WorldWideScience

Sample records for asociatividad juvenil preguntas

  1. Turismo, sustentabilidad y asociatividad interorganizacional

    OpenAIRE

    Barrionuevo, María Eugenia; Pan, Mónica Inés

    2011-01-01

    Este documento se desprende de una investigación en curso actualmente, "Sustentabilidad y asociatividad interorganizacional en el sector turístico en Córdoba. Perspectiva psico socio organizacional" avalada por la SECyT. Realizada por la Cátedra de Psicología Organizacional de la Facultad de Psicología UNC. Su objetivo es socializar avances de resultados de la misma, en uno de los sectores relevados: Localidad de Cuesta Blanca. Para la presente investigación, se ha optado por una metodología ...

  2. La asociatividad como estrategia para mejorar la competitividad de las Microempresas productoras de calzado del Municipio de Sincelejo

    OpenAIRE

    Esquivia Salgado, Luis Isaac

    2013-01-01

    Este artículo de revisión bibliográfica, cuyo objetivo es diagnosticar la situación actual, en materia de asociatividad empresarial en el municipio de Sincelejo. Se realizó en tres fases, consultar de fuentes secundarias, análisis de las condiciones de favorabilidad que permitan implementar un proceso asociativo entre empresas productoras de calzado y redacción del artículo. Los resultados evidencian que, su estado de asociatividad empresarial es bastante precario o nulo, al no pertenecer a...

  3. El desarrollo local sobre la base de la asociatividad empresarial: una propuesta estratégica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercy Narváez

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad resulta evidente la existencia de una estrecha interrelación entre los procesos de desarrollo local y la capacidad de las personas u organizaciones, tanto públicas como privadas, de producir concertaciones amplias y generar redes articuladoras de los diferentes esfuerzos con el propósito de conformar las condiciones necesarias que permitan impulsar crecimiento económico y desarrollo social. Enmarcado en dicho contexto, se plantea este trabajo, cuyo objeto es proponer algunas estrategias empresariales que de alguna manera propendan a estimular la dinámica y el desarrollo de las localidades, y que, entre otros aspectos, permitan la conformación de redes capaces de estructurar plataformas económicas que promuevan procesos de cambio para el mejoramiento del bienestar colectivo. Para alcanzar tal propósito, se realiza un análisis descriptivo documental que permite caracterizar algunos elementos del desarrollo local y la asociatividad empresarial. Se concluye que construyendo lazos de confianza, fomentando procesos de cooperación interempresarial y de los sectores empresariales con otras organizaciones públicas, privadas y la comunidad; impulsado procesos evolutivos de especialización y de innovación a partir de compartir conocimientos y el reforzamiento de competencias; identificando escenarios e impactando socialmente, se puede mejorar el desempeño de las empresas y del territorio en su conjunto.

  4. Relaciones de asociatividad y cooperación de las empresas familiares medianas en la cadena productiva metalmecánica en la ciudad de Bogotá

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    En esta tesina se describe un marco teórico sobre las relaciones de asociatividad y cooperación entre las empresas para el desarrollo de sus ventajas competitivas, identificando los factores que las determinan, tomando las experiencias y modelos de cluster, cadenas productivas, redes y distritos industriales. Partiendo de las condiciones y necesidades de competitividad de las empresas familiares

  5. Cuatro preguntas para iniciarse en cambio organizacional

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Acosta

    2008-01-01

    El presente artículo llega a un concepto sobre el cambio organizacional a partir de las respuestas que ofrece a cuatro preguntas: ¿Qué es lo que cambia en las organizaciones?, ¿Por qué cambian las organizaciones?, ¿Cómo cambian las organizaciones? y -entonces- ¿Qué es el cambio organizacional? Para lograr el propósito se toma como objeto a las organizaciones empresariales y se centra en las dimensiones donde se localizan los cambios, explora lo que algunos autores dicen sobre el cambio, revis...

  6. Asociatividad y transferencia de tecnología: caso de articulación público-privada en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darío Gabriel Codner

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En las nuevas formas de producción del conocimiento, la in - novación se constituye en mecanismo para la competitividad. También diferentes corrientes económicas destacan el papel de la innovación en el desarrollo. Los sistemas de innovación, las infraestructuras, la formación de recursos humanos, las normas regulatorias, entre otros, son aspectos determinantes. Además, hoy en día se rescatan las redes, la asociatividad y los consorcios como nuevas formas de producción de conocimiento cooperativo entre una alta diversidad de actores. Este artículo trata estas nue - vas realidades, a partir de un caso de asociación público-privada en el campo de la biotecnología.

  7. Preguntas sobre metodología- Parte 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leilah Santiago Bufrem

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available La Profa. Dra. Leilah Santiago Bufrem, especialista en metodología y producción científica, responde a las preguntas de los alumnos del Curso de Posgrado en Ciencia, Gestión y Tecnología de la Información (PPCG/UFPR y de Grado en Gestión de Información (CGI/UFPR. En esta primera parte, la Profa. Leilah explica aspectos estructurales de la actividad de investigación, relacionados con la planificación, planteo, papel de la introducción, elaboración de objetivos, universo y muestra y características de la investigación cualitativa.

  8. Preguntas sobre metodología- Parte 1

    OpenAIRE

    Leilah Santiago Bufrem

    2011-01-01

    La Profa. Dra. Leilah Santiago Bufrem, especialista en metodología y producción científica, responde a las preguntas de los alumnos del Curso de Posgrado en Ciencia, Gestión y Tecnología de la Información (PPCG/UFPR) y de Grado en Gestión de Información (CGI/UFPR). En esta primera parte, la Profa. Leilah explica aspectos estructurales de la actividad de investigación, relacionados con la planificación, planteo, papel de la introducción, elaboración de objetivos, universo y muestra y caracterí...

  9. Juvenile myasthenia

    OpenAIRE

    Knežević-Pogančev Marija

    2011-01-01

    Introduction. Juvenile myasthenia is a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease characterized by varying degrees of fluctuating, painless muscle weakness and rapid fatigue of any muscles under voluntary control. Juvenile myasthenia is a form of myasthenia appearing in adolescent age, representing 10% to 15% of all cases of myasthenia gravis. Juvenile myasthenia is presented by a defect in the transmission of nerve impulses to muscles, resulting from a breakdown in the normal communicati...

  10. Juvenile Arthritis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juvenile arthritis (JA) is arthritis that happens in children. It causes joint swelling, pain, stiffness, and loss of motion. It can affect any joint, but ... of JA that children get is juvenile idiopathic arthritis. There are several other forms of arthritis affecting ...

  11. Terapia a la pregunta filosófica: ¿qué es el arte?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adryan Fabrizio Pineda Repizzo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En la tradición del pensamiento occidental, la pregunta “¿Qué es el arte?” ha jugado un papel central, aunque enigmático, para el campo de la filosofía, donde se han avanzado tantas objeciones y respuestas tentativas, que hoy pareciera que han sido tantos esfuerzos sin rumbo ni asidero en el mundo real del arte. Este texto afronta la plausibilidad de asumir la pregunta “¿Qué es el arte?” como problema filosófico. Para responder a este cuestionamiento acudimos a Wittgenstein, con el fin de realizarle una terapia filosófica a la pregunta misma y así mostrar que los principales paradigmas filosóficos sobre este asunto no son sino la manifestación de una confusión del lenguaje en torno al término ‘arte’.  

  12. Inseguridades: otra vuelta de tuerca sobre la pregunta por los medios

    OpenAIRE

    Susana María Morales

    2015-01-01

    [es] La relación entre los medios y la violencia constituye una de las preocupaciones fundantes del campo de estudios de la comunicación, expresada en torno a la pregunta sobre los efectos de la propaganda. La aparición de dispositivos técnicos que hacen posible la transmisión masiva se desarrollan en contextos de guerra, situación que marca las preocupaciones que dieron origen a las preguntas sobre los efectos de los medios de la sociología norteamericana (Mattelart, ...

  13. Preguntas frecuentes sobre propiedad intelectual, derechos de autor y acceso abierto

    OpenAIRE

    PICTO-CIN 2010-0142

    2014-01-01

    Se presenta una serie de preguntas frecuentes sobre derechos de autor, propiedad intelectual y acceso abierto. Algunas de estas preguntas, entre otras, son: - ¿Qué son los derechos de autor? - ¿Cuál es el plazo de duración de los derechos de autor y de los derechos conexos? - ¿Es obligatorio registrar una obra u otorgar algún identificador para protegerla? - ¿Qué quiere decir que una obra es de dominio público? - ¿Qué significa la cesión no exclusiva de los derechos de autor?...

  14. Juvenile Prostitution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Csapo, Marg

    1986-01-01

    Recent research and Canadian government committee reports concerning juvenile prostitution are reviewed. Proposals are made in the realms of law and social policy; and existing programs are described. (DB)

  15. Preguntas para hacerle al doctor acerca del cáncer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serie de preguntas, organizadas por tema, que los pacientes con cáncer pueden hacer al médico o a otros miembros de su equipo de atención médica para conocer más acerca de su tipo de cáncer y lo que pueden esperar.

  16. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA); Juvenile chronic polyarthritis; Still disease; Juvenile spondyloarthritis ... The cause of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is not known. It ... illness . This means the body attacks and destroys healthy body ...

  17. Otra mirada a datos laborales urbanos colombianos: Muchas preguntas y algunas respuestas tentativas

    OpenAIRE

    Marc Hofstetter

    2012-01-01

    Este documento explora algunos aspectos del mercado laboral urbano durante el último cuarto de siglo en Colombia. El artículo trata de identificar aspectos novedosos a través de datos que habían sido poco explotados anteriormente. El objetivo del artículo es abrir preguntas de investigación que ayuden a entender mejor dicho mercado y a formular lecciones de política adecuadas para el sector.

  18. GENERACIÓN DE PREGUNTAS ALEATORIAS DE OPCIÓN MÚLTIPLE CON ÚNICA RESPUESTA PARA MOODLE

    OpenAIRE

    FERNÁN ALONSO VILLA GARZÓN; JOVANI ALBERTO JIMÉNEZ; ROSA FRANCO

    2011-01-01

    La plataforma Moodle, de educación virtual, posibilita la evaluación de alumnos a través de cuestionarios. Sin embargo, la creación de preguntas tiene las siguientes dificultades: ingresar un número considerable de preguntas es tedioso y es posible incurrir en errores de digitación; no posee un editor de LaTeX; sólo se pueden generar preguntas aleatorias mediante el tipo de calculadas. En este sentido, Scientific WorkPlace® ofrece ventajas ...

  19. Juvenile parotitis

    OpenAIRE

    Saarinen, Riitta

    2012-01-01

    In parotitis, one or both of the parotid glands swell, causing pain while eating, reduced mouth opening, and in some cases fever. Before the vaccination era, mumps was the commonest cause of childhood parotitis. Nowadays acute pediatric parotitis is rare, and the causative agent(s) are not fully known. It is assumed that other viruses in addition to mumps virus are capable of causing similar symptoms. Some children develop recurrent symptoms i.e. juvenile recurrent parotitis (JRP). If symptom...

  20. Juvenile Spondyloarthropathies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adrovic, Amra; Barut, Kenan; Sahin, Sezgin; Kasapcopur, Ozgur

    2016-08-01

    Juvenile spondyloarthropathies represent a clinical entity separate from the adult disease. Initial clinical signs of juvenile spondyloarthropathies often include lower extremity arthritis and enthesopathy, without axial involvement at the disease onset. Asymmetrical oligoarthritis of lower extremities is typically seen in this type of arthritis. Enthesopathy, which is the hallmark of the disease, is most commonly seen in the Achilles tendon, being manifested by heel pain. Anterior uveitis and HLA-B27 positivity are seen in a proportion of cases. Sacroiliitis is generally asymptomatic in the pediatric population. Ineffective treatment of childhood disease results in disease progression to typical adult form of ankylosing spondylitis. Therefore, early diagnosis and classification remains one of the most relevant questions in pediatric rheumatology. It should be kept in mind that the disease could be misdiagnosed as FMF or Behçet's syndrome in countries with a high incidence of those conditions. This review revises available classification criteria, clinical manifestations and therapeutic options for patients with juvenile spondyloarthropathies. PMID:27402112

  1. Formulación de preguntas y búsqueda de evidencia científica

    OpenAIRE

    Amaya Arias, Ana Carolina

    2013-01-01

    Formarse como investigador implica adquirir primero una serie de herramientas necesarias para lograr la adecuada definición del problema a investigar, fundamentar las teorías que subyacen al problema y revisar el estado del arte en el conocimiento alrededor del problema. El taller pretende brindar a los y las participantes herramientas para: Formular preguntas a partir de un problema científico, realizar búsqueda organizada de literatura actualizada en bases de datos, Evaluar un texto con bas...

  2. Claves del empleo juvenil en su dimensión societario-económica. La empresa base del desarrollo de la persona en la sociedad

    OpenAIRE

    García Echevarría, Santiago

    2016-01-01

    La grave situación que se plantea en diversos Países Europeos de una muy elevada tasa de desempleo juvenil contrasta de forma evidente con la excelente evolución del empleo juvenil en otros países europeos, ambos grupos dentro de la misma Unión Europea. La pregunta que actualmente se plantea es sobre las causas que inciden en estas grandes diferencias en torno a la integración del joven en el “trabajo” y, consiguientemente en su propio desarrollo y en el de la Sociedad. El empleo juvenil e...

  3. Un estudio del contenido científico de las preguntas formuladas por estudiantes cuando intentan comprender dispositivos experimentales

    OpenAIRE

    Torres Valois, Tarcilo; Milicic, Beatriz Estela; Sanjosé López, Vicente

    2013-01-01

    Se muestra un análisis descriptivo del contenido científico de las preguntas formuladas por estudiantes de secundaria y universitarios, cuando tratan de comprender el funcionamiento de dispositivos experimentales. Se consideran tres situaciones didácticas habituales: leer un texto acompañado de imágenes estáticas (esquemáticas); visualizar imágenes dinámicas (video o demostración de cátedra), observar y manipular los dispositivos. Solo una tercera parte de las preguntas de los estudiantes con...

  4. Algunas categorías y preguntas para el aula de literatura

    OpenAIRE

    Analia Gerbaudo Gerbaudo

    2013-01-01

    Este artículo reúne categorías y preguntas que en diferentes niveles (teórico, metodológico y epistemológico) le permiten al profesor que enseña literatura en el nivel medio interrogar sus decisiones, reflexionar sobre ellas y convertirlas en objeto de experimentación didáctica. Las categorías son “aulas de literatura”, “obstáculo epistemológico”, “obstáculo ideológico”, “buenas prácticas” y “docente como autor del curriculum”. La primera describe las elecciones didácticas en un aula de liter...

  5. Puntadas para recuperar la utopia de la salud: para iniciar algunas preguntas

    OpenAIRE

    Rapacci, Maria Lucia; Rodríguez Díaz, Marcela

    1996-01-01

    ¿Cómo abordar el campo de la salud de la mujer? ¿Cómo repensar las categorías y criterios habituales de su diagnóstico? ¿Cómo conceptualizar desde otros referentes paradigmáticos 10 que enferma a las mujeres? ¿Cómo construir una modalidad de atención y de intervención que represente realmente una verdadera alternativa a la salud integral de la mujer? ¿Cómo aportar a la concepción de la salud como un estado de bienestar en todas las dimensiones de la vida? Son algunas de las preguntas que acom...

  6. Titulación automática de preguntas en encuestas electorales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gallardo, Carolina

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the work carried out for automatically generating titles for questions included in the opinion polls contained in CIS databases (Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas – Spanish Center of Sociological Research. In the context of CIS, the title of a question should meet two requirements: from the point of view of form, it has to be grammatically correct and similar in style to existing ones; from the point of view of content, it must contain the subject of the question and the different options for answering. These conditions for form and content of titles discourage the use of techniques used in similar problems, such as automatic abstracting or machine learning with a training corpus, but rather favor a methodology based on an analysis and knowledge of the domain. To illustrate the analysis and the resolution strategy of the problem, we have selected a set of questions related to elections, due to their strategic importance and to CIS’s own specialization in opinion polls. The process followed and the subsequent evaluation of results are discussed in detail, with an assessment of both qualitative and quantitative aspects. The evaluation shows that 88.73% of the generated titles are in strict accordance with CIS’s requisites on form and content, resulting in reduced time spent by the institution’s qualified personnel on manual work.Este artículo describe el trabajo realizado para la generación automática de los títulos de las preguntas pertenecientes a las encuestas de opinión que existen en las bases de datos del CIS (Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas. Dentro del contexto del CIS, el título de una pregunta debe cumplir dos requisitos: desde el punto de vista de la forma, debe ser gramaticalmente correcto y tener un estilo similar a los ya existentes; y, desde el punto de vista del contenido, debe albergar el tema de la pregunta y las distintas categorías de respuesta. Estas restricciones en cuanto a la

  7. Juvenile Delinquency: An Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Carolyn A.

    2008-01-01

    Juvenile Delinquency is a term which is often inaccurately used. This article clarifies definitions, looks at prevalence, and explores the relationship between juvenile delinquency and mental health. Throughout, differences between males and females are explored. (Contains 1 table.)

  8. Juvenil Myastenia gravis.

    OpenAIRE

    Ansari, Kanwal Naz

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disease in adults. Myasthenia gravis in children and adolescents is uncommon and the disease can present as congenital myasthenic syndrome, transient myasthenia gravis or juvenile myasthenia gravis in this age group. Juvenile myasthenia gravis also have autoimmune pathogenesis as in adults. The purpose of this thesis is to study juvenile myasthenia gravis. Methods It has been done a retrospective chart review of patients with juvenile mya...

  9. Juvenile Arrests, 1998. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Howard N.

    This report provides a summary and analysis of national and state juvenile arrest data in the United States. In 1998, law enforcement agencies made an estimated 2.6 million arrests of persons under age 18. Federal Bureau of Investigations statistics indicate that juveniles account for 18% of all arrests, and 17% of all violent crime arrests in…

  10. Juvenile Arrests, 2007. Juvenile Justice Bulletin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puzzanchera, Charles

    2009-01-01

    This Bulletin summarizes 2007 juvenile crime and arrest data reported by local law enforcement agencies across the country and cited in the FBI report, "Crime in the United States 2007." The Bulletin describes the extent and nature of juvenile crime that comes to the attention of the justice system. It serves as a baseline for comparison for…

  11. Inseguridades: otra vuelta de tuerca sobre la pregunta por los medios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana María Morales

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available [es] La relación entre los medios y la violencia constituye una de las preocupaciones fundantes del campo de estudios de la comunicación, expresada en torno a la pregunta sobre los efectos de la propaganda. La aparición de dispositivos técnicos que hacen posible la transmisión masiva se desarrollan en contextos de guerra, situación que marca las preocupaciones que dieron origen a las preguntas sobre los efectos de los medios de la sociología norteamericana (Mattelart, 1998. En un contexto como el nuestro, en el que la inseguridad es una de las principales preocupaciones de los argentinos (Latinbarómetro, 2008 se actualizan las preguntas sobre la relación entre medios y violencia, ya que se modifican tanto la visibilidad como la experiencia de las violencias – algunas asociadas al término inseguridad- como el modo de producción cultural marcado por el proceso de mediatización. Luego de una superinflación de la cuestión de la seguridad en los medios (Vilker, 2009, hoy se revelan avances en la discusión teórico metodológica en torno a la relación entre los medios de comunicación, la representación mediática de la seguridad y lo que se denomina como cultura de la victimización o sentimiento de inseguridad. Este artículo se inscribe en ese debate, para plantear nuevos interrogantes y discusiones que permitan complejizar los abordajes sobre la cuestión. [en] The relationship between media and violence is one of the basic concerns of the communication studies, expressed about the question of the effects of propaganda. The emergence of technical devices that enable mass transfer are developed in the context of war , a situation that marks the concerns that gave rise to questions about the effects of media in American sociology (Mattelart, 1998. In a context like ours where insecurity is a major concern of Argentine (Latinbarómetro, 2008 questions about the relationship between media and violence are updated and amending both

  12. Asociatividad y agroturismo: Evaluación de las habilidades asociativas en redes de Agroturismo del sur de Chile Partnership and Agritourism: Assessment of Associative Skills in Agrotourism Networks in Southern Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Szmulewicz E

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available El surgimiento del agroturismo y de otras modalidades de turismo rural ofrece una opción productiva para familias y productores agropecuarios, pero especialmente para agrupaciones campesinas ya que su desarrollo requiere el trabajo conjunto y un grado importante de encadenamientos productivos tanto en la prestación de servicios turísticos como en la elaboración de productos turísticos. Los objetivos de este estudio se orientan a evaluar el nivel de desarrollo de las habilidades asociativas de los emprendedores responsables de iniciativas de agroturismo en las regiones de Los Ríos y de Los Lagos del sur de Chile y proponer lineamientos con el fin de fortalecer sus habilidades asociativas, contribuyendo al éxito y la sustentabilidad de sus negocios individuales y sobre todo a la generación de una oferta de tipo cooperativo. Los resultados reportan que las principales debilidades de las redes agroturísticas en materia de asociatividad son: la escasa comunicación, tanto interna como externa; el bajo nivel de cohesión y sentido de pertenencia; la falta de una visión de proyecto productivo común de medio y largo plazo; la escasa capacidad de la organización para tomar decisiones colectivas y las carencias en materia de liderazgo y técnicas organizacionales.The emergence of agritourism and other forms of rural tourism provides a productive option for families and farmers, but especially for tourism organizations. The development of these farmer groups in tourism requires joint work and a significant degree of chains even for service delivery and development of tourism products. The main objective of this research was to evaluate the development level of associative skills of entrepreneurs responsible for agritourism initiatives in the regions of Los Ríos and Los Lagos in southern Chile and propose guidelines in order to strengthen their skills associations, contributing to the success and sustainability of individual businesses and

  13. La pregunta/respuesta filosófica y moral en la poesía cancioneril portuguesa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Helena Marques Antunes

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available En la poesía cancioneril cuatrocentista el amor es tema privilegiado y el género pregunta/respuesta se muestra particularmente adecuado para discutir cuestiones de naturaleza amatoria. Sin embargo, la lectura de las colecciones poéticas castellanas permite reconocer la existencia, en número inferior, de preguntas/respuestas que versan sobre temáticas filosóficas y morales. La situación no es distinta en el Cancioneiro Geral de Garcia de Resende, donde el género se caracteriza también por la coexistencia, en proporción idéntica, de las temáticas amorosa y filosófica. El propósito de este artículo es, analizando este tipo peculiar de composiciones en el corpus portugués, ver de qué manera esta modalidad de intercambio poético permite un tratamiento dinámico y original de cuestiones existenciales y de razonamientos sobre la falta de valores. Así, la interacción entre el interrogador y el autor de la respuesta permite alargar el ámbito de la pregunta, revelando otras interpretaciones posibles para el problema planteado. La pregunta/respuesta de naturaleza filosófica y moral constituye además un ejercicio donde los poetas testan su pericia a través de juegos retóricos que subvierten la argumentación del adversario.

  14. Búsqueda de respuestas multilingüe : clasificación de preguntas en español basada en aprendizaje

    OpenAIRE

    García Cumbreras, Miguel Ángel; Martínez Santiago, Fernando; Ureña López, Luis Alfonso; Montejo Ráez, Arturo

    2005-01-01

    Este artículo presenta un sistema de clasificación de preguntas en español basado en aprendizaje, utilizando colecciones en inglés y diversas máquinas de traducción online como recursos de traducción de la pregunta original en español al inglés. En este estudio se mide de forma cuantitativa la bondad de cuatro traductores automáticos para la pareja de idiomas español-inglés, comparando los resultados obtenidos para las preguntas originales en inglés con los obtenidos de cada una d...

  15. Colorectal neoplasia in juvenile polyposis or juvenile polyps.

    OpenAIRE

    Giardiello, F.M.; Hamilton, S R; Kern, S. E.; Offerhaus, G. J.; Green, P A; Celano, P.; Krush, A J; Booker, S V

    1991-01-01

    Juvenile (retention) polyps are usually solitary lesions in the colorectum but may be multiple in juvenile polyposis. The association between juvenile polyps and colorectal neoplasia is controversial. We present three patients with juvenile polyposis who had colorectal adenomas or adenomatous epithelium in juvenile polyps at ages 3, 4, and 7 years. In a retrospective study of 57 additional patients with one or more juvenile polyps, 10 patients (18%) had colorectal neoplasia including three wi...

  16. Ni lo mismo ni lo otro: la singularidad de lo juvenil

    OpenAIRE

    José Fernando Serrano Amaya

    2002-01-01

    La pregunta por la “singularidad de lo juvenil”–aquello que permitiría por una parte diferenciar la “juventud” de otras formas de subjetividad y por otra definir lo específico de tal condición–, es uno de los ejes fundamentales en torno a los cuales gira el trabajo de la Línea que sobre Jóvenes y Culturas Juveniles tiene la Universidad Central. Desde allí hemos desarrollado una serie de investigaciones y propuestas conceptuales en constante cuestionamiento que motivan la escritura de este tex...

  17. Parenting and juvenile delinquency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoeve, Machteld

    2008-01-01

    Juvenile delinquency is a noteworthy problem. This thesis addressed the association between parenting and juvenile delinquency by analyzing the concepts of parenting adopted in family research in relation to criminological concepts and measures of delinquent behavior. Four studies were conducted. Th

  18. Juvenile Delinquency in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epstein, Irving, Ed.

    1986-01-01

    Contains nine articles which describe the causes and treatment of juvenile delinquency in China. Focuses on the social causes of delinquency, family factors shaping juvenile crimes and mistakes, criminal peer groups, psychological factors related to delinquency, and the role of education in prevention of delinquency. (JDH)

  19. Philanthropist in Juvenile Reformatory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN NIU

    2007-01-01

    @@ On the afternoon of February 1, 2007, Chen Guangbiao, a noted philanthropist, found himself in the Jiangsu Provincial Juvenile Reformatory in Jurong City for a ceremony to donate two buses, 100 computers, and 100 desks and 100 chairs for the juvenile offenders to use in their study.

  20. ¿Qué es el hábitat?: las preguntas por el hábitat

    OpenAIRE

    Echeverría Ramírez, María Clara; Yory, Carlos Mario; Sanchez Ruíz, Jorge E.; Gutiérrez Flórez, Felipe; Zuleta Ruíz, Fabián Beethoven; Muñoz Ciro, Edinson

    2009-01-01

    Reune una cinco ensayos que buscan responder a la pregunta ¨Qué es el hábitat? desde diferentes enfoques disciplinares: "Hábitat: concepto, campo y trama de vida", "Hábitat urbano y derecho a la ciudad: una aproximación desde el concepto de topofilia", "El hábitat no es una cosa", "Entre objetos y sistemas: hábitat una propuesta disciplinar", "La ciudad, medio ambiente y hábitat y el problema moral del conocimiento y la acción"

  1. QUIZ LIBRE: software de entretenimiento basado en un juego de preguntas y respuestas para la plataforma Nintendo DS

    OpenAIRE

    Llamas Ruiz, Agustín

    2012-01-01

    Este proyecto, aprovechando el empuje que supone actualmente en la red estos juegos, quiere proporcionar a los usuarios para la consola portátil de Nintendo, la Nintendo DS, un pequeño juego de preguntas y respuestas parecido al famoso juego del Trivial, donde cuatro jugadores en la misma consola podrán competir para saber, quien tiene más conocimientos sobre los temas que más les guste, ya que el juego será personalizable por y para los usuarios.

  2. Juvenile Sex Offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Eileen P; Otonichar, Joseph M

    2016-07-01

    Sexual offending by juveniles accounts for a sizable percentage of sexual offenses, especially against young children. In this article, recent research on female juvenile sex offenders (JSOs), risk factors for offending in juveniles, treatment, and the ways in which these youth may differ from general delinquents will be reviewed. Most JSOs do not go on to develop paraphilic disorders or to commit sex offenses during adulthood, and as a group, they are more similar to nonsexual offending juvenile delinquents than to adult sex offenders. Recent research has elucidated some differences between youth who commit sex offenses and general delinquents in the areas of atypical sexual interests, the use of pornography, and early sexual victimization during childhood. PMID:27222141

  3. What Is Juvenile Arthritis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Submit this page to Yahoo! Buzz '); document.write(' Rank this page on Digg '); document.write(' Bookmark this ... her normal activities. What Are Researchers Trying to Learn About Juvenile Arthritis? Scientists are looking for the ...

  4. Juvenile Justice in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Frías Armenta

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The first tribunal in Mexico was established in the central state of San Luis Potosi in 1926. The Law Regarding Social Prevention and Juvenile Delinquency for the Federal District and Mexican territories was promulgated in 1928. In 2005, Article 18 of the Mexican Constitution was modified to establish a comprehensive system (“Sistema Integral de justicia” in Spanish of justice for juveniles between 12 and 18 years old who had committed a crime punishable under criminal law. Its objective was to guarantee juveniles all the due process rights established for adults, in addition to the special ones recognized for minors. The constitutional reform also provides a framework that includes special tribunals as well as alternative justice options for juveniles. With these reforms, institutionalization of minors was to be considered an extreme measure applicable only to felonies and to juveniles older than 14. In 2006, all states within the Mexican federation enacted the “Law of justice for adolescents”. This system, at both the federal and state levels, formalizes a new global paradigm with regard to the triangular relationship between children, the State and the Law. It recognizes that children are also bearers of the inherent human rights recognized for all individuals, instead of simply objects in need of protection. However, despite formally aligning Mexican juvenile justice law with the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC, issues of actual substantive rights remained and new ones have appeared. For example, juveniles younger than 14 who have not committed a felony are released from institutions without any rehabilitation or treatment options, and alternative forms of justice were included without evaluating their possibilities of application or their conditions for success. In addition, the economic status of most juvenile detainees continues to be one of the most important determining factors in the administration of justice

  5. Parenting and juvenile delinquency

    OpenAIRE

    Hoeve, Machteld

    2008-01-01

    Juvenile delinquency is a noteworthy problem. This thesis addressed the association between parenting and juvenile delinquency by analyzing the concepts of parenting adopted in family research in relation to criminological concepts and measures of delinquent behavior. Four studies were conducted. The first study addressed a meta-analysis on parenting characteristics and styles in relation to delinquency. In this meta-analysis, previous manuscripts were systematically analyzed, computing mean ...

  6. Asociatividad productiva para el desarrollo local

    OpenAIRE

    González Gómez, Daniel A.; Carro, Roberto

    2011-01-01

    La actividad empresarial constituye uno de los pilares sobre los que descansan las economías modernas, por ello el éxito de un municipio o de una región depende fundamentalmente de la competitividad de sus empresas. Pero las condiciones del contexto en el que se desenvuelve la actividad empresarial están generando cambios en la organización del aparato productivo local. Hoy en día el entorno económico se caracteriza por negocios globalizados, niveles de competencia y desregulación que nunca a...

  7. Cómo enseñar a niños con autismo a hacer preguntas funcionalmente relevantes : una réplica sistemática

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, Gladys; Pérez González, Luis Antonio; Madeira, Jacqueline Marilac; Menéndez Suárez, Susana

    2005-01-01

    Este estudio fue una réplica sistemática del estudio de Williams, Pérez-González y Vogt para enseñar a un niño con autismo a hacer preguntas. Presentamos al niño cajas con objetos agradables dentro. Enseñamos al niño a preguntar: «¿Qué hay en la caja?», para saber el nombre del objeto, «¿Me lo enseñas?», para verlo, y «¿Me lo das?», para obtenerlo. El niño aprendió a hacer la primera pregunta. Cuando aprendió a hacer la segunda pregunta dejó de hacer la primera. Entonces, analizamos si aún en...

  8. Trunk asymmetry in juveniles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Triantafyllopoulos Georgios

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Trunk asymmetry (TA is a common phenomenon in children, but its incidence in juveniles is not known. The present cross sectional study reports TA in normal juveniles and provides data which describe the evolution of TA from early childhood to adolescence. Materials and methods The scoliometer readings in both standing and sitting forward bending position (FBP of 3301 children, (1645 boys, and 1656 girls aged from 3 to 9 years old were studied. TA was quantified by measuring angle of trunk rotation (ATR and children were categorized as symmetric (ATR = 0°, mild asymmetric (ATR 1° – 6° and severely asymmetric (ATR ≥ 7°. The difference of TA between standing and sitting FBP as well as differences between boys and girls in frequency of TA were also calculated. The scoliometer readings were analyzed by age to reveal at which age the juvenile pattern of TA changes into the adolescent one. Results 74.2% of boys and 77% of girls were symmetric (ATR = 0° in the thoracic region in standing FBP, while 82.7% of boys and 84.1% of girls were symmetric in the thoracic region in sitting FBP. Juvenile girls are more symmetric than boys but severe TA was found almost the same between the two genders. A significant reduction in the frequency of mild TA from standing into sitting FBP, in all the examined regions in both boys and girls was found, but in severe TA this reduction is very small. Analysing scoliometer readings by age it appears that significant TA changes take place between 8–9 years of age for boys and between 6–7 and 8–9 years for girls. TA in boys is changing into the adolescent pattern at a later age than in girls. Conclusion Juveniles were found more symmetric than adolescents, who were studied previously in a different study. Furthermore, juvenile girls were found more symmetric than boys. Juvenile TA pattern seems to be in accordance with the higher incidence of juvenile idiopathic scoliosis in boys. Furthermore

  9. Juvenile Incarceration and Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnert, Elizabeth S; Perry, Raymond; Morris, Robert E

    2016-03-01

    Addressing the health status and needs of incarcerated youth represents an issue at the nexus of juvenile justice reform and health care reform. Incarcerated youth face disproportionately higher morbidity and higher mortality compared to the general adolescent population. Dental health, reproductive health, and mental health needs are particularly high, likely as a result of lower access to care, engagement in high-risk behaviors, and underlying health disparities. Violence exposure and injury also contribute to the health disparities seen in this population. Further, juvenile incarceration itself is an important determinant of health. Juvenile incarceration likely correlates with worse health and social functioning across the life course. Correctional health care facilities allow time for providers to address the unmet physical and mental health needs seen in this population. Yet substantial challenges to care delivery in detention facilities exist and quality of care in detention facilities varies widely. Community-based pediatricians can serve a vital role in ensuring continuity of care in the postdetention period and linking youth to services that can potentially prevent juvenile offending. Pediatricians who succeed in understanding and addressing the underlying social contexts of their patients' lives can have tremendous impact in improving the life trajectories of these vulnerable youth. Opportunities exist in clinical care, research, medical education, policy, and advocacy for pediatricians to lead change and improve the health status of youth involved in the juvenile justice system. PMID:26548359

  10. La pregunta didáctica en la enseñanza universitaria: una síntesis para la comunicación y la comprensión del sentido de los saberes

    OpenAIRE

    L. M Grisales

    2013-01-01

    El artículo es una conceptualización de la pregunta didáctica desde el horizonte de la enseñanza universitaria. Para esto se emplea una estructura dialéctica que parte de la tesis que argumenta que la didáctica universitaria busca comunicar el sentido de los saberes en la enseñanza superior, y de la antítesis que argumenta que la pregunta busca comprender el sentido de las cosas en la investigación. De estos dos argumentos emerge la pregunta didáctica como aquella pregunta, que en tanto creac...

  11. Selección de características para la clasificación de preguntas multilingüe

    OpenAIRE

    Tomás Díaz, David; Vicedo González, José Luis

    2010-01-01

    Este trabajo presenta un estudio sobre el rendimiento de diferentes métodos de selección de características aplicados a la tarea de clasificación de preguntas en diferentes idiomas. El estudio se ha realizado sobre un corpus paralelo de preguntas en cuatro idiomas: inglés, español, italiano y catalán. This paper presents a study on the performance of different features selection methods applied to question classification in different languages. This study was carried out on a parallel corp...

  12. Géneros textuales en el lenguaje parlamentario español : la pregunta oral en la sesión de control al gobierno

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Javier Santos López

    2010-01-01

    Este estudio se propone demostrar que la “pregunta oral en la sesión de control al gobierno” constituye un género del lenguaje político, encuadrado en el supragénero “sesión del pleno” que, a su vez, pertenece a la familia de géneros “lenguaje parlamentario”. Para ello se realiza el análisis de un corpus del lenguaje parlamentario constituido por las transcripciones de las sesiones del pleno del Congreso de los Diputados. Se observa que este tipo de pregunta no es una interacción conversacion...

  13. Una aproximación multilingüe a la clasificación de preguntas basada en aprendizaje automático

    OpenAIRE

    Tomás Díaz, David; Vicedo González, José Luis; Suárez Cueto, Armando; Bisbal Asensi, Empar; Moreno Boronat, Lidia

    2005-01-01

    Este artículo presenta una aproximación multilingüe a la clasificación de preguntas basada en aprendizaje automático, empleando características de aprendizaje independientes del idioma. Esto va a permitir que el sistema sea flexible y fácilmente adaptable a nuevos idiomas. Sobre un corpus paralelo de preguntas en inglés y castellano, contrastaremos el rendimiento del sistema con tres métodos distintos de aprendizaje: Máquinas de Vectores Soporte, Máxima Entropía y aprendizaje b...

  14. Preguntas de los estudiantes sobre dispositivos experimentales en distintas situaciones didácticas: génesis y tipología

    OpenAIRE

    Torres Valois, Tarcilo

    2013-01-01

    Todo nuevo conocimiento comienza con “una buena pregunta”. Formular preguntas es una competencia científica y es conveniente desarrollarla durante la instrucción. A pesar de la importancia aceptada de saber formular preguntas, y del impacto que ello tiene en el éxito académico (Rosenshine, Meister y Chapman, 1996), en las clases usuales de ciencias esta competencia no se desarrolla de forma adecuada, como mostró el estudio de Dillon (1988; Chinn y Malhotra, 2002). El objetivo principal ...

  15. La formulación y reformulación de problemas o preguntas en el aprendizaje de las matemáticas en el nivel medio superior

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Estrada Medina

    2003-01-01

    El estudio documenta los procesos cognitivos mostrados por estudiantes de bachillerato en un curso de cálculo. Los pupilos fueron expuestos a situaciones matemáticas en las cuales no aparecía un problema o pregunta planteado. La tarea de los alumnos fue formular y resolver los problemas o preguntas que podían inferirse a partir de la situación. La orientación pedagógica no fue que los jóvenes asimilaran contenidos, sino que aprendieran una actividad que fuera compatible con el hacer de las ma...

  16. Juvenile delinquency in the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    Junger-Tas, J.; Block, R.L.

    1988-01-01

    This book gives an overview of some of the research done at the WODC on the subject of juvenile delinquency. It is divided into three parts: the system and the data, causal explanations an reactions of the juvenile justice system.

  17. Epidemiology of juvenile violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrington, D P; Loeber, R

    2000-10-01

    It is difficult to review the epidemiology of juvenile violence because few studies focus specifically on this topic as opposed to childhood aggression or delinquency in general. More research is needed specifically on juvenile violence, which is generally measured using official records or self-reports. Self-report research shows that a substantial fraction of the male juvenile population commits violence, and that very few violent acts are followed by arrests or convictions. Racial differences in violence may be explainable by reference to racial differences in community contexts. There is a great deal of versatility in juvenile violence. Juveniles who commit one type of violent offense also tend to commit other types and nonviolent offenses. Violent offenders tend to be persistent or frequent offenders, and there is little difference between violent offenders and nonviolent but equally frequent offenders. Nevertheless, there is some degree of specialization in violence. More research is needed to investigate whether risk factors exist for violence that are not risk factors for serious nonviolent delinquency (e.g., biologic factors). Violent juveniles tend to have co-occurring problems such as victimization, substance abuse, and school failure. Often, they might be described as multiple-problem youth. There is considerable continuity from childhood aggression to juvenile violence. An early age of onset of violence predicts a large number of violent offenses. The major long-term risk factors for juvenile violence are individual (high impulsiveness and low intelligence, possibly linked to the executive functions of the brain), family (poor supervision, harsh discipline, child physical abuse, a violent parent, large family size, poverty, a broken family), peer delinquency, gang membership, urban residence, and living in a high-crime neighborhood (characterized by gangs, guns, and drugs in the United States). More research is needed on interactions among risk factors

  18. Miastenia gravis juvenil Juvenile myasthenia gravis

    OpenAIRE

    Oscar Papazian; Israel Alfonso; Nayle Araguez

    2009-01-01

    La miastenia gravis juvenil (MGJ) es un trastorno crónico auto inmune en el cual existen anticuerpos séricos que al unirse a los receptores de acetilcolin nicotínicos de la membrana muscular de la placa motora alteran la transmisión neuromuscular. El resultado es fatiga muscular precoz con progresión a la parálisis durante estados de contracción muscular iterativos (movimientos) o sostenidos (posturas) y más raramente parálisis permanente durante el reposo. Los músculos inervados por los nerv...

  19. Juvenile Justice in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Martha Frías Armenta; Livier Gómez Martínez

    2014-01-01

    The first tribunal in Mexico was established in the central state of San Luis Potosi in 1926. The Law Regarding Social Prevention and Juvenile Delinquency for the Federal District and Mexican territories was promulgated in 1928. In 2005, Article 18 of the Mexican Constitution was modified to establish a comprehensive system (“Sistema Integral de justicia†in Spanish) of justice for juveniles between 12 and 18 years old who had committed a crime punishable under criminal law. Its objective ...

  20. Juvenile Sex Offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Eileen P

    2016-01-01

    Public policy has tended to treat juvenile sex offenders (JSOs) as adult sex offenders in waiting, despite research that contradicts this notion. Although as a group, JSOs are more similar to general delinquents than to adult sex offenders, atypical sexual interests and sexual victimization during childhood may be a pathway for sexual offending that differentiates some JSOs from their nonsexually delinquent peers. Developmental considerations must be considered in risk assessment evaluations of these youth. This article reviews theories of sexual offending in youth, risk factors for juvenile offending and reoffending, psychopathology in JSOs, risk assessment, and treatment. PMID:26593121

  1. Treating the Juvenile Offender

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoge, Robert D., Ed.; Guerra, Nancy G., Ed.; Boxer, Paul, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    This authoritative, highly readable reference and text is grounded in the latest knowledge on how antisocial and criminal behavior develops in youth and how it can effectively be treated. Contributors describe proven ways to reduce juvenile delinquency by targeting specific risk factors and strengthening young people's personal, family, and…

  2. Una experiencia de conocimiento situado: la línea de Jóvenes y Culturas Juveniles del DIUC

    OpenAIRE

    José Fernando Serrano A.; Ana María Arango; Fernando Quintero; Leonardo Bejarano

    2009-01-01

    El artículo presenta una mirada retrospectiva a la línea de Investigación en Jóvenes y Culturas Juveniles del IESCO (DIUC) entre 1998-2004. Para ello, se observan las preguntas de partida, los ejes de la reflexión y sus resultados. A lo largo del período observado se produce una pérdida de seguridad en la comprensión de los sujetos jóvenes desde lógicas descriptivas, y se pasa más bien a observar los procesos de subjetivación juvenil. Con base en ello, se caracteriza el conocimiento producido...

  3. Una experiencia de conocimiento situado: la línea de Jóvenes y Culturas Juveniles del DIUC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Fernando Serrano A.

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta una mirada retrospectiva a la línea de Investigación en Jóvenes y Culturas Juveniles del IESCO (DIUC entre 1998-2004. Para ello, se observan las preguntas de partida, los ejes de la reflexión y sus resultados. A lo largo del período observado se produce una pérdida de seguridad en la comprensión de los sujetos jóvenes desde lógicas descriptivas, y se pasa más bien a observar los procesos de subjetivación juvenil. Con base en ello, se caracteriza el conocimiento producido por la línea como una experiencia parcial, localizada, corporeizada y crítica de los estudios de juventud.

  4. La pregunta didáctica en la enseñanza universitaria: una síntesis para la comunicación y la comprensión del sentido de los saberes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. M Grisales

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available El artículo es una conceptualización de la pregunta didáctica desde el horizonte de la enseñanza universitaria. Para esto se emplea una estructura dialéctica que parte de la tesis que argumenta que la didáctica universitaria busca comunicar el sentido de los saberes en la enseñanza superior, y de la antítesis que argumenta que la pregunta busca comprender el sentido de las cosas en la investigación. De estos dos argumentos emerge la pregunta didáctica como aquella pregunta, que en tanto creación del docente, obedece a la reflexión pedagógica, didáctica y epistemológica del saber, y que abre espacios de conversación para comunicar y posibilitar la compresión del sentido de los saberes que se enseñan en la universidad, con el fin de introducir a los estudiantes en los métodos de construcción de dichos saberes. La pregunta didáctica al abrir espacios de conversación toma la forma de una secuencia de preguntas, preguntas que abren posibilidades de respuestas y de preguntas para establecer de este modo lógicas comunes entre los saberes y los estudiantes.   

  5. Géneros textuales en el lenguaje parlamentario español: la pregunta oral en la sesión de control al gobierno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Javier Santos López

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio se propone demostrar que la “pregunta oral en la sesión de control al gobierno” constituye un género del lenguaje político, encuadrado en el supragénero “sesión del pleno” que, a su vez, pertenece a la familia de géneros “lenguaje parlamentario”. Para ello se realiza el análisis de un corpus del lenguaje parlamentario constituido por las transcripciones de las sesiones del pleno del Congreso de los Diputados. Se observa que este tipo de pregunta no es una interacción conversacional normal, debido a la violación de las máximas de intercambio cooperativo de Grice (1975 y 1978. Sin embargo, los turnos de preguntas y respuestas obedecen al principio de cooperación porque responden a las exigencias dialógicas del momento, el lugar, la finalidad y la norma convencional de referencia, de forma que dichos turnos conforman un género discursivo con una estructuración convencional, para el cual la violación de las máximas es funcional. Posteriormente se realiza un análisis de diferentes funciones comunicativas de la pregunta que lleva a una propuesta de clasificación dentro del lenguaje parlamentario. Se llega a la conclusión de que se puede establecer una categorización de la pregunta, basándose en las condiciones de textualidad de la estructura informativa del texto.

  6. Distintas lecturas de la pregunta como mediación didáctica para la traducción de saberes en la educación superior o acerca de un estado en cuestión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina María Grisales Franco

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available A partir de una búsqueda documental en el Sistema de Bibliotecas de la Universidad de Antioquia, bibliotecas digitales, revistas y en bases de datos especializadas en educación, se seleccionaron 26 investigaciones desarrolladas entre 1997 y 2007 para tener una aproximación a lo que actualmente se está investigando en relación con la pregunta en la educación superior. Se identificaron tres perspectivas en las que se mueve la investigación respecto a la pregunta. La primera, se refiere a los tipos de preguntas que se utilizan frecuentemente en la enseñanza superior. La segunda, sobre estrategias didácticas que se fundamentan en la pregunta. Y la tercera, acerca de la pregunta para posibilitar la comprensión y el desarrollo del pensamiento crítico.

  7. [Pauciarticular juvenile chronic arthritis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hertzberger-ten Cate, R; Fiselier, T

    1991-10-01

    On basis of clinical and immunogenetic factors most children with pauciarticular juvenile chronic arthritis can be included in one of the subtypes: type 1 and type 2 pauciarticular JCA. Type 1 occurs in young children, mainly girls, with involvement of knees, ankles or elbows. In the majority of children antinuclear antibodies can be detected. The presence of these autoantibodies is associated with chronic anterior uveitis. Type 2 or the juvenile spondylarthropathies include morbus Bechterew, the reactive arthritides and arthritis associated with psoriasis and inflammatory bowel diseases. Large joints of the lower extremities are involved, back pain is unusual at onset, but enthesitis is frequently present. There is a strong association with HLA-B27. Treatment of both subsets consists of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, application of intra-articular steroids, physio- and hydrotherapy and splinting. In children with a polyarticular course of type 1, or a prolonged course of type 2 disease modifying drugs are often needed. PMID:1957301

  8. Late Onset Juvenile Xanthogranuloma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Punithwavathy K

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available A 19 year old female was seen with multiple skin coloured and hyperpigmented macules, discrete as well as grouped papules and nodules of varying sizes distributed over the face, neck, extensor and flexor aspects of both upper and lower extremities including joints. The trunk was spared. Some of the lesions showed features of spontaneous regression. Investigations confirmed the diagnosis of juvenile xanthogranuloma. Lesions regressed satisfactorily with liquid nitrogen cryotherapy.

  9. Juvenile myasthenia gravis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meenakshi Kalyan

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Juvenile myasthenia gravis is a rare disorder acquired in childhood, representing 10% to 15% of all cases of myasthenia gravis. Like the adult form, it is generally characterized by an autoimmune attack on acetylcholine receptors at the neuromuscular junction. Most patients present with ptosis, diplopia, and fatigability. More advanced cases may also have bulbar problems and limb weakness and may progress to paralysis of the respiratory muscles.

  10. Fetal and juvenile radiotoxicity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this project they have obtained comparative information on the deposition, distribution, retention, and toxicity of several radionuclides in prenatal and juvenile mammals. The primary approach is quantitative, even though the specific values cannot necessarily be directly extrapolated to man. Accordingly, efforts are directed at identifying patterns, determining phenomenologic interactions, and investigating mechanisms. The resulting relationships are being used by standards-setting groups for developing meaningful radiological protection practices for rapidly growing infants or children and for pregnant women. Injection of neonatal, juvenile and weanling rats with 233U citrate did not affect the growth of neonates, but growth of juveniles relative to controls was equivocally suppressed, and weanlings had significant growth depression. These 233U exposures produced little mortality in any age group and did not affect mortality in rats subsequently injected with HgCl2. Analyses are in progress to identify patterns associated with placental transfer and fetoplacental deposition values for radionuclides and to help them understand their differences and similarities

  11. Juvenile Ultracool Dwarfs

    CERN Document Server

    Rice, Emily L; Cruz, Kelle; Barman, Travis; Looper, Dagny; Malo, Lison; Mamajek, Eric E; Metchev, Stanimir; Shkolnik, Evgenya L

    2011-01-01

    Juvenile ultracool dwarfs are late spectral type objects (later than ~M6) with ages between 10 Myr and several 100 Myr. Their age-related properties lie intermediate between very low mass objects in nearby star-forming regions (ages 1-5 Myr) and field stars and brown dwarfs that are members of the disk population (ages 1-5 Gyr). Kinematic associations of nearby young stars with ages from ~10-100 Myr provide sources for juvenile ultracool dwarfs. The lowest mass confirmed members of these groups are late-M dwarfs. Several apparently young L dwarfs and a few T dwarfs are known, but they have not been kinematically associated with any groups. Normalizing the field IMF to the high mass population of these groups suggests that more low mass (mainly late-M and possibly L dwarf) members have yet to be found. The lowest mass members of these groups, along with low mass companions to known young stars, provide benchmark objects with which spectroscopic age indicators for juvenile ultracool dwarfs can be calibrated and...

  12. Genomas y cromosomas. Algunas certezas entre las tantas preguntas de los últimos 10 años.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mudry Marta Dolores

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En el año 2000 se presentó lo que se dio en llamar nuestro libro de la vida, el primer borrador del Genoma Humano. Aquello generó grandes expectativas por sus potenciales aplicaciones en beneficio de las ciencias biológicas. ¿Qué ha sucedido 10 años después? Se conoce cuántos genes tenemos en nuestro genoma y se analizó la función de algunos de ellos. Se conocen las secuencias de los genomas de unos 14 mamíferos y borradores o genomas completos de otros numerosos vertebrados, invertebrados, hongos, plantas y diversos microorganismos. Sin embargo, el estudio del genoma no se limita a la mera descripción de las secuencias que lo componen. Las respuestas que demos abarcarán enfoques muy diversos desde evolución y conservación de la biodiversidad hasta terapia génica y transformación maligna, donde el estudio de las respuestas individuales y poblacionales utiliza fuentes de información tanto pasadas como actuales sobre estos genomas en estudio. Así, los avances en ciencia siempre son provisorios y por tanto, pasibles de continuarse, completarse e incluso reinterpretarse ya que van surgiendo nuevas preguntas a medida que avanzamos en el conocimiento.

  13. Sweaty Sock Syndrome (Juvenile Plantar Dermatosis)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... rash and rashes clinical tools newsletter | contact Share | Sweaty Sock Syndrome (Juvenile Plantar Dermatosis) A parent's guide ... the feet typical to juvenile plantar dermatosis. Overview Sweaty sock syndrome (juvenile plantar dermatosis) is a condition ...

  14. Genetics Home Reference: juvenile myoclonic epilepsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home Health Conditions juvenile myoclonic epilepsy juvenile myoclonic epilepsy Enable Javascript to view the expand/collapse boxes. ... PDF Open All Close All Description Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is a condition characterized by recurrent seizures (epilepsy). ...

  15. Genetics Home Reference: juvenile idiopathic arthritis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home Health Conditions juvenile idiopathic arthritis juvenile idiopathic arthritis Enable Javascript to view the expand/collapse boxes. ... All Open All Close All Description Juvenile idiopathic arthritis refers to a group of conditions involving joint ...

  16. Miastenia gravis juvenil Juvenile myasthenia gravis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Papazian

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La miastenia gravis juvenil (MGJ es un trastorno crónico auto inmune en el cual existen anticuerpos séricos que al unirse a los receptores de acetilcolin nicotínicos de la membrana muscular de la placa motora alteran la transmisión neuromuscular. El resultado es fatiga muscular precoz con progresión a la parálisis durante estados de contracción muscular iterativos (movimientos o sostenidos (posturas y más raramente parálisis permanente durante el reposo. Los músculos inervados por los nervios craneales, especialmente los extraoculares y elevadores de los párpados, tienen más tendencia a la debilidad muscular persistente que los inervados por otros pares craneales y las extremidades. Las formas clínicas de presentación son generalizadas, oculares y respiratorias. El diagnóstico se sospecha mediante la anamnesia, la fatiga anormal se comprueba mediante el examen físico y la estimulación eléctrica iterativa del nervio que inerva al músculo afectado pero no paralizado. Se corrobora mediante la administración de inhibidores de la acetilcolin esterasa (IACE que al aumentar la cantidad de acetilcolin en la hendidura sináptica, corrigen la fatiga o la debilidad muscular transitoriamente. Se hace el diagnóstico de certeza mediante la demostración sérica de anticuerpos contra los receptores de acetilcolin (ACRA. El tratamiento es a largo plazo sintomático con IACE y etiopatogénico con inmunosupresores, plasmaféresis, gamma globulina endovenosa y timectomía. El curso es crónico. La remisión espontánea o después de tratamiento sintomático o etiopatogénico ocurre entre 1-10 años respectivamente. La mortalidad es prácticamente nula aun durantes las crisis miastenias gracias a la educación de padres, pacientes y público en general sobre el tema, al desarrollo del sistema de respuesta rápida de auxilio domiciliario y las unidades de cuidados intensivos y el empleo de la ventilación asistida profiláctica, plasmaféresis y

  17. Juvenile Dermatomyositis in Pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony Emeka Madu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Juvenile dermatomyositis has variable clinical presentations both in and outside of pregnancy. A literature review indicated that optimal maternal and fetal outcomes can be anticipated when the pregnancy is undertaken while the disease is in remission. Poorer outcomes are associated with flare-up of the disease in early pregnancy compared with exacerbation in the second or third trimester, when fetal prognosis is usually good. We present a case of JDM in pregnancy with disease exacerbation late in pregnancy and review of the relevant literature.

  18. Comparative bacteriology of juvenile periodontitis.

    OpenAIRE

    Moore, W E; Holdeman, L V; Cato, E P; Smibert, R M; Burmeister, J A; Palcanis, K G; Ranney, R R

    1985-01-01

    Statistical comparisons of the floras associated with juvenile periodontitis, severe periodontitis, and moderate periodontitis indicated that differences in the bacterial compositions of affected sites in these populations were not statistically significant. The subgingival flora of affected juvenile periodontitis sites was statistically significantly different from the adjacent supragingival flora and from the subgingival floras of people with healthy gingiva and of children with developing ...

  19. Preguntas que no preguntan

    OpenAIRE

    Martinell Gifre, Emma

    1992-01-01

    This article, based upon a lecture delivered at the University of Alcalá de Henares in May 1990, during a Jornadas para la enseñanza del español como lengua extranjera, examines constructions that, in their emission, are characterized by an intonation peculiar to the Spanish interrogative scheme; and which, in their transcription, are denoted by interrogative marks, even though their production is not due to a desire to obtain information. The author's interest in these cons...

  20. Mental Illness and Juvenile Offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Underwood, Lee A; Washington, Aryssa

    2016-02-01

    Within the past decade, reliance on the juvenile justice system to meet the needs of juvenile offenders with mental health concerns has increased. Due to this tendency, research has been conducted on the effectiveness of various intervention and treatment programs/approaches with varied success. Recent literature suggests that because of interrelated problems involved for youth in the juvenile justice system with mental health issues, a dynamic system of care that extends beyond mere treatment within the juvenile justice system is the most promising. The authors provide a brief overview of the extent to which delinquency and mental illness co-occur; why treatment for these individuals requires a system of care; intervention models; and the juvenile justice systems role in providing mental health services to delinquent youth. Current and future advancements and implications for practitioners are provided. PMID:26901213

  1. Miranda Rights: Implications for Juveniles with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katsiyannis, Antonis; Barrett, David E.; Losinski, Mickey L.

    2011-01-01

    Juvenile delinquency in the United States has been a persistent concern for decades. Consequently, because more juveniles have been referred to juvenile court and the arrest rate of preteen offenders has increased to almost three times that of older youth, the persistent and often controversial issue of the capacity of juvenile offenders to waive…

  2. Do juvenile Amphiprion ocellaris (Pisces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brolund, Thea Marie; Nielsen, Lis Engdahl; Arvedlund, Michael

    2003-01-01

    results indicate that juvenile A. ocellaris recognize conspecifics visually rather than by olfaction. This is contrary to their finding mechanism of their host anemone. However, the results also indicate that the juvenile A ocellaris are neither attracted nor deterred by the presence of conspecifics. This...... is contrary to the settling mechanisms of the damselfish D. aruanus and D. reticulatus, and of the temperate herring Clupea harengus. Hence the results emphasize the variation of sensory abilities and behaviours in fish larvae and juveniles. It is not an area prone for generalizations....

  3. Fetal and juvenile radiotoxicity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A number of studies conducted under this project have demonstrated that many of the biological parameters used to calculate permissible levels of exposure of adults to radioactive materials are inappropriate for the rapidly growing infant or child or for the pregnant female. These include age-related differences in radionuclide deposition, distribution, and retention and associated differences in microdosimetry, as well as the greater intrinsic radiosensitivity of the immature organism. These findings emphasize the need for more detailed information on the metabolism and toxicity of radionuclides in the prenatal and juvenile mammal. The continuing objective of this project is to obtain such information, which is needed to establish appropriate exposure limits for radionuclides of greatest potential hazard to these age groups

  4. Bilateral, independent juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mørkenborg, Marie-Louise; Frendø, M; Stavngaard, T;

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma is a benign, vascular tumour that primarily occurs in adolescent males. Despite its benign nature, aggressive growth patterns can cause potential life-threatening complications. Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma is normally unilateral, originati...... with bilateral symptoms. Our management, including successful pre-operative planning, enabled one-step total removal of both tumours and rapid patient recovery....... from the sphenopalatine artery, but bilateral symptoms can occur if a large tumour extends to the contralateral side of the nasopharynx. This paper presents the first reported case of true bilateral extensive juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma involving clinically challenging pre-surgical planning...... bilateral embolisation. Radical removal performed as one-step, computer-assisted functional endoscopic sinus surgery was performed. The follow-up period was uncomplicated. CONCLUSION: This case illustrates the importance of suspecting bilateral juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma in patients presenting...

  5. Técnicas de comunicación creativas en el aula: escucha activa, el arte de la pregunta, la gestión de los silencios

    OpenAIRE

    Hernando Gómez, Ángel; Aguaded Gómez, José Ignacio; Pérez Rodríguez, María Amor

    2011-01-01

    En el presente trabajo se describe la importancia de la comunicación en los contextos docentes; se exponen determinadas herramientas como la escucha activa, el arte de la pregunta, la gestión de los silencios y la forma de hablar en público y se presentan técnicas específicas: debate con contradebate y compromiso, esquema de resolución de problemas, dictado de figuras geométricas, etc. que pueden ser utilizadas en los escenarios docentes. Como principales conclusiones se destac...

  6. Einstein y Freud. La pregunta por la ética en la ciencia // Einstein and Freud. The question of ethics in science

    OpenAIRE

    María Cristina Machado Toro

    2011-01-01

    Basado en el interés de dos grandes pensadores de comienzos del siglo XX, Albert Einstein y Sigmund Freud, el presente artículo retoma la pregunta fundamental por la ética en la ciencia, diferenciándola de la ética de “la ciencia” como entidad autónoma, para finalmente hacer un llamado al sujeto y su responsabilidad en el hacer científico. // Taking up again the interest of two great thinkers of the beginning of the 20th century, Albert Einstein and Sigmund Freud, this article returns to the ...

  7. Investigación en odontología: Pregunta, búsqueda de información y diseño de estudios.

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Aravena

    2012-01-01

    RESUMEN El concepto de odontología basada en la evidencia (OBE) ha causado gran impacto e interés en la ciencia odontológica. Para su desarrollo es importante el uso de protocolos de investigación y diseños de estudios acorde al problema a investigar. El objetivo de esta revisión es presentar aspectos básicos para el inicio de una investigación cuantitativa en odontología. Se expresan los tópicos necesarios para transformar un problema de investigación a una pregunta con enfoque clínico. Lueg...

  8. Probióticos y enterocolitis necrotizante del prematuro: to NEC or not to NEC?, ésta es la pregunta

    OpenAIRE

    Javier González de Dios; María González Muñoz

    2013-01-01

    Introducción: La enterocolitis necrotizante (NEC) es la urgencia abdominal adquirida más frecuente en el recién nacido y ocasiona importante morbi-mortalidad. Una estrategia preventiva es la administración de probióticos orales para la prevención de NEC en prematuros. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar la eficacia y seguridad de los probióticos orales en prematuros para intentar responder a la pregunta: probióticos orales en Neonatología, ¿sí o no? Material y métodos: Se planteó un esque...

  9. La respuesta correcta en las preguntas de elección múltiple (PEM): un estudio sobre 42 pruebas objetivas de segundo curso de Medicina

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Herrero, Joaquín de; Fernández Jover, Eduardo; Cuenca Navarro, Nicolás; Cerezo La Porta, José Ramón

    1985-01-01

    Se presentan los resultados del estudio de 2048 Preguntas de Elección Mútiple (PEM), procedentes de 42 exámenes aplicados a los alumnos de segundo curso de Medicina. Todas estas PEM se han construido espontáneamente, es decir, sin tener en cuenta reglas docimológicas, lo que las convierte en material idóneo para estudiar la tendencia de los profesores a colocar la respuesta correcta, así como a ubicar 1a respuesta incorrecta por parte de los alumnos. Los resultados muestran una clara tendenci...

  10. ¿Hay un arte islámico? Una posible pregunta sobre el estatuto del arte islámico, desde una perspectiva occidental

    OpenAIRE

    Vélez León, Paulo

    2012-01-01

    [ES]¿La pregunta por el estatuto –onto-epistemológico- del arte es plausible aplicarla a cualquier contexto y dominio cultural? Algunos autores afirman que sí, sin remordimiento alguno, frente a esta posición en este artículo: [1] se hace una sumarísima descripción bibliográfica de los debates acerca de esta problemática, [2] se plantea el problema del estatuto del arte, dentro del marco sostenido por Belting y Lessing, y [3] en correspondencia con lo anterior, se indica sumariamente las difi...

  11. EL EXAMEN DE PREGUNTA ABIERTA: EXPERIENCIA EN EL CURSO DE PARASITOLOGÍA Open question evaluation: experience in a parasitology of course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ligia Inés Moncada A

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Antecedente . El origen de la evaluación se remonta a la China antigua, cuando Comenio instauró el uso del examen, al cual se le daban varias funciones evaluativas de alumnos, no profesores y métodos. Objetivo . Evaluar después de ocho años la experiencia con el uso de pregunta abierta en la unidad de Parasitología. Material y métodos . Se realizó una encuesta anónima semiestructurada en la que se contemplaron aspectos demográficos de los estudiantes y la percepción que tenían sobre las ventajas y desventajas de la pregunta abierta y la preferencia sobre los métodos de aprendizaje utilizados en parasitología. Con el fin de comparar los resultados del examen en pregunta abierta con los de selección múltiple, se hicieron dos instrumentos que abordaban los mismos temas: uno en pregunta abierta y el otro de selección múltiple. Resultados . Respondieron 53 de 103 estudiantes, 58,5 por ciento del género masculino, la mayor frecuencia etárea está fue 19 años. El 71,15 por ciento prefieren las preguntas en las que ellos mismos generen la respuesta y 9,61 las pruebas de selección múltiple. La pregunta de escogencia múltiple se concibe como una forma mas fácil de contestar un examen, además que proporcionaba pistas de las respuestas e influía mucho el azar, mientras que la pregunta abierta como instrumento de evaluación sobresalen las respuestas en las que este tipo de pregunta se percibe como una metodología que les induce a estudiar mejor ya que aumenta la calidad del estudio, mejora la competencia de escritor y elimina el azar. Discusión . La utilización de las pruebas con pregunta abierta es muy importante ya que en este trabajo se encontró que cuando el estudiante sabe que este es el instrumento a utilizar aborda de una manera mas profunda su estudio, además que con la utilización de la retroalimentación se convierte en un método de aprendizaje, que mejora su competencia escritural .Background . The origin of

  12. Fetal and juvenile radiotoxicity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This project is directed at obtaining detailed comparative information on the deposition, distribution, retention, and toxicity of radionuclides in the prenatal and juvenile mammal. Because quantitative data cannot necessarily be extrapolated to man, our emphasis is directed toward establishing patterns, phenomenologic interactions, and relationships which will be useful in determining appropriate exposure levels for the rapidly growing infant or child, and for pregnant women. Recent results demonstrated that injection of pregnant rats with 23Pu had the greatest effect on longevity and bone-tumor incidence of the offspring when exposure occurred at 19 days of gestation (dg); less effect at 15 dg and the least effect at 9 dg. Ongoing distribution studies are providing data which confirm our tentative explanation that marked variations in the anatomic distributions of bone tumors, with age at the time of injection, were attributable to age-related differences in 239Pu microdosimetry and concentrations among skeletal components. Other studies, using a placental perfusion technique, have demonstrated that intravenous injection of 239Pu in pregnant guinea pigs leads to a marked decrease in maternal blood flow to the placenta

  13. JUVENILE RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I N Sartika

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA is the most common rheumatic condition in children. JRA is defined as persistent arthritis in 1 or more joints for at least 6 weeks, with the onset before age 16 years. The etiology of JRA is unknown. Antigen activated CD4+ T cell stimulate monocytes, macrophages, and synovial fibroblasts to produce the cytokines Interleukin-1 (IL-1, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor ? (TNF-? and to secrete matrix metalloproteinases, which lead to chronic inflammation due to infiltration of inflammatory cell, angiogenesis, destruction of cartilage and bone with pannus formation. The 3 major subtypes of JRA are based on the symptoms at disease onset and are designated systemic onset, pauciarticular onset, and polyarticular onset. For all patients, the goals of therapy are to decrease chronic joint pain and suppress the inflammatory process. Poor prognostic have been observed in patients with polyarticular onset, rheumatoid factor, persistent morning stiffness, tenosynovitis, involvement of the small joints, rapid appearance of erosions, active late onset childhood, subcutaneous nodules, or antinuclear antibody.

  14. Fetal and juvenile radiotoxicity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This project is directed at obtaining detailed comparative information on the deposition, distribution, retention, and toxicity of radionuclides in the prenatal and juvenile mammal. Because quantitative data cannot necessarily be extrapolated to man, emphasis is also directed toward establishing patterns, phenomenologic interactions, and relationships which will be useful in determining appropriate exposure levels for rapidly growing infants or children and for pregnant women. Further dosimetry for an experiment to evaluate the effects of foster-rearing of newborn rats on the lifetime effects of 239Pu exposure has demonstrated that most of the lifetime burden is derived from prenatal exposure and that milk contributes little in addition. Other measurements have confirmed a tentative observation that the lifetime burden in offspring is greater with near-term exposure than with exposure earlier in gestation. Additional results from a comparison of the embryotoxicity of 239Pu and 241Am have confirmed that, on the basis of dose administered to the dam, the former has a greater effect on the conceptus. Pilot studies indicate that 233U is teratogenic, acting as a chemical rather than as a radiological teratogen. Studies with 239Pu-exposed pregnant rabbits have shown that maternal distribution differs from that in rodents; concentration patterns in the placenta and membranes also differed. 4 figures, 1 table

  15. La formulación de preguntas en el aula de clase: una evidencia de aprendizaje significativo crítico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia López

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se muestran los principales resultados de un estudio que tuvo como propósito valorar la implementación de una propuesta didáctica constituida por diferentes actividades de modelación computacional haciendo uso del diagrama AVM - Adaptación de la V de Gowin a la Modelación Computacional -, así como su contribución en la habilidad adquirida por los estudiantes para formular preguntas en la clase de Física. El estudio fue realizado con un grupo de siete estudiantes de Física de la Universidad de Antioquia, Colombia; y estuvo fundamentado en la Teoría del Aprendizaje Significativo Crítico de Moreira basada en las ideas de Postman y Weingartner de la enseñanza como una actividad subversiva- y en la modelación computacional con diagrama AVM. Los principales hallazgos develan que la implementación de la propuesta didáctica favoreció un progreso significativo en la habilidad de los estudiantes para formular preguntas de interés sobre la dinámica Newtoniana como campo de conocimiento.

  16. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To determine the spectrum of clinical presentation, laboratory parameters and drug therapy in patients with Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA). Study Design: Case series. Place and Duration of Study: The Children's Hospital and The Institute of Child Health, Lahore, from October 2008 to October 2011. Methodology: All patients who fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology criteria for JRA were enrolled. Their clinical features, investigations done and treatment received for JRA were noted. Statistical analysis of data was done on SPSS version 16.0 for obtaining descriptive statistics. Results: Out of 185 patients, 50.3% (n = 93) were females; 54% (n = 100) were between 10 - 15 years of age. Polyarthritis was found in 71.9% (n = 133) followed by oligoarthritis (22.7%, n = 42) and systemic onset disease (5.4%, n = 10). Morning stiffness (78%) and fever (68%) were the most common clinical presentations. All patients with systemic onset disease had fever (n = 10) followed by skin rash, hepatosplenomegaly and lymphadenopathy. Uveitis was found in 2 patients, and both belonged to the oligoarticular group. Rheumatoid factor was found in 10.27% (n = 19) of all patients. All patients were given non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Disease modifying agents (methotrexate) were given to 43.8% (n = 81). Steroids were used in 61% (n = 113) of patients either with NSAIDs alone or NSAIDs plus methotrexate. Conclusion: Disease profile of JRA at the study centre showed that polyarthritis is the commonest type. Recognition of subtypes will help in planning the management of these patients. (author)

  17. New Treatments Helping Kids with Juvenile Arthritis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 159984.html New Treatments Helping Kids With Juvenile Arthritis Several biologics have been approved by the FDA ... 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- New treatments for juvenile arthritis offer hope to children with the chronic autoimmune ...

  18. Characteristics of adopted juvenile delinquents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, W J; Zrull, J P; Davenport, C W; Weaver, M

    1992-05-01

    There have been many reports describing the uniqueness of adopted children and adolescents' delinquent behaviors in terms of both their delinquent characteristics and courts' treatment of them. A total of 43 adopted juveniles, 32 extrafamilial (1.0%) and 11 intrafamilial (0.3%) adoptions were initially identified out of 3,280 juvenile delinquents. The adopted subjects were then compared with the demographically matched and offense matched nonadopted subjects. The family variables, such as marital and employment status of parents, were significantly different. However, there were only a few discernible trends, and in general there were no significant differences between the adopted and nonadopted juveniles in terms of their offense characteristics and dispositions. PMID:1592787

  19. Notion and features of juvenile delinquency

    OpenAIRE

    Мозгова, Вікторія Анатоліївна

    2014-01-01

    The article discussed the essence of crime as a social phenomenon, especially its kind such as juvenile delinquency and formulated the practical notion of it, which will allow for an empirical study of this phenomenon on the basis of which to plan and conduct effective operations to counter juvenile criminal manifestations. English abstractV. Mozgova Notion and features of juvenile delinquencyThe juvenile delinquency has always been and remains one of the most actual social and legal problems...

  20. Juvenile technologies in foreign publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shpagina E.M.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The article provides the review of foreign publications, concerning the juvenile technologies used in France, Canada, Germany and Switzerland. The paper presents legal, social and psychotherapeutic aspects of juvenile judiciary in foreign countries. The authors paid special attention to the complexity of approaches to young children and teenagers who found themselves in complicated life circumstances or got into trouble with the law. The article gives examples of using the following techniques: cognitive-behavioral intervention, mediation, family therapy (including family background and family history, relations theory, narrative practices, utilization of «emotional intelligence» resources.

  1. Sex Differences in Attributions of Juvenile Delinquency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagatun, Inger J.

    This paper is an application of attribution theory to the processing of juvenile delinquents in an attempt to understand the differential treatment of female and male offenders within the juvenile justice system. The paper explores the attributions of juvenile delinquency both by male and female minors, by male and female parents, and by male and…

  2. Guidelines for Juvenile Information Sharing. OJJDP Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mankey, Jennifer; Baca, Patricia; Rondenell, Stephanie; Webb, Marilyn; McHugh, Denise

    2006-01-01

    The juvenile information sharing (JIS) guidelines were prepared by the Center for Network Development (CND) for the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). The guidelines suggest a course of action for key agency and organization stakeholders involved in a state or local effort to implement and sustain juvenile information…

  3. Reforming Our Expectations about Juvenile Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, Pamela F.; Baille, Daphne M.

    2010-01-01

    Typing the term "juvenile justice reform" into a Google[TM] search will result in 60 pages of entries. But what is meant by juvenile justice reform? What does it look like? How will one know when it is achieved? This article defines juvenile justice reform, discusses the principles of effective reform, and describes the practice of juvenile…

  4. On the Prevention of Juvenile Crime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lelekov, V. A.; Kosheleva, E. V.

    2008-01-01

    Crimes committed by juveniles are among the most urgent social problems. Juvenile crime is as prevalent as crime itself is, and it has not been solved completely in any society and cannot be solved through law enforcement measures alone. In this article, the authors discuss the dynamics and structure of juvenile crime in Russia and present data…

  5. Genetic alterations and epithelial dysplasia in juvenile polyposis syndrome and sporadic juvenile polyps.

    OpenAIRE

    Wu, T. T.; Rezai, B.; Rashid, A.; Luce, M.C.; Cayouette, M. C.; Kim, C.; Sani, N.; Mishra, L; Moskaluk, C A; Yardley, J. H.; Hamilton, S R

    1997-01-01

    Juvenile polyps are regarded as hamartomatous polyps and occur in sporadic and familial syndromic settings. There is increased risk of gastrointestinal neoplasia in patients with juvenile polyposis syndrome, but the molecular mechanisms are not known. We therefore studied 78 colorectal juvenile polyposis from 12 patients with juvenile polyps syndrome and 34 sporadic juvenile polyps for epithelial dysplasia and genetic changes associated with colorectal neoplasia. Dysplasia occurred in 31% of ...

  6. Elaboración de preguntas científicas escolares en clases de biología : aportes a la discusión sobre las competencias de pensamiento científico desde un estudio de caso

    OpenAIRE

    Joglar Campos, Carol Lindy

    2015-01-01

    Saber elaborar buenas preguntas en las clases de ciencias para promover en el estudiantado competencias de pensamiento científico (CPC) es un conocimiento necesario e indiscutible entre el profesorado. Sin embargo, esta afirmación no siempre es una realidad. En especial, para la enseñanza de asignaturas experimentales tiene impactos relevantes, ya que una buena pregunta está en el bosquejo del proceso creativo de la ciencia y puede promover en el estudiantado procesos mentales de orden superi...

  7. [Sex-linked juvenile retinoschisis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    François, P; Turut, P; Soltysik, C; Hache, J C

    1976-02-01

    About 13 observations of sexe linked juvenile retinoschisis, the authors describe the ophthalmoscopic, fluorographic and functional aspects of the disease whose caracteristics are:--its sexe linked recessive heredity; --its clinical characterestics associating: a microcystic macular degeneration, peripheral retinal lesions, vitreous body alterations, --an electroretinogram of the negative type. PMID:132916

  8. Respuestas de J.R. Kantor y de B.F. Skinner a las preguntas epistemológicas básicas

    OpenAIRE

    Blanca Patricia Ballesteros; Amanda Rey

    2001-01-01

    Diferentes variables académicas, científicas y sociales hacen necesario el escrutinio de las categorías de clase de los diferentes conductismos en un marco epistemológico. El presente artículo hace una comparación entre el Interconductismo de J. R. Kantor y el Conductismo Radical de B. F. Skinner. Las preguntas para las cuales se identifican las posturas de cada autor y su evolución histórica son: (1) ¿Qué es conocimiento?, (2) ¿Qué se conoce?, (3) ¿Cómo se conoce?, (4) ¿Para qué se ...

  9. Biologic therapies for juvenile arthritis

    OpenAIRE

    Wilkinson, N; Jackson, G.; Gardner-Medwin, J.

    2003-01-01

    A group of therapies with exciting potential has emerged for children and young people with severe juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) uncontrolled by conventional disease modifying drugs. Theoretical understanding from molecular biologic research has identified specific targets within pathophysiological pathways that control rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and JIA. This review identifies the pathways of autoimmunity to begin to show how biologic agents have been produced to replicate, mimic, or bl...

  10. Social reward among juvenile mice

    OpenAIRE

    Panksepp, J.B.; Lahvis, G P

    2007-01-01

    Mammalian social relationships, such as mother–offspring attachments and pair bonds, can directly affect reproductive output. However, conspecifics approach one another in a comparatively broad range of contexts, so conceivably there are motivations for social congregation other than those underlying reproduction, parental care or territoriality. Here, we show that reward mediated by social contact is a fundamental aspect of juvenile mouse sociality. Employing a novel social conditioned place...

  11. Juvenile morphology in baleen whale phylogeny

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Cheng-Hsiu; Fordyce, R. Ewan

    2014-09-01

    Phylogenetic reconstructions are sensitive to the influence of ontogeny on morphology. Here, we use foetal/neonatal specimens of known species of living baleen whales (Cetacea: Mysticeti) to show how juvenile morphology of extant species affects phylogenetic placement of the species. In one clade (sei whale, Balaenopteridae), the juvenile is distant from the usual phylogenetic position of adults, but in the other clade (pygmy right whale, Cetotheriidae), the juvenile is close to the adult. Different heterochronic processes at work in the studied species have different influences on juvenile morphology and on phylogenetic placement. This study helps to understand the relationship between evolutionary processes and phylogenetic patterns in baleen whale evolution and, more in general, between phylogeny and ontogeny; likewise, this study provides a proxy how to interpret the phylogeny when fossils that are immature individuals are included. Juvenile individuals in the peramorphic acceleration clades would produce misleading phylogenies, whereas juvenile individuals in the paedomorphic neoteny clades should still provide reliable phylogenetic signals.

  12. Probióticos y enterocolitis necrotizante del prematuro: to NEC or not to NEC?, ésta es la pregunta

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    Javier González de Dios

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La enterocolitis necrotizante (NEC es la urgencia abdominal adquirida más frecuente en el recién nacido y ocasiona importante morbi-mortalidad. Una estrategia preventiva es la administración de probióticos orales para la prevención de NEC en prematuros. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar la eficacia y seguridad de los probióticos orales en prematuros para intentar responder a la pregunta: probióticos orales en Neonatología, ¿sí o no? Material y métodos: Se planteó un esquema de trabajo en base a los cinco pasos característicos de la Medicina basada en la evidencia o en pruebas científicas (MBE: 1 pregunta, 2 búsqueda, 3 valoración, 4 aplicabilidad y 5 adecuación. Las búsquedas electrónicas se realizaron en bases de datos internacionales (Tripdatabase, Cochrane Collaboration, National Guideline Clearinghouse, Guia-Salud, INHATA, Medline, SciELO y nacionales (índice Médico Español, índice Bibliográfico Español en Ciencias de la Salud y MEDES. Resultados: Se seleccionaron 8 revisiones sistemáticas (RS que respondían a la pregunta clínica, publicadas entre los años 2007 y 2012, y que incluyen la mejor información disponible (como ensayos clínicos. El riesgo de muerte disminuía significativamente en los grupos de administración de probióticos en todas las RS, con un riesgo relativo (RR entre 0,40 y 0,56. El riesgo de NEC disminuía significativamente en los grupos de administración de probióticos en todas las RS, con un RR entre 0,32 y 0,36. El riesgo de sepsis no difería significativamente entre grupos. Conclusión: Los hallazgos de las 8 RS muestran, de forma consistente, que los probióticos orales ofrecen una prevención potencial en la morbi-mortalidad secundaria a NEC. Sin embargo, estos datos deben interpretarse con cautela dado que los efectos beneficiosos de los probióticos son específicos de cepa, por lo que, agrupar datos de diferentes cepas puede conllevar a conclusiones err

  13. Programs of restorative justice for juveniles

    OpenAIRE

    Karnozova L.M.

    2012-01-01

    Modern world tendencies of juvenile justice are discussed in this article. International recommendations as an answer to juvenile delinquency focuses on the necessity to find justice alternative. They should take into account the specific of work with juveniles such as upbringing & social adaptation. Among the options mediation of delinquent & victim found its place. It is a type of restorative justice. It focuses on the requirements of victim & responsibility of delinquent in form of injury ...

  14. An unusual presentation of juvenile lupus nephritis

    OpenAIRE

    Malleshwar Bottu; Manjusha Yadla; Srikanth Burri; Megha Uppin

    2016-01-01

    The incidence of juvenile lupus varies widely ranging between 4 and 250 per 100,000 population. Most common organ involvement in juvenile lupus is kidney. Neurological, cutaneous and hematological involvements are also involved. Skeletal muscle involvement in the form of myositis is rare. Myositis as presenting manifestation in juvenile lupus is also unusual. Herein, we report one such case wherein myositis preceded the onset of lupus nephritis

  15. An unusual presentation of juvenile lupus nephritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malleshwar Bottu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The incidence of juvenile lupus varies widely ranging between 4 and 250 per 100,000 population. Most common organ involvement in juvenile lupus is kidney. Neurological, cutaneous and hematological involvements are also involved. Skeletal muscle involvement in the form of myositis is rare. Myositis as presenting manifestation in juvenile lupus is also unusual. Herein, we report one such case wherein myositis preceded the onset of lupus nephritis

  16. Black Juveniles in the Juvenile Justice System: A Cause for Alarm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LeFlore, Larry

    This report examines the representation of black youth in the juvenile justice system, describes changes in juvenile justice philosophy, and discusses policy implications. Black youth are overrepresented at all stages of the juvenile justice system compared to white youth. Positivist theories explain this overrepresentation as the result of…

  17. National Implications in Juvenile Justice: The Influence of Juvenile Mentoring Programs on At Risk Youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belshaw, Scott H.; Kritsonis, William Allan

    2007-01-01

    In 1972 the federal government created the Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention Act that procured funding for various governmental programs to combat the sudden increase in juvenile crime. A provision of this Act set out the creation of mentoring programs to help decrease the juvenile crime rate and dropout rates in secondary schools. This…

  18. Runaway Juvenile Crime? The Context of Juvenile Arrests in America. Research in Brief.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziedenberg, Jason; Schiraldi, Vincent

    The Violent and Repeat Juvenile Offender Act of 1997 (S-10) was to be debated in the Senate in spring 1998. This bill would blur the distinction between juvenile and adult criminal systems, making it easier to imprison children as young as 14. Supporters of S-10 were citing statistics to indicate that juvenile crime was on the rise. In fact, the…

  19. Clinical medicine for Intensive Care especialists. Questions to an expert. Medicina clínica para intensivistas. Preguntas a un experto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Francisco Rocha Hernández

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Conception, organization, and development of Intensive Care Medicine is one of the greatest contribution that medical care services brought to the professional practice of doctors and paramedic personnel in the second part of the 20th centrury. In our country, since the 70’s years, this field was incorporated in our National Health System to the daily work of our professionals as to the patients expectations, in an almost an imperceptible way. Twenty polemical questions were asked to an expert, about several current dilemmas in this field. The questions and the answes are only a motivation for new debates in medical services, in medical education activities and in research.La Medicina Intensiva, su concepción, su organización, su desarrollo, constituye indiscutiblemente uno de los mayores aportes que los servicios de asistencia médica hicieron a la práctica profesional de médicos y personal paramédico en la segunda mitad del siglo XX. En nuestro país, a partir de la década de los años 70 se fue incorporando casi imperceptiblemente en nuestro Sistema Nacional de Salud, tanto al quehacer de nuestros profesionales, como a las expectativas de nuestros pacientes. A propósito de un debate suscitado sobre un grupo de dilemas que actualmente existen en este campo y aprovechando la experiencia de un experto en el tema con suficiente experiencia en el mismo, presentamos las 20 preguntas y respuestas que, en torno a este tema, consideramos como más trascendentes. Son sólo una provocación para continuar el debate en los servicios, en las aulas y en las investigaciones. Por el interés del tema el Comité de Redacción ha decidido publicar el presente trabajo como Carta al Editor, especificando que las respuestas a las preguntas representan la opinión del experto consultado.

  20. PERIODISMO, FICCIÓN Y REALIDAD: A PROPÓSITO DE TODO SON PREGUNTAS, EL OJO DE CERRADURA Y SOMBRAS SOBRE SOMBRAS DE JUAN JOSÉ MILLÁS Journalism, Fiction and Reality in Juan José Millás’ Todo son preguntas, El ojo de la cerradura, and Sombras sobre sombras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa González Arce

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Durante los veranos de 2004, 2005 y 2006, el escritor español Juan José Millás publicó una serie de artículos que más tarde dieron lugar a tres recopilaciones tituladas Todo son preguntas, El ojo de la cerradura y Sombras sobre sombras. Entendidos, a la vez, como preguntas y respuestas suscitadas por fotografías aparecidas en la prensa, los tres volúmenes dan cuenta de una poética sostenida por una concepción espacial del mundo que, de manera explícita, remite a la imagen platónica de la caverna. El escritor utiliza la ficción literaria como una herramienta de interpretación de la realidad -representada aquí por la serie de fotografías- y, al hacer esto, pone en entredicho los límites entre la verdad y las apariencias. Agregar sombras a un mundo poblado por simulacros, parece decir Millás, es la única forma de entender algo en este galimatías en el que vivimos.In the summers of 2004, 2005 and 2006 the Spanish writer Juan José Millás published a series of articles that later appeared in three volumes titled Todo son preguntas, El ojo de la cerradura and Sombras sobre sombras. His essays are best understood as a meditation about press photos that inspire both questions and answers, expressing a poetics grounded in a spatial conception of the world that explicitly invokes the platonic image of the cave. The writer utilizes literary fiction as a tool to interpret reality -represented here in the series of photos- and, in so doing, problematizes the limits between truth and appearance. It is only by adding shadows to a world replete with simulacra, Millás seems to say, that we can make any sense of the world at all.

  1. Ni lo mismo ni lo otro: la singularidad de lo juvenil

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    José Fernando Serrano Amaya

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available La pregunta por la “singularidad de lo juvenil”–aquello que permitiría por una parte diferenciar la “juventud” de otras formas de subjetividad y por otra definir lo específico de tal condición–, es uno de los ejes fundamentales en torno a los cuales gira el trabajo de la Línea que sobre Jóvenes y Culturas Juveniles tiene la Universidad Central. Desde allí hemos desarrollado una serie de investigaciones y propuestas conceptuales en constante cuestionamiento que motivan la escritura de este texto. El autor explora la validez conceptual de la noción de “juventud” para dar cuenta de las experiencias de vida de las y los jóvenes y su particularidad en el entorno social mediante un análisis de los discursos que las ciencias sociales han hecho sobre ellos y de las tecnologías para la producción de sujetos desarrolladas en la modernidad.To inquire about “juvenile singularity”–what makes “youthful” different from other forms of subjectivity and what specifies it-, has been one of the research axis in the Youth Studies Area in the Universidad Central. From this point of view we have been developing several researches and theoretical proposals which are the base for this article. The author explores the conceptual validity of the notion of “youthfulness” to talk about young people´s lives and their particularity in society, studying the social sciences discourse about them and the technologies used in modernity to produce social subjects.

  2. Respuestas de J.R. Kantor y de B.F. Skinner a las preguntas epistemológicas básicas

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    Blanca Patricia Ballesteros

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Diferentes variables académicas, científicas y sociales hacen necesario el escrutinio de las categorías de clase de los diferentes conductismos en un marco epistemológico. El presente artículo hace una comparación entre el Interconductismo de J. R. Kantor y el Conductismo Radical de B. F. Skinner. Las preguntas para las cuales se identifican las posturas de cada autor y su evolución histórica son: (1 ¿Qué es conocimiento?, (2 ¿Qué se conoce?, (3 ¿Cómo se conoce?, (4 ¿Para qué se conoce?, y (5 ¿Cuáles son los criterios de validez del conocimiento? La revisión lleva a concluir que aún cuando cada autor desarrolló líneas de trabajo diferentes, ambos compartieron intereses respecto de la psicología como ciencia del comportamiento y coincidieron en fundamentos epistemológicos y ontológicos que han facilitado el desarrollo de nuevos conductismos como es el caso del conductismo empírico y del funcionalismo contextual.

  3. ¿Qué es un Macho? Más preguntas que certezas en el abordaje del género

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    Juan Bautista Branz

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Luego de exhaustivas indagaciones en mundos relacionales diferentes y distantes nos proponemos responder algunos interrogantes sobre los modos en que se presenta la masculinidad en nuestras respectivas investigaciones. El objetivo es reflexionar sobre las operaciones de los actores en dos universos: el rugby y la policía. Primero, nos preguntaremos sobre la representación de género en ambos espacios analizando la solidificación de imágenes y sus fisuras. Luego, intentaremos responder sobre las operaciones de los actores en estas configuraciones. Nos planteamos, entonces, vislumbrar las lógicas de acción de los actores que se incluyen en estos universos de relaciones sociales. En este recorrido se vuelven inevitables reflexiones metodológicas que ayuden a la interpretación de las acciones de nuestros informantes. Reflexiones que colaboran para terminar nuestro recorrido en las preguntas sobre cómo morigerar las representaciones excluyentes y estimular la conformación de espacios inclusivos o diversos.

  4. La pregunta por el cambio social y su conceptualización en términos de contradicción, conflicto y crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Fraga

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo indagaremos en las distintas respuestas que se han dado desde dos grandes paradigmas del pensamiento occidental a la pregunta por el cambio social. En particular, nos interesa rastrear de qué manera las diversas variantes de la perspectiva estructuralista y de la perspectiva historicista han conceptualizado el cambio social, especialmente en términos de contradicción, de conflicto y de crisis. Dentro de la perspectiva estructuralista recorreremos los aportes clásicos de Chalmers Johnson y Gino Germani, para luego pasar a algunos referentes contemporáneos como Theda Skocpol, Peter Evans y Fred Block; dentro de la perspectiva historicista, nos detendremos en los aportes clásicos de Karl Marx y luego en dos referentes del siglo xx como Beverly Silver y Norbert Elias. Hacia el final del trabajo, veremos, entre otras cosas, cómo esta primera división en paradigmas resulta en cierta medida, y para el caso entre manos, obsoleta.

  5. Biologic agents in juvenile spondyloarthropathies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katsicas, María Martha; Russo, Ricardo

    2016-01-01

    The juvenile spondyloarthropathies (JSpA) are a group of related rheumatic diseases characterized by involvement of peripheral large joints, axial joints, and entheses (enthesitis) that begin in the early years of life (prior to 16(th) birthday).The nomenclature and concept of spondyloarthropathies has changed during the last few decades. Although there is not any specific classification of JSpA, diseases under the spondyloarthropathy nomenclature umbrella in the younger patients include: the seronegative enthesitis and arthropathy (SEA) syndrome, juvenile ankylosing spondylitis, reactive arthritis, and inflammatory bowel disease-associated arthritis. Moreover, the ILAR criteria for Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis includes two categories closely related to spondyloarthritis: Enthesitis-related arthritis and psoriatic arthritis.We review the pathophysiology and the use of biological agents in JSpA. JSpA are idiopathic inflammatory diseases driven by an altered balance in the proinflammatory cytokines. There is ample evidence on the role of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin-17 in the physiopathology of these entities. Several non-biologic and biologic agents have been used with conflicting results in the treatment of these complex diseases. The efficacy and safety of anti-TNF agents, such as etanercept, infliximab and adalimumab, have been analysed in controlled and uncontrolled trials, usually showing satisfactory outcomes. Other biologic agents, such as abatacept, tocilizumab and rituximab, have been insufficiently studied and their role in the therapy of SpA is uncertain. Interleukin-17-blocking agents are promising alternatives for the treatment of JSpA patients in the near future. Recommendations for the treatment of patients with JSpA have recently been proposed and are discussed in the present review. PMID:26968522

  6. Juvenile ossifying fibroma: Psammamatoid variant

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    Shivani Aggarwal

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Juvenile ossifying fibroma is a rare fibro-osseous lesion containing variable amount of calcified masses, which resembles bone or cementum within a fibrocellular connective tissue stroma. It has variable clinical behavior, highly aggressive in nature including invasion and destruction of adjacent anatomic structures with a strong tendency to recur. We reported a 28-year-old female patient with a growth in the upper left vestibule region extending from canine to molar region with clinical, histopathological, and radiological features are presented. Surgical management was done, and regular follow-up was advised.

  7. Juvenile Competency to Stand Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stepanyan, Sofia T; Sidhu, Shawn S; Bath, Eraka

    2016-01-01

    Competency to stand trial is interpreted as a protected due process right for all defendants and is defined as a defendant's fundamental knowledge and understanding of the criminal charges being filed, roles and procedures within the courtroom, and a general ability to work with the defense counsel. Questions of competency are most often raised by the judge, defense, or the prosecution, and competency evaluations are most often completed by psychiatrists or psychologists with forensic training or work experience. Mental illness, intellectual disability, developmental disorders, and developmental immaturity are the 4 main factors considered in most juvenile competency evaluations. PMID:26593118

  8. Juvenile eye growth, when completed?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fledelius, Hans C; Christensen, Anders S; Fledelius, Christian

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: To test Sorsby's classical statement of axial eye growth as completed at the age of 13 years, with a view also to differentiating between basic eye growth and juvenile elongation associated with eventual refractive change towards myopia. METHODS: (i) A total of 160 healthy eyes close to...... about age 13 as general limit found support from the cross-sectional data, which suggested stable emmetropic eye size from about 11-12 years, with an average apparently outgrown male emmetropic value of 23.5 mm versus females' 22.9 mm. The longitudinal data, however, showed emmetropic growth also beyond...

  9. PERSONALITY DISPOSITION OF JUVENILE DELINQUENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Poonam Mukherjee; Hillol Mukherjee

    2014-01-01

    Juvenile Delinquency-‘An Alarming Crisis’ does not have a constant or definite meaning. Some say that delinquents are those who violate the law, habitually disobedient and truant. But delinquents shouldn’t be treated as criminals but as maturing persons who need utmost guidance, love and support while they find their way towards life. They shouldn’t be treated as criminals, but being a delinquent is not an excuse to manifest distress and confusion. It is very true that two major components of...

  10. THE STUDY OF FEATURES OF GUILT OF JUVENILE OFFENDERS IN THE CONTEXT OF JUVENILE JUSTICE

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    Natalija Vladimirovna Galkina

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the results of empirical studies of the experiences of guilt of juvenile offenders in the context of juvenile justice where a minor appears as the subject of legal relations. Restorative approach of juvenile justice is based on an admission of guilt to the victim. In connection with it, the research of features of the guilt of minors who have committed an offence and the conditions for the development of the subjectivity will enhance understanding of the possibilities of restorative juvenile justice system in the prevention of juvenile delinquency.Thus, the results of empirical research presented in the article are important for determining of the psychological bases of realization of rehabilitation programs in the context of juvenile justice. In particular, the results are important for the organization and conduct of psychological work to overcome the psychological barriers in the behavior of juveniles having inherently maladaptive guilt and destructive psychological defense mechanisms.

  11. Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2006 National Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Howard N.; Sickmund, Melissa

    2006-01-01

    This report presents comprehensive information on juvenile crime, violence, and victimization and on the juvenile justice system. This report brings together the latest available statistics from a variety of sources and includes numerous tables, graphs, and maps, accompanied by analyses in clear, nontechnical language. The report offers Congress,…

  12. Juveniles' Motivations for Remaining in Prostitution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Shu-Ling; Bedford, Olwen

    2004-01-01

    Qualitative data from in-depth interviews were collected in 1990-1991, 1992, and 2000 with 49 prostituted juveniles remanded to two rehabilitation centers in Taiwan. These data are analyzed to explore Taiwanese prostituted juveniles' feelings about themselves and their work, their motivations for remaining in prostitution, and their difficulties…

  13. Literacy Levels of Male Juvenile Justice Detainees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheldall, Kevin; Watkins, Renae

    2004-01-01

    The assessment records detailing the reading and spelling performance of a group of male juvenile justice detainees admitted over a 3-month period were examined in an attempt to quantify the basic literacy levels of juvenile offenders. Results of student self-ratings of their reading ability were also analysed. The participants comprised 68 males…

  14. Juvenile Anorexia Nervosa: Family Therapy's Natural Niche

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fishman, H. Charles

    2006-01-01

    Juvenile Anorexia Nervosa (AN) is a severe problem both in terms of presenting symptomatology and its tendency toward chronicity. Researchers have consistently shown that family-based approaches are superior to individual approaches for the treatment of juvenile AN. This article addresses the capacity deficit of trained family therapists to treat…

  15. Moral development of solo juvenile sex offenders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. van Vugt; G.J. Stams; M. Dekovic; D. Brugman; E. Rutten; J. Hendriks

    2008-01-01

    This study compared the moral development of solo juvenile male sex offenders (n = 20) and juvenile male non-offenders (n = 76), aged 13-19 years, from lower socioeconomic and educational backgrounds. The Moral Orientation Measure (MOM) was used to assess punishment- and victim-based moral orientati

  16. Moral Development of Solo Juvenile Sex Offenders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Vugt, Eveline; Stams, Geert Jan; Dekovic, Maja; Brugman, Daan; Rutten, Esther; Hendriks, Jan

    2008-01-01

    This study compared the moral development of solo juvenile male sex offenders (n = 20) and juvenile male non-offenders (n = 76), aged 13-19 years, from lower socioeconomic and educational backgrounds. The Moral Orientation Measure (MOM) was used to assess punishment- and victim-based moral orientation in sexual and non-sexual situations. Moral…

  17. A social work study on juvenile delinquency

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    Mohammad Reza Iravani

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available We present an empirical study to study the effects of different factors on juvenile delinquency. The investigation distributes 100 questionnaires among people who are involved with crime and analyzes their feedbacks. There are five hypotheses in our survey and we look to see whether family conditions, religion, economical conditions, media and physical and psychological characteristics play important role on juvenile delinquency in Iranian society. The results shows that while family conditions, physical and psychological characteristics play important role on juvenile delinquency, other factors do not statistically have any impact on juvenile delinquency. The study suggests that a better family condition could help reduce juvenile delinquency and people could guide their children through better consultations.

  18. Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy: Under-diagnosed syndrome

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    Božić Ksenija

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is an idiopathic, hereditary form of epilepsy. Although juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is a well defined clinical syndrome, attempts at diagnosing it commonly fail. Etiopathogenesis. The exact cause of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy remains unknown. Clinical, morphological and metabolic data suggest a preferential role for frontal regions in this syndrome. Several major genes for juvenile myoclonic epilepsy have been identified, but these genes account for only a small proportions of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy cases, suggesting multifactorial or complex inheritance in most. Clinical Manifestations. Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is characterized by the triad of myoclonic jerks on awakening (all patients, generalized tonic-clonic seizures (>90% of patients and typical absences (about one third of patients. Seizures have an age-related onset, circadian distribution and are frequently precipitated by sleep deprivation, fatigue and alcohol intake. Intelligence is normal. Diagnosis. Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy diagnosis is based upon clinical criteria and typical electroencephalographic findings (generalized pattern of spikes and/or polyspikes and waves. All other tests are normal. Treatment and Prognosis. Both medical treatment and counselling are important in the management of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. Mono-therapy with valproate is the preferred treatment. Some of the newer antiepileptic drugs have been suggested as possible alternatives. Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy has a good prognosis. Lifelong treatment is usually considered necessary in vast majority of patients due to the increased risk of relapse if treatment is discontinued. Conclusion. Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is a common, although under-diagnosed epileptic syndrome. The clinician should study the occurrence of myoclonic jerks and should consider atypical presentations.

  19. Juvenile delinquency and adolescent fatherhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khurana, Atika; Gavazzi, Stephen M

    2011-08-01

    This study examined ecological risk factors associated with teen paternity in a sample of 2,931 male adolescents coming to the attention of juvenile courts across five midwestern counties. In contrast to previous studies documenting significantly higher rates of teen paternity among African American youth, we found that the European American court-involved youth in our sample were as likely to be teen fathers as their African American counterparts. However, an in-depth examination of the social ecologies of these court-involved youth revealed significant racial differences (regardless of the paternity status), with African American males reporting more prior offenses, delinquent peer associations, traumatic pasts, risky sexual behaviors, and educational risks as compared to European American youth, who reported greater involvement in substance use. Furthermore, logistic regression analyses revealed that after controlling for age and racial background, youth who reported greater exposure to trauma and prior offenses had significantly greater odds of having fathered a child. Surprisingly, youth who were teen fathers reported lower rates of behavioral problems as compared to their nonfathering peers. Given the cross-sectional nature of our data, interpretation of this result is limited. Overall, our findings underscore the need for developing a comprehensive understanding of the ecological risk and protective factors present in the lives of teen fathers coming in contact with the juvenile justice system, as an essential first step in designing effective and relevant intervention programs and services for this at-risk population. PMID:20508087

  20. Habilidades metacomprensivas en estudiantes de profesorado: la formulación de preguntas Metacomprehension Abilities in Students of Teaching: Question Making

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elvira Arnoux

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Ante las crisis de la institución escolar y las propuestas recurrentes de reformas de leyes educativas, resulta imprescindible la elaboración de diagnósticos sobre problemas de alumnos y docentes, entre otras cuestiones. Para hacer un aporte en este sentido, un equipo de investigación dirigido por la profesora Elvira Arnoux, en el Instituto de Lingüística de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, ha diseñado y administrado una encuesta sobre lectura y una prueba de comprensión y metacomprensión para un nivel de educación superior que ha sido objeto de escasos trabajos de investigación: los alumnos de institutos de formación docente para los niveles inicial, primario y secundario de la provincia de Buenos Aires (Argentina.En el presente artículo se presenta esa prueba y se exponen los resultados de la sección en que se evalúa metacomprensión, centrada, en este caso, en la formulación de preguntas, uno de los componentes fundamentales en el aprendizaje de estrategias comprensivas. El análisis revela que los futuros docentes tienen competencias metacognitivas bajas, ilusión de conocimiento y serias dificultades para, a partir de un texto escrito, hacer preguntas que superen la aclaración de problemas léxicos. Del diagnóstico se infieren posibles características de la enseñanza de la lectura que desarrollarán los futuros docentes.Having on mind the existence of crises and recurrent projects for the education laws renewal, the making of diagnoses about students' and teachers' problems, among other issues, is imperative. In order to make a contribution in this sense, a team of researchers led by professor Elvira Arnoux at Lingüistics Institute, in Buenos Aires University, has designed and administrated a reading survey and a test on comprehension and metacomprehension in a postsecondary education level, which has been the research problem of a few studies: students at teachers training institutes for initial, primary and secondary

  1. Las preguntas por la calidad de la vivienda: ¿quién las hace?, ¿quién las responde?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clemencia Escallón

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta las distintas estrategias que ha buscado el Grupo de Investigación en Gestión y Diseño de Vivienda (GIV, del Departamento de Arquitectura de la Universidad de los Andes, para comprender y evidenciar el problema percibido sobre la calidad de la vivienda, particularmente de los sectores más pobres de la población colombiana. El enfoque se hace desde el ámbito académico con el Laboratorio de Vivienda y desde el escenario de la relación universidad-empresa según convenio de asociación con Prodesa S. A. La alerta se inicia con la preocupación por la condición de la vivienda de interés social (VIS en Bogotá: lotes estrechos, viviendas pequeñas con ubicación urbana de extrema periferia, para ir complejizando la mirada a través de preguntas como: ¿Qué facilidades urbanas tiene la ciudad en la que se construye la VIS? ¿Qué tipo de urbanizaciones o agrupaciones se están proponiendo? ¿Cuál es la espacialidad de la vivienda que se ofrece? Interesa explorar si es factible medir la calidad de la vivienda VIS, y si lo es, con qué indicadores y valoraciones se debe hacer. El artículo expone las razones de esta búsqueda, los instrumentos técnicos planteados para acercarse a las respuestas, y el análisis de los resultados y retos de la que hemos llamado “primera fase de observación”.

  2. Historia de una pregunta: consideraciones teórico-metodológicas para el análisis del género y el parentesco en la migración transnacional colombiana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herminia Gonzálvez Torralbo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente artículo consiste en mostrar las reflexiones que acompañan la construcción de una pregunta de investigación para una tesis doctoral desde la antropología feminista. En concreto, el interés radica en visibilizar cómo el diálogo entre la teoría y la etnografía multisituada sobre la organización social de los cuidados transnacionales en la migración entre España y Colombia impacta y transforma la pregunta de investigación. Como resultado de esta conversación entre teoría antropológica y práctica etnográfica se muestra, por un lado, que los cambios que sufre una pregunta son inherentes a una investigación etnográfica, longitudinal y enmarcada en un escenario de movilidad transnacional, y por otro lado, que la producción científica sobre migraciones todavía tiene muchos retos pendientes por asumir

  3. Challenging the Myths: 1999 National Report Series. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Howard N.; Sickmund, Melissa

    This bulletin, extracted from "Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1999 National Report," examines juvenile crime statistics, demonstrating that the predictions in the early 1990s of the emergence of juvenile superpredators (juveniles for whom violence is a way of life) is not supported by current data. Research indicates that levels of predatory…

  4. Cuatro preguntas esperan respuestas argumentadas

    OpenAIRE

    Veterinaria.org

    2008-01-01

    ResumenSabéis que la estructura organizativa de Veterinaria.org se basa en decidir acuerdos compartidos y democráticos y ese es el motivo de realizar consultas de opinión mediante las cuatro encuestas ahora disponibles.

  5. SUBTYPES OF JUVENILE SYSTEMIC SCLERODERMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M N Slarovoitova

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Aim: to allot clinical forms of juvenile systemic scleroderma (JSSD. Material and methods: investigation and dynamic observation of 60 patients aged 14-54 (mean age 25.1 ±7.2 with onset of disease in child's and adolescent’s ages from 1 to 16 years old ( in average 11. 4±3.8 year old and disease duration from 1 to 39 years (in average 13.1 ±7.9. Results: 55% of patients demonstrated JSSD subtype with focal cutaneous lesion of different localization. The possibility of overlap-syndrome development in JSSD patients with onset in adolescent age typical for SSD-rheumatoid arthritis, SSD-polymvositis should be underlined. Conclusion: knowledge of different clinical forms and courses of the disease, modern diagnostics and early beginning of differential JSSD treatment will enable us to improve the prognosis and disease outcome.

  6. Juvenile Huntington disease in Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gatto, Emilia Mabel; Parisi, Virginia; Etcheverry, José Luis; Sanguinetti, Ana; Cordi, Lorena; Binelli, Adrian; Persi, Gabriel; Squitieri, Ferdinando

    2016-01-01

    We analyzed demographic, clinical and genetic characteristics of juvenile Huntington disease (JHD) and it frequency in an Argentinean cohort. Age at onset was defined as the age at which behavioral, cognitive, psychiatric or motor abnormalities suggestive of JHD were first reported. Clinical and genetic data were similar to other international series, however, in this context we identified the highest JHD frequency reported so far (19.72%; 14/71). Age at onset of JHD is challenging and still under discussion. Our findings reinforce the hypothesis that clinical manifestations, other than the typical movement disorder, may anticipate age at onset of even many years. Analyses of JHD cohorts are required to explore it frequency in populations with different backgrounds to avoid an underestimation of this rare phenotype. Moreover, data from selected populations may open new pathways in therapeutic approaches and may explain new potential correlations between HD presentations and environmental or biological factors. PMID:26602194

  7. Sociologic perspectives on juvenile violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Currie, E

    2000-10-01

    In sum, there are four sets of social factors that help us understand why juvenile violence appears when, and where, it does, and why some communities and entire societies are persistently wracked by youth violence whereas others are largely spared its worst expressions. When it comes to the first three factors in particular--deprivation, disorganization, and brutalization--the evidence for these links is as strong as anything in social science, and that evidence is supported by a variety of sources and a variety of methods of investigation. Such investigation includes the knowledge we gain through social intervention. Some of the most effective violence prevention programs are successful precisely because they confront and deflect the social forces that otherwise often lead to violence. Consider, for example, the home-visiting programs that work with poor parents in disorganized communities to lower the risks of child abuse; and some of the more "holistic" or "multisystemic" efforts to work with violent juvenile offenders. The best of these programs work by tackling the problems of social isolation and lack of supports in the community, as well as immediate issues of economic survival for vulnerable families and children. More generally, we know that the availability of steady and rewarding work in the future, of the kind that can reliably sustain a family, is one of the most important factors allowing some youths to "desist" from violence as they mature. These conclusions give us much to be encouraged about, and much to be alarmed about. On the one hand, understanding that youth violence often is rooted in a set of adverse social conditions that are identifiable, and potentially modifiable, is a fundamentally optimistic message. It reminds us that the level of juvenile violence we suffer in America today is neither fated nor inevitable. Other societies that are in many respects much like us suffer far less of it; so could we, and we increasingly understand some

  8. Parenting Styles and Family Communication as Correlates of Juvenile Delinquency

    OpenAIRE

    White, Montone

    1997-01-01

    The goal of this study was to examine parenting styles and family communication as correlates of juvenile delinquency. A review of the literature was completed in the areas of parenting styles, family communication, and juvenile delinquency. The literature that was reviewed for this study was examined mainly from juvenile perceptions. This study was approached from a general systems theory perspective. A sample of juveniles (N = 78) from Weber County, Utah, involved in the juvenile justice...

  9. Genetics Home Reference: juvenile hyaline fibromatosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Antaya RJ, Cajaiba MM, Madri J, Lopez MA, Ramirez MC, Martignetti JA, Reyes-Múgica M. Juvenile hyaline ... 103. Citation on PubMed Dowling O, Difeo A, Ramirez MC, Tukel T, Narla G, Bonafe L, Kayserili ...

  10. Genetics Home Reference: juvenile primary lateral sclerosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Resources (3 links) Motor Neurone Disease Association (UK) Muscular Dystrophy Association National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) GeneReviews (1 link) ALS2-Related Disorders Genetic Testing Registry (1 link) Juvenile primary lateral sclerosis ...

  11. Biologisk terapi ved juvenil idiopatisk artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herlin, Troels

    2008-01-01

    In recent years the treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) has undergone marked changes. There is substantial evidence that inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) like etanercept, infliximab and adalimumab show significant efficacy when standard therapy fails, and long...

  12. AFSC/ABL: Juvenile rockfish habitat utilization

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Juvenile rockfish were observed amongst coral, sponge, cobble, and gravel habitats. Rockfish utilized coral habitats more than any other, while gravel was the least...

  13. The Impact of Banning Juvenile Gun Possession.

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas B. Marvell

    2001-01-01

    A 1994 federal law bans possession of handguns by persons under 18 years of age. Also in 1994, 11 states passed their own juvenile gun possession bans. Eighteen states had previously passed bans, 15 of them between 1975 and 1993. These laws were intended to reduce homicides, but arguments can be made that they have no effect on or that they even increase the homicide rate. This paper estimates the laws' impacts on various crime measures, primarily juvenile gun homicide victimizations and suic...

  14. Juvenile diabetes eye complications and treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Dujić Mirjana P.; Ignjatović Zora

    2009-01-01

    Background/Aim. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia. The aim of this study was to explore the prognosis of patients with juvenile DM regarding diabetic eye complications, as well as the course of the diabetic eye disease related to the treatment undertaken. Methods. The study series involved 33 patients with juvenile DM during the period 1992-2007. The influence of the following factors on the course of the disease was estimated: age, the age of the d...

  15. A social work study on juvenile delinquency

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Reza Iravani

    2012-01-01

    We present an empirical study to study the effects of different factors on juvenile delinquency. The investigation distributes 100 questionnaires among people who are involved with crime and analyzes their feedbacks. There are five hypotheses in our survey and we look to see whether family conditions, religion, economical conditions, media and physical and psychological characteristics play important role on juvenile delinquency in Iranian society. The results shows that while family conditio...

  16. Metabolic responses to hypoglycemia in juvenile diabetics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilsted, J; Madsbad, S; Krarup, T;

    1980-01-01

    Glucagon and metabolic responses to insulin-induced hypoglycemia were studied in seven juvenile diabetics, age 31 +/- 2 years (mean and S.E.M.), duration of diabetes 17 +/- 3 years, with diabetic autonomic neuropathy (decreased beat-to-beat variation in heart rate during hyperventilation and...... both patient groups. Metabolic responses to hypoglycemia were also similar in the two patient groups. In conclusion, diabetic autonomic neuropathy has no effect on glucagon and metabolic responses to hypoglycemia in juvenile, insulin-treated diabetics....

  17. An Empirical Evaluation of Juvenile Awareness Programs in the United States: Can Juveniles Be "Scared Straight"?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klenowski, Paul M.; Bell, Keith J.; Dodson, Kimberly D.

    2010-01-01

    Juvenile awareness programs like Scared Straight became popular crime prevention strategies during the 1970s. Juvenile offenders and at-risk youth who participate in these programs are taken to prisons where inmates use confrontational methods to recount stories about violence, sex, and abuse perpetrated by fellow inmates while living a life…

  18. Academic Achievement Among Juvenile Detainees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigorenko, Elena L; Macomber, Donna; Hart, Lesley; Naples, Adam; Chapman, John; Geib, Catherine F; Chart, Hilary; Tan, Mei; Wolhendler, Baruch; Wagner, Richard

    2015-01-01

    The literature has long pointed to heightened frequencies of learning disabilities (LD) within the population of law offenders; however, a systematic appraisal of these observations, careful estimation of these frequencies, and investigation of their correlates and causes have been lacking. Here we present data collected from all youth (1,337 unique admissions, mean age 14.81, 20.3% females) placed in detention in Connecticut (January 1, 2010-July 1, 2011). All youth completed a computerized educational screener designed to test a range of performance in reading (word and text levels) and mathematics. A subsample (n = 410) received the Wide Range Achievement Test, in addition to the educational screener. Quantitative (scale-based) and qualitative (grade-equivalence-based) indicators were then analyzed for both assessments. Results established the range of LD in this sample from 13% to 40%, averaging 24.9%. This work provides a systematic exploration of the type and severity of word and text reading and mathematics skill deficiencies among juvenile detainees and builds the foundation for subsequent efforts that may link these deficiencies to both more formal, structured, and variable definitions and classifications of LD, and to other types of disabilities (e.g., intellectual disability) and developmental disorders (e.g., ADHD) that need to be conducted in future research. PMID:24064502

  19. 78 FR 38014 - Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-25

    ... JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention AGENCY: Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency...

  20. 78 FR 65297 - Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-31

    ... JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention AGENCY: Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency...

  1. 77 FR 50486 - Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-21

    ... JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention AGENCY: Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency...

  2. 76 FR 61672 - Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-05

    ... JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention AGENCY: Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency...

  3. 75 FR 70216 - Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-17

    ... JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention AGENCY: Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency...

  4. 76 FR 39075 - Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-05

    ... JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention AGENCY: Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency...

  5. 75 FR 16177 - Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-31

    ... Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention AGENCY: Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice...

  6. 78 FR 58288 - Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-23

    ... JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention AGENCY: Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency...

  7. 77 FR 24687 - Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-25

    ... JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention AGENCY: Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency...

  8. 77 FR 70994 - Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-28

    ... JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention AGENCY: Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency...

  9. 77 FR 3453 - Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-24

    ... JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention AGENCY: Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency...

  10. 78 FR 17184 - Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    ... JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION Meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention AGENCY: Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency...

  11. Elaboración de un banco de preguntas para la evaluación en línea de los estudiantes de Física del grado 10 usando el programa Scientific Workplace

    OpenAIRE

    Vélez Ruiz, Germán

    2012-01-01

    La continua evaluación del aprendizaje es un elemento fundamental que permite verificar los logros de los estudiantes y promover el aprendizaje con información de retorno; constituyéndose aquella en una herramienta de control de calidad que busca sustituir el acostumbrado aprendizaje memorístico, generalmente evaluado en un único examen final. Es así, como este banco de preguntas desarrollado con el programa Scientific WorkPlace concuerda con la importancia que reviste la evaluación en la soc...

  12. Efectos de la exposición diferencial a los supuestos de una teoría en la elaboración de preguntas de investigación

    OpenAIRE

    María Antonia Padilla Vargas; Ana Lucía Suro Soto; Jairo Tamayo

    2010-01-01

    Con el objeto de identificar los efectos del dominio diferencial de los supuestos teóricos y metodológicos de una teoría en la elaboración y justificación de preguntas de investigación, se expuso a cinco grupos de estudiantes de psicología a un entrenamiento diferencial en los supuestos de la teoría piagetana (1. Definiciones, ejemplos y experimentos; 2. Definiciones y experimentos; 3. Definiciones; 4. Experimentos; 5. A nada). Los resultados mostraron que a mayor exposición a los elementos d...

  13. Construcción del bienestar juvenil en las actuales dinámicas de socialización

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farley Johanna Cardona Rodríguez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La familia tradicional ha sido situada como fuente primordial de los procesos de socialización y ha sido ubicada como un factor de alta incidencia en diversas problemáticas juveniles; sin embargo, esta forma de vinculación familiar ha sufrido fuertes transformaciones que han afectado el proceso de socialización de sus miembros, en especial de los más jóvenes, el cual se ha alterado, también, por el desarrollo de las nuevas tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones. Bajo estas transformaciones se desarrollan y presentan las expectativas que tiene la sociedad sobre los jóvenes y se reconoce que la concepción de la juventud y lo juvenil es, sobre todo, una construcción social. Finalmente, se introduce la necesidad de reconocer los efectos de estos asuntos en la construcción del bienestar subjetivo y psicológico de los jóvenes. El artículo corresponde a una revisión de estado del arte sobre las categorías relacionadas con estos temas, en investigaciones realizadas en Iberoamérica y Colombia durante los últimos años, dando lugar con ello a la pregunta por la manera como la constitución de referentes se articula al bienestar subjetivo y al proceso de socialización de los jóvenes.

  14. Acupuntura em adolescentes com fibromialgia juvenil Acupuntura en adolescentes con fibromialgia juvenil Acupuncture in adolescents with juvenile fibromyalgia

    OpenAIRE

    Marialda Höfling P. Dias; Elisabete Amaral; Hong Jin Pai; Daniela Terumi Y. Tsai; Ana Paola N Lotito; Claudio Leone; Clovis Artur Silva

    2012-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Descrever a utilização da acupuntura em adolescentes com fibromialgia juvenil. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo realizado em pacientes com fibromialgia juvenil (critérios do Colégio Americano de Reumatologia) submetidos a, pelo menos, 11 sessões semanais de acupuntura. As avaliações antes e após acupuntura incluíram dados demográficos, características da dor musculoesquelética, número de pontos dolorosos (NPD), escala visual analógica (EVA) de dor, algiometria e índice miálgico (IM). D...

  15. AFSC/ABL: Juvenile rockfish DNA species identification

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Many pelagic juvenile rockfish (Sebastes) were collected in juvenile salmonid surveys in the Gulf of Alaska (GOA) from 1998 to 2002. Often species identification of...

  16. SEASONAL VARIATION IN PLASMA SEX STEROID CONCENTRATION IN JUVENILE ALLIGATORS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seasonal variation in plasma sex steroid concentrations is common in mature vertebrates, and is occasionally seen in juvenile animals. In this study, we examine the seasonal pattern of sex hormone concentration in juvenile American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis) and make...

  17. Corporal and capital punishment of juveniles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frazier, H C

    1990-01-01

    There is a previously unobserved connection between corporal punishment of public school children and capital punishment of juveniles. Both are barometers of acceptable levels of violent punishment and their elimination is a hallmark of a maturing and decent society. Within a majority of the eighteen states where school authorities most frequently strike children are housed 25 of the nation's 28 juvenile death row inmates. On average, the homicide rates of these jurisdictions are two and a half times greater than those that have abolished both state-sanctioned corporal and capital punishment or limit death sentences to those age eighteen and older at the time of their crime(s). Most of the eighteen state abolitions of corporal punishment occurred in the 1980's. The US Supreme Court has ruled both corporal and capital punishment of juveniles constitutional. Additional state legislative abolition of both is anticipated in the 1990s. PMID:2122167

  18. JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN SLUM OF SOLAPUR CITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BHAGYASHRI M. PATIL

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper an attempt is made to study the Juvenile Delinquency in slum of Solapur city. Solapur city has got more than 12 lakhs of population within which 220 slums are there. In these slums 2.20 lakhs of people are living. Delinquency is the type of abnormality. The problem of Juvenile delinquency in Solapur city is very severe. These delinquents also include in sealing bulbs, shoes, cloths, water tabs and snatch gold ornaments of people crowded in the temple and at the time of jatra or in any crowded place. Some time, they do deliberately pick pocketing also. Poverty, absence of education, lack of parental care, love and affection are main causes of juvenile delinquency. For the purpose of this study, observation and detailed interview method is employed. The requested additional information is collected by informal discussion with slum community people and leaders.

  19. The Clinical Phenotypes of the Juvenile Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathies

    OpenAIRE

    Shah, Mona; Mamyrova, Gulnara; Targoff, Ira N.; Huber, Adam M; Malley, James D; Rice, Madeline Murguia; Miller, Frederick W.; Rider, Lisa G.

    2013-01-01

    The juvenile idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (JIIM) are systemic autoimmune diseases characterized by skeletal muscle weakness, characteristic rashes and other systemic features. Although juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM), the most common form of JIIM, has been well-studied, the other major clinical subgroups of JIIM, including juvenile polymyositis (JPM) and juvenile myositis overlapping with another autoimmune or connective tissue disease (JCTM), have not been well characterized, and their ...

  20. Sea Urchin Recruitment: Effect of Substrate Selection on Juvenile Distribution

    OpenAIRE

    Cameron, R. A.; Schroeter, S. C.

    1980-01-01

    Intertidal field observations have shown that juvenile purple sea urchins Strongylocentwtus purpuratus are found in higher densities near adults . The same is true for subtidal populations of juvenile red sea urchins 5. franciscanus. These distribution patterns could be influenced by any of three elements: substrate selection, early juvenile mortality or juvenile migration. Using laboratory-reared larvae, we conducted experiments designed to gauge the effect of substrate selection on ju...

  1. THE STUDY OF FEATURES OF GUILT OF JUVENILE OFFENDERS IN THE CONTEXT OF JUVENILE JUSTICE

    OpenAIRE

    Natalija Vladimirovna Galkina

    2015-01-01

    The article is devoted to the results of empirical studies of the experiences of guilt of juvenile offenders in the context of juvenile justice where a minor appears as the subject of legal relations. Restorative approach of juvenile justice is based on an admission of guilt to the victim. In connection with it, the research of features of the guilt of minors who have committed an offence and the conditions for the development of the subjectivity will enhance understanding of the possibilitie...

  2. JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN SLUM OF SOLAPUR CITY

    OpenAIRE

    BHAGYASHRI M. PATIL

    2013-01-01

    In this paper an attempt is made to study the Juvenile Delinquency in slum of Solapur city. Solapur city has got more than 12 lakhs of population within which 220 slums are there. In these slums 2.20 lakhs of people are living. Delinquency is the type of abnormality. The problem of Juvenile delinquency in Solapur city is very severe. These delinquents also include in sealing bulbs, shoes, cloths, water tabs and snatch gold ornaments of people crowded in the temple and at the time of jatra or...

  3. Best Practices in Juvenile Accountability: Overview. JAIBG Bulletin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beyer, Marty

    This bulletin examines the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grants (JAIBG) program, which asserts that juvenile offenders should be held accountable for their crimes as a matter of basic justice and to prevent and deter delinquency. It reviews the developmental perspective shaping…

  4. Contagion and Repeat Offending among Urban Juvenile Delinquents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mennis, Jeremy; Harris, Philip

    2011-01-01

    This research investigates the role of repeat offending and spatial contagion in juvenile delinquency recidivism using a database of 7166 male juvenile offenders sent to community-based programs by the Family Court of Philadelphia. Results indicate evidence of repeat offending among juvenile delinquents, particularly for drug offenders. The…

  5. The challenges of the first migration: movement and behaviour of juvenile vs. adult white storks with insights regarding juvenile mortality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotics, Shay; Kaatz, Michael; Resheff, Yehezkel S; Turjeman, Sondra Feldman; Zurell, Damaris; Sapir, Nir; Eggers, Ute; Flack, Andrea; Fiedler, Wolfgang; Jeltsch, Florian; Wikelski, Martin; Nathan, Ran

    2016-07-01

    Migration conveys an immense challenge, especially for juvenile birds coping with enduring and risky journeys shortly after fledging. Accordingly, juveniles exhibit considerably lower survival rates compared to adults, particularly during migration. Juvenile white storks (Ciconia ciconia), which are known to rely on adults during their first fall migration presumably for navigational purposes, also display much lower annual survival than adults. Using detailed GPS and body acceleration data, we examined the patterns and potential causes of age-related differences in fall migration properties of white storks by comparing first-year juveniles and adults. We compared juvenile and adult parameters of movement, behaviour and energy expenditure (estimated from overall dynamic body acceleration) and placed this in the context of the juveniles' lower survival rate. Juveniles used flapping flight vs. soaring flight 23% more than adults and were estimated to expend 14% more energy during flight. Juveniles did not compensate for their higher flight costs by increased refuelling or resting during migration. When juveniles and adults migrated together in the same flock, the juvenile flew mostly behind the adult and was left behind when they separated. Juveniles showed greater improvement in flight efficiency throughout migration compared to adults which appears crucial because juveniles exhibiting higher flight costs suffered increased mortality. Our findings demonstrate the conflict between the juveniles' inferior flight skills and their urge to keep up with mixed adult-juvenile flocks. We suggest that increased flight costs are an important proximate cause of juvenile mortality in white storks and likely in other soaring migrants and that natural selection is operating on juvenile variation in flight efficiency. PMID:27046512

  6. Food resource utilization by juvenile Baltic cod Gadus morhua : a mechanism potentially influencing recruitment success at the demersal juvenile stage?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hüssy, Karin; St. John, Michael; Böttcher, U.

    1997-01-01

    , than those reported to be consumed by juveniles in other areas. The apparent overlap in food resource utilization among the different size groups of demersal juveniles observed in this study suggests that in years with low prey abundance, or high abundance of pelagic juveniles, strong intra-specific...... competition for food. resources may affect the recruitment success of Baltic cod....

  7. Juvenile penalty or leniency: Sentencing of juveniles in the criminal justice system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Kareem L; McNeal, Brittani A

    2016-08-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of being juvenile on sentencing in the criminal justice system. More specifically, youth transferred to criminal court are compared to adults in terms of likelihood of incarceration, jail length, and prison length. In this study, 2 national data sets are merged. The juvenile sample includes 3,381 convicted offenders, and the adult sample is comprised of 6,529 convicted offenders. The final sample is 9,910 offenders across 36 U.S. counties. The key independent variable is juvenile status, and the dependent variables are incarceration, jail length, and prison length. Because of the multilevel nature of the data, hierarchical linear modeling is used across all models. Juveniles are punished less severely in the jail incarceration decision. However, when youth are actually sentenced to incarceration (either jail or prison), they are given longer confinement time than adults. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:26974365

  8. Juvenile Correctional Workers' Perceptions of Suicide Risk Factors and Mental Health Issues of Incarcerated Juveniles

    OpenAIRE

    Penn, Joseph V.; Esposito, Christianne; Stein, L. A. R.; Lacher-Katz, Molly; Spirito, Anthony

    2005-01-01

    Correctional staff knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of incarcerated juveniles' mental health needs, including suicide prevention, have not been studied empirically. This study measured juvenile correctional officers' knowledge and attitudes regarding suicide risk factors and mental health and substance abuse issues through administration of the Mental Health Knowledge and Attitude Test (MHKAT) before and after a staff training on suicide prevention. Seventy-six participants completed the...

  9. Retrocalcaneal bursitis in juvenile chronic arthritis.

    OpenAIRE

    Goldenstein-Schainberg, C; Homsi, C; Rodrigues Pereira, R M; Cossermelli, W

    1992-01-01

    Retrocalcaneal bursitis has been described in various adult rheumatic diseases and septic bursitis unrelated to previous bursal disease has been reported in children. The case is reported here of a girl with juvenile chronic arthritis who developed non-septic retrocalcaneal bursitis; the diagnosis was suggested by a combination of clinical and radiographic studies and was confirmed by ultrasonography.

  10. Metamorphosis: How Missouri Rehabilitates Juvenile Offenders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubin, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    Juveniles convicted of serious offenses usually end up in large correctional facilities that focus on punishment--not rehabilitation. The state of Missouri, however, has found a better way to help end the cycle of crime: by creating a network of small facilities that provide therapy and educational opportunities, it has dramatically reduced…

  11. Factors Involved in Juveniles' Decisions about Crime.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cimler, Edward; Beach, Lee Roy

    1981-01-01

    Investigated whether delinquency is the result of a rational decision. The Subjective Expected Utility (SEU) model from decision theory was used with male juvenile offenders (N=45) as the model of the decision process. Results showed that the SEU model predicted 62.7 percent of the subjects' decisions. (Author/RC)

  12. Molecular basis of juvenile hormone signaling

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jindra, Marek; Bellés, X.; Shinoda, T.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 11, Oct 09 (2015), s. 39-46. ISSN 2214-5745 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA15-23681S Institutional support: RVO:60077344 Keywords : juvenile hormone * JH receptor * Drosophila melanogaster Subject RIV: ED - Physiology http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214574515001297

  13. Program Performance Inventory: Six Juvenile Offender Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomalla, Terri Groff; Dougherty, Victoria J.

    This report describes the performance of 6 Connecticut juvenile justice alternative sanction programs in 14 qualitative areas: community reintegration; outcomes and evaluation; assessment methods; risk factors; escalation of criminal activity; family involvement; community involvement; work ethic and vocational training; education and life skills;…

  14. Successful euthanasia of a juvenile fin whale.

    OpenAIRE

    Daoust, P Y; Ortenburger, A I

    2001-01-01

    A stranded juvenile fin whale was successfully euthanized with an intravenous injection of sedative and cardioplegic drugs. Veterinarians may face a number of serious difficulties if called to perform this task, and advance preparation is required for successful euthanasia of these animals.

  15. The Intensive Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAfee, James K.; MacDonald, Scott; Murphy, Craig

    1999-01-01

    Provides an overview of the Intensive Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Program, a community-based, multi-agency, multimodal delinquency prevention program. Highlights how the six organizations involved in the program overcame three common barriers to interagency collaboration-funding, climate, and communication. (GCP)

  16. Mineral Oil Aspiration Related Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Andrew D; Fischer, Philip R; Reed, Ann M; Wylam, Mark E

    2015-01-01

    We describe the development of rheumatoid factor-positive migratory polyarthritis in a 5-year-old male who had been administered bidaily oral mineral oil as a laxative since birth. Minor respiratory symptoms, radiographic and bronchoscopic findings were consistent with chronic lipoid pneumonia. We speculate that immune sensitization to mineral oil promoted the clinical syndrome of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. PMID:26171269

  17. Mineral Oil Aspiration Related Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

    OpenAIRE

    Nelson, Andrew D.; Fischer, Philip R.; Reed, Ann M.; Wylam, Mark E

    2015-01-01

    We describe the development of rheumatoid factor-positive migratory polyarthritis in a 5-year-old male who had been administered bidaily oral mineral oil as a laxative since birth. Minor respiratory symptoms, radiographic and bronchoscopic findings were consistent with chronic lipoid pneumonia. We speculate that immune sensitization to mineral oil promoted the clinical syndrome of juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

  18. Mineral Oil Aspiration Related Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew D. Nelson

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe the development of rheumatoid factor-positive migratory polyarthritis in a 5-year-old male who had been administered bidaily oral mineral oil as a laxative since birth. Minor respiratory symptoms, radiographic and bronchoscopic findings were consistent with chronic lipoid pneumonia. We speculate that immune sensitization to mineral oil promoted the clinical syndrome of juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

  19. Attachment Theory Applied to Juvenile Sex Offending.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodrow, Kenneth K.; Lim, Mee-Gaik

    1998-01-01

    Attachment theory is applied to identify systemic patterns encouraging juveniles to commit sexual offenses. The role of the helping system in perpetuating offenses is reviewed. The priority of family integrity and the role of professionals in breaking cycles of abuse and repairing earlier destructive emotional attachments are discussed. (EMK)

  20. Juvenile Sex Offenders: Development and Correction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Gail; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Three case histories elucidate a discussion of the developmental nature of the behaviors of juvenile male sexual offenders. The sexual assault cycle is defined in the stages of negative self-image, predicting rejection, isolation, fantasies, planning the offense, and committing the offense. Tools for treating the offender are outlined. (Author/JDD)

  1. 76 FR 54978 - Special Immigrant Juvenile Petitions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-06

    ...The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) proposes to amend its regulations governing the Special Immigrant Juvenile (SIJ) classification, and related applications for adjustment of status to permanent resident. The Secretary may grant SIJ classification to aliens whose reunification with one or both parents is not viable due to abuse, neglect, abandonment, or a similar basis found under State......

  2. Application of Megan's Law to Juveniles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trivits, Lisa C.; Reppucci, N. Dickon

    2002-01-01

    Examines the history of registration and notification statutes for sex offenders and concerns and legal challenges they have faced, noting psychology's limited knowledge about normal versus abnormal sexual development and research suggesting that recidivism rates for sexual offenses may be lower for juveniles than adults who have received…

  3. Juvenile delinquency: Lessons on the street

    OpenAIRE

    Shrivastava, Saurabh RamBihariLal; Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh; Ramasamy, Jegadeesh

    2013-01-01

    Juvenile; antisocial behaviour; problem family Corresponding author: Saurabh RamBiharilal Shrivastava, 3rd floor, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College & Research Institute, Ammapettai village, Thiruporur - Guduvancherry Main Road, Sembakkam Post, Kancheepuram - 603108, Tamil Nadu, India E-mail:

  4. Juvenile Delinquency and Victimization: A Theoretical Typology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuevas, Carlos A.; Finkelhor, David; Turner, Heather A.; Ormrod, Richard K.

    2007-01-01

    It is a widely voiced notion that juvenile delinquency and victimization co-occur extensively in the youth population, in particular because delinquent youth engage in risky activities. But theory from the bullying and traumatic stress literatures suggests that there may be additional pathways by which delinquency and victimization are connected.…

  5. Smerte og smertemestring ved juvenil idiopatisk artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herlin, Troels; Thastum, Mikael

    2008-01-01

    Pain is one of the primary symptoms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). JIA patients have reduced pain tolerance and pain threshold compared to healthy controls. In children with JIA the greater use of coping strategies such as problem-solving, positive self-statements and distraction...

  6. Increasing Incidence of Juvenile Thyrotoxicosis in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, R. H.; Andersen, M. S.; Hansen, D.

    2015-01-01

    . Additional data were collected on children diagnosed with GD in 2008-2012. Results: In total, 237 patients with juvenile thyrotoxicosis (JT) were identified. The overall IR in 1998-2012 was 1.58/100,000 person-years and has increased significantly from 0.79/100,000 person-years in 1982-1988 (p <0.001). The...

  7. Orofacial pain, jaw function, and temporomandibular disorders in adult women with a history of juvenile chronic arthritis or persistent juvenile chronic arthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bakke, M.; Zak, M.; Jensen, B.L.;

    2001-01-01

    Orofacial pain, jaw function, temporomandibular disorders, adult women persistent juvenil chronic arthritis......Orofacial pain, jaw function, temporomandibular disorders, adult women persistent juvenil chronic arthritis...

  8. Una Nueva Plantilla de Preguntas para la Comprensión de Textos Auténticos en un Aula Sueca de ELE. : Un aporte didáctico para el desarrollo de las estrategias de lectura de textos auténticos para alumnos de 14 a 16 años de edad.

    OpenAIRE

    Karlsson, Jenny

    2010-01-01

    Esta investigación se centra en las estrategias de lectura de textos auténticos. Nuestra idea es que los estudiantes de ELE en un aula sueca puedan aprenderse a reflexionar sobre sus estrategias de lectura simplemente con una herramienta concreta, e.g. una plantilla de preguntas. El primer paso es construir un material didáctico para desarrollar las estrategias de comprensión de lectura. Hemos construido una plantilla de preguntas con base en el experimento de Ulla Håkansson en el proyecto de...

  9. Investigación en aula en educación de adultos: el proyecto nuestra escuela pregunta su opinión-nepso Investigation into adult education teaching: the project 'our school asks your opinión'-nepso

    OpenAIRE

    Guillermo Willianson; Issa Torres B.; Natalia Durán M

    2011-01-01

    El artículo reflexiona sobre aprendizajes de la aplicación de una metodología de investigación participativa en aula, basada en encuestas de opinión (Nuestra Escuela Pregunta Su Opinión-NEPSO). Uno de los niveles educativos en que se desarrolla es el de la Educación de Adultos. Desde el año 2005 el Centro Integrado de Educación de Adultos Lefxarv de la Región de La Araucanía en Chile lo impulsa con un proyecto educativo intercultural. Esta innovación pedagógica ha ido abarcando el conjunto de...

  10. Is juvenile boot camp policy effective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kübra Gültekin

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Militaristic boot camps became very popular in the U.S. in the early 1990’s as an alternative to traditional prisons and probation. Less recidivism and less cost were the shibboleths of correctional boot camps. The boot camps are believed to reduce the number of repeat offenders and to lower operational costs. The rehabilitation programs and aftercare activities are thought to bring ongoing changes in inmates’ behaviors. Therefore, boot camps are strongly supported by politicians and the public. Tax dollars are spent to operate the boot camps. However, despite the fact that only two decades have passed since the existence of juvenile boot camps, numerous studies have declared that juvenile boot camp prisons are ineffective in reducing future offenses of inmates, operational costs, and in continually changing the behaviors of young offenders.

  11. THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM IN SPAIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JosA Luis de la Cuesta

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available 1. Relevant legal framework regulating criminal proceedings against juvenile offenders. 2. Age thresholds of criminal responsibility and liability to prosecution. 3. Specialized agencies. 3.1. Judges specialization. 3.2. Prosecutor\\'s specialization. 3.3. Specialization required for any, other figure acting in the proceedings. 3.4. Social services (or similar agencies involved in the proceedings. 4. Early definition of the proceedings. 5. Personality assessment procedures. 6. Mediation. 7. Personal liberty. 8. Safeguards for the protection of minors. 8.1. Affective and/or psychological assistance. 8.2. Preventing the disclosure of the juvenile offender\\'s identity. 8.3. Other measures. 9. Final remarks.

  12. [Juvenile idiopathic arthritis: Definition and classification].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deslandre, C

    2016-04-01

    Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a group of diseases defined by the presence of arthritis of more than 6weeks duration in patients aged less than 16years and with unknown etiology. The international classification based on clinical and biological criteria define each type of JIA: systemic, oligoarticular, polyarticular with and without rheumatoid factor, enthesitis-related arthritis, and psoriatic arthritis. However, some discussions persist concerning systemic-onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis, whose clinical symptoms and pathogenic mechanisms are quite similar to those observed in autoinflammatory diseases, arthritis with antinuclear factors (poly- and oligoarticular) that could be considered as a homogenous group, and a family history of psoriasis that frequently led to unclassified arthritis. Better knowledge of the pathogenic mechanisms should improve the initial clinical classification with more homogeneous groups of patients and reduce the number of unclassified cases of arthritis. PMID:26968301

  13. GANGGUAN PERTUMBUHAN MANDIBULA PADA JUVENILE RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

    OpenAIRE

    Ria Puspitawati

    2015-01-01

    Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA) is a systemic disease on childhood, which has chronic arthritis as its most prominent manifestation. One very common complication of JRA is growth disturbance. JRA involving temporomandibular joint usually result in mandibular growth retardation which eventually can lead to micrognathia, retrognathia, malocclusion and other mandibulofacial developmental aberrations. Factors considered to be the cause of these growth and developmental disturbances are: conge...

  14. Solitary ulcerated congenital giant juvenile xanthogranuloma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Su Yuen Ng

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A 3-month-old female patient with a giant ulcerated nodule over the back since birth was diagnosed as congenital giant juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG based on clinical and histopathological examination. Congenital giant JXG with ulceration at birth is a rare presentation of JXG and commonly misdiagnosed. This case emphasizes the importance of being aware of the myriad presentations of JXG in order to make a correct diagnosis and avoid unnecessary investigations or treatment.

  15. Current Treatments for Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

    OpenAIRE

    AlbertoMartini

    2011-01-01

    Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) differs markedly from adult rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is not a single disease, but an exclusion diagnosis that gather together all forms of arthritis that begin before the age of 16 years, persist for more than 6 weeks, and are of unknown origin. The advent of the new biological treatments has dramatically changed both the observed responses to treatment and the expectations of therapies. The implementation of an adequate legislation as well as the ...

  16. El rock como conformador de identidades juveniles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrián de Garay

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available El autor analiza la relación entre el rock y las identidades juveniles, a partir del abordaje de cinco “estilos” que se pueden identificar como constitutivos de éstas identidades. Ellos son: la jerga, la estética, las producciones culturales, los no-lugares y el territorio. Finaliza el artículo señalando algunos hitos importantes de la culturarockera en la ciudad de México.

  17. Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy: clinical and EEG features

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, S B; Petersen, K A

    1998-01-01

    We aimed to characterize the clinical profile and EEG features of 43 patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. In a retrospective design we studied the records of, and re-interviewed, 43 patients diagnosed with JME from the epilepsy clinic data base. Furthermore, available EEGs were re...... were sleep deprivation (84%), stress (70%), and alcohol consumption (51%). EEG findings included rapid spike-wave and polyspike-wave....

  18. THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM IN SPAIN

    OpenAIRE

    JosA Luis de la Cuesta; Isidoro Blanco Cordero

    2009-01-01

    1. Relevant legal framework regulating criminal proceedings against juvenile offenders. 2. Age thresholds of criminal responsibility and liability to prosecution. 3. Specialized agencies. 3.1. Judges specialization. 3.2. Prosecutor\\'s specialization. 3.3. Specialization required for any, other figure acting in the proceedings. 3.4. Social services (or similar agencies) involved in the proceedings. 4. Early definition of the proceedings. 5. Personality assessment procedures. 6. Mediation. 7. P...

  19. Juvenile Myasthenia Gravis: A Paediatric Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Finnis, Maria F.; Sandeep Jayawant

    2011-01-01

    Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease in which antibodies are directed against the postsynaptic membrane of the neuromuscular junction, resulting in muscle weakness and fatigability. Juvenile myasthenia gravis (JMG) is a rare condition of childhood and has many clinical features that are distinct from adult MG. Prepubertal children in particular have a higher prevalence of isolated ocular symptoms, lower frequency of acetylcholine receptor antibodies, and a higher probability of ach...

  20. Hypotrichosis with juvenile macular dystrophy: Portuguese case

    OpenAIRE

    Elfatoiki, Fatima Zahra; Cordoliani, Florance; Pascal Regane, Pascal; Afforitit-Demoge, Aude

    2016-01-01

    Hypotrichosis with juvenile macular dystrophy is a rare congenital disease mainly found in the Druze population of Northern Israel. This disorder is caused by the CDH3 mutation encoding P-cadherin, which is expressed in retinal pigment epithelium and hair follicles. An 11-year-old girl who was born to related Portuguese parents, had hypotrichosis since birth and macular dystrophy diagnosed at age 5. Fundus examination and fluorescein angiography revealed located macular pigmentary abnormaliti...

  1. Advances in Genetics of Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsies

    OpenAIRE

    Delgado-Escueta, Antonio V.

    2007-01-01

    One by one, mutation-containing mendelian genes that cause monogenic juvenile myoclonic epilepsies (JME) and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP)-susceptibility alleles that increase risks for nonmendelian complex JME should fall to the power of molecular genetics. Of 15 chromosome loci, 3 mendelian genes (α1-subunit of the GABAA receptor [GABRA1], chloride channel 2 gene [CLCN2], and Myoclonin1/EFHC1) and 2 SNP-susceptibility alleles of putative JME genes in epistases (bromodomain-containin...

  2. The joints in juvenile idiopathic arthritis

    OpenAIRE

    Ording Muller, Lil-Sofie; Humphries, Paul; Rosendahl, Karen

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common rheumatic entity in childhood. Imaging has become an important supplement to the clinical assessment of children with JIA. Radiographs still play an important role in the workup, and long-term follow-up in children with JIA, but are not sensitive to findings in the early disease stage. Both ultrasound and MRI are more sensitive to inflammatory changes than clinical assessment alone. However, the differentiation between normal findings ...

  3. Body size prediction from juvenile skeletal remains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruff, Christopher

    2007-05-01

    There are currently no methods for predicting body mass from juvenile skeletal remains and only a very limited number for predicting stature. In this study, stature and body mass prediction equations are generated for each year from 1 to 17 years of age using a subset of the Denver Growth Study sample, followed longitudinally (n = 20 individuals, 340 observations). Radiographic measurements of femoral distal metaphyseal and head breadth are used to predict body mass and long bone lengths are used to predict stature. In addition, pelvic bi-iliac breadth and long bone lengths are used to predict body mass in older adolescents. Relative prediction errors are equal to or smaller than those associated with similar adult estimation formulae. Body proportions change continuously throughout growth, necessitating age-specific formulae. Adult formulae overestimate stature and body mass in younger juveniles, but work well in 17-year-olds from the sample, indicating that in terms of body proportions they are representative of the general population. To illustrate use of the techniques, they are applied to the juvenile Homo erectus (ergaster) KNM-WT 15000 skeleton. New body mass and stature estimates for this specimen are similar to previous estimates derived using other methods. Body mass estimates range from 50 to 53 kg, and stature was probably slightly under 157 cm, although a precise stature estimate is difficult to determine due to differences in linear body proportions between KNM-WT 15000 and the Denver reference sample. PMID:17295297

  4. Clinical presentation of juvenile Huntington disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruocco Heloísa H.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation a group of patients with juvenile onset of Huntington disease. METHOD: All patients were interviewed following a structured clinical questioner. Patients were genotyped for the trinucleotide cytosine-adenine-guanine (CAG repeat in the Huntington Disease gene. High resolution brain MRI was performed in all patients. RESULTS: We identified 4 patients with juvenile onset of disease among 50 patients with Huntington disease followed prospectively in our Neurogenetics clinic. Age at onset varied from 3 to 13 years, there were 2 boys, and 3 patients had a paternal inheritance of the disease. Expanded Huntington disease allele sizes varied from 41 to 69 trinucleotide repeats. The early onset patients presented with rigidity, bradykinesia, dystonia, dysarthria, seizures and ataxia. MRI showed severe volume loss of caudate and putamen nuclei (p=0.001 and reduced cerebral and cerebellum volumes (p=0.01. CONCLUSION: 8% of Huntington disease patients seen in our clinic had juvenile onset of the disease. They did not present with typical chorea as seen in adult onset Huntington disease. There was a predominance of rigidity and bradykinesia. Two other important clinical features were seizures and ataxia, which related with the imaging findings of early cortical atrophy and cerebellum volume loss.

  5. Computed tomography of juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is well known that computed tomography (CT) is useful in detecting accurately the location, extent, erosion and relationship of angiofibroma to surrounding structures such as pterygopalation fossa. It is well known that computed tomography (CT) is useful in detecting accurately the location, sphenoid sinus, and etc. CT of 20 patients with juvenile angiofibroma, which were examined for 5 yeas from February, 1979 to May, 1984 at Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, were retrospectively analyzed. The results were as follows: 1. All 20 patients of juvenile angiofibroma had tumors in nasopharynx and posterior nasal cavity showing homogeneously dense-enhancing soft tissue mass on CT. There was extension of the tumor from nasopharynx and posterior nasal cavity into paranasal sinus (60%, 12/20), pterygopalatine fossa (55%, 11/20), infratemporal fossa (30%, 6/20), posterior orbit (10%, 2/20) and cranial cavity (15%, 3/20). 2. Angiogrpahy usually adds little diagnostic information, but is still needed to identify the precise source of blood supply to the tumor, and to perform the pre-operative embolization. The use of CT has deferred angiography until just before surgery, permitting embolization at optimal time. 3. CT is almost always necessary to reveal accurately the full extent of the tumor, especially intracranial space in the axial and coronal planes with contrast enhancement. CT is useful both in diagnosis as a guide to angiography and in planning the adequate therapy of juvenile angiofibroma

  6. Juvenile – the unsolved problem of the Polish resocialization system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justyna Kusztal

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article was to take attempt to answer the question about the reasons behind the inability to implement a reform of the Polish juvenile resocialization system. The author formed a thesis that the problem of the juvenile in the Polish resocialization system remains unsolved even though only a few years after the Juvenile Proceedings act from 1982 had been enacted, voices were raised that it should be more precise when it comes to procedures regarding dealing with the prevention of delinquency and demoralization of juveniles. The author analyses particular law authorities of the system, depicts the state of the contemporary research on aetiology and the phenomenology of juvenile delinquency and concludes that at the foundation of the inability to solve the juvenile delinquency problem lie not only the conditionings of the system or the procedures but also the lack of skill to apply pedagogy theory in practise and into policy.

  7. Protection of juveniles: Victims of abuse and neglect in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stevanović Ivana

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is dedicated to analyses of the protection of juveniles - victims of abuse and neglect in criminal legal system of the Republic of Serbia. Particular attention is paid to of criminal acts against sexual integrity and family life of juveniles. The position of juveniles as witnesses in the criminal procedure has been viewed from the aspect of specify and vulnerability of the child, as well as through terms of secondary and tertiary victimization of minor as a victim.

  8. Protection of juveniles: Victims of abuse and neglect in Serbia

    OpenAIRE

    Stevanović Ivana

    2005-01-01

    This paper is dedicated to analyses of the protection of juveniles - victims of abuse and neglect in criminal legal system of the Republic of Serbia. Particular attention is paid to of criminal acts against sexual integrity and family life of juveniles. The position of juveniles as witnesses in the criminal procedure has been viewed from the aspect of specify and vulnerability of the child, as well as through terms of secondary and tertiary victimization of minor as a victim.

  9. THE ISSUES OF COMBATING OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY OF TEENAGERS

    OpenAIRE

    B. A. Tarchokov; M. Kh. Mashekuasheva

    2016-01-01

    Reveals the problem of juvenile delinquency: a condition, the dynamics of crime; the main risk factors affecting juvenile delinquency, as well as the measures undertaken for the prevention of juvenile delinquency offenses The study, which was always urgent, now acquired a special significance. Adolescence is traditionally considered problematic period in the formation and development of personality. You should also take into account the fact that exacerbated existing internal contradictions i...

  10. Juvenile – the unsolved problem of the Polish resocialization system

    OpenAIRE

    Justyna Kusztal

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the article was to take attempt to answer the question about the reasons behind the inability to implement a reform of the Polish juvenile resocialization system. The author formed a thesis that the problem of the juvenile in the Polish resocialization system remains unsolved even though only a few years after the Juvenile Proceedings act from 1982 had been enacted, voices were raised that it should be more precise when it comes to procedures regarding dealing with the prevention o...

  11. Does IQ Moderate the Relation between Psychopathy and Juvenile Offending?

    OpenAIRE

    Hampton, Ashley S.; Drabick, Deborah A. G.; Steinberg, Laurence

    2013-01-01

    Although evidence indicates that both psychopathy and intelligence independently predict juvenile offending, relations among IQ, psychopathy, and offending are inconsistent. We investigated whether intelligence moderates the relation between psychopathy and aggressive and income offending concurrently and over time among 1,354 juvenile offenders enrolled in Pathways to Desistance, a prospective study of serious juvenile offenders in Philadelphia and Phoenix. Participants were assessed on inte...

  12. Change in Family Structure and Rates of Violent Juvenile Delinquency

    OpenAIRE

    Fry, Jeannie A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper addresses the question: Have the changes in family structure in the U.S. become a catalyst for juvenile delinquency? For this research, I use existing statistics for my three independent variables: divorce rates, rate of working mothers with children under age 18, percent female-headed households. My dependent variable, juvenile violent crime rates, is measured using data from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. My control variables consist of the followin...

  13. Chapter 15 Juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orban, Paul; Devon, Rebecca S; Hayden, Michael R; Leavitt, Blair R

    2007-01-01

    Several forms of genetically defined juvenile amy-otrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have now been charac-terized and discussion of these conditions will form the basis for this chapter. ALS2 is an autosomal recessive form of ALS with a juvenile onset and very slow progression that mapped to chromosome 2q33. Nine different mutations have been identified in the ALS2 gene that result in premature stop codons, suggesting a loss of function in the gene product, alsin. The alsin protein is thought to function as a guanine-nucleotide exchange factor for GTPases and may play a role in vesicle transport or membrane trafficking processes. ALS4 is an autosomal dominant form of juvenile onset ALS associated with slow progression, severe muscle weakness and pyramidal signs, in the absence of bulbar and sensory abnormalities. Mutations in the SETX gene cause ALS4, and the SETX gene product senataxin may have DNA and RNA helicase activity and play a role in the regulation of RNA and/or DNA in the cell. A third form of juvenile-onset ALS (ALS5) is associated with slowly progressing lower motor neuron signs (weak-ness and atrophy) initially of the hands and feet, with eventual bulbar involvement. Progressive upper motor neuron disease becomes more obvious with time. ALS5 has been linked to a 6 cM region of chromosome 15q15.1-q21.1, but the causative gene mutation for ALS5 has yet to be identified. The high degree of clin-ical and genetic heterogeneity in the various forms of juvenile ALS can make differential diagnosis difficult, other genetic disorders that must be considered include: spinal muscular atrophy, hereditary spastic paraplegia, SBMA, GM2 gangliosidosis and the hereditary motor neuronopathies/motor forms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. Acquired disorders that must also be consid-ered include heavy metal intoxications (especially lead), multifocal motor neuropathy, paraneoplastic syndromes, vitamin deficiencies (B12) and infections (HTLV-II, HIV and poliomyelitis). PMID

  14. Penalty responsibility of juveniles in the Republic of Srpska

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grbić-Pavlović Nikolina

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The youngest members of organized society, more intensive than ever enter the circle of those whose behavior is deviant. Juvenile delinquency is a social problem, which recently experienced an expansion in all modern countries, including Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republic of Srpska. Considering the fact that juvenile delinquency includes lighter criminal conducts, such as, for example misdemeanors, in this paper a position of juveniles when they are a perpetrators of misdemeanors will be analyzed. Also, the paper will statistically show the number of misdemeanors in the field of public peace and order that juveniles conducted in the Republic of Srpska in the period 2004-2009.

  15. Eliminating the Competency Presumption in Juvenile Delinquency Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katner, David R

    2015-01-01

    The legal presumption used in virtually all juvenile delinquency cases in the U.S. is that all juveniles are competent to stand trial. This Article calls for the elimination of that legal presumption, which is historically based on the Dusky v. United States decision and in the adult criminal justice system. The recent decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court recognize the developmental and organic brain differences between adults and juveniles. Current research demonstrates a higher frequency rate of incompetence based on intellectual deficiencies among children when compared with adults found to be not legally competent to stand trial. By eliminating the competency presumption for juveniles in both delinquency and adult criminal proceedings, the party seeking an adjudication would be responsible for establishing that the accused juvenile is in fact, competent to stand trial. Foreign jurisdictions in Europe, Asia, Africa, and South America have long required higher thresholds--at least fourteen years of age--for holding juveniles accountable for criminal misconduct, none of them presuming that juveniles are competent to go to trial. In the alternative, by expanding the factors currently in use for determination of juvenile competency by adding developmental immaturity and mental illness, juvenile justice systems could identify the reduction of recidivist offending as the primary systemic objective. PMID:26809160

  16. 78 FR 40189 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: Juvenile...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-03

    ... of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed... Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, will be submitting the following... information, please contact Brecht Donoghue, (202) 305-1270, Office of Juvenile Justice and...

  17. 77 FR 70473 - Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; Agency Information Collection Activities...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-26

    ... of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed..., Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, will be submitting the following information... contact Brecht Donoghue, (202) 305-1270, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office...

  18. 78 FR 66383 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: Juvenile...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-05

    ... of Justice Programs Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Agency Information... (DOJ), Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, will be... component of the Department sponsoring the collection: The Office of Juvenile Justice and...

  19. 75 FR 17956 - Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; Agency Information Collection Activities...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-08

    ... of Justice Programs Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; Agency Information...-9258, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, US Department... form number is CJ-15, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, United States...

  20. Growth of juvenile shrimp Metapenaeus monoceros fed with squid and mussel

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Achuthankutty, C.T.; Nair, S.R.S.; Krishnakumari, L.

    Small juveniles of both sexes and females of large juveniles of Metapenaeus monoceros attained faster growth with squid diet. Males of large juveniles registered better growth with mussel diet. No significant difference was observed in moult weights...

  1. Macroalgas varadas sobre la superficie de una playa arenosa del sur de Chile: preferencias alimentarias y de habitat de juveniles y adultos de Orchestoidea tuberculata (Nicolet, (Amphipoda, Talitridae Stranded algal wracks on a sandy beach of south central Chile: feeding and habitat preferences of juveniles and adults of Orchestoidea tuberculata (Nicolet, (Amphipoda, Talitridae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CRISTIAN DUARTE

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available El anfípodo Orchestoidea tuberculata, es el carroñero numéricamente dominante en los niveles superiores del intermareal de las playas arenosas del centro sur de Chile. La principal fuente de alimento para juveniles y adultos de este anfípodo son las macroalgas varadas en la playa. Con el objetivo de analizar una eventual partición de ese recurso alimentario por parte de esos juveniles y adultos, se realizaron experimentos tendientes a evaluar preferencias alimentarias sobre las tres macroalgas varadas más comunes de estas playas: Durvillaea antárctica, Macrocystis pyrifera y Lessonia nigrescens. Los juveniles prefirieron consumir L. nigrescens, mientras que los adultos mostraron una preferencia significativa por D. antárctica. Similar a lo registrado en condiciones de laboratorio, los resultados de estudios de terreno muestran que los juveniles de O. tuberculata no presentaron preferencias significativas entre D. antárctica y M. pyrifera, en tanto que los adultos prefirieron los restos de D. antárctica por sobre los de M. pyrifera. Esto sugiere que para los adultos, D. antárctica es una fuente importante de alimento y también de habitat. Debido a que L. nigrescens no pudo ser incluida en los experimentos de terreno, la posibilidad de que los juveniles también prefieren a esta macroalga en esas condiciones permanece como una pregunta abierta. Aunque no se conocen las razones para explicar las diferencias en las preferencias alimentarias de juveniles y adultos, pueden proponerse dos posibilidades: cambios ontogénicos en la morfología de las estructuras bucales utilizadas para alimentación y/ o cambios ontogénicos en los requerimientos nutricionales. Sin embargo, el hecho de que los juveniles prefirieron consumir en condiciones de laboratorio, la macroalga con el menor contenido nutricional (L. nigrescens, sugiere otro tipo de explicación a las diferencias observadas. Esta dice relación con el hecho de que al preferir

  2. Social and psychological aspects of criminal juvenile justice in the world practice (Anglo-Saxon model of juvenile justice)

    OpenAIRE

    D.S. Oshevsky; E.G. Dozortseva; V.D. Badmaeva; I.A. Chibisova

    2013-01-01

    The article is the final part of the review of existing foreign models of juvenile criminal justice system. We analyze the principles of juvenile justice in the criminal trial: protective orientation, personalization and social richness of the trial, the emphasis on educational influences. We present the foreign experience of incorporating social, psychological and clinical special knowledge into specialized justice concerning juvenile offenders. We analyze modern trends in the development of...

  3. Toward a Classification of Juvenile Offenders: Subgroups of Serious Juvenile Offenders and Severity of Recidivism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulder, Eva; Brand, Eddy; Bullens, Ruud; van Marle, Hjalmar

    2010-12-01

    The aim of this study was to identify subgroups of serious juvenile offenders on the basis of their risk profiles, using a data-driven approach. The sample consists of 1,147 of the top 5% most serious juvenile offenders in the Netherlands. A part of the sample, 728 juvenile offenders who had been released from the institution for at least 2 years, was included in analyses on recidivism and the prediction of recidivism. Six subgroups of serious juvenile offenders were identified with cluster analysis on the basis of their scores on 70 static and dynamic risk factors: Cluster 1, antisocial identity; Cluster 2, frequent offenders; Cluster 3, flat profile; Cluster 4, sexual problems and weak social identity; Cluster 5, sexual problems; and Cluster 6, problematic family background. Clusters 4 and 5 are the most serious offenders before treatment, committing mainly sex offences. However, they have significantly lower rates of recidivism than the other four groups. For each of the six clusters, a unique set of risk factors was found to predict severity of recidivism. The results suggest that intervention should aim at different risk factors for each subgroup. PMID:21131311

  4. The Juvenile Counseling and Assessment Model and Program: A Conceptualization and Intervention for Juvenile Delinquency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calhoun, Georgia B.; Glaser, Brian A.; Bartolomucci, Christi L.

    2001-01-01

    Presents a model of conceptualization and intervention for juvenile delinquency. Model includes the characteristics of the adolescent, ecological context in which the adolescent lives, and the interaction among these variables. Describes a specific integrated service, training, and research project based on the model. The project utilizes a…

  5. Juvenile diabetes eye complications and treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dujić Mirjana P.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Diabetes mellitus (DM is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia. The aim of this study was to explore the prognosis of patients with juvenile DM regarding diabetic eye complications, as well as the course of the diabetic eye disease related to the treatment undertaken. Methods. The study series involved 33 patients with juvenile DM during the period 1992-2007. The influence of the following factors on the course of the disease was estimated: age, the age of the disease onset, time when eye complications appeared, treatment modalities. Results. Of the total of 33 diabetics 15 patients were followed for 10 or more years and 18 from 5 to 9 years. At the time of their first visit the mean age was 23.12 ± 6.39 and the mean duration of DM was 17.42 ± 7.42 years. On their first visit, 7 eyes were without any complication. Most of the patients already developed clinical signs of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (41.39%, the signs of nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (13.13% and macula involvement (10.10%. Diabetic cataract was found in 8.8% as well as tractional retinal detachment. Eleven out of 66 eyes were with vitreous hemorrhage. Two patients (5.5% suffered neovascular glaucoma. There was 1 (2.2% patient with developed rubeosis iridis and simplex glaucoma. Panretinal photocoagulation was performed in 65% of patients, focal photocoagulation in 15%, 12% patients underwent pars plana vitrectomy and 4% had cataract surgery with intraocular lens implantation and peripheral retinal kryopexy. Conclusion. Total vision loss due to eye complications of juvenile DM may be prevented if timely diagnosed with regular check ups and early treatment.

  6. Screening for uveitis in juvenile chronic arthritis.

    OpenAIRE

    Kanski, J. J.

    1989-01-01

    Three hundred and fifteen patients with anterior uveitis associated with juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) were studied in order to identify the various risk factors for uveitis. Girls were more susceptible to uveitis than boys by a ratio of 3:1. In 94% of cases the uveitis was diagnosed after the development of arthritis. The risk of uveitis was small after seven or more years had elapsed from the onset of arthritis. Patients with pauciarticular onset JCA had the highest risk of uveitis and s...

  7. IMPACTUL PRESEI ASUPRA DELICVENŢEI JUVENILE

    OpenAIRE

    CIOBANU Gheorghe

    2015-01-01

    Lucrarea în cauză e un rezultat al unui studiu asupra schimbărilor comportamentale ale adolescenţilor, influenţate de unele materiale publicistice. Departe de intenţia de a reveni la cenzura de altădată, autorul pledează pentru o auto-cenzură, pentru o autoexigenţă în procesul de creaţie, pentru o responsabilitate sporită pentru cuvântul scris sau rostit.THE IMPACT OF MEDIA ON THE JUVENILE DELINQUENCYThis writing is a result of a study of teenager’s behavior changes influenced by journalistic...

  8. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis: the paediatric perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jordan, Alison [Birmingham Children' s Hospital, Department of Adolescent Rheumatology, Birmingham (United Kingdom); McDonagh, Janet E. [Birmingham Children' s Hospital, Institute of Child Health, Birmingham (United Kingdom)

    2006-08-15

    Paediatric rheumatology is a relatively new specialty that has developed rapidly over the last 30 years. There have been major advances, which have included improvements in the classification and management of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The former has led to enhanced international collaboration with disease registries, multicentre research and the development of new therapeutic agents. This has resulted in improved disease control and remission induction in many. There is, however, still significant morbidity associated with JIA during childhood, adolescence and adulthood, and challenges for the future include early identification of those with a poorer prognosis, appropriate administration of safe therapies and optimizing outcomes as young people move through adolescence into adulthood. (orig.)

  9. Empirically Based Strategies for Preventing Juvenile Delinquency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pardini, Dustin

    2016-04-01

    Juvenile crime is a serious public health problem that results in significant emotional and financial costs for victims and society. Using etiologic models as a guide, multiple interventions have been developed to target risk factors thought to perpetuate the emergence and persistence of delinquent behavior. Evidence suggests that the most effective interventions tend to have well-defined treatment protocols, focus on therapeutic approaches as opposed to external control techniques, and use multimodal cognitive-behavioral treatment strategies. Moving forward, there is a need to develop effective policies and procedures that promote the widespread adoption of evidence-based delinquency prevention practices across multiple settings. PMID:26980128

  10. Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: Diagnosis and Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Sathish

    2016-04-01

    Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA) is an inflammatory condition characterized by fever, lymphadenopathy, arthritis, rash and serositis. In sJIA, systemic inflammation has been associated with dysregulation of the innate immune system, suggesting that it is an autoinflammatory disorder. IL-1 and IL-6 play a major role in the pathogenesis of sJIA and treatment with IL-1 and IL-6 inhibitors has shown to be highly effective. Recent data suggests that early cytokine blockage might abrogate chronic, destructive, therapy resistant arthritis phase, reflecting a potential "window of opportunity" in the care of children with sJIA. PMID:26916892

  11. The Juvenile Addiction Risk Rating: Development and Initial Psychometrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Michael; Newgent, Rebecca A.

    2016-01-01

    This article describes the development and psychometrics of the Juvenile Addiction Risk Rating. The Juvenile Addiction Risk Rating is a brief screening of addiction potential based on 10 risk factors predictive of youth alcohol and drug-related problems that assists examiners in more accurate treatment planning when self-report information is…

  12. Treatment of Juveniles Who Sexually Offend: An Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Efta-Breitbach, Jill; Freeman, Kurt A.

    2004-01-01

    Juvenile sexual offending is increasingly being recognized as a serious crime among youth. The prevalence of sexual offending and sexual reoffending suggests that many juvenile sex offenders (JSOs) may repeat their offending behaviors if not treated. However, clinical trials evaluating specific interventions are virtually nonexistent. Instead, the…

  13. A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis of Influences on Juvenile Delinquency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, David E.; Katsiyannis, Antonis; Zhang, Dalun; Zhang, Dake

    2014-01-01

    This study examined influences on delinquency and recidivism using structural equation modeling. The sample comprised 199,204 individuals: 99,602 youth whose cases had been processed by the South Carolina Department of Juvenile Justice and a matched control group of 99,602 youth without juvenile records. Structural equation modeling for the…

  14. 28 CFR 0.57 - Criminal prosecutions against juveniles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Criminal prosecutions against juveniles... JUSTICE Criminal Division § 0.57 Criminal prosecutions against juveniles. The Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Criminal Division and his Deputy Assistant Attorneys General are each authorized...

  15. Dating Violence and Girls in the Juvenile Justice System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Patricia J.; Cheng, An-Lin; Peralez-Dieckmann, Esther; Martinez, Elisabeth

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to explore the prevalence and associated behaviors of dating violence among a population of girls in the juvenile justice system. A sample of 590 girls from an urban juvenile justice system completed a questionnaire assessing attitudes and self-efficacy about and occurrence of dating violence. The analysis developed a…

  16. Female Juvenile Offending: A Review of Characteristics and Contexts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullis, Ronald L.; Cornille, Thomas A.; Mullis, Ann K.; Huber, Jessica

    2004-01-01

    We reviewed current literature on female juvenile offending including the scope and nature of offending by female adolescents and the risk and protective factors across ecological contexts. We suggested that female juvenile offending is best viewed within a multidimensional framework in which female adolescent developmental characteristics as well…

  17. Resiliency, Risk, and Substance Use among Hispanic Urban Juvenile Detainees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Elizabeth R.; Karcher, Michael J.; Kelly, Patricia J.; Valescu, Smaranda

    2003-01-01

    A study of resiliency was conducted among 236 urban juvenile detainees. Findings reveal that resiliency processes related differently to risk and protective factors, differed among ethnic groups, and varied by age and gender among juvenile detainees. (Contains 48 references and 4 tables.) (Author)

  18. Assessing Juvenile Sex Offenders to Determine Adequate Levels of Supervision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerdes, Karen E.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    This study analyzed the internal consistency of four inventories used by Utah probation officers to determine adequate and efficacious supervision levels and placement for juvenile sex offenders. Three factors accounted for 41.2 percent of variance (custodian's and juvenile's attitude toward intervention, offense characteristics, and historical…

  19. A Protocol for Reducing Juvenile Recidivism through Relapse Prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roget, Nancy A.; Fisher, Gary L.; Johnson, Michael L.

    1998-01-01

    The connection between alcohol and other drug use and juvenile crime activities is well established. The source of this connection and specific interventions with juvenile offenders involved in alcohol and drug use is unclear. Reviews existing literature and presents an adolescent-specific relapse-prevention protocol that provides a structure for…

  20. Adapting Law-Related Education to Juvenile Justice Settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curd-Larkin, Mary C.

    1987-01-01

    Notes that juvenile justice systems are increasingly turning to law-related education (LRE) programs as a means of providing youths with some of the skills and knowledge which might deter continued delinquent behavior. Describes issues which must be addressed when implementing LRE in juvenile justice settings. (JDH)

  1. The Moral Judgment of Juvenile Delinquents: A Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stams, Geert Jan; Brugman, Daniel; Dekovic, Maja; van Rosmalen, Lenny; van der Laan, Peter; Gibbs, John C.

    2006-01-01

    A meta-analysis of 50 studies was conducted to investigate whether juvenile delinquents use lower levels of moral judgment than their nondelinquent age-mates and, if so, what factors may influence or moderate the developmental delay. The results show a lower stage of moral judgment for juvenile delinquents (d = 0.76). Effect sizes were large for…

  2. Delinquency Cases in Juvenile Court, 2002. OJJDP Fact Sheet #02

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stahl, Anne L.

    2006-01-01

    This fact sheet presents statistics on delinquency cases processed by juvenile courts in 2002. The number of delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts decreased 11 percent between 1997 and 2002. During this time, the number of person offense cases decreased 2 percent, property offense cases decreased 27 percent, drug law violation cases…

  3. Laser capture microdissection of gonads from juvenile zebrafish

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Anne; Nielsen, John; Morthorst, Jane Ebsen;

    2009-01-01

    Background: Investigating gonadal gene expression is important in attempting to elucidate the molecular mechanism of sex determination and differentiation in the model species zebrafish. However, the small size of juvenile zebrafish and correspondingly their gonads complicates this type of...... investigation. Furthermore, the lack of a genetic sex marker in juvenile zebrafish prevents pooling gonads from several individuals. The aim of this study was to establish a method to isolate the gonads from individual juvenile zebrafish allowing future investigations of gonadal gene expression during sex...... was adjusted and optimised to isolate juvenile zebrafish gonads. Results: The juvenile zebrafish gonad is not morphologically distinguishable when using dehydrated cryosections on membrane slides and a specific staining method is necessary to identify the gonads. The protocol setup in this study...

  4. Factors influencing predation on juvenile ungulates and natural selection implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. M. Barber-Meyer

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Juvenile ungulates are generally more vulnerable to predation than are adult ungulates other than senescent individuals, not only because of their relative youth, fragility, and inexperience, but also because of congenital factors. Linnell et al.’s (Wildl. Biol. 1: 209-223 extensive review of predation on juvenile ungulates concluded that research was needed to determine the predisposition of these juveniles to predation. Since then, various characteristics that potentially predispose juvenile ungulates have emerged including blood characteristics, morphometric and other condition factors, and other factors such as birth period, the mother’s experience, and spatial and habitat aspects. To the extent that any of the physical or behavioral traits possessed by juvenile ungulates have a genetic or heritable and partly independent epigenetic component that predisposes them to predation, predators may play an important role in their natural selection. We review the possible influence of these characteristics on predisposing juvenile ungulates to predation and discuss natural selection implications and potential selection mechanisms. Although juvenile ungulates as a class are likely more vulnerable to predation than all but senescent adults, our review presents studies indicating that juveniles with certain tendencies or traits are killed more often than others. This finding suggests that successful predation on juveniles is more selective than is often assumed. Because we are unable to control for (or in some cases even measure the myriad of other possible vulnerabilities such as differences in sensory abilities, intelligence, hiding abilities, tendency to travel, etc., finding selective predation based on the relatively few differences we can measure is noteworthy and points to the significant role that predation on juveniles has in the natural selection of ungulates. Future research should compare characteristics, especially those known to

  5. New Advances in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing-Long Huang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA comprises a group ofheterogeneous disorders of chronic arthritis in childhood withno apparent etiology. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the mostcommon pediatric rheumatic disease and is associated withsignificant long-term morbidity and mortality. There have beenmajor advances in recent years in our understanding of thepathogenesis of JIA, the definition of disease control, and biological treatments for JIA. Multiple environmental and geneticfactors have been linked with the onset and / or the exacerbation of JIA, including perinatal factors, viral and bacterialinfections, epigenetic factors, and malnutrition. However, nosingle causative factor has been identified to date. As ourunderstanding of the complex network of immune cells andinflammatory cytokines has improved, biologics have beendeveloped to modulate the inflammatory processes. Indeed, anumber of such biologics have been demonstrated effective for the treatment of JIA.Although biologic agents may alleviate the inflammation associated with JIA and preventdisability caused by joint destruction, continued and comprehensive observation is requiredto determine the long-term outcomes associated with such treatment

  6. Neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease and juvenile parkinsonism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Sullivan, J D; Hanagasi, H A; Daniel, S E; Tidswell, P; Davies, S W; Lees, A J

    2000-09-01

    Juvenile parkinsonism (onset age boy who presented with asymmetric arm tremor and bulbar symptoms. His paternal great aunt had parkinsonism with onset at age 22 years. Examination revealed parkinsonism in the absence of additional neurologic signs except for delayed pupillary responses to light. He responded well to levodopa but developed motor fluctuations and disabling dyskinesias after 3 years of treatment. Following attempted withdrawal of levodopa at age 24 years, he developed severe aspiration pneumonia complicated by cardiorepiratory arrests and he died 6 months later. At autopsy, the dominant histologic feature was wide-spread neuronal hyaline intranuclear inclusions. Neuronal depletion was observed in the substantia nigra, locus ceruleus, and, to a lesser extent, in the frontal cortex, and inclusions were particularly prominent in these areas. Inclusions were immunoreactive for ubiquitin and were typical of those seen in neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease (NIID), a rare, multisytem neurodegenerative disease. NIID should be considered in the differential diagnosis of juvenile parkinsonism. A link between NIID and hereditary neurodegenerative disorders characterized by expanded polyglutamine tracts is supported by the similar appearance of intranuclear inclusions in both conditions and by a family history in some cases of NIID. PMID:11009211

  7. Juvenile-onset hypothyroidism in a dog

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Juvenile-onset hypothyroidism was diagnosed in an adult mixed-breed dog examined because of quadraparesis. Unusual clinical signs attributable to juvenile-onset or congenital hypothyroidism included disproportionate dwarfism; enlarged, protruding tongue; mental dullness; and retention of a 'puppy' coat, which was soft and fluffy, without guard hairs. Radiography of the vertebral column and long bones revealed multiple areas of delayed epiphyseal closure and epiphyseal dysgenesis. Myelography demonstrated several intervertebral disk protrusions in the cervical and lumbar regions. Hypothyroidism was confirmed on the basis of a low basal serum thyroxine concentration that failed to increase after the administration of thyroid stimulating hormone. Other laboratory abnormalities included nonregenerative, normocytic, normochromic anemia; mild hypercalcemia; and an impaired growth hormone (GH) secretory response after xylazine administration. At necropsy, the thyroid gland was small and weighed only 0.2g. Microscopic examination of the thyroid gland revealed a loss of glandular tissue, which was replaced by adipose tissue along its periphery. Gross or microscopic abnormalities were not noted in the pituitary gland, and immunohistochemical staining of the pituitary gland revealed a normal number of GH-containing acidophils. This suggests that primary hypothyroidism may result in an impaired secretion of growth hormone, and that pituitary dwarfism or GH deficiency may be difficult to differentiate from hypothyroid dwarfism on the basis of provocative GH testing alone

  8. Juvenile Delinquency and Teenage Pregnancy: A Comparison of Ecological Risk Profiles among Midwestern White and Black Female Juvenile Offenders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khurana, Atika; Cooksey, Elizabeth C.; Gavazzi, Stephen M.

    2011-01-01

    The authors examined ecological risk factors associated with teen pregnancy with a sample of 1,190 court-involved female juvenile offenders between 11 and 18 years of age. Data were obtained from five Midwestern juvenile county courts using a recently developed youth risk assessment instrument called the global risk assessment device (GRAD). In…

  9. Juvenile cellulitis in a puppy – case reportsCelulite juvenil canina – relato de casos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Fonseca-Alves

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Juvenile cellulitis or juvenile sterile granulomatous lymphadenitis is a rare disorder that affects puppies between three weeks to six months years old. Clinical signs include alopecia, edema, papules, pustules and crusts especially on eyelids. Definitive diagnosis requires cytological and histological evaluation and early and aggressive therapy is recommended, once scars after recovery can be severe .The choice treatment is the high dose of corticosteroids use such as prednisone. Three animals of canine species were attended at the Veterinary Hospital Clinical Small Animal Service presenting different clinical signs. Hemogram, skin lesions and submandibular lymph nodes cytological examination was collected and analyzed. The treatment was instituted, using cephalexin (22mg/kg, twice daily up to control of secondary bacterial infection, and prednisone (2mg/kg, once a day until clinical resolution. Complete cure was obtained at the end of treatment. The aim of this work is to report three clinical cases of juvenile cellulitis in dogs. A celulite juvenil ou linfadenite granulomatosa estéril juvenil, é um distúrbio raro que acomete filhotes com idade entre três semanas a seis meses. Os sinais clínicos incluem alopecia, edema, pápulas, pústulas e crostas especialmente em pálpebras. O diagnóstico definitivo requer exames citológico e histopatológico e a terapia precoce e agressiva é preconizada, pois as cicatrizes após recuperação podem ser graves. O tratamento de escolha consiste no uso de altas doses dos glicocorticoides, como prednisona. Foram atendidos no Hospital Veterinário, três animais da espécie canina, apresentando sinais clínicos variados. Foram realizados hemograma, exame citológico das lesões de pele e dos linfonodos submandibulares. O tratamento foi instituído, utilizando-se cefalexina na dose de 22 mg/kg, duas vezes ao dia, até controle de infecção bacteriana secundária e prednisona na dose de 2mg/kg, uma vez

  10. Conocimiento práctico y conocimiento académico en los profesores del nivel inicial (seis preguntas Everyday vs academic knowledge among early childhood teachers (six questions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Julia Guzmán Rodríguez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen El presente artículo, producto de un proceso de investigación cualitativa adelantado con profesoras del nivel inicial, quienes contaban con diferentes niveles de formación y trabajaban en colegios con diversas características, se centra en la reflexión sobre las formas en que aprenden a enseñar a leer y a escribir a los niños. Se encontró que independientemente del nivel de formación que tengan las profesoras, su principal fuente de aprendizaje son las prácticas. A partir de estos hallazgos se plantean algunas preguntas sobre la relación entre la teoría y las prácticas cotidianas en la formación docente y lo que esto sugiere a las instituciones formadoras de maestros.Abstract This paper, the result of a qualitative research process, serves as a reflection on the ways in which early childhood teachers who belong to schools with different characteristics and possess different levels of training, learn to teach reading and writing to boys and girls. It was found that, independent of their level of training and education, practice in the classroom served as their main source of learning. From these findings, some questions emerge about the relationship between the theory and the everyday practice in the training of educators and what this suggests for the institutions responsible for such activity.

  11. 28 CFR 0.94 - Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Delinquency Prevention. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention is headed by an...., relating to juvenile delinquency, the improvement of juvenile justice systems and missing children. ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Office of Juvenile Justice...

  12. Modern approaches to surgical treatment of juvenile hemangiomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dubensky V.V.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim: studying of clinical and functional features of juvenile hemangioma to identify indications to their removal. Analysis of the nature of side effects at the different methods of treatment and determination of efficiency of the ra-diowave moving away of juvenile hemangioma. Materials and methods. The study involved 216 children with juvenile hemangioma and 14 adult patients with persistent hemangioma. Radiowave treatment was conducted to 32 children with superficial juvenile hemangioma. Results. Superficial juvenile hemangioma are diagnosed in 76.1%, thus the highest prevalence of superficial juvenile hemangioma of small diameter and thickness. At the inspection of children with complications of different methods of treatment of hemangioma found the prevalence of formation of pathological scars, during removing of hemangioma by carbon-dioxide laser and at a scelerotherapy — 58,3%. Swelling and soreness at the radio wave moving away at most patients (84,3% passed through 3 days, recovery after a 1 session came at 65,6% of patients, after 2 sessions — at 28,2%, after 3 sessions — at 6,2%. At watching the patients of this group during one to three years their proof recovery is set. Conclusion. High postoperative cosmetic effect under strict indications for surgical removal, the absence of relapses and the low percentage of continued growth (6.2% after the second session deletion allow to recommend high-frequency radio wave removing for the treatment of superficial juvenile hemangioma of the skin.

  13. Developing social skils of juveniles and social climate in Juvenile Detention Center

    OpenAIRE

    Hubert Kupiec

    2012-01-01

    The social competences are important in construction of effective interpersonal rate, which are important in assure people correct functioning in society. The juvenile have a deficits of social competences because their socialization is incorrect and it makes difficult suitable functioning in society. So, it should developing their social competences within the process of leading social rehabilitation by professionals. Author in his article describes how the delinquent pupil’s social competen...

  14. The hormonal regulation of life processes in insects (2.) The anti-juvenile hormones (1.)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Those compounds that decrease either the level or activity of natural endogenous juvenile hormones in insects are called anti-juvenile hormones (AJH). The possible effects of anti-juvenile hormones are manifold: they may inhibit special enzymes or the bindings of juvenile hormones to receptors and transport proteins or may cause the destruction of corpora allata, the sources of juvenile hormones. The most obvious possibility to elicit an anti-juvenile hormone effect lies in the inhibition of enzymes participating in the biosynthesis of juvenile hormones

  15. Hydroxy juvenile hormones: new putative juvenile hormones biosynthesized by locust corpora allata in vitro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darrouzet, E; Mauchamp, B; Prestwich, G D; Kerhoas, L; Ujváry, I; Couillaud, F

    1997-11-26

    The in vitro production of sesquiterpenoids was investigated by using corpora allata (CA) of the African locust Locusta migratoria migratorioides. Labeled products from unstimulated biosynthesis were extracted, purified by normal phase HPLC, and derivatized to determine the functional groups present. An extra hydroxyl group was detected in each of two juvenile hormone (JH) biosynthetic products. One compound, NP-8, was found to co-migrate with a chemically-synthesized (Z)-hydroxymethyl isomer, 12'-OH JH-III, but not with the (E)-hydroxymethyl isomer, 12-OH JH III. Mass spectral analyses further supported the identity of the synthetic material with that biosynthesized by the corpora allata. A second compound was identified as the 8'-OH JH-III based on spectroscopic analyses. 12'-OH JH-III exhibited morphogenetic activity when tested on the heterospecific Tenebrio test. These data suggest that 12'-OH JH-III and 8'-OH JH-III are additional biosynthetically-produced and biologically-active juvenile hormones, and constitute the first known members of the class of hydroxy juvenile hormones (HJHs). PMID:9398639

  16. Examining Antisocial Behavioral Antecedents of Juvenile Sexual Offenders and Juvenile Non-Sexual Offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCuish, Evan C; Lussier, Patrick; Corrado, Raymond R

    2015-08-01

    In prospective longitudinal studies of juvenile offenders, the presence of multiple developmental pathways of antisocial behaviors has consistently been identified. An "antisocial" type of juvenile sex offender (JSO) has also been identified; however, whether antisocial JSOs follow different antisocial pathways has not been examined. In the current study, differences in antisocial pathways within JSOs and between JSOs and juvenile non-sex offenders (JNSOs) were examined. Data on Canadian male incarcerated adolescent offenders were used to identify whether behavioral antecedents differed within JSOs and between JSOs (n = 51) and JNSOs (n = 94). Using latent class analysis (LCA), three behavioral groups were identified. For both JSOs and JNSOs, there was a Low Antisocial, Overt, and Covert group. Overall, there were important within-group differences in the behavioral patterns of JSOs, but these differences resembled differences in the behavioral patterns of their JNSO counterpart. Risk factors including offense history, abuse history, and family history were more strongly associated with the Overt and Covert groups compared with the Low Antisocial group. Implications for JSO assessment practices were discussed. PMID:24487119

  17. Statistical indicators and trends in juvenile delinquency in modern Russia

    OpenAIRE

    Yuzikhanova E.G.

    2014-01-01

    Statistics of juvenile delinquency in Russia for ten years, allowing to determine its current trends, is presented. It’s noted that earlier the proportion of juveniles among all criminals was about 11-12%. During the period from 2003 to 2013 the proportion of juveniles in the total number of identified offenders decreased to 6%. Despite the reduction in the number of crimes committed by this category of persons, for several years the largest criminal activity is maintained in the age group 16...

  18. The case of juvenile polygraphy as a clinical ethics dilemma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaffin, Mark

    2011-09-01

    Polygraph interrogations are used by half of all surveyed juvenile sex offender (JSO) treatment programs in the United States. This is a distinctive and controversial practice that is rarely if ever used with other juvenile delinquent populations, and that is rarely used or is banned from JSO treatment programs in other countries. Clinical polygraphy is an ethically sensitive issue because it involves mental health therapists in involuntary coercive interrogations of minors. This article reviews core mental health professional ethics principles for juveniles. JSO polygraphy is used as an illustrative issue for applying human rights principles to a practice in light of its benefits, risks, and available alternatives. PMID:20944059

  19. Inside the Inner London Juvenile Court, c.1909-1953

    OpenAIRE

    Bradley, Kate

    2009-01-01

    This article considers the workings of an individual juvenile court – the branch of the Inner London Juvenile Court, which sat at Old Street from 1910 and Toynbee Hall from 1929. It examines the spatial environment of the juvenile court before using data sampled from the court registers between 1910 and 1950 to analyse the progress of children and young people through the court and the strategies used by the magistrates to deal with them. Finally, it looks at the social work backgrounds and c...

  20. MR imaging of arthropathies of juvenile arthritis and hemophilia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The arthropathies of juvenile arthritis and hemophilia have in common abnormal hyperplastic synovium leading to marginal bone erosion, articular cartilage destruction, subchondral bone exposure, and dissolution and ultimately collapse of the affected joint. The authors examined children and young adults with juvenile arthritis and hemophilia by MR imaging and found that they could identify hyperplastic synovium, articular cartilage lesions, bone erosions, and joint effusions. This has therapeutic implications since identification of progressive synovial hyperplasia and/or early cartilage or marginal bone erosion may lead to earlier synovectomy in patients with hemophilia or switch to second line drugs in patients with juvenile arthritis, in an attempt to prevent progressive joint destruction

  1. Hypoglycemia and hemostatic parameters in juvenile-onset diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilsted, J; Madsbad, S; Nielsen, J D;

    1980-01-01

    Hypoglycemia was induced by intravenous infusion of insulin in six juvenile-onset diabetic subjects. Hemostatic parameters were assessed before insulin infusion and 0, 1, and 2 h after discontinuation of insulin infusion. The onset of hypoglycemia coincided with an enhancement of ADP-induced plat......Hypoglycemia was induced by intravenous infusion of insulin in six juvenile-onset diabetic subjects. Hemostatic parameters were assessed before insulin infusion and 0, 1, and 2 h after discontinuation of insulin infusion. The onset of hypoglycemia coincided with an enhancement of ADP...... potentially lead to intravascular coagulation in juvenile-onset diabetic patients....

  2. GANGGUAN PERTUMBUHAN MANDIBULA PADA JUVENILE RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ria Puspitawati

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA is a systemic disease on childhood, which has chronic arthritis as its most prominent manifestation. One very common complication of JRA is growth disturbance. JRA involving temporomandibular joint usually result in mandibular growth retardation which eventually can lead to micrognathia, retrognathia, malocclusion and other mandibulofacial developmental aberrations. Factors considered to be the cause of these growth and developmental disturbances are: congenital, the disease's direct effect on the condyle, functional deficiency of the temporomandibular joint, duration, age of disease onset and type of the JRA and corticosteroid therapy. However, the mechanism for the mandibulofacial growth and developmental aberrations due to JRA are not fully understood. This literature review will discuss the hypotheses concerning mechanisms of those growth and developmental disturbances, especially based on clinical and radiographic studies on JRA cases.

  3. Institutional games played by confined juveniles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartollas, C; Sieverdes, C M

    1983-01-01

    This study examined the games played by 561 juvenile offenders confined in six coeducational correctional facilities in one state. The types of games these residents used against staff and peers within the confines of the institution varied considerably. The study documented nineteen games used by males and females, twelve to deal with staff and seven to deal with peers. The games were defined as therapeutic games, material games, psychological games, and physical games. Peer-oriented games included attention-seeking activities and a variety of dominance games. Additionally, these games were described and tabulated according to the sex and race of the residents. The conclusion was that game-playing behavior was no less frequent in coeducational institutions than it was in single-sex institutions. PMID:6650271

  4. IMPACTUL PRESEI ASUPRA DELICVENŢEI JUVENILE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe CIOBANU

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Lucrarea în cauză e un rezultat al unui studiu asupra schimbărilor comportamentale ale adolescenţilor, influenţate de unele materiale publicistice. Departe de intenţia de a reveni la cenzura de altădată, autorul pledează pentru o auto-cenzură, pentru o autoexigenţă în procesul de creaţie, pentru o responsabilitate sporită pentru cuvântul scris sau rostit.THE IMPACT OF MEDIA ON THE JUVENILE DELINQUENCYThis writing is a result of a study of teenager’s behavior changes influenced by journalistic work. The author is not militating for the past censorship, but he pleads for an autocensorship, for an auto exigency during the creation process, for a high responsibility for written word or for the spoken one.

  5. Light demands of juvenile Laminaria japonica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fei, Xiugeng; Jiang, Benyu; Ding, Meili; Wu, Yajing; Huang, Ruyi; Li, Hanchang

    1989-03-01

    The light demands of seaweeds is an interesting and rather complex phenomenon because they depend not only on the species but also on their different development stages. Even different parts of the same plant sometimes have different light demands. Light control is an important procedure at large scale Laminaria nursery stations in China. Technicians and scientists have different viewpoints on the best method to regulate light. A culture study on Laminaria japonica starting from zoospores to several centimeter sporophytes to find the optimal and critical irradiance ranges for juvenile Laminaria at different development stages added more knowledge on this aspect. Experiment results show gametophytes can not tolerate irradiance of more than 150 μE m-2s-1 while sporophytes can tolerate more than 519 μE m-2s-1. This big difference starts from the very early stage of 1-to 2-celled sporophytes. The biological basis and mechanism of this phenomenon need further research.

  6. Culture and characterization of juvenile rabbit tenocytes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard-Beaubois, K; Hecquet, C; Houcine, O; Hayem, G; Adolphe, M

    1997-02-01

    The culture of rabbit tenocytes could be a useful model in the study of the physiopathology and pharmacotoxicology of tendons. This work was undertaken to examine the in vitro behavior of tenocytes form juvenile rabbit Achilles tendons. We report observations of the morphological and biological characteristics of primary culture and subsequent passages of rabbit tendon cells cultured in monolayer. Data obtained by electron microscopy and growth curves were complementary. After 36 passages, the generation time of tenocytes did not change and no sign of senescence could be seen. Primary culture and the first passages retained the expression of tenocyte differentiated functions, synthesis of type I collagen and decorin. Cell growth behavior was not modified upon passaging. However, when subcultured, tenocytes displayed a modulated phenotype. PMID:9049100

  7. Chemical Evolution of the Juvenile Universe

    CERN Document Server

    Wasserburg, G J

    2009-01-01

    Only massive stars contribute to the chemical evolution of the juvenile universe corresponding to [Fe/H]-0.32. Recent observations show that there are stars with [Sr/Fe]<-2 and [Fe/H]<-3. This proves that the two-component model is not correct and that a third component is necessary to explain the observations. This leads to a simple three-component model including low-mass and normal SNe II and hypernovae (HNe), which gives a good description of essentially all the data for stars with [Fe/H]<-1.5. We conclude that HNe are more important than normal SNe II in the chemical evolution of the low-A elements, in sharp distinction to earlier models. (Abridged)

  8. Juvenile myasthenia gravis: a paediatric perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finnis, Maria F; Jayawant, Sandeep

    2011-01-01

    Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease in which antibodies are directed against the postsynaptic membrane of the neuromuscular junction, resulting in muscle weakness and fatigability. Juvenile myasthenia gravis (JMG) is a rare condition of childhood and has many clinical features that are distinct from adult MG. Prepubertal children in particular have a higher prevalence of isolated ocular symptoms, lower frequency of acetylcholine receptor antibodies, and a higher probability of achieving remission. Diagnosis in young children can be complicated by the need to differentiate from congenital myasthenic syndromes, which do not have an autoimmune basis. Treatment commonly includes anticholinesterases, corticosteroids with or without steroid-sparing agents, and newer immune modulating agents. Plasma exchange and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) are effective in preparation for surgery and in treatment of myasthenic crisis. Thymectomy increases remission rates. Diagnosis and management of children with JMG should take account of their developmental needs, natural history of the condition, and side-effect profiles of treatment options. PMID:22110902

  9. Criminal history and future offending of juveniles convicted of the possession of child pornography

    OpenAIRE

    Aebi, Marcel; Plattner, Belinda; Ernest, Melanie; Kaszynski, Katie; Bessler, Cornelia

    2014-01-01

    Most child pornography is distributed online. It is estimated that 3% to 15% of child pornography consumers are juveniles. The present study analyzed a consecutive sample of 54 male juveniles convicted of the possession of child pornography. Demographic characteristics, criminal history, and subsequent offending were assessed from criminal files and official reports. Juvenile possessors of child pornography were compared to three different groups of juveniles: Juvenile possessors of other ill...

  10. Radiographic skeletal changes in juvenile GM1-gangliosidosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Die Verfasser berichten ueber zwei Faelle juveniler, biochemisch verifizierter Gangliosidose (Ablagerung von GM1-Gangliosiden) in Jugendlichen. Die roentgenographisch ermittelten Skelettveraenderungen werden eingehend beschrieben und bereits frueher veroeffentlichte Fallbeschreibungen kritisch beleuchtet. (orig.)

  11. Juvenile Salmonid IGF-I Data - Ocean Survival of Salmonids

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A study to evaluate the role of changing ocean conditions on growth and survival of juvenile salmon from the Columbia River basin as they enter the Columbia River...

  12. Juvenile Swordfish (Xiphias gladius) Specimens Collected from 1991-2002

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Juvenile swordfish caught throughout the Pacific Ocean collected by Hawaii longline observers, aboard the Thomas Cromwell research vessel, and donated by various...

  13. Juvenile otosclerosis: a case presentation and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markou, Konstantinos; Stavrakas, Marios; Karkos, Petros; Psillas, Georgios

    2016-01-01

    Otosclerosis in childhood and adolescence or juvenile otosclerosis is a rare disorder resulting in conductive hearing loss. A 9-year-old boy presented to our clinic, suffering from moderate hearing loss. According to his parents, his hearing acuity had progressively deteriorated over the past 2 years. Otoscopy and tympanometry revealed bilateral secretory otitis media and the patient underwent bilateral grommet insertion. However, he continued to report of hearing loss and a right exploratory tympanotomy was performed. Stapedial fixation was confirmed, being compatible with juvenile otosclerosis, and we proceeded to a right stapedotomy. One year later, follow-up showed satisfactory outcome with an air-bone gap closure to 10 dB. Juvenile otosclerosis with the coexistence of persistent secretory otitis media can be overlooked. Affected children from 9 years of age are strongly motivated to undergo stapes surgery for juvenile otosclerosis, following parental consent. PMID:27084899

  14. Acute respiratory failure in 3 children with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gustafsson, Britt; Hellebostad, Marit; Ifversen, Marianne;

    2011-01-01

    Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia is a rare hematopoietic stem cell disease in children with features of both myelodysplasia and myeloproliferation. Extramedullary involvement has been reported and pulmonary involvement secondary to leukemic infiltration is an initial manifestation, which may result...

  15. Acute Respiratory Failure in 3 Children With Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gustafsson, Britt; Hellebostad, Marit; Ifversen, Marianne;

    2011-01-01

    Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia is a rare hematopoietic stem cell disease in children with features of both myelodysplasia and myeloproliferation. Extramedullary involvement has been reported and pulmonary involvement secondary to leukemic infiltration is an initial manifestation, which may result...

  16. Juvenile Salmonid Otolith Data - Ocean Survival of Salmonids

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A study to evaluate the role of changing ocean conditions on growth and survival of juvenile salmon from the Columbia River basin as they enter the Columbia River...

  17. Juvenile Salmonid Pathogen Data - Ocean Survival of Salmonids

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A study to evaluate the role of changing ocean conditions on growth and survival of juvenile salmon from the Columbia River basin as they enter the Columbia River...

  18. Juvenile Salmonid Trophic Data - Ocean Survival of Salmonids

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A study to evaluate the role of changing ocean conditions on growth and survival of juvenile salmon from the Columbia River basin as they enter the Columbia River...

  19. Juvenile Salmon Scale Data - Ocean Survival of Salmonids

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A study to evaluate the role of changing ocean conditions on growth and survival of juvenile salmon from the Columbia River basin as they enter the Columbia River...

  20. Measurements and Counts for Larval and Juvenile Pseudopentaceros Specimens

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Armorhead (Pseudopentaceros wheeleri) larvae and juveniles were collected in the vicinity of the Northwest and Southeast Hancock Seamounts During 1984 and 1985....

  1. Juvenile Salmonid Parasite Data - Ocean Survival of Salmonids

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A study to evaluate the role of changing ocean conditions on growth and survival of juvenile salmon from the Columbia River basin as they enter the Columbia River...

  2. SWFSC FED Mid Water Trawl Juvenile Rockfish Survey, CTD Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — SWFSC FED Mid Water Trawl Juvenile Rockfish Survey: CTD Data. Surveys have been conducted along the central California coast in May/June every year since 1983. In...

  3. SWFSC FED Mid Water Trawl Juvenile Rockfish Survey, Surface Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — SWFSC FED Mid Water Trawl Juvenile Rockfish Survey: Station Information and Surface Data. Surveys have been conducted along the central California coast in May/June...

  4. Effects of water velocity on activity of juvenile striped bass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bowles, R.R.; Griffith, J.S.; Coutant, C.C.

    1976-07-01

    The swimming activity of juvenile striped bass (Morone saxatilis Walbaum) 8 to 80 mm long was investigated in a test chamber simulating, on a small scale, a fixed-screen cooling water intake structure. As water velocity increased from 0 to 30 cm/sec area and distance traveled by juvenile bass 10 to 80 mm long decreased. However, as water velocity increased from 0 to 3 cm/sec the area and distance covered by larval bass increased. The presence of food increased the activity of larval bass, but decreased the activity of juveniles. Area ranged by striped bass at test velocities ranging from 0 to 30 cm/sec increased in proportion to body length. Juvenile striped bass tested at acclimation temperatures between 20 and 5/sup 0/C experienced a 30% reduction of activity. Activity was also reduced as temperature increased from 20 to 30/sup 0/C.

  5. Juvenile Salmonid Genetic Stock Identification Data - Ocean Survival of Salmonids

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A study to evaluate the role of changing ocean conditions on growth and survival of juvenile salmon from the Columbia River basin as they enter the Columbia River...

  6. Tumor microenvironmental genomic alterations in juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Silveira, Sara Martoreli; Custódio Domingues, Maria Aparecida; Butugan, Ossamu;

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: To better characterize the pathophysiology of juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA), endothelial and stromal cells were evaluated by genomic imbalances in association with transcript expression levels of genes mapped on these altered regions. METHODS: High-resolution comparative...

  7. DE LA PREGUNTA ¿QUÉ ES LA CRÍTICA?, A ¿QUÉ HACE LA CRÍTICA? PARA FINALMENTE INDAGAR ¿A QUIÉN LE INTERESA LA CRÍTICA TELEVISIVA?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yamila Heram

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En el siglo XX se produjo una amplia proliferación de las industrias culturales (radio, televisión, video, Internet. Esta masificación de la cultura otorgó un nuevo lugar a la crítica, anteriormente reservada a la literatura y extensiva a otras artes, y luego prolongable a los medios masivos de comunicación como objeto de interés. En lo que respecta a la crítica televisiva, se parte de un problema, que podríamos resumirlo como el de analizar, interpretar y evaluar “un objeto democrático”; todos consumimos televisión y todos tenemos algo para decir acerca de ella, pero ¿a quién le importa la crítica televisiva? Por eso, de los tres interrogantes que se desprenden del título nos interesa detenernos en este último, ya que si bien no pretendemos obviar definiciones, ni funciones, consideramos que el énfasis en esta última pregunta acarrea un análisis por las determinaciones. A modo de hipótesis consideramos que una posible y contextual respuesta permitirá dar cuenta de los desplazamientos y tensiones en la manera de abordar la temática de la televisión por parte del campo académico por un lado y por el otro, de cierta prensa de interpretación y orientación cultural.

  8. La vigencia de la pregunta teológica por el término "persona" para la imagen del hombre en la actualidad: El aporte de Hans Urs von Balthasar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Casale R.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza el problema del hombre desde la perspectiva del concepto "persona", en cuanto ser singular-concreto, en el planteo teológico y filosófico de H. Urs von Balthasar. Este análisis se hace a la luz de algunos los aportes más significativos de la filosofía contemporánea con respecto al término persona. Con ello se quiere señalar el aporte específico que desde la teología se puede realizar para comprender mejor aquel concepto clave, a lahora de pensar la interacción entre la pregunta por lo humano y la teología. Este aporte específico tiene que ver sobre todo con la articulación trinitario-cristológica de la persona para iluminar analógicamente a la persona humana en toda su dignidad desde la "relación-con-otros" como constitutivo de ellaThis article analyses the issue of man from the perspective of the concept of "person" as a singular-concrete being, in the theological and philosophical approach made by H. Urs von Baltasar. This analysis is carried out in the light of some of the most significant contributions of modern philosophy regarding the term person. This discussion attempts to point out the specific contribution theology can provide, in order to attain a better understanding of such basic concept, especially when it comes to reflecting on the interaction between the human and theological point of view. Such specific contribution deals, above all, with the Trinitarian-Chistological articulation of the person in order to enlighten, by means of an analogy, the human person in its full dignity considering its "relation with others" as constitutive of its self

  9. Biomass Estimation of Dry Tropical Woody Species at Juvenile Stage

    OpenAIRE

    R. K. Chaturvedi; Raghubanshi, A. S.; Singh, J. S.

    2012-01-01

    Accurate characterization of biomass in different forest components is important to estimate their contribution to total carbon stock. Due to lack of allometric equations for biomass estimation of woody species at juvenile stage, the carbon stored in this forest component is ignored. We harvested 47 woody species at juvenile stage in a dry tropical forest and developed regression models for the estimation of above-ground biomass (AGB). The models including wood-specific gravity ( ) exhibite...

  10. HIV-Risk Reduction with Juvenile Offenders on Probation

    OpenAIRE

    Donenberg, Geri R.; Emerson, Erin; Mackesy-Amiti, Mary Ellen; Udell, Wadiya

    2014-01-01

    Youth involved in the juvenile justice system are at elevated risk for HIV as a result of high rates of sexual risk taking, substance use, mental health problems and sexually transmitted infections. Yet few HIV prevention programs exist for young offenders. This pilot study examined change in juvenile offenders’ sexual activity, drug/alcohol use, HIV testing and counseling, and theoretical mediators of risk taking following participation in PHAT Life, an HIV-prevention progr...

  11. The pedigree of a patient with juvenile glaucoma

    OpenAIRE

    DİLSİZ, Dr. Serdal ÇELEBİ Dr. Orhan AYDEMİR : D

    1999-01-01

    Purpose: The pedigree of nine year old patient diagnosed with juvenile glaucoma has been evaluated. Materials and Methods: The pedigree of seven members (close relatives of proband's from three generations) was investigated and then clinical examinations were performed. Their blood samp/es were analysed for chromosomes. Resu/ts: From this pedigree, it was found that, two cases had juvenile glaucoma, two cases had primary open angle glaucoma and two cases were suspected to have...

  12. Affiliative behavior requires juvenile, but not adult neurogenesis

    OpenAIRE

    Wei, Lan; Meaney, Michael J.; Duman, Ronald S.; Kaffman, Arie

    2011-01-01

    The capacity to interact with conspecifics is essential for stable social networks, reproduction, and survival in mammals. In rodents, social exploration and play behavior increase during the juvenile period suggesting that this timeframe represents an important window for socialization. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms necessary to support this developmental process have not been elucidated. Neurogenesis during the juvenile period, like that in adults, is mainly confined to the...

  13. Juvenile aggressive cemento-ossifying fibroma. A case report.

    OpenAIRE

    Patil K; Mahima V; Balaji P

    2003-01-01

    Juvenile Aggressive Cemento-Ossifying Fibroma is a benign, fibro osseous neoplasm commonly affecting maxilla but also other bones including mandible, arising in children. It is considered to be a locally aggressive and quickly expansile lesion. Because of its aggressive nature and high recurrence rate, an early detection and a complete surgical excision is essential. A case of Juvenile Aggressive Cemento-Ossifying Fibroma in a 9 year old male child who visited the Department of Oral Medicine ...

  14. Psychological characteristics of juvenile offenders with personal immaturity

    OpenAIRE

    E.G. Dozortseva; A.A. Fedonkina

    2013-01-01

    We consider the psychological characteristics of juveniles with personal immaturity who committed socially dangerous actions. We present conceptual psychological approaches to the concepts of “maturity” and “immaturity”, manifestations of maturity and immaturity in adolescents. We describe the prevalence of personal immaturity among juvenile offenders. We analyze individual psychological characteristics specific to the minors with personal immaturity and characterize the phenomenon of persona...

  15. Vascular transcriptional alterations produced by juvenile obesity in Ossabaw swine

    OpenAIRE

    Padilla, Jaume; Jenkins, Nathan T.; Lee, Sewon; Zhang, Hanrui; Cui, Jian; Zuidema, Mozow Y.; Zhang, Cuihua; Hill, Michael A; Perfield, James W.; Jamal A. Ibdah; Booth, Frank W.; Davis, J Wade; Laughlin, M. Harold; Rector, R. Scott

    2013-01-01

    We adopted a transcriptome-wide microarray analysis approach to determine the extent to which vascular gene expression is altered as a result of juvenile obesity and identify obesity-responsive mRNAs. We examined transcriptional profiles in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), perivascular fat adjacent to the LAD, and descending thoracic aorta between obese (n = 5) and lean (n = 6) juvenile Ossabaw pigs (age = 22 wk). Obesity was experimentally induced by feeding the animals a ...

  16. Contrasting movement strategies among juvenile albatrosses and petrels

    OpenAIRE

    Sophie de Grissac; Luca Börger; Audrey Guitteaud; Henri Weimerskirch

    2016-01-01

    Animal movement is a fundamental eco-evolutionary process yet the behaviour of juvenile animals is largely unknown for many species, especially for soaring seabirds which can range widely over the oceans at low cost. We present an unprecedented dataset of 98 juvenile albatrosses and petrels (nine species), tracked for the first three months after independence. There was a startling diversity within and among species in the type and scale of post-natal movement strategies, ranging from area-re...

  17. Occult infarct with acute hemorrhagic stroke in juvenile diabetic ketoacidosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Jainn-Jim; Lin, Kuang-Lin; Wang, Huei-Shyong; Wong, Alex Mun-Ching; Hsia, Shao-Hsuan

    2008-01-01

    Diabetes ketoacidosis (DKA) is one of the common complications of type I insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Neurological deterioration during an episode of DKA is usually assumed to be caused by cerebral edema and cerebral vascular accidents. However, hemorrhagic stroke is a very rare complication of juvenile DKA. We describe a girl who had newly diagnosed insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus with juvenile DKA developed intracerebral hemorrhage. PMID:17629647

  18. Sports Participation and Juvenile Delinquency: A Meta-Analytic Review

    OpenAIRE

    Spruit, A.; Vugt, van, M.; Put, Van Der, Marius; Stouwe, van der, T.; Stams, G.J.

    2015-01-01

    Participation in sports activities is very popular among adolescents, and is frequently encouraged among youth. Many psychosocial health benefits in youth are attributed to sports participation, but to what extent this positive influence holds for juvenile delinquency is still not clear on both the theoretical and empirical level. There is much controversy on whether sports participation should be perceived as a protective or a risk factor for the development of juvenile delinquency. A multil...

  19. Psychological characteristics of juvenile offenders with constant integration problems

    OpenAIRE

    Démuthová Slávka

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to identify the typical psychological, demographic, socio-economical, educational, health, and criminological characteristics of juvenile delinquents who tend to continue in their criminal career to adulthood and therefore obstruct the possibility of successful, non-offending integration to society. Subjects of research were young male prisoners jailed in the Juvenile imprisonment house that completed the test battery. By ex-post analysis after a period of five years,...

  20. Role-Playing (Psychodrama in the Social Rehabilitation of Juveniles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Grzyb

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the term of psychodrama in the aspect of the social rehabilitation process of juveniles. An important area of considerations is noting the most effective form of work in the modification of socially desirable behavior. Moreover, the identification and wider discussion of the aspect of psychodrama interaction indicates the emotional, therapeutic, and above all correctional dimension, so desired in the social rehabilitation of juveniles.

  1. A Review of HIV Prevention Interventions for Juvenile Offenders

    OpenAIRE

    Tolou-Shams, Marina; Stewart, Angela; Fasciano, John; Brown, Larry K.

    2009-01-01

    Objective To conduct a critical review of all HIV prevention intervention studies conducted with adolescents in juvenile justice settings to inform future intervention development. Method PubMed and PsycInfo database searches were conducted for peer-reviewed, published HIV prevention intervention studies with juvenile offenders. Results Sixteen studies were identified (N = 3,700 adolescents). Half of the projects utilized rigorous methodologies to determine intervention effect on behavior cha...

  2. Juvenile Delinquency in Novel Clockwork Orange By Anthony Burgess

    OpenAIRE

    Bena Yusuf Pelawi

    2014-01-01

    The study aimed to reveal the role of literary work, especially a novel in reflecting the social fenomena, the juvenile delinquency in the twentieth century. The data source was an English novel Clockwork Orange written by Anthony Burgess. The research applied library research by using reflection theory introduced by Georg Lukacs. Analysis was presented in three parts, those were the identification of major character, social setting, and the reflection of juvenile delinquency.The findings wer...

  3. Movements of juvenile Bonelli's eagles aquila Fasciata during dispersal

    OpenAIRE

    Balbontín, Javier; Ferrer, Miguel, ed.imp.lib

    2009-01-01

    Capsule Juvenile non-breeding males and females explored surrounding areas, returned to breeding areas, and settled in temporary settlement areas. Aims To describe movement patterns of juvenile Bonelli's Eagles during the transient phase of dispersal. Methods Radiotelemetry data from 16 individuals were studied. Results Six main temporary settlement areas were located. No sex differences were found in the time to first departure from natal areas, time to the first temporary settlement, or tim...

  4. Microcirculation of the juvenile knee in chronic arthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bünger, Cody; Bülow, J; Tøndevold, E;

    1986-01-01

    In order to investigate pathogenetic factors in growth abnormalities of the knee in hemophilic arthropathy and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, the hemodynamic changes of the knee following chronic synovial inflammation and elevated joint pressure were studied in puppies. Unilateral arthritis was....... The growth plates formed borders for the extension of these changes. The increased permeability and surface area between blood and bone in arthritis may accelerate the resorption and subsequent destruction of subchondral bone in chronic arthropathies of the juvenile knee....

  5. Preguntas y respuestas sobre la epilepsia

    OpenAIRE

    Bardají Fandos, Teodosia

    2006-01-01

    ¿Cuál de las siguientes afirmaciones define mejor la crisis convulsiva? a. Es el resultado de una descarga brusca, anormal por su intensidad e hipersincronía de un grupo de neuronas cerebrales. b. Es la descarga brusca de un grupo de neuronas cerebrales que se repite crónicamente. c. Es la repetición crónica de crisis...

  6. Sports Participation and Juvenile Delinquency: A Meta-Analytic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spruit, Anouk; van Vugt, Eveline; van der Put, Claudia; van der Stouwe, Trudy; Stams, Geert-Jan

    2016-04-01

    Participation in sports activities is very popular among adolescents, and is frequently encouraged among youth. Many psychosocial health benefits in youth are attributed to sports participation, but to what extent this positive influence holds for juvenile delinquency is still not clear on both the theoretical and empirical level. There is much controversy on whether sports participation should be perceived as a protective or a risk factor for the development of juvenile delinquency. A multilevel meta-analysis of 51 published and unpublished studies, with 48 independent samples containing 431 effect sizes and N = 132,366 adolescents, was conducted to examine the relationship between sports participation and juvenile delinquency and possible moderating factors of this association. The results showed that there is no overall significant association between sports participation and juvenile delinquency, indicating that adolescent athletes are neither more nor less delinquent than non-athletes. Some study, sample and sports characteristics significantly moderated the relationship between sports participation and juvenile delinquency. However, this moderating influence was modest. Implications for theory and practice concerning the use of sports to prevent juvenile delinquency are discussed. PMID:26597782

  7. The role of neuroinflammation in juvenile bipolar disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulia Serra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A pathophysiological relationship has been reported between inflammatory processes, decreased levels of neurotrophins, increased oxidative stress and psychiatric disorders in both juvenile and adult ages. Moreover, this relationship remains unclear in juvenile bipolar disorder (BD. We performed a systematic literature review of studies reporting measurements of inflammatory markers, oxidative stress markers or neurotrophins in juvenile and young adult subjects with BD. Concordant findings showed that inflammatory markers are increased since the earlier stages of BD. A positive correlation between decreased levels of a peripheral brain-derived neurotrophic factor and juvenile BD is controversial suggesting that those changes might occur only during the late stage of BD. No changes in central glutathione levels were reported in young adult age BD indicating that oxidative stress may be an outcome of long illness duration and repeated affective episodes. In conclusion, preliminary findings indicate that a certain relationship exists between inflammatory process and juvenile BD but evidence are insufficient to support a causal relationship. Adequately powered and prospective studies are warranted to clarify the role of inflammation, neurotrophins and oxidative stress in juvenile BD.

  8. Juvenility in the context of life history theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hochberg, Z

    2008-06-01

    Homo sapiens is unique in having four prolonged and pronounced postnatal pre-adult life history stages: infancy, which lasts for 30-36 months and ends with weaning from breast feeding in traditional societies; childhood, which lasts for an additional 2-4 years and concludes in a degree of independence as regards protection and food provision; a juvenile stage of 3-4 years that terminates with readiness for sexual maturation; and adolescence, which lasts for 3-5 years and culminates in fertility. Juvenility implies two transitional periods which are only experienced by humans: a transition from childhood to juvenility and from juvenility to adolescence. Juvenility, "the age of reason and responsibility" and concrete operation, coincides with elementary school age and offers opportunities to prepare for the social complexity of adolescence. Here I define the transition to juvenility by three variables: adrenarche (the onset of adrenal androgen generation), growth pattern (decelerating from a linear childhood growth velocity) and adiposity rebound acceleration of body mass index. The data presented suggest that this period is endowed with programming/predictive adaptive responses of body composition to the environment. PMID:18337281

  9. Juvenile delinquency treatment and prevention: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    May, Jessica; Osmond, Kristina; Billick, Stephen

    2014-09-01

    In the last three decades there has been ample research to demonstrate that instituting Multisystemic Therapy for serious juvenile offenders, keeping them in the community with intensive intervention, can significantly reduce recidivism. When there is recidivism, it is less severe than in released incarcerated juveniles. Multisystemic Therapy provides 24 h available parental guidance, family therapy, individual therapy, group therapy, educational support and quite importantly a change of peer group. In New York City, there is the new mandate through the Juvenile Justice Initiative to implement interventions to keep juvenile offenders in the community rather than sending them to be incarcerated. However, this paper aims to examine how teaching prosocial values in early childhood can reduce the incidence of first-time juvenile delinquency. Programs such as the Perry School Project will be discussed to demonstrate that although somewhat expensive, these innovative programs nonetheless are quite cost-effective as the cost to society of adjudication, incarceration and victim damages are significantly greater. Along with teaching prosocial 0020 values, there has been renewed interest in early identification of youth at risk for developing Antisocial Personality Disorder. An update is given on the status of both promising approaches in early intervention to prevent serious juvenile delinquency and hence adult criminality. PMID:24610601

  10. Examination of the influence of juvenile Atlantic salmon on the feeding mode of juvenile steelhead in Lake Ontario tributaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, James H.; Waldt, Emily M.

    2014-01-01

    We examined diets of 1204 allopatric and sympatric juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in three tributaries of Lake Ontario. The diet composition of both species consisted primarily of ephemeropterans, trichopterans, and chironomids, although juvenile steelhead consumed more terrestrial invertebrates, especially at the sympatric sites. Subyearlings of both species consumed small prey (i.e. chironomids) whereas large prey (i.e. perlids) made up a higher percentage of the diet of yearlings. The diet of juvenile steelhead at the allopatric sites was more closely associated with the composition of the benthos than with the drift, but was about equally associated with the benthos and drift at the sympatric sites. The diet of both subyearling and yearling Atlantic salmon was more closely associated with the benthos than the drift at the sympatric sites. The evidence suggests that juvenile steelhead may subtly alter their feeding behavior in sympatry with Atlantic salmon. This behavioral adaptation may reduce competitive interactions between these species.

  11. Las medidas de seguridad en materia penal juvenil Security measures in juvenile criminal law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mayra Campos Zuñiga

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad existe una ardua discusión sobre las sanciones dentro del derecho penal juvenil, tema que cobra especial relevancia cuando nos enfrentamos a conductas delictivas cometidas por personas menores de edad en las cuales se ha determinado su condición de inimputables o toxicómanos a partir de las conclusiones de las pericias respectivas. El cuestionamiento nos lleva a dos posibles soluciones: una darle un abordaje como un problema de salud y excluirlo del derecho penal y otra, mantener la línea tradicional, en la cual se faculta al derecho penal sancionar la conducta delictiva, imponiendo una medida de seguridad. Si se admite la primera posición, la normativa aplicable lo constituye el Código de la Niñez y la Adolescencia, el cual contempla la posibilidad de imponer medidas de protección para quienes están en una situación de vulnerabilidad, dentro de las que se ubican los casos de inimputables y toxicómanos, esto implica admitir medidas de "seguridad o protección" con una naturaleza jurídica de carácter administrativo. Posición que implicaría no sólo una vulneración de derechos sino que contraviene lo señalado por Sala Constitucional, la cual al desarrollar el alcance del artículo 39 de la Constitución Política, ha señalado que la imposición de las sanciones y por ende de las medidas de seguridad gozan de la garantía de la reserva de ley, destacando su naturaleza jurisdiccional y exclusivamente ante la comisión de delitos. La única solución posible en aras del respeto de esta reserva legal, es aplicar, conforme al artículo 9 de la Ley de Justicia Penal Juvenil la legislación penal de adultos y admitir la imposición de medidas de seguridad en la justicia penal juvenil.Currently, there has been an arduous discussion about penalties in juvenile criminal law, topic which becomes especially relevant when we are faced to criminal conducts from people who are underage, in which their condition of not guilty or

  12. Prevention and intervention programs for juvenile offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenwood, Peter

    2008-01-01

    Over the past decade researchers have identified intervention strategies and program models that reduce delinquency and promote pro-social development. Preventing delinquency, says Peter Greenwood, not only saves young lives from being wasted, but also prevents the onset of adult criminal careers and thus reduces the burden of crime on its victims and on society. It costs states billions of dollars a year to arrest, prosecute, incarcerate, and treat juvenile offenders. Investing in successful delinquency-prevention programs can save taxpayers seven to ten dollars for every dollar invested, primarily in the form of reduced spending on prisons. According to Greenwood, researchers have identified a dozen "proven" delinquency-prevention programs. Another twenty to thirty "promising" programs are still being tested. In his article, Greenwood reviews the methods used to identify the best programs, explains how program success is measured, provides an overview of programs that work, and offers guidance on how jurisdictions can shift toward more evidence-based practices The most successful programs are those that prevent youth from engaging in delinquent behaviors in the first place. Greenwood specifically cites home-visiting programs that target pregnant teens and their at-risk infants and preschool education for at-risk children that includes home visits or work with parents. Successful school-based programs can prevent drug use, delinquency, anti-social behavior, and early school drop-out. Greenwood also discusses community-based programs that can divert first-time offenders from further encounters with the justice system. The most successful community programs emphasize family interactions and provide skills to the adults who supervise and train the child. Progress in implementing effective programs, says Greenwood, is slow. Although more than ten years of solid evidence is now available on evidence-based programs, only about 5 percent of youth who should be eligible

  13. Experimental evaluation of co-culture of juvenile sea cucumbers, Holothuria scabra (Jaeger), with juvenile blue shrimp, Litopenaeus stylirostris (Stimpson)

    OpenAIRE

    Purcell, S.; Patrois, Jacques; Fraisse, N

    2006-01-01

    The co-culture of juvenile sea cucumber Holothuria scabra (Jaeger), or 'sandfish', with juvenile blue shrimp Litopenaeus stylirostris (Stimpson) was tested by growing groups in co-culture and monoculture for 3 weeks in tanks with enriched sand substratum. Feed was supplied on trays, accessible only to shrimp. Survival of shrimp and sandfish was high in all treatments (73-100%). Growth of shrimp did not differ between monoculture and co-culture, but sandfish grew significantly slower in co-cul...

  14. Juvenile cellulitis in a puppy – case reports
    Celulite juvenil canina – relato de casos

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Eduardo Fonseca-Alves; Aline Gonçalves Correa; Hérika Xavier da Costa; Fabiana Elias; Helvécio Leal Santos Junior; Sabrina dos Santos Costa; Sabryna Gouveia Calazans

    2012-01-01

    Juvenile cellulitis or juvenile sterile granulomatous lymphadenitis is a rare disorder that affects puppies between three weeks to six months years old. Clinical signs include alopecia, edema, papules, pustules and crusts especially on eyelids. Definitive diagnosis requires cytological and histological evaluation and early and aggressive therapy is recommended, once scars after recovery can be severe .The choice treatment is the high dose of corticosteroids use such as prednisone. Three anima...

  15. Social and psychological aspects of criminal juvenile justice in the world practice (Anglo-Saxon model of juvenile justice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.S. Oshevsky

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The article is the final part of the review of existing foreign models of juvenile criminal justice system. We analyze the principles of juvenile justice in the criminal trial: protective orientation, personalization and social richness of the trial, the emphasis on educational influences. We present the foreign experience of incorporating social, psychological and clinical special knowledge into specialized justice concerning juvenile offenders. We analyze modern trends in the development of juvenile justice in the United States and Canada. We present material related to methods of risk assessment of re-offending among adolescents. We highlight approaches to complex long-term follow-up of juvenile offenders in Anglo-Saxon juvenile justice. We describe some aspects of the probation service using the method of case management. In the context of the accepted “National Strategy for Action for the Benefit of Children for 2012-2017”, the prospects for the development of specialized criminal justice for young offenders in the Russian Federation are discussed

  16. Juvenile Myasthenia Gravis: A Paediatric Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria F. Finnis

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Myasthenia gravis (MG is an autoimmune disease in which antibodies are directed against the postsynaptic membrane of the neuromuscular junction, resulting in muscle weakness and fatigability. Juvenile myasthenia gravis (JMG is a rare condition of childhood and has many clinical features that are distinct from adult MG. Prepubertal children in particular have a higher prevalence of isolated ocular symptoms, lower frequency of acetylcholine receptor antibodies, and a higher probability of achieving remission. Diagnosis in young children can be complicated by the need to differentiate from congenital myasthenic syndromes, which do not have an autoimmune basis. Treatment commonly includes anticholinesterases, corticosteroids with or without steroid-sparing agents, and newer immune modulating agents. Plasma exchange and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG are effective in preparation for surgery and in treatment of myasthenic crisis. Thymectomy increases remission rates. Diagnosis and management of children with JMG should take account of their developmental needs, natural history of the condition, and side-effect profiles of treatment options.

  17. Modern management of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brodie, Martin J

    2016-06-01

    Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a common genetic epilepsy syndrome usually presenting in adolescence and characterized by myoclonic jerks, predominately in the arms, associated with tonic-clonic seizures and less often generalized absences. Although the evidence base for treating JME is weak, most experts regard sodium valproate as drug of first choice. The recent diktat from the European regulatory agency - recommending that sodium valproate should not be prescribed to female children, adolescents or women of childbearing potential unless other treatments were ineffective or not tolerated - has substantially changed the way JME is being managed in this population. This paper reviews the literature underpinning the pharmacological treatment of JME. Data reporting associated symptoms of frontal lobe dysfunction in some patients with JME are discussed, as is the importance of counselling on lifestyle issues as an essential component of management. Long-term studies examining pharmacological and quality-of-life outcomes are reviewed, indicating a range of different phenotypes and likely genotypes underpinning this fascinating disorder. Lastly, a practical approach to managing JME in young men and women is summarized. PMID:27082040

  18. Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma: A single institution study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mistry Rajesh

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND : Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA is a rare tumor of adolescent males and there is a paucity of Indian studies on this subject. AIMS : To present the experience of management of JNA at a single institution. SETTING AND DESIGN : This is a retrospective observational study of patients with JNA who presented at the Tata Memorial Hospital between May 1988 and August 2001. MATERIALS AND METHODS : Thirty-two patients with JNA were treated in the study period. Since the time period was prolonged and diagnostic and therapeutic protocols had undergone many changes, the patients were divided into two groups, namely 1988-1996 and 1997-2001. The age distribution, disease patterns, management approaches and treatment outcomes of patients in the two groups were recorded. Statistical analyses were done using students ′t′ test and test for proportion. RESULTS : The mean age at presentation was 16 years and more than 90% of the patients had Stage III or IV disease. Preoperative embolization was carried out in 19 patients. The surgical approaches used were median maxillectomy, infratemporal fossa, transpalatal, maxillary swing and craniofacial approach. The recurrence rate, complete resection rate and cure rates were 12.5%, 41% and 63% respectively. CONCLUSION : Surgery is the mainstay of treatment of JNA. Preoperative embolization and newer surgical approaches result in less blood loss and complete resection. Aggressive re-resection should be done for resectable recurrences reserving radiotherapy for unresectable, recurrent/ residual disease.

  19. JUVENILE DIFFUSE LARYNGEAL PAPILLOMATOSIS: CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Burgio

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Juvenile laryngeal papillomatosis is a rare benign neoplasm of the larynx in children; incidence is estimated about 4.3/100.000 children and extralaryngeal spread to the lower airway is relatively uncommon. Although it has a clear viral origin factors that characterize the onset and progress are still uncertain. Materials and methods. We report a 7 year old boy with chronic dysphonia, dyspnoea, haemoptysis and anemia who was admitted in our Clinic. The patient was submitted to left cord vocal biopsy for hoarseness. At 2 years it was diagnosed squamous papilloma and it was managed with microdebrider in another country . A laryngo-tracheo-bronchoscopy was performed with biopsies for viral identification and histology, treatment with laser CO2, tracheotomy for diffuse papillomatosis and intralaryngeal antiviral injection. The papillomatosis was extended in glottic and subglottic. Histological report is laryngeal papillomatosis due to HPV types 11. Identification of HPV genotypes was based on PCR. Results. He had 3 procedures of laser CO2 and the mean time between two consecutive surgeries was 20 days. A third laryngoscopy, after 5 week, found no lesion, no scar formation, no bleeding. The patient was discharged after 3 mounth. Conclusion. The natural history of laryngeal papillomatosis is highly variable and unpredictable. The disease may undergo spontaneous remission, persist in a stable state requiring only periodic surgical treatment, or may be aggressive, requiring surgical treatment every few days to weeks and consideration of adjuvant medical therapy.

  20. Clinical aspects of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genton, Pierre; Thomas, Pierre; Kasteleijn-Nolst Trenité, Dorothee G A; Medina, Marco Tulio; Salas-Puig, Javier

    2013-07-01

    Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a recognizable, frequent epileptic syndrome. The most typical ictal phenomenon is bilateral myoclonia without loss of consciousness (M), with most patients also presenting with generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCSs) and some with absence seizures (ASs). The most striking features of JME are its onset around the time of puberty and the fact that seizure episodes occur after awakening from a sleep period or in the evening relaxation period and are facilitated by sleep deprivation and sudden arousal. Photic sensitivity is common in the EEG laboratory but uncommon or unrecognized in daily life. The clinical features of JME make it easy to diagnose. In recent years, awareness of JME has increased, and patients are often accurately diagnosed clinically before confirmation by EEG. The typical circumstance at diagnosis is a first GTCS episode, and one learns during the interview that the patient has had M in the morning for some time before the GTCS episode. There are only few differential diagnoses: the adolescent-onset progressive myoclonus epilepsies, or other forms of idiopathic generalized epilepsies of adolescence. With JME being so common, we propose that a first GTCS episode in a teenager should be considered as revealing JME until proven otherwise. PMID:23756488

  1. The quest for juvenile myoclonic epilepsy genes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado-Escueta, Antonio V; Koeleman, Bobby P C; Bailey, Julia N; Medina, Marco T; Durón, Reyna M

    2013-07-01

    Introduced into a specific population, a juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) mutation generates linkage disequilibrium (LD). Linkage disequilibrium is strongest when the JME mutation is of recent origin, still "hitchhiking" alleles surrounding it, as a haplotype into the next thousands of generations. Recombinations decay LD over tens of thousands of generations causing JME alleles to produce smaller genetic displacements, requiring other genes or environment to produce an epilepsy phenotype. Family-based linkage analysis captures rare epilepsy alleles and their "hitchhiking" haplotypes, transmitted as Mendelian traits, supporting the common disease/multiple rare allele model. Genome-wide association studies identify JME alleles whose linkage disequilibrium has decayed through thousands of generations and are sorting out the common disease/common allele versus rare allele models. Five Mendelian JME genes have been identified, namely, CACNB4, CASR, GABRa1, GABRD, and Myoclonin1/EFHC1. Three SNP alleles in BRD2, Cx-36, and ME2 and microdeletions in 15q13.3, 15q11.2, and 16p13.11 also contribute risk to JME. PMID:23756480

  2. Impaired gap detection in juvenile microgyric rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peiffer, Ann M; Friedman, Jennifer T; Rosen, Glenn D; Fitch, R Holly

    2004-09-17

    Previous research with adult animal models links the presence of cortical neuromigrational anomalies (i.e., microgyria similar to that found in brains of dyslexics) with rapid auditory processing (RAP) impairments. RAP impairments are in turn found in children with specific language impairment (SLI) and also in individuals with dyslexia. Gap detection, a simple measure of auditory temporal acuity, appears to be impaired in children with SLI but not in dyslexic adults, even though both groups exhibit impaired processing on more complex, rapid auditory tasks. In the current study, juvenile rats with bilateral microgyria, but not their adult counterparts, exhibited impaired detection of short duration silent gaps in white noise when compared to age-matched sham littermates. Results lend further support to: (1) an association between neuromigrational anomalies and RAP impairments; and (2) the validity of an animal model of RAP impairments associated with language disturbances in humans. Current results also support the view that auditory processing disturbances associated with cortical malformations may be evident early in development at a relatively "low" level (e.g., simple gap detection), but may require "higher-order" auditory discrimination tasks (e.g., tone sequences, phonemic discriminations) to be elicited later in life. PMID:15351496

  3. Juvenile autoimmune hepatitis: Spectrum of the disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Giuseppe; Maggiore; Silvia; Nastasio; Marco; Sciveres

    2014-01-01

    Juvenile autoimmune hepatitis(JAIH) is a progressive inflammatory liver disease, affecting mainly young girls, from infancy to late adolescence, characterized by active liver damage, as shown by high serum activity of aminotransferases, by elevated immunoglobulin G levels, high titers of serum non organ-specific andorgan-specific autoantibodies, and by interface hepatitis on liver biopsy. It is a multifactorial disease of unknown etiology in which environmental factors act as a trigger in genetically predisposed individuals. Two types of JAIH are identified according to the autoan-tibody panel detected at diagnosis: AIH-1, characterized by the presence of anti-smooth muscle antibody and/or antinuclear antibody and AIH-2, by anti-liver-kidney microsomal antibody type 1 and/or by the presence of anti-liver cytosol type 1 antibody. Epidemiological distribution, genetic markers, clinical presentation and pattern of serum cytokines differentiate the two types of AIH suggesting possible pathogenetic mechanisms. The most effective therapy for AIH is pharmacological suppression of the immune response. Treatment should be started as soon as the diagnosis is made to avoid severe liver damage and progression of fibrosis. The aim of this review is to outline the most significant and peculiar features of JAIH, based largely on our own personal database and on a review of current literature.

  4. Clinical presentations and outcomes of Filipino juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dans Leonila F

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective Juvenile Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE varies by location and ethnicity. This study describes the clinical, laboratory profile and outcome of juvenile SLE seen at Philippine General Hospital (PGH from 2004-2008. Method Medical charts of all Filipino Juvenile SLE cases admitted at PGH during the 5-year period were reviewed collecting demographic profile, clinical and laboratory manifestations and treatment during disease course. Results Seventy-eight cases of juvenile SLE were reviewed. There were 7 boys and 71 girls. The mean age at diagnosis was 14 years (SD 2.7 with a range of 8-18 years. Fever (52.5% and malar rash (41.0% were the most common features at disease onset. At the time of diagnosis, the most common features were malar rash (65.3%, renal involvement (62.8% and photosensitivity (55.1%. Mucocutaneous (92.3%, renal (71.7% and hematologic (69.2% involvement were the most common features during the entire course of illness. Infection (34.5% and neurologic (19.0% complications were observed most frequently. Corticocosteroid treatment was given in most of the patients in the form of prednisone (97.4% and concomitant methylprednisolone intravenous pulses (29.4%. Nine patients died during the study period. The overall 5-year mortality rate was 11.5%. Infection (77.0% was the most frequent cause of death. Conclusion Malar rash was a common feature at disease onset and at diagnosis among Filipinos with juvenile SLE. Throughout the disease course, renal involvement occurs in 71.7% of patients. Infection was the leading cause of complication and death. The clinical presentations of Filipinos with juvenile SLE were similar to juvenile SLE in other countries.

  5. Investigación en aula en educación de adultos: el proyecto nuestra escuela pregunta su opinión-nepso Investigation into adult education teaching: the project 'our school asks your opinión'-nepso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Willianson

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo reflexiona sobre aprendizajes de la aplicación de una metodología de investigación participativa en aula, basada en encuestas de opinión (Nuestra Escuela Pregunta Su Opinión-NEPSO. Uno de los niveles educativos en que se desarrolla es el de la Educación de Adultos. Desde el año 2005 el Centro Integrado de Educación de Adultos Lefxarv de la Región de La Araucanía en Chile lo impulsa con un proyecto educativo intercultural. Esta innovación pedagógica ha ido abarcando el conjunto de los diversos niveles en que este CEIA estructura su organización curricular: metodología de investigación en aula a través de encuestas de opinión. El artículo presenta su proceso pedagógico y resultados referidos a logros de aprendizajes, integración curricular, diversidad y trabajo docente, reflexiona sobre ellos y discute una evaluación a partir de un estudio de impactos de la metodología en los aprendizajes y de otra información analítica complementaria recogida desde los procesos de autoformación docente y de sistematización.The article reflects on learning outcomes arising from the application of a participative, investigative methodology in the classroom, based on the questionnaire (Our School Asks Your Opinion - NEPSO. One of the educational levels in which it has been evolving, is that of Adult Education. Since 2005, the Integrated Adult Education Centre, Lefxarv of the Araucania Region, Chile, has helped to develop it with their InterCultural Education Project. This pedagogical innovation has managed to include the diverse set of levels that the CEIA uses to structures its curriculum: a classroom investigation methodology dependant on the use of public opinion surveys. This article presents the pedagogical process and the results, referring to the learning achievements, curricular integration, diversity and educational work, reflecting on these and discussing an evaluation which commences from an impact study of the

  6. Criminal history and future offending of juveniles convicted of the possession of child pornography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aebi, Marcel; Plattner, Belinda; Ernest, Melanie; Kaszynski, Katie; Bessler, Cornelia

    2014-08-01

    Most child pornography is distributed online. It is estimated that 3% to 15% of child pornography consumers are juveniles. The present study analyzed a consecutive sample of 54 male juveniles convicted of the possession of child pornography. Demographic characteristics, criminal history, and subsequent offending were assessed from criminal files and official reports. Juvenile possessors of child pornography were compared to three different groups of juveniles: Juvenile possessors of other illegal pornography (n = 42), juveniles who committed a sexual contact offense against a child (n = 64), and juveniles who committed a sexual contact offense against a peer or adult (n = 104). Juvenile possessors of child pornography were found to have downloaded the illegal material more frequently and over a longer time period than juvenile possessors of other illegal pornography. Furthermore, juvenile possessors of child pornography differed from juveniles who had committed a sexual contact offense in terms of demographics and showed fewer previous and subsequent offending than juveniles who sexually offended against a peer or adult. We conclude that juvenile possessors of child pornography need a specific target intervention focusing on dysfunctional Internet use and sexually deviant arousal. PMID:23813492

  7. Structural abnormalities of the thalamus in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mory, Susana Barreto; Betting, Luiz E; Fernandes, Paula T; Lopes-Cendes, Iscia; Guerreiro, Marilisa M; Guerreiro, Carlos A M; Cendes, Fernando; Li, Li M

    2011-08-01

    Studies have suggested that the thalamus is a key structure in the pathophysiology of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. The objective of the present investigation was to examine the thalami of patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy using a combination of multiple structural neuroimaging modalities. The association between these techniques may reveal the mechanisms underlying juvenile myoclonic epilepsy and help to identify the neuroanatomical structures involved. Twenty-one patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (13 women, mean age=30±9 years) and a control group of 20 healthy individuals (10 women, mean age=31±8 years) underwent MRI in a 2-T scanner. The volumetric three-dimensional sequence was used for structural investigation. Evaluation of the thalamus comprised voxel-based morphometry, automatic volumetry, and shape analysis. Comparisons were performed between patient and control groups. Voxel-based morphometry analysis identified areas of atrophy located in the anterior portion of the thalamus. Post hoc analysis of automatic volumetry did not reveal significant differences between the groups. Shape analysis disclosed differences between patients and controls in the anterior and inferior portions of the right thalamus and in the anterior portion of the left thalamus. The present investigation confirms that thalami of patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy are structurally abnormal with impairments located mainly in the anterior and inferior sections. PMID:21700499

  8. Home range and movements of juvenile Puerto Rican parrots

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsey, G.D.; Arendt, W.J.; Kalina, J.; Pendleton, G.W.

    1991-01-01

    We studied home range and movements of 15 radio-marked, juvenile Puerto Rican parrots (Amazona vittata) fledging from wild nests during summer and fall, 1985-87. When juvenile parrots remained in the nest valley, home ranges during 1986 (.hivin.x = 32 .+-. 10 [SE] ha, n = 4) were larger (P = 0.0079) than during 1987 (.hivin.x = 13 .+-. 6 ha, n = 5). After radio-marked parrots integrated into adult flocks, home ranges during 1986 (.hivin.x = 1,075 .+-. 135 ha, n = 3) were similar (P = 0.10) to 1987 (.hivin.x = 416 .+-. 62 ha, n = 2). Juvenile parrots restricted their movements to nest valleys an average of 58 .+-. 29 days following fledging. After joining adult flocks, juvenile parrots routinely flew between the east and west slopes of the Luquillo Mountains but did not exhibit a seaonal pattern of movement. We recommend that captive-raised, juvenile parrots used in release programs be .gtoreq. 5 months old to ensure they are mature enough to integrate into wild flocks.

  9. Temperament of Juvenile Delinquents with History of Substance Abuse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsueh-Ling Chang

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: The etiological factors and interrelations of juvenile delinquents, with psychiatricmorbidity and substance abuse have been continuously debated.Cloninger’s Tridimensional Theory of Temperament has been reported topredict patterns of substance abuse and comorbidity. In the current study, weaimed to examine the usability of the theory in predicting juvenile delinquencyand substance abuse.Methods: Sixty consecutive and newly incarcerated male delinquents with history ofsubstance abuse were recruited from a juvenile correctional facility in northwesternTaiwan from January 2002 through December 2003. All subjectswere assessed of their temperament, behavioral problems, and psychiatricdisorders on an individual base.Results: The juvenile delinquent subjects with childhood history of attention deficitand hyperactivity disorder (ADHD were significantly younger, consumedless betel nuts, and had more siblings with history of drug abuse.Conclusion: Consistent with the results of Cloninger’s studies, novelty seeking positivelycorrelated to the amount of substance abuse, while harm avoidance inverselycorrelated in juvenile delinquents. Endemic trend of choice of substanceabuse needs to be taken into consideration in future research projects.

  10. Maternal immune activation increases seizure susceptibility in juvenile rat offspring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Ping; Zhang, Xin-Ting; Li, Jun; Yu, Lin; Wang, Ji-Wen; Lei, Ge-Fei; Sun, Ruo-Peng; Li, Bao-Min

    2015-06-01

    Epidemiological data suggest a relationship between maternal infection and a high incidence of childhood epilepsy in offspring. However, there is little experimental evidence that links maternal infection with later seizure susceptibility in juvenile offspring. Here, we asked whether maternal immune challenge during pregnancy can alter seizure susceptibility and seizure-associated brain damage in adolescence. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or normal saline (NS) on gestational days 15 and 16. At postnatal day 21, seizure susceptibility to kainic acid (KA) was evaluated in male offspring. Four groups were studied, including normal control (NS-NS), prenatal infection (LPS-NS), juvenile seizure (NS-KA), and "two-hit" (LPS-KA) groups. Our results demonstrated that maternal LPS exposure caused long-term reactive astrogliosis and increased seizure susceptibility in juvenile rat offspring. Compared to the juvenile seizure group, animals in the "two-hit" group showed exaggerated astrogliosis, followed by worsened spatial learning ability in adulthood. In addition, prenatal immune challenge alone led to spatial learning impairment in offspring but had no effect on anxiety. These data suggest that prenatal immune challenge causes a long-term increase in juvenile seizure susceptibility and exacerbates seizure-induced brain injury, possibly by priming astroglia. PMID:25982885

  11. Juvenile animal testing in drug development--is it useful?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldrick, Paul

    2010-01-01

    In pharmaceutical drug development, there has been increased interest in the need to perform juvenile animal studies to support the safety of use of new medicines in the pediatric population. Although such studies are not new, the increased interest has been "formalized" in recent regulatory guidelines. As a result, companies are now performing many more studies in juvenile animals, even when there is a lack of robust knowledge of cross-species functional and kinetic differences among juveniles that means extrapolation of any toxicology study finding to an immature human may not be easy or even relevant, especially if performed in the wrong species at the wrong time. It will be shown by presentation of some basic considerations needed in order to perform such testing, that juvenile animal studies are indeed feasible. However, it will also be highlighted that (based on available knowledge) there are currently not enough clear-cut examples to answer the question of whether juvenile animal toxicology studies to support pediatric development (by affecting the performance or design of a pediatric clinical trial or identifying a potential different-from-adult safety risk in clinical use) are truly useful or necessary. PMID:20350578

  12. JUVENILE CHRONIC ARTHRITIS WITH EYE LESION

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    S O Salugina

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A bstract. Objective, to describe a series of pts with JRA/JCA and uveitis. Material and methods. The study included 81 pts with JRA and uveitis. There were 68 girls-84%, 13 boys-16%. We studied the clinical manifestations, the antinuclear antibodies (ANA using HEP-2 cells for the 33 pts with uveitis and 46 pts without uveitis, HLA status was determined for 36 pts. Results. 85,2% of the children had arthritis before uveitis. The mean age at onset of arthritis was 3,5 year (range: 1-10 yrs, the mean age at onset of uveitis was 6 year (range: 2-15 yrs. The mean interval between the onset of arthritis and uveitis was 3,02 years (range: 3,5 yrs before arthritis onset to 12,5 yrs after. In 68,1% pts the diagnosis of uveitis was made within 5 yrs after onset of arthritis. 93% of pts had mono-oligoarticular onset, but 50% had poliarticular course. 23,5% of pts had functional disability 3-4 classes. Ocular complications were developed in 53.1%: cataracts-38,3%, band keratopathy-11,1%, glaucoma-2,5%. 93,9% of 33 studied children with arthritis and uveitis were ANA positive, 9,1% were RF positive. 18,1 % had HLA-DR8 (p<0,001, 83,3% - HLA-A2 (p<0,00l, HLA-B27 - 30,6 % (p<0,00l. Conclusion. Clinical and laboratory data of our pts suggest that: lthe combination of arthritis and uveitis would be named JCA with uveitis; 2 according our opinion JCA with uveitis is separate nosological form among the juvenile arthritides.

  13. The Etiology of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rigante, Donato; Bosco, Annalisa; Esposito, Susanna

    2015-10-01

    Over the years, the commonly used term to describe juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) has changed. By definition, JIA includes all types of arthritis with no apparent cause, lasting more than 6 weeks, in patients aged less than 16 years at onset. JIA pathogenesis is still poorly understood: the interaction between environmental factors and multiple genes has been proposed as the most relevant working mechanism to the development of JIA. The concept that various microbes that colonize or infect not only the mucosal surfaces, like the oral cavity, but also the airways and gut might trigger autoimmune processes, resulting in chronic arthritides, and JIA was first drafted at the outset of last century. JIA development might be initiated and sustained by the exposure to environmental factors, including infectious agents which affect people at a young age, depending on the underlying genetic predisposition to synovial inflammation. Many data from patients with JIA suggest a scenario in which different external antigens incite multiple antigen-specific pathways, cytotoxic T cell responses, activation of classical complement cascade, and production of proinflammatory cytokines. In this review, emphasis is paid not only to the potential role of parvovirus B19 and Epstein-Barr virus in primis but also to the general involvement of different bacteria as Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., Campylobacter spp., Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Bartonella henselae, and Streptococcus pyogenes for the development of immune-mediated arthritides during childhood. No unequivocal evidence favoring or refuting these associations has been clearly proved, and today, the strict definition of JIA etiology remains unknown. The infection can represent a random event in a susceptible individual, or it can be a necessary factor in JIA development, always in combination with a peculiar genetic background. Further studies are needed in order to address the unsolved questions

  14. Cultural interpretations of juvenile rights%儿童权利的文化解释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    皮艺军

    2007-01-01

    In China, the protection of juvenile rights has historically been a secondary consideration, which is often relegated to the status of "goal for the future". However, the value of juvenile rights and their protection lie not only in the morality of child protection, but also in the role that juvenile rights can play in the development of human fights as a whole. Publicity given to juvenile rights reminds us of the "adult society" standing in complementary opposition to the "juvenile society" that juvenile rights refer to. It is adult society to deal with juvenile rights, so any errors of understanding or failures of equality can lead to children being deprived of the rights. The rational underpinnings of juvenile rights are the weapons with which we can counter the influence of traditional, conservative thinking. These arguments will allow children to assume thei rrightful role as an independent group whose rights are academically and practically accepted and protected.

  15. Juvenile psammomatoid ossifying fibroma: An unusual case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nidhi Yadav

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Ossifying fibromas are well-demarcated benign fibro-osseous tumors of craniofacial skeleton most often in the jaws. It has two types, conventional and juvenile ossifying fibroma (JOF. JOF is considered a separate entity from ossifying fibroma due to its locally aggressive behavior and tendency to occur at a young age. Two subtypes of JOF, i.e., juvenile psammomatoid ossifying fibroma (JPOF and juvenile trabecular ossifying fibroma have been identified on the basis of histology 70% of the JPOF occur in the paranasal sinuses, 20% in the maxilla and only 10% in the mandible. Here, we report a case of JPOF in a 14-year-old girl causing an asymptomatic expansile swelling in the right mandibular posterior region, which is a rare site for this tumor.

  16. Psychological characteristics of juvenile offenders with personal immaturity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E.G. Dozortseva

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available We consider the psychological characteristics of juveniles with personal immaturity who committed socially dangerous actions. We present conceptual psychological approaches to the concepts of “maturity” and “immaturity”, manifestations of maturity and immaturity in adolescents. We describe the prevalence of personal immaturity among juvenile offenders. We analyze individual psychological characteristics specific to the minors with personal immaturity and characterize the phenomenon of personal immaturity itself. We compare the parameters studied in samples of juvenile offenders with personal immaturity and offenders with no personality immaturity, undergoing a comprehensive forensic psychological and psychiatric examination. We describe the main clusters of indices that together represent a psychological symptom of personal immaturity

  17. Culturally competent practice with African American juvenile sex offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venable, Victoria M; Guada, Joseph

    2014-01-01

    African American juveniles adjudicated for sexual offenses may struggle with the mistrust of both the judicial and treatment systems. Unlike general mental health services, juvenile sex offender treatment is often mandated by the court or child welfare services, thus these youths and their families must engage in the treatment process. Without clinicians and services that can acknowledge and respond to a minority youth's experience in a sensitive, culturally competent manner, there could be significant resistance to treatment. Traditional treatment approaches fail to prioritize issues involving cultural competence. This article addresses the unique challenges of African American juvenile sex offenders and makes recommendations for creating culturally competent practice for these youth and their families. PMID:24641684

  18. Contrasting movement strategies among juvenile albatrosses and petrels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Grissac, Sophie; Börger, Luca; Guitteaud, Audrey; Weimerskirch, Henri

    2016-01-01

    Animal movement is a fundamental eco-evolutionary process yet the behaviour of juvenile animals is largely unknown for many species, especially for soaring seabirds which can range widely over the oceans at low cost. We present an unprecedented dataset of 98 juvenile albatrosses and petrels (nine species), tracked for the first three months after independence. There was a startling diversity within and among species in the type and scale of post-natal movement strategies, ranging from area-restricted to nomadic patterns. Spatial scales were clustered in three groups that ranged from 6000 km from the natal nest. In seven of the nine species, the orientation of flight paths and other movement statistics showed strong similarities between juveniles and adults, providing evidence for innate orientation abilities. Our results have implications for understanding the development of foraging behaviour in naïve individuals and the evolution of life history traits such as survival, lifespan and breeding strategy. PMID:27189182

  19. Multidisciplinary treatment for prepubertal juvenile myasthenia gravis with crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirata, Yusuke; Inoue, Masayoshi; Nabatame, Shin; Okumura, Meinoshin; Ozono, Keiichi

    2016-08-01

    The management of juvenile myasthenia gravis (MG) remains controversial. We report herein the case of a 12-year-old girl with prepubertal juvenile MG with respiratory crisis who underwent thymectomy following methylprednisolone pulse therapy. The patient initially developed progressively worsening fatigability, eyelid ptosis, and diplopia, followed by worsening generalized weakness, dysphagia, and dyspnea. Even after i.v. immunoglobulin, the patient presented with rapid onset of severe dyspnea requiring respiratory support with mechanical ventilation and was graded as Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America class V. After a course of i.v. methylprednisolone pulse therapy, successful control of respiratory crisis was achieved, and trans-sternal thymectomy was performed. Partial remission was achieved postoperatively with oral pyridostigmine without immunosuppressive agents such as steroids or calcineurin inhibitors for 18 months after thymectomy. Early thymectomy following induction methylprednisolone pulse therapy might be a treatment option for prepubertal juvenile MG with severe respiratory crisis. PMID:27324449

  20. Contrasting movement strategies among juvenile albatrosses and petrels

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Grissac, Sophie; Börger, Luca; Guitteaud, Audrey; Weimerskirch, Henri

    2016-01-01

    Animal movement is a fundamental eco-evolutionary process yet the behaviour of juvenile animals is largely unknown for many species, especially for soaring seabirds which can range widely over the oceans at low cost. We present an unprecedented dataset of 98 juvenile albatrosses and petrels (nine species), tracked for the first three months after independence. There was a startling diversity within and among species in the type and scale of post-natal movement strategies, ranging from area-restricted to nomadic patterns. Spatial scales were clustered in three groups that ranged from 6000 km from the natal nest. In seven of the nine species, the orientation of flight paths and other movement statistics showed strong similarities between juveniles and adults, providing evidence for innate orientation abilities. Our results have implications for understanding the development of foraging behaviour in naïve individuals and the evolution of life history traits such as survival, lifespan and breeding strategy. PMID:27189182

  1. Lingual juvenile xanthogranuloma in a woman: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Villa Francesco

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Juvenile xanthogranuloma is a rare non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis that usually occurs during infancy and early childhood. The presence of single or multiple raised cutaneous lesions characterize this self-healing disorder. Extracutaneous sites are rare. Case presentation We present a rare case of oral juvenile xanthogranuloma in a 49-year-old Caucasian woman. The histopathologic diagnosis of the lingual neoformation was histiocitary proliferation with the presence of giant cells, Touton type, compatible with juvenile xanthogranuloma. Conclusion To establish an accurate diagnosis, microscopic evaluation and immunohistochemical staining are necessary. Dentists, dermatologists and general practitioners may be the first to recognize this rare condition during the inspection of the oral cavity.

  2. Juvenile Delinquency in Novel Clockwork Orange By Anthony Burgess

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bena Yusuf Pelawi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to reveal the role of literary work, especially a novel in reflecting the social fenomena, the juvenile delinquency in the twentieth century. The data source was an English novel Clockwork Orange written by Anthony Burgess. The research applied library research by using reflection theory introduced by Georg Lukacs. Analysis was presented in three parts, those were the identification of major character, social setting, and the reflection of juvenile delinquency.The findings were as follows. First, the major character was Alex as his hig intensity in all the events that build the whole story. Second, the social setting described the life of teenagers, especially the juvenile delinquency as social fenomena in society. Third, the role of literary work in revealing the problem above faced by the twentieth century society. Finally, it can be concluded that the literary work has played a very important role in revealing the social fenomena.

  3. Panniculitis in juvenile dermatomyositis: Report of a case and review of the published work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salman, Andac; Kasapcopur, Ozgur; Ergun, Tulin; Durmus Ucar, Ayse Nigar; Demirkesen, Cuyan

    2016-08-01

    We report a 15-year-old girl who presented with indurated, subcutaneous nodules in addition to classical findings of juvenile dermatomyositis. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of panniculitis associated with juvenile dermatomyositis. Considering that panniculitis is a rare cutaneous manifestation of juvenile dermatomyositis, we present a patient with a brief review of the published work to highlight the importance of keeping juvenile dermatomyositis in mind among the etiologies of pediatric panniculitis. PMID:26971888

  4. Insecticidal properties of genetically engineered baculoviruses expressing an insect juvenile hormone esterase gene.

    OpenAIRE

    Eldridge, R; O'Reilly, D R; Hammock, B D; Miller, L K

    1992-01-01

    Exploring the possibility of enhancing the properties of baculoviruses as biological control agents of insect pests, we tested the effect of expressing an insect gene (jhe) encoding juvenile hormone esterase. Juvenile hormone esterase inactivates juvenile hormone, which regulates the outcome of an insect molt. A cDNA encoding the juvenile hormone esterase of Heliothis virescens was inserted into the genome of Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus such that the gene was expressed u...

  5. Child maltreatment victimization by type in relation to criminal recidivism in juvenile offenders

    OpenAIRE

    van der Put, Claudia E.; de Ruiter, Corine

    2016-01-01

    Background This study aimed to examine the relation between different types of child abuse victimization and criminal recidivism among juvenile offenders. Method Secondary analyses were conducted on data collected with the Washington State Juvenile Court Assessment and general recidivism. The sample consisted of female (n = 3502) and male (n = 10,111) juvenile offenders. Results For male juvenile offenders, neglect and physical abuse victimization were significantly but rather weakly associat...

  6. Multisystemic Therapy for Juvenile Sexual Offenders: 1-Year Results from a Randomized Effectiveness Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Letourneau, Elizabeth J.; Henggeler, Scott W.; Borduin, Charles M.; Schewe, Paul A.; McCart, Michael R.; Chapman, Jason E.; Saldana, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    In spite of the serious and costly problems presented by juvenile sexual offenders, rigorous tests of promising interventions have rarely been conducted. This study presents a community-based effectiveness trial comparing multisystemic therapy (MST) adapted for juvenile sexual offenders with services that are typical of those provided to juvenile sexual offenders in the U.S. Youth were randomized to MST (n = 67) or treatment as usual for juvenile sexual offenders (TAU-JSO; n = 60). Outcomes t...

  7. The Juvenile Delinquency Portrayed In Nicholas Sparks’ Novel The Last Song

    OpenAIRE

    Evelyn, Zean

    2015-01-01

    The thesis entitled The Juvenile Delinquency in Nicholas Sparks’ Novel The Last Songis discuss about juvenile delinquencies through the characters in the novel. novel is an extended work of prose fiction, longer than a short story or a medium-length fiction, called a novelette or novella. The writer chooses to analyze the juvenile delinquencies in this novel because there are some juvenile delinquencies that happened these days. This novel tells a story about Ronnie Miller, a grumpy girl who ...

  8. Statistical indicators and trends in juvenile delinquency in modern Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuzikhanova E.G.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Statistics of juvenile delinquency in Russia for ten years, allowing to determine its current trends, is presented. It’s noted that earlier the proportion of juveniles among all criminals was about 11-12%. During the period from 2003 to 2013 the proportion of juveniles in the total number of identified offenders decreased to 6%. Despite the reduction in the number of crimes committed by this category of persons, for several years the largest criminal activity is maintained in the age group 16-17 years (70%. Smaller proportion is the age group 14-15 years, there’s a reduction in the number of committed crimes: from 49,300 in 2000 to 19,700 in 2013. Over the same period, the number of reported crimes committed by minors or with their complicity decreased almost three times. With all the ambiguity of attitude to the considered problem, the author defines the role of criminal law policy of the state in response to trends in juvenile crime taking into account its specificity, caused by the complex of interrelated factors related to age, social, psychological characteristics of juveniles as a special social group, the originality of their social status. The legislative novel is considered: the punishment in the form of arrest is not imposed on persons under the age of eighteen by the time of court verdict. It’s summarized that the problems of juvenile delinquency are only partly solved by the humanization of criminal law policy of the state in order to restore social justice, correct the convict and prevent new crimes commission.

  9. Juvenile fish condition in estuarine nurseries along the Portuguese coast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasconcelos, R. P.; Reis-Santos, P.; Fonseca, V.; Ruano, M.; Tanner, S.; Costa, M. J.; Cabral, H. N.

    2009-03-01

    Connectivity between estuarine fish nurseries and coastal adult habitats can be affected by variations in juvenile growth and survival. Condition indices are renowned proxies of juvenile nutritional status and growth rates and are valuable tools to assess habitat quality. Biochemical (RNA:DNA ratio) and morphometric (Fulton's condition factor K) condition indices were determined in juveniles of Solea solea, Solea senegalensis, Platichthys flesus, Diplodus vulgaris and Dicentrarchus labrax collected in putative nursery areas of nine estuaries along the Portuguese coast (Minho, Douro, Ria de Aveiro, Mondego, Tejo, Sado, Mira, Ria Formosa and Guadiana) in the Spring and Summer of two consecutive years (2005 and 2006) with distinct climatic characteristics. Individual condition showed significant variation amongst species. The combined use of both condition indices highlighted the low correlation between them and that RNA:DNA had a higher sensitivity. RNA:DNA varied between years but overall the site relative patterns in condition were maintained from one year to the other. Higher RNA:DNA values were found in Spring than in Summer in most species. Intra-estuarine variation also occurred in several cases. Species specific trends in the variability of condition amongst estuaries were highlighted. Some estuaries had higher juvenile condition for more than one species but results did not reveal an identical trend for all species and sites, hindering the hypotheses of one estuarine nursery promoting superior growth for all present species. Significant correlations were found between condition indices, juvenile densities and environmental variables (water temperature, salinity and depth) in the estuarine nurseries. These influenced juvenile nutritional condition and growth, contributing to the variability in estuarine nursery habitat quality. Management and conservation wise, interest in multi-species approaches is reinforced as assessments based on a single species may not

  10. Factors Influencing Emergence of Juveniles from Cysts of Heterodera zeae

    OpenAIRE

    Hashmi, Sarwar; Krusberg, Lorin R.

    1995-01-01

    Several factors were studied to determine their effects on hatch and emergence of second-stage juveniles (J2) from cysts of Heterodera zeae. The optimum temperature for emergence of J2 from cysts of H. zeae was 30 C. No juveniles emerged from cysts at 10 or 40 C. Immersion of cysts in 4 mM zinc chloride solution stimulated 10% greater emergence of J2 than occurred in tap water controls during 28 days. Fresh corn rhizosphere leachates from 25-day and older plants growing in sand or sandy field...

  11. MR imaging and spectroscopy in juvenile Huntington disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Juvenile Huntington disease manifests differently from adult Huntington disease and has more variability in presentation. We describe a child with cognitive decline and adventitial movements in whom Huntington disease was confirmed with genetic testing. MR imaging showed abnormal T2 prolongation in the putamina and progressive caudate atrophy, and MR spectroscopy revealed elevated myoinositol and diminished N-acetyl aspartate, creatine, and phosphocreatine. Imaging findings of caudate atrophy and abnormal T2 prolongation in the putamina with MR spectroscopy findings consistent with dense gliosis can be helpful indicators of juvenile Huntington disease. (orig.)

  12. Coro Juvenil de la Universidad Nacional de La Plata

    OpenAIRE

    Janequin, Clement; Bardos, Lajos; Guastavino, Carlos; Dublane, Emilio; Simonal, Wilson; Piazzolla, Astor; Zadoff, Néstor; Palorma, Félix Dardo; Vallesi, F.; Peralta, A.; Urbiztondo, R.; Mercury, Freddy; Cánaves, Pablo; Carabajal, P.; Cangiano, L.

    2000-01-01

    El Coro Juvenil de la Universidad Nacional de La Plata interpreta doce obras, bajo la dirección de Pablo Cánaves. Contenido: 1 - "El canto de los pájaros" (C. Janequin) 2 - "La historia de la música" (L. Bardos) 3 - Coro Juvenil de la UNLP 4 - "Arroz con leche" (C. Guastavino) 5 - "La flor llevaba al niño" (E. Dublane) 6 - "Tributo a Luther King" (W. Simonal) 7 - "Adiós, Nonino" (A. Piazzolla y N. Zadoff) 8 - "Por las hileras" (F. Palorma y F. Vallesi) 9 - "Dom...

  13. Survival and causes of mortality in juvenile Puerto Rican parrots

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsey, G.D.; Arendt, W.J.; Kalina, J.

    1994-01-01

    Fifteen juvenile Puerto Rican Parrots (Amazona vittata) from wild nests in 1985, 1986 and 1987 were radio monitored an average of 110 +- 15.9 (SE) d (range 4-209 d) post-fledgling. Minimum survival was 67% (n = 3) in 1985, 100% (n = 4) in 1986 and 43% (n = 7) in 1987. Most mortality (three of five deaths) occurred during the first 35 d following fledgling. A major cause of mortality was predation by raptors. This research shows that additional studies are needed to define mortality causes to juvenile and adult free-flying Puerto Rican Parrots and to develop management guidelines to increase survival.

  14. Movimientos y máquinas de guerra juveniles

    OpenAIRE

    Mauro Cerbino; Ana Rodríguez

    2005-01-01

    La “politicidad” del sujeto juvenil, que emerge en las prácticas estratégicas de los jóvenes a propósito de su participación en las protestas que llevaron al derrocamiento del presidente del Ecuador, Lucio Gutiérrez, “contamina” la política en su visión dominante y sistémica. Gestos y formas de organización juvenil que no configuran lo usual de los movimientos sociales y que obligan a redefinir el concepto de movimiento.

  15. OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY IN JUVENILE NEURONAL CEROID LIPOFUSCINOSIS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Michael S; Hove, Marianne Nørgaard; Jensen, Hanne;

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE: To report optical coherence tomography findings obtained in two patients with juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. METHODS: Two case reports. RESULTS: Two 7-year-old girls presented with decreased visual acuity, clumsiness, night blindness, and behavioral problems. Optical coherence...... tomography showed an overall reduction in thickness of the central retina, as well as the outer and the inner retinal layers. The degenerative retinal changes were the same, despite different mutations in the CLN3 gene. CONCLUSION: In these rare cases of juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, optical...

  16. Children in Custody: Public Juvenile Facilities, 1985. Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sickmund, Melissa; Baunach, Phyllis Jo

    A total of 1,040 publicly operated state and local juvenile detention, correction, and shelter facilities held 49,322 juvenile residents on February 1, 1985, an increase of 1% from the previous year. About 93% of the juveniles were accused of, or had been convicted for, acts which would be criminal offenses if committed by adults. Most of the rest…

  17. School and Community Interventions To Prevent Serious and Violent Offending. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catalano, Richard F.; Loeber, Rolf; McKinney, Kay C.

    Recent research indicates that children exposed to certain risk factors in their families, at school, among their peers, and in their communities are at greater risk of becoming serious violent juvenile (SVJ) offenders. The Study Group on Serious and Violent Juvenile Offenders, a group of 22 researchers convened by the Office of Juvenile Justice…

  18. The Juvenile Transition: A Developmental Switch Point in Human Life History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Giudice, Marco; Angeleri, Romina; Manera, Valeria

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a new perspective on the transition from early to middle childhood (i.e., human juvenility), investigated in an integrative evolutionary framework. Juvenility is a crucial life history stage, when social learning and interaction with peers become central developmental functions; here it is argued that the "juvenile transition"…

  19. Social Support, Motivation, and the Process of Juvenile Reentry: An Exploratory Analysis of Desistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panuccio, Elizabeth A.; Christian, Johnna; Martinez, Damian J.; Sullivan, Mercer L.

    2012-01-01

    Many scholarly works and studies have explored the experience of reentry and desistance for adult offenders, but fewer studies have focused on these processes among juvenile offenders. Using qualitative case studies of juveniles released from secure confinement, this study explores the desistance process during juvenile reentry by examining how…

  20. 78 FR 43920 - Meeting (Webinar) of the Federal Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-22

    ...: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. ACTION: Notice of Webinar Meeting. SUMMARY: The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency... Section 223(f)(2)(C-E) of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 2002. The FACJJ...

  1. 78 FR 9070 - Meeting (Webinar) of the Federal Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-07

    ...: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. ACTION: Notice of Webinar meeting. SUMMARY: The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency...) of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 2002. The FACJJ is composed...

  2. 77 FR 20649 - Meeting (Webinar) of the Federal Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-05

    ...: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention... Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 2002. The FACJJ is composed of representatives from...

  3. 78 FR 69876 - Meeting of the Federal Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-21

    ... Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) announces a...) of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 2002. The FACJJ is composed...

  4. 78 FR 42109 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: Juvenile...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-15

    ...-3649, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S... Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, United States Department of Justice. (4) Affected...: Juvenile Justice Reform and Reinvestment Initiative Stakeholder Survey Under OMB's Partnership Fund...

  5. 75 FR 70293 - Meeting of the Federal Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-17

    ... Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, Justice. ACTION: Notice of Meeting. SUMMARY: The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) announces the Fall meeting of...)(2)(C-E) of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 2002. The FACJJ is composed of...

  6. 78 FR 56940 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: Juvenile...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-16

    ..., Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of... is CJ-15, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, United States Department of Justice...: Juvenile Residential Facility Census (Extension, without change, of a currently approved collection)...

  7. 76 FR 53965 - Meeting of the Federal Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-30

    ... Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U. S. Department of Justice. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP... carry out its advisory functions under Section 223(f)(2)(C-E) of the Juvenile Justice and...

  8. 77 FR 39511 - Meeting (Webinar) of the Federal Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-03

    ...: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. ACTION: Notice of Webinar Meeting. SUMMARY: The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency...) of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 2002. The FACJJ is composed...

  9. 75 FR 22163 - Meeting of the Federal Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-27

    ... Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, Justice ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) announces the Spring meeting of...)(2)(C-E) of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 2002. The FACJJ is composed of...

  10. 77 FR 61641 - Meeting of the Federal Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-10

    ... Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) announces a... Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 2002. The FACJJ is composed of representatives from...

  11. Violent Lives: A Lifestyle Model Linking Exposure to Violence to Juvenile Violent Offending

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nofziger, Stacey; Kurtz, Don

    2005-01-01

    Studies examining the consequences of juvenile exposure to violence focus largely on psychological outcomes and often ignore the ways in which exposure is associated with deviant peers and juvenile offending. Using data from the National Survey of Adolescents (NSA), a nationally representative sample of juveniles between the ages of 12 and 17, we…

  12. ASOCIATIVIDAD PARA LA COMPETITIVIDAD EN LA AGROINDUSTRIA DE OAXACA, MÉXICO

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Faced with the process of globalization and the challenges proposed is necessary to promote processes that generate inter associability (organizations - institutions), where it generates an organized effort and the adoption of new organizational models that encourage flexibility and operational decentralization, favoring units building strategic business performance, and where class actions are prioritized on individuals through the creation of networks that promote business promotion (Associ...

  13. Propuesta pedagógica: La pregunta pedagógica como mediador en el aprendizaje de la variación lineal en el grado séptimo de la Institución Educativa Gabriela Mistral del municipio de Copacabana Antioquia

    OpenAIRE

    Sáez Bustamante, Roger Arleby

    2015-01-01

    Resumen: Existen una variedad de fenómenos cuyo comportamiento se pueden aproximar a una variación lineal, y que pueden ser utilizados para la enseñanza de las matemáticas. En la presente propuesta se toman algunos elementos de la teoría del aprendizaje significativo de Ausubel, el aprendizaje basado en problemas (ABP), la pedagogía liberadora de Freire y el método de Polya, para usar la pregunta como mediador en el acercamiento al concepto de variación lineal en el grado séptimo de la ...

  14. Growth hormone producing prolactinoma in juvenile cystinosis: a simple coincidence?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Besouw, M.T.; Levtchenko, E.N.; Willemsen, M.A.A.P.; Noordam, K.

    2008-01-01

    Juvenile cystinosis was diagnosed in a patient who presented with severe headache attacks and photophobia. Treatment with oral cysteamine and topical cysteamine eye drops was started. One-and-a-half years later, he developed unilateral gynecomastia and elevated prolactin and growth hormone levels. A

  15. Sex offender registration and recidivism risk in juvenile sexual offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldwell, Michael F; Dickinson, Casey

    2009-01-01

    Juvenile sex offenders are increasingly included in sex offender registration laws, based, in part, on the assumption that they pose a distinctively high risk for future sexual violence and registration may help to mitigate this risk. To test this assumption, the current study compares risk scores on the static scales of the Juvenile Sex Offender Assessment Protocol-II (JSOAP-II; Prentky & Righthand, 2003) and the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI; Hoge, Andrews, & Leschied, 2002), between samples of 106 registered and 66 unregistered juvenile sex offenders. New criminal charges, including sexually based crimes, were examined over a mean follow-up of 49.2 months (SD = 29.6 months). Results indicated that registered youth had lower risk scores on scales that most accurately predicted recidivism and registered youth were charged with new crimes at rates similar to those of unregistered youth. Reoffense risk, as measured by the risk scales, was not moderated by registration. The findings did not support the assumption that registration can effectively lower the risk for reoffense in juvenile offenders. PMID:19937920

  16. RECIDIVISM AFTER A TREATMENT IN A DISCIPLINARY CENTRE FOR JUVENILES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ranko KOVACEVIC

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to examine recidivists’ and non-recidivists’ differences in characteristics of the psychosocial functioning after a treatment in a Disciplinary Centre for Juveniles in Sarajevo Canton, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The research was conducted on a sample of 131 juvenile delinquents adjudicated with the educational measure of referral to the juvenile disciplinary centre. The statistical analysis was performed in the SPSS 17.0 program package. The differences between recidivists and non-recidivists were measured using Mann-Whitney test on all variables. A group of four variables were compared by: (a school factors, (b family factors, (c spare time activities and peer relationships and (d personality and behaviour of juveniles. The results have shown that risk factors are more pronounced in recidivists in all four areas of the psychosocial functioning. The largest difference is in the areas related to spare time activities and peer-relationships, as well as family functioning. The results indicate that the intensified treatment should focus on these areas in order to prevent recidivism.

  17. Home Care Guide on Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (For Parents).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giesecke, Linda L.; And Others

    The booklet, written by the medical staff of a children's hospital, provides information for parents of children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA). Arthritis is a swelling of the joint(s) in children and lasts for over 6 weeks (sometimes many years). Aspirin is the main medicine given for JRA, and it works not only to control pain but also,…

  18. Juvenile obesity enhances emotional memory and amygdala plasticity through glucocorticoids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boitard, Chloé; Maroun, Mouna; Tantot, Frédéric; Cavaroc, Amandine; Sauvant, Julie; Marchand, Alain; Layé, Sophie; Capuron, Lucile; Darnaudery, Muriel; Castanon, Nathalie; Coutureau, Etienne; Vouimba, Rose-Marie; Ferreira, Guillaume

    2015-03-01

    In addition to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders, obesity is associated with adverse cognitive and emotional outcomes. Its growing prevalence during adolescence is particularly alarming since recent evidence indicates that obesity can affect hippocampal function during this developmental period. Adolescence is a decisive period for maturation of the amygdala and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) stress axis, both required for lifelong cognitive and emotional processing. However, little data are available on the impact of obesity during adolescence on amygdala function. Herein, we therefore evaluate in rats whether juvenile high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity alters amygdala-dependent emotional memory and whether it depends on HPA axis deregulation. Exposure to HFD from weaning to adulthood, i.e., covering adolescence, enhances long-term emotional memories as assessed by odor-malaise and tone-shock associations. Juvenile HFD also enhances emotion-induced neuronal activation of the basolateral complex of the amygdala (BLA), which correlates with protracted plasma corticosterone release. HFD exposure restricted to adulthood does not modify all these parameters, indicating adolescence is a vulnerable period to the effects of HFD-induced obesity. Finally, exaggerated emotional memory and BLA synaptic plasticity after juvenile HFD are alleviated by a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist. Altogether, our results demonstrate that juvenile HFD alters HPA axis reactivity leading to an enhancement of amygdala-dependent synaptic and memory processes. Adolescence represents a period of increased susceptibility to the effects of diet-induced obesity on amygdala function. PMID:25740536

  19. Ultrasonography and color Doppler in juvenile idiopathic arthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laurell, Louise; Court-Payen, Michel; Nielsen, Susan; Zak, Marek; Fasth, Anders

    2012-01-01

    The wrist region is one of the most complex joints of the human body. It is prone to deformity and functional impairment in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), and is difficult to examine clinically. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of ultrasonography (US) with Doppler in diagnosis...

  20. Juvenile Offender Recidivism: An Examination of Risk Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calley, Nancy G.

    2012-01-01

    One hundred and seventy three male juvenile offenders were followed two years postrelease from a residential treatment facility to assess recidivism and factors related to recidivism. The overall recidivism rate was 23.9%. Logistic regression with stepwise and backward variable selection methods was used to examine the relationship between…

  1. Working with Parents to Reduce Juvenile Sex Offender Recidivism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zankman, Scott; Bonomo, Josephine

    2004-01-01

    Although there is very little research in the area of including parents in juvenile sex offender treatment, one of the factors that might be worth exploring is how the parental relationship may aid in successful relapse prevention. Since the family environment is a potential risk factor for adolescent sex offenders, integration of relapse…

  2. Protective factors and recidivism in accused juveniles who sexually offended.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Verena; Rettenberger, Martin; Yoon, Dahlnym; Köhler, Nora; Briken, Peer

    2015-02-01

    To date, research on juvenile sexual offender recidivism has tended to focus on risk factors rather than protective factors. Therefore, very little is known about protective factors in the population of juveniles who sexually offended. The aim of the present study was to examine the impact of protective factors on non-recidivism in a sample of accused juveniles who sexually offended (N = 71) in a mean follow-up period of 47.84 months. Protective factors were measured with the Protective Factor Scale of the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY), and the Structured Assessment of PROtective Factors for violence risk (SAPROF). Criminal charges served as recidivism data. The internal scale of the SAPROF, in particular, yielded moderate predictive accuracy for the absence of violent and general recidivism, though not for the absence of sexual recidivism. No protective factor of the SAVRY did reveal predictive accuracy regarding various types of the absence of recidivism. Furthermore, protective factors failed to achieve any significant incremental predictive accuracy beyond that captured by the SAVRY risk factors alone. The potential therapeutic benefit of protective factors in juvenile sexual offender treatment is discussed. PMID:25351199

  3. Juvenile Fibroadenoma. A Case Report and Literature Review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report a case of a 10 year old girl who attended to our institution with a big mass in his right breast with fast growing after menarca. The diagnosis of this mass was juvenile fibroadenoma of the breast. We also review key concepts about this entity, its clinical presentation, imaging findings, differential diagnosis treatment and prognosis

  4. Clinical Assessment of Psychopathology in Violent and Nonviolent Juvenile Offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Linda M.; And Others

    The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) and the Rorschach test are frequently used in juvenile justice settings to assess current psychological functioning and to predict future behavior. The Exner Comprehensive System, which standardized the Rorschach, made possible a comparison of the Rorschach and the MMPI in an investigation of…

  5. Vocational Training in Juvenile Detention: A Call for Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ameen, Edward J.; Lee, Debbiesiu L.

    2012-01-01

    Given high recidivism rates and the vulnerability of detained youth, the authors posit that juvenile detention centers may be most efficacious by serving as both place and process to create career opportunity through vocational training. The authors review the psychosocial factors contributing to delinquency and the primary theories of…

  6. Adult vultures outperform juveniles in challenging thermal soaring conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harel, Roi; Horvitz, Nir; Nathan, Ran

    2016-01-01

    Due to the potentially detrimental consequences of low performance in basic functional tasks, individuals are expected to improve performance with age and show the most marked changes during early stages of life. Soaring-gliding birds use rising-air columns (thermals) to reduce energy expenditure allocated to flight. We offer a framework to evaluate thermal soaring performance, and use GPS-tracking to study movements of Eurasian griffon vultures (Gyps fulvus). Because the location and intensity of thermals are variable, we hypothesized that soaring performance would improve with experience and predicted that the performance of inexperienced individuals (5 years). No differences were found in body characteristics, climb rates under low wind shear, and thermal selection, presumably due to vultures’ tendency to forage in mixed-age groups. Adults, however, outperformed juveniles in their ability to adjust fine-scale movements under challenging conditions, as juveniles had lower climb rates under intermediate wind shear, particularly on the lee-side of thermal columns. Juveniles were also less efficient along the route both in terms of time and energy. The consequences of these handicaps are probably exacerbated if juveniles lag behind adults in finding and approaching food. PMID:27291590

  7. Juvenile Justice and a Strengths Perspective: Complement or Clash?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Michael D.

    2009-01-01

    Does the new realm of positive psychology and strength-based strategies complement or clash with the remedial discipline of social control traditionally practiced in juvenile justice programs? Many welcome the balance of positive psychology, the strengths perspective, and coping and resilience studies. Although emerging from different disciplines,…

  8. Washington State Juvenile Justice Code: An Experiment in Justice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illinois Univ., Champaign. Community Research Center.

    In the Washington State juvenile justice system, serious or repeat offenders receive the full panoply of due process rights and procedures, with the exception of jury trials; minor offenders are diverted to community boards that require community service or victim restitution; and status offenders are removed from the courts' jurisdiction and…

  9. Violent Juvenile Delinquents: Treatment Effectiveness and Implications for Future Action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tate, David C.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Considers the research in addressing how society should reasonably invest in the treatment of violent juvenile offenders. The authors first examine the problems of evaluating interventions with violent youth, then explore various intervention options. The use of multisystemic therapy is offered as a cost-effective program for reducing juvenile…

  10. Adolescent Neglect, Juvenile Delinquency and the Risk of Recidivism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Joseph P.; Williams, Abigail B.; Courtney, Mark E.

    2013-01-01

    Victims of child abuse and neglect are at an increased risk of involvement with the juvenile justice and adult correctional systems. Yet, little is known about the continuation and trajectories of offending beyond initial contact with law enforcement. Neglect likely plays a critical role in continued offending as parental monitoring, parental…

  11. Juvenile sex offenders: Personality profile, coping styles and parental care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Margari, Francesco; Lecce, Paola Alessandra; Craig, Francesco; Lafortezza, Elena; Lisi, Andrea; Pinto, Floriana; Stallone, Valentina; Pierri, Grazia; Pisani, Rossella; Zagaria, Giuseppina; Margari, Lucia; Grattagliano, Ignazio

    2015-09-30

    In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in juvenile sex offenders showing that this population is highly heterogeneous. The aim of the present study was to identify possible different profiles that could help understand the motivation behind offending, comparing 31 Juvenile Sexual Offenders (JSOs), 31 Juvenile Sexual Non Offenders (JSNOs) and 31 Juvenile Non Offenders (Control Group). A data collection form, the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Adolescent (MMPI-A) or Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2), the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) and the Parental Bonding Inventory (PBI) were administered to all participants. The results show that JSOs differs from JNSOs in some domains, such as living in single-parent homes, while maintain some common aspects such as academic failure and previous sexual intercourse. Moreover, JNSOs showed more abnormal personality traits, such as Authority Problems, MacAndrew Alcoholism, Acknowledgement and Alcohol-Drug Problem Proneness compared to JSOs and the Control Group, while JSOs and JNSOs use a coping strategy more oriented to Avoidance and Distraction compared to the Control group. Finally, JSOs described the relationships with fathers characterized by higher care and protection than JNSOs. These findings provide additional evidence with respect the prevention and treatment of criminal sexual behavior in adolescent. PMID:26233829

  12. Serum neopterin is not increased in obese juveniles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangge, Harald; Freytag, Florian; Almer, Gunter; Weghuber, Daniel; Bauer-Denk, Carmen; Fuchs, Dietmar

    2011-01-01

    Objective. Cardiovascular disease is associated with inflammation and immune activation, concentrations of immune activation markers like neopterin predict outcome in adults. Methods. Serum neopterin concentrations and early metabolic and pre-atherosclerotic symptoms were analyzed in 295 obese juveniles and 101 normal weight controls of similar age. Additionally, the influence of a 12 months weight reduction program on neopterin levels was investigated in 31 obese juveniles. Results. Intima-media thickness of common carotid arteries (IMT) and the concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP) were increased in the obese juveniles (P sports, nutritional devices, and a psychologic attendance led after 12 months to an increase of neopterin concentration (P < .05; paired test). Conclusions. Neopterin concentrations in juvenile obesity behaved considerably different from what was demonstrated in adults, levels did not correlate with metabolic and pre-atherosclerotic symptoms found in early phases although early vascular burden and chronic low grade inflammation was indicated by increased IMT and CRP. Neopterin concentrations increased after a 12 months intervention program. PMID:21274279

  13. Artificial diets for juvenile queen conch: Studies examine algae content

    Science.gov (United States)

    Researchers at Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute at Florida Atlantic University found juvenile queen conch fed diets containing added macroalgae had higher survival than a control given catfish feed only, but saw no significant difference in overall growth rates among the treatments. In a secon...

  14. Legal Bibliography for Juvenile and Family Courts. Supplement 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheridan, William H.; Freer, Alice B.

    This bibliography provides a listing of journal articles on such topics as: the abused child, adoptions, case decisions, confessions, constitutional law, counsel, court administration and organization, courts, criminal law and procedure, custody, delinquency, domestic relations, due process for juveniles, evidence, family court and family law,…

  15. Bullying in Schools: An Overview. Juvenile Justice Bulletin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seeley, Ken; Tombari, Martin L.; Bennett, Laurie J.; Dunkle, Jason B.

    2011-01-01

    Researchers from the National Center for School Engagement conducted a series of studies to explore the connections between bullying in schools, school attendance and engagement, and academic achievement. This bulletin provides an overview of the studies funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), a summary of the…

  16. Juvenile Suicides, 1981?1998. Youth Violence Research Bulletin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Howard N.; Swahn, Monica H.

    2004-01-01

    The Surgeon General?s report on youth violence, released in January 2001, notes that youth violence is a serious public health issue that affects millions of children and their families. A shared commitment to ending youth violence has led to a strong partnership between the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention and the Centers…

  17. Degradation of juvenile hormone analog by soil microbial isolates

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Novák, Jaroslav; Vlasáková, Věra; Tykva, Richard; Ruml, T.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 52, - (2003), s. 151-159. ISSN 0045-6535 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA203/99/1447 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z5038910; CEZ:AV0Z4055905 Keywords : juvenile hormone * biodegradation * pesticides Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry Impact factor: 1.904, year: 2003

  18. THERAPY OF R EFRACTOR Y JUVENILE CHRONIC ARTHRITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Michels

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Summary Up-to-date aspects of treatment of refractory form of juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA is presented. JCA therapy by high doses of parenteral Methotrexate, tactics of combined using of disease modifying drugs, efficacy of «new» cytotoxic drugs, intravenous immunoglobulin and anticytokine therapy and autologous stem cel! transplantation were presented.

  19. A Longitudinal Study of Cocaine Use among Juvenile Arrestees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dembo, Richard; Wareham, Jennifer; Schmeidler, James

    2007-01-01

    We report the results of latent growth model analyses examining the continuity of cocaine use among adolescents. This study examined a sample of 278 justice-involved juveniles completing at least one of three follow-up interviews as part of a National Institute on Drug Abuse funded study. Latent growth models were analyzed examining (1) changes in…

  20. Gender and Racial Bias in Juvenile Computer Books.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishop, Kay; Bishop, Jennifer

    2000-01-01

    This action research study looks at a sample of 30 juvenile computer books from the past 30 years and analyzes the illustrations for evidence of gender and racial bias as well as career depiction. Examines the gender of authors and illustrators and discusses library media implications. (Author/LRW)

  1. Exercise testing and fitness training in juvenile idiopathic arthritis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Singh-Grewal, D.

    2010-01-01

    Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis is the commonest rheumatic disease of childhood affecting 1:1000 children under the age of 16 years. Children with JIA have long been sidelined from physical activity due to active disease or irrational concerns that activity may in some way worsen disease. Children wit

  2. The Ohio Department of Youth Services Juvenile Prison Library System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herring, Deidra N.

    2009-01-01

    The article is an introduction to The Ohio Department of Youth Services librarians and the services they provide. Information about each juvenile prison facility is revealed and provides an explanation of guidelines and standards for prison libraries. Sixty-eight questions were asked in four in-person interviews to present a profile of the…

  3. Enhanced Generalization of Auditory Conditioned Fear in Juvenile Mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Wataru; Pan, Bing-Xing; Yang, Chao; Thakur, Siddarth; Morozov, Alexei

    2009-01-01

    Increased emotionality is a characteristic of human adolescence, but its animal models are limited. Here we report that generalization of auditory conditioned fear between a conditional stimulus (CS+) and a novel auditory stimulus is stronger in 4-5-wk-old mice (juveniles) than in their 9-10-wk-old counterparts (adults), whereas nonassociative…

  4. Sports Participation and Juvenile Delinquency: A Meta-Analytic Review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Spruit; E. van Vugt; C. van der Put; T. van der Stouwe; G.J. Stams

    2015-01-01

    Participation in sports activities is very popular among adolescents, and is frequently encouraged among youth. Many psychosocial health benefits in youth are attributed to sports participation, but to what extent this positive influence holds for juvenile delinquency is still not clear on both the

  5. Truancy Reduction: Keeping Students in School. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Myriam L.; Sigmon, Jane Nady; Nugent, M. Elaine

    Each school day, hundreds of thousands of students are missing from their classrooms--many without a bona fide excuse. Left unchecked, truancy is a risk factor for serious juvenile delinquency. Truancy's impact also extends into the adult years where it has been linked to numerous negative outcomes. Consequently, it is critical to identify…

  6. THE ISSUES OF COMBATING OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY OF TEENAGERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. A. Tarchokov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Reveals the problem of juvenile delinquency: a condition, the dynamics of crime; the main risk factors affecting juvenile delinquency, as well as the measures undertaken for the prevention of juvenile delinquency offenses The study, which was always urgent, now acquired a special significance. Adolescence is traditionally considered problematic period in the formation and development of personality. You should also take into account the fact that exacerbated existing internal contradictions in their teens. Numerous studies and centuries of history show that the crime, in fact, is deep-rooted and deal with it, known to date, methods can not be, because it is as natural as the human nature. The phenomenon, which is now troubling modern society, juvenile delinquency, its scope and the criminalization of teenage environment. Of course, we will not cover all background and factors influencing the crime, but will discuss the social side of the problem and the measures that may have a positive effect. One of reasons is the imperfection of the legislative framework in this sphere. This is not, as such, the possibility of setting on the register persons engaged in vagrancy, begging, difficult adolescents, persons who evade education. A consequence of the lack of a unified preventive system is its low efficiency. According to various reports in the country of about 3 million homeless children living at railway stations, in the cellars, in the streets.

  7. Innovating imaging in juvenile idiopathic arthritis: an ongoing quest

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C.M. Nusman

    2015-01-01

    This thesis focusses on the ongoing quest of imaging in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The innovations within the field of imaging in JIA are discussed, in order to increase the added value of imaging in the evaluation of disease activity and the management of patients with JIA. The thesis is

  8. Pelvic MRI findings of juvenile-onset ankylosing spondylitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Mehmet Halit; Ozbayrak, Mustafa; Kasapcopur, Ozgur; Kurugoglu, Sebuh; Kanberoglu, Kaya

    2010-09-01

    Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is the most common clinical subgroup of sero-negative spondyloarthropathies. Radiographic and clinical signs of bilateral inflammatory involvement of sacroiliac joints are the gold standard for the diagnosis of juvenile AS. Although radiographic evidence of sacroiliitis is included in the definition, it is not mandatory for the diagnosis of juvenile AS. The aim of this study is to describe pelvic enthesitis-osteitis MRI findings accompanying sacroiliitis in a group of juvenile AS. Eleven patients suffering from low back pain underwent MRI of the pelvis and were enrolled in this retrospective study. The mean duration of symptoms was 12 months. The mean age of the 11 cases in our study was 12.18 years (range, 6-19). There were eight boys and three girls. Anteroposterior radiographs of the pelvis were obtained in all patients. Sacroiliac joint involvement was detected in all of the cases by pelvic MRI. Pathologic signal changes were detected in the pubic symphisis (osteitis pubis) in ten cases, trochanteric bursitis in six cases, coxofemoral joint in five cases, crista iliaca in three cases, and ischion pubis in three cases. There was increased T2 signal intensity in eight of the 11 cases (72.7%) relevant with soft tissue edema/inflammation. This high correlation between sacroiliitis and enthesitis suggests that enthesitis could be an important finding in juvenile AS. PMID:20549278

  9. National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence. Juvenile Justice Bulletin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finkelhor, David; Turner, Heather; Ormrod, Richard; Hamby, Sherry; Kracke, Kristen

    2009-01-01

    This Bulletin discusses the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV), the most comprehensive nationwide survey of the incidence and prevalence of children's exposure to violence to date, sponsored by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) and supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention…

  10. Attachment and Social Problem Solving in Juvenile Delinquents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathew, Saritha S.; And Others

    This study investigates characteristics of juvenile delinquency and youth violence by examining attachment and social problem skills. Attachment theory integrates features of psychoanalytic theory, ethology, and cognitive psychology. Research on adolescent attachment suggests that parents continue to function as a secure base for their teenage…

  11. Plato and Rawls on Correctional Rehabilitation of Juvenile Offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geiger, Brenda

    1996-01-01

    Adopting the perspectives of the philosophers Plato and Rawls, addresses the issues of juvenile offenders' rehabilitation and consent. Focuses on paternalistic intervention, autonomous decision-making ability, and moral immaturity. Discusses Plato's theme of rehabilitating offenders' sick souls, whether they agree or not, and Rawls more democratic…

  12. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Korean Juvenile Delinquents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chae, Paul Kyuman; Jung, Hyun-Oak; Noh, Kyung-Sun

    2001-01-01

    Identifies attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (ADHD) in Korean juvenile delinquents. Intelligence tests, Test of Variables of Attention, Teacher Report form, Youth Self-Report, and Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale were administered to 98 incarcerated youth and 84 nondelinquent youth. In the delinquent youth, 42.2% of the adolescents were…

  13. The Delinquencies of Juvenile Law: A Natural Law Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellis Washington

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This article is a substantive analysis tracing the legal, philosophical, social, historical, jurisprudence and political backgrounds of juvenile law, which is an outgrowth of the so-calledProgressive movement - a popular social and political movement of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. I also trace how this socio-political cause célèbre became a fixture in Americanculture and society due to existential child labor abuses which progressive intellectuals used as a pretext to codify juvenile law in federal law and in statutory law in all 50 states by 1925. Moreover the dubious social science and Machiavellian political efforts that created the juvenile justice system out of whole cloth has done much more harm to the Constitution and to the children it was mandated to protect than any of the Progressive ideas initially envisioned rooted in Positive Law (separation of law and morals. Finally, I present am impassioned argument for congressional repeal of all juvenile case law and statutes because they are rooted in Positive Law, contrary to Natural Law (integration of law and morals, the original intent of the constitutional Framers and are therefore patently unconstitutional.

  14. Cultural Differences in Adolescents' Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyson, G. A.; Hubert, Carol J.

    2002-01-01

    Examined lay explanations for juvenile delinquency given by Australian adolescents from either collectivist (Asian) or individualist (Australian) cultural backgrounds. Student surveys indicated that, after controlling for socioeconomic and demographic variables, there were small differences between the groups, with individualistic teens tending to…

  15. Lagos and the invention of juvenile delinquency in Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Fourchard, Laurent

    2006-01-01

    in the 1920s Nigerian newspapers began to report pickpocketing and prostitution by young people. Until the appointment, in 1941, of the first Social Welfare Officer, this was largely ignored by the administration. Then two processes were implemented : ‘juvenile delinquency' as a social problem; and criminalization of a large portion of urban youth.

  16. Juvenile Delinquency and Recidivism: The Impact of Academic Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katsiyannis, Antonis; Ryan, Joseph B.; Zhang, Dalun; Spann, Anastasia

    2008-01-01

    For well over a century, behavioral researchers have attempted to understand the relation between juvenile delinquency and academic achievement. The authors review current literature pertaining to academic achievement and its effect on delinquency. While researchers have not yet been able to establish a direct causal relation between these two…

  17. Habitat use by juvenile Golden Eagles Aquila chrysaetos in Spain

    OpenAIRE

    Soutullo, Álvaro; Urios, Vicente; Ferrer, Miguel, ed.imp.lib; López-López, Pascual

    2008-01-01

    Dispersing juvenile Golden Eagles are habitat generalists that do not regularly use temporary settlements. Conselleria de Territori i Habitatge of the Generalitat Valenciana and the Spanish Ministerio de Medio Ambiente. P. López-López is supported by an FPU grant of the Spanish Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (reference AP2005-0874).

  18. Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas in Denmark 1981-2003

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glad, H; Vainer, B; Buchwald, C;

    2007-01-01

    CONCLUSIONS: Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is a rare tumor in young males, with a non-negligible potential for recurrence. Preoperative embolization is a safe procedure that diminishes the peroperative blood loss and the need for blood transfusion. The endoscopic approach was used with...

  19. Crocodylus acutus (American Crocodile). Long distance juvenile movement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crespo, Rafael; Beauchamp, Jeffrey S.; Mazzotti, Frank; Cherkiss, Michael S.

    2015-01-01

    Crocodylus acutus (American Crocodile) is the most widely distributed New World crocodilian species with its range extending from Peru in the south to the southern tip of peninsular Florida in the north. Crocodylus acutus occupies primarily coastal brackish water habitat, however it also occurs in freshwater to hypersaline habitats (Thorbjarnarson 2010. In Crocodiles. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. [Third Edition], American Crocodile Crocodylus acutus, pp. 46–53 S.C. Manolis and C. Stevenson. Crocodile Specialist Group, Darwin). There is limited literature on long distance movements of juvenile crocodilians worldwide and no literature on juvenile crocodiles in Florida. However, adult C. acutus in Florida have been documented to make seasonal movements of 5–15 km from preferred foraging habitat to nesting beaches (Mazzotti 1983. The Ecology of Crocodylus acutus in Florida. PhD Dissertation. The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania. 161pp), and one adult was documented making a 35 km trip from her nest site to preferred foraging habitat (Cherkiss et. al. 2006. Herpetol. Rev. 38:72–73). Rodda (1984. Herpetologica 40:444–451) reported on juvenile C. acutus movement in Gatun Lake, Panama, and found that juveniles stayed within 1 km of their nest site for the first month. Movements of juvenile Crocodylus porosus (Saltwater Crocodile) in a river system in Northern Australia showed a maximum movement of 38.9 km from a known nest site, with the majority of the crocodiles staying within 15.6 km downstream to 6.8 km upstream (Webb and Messel 1978. Aust. Wildlife Res. 5:263–283). Juvenile movement of Crocodylus niloticus (Nile Crocodile) in Lake Ngezi, Zimbabwe showed crocodiles restricted their movements from 1.0 km up to 4.5 km through the wet and dry seasons (Hutton 1989. Am. Zool. 29:1033–1049). Long distance movements of alligators were recorded for sizes ranging from 28 cm to 361 cm in a coastal refuge in Louisiana, where

  20. Chemical Evolution of the Juvenile Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wasserburg, G. J.; Qian, Y.-Z.

    2009-09-01

    Models of average Galactic chemical abundances are in good general agreement with observations for [Fe/H] > -1.5, but there are gross discrepancies at lower metallicities. Only massive stars contribute to the chemical evolution of the `juvenile universe' corresponding to [Fe/H] SN II contributions. Both low-mass (~8-11 Msolar) and normal (~12-25 Msolar) SNe II produce neutron stars, which have intense neutrino-driven winds in their nascent stages. These winds produce elements such as Sr, Y and Zr through charged-particle reactions (CPR). Such elements are often called the `light r-process elements', but are considered here as products of CPR and not the r process. The observed absence of production of the low-A elements (Na through Zn including Fe) when the true r-process elements (Ba and above) are produced requires that only low-mass SNe II be the site if the r process occurs in SNe II. Normal SNe II produce the CPR elements in addition to the low-A elements. This results in a two-component model that is quantitatively successful in explaining the abundances of all elements relative to hydrogen for -3 = -0.32. Recent observations show that there are stars with [Sr/Fe] <~ -2 and [Fe/H] < -3. This proves that the two-component model is not correct and that a third component is necessary to explain the observations. The production of CPR elements associated with the formation of neutron stars requires that the third component must be massive stars ending as black holes. It is concluded that stars of ~25-50 Msolar (possibly up to ~100 Msolar) are the appropriate candidates. These produce hypernovae (HNe) that have very high Fe yields and are observed today. Stars of ~140-260 Msolar are completely disrupted upon explosion. However, they produce an abundance pattern greatly deficient in elements of odd atomic numbers, which is not observed, and therefore they are not considered as a source here. Using a Salpeter initial mass function, it is shown that HNe are a source

  1. MRI findings of juvenile psoriatic arthritis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Edward Y.; Kleinman, Paul K. [Harvard Medical School, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Children' s Hospital Boston, MA (United States); Sundel, Robert P.; Kim, Susan [Harvard Medical School, Rheumatology Program, Division of Immunology and the Department of Pediatrics, Boston, MA (United States); Children' s Hospital Boston, MA (United States); Zurakowski, David [Harvard Medical School, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Harvard Medical School, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Boston, MA (United States); Children' s Hospital Boston, MA (United States)

    2008-11-15

    The aim of this study was to describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of juvenile psoriatic arthritis (JpsA) in children in order to facilitate early diagnosis and proper management. Two pediatric radiologists retrospectively reviewed in consensus a total of 37 abnormal MRI examinations from 31 pediatric patients (nine boys, 22 girls; age range 1-17 years; mean age 9.4 years) who had a definite diagnosis of JpsA and underwent MRI. Each MRI was evaluated for synovium abnormality (thickening and enhancement), joint effusion (small, moderate, and large), bone marrow abnormality (edema, enhancement, and location of abnormality), soft tissue abnormality (edema, enhancement, atrophy, and fatty infiltration), tendon abnormality (thickening, edema, tendon sheath fluid, and enhancement), and articular abnormality (joint space narrowing and erosion). The distribution of abnormal MRI findings among the six categories for the 37 MRI examinations was evaluated. The number of abnormal MRI findings for each MRI examination was assessed. Age at MRI examination and all six categories of abnormal MRI findings according to gender were evaluated. There were a total 96 abnormal MRI findings noted on 37 abnormal MRI examinations from 31 pediatric patients. The 37 abnormal MRI examinations included MRI of the hand (n=8), knee (n = 8), ankle (n = 5), pelvis (n = 5), temporomandibular joint (n = 4), wrist (n = 3), foot (n = 2), elbow (n = 1), and shoulder (n = 1). Twenty-eight diffuse synovial thickening and/or enhancement were the most common MRI abnormality (29.2%). Joint effusion comprised 22 abnormal MRI findings (22.9%). There were 16 abnormal MRI bone marrow edema and/or enhancement findings (16.7%), and in seven (7.3%) the edema involved non-articular sites. Soft tissue abnormality manifested as edema and/or enhancement constituted 14 abnormal MRI findings (14.5%). There were ten MRI abnormalities (10.4%) involving tendons. Articular abnormality seen as joint space

  2. MRI findings of juvenile psoriatic arthritis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of juvenile psoriatic arthritis (JpsA) in children in order to facilitate early diagnosis and proper management. Two pediatric radiologists retrospectively reviewed in consensus a total of 37 abnormal MRI examinations from 31 pediatric patients (nine boys, 22 girls; age range 1-17 years; mean age 9.4 years) who had a definite diagnosis of JpsA and underwent MRI. Each MRI was evaluated for synovium abnormality (thickening and enhancement), joint effusion (small, moderate, and large), bone marrow abnormality (edema, enhancement, and location of abnormality), soft tissue abnormality (edema, enhancement, atrophy, and fatty infiltration), tendon abnormality (thickening, edema, tendon sheath fluid, and enhancement), and articular abnormality (joint space narrowing and erosion). The distribution of abnormal MRI findings among the six categories for the 37 MRI examinations was evaluated. The number of abnormal MRI findings for each MRI examination was assessed. Age at MRI examination and all six categories of abnormal MRI findings according to gender were evaluated. There were a total 96 abnormal MRI findings noted on 37 abnormal MRI examinations from 31 pediatric patients. The 37 abnormal MRI examinations included MRI of the hand (n=8), knee (n = 8), ankle (n = 5), pelvis (n = 5), temporomandibular joint (n = 4), wrist (n = 3), foot (n = 2), elbow (n = 1), and shoulder (n = 1). Twenty-eight diffuse synovial thickening and/or enhancement were the most common MRI abnormality (29.2%). Joint effusion comprised 22 abnormal MRI findings (22.9%). There were 16 abnormal MRI bone marrow edema and/or enhancement findings (16.7%), and in seven (7.3%) the edema involved non-articular sites. Soft tissue abnormality manifested as edema and/or enhancement constituted 14 abnormal MRI findings (14.5%). There were ten MRI abnormalities (10.4%) involving tendons. Articular abnormality seen as joint space

  3. Gas bubble disease monitoring and research of juvenile salmonids

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document describes the project activities 1996--1997 contract year. This report is composed of three chapters which contain data and analyses of the three main elements of the project: field research to determine the vertical distribution of migrating juvenile salmonids, monitoring of juvenile migrants at dams on the Snake and Columbia rivers, and laboratory experiments to describe the progression of gas bubble disease signs leading to mortality. The major findings described in this report are: A miniature pressure-sensitive radio transmitter was found to be accurate and precise and, after compensation for water temperature, can be used to determine the depth of tagged-fish to within 0.32 m of the true depth (Chapter 1). Preliminary data from very few fish suggest that depth protects migrating juvenile steelhead from total dissolved gas supersaturation (Chapter 1). As in 1995, few fish had any signs of gas bubble disease, but it appeared that prevalence and severity increased as fish migrated downstream and in response to changing gas supersaturation (Chapter 2). It appeared to gas bubble disease was not a threat to migrating juvenile salmonids when total dissolved gas supersaturation was < 120% (Chapter 2). Laboratory studies suggest that external examinations are appropriate for determining the severity of gas bubble disease in juvenile salmonids (Chapter 3). The authors developed a new method for examining gill arches for intravascular bubbles by clamping the ventral aorta to reduce bleeding when arches were removed (Chapter 3). Despite an outbreak of bacterial kidney disease in the experimental fish, the data indicate that gas bubble disease is a progressive trauma that can be monitored (Chapter 3)

  4. The Importance of Juvenile Root Traits for Crop Yields

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Philip; Adu, Michael; Broadley, Martin; Brown, Lawrie; Dupuy, Lionel; George, Timothy; Graham, Neil; Hammond, John; Hayden, Rory; Neugebauer, Konrad; Nightingale, Mark; Ramsay, Gavin; Thomas, Catherine; Thompson, Jacqueline; Wishart, Jane; Wright, Gladys

    2014-05-01

    Genetic variation in root system architecture (RSA) is an under-exploited breeding resource. This is partly a consequence of difficulties in the rapid and accurate assessment of subterranean root systems. However, although the characterisation of root systems of large plants in the field are both time-consuming and labour-intensive, high-throughput (HTP) screens of root systems of juvenile plants can be performed in the field, glasshouse or laboratory. It is hypothesised that improving the root systems of juvenile plants can accelerate access to water and essential mineral elements, leading to rapid crop establishment and, consequently, greater yields. This presentation will illustrate how aspects of the juvenile root systems of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) and oilseed rape (OSR; Brassica napus L.) correlate with crop yields and examine the reasons for such correlations. It will first describe the significant positive relationships between early root system development, phosphorus acquisition, canopy establishment and eventual yield among potato genotypes. It will report the development of a glasshouse assay for root system architecture (RSA) of juvenile potato plants, the correlations between root system architectures measured in the glasshouse and field, and the relationships between aspects of the juvenile root system and crop yields under drought conditions. It will then describe the development of HTP systems for assaying RSA of OSR seedlings, the identification of genetic loci affecting RSA in OSR, the development of mathematical models describing resource acquisition by OSR, and the correlations between root traits recorded in the HTP systems and yields of OSR in the field.

  5. Vascular transcriptional alterations produced by juvenile obesity in Ossabaw swine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padilla, Jaume; Jenkins, Nathan T; Lee, Sewon; Zhang, Hanrui; Cui, Jian; Zuidema, Mozow Y; Zhang, Cuihua; Hill, Michael A; Perfield, James W; Ibdah, Jamal A; Booth, Frank W; Davis, J Wade; Laughlin, M Harold; Rector, R Scott

    2013-06-01

    We adopted a transcriptome-wide microarray analysis approach to determine the extent to which vascular gene expression is altered as a result of juvenile obesity and identify obesity-responsive mRNAs. We examined transcriptional profiles in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), perivascular fat adjacent to the LAD, and descending thoracic aorta between obese (n = 5) and lean (n = 6) juvenile Ossabaw pigs (age = 22 wk). Obesity was experimentally induced by feeding the animals a high-fat/high-fructose corn syrup/high-cholesterol diet for 16 wk. We found that expression of 189 vascular cell genes in the LAD and expression of 165 genes in the thoracic aorta were altered with juvenile obesity (false discovery rate ≤ 10%) with an overlap of only 28 genes between both arteries. Notably, a number of genes found to be markedly upregulated in the LAD of obese pigs are implicated in atherosclerosis, including ACP5, LYZ, CXCL14, APOE, PLA2G7, LGALS3, SPP1, ITGB2, CYBB, and P2RY12. Furthermore, pathway analysis revealed the induction of proinflammatory and pro-oxidant pathways with obesity primarily in the LAD. Gene expression in the LAD perivascular fat was minimally altered with juvenile obesity. Together, we provide new evidence that obesity produces artery-specific changes in pretranslational regulation with a clear upregulation of proatherogenic genes in the LAD. Our data may offer potential viable drug targets and mechanistic insights regarding the molecular precursors involved in the origins of overnutrition and obesity-associated vascular disease. In particular, our results suggest that the oxidized LDL/LOX-1/NF-κB signaling axis may be involved in the early initiation of a juvenile obesity-induced proatherogenic coronary artery phenotype. PMID:23592636

  6. ADVANCES IN THE ASSESSMENT AND TREATMENT OF JUVENILE OFFENDERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Hoge

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides an introduction to best practices in the assessment and treatment of juvenile offenders. Many of the guidelinespresented in the paper derive from recent theory and research in criminology and psychology. Much of that research has been conductedin western societies, and it remains to be seen to what extent conclusions from that research can generalize beyond thosesettings. However, clinical experience suggests that many of the principles of best practice do have application across a broad rangeof cultures. This paper refl ects a child welfare/rehabilitation orientation toward the treatment of the juvenile offender. As explainedbelow, current theory and research from psychology and criminology support the position that juvenile justice systems focusing onthe identifi cation and amelioration of criminogenic defi cits in the youth and their circumstances produce more positive outcomes thanother approaches, including those focusing on punitive sanctions. As well, the implications of the child welfare/rehabilitation modelfor the treatment of the youth are fully consistent with the UNICEF Guiding Principles for Organizations and Individuals Dealingwith Child Welfare and the United Nations Convention on the Right of the Child. The paper begins with a discussion of alternative approachesto the treatment of offenders within juvenile justice systems. This is followed by a brief introduction to contemporary theoryand research on the causes and correlates of youth crime and the most effi cacious approaches for addressing this serious problem.A discussion of best practices in the assessment of juvenile offenders is then presented. This includes an identifi cation of some usefulassessment instruments and procedures as well as practical guidelines in the conduct of assessments. The following section presentsa discussion of effective strategies for case planning and management, including the identifi cation of evidence-based treatments.

  7. Malignancy incidence in 5294 patients with juvenile arthritis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zahedi Niaki, Omid; Clarke, Ann E; Ramsey-Goldman, Rosalind; Yeung, Rae; Hayward, Kristen; Oen, Kiem; Duffy, Ciarán M; Rosenberg, Alan; O'Neil, Kathleen M; von Scheven, Emily; Schanberg, Laura; Labrecque, Jeremy; Tse, Shirley M L; Hasija, Rachana; Lee, Jennifer L F; Bernatsky, Sasha

    2016-01-01

    Objective To determine cancer incidence in a large clinical juvenile-onset arthritis population. Methods We combined data from 6 existing North American juvenile-onset arthritis cohorts. Patients with juvenile-onset arthritis were linked to regional cancer registries to detect incident cancers after cohort entry, defined as first date seen in the paediatric rheumatology clinic. The expected number of malignancies was obtained by multiplying the person-years observed (defined from cohort entry to end of follow-up) by the geographically matched age, sex and calendar year-specific cancer rates. The standardised incidence ratios (SIR; ratio of cancers observed to expected) were generated, with 95% CIs. Results The 6 juvenile arthritis registries provided a total of 5294 patients. The mean age at cohort entry was 8.9 (SD 5.0) years and 68% of participants were female. The mean duration of follow-up was 6.8 years with a total of 36 063 person-years spanning 1978–2012. During follow-up, 9 invasive cancers occurred, compared with 10.9 expected (SIR 0.82, 95% CI 0.38 to 1.5). 3 of these were haematological (Hodgkin's, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and leukaemia). 6 of the patients with cancer were exposed to disease-modifying drugs; 5 of these had also been exposed to biological agents. Conclusions We did not clearly demonstrate an increase in overall malignancy risk in patients with juvenile-onset arthritis followed for an average of almost 7 years. 3 of the 9 observed cancers were haematological. 5 of the cancers arose in children exposed to biological agents. Longer follow-up of this population is warranted, with further study of drug effects. PMID:27175293

  8. Leucemia mielomonocítica juvenil: relato de caso Juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariela G. Farias

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A leucemia mielomonocítica juvenil (LMMJ é uma doença rara, que representa de 2%a 3% de todas as leucemias pediátricas. É uma doença clonal de células da linhagem mieloide, que apresenta características de mieloproliferação e de displasia. Os sinais e os sintomas são resultantes da infiltração de células monocíticas malignas em órgãos não hematopoéticos. Os sintomas mais comuns são febre, tosse, infecção, fraqueza, palidez, linfadenopatia, hepatoesplenomegalia, lesões cutâneas e manifestações hemorrágicas. Como a LMMJ exibe um curso clínico muito agressivo e responde pobremente à quimioterapia, o transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas é a única modalidade terapêutica curativa. Neste estudo, relatamos o caso de um paciente do sexo masculino, com um ano e dez meses de idade, que compareceu na emergência do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre por apresentar febre, com diagnóstico prévio de mononucleose feito em outra Instituição. A apresentação clínica, em conjunto com os achados laboratoriais, permitiu o diagnóstico correto. O paciente foi tratado com quimioterapia e submetido a transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas.Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML is a rare hematopoietic malignancy, which accounts for 2 to 3% of all pediatric leukemia. JMML is a myeloproliferative disorder characterized by monoclonal overproduction of myeloid cells. The signs and symptoms are a result of the infiltration of monocytic cells into non-hematopoietic organs; the most common symptoms are fever, cough, infection, weakness, pallor, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, skin lesions and bleeding. JMML runs an aggressive clinical course and responds poorly to chemotherapy. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the only curative treatment. We describe the case of a 22-month-old male child, who appeared in the emergency room of Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre because of fever and with a previous

  9. Violent juvenile sex offenders compared with violent juvenile nonsex offenders: explorative findings from the Pittsburgh Youth Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijk, van A.P.; Loeber, R.; Vermeiren, R; Pardini, D.; Bullens, R.A.R.; Doreleijers, T.A.H.

    2005-01-01

    Only a limited number of studies have compared the psychosocial characteristics of juvenile sex offenders and nonsex offenders. The results of these studies have often been contradictory. Furthermore, studies in normal population groups are rare and most of those studies have been conducted in speci

  10. Total reproductive value of juvenile females is twice that of juvenile males under X-linkage and haplodiploidy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, Andy

    2014-10-21

    Grafen (2014) has shown that, although the total reproductive value of females is not generally equal to that of males in an age-structured population under diploidy and autosomal inheritance, the total reproductive value of juvenile females is equal to that of juvenile males, provided there is a stable class distribution. It is the latter equality that is key to R.A. Fisher׳s famous explanation for equal investment into daughters and sons. Here, I simplify the derivation of Grafen׳s key result and extend the analysis to consider X-linkage and haplodiploid inheritance, i.e. scenarios in which a female receives one set of genes from her mother and one set from her father but where males receive genes only from their mother. I find that, although the total reproductive value of females need not be twice that of males, as is commonly supposed, the total reproductive value of juvenile females is twice that of juvenile males. This recovers the principle of equal maternal investment into daughters and sons in panmictic populations. PMID:25017725

  11. The PICO strategy for the research question construction and evidence search Estrategia PICO para la construcción de la pregunta de investigación y la búsqueda de evidencias A estratégia PICO para a construção da pergunta de pesquisa e busca de evidências

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Mamédio da Costa Santos

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Evidence based practice is the use of the best scientific evidence to support the clinical decision making. The identification of the best evidence requires the construction of an appropriate research question and review of the literature. This article describes the use of the PICO strategy for the construction of the research question and bibliographical search.La práctica basada en evidencias permite la elección de la mejor evidencia científica para subsidiar la toma de decisión clínica. Para lo cual, se requiere de una adecuada construcción de la pregunta de investigación y de la revisión de la literatura. Este artículo describe el uso de la estrategia PICO para la construcción de la pregunta de investigación y la búsqueda bibliográfica.Prática baseada em evidências é a utilização da melhor evidência científica para subsidiar a tomada de decisão clínica. Identificar a melhor evidência requer adequada construção da pergunta de pesquisa e de revisão da literatura e este artigo descreve o uso da estratégia PICO para a construção da pergunta de pesquisa e busca bibliográfica.

  12. Lead reduces shell mass in juvenile garden snails (Helix aspersa)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A high Pb diet causes differential depression of juvenile shell mass in populations of Helix. - In an earlier paper examining inherited tolerance to Pb, the shell growth of laboratory-bred offspring of Helix aspersa from contaminated sites was compared with that of juveniles from naieve populations on dosed and undosed diets. Eight-week-old snails were fed either 500 μg g-1 Pb or a control food in competitive trials between two populations. In the first series of trials, a parental history of exposure to Pb did not confer any advantage to either of two populations (BI and MI) competing with a naieve population (LE), whether Pb was present in the diet or not. However, in the analysis of their metal concentrations reported here, LE are found to retain higher levels of Pb in the soft tissues than either BI or MI. Compared to their siblings on the unleaded diet, dosed LE and BI juveniles had lower soft tissue concentrations of Ca and Mg. Although the growth in shell height is unaffected by diet, LE and BI juveniles build lighter shells on the Pb-dosed diet, achieving around 75% of the shell mass of their controls. In contrast, the shell weights of dosed MI juveniles are depressed by only 15% and show no change in the essential metal concentrations of their soft tissues. A second experiment using five populations fed only the dosed food show that the shell weight/soft tissue weight ratios are comparable to the dosed snails of the previous experiment. Building a lighter shell thus appears to be the common response of all Helix populations to a high Pb diet, at least amongst juveniles. The reduction in its mass means that less Ca and Mg is added to the shell and, along with the lowered soft tissue concentrations observed in some populations, may be a consequence of an increased effort to excrete Pb. The possibility that the MI population shows a genotypic adaptation, perhaps as some form of modification of its Ca metabolism, is briefly discussed

  13. Just Learning: The Imperative to Transform Juvenile Justice Systems into Effective Educational Systems. A Study of Juvenile Justice Schools in the South and the Nation. Special Summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Education Foundation, 2014

    2014-01-01

    This brief summarizes the findings of the larger study, "Just Learning: The Imperative to Transform Juvenile Justice Systems into Effective Educational Systems. A Study of Juvenile Justice Schools in the South and the Nation." With awareness growing that schools are disciplining and suspending minority students at alarming rates, the…

  14. Evidence-Based Interventions for Juvenile Offenders and Juvenile Justice Policies that Support Them. Social Policy Report. Volume 25, Number 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henggeler, Scott W.; Schoenwald, Sonja K.

    2011-01-01

    In a context where more than 1,000,000 American adolescents are processed by juvenile courts annually and approximately 160,000 are sent to residential placements, this paper examines "what works" and "what doesn't work" in reducing the criminal behavior of juvenile offenders and presents examples of government initiatives that have successfully…

  15. Addressing Trauma and Psychosocial Development in Juvenile Justice-Involved Youth: A Synthesis of the Developmental Neuroscience, Juvenile Justice and Trauma Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle Evans-Chase

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Youth incarcerated in the juvenile justice system are disproportionately exposed to traumas both in and outside of custody that are associated with poor social, behavioral, and developmental outcomes. The purpose of this paper is to describe one pathway through which trauma can impact a myriad of outcomes, including delinquency, violence, substance use, and other behaviors that are self-regulatory in nature. Relevant research from the developmental neuroscience, juvenile justice, and trauma literatures are drawn upon and synthesized to describe this pathway. Using a multi-disciplinary approach to understanding the role that brain development and neural activity play in the relationship between trauma and associated behavioral outcomes could serve to inform juvenile justice policy decisions and intervention practice. Such application could increase the effectiveness with which juvenile justice systems work with one of the most vulnerable and traumatized populations of youth in today’s society: those incarcerated in our juvenile justice system.

  16. Imaging findings of juvenile xanthogranuloma of the penis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bradford, Ray K. [Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA (United States); Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA (United States); Choudhary, Arabinda K. [Hershey Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Hershey, PA (United States)

    2009-02-15

    Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) is a rare benign self-limiting lesion presenting in early childhood. It is the commonest variant of non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis and usually presents as a cutaneous mass. It might have a systemic component and also might be associated with other conditions, notably neurofibromatosis and juvenile chronic myelogenous leukemia. Penile masses are unusual in childhood and we describe a case of JXG involving the penis. Although four cases of JXG of the penis have been reported in the literature, this is the first with imaging of the penile lesion. We discuss the clinical and radiological findings, differential diagnosis and management of these cases. High awareness of these lesions in the differential diagnosis of penile masses presenting in early childhood is important to avoid potentially unnecessary ablative genital surgery. Careful assessment should also be made for any systemic involvement and for associated pathologies. (orig.)

  17. Eugenol as an anesthetic for juvenile common snook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jurandir Joaquim Bernardes Júnior

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to evaluate the efficacy of eugenol as an anesthetic for juvenile common snook, and to determine the minimum effective concentration for use in handling procedures. In the first trial, juvenile common snook were subjected to immersion baths at 25, 50, 75, 100, 125, and 150 mg L-1 eugenol concentrations, after which induction and recovery times were evaluated. In the second experiment, the lethal exposure time (LT50 at 75 mg L-1 was estimated. Minimum effective eugenol concentration was 50 mg L-1, andthe stage of deep anesthesia and recovery were, respectively, reached at 126.3 and 208.8 s. At 75 mg L-1, LT50 was 1,314 s, and induction time and recovery were also satisfactory; however, fish cannot tolerate over 229 s exposure.

  18. The Effectiveness of Aftercare for Juvenile and Young Adult Offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Chrissy; Asscher, Jessica J; Stams, Geert Jan J M; van der Laan, Peter H

    2016-08-01

    This study examined the New Perspectives Aftercare Program (NPAP) for serious juvenile and young adult offenders in The Netherlands. Participants (n = 127) were randomly assigned to NPAP (n = 66) or existing aftercare services ("treatment as usual" [TAU], n = 61). The aim was to determine whether NPAP was effective in decreasing cognitive distortions and criminal thinking patterns and increasing prosocial skills of the juveniles compared with TAU. No direct intervention effects were found on any of the outcome measures. Moderator analyses, however, showed several interaction effects of ethnicity and coping skills for both NPAP and TAU youths. Furthermore, NPAP dropouts displayed significantly more indirect aggression at posttest compared with youths dropping out from TAU. Possible explanations for the mostly null effects are discussed, including implications for further research, policy, and practice. PMID:25829455

  19. Perfil cineantropometrico de voleibolista masculinos juveniles de alto rendimiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Raul Siret Alfonso

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Se estudiaron en su forma deportiva (Campeonato Nacional Juvenil 2000 un total de 104 voleibolistas juveniles participantes en el campeonato nacional de esa categoría en el año 2000. A cada uno de estos atletas se le realizó un estudio cineantropométrico completo que comprendió la evaluación de 6 alturas, 2 longitudes, 5 diámetros, 7 circunferencias y el grosor de 7 pliegues cutáneos. A partir de estos indicadores se calcularon 7 índices de proporcionalidad, el somatotipo (Carter, J.E.L.,1980, los indicadores de la composición corporal (Jackson y Pollock, 1978, la edad morfológica (Siret, 1991, el área de la mano, (Siret, 2001 y la superficie corporal (Issakson, 1951.

  20. Imaging findings of juvenile xanthogranuloma of the penis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) is a rare benign self-limiting lesion presenting in early childhood. It is the commonest variant of non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis and usually presents as a cutaneous mass. It might have a systemic component and also might be associated with other conditions, notably neurofibromatosis and juvenile chronic myelogenous leukemia. Penile masses are unusual in childhood and we describe a case of JXG involving the penis. Although four cases of JXG of the penis have been reported in the literature, this is the first with imaging of the penile lesion. We discuss the clinical and radiological findings, differential diagnosis and management of these cases. High awareness of these lesions in the differential diagnosis of penile masses presenting in early childhood is important to avoid potentially unnecessary ablative genital surgery. Careful assessment should also be made for any systemic involvement and for associated pathologies. (orig.)

  1. Differential effects of adult court transfer on juvenile offender recidivism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loughran, Thomas A; Mulvey, Edward P; Schubert, Carol A; Chassin, Laurie A; Steinberg, Laurence; Piquero, Alex R; Fagan, Jeffrey; Cota-Robles, Sonia; Cauffman, Elizabeth; Losoya, Sandy

    2010-12-01

    Prior research indicates that adolescent offenders transferred to adult court are more likely to recidivate than those retained in the juvenile system. The studies supporting this conclusion, however, are limited in addressing the issue of heterogeneity among transferred adolescents. This study estimates the effect of transfer on later crime using a sample of 654 serious juvenile offenders, 29% of whom were transferred. We use propensity score matching to reduce potential selection bias, and we partition the sample on legal characteristics to examine subgroup effects. We find an overall null effect of transfer on re-arrest, but evidence of differential effects of transfer for adolescents with different offending histories. These results suggest that evaluating the effects of transfer for all transferred adolescents together may lead to misguided policy conclusions. PMID:20195895

  2. Psychological characteristics of juvenile offenders with constant integration problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Démuthová Slávka

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to identify the typical psychological, demographic, socio-economical, educational, health, and criminological characteristics of juvenile delinquents who tend to continue in their criminal career to adulthood and therefore obstruct the possibility of successful, non-offending integration to society. Subjects of research were young male prisoners jailed in the Juvenile imprisonment house that completed the test battery. By ex-post analysis after a period of five years, the differences between offenders and non-offenders were identified. Results show significant differences in the age of prisoners, length of imprisonment, presence of violent offence (esp. robbery in the criminal history, number of previous offences recorded, differences in factors i, h, and q1 from the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire, responses within the Hand test characteristic (affection, dependence, and communication, and in several signs of the drawings in a Draw-A-Person test. The importance and influence of listed factors is discussed.

  3. Las telenovelas juveniles mexicanas y las adolescentas obesas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania Meza

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación analiza la opresión por cuerpo (obesidad a la que las mujeres son sometidas dentro del sistema patriarcal durante la adolescencia, específicamente a través de la representación televisiva que de las jóvenes gordas se hace en la telenovela juvenil mexicana. Los enormes niveles de audiencia que poseen las telenovelas en nuestro país hace indispensable, para los estudios de género desde las ciencias dela comunicación, estudiar el papel de las mujeres en dichas teleseries. En este análisis se pretende mostrar la triple marginación a la que son sometidas las adolescentes obesas en las telenovelas juveniles mexicanas: por ser mujeres, por ser jóvenes y por ser gordas.

  4. Juvenile Fibromyalgia: Different from the Adult Chronic Pain Syndrome?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kashikar-Zuck, Susmita; King, Christopher; Ting, Tracy V; Arnold, Lesley M

    2016-04-01

    While a majority of research has focused on adult fibromyalgia (FM), recent evidence has provided insights into the presence and impact of FM in children and adolescents. Commonly referred as juvenile fibromyalgia (JFM), youths, particularly adolescent girls, present with persistent widespread pain and cardinal symptoms observed in adult FM. A majority of youth with JFM continue to experience symptoms into adulthood, which highlights the importance of early recognition and intervention. Some differences are observed between adult and juvenile-onset FM syndrome with regard to comorbidities (e.g., joint hypermobility is common in JFM). Psychological comorbidities are common but less severe in JFM. Compared to adult FM, approved pharmacological treatments for JFM are lacking, but non-pharmacologic approaches (e.g., cognitive-behavioral therapy and exercise) show promise. A number of conceptual issues still remain including (1) directly comparing similarities and differences in symptoms and (2) identifying shared and unique mechanisms underlying FM in adults and youths. PMID:26984803

  5. Radiotherapy of the juvenile xanthogranuloma of the iris

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A report is given on an eight months old child with a juvenile xanthogranuloma of the iris and a secondary glaucoma. After radiotherapy with 6 x 0,5 Gy under conventional deep therapy conditions, a soon regression of the increased intraocular pressure was observed. In case of a juvenile xanthogranuloma of the iris, this secondary glaucoma represents in any case an acute danger to the eye, so it must be treated immediately. Radiotherapy has to be considerd as the method of choice; it is also discussed with regard to the risk and the avoidance of a radiation cataract which, however, has to be tolerated in certain cases in order to prevent greater troubles. (orig.)

  6. The enclosure trap, a new tool for sampling juvenile crayfish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fjälling A.B.

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available When managing crayfish populations, it is important to have access to reliable data on population densities and growth of juveniles. Present sampling methods are mostly active and often labor intensive, do not always yield quantitative data, and may harm the crayfish. A new passive method is described which aims to avoid these disadvantages. It uses a 0.09 m2 trap which is set on the river or lake bottom, well in advance of expected hatching of crayfish eggs. The trap has a substrate which juveniles colonize and a net that fences them in and captures them when the trap is lifted. In field tests, the new trap provided data on mean density (29·m-2 and mean total length (22 mm of young-of-year signal crayfish which were comparable to data from suction sampling. The enclosure trap may provide data for recruitment studies and become a tool in crayfish research in general.

  7. Growth hormone producing prolactinoma in juvenile cystinosis: a simple coincidence?

    OpenAIRE

    Besouw, Martine T.P.; Levtchenko, Elena N.; Willemsen, Michèl A. A. P.; Noordam, Kees

    2007-01-01

    Juvenile cystinosis was diagnosed in a patient who presented with severe headache attacks and photophobia. Treatment with oral cysteamine and topical cysteamine eye drops was started. One-and-a-half years later, he developed unilateral gynecomastia and elevated prolactin and growth hormone levels. A pituitary macroprolactinoma was discovered and successfully treated with the dopamine agonist cabergoline. Increased serum growth hormone levels were attributed to enhanced growth hormone producti...

  8. Juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (Batten disease): current insights

    OpenAIRE

    Ostergaard, John

    2016-01-01

    John R Ostergaard Department of Paediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital, Centre for Rare Diseases, Aarhus, Denmark Abstract: The present review is focused on juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (JNCL; Batten disease) due to a mutation in CLN3. Functional vision impairment occurring around 5–6 years of age is the first symptom in more than 80% of patients. Approximately 2 years later (though sometimes simultaneously), obvious signs of cognitive impairment appear. Behavior problem...

  9. Development of a diet for rearing juvenile freshwater mussels

    OpenAIRE

    Gatenby, Catherine M.

    1994-01-01

    Over 100 species of freshwater mussels (Unionidae) are endangered or threatened in the United States, and another dozen species support a declining commercial harvest of shells for the cultured pearl industry in Asia. Because of these Significant declines in abundance, a study was undertaken to develop a diet for rearing juvenile mussels, with the goal of long-term propagation of rare species. Three trials were conducted to test various tri-algal and commercial diets and to ...

  10. Overview of the radiology of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Plain films remain the basic tool for diagnosis and follow-up evaluation of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). In this paper, we review the new classification of JIA: systemic arthritis, oligoarthritis (persistent), oligoarthritis (extended), polyarticular arthritis (rheumatoid factor negative), polyarticular arthritis (rheumatoid factor positive), enthesitis related arthritis, psoriatic arthritis and unclassified arthritis. We will also review regional abnormalities of three stages: an early stage, an intermediate stage, a late stage, as well as the differential diagnosis

  11. Ontogeny of aerial righting and wing flapping in juvenile birds

    OpenAIRE

    Evangelista, Dennis; Cam, Sharlene; Huynh, Tony; Krivitskiy, Igor; Dudley, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Mechanisms of aerial righting in juvenile Chukar Partridge (Alectoris chukar) were studied from hatching through 14 days post hatching (dph). Asymmetric movements of the wings were used from 1 to 8 dph to effect progressively more successful righting behaviour via body roll. Following 8 dph, wing motions transitioned to bilaterally symmetric flapping that yielded aerial righting via nose down pitch, along with substantial increases in vertical force production during descent. Ontogenetically,...

  12. Polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis – epidemiology and management approaches

    OpenAIRE

    Oberle EJ; Harris JG; Verbsky JW

    2014-01-01

    Edward J Oberle, Julia G Harris, James W VerbskyDepartment of Pediatrics, Division of Rheumatology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USAAbstract: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a group of disorders characterized by arthritis persisting for at least 6 weeks with onset before the age of 16 years. Within this cluster of conditions, the polyarticular form (involving more than four joints within the first 6 months) is further divided based on the presence of rheumatoid factor. ...

  13. Polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis – epidemiology and management approaches

    OpenAIRE

    Verbsky, James

    2014-01-01

    Edward J Oberle, Julia G Harris, James W VerbskyDepartment of Pediatrics, Division of Rheumatology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USAAbstract: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a group of disorders characterized by arthritis persisting for at least 6 weeks with onset before the age of 16 years. Within this cluster of conditions, the polyarticular form (involving more than four joints within the first 6 months) is further divided based on the presence of rheumatoid factor. ...

  14. Colleges Grapple with Applicants' Criminal Data, Including Juvenile Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterkin, Caitlin

    2012-01-01

    College is often a fresh start for students, but some have pasts that follow them. Take, for instance, "S.D.," an 18-year-old man from Pennsylvania who wanted to go to Temple University. When he was 17, he put an image on a file-sharing network that resulted in his being charged in juvenile court with one count of disseminating child pornography.…

  15. Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma: current treatment modalities and future considerations

    OpenAIRE

    Hodges, John M.; McDevitt, A. S.; El-Sayed Ali, A. I.; Sebelik, M. E.

    2010-01-01

    Juvenile angiofibroma (JNA) is a relatively uncommon, highly vascular and benign tumor that presents most commonly in adolescent males. Symptoms may persist from months to years and often times, these tumors are asymptomatic until they increase and encroach on critical structures. Because of technological advances both in surgery and radiology, management of JNA patients has been refined. With the advent of more sophisticated capabilities such as CT, MRI, intensity-modulated radiation therapy...

  16. Sex-specific modulation of juvenile social play by vasopressin

    OpenAIRE

    Veenema, Alexa H.; Bredewold, Remco; de Vries, Geert J.

    2013-01-01

    Social play activities among juveniles are thought to contribute to the development of social and emotional skills in humans and animals. Conversely, social play deficits are observed in developmental neuropsychiatric disorders. Importantly, many of these disorders show sex differences in incidence, course of the disease, and severity of symptoms. We hypothesized that sex differences in the neural systems controlling social behavior can contribute to these differences. We therefore studied th...

  17. Juvenile dysmenorrhea associated with hypomagnesemia and connective tissue dysplasia

    OpenAIRE

    Oltinoy Yakubova

    2012-01-01

    The paper discusses the relationship of juvenile dysmenorrhea with connective tissue dysplasia, which biochemical marker is hydroxyproline, and magnesium level in blood serum depending on hormonal profile during the second phase of the menstrual cycle. Study showed that in young woman with dysmenorrhea and phenomena of connective tissue dysplasia hydroxyproline level in urine was increased; it was associated with increased degradation of collagen, decreased level of magnesium and hormonal cha...

  18. The high frequency of juvenile Huntington's chorea in South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Hayden, M R; Macgregor, J M; Saffer, D S; Beighton, P H

    1982-01-01

    During a national investigation concerning all patients with Huntington's chorea in South Africa, 17 affected children, comprising 7·7% of the patients in the survey, were identified. Although the frequency of juvenile Huntington's chorea in the white community was equal to that reported from around the world, the frequency was much higher in the population of mixed ancestry. It is possible that this unique situation is related to the genetic constitution of this latter group.

  19. Biogenic amine metabolism in juvenile neurocardiogenic syncope with dysautonomia

    OpenAIRE

    Butler, Ian J.; Lankford, Jeremy E; Hashmi, Syed Shahrukh; Numan, Mohammed T

    2014-01-01

    Objective Biogenic amine brain levels and their cerebral metabolism are frequently studied by quantitation of biogenic amine metabolites in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) compared to age-matched controls. There is a paucity of studies in adolescents and young adults investigating the potential role of disordered cerebral biogenic amine metabolism in young patients who have dysautonomia based on abnormal head-up tilt table (HUTT). Methods In a cohort of juvenile patients with neurocardiogenic synco...

  20. Economic Conditions, Deterrence and Juvenile Crime: Evidence from Micro Data

    OpenAIRE

    H. Naci Mocan; Daniel I. Rees

    1999-01-01

    This is the first paper to test the economic model of crime for juveniles using micro data. It uses a nationally representative sample of 16,478 high school children surveyed in 1995. The sample includes not only detailed information on offenses, but also data on personal, family and neighborhood characteristics as well as deterrence measures. We analyze the determinants of selling drugs, committing assault, robbery, burglary and theft, separately for males and females. We find that an increa...

  1. Juvenile salmon investigations River Wenning catchment 1981-86

    OpenAIRE

    Ingersent, B.

    1987-01-01

    As part of the River Lune juvenile salmonid investigation, a number of sites on the River Wenning catchment were electrofished annually from 1981 - 1985. Particularly low Salmon parr populations were evident for much of the Wenning catchment which has caused some concern. All the Wenning catchment electrofishing results are reported in this paper and comparisons are made with designated groups of sites on the remainder of the Lune catchment. These groups of sites are: River Lune and t...

  2. Degree of muscle fatigue in children with chronic juvenile arthritis

    OpenAIRE

    Sekulić Aleksandra; Stevanović Srbislav; Milićević Saša; Gicić-Skenderi Suada

    2011-01-01

    The aim of our work was to identify gradient of the muscle fatigue of some muscle groups, among children with chronic juvenile arthritis, which are restricted in function by existing limitation in range of motions. Four patients in age of 9,5, with mentioned diagnosis were examined. Healthy subjects, with same ages were control group. Manuel muscle test, range of motion test and EMG examination were performed. Results shown significance difference in degree of muscle fatigue among observed pa...

  3. Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia and juvenile polyposis: an overlap of syndromes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poletto, Erica D.; Levin, Terry L. [Montefiore Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Bronx, NY (United States); Trinh, Angela M. [Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (United States); Loizides, Anthony M. [Children' s Hospital at Montefiore, Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Bronx, NY (United States)

    2010-07-15

    Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) (Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome) is a syndrome characterized by multiorgan telangiectases and arteriovenous malformations. A subset of patients with a mutation in the MADH4 gene on chromosome 18 exhibits an overlapping syndrome of HHT and juvenile polyposis (JPS). We present one such family. Genetic testing is warranted when either HHT or JPS is diagnosed, as early recognition of this syndrome overlap allows appropriate management of these patients. (orig.)

  4. Advances in the assessment and treatment of juvenile offenders

    OpenAIRE

    Robert Hoge

    2009-01-01

    "This paper provides an introduction to best practices in the assessment and treatment of juvenile offenders. Many of the guidelines presented in the paper derive from recent theory and research in criminology and psychology. Much of that research has been conducted in western societies, and it remains to be seen to what extent conclusions from that research can generalize beyond those settings. However, clinical experience suggests that many of the principles of best practice do have applica...

  5. Cyber Bullying: Challenges and Strategies Faced by Juvenile Police Officers

    OpenAIRE

    Ken Thaxter

    2010-01-01

    One of the challenges of teaching pre-teens about the internet is their varying degrees and levels of involvement. The juvenile police officer brings a solid understanding of the laws as well as a strong knowledge of safety issues to the classroom, making them an excellent educational resource. Officers can utilize an educational approach with parents and students in which they define what cyber bullying is and, importantly, demonstrate that definition by describing real c...

  6. Juvenile coral reef fish use sound to locate habitats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radford, C. A.; Stanley, J. A.; Simpson, S. D.; Jeffs, A. G.

    2011-06-01

    There is limited knowledge of the orientation cues used by reef fish in their movement among different habitats, especially those cues used during darkness. Although acoustic cues have been found to be important for settlement-stage fish as they seek settlement habitats, only a small number of studies support the possible role of acoustic cues in the orientation of post-settled and adult reef fish. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether habitat-specific acoustic cues were involved in the nocturnal movements of juvenile reef fish to small experimental patch reefs that were broadcasting sound previously recorded from different habitats (Fringing Reef, Lagoon, Silent). Juvenile fish arriving at each patch reef were caught the next morning by divers and were identified. There were a greater number of occasions when juvenile fish (from all species together) moved onto the patch reefs broadcasting Fringing Reef and Lagoon sound (43 and 38%, respectively) compared to Silent reefs (19%) (χ2 = 33.5; P fish from the family Nemipteridae were attracted to the patch reefs broadcasting Lagoon sound (63%) versus those reefs broadcasting either Fringing Reef sound (31%) or Silent (6%). In contrast, there were more occasions when juveniles from the family Pomacentridae were attracted to the patch reefs broadcasting Fringing Reef sound (56%) than either Lagoon (24%) or Silent patch reefs (20%) (χ2 = 19.5; P fish use specific habitat sounds to guide their nocturnal movements. Therefore, the fish are able to not only use the directional information contained in acoustic cues, but can also interpret the content of the acoustic signals for relevant habitat information which is then used in their decision-making for orientation.

  7. Explaining the Relationship between Employment and Juvenile Delinquency*

    OpenAIRE

    Staff, Jeremy; Osgood, D. Wayne; Schulenberg, John E.; Bachman, Jerald G.; Messersmith, Emily E.

    2010-01-01

    Most criminological theories predict an inverse relationship between employment and crime, but teenagers' involvement in paid work during the school year is positively correlated with delinquency and substance use. Whether the work-delinquency association is causal or spurious has long been debated. This study estimates the effect of paid work on juvenile delinquency using longitudinal data from the national Monitoring the Future project. We address issues of spuriousness by using a two-level...

  8. Mediators of Change for Multisystemic Therapy with Juvenile Sexual Offenders

    OpenAIRE

    Henggeler, Scott W.; Letourneau, Elizabeth J.; Chapman, Jason E.; Borduin, Charles M.; Schewe, Paul A.; McCart, Michael R.

    2009-01-01

    The mediators of favorable multisystemic therapy (MST) outcomes achieved at 12 months post recruitment were examined within the context of a randomized effectiveness trial with 127 juvenile sexual offenders and their families. Outcome measures assessed youth delinquency, substance use, externalizing symptoms, and deviant sexual interest/risk behaviors; and hypothesized mediators included measures of parenting and peer relations. Data were collected at pretreatment, 6 months post recruitment, ...

  9. Juvenile Mental Health Histories of Adults with Anxiety Disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Gregory, Alice M.; Caspi, Avshalom; Moffitt, Terrie E; Koenen, K.; Eley, Thalia C.; Poulton, Richie

    2007-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Information about the psychiatric histories of adults with anxiety disorders was examined to further inform nosology and etiological/ preventive efforts. METHOD: The authors used data from a prospective longitudinal study of a representative birth cohort (N=1,037) from ages 11 to 32 years, making psychiatric diagnoses according to DSM criteria. For adults with anxiety disorders at 32 years, follow-back analyses ascertained first diagnosis of anxiety and other juvenile dis...

  10. Will the Ban on Liquor Sales To Juveniles Be Effective?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Retailers are not allowed to sell alcohol to juveniles and signs advertising this must be clearly shown in supermarkets and liquor stores. This is according to Article 19 of the Regulations on Management of Alcohol Circulation, which was put into practice on January 1. The provision marks the second time in 2005 that the tightening up of liquor sales was written into the law. The first occasion was a provision in the Regulations on Retail Sales

  11. Ontogenetic Habitat Shift of Juvenile Bear Lake Sculpin (Cottus extensus)

    OpenAIRE

    Ruzycki, James R.

    1995-01-01

    Bear Lake sculpin (Cottus extensus) exhibited an ontogenetic habitat shift during their first year of life. Soon after hatching in the littoral zone, the fry swam to the surface where they dispersed throughout the lake. Most juveniles that initially settled in the profundal zone returned to the littoral zone during their first summer. Patterns in the daily growth increments of otoliths confirmed the history of habitat residence and the individual size at the habitat switch. We used this habit...

  12. Plasma TNF binding capacity in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnhart, Birgitte; Svenningsen, Pernille; Gudbrandsdottir, Sif;

    2005-01-01

    Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and TNF-beta, also called lymphotoxin (LT), are bound by soluble truncated TNF receptors (sTNFRI and II) that are released from cell surfaces and act as natural inhibitors of TNF-induced inflammation. We investigated the plasma levels of sTNFRI and II in paralle...... with LT binding capacity (LTBC) in 44 patients with juvenile chronic arthritis (JIA)....

  13. Juvenile fibromyalgia: current status of research and future developments

    OpenAIRE

    Kashikar-Zuck, Susmita; Ting, Tracy V.

    2013-01-01

    Juvenile-onset fibromyalgia (JFM) is a poorly understood chronic pain condition most commonly affecting adolescent girls. The condition is characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain and other associated symptoms, including fatigue, nonrestorative sleep, headaches, irritable bowel symptoms, dysautonomia and mood disorders such as anxiety and/or depression. In the past few years, there has been a greater focus on understanding JFM in adolescents. Research studies have provided insight int...

  14. Thermogenic mechanisms during the development of endothermy in juvenile birds

    OpenAIRE

    Marjoniemi, K. (Kyösti)

    2001-01-01

    Abstract The use of regulatory and obligatory heat production mechanisms were studied in juvenile birds during the development of endothermy. The development of shivering thermogenesis was studied in the pectoral and gastrocnemius muscles of the altricial domestic pigeon and in three precocial galliforms (Japanese quail, grey partridge and domestic fowl). The development of shivering was the determinant for the beginning of endothermy. Homeothermy also necessita...

  15. Spatial movements and social networks in juvenile male song sparrows

    OpenAIRE

    Templeton, Christopher N.; Reed, Veronica A.; Campbell, S. Elizabeth; Beecher, Michael D.

    2011-01-01

    The time between fledging and breeding is a critical period in songbird ontogeny, but the behavior of young songbirds in the wild is relatively unstudied. The types of social relationships juveniles form with other individuals can provide insight into the process through which they learn complex behaviors crucial for survival, territory establishment, and mate attraction. We used radio telemetry to observe social associations of young male song sparrows (Melospiza melodia) from May to Novembe...

  16. The enclosure trap, a new tool for sampling juvenile crayfish

    OpenAIRE

    Fjälling A.B.

    2011-01-01

    When managing crayfish populations, it is important to have access to reliable data on population densities and growth of juveniles. Present sampling methods are mostly active and often labor intensive, do not always yield quantitative data, and may harm the crayfish. A new passive method is described which aims to avoid these disadvantages. It uses a 0.09 m2 trap which is set on the river or lake bottom, well in advance of expe...

  17. Clinical remission in juvenile idiopathic arthritis after termination of etanercept

    OpenAIRE

    Postępski, Jacek; Kobusińska, Katarzyna; Olesińska, Edyta; Osińska, Violetta; Opoka-Winiarska, Violetta

    2012-01-01

    Biologicals are very effective for inhibiting disease progression in active juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). To date, there have been no recommendations on how and when to stop therapy with TNF inhibitors. Our objective was to analyze characteristics and the disease course of JIA patients who discontinued etanercept due to achievement of inactive disease. Data of 39 patients with JIA from two clinical pediatric rheumatology centers in Bydgoszcz and Lublin (Poland) were analyzed retrospect...

  18. Albatross Long-Distance Navigation: Comparing Adults And Juveniles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Åkesson, Susanne; Weimerskirch, Henri

    2005-09-01

    Albatrosses are known for their extreme navigation performance enabling them to locate isolated breeding islands after long-distance migrations across open seas. Little is known about the migration of young albatrosses and how they reach the adults' navigation and foraging skills during the period of immaturity lasting several years and spent permanently flying across the open ocean. We tracked by satellite telemetry the dispersal and migration of 13 juvenile wandering albatrosses from the Crozet Islands during their first year at sea. The young albatrosses covered an average distance of 184,000 km during the first year, restricting their dispersal movement to the unproductive and low wind subtropical Indian Ocean and Tasman Sea. The juveniles initiated the migration by an innate phase of rapid dispersal encoded as a fixed flight direction assisted by southerly winds towards north and northeast. Thereafter each individual restricted its movement to a particular zone of the ocean that will possibly be used until they start breeding 7 10 years later and return in contact with breeding adults. This dispersal in young birds corresponds well with movements observed for adult non-breeding wandering albatrosses. The results show clearly an inherited ability to navigate back to already visited areas in young wandering albatrosses. The juvenile dispersal behaviour and migration at sea suggest a genetically based migration program, encoding navigation to a destination area used throughout the life.

  19. Juvenile spondylolysis: a comparative analysis of CT, SPECT and MRI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campbell, R.S.D. [Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Liverpool (United Kingdom); Grainger, A.J. [Leeds General Infirmary, Department of Radiology, Leeds (United Kingdom); Hide, I.G. [Freeman Hospital, Department of Radiology, Newcastle upon Tyne (United Kingdom); Papastefanou, S. [James Cook University Hospital, Department Radiology, Middlesbrough (United Kingdom); Greenough, C.G. [James Cook University Hospital, Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Middlesbrough (United Kingdom)

    2005-02-01

    To evaluate whether MRI correlates with CT and SPECT imaging for the diagnosis of juvenile spondylolysis, and to determine whether MRI can be used as an exclusive image modality. Juveniles and young adults with a history of extension low back pain were evaluated by MRI, CT and SPECT imaging. All images were reviewed blindly. Correlative analyses included CT vs MRI for morphological grading and SPECT vs MRI for functional grading. Finally, an overall grading system compared MRI vs CT and SPECT combined. Statistical analysis was performed using the kappa statistic. Seventy-two patients (mean age 16 years) were recruited. Forty pars defects were identified in 22 patients (31%), of which 25 were chronic non-union, five acute complete defects and ten acute incomplete fractures. Kappa scores demonstrated a high level of agreement for all comparative analyses. MRI vs SPECT (kappa: 0.794), MRI vs CT (kappa: 0.829) and MRI vs CT/SPECT (kappa: 0.786). The main causes of discrepancy were between MRI and SPECT for the diagnosis of stress reaction in the absence of overt fracture, and distinguishing incomplete fractures from intact pars or complete defects. MRI can be used as an effective and reliable first-line image modality for diagnosis of juvenile spondylolysis. However, localised CT is recommended as a supplementary examination in selected cases as a baseline for assessment of healing and for evaluation of indeterminate cases. (orig.)

  20. Juvenile hormone regulation of longevity in the migratory monarch butterfly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herman, W S; Tatar, M

    2001-12-22

    Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) of eastern North America are well known for their long-range migration to overwintering roosts in south-central Mexico. An essential feature of this migration involves the exceptional longevity of the migrant adults; individuals persist from August/September to March while their summer counterparts are likely to live less than two months as adults. Migrant adults persist during a state of reproductive diapause in which both male and female reproductive development is arrested as a consequence of suppressed synthesis of juvenile hormone. Here, we describe survival in monarch butterflies as a function of the migrant syndrome. We show that migrant adults are longer lived than summer adults when each are maintained under standard laboratory conditions, that the longevity of migrant adults is curtailed by treatment with juvenile hormone and that the longevity of summer adults is increased by 100% when juvenile hormone synthesis is prevented by surgical removal of its source, the corpora allatum. Thus, monarch butterfly persistence through a long winter season is ensured in part by reduced ageing that is under endocrine regulation, as well as by the unique environmental properties of their winter roost sites. Phenotypic plasticity for ageing is an integral component of the monarch butterflies' migration-diapause syndrome. PMID:11749703