WorldWideScience

Sample records for asphalt concrete pavements

  1. Performance of Recycled Asphalt Pavement as Coarse Aggregate in Concrete

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fidelis O. OKAFOR

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Recycled asphalt pavement (RAP is the reclaimed and reprocessed pavement material containing asphalt and aggregate. Most RAP is recycled back into pavements, and as a result there is a general lack of data pertaining to the mechanical properties for RAP in other possible applications such as Portland cement concrete. In the present study, some mechanical properties of Portland cement concrete containing RAP as coarse aggregate were investigated in the laboratory. Six concrete mixes of widely differing water/cement ratios and mix proportions were made using RAP as coarse aggregate. The properties tested include the physical properties of the RAP aggregate, the compressive and flexural strengths of the concrete. These properties were compared with those of similar concretes made with natural gravel aggregate. Results of the tests suggest that the strength of concrete made from RAP is dependent on the bond strength of the “asphalt-mortar” (asphalt binder-sand-filler matrix coatings on the aggregates and may not produce concrete with compressive strength above 25 MPa. However, for middle and low strength concrete, the material was found to compare favorably with natural gravel aggregate.

  2. Criteria for asphalt-rubber concrete in civil airport pavements: Mixture design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, F. L.; Lytton, R. L.; Hoyt, D.

    1986-07-01

    A mixture design procedure is developed to allow the use of asphalt-rubber binders in concrete for flexible airport pavement. The asphalt-rubber is produced by reacting asphalt with ground, scrap tire rubber to produce the binder for the asphalt-rubber concrete. Procedures for laboratory preparation of alsphalt-rubber binders using an equipment setup that was found by researchers to produce laboratory binders with similar properties to field processes are included. The rubber-asphalt concrete mixture design procedure includes adjustments to the aggregate gradation to permit space for the rubber particles in the asphalt-rubber binder as well as suggested mixing and compaction temperatures, and compaction efforts. While the procedure was used in the laboratory to successfully produce asphalt-rubber concrete mixtures, it should be evaluated in the field to ensure that consistent results can be achieved in a production environment.

  3. Dynamic response of concrete pavement structure with asphalt isolating layer under moving loads

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianmin Wu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A three-dimensional finite element model (3D FEM is built using ABAQUS to analyze the dynamic response of a concrete pavement structure with an asphalt isolating layer under moving loads. The 3D model is prepared and validated in the state of no asphalt isolating layer. Stress and deflection at the critical load position are calculated by changing thickness, modulus of isolating layer and the combination between the isolating layer and concrete slab. Analysis result shows that the stress and deflection of the concrete slab increase with the increase of thickness. The stress and deflection of the concrete slab decrease with the increase of combination between the isolating layer and concrete slab. The influence of changing the isolating layer modulus to the stress and deflection of the concrete slab is not significant. From the results, asphalt isolating layer design is suggested in concrete pavement.

  4. The design and analysis on asphalt concrete pavement%沥青混凝土路面设计分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王星茹

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduced the design process of urban road asphalt pavement,discussed the material and type of asphalt concrete pave-ment,from the pavement structure combination design,pavement design index,pavement structure layer calculation and other aspects,elabora-ted the design method of asphalt concrete pavement,made the asphalt pavement meet the structure strength and stability requirements.%介绍了城市道路沥青路面设计的流程,论述了沥青混凝土面层的材料与类型,从路面结构组合设计、路面设计指标、路面结构层计算等方面,阐述了沥青混凝土路面的设计方法,使沥青路面满足结构强度和稳定性的要求.

  5. HOW TO OBTAIN ECONOMICALLY EFFICIENT ASPHALT CONCRETE MIXTURES FOR CONSTRUCTIVE AUTOMOBILE ROAD AND STREET PAVEMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Verenko

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes a methodology for evaluation of technical and economic efficiency of asphalt concrete mixture components. The method allows to perform a directed search for new materials which are used for mixture preparation and it also provides an efficient use of monetary funds. Firstly, it is possible to obtain this result due to optimum price-quality ratio of asphalt mixture which is determined by its service life in a pavement; secondly, it is possible to obtain this result due to  exclusion of errors while selecting components of the asphalt mixture out of the whole range applied presently in the world practice.

  6. USE OF RECLAIMED ASPHALT PAVEMENT WITH MILLED ROAD PAVEMENT LAYERS

    OpenAIRE

    Andrzej Plewa; Marta Wasilewska; Władysław Gardziejczyk; Paweł Gierasimiuk

    2015-01-01

    The article presents the results of research on the functional properties of asphalt mixes using RAP obtained from milling asphalt road pavements. Asphalt concrete AC 22P with 0%, 10%, 15% and 20% addition of RAP used for base course of road pavements were designed. It was found that asphalt mixes with RAP characterized by comparable and in some cases better functional properties compared to the asphalt mixes without RAP (0%). One should notice the influence of RAP on the performance and ...

  7. Cause Analysis of Asphalt Concrete Pavement Disease%沥青路面病害的成因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高雪

    2013-01-01

    From raw materials selection, structure design and construction of asphalt concrete pavement, the article made a detailed description on disease types, causes and prevention measures of the asphalt concrete pavement.%  文章从沥青混凝土路面的原材料选择、结构设计、施工等方面入手,对沥青混凝土路面病害的类型、发生原因及防治措施进行详细说明。

  8. USE OF RECLAIMED ASPHALT PAVEMENT WITH MILLED ROAD PAVEMENT LAYERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrzej Plewa

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the results of research on the functional properties of asphalt mixes using RAP obtained from milling asphalt road pavements. Asphalt concrete AC 22P with 0%, 10%, 15% and 20% addition of RAP used for base course of road pavements were designed. It was found that asphalt mixes with RAP characterized by comparable and in some cases better functional properties compared to the asphalt mixes without RAP (0%. One should notice the influence of RAP on the performance and durability of the asphalt mixtures, as compared to virgin asphalt mixtures (without RAP.

  9. Asphalt in Pavement Maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asphalt Inst., College Park, MD.

    Maintenance methods that can be used equally well in all regions of the country have been developed for the use of asphalt in pavement maintenance. Specific information covering methods, equipment and terminology that applies to the use of asphalt in the maintenance of all types of pavement structures, including shoulders, is provided. In many…

  10. Assessment of the aging level of rejuvenated hot mixed asphalt concrete pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGovern, Megan; Buttlar, William G.; Reis, Henrique

    2016-04-01

    The efficacy of asphalt rejuvenator on restoring the properties of oxidatively aged asphalt was tested via a non-collinear ultrasonic subsurface wave mixing technique modified for field use. Longitudinal transducers were mounted on angle wedges to generate subsurface dilatational waves to allow for pavement evaluation when there is only access to one side. Because in the field the asphalt concrete (AC) pavement properties (i.e., ultrasonic velocities and attenuations) are unknown, a pre-determined fixed incident angle (based on the AC mixture type) was used, which allows for practical implementation in the field. Oxidative aged AC specimens were coated with rejuvenator (10% by weight of the binder) and left to dwell for varying amounts of time. Once the dwell time reached the desired amount, the specimen was immediately ultrasonically tested. The frequency ratio, f2/f1, at which the interaction took place and the normalized nonlinear wave generation parameter, β/β0, were recorded and compared against a reference plot. It was observed that the rejuvenator had the effect of restoring the nonlinear properties to those corresponding to a virgin sample after a sufficient amount of dwell time. The ability of the rejuvenator to fully penetrate and act on the binder was observed to be dependent on the porosity and aggregate structure, and thus varied for each specimen. As a result, some portions of the binder were restored to a greater extent than others. This non-uniform nature was captured via the nonlinear ultrasonic technique.

  11. 沥青砼路面裂缝预防措施%Prevention Measures on the Asphalt Concrete Pavement Crevices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾陇春

    2014-01-01

    文章简单介绍了沥青砼路面裂缝的集中类型,对沥青砼路面产生裂缝的原因进行了分析,着重提出了相应的沥青砼路面裂缝预防措施。希望能进一步延长沥青砼路面的使用寿命,提升路面服务质量,为工程技术人员提供一定的参考和借鉴。%This paper briefly introduces the main types of asphalt concrete pavement crevices and analyzed the causes of crevices, focusing on corresponding prevention measures. By this, the author hoped to further extend the service life of asphalt concrete pavement and improved the pavement quality, providing a reference for engineering and technical personnel.

  12. The Concrete and Pavement Challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, Harry T.

    2012-01-01

    The modern world is characterized by the extensive use of concrete and asphalt pavement. Periodically, these materials are replaced and the old materials disposed of. In this challenge, students will be asked to develop ways to reuse the old materials. It is important for students to understand how concrete and asphalt are made and applied, as…

  13. A study of sound absorption by street canyon boundaries and asphalt rubber concrete pavement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drysdale, Graeme Robert

    A sound field model, based on a classical diffusion equation, is extended to account for sound absorption in a diffusion parameter used to model sound energy in a narrow street canyon. The model accounts for a single sound absorption coefficient, separate accommodation coefficients and a combination of separate absorption and accommodation coefficients from parallel canyon walls. The new expressions are compared to the original formula through numerical simulations to reveal the effect of absorption on sound diffusion. The newly established analytical formulae demonstrate satisfactory agreement with their predecessor under perfect reflection. As well, the influence of the extended diffusion parameter on normalized sound pressure levels in a narrow street canyon is in agreement with experimental data. The diffusion parameters are used to model sound energy density in a street canyon as a function of the sound absorption coefficient of the street canyon walls. The acoustic and material properties of conventional and asphalt rubber concrete (ARC) pavement are also studied to assess how the crumb rubber content influences sound absorption in street canyons. The porosity and absolute permeability of compacted specimens of asphalt rubber concrete are measured and compared to their normal and random incidence sound absorption coefficients as a function of crumb rubber content in the modified binder. Nonlinear trends are found between the sound absorption coefficients, porosity and absolute permeability of the compacted specimens and the percentage of crumb rubber in the modified binders. The cross-sectional areas of the air voids on the surfaces of the compacted specimens are measured using digital image processing techniques and a linear relationship is obtained between the average void area and crumb rubber content. The measured material properties are used to construct an empirical formula relating the average porosity, normal incidence noise reduction coefficients and

  14. Porous Flame-retarded Asphalt Pavement for Highway Tunnel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Shuguang; HUANG Shaolong; Ding Qingjun

    2008-01-01

    A new way to improve the tunnel fire protection by using flame-retarded porous asphalt pavement containing ATH powders was introduced. Based on the miniature burning test designed and conducted, the burning time and temperature of porous asphalt (PA) and flame-retarded porous asphalt (FRPA) were studied comparing with cement concrete pavement, dense-graded HMA and S MA. Results of burning test and pavement performance test indicate that FRPA is appropriate and suitable as the pavement material of highway tunnel.

  15. VISCOELASTIC STRUCTURAL MODEL OF ASPHALT CONCRETE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Bogomolov

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The viscoelastic rheological model of asphalt concrete based on the generalized Kelvin model is offered. The mathematical model of asphalt concrete viscoelastic behavior that can be used for calculation of asphalt concrete upper layers of non-rigid pavements for strength and rutting has been developed. It has been proved that the structural model of Burgers does not fully meet all the requirements of the asphalt-concrete.

  16. Discussion on maintenance of asphalt concrete pavement in the rural highway%论农村公路沥青混凝土路面养护方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹海洋

    2013-01-01

    Asphalt concrete pavement with many excellent properties is widely used in road construction.But the asphalt concrete pavement in the use of the process will still exist all kinds of diseases,these diseases will have a very negative impact on the road quality and traffic safety.This paper expounds the importance of rural highway maintenance,then introduces the diseases and causes of asphalt concrete pavement,at last puts forward maintenance measures of asphalt concrete pavement of rural highway.%沥青混凝土路面具备很多优良的性能,在道路建设中应用非常广泛。但是沥青混凝土路面在使用过程中,还是会存在各种各样的病害,这些病害对公路质量水平和行车安全会产生十分不利的影响。文章阐述了农村公路养护的重要性,介绍了沥青混凝土路面的病害和成因,并提出了农村公路沥青混凝土路面养护措施。

  17. Concrete Pavement Joint Deterioration

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Concrete pavements are an important part of our national infrastructure. In recent years the relatively small number of reported joints deteriorating prematurely in concrete pavements around Indiana has increased. Changes over the past 45 years in INDOT specification, pavement materials, designs and construction practices, and current de-icing materials were examined and related to the durability of concrete at the joints of existing pavements. A survey of concrete pavements across the state ...

  18. The Construction Technology of Asphalt Concrete Pavement Joints%浅议沥青混凝土路面接缝施工技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Along with the pavement construction technology continues to improve, asphalt concrete pavement has become the current preferred highway bridge pavement. And the pave-ment joint is an important link in the construction of asphalt pavement, and its construction quality directly affects the app-earance and performance of pavement. This paper briefly desc-rybes and analyzes the joint construction technique in asphalt pavement construction.%  随着路面施工技术的不断提高,沥青混凝土路面已成为当前公路道桥工程路面的首选。而路面接缝是沥青路面施工中的重要环节,其施工质量的好坏直接影响着路面的外观及其工作性能。本文针对沥青路面施工中的接缝施工技术方法进行了简要阐述和分析。

  19. 浅谈高速沥青混凝土路面施工接缝处理%Discuss the Joint Treatment of Highway Asphalt Concrete Pavement Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊琳琳

    2014-01-01

    针对高速沥青混凝土路面施工接缝处理,本文主要探讨了路面施工接缝处理和施工接缝碾压工艺等技术。为了提高高速沥青混凝土路面实施接缝处理技术,需要提出有效的合理的措施。%In view of the joint treatment of highway asphalt concrete pavement construction, this article mainly discusses the technologies of pavement construction joint treatment and construction joint compaction craft. In order to improve the i-mplementation of joint treatment technology in highway asph-alt concrete pavement, people need put forward effective and reasonable measures.

  20. Investigation of Self Consolidating Concrete Containing High Volume of Supplementary Cementitious Materials and Recycled Asphalt Pavement Aggregates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patibandla, Varun chowdary

    The use of sustainable technologies such as supplementary cementitiuous materials (SCMs), and/or recycled materials is expected to positively affect the performance of concrete mixtures. However, it is important to study and qualify such mixtures and check if the required specifications of their intended application are met before they can be implemented in practice. This study presents the results of a laboratory investigation of Self Consolidating concrete (SCC) containing sustainable technologies. A total of twelve concrete mixtures were prepared with various combinations of fly ash, slag, and recycled asphalt pavement (RAP). The mixtures were divided into three groups with constant water to cementitiuous materials ratio of 0.37, and based on the RAP content; 0, 25, and 50% of coarse aggregate replaced by RAP. All mixtures were prepared to achieve a target slump flow equal to or higher than 500 mm (24in). A control mixture for each group was prepared with 100% Portland cement whereas all other mixtures were designed to have up to 70% of portland cement replaced by a combination of supplementary cementitiuous materials (SCMs) such as class C fly ash and granulated blast furnace slag. The properties of fresh concrete investigated in this study include flowability, deformability; filling capacity, and resistance to segregation. In addition, the compressive strength at 3, 14, and 28 days, the tensile strength, and the unrestrained shrinkage up to 80 days was also investigated. As expected the inclusion of the sustainable technologies affected both fresh and hardened concrete properties. Analysis of the experimental data indicated that inclusion of RAP not only reduces the ultimate strength, but it also affected the compressive strength development rate. Moreover, several mixes satisfied compressive strength requirements for pavements and bridges; those mixes included relatively high percentages of SCMs and RAP. Based on the results obtained in this study, it is not

  1. Calculation of the temperature of asphalt concrete at making the joints of multilane road pavement of non-rigid type

    OpenAIRE

    Giyasov Botir Iminzhonovich; Kupriyanov Roman Valer’evich; Andrianov Konstantin Anatol’evich; Zubkov Anatoliy Fedorovich

    2015-01-01

    The construction quality of road surface of non-rigid type essentially depend on providing the temperature regimes in the process of laying and packing of hot asphalt concrete mixtures. In order to provide the required characteristics of asphalt concrete due to the surface width it is necessary to provide the temperature regimes of hot asphalt concrete mixture in the zones of lane connection. The hot mixture is promptly cooling right after laying within several minutes, which results, accordi...

  2. 高性能沥青混凝土机场道面结构%Airfield pavement with high performance asphalt concrete

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱振东; 孟凡奇; 曾靖

    2015-01-01

    To improve the anti-rutting performance of airfield pavement, a high performance airfield pavement based on a new type of epoxy asphalt concrete was proposed.With the new type of epoxy asphalt concrete EAC20 as the middle surface course, SMA13 asphalt concrete as the first surface course, and AC20 asphalt concrete as the base surface course, the SEA airfield pavement was built up.The mechanical responses of the SEA airfield pavement under the static loads of the aircraft A380 were analyzed.The permanent deformation tests of the asphalt concrete in different airfield pavement layers were carried out.The creep parameters of the asphalt concrete in each layer were obtained by using the multiple linear regression method to simulate the permanent deformation of the SEA airfield pavement.The results demonstrate that taking the new type of epoxy asphalt concrete as the middle surface course can reduce the strain of the airfield pavement.The maximum tensile strain and the maximum compressive strain on the bottom of the asphalt surface course are respectively about 68%and 72%those of the traditional airfield pavement.Under 1 ×105 loads, the permanent deformation of the SEA airfield pavement is only 6 mm, which is about 42.9%that of the traditional SAA airfield pavement.%为增强机场沥青道面的抗轮辙性能,提出了一种基于新型环氧沥青混凝土的高性能机场道面结构.将新型环氧沥青混凝土EAC20作为机场道面的中面层,SMA13型沥青混凝土作为上面层,AC20型沥青混凝土作为下面层,由此构成SEA机场道面结构.分析了新一代大型客机A380荷载作用下SEA机场道面结构的力学响应,针对机场道面各层沥青混凝土进行永久变形试验,并采用多元线性回归得到各层材料的蠕变参数,以模拟SEA机场道面结构的永久变形.研究结果表明,将新型环氧沥青混凝土作为中面层应用于机场道面,可以减小机场道面结构的应变,沥

  3. Discussion on crack problems of asphalt concrete pavement%沥青混凝土路面裂缝问题的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李泽林

    2012-01-01

    分析了公路沥青混凝土路面裂缝的类型、形成原因及影响因素,阐述了裂缝对路面的危害,提出了对沥青路面裂缝的预防措施与处治方法,并分别作了具体介绍,以期指导实践。%This paper analysed the crack types, formation causes and influence factors of highway asphalt concrete pavement, elaborated the harm of cracks to pavement, proposed to the prevention measures and treatment methods to asphalt pavement cracks, and made detailed introduction, in order to guide practice.

  4. Determination of the heating temperature of potholes surface on road pavement in the process of repairs using hot asphalt concrete mixes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giyasov Botir Iminzhonovich

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In the process of roads construction the necessary transport and operational characteristics should be achieved, which depend on the quality of the applied, material and technologies. Under the loads of transport means and the influence of weather conditions on the road pavement deformations and destructions occur, which lead to worsening of transport and operational characteristics, decrease of operational life of the road and they are often the reason of road accidents. According to the data of the Strategic Research Center of "Rosgosstrah" more than 20 % of road accidents in Russia occur due to bad quality of road pavement. One of the main directions in traffic security control and prolongation of operational life for road pavement of non-rigid type is road works, as a result of which defects of pavement are eliminated and in case of timely repairs of high quality the operational life of the road increases for several years. The most widely used material for non-rigid pavement repairs is hot road concrete mixes and in case of adherence to specifications they provide high quality of works. The authors investigate the problems of hot asphalt concrete mixes for repairs of road surfaces of non-rigid type. The results of the study hot asphalt concrete mix’s temperature regimes are offered in case of repair works considering the temperature delivered to the work site and the ambient temperature depending on the type of mix and class of bitumen.

  5. Construction Techniques of Asphalt Concrete Pavement%浅析沥青混凝土路面施工技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    席晓彬

    2012-01-01

    随着我国公路建设事业的发展,沥青混凝土路面由于具有表面平整、行车舒适、耐磨、噪音小、施工周期短、养护维修简便等优点,无扬尘、无振动,还具有良好的抗滑性,因而被越来越多地应用到公路建设中。因此,只有对施工组织设计以及每道工序严格地控制,才能保证沥青混凝土路面的质量。%With the development of highway construction in China,asphalt concrete pavement is widely used for its advantages of smooth surface,comfortable driving,abrasion resistance,low noise,short construction period and easy maintenance and repair,and its non-dust and non-vibration construction with better slip resistance.Therefore,every procedure in construction and design should be strictly controlled to guarantee the quality of the pavement.

  6. Environmental performance and mechanical analysis of concrete containing recycled asphalt pavement (RAP) and waste precast concrete as aggregate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdem, Savaş; Blankson, Marva Angela

    2014-01-15

    The overall objective of this research project was to investigate the feasibility of incorporating 100% recycled aggregates, either waste precast concrete or waste asphalt planning, as replacements for virgin aggregates in structural concrete and to determine the mechanical and environmental performance of concrete containing these aggregates. Four different types of concrete mixtures were designed with the same total water cement ratio (w/c=0.74) either by using natural aggregate as reference or by totally replacing the natural aggregate with recycled material. Ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS) was used as a mineral addition (35%) in all mixtures. The test results showed that it is possible to obtain satisfactory performance for strength characteristics of concrete containing recycled aggregates, if these aggregates are sourced from old precast concrete. However, from the perspective of the mechanical properties, the test results indicated that concrete with RAP aggregate cannot be used for structural applications. In terms of leaching, the results also showed that the environmental behaviour of the recycled aggregate concrete is similar to that of the natural aggregate concrete.

  7. Asphalt for draining pavement; Haisuisei hosoyo asphalt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamamori, H.; Nakamura, Y. [Mitsubishi Oil Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-28

    The effect and functions of draining pavement with a superb performance as a paved road were introduced. In the draining pavement, a porous asphalt mixture was used for the surface and base layers of the road and the remaining layers are not in water penetration property. It is necessary that void continues to prevent water film from being generated when rain falls and resistance against water flow is small but durability has problems when the void rate is large. According to the balance, the void rate ranges from 20 to 23 % for execution, thus preventing water splash on a rainy day, hydroplaning, and dazzlement, etc. due to reflection of light. The noise during driving due to the tire of an automobile is reduced by 5 to 6 dB owing to draining pavement. Also, engine noise is reduced to 40 - 60 % since the surface is porous. In the draining pavement, a high-viscosity asphalt is used for a binder and the void rate is large, thus preventing temperature to rise easily due to heat release and achieving an improved flow behavior. 6 refs., 11 figs., 14 tabs.

  8. Multifractal Characteristics of Asphalt Concrete Pavement Macrotexture%沥青混凝土路面宏观纹理的多重分形特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苗英豪; 宋萍萍

    2013-01-01

    为深入分析沥青混凝土路面表面宏观纹理特征,在12条不同等级的道路上,选取了包含沥青混凝土(AC)、沥青玛蹄脂碎石(SMA)、开级配抗滑磨耗层(OGFC)、微表处(MS)和稀浆封层(SS)等路面类型的35个测试点,利用激光断面仪开展了路面表面宏观纹理断面的现场测试.分析表明,沥青混凝土路面表面宏观纹理断面具有典型的多重分形特征,多重分形谱呈向右的钩形,多重分形谱的分布宽度(△a)反映了路面断面起伏幅度的变化范围,与路面表面平均断面深度(MPD)之间有较为显著的相关性.最小概率子集与最大概率子集的分形维数差(△f(a))表征了路面表面纹理不同起伏幅度的分布情况,从一个新的角度描述了路面表面断面的特征,丰富了对路面表面宏观纹理特征的描述.%To deeply understand the features of asphalt concrete pavement macrotexture, field tests are conducted using laser profile tester at 35 test sites in 12 sections with 5 pavement types including Asphalt Concrete (AC), Stone Matrix Asphalt (SMA), Open Graded Friction Course (OGFC), Micro-Surfacing (MS) , and Slurry Seal (SS). It is shown that profile of asphalt concrete pavement macrotexture has significant multifractal property. All multifractal spectrums are like a hook facing right. The width of multifractal spectrum (△a) indicates the variation range of profile amplitude, which has significant correlation-ship with the Mean Profile Depth (MPD). Fractal dimension difference between the subset with minimum probability and the subset with maximum probability (△f(a)) describes the distribution of profile amplitude which characterizes the pavement macrotexture from another view and is a new choice for asphalt concrete pavement macrotexture charecterization.

  9. 新型改性环氧沥青混合料的性能研究%Study on pavement performance of new type modified epoxy asphalt concrete

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张昭; 李璐; 盛兴跃

    2012-01-01

    This paper manufactured a new type modified epoxy asphalt concrete by laboratory experiments. By comparing it' s Marshall performance, high-low temperature performance, and fatigue performance with American epoxy asphalt concrete, we found that the compatibility of new type modified epoxy asphalt concrete was very good, and it' s pavement performance and flexibility was better than American epoxy asphalt concrete, so it is worth being further extended.%通过室内试验,研制出了一种新型改性环氧沥青混合料,并将其马歇尔性能、高低温性能以及疲劳性能与同类进口产品美国环氧沥青混凝土进行了对比分析,发现所研制的新型环氧沥青混合料不仅相容性好,而且具有更优异的路用性能和柔韧性,值得推广应用。

  10. Investigation of modified asphalt concrete

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimich, Vita

    2016-01-01

    Currently the problem of improving the asphalt quality is very urgent. It is used primarily as topcoats exposed to the greatest relative to the other layers of the road, dynamic load - impact and shear. The number of cars on the road, the speed of their movement, as well as the traffic intensity increase day by day. We have to upgrade motor roads, which entails a huge cost. World experience shows that the issue is urgent not only in Russia, but also in many countries in Europe, USA and Asia. Thus, the subject of research is the resistance of asphalt concrete to water and its influence on the strength of the material at different temperatures, and resistance of pavement to deformation. It is appropriate to search for new modifiers for asphaltic binder and mineral additives for asphalt mix to form in complex the skeleton of the future asphalt concrete, resistant to atmospheric condensation, soil characteristics of the road construction area, as well as the growing road transport load. The important task of the work is searching special modifying additives for bitumen binder and asphalt mixture as a whole, which will improve the quality of highways, increasing the period between repairs. The methods described in the normative-technical documentation were used for the research. The conducted research allowed reducing the frequency of road maintenance for 7 years, increasing it from 17 to 25 years.

  11. Concrete Block Pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-03-01

    1967, Cedergren 1974, Federal Highway .’,U .. V,47 -’":: 37 Administration 1980). Block pavements have essentially the same prob- lems with moisture...Vicksburg, Miss. Cedergren , H. R. 1974. Drainage of Highway and Airfield Pavements, John Wiley and Sons, New VOk. I Cement and Concrete Association

  12. Research on the relationship between water stability and aggregate gradation of asphalt pavement

    OpenAIRE

    Zhao Bing; Zhao Bo

    2015-01-01

    In the early destruction of asphalt pavement, water damage is the most major form.In this paper, experimental study was conducted on the composition of asphalt concrete,Marshall specimens were made in different types of aggregate gradation with the same kind of asphalt. Water immersion tests were conducted in order to analysis the relationship between the water stability and aggregate gradation of asphalt pavement.

  13. Research on the relationship between water stability and aggregate gradation of asphalt pavement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao Bing

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In the early destruction of asphalt pavement, water damage is the most major form.In this paper, experimental study was conducted on the composition of asphalt concrete,Marshall specimens were made in different types of aggregate gradation with the same kind of asphalt. Water immersion tests were conducted in order to analysis the relationship between the water stability and aggregate gradation of asphalt pavement.

  14. Thermal stability analysis under embankment with asphalt pavement and cement pavement in permafrost regions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junwei, Zhang; Jinping, Li; Xiaojuan, Quan

    2013-01-01

    The permafrost degradation is the fundamental cause generating embankment diseases and pavement diseases in permafrost region while the permafrost degradation is related with temperature. Based on the field monitoring results of ground temperature along G214 Highway in high temperature permafrost regions, both the ground temperatures in superficial layer and the annual average temperatures under the embankment were discussed, respectively, for concrete pavements and asphalt pavements. The maximum depth of temperature field under the embankment for concrete pavements and asphalt pavements was also studied by using the finite element method. The results of numerical analysis indicate that there were remarkable seasonal differences of the ground temperatures in superficial layer between asphalt pavement and concrete pavement. The maximum influencing depth of temperature field under the permafrost embankment for every pavement was under the depth of 8 m. The thawed cores under both embankments have close relation with the maximum thawed depth, the embankment height, and the service time. The effective measurements will be proposed to keep the thermal stabilities of highway embankment by the results.

  15. Asphalt Pavement Aging and Temperature Dependent Properties Using Functionally Graded Viscoelastic Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dave, Eshan V.

    2009-01-01

    Asphalt concrete pavements are inherently graded viscoelastic structures. Oxidative aging of asphalt binder and temperature cycling due to climatic conditions being the major cause of non-homogeneity. Current pavement analysis and simulation procedures dwell on the use of layered approach to account for these non-homogeneities. The conventional…

  16. Experimental Research on Surface Characteristics of Epoxy Asphalt Concrete Pavement%环氧沥青混凝土铺装表面特性试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗桑; 钱振东

    2012-01-01

    To evaluate the surface characteristics of epoxy asphalt concrete pavement,the permeability test,dynamic friction test,Cantabro test,Hamburg test,and laser texture scanning test were conducted.Results show that the coefficient of water permeability of epoxy asphalt concrete is zero,the british pendulum number is 83.6,the mass abrasion rate is 12.5%,the mean profile depth is 0.305 mm,and the estimated texture depth is 0.432 mm.Results show that the water is held into steel deck,because the waterproof performance of epoxy asphalt concrete pavement is excellent.The skid resistance is qualified for the design of bridge deck pavements,but skid of a vehicle occurs when the speed of the vehicle is high on rainy days.Raveling happens under high-temperature water and tire contact loading.The smoothness of epoxy asphalt concrete pavement is good.The surface characteristics of epoxy asphalt concrete pavement satisfy design requirement.However,skid and raveling occur under adverse weather conditions.%为了解环氧沥青混凝土铺装的表面特性,采用渗透性试验、摆式摩擦系数试验、动态摩擦系数试验、肯塔堡飞散试验、汉堡车辙试验和激光纹理扫描试验,对环氧沥青混凝土铺装的渗水性能、抗滑性能、抗松散性能以及表面纹理特征等表面特性进行了试验评价.试验结果显示,环氧沥青混凝土铺装的渗水系数基本为0,摆式摩擦系数为83.6,飞散损失率为12.5%,轮廓深度平均值为0.305 mm,纹理深度估计值为0.432 mm.研究表明,环氧沥青混凝土铺装密水性好,能有效阻止雨水侵蚀钢桥面板;抗滑性能满足设计要求,但在雨天车辆行驶速度高时,易出现车辆打滑现象;抗松散能力较好,但在高温水浴和钢轮轮载的双重作用下,混合料会出现松散和剥落情况;环氧沥青混凝土铺装表面平整度好.环氧沥青混凝土铺装层表面特性符合钢桥面铺装层的设计使用要求,但在不利天气条件下,

  17. Numerical Analysis on Multi-scale Structure of Asphalt Concrete Pavement%沥青路面多尺度结构的荷载响应分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈俊; 黄晓明

    2012-01-01

    In order to explore the stress and strain relation in the pavement layers under traffic load from a meso-structural perspective, the single-scale discrete element model of asphalt pavement structure was built using discrete element method (DEM). The stress and strain at the bottom of the asphalt concrete layer under vertical load were calculated. The validation of discrete element model of asphalt pavement structure was conducted by the comparison of discrete element prediction with the results from the classical program. The distribution and volumetric fraction of coarse aggregate, asphalt mastic and air voids were taken into consideration at the bottom of the asphalt layer in the validated discrete element model to build the multi-scale structure of asphalt concrete pavement. The tensile stress and strain in asphalt mastics and interface between aggregate and mastic were obtained and compared with the results from the single-scale model. Results show that the stress and strain in multi-scale structure is heterogeneous distribution. The tensile stress at the interface between aggregate and mastic is much higher than that in mastic. The ratio of stress at interfaces to the stress in mastics increases as the mastic stiffness decreases. The pavement design based on single-scale model may underestimate the tensile stress at interface between aggregate and mastic and overestimate the tensile stress in mastic.%为了从材料细观结构角度研究沥青路面结构的荷载响应,采用离散元方法,建立了柔性基层沥青路面典型结构模型,并进行了竖向荷载作用下沥青混凝土层应力和应变的计算,通过与经典路面响应程序计算结果的比较,验证了路面结构离散元模型和离散元计算方法的正确性.以验证过的路面结构模型为基础,采用较小的细观尺度描述了沥青混凝土结构层底部位置处粗集料、沥青砂浆和空隙的分布和体积大小,从而建立了路面结构的多尺度模

  18. Characterization of Failure and Permanent Deformation Behaviour of Asphalt Concrete

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wang, J.G.

    2015-01-01

    Asphalt concrete is a viscoelastic material consisting of aggregates, filler and bitumen. The response of asphalt concrete is highly dependent on temperature, loading rate and confining pressure. Permanent deformation is one of the most important distresses developing during the flexible pavement se

  19. Pavement management and rehabilitation of portland cement concrete pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zegeer, C. V.; Agent, K. R.; Rizenbergs, R. L.; Curtayne, P. C.; Scullion, T.; Pedigo, R. D.; Hudson, W. R.; Roberts, F. L.; Karan, M. A.; Haas, R.

    Pavement management and rehabilitation projects and techniques are discussed. The following topics are discussed: economic analyses and dynamic programming in resurfacing project selection; implementation of an urban pavement management system; pavement performance modeling for pavement management; illustration of pavement management: from data inventory to priority analysis; rehabilitation of concrete pavements by using portland cement concrete overlays; pavement management study: Illinois tollway pavement overlays; resurfacing of plain jointed-concrete pavements; design procedure for premium composite pavement; model study of anchored pavement; prestressed concrete overlay at O'Hare International Airport: in-service evaluation; and, bonded portland cement concrete resurfacing.

  20. Calculation of the temperature of asphalt concrete at making the joints of multilane road pavement of non-rigid type

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giyasov Botir Iminzhonovich

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The construction quality of road surface of non-rigid type essentially depend on providing the temperature regimes in the process of laying and packing of hot asphalt concrete mixtures. In order to provide the required characteristics of asphalt concrete due to the surface width it is necessary to provide the temperature regimes of hot asphalt concrete mixture in the zones of lane connection. The hot mixture is promptly cooling right after laying within several minutes, which results, according to the construction technology and the specific conditions of work production, in temperature abuse of the mixture at joints of the lanes at packing. The authors present the analysis of the technology of arranging multilane road surface by one paver with the possibility of heating the surface lane edge with the temperature of the adjacent lane. The results of the studies of the production conditions effect on the temperature of edge heating of the previously laid lanes, and the time required to achieve the maximum heating temperature depending on the relative thickness of coating layers.

  1. THE FATIGUE DURABILITY OF THE MODIFIED ASPHALT CONCRETE UNDER THE EFFECT OF INTENSIVE TRAFFIC LOADS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuri KALGIN

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The problem of prediction of the service life of asphalt concrete surface constructed with modified asphalt concrete application onto a traffic lane is examined. Asphalt concrete behaviour in road surface under the traffic loads was analysed. There were shown The results of experiments and their mathematical analysis of the assessment of standard and modified cold asphalt concrete fatigue life on road surface were shown. The service life of an asphalt concrete surface covered with standard and modified cold asphalt concrete is examined. The prediction has been received with an account of stress relaxation processes in asphalt concrete pavement and unevenness of traffic load application.

  2. Precast Concrete Pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-11-01

    Gorsuch 1962, Kruse 1966, Jacoby 1967, and Hargett 1970). The final slab design used in construction is shown in Figure 2. These slabs were 6 ft wide, 24...Experiment Station, CE, Vicksburg, Miss. Gorsuch , R. F. 1962. "Preliminary Investigation of Precast Prestressed Concrete Pavements," MS Thesis, South Dakota

  3. Modeling Recycling Asphalt Pavement Processing Technologies in Asphalt Mixing Plants

    OpenAIRE

    Simonas Tamaliūnas; Henrikas Sivilevičius

    2011-01-01

    The article presents reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) processing technologies and equipment models used in the asphalt mixing plant (AMP). The schematic model indicating all possible ways to process RAP in AMP is shown. The model calculating the needed temperature of mineral materials used for heating RAP is given and an example of such calculation is provided.Article in Lithuanian

  4. Modeling Recycling Asphalt Pavement Processing Technologies in Asphalt Mixing Plants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simonas Tamaliūnas

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The article presents reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP processing technologies and equipment models used in the asphalt mixing plant (AMP. The schematic model indicating all possible ways to process RAP in AMP is shown. The model calculating the needed temperature of mineral materials used for heating RAP is given and an example of such calculation is provided.Article in Lithuanian

  5. Research on Influencing Factors for Compaction Performance of Asphalt Concrete Pavement%沥青混凝土路面压实性能影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩树峰

    2013-01-01

    The compaction quality of an asphalt concrete pavement has a pivotal role on the long-term performance of the pavement. Focusing on the main influencing factors such as the material composition of asphalt mixture, pavement structure, natural environment conditions, compaction machinery and so on, the impact mode and impact extent on the compaction performance of asphalt pavement are explored and discussed here in detail. The research results could provide some references for the design of asphalt pavement materials, structure and construction.%沥青混凝土路面的压实质量对路面的长期性能具有举足轻重的作用.重点从沥青混合料的组成材料因素、路面结构、自然环境条件、压实机械设备等方面探讨其对沥青路面压实性能的影响方式和影响程度.研究成果可为沥青路面材料和结构设计及施工等方面提供一定的参考价值.

  6. Structural Design and Mechanical Analysis of Full-Depth High Modulus Asphalt Concrete Pavement%全厚式高模量沥青混凝土路面结构设计及力学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李涛; 刘宁; 张涛

    2013-01-01

    The pavement special program PADS is used to calculate the three kinds of asphalt concrete pavement structure thickness which are full-depth high modulus, full-depth ordinary and semi-rigid base asphalt concrete pavement, respectively. The 3-D element model of asphalt concrete pavement structure is built based on the elastic mechanics to evaluate the design bottom stress state under loads. The rutting of the three kinds of pavement is determined by using asphalt concrete pavement permanent deformation prediction method in MEPDG of the United States. Also, their fatigue life is calculated. The results show that the full-depth high modulus asphalt concrete pavement structure is able to effectively decrease the thickness of the pavement structure, at the same time exhibits the best overall performance in rutting resistance and fatigue properties.%利用路面专用程序PADS计算全厚式高模量、全厚式普通和半刚性基层3种沥青混凝土路面结构厚度;根据弹性层状理论体系,建立了上述3种沥青混凝土路面结构三维有限元模型,对路面结构在荷载作用下的设计层层底应力状态进行对比分析;应用美国MEPDG推荐的沥青混凝土路面永久变形预估方法对沥青混凝土路面结构进行车辙预估,并对其疲劳寿命进行了计算.结果表明,全厚式高模量沥青混凝土路面结构能够有效减薄路面结构厚度,是抗车辙性能及疲劳性能综合最优的路面结构类型.

  7. Dynamic Response Analysis with 3D Finite Element Method for Two Typical Kinds of Asphalt Concrete Pavements with Saturated Asphalt Layer%两种典型沥青混凝土路面结构沥青层饱水状态动力响应三维有限元分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任瑞波; 祁文洋; 徐强

    2011-01-01

    水和动态荷载耦合作用是沥青混凝土路面发生水损害的主要原因.首先基于多孔介质理论,假定路面结构中的沥青混凝土材料为完全饱水的多孔介质材料,对两种典型路面结构--半刚性沥青混凝土路面、具有柔性基层的半刚性沥青混凝土路面分别建立了三维有限元模型;而后对比分析了两种路面结构在动态荷载作用下的竖向应力、竖向应变、孔隙水压力的空间分布情况以及时程变化规律.结果表明:具有柔性基层的半剐性沥青混凝土路面结构具有较好的抗水损害性能,半刚性沥青混凝土路面结构则表现出较差的抗水损害性能.%The coupled moisture-loading action is the primary factor of initial failure for asphalt concrete pavement. At first, based on the porous media theory , assuming the asphalt concrete as saturated porous media material,two three-dimensional finite element models are established for two typical kinds of asphalt concrete pavements which included the semi-rigid base asphalt concrete pavement, the semi-rigid base asphalt concrete pavement with flexible base. Then the comparison and analysis of the spatial distribution and time change regulation for asphalt concrete pavement between the two kinds of structures are carried out which included vertical stress, vertical strain, and pore pressure. The result indicates that the semi-rigid asphalt concrete pavement stucture with flexible base shows the best performance of resisting the moisture damage, relatively the semi-rigid asphalt pavement structure gives the worse performance.

  8. Crack repair of asphalt concrete with induction energy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    García, A.; Schlangen, E.; Ven, M. van de; Vliet, D. van

    2011-01-01

    It is well known that the healing rates of asphalt courses increase with the temperature. A new method, induction heating, is used in this paper to increase the lifetime of asphalt concrete pavements. Mastic will be first made electrically conductive by the addition of conductive fibers. Then it wil

  9. Crack repair of asphalt concrete with induction energy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    García, A.; Schlangen, E.; Van de Ven, M.; Van Vliet, D.

    It is well known that the healing rates of asphalt courses increase with the temperature. A new method, induction heating, is used in this paper to increase the lifetime of asphalt concrete pavements. Mastic will be first made electrically conductive by the addition of conductive fibers. Then it wil

  10. 土工布在水泥混凝土路面加铺沥青层中的应用%Application of geotextile in cement concrete pavement paving asphalt layer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王强林

    2011-01-01

    Combining with the application of geotextile in the construction of Gui-Liu highway pavement paving asphalt layer, this paper detailedly elaborated the application of geotextile in cement concrete pavement paving asphalt concrete surface layer, emphatically introduced the materi- al properties and construction technology of geotextile, accumulated valuable experience for future similar projects construction.%结合土工布在桂柳高速公路路面加铺沥青层工程的应用,详细阐述了土工布在水泥混凝土路面加铺沥青混凝土面层中的应用,着重介绍了土工布的材料特性和施工工艺,为今后同类工程施工积累了宝贵经验。

  11. 长寿命沥青混凝土路面结构特点与设计分析%Structural characteristics and design analysis of perpetual asphalt concrete pavements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张耀将

    2016-01-01

    关于长寿面沥青混凝土路面应用与管理的研究应该形成一个完整的体系,只是对这个话题初步进行了分析了。要加强对沥青混凝土的研究,以路面使用时间短、路面损坏现象严重的问题。%There should be a complete system about the application and management research on perpetual asphalt concrete pavements.This paper preliminarily discusses the topic.It points out that we should strengthen the research of perpetual as-phalt concrete,to solve the problem of use shortly -time -using and badly -damaged pavement.

  12. Explore the Damage Problems and Effective Protection Measures of Highway Asphalt Concrete Pavement%探究高速公路沥青混凝土路面破损问题及有效防护措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何娅兰

    2014-01-01

    高速公路是我国重要的交通设施,对我国的经济发展具有极大影响。本文列举了高速公路沥青混凝土路面破损的几种类型,并对沥青路面破损的原因和防护措施进行了分析。%Highway is Chinese important traffic facilities, which has a great influence on the economic development of China. This paper enumerates several types of highway asphalt concrete pavement damage and carries on the analysis of the causes and protective measures of the asphalt pavement da-mage.

  13. The improvement of pavement performance using asphalt rubber hot mixes

    OpenAIRE

    Pais, Jorge C.; Pereira, Paulo A. A.

    2007-01-01

    The need of a better pavement performance has led researchers to develop new road materials, mainly for the asphalt layers, where the modification of the asphalt is the main example. This modification usually forces the use of polymers and fibers and, more recently, the use of crumb rubber from ground tires, where the modified asphalt is known as asphalt rubber. This asphalt rubber used in asphalt mixtures produces a superior performance if compared to the asphalt mixtures with...

  14. Full-Depth Asphalt Pavements for Parking Lots and Driveways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asphalt Inst., College Park, MD.

    The latest information for designing full-depth asphalt pavements for parking lots and driveways is covered in relationship to the continued increase in vehicle registration. It is based on The Asphalt Institute's Thickness Design Manual, Series No. 1 (MS-1), Seventh Edition, which covers all aspects of asphalt pavement thickness design in detail,…

  15. 南京铁心桥钢桥面热拌环氧混凝土铺装工艺研究%Hot-mixing Epoxy Asphalt Concrete Pavement Technology for Steel BridgeDeck Pavement of Tiexin Bridge in Nanjing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘军; 杨文

    2016-01-01

    Based on the steel bridge deck pavement engineering of Tiexin bridge in Nanjing city,the pavement technologies of hot mixing epoxy asphalt concrete using on steel deck were studied,inclu-ding the pavement structure design,mix design,pavement performance evaluation and construction technology.The difference of pavement construction between hot mixing and warm mixing epoxy as-phalt were also introduced in this paper.Research results show that hot mixing epoxy asphalt is suit-able for steel deck pavement due to its high stability,excellent high temperature performance and con-venient workability.%结合南京铁心桥钢桥面环氧铺装实体工程,对热拌环氧沥青混凝土铺装结构形式、热拌环氧沥青性能与混合料配合比设计、路用性能评价,以及施工工艺进行了系统研究,全面比较了热、温拌环氧沥青铺装施工工艺的区别。结果表明,热拌环氧沥青混凝土具有高强度、出色的高温稳定性,以及便捷的施工可操作性,非常适用于大跨钢桥铺装工程。

  16. On the Cold In-place Recycling of Asphalt Concrete Pavement%浅谈沥青混凝土路面现场冷再生技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方建明

    2009-01-01

    In the recovery work of Highway Tongeheng-Zhongyang that was damaged after heavy snow, the technique of cold in-place recycling of asphalt concrete pavement to make the new base was applied. Practice indicates that the quality of the new base meet all technical requirement. The article discusses this technique in terms of censtructinn preparation, construction process and test after coastruetinn.%文章介绍桐城至枞阳段雪灾后恢复项目养护工程中冷再生沥青混凝土基层施工,主要从沥青路面现场冷再生施工准备、施工程序、施工后检测的情况,讨论了沥青路面现场冷再生施工技术,实践证明,其冷再生沥青混凝土基层施工质量达到新建基层的各项技术标准.

  17. Full-Scale Accelerated Pavement Testing of Warm-Mix Asphalt (WMA) for Airfield Pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    ER D C/ G SL T R -1 4 -3 Full-Scale Accelerated Pavement Testing of Warm-Mix Asphalt (WMA) for Airfield Pavements G eo te ch n ic al...2014 Full-Scale Accelerated Pavement Testing of Warm-Mix Asphalt (WMA) for Airfield Pavements Mariely Mejías-Santiago, Jesse D. Doyle, and John F... asphalt (WMA) mixtures designed for airfield pavements. Three WMA mixtures were evaluated and compared to a control hot-mix asphalt (HMA) mixture. Data

  18. Research on Alkaline Filler Flame-Retarded Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Shuguang; ZHANG Houji; WANG Jiaolan

    2006-01-01

    Used as flame retardant of tunnel asphalt pavement, organic bromides produce a large amount of poisons and smoke in construction and flame retardation stage. The alkaline filler was found to replace mineral filler, and the flame-retarded asphalt mixtures were produced. Experimental results show that these asphalt mixtures are smoke restrained; the performances and construction technology of asphalt pavement are not influenced; also the alkaline filler is of low-price. So this kind of flame-retarded asphalt mixtures is suitable for tunnel pavement.

  19. Comparing Production and Placement of Warm-Mix Asphalt to Traditional Hot-Mix Asphalt for Constructing Airfield Pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    pressure cells ( EPC ), single depth deflectometers (SDD), and asphalt strain gauges (ASG) are indicated by symbols denoted on the figures. Further...gauges, I-buttons, ASGs, SDDs, and EPCs to measure the pavement response to simulated aircraft loading. The asphalt concrete strain gauges (Figure 55...gauge in backscatter mode. The type of roller used for each pass is indicated on each figure. The contractor determined how many roller passes to use

  20. Experimental study of the effect of the thermal conductivity of EAF slag aggregates used in asphaltic concrete of wearing courses on the durability of road pavements

    OpenAIRE

    Barra Bizinotto, Marilda; Aponte Hernández, Diego Fernando; Vázquez Ramonich, Enric; Méndez Candelario, Braulio Aquilino; Miró Recasens, José Rodrigo; Valls del Barrio, Susanna

    2017-01-01

    Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) steel slag is the basic material used to obtain good quality aggregates in different layers of road pavements. Many scientific papers have reported on the high frictional and abrasion resistance of this material. EAF slag aggregates are hard, dense, chemically stable and have good adhesion with bitumen, all characteristics related with its high alkaline character. These properties are important in hot mix asphalt for wearing courses where high wear is present and op...

  1. A STUDY OF FATIGUE LIFE OF ASPHALT CONCRETE BASED ON SHUNGITE MINERAL POWDER

    OpenAIRE

    D. I. Chernousov; Vl. P. Podolsky; E. V. Trufanov; B. A. Bondarev

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement. Shortage of mineral powder stimulates seeking of new materials and technologiesby which traditional ones can be replaced without deterioration of their operating properties. Thatis why a study of mineral powder from shungite and development of new technologies of arrangementof high quality and durable asphalt concrete pavement based on shungite is an actual problem.Results. Bearing capacity and service life of asphalt concrete pavement is most completely characterizedby mod...

  2. 沥青混凝土路面就地热再生施工工艺探讨%Discussion on Construction Process of Hot In -Place Recycling Technology of Asphalt Concrete Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐安花; 房建宏

    2015-01-01

    Hot in-place recycling technology of asphalt concrete pavement ,w hich has broad application prospects ,has significant economic and technical advantages in waste utilization ,resource saving ,ecological environmental protecting ,etc .In this paper ,in order to provide guidance to site construction of hot in -place recycling technology ,the essential points and attentions of the construction process of hot in -place recycling technology of asphalt concrete pavement are analyzed from its technological type ,heating method ,scarifying method ,adding mode of additive and construction process .%沥青混凝土路面就地热再生技术在废料利用、资源节约和生态环境保护等方面具有显著的技术和经济优势,具有广阔的应用前景。本文从沥青混凝土路面就地热再生主要工艺类型、加热方式、翻松方式、再生剂添加方式及施工过程等方面分析了沥青路面就地热再生技术施工工艺方面的要点及注意事项,以期为就地热再生技术的现场施工提供指导。

  3. The Development of Recycling Agent for Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    A type of recycling agent was developed and its use for modifying used asphalt is described.The results show that the viscosity and three main properties of the aged asphalt were remarkably improved.With 5%-7% content of recycling agent, the main properties of recycled asphalt comported with China GB asphalt standard AH-70 and the recycled asphalt concrete could be used as high-grade highway.Furthermore,the recycling mechanism of the aged asphalt is discussed.

  4. Effects of reclaimed asphalt pavement on indirect tensile strength test of conditioned foamed asphalt mix

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yati Katman, Herda; Rasdan Ibrahim, Mohd; Yazip Matori, Mohd; Norhisham, Shuhairy; Ismail, Norlela

    2013-06-01

    This paper presents the results of Indirect Tensile Strength (ITS) Test for samples prepared with reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP). Samples were conditioned in water at 25°C for 24 hours prior to testing. Results show that recycled aggregate from reclaimed asphalt pavement performs as well as virgin aggregate.

  5. Analysis on durability of asphalt pavement%沥青路面耐久性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    车守忠

    2011-01-01

    简要介绍了我国沥青混凝土路面使用现状,针对沥青路面的损坏问题进行了分析,分别阐述了影响沥青路面耐久性的内部因素和外部因素,从原材料、配合比、防水设计等方面入手提出了耐久性改善措施,以期指导实践。%This paper briefly introduced the current situation of asphalt concrete pavements in our country,according to the damage problems of asphalt pavement made analysis,elaborated separately the internal factors and external factors which affect the durability of asphalt pavement,put forward durability improvement measures from raw materials,mixing ratio,waterproof design and other aspects,in order to guide practice.

  6. Research on fracture performance of epoxy asphalt concrete based on double-K fracture criterion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, M.; Qian, Z. D.; Xue, Y. C.

    2017-01-01

    After cracks appear on steel bridge deck epoxy asphalt concrete pavement, cracks propagate fast under vehicle load. This paper studied the fracture performance of epoxy asphalt concrete, utilized single edge notched beam (SEB) three-point bending test, measured the load (P) exerted on epoxy asphalt SEB; utilized digital camera to record the fracture process of epoxy asphalt SEB, extracted the images according to the required sampling frequency and utilized Image-Pro Plus to measure the crack mouth opening displacement (CMOD) of epoxy asphalt SEB on the extracted images; calculated the double-K fracture parameters according to the P-CMOD curve. Results indicate that of epoxy asphalt concrete is 1.11 MPa and of epoxy asphalt concrete is 2.31 MPa at -15°C of epoxy asphalt concrete is 1.02 MPa and of epoxy asphalt concrete is 1.83 MPa at -5°C of epoxy asphalt concrete is 0.77 MPa and of epoxy asphalt concrete is 1.82 MPa at 5°C. The double-K fracture parameters of epoxy asphalt concrete increase slightly when the temperature decreases at the scope of -15°C to 5°C. The relation of and is .

  7. An Optimization Model for Design of Asphalt Pavements Based on IHAP Code Number 234

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Reza Ghanizadeh

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Pavement construction is one of the most costly parts of transportation infrastructures. Incommensurate design and construction of pavements, in addition to the loss of the initial investment, would impose indirect costs to the road users and reduce road safety. This paper aims to propose an optimization model to determine the optimal configuration as well as the optimum thickness of different pavement layers based on the Iran Highway Asphalt Paving Code Number 234 (IHAP Code 234. After developing the optimization model, the optimum thickness of pavement layers for secondary rural roads, major rural roads, and freeways was determined based on the recommended prices in “Basic Price List for Road, Runway and Railway” of Iran in 2015 and several charts were developed to determine the optimum thickness of pavement layers including asphalt concrete, granular base, and granular subbase with respect to road classification, design traffic, and resilient modulus of subgrade. Design charts confirm that in the current situation (material prices in 2015, application of asphalt treated layer in pavement structure is not cost effective. Also it was shown that, with increasing the strength of subgrade soil, the subbase layer may be removed from the optimum structure of pavement.

  8. 关于沥青混凝土道面公路飞机跑道结构设计方法的分析与研究%Analysis and Research on Structure Design Method of Asphalt Concrete Pavement Airfield Runway on Highway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曲旭光; 王建宇

    2014-01-01

    This paper put forward a structural design method of asphalt concrete airport pavement about the airfield runway on highway,by study the structural design method of asphalt concrete pavement about the airfield runway,including structure design theories foundation,design indexes,control standard, mechanical response of the pavement and the design steps and flow-chart etc.%从公路飞机跑道沥青混凝土道面结构设计的理论基础、设计指标、控制标准、道面结构力学响应分析、设计流程及步骤等方面进行分析研究,提出了公路飞机跑道沥青混凝土道面结构设计方法。

  9. Determining the healing potential of asphalt concrete mixtures--a pragmatic approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erkens, S.; Vliet, D. van; Dommelen, A. van; Leegwater, G.A.

    2012-01-01

    Most design methods for pavements use a factor explaining the difference between pavement life predictions from design models and performance in the road [1]. Part of this correction factor is healing, the natural capacity of asphalt concrete to recover in rest periods, which generally are not prese

  10. The Construction Technology and Quality Control of Hot Mix Asphalt Concrete Pavement%热拌沥青混凝土路面施工工艺及质量控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢宪法

    2014-01-01

    热拌沥青混凝土作为公路路面施工的重要组成部分,其选材、施工工艺、质量控制等流程对公路的建成性能都具有决定性的影响。笔者结合近年来的学习工作经验,主要从材料、沥青混凝土的配比、施工工艺、质量控制几个方面作简要阐述。%Hot mix asphalt concrete as an important part of highway pavement construction, the material selection, constr-uction technology and quality control hasa decisive influence on the process of highway completed performance. The author combines with work experience in recent years to elaborate from several aspects of material, the ratio of asphalt concrete, construction technology, and quality control, etc.

  11. Mechanical Properties of Asphalt Pavement Structure in Highway Tunnel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHI Chun-xiang; GUO Zhong-yin

    2008-01-01

    A linear full 3D finite element method (FEM) was performed in order to present the key design parameters of highway tunnel asphalt pavement under double-wheel load on rectangular loaded area considering horizontal contact stress induced by the acceleration/deceleration of vehicles. The key design parameters are the maximum horizontal tensile stresses at the surface of the asphalt layer, the maximum horizontal tensile stresses at the bottom of the asphalt layer and the maximum vertical shear stresses at the surface of the as- phalt layer were calculated. The influencing factors such as double-wheel weight; asphalt layer thickness; base course stiffness modulus and thickness; and the contact conditions among the structure layers on these key design parameters were also examined separately to propose construction procedures of highway tunnel asphalt pavement.

  12. Stormwater quality of spring-summer-fall effluent from three partial-infiltration permeable pavement systems and conventional asphalt pavement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drake, Jennifer; Bradford, Andrea; Van Seters, Tim

    2014-06-15

    This study examined the spring, summer and fall water quality performance of three partial-infiltration permeable pavement (PP) systems and a conventional asphalt pavement in Ontario. The study, conducted between 2010 and 2012, compared the water quality of effluent from two Interlocking Permeable Concrete Pavements (AquaPave(®) and Eco-Optiloc(®)) and a Hydromedia(®) Pervious Concrete pavement with runoff from an Asphalt control pavement. The usage of permeable pavements can mitigate the impact of urbanization on receiving surface water systems through quantity control and stormwater treatment. The PP systems provided excellent stormwater treatment for petroleum hydrocarbons, total suspended solids, metals (copper, iron, manganese and zinc) and nutrients (total-nitrogen and total-phosphorus) by reducing event mean concentrations (EMC) as well as total pollutant loadings. The PPs significantly reduced the concentration and loading of ammonia (NH4(+)+NH3), nitrite (NO2(-)) and organic-nitrogen (Org-N) but increased the concentration and loading of nitrate (NO3(-)). The PP systems had mixed performances for the treatment of phosphate (PO4(3-)). The PP systems increased the concentration of sodium (Na) and chloride (Cl) but EMCs remained well below recommended levels for drinking water quality. Relative to the observed runoff, winter road salt was released more slowly from the PP systems resulting in elevated spring and early-summer Cl and Na concentrations in effluent. PP materials were found to introduce dissolved solids into the infiltrating stormwater. The release of these pollutants was verified by additional laboratory scale testing of the individual pavement and aggregate materials at the University of Guelph. Pollutant concentrations were greatest during the first few months after construction and declined rapidly over the course of the study.

  13. Detection of asphalt pavement cracks using remote sensing techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mettas, Christodoulos; Agapiou, Athos; Themistocleous, Kyriacos; Neocleous, Kyriacos; Hadjimitsis, Diofantos G.

    2016-10-01

    Deterioration of asphalt road pavements is inevitable throughout its life cycle. There are several types of deterioration that take place on these surfaces, like surface defects and deformations. One of the most common asphalt defects is cracking. Fatigue, transverse, longitudinal, reflective, edge, block and slippage are types of cracking that can be observed anywhere in the world. Monitoring and preventative/periodic maintenance of these types of wears are two very important actions that have to take place to avoid "costly" solutions. This paper aims to introduce the spectral characteristics of uncracked (healthy) and cracked asphalt surfaces which can give a new asphalt crack index. This is performed through remote sensing applications in the area of asphalt pavements. Multispectral images can be elaborated using the index to enhance crack marks on asphalt surfaces. Ground spectral signatures were acquired from both uncracked and cracked asphalted areas of Cyprus (Limassol). Evaluation separability indices can be used to identify the optimum wavelength regions that can distinguish better the uncracked and cracked asphalt surfaces. The results revealed that the spectral sensitivity for the enhancement of cracked asphalt was detected using the Euclidean, Mahalanobis and Cosine Distance Indices in the Vis range (approximately at 450 nm) and in the SWIR 1 range (approximately at 1750 nm).

  14. Evaluation of Fatigue Resistance for Modified Asphalt Concrete Mixtures Based on Dissipated Energy Concept

    OpenAIRE

    Khodary Moalla Hamed, Farag

    2010-01-01

    The performance of asphalt concrete pavement depends on the bitumen properties, asphalt concrete mixtures volumetric properties and external factors such as traffic volume and environment. Bitumen is a visco-elastic material where temperature and rate of load application have a great influence on its behavior. Conventional bitumen is exposed to a wide range of loading and weather conditions; it is soft in a hot environment and brittle in cold weather. Higher traffic volume produces high stres...

  15. A multiscale model for predicting the viscoelastic properties of asphalt concrete

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia Cucalon, Lorena; Rahmani, Eisa; Little, Dallas N.; Allen, David H.

    2016-08-01

    It is well known that the accurate prediction of long term performance of asphalt concrete pavement requires modeling to account for viscoelasticity within the mastic. However, accounting for viscoelasticity can be costly when the material properties are measured at the scale of asphalt concrete. This is due to the fact that the material testing protocols must be performed recursively for each mixture considered for use in the final design.

  16. An Approach for Nonlinear Fatigue Damage Evaluation in Asphalt Pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajbongshi, Pabitra; Thongram, Sonika

    2016-09-01

    Fatigue due to vehicular loads is one of the primary distress mechanisms in asphalt pavements. It happens primarily due to deterioration in asphalt material with load repetitions. Degradation of asphalt material may be evaluated using different parameters. In view of degradation, the incremental damage in a given pavement section would be different for different repetitions, even with same loadings. Therefore, the damage progression becomes nonlinear with repetitions. Accounting such nonlinearity in damage accumulation, and based on different damage evaluation parameters, this paper presents an equivalent approach for fatigue damage evaluation in asphalt pavements. Traditional fatigue equation adopted in mechanistic-empirical pavement design has been used in the present work. Four different criteria, namely number of load repetitions, asphalt stiffness reduction, strain enhancement and fatigue life reduction with repetitions are considered for damage estimation. The proposed approach could estimate same value of nonlinear damage, irrespective of the criteria used. The simplest form of criterion i.e. the number of load repetitions can be used for fatigue performance evaluation. Probabilistically, the damage propagation is also correlated and assessed with the failure probability.

  17. Rendering the loss of strength in dry concretes with addition of milled asphalt through microscopic analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Sachet

    Full Text Available Milled asphalt removed from old pavement carpets requires tenable handling easily reachable through its incorporation within other paving materials. This work deals with the effects of such incorporation to dry compacted concretes. Fine, intermediate, coarse and whole portions of milled asphalts were blended to a reference concrete. Mechanical tests disclosed remarkable losses on its strengths and modulus of elasticity; for the stereoscope and scanning microscopy pointed out impaired transition zones between the cement paste and the milled aggregates involved by thin asphalt films. Nevertheless, the mechanical results shown that the concretes with incorporated milled asphalt aggregates are suitable for use in pavement layers as bases and sub-bases even with reduced mechanical parameters.

  18. Survival Analysis of Fatigue and Rutting Failures in Asphalt Pavements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pabitra Rajbongshi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Fatigue and rutting are two primary failure mechanisms in asphalt pavements. The evaluations of fatigue and rutting performances are significantly uncertain due to large uncertainties involved with the traffic and pavement life parameters. Therefore, deterministically it is inadequate to predict when an in-service pavement would fail. Thus, the deterministic failure time which is known as design life (yr of pavement becomes random in nature. Reliability analysis of such time (t dependent random variable is the survival analysis of the structure. This paper presents the survival analysis of fatigue and rutting failures in asphalt pavement structures. It is observed that the survival of pavements with time can be obtained using the bathtub concept that contains a constant failure rate period and an increasing failure rate period. The survival function (S(t, probability density function (pdf, and probability distribution function (PDF of failure time parameter are derived using bathtub analysis. It is seen that the distribution of failure time follows three parametric Weibull distributions. This paper also works out to find the most reliable life (YrR of pavement sections corresponding to any reliability level of survivability.

  19. Application of Energy Efficient Warm Mix Asphalt Concrete in Pavement Construction in Extremely Cold Areas%低能耗温拌沥青混凝土施工技术在高寒地区路面工程中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐忠平; 宋远慧

    2011-01-01

    温拌温铺沥青混凝土初次在青藏高原公路施工技术上的尝试和应用,克服了低温作业的影响,有效降低有害气体和粉尘颗粒排放,同时又保证了与热拌沥青混凝土基本相同的路用性能和施工和易性,为工程顺利实施赢得时间效益。%The first application of warm mix asphalt concrete in highway construction in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau overcame the impact of low temperature,reduced harmful gas and dust particles effectively and at the same time ensured the same pavement performance and construction workability with that of hot mix asphalt,which gained time efficiency for successful implementation of pavement engineering.

  20. Laboratory Measurements of Particulate Matter Concentrations from Asphalt Pavement Abrasion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fullová, Daša; Đurčanská, Daniela

    2016-12-01

    The issue of emissions from road traffic is compounded by the fact that the number of vehicles and driven kilometres increase each year. Road traffic is one of the main sources of particulate matter and traffic volume is still increasing and has unpleasant impact on longevity of the pavements and the environment. Vehicle motions cause mechanical wearing of the asphalt pavement surface - wearing course by vehicle tyres. The contribution deals with abrasion of bituminous wearing courses of pavements. The asphalt mixtures of wearing courses are compared in terms of mechanically separated particulate matter. The samples of asphalt mixtures were rutted in wheel tracking machine. The particulate matter measurements were performed in laboratory conditions. The experimental laboratory measurements make it possible to sample particulates without contamination from exhaust emissions, abraded particles from vehicles, resuspension of road dust and climate affects. The contribution offers partial results of measurements on six trial samples of asphalt mixtures with different composition. It presents particulate matter morphology and the comparison of rutted asphalt samples in terms of PM mass concentrations and chemical composition.

  1. Laboratory Measurements of Particulate Matter Concentrations from Asphalt Pavement Abrasion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fullová Daša

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The issue of emissions from road traffic is compounded by the fact that the number of vehicles and driven kilometres increase each year. Road traffic is one of the main sources of particulate matter and traffic volume is still increasing and has unpleasant impact on longevity of the pavements and the environment. Vehicle motions cause mechanical wearing of the asphalt pavement surface - wearing course by vehicle tyres. The contribution deals with abrasion of bituminous wearing courses of pavements. The asphalt mixtures of wearing courses are compared in terms of mechanically separated particulate matter. The samples of asphalt mixtures were rutted in wheel tracking machine. The particulate matter measurements were performed in laboratory conditions. The experimental laboratory measurements make it possible to sample particulates without contamination from exhaust emissions, abraded particles from vehicles, resuspension of road dust and climate affects. The contribution offers partial results of measurements on six trial samples of asphalt mixtures with different composition. It presents particulate matter morphology and the comparison of rutted asphalt samples in terms of PM mass concentrations and chemical composition.

  2. Evaluation of Asphalt Concrete Pavement Based on Passenger Ride Comfort Level%基于驾乘舒适性的沥青混凝土路面评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王锋; 张金喜

    2014-01-01

    In order to provide a theoretical basis for the ride comfort level evaluation, daily management,and maintenance of asphalt concrete pavement,the performance parameters and three-directional acceleration data of highway pavements were measured indoors and outdoors. Using these data,the relationship between the mean square of weighted acceleration and the pavement performance was studied. A linear regression equation that reflects the relationship between the root mean square of weighed acceleration,speed,and roughness was obtained by fitting 214 groups of experimental data. In addition,the outdoor experimental results were verified using a driving simulator. The results show that the root mean square of weighed acceleration is strongly correlated with roughness,moderately correlated with the speed,and weakly correlated with the dynamic friction coefficient. Given a certain dynamic friction coefficient,the ride comfort level of an asphalt concrete pavement reduces with its roughness and driving speed increasing. When the roughness is 1. 35 and 3. 05 mm/m,the maximum speed with an appropriate ride comfort level is 124. 1 and 88. 7 km/h,respectively.%为给沥青混凝土路面舒适性评价及日常管理养护提供理论依据,在测得室内外大量道路路面性能参数及三向加速度数据的基础上,研究了加权加速度均方根值与道路路面性能参数之间的关系.运用214组有效室外实验数据,拟合了加权加速度均方根、行驶速度与平整度关系的线性回归方程,并用驾驶模拟舱对室外实验结论进行了验证.结果表明:加权加速度均方根与平整度强相关,与速度中等程度相关,与动态摩擦系数弱相关,在动态摩擦系数一定的条件下,驾乘舒适性随平整度及行驶速度的增加而降低;当平整度为1.35和3.05 mm/m时,满足驾乘舒适性的最大速度分别为124.1和88.7 km/h.

  3. Size-dependent enrichment of waste slag aggregate fragments abraded from asphalt concrete.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Fumitake; Shimaoka, Takayuki; Gardner, Kevin; Kida, Akiko

    2011-10-30

    Authors consider the environmental prospects of using melted waste slag as the aggregate for asphalt pavement. In particular, the enrichment of slag-derived fragments in fine abrasion dust particles originated from slag asphalt concrete and its size dependency were concerned. A series of surface abrasion tests for asphalt concrete specimens, containing only natural aggregates as reference or 30 wt% of substituted slag aggregates, were performed. Although two of three slag-asphalt concretes generated 1.5-3.0 times larger amount of abrasion dust than the reference asphalt concrete did, it could not be explained only by abrasion resistance of slag. The enrichment of slag-derived fragments in abrasion dust, estimated on the basis of the peak intensity of quartz and heavy metal concentrations, had size dependency for all slag-asphalt concretes. Slag-derived fragments were enriched in abrasion dust particles with diameters of 150-1000 μm. Enrichment factors were 1.4-2.1. In contrast, there was no enrichment in abrasion dust particles with diameter less than 75 μm. This suggests that prior airborne-size fragmentation of substituted slag aggregates does not need to be considered for tested slag aggregates when environmental risks of abrasion dust of slag-asphalt pavement are assessed.

  4. EVALUATION OF TIRE RUBBER DISPOSAL IN CONCRETE FOR PAVEMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Cristina Cecche Lintz

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The production of waste by the tire industry has been a growing problem, indicating the need for its reuse. More than thirty million tires are discharged per year in Brazil, where regulation for the environment states that for each four new tires, five unusable ones must be adequately disposed by manufacturers and importers. Paving consumes an extremely large quantity of materials, which can be the source of rational application of waste and rejected materials. Research shows that tire rubber can be added to asphalt, which increases its durability and improves pavement quality and safety conditions by absorbing the rubber elastic properties, and also be used for architectural applications, among others. This study deals with the addition of rubber fibers from tire crushing in concrete for roadway pavements in order to provide proper indication about the alternative material disposal through an evaluation of the mechanical behavior of the modified concrete. Different concrete mixes were produced, within which, part of fine aggregates were substituted by tire rubber and mechanical experiment tests were performed, which show that, due to great resistance losses, the disposal of this alternative material in concrete should be considered for light traffic pavements, with the addition of rubber ranging up to 10% in mass.

  5. EVALUATION OF TIRE RUBBER DISPOSAL IN CONCRETE FOR PAVEMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Cristina Cecche Lintz

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The production of waste by the tire industry has been a growing problem, indicating the need for its reuse. More than thirty million tires are discharged per year in Brazil, where regulation for the environment states that for each four new tires, five unusable ones must be adequately disposed by manufacturers and importers. Paving consumes an extremely large quantity of materials, which can be the source of rational application of waste and rejected materials. Research shows that tire rubber can be added to asphalt, which increases its durability and improves pavement quality and safety conditions by absorbing the rubber elastic properties, and also be used for architectural applications, among others. This study deals with the addition of rubber fibers from tire crushing in concrete for roadway pavements in order to provide proper indication about the alternative material disposal through an evaluation of the mechanical behavior of the modified concrete. Different concrete mixes were produced, within which, part of fine aggregates were substituted by tire rubber and mechanical experiment tests were performed, which show that, due to great resistance losses, the disposal of this alternative material in concrete should be considered for light traffic pavements, with the addition of rubber ranging up to 10% in mass.

  6. Utilization of Recycled Asphalt Concrete with Warm Mix Asphalt and Cost-Benefit Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Julide Oner; Burak Sengoz

    2015-01-01

    The asphalt paving industries are faced with two major problems. These two important challenges are generated with an increase in demand for environmentally friendly paving mixtures and the problem of rapidly rising raw materials. Recycling of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) is a critical necessity to save precious aggregates and reduce the use of costly bitumen. Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA) technology provides not only the option of recycling asphalt pavement at a lower temperature than the tempe...

  7. Numerical Analysis of Asphalt Pavements under Moving Wheel Loads

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The responses of the pavement in service are the basis for the design of the semi-rigid base course asphalt pavement.Due to the dynamic characteristics of wheel loads and the temperature loads,the dynamic response analysis is very significant.In this article, the dynamic analysis of asphalt pavement under moving wheel loads is carried out using finite element method coupled with non-reflective boundary method.The influences of the base modulus, thickness, the vehicle velocity, the tire pressure, and the contact condition at the interface are studied using parametric analysis.The results of numerical analysis show that it is not appropriate to simply increase the base modulus or thickness in the design.It would be beneficial if the base design is optimized synthetically.The increase of damping is also beneficial to the pavements because of the surface deflection and the stresses declination.Furthermore, the good contact condition at the interface results in good performance because it combines every layer of the pavement to work together.As overload aggravates the working condition of the pavement, it is not allowed.

  8. Fatigue behavior of asphalt mixtures colombian with addition recycled pavement asphalt to 100 %

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neidy Betssey Patiño Boyacá

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted in order to establish the fatigue behavior of asphalt mixtures with gradations MD20 Instituto de Desarrollo Urbano (IDU and MDC 2 of The Instituto Nacional de Vías (INVIAS, with addition of recycled granular flexible pavement (RAP with asphalt of penetration 60/70 and 80/100. The first step was to characterize the asphalt and RAP as well as calculate the optimum percentage of asphalt to be added to 100 % RAP mixtures. Then samples were fabricated with different trapezoidal gradations and asphalt, to be tested finally fatigue at different deformations. Among the results found, it was determined that the tested mixtures have a high stiffness; although, it varies depending on the asphalt mix used and that the best fatigue life with respect to those studied is the MDC-2 with bitumen 80/100.

  9. Load Response Analysis of Asphalt Pavement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao Zhijun

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on the filed data of Fuzhou test road, load response regulation of nonlinear pavement structure was analyzed in this paper; Mechanics software was adopted to analyze linear elastic and nonlinear of the pavement structure, analyzed results and road filed data were compared, and determine the correlation between them and the field data.

  10. Representative volume element of asphalt pavement for electromagnetic measurements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terhi Pellinen

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The motivation for this study was to investigate the representative volume element (RVE needed to correlate the nondestructive electromagnetic (EM measurements with the conventional destructive asphalt pavement quality control measurements. A large pavement rehabilitation contract was used as the test site for the experiment. Pavement cores were drilled from the same locations where the stationary and continuous Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR measurements were obtained. Laboratory measurements included testing the bulk density of cores using two methods, the surface-saturated dry method and determining bulk density by dimensions. Also, Vector Network Analyzer (VNA and the through specimen transmission configuration were employed at microwave frequencies to measure the reference dielectric constant of cores using two different footprint areas and therefore volume elements. The RVE for EM measurements turns out to be frequency dependent; therefore in addition to being dependent on asphalt mixture type and method of obtaining bulk density, it is dependent on the resolution of the EM method used. Then, although the average bulk property results agreed with theoretical formulations of higher core air void content giving a lower dielectric constant, for the individual cores there was no correlation for the VNA measurements because the volume element seizes deviated. Similarly, GPR technique was unable to capture the spatial variation of pavement air voids measured from the 150-mm drill cores. More research is needed to determine the usable RVE for asphalt.

  11. Decision of National and Provincial Highway Asphalt Pavement Structure Based on Value Engineering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yingwei Ren

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available It is important that decision of asphalt pavement structure requires overall considerations of the performance and financial investment. To have asphalt pavement structure fulfilling good reliability, the asphalt pavement structure decision was researched based on value engineering theory. According to the national and provincial highway investigation data in Shandong Province during the last decade, the asphalt pavement performance attenuation rules of traffic levels and asphalt layer thicknesses were developed, and then the road performance evaluation method was presented. In addition, the initial investments, the costs of road maintenance, and middle-scale repair in a period were analyzed. For the light traffic and medium traffic example, using the value engineering method, the pavement performance and costs of which thickness varies from 6 cm to 10 cm were calculated and compared. It was concluded that value engineering was an effective method in deciding the asphalt pavement structure.

  12. The shakeout scenario: Meeting the needs for construction aggregates, asphalt, and concrete

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langer, W.H.

    2011-01-01

    An Mw 7.8 earthquake as described in the ShakeOut Scenario would cause significantdamage to buildings and infrastructure. Over 6 million tons of newly mined aggregate would be used for emergency repairs and for reconstruction in the five years following the event. This aggregate would be applied mostly in the form of concrete for buildings and bridges, asphalt or concrete for pavement, and unbound gravel for applications such as base course that goes under highway pavement and backfilling for foundations and pipelines. There are over 450 aggregate, concrete, and asphalt plants in the affected area, some of which would be heavily damaged. Meeting the increased demand for construction materials would require readily available permitted reserves, functioning production facilities, a supply of cement and asphalt, a source of water, gas, and electricity, and a trained workforce. Prudent advance preparations would facilitate a timely emergency response and reconstruction following such an earthquake. ?? 2011, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute.

  13. Rutting Prediction in Asphalt Pavement Based on Viscoelastic Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nahi Mohammed Hadi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Rutting is one of the most disturbing failures on the asphalt roads due to the interrupting it is caused to the drivers. Predicting of asphalt pavement rutting is essential tool leads to better asphalt mixture design. This work describes a method of predicting the behaviour of various asphalt pavement mixes and linking these to an accelerated performance testing. The objective of this study is to develop a finite element model based on viscoplastic theory for simulating the laboratory testing of asphalt mixes in Hamburg Wheel Rut Tester (HWRT for rutting. The creep parameters C1, C2 and C3 are developed from the triaxial repeated load creep test at 50°C and at a frequency of 1 Hz and the modulus of elasticity and Poisson’ s ratio determined at the same temperature. Viscoelastic model (creep model is adopted using a FE simulator (ANSYS in order to calculate the rutting for various mixes under a uniform loading pressure of 500 kPa. An eight-node with a three Degrees of Freedom (UX, UY, and UZ Element is used for the simulation. The creep model developed for HWRT tester was verified by comparing the predicted rut depths with the measured one and by comparing the rut depth with ABAQUS result from literature. Reasonable agreement can be obtained between the predicted rut depths and the measured one. Moreover, it is found that creep model parameter C1 and C3 have a strong relationship with rutting. It was clear that the parameter C1 strongly influences rutting than the parameter C3. Finally, it can be concluded that creep model based on finite element method can be used as an effective tool to analyse rutting of asphalt pavements.

  14. Damage development in the adhesive zone and mortar of porous asphalt concrete

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mo, L.T.

    2010-01-01

    This research is focused on damage development in the adhesive zone and the mortar of porous asphalt concrete. The motive of this research is the loss of stone from the pavement surface, the so-called ravelling of noise reducing surface wearing courses. Ravelling is the dominant defect of porous asp

  15. Effects of reclaimed asphalt pavement on indirect tensile strength test of foamed asphalt mix tested in dry condition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yati Katman, Herda; Rasdan Ibrahim, Mohd; Yazip Matori, Mohd; Norhisham, Shuhairy; Ismail, Norlela

    2013-06-01

    Indirect tensile strength (ITS) test was conducted to analyse strength of the foamed asphalt mixes incorporating reclaimed asphalt pavement. Samples were tested for ITS after cured in the oven at 40°C for 72 hours. This testing condition known as dry condition or unconditioned. Laboratory results show that reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) contents insignificantly affect the ITS results. ITS results significantly affected by foamed bitumen contents.

  16. Strain transfer analysis of optical fiber based sensors embedded in an asphalt pavement structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Huaping; Xiang, Ping

    2016-07-01

    Asphalt pavement is vulnerable to random damage, such as cracking and rutting, which can be proactively identified by distributed optical fiber sensing technology. However, due to the material nature of optical fibers, a bare fiber is apt to be damaged during the construction process of pavements. Thus, a protective layer is needed for this application. Unfortunately, part of the strain of the host material is absorbed by the protective layer when transferring the strain to the sensing fiber. To account for the strain transfer error, in this paper a theoretical analysis of the strain transfer of a three-layered general model has been carried out by introducing Goodman’s hypothesis to describe the interfacial shear stress relationship. The model considers the viscoelastic behavior of the host material and protective layer. The effects of one crack in the host material and the sensing length on strain transfer relationship are been discussed. To validate the effectiveness of the strain transfer analysis, a flexible asphalt-mastic packaged distributed optical fiber sensor was designed and tested in a laboratory environment to monitor the distributed strain and appearance of cracks in an asphalt concrete beam at two different temperatures. The experimental results indicated that the developed strain transfer formula can significantly reduce the strain transfer error, and that the asphalt-mastic packaged optical fiber sensor can successfully monitor the distributed strain and identify local cracks.

  17. The effect of aggregate density on pavement performance of SMA-13 asphalt mixture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiao Yinping

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper chooses the top layer SMA-13 asphalt mixture material as the research object. Basalt was selected as pavement material, and modified SBS asphalt was used as a cementing material. Two basalt aggregates with different densities were used to carry out standard Marshall test in the laboratory.Aimed at the volume parameters of the asphalt mixture carry on anaiysis,and obtian the effect of aggregate density on pavement performance of SMA-13 asphalt mixture, which is that the density of aggregate has a significant effect on the void ratio, saturation, and the gap rate of the aggregate, thus affecting the pavement performance of the asphalt mixture

  18. 论沥青路面早期损坏的预防措施%Discussion on prevention measures of early damages of asphalt pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪香莲

    2011-01-01

    Combining with the present asphalt concrete pavement construction and caused pavement early damages,this paper analysed the reasons and preventive measures of pavement early damages from pavement structure layer,mixing ratio design,raw materials,construction control and other aspects,in order to reduce the early damage of asphalt pavement,prolong the service life of pavement.%结合当前沥青混凝土路面施工及产生的路面早期破坏,从路面结构层、配合比设计、原材料、施工控制等方面分析了路面早期破坏的原因及预防措施,以减少沥青路面早期损坏,延长路面使用寿命。

  19. Grout Impregnation of Pre-Placed Recycled Concrete Pavement (RCP) for Rapid Repair of Deteriorated Portland Cement Concrete Airfield Pavement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-04-01

    Hammitt (1985) also reports a high failure rate when using cold mix asphalt for crater repairs and recommended that it be abandoned as a technique...cement-treated base, embankment base material, and aggregate for asphalt paving mixtures . RCP has been used successfully for all of these types of...that recycled asphalt pavement ( RAP ) and RCP have a substantial history of usage in pavement construction. He reports that cost savings of 20 to

  20. Structural Design of Asphalt Pavement for Low Cost Rural Roads

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuan Goulin; Chen Rongshen

    2006-01-01

    On the basis of the equivalent axle load action frequency, the traffic classifications of rural roads as well as their corresponding types are classified. The asphalt pavement structure, road surface types and thickness of the rural roads are suggested for the various action frequency of the equivalent axle load. Furthermore, the roadbase thickness graphs are provided according to different equivalent axle load action frequency with different roadbed modulus and road surface modulus taken into account.

  1. The Research on the Cracks of the Asphalt Pavement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OuYangZiqiang

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The cracking is one of the common diseases of the asphalt pavement. According to the shape and the forming reasons, the cracks can be divided into two categories. Each categories can be divided into several types. Through the comparison and the analysis of the causes of different cracks, the prevention and the treatments are proposed in the respects of the structural design, material design and construction

  2. Recent rubber crumb asphalt pavement projects in Alberta

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soleyman, H.R. [Alberta Univ., Edmonton, AB (Canada). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Pulles, B.C.M.; Treleaven, L.B. [EBA Engineering Consultants Ltd., Edmonton, AB (Canada)

    2003-07-01

    Several countries around the world have been using rubber crumb (RC) for pavement applications for more than 20 years. The performance of asphalt pavements is enhanced by the use of recycled tires, which has the added advantage of solving the problem of tire disposal. In 2002, the Tire Recycling Management Association of Alberta (TRMA) and Alberta Transportation (AT) evaluated the feasibility and performance of an overlay using asphalt rubber (AR) pavement in Alberta. A partnership in the project was formed by AT, the City of Calgary, the City of Edmonton, and Strathcona County, where each one paved one section of a road with AR in conjunction with a section using conventional or other asphalt mixture types. The roads selected were: (1) 112 Avenue North West in Calgary, (2) 17 Street and Baseline Road in Strathcona County, (3) 137 Avenue in Edmonton, and (4) highway 630 in the vicinity of North Cooking Lake (Alberta Transportation). Two different AR pavement thicknesses were used to study the effects of overlay thicknesses on the performance of the overlay. The structural and functional factors were monitored before, during and after the construction of all sections. The preliminary evaluation of the application of AR in Alberta was presented, along with a summary of test results and performances of AR pavement sections. A full freeze-thaw cycle is required (Spring 2003) before the results of the analysis of the testing are known. The reduced thickness AR sections performed in a similar manner to those with full thickness AC sections. 10 refs., 5 tabs., 3 figs.

  3. Bearing capacity evaluation of rubblized concrete pavements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González, M.

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the findings of a research work performed on a real scale concrete pavement project where Rubblizing technology was used for its structural rehabilitation. Rubblizing may be defined as a fracture technique in which a concrete pavement slab is transformed in a granular base with a very high Modulus. This technique, fractures the concrete slab in angular pieces by using a concentrated dynamic load of low amplitude and high frequency. The research work was based on field study on the rehabilitation of 5 km motorway. The structural evaluations where made, before, during and after one year construction. Measurements and site evaluation where made by using DCP, Light Weight Deflectometer and FWD (on top of asphalt layer and excavating inside pits. The structural capacity of the Rubblized layer was evaluated through theoretical analysis. Because of the anisotropic properties of the Rubblized layer the results are presented using AASHTO structural layer coefficient. The structural layer coefficients recommended are between the range of 0.25 and 0.30 for concrete slabs with thickness grater than 220 mm.El trabajo presenta los resultados de un estudio a escala real de la capacidad estructural de un firme de hormigón rehabilitado utilizando la técnica de Rubblizing. La técnica de Rubblizing ha sido traducida como el pulverizado del firme de hormigón pero, es más bien un efecto combinado de trituración y fracturación de la losa de hormigón en todo su espesor para convertir esta en una base granular de alto módulo. Esta tecnica fractura la losa de hormigón en trozos angulares y entrelazados empleando una carga dinámica concentrada, de baja amplitud y alta frecuencia. La investigación se basó en el estudio de la rehabilitación de 5 km de autopista. Los estudios de la capacidad estructural fueron realizados durante, al término y un año después de la construcción. Para las mediciones y evaluaciones de terreno se utilizó, el

  4. Assessment of low temperature cracking in asphalt pavement mixes and rheological performance of asphalt binders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sowah-Kuma, David

    Government spends a lot of money on the reconstruction and rehabilitation of road pavements in any given year due to various distresses and eventual failure. Low temperature (thermal) cracking, one of the main types of pavement distress, contributes partly to this economic loss, and comes about as a result of accumulated tensile strains exceeding the threshold tensile strain capacity of the pavement. This pavement distress leads to a drastic reduction of the pavement's service life and performance. In this study, the severity of low temperature (thermal) cracking on road pavements selected across the Province of Ontario and its predicted time to failure was assessed using the AASTHO Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Guide (MEPDG) and AASHTOWARE(TM) software, with inputs such as creep compliance and tensile strength from laboratory test. Highway 400, K1, K2, Y1, Sasobit, Rediset LQ, and Rediset WMX were predicted to have a pavement in-service life above 15 years. Additionally, the rheological performance of the recovered asphalt binders was assessed using Superpave(TM) tests such as the dynamic shear rheometer (DSR) and bending beam rheometer (BBR). Further tests using modified standard protocols such as the extended bending beam rheometer (eBBR) (LS-308) test method and double-edge notched tension (DENT) test (LS-299) were employed to evaluate the failure properties associated with in service performance. The various rheological tests showed K1 to be the least susceptible to low temperature cracking compared to the remaining samples whiles Highway 24 will be highly susceptible to low temperature cracking. X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis was performed on the recovered asphalt binders to determine the presence of metals such as zinc (Zn) and molybdenum (Mo) believed to originate from waste engine oil, which is often added to asphalt binders. Finally, the severity of oxidative aging (hardening) of the recovered asphalt binders was also evaluated using the

  5. 沥青路面冷再生技术在路面维修中的应用%Application of Cold Recycling Technology of Asphalt Pavement in the Pavement Repair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯国龙

    2014-01-01

    This paper analyzed several main causes of the damage of asphalt pavement and simply introduced the main techniques of the cold recycling technology of asphalt pave-ment. The author also introduced the concrete applying meth-ods of the cold regeneration technique of asphalt pavement in pavement repair.%本文针对沥青路面出现损坏的几个主要原因进行了分析,简单介绍了沥青路面冷再生技术的主要工艺,并且介绍了沥青路面冷再生技术在路面维修中的具体使用方法。

  6. Thermal behavior of crumb-rubber modified asphalt concrete mixtures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epps, Amy Louise

    Thermal cracking is one of the primary forms of distress in asphalt concrete pavements, resulting from either a single drop in temperature to an extreme low or from multiple temperature cycles above the fracture temperature of the asphalt-aggregate mixture. The first mode described is low temperature cracking; the second is thermal fatigue. The addition of crumb-rubber, manufactured from scrap tires, to the binder in asphalt concrete pavements has been suggested to minimize both types of thermal cracking. Four experiments were designed and completed to evaluate the thermal behavior of crumb-rubber modified (CRM) asphalt-aggregate mixtures. Modified and unmodified mixture response to thermal stresses was measured in four laboratory tests. The Thermal Stress Restrained Specimen Test (TSRST) and the Indirect Tensile Test (IDT) were used to compare mixture resistance to low temperature cracking. Modified mixtures showed improved performance, and cooling rate did not affect mixture resistance according to the statistical analysis. Therefore results from tests with faster rates can predict performance under slower field rates. In comparison, predicted fracture temperatures and stresses (IDT) were generally higher than measured values (TSRST). In addition, predicted fracture temperatures from binder test results demonstrated that binder testing alone is not sufficient to evaluate CRM mixtures. Thermal fatigue was explored in the third experiment using conventional load-induced fatigue tests with conditions selected to simulate daily temperature fluctuations. Test results indicated that thermal fatigue may contribute to transverse cracking in asphalt pavements. Both unmodified and modified mixtures had a finite capacity to withstand daily temperature fluctuations coupled with cold temperatures. Modified mixtures again exhibited improved performance. The fourth experiment examined fracture properties of modified and unmodified mixtures using a common fracture toughness test

  7. 水泥路面加铺沥青改造质量控制技术%Paving asphalt concrete pavement quality control techniques

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小兵

    2014-01-01

    总结归纳了旧路面病害检测的内容及方法,从施工管理角度出发,对沥青面层的加铺进行了质量控制,包括沥青、集料、设置试验段等内容,并通过平整度、渗水系数等控制掺量检验,对改造工程质量进行了检查验收。%This paper sums up the old road surface plant disease detection contents and methods, from the angle of construction management of asphalt road surface of the road to quality control, such as asphalt, aggregate, set up test section content, finally, through permeable coefficient control parameter inspection, inspection on project quality acceptance.

  8. Effects of Asphalt Mix Design Properties on Pavement Performance: A Mechanistic Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad M. Abu Abdo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this study was to investigate the effects of hot mix asphalt material properties on the performance of flexible pavements via mechanistic approach. 3D Move Analysis software was utilized to determine rutting and cracking distresses in an asphalt concrete (AC layer. Fourteen different Superpave mixes were evaluated by utilizing results of the Dynamic Modulus (|E⁎| Test and the Dynamic Shear Modulus (|G⁎| Test. Results showed that with the increase of binder content, the tendency of rutting in AC layer increased. However, with the increase of binder content, the cracking of AC layer lessened. Furthermore, when different binder grades were evaluated, results showed that with the increase of the upper binder grade number, rutting decreased, and with the increase of the lower binder grade number, rutting increased. Furthermore, analysis showed that with the increase of the lower binder grade number, higher percent of bottom up cracks would result. As a result of the analysis, binder grade should not be solely considered for cracking in AC layer; binder content and aggregate structure play a big role. Finally, results illustrated that the mechanistic approach is a better tool to determine the performance of asphalt pavement than commonly used methods.

  9. CRC+AC复合式路面的合理配筋率%Reasonable Reinforcement Ratio of Continuously Reinforced Concrete Composite Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李盛; 刘朝晖; 李宇峙

    2012-01-01

    针对CRC+ AC复合式路面的结构特点和现有研究的不足,对现行规范的纵向配筋设计进行了分析,运用传热学理论和有限元法,研究了AC层的温度效应,计算和分析了AC层温度效应对CRC+ AC复合式路面纵向配筋率的影响规律.研究结果表明:CRC+ AC复合路面结构的纵向配筋设计不需要考虑剥落、渗水和冲断破坏,只需考虑钢筋的拉断破坏即可;由于AC层的隔热作用明显,CRC+ AC复合路面结构的纵向配筋率可以相应减少,以AC层厚度10 cm为例,CRC层的纵向配筋率可减少0.12%左右;钢筋的架设建议采用滑动支架,纵向钢筋的连接建议采用绑扎方式,搭接长度约为35倍钢筋直径.%Focused on the structure characteristics and the flaws of existing studies of CRC + AC composite pavement, longitudinal reinforcement design in current specifications was analyzed. By using heattransfer theory and finite element method, temperature effect of AC layer was researched, and the influence of temperature effect of AC layer on longitudinal reinforcement ratio of CRC + AC composite pavement was calculated and analyzed. The results show that ( 1) longitudinal reinforcement design of CRC + AC composite pavement needs not to consider spalling, seepage and thrust failure, just needs to consider tensile failure of reinforcement; (2) longitudinal reinforcement ratio of CRC + AC composite pavement can be reduced due to the efficient heat insulation of AC layer, for instance, the thickness of AC layer is 10 cm, the longitudinal reinforcement ratio of CRC layer can be reduced by about 0. 12%. It is recommended that the sliding stent be used in reinforcement erection, the banding way be used to joint longitudinal reinforcement, and the overlapped length is about 35 times the reinforcement diameter.

  10. Sensitivity analysis of longitudinal cracking on asphalt pavement using MEPDG in permafrost region

    OpenAIRE

    Chen Zhang; Hainian Wang; Zhanping You; Biao Ma

    2015-01-01

    Longitudinal cracking is one of the most important distresses of asphalt pavement in permafrost regions. The sensitivity analysis of design parameters for asphalt pavement can be used to study the influence of every parameter on longitudinal cracking, which can help optimizing the design of the pavement structure. In this study, 20 test sections of Qinghai–Tibet Highway were selected to conduct the sensitivity analysis of longitudinal cracking on material parameter based on Mechanistic-Empiri...

  11. Assessment of porous asphalt pavement performance: hydraulics and water quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briggs, J. F.; Ballestero, T. P.; Roseen, R. M.; Houle, J. J.

    2005-05-01

    The objective of this study is to focus on the water quality treatment and hydraulic performance of a porous asphalt pavement parking lot in Durham, New Hampshire. The site was constructed in October 2004 to assess the suitability of porous asphalt pavement for stormwater management in cold climates. The facility consists of a 4-inch asphalt open-graded friction course layer overlying a high porosity sand and gravel base. This base serves as a storage reservoir in-between storms that can slowly infiltrate groundwater. Details on the design, construction, and cost of the facility will be presented. The porous asphalt pavements is qualitatively monitored for signs of distress, especially those due to cold climate stresses like plowing, sanding, salting, and freeze-thaw cycles. Life cycle predictions are discussed. Surface infiltration rates are measured with a constant head device built specifically to test high infiltration capacity pavements. The test measures infiltration rates in a single 4-inch diameter column temporarily sealed to the pavement at its base. A surface inundation test, as described by Bean, is also conducted as a basis for comparison of results (Bean, 2004). These tests assess infiltration rates soon after installation, throughout the winter, during snowmelt, after a winter of salting, sanding, and plowing, and after vacuuming in the spring. Frost penetration into the subsurface reservoir is monitored with a frost gauge. Hydrologic effects of the system are evaluated. Water levels are monitored in the facility and in surrounding wells with continuously logging pressure transducers. The 6-inch underdrain pipe that conveys excess water in the subsurface reservoir to a riprap pad is also continuously monitored for flow. Since porous asphalt pavement systems infiltrate surface water into the subsurface, it is important to assess whether water quality treatment performance in the subsurface reservoir is adequate. The assumed influent water quality is

  12. Sulfur extended asphalt pavement evaluation in the State of Washington: SR 270 highway pavement performance report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahoney, J. P.; Terrel, R. L.; Cook, J. C.

    1982-11-01

    The placement and performance of sulfur extended asphalt (SEA) paving mixtures at a highway test site (SR 270) near Pullman, Washington is summarized. The mixture and structural designs and construction details are included. This is followed by a discussion of the data collection and analysis accomplished over a three year evaluation period (1979-1982). A major experimental feature of the study was the use of 0.100 (conventional asphalt concrete), 30/70 and 40/60 SEA binder ratios (sulfur/asphalt ratios are expressed as weight percents in the experimental paving mixtures.

  13. Steady-State Creep of Asphalt Concrete

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alibai Iskakbayev

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports the experimental investigation of the steady-state creep process for fine-grained asphalt concrete at a temperature of 20 ± 2 °С and under stress from 0.055 to 0.311 MPa under direct tension and was found to occur at a constant rate. The experimental results also determined the start, the end point, and the duration of the steady-state creep process. The dependence of these factors, in addition to the steady-state creep rate and viscosity of the asphalt concrete on stress is satisfactorily described by a power function. Furthermore, it showed that stress has a great impact on the specific characteristics of asphalt concrete: stress variation by one order causes their variation by 3–4.5 orders. The described relations are formulated for the steady-state of asphalt concrete in a complex stressed condition. The dependence is determined between stress intensity and strain rate intensity.

  14. Research on pavement performance of steel deck epoxy asphalt pouring concrete%钢桥面环氧沥青浇筑式混凝土铺装路用性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔晓波; 李超源; 邵强

    2014-01-01

    Through different binder contents flow detection selected suitable binder contents, and identified the suitable mixing time of mixture under the conditions of 10% binder content, the high and low temperature experiment results showed that, the low temperature performance of epoxy asphalt pouring asphalt mixture better than ordinary roller type epoxy asphalt concrete, and its low temperature properties little effect by mixing time, compared with common modified asphalt, epoxy asphalt could significantly improve the high temperature stability of pouring asphalt mixture.%通过不同结合料含量流动性检测选取了适宜的结合料用量,并确定了10%结合料用量条件下混合料适宜的拌和时间,高低温试验结果表明,环氧沥青浇筑式沥青混合料的低温性能优于普通碾压式环氧沥青混凝土,且其低温性能受拌和时间影响不大,与普通改性沥青相比,环氧沥青能够显著改善浇筑式沥青混合料的高温稳定性。

  15. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Asphalt Pavement Construction: A Case Study in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Feng; Sha, Aimin; Lin, Ruiyu; Huang, Yue; Wang, Chao

    2016-03-22

    In China, the construction of asphalt pavement has a significant impact on the environment, and energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from asphalt pavement construction have been receiving increasing attention in recent years. At present, there is no universal criterion for the evaluation of GHG emissions in asphalt pavement construction. This paper proposes to define the system boundaries for GHG emissions from asphalt pavement by using a process-based life cycle assessment method. A method for evaluating GHG emissions from asphalt pavement construction is suggested. The paper reports a case study of GHG emissions from a typical asphalt pavement construction project in China. The results show that the greenhouse gas emissions from the mixture mixing phase are the highest, and account for about 54% of the total amount. The second highest GHG emission phase is the production of raw materials. For GHG emissions of cement stabilized base/subbase, the production of raw materials emits the most, about 98%. The GHG emission for cement production alone is about 92%. The results indicate that any measures to reduce GHG emissions from asphalt pavement construction should be focused on the raw materials manufacturing stage. If the raw materials production phase is excluded, the measures to reduce GHG emissions should be aimed at the mixture mixing phase.

  16. The Effect of Joint Width on Structural Performance of Asphalt Block Pavements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Abdelgalil

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Asphalt blocks have been occasionally used around the world as a road pavement, but there have been very limited studies being done to evaluate the effect of joint width (spacing between the blocks on the structural performance of asphalt paving blocks. This study explains the experimental study to assess the performance and properties of asphalt paving blocks laid with different joint widths between the blocks i.e., 0, 2 and 3 mm, respectively. A total of 250 asphalt paving blocks was manufactured and tested in the laboratory to ascertain the density, air voids, the compressive strength and the rut depth and displacement occurred in asphalt paving block. The design compressive load of single asphalt paving block is 166 kN. The test results showed that the joint width plays a vital role on the performance of asphalt block pavement. Asphalt paving blocks were laid as closely in contact as possible (0 mm yields the best structural performance.

  17. Evaluation of Warm-Mix Asphalt Technologies for Use on Airfield Pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    Auburn, AL: National Center for Asphalt Technology. Cooley Jr., L. A. 2003. Evaluation of Pavement Permeability in Mississippi. Auburn, AL: National...ER D C/ G SL T R -1 2 -3 Evaluation of Warm-Mix Asphalt Technologies for Use on Airfield Pavements G eo te ch n ic al a n d S tr u ct...default. ERDC/GSL TR-12-3 February 2012 (Revised December 2013) Evaluation of Warm-Mix Asphalt Technologies for Use on Airfield Pavements

  18. Comparative Study of Asphalt Layer Temperature Field of Combined Type Pavement and Asphalt Pavement with Semi -Rigid Base Course%复合式路面与半刚性基层沥青路面的沥青层温度场对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王锐

    2012-01-01

    The comparative Study of asphalt layer temperature field of combined type pavement and asphalt pavement with semi -rigid base course could provide support for design and construction of asphalt layer of com- bined type pavement or "change white to black" pavement (paving asphalt surface on old cement concrete pave- ment). Taking the asphalt layer as 2 -3 layers with not totally same thickness and material, each layer is studied and analyzed one after one. The result shows that the temperature field of asphalt layer of the two pavement struc- ture is very similar and the design and construction of asphalt layer of combined type pavement affected by tempera- ture could take that of asphalt pavement with semi - rigid base course as a reference.%通过对复合式路面与半刚性基层沥青路面的沥青层温度场对比研究,可为复合式路面或"白改黑"路面(旧水泥混凝土路面加铺沥青面层)沥青层的设计及施工提供技术支持。将沥青层看作是厚度和材料不全相同的2~3层,然后逐层研究分析,结果表明两种路面结构沥青层的温度场非常相似,认为温度作用下复合式路面沥青层的设计及施工经验可借鉴半刚性基层沥青路面。

  19. SIMULATION OF TEMPERATURE AND TRANSPORT LOAD IMPACT ON FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF CRACKS ON ASPHALT-CONCRETE ROAD SURFACES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Melnikova

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available An analysis of statistical data has shown that about 60 % of all types of road surface destructions and damages in the Republic of Belarus are attributed to cracks (separate, frequent and cracks network. The process of cracks formation in the asphalt concrete pavement is rather complicated and it is affected by a number of factors. The most important and determining factors are character and value of traffic loads, temperature action, road pavement structure, properties of materials used for its layers. Some regularities of the cracks formation and development in the asphalt-concrete layers of the pavement have been established on the basis of the physical and mathematical modeling. Application of a finite  element  method for  calculations  has made it possible to determine  numerical values of compressive and tensile stresses arising due to temperature action and traffic load, deflection of road pavement constructive layers. The paper contains recommendations for a road pavement design and repair of asphalt-concrete pavements which have been made on the basis of the obtained data analysis.

  20. Research on nonlinear constitutive relationship of permanent deformation in asphalt pavements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENG; Miaojuan; XU; Zhihong

    2006-01-01

    To predict correctly the rut depths in asphalt pavements,a new nonlinear viscoelastic-elastoplastic constitutive model of permanent deformation in asphalt pavements is presented.The model combines a generalized Maxwell model with an elastoplastic one.Then from the creep theory,the linear and nonlinear constitutive equations of the generalized Maxwell model are obtained.From the nonlinear finite element method for the rutting of the asphalt pavement,the rut depths of 4 asphalt-aggregate mixtures are obtained.And the results are compared with the ones from the finite element method by SHRP and the experiments by SWK/UN.The results in this paper are better than the ones by SHRP,and agree with the ones of the experiment by SWK/UN.This shows that the nonlinear viscoelastic-elastoplastic constitutive model,which is presented in this paper for the rutting of the asphalt pavement,is effective.The properties,such as nonlinear elasticity,plasticity,viscoelasticity and nonlinear viscoelasticity,which affect the rutting of an asphalt pavement,can be shown in the model.And the characteristics of the permanent deformation of the asphalt pavement can be presented entirely in the model.

  1. 7 CFR 2902.36 - Concrete and asphalt release fluids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Concrete and asphalt release fluids. 2902.36 Section... PROCUREMENT Designated Items § 2902.36 Concrete and asphalt release fluids. (a) Definition. Products that are designed to provide a lubricating barrier between the composite surface materials (e.g., concrete...

  2. Performance evaluation of open-graded epoxy asphalt concrete with two nominal maximum aggregate sizes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗桑; 钱振东; 薛永超

    2015-01-01

    Open-graded friction course (OGFC) is applied to pavement surfaces to increase driving safety under wet conditions, and recently, to reduce tire/pavement noise. The durability of OGFC, however, has been a concern since conventional OGFC mixes last typically less than ten years before major maintenance or rehabilitation is needed. This work investigates a new open-graded asphalt mixture that uses epoxy asphalt as binder to improve mix durability. One type of epoxy asphalt that has been successfully applied to dense-graded asphalt concrete for bridge deck paving was selected. A procedure of compacting the mix into slab specimens was developed and a series of laboratory tests were conducted to evaluate the performance of the new mix, including Cantabro loss, permeability, friction, shear strength, and wheel rutting tests. Results show superior overall performance of the open-graded epoxy asphalt mix compared to conventional open-graded asphalt mix. There are also preliminary indications that the OGFC mix with 4.75-mm NMAS gradation can improve the resistance performance to raveling, while the OGFC mix with 9.5-mm NMAS gradation can improve the performance of surface friction at a high slip speed.

  3. Performance evaluation of open-graded epoxy asphalt concrete with two nominal maximum aggregate sizes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗桑; 钱振东; 薛永超

    2015-01-01

    Open-graded friction course(OGFC) is applied to pavement surfaces to increase driving safety under wet conditions, and recently, to reduce tire/pavement noise. The durability of OGFC, however, has been a concern since conventional OGFC mixes last typically less than ten years before major maintenance or rehabilitation is needed. This work investigates a new open-graded asphalt mixture that uses epoxy asphalt as binder to improve mix durability. One type of epoxy asphalt that has been successfully applied to dense-graded asphalt concrete for bridge deck paving was selected. A procedure of compacting the mix into slab specimens was developed and a series of laboratory tests were conducted to evaluate the performance of the new mix, including Cantabro loss, permeability, friction, shear strength, and wheel rutting tests. Results show superior overall performance of the open-graded epoxy asphalt mix compared to conventional open-graded asphalt mix. There are also preliminary indications that the OGFC mix with 4.75-mm NMAS gradation can improve the resistance performance to raveling, while the OGFC mix with 9.5-mm NMAS gradation can improve the performance of surface friction at a high slip speed.

  4. Using Pyrolized Carbon Black (PCB) from Waste Tires in Asphalt Pavement (Part 1, Limestone Aggregate)

    OpenAIRE

    Park, Taesoon; Lovell, C. W.

    1996-01-01

    This study presents the viability of using PCB as an additive in hot mix asphalt concrete. Different ratios of PCB (5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% by weight of asphalt) were blended with two grades of asphalt (AC-10 and AC-20). The complete behaviors of the PCB modified asphalt concrete were investigated by comprehensive laboratory testing and evaluation. The Marshall method was used to determine the optimum binder content and the mechanical properties and void relationships were investigated by th...

  5. Use of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement in Conjunction with Ground Improvement: A Case History

    OpenAIRE

    Foye, Kevin C.

    2011-01-01

    The use of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) in lieu of virgin crushed stone aggregate is becoming a widely accepted practice for a number of construction applications, particularly pavement base courses. A number of laboratory RAP studies have considered the mechanical properties of RAP bases in order to support pavement designs incorporating RAP. These studies have revealed a number of interesting relationships between RAP moisture content, compaction, and stiffness. This paper discusses the...

  6. Evaluation of Warm Mix Asphalt Technologies and Recycled Asphalt Pavements in Truckee Meadows, Nevada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz Montecino, Cristian

    This study evaluated the properties and laboratory-performance of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) and Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA) mixtures with different levels of Recycled Asphalt Pavements (RAP) content: none for control mixtures, around 15% by dry weight of aggregates, and more than 30% by dry weight of aggregates. The rheological properties were evaluated for virgin and recovered RAP asphalt binders. The target amount of RAP in the mixtures was determined by using Blending Charts and Mortar Experiments. The mixtures are design through the guidelines established in Marshall Mix Design Method considering additional modifications for RAP and WMA from Superpave Mix Design. The mixtures are evaluated for their resistance to moisture damage by means of measuring the Dynamic Modulus |E*| after three freeze/thaw cycles and the indirect tensile strength after one and three freeze/thaw cycles. The resistance of the mixtures to permanent deformation was also evaluated by using the Asphalt Mixture Performance Tester (AMPT) to measure the flow number (FN). For this study, it was determined that the resistance to moisture damage decreases as the number of freeze/thaw cycles increases for most of the evaluated mixtures. Mixtures exhibited an increase in dynamic modulus as the RAP percentage increased. A decrease in the resistance to moisture damage was detected with the increase in RAP content for most of the mixtures. HMA mixtures exhibited a better performance in rutting than the WMA mixtures. An increase in rutting resistance was observed with the increase in RAP percentage for HMA mixtures whereas an inconsistent trend was observed for WMA mixtures. Further study is needed to validate the use of the high percentage of RAP in Washoe County.

  7. Percolation Model of Graphite-modified Asphalt Concrete

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MO Liantong; WU Shaopeng; LIU Xiaoming; CHEN Zheng

    2005-01-01

    The addition of graphite powder in conventional asphalt mixture can produced asphalt concrete with excellent electrical performance. Percolation theory was employed to discuss the relation between the conductivity and graphite content of graphite-modified asphalt concrete. It was found that the results of percolation model are consistent with experimental values. The percolation threshold of graphite-modified asphalt concrete is 10.94% graphite content account for the total volume of the binder phase consisting of asphalt and graphite. The critical exponent is 3.16, beyond the range of 1.6-2.1 for the standard lattice continuous percolation problem. Its reason is that the tunnel conduction mechanism originates near the critical percent content, which causes this system to be not universal. Tunnel mechanism is demonstrated by the nonlinear voltage-current characteristic near percolation threshold.The percolation model is able to well predict the formation and development of conductive network in graphite-modified asphalt concrete.

  8. An Improvement in Electrical Properties of Asphalt Concrete

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Shao-peng; MO Lian-tong; SHUI Zhong-he; XUAN Dong-xing; XUE Yong-jie; YANG Wen-feng

    2002-01-01

    Materials such as Koch AH - 70, basalt aggregate, limestone powder and graphite particles were used to prepare conductive asphalt concrete, which is a new type of multi functional concrete. The mix proportion by weight was shown as follows. Fineaggregates (2.36-4.75 mm):fine aggregates (< 2.36mm): limestone powder: asphalt = 120:240: 14:30. The content of added graphite particles ranged from 0% to 20% ( by the Special weight of asphalt concerte). A conductive asphalt concrete with a resistivity around 10-103·Ωm was obtained.attention was paid to the effects of graphite content, graphite physical-chemical properties, asphalt content and temperature on the resistivity. Furthermore, an attempt was made to develop an electrically conductive model for asphalt concrete.

  9. Characteristics and applications of high-performance fiber reinforced asphalt concrete

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Philip

    Steel fiber reinforced asphalt concrete (SFRAC) is suggested in this research as a multifunctional high performance material that can potentially lead to a breakthrough in developing a sustainable transportation system. The innovative use of steel fibers in asphalt concrete is expected to improve mechanical performance and electrical conductivity of asphalt concrete that is used for paving 94% of U. S. roadways. In an effort to understand the fiber reinforcing mechanisms in SFRAC, the interaction between a single straight steel fiber and the surrounding asphalt matrix is investigated through single fiber pull-out tests and detailed numerical simulations. It is shown that pull-out failure modes can be classified into three types: matrix, interface, and mixed failure modes and that there is a critical shear stress, independent of temperature and loading rate, beyond which interfacial debonding will occur. The reinforcing effects of SFRAC with various fiber sizes and shapes are investigated through indirect tension tests at low temperature. Compared to unreinforced specimens, fiber reinforced specimens exhibit up to 62.5% increase in indirect tensile strength and 895% improvements in toughness. The documented improvements are the highest attributed to fiber reinforcement in asphalt concrete to date. The use of steel fibers and other conductive additives provides an opportunity to make asphalt pavement electrically conductive, which opens up the possibility for multifunctional applications. Various asphalt mixtures and mastics are tested and the results indicate that the electrical resistivity of asphaltic materials can be manipulated over a wide range by replacing a part of traditional fillers with a specific type of graphite powder. Another important achievement of this study is development and validation of a three dimensional nonlinear viscoelastic constitutive model that is capable of simulating both linear and nonlinear viscoelasticity of asphaltic materials. The

  10. Dynamic Response Analysis of Asphalt Concrete Pavement with Permeable Base Considering Moving and Overload Effect of Vehicles%考虑车辆移动效应和超载的排水基层路面结构动力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧金秋; 崔新壮; 王聪; 郑骁

    2011-01-01

    In order to study the dynamic response of asphalt concrete pavement with permeable base under vehicle loads, based fast Lagrangian finite difference method, the dynamic analysis of asphalt concrete pavement under various conditions is conducted, considering the influence of moving vehicle load and different speed. The results show that the pavement dynamic deflection did not increase though the modulus of permeable base is low. The permeable base reduced the dynamic stress at the bottom of the subbase, which can inhibit the cracking of reflection. With the increase of speed, both the dynamic deflection and stress decreased, so in high temperature season, low-speed vehicle can cause larger rutting. Little vehicle overload can induce larger dynamic deflection and stress thus causes larger pavement deformation even plastic damage and the cracking. It is implied that the governance of overload is of great significance for extending road life and reducing maintenance costs.%为了研究车辆荷载作用下排水基层路面的动力响应,同时考虑车速和轴载的影响,采用移动加载的方法,对不同工况下沥青混凝土路面进行了快速Lagrange有限差分分析.结果表明,路面弯沉并未因排水基层的低模量而增大,峰值甚至有所减小;排水基层的存在减小了底基层底部的动应力,可以抑制反射裂缝的产生;弯沉及动应力均随车速的增大而减小,高温季节,低速行驶更容易引起大车辙;当车辆超载50%时,弯沉和动应力均成倍增大,导致路面产生较大变形甚至塑性破坏,且更容易引起路面开裂,表明治理超载对延长道路使用寿命、降低养护成本具有重要意义.

  11. Investigating the Properties of Asphalt Concrete Containing Glass Fibers and Nanoclay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Taherkhani

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The performance of asphaltic pavements during their service life is highly dependent on the mechanical properties of the asphaltic layers. Therefore, in order to extend their service life, scientists and engineers are constantly trying to improve the mechanical properties of the asphaltic mixtures. One common method of improving the performance of asphaltic mixtures is using different types of additives. This research investigated the effects of reinforcement by randomly distributed glass fibers and the simultaneous addition of nanoclayon some engineering properties of asphalt concrete have been investigated. The properties of a typical asphalt concrete reinforced by different percentages of glass fibers were compared with those containing both the fibers and nanoclay. Engineering properties, including Marshall stability, flow, Marshall quotient, volumetric properties and indirect tensile strength were studied. Glass fibers were used in different percentages of 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6% (by weight of total mixture, and nanoclay was used in 2, 4 and 6% (by the weight of bitumen. It was found that the addition of fibers proved to be more effective than the nanoclay in increasing the indirect tensile strength. However, nanoclay improved the resistance of the mixture against permanent deformation better than the glass fibers. The results also showed that the mixture reinforced by 0.2% of glass fiber and containing 6% nanoclay possessed the highest Marshall quotient, and the mixture containing 0.6% glass fibers and 2% nanoclay possessedthe highest indirect tensile strength.

  12. Asphalt Mixture for the First Asphalt Concrete Directly Fastened Track in Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seong-Hyeok Lee

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The research has been initiated to develop the asphalt mixtures which are suitable for the surface of asphalt concrete directly fastened track (ADFT system and evaluate the performance of the asphalt mixture. Three aggregate gradations which are upper (finer, medium, and below (coarser. The nominal maximum aggregate size of asphalt mixture was 10 mm. Asphalt mixture design was conducted at 3 percent air voids using Marshall mix design method. To make impermeable asphalt mixture surface, the laboratory permeability test was conducted for asphalt mixtures of three different aggregate gradations using asphalt mixture permeability tester. Moisture susceptibility test was conducted based on AASHTO T 283. The stripping percentage of asphalt mixtures was measured using a digital camera and analyzed based on image analysis techniques. Based on the limited research results, the finer aggregate gradation is the most suitable for asphalt mixture for ADFT system with the high TSR value and the low stripping percentage and permeable coefficient. Flow number and beam fatigue tests for finer aggregate asphalt mixture were conducted to characterize the performance of asphalt mixtures containing two modified asphalt binders: STE-10 which is styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS polymer and ARMA which is Crum rubber modified asphalt. The performance tests indicate that the STE-10 shows the higher rutting life and fatigue life.

  13. Use of Recycled Aggregate and Fly Ash in Concrete Pavement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myle N. James

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Recycled materials aggregate from the demolished concrete structures and fly ash from burning coal shows the possible application as structural and non structural components in concrete structures. This research aims to evaluate the feasibility of using concrete containing recycled concrete aggregate and fly ash in concrete pavement. Approach: Two water cement ratio (0.45 and 0.55 the compressive strength, modulus of electricity and flexural strength for concrete with recycled aggregate and fly ash with 0, 25% replacing cement in mass were considered. Results: The material properties of recycled aggregate concrete with fly ash indicate comparable results with that of concrete with natural aggregate and without fly ash. Conclusion/Recommendations: The recycled materials could be used in concrete pavement and it will promote the sustainability of concrete.

  14. A hybrid strategy in selecting diverse combinations of innovative sustainable materials for asphalt pavements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baron Colbert

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This project integrates recent innovations of recycled materials used in designing and building sustainable pavements. An increasing environmental awareness and the demand for improving economic and construction efficiencies, through measures such as construction warrantees and goals to reduce air pollution under the Kyoto Protocol, have increased the efforts to implement sustainable materials in roadways. The objective of this research is to develop a systematic approach toward selecting optimum combinations of sustainable materials for the construction of asphalt pavements. The selected materials, warm mix asphalt (WMA, recycled asphalt shingles (RAS, and reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP were incorporated in this study. The results of this research are intended to serve as guidelines in the selection of the mixed sustainable materials for asphalt pavements. The approach developed from this project draws upon previous research efforts integrating graphical modeling with optimizing the amount of sustainable materials based on the performance. With regard to moisture susceptibility and rutting potential test results, as well as the MIM analysis based on a 95% confidence interval, the rutting performance and moisture susceptibility of asphalt mixtures are not significantly different regardless of the percentages of RAS, RAP, or WMA. The optimum mixture choices could be made by the plant emission rankings with consideration of the optimal WMA types, percentages of RAS/RAP, and WMA production temperatures. The WMA mixtures prepared with 75% RAP and Advera® WMA have produced the lowest CO2 emissions among the investigated mixture types.

  15. Performance testing of asphalt concrete containing crumb rubber modifier and warm mix additives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikpugha, Omo John

    Utilisation of scrap tire has been achieved through the production of crumb rubber modified binders and rubberised asphalt concrete. Terminal and field blended asphalt rubbers have been developed through the wet process to incorporate crumb rubber into the asphalt binder. Warm mix asphalt technologies have been developed to curb the problem associated with the processing and production of such crumb rubber modified binders. Also the lowered production and compaction temperatures associated with warm mix additives suggests the possibility of moisture retention in the mix, which can lead to moisture damage. Conventional moisture sensitivity tests have not effectively discriminated good and poor mixes, due to the difficulty of simulating field moisture damage mechanisms. This study was carried out to investigate performance properties of crumb rubber modified asphalt concrete, using commercial warm mix asphalt technology. Commonly utilised asphalt mixtures in North America such as dense graded and stone mastic asphalt were used in this study. Uniaxial Cyclic Compression Testing (UCCT) was used to measure permanent deformation at high temperatures. Indirect Tensile Testing (IDT) was used to investigate low temperature performance. Moisture Induced Sensitivity Testing (MiST) was proposed to be an effective method for detecting the susceptibility of asphalt mixtures to moisture damage, as it incorporates major field stripping mechanisms. Sonnewarm(TM), Sasobit(TM) and Evotherm(TM) additives improved the resistance to permanent deformation of dense graded mixes at a loading rate of 0.5 percent by weight of the binder. Polymer modified mixtures showed superior resistance to permanent deformation compared to asphalt rubber in all mix types. Rediset(TM) WMX improves low temperature properties of dense graded mixes at 0.5 percent loading on the asphalt cement. Rediset LQ and Rediset WMX showed good anti stripping properties at 0.5 percent loading on the asphalt cement. The

  16. Analytical prediction and field validation of transient temperature field in asphalt pavements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈嘉祺; 李亮; 汪浩

    2015-01-01

    This work presented the development and validation of an analytical method to predict the transient temperature field in the asphalt pavement. The governing equation for heat transfer was based on heat conduction radiation and convection. An innovative time-dependent function was proposed to predict the pavement surface temperature with solar radiation and air temperature using dimensional analysis in order to simplify the complex heat exchange on the pavement surface. The parameters for the time-dependent pavement surface temperature function were obtained through the regression analysis of field measurement data. Assuming that the initial pavement temperature distribution was linear and the influence of the base course materials on the temperature of the upper asphalt layers was negligible, a close-form analytical solution of the temperature in asphalt layers was derived using Green’s function. Finally, two numerical examples were presented to validate the model solutions with field temperature measurements. Analysis results show that the solution accuracy is in agreement with field data and the relative errors at a shallower depth are greater than those at a deeper one. Although the model is not sensitive to dramatic changes in climatic factors near the pavement surface, it is applicable for predicting pavement temperature field in cloudless days.

  17. Low permeability asphalt concrete gamma ray shielding properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Binney, S E; Sykes, K L

    1997-01-01

    Energy-dependent gamma ray shielding properties were measured as a function of gamma ray energy for a low permeability asphalt concrete that is used as a cap to prevent water infiltration into radioactive waste sites. Experimental data were compared to ISO-PC point kernel shielding calculations. Calculated dose equivalent rates compared well with experimental values, especially considering the poor detector resolution involved. The shielding properties of the asphalt concrete closely resembled those of aluminum. The results presented can be used to determine the asphalt concrete thickness required to reduce dose equivalent rates from several gamma ray emitting radionuclides.

  18. Research on segregation evaluation methods of asphalt pavement based on air voids distribution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Eye observation was used to evaluate the segregation degree of asphalt pavement, which was not much creditable. To the asphalt pavement, road surface texture measuring method which has appeared recently can identify gradational segregation; but it can't reflect the influence of the temperature segregation. However,using infrared temperature detector to evaluate the segregation must be taken during paving, which brings much inconvenience. In this paper, measuring the air voids distribution using non-nuclear density gauge to evaluate asphalt pavement segregation was introduced. Result shows that this method can directly reflect the comprehensive results of the two types of segregation in a high efficient and accurate way. Moreover, using the sketch map of segregation area can help to analyze the segregation reason visually.

  19. Viscoroute 2.0: a tool for the simulation of moving load effects on asphalt pavement

    CERN Document Server

    Chabot, Armelle; Deloffre, Lydie; Duhamel, Denis

    2010-01-01

    As shown by strains measured on full scale experimental aircraft structures, traffic of slow-moving multiple loads leads to asymmetric transverse strains that can be higher than longitudinal strains at the bottom of asphalt pavement layers. To analyze this effect, a model and a software called ViscoRoute have been developed. In these tools, the structure is represented by a multilayered half-space, the thermo-viscoelastic behaviour of asphalt layers is accounted by the Huet-Sayegh rheological law and loads are assumed to move at constant speed. First, the paper presents a comparison of results obtained with ViscoRoute to results stemming from the specialized literature. For thick asphalt pavement and several configurations of moving loads, other ViscoRoute simulations confirm that it is necessary to incorporate viscoelastic effects in the modelling to well predict the pavement behaviour and to anticipate possible damages in the structure.

  20. Development of a Full-Depth Wheel Tracking Test for Asphalt Pavement Structure: Methods and Performance Evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Wang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The rutting performance of asphalt pavement structure relies on the high temperature properties of asphalt mixture as well as the pavement structure and thickness. In order to investigate the influence of the structure and thickness, a full-depth wheel tracking test is developed in this research by improving the conventional wheel tracking test apparatus. The newly proposed test method is capable of varying its load speed and load size, controlling its specimen temperature gradient, and simulating the support conditions of actual asphalt pavement. The full-depth wheel tracking test based rutting performance evaluation of different asphalt pavement structures indicates that it is not reasonable to explain the rutting performance of asphalt pavement structure from the point of view of single-layer asphalt mixture rutting performance. The developed full-depth wheel tracking test can be used to distinguish rutting performance of different asphalt pavement structures, and two of five typical asphalt pavement structures commonly used in Shanxi Province were suggested for use in practical engineering.

  1. 40 CFR 443.20 - Applicability; description of the asphalt concrete subcategory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... asphalt concrete subcategory. 443.20 Section 443.20 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... MATERIALS (TARS AND ASPHALT) POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Asphalt Concrete Subcategory § 443.20 Applicability; description of the asphalt concrete subcategory. The provisions of this subpart are applicable to...

  2. A Review on Using Crumb Rubber in Reinforcement of Asphalt Pavement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuha Salim Mashaan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available An immense problem affecting environmental pollution is the increase of waste tyre vehicles. In an attempt to decrease the magnitude of this issue, crumb rubber modifier (CRM obtained from waste tyre rubber has gained interest in asphalt reinforcement. The use of crumb rubber in the reinforcement of asphalt is considered as a smart solution for sustainable development by reusing waste materials, and it is believed that crumb rubber modifier (CRM could be an alternative polymer material in improving hot mix asphalt performance properties. In this paper, a critical review on the use of crumb rubber in reinforcement of asphalt pavement will be presented and discussed. It will also include a review on the effects of CRM on the stiffness, rutting, and fatigue resistance of road pavement construction.

  3. A review on using crumb rubber in reinforcement of asphalt pavement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mashaan, Nuha Salim; Ali, Asim Hassan; Karim, Mohamed Rehan; Abdelaziz, Mahrez

    2014-01-01

    An immense problem affecting environmental pollution is the increase of waste tyre vehicles. In an attempt to decrease the magnitude of this issue, crumb rubber modifier (CRM) obtained from waste tyre rubber has gained interest in asphalt reinforcement. The use of crumb rubber in the reinforcement of asphalt is considered as a smart solution for sustainable development by reusing waste materials, and it is believed that crumb rubber modifier (CRM) could be an alternative polymer material in improving hot mix asphalt performance properties. In this paper, a critical review on the use of crumb rubber in reinforcement of asphalt pavement will be presented and discussed. It will also include a review on the effects of CRM on the stiffness, rutting, and fatigue resistance of road pavement construction.

  4. Field Performance of Asphalt Pavements with New Technologies in Northern Nevada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faeth, Benjamin Michael

    The Regional Transportation Commission (RTC) of the Washoe Valley Area has been tasked to determine if three advanced asphalt pavement technologies and one modified aggregate gradation are suitable for implementation within Reno, Stead, and Sparks Nevada. This was accomplished through research and test roads and Intersections to determine if Recycled Asphalt Pavement (RAP), Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA), Polymer-Modified Asphalt Binder, and the Type 2-R aggregate gradation were succeeding in their design plans. Over the course of several years the streets being used by RTC to test the technologies are succeeding within their design lifespans, and the Intersections being used to test the Type 2-R aggregate gradation are showing significant resistance to rutting. Due to the roads and Intersections not being more than 10 years old, these conclusions are subject to change over time.

  5. Feasibility of using 100% Recycled Asphalt Pavement mixtures for road construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Russell Edgar, IV

    Recycled Asphalt Pavement (RAP) is the largest recycled good in the United States and 80 million tons are recycled yearly, saving taxpayers about $1.5 billion dollars. This paper explores the possibility of utilizing 100% RAP materials in asphalt pavement. Asphalt mixtures are produced at 135°C in a typical asphalt plant. However, at 135°C, not all binder from RAP materials may not become effective for coating aggregates. The main objective of the study is to determine the amount of effective binder available from RAP in the asphalt plant. The 100% RAP mixes have aged binder that can alter mix designs and interaction with virgin binder. In this study, to determine low temperature cracking resistance and fatigue performance, samples were prepared using a 100% RAP mix with no virgin binder and a 100% RAP mix with virgin asphalt binder to achieve the optimum binder content of the mix. Second, to determine the effectiveness of binder from RAP materials, compaction tests were performed by heating RAP materials at various temperatures. It was found that 100% RAP mixes cannot be feasible for field use if additional virgin binder is added to reach the optimum asphalt content. Based on limited test results, the low temperature grade was not within proper limits but the beam fatigue testing results were acceptable. Based on compaction test results, additional heating is needed to increase the effectiveness of asphalt binder from RAP materials.

  6. 绿色环保型高性能沥青混凝土排水铺装用防水材料应用研究%Application research on the green high-performance waterproof material for asphalt concrete drainage pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨冲; 冉千平; 孙德文

    2013-01-01

    This article introduces a high-performance resin-based waterproof materials for drainage pavement with asphalt con-crete,and its performance advantages as waterproof layer. Its excellent performance includes:4.07 MPa of adhesion to asphalt concrete base surface, 3.51 MPa of adhesion to the concrete surface, low temperature flexibility of up to -20℃,no impervious after 24 h under 1.8 MPa pressure, excellent abrasion resistance. It can not only achieve good compatibility between the waterproof layer with the substrate, but also avoid the economic losses due to performance deficiencies in the waterproof layer exist in the real project.%介绍了一种沥青混凝土排水铺装用的高性能树脂型防水材料以及其作为防水层所具备的性能优势.其优异性能表现在与沥青混凝土基面的粘结强度达4.07 MPa,与混凝土基面的粘结强度达3.51 MPa,低温弯折性可达-20℃,同时在1.8 MPa的压力下24 h不透水,耐磨性优良.不仅能够实现防水层与基层之间良好的相容性,同时避免了在实际工程中存在的因防水层性能缺陷带来的经济损失.

  7. Thermal behavior of an asphalt pavement in the laboratory and in the parking lot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinkauppi, J B; Mäkiranta, A; Kiijärvi, J; Hiltunen, E

    2015-01-01

    The urban, constructed areas are full of buildings and different kinds of pavements and have a noticeable lack of trees and flora. These areas are accumulating the heat from the Sun, people, vehicles, and constructions. One interesting heat collector is the asphalt pavement. How does the heat transfer to different layers under the pavement or does it? What are the temperatures under the pavement in Finland where the winter can be pretty hard? How can those temperatures be measured accurately? These are the main questions this paper gives the preliminary answers to. First the thermal behavior of asphalt and the layers beneath are researched in the laboratory and then the measurement field is bored and dug in the parking in the Western coast of Finland, 63°5'45'' N. Distributed temperature sensing method was found to be a good choice for temperature measurements. Thermal behavior of pavement has been monitored in different layers and the preliminary results have been published here. The goal of this research is to assess the applicability of asphalt pavements for heat energy collection.

  8. Thermal Behavior of an Asphalt Pavement in the Laboratory and in the Parking Lot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. B. Martinkauppi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The urban, constructed areas are full of buildings and different kinds of pavements and have a noticeable lack of trees and flora. These areas are accumulating the heat from the Sun, people, vehicles, and constructions. One interesting heat collector is the asphalt pavement. How does the heat transfer to different layers under the pavement or does it? What are the temperatures under the pavement in Finland where the winter can be pretty hard? How can those temperatures be measured accurately? These are the main questions this paper gives the preliminary answers to. First the thermal behavior of asphalt and the layers beneath are researched in the laboratory and then the measurement field is bored and dug in the parking in the Western coast of Finland, 63°5′45′′ N. Distributed temperature sensing method was found to be a good choice for temperature measurements. Thermal behavior of pavement has been monitored in different layers and the preliminary results have been published here. The goal of this research is to assess the applicability of asphalt pavements for heat energy collection.

  9. Resistivity-temperature Characteristics of Conductive Asphalt Concrete

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Wenzhou; LI Xu; YANG Qun; ZHANG Hongwei

    2016-01-01

    The changes of resistivity of conductive asphalt concrete at different temperatures were studied, and positive temperature coefficient (PTC) model was established to estimate the influence of temperature on the resistivity quantitatively, which eliminated the interference with conductivity evaluation brought by temperature variation. Finally, the analysis of temperature cycling test results proves that the changes of percolation network structure caused by temperature variation prompt the emergence of PTC of conductive asphalt concrete.

  10. DURABILITY OF ASPHALT CONCRETE MIXTURES USING DOLOMITE AGGREGATES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imad Al-Shalout

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study deals with the durability of asphalt concrete, including the effects of different gradations, compaction temperatures and immersion time on the durability potential of mixtures. The specific objectives of this study are: to investigate the effect of compaction temperature on the mechanical properties of asphalt concrete mixtures; investigate the effect of bitumen content and different aggregate gradations on the durability potential of bituminous mixtures.

  11. Development of traffic induced permanent strain in concrete block pavements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huurman, M.

    1996-01-01

    Concrete block pavements (c.b.p.) commonly consist of concrete blocks placed over a granular substructure. As a result of wheel load passages permanent strains will slowly develop in the substructure and cause rutting. This paper is about the prediction of the permanent strain development in the sub

  12. Building Asphalt Pavement with SBS-based Compound Added Using a Dry Process in Greenland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lee, Hosin; Kim, Yongjoo; Geisler, Nivi

    2009-01-01

    heavy traffic and severe weather conditions in Greenland. Based on the initial set of strain data collected under the slow-moving loader right after construction, the highest strain value was observed from the test section with the highest amount of SBS-based compound. The increased amount of SBS......-based compound seemed to affect the asphalt mix to become more flexible under the heavy loads. By adding SBS-based compound to asphalt mixtures using a “dry” process, it is expected that the pavement would become more resistant to rutting than a typical asphalt mixture used in Greenland while enduring its arctic...... weather....

  13. Modification of local asphalt with epoxy resin to be used in pavement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.M.M. Abd El Rahman

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The durability of asphalt pavement is greatly influenced by the environmental changes during the year. In this paper, we prepared asphalt modified by mixing asphalt 60/70 with epoxidized natural rubber (ENR in different percentages (5, 10 and 15%, which was achieved using preformed peracetic acid (aqueous solution 59% at 60–80 °C, then molten cross-linker maleic anhydride (MA was added to modified asphalt until homogenous blends are achieved. Marshall test was used to evaluate the asphalt pavement performance depending on the curing time and hardener concentration. To measure marshall test, the pervious mixture was stirred with aggregate jop formula mix (JMF and 40% MA at 150–170 °C for 20 h and 1600 rpm. From the obtained data, it was found that asphalt mixed with 15% of ENR + 40% MA achieves a high stability (16,632 Newton, air voids of 2.5%, flow of 2.9 mm and mineral voids of 14.6%. While, the stability of the unmodified asphalt was (11,500 Newton, the flow 3.2 mm, the suitable air void value was 3.7% at 5.5% with the same conditions.

  14. Induction Healing of Porous Asphalt Concrete

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liu, Q.

    2012-01-01

    Porous asphalt shows excellent performance in both noise reduction and water drainage. Although porous asphalt has these great qualities, its service life is much shorter (sometimes only half) compared to dense graded asphalt roads. Ravelling, which is the loss of aggregate particles from the surfac

  15. Mechanical Response of Typical Cement Concrete Pavements under Impact Loading

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ding Fei

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to study the mechanical response of cement concrete pavements under impact loading, four types of typical cement concrete pavement structures are investigated experimentally and numerically under an impact load. Full-scale three-dimensional pavement slots are tested under an impact load and are monitored for the mechanical characteristics including the deflection of the pavement surface layer, the strain distribution at the bottom of the slab, and the plastic damage and cracking under the dynamic impact load. Numerical analysis is performed by developing a three-dimensional finite element model and by utilizing a cement concrete damage model. The results show that the calculation results based on the cement concrete damage model are in reasonable agreement with the experimental results based on the three-dimensional test slot experiment. The peak values of stress and strain as monitored by the sensors are analyzed and compared with the numerical results, indicating that the errors of numerical results from the proposed model are mostly within 10%. The rationality of the finite element model is verified, and the model is expected to be a suitable reference for the analysis and design of cement concrete pavements.

  16. Recyclability of Concrete Pavement Incorporating High Volume of Fly Ash

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isamu Yoshitake

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Recyclable concrete pavement was made from fly ash and crushed limestone sand and gravel as aggregates so that the concrete pavement could be recycled to raw materials for cement production. With the aim to use as much fly ash as possible for the sustainable development of society, while achieving adequate strength development, pavement concrete having a cement-replacement ratio of 40% by mass was experimentally investigated, focusing on the strength development at an early age. Limestone powder was added to improve the early strength; flexural strength at two days reached 3.5 MPa, the minimum strength for traffic service in Japan. The matured fly ash concrete made with a cement content of 200 kg/m3 achieved a flexural strength almost equal to that of the control concrete without fly ash. Additionally, Portland cement made from the tested fly ash concrete was tested to confirm recyclability, with the cement quality meeting the Japanese classification of ordinary Portland cement. Limestone-based recyclable fly ash concrete pavement is, thus, a preferred material in terms of sustainability.

  17. Use of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement in Conjunction with Ground Improvement: A Case History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin C. Foye

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP in lieu of virgin crushed stone aggregate is becoming a widely accepted practice for a number of construction applications, particularly pavement base courses. A number of laboratory RAP studies have considered the mechanical properties of RAP bases in order to support pavement designs incorporating RAP. These studies have revealed a number of interesting relationships between RAP moisture content, compaction, and stiffness. This paper discusses the experiences of a design-build contractor integrating a geosynthetic ground improvement program with a RAP base during the reconstruction of a 1.95 ha asphalt parking lot. Field observations of base course construction with RAP explore some of the implications of laboratory findings. A number of interesting observations on the technical, construction, and economic issues resulting from the project challenges and the use of RAP are presented.

  18. Initiation and Propagation Mechanism of Blisters on the Epoxy Asphalt Concrete Paving Course of Steel Deck Bridge Pavement%钢桥面环氧沥青铺装层鼓泡形成扩展机理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张华; 郝培文; 张海伟

    2016-01-01

    In order to take effective steps to minimize the blistering problems on the epoxy asphalt overlays, the cause and propagation mechanism for blisters were studied systematically by means of field investigation, theoretical analysis and mathematical modeling. Based on the theory of thin plate and fracture mechanics,the deflection of blisters was studied under the pressure. Additionally, the energy principle in fracture mechanics was used to derive the energy relationship and the initiation and propagation mechanism was studied. The results indicate that the development of blisters includes three stages, namely, initiation, stale and unstable propagation. The deflection of blisters produced by the external force was related to the radius of blisters, depth and modulus of elasticity of pavement. The energy release rate was proposed as a criterion of the initiation and propagation of blisters. It provides the theory basis for further model experiment and simulation analysis.%为有效减少钢桥面环氧沥青铺装层出现鼓泡现象,采用现场调查、理论分析和数学建模的研究方法,系统地研究了鼓泡产生的原因和形成扩展机理。基于薄板理论,研究了鼓泡在竖向均布荷载作用下鼓泡挠度的变化规律。根据断裂力学中的能量原理,得到了鼓泡形成扩展过程中的能量关系,进而阐明了鼓泡形成扩展机理。研究结果表明:钢桥面环氧沥青铺装层鼓泡的形成扩展过程分为起裂、稳定扩展和失稳扩展3个阶段;鼓泡在外力作用下产生的挠度与鼓泡半径、铺装层厚度和弹性模量等因素有关,提出了以能量释放率为判定参数的扩展准则。

  19. 橡胶沥青路面的结构类型及应用%The structure type and application of rubber asphalt pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵评宏

    2015-01-01

    This paper discussed two kinds of production technology of rubber asphalt,analyzed the technical advantages of rubber asphalt,intro-duced the main structure types of rubber asphalt applied in pavement,and discussed the characteristics of gap gradation rubber asphalt concrete, rubber asphalt stone mastic,rubber asphalt stress absorbing layer,put forward the research direction improvement of rubber asphalt performance.%论述了橡胶沥青的两种生产工艺,分析了橡胶沥青具有的技术优势,介绍了橡胶沥青应用于路面的主要结构类型,并对断级配橡胶沥青混凝土、橡胶沥青玛脂碎石、橡胶沥青应力吸收层的特性进行了探讨,提出了完善橡胶沥青性能的研究方向。

  20. Numerical modeling of inelastic structures at loading of steady state rolling. Thermo-mechanical asphalt pavement computation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wollny, Ines; Hartung, Felix; Kaliske, Michael

    2016-05-01

    In order to gain a deeper knowledge of the interactions in the coupled tire-pavement-system, e.g. for the future design of durable pavement structures, the paper presents recent results of research in the field of theoretical-numerical asphalt pavement modeling at material and structural level, whereby the focus is on a realistic and numerically efficient computation of pavements under rolling tire load by using the finite element method based on an Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) formulation. Inelastic material descriptions are included into the ALE frame efficiently by a recently developed unsplit history update procedure. New is also the implementation of a viscoelastic cohesive zone model into the ALE pavement formulation to describe the interaction of the single pavement layers. The viscoelastic cohesive zone model is further extended to account for the normal pressure dependent shear behavior of the bonding layer. Another novelty is that thermo-mechanical effects are taken into account by a coupling of the mechanical ALE pavement computation to a transient thermal computation of the pavement cross-section to obtain the varying temperature distributions of the pavement due to climatic impact. Then, each ALE pavement simulation considers the temperature dependent asphalt material model that includes elastic, viscous and plastic behavior at finite strains and the temperature dependent viscoelastic cohesive zone formulation. The temperature dependent material parameters of the asphalt layers and the interfacial layers are fitted to experimental data. Results of coupled tire-pavement computations are presented to demonstrate potential fields of application.

  1. Thin, applied surfacing for improving skid resistance of concrete pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scholer, C. F.

    1980-12-01

    The use of select aggregate in a thin wearing surface of portland cement mortar to prolone or restore a concrete pavement's ability to develop high friction was accomplished. Two fine aggregates, blast furnace slag and lightweight expanded shale were found to exhibit skid resistance greater than the other aggregates evaluated. The British polishing wheel was used in the laboratory evaluation of aggregate to simulate wear. The need for a method of restoring friction to a worn, but otherwise sound concrete pavement led to a field evaluation of several different techniques for placing a very thin overlay. The successful method was a broomed, very thin layer of mortar, 3 mm thick.

  2. On the representative volume element of asphalt concrete at low temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marasteanu, Mihai; Cannone Falchetto, Augusto; Velasquez, Raul; Le, Jia-Liang

    2016-08-01

    The feasibility of characterizing asphalt mixtures' rheological and failure properties at low temperatures by means of the Bending Beam Rheometer (BBR) is investigated in this paper. The main issue is the use of thin beams of asphalt mixture in experimental procedures that may not capture the true behavior of the material used to construct an asphalt pavement.

  3. Development of a Full-Depth Wheel Tracking Test for Asphalt Pavement Structure: Methods and Performance Evaluation

    OpenAIRE

    Hui Wang; Zepeng Fan; Jiupeng Zhang

    2016-01-01

    The rutting performance of asphalt pavement structure relies on the high temperature properties of asphalt mixture as well as the pavement structure and thickness. In order to investigate the influence of the structure and thickness, a full-depth wheel tracking test is developed in this research by improving the conventional wheel tracking test apparatus. The newly proposed test method is capable of varying its load speed and load size, controlling its specimen temperature gradient, and simul...

  4. Generation of urban road dust from anti-skid and asphalt concrete aggregates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tervahattu, Heikki; Kupiainen, Kaarle J; Räisänen, Mika; Mäkelä, Timo; Hillamo, Risto

    2006-04-30

    Road dust forms an important component of airborne particulate matter in urban areas. In many winter cities the use of anti-skid aggregates and studded tires enhance the generation of mineral particles. The abrasion particles dominate the PM10 during springtime when the material deposited in snow is resuspended. This paper summarizes the results from three test series performed in a test facility to assess the factors that affect the generation of abrasion components of road dust. Concentrations, mass size distribution and composition of the particles were studied. Over 90% of the particles were aluminosilicates from either anti-skid or asphalt concrete aggregates. Mineral particles were observed mainly in the PM10 fraction, the fine fraction being 12% and submicron size being 6% of PM10 mass. The PM10 concentrations increased as a function of the amount of anti-skid aggregate dispersed. The use of anti-skid aggregate increased substantially the amount of PM10 originated from the asphalt concrete. It was concluded that anti-skid aggregate grains contribute to pavement wear. The particle size distribution of the anti-skid aggregates had great impact on PM10 emissions which were additionally enhanced by studded tires, modal composition, and texture of anti-skid aggregates. The results emphasize the interaction of tires, anti-skid aggregate, and asphalt concrete pavement in the production of dust emissions. They all must be taken into account when measures to reduce road dust are considered. The winter maintenance and springtime cleaning must be performed properly with methods which are efficient in reducing PM10 dust.

  5. 重载交通下不同基层类型沥青路面结构应力分析%Analysis for Structural Stress of Asphalt Pavement of Different Types of Basecourses under Heavy Load Traffic

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍祥松

    2012-01-01

    基于我国沥青路面设计理论及标准,参考实际沥青路面结构,选取不同的沥青路面结构与材料参数,如结构层厚度、模量和泊松比等,采用BISAR3.0路面力学计算程序计算分析不同基层类型对沥青混凝土路面结构内部应力状态的影响.结果表明,柔性基层路面与半刚性基层路面的破坏机理存在明显差异,为了实现2种路面的优势互补,应将柔性基层与半刚性基层的结构进行合理的优化组合,以弥补柔性基层和半刚性基层沥青路面的缺陷.%Based on design theories and standards for asphalt pavement in China and by reference to actual structures of asphalt pavement, this paper selects different structure and material parameters of asphalt pavement, such as thickness, modulus and Poisson' s Ratio of structural layers, etc. , calculates and analyzes influences of different basecourse types on internal stress states of asphalt concrete pavement structures by means of BISAR3. 0 mechanical calculation program for pavement. The results show that significant differences exist in failure mechanisms of flexible basecourse pavement and semi - rigid basecourse pavement, to realize complementary advantages of two pavements, the structures of flexible basecourse and semi - rigid basecourse should be optimized and combined in a reasonable way to make up defects of flexible basecourse and semi - rigid basecourse pavements.

  6. Utilization of recycled asphalt concrete with warm mix asphalt and cost-benefit analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oner, Julide; Sengoz, Burak

    2015-01-01

    The asphalt paving industries are faced with two major problems. These two important challenges are generated with an increase in demand for environmentally friendly paving mixtures and the problem of rapidly rising raw materials. Recycling of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) is a critical necessity to save precious aggregates and reduce the use of costly bitumen. Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA) technology provides not only the option of recycling asphalt pavement at a lower temperature than the temperature maintained in hot mixtures but also encourages the utilization of RAP and therefore saves energy and money. This paper describes the feasibility of utilizing three different WMA additives (organic, chemical and water containing) at recommended contents with different percentages of RAP. The mechanical properties and cost-benefit analysis of WMA containing RAP have been performed and compared with WMA without RAP. The results indicated that, 30%, 10% and 20% can be accepted as an optimum RAP addition related to organic, chemical and water containing additives respectively and organic additive with 30% RAP content has an appreciable increase in tensile strength over the control mix. It was also concluded that the RAP with WMA technology is the ability to reduce final cost compared to HMA and WMA mixtures.

  7. Utilization of recycled asphalt concrete with warm mix asphalt and cost-benefit analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julide Oner

    Full Text Available The asphalt paving industries are faced with two major problems. These two important challenges are generated with an increase in demand for environmentally friendly paving mixtures and the problem of rapidly rising raw materials. Recycling of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP is a critical necessity to save precious aggregates and reduce the use of costly bitumen. Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA technology provides not only the option of recycling asphalt pavement at a lower temperature than the temperature maintained in hot mixtures but also encourages the utilization of RAP and therefore saves energy and money. This paper describes the feasibility of utilizing three different WMA additives (organic, chemical and water containing at recommended contents with different percentages of RAP. The mechanical properties and cost-benefit analysis of WMA containing RAP have been performed and compared with WMA without RAP. The results indicated that, 30%, 10% and 20% can be accepted as an optimum RAP addition related to organic, chemical and water containing additives respectively and organic additive with 30% RAP content has an appreciable increase in tensile strength over the control mix. It was also concluded that the RAP with WMA technology is the ability to reduce final cost compared to HMA and WMA mixtures.

  8. Dynamic Properties of Footbridges: Influence of Asphalt Pavement and Support Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weber Benedikt

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Natural frequencies and damping ratios are important parameters in the design of footbridges against vibrations. Although not normally considered in calculations, non-structural elements such as the asphalt pavement and the supports can have a significant influence on the dynamic properties. In this article we present results from vibration tests conducted on four footbridges over the last few years covering a wide range of asphalt temperatures. The experiments show that both the natural frequencies and the damping ratios can change significantly with temperature. In one particular case, a variation in natural frequency of 25% has been observed between high and low asphalt temperatures. An additional damping of around 1% due to the asphalt pavement has been detected. To more clearly understand the experimental results, the bridges were also analysed numerically using a visco-elastic material for the asphalt. The analysis of the experimental results also revealed that other non-structural elements can have a large influence on dynamic properties of bridges. In two cases, the supports did not perform as expected and lead to surprising results.

  9. Optimisation of the Crack Pattern in Continuously Reinforced Concrete Pavements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ren, D.

    2015-01-01

    Recent field investigations on several new Continuously Reinforced Concrete Pavements (CRCP) in Belgium indicate that its crack pattern is characterized by low mean crack spacing along with a high percentage of clusters of closely spaced cracks. Field surveys also indicate that it is difficult to si

  10. Certification Tests on Cold Patch Asphalt Repair Materials for Use in Airfield Pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    was then applied for 60 sec to the specimens, and the deviator stress of 90 psi was applied. The test was terminated when 4% strain was reached or... pavements . ERDC-GSL TR-05-07. Vicksburg, MS: U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center. U.S. Air Force. 2008a. Testing protocol for rigid spall...ER D C/ G SL T R- 10 -1 4 Certification Tests on Cold Patch Asphalt Repair Materials for Use in Airfield Pavements G eo te ch ni

  11. Sustainable asphalt pavement: Application of slaughterhouse waste oil and fly ash in asphalt binder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez Ramos, Jorge Luis

    Increasing energy costs, lack of sufficient natural resources and the overwhelming demand for petroleum has stimulated the development of alternative binders to modify or replace petroleum-based asphalt binders. In the United States, the petroleum-based asphalt binder is mainly used to produce the Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA). There are approximately 4000 asphalt plants that make 500 million tons of asphalt binder valued at roughly 3 billion/year. The instability of the world's oil market has pushed oil prices to more than 80 per barrel in 2012, which increased the cost of asphalt binder up to $570 per ton. Therefore, there is a timely need to find alternative sustainable resources to the asphalt binder. This paper investigates the possibility of the partial replacement of the asphalt binder with slaughterhouse waste and/or fly ash. In order to achieve this objective, the asphalt binder is mixed with different percentages of waste oil and/or fly ash. In order to investigate the effect of these additives to the performance of the asphalt binder, a complete performance grade test performed on multiple samples. The results of the performance grade tests are compared with a control sample to observe how the addition of the waste oil and/or fly ash affects the sample. Considering the increasing cost and demand of asphalt, the use of slaughterhouse waste oil and/or fly ash as a partial replacement may result in environmental and monetary improvements in the transportation sector.

  12. Work Plan for: "Investigation of Noise, Durability, Permeability and Friction Performance Trends for Asphaltic Pavement Surface Types," PPRC Strategic Plan Item 4.16

    OpenAIRE

    Harvey, John T

    2005-01-01

    The central purpose of this research is to support the Caltrans Quiet Pavement Pilot Program. The research conforms with FHWA guidance provided to State DOTs that conduct tire/pavement noise research. The broader purpose of this research is to support the Caltrans Quieter Pavements Road Map and Work Plan, with goals and objectives that address quiet as well as permeable asphalt surfaces for pavements. Results from this research will identify best practice for selecting asphaltic surf...

  13. Investigating the Properties of Asphalt Concrete Containing Glass Fibers and Nanoclay

    OpenAIRE

    Hasan Taherkhani

    2016-01-01

    The performance of asphaltic pavements during their service life is highly dependent on the mechanical properties of the asphaltic layers. Therefore, in order to extend their service life, scientists and engineers are constantly trying to improve the mechanical properties of the asphaltic mixtures. One common method of improving the performance of asphaltic mixtures is using different types of additives. This research investigated the effects of reinforcement by randomly distributed glass fib...

  14. Theoretical Development and Engineering Practice of Pavements in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIU Yan-jun

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents a comprehensive review of historical theory development and current construction practice of pavement engineering in China. Mechanical models, design guides, construction techniques, evaluation methods and maintenance standards are elaborated for Portland cement concrete (PCC) pavements and asphalt concrete (AC) pavements. Differences in design methodology among pavements of rural highways, urban roads and airport fields are discussed based on service requirements.Lessons and experiences based on the past 20 years' construction practice and pavement performance are summarized. Current research areas in pavement engineering associated with unconventional geological and/or landscaping in China's highway construction and national strategic plan for pavement engineering are also covered.

  15. Performance Evaluation of Stone Mastic Asphalt and Hot Mix Asphalt Mixtures Containing Recycled Concrete Aggregate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Saeed Pourtahmasb

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Environmental and economic considerations have encouraged civil engineers to find ways to reuse recycled materials in new constructions. The current paper presents an experimental research on the possibility of utilizing recycled concrete aggregates (RCA in stone mastic asphalt (SMA and hot mix asphalt (HMA mixtures. Three categories of RCA in various percentages were mixed with virgin granite aggregates to produce SMA and HMA specimens. The obtained results indicated that, regardless of the RCA particular sizes, the use of RCA to replace virgin aggregates increased the needed binder content in the asphalt mixtures. Moreover, it was found that even though the volumetric and mechanical properties of the asphalt mixtures are highly affected by the sizes and percentages of the RCA but, based on the demands of the project and traffic volume, utilizing specific amounts of RCA in both types of mixtures could easily satisfy the standard requirements.

  16. Study of the Raveling Resistance of Porous Asphalt Pavements Used in Sustainable Drainage Systems Affected by Hydrocarbon Spills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Rodriguez-Hernandez

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Permeable pavements are one of the most commonly-used sustainable drainage systems (SuDS in urban areas for managing stormwater runoff problems. Porous asphalt is widely used in surface layers of permeable pavement systems, where it can suffer from accidental oil spills from vehicles. Oil spills affect bituminous mixes through the solvent action of the hydrocarbons on the bitumen, reducing the raveling resistance of asphalt pavements. In order to assess the raveling resistance in porous asphalt pavements, the Cantabro abrasion test was performed on 200 test samples after applying controlled oil spills. Three different types of binders were used: conventional bitumen, polymer-modified bitumen and special fuel-resistant bitumen. After analyzing the results, it was concluded that the most suitable bitumen to protect against oil leakages is the polymer-modified one, which is far better than the other two types of bitumen tested.

  17. Design Basis for Fibre Reinforced Concrete (FRC) Pavements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendixen, Søren; Stang, Henrik

    1996-01-01

    -crack opening relationship can beused to descibe the properties of fibre reinforced concrete (FRC) intension and how the stress-crack opening relationship can beapplied in a simple design scheme for pavements. The projectincludes development of design tools, experiments to determine thestress-crack opening......The paper summarises a Ph.D. project on development of a new design basis for fibre reinforced concrete ground slabs. The stress-crack openingrelationship is a well know basic material property of theso-called fictitious crack model for concrete. In the presentstudy it is shown how the stress...

  18. Energy consumption comparison for different asphalt pavements rehabilitation techniques used in Chile

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thenoux, Guillermo; Dowling, Rafael [School of Engineering, Universidad Catolica de Chile, Vicuna Mackenna 4860 Macul, Santiago (Chile); Gonzalez, Alvaro [Department of Civil Engineering, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8020 (New Zealand)

    2007-02-15

    In developing countries without the availability of reliable pavement management systems, recycling techniques may offer the best alternative for pavement structural rehabilitation. However, for many government officials and contractors there is a clear understanding of the technical advantages of recycling but not a clear perspective of cost saving. Since cost is a relative value among different regions of any country the following work makes an energy analysis of the construction process of the three different rehabilitation techniques available in Chile. Three different structural pavement rehabilitation alternatives were studied and compared using an energy consumption methodology: circle Asphalt overlay; circle Reconstruction; circle Cold in place recycling with foamed asphalt. The methodology considers different project scenarios by combining expected traffic and soil support values. For each rehabilitation technique and scenario, the construction processes were analyzed and the design layers were transformed to equivalent energy units (MJ/m{sup 2}). Results show that cold in place recycling utilizes the lowest amount of energy compared with reconstruction or an asphalt overlay in all the scenarios studied, producing more differences when rehabilitating roads for less trafficked roads. The study also concludes that aggregate haulage distance is the most sensitive factor on total energy consumption when comparing the three alternatives. (author)

  19. Evaluation of Permeability of Asphalt Pavement Based on Differential Thermal Infrared of Pavement Surface%基于路表红外差热的沥青混凝土路面渗水性能评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志栋; 黄晓明; 赵洁雯; 郭辉; 许涛; 陈广秀

    2012-01-01

    因离析、荷载、自然等因素的影响,沥青混凝土路面产生密实性不均一以及渗水性能表面差异性,为了改变目前渗水仪检测效率低、代表性差等现状,能够快速、多剖面对其渗水性能进行检测评价.首先,通过试验与有限元方法分析了沥青混凝土路面表面温度及其差异度与其渗水性能的相关性;同时,优选了路表温度差异度的最佳检测方法.研究表明:路表温度差异度与渗水性能相关系数达到0.9747,与传统渗水仪的渗水系数相关性达0.8272,建立了通过红外识别路表温度差异度来检测沥青混凝土路面渗水性能的方法和相应评价标准.另外,开发了连续测速达100 km/h的沥青混凝土路面渗水性红外检测仪,与传统渗水仪相比,检测范围由点变面,效率提高80倍,费用节约58%,并与处治透水的雾封层技术实现数据信息共享.%Because of synthesis effect of the segregation, loads and climate, the densification and permeability of the surface of asphalt concrete pavement is different. To change the status that the detecting efficiency and veracity of permeability detector at present is low and the permeability can be detected quickly and multi-section,firstly, the relativity between the surface temperature difference degree and permeability of asphalt concrete pavement is analyzed by the laboratory experiments and ABAQUS elements, and the detecting way of temperature difference degree optimized. It proved that relativity of the surface temperature difference degree and permeability of asphalt concrete pavement or permeability coefficient by the permeability detector arrived to 0. 974 7 or 0. 827 2, and detecting way of asphalt concrete pavement permeability is established based on the surface temperature difference degree identified by the infrared technology. At the same time, based on this principle the first continuous infrared detector reached l00km/h ,of asphalt concrete pavement

  20. Optimal formulations of some asphalt concrete roadway protective impregnation compositions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulia A. Ubas’kina

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The current paper describes optimization of the formulations of asphalt concrete roadway protective impregnation compositions based on BND 60/90 bitumen modified with petroleum resin. Physicochemical, technological and operating parameters of the prepared samples of the compositions are investigated.

  1. Design tool for the thermal energy potential of asphalt pavements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Loomans, M.G.L.C.; Oversloot, H.P.; Bondt, A. de; Jansen, R.; Rij, H. van

    2003-01-01

    This paper describes the development of a design tool for the calculation of the thermal energy potential of a so-called asphalt collector. Two types of numerical models have been developed and validated against experimental results from a full-scale test-site. The validation showed to be a tedious

  2. Polypropylene Fibers in Portland Cement Concrete Pavements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-08-01

    Bibliography on Fiber- Reinforced Cement and Concrete," Miscellaneous Paper C-76-6, with supplements 1, 2, 3, and 4 ( 1977 , 1979, 1980, and 1982), US Army... Mindess , S., Bentur, A., Yan, C., and Vondran, G., "Impact Resistance of Concrete Containing Both Conventional Steel Reinforcement and Fibrillated...Roads, Streets, Walks, and Open Storage Areas," TM 5-822-6/AFM 88-7, Chap. 7, Washington, DC, 1977 . 18. __ , "Concrete Floor Slabs on Grade Subjected

  3. Performance evaluation of high modulus asphalt concrete mixes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haritonovs, V.; Tihonovs, J.; Zaumanis, M.

    2016-04-01

    Dolomite is one of the most available sedimentary rocks in the territory of Latvia. Dolomite quarries contain about 1000 million tons of this material. However, according to Latvian Road Specifications, this dolomite cannot be used for average and high intensity roads because of its low quality (mainly, LA index). Therefore, mostly imported magmatic rocks (granite, diabase, gabbro, basalt) or imported dolomite are used which makes asphalt expensive. However, practical experience shows that even with these high quality materials roads exhibit rutting, fatigue and thermal cracks. The aim of the research is to develop a high performance asphalt concrete for base and binder courses using only locally available aggregates. In order to achieve resistance against deformations at a high ambient temperature, a hard grade binder was used. Workability, fatigue and thermal cracking resistance, as well as sufficient water resistance is achieved by low porosity (3-5%) and higher binder content compared to traditional asphalt mixtures. The design of the asphalt includes a combination of empirical and performance based tests, which in laboratory circumstances allow simulating traffic and environmental loads. High performance AC 16 base asphalt concrete was created using local dolomite aggregate with polymer modified (PMB 10/40-65) and hard grade (B20/30) bitumen. The mixtures were specified based on fundamental properties in accordance to EN 13108-1 standard.

  4. Comparative Analysis of Mechanical Response of Asphalt Concrete Pavement to Different Loads%不同形式荷载下沥青混凝土路面结构力学响应的对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈俊; 陈景雅; 刘云; 吴建涛

    2013-01-01

    Wheel loads in present pavement analysis systems are commonly simplified as three forms,namely static load,vibrating load and moving load with a constant speed.In order to understand the diffe rence of pavement response subject to the three simplified loadings,the discrete element model of pavement structure is constructed according to a typical flexible pavement.The effects of loading on pavement structure are simulated using the discrete element method.Thereafter,comparisons of pavement response subject to the three different loading are performed.Results show that only the maximum response to moving load can be reflected by static and vibration loading.The alternation of tensile and compressive response and double-action of the horizontal shearing stress cannot be simulated by static and vibration loading.%在分析车辆荷载作用下路面结构响应时,车辆荷载通常被简化为静止、振动和匀速移动3类形式.为了准确把握荷载不同简化形式下路面结构响应的差异,根据柔性路面的典型结构形式,建立了路面结构的离散元模型;采用离散元颗粒流软件,分别模拟了静止、振动和移动荷载对路面结构的作用,并对比分析了不同荷载形式下路面结构的力学响应.结果表明,静止、振动荷载只能反映移动荷载作用于路面结构后最大响应,亦即移动荷载越过路面结构某位置的瞬间,静止荷载响应与振动和移动荷载响应的峰值相当;静止、振动荷载不能反映移动荷载对路面结构引起的拉、压交替响应,以及车辆移动引起的路面结构内水平剪应力不同方向的两次作用.

  5. Effect of Material Composition and Environmental Condition on Thermal Characteristics of Conductive Asphalt Concrete

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pan Pan

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Conductive asphalt concrete with high thermal conductivity has been proposed to improve the solar energy collection and snow melting efficiencies of asphalt solar collector (ASC. This paper aims to provide some insight into choosing the basic materials for preparation of conductive asphalt concrete, as well as determining the evolution of thermal characteristics affected by environmental factors. The thermal properties of conductive asphalt concrete were studied by the Thermal Constants Analyzer. Experimental results showed that aggregate and conductive filler have a significant effect on the thermal properties of asphalt concrete, while the effect of asphalt binder was not evident due to its low proportion. Utilization of mineral aggregate and conductive filler with higher thermal conductivity is an efficient method to prepare conductive asphalt concrete. Moreover, change in thermal properties of asphalt concrete under different temperature and moisture conditions should be taken into account to determine the actual thermal properties of asphalt concrete. There was no noticeable difference in thermal properties of asphalt concrete before and after aging. Furthermore, freezing–thawing cycles strongly affect the thermal properties of conductive asphalt concrete, due to volume expansion and bonding degradation.

  6. 沥青混凝土面层碎石集料的质量控制%Quality control of gravel aggregate of asphalt concrete surface layer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高明成

    2011-01-01

    From the gravel aggregate production and processing,transportation,storage and other aspects,this paper provided points of requirements of asphalt,the upper layer of gravel aggregate quality control,maximum reduced the influence of raw material to the construction quality and durability of asphalt concrete pavement,and improved the service performance of asphalt pavement.%从碎石集料生产加工、运输、存放等方面,提出沥青中、上面层碎石集料质量控制的几点要求,最大限度的减小原材料对沥青混凝土面层施工质量及耐久性的影响,进而提高沥青路面使用性能。

  7. Development of Deflection Prediction Model for Concrete Block Pavement Considering the Block Shapes and Construction Patterns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wuguang Lin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Concrete block pavement (CBP is distinct from typical concrete or asphalt pavements. It is built by using individual blocks with unique construction patterns forming a discrete surface layer to bear traffic loadings. The surface structure of CBP varies depending on the block shapes and construction patterns, so it is hard to apply a general equivalent elastic modulus estimation method to define the surface structural strength. In this study, FEM analysis and dynamic loading test were carried out to develop a deflection prediction model for CBP considering the block shapes and construction patterns. Based on the analysis results, it was found that block shapes did not have much effect on load distribution, whereas construction patterns did. By applying the deflection prediction model to the rutting model for CBP proposed by Sun, the herringbone bond pattern showed the best performance comparing with stretcher bond or basket weave bond pattern. As the load repetition increased to 1.2 million, the rutting depth of CBP constructed by herringbone bond pattern was 2 mm smaller than those constructed by the other two patterns.

  8. Pavement structure mechanics response of flexible on semi-flexible overlay that based on the old cement concrete pavement damage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiang Ruinan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The old cement pavement damage status directly affect the design of the paving renovation. Based on the state of the old road investigation, combined with the research data at home and abroad, use the control index that average deflection, deflection value and CBR value to determine the reasonable time to overlay. Draw up the typical pavement structure according to the principle of combination of old cement pavement overlay structure design, and calculated that the tensile stress and shear stress in asphalt layer ,semi-flexible layer and the tensile in the old cement pavement adopting BISA3.0 statics finite element analysis model when modulus in the old road was diminishing. Use the computed result to analyses the influence of old road damage condition the influence of pavement structure.

  9. The Quality Control of Asphalt Pavement Construction%沥青路面施工质量控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    The quality control of asphalt pavement constru-ction is an important link in the construction of highway proj-ect, is the key to the construction engineering quality. The aut-hor had more time in ten years to engage in the work of the qu-ality control of asphalt pavement construction, realized our cu-rrent level of quality control in asphalt pavement construction is also difficult to adapt to requirements of the design of asph-alt pavement structure, stil need to be improved. Through this article the author discusses how to improve the construction q-uality control of asphalt pavement.%  沥青路面施工质量控制是公路工程施工中的一个重要环节,是决定工程建设质量的关键。笔者十多年来有较多时间从事沥青路面施工质量控制工作,体会到我们目前沥青路面施工的质量控制水平还难以适应沥青路面结构设计要求,还有待提高。笔者通过本文浅谈如何提高沥青路面的施工质量控制工作。

  10. Sensitivity analysis of longitudinal cracking on asphalt pavement using MEPDG in permafrost region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Zhang

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Longitudinal cracking is one of the most important distresses of asphalt pavement in permafrost regions. The sensitivity analysis of design parameters for asphalt pavement can be used to study the influence of every parameter on longitudinal cracking, which can help optimizing the design of the pavement structure. In this study, 20 test sections of Qinghai–Tibet Highway were selected to conduct the sensitivity analysis of longitudinal cracking on material parameter based on Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Guide (MEPDG and single factorial sensitivity analysis method. Some computer aided engineering (CAE simulation techniques, such as the Latin hypercube sampling (LHS technique and the multiple regression analysis are used as auxiliary means. Finally, the sensitivity spectrum of material parameter on longitudinal cracking was established. The result shows the multiple regression analysis can be used to determine the remarkable influence factor more efficiently and to process the qualitative analysis when applying the MEPDG software in sensitivity analysis of longitudinal cracking in permafrost regions. The effect weights of the three parameters on longitudinal cracking in descending order are air void, effective binder content and PG grade. The influence of air void on top layer is bigger than that on middle layer and bottom layer. The influence of effective asphalt content on top layer is bigger than that on middle layer and bottom layer, and the influence of bottom layer is slightly bigger than middle layer. The accumulated value of longitudinal cracking on middle layer and bottom layer in the design life would begin to increase when the design temperature of PG grade increased.

  11. Influential Factors on Deicing Performance of Electrically Conductive Concrete Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Zuquan; QIAN Jueshi; LI Zhuoqiu; WU Chuanming

    2006-01-01

    The deicing experiment of carbon fiber reinforced electrically conductive concrete (CFRC) slab was conducted in laboratory at first, then the deicing process of CFRC pavement was analyzed by means of finite element method (FEM). At last, based on the energy conservation law and the computing results of finite element method, the influential factors including the setting of electric heating layer, environmental temperature, the thickness of ice, material parameters, and deicing power on deicing performance and energy consumption were discussed.

  12. Problems Should Pay Attention to in the Asphalt Pavement Design Method%浅析沥青路面设计方法中应注意的问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝有斌

    2013-01-01

    The design of asphalt pavement is complex system engineering, and it is very difficult to design pavement structu-re reasonable. This paper mainly discusses the measures to sol-ve the problem, and many problems in the design of asphalt p-avement, the current application process. It is helpful to the de-sign of asphalt pavement and cement concrete pavement desi-gn for quality improvement, which can be used for reference.%  沥青路面的设计是一个较为复杂的系统工程,而且很难设计出经济合理的路面结构。本文主要讨论解决这一问题的措施,以及在现行的沥青路面设计、应用过程中的诸多问题。它有助于沥青路面设计和混凝土路面设计质量的提升,可供同行参考。

  13. Development of traffic induced permanent strain in concrete block pavements

    OpenAIRE

    1996-01-01

    Concrete block pavements (c.b.p.) commonly consist of concrete blocks placed over a granular substructure. As a result of wheel load passages permanent strains will slowly develop in the substructure and cause rutting. This paper is about the prediction of the permanent strain development in the substructure and the associated rutting on the basis of the results of repeated load triaxial tests and analytical models. By discussing the behaviour of three c.b.p.'s it is shown that insight into c...

  14. Possibilities of preparation asphalt concrete by oil sands of Kazakhstan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erbol Tileuberdi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the paper physicochemical properties of oil sands of Munayli-Mola deposits and efficient ways to use them for preparing asphalt concrete were represented. For determination of organic part of oil sands the extraction methods were used in Soxhlet apparatus by variety of solvents. It has been established 16 wt.% content of natural bitumen in oil sands, which compared with results of ash content determination. According to results of experiment, the natural bitumen is heavy oil and its characteristics close to characteristics of paving bitumen. The optimum content of oil sands in asphalt mix are 28 and 47 mass %, the mixes prepared under these conditions satisfy standard requirements of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the asphalt mixture ST RK 1225-2003.

  15. Respirable crystalline silica exposures during asphalt pavement milling at eleven highway construction sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammond, Duane R; Shulman, Stanley A; Echt, Alan S

    2016-07-01

    Asphalt pavement milling machines use a rotating cutter drum to remove the deteriorated road surface for recycling. The removal of the road surface has the potential to release respirable crystalline silica, to which workers can be exposed. This article describes an evaluation of respirable crystalline silica exposures to the operator and ground worker from two different half-lane and larger asphalt pavement milling machines that had ventilation dust controls and water-sprays designed and installed by the manufacturers. Manufacturer A completed milling for 11 days at 4 highway construction sites in Wisconsin, and Manufacturer B completed milling for 10 days at 7 highway construction sites in Indiana. To evaluate the dust controls, full-shift personal breathing zone air samples were collected from an operator and ground worker during the course of normal employee work activities of asphalt pavement milling at 11 different sites. Forty-two personal breathing zone air samples were collected over 21 days (sampling on an operator and ground worker each day). All samples were below 50 µg/m(3) for respirable crystalline silica, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health recommended exposure limit. The geometric mean personal breathing zone air sample was 6.2 µg/m(3) for the operator and 6.1 µg/m(3) for the ground worker for the Manufacturer A milling machine. The geometric mean personal breathing zone air sample was 4.2 µg/m(3) for the operator and 9.0 µg/m(3) for the ground worker for the Manufacturer B milling machine. In addition, upper 95% confidence limits for the mean exposure for each occupation were well below 50 µg/m(3) for both studies. The silica content in the bulk asphalt material being milled ranged from 7-23% silica for roads milled by Manufacturer A and from 5-12% silica for roads milled by Manufacturer B. The results indicate that engineering controls consisting of ventilation controls in combination with water-sprays are

  16. Recycling of polyethylene terephthalate (PET plastic bottle wastes in bituminous asphaltic concrete

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adebayo Olatunbosun Sojobi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This research sheds light on the concept of eco-friendly road construction which comprises eco-design, eco-extraction, eco-manufacturing, eco-construction, eco-rehabilitation, eco-maintenance, eco-demolition, and socioeconomic empowerment. It also revealed the challenges being faced in its adoption and the benefits derivable from its application. Furthermore, the effects of recycling PET plastic bottle wastes produced in North Central Nigeria in bituminous asphaltic concrete (BAC used in flexible pavement construction were also evaluated. The mix design consists of 60/70 penetration-grade asphaltic concrete (5%, 68% coarse aggregate, 6% fine aggregate, and 21% filler using the dry process at 170°C. The optimum bitumen content (OBC for conventional BAC was obtained as 4% by weight of total aggregates and filler. Polymer-coated aggregate (PCA-modified BAC seems preferable because it has the potential to utilize more plastic wastes with a higher optimum plastic content (OPC of 16.7% by weight of total aggregates and filler compared to that of 9% by weight of OBC achieved by PMB-BAC. For both PMB- and PCA-modified BAC, an increase in air void, void in mineral aggregate, and Marshall stability were observed. Eco-friendly road construction which recycles PET wastes should be encouraged by government considering its potential environmental and economic benefits.

  17. Aging of Asphalt Symposium, September 17th 2014, Delft, the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    Erkens, S.M.J.G.; Scarpas, A.; Blab, R.; Glaser, R; Glover, C.; Oeser, M.; Porot, L.; Soenen, H.

    2015-01-01

    Technical specifications for the asphalt concrete properties are developed to be able to specify mixtures that will perform well in pavement applications. Being able to identify and determine properties related to pavement performance in practice is crucial for both road authorities and contractors, since it allows for design and risk management by determining design life times and reliability. However, the properties of Asphalt Concrete (AC) change over its lifetime and since most pavement l...

  18. 高速公路沥青路面病害分析%Analysis on highway asphalt pavement disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宏伟

    2012-01-01

    针对高速公路沥青路面中常见的沉陷、水毁、裂缝等病害进行了分析,阐述了各种病害产生的原因,指出沥青路面产生病害既有设计方面的原因,也有施工方面的原因,所以应优化设计,并加强施工管理,以提高沥青路面使用性能。%This article analyzes the settlement,water damage,and cracks and other diseases on highway asphalt pavement,describes causes of diseases,and points out the causes of asphalt pavement diseases in both design and construction aspect.So the design should be optimized,and the construction management should be enhanced,so as to improve the asphalt pavement performance.

  19. Reuse of Lathe Waste Steel Scrap in Concrete Pavements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pooja Shrivastavaa

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available These project works assess on the study of the workability and mechanical strength properties of the concrete reinforced with industrialized waste fibers or the recycled fibers. In each lathe industries wastes are available in form of steel scraps are yield by the lathe machines in process of finishing of different machines parts and dumping of these wastes in the barren soil contaminating the soil and ground water that builds an unhealthy environment. Now a day’s these steel scraps as a waste products used by innovative construction industry and also in transportation and highway industry. In addition to get sustainable progress and environmental remuneration, lathe scrap as worn-recycle fibers with concrete are likely to be used. When the steel scrap reinforced in concrete it acquire a term; fiber reinforced concrete and steel fibers in concrete defined as steel fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC.Different experimental studies are done to identify about fresh and hardened concrete properties of steel scrap fiber reinforced concrete (SSFRC and their mechanical properties are found to be increase due to the addition of steel scrap in concrete i.e. compressive strength, flexural strength, impact strength, fatigue strength and split tensile strength were increased but up to 0.5-2% scrap content . When compared with usual concrete to SSFRC, flexural strength increases by 40% and considerable increases in tensile and compressive strength. These steel scrap also aid to improve the shrinkage reduction, cracking resistance i.e. preventing crack propagation and modulus of elasticity. The workability of fresh SSFRC are carried out by using slump test but it restricted to less scrap contents. This work focuses on the enhancement of structural strength and improvement in fatigue life of concrete pavements by reuse of scrap steel in concrete. These concrete roads with SSFRC promises an appreciably eminent design life, offer superior serviceability and

  20. Effect of Carbon Nanofiber on Mechanical Behavior of Asphalt Concrete

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeed Ghaffarpour Jahromi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Uses of fibers to improve material properties have a scientific background in recent years in civil engineering. Use of Nanofiber reinforcement of materials refers to incorporating materials with desired properties within some other materials lacking those properties. Use of fibers for improvement is not a new phenomenon as the technique of fiber-reinforced bitumen began as early as 1950, but using nanofiber is a new idea. In this research the mechanical properties of asphalt mixture that have been modified with carbon nanofiber were investigated using mechanical tests, which can improve the performance of flexible pavements. To evaluate the effect of nanofiber contents on bituminous mixtures, laboratory investigations were carried out on the samples with and without nanofibers. During the course of this study, various tests were undertaken applying the Marshall test, indirect tensile test, resistance to fatigue cracking by using repeated load indirect tensile test and creep test. Carbon nanofiber exhibited consistency in results and it was observed that the addition of nanofiber can change the properties of bituminous mixtures, increase its stability and decrease the flow value. Results indicate that nanofiber have the potential to resist structural distress in the pavement and thus improve fatigue by increasing resistance to cracks or permanent deformation, when growing traffic loads. On the whole, the results show that the addition of carbon nanofiber will improve some of the mechanical properties such as fatigue and deformation in the flexible pavement.

  1. The Effect of High RAP and High Asphalt Binder Content on the Dynamic Modulus and Fatigue Resistance of Asphalt Concrete

    OpenAIRE

    Tomlinson, Christopher

    2013-01-01

    This thesis investigates the effects of using various percentages of RAP and asphalt binder contents on the dynamic modulus and fatigue resistance of asphalt concrete. Two RAP percentages (20% and 40%) and three binder percentages (plant-mixed, plant-mixed + 0.5%, and plant-mixed + 1.0%) were evaluated. A Superpave gyratory compactor and an asphalt vibratory compactor were used to prepare dynamic modulus samples and fatigue beam samples at 7% air voids. Three replicate samples for each percen...

  2. Possibilities of preparation asphalt concrete by oil sands of Kazakhstan

    OpenAIRE

    Erbol Tileuberdi; Yerdos Ongarbayev; F. Behrendt; Schneider, I.; Yerzhan Imanbayev; B. Tuleutayev; Yerlan Doszhanov; Zulkhair Mansurov

    2012-01-01

    In the paper physicochemical properties of oil sands of Munayli-Mola deposits and efficient ways to use them for preparing asphalt concrete were represented. For determination of organic part of oil sands the extraction methods were used in Soxhlet apparatus by variety of solvents. It has been established 16 wt.% content of natural bitumen in oil sands, which compared with results of ash content determination. According to results of experiment, the natural bitumen is heavy oil and its charac...

  3. On the Conservation and Recycled Asphalt Pavement%论沥青路面的养护与再生

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩建忠

    2014-01-01

    简要论述了沥青路面养护和再生的方法,并介绍了国内外沥青路面的养护和再生情况,以期为相关单位提供较为全面的参考。%This paper discusses the asphalt pavement maintenance and regeneration methods, and describes the conservation and regeneration of asphalt pavement at home and abroad, in order to provide a more comprehensive reference for relevant units.

  4. Full-Depth Pavement Reclamation with Foamed Asphalt: First-Level Analysis Report on HVS Testing on State Route 89

    OpenAIRE

    Theyse, Hecter; Long, Fenella; Jones, David; Harvey, John T

    2006-01-01

    This report focuses on the HVS testing of a foamed asphalt treated, reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) on State Route 89 near Sierraville. The report discusses the expected behavior of the HVS test sections, presents the results from field surveys done during June 2003, October 2003 and May 2004 as well as the 1st level analysis of HVS results from the test site. Results from field surveys done prior to, during and after HVS testing show that the pavement structure of the HVS test sections on S...

  5. Influence of Polyethylene Glycol on Asphaltic Concrete for Cubical and Rod shaped Aggregates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    U. Arun Kumar

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Aggregates are the principle material in pavement construction. Conventional road aggregates in India are natural aggregates obtained by crushing rocks. Aggregate characteristics such as particle size, shape, and texture etc.., influence the performance and serviceability of pavement. Pavements laid with polymer modified asphalt exhibits greater resistance to rutting, thermal cracking and fatigue damages and hence these were used at locations of higher stress. The present work concentrates on aggregate characteristics which include the shape indices. The particle shapes namely Cubical and Rod are being used in the study. The study shows the behavior of the two shapes of aggregate in terms of Penetration, Ductility, Softening Point and Marshall Stability tests with varying percentages of asphalt and also with varying the percentages of PEG. The results of unmodified asphalt mix are compared with the modified asphalt mix against some critical Marshall Mix parameters.

  6. Performance Evaluation of Crumb Rubber Modified Stone Mastic Asphalt Pavement in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuha Salim Mashaan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available To prevent pavement distresses there are various solutions such as adopting new mix designs or utilisation of asphalt additives. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effect of adding crumb tyre rubber as an additive to SMA mixture performance properties. This study investigated the essential aspects of modified asphalt mixtures in order to better understand the influence of CRM modifiers on volumetric, mechanical, and stiffness properties of SMA mixture. In this study, virgin bitumen 80/100 penetration grade was used, modified with crumb rubber (CRM at five different modification levels, namely, 6%, 12%, 16%, and 20%, respectively, by weight of the bitumen. The appropriate amount of the added CRM was found to be 12% by weight of bitumen. This percentage results in the maximum level of stability. The resilient modulus (Mr of modified SMA samples including different percentages of CRM was obviously higher in comparison with that of unmodified samples.

  7. Porous concrete mixtures for pervious urban pavements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castro, J.

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to analyze the hydraulic and mechanical behaviour of a series of roller-compacted, laboratory porous concrete mixtures. The mix design variables examined were the actual void ratio in the hardened concrete and the water/cement ratio. From these results the better dosages from the mechanical and hydraulical behaviour point of view were determined. One of the designs developed was found to exhibit excellent hydraulic capacity and 20% greater strength than the mixtures recommended in the literature. Moreover, concrete with an actual void ratio of only 14% was observed to meet permeability requirements. Maximum flexural strength of concretes with different w/c ratios was achieved with a cement paste content of 250 l/m3. Relationships were found between the void ratio and both 28-day concrete permeability and flexural strength. Finally, the doses exhibiting the best mechanical and hydraulic performance were identified.El trabajo realizado en este estudio consistió en analizar el comportamiento de diferentes dosificaciones de mezclas de hormigón poroso, fabricadas en laboratorio y compactadas con rodillo pesado para simular las condiciones de terreno. Las variables consideradas para el diseño de las mezclas fueron el porcentaje real de huecos en el hormigón endurecido y la razón agua/cemento. A partir de estos resultados se determinaron las dosificaciones que presentan mejor comportamiento desde el punto de vista mecánico e hidráulico. Los resultados muestran que existe una dosificación de hormigón poroso, distinta a las encontradas actualmente en la literatura internacional, que permite obtener resistencias hasta 20% más altas, manteniendo todavía una excelente capacidad hidráulica. Se determinó que una permeabilidad suficiente se puede obtener con un porcentaje real de huecos de 14%, y que agregar pasta de cemento en una proporción de 250 l/m3 permite maximizar la resistencia a flexotracción de hormigones que

  8. Multiscale imaging and characterization of the effect of mixing temperature on asphalt concrete containing recycled components.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavalli, M C; Griffa, M; Bressi, S; Partl, M N; Tebaldi, G; Poulikakos, L D

    2016-10-01

    When producing asphalt concrete mixture with high amounts of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP), the mixing temperature plays a significant role in the resulting spatial distribution of the components as well as on the quality of the resulting mixture, in terms of workability during mixing and compaction as well as in service mechanical properties. Asphalt concrete containing 50% RAP was investigated at mixing temperatures of 140, 160 and 180°C, using a multiscale approach. At the microscale, using energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy the RAP binder film thickness was visualized and measured. It was shown that at higher mixing temperatures this film thickness was reduced. The reduction in film thickness can be attributed to the loss of volatiles as well as the mixing of RAP binder with virgin binder at higher temperatures. X-ray computer tomography was used to characterize statistically the distribution of the RAP and virgin aggregates geometric features: volume, width and shape anisotropy. In addition using X-ray computer tomography, the packing and spatial distribution of the RAP and virgin aggregates was characterized using the nearest neighbour metric. It was shown that mixing temperature may have a positive effect on the spatial distribution of the aggregates but did not affect the packing. The study shows a tendency for the RAP aggregates to be more likely distributed in clusters at lower mixing temperatures. At higher temperatures, they were more homogeneously distributed. This indicates a higher degree of blending both at microscale (binder film) and macroscale (spatial distribution) between RAP and virgin aggregates as a result of increasing mixing temperatures and the ability to quantify this using various imaging techniques.

  9. Experimental evaluation of high performance base course and road base asphalt concrete with electric arc furnace steel slags.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasetto, Marco; Baldo, Nicola

    2010-09-15

    The paper presents the results of a laboratory study aimed at verifying the use of two types of electric arc furnace (EAF) steel slags as substitutes for natural aggregates, in the composition of base course and road base asphalt concrete (BBAC) for flexible pavements. The trial was composed of a preliminary study of the chemical, physical, mechanical and leaching properties of the EAF steel slags, followed by the mix design and performance characterization of the bituminous mixes, through gyratory compaction tests, permanent deformation tests, stiffness modulus tests at various temperatures, fatigue tests and indirect tensile strength tests. All the mixtures with EAF slags presented better mechanical characteristics than those of the corresponding asphalts with natural aggregate and satisfied the requisites for acceptance in the Italian road sector technical standards, thus resulting as suitable for use in road construction.

  10. The Control of Key Processes of 2000 Type Asphaltic Concrete Mixer%2000型沥青混凝土拌和机关键工序的控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王磊

    2014-01-01

    The quality of asphalt mixtures has direct influence on the quality of asphalt concrete pavement. This paper analyzes the structure and working principles of 2000 type asphaltic concrete mixer, and probes into the control measures for its main components and key processes in the production of asphalt mixtures cor exercising strict control of the quality of asphalt mixtures.%沥青混合料质量的好坏直接影响沥青混凝土路面的质量。分析了2000型沥青混凝土拌和机的结构与工作原理,探讨了在生产沥青混合料的过程中各主要部件和关键工序的控制措施,以达到沥青混合料质量的严格控制。

  11. Specifications and Construction Methods for Asphalt Concrete and Other Plant-Mix Types, 3rd Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asphalt Inst., College Park, MD.

    The purpose of this publication is to assist engineers in the analysis, design and control of paving projects that use asphalt concrete and other asphalt plant-mixes. The scope of this new third edition has been enlarged, and changes necessitated by advances in asphalt technology have been incorporated. Chapters I and II and Appendices A and B…

  12. Road Performance of Drainage Asphalt Pavement%排水沥青路面的路用性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连艳霞

    2014-01-01

    Drainage asphalt pavement has features such as drainage, anti-slip and noise reduction. It can greatly improve driving safety and reduce the incidence of traffic accidents. In order to study its road per-formance, contrast tests on road performance of mixtures with different types of gradation, different as-phalt as well as same gradation types, different asphalt are conducted. The result shows that polymer modi-fied asphalt has better high temperature performance and dynamic viscosity than asphalt A and drainage asphalt pavement has excellent road performance than OGFC asphalt mixture.%排水沥青路面具有排水、防滑和降噪等功能,可提高行车安全性,降低交通事故率。为研究其路用性能,通过进行不同级配类型、不同沥青和相同级配类型、不同沥青的混合料路用性能的对比试验,结果表明,聚合物复合改性沥青的高低温性能及动力黏度优于高黏沥青A,排水沥青路面混合料路用性能优于开级配OGFC混合料的路用性能。

  13. Evaluation of Colemanite Waste as Aggregate Hot Mix Asphalt Concrete

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nihat MOROVA

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study usability of waste colemanite which is obtained after cutting block colemanite for giving proper shape to blocks as an aggregate in hot mix asphalt. For this aim asphalt concrete samples were prepared with four different aggregate groups and optimum bitumen content was determined. First of all only limestone was used as an aggregate. After that, only colemanite aggregate was used with same aggregate gradation. Then, the next step of the study, Marshall samples were produced by changing coarse and fine aggregate gradation as limestone and colemanite and Marshall test were conducted. When evaluated the results samples which produced with only limestone aggregate gave the maximum Marshall Stability value. When handled other mixture groups (Only colemanite, colemanite as coarse aggregate-limestone as fine aggregate, colemanite as fine aggregate-limestone as coarse aggregate all groups were verified specification limits. As a result, especially in areas where there is widespread colemanite waste, if transportation costs did not exceed the cost of limestone, colemanite stone waste could be used instead of limestone in asphalt concrete mixtures as fine aggregate

  14. Polymer concrete for precast repair of continuously reinforced concrete pavement on IH 30, near Mt. Pleasant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, A. M.; McCullough, B. F.; Fowler, D. W.

    1981-08-01

    Two punchout repairs made in a continuously reinforced concrete pavement (CRCP) using precast portland cement panels are described. The two repairs, one 1.44 sq. ft., the other 36 sq. ft., were completed and opened to traffic in one afternoon. This technique provides a rapid method of repair that produces a repair that is structurally as good or better than the surrounding pavement. With a trained crew, the repair time can be reduced and thus reducing lane closure time. Since lane closure time is a critical consideration in high volume highways, this method is cost effective in those areas.

  15. Artificial intelligence modeling to evaluate field performance of photocatalytic asphalt pavement for ambient air purification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asadi, Somayeh; Hassan, Marwa; Nadiri, Ataallah; Dylla, Heather

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, the application of titanium dioxide (TiO₂) as a photocatalyst in asphalt pavement has received considerable attention for purifying ambient air from traffic-emitted pollutants via photocatalytic processes. In order to control the increasing deterioration of ambient air quality, urgent and proper risk assessment tools are deemed necessary. However, in practice, monitoring all process parameters for various operating conditions is difficult due to the complex and non-linear nature of air pollution-based problems. Therefore, the development of models to predict air pollutant concentrations is very useful because it can provide early warnings to the population and also reduce the number of measuring sites. This study used artificial neural network (ANN) and neuro-fuzzy (NF) models to predict NOx concentration in the air as a function of traffic count (Tr) and climatic conditions including humidity (H), temperature (T), solar radiation (S), and wind speed (W) before and after the application of TiO₂ on the pavement surface. These models are useful for modeling because of their ability to be trained using historical data and because of their capability for modeling highly non-linear relationships. To build these models, data were collected from a field study where an aqueous nano TiO₂ solution was sprayed on a 0.2-mile of asphalt pavement in Baton Rouge, LA. Results of this study showed that the NF model provided a better fitting to NOx measurements than the ANN model in the training, validation, and test steps. Results of a parametric study indicated that traffic level, relative humidity, and solar radiation had the most influence on photocatalytic efficiency.

  16. Choosing mineral carrier of nanoscale additives for asphalt concrete

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inozemtsev Sergey Sergeevich

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available At present time the operation life of the majority of roads is essentially shorter than required. The reason for it is the increase in traffic intensity and axle loads of automobile transport. The obvious reasons for early wear of roads are the low quality of the components used and low industrial standards while producing asphalt pavement. In this paper the mineral material was selected as a carrier of nanoscale additives for asphalt. The optimal modes for grinding mineral materials were identified, which provide correspondence of their structure parameters with the developed model. The influence of different mineral nanomodifier carriers on the structure formation processes was estimated. It is shown that among a number of mineral materials diatomite has high activity in relation to the bitumen, because it has a highly porous structure. It is also shown that as a result of lighter fractions of bitumen adsorption on the border of phase interface, diatomite and bitumen changes from the free state to the film, and solvate shell of bitumen is saturated with asphaltenes. With the help of IR spectroscopy the authors defined the nature of the diatomite and bitumen interaction and proved that in the process of their interaction there occurs physical adsorption with additional absorption of bitumen components into the pore space of diatomite grains.

  17. 分析沥青路面的再生利用%Analysis of the Recycled Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭杨武

    2013-01-01

    This article mainly analyzes the application status of old asphalt pavement recycling and elaborates the principl-e, then makes some discussion on the asphalt recycling techno-logy to provide some asphalt pavement recycling worth learn-ing approaches for the sake of our country.%本文主要分析了旧沥青路面再生的应用现状,并且阐述了沥青路面再生的原理,从而对沥青再生技术进行了一些讨论,为求给我国的沥青路面再生提供一些值得借鉴的方法。

  18. ESTIMATION OF THE CONCRETE PAVEMENT TEMPERATURE FIELDS AND THEIR GRADIENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. K. Pshembaev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The heat fluxes impact on the road-dressing concrete surfacing under different regions climatic conditions of the construction and maintenance dramatically degrades their solidity, corroding-, shiftingand frost-resistance, and ultimately – the service durability. The source of deformation processes is the character of the gradient temperature fields in the road dressing materials developing with both protracted (static and short run (dynamic heat-and-mass impacts that forward destruction of the pavement surface layers being in contact with free air. In addition, pulsating hydrodynamic pressures appear in the pores of moisture-laden pavement as a result of the vehicular traffic that foster material structure disruption of the surface layers leading to irreversible deformation incipiency (cracks etc.. The authors report of developing a С++ computer program for temperature and gradient fields engineering evaluations of the road dressings made of materials with various surfacing and free-air thermophysical characteristics in line with boundary conditions of the 3rd kind for semi-bounded body. The paper presents the evaluation results in form of graphical curves of the temperature allocation along the surfacing thickness as function of its initial temperature and thermophysical characteristics of the concrete

  19. Performances and Durability of Asphalt Mixtures Made with Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement

    OpenAIRE

    Noferini, Luca

    2016-01-01

    According to most recent surveys, 265 mil tonnes of asphalt for road applications were produced in the European area in 2014. In the same year, the amount of available RAP was more than 50 mil tonnes. The use of RAP in new blended mixes reduces the need of neat bitumen, making RAP recycling economically attractive. In spite of its economic and environmental benefits, the use of RAP is often subjected to restrictive policies pursued by agencies due to uncertainty related to RAP mixes field per...

  20. 投稿须知%Construction Technology for Fast-Track Concrete Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, one of new contents: construction technology for fast-track concrete pavement is introduced in 《Technical Specification for Construction of Highway Cement Concrete Pavements》 (JTG F30) which is revised in 2010 in order to not only provide high-quality and long-lasting life, but also reduce the time of engineering in the new construction, reconstruction and resurfacing maintain of cement concrete pavements, to quickly and early open public traffic, and to reduce traffic interruptions.

  1. Effects of asphalt rejuvenator on thermal and mechanical properties on oxidized hot mixed asphalt pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farace, Nicholas A.; Buttlar, William G.; Reis, Henrique

    2016-04-01

    The utilization of asphalt rejuvenator, and its effectiveness for restoring thermal and mechanical properties was investigated via Disk-shaped Compact Tension (DC(T)) and acoustic emission (AE) testing for determining mechanical properties and embrittlement temperatures of the mixtures. During the DC(T) testing the fracture energies and peak loads were used to measure the resistance of the rejuvenated asphalt to low temperature cracking. The AE testing monitored the acoustic emission activity while the specimens were cooled from room temperature to -40 °C to estimate the temperature at which thermal cracking began (i.e. the embrittlement temperature). First, a baseline response was obtained by obtaining the mechanical and thermal response of virgin HMA samples and HMA samples that had been exposed to oxidative aging for 36 hours at 135°C. The results showed the virgin samples had much higher peak loads and fracture energies than the 36 hours aged samples. Acoustic Emission showed similar results with the virgin samples having embrittlement temperatures 10 °C cooler than the 36 hours aged specimens. Then, overaged for 36 hours specimens were treated different amounts of rejuvenator (10%, 15%, and 20% by weight of binder content) and left to dwell for increased amount of time periods varying from one to eight weeks. It was observed that the AE results showed an improvement of embrittlement temperature with increasing with the dwell times. The 8 weeks specimens had cooler embrittlement temperatures than the virgin specimens. Finally, the low temperature effects on fracture energy and peak load of the rejuvenated asphalt was investigated. Rejuvenator was applied (10% by weight of binder) to specimens aged 36 hours at 135 °C, and the dwell time was varied from 1 to 4 weeks. The results showed that the peak loads were restored to levels of the virgin specimens, and the fracture energies improved to levels beyond that of the virgin specimens. The results also showed a

  2. Cooler reflective pavements give benefits beyond energy savings: durability and illumination

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pomerantz, Melvin; Akbari, Hashem; Harvey, John T.

    2000-06-01

    City streets are usually paved with asphalt concrete because this material gives good service and is relatively inexpensive to construct and maintain. We show that making asphalt pavements cooler, by increasing their reflection of sunlight, may lead to longer lifetime of the pavement, lower initial costs of the asphalt binder, and savings on street lighting and signs. Excessive glare due to the whiter surface is not likely to be a problem.

  3. The Dependence of Physical Mechanical Properties of Concrete Pavement Blocks on Coarse Aggregate Type

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malaiškienė Jurgita

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to determine the dependences of the physical mechanical properties of vibropressed concrete (pavement blocks on the type of coarse aggregate used in the main layer. Sustainability of concrete pavement blocks is a really important matter. Five different batches of pavement blocks were produced, changing the consistence ratio of coarse aggregate in the main layer. There are two types of course aggregate: crushed gravel and granite. The consistence of a facing layer was not changed. All tests: density, tensile split strength, water absorption for vibro-pressed concrete units were made according to EN 1338:2003+AC2006.

  4. Preparation of capsules containing rejuvenators for their use in asphalt concrete.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García, Alvaro; Schlangen, Erik; van de Ven, Martin; Sierra-Beltrán, Guadalupe

    2010-12-15

    Every year, there is a demand of more than 110 million metric tons of asphalt all around the world. This represents a huge amount of money and energy, from which a good part is for the preservation and renovation of the existing pavements. The problem of asphalt is that it oxidizes with time and therefore its beneficial properties disappear. Traditionally, rejuvenators spread in the road surface, are used to restore the original properties of the pavement. The problem is that, for a rejuvenator to be successful, it must penetrate the pavement surface. Furthermore, application of a rejuvenator will reduce the skid resistance of the pavement and, besides, rejuvenators have many aromatic compounds that can be harmful for the environment. To solve these problems this paper introduces a new concept in road construction: encapsulated rejuvenators. The basic principle is that when the stress in capsules embedded in the asphalt reaches a certain threshold value, the capsules break and some rejuvenator is released, restoring the original properties of the pavement. This paper will show how to prepare such capsules and how to determine their characteristics. This is one of the first steps towards intelligent pavements.

  5. Research on Structure Combination of Long Life Asphalt Pavement%长寿命沥青路面结构组合分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高曙光; 武庆锋

    2012-01-01

    The paper advanced 3 indexes for the design of long life asphalt pavements: maximal tension strain at the bottom of asphalt pavement, maximal compression strain at the top of subgrade and rutting depth of asphalt pavements. Afterwards, it analyzed 5 long We asphalt pavement structures, including long life asphalt pavements with flexible base and long life asphalt pavements with semi-rigid base, and real parameters were used in the analysis. Finally, checking computations of the design indexes were done based on the results. The analysis indicated that, the location of maximum tension strain of long life asphalt pavements with semi-rigid base is near the top of asphalt pavement, but the location of maximum tension strain of long life asphalt pavements with flexible base is at the bottom of asphalt pavement; and the shear stress distribution is also different in the 2 kinds of pavements.%提出了寿命沥青路面的设计指标:沥青层底最大拉应变、土基顶面最大压应变及考虑路面抗剪能力的路面结构车辙深度;同时采用三维有限元方法对半刚性基层及柔性基层两种形式的长寿路面结构进行分析,分析中材料参数采用路面各结构层的实测结构模量,最后根据力学分析结果对拟定结构的设计指标进行验算.分析结果表明,半刚性基层长寿路面最大拉应变发生在沥青层硕面附近,而柔性基层路面最大拉应变出现在沥青层底面,剪应力在两种形式长寿路面中的分布形式也有很大差别.

  6. Laboratory and field evaluation of hot mix asphalt with high contents of reclaimed asphalt pavement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Winkle, Clinton Isaac

    Currently in Iowa, the amount of RAP materials allowed for the surface layer is limited to 15% by weight. The objective of this project was to develop quality standards for inclusion of RAP content higher than 15% in asphalt mixtures. To meet Superpave mix design requirements, it was necessary to fractionate the RAP materials. Based on the extensive sieve-by-sieve analysis of RAP materials, the optimum sieve size to fractionate RAP materials was identified. To determine if the higher percentage of RAP materials than 15% can be used in Iowa's state highway, three test sections with 30.0%, 35.5% and 39.2% of RAP materials were constructed on Highway 6 in Iowa City. The construction of the field test sections was monitored and the cores were obtained to measure field densities of test sections. Field mixtures collected from test sections were compacted in the laboratory in order to test the moisture sensitivity using a Hamburg Wheel Tracking Device. The binder was extracted from the field mixtures with varying amounts of RAP materials and tested to determine the effects of RAP materials on the PG grade of a virgin binder. Field cores were taken from the various mix designs to determine the percent density of each test section. A condition survey of the test sections was then performed to evaluate the short-term performance.

  7. Discussion on Quality Control Standard of Asphalt Pavement Compaction Degree%沥青路面压实度的质量控制标准探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    穆秀雯; 龚莉; 张锦生

    2011-01-01

    以依七高速公路沥青路面施工为依托,对沥青混凝土路面压实度的质量控制标准进行了探讨。结果表明:采用马歇尔标准密度和最大理论相对密度双重标准进行控制,能够真实、有效的反映路面实际压实情况。当芯样空隙率大于设计空隙率4.12%时,以马歇尔试件为标准密度计算的压实度值可能出现超百假象,此时试件不能真实的反映沥青路面的压实状态,因此建议按照两项质量控制标准相一致的原则,通过数理统计的方法对K1值进行线性回归,用回归后的压实K′2度表示此时的压实度。%Based on the asphalt pavement construction of Yi-lan and Qi tai-he highway, quality control standards on compaction degree of asphalt concrete pavement was discussed. Results show that, with double standards of Marshall standard density and the theoretical maximum relative density, the actual compaction condition of pavement can be truly and effectively reflected. When a core sample porosity is 4. 12% greater than design porosity, the compaction degree value calculated by Marshall specimens may shows a false illusion of over one hundred, which can not truly reflect the real compaction state of the asphalt pavement. Therefore, it is recommended to calculate the compaction degree with the principle of two quality control standards be consistent with each other. Through the method of mathematical statistics, linear regression can be conducted to K1 , and the compaction degree of K′2 after regression is the real value.

  8. Performance of RAP in the System of Cold Inplace Recycling of Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA Baoguo; WANG Haifeng; WEI Dingbang

    2011-01-01

    The property of reclaimed asphalt pavement(RAP) mixture will be affected mainly by composition of old asphalt/soil and cement content in CIR system.We studied the relationship between A/S and cementitious materials.It showed that if there was no soil in RAP,the unconfined compressive strength was only from 0.18 MPa to 1.07 MPa even if adding cement was from 2% to 6%,and RAP samples collapsed during conserving in water.The optimum water content rose from 6.5% to 11% with the declining of A/S from S=0 to A/S=1/5.Five RAP samples all got the maximum compressive strength when A/S=5/5,and the maximum compressive strength of the samples adding 6% cement was 3.17 MPa.It showed that the capacity of RAP was not only affected by A/S,but also by the content of cement.The dynamic modulus of RAP will increase with the rise of loading frequency and decrease with the temperature rising.SEM test showed that C-S-H interlacing formed the netted structure,and it enwrapped the aggregate and improved the strength of RAP.

  9. Assessment of Asphalt Concrete Reinforcement Grid in Flexible Pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-01

    consistently reached the maxi - mum 100 CBR, or the equivalent of a crushed limestone material. ERDC/CRREL TR-16-7 27 The depth of DCP penetration...appeared to be a weak correlation between the ISM value and the presence of grid reinforcement in the test sections. This relationship did not

  10. Epoxy asphalt concrete paving on the deck of long-span steel bridges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Wei; QIAN Zhendong; CHEN Gang; YANG Jun

    2003-01-01

    It is the first systematic research in the world on the composition design of epoxy asphalt concrete as pav- ing material. Material characteristics and service perform- ance of mixture, fatigue resistance characteristics of epoxy asphalt concrete by the fatigue test of complex beam have also been described. This research indicates that epoxy asphalt concrete is a good type of paving material. Research results have been applied successfully in the paving of steel deck of the Second Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge (SNYRB). It provides a new paving type for long-span steel bridges of China and has a bright application prospect.

  11. Recycled asphalt pavement - fly ash geopolymers as a sustainable pavement base material: Strength and toxic leaching investigations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoy, Menglim; Horpibulsuk, Suksun; Rachan, Runglawan; Chinkulkijniwat, Avirut; Arulrajah, Arul

    2016-12-15

    In this research, a low-carbon stabilization method was studied using Recycled Asphalt Pavement (RAP) and Fly Ash (FA) geopolymers as a sustainable pavement material. The liquid alkaline activator (L) is a mixture of sodium silicate (Na2SiO3) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH), and high calcium FA is used as a precursor to synthesize the FA-RAP geopolymers. Unconfined Compressive Strength (UCS) of RAP-FA blend and RAP-FA geopolymer are investigated and compared with the requirement of the national road authorities of Thailand. The leachability of the heavy metals is measured by Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) and compared with international standards. The Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analysis of RAP-FA blend indicates the Calcium Aluminate (Silicate) Hydrate (C-A-S-H) formation, which is due to a reaction between the high calcium in RAP and high silica and alumina in FA. The low geopolymerization products (N-A-S-H) of RAP-FA geopolymer at NaOH/Na2SiO3=100:0 are detected at the early 7days of curing, hence its UCS is lower than that of RAP-FA blend. The 28-day UCS of RAP-FA geopolymers at various NaOH/Na2SiO3 ratios are significantly higher than that of the RAP-FA blend, which can be attributed to the development of geopolymerization reactions. With the input of Na2SiO3, the highly soluble silica from Na2SiO3 reacted with leached silica and alumina from FA and RAP and with free calcium from FA and RAP; hence the coexistence of N-A-S-H gel and C-A-S-H products. Therefore, the 7-day UCS values of RAP-FA geopolymers increase with decreasing NaOH/Na2SiO3 ratio. TCLP results demonstrated that there is no environmental risk for both RAP-FA blends and RAP-FA geopolymers in road construction. The geopolymer binder reduces the leaching of heavy metal in RAP-FA mixture. The outcomes from this research will promote the move toward increased applications of recycled materials in a sustainable manner in road construction.

  12. Basics of a Good Road - Concrete Pavements: Road Scholar Program Part I

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    This 3-hour course will provide the basic knowledge needed to design, build, and maintain concrete pavements at a local level. Attendees will hear industry experts discuss the many applications for concrete pavements in our industry and the emerging innovations in the field of mix designs and maintenance. Attendees will receive core course credit for core course #6: Basics of a Good Road. Attendees who have already attended this core course will receive 3 Road Scholar points.

  13. Basics of a Good Road - Concrete Pavements: Road Scholar Program Part II

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    This 3-hour course will provide the basic knowledge needed to design, build, and maintain concrete pavements at a local level. Attendees will hear industry experts discuss the many applications for concrete pavements in our industry and the emerging innovations in the field of mix designs and maintenance. Attendees will receive core course credit for core course #6: Basics of a Good Road. Attendees who have already attended this core course will receive 3 Road Scholar points.

  14. Development of Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design for Tropical Climate Using Cement-Treated Base Layer

    OpenAIRE

    Aderinola, O.S

    2016-01-01

    A mechanistic-empirical pavement design method is developed characterising cement-treated base layers for pavement design in Nigeria or other similar tropical and subtropical countries. Asphalt Concrete surface, Subbase and Aggregate base were characterised based on back calculation data from Claros et al (1986) while cement-treated base layer was based on modulus tests that had been conducted by past researchers. Failure criteria for the Asphalt Concrete fatigue failure and the s...

  15. Utilize Cementitious High Carbon Fly Ash (CHCFA) to Stabilize Cold In-Place Recycled (CIR) Asphalt Pavement as Base Coarse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wen, Haifang; Li, Xiaojun; Edil, Tuncer; O' Donnell, Jonathan; Danda, Swapna

    2011-02-05

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of cementitious high carbon fly ash (CHCFA) stabilized recycled asphalt pavement as a base course material in a real world setting. Three test road cells were built at MnROAD facility in Minnesota. These cells have the same asphalt surface layers, subbases, and subgrades, but three different base courses: conventional crushed aggregates, untreated recycled pavement materials (RPM), and CHCFA stabilized RPM materials. During and after the construction of the three cells, laboratory and field tests were carried out to characterize the material properties. The test results were used in the mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide (MEPDG) to predict the pavement performance. Based on the performance prediction, the life cycle analyses of cost, energy consumption, and greenhouse gasses were performed. The leaching impacts of these three types of base materials were compared. The laboratory and field tests showed that fly ash stabilized RPM had higher modulus than crushed aggregate and RPM did. Based on the MEPDG performance prediction, the service life of the Cell 79 containing fly ash stabilized RPM, is 23.5 years, which is about twice the service life (11 years) of the Cell 77 with RPM base, and about three times the service life (7.5 years) of the Cell 78 with crushed aggregate base. The life cycle analysis indicated that the usage of the fly ash stabilized RPM as the base of the flexible pavement can significantly reduce the life cycle cost, the energy consumption, the greenhouse gases emission. Concentrations of many trace elements, particularly those with relatively low water quality standards, diminish over time as water flows through the pavement profile. For many elements, concentrations below US water drinking water quality standards are attained at the bottom of the pavement profile within 2-4 pore volumes of flow.

  16. 半刚性基层沥青路面常见病害分析%Analysis of semi-rigid base asphalt pavement diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晗

    2011-01-01

    半刚性基层沥青路面是国内应用最广泛的路面类型。沥青路面受施工水平、路基强度、温度变化、水损害、交通量增长及超限车辆等因素的影响,易出现多种病害。本文分析了沥青路面常见病害及其形成原因,并提出了减少沥青路面病害的预防措施,为沥青路面养护提供决策依据。%Asphalt pavement with semi-rigid base is the most national widely used type of pavement. Subgrade of asphalt pavement many occur many diseases under the influence of construction level, strength, temperature changes, moisture damage, traffic growth and oversize vehicles. This article analyses the common diseases of asphalt pavement and its causes, and suggests reducing asphalt pavement disease prevention measures for asphalt pavement maintenance decision-making basis.

  17. Evaluation of the Pavement Quality Indicator (PQI for the on-site density measurement of asphalt emulsion mixes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez-Echevarría, M. J.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The Pavement Quality Indicator (PQI is a non-nuclear gauge used for the on-site density measurement of asphalt pavements without the need to extract core samples. Previous studies of hot asphalt mixes found that PQI density readings were very similar to laboratory density measurements of pavement cores. This paper describes the first stage of a research project whose objective is to analyze PQI density measurements of mixes manufactured with an asphalt emulsion binder. The PQI density variability for such mixes was verified and compared with the results obtained with other on-site methods for measuring pavement density.

    El equipo Pavement Quality Indicator es un dispositivo para la determinación de densidad in situ en pavimentos asfálticos sin extracción de testigos. Las experiencias con este equipo en mezclas bituminosas en caliente, recogidas en diferentes fuentes bibliográficas, muestran que las densidades medidas in situ con el PQI son muy similares a las obtenidas mediante la extracción de testigos. En este artículo se expone la primera etapa de un proyecto de investigación que tiene por objeto analizar los resultados de mediciones efectuadas con PQI en mezclas bituminosas donde se utiliza emulsión asfáltica como ligante. Se comprueba la variabilidad de la densidad obtenida con el equipo para este tipo de mezclas, y se comparan los resultados con otros métodos de medida de densidad in situ.

  18. Damage detection and artificial healing of asphalt concrete after trafficking with a load simulator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bueno, M.; Arraigada, M.; Partl, M. N.

    2016-08-01

    Artificial healing of asphalt concrete by induction heating requires the addition of electrically conductive and/or magnetic materials into the asphalt mixture. Hence, bitumen can be heated up by an alternating electromagnetic field, decreasing therefore its viscosity and allowing it to flow for closing cracks and recover bonding among the mineral aggregates.

  19. Discussion on the Construction Technology of Asphalt Pavement of Municipal Engineering%市政工程沥青路面施工技术之我见

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明

    2014-01-01

    The asphalt pavement has high strength, stable pro- perty, rough surface and other characteristics, so it is a kind of pavement types often used in our country road. This paper fo- cuses on the existing problems in the asphalt pavement const- ruction, and puts forward the measures to improve the const- ruction technology of asphalt pavement.%沥青路面具有强度高、性质稳定、表面平整等特点,是我国道路中较常采用的一种路面类型。本文重点研究了城市沥青路面施工中存在的问题,并提出了提高沥青路面施工技术的措施。

  20. 沥青稳定碎石基层对沥青路面力学的特性影响分析%Asphalt Macadam Mechanical Properties of Asphalt Pavement Impact Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈勇军

    2012-01-01

    Asphalt stabilized gravel base course can significantly reduces the number of early damage to asphalt pavement. Through using three-dimensional finite element method, the mechanical performance of asphalt pavement structure added asphalt stabilized gravel base is analyzed, and stress and strain of asphalt pavement structure is also analyzed. Performance requirement of drainage base materials is proposed from the point of structural, and the structure design recommendation of semi-rigid base of the asphalt pavement added asphalt stabilized gravel base course is put forward.%沥青稳定碎石基层可以显著减少沥青路面一些早期损害,通过采用ABAQUS三维有限元方法,对设置沥青稳定碎石基层的沥青路面结构进行力学性能分析,分析路面结构应力和应变的影响.从结构角度提出对沥青稳定碎石基层材料的性能的要求,并且对设置排水基层的半刚性基层沥青路面结构设计提出相应建议.

  1. 钢桥面沥青铺装层设计要点分析%Analysis of the Notes about Design of the Steel Bridge Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      本文根据笔者多年的工作经验,从钢桥面沥青铺装设计的技术要求、桥面沥青铺层的结构和大跨径钢桥面沥青铺装三个方面,探讨了钢桥面沥青铺装层的设计要点。%In this article bases on years of work experience, discusses the design points of steel bridge asphalt pavement fr-om three aspects of the technical requirements of steel bridge asphalt pavement design, the structure of bridge asphalt over-lay and the large span steel bridge asphalt pavement.

  2. Use of rubber crumb for preparation of asphalt-concrete mixtures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yerbol Tileuberdi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article use of rubber crumb from spent tire for preparation of rubber-bitumen compounds is investigated. Then the rubber-bitumen compositions are used in composition of asphalt concrete mixes .

  3. Use of rubber crumb for preparation of asphalt-concrete mixtures

    OpenAIRE

    Yerbol Tileuberdi; S. Kozbakarova; Yerdos Ongarbayev; B. Tuleutaev; Zulkhair Mansurov

    2012-01-01

    In this article use of rubber crumb from spent tire for preparation of rubber-bitumen compounds is investigated. Then the rubber-bitumen compositions are used in composition of asphalt concrete mixes .

  4. Measurements of the Stiffness and Thickness of the Pavement Asphalt Layer Using the Enhanced Resonance Search Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Mustakiza Zakaria

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Enhanced resonance search (ERS is a nondestructive testing method that has been created to evaluate the quality of a pavement by means of a special instrument called the pavement integrity scanner (PiScanner. This technique can be used to assess the thickness of the road pavement structure and the profile of shear wave velocity by using the principle of surface wave and body wave propagation. In this study, the ERS technique was used to determine the actual thickness of the asphaltic pavement surface layer, while the shear wave velocities obtained were used to determine its dynamic elastic modulus. A total of fifteen locations were identified and the results were then compared with the specifications of the Malaysian PWD, MDD UKM, and IKRAM. It was found that the value of the elastic modulus of materials is between 3929 MPa and 17726 MPa. A comparison of the average thickness of the samples with the design thickness of MDD UKM showed a difference of 20 to 60%. Thickness of the asphalt surface layer followed the specifications of Malaysian PWD and MDD UKM, while some of the values of stiffness obtained are higher than the standard.

  5. Advanced self-healing asphalt composites in the pavement performance field: mechanisms at the nano level and new repairing methodologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agzenai, Yahya; Pozuelo, Javier; Sanz, Javier; Perez, Ignacio; Baselga, Juan

    2015-01-01

    In an effort to give a global view of this field of research, in this mini-review we highlight the most recent publications and patents focusing on modified asphalt pavements that contain certain reinforcing nanoparticles which impart desirable thermal, electrical and mechanical properties. In response to the increasing cost of asphalt binder and road maintenance, there is a need to look for alternative technologies and new asphalt composites, able to self-repair, for preserving and renewing the existing pavements. First, we will focus on the self-healing property of asphalt, the evidences that support that healing takes place immediately after the contact between the faces of a crack, and how the amount of healing can be measured in both the laboratory and the field. Next we review the hypothetical mechanisms of healing to understand the material behaviour and establish models to quantify the damage-healing process. Thereafter, we outline different technologies, nanotechnologies and methodologies used for self-healing paying particular attention to embedded micro-capsules, new nano-materials like carbon nanotubes and nano-fibres, ionomers, and microwave and induction heating processes.

  6. Test of Microstructur Permeable Asphalt Pavement Used Domato Stone (Quarsite Dolomite As Course Agregate for Surface Layer of Road Pavement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Firdaus Chairuddin

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The experiment works was dividing into two phases, for phase one was developed to investigate the properties of aggregates and straight asphalt qualities. The experiment work for phase two was developed to design the porous asphalt mix. In this phase Japan’s method and Binamarga’s method was used to define optimum asphalt content. In this phase, has result cantabro loss weight 77.10 for asphalt quality 3% and loss weight 9.70 for asphalt quality 5%. asphalt flow down, air void and density values. The experiment work for phase two was developed to investigate the qualities of porous asphalt. In this phase, wheel tracking machine test was used to investigate the dynamic stability of mixes.

  7. A study on engineering characteristics of asphalt concrete using filler with recycled waste lime.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sung Do, Hwang; Hee Mun, Park; Suk keun, Rhee

    2008-01-01

    This study focuses on determining the engineering characteristics of asphalt concrete using mineral fillers with recycled waste lime, which is a by-product of the production of soda ash (Na(2)CO(3)). The materials tested in this study were made using a 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% mixing ratio based on the conventional mineral filler ratio to analyze the possibility of using recycled waste lime. The asphalt concretes, made of recycled waste lime, hydrated lime, and conventional asphalt concrete, were evaluated through their fundamental engineering properties such as Marshall stability, indirect tensile strength, resilient modulus, permanent deformation characteristics, moisture susceptibility, and fatigue resistance. The results indicate that the application of recycled waste lime as mineral filler improves the permanent deformation characteristics, stiffness and fatigue endurance of asphalt concrete at the wide range of temperatures. It was also determined that the mixtures with recycled waste lime showed higher resistance against stripping than conventional asphalt concrete. It was concluded from various test results that a waste lime can be used as mineral filler and, especially, can greatly improve the resistance of asphalt concrete to permanent deformation at high temperatures.

  8. Technology Research and Engineering Practice of Asphalt Rubber Low-noise Asphalt Pavement%降噪环保沥青路面技术研究与工程实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志祥; 刘伟; 李小燕

    2011-01-01

    对橡胶沥青绿色降噪环保路面技术进行了研究,包括材料选择、配合比设计方法、性能验证等设计要点,采用复合车辙试验进行高温性能验证,提出了橡胶沥青降噪路面的设计方法流程;并通过自行开发的车载式轮胎/路面噪声测试仪,对各种路面类型的噪声进行了测试,验证了降噪路面的降噪效果。%In this paper,the application of asphalt rubber in porous low-noise asphalt pavement was studied,including materials selection,gradation selection,performance verification,also high-temperature performance was also verified using complex rutting test,and a design process of rubber asphalt low-noise asphalt pavement mixture was put forward.The tire/pavement noise of many kinds of pavement was tested with self developed OBSI,and the advantage of low-noise asphalt pavement was verified.

  9. Simulation Study of Rainwater Infiltration on Permeable Asphalt Pavement%透水性沥青路面雨水入渗模拟研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄小兰; 熊俊; 黄敏; 喻超

    2011-01-01

    Permeable asphalt pavement becomes the important trend of pavement development due to its many advantages such as rapid drainage,skid resistance,rain mist reduction,reflection reduction and noise reduction.In this paper,the paving characteristics of permeable asphalt pavement are discussed.Based on the structural characteristics of permeable asphalt pavement applied in Japan,water head distribution for permeable asphalt pavement and common dense-graded asphalt pavement under rainfall are separately analyzed through numerical simulation,and thus the drainage ability of permeable asphalt pavement under strong rainfall is studied.%透水性沥青路面由于具有迅速排水、抗滑、降低雨天水雾、减少雨后反光、降低噪声等许多优点,而成为道路路面发展的重要方向。讨论了透水性沥青路面在铺装结构上的特点,并基于日本使用的透水性沥青路面结构特征,通过数值模拟,对比分析了降雨条件下透水性沥青路面与普通密级配沥青路面的水头分布变化情况,研究了透水性沥青路面在强降雨期的排水性能。

  10. Evaluation on High-temperature Adhesion Performance of Hot-applied Sealant for Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Feng; LI Tinggang; SHI Xiaopei

    2014-01-01

    In order to investigate the high-temperature performances of the asphalt pavement hot-applied sealant, as well as to reduce failures of the sealant pullout, the softening point test and the flow test (two existing methods for evaluating high-temperature performances) were conducted. It was found that both tests could not accurately reflect the adhesion performances of the sealant at high temperatures. For this purpose, the adhesion test for PSAT (pressure sensitive adhesive tape) has been taken as a reference to develop a device that is suitable for evaluating the adhesion performances, by modifying relevant test parameters according to the road conditions at high temperatures. Thirteen common sealants were tested in the modified adhesion test, softening point test and flow test. The experimental results show that no significant correlation (p>0.05) exists between the adhesion value, softening point, adhesion value and flow value;while a significant correlation (p<0.05) exists between the softening point and flow value. The modified adhesion test is efficient in distinguishing the high-temperature adhesion performances of different sealants, and can be used as a standard method for evaluating such performances.

  11. The Greenhouse Gas Emission from Portland Cement Concrete Pavement Construction in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Feng; Sha, Aimin; Yang, Panpan; Huang, Yue

    2016-06-24

    This study proposes an inventory analysis method to evaluate the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from Portland cement concrete pavement construction, based on a case project in the west of China. The concrete pavement construction process was divided into three phases, namely raw material production, concrete manufacture and pavement onsite construction. The GHG emissions of the three phases are analyzed by a life cycle inventory method. The CO₂e is used to indicate the GHG emissions. The results show that for 1 km Portland cement concrete pavement construction, the total CO₂e is 8215.31 tons. Based on the evaluation results, the CO₂e of the raw material production phase is 7617.27 tons, accounting for 92.7% of the total GHG emissions; the CO₂e of the concrete manufacture phase is 598,033.10 kg, accounting for 7.2% of the total GHG emissions. Lastly, the CO₂e of the pavement onsite construction phase is 8396.59 kg, accounting for only 0.1% of the total GHG emissions. The main greenhouse gas is CO₂ in each phase, which accounts for more than 98% of total emissions. N₂O and CH₄ emissions are relatively insignificant.

  12. 沥青路面渗水性能测试研究%Study on Permeability Test of Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    但汉成; 李亮; 何要超; 赵炼恒; 王峰

    2009-01-01

    In order to study the permeability of pavement, an improved method for testing the infiltration coefficient of pavement was adopted into a section of expressway under construction in Hunan province. According to the test result and with combination of the evaluation method, the permeability of each surface course in asphalt pavement was evaluated and analyzed. The differences of permeability of different asphalt mixtures for asphalt pavement were obtained. On this basis, the suggested guidelines of different maximum nominal sizes of aggregate for asphalt pavement permeability test were put forward. Finally, the differences of permeability of different surface courses were analyzed qualitatively. The result shows that (1) the permeabilities of different surface courses exhibit a great variability and coarse aggregate asphalt mixture infiltrates easily than medium aggregate asphalt mixture; (2) the permeability of coarse aggregate asphalt mixture which is incorporated with anti-rut agent will decrease slightly; (3) the permeability coefficient increases with the increasing of thickness of surface course; (4) the transverse distribution of infiltration coefficient on pavement is non-uniform which results from the construction variability and the infiltration coefficient of passing lane is higher than that of driving lane.%采用改进的渗水系数测试试验对湖南省在建高速公路沥青路面进行渗水系数测试.根据测试结果结合沥青路面渗水性能的评价方法对沥青路面各面层的渗水性能进行评价分析,得出了沥青路面不同沥青混合料类型的渗水性能差异,提出了沥青混合料不同公称最大粒径的沥青混合料路面检验用的建议指标.最后对路面结构层的透水性能的差异性进行了定性分析,分析表明:沥青路面各面层的渗水性表现出很大的变异性;粗粒式沥青混合料类型更易渗水;粗粒式沥青混合料掺入抗车辙剂其渗水性能会有所降低;

  13. 土工布在水泥混凝土路面加铺沥青混凝土层结构中的抗剪试验分析%Analysis of Shear-Bearing Test for Geotextile Between Cement Concrete and Asphalt Concrete Overlay

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯荣国; 牛开民; 田波

    2011-01-01

    在水泥混凝土路面加铺沥青混凝土面层(简称“白加黑”)的路面结构中,利用层间铺设土工布来延缓、减少反射裂缝是一种经常被采用的技术方案.但铺设土工布后,层间黏结力下降,容易造成沥青混凝土加铺层推移而致过早破坏.针对此现象,运用有关力学软件计算分析了水泥混凝土面板与沥青混凝土加铺层结构中的层间剪应力,发现层间光滑时的剪应力大于层间黏结时的剪应力;同时,通过试验路与室内试验,分析了铺有土工布的水泥混凝土面板与沥青混凝土层之间的抗剪能力,发现土工布满足层间抗剪要求,但抗剪富余系数不大,因此铺有土工布的水泥混凝土路面加铺沥青混凝土层的路面结构容易发生推移破坏.%To prevent reflective cracking, the geotextile is often layed between cement concrete pavement and asphalt concrete overlay. But cohesion between two layers is reduced after construction of geotextile, so it creates moving of asphalt concrete overlay. The shear stress between old cement concrete pavement and asphalt concrete overlay is analyzed through finite element model. It is found that shear stress is bigger on the assumption of perfectly smooth compared to the assumption of perfectly junction.Through experiment road and indoor test, shear-bearing capacity between cement concrete pavement and asphalt concrete overlay is analyzed while the geotextile is layed. It is found that the geotextile can satisfy the request for single shear-bearing, but redundancy coefficient is low, so moving of asphalt overlay is created easily when the geotextile is layed between old cement concrete pavement and asphalt concrete overlay.

  14. 道路工程沥青路面施工质量控制措施%The Construction Quality Control Measures of Road Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨国清

    2014-01-01

    With the development of modern traffic as wel as urban and rural road project, the asphalt pavement widely used in urban and rural road construction project because of the as-phalt pavement has laid the simple and easy maintenance, and many other advantages. Unreasonable engineering constructi-on and management leads to hard to guarantee the quality of as-phalt pavement.%随着现代交通及城乡道路工程的发展,由于沥青路面具有铺设简易、维护方便等诸多优点,因此被广泛运用于城乡道路建设工程。不合理工程施工与管理,导致沥青路面质量难以保证。

  15. Analysis of the Highway Asphalt Pavement Cracks Causes%对高速公路沥青路面裂缝成因的探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐创奇

    2014-01-01

    The asphalt surface crack is a prominent disease problem, which mainly impact on the mechanical properties of asphalt and construction undeserved. This paper carries on the classification asphalt pavement cracks types and carries on the causes, which has certain reference significance for the hig-hway asphalt pavement design and construction of China.%沥青路面的裂缝是一项比较突出的病害问题,主要受到沥青的力学特性和施工不当的影响。本文对沥青路面裂缝产生的类型进行了分类,并对其成因进行了探析,对于我国高速公路沥青路面设计及施工具有一定的参考意义。

  16. Nitrogen Transformations in Three Types of Permeable Pavement

    Science.gov (United States)

    In 2009, USEPA constructed a 0.4-ha (1-ac) parking lot at the Edison Environmental Center in Edison, NJ, that incorporated three different permeable pavement types - permeable interlocking concrete pavers (PICP), pervious concrete (PC), and porous asphalt (PA). The driving lanes...

  17. Discussion on main technical points of highway asphalt pavement construction%谈公路沥青路面施工技术要点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷慧萍

    2016-01-01

    介绍了沥青路面的常见病害类型,从沥青材料选择、运输、摊铺等方面,阐述了沥青路面施工的技术要点,并探讨了沥青路面压实成型与接缝处理的注意事项,有利于确保公路沥青路面的施工质量,从而提高车辆行驶的安全性与舒适度.%The paper introduced the common disease types of asphalt pavement,from the asphalt material selection,transportation,paving and other aspects,elaborated the main technical points of asphalt pavement construction,and discussed the matters needing attention of asphalt pave-ment compaction molding and joint attention,to ensure that the construction quality of highway asphalt pavement,so as to improve the vehicle safety and comfortable.

  18. Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and azaarenes in runoff from coal-tar- and asphalt-sealcoated pavement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahler, Barbara J.; Van Metre, Peter C.; Foreman, William T.

    2014-01-01

    Coal-tar-based sealcoat, used extensively on parking lots and driveways in North America, is a potent source of PAHs. We investigated how concentrations and assemblages of PAHs and azaarenes in runoff from pavement newly sealed with coal-tar-based (CT) or asphalt-based (AS) sealcoat changed over time. Samples of simulated runoff were collected from pavement 5 h to 111 d following application of AS or CT sealcoat. Concentrations of the sum of 16 PAHs (median concentrations of 328 and 35 μg/L for CT and AS runoff, respectively) in runoff varied relatively little, but rapid decreases in concentrations of azaarenes and low molecular weight PAHs were offset by increases in high molecular weight PAHs. The results demonstrate that runoff from CT-sealcoated pavement, in particular, continues to contain elevated concentrations of PAHs long after a 24-h curing time, with implications for the fate, transport, and ecotoxicological effects of contaminants in runoff from CT-sealcoated pavement.

  19. Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and azaarenes in runoff from coal-tar- and asphalt-sealcoated pavement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahler, Barbara J; Van Metre, Peter C; Foreman, William T

    2014-05-01

    Coal-tar-based sealcoat, used extensively on parking lots and driveways in North America, is a potent source of PAHs. We investigated how concentrations and assemblages of PAHs and azaarenes in runoff from pavement newly sealed with coal-tar-based (CT) or asphalt-based (AS) sealcoat changed over time. Samples of simulated runoff were collected from pavement 5 h to 111 d following application of AS or CT sealcoat. Concentrations of the sum of 16 PAHs (median concentrations of 328 and 35 μg/L for CT and AS runoff, respectively) in runoff varied relatively little, but rapid decreases in concentrations of azaarenes and low molecular weight PAHs were offset by increases in high molecular weight PAHs. The results demonstrate that runoff from CT-sealcoated pavement, in particular, continues to contain elevated concentrations of PAHs long after a 24-h curing time, with implications for the fate, transport, and ecotoxicological effects of contaminants in runoff from CT-sealcoated pavement.

  20. Analysis on classification and application of asphalt pavement recycling technology%沥青路面再生技术的分类及应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王勇

    2015-01-01

    结合我国路面快速恶化的现状,阐述了沥青路面材料循环利用的意义,并对沥青路面再生技术进行了分析,着重研究了不同类别的沥青路面再生技术的优缺点及其适用范围,以合理选用路面材料循环利用技术,形成可靠耐久、经济合理的路面再生设计方案。%Combining with domestic pavement rapidly deteriorating conditions,the thesis describes the meaning for asphalt pavement material re-cycling and utilization,analyzes asphalt pavement recycling technology,mainly studies advantages and disadvantages and application scope of dif-ferent asphalt pavement recycling technology,with a view to rationally select pavement material recycling technology and form durable and eco-nomic pavement recycling design scheme.

  1. Key Technology of Asphalt Pavement Hot-In-Place Recycling%沥青路面就地热再生关键技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游新宇

    2014-01-01

    沥青路面就地热再生技术已成为沥青路面维修改造的主要方法之一。以就地热再生技术为研究对象,结合室内试验与实际工程,对原路面调查与评价、回收沥青以及再生剂的选择、新旧沥青的掺配性能试验、马歇尔配合比的设计等关键技术进行了研究,所得研究成果可有效指导沥青路面就地热再生技术的应用。%The hot-in-place recycling technology of asphalt pavement has been one of the main methods for asphalt pavement reconstruction. Taken the hot-in-place recycling technology as the research ob-ject, the article studies the key technologies such as the survey and evaluation of the original road, as-phalt recovery and regeneration agent selection, the old and new asphalt mixing performance test, Mar-shall asphalt mixture design, and so on. Combined with laboratory tests and practical projects,the results can guide the hot-in-place recycling technology application of asphalt pavement effectively.

  2. Linking asphalt binder fatigue to asphalt mixture fatigue performance using viscoelastic continuum damage modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safaei, Farinaz; Castorena, Cassie; Kim, Y. Richard

    2016-08-01

    Fatigue cracking is a major form of distress in asphalt pavements. Asphalt binder is the weakest asphalt concrete constituent and, thus, plays a critical role in determining the fatigue resistance of pavements. Therefore, the ability to characterize and model the inherent fatigue performance of an asphalt binder is a necessary first step to design mixtures and pavements that are not susceptible to premature fatigue failure. The simplified viscoelastic continuum damage (S-VECD) model has been used successfully by researchers to predict the damage evolution in asphalt mixtures for various traffic and climatic conditions using limited uniaxial test data. In this study, the S-VECD model, developed for asphalt mixtures, is adapted for asphalt binders tested under cyclic torsion in a dynamic shear rheometer. Derivation of the model framework is presented. The model is verified by producing damage characteristic curves that are both temperature- and loading history-independent based on time sweep tests, given that the effects of plasticity and adhesion loss on the material behavior are minimal. The applicability of the S-VECD model to the accelerated loading that is inherent of the linear amplitude sweep test is demonstrated, which reveals reasonable performance predictions, but with some loss in accuracy compared to time sweep tests due to the confounding effects of nonlinearity imposed by the high strain amplitudes included in the test. The asphalt binder S-VECD model is validated through comparisons to asphalt mixture S-VECD model results derived from cyclic direct tension tests and Accelerated Loading Facility performance tests. The results demonstrate good agreement between the asphalt binder and mixture test results and pavement performance, indicating that the developed model framework is able to capture the asphalt binder's contribution to mixture fatigue and pavement fatigue cracking performance.

  3. Aging of Asphalt Symposium, September 17th 2014, Delft, the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erkens, S.M.J.G.; Scarpas, A.; Blab, R.; Glaser, R.; Glover, C.; Oeser, M.; Porot, L.; Soenen, H.

    2015-01-01

    Technical specifications for the asphalt concrete properties are developed to be able to specify mixtures that will perform well in pavement applications. Being able to identify and determine properties related to pavement performance in practice is crucial for both road authorities and contractors,

  4. Analysis on Dynamic Response of Saturated Asphalt Pavement under Moving Vehicle Loads by 3D Finite Element Method%移动荷载作用下饱和沥青路面动力响应三维有限元分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任瑞波; 祁文洋; 李美玲

    2011-01-01

    Asphalt pavement is a kind of porous medium which consists of solid, liquid and gas phases under the action of outside environment. The coupled hydro-mechanical action leads to the initial failure of asphalt pavement. To explore the dynamic response of asphalt pavement subjected to moving vehicle loads is the premise for understanding the structure behavior of asphalt pavement. First, regarding asphalt mixture as a media consists of solid and liquid phases in level one reasonable approximation, based on the porous media theory, a 3D finite element model of typical semi-rigid base asphalt concrete pavement under moving load was developed in the assumption that the asphalt pavement is saturated. Then, the variation of 3D strain and stress as well as 3D distribution of vertical stress of pavement under saturated condition and dry condition were comparatively analysed. The result indicates that (1) the characteristics of dynamic response of asphalt pavement with moving load under saturated condition and dry condition in surface course are different; (2) it' is more likely to have structure damage such as fatigue cracking and permanent deformation when asphalt pavement is under saturated condition; (3) in asphalt pavement design, it is more reasonable to use flexural-tensile strain as the index than flexural-tensile stress.%沥青路面结构在外界环境作用下是气、液、固三相介质体,水和荷载的耦合作用导致了沥青路面初期损坏的产生,探究其在车辆移动荷栽作用下的动力响应是获知沥青路面结构行为的前提.首先,在沥青路面饱和情况下,作一级合理近似,将其视为流固两相介质.基于多孔介质理论,对于典型半刚性基层沥青路面结构建立了移动荷载作用下的三维有限元模型;而后对比分析了移动荷载作用下,饱和沥青路面和无水沥青路面三向应力、应变响应的时程变化规律以及竖向应力场的三维分布情况.结果表明:移动荷载

  5. Mechanism of Reflection Crack Prevention by Gravel Transformation of Old Cement Concrete Pavement%旧水泥混凝土路面碎石化后防止反射裂缝机理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗岩; 张涛

    2011-01-01

    At present, gravel transformation technology is commonly used to prevent reflection crack on asphalt overlay in domestic when cement concrete pavement is out of service or damaged for whatever reason.In this paper, through analyzing the causes of cracks on asphalt overlay that is directly paved on cement concrete pavement, the mechanism of reflection crack prevention by gravel transformation of cement concrete pavement is analyzed.%目前,水泥混凝土路面到达其使用年限,或其他原因遭受破坏需要重建时,国内多采用碎石化工艺来防止沥青罩面反射裂缝的产生.通过对水泥混凝土面板上直接加铺沥青层开裂成因的探讨,分析了水泥混凝土路面经碎石化后防止反射裂缝的机理.

  6. Rapid Detection Methods for Asphalt Pavement Thicknesses and Defects by a Vehicle-Mounted Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zehua Dong

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The thickness estimation of the top surface layer and surface layer, as well as the detection of road defects, are of great importance to the quality conditions of asphalt pavement. Although ground penetrating radar (GPR methods have been widely used in non-destructive detection of pavements, the thickness estimation of the thin top surface layer is still a difficult problem due to the limitations of GPR resolution and the similar permittivity of asphalt sub-layers. Besides, the detection of some road defects, including inadequate compaction and delamination at interfaces, require further practical study. In this paper, a newly-developed vehicle-mounted GPR detection system is introduced. We used a horizontal high-pass filter and a modified layer localization method to extract the underground layers. Besides, according to lab experiments and simulation analysis, we proposed theoretical methods for detecting the degree of compaction and delamination at the interface, respectively. Moreover, a field test was carried out and the estimated results showed a satisfactory accuracy of the system and methods.

  7. Rapid Detection Methods for Asphalt Pavement Thicknesses and Defects by a Vehicle-Mounted Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Zehua; Ye, Shengbo; Gao, Yunze; Fang, Guangyou; Zhang, Xiaojuan; Xue, Zhongjun; Zhang, Tao

    2016-12-06

    The thickness estimation of the top surface layer and surface layer, as well as the detection of road defects, are of great importance to the quality conditions of asphalt pavement. Although ground penetrating radar (GPR) methods have been widely used in non-destructive detection of pavements, the thickness estimation of the thin top surface layer is still a difficult problem due to the limitations of GPR resolution and the similar permittivity of asphalt sub-layers. Besides, the detection of some road defects, including inadequate compaction and delamination at interfaces, require further practical study. In this paper, a newly-developed vehicle-mounted GPR detection system is introduced. We used a horizontal high-pass filter and a modified layer localization method to extract the underground layers. Besides, according to lab experiments and simulation analysis, we proposed theoretical methods for detecting the degree of compaction and delamination at the interface, respectively. Moreover, a field test was carried out and the estimated results showed a satisfactory accuracy of the system and methods.

  8. Modelling of composite concrete block pavement systems applying a cohesive zone model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skar, Asmus; Poulsen, Peter Noe

    This paper presents a numerical analysis of the fracture behaviour of the cement bound base material in composite concrete block pavement systems, using a cohesive zone model. The functionality of the proposed model is tested on experimental and numerical investigations of beam bending tests...

  9. 沥青层厚度对沥青路面车辙的影响研究%Research on Influences of Asphalt Layer Thickness on Asphalt Pavement Ruts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛磊; 周建山

    2014-01-01

    Based on the elastic layer system theory and by means of ABAQUS finite element software, this paper performs numerical simulation for asphalt pavement structures, and analyzes the influences of asphalt pavement thickness on permanent deformation of asphalt pavement. The analysis shows very remarkable influences of asphalt layer thickness on compaction type ruts, and the depth of ruts increases with asphalt layer thickness, but the tendency of increase gradually reduces from original 10% to 4%;the depth of the maximum shear stress in asphalt layer does not change with asphalt layer thickness and appears at 4 ~6 mm under road surface, therefore, the influence of asphalt layer thickness on shear flow deformation is not significant.%基于弹性层状体系理论,利用ABAQUS有限元软件对沥青路面结构进行数值模拟,分析沥青层厚度对沥青路面永久变形的影响。分析表明:沥青层厚度对压密型车辙的影响非常显著,车辙深度随着沥青层厚度的增加而增大,但是随着沥青层厚度的增加,增长趋势逐渐减少,由最初的10%的增长量减少到4%;沥青层内最大剪应力出现的深度不随沥青层厚度的变化而变化,均出现在路表下4~6 cm处,因此沥青层厚度对剪切流动变形的影响不是很大。

  10. Permeability Test of Asphalt Pavement and countermeasures%沥青路面渗水试验检测与防治对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李伟

    2015-01-01

    〗沥青路面渗水的原因主要包括水力冲刷、置换作用等。工程运营前要严格按照规范要求进行渗水试验,计算并整理渗水系数。同时还要合理选择面层结构、重视施工质量控制、提高沥青与集料的结合性能、改善排水设施,对渗水路面也要及时采取措施处理。从而实现对渗水现象的有效预防,确保沥青路面工程质量。%The reasons of asphalt pavement seepage mainly include the hydraulic erosion and replace-ment effect.Before the engineering operations,asphalt pavement should be strictly tested in accord-ance with the requirements of the specification of Permeability test.It is necessary to select the struc-ture of the surface,pay attention to the construction quality control,improve the combination of as-phalt and aggregate,improve the drainage facilities,as well as the seepage pavement,so as to realize the effective prevention of the seepage phenomenon and ensure the quality of asphalt pavement engi-neering.

  11. Attenuation of foot pressure during running on four different surfaces: asphalt, concrete, rubber, and natural grass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tessutti, Vitor; Ribeiro, Ana Paula; Trombini-Souza, Francis; Sacco, Isabel C N

    2012-01-01

    The practice of running has consistently increased worldwide, and with it, related lower limb injuries. The type of running surface has been associated with running injury etiology, in addition other factors, such as the relationship between the amount and intensity of training. There is still controversy in the literature regarding the biomechanical effects of different types of running surfaces on foot-floor interaction. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of running on asphalt, concrete, natural grass, and rubber on in-shoe pressure patterns in adult recreational runners. Forty-seven adult recreational runners ran twice for 40 m on all four different surfaces at 12 ± 5% km · h(-1). Peak pressure, pressure-time integral, and contact time were recorded by Pedar X insoles. Asphalt and concrete were similar for all plantar variables and pressure zones. Running on grass produced peak pressures 9.3% to 16.6% lower (P rubber was greater than on concrete for the rearfoot and midfoot. The behaviour of rubber was similar to that obtained for the rigid surfaces - concrete and asphalt - possibly because of its time of usage (five years). Running on natural grass attenuates in-shoe plantar pressures in recreational runners. If a runner controls the amount and intensity of practice, running on grass may reduce the total stress on the musculoskeletal system compared with the total musculoskeletal stress when running on more rigid surfaces, such as asphalt and concrete.

  12. Proportioning of Steel Fibre Reinforced Concrete Mixes for Pavement Construction and Their Impact on Environment and Cost

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stelios Kallis

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Steel fibre reinforced concrete (SFRC is a construction material investigated for more than 40 years including for pavement applications. A number of studies have demonstrated the technical merits of SFRC pavements over conventional concrete pavements; however little work has been carried out on the environmental and economical impact of SFRC during the pavement’s life cycle. Therefore, extended research was undertaken within the framework of the EU funded project “EcoLanes” to estimate the environmental and economical loadings of SFRC pavements. The innovative concept of the project is the use of recycled steel tyre-cord wire as concrete fibre reinforcement, which provides additional environmental benefits for tyre recycling over landfilling. Within the project framework a demonstration of a steel-fibre-reinforced roller-compacted concrete (SFR-RCC pavement was constructed in a rural area in Cyprus. In order to assess the economical and environmental picture of the demonstration pavement, life cycle cost analysis (LCCA and life cycle assessment (LCA studies were undertaken, which also compared the under study pavement design with four conventional alternatives. The main output of the studies is that SFR-RCC is more environmentally and economically sustainable than others. In addition, various concrete mix designs were investigated by considering parameters such as fibre type and dosage, cement type, and transportation distances to the construction site. Fibre dosage has been highlighted as a crucial factor compared with economical and environmental loadings in SFR-RCC pavement construction.

  13. Assessment of dynamic modulus of high density polypropylene waste fiber reinforcement in asphalt concrete

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan S. OTUOZE

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Traditional asphalt tests like Hveem and Marshall tests are at best mere characterization than effective test of pavement field performance because of complex viscoelastic behavior of asphalt. Mechanical properties otherwise called simple performance tests (SPT are performance criteria of asphalt. Dynamic modulus among other SPT’s like permanent deformation, fatigue cracking, thermal cracking, moisture susceptibility, shear and friction properties; determines stress-strain to time-temperature relationships that imparts on strength, service life and durability. The test followed the recommendations of NCHRP 1-37a (2004 and mixes were prepared using 0, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5% HDPP contents. The parameters tested for dynamic modulus, /E*/, are stiffness, recoverable strain (ε, and phase angle (ξ. Time – temperature superposition (TTS called master curve was fitted using sigmoidal curve to interpolate the parameters beyond measured data set so as to observe the viscoelastic behavior outside the physical properties. The performance of 0.5% HDPP asphalt is better enhanced than the conventional asphalt to improve upon strength, service and durability.

  14. Analysis of Maximum Shear Stress of Asphalt Pavement%沥青路面最大剪应力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈光伟; 费国新; 陈荣生

    2012-01-01

    Factors and variation of the maximum shear stress of the typical semi-rigid asphalt pavement and bridge deck pavement in Jiangsu were calculated and analyzed using ABAQUS software. The maximum shear stress distribution was consistent with the semi-rigid asphalt pavement and bridge deck pavement and the maximum shear stress level was close under the level. The maximum shear stress showed a positive correlation with the verticaland horizontal vehicle loads and was significantly affected by the loads. The maximum shear stress decreased as the pavement thickness and modulus increase, and increased as the semi-rigid base thickness and modulus increase, but the increase value was small. Thereby these analysis above would provides an academic basis for solving the rutting problem.%采用ABAQUS软件对典型半刚性基层沥青路面及桥面铺装层中最大剪应力影响因素及变化规律进行了计算与分析。分析表明:半刚性基层沥青路面与水泥混凝土桥面铺装层最大剪应力分布与变化规律基本一致,在相同荷载条件作用下,最大剪应力水平亦接近;最大剪应力与车辆垂直荷载和水平荷载作用呈正比关系,最大剪应力受其影响显著;最大剪应力随着面层或铺装层厚度、模量的增加而相应地变小,随着半刚性基层厚度与模量的增加而变大。以上抗剪影响因素及变化规律的研究为解决车辙问题提供了一定的理论基础。

  15. 公路旧沥青砼路面冷再生施工技术分析%Analysis of Construction Technology of Highway Asphalt Pavement Cold Recycling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    房兴华

    2014-01-01

    本文介绍了沥青路面冷再生的技术原理、特点与用途,我国沥青路面冷再生技术的应用现状和趋势,并介绍了其施工技术要点和良好的社会效益。本文的研究可以作为路面施工过程的参考。%This paper introduces the technical principle, char-acteristics and application of asphalt pavement cold regener-ation, application status and trend of the technology of cold recycling of asphalt pavement in our country, and introduces the main points of construction technology and good social benefit. The research of this paper can be used as reference for pavement construction process.

  16. Influence of limestone fillers on combustion characteristics of asphalt mortar for pavements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ke, Wu; Kai, Zhu; Wu, Hao;

    2014-01-01

    Asphalt materials will be ignited and release significant toxic fumes within tunnel fires. Thus, combustion characteristics of asphalt materials used in road tunnel should be studied in order to limit such an adverse effect. In the present work we study the influence of limestone fillers...... on combustion characteristics of asphalt mortar by thermogravimetric and kinetic analysis. It is shown that the combustion of asphalt mortar is not just a linear superposition of asphalt and limestone. The limestone will increase the ignition point and the activation energy of the primary volatile release......, and will catalyze the char formation from the primary volatile release. Kinetic analysis shows that the primary volatile release stage of asphalt mortar combustion can be explained by a three-dimensional diffusion model, the secondary volatile release and char combustion stage can be explained by a model under...

  17. Environmentally friendly pavements: Results from noise measurements 2005-2008

    OpenAIRE

    Berge, Truls Svenn; Haukland, Frode; Ustad, Asbjørn

    2009-01-01

    CPX-measurements (tyre A) have been performed on a wide range of ordinary dense Norwegian road pavements and special test pavements, as part of the R&D project “Environmental friendly pavements” initiated by the Norwegian Public Roads Administration. The following conclusions can be made from the investigation:- New dense asphalt concrete pavements can give a tyre/road noise level (CPX) of 4-8 dB(A) lower noise level, compared to a chosen reference level for a pavement of type AC 0/11 and SMA...

  18. Sound Absorption and Friction Properties of Nano-Lotus Leaf Coated Concrete for Rigid Pavement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo GONZALEZ

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the feasibility of superhydrophobic films to create the nano-lotus leaf effect on concrete surface and their influence on sound absorption and friction properties of concrete for application in rigid pavements. The study involved an evaluation of nanomaterials at the laboratory scale to analyze the effects of microtexture modification on the friction and sound absorption of concrete pavement. A number of laboratory specimens were produced by applying different amounts of nano-lotus leaf coating on the top of the textured concrete surface. The British pendulum test was used to measure the friction number, and an impedance tube was used to determine the sound absorption coefficient. Laboratory results indicate that nano-lotus leaf coated concrete can maintain the required friction property for rigid pavement, but may not increase the noise absorption. Further research must be carried out to determine possible benefit of the lotus leaf effect for reducing hydroplaning, particularly during heavy rainfall.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.22.3.7638

  19. Condition assessment of concrete pavements using both ground penetrating radar and stress-wave based techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Mengxing; Anderson, Neil; Sneed, Lesley; Torgashov, Evgeniy

    2016-12-01

    Two stress-wave based techniques, ultrasonic surface wave (USW) and impact echo (IE), as well as ground penetrating radar (GPR) were used to assess the condition of a segment of concrete pavement that includes a layer of concrete, a granular base and their interface. Core specimens retrieved at multiple locations were used to confirm the accuracy and reliability of each non-destructive testing (NDT) result. Results from this study demonstrate that the GPR method is accurate for estimating the pavement thickness and locating separations (air voids) between the concrete and granular base layers. The USW method is a rapid way to estimate the in-situ elastic modulus (dynamic elastic modulus) of the concrete, however, the existence of air voids at the interface could potentially affect the accuracy and reliability of the USW test results. The estimation of the dynamic modulus and the P-wave velocity of concrete was improved when a shorter wavelength range (3 in. to 8.5 in.) corresponding to the concrete layer thickness was applied instead of the full wavelength rage (3 in. to 11 in.) based on the standard spacing of the receiver transducers. The IE method is proved to be fairly accurate in estimating the thickness of concrete pavements. However, the flexural mode vibration could affect the accuracy and reliability of the test results. Furthermore, the existence of air voids between the concrete and granular base layers could affect the estimation of the compression wave velocity of concrete when the full wavelength range was applied (3 in. to 11 in.). Future work is needed in order to improve the accuracy and reliability of both USW and IE test results.

  20. Reducing the environmental impact of concrete and asphalt: a scenario approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blankendaal, T.; Schuur, P.C.; Voordijk, J.T.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, measures are evaluated to reduce the environmental impact of concrete and asphalt. Several composition scenarios are designed for these materials and are evaluated based on their environmental performance using life-cycle assessment (LCA). The effect of low-energy production technique

  1. 高模量沥青面层合理结构形式的有限元研究%Definite Element Study on Reasonable Structure Form of High Modulus Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王先伟

    2012-01-01

    本文根据以往的经验提出了三种高模量沥青路面的结构形式,并从应力、应变和弯沉值的角度对高模量沥青面层结构进行分析,从而得出了高模量沥青混凝土路面的合理结构形式,为相关的沥青路面设计提供了一个新的分析方法。%This article provides three type of high modulus asphalt pavement structure form based on previous experience. It analyses high modulus asphalt pavement structure form from stress, strain and deflection value. A reasonable structure form of high modulus asphalt pavement is given, which also provides a new method to design asphalt pavement.

  2. 海南省沥青路面水损坏的原因及防治措施分析%Analysis of the Cause and Preventive Measures of Water Damage of Asphalt Pavement in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周容; 蒋必凤

    2013-01-01

      水损坏对沥青路面危害极大,已成为海南省沥青路面早期破坏的主要形式之一。本文结合海南省特点,从原材料、降水、设计、施工、养护管理几方面探讨沥青路面产生水损坏的原因,并提出相应措施。%The water damage of asphalt pavement done great harm to the asphalt pavement, has become one of the main forms of Hainan asphalt pavement damage. This article combining the characteristics of Hainan Province, discussed the cause of water damage of asphalt pavement from raw materials, rainfall, design, construction, road maintenance and operations management,then proposed several corresponding measures.

  3. Monitoring Hot Mix Asphalt Temperature to Improve Homogeneity and Pavement Quality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huerne, ter H.L.; Doree, A.G.; Miller, S.R.; Santagata, E.

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes how controlled compaction practices lead to better quality asphalt. Therefore, it is important that during compaction operations the mixture is at a suitable temperature in order to achieve the specified degree of compaction. The University of Twente’s Asphalt Paving Research an

  4. High-temperature Performance Improvement of Dense-graded Hot Mixing Asphalt Concrete%浅谈提高热拌密级配沥青混凝土的高温性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李峰

    2012-01-01

    From improving the dynamic stability of asphalt concrete pavement, the paper explains the mixing content, use and mixing methods of the rutting resistant in mixing asphalt concrete, and after verifying the targeted mixing proportion, proposes treating and improving measures concerning the problems in the experimental mixing.%从提高沥青混凝土路面动稳定度出发,对沥青混凝土(以密级配沥青混凝土AC-20为例)配合比设计中抗车辙剂的掺量、用法、拌和方法进行了分析,并通过沥青混凝土目标配合比的验证,及时针对试验拌和中出现的问题提出处理意见和改进措施。

  5. Numerical Simulation of Moving Load on Concrete Pavements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lajčáková Gabriela

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The knowledge of the development with time of the strain and stress states in pavement structures is needed in the solution of various engineering tasks as the design fatigue lifetime reliability maintenance and structure development. The space computing model of the truck TATRA 815 is introduced. The pavement computing model is created in the sense of Kirchhof theory of the thin slab on elastic foundation. The goal of the calculation is to obtain the vertical deflection in the middle of the slab and the time courses of vertical tire forces. The equations of motion are derived in the form of differential equations. The assumption about the shape of the slab deflection area is adopted. The equations of the motion are solved numerically in the environment of program system MATLAB. The dependences following the influence of various parameters (speed of vehicle motion, stiffness of subgrade, slab thickness, road profile on the pavement vertical deflections and the vertical tire forces are introduced. The results obtained from the plate computing model are compared with the results obtained by the FEM analysis. The outputs of the numerical solution in the time domain can be transformed into a frequency domain and subsequently used to solve various engineering tasks.

  6. Initial analysis on early destruction of asphalt pavement%沥青路面早期损坏原因浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜金节

    2009-01-01

    The author analyzes the early destruction of the asphalt pavement, discusses on it from aspects of pavement design, foundation con-struction, raw material and mixture and mixture design, construction control, maintenance management and other aspects, gets research on all kinds of parameters on pavement early destruction, reaches the effect of preventing pavement early destruction.%对沥青路面的早期损坏进行了分析,从路面设计、基层施工、原材料及混合料设计、施工控制、养护管理及其他方面进行了论述,进行了各种因素对路面早期损坏的研究,达到了预防路面早期损坏的效果.

  7. Using Recycled Glass and Zeolite in Concrete Pavement to Mitigate Heat Island and Reduce Thermal Cracks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erhan Burak Pancar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Urban heat island (UHI effect is built environmental issue related to pavements. It is desired to reduce pavement high surface temperature in summer to mitigate UHI effect. High surface temperature also affects slab temperature difference (the top surface temperature minus the bottom surface temperature of the slab. The increased slab temperature difference induces a high possibility of cracking in concrete roads. The prime aim of this study was to reduce the slab surface temperature by using recycled glass as a fine aggregate and zeolite as cement in concrete. Recycled glass was used to replace fine aggregate in proportions of 10%, 20%, and 30% by total weight of aggregate. Zeolite replaced Portland cement in proportions of 10% and 30% for three different proportions of recycled glass concrete mixtures. Optimum proportions were determined by examining mechanical properties of samples and alkali-silica reactions. It was noticed that using recycled glass and zeolite together in concrete reduces pavement surface temperature and temperature gradient in summer.

  8. Study on Hot In-Place Recycling Technology of Asphalt Pavement%沥青路面就地热再生技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐安花; 房建宏

    2015-01-01

    As a kind of regenerative preventative maintenance technology ,hot in -place recycling technolo‐gy of asphalt pavement ,is effective on performance recovery of asphalt pavement .By using this technology ,as‐phalt pavement can be repaired rapidly and continuously .In this paper ,technical principles and attentions of hot in-place recycling technology of asphalt pavement are clarified in terms of suitability ,material design etc ., w hich provides references on the application of hot in -place recycling technology .%沥青路面就地热再生技术是一种可有效恢复沥青路面路用性能的再生型预防性养护技术,可实现沥青路面面层的快速、连续修复。从就地热再生的适应性、再生原理、材料设计等方面阐释了沥青路面就地热再生的技术原理及注意事项,为就地热再生技术的推广应用提供技术借鉴。

  9. Paint Pavement Marking Performance Prediction Model That Includes the Impacts of Snow Removal Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    Hypothesized that snow plows wear down mountain road pavement markings. 2007 Craig et al. -Edge lines degrade slower than center/skip lines 2007...retroreflectivity to create the models. They discovered that paint pavement markings last 80% longer on Portland Cement Concrete than Asphalt Concrete at low AADT...retroreflectivity, while yellow markings lost 21%. Lu and Barter attributed the sizable degradation to snow removal, sand application, and studded

  10. Factors affecting the deterioration of concrete pavement slabs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.M. Morozov

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The behavior of constructions under actual operating conditions is affected by exposure to the environment. It is important that concrete roads and airport pavings are resistant not only to mechanical damage, but also to the effects of alternate freezing and thawing. The causes of early failure in concrete have been shown using prefabricated road slabs as an example. The causes of loss of performance properties of the roadway have been established, which are primarily dependent on the quality of raw materials in the concrete. It was found that, aside from durability, uniformity and porosity are important factors in determining the frost resistance of concrete roadways. It was shown that high aluminate content in the cement leads to concrete destruction in the first year of structure use. The results may also indirectly indicate a violation of forming technology during slab production.

  11. 纳米改性沥青混合料路用性能%Pavement performance of nanomaterial modified asphalt mixture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙璐; 辛宪涛; 任皎龙

    2013-01-01

    The high temperature stability,the low temperature crack resistance and the water stability of nano-SiO2 modified asphalt mixture,bentonite modified asphalt mixture,nano-SiO2/bentonite complex modified asphalt mixture and nano-SiO2/bentonite/SBS complex modified asphalt mixture are studied by laboratory experiments in comparison with matrix asphalt mixture and SBS modified asphalt.The results show that compared with matrix asphalt mixture,the high temperature stability and the water stability of nano-SiO2 modified asphalt mixture,bentonite modified asphalt mixture and nano-SiO2/bentonite complex modified asphalt mixture increase 56% to 77% and 3% to 7%,respectively,while there are no obvious differences when compared with SBS modified asphalt mixture.The high temperature stability and the water stability of nano-SiO2/bentonite/SBS complex modified asphalt mixture are the highest in the six kinds of asphalt,and they are 86% and 3% higher than those of SBS modified asphalt mixture respectively.The low temperature performance of nanoSiO2 modified asphalt mixture,bentonite modified asphalt mixture and nano-SiO2/bentonite complex modified asphalt mixture decreases slightly,but it still satisfies the requirement of the low temperature crack resistance on asphalt pavement.Therefore,the nanomaterial modified asphalt mixture has excellent pavement performance and it is suitable for the application of asphalt modified technology.%通过室内试验研究了纳米SiO2改性沥青混合料、膨润土改性沥青混合料、纳米SiO2/膨润土复合改性沥青混合料、纳米SiO2/膨润土/SBS复合改性沥青混合料的高温稳定性、低温抗裂性和水稳定性,并与基质沥青混合料和SBS改性沥青混合料进行对比.结果表明,纳米SiO2改性沥青混合料、膨润土改性沥青混合料、纳米SiO2/膨润土复合改性沥青混合料的高温稳定性较基质沥青提高了56% ~77%,水稳定性提高了3% ~7%,与SBS改

  12. 温再生沥青混合料路用性能的试验研究%Research on the pavement performance of warm- recycled asphalt mixture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张德豪; 刘岩

    2015-01-01

    温再生沥青混合料是一种基于温拌沥青技术的新型再生沥青混合料,实现了旧沥青混合料(RAP)循环利用和节能减排的双重目标。本文通过与热再生沥青混合料的对比试验,研究了不同旧料掺量下温再生沥青混合料的路用性能。结果表明:温再生沥青混合料各项指标均已接近或达到了热再生沥青混合料的性能,而且旧料的掺配率可以提高10%左右;旧料掺量为20~30%时,温再生混合料的性能良好,可用于城市道路沥青路面的建设。%Warm-recycled asphalt mixture is a new type of pavement material that can realize the RAP recycling and energy saving and emission reduction. Trough the comparative test of hot-recycled asphalt mixture, the article studied the comprehensive pavement performance of warm-recycled asphalt mixture with the addition of different reclaimed asphalt pavement(RAP) admixture amount. The results showed that: all indicators of the warm- recycled asphalt mixture were close to or reached the performance of hot-recycled asphalt mixture,and the admixture amount of RAP can be improved about 10%. The RAP content should be among 20~30% when the WMA recycled mixture used in high grade highway construction.

  13. Application of Common Mid-Point Method to Estimate Asphalt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Shan; Al-Aadi, Imad

    2015-04-01

    3-D radar is a multi-array stepped-frequency ground penetration radar (GPR) that can measure at a very close sampling interval in both in-line and cross-line directions. Constructing asphalt layers in accordance with specified thicknesses is crucial for pavement structure capacity and pavement performance. Common mid-point method (CMP) is a multi-offset measurement method that can improve the accuracy of the asphalt layer thickness estimation. In this study, the viability of using 3-D radar to predict asphalt concrete pavement thickness with an extended CMP method was investigated. GPR signals were collected on asphalt pavements with various thicknesses. Time domain resolution of the 3-D radar was improved by applying zero-padding technique in the frequency domain. The performance of the 3-D radar was then compared to that of the air-coupled horn antenna. The study concluded that 3-D radar can be used to predict asphalt layer thickness using CMP method accurately when the layer thickness is larger than 0.13m. The lack of time domain resolution of 3-D radar can be solved by frequency zero-padding. Keywords: asphalt pavement thickness, 3-D Radar, stepped-frequency, common mid-point method, zero padding.

  14. 浅析G206国道景德镇段白改黑路面改造设计与施工%Design and Construction of Pavement Asphalt Transformation in Jingdezhen Section of G206 National Highway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程曦; 施璐

    2014-01-01

    This paper combines with an example to analyze the importance of the design and construction of pavement asphalt transformation by rubblization in old cement pavement.%本文结合实例浅析老水泥路面采用碎石化进行白改黑改造设计与施工的要点。

  15. Overlaying Design of Lianguang Road Old Asphalt Pavement%联广路旧沥青路面加铺设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈燕飞

    2013-01-01

    Through the Lianguang road pavement reconstruction project, this paper introduced the assessment of asphalt pavement surface distress situation and proposed the different overlaying designs for different road damage situation.%  通过联广路路面改造项目,介绍沥青路面破损状况分析评定,针对不同的路面破损情况提出不同的旧路加铺设计方案。

  16. Sensitivity analysis of asphalt-pavement structure dynamic responses under heavy load

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZHANG Lijuan

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available With the 3-Dimensional finite-element dynamic model,the influence of axis-load,axis-speed,and pavement structure parameters on dynamic performance of pavement structure is studied.The results show that with the increase in load,the dynamic response of pavement is nearly proportional to axis-load and increases noticeably;Axis-speed influences the dynamic response to some extent.With the increase of axis-speed,dynamic response of pavement structure increases firstly.With axis-speed further increasing,dynamic response of pavement structure then decreases gradually.For fatigue failure,the influence of heavy-load with common moving speed is much greater than that of static load.Among the pavement structure parameters,thickness of surface-layer has a significant effect on shear stress and the compression stress at road surface.Subgrade modulus has a significant effect on road surface deflection,tensile stress at the bottom of subbase,and compression-strain at the top of subgrade.

  17. A Methodology for Determination of Resilient Modulus of Asphaltic Concrete

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Patel

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Resilient modulus, , is an important parameter for designing pavements. However, its determination by resorting to cyclic triaxial tests is tedious and time consuming. Moreover, empirical relationships, correlating to various other material properties (namely, California Bearing Ratio, CBR; Limerock Bearing Ratio, LBR; R-value and the Soil Support Value, SSV, give vast variation in the estimated results. With this in view, an electronic circuitry, which employs bender and extender elements (i.e., piezo-ceramic elements, was developed. Details of the circuitry and the testing methodology adopted for this purpose are presented in this paper. This methodology helps in determining the resilient modulus of the material quite precisely. Further, it is believed that this methodology would be quite useful to engineers and technologists for conducting quality check of the pavements, quite rapidly and easily.

  18. Asbestos Tailings as Aggregates for Asphalt Mixture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Xinoming; XU Linrong

    2011-01-01

    To use many asbestos tailings collected in Ya-Lu highway, and to explore the feasibility of using asbestos tailings as aggregates in common asphalt mixtures, and properties of some asphalt mixtures were evaluated as well. X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescent (XRF), and atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) were employed to determine the solid waste content of copper, zinc, lead, and cadmium. Volume properties and pavement performances of AC-25 asphalt mixture with asbestos tailings were also evaluated compared with those with basalt as aggregates.XRD and XRF measurement results infer that asbestos tailing is an excellent road material. Volume properties of AC-25 asphalt mixture with asbestos tailings satisfied the related specifications. No heavy metals and toxic pollution were detected in AAS test and the value of pH test is 8.23, which is help to the adhesion with asphalt in the asphalt concrete. When compared with basalt, high temperature property and the resistance to low temperature cracking of AC-25 asphalt mixture was improved by using asbestos tailings as aggregates. In-service AC-25 asphalt pavement with asbestos tailings also presented excellent performance and British Pendulum Number (BPN) coefficient of surface.

  19. Problems of Asphalt Pavement Design Method%沥青路面设计方法中存在的问题探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    索函军

    2014-01-01

    简单阐述了经验法和力学-经验法等国外沥青路面设计方法和国内的设计要求,分析我国现行的沥青路面设计方法中存在的问题,提出设计标准和材料参数等方面的建议。%This paper briefly describes the foreign asphalt pavement methods as empirical method and me-chanical-empirical method, together with the domestic design requirements, analyzes issues existing in China’ s current asphalt pavement design method, and gives some suggestions in the aspects of design standards and material parameters.

  20. Estudo de misturas asfálticas com ligante modificado pelo polímero EVA para pavimentos urbanos de Manaus - AM Study of asphalt mixtures containing a binder modified with EVA polymer for use in urban pavements in Manaus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela M. G. D'Antona

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A presente pesquisa buscou soluções com materiais alternativos visando à construção de pavimentos urbanos para Manaus (AM com maior vida útil e condizente com as suas condições de serviço, em particular, o seu desempenho mecânico frente às temperaturas regionais. Estudou-se o ligante regional, CAP 50/70, misturado com 4% do polímero EVA, e como partícipe em compósitos asfálticos. A incorporação do mencionado polímero teve como objetivo melhorar suas propriedades reológicas e, por conseguinte, o comportamento mecânico desse compósito - concreto asfáltico, empregado como revestimento nas vias urbanas da Capital do Estado do Amazonas. Os ligantes (virgem e modificado foram caracterizados conforme a especificação da ANP e a metodologia Superpave. As misturas asfálticas foram avaliadas pelo ensaio de fluência por compressão axial, com carregamento dinâmico à temperatura de 40 ºC. O material asfáltico modificado com EVA (AMP EVA demonstrou melhores propriedades reológicas ou equivalentes ao asfalto convencional (REMAN, ao longo de todos os ensaios de caracterização. As misturas alternativas compostas com o CAP modificado (SEVA obtiveram desempenho mecânico superior ao de misturas com cimento asfáltico habitualmente comercializado na região (SMAN.In this research we investigated alternative materials to build urban pavements in Manaus, seeking for pavements with longer lifetime for usage and suitable mechanical properties to withstand the local temperatures. The asphaltic mixtures contained a regional binder, namely CAP 50/70, mixed with 4% of EVA polymer. The incorporation of the latter polymer was aimed at improving the rheological properties of asphaltic concrete used in roads in the Amazonas' capital. The asphalt binders (original and modified were characterized in accordance with the ANP (National Petroleum Agency specification and the Superpave methodology. The asphalt mixtures had their mechanical properties

  1. Design and Application of Anti Rutting in Asphalt Pavement in Long and steep sections%长大纵坡路段抗车辙沥青路面的设计及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玲

    2015-01-01

    针对沥青路面特别是长大纵坡路段车辙的成因,分析抗车辙沥青路面设计对策,包括沥青路面结构层设计和沥青混合料设计。实际应用表明,通过加大沥青层厚度,优化沥青混合料性能,能确保沥青路面良好的抗车辙性能,促进路面使用性能提升。%This paper introduces the causes of asphalt pavement rutting,especially in long and steep sections,pavement design and analysis of anti rutting asphalt,mainly including the asphalt pavement structure layer design and asphalt mixture design.Application results show that the addition of Dali green layer thickness and optimization of asphalt mixture performance can ensure good performance of anti rutting of asphalt pavement,and improve pavement performance.

  2. DEVELOPMENT OF METHODS IMPROVING INDUSTRIAL SAFETY OF TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES IN ASPHALT-CONCRETE PLANT MIXERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. A. Ivanova

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement. The problem of improvement of industrial safety of technol-ogical processes in mixers of asphalt-concrete plants is considered on the basis of analysis of organic impurities content in incomplete combustion products, and es-timation of efficiency of purification of asphalt-concrete plant emissions in the presence of “wet” flue gas purification system is given.Results and conclusions. It has been found that the efficiency of hydrocarbon fuel burning affects the amount of hydrophobic dust thrown into the atmosphere, and burning of heavy fuel oil is attended by significant incompleteness of fuel combustion, and this is connected with the processes of fuel dispersion and evapo-ration. The optimal measures for efficient combustion and cleaning of hydrophob-ic dust are described.

  3. 浅析长寿命沥青路面的发展现状及设计理念%Initial analysis on development situation and design idea of asphalt pavement with long service life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莉华; 藏芝树

    2009-01-01

    According to the review on the corresponding material, the paper mainly introduces the development current situation and structural design characteristics of the asphalt pavement with long service life, and points out that compared with traditional asphalt pavement, the as-phalt pavement with long service life can avoid early destruction effectively, improve the service life of the pavement greatly and its mainte-nance is economical and convenient.%通过对相关资料的概括,主要介绍了长寿命沥青路面的发展现状及结构设计特点,并指出与传统的沥青路面相比,长寿命沥青路面能够有效地避免早期破坏,并且能大幅度地提高路面使用寿命且维修经济简便.

  4. Comparative Evaluation of Pavement Crack Detection Using Kernel-Based Techniques in Asphalt Road Surfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miraliakbari, A.; Sok, S.; Ouma, Y. O.; Hahn, M.

    2016-06-01

    With the increasing demand for the digital survey and acquisition of road pavement conditions, there is also the parallel growing need for the development of automated techniques for the analysis and evaluation of the actual road conditions. This is due in part to the resulting large volumes of road pavement data captured through digital surveys, and also to the requirements for rapid data processing and evaluations. In this study, the Canon 5D Mark II RGB camera with a resolution of 21 megapixels is used for the road pavement condition mapping. Even though many imaging and mapping sensors are available, the development of automated pavement distress detection, recognition and extraction systems for pavement condition is still a challenge. In order to detect and extract pavement cracks, a comparative evaluation of kernel-based segmentation methods comprising line filtering (LF), local binary pattern (LBP) and high-pass filtering (HPF) is carried out. While the LF and LBP methods are based on the principle of rotation-invariance for pattern matching, the HPF applies the same principle for filtering, but with a rotational invariant matrix. With respect to the processing speeds, HPF is fastest due to the fact that it is based on a single kernel, as compared to LF and LBP which are based on several kernels. Experiments with 20 sample images which contain linear, block and alligator cracks are carried out. On an average a completeness of distress extraction with values of 81.2%, 76.2% and 81.1% have been found for LF, HPF and LBP respectively.

  5. COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF PAVEMENT CRACK DETECTION USING KERNEL-BASED TECHNIQUES IN ASPHALT ROAD SURFACES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Miraliakbari

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available With the increasing demand for the digital survey and acquisition of road pavement conditions, there is also the parallel growing need for the development of automated techniques for the analysis and evaluation of the actual road conditions. This is due in part to the resulting large volumes of road pavement data captured through digital surveys, and also to the requirements for rapid data processing and evaluations. In this study, the Canon 5D Mark II RGB camera with a resolution of 21 megapixels is used for the road pavement condition mapping. Even though many imaging and mapping sensors are available, the development of automated pavement distress detection, recognition and extraction systems for pavement condition is still a challenge. In order to detect and extract pavement cracks, a comparative evaluation of kernel-based segmentation methods comprising line filtering (LF, local binary pattern (LBP and high-pass filtering (HPF is carried out. While the LF and LBP methods are based on the principle of rotation-invariance for pattern matching, the HPF applies the same principle for filtering, but with a rotational invariant matrix. With respect to the processing speeds, HPF is fastest due to the fact that it is based on a single kernel, as compared to LF and LBP which are based on several kernels. Experiments with 20 sample images which contain linear, block and alligator cracks are carried out. On an average a completeness of distress extraction with values of 81.2%, 76.2% and 81.1% have been found for LF, HPF and LBP respectively.

  6. Performance Review of Permeable Asphalt Pavement%透水性沥青路面路用性能研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高岩; 郑丹丹; 朱坤佳; 王兴国

    2013-01-01

    近年来,透水性沥青路面在国内外得到了越来越多的应用.介绍了透水性沥青路面结构特点及原材料选择原则,重点介绍了国内外渗透系数的测试方法及目标空隙率的确定;同时,对透水性沥青路面降温、降噪、抗车辙等路用性能的研究现状做了详细的论述;并提出施工中存在的问题和建议,为透水性沥青路面的进一步推广提供参考价值.%In recent years,the permeable asphalt pavement has been wildly used at home and abroad.Its structure characteristics and raw materials selection principles are introduced in this paper and mainly described the test device of permeability coefficient and the relation between permeability coefficient and percentage of voids.Meanwhile,the road performance of asphalt pavement about cooling,noise reduction,anti-rutting and many aspects have been made a detailed elaboration,and also been put forward the existing problems and suggestions in the process of construction.It will be a reference for the further popularization of the permeable asphalt pavement.

  7. Cement treated recycled crushed concrete and masonry aggregates for pavements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Xuan, D.X.

    2012-01-01

    This research is focusing on the characterization of the mechanical and deformation properties of cement treated mixtures made of recycled concrete and masonry aggregates (CTMiGr) in relation to their mixture variables. An extensive laboratory investigation was carried out, in which the mechanical p

  8. 道路设计中的沥青路面结构组合要点%The combination key points of asphalt pavement structure in road design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琳

    2014-01-01

    主要对道路设计中沥青路面结构组合类型选择时需遵循的因地制宜原则、方便施工与养护原则、综合排水设计原则及增加路面结构层功能性原则进行了阐述,并对沥青路面结构组合的类型以及各层次之间的影响作了分析,以提高路面结构的稳定性。%This paper mainly elaborated the followed act according to circumstances principle,convenient construction and maintenance princi-ple,comprehensive drainage design principle and increase pavement structure layer functional principles of asphalt pavement structure combina-tion type selection in road design,and analyzed the types of asphalt pavement structure combination and the influence of each level,in order to improve the stability of pavement structure.

  9. The Comprehensive Application of Nanometer Titanium Dioxide in Asphalt Pavement%纳米二氧化钛在沥青路面中的综合应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵路; 钱国平

    2013-01-01

    In the asphalt pavement application, titanium dioxide nanoparticles as a catalyst be used to degrade automobile exhaust, and improve the mechanical properties and durability of asphalt pavement in a certain extent. This paper summarizes the application of nanometer titanium dioxide in asphalt and asphalt mixture in the above two aspects, and prospect the development of nano titanium dioxide in the direction of the two study.%  纳米二氧化钛可以很好地催化降解汽车尾气,并在一定程度上改善沥青路面的力学性能和耐久性。本文从以上两方面归纳了纳米二氧化钛在沥青和沥青混合料中的中的应用,最后对纳米二氧化钛在这两个研究方向的发展进行了展望。

  10. Development of asphalts and pavements using recycled tire rubber. Phase 1, Technical feasibility. Technical progress report, September 1, 1994--August 31, 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bullin, J.A.; Davison, R.R.; Glover, C.J. [and others

    1996-06-01

    About 285 million tires are discarded every year; less than 100 million are currently being recycled, with the rest being placed in landfills and other waste sites. A solution to reduce the littering of the environment is to use ground tire rubber in road construction. Currently, about 27 million tons of asphalt are used each year in road construction and maintenance of the country`s 2 million miles of roads. If all of the waste tire rubber could be combined with asphalt in road construction, it would displace less than 6% of the total asphalt used each year, yet could save about 60 trillion Btus annually. Purpose of this project is to provide data needed to optimize the performance of rubber-asphalt concretes. The first phase is to develop asphalts and recycling agents tailored for compatibility with ground tire rubber. Chapter 2 presents results on Laboratory Testing and Evaluation: fractionate asphalt material, reblending for aromatic asphalts, verifying optimal curing parameters, aging of blends, and measuring ductilities of asphalt-rubber binders. Chapter 3 focuses on Evaluating Mixture Characteristics (modified binders). Chapter 4 covers Adhesion Test Development (water susceptibility is also covered). The final chapter focuses on the Performance/Economic Update and Commercialization Plan.

  11. 探讨沥青路面车辙产生原因及其防治措施%Discussion on the causes and preventive measures of asphalt pavement rutting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景运峰

    2014-01-01

    This paper introduced simply the mechanism and types of rutting production, analyzed the influence of asphalt mixture, filler and as-phalt ratio, aggregate, filler, asphalt surface layer thickness to rutting, and proposed corresponding prevention measures, in order to reduce the asphalt pavement diseases, prolong the service life of asphalt pavement.%对车辙产生的机理及类型作了简单介绍,分析了沥青混合料、粉胶比、集料、沥青面层厚度对车辙产生的影响,并提出了针对性的防治措施,以减少沥青路面病害的产生,延长沥青路面的使用寿命。

  12. Effect of Coupling Interval of Heavy Lorry on Asphalt Pavement%重型货车联轴间距对沥青路面的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁和平; 何杰; 陈一锴; 刘霞

    2011-01-01

    Different coupling intervals can affect characteristic of asphalt pavement. A 3D FEA model of semi-rigid base asphalt pavement was established with ANSYS software, and a dynamic model of a brand of truck was established with Adams software to analyze the dynamic response of asphalt pavement under non-uniform dynamic load and different coupling intervals of double-axle truck. The results show that the road surface deflection, the bottom stress of asphalt surface layer, the bottom stress of base layer and the bottom normal strain of the asphalt surface layer are smaller when the coupling interval of the truck model is 1 440 mm. So there is an "optimal distance" makes the minimum damage of the asphalt pavement, thus the effect of coupling interval on the damage of road could be considered in the design of heavy lorry.%车辆联轴间距的不同会对路面造成影响,采用ANSYS软件建立半刚性基层沥青路面的三维有限元分析模型,采用Adams软件建立某品牌重型货车的车辆动力学模型,分析非均布动载荷下双联轴货车联轴间距不同时路面的动态响应特性.结果表明,该车型在联轴间距为1440mm时,路表动态弯沉、沥青面层层底应力、基层层底应力以及沥青面层层底正应变较小.可见,存在一个对于路面的“最优间距”使得车辆对路面的破坏最小,故在重型货车设计时可以兼顾联轴间距对道路的损伤.

  13. Three Permeable Pavements Performances for Priority Metal Pollutants and Metals associated with Deicing Chemicals from Edison Parking Lot, NJ - abstract

    Science.gov (United States)

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency constructed a 4000-m2 parking lot in Edison, New Jersey in 2009. The parking lot is surfaced with three permeable pavements [permeable interlocking concrete pavers (PICP), pervious concrete (PC), and porous asphalt (PA)]. Samples of each p...

  14. Three Permeable Pavements Performances for Priority Metal Pollutants and Metals Associated with Deicing Chemicals from Edison Parking Lot, NJ

    Science.gov (United States)

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency constructed a 4000-m2 parking lot in Edison, New Jersey in 2009. The parking lot is surfaced with three permeable pavements [permeable interlocking concrete pavers (PICP), pervious concrete (PC), and porous asphalt (PA)]. Samples of each p...

  15. 信息动态%A Research on the Pavement Performance of Warm Mix Buton Mastic Asphalt

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Compositing modified asphalt mixture is a kind of asphalt mixture which uses Buton Mastic Asphalt(BMA) and warm modifier compound modification. It is proved that the composite modified asphalt mixture technology can greatly reduce the mixing temperature, save energy and protect the environment, and can guarantee good road performance. Employing Buton Mastic Asphalt as modifier can obviously increase the high temperature stability of asphalt mixture, with little impact on low temperature performance.

  16. 丹通高速公路沥青路面新材料、新工艺的应用%Application of New Material and New Technology of Asphalt Pavement of Dantong Expressway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘立安

    2012-01-01

    Several new ideas adopted in Dantong Expressway pavement design are introduced, including rubber asphalt, flame retardant asphalt, warm mix asphalt, large grain size asphalt macadam and cement stabilized macadam base course in the type of closed skeleton compaction.%介绍了丹通高速路面设计采用的一些新的材料和新的工艺,包括橡胶沥青、阻燃沥青、温拌沥青、大粒径沥青碎石以及紧密嵌挤骨架密实型水泥稳定碎石基层。

  17. Morphological Algorithms For The Analysis Of Pavement Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grivas, Dimitri A.; Skolnick, Michael M.

    1989-11-01

    The applicability of morphological image processing techniques for the description of condition and analysis of pavement surfaces is examined. Morphological techniques can be used in the measurement of pavement media consisting of grain (aggregates) and binding substances (bituminous or Portland cement mixtures). Measurements of size and size distributions on surface features related to texture and distresses can be obtained via morphological opening and closing transformations and distributions. When correlated with actual physical measurements of such quantities, the presented morphological measures of size and size distributions may prove to be useful in characterizing the surface condition of both asphalt and concrete pavement structures.

  18. 基于公路沥青面层的碎石针状颗粒超量分析%On overfilling analysis of gravel needle-shaped particles based on asphalt pavement of roads

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛艳霞

    2015-01-01

    The paper illustrates the quality demands for the concrete asphalt layer on the gravels,introduces the basic procedure for the manufac-turing of the gravel materials,and analyzes the reasons for the higher contents of the needle-shaped particles in gravels,and points out the effec-tive measures to control the particles contents,so as to ensure the construction quality of the asphalt pavement of roads.%阐述了混凝土沥青面层对碎石的质量要求,介绍了碎石集料生产工艺的基本流程,从原材料、喂料、加工工艺等方面入手,分析了碎石针片状颗粒含量偏高的原因,并提出了控制针状碎石含量的有效措施,从而保证公路沥青面层的施工质量。

  19. Composition of abraded dust from asphalt pavement produced using ferrochromium smelter slag (OKTO-aggregate)

    OpenAIRE

    Makowska, Michalina; Leveinen, Jussi; Pellinen, Terhi; Marjamaa, Riikka

    2015-01-01

    This report describes an investigation that took place at Aalto University commissioned by the Finnish Transport Agency about asphalt dust containing OKTO-aggregate. In the fall of 2013, Finnish newspaper headlines began to raise the issue of the occurrence of damaged timing belts in the Oulu region. It seemed to only concern certain models and was found in the form of a dust. The press reasoned that this "mysterious" dust must have originated from the aggregates abraded from the local Oulu r...

  20. Heterogeneous Photocatalysis Applied to Concrete Pavement for Air Remediation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballari, M. M.; Hunger, M.; Hüsken, G.; Brouwers, H. J. H.

    In the present work the degradation of nitrogen oxides (NOx) by concrete paving stones containing TiO2 to be applied in road construction is studied. A kinetic model is proposed to describe the photocatalytic reaction of nitric oxide (NO) in a standard flow laminar photoreactor irradiated with UV lamps. In addition the influence of several parameters that can affect the performance of these stones under outdoor conditions are investigated, such as irradiance, relative humidity and wind speed. The kinetic parameters present in the NO reaction rate are estimated employing experimental data obtained in the photoreactor. The obtained model predictions employing the determined kinetic constants are in good agreement with the experimental results of NO concentration at the reactor outlet.

  1. Influence of Aging and Water Enroach on Permeable Asphalt Concrete%多孔沥青混合料老化及水稳定性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张兴梅; 徐聪

    2015-01-01

    By specimens aging impact assessment permeable asphalt concrete pavement under dif-ferent conditions,different degrees of water against and compare different maximum nominal particle size gradation on engineering properties of difference.The results show that the indirect tensile strength,stabil-ity,resilience modulus,strength and other engineering properties after aging PAC specimens are showing an increasing trend,of which the best high viscosity modified asphalt,SBS modified asphalt,followed by 70 straight distilled bitumen minimum.Road test site core drilling specimens aged 60 ℃ viscosity index higher than the results of laboratory four days of aging,but showing a similar trend,display scene PAC pavement aging situation is obvious,and the use of high viscosity modified asphalt will not only help strength increase,but also slow the aging rate.%通过对试件进行不同程度老化评估透水沥青混凝土路面在不同水侵害条件下的影响,并比较不同最大公称粒径的级配在工程性质上的差异。结果显示,PAC 试件老化后的间接抗拉强度、稳定度、回弹模量等工程性质强度都呈现增加趋势,其中以高黏度改性沥青最佳,SBS 改性沥青次之,70号直馏沥青最低。试验路现场钻芯试件的60℃黏度老化指数高于实验室4 d 老化的结果,但呈现出相近趋势,显示现场 PAC 路面老化情形明显,且使用黏度较高的改性沥青不但有助于强度提升,更可以减缓其老化速度。

  2. Asphaltic Concrete Performance Under Heavy Fighter Aircraft Loading

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-02-01

    compacted to determine the effects of overfilling and underfilling the voids in the aggregate. Density and voids filled with binder are two of the...concrete were also taken at different pass levels to determine the change in air voids with traffic. Damage parameters were defined to provide a...149 I 89 Voids Total Mix Data and Interpolated Values Versus Station .............................................. 150 90 Voids Filled

  3. The Technology of Bare Concrete Pavement%清水混凝土人行道工艺

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈靖

    2014-01-01

    本文概述了道路清水混凝土人行道面层的设计及施工控制要点,阐述了如何完成美观与强度、耐久性兼容的混凝土面层。%This article summarizes the design and the key points of construction control to the surface of bare concrete pavement, and expounds how to achieve concrete pavement compatible with beauty, strength and durability.

  4. Experimental Studies on the M elting Snow Effect of Asphalt Concrete Pavement Reinforced with Carbon Fiber-glass Fiber Grating%铺设碳纤维-玻璃纤维格栅的沥青混凝土路面融雪试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁显宽; 孙明清; 李红; 张谢东; 孙文明

    2014-01-01

    Snow accumulation and ice in winter produce serious obstacles for traffic all over the world . In order to remove snow and ice as quickly as possible ,one type of convenient and efficient conductive grating material -carbon fiber-glass fiber grating is laid into the pavement as electric heating element , which can be powered on and produces quantity of heat ,and then the temperature of the road rises and snow is melted .Two different pavement models are tested in a testing chamber with the air tempera-ture of-6 .5℃ and the electricity power of about 300W/m2 .It is found that the reasonable arrange-ment of carbon fiber-glass fiber grating inside the pavement is 5cm below the surface of pavement . Field tests have also been performed to melt snow .Results show this method can be worked .%冬季冰雪天气严重影响着城市交通和道路交通,为了尽快的使道路上的积雪融化,研究一种既方便又快捷的材料---碳纤维-玻璃纤维格栅,将这种材料作为导电发热体铺设在路表面下,在冰雪天气对导电发热体进行通电、产生热量,通过热传递的方式使路表面温度升高.文中对铺设了碳纤维-玻璃纤维格栅的沥青混凝土路面进行升温和融雪模拟试验,研究了2种不同铺设方案下,在温度为-6.5℃、发热通电功率控制在300 W/m2时路面结构模型的升温情况,表明将格栅铺设在路面表层5 cm以下较为合理.通过现场的融雪试验表明,这种路面能实现融化积雪的功能.

  5. 渗透型养护剂在 BRT 沥青路面的应用研究%Application research of infiltration maintenance agent in asphalt pavement of BRT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林云腾

    2015-01-01

    本文研究了渗透型沥青路面养护剂对既有沥青路面路用性能的改善效果。以某既有BRT沥青路面为试验路段进行实际工程施工应用试验研究,对比有、无喷洒养护剂的沥青路面前后路用性能变化情况。试验研究表明:在既有沥青路面喷洒一定量的渗透型养护剂后,与未喷洒养护剂的沥青路面相比,沥青路面渗水能力明显降低,沥青混合料的粘结性能有较大的提高,抗滑性能变化不大,高温稳定性有明显提高。%The improvement results for aged asphalt pavement of an infiltration maintenance agent were studied in this paper.Based on the BRT asphalt pavement road section in Fujian province, the experiments in engineering construction application were conducted to compare the performance of asphalt pavement with or without the maintenance agent.The experimental results show that, compared with no spraying maintenance agent, spraying the ration of the infiltration maintenance agent in aged asphalt pavement can result in the dramatically decrease in permeability coefficient of asphalt pavement, greatly improvement in bonding properties of asphalt mixtures, little effect on the depth of pavement structure and significantly enhancement in stability at high temperatures.

  6. 城市道路地下管道对沥青路面结构影响的力学分析%Mechanical analysis of asphalt pavement structure affected by underground pipeline of urban road

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方诗圣; 李宏卓; 李贺才

    2011-01-01

    This paper establishes a three-dimensional finite element model of typical asphalt pavement structure for numerical simulation. Under the asphalt pavement weight and the vehicle load, the laws that the underground pipeline depth and backfill modulus change affect the asphalt pavement are analyzed. Under the asphalt pavement weight, the existence of underground pipelines and trenches changes the local stiffness of the asphalt pavement structure and causes the surface differential settlement.While under the vehicle load, the laws that the different underground pipeline depth and backfill modulus affect the surface settlement and internal forces are revealed. The study provides a theoretical reference for designing and constructing the municipal asphalt pavement structure on the top of the underground pipelines.%文章通过典型沥青路面结构的三维有限元数值模拟,分别计算了在路面重力和车辆荷载作用下,地下管道埋深以及回填土模量变化对沥青路面的影响规律.在沥青路面自重荷载作用下,由于地下管道和沟槽的存在改变了道路结构的局部刚度,路表产生了差异沉降;在车辆荷载的作用下,分析了不同管道埋深和回填土模最对路面沉降和内力的影响规律,为市政道路管道上方路面设计和施工提供了理论参考.

  7. Testing of asphalt mixture thermal conductivity and its influences on asphalt pavement temperature field%沥青路面导热系数测试及其对路面温度场影响的模拟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彦伟; 张倩; 谢来斌; 何勇海; 刘建

    2012-01-01

    沥青路面温度场是沥青路面车辙计算和沥青混合料粘弹性分析的重要参数,路面温度场的精确预估涉及到面层各层材料热物理参数的精确测试,因此沥青混合料热物理参数的准确测试变得越来越重要.基于对测试结果重现性和可比性的考虑,采用瞬态热线法进行沥青混合料导热系数的测试,选取几种有代表性的混合料进行了导热系数测试,分析了影响导热系数的因素.基于ABAQUS模拟计算路面温度场分布,通过改变路面上、中、下面层的导热系数,计算路面温度场分布变化的情形,对计算结果的分析发现,上面层导热系数对面层温度场分布的影响更显著,可以预期通过改变上面层导热系数能达到主动改善沥青路面工作温度的目的.%Accurate temperature field estimation is crucial to asphalt mixture's visco-elastic analysis and rutting depth calculation. Temperature filed estimation is closely related to pavement layers' thermal physical parameters. Therefore, precise testing of asphalt mixture physical parameters becomes more and more important. A-mong the thermal physical parameters, testing of thermal conductivity is given special attention because it's one of the most commonly used parameters of asphalt mixture. Hot wire method is considered a suitable method in testing HMA thermal conductivity coefficient and its testing principle is introduced. Thermal conductivities of four types of asphalt mixtures with different gradation are tested using transient hot wire method. And its influencing factors are analyzed. An asphalt pavement structure is modeled and its temperature field distribution was calculated using finite element software ABAQUS. Based on the calculation, it is found that asphalt pavement temperature field distributioVi changes with the change of thermal conductivities of the top layer, mid layer and bottom layer. It can be seen from the simulation result that thermal

  8. The Fuzzy Logic Model for the Prediction of Marshall Stability of Lightweight Asphalt Concretes Fabricated using Expanded Clay Aggregate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sercan SERİN

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In the study, predictability of Marshall Stability (MS of light asphalt concrete that fabricated using expanded clay and had varied mix properties with Fuzzy Logic (FL were researched. With this aim, asphalt concrete samples that added expanded clay aggregate (EC in accordance with gradation determined in Highway Technical Specification, had different percentage of bitumen (POB (4.5%, 5%, 5.5%, 6%, 6.5%, 7%, 7.5%, 8%, 8.5%, 9%, 9.5%, 10%, 10.5% and unit weight (UW (1,75–1,87 (gr/cm3 were prepared and determined Marshall stabilities with Marshall test

  9. Mechanics Analysis of Asphalt Treated Permeable Base Pavement%沥青稳定碎石排水基层沥青路面结构力学行为分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付军明; 孔令伟; 柯昌波; 党高峰

    2014-01-01

    开级配沥青稳定碎石排水基层沥青路面结构受力特性与传统半刚性基层沥青路面不同,应用基于多层弹性层状体系理论的 BISAR软件通过改变各个结构层的厚度和模量两个因素,计算得到了路面层底应力、最大剪应力和弯沉等力学指标的变化规律,对确定合理沥青稳定碎石排水基层沥青路面结构具有一定指导意义。%The mechanical characteristics of Asphalt treated permeable base (ATPB )is different from one of the traditional semi-rigid base asphalt pavement.Through the range of pavement thickness and modulus the Pavement stresses,Maximum shear stress and deflection are calculated by BISAR.The change law of mechanical characteristics of ATPB asphalt pavement is obtained in this paper.It can be re-fer to determine the ATPB asphalt pavement structure parameter.

  10. Laboratory performance of asphalt rubber mixtures

    OpenAIRE

    Fontes, Liseane; Trichês, Glicério; Pais, Jorge; Pereira, Paulo; Minhoto, Manuel

    2009-01-01

    Asphalt rubber mixtures are one of the most promising techniques to extend the service life of asphalt pavement overlays. Asphalt rubber binder is composed of crumb rubber from reclaimed tires and conventional asphalt. The asphalt rubber binder can be obtained through wet process in two different systems: tire rubber modified asphalt binder (produced at industrial plants) and continuous blending (produced in asphalt plants). This study presents a laboratory evaluation of asphalt rubber mixtur...

  11. Analysis of Instrumentation Selection and Placement to Monitor the Hydrologic Performance of Permeable Pavement Systems and Bioinfiltration Areas at the Edison Environmental Center in New Jersey

    Science.gov (United States)

    In 2009, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency constructed a 0.4-ha (1-ac) parking lot surfaced with three different permeable pavement types (interlocking concrete pavers, porous concrete, and porous asphalt) and six bioinfiltration areas with three different drainage area to...

  12. 浅析沥青路面裂缝%Ways to Control the Cracks in the Asphalt Pavement in Municipal Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伏修传

    2012-01-01

    结合工作实践,总结分析了城市道路沥青路面裂缝的形成、危害及裂缝的种类、产生原因,并提出对裂缝的预防和处理措施。%Based on many years of practices,the paper summarizes the causes of cracks in the asphalt pavement of urban roads and the influences of raw materials,design and construction,analyzes the forming,hazards,causes and types of the cracks and proposes some preventive and controlling measures.

  13. Comparative field permeability measurement of permeable pavements using ASTM C1701 and NCAT permeameter methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hui; Kayhanian, Masoud; Harvey, John T

    2013-03-30

    Fully permeable pavement is gradually gaining support as an alternative best management practice (BMP) for stormwater runoff management. As the use of these pavements increases, a definitive test method is needed to measure hydraulic performance and to evaluate clogging, both for performance studies and for assessment of permeability for construction quality assurance and maintenance needs assessment. Two of the most commonly used permeability measurement tests for porous asphalt and pervious concrete are the National Center for Asphalt Technology (NCAT) permeameter and ASTM C1701, respectively. This study was undertaken to compare measured values for both methods in the field on a variety of permeable pavements used in current practice. The field measurements were performed using six experimental section designs with different permeable pavement surface types including pervious concrete, porous asphalt and permeable interlocking concrete pavers. Multiple measurements were performed at five locations on each pavement test section. The results showed that: (i) silicone gel is a superior sealing material to prevent water leakage compared with conventional plumbing putty; (ii) both methods (NCAT and ASTM) can effectively be used to measure the permeability of all pavement types and the surface material type will not impact the measurement precision; (iii) the permeability values measured with the ASTM method were 50-90% (75% on average) lower than those measured with the NCAT method; (iv) the larger permeameter cylinder diameter used in the ASTM method improved the reliability and reduced the variability of the measured permeability.

  14. Mechanism of Fume Suppression and Performance on Asphalt of Expanded Graphite for Pavement under High Temperature Condition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Gang; HE Zhaoyi; HUANG Yangcheng; ZHOU Chao; YUAN Xiaoya

    2014-01-01

    Fume suppression mechanisms and the effect of expanded graphite on the performance of asphalt were studied by applying infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and comprehensive thermal analysis (TG, DSC). The experimental results confirm that asphalt which is mixed with expandable graphite will expand in the process of hot mix, and the expanded graphite layer will swell by the light component in the asphalt. The light component in the asphalt and PAHs adsorption on expanded graphite surface or part of the plug in the expanded graphite layer between plates made nucleation crystallization growth. And the Van der Waals force and the bonding of the lattice can effectively restrain the asphalt fume release. Meanwhile, the expanding agent with oxidative can spread into the asphalt, leading to asphalt oxygenated and plastic abate, while the ductility decreases. Expanded graphite, SBS modifier and environment- friendly plasticizers are used to composite modified asphalt. According to asphalt fume release experiment, normal test of asphalt performance, Brookfield viscosity test, RTFOT test and asphalt mixture tests (high temperature stability, low temperature stability, water stability), it has been proven that the modified asphalt’s performance is better than that of matrix asphalt and equivalent to that of SBS modified asphalt. Furthermore, it has good fume suppression effect.

  15. The Gravel Construction Technology and Quality Control of Cement Concrete Pavement%水泥混凝土路面碎石化施工工艺及质量控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王方河

    2013-01-01

    The technology of rubblization is an important me-ans to overhaul of cement concrete pavement, which broke the cement concrete pavement into smal interlocking particles to provide ideal primary for the new asphalt concrete overlay. In this article, the author bases on the example of rebuild project of G312 Luan, and talk about some ideas on the gravel constr-uction technology and quality control.%  碎石化技术是水泥混凝土路面大修改造的重要手段,该技术通过将水泥混凝土路面破碎成小粒径嵌挤颗粒,从而为新的沥青混凝土加铺层提供理想的基层。本文主要结合G312六安段改建工程的实际情况,对碎石化施工工艺及质量控制谈一点心得。

  16. Investigating the Effects of Nanoclay and Nylon Fibers on the Mechanical Properties of Asphalt Concrete

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Taherkhani

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the effects of reinforcement by randomly distributed nylon fibers and addition of nanoclay on some engineering properties of a typical asphalt concrete. The properties of asphalt concrete reinforced by different percentages of 25 mm nylon fibers have been compared with those of the mixtures containing different percentages of nanoclay and those in which both the fibers and nanoclay have been included. Engineering properties, including Marshall stability, resilient modulus, dynamic creep and fatigue life have been studied. Nylon fibers have been used in different percentages of 0.1, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4% (by the weight of total mixture, and nanoclay has been used in 2, 4 and 7% (by the weight of bitumen. It is found that the addition of fibers is more effective than the nanoclay for increasing the resistance against fatigue cracking. However, nanoclay improves the resistance of the mixture against permanent deformation better than the nylon fibers. The results also show that the mixture reinforced by 0.4% of nylon fibers and containing 7% of nanoclay has the highest resilient modulus, Marshall stability and fatigue life. However, the mixture containing only 7% of nanoclay has the highest resistance against permanent deformation.

  17. Mechanistic Methodology for Airport Pavement Design with Engineering Fabrics. Volume 1. Theoretical and Experimental Bases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-08-01

    DOTIFAAIPM-8419,, Mechanistic Methodology for Program Engineering& Airport Pavement Design with Maintenance Service Engineerin Washington, D.C. 20591...Reflective cracks require labor intensive operations for crack sealing and patching, thus becoming a significant maintenance expense item. The problem of...models or prediciting allowable critical strains are not available. The problems are complicated further by the fact that since asphaltic concrete is a

  18. Application of a bio-binder as a rejuvenator for wet processed asphalt shingles in pavement construction

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates the merits of application of bio-binder to enhance rheological properties of asphalt binder in the presence of wet processed recycled asphalt shingles (RAS). It will further examine the performance and workability of asphalt designed with and without a specified percentage of a bio-binder produced from swine manure and RAS. Bio-binder was introduced to liquid asphalt binder modified with four different percentages of RAS; the high and low temperature properties of each...

  19. Integration of a prototype wireless communication system with micro-electromechanical temperature and humidity sensor for concrete pavement health monitoring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuo Yang

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, structural health monitoring and management (SHMM has become a popular approach and is considered essential for achieving well-performing, long-lasting, sustainable transportation infrastructure systems. Key requirements in ideal SHMM of road infrastructure include long-term, continuous, and real-time monitoring of pavement response and performance under various pavement geometry-materials-loading configurations and environmental conditions. With advancements in wireless technologies, integration of wireless communications into sensing device is considered an alternate and superior solution to existing time- and labor-intensive wired sensing systems in meeting the requirements of an ideal SHMM. This study explored the development and integration of a wireless communications sub-system into a commercial off-the-shelf micro-electromechanical sensor-based concrete pavement monitoring system. A success-rate test was performed after the wireless transmission system was buried in the concrete slab, and the test results indicated that the system was able to provide reliable communications at a distance of more than 46 m (150 feet. This will be a useful feature for highway engineers performing routine pavement scans from the pavement shoulder without the need for traffic control or road closure.

  20. A FEASIBILITY STUDY ON USE OF GENERIC MOBILE LASER SCANNING SYSTEM FOR DETECTING ASPHALT PAVEMENT CRACKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    X. Chen

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to automatically detect pavement cracks on urban roads by employing the 3D point clouds acquired by a mobile laser scanning (MLS system. Our method consists of four steps: ground point filtering, high-pass convolution, matched filtering, and noise removal. First, a voxel-based upward growing method is applied to construct Digital Terrain Model (DTM of the road surface. Then, a high-pass filter convolutes the DTM to detect local elevation changes that may embed cracking information. Next, a two-step matched filter is applied to extract crack features. Lastly, a noise removal process is conducted to refine the results. Instead of using MLS intensity, this study takes advantages of the MLS elevation information to perform automated crack detection from large-volume, mixed-density, unstructured MLS point clouds. Four types of cracks including longitudinal, transvers, random, and alligator cracks are detected. Our results demonstrated that the proposed method works well with the RIEGL VMX-450 point clouds and can detect cracks in moderate-to-severe severity (13 - 25 mm within a 200 m by 30 m urban road segment located in Kingston, Ontario, at one time. Due to the resolution capability, small cracks with slight severity remain unclear in the MLS point cloud.

  1. a Feasibility Study on Use of Generic Mobile Laser Scanning System for Detecting Asphalt Pavement Cracks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xinqu; Li, Jonathan

    2016-06-01

    This study aims to automatically detect pavement cracks on urban roads by employing the 3D point clouds acquired by a mobile laser scanning (MLS) system. Our method consists of four steps: ground point filtering, high-pass convolution, matched filtering, and noise removal. First, a voxel-based upward growing method is applied to construct Digital Terrain Model (DTM) of the road surface. Then, a high-pass filter convolutes the DTM to detect local elevation changes that may embed cracking information. Next, a two-step matched filter is applied to extract crack features. Lastly, a noise removal process is conducted to refine the results. Instead of using MLS intensity, this study takes advantages of the MLS elevation information to perform automated crack detection from large-volume, mixed-density, unstructured MLS point clouds. Four types of cracks including longitudinal, transvers, random, and alligator cracks are detected. Our results demonstrated that the proposed method works well with the RIEGL VMX-450 point clouds and can detect cracks in moderate-to-severe severity (13 - 25 mm) within a 200 m by 30 m urban road segment located in Kingston, Ontario, at one time. Due to the resolution capability, small cracks with slight severity remain unclear in the MLS point cloud.

  2. Performance Evaluation of Asphalt Modified with Municipal Wastes for Sustainable Pavement Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Nasir Amin

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The severe hot temperature and high traffic loadings in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA are causing distress in flexible pavements within a few years of service. Secondly, the conventional bitumen extracted from Saudi oil refineries have a performance grade of 64-10 (PG 64-10, which does not meet the SuperPave performance grade requirement for most of the KSA’s regions. In order to improve the performance grade of bitumen, different percentages of municipal wastes (plastic and crumb rubber were used as bitumen additives. The performance of bitumen at low, intermediate, and high temperatures was evaluated. This is important as the waste production is rising significantly due to the fast urbanization and high population growth in the KSA. Particularly, when there are very few ways of recycling these wastes (municipal, as well as industrial, which in fact have great impact on the environment. High-density polyethylene (HDP, low-density polyethylene (LDP, and crumb rubber (CR with 5%, 10%, and 15% by weight of bitumen, were mixed with the base bitumen (PG 64-10. Rotational viscometer (RV, dynamic shear rheometer (DSR, and bending beam rheometer (BBR were used to evaluate the viscosity, rutting, fatigue, and low-temperature behavior of base and modified binders. The test results indicated that the rutting (permanent deformation and fatigue resistance were significantly improved in modified binders due to the improvement in the visco-elastic properties.

  3. Preparation and Performance of PAN-based Carbon Fiber Conductive Asphalt Concrete%PAN基碳纤维导电沥青混凝土的制备及性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯新军; 查旭东; 程景

    2012-01-01

    In order to prepare conductive asphalt concrete for melting ice and snow on road surface,preparation and performance of PAN-based carbon fiber conductive asphalt concrete were studied.Through resistivity test of Marshall specimen,chopped length of PAN-based carbon fiber was determined.After the mixing test and Marshall compaction test of asphalt mixture,mixing techniques of PAN-based carbon fiber conductive asphalt concrete was put forward.The optimal oil-stone rate of PAN-based carbon fiber conductive asphalt concrete was determined with Marshall test design method,and the technical standards were adjusted according to their structural characteristics.Through tests of resistivity,rutting,trabecular bending,immersion Marshall and freezing-thawing splitting,variation laws of conductive properties and pavement performance with PAN-based carbon fiber quality fraction of conductive asphalt concrete were analyzed.The results show that conductive asphalt concrete with 0.1% PAN-based carbon fiber quality fraction has excellent conductive properties and pavement performance.%为制备能够融冰化雪的导电沥青混凝土,对聚丙烯腈(PAN)基碳纤维导电沥青混凝土的制备及性能进行了研究。通过沥青混合料马歇尔试件的电阻率测试试验,确定了碳纤维的短切长度。通过沥青混合料拌和试验和马歇尔击实试验,提出了导电沥青混合料的拌和工艺。采用马歇尔试验配合比设计方法,根据导电沥青混合料的结构特征调整了技术标准,确定了导电沥青混合料的最佳油石比。通过电阻率试验、车辙试验、小梁低温弯曲试验、浸水马歇尔试验和冻融劈裂试验,分析了导电沥青混合料的导电性能和路用性能随碳纤维掺量的变化规律。结果表明:当PAN基碳纤维掺量(质量分数)取0.1%时,导电沥青混凝土既可以获得优良的导电性能,也可以获得优良的路用性能。

  4. Addressing Infrastructure Durability and Sustainability by Self Healing Mechanisms: Recent Advances in Self Healing Concrete and Asphalt

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schlangen, H.E.J.G.; Sangadji, S.

    2013-01-01

    Infrastructures cover a very broad spectrum of different materials. This paper focuses on civil engineering structures, concrete and asphalt in particular. The public demand for such infrastructures is high level of service and performance, high durability and minimum negative ecological impact. New

  5. The interaction between concrete pavement and corrosion-induced copper runoff from buildings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahar, B; Herting, G; Wallinder, I Odnevall; Hakkila, K; Leygraf, C; Virta, M

    2008-05-01

    Changes in chemical speciation of copper and the capacity of concrete pavement to retain copper in runoff water from external buildings have been investigated at urban field conditions, and in parallel laboratory experiments simulating outdoor scenarios. The research study showed the concrete surface to form a copper rich surface layer ( approximately 50 microm thick) upon exposure, and a high capacity to significantly reduce the bioavailable fraction of released copper (20-95%). The retention capacity of copper varied between 5 and 20% during single runoff events in the laboratory, and between 10 and 40% of the total copper release during single natural runoff events. The capacity to retain and reduce the bioavailable fraction of non-retained copper increased with increasing wetness of the concrete surfaces, increasing pH of the runoff water and decreasing flow rates. Bioassay testing with bacterial and yeast bioreporters showed the bioavailable fraction of non-retained copper to be significantly lower than the total copper concentration in the runoff water, between 22 and 40% for bacteria and between 8 and 31% for yeast. The application of generated data to simulate a fictive outdoor scenario, suggests a significant reduction of bioavailable and total copper to background values during environmental entry as a result of dilution, and the interaction with solid surfaces, organic matter and complexing agents already in the drainage system.

  6. Deployment of Palmic Concrete Pavement Blocks in Light and Heavy Traffic Situations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Ababio Ohemeng

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this research was to investigate the viability of deploying palmic concrete pavement blocks (PCPBs in light and heavy traffic situations. The term “palmic concrete” refers to any concrete containing palm kernel shell and ordinary aggregates. In this study cement, fine aggregate, coarse aggregate and palm kernel shell (PKS were used. It was observed that density and strengths of the PCPBs decreased as the PKS content increased. Although, the strengths of the PCPBs lowered as the percentage of PKS increased, compressive strengths of 30.00 N/mm2 to 48.70 N/mm2 which are satisfactory for light traffic and heavy traffic situations could be achieved if 0% to 30% PKS contents are used. A model was also developed to predict the density of PCPBs through laboratory analysis. The model is only capable of predicting the density of palmic concrete products if the water cement ratio, the curing age, the aggregates cement ratio and the curing condition used are within the tested range.

  7. Three-dimensional Finite Element Analysis on the Layer Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete Pavement:A New Type of Pavement Material

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    An investigation was conducted on the design of layer steel fiber reinforced concrete (LSFRC) pavement.Finite element method was applied to the analysis on the stress distribution in order to determine the thickness and segregation distance of LSFRC pavement slabs.

  8. Research on the Cold Recycling Construction Technology of Asphalt Pavement%沥青路面冷再生施工工艺研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王超平

    2014-01-01

    Asphalt pavement cold recycling construction tech-nology is one of new construction technology in local traffic road. In our existing system of highway construction, more th-an 60%are asphalt roads, and in some old road reconstruction and repair process, the most commonly used method is to dis-card the old pavement, this method is not only a serious waste of resources and has damage to the environment.%沥青路面冷再生施工工艺是基层交通路面施工的新型工艺之一。在我国现有的公路建设体系中,60%以上都是沥青公路,而在一些旧路改造和修补过程中,最常用的手段是把破旧路面丢弃,这种方法不仅严重浪费资源而且会对环境造成损害。

  9. 不同结构类型沥青路面的吸放热特性研究%Studies of Asphalt Pavement for Different Structural Types on Suction Exothermic Properties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕振北; 荣丽娟; 韩之栋; 范文东

    2012-01-01

    The paper Studies on Suction and exothermic law of asphalt absorb for reducing temperature of asphalt pavement and improving rutting-resistance of asphalt pavement have important strategic significance. This paper studies the suction and exothermic regular pattern of existing three types,five kinds of asphalt pavement structure. It turns out that there are differences in suction and exothermic characteristics of different types of pavement structure. Suspension close -grained type structure has higher adiabatic heating; gap-type skeleton has faster speed of suction and exothermic) and dense skeleton has more total quantity of heat storage.%研究沥青混合料吸放热规律,对降低沥青路面温度提高抗车辙能力具有重要的战略意义.文中通过对现有3种类型、5种结构沥青路面吸放热规律进行研究,结果显示,不同类型路面结构吸放热特性存在差异:悬浮密实型结构绝热升温高;骨架空隙型吸、放热速度高;骨架密实型总储热量大.

  10. 柔性基层和半刚性基层沥青路面有限元对比分析%Finite Element Comparative Analysis for Asphalt Pavement with Flexible Base Course and Semi-rigid Base Course

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘鹏飞; 杨刚; 梁乃兴

    2013-01-01

    Based on graded gravel bearing plate test this paper establishes formulae of constitutive model of nonlinear bearing capacity of base course materials of graded gravel and builds planar model of typical structure of asphalt pavement with flexible base course by means of ANSYS universal finite element software.The paper analyzes structural stress of asphalt pavement with aggregate base course and semirigid base course,including propagation laws of stress and strain of asphalt pavement with flexible base course under different stress conditions and propagation differences of stress and strain from asphalt pavement with semi-rigid base course.%通过级配碎石承载板试验建立级配碎石基层材料的非线性承载力本构模型公式,利用ANSYS通用有限元软件建立柔性基层沥青路面典型结构平面模型.对粒料基层沥青路面和半刚性基层沥青路面结构受力进行分析,包括柔性基层沥青路面在不同受力条件下应力、应变的传播规律以及与半刚性基层沥青路面之间的应力、应变传播差异.

  11. 走出沥青路面设计误区的哲学思考%Philosophical Thought about Stepping Out of the Misleading Area of Asphalt Pavement Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴传海

    2012-01-01

    In the view of philosophy, this paper analyzes the dialectical rules in the asphalt pavement design in China. It also explores the conception of asphalt pavement design in our country, as well as the methodology of design and some indexes about it. It points out the misleading areas in the combination design of asphalt pavement structure and the composition design of materials. It, to some extent, provides illumination and guidance to the scientific design of asphalt pavement.%从哲学的角度剖析了我国沥青路面设计中的辩证规律,探讨了我国沥青路面设计理念、设计方法和指标,以及沥青路面结构组合设计和材料组成设计中存在的一些“误区”,为科学地进行沥青路面设计提供了一定的启发和参考作用。

  12. G4高速公路湖南耒宜段大修工程路面结构方案设计%Pavement Structure Design of LeiYi Expressway Overhaul Engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴超凡; 黄治湘; 张继森

    2014-01-01

    This paper introduces the original variety of Leiyi Expressway pavement structure,traf-fic flow and pavement damage.According to the pavement structure specific,traffic flow and axle load disparity of the road,using a technical and economical comparison,the original continuous reinforced concrete pavement overlay asphalt concrete pavement structure,the original ordinary cement concrete and reinforced concrete pavement overlay continuously reinforced concrete composite pavement,milling and overlay single or bunk asphalt pavement layer on the original asphalt pavement,the original asphalt pave-ment overlay situ thermal regeneration after single and double bituminous surface layer structure.%介绍了耒宜高速公路原路面的多种路面结构与交通流量及路面损害情况,针对具体的路面结构与左右幅交通流量与轴载的悬殊差异,经技术经济比较,采用了在原连续配筋混凝土路面上直接加铺沥青混凝土路面结构;在原普通水泥混凝土与钢筋混凝土路面上加铺连续配筋混凝土复合式路面;在原沥青路面上进行铣刨加铺单层沥青面层与双层沥青面层、对原沥青路面进行就地热再生后加铺单层与双层沥青面层结构。

  13. Material Requirements and Mix Design of Permeable Asphalt Pavement%透水沥青混凝土路面材料要求及配合比设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋春晖

    2015-01-01

    透水沥青混凝土路面具有快速排水、防滑、降噪、环保等多重功能,得到广大公路建设者的普遍重视。本文从透水沥青混凝土路面的分类、适用范围出发,重点论述了透水沥青混凝土路面材料组成及要求、路面及基层的配合比设计以及路面结构厚度的验算方法。%Permeable asphalt pavement has many functions, such as rapid drainage, skid resistance, noise reduction, environmental protection, and so on. The article starts from the classification of permeable as-phalt pavement, and scope of application, and puts an emphasis on the permeable asphalt pavement material composition and requirement, pavement and base with the calculation method of design and pavement struc-ture thickness.

  14. 冷拌冷铺技术在农村公路沥青路面修补中的应用%Application of Cold Mix and Cold Pavement Patching. of Laid Technology in Asphalt Rural Highway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李曙光

    2012-01-01

    Through a large number of indoor and outdoor experimental researches, road performance of cold mix asphalt and cold mix and cold laid asphalt mixture is analyzed. The results show that cold mix and cold laid technology can meet the requirements of rural highway pavement maintenance. The construction technology is sim- ple and practicable, which is worthy of being applied in asphalt pavement maintenance of rural highway.%通过大量的室内外试验研究,对冷拌沥青及冷拌冷铺沥青混合料的路用性能进行研究,结果冷拌汽铺技术能够满足农村公路路面维修养护的需求,且施工工艺简单易行,值得在农村公路沥青路面养护中推广应用。

  15. 含盐高湿环境下沥青混合料耐久性%Durability of Asphalt Pavement Under Salty and Humid Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张争奇; 王志祥; 李志宏; 郭寒萍

    2015-01-01

    In order to study the rutting performance of asphalt pavement under salty and humid environment, tests on the condition of different temperatures and different salt solution concentrations were conducted applying laboratory Hamburg rutting test, by which the different types of durability of the asphalt mixture were compared. The Origin 8.0 was used to analyze the correlation of the results from plate and cylindrical specimens. Not only the cylindrical specimen rutting test conditions were determined, but also the salty humidity environment durability test conditions and the evaluation index were put forward. At last the erosion mechanism of salty and humid environment on the asphalt pavement was analyzed. The results show that modified asphalt binder can significantly improve the salt durability of the asphalt mixture under high humidity environment. It has poorer durability for the ordinary AC mixture than that of other. However, the durability of SMA mixture is better than that of other types of mixture under high humidity environment; cylindrical specimen immersion rutting deformation rate under the temperature of 60 ℃, 70 ℃ can be used to evaluate the durability of asphalt pavement and detection index. High temperature, salt, water, and the coupling effects are the main reasons for decreasing the durability of asphalt mixture.%为了研究含盐高湿环境下沥青混合料的耐久性,以不同温度和不同质量浓度盐溶液模拟含盐高湿环境进行汉堡车辙试验,并通过试验比较不同类型沥青混合料在含盐高湿环境下的耐久性,使用Origin 8.0对板状和圆柱形的车辙试验结果进行非线性指数拟合,提出含盐高湿环境沥青混合料耐久性的试验评价指标和检测方法,最后分析含盐高湿环境对沥青混合料的侵蚀机理.结果表明:采用改性沥青作结合料可以显著提高含盐高湿环境下沥青混合料的耐久性;含盐高湿环境下,普通AC混合料

  16. Development of a stress-mode sensitive viscoelastic constitutive relationship for asphalt concrete: experimental and numerical modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karimi, Mohammad M.; Tabatabaee, Nader; Jahanbakhsh, H.; Jahangiri, Behnam

    2016-11-01

    Asphalt binder is responsible for the thermo-viscoelastic mechanical behavior of asphalt concrete. Upon application of pure compressive stress to an asphalt concrete specimen, the stress is transferred by mechanisms such as aggregate interlock and the adhesion/cohesion properties of asphalt mastic. In the pure tensile stress mode, aggregate interlock plays a limited role in stress transfer, and the mastic phase plays the dominant role through its adhesive/cohesive and viscoelastic properties. Under actual combined loading patterns, any coordinate direction may experience different stress modes; therefore, the mechanical behavior is not the same in the different directions and the asphalt specimen behaves as an anisotropic material. The present study developed an anisotropic nonlinear viscoelastic constitutive relationship that is sensitive to the tension/compression stress mode by extending Schapery's nonlinear viscoelastic model. The proposed constitutive relationship was implemented in Abaqus using a user material (UMAT) subroutine in an implicit scheme. Uniaxial compression and indirect tension (IDT) testing were used to characterize the viscoelastic properties of the bituminous materials and to calibrate and validate the proposed constitutive relationship. Compressive and tensile creep compliances were calculated using uniaxial compression, as well as IDT test results, for different creep-recovery loading patterns at intermediate temperature. The results showed that both tensile creep compliance and its rate were greater than those of compression. The calculated deflections based on these IDT test simulations were compared with experimental measurements and were deemed acceptable. This suggests that the proposed viscoelastic constitutive relationship correctly demonstrates the viscoelastic response and is more accurate for analysis of asphalt concrete in the laboratory or in situ.

  17. Hybrid green permeable pave with hexagonal modular pavement systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rashid, M. A.; Abustan, I.; Hamzah, M. O.

    2013-06-01

    Modular permeable pavements are alternatives to the traditional impervious asphalt and concrete pavements. Pervious pore spaces in the surface allow for water to infiltrate into the pavement during rainfall events. As of their ability to allow water to quickly infiltrate through the surface, modular permeable pavements allow for reductions in runoff quantity and peak runoff rates. Even in areas where the underlying soil is not ideal for modular permeable pavements, the installation of under drains has still been shown to reflect these reductions. Modular permeable pavements have been regarded as an effective tool in helping with stormwater control. It also affects the water quality of stormwater runoff. Places using modular permeable pavement has been shown to cause a significant decrease in several heavy metal concentrations as well as suspended solids. Removal rates are dependent upon the material used for the pavers and sub-base material, as well as the surface void space. Most heavy metals are captured in the top layers of the void space fill media. Permeable pavements are now considered an effective BMP for reducing stormwater runoff volume and peak flow. This study examines the extent to which such combined pavement systems are capable of handling load from the vehicles. Experimental investigation were undertaken to quantify the compressive characteristics of the modular. Results shows impressive results of achieving high safety factor for daily life vehicles.

  18. Mechanical evaluation of asphalt-aggregate mixtures prepared with fly ash as a filler replacement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tapkin, T. [Anadolu Univ., Eskisehir (Turkey). Dept. of Civil Engineering

    2008-01-15

    This paper examined methods of introducing fly ash waste products as a filler in asphalt concrete mixtures. A literature review of studies involving fly ash and asphalts was conducted. The effect of fly ash filler replacements on the mechanical properties of asphalt-aggregate mixtures was investigated. A dense bituminous calcareous aggregate was used as a reference mixture for a series of tests. Three types of fly ash were investigated, notably (1) portland cement; (2) lime; and (3) control specimens. Changes in elastic strain, elastic modulus, and permanent strain properties of the asphalt mixtures were determined through a series of fatigue tests. The behaviour of the asphalt concrete pavements were analyzed under applied loads. Results of the tests showed that the fatigue life of the fly ash specimens was higher than the calcareous aggregate specimens. It was concluded that fly ash can used as a filler replacement for dense-graded wearing courses. 35 refs., 17 tabs., 8 figs.

  19. Operational properties of nanomodified stone mastic asphalt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inozemtsev Sergey Sergeevich

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In order to prolong the lifetime and to improve the quality of pavements made of asphalt concrete it is necessary to apply innovative solutions in the process of design of such building materials. In order to solve the problem of low durability of asphalt concrete a modifier was proposed, which consists of diatomite, iron hydroxide sol (III and silica sol. Application of the diatomite with nanoscale layer of nanomodifier allows getting a stone mastic asphalt, which has high values of physical and mechanical properties and allows refusing from expensive stabilizing additive. Mineral filler was replaced by diatomite, which has been modified by iron hydroxide sol (III and silica sol. Modified diatomite allows sorption of bitumen and increase the cohesive strength and resistance to shear at positive temperatures. The modified asphalt has higher resistance to rutting at high temperature, abrasion resistance at low temperature and impact of climatic factors: alternate freezing and thawing, wetting-drying, UV and IR radiations. It is achieved by formation of solid and dense bitumen film at the phase interface and controlling the content of light fractions of the bitumen. The modifier consists of sol of iron hydroxide, which blocks the oxidation and polymerization of bitumen during operation. The proposed material allows controlling the initial structure formation of stone mastic asphalt. It was shown that modern test methods allow assessing the durability of asphalt in the design phase compositions.

  20. Discrete Element Modeling of Asphalt Concrete Cracking Using a User-defined Tlree-dimensional Micromechanical Approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Jun; PAN Tongyan; HUANG Xiaoming

    2011-01-01

    We established a user-defined micromechanical model using discrete element method (DEM) to investigate the cracking behavior of asphalt concrete (AC).Using the “Fish” language provided in the particle flow code in 3-Demensions (PFC3D),the air voids and mastics in asphalt concrete were realistically built as two distinct phases.With the irregular shape of individual aggregate particles modeled using a clump of spheres of different sizes,the three-dimensional (3D) discrete element model was able to account for aggregate gradation and fraction.Laboratory uniaxial complex modulus test and indirect tensile strength test were performed to obtain input material parameters for the numerical simulation.A set of the indirect tensile test were simulated to study the cracking behavior of AC at two levels of temperature,i e,-10 ℃ and 15 ℃.The predicted results of the numerical simulation were compared with laboratory experimental measurements.Results show that the 3D DEM model is able to predict accurately the fracture pattern of different asphalt mixtures.Based on the DEM model,the effects of air void content and aggregate volumetric fraction on the cracking behavior of asphalt concrete were evaluated.

  1. Analysis of Mechanical Response of Wheel Load on Semi -rigid Base Asphalt Pavement Structure%车轮荷载对半刚性基层沥青路面结构的力学响应分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐伟杰

    2012-01-01

    Based on the theory and standards of the asphalt pavement design, typical semi - rigid asphalt pavement structure and material parameters were chosen. To calculate the stress, strain, displacement of the pavement structure under different loads BISAR3.0 software was adopted and analyzed the impact of the mechanical indicator on the pavement structure. The results show that the impact of different load patterns on the pavement structure is quite large, which can provide a useful reference for further explaining the pavement damage phenomenon of the%基于我国的沥青路面设计理论及标准,选取典型半刚性基层路面结构及材料参数,采用BISAR3.0软件对不同荷载作用下的路面结构应力、应变和位移进行计算,并分析了各力学指标对道路结构的影响。结果显示:不同荷载模式对路面结构的影响相当大,这对进一步解释路面面层的一些破坏现象提供了有益的参考。

  2. Investigations of the dynamics of road pavement reflectance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kang Jiang; Kai Yu; Yongchao Zhao

    2012-01-01

    Road pavement reflectance is usually assumed to be invariant in short periods of time in some quantitative remote sensing applications. To examine its variability,reflectance sequences of concrete and asphalt pavement are measured in field for half a day in visible and near-infarecd (VNIR) spectral range using dual-beam method.As much as 20.7% and 3.52% of relative changes are found in asphalt and concrete reflectance data at 550 nm,and all VNIR bands demonstrate similar variations found to correlate with both illumination geometry and the relative portion of diffuse irradiance.In this letter,this effect is interpreted from a mathematic view.Further studies are needed to model the dynamics of reflectance physically.

  3. 龚家坝隧道温拌沥青混合料路面施工技术%Construction Technology of Warm- mix Asphalt Mixture Pavement in Gongjiaba Tunnel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明杰

    2012-01-01

    Through construction on warm - mix asphalt in Gongjiaba tunnel and from the aspects of warm - mix asphalt concrete mixing, paving, compaction by rolling, detection and so on, construction advantages and characters of warm -mix asphalt concrete are introduced.%通过对龚家坝隧道温拌沥青施工,从温拌沥青混凝土拌和、摊铺、碾压、检测等方面,介绍了温拌沥青混凝土的施工优势和特点。

  4. On influence of equivalent modulus of original pavement on design for large-scale repair for asphalt roadbeds%原路面当量模量对沥青路面大修设计的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鑫

    2012-01-01

    The paper adopts the GAMES program to analyze the influence of the various equivalent modulus of original pavement on the roadbed structure in the large-scale repair of the asphalt pavement, and researches the relative relationship between the deflection value of the roadbed before the milling-planing and the equivalent modulus of original pavement after the milling-planing, so as to improve the reasonability of the equivalent modulus of original pavement after the milling-planing.%应用GAMES程序分析了原路面当量模量取值不同时对沥青路面大修路面结构的影响,并研究了铣刨前路面弯沉值与铣刨后原路面当量模量之间的相关关系,以提高铣刨后原路面当量模量取值的合理性。

  5. 半刚性基层双层排水降噪沥青路面结构计算分析%Calculation and Analysis on Double Drainage Noise Reduction Asphalt Pavement Structure of Semi-rigid Base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪军伟

    2016-01-01

    双层排水降噪路面具有显著的排水和降噪性能,在欧洲国家得到越来越多的应用,但都是基于柔性基层的路面结构。通过对基于半刚性基层的普通沥青路面、单层排水降噪沥青路面和双层排水降噪沥青路面结构的弯沉、层底拉应力进行计算分析,并对不同路面结构进行比较分析,衡量半刚性基层双层排水降噪沥青路面结构的可行性。计算结果表明,半刚性基层双层排水降噪沥青路面顶面的弯沉值小于路面设计弯沉值,路面结构强度满足设计要求。%Double drainage noise reduction pavement has significant drainage and noise reduction per-formance,which gets more and more applications in European countries,but they are based on the pavement structure of flexible base layer.The calculation and analysis on the deflection and bottom layer tensile stress of ordinary asphalt pavement,single drainage noise reduction asphalt pavement, and double drainage noise reduction asphalt pavement are performed based on the semi-rigid base,and the comparative analysis of different pavement structures are made to measure the feasibility of double drainage noise reduction asphalt pavement of semi-rigid base.The results show that,the top surface deflection of double drainage noise reduction pavement of semi-rigid base is less than the design value, and the pavement structural strength meets the design requirements.

  6. Cold Region Pavements%寒区路面

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GuyDore

    2002-01-01

    The article mainly discusses several essential problems of cold region pavement, including thermal cracking of asphalt concrete, cracking deterioration and heaving, frost heave, seasonal and long term roughness induced by different frost heave, frost heave cracking, bearing capacity loss during spring thaw. The reason for these problems is that cold region pavements are subjected to intense solicitation by climatic and environmental factors. The author offers several models corresponding to the solicitation. Furthermore in conclusion of the article the author indicates future research for cold region.

  7. Alkali-silica reaction of aggregates for concrete pavements in Chihuahua’s State, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olague, C.

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The concrete of pavements must resist the climatic conditions, heavy traffic, chemical agents or any other type of aggressive agent. A methodology for characterizing materials that would influence concrete durability was developed considering chemical and physical factors. This methodology allows the consideration of several factors like physiography, geology, and climate, among others that would be of great importance to prevent future durability problems of pavements. This methodology takes into account several tests and this paper presents the results of potential reactivity aggregates of the State of Chihuahua. The tests for evaluating the reactive siliceous aggregate and the potential alkali-silica reactivity were performed according to the: petrographic examination (ASTM C 295 and standard quick chemical test (ASTM C 289. 38% of the tested sites resulted innocuous, 48% potentially reactive and 13% reactive. It is discussed the benefit of applying a conscious methodology in order to obtain the best results with a representative quantity of tests.

    El hormigón de los pavimentos debe ser resistente a las condiciones climáticas, tránsito pesado, agentes químicos o cualquier otro tipo de agente agresivo. Se desarrolló una metodología para caracterización de materiales considerando factores físicos y químicos que influyen en la durabilidad del hormigón. Esta metodología se basa en la consideración de varios factores como: fisiografía, geología y clima, entre otros, que podrían ser de gran importancia para prevenir futuros problemas de durabilidad en pavimentos de hormigón. La metodología en cuestión considera varias pruebas, en este artículo se presentan los resultados de la reactividad potencial de los áridos del Estado de Chihuahua. Las pruebas para evaluar la reactividad de áridos silíceos y la reactividad potencial álcali-sílice fueron ejecutadas de acuerdo a: examen petrográfico (ASTM C 295 y la prueba qu

  8. Purification effectiveness of runoff pollution by the permeable asphalt pavement%透水沥青路面对路面径流污染的净化功效

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋秋霞; 徐勇鹏; 鄂勇

    2009-01-01

    In order to investigate the purification effect of new type permeable asphalt pavement material on runoff pollution, storm water samples collected from Songshan road in Harbin were determined. The results showed that the pervious asphalt pavement had good purification effect on the COD, SS, turbidity, Pb and Zn in the effective porosity of 12.1%-23.0%, in addition, the purification effect of pervious asphalt pavement intermingled with 40% ceramsite on runoff pollution was much better than that of groundmass pavement.%为探讨新型路面材料对路面径流污染的净化功效,对哈尔滨嵩山路路段路面径流排水进行取样分析.结果表明,透水沥青路面对径流污染因子COD、SS、浊度、Pb、Zn均有良好的净化作用.其净化有效空隙率范围为12.1%~23.O%.掺混陶粒率为40%的透水沥青路面对径流污染的净化功效明显优于纯沥青路面.

  9. Analysis of finite element and mechanical response in granular base asphalt pavement%粒料基层沥青路面有限元和力学响应分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马骁尧; 高启聚

    2016-01-01

    The paper compares mechanical properties of the granular base asphalt pavement and semi-rigid base asphalt pavement by finite ele-ment analysis method. Besides, the paper calculates 34 kinds of representative pavement structures with granular base. The result shows that the surface deflection of granular base is larger than that of semi-rigid base. But the tensile stress below the base layer of asphalt pavement with semi-rigid base is much larger than that of granular base. Meanwhile, the paper provides the principal law and principal range of granular base and granular subbase.%利用有限元分析法,比较分析了粒料基层沥青路面和半刚性基层沥青路面的力学特性,计算了34种具有代表性的粒料基层路面结构的主应力,研究结果表明:粒料基层较半刚性基层会产生更大的路表弯沉;而半刚性基层层底拉应力比粒料基层大得多,同时得到粒料基层、底基层主应力分布规律及分布范围.

  10. Research on Design of Reconstruction Structure of Trunk Highway Asphalt Pavement in Central South China%中南地区干线公路沥青路面改建结构设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明

    2014-01-01

    According to the weather conditions, traffic conditions and other factors of central south China, the present situation for the sections of asphalt pavement maintenance and transformation, proposed flexible base pavement pro-gram and semi-rigid asphalt pavement structure program, on the design methods of asphalt pavement in china, AASHTO and software of BISAR, calculation and analysis of the program of overlay structure.%根据中南湖区当地气候条件及交通状况等因素,针对该路段沥青路面维修改造的现状,提出了柔性基层沥青路面结构方案和半刚性基层沥青路面结构方案,采用我国沥青路面设计方法、AASHTO设计方法和BISAR软件对路面加铺结构方案进行计算和分析。

  11. Application of Old Cement Concrete Pavement in Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete Surface Layer%浅谈旧水泥砼路面加铺钢纤维砼面层的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁海萍; 刘妙

    2013-01-01

    Layered steel fiber concrete pavement is a new kind of pavement structure.The steel fiber is bestrewed on top and under surface of the concrete pavement plate at the time of construction,and two layers of steel fiber concrete network is formed.It can protect the position easily damaged in concrete pavement effectively,and It is important to improve bending ability of concrete pavement and reduce the thickness of concrete pavement at design time.The performance and road condition of this pavement structure is very good after consign,and pavement maintenance cost is very low.It can increase the service life of pavement greatly.The social and economic benefit is significant at the same time.%上下层布式钢纤维砼路面是一种比较新颖的路面结构.在施工的时候,在砼路面板顶面和底面上撒布钢纤维,并形成两层的钢纤维砼网.可以有效的保护砼路面容易发生破损的部位,对提升砼路面的抗弯拉能力也有很大的帮助,并能够在设计的时候,降低砼路面的厚度.这种结构的路面结构在施工交付使用后,使用的性能非常好,路面状况也很好,路面的养护和维修费用低.同时能较大提高路面的使用寿命,其社会效益、经济效益特别显著.

  12. 高寒地区沥青路面设计%Asphalt Pavement Design in High Latitudeand Cold Regions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程军勤

    2015-01-01

    Combining with the development of highway pavement and key factors in pavement design,the selection of pavement structural layers in high latitude and cold regions is discussed in this paper,which can be seen as preference to similar projects.%从青海省公路路面设计的发展及设计中的关键要素等方面入手,探讨了高寒地区路面各结构层的选择,为同类地区的路面设计提供参考。

  13. Prediction of Rutting of Asphalt Pavement Based on Combined Model%基于组合模型的沥青路面车辙预测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琛; 汪海年; 王宠惠

    2016-01-01

    To predict the rutting of asphalt pavement, Pavement-Me prediction model ( PME) with the localized input parameter and a dynamic grey prediction model (DGM (1,1)) with data timeliness were established based on the PME and grey prediction theory, in the current rutting situation in a highway of Shaanxi Province. The mathematical statistic method was used to conduct the prediction research of rutting based on a combined model. The results reveal that the fitting precision of PME model is 0. 963, and the DGM (1,1) model is 0. 941, which can be used as a submodel of the combined model. The prediction precision of DGM-PME combined model is higher than that of single submodel, in which the combined model which adopts error square and reciprocal weighting has the highest prediction precision, and its rank allocation is L12 =0. 601 and L22 =0. 399, the maximum of prediction precision can be 0. 0045 . The prediction result of the combined model at some periods is inferior to that of some single prediction models, which belongs to normal error range. It is feasible to replace the single model with the DGM-PME combined model to predict the rutting of asphalt pavement. And it is more suitable to use the combined model established in this paper to predict rutting development tendency for the project-level asphalt pavement.%为了对沥青路面车辙进行预测研究,结合陕西某高速公路沥青路面的车辙病害现状,以美国AASHTO新力学经验法中的Pavement-ME预测模型( PME模型)和灰色预测理论为基础,对PME预测模型的参数进行了本地化处理,提出了考虑数据时效的动态灰色预测模型DGM (1,1),并采用数理统计方法对车辙的发育趋势进行基于组合模型的预测研究.研究结果表明:PME模型和DGM灰色模型的拟合精度分别为0.963和0.941,可以作为组合模型的子模型;DGM-PME组合模型的预测精度要高于单一子模型的预测精度,其中采用误差平方和倒数法定权得到

  14. 沥青路面就地热再生列车应用研究%Investigation of Application Effect of Hot In-place Recycling Equipment for Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马涛; 李春雷; 张建; 黄晓明

    2011-01-01

    为进一步提高就地热再生技术在沥青路面快速养护维修中的应用效果,结合室内试验与实际工程,对RM型就地热再生列车的间歇式热辐射加热墙和液压气动式耙松设备的施工效果进行了研究.分析表明,相对于传统的加热方式,加热墙能快速均匀地加热路面,且不进一步老化原路面沥青;耙松齿能快速均匀地翻松加热后路面,且保持原材料级配不变;经RM热再生列车再生施工后的沥青混合料及路面具有良好的路用性能,且具有优良的层间黏结,提高了施工质量,延长了再生沥青路面使用寿命.%To reduce the limitation of equipment on hot in-place recycling technology application and improve the application effect of hot in-place recycling technology in asphalt pavement maintenance, the application effect of two key equipments of hot in-place recycling train, the Intermittent Heating Wall (IHW) and the Hydropneumatic Scarifying Device ( HSD ), are investigated based on theoretical analysis, laboratory tests and field tests. And the construction effect and quality of the hot in-place recycling train are evaluated based on laboratory performance tests of recycling asphalt mixture and field performance tests of testing roads. The results indicate that compared with the traditional heating device, the IHW can heat the asphalt pavement faster and more uniformly without further aging the asphalt binder of pavement; compared with the traditional milling device, the HSD can scarify the heated pavement faster and more uniformly without changing the original aggregate gradation of pavement; and finally, the recycling asphalt mixture and pavement produced by the hot inplace recycling train have good road performance and interlaminar bonding. Therefore, the improved hot in-place recycling train is proved to be promising in hot in-place recycling pavement with good construction quality and service life.

  15. Analysis on Infiltration Capacity in Asphalt Pavement Subjected to Dynamic Hydraulic Pressure%动水压力作用下沥青路面渗水量影响分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高俊启; 盛余祥; 张世铎; 于凤强; 蒋泽民

    2013-01-01

    It is important of infiltration capacity for the drainage design in asphalt pavement.In order to calculate infiltration capacity in asphalt pavement subjected to dynamic hydraulic pressure,the dynamic hydraulic pressures in asphalt pavement at some running speeds are measured,and the relationship of the hydraulic pressure and car speed is built.Furthermore,a falling head permeameter method is used to measure the permeability coefficients of asphalt mixture exposed to hydraulic pressures whose peak values are from 40 to 350 kPa,and the correlation between permeability and hydraulic pressure is obtained.In addition,a dynamic permeability test system is presented to measure the dynamic permeability of asphalt mixture subjected to vehicle impulsive pressures,and the calculation formula for calculating infiltration capacity in asphalt pavement subjected to dynamic hydraulic pressure is established.The results show that the infiltration capacity is proportionate to the permeability coefficient and effective tire ground area respectively,and is inversely proportional to the thickness of asphalt pavement.The infiltration capacity decreases with the increment of car's speed.%沥青路面渗水量对于沥青路面内部排水设计非常重要.为计算动水压力作用下沥青路面渗水量,实地测试了不同车速下沥青路面表面的动态水压力数值,建立了动态水压力与车速的关系.根据变水头试验方法,测试了沥青混合料芯样在40~350 kPa水压力下的渗透系数,建立了沥青混合料渗透系数与水压力的关系.为研究路面在交通荷载作用下的动态渗透性能,设计了动态渗透试验测量系统.建立了动水压力作用下沥青路面渗水量的计算模型.结果表明:沥青路面渗水量与路面渗透系数、轮胎有效接地面积成正比,与路面厚度成反比;随车速增加,动水压力作用下沥青路面渗水量减小.

  16. Research on elastic modulus backcalculation of asphalt course using BP artificial neural network based on surface deflection basin of pavement%基于路表弯沉盆的BP人工神经网络反演沥青面层弹性模量研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨国良; 钟雯; 黄晓韵; 梁思敏; 何慧慧; 陈家驹

    2015-01-01

    Based on layered elastic theory,the elastic modulus of asphalt course in asphalt pavement was predicted using BP artificial neural network.According to the types of pavement structure in common use,the database of surface deflections with their corresponding structural parameters of asphalt course based on layered elastic theory was established.The elastic modulus backcalculation model of asphalt course in asphalt pavement was developed using BP artificial neural network to predict.The predictive results of asphalt course elastic modulus backcalculation using theoretical deflection basin and measured deflection basin indicate that the elastic modulus backcalculation model of asphalt course in asphalt pavement is of good predictive accuracy and reliability.It would provide the references with the elastic modulus backcalculation model of asphalt course to accurately and quickly estimate the conditions of asphalt course in asphalt pavement.%基于层状弹性体系理论,建立BP人工神经网络反演沥青路面沥青面层弹性模量预测模型,利用BP人工神经网络预测沥青路面沥青面层弹性模量.理论弯沉盆和实测弯沉盆反演沥青面层弹性模量的结果表明,建立的BP人工神经网络反演沥青路面沥青面层弹性模量模型具有良好的预测精度和可靠性,为评价沥青路面的沥青面层性能状况提供了参考.

  17. 短切沥青碳纤维混凝土马歇尔试验研究%Marshall test research on chopped asphalt carbon fiber concrete

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明德

    2012-01-01

    The paper discusses the impact of chopped asphalt carbon fiber on asphalt concrete,compares the changing situation of various indicators of Marshall test,and determines the mixing proportion of chopped asphalt carbon fiber concrete,which has provided certain basis for the construction and design of chopped asphalt carbon fiber concrete.%讨论了短切沥青碳纤维对沥青混凝土马歇尔试验的影响,比较了马歇尔试验各项技术指标的变化情况,确定了短切沥青碳纤维混凝土的配比,为指导短切沥青碳纤维混凝土的设计和施工提供依据。

  18. Experimental Analysis of Fly Ash & Coir Fiber Mix Cement Concrete for Rigid Pavement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Er. Amit Kumar Ahirwar

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In India Thermal power plants which use pounded coal as a fuel, generates million tones of fly ash every year as a waste. Conservative clearance of this material which gets easily air-borne and constitutes a serious health hazards to the community, is an expensive operation. A part from this compacted fly ash can be used in embankments, road sub-bases and also for structural fills. The major drawbacks of such materials are their limited load carrying capacity and poor settlement characteristics. The concert of such materials can substantially be improved by introducing reinforcing element in the direction of improving its compressive and flexural strength for superior durability. Use of natural materials such as Jute, coir and bamboo, as reinforcing materials to fly ash are very cheap and they are locally available in huge quantity, of all the natural fibers, coir has the greatest tearing strength and it retains this property even in wet conditions. In this framework a composite with fly ash, conventional concrete and treated coconut fibers, available in plenty in rural areas of India have been investigated. These composites can be a good proposition and with this, experimental investigation to study the effects of replacement of cement (by volume with different percentages of fly ash and the effects of addition of processed natural coconut fiber on flexural strength, compressive strength, splitting tensile strength and modulus of elasticity was taken up. AS per IRC, A Design mix proportion was designed for the normally popular M30 concrete for pavement construction in India. In this, Cement was replaced with percentages (10, 20, 30 and 40% of Class C fly ash and of coconut fibers (0.50 and 1.0 % having 40 mm length were used. Test results show that the replacement of 43 grades ordinary Portland cement with fly ash showed an increase in compressive strength and flexural strength for the chosen mix proportion.

  19. Rutting Resistance of Asphalt Overlay with Multilayer Wheel Tracking Test

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIAO Weidong; CHEN Zheng; WU Shaopeng; MO Liantong; LIU Gang

    2006-01-01

    The rutting resistance of multilayer asphalt overlay was researched by using laboratory wheel tracking test. The effects of loading level and test temperature on rutting resistance of asphalt overlay structure were evaluated by means of multilayer specimens .In comparison with multilayer tests, standard specimens of various layers were also conducted to evaluate the rutting resistance. Experimental results indicated that the test temperature and applied load have a significant effect on rutting resistance of asphalt concrete. Higher test temperature and heavier applied load resulted in higher rut depths. In addition, the mutilayer wheel tracking test has been demonstrated to be a more reasonable solution in evaluation on rutting resistance of asphatt pavement structure beasuse it reflects the cumulative permanent deformation in all of asphalt layers.

  20. 沥青改性对粗粒式沥青混凝土的性能影响分析%Performance Impact Analysis of Asphalt Modification on Coarse Grained Type Asphalt Concrete

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵茜

    2012-01-01

    针对下面层沥青混合料的水稳定性和抗车辙性能进行研究,选择普通沥青、SBS改性沥青以及岩沥青改性对粗粒式沥青混合料AC25进行改性,对比其性能的优劣。研究结果表明采用岩沥青改性可以大大提高下面层沥青混合料的性能,是一种较好的提高长大纵坡以及交叉口区域沥青路面性能的方法。%Common asphalt, SBS modified asphalt and rock bitumen modification of coarse grained type AC25 modified asphalt mix- ture was chose to compare their performance. The results show that the rock asphalt modification can greatly improve the levels of asphalt mixture performance, and it is a better method to improve the performance of asphalt pavement under the long downhill and intersection area.

  1. Analysis of Asphalt Pavement Structural Premature Damage Position and Countermeasure%沥青路面结构早期损坏层位分析及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭忆秋; 姚李; 王海朋; 杜群乐; 党奇志

    2012-01-01

    In order to analyze the positions of premature damage occurred in asphalt pavement, the common semi-rigid base asphalt pavement was modeled by finite element method. The stress and strain characteristics of asphalt pavement structural layers under dynamic and static loads and the maximum shear stress varying with depth were simulated and analyzed. Major types of pavement premature damage position and the damage resistance characteristics which different layers should have were analyzed from the perspective of pavement mechanical response. Then the trial research to fight against premature damage was carried on. The results show that (1) the 3D compression stress fluctuates in 0 - 3 cm depth from pavement surface; (2) the area of 2-10 cm depth from pavement surface belongs to high shear stress area where the rutting may occurr easily; ( 3) the bottom layer of asphalt pavement bears tensile stress under static load and tension-compression stress under cyclic loads, and fatigue damage may occurr easily.%为了分析沥青路面结构早期损坏发生的层位,采用有限元方法对目前常见的半刚性基层沥青路面建模,模拟分析了动静荷载作用下沥青路面各结构层的应力应变特性及最大剪应力随路面深度变化特点,从路面力学响应的角度分析了路面早期病害类型出现的层位以及各个层位应具备的抗病害的特性,进而对抗病害时策进行了试验路研究.研究结果表明,距沥青路面路表0~3 cm的区域应力三向受压应力波动较大;距路表2~10 cm的区域属于高剪应力区域,易发生车辙;沥青路面层底在静栽作用下受拉应力作用,在循环动载情况下受拉压重复作用易发生疲劳破坏.

  2. 不同类型基层沥青路面设计指标的控制%Control of designing indices for asphalt pavement with different types of base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳红; 申爱琴; 郭寅川; 王学礼; 冯亚军

    2011-01-01

    Based on the reconstruction and extension project of Xitong expressway, the fatigue and breakage forms of semi-rigid asphalt pavement, compound base asphalt pavement and flexible base asphalt pavement were analyzed and the corresponding design parameter system was established separately. The sensibility of the materials parameter as the mechanical responses was analyzed using Shell designing software Bisar3. 0, which verified the rationality of pavement designing indices from the point of stress balance. The results show that taking flexible strain and surface shear stress as designing indices for flexible pavement could keep the modulus value of semi-rigid base in proper range. Taking flexible stress of base and shear stress of base as designing indices for semi-rigid pavement and compound pavement could constraint the modulus value of semi-rigid base. The introduction of shearing stress is particularly necessary for asphalt pavement design because it can seriously affect material parameters and help optimize both the structure and material design. 9 tabs, 6 figs, 10 refs.%以西安-铜川高速公路改扩建工程为依托,分析半刚性基层沥青路面、复合式基层沥青路面及柔性基层沥青路面的破坏形式,并建立与之相对应的设计指标体系.采用壳牌计算软件Bisar3.0分析材料参数对路面力学响应的敏感性,从路面受力均衡角度验证各类沥青路面设计指标的合理性.结果表明:对柔性路面采取弯拉应变与面层剪应力指标进行双控,可实现基层模量的合理取值;半刚性路面与复合式路面采取基层拉应力与面层剪应力指标进行双控,可对半刚性基层模量起到牵制作用;沥青路面设计增加抗剪指标尤为必要,可对材料参数起到制约作用,实现结构设计与材料设计的双重优化.

  3. 沥青公路路面病害及其养护探讨%Discussion on the Distress and Maintenance of Asphalt Pavement Surface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许锋雷; 缪定武

    2013-01-01

      近年来由于车辆超载、水毁、养护管理不善的原因,部分沥青路面出现开裂、泛油、剥落、车辙等破损情况,致使公路行驶质量降低,直接影响了车辆的正常运行和公民的生命财产安全。因此,本文结合当前我国沥青公路的现状,分析并探讨对其的养护。%In recent years, due to overloading of vehicles da-maged, be damaged by flood, not good at maintenance manag-ement, part of the asphalt pavement appeared the damages of cracking, bleeding, spal ing, rut ing damage, resulting in redu-ced the quality of road, directly affects the normal operation of vehicle and safety of the lives and property of citizens. Theref-ore, based on the current situation of China's asphalt road, this paper analyzes and discusses its maintenance.

  4. Pre-Cast Concrete Panels for Contingency Rigid Airfield Pavement Damage Repairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    transfer mechanism in rigid pavements . Load transfer is essentially a design parameter that characterizes the reduction in the stresses and strains in the...the PCC slabs at the joints. Therefore, pavement responses such as stresses and strains are significantly lower compared to situations where no load...presented in Appendix C. Another method to calculate the load transfer efficiency in rigid pavements is based on the stresses under the PCC slabs at

  5. Application of Cold In-place Recycling Technology with Stabilized Cement to Asphalt Pavement%浅谈沥青路面水泥稳定就地冷再生技术的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周松涛

    2013-01-01

    With the national and provincial trunk highways gradually transforming by the new construction project for the renovation, expansion and overhaul project, the maintenance and utilization program of original asphalt pavement becomes the key issues in the road reconstruction process. This paper introduced the application of cold in-place recycling technology with stabilized cement to the old asphalt pavement treatment with project instance.%  随着国省干线公路由新建工程逐渐转变为改扩建及大修工程,原有沥青路面的维修与利用方案成为道路改建过程中的关键问题,本文结合工程实例介绍了水泥稳定就地冷再生技术在对旧沥青路面进行处理中的应用。

  6. Application of hot in-place recycling technology of asphalt pavements in road construction%沥青路面现场热再生技术在道路施工中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵会君

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduced the application of hot in-place recycling technology of asphalt pavements in road construction, specifically elaborated the construction technology and operation points of hot in-place recycling technology of asphalt pavements, analy%介绍了沥青路面现场热再生技术在道路施工过程中的应用,具体阐述了沥青路面现场热再生施工工艺及操作要点,并分析指出了沥青路面现场热再生的技术优势及其社会经济效益,以期促进该技术的大力推广应用。

  7. 车辆荷载下沥青路面动力响应随机特性及可靠性分析%Random Characteristics and Reliability Analysis of Asphalt Pavement Under Vehicle Random Load

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小云; 史春娟

    2012-01-01

    In order to study the dynamic response of the asphalt pavement under the vehicle random load,the vehicle random vibration model and the dynamic response model of the asphalt pavement were established respectively,in which the asphalt layer and the basic layer were both considered as visco-elastic materials.A new method which combined the Fourier transform with the wavelet method was presented to get the stochastic response analytical solution.According to the actual parameters of the vehicle and asphalt pavement,and the road roughness was treated as the initial excitation,the power spectral density function and the self-correlation function of the vehicle random load were simulated.The random characteristics of dynamic response for the asphalt pavement were analyzed and the main digital characteristic functions were calculated.The reliability design of asphalt pavement was studied.The results show that the average response function has no relation with the degree of pavement,but the power spectral density,self-correlation function and standard deviation will increase as the level of pavement decreases.The dynamic responses of different asphalts in different reliabilities are determined to avoid the unreasonability of using the static load as the design load.The analytical and calculating methods can provide reference for asphalt pavement reliability design.%为了研究车辆随机荷载作用下沥青路面的动力响应,建立了车辆随机振动模型和车辆随机激励下基层-面层双粘弹性沥青路面动力响应模型,并采用Fourier变换与小波变换相结合的新方法求得了路面随机响应解析解。根据实际车辆参数及道路参数,以路面不平度为初始激励,仿真得到了车辆随机荷载的功率谱密度函数和自相关函数,分析了沥青路面在车辆荷载下的随机动力响应特性,计算了沥青路面动力响应的主要数字特征函数,同时还对沥青路面随机动力响应进行了可靠性设

  8. 混合式基层沥青路面结构应力、应变特性及经济性分析%Mechanical 、Economic and Budget Analysis of Asphalt Pavement Structure on Mix Base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭红卫; 蒋功雪; 朱沅峰

    2012-01-01

    Based on asphalt pavement design theory and criterions in China, five asphalt structures are put out, including three mix base pavement structures, one typical semi-rigid base pavement structure and one typical flexible base pavement structure. For contract study, different pavement structures were selected with various combinations of modulus and Poisson ratio, but the total thickness is same for comparative analysis. The stress-strain at different depth in asphalt layer is calculated by using BISAR program. The data analysis is carried out for the maximum tensile stress, and the maximum strain of asphalt layer, and the maximum compressive strain on top of sub grade, deflection on asphalt surface. And budget basis price for base is contrasted too. The data analysis results show that the mix base asphalt pavement structures can be designed to get better pavement mechanical performance than typical semi-rigid base and typical flexible base asphalt pavement structures, while the price is higher than semi-rigid base. If thinking over fatigue life, the cost performance for mix base of upper base with asphalt stabilized macadam is the best. This gives out the important reference for widespread the mix base in future.%基于我国沥青路面设计理论及标准,拟定了3种混合式基层、一种典型半刚性基层与一种典型柔性基层共5种沥青路面结构,利用BISAR3.0程序对5种结构进行力学计算分析.主要针对5种路面结构的沥青层内最大拉应力、最大拉应变、路基顶面压应变、路表弯沉等力学指标进行深入对比分析,并根据疲劳寿命对各类基层进行了经济性分析.数据分析结果表明:通过合理的设计,混合式基层结构在力学性能上可以较典型半刚性基层和柔性基层结构更加优秀,虽然从单价上来讲,经济性能上不如半刚性基层,但考虑路面疲劳寿命性价的话,采用沥青稳定碎石作为上基层的混合式基层可以优于半刚性基

  9. Effect of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement on the Properties of Asphalt Mixtures%RAP对再生沥青混合料马歇尔指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A.Hussain; 邱延峻

    2012-01-01

    An experimental study was presented to eveluate the effect of the types and percentages of RAP on the Marshall performance index of asphalt mixtures.Adopting two different virgin aggregates(Limestone and Quartzite)and two different RAP sources(Nowshera and Mandra),preparing the Hot Mixture Asphalt Marshall specimens respectively,testing the different RAP ratio(0% ~ 100%)and different types of asphalt mixture of air voids,asphalt saturation,voids of mineral aggregate,Marshall stability,flow value,density and other index.The results show that mixtures containing RAP showed high stability and the stability increased with the increase in RAP content.%研究了旧沥青混合料(RAP)的种类及掺量对再生沥青混合料马歇尔指标的影响.以2种新集料(石灰岩和石英岩)及2种旧沥青混合料(Nowshera和Mandra)制备的集料,分别配制成热拌沥青混合料(HMA)的马歇尔试件,测试了不同RAP掺量(0% ~100%)及不同RAP种类的沥青混合料的空隙率、沥青饱和度、矿料间隙率、马歇尔稳定度、流值及密度等指标.试验表明:含有RAP的混合料具有更高的稳定度值,且稳定度随着RAP含量的增加而增大.

  10. 水泥混凝土桥梁长寿命桥面铺装层复合结构疲劳特性%Fatigue Performance of Composite Structure for Perpetual Pavement on Cement Concrete Bridge Deck

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱振东; 王江洋; 王亚奇

    2012-01-01

    In order concrete bridge, to design the perpetual pavement with excellent fatigue behavior for the cement based on the characteristics required for perpetual road pavement, three composite structures were tested with four-point flexural bending test to investigate fatigue properties based on the Weibull distribution theory. The double-logarithm fatigue equations for perpetual pavement were established. The results show that the fatigue lives of three composite structures follow the double-parameter Weibull distribution. With the failure probability of 0.1, the fatigue performance of composite structure, when the lower layer is AC while the lower layer uses epoxy asphalt mixture (EAM) as a substitute for stone mastic asphalt (SMA), is improved significantly. In addition, the fatigue performance of composite structure, when the lower layer is EAM while the upper layer uses SMA as a substitute for asphalt concrete (AC), is improved more. The combination structure of EAM and SMA has the best fatigue performance, and totally satisfies the structure design feature requirement for perpetual pavement. The research results provide a reliable foundation for the further study of the perpetual bridge deck pavement.%为了构建疲劳性能优异的水泥混凝土桥梁长寿命铺装结构,借鉴长寿命沥青路面设计的基本思路,选取3种铺装复合结构方案,采用应变控制的四点弯曲疲劳试验,并基于Weibull分布理论对复合结构的疲劳特性进行分析,建立长寿命桥面铺装复合结构双对数疲劳预估方程。研究结果表明:3种铺装复合结构的疲劳寿命均服从双参数Weibull分布;在失效概率为0.1时,复合结构上面层同为AC,下面层采用环氧沥青混合料(EAM)代替SMA后,其疲劳性能得到提高,复合结构下面层同为EAM,上面层采用SMA代替AC后,疲劳性能得到再次提高;"EAM+SMA"的组合具有较好的抗疲劳性能,同时满足长寿命桥面铺装的结构最优设

  11. 双层多孔隙沥青路面吸音降噪有限元分析%Finite element analysis for noise-reducing of double-layer porous asphalt pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宏畅; 黄晓明; 廖公云; 薛国强

    2011-01-01

    For single-layer porous asphalt pavement easy blocking, double-layer porous asphalt pavement structure was brought out. The numerical simulation for acoustic absorption properties of porous asphalt pavement structure was made with application of finite element method and acoustic-solid coupling model by large-scale commercial software ABAQUS. The noise-reducing feature was analyzed for the double-layer porous asphalt pave- ment in porosity and thickness combinations and then structural parameters suitable for double-layer porous pave- ment was proposed. The result indicated that double-layer porous asphalt pavement has better sound absorption for upper and lower-layer porosity of 10% , 25% , the upper and lower-layer thickness of 2 cm, 4 cm. The con- clusion can provide a theoretical basis for the application of double-layer porous asphalt pavement.%针对单层多孔隙沥青路面容易阻塞的问题,提出双层多孔隙沥青路面结构形式,采用有限元的方法,应用空气介质和吸声结构的声一固耦合模型,通过大型商用软件ABAQUS对多孔隙沥青路面吸声结构的吸声性能进行数值仿真模拟,分析了双层多孔隙沥青路面中空隙率组合以及厚度组合下的降噪特性,据此提出适宜的双层多孔隙沥青路面结构参数,计算结果表明双层多孔隙沥青路面结构,当上层空隙率为10%,下层空隙率为25%,上层厚度为2cm,下层厚度为4cm时,吸声效果较好。结论可为双层多孔隙沥青路面的应用提供理论基础。

  12. A novel technique for the production of cool colored concrete tile and asphalt shingle roofing products

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Levinson, Ronnen; Akbari, Hashem; Berdahl, Paul; Wood, Kurt; Skilton, Wayne; Petersheim, Jerry

    2009-11-20

    The widespread use of solar-reflective roofing materials can save energy, mitigate urban heat islands and slow global warming by cooling the roughly 20% of the urban surface that is roofed. In this study we created prototype solar-reflective nonwhite concrete tile and asphalt shingle roofing materials using a two-layer spray coating process intended to maximize both solar reflectance and factory-line throughput. Each layer is a thin, quick-drying, pigmented latex paint based on either acrylic or a poly(vinylidene fluoride)/acrylic blend. The first layer is a titanium dioxide rutile white basecoat that increases the solar reflectance of a gray-cement concrete tile from 0.18 to 0.79, and that of a shingle surfaced with bare granules from 0.06 to 0.62. The second layer is a 'cool' color topcoat with weak near-infrared (NIR) absorption and/or strong NIR backscattering. Each layer dries within seconds, potentially allowing a factory line to pass first under the white spray, then under the color spray. We combined a white basecoat with monocolor topcoats in various shades of red, brown, green and blue to prepare 24 cool color prototype tiles and 24 cool color prototypes shingles. The solar reflectances of the tiles ranged from 0.26 (dark brown; CIELAB lightness value L* = 29) to 0.57 (light green; L* = 76); those of the shingles ranged from 0.18 (dark brown; L* = 26) to 0.34 (light green; L* = 68). Over half of the tiles had a solar reflectance of at least 0.40, and over half of the shingles had a solar reflectance of at least 0.25.

  13. Seismic joint analysis for non-destructive testing of asphalt and concrete slabs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryden, N.; Park, C.B.

    2005-01-01

    A seismic approach is used to estimate the thickness and elastic stiffness constants of asphalt or concrete slabs. The overall concept of the approach utilizes the robustness of the multichannel seismic method. A multichannel-equivalent data set is compiled from multiple time series recorded from multiple hammer impacts at progressively different offsets from a fixed receiver. This multichannel simulation with one receiver (MSOR) replaces the true multichannel recording in a cost-effective and convenient manner. A recorded data set is first processed to evaluate the shear wave velocity through a wave field transformation, normally used in the multichannel analysis of surface waves (MASW) method, followed by a Lambwave inversion. Then, the same data set is used to evaluate compression wave velocity from a combined processing of the first-arrival picking and a linear regression. Finally, the amplitude spectra of the time series are used to evaluate the thickness by following the concepts utilized in the Impact Echo (IE) method. Due to the powerful signal extraction capabilities ensured by the multichannel processing schemes used, the entire procedure for all three evaluations can be fully automated and results can be obtained directly in the field. A field data set is used to demonstrate the proposed approach.

  14. Causes of the Abnormal Seepage Field in a Dam with Asphaltic Concrete Core

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiafa Zhang; Jinlong Wang; Haodong Cui

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT:Asphaltic concrete core (ACC) dams are widely built in China. Many ACC dams perform well, but others have experienced significant leakage including the case in western China studied herein. A numerical model of saturated-unsaturated water flow was adapted to simulate the seepage through the dam. By comparing the normal and abnormal seepage fields under different conditions, the main causes for the actual abnormal seepage field were identified and attributed to a defect in the ACC and an unintended, low permeability layer (LPL) in the transition zone (TZ) and the downstream dam shell. These conclusions are consistent with the situation and performance of the dam. Inadequate ACC con-struction processes might have caused defects in the ACC. An abrupt change of the ACC thickness probably induced stress concentrations and caused the ACC to fail. Material sources for the TZ and dam shell were complex and varied from specifications, and soil gradation for the TZ was inadequately controlled. In particular, tests show that the permeability varies over large ranges in these two parts of the dam. An unexpected LPL probably exists in both areas, and extends continuously.

  15. Predicting the Dynamic Behavior of Asphalt Concrete Using Three-dimensional Discrete Element Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Jun; PAN Tongyan; CHEN Jingya; HUANG Xiaoming; LU Yang

    2012-01-01

    A user-defined three-dimensional (3D) discrete element model was presented to predict the dynamic modulus and phase angle of asphalt concrete (AC).The 3D discrete element method (DEM) model of AC was constructed employing a user-defined computer program developed using the "Fish" language in PFC3D.Important microstructural features of AC were modeled,including aggregate gradation,air voids and mastic.The irregular shape of aggregate particle was modeled using a clump of spheres.The developed model was validated through comparing with experimental measurements and then used to simulate the cyclic uniaxial compression test,based on which the dynamic modulus and phase angle were calculated from the output stressstrain relationship.The effects of air void content,aggregate stiffness and volumetric fraction on AC modulus were further investigated.The experimental results show that the 3D DEM model is able to accurately predict both dynamic modulus and phase angle of AC across a range of temperature and loading frequencies.The userdefined 3D model also demonstrated significant improvement over the general existing two-dimensional models.

  16. Design and Performance of Hot Mix Asphalts with High Percentages of Reclaimed Asphalt: Approach followed in the Paramix Project

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez, F.; Rodriguez, M; Visscher, J.; Vanelstraete, A.; Bock, L.

    2004-01-01

    The use of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RA) in new asphalt pavements can provide important economical savings, while reducing the negative environmental impact. The European research project PARAMIX aims to improve the techniques for hot mix recycling in plant and cold mix in situ recycling, so as to increase the amount of reclaimed asphalt and develop competitive road pavement rehabilitation techniques. This paper deals with the design of hot mix asphalts for the project. The di...

  17. 广西地区高速公路沥青路面病害及防治措施%Asphalt Pavement Disease of Expressway in Guangxi and Preventive Measure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡浩; 马进; 窦健珍

    2012-01-01

    以广西南宁至友谊关、百色至罗村口高速公路为例,调查并分析了广西地区高速公路沥青路面常见病害。介绍了南友高速、百罗高速公路沥青路面目前的养护方法及技术,并对进一步完善广西地区高速公路沥青路面预防性养护工作提出了建议。%Taking Nanning-Youyiguan and Baise-Luocunkou Expressway in Guangxi as an example,common diseases of asphalt pavement of expressway in Guangxi are surveyed and analyzed.The current maintenance methods and technology for asphalt pavement of Nanning-Youyiguan and Baise-Luocunkou Expressway are introduced and proposals of improving preventive maintenance of asphalt pavement of expressway in Guangxi are put forward.

  18. 高等级公路沥青路面预防性养护措施优选研究%Study on preventive maintenance measures of high-grade highway asphalt pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐俊峰

    2015-01-01

    介绍了高等级公路沥青路面预防性养护技术,阐述了高等级公路由以往的建设为主,发展成为建设与养护并重的新模式,对高等级公路沥青路面预防性养护技术中常见的问题进行了论述,指出只有搞好沥青路面的预防性养护工作,才能有效的延长高等级公路的使用寿命。%The paper introduces preventive maintenance technology of high-grade highway asphalt pavement,describes new mode of combining development construction and maintenance replacing construction orientation,discusses common preventive maintenance technology problems of high-grade highway asphalt pavement,and finally points out that:only through improving preventive maintenance of asphalt pavement,can we ef-fectively prolong high-grade highway service life.

  19. 戈壁荒漠地区沥青路面施工质量控制技术%Construction quality control technology of asphalt pavement in Gobi desert region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢强

    2015-01-01

    The typical disease form of asphalt pavement was summarized in the Gobi desert region of Gansu province.Based on the construction management experience in t in the region for many years,construction quality control technology of asphalt pavement in Gobi desert region was developed.The highways tracking survey results show that asphalt pavement quality can be well controlled by some quality control technology in the Gobi desert region of Gansu province i.e.design and construction process optimization, strict material selection.%总结了甘肃省内戈壁荒漠地区沥青路面的典型病害形式,结合在该地区多年的施工管理经验,提出了降低戈壁荒漠地区沥青路面病害的施工控制技术。多条高速公路的跟踪调查结果表明,通过设计优化,施工过程精细化控制,工艺优化,材料严格选择,可以很好的控制河西地区的公路沥青路面质量通病。

  20. 双层排水路面在遂资眉高速公路工程中的应用%Application of Double Drainage Asphalt Pavement in Sui Zimei Highway Engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王毅; 唐国奇; 魏娟; 张姣; 廖飞

    2014-01-01

    Compared with conventional single-layer drainage asphalt pavement structure,double drain-age pavement structure system has great advantages in noise reduction,anti-slide,drainage,antifreeze and durability.Based on the engineering application of double drainage asphalt pavement in Sui Zimei highway engineering,the double-layer drainage asphalt mix design and performance test are investiga-ted in this paper.Finally a detailed introduction of construction technology is presented.%双层排水路面结构体系相对于传统的单层排水沥青路面结构在降噪、抗滑、排水、抗冻及耐久性等方面具有较大的优势。文中通过双层排水降噪沥青路面在遂资眉高速公路工程中的实际应用,对双层排水性沥青混合料的配合比设计及其性能进行了试验测试分析,并就工程施工的要点进行了总结。

  1. 水泥混凝土桥面铺装施工质量控制%Pavement construction quality control of cement concrete bridge deck

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾志民

    2009-01-01

    Combining with construction practice of the bridge deck pavement, the author introduces the quality control points in the cement concrete bridge deck pavement construction from aspects of hinge joint concrete construction and bridge deck pavement concrete construction, so as to perfect bridge deck pavement construction technology, ensure that the bridge deck concrete pavement layer has design strength, in-tegrity and anti-permeability, anti-crack and anti-impact performance.%结合桥面铺装的施工实践,从铰缝混凝土施工和桥面铺装混凝土施工两方面介绍了水泥混凝土桥面铺装施工中的质量控制要点,以完善桥面铺装施工工艺,保证桥面混凝土铺装层具有设计强度、整体性及抗渗抗裂抗冲击性.

  2. Research on Applying Ground Penetration Radar for Asphalt Pavement Thickness Detection%应用地质雷达检测沥青路面厚度的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王东博

    2015-01-01

    Pavement layer thickness detection is an important work on road quality control, non-destructive testing technology is gradually replacing the traditional destructive testing methods. This paper studies the geological radar theory and its use in asphalt pavement thickness testing of physical engineering, pavement thickness of this non-destructive testing technology, and the accuracy, reliability, and error causes are analyzed. The results show that ground penetrating radar detection of the asphalt pavement has a unique advantage in quality.%路面结构层厚度检测是道路质量控制的重要工作,无损检测技术正在逐步取代传统破坏性试验手段。本文通过研究地质雷达的理论和其在沥青路面厚度检测的实体工程中的应用,对这种无损检测路面厚度技术的准确性、可靠性及误差产生原因进行了分析。结果表明地质雷达在沥青路面质量检测中具有独特的优势。

  3. Validation of a dynamic modulus predictive equation on the basis of spanish asphalt concrete mixtures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mateos, A.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Dynamic modulus is defined as the ratio of peak cyclic stress to peak cyclic strain under harmonic loading. It is one of the most important properties of asphalt mixtures, since it determines the strain response characteristics as a function of loading rate and temperature. Different simplified models exist that can predict this variable from mixture composition and binder rheological data, with Witczak and Hirsh models being the most widely accepted. These models have been evaluated in the present study, on the basis of 352 data points from eight asphalt concrete mixtures that were tested between −5 and 60 °C. A new model is also formulated which improves predictions of the previous ones for Spanish mixtures, even though it is a relatively simple equation that requires very limited binder rheological data compared to Witczak and Hirsch models.El módulo dinámico es la relación entre los picos de tensión y deformación bajo carga armónica. Es una de las propiedades más importantes de las mezclas bituminosas, ya que determina la respuesta deformacional en función de la velocidad de carga y la temperatura. Existen diferentes modelos simplificados que permiten predecir esta variable a partir de la composición de la mezcla y de las características reológicas del betún, siendo los de Witczak y el de Hirsch los más ampliamente aceptados. Dichos modelos han sido evaluados en el presente estudio a partir de 352 puntos procedentes de ocho mezclas tipo hormigón bituminoso que fueron ensayadas entre −5 y 60 °C. Así mismo, se ha formulado un nuevo modelo que mejora las predicciones de los anteriores para las mezclas españolas, aun tratándose de una ecuación relativamente simple que requiere una mínima información reológica del betún en comparación con los modelos de Witczak y Hirsch.

  4. Analysis on the Application of Modified Emulsified Asphalt in Expressway Pavement Construction%改性乳化沥青在高速路面施工中的应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张佳

    2013-01-01

    This article discusses the technology characteristics of modified emulsified asphalt, carries out the analysis and dis-cussion of the modified emulsified asphalt applied in the exp-ressway pavement construction, and has a deep understanding to the relevant contents, aims at providing some enlightenment and thinking to the application of modified emulsified asphalt.%文章论述了改性乳化沥青的技术特点,并着重就改性乳化沥青在高速路面施工中的应用做出了分析与探讨,对其相关内容有了一个深入的了解,意在为改性乳化沥青的现实应用提供借鉴与思路。

  5. Evaluation of accelerated deterioration in NAPTF flexible test pavements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kasthurirangan GOPALAKRISHNAN

    2008-01-01

    Previous research studies have successfully demonstrated the use of artificial neural network(ANN)models for predicting critical structural responses and layer moduli of highway flexible pavements.The primary objective of this study was to develop an ANN-based approach for backcalculation of pavement moduli based on heavy weight deflectometer(HWD)test data,especially in the analysis of airport flexible pavements subjected to new generation aircraft(NGA).Two medium-strength subgrade flexible test sections,at the National Airport Pavement Test Facility(NAPTF),were modeled using a finite element(FE) based pavement analysis program,which can consider the non-linear stress-dependent behavior of pavement geomaterials.A multi-layer,feed-forward network which uses an error-backpropagation algorithm was trained to approximate the HWD backcalculation function using the FE program generated synthetic database.At the NAPTF,test sections were subjected to Boeing 777 (B777)trafficking on one lane and Boeing 747(B747)trafficking on the other lane using a test machine.To monitor the effect of traffic and climatic variations on pavement structural responses.HWD tests were conducted on the traffieked lanes and on the untraffieked centerline of test sections as trafficking progressed.The trained ANN models were successfully applied on the actual HWD test data acquired at the NAPTF to predict the asphalt concrete moduli and non-1inear subgrade moduli of the medium-strength subgrade flexible test sections.

  6. Linear Fatigue Damage Characteristics and Stress Evolution Regularity of Asphalt Pavement%沥青路面线性疲劳损伤特性及应力状态演变规律

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙志林; 黄晓明

    2012-01-01

    In order to study the fatigue damage characteristics and stress evolution regularity of asphalt pavement under vehicle load, by using general finite element software ABAQUS and the secondary development platform, a numerical model of asphalt pavement considering pavement material linear fatigue damage was established to analyze the spatial distribution and evolution of asphalt pavement structure damage under repeat vehicle loads, and to analyze the horizontal normal stress within the pavement structure. The results show that (1) The pavement structural damage mainly distributes in a specific damage zone located near the bottom of the layer along the middle line between the double wheels. With an increasing of the load cycles, the damage degree at the bottom of the base layer and thft sub-base layer increases, but the rate of which gradually decreases. (2) The horizontal tensile stress in the specific damage zone of a pavement structure considering damage is less than that of the pavement structure without considering damage. Simultaneously, this horizontal tensile stress gradually decreases, and the rate of which also decreases with the increase of load cycles. The results can be used to judge the failure region and degree of the asphalt pavement under maintenance, and to determine the design index of the asphalt pavement design research.%为了研究沥青路面结构在车辆荷栽作用下的疲劳损伤演化特性及应力状态演变规律,运用通用有限元软件ABAQUS及二次开发平台,建立考虑路面材料线性疲劳损伤的沥青路面结构数值计算模型,分析沥青路面结构在车辆荷载反复作用下路面结构损伤以及路面结构内部水平正应力的空间分布与演化规律.结果表明:路面结构损伤主要分布在双轮中心线下靠近层底的区域,随着荷载作用次数增加,基层层底与底基层层底损伤度均增加,但增加幅度逐渐减小;双轮中心线下靠近层底区域,考虑损伤的

  7. Properties of Emulsification and Recycling of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement in Room Temperature%常温乳化再生回收沥青混合料的性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王昌引; 葛折圣; 胡晓倩; 黄明波

    2011-01-01

    In the existing technology of cold asphalt pavement recycling, it is only the aggregate that is used again after the crushing and screening of the Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement ( RAP), but the asphalt is discarded. So a lot of asphalt resource is wasted. The technology of emulsification and recycling of RAP in room temperature reuses the aged asphalt in the RAP thereby effectively reducing the quantity of newly added asphalt and also improving the performance of the mixture. The application of this technology will save a lot of valuable resources, reduce material costs and save project investments. The technology also contributes to the practice of " resource-saving and environmental-friendliness" in road construction.%现有的沥青路面冷再生技术将回收的旧沥青混合料破碎、筛分后作为集料使用.其中的沥青未得到利用,造成了大量沥青资源的浪费.回收沥青混合料的常温乳化再生技术能充分利用回收混合料中的老化沥青,降低新添加沥青的用量,提高混合料的路用性能.该成果的推广应用将节约大量宝贵的沥青资源,降低材料成本,节约工程投资.为实践“资源节约,环境友好”和可持续发展的交通建设模式做出贡献.

  8. Dynamic Mechanical Characterizations and Road Performances of Flame Retardant Asphalt Mortars and Concretes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIN Xiantao; ZHU Siyue; LI Zuzhong; CHEN Shuanfa

    2015-01-01

    To research the dynamic mechanical properties and road performances of flame retardant asphalt mortars and mixtures, four different asphalt mortars/mixtures were prepared: a reference group and three asphalt mortars/mixtures containing composite lfame retardant materials (M-FRs) of different proportions. Temperature sweep, frequency sweep, repeated creep test, force ductility test and bending beam rheological test were carried out to research the dynamic mechanical properties of asphalt mortars containing M-FRs; wheel-tracking test, low-temperature bending test and freeze-thaw split test were used to study the road performances of asphalt mixtures containing M-FRs. The results show that high-temperature performances of the three lfame retardant asphalt mortars improve greatly, while low-temperature cracking resistances decline. Both high-temperature performances and water stabilities of asphalt mixtures containing M-FRs are quite good and exceed the speciifcation requirements. However, their low-temperature performances decline in different degrees. In summary, besides their good lfame retardancy, the lfame retardant asphalt mortars and mixtures also exhibit acceptable road performance.

  9. 厂拌热再生沥青混合料在含LSPM路面结构中的应用及评价%Application and Evaluation of Asphalt Mixture by Central Plant Hot Recycling in Pavement Structure with LSPM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛彦卿; 黄晓明

    2011-01-01

    Firstly, the reclaimed asphalt pavement was detected, and further mixing proportion of as-phalt mixture AC-20/AC-25 by central plant hot recycling was designed. Secondly, the compressive strength and the compressive resilience modulus of the mixture with different RAP percentages were tested with pressure machine and MTS-810 respectively at 15 and 20℃. Next, the change laws were analyzed and the value ranges were recommended. Finally, structural analysis and evaluation were carried out for over-laid asphalt pavement and perpetual pavement by central plant hot recycling with LSPM so as to demon-strate the technical feasibility of the mixture used as structural layer of surface course in pavement struc-ture with LSPM. The studies have suggested that, for overlaid asphalt pavement by central plant hot recy-cling with LSPM, the compressive resilience modulus of the recycled mixture needs testing in design and the tensile stress at the bottom of recycled structural layer needs checking according to specifications. Mo-reover , the application of recycled mixture in perpetual pavement with LSPM can satisfy the design control indexes.%首先对回收沥青路面材料(RAP)进行了检测,进而设计了厂拌热再生沥青混合料AC-20与AC-25的配合比.其次,利用压力机和MTS-810测定了其不同RAP掺配比例下15℃和20℃抗压强度和抗压回弹模量,分析了变化规律并推荐取值范围.最后,针对含LSPM厂拌热再生加铺沥青路面与含LSPM厂拌热再生永久性路面,进行了结构分析与评价,论证了厂拌热再生沥青混合料作为面层结构层应用于含LSPM路面结构在技术上的可行性.研究表明,对于含LSPM厂拌热再生加铺沥青路面,设计时有必要实测厂拌热再生沥青混合料的抗压回弹模量,并验算该结构层底弯拉应力是否满足规范要求;将厂拌热再生沥青混合料应用于含LSPM的永久性路面能满足设计控制指标.

  10. Cost-benefit analysis of the construction of different flexible pavement structures considering the axle load and type of binder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Dotto Bueno

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The status of Brazilian highways reflects a deficient pavement performance when they are subjected to loadings imposed by heavy traffic. Current legislation, as enacted by Contran (National Traffic Council, has increased the axle weight limit for cargo vehicles by up to 10%. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine a cost-benefit ratio by using different types of structures, asphalt binders and load intensities. Typical pavements were determined and then analyzed by the software AEMC (SisPav to obtain the horizontal tensile strain (εt values at the bottom of the asphalt concrete layer and, later, the NFATIGUE value. It was found that the increase in weight, within values covered by legislation, might result in a reduction of approximately 50% in the NFATIGUE value for the pavement structures analyzed. As for economic impact, the same weight increase caused a mean increase of 120% in the cost of repeated loading on pavement structures (R$ NFATIGUE-1. It was also observed that structures with more robust asphalt concrete layers can provide the best R$ NFATIGUE-1 ratios. The best results for granular materials were found with thinner layers, associated with a thicker coating. The benefits of modified binders were shown by the analyses of the best structural options: both the polymer-modified binder and the rubber asphalt binder offer significant structural and economic improvements to the structure.

  11. 沥青路面粘层材料性能的试验%Experimental research of tack coat materials' performance on asphalt pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭寅川; 申爱琴; 张金荣; 孙增智

    2011-01-01

    沥青路面层间材料粘结性能的优劣直接关系到路面的整体受力状态,进而影响路面的使用寿命。利用自行研发的多功能剪切仪,对普通沥青、SBS改性沥青和SBS改性乳化沥青这3种常用的粘层材料在不同温度及洒布量条件下的粘结性能进行试验研究,提出以不同温度下的粘结抗剪强度作为评价指标。结果表明:3种材料的粘结抗剪强度均随着温度的升高而减小,但随温度的变化规律有所不同;相比而言,在较低洒布量时,SBS改性乳化沥青表现出更优异的粘结性能,且最佳洒布量为0.5~0.7kg/m2。%Adhesion performance of the materials between asphalt pavement is directly related to the stress of the asphalt pavement,which affects the road life.The hot bitumen,SBS modified bitumen,SBS modified emulsified bitumen are selected to test the adhesion under different temperatures and the spread quantity.The shear strengthen in different temperatures is considered as the assessment indicator.The results show that the shear strengthen of the three kinds of materials will increase with the temperature down,but the changing laws of the three materials with temperature are different,in low quantity of spreading,the modified emulsified bitumen of SBS is better in adhesion performance,and the best spreading is from 0.5 kg/m2 to 0.7 kg/m2.

  12. Clogging evaluation of porous asphalt concrete cores in conjunction with medical x-ray computed tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Yu-Min; Hsu, Chen-Yu; Lin, Jyh-Dong

    2014-03-01

    This study was to assess the porosity of Porous Asphalt Concrete (PAC) in conjunction with a medical X-ray computed tomography (CT) facility. The PAC was designed as the surface course to achieve the target porosity 18%. There were graded aggregates, soils blended with 50% of coarse sand, and crushed gravel wrapped with geotextile compacted and served as the base, subbase, and infiltration layers underneath the PAC. The test site constructed in 2004 is located in Northern of Taiwan in which the daily traffic has been light and limited. The porosity of the test track was investigated. The permeability coefficient of PAC was found severely degraded from 2.2×10-1 to 1.2×10-3 -cm/sec, after nine-year service, while the permeability below the surface course remained intact. Several field PAC cores were drilled and brought to evaluate the distribution of air voids by a medical X-ray CT nondestructively. The helical mode was set to administrate the X-ray CT scan and two cross-sectional virtual slices were exported in seconds for analyzing air voids distribution. It shows that the clogging of voids occurred merely 20mm below the surface and the porosity can reduce as much about 3%. It was also found that the roller compaction can decrease the porosity by 4%. The permeability reduction in this test site can attribute to the voids of PAC that were compacted by roller during the construction and filled by the dusts on the surface during the service.

  13. Approximate Calculation of Flexural Stresses and Tensile Strains in Asphalt Pavements%沥青路面结构层弯拉应力与应变的近似计算

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吁新华; 谈至明

    2012-01-01

    The flexural stresses and tensile strains in asphalt pavement layers were studied. The hood face coefficient was proposed to characterize the influences of vertical compression stresses and shear stresses on the flexural stresses and tensile strains; the neutral axis moving coefficient was introduced to describe the differences between smooth contact and full friction contact in layers; the flexure torque distribution coefficient was put forward to show the influences of different bend curvature on asphalt layer and base. As to asphalt pavement with nonuniform modulus, the surface equivalent modulus was deduced by bending rigidity equivalent principle, and then the errors of the approximate calculation methods for the tensile strains at the bottom of surface and the flexural stresses at the bottom of base in asphalt pavement whit nonuniform modulus were discussed. Usually, the approximate calculation errors are less than 5%.%研究了各种条件下沥青路面结构弯拉应力和应变规律,引入曲面系数修正竖向压应力和剪应力的影响,引入面层弯曲中性轴下移量参数修正层间光滑与连续之间的差异,引入面层与基层弯矩分配系数反映面层、基层弯曲曲率不同的影响;对于模量不均匀面层,提出了弯曲刚度等效原则换算式;最后,讨论了各种条件下的沥青面层层底弯拉应变、半刚性或刚性基层层底弯拉应力的计算精度,其误差均不超过5%.

  14. Evaluation of Hydrated Lime Filler in Asphalt Mixtures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Abbas Hasan Al-Jumaily

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Mineral filler is one of important materials and affecting on properties and quality of asphalt mixtures .There are different types of mineral filler depended on cost and quality , the matter encourages us to achieve this study to evaluate hydrated lime filler effects on properties of asphalt mixes related with strength and durability. Conventional asphaltic concrete mixtures with Portland cement and soft sandstone fillers and mixtures modified with hydrated lime were evaluated for their fundamental engineering properties as defined by Marshall properties , index of retained strength , indirect tensile strength , permanent deformation characteristics , and fatigue resistance .A typical dense graded mixture employed in construction of surface course pavement in Iraq in accordance with SCRB specifications was used .The materials used in this study included mineral aggregate materials (coarse and fine sizes were originally obtained from Najaf Sea quarries and two grades of asphalt cements produced from Daurah refinery which are D47 and D66 . The physical properties , stiffness modulus and chemical composition are evaluated for the recovered asphalt cement from prepared asphalt mixes containing various filler types .The paper results indicated that the addition of hydrated lime as mineral filler improved the permanent deformation characteristics and fatigue life and the use of hydrated lime will decrease the moisture susceptibility of the asphalt mixtures.

  15. 积沙沥青路面抗滑性能试验研究%Experimental Study on the Skid Resistance of Asphalt Pavement with Sand Depositing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王勇; 高丽

    2016-01-01

    基于沙漠公路路面长期积沙的事实,在室内利用自行研制的加速磨耗仪对积沙沥青路面试件进行加速磨耗试验,测定磨耗试件的抗滑性,研究分析路面结构类型、路面积沙程度对积沙路面抗滑性能的影响。试验分析表明,在同一路面工况下,当路面积沙达到1.0kg/m2后,路面抗滑性能快速衰减;路面积沙程度由1 kg/m2增加到1.5 kg/m2后,AC-13的构造深度减少45%,SMA-13的构造深度减少17.6%,SMA-13相比于AC-13具有更强的抗滑性能。研究结果对沙漠公路的设计工作具有较好的参考和借鉴意义。%Based on the fact that the pavement of desert highway has long-term sand depositing ,this research make an accelerated wear tester to test the Specimen of asphalt pavement with sand depositing .The effects of different pavement structure types and degree of sand depositing on the skid resistance were also tested .The results shows that under the same road condition ,when the degree of sand depositing reaches 1 .0 kg/m2 ,the skid resistance reduces rapidly ;while the degree of sand depositing increases from 1 kg/m2 to 1 .5 kg/m2 ,the texture depth of AC-13 reduced by 45% ,the texture depth of SMA-13 reduced by 16 .7% ,the skid resistance of SMA-13 is better than SAC-13 .The research results can provide valuable guidance for the design of highway in desert area .

  16. 广西重载交通下沥青路面结构%Guangxi typical asphalt pavement structure under heavy traffic

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周志刚; 孙绪康; 冯永平; 林有贵

    2012-01-01

    根据广西公路网的具体情况,参考现行规范的要求,结合重载条件下沥青路面结构应力分析,对重载交通的特点以及路面材料参数的取值进行了探讨.建议重载作用下土基回弹模量通过野外承载板法测得的回弹变形0.6mm内的变形线性拟合获得;考虑到重载条件下半刚性材料的p-l曲线表现出明显非线性,建议将半刚性材料的应力应变工作区间延伸到极限荷载的75%~80%.并在工程实践的基础上推荐了几种路面结构组合.%In this paper,considering the specific case of road network in Guangxi,with reference to the current specification requirements,combined with asphalt pavement stress analysis under heavy traffic,the characteristics of heavy traffic and parameters of pavement materials are simply discussed.Reling on a large number of test analysis,soil base resilient modulus values under heavy traffic are proposed by the linear regression method under the test in which the resilient deformation point within 0.6mm by a bearing plate are taken.In addition,considering the case that when unit pressure is greater than 0.7 MPa,p-l curve of the semi-rigid materials shows a clear non-linear relation,and therefore the work stress-strain range are recommended to extend to 75% to 80% of the ultimate load.In the end,based on practical experience,several combinations of pavement structure are recommended.

  17. Application of viscoelastic continuum damage approach to predict fatigue performance of Binzhou perpetual pavements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Cao

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available For this study, the Binzhou perpetual pavement test sections constructed in Shandong Province, China, were simulated for long-term fatigue performance using the layered viscoelastic pavement analysis for critical distresses (LVECD finite element software package. In this framework, asphalt concrete was treated in the context of linear viscoelastic continuum damage theory. A recently developed unified fatigue failure criterion that defined the boundaries of the applicable region of the theory was also incorporated. The mechanistic modeling of the fatigue mechanisms was able to accommodate the complex temperature variations and loading conditions of the field pavements in a rigorous manner. All of the material models were conveniently characterized by dynamic modulus tests and direct tension cyclic fatigue tests in the laboratory using cylindrical specimens. By comparing the obtained damage characteristic curves and failure criteria, it is found that mixtures with small aggregate particle sizes, a dense gradation, and modified asphalt binder tended to exhibit the best fatigue resistance at the material level. The 15-year finite element structural simulation results for all the test sections indicate that fatigue performance has a strong dependence on the thickness of the asphalt pavements. Based on the predicted location and severity of the fatigue damage, it is recommended that Sections 1 and 3 of the Binzhou test sections be employed for perpetual pavement design.

  18. 透水沥青混合料的热物特性与热阻功能%Thermophysical properties and thermal resistance function of permeable asphalt concrete

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋玮; 沙爱民; 裴建中; 王振军

    2012-01-01

    In order to research thermophysical properties of permeable asphalt concrete,the indexes such as thermal conductivity,specific heat capacity and thermal diffusivity was computational researched between permeable asphalt and density graded asphalt concrete based on thermodynamic theory,the relationships between thermophysical properties of permeable asphalt concrete with air void moisture content were analyzed;indoor irradiation experiment was designed for determination the temperature change of PAC AC specimens.Theoretical calculation results indicate that permeable asphalt concrete is reduced by 20% with thermal conductivity,10% with thermal diffusivity,which is compared with density graded asphalt concrete;indoor temperature measurement results indicate that compared with density graded asphalt the temperature is decreased by 2-2.5℃ in the surface and 3-3.5℃ in the bottom of permeable asphalt concrete specimen,shows that permeable asphalt has function of thermal resistance,has strong resistant ability for the temperature load variation.Theoretical calculation results were verified.%为研究透水沥青混合料的热物性,基于热力学理论计算比较了透水沥青混合料和密级配沥青混合料的热导率、比热容、热扩散率等指标,并对透水沥青混合料的热物性指标与空隙率、含水率的关系展开分析;通过设计室内光照试验,测得相同的传热条件下两种材料表面和底部的温度变化。理论计算结果表明同密级配沥青混合料相比,透水沥青混合料的热导率降低约20%,热扩散率降低约10%;室内温度测试结果显示,透水沥青混合料试件表面较密级配沥青混合料试件温度低2~2.5℃,底部温度低3~3.5℃,说明透水沥青混合料具有热阻功能,对气温荷载变化的抵抗能力较强,验证了理论计算结果。

  19. Research on the Skidproof and Wearable Cement Concrete Pavements%水泥混凝土路面抗滑、耐磨性的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷惠菊; 毕东辉

    2000-01-01

    通过分析水泥砼路面抗滑、耐磨性的影响因素,介绍了水泥砼路面抗滑、耐磨性的技术条件及措施。%Through the analyses of the skidproof and wearable cement concrete pavements the countermeasures are given.

  20. Strain distribution and crack detection in thin unbonded concrete pavement overlays with fully distributed fiber optic sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bao, Yi; Chen, Genda

    2016-01-01

    This study aims at evaluating the feasibility of strain measurement and crack detection in thin unbonded concrete pavement overlays with pulse prepump Brillouin optical time domain analysis. Single-mode optical fibers with two-layer and three-layer coatings, respectively, were applied as fully distributed sensors, their performances were compared with analytical predictions. They were successfully protected from damage during concrete casting of three full-scale concrete panels when 5 to 10-cm-thick protective mortar covers had been set for 2 h. Experimental results from three-point loading tests of the panels indicated that the strain distributions measured from the two types of sensors were in good agreement, and cracks can be detected at sharp peaks of the measured strain distributions. The two-layer and three-layer coated fibers can be used to measure strains up to 2.33% and 2.42% with a corresponding sensitivity of 5.43×10-5 and 4.66×10-5 GHz/μɛ, respectively. Two cracks as close as 7 to 9 cm can be clearly detected. The measured strains in optical fiber were lower than the analytical prediction by 10% to 25%. Their difference likely resulted from strain transfer through various coatings, idealized point loading, varying optical fiber embedment, and concrete heterogeneity.

  1. 透水沥青路面的储水-渗透模型与效能%Water Storage-infiltration Model for Permeable Asphalt Pavement and Its Efficiency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋玮; 沙爱民; 肖晶晶; 裴建中

    2013-01-01

    Rainfall process was numeralized and the physical process of rainwater infiltration was divided into four steps. Pavement materials parameters such as rainwater adsorption rate, permeation rate, air voids content/connected air voids content, pavement thickness and precipitation parameters such as rainstorm return period, rainfall duration were selected for permeable asphalt pavement water storage-infiltration model based on the theory of meteorology and hydraulics, and the target of function design was put forward. Then, the efficiency of water storage and infiltration for permeable asphalt pavement was calculated and analyzed. Results show that the model can predict and evaluate the function of water storage and infiltration for permeable pavement in different regions on different meteorological and rainfall condition. Maximum water storage occurs in the pavement behind the time the rainfall intensity reaches its peak. The water storage structure layer can be thickened or longitudinal drainage pipe can be employed in the pavement structure if the permeable pavement structure can not meet the demand of water storage or infiltration function for some precipitation condition.%将降雨过程数值化并对雨水入渗的物理过程进行划分;选定雨水吸附率、渗透速度、空隙率/连通空隙率、结构层厚度等路面材料参数以及降雨重现期和历时等降雨参数,基于气象学和水力学理论建立透水沥青路面的储水-渗透模型,提出相应的功能设计目标,并对透水路面的效能进行计算和分析.结果表明:所建模型能够针对不同地域的气象和降雨特点对透水路面的储水、渗透功能进行预估和评价;透水沥青路面最大储水量出现时间滞后于最大降雨强度发生时间;当透水路面结构不满足该降雨条件下的储水和渗透功能要求时,可以增大路面储水结构层的厚度,或者在路面结构中铺设纵向排水管道.

  2. Long-term evaluation of the fate of sulfur mustard on dry and humid soils, asphalt, and concrete.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizrahi, Dana M; Goldvaser, Michael; Columbus, Ishay

    2011-04-15

    The long-term fate of the blister agent sulfur mustard (HD, bis(2-chloroethyl)sulfide) was determined in a variety of commercial and natural matrices. HD was found to be extremely stable in dry matrices for over a year. The addition of 5% water to the matrices induced slow degradation of HD, which lasted several months. The major degradation product in sands and asphalt was found to be a sulfonium salt, S[CH(2)CH(2)S(+)(CH(2)CH(2)OH)(2)](2) (H-2TG). Red loam soil, which has not been examined before, exhibited strong interaction with HD, both in dry form and in the presence of water. Humid red loam soil gave rise to unique oxidative degradation products. On humid concrete HD degraded to a complex mixture of products, including vinyls. This may be attributed to the basic sites incorporated in concrete.

  3. 沥青面层结构参数对倒装路面结构非线性响应分析%Analysis of Nonlinear Response of Asphalt Surface Structural Parameters on Inverted Pavement Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡海学; 肖庆一; 王志辉; 侯子义

    2011-01-01

    级配碎石过渡层能有效防止或减少半刚性基层反射裂缝,改善沥青路面排水条件,但级配碎石模量低,具有非线性应力应变特性,将其作为过渡层置于沥青面层与半刚性基层之间,会改变原路面结构应力状况.通过使用非线性路面设计程序,从沥青面层厚度、模量两个路面结构参数分析路表弯沉值、面层及半刚性基层层底拉应力、土基顶面压应变等控制指标.归纳总结沥青面层厚度以及回弹模量变化对路面各个结构层的拉、压、剪切等力学响应规律,对倒装结构组合设计具有重要的参考价值.%The graded aggregate transition layer can effectively prevent or reduce reflective cracks in the semi-rigid base course and improve the drainage conditions of asphalt road surface, but, graded aggregate has a low modulus and a nonlinear stress-strain behavior. If such graded aggregate is used as a transition layer between the asphalt surface layer and the semi-rigid base, it may change the stress of original pavement structure. By using pavement design software based on the nonlinear theory, surface deflection, tensile stress in underside of surface layer and semi-rigid base course, compressive strain on top of subgrade and other control indicators are analyzed from two structural parameters of thickness and modulus of asphalt surface layer. The law of mechanical response of the variation of thickness and modulus of resilience of asphalt pavement on the tensile, compressive and shear stress in various structural layers of road pavement is analyzed and summarized, providing important reference for the combined design of inverted pavement structures.

  4. Evaluation of steel slag coarse aggregate in hot mix asphalt concrete.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmedzade, Perviz; Sengoz, Burak

    2009-06-15

    This paper presents the influences of the utilization of steel slag as a coarse aggregate on the properties of hot mix asphalt. Four different asphalt mixtures containing two types of asphalt cement (AC-5; AC-10) and coarse aggregate (limestone; steel slag) were used to prepare Marshall specimens and to determine optimum bitumen content. Mechanical characteristics of all mixtures were evaluated by Marshall stability, indirect tensile stiffness modulus, creep stiffness, and indirect tensile strength tests. The electrical sensitivity of the specimens were also investigated in accordance with ASTM D257-91. It was observed that steel slag used as a coarse aggregate improved the mechanical properties of asphalt mixtures. Moreover, volume resistivity values demonstrated that the electrical conductivity of steel slag mixtures were better than that of limestone mixtures.

  5. Application of hot in-place recycling technology in asphalt pavement maintenance%就地热再生技术在沥青路面养护工程中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛燕萍; 李海滨; 孟建党

    2012-01-01

    An hot in-place recycling technology was applied to Xinxiang-Zhengzhou section of Bei-jing-Zhuhai expressway to study the application of the technology in asphalt pavement maintenance. Based on the detection results of old asphalt mixture, the performance degradation of asphalt and ag-gregate in the old asphalt mixture was analyzed. The reasonable mixing amount of recycling agent and fresh asphalt were determined by performance experiments. The gradation of aggregate in old as-phalt mixture was redesigned by adding new aggregate. The practical application results show that performance indexes of hot-in-place recycling of old asphalt mixture meet standard requirements.%为了研究就地热再生技术在沥青路面养护工程中的应用,在新郑高速公路养护工程中采用该技术对沥青路面进行维修.通过对旧沥青混合料进行试验检测,分析旧沥青路面混合料中沥青结合料和集料的性能衰减,并通过不同掺量的性能试验,确定合理的再生剂和新沥青结合料掺量,使沥青性能得到有效再生.通过添加新集料对旧沥青混合料中的集料进行配合比设计,使集料级配得到有效恢复.工程实践表明,旧沥青混合料经过掺加再生剂和新沥青及新集料后形成再生沥青混合料,其各项性能指标均满足规范要求.

  6. Application of Permeable Asphalt Concrete Surface Layer in Municipal Road Engineering%透水性沥青混凝土面层在市政道路工程中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严应斌

    2012-01-01

    改革开放之后,我国的经济发展日新月异,城市社会发展越来越快,而交通作为经济发展的基础,也得到了速度的发展,而市政道路的质量高低,直接影响着交通的顺畅与否,所以越来越得到政府的重视.城市市政道路工程是一个城市的形象工程,其工程质量关系到政府的形象和城市市容市貌.本文通过对透水性沥青混凝土面层的材料选择、配合比等方面的探讨,研究结果表明,透水性沥青混凝土面层具有较好的路用性能、经济效益和社会效益.%After the reform and opening up, the rapid development of China's economy and the increasingly rapid development of urban society, as the basis of economic development, traffic has been gotten rapid development, while the quality of municipal roads directly affect traffic smoothly or not, so it is gotten more and more attention by the government. The city municipal road project is the urban image engineering and its quality of the project is related to the government's image and the urban appearance of the city. This paper discussed permeable asphalt concrete surface layer's choice of materials, mix proportion. The study results show that permeable asphalt concrete surface layer has good pavement performance, economic and social benefits.

  7. 沥青路面弯沉竣工验收双控标准研究%Study on Double-control Criterion for Completion Acceptance of Asphalt Pavement Deflection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张广; 马庆伟; 郭平

    2015-01-01

    运用数理统计原理,分析不同气候分区下14条高速公路沥青路面在运营初期弯沉现场检测数据,得出不同气候分区下沥青路面运营初期弯沉的衰变幅度;并采用双控指标(即指标的衰变幅度和交工验收标准),建立了弯沉的验收标准。为后续建立关键指标竣工验收标准提供依据,进而指导陕西省乃至全国高速公路沥青路面的竣工验收。%In this paper ,through analyzing initial operational testing data of asphalt pavement deflection of 14 different highways in different climate districts ,the initial operational decay rate of asphalt pavement in dif‐ferent districts is obtained .And by using double-control criterion (decay rate of index and completion accept‐ance criterion) ,the acceptance criterion is established ,which provides the basis for the establishment of com‐pletion acceptance criterion for key indexes ,and offers further directs for completion acceptance of highway as‐phalt pavement in Shanxi and even China ..

  8. Application of CalME incremental-recursive method to the evaluation of the structural condition as asphalt pavements; Aplicacion del metodo recursivo-incremental CalME a la evaluacion del estado estructural de los pavimentos bituminosas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mateos Moreno, A.; Perez Ayuso, J.; Cadavid Jauregui, B.; Marron Fernandez, J. O.

    2011-07-01

    CalME procedure represents one of the most advanced tools for the design, of flexible pavements world-wide. It is an incremental-recursive method, which means that pavements service life must be divided into many time intervals where both structural integrity and environmental conditions can be regarded as constants. It also means that the damage calculated at the end of each interval must be considered as initial condition for the next one. The goal of this type of models is the prediction of the evolution of the different distress mechanisms. The advantages of incremental-recursive procedures versus classical analytical design are shown in this paper. Advantages are shown not only in terms of design, but also as a tool in order to support structural evaluation. In particular, the potential of asphalt fatigue model incorporated in CalME is presented. this model is initially calibrated in the laboratory, and it is then re-calibrated based on the actual performance observed from field deflection testing. The model provides a reliable prediction of the future evolution of the damage of the asphalt mixture. Fatigue model validation has been conducted based on the performance from several flexible sections evaluated in CEDEX full-scale pavements test track. (Author) 14 refs.

  9. Slow dynamic diagnosis of asphalt concrete specimen to determine level of damage caused by static low temperature conditioning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bekele, Abiy; Birgisson, Björn; Ryden, Nils; Gudmarsson, Anders

    2017-02-01

    The phenomenon of slow dynamics has been observed in a variety of materials which are considered as relatively homogeneous that exhibit nonlinearity due to the presence of defects or cracks within them. Experimental realizations in previous work suggest that slow dynamics can be in response to acoustic drives with relatively larger amplitude as well as rapid change of temperature. Slow dynamics as a nonlinear elastic response of damaged materials is manifested as a sharp drop and then recovery of resonance frequency linearly with logarithmic time. In this work, slow dynamics recovery is intended to be used as a means of identifying and evaluating thermal damage on an asphalt concrete specimen. The experimental protocol for measuring slow dynamics is based on the technique of nonlinear resonance spectroscopy and is set up with non-contact excitation using a loud speaker and the data acquisition tool box of Matlab. Sweeps of frequency with low amplitude are applied in order to probe the specimen at its linear viscoelastic state. The drop and then recovery in fundamental axially symmetric resonance frequency is observed after the specimen is exposed to sudden temperature change. The investigation of the viscoelastic contribution to the change in resonance frequency and slow dynamics can help identify micro-damage in asphalt concrete samples.

  10. Analysis on Mechanical Influence of Overloading Phenomenon on Asphalt Pavement Structure%超载现象对沥青路面结构力学影响分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑孟贵; 刘圣洁; 陈少全

    2012-01-01

    Based on the current common phenomenon of overloading in Gansu Province, the semi-rigid asphalt pavement structure typical in our country is adopted ; at the same time, against the interlayer contact between the surface and base layers of semi-rigid asphalt pavement structure, its surface deflection, tensile stress on the surface and base layers and compressive strain on the top of the subgrade are calculated and analyzed with bisar3. 0 software for pavement structure. The result shows that different overloading rates have great influence on the mechanical response of semi-rigid base asphalt pavement structure; and the gradually worsen interlayer contact conditions between surface and base layers intensify the damage effect of overloading on pavement. Based on this conclusion, it is recommended that during pavement construction, good interlayer contact conditions shall be guaranteed and some measures adopted to control overloading and heavy loading of vehicle in highway operation.%基于甘肃省目前普遍存在的超载现象,采用我国典型的半刚性沥青路面结构,同时针对沥青路面面层一基层间的层间接触,利用路面结构分析计算软件BISAR3.0对半刚性沥青路面的路表弯沉、面层层底弯拉应力及路基顶压应变进行计算分析。结果表明,不同的超载率对半刚性基层沥青路面结构力学响应有很大影响,而面层一基层间层间接触条件的逐步恶化又加剧了超载对路面的损害效应。基于此结论,建议在路面施工过程中,应保证面层一基层间接触良好,并在道路运营期间采取一些措施控制车辆的超载、重载。

  11. Dynamic Analysis of Asphalt Pavement Constructed on Soft Ground%软土地基上沥青路面在行车荷载作用下的动力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈页开; 任超

    2010-01-01

    近年来,许多学者对行车荷载作用下柔性路面的动力响应开展了研究,但大部分的研究主要集中在分析柔性路面结构中面层材料和基层材料对路面动力响应的影响,很少有研究考虑到了地基土层,尤其是软土地基对路面结构疲劳和车辙的影响.重点分析了在行车荷载作用下,建造在软土地基上柔性路面的的动力特性,应用ABAQUS中的隐式动力有限元法,充分考虑地基土的弹塑性特性,对车辆单次加载作用下路面结构的特性以及多次加载作用下路面结构的累积变形进行了分析和探讨.%The dynamic response of asphalt pavement under traffic loads,most of the studies are done to analyze the influence of pavement and base material quality on the pavement system, little work has been done to investigate the contribution of the foundation layers on pavement fatigue and rutting under the dynamic load and to reveal the influence of its elastoplastic behavior on the pavement system. The dynamic response of asphalt pavement system under traffic loads on soft ground was investigated. Analyses are done taking into account soil plasticity of subgrade and ground. The analyses focus on the clay subgrade and clay ground rather than on asphalt and base layers. The computed results of one cycle and more cycles are closely studied. The study, conducted with program ABAQUS, employs a axisymmetric, implicit dynamic finite element method.

  12. Combining asphalt-rubber (AR) and fast-pyrolysis bio-oil to create a binder for flexible pavements

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Best paper award of the conference The bio-oil from fast pyrolysis is mainly a product of the recycling of waste materials. This is a viscoelastic material, and after a heat treatment it has a viscosity similar to many types of asphalt used in the paving industry. Although bio-oil showed very good high temperature performance, the same was not verified at low temperatures. Therefore, GTR from cryogenic milling was used to modify the bio-oil. Then, a blend was produced by adding 20% (w/w) o...

  13. Simplified Pavement Design for LPAs: Introduction to PaveXpress

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Simplified Pavement Design for LPA's; An introduction to and use of PaveXpress, a simplified, free, web-based pavement design scoping tool for roadway and parking lot pavements. The system was developed by Pavia Systems in partnership with the National Asphalt Pavement Association. PaveXpress creates technical sound pavement structural designs for flexible and rigid pavements based on widely accepted industry standards from the Association of State Highway Officials (AASHTO). The simplified p...

  14. Field Investigation of High Performance Pavements in Virginia

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    This study evaluated 18 pavement sections located in high-traffic highways in Virginia to find a premium pavement design with a life span of 40 years or more using current and past field experience. The selected pavement sections were thought to perform well. Eight flexible pavements, six composite pavements, two continuously reinforced concrete pavements, and two jointed plain concrete pavements were investigated. Field testing consisted of (1) falling weight deflectometer (FWD) testing to a...

  15. The Impact of Traffic-Induced Bridge Vibration on Rapid Repairing High-Performance Concrete for Bridge Deck Pavement Repairs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Wang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on forced vibration tests for high-performance concrete (HPC, the influence of bridge vibration induced by traveling vehicle on compressive strength and durability of HPC has been studied. It is concluded that 1 d and 2 d compressive strength of HPC decreased significantly, and the maximum reduction rate is 9.1%, while 28 d compressive strength of HPC had a slight lower with a 3% maximal drop under the action of two simple harmonic vibrations with 2 Hz, 3 mm amplitude, and 4 Hz, 3 mm amplitude. Moreover, the vibration had a slight effect on the compressive strength of HPC when the simple harmonic vibration had 4 Hz and 1 mm amplitude; it is indicated that the amplitude exerts a more prominent influence on the earlier compressive strength with the comparison of the frequency. In addition, the impact of simple harmonic vibration on durability of HPC can be ignored; this shows the self-healing function of concrete resulting from later hydration reaction. Thus, the research achievements mentioned above can contribute to learning the laws by which bridge vibration affects the properties of concrete and provide technical support for the design and construction of the bridge deck pavement maintenance.

  16. Mechanism Analysis and Treatment Measures on Water Damage Diseases of Asphalt Pavement%沥青混凝土路面水损病害原因及防治策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈成; 冷鹏

    2014-01-01

    Water damage has become one of the important factors influencing the normal function of asphalt pavement.For the used asphalt pavements,the method of treating water damages is to repair the damages to meet the function and prolong the life.According to the performance of water damage for asphalt pavement,the causes of water damage is analyzed in this paper from three aspects:the di-rect effect of water,the effect of vehicle load and the dynamic water pressure.Based on this,three comprehensive treating ideas and measures of design concepts,construction methods,and material se-lection are proposed.%沥青路面水损害为影响沥青路面正常使用的重要因素之一。对已建成的沥青混凝土路面,水损害处治的重点是对病害缺陷进行修复,以满足使用功能,延长其使用寿命。文中根据沥青路面水损害的现象,从水的直接作用,车辆荷载的作用和动水压力的作用3方面分析了水损害产生的原因。在此基础上,从设计理念,施工方法,材料选用3方面提出了综合治理的方案和对策。

  17. 贝克曼梁法测试水泥砼路面弯沉及路面持荷能力评价%Backman Beam Method Test of Cement Concrete Pavement Deflection and Pavement Loading Capacity Evaluation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Backman beam method for detection of the cement concrete pavement is widely used at home and abroad, and it is the main method of cement concrete pavement strength of our survey, there are a lot of the joint of cement concrete pavement, in the long-term running effect and infiltration of rainwater ef-fect, very easy to cause the void beneath slab. According to the Backman beam method detection deflection data, this paper pr-oposes treatment scheme on the plate considering the road blo-ck bearing capacity, load transfer capability, and verifies.%  贝克曼梁法检测水泥混凝土路面板底脱空是国内外广泛使用的方法,也是我国水泥混凝土路面路面强度调查的主要方法,水泥混凝土路面有很多接缝,在长期行车作用及雨水渗入作用下,很容易造成板底脱空。本文根据贝克曼梁法检测的弯沉数据,在综合考虑路面板块承载能力、传荷能力的情况对板块提出了处理方案,并进行了实例验证。

  18. Temperature Characteristic of Asphalt Pavement Structure in Beijing Based on Temperature Survey of Test Road%北京地区沥青路面结构内部温度变化规律

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩丁丁; 张金喜; 魏建军

    2015-01-01

    为了掌握沥青路面温度变化规律,更加准确地指导沥青路面设计和对沥青路面病害的分析,选择北京地区某高速公路沥青路面,在路面结构内部埋设了温度测试设备,对沥青路面结构内部温度进行了跟踪监测和分析,并给出了北京地区路面结构内部温度极值的预测公式.结果表明:北京地区(实验路段中)沥青路面上面层底部全年最高温度为33.8℃,最低温度为-16.8℃.夏季沥青路面结构内部平均温度梯度为0.45℃/cm,冬季为-0.10℃/cm.路面结构内部温度降温速率在农历夏至前后最大,约0.6~1.2℃/h;路面在冬季长时间处于低温状况,降温速率在冬季较小,约0.2~0.4℃/h.北京地区1 a内沥青路面工作温度处于中低温期的时间约占85%左右.%In order to know the law of the temperature change of asphalt pavements, to design and precisely analyze the damaged asphalt pavements, temperature sensors were buried in a certain highway asphalt pavement in Beijing. And the sensors were used to track and analyze the internal temperature changes of the pavement structure. The results show that the temperature at the bottom of the upper surface varies from 33. 8 ℃ to -16. 8 ℃ during a year. The average temperature gradient of the pavement is 0. 45℃/cm in summer and -0. 10℃/cm in winter. The temperature decreasing rate of the pavement is about 0. 6~1. 2℃/h and the highest temperature decreasing rate occurs around the summer solstice of Chinese lunar calendar. The temperature decreasing rate is smaller than that of other seasons, and the record number is about 0. 2~0. 4℃/h. The working temperature of the asphalt pavement below 20℃ is about 85% within a year. A prediction formula of extreme of the internal temperature of the pavement structure was given in the paper.

  19. Application research on hot in-place recycling technology in Lin-Chang highway asphalt pavement%临长高速公路沥青路面就地热再生应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪敏丽

    2014-01-01

    Taking hot in-place recycling engineering of Lin-Chang highway as the background,the paper briefly discusses the construction proce-dures of hot in-place recycling technology,describes asphalt pavement mixture test,asphalt mixing recycling agent test points and recycled mix-ture construction mixing proportion design,and finally summarizes construction quality control measures.%以临长高速公路就地热再生工程为依托,简述了就地热再生技术的施工流程,阐述了原沥青路面混合料试验、沥青掺加再生剂试验要点,并通过再生混合料施工配合比设计,总结了施工过程中的质量控制措施。

  20. Difference of Anti-rutting Performance of Flexible and Semi-rigid Basecourse Asphalt Pavement%柔性与半刚性基层沥青路面抗车辙性能的差异

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王大伟

    2012-01-01

    Semi-rigid basecourse asphalt pavement is commonly applied in domestic expressway and flexible basecourse pavement is more applied in foreign expressway.The difference of anti-rutting performance of these two pavement structures is the issue we need to pay attention to.Through the response of standard load on pavement structure,mechanic analysis on some aspects like stress,strain and bending and etc is performed by using BISAR3.0 software.%国内高速公路普遍使用半刚性基层沥青路面,而国外更多地使用柔性基层路面,这两种结构的路面抗车辙性能的差异是值得我们关注的问题。通过标准荷载对路面结构的响应,使用BISAR3.0软件分别从应力、应变、弯沉等方面进行了力学分析。

  1. Test on Dynamic Response of Flexible Base Asphalt Pavement%柔性基层沥青路面动力响应试槽试验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李起伟; 黎晓; 梁乃兴

    2012-01-01

    根据室内试槽柔性基层沥青路面结构的重复加载试验,总结了路用电阻应变片的选择依据和黏贴工艺,对比分析了压路机压实方式对应变片存活率的影响;利用惠斯登电桥电路测试了柔性基层沥青路面的动力响应,并与数值计算进行对比.研究表明:路用电阻应变片栅长应大于80 mm,并与集料的最大公称粒径相关;电阻应变片在压路机静压的方式下有较理想的存活率,而在强振作用下却极难存活;在移动荷载作用下沥青面层底部横向应变交替出现拉、压应变,其最大值比层状弹性体系模型计算值小.%According to repeated load test of flexible base asphalt pavement, the structure is built in the indoor pit. The principle of choosing resistance strain gauges and the surface-sticking process of gauge was summarized; the survival rate of strain gauge based on the comparison of road roller' s compaction mode strong vibration or static pressure was discussed. The data of time-history curves was collected through the Wheatstone Bridge with the numerical calculation comparative study. The detection results show; the gate length of resistance strain gauge should not be less than 80mm, which is related to nominal maximum size of aggregate. Gauges' survival rate is affected by different compaction model, which is much lower under the strong vibration model. Also the response of. strain in layer bottom under the dynamic load of moving vehicle is more complex than that in static situation. However, the current pavement structure design method needs transforming from static model to dynamic load model.

  2. Thermal Stresses of Asphalt Pavement with Material Property Dependent on Temperature%考虑材料特性随温度变化时沥青路面的温度应力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿立涛; 钟阳; 乔娜

    2009-01-01

    把沥青路面视为层状弹性体系,并将材料特性作为随温度变化的参数,推导了沥青路面温度应力问题的理论解.首先,利用热弹性理论来描述层状弹性体系的温度应力问题,同时考虑了材料特性的随温度变化.其次,通过对热弹性力学的平衡方程进行Laplace和Hankel积分变换得到了单一层问题的解,再利用传递矩阵法得到了多层弹性体系温度应力问题的理论解.最后,将该理论解用于沥青路面温度应力问题的计算,并与材料特性取常数的情况进行了对比.结果表明随温度变化的材料特性对沥青路面的温度应力有显著的影响.%Regarded asphalt pavement as a multilayer elastic system and material property as the parameter changing with temperature respectively, the analytical solutions for thermal stresses of asphalt pavement were derived.First, thermo-elastic theory was used to describe thermal stresses of multi-layered elastic system, while the temperature-dependent material property was considered.Then, the solution for single layer was obtained by using Laplace transformation and Hankel transformation respectively by using thermo-elastic equations of equilibrium.In addition, the transfer matrix method was applied to derive the theoretical solution of thermal stress for multilayer elastic system.Finally, the theoretical solution was applied to calculate thermal stresses in asphalt pavement, and the thermal stress was compared with the case that the material property is supposed to be constant.The result shows the remarkable impact of temperature-dependent material property on thermal stresses of asphalt pavement.

  3. Impact of interlayer condition on mechanical response of asphalt pavement%层间接触条件对沥青路面力学响应的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳红; 王晓帆

    2012-01-01

    中国现行沥青路面设计以路表弯沉、沥青层底及半刚性层底拉应力为设计指标,层间条件假定完全连续。实践中路面分层修筑,层间不完全连续,对路面结构受力状态影响甚大。以京津塘高速公路改扩建工程为依托,假定层间完全连续与层间不完全连续2种状态,以壳牌计算软件Bisar 3.0和数值软件Matlab 7.0分析了3类常见沥青路面在2种层间接触条件下的三维力学响应分布及最不利受荷点。结果表明:层间结合不连续导致结构内应力、应变骤增;各类路面在不同层间状态下出现最大应力及应变的位置不同;2种层间条件下复合式路面的响应均居于柔性与半刚性路面之间;路面结构设计时,应在现行规范的基础上,对层间不完全连续状态下指定点位处的力学指标进行验算,为路面在运营期内的可靠度分析提供依据。%The current asphalt pavement designing standards in China adopt deflection on the surface of road,flexural stress on the bottom of asphalt layer and flexural stress on the bottom of semi-rigid layer as the main designing indexes with the interlayer binding condition assumed to be totally continuous.Actually,the pavement structural layers are built respectively and the interlayer condition is incompletely continuous,which affects the mechanical response of pavement structure greatly.With Beijing-Tianjing-Tangshan expressway upgrading project as an example and two types of interlayer conditions considered,Bisar3.0 under shell design system and numerical software Matlab 7.0 were used to describe the 3-D mechanical responses and determine the maximum stress point on three kinds of common asphalt pavement.The results show that stress and strain of the structure greatly increase under discontinuous interlayer condition.The sites of maximum stress and strain are different under the two types of interlayer condition of the three kinds of pavement.The mechanical

  4. Evaluation of Precast Portland Cement Concrete Panels for Airfield Pavement Repairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    space for thermal expansion of the parent PCC and panels. Dowels that are too small or weak grout around the dowels could also cause high stress...resulting from either settlement of the pavement from a weak foundation or significant abrupt surface deterioration. Elevation changes in excess of 3...face is calculated using the equation tP zM 0 2 . (E.14) To calculate the deflection at the face of the joint (x=0) where the maxi - mum

  5. Modelling of pavement materials on steel decks using the five-point bending test: Thermo mechanical evolution and fatigue damage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnaud, L.; Houel, A.

    2010-06-01

    This paper deals with the modelling of wearing courses on steel orthotropic decks such as the Millau viaduct in France. This is of great importance when dealing with durability: due to the softness of such a support, the pavement is subjected to considerable strains that may generate top-down cracks in the layer at right angles of the orthotropic plate stiffeners and shear cracks at the interface between pavement and steel. Therefore, a five-point bending fatigue test was developed and improved since 2003 at the ENTPE laboratory, to test different asphalt concrete mixes. This study aims at modelling the mechanical behavior of the wearing course throughout the fatigue test by a finite element method (Comsol Multiphysics software). Each material - steel, sealing sheet, asphalt concrete layer - is considered and modelled. The modelling of asphalt concrete is complex since it is a heterogeneous material, a viscoelastic medium and it thermosensitive. The actual characteristics of the asphalt concrete (thermo physical parameter and viscoelastic complex modulus) are determined experimentally on cylindrical cores. Moreover, a damage law based on Miner's damage is included in the model. The modelling of the fatigue test leads to encouraging results. Finally, results from the model are compared to the experimental data obtained from the five-point bending fatigue test device. The experimental data are very consistent with the numerical simulation.

  6. Deformation behavior and load limits of asphaltic concrete under the conditions of cores in embankment dams; Deformationsverhalten und Belastungsgrenzen des Asphaltbetons unter den Bedingungen von Staudammkerndichtungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mueller, U.

    1998-12-31

    Based on the analysis of existing dams with asphaltic diaphragm and investigations in the three-phase-system of asphaltic concrete a recipe for the composition of asphaltic cores is recommended. For the construction, rest and operating period of an embankment dam the load and the reaction of the asphaltic concrete cores as well as the appearing stress and deformations are described. Extensive material testings have been performed and at 41 asphaltic concrete specimens triaxial stress controlled pressure and creeping tests have been carried out. The evaluation of the triaxial tests led to proportions of the main stress and deformation limits as criteria of breaking. Under application of the standard equation for nonlinear viscoelastic element-laws a rheonom element formulation was developed from the experiment data and transformed into its differential form. With this approach the stress and deformation behavior of watertight asphaltic diaphragm can be precalculated for a period up to 10 years. The applicability of this approach, which can be also used within FE-calculations as well, is illustrated in four examples. (orig.) [Deutsch] Nach der Analyse bestehender Staudaemme mit Asphaltbetonkerndichtung und Untersuchungen zum Dreiphasensystem Asphaltbeton wird eine Rezepturempfehlung fuer den Asphaltkerndichtungsbau aufgestellt. Fuer die Bau-, Ruhe- und Betriebsphase eines Staudammes werden die Beanspruchungen und Reaktionen der Asphaltbetonkerndichtung sowie die auftretenden Spannungen und Verformungen beschrieben. Nach umfangreichen Materialpruefungen sind an 41 Asphaltbetonpruefkoerpern triaxiale spannungsgesteuerte Druck-Kriechversuche durchgefuehrt worden. Die Auswertung der Triaxialversuche ergab ein Grenzhauptspannungsverhaeltnis und Deformationsgrenzen als Bruchkriterien. Unter Verwendung der Standarformulierung fuer nichtlineare viskoelastische Stoffgesetze wurde aus den Versuchsdaten ein rheonomer Stoffansatz entwickelt und in seine differentielle Form

  7. On the combined effect of moisture diffusion and cyclic pore pressure generation in asphalt concrete

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Varveri, A.; Scarpas, A.; Collop, A.; Erkens, S.M.J.G.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, a new moisture conditioning protocol which attempts to distinguish the contributions of long- and short-term moisture damage, i.e. moisture diffusion and cyclic pore pressure generation, in asphalt mixtures is presented. The capability of the proposed protocol to rank various aspha

  8. Photoactive roadways: Determination of CO, NO and VOC uptake coefficients and photolabile side product yields on TiO2 treated asphalt and concrete

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toro, C.; Jobson, B. T.; Haselbach, L.; Shen, S.; Chung, S. H.

    2016-08-01

    This work reports uptake coefficients and by-product yields of ozone precursors onto two photocatalytic paving materials (asphalt and concrete) treated with a commercial TiO2 surface application product. The experimental approach used a continuously stirred tank reactor (CSTR) and allowed for testing large samples with the same surface morphology encountered with real urban surfaces. The measured uptake coefficient (γgeo) and surface resistances are useful for parametrizing dry deposition velocities in air quality model evaluation of the impact of photoactive surfaces on urban air chemistry. At 46% relative humidity, the surface resistance to NO uptake was ∼1 s cm-1 for concrete and ∼2 s cm-1 for a freshly coated older roadway asphalt sample. HONO and NO2 were detected as side products from NO uptake to asphalt, with NO2 molar yields on the order of 20% and HONO molar yields ranging between 14 and 33%. For concrete samples, the NO2 molar yields increased with the increase of water vapor, ranging from 1% to 35% and HONO was not detected as a by-product. Uptake of monoaromatic VOCs to the asphalt sample set displayed a dependence on the compound vapor pressure, and was influenced by competitive adsorption from less volatile VOCs. Formaldehyde and acetaldehyde were detected as byproducts, with molar yields ranging from 5 to 32%.

  9. Discussion on paving construction technology of asphalt concrete core wall:with construction of Ethiopia asphalt concrete core wall as an example%沥青混凝土心墙铺筑施工技术探讨--以埃塞沥青混凝土心墙施工为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢盛

    2015-01-01

    本文结合 Wolkite 沥青混凝土心墙项目,全程系统地探讨了沥青混凝土心墙施工技术,意在为同类型情况下心墙施工提供参考实例。%Wolkite asphalt concrete core wall project is combined for systematically discussing the construction technology of asphalt concrete core wall in the whole process.Reference example is provided for core wall construction under the same type conditions.

  10. Structural and Thermal Analysis of Asphalt Solar Collector Using Finite Element Method

    OpenAIRE

    Jinshah Basheer Sheeba; Ajith Krishnan Rohini

    2014-01-01

    The collection of solar energy using asphalt pavements has got a wide importance in the present energy scenario. Asphalt pavements subjected to solar radiation can reach temperature up to 70°C because of their excellent heat absorbing property. Many working parameters, such as pipe diameter, pipe spacing, pipe depth, pipe arrangement, and flow rate, influence the performance of asphalt solar collector. Existing literature on thermal energy extraction from asphalt pavements is based on the sma...

  11. Introduction to Preventive Maintenance of Asphalt Pavement%浅谈沥青路面预防性养护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王磊

    2014-01-01

    With the rapid development of social economy, ur-ban traf ic brings more and more high requirement of muni-cipal road use performance. Therefore, road maintenance is a key link in the process of protection of the road normal use. In recent years, the road’s preventive maintenance has become a key road maintenance work. The importance of preventive maintenance is mainly introduced in this paper, and it puts forward the common technical measures of pavement main-tenance. The paper offers a reference to reader.%随着社会经济的快速发展,城市交通对市政道路使用性能的要求也越来越高。因此,道路养护是保障道路正常使用的关键环节。近几年,道路预养护已成为道路养护工作的关键。本文主要介绍了道路预防性养护的重要性,并提出了常用路面预养护的技术措施,以供读者参考。

  12. Dynamic Response Characteristics of Asphalt Pavement Under Multi-axle Moving Load%多轴移动荷载下沥青路面的动态响应特性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴建中; 吴浩; 陈勇; 王秉纲

    2011-01-01

    In order to analyze dynamic response characteristics of asphalt pavement under muhi axle moving load,a three-dimensional finite element model of asphalt pavement was established by field investigation. The influences of axle load with uniform distribution of single rear axle, dual rear axles and three rear axles and the axle load with non-uniform distribution of three rear axles and the three rear axles vehicles with impending front axle on pavement were studied respectively. Results show that the effect of each axle on pavement is independent when the wheelbase of multi axle vehicle is bigger than 3 m. Increase of number of axle makes the vertical displacement of pavement superpose and makes the maximal shear stress and compressive stress of pavement change inconspicuously. The influence of the middle axle of three rear axles vehicle on the vertical displacement of pavement is the greatest which increases by 23. 7% and 18. 2% compared with those of the front axle and rear axle respectively. Besides, the middle axle and rear axle has certain influence on the shear stress of pavement, but each axle has ahnost no influence on the maximal compressive stress of pavement. The research results indicate that the non uniform distribution of axle load of multi axle vehicle has significant influence on pavement faliure.%为分析多轴移动荷载下沥青路面的动态响应特性,通过现场调查建立了不同轴型作用下沥青路面的三维有限元模型,分别研究了单后轴、双后轴及三后轴轴载均匀分布、三后轴车轴载不均匀分布及三后轴车前轴悬空条件下对路面的影响。结果表明:多轴车轴距大于3m时,各轴对路面的作用相互独立,轴数的增加对路面竖向位移产生叠加作用,对路表最大剪应力及压应力影响不明显;三后轴车中轴对路面竖向位移作用最大,较前轴及后轴分别增大23.7%和18.2%,中轴及后轴对路表剪应力有一定影响,

  13. 磷渣微粉基隧道沥青路面阻燃剂的制备及其性能试验%Preparation and performance test phosphorus slag powder base tunnel asphalt pavement retardants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱国平; 王坤; 郑卫芳

    2016-01-01

    针对隧道沥青路面防火安全问题,配制了6种磷渣微粉基材阻燃剂 A~F。通过 DSC 试验评价了各阻燃剂阻燃性能,选出了最优阻燃剂;对掺入不同掺量的阻燃改性沥青进行路用性能试验和极限氧指数试验,分析了阻燃剂最佳掺量和阻燃效果;采用锥形热试验对阻燃沥青混合料进行阻燃性能研究。试验结果表明,阻燃剂 D,F 有明显的两个吸热峰;阻燃剂 D 和 F 的加入使沥青的氧指数得到显著的提高;不同掺量阻燃剂 D,F 的加入,能够满足沥青路用性能的要求,阻燃剂的最佳掺量为8%;与非阻燃改性沥青混合料相比,阻燃改性沥青的引燃时间变长,热释放速率减缓,总释热量全过程低于非阻燃沥青混合料。阻燃剂 D,F 的加入对沥青及沥青混合料的阻燃效果明显,且阻燃剂 D 阻燃效果最优。%Six kinds of phosphorus slag powder-based flame retardants were prepared in or-der to solve fire-proof safety problem of tunnel asphalt pavement A-F.The combustion prop-erties of flame retardants were evaluated by DSC experiment and the optimal flame retard-ants were selected.The pavement performance and limiting oxygen index of flame-retardant modified asphalt with different amounts of retardants were tested,then the optimum a-mount of flame retardants and flame retardancy were analyzed.The Cone thermal test was conducted to study the flame retardant properties of flame retardant asphalt mixture.the re-sults show that flame D,F two endothermic peaks are obvious.With the addition of flame retardant D and F,the oxygen index of asphalt was significantly improved.Different dosage of the addition of flame retardant D,F can meet the requirements of the pavement perform-ance.The optimum amount of flame retardant is 8%.Compared with the nonflame-retardant asphalt mixture,the retardancy of flame-retardant modified asphalt mixture is better:its ig-nition time is longer,heat release rate is slower and the

  14. Mechanical properties of full-depth cold regenerated base mixture from old asphalt pavement%旧沥青路面全深式冷再生基层材料力学性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴文飞; 何锐; 陈华鑫; 武书华

    2016-01-01

    为研究应用旧沥青路面材料冷再生基层的混合料力学性能,回收原沥青路面面层旧料和基层旧料,制备沥青路面全深式冷再生基层材料,结合现场沥青面层及铣刨深度测试冷再生材料级配,测试冷再生基层材料的7 d无侧限抗压强度、90 d劈裂强度和90 d回弹模量,并观察其SEM微观形貌图。结果表明:水泥用量较少时7 d无侧限抗压强度、90 d劈裂强度和90 d回弹模量均随水泥剂量的增加快速增长,但是增长趋势逐渐变缓;较少的沥青旧料对再生基层力学性能是有利的,但是过多的沥青旧料则会产生较大的负面影响;当面层旧料的油石比较小时,水泥水化物取向结晶能刺破沥青膜层,直接与裹附在沥青内部的集料接触,形成较强的界面,这样能有效缓解沥青对强度的负面影响。进而建议低等级公路的中、轻型交通等级水泥剂量在5%~7%,其他类型公路则在提高水泥剂量的同时需要改善旧料级配;油石比小的旧沥青路面改造更适合推行全深式冷再生基层技术。%In order to analyze the mechanical properties of cold regenerated base mixture from old asphalt pavement, the old material of original asphalt pavement and base was recycled to prepare the full depth base mixture. Combined with on-site asphalt surface layer and milling depth, the grada-tion of cold regenerated base mixture was analyzed. The 7 d unconfined compressive strength, 90 d splitting strength and 90 d modulus of resilience of the mixture were tested, and the SEM morphology of the mixture was observed. The results show that, when less amount of cement content was used, the 7 d unconfined compressive strength, 90 d splitting strength and 90 d resilient modulus of the mixture increase rapidly with the growth of the cement dosage, while the growth is becoming slowly;that it would benefit the mechanical properties of reclaimed base if a small quantity

  15. Preparation and characterization of epoxy asphalt binder for pavement of steel deck bridge%钢箱梁桥铺装用环氧沥青材料制备和表征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈志明; 亢阳; 闵召辉; 黄卫

    2006-01-01

    制备两组分的热固性环氧沥青,其中一个组分是顺酐化沥青、环氧树脂的固化剂和促进剂,另外一个组分是环氧树脂.分别使用Brookfild粘度计、拉伸实验和MTS研究了沥青的铺装适用性和混凝土性能.结果表明:尽管加入的顺酐仅有50%~60%与基础沥青发生了反应,但是与未对沥青进行顺酐化比较,其固化速率、断裂延伸率和抗拉强度等都有显著的提高.4%顺酐改性的沥青和固化剂结合与环氧树脂固化后具有平均断裂延伸率281.9%,平均强度2.63 MPa,固化混凝土的Marshell稳定度37.0 kN,未固化混凝土的Marshell稳定度10.2 kN,耐疲劳实验1 200万次试件无破坏.%A kind of thermosetting asphalt binder designated as epoxy asphalt, which is composed of two components: maleated asphalt with curing agents and accelerant of epoxy resin and epoxy resin, was prepared.Its paving feasibility and concrete performances were investigated using Brookfield viscosimeter, direct tensile test (DTT), Marshall testing and the MTS 810 hydraulic servos-system, respectively. Although only 50% to 60% of added maleic anhydride (MAH) reacted with the base asphalt irreversibly (probably by Diels-Alder mechanism), the curing rate, rupture elongation and tensile strength of maleated epoxy asphalt were enhanced more evidently than those of unmaleated epoxy asphalt. As a result, an epoxy asphalt made from 4% MAH modified asphalt and other curing agents was featured to have an average rupture elongation of 281.9%, an average tensile strength of 2. 63 MPa, and the Marshall stability of its cured concrete reached 37.0 kN, while that of uncured concrete was 10. 2 kN and the combined beam of fatigue test was still found to behave well after 12 × 106 cycles load.

  16. 高速公路沥青路面基层冷再生技术研究%Research on the Cold Recycling Technology of Asphalt Pavement of Highway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    解朝森; 周杰

    2014-01-01

    本文以冷再生技术在高速公路沥青路面中的技术优势为切入点,简单介绍了其冷再生混合料的强度机理,重点对冷再生技术的稳定剂选择优缺点进行了分析,最后简介了一般高速公路沥青路面基层冷再生技术的施工步骤。%This paper took the advantages of the cold regene-ration technology in the asphalt pavement of highway as the breakthrough point, introducing the strength mechanism of co-ld recycling mixture and analyzing the disadvantages and adv-antages of the stabilizers selection of the cold regeneration technology, Final y, the author introduced the construction pr-ocedure of cold recycling technology in the general asphalt pavement of expressway.

  17. Investigation of Using Waste Welded Tuff Material as Mineral Filler in Asphalt Concrete

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebnem KARAHANCER

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the welded tuff waste- known as koyke in Isparta region - was used in the hot mix asphalt (HMA as mineral filler for reduction of the moisture susceptibility of HMA. Optimum binder content was assessed with Marshall Design Method. First of all, welded tuff was substituted as filler with limestone filler in proportion of 50% and 100%. After that Marshall Stability test was performed on specimens. The results showed that the 50% substitution was more effective than the 100% substitution. Therefore, welded tuff was substituted with limestone filler in proportion of 25%, 50%, 65% and 75%. Next, Indirect Tensile Strength test was practiced on the fabricated specimens and the results were assessed. According to the Indirect Tensile Strength results, welded tuff with 65% was given higher strength than the limestone filler. As a result, it has come up that welded tuff can be used as mineral filler in the hot mix asphalt.

  18. 单双圆荷载作用下沥青路面受力特性对比研究%Comparative Study of Asphalt Pavement Force Under Single and Double-round Loads

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑元勋; 蔡迎春; 张亚敏

    2012-01-01

    To study the similarities and differences of force and deformation of asphalt pavement under single round and two round loads, and to verify the effectiveness of using single round uniformly distributed load equivalent two-round uniformly distributed load. Firstly, the deflection and stress of asphalt pavement under two-round uniform distributed load were studied, and then the comparative stress analysis of asphalt pavement under single round and two round loads based on elastic layer theory and numerical simulation study by dynamic loading of double-and single-round were carried out. The results show that: both in the static and dynamic load mode, except some differences existing in the road surface, with the increase in the depth of the pavement structure, deflection and stress trends and size are consistent for single round and two round loads, which means that with a single round uniformly distributed load equivalent to two-round to design and testing is feasible and effective.%为研究沥青路面在单圆和双圆荷载作用下的受力及变形的异同,验证用单元均布荷载等效双圆均布荷载的有效性.首先分析了双圆均布荷载下沥青路面弯沉及受力性能变化情况,然后分别进行了弹性层状理论下单圆和双圆作用下沥青路面受力性能对比研究及单圆和双圆动力加载作用下沥青路面力学性能对比数值模拟研究.结果表明:在动、静加载模式下,沥青路面在单、双圆均布荷载作用下的弯沉及应力除在路表处存在一定的差异外,随路面结构深度的增加,弯沉及应力变化趋势和大小均趋于一致,表明用单圆均布荷载等效双圆均布荷载进行设计及相关检测是可行有效的.

  19. 2D and 3D Ground Penetrating Radar monitoring of a reinforced concrete asphalt plate affected by mechanical deformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bavusi, M.; Dumoulin, J.; Loperte, A.; Rizzo, E.; Soldovieri, F.

    2012-04-01

    The main facility of Hydrogeosite Laboratory of the Italian National Research Council (Marsico Nuovo, CNR) is a 3m x 7m x 10m reinforced concrete pool filled by siliceous sand designed for hydrologic experiments. One of its peculiarities is the possibility to vary the water table depth by using a proper hydraulic system [1]. In the framework of the FP7 ISTIMES project (Integrated System for Transport Infrastructure surveillance and Monitoring by Electromagnetic Sensing), a 3m x 3m layered structure has been purposely built and placed in the pool of the Hydrogeosite Laboratory with the aim to carry out a long term monitoring, by using jointly several electromagnetic sensing technologies, during two different phases simulating the rising of the water table and a mechanical solicitation. Several layers composed the structure from the top to the bottom, such as: 5 cm of asphalt; 5-10 cm of reinforced concrete; 20-25 cm of conglomerate, 55 cm of sand. Moreover, in the sand layer, three (metallic and plastic) pipes of different size were buried to simulate utilities. Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) surveys were performed by using a the GSSI SIR 3000 system equipped with 400 MHz and 1500 MHz central frequency antennas. Surveys carried out by means of 400 MHz antenna allowed to detect and localize the three pipes (one in plastic and two in metal) and to investigate the effects of the sand water content on their radar signature. Surveys carried out by using 1500 MHz antenna were focused to characterize the shallower layers of the structure. The Hydrogeosite experiment consisted in following stages: • Arising of a water table by infiltration from the bottom; • Water gravity infiltration condescendingly; • Infiltration by peristaltic pump in the very shallow layers of the structure; • Water table drawdown; • Mechanical structure deformation; • Asphalt plate restoration after mechanical solicitation. After each stage a series of GPR surveys was performed. Moreover

  20. 机场水泥混凝土道面施工质量控制技术%Quality Control Technology for Airport Cement Concrete Pavement Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董军; 贡文献

    2011-01-01

    针对机场水泥混凝土道面施工中容易出现掉边掉角、表面网状或环状裂纹、板体断裂和蜂窝麻面等质量通病,根据大面积混凝土铺筑施工的特点和环境因素,综合分析其质量通病产生的原因,并提出相应的施工控制措施,在实践中取得了明显效果,可供水泥混凝土道面施工参考.%For the common quality defects on airport cement concrete pavement such as side or corner peeling,surface pattern crack or annular crack, slab fracture, and voids and pits, according to the characteristics of large area concrete pavement construction and environmental factors, the causes of these quality defects are analyzed and the corresponding control measures are put forward, which have achieved significant effect in practical engineering. These measures can be reference for cement concrete pavement construction.

  1. Research on construction technology for orthotropic steel deck pavement of Haihe River Chunyi Bridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Y. C.; Qian, Z. D.; Zhang, M.

    2017-01-01

    In order to ensure the good service quality of orthotropic steel deck pavement of Haihe River Chunyi Bridge in Tianjin, and to reduce the occurrence of pavement diseases like lateral and longitudinal cracks, the key working procedures such as steel deck cleaning, anticorrosive coating, bonding layer spraying, seam cutting, epoxy asphalt concrete’s mixing, transportation, paving and compaction were studied. The study was based on the main features of epoxy asphalt concrete which is the pavement materials of Haihe River Chunyi Bridge, and combined with the basic characteristics and construction conditions of Haihe River Chunyi Bridge. Furthermore, some processing measures like controlling time and temperature, continuous paving with two pavers, lateral feeding, and improving the compaction method were proposed. The project example shows that the processing measures can effectively solve the technical difficulties in the construction of orthotropic steel deck pavement of Haihe River Chunyi Bridge, can greatly improve the construction speed and quality, and can provide reference for the same kinds of orthotropic steel deck pavement construction.

  2. Uniaxial impact compressive characteristics of permeable asphalt concrete%透水沥青混凝土单轴冲击压缩特性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴金荣; 马芹永

    2015-01-01

    In order to investigate the dynamic characteristics of permeable asphalt concrete,a 74mm steel split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB)apparatus was used to conduct uniaxial impact compressive test with various strain rates for permeable asphalt concretes with polyester fiber content of 0 and 0.3%.The test results showed that there is a significant strain rate effect on permeable asphalt concrete and the specimen compression ratio increases with increase in strain rate;the specimen compression ratio of the permeable asphalt concrete with polyester fiber is about 1.2 times as large as that of the concrete without polyester fiber;the dynamic stress-strain curve of permeable asphalt concrete includes 3 stages of elastic deformation stage,plastic deformation one and failure one;observing the failure mode of permeable asphalt concrete,the aggregate fracture is considered as the main reason for permeable asphalt concrete failure;polyester fiber in permeable asphalt concrete can delay cracks appearing and spreading and improve dynamic compressive strength, the largest strength increase can reach 45.1%.%为研究透水沥青混凝土的动态力学特性,采用φ74 mm钢质分离式霍普金森压杆装置对不掺纤维和掺0.3%聚酯纤维的透水沥青混凝土进行了不同应变率的单轴冲击压缩试验。研究表明,透水沥青混凝土具有明显的应变率效应,试件压缩率随着应变率的增大而提高,掺聚酯纤维透水沥青混凝土的压缩率是不掺纤维的1.2倍左右;透水沥青混凝土的动态应力-应变曲线可分为弹性变形阶段、塑性变形阶段和破坏阶段。从试件的破坏形态可以看出,集料的断裂是透水沥青混凝土破坏的主要原因。在透水沥青混凝土中掺加聚酯纤维能够延缓裂缝的出现和开展,提高材料的冲击抗压强度,增幅最大为45.1%。

  3. Mechanics based model for predicting structure-induced rolling resistance (SRR) of the tire-pavement system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shakiba, Maryam; Ozer, Hasan; Ziyadi, Mojtaba; Al-Qadi, Imad L.

    2016-11-01

    The structure-induced rolling resistance of pavements, and its impact on vehicle fuel consumption, is investigated in this study. The structural response of pavement causes additional rolling resistance and fuel consumption of vehicles through deformation of pavement and various dissipation mechanisms associated with inelastic material properties and damping. Accurate and computationally efficient models are required to capture these mechanisms and obtain realistic estimates of changes in vehicle fuel consumption. Two mechanistic-based approaches are currently used to calculate vehicle fuel consumption as related to structural rolling resistance: dissipation-induced and deflection-induced methods. The deflection-induced approach is adopted in this study, and realistic representation of pavement-vehicle interactions (PVIs) is incorporated. In addition to considering viscoelastic behavior of asphalt concrete layers, the realistic representation of PVIs in this study includes non-uniform three-dimensional tire contact stresses and dynamic analysis in pavement simulations. The effects of analysis type, tire contact stresses, pavement viscoelastic properties, pavement damping coefficients, vehicle speed, and pavement temperature are then investigated.

  4. 添加磷酸对沥青混凝土性能影响%Effect of Phosphoric Acid on Performance of Asphalt Concrete

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董苋伯; 吴进良

    2012-01-01

    以AC-20为基底沥青,磷酸作为改质剂,研究添加磷酸对沥青胶浆性质的影响,并以磷酸改质沥青作为马歇尔试体,研究添加磷酸对沥青混凝土性能的影响。经过试验,添加磷酸确实有效增加沥青胶浆的劲度,也会加速沥青胶浆的老化;增加混凝土承载力、抵抗车辙变形能力、抗张强度和耐磨损能力。添加磷酸也会降低沥青混凝土抗水侵害能力,磷酸的添加量越多,沥青混凝土水害的情形越严重,根据试验结果,建议磷酸可以添加到2%。%This study used AC-20 as the basis asphalt and phosphoric acid was used as a modifier to evaluate effect of phosphoric acid on the properties of asphalt, marshall samples were fabricated with phosphoric acid modified asphalt to study effect of phosphoric acid on the performance of asphalt concerte. According to result of tests, adding the phosphoric acid would increase asphalt stiffness, but would accelerate the as- phalt aging. Because adding the phosphoric acid would increase asphalt stiffness, the resistance of rutting, tensile strength and the resistance of wearing of asphalt concrete were all improve. But the resistance to moisture damage was reduced. Results of the tests, showed that phosphoric acid could be added about 2%.

  5. Preliminary evaluation of the lifecycle costs and market barriers of reflective pavements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ting, M.; Koomey, J.G.; Pomerantz, M.

    2001-11-21

    The objective of this study is to evaluate the life cycle costs and market barriers associated with using reflective paving materials in streets and parking lots as a way to reduce the urban heat island effect. We calculated and compared the life cycle costs of conventional asphalt concrete (AC) pavements to those of other existing pavement technologies with higher reflectivity-portland cement concrete (PCC), porous pavements, resin pavements, AC pavements using light-colored chip seals, and AC pavements using light-colored asphalt emulsion additives. We found that for streets and parking lots, PCC can provide a cost-effective alternative to conventional AC when severely damaged pavements must be completely reconstructed. We also found that rehabilitating damaged AC streets and intersections with thin overlays of PCC (ultra-thin white topping) can often provide a cost-effective alternative to standard rehabilitation techniques using conventional AC. Chip sealing is a common maintenance treatment for low-volume streets which, when applied using light-colored chips, could provide a reflective pavement surface. If the incremental cost of using light-colored chips is low, this chip sealing method could also be cost-effective, but the incremental costs of light-colored chips are as of yet uncertain and expected to vary. Porous pavements were found to have higher life cycle costs than conventional AC in parking lots, but several cost-saving features of porous pavements fell outside the boundaries of this study. Resin pavements were found to be only slightly more expensive than conventional AC, but the uncertainties in the cost and performance data were large. The use of light-colored additives in asphalt emulsion seal coats for parking lot pavements was found to be significantly more expensive than conventional AC, reflecting its current niche market of decorative applications. We also proposed two additional approaches to increasing the reflectivity of conventional AC

  6. Characterization of hot-mix asphalt concrete containing municipal solid waste incinerator ash using the dynamic modulus (E) test

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hassan, H.F. [Sultan Qaboos Univ., Muscat (Oman). College of Engineering

    2007-07-01

    In 2001, approximately 229 million tons of municipal solid waste (MSW) were produced in the United States. MSW consists of items such as paper, grass clippings, furniture, clothing, bottles, food scraps, appliances, paint, and batteries. MSW incinerator ash is the by-product produced during the combustion of municipal solid waste in combustor facilities and has two components, namely bottom ash and fly ash. To reduce the disposal problem, the incinerators are used to reduce the volume and weight of MSW. This is usually a self-sustained process using the waste as a fuel resulting in as much as a 90 and 75 per cent reduction in volume and weight, respectively. This paper presented the results of a study that investigated the use of incinerator ash as a partial replacement of fine aggregate in hot-mix asphalt concrete. MSW incinerator ash was collected from an incinerator facility at Sultan Qaboos University in Oman and a physical and chemical characterization of the ash was conducted. MSW ash was used in the mixture to replace fine aggregate with a percentage ranging from 0 to 40 per cent, by total aggregate weight. The mixes were designed using the Marshall mix design method and the dynamic modulus test was conducted on samples prepared at optimum asphalt contents for mixes containing different percentage of ash and at different temperatures and frequencies. Master curves for different percentages of ash in the mix were developed from the testing results. It was found that the Marshall mix design results for the mixes containing MSW ash indicated a decrease in stability, and specific gravity, and an increase in air voids. 18 refs., 10 figs.

  7. Effects of cross-anisotropy and stress-dependency of pavement layers on pavement responses under dynamic truck loading

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafiqul A. Tarefder

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Previous studies by the authors have determined pavement responses under dynamic loading considering cross-anisotropy in one layer only, either the cross-anisotropic viscoelastic asphalt concrete (AC layer or the cross-anisotropic stress-dependent base layer, but not both. This study evaluates pavement stress–strain responses considering cross-anisotropy in all layers, i.e. AC, base and subbase, using finite element modeling (FEM technique. An instrumented pavement section on Interstate I-40 near Albuquerque, New Mexico was used in ABAQUS framework as model geometry. Field asphalt cores were collected and tested in the laboratory to determine the cross-anisotropy (n-values defined by horizontal to vertical modulus ratio, and other viscoelastic parameters as inputs of the model incorporated through user defined material interface (UMAT functionality in ABAQUS. Field base and subbase materials were also collected and tested in the laboratory to determine stress-dependent nonlinear elastic model parameters, as inputs of the model, again incorporated through UMAT. The model validation task was carried out using field-measured deflections and strain values under falling weight deflectometer (FWD loads at the instrumented section. The validated model was then subjected to an actual truck loading for studying cross-anisotropic effects. It was observed that horizontal tensile strain at the bottom of the AC layer and vertical strains in all layers decreased with an increase in n-value of the asphalt layer, from n < 1 (anisotropy to n=1 (isotropy. This indicates that the increase in horizontal modulus caused the decrease in layer strains. It was also observed that if the base and subbase layers were considered stress-dependent instead of linear elastic unbound layers, the horizontal tensile strain at the bottom of the asphalt layer increased and vertical strains on top of the base and subbase also increased.

  8. Effects of cross-anisotropy and stress-dependency of pavement layers on pavement responses under dynamic truck loading

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rafiqul A. Tarefder; Mesbah U. Ahmed; Asifur Rahman

    2016-01-01

    Previous studies by the authors have determined pavement responses under dynamic loading consid-ering cross-anisotropy in one layer only, either the cross-anisotropic viscoelastic asphalt concrete (AC) layer or the cross-anisotropic stress-dependent base layer, but not both. This study evaluates pavement stressestrain responses considering cross-anisotropy in all layers, i.e. AC, base and subbase, using finite element modeling (FEM) technique. An instrumented pavement section on Interstate I-40 near Albu-querque, New Mexico was used in ABAQUS framework as model geometry. Field asphalt cores were collected and tested in the laboratory to determine the cross-anisotropy (n-values) defined by horizontal to vertical modulus ratio, and other viscoelastic parameters as inputs of the model incorporated through user defined material interface (UMAT) functionality in ABAQUS. Field base and subbase materials were also collected and tested in the laboratory to determine stress-dependent nonlinear elastic model pa-rameters, as inputs of the model, again incorporated through UMAT. The model validation task was carried out using field-measured deflections and strain values under falling weight deflectometer (FWD) loads at the instrumented section. The validated model was then subjected to an actual truck loading for studying cross-anisotropic effects. It was observed that horizontal tensile strain at the bottom of the AC layer and vertical strains in all layers decreased with an increase in n-value of the asphalt layer, from n<1 (anisotropy) to n ¼ 1 (isotropy). This indicates that the increase in horizontal modulus caused the decrease in layer strains. It was also observed that if the base and subbase layers were considered stress-dependent instead of linear elastic unbound layers, the horizontal tensile strain at the bottom of the asphalt layer increased and vertical strains on top of the base and subbase also increased.

  9. Examples of cooler reflective streets for urban heat-island mitigation : Portland cement concrete and chip seals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pomerantz, M.; Akbari, H.; Chang, S.-C.; Levinson, R.; Pon, B.

    2003-04-30

    Part of the urban heat island effect can be attributed to dark pavements that are commonly used on streets and parking lots. In this paper we consider two light colored, hence cooler, alternative paving materials that are in actual use in cities today. These are Portland cement concrete (PCC) pavements and chip seals. We report measurements of the albedos of some PCC and chip sealed pavements in the San Francisco Bay Area. The albedos of the PCC pavements ranged from about 0.18 to 0.35. The temperatures of some PCC pavements are also measured and calculated. We then consider how the albedos of the constituent materials of the PCC (stone, sand and cement) contribute to the albedos of the resulting finished concrete. The albedos of a set of chip sealed pavements in San Jose, CA, were measured and correlated with the times of their placement. It is found that the albedos decrease with age (and use) but remain higher than that of standard asphalt concrete (AC) for about five years. After t hat, the albedos of the chip seals are about 0.12, similar to aged AC. The fact that many PCC pavements have albedos at least twice as high as aged AC suggests that it is possible to have pavement albedos that remain high for many years.

  10. Maintenance measures for preservation and recovery of permeable pavement surface infiltration rate--The effects of street sweeping, vacuum cleaning, high pressure washing, and milling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winston, Ryan J; Al-Rubaei, Ahmed M; Blecken, Godecke T; Viklander, Maria; Hunt, William F

    2016-03-15

    The surface infiltration rates (SIR) of permeable pavements decline with time as sediment and debris clog pore spaces. Effective maintenance techniques are needed to ensure the hydraulic functionality and water quality benefits of this stormwater control. Eight different small-scale and full-scale maintenance techniques aimed at recovering pavement permeability were evaluated at ten different permeable pavement sites in the USA and Sweden. Maintenance techniques included manual removal of the upper 2 cm of fill material, mechanical street sweeping, regenerative-air street sweeping, vacuum street sweeping, hand-held vacuuming, high pressure washing, and milling of porous asphalt. The removal of the upper 2 cm of clogging material did not significantly improve the SIR of concrete grid paves (CGP) and permeable interlocking concrete pavers (PICP) due to the inclusion of fines in the joint and bedding stone during construction, suggesting routine maintenance cannot overcome improper construction. For porous asphalt maintenance, industrial hand-held vacuum cleaning, pressure washing, and milling were increasingly successful at recovering the SIR. Milling to a depth of 2.5 cm nearly restored the SIR for a 21-year old porous asphalt pavement to like-new conditions. For PICP, street sweepers employing suction were shown to be preferable to mechanical sweepers; additionally, maintenance efforts may become more intensive over time to maintain a threshold SIR, as maintenance was not 100% effective at removing clogging material.

  11. 纵坡弯道桥面沥青铺装结构剪应力分析%Shear Stress Analysis of Bridge Deck Asphalt Pavement for Longitudinal Slope Curve

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁文洋; 孔晨光; 于增义

    2014-01-01

    依据纵坡弯道车辆荷载作用特性,建立纵坡弯道桥面铺装结构三维有限元模型,分析车辆载重、行驶速度、弯道半径、纵坡坡度、沥青铺装层厚度与模量对水平剪应力的影响。结果表明:设计时避免最小半径极限值与纵坡坡度最大值同时出现,适当增大沥青铺装上层模量、铺装层总厚度、减小沥青铺装下层模量,并严格控制纵坡弯道上车速及车辆载重,可减少沥青铺装层发生推移病害的可能性。%Based on the properties of vehicle loads on longitudinal slope and curved sections, this paper establish-es the 3D finite element model for the bridge deck pavement, analyzing effects of the vehicle loads, running speed, the radius of curved sections, longitudinal slope degree, the thickness and modulus of asphalt layer on horizontal shear stress. Results show that in order to avoid the appearance of the minimum radius and the maximum longitudi-nal slope degree at the same time, it is advisable to increase modulus of upper asphalt layer and the total thickness of asphalt layer, decrease sub-layer modulus, and limit the vehicle speed and load at the curved sections so that translation diseases of asphalt layer can be reduced.

  12. Research on Rutting Resistance of Asphalt Pavement Structure%沥青路面结构抗车辙的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高立波

    2011-01-01

    结合对某高速公路路面车擞近十年的跟踪检测和试验,从新的角度认识路面结构因素对路面车辙的影响,提出了路面结构组合设计原则和联结层设计理念及结构抗车辙措施。%Combined with the almost ten years of tracing inspection and test about an expressway pavement rutting, the influence of pavement structure on pavement rutting is recognized from a new angle. The design principle of pavement structure of pavement combination, design concept of binder course and rutting resistance measures are proposed.

  13. WILLIAMS ELEMENT FOR REFLECTIVE CRACK PROPAGATION IN ASPHALT PAVEMENT ON SEMI-RIGID BASE COURSE%半刚性基层沥青路面反射裂缝扩展过程分析的Williams单元

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐华; 杨绿峰; 佘振平

    2013-01-01

    This paper presented a Williams element with generalized degrees of freedom (GDOFs) for stress intensity factor (SIF) analysis of reflective crack in asphalt pavement on semi-rigid base course by means of the layered linear elastic plane strain model and isoparametric element.The stiffness equation was developed for Williams element with GDOFs to yield directly the SIF at the reflective crack tip in the asphalt pavement,as the Williams element contains parameters related to the SIF.The SIF variation is investigated during the propagation of reflective cracking under symmetrical and partial load respectively.The influence of the material and geometrical parameters on the SIF was discussed in details.Numerical example shows that the Williams element has the advantage of simplicity as well as high accuracy.Results from the Williams element agree well with those by the traditional quarter-point element,therefore Williams element can be used for SIF evaluation at the reflective crack tip in the asphalt pavement on the semi-rigid base course.%该文对半刚性基层沥青路面结构采用弹性层状体系平面应变分析模型,利用改进的Williams级数,结合广义参数有限元法和常规等参元,建立了反射裂缝裂尖应力强度因子分析的广义参数Williams单元,并推导了Williams单元的刚度方程,据此研究了正对称荷载和偏载分别作用时,反射裂缝扩展过程中应力强度因子的变化规律;重点分析了偏载作用下路面结构层参数与应力强度因子之间的关系.Williams单元中含有与应力强度因子相关的参数,可以直接获得裂尖应力强度因子.算例分析表明:Williams单元与传统方法的计算结果吻合较好,且格式简单,计算精度高,适用于沥青路面反射裂缝扩展过程分析.

  14. 布敦岩沥青复合改性SMA-13混合料设计及性能%Mixture design and pavement performance for BRA compound modified asphalt mixture SMA-13

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    In order to improve the high-temperature anti-deformation capacity of SMA pavement,the Buton rock asphalt (BRA)is used as the modifier to conduct the experi-mental research on the mixture design and pavement performance of compound modified stone mastic asphalt mixture SMA-13 of BRA and SBS modified asphalt (abbrevd BSS-MA-13)with five kinds of BRA mixing amount.According to the contents of pure nat-ural asphalt and mineral in the BRA as well as the material composition of asphalt mix-ture,the calculation method of mixture ratio of BRA modified asphalt mixture is put forward to provide an analysis basis for its mixture design.The mixture design results show that the BRA can be replaced by a part of SBS modified asphalt,fine aggregate and mineral powder,but the pure natural asphalt in BRA should not be applied for e-quivalent replacement of SBS modified asphalt.The total optimum oil-stone ratio of BSSMA-13 increases slightly with the increase of BRA mixing amount,and it increases about 0.1%~0.3% in the range of BRA mixing amount 2%~5%.The pavement per-formance tests show that the incorporation of BRA can effectively improve the high-temperature stability,water stability,flexural tensile strength and bond behavior of BSSMA-13 with the favorable performances of anti-permeability and skid resistance, but it has a certain influence on the low-temperature anti-deformation capacity.Hereby, the suitable mixing amount of BRA is obtained as 3%~4%.Therefore,BRA is a kind of modifier with excellent performance,and its modified SMA-13 is suitable for the as-phalt pavement of heavy traffic road in the special road sections including bridge deck, tunnel,large longitudinal slope and bend,etc.,in southern China's rainy region.%为了提高SMA路面的高温抗变形能力,以布敦岩沥青(BRA)作为改性剂,对5种BRA掺量的BRA与SBS改性沥青复合改性沥青玛蹄脂碎石混合料SMA-13(简记为BSSMA-13)的配合比设计和路用性能进行了试验研究.根据BRA

  15. Producing Durable Continuously Reinforced Concrete Pavement using Glass-ceramic Coated Reinforcing Steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    Portland cement is manufactured by firing the clinker at 1400 C Enamel application produces no changes BUILDING STRONG® Treatment Average Peak...ceramic Coated Reinforcing Steel 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER... transition zone at the surface of the reinforcement steel is often the most permeable part of the concrete BUILDING STRONG® Schematic of Ceramic

  16. Porous pavement. Phase 1: Design and operational criteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diniz, E. V.

    1980-08-01

    Utilization concepts, benefits and disadvantages, as well as other characteristics of porous pavements are presented with emphasis on porous asphalt pavements, but the criteria and design approach are applicable to all other porous pavement types. Design considerations include siting problems, load bearing design and hydrologic design. The history of porous pavement development and previous experience with porous pavement by several designers, contractors and operators are described. A computer model for hydrologic performance evaluation of existing or proposed porous pavement systems is also examined. Load bearing design criteria are based on previous work conducted for porous asphalt pavements. Appendices include a sample set of specifications for porous asphalt construction and a list of soils and their permeability classes as prepared by the U.S. Soil Conservation Service.

  17. Application of Polyester Fiber Concrete in Steel Footbridge Pavement%聚酯纤维混凝土在钢制人行天桥铺装中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马淑霞; 李强

    2015-01-01

    Aiming at the steel footbridge, this paper discusses and summarizes the relevant issues in the application of fiber concrete in bridge pavement, and observes the pavement effect.%本文针对钢制人行天桥,讨论并总结了纤维混凝土在桥面铺装应用中的相关问题,跟踪观察了铺装效果。

  18. Knowledge Discovery and Pavement Performance: Intelligent Data Mining

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Miradi, M.

    2009-01-01

    The main goal of the study was to discover knowledge from data about asphalt road pavement problems to achieve a better understanding of the behavior of them and via this understanding improve pavement quality and enhance its lifespan. Four pavement problems were chosen to be investigated; raveling

  19. Nutrient infiltrate concentrations from three permeable pavement types.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Robert A; Borst, Michael

    2015-12-01

    While permeable pavement is increasingly being used to control stormwater runoff, field-based, side-by-side investigations on the effects different pavement types have on nutrient concentrations present in stormwater runoff are limited. In 2009, the U.S. EPA constructed a 0.4-ha parking lot in Edison, New Jersey, that incorporated permeable interlocking concrete pavement (PICP), pervious concrete (PC), and porous asphalt (PA). Each permeable pavement type has four, 54.9-m(2), lined sections that direct all infiltrate into 5.7-m(3) tanks enabling complete volume collection and sampling. This paper highlights the results from a 12-month period when samples were collected from 13 rainfall/runoff events and analyzed for nitrogen species, orthophosphate, and organic carbon. Differences in infiltrate concentrations among the three permeable pavement types were assessed and compared with concentrations in rainwater samples and impervious asphalt runoff samples, which were collected as controls. Contrary to expectations based on the literature, the PA infiltrate had significantly larger total nitrogen (TN) concentrations than runoff and infiltrate from the other two permeable pavement types, indicating that nitrogen leached from materials in the PA strata. There was no significant difference in TN concentration between runoff and infiltrate from either PICP or PC, but TN in runoff was significantly larger than in the rainwater, suggesting meaningful inter-event dry deposition. Similar to other permeable pavement studies, nitrate was the dominant nitrogen species in the infiltrate. The PA infiltrate had significantly larger nitrite and ammonia concentrations than PICP and PC, and this was presumably linked to unexpectedly high pH in the PA infiltrate that greatly exceeded the optimal pH range for nitrifying bacteria. Contrary to the nitrogen results, the PA infiltrate had significantly smaller orthophosphate concentrations than in rainwater, runoff, and infiltrate from PICP

  20. 基于常水头渗透试验的 PAC 排水和抗堵塞能力%Drain and anti-clogging ability of porous asphalt concrete based on constant head permeability experiment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宏畅; 葛辉; 周明刚

    2016-01-01

    In order to clarify the drain and clogging behaviors of porous asphalts pavement, permea-bility coefficients were tested by using asphalt mixture homemade permeability testing device to sim-ulate multi-cycle drainage clogging experiment of porous asphalt concrete ( PAC) , and the fine ag-gregate with certain gradation was chosen as a plugging agent.The influences of asphalt mixture de-sign parameters such as the porosity, the normal maximum sizes of the aggregate, grading on the drain ability and anti-clogging ability of PAC were researched.The experimental results indicate that the porosity has an obvious influence on PAC drain ability and anti-clogging ability.The normal maximum size of the aggregate has an obvious influence on PAC anti-clogging ability, but no obvi-ous influence on the drain ability.PAC with the coarser graduation has a better performance on drain ability and anti-clogging ability.Asphalt type changes a little on PAC ability of drain and anti-clog-ging ability.The location of blocking occurred is concentrated on the top 40 mm of PAC-13 speci-men, fine particles with sizes of about 0.15 to 2.36 mm are the key particle size causing the clog-ging in the PAC-13 specimen.%为研究多空隙沥青路面的排水堵塞行为特性,通过自制常水头渗透测试装置,模拟多空隙沥青混合料( PAC)的循环堵塞试验,选用具有一定级配的细集料作为堵塞剂,测试其渗透系数.研究空隙率、最大公称粒径、级配类型等变化对PAC的排水及抗堵塞能力的影响规律.结果表明:PAC空隙率越大,其排水能力越强,抗堵塞的能力也越强;PAC的最大粒径变化对其排水能力没有明显的影响,但最大公称粒径较大的PAC试件抗堵塞的效果更好;与细型级配相比,粗型级配PAC的排水及抗堵塞能力更强;多孔沥青混合料PAC-13发生堵塞的位置集中在试件最上部的40 mm内,粒径为0.15~2.36 mm的颗粒则是造成混合料空隙堵塞的关键.

  1. Evaluation on Low Temperature Performance of Recycled Asphalt Mixture Using Warm Mix Asphalt Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaolan Duan,

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the basic idea is about the recycled technology of asphalt mixture, more in-depth study of the lowtemperature performance of warm mix asphalt(WMA.First of all, Including the evaluation of low temperature performance of WMA made of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP (passed and not passed 2.36mm screen, and the influence of WMA with RAP mixed of different dosage of dispersant. Then, using the SBS modified asphalt and base asphalt were test at low temperature, research on the influence of different type of asphalt to the low temperature performance of WMA.

  2. CJJ 169-2012《城镇道路路面设计规范》沥青路面设计方法浅析%Analysis of Design Methods for Asphalt Pavement in CJJ 169-2012“Code for Design of Urban Road Pavement”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洪; 谭练武

    2015-01-01

    This paper introduces design methods for urban road asphalt pavement from two aspects :one is brief introduction of design methods for asphalt pavement in CJJ 169 -2012 “Code for Design of Urban Road Pavement” according to design flow of asphalt pavement , the other is emphatic comment on major improvements , differences and some problems still existing in CJJ 169-2012 relative to design methods for asphalt pavement in design guidance documents including CJJ 37-90“Code for Design of Urban Roads”, JTG D50 -2006 “Code for Design of Highway Asphalt Pavement”, design methods in American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials ( AASHTO) and SHELL design method, etc., and proposes opinions and recommendations for these improvements , differences and existing problems .%从2方面对城镇道路沥青路面设计方法进行介绍:一是按照沥青路面设计流程简要介绍CJJ 169—2012《城镇道路路面设计规范》的沥青路面设计方法;二是重点评述CJJ 169—2012相对于CJJ 37—90《城市道路设计规范》、JTG D50—2006《公路沥青路面设计规范》、美国各州公路和运输官员协会( AASHTO)设计法以及SHELL设计法等设计指导文件中沥青路面设计方法进行的主要改进、区别以及依然存在的一些问题,并对这些改进、区别以及存在的问题提出看法和建议。

  3. Environmental impact of highway construction and repair materials on surface and ground waters. Case study: crumb rubber asphalt concrete.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azizian, Mohammad F; Nelson, Peter O; Thayumanavan, Pugazhendhi; Williamson, Kenneth J

    2003-01-01

    The practice of incorporating certain waste products into highway construction and repair materials (CRMs) has become more popular. These practices have prompted the National Academy of Science, National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) to research the possible impacts of these CRMs on the quality of surface and ground waters. State department of transportations (DOTs) are currently experimenting with use of ground tire rubber ( crumb rubber) in bituminous construction and as a crack sealer. Crumb rubber asphalt concrete (CR-AC) leachates contain a mixture of organic and metallic contaminants. Benzothiazole and 2(3H)-benzothiazolone (organic compounds used in tire rubber manufacturing) and the metals mercury and aluminum were leached in potentially harmful concentrations (exceeding toxic concentrations for aquatic toxicity tests). CR-AC leachate exhibited moderate to high toxicity for algae ( Selenastrum capriconutum) and moderate toxicity for water fleas ( Daphnia magna). Benzothiazole was readily removed from CR-AC leachate by the environmental processes of soil sorption, volatilization, and biodegradation. Metals, which do not volatilize or photochemically or biologically degrade, were removed from the leachate by soil sorption. Contaminants from CR-AC leachates are thus degraded or retarded in their transport through nearby soils and ground waters.

  4. Quality and seasonal variation of rainwater harvested from concrete, asphalt, ceramic tile and green roofs in Chongqing, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qianqian; Wang, Xiaoke; Hou, Peiqiang; Wan, Wuxing; Li, Ruida; Ren, Yufen; Ouyang, Zhiyun

    2014-01-01

    There is an urgent requirement to examine the quality of harvested rainwater for potable and non-potable purposes, based on the type of roofing material. In this study, we examined the effect on the quality of harvested rainwater of conventional roofing materials (concrete, asphalt and ceramic tile roofs) compared with alternative roofing materials (green roof). The results showed that the ceramic tile roof was the most suitable for rainwater-harvesting applications because of the lower concentrations of leachable pollutants. However, in this study, the green roof was not suitable for rainwater harvesting applications. In addition, seasonal trends in water quality parameters showed that pollutants in roof runoff in summer and autumn were lower than those in winter and spring. This study revealed that the quality of harvested rainwater was significantly affected by the roofing material; therefore, local government and urban planners should develop stricter testing programs and produce more weathering resistant roofing materials to allow the harvesting of rainwater for domestic and public uses.

  5. Application Study on Geotextile as Bond-Breaking Layer Between Concrete Pavement Slab and Lean Concrete Base%土工布作水泥混凝土路面隔离层应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林天干; 姚佳良; 于远征; 袁剑波

    2012-01-01

    主要结合广东、湖南等省高速公路中采用土工布作水泥混凝土路面隔离层进行的路面层间力学性能试验与工程应用研究,探讨了贫混凝土基层上铺筑水泥混凝土面层时采用土工布隔离层与无隔离层时的层间力学性能差别.通过现场试验路施工,总结了土工布用于路面隔离层的施工控制技术.获得的土工布隔离层层间力学性能参数与施工应用技术,为实体工程路面设计、施工控制提供了科学依据.%This research explored the difference in mechanical performance of slab-base interface between the pavements without a bond-breaking layer and the pavements with geotextile as the bond-breaking layer installed between the concrete pavement surface slab and the lean concrete base, via the field tests for mechanical performance of slab-base interface treated with geotextile as the bond-breaking layers in some highway projects of Hunan and Guangdong Provinces. The techniques of construction control in placing geotextile atop the lean concrete base as the bond-breaking layer is concluded from the construction of the field test roads. The mechanical performance of slab-base interface with geotextile as the bond-brea king medium derived from this research and the techniques of construction offer scientific reference to pavement design and construction control in the practical road engineering projects.

  6. Finite Element Analysis of Semi-rigid Asphalt Pavement Subjected to Dynamic Vehicle Load%动态载荷作用下半刚性沥青路面动力响应分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈一锴; 何杰; 张卫华; 储庆中

    2012-01-01

    An analysis method investigating dynamic response of semi-rigid asphalt pavement under dynamic vehicle loads based on FVP (Functional Virtual Prototype) and FE (Finite Element) was advanced. The method is capable of analyzing stresses and strains under dynamic, static vehicle loads precisely, which is useful in predicting the fatigue life of semi-rigid asphalt pavement. Multi-DOF FVP model of truck- road was developed in ADAMS and validated with a ride comfort test, the characteristics of dynamic tire loads of wheels excited by B level road were found through simulation. As a 3-D visco-elastic FE model of a segment of semi-rigid asphalt pavement established based on multi-layer elastic system theory, pavement responses under single wheel and dual wheel were analyzed and compared with consideration of the rectangular contact area and the dynamic character, mobility of tire load. Simulation results indicate that the pavement fatigue damage is the comprehensive consequence of horizontal stresses, traverse stresses and vertical stresses induced by dynamic loads. And among which, the alternating variation of horizontal stresses is most important. In addition, the fatigue damage under dual tires is 1.92 times more than that under single tire.%基于功能化虚拟样机和有限元技术,提出一种精确车辆动态载荷作用下半刚性沥青路面响应的分析方法,可实现轮胎动、静载荷在半刚性沥青路面上的精确加载,从而准确预测路面疲劳寿命。基于车辆动力学原理,在ADAMS平台构建重型货车-路面高精度虚拟样机模型,通过实车平顺性实验验证其正确性;在B级路面输入下,通过仿真获得各轴动载荷变化规律;基于弹性层状体系理论构建半刚性沥青路面的3-D粘弹性有限元模型,在同时考虑车辆载荷动态性、移动性及轮胎矩形印迹的基础上,分别分析单、双轮载荷作用下的路面响应。仿真表明水平应力的交变变化是半刚

  7. Infiltration and Evaporation of Diesel and Gasoline Droplets Spilled onto Concrete Pavement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilpert, M.; Adria-Mora, B.

    2015-12-01

    Pollution at gas stations due to small spills that occur during refueling of customer vehicles has received little attention. We have performed laboratory experiments in order to assess the processes of evaporation and infiltration of fuel spilled onto concrete samples. Changes in mass of both spilled diesel and gasoline droplets as a function of time have been analyzed. The infiltrated mass is affected by variations in humidity, among other parameters, which influence the amount of water condensed onto the concrete. Therefore, we used a humidity data logger and statistical tools to predict the evolution of the real mass of infiltrated fuel. The infiltrated mass roughly decreases exponentially, but the difference in behavior between both fuel types is important. The percentage of evaporated mass is much larger for gasoline, while infiltration is more significant for diesel. Also, the percentage of infiltrated liquid depends on the initial droplet mass. We also developed a multiphysics model, which couples pore-scale infiltration to turbulent atmospheric transport, to explain the experimental data. In conclusion, a substantial amount of fuel could both seep into the ground to contaminate groundwater and be released to the atmosphere. More studies are needed to quantify the public health implications of the released pollutants.

  8. 活性粉末混凝土路面砖的经济性分析%The Economic Analysis of Reactive Powder Concrete Pavement Brick

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丹; 王亚洲

    2015-01-01

    This paper mainly introduces the features and advantages of reactive powder concrete (RPC) pavement brick, and in the material composition of reactive powder concrete as the economy of the urban road brick are analyzed. Using of the reactive powder concrete pavement brick in Municipal Engineering can significantly increase the road service performance and durability, and play an important role in the future development of the road.%本文主要介绍了活性粉末混凝土(RPC)路面砖的特点和优势,并从材料组成上对活性粉末混凝土用作城市路面砖的经济性进行了分析。市政工程中采用活性粉末混凝土做路面砖,可以显著提高道路使用性能及耐久性,在未来道路发展中占有重要作用。

  9. 环保多功能沥青除冰路面一体化设计研究%Environment-friendly multi-function asphalt pavement de-icing design and mechanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁庆军; 彭馨彦; 姜友生; 陈光新; 毛明

    2012-01-01

    依托湖北杭瑞高速公路工程,为降低沿线行车通过居民区带来的噪音污染,解决冬季路面积雪薄冰带来的行车安全问题,以具有一定结构除冰性能的高连通孔隙沥青路面材料为基体,选用橡胶高黏度改性沥青,并掺人环保型化学抑冰剂,开发设计具有除冰、降噪、抗滑功能材料路面.以不牺牲路用性能为前提,通过测试动稳定度、冻融劈裂强度比、飞散损失、抗剪强度等,确定环保型化学抑冰剂的掺量.同时利用驻波管法、手工铺砂法及轮版法测定空隙化分别为16%、20%、24%、28%的路面材料除冰性能、降噪性能和抗滑性能.测试结果表明,当环保型融雪除冰剂的掺量为2%,空隙率控制在20%左右时,高连通孔隙沥青材料的路面使用性能最佳,具有较好的除冰性能、降噪性能和抗滑性能.%The present study aims to introduce a new approach to reducing expressway noise pollution caused by the roadside traffic and relieving the traffic hazard caused by the snow-ice sliding in winter days by taking the Hangzhou-Ruili Expressway construction project as our case study. In proceeding with our research, we have done a series of experiments and tests for our goals by using high-sticking porous asphalt pavement material to lower the traffic noise by using modified high-viscosity rubber asphalt and environment-friendly organic-inorganic composite deicer to increase the skidding and sliding resistance so as to heighten the de-icing function of the road. In our experiments, we have repeatedly tested the dynamic stability, the freeze-thaw splitting strength ratio, the loss of sliding, shear strength and other parameters concerned so as to determine the appropriate dosage of environment-friendly organic-inorganic composite deicer. And, the eventually, the testing results prove that the pavement performance of the innovated composite pavement asphalt material can reduce the skidding and

  10. The Optimal Design of Emulsified Asphalt Plant-Mixed Cold-Recycling Mixture Used in the Middle and Lower Layer of Asphalt Pavement%基于中下面层的乳化沥青厂拌冷再生配合比优化设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瑞

    2015-01-01

    我国乳化沥青厂拌冷再生混合料一般作为基层使用,国内外研究表明,设计合理的乳化沥青厂拌冷再生混合料同样可以用在中下面层.本研究参考贝雷法级配设计理念,提出以CF比和CA比作为乳化沥青厂拌冷再生设计参数,研究不同CF比和CA比对其路用性能的影响.室内试验结果表明,CF比和CA比存在一个合适的范围使厂拌乳化沥青冷再生沥青混合料的路用性能在此范围内使用效果较好,并根据中下面层的功能特点,考虑乳化沥青冷再生混合料的强度、高温性能和水稳定性能,推荐中粒式乳化沥青厂拌冷再生的CF比区间为(0.7~1.2),CA比为(0.7~1.1).通过试验段对以CF比和CA比选取的级配进行验证,结果表明设计的混合料具有良好的路用性能.%In China,the emulsified asphalt plant⁃mixed cold⁃recycling mixture are commonly used as a base. Both the domestic and foreign research shows that reasonable designed emulsified asphalt plant⁃mixed cold⁃recycling mixture can be used in the middle and lower layer of asphalt pavement. Based on the bailey method,we studied the effect of different CF ratio and CA ratio on the performance of mixture and proposed CF ratio and CA ratio in designing the emulsified asphalt plant⁃mixed cold⁃recycling mixture. All the laboratory experiment results show that when the CF ratio and CA ratio in an appropriate range,the performance of the emulsified asphalt plant⁃mixed cold⁃recycling mixture is good. Considering the functions of the middle and lower layer in asphalt pavement ,and the high temperature stability and water stability of the emulsified asphalt plant⁃mixed cold⁃recycling mixture,we recommend that the CF ratio is between 0.7 and 1.2,and the CA ratio is between 0.7 and 1.1. Through the test section,the results show that it has good performance of the designed emulsified asphalt plant⁃mixed cold⁃recycling mixture.

  11. Field test and research on vehicle load induced dynamic pore pressure in asphalt pavement%车载引起的沥青路面内动水压力现场试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤潍泽; 欧金秋; 崔新壮; 楼俊杰; 肖溟; 张炯; 黄丹; 侯飞

    2015-01-01

    In order to study the influence on moisture damage of asphalt pavement caused by dynamic pore pressure due to moving vehicle loads,and explore the time histories of dynamic stress and dynamic pore pressure in the pavement surface layers,the heat-resistant dynamic stress and pore pressure sensors were developed and used to measure the dynamic stresses and pore pressures in the field,and the field measured data of dynamic pore pressure was acquired. Based on the Biot’s consolidation theory,a numerical fluid-solid coupling simulation method reflecting mobile effect of wheel load was used to analyze the response of pavement under the actual condition.The time history of dynamic pore pressure in pavement was quantitatively analyzed.Numerical simulation results matched well with in situ test data.The pump-suction effect of dynamic pore pressure that continuously generated in pavement void under cyclical vehicle loads led to the reduce of the asphalt-aggregate bond strength and further triggered the moisture damage.This study verified the hydraulic drive mechanism of moisture damage,and provided a theoretical guild for the moisture damage research and pavement design.%为了研究移动车载引起的动水压力对沥青路面水损坏产生的影响,探究路面层内动应力变化及动水压力的长消规律,利用自主研制的耐高温动应力和动水压力传感器,对现场行车荷载引起的动应力及动水压力进行实测,获取了动水压力的实测数据;并且基于 Biot 固结理论,利用一种反映移动效应的车轮荷载数值模拟方法,对实测工况下路面情况进行了动态流固耦合分析,定量研究了路面层内的动水压力长消规律。发现现场实测与数值模拟结果基本一致。沥青路面在周期行车荷载作用下,路面空隙中不断产生动水压力的泵吸作用,导致沥青混合料强度下降,进而引发水损坏。该成果验证了水损坏的水力驱动机理,

  12. Influence of Load Factors on Rutting of Asphalt Pavement on Large Longitudinal Slope%影响长大纵坡沥青路面车辙的荷载因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王翼

    2014-01-01

    为了找到影响长大纵坡沥青路面车辙的最不利荷载因素,从交通荷载的角度提出车辙防治措施,对坡度、车速和超载对长大纵坡路面车辙的影响进行了计算分析和比较。研究表明,坡度对长大纵坡的路面车辙的影响较小;与坡度相比,较低的车速更易导致车辙病害的产生;车辆超载是导致车辙产生和进一步恶化的最不利因素。%To find out the critical load factor leading to rutting on large longitudinal slope and control measures,this paper analyzes the influence of slope,speed of vehicle and overload on rutting on the asphalt pavement on large longitudinal slope.The result indicates that the slope has limited influence on the rutting.There is a direct correlation between speed of vehicle and rutting.The overload is proved to be the critical factor leading to excessive pavement rutting on large longitudinal slope.

  13. 碳纤维-玻纤格栅抗凝冰沥青路面对策研究%Ice-melting Countermeasure Research of Carbon Fiber-glass Fiber Grille Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李红; 张谢东

    2013-01-01

    针对贵州地区凝冰危害等级,为了制订与凝冰危害等级相对应的抗凝冰路面响应对策,采取了将凝冰危害等级转换为凝冰厚度指标后再进一步研究抗凝冰路面响应对策的策略.在进行指标转换后,进一步研究了碳纤维-玻纤格栅抗凝冰沥青路面的融凝冰功率-升温时间关系、融凝冰能力,最后提出了具体的响应贵州地区凝冰危害的对策.%For the Guizhou province ice warning level,to make the anti-ice asphalt pavement response measures adapt for the ice warning level,the paper converted the warning level to ice thickness indicators before studying the ice-melting countermeasures.Then the paper further studied the relationship of ice-melting power-heating-up-time and ice-melting-ability of the pavement,and finally put forward specific response countermeasures to the ice warning.

  14. 浅谈水泥混凝土路面平面及接缝设计%Discussion on Cement Concrete Pavement Plane and Joints Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝勇

    2011-01-01

    对于不配钢筋的水泥混凝土路面,须按照温度应力的计算方法确定板块平面尺寸,并遵循一定的规则将公路路面分割为整齐的平面块体,以防止不规则裂缝的产生.%For the cement concrete pavement which is not equipped with rebar, we should determine the plate plane size in accordance with the calculating method of temperature stress, and make road surface divide into tidy flat block following certain rules to prevent irregular cracks.

  15. 半柔性路面大空隙基体沥青混合料设计与性能研究%Study on the Design and Performance of Large Void Basic Asphalt Mixture for Semi-flexible Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王凤华; 王伟明; 吴旷怀

    2015-01-01

    In this paper,three kinds of large void basic asphalt mixture with different voidages for semi-flexible pavement are designed based on the coarse aggregate voids-filling method (CAVF).The Marshall Test,permeability test,determination of voidage and other performance tests are presented.The results show that the designed voidge and measured voidge are close in the three kinds of basic-asphalt-mixture with different viodages designed by CAVF,and have the appropriate strength,good drainage per-formance,the mortar can be poured strong.%基于矿料主骨料空隙体积填充法(CAVF)设计了3种不同空隙率的半柔性路面大空隙基体沥青混合料,采用马歇尔试验、透水试验与空隙率测定等试验评价其性能。结果表明,采用 CAVF 法设计的3种不同空隙率的基体沥青混合料,设计空隙率与实测空隙率较为接近,且具有适当的强度,较好的排水性能,砂浆的可灌入性强。

  16. 再生混凝土路面砖性能研究进展%Research progress on properties of recycled concrete pavement brick

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏雄; 李淋淋; 谢飞飞; 朱平华

    2016-01-01

    Recent advances on the influence of several factors on strength property of recycled concrete pavement brick were summa-rized comprehensively,including the water-binder ratio,quality and dosages of recycled coarse aggregate,type and volumes of mineral additions and sulfate attack. It was pointed out that lower water-binder ratio,recycled coarse aggregate with high quality and mineral admixture with appropriate amount were effective ways to enhanced strength of recycled concrete road brick. Then,abrasion resistance, anti-frost performance and dry shrinkage of recycled concrete pavement brick were introduced briefly. Properties of recycled concrete road brick were also considered in the complicated surroundings. Finally,some key scientific issues in performances of recycled concrete pavement brick were put forward,including change regulation and evolution mechanism of properties of recycled concrete road brick subjected to load and multi-environmental factors simultaneously.%首先从水胶比、再生粗骨料质量及掺量、矿物掺合料种类与掺量以及硫酸盐侵蚀4个因素入手对再生混凝土路面砖强度影响的研究进展进行了归纳总结,指出降低水胶比、提高再生粗骨料的质量、掺加适量的矿物掺合料是提高再生混凝土路面砖强度的有效途径。简要介绍了再生混凝土路面砖的耐磨性、抗冻性以及干燥收缩性,认为应考虑复杂环境下再生混凝土路面砖的性能。提出了再生混凝土路面砖亟待解决的一些关键问题,包括荷载与环境因素耦合下再生混凝土路面性能变化规律与演变机理。

  17. Grey Target Optimization of Waterproof Adhesive Material for Concrete Bridge Deck Pavement Based on Mechanical Analysis%基于力学分析的桥面铺装防水粘结层材料灰靶优选

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于新; 李英涛; 刘云

    2012-01-01

    为了优选与混凝土箱梁桥防水粘结层实际受力状态相匹配的材料,以沪杭高速公路拓宽改建工程高架桥为例,采用有限元法建立了全桥模型,在分析刹车、超载、随机动荷载等因素对防水粘结层力学响应的基础上,利用灰靶理论优选室内实测典型防水粘结层的相关技术参数.研究结果表明:刹车超载使防水粘结层产生的剪应力大于由桥面不平度引起的防水粘结层剪应力,最大可达0.397 MPa;橡胶沥青和SBS改性沥青防水粘结层综合性能较优,可作为混凝土桥防水粘结层材料.%In order to select the optimal waterproof adhesive material that meets the stress needs of concrete box girder bridge deck pavement, taking the viaduct in widening project of the Shanghai-Hangzhou Expressway as an example, a composite structure model of the whole bridge was established using the finite element method, and the influence of braking, overloading, random dynamic loading on the mechanical response of the waterproof adhesive layer was analyzed. The technique parameters of some typical materials for waterproof adhesive layer were tested in lab, and then analyzed by the grey target theory. The result shows that braking plus overloading has a larger effect on the shear stress of adhesive layer than the random dynamic loading caused by bridge deck roughness, and may produce a maximum shear stress of 0. 397 MPa. The rubber asphalt and SBS modified asphalt both have good performance, and can be used as the material of waterproof adhesive layer.

  18. Mechanical and Permeability Characteristics of Latex-Modified Pre-Packed Pavement Repair Concrete as a Function of the Rapid-Set Binder Content

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jae-Woong Han

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available We evaluated the strength and durability characteristics of latex-polymer-modified, pre-packed pavement repair concrete (LMPPRC with a rapid-set binder. The rapid-set binder was a mixture of rapid-set cement and silica sand, where the fluidity was controlled using a latex polymer. The resulting mix exhibited a compressive strength of ¥21 MPa and a flexural strength of ¥3.5 MPa after 4 h of curing (i.e., the traffic opening term for emergency repairs of pavement. The ratio of latex polymer to rapid-set binder material was varied through 0.40, 0.33, 0.29, and 0.25. Mechanical characterization revealed that the mechanical performance, permeability, and impact resistance increased as the ratio of latex polymer to rapid-set binder decreased. The mixture exhibited a compressive strength of ¥21 MPa after 4 h when the ratio of latex polymer to rapid-set binder material was ¤0.29. The mixture exhibited a flexural strength of ¥3.5 MPa after 4 h when the ratio of latex polymer to rapid-set binder material was ¤0.33. The permeability resistance to chloride ions satisfied 2000 C after 7 days of curing for all ratios. The ratio of latex polymer to rapid-set binder material that satisfied all conditions for emergency pavement repair was ¤0.29.

  19. The use of reflective and permeable pavements as a potential practice for heat island mitigation and stormwater management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, H.; Harvey, J. T.; Holland, T. J.; Kayhanian, M.

    2013-03-01

    To help address the built environmental issues of both heat island and stormwater runoff, strategies that make pavements cooler and permeable have been investigated through measurements and modeling of a set of pavement test sections. The investigation included the hydraulic and thermal performance of the pavements. The permeability results showed that permeable interlocking concrete pavers have the highest permeability (or infiltration rate, ˜0.5 cm s-1). The two permeable asphalt pavements showed the lowest permeability, but still had an infiltration rate of ˜0.1 cm s-1, which is adequate to drain rainwater without generating surface runoff during most typical rain events in central California. An increase in albedo can significantly reduce the daytime high surface temperature in summer. Permeable pavements under wet conditions could give lower surface temperatures than impermeable pavements. The cooling effect highly depends on the availability of moisture near the surface layer and the evaporation rate. The peak cooling effect of watering for the test sections was approximately 15-35 °C on the pavement surface temperature in the early afternoon during summer in central California. The evaporative cooling effect on the pavement surface temperature at 4:00 pm on the third day (25 h after watering) was still 2-7 °C lower compared to that on the second day, without considering the higher air temperature on the third day. A separate and related simulation study performed by UCPRC showed that full depth permeable pavements, if designed properly, can carry both light-duty traffic and certain heavy-duty vehicles while retaining the runoff volume captured from an average California storm event. These preliminarily results indicated the technical feasibility of combined reflective and permeable pavements for addressing the built environment issues related to both heat island mitigation and stormwater runoff management.

  20. Development of Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design for Tropical Climate Using Cement-Treated Base Layer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. S. Aderinola

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available A mechanistic-empirical pavement design method is developed characterising cement-treated base layers for pavement design in Nigeria or other similar tropical and subtropical countries. Asphalt Concrete surface, Subbase and Aggregate base were characterised based on back calculation data from Claros et al (1986 while cement-treated base layer was based on modulus tests that had been conducted by past researchers. Failure criteria for the Asphalt Concrete fatigue failure and the subgrade rutting failure were based on those by Claros and Ijeh (1987 for Nigerian pavements. Cracking criterion used for the cement-treated layer was that developed by Otee et al. (1982. The comparison between the Soil-Cement and Aggregate base showed that at a low Equivalent Single Axle Load (ESAL (0.5 million repetitions was considered, the use of Aggregate base was better than Soil-Cement base. That for Aggregate base and Cement-Treated Gravel Base showed that the Cement-Treated Gravel Base was better than the Aggregate base at high ESAL (2.5 million repetitions was considered