsequent radiographic imaging and pathological sampling. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is an excellent technique to sample suspicious lesions that are adjacent to fragile implants. We report a case of a 51-year-old woman with breast implants presenting with an initial diagnosis of fibroadenoma by imaging studies. A definite diagnosis of mammary carcinoma with plasmacytoid cells was made on ultrasound (US)-guided FNAB of the breast mass with rapid on-site evaluation which initiated core needle biopsy of the mass and subsequent mastectomy with sentinel lymph node biopsy. Our case exemplifies the role of US-guided FNAB for the initial investigation of breast masses in patients with implants. In addition, the case illustrates the cytomorphological features of the tumor cells in primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the breast.

  17. Three cases of systemic amyloidosis successfully diagnosed by subcutaneous fat tissue biopsy of the hip

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    Arahata M

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Masahisa Arahata,1 Shigeru Shimadoi,1 Satosi Yamatani,1 Shin-ichi Hayashi,2 Shigeharu Miwa,2 Hidesaku Asakura,3 Shinji Nakao4 1Department of Internal Medicine, Nanto Municipal Hospital, Nanto, 2Department of Diagnostic Pathology, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toyama, Toyama, 3Department of Internal Medicine (III, 4Department of Cellular Transplantation Biology, Division of Cancer Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan Abstract: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the abdominal fat pad is considered to be a minimally invasive procedure for diagnosing systemic amyloidosis. However, this procedure is sometimes difficult and can be dangerous for elderly patients whose abdominal fat layer is thin because of malnutrition. In such cases, alternative diagnostic methods are required. We report three elderly patients with heart failure complicated by malnutrition. In all cases, electrocardiogram showed low voltage in the limb leads and a pseudoinfarct pattern in the chest leads, and echocardiography showed left ventricular wall thickening with granular sparkling appearance. These patients were suspected of having amyloid cardiomyopathy but could not undergo myocardial biopsies because of their poor conditions. After failed attempts at biopsy of the abdominal fat pad or the other organs, subcutaneous fat tissue biopsy over the hip led to the diagnosis of systemic amyloidosis with cardiomyopathy. The resultant diagnosis guided us to choose the appropriate treatment for the patients. This article illustrates that subcutaneous fat tissue biopsy of the hip could be a useful procedure for diagnosing systemic amyloidosis in elderly patients, particularly when a fat tissue biopsy of the abdomen is associated with a high risk of complications because of malnutrition. Keywords: systemic amyloidosis, amyloid cardiomyopathy, fine-needle aspiration biopsy, subcutaneous fat tissue, hip

  18. Anti-Endomysial and Anti-Tissue Transglutaminase Serological Test Compared with Small Bowel Biopsy in the Diagnosis of Celiac Disease

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    Shadman, M. (MSc

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: Celiac is an autoimmune disease that is characterized by an immune-system-related damage in the intestinal tissue after consumption of gluten. There is not any general agreement for gold standard. The Purpose of this study was the evaluation of specificity and sensitivity of anti-endomysial (EMA and anti-tissue transglutaminase (TTG serological test compared to small-bowel biopsy. Material and Methods: In the cross sectional study, we took blood specimen from 1825 patients with gastrointestinal disease. All the samples were tested by TTG and EMA kits using ELISA. The patients were studied in two groups. First, the individuals whom their serologic test was positive but their tissue condition was normal and second, those with positive serologic test with pathologic tissue results that show they have celiac disorder. Results: The mean of EMA and TTG shows that the level of antibodies in group 2 is significantly higher than that of the first group (P ≤0.001. There is positive correlation between modified marsh criteria of small-bowel biopsy and the two tests. The Sensitivity of EMA and TTG tests for celiac diagnosis is 92%. The specificity of EMA, TTG tests are 100% and 98.5%, respectively. Conclusion: EMA-IgA serology with cut-off point of more than 66 together with TTG-IgA serology with cut-off point of above 30 can be helpful to distinguish a wide range of patients who need small-bowel biopsy. Keywords: Celiac; Anti-tissue Transglutaminase (TTG; Anti-endomysial (EMAKeywords: Celiac; Anti-tissue Transglutaminase (TTG; Anti-endomysial (EMA,

  19. Técnicas de biopsia para el diagnóstico de lesiones mamarias no palpables Biopsy techniques for the diagnosis of non-palpable mammary lesions

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    L. Pina

    2004-12-01

    (basically in cases of microcalcifications, echography (above all in the nodules, and magnetic resonance (for lesions not made visible through the previous systems. The next step is to select the most suitable biopsy technique. The most classical and reliable technique is the surgical biopsy with prior marking using a metallic harpoon, but, besides its high cost, it has the drawback of being an aggressive technique for the diagnosis of a benign pathology. Numerous systems of puncture have been developed as alternatives. Puncture with a fine needle is technically simple to carry out and can provide good results in the mammary nodules, but the existence of positive and negative false results has progressively limited its use. As an alternative, the systems of biopsy with a broad needle have made it possible to obtain multiple cylinders with a high diagnostic reliability, above all in the case of mammary nodules. However, their use in microcalcifications continues to show negative false results. The arrival of systems of vacuum-assisted biopsy has made it possible to obtain cylinders of greater quality, above all in cases of microcalcifications. Finally, the systems of percutaneous resection biopsy by means of cannulas with a diameter of 22mm make it possible to completely extract lesions of a size below that of the cannula, with a reliability similar to that of the surgical biopsy.

  20. Transrectal EUS-guided FNA biopsy of a presacral chordoma-report of a case and review of the literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Klaus Gottlieb; Paul H Lin; David M Liu; Karl Anders

    2008-01-01

    Chordomas are rare tumors which originate from the remnants of the notochord.These tumors are locally aggressive and have a predilection for the ends of the axial skeleton.An important prerequisite for optimal management of these tumors is a correct preoperative diagnosis.The present case is the first report of the use of endoscopic ultrasound to obtain transrectal fine needle aspiration biopsy of a presacral chordoma.A review of the prior computer tomography (CT) scans allowed us to calculate the tumor volume doubling time (18.3 mo).Transrectal biopsy of chordomas is controversial,however we believe that such concerns are not justified.

  1. Severe Left Ventricular Hypertrophy, Small Pericardial Effusion, and Diffuse Late Gadolinium Enhancement by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Suspecting Cardiac Amyloidosis: Endomyocardial Biopsy Reveals an Unexpected Diagnosis

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    Nina P. Hofmann

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Left ventricular (LV hypertrophy can be related to a multitude of cardiac disorders, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM, cardiac amyloidosis, and hypertensive heart disease. Although the presence of LV hypertrophy is generally associated with poorer cardiac outcomes, the early differentiation between these pathologies is crucial due to the presence of specific treatment options. The diagnostic process with LV hypertrophy requires the integration of clinical evaluation, electrocardiography (ECG, echocardiography, biochemical markers, and if required CMR and endomyocardial biopsy in order to reach the correct diagnosis. Here, we present a case of a patient with severe LV hypertrophy (septal wall thickness of 23 mm, LV mass of 264 g, and LV mass index of 147 g/m2, severely impaired longitudinal function, and preserved radial contractility (ejection fraction = 55%, accompanied by small pericardial effusion and diffuse late gadolinium enhancement (LGE by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR. Due to the imaging findings, an infiltrative cardiomyopathy, such as cardiac amyloidosis, was suspected. However, amyloid accumulation was excluded by endomyocardial biopsy, which revealed the presence of diffuse myocardial fibrosis in an advanced hypertensive heart disease.

  2. Fine-Needle Aspirates CYFRA 21-1 is a Useful Tumor Marker for Detecting Axillary Lymph Node Metastasis in Breast Cancer Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Jung Hyun Yoon; Kyung Hwa Han; Eun-Kyung Kim; Hee Jung Moon; Min Jung Kim; Young Joo Suh; Ji Soo Choi; Byeong-Woo Park

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: To assess whether the value of CYFRA21-1 in the aspirates of ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB) can contribute to improving the performances of US-FNAB in the diagnosis of axillary lymph node (LN) metastasis in breast cancer patients. METHODS: US-FNAB was performed in 156 axillary LNs in 152 breast cancer patients (mean age: 51.4 years, range: 17-92 years). Concentrations of CYFRA21-1 were measured from washouts of the syringe used during US-FNAB. Tum...

  3. Etiological Profile of Plasmacytosis on Bone Marrow Aspirates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Gupta

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: In recent years, during routine examination of bone marrow aspirates, an increased plasma cell per­centage has been noted in a good number of cases which included both neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases. An attempt has been made to observe the spectra of condi­tions with plasmacytosis in bone marrow. Methods: The present study was conducted in the de­partment of pathology over a period of one year. A total of 114 bone marrow aspirates that showed increased plas­ma cells (>3.5% constitute the study material. A detailed relevant clinical examination followed by complete blood count, peripheral smear examination and bone marrow aspiration was done in all cases. Results: There was slight female predominance with male to female ratio of 1:1.1. The majority of patients were in 4th decade. The plasma cell concentration ranged from 5% to 36%. As far as the etiology is concerned, 96 cases (84.2% were non-neoplastic and 18 cases (15.7% had neoplastic etiology. Conclusion: Bone marrow plasmacytosis can present as diagnostic dilemma and some time can be challenging to differentiate reactive from neoplastic condition as there is an overlap both in counts and morphology. Each case with plasmacytosis especially in the overlap range requires complete clinical evaluation, individualized investigations and more specific tests like immunoelectrophoresis and bone marrow biopsy with immunohistochemistry to arrive at a final diagnosis for patient management.

  4. Three cases of systemic amyloidosis successfully diagnosed by subcutaneous fat tissue biopsy of the hip

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arahata, Masahisa; Shimadoi, Shigeru; Yamatani, Satosi; Hayashi, Shin-ichi; Miwa, Shigeharu; Asakura, Hidesaku; Nakao, Shinji

    2016-01-01

    Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the abdominal fat pad is considered to be a minimally invasive procedure for diagnosing systemic amyloidosis. However, this procedure is sometimes difficult and can be dangerous for elderly patients whose abdominal fat layer is thin because of malnutrition. In such cases, alternative diagnostic methods are required. We report three elderly patients with heart failure complicated by malnutrition. In all cases, electrocardiogram showed low voltage in the limb leads and a pseudoinfarct pattern in the chest leads, and echocardiography showed left ventricular wall thickening with granular sparkling appearance. These patients were suspected of having amyloid cardiomyopathy but could not undergo myocardial biopsies because of their poor conditions. After failed attempts at biopsy of the abdominal fat pad or the other organs, subcutaneous fat tissue biopsy over the hip led to the diagnosis of systemic amyloidosis with cardiomyopathy. The resultant diagnosis guided us to choose the appropriate treatment for the patients. This article illustrates that subcutaneous fat tissue biopsy of the hip could be a useful procedure for diagnosing systemic amyloidosis in elderly patients, particularly when a fat tissue biopsy of the abdomen is associated with a high risk of complications because of malnutrition. PMID:27540285

  5. 骨髓活检在血液病诊断中的临床应用研究%Applied clinical research of bone marrow biopsy in diagnosis of hematonosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小勇

    2012-01-01

    Objective To compare bone marrow smear with bone marrow biopsy, and identify the role of bone marrow biopsy in diagnosis of hematonosis. Methods A total of 138 patients with hematonosis diseases were detected by bone marrow smear and bone marrow biopsy, and the results of smear and biopsy were observed. Results Bone marrow biopsy could show hyperplasia of bone accurately, and it was better than bone marrow smear in the diagnosis of hematonosis, such as MDS, lymphoma, MF, AL. Conclusion Bone marrow biopsy is superior to bone marrow smear in the. diagnosis of some hematonosis diseases. Level of clinical diagnosis of hematonosis can be promoted efficiently by combining bone marrow smear with bone marrow biopsy.%目的 通过骨髓涂片与骨髓切片比较,明确骨髓活检在血液病诊断中的重要作用.方法 对138例血液病患者分别进行骨髓穿刺与骨髓活检,观察骨髓涂片与骨髓切片结果.结果 骨髓切片能较准确地反映骨髓的增生程度,在骨髓异常增生综合征(MDS)、淋巴瘤、骨髓纤维化(MF)、急性白血病(AL)诊断中明显优于骨髓涂片.结论 骨髓活检切片在某些血液病诊断上优于骨髓涂片,2者相结合,可有效提高血液病临床上的诊断水平.

  6. ROLE OF FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION CYTOLOGY IN THE EVALUATION OF MALE INFERTILITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasad

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Male infertility is a common problem and needs a minimally invasive method to arrive at the appropriate diagnosis . Alternative to open testicular biopsy the fine needle aspiration cytology of the testis is being increasingly used as a minimally invasive method of evaluating testicular function . AIM OF THE STUDY: To know whether FNAC of testes is as informative as biopsy in cases of male infertility . To establish that FNAC is cost effective , safe , out p atient investigation with no complications . METHODOLOGY: Fifty patients with primary male infertility in the age group of 20 - 40 years were included in the study . All the cases with oligospermia and azoospermia were subjected for Doppler study to rule out varicocele . Cord block was achieved with 1% lignocaine and aspiration was done with 23 gauge 1 . 5 inch needle . Smears were made on albuminised slides and stained with Leishman Stain . Forresta et al scoring system was adopted to analyse the smears . In the same sitting testicular biopsy was taken , fixed in Bouins fluid , routinely processed and stained with H&E stain . RESULTS: The commonest group with infertility were in the age group 21 - 30 years . On semen analysis 78% were azoospermic and 22% were oligozoospermic . The testicular size was normal in 90 % of subjects and 10% had small testis . Out of fifty subjects with infertility , 40% subjects had varicocele . Varicocele was commonly associated with duct obstruction . The commonest patterns observed on cytology were; normal spermatogenesis ( 14/50 , 28 % , duct obstruction ( 8/50 , 16 % , maturation arre st ( 7/50 , 14 % and testicular atrophy ( 7/50 , 14 % . In the present study diagnostic accuracy was 93 . 4% . CONCLUSION: Fine needle aspiration cytology is as informative as biopsy and can be done as a routine procedure . It is a simple and cost effective . In cases where FNAC shows normal spermatogenesis with azoospermia and oligospermia , biopsy and doppler study

  7. Extrapleural paravertebral CT guided fine needle biopsy of subcarinal lymph nodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tantawy, Wahid H., E-mail: tantawyw@yahoo.com [Radiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt Abbassyia square, Cairo (Egypt); El-Gemeie, Emad H. [Pathology Department, National Cancer Institute, Fom El Khalige Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University (Egypt); Ibrahim, Ahmed S., E-mail: asibrahima@gmail.com [Radiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt Abbassyia square, Cairo (Egypt); Mohamed, Mona A. [Radiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt Abbassyia square, Cairo (Egypt)

    2012-10-15

    Purpose: To report our experience in CT guided extrapleural paravertebral subcarinal lymph biopsy using a thin 25 gauge (25 G) thin needle without the need of injection of saline to widen the mediastinum. Materials and methods: Biopsy was performed using a 25 G needle which was advanced lateral to the vertebral body between the endothoracic fascia and the parietal pleura to gain access to subcarinal lymph nodes. One hundred and forty one patients were included in the study (74 females, 57 males). No artificial widening of the mediastinum using saline injection was required. The study was performed in the presence of a cytopathologist; sensitivity and specificity rates were calculated. Complications were documented for each case especially for pneumothorax and haemorrhage. Results: Cytopathological diagnosis was reached in all cases. All re-aspirations were done in the same session to reach a primary diagnosis at the time of the biopsy. Imunophenotyping study was done in 94 cases to confirm the primary diagnosis and to classify the malignant lesions. No pneumothorax was encountered. Small haematomas were noted in 5 cases (3.5%). Cytopathology showed a sensitivity of 97.2% and specificity of 100%. By adding immunophenotyping a 100% sensitivity and specificity was achieved. Conclusion: Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) using a 25 gauge needle for subcarinal lymph nodes via a percutaneous extrapleural paravertebral CT guided approach is a safe, minimally invasive, and tolerable procedure yielding a high sensitivity and specificity rates without the need of artificial widening.

  8. Accurate breast cancer diagnosis through real-time PCR her-2 gene quantification using immunohistochemically-identified biopsies

    OpenAIRE

    MENDOZA, GRETEL; PORTILLO, AMELIA; Olmos-Soto, Jorge

    2012-01-01

    her-2 gene amplification and its overexpression in breast cancer cells is directly associated with aggressive clinical behavior. The her-2 gene and its Her-2 protein have been utilized for disease diagnosis and as a predictive marker for treatment response to the antibody herceptin. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) are the most common FDA-approved methodologies involving gene and protein quantification, respectively. False positive or negative her-2/Her-...

  9. Punção aspirativa por agulha fina para diagnóstico de mastocitoma em cães Fine needle aspiration for diagnosis of mast cell tumors in dogs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.E. Lavalle

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Fine needle aspiration (FNA associated with the cytological diagnosis mast cell tumor is a widely employed technique in human medicine, but it is still underused in veterinary medicine. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the efficacy of FNA technique for the diagnosis of mast cell tumors in dogs. Over one year period all dogs referred to the Veterinary Hospital of the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais with tumor-like formations of the skin were submitted to FNA. In order to detect metastasis, both skin lesions and the regional lymph nodes were subjected to FNA. After surgical removal of the lesions, histological examination indicated a complete agreement with the cytological diagnosis. In conclusion, FNA technique is a good choice for diagnosis of mast cell tumors in dogs. In addition, FNA allows an adequate and early therapeutic planning.

  10. Usefulness of automated biopsy guns in image-guided biopsy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the usefulness of automated biopsy guns in image-guided biopsy of lung, liver, pancreas and other organs. Using automated biopsy devices, 160 biopsies of variable anatomic sites were performed: Biopsies were performed under ultrasonographic(US) guidance in 95 and computed tomographic (CT) guidance in 65. We retrospectively analyzed histologic results and complications. Specimens were adequate for histopathologic diagnosis in 143 of the 160 patients(89.4%)-Diagnostic tissue was obtained in 130 (81.3%), suggestive tissue obtained in 13(8.1%), and non-diagnostic tissue was obtained in 14(8.7%). Inadequate tissue was obtained in only 3(1.9%). There was no statistically significant difference between US-guided and CT-guided percutaneous biopsy. There was no occurrence of significant complication. We have experienced mild complications in only 5 patients-2 hematuria and 2 hematochezia in transrectal prostatic biopsy, and 1 minimal pneumothorax in CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy. All of them were resolved spontaneously. The image-guided biopsy using the automated biopsy gun was a simple, safe and accurate method of obtaining adequate specimen for the histopathologic diagnosis

  11. Liver Biopsy in Liver Transplant Recipients

    OpenAIRE

    Van Ha, Thuong G.

    2004-01-01

    Liver biopsy has been used in the assessment of the nature and course of liver diseases and to monitor treatments. In nontransplanted patients, liver biopsies have been well described. Less has been written on the biopsies of transplanted livers. In the liver transplant population, liver biopsy remains the “gold standard” for the diagnosis of rejection. The transplanted liver has additional considerations that can make biopsy less routine and more challenging.

  12. 阴道镜检查及活检诊断宫颈病变240例分析%Analysis of colposcopy and biopsy in the diagnosis of cervical lesions in 240 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    古丽尼沙·特海

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the diagnosis value of colposcopy and biopsy in the diagnosis of cervical lesions.Methods:240 patients with cervical lesions were selected.They were given colposcopy and biopsy.Results:The colposcopy and vaginal biopsy were compared with pathological diagnosis,and the diagnose accordance rate of colposcopy was higher than that of vaginal biopsy. Conclusion:Colposcopy is better than vaginal biopsy,so colposcopy can be used as an important method of cervical disease screening.%目的:探讨阴道镜检查及活检诊断宫颈病变的诊断价值。方法:收治宫颈病变患者240例,均采用阴道镜检查及活检。结果:阴道镜检查、阴道活检与病理诊断情况比较,阴道镜检查的诊断符合率高于阴道活检。结论:阴道镜检查优于阴道活检,阴道镜检查可以作为筛查宫颈疾病的重要方法。

  13. Closed pleural biopsy is still useful in the evaluation of malignant pleural effusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somnath Bhattacharya

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pleural fluid cytology for malignant cells is the easiest way to diagnose malignant pleural effusion with good sensitivity and specificity. With the introduction of medical thoracoscopy, the use of closed pleural biopsy for the diagnosis of cytology negative malignant pleural effusion is gradually decreasing. However use of thoracoscopy is limited due to its high cost and procedure related complications. Aims: The aim was to assess the usefulness of closed pleural biopsy in the diagnosis of malignant pleural effusion. Materials and Methods: Sixty-six patients of pleural effusion associated with malignancy were selected from the patients admitted in the chest ward of a tertiary care hospital over a period of 1 year. Pleural fluid aspiration for cytology and closed pleural biopsy were done in all the patients. Results: Out of 66 patients, 46 (69% patients showed malignant cells in pleural fluid cytology examination. Cytology was positive in 35 (52%, 10 (15%, and 1 (1.5% patients in the first, second, and third samples respectively. Closed pleural biopsy was positive in 32 (48% patients. Among them, 22 also had positive cytology. Additional 10 cytology negative patients were diagnosed by pleural biopsy. Cytology-histology concordance was seen in 12 patients. Definite histological diagnosis could be achieved in five patients with indeterminate cytology. Pleural biopsy was not associated with any major postoperative complication. Conclusion: Closed pleural biopsy can improve the diagnostic ability in cytology negative malignant pleural effusion. Closed pleural biopsy has still a place in evaluation of malignant pleural effusion especially in a resource-limited country like India.

  14. Molecular Endoscopic Ultrasound for Diagnosis of Pancreatic Cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bournet, Barbara [Department of Gastroenterology, University Hospital Center Rangueil, 1 avenue Jean Poulhès, TSA 50032, 31059 Toulouse Cedex 9 (France); INSERM U1037, University Hospital Center Rangueil, Toulouse (France); Pointreau, Adeline; Delpu, Yannick; Selves, Janick; Torrisani, Jerome [INSERM U1037, University Hospital Center Rangueil, Toulouse (France); Buscail, Louis, E-mail: buscail.l@chu-toulouse.fr [Department of Gastroenterology, University Hospital Center Rangueil, 1 avenue Jean Poulhès, TSA 50032, 31059 Toulouse Cedex 9 (France); INSERM U1037, University Hospital Center Rangueil, Toulouse (France); Cordelier, Pierre [INSERM U1037, University Hospital Center Rangueil, Toulouse (France)

    2011-02-24

    Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration-biopsy is a safe and effective technique in diagnosing and staging of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. However its predictive negative value does not exceed 50% to 60%. Unfortunately, the majority of pancreatic cancer patients have a metastatic and/or a locally advanced disease (i.e., not eligible for curative resection) which explains the limited access to pancreatic tissue specimens. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration-biopsy is the most widely used approach for cytological and histological material sampling in these situations used in up to two thirds of patients with pancreatic cancer. Based on this unique material, we and others developed strategies to improve the differential diagnosis between carcinoma and inflammatory pancreatic lesions by analysis of KRAS oncogene mutation, microRNA expression and methylation, as well as mRNA expression using both qRT-PCR and Low Density Array Taqman analysis. Indeed, differentiating pancreatic cancer from pseudotumoral chronic pancreatitis remains very difficult in current clinical practice, and endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration-biopsy analysis proved to be very helpful. In this review, we will compile the clinical and molecular advantages of using endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration-biopsy in managing pancreatic cancer.

  15. Molecular Endoscopic Ultrasound for Diagnosis of Pancreatic Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Cordelier

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration-biopsy is a safe and effective technique in diagnosing and staging of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. However its predictive negative value does not exceed 50% to 60%. Unfortunately, the majority of pancreatic cancer patients have a metastatic and/or a locally advanced disease (i.e., not eligible for curative resection which explains the limited access to pancreatic tissue specimens. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration-biopsy is the most widely used approach for cytological and histological material sampling in these situations used in up to two thirds of patients with pancreatic cancer. Based on this unique material, we and others developed strategies to improve the differential diagnosis between carcinoma and inflammatory pancreatic lesions by analysis of KRAS oncogene mutation, microRNA expression and methylation, as well as mRNA expression using both qRT-PCR and Low Density Array Taqman analysis. Indeed, differentiating pancreatic cancer from pseudotumoral chronic pancreatitis remains very difficult in current clinical practice, and endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration-biopsy analysis proved to be very helpful. In this review, we will compile the clinical and molecular advantages of using endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration-biopsy in managing pancreatic cancer.

  16. Molecular Endoscopic Ultrasound for Diagnosis of Pancreatic Cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration-biopsy is a safe and effective technique in diagnosing and staging of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. However its predictive negative value does not exceed 50% to 60%. Unfortunately, the majority of pancreatic cancer patients have a metastatic and/or a locally advanced disease (i.e., not eligible for curative resection) which explains the limited access to pancreatic tissue specimens. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration-biopsy is the most widely used approach for cytological and histological material sampling in these situations used in up to two thirds of patients with pancreatic cancer. Based on this unique material, we and others developed strategies to improve the differential diagnosis between carcinoma and inflammatory pancreatic lesions by analysis of KRAS oncogene mutation, microRNA expression and methylation, as well as mRNA expression using both qRT-PCR and Low Density Array Taqman analysis. Indeed, differentiating pancreatic cancer from pseudotumoral chronic pancreatitis remains very difficult in current clinical practice, and endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration-biopsy analysis proved to be very helpful. In this review, we will compile the clinical and molecular advantages of using endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration-biopsy in managing pancreatic cancer

  17. Kikuchis lymphadenitis: Is biopsy necessary in managing these patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hemalatha Anantharamaiah

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Kikuchis-Fujimoto's is a benign, self-limiting, cervical lymphadenitis, fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC plays a very important role in the diagnosis and management of these patients. We present a case of 30-year-old female presenting with supraclavicular lymphadenopathy and fever, diagnosed as Kikuchis-Fujimoto's lymphadenitis on FNAC with no recurrence or development of Lupus lymphadenitis even after 1-year of follow-up. Although Kikuchis-Fujimoto's is a rare cause of lymphadenopathy, FNAC is an important tool in diagnosing this entity and differentiating from tubercular lymphadenitis and Lupus adenitis. Presence of cresentric nucleated histiocytes engulfed karryorrhectic debris and monocytoid cells aids in the diagnosing. A definitive diagnosis made on FNAC can avoid biopsy and unnecessary diagnostic and therapeutic interventions in these patients. However, a look out for recurrence and development of Lupus with regular followup and serological examination is imperative.

  18. Biopsy of parotid masses: Review of current techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haldar, Sananda; Sinnott, Joseph D; Tekeli, Kemal M; Turner, Samuel S; Howlett, David C

    2016-05-28

    Definitive diagnosis of parotid gland masses is required optimal management planning and for prognosis. There is controversy over whether fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) or ultrasound guided core biopsy (USCB) should be the standard for obtaining a biopsy. The aim of this review is to assess the current evidence available to assess the benefits of each technique and also to assess the use of intra-operative frozen section (IOFS). Literature searches were performed using pubmed and google scholar. The literature has been reviewed and the evidence is presented. FNAC is an accepted and widely used technique. It has been shown to have variable diagnostic capabilities depending on centres and experience of staff. USCB has a highly consistent diagnostic accuracy and can help with tumour grading and staging. However, the technique is more invasive and there is a question regarding potential for seeding. Furthermore, USCB is less likely to be offered as part of a one-stop clinic. IOFS has no role as a first line diagnostic technique but may be reserved as an adjunct or for lesions not amenable to percutaneous biopsy. On balance, USCB seems to be the method of choice. The current evidence suggests it has superior diagnostic potential and is safe. With time, USCB is likely to supplant FNAC as the biopsy technique of choice, replicating that which has occurred already in other areas of medicine such a breast practice. PMID:27247715

  19. [Fine needle aspiration cytology of mammography screening

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engvad, B.; Laenkholm, A.V.; Schwartz, Thue W.;

    2009-01-01

    diagnostic classes were introduced. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality assurance programme in a screening population to determine whether fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) as first choice remains a useful tool in the preoperative diagnostics, or if needle core biopsy should be the first...

  20. Image-Guided percutaneous biopsies with a biopsy gun

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Kyung Hwan; Lim, Hyo Keun; Kim, Eun Ah; Yun, Ku Sub; Bae, Sang Hoo; Shin, Hyung Sik [Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-07-15

    We report the results of image-guided percutaneous biopsies with a biopsy gun and evaluate the clinical usefulness. One hundred and five biopsies under ultrasonographic or fluoroscopic guidance were performed. Various anatomic sites were targeted(liver; 50, chest; 22, kidney; 12, pancreas; 8, intraperitoeum; 7, retroperitoneum; ). Obtained tissue was diagnostic in 98 of the 105 biopsies(93%). In each instance, representative core tissue specimens were obtained. Evaluation of the core tissue by pathologist revealed consistent, uniform specimens that contained significant crush artifact in no case. Five biopsies yielded inadequate tissue which were too small for histopathologic interpretation or were composed of necrotic debris. Two biopsies yielded adequate tissues, but tissues were not of the target. The diagnoses were malignancy in 77 biopsies and benign disease in 21 biopsies. No complications other than mild, localized discomfort were encountered except a transient hemoptysis and pneumothorax which was observed in two patients. Cutting biopsy with a biopsy gun provided sufficient amount of target tissue for an accurate diagnosis of malignant and benign disease. It was a safe and useful procedure for percutaneous biopsy.

  1. Role of Brush Biopsy and DNA Cytometry for Prevention, Diagnosis, Therapy, and Followup Care of Oral Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfred Böcking

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Late diagnosis resulting in late treatment and locoregional failure after surgery are the main causes of death in patients with oral squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs. Actually, exfoliative cytology is increasingly used for early detection of oral cancer and has been the subject of intense research over the last five years. Significant advances have been made both in relation to screening and evaluation of precursor lesions. As this noninvasive procedure is well tolerated by patients, more lesions may be screened and thus more oral cancers may be found in early, curable stages. Moreover, the additional use of DNA image cytometry is a reasonable tool for the assessment of the resection margins of SCC. DNA image cytometry could help to find the appropriate treatment option for the patients. Finally, diagnostic DNA image cytometry is an accurate method and has internationally been standardized. In conclusion, DNA image cytometry has increasing impact on the prevention, diagnostic, and therapeutical considerations in head and neck SCC.

  2. Radiation dose to the patient and the radiologist while performing on chest computed tomography: a program of early diagnosis of lung cancer, biopsy and treatment simulation guided radiation oncologist breast cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper we determine the equivalent dose received by the operator and patient lung biopsies using thermoluminescence dosimeters, are established recommendations that this dose is as low as possible. It also reviews the acquisition protocols in both CT scans in early diagnosis program cited as the acquisition of CT for treatment planning dosimetric radiation oncologist in breast cancer.

  3. Scalp Melanoma Diagnosed by Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in a Tertiary Health Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. B. Zarami

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Melanoma is one of the most aggressive malignant skin neoplasms worldwide with more than 20% of world melanoma seen in black Africa and Asia. Late presentation due to ignorance, poverty, and lack of adequate health facility in Nigeria is always the norms. We present this case report because of precision in diagnosis, using fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC to reemphasize that the technique is cheap, cost effective, and quick that can reduce the burden of incisional biopsy before definitive surgery and improve early detection of the disease especially in developing countries.

  4. Synovial biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... small incision. After anesthesia, an instrument called a trocar is inserted into the joint space. This tool ... area. A biopsy grasper is inserted through the trocar and turned to cut out a tissue segment. ...

  5. Testicular biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - testicle ... or at a hospital. The skin over the testicle is cleaned with a germ-killing (antiseptic) medicine. ... through the skin. A small piece of the testicle tissue is removed. The opening in the testicle ...

  6. PERCUTANEOUS PLEURAL BIOPSY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Bahadori

    1966-01-01

    Full Text Available I have carried out 22 biopsies in 20 Patients, in fifteen I used a Vim _ Silverman Needle, and in the remainder a curetting type Needle, In 12 cases (60% the diagnosis that was made; in 3 cases, inadequate tissue, was obtained; in two cases a fibromuscular tissue, in one case a fatty tissue and in one case the specimen was of hepatic tissue. Even with the small biopsy specimen obtained with the Needle it is easy to recognize malignant tissue if present.

  7. Pancreatic metastasis in a case of small cell lung carcinoma: Diagnostic role of fine-needle aspiration cytology and immunocytochemistry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilip K Das

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Small cell lung carcinoma represents a group of highly malignant tumors giving rise to early and widespread metastasis at the time of diagnosis. However, the pancreas is a relatively infrequent site of metastasis by this neoplasm, and there are only occasional reports on its fine needle aspiration (FNA cytology diagnosis. A 66-year-old man presented with extensive mediastinal lymphadenopathy and a mass in the pancreatic tail. Ultrasound-guided FNA smears from the pancreatic mass contained small, round tumor cells with extensive nuclear molding. The cytodiagnosis was metastatic small cell carcinoma. Immunocytochemical staining showed that a variable number of neoplastic cell were positive for cytokeratin, chromogranin A, neurone-specific enolase and synaptophysin but negative for leukocyte common antigen. The trans-bronchial needle aspiration was non-diagnostic, but biopsy was suspicious of a small cell carcinoma. This case represents a rare metastatic lesion in the pancreas from small cell lung carcinoma, diagnosed by FNA cytology.

  8. Preoperative assessment of thyroid nodules: role of ultrasonography and fine needle aspiration biopsy followed by cytology Avaliação preoperatória de nódulos thireóides: papel da ultrassonografia e da biópsia de aspiraçào por agulha fina, seguida de citologia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosalinda YA Camargo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE:To evaluate the preoperative assessment of thyroid nodules using ultrasound studies and cytology of nodular aspirates. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 2,468 patients with thyroid nodules were examined from 1999 to 2005. All patients were clinically examined and underwent ultrasonography followed by fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB and cytology. RESULTS:Nodules larger than 10 mm were classified ultrasonographically in a 4-tier system and received a score according to the criterion of possible malignancy. Cytological examinations were conducted independently by 2 cytologists and classified as benign (score 1, indeterminate (score 2, suspicious (score 3, and malignant (score 6. Combining both scores, an index was generated that would indicate a higher probability of malignancy (benign, doubtful, suspicious, and malignant. Thyroid surgery was performed in 274 patients. Of those, 115 patients had a score of 2 to 5 and only 8 had a histological diagnosis of thyroid cancer (6.9%. For patients with a score of 5 (n = 51, 11.5% had a malignant lesion, and 51% of the 61 patients with a score of 6 had confirmed thyroid cancer. Of the 98 patients with a combined score of 7 to 10, 99% had a histological confirmation of malignancy. CONCLUSIONS: The index score had a sensitivity of 94.1% and specificity of 77.5%. The overall accuracy was 85.8%. Therefore, we concluded that this methodology may improve the preoperative diagnosis of thyroid cancer in nodules larger than 10 mm. Association with other methods such as color Doppler echography, serum TSH concentration, galectin-3 expression analysis, and FDG/PET scan would be useful in avoiding the higher costs of thyroid surgical procedures.OBJETIVO: Avaliar a possibilidade de diagnóstico pré-operativo de nódulos da tireóide (de diâmetro superior a 10mm usando ultra-sonografia da glândula tireóide e citologia de punção aspirativa por agulha fina guiada pela ultra-sonografia. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: N

  9. Next-generation sequencing of lung cancer EGFR exons 18-21 allows effective molecular diagnosis of small routine samples (cytology and biopsy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dario de Biase

    Full Text Available Selection of lung cancer patients for therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors directed at EGFR requires the identification of specific EGFR mutations. In most patients with advanced, inoperable lung carcinoma limited tumor samples often represent the only material available for both histologic typing and molecular analysis. We defined a next generation sequencing protocol targeted to EGFR exons 18-21 suitable for the routine diagnosis of such clinical samples. The protocol was validated in an unselected series of 80 small biopsies (n=14 and cytology (n=66 specimens representative of the material ordinarily submitted for diagnostic evaluation to three referral medical centers in Italy. Specimens were systematically evaluated for tumor cell number and proportion relative to non-neoplastic cells. They were analyzed in batches of 100-150 amplicons per run, reaching an analytical sensitivity of 1% and obtaining an adequate number of reads, to cover all exons on all samples analyzed. Next generation sequencing was compared with Sanger sequencing. The latter identified 15 EGFR mutations in 14/80 cases (17.5% but did not detected mutations when the proportion of neoplastic cells was below 40%. Next generation sequencing identified 31 EGFR mutations in 24/80 cases (30.0%. Mutations were detected with a proportion of neoplastic cells as low as 5%. All mutations identified by the Sanger method were confirmed. In 6 cases next generation sequencing identified exon 19 deletions or the L858R mutation not seen after Sanger sequencing, allowing the patient to be treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors. In one additional case the R831H mutation associated with treatment resistance was identified in an EGFR wild type tumor after Sanger sequencing. Next generation sequencing is robust, cost-effective and greatly improves the detection of EGFR mutations. Its use should be promoted for the clinical diagnosis of mutations in specimens with unfavorable tumor cell

  10. Assessment of pancreatic neoplasms: review of biopsy techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldin, Steven B; Bradner, Michael W; Zervos, Emmanuel E; Rosemurgy, Alexander S

    2007-06-01

    Pancreatic cancer is the 4th leading cause of cancer death annually. Recent technological advances in imaging have led to non-uniformity in the evaluation of pancreatic neoplasms. The following article describes the history behind various biopsy techniques and the rationale for obtaining a biopsy of a pancreatic neoplasm and discusses the benefits and disadvantages of the various pancreatic biopsy techniques, including fine needle aspiration biopsy, Tru-cut needle biopsy, endoscopic brushings/cytology, and endoscopic ultrasound guided biopsies. A treatment algorithm for pancreatic neoplasms is then presented. PMID:17562121

  11. Acurácia da punção aspirativa por agulha fina e da punção por agulha grossa no diagnóstico de lesões mamárias Diagnostic accuracy of the fine needle aspiration cytologyand core needle biopsy as a diagnostic method for breast lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Pontes Frankel

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar a acurácia da punção aspirativa por agulha fina (PAAF e da punção por agulha grossa (PAG no diagnóstico da lesão mamária e do câncer de mama. MÉTODOS: trata-se de um estudo transversal, retrospectivo e descritivo, baseado na busca em prontuários médicos. A PAAF e a PAG foram realizadas sequencialmente, como rotina do serviço de Mastologia. Os dois procedimentos percutâneos foram realizados em 233 pacientes, no período de março de 2005 a fevereiro de 2007. Foram incluídas mulheres com idade igual ou superior a 18 anos, com alterações no exame clínico e/ou de imagem das mamas ou com histórico familiar de câncer de mama e/ou ovário. A PAAF e a PAG foram realizadas de acordo com as recomendações técnicas do Instituto Nacional de Câncer. Foram calculados o percentual de concordância, o coeficiente Kappa de Cohen, a sensibilidade, a especificidade, os valores preditivos positivo e negativo e a acurácia da PAAF e da PAG, considerando como padrão-ouro a biópsia cirúrgica. RESULTADOS: a média de idade das pacientes foi de 49 anos (±12,7, os tumores mediam em média 26,9 mm (±23,1, e em 47,2% dos casos, tinham mais de 20 mm. A sensibilidade, a especificidade, os valores preditivos positivo e negativo e a acurácia foram maiores na PAG do que na PAAF, independentemente do tamanho da lesão mamária, tendo a PAG uma acurácia diagnóstica de 97,5% e a PAAF de 77,5%. CONCLUSÃO: apesar de a PAG mostrar maiores valores de sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo, valor preditivo negativo e acurácia que a PAAF, tanto para as lesões palpáveis quanto para as impalpáveis, o método permanece útil no diagnóstico minimamente invasivo das lesões mamárias, sobretudo quando seus resultados são analisados em conjunto com o exame clínico e de imagem.PURPOSE: to determine the accuracy of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB and of core-needle biopsy (CNB in diagnosing breast lumps and breast

  12. Methods for Prostate Biopsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ghafoori

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Prostate cancer is currently the most prevalent form of cancer in men and the second leading cause of can-cer death in the United States, and the third most common cancer in men worldwide. Increasing mor-tality rates due to prostate carcinoma have been ob-served worldwide. This disease usually progresses im-perceptibly; thus, patients are unlikely to seek medi-cal help during the early stages. For these reasons, screening programs aimed at early detection have been developed. The prostate-specific antigen (PSA test is among the best screening tools available in medicine today and is recognized as the best marker for its early detection. Prostate cancers detected by DRE method alone are clinically localized only 50% to 60% of the time, whereas PSA-detected tumors are clinically localized 90% of the time and pathologi-cally confined to the prostate as determined at prostatectomy about two thirds of the time. Recently, the detection of localized prostate cancers has improved, owing to the development of various new biopsy methods. However, a standard biopsy method, including number of cores, has not yet been established at present. When screening results indi-cate the possibility of prostate cancer, a pathologic diagnosis may be pursued by ultrasound guided trans-rectal needle biopsy. Prostate biopsy is usually ad-vised if serum PSA is >4 ng/mL, and this procedure remains the gold standard for prostate cancer diagno-sis. Fine needle biopsy is less painful than core bi-opsy, but also less diagnostically accurate. Systematic biopsy protocols: In 1989, Hodge et al. coined the sextant biopsy method that is still the standard of reference in prostate cancer detection. The prostate is bilaterally divided into three regions (apex, midgland, and base, all of which are system-atically biopsied once. Although Hodge et al. first proposed sextant biopsy under transrectal ultrasound guidance, some recent reports have indicated that systematic sextant biopsy

  13. Exogenous lipoid pneumonia induced by aspiration of insecticide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishimatsu, Keisuke; Kamitani, Takeshi; Matsuo, Yoshio; Hatakenaka, Masamitsu; Sunami, Shunya; Jinnouchi, Mikako; Nagao, Michinobu; Yabuuchi, Hidetake; Honda, Hiroshi

    2012-01-01

    Exogenous lipoid pneumonia is a rare disorder caused by inhalation and/or aspiration of oil-based substances. The confirmed diagnosis of exogenous lipoid pneumonia is difficult, especially in cases for which it is impossible to ascertain a history of inhalation or aspiration. We present a case of exogenous lipoid pneumonia due to aspiration of insecticide, for which the computed tomography findings of fat attenuation within the lesion were helpful in reaching a correct diagnosis. PMID:21952608

  14. Endomyocardial biopsy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As the result of recent improvements in catheter design and pathologic interpretation, transvascular endomyocardial biopsy has become an important component in the invasive evaluation of patients with known or suspected primary myocardial dysfunction. Because significant controversy remains about the definition, frequency, natural history, and optimal treatment, of many of these myocardial disorders, however, use of the endomyocardial biopsy in the routine evaluation of patients with myocardial disease varies from center to center. This chapter focuses on the currently available techniques for endomyocardial histology appears most valuable, rather than on a precise listing of current indications for this procedure

  15. The value of B ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration cytology to the diagnosis of renal carcinoma%B超引导下细针吸取细胞学涂片对肾癌的诊断价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马广贞; 滕玲玲; 周莉; 王敏; 梁凤泉; 陈冰; 解建军

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨细针穿刺细胞学涂片对肾癌的诊断价值.方法 选取有病理组织学对照的59例肾癌病例.每一病例术前均行细针穿刺细胞学涂片(FNAC),分析细胞学涂片对肾癌诊断的准确率.结果 FNAC诊断准确率为83.1%(49/59).对恶性肿瘤分型中,FNAC 诊断准确率为66.1%(39/59),差异显著(P<0.05).结论 细针吸取细胞学对肾癌的诊断准确性较高,但对组织分型诊断特异性较差.%Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of fine needle aspiration(FNA)cytology to the renal carcinoma.Methods A total of 59 samples from kidney maglignant tumor with matched histological diagnosis were studied.Every case was diagnosised by fine needle aspiration cytology(FNAC).The diagnostic accuracy of cell cytology was analyzed in comparing retrospectively with the smear cytology in the renal carcinoma.Results The diagnostic accuracy of FNAC was 83.1%(49/59) in sensitivity.For kidney malignant tumors,the histological typing accuracy was 66.1%(39/59),which had significant difference(P<0.05).Conclusion The diagnostic accuracy of fine needle aspiration cytology is higher in kidney malignant tumors.But FNAC diagnosis of histological type-specific lower.

  16. Osteofibrous dysplasia, osteofibrous dysplasia-like adamantinoma and adamantinoma: correlation of radiological imaging features with surgical histology and assessment of the use of radiology in contributing to needle biopsy diagnosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khanna, Monica; Saifuddin, Asif [Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Department of Clinical Radiology, Stanmore, Middlesex (United Kingdom); Delaney, David; Tirabosco, Roberto [Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Department of Histopathology, Stanmore, Middlesex (United Kingdom)

    2008-12-15

    The aim of this study was to correlate the imaging features with surgical histology for tibial osteofibrous dysplasia (OFD), osteofibrous dysplasia-like adamantinoma (OFD/LA) and classical adamantinoma and to determine the additional role of imaging in suggesting a correct diagnosis in cases of needle biopsy misdiagnosis. This is a retrospective audit of 24 patients presenting over a 9-year period to a specialist orthopaedic oncology unit. Radiographic and axial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics were recorded for each patient. The needle biopsy diagnosis and resection specimen histological diagnoses were retrospectively reviewed and compared with the imaging findings. The 24 cases comprised five OFD, 11 OFD/LA and eight adamantinoma based on surgical resection histology. The mean length of OFD was 6.1 cm (range 2-8.5 cm), for OFD/LA was 6.5 cm (range 2-13 cm) and for adamantinoma was 13.2 cm (range 6.5-26 cm). Seven of eight adamantinomas had moth-eaten margins compared to five of 11 OFD/LA and two of five OFDs. Three of eight adamantinomas demonstrated cortical destruction, with seven of eight cases completely involving the marrow cavity. In comparison, only one of 11 OFD/LA cases and one of five OFD cases demonstrated cortical destruction, and complete marrow involvement was rare. Four of 19 cases had a different needle biopsy result compared to the final histology, three cases being upgraded from an OFD/LA or OFD to classical adamantinoma. The radiological features of these three cases were more in keeping with a diagnosis of adamantinoma. A diagnosis of classical adamantinoma is suggested by an extensive lesion with moth-eaten margins and complete involvement of the medullary cavity on axial MR imaging. Misdiagnosis on needle biopsy may occur in up to one fifth of cases, and radiological features can assist in making the correct diagnosis. (orig.)

  17. Punção aspirativa guiada por ultrassom endobrônquico no diagnóstico e estadiamento de linfadenopatia mediastinal: experiência inicial no Brasil Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in the diagnosis and staging of mediastinal lymphadenopathy: initial experience in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Lia Tedde

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA, punção aspirativa por agulha guiada por ultrassom endobrônquico é um método novo em diagnóstico e estadiamento linfonodal mediastinal. O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar os resultados preliminares obtidos com EBUS-TBNA no diagnóstico de lesões e no estadiamento linfonodal mediastinal. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados pacientes com tumores ou adenopatias mediastinais e com diagnóstico ou suspeita de câncer de pulmão. Os procedimentos foram realizados com os pacientes sob sedação ou anestesia geral. O material coletado foi preparado em lâminas fixadas em álcool absoluto para citologia e em formol para bloco de células. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 50 pacientes (30 do sexo masculino, com média de idade de 58,3 ± 13,5 anos. Foram realizadas 201 punções em 81 linfonodos ou massas mediastinais (média de 2,5 punções. O material obtido foi considerado adequado para análise citológica em 37 pacientes (74%, dos quais 21 (57% foram diagnosticados com malignidade. Nos 16 pacientes remanescentes, 1 teve diagnóstico de tuberculose, 6 tiveram seguimento clínico, e 9 foram submetidos a investigação adicional (2 diagnosticados com neoplasia - resultados falso-negativos. O rendimento do exame foi maior nos procedimentos com objetivo diagnóstico, em pacientes com lesões em múltiplas estações, e nas punções da estação linfonodal subcarinal. Um paciente apresentou sangramento endobrônquico resolvido com medidas locais. Não houve mortalidade na série. CONCLUSÕES: Esta experiência preliminar confirmou que o EBUS-TBNA é procedimento seguro, e que o nosso rendimento diagnóstico, inferior ao da literatura, foi compatível com a curva de aprendizado do método.OBJECTIVE: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA is a new method for the diagnosis and staging of mediastinal lymph nodes. The objective of this study was

  18. Value of CT-guided fine needle aspiration in solitary pulmonary nodules with negative fiberoptic bronchoscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The usefulness of fine needle aspiration (FNA) with CT-guidance was evaluated in the diagnosis of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPN) following negative fiberoptic bronchoscopy in 84 patients. The records were analyzed for all patients with SPN who had undergone chest FNA in the years 1988 to 1990, showing previous nondiagnostic fiberoptic bronchoscopy. A final diagnosis was made by biopsy (transbronchial, thoracotomy or necropsy), response to therapy or follow-up of the lesions. The patients had medium-sized lesions, 2.87 ± 1.11 cm, adherent to the pleura in 62%. In the diagnosis of malignancy FNA showed 76% sensitivity, 100% specificity, 100% positive predictive value, 52% negative predictive value and 81% accuracy. These results were correlated with histology in 84% of the cases. One pulmonary hemorrhage, which resolved spontaneously, and 12 cases of pneumothorax, requiring a thoracic tube in 4 patients, were noted. (orig.)

  19. Ureteral retrograde brush biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - brush - urinary tract; Retrograde ureteral brush biopsy cytology; Cytology - ureteral retrograde brush biopsy ... to be biopsied is rubbed with the brush. Biopsy forceps may be used instead to collect a ...

  20. Fine needle aspiration cytology of cervical lymph node involvement by ovarian serous borderline tumor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Longwen; Butler, Kristina A; Bell, Debra A

    2016-01-01

    Serous borderline tumor (SBT) involving a cervical lymph node is extremely rare. In addition, fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology of the involved cervical lymph node shares tremendous morphologic similarity with other low-grade papillary carcinomas. Thus, it can be easily misdiagnosed as metastatic carcinoma. A 42-year-old female had a history of bilateral SBT and postbilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. She presented with left cervical lymphadenopathy 6 months later. FNA cytology showed a low-grade papillary neoplasm with psammoma bodies. Needle core biopsy along with immunostains was diagnostic of cervical lymph node involvement (LNI) of SBT. although extremely rare, cervical LNI can be found in patients with SBTs. FNA cytology, sometimes, is indistinguishable from metastatic papillary adenocarcinoma. Cell block or needle core biopsy is essential to make the correct diagnosis. PMID:27563339

  1. Diagnosis of sebaceous lymphadenoma by fine needle aspiration in a patient with Cowden syndrome: Case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarek Jazaerly

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Sebaceous lymphadenoma (SLA is a rare benign tumor of the salivary gland that commonly arises in the parotid gland in adults. It is rarely diagnosed correctly preoperatively. In addition, to the best of our knowledge, SLA has not been described yet in the literature in association with Cowden′s syndrome (CS. We present an extremely rare case of parotid SLA that was diagnosed preoperatively by fine needle aspiration in a patient with CS.

  2. Toward improving fine needle aspiration cytology by applying Raman microspectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker-Putsche, Melanie; Bocklitz, Thomas; Clement, Joachim; Rösch, Petra; Popp, Jürgen

    2013-04-01

    Medical diagnosis of biopsies performed by fine needle aspiration has to be very reliable. Therefore, pathologists/cytologists need additional biochemical information on single cancer cells for an accurate diagnosis. Accordingly, we applied three different classification models for discriminating various features of six breast cancer cell lines by analyzing Raman microspectroscopic data. The statistical evaluations are implemented by linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and support vector machines (SVM). For the first model, a total of 61,580 Raman spectra from 110 single cells are discriminated at the cell-line level with an accuracy of 99.52% using an SVM. The LDA classification based on Raman data achieved an accuracy of 94.04% by discriminating cell lines by their origin (solid tumor versus pleural effusion). In the third model, Raman cell spectra are classified by their cancer subtypes. LDA results show an accuracy of 97.45% and specificities of 97.78%, 99.11%, and 98.97% for the subtypes basal-like, HER2+/ER-, and luminal, respectively. These subtypes are confirmed by gene expression patterns, which are important prognostic features in diagnosis. This work shows the applicability of Raman spectroscopy and statistical data handling in analyzing cancer-relevant biochemical information for advanced medical diagnosis on the single-cell level.

  3. Image-Guided Fine Needle Cytology with Aspiration Versus Non-Aspiration in Retroperitoneal Masses: Is Aspiration Necessary?

    OpenAIRE

    Misra, Rajiv Kumar; Mitra, Shaila; Jain, Rishav Kumar; Vahikar, Shilpa; Bundela, Archana; Misra, Purak

    2015-01-01

    Background: Although using fine needle cytology with aspiration (FNC-A) for establishing diagnoses in the retroperitoneal region has shown promise, there is scant literature supporting a role of non-aspiration cytology (FNC-NA) for this region. We assessed the accuracy and reliability of FNC-A and FNC-NA as tools for preoperative diagnosis of retroperitoneal masses and compared the results of both techniques with each other and with histopathology. Methods: Fifty-seven patients with retroperi...

  4. 针吸细胞学检查对乳腺癌术前诊断的价值与评价%Value and evaluation of fine-needle aspiration cytology for preoperative diagnosis of breast cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田新庆; 王文珍; 王小娜

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨针吸细胞学检查对乳腺癌术前诊断的应用及操作技巧.方法 对118例乳腺肿块患者采用提拉式穿刺检测器、7号针头与20ml注射器进行针吸细胞学检查.结果 79例一次针吸找到癌细胞,15例二次针吸找到癌细胞,其中提拉式穿刺检测器二次穿刺仅2例,均无假阳性;对24例针吸阴性者行区段切除术,4例术后病理切片为恶性,其余为良性病变,准确率为96.61%,假阴性率为4.08%.结论 针吸细胞学检查经济实用、安全、快捷、痛苦小、准确率高、重复性好、患者易接受,尤其提拉式穿刺检测器更具有优越性,对乳腺肿块的术前诊断和手术方式选择具有重要价值.%Objective To investigate the use and manipulation technology of fine-needle aspiration cytology for diagnosis of breast cancer before operation.Methods One hundred and eighteen cases of breast masses were detected with fme-needle aspiration cytology by lift-draw puncture implements,needle of number 7 and syringe of 20 millilitres.Results Tumor cells were found by one time fine-needle aspiration in 79 cases,by two times fine-needle aspiration in 15 cases.Only 2 cases were punctured twice by lift-draw puncture implements,no false positive cases were observed.Twenty-four cases with negative result of fine-needle aspiration were resected in bloks,and pathological slices were proved to be malignant in 4 cases,while the others were benign.The accuracy rate of diagnosis was 96.61%,the misdiagnostic rate was 4.08%.Conclusions Fine-needle aspiration cytology is economical,practical,safe and quick,with less pain,high accuracy,good repetition and can be easily accepted by the patients.The lift-draw puncture implements is especially superior to other equipments,which plays an important role in preoperative diagnosis of breast mass and operative method chosen.

  5. Polymerase chain reaction amplifying mycobacterial DNA from aspirates obtained by endoscopic ultrasound allows accurate diagnosis of mycobacterial disease in HIV-positive patients with abdominal lymphadenopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nieuwoudt, Martin; Lameris, Roeland; Corcoran, Craig; Rossouw, Theresa M; Slavik, Tomas; Du Plessis, Johannie; Omoshoro-Jones, Jones A O; Stivaktas, Paraskevi; Potgieter, Fritz; Van der Merwe, Schalk W

    2014-09-01

    Abdominal lymphadenopathy in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection remains a diagnostic challenge. We performed a prospective cohort study by recruiting 31 symptomatic HIV + patients with abdominal lymphadenopathy and assessing the diagnostic yield of endoscopic ultrasound fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA). Mean age was 38 years; 52% were female; and mean CD4 count and viral load were 124 cells/μL and 4 log, respectively. EUS confirmed additional mediastinal nodes in 26%. The porta hepatis was the most common abdominal site. Aspirates obtained by EUS-FNA were subjected to cytology, culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. Mycobacterial infections were confirmed in 67.7%, and 31% had reactive lymphadenopathy. Cytology and culture had low sensitivity, whereas PCR identified 90% of mycobacterial infections. By combining the appearance of aspirates obtained by EUS-FNA and cytologic specimens, we developed a diagnostic algorithm to indicate when analysis with PCR would be useful. PCR performed on material obtained by EUS-FNA was highly accurate in confirming mycobacterial disease and determining genotypic drug resistance.

  6. Gluteal Compartment Syndrome following an Iliac Bone Marrow Aspiration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edmundo Berumen-Nafarrate

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The compartment syndrome is a condition characterized by a raised hydraulic pressure within a closed and non expandable anatomical space. It leads to a vascular insufficiency that becomes critical once the vascular flow cannot return the fluids back to the venous system. This causes a potential irreversible damage of the contents of the compartment, especially within the muscle tissues. Gluteal compartment syndrome (GCS secondary to hematomas is seldom reported. Here we present a case of a 51-year-old patient with history of a non-Hodgkin lymphoma who underwent a bone marrow aspiration from the posterior iliac crest that had excessive bleeding at the puncture zone. The patient complained of increasing pain, tenderness, and buttock swelling. Intraoperative pressure validation of the gluteal compartment was performed, and a GCS was diagnosed. The patient was treated with a gluteal region fasciotomy. The patient recovered from pain and swelling and was discharged shortly after from the hospital. We believe clotting and hematologic disorders are a primary risk factor in patients who require bone marrow aspirations or biopsies. It is important to improve awareness of GCS in order to achieve early diagnosis, avoid complications, and have a better prognosis.

  7. Gastroscope Biopsy Intraepithelial Neoplasia High-level Clinical Pathological Diagnosis Analysis%胃镜活检上皮内瘤变高级别的临床病理诊断分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦岭; 蔡江义

    2016-01-01

    Objective To gastroscope biopsy intraepithelial neoplasia high-level discusses and analyzes the clinical pathological diagnosis. Methods 42 patients with epithelial neoplasia gastroscope biopsy in diagnosis of paral el operation,postoperative routine pathological section for testing. Results Two kinds of test results was no significant difference(P > 0.05). Conclusion Gastroscope biopsy of intraepithelial neoplasia high level clinical pathological diagnosis effect is remarkable.%目的:对胃镜活检上皮内瘤变高级别的临床病理诊断进行探讨分析。方法42例上皮瘤变患者均行胃镜活检诊断,并行手术治疗,术后应用常规病理切片进行检测。结果两种检查结果比较无差异(P >0.05)。结论胃镜活检对上皮内瘤变高级别临床病理诊断效果显著。

  8. Renal biopsy: methods and interpretation.