WorldWideScience

Sample records for asi

  1. asiático?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Pérez Bravo

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available A la luz de la situación demográfica en el Extremo Oriente, caracterizada por la convergencia de un país con amplias reservas laborales que vive un acelerado desarrollo económico (China, algunas sociedades prósperas que experimentan un estancamiento poblacional (Japón, Corea del Sur y Taiwán, y una región de perfil predominantemente joven que suma 550 millones de personas (el sudeste asiático, los autores analizan el dinamismo de los flujos de trabajadores migratorios en el interior de ASEAN y examinan el posible estrechamiento de los lazos de colaboración para llegar a un mercado de trabajo más armonizado que fortalezca la competitividad global del área

  2. ASi Tallink Grupp aktsiate esmane avalik pakkumine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    21. novembril algas AS-i Tallink Grupp aktsiate esmane pakkumine Tallinna börsil: jaeinvestoritel Eestis ja Soomes ning kutselistel investoritel Eestis, Soomes ja mujal on võimalus märkida kuni 34 090 909 firma lihtaktsiat. Vt.samas: Veel üks uus laev; Tallink Grupp asutas Lätis tütarettevõtte; ASi Tallink kommentaar ajalehes "Helsingin Sanomat" 13. novembril ilmunud artiklile; "Romantika" töötab jäähoki MMil flotellina; ASi Tallink Grupp 2004/2005. majandusaasta tulemustest; "Galaxy" ristimis- ja vettelaskmistseremoonia; 2. detsembril avalikustas AS Tallink Grupp oma aktsiate esmase avaliku pakkumise lõpliku pakkumishinna ning jaotamise tulemused

  3. 1H NMR in a-Si

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlos, W. E.; Taylor, P. C.

    1982-10-01

    Results of pulsed NMR studies of hydrogen in a-Si: H prepared at several laboratories by glow discharge of silane are presented. The origins of the two 1H NMR lines seen in almost all samples of a-Si: H are discussed. Solid-echo measurements are presented which indicate that these two components are due to spatially isolated groups of protons. We attribute the narrow line to protons slightly clustered in the bulk of the material and the broad line to protons distributed on internal surfaces. The spin-lattice relaxation time shows a minimum at T~30 K which is interpreted as due to relaxation via spin diffusion to a small number of H2 molecules acting as relaxation centers. Annealing results suggest that all the hydrogen molecules are trapped in very similar sites.

  4. Modeling of SSME fuel preburner ASI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Pak-Yan

    1992-07-01

    The Augmented Spark Ignitor (ASI) is a LOX/H2/electrical spark system that functions as an ignition source and sustainer for stable combustion. It is used in the Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME) preburner combustor, the SMME main combustion chamber, the J-1 and J-2 engines, as well as proposed designs of the Space Transportation Main Engine (STME) main combustor and gas generators. An undertaking to characterize the flow of the ASI is documented. The code consists of a marriage of the Implicit-Continuous Eulerian/Arbitrary Lagrangian Code (ICE-ALE) Navier-Stokes solver with the Volume-of-Fluid (VOF) Methodology for tracking of two immiscible fluids with sharp discontinuities. Spray droplets are represented by discrete numerical parcels tracked in a Lagrangian fashion. Numerous physical sub-models are also incorporated to describe the processes of atomization, droplet collision, droplet breakup, evaporation, and droplet and gas phase turbulence. An equilibrium chemistry model accounting for 8 active gaseous species is also used. Taking advantage of this symmetry plane, half of the actual ASI is modeled with a 3-D grid that geometrically resolves the LOX ports, the spark plug locations, and the hydrogen injection slots.

  5. Comment penser l’Asie du Milieu et l’Asie du Centre ?

    OpenAIRE

    Gorshenina, Svetlana

    2009-01-01

    Cette étude porte sur la reconstitution du processus relatif à la formation du concept russo-soviétique de l’Asie du milieu et de l’Asie du centre et à la querelle terminologique de l'époque post-soviétique, derrière lesquels se cachent l'explosion du système soviétique, le retour du concept de Mackinder relatif à “l'aire pivot” et les préoccupations géopolitiques des nouveaux États asiatiques indépendants au sud de la Russie.

  6. Aplicaciones del silicio amorfo (a-si)

    OpenAIRE

    Mariño, Álvaro

    2012-01-01

    Los semiconductores no cristalinos han ganado gran importancia tecnológica en los últimos años, gracias a sus propiedades físicas específicas y a métodos de producción relativamente sencillos. Estos métodos basados en la tecnología conocida y aplicada en la preparación de películas delgadas han permitido la producción de dispositivos electrónicos de gran superficie, a precios moderados. Luego de que Spear y Lecomber (1972) encontraron que era posible dopar el Silicio amorfo hidrogenado (a-Si:...

  7. Spectroscopic AC susceptibility imaging (sASI) of magnetic nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ficko, Bradley W., E-mail: Bradley.W.Ficko@Dartmouth.edu; Nadar, Priyanka M.; Diamond, Solomon G.

    2015-02-01

    This study demonstrates a method for alternating current (AC) susceptibility imaging (ASI) of magnetic nanoparticles (mNPs) using low cost instrumentation. The ASI method uses AC magnetic susceptibility measurements to create tomographic images using an array of drive coils, compensation coils and fluxgate magnetometers. Using a spectroscopic approach in conjunction with ASI, a series of tomographic images can be created for each frequency measurement set and is termed sASI. The advantage of sASI is that mNPs can be simultaneously characterized and imaged in a biological medium. System calibration was performed by fitting the in-phase and out-of-phase susceptibility measurements of an mNP sample with a hydrodynamic diameter of 100 nm to a Brownian relaxation model (R{sup 2}=0.96). Samples of mNPs with core diameters of 10 and 40 nm and a sample of 100 nm hydrodynamic diameter were prepared in 0.5 ml tubes. Three mNP samples were arranged in a randomized array and then scanned using sASI with six frequencies between 425 and 925 Hz. The sASI scans showed the location and quantity of the mNP samples (R{sup 2}=0.97). Biological compatibility of the sASI method was demonstrated by scanning mNPs that were injected into a pork sausage. The mNP response in the biological medium was found to correlate with a calibration sample (R{sup 2}=0.97, p<0.001). These results demonstrate the concept of ASI and advantages of sASI. - Highlights: • Development of an AC susceptibility imaging model. • Comparison of AC susceptibility imaging (ASI) and susceptibility magnitude imaging (SMI). • Demonstration of ASI and spectroscopic ASI (sASI) using three different magnetic nanoparticle types. • SASI scan separation of three different magnetic nanoparticles samples using 5 spectroscopic frequencies. • Demonstration of biological feasibility of sASI.

  8. Islam et politique en Asie centrale

    OpenAIRE

    ROY, Olivier

    2009-01-01

    L’Islam d’Asie centrale, durant la période soviétique, s’est structuré autour du clergé officiel et du clergé parallèle. Des mouvements plus radicaux et politisés sont apparus dès la fin des années 1970. Après les indépendances, les différents régimes ont repris et développé l’institution du clergé officiel, pour mieux contrôler la vague de réislamisation qui a submergé le Tadjikistan et l’Ouzbékistan dans les années 1990. L’islam politique s’est incarné au Tadjikistan dans le Parti de la Ren...

  9. Spectroscopic AC Susceptibility Imaging (sASI) of Magnetic Nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ficko, Bradley W.; Nadar, Priyanka M.; Diamond, Solomon G.

    2014-01-01

    This study demonstrates a method for alternating current (AC) susceptibility imaging (ASI) of magnetic nanoparticles (mNPs) using low cost instrumentation. The ASI method uses AC magnetic susceptibility measurement to create tomographic images using an array of drive coils, compensation coils and fluxgate magnetometers. Using a spectroscopic approach in conjunction with ASI, a series of tomographic images can be created for each frequency measurement and is termed sASI. The advantage of sASI is that mNPs can be simultaneously characterized and imaged in a biological medium. System calibration was performed by fitting the in-phase and out-of-phase susceptibility measurements of an mNP sample with a hydrodynamic diameter of 100 nm to a Brownian relaxation model (R2 = 0.96). Samples of mNPs with core diameters of 10 and 40 nm and a sample of 100 nm hydrodynamic diameter were prepared in 0.5 ml tubes. Three mNP samples were arranged in a randomized array and then scanned using sASI with six frequencies between 425 and 925 Hz. The sASI scans showed the location and quantity of the mNP samples (R2 = 0.97). Biological compatibility of the sASI method was demonstrated by scanning mNPs that were injected into a pork sausage. The mNP response in the biological medium was found to correlate with a calibration sample (R2 = 0.97, p <0.001). These results demonstrate the concept of ASI and advantages of sASI. PMID:25477704

  10. Économie politique de l’Asie (2)

    OpenAIRE

    Alary, Pierre; Bafoil, François; Coëdel, Denis; de Géry, Catherine; Dissaux, Tristan; Frigant, Vincent; Guerrien, Bernard; Gun, Ozgur; Heim, Stéphane; Krzywdzinski, Martin; Lafaye de Micheaux, Elsa; Lamarche, Thomas; Latham, William; Le Bas, Christian; Marie, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    Ce numéro de la Revue de la régulation poursuit l’important travail mené à propos des capitalismes asiatiques. Après une première partie (n° 13, printemps 2013) plutôt centrée sur l’Asie du Sud-Est, la seconde partie de ce dossier thématique est dominée par l’analyse de l’Asie orientale et accorde une attention particulière à la Chine. >> lire la suite This issue of the Régulation Review is devoted to further contributions to the major current research project exploring capitalism in Asia. W...

  11. ANALISIS FAKTOR INTERNAL DAN EKSTERNAL PROGRAM PENINGKATAN PEMBERIAN ASI EKSLUSIF PUSKESMAS PARIAMAN KOTA PARIAMAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Fajri Utami

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ASI eksklusif, salah satu program prioritas karena dampaknya yang luas terhadap kesehatan bayi. Puskesmas Pariaman merupakan yang paling rendah cakupan ASI eksklusifnya yaitu 53,3 %. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor internal dan ekstemal program peningkatan pemberian ASI eksklusif. Penelitian kualitatif ini dilaksanakan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Pariaman Kota Pariaman dengan informan kepala Puskesmas, koordinator program gizi, bidan desa, kader Posyandu, dan ibu bayi. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan cara indepth interview, FGD dan dokumentasi. Analisis data dilakukan secara content analisis. Hasil penelitian mendapatkan aspek internal dari segi input, tenaga pelaksana adalah tenaga gizi dan sudah mendapatkan pelatihanASI eksklusif, belum ada dana khusus, metode yang digunakan yaitu penyuluhan dengan memanfaatkan sarana Posyandu dan kelas ibu. Dari segi process, belum ada perencanaan dan pengorganisasian khusus, telah dilakukan penggerakan dan pemantauan oleh tenaga kesehatan. Dari segi output, cakupan ASI eksklusif masih rendah. Aspek ekstemal belum ada kebijakanpemerintah daerah yang mendukungASI eksklusif ada kebiasaan masyarakat yang mempengaruhi ASI eksklusif, rendahnya pengetahuan ibu dan faktor pekerjaan ibu menyebabkan rendahnya ASI eksklusif. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa program ASI eksklusif masih lemah dan rendah secara internal dan ekstemal. Diharapkan tenaga gizi agar lebih meningkatkan sosialisasi ASI eksklusif.

  12. GenASiS: General Astrophysical Simulation System. I. Fundamentals

    CERN Document Server

    Cardall, Christian Y; Endeve, Eirik; Mezzacappa, Anthony

    2012-01-01

    GenASiS (General Astrophysical Simulation System) is a new code being developed initially and primarily, though by no means exclusively, for the simulation of core-collapse supernovae on the world's leading capability supercomputers. Using the features of Fortran 2003 that allow for object-oriented programming, its classes are grouped into three major divisions: (1) Basics, which contains some basic utilitarian functionality for large-scale simulations on distributed-memory supercomputers; (2) Mathematics, which includes generic mathematical constructs and solvers that are as agnostic as possible with regard to the specifics of any particular system; and (3) Physics, which sets up physical spaces associated with various theories of spacetime (including gravity), defines various forms of stress-energy, and combines these into `universes.' To provide a foundation for subsequent papers focusing on the implementation of various pieces of physics needed for the simulation of core-collapse supernovae and other astr...

  13. Géopolitique de la nouvelle Asie centrale

    OpenAIRE

    Djalili, Mohammad-Reza; Kellner, Thierry

    2014-01-01

    Avec l'effondrement de l'Union soviétique et l'accession à l'indépendance des cinq républiques situées dans la région, l'Asie centrale a réintégré la scène internationale en tant que catégorie spatiale autonome. Le retour de ce que Mackinder avait naguère baptisé « le pivot géographique de l'histoire » constitue sans doute un des événements majeurs de la vie internationale de la dernière décennie du vingtième siècle. Ce fait a entraîné une transformation géopolitique dont l'importance dépass...

  14. Synthesis and characterization of (18)F-labeled active site inhibited factor VII (ASIS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erlandsson, Maria; Nielsen, Carsten H; Jeppesen, Troels E; Kristensen, Jesper B; Petersen, Lars C; Madsen, Jacob; Kjaer, Andreas

    2015-05-15

    Activated factor VII blocked in the active site with Phe-Phe-Arg-chloromethyl ketone (active site inhibited factor VII (ASIS)) is a 50-kDa protein that binds with high affinity to its receptor, tissue factor (TF). TF is a transmembrane glycoprotein that plays an important role in, for example, thrombosis, metastasis, tumor growth, and tumor angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to develop an (18)F-labeled ASIS derivative to assess TF expression in tumors. Active site inhibited factor VII was labeled using N-succinimidyl-4-[(18)F]fluorobenzoate, and the [(18)F]ASIS was purified on a PD-10 desalting column. The radiochemical yield was 25 ± 6%, the radiochemical purity was >97%, and the pseudospecific radioactivity was 35 ± 9 GBq/µmol. The binding efficacy was evaluated in pull-down experiments, which monitored the binding of unlabeled ASIS and [(18)F]ASIS to TF and to a specific anti-factor VII antibody (F1A2-mAb). No significant difference in binding efficacy between [(18)F]ASIS and ASIS could be detected. Furthermore, [(18)F]ASIS was relatively stable in vitro and in vivo in mice. In conclusion, [(18)F]ASIS has for the first time been successfully synthesized as a possible positron emission tomography tracer to image TF expression levels. In vivo positron emission tomography studies to evaluate the full potential of [(18)F]ASIS are in progress. PMID:25820758

  15. Component Testing of the J-2X Augmented Spark Igniter (ASI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, Robin J.; Peters, Warren T.; Gaspar, Kenny C.; Hauger, Katherine; Kwapisz, Mike J.

    2013-01-01

    In support of the development of the J-2X engine, 201 low pressure, liquid oxygen / liquid hydrogen (LOX/LH2) J-2X Augmented Spark Igniter (ASI) subsystem ignition tests were conducted at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The main objective of these tests was to start the ASI within the anticipated J-2X engine start box, as well as outside of it, to check for ignition margin. The setup for the J-2X ASI component testing simulated, as much as possible, the tank-head start-up configuration of the ASI within the J-2X Engine. The ignition tests were divided into 124 vacuum start tests to simulate altitude start on a flight engine, and 77 sea-level start tests to simulate the first set of ground tests for the J-2X Engine at Stennis Space Center (SSC). Other ignition parameters that were varied included propellant tank pressures, oxidizer temperature entering the ASI oxidizer feedline, oxidizer valve timing, spark igniter condition (new versus damaged), and oxidizer and fuel feedline orifice sizes. Propellant blowdowns using venturis sized to simulate the ASI resistance allowed calculation of transient propellant mass flow rates as well as global mixture ratio for all ignition tests. Global mixture ratio within the ASI at the time of ignition varied from 0.2 to 1.2. Detailed electronics data obtained from an instrumented ignition lead allowed characterization of the breakdown voltage, sustaining voltage and energy contained in each spark as the ASI propellants ignited. Results indicated that ignition always occurred within the first five sparks when both propellants were present in the ASI chamber.

  16. Synthesis and characterization of 18F-labeled active site inhibited factor VII (ASIS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Erlandsson, Maria; Nielsen, Carsten Haagen; Jeppesen, Troels Elmer;

    2015-01-01

    Activated factor VII blocked in the active site with Phe-Phe-Arg-chloromethyl ketone (active site inhibited factor VII (ASIS)) is a 50-kDa protein that binds with high affinity to its receptor, tissue factor (TF). TF is a transmembrane glycoprotein that plays an important role in, for example......, thrombosis, metastasis, tumor growth, and tumor angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to develop an 18F-labeled ASIS derivative to assess TF expression in tumors. Active site inhibited factor VII was labeled using N-succinimidyl-4-[18F]fluorobenzoate, and the [18F]ASIS was purified on a PD-10 desalting...

  17. Lesson Learned from AGILE and LARES ASI Projects About MATED Data Collection and Post Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpentiero, Rita; Mrchetti, Ernesto; Natalucci, Silvia; Portelli, Claudio

    2012-07-01

    ASI has managed and collected data on project development of two scientific all-Italian missions: AGILE and LARES. Collection of the Model And Test Effectiveness Database (MATED) data, concerning Project, AIV (Assembly Integration and Verification) and NCR (Non Conformance Report) aspects has been performed by the Italian Space Agency (ASI), using available technical documentation of both AGILE e LARES projects. In this paper some consideration on the needs of 'real time' data collection is made, together with proposal of front end improvement of this tool. In addition a preliminary analysis of MATED effectiveness related to the above ASI projects will be presented in a bottom-up and post verification approach.

  18. Le patrimoine urbain en Asie centrale 

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillemette Pincent

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Le « patrimoine urbain » est une expression utilisée en Europe occidentale depuis le début du XXe siècle. Quelle signification prend-il en Asie centrale ? Nous verrons que le patrimoine urbain y est un concept étatique qui répond à des impératifs économiques, politiques et non historiques. Il regroupe principalement des monuments utiles au pouvoir politique et se soucie peu de l’authenticité historique chère à l’Occident.The “urban heritage” is an expression used in Western Europe since the beginning of XXth century. What meaning does it take in Central Asia? We shall see that the urban heritage is a state concept, which answers to economic, political and not historic imperatives. It includes mainly monuments useful for the political power and cares few about the historic authenticity advocated by the West.

  19. Compensator thickness verification using an a-Si EPID

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Electronic portal imaging devices (EPIDs) are being increasingly employed to make therapy verification and dose measurements in the clinic. In this work, we investigate the use of an amorphous silicon (a-Si) EPID to verify the accuracy of compensator fabrication and mounting. Compensator thickness estimates on a two-dimensional grid were calculated from the primary component of transmission obtained by subtracting a modeled scatter component from the total transmission measured with the EPID. The primary component was related to the thickness via an exponential relation that includes beam hardening. Implementation of the method involved determination of: (i) a calibration curve relating EPID pixel values to energy fluence for open and attenuated fields, which was found to be linear for open fields but to have a small quadratic component for attenuated beams; (ii) EPID scatter factors to account for field size effects, which exhibited a small dependence on compensator thickness and field size; (iii) the attenuation coefficient of the steel shot compensator material, which varied slightly with off-axis distance and field size, and (iv) an analytical model to predict scatter from the compensator, which was calculated to be <4% at the standard EPID imaging distance of 140 cm. Thickness distributions were then measured for several types of attenuators including flat, test, and clinical compensators. Although uncertainties associated with compensator manufacturing were non-negligible and made assessment of thickness measurement uncertainty difficult, we estimate the latter to be ∼0.5 mm for steel shot compensators of thickness <4 cm

  20. Structural properties of a-Si films and their effect on aluminum induced crystallization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we report the influence of the structural properties of amorphous silicon (a-Si) on its subsequent crystallization behavior via the aluminum induced crystallization (AIC) method. Two distinct a-Si deposition techniques, electron beam evaporation and plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD), are compared for their effect on the overall AIC kinetics as well as the properties of the final poly-crystalline (poly-Si) silicon film. Raman and FTIR spectroscopy results indicate that the PECVD grown a-Si films has higher intermediate-range order, which is enhanced for increased hydrogen dilution during deposition. With increasing intermediate-range order of the a-Si, the rate of AIC is diminished, leading larger poly-Si grain size

  1. The Association of Surgeons in Training Conference: #ASiT2015 Glasgow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gokani, V J; Beamish, A J; Sinclair, P; Robson, A; Harries, R L

    2015-11-01

    The Association of Surgeons in Training (ASiT) is a professional body and registered charity working to promote excellence in surgical training for the benefit of junior doctors and patients alike. ASiT is in-dependent of the National Health Service (NHS), Surgical Royal Colleges, and specialty associations and represents trainees in all ten surgical specialties. ASiT was delighted to welcome a number of distinguished guests and speakers to Glasgow for #ASiT2015. The theme of 'The Future of Surgery' delved into challenges surgical training faces, exciting developments into using technology to help patients, a glance at the past with the development of the Glasgow Coma Score and whether mortality truly is the future of measured outcomes. More than £3500 of prizes was awarded by the incoming President, Miss. Rhiannon Harries to the highest scoring papers presented selected from over 1000 abstracts submitted. PMID:26525269

  2. GenASiS: General Astrophysical Simulation System. II. Nonrelativistic Hydrodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Cardall, Christian Y; Endeve, Eirik; Mezzacappa, Anthony

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, the second in a series, we document the algorithms and solvers for compressible nonrelativistic hydrodynamics implemented in GenASiS (General Astrophysical Simulation System)---a new code being developed initially and primarily, though by no means exclusively, for the simulation of core-collapse supernovae. In the Mathematics division of GenASiS we introduce Solvers, which includes finite-volume updates for generic hyperbolic BalanceEquations and ordinary differential equation integration Steps. We also introduce the Physics division of GenASiS; this extends the Manifolds division of Mathematics into physical Spaces, defines StressEnergies, and combines these into Universes. We benchmark the hydrodynamics capabilities of GenASiS against many standard test problems; the results illustrate the basic competence of our implementation, demonstrate the manifest superiority of the HLLC over the HLL Riemann solver in a number of interesting cases, and provide preliminary indications of the code's abili...

  3. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PEMBERIAN AIR SUSU IBU (ASI) EKSLUSIF PADA BAYI

    OpenAIRE

    Paiman Soeparmanto; Setia Pranata

    2012-01-01

    Exclusive breast-feeding (ASI exclusive) should be given to babies aged until four or six months. But until now the performance was only aboud 50% mothers practiced exclusive the breast-feeding. The main purpose of this research was to team influencing factors to the "ASI exclusive". Identified factors were mothers' age, children age, mother's education level, mother's working or not, number of family members, number of children in family, average of mother income every month, average of fami...

  4. Comparative study of porous amorphous a-Si1-xCx films and a-Si1-xCx membranes on structural and luminescence properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Electrochemical etching of amorphous SiC in fluoride solution was studied. Anodic dissolution and passivation are observed for p-type electrodes under dark illumination. The dissolution of p-type a-Si1-xCx is found to be under mixed transport/kinetic control; the diffusion current is of first order in fluoride concentration. Porous etching was not observed in this case. The surface finish of 6H-SiC depends on the experimental conditions; both uniform and porous etching is observed. In this paper, we report the formation of porous p-type amorphous SiC (a-Si1-xCx) films, elaborated previously by DC magnetron sputtering and analyze the porous layers (PSC) using scanning electron microscopy, spectrophotometer and photoluminescence. The crystal structures and the preparation conditions of porous SiC are shown to have an effect on the structural and electrical properties of the material obtained. SEM observation indicates that the porous a-Si1-xCx layers have shown some specific feature; a semi-cylindrical structure of the porous network has been observed. - Research highlights: →Macroporous amorphous silicon carbide (PSC) by anodization. →Membrane of amorphous silicon carbide by KOH etching. → Membrane a-Si1-xCx and PSC for humidity sensors. The work is not still published.

  5. Sisearhitektid Väino Tamm ja Vello Asi. Näitusekataloog = Interior architects Väino Tamm and Vello Asi. Exhibition catalogue

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Näitusekataloogi "Tamm ja Asi" autor ja koostaja Karen Jagodin ning kujundaja Tiit Jürna pälvisid Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2007. a. publitsistika preemia. Enamik raamatus publitseeritud fotodest pärineb fotograaf Rein Vainküla kogust. K. Jagodinist ja T. Jürnast, nende fotod

  6. A study on the dynamic tie points ASI algorithm in the Arctic Ocean

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAO Guanghua; SU Jie

    2015-01-01

    Sea ice concentration is an important parameter for polar sea ice monitoring. Based on 89 GHz AMSR-E (Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for Earth Observing System) data, a gridded high-resolution passive microwave sea ice concentration product can be obtained using the ASI (the Arctic Radiation And Turbulence Interaction Study (ARTIST) Sea Ice) retrieval algorithm. Instead of using fixed-point values, we developed ASI algorithm based on daily changed tie points, called as the dynamic tie point ASI algorithm in this study. Here the tie points are expressed as the brightness temperature polarization difference of open water and 100% sea ice. In 2010, the yearly-averaged tie points of open water and sea ice in Arctic are estimated to be 50.8 K and 7.8 K, respectively. It is confirmed that the sea ice concentrations retrieved by the dynamic tie point ASI algorithm can increase (decrease) the sea ice concentrations in low-value (high-value) areas. This improved the sea ice concentrations by present retrieval algorithm from microwave data to some extent. Comparing with the products using fixed tie points, the sea ice concentrations retrieved from AMSR-E data by using the dynamic tie point ASI algorithm are closer to those obtained from MODIS (Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In 40 selected cloud-free sample regions, 95% of our results have smaller mean differences and 75% of our results have lower root mean square (RMS) differences compare with those by the fixed tie points.

  7. Magnetism of Mn doped in a-Si and a-Ge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Juexian

    2009-03-01

    With experimental studies and density function theory calculations, we report on the properties of Mn-doped amorphous Si and Ge which are designed to understand the fundamentals of cooperative phenomena in highly correlated electronic and magnetic systems. We observed a striking difference in Mn local moment when doped in a-Si and a-Ge matrices, in great contrast to the previous speculation that these two should behave very similar as the semiconductor host for transition metals. While we observed a large local moment of Mn in a-Ge, Mn moment is quenched in a-Si. The large difference of local magnetic moment of Mn in a-Si and a-Ge can be understood by the local atomic environment at the magnetic dopant sites, that is, the bond length and the coordination. Statistical DFT calculations shows that the magnetic dopant Mn with less coordination and large bond length hold large magnetic moment. Otherwise, the magnetic moment would be killed. In a-Ge, dopant Mn favours less coordination and large bond while more coordination and small bond length in a-Si, which result in the enhancement/quenchement of local magnetic moment Mn in a-Si/ a-Ge.

  8. Dukungan Keluarga dalam Pelaksanaan Pijat Oksitosin untuk Meningkatkan Produksi ASI pada Ibu Nifas di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Medan Johor

    OpenAIRE

    Saragih, Ice Septriani

    2015-01-01

    ASI (breast milk) is the best food given by a mother to her new-born baby and the most important one in the first months of a baby’s life which can give protection for infection. The decrease in ASI production in the first days can be caused by the lack of the stimulus of oxytocin and prolactin hormones which play their role in expediting ASI production. One of the techniques to stimulate ASI production is by performing oxytocin message. Its implementation cannot be done by ...

  9. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PEMBERIAN AIR SUSU IBU (ASI EKSLUSIF PADA BAYI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paiman Soeparmanto

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Exclusive breast-feeding (ASI exclusive should be given to babies aged until four or six months. But until now the performance was only aboud 50% mothers practiced exclusive the breast-feeding. The main purpose of this research was to team influencing factors to the "ASI exclusive". Identified factors were mothers' age, children age, mother's education level, mother's working or not, number of family members, number of children in family, average of mother income every month, average of family expences every month, attendant at the first, attendant at the last delivery and the diferencies village-urban life. The data source as Modul of National Economic Survey 2001. The total babies sample 0-4 age-month were 1533 and 0-11 age-month were 5313, respectively. The data obtained were analyzed by bivariate test to determine differences and relationship of ASI exclusive as dependent variable with each independent variable identified in this research. Multiple logistic regression analysis was done to determine influencing factors to ASI exclusive. Results of descriptive analysis showed ASI exclusive according to infant's age, 42.2%  were until 4 month-age, 41.2% were until 5 month-age and 36.7% were until 6 month-age babies. The differences and relationship of ASI exclusive proportions depend on mothers working or not, attendant at the last delivery, mother living in urban/rural and the average of family expences every month. Result of multivariate logistic regression analysis, showed two significant variables mothers living in urban/rural and mothers working or not. Whether the influences were weak may because not sufficient data analyzed in the multiple logistic regression only two significant variable identifed. The recommendation from this research results is to promote health education on exclusive breast-feeding among pregnant mothers.   Keywords: exclusive breast-feeding

  10. PRAKTIK PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF DAN KARAKTERISTIK DEMOGRAFI (STUDI KASUS DI PROPINSI JAWA BARAT, SUMATERA BARAT DAN NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tjetjep Syarif Hidayat

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Latar belakang: Menyusui secara eksklusif dapat menjaga kelangsungan hidup dan kesehatan bayi. WHO merekomendasikan pemberian ASI eksklusif selama 6 bulan. Namun kenyataan di lapangan, hanya sebagian kecil ibu yang memberikan ASI eksklusif selama 6 bulan. Tujuan: mempelajari faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan praktik pemberian ASI eksklusif sampai 6 bulan. Metode: Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif dengan menggunakan desain penelitian cross-sectional. Responden adalah ibu-ibu yang mempunyai anak yang berumur 6-12 bulan, Pemilihan responden dilakukan secara acak dan seluruhnya berjumlah 1884 responden. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada tahun 2006 di 3 Propinsi yakni Jawa Barat, Sumatera Barat dan Nusa Tenggara Timur. Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi; karakteristik sosioekonomi, sosiodemografi, pemberian Air Susu Ibu (ASI, pemberian cairan pralaktal selain ASI, tempat persalinan, pemberian kolostrum. dan penolong persalinan, Analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif dan analitik dengan membuat tabel-tabel distribusi frekuensi kemudian diuji menggunakan X2 (khi kuadrat. Hasil. Proporsi praktik pemberian ASI eksklusif di tiga propinsi masih rendah yaitu Jawa barat 19,2%, Sumatera Barat 10,4% dan Nusa Tenggara Timur 8,9%. Setelah dianalisis diperoleh beberapa faktor penentu yang berhubungan dengan praktik pemberian ASI eksklusif yaitu; ibu tinggal di wilayah kabupaten, ibu tidak bekerja, pemberian kolostrum dan penolong persalinan oleh bidan dan dukun terlatih. Sebagian besar diatas 80% responden tidak bekerja hanya sebagai ibu rumahtangga. Sebanyak (74,4% sampel di Jawa Barat dan 76,8% sampel di Sumatera Barat penolong persalinan oleh tenaga kesehatan. Sedangkan di Nusa Tenggara Timur lebih dari separoh 65,4% penolong persalinan oleh tenaga kesehatan bersama dukun terlatih. Faktor pemberian kolostrum di Sumatera Barat merupakan faktor penentu yang berhubungan dengan praktik pemberian ASI eksklusif. Kesimpulan. Faktor penentu yang hubungannya bermakna

  11. Poziv: Duhovnost i san. San o oružju Franje Asiškoga

    OpenAIRE

    Balajić, Siniša

    2009-01-01

    San o oružju Franje Asiškoga doima se važnim elemenatom u proučavanju, ne toliko poziva Franje Asiškoga, koliko poziva uopće. Budući da se analizom i interpretacijom snova bave antropologija, psihologija, filozofija, teologija, itd., koncept razumijevanja ovoga sna uokviruje različita znanstvena (antropologija, psihologija) i teorijska načela (filozofija, teologija-duhovnost). Svjesni smo da proučavanje nečijega života, a pogotovo proučavanje nečijih snova, nije nimalo la...

  12. Jalons pour une anthropologie de l’éthique entrepreneuriale en Asie du Sud-Est

    OpenAIRE

    Gallenga, Ghislaine; Soldani, Jérôme

    2013-01-01

    L’éthique entrepreneuriale est une notion largement mobilisée dans le milieu des affaires et des entreprises en Asie du Sud-Est où elle est présentée le plus souvent comme un ensemble de préceptes moraux, idéologiques ou religieux que les acteurs locaux rassemblent sous le vocable « valeurs asiatiques ». L’objet de cette introduction est de replacer ces valeurs dans le contexte de l’entreprise à partir de quelques travaux fondateurs de ce sujet en Asie du Sud-Est. Nous verrons que le plus sou...

  13. Stomach Contents of the Catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell, 1822) in the River Asi (Turkey)

    OpenAIRE

    YALÇIN, Şükran

    2001-01-01

    Natural food items of catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell, 1822) were investigated in the River Asi from September 1996 to October 1998. Analyses of stomach contents showed that the catfish feed basically on Arthropoda, mostly Diptera larvae, and on plant materials to a considerable extent. A successful filter feeding was observed, especially during the summer period.

  14. The Mars Pathfinder atmospheric structure investigation/meteorology (ASI/MET) experiment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schofield, J.T.; Barnes, J.R.; Crisp, D.;

    1997-01-01

    The Mars Pathfinder atmospheric structure investigation/meteorology (ASI/MET) experiment measured the vertical density, pressure, and temperature structure of the martian atmosphere from the surface to 160 km, and monitored surface meteorology and climate for 83 sols (1 sol = 1 martian day = 24.7...

  15. Festival "Meretagune asi" kutsub osa saama vendade Tuulikute loomingust / Ivika Laanet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laanet, Ivika

    2009-01-01

    Kuressaares toimub Saaremaa Rahvateatri ja Kuressaare Linnateatri poolt korraldatud harrastusteatrite festival "Meretagune asi", mis on pühendatud vendadele Ülo ja Jüri Tuulikule. Festivali raames toimub kuuldemängunädal, teatri- ja kirjanduskonverents ning Jüri Tuuliku näitemängude päev

  16. PENGETAHUAN GIZI, KELUHAN KESEHATAN, KONDISI PSIKOLOGIS, DAN POLA PEMBERIAN ASI IBU POSTPARTUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armina Puji Utari

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThis study was aimed to assess nutritional knowledge, health complaints, psychological conditions, and their association with breastfeeding pattern on postpartum mother. A cross sectional study with interview method was conducted in five villages in Dramaga Subdistrict, Bogor District, during the period of April to May 2013. Subjects included in this study were 30 postpartum mothers who met inclusion criteria. Subjects were mothers of 10—40 days old newborn baby and it was not the first childbirth, willing to be subject through informed consent agreement, and was able to communicate. The majority of postpartum mothers had fair nutritional knowledge (60.0%, low health complaints (66.7%, and depression (56.7%. The nutritional knowledge of exclusive breastfeeding tended to correlate with exclusive breastfeeding practice (r=0.126; p=0.508. Meanwhile, lower health complaints tended to correlate with better breastfeeding practices (r=0.063; p=0.74.Keywords: breastfeeding, health complaints, nutritional knowledge, postpartum mother, psychologicalconditionsABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengetahuan gizi, status kesehatan, kondisi psikologis serta kaitannya dengan pola pemberian ASI ibu postpartum. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional study dengan metode wawancara yang dilakukan di lima desa di Kecamatan Dramaga, Kabupaten Bogor, pada bulan April hingga Mei 2013. Subjek penelitian adalah 30 ibu postpartum dengan kriteria inklusi, ibu dari bayi berusia 10—40 hari dan bukan persalinan pertama, bersedia menjadi subjek penelitian, dan dapat berkomunikasi dengan baik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar ibu postpartum memiliki tingkat pengetahuan gizi cukup (60%, keluhan kesehatan rendah (66.7% serta mengalami depresi (56.7%. Pengetahuan gizi tentang definisi ASI yang semakin baik pada ibu postpartum cenderung berkorelasi dengan pemberian ASI eksklusif yang baik (r=0.126; p=0.508. Sebaliknya, semakin

  17. Solution structure and stability of the anti-sigma factor AsiA: Implications for novel functions

    OpenAIRE

    Urbauer, Jeffrey L; Simeonov, Mario F.; Urbauer, Ramona J. Bieber; Adelman, Karen; Gilmore, Joshua M.; Brody, Edward N.

    2002-01-01

    Anti-sigma factors regulate prokaryotic gene expression through interactions with specific sigma factors. The bacteriophage T4 anti-sigma factor AsiA is a molecular switch that both inhibits transcription from bacterial promoters and phage early promoters and promotes transcription at phage middle promoters through its interaction with the primary sigma factor of Escherichia coli, σ70. AsiA is an all-helical, symmetric dimer in solution. The solution structure of the AsiA dimer reveals a nove...

  18. Analytic solutions for links and triangles distributions in finite Barab\\'asi-Albert networks

    CERN Document Server

    Ferreira, Ricardo M; Brunnet, Leonardo G

    2016-01-01

    Barab\\'asi-Albert model describes many different natural networks, often yielding sensible explanations to the subjacent dynamics. However, finite size effects may prevent from discerning among different underlying physical mechanisms and from determining whether a particular finite system is driven by Barab\\'asi-Albert dynamics. Here we propose master equations for the evolution of the degrees, links and triangles distributions, solve them both analytically and by numerical iteration, and compare with numerical simulations. The analytic solutions for all these distributions predict the network evolution for systems as small as 100 nodes. The analytic method we developed is applicable for other classes of networks, representing a powerful tool to investigate the evolution of natural networks.

  19. Dispersive transport in hydrogenated a-Si prepared by rf sputtering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Time-of-flight measurement of photo-excited carriers has been carried out in hydrogenated a-Si deposited by rf sputtering method. Both electrons and holes show highly dispersive transport. The electron drift mobility near room temperature ranges from 5 x 10-3 to 4 x 10-5 cm2/V.s, much lower than that of GD samples, and the activation energy is about 0.3 eV. The value of the hole mobility is comparable with that in GD specimens, but its activation energy is about 0.2 eV which is about half of that observed in GD a-Si. (author)

  20. Ultra fast melting process in femtosecond laser crystallization of thin a-Si layer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we investigated the mechanism of crystallization induced by femtosecond laser irradiation for an amorphous Si (a-Si) thin layer on a crystalline Si (c-Si) substrate. The fundamental, SHG, THG wavelength of a Ti:Sapphire laser was used for the crystallization process. To investigate the processed areas we performed Laser Scanning Microscopy (LSM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Imaging Pump-Probe measurements. Except for 267 nm femtosecond laser irradiation, the crystallization occurred well. The threshold fluences for the crystallization using 800 nm and 400 nm femtosecond laser irradiations were 100 mJ/cm2 and 30 mJ/cm2, respectively. TEM observation revealed that the crystallization occurred by epitaxial growth from the boundary surface between the a-Si layer and c-Si substrate. The melting depths estimated by Imaging Pump-Probe measurements became shallower when the shorter wavelength was used.

  1. Chapitre 8. La diplomatie économique de la Chine en Asie du Sud-Est

    OpenAIRE

    Tran Dai, Candice

    2016-01-01

    Longtemps marquée par l’influence chinoise, l’Asie du Sud-est s’est émancipée progressivement à partir du milieu du XIXe de son gigantesque voisin. Le décollage économique entamé à la fin des années 1970, fait de la Chine un nouvel acteur majeur de cette région du monde. Cette communication analyse les relations de la Chine avec l’Asie du Sud-est dans le contexte de la crise économique mondiale.Pékin a développé une stratégie de rapprochement avec ces États, fondée sur les échanges commerciau...

  2. Evolution of ethnocentrism on undirected and directed Barab\\'asi-Albert networks

    OpenAIRE

    Lima, F. W. S.; Hadzibeganovic, Tarik; Stauffer, Dietrich

    2009-01-01

    Using Monte Carlo simulations, we study the evolution of contigent cooperation and ethnocentrism in the one-move game. Interactions and reproduction among computational agents are simulated on {\\it undirected} and {\\it directed} Barab\\'asi-Albert (BA) networks. We first replicate the Hammond-Axelrod model of in-group favoritism on a square lattice and then generalize this model on {\\it undirected} and {\\it directed} BA networks for both asexual and sexual reproduction cases. Our simulations d...

  3. Perilaku Ibu Postpartum Dalam Proses Pemberian ASI Pada Masyarakat Melayu di Kecamatan Medan Belawan

    OpenAIRE

    Batu Bara, Maya Indriyani

    2011-01-01

    Postpartum maternal behavior in process breastfeeding is a behavior in which mothers give their babies breast ASI in accordance with the needs of infants who can be seen from the level of maternal knowledge, attitude and skills of mothers in breastfeeding. But the role of culture in the community that there is affecting the process of formation as well as behavior in the process of breastfeeding. This study aims to identify postpartum maternal behavior in the process of breastfeeding on the M...

  4. DOPING EFFECTS IN TRANSPORT PROPERTIES IN a-Si p-n JUNCTIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Yan, Wu; Marfaing, Y.; Dixmier, J.

    1981-01-01

    The electric transport mechanisms in a-Si : H junctions have been studied as a function of impurity doping level. At low doping current is limited by generation-recombination in the depletion layer. At high doping (10-3 Ω-1 x cm-1 on the junction sides) tunnel current are observed with an effective tunneling gap of 0.8 eV. The differential conductance around the origine is 3.10-1Ω-1cm-2.

  5. Faktorer relaterade till genomförande av uppföljningsintervjuer med ASI – klientprofil och organisation

    OpenAIRE

    Eriksson, Jakob; Mara, Adelin

    2014-01-01

    Addiction Severity Index (ASI) är tänkt att användas både för klientarbete på individnivå och för forskning på gruppnivå. Denna studie undersöker i vilken omfattning ASI-Uppföljning genomförs samt vilka individ- och organisationsfaktorer som påverkar användningen. Studien är kvantitativ dvs presenterar statistiska analyser. Data samlades in på två sätt. Tillgång till ASI-data gjordes möjlig genom en avidentifierad fil från databasen ASI-Net och omfattade data från elva kommuner i Jönköpings l...

  6. Charactrization of a Li-ion battery based stand-alone a-Si photovoltaic system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hamid Vishkasougheh, Mehdi, E-mail: mehdi.hamid2@gmail.com [Istanbul Sehir University, Kubakisi Caddesi, No: 27, Altunizade, Uskudar, Istanbul 34662 (Turkey); Tunaboylu, Bahadir [Istanbul Sehir University, Kubakisi Caddesi, No: 27, Altunizade, Uskudar, Istanbul 34662 (Turkey); Marmara Research Center, Materials Institute, PO Box 21, Gebze, Kocaeli 41470 (Turkey)

    2014-11-01

    Highlights: • An Li-ion battery based stand-alone a-Si PV was designed. The system composed of three a-Si panels with an efficiency of 7% and 40 cells of LFP batteries. • Effects of solar radiation and environmental temperature for three cities, Istanbul, Ankara, and Adana, have been investigated on a-Si panels. • Using transition formulas BSPV outputs are predictable for any location out of standard test condition. - Abstract: The number of photovoltaic (PV) system installations is increasing rapidly. As more people learn about this versatile and often cost-effective power option, this trend will accelerate. This document presents a recommended design for a battery based stand-alone photovoltaic system (BSPV). BSPV system has the ability to be applied in different areas, including warning signals, lighting, refrigeration, communication, residential water pumping, remote sensing, and cathodic protection. The presented calculation method gives a proper idea for a system sizing technique. Based on application load, different scenarios are possible for designing a BSPV system. In this study, a battery based stand-alone system was designed. The electricity generation part is three a-Si panels, which are connected in parallel, and for the storage part LFP (lithium iron phosphate) battery was used. The high power LFP battery packs are 40 cells each 8S5P (configured 8 series 5 parallel). Each individual pack weighs 0.5 kg and is 25.6 V. In order to evaluate the efficiency of a-Si panels with respect to the temperature and the solar irradiation, cities of Istanbul, Ankara and Adana in Turkey were selected. Temperature and solar irradiation were gathered from reliable sources and by using translation equations, current and voltage output of panels were calculated. As a result of these calculations, current and energy outputs were computed by considering an average efficient solar irradiation time value per day in Turkey. The calculated power values were inserted to a

  7. Charactrization of a Li-ion battery based stand-alone a-Si photovoltaic system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • An Li-ion battery based stand-alone a-Si PV was designed. The system composed of three a-Si panels with an efficiency of 7% and 40 cells of LFP batteries. • Effects of solar radiation and environmental temperature for three cities, Istanbul, Ankara, and Adana, have been investigated on a-Si panels. • Using transition formulas BSPV outputs are predictable for any location out of standard test condition. - Abstract: The number of photovoltaic (PV) system installations is increasing rapidly. As more people learn about this versatile and often cost-effective power option, this trend will accelerate. This document presents a recommended design for a battery based stand-alone photovoltaic system (BSPV). BSPV system has the ability to be applied in different areas, including warning signals, lighting, refrigeration, communication, residential water pumping, remote sensing, and cathodic protection. The presented calculation method gives a proper idea for a system sizing technique. Based on application load, different scenarios are possible for designing a BSPV system. In this study, a battery based stand-alone system was designed. The electricity generation part is three a-Si panels, which are connected in parallel, and for the storage part LFP (lithium iron phosphate) battery was used. The high power LFP battery packs are 40 cells each 8S5P (configured 8 series 5 parallel). Each individual pack weighs 0.5 kg and is 25.6 V. In order to evaluate the efficiency of a-Si panels with respect to the temperature and the solar irradiation, cities of Istanbul, Ankara and Adana in Turkey were selected. Temperature and solar irradiation were gathered from reliable sources and by using translation equations, current and voltage output of panels were calculated. As a result of these calculations, current and energy outputs were computed by considering an average efficient solar irradiation time value per day in Turkey. The calculated power values were inserted to a

  8. O novo regionalismo econômico asiático New asian economic regionalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvio Miyazaki

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Os acordos preferenciais de comércio têm crescido no Pacífico Asiático desde 1998, após a crise financeira que atingiu aquela região. Esse crescimento do número de áreas de comércio é chamado de Novo Regionalismo Asiático. Este artigo apresenta essa nova onda de integração econômica na região, focalizando o comércio, cujas características são: a participação em negociações comerciais de países que antes não eram membros de áreas preferenciais de comércio; os países serem membros de mais de um acordo de comércio regional; muitos dos acordos em negociação cruzarem regiões do mundo e muitos dos novos acordos serem bilaterais. São apresentados os conceitos e a classificação das diferentes formas de integração econômica, os benefícios e as limitações que os acordos preferenciais de comércio trazem às economias; em seguida, são analisadas as áreas de integração econômica existentes e as que estão em processo de negociação na região do Pacífico Asiático. São examinadas, também, as principais causas do Novo Regionalismo Asiático: além da crise asiática, a perda da credibilidade de organismos regionais e do sistema multilateral de comércio, a ampliação das áreas preferenciais de comércio em outras regiões do mundo e a competição de natureza econômica e política entre os países da região. Conclui-se que, se efetivamente houver a integração entre as economias, haverá um novo ciclo de crescimento da economia asiática, em particular do Leste e do Sudeste Asiáticos, prosseguindo com o modelo de crescimento liderado pelas exportações.Preferential trade agreements have been grown in Asia Pacific since 1998, hence after this region faced financial crisis. The growing of those trade areas is called New Asian Economic Regionalism. This paper shows this new wage of regional economic integration, focusing the trade, whose main features are: include countries that were not previously member

  9. Posición de los araucanos en un contexto asiático-europeo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis, María Antonia

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Según el modelo clásico de poblamiento americano, los amerindios poseen un ancestro básico de tipo mongoloide, con diferenciaciones secundarias originadas por procesos microevolutivos locales. Toda comparación basada en distancias o en componentes funcionales, debería sostener entonces, la hipótesis: "las distribuciones amerindias se aproximan en mayor grado a las de las poblaciones asiáticas y en menor grado a las de las poblaciones europeas". Por componer los araucanos una población típicamente amerindia, debe esperarse que presenten mayor similitud morfológica con grupos asiáticos mongolizados y secundariamente, afinidades con grupos de extracción no mongoloide, dadas estas últimas por procesos evolutivos de adaptación convergente o mestizaje. El objeto del presente trabajo es corroborar el rechazo de dicha hipótesis (Pucciarelli et al.,1999, a través de un conjunto de nuevas comparaciones. Se procedió a medir 17 cráneos araucanos masculinos mediante 46 variables de las propuestas por Howells (1973 y compararlos con muestras de europeos (norse, zalavar, berg, asiáticos (chinos, japoneses, ainu, buriat, coreanos, filipinos y esquimales, cuyos datos fueron extraídos de los archivos proporcionados por Howells (1996. La estadística realizada consistió en análisis canónico, análisis discriminante, y "clusters" jerárquicos, mediante el programa Systat 7.0. Se halló que: (ala elipse de distribución de los araucanos fue casi equidistante respecto de norse y sudjaponeses, siendo la distancia entre éstos menor que la de cada uno de ellos respecto de araucanos; (ben el primer "cluster" con europeos, filipinos, sudjaponeses y ainu, los araucanos se separaron en un "subcluster" aislado y a la mayor distancia, le siguieron los ainu en un segundo "subcluster", mientras que los filipinos ocuparon un tercero, junto con europeos y japoneses; (cen el segundo "cluster", los araucanos se agruparon en forma intermedia entre chinos

  10. A global calibration model for a-Si EPIDs used for transit dosimetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nijsten, S M J J G; van Elmpt, W J C; Jacobs, M; Mijnheer, B J; Dekker, A L A J; Lambin, P; Minken, A W H

    2007-10-01

    Electronic portal imaging devices (EPIDs) are not only applied for patient setup verification and detection of organ motion but are also increasingly used for dosimetric verification. The aim of our work is to obtain accurate dose distributions from a commercially available amorphous silicon (a-Si) EPID for transit dosimetry applications. For that purpose, a global calibration model was developed, which includes a correction procedure for ghosting effects, field size dependence and energy dependence of the a-Si EPID response. In addition, the long-term stability and additional buildup material for this type of EPID were determined. Differences in EPID response due to photon energy spectrum changes have been measured for different absorber thicknesses and field sizes, yielding off-axis spectrum correction factors based on transmission measurements. Dose measurements performed with an ionization chamber in a water tank were used as reference data, and the accuracy of the dosimetric calibration model was determined for a large range of treatment conditions. Gamma values using 3% as dose-difference criterion and 3 mm as distance-to-agreement criterion were used for evaluation. The field size dependence of the response could be corrected by a single kernel, fulfilling the gamma evaluation criteria in case of virtual wedges and intensity modulated radiation therapy fields. Differences in energy spectrum response amounted up to 30%-40%, but could be reduced to less than 3% using our correction model. For different treatment fields and (in)homogeneous phantoms, transit dose distributions satisfied in almost all situations the gamma criteria. We have shown that a-Si EPIDs can be accurately calibrated for transit dosimetry purposes. PMID:17985633

  11. A global calibration model for a-Si EPIDs used for transit dosimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Electronic portal imaging devices (EPIDs) are not only applied for patient setup verification and detection of organ motion but are also increasingly used for dosimetric verification. The aim of our work is to obtain accurate dose distributions from a commercially available amorphous silicon (a-Si) EPID for transit dosimetry applications. For that purpose, a global calibration model was developed, which includes a correction procedure for ghosting effects, field size dependence and energy dependence of the a-Si EPID response. In addition, the long-term stability and additional buildup material for this type of EPID were determined. Differences in EPID response due to photon energy spectrum changes have been measured for different absorber thicknesses and field sizes, yielding off-axis spectrum correction factors based on transmission measurements. Dose measurements performed with an ionization chamber in a water tank were used as reference data, and the accuracy of the dosimetric calibration model was determined for a large range of treatment conditions. Gamma values using 3% as dose-difference criterion and 3 mm as distance-to-agreement criterion were used for evaluation. The field size dependence of the response could be corrected by a single kernel, fulfilling the gamma evaluation criteria in case of virtual wedges and intensity modulated radiation therapy fields. Differences in energy spectrum response amounted up to 30%-40%, but could be reduced to less than 3% using our correction model. For different treatment fields and (in)homogeneous phantoms, transit dose distributions satisfied in almost all situations the gamma criteria. We have shown that a-Si EPIDs can be accurately calibrated for transit dosimetry purposes

  12. De la réappropriation de la psychologie en Asie du Sud-Est

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didier Bertrand

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available De la ou des psychologies Dans nombre de pays d’Asie du Sud-Est, la psychologie a été récemment introduite dans l’enseignement universitaire, les recherches sont rares et la pratique de la psychologie dans ses diverses applications encore balbutiante, voire inexistante. Lexique et concepts de la psychologie sont totalement importés dans les langues asiatiques, ils supposent un long et délicat travail de traduction qui ne s’opère que dans un sens seulement comme importation de nouveaux champs ...

  13. Dîmes de Sicile, d’Asie et d’ailleurs

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolet, Claude

    2015-01-01

    Une part considérable de la fiscalité provinciale romaine, sous la République comme sous le Haut-Empire, consistait en impôts fonciers directs sur les produits du sol : céréales, productions “mineures”, produits des cultures arbustives. On étudie ici, à partir de deux cas bien documentés, la Sicile et l’Asie, quelles conséquences pouvaient avoir sur l’utilisation des impôts et en particulier sur le ravitaillement de Rome ou des grandes villes provinciales, les différents modes de perception, ...

  14. Comparison between ASI, CNES and JAXA CCD analysis software for optical space debris monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paolillo, Fabrizio; Laas-Bourez, Myrtille; Yanagisawa, Toshifumi; Cappelletti, Chantal; Graziani, Filippo; Vidal, Bruno

    Since nineties Italian Space Agency (ASI), Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales CNES and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) play an important role in Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee (IADC) activities. Respectively the Group of Astrodynamics of Uni-versity Sapienza of Rome (GAUSS), TAROT team (Télescope a Action Rapide pour les Objets Transitoires) and Institute of Aerospace Technology (IAT), participate in optical space debris monitoring activities (WG1 at IADC ) with the following facilities: 1. SpaDE observatory of ASI/GAUSS in Collepardo (Fr.), country-regionplaceItaly. 2. TAROT observatories of CNES: one in Chili (ESO LA Silla) and one in placecountry-regionFrance (Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, at Calern). 3. Nyukasayama Observatory of IAT/JAXA, country-regionplaceJapan. Due to the large amount of data collected during the IADC coordinated observation campaigns and the autonomous campaigns, these research groups developed three different software for image processing automation and for the correlation of the detected objects with the catalogue. Using these software the three different observatories are improving the knowledge of the space debris population, in particular in the so-called geostationary belt (AI23.4 IADC International 2007 optical observation campaigns in higher Earth orbits and AI23.2 Investigation of high A/m ratio debris in higher Earth orbits), but they use different space debris monitoring techniques. With the aim to improve CCD analysis capabilities of each research group, during the 27th IADC meeting ASI, CNES and JAXA started a cooperation in this field on the comparison between the image processing software. The objectives of this activity are: 1. Test of ASI, CNES and JAXA CCD analysis software on real images taken in the 3 dif-ferent observation strategies (each observatory uses a particular objects extraction pro-cedure). 2. Results comparison: number of bad detection, number of good detection, processing

  15. Development of high, stable-efficiency triple-junction a-Si alloy solar cells. Final technical report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deng, X.; Jones, S.J.; Liu, T.; Izu, M. [Energy Conversion Devices, Inc., Troy, MI (United States)

    1998-04-01

    This report summarizes Energy Conversion Devices, Inc.`s (ECD) research under this program. ECD researchers explored the deposition of a-Si at high rates using very-high-frequency plasma MHz, and compared these VHF i-layers with radio-frequency (RF) plasma-deposited i-layers. ECD conducted comprehensive research to develop a {mu}c-Si p{sup +} layer using VHF deposition process with the objectives of establishing a wider process window for the deposition of high-quality p{sup +} materials and further enhancing their performance of a-Si solar cells by improving its p-layers. ECD optimized the deposition of the intrinsic a-Si layer and the boron-doped {mu}c-Si p{sup +} layer to improve the V{sub oc}. Researchers deposited wide-bandgap a-Si films using high hydrogen dilution; investigated the deposition of the ZnO layer (for use in back-reflector) using a sputter deposition process involving metal Zn targets; and obtained a baseline fabrication for single-junction a-Si n-i-p devices with 10.6% initial efficiency and a baseline fabrication for triple-junction a-Si devices with 11.2% initial efficiency. ECD researchers also optimized the deposition parameters for a-SiGe with high Ge content; designed a novel structure for the p-n tunnel junction (recombination layer) in a multiple-junction solar cell; and demonstrated, in n-i-p solar cells, the improved stability of a-Si:H:F materials when deposited using a new fluorine precursor. Researchers investigated the use of c-Si(n{sup +})/a-Si alloy/Pd Schottky barrier device as a tool for the effective evaluation of photovoltaic performance on a-Si alloy materials. Through alterations in the deposition conditions and system hardware, researchers improved their understanding for the deposition of uniform and high-quality a-Si and a-SiGe films over large areas. ECD researchers also performed extensive research to optimize the deposition process of the newly constructed 5-MW back-reflector deposition machine.

  16. Structural and optical properties of a-Si1-xCx:H films synthesized by dc magnetron sputtering technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hydrogenated amorphous SiC films (a-Si1-xCx:H) were prepared by dc magnetron sputtering technique on p-type Si(1 0 0) and corning 9075 substrates at low temperature, by using 32 sprigs of silicon carbide (6H-SiC). The deposited a-Si1-xCx:H film was realized under a mixture of argon and hydrogen gases. The a-Si1-xCx:H films have been investigated by scanning electronic microscopy equipped with an EDS system (SEM-EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), secondary ions mass spectrometry (SIMS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), UV-vis-IR spectrophotometry, and photoluminescence (PL). XRD results showed that the deposited film was amorphous with a structure as a-Si0.80C0.20:H corresponding to 20 at.% carbon. The photoluminescence response of the samples was observed in the visible range at room temperature with two peaks centred at 463 nm (2.68 eV) and 542 nm (2.29 eV). In addition, the dependence of photoluminescence behaviour on film thickness for a certain carbon composition in hydrogenated amorphous SiC films (a-Si1-xCx:H) has been investigated.

  17. Freestanding a-Si Thin Film Transistor for Room-Temperature Infrared Detection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG Liang; YUE Rui-Feng; LIU Li-Tian; ZHANG Wan-Jie

    2004-01-01

    @@ We present the fabrication and characterization of a novel uncooled infrared sensor for room-temperature infrared imaging. The sensitive element of the sensor is a freestanding amorphous silicon thin film transistor (a-Si TFT)with the temperature coefficient of the drain current (TCC) of 0.015-0.08/K. The TCC value is sensitive to the ambient temperature and can be controlled by the gate voltage of the a-Si TFT. The complete procedures based on the porous silicon micromachining technique for fabricating thermally isolated air bridges are described. The isolation structures have a thermal conductance of 5 × 10-6 W/K and a thermal capacitance of 4.9 × 10-8 J/K.The effects of the gate voltage on the performance figures such as responsivity, noise voltage and detectivity are described and analysed in detail. The maximum detectivity reaches 4.33 × 108 cmHz1/2W-1 at a chopping frequency of 27Hz and a gate voltage of-15 V.

  18. Testing of the J-2X Augmented Spark Igniter (ASI) and Its Electronics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, Robin

    2015-01-01

    Reliable operation of the spark ignition system electronics in the J-2X Augmented Spark Igniter (ASI) is imperative in assuring ASI ignition and subsequent Main Combustion Chamber (MCC) ignition events are reliable in the J-2X Engine. Similar to the man-rated J-2 and RS-25 engines, the J-2X ignition system electronics are equipped with spark monitor outputs intended to indicate that the spark igniters are properly energized and sparking. To better understand anomalous spark monitor data collected on the J-2X development engines at NASA Stennis Space Center (SSC), a comprehensive subsystem study of the engine's low- and high-tension spark ignition system electronics was conducted at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Spark monitor output data were compared to more detailed spark diagnostics to determine if the spark monitor was an accurate indication of actual sparking events. In addition, ignition system electronics data were closely scrutinized for any indication of an electrical discharge in some location other than the firing tip of the spark igniter - a problem not uncommon in the development of high voltage ignition systems.

  19. aSi EPIDs for the in-vivo dosimetry of static and dynamic beams

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Piermattei, A. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Roma Tre, 00146 Roma (Italy); Istituto di Fisica e U.O.C. di Fisica Sanitaria, Università Cattolica del S. Cuore, 00168 Roma (Italy); Cilla, S. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Roma Tre, 00146 Roma (Italy); U.O. di Fisica Sanitaria, Fondazione per la Ricerca e Cura ‘Giovanni Paolo II’, 86100 Campobasso (Italy); Azario, L.; Greco, F. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Roma Tre, 00146 Roma (Italy); Istituto di Fisica e U.O.C. di Fisica Sanitaria, Università Cattolica del S. Cuore, 00168 Roma (Italy); Russo, M. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Roma Tre, 00146 Roma (Italy); U.O. di Fisica Sanitaria, Ospedale Belcolle, 01100 Viterbo (Italy); Grusio, M. [Istituto di Fisica e U.O.C. di Fisica Sanitaria, Università Cattolica del S. Cuore, 00168 Roma (Italy); Orlandini, L. [U.O. di Fisica Medica, Centro Oncologico Fiorentino, 50121 Firenze (Italy); Fidanzio, A., E-mail: andrea.fidanzio@rm.unicatt.it [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Roma Tre, 00146 Roma (Italy); Istituto di Fisica e U.O.C. di Fisica Sanitaria, Università Cattolica del S. Cuore, 00168 Roma (Italy)

    2015-10-01

    Portal imaging by amorphous silicon (aSi) photodiode is currently the most applied technology for in-vivo dosimetry (IVD) of static and dynamic radiotherapy beams. The strategy, adopted in this work to perform the IVD procedure by aSi EPID, is based on: in patient reconstruction of the isocenter dose and day to day comparison between 2D-portal images to verify the reproducibility of treatment delivery. About 20.000 tests have been carried out in this last 3 years in 8 radiotherapy centers using the SOFTDISO program. The IVD results show that: (i) the procedure can be implemented for linacs of different manufacturer, (ii) the IVD analysis can be obtained on a computer screen, in quasi real time (about 2 min after the treatment delivery) and (iii) once the causes of the discrepancies were eliminated, all the global IVD tests for single patient were within the acceptance criteria defined by: ±5% for the isocenter dose, and P{sub γ<1}≥90% of the checked points for the 2D portal image γ-analysis. This work is the result of a project supported by the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) and Università Cattolica del S.Cuore (UCSC)

  20. aSi EPIDs for the in-vivo dosimetry of static and dynamic beams

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Portal imaging by amorphous silicon (aSi) photodiode is currently the most applied technology for in-vivo dosimetry (IVD) of static and dynamic radiotherapy beams. The strategy, adopted in this work to perform the IVD procedure by aSi EPID, is based on: in patient reconstruction of the isocenter dose and day to day comparison between 2D-portal images to verify the reproducibility of treatment delivery. About 20.000 tests have been carried out in this last 3 years in 8 radiotherapy centers using the SOFTDISO program. The IVD results show that: (i) the procedure can be implemented for linacs of different manufacturer, (ii) the IVD analysis can be obtained on a computer screen, in quasi real time (about 2 min after the treatment delivery) and (iii) once the causes of the discrepancies were eliminated, all the global IVD tests for single patient were within the acceptance criteria defined by: ±5% for the isocenter dose, and Pγ<1≥90% of the checked points for the 2D portal image γ-analysis. This work is the result of a project supported by the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) and Università Cattolica del S.Cuore (UCSC)

  1. aSi EPIDs for the in-vivo dosimetry of static and dynamic beams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piermattei, A.; Cilla, S.; Azario, L.; Greco, F.; Russo, M.; Grusio, M.; Orlandini, L.; Fidanzio, A.

    2015-10-01

    Portal imaging by amorphous silicon (aSi) photodiode is currently the most applied technology for in-vivo dosimetry (IVD) of static and dynamic radiotherapy beams. The strategy, adopted in this work to perform the IVD procedure by aSi EPID, is based on: in patient reconstruction of the isocenter dose and day to day comparison between 2D-portal images to verify the reproducibility of treatment delivery. About 20.000 tests have been carried out in this last 3 years in 8 radiotherapy centers using the SOFTDISO program. The IVD results show that: (i) the procedure can be implemented for linacs of different manufacturer, (ii) the IVD analysis can be obtained on a computer screen, in quasi real time (about 2 min after the treatment delivery) and (iii) once the causes of the discrepancies were eliminated, all the global IVD tests for single patient were within the acceptance criteria defined by: ±5% for the isocenter dose, and PγFisica Nucleare (INFN) and Università Cattolica del S.Cuore (UCSC).

  2. Posición de los araucanos en un contexto asiático-europeo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pucciarelli, Héctor Mario

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Se acepta que el denominado substrato amerindio -que incluye a la mayoría de las poblaciones americanas actuales e históricas- incursionó en dirección norte-sur, desde el noreste asiático, pasando por el estrecho de Bering y el rosario de las Aleutianas. Según este modelo, las poblaciones amerindias poseen un ancestro básico de tipo mongoloide, con diferenciaciones secundarias originadas por procesos microevolutivos locales. Toda comparación basada en distancias o en componentes funcionales, debería entonces sostener la hipótesis: "las distribuciones amerindias se deben aproximar en mayor grado a las de las poblaciones asiáticas y en menor grado a las de las poblaciones europeas". Por componer los araucanos una distribución tipicamente amerindia, debe esperarse entonces que presenten mayor similitud morfológica con grupos asiáticos mongolizados y secundariamente, afinidades con grupos de extracción no mongoloide, dadas estas últimas por procesos evolutivos de adaptación o mestizaje. El objeto del presente trabajo es determinar si a nivel craneofacial se cumple el modelo propuesto a través de la metodología craneofuncional. Se procedió a medir los componentes funcionales anteroneural, mesoneural, posteroneural, ótico, óptico, respiratorio, masticatorio y alveolar en 48 cráneos provenientes de muestras japonesa, francesa y araucana. Se observó que: (alas elipses de distribución producidas por el análisis canónico ubicaron a los araucanos en una posición casi equidistante entre japoneses y europeos; (blos componentes funcionales discriminados por el análisis univariado fueron tres para la comparación europeo-japonesa (óptico, masticatorio y alveolar, los mismos tres para la comparación araucano-japonesa (pero con sentido inverso y sólo el efecto tamaño del componente facial para la comparación araucano-europea. Con estos resultados se rechaza la hipótesis planteada y se sugiere que, además de los factores

  3. PHOTOCONDUCTIVITY IN a-Si : H AND a-SixC1-x : H, CORRELATION WITH PHOTOLUMINESCENCE RESULTS

    OpenAIRE

    Caffier, D.; Le Contellec, M.; Richard, J.

    1981-01-01

    Photoconductivity and photoluminescence of a-Si : H and a-SixC1-x : H films prepared by glow discharge or R.F sputtering have been studied. For a-Si : H sputtered films, the photoconductivity is greatly increased with R.F power, substrate temperature and can be compared to values obtained for glow discharge films. The addition of a low carbon content (< 10 %) does not affect the photoconductivity but a higher content greatly decreases it. In conclusion, we deduced that the existence of a high...

  4. The ASY-EOS experiment at GSI: investigating the symmetry energy at supra-saturation densities

    CERN Document Server

    Russotto, P; De Filippo, E; Févre, A Le; Gannon, S; Gašparić, I; Kiš, M; Kupny, S; Leifels, Y; Lemmon, R C; Łukasik, J; Marini, P; Pagano, A; Pawłowski, P; Santoro, S; Trautmann, W; Veselsky, M; Acosta, L; Adamczyk, M; Al-Ajlan, A; Al-Garawi, M; Al-Homaidhi, S; Amorini, F; Auditore, L; Aumann, T; Ayyad, Y; Baran, V; Basrak, Z; Benlliure, J; Boiano, C; Boisjoli, M; Boretzky, K; Brzychczyk, J; Budzanowski, A; Cardella, G; Cammarata, P; Chajecki, Z; Chbihi, A; Colonna, M; Cozma, D; Czech, B; Di Toro, M; Famiano, M; Geraci, E; Greco, V; Grassi, L; Guazzoni, C; Guazzoni, P; Heil, M; Heilborn, L; Introzzi, R; Isobe, T; Kezzar, K; Krasznahorkay, A; Kurz, N; La Guidara, E; Lanzalone, G; Lasko, P; Li, Q; Lombardo, I; Lynch, W G; Matthews, Z; May, L; Minniti, T; Mostazo, M; Papa, M; Pirrone, S; Politi, G; Porto, F; Reifarth, R; Reisdorf, W; Riccio, F; Rizzo, F; Rosato, E; Rossi, D; Simon, H; Skwirczynska, I; Sosin, Z; Stuhl, L; Trifiró, A; Trimarchi, M; Tsang, M B; Verde, G; Vigilante, M; Wieloch, A; Wigg, P; Wolter, H H; Wu, P; Yennello, S; Zambon, P; Zetta, L; Zoric, M

    2012-01-01

    The elliptic-flow ratio of neutrons with respect to protons in reactions of neutron rich heavy-ions systems at intermediate energies has been proposed as an observable sensitive to the strength of the symmetry term in the nuclear Equation Of State (EOS) at supra-saturation densities. The recent results obtained from the existing FOPI/LAND data for $^{197}$Au+$^{197}$Au collisions at 400 MeV/nucleon in comparison with the UrQMD model allowed a first estimate of the symmetry term of the EOS but suffer from a considerable statistical uncertainty. In order to obtain an improved data set for Au+Au collisions and to extend the study to other systems, a new experiment was carried out at the GSI laboratory by the ASY-EOS collaboration in May 2011.

  5. Gestion de l'indépendance et legs soviétique en Asie centrale

    OpenAIRE

    Abašin, Sergej; Allouche, Jérémy; Baubion, Charles; Bourgeot, André; Gossiaux, Jean-François; Hohmann, Sophie; Jacquesson, Svetlana; Jozan, Raphaël; Laruelle, Marlène; Mansurov, Ulugbek; Moscaritolo, Alice; Ohayon, Isabelle; Boris PÉTRIC; Peyrouse, Sébastien; Poujol, Catherine

    2009-01-01

    Dans chacun des États indépendants d’Asie centrale nés de la disparition de l’Union soviétique en 1991, le nouveau discours officiel s’emploie, à des degrés divers, à condamner le régime précédent. Pourtant, les tonitruantes déclarations de changement et de renouveau, tout comme les discours sur l’élaboration d’une voie nationale spécifique de développement, ne doivent pas faire illusion. Si un certain nombre de réformes ont été engagées, la décennie et demie maintenant écoulée est de toute é...

  6. Asie du Sud : les amateurs-experts de la violence collective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Gayer

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Plus meurtriers que toutes les guerres interétatiques du passé, les conflits intraétatiques de l’Asie du Sud ont renforcé la polarisation sociale, ethnique et religieuse de l’ensemble des pays de la région, tout en alimentant la « milicianisation » de ses sociétés. Dans ce contexte, les opportunités de carrières violentes se sont multipliées pour les jeunes aspirants à la mobilité sociale. Ces carrières miliciennes impliquent cependant un parcours souvent fastidieux de professionnalisation. De surcroît, les résultats ne sont pas toujours – et en fait rarement – à la hauteur des attentes. La guerre irrégulière (repaie bien mal ses petites mains.

  7. GenASiS Basics: Object-oriented utilitarian functionality for large-scale physics simulations

    CERN Document Server

    Cardall, Christian Y

    2015-01-01

    Aside from numerical algorithms and problem setup, large-scale physics simulations on distributed-memory supercomputers require more basic utilitarian functionality, such as physical units and constants; display to the screen or standard output device; message passing; I/O to disk; and runtime parameter management and usage statistics. Here we describe and make available Fortran 2003 classes furnishing extensible object-oriented implementations of this sort of rudimentary functionality, along with individual `unit test' programs and larger example problems demonstrating their use. These classes compose the Basics division of our developing astrophysics simulation code GenASiS (General Astrophysical Simulation System), but their fundamental nature makes them useful for physics simulations in many fields.

  8. Le gouvernement international des frontières d’Asie centrale (Volumes 1 & 2)

    OpenAIRE

    Bigo, Didier; Martin-Maze, Médéric

    2013-01-01

    Le gouvernement international des frontières d’Asie centrale (Kirghizstan, Tadjikistan, Ouzbékistan, Kazakhstan, Turkménistan) comprend les projets de gestion des frontières conduits par l’OSCE, la Commission européenne, l’ONUDC et l’OIM entre 1992 et 2012. Ils organisent l’import/export d’une expertise alignant les limites étatiques dans cette région sur un double impératif de mobilité et de sécurité. Comment ces savoirs sur la frontière circulent-ils à travers ces dernières ? Les projets p...

  9. The Very High Energy source catalog at the ASI Science Data Center

    CERN Document Server

    Carosi, Alessandro; Antonelli, Lucio Angelo; Giommi, Paolo

    2015-01-01

    The increasing number of Very High Energy (VHE) sources discovered by the current generation of Cherenkov telescopes made particularly relevant the creation of a dedicated source catalogs as well as the cross-correlation of VHE and lower energy bands data in a multi-wavelength framework. The "TeGeV Catalog" hosted at the ASI Science Data Center (ASDC) is a catalog of VHE sources detected by ground-based Cherenkov detectors. The TeGeVcat collects all the relevant information publicly available about the observed GeV/TeV sources. The catalog contains also information about public light curves while the available spectral data are included in the ASDC SED Builder tool directly accessible from the TeGeV catalog web page. In this contribution we will report a comprehensive description of the catalog and the related tools.

  10. Fresh New Air in Space? `MoMa' on the A.S.I. Launch Pad

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ambesi Impiombato, Francesco Saverio; Curcio, Francesco; Meli, Antonella; Zambito, Anna Maria

    2006-12-01

    The present project has been developed because of the desire to unify the research lines in the A.S.I. ‘Medicine & Biotechnology’ area into one research line that could satisfy the interests of all of the collaborative groups and at the same time could pursue a relevant social goal. A 6 month feasibility study (SF) called MoMa was carried out in the ASI framework. During the SF the know-how and the tools already available in the national scientific community have been assessed, selected and evaluated even with the important contribution of Small and Medium-size Enterprises (SME) and of Italian industries already involved in Space Research. As result of the SF MoMa, all of the participants decided to combine all the efforts together and define, with all the know-how and the available technologies, one strategic topic, the “Aging” with a special attention to the Quality of Life (QoL). The space environment is a unique laboratory to study the reaction of living organisms (especially humans) to microgravity and cosmic radiation. The study of the effects of these two variables at the molecular and cellular levels will shed light on the response of cells and living organisms to adverse stimulations that are always present even on Earth and will help us able to develop the best strategies to protect the organisms from the progressive structural and functional decline related to Aging. Relevant spin-offs on Earth and also relevant industrial applications are the expected outputs of this project.

  11. Enhanced Crystal Quality of AlxIn1-xAsySb1-y for Terahertz Quantum Cascade Lasers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobias Zederbauer

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This work provides a detailed study on the growth of AlxIn1-xAsySb1-y lattice-matched to InAs by Molecular Beam Epitaxy. In order to find the conditions which lead to high crystal quality deep within the miscibility gap, AlxIn1-xAsySb1-y with x = 0.462 was grown at different growth temperatures as well as As2 and Sb2 beam equivalent pressures. The crystal quality of the grown layers was examined by high-resolution X-ray diffraction and atomic force microscopy. It was found that the incorporation of Sb into Al0.462In0.538AsySb1-y is strongly temperature-dependent and reduced growth temperatures are necessary in order to achieve significant Sb mole fractions in the grown layers. At 480 ∘ C lattice matching to InAs could not be achieved. At 410 ∘ C lattice matching was possible and high quality films of Al0.462In0.538AsySb1-y were obtained.

  12. Kuidas meeldib välismaalastele Eestis [õppida]? / Shazia Javed, Charina de Asis, Adam Luke Vern-Barnett, Predrag Tasevski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Küsimusele vastasid välisüliõpilased: rahvusvahelisi suhteid õppiv Charina de Asis Filipiinidelt, magistriõppes rahvusvahelist õigust õppiv Adam Luke Vern-Barnett Austraaliast, küberkaitset õppiv Predrag Tasevski Makedooniast ja tarkvara arendust õppiv Shazia Javed Pakistanist

  13. Volumetric quantification of lung nodules in CT with iterative reconstruction (ASiR and MBIR)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Volume quantifications of lung nodules with multidetector computed tomography (CT) images provide useful information for monitoring nodule developments. The accuracy and precision of the volume quantification, however, can be impacted by imaging and reconstruction parameters. This study aimed to investigate the impact of iterative reconstruction algorithms on the accuracy and precision of volume quantification with dose and slice thickness as additional variables.Methods: Repeated CT images were acquired from an anthropomorphic chest phantom with synthetic nodules (9.5 and 4.8 mm) at six dose levels, and reconstructed with three reconstruction algorithms [filtered backprojection (FBP), adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR), and model based iterative reconstruction (MBIR)] into three slice thicknesses. The nodule volumes were measured with two clinical software (A: Lung VCAR, B: iNtuition), and analyzed for accuracy and precision.Results: Precision was found to be generally comparable between FBP and iterative reconstruction with no statistically significant difference noted for different dose levels, slice thickness, and segmentation software. Accuracy was found to be more variable. For large nodules, the accuracy was significantly different between ASiR and FBP for all slice thicknesses with both software, and significantly different between MBIR and FBP for 0.625 mm slice thickness with Software A and for all slice thicknesses with Software B. For small nodules, the accuracy was more similar between FBP and iterative reconstruction, with the exception of ASIR vs FBP at 1.25 mm with Software A and MBIR vs FBP at 0.625 mm with Software A.Conclusions: The systematic difference between the accuracy of FBP and iterative reconstructions highlights the importance of extending current segmentation software to accommodate the image characteristics of iterative reconstructions. In addition, a calibration process may help reduce the dependency of

  14. Investigation of the dosimetric properties of an a-Si flat panel epid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Electronic portal imaging devices (EPIDs) are primarily used as an electronic replacement for film to verify the set-up of radiotherapy patients based on imaged anatomy. There has recently been much interest in the use of amorphous silicon (a-Si) flat panel EPIDs for dosimetric verification in radiotherapy. The work presented here has been carried out to determine their suitability for dosimetric applications by investigating some of the basic response characteristics and the implications these might have. The measurements reported in this paper were performed using 6-MV photon beams from an Elekta Precise linear accelerator fitted with Elekta iViewGT amorphous silicon flat panel EPIDs. Measurements were performed to investigate the response of the EPID as a function of exposure and field size. Similar measurements were made with an ionisation chamber for comparison. Further measurements were carried out to investigate the response of the EPID to multiple low dose exposures (e.g. 5x2 MU) such as might be encountered in Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT). This was compared with the response to a single high dose exposure (e.g. 10 MU) and repeated for a range of exposures. The results show the response of the EPID, to a good approximation, to be linear with dose over the range of 1 -200 MU. However, 'under-responses' in the EPID of up to 5% were seen at the lowest exposures. For multiple low dose segments the sum of the EPID responses was found to be less than the response to the same total exposure in a single large segment. This effect reduces with increase in the magnitude of the low dose segments. The variation in EPID response with field size was found to be greater than that indicated by the ionisation chamber. The results show that the a-Si detector responds to dose, to a good approximation, in a linear manner. The EPID under-response at low doses is thought to be related to the so called ghosting effect. Each image frame has a residual

  15. real en Corea y Malasia: la respuesta a la crisis asiática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zainal-Abidin Mahani

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo examina los ajustes en la macroeconomía real de Corea y Malasia al ser golpeados por la crisis asiática, sus respectivas respuestas de política y los efectos resultantes. En ambos países los efectos negativos de la crisis fueron de magnitudes similares, en tanto sus respuestas fueron distintas. Corea buscó una asistencia directa del FMI, lo que la obligó, inicialmente, a cumplir con el programa de ajuste estructural de éste, mientras que Malasia pudo mantener políticas independientes durante el proceso de la solución de la crisis. Asimismo, Corea y Malasia adoptaron medidas totalmente opuestas en cuanto a la apertura del mercado de capitales en reacción a la crisis. Por ejemplo, Corea liberalizó drásticamente su cuenta de capitales (aunque mantuvo ciertas restricciones a la salida de capital de sus residentes, mediante un régimen cambiario de flotación (aunque con una acumulación notable de reservas internacionales vía intervención cambiaria, mientras que Malasia implementó controles de capitales más estrictos con el regreso a un régimen de tipo de cambio fijo. Pese a los diferentes enfoques de política respecto de la cuenta de capitales y al tipo de cambio, los dos países adoptaron prontamente, en 1998, un cambio sustancial hacia una política macroeconómica (fiscal y monetaria expansiva, lo que logró una recuperación de ambas economías notablemente más rápida que la de otras del Este Asiático. El papel positivo de las políticas macroeconómicas anticíclicas pos-crisis plantea la pregunta de si el endurecimiento inicial de las políticas fiscales y monetarias fue mantenido por demasiados meses y si éste, en consecuencia, profundizó la crisis tanto en Corea como en Malasia.

  16. Charactrization of a Li-ion battery based stand-alone a-Si photovoltaic system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamid Vishkasougheh, Mehdi; Tunaboylu, Bahadir

    2014-11-01

    The number of photovoltaic (PV) system installations is increasing rapidly. As more people learn about this versatile and often cost-effective power option, this trend will accelerate. This document presents a recommended design for a battery based stand-alone photovoltaic system (BSPV). BSPV system has the ability to be applied in different areas, including warning signals, lighting, refrigeration, communication, residential water pumping, remote sensing, and cathodic protection. The presented calculation method gives a proper idea for a system sizing technique. Based on application load, different scenarios are possible for designing a BSPV system. In this study, a battery based stand-alone system was designed. The electricity generation part is three a-Si panels, which are connected in parallel, and for the storage part LFP (lithium iron phosphate) battery was used. The high power LFP battery packs are 40 cells each 8S5P (configured 8 series 5 parallel). Each individual pack weighs 0.5 kg and is 25.6 V. In order to evaluate the efficiency of a-Si panels with respect to the temperature and the solar irradiation, cities of Istanbul, Ankara and Adana in Turkey were selected. Temperature and solar irradiation were gathered from reliable sources and by using translation equations, current and voltage output of panels were calculated. As a result of these calculations, current and energy outputs were computed by considering an average efficient solar irradiation time value per day in Turkey. The calculated power values were inserted to a battery cycler system, and the behavior of high power LFP batteries in a time sequence of 7.2 h was evaluated. The charging and discharging cycles were obtained and their behavior was discussed. According to the results, Istanbul has the lowest number of peak month's energy, it followed by Ankara, and ultimately Adana has the highest number of peak months and energy storage. It was observed during the tests that values up to 4 A was

  17. Coastal vulnerability assessment of Assateague Island National Seashore (ASIS) to sea-level rise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pendleton, Elizabeth A.; Williams, S. Jeffress; Thieler, E. Robert

    2004-01-01

    A coastal vulnerability index (CVI, http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1020/html/cvi.htm) was used to map relative vulnerability of the coast to future sea-level rise within Assateague Island National Seashore (ASIS) in Maryland and Virginia. The CVI ranks the following in terms of their physical contribution to sea-level rise-related coastal change: geomorphology, regional coastal slope, rate of relative sea-level rise, shoreline change rates, mean tidal range and mean wave height. Rankings for each variable were combined and an index value calculated for 1-minute grid cells covering the park. The CVI highlights those regions where the physical effects of sea-level rise might be the greatest. This approach combines the coastal system's susceptibility to change with its natural ability to adapt to changing environmental conditions, yielding a quantitative, although relative, measure of the park's natural vulnerability to the effects of sea-level rise. The CVI provides an objective technique for evaluation and long-term planning by scientists and park managers. Assateague Island consists of stable and washover dominated portions of barrier beach backed by wetland and marsh. The areas within Assateague that are likely to be most vulnerable to sea-level rise are those with the highest occurrence of overwash and the highest rates of shoreline change.

  18. Remineralization of demineralized bone matrix (DBM) via alternating solution immersion (ASI).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soicher, Matthew A; Christiansen, Blaine A; Stover, Susan M; Leach, J Kent; Fyhrie, David P

    2013-10-01

    In order to achieve successful clinical outcomes, biomaterials used for bone grafts must possess a number of traits including biocompatibility and osteoconductivity. These materials must also demonstrate appropriate mechanical stability to withstand handling as well as support potentially significant stresses at the implant site. Synthetic and natural polymer scaffolds used for bone tissue engineering (BTE) often lack necessary mechanical properties. Our goal was to internally mineralize natural collagenous matrix, thereby increasing mechanical properties of the material to useful levels. Published methods for intrafibrillar collagen mineralization were applied to clinically relevant-sized constructs but did not successfully deposit mineral in the interior of the constructs. To address this limitation, we developed a new technique for the remineralization of demineralized bone matrix (DBM) based on alternating solution immersion, or ASI. Mineral was removed from equine bone specimens, leaving behind a demineralized bone matrix (DBM). This matrix provides a framework for the nucleation and growth of a replacement mineral phase. Plain film radiography and microcomputed tomography (microCT) indicated accumulation of mineral within the DBM, and mechanical testing (3 point bending and compression) revealed a significant increase in stiffness between the DBM and the remineralized bone matrix (RBM). We believe this remineralization process will be useful in the preparation of stiff and strong allografts for clinical application. PMID:23759125

  19. Accelerating Our Understanding of Supernova Explosion Mechanism via Simulations and Visualizations with GenASiS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Budiardja, R. D. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Cardall, Christian Y [ORNL; Endeve, Eirik [ORNL

    2015-01-01

    Core-collapse supernovae are among the most powerful explosions in the Universe, releasing about 1053 erg of energy on timescales of a few tens of seconds. These explosion events are also responsible for the production and dissemination of most of the heavy elements, making life as we know it possible. Yet exactly how they work is still unresolved. One reason for this is the sheer complexity and cost of a self-consistent, multi-physics, and multi-dimensional core-collapse supernova simulation, which is impractical, and often impossible, even on the largest supercomputers we have available today. To advance our understanding we instead must often use simplified models, teasing out the most important ingredients for successful explosions, while helping us to interpret results from higher fidelity multi-physics models. In this paper we investigate the role of instabilities in the core-collapse supernova environment. We present here simulation and visualization results produced by our code GenASiS.

  20. Accelerating Our Understanding of Supernova Explosion Mechanism via Simulations and Visualizations with GenASiS

    CERN Document Server

    Budiardja, Reuben D; Endeve, Eirik

    2015-01-01

    Core-collapse supernovae are among the most powerful explosions in the Universe, releasing about $10^{53}~\\mbox{erg}$ of energy on timescales of a few tens of seconds. These explosion events are also responsible for the production and dissemination of most of the heavy elements, making life as we know it possible. Yet exactly how they work is still unresolved. One reason for this is the sheer complexity and cost of a self-consistent, multi-physics, and multi-dimensional core-collapse supernova simulation, which is impractical, and often impossible, even on the largest supercomputers we have available today. To advance our understanding we instead must often use simplified models, teasing out the most important ingredients for successful explosions, while helping us to interpret results from higher fidelity multi-physics models. In this paper we investigate the role of instabilities in the core-collapse supernova environment. We present here simulation and visualization results produced by our code GenASiS.

  1. Asie du Sud-Est : enjeu régional ou enjeu mondial ?, Hugues Tertrais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Gédéon

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans Asie du Sud-Est : enjeu régional ou enjeu mondial ?, Hugues Tertrais se livre à une analyse précise de la situation en Asie du sud-est au regard de la crise économique qui a secoué cette région du monde en 1997 et de ses conséquences. Soulignant la fragmentation de cet espace politique, caractérisé par sa très grande diversité culturelle et linguistique, l’auteur rappelle qu’il s’est édifié sur l’ancienne ligne de fracture entre monde chinois et puissances européennes, tout d’abord, puis...

  2. Portal Asiático de Información: un servicio transcontinental de intercambio de artículos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha E. Mantilla

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available El Portal Asiático de Información de la Universidad de Pittsburgh es un innovador servicio de cooperación entre bibliotecas de Estados Unidos y bibliotecas de la China, Japón, y Corea, que facilita el acceso rápido a artículos publicados en revistas académicas, utilizando tecnología de bajo costo.

  3. Analyses of phenotype and ARGOS and ASY1 expression in a ploidy Chinese cabbage series derived from one haploid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Ai Xia; Zhao, Jian Jun; Li, Li Min; Wang, Yan Hua; Zhao, Yu Jing; Hua, Fan; Xu, Yuan Chao; Shen, Shu Xing

    2016-03-01

    The aim of this research was to improve our understanding of how ploidy level influences phenotype and gene expression in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa L. ssp. pekinensis). Haploid plants (2n = 10) was induced by 0.2% colchicine to produce diploid (2n = 20) and tetraploid plants (2n = 40). The aneuploid (2n = 24) was also obtained by hybridization between diploid plants as the female and tetraploid plants. The ploidy levels of all plants were identified through chromosome counts and flow cytometry. Leaves and petals became larger as the ploidy level increased from haploid to diploid, and from aneuploid to tetraploid. Similarly, expression of ARGOS was regulated by genome size, increasing in parallel with the level of ploidy. Among the four ploidy types, expression was stronger in the floral buds than in the leaves. Expression by ASY1 also differed according to ploidy level, being highest in diploid plants, followed in order by tetraploids. Expression was similar between haploids and aneuploids at two stages-prior to and after meiosis-but was higher in the haploids during meiosis. When buds were compared within the same ploidy type at different stages, ASY1 expression was obviously higher during meiosis than either before or after. Our study demonstrated the generation and phenotype of a ploidy Chinese cabbage series derived from one haploid. Expression of genes ARGOS and ASY1 were modulated by genome size in this ploidy series, and the regulated patterns of the two genes was different. PMID:27162487

  4. Dosimetry in radiotherapy using a-Si EPIDs: Systems, methods, and applications focusing on 3D patient dose estimation

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCurdy, B. M. C.

    2013-06-01

    An overview is provided of the use of amorphous silicon electronic portal imaging devices (EPIDs) for dosimetric purposes in radiation therapy, focusing on 3D patient dose estimation. EPIDs were originally developed to provide on-treatment radiological imaging to assist with patient setup, but there has also been a natural interest in using them as dosimeters since they use the megavoltage therapy beam to form images. The current generation of clinically available EPID technology, amorphous-silicon (a-Si) flat panel imagers, possess many characteristics that make them much better suited to dosimetric applications than earlier EPID technologies. Features such as linearity with dose/dose rate, high spatial resolution, realtime capability, minimal optical glare, and digital operation combine with the convenience of a compact, retractable detector system directly mounted on the linear accelerator to provide a system that is well-suited to dosimetric applications. This review will discuss clinically available a-Si EPID systems, highlighting dosimetric characteristics and remaining limitations. Methods for using EPIDs in dosimetry applications will be discussed. Dosimetric applications using a-Si EPIDs to estimate three-dimensional dose in the patient during treatment will be overviewed. Clinics throughout the world are implementing increasingly complex treatments such as dynamic intensity modulated radiation therapy and volumetric modulated arc therapy, as well as specialized treatment techniques using large doses per fraction and short treatment courses (ie. hypofractionation and stereotactic radiosurgery). These factors drive the continued strong interest in using EPIDs as dosimeters for patient treatment verification.

  5. Amerika in Asien Alexander von Humboldts Asie centrale und die russisch-sibirische Forschungsreise im transarealen Kontext

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ottmar Ette

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English and SpanishAmerica in Asia: Alexander von Humboldt's «Asie centrale» in the context of TransArea StudiesSince 1793, Alexander von Humboldt had been dreaming of realizing a travel to Russia, leading him right into Central Asia. In 1829, he finally was able to see his dream fulfilled, although the contexts and conditions of his travel to Russia were totally different from those of his voyage to the Americas, realized some thirty years earlier. Severely controlled by the Russian monarchy, the travellers made it up to the Chinese border, rapidly crossing, within very few months and with the help of more than 12000 horses, more than 18000 kilometers.This article analizes the outstanding importance of Humboldt's Asian project in the context of Humboldtian Science, specially focussing the relevance of TransArea studies within its omnipresent AsiAmerican dimensions. Therefore, Asie centrale occupies a highly specific place within the complex cosmos of Humboldt's writings, highlighting a fascinating transdisciplinary and geoecological approach still of great importance today.

  6. AS-i Steri tehas alustab tööd juba lähipäevil / Ulvar Käärt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käärt, Ulvar, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Keskkonnaminister Jaanus Tamkivi andis AS-ile Steri kiirgustegevusloa. Samas otsustas minister edasi kaevata AS Steri omanike kasuks tehtud Tallinna halduskohtu otsuse. Lisa: Steriliseerimine AS-i Steri tehases

  7. The control of the film stress of Cat-CVD a-Si films and its impact on explosive crystallization induced by flash lamp annealing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Catalytic chemical vapor deposition (Cat-CVD) can produce amorphous silicon (a-Si) films with low film stress, in general, compared to plasma-enhanced CVD, and is thus suited for the preparation of precursor a-Si films for thick poly-Si films applied for solar cells. The stress of a-Si films is known to sometimes play an important role for the crystallization of a-Si films and resulting grain size of polycrystalline Si (poly-Si) films formed. I investigate the impact of the stress of Cat-CVD a-Si films on the mechanism of explosive crystallization (EC) induced by flash lamp annealing (FLA). The stress of Cat-CVD a-Si films can be controlled by changing the temperatures of substrates and/or a catalyzing wire during film deposition. Cat-CVD a-Si films with tensile stress (~ 200 MPa) can be deposited as well as films with compressive stress. The enlargement of grain size is observed in a part of flash-lamp-crystallized (FLC) poly-Si films formed from Cat-CVD films with tensile stress compared to those with compressive stress, which might be an indication of a certain degree of impact of film stress on poly-Si formation. The grain size is, however, much smaller than that of FLC poly-Si films formed from electron-beam- (EB-) evaporated a-Si films with similar tensile stress. This fact may indicate the existence of other critical determinants of EC mechanism

  8. Hubungan Status Gizi Bayi dengan Pemberian ASI Ekslusif, Tingkat Pendidikan Ibu dan Status Ekonomi Keluarga di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Padang Pasir

    OpenAIRE

    Aisyah Nilakesuma; Yusri Dianne Jurnalis; Selfi Renita Rusjdi

    2015-01-01

    AbstrakStatus gizi merupakan salah satu tolak ukur untuk menilai perkembangan kesehatan bayi. Banyak faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi status gizi seorang bayi, diantaranya pemberian ASI ekslusif, tingkat pendidikan ibu dan status ekonomi keluarga. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat hubungan antara status gizi bayi dengan pemberian ASI ekslusif, tingkat pendidikan ibu dan status ekonomi keluarga. Telah dilakukan penelitian Cross Sectional Analytic di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Padang Pasir....

  9. Verification of the Addiction Severity Index Japanese Version (ASI-J) as a Treatment-Customization, Prediction, and Comparison Tool for Alcohol-Dependent Individuals

    OpenAIRE

    Susumu Higuchi; Toru Ishikawa; Masanobu Murayama; Masaru Murakami; Mitsuru Hasegawa; Kenji Yanbe; Aro Ino; Aihide Yoshino; Yoshihiro Suzuki; Satoru Saito; Eiichi Senoo; Yasukazu Ogai; Ayako Haraguchi; Kazutaka Ikeda

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To demonstrate the usefulness of the Addiction Severity Index Japanese Version (ASI-J) in Japanese alcohol-dependent individuals. The ASI is a frequently used clinical and research instrument that measures severities in seven functional domains in people with substance abuse disorders. Methods: A total of 370 male inpatients with a history of alcohol dependence participated in the study. Forty-nine participants were excluded in the final analysis due to lack of reliability (i.e., p...

  10. Image quality of iterative reconstruction in cranial CT imaging: comparison of model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) and adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to compare cranial CT (CCT) image quality (IQ) of the MBIR algorithm with standard iterative reconstruction (ASiR). In this institutional review board (IRB)-approved study, raw data sets of 100 unenhanced CCT examinations (120 kV, 50-260 mAs, 20 mm collimation, 0.984 pitch) were reconstructed with both ASiR and MBIR. Signal-to-noise (SNR) and contrast-to-noise (CNR) were calculated from attenuation values measured in caudate nucleus, frontal white matter, anterior ventricle horn, fourth ventricle, and pons. Two radiologists, who were blinded to the reconstruction algorithms, evaluated anonymized multiplanar reformations of 2.5 mm with respect to depiction of different parenchymal structures and impact of artefacts on IQ with a five-point scale (0: unacceptable, 1: less than average, 2: average, 3: above average, 4: excellent). MBIR decreased artefacts more effectively than ASiR (p < 0.01). The median depiction score for MBIR was 3, whereas the median value for ASiR was 2 (p < 0.01). SNR and CNR were significantly higher in MBIR than ASiR (p < 0.01). MBIR showed significant improvement of IQ parameters compared to ASiR. As CCT is an examination that is frequently required, the use of MBIR may allow for substantial reduction of radiation exposure caused by medical diagnostics. (orig.)

  11. Espaçamento entre linhas e severidade da ferrugem-asiática da soja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Dinnys Roese

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available No Brasil, a cultura da soja é tradicionalmente semeada em linhas espaçadas de 45 cm a 50 cm. Alterações nesse espaçamento podem mudar o micro clima e a eficiência de aplicação de fungicidas. Este trabalho teve como objetivo estudar a influência de diferentes espaçamentos na severidade da ferrugem-asiática e na produtividade das cultivares de soja BRS 256 RR, BRS 246 RR e BRS 318 RR, respectivamente nas safras 2007/2008, 2009/2010 e 2010/2011. Foram avaliados quatro espaçamentos entre linhas (35, 45, 55 e 65 cm, com e sem aplicação de fungicida na parte aérea das plantas. Confirmou-se a eficiência do fungicida no controle da doença nas três safras e observou-se que o espaçamento entre linhas não foi significativo para nenhuma variável avaliada na primeira safra do experimento, quando a doença iniciou antes do florescimento. Na segunda e terceira safras, quando a doença iniciou no florescimento pleno e a severidade final foi menor que na primeira safra, o espaçamento entre linhas influenciou a produtividade nas parcelas sem fungicida da cultivar BRS 246 RR (na segunda safra e a severidade da doença na cultivar BRS 318 RR (na terceira safra.

  12. Managing the backscatter component from the robotic arm of an a-Si EPID

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Backscatter from the robotic arm mechanism of an a-Si EPID in IMRT images was examined. Images corrected with a conventional flood field (FF) containing a backscatter component (BSC) from the robotic ann were compared with a BSC-free FF. A Yarian 21 EX linac (6 MV, 18 MV) was used. All images were acquired with two aS500 EPIDs, one R-arm and one E-arm. The BSC of an EPID image is the ratio of an image acquired with the EPID attached to the arm then detaching the arm from the EPID and acquiring the same image. A range of square field sizes from 2.5 x 2.5 cm to 27.5 x 27.5 cm were acquired and the BSC analyzed. The BSC of the FFs were also measured. A series of IMRT fields were acquired. Each field was corrected with a conventional FF and compared with a BSC-free FF. Figure I shows the magnitude of the BSC from each arm in the inplane for a 6x beam. Square fields above 16 x l6 cm (R-arm) and lO x 10 cm (E-arm) benefited from a conventional FF as it tended to cancel out the BSC in the acquired square field. The opposite was observed for smaller field sizes. A gamma analysis of the IMRT fields showed a FF correction containing a BSC reduces the effect of the arm in the final image. IMRT EPID images using conventional FFs have been shown to be less affected by backscatter from the robotic arm compared to BSC-free flood fields. (author)

  13. A novel method to achieve selective emitter for silicon solar cell using low cost pattern-able a-Si thin films as the semi-transparent phosphorus diffusion barrier

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► a-Si thin films as semitransparent phosphorus diffusion barriers for solar cell. ► a-Si thin films on silicon wafers were patterned by the alkaline solution. ► Selective emitter was formed with patterned a-Si as diffusion barrier for solar cell. -- Abstract: Selective emitter for silicon solar cell was realized by employing a-Si thin films as the semi-transparent diffusion barrier. The a-Si thin films with various thicknesses (∼10–40 nm) were deposited by the electron-beam evaporation technique. Emitters with sheet resistances from 37 to 145 Ω/□ were obtained via POCl3 diffusion process. The thickness of the a-Si diffusion barrier was optimized to be 15 nm for selective emitter in our work. Homemade mask which can dissolve in ethanol was screen-printed on a-Si film to make pattern. The a-Si film was then patterned in KOH solution to form finger-like design. Selective emitter was obtainable with one-step diffusion with patterned a-Si film on. Combinations of sheet resistances for the high-/low-level doped regions of 39.8/112.1, 36.2/88.8, 35.4/73.9 were obtained. These combinations are suitable for screen-printed solar cells. This preparation method of selective emitter based on a-Si diffusion barrier is a promising approach for low cost industrial manufacturing.

  14. Study of the Interaction between Bacteriophage T4 asiA and Escherichia coli ς70, Using the Yeast Two-Hybrid System: Neutralization of asiA Toxicity to E. coli Cells by Coexpression of a Truncated ς70 Fragment

    OpenAIRE

    Sharma, Umender K.; Ravishankar, Sudha; Shandil, Radha Krishan; Praveen, P.V.K.; Balganesh, T S

    1999-01-01

    The interaction of T4 phage-encoded anti-sigma factor, asiA, and Escherichia coli ς70 was studied by using the yeast two-hybrid system. Truncation of ς70 to identify the minimum region involved in the interaction showed that the fragment containing amino acid residues proximal to the C terminus (residues 547 to 603) was sufficient for complexing to asiA. Studies also indicated that some of the truncated C-terminal fragments (residues 493 to 613) had higher affinity for asiA as judged by the i...

  15. Verification of the Addiction Severity Index Japanese Version (ASI-J as a Treatment-Customization, Prediction, and Comparison Tool for Alcohol-Dependent Individuals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susumu Higuchi

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To demonstrate the usefulness of the Addiction Severity Index Japanese Version (ASI-J in Japanese alcohol-dependent individuals. The ASI is a frequently used clinical and research instrument that measures severities in seven functional domains in people with substance abuse disorders. Methods: A total of 370 male inpatients with a history of alcohol dependence participated in the study. Forty-nine participants were excluded in the final analysis due to lack of reliability (i.e., patient misrepresentation or inability to understand. We used the ASI-J and a series of indexes that determined patient states during and post-treatment. Results: The correlations between ASI Composite Scores (CSs, which were calculated through a weighted formula and indicated the severity of each problem area, were significant but low in eight relations and not significant in 13 relations, indicating substantial independence of the problem areas. Significant differences were found in Family/Social CSs between abstinent and relapsed alcohol-dependent individuals. The questions of undesirable attitude were significantly related to the CSs of Employment, Drug use, Family/Social, and Psychiatric sections. Significant differences were observed in patient demographics, CS, and ASI Severity Rating (SR and interviewer’s subjective scoring between alcohol-dependent individuals and drug abusers. CSs in Japanese alcohol-dependent individuals were generally similar to corresponding CSs in individuals from other countries, with the exception of The Netherlands. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that the ASI-J is useful for understanding individual profiles of problems for each patient and planning customized treatment. The ASI-J served as a predictive tool for relapse and compliance to treatment afterward and was shown to be useful as a comparison tool in clarifying similarities and differences between substance abuser groups.

  16. Le boom du raffinage en Asie du Sud-Est Refinery Boom in Southeast Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gruson J. F.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Le marché pétrolier connaît en Asie un développement rapide, principalement dans la zone non OCDE, qui représente aujourd'hui plus de 15 % de la consommation pétrolière mondiale. La croissance économique attendue dans ces pays devrait porter cette part à plus de 25 % d'ici 2010, soit une hausse de la demande de 5,4% par an, principalement dans le secteur des transports. Les investissements qui en découlent pour l'industrie du raffinage régionale sont très élevés (des évaluations les chiffrent à près de 140 milliards de dollars, d'autant plus que la protection de l'environnement commence à prendre une importance significative. Dès lors, le défit majeur de ces pays sera d'assurer les financements nécessaires pour augmenter la capacité de raffinage (un quasi-doublement et l'adapter au poids croissant de l'essence et des distillats moyens dans la demande. La participation d'opérateurs privés apparaît essentielle, mais dépendra fortement du redressement des marges de raffinage et de la réalité de l'ouverture des marchés pétroliers nationaux annoncée par les pouvoirs publics. The Asia demand for oil is increasing dramatically, particularly in the non OECD countries, which represent, today more than 15% of the word oil market. The expected economic growth in these areas should contribute to a rise in oil demand by about 5. 4 per year and hence to a significant increase of this share to 25% in 2010; virtually a large part of this evolution will come from the transportation sector. The proceeding investments of the regional, refining industry are very high (some evaluations come to around 140 billions of dollars, all the more the protection of the environment takes an increasing significant place. Accordingly the most important challenge to be taken up by these countries will be to mobilize long term fundings to develop and adapt the capabilities of the refineries to meet the growth of gasoline and gasoil demand. The

  17. Controle e progresso temporal da ferrugem asiática da soja sob controle alternativo em campo

    OpenAIRE

    R.M. Mesquini; K.R.F. Schwan-Estrada; R.A. Vieira; J.F. Nascimento

    2011-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o controle e o progresso temporal da ferrugem asiática da soja, causada por Phakopsora pachyrhizi, sob manejo com tratamentos alternativos. Para isso, implementou-se um ensaio em delineamento de blocos completos com tratamentos ao acaso, com 4 repetições, em Itambé-PR, durante a safra 2007/2008. Os tratamentos alternativos foram: biomassa cítrica, extrato bruto e óleo essencial de Eucalyptus citriodora e grãos de kefir. Avaliou-se também o controle químic...

  18. La crisis asiática: sus impactos regionales, globales y en américa latina.

    OpenAIRE

    Estay Reyno, Jaime

    2011-01-01

    En el presente artículo, haremos un breve recuento de algunos de los procesos y de los debates que han estado vinculados a la crisis asiática, centrando la atención en los efectos de dicha crisis sobre las economías del Este de Asia y sobre el conjunto de la economía mundial, para terminar revisando su impacto presente y previsible en las economías latinoamericanas y algunas de las interrogantes que de todo ello se desprenden.

  19. Damage production in low-energy Au and Si irradiation of a-Si: Influence of projectile mass

    CERN Document Server

    Koster, M

    2003-01-01

    Using molecular-dynamics computer simulation, we study the processes occurring in a-Si after irradiation with a projectile with energy E sub 0<=500 eV. By comparing Au and Si impact, we can study the effects of high and low deposited energy density. We find that damage production (creation of over- and under-coordinated Si atoms) and recoil implantation are strongly enhanced under Au impact. This effect can be traced back to the creation of an elastic collision spike for Au impact.

  20. Amerika in Asien Alexander von Humboldts Asie centrale und die russisch-sibirische Forschungsreise im transarealen Kontext

    OpenAIRE

    Ottmar Ette

    2007-01-01

    Article in German, Abstracts in English and SpanishAmerica in Asia: Alexander von Humboldt's «Asie centrale» in the context of TransArea StudiesSince 1793, Alexander von Humboldt had been dreaming of realizing a travel to Russia, leading him right into Central Asia. In 1829, he finally was able to see his dream fulfilled, although the contexts and conditions of his travel to Russia were totally different from those of his voyage to the Americas, realized some thirty years earlier. Severely co...

  1. Absorption enhancement in thin film a-Si solar cells with double-sided SiO2 particle layers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈乐; 王庆康; 沈向前; 陈文; 黄堃; 刘代明

    2015-01-01

    Light absorption enhancement is very important for improving the power conversion efficiency of a thin film a-Si solar cell. In this paper, a thin-film a-Si solar cell model with double-sided SiO2 particle layers is designed, and then the underlying mechanism of absorption enhancement is investigated by finite difference time domain (FDTD) simulation;finally the feasible experimental scheme for preparing the SiO2 particle layer is discussed. It is found that the top and bottom SiO2 particle layers play an important role in anti-reflection and light trapping, respectively. The light absorption of the cell with double-sided SiO2 layers greatly increases in a wavelength range of 300 nm–800 nm, and the ultimate efficiency increases more than 22%compared with that of the flat device. The cell model with double-sided SiO2 particle layers reported here can be used in varieties of thin film solar cells to further improve their performances.

  2. Absorption enhancement in thin film a-Si solar cells with double-sided SiO2 particle layers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Le; Wang, Qing-Kang; Shen, Xiang-Qian; Chen, Wen; Huang, Kun; Liu, Dai-Ming

    2015-10-01

    Light absorption enhancement is very important for improving the power conversion efficiency of a thin film a-Si solar cell. In this paper, a thin-film a-Si solar cell model with double-sided SiO2 particle layers is designed, and then the underlying mechanism of absorption enhancement is investigated by finite difference time domain (FDTD) simulation; finally the feasible experimental scheme for preparing the SiO2 particle layer is discussed. It is found that the top and bottom SiO2 particle layers play an important role in anti-reflection and light trapping, respectively. The light absorption of the cell with double-sided SiO2 layers greatly increases in a wavelength range of 300 nm-800 nm, and the ultimate efficiency increases more than 22% compared with that of the flat device. The cell model with double-sided SiO2 particle layers reported here can be used in varieties of thin film solar cells to further improve their performances. Project supported by the National High-Tech Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2011AA050518), the University Research Program of Guangxi Education Department, China (Grant No. LX2014288), and the Natural Science Foundation of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China (Grant No. 2013GXNSBA019014).

  3. Ultra-thin SiN{sub x} in superlattice via nitridation of a-Si in-situ hot wire chemical vapor deposition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rai, Dharmendra Kumar; Solanki, Chetan Singh; Balasubramaniam, K.R., E-mail: bala.kavaipatti@gmail.com

    2014-08-28

    The fabrication of ultra-thin SiN{sub x} (< 2 nm) is a necessary step in third generation photovoltaics, memory, or light-emitting diode applications. Using the low temperature, cheap, scaleable synthesis technique of hot-wire chemical vapor deposition (HWCVD) for this purpose poses many challenges. Here, an approach of fabricating ultra thin SiN{sub x} of thickness ∼ 1.9 nm in a superlattice (SL) structure via nitridation of a-Si layers in-situ HWCVD at 250 °C is reported. Quantum well SL and quantum dot (QD) SL films are realized, wherein SiN{sub x} layers are formed by nitriding a-Si. Both these films investigated by Raman spectroscopy and high resolution transmission electron microscopy, reveal the formation of ultra-thin SiN{sub x} in a SL structure with a-Si, accompanied by sharp interfaces. In addition, annealing of the SL structures, results in QDs of crystalline Si in the a-Si layers, maintaining the SiN{sub x} layer as well as the sharp interface between the SiN{sub x} and a-Si layers of the as-deposited SL structure. - Highlights: • Ultra thin SiN{sub x} is fabricated by hot wire chemical vapor deposition. • SiN{sub x} layer of thickness ∼ 1.9 nm is formed via nitridation of a-Si layer at 250 °C. • Ultra thin SiN{sub x} layers are realized in superlattice films of quantum wells and quantum dots.

  4. Valoración del testimonio en abuso sexual infantil (A.S.I.) The testimony assessment on sexual abuse on children

    OpenAIRE

    C. Jiménez Cortés; C. Martín Alonso

    2006-01-01

    La valoración del testimonio en A.S.I es uno de los temas más comprometidos de entre los que el psicólogo forense debe afrontar como parte de sus funciones, que consisten principalmente en la realización de los distintos peritajes psicológicos que encomiendan directamente los jueces y fiscales, o bien los abogados que representan a las partes litigantes en los procedimientos penales. En el caso de la valoración del testimonio en ASI recae una gran responsabilidad sobre el perito, ya que se tr...

  5. Comparison of the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) and the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs (GAIN) in Predicting the Effectiveness of Drug Treatment Programs for Pregnant and Postpartum Women

    OpenAIRE

    Coleman-Cowger, Victoria H.; Dennis, Michael L.; Funk, Rodney R.; Godley, Susan H.; Richard D. Lennox

    2012-01-01

    This study conducts a within-subject comparison of the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) and the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs (GAIN) to assess change in alcohol and other drug treatment outcomes for pregnant and postpartum women. Data are from 139 women who were pregnant or who had children under 11 months old and were admitted to residential drug treatment, then re-interviewed 6 months postdischarge (83% follow-up rate). The ASI and GAIN change measures were compared on their ability to...

  6. Jalons pour une anthropologie de l’éthique entrepreneuriale en Asie du Sud-Est Groundwork for an Anthropology of Entrepreneurial Ethics in South-East Asia

    OpenAIRE

    Ghislaine Gallenga; Jérôme Soldani

    2013-01-01

    L’éthique entrepreneuriale est une notion largement mobilisée dans le milieu des affaires et des entreprises en Asie du Sud-Est où elle est présentée le plus souvent comme un ensemble de préceptes moraux, idéologiques ou religieux que les acteurs locaux rassemblent sous le vocable « valeurs asiatiques ». L’objet de cette introduction est de replacer ces valeurs dans le contexte de l’entreprise à partir de quelques travaux fondateurs de ce sujet en Asie du Sud-Est. Nous verrons que le plus sou...

  7. Hubungan Pemberian ASI Eksklusif dengan Angka Kejadian Diare Akut pada Bayi Usia 0-1 Tahun di Puskesmas Kuranji Kota Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eka Putri Rahmadhani

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPemberian ASI eksklusif merupakan salah satu upaya untuk mencapai tumbuh kembang optimal dan terlindungi dari penyakit seperti diare. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan pemberian ASI eksklusif dengan angka kejadian diare akut pada bayi usia 0-1 tahun di Puskesmas Kuranji Kota Padang. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan secara observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel penelitian ini adalah bayi usia 0-1 tahun yang berkunjung ke posyandu di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Kuranji Kota Padang dengan menggunakan simple random sampling. Jumlah bayi dengan kelompok usia 0-5 bulan 29 hari sebanyak 69 orang (51,1% dan usia 6-12 bulan sebanyak 66 orang (48,9%. Dari hasil penelitian didapatkan bayi usia 0-5 bulan 29 hari yang masih mendapat ASI saja sebanyak 41 bayi (30,4% dan yang sudah mendapat campuran lain selain ASI sebanyak 28 bayi (20,7%. Jumlah bayi usia 6-12 bulan dengan ASI eksklusif sebanyak 34 bayi (25,2% dan 32 bayi lainnya (23,7% non ASI eksklusif. Sebanyak 57 bayi (42,2% pernah diare dan 78 bayi lainnya (57,8% tidak pernah. Analisis chi square mendapatkan p=0,001 dan hasil ini signifikan (p<0,5. Pemberian ASI eksklusif selama 6 bulan harus ditingkatkan karena mempunyai hubungan dengan angka kejadian diare akut.Kata kunci: Bayi, ASI Exclusif, diareAbstractExclusive breastfeeding is an effort to achieve optimal growth and development and can be protected from diarrhea. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of exclusive breastfeeding with the incidence of acute diarrhea in infants aged 0-1 years in the Kuranji Public Health Center Padang. This study conducted a cross sectional observational study. The sample was a baby aged 0-1 years who visited posyandu in the Kuranji Public Health Center working area using simple random sampling. The result showed 41 infants (30.4% aged 0-5 months 29 days which is still breastfed only and other than breast milk were 28 infants (20.7%. Number of 6-12 months

  8. Repensando el desarrollo colombiano para el siglo XXI: lecciones de 35 años de crecimiento del Sudeste Asiático

    OpenAIRE

    Clavijo Sergio

    1998-01-01

    Analiza cerca de 35 años de desarrollo del Sudeste Asiático durante 1965-98, revisando el desempeño en las áreas de crecimiento per cápita, escolaridad promedio, distribución del ingreso y se prevee un marco de referencia sobre los "factores comunes" de dicho desarrollo. Se realizan análisis comparativos por grupos de países: Japón, los "tigres asiáticos" (Corea, Taiwán, Singapur y Hong-Kong), los "nuevos tigres" (Malasia, Indonesia, y Tailandia) y los "mejores nuevos desarrollos"(China, Viet...

  9. Image-quality performance of an a-Si H-based X-ray imaging system for digital mammography

    CERN Document Server

    Darambara, D G; Speller, R D

    2002-01-01

    We have been investigating the potential of large area active matrix flat-panel a-Si : H imaging arrays for full-field digital X-ray mammography. To optimise the overall performance of such an imaging system under mammographic conditions, four different Gd sub 2 O sub 2 S : Tb phosphor screens (i.e. Lanex Fast-Back, Regular, Fine and MinR-2000) were employed and our full-field detector was integrated with the Feinfocus DIMA (Direct Magnification) PLUS MII mammographic unit. The spatial resolution and the image noise of the digital detector were measured and the X-ray imaging performance of the whole system was also evaluated with two mammographic phantoms. It was deduced from the results of this study that Regular screen offers the best compromise between sensitivity and spatial resolution and exhibits better overall image-quality performance than that of a conventional mammography system.

  10. Behavioral data of thin-film single junction amorphous silicon (a-Si) photovoltaic modules under outdoor long term exposure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kichou, Sofiane; Silvestre, Santiago; Nofuentes, Gustavo; Torres-Ramírez, Miguel; Chouder, Aissa; Guasch, Daniel

    2016-06-01

    Four years׳ behavioral data of thin-film single junction amorphous silicon (a-Si) photovoltaic (PV) modules installed in a relatively dry and sunny inland site with a Continental-Mediterranean climate (in the city of Jaén, Spain) are presented in this article. The shared data contributes to clarify how the Light Induced Degradation (LID) impacts the output power generated by the PV array, especially in the first days of exposure under outdoor conditions. Furthermore, a valuable methodology is provided in this data article permitting the assessment of the degradation rate and the stabilization period of the PV modules. Further discussions and interpretations concerning the data shared in this article can be found in the research paper "Characterization of degradation and evaluation of model parameters of amorphous silicon photovoltaic modules under outdoor long term exposure" (Kichou et al., 2016) [1]. PMID:26977439

  11. HUBUNGAN PEMBERIAN ASI PADA BAYI UMUR KURANG DARI 10 HARI DENGAN GEJALA POSTPARTUM BLUESDI KOTA BENGKULU TAHUN 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratna Dewi

    2013-03-01

    information, education and communication (IEC on the importance of breast­feeders alone since the first hour of birth to age 6 months in the mother on an ongoing basis from now on antenatal care, delivery, and postpartum by involving her husband and close family Key words: breast-feeders in infants age < 10 days, the symptoms of postpartum blues ABSTRAK Postpartum blues merupakan gangguan mental yang ringan pada ibu postpartum. Metode pemberian makanan bayi dapat berpengaruh secara timbal balik terhadap postpartum blues atau kesehatan mental ibu postpartum, dan gejala ini dapat menyebabkan tidak berhasilnya pemberian Air Susu lbu (ASI secara eksklusif. Hasil Riskesdas tahun 2010 di lndonesia pola menyusui pada bayi < 1 bulan 55,1% masih secara partial, dan di Propinsi Bengkulu tahun 2010 pemberian makanan prelakteaI52,9%. Prevalensi postpartum blues di beberapa negara antara 40-60% sedangkan kejadian postpartum blues di Bengkulu belum dilaporkan. Tujuan Penelitian: Untuk Mengetahui hubungan pemberian ASI pada bayi umur < 10 hari dengan gejala postpartum blues. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian observasional dengan rancangan cross sectional study Besar sampel berjumlah 97 ibu nifas dengan teknik accidental sampling. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah univariabel, bivariabel, dan multivariabel. Hasil: Analisis univariabel menemukan bahwa pemberian ASI pada bayi umur < 10 hari hampir sebagian bersifat partial breastfeeding (48,45%, dan hanya sebagian kecil yang full breastfeeding (19,59%, serta hampir sebagian ibu mengalami gejala postpartum blues (29,90%. Analisis bivaribel menunjukan bahwa Ada hubungan yang signifikan antara pemberian ASI pada bayi umur < 10 hari, paritas, dan dukungan sosial dengan gejala postpartum blues. Tetapi tidak ada hubungan antara jenis persalinan dengan gejala postpartum blues. Hasil analisis regresi logistitk menunjukan hubungan yang bermakna antara pola pemberian makanan dini pada bayi dengan gejala postpartum blues (OR = 4,47; 95% CI: 1

  12. Characterization of ion-assisted induced absorption in A-Si thin-films used for multivariate optical computing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nayak, Aditya B.; Price, James M.; Dai, Bin; Perkins, David; Chen, Ding Ding; Jones, Christopher M.

    2015-06-01

    Multivariate optical computing (MOC), an optical sensing technique for analog calculation, allows direct and robust measurement of chemical and physical properties of complex fluid samples in high-pressure/high-temperature (HP/HT) downhole environments. The core of this MOC technology is the integrated computational element (ICE), an optical element with a wavelength-dependent transmission spectrum designed to allow the detector to respond sensitively and specifically to the analytes of interest. A key differentiator of this technology is it uses all of the information present in the broadband optical spectrum to determine the proportion of the analyte present in a complex fluid mixture. The detection methodology is photometric in nature; therefore, this technology does not require a spectrometer to measure and record a spectrum or a computer to perform calculations on the recorded optical spectrum. The integrated computational element is a thin-film optical element with a specific optical response function designed for each analyte. The optical response function is achieved by fabricating alternating layers of high-index (a-Si) and low-index (SiO2) thin films onto a transparent substrate (BK7 glass) using traditional thin-film manufacturing processes (e.g., ion-assisted e-beam vacuum deposition). A proprietary software and process are used to control the thickness and material properties, including the optical constants of the materials during deposition to achieve the desired optical response function. The ion-assisted deposition is useful for controlling the densification of the film, stoichiometry, and material optical constants as well as to achieve high deposition growth rates and moisture-stable films. However, the ion-source can induce undesirable absorption in the film; and subsequently, modify the optical constants of the material during the ramp-up and stabilization period of the e-gun and ion-source, respectively. This paper characterizes the unwanted

  13. Changes of the temperature coefficients of the characteristics which accompany degradation and recovery of a-Si solar cells; A-Si taiyo denchi no hikari (denryu) rekka oyobi kaifuku ni tomonau tokusei ondo keisu no henka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yanagisawa, T.; Koyanagi, T.; Nakamura, K.; Takahisa, K.; Kojima, T. [electrotechnical Laboratory, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    Pursuant to the measuring of temperature dependency of the characteristics such as conversion efficiency, during the process of degradation in a-Si solar cells due to light and electric current and the process of recovery by annealing, this paper describes changes in temperature coefficients, correlation between the characteristic parameters and the degradation, and the results of the examination of their characteristics. The conversion efficiency {mu} degraded approximately by 45% of the initial value each by the irradiation under a light intensity with 3 SUN accelerated and by the infusion of current at 20mA/cm{sup 2}; and then, the efficiency recovered to 70-75% of the degradation by subsequent annealing. In addition, in the temperature dependency at 80{degree}C against at 20{degree}C, Isc slightly increased while Vcc greatly decreased. This slight increase in Isc was mainly due to the decrease in the width of the forbidden band, while the decrease in Vcc was due to the increase in the reverse saturation current. The temperature dependency of {mu}N was negative, becoming small in accordance with the degradation. The temperature dependency of FF/FFO was negative initially both in light and current, but it decreased with the degradation and turned to positive. The temperature coefficients of I-V parameters reversibly changed corresponding to the degradation and recovery of these parameters and stayed in a good correlation. 7 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

  14. De la crisis asiática a la crisis inmobiliaria: los debates actuales sobre la arquitectura financiera internacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antulio Rosales

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El proceso de globalización neoliberal ha implicado la propagación de las finanzas internacionales como un mecanismo de acumulación ya no auxiliar a la economía real-productiva, sino como un negocio en sí mismo. La financiarización ha elevado los riesgos y vulnerabilidades de la economía mundial, cada vez más sujetas a crisis. Asimismo, la Arquitectura Financiera Internacional (AFI se encuentra bajo escrutinio por su cuestionada capacidad para enfrentar tales crisis. Este artículo analiza los debates actuales sobre la reforma de la AFI en el contexto de las crisis financieras de la última década. De la crisis asiática de finales del siglo XX a la crisis inmobiliaria de finales de 2000, el G-20 surge como principal foro político para el avance de reformas y, por otro lado, emergen áreas de influencia regional bajo el liderazgo de potencias emergentes.

  15. Tetrahedral tilting and ferroelectricity in Bi2AO5 (A=Si, Ge) from first principles calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Janghee; Kim, Bog G.; Mori, Shigeo; Oguchi, Tamio

    2016-03-01

    The properties of a tetrahedron containing Bi2AO5 (A=Si, Ge) are examined using Ab initio calculations and symmetry mode analysis. Stabilization of the polar phase is observed in both compounds with a monoclinic Cc phase. In the monoclinic ground state, the tilting angle (ϕ1) of tetrahedron is 7.21° and 21.94° for the Si and Ge compound, respectively. The relationship between a primary order parameter and the tetrahedral tilting is identified and an analytical formula between them is proposed by analyzing the structure. The detailed layer-by-layer polarization calculations shows that the main polarization component originates from the tetrahedron tilting of the AO4 unit, and the analytical relationship between the primary order parameter and spontaneous polarization is also calculated. This B3LYP hybrid functional calculation provides a band gap of 4.44 eV and 4.18 eV for Bi2SiO5 and Bi2GeO5, respectively. The main difference between the two compounds is also analyzed based on the electronic structure and electron localization function analysis.

  16. Improvement of Varian a-Si EPID dosimetry measurements using a lead-shielded support-arm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dosimetry measurements with Varian amorphous silicon electronic portal imaging devices (a-Si EPIDs) are affected by the backscattered radiation from the EPID support arm. In this study, the nonuniform backscatter from an E-type support arm was reduced by fixing a thick (12.2 × 10.5 × 0.5 cm3) piece of lead on top of the arm, and the remaining backscatter was modeled and included in an existing dose prediction algorithm. The applied backscatter kernel was the average of kernels on different regions of the EPID over the arm. The lead-shielded arm reduced the nonuniform backscatter component by about 50% for field sizes ranging from 3 × 3 to 30 × 30 cm2 and the field symmetry improved for medium to large fields up to 3%. Gamma evaluation of the measured and modeled doses (2%, 2-mm criteria) showed that using the lead-shielded arm in the model increased the number of points with Gamma index <1 by 5.7% and decreased the mean Gamma by 0.201. Even using the lead alone (no modeling) could increase the number of points with Gamma index <1 by 4.7% and decrease the mean Gamma by 0.153. This is a simple and easy method to decrease the nonuniform arm backscatter and improve the accuracy of dosimetry measurements with the existing EPIDs used for clinical applications.

  17. Guidelines for sustainable tourism planning in the township of San Francisco de Asis (Acandi Municipality, Choco, Colombia)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents important management guidelines for conducting a tourism planning process in the township of San Francisco de Asis, which were developed from the conceptual notion of sustainable tourism and participation of local people. This case considered the participatory research method, used ethnography techniques and implemented shops with the community. As a main result proposed the consolidation of four components, socio- political, socio- cultural, social- ecological and socio- economic; that must be managed in an integrated fashion to achieve real sustainable tourism in this territory. In the first component outlines an participatory process that must take place between the various stake holders; in the second considered strengthen the social tissue and valuing cultural traditions to adequately integrate tourism activities; the third proposes an integrated environmental conservation in the whole territory and as an obligation of all stake holders, including to tourists; finally, in the fourth component, recommend the creation of more opportunities and general welfare for the entire local population in order to prevent the growth of tourism segregated. As a general conclusion will projected that the implementation of these guidelines permitted advance, from the practical, in the development of a truly sustainable tourism that help improve the living conditions of local people and conserve valuable natural and cultural resources that exist in this territory.

  18. Results of the ASY-EOS experiment at GSI: The symmetry energy at supra-saturation density

    CERN Document Server

    Russotto, P; Kupny, S; Lasko, P; Acosta, L; Adamczyk, M; Al-Ajlan, A; Al-Garawi, M; Al-Homaidhi, S; Amorini, F; Auditore, L; Aumann, T; Ayyad, Y; Basrak, Z; Benlliure, J; Boisjoli, M; Boretzky, K; Brzychczyk, J; Budzanowski, A; Caesar, C; Cardella, G; Cammarata, P; Chajecki, Z; Chartier, M; Chbihi, A; Colonna, M; Cozma, M D; Czech, B; De Filippo, E; Di Toro, M; Famiano, M; Gašparić, I; Grassi, L; Guazzoni, C; Guazzoni, P; Heil, M; Heilborn, L; Introzzi, R; Isobe, T; Kezzar, K; Kiš, M; Krasznahorkay, A; Kurz, N; La Guidara, E; Lanzalone, G; Fèvre, A Le; Leifels, Y; Lemmon, R C; Li, Q F; Lombardo, I; Lukasik, J; Lynch, W G; Marini, P; Matthews, Z; May, L; Minniti, T; Mostazo, M; Pagano, A; Pagano, E V; Papa, M; Pawlowski, P; Pirrone, S; Politi, G; Porto, F; Reviol, W; Riccio, F; Rizzo, F; Rosato, E; Rossi, D; Santoro, S; Sarantites, D G; Simon, H; Skwirczynska, I; Sosin, Z; Stuhl, L; Trautmann, W; Trifirò, A; Trimarchi, M; Tsang, M B; Verde, G; Veselsky, M; Vigilante, M; Wang, Yongjia; Wieloch, A; Wigg, P; Winkelbauer, J; Wolter, H H; Wu, P; Yennello, S; Zambon, P; Zetta, L; Zoric, M

    2016-01-01

    Directed and elliptic flows of neutrons and light charged particles were measured for the reaction 197Au+197Au at 400 MeV/nucleon incident energy within the ASY-EOS experimental campaign at the GSI laboratory. The detection system consisted of the Large Area Neutron Detector LAND, combined with parts of the CHIMERA multidetector, of the ALADIN Time-of-flight Wall, and of the Washington-University Microball detector. The latter three arrays were used for the event characterization and reaction-plane reconstruction. In addition, an array of triple telescopes, KRATTA, was used for complementary measurements of the isotopic composition and flows of light charged particles. From the comparison of the elliptic flow ratio of neutrons with respect to charged particles with UrQMD predictions, a value \\gamma = 0.72 \\pm 0.19 is obtained for the power-law coefficient describing the density dependence of the potential part in the parametrization of the symmetry energy. It represents a new and more stringent constraint for...

  19. Le déclassement stratégique français et européen en Asie-Pacifique

    OpenAIRE

    Bondaz, Antoine

    2014-01-01

    L’Asie-Pacifique est le nouvel "épicentre de la confrontation stratégique mondiale" du fait notamment de l’impact de l’émergence chinoise, du repositionnement américain ou encore de problèmes de sécurité traditionnels et non traditionnels. La France et l’Union européenne manquent aujourd’hui d’une stratégie claire et cohérente vis-à-vis de l’Asie-Pacifique et courent le risque du déclassement. France and the EU, strategic downgraded powers of the Asia-Pacific - The Asia-Paci...

  20. Hubungan Status Gizi Bayi dengan Pemberian ASI Ekslusif, Tingkat Pendidikan Ibu dan Status Ekonomi Keluarga di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Padang Pasir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aisyah Nilakesuma

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakStatus gizi merupakan salah satu tolak ukur untuk menilai perkembangan kesehatan bayi. Banyak faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi status gizi seorang bayi, diantaranya pemberian ASI ekslusif, tingkat pendidikan ibu dan status ekonomi keluarga. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat hubungan antara status gizi bayi dengan pemberian ASI ekslusif, tingkat pendidikan ibu dan status ekonomi keluarga. Telah dilakukan penelitian Cross Sectional Analytic di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Padang Pasir. Data diambil melalui pengukuran langsung berat badan/tinggi badan dan wawancara dengan kuesioner terhadap 107 responden, kemudian dianalisis dengan uji chi square. Hasil penelitian terhadap 107 bayi didapatkan sebanyak 82,2% bayi berstatus gizi normal dan hanya 18,7% bayi yang diberi ASI ekslusif, sedangkan terhadap ibu diperoleh data: 76,6% berpendidikan tinggi dan 80,4% merupakan keluarga tidak miskin. Bayi yang mendapat ASI ekslusif 80% berstatus gizi normal. Menurut tingkat pendidikan ibu, didapatkan 82,9% bayi berstatus gizi normal memiliki ibu berpendidikan tinggi. Sedangkan menurut status ekonomi keluarga, bayi yang berada pada keluarga tidak miskin sebanyak 83,7% berstatus gizi normal.Kata kunci: status gizi, ASI ekslusif, tingkat pendidikan ibu, status ekonomi keluargaAbstractNutritional status is one yardstick for assessing health an infant development. There are many factors that can influence the nutritional status of infant, which are exclusive breastfeeding, mother educational status, and economic status of family. This research aimed to determine the relationship between infant nutritional status exclusive breastfeeding, mother educational status, and economic status of family. The research has been conducted about the relationship between infant nutritional status with exclusive breastfeeding, mother educational status, and economic status of family in working area of Padang Pasir Health Care. Data were taken by measurement directly for

  1. Controle e progresso temporal da ferrugem asiática da soja sob controle alternativo em campo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.M. Mesquini

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o controle e o progresso temporal da ferrugem asiática da soja, causada por Phakopsora pachyrhizi, sob manejo com tratamentos alternativos. Para isso, implementou-se um ensaio em delineamento de blocos completos com tratamentos ao acaso, com 4 repetições, em Itambé-PR, durante a safra 2007/2008. Os tratamentos alternativos foram: biomassa cítrica, extrato bruto e óleo essencial de Eucalyptus citriodora e grãos de kefir. Avaliou-se também o controle químico com azoxistrobina + ciproconazole + adjuvante 0,5 v/v e a testemunha. Para comparação dos tratamentos utilizou-se a severidade da doença (em cinco avaliações, a área abaixo da curva de progresso da doença (AACPD, a taxa de progresso da doença, a produtividade e o peso de mil grãos. Foram constatadas diferenças significativas (Pd"0,05 para as avaliações de severidade, para AACPD e para a taxa de progresso da doença. De modo geral, dentre os tratamentos alternativos, a biomassa cítrica e os grãos de kefir apresentaram os maiores índices de controle e menores taxas de progresso da doença, superando os tratamentos com extrato bruto e óleo essencial de E. citriodora. Porém, o tratamento com azoxistrobina + ciproconazole foi mais eficiente para controle e proporcionou as menores taxas de progresso quando comparado aos tratamentos alternativos.

  2. Racines d’une Kulturpolitik : une mission scientifique prussienne dans l’Asie Mineure ottomane (1841-1842

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ségolène Débarre

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available L’objet de cet article est d’analyser l’implication étatique de la Prusse dans les voyages scientifiques en Orient au cours du XIXe siècle. En étudiant plus particulièrement une mission effectuée de 1841 à 1842 par trois savants prussiens en Asie Mineure, nous montrerons que l’imbrication des domaines scientifiques et politiques, qui caractérise la Kulturpolitik après 1870 (Marchand, 2003 : 191, a des racines anciennes. Illustrant le rôle joué par les études classiques dans l’exploration de l’Orient, cette mission, contemporaine de celle de Richard Lepsius en Égypte, participe de la diffusion d’un discours orientaliste qui prend progressivement en Allemagne, après la révolution de 1848, des accents expansionnistes.Der Text untersucht das staatliche Engagement Preußens für wissenschaftliche Orientreisen im 19. Jahrhundert. Am Beispiel der Forschungsreise dreier preußischer Gelehrter nach Kleinasien (1841-1842 wird gezeigt, dass die Wurzeln der Verflechtung von Wissenschaft und Politik, die ab 1870 die Kulturpolitik des Reiches charakterisiert (Marchand, 2003: 191, weit zurückreichen. Die Reise, die zeitgleich mit der Expedition des Altertumsforschers Richard Lepsius nach Ägypten verläuft, zeigt die Bedeutung der klassischen Altertumswissenschaften für die Erforschung des Orients. Sie trägt zur Verbreitung eines orientalistischen Diskurses bei, der sich nach 1848 zunehmend um expansionistische Tendenzen anreichert.

  3. Cloning and soluble expression of β-carotene converting enzyme (Asy) gene from Phaffia rhodozyma%法夫酵母β-胡萝卜素转化酶(Asy)基因的克隆及可溶性表达研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹樱; 蔡慧农; 李利君; 倪辉; 苏文金

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] We cloned the cDNA of P-carotene converting enzyme gene (asy) from Phaffia rhodozyma 7B12, a high astaxanthin-producing strain, and expressed the recombi-nant pET32-asy in E. coli BL21(DE3). Our work could lead to an important use for the study of Asy properties and further applications in vitro. [Methods] Using RACE method, we cloned the asy cDNA from Phaffia rhodozyma 7B12, and constructed recombinant plasmid pET32-asy. After optimizing the temperature and IPTG concentration, the soluble expression of Asy was achieved in E. coli BL21(DE3). pET32-asy and pACCAR16Acrtx which carried the genes chain on the synthesis of beta-carotene by acetyl CoA were co-transformed into E. coli BL21(DE3), and the changes of carotenoid species were analyzed by HPLC to detect the activity of Asy. [Results] The homology between new cloned cDNA sequence of asy gene (accession No. HM204708.1) and the only reported asy mRNA sequence (accession No. DQ002007.1) was 97%. The obtained cDNA was 1 971 bp in length, the longest open reading frame was 1 614 bp encoding 538 amino acids, and therefore the fusion protein expressed in E. coli BL21(DE3) was about 70 kD. At the optimizing condition (induced by 0.5 mmol/L IPTG, at 26 癈, 5 h), 85% fusion protein expressed by recombinant pET32-asy was soluble. Compared the components of pigment in the E. coli strain only transformed with pAC-CAR16Acrtx with the strain co-transformed with pACCAR16Acrtx and pET32-asy, we found some changes of carotenoid components. The peak presented a-carotene was disappeared and three new peaks were shown, suggested that p-cryptoxanthin which is one of themetabolic intermediates between P-carotene and astaxanthin were produced because of Asy expression. [Conclusion] Astaxanthin synthase cDNA was cloned from Phaffia rhodozyma 7B12 and the soluble expression of astaxanthin synthase in E. coli BL21(DE3) was obtained. The fusion protein had a certain activity to transform p-carotene.%[目的]从高

  4. ASI法速测土壤指标与植物N吸收的相关性研究%Study on Correlation between an Index of Soil N Supply Rapidly Determined by ASI Method and Plant N Uptake

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵洁; 王莉; 王永刚; 戴继光

    2012-01-01

    本研究选用ASI法对山西褐土41个、河南潮土73个、辽宁棕壤43个、黑龙江黑土69个土样进行了土壤硝态N(ASI-NO3--N)、铵态N(ASI-NH4+-N)、碱溶有机质(ASI-OM)的测定,同时用常规方法测定了碱解N和有机质。并对测定值进行了相关性分析。同时选取土壤进行盆栽试验以验证ASI法测定值与植物吸N量的相关性。结果表明:四类土壤ASI-NO3--N与碱解N测定结果达到了极显著相关(褐土r=0.89**,潮土r=0.79**,棕壤r=0.90**,r=0.47**),四类土壤ASI-OM与常规方法有机质测定结果均达到了极显著正相关(褐土r=0.92**,潮土r=0.88**,棕壤r=0.93**,黑土r=0.96**),ASI-NH4+-N与碱解N测定结果也均达到了极显著正相关(褐土r=0.76**,潮土r=0.64**,棕壤r=0.97**,黑土r=0.61**)。褐土、棕壤土壤ASI-NO3--N含量与植物吸N量呈极显著正相关(P〈0.01),潮土、黑土土壤ASI-NO3--N含量与植物吸N量呈显著正相关(P〈0.05)。褐土、棕壤土壤ASI-NH4+-N含量与植物吸N量呈显著正相关(P〈0.05),潮土、黑土土壤ASI-NH4+-N含量与植物吸N量相关性不显著(P〉0.05)。除褐土土壤ASI-OM含量与植物吸N量呈显著正相关外(P〈0.05),潮土、棕壤、黑土土壤ASI-OM含量与植物吸N量相关性不显著(P〉0.05)。%In this study, contents of nitrate, ammonium nitrogen and alkali-soluble organic matter in the cinnamon soil from Shanxi (41 samples), in the fluvo-aqnic soil from Henan (73 samples), in the brown soil from Liaoning (43 samples) and in the black soil from Heilongjiang (69 samples) were measured by the ASI method and the conventional method, and the correlation analysis was carried out on measured values. Simultaneously, this study confirmed the correlation characteristics between the measured value of nitrogen by ASI method and the amounts of nitrogen uptake by plant

  5. Euroopa asi / Jaanus Noormets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noormets, Jaanus

    2006-01-01

    Euroopa Filmiakadeemia andis Euroopa 2006.a. parima filmi auhinna sakslase Florian Henckel von Donnersmarcki filmile "Teiste elu" ("Das Leben der Anderen"), mille peaosaline Ulrich Mühe sai parima meesnäitleja auhinna. Parim režissöör oli Pedro Almodovar, kelle filmi "Volver" näitleja Penelope Cruz sai ka parima naisnäitleja auhinna. Lisatud nimekiri "Valik tänavusi Euroopa filmiauhindade võitjaid

  6. Eesti asi / Elen Luht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luht, Elen

    2013-01-01

    Kaili Milki ja Kristiina Joosti disainitud padjapüürid, Sabina Kaukise kruusid, Monika Järgi vildist hoiukorvid, Terje Taltsi käsitöökalender, Mari Kõrgesaare laualamp, Ahto Sibula korterinumbriga vaas, Taavi Kuninga riidepuu Robi, Merilin Liblika sojavahast küünlad, Marko Ala lambid

  7. Parameter variation of the one-diode model of a-Si and a- Si/μc-Si solar cells for modeling light-induced degradation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For analyzing the long-term behavior of thin film a-Si/μc-Si photovoltaic modules, it is important to observe the light-induced degradation (LID) in dependence of the temperature for the parameters of the one-diode model for solar cells. According to the IEC 61646 standard, the impact of LID on module parameters of these thin film cells is determined at a constant temperature of 50°C with an irradiation of 1000 W/m2 at open circuit conditions. Previous papers examined the LID of thin film a-Si cells with different temperatures and some others are about a-Si/μc-Si. In these previous papers not all parameters of the one-diode model are examined. We observed the serial resistance (Rs), parallel resistance (Rp), short circuit current (Isc), open circuit voltage (Uoc), the maximum power point (MPP: Umpp, Impp and Pmpp) and the diode factor (n). Since the main reason for the LID of silicon-based thin films is the Staebler Wronski effect in the a-Si part of the cell, the temperature dependence of the healing of defects for all parameters of the one-diode model is also taken into account. We are also measuring modules with different kind of transparent conductive oxides: In a-Si thin film solar cells fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) is used and for thin film solar cells of a-Si/μc-Si boron- doped zinc oxide is used. In our work we describe an approach for transferring the parameters of a one-diode model for tandem thin film solar cells into the one-diode model for each part of the solar cell. The measurement of degradation and regeneration at higher temperatures is the necessary base for optimization of the different silicon-based thin films in warm hot climate

  8. Physical and tribological properties of a-Si1-xCx:H coatings prepared by r.f. plama-assisted chemical vapour deposition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A-Si1-xCx:H films deposited by r.f. plasma-assisted chemical vapour deposition were studied as a function of their composition. The friction and wear properties were investigated with the help of a conventional ball-on-disc apparatus. These results are correlated with chemical (Si/C atomic ratio) and structural (Raman and infrared spectroscopy) properties. The friction coefficient in a humid ambient atmosphere changes markedly with the carbon fraction and reaches a value as low as 0.05 for coatings with 70 to 90 at.% C. The carbon-rich films consist of diamond-like carbon with silicon. (orig.)

  9. SU-E-I-86: Ultra-Low Dose Computed Tomography Attenuation Correction for Pediatric PET CT Using Adaptive Statistical Iterative Reconstruction (ASiR™)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brady, S; Shulkin, B [St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States)

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: To develop ultra-low dose computed tomography (CT) attenuation correction (CTAC) acquisition protocols for pediatric positron emission tomography CT (PET CT). Methods: A GE Discovery 690 PET CT hybrid scanner was used to investigate the change to quantitative PET and CT measurements when operated at ultra-low doses (10–35 mAs). CT quantitation: noise, low-contrast resolution, and CT numbers for eleven tissue substitutes were analyzed in-phantom. CT quantitation was analyzed to a reduction of 90% CTDIvol (0.39/3.64; mGy) radiation dose from baseline. To minimize noise infiltration, 100% adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR) was used for CT reconstruction. PET images were reconstructed with the lower-dose CTAC iterations and analyzed for: maximum body weight standardized uptake value (SUVbw) of various diameter targets (range 8–37 mm), background uniformity, and spatial resolution. Radiation organ dose, as derived from patient exam size specific dose estimate (SSDE), was converted to effective dose using the standard ICRP report 103 method. Effective dose and CTAC noise magnitude were compared for 140 patient examinations (76 post-ASiR implementation) to determine relative patient population dose reduction and noise control. Results: CT numbers were constant to within 10% from the non-dose reduced CTAC image down to 90% dose reduction. No change in SUVbw, background percent uniformity, or spatial resolution for PET images reconstructed with CTAC protocols reconstructed with ASiR and down to 90% dose reduction. Patient population effective dose analysis demonstrated relative CTAC dose reductions between 62%–86% (3.2/8.3−0.9/6.2; mSv). Noise magnitude in dose-reduced patient images increased but was not statistically different from pre dose-reduced patient images. Conclusion: Using ASiR allowed for aggressive reduction in CTAC dose with no change in PET reconstructed images while maintaining sufficient image quality for co

  10. Desenvolvimento e avaliação das propriedades psicométricas da versão brasileira do Addiction Severity Index 6 (ASI-6 Light

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lídia Reis Fernandes

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo Desenvolver e avaliar as propriedades psicométricas de uma versão brasileira reduzida do Addiction Severity Index 6 Light (ASI-6 Light previamente proposta com base em um estudo de validação dos construtos do instrumento e desenvolver os novos escores de cada área do instrumento baseados na Teoria de Resposta ao Item (TRI. Métodos Foram entrevistados 200 sujeitos, 100 com uso problemático de álcool e outras drogas e 100 sem uso problemático. Foram calculados os escores dos indivíduos com base na TRI. As propriedades psicométricas foram avaliadas pela correlação entre os escores do ASI-6 Light e do Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST, padrão-ouro do estudo. Foram avaliados os índices de sensibilidade e especificidade. Resultados Foi encontrada alta correlação entre os escores da área “álcool” do ASI-6 Light e os escores do ASSIST em relação ao álcool (r = 0,79, correlações moderadas em relação ao tabaco (r = 0,47 e cocaína/crack (r = 0,44 e baixa (r = 0,39 em relação à maconha. Ao correlacionarem-se os escores do ASSIST e os escores da área “drogas” do ASI-6 Light, obteve-se alta correlação em relação à cocaína/crack (r = 0,85, correlações moderadas em relação ao tabaco (r = 0,57 e maconha (r = 0,68 e baixa (r = 0,29 em relação ao álcool. A área sob a curva ROC da área “álcool” foi de 0,93 e a da área “drogas” foi de 0,88. Conclusão Boas evidências de validade das áreas “álcool” e “drogas” foram apresentadas. Essa nova versão tornou-se um instrumento de fácil manejo e de rápida aplicação, contendo os itens que melhor avaliam a gravidade de problemas.

  11. SU-E-I-86: Ultra-Low Dose Computed Tomography Attenuation Correction for Pediatric PET CT Using Adaptive Statistical Iterative Reconstruction (ASiR™)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To develop ultra-low dose computed tomography (CT) attenuation correction (CTAC) acquisition protocols for pediatric positron emission tomography CT (PET CT). Methods: A GE Discovery 690 PET CT hybrid scanner was used to investigate the change to quantitative PET and CT measurements when operated at ultra-low doses (10–35 mAs). CT quantitation: noise, low-contrast resolution, and CT numbers for eleven tissue substitutes were analyzed in-phantom. CT quantitation was analyzed to a reduction of 90% CTDIvol (0.39/3.64; mGy) radiation dose from baseline. To minimize noise infiltration, 100% adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR) was used for CT reconstruction. PET images were reconstructed with the lower-dose CTAC iterations and analyzed for: maximum body weight standardized uptake value (SUVbw) of various diameter targets (range 8–37 mm), background uniformity, and spatial resolution. Radiation organ dose, as derived from patient exam size specific dose estimate (SSDE), was converted to effective dose using the standard ICRP report 103 method. Effective dose and CTAC noise magnitude were compared for 140 patient examinations (76 post-ASiR implementation) to determine relative patient population dose reduction and noise control. Results: CT numbers were constant to within 10% from the non-dose reduced CTAC image down to 90% dose reduction. No change in SUVbw, background percent uniformity, or spatial resolution for PET images reconstructed with CTAC protocols reconstructed with ASiR and down to 90% dose reduction. Patient population effective dose analysis demonstrated relative CTAC dose reductions between 62%–86% (3.2/8.3−0.9/6.2; mSv). Noise magnitude in dose-reduced patient images increased but was not statistically different from pre dose-reduced patient images. Conclusion: Using ASiR allowed for aggressive reduction in CTAC dose with no change in PET reconstructed images while maintaining sufficient image quality for co

  12. El Estado de la cuestión de la investigación sobre las comunidades asiáticas en España

    OpenAIRE

    Beltrán Antolín, Joaquín; Betrisey Nadali, Deborah; López Sala, Ana María; Saiz López, Amelia

    2006-01-01

    La investigación sobre las comunidades asiáticas en España se caracteriza por la escasez de su producción y la urgente necesidad de abordar la larga historia y creciente protagonismo de su asentamiento. Este objeto de investigación constituye un campo abierto, un territorio por explorar casi virgen, a pesar de la existencia de unas bases y de trabajos pioneros dispersos en el tiempo y en el espacio. La comunidad india despertó una atención más temprana, a la que siguió la fi...

  13. VALENCY ELECTRON CONTROL IN A GLOW DISCHARGE PRODUCED a-SiC : H AND ITS APPLICATION TO a-Si SOLAR CELL

    OpenAIRE

    Tawada, Y.; Kondo, M; Okamoto, H.; Hamakawa, Y.

    1981-01-01

    A clear valency electron controlability has been found in hydrogenated amorphous silicon carbide produced by the plasma deposition of [SiH4 (1-x) + CH4 (x)] gas mixture. A series of experimental investigation on electrical, optical and optoelectronic properties in the amorphous silicon carbide has been made. Emplying a-SiC : H as a wide gap window material in p-i-n a-Si solar cell, more than 7.5% conversion efficiency has been obtained with Jsc=13.45mA/ cm2, Voc=0.909volts and FF=0.617.

  14. "Quise entonces fumar": El opio en César Vallejo y Pablo Neruda: rutas asiáticas de experimentación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Leal

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available César Vallejo y Pablo Neruda fuman el opio cuando están escribiendo Trilce (1922 y Residencia en la tierra (1935, respectivamente. No mencionan la droga en sus colecciones, pero ambos escriben al margen de su obra literaria textos sobre su experiencia narcótica: un cuento-testimonio, en Vallejo; confesiones y memorias, en Neruda. Los dos poetas igualmente describen al opio como una puerta de valoración de lo asiático, sus costumbres y habitantes. Por medio del análisis de los escritos sobre el opio de Vallejo en su cuento "Cera" de Escalas melografiadas (1923 y de Neruda en su poema "El opio en el Este" de Memorial de Isla negra (1964, este artículo investiga, por un lado, los conceptos estéticos que se revelan en las relaciones del opio con la escritura de estos poetas, y por otro lado, las relaciones del opio con lo asiático que establecen los escritores como una forma de definir sus concepciones políticas.

  15. Determination of hydrogen concentration in a-Si and a-Ge layers by elastic recoil detection analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Compete text of publication follows. Hydrogenated amorphous Si and Ge films are of current interest in academic and industrial research due to their unique physical properties and important applications. The incorporation of hydrogen in the amorphous network is an accepted means for reducing the density of defect states in the midgap. The passivation of dangling-bonds leads to a significant improvement in the electronic and optical properties of these layers. However, hydrogen is also suspected to degrade the performance of amorphous Si and Ge material and devices. Several studies related to hydrogen motion have been proposed to explain the light and thermal degradation effect in these layers. Thus to improve the performance and reliability of these devices, it is crucially important to understand the role of hydrogen in amorphous layers. In our previous works the structural changes of hydrogenated a-Si/Ge multilayers as a function of annealing condition was investigated. It was shown that during annealing the samples underwent significant structural changes. Due to the fast out-diffusion of hydrogen from the layers prepared with high (6 ml/min) H2 flow rate, bubbles and craters were created on the surface. However, in the multilayer samples prepared with hydrogen flow rate lower than 6 ml/min the macroscopic degradation by formation bubbles and craters was more moderated. The diffusion measurement shows that in these samples the structural degradation and intermixing of layers was slower than in the non-hydrogenated samples. As it was suggested the hydrogen can inactivate the dangling bonds of amorphous layers and, as a result of this, the intermixing slows down. It was also predicted that the hydrogen first released from the Ge layers because of the lower binding energy. In this work, we have studied the individual a-Si and a-Ge hydrogenated layers prepared by RF sputtering on Si (100) substrates. The absolute value of atomic content of the H was determined by

  16. New devices Si-rich and C-rich a-Si1−xCx thin films gas sensors based

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: •Elaboration of Si-rich and C-rich thin films of amorphous silicon carbide. •Using a co-sputtering d.c magnetron of Si target and different 32–86 of 6H–SiC sprigs. •Structural and optical properties has been performed with applications in environmental field. •Different devices structures based on thin films have been investigated as gas sensor. -- Abstract: In this paper, we present an experimental study on elaboration of Si-rich and C-rich thin films of hydrogenated amorphous silicon carbide (a-Si1−xCx:H) using a DC magnetron co-sputtering of Si single crystal target on which are deposited different polycrystalline 6H–SiC sprigs varying from 32 to 86, with dimension of 10 × 5 mm2. A comparative study of structural and optical properties has been performed and its applications in environmental field. The a-Si1−xCx:H films were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV–visible-NIR spectrophotometry, infrared absorption spectroscopy, secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), and photoluminescence. The measured optical gap of a-Si1−xCx:H thin films depend on the carbon concentration with x varying from 0.18 to 0.30. This can be probably explained by the changes of Sp3 (silicon or film with low carbon content) to sp2 (high carbon content) configuration. Finally, different devices structures based the thin films have been investigated as gas sensors as Pd/a-Si0.72C0.28:H with a good sensitivity of CO2 and H2 gases at low bias voltage ranging from 0.05 to 0.26 volt, respectively and a low response time of 29 s and 25 s was obtained at 165 ppm of the used gases, with a recovery time of 32 s and 23 s for CO2 and H2 gases, respectively

  17. Le site d’Ajakagytma et le complexe culturel de Kel’teminar au sein des processus de néolithisation en Asie centrale

    OpenAIRE

    Brunet, Frédérique; Hudžanazarov, Muhiddin; Szymczak, Karol

    2014-01-01

    La recherche menée dans le cadre de la MAFANAC s’intéresse au Néolithique et plus largement à la période des processus de néolithisation qui voit à partir de la fin du Pléistocène, en Asie centrale, l’émergence de profondes et multiples modifications dans les domaines culturel, technique, économique, social et symbolique. En Ouzbékistan, l’étude réalisée en partenariat avec l’Institut d’archéologie de l’Académie des sciences de cette République (Samarcande) est focalisée sur le Néolithique de...

  18. Influence of baking on the photoluminescence spectra of In1-x Gax Asy P1-y solid solutions grown on Inp substrates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The influence of thermal treatments on the photoluminescence spectra of In1-x Gax Asy P1-y epitaxial layers of various compositions grown by LPE on In P substrates has been studied. To prevent the epitaxial layers from degradation, due to phosphor evaporation during the baking, their surface was covered by spin-on SiO2 layers. The photoluminescence spectra did not change for solid solutions whose compositions were near In P and InGaAs. For compositions in the middle of the lattice-matched region, the variations were very noticeable because the appearance of additional peaks in the luminescence spectra. This could be related to the decomposition of those solid solutions whose compositions lie inside a theoretically predicted miscibility gap. (Author)

  19. Nuevos actores en las relaciones internacionales: movimientos islámicos en las Repúblicas Centrales Asiáticas y Afganistán

    OpenAIRE

    Stanganelli, Isabel Cecilia

    2004-01-01

    En Asia Central en general y específicamente en las Repúblicas Centrales Asiáticas, el Islam ha entrado en el escenario político e ideológico como un importante actor en los desarrollos regionales de la última década. Desde la década del 80 afloraron sentimientos religiosos descritos como renacimiento islámico que en realidad son parte de un proceso de re-islamización de la sociedad. La confusión conceptual referida a los talibán y Al-Qaeda parece haber quedado atrás a partir de S-11. Sin emb...

  20. Electron g-factor study in Ga1−xInxAsySb1−y–GaSb and GaSb–Ga1−xInxAsySb1−y–GaSb quaternary alloy semiconductor spherical quantum dots

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Within an interpolation scheme, we have determined the electron g-factor and the Kane interband energetic parameter of Ga1−xInxAsySb1−y–GaSb semiconductors quaternary alloy and used them to determine the electron g-factor in GaSb–Ga1−xInxAsySb1−y–GaSb spherical quantum dots (SQDs) as well as to calculate the Landau levels. In the low-dimensional systems a framework of an eight-band effective-mass model in which the contribution of the conduction remote bands and the k-vector · p-vector mixing between the conduction band Γc6 and the valence bands Γv8 and Γv7 states are considered. Our results show that the dependence of the bulk electron g-factor as a function of x can be fit with a cubic polynomial. We have established a relation between the electron g-factor and both the radius and the indium concentration in GaSb–Ga1−xInxAsySb1−y–GaSb SQDs. For these quaternary SQDs with a parabolic confining potential we have found that the difference between the electron energy levels corresponding to spin-up and spin-down states is larger (∼ 10 meV) than the corresponding states in GaAs–(Ga, Al)As quantum wells (QWs) (∼ 0.2 meV) of comparable dimensions and increases with the applied magnetic field

  1. Espectro de gotas de pulverização e controle da ferrugem-asiática-da-soja em cultivares com diferentes arquiteturas de planta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Paula Debortoli

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar o espectro de gotas de pulverização ideal para o controle da ferrugem-asiática-da-soja (Phakopsora pachyrhizi, em cultivares com diferentes arquiteturas de planta. O experimento foi conduzido na safra de 2009/2010. A aplicação de fungicida (piraclostrobina + epoxiconazol, com óleo mineral foi avaliada com quatro espectros de gotas de pulverização - muito fino, <119 μm; fino, 119 a 216 μm; médio, 217 a 352 μm; e grosso, 353 a 464 μm -, em quatro cultivares de soja (BMX Apollo RR, NA 7636 RR, Fcep 53 RR e TMG 4001 RR contrastantes quanto a índice de área foliar, estatura de plantas e número de ramos por planta. Foram quantificadas as variáveis: número de gotas por cm², diâmetro mediano volumétrico das gotas, área abaixo da curva de progresso da ferrugem-asiática e produtividade da soja. A definição do espectro de gotas a ser utilizado deve considerar a cultivar e as condições ambientais em que a pulverização será realizada. A magnitude da proteção exercida pelo fungicida varia de acordo com a cobertura de plantas e a penetração de gotas no dossel, proporcionada pelos diferentes espectros de gota. O espectro de gotas fino proporciona boa deposição de gotas, controle da doença e produtividade, independentemente da cultivar avaliada.

  2. Valoración del testimonio en abuso sexual infantil (A.S.I. The testimony assessment on sexual abuse on children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Jiménez Cortés

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available La valoración del testimonio en A.S.I es uno de los temas más comprometidos de entre los que el psicólogo forense debe afrontar como parte de sus funciones, que consisten principalmente en la realización de los distintos peritajes psicológicos que encomiendan directamente los jueces y fiscales, o bien los abogados que representan a las partes litigantes en los procedimientos penales. En el caso de la valoración del testimonio en ASI recae una gran responsabilidad sobre el perito, ya que se trata, en líneas generales, de episodios ocurridos en la más estricta intimidad, por lo que con frecuencia solo hay dos testigos: el perpetrador y la víctima del mismo. Después de revisar las diversas técnicas propuestas por la literatura especializada en este área, se propone, con el fin de optimizar las garantías de fiabilidad en la evaluación del testimonio, una valoración cualitativa fundamentada en la integración de todos los datos que interesan al funcionamiento del menor.The testimony assessment on sexual abuse on children is one of the most difficult issues which forensic psychologists have to cope with as a part of their functions, that consist mainly in making several psychological assessments commanded by judges, public prosecutors or lawyers who represent the parts in conflict within penal procedures. A major responsibility lies on psychologist in testimony assessment on sexual abuse on children cases, since these generally consist on incidents happened in the most strict intimacy, therefore there are frequently two witnesses: the perpetrator and the victim of abuse. This article has been elaborated with a base from different studies by several authors about this issue, with the aim of getting an useful information for the clinical practice. After researching different techniques proposed by specialised literature about this area, it is proposed a quantitative assessment based on the integration of all the data that influence on the

  3. The formation of the positive, fixed charge at c-Si(111)/a-Si$_3$N$_{3.5}$:H interfaces

    CERN Document Server

    Hintzsche, L E; Marsman, M; Lamers, M W P E; Weeber, A W; Kresse, G

    2015-01-01

    Modern electronic devices are unthinkable without the well-controlled formation of interfaces at heterostructures. These often involve at least one amorphous material. Modeling such interfaces poses a significant challenge, since a meaningful result can only be expected by using huge models or by drawing from many statistically independent samples. Here we report on the results of high throughput calculations for interfaces between crystalline silicon (c-Si) and amorphous silicon nitride (a-Si$_3$N$_{3.5}$:H), which are omnipresent in commercially available solar cells. The findings reconcile only partly understood key features. At the interface, threefold coordinated Si atoms are present. These are caused by the structural mismatch between the amorphous and crystalline part. The local Fermi level of undoped c-Si lies well below that of a-SiN:H. To align the Fermi levels in the device, charge is transferred from the a-SiN:H part to the c-Si part resulting in an abundance of positively charged, threefold coord...

  4. Postmodernisma iezīmes Andželas Kārteres stāstu izlasē "Asiņainais kambaris"

    OpenAIRE

    Mierkalne, Laura

    2016-01-01

    Šajā pētījumā aplūkotas postmodernisma iezīmes Andželas Kārteres stāstu izlasē Asiņainais kambaris. Padziļināti tiek apskatīta intertekstualitāte, stilizācija, un fragmentācija, un to izpausmes, lai secinātu kā šīs iezīmes veido postmodernisma stāstu. Šis pētījums izstrādāts veicot ar postmodernisma tēmu saistīto teorētisko materiālu un A.Kārteres stāstu analīzi. Pētījuma aktualitāti ietekmē, pirmkārt, postmodernisma literatūras problemātika – sarežģītā literatūras perioda definīcijas izstrād...

  5. Lattice vibrations study of Ga1-xInxAsySb1-y quaternary alloys with low (In, As) content grown by liquid phase epitaxy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Raman scattering spectroscopy was used to measure and analyze the lattice vibrations in some quaternary Ga1-xInxAsySb1-y alloys with low (In, As) contents (0.03 0C. High Resolution X-Ray Diffraction results showed profiles associated with a quaternary layer lattice matched to the GaSb substrate as obtained from the (004) reflection. The experimental diffractograms were simulated to estimate alloy composition, thickness and lattice mismatch of the layer. Raman scattering results show phonon frequencies associated to the TO and LO GaAs-like modes as well as GaSb + InAs-like mode, which are characteristic of this quaternary alloy. The As content dependence of the phonon frequency measured in this alloy for low (In, As) contents agree well with the modified Random-Element Isodisplacement (REI) model and also with other available experimental reports. This method can also be used to estimate alloy compositions for this kind of quaternary alloys

  6. China e sudeste asiático: diferenças e semelhanças de percepção quanto a questões atuais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo A. Pereira Pinto

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available China e Sudeste Asiático têm diferenças de percepção quanto a questões de segurança regional atuais, em virtude de experiências históricas, que levam alguns países situados ao Sul da RPC a acreditarem que Pequim poderia voltar a desempenhar papel dominante na área de sua antiga influência político-cultural. Fortalecem-se, por outro lado, as semelhanças de percepção quanto à necessidade de preservar o Estado, como agente capaz de fomentar o desenvolvimento do sistema político, bem como garantidor das aspirações e interesses individuais e coletivos.China and Southeast Asia, due to their historic expeirences, have different perceptions about comtemporary regional security issues that lead some countries located at the South of CPR to believe that Pekin could come back to play the dominant role on its ancient political and cultural influence area. On the other hand, similar perceptions about the need of preserving the State as the agent able to foment the development of the political system as well as the guarantor of individual and collective aspirations and interests have strengthned.

  7. Medium-energy ion irradiation of Si and Ge wafers: studies of surface nanopatterning and signature of recrystallization in 100 keV Kr+ bombarded a-Si

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Pravin

    2016-03-01

    We report new and exciting experimental results on ion-induced nanopatterning of a-Si and a-Ge surfaces. The crystalline Si (100) and Ge (100) wafers were amorphized and an a/c interface was developed by pre-irradiation with a 50 keV Ar+ beam at normal incidence with an ion fluence of 5.0 × 1015 ions cm-2. These amorphized surfaces were post-irradiated with Ar+ and Kr+ beams at an angle of 60°. The post irradiation was done with ion fluences of 1.0 × 1017 ions cm-2. For each beam, two energies (50 and 200 keV for Ar+, 100 and 250 keV for Kr+) were chosen to ensure ion stopping in both sides of the a/c interface. Regular nanopatterning (in the form of ripples) is observed on the Ge surface only with the post irradiation of the Kr+ beam. The Si surface showed regular nanopatterning with the irradiation of both beams with two energies. For the ion beams crossing the a/c interface, ripples of higher amplitude and longer wavelength were formed. Further, the irradiation with a heavy beam yielded surface ripples of relatively larger amplitudes. The Raman measurements confirm amorphization of the pre-irradiated surfaces. Surprisingly, the post-irradiated Si surface with the 100 keV Kr+ beam showed evidence of recrystallization. In the paper we discuss the physics at the interface and explain the experimental findings.

  8. Influence of air exposure duration and a-Si capping layer thickness on the performance of p-BaSi2/n-Si heterojunction solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takabe, Ryota; Yachi, Suguru; Du, Weijie; Tsukahara, Daichi; Takeuchi, Hiroki; Toko, Kaoru; Suemasu, Takashi

    2016-08-01

    Fabrication of p-BaSi2(20nm)/n-Si heterojunction solar cells was performed with different a-Si capping layer thicknesses (da-Si) and varying air exposure durations (tair) prior to the formation of a 70-nm-thick indium-tin-oxide electrode. The conversion efficiencies (η) reached approximately 4.7% regardless of tair (varying from 12-150 h) for solar cells with da-Si = 5 nm. In contrast, η increased from 5.3 to 6.6% with increasing tair for those with da-Si = 2 nm, in contrast to our prediction. For this sample, the reverse saturation current density (J0) and diode ideality factor decreased with tair, resulting in the enhancement of η. The effects of the variation of da-Si (0.7, 2, 3, and 5 nm) upon the solar cell performance were examined while keeping tair = 150 h. The η reached a maximum of 9.0% when da-Si was 3 nm, wherein the open-circuit voltage and fill factor also reached a maximum. The series resistance, shunt resistance, and J0 exhibited a tendency to decrease as da-Si increased. These results demonstrate that a moderate oxidation of BaSi2 is a very effective means to enhance the η of BaSi2 solar cells.

  9. Impedance Spectroscopic Study of p-i-n Type a-Si Solar Cell by Doping Variation of p-Type Layer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunhwa Lee

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigated p-i-n type amorphous silicon (a-Si solar cell where the diborane flow rate of the p-type layer was varied and the solar cell was measured static/dynamic characteristics. The p/i interface of the thin film amorphous silicon solar cells was studied in terms of the coordination number of boron atoms in the p layer. p-type layer and p/i interface properties were obtained from the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS and impedance spectroscopy. One of the solar cells shows open circuit voltage (oc=880 mV, short circuit current density (sc=14.21 mA/cm2, fill factor (FF=72.03%, and efficiency (=8.8% while the p-type layer was doped with 0.1%. The impedance spectroscopic measurement showed that the diode ideality factor and built-in potential changed with change in diborane flow rate.

  10. La estructura del “sector del sexo” en el sureste asiático. Una realidad poliédrica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosario Pozo Gordaliza

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo estudia, mediante un análisis sistemático, los elementos más significativos que definen la industria del sexo en el sureste asiático. Entre ellos destacamos en primer lugar, su compleja, organización, sofisticación, diversificación y estructuración; su relación con la feminización de la pobreza, las migraciones y las minorías étnicas. El tráfico sexual y el turismo sexual creciente. En segundo lugar hablaremos sobre su clientela, la estructura  demográfica joven y el acceso al mercado de la prostitución a edades muy tempranas. Seguidamente haremos alusión a las desigualdades de género, las creencias socioculturales, religiosas y al imaginario social colectivo. A continuación incidiremos en las “prostituciones” (directas o indirectas, la idea de la elección y los límites en su producción estadística. Por último terminamos con una propuesta orientativa para enriquecer el debate y aportar vías facilitadoras para encarar el fenómeno desde la perspectiva de los derechos humanos.

  11. Théâtres d’Asie à l’œuvre. Circulation, expression, politique, Hélène Bouvier & Gérard Toffin, éd.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corinne Flicker

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage, riche d’une dizaine d’études, traite des formes théâtrales en Asie, de l’Inde à la Chine, en passant par l’archipel indonésien (Java, Bali, Madura, le Cambodge et le Vietnam. Il est précédé d’une introduction dense qui cadre la question sur le plan théorique en optant pour une approche résolument anthropologique, qui fédère l’ensemble des contributions. Il donne un éclairage neuf en renouvelant l’apport d’ouvrages majeurs mais aujourd’hui anciens, tel Les Théâtres d’Asie, sous l...

  12. 伊朗食虫虻(双翅目:食虫虻科)的猎物记录%Prey records of robber fLies(Diptera:AsiLidae)in Iran

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Najmeh SAMIN; Hamid SAKENIN; Hassan GHAHARI; Reza MONAEM

    2014-01-01

    本文根据伊朗食虫虻科AsiLidae的文献资料,记录了伊朗104种食虫虻的130种猎物。这些猎物隶属昆虫纲Insecta的7个目(膜翅目Hymenoptera,双翅目Diptera,鞘翅目CoLeoptera,直翅目Orthoptera,鳞翅目Lepidoptera,半翅目异翅亚目Heteroptera和脉翅目Neuroptera)37科,此外,还有1种蜘蛛也是食虫虻的猎物。%Up on the revising of the pubLished data on Iranian AsiLidae,in a totaL 130 insect species are Listed in this paper as the preys for 104 species of Iranian AsiLidae. These preys beLong to 37 famiLies of 7 orders incLuding Hyme-noptera,Diptera,CoLeoptera,Orthoptera,Lepidoptera,Heteroptera and Neuroptera. In addition to the diverse preys in the cLass Insecta,one spider species( Aranei)was determined as prey too.

  13. Asi Nehri (Antakya Kıyı Bandı Rekreasyon Alanı Donatı Elemanları ve Kullanıcı Memnuniyetinin Belirlenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elif Bozdoğan

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Bir kentin kimlik kazanmasında önem taşıyan su yüzeyleri, kentin gelişimini yönlendiren, rekreasyonel aktivitelere olanak sağlayan, kentte yaşayanlar üzerinde görsel ve psikolojik etkiler yaratan unsurlardır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Asi Nehri kıyı bandının donatı elemanları bakımından kullanıcı memnuniyetinin belirlenmesidir. Bu alan yerleşim bölgelerini ayırması, çeşitli aktivitelere imkan sağlaması ve kent kimliği için önemli olması nedeniyle seçilmiştir. Çalışma Asi Nehri kıyı bandında 2012 Nisan-Temmuz ayları arasında 3 aşamada gerçekleştirilmiştir. Çalışmanın birinci aşamasında alanda mevcut donatı elemanlarının miktar ve yapım malzemeleri tespit edilmiştir. İkinci aşama kullanıcıya ve kullanıma yönelik bilgiler ile halkın memnuniyet düzeyinin belirlendiği soruları içeren anket çalışmasından oluşmaktadır. Sonuç olarak, çalışma alanındaki donatı elemanlarından en yüksek düzeydeki memnuniyetin ele alınan tüm parametreler bakımından köprüler, en düşük düzeydeki memnuniyetin ise estetik ve fonksiyonel özellikler bakımından işaret/bilgi levhaları ile miktar bakımından çöp kutuları olduğu belirlenmiştir. Çalışma kapsamında, donatı elemanları kullanıcı memnuniyet düzeyinin arttırılmasında kentin tarihi ve kültürel değerleri ile bütünlük sağlanmasının gerekliliği önemli bulunmuştur. Çalışmanın yerel yönetimlere bir veri tabanı oluşturulmasında katkı sağlayacağı düşünülmektedir.

  14. Controle de ferrugem asiática da soja utilizando-se diferentes pontas de pulverização em Maracaju-MS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jackeline Matos do Nascimento

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En la presente investigación realizada en Maracaju, en el estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, fue estudiado el efecto de puntas y horarios de aplicación para el control de la Roya asiática de la soya. Se evaluaron cuatro puntas de pulverización: chorro plano de uso ampliado, chorro plano doble, chorro plano deflector y chorro plano deflector doble. Las aplicaciones ocurrieron en los horarios de 14:00 y 17:30h con un pulverizador de espaldas a presión constante (CO2. El fungicida utilizado fue el epoxiconazole y piraclostrobina, en la dosis de 0,5 L·ha-1 del producto comercial. El delineamiento experimental fue el de bloques al azar, con cuatro repeticiones, en un esquema de parcelas subdivididas, donde la parcela fue el horario y las subparcelas las puntas. Fueron colectados 30 folíolos en los tercios superior, medio e inferior de la planta, para evaluar el número de lesiones, uredíneas, incidencia y severidad de la enfermedad. En la aplicación realizada en el horario de las 14:00h con la punta chorro plano deflector, las plantas presentaron mayor número de lesiones y uredíneas en el tercio medio, cuando fue comparada con las puntas chorro plano deflector doble y chorro plano doble. No fueron detectadas diferencias significativas en relación a la masa de mil granos y la producción.

  15. Continuous roll-to-roll a-Si photovoltaic manufacturing technology. Annual subcontractor report, 1 April 1992--31 March 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Izu, M. [Energy Conversion Devices, Inc., Troy, MI (United States)

    1993-12-01

    This report describes work done under a 3-year program to advance ECD`s roll-to-roll, triple-junction photovoltaic manufacturing technologies, to reduce the module production costs, to increase the stabilized module performance, and to expand commercial capacity utilizing ECD technology. The specific 3-year goal is to develop advanced large-scale manufacturing technology incorporating ECD`s earlier research advances with the capability of producing modules with stable 11% efficiency at a cost of approximately $1.00 per peak watt. Accomplishments during Phase 1 included: (1) ECD successfully incorporated a high-performance Ag/metal-oxide back-reflector system into its continuous roll-to-roll commercial production operation. (2) High-quality a-Si-Ge narrow-band-gap solar cells were incorporated into the manufacturing. (3) ECD demonstrated the continuous roll-to-roll production of high-efficiency, triple-junction, two-band-gap solar cells consistently and uniformly throughout a 762-m (2500-ft) run with high yield. (4) ECD achieved 11.1% initial sub-cell efficiency of triple-junction, two-band-gap a-Si alloy solar cells in the production line. (5) The world`s first 0.37-m{sup 2} (4-ft{sup 2}) PV modules were produced utilizing triple-junction spectrum-splitting solar cells manufactured in the production line. (6) As a result of process optimization to reduce the layer thickness and to improve the gas utilization, ECD achieved a 77% material cost reduction for germane and 58% reduction for disilane. Additionally, ECD developed a new low-cost module that saves approximately 30% in assembly material costs.

  16. El curso del desarrollo tecnológico y la subcontratación en el programa maquilador mexicano: La experiencia del este asiático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor M. Castillo

    1990-09-01

    Full Text Available Al iniciarse la década de los noventa, la industria maquiladora se ha consolidado como sector en términos cualitativos (generación de empleo y obtención de divisas, pero también en su desarrollo, que a medida que avanza el tiempo pesa más en la estructura económica y social del país (sobre todo en la frontera norte, en la que pudieran resultar importantes beneficios indirectos, dentro de otro escenario, caracterizado por las extemalidades de una nueva industria maquiladora (NIM. Nueva en el sentido de su posible contribución al desenvolvimiento del país en aspectos como apoyo a la infraestructura, transferencia y generación de tecnología, en el sentido de impulso a industrias satélites y complementarias a través de la utilización de insumos y la subcontratación, esto en una dimensión más cualitativa del proceso, donde la NIM debe ser entendida en el marco de referencia de las modificaciones y cambios estructurales que la economía esta generando (en materia de políticaeconómica.Ante esta perspectiva, el presente trabajo pretende dar respuesta a la interrogante: ¿es posible repetir la experiencia asiática en aspectos de subcontratación y adaptación de tecnología en la frontera norte de México?Como conclusión preliminar se plantea: la NIM, dentro de un marco de planificación estatal, podría convertirse en instrumento de apoyo importante, vía transferencia de tecnología y subcontratación, para una transición hacia niveles más altos de industrialización.

  17. Mouvements migratoires entre la Turquie et les Républiques turcophones du Caucase et d’Asie centrale Migratory movements between Turkey and the Turkish-speaking republics of Caucasia and Central Asia. Religious impacts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bayram Balci

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Forte de ses liens de parenté culturelle avec les Républiques turcophones d’Asie centrale – Kazakhstan, Kirghizstan, Ouzbékistan, Turkménistan et Tadjikistan –, la Turquie a été le point départ d’un important mouvement migratoire en direction de ces États à partir du début de la décennie 1990, au moment où les États en question recouvraient leur indépendance survenue avec la fin de l’Union soviétique. Multiforme, cette migration a véhiculé un important message religieux, dans les deux sens, mais surtout en provenance de Turquie et à destination des principales villes d’Asie centrale. C’est le principal sujet d’investigation de cette étude. Le commerce et la coopération éducative furent les principaux outils déployés par les migrants turcs partis souvent en tant que missionnaires pour ré-islamiser l’Asie centrale, que de nombreux mouvements islamiques turcs jugeaient devoir être remise dans le giron de la civilisation islamique après plus de soixante-dix ans d’une domination soviétique caractérisée par une politique antireligieuse prononcée. Quatre principaux mouvements islamiques turcs se sont fait remarquer en Asie centrale dans cette œuvre de prosélytisme. Le plus important est sans conteste celui fondé par Sait Nursi dont les disciples ont été très actifs dès 1990 dans l’envoi de littérature islamique en Asie centrale. Par ailleurs, un disciple de Sait Nursi, Fethullah Gülen, a fondé un vaste réseau éducatif animé par des jeunes éducateurs partis d’Anatolie pour s’investir dans différentes villes d’Asie centrale. Une autre mouvance, dite suleymanci, du nom de son fondateur Suleyman Tunahan, a, par le biais de la migration turque, ouvert plusieurs petites madrasas dans divers États d’Asie centrale. Enfin, des disciples de la confrérie dite nakshibendiyya, du nom de son fondateur Bahaduddin Nakshibend, un mystique du xve siècle originaire de Boukhara, ont

  18. Asi pole torus / Valdeko Potisep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Potisep, Valdeko

    2007-01-01

    Autori arvates kujuneks Läänemerre kavandatav gaasijuhe ohuks Balti riikide julgeolekule, merepõhja geoloogiliste uuringute varjatud eesmärgiks võib olla aga võimalike gaasivarude kindlakstegemine Soome lahes

  19. Asie méridionale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Goodall Dominic, Nibedita Rout, R. Sathya­narayanan, S. A. S. Sarma, T. Ganesan et S. Sam­ban­dhasuvacarya (éds, The Pancavaranastava of Aghorasivacarya : a 12th century South Indian prescription for the visualisation of Sadasiva and his retinue, Pondichéry et Paris, IFP et EFEO, 2005, 237 p.Huchet Jean-François et Joël Ruet (coord., Globalisation and Opening Markets in Developing Countries and Impact on National Firms and Public Gouvernance. The Case of India, New Delhi, CSH et al., 2006, ...

  20. Estado, instituições e desenvolvimento: o modelo coreano e a interpretação da crise asiática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Queiroz Guimarães

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo insere-se em uma linha voltada a investigar as relações entre as instituições, o Estado e o desempenho econômico. Tem como objeto central o estudo dos Estados Desenvolvimentistas (Developmental States, isto é, estados intervencionistas que desempenharam papel central nas estratégias de desenvolvimento de alguns países. A despeito de inúmeras análises históricas sobre essas experiências, o tema é considerado controverso e muitos economistas relutam em aceitar que tais estados tiveram uma contribuição positiva. O artigo lida, portanto, com um tema muito caro à ciência econômica desde os seus primórdios, a relação entre o Estado e o mercado e seus impactos sobre a "riqueza das nações". O presente artigo pretende contribuir para essa temática por meio de uma crítica às análises mais abstratas voltadas a interpretar o modelo asiático e a crise de 1997. Identificando uma falha metodológica nessas análises, argumenta-se que a crise não pode ser deduzida de eventuais fraquezas institucionais do modelo sul coreano. As características institucionais, incluindo o Estado desenvolvimentista e os grandes grupos empresariais, foram variáveis centrais para explicar o grande êxito alcançado pela Coréia do Sul nas décadas que se seguiram a 1960. Nesse sentido, as dificuldades dos anos 1990 devem ser interpretadas como resultado de um processo apressado de liberalização e desregulamentação econômica, implementado antes que uma nova estrutura de regulação estivesse pronta para substituir as formas de coordenação vigentes no período anterior. Ao recusar certas interpretações da crise, o artigo enfatiza a importância de reconhecer as especificidades institucionais dos países e a existência de diferentes tipos de capitalismo. O caso sul coreano, assim como o japonês, ilustra um modelo de capitalismo em que o Developmental State desempenhou um papel muito ativo, constituindo-se em uma vari

  1. X-ray fluorescence analysis of Ge1–xSex, As1–xSex, and Ge1–x–yAsySex glasses using electronic excitation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    X-ray fluorescence analysis with fluorescence excitation by an electron beam with an energy of 30 kV is applied to determine the germanium, arsenic, and selenium contents in Ge1–xSex, As1–xSex, and Ge1–x–yAsySex glassy alloys. Using calibration dependences, the quantitative composition of the glasses is determined with an accuracy of ±0.0002 for parameters x and y in a surface layer ∼0.1 µm deep

  2. « The Male Dancer in the Middle East and Central Asia ». Dance Research Journal, 38/1&2, summer & winter 2006, pp. 137-162. [Les danseurs au Moyen Orient et en Asie Centrale

    OpenAIRE

    Fāṭemī, Sāsān

    2008-01-01

    Un article très intéressant sur la danse orientale et son rapport avec la sexualité. Après une introduction sur la différence entre le comportement homosexuel et l’identité homosexuelle, l’A. contredit le jugement ethnocentrique des observateurs occidentaux qui identifiaient les danseurs orientaux à des homosexuels, jugeant leur gestuelle comme efféminée. L’activité sexuelle des garçons danseurs aux Moyen Orient et en Asie Centrale étant très souvent leur source de revenue, ils ne la choisiss...

  3. Óleos essenciais no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja Phakopsora pachyrhizi Syd. & P. Syd. Essential oils used in the control of asian soybean rust Phakopsora pachyrhizi Syd. & P. Syd.

    OpenAIRE

    Regiane Medice; Eduardo Alves; Rafael Tadeu de Assis; Ronaldo Goulart Magno Júnior; Eloísa Aparecida das Graças Leite Lopes

    2007-01-01

    Objetivou-se com este trabalho avaliar o potencial de óleos essenciais na inibição da germinação de urediniósporos de Phakopsora pachyrhizi e na redução da severidade dos sintomas da ferrugem asiática em casa-de-vegetação. O experimento foi conduzido em duas etapas. Na primeira, foram adicionados em placas de Petri contendo 10 mL de meio de cultura agar-água óleos essenciais de Corymbia citriodora (eucalipto citriodora),Cymbopogon nardus (citronela),Azadirachta indica (nim) e Thymus vulgaris ...

  4. Jalons pour une anthropologie de l’éthique entrepreneuriale en Asie du Sud-Est Groundwork for an Anthropology of Entrepreneurial Ethics in South-East Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghislaine Gallenga

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available L’éthique entrepreneuriale est une notion largement mobilisée dans le milieu des affaires et des entreprises en Asie du Sud-Est où elle est présentée le plus souvent comme un ensemble de préceptes moraux, idéologiques ou religieux que les acteurs locaux rassemblent sous le vocable « valeurs asiatiques ». L’objet de cette introduction est de replacer ces valeurs dans le contexte de l’entreprise à partir de quelques travaux fondateurs de ce sujet en Asie du Sud-Est. Nous verrons que le plus souvent ils oscillent entre deux pôles : d’une part la sociologie wébérienne du capitalisme industriel par le prisme de l’éthique religieuse et d’autre part l’approche substantiviste de Polanyi. Si les grilles d’analyse nées de ces débats ont été appliquées en majorité aux entrepreneurs issus de la diaspora chinoise, c’est la question de l’idéologie des entrepreneurs qui prédomine à travers le prisme des courants philosophiques et religieux qui leur servent de repères. Comment des valeurs et des idéologies sont-elles perpétuées, adaptées ou transposées par les directions d’entreprise ? Comment s’insèrent-elles également dans les micro-stratégies des acteurs locaux ? Comment l’éthique entrepreneuriale se décline-t-elle dans des établissements de statuts divers et dans des familles d’entrepreneurs ? Quelles images ces dernières construisent-elles et quelles sont les valeurs (morales, religieuses, etc. qui participent à la construction de cette éthique ? En d’autres termes, il s’agit d’observer des pratiques qui ont cours dans cette partie du monde et d’en comprendre les logiques au travers d’analyses anthropologiques. Ainsi, les contributions présentées dans ce numéro apportent à la fois des éléments de réponse et ouvrent d’autres pistes de réflexion pour concourir à esquisser ce que « éthique entrepreneuriale » peut recouvrir dans cette région du Sud-Est asiatique

  5. « Хорошо где нас нет »L’émigration des « Russophones » d’Asie centrale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julien Thorez

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available L’article aborde l’émigration des populations « russophones » d’Asie centrale depuis l’effondrement de l’URSS, en analysant les déterminants de la mobilité post-soviétique (crise économique, guerre civile, relations interethniques et en replaçant ce processus dans l’histoire migratoire récente. Il présente également les répercussions en Asie centrale de ce flux massif qui constitue un élément fondamental de la transformation post-soviétique.The present article deals with the emigration of Russian speaking population from Central Asia after the collapse of the Soviet Union. It aims to analyze the determining factors of the post-soviet mobility (economic crisis, civil war, interethnic relations and to put this process into the recent history of migrations. In so doing, this paper explores the repercussions of this massive flow on Central Asia, which represents a fundamental aspect of the post-soviet transformation.

  6. L’Asie insulaire, forte exportatrice de main-d’oeuvre féminine possède-t-elle un système migratoire propre ? Les cas indonésien, philippin et sri-lankais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Husson

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available L'Asie insulaire, forte exportatrice de main-d'oeuvre féminine possède-t-elle un système migratoire propre ? Les cas indonésien, philippin et sri-lankais.Les migrations de travail ont une longue tradition en Asie. Instaurées par les puissances coloniales européennes par le biais des contrats de travail, après l'abolition de l'esclavage, elles ont ainsi favorisé l'expansion de deux solides diasporas, l'une chinoise, l'autre indienne.Ce vaste continent qui abrite désormais 60 % de la population mondiale et les deux tiers de la force de travail mondiale demeure, pour longtemps encore, une zone de très forte mobilité.Trois pays, dont deux archipels et une île, les Philippines, l'Indonésie et le Sri Lanka, sont devenus, en l'espace d'une à trois décennies, les principaux exportateurs de main-d'œuvre à l'échelle mondiale. Ces politiques migratoires visent d'une part à réduire la pauvreté et le chômage et d'autre part à accroître les indispensables rentrées de devises par le biais des transferts financiers des migrants.La féminisation des flux migratoires est particulièrement marquée en Asie insulaire où la proportion de femmes avoisine les 70 % du total des migrantsThe labour migration have a long tradition in Asia. Migration, which were introduced by European colonial powers (through employment contracts, after the abolition of slavery, have encouraged the expansion of two solid diasporas, 'One China, one Indian. This vast continent, home now 60% of the world's population and two thirds of the global labor force, remains for a long time, a zone of very high mobility. Three countries, including two archipelagos and one island, the Philippines, Indonesia and Sri Lanka are now in the space of one to three decades, the main exporters of labour globally . The objective of these policies migration is a part of reducing poverty and unemployment, and secondly to increase the necessary cash currency,with financial transfers of

  7. Balcı, Bayram, Missionnaires de l'Islam en Asie centrale. Les écoles turques de Fethullah Gülen, Istanbul-Paris, Institut Français d’Etudes Anatoliennes – Maisonneuve et Larose, 2003.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Élizabeth Picard

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Au lendemain de la chute de l’Union Soviétique, la Turquie avait nourri de vastes ambitions en Asie centrale, dont la revue CEMOTI avait alors cerné l’intérêt dans une livraison (n° 14 de 1992 intitulée « La Turquie et l’aire turque dans la nouvelle configuration régionale et internationale ». Au début de son ouvrage passionnant, tiré d’une thèse de doctorat, Bayram Balcı rappelle lui aussi ces ambitions, en les inscrivant dans un riche passé dont la mémoire se nourrit du thème récurrent de ...

  8. Photoluminescence of heterostructures with GaP1−xNx and GaP1−x−yNxAsy layers grown on GaP and Si substrates by molecular-beam epitaxy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The structural and optical properties of heterostructures containing GaP1−xNx ternary and GaP1−x−yNxAsy quaternary alloy layers are discussed. The heterostructures are grown by molecular-beam epitaxy on GaP and Si substrates. The structures are studied by the high-resolution X-ray diffraction technique and photoluminescence measurements in a wide temperature range from 10 to 300 K. In the low-temperature photoluminescence spectra of the alloys with a low nitrogen fraction (x < 0.007), two clearly resolved narrow lines attributed to the localized states of nitrogen pairs and the phonon replicas of these lines are observed

  9. Relationship between Plant Height, ASI and Ear Traits and Drought Resistance of Transgenic Corn%转基因玉米株高、ASI和穗部性状与抗旱性的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙宝成; 刘成; 王天宇; 黎裕; 张登峰; 李亮; 唐怀君; 石云素; 宋燕春

    2012-01-01

    [目的]干旱是限制我国玉米生产的主要因素,利用转基因技术可有效提高玉米抗旱育种效率.对转基因玉米材料进行抗旱性鉴定评价,为筛选转基因玉米抗旱种质和转基因玉米抗旱育种提供科学依据.[方法]通过开花期干旱胁迫的方法,对61份转基因玉米材料进行抗旱性鉴定评价,研究转基因玉米材料ASI(散粉至吐丝的间隔期,天)、株高、产量与抗旱性的关系,受旱后粒重和穗重、轴粗和穗粗、百粒体积和百粒重等比值的变化;以及在受体基础上通过转基因提高玉米抗旱性的效果.[结果]正常灌水条件下株体适当、产量较高,而在受旱后株高下降少、ASI小的转基因玉米材料通常有较强的抗旱性,这与以往非转基因玉米的研究结果一致;无论受旱与否,玉米的穗粗和轴粗、穗重和粒重、百粒体积和百粒重之间存在显著的正比关系.[结论]转基因玉米的抗旱性在其受体基础上可提高25% ~53%,突破果穗和籽粒之间的正比关系可能是大幅提高玉米产量的一条关键途径.%[ Objective ] Drought is one of major factors to restrict China's corn production, and the application of transgenic technology can effectively improve the efficiency of corn drought breeding. [Method] Through the drought stress in period of flowering, and taking identification and evaluation of drought resistance on 61 transgenic corn materials, this paper studied the relationship between transgenic corn ASI, plant height, the yield and drought resistance, the change of these ratio on the kernel weight and ear weight, cob diameter and ear diameter, 100 - kernel volume and 100 - kernel weight affected by drought, and die effect of improving the drought resistance of corn by transgenosis on the basis of its receptor. [ Result] The experiments'results showed that in normal irrigation conditions, the yield was higher, but when affected by the drought later, die plant

  10. 0.6-eV bandgap In0.69Ga0.31As thermophotovoltaic devices with compositionally undulating step-graded InAsyP1−ybuffers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Single-junction, lattice-mismatched In0.69Ga0.31As thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices each with abandgap of 0.6 eV are grown on InP substrate by metal—organic chemical vapour deposition (MOCVD). Compositionally undulating step-graded InAsyP1−y buffer layers with a lattice mismatch of ∼1.2% are used to mitigate the effect of lattice mismatch between the device layers and the InP substrate. With an optimized buffer thickness, the In0.69Ga0.31As active layers grown on the buffer display a high crystal quality with no measurable tetragonal distortion. High-performance single-junction devices are demonstrated, with an open-circuit voltage of 0.215 V and a photovoltaic conversion efficiency of 6.9% at a short-circuit current density of 47.6 mA/cm2, which are measured underthe standard solar simulator of air mass 1.5-global (AM 1.5 G). (condensed matter: structural, mechanical, and thermal properties)

  11. Comparative study on hydrostatic strain, stress and dislocation density of Al0.3Ga0.7N/GaN heterostructure before and after a-Si3N4 passivation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The hydrostatic strain, stress and dislocation densities were comparatively analyzed before and after passivation of amorphous silicon nitride (a-Si3N4) layer on Al0.3Ga0.7N/GaN heterostructure by nondestructive high resolution x-ray diffraction (HRXRD) technique. The crystalline quality, in-plane and out-of plane strain were evaluated from triple-axis (TA) (ω-2θ) diffraction profile across the (002) reflection plane and double-axis (DA) (ω-2θ) glancing incidence (GI) diffraction profile across (105) reflection plane. The hydrostatic strain and stress of Al0.3Ga0.7N barrier layer were increased significantly after passivation and both are tensile in nature. The dislocation density of GaN was also analyzed and no significant change was observed after passivation of the heterostructure. The crystalline quality was not degraded after passivation on the heterostructure confirmed by the full-width-half-maximum (FWHM) analysis

  12. Study and Simulation of the Heterojunction Thin Film Solar Cell a-Si( n)/a-Si( i)/c-Si( p)/a-Si( i)/a-Si( p)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toufik, Zarede; Hamza, Lidjici; Mohamed, Fathi; Achour, Mahrane

    2016-08-01

    In this article, we present a study based on numerical simulation of the electrical characteristics of a thin-film heterojunction solar cell (a-Si( n)/a-Si( i)/c-Si( p)/a-Si( i)/a-Si( p)), using the automat for simulation of hetero-structures (AFORS-Het) software. This cell is composed of four main layers of silicon (Si): (i) 5 nm amorphous silicon doped n, (ii) 100 μm crystalline silicon (substrate) doped p, (iii) 5 nm amorphous silicon doped p, and (iv) 3 nm amorphous silicon intrinsic. This cell has a front and rear metal contact of aluminum and zinc oxide (ZnO) front layer transparent conductive oxide of 80 nm thickness. The simulations were performed at conditions of "One Sun" irradiation with air mass 1.5 (AM1.5), and under absolute temperature T = 300 K. The simulation results have shown a high electrical conversion efficiency of about 30.29% and high values of open circuit voltage V oc = 779 mV. This study has also shown that the studied cell has good quality light absorption on a very broad spectrum.

  13. Controle da ferrugem asiática e produtividade da soja após pulverizações de piraclostrobina + epoxiconazole em diferentes estádios fenológicos da cultura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Henrique Ferreira do Amaral Dal Pogetto

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Foi avaliado o desenvolvimento da ferrugem asiática e da produtividade da cultura da soja em razão de pulverizações fungicidas realizadas em diferentes estádios fenológicos da cultura. Os tratamentos consistiram na pulverização da mistura fungicida piraclostrobina + epoxiconazole no estádio fenológico V10 e R2; R2 e R5.2; apenas em R2; sem pulverização (testemunha. Os valores da AACPD total (área abaixo da curva de progresso da doença e da produtividade da cultura da soja nos tratamentos com pulverização fungicida foram superiores ao tratamento testemunha. Até o 117º dia após a emergência das plantas, a aplicação de fungicida em V10 e R2 promoveu maior controle da ferrugem. Os resultados evidenciaram que a pulverização fungicida contra P. pachyrhizi é indispensável para diminuir as perdas na produtividade provocadas pela doença e que, em algumas situações, apenas uma pulverização fungicida no estádio R2 pode reduzir perdas significativas na produtividade.

  14. 0.6-eV bandgap In0.69Ga0.31As thermophotovoltaic devices with compositionally undulating step-graded InAsyP1-ybuffers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji Lian; Lu Shu-Long; Jiang De-Sheng; Zhao Yong-Ming; Tan Ming; Zhu Ya-Qi; Dong Jian-Rong

    2013-01-01

    Single-junction,lattice-mismatched In0.69Ga0.31 As thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices each with a bandgap of 0.6 eV are grown on InP substrate by metal-organic chemical vapour deposition (MOCVD).Compositionally undulating stepgraded InAsyPl-y buffer layers with a lattice mismatch of ~ 1.2% are used to mitigate the effect of lattice mismatch between the device layers and the InP substrate.With an optimized buffer thickness,the In0.69Ga0.31 As active layers grown on the buffer display a high crystal quality with no measurable tetragonal distortion.High-performance single-junction devices are demonstrated,with an open-circuit voltage of 0.215 V and a photovoltaic conversion efficiency of 6.9% at a short-circuit current density of 47.6 mA/cm2,which are measured under the standard solar simulator of air mass 1.5-global (AM 1.5 G).

  15. Efeito do número de aplicações de fungicidas no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja = Effect of the number of fungicide applications on the control of Asian soybean rust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélio Bandeira Barros

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito do número de aplicações foliares de fungicidas no controle da ferrugem asiática, em cultivares de soja. O experimento foi conduzido na safra de 2003/04, em Viçosa, Estado de Minas Gerais. O delineamento experimental foi em blocos casualizados, com quatro repetições. Os tratamentos foram: testemunha sem aplicação, uma aplicação realizada no estádio R5, duas aplicações (R4 e R6 e três aplicações (R4, R5 e R6, utilizando-se a mistura de fungicidas (pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole e carbendazin. Após a analise de variância e teste de médias, verificaram-se reduções significativas de 91,6 e 97,5% naseveridade de ferrugem asiática e de 100 e 86,8% na porcentagem de desfolha, no tratamento de três aplicações (R4, R5 e R6 da mistura dos fungicidas (pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole, nas cultivares Vencedora e Conquista, respectivamente. Houve retardamento do ciclo, redução na porcentagem de abortamento de vagens e aumento no massa de 100 sementes nos tratamentos com aplicações de fungicidas em ambas as variedades. Altas produtividades foram obtidas nos tratamentos com três aplicações da mistura de fungicidas (pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole, não sendo, entretanto, verificadas diferenças significativas entre os tratamentos com uma, duas ou três aplicações do fungicida carbendazin.This work aimed to evaluate the effect of the number of leafapplications of fungicides on the control of the Asian soybean rust. The experiment was carried out at the 2003/04 cropping season, in Viçosa, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The experimental design was a randomized block design, consisting of four replicates. The following treatments: control without application, one application at stage R5; two applications at R4 and R6; and three applications at R4, R5 and R6. The fungicides pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole and carbendazin. After it analyzes her of variance and test of averages, it was

  16. L’assistance juridique japonaise aux pays dits « émergents » d’Asie Japanese Legal Technical Assistance to Emerging Countries in Asia. A Contribution to the Pluralistic Approach to the Circulation of Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Giraudou

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Fort d’un système normatif à la croisée de plusieurs traditions juridiques, le Japon entend participer plus résolument au développement actuel des modes de circulation du droit via notamment sa poli­tique de coopération internationale en matière d’assistance juridique et judiciaire aux pays émergents d’Asie. Cet article examine les particularités de la politique japonaise d’assistance en prenant appui sur des réflexions plus larges concernant les modalités contemporaines d’interaction des normes et le renouvellement des processus d’élaboration du droit. Cela permet de cerner les contradictions d’une assistance juridique conçue à la fois comme outil d’uniformisation du droit et instrument de coordination normative, au service d’une approche pluraliste de la circulation des normes.On the strength of a legal system stemming from various traditions of law, Japan is trying to participate more actively in the current development of the circulation of law, especially through its policy of international cooperation in the field of legal technical assistance and judicial assistance to emerging countries in Asia. This paper scrutinizes the specificities of the Japanese policy in the field drawing on broader analyses about contemporary means of interaction between norms and the reshaping of the processes by which law is elaborated. This may help shed some light on the contradictions of a form legal technical assistance that is conceived both as a tool for the standardization of law and a device that facilitates the coordination of laws at the service of an approach of legal pluralism.

  17. Les défis du secteur de l’énergie en Europe de l’Est et en Asie centrale : une évaluation de 18 ans de coopération économique suisse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guy Bonvin

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Le Secrétariat d’Etat à l’économie (SECO suisse travaille depuis 1992 dans les secteurs de l’énergie d’Europe de l’Est et d’Asie centrale, où il a financé 41 projets pour un total de 316 millions CHF. En 2009, une évaluation indépendante a été commandée afin d’établir les effets de ces projets dans la région et d’en tirer des enseignements pour le financement de projets ultérieurs. Le rapport d’évaluation estime que les projets sont très satisfaisants en termes de pertinence ; satisfaisants en termes d’efficacité et de durabilité ; et, en raison de facteurs externes liés à la gouvernance, à la transparence et à la stabilité politique dans certains des pays, généralement peu satisfaisants en termes d’efficience. Les enseignements tirés des projets fructueux serviront à améliorer les interventions futures. Les gouvernements disposent de moyens financiers limités et tentent de trouver un équilibre entre la sécurité énergétique et la durabilité environnementale. Le SECO soutiendra cette mission en contribuant à réduire la consommation inefficiente, à augmenter la part des énergies renouvelables, à renforcer la durabilité des entreprises de service public et à élaborer des politiques énergétiques efficaces.

  18. L’anglicité dans la fiction de l’Asie du sud-est : les exemples de Paul Theroux et de Yasmine Gooneratne Englishness in South-East Asian Fiction: the Cases of Paul Theroux and Yasmine Gooneratne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rüdiger Ahrens

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available De nos jours, la notion d’anglicité est devenue cruciale tant pour le Royaume-Uni que pour les nombreux pays du monde, dans lesquels vivent des citoyens libres et indépendants, qui participent à sa définition. La relation à la culture anglophone, en particulier en Asie, est le produit de l’histoire, et les relations politiques qu’entretiennent les pays indépendants avec l’ancienne métropole se déclinent de façon extrêmement variée, tant dans leur relation à la langue anglaise en tant que moyen de communication que dans la notion d’ethnicité. Le roman de Paul Theroux, Kowloon Tong (1998, en est un bon exemple. Il explore les conséquences du retrait brutal et affligeant d’une compagnie de textile anglais lors de la cession de Hong Kong à la Chine en 1997. Alliant les genres du roman historique, détective et sentimental, il met en scène l’opposition entre les valeurs traditionnelles britanniques qui se retirent et celles de la nouvelle classe dominante chinoise. Yasmine Gooneratne, écrivain du Sri Lanka, insiste, elle aussi, sur les conflits culturels, soit en s’inspirant du thème de son propre déplacement de Colombo à Sydney, en opposant au tourisme de masse les formes enchanteresses du folklore d’autrefois, ou encore en proposant une rencontre entre un riche héritage colonial et l’indépendance toute récente du Sri Lanka des années cinquante et soixante. Ainsi se creuse chez les écrivains contemporains une distance grandissante vis-à-vis de ce que furent au cours des siècles passés les valeurs incontestées de l’anglicité.

  19. Histoire des migrations et ethnicité à partir d’une réflexion en Asie du Sud-Est The history of migration and ethnicity from a South East Asian perspective. Towards an anthropology of borders?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Ivanoff

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Les mouvements multiformes de populations en Asie du Sud-Est, sont le résultat de guerres, de tracés de frontières, de conflits ethniques… Réfugiés, immigrés (légaux et illégaux ou déplacés, on ne compte plus les problèmes des États de la région pour gérer les flux de populations, notamment transfrontaliers. Ces derniers, de plus en plus importants, résultent de la conjonction de plusieurs facteurs, notamment l’ouverture des pays au commerce, la volonté de « régionaliser » l’Asie du Sud-Est et les déséquilibres économiques entre les pays. Pourquoi et comment les frontières modernes facilitent ces mouvements de populations, de quelques milliers de nomades vivant sur les frontières de plusieurs pays à des millions de travailleurs illégaux venus chercher un avenir dans un pays d’accueil. Par exemple, en dépit de l’imposition de règles administratives de plus en plus contraignantes, la porosité des frontières et les réseaux multiséculaires de certaines régions permettent une « inflation » des mouvements de populations. En trente ans, le nombre de réfugiés et de travailleurs immigrés dans le sud de la Thaïlande est passé de quelques centaines de milliers à plusieurs millions. La question des minorités se pose moins en termes de chiffres que d’identité. Les États-nations de la région n’arrivent pas à intégrer leurs populations frontalières. Les questions essentielles – qui est citoyen de tel ou tel pays et selon quels critères – sont loin d’être résolues. Les agences nationales et les Ong ont mis en œuvre des moyens pour gérer le flux et l’ambiguïté délibérément maintenue par les gouvernements sur des statuts des réfugiés et des travailleurs illégaux pour contrôler, selon leurs besoins, ces millions de personnes. Quels sont les facteurs déterminants qui entraînent ces déplacés vers des rêves souvent illusoires et dans des filières de plus en plus

  20. Asi pole ju ugrimugris / Mihkel Mutt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutt, Mihkel, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Autor analüüsib president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese esinemist Hantõ-Mansiiskis toimunud soome-ugri maailmakongressil ning leiab, et kui president oleks oma kõne pidanud inglise keele asemel eesti või vene keeles, oleks ülistanud soome-ugri rahvaste õitsengut Venemaal ning poleks saalist lahkunud Venemaa riigiduuma väliskomisjoni esimehe Konstantin Kossatshovi kõne ajal, ei oleks see muutnud Venemaa hoiakut Eesti suhtes tervikuna. Autor leiab, et võibolla pööras maailm tänu Eesti presidendi pisukesele demaršile natuke tähelepanu soome-ugri rahvaste olukorrale Venemaal. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Venemaal 27.-30.06.2008

  1. Nové počasie

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Cílek, Václav

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 2015, č. 1 (2015), s. 7-11. ISSN 1335-4000 Institutional support: RVO:67985831 Keywords : weather * climate changes * climatic extremes * environment * solar activity * atmosphere * greenhouse effect * ocean currents * temperature * Arctic oscillation * jet stream * floods * magnetic field * global warming Subject RIV: DG - Athmosphere Sciences, Meteorology

  2. Asi on otsustatud / [Sildnik, Sven] Kivisildnik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivisildnik, pseud., 1964-

    2007-01-01

    18. märtsil 2007 kehtima hakanud UNESCO kultuuri väljendusvormide mitmekesisuse kaitse ja edendamise konventsioonist (Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions)

  3. Hydrographic and Impairment Statistics Database: ASIS

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — Hydrographic and Impairment Statistics (HIS) is a National Park Service (NPS) Water Resources Division (WRD) project established to track certain goals created in...

  4. Multifunctional a-Si PV systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peippo, K.; Lund, P.; Vartiainen, E. [Helsinki Univ. of Technology, Otaniemi (Finland). Advanced Energy Systems

    1998-10-01

    The optimal use of the various forms of solar energy (passive, active, daylighting, photovoltaics) in buildings calls for an optimal integration of the technologies. As energy conservation potential in space heating may soon be exhausted, electricity efficiency and on-site generation will play an increasing role in energy-conscious building design. There, dispersed PV systems integrated into buildings show a significant market potential, due to a number of benefits: no extra land area is required, PV-array may replace conventional cladding materials and become a building element. Moreover, the produced PV-electricity is more valuable for the building owner than for an electric utility

  5. Infecção por clonorchis sinensis em imigrantes asiáticos no Brasil: tratamento com praziquantel Clonorchis sinensis infection in asian immigrants in Brazil: treatment with praziquantel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. H. M. Leite

    1989-12-01

    Full Text Available Estudaram-se quinze pacientes com infecção assintomática por Clonorchis sinensis, revelada através de exame parasitológico de fezes. Todos eram de origem asiática e procuraram o Laboratório Central do Instituto Adolfo Lutz para se submeterem a exames laboratoriais necessários à regularização de sua situação, face à nova legislação sobre imigrantes. Eram todos indivíduos adultos, seis pertencendo ao sexo feminino e nove ao masculino. Os quinze pacientes com clonorquíase foram internados no Hospital das Clínicas da FMUSP e tratados com Praziquantel, na dosagem de 60 mg/kg de peso corporal, dividida em duas tomadas. Foram realizados exames coprológicos quantitativos (método de Kato-Katz, antes do tratamento específico e no 15º, 30º e 60º dias após a terapêutica. Na última avaliação (60? dia após terapêutica, em nove pacientes (60,0% não se encontraram ovos do trematódeo nas fezes e nos seis (40,0%, que continuavam eliminando ovos, notou-se redução na quantidade eliminada (superior a 90% em cinco e a 30% no paciente restante. Os pacientes foram também submetidos a exames subsidiários, para avaliação do estado geral e função hepática, antes da administração de Praziquantel e, posteriormente, no seguimento ambulatorial. A medicação foi relativamente bem tolerada pelos pacientes, verificando-se a ocorrência de efeitos colaterais representados por náuseas e vômitos (dois casos, vertigens e tonturas (dois casos, epigastralgia (dois casos e diarréia no 3? dia após tratamento (um caso.Fifteen adult patients with assymptomatic infection due to Clonorchis sinensis, diagnosed by coprological examination, were studied. They all came from Asia (twelve from Taiwan, two from South Korea and one from Hong Kong and were examined at the Adolfo Lutz Institute and the Department of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, in São Paulo, Brazil. Six patients were women and nine men. All

  6. Fatores preditivos de incapacidades em pacientes com hanseníase Factores predictivos de incapacidades en pacientes con hanseníasis Predictive factors of disability in patients with leprosy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soraya Diniz Gonçalves

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO:Analisar os fatores preditivos na evolução do grau de incapacidade em pacientes com hanseníase. MÉTODOS:Foram analisados dados de coorte retrospectiva, que acompanhou 595 pacientes com incapacidades, registrados em uma unidade de saúde de Belo Horizonte (MG, de 1993 a 2003. Informações sociodemográficas e clínicas dos pacientes foram coletadas dos respectivos prontuários. Comparou-se o grau de incapacidade na admissão e no final do tratamento por meio do teste de homogeneidade marginal. Para identificar os fatores associados à evolução do grau de incapacidade foram utilizadas as análises univariada (teste qui-quadrado de tendência linear e multivariada pelo algoritmo Chi-square Automatic Interaction Detector. RESULTADOS:Dos casos com registro de grau de incapacidade na admissão e na alta, observou-se que 43,2% que tinham grau 1 na primeira avaliação evoluíram para grau 0. Dos que apresentavam grau 2, 21,3% passaram a ter grau 0 e 20% passaram a grau 1. Na análise univariada as variáveis que se mostraram estatisticamente associadas à evolução no grau de incapacidade foram: neurite, tempo até a ocorrência de neurite, número de nervos acometidos, tipo de tratamento fisioterápico e maior dose de prednisona. Na análise multivariada, o principal fator que se associou à evolução do grau de incapacidade foi o grau de incapacidade na admissão. CONCLUSÕES:Os resultados mostraram a importância do diagnóstico precoce de neuropatia, assim como da eficiente associação das intervenções medicamentosas e não-medicamentosas por meio das técnicas de prevenção de incapacidade e dosagens adequadas de corticoterapia.OBJETIVO: Analizar los factores predictivos en la evolución del grado de incapacidad en pacientes con hanseníasis. MÉTODOS: Fueron analizados datos de cohorte retrospectiva, que acompañó 595 pacientes con incapacidades, registrados en una unidad de salud de Belo Horizonte (Sureste de Brasil, de

  7. Óleos essenciais no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja Phakopsora pachyrhizi Syd. & P. Syd. Essential oils used in the control of asian soybean rust Phakopsora pachyrhizi Syd. & P. Syd.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regiane Medice

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se com este trabalho avaliar o potencial de óleos essenciais na inibição da germinação de urediniósporos de Phakopsora pachyrhizi e na redução da severidade dos sintomas da ferrugem asiática em casa-de-vegetação. O experimento foi conduzido em duas etapas. Na primeira, foram adicionados em placas de Petri contendo 10 mL de meio de cultura agar-água óleos essenciais de Corymbia citriodora (eucalipto citriodora,Cymbopogon nardus (citronela,Azadirachta indica (nim e Thymus vulgaris L (tomilho nas concentrações 1%, 0,5%, 1% e 0,3%, respectivamente para cada óleo. Em placas controles foi adicionado 1mL de água. Sobre as placas foram adicionados 100µL de urediniósporos na concentração de 5 mg/mL de água. As placas foram incubadas por 4 horas a 25ºC e logo depois avaliada a porcentagem de germinação. Na segunda etapa, em casa-de-vegetação, os óleos foram aplicados nas mesmas concentrações em plantas de soja, cultivares MG/BR46 (Conquista e Suprema, aos 7 dias antes, 15 e 30 dias depois da inoculação. Os parâmetros avaliados foram incidência e número de pústulas por cm² de área foliar. Foram também coletadas folhas para preparação de amostras para microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV. Constatou-se que os óleos nas concentrações utilizadas inibiram 100% a germinação dos urediniósporos em meio ágar-água. Em casa-de-vegetação observou-se que todos os óleos retardaram a evolução da doença quando comparado com o controle, sendo que a severidade foi reduzida em média de 34,6 a 60,7% na cultivar MG/BR46 (Conquista e de 45,7 a 62, 3% na cultivar Suprema, em relação ao controle. Nas observações em MEV observou-se que houve murchamento dos urediniósporos, quando tratados com óleo de tomilho. Para os demais tratamentos observou-se apenas redução no tamanho das urédias. Com isso podemos inferir que os óleos essenciais utilizados têm potencial para reduzir o ataque do fungo em plantas

  8. Controle da hanseníase no Estado de São Paulo: análise histórica Control de la hanseníasis en el Estado de Sao Paulo, Brasil: análisis histórico Hansen's disease control in the State of São Paulo: a historical analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Araujo Opromolla

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Para controle da hanseníase, doença infectocontagiosa conhecida desde os tempos bíblicos, são mostradas as intrincadas convergências de histórias nacionais, de políticas médicas, governamentais e internacionais. O estudo descreve a história e as ações de controle da hanseníase, a partir do começo do século XIX, no estado de São Paulo, e sua conexão com o desenvolvimento da saúde pública, utilizando análises bibliográficas e documentais.Para control de la hanseníasis, enfermedad infectocontagiosa conocida desde los tiempos bíblicos, se muestran las intrincadas convergencias de historias brasileñas, de políticas médicas, gubernamentales e internacionales. El estudio describe la historia y las acciones de control de la hanseníasis, a partir del comienzo del siglo XIX, en el estado de Sao Paulo, y su conexión con el desarrollo de la salud pública, utilizando análisis bibliográficas y documentales.Leprosy is an infectious contagious disease known since Biblical times. Global effort for disease control reveals intricate convergences of national history and of medical, governmental, and international policies. The study describes the history of Hansen's disease and control actions undertaken in the state of São Paulo starting in the 19th century and its connection with the development of public health in that state, by means of a bibliographic and documental analysis.

  9. Dengue in Southeast Asia: epidemiological characteristics and strategic challenges in disease prevention Dengue no Sudeste Asiático: características epidemiológicas e desafios estratégicos na prevenção da doença

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eng-Eong Ooi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Dengue emerged as a public health burden in Southeast Asia during and following the Second World War and has become increasingly important, with progressively longer and more frequent cyclical epidemics of dengue fever/dengue hemorrhagic fever. Despite this trend, surveillance for this vector-borne viral disease remains largely passive in most Southeast Asian countries, without adequate laboratory support. We review here the factors that may have contributed to the changing epidemiology of dengue in Southeast Asia as well as challenges of disease prevention. We also discuss a regional approach to active dengue virus surveillance, focusing on urban areas where the viruses are maintained, which may be a solution to limited financial resources since most of the countries in the region have developing economies. A regional approach would also result in a greater likelihood of success in disease prevention since the large volume of human travel is a major factor contributing to the geographical spread of dengue viruses.A dengue emergiu como problema de saúde pública no Sudeste Asiático durante e após a Segunda Guerra Mundial, e vem se agravando cada vez mais, com epidemias cíclicas progressivamente mais longas e freqüentes de dengue e de febre hemorrágica da dengue. Apesar dessa tendência, a vigilância dessa virose transmitida por vetores permanece basicamente passiva na maioria dos países do Sudeste Asiático, sem apoio laboratorial adequado. O artigo apresenta uma revisão dos fatores que podem ter contribuído para a mudança no perfil epidemiológico da dengue na região, além de discutir os desafios para a prevenção da doença. Analisa-se também uma abordagem regional para a vigilância ativa dos vírus da dengue, focando as áreas urbanas onde eles se mantêm, o que pode representar uma solução à limitação de recursos financeiros, uma vez que a maioria dos pa��ses da região tem economias em desenvolvimento. Uma abordagem

  10. Ainuke püsiv asi on muutumine / Anneliis Aunapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aunapuu, Anneliis

    2008-01-01

    Taani audiovideotehnikat disainivast firmast Jacob Jensen Design. Jacob Jenseni (sünd. 1926) asutatud büroo loomingut tutvustab tema poeg Timothy Jacob Jensen (sünd. 1962). Eesti disaini tasemest, Jaapani disainitoodangust. Esikaanel ja lk. B3 fotod Timothy Jacob Jensenist

  11. El nexo asiático: APEC Y ASEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HADI SOESASTRO

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Dentro de la estructura internacional de hoy en día existen tres centros que se han ido configurando como importantes polos de desarrollo: América, Europa y Asia. De los tres, este último es quizás el más débil, aunque también se presenta como una región de grandes oportunidades. A partir de la configuración de APEC, a finales de los ochenta, Asia ha intentado establecer relaciones con la cuenca del Pacífico y, a partir 1996, con Europa, su relación más débil dentro de este esquema tripolar. Si en Europa el núcleo de la región es la Unión Europea, en América lo es el NAFTA, que reúne a Estados Unidos, México y Canadá y que podría convertirse en el embrión de una gran área de libre comercio en las Américas (ALCA. En Asia, aún no existe un núcleo formal. Este artículo describe como la región se encuentra en un proceso de formación de su identidad, y como de su resultado depende la posición y relaciones que se darán entre los tres polos ya mencionados

  12. Külateatri taaslooja sai kingiks esietenduse / Leiu Asi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Asi, Leiu

    2003-01-01

    Mooste külateater Virvendus tõi esietendusena lavale Lydia Koidula "Säärane mulk ehk sada vakka tangusoola", millega tähistati ka külateatri taaslooja ja kauaaegse eestvedaja Karl Pilvistu 80. aasta juubelit

  13. Asi läheb tõsiseks / Mari Laaniste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laaniste, Mari, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Harry Potteri viies film "Harry Potter ja Fööniksi ordu" ("Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix") : režissöör David Yates : stsenarist Michael Goldenberg : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Suurbritannia 2007

  14. Electrospun a-Si using Liquid Silane/Polymer Inks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D.L. Schulz; J.M. Hoey; J. Smith; J. Lovaasen; C. Braun; X. Dai; K. Anderson; A. Elangovan; X. Wu; S. Payne; K. Pokhodnya; I. Akhatov; L. Pederson; P. Boudjouk

    2010-12-01

    Amorphous silicon nanowires (a-SiNWs) were prepared by electrospinning cyclohexasilane (Si{sub 6}H{sub 12}) admixed with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) in toluene. Raman spectroscopy characterization of these wires (d {approx} 50-2000 nm) shows 350 C treatment yields a-SiNWs. Porous a-SiNWs are obtained using a volatile polymer.

  15. "Kalevi naised" - mis asi see oli? / Andres Keil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keil, Andres, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Produtsent Kristian Taska Kalev Spordis näitamiseks valminud Venezuela seebiseriaali Eesti oludele mugandatud "Kalevi naised" esimene osa (lavastaja Ingomar Vihman, osades Maria Avdjushko, Jan Uuspõld, Britta Vahur)

  16. Populační problém Asie

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Bich Ngoc

    2015-01-01

    The topic of this thesis is Population Problem of Asia. The work anylyses not only population development in Asia, but also in the world. A significant part is dedicated to these three countries: PRC, India and Vietnam, where are examined their population politics and current population problems. These countries were successful with slowing down the population growth, but as for PRC and Vietnam ageing and shrinking population is a new phenomen. Moreover, the thesis also mentions future popula...

  17. Battue ou chasse à courre, en Somalie ou en Asie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Frécon

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Le second semestre 2008 a été marqué par une explosion des actes de piraterie au large de la Corne de l’Afrique. Les efforts déployés en réaction se sont révélés être si désordonnés qu’ils risquent de ne pas être très efficaces. Plus à l’est, les riverains du détroit de Malacca ont réussi à chasser les pirates. Cependant, ce succès souvent montré en exemple demeure relatif et en aucun cas dû aux seules patrouilles mises en place.Since last August, there were markedly more attacks registered off the Horn of Africa. The lack of coordination between the numerous initiatives is making surveillance operations inefficient. Further in the east, the littoral States along the Malacca Straits have managed to expel the pirates. Nevertheless, this success – often showed as an example – is not total. Moreover, it is not only due to the sea and air patrols.

  18. Mis asi on OÜ Visible Solutions? / Indrek Grigor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grigor, Indrek

    2011-01-01

    Kunstiteos-ettevõtte OÜ Visible Solutions (juhatus: Sigrid Viir, Taaniel Raudsepp, Karel Koplimets) näitus "Adam Smithi Lemmik Nähtamatu Käsi Puuris" Tartu Kunstimajas 18. dets.-ni 2011. Kunstiprojekt firmast, mille tegevuse objekt on loomemajanduse kritiseerimine, mida tehakse viimase toimeloogika kunstiväljal eksponeerimise abil

  19. Kasumlikkus kui kunst. Neurolingvistika kui hirmus keeruline asi / Aavo Kokk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kokk, Aavo, 1964-

    2004-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Adrian Slywotzky. Kasumlikkuse kunst. Tallinn, 2003 ja Anthony Robbins. Sisemine jõud. Tartu, 2003. Vt. samas: Rets. rmt.: Leif Edvinsson. Ettevõtluse pikkuskraadid. Avastusretk teadmusmajandusse. Tallinn, 2003. Kommenteerib Arvo Pihl

  20. Majanduse tulemuslikkus ELi riikide enda asi / Stefano Micossi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Micossi, Stefano

    2004-01-01

    Autori hinnangul peaks Euroopa Komisjoni uus koosseis Lissaboni strateegia kõrvale jätma, keskendudes selle asemel Euroopa ühisturu loomise lõpuniviimisele ning liikmesriikide eelarvepoliitikate kontrolli all hoidmisele

  1. Spazio ASI, INFN e Nobel Ting a caccia di antimateria

    CERN Multimedia

    Boz,

    2003-01-01

    "Una apparecchiatura per la ricerca dell' antimateria che nell'autunno del 2005 sara' installata sulla Stazione Spaziale e' al centro di un accordo di collaborazione tra l'Agenzia Spaziale Italiana e il Nobel Samuel Ting, del Mit e del Cern di Ginevra, firmato oggi a Roma (1 page).

  2. CONFUSION IN SIMPLE STATE / YALIN DURUM KARMAŞASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Assoc. Prof. Dr. Kerime ÜSTÜNOVA

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available The simple state which is shown with zero form unit in Turkish is a type of state incorporating language units that are at position of subject. Therefore only the language units that assume "noun” and “pronoun” functions are able to stay in simple state. Even if they are of noun origin, because adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions and exclamations can not enter into noun state inflection, they do not show the characteristic of simple state. However the language units having assumed the function of a noun may only enter into simple state inflection if they undertake the function of indicating the work, event, rendering and one who performs the action, establishing a connection with the verb.

  3. Multifilm kui tõsine asi / Marko Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Marko

    1998-01-01

    Esilinastus 6 animafilmi : "Vares ja hiired", autorid Priit Tender ja Mikk Rand; "Just märried", autor Peep Pedmanson; "Päevavalgus", autor Mait Laas; "Tom ja Fluffy", režissöörid Janno Põldma ja Heiki Ernits; "Bermuda", autor Ülo Pikkov; "Primavera", režissöörid Riho Unt ja Hardi Volmer

  4. Alterações nos fatores de competição da indústria calçadista exportadora devido à entrada de competidores asiáticos Changes in competitive factors in footwear export industry due to arrival Asian producers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giancarlo Medeiros Pereira

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta uma análise das modificações observadas entre 1990 e 2008 nos fatores de competição vigentes na indústria calçadista do Vale do Rio dos Sinos voltada à exportação para grandes redes de varejo nos Estados Unidos. Essas alterações resultam das novas condições de competitividade que lhes foram impostas pela entrada de competidores asiáticos, principalmente chineses, no mercado. Foi utilizada a metodologia do estudo de caso exploratório qualitativo. As principais técnicas de pesquisa foram a entrevista semiestruturada e o grupo focado com gestores especialistas. Foram entrevistados gestores praticantes e especialistas acadêmicos com atividades nas empresas. Como resultado, observou-se que os atores do processo de produção para exportação de calçados aumentaram a importância das dimensões diversidade de modelos, qualidade, inovação, velocidade e flexibilidade de produto e reduziram a importância das dimensões volume de produção e preço de venda. As dimensões design, performance e pontualidade permaneceram inalteradas. A principal contribuição do artigo é desvelar elementos que permitam a formulação de hipóteses para estudos futuros, mais completos, acerca do impacto das alterações mercadológicas sobre fatores competitivos e estratégia de produção.The paper presents an analysis of the changes observed in competitive factors in the footwear industry aimed at the Brazilian-based export industry, due to the arrival of Asian producers, the Chinese in particular, in the market. The research method was a qualitative exploratory case study. The main research techniques were semi-structured interviews and focus groups. Managers, experts and academics involved in the companies participated. As a result, we discovered that the impact of these new producers has been to sharpen the following competitive dimensions: diversity of models, quality, innovation, speed of delivery and flexibility. The

  5. The Afro-Asian cyclopoid Mesocyclops aspericornis (Crustacea: Copepoda in eastern Mexico with comments on the distribution of exotic copepods El cyclopoide afro-asiático Mesocyclops aspericornis (Crustacea: Copepoda en el este de México con comentarios sobre la distribución de copépodos exóticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Suárez-Morales

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The Afro-Asian freshwater copepod Mesocyclops aspericornis (Daday, 1906, deemed as an exotic species in the Americas, is known to occur disjunctly in Mexico, South America, and the insular Caribbean. Adult females of this species were recorded.from samples collected in the state of Veracruz, on the Atlantic coast of Mexico.The morphology of these specimens is identical in most characters to those described or depicted in previous taxonomic accounts. The 3 known Mexican populations belong to the "western" group of M. aspericornis. The subtle morphological variations among the Mexican populations and their isolation suggest that each could be the result of independent events of dispersion or introduction via aquaculture. This is the third confirmed report of M. aspericornis in Mexico, but the first one in the Atlantic side of Middle America. The states of Tabasco and Chiapas harbour 3 of the 4 species of exotic freshwater copepods known to occur in Mexico.El copépodo dulceacuícola afro-asiático Mesocyclops aspericornis (Daday, 1906, considerado como especie exótica en América, se sabía presente de modo disperso en México, Sudamérica y en las islas del Caribe. A partir de muestras recolectadas en el estado de Veracruz, en la costa del Atlántico de México, se registraron hembras adultas de esta especie. La morfología de estos ejemplares es idéntica en la mayoría de los caracteres a la descrita o ilustrada en trabajos taxonómicos previos. Las 3 poblaciones conocidas en México pertenecen al grupo "occidental" de M. aspericornis. Las sutiles variaciones morfológicas entre las poblaciones mexicanas y su aislamiento sugieren que cada una podría ser resultado de eventos independientes por dispersión o introducción vía la acuacultura. Este es el tercer registro confirmado de M. aspericornis en México, pero el primero en Mesoamérica en el lado del Atlántico. Los estados de Tabasco y Chiapas alojan 3 de las 4 especies de copépodos ex

  6. Prevalência de HIV em gestantes e transmissão vertical segundo perfil socioeconômico, Vitória, ES Factores asociados a recidiva en hanseníasis en Mato Grosso, Centro-oeste de Brasil HIV prevalence in pregnant women and vertical transmission in according to socioeconomic status, Southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Caroline Barbosa Cerqueira Vieira

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a prevalência de infecção por HIV em gestantes e a taxa de transmissão vertical, segundo o perfil socioeconômico dos bairros de residência das mães. MÉTODOS: Estudo ecológico exploratório utilizando a base de dados do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação de gestantes HIV-positivas e aids em crianças notificadas entre 2000 e 2006 em Vitória, ES. Para análise das informações socioeconômicas foi utilizado o Índice de Qualidade Urbana. A prevalência de HIV em gestantes e a taxa de transmissão vertical foram calculadas. A distribuição espacial dos casos foi realizada no programa Terraview 3.2.0. Para verificar a associação entre a qualidade urbana e a prevalência de HIV em gestantes utilizou-se o modelo de regressão de Poisson. RESULTADOS: Um total de 137 gestantes e 14 crianças infectadas por transmissão vertical foi notificado no período. Sete crianças correspondiam a mães HIV-positivas sem notificação de caso no período analisado. A prevalência de infecção em gestantes no período foi de 0,44% e a taxa de transmissão vertical foi de 9,7%. CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência de infecção por HIV em gestantes e a transmissão vertical associam-se à qualidade urbana do bairro de residência, indicando que os bairros com menor qualidade urbana devem ser priorizados quanto às ações para redução da transmissão vertical.OBJETIVO: Analizar factores asociados a la ocurrencia de recidiva en hanseníasis. MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo caso-control con 159 pacientes mayores de 15 años diagnosticados con hanseníasis en cinco municipios del Estado de Mato Grosso, Centro-oeste de Brasil, cuyas unidades de salud eran consideradas de referencia para el atendimiento. El grupo de casos incluyó 53 individuos con recidiva de 2005 a 2007 y fue comparado con el grupo control (106 con alta por cura en 2005, pareados por sexo y clasificación operacional. Se usaron datos del Sistema de Informaci

  7. Controle químico da ferrugem asiática da soja em função de ponta de pulverização e de volume de calda Soybean asian rust control influenced by spray volumes and spray nozzles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Paulo Arantes Rodrigues da Cunha

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available As pontas de pulverização são um dos componentes mais importantes dos pulverizadores hidráulicos para aplicação de agrotóxicos. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o controle químico da ferrugem asiática e a deposição da calda fungicida aplicada na cultura da soja, em função de diferentes volumes de aplicação e de tipos de ponta de pulverização. O ensaio foi conduzido no delineamento em blocos ao acaso, com quatro repetições, em esquema bifatorial (4 x 2 + 1: quatro tipos de ponta de pulverização (jato plano padrão, jato plano de pré-orifício, jato plano de indução de ar e jato plano duplo de indução de ar, dois volumes de aplicação (115 e 160L ha-1 e um tratamento adicional, que não recebeu fungicida (testemunha. Realizou-se a semeadura direta da cultivar "Emgopa 313" (ciclo tardio, avaliando-se, após a aplicação do fungicida tebuconazole com as diferentes pontas e volumes, a deposição de calda no dossel da cultura, a severidade da ferrugem e a produtividade. Constatou-se que, apesar de o volume de calda de 160L ha-1 e de a utilização da ponta de jato plano padrão terem proporcionado maior uniformidade de distribuição da calda fungicida nas plantas, não houve influência do tipo de ponta de pulverização e do volume de aplicação no controle da ferrugem e na produtividade da cultura da soja. O fungicida tebuconazole propiciou bom controle da ferrugem, refletindo na produtividade de grãos, que foi, em média, 41% superior à obtida na testemunha.The spray nozzles are one of the most important components of pesticide hydraulic sprayers. This study aimed at evaluating the chemical control of the rust and the deposition of fungicide sprayed on soybean concerning different nozzles, and application volumes. A randomized complete-block design with four replications was used, in a factorial model (4 x 2 + 1: four spray nozzles (standard flat fan, pre-orifice flat fan, air induction flat fan and

  8. Pengaruh Konsumsi Susu Kedelai Terhadap Produksi ASI Di Klinik Wipa Tahun 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Sianturi, Yohana

    2015-01-01

    Background : exclusive breastfeeding is the best investment for the health and intelligence of children. The benefits of exclusive breastfeeding in accordance with one of the objectives of the Millenium Development Goals of reducing child mortality and improving maternal health, WHO stated that approximately 15% of total deaths of children under the age of five in developing countries are caused by breastfeeding is not exclusive. As for one of the factors that may affect breast milk productio...

  9. ASIS '99 Knowledge: Creation, Organization and Use, Part III: Plenary Sessions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proceedings of the ASIS Annual Meeting, 1999

    1999-01-01

    Describes the following sessions: "Knowledge Management: A Celebration of Humans Connected with Quality Information Objects (Plenary Session 1); "Intellectual Property Rights and the Emerging Information Infrastructure (Plenary Session 2); and "Knowledge: Creation, Organization and Use (Conference Wrap-up Session). (AEF)

  10. Daylight measurements and calculations with an a-Si photovoltaic solar facade[amorphous silicon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vartiainen, E.; Maeki-Petaeys, K.; Lund, P.D. [Helsinki Univ. of Technology, Advanced Energy Systems, Helsinki (Finland)

    2000-07-01

    A multifunctional solar facade consisting of transparent glazing and amorphous silicon photovoltaic panels has been tested at Helsinki University of Technology, Finland (60 deg. N). The facade has a central window and PV panels below and beside the window, with gaps of clear glazing between the PV panels beside the window. The daylight illuminance inside a test room behind the facade was measured at three horizontal points on the interior desk level. Assuming a lighting requirement of 500 lx and continuous electric light dimming, the average daylight availability DA was about 55% during the office hours (9 am to 5 pm) for the test room during the measurement period from October to March. The DA for the summer months was almost 100%. However, no blinds were used at the test facade. For that reason, the DA was also calculated for a typical office room at four European locations with an optimized facade layout which has, as an addition to the test facade, Venetian blinds in the central section of the facade, and PV panels above the central clear-glazing window with gaps of diffusive glazing between these PV panels, so that no blinds are necessary at the top section of the facade. The yearly average DA for the optimized facade ranged from 60% in Sodankylae, Finland (67 deg. N) to almost 90% in Trapani, Sicily (38 deg. N). A continuous daylight-responsive electric light dimming and blind control system was used for the calculations. (au)

  11. Coastal Vulnrability (CVI) dataset for Assateague Island National Seashore (asis_shore)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — A coastal vulnerability index (CVI) was used to map the relative vulnerability of the coast to future sea-level rise within Assateague Island National Seashore in...

  12. Kas laste päevahoid on ainult omavalitsuse asi? / Katrin Saks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saks, Katrin, 1956-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Virumaa Teataja, Nädaline, Vooremaa, Koitr, Põhjarannik, Severnoje Poberezhje 9. mai lk. 11,2,2,6,22, Vali Uudised 10. mai lk. 2, Meie Maa 11. mai lk. 2, Sakala 12. mai lk. 2, Pärnu Postimees 16. mai lk. 19, Lõunaleht 18. mai lk. 2, Lääne Elu 27. mai lk. 2. Autori hinnangul peaks riik andma 600 lisamiljonit omavalitsustele rajamaks väikelastele korralik päevahoiusüsteem. Muljeid Räpina lasteaia külastusest

  13. PERBEDAAN KADAR ZAT BESI ASI PADA IBU MENYUSUI ANEMIA DAN TIDAK ANEMIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fitrah Ernawati

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background: National House Hold Survey reported in  2001, that prevalence of anemia among infants 0-6 month old is 61%. Anemia among young infants presumably is caused by lack of breast milk iron since young infants got their nutrient mostly from  breast milk. Objectives: The objective of the study is to assess the differences of breast milk iron concentration between   anemic and non anemic of lactating mothers. Methods: The design of the study is cross-sectional. The study was done in Bogor District from April to December 2004. Samples of the study were lactating mothers who have 2-4 month old children. Results: The study found out that 34% samples had anemia. There was a significant difference (p<0.05, feritin concentration (33.24 µg/dl vs 67.86 µg/dl, and breast milk iron concentration (0.15 mg/l vs 0.28 mg/l between anemic and non anemic samples. Conclusions: The concentration of feritin, breast milk iron of the non-anemic samples were higher than the anemic samples. [Penel Gizi Makan 2007, 30(1: 8-12] Keywords: anemia status, breast milk iron, ferritin

  14. PENGARUH PEMBERIAN VITAMIN B KOMPLEKS PADA IBU MENYUSUI TERHADAP KUALITAS AIR SUSU IBU (ASI)

    OpenAIRE

    Djoko Kartono; Suhartato Suhartato; Sudjasmin Sudjasmin

    2012-01-01

    Deficiency in vitamin B complex during lactating period results in low level of the vitamins in the breast milk. In severe deficiency it can cause biochemical changes lead to development and growth retardation especially among exclusive breast feeding infant. A study was conducted in subdistrict Ciomas, district of Bogor amongst 73 lactating mothers of 0-5 months infants. They were grouped into treatment group (39) and control group (34). The treatment group received vitamin B complex contain...

  15. PENGARUH PEMBERIAN VITAMIN B KOMPLEKS PADA IBU MENYUSUI TERHADAP KUALITAS AIR SUSU IBU (ASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djoko Kartono

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Deficiency in vitamin B complex during lactating period results in low level of the vitamins in the breast milk. In severe deficiency it can cause biochemical changes lead to development and growth retardation especially among exclusive breast feeding infant. A study was conducted in subdistrict Ciomas, district of Bogor amongst 73 lactating mothers of 0-5 months infants. They were grouped into treatment group (39 and control group (34. The treatment group received vitamin B complex contained 6 mg of vitamin B1, 6.5 mcg of vitamin B12 and 500 mcg of folic acid every day for three months and no intervention for control group. The dosage was five times higher than the recommended allowance for vitamin B1 and B12 and just in the recommended level for folic acid for lactating mothers of 0-6 month old infant. The aimed of this study was to know its effect on the breast milk composition, nutritional status and food consumption pattern of the mothers and their infant. There was no significant improvement in the level of vitamin B1, B12 and folic acid as the effect of the intervention. The level of vitamin B1 in breast milk was adequate for the infant based on the recommended allowance level for lactating mothers of 0-4 months exclusive breast feeding infant but not for vitamins B12 and folid acid. These results suggest either the dose is too low of the duration of supplementation too short. Keywords: supplementation, vitamin B complex, lactating mother, breast milk

  16. ASI: Dunaliella marine microalgae to drop-in replacement liquid transportation fuel

    KAUST Repository

    Wang, Weicheng

    2013-09-11

    Microalgae are a promising biofuels feedstock, theoretically yielding concentrations of triacylglycerides (TAGs) per unit area that are far higher than traditional feedstocks due to their rapid growth. Dunaliella is particularly advantageous as a feedstock because it is currently commercially mass cultured, thrives in salt water, and has no cell wall. Fourteen strains of Dunaliella have been investigated for growth rates and lipid production in mass culture and tested for enhanced lipid production under a range of environmental stressors including salinity, pH, nitrogen and phosphorus limitation, and light regime. The nuclear genome has been sequenced for four of these strains, with the objective of increasing carbon flux through genetic engineering. Electroflocculation followed by osmotic membrane rupturing may be a very energy and cost efficient means of harvesting the lipid bodies from Dunaliella. A technically feasible and scalable thermo-catalytic process to convert the lipids into replacements for liquid transportation fuels has been developed. The lipids were converted into long-chain alkanes through continuous thermal hydrolysis followed by fed-batch thermo-catalytic decarboxylation. These alkanes can be reformed into renewable diesel via conventional catalytic hydrocarbon isomerization reactions to improve cold flow properties, if desired. © 2013 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Environ Prog, 32: 916-925, 2013 Copyright © 2013 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Environ Prog.

  17. Peeter Jalakas : Elamine on väga isiklik asi / Anu Aaremäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aaremäe, Anu

    2007-01-01

    Stephen Hawkingi raamatu "A Brief History of Time" aineline lavastus "Õnne valem", helilooja Gavin Bryars, autor ja lavastaja Peeter Jalakas, Tallinna tollilaos. Von Krahli Teatri lavastaja etenduse sünnist, endast, ökoloogilisest mõtlemisest, teatri tulevikuplaanidest

  18. Pengaruh Dukungan Keluarga terhadap Pemberian ASI Eksklusif di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Gurilla Pematangsiantar

    OpenAIRE

    Simbolon, Pomarida

    2012-01-01

    Exclusive breastfeeding is very important for babies’ health and immunity because mother’s milk contains high protein which is needed to complete by the growth and development of cranial nerve and brain, gives immune body toward some diseases, and brings about emotional tie between a mother and her baby. The exclusive breastfeeding coverage in Indonesia was generally low; 20 out of 80 percent of being targeted. This condition also occured at the working area of Gurilla Health Center, Pemata...

  19. Hubungan Sosial Budaya Ibu Menyusui dengan Pemberian ASI Eksklusif di Kabupaten Bener Meriah Tahun 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Anggraini, Yulita

    2015-01-01

    Culture is a cognitive system – a system that consist of knowledge, trust and values that were in the mind of the individual members of society. To increasing the quality of humans need as early as possible since the baby, one of the factor that play an important role to increasing the quality of human is breastfeeding (breastmilk ). This research is aimed to determine the relations of socio –cultural with exclusive breastfeeding in the regency of Bener Meriah. This research included to ...

  20. Determinan Pemberian ASI Eksklusif di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Woyla Barat Kabupaten Aceh Barat

    OpenAIRE

    Khairunnisak

    2013-01-01

    The coverage of exclusive breastfeeding in the working area of Woyla Barat Health Center, Aceh Barat District has not reached the target set of 60%. Of the 154 babies of 0 - 6 months old in 2012, the coverage of exclusive breastfeeding was 33%. This shows that the coverage of exclusive breastfeeding is still low. The purpose of this explanatory survey study was to analyze the influence of the determining factors including supports from husband/mother and/or mother-in-law, exposure to info...

  1. Role of a disperse carbon interlayer on the performances of tandem a-Si solar cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreia Araújo, Raquel Barros, Tiago Mateus, Diana Gaspar, Nuno Neves, António Vicente, Sergej A Filonovich, Pedro Barquinha, Elvira Fortunato, Ana M Ferraria, Ana M Botelho do Rego, Ana Bicho, Hugo Águas and Rodrigo Martins

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We report the effect of a disperse carbon interlayer between the n-a-Si:H layer and an aluminium zinc oxide (AZO back contact on the performance of amorphous silicon solar cells. Carbon was incorporated to the AZO film as revealed by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and energy-dispersive x-ray analysis. Solar cells fabricated on glass substrates using AZO in the back contact performed better when a disperse carbon interlayer was present in their structure. They exhibited an initial efficiency of 11%, open-circuit voltage Voc = 1.6 V, short-circuit current JSC = 11 mA cm−2 and a filling factor of 63%, that is, a 10% increase in the JSC and 20% increase in the efficiency compared to a standard solar cell.

  2. Mart Kivastik: filmis on asi esimese kahe minutiga selge / intervjueerinud Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivastik, Mart, 1963-

    2011-01-01

    Mart Kivastik oma esimesest täispikast mängufilmist "Üks mu sõber", eesti filmi ummikseisust, tugevatest stsenaristidest, oma stsenaristitööst "Taarkas" ja "Vashas", filmidest, mida ta tahaks teha, endast, oma tõekspidamistest

  3. Escurecimento interno de pêra asiática 'Ya Li' durante o armazenamento refrigerado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BRACKMANN AURI

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A pêra 'Ya Li' apresenta escurecimento da polpa poucos dias após o armazenamento refrigerado. Este trabalho objetivou avaliar condições de armazenamento visando a diminuir os danos pela baixa temperatura inicial em peras 'Ya Li'. As condições iniciais estabelecidas foram: 1 0ºC; 2 5ºC, nos 10 primeiros dias, com redução de 0,7ºC por dia, durante sete dias; 3 10ºC nos 10 primeiros dias, com redução de 1,4ºC por dia, durante sete dias; 4 10º C nos 10 primeiros dias, com redução de 1,4ºC por dia, durante sete dias, sempre em atmosfera controlada (2,0kPa de O2 e < 1,0kPa de CO2; 5 10ºC nos 10 dias iniciais, com posterior exposição direta dos frutos a 0ºC. Em seqüência aos tratamentos iniciais, os frutos foram submetidos ao armazenamento refrigerado a 0ºC, com exceção do tratamento "4" que foi mantido continuamente em atmosfera controlada. Após 52 dias de armazenamento, verificou-se escurecimento interno, superior a 68% em todos os tratamentos. As temperaturas mais elevadas, no início, não evitaram a ocorrência do escurecimento durante o armazenamento.

  4. Design of DroDeASys (Drowsy Detection and Alarming System)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juvale, Hrishikesh B.; Mahajan, Anant S.; Bhagwat, Ashwin A.; Badiger, Vishal T.; Bhutkar, Ganesh D.; Dhabe, Priyadarshan S.; Dhore, Manikrao L.

    The paper discusses the Drowsy Detection & Alarming System that has been developed, using a non-intrusive approach. The system is basically developed to detect drivers dozing at the wheel at night time driving. The system uses a small infra-red night vision camera that points directly towards the driver`s face and monitors the driver`s eyes in order to detect fatigue. In such a case when fatigue is detected, a warning signal is issued to alert the driver. This paper discusses the algorithms that have been used to detect drowsiness. The decision whether the driver is dozing or not is taken depending on whether the eyes are open for a specific number of frames. If the eyes are found to be closed for a certain number of consecutive frames then the driver is alerted with an alarm.

  5. Toomas Hendrik Ilves : Euroopas polnud Lihula asi jututeemaks / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Rannar Raba

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2004-01-01

    Euroopa Parlamenti kuuluva Toomas Hendrik Ilvese väitel ei pakkunud Lihula skandaalne monument enne selle mahavõtmist Euroopa Liidu võimukoridorides mingisugust kõneainet. Europarlamendi saadik rõhutas, et Teises maailmasõjas võidelnuid on võimalik vääriliselt mälestada ka kuritegelike režiimide sümboleid kasutamata

  6. ASSESSMENT OF ERYTHROCYTE PERIPHERAL BLOOD AND ACTIVITY OF HEMOST ASIS IN PATIENTS WITH CER VICAL CANCER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. I. Stuklov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite the availability and informative value of methods that facilitate the diagnosis, cervical cancer (CC does not lose its leading position as one of the most common cancers of the reproductive system in women worldwide. High prevalence of anemia and thrombotic complications in this group determines not only the quality of life of patients, but the outcome of the underlying disease. The purpose of the study was to determine the patterns of change in erythrocyte of peripheral blood and the state of vascular-platelet and coagulation hemostasis in patients with cervical cancer depending on the stage of disease and histological variant of the tumor.Materials and methods. We investigated the performance of erythron, thrombocytic and coagulation hemostasis in 74 patients with cervical cancer (mean age 46,49 ± 11,78 years. Blood analysis was performed in the initial evaluation of patients in the prehospital phase.Results. It is proved that the spread of the tumor outside the cervix exerts a systemic influence on hematopoiesis, hemostasis, significantly increasing the risk of venous thromboembolism and hematogenous dissemination of the disease (metastasis. In the case of adenocarcinoma and dimorphic (glandular-squamous cervical cancer we proved the significant increase in soluble fibrin-monomer complexes, fibrinogen, and with glandular-squamous-cell cervical cancer and hypercoagulability (decrease thrombin time, which requires mandatory and differentiated prevention of venous thromboembolism even in the early stages of these morphological variants of the disease.Conclusions. Cervical cancer has a systemic effect on the blood and hemostasis. A statistically significant decrease in the concentration of hemoglobin and increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate is determined in the second stage of the disease. The increase in the prevalence of cervical cancer and the presence of glandular component in the morphological structure of the tumor was significantly associated with increased thrombosis.

  7. Si6H12/Polymer Inks for Electrospinning a-Si Nanowire Lithium Ion Battery Anodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schulz, Douglas L.; Hoey, Justin; Smith, Jeremiah; Elangovan, Arumugasamy; Wu, Xiangfa; Akhatov, Iskander; Payne, Scott; Moore, Jayma; Boudjouk, Philip; Pederson, Larry; Xiao, Jie; Zhang, Jiguang

    2010-08-04

    Amorphous silicon nanowires 'a-SiNWs' have been prepared by electrospinning a liquid silane-based precursor. Cyclohexasilane 'Si6H12' was admixed with poly-methyl methacrylate (PMMA) in toluene giving an ink that was electrospun into the Si6H12/PPMA wires with diameters of 50-2000 nm. Raman spectroscopy revealed that thermal treatment at 350 C transforms this deposit into a-SiNWs. These materials were coated with a thin carbon layer and then tested as half-cells where a reasonable plateau in electrochemical cycling was observed after an initial capacity fade. Additionally, porous a-SiNWs were realized when the thermally decomposable binder polypropylene carbonate/polycyclohexene carbonate was used as the polymer carrier.

  8. On the temperature dependence of the photoconductivity of amorphous silicon nitride (a-Si Nx: H)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experimental results on the photoconducticity of amorphous hydrogenated silicon nitride a-SiNx: H prepared from plasma decomposition of a gaseus mixture of silane and nitrogen ([Si H4]/[N2] ∼ 0.33) are presented. The material is deposited in a capacitively coupled glow discharge system and nitrogen content was continuously increased by increasing the RF power dissipated in the plasma. Studies of the photocurrent as a function of temperature as a function of temperature and lig ht intensities are reported. (Author)

  9. Pengaruh Konseling Menyusui terhadap Pemberian ASI Eksklusif di Kabupaten Aceh Timur Tahun 2012

    OpenAIRE

    De, Lina

    2012-01-01

    Exclusive breastfeeding is an activity to provide a baby with mother’s milk only without other kinds of food and drink except the baby is suffering from a disease which requires the administration of drug which is mostly in the form of syrup. Breastfeeding counseling implemented commencing from the antenatal to breastfeeding periods is called & breastfeeding contacts or meetings. Aceh Timur District is a district in Aceh Province that is in cooperation with UNICEF on a breastfeeding counselor...

  10. La mortalité en Asie méridionale et orientale

    OpenAIRE

    Jacques Véron

    1980-01-01

    Veron Jacques. ? Mortality in South and East Asia. An exact study of mortality in the countries of South and East Asia comes up against the problems caused by the different quality of the available information. Where relatively plentiful, reliable information is available (Hong Kong, Japan, Western Malaysia, Singapore, Sri Lanka and Taiwan) an extremely rapid drop in mortality is apparent during the post-war period. In the early 1970's average life expectancy everywhere, including South Korea...

  11. Colloquium on Central Asia; Colloque sur l'Asie centrale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This colloquium on Azerbaijan was organized by the direction of international relations of the French Senate and the French center of foreign trade (CFCE). This document gathers the interventions of the participants and the debates with the audience following these interventions. The topics treated concern: - the present day political-economical situation of Central Asia countries (problem of borders, relations with Russia and China); - the economies of Central Asia countries: short term problems and medium-term perspectives; - the relations with the European Union (political, economical, trade and investments, perspectives); - the European energy stakes of Caspian sea (oil and gas reserves, development of hydrocarbon resources, exploitation and transport constraints, stakes for Europe and France); - TotalFinaElf company in Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, enclavement problem); - the economical impacts of the TRACECA pathway (Transport Corridor Europe Caucasus Asia). (J.S.)

  12. Korištenje i prednosti AS-I komunikacijskog protokola u industriji

    OpenAIRE

    Petrović, Igor; Vinković, Mario

    2013-01-01

    Porast složenosti tehnoloških procesa u industriji zahtijeva usporedno razvoj tehničkih rješenja koja će zadovoljiti visoke standarde u proizvodnji vezano uz kvalitetu, brzinu, pouzdanost i sigurnost u radu. Uz napredniju hardversku opremu i sve razvijeniju programsku podršku izravno primjenjive za rješavanje standardnih problema i zadataka, razvijaju se aplikativna rješenja za industrijske komunikacijske protokole. Utjecaj elektromagnetskih smetnji, mehanička opterećenja, daljina prijenosa i...

  13. OSMANLI YÖNETİMİNİN ORYANTALİST İNŞASI

    OpenAIRE

    YILMAZ, Gülay

    2014-01-01

    Edward Said formulated and discussed Orientalism for the first time and he concentrated more on the attitutes mostly towards Islam and the Arabs. He mainly examined the literary texts that were produced by the “Western mind.” By defining Orientalism as a discourse, he made an invaluable contribution to the field. This article, however, concentrates on the European perception of the Ottoman Empire starting from the sixteenth century until the modern times in terms of the interpretations about ...

  14. Hubungan Sosial Budaya Terhadap Pemberian Asi Eksklusif pada Bayi di Kecamatan Medan Amplas Tahun 2016

    OpenAIRE

    Ramadhany, Tri

    2016-01-01

    The importance of exclusive breastfeeding seen in particular in the world, in 2006 WHO (World Health Organization) issued a Child Growth Standards are then applied throughout the world that it is only emphasized the importance of giving breastfeeding from birth until 6 months. This type of research in this study using a combined method of quantitative and qualitative. The study was start from January to February 2016. The population in this study was 1037 mothers and the sam...

  15. Understanding the Thermal Stability of Silver Nanoparticles Embedded in a-Si

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gould, Anna L.; Kadkhodazadeh, Shima; Wagner, Jakob Birkedal;

    2015-01-01

    changes via in situ and ex situ high-resolution and high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM and HAADF STEM). The melting of Ag particles and subsequent interdiffusion of Ag and Si atoms are strongly related to the size of the Ag nanoparticles, as well as the presence...... of surface imperfections. Partial voids in the amorphous-Si framework are formed where sections of the Ag nanoparticles are found preferentially to diffuse away due to geometric instability. Computational simulations using ensemble molecular dynamics confirm the experimental results: the structural...

  16. Vozes asiáticas e o racismo colonial em Moçambique

    OpenAIRE

    Zamparoni, Valdemir

    2016-01-01

    Evento, estrutura, conjuntura, curta duração, longa duração, micro, macro, específico, total são binômios que, ao menos desde Michelet com o seu Le Peuple e Marx com o seu O Dezoito Brumário mas, sobretudo, desde os Annales, tem acompanhado os historiadores. O presente artigo, embora não explicite, encara estes desafios : tratar do evento, do episódico, dos movimentos da política cotidiana, enfim da curta duração sem esquecer das estruturas, da longa duração : assim o objeto escolhido – a dis...

  17. Tingkat Pengetahuan Ibu Hamil Tentang Pemberian ASI Di Klinik Raskita Binjai 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Hayani, Rahma

    2011-01-01

    Breast feeding is the best food for infants, it cannot be changed by other food and there is no food which is just like breast-feeding such as nutrition, enzyme, hormone and other immunologic and anti-infection substances. Decreasing of giving breast-feeding in family becomes one of the factors which makes nutrition stature of infants and toddlers go down. In 2003, there was approximately 6,7 million toddlers (27,3%) got malnutrition, and almost 1,5 milion of them suffered from pure malnutri...

  18. ASI: Dunaliella Marine Microalgae to Drop-In Replacement Liquid Transportation Fuel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Microalgae are a promising biofuels feedstock, theoretically yielding concentrations of triacylglycerides (TAGs) per unit area far higher than traditional feedstocks due to their rapid growth. Dunaliella is particularly advantageous as a feedstock because it is currently commercially mass cultured,...

  19. Asi on tõsisem kui välja lastakse paista / Lembit Türnpuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Türnpuu, Lembit, 1934-

    2000-01-01

    Eesti riikliku üdhariduskooli õppekava puudustest, soomlaste hinnangust sellele (Hinnang eesti õppekavale. Kokkuvõte õppekava üldosa ja ainekavade tugevatest ja nõrkadest külgedest. 1999. Opetushallitus)

  20. The exclusive breastfeeding experiences of working mothers in West Sumatera (Sumbar Peduli ASI community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanti P. Sari

    2015-10-01

    Results: Based on the data analysis, it was found three themes, that are and ldquo;the sacrifice of a working mothers to give exclusive breastfeeding and rdquo;, and ldquo;provided a good support system and rdquo; and and ldquo;encountered problems and rdquo; and seven sub-themes, that is and ldquo;sacrifice time and rdquo;, and ldquo;physical sacrifice and rdquo;, and ldquo;family support and rdquo;, and ldquo;social support and rdquo;, and ldquo;health workers support and rdquo;, and ldquo;technical problems and rdquo; and and ldquo;non-technical problems and rdquo;. Conclusions: To be successful in providing exclusive breastfeeding, mothers have to sacrifice time and physically, to get the support of family, social and health workers so that obstacles can be solved. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(10.000: 2599-2604

  1. Preparation and Properties of a-Si :H Thin Films Deposited on Different Substrates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    RAO Rui

    2007-01-01

    The effects of different substrates on the structure and hydrogen evolution from a-Si:H thin films deposited by plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition were studied, as well as the similar films exposed to an hydrogen plasma. Spectroscopic ellipsometry and hydrogen evolution measurements were used to analyse the effects of the substrate and hydrogen plasma on the films microstructure,thickness, hydrogen content. hydrogen bonding and hydrogen evolution. The hydrogen evolution spectra show a strong substrate dependence. In particular on crystalline silicon substrate, the formation of bubbles was observed. For different substrates, hydrogen plasma treatments lightly affected the hydrogen evolution spectra. These results indicate that the action of hydrogen in a-Si:H was modified by the nature of the substrate.

  2. Iga asi siin ilma peal maksab midagi / Tõnu Lensment ; interv. Margus Mikomägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lensment, Tõnu, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    2. aug. esietendub Leigo Järveteatris Andres Keili "Rooside sõda". Näidendile on ainest andnud William Shakespeare'i näidendid "Henry VI" ja "Richard III" ning Tom Lanoye ja Luc Percevali näidend "Sõda". Lavastab Tõnu Lensment. Lavastajaga juttu suvelavastus(t)e maksumusest. Artikkel ilmub Teatrikülgedel rubriigis "Teater & küljed" 6/18

  3. Grecs d’Asie mineure - Grecs du continent. Altérité et identités durant la guerre gréco-turque en Asie mineure (1919-1922)

    OpenAIRE

    Grigoriou, Panagiotis

    2009-01-01

    Sur la base notamment de lettres ou de carnets, conservés aux Archives Littéraires et Historiques de Grèce (ELIA),  écrits par des soldats envoyés de Grèce sur le front micrasiatique, il est possible de jauger de la disparité qui existait entre ressortissants d’un État national balkanique établi dès le début du XIXe siècle et les sujets d’une société impériale multiple encore sur la voie d’une modernisation selon d’autres schémas. La grécité unitaire exacerbée par le discours nationaliste de ...

  4. De la Sorbonne à l’Asie. Routes orientalistes d'Ena Bazin-Foucher (1889-1952

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annick Fenet

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available L’article suit le parcours d’Eugénie Bazin-Foucher, épouse de l’indianiste français Alfred Foucher (1865-1952 : ses études supérieures à Paris ; sa rencontre avec son futur époux, enseignant à la Sorbonne ; leur mariage à Ceylan en 1919 ; leurs huit années de voyage (jusqu’en 1928 en mission archéologique et scientifique en Inde, Perse, Afghanistan et Extrême-Orient ; la vie parisienne jusqu’à leur mort. Les archives communes du couple permettent de reconstituer la part de la femme dans l’œuvre du savant, sa propre personnalité, ses aspirations scientifiques et son originalité dans le monde intellectuel de l’entre-deux-guerres.This article follows the life of  Eugénie Bazin-Foucher, wife of the French indianist Alfred Foucher (1865-1952: her higher education in Paris ; her encounter with her future husband,  a teacher at the Sorbonne University ; their marriage in Ceylan in 1919 ; their eight years of travel (until 1926 in archaeological and scientific missions in India, Persia, Afghanistan and the Far East ;  and finally their Parisian life until their death. The couple's archives allow one to reconstruct Eugénie's participation in the work of her husband as well as shedding light on  her personality, her scientific aspirations and her originality in the intellectual world of the Interwar period.

  5. Medición de capital intelectual en empresas asiáticas: el caso de Reliance Industries Ltd. (India)

    OpenAIRE

    Ordóñez de Pablos, Patricia

    2001-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar un marco conceptual integrador de la literatura de capital intelectual. A partir de él, se analizará la elaboración de informes de capital intelectual en Asia, en particular, es una empresa con una posición competitiva privilegiada en India: Reliance Industries LTD.

  6. De la crisis asiática a la crisis inmobiliaria: los debates actuales sobre la arquitectura financiera internacional

    OpenAIRE

    Antulio Rosales

    2010-01-01

    El proceso de globalización neoliberal ha implicado la propagación de las finanzas internacionales como un mecanismo de acumulación ya no auxiliar a la economía real-productiva, sino como un negocio en sí mismo. La financiarización ha elevado los riesgos y vulnerabilidades de la economía mundial, cada vez más sujetas a crisis. Asimismo, la Arquitectura Financiera Internacional (AFI) se encuentra bajo escrutinio por su cuestionada capacidad para enfrentar tales crisis. Este artículo analiza lo...

  7. Structural and photovoltaic properties of a-Si (SNc)/c-Si heterojunction fabricated by EBPVD technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Demiroğlu, D.; Kazmanli, K.; Urgen, M. [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Ayazağa 34469, Istanbul (Turkey); Tatar, B. [Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Physics, Namık Kemal University, Değirmenaltı, Tekirdağ (Turkey)

    2013-12-16

    In last two decades sculptured thin films are very attractive for researches. Some properties of these thin films, like high porosity correspondingly high large surface area, controlled morphology; bring into prominence on them. Sculptured thin films have wide application areas as electronics, optics, mechanics, magnetic and chemistry. Slanted nano-columnar (SnC) thin films are a type of sculptured thin films. In this investigation SnC thin films were growth on n-type crystalline Si(100) and p-type crystalline Si(111) via ultra-high vacuum electron beam evaporation technique. The structural and morphological properties of the amorphous silicon thin films were investigated by XRD, Raman and FE-SEM analysis. According to the XRD and Raman analysis the structure of thin film was amorphous and FE-SEM analysis indicated slanted nano-columns were formed smoothly. Slanted nano-columns a-Si/c-Si heterojunction were prepared as using a photovoltaic device. In this regard we were researched photovoltaic properties of these heterojunction with current-voltage characterization under dark and illumination conditions. Electrical parameters were determined from the current-voltage characteristic in the dark conditions zero-bias barrier height Φ{sub B0} = 0.83−1.00eV; diode ideality factor η = 11.71−10.73; series resistance R{sub s} = 260−31.1 kΩ and shunt resistance R{sub sh} = 25.71−63.5 MΩ SnC a-Si/n-Si and SnC a-Si/p-Si heterojunctions shows a pretty good photovoltaic behavior about 10{sup 3}- 10{sup 4} times. The obtained photovoltaic parameters are such as short circuit current density J{sub sc} 83-40 mA/m{sup 2}, open circuit voltage V{sub oc} 900-831 mV.

  8. Inmigración asiática y homoerotismo: nuevas configuraciones de la otredad en el teatro argentino actual

    OpenAIRE

    Trastoy, Beatriz

    2010-01-01

    Argentine theatre during the first decades of 20th century staged the cultural and linguistic misunderstandings that European immigration caused in local way of life. The recent Asian immigration established in Buenos Aires since the 70’ brings forth new ethic and aesthetic issues in plays which deal with the question of otherness in a wide sense. As an example, this article analyzes Shangay (2004) by José María Muscari, which stages with a critical sight the social and racial prejudices of A...

  9. PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM ANAK PIDANA DALAM PERSPEKTIF MAQASID ASY-SYARI’AH (Studi Kasus Penanganan Anak Pidana di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Jambi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marsaid Marsaid

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Indonesia as a country with social cultured law, dueto the influence of globalization shows the behavior of thepeople in his life increasingly complex. Such behavior can beseen from two sides, namely in accordance with the norms andnot in accordance with the norm, so that such conditions spreadto the entire line of people's lives. This article will exploreproblems criminal children who are in prison in Jambi.ملخص: اندونیسیا كدولة للقانون مثقف الاجتماعي ، ویرجع ذلك إلى تأثیر العولمة یدلعلى سلوك الناس في حیاتھ یزداد تعقیدا . ویمكن رؤیة مثل ھذا السلوك من الجانبین ،وھي وفقا ل معاییر ولیس وفقا ل معیار بحیث یمكن لھذه الظروف انتشرت في خطكامل من حیاة الناس. ھذه المادة سوف استكشاف مشاكل الأطفال الجنائي الذین ھم فيالسجن في جامبيKata Kunci: Anak Bermasalah dengan Hukum (ABH

  10. Characterization of a-Si: H/SiN multilayer waveguide polarization using an optical pumping application-LED

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mohd Saiful Dzulkefly ZAN; Isamu KATO; Mohammad Syuhaimi AB-RAHMAN; Seri Mastura MUSTAZA

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes the fabrication of a waveguide and the analysis of its polarization characteristics by applying light-emitting diode (LED) pumping lights to its surface. By using double tubed coaxial line (DTCL) microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition (MPCVD) equipment, an a-Si:H/SiN muitilayer waveguide was fabricated whose thickness could be controlled at nanometer order. The main structural material of the waveguide sample consisted of a combination of layers of amorphous silicon hydrogen and silicon nitrate. Once the sample was ready, another major objective of the experiment was to analyze the polarization characteristics of the fabricated waveguide. The idea of the experiment was to analyze how the waveguide reacts when three types of LED (blue, yellow, and red) are radiated onto its surface. The results showed that the fabrication of the a-Si:H/SiN sample is successful. Most effective transmission results, which accord with the polarization characteristics analysis, were obtained.

  11. STUDI DAMPAK PEMBERIAN MAKANAN PENDAMPING AIR SUSU IBU (MP-ASI TERHADAP TINGKAT PERTUMBUHAN ANAK USIA 5 BULAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vita Kartika

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF THE SUPPLEMENTARY FEEDING ON THE GROWTH RATE OF 5 MONTH OLD INFANT AT THE BOGOR REGENCYBackground: Growth faltering of infants In Indonesia started at their early life i.e 1-3 month of their age. Growth faltering appear mainly due to the supplementary feeding practice which is not adequate for their requirement. Objectives: The objectives of this research are to evaluate the effect of food supplementation which made by industry. The food contains allmicronutrient as well as macronutrients that are needed for the growth of 5 month infant. Methods: Research design is quasi experimental. Data analysis were used univariat, bivariat, multivariat analysis (linear regression to find out independent variable which most influenced to the weight increase of the sample. Sample population are infants 5 month old from the poor families at Kemang and Ciomas district which fulfill the inclusion of criteria. The treatment group (53 samples received intervention in form of supplementary food made by industry containing energy 197 kcal and 4,8 gram protein, given 48 gram/day for 4 months period, on the other hand the control group (51 samples did not receive food intervention. The foods were distributed weekly. Data collection (anthropometries measurement of infant every months during 4 months period of this research. Results: After 4 months intervention, the weight of treatment group has higher increase  than the control group which is 1,30 kg for the treatment group and 0,52 kg for the control group. Growth rate during 4 months period can be seen from the z score point according to weight for age and weight for length indexes. Z score showed significant difference (p<0,005 between the two groups. At treatment group although the growth rate tend to decrease it was stil on the normal rate while in the control group the growth development were sharply decrease below the normal weight (<2 SD.Conclusions: Intervention by formulated supplementary food made by industry increased body weight significally. Intervention improved the intake of energy, protein and iron and decreased the morbidity rate significally. Keywords: growth rate, supplementary food and morbidity. 

  12. Husserl a Heidegger v "Dialektice konkretního" aneb:jak by to asi vypadalo bez nich?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pauza, Miroslav

    Praha : Filosofia, 2011 - (Hrubec, M.; Pauza, M.; Zumr, J.), s. 79-96 ISBN 978-80-7007-354-4 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : Husserl * Heidegger * structuralisms * man Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  13. Measuring the Psychosocial Characteristics of Teacher Candidates through the Academic Self-Identity: Self-Observation Yearly (ASI SOY) Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores, Belinda Bustos; Clark, Ellen Riojas; Guerra, Norma S.; Casebeer, Cindy M.; Sanchez, Serafin V.; Mayall, Hayley J.

    2010-01-01

    This study contends that multiple psychosocial factors mediate students' pursuit of the teaching profession, including beliefs, ethnic identity, acculturation, efficacy, and motivation. Despite the myriad literature addressing teacher characteristics, less is known about how these factors influence the academic or personal development of teacher…

  14. Raul Reemet : Jaapanis äritegemine on üldse kõige raskem asi / Raul Reemet ; interv. Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reemet, Raul

    2005-01-01

    Mööbliärimees ja jaapani restorani Sushi House omanik selgitab, miks on ettevõtjal keeruline siseneda Jaapani turule. Kvaliteedi tähtsustamisest Jaapanis, jaapanlaste ärietikett. Diagrammid: Jaapani peamised majandusnäitajad

  15. Pengaruh Dukungan Keluarga Terhadap Pemberian ASI Eksklusif Pada Ibu Bekerja Di Kecamatan Darul Imarah Kabupaten Aceh Besar Tahun 2009

    OpenAIRE

    Manaf, Salmiani Abdul

    2010-01-01

    Exclusive breastfeeding is very important for the health and endurance of a baby because breastfeeding provides high nutrition needed for nervous and brain growth and development, immunity to several diseases, and create an emotional breast feeding is generally still low. It is only 14% of the targeted 80%. In Darul Imarah Sub-district, the coverage of exclusive breastfeeding is only 16.4%. One of the problems causing the low coverage of exclusive breastfeeding is the time to breastfeed the b...

  16. Pemberian Air Susu Ibu (ASI) Eksklusif Pada Masyarakat di Desa Mazingo Tanoseo Kecamatan Hiliduho Kabupaten Nias 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Hia, Deoserina

    2016-01-01

    The low coverage of exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia compared with other developing countries result is not good for the baby’s health such as allergies, diarrhea, respiratoy infections, malnutrition and decreased the development of cognitive intelligence (Roesli, 2008). The aim in this study was to describe the exclusive breastfeeding in the community in the village Mazingo Tanoseo Hiliduho District of Nias in 2015. The research in a qualititative study conducted in the village of Maz...

  17. Faktor-Faktor yang Memengaruhi Pemberian ASI Eksklusif di Desa Suka Dame Kecamatan TigaPanah Kabupaten Karo Tahun 2016

    OpenAIRE

    Sianturi, Sri Hastuti

    2016-01-01

    Exclusive breastfeeding is breastfeeding as early as possible after delivery, given no timetable and no additional food until the baby is six months old. Food additives in question are milk formula, boiled water, fruit juice, sugar water, and honey. Vitamins, minerals, and drugs in the form of drops or syrups are not included in food additives. This research analyzes the influence of the independent variables (knowledge, attitudes, education, occupation, income, culture, early initiation o...

  18. Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Pemberian ASI Eksklusif di Desa Pangirkiran Kecamatan Halongonan Kabupaten Padang Lawas Utara Tahun 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Anggraini, Wiki

    2015-01-01

    The prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia is still low. Based on data from Susenas Data in North Sumatera coverage of exclusive breastfeeding in 2010 amounted to 56.6%. Until now there has been no record of coverage of exclusive breastfeeding in Pangirkiran village. The study aims to analyze the factors that affect mothers with infants aged 7-12 months of exclusive breastfeeding in Pangirkiran village, Halongonan Sub-District of Padang Lawas Utara District in the year of 2015. Ty...

  19. Úvod: Dějiny Jižní Asie v kontextu geografie a historiografie

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Strnad, Jaroslav

    1.doplněné. Praha : Lidové noviny, 2008, s. 5-20 ISBN 978-80-7106-493-0. - (Dějiny států) Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90210515 Keywords : India * geography * historiography Subject RIV: AB - History

  20. Behavioral data of thin-film single junction amorphous silicon (a-Si photovoltaic modules under outdoor long term exposure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofiane Kichou

    2016-06-01

    Further discussions and interpretations concerning the data shared in this article can be found in the research paper “Characterization of degradation and evaluation of model parameters of amorphous silicon photovoltaic modules under outdoor long term exposure” (Kichou et al., 2016 [1].

  1. La décollectivisation dans les montagnes d'Asie centrale (Tadjikistan, Kirghizstan) : Transformations agricoles et crise sociale

    OpenAIRE

    Thorez, Julien

    2006-01-01

    Texte d'auteur avant la mise en page par la revue Post-soviet transformation is a time of radical change for societies and spatial organisation in Central Asian mountains. In Kyrgyzstan as in Tajikistan, the decollectivisation and disorganisation of the planned economic system led to an agricultural crisis (livestock, etc.). In some Kyrgyzstani's valleys, some adaptations to the new economic and territorial context are developing, but the expansion of autoconsumption reveals the pauperisat...

  2. 'Videokunst on tõsine asi,' räägib kunstnik Al Paldrock / Al Paldrok ; interv. Tiiu Leis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paldrok, Al, 1969-

    1998-01-01

    Intervjuu Pärnu filmipäevade (2.-4. apr.) ühe peakorraldaja, Helsingis Kuvataide akadeemias video- ja keskkonnakunsti õppinud Al Paldrokiga filmipäevadest (kus esitatakse nii video-, reklaam- kui dokumentaalfilme), eesti filmist ja videokunstist, rühmitusest 'Vedelik'

  3. HUBUNGAN KANDUNGAN KAROTENOID DAN RETINOL DALAM DARAH DAN ASI PADA IBU MENYUSUI DI DAERAH PENGHASIL DAN BUKAN PENGHASIL SAYURAN

    OpenAIRE

    Joko Pambudi; Fitrah Emawati; Susilowati Herman

    2012-01-01

    Association of Carotenoids and Retinol Levels In Blood and Breastmilk of Breastfeeding Mothers In Vegetables Producing Area and Non-Vegetables Producing Area.Background: Vegetables are available in abundant amount in the less developed countries, including Indonesia, and are the source of carotenoids and other important nutrient, especially vitamin A. In rural areas, vegetables are becoming important source of vitamin A, especially for breastfeeding mothers.Objectives: To study carotenoids an...

  4. ASIE CENTRALE: ENJEUX LOGISTIQUES DE DÉSENCLAVEMENT LE CAS DU CORRIDOR PORTUAIRE ET LOGISTIQUE DE GWADAR

    OpenAIRE

    Yann ALIX

    2014-01-01

    Whatever you are in South America, Africa or Central Asia, landlocked economies are dramatically impacted by the highest transportation & logistics costs. From raw material to high value products in containers, landlocked countries remain strategically dependent on networks and services to import and export cargo up to their landlocked consumers. Transit policy, regulatory framework, trade facilitation, inland infrastructure and multimodal services are amongst the key factors to combine in or...

  5. 29. IV-22. V on Stora Enso Packaging ASi uues tehasehoones Jälgimäel Tänassilma tehnopargis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Noorte kunstnike näitus "Paper Talks!". Väljapaneku koordinaator Maarin Ektermann. Installatsiooni märksõna on interdistsiplinaarsus, kaasa on haaratud hüpermaal, graafika, arhitektoonika, videokunst

  6. De Mariemont à Hanoi : conservation et restauration des céramiques d’Extrême Asie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Noppe

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available L’article expose brièvement les inévitables différences de conception et de pratique dans la conservation-restauration des céramiques asiatiques conservées au Musée royal de Mariemont et dans les musées du Vietnam. Il fait état des collaborations fructueuses établies notamment dans le cadre d'une mission scientifique à Hanoi.The paper describes the unavoidable differences in conception and practices in conservation-restoration of Asiatic ceramics conserved on one hand in the Royal Museum of Mariemont and on the other in Vietnam museums. It mentions the fruitful collaborations established amongst other in the frame of a scientific mission to Hanoi.

  7. De Mariemont à Hanoi : conservation et restauration des céramiques d’Extrême Asie

    OpenAIRE

    Catherine Noppe

    2008-01-01

    L’article expose brièvement les inévitables différences de conception et de pratique dans la conservation-restauration des céramiques asiatiques conservées au Musée royal de Mariemont et dans les musées du Vietnam. Il fait état des collaborations fructueuses établies notamment dans le cadre d'une mission scientifique à Hanoi.The paper describes the unavoidable differences in conception and practices in conservation-restoration of Asiatic ceramics conserved on one hand in the Royal Museum of M...

  8. Analisis Determinan Perilaku Ibu Menyusui Dalam Pemberian ASI Eksklusif di Kecamatan Darussalam Kabupaten Aceh Besar Tahun 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Erwandi

    2014-01-01

    Based on the Profile of Aceh Besar District Health Service, the coverage of Exclusive Breastfeeding in Darussalam Subsdistrict was 7,6% and it is still lower than the national target of 80%. The purpose of this study was to analyze the determinant of the behaviour of breastfeeding mother in exclusive breastfeeding in Darussalam Subdistrict, Aceh Besar District. The population of this explanatory survey study was all of the mothers with babies of 6-12 months old, and 87 of them were ...

  9. Ji-Yong Lee, La gouvernance d’entreprise et l’hybridation : Le cas de l’Asie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji-Yong Lee

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Understanding of the changes in corporate governance lies at the heart of contemporary debates about transformation of capitalism. Asia is no exception to this phenomenon. Asia’s corporate governance has undergone significant changes since the financial crisis of 1997. Our study, based on the theory of institutional change, seeks to examine current transformations. The concept of corporate governance is viewed as being dependent on institutional environments in which the firm evolves. The analysis of the changes in corporate governance is therefore needed to understand institutional change.On this basis, we argue that the current transformation is experiencing a process of hybridization and we suggest a framework to understand ongoing corporate governance reform. Hybridization carries two opposed forces: drivers for change and resistance to change. The dynamic process of adaption of newly imported practices leads to new model adapted to local conditions. Our empirical analysis allows us to apprehend the diverse pattern of corporate governance in Asia even within the current context of adherence to the Anglo-Saxon model: we find three hybrid models and one other model which has not committed to the reform. We also study the sources of change and the factors that give rise to resistance. We provide an overview of the recent changes in corporate governance practice in Asian countries.

  10. ZnO nanorod arrays for highly efficient thin film a-Si and micromorph solar cells

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Neykova, Neda; Hruška, Karel; Remeš, Zdeněk; Vaněček, Milan

    Roma: University of Roma Tor Vergata, 2012 - (DE Crescenzi, M.). s. 75-75 [International Conference on NANO-structures self-assembly - NANOSEA 2012 /4./. 25.06.2012-29.06.2012, S. Margherita di Pula - Sardinie] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP108/11/0937 EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 214134 - N2P Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100521 Keywords : ZnO nanocolumns * thin film solar cells * EBL Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism

  11. PENGARUH PEMBERIAN AIR SUSU IBU (ASI, KONSUMSI ZAT GIZI, DAN KELENGKAPAN KARTU MENUJU SEHAT (KMS TERHADAP STATUS GIZI BAYI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suci Pujiyanti

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";} Breastfeeding, nutrition consumption, and completeness of healthy card (KMS are very crucial to support infant development. The objective of this research was to analyze the effect of breastfeeding, nutrition consumption, and completeness of healthy card to the nutritional status.  Sample of babies who breastfed and having KMS were taken from 50 babies aged around 4-12 months using a simple random sampling method. Pearson corelation, Spearman corelation, and backward linear regression were used to analyze data. Linear regression analysis between the length of breastfeeding (p0.05  the infant  nutritional status. The analysis also showed effect of weighing, immunization, and giving vitamin A to infant nutritional status. Keywords: breastfeeding, nutrient consumption, healthy card

  12. Otázka kontaktů Evropy a Asie v době bronzové

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Unger, Jiří

    Praha, 2014. [Orientalia Antiqua Nova /14./. 02.04.2014-03.04.2014, Plzeň] Institutional support: RVO:67985912 Keywords : contacts * Europe * Asia * Bronze Age Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  13. Kadri Liik : välispoliitika on väga praktiline asi / Kadri Liik ; interv. Urmet Kook

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liik, Kadri, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise kaitseuuringute keskuse juht vastab küsimustele, miks oli vaja luua kaitseuuringutega tegelev mõttekoda, millele kaitseuuringud keskenduvad, kes meeskonda kuuluvad. Tema sõnul peab keskuse uurimistööl olema praktiline väärtus, eesmärk on olla praktikutega tihedates sidemetes. Vt. samas: Urmet Kook. TÜ professor peab oluliseks eelnevat akadeemilist kogemust; Kivirähk poliitilist avalikku arvamust enam ei uuri

  14. Roger Mitchell : Maailma päästmine pole vaid teadlaste asi / Roger Mitchell ; interv. Silvia Lotman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mitchell, Roger

    2006-01-01

    Earthwatch Instituut on ülemaailmne organisatsioon, mille missiooniks on kaasata vabatahtlikke ja teadlasi, levitamaks säästva arengu sõnumit. Instituuti tutvustab teaduse ja hariduse osakonna direktor Roger Mitchell

  15. Determination of hydrogen concentration in a-Si and a-Ge layers by elastic recoil detection analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Kh?nh, Nguyen Quoc; Csik, Attila; Serenyi, Miklos; Erd?lyi, Zolt?n; Beke, Dezső L?szl?; Frigeri, Cesare

    2010-01-01

    Hydrogenated amorphous Si and Ge films are of current interest in academic and industrial research due to their unique physical properties and important applications. The passivation of dangling-bonds leads to a significant improvement in the electronic properties by adding hydrogen into these layers. The hydrogen content in these layers is also an important factor deciding the density and the optical band gap. However, hydrogen is also suspected to degrade the performance of amorphous Si and...

  16. Hubungan ASI Eksklusif terhadapKejadian Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut (ISPA) pada Bayi di Puskesmas Padang Bulan, Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Sinaga, Suci Soraya

    2015-01-01

    Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) is an infection disease caused by a virus or bacteria and lasts for 14 days that attacks the upper and the lower of respiratory tract. Infants often suffer by ARI because they have incomplete immunity. Exclusive breastfeeding has an important role to support the immune system for the infants that it can provide prevention from various infection diseases. This study aimed to analyze the relationship of exclusive breastfeeding with ARI in infants. This surve...

  17. Monte Carlo modelling of a-Si EPID response: The effect of spectral variations with field size and position

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study focused on predicting the electronic portal imaging device (EPID) image of intensity modulated radiation treatment (IMRT) fields in the absence of attenuation material in the beam with Monte Carlo methods. As IMRT treatments consist of a series of segments of various sizes that are not always delivered on the central axis, large spectral variations may be observed between the segments. The effect of these spectral variations on the EPID response was studied with fields of various sizes and off-axis positions. A detailed description of the EPID was implemented in a Monte Carlo model. The EPID model was validated by comparing the EPID output factors for field sizes between 1x1 and 26x26 cm2 at the isocenter. The Monte Carlo simulations agreed with the measurements to within 1.5%. The Monte Carlo model succeeded in predicting the EPID response at the center of the fields of various sizes and offsets to within 1% of the measurements. Large variations (up to 29%) of the EPID response were observed between the various offsets. The EPID response increased with field size and with field offset for most cases. The Monte Carlo model was then used to predict the image of a simple test IMRT field delivered on the beam axis and with an offset. A variation of EPID response up to 28% was found between the on- and off-axis delivery. Finally, two clinical IMRT fields were simulated and compared to the measurements. For all IMRT fields, simulations and measurements agreed within 3%--0.2 cm for 98% of the pixels. The spectral variations were quantified by extracting from the spectra at the center of the fields the total photon yield (Ytotal), the photon yield below 1 MeV (Ylow), and the percentage of photons below 1 MeV (Plow). For the studied cases, a correlation was shown between the EPID response variation and Ytotal, Ylow, and Plow

  18. Ji-Yong Lee, La gouvernance d’entreprise et l’hybridation : Le cas de l’Asie

    OpenAIRE

    Ji-Yong Lee

    2011-01-01

    Understanding of the changes in corporate governance lies at the heart of contemporary debates about transformation of capitalism. Asia is no exception to this phenomenon. Asia’s corporate governance has undergone significant changes since the financial crisis of 1997. Our study, based on the theory of institutional change, seeks to examine current transformations. The concept of corporate governance is viewed as being dependent on institutional environments in which the firm evolves. The ana...

  19. Erratum: ``Multiple quantum well light modulators for the 1.06 µm range on InP substrates: InxGa1 - xAsyP1 - y/InP, InAsyP1 - y/InP, and coherently strained InAsyP1 - y/InxGa1 - xP'' [Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 2846 (1992)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodward, T. K.; Chiu, T.-H.; Sizer, Theodore, II

    1992-12-01

    The last sentence in the paragraph at the top of the second column of the second page of the article should read: ``Since previously reported samples like B have been described with sharper excitonic features (HWHM of 6 meV at 300 K and 2 meV at 10 K) it is reasonable to expect that sample C could be further improved.4''

  20. Нарвское ноу-хау или блеф? / Артур Тооман

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Тооман, Артур, 1971-

    2010-01-01

    Narva uuest ettevõtluse toetamise süsteemist ja soodustustest. NTT AS-i, Narva Elektrijaamade, Nakro AS-i, Harju Elekter AS-i, Standard AS-i, Krimelte AS-i ja Vertex Estonia AS-i juhtide arvamusi. Tabelid

  1. Photo-stability of a-Si solar cells fabricated by “Liquid-Si printing method” and treated with catalytic generated atomic hydrogen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murayama, Hiroko, E-mail: murayama.hiroko5@jp.panasonic.com [Device Solutions Center, Panasonic Corporation, 3-1-1 Yagumo-naka-machi, Moriguchi City, Osaka 570-8501 (Japan); Ohyama, Tatsushi; Yoshida, Isao; Terakawa, Akira [Device Solutions Center, Panasonic Corporation, 3-1-1 Yagumo-naka-machi, Moriguchi City, Osaka 570-8501 (Japan); Masuda, Takashi [Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 1-1 Asahidai, Nomi City, Ishikawa 923-1292 (Japan); JST-ERATO Shimoda Nano-Liquid Process Project, 1-1 Asahidai, Nomi City, Ishikawa 923-1292 (Japan); Ohdaira, Keisuke [Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 1-1 Asahidai, Nomi City, Ishikawa 923-1292 (Japan); Shimoda, Tatsuya [Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 1-1 Asahidai, Nomi City, Ishikawa 923-1292 (Japan); JST-ERATO Shimoda Nano-Liquid Process Project, 1-1 Asahidai, Nomi City, Ishikawa 923-1292 (Japan)

    2015-01-30

    The film properties and solar cell performances of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) fabricated by a newly developed non-vacuum process “Liquid-Si printing method” were systematically investigated by comparing to the conventional plasma-chemical vapor deposition method. The as-printed a-Si:H films showed relatively high Urbach-tail characteristic energy (E{sub ch}), high [Si–H{sub 2}]/[Si–H], and low photoconductivity (~ 10{sup −7} S/cm). However, the [Si–H{sub 2}]/[Si–H] decreased, and the photoconductivity was improved to the device grade level (~ 10{sup −5} S/cm) after appropriate catalytic-generated atomic hydrogen treatment. It was also found that the light-induced degradation of the photoconductivity and solar cell efficiency of the printed samples were less than half of the conventional a-Si:H case.

  2. Effects of lithium-implantation on the hydrogen retention in both a-C:H and a-Si C:H materials submitted to deuterium bombardment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barbier, G.; Chevarier, N.; Chevarier, A. [Lyon-1 Univ., 69 -Villeurbanne (France). Inst. de Physique Nucleaire; Ross, G.G.; El Khakani, M.A. [INRS-Energie et Materiaux, Varennes, PQ (Canada)

    1996-09-01

    The hydrogen release in plasma facing materials is a challenging problem for the hydrogen recycling. The hydrogen desorption from a-C:H and a-SiC:H materials induced by deuterium bombardment has been investigated. Prior to the deuterium bombardment, both materials were implanted with different fluences of lithium ions. Before and after each irradiation, depth profiles of H, Li and deuterium were determined by nuclear microanalysis. After deuterium bombardment, il is shown that the retention of the initial hydrogen in both materials was enhanced by increasing the total dose of the implanted Li. For the a-C:H samples, the hydrogen desorption under deuterium bombardment was strongly reduced by lithium implantation. This effect was also evidenced in a-SiC:H samples, even though it is less spectacular that in a-C:H. Also, nuclear analyses showed that the retained dose of deuterium decreases when the lithium concentration increases. This could be a result of the formation of Li-H bonds which occurs to the detriment of deuterium retention in both a-C:H and a-SiC:H materials. Preliminary results of both materials exposed to TdeV tokamak discharges confirms the role of Li in hydrogen retention, already observed in deuterium bombardment exposure. (author).

  3. Genre, modernisation soviétique et usage des « langues de religion » en Asie centrale (Ouzbékistan et Tadjikistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Habiba Fathi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In a secularizing context, the relationship between gender, Soviet modernization and uses of « languages of religion » (Arabic, Persian and Tchaghatay Turkish is explored. The main focus is the role of Muslim women in the trans-generational transmission of religion. Women of religion are the ones who mediate the rediscovery of the Muslim heritage. This rediscovery is taking place within the broader context of re-Islamization and revalorization of national languages of Uzbekistan (Uzbek with Latin script and Tadjikistan (Tadjik with Cyrillic script ; both independent states were formerly part of the Soviet Union. The author retraces the main axes of the modernization politics through two main domains: linguistic policies and the emancipation of Muslim women. The paper focuses on the old and new Muslim educational systems in these two newly independent Central Asian states and highlights these counstries’ tendency, due to their fight against Islamism, to refuse all religious change. This means all religious trends are rejected, even those that would enable the regions’s Muslim societies to leave behind their traditional orientation.

  4. ASEAN - vznik, vývoj a perspektivy Sdružení národů jihovýchodní Asie

    OpenAIRE

    Chaloupková, Jana

    2004-01-01

    The presented study is an analysis of the regional integration process of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASEAN utilizing theories of international relations and integration. The dissertation studies the factors which contributed to its formation, evolution and transformation and the perspectives of its further development. ASEAN was established by virtue of Bangkok Declaration signed on August 8, 1967 among Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Subsequently Bru...

  5. Photo-stability of a-Si solar cells fabricated by “Liquid-Si printing method” and treated with catalytic generated atomic hydrogen

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The film properties and solar cell performances of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) fabricated by a newly developed non-vacuum process “Liquid-Si printing method” were systematically investigated by comparing to the conventional plasma-chemical vapor deposition method. The as-printed a-Si:H films showed relatively high Urbach-tail characteristic energy (Ech), high [Si–H2]/[Si–H], and low photoconductivity (~ 10−7 S/cm). However, the [Si–H2]/[Si–H] decreased, and the photoconductivity was improved to the device grade level (~ 10−5 S/cm) after appropriate catalytic-generated atomic hydrogen treatment. It was also found that the light-induced degradation of the photoconductivity and solar cell efficiency of the printed samples were less than half of the conventional a-Si:H case

  6. Numerical integration method applied to the study of atomic hydrogen in a-Si: (H,O,N) and natural beryl decay kinetics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A method of data processing was developed and applied to the study of decay kinetics of interstitial atomic hydrogen (H0i)1 in X-irradiated a-Si:(H,O,N)2 and natural beryl. A system of differential kinetic equations was constructed considering multiple possible reactions. the solutions were evaluated by Runge-Kutta's method of numerical integration. It was assumed that the H0i was produced by radiolytic irradiation of R-H type molecules and trapped at interstitial sites of both materials. The heating releases the H0 which quickly is either retrapped, recombined with R-radical left in the matrix or combined with other H0 atoms forming H2 molecules. The parameters related to untrapping and recombination processes were found to obey Arrhenius law. On the other hand, the retrapping and H-2 formation parameters were fit to a function proportional to T1/2 - T1/2o, where at T0 they vanish. (author)

  7. Mebendazol en el tratamiento de helmintíasis intestinales revisión de literatura y consideraciones de Enfermería

    OpenAIRE

    Kogien, M.; Teixeira, C. A.

    2011-01-01

    Mebendazol es un antihelmíntico de amplio espectro, fármaco de elección para el tratamiento de varios tipos de infecciones parasitarias intestinales, además en la zona de la terapéutica farmacológica la enfermería tiene papel importante sea en la administración de medicamentos o en la nueva zona de actuación que surge para la profesión: la prescripción de medicamentos mediante protocolos o rutinas aprobados. Objetivos: realizar una revisión de literatura acerca de los aspectos farmacológi...

  8. NOVEL MEANS FOR TREATING a.Si SOLAR CELL%一种治疗非晶硅太阳电池缺陷的新方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左其培

    1999-01-01

    用"电压法",治疗a.Si薄膜太阳电池,烧断pn结中漏电沟道,使被治疗样品的性能变坏."库仑法"根据样品漏电多少,决定用于治疗电池的电荷积分多少,没有剩余电荷,不会影响电池性能,可用于a.Si薄膜电池的研究与规模生产.

  9. Combiner L'Education Et Le Travail; Experiences en Asie et en Oceanie: Viet Nam (Combining Education and Work; Experiences in Asia and Oceania: Viet Nam).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vien, Hguyen Khac

    Educational policy in Viet Nam has closely followed the revolutionary movement. In the essentially democratic period from 1945 to 1960, Viet Nam created a nationwide 10-grade school system and fought illiteracy on a large scale. By 1960, as socialism began to predominate, especially in the North, traditional educational methods and values began to…

  10. Dynamiques du peuplement, libéralisation économique et décentralisation dans les deltas de l'Asie des moussons

    OpenAIRE

    Sylvie Fanchette

    2004-01-01

    The deltas and irrigated valleys of monsoon Asia are areas of dense population concentrations. The large plains have considerable advantages that favour human expansion, assuming that their hydraulic systems are properly harnessed. The plains have been developed by societies organised within the framework of different political regimes, which have to varying degrees managed to put to value their huge agricultural potentials and exploit the rent from great commercial networks. The conditions o...

  11. High Efficiency Thin Film CdTe and a-Si Based Solar Cells: Annual Technical Report, 4 March 1999 - 3 March 2000; ANNUAL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the research on high-efficiency CdTe-based thin-film solar cells and on high-efficiency a-Si-based thin-film solar cells. Implemented a diode-array spectrograph system and used optical emission spectroscopy to help optimize the reactive sputtering of N-doped ZnTe for CdTe back-contact structures. Identified the photoluminescence signatures of various defect states in CdTe related to Cd vacancies, CuCd acceptors, Cu-VCd complexes, and donor-acceptor pairs, and related these states to instabilities in the hole concentration at room temperature. Showed that Cu is an important non-radiative center in CdS, reducing the PL efficiency. Studied band tailing in CdS weakly alloyed with CdTe and CdTe weakly alloyed with CdS. Fabricated superstrate ITO/CdS/CdTe cells on Mo substrates with efficiencies above 7.5%. Collaborated in studies of EXAFS of Cu in CdTe which indicate a Cu-Te bond length of 2.62(angstrom) or 6.7% shorter than the CdTe, bond in agreement with calculations of Wei et al. Provided assistance to two groups on laser scribing. Comparatively studied the performance of a-SiGe solar cells and properties of a-SiGe single-layer films deposited using a wide range of H dilution, observed transition from a-SiGe to(mu)c-SiGe at high H dilution and the impact on cell performances. Comparatively studied the performance of a-SiGe solar cells and properties of a-SiGe single-layer films with different Ge contents, suitable for use as component cells of triple-junction devices. Fabricated a-Si-based solar cells on ultra-thin stainless-steel substrate (7.5 micron) and obtained equivalent performance and yield as on the regular SS substrates (127 microns). Comparatively studied the performance of a-Si-based solar cells on SS substrates and on SnO2-coated glass substrates. Studied the performance of p-layers deposited under various deposition conditions for n-i-p type solar cells. Performed an analysis for the component cell current-matching within a triple-junction solar cell

  12. 1) Mis teile praeguses eesti kirjanduses ei meeldi? 2) Mida tuleks teha, et asi läheks nii, nagu teile meeldib? : [küsitlus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Vastavad : Vaapo Vaher, Elo Lindsalu, Olev Remsu, Jüri Ehlvest, François Serpent, Sven Kivisildnik, Linnar Priimägi, Aino Pervik, Mati Unt, Contra, Fagira D. Morti, Aapo Ilves, Aarne Ruben, Juku-Kalle Raid

  13. Determinación del bienestar animal a través del cortisol en saliva en el elefante asiático y el rinoceronte indio

    OpenAIRE

    Menargues Marcilla, María Asunción; Urios, Vicente; López González, Manuel; Canales Merino, Rocío; Sánchez, Daniel

    2006-01-01

    Uno de los problemas de los animales en cautividad viene de que disponen de demasiado tiempo libre ya que no se enfrentan a los retos que les propone la naturaleza debido a que se les suministra todo lo que necesitan. Es por esto, que por aburrimiento, pueden desarrollar conductas aberrantes que no se darían nunca en libertad, provocándoles estrés, agresión o miedo que disminuyen su estado de salud tanto físico como psicológico. Aplicando técnicas de enriquecimiento ambiental podemos mejorar...

  14. Las visitas de los presidentes de Corea, China y Vietnam y nuestras relaciones con los países del Este Asiático

    OpenAIRE

    Onaha, Cecilia

    2005-01-01

    En el marco del proyecto de investigación “Análisis estructural y coyuntural de la Política Exterior Argentina bajo el gobierno de Kirchner (2003-2007)”, en lo correspondiente a las tareas preliminares para la realización del análisis coyuntural, se inició el trabajo de recolección de datos sobre la base de la agenda oficial de la Cancillería. En ese sentido nos proponemos en esta oportunidad presentar y describir los instrumentos generados desde esta gestión durante el 2004, referidos al áre...

  15. 0D-modelling of carbonaceous aerosols; L'aerosol de combustion dans une region en grande mutation, l'Asie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michel, Ch.

    2005-06-15

    One of the main uncertainties in the estimate of the climatic impact of aerosols is linked to our knowledge of gases and aerosols emissions. This is particularly crucial over Asia, where a strong regional fingerprint is observed, with different emission types, depending on the various vegetation and climate conditions (biomass burning emissions) and on the very fast changes of the population and industrialization (biofuel and fossil fuel emissions). The main goal of this work was first to derive a biomass burning inventory for gases and particles over Asia for the 2001 ACE-Asia (Aerosol Characterization Experiment) and TRACE-P (Transport and Chemical Evolution over the Pacific) campaigns (March to May 2001). I implemented a methodology that is the most adapted to my study, and based on the burnt area cartography (GBA-2000 project (Global Burnt Area 2000) [Tansey et al., 2005]). The results of this study, ABBI (Asian Biomass Burning Inventory) [Michel et al., 2005] have been compared with another biomass burning emission inventory (ACESS: ACE-Asia and TRACE-P Modelling and Emission Support System) [Streets et al., 2003], built from fire counts and not from burnt areas. This comparison shows the limits of the use of fire counts in the emission inventory maps and underlines the importance and the relevance of the method used in my study. A comparison with the year 2000 emission inventory, obtained with the same method, underlines the importance of the inter-annual variations. The ABBI inventory has been introduced in the Meso-NH-C mesoscale model combined with an aerosol module: ORISAM (ORganic and Inorganic Spectral Aerosol Module) Bessagnet, 2000]. I have focused in particular on the impact of the burnt vegetation emissions over the asian continent. Comparisons between simulated and ground and airborne measured data showed satisfactory results in some cases, but showed also some limits. Sensitivity tests have been carried out firstly to test the impact of fire emissions by considering the ACESS inventory in Meso-NH-C-ORISAM, secondly to highlight the parameters deemed in the model to form secondary organic aerosols by using the ORISAM module in his 0D version. On the whole, this work emphasizes the major importance of the inventories of gas and particle emissions at a continental scale on atmospheric chemistry. Moreover, it also shows the contribution of the ORISAM module to the analysis and understanding of the heterogeneous chemical processes in the pollution episode in Asia. (author)

  16. Pengaruh Faktor Internal Dan Eksternal Ibu Terhadap Pemberian MP-ASI Pada Anak Usia 0-6 Bulan Di Kota Langsa

    OpenAIRE

    Salim, Safrina

    2011-01-01

    Complementary feeding for infants of 0-6 months years old is one of the factors that affect optimal growth and development in infants. Provision of complementary feeding at this time will reduce the scope of exclusive breast feeding. The scope of exclusive breastfeeding in the city of Langsa was still low 39.87% (in 2009) while the national target of 80%. This is apparently related to internal factors of mother (knowledge, attitude, motivation) and external factors (family support, the role o...

  17. BEDİZÜZZAMAN’DA MEDENİYET İNŞASI: BİR DİNLER TARİHİ YAKLAŞIMI

    OpenAIRE

    ALICI, Mustafa

    2015-01-01

    Bediuzzaman is not opponent to the Western civilization. What he did oppose is to imitate it blindly. He also opposes for the ideas as to be civilized or to be Europeanized in surface and identically. For him, this approach to the civilization means to insist on the its phenomena not on its essences

  18. A China como um duplo pólo na economia mundial e a recentralização da economia asiática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Aguiar de Medeiros

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available China as a double pole in the world economy and the recentralization of the Asian economy. The extraordinary growth of Chinese trade that occurred in the last years changed China’s role on world and regional economy. As a major producer of industrial consumer goods to OCDE countries, China has negatively affected many Asian competitors but as an expansive market China became the main source of growth to Asian countries. This new dimension was achieved after the Asian crisis of 1997 by an economic expansion led by public investment. After considering the Chinese balance of payment position and its industrial strategy this paper investigates this double dimension of China on trade and its influence on Asian countries.

  19. High Efficiency Thin Film CdTe and a-Si Based Solar Cells: Annual Technical Report, 4 March 1999 - 3 March 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Compaan, A. D.; Deng, X.; Bohn, R. G. (The University of Toledo)

    2001-08-29

    This report describes the research on high-efficiency CdTe-based thin-film solar cells and on high-efficiency a-Si-based thin-film solar cells. Implemented a diode-array spectrograph system and used optical emission spectroscopy to help optimize the reactive sputtering of N-doped ZnTe for CdTe back-contact structures. Identified the photoluminescence signatures of various defect states in CdTe related to Cd vacancies, CuCd acceptors, Cu-VCd complexes, and donor-acceptor pairs, and related these states to instabilities in the hole concentration at room temperature. Showed that Cu is an important non-radiative center in CdS, reducing the PL efficiency. Studied band tailing in CdS weakly alloyed with CdTe and CdTe weakly alloyed with CdS. Fabricated superstrate ITO/CdS/CdTe cells on Mo substrates with efficiencies above 7.5%. Collaborated in studies of EXAFS of Cu in CdTe which indicate a Cu-Te bond length of 2.62 {angstrom} or 6.7% shorter than the CdTe, bond in agreement with calculations of Wei et al. Provided assistance to two groups on laser scribing. Comparatively studied the performance of a-SiGe solar cells and properties of a-SiGe single-layer films deposited using a wide range of H dilution, observed transition from a-SiGe to {mu}c-SiGe at high H dilution and the impact on cell performances. Comparatively studied the performance of a-SiGe solar cells and properties of a-SiGe single-layer films with different Ge contents, suitable for use as component cells of triple-junction devices. Fabricated a-Si-based solar cells on ultra-thin stainless-steel substrate (7.5 micron) and obtained equivalent performance and yield as on the regular SS substrates (127 microns). Comparatively studied the performance of a-Si-based solar cells on SS substrates and on SnO2-coated glass substrates. Studied the performance of p-layers deposited under various deposition conditions for n-i-p type solar cells. Performed an analysis for the component cell current-matching within a triple-junction solar cell.

  20. Mujer, familia y maquiladoras asiáticas en Yucatán México (Women, Family And CHinese Corporations In Yucatan Mexico)

    OpenAIRE

    Beatriz CASTILLA RAMOS; Estela SUÁREZ AGUILAR; Beatriz TORRES GÓNGORA

    2008-01-01

    Este documento presenta, desde la perspectiva internacional, las relaciones entre China y México con la intención de ubicar sus políticas de ubicación de plantas maquiladoras en el extranjero, especialmente en Yucatán Mexico. En el estudio de terreno, en cuatro empresas, se examina la relación Mujer, trabajo y familia en dos firmas que pertenecen a la provincia de China: una de Hong Kong y otra de Taiwán. Se analiza el impacto en sus condiciones y formas de trabajo, así como en los arreglos d...

  1. Pavilon savců a ptáků Asie - ZOO Dvůr Králové

    OpenAIRE

    Procházka, Libor

    2009-01-01

    Konverze objektu bývalé slévárny na okraji areálu ZOO pro potřebu výstavního pavilonu drobných savců a ptáků s živou expozicí. Pavilon bude zaměřen v souladu se specializací ZOO, na faunu a flóru asijského kontinentu. Conversion object ex-foundry pavilion of mammalia and birds with live exposition. Exhibition pavilion is oriented at fauna and flora of asia. B

  2. Víceúrovňová ekonomická governance: příklad jihovýchodní Asie

    OpenAIRE

    Wagnerová, Markéta

    2010-01-01

    This thesis examines characteristics of the economic governance, its levels and changes that were made in response to events in Southeast Asia in 1997/1998. it describes in detail the role of levels of the economic governance during the solution of the asian financial crisis, that exposed its vulnerabilities. In response to the crisis many changes took place. In the region of Southeast Asia these changes were designed to reform the International Monetary Fund, the origin of regional cooperati...

  3. Repensando o Melodrama no Contexto Asiático: um estudo sobre a série televisiva sul-coreana Dae Jang Geum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARVALHO, Ludmila Moreira Macedo de

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Although it is normally considered as a universal artistic genre, the melodrama is seldom contemplated in the context of the Asian community. As a historically Western concept, can it really be used to define Eastern artistic representations? This essay argues that “melodrama” can indeed be used in the Asian context, provided that it observes some of the particularities of the culture that is beingrepresented. Through the analysis of the South Korean television series Dae Jang Geum, a worldwide audience phenomenon, we shall observe more closely what are those particularities and universalities of the Asian melodrama.

  4. Semejanzas entre el ajo (Allium sativum) costarricense y el ajo asiático según secuencias de ADN ribosomal

    OpenAIRE

    Karina Barboza Rojas; Alejandro Hernández Soto; Claudia Zúñiga Vega

    2012-01-01

    En Costa Rica, la producción de ajo (Allium sativum) es escasa y se limita principalmente a las regiones de Llano Grande de Cartago. Sin embargo, por el precio que tiene actualmente en el mercado, el ajo costarricense se vislumbra como una hortaliza que podría constituirse en un recurso valioso para los productores nacionales. Por lo anterior, en este artículo se presenta la caracterización mediante secuencias ribosomales de materiales de ajo provenientes Costa Rica y su comparación con ajo i...

  5. Semejanzas entre el ajo (Allium sativum costarricense y el ajo asiático según secuencias de ADN ribosomal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Barboza Rojas

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available En Costa Rica, la producción de ajo (Allium sativum es escasa y se limita principalmente a las regiones de Llano Grande de Cartago. Sin embargo, por el precio que tiene actualmente en el mercado, el ajo costarricense se vislumbra como una hortaliza que podría constituirse en un recurso valioso para los productores nacionales. Por lo anterior, en este artículo se presenta la caracterización mediante secuencias ribosomales de materiales de ajo provenientes Costa Rica y su comparación con ajo importado de China. El ADN se extrajo a partir de hojas de vitroplantas de ajo mantenidas en un congelador a -70°C, pulverizadas en un mortero. El ADN ribosomal se amplificó, purificó y secuenció. Se realizó el análisis bioinformático de las secuencias ribosomales. El BLASTn permitió determinar que los productos de PCR amplificados corresponden a la secuencia parcial de los genes 28S y 18S (sitios de unión de los cebadores y a la secuencia completa de la región ITS-1, 5.8S e ITS-2. Se encontró que todas las secuencias alinearon en casi un 100% con la accesión EU626375.1 publicada en la base de datos del GeneBank, correspondiente al clon Allium sativum voucher BF-ALL-037. En general, las secuencias mostraron ser muy conservadas. Los puntajes obtenidos del alineamiento realizado con ClustalW reflejaron una identidad del 97 al 99% entre las secuencias.El presente estudio es el primer reporte de este tipo que se realiza sobre ajo costarricense y generó información básica e indispensable para continuar con los estudios moleculares de este cultivo.

  6. PEMBERIAN MP-ASI DAN STATUS GIZI BAYI USIA 6-24 BULAN BERDASARKAN INDEKS BB/U DI DESA BAN KECAMATAN KUBU TAHUN 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Akmal Hakim

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available THE PROVISION OF COMPLEMENTARY FOOD AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF BABY AGE 6-24 MONTH BASED ON WEIGHT/AGE INDEX IN BAN VILLAGE, KUBU DISTRICT ABSTRACT The provision of complementary foods (solids early or too late will cause the baby susceptible to infectious diseases, allergies, nutritional deficiencies, and excess nutrients, which can lead to malnutrition and impaired growth. This research is to know the description the provision of complementary feeding and nutritional status of infants aged 6-24 months.This study was a cross sectional study in Public Healthcare Centre (Puskesmas Kubu II with a sample of 81 people were selected by convenient sampling. As the sample is domiciled in infants Puskesmas Kubu II, and the exclusion criteria are infants with chronic infections, chronic diseases, congenital abnormalities and neurological defects. Data collection using questionnaires to a sample of parents selected as responders and weight measurements of the samples. Data analysis was performed univariate and bivariate. The result is from 81 samples obtained 59 samples were not given timely complementary feeding. Malnutrition status was found in 1 sample and 80 samples with good nutrition. Judging from the trend level of education and the provision of complementary feeding accuracy, the lower the level of research increasingly imprecise provision of complementary feeding. From the group of mothers with a high education level, 88.1% did not provide timely complementary feeding. In granting the accuracy of the distribution of complementary feeding on the nutritional status, the provision of timely complementary feeding not found one case of malnutrition (1.7% and 58 well-nourished (98.3. While the provision of timely complementary feeding found 22 cases of good nutrition (100%. Keywords: breast milk complementary feeding, bad nutrition, good nutrition

  7. ÖZEL ALAN / KAMUSAL ALAN DİKOTOMİSİ: KADINLIĞIN "DOĞASI" VE KAMUSAL ALANDAN DIŞLANMIŞLIĞI

    OpenAIRE

    Günindi Ersöz, Aysel

    2015-01-01

    In the distinction between public and private space whose base lies in the ancient Greek thought, polis was defined as the place of man, and oikos as the place of woman and children. However, the main division between public and private space has taken place with the Industrial Revolution. The division between public/private and production/reproduction is conventionally understood in terms of the division of labor in accordance with gender difference. From the traditional point of view, the p...

  8. In Situ PL and SPV Monitored Charge Carrier Injection During Metal Assisted Etching of Intrinsic a-Si Layers on c-Si.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greil, Stefanie M; Rappich, Jörg; Korte, Lars; Bastide, Stéphane

    2015-06-01

    Although hydrogenated amorphous silicon is already widely examined regarding its structural and electronic properties, the chemical etching behavior of this material is only roughly understood. We present a detailed study of the etching properties of intrinsic hydrogenated amorphous silicon, (i)a-Si:H, layers on crystalline silicon, c-Si, within the framework of metal assisted chemical etching (MACE) using silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs). The etching processes are examined by in situ photoluminescence (PL) and in situ surface photovoltage (SPV) measurements, as these techniques allow a monitoring of the hole injection that takes place during MACE. By in situ PL measurements and SEM images, we could interpret the different stages of the MACE process of (i)a-Si:H layers and determine etch rates of (i)a-Si:H, that are found to be influenced by the size of the Ag NPs. In situ PL and in situ SPV measurements both enable researchers to determine when the Ag NPs reach the (i)a-Si:H/c-Si interface. Furthermore, a preferential MACE of (i)a-Si:H versus c-Si is revealed for the first time. This effect could be explained by an interplay of the different thermodynamic and structural properties of the two materials as well as by hole injection during MACE resulting in a field effect passivation. The presented results allow an application of the examined MACE processes for Si nanostructuring applications. PMID:25965159

  9. Distribución de los productos asiáticos en América en el siglo XVII: una aproximación

    OpenAIRE

    Picazo Muntaner, Antoni

    2013-01-01

    From the analysis of records of deceased goods in the seventeenth century we have analyzed the distribution of Asian products both in continental America and in major port cities in the Caribbean. This study compared it with the evolutionary phases of transpacific trade and its impact on Philippine economy and New Spain.

  10. Laiatarbe elustiilimärk EstIndi - India päikeses küpsenud eesti asi / Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veenre, Tanel, 1977-

    2009-01-01

    Krõõt Nõmmela Eesti Kunstiakadeemia tekstiili eriala magistritööna sündinud kaubamärgist "EstIndi", kollektsioonidest ja näitusest galeriis Hop. 21. juunini saab Krõõt Nõmmela tööd näha Eesti Kunstiakadeemia lõputööde näitusel "Tase'09". Magistritöö juhendaja Mare Kelpman

  11. Kandungan Vitamin pada Bahan Dasar MP-ASI Tepung Campuran Pisang Awak dengan Tepung Beras serta Sumbangannya Terhadap Angka Kecukupan Gizi Bayi

    OpenAIRE

    Harahap, Yunita

    2015-01-01

    The complementary feeding given to babies older than 6 months. The complementary feeding different types of materials adapted to the manufacture of the local food supply. Awak banana has one of Indonesian eminent local food that used as complementary feeding. This descriptive research aimed to know the vitamins content from mixed flour of awak banana and rice flour and the contribution of vitamins (RDA). In this research, analyzed the content of fat soluble vitamins by Ultra Performance Li...

  12. Mercados emergentes en crisis financieras internacionales: el caso argentino a la luz de las experiencias de México y el Sudeste Asiático

    OpenAIRE

    Oddone, Carlos Nahuel

    2004-01-01

    En la última década del siglo XX, se han observado crisis financieras en los denominados países emergentes, que han repercutido en todo el sistema internacional. a comienzo de los años noventa, las bajas tasas de interés en los países avanzados por recomendación de la Reserva Federal de los Estados Unidos, impulsó que muchos inversionistas salieron al exterior en busca de mayor rentabilidad. Los fondos de inversión acuñaron un nombre nuevo para lo que antes se llamaba Tercer Mundo, o países e...

  13. Estado e economia na Coreia do Sul - do Estado desenvolvimentista à crise asiática e à recuperação posterior

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandre Queiroz Guimarães

    2010-01-01

    The State and the economy in South Korea: from the developmentist state to the Asian crisis and later recovery. The article focuses on the institutions of South Korean capitalism and on the interactions between the state and the economy. The economic model in South Korea was characterized by a very interventionist state, which played a very active role in the process of industrialization. However, South Korea suffered a severe crisis in 1997, attributed by many authors to the distortions inhe...

  14. Estado e economia na Coreia do Sul - do Estado desenvolvimentista à crise asiática e à recuperação posterior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Queiroz Guimarães

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The State and the economy in South Korea: from the developmentist state to the Asian crisis and later recovery. The article focuses on the institutions of South Korean capitalism and on the interactions between the state and the economy. The economic model in South Korea was characterized by a very interventionist state, which played a very active role in the process of industrialization. However, South Korea suffered a severe crisis in 1997, attributed by many authors to the distortions inherent to strong state intervention. The article shows that the crisis was a result of the combination between internal economic fragilities and a rapid process of financial deregulation, which undermined the state's capacity of control. The crisis, nevertheless, does not disqualify the role of the national institutions in the very successful process of industrialization. Despite the reforms, the Korean capitalism conserves much of the previous model of business organization and industrial relations. The state continues strong and played active role in the process of economic reforms. There are, nevertheless, doubts about the impacts of the reforms and the new configuration of Korean capitalism. They will depend on the current transformations in world economy and in the East Asian countries.

  15. Characterization of a-SiC:H as a window material for p-i-n a-Si solar cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tawada, Y.; Hamakawa, Y.; Kondo, M.; Nishimura, K.; Okamoto, H.; Tsuge, K.

    1982-01-01

    Films of a-SiC:H were settled by method of plasma breakdown of a mixture of silane with methane (SM) or silane with ethylene (SET). For optical and optical-electron measurements, films of a-SiC:H were applied to a substrate made of glass or monocrystalline Si. Photoelectrical properties were studied on solar cells with structure glass/Sn0/sub 2//p-a-SiC:H/5-n-aSi:H/Al in which a layer of a-SiC:H of thickness 10 mm was alloyed by B. With increase in the width of the forbidden zone of a-SiC:H from 1.75 to 2.15 eV, current density of short circuiting of the solar cell rises from 10.5 to 12.5 mA/cm/sub 2/, if a-SiC:H was obtained from SM, and roughly from 9 to 10.5 mA/cm/sub 2/ if from SET. The photoelectromotive force changes in this case approximately from 0.8 to 0.9 V. The jump in potential on the boundary of the valent zone in the p-i-heterotransition, where a-SiC:H was obtained from the SET limits the collection of light-generated holes from the i-layer. The film of a-Si-C:H obtained from the SET contains C mainly in the form of C/sup 2/H/sup 5/ groups, while a-SiC:H from CM is an amorphous alloy close to the ideal with small quantity of the CH/sup 3/ groups.

  16. Introducción de las artes marciales asiáticas en Portugal = The introduction of asian martial arts in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Gutiérrez García

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio analiza la introducción del jujutsu en Portugal, sucedida a principios del siglo XX. Para su realización se ha consultado fundamentalmente prensa histórica portuguesa, tanto general como específica del ámbito deportivo. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que la introducción del jujutsu en Portugal se produjo fundamentalmente a través del mundo del espectáculo, mediante actuaciones de expertos japoneses. Las notables diferencias técnicas y corporales entre estos luchadores japoneses y los luchadores profesionales de lucha libre y grecorromana de la época, a los que habitualmente solían derrotar, contribuyeron a generar un potente imaginario de las artes de combate orientales como sistemas superiores de cultura física y defensa personal. No obstante, a pesar del éxito del jujutsu este no logró afianzarse sólidamente en Portugal, desapareciendo progresivamente de la escena pública desde principios de la segunda década del siglo XX.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------The present study analyzes the introduction of jujutsu in Portugal at the beginning of the 20th century. Mainly, historical Portuguese newspapers were reviewed, both general and specific from sports field. Results show that the introduction of jujutsu in Portugal was principally conduced via the show business through exhibitions performed by Japanese experts. Significant technical and physical differences between the Japanese fighters and the professional Freestyle and Greco-roman fighters, who were usually defeated by the former, contributed to create a powerful imaginary of the eastern fighting arts as superior systems of physical culture and self-defence. However, in spite of jujutsu’s success, it did not come to be strongly established in Portugal, vanishing progressively off the public scene since the beginning of the 1910s.

  17. Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition of wear resistant gradual a-Si1-x:Cx:H coatings on nickel-titanium for biomedical applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niermann, Benedikt; Böke, Marc; Schauer, Janine-Christina; Winter, Jörg

    2010-03-01

    Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition has been used to deposit thin films with gradual transitions from silicon to carbon on Cu, Ni, stainless steel, and NiTi. Thus show low stress, elasticity, and wear resistance with excellent adhesion on all metals under investigation. Already at low Si concentrations of 10 at. % the intrinsic stress is considerably reduced compared to pure diamondlike carbon (DLC) films. The deposition process is controlled by optical emission spectroscopy. This technique has been applied to monitor the growth precursors and to correlate them with the film composition. The compositions of the films were determined by Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy and XPS measurements. Due to the elastic properties of the gradual transition and the excellent biocompatibility of DLC, the described film systems present a useful coating for biomedical applications.

  18. Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition of wear resistant gradual a-Si1-x:Cx:H coatings on nickel-titanium for biomedical applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition has been used to deposit thin films with gradual transitions from silicon to carbon on Cu, Ni, stainless steel, and NiTi. Thus show low stress, elasticity, and wear resistance with excellent adhesion on all metals under investigation. Already at low Si concentrations of 10 at. % the intrinsic stress is considerably reduced compared to pure diamondlike carbon (DLC) films. The deposition process is controlled by optical emission spectroscopy. This technique has been applied to monitor the growth precursors and to correlate them with the film composition. The compositions of the films were determined by Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy and XPS measurements. Due to the elastic properties of the gradual transition and the excellent biocompatibility of DLC, the described film systems present a useful coating for biomedical applications.

  19. Modelos de Algoritmos Genéticos y Redes Neuronales en la Predicción de Índices Bursátiles Asiáticos

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    This study analyzes the capacity of multivariated models constructed from genetic algorithms and artificial neural networks to predict the sign of the weekly variations of the Asian stock-market indexes Nikkei225, Hang Seng, Shanghai Composite, Seoul Comp

  20. Mitigación del cambio climático versus desarrollo económico -El debate asiático frente a la Conferencia de Copenhague-

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroshi Wago Rojas

    2009-11-01

    de una sana política medio ambiental. Para lograr una solución a la encrucijada entre la mitigación y el desarrollo económico, es fundamental la creatividad en las proposiciones y el compromiso político en Copenhague, así como la profundización en los mecanismos flexibles, los cuales, acompañados de la participación ciudadana, son pilares fundamentales para un verdadero desarrollo sostenible.

  1. Makroekonomická fundamentální analýza Evropy, Asie a Ameriky s akcentem na bankovní sektor

    OpenAIRE

    Petr, Pavel

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the thesis is analysing and evaluating the situation in each region through macroeconomical factors. First chapter is focused on Europe. The most interesting part of this chapter is the fiscal policy. Second chapter provides insight to fascinating Asia and its huge rise in recent past. Third chapter provides analysis of development of interesting economical values in America. Last fourth chapter includes econometrical analysis of relationships between time series of macroeconomical...

  2. HUBUNGAN KONSUMSI MAKANAN IBU SELAMA KEHAMILAN DAN PEMBERIAN ASI PERTAMA KALI SETELAH MELAHIRKAN (ASSOCIATION OF MATERNAL FOOD CONSUMPTION DURING PREGNANCY AND THE FIRST TIME BREASTFEEDING AFTER DELIVERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tjetjep Syarif Hidayat

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background: Ability to produce breast-milk is to some extent dependent on the storage of material from the mother's food during the prenatal period, as well as on the supply of nutrients from the food she receives during lactation. Objective: To study association of maternal food consumption during pregnancy and the first time breastfeeding after delivery. Methods: We took advantage from a cross-sectional research for Development of Media and Promotional Strategies for Exclusive Breastfeeding in rural and urban West Java, 2006. The analysis is based on 609 mothers who had infants aged 6-12 months in the Bandung city and district, West Java. ‘The first time breastfeeding after delivery’ was identified from the question of ‘how many hours after birth did mother breastfeed her child for the first time’. We used Chi-Square to analyze the association between the mother’s food consumption during prenatal period and the first time breastfeeding after delivery. Results: Mothers who ate more food during pregnancy as much as 1-2 servings per day of pre-pregnancy and the occasional drink of milk to the baby was feeding time less than 3 hours after birth. Whereas mothers who during pregnancy eating just the same as before pregnancy, the first time breastfeeding was longer than 3 hours or even up to 2 days after delivery. The test results obtained was statistically significant difference. Conclusion: Maternal food consumption during pregnancy is significantly associated with the first time breastfeeding after delivery. [Penel Gizi Makan 2010, 33(2: 154-160] Keywords: food consumption, maternal, pregnancy, early breast-milk

  3. Continuous roll-to-roll a-Si photovoltaic manufacturing technology. Semiannual technical progress report, 1 April 1992--30 September 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Izu, M. [Energy Conversion Devices, Inc., Troy, MI (United States)

    1993-04-01

    This report describes work performed by ECD to advance its roll-to-roll, triple-junction photovoltaic manufacturing technologies; to reduce the module production costs; to increase the stabilized module performance; and to expand the commercial capacity utilizing ECD technology. The 3-year goal is to develop advanced large-scale manufacturing technology incorporating ECD`s earlier research advances with the capability of producing modules with stable 11% efficiency at a cost of approximately $1/W{sub p}. Major efforts during Phase I are (1) the optimization of the high-performance back-reflector system, (2) the optimization of a-Si-Ge narrow band-gap solar cell, and (3) the optimization of the stable efficiency of the module. The goal is to achieve a stable 8% efficient 0.3-m {times} 1.2-m (1-ft {times} 4-ft) module. Also, the efforts include work on a proprietary, high-deposition-rate, microwave plasma, CVD manufacturing technology; and on the investigation of material cost reduction.

  4. Budushtsheje estonskoi elektroenergetiki - slanets, veter, opilki i uran / Andrei Demenkov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Demenkov, Andrei

    2008-01-01

    AS-i Narva Elektrijaamad juhatuse esimees Ilmar Petersen ja AS-i Eesti Energia tehnikadirektor Raine Pajo põlevkivienergeetika tulevikust, alternatiivsetest energiaallikatest, taastuvenergia kasutamisega seotud projektidest

  5. Na koi nam "Nokia" / Jekaterina Rodina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rodina, Jekaterina

    2008-01-01

    OÜ Krimelte, AS-i Estonia Klaverivabrik, AS-i Silbet, AS-i Standard, AS-i Wendre, BLRT Grupi ja Viru Keemia Grupi kui Eesti olulisemate ettevõtete majandusnäitajatest ning kohast Eestis ja maailmaturul. Lisa: Juhtivate eksportijate mitteametlik reiting

  6. Kõrgharidus töö ja pere kõrvalt / Ave Paavo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paavo, Ave

    2006-01-01

    AS-i Prisma Peremarket ostujuht Marge Saluste, AS-i Anttila klienditeenindusosakonna juhataja Reta Lepp, AS-i Kaupmees & Ko turunduskoordinaator Hele Allikas, Lada Eesti AS-i Pärnu esinduse juhataja Inge Rootslane hariduse omandamise motivatsioonist, kooli valikust ning õppimise ühitamisest töö ja pereeluga

  7. « Les fonctions du chien chez les pasteurs nomades des montagnes de l’Asie du Sud-Ouest ». Ethnozootechnie, n° 78, 2006, pp. 125-129.

    OpenAIRE

    Bromberger, Christian

    2008-01-01

    Se fondant sur sa longue expérience de terrain chez les Baḫtiyārī et sur une ample bibliographie, l’A. analyse les fonctions manifestes et latentes des chiens de campement et des chiens de troupeau dans les populations de pasteurs nomades qui, de l’Anatolie à l’Himalaya, pratiquent un nomadisme vertical. Chaque famille nucléaire, abritée sous une tente, possède deux ou trois chiens, chargés de protéger les personnes et les biens (les vols de bétail sont fréquents) et qui délimitent, en urinan...

  8. SPATIAL PERCEPTION AS THE CONSTRUCTION OF NATIONAL IDENTITY IN YAHYA KEMAL BEYATLI'S POETRY - YAHYA KEMAL BEYATLI’NIN ŞİİRLERİNDE MİLLÎ KİMLİK İNŞASI OLARAK MEKÂN ALGISI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şamil YEŞİLYURT

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Stereotypes which eliminates to individuation in Postmodern era reveals exclusive, domineering situation in a peripheral system. This system, which desires to be community members' virtually a chimera while increasing individual loneliness and introverted draws catastrophic moods. This condition is usually seen as a disease of modern times, but in fact, identity crisis which one of the main problems of each era, in front of society and the individual arise as the alienation and loneliness psychology. The person seeking identity firstly begins spiritual journey with the question itself; adds to its society and geography; interrogation, proving, a sense of ownership which society and places the ripple occur. the point where the individual wants to achieve is this: between lived lands with own identity are a very close relationship; territories revealing itself, at the same time self has been built up; another aim is prove that the building bridge the triangle of time-space-person reliable. In this sense, Yahya Kemal Beyatlı, stands on the issue of identity, seeking solutions to them, which contribute with works to the nation-building process one of the artist's. In this study, the process construction of national identity at the beginning of the 20th century which such a situation again ocur and problem of existence-erosion perhaps the most fell throughout the history of Turkey, Yahya Kemal Beyatlı's poetry will be examined in the context of spatial perception.

  9. Volavérunt, un Cluedo histórico: aproximando el mundo de Goya a estudiantes asiáticos a través de la enseñanza mediante tareas y el aprendizaje cooperativo

    OpenAIRE

    Begoña García Migura

    2013-01-01

    En esta comunicación se verá cómo se pueden adaptar los enfoques comunicativos para la enseñanza de E/LE a contextos docentes de orientación confuciana. Se parte de la reflexión sobre las especificidades de este entorno de enseñanza-aprendizaje, para aprovechando las sinergias entre tradición e innovación educativa, implementar una unidad didáctica posmétodo. Esta se basa en la enseñanza mediante tareas y el aprendizaje cooperativo y contempla, además de la integración delas cuatro destrezas ...

  10. Volavérunt, un Cluedo histórico: aproximando el mundo de Goya a estudiantes asiáticos a través de la enseñanza mediante tareas y el aprendizaje cooperativo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Begoña García Migura

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En esta comunicación se verá cómo se pueden adaptar los enfoques comunicativos para la enseñanza de E/LE a contextos docentes de orientación confuciana. Se parte de la reflexión sobre las especificidades de este entorno de enseñanza-aprendizaje, para aprovechando las sinergias entre tradición e innovación educativa, implementar una unidad didáctica posmétodo. Esta se basa en la enseñanza mediante tareas y el aprendizaje cooperativo y contempla, además de la integración delas cuatro destrezas –confiriendo especial protagonismo a la expresión escrita en blogs–,la atención a la forma y el desarrollo del componente metacognitivo. Asimismo, se hace énfasis en el potencial de la imagen, a través del cine y de la provisión de material auténtico, para canalizar la diferencia de referentes históricos entre la cultura de origen y de destino y poder facilitar así una aproximación a la época y figura de Goya por parte de estudiantes vietnamitas.

  11. "Degollaron a todos los dichos treynta e tres yngleses e asy degollados dis que los lançaron en la mar": Las hermandades vascas y la lucha contra la piratería en la Baja Edad Media

    OpenAIRE

    Bazán Díaz, Iñaki

    2006-01-01

    [ES]En este artículo se analizan las acciones de piratería y de corso sufridas o protagonizadas por naturales del País Vasco en el siglo XV. Igualmente se analiza la concesión de cartas de marca y represalia para resarcirse de las acciones piráticas. Y, por último, la persecución de la pirtaería por parte de las autoridades de la provincia de Guipúzcoa, a través de la institución de la Hermamdad, mediante el ejemplo de un buque inglés capturado por piratas vascos.

  12. Hubungan Pemberian Mp-Asi Dini Dengan Kejadian Penyakit Infeksi Pada Bayi 0-6 Bulan Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sindar Raya Kecamatan Raya Kahean Kabupaten Simalungun Tahun 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Harahap, Dewi Sri Nauli

    2013-01-01

    Infancy is a critical period in human life. Infants of age 0-6 months can grow optimally by using breast milk for the first six months. However, in reality, before six months many babies have been given complementary breastfeeding. The purpose of this research is to know the relationship of early complementary breastfeeding with the infection incidence of infants 0-6 months in working area of Sindar Raya Health Center. This type of research was the descriptive study with cross-sectional...

  13. Faktor-Faktor yang Memengaruhi Ibu dalam Pemberian Makanan Pendamping ASI Terlalu Dini di Wilayah Kerja UPTD Puskesmas Teluk Karang Kecamatan Bajenis Kota Tening Tinggi Provinsi Sumatera Utara Tahun 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Damanik, Novianti

    2016-01-01

    The early complementary feeding is foods or drinks that contain nutrients given to infants under 6 months of age. The early complementary feeding at this time will reduce the coverage of exclusive breastfeeding. The coverage of exclusive breastfeeding in the Puskesmas Teluk Karang was still low about 32,8% (in 2014) while the national target was 80%. It is suspected related to factors of social culture and family support. The purpose of this study was to understand factors influenced the moth...

  14. SAĞLIK İDDİASI İÇEREN GIDA REKLAMLARININ İLETİŞİM ETKİSİNDE SAĞLIK İLGİNLİĞİNİN ROLÜ

    OpenAIRE

    ATAR, G. Motif

    2015-01-01

    Today, as a result of increasement in consumers’ interests on healthy diet and life, marketers have begun to position their products differently, and food companies have presented products with health claims. The aim of this research is to assess participants, whose levels of involvement in health have been determined, about their attitudes towards three different types of claims on health in the advertisement they see, their recollections on the claim and their purchase intentions, within th...

  15. Avaliação da tolerância de cultivares de soja à ferrugem asiática no oeste da Bahia Tolerance assessment of soybean cultivars to Asian rust caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi in western Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana C. B. de Oliveira

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available A utilização de tolerância como forma de controle da ferrugem da soja (Glycine max, causada pelo fungo Phakopsora pachyrhizi, pode ser uma alternativa viável, visto que a resistência qualitativa tem-se mostrado instável, em função da variabilidade do fungo. Este trabalho foi realizado na região oeste da Bahia, na safra 2003/04, com objetivo de avaliar a tolerância das principais cultivares de soja utilizadas na região. Foram avaliadas quatro cultivares de ciclo precoce [MG/BR 46 (Conquista, Emgopa 315, BRS Corisco e M-SOY 8411] e quatro cultivares de ciclo tardio (BRS Barreiras, M-SOY 9350, FT 106 e BRS Sambaíba. A tolerância foi quantificada pela diferença de produtividade entre subparcelas tratadas e não tratadas com fungicida. As cultivares MG/BR 46 (Conquista e M-SOY 8411 apresentaram diferenças de rendimento não significativas, no entanto, essa característica não pôde ser atribuída à tolerância, em função da baixa severidade observada no ensaio. Essa diferença pôde ser atribuída a escape, uma vez que, no momento em que a ferrugem obteve valores mais elevados de severidade, as duas cultivares já estavam na fase final de desenvolvimento. Embora a severidade máxima observada no ensaio tenha sido baixa (30,5% para a cultivar BRS Barreiras, com exceção das cultivares MG/BR 46 (Conquista e M-SOY 8411, as demais cultivares avaliadas apresentaram diferença significativa entre as subparcelas tratadas e não tratadas com fungicida, mostrando ausência de tolerância das principais cultivares comerciais cultivadas no oeste da Bahia. Neste trabalho, foi observado que as cultivares de ciclo precoce apresentaram reduções de produtividade inferiores às de ciclo tardio.The use of tolerance as a form of control for soybean rust can be a viable alternative, since qualitative resistance has been shown to be unstable in function of fungal variability. This trial was carried out at in western Bahia in 2003/04, with the objective of assessing the tolerance of the main soybean (Glycine max cultivars used in the area. Four early maturity cultivars [MG/BR 46 (Conquista, Emgopa 315, BRS Corisco and M-SOY 8411] and four cultivars of late maturity (BRS Barreiras, M-SOY 9350, FT 106 and BRS Sambaíba were assessed. Tolerance was quantified by determining the difference of yield in subplots treated and untreated with fungicide. The cultivars MG/BR 46 (Conquista and M-SOY 8411 did not present significant yield differences; however, this could not be attributed to tolerance in function of the low severity observed in this trial. This difference could be attributed to escape, since when the rust obtained higher values of severity, the two cultivars were already in the final stages of development. Although the maximum severity observed in this trial has been low (30.5% for BRS Barreiras, except MG/BR 46 (Conquista and M-SOY 8411, the others cultivars assessed presented significant differences among the subplots treated and untreated with fungicide. This shows an absence of tolerance in the main cultivars commercially planted in western Bahia. It was observed that early maturity cultivars had inferior yield reductions than late maturity cultivars.

  16. Simulation and Optimization of a-Si (n)/c-Si (p) Amorphous Layer of Hetero-junction Battery%a-Si(n)/c-Si(p)异质结电池非晶层的模拟优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴国盛; 王振文; 闻腾; 刘淑平

    2012-01-01

    Afors-het numerical simulation software,for a-Si(n) / a-Si(i) / c-Si(p) battery structure of the main parameters of the amorphous layer,the analog of the emission layer of the hetero junction cells was studied and discussed.Doping concentration,the interface state,the intrinsic amorphous layer thickness and an emission layer made the following conclusions: the thickness of the emission layer is principally affected shortwave photon absorption;decreased with increasing thickness,the battery performance;emission layer heavily doped with a condition to obtain good conversion efficiency;low interface state of the battery performance when the 1014cm-2·eV-1,the battery performance is poor;high quality of the intrinsic amorphous layer can be effectively passivated silicon,to reduce the interface state density,and to improve battery performance,but should be controlled within a certain thickness.%采用afors-het数值模拟软件,针对a-Si(n)/a-Si(i)/c-Si(p)电池结构的非晶层主要参数,模拟研究并讨论了异质结电池的发射层厚度、发射层掺杂浓度、界面态和本征非晶层。提出了如下结论:发射层厚度主要影响短波光子吸收;随着厚度的增加,电池性能均下降;发射层重掺杂是获得好的转化效率的一个条件;界面态较低时对电池性能影响不大,当达到1014cm-2·eV-1时,电池性能很差;高质量的本征非晶层可以有效钝化硅片,降低界面态密度,提高电池性能,但应控制一定厚度内。

  17. Cinématique tertiaire et rotations de blocs dans l'ouest de l'Asie Centrale (Tien Shan Kirghiz et dépression Tadjik). Etude structurale et paléomagnétique

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas, Jean-Charles

    1993-01-01

    Depuis 45 Ma, le continent asiatique se déforme sous l'effet de la collision continentale de l'Inde. L'épaississement crustal et l'extrusion de blocs le long de grands décrochements sont considérés comme les deux principaux mécanismes accommodant la déformation. Par ailleurs, des observations structurales suggèrent la présence de rotations de blocs autour d'axes verticaux au niveau des syntaxes Est et Ouest himalayennes et dans une zone allant de l'Afghanistan au Baïkal. L'étude des relations...

  18. Le Tibet de Samarcande et le pays de Kûsh : mythes et réalités d’Asie centrale chez Benjamin de Tudèle

    OpenAIRE

    Tardieu, Michel

    2011-01-01

    Les récits médiévaux des pèlerins juifs sont un mélange, souvent inextricable, d’observations directes et de traditions orales. Ces gens n’ont pas pour but de faire de l’histoire et de la géographie. Ils écrivent, ou dictent, leurs souvenirs de voyages pour édifier leurs coreligionnaires occidentaux. Il s’agit d’une littérature religieuse, composée par des fidèles nourris de la Bible et des commentaires rabbiniques de la Bible, Mishna et Talmud. Le monde des pèlerins juifs est un monde exclus...

  19. Interconexión monolítica de dispositivos fotovoltaicos basados en a-Si mediante ablación directa con fuentes láser ultravioleta

    OpenAIRE

    Lauzurica Santiago, Sara

    2013-01-01

    Resumen En la última década la tecnología láser se ha convertido en una herramienta imprescindible en la fabricación de dispositivos fotovoltaicos, muy especial¬mente en aquellos basados en tecnología de lámina delgada. Independiente¬mente de crisis coyunturales en el sector, la evolución en los próximos años de estas tecnologías seguirá aprovechándose de la flexibilidad y calidad de proceso de la herramienta láser para la consecución de los dos objetivos básicos que harán de la fotovoltaica ...

  20. Enjeux de la conservation-restauration de terrain en Asie centrale. Exemples de travail sur les sites d'Ulug dépé et de Gonur dépé (Turkménistan)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Ottenwelter, Estelle

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 2013, 21/22 (2013), s. 587-602. ISSN 1270-9247 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80020508 Keywords : field conservation-restoration * training in conservation sciences * Ulug depe * Gonur depe * Turkmenistan Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  1. PENAMBAHAN KACANG-KACANGAN DALAM FORMULASI MAKANAN PENDAMPING AIR SUSU IBU (MP-ASI BERBAHAN DASAR PATI AREN(Arenga Pinnata (Wurmb Merr Addition of legumes in the Formulation of Supplementary Food Based on Palm Starch (Arenga Pinnata (Wurmb Merr

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Winiarti P. Rahayu 2

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Food diversification is one of the governmental programs to reduce rice demand. Palm starch (Arenga Pinnata (Wurmb Merr has a good potency as carbohydrate source for supplementary food. Supplementary food from palm starch enriched with 4 legumes (red bean, green bean, soy bean, and paenutas sourch of protein were formulated. This weaning food was made by wet mixing all substances, then cooked at temperatur 750C for 10 minutes. The dough was then dried using drum dryer and milled. The flour was fortified by vitamin premix (vitamin A, vitamin D, and vitamin C, mineral premix (Na, Zn, Fe, Ca, and I and vanilla flavor (0,05; 0,10; 0,15; 0,20; and 0,25% to improve their nutritional and sensory qualities. Result obtained from hedonic tes indicated that soy bean is the most suitable bean 0,05 percent of vanilla flavor gave the best formula. Supplementary food from sugar palm starch contained 170 kkal energy, 4 g protein, 33g carbohydrate and 3 g fat per serving (42 g. If the formula was consumed three times per day it will fulfill 60 percent of AKG (Angka Kecukupan Gizi(Nutritional Daily Requirement of the baby and child’s protein. The protein digest of such supplementary food from sugar palm starch was 86,29 percent of casein and comply this with SNI 01-7111.4 -2005 and codex (1976 standard.

  2. Ozone et transport dans la haute troposphère tropicale de l’Océan Indien et de l’Asie du Sud : apport des données spatiales (IASI) et de la modélisation

    OpenAIRE

    Tocquer, Flore

    2015-01-01

    To better understand the processes controling for the distribution of upper tropospheric (UT) ozone (O3) in the tropics, this thesis examines different aspects of pollution transport from sources regions to UT level, through two case studies that take place in the still debated issues.. First study is based on IASI space observations identified an event of transport of UT enriched O3 air masses from Africa to India. During the pre-monsoon season, events of O3 enrichment in UT above the Indian...

  3. Dengue in the Americas and Southeast Asia: do they differ? El dengue en las Américas y el sudeste asiático: ¿son diferentes?

    OpenAIRE

    Halstead, Scott B

    2006-01-01

    The populations of Southeast Asia (SE Asia) and tropical America are similar, and all four dengue viruses of Asian origin are endemic in both regions. Yet, during comparable 5-year periods, SE Asia experienced 1.16 million cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), principally in children, whereas in the Americas there were 2.8 million dengue fever (DF) cases, principally in adults, and only 65 000 DHF cases. This review aims to explain these regional differences. In SE Asia, World War II ampli...

  4. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PEMBERIAN ASI DALAM SATU JAM PERTAMA SETELAH LAHIR DI KABUPATEN GARUT PROVINSI JAWA BARAT (ANALISIS SURVEI DATA DASAR PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PELAYANAN KESEHATAN NEONATAL ESENTIAL DI KABUPATEN GARUT JAWA BARAT, TAHUN 2007

    OpenAIRE

    Ii Solihah; Lindawati Lindawati; Bara Miradwiyana; Taufiqurrachman Taufiqurrachman; Suryati B.; Suryani Suryani; Wahyu Widagdo; Heni Nurhaeini

    2012-01-01

    Early Breastfeeding in one hour after delivery was useful either for the baby or mothers. The target of exclusive breastfeeding achievement in Indonesia is reached 80%,while the report in Garut District that described 640 responden that only a half of responden have known about initial of breast-feeding, However, initial breastfeeding depend on when the colostrum of breastfeeding released, The mother does not put the baby on her mother's chest for sucking the nipples/ The aims of this researc...

  5. METABOLISME PREBIOTIK OLEH KANDIDAT PROBIOTIK ISOLAT ASI SEBAGAI DASAR PENGEMBANGAN PRODUK SINBIOTIK [Prebiotics Metabolism by Probiotics Candidates Isolated from Breast Milk as a Basis for Development of Sinbiotics Product

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilis Nuraida1,2*

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Five Lactobacillus strains and two Pediococcus strains isolated from breast milk were evaluated for their ability to metabolite oligosaccharide known as prebiotics, i. e. inulin, FOS, GOS, FOS:GOS (1:9, and inulin:GOS (1:9. The result shows that all Lactobacillus and Pediococcus strains were able to grow in medium with prebiotics as carbon sources. The best growth was observed when GOS or FOS were used as carbon source, while inulin was the worst. The best growth in all oligosaccharides was observed in Lactobacillus R23H, followed by L. rhamnosus B16, L. rhamnosus R23, and L. rhamnosus R14. Further study on R23H (heterofermenter and R23 (homofermenter shows that there was no difference in metabolizing oligosaccharides between heterofermenter and homofermenter. GOS was the best prebiotic used by the both lactic acid bacteria as shown by rapid decrease of total sugar. The reducing sugar in medium containing GOS was higher than other oligosaccharides. The decrease of total sugar in medium containing inulin was the slowest, indicating that inulin was the most difficult prebiotic to be metabolized by the lactic acid bacteria. When inulin mixed with GOS in the ratio 1:9, the rate of decreasing of total sugar in the medium was similar to the medium with GOS as single carbon source, however it cannot be distinguished if the role of inulin took place after GOS disappeared. The rate of sugar metabolism was in accordance with the growth of lactic acid bacteria isolates in medium containing prebiotics. L. rhamnosus R23 was used in sinbiotic fermented milk product combine with FOS, inulin, and inulin:GOS (1:9. After fermentation, remaining sugar in skim milk with additional prebiotics was higher than skim milk without additional prebiotics. Remaining sugar on fermented milk product includes the amount of prebiotic that will be used as carbon source in colon. Combination of potential probiotic L. rhamnosus R23 and mixture of inulin:GOS (1:9 could be used to make sinbiotic fermented milk product.

  6. Tootest olulisemaks saab ärimudel. Kandiline arbuus tavalisest 30 korda kallim / Ain Alvela ; kommenteerinud Janek Kalvi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alvela, Ain, 1967-

    2011-01-01

    Eesti Arengufondi juhatuse esimehe Ott Pärna, ASi Kalev Chocolate Factory juhataja Kaido Kaare ja ASi Balsnack International Holding juhatuse esimehe Elmar Rusingu ettekannetest toiduainetööstuse aastakonverentsil "Uue tõusu ootuses". Graafik

  7. The brand of the month - MONTON! / Urmas Väljaots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väljaots, Urmas, 1981-

    2003-01-01

    AS-i Baltika avalike suhete juht Montoni kaubamärgiga seotud turundustegevusest. Kommenteerivad Audrius Savickas, Aigars Rungis ja Eriks Stendzenieks. Vt. samas intervjuud AS-i Baltika endise turundusjuhi Maarika Liivamäega; Monton chronology

  8. Põlvamaa veeprojektidesse paigutatakse ligi 157 miljonit / Raivo Sihver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sihver, Raivo

    2008-01-01

    AS-i Põlva Vesi juhataja Olev Elmik ja AS-i Water Ser tegevjuht Indrek Hiiemäe allkirjastasid Põlvamaa veeprojekti 22 ehituslepingust neli Räpina lepingut. 85% rahast tuleb EL-i Ühtekuuluvusfondist

  9. Kasvav kaubamaht saab oma tähelepanu / Jaana Pikalev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pikalev, Jaana

    2007-01-01

    Karastusjoogi- ja alkoholitootjate A. Le Coq AS-i, Coca Cola ja Liviko AS-i lahendustest tootmismahtude suvisest kasvust tingitud logistilistele probleemidele. Kommenteerivad Elmer Maas, Mait Miller. Vt. samas: Evert Kreek rohelise logistika hinnast

  10. Koolitamine : andmisrõõm või edevus? / Ants Vasar, Arne Kaasik, Hele Hammer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasar, Ants

    2007-01-01

    Küsimusele, miks olete hakanud ettevõtjana koolitajaks, vastavad ASi Viru Keskus juhatuse liige Ants Vasar, Columbus IT Partner Eesti ASi pertner ja nõukogu esimees Arne Kaasik ja Amserv Grupi finantsdirektor Hele Hammer

  11. Riik luges sanatooriumide aktsiaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Riik andis oma vähemusosaluse AS-ides Sanatoorium Tervis ja Värska Sanatoorium valitseda sotsiaalministeeriumilt rahandusministeeriumile. AS-i Sanatoorium Tervis ja AS-i Värska Sanatoorium aktsionäridest, aktsiakapitalist

  12. Kas peate erisoodustusmaksu õigustatuks?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad riigikogu Reformierakonna fraktsiooni esimees Jürgen Ligi, ASi Neptun juhataja Elmar Lepp, ASi Formeer tegevdirektor Arvo Hiller ja rahandusministeeriumi nõuniku kohusetäitja Daaniel Vaarik

  13. Toimunud istungid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Riigikohtu otsusest ASi E hagis ASi J vastu 564 984 kr ja 4 sendi saamiseks ja ASi J vastuhagi E ASi vastu elektrivarustuse taastamiseks ning otsusest OÜ Priva, OÜ Priva Shipping Company, OÜ Priva Ehitus, OÜ Priva KV (endise ärinimega AB Priva Kinnisvara OÜ), Priva Trading OÜ (endise ärinimega AB Priva Trade OÜ) ja OÜ Priva Audit hagis OÜ PRIVA Baltic vastu, kus nõuti viimase sellise nime all tegevuse lõpetamist

  14. Hipodroom laiendab tegevust / Gea Velthut-Sokka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Velthut-Sokka, Gea, 1977-

    2003-01-01

    Tallinna Hipodroomi haldaja AS Norfolk juhatuse esimees Vahur Nurm ettevõtte tegevusest ning AS-i Norfolk tütarettevõtte AS-i Totalisaator plaanist järgmisel aastal tegevust laiendada, avades kakskümmend ennustuspunkti üle Eesti. Diagrammid: AS-i Norfolk ja tütarfirma AS-i Totalisaator majandusnäitajad. Vt. samas: Omanik kasumit ei oota

  15. Taanduva Kruuda asemele astub ambitsioonikas Kusmin / Harry Tuul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuul, Harry

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 2. aug. lk. 7. Kalevi müügi- ja teenindusdirektor Kati Kusmin asub juhtimisest taanduva Oliver Kruuda asemele Kalevi tütarfirmade AS-i Kalev Chocolate Factory, AS-i Vilma ja AS-i Kalev Jõhvi Tootmine juhatuses. Lisa: Kati Kusmini CV. Vt. samas: Kruuda: taandun suuresti isiklikel põhjustel

  16. Transport, Interfaces, and Modeling in Amorphous Silicon Based Solar Cells: Final Technical Report, 11 February 2002 - 30 September 2006

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schiff, E. A.

    2008-10-01

    Results for a-Si characteristics/modeling; photocarrier drift mobilities in a-Si;H, ..mu..c-Si:H, CIGS; hole-conducting polymers as p-layer for a-Si and c-Si; IR spectra of p/i and n/i interfaces in a-Si.

  17. Flora omanikud tülis / Inno Tähismaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tähismaa, Inno, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Valdusfirma AS-i Flora Kommerts kahe vähemusaktsionäri Rita Kulli ja Elar Kruusma tehingutest Flora gruppi kuuluvate AS-i Flora Vara ja AS-i Flora Liit varaga. Diagramm: Vähemusaktsionärid näitasid võimu. Lisa: Flora juhid. Vt. samas: Kalleim osa kinnisvara

  18. Kogenud juhid näevad majandusele ohtusid / Raivo Raigna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raigna, Raivo

    2007-01-01

    Kundas asuva haavapuitmassitehase Estonian Cell AS-i juhatuse liikme ja finantsjuhi Riia Ratniku sõnul on Eesti majanduse suurimaks ohuks riigi sisetarbimisele üles ehitatud majanduskasv. Ka Tamsalu EP AS-i nõukogu esimehe Ants Arukuuse, Kaarma KT AS-i juhataja Jüri Vilimaa arvamusi

  19. Iga otsus viib tagajärjeni, millest õppida / Ave Paavo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paavo, Ave

    2005-01-01

    Erinevatest õpetlikest töösituatsioonidest oma kogemuse põhjal räägivad Ruutmeeter OÜ tegevjuht Jana Põim, AS-i Baltazar finantsdirektor Kersti Rekor, HansaWorld Estonia AS-i tegevjuht Kersti Renzer ja MAP Eesti AS-i juhataja Külli Meister

  20. Astragaloside IV protects cardiomyocytes from anoxia/reoxygenation injury by upregulating the expression of Hes1 protein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Huang; Lai, Songqing; Wan, Qing; Qi, Wanghong; Liu, Jichun

    2016-05-01

    Astragaloside IV (ASI), a traditional Chinese medicine, is a main active ingredient of Astragalus membranaceus. Many clinical studies have found that ASI protects cardiomyocytes in cardiovascular diseases, but the underlying mechanisms remain obscure. The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms responsible for the protective effects of ASI in cardiomyocytes from anoxia/reoxygenation (A/R) injury. According to the previous studies, we hypothesized that the cardioprotective effects of ASI against A/R injury might be associated with Notch1/Hes1 signaling pathway. In this study, neonatal rat primary cardiomyocytes were preconditioned with ASI prior to A/R injury. Our results showed that ASI effectively increased the cell viability, decreased the content of MDA, decreased the activities of CPK and LDH, increased the activities of GSH-Px and SOD, and reduced the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψm). ASI inhibited the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening and activation of caspase-3, and finally decreased the cell apoptosis in cardiomyocytes. Furthermore, ASI upregulated Hes1 protein expression. However, pretreatment with DAPT, a Notch1 inhibitor, effectively attenuated the cardioprotective effects of ASI against A/R injury, except MDA, SOD, GSH-Px, and the ROS generation. Taken together, we demonstrated that ASI could protect against A/R injury via the Notch1/Hes1 signaling pathway. PMID:27070866

  1. Rethinking Rice Preparation for Highly Efficient Removal of Inorganic Arsenic Using Percolating Cooking Water.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manus Carey

    Full Text Available A novel way of cooking rice to maximize the removal of the carcinogen inorganic arsenic (Asi is presented here. In conventional rice cooking water and grain are in continuous contact, and it is known that the larger the water:rice cooking ratio, the more Asi removed by cooking, suggesting that the Asi in the grain is mobile in water. Experiments were designed where rice is cooked in a continual stream of percolating near boiling water, either low in Asi, or Asi free. This has the advantage of not only exposing grain to large volumes of cooking water, but also physically removes any Asi leached from the grain into the water receiving vessel. The relationship between cooking water volume and Asi removal in conventional rice cooking was demonstrated for the rice types under study. At a water-to-rice cooking ratio of 12:1, 57±5% of Asi could be removed, average of 6 wholegrain and 6 polished rice samples. Two types of percolating technology were tested, one where the cooking water was recycled through condensing boiling water steam and passing the freshly distilled hot water through the grain in a laboratory setting, and one where tap water was used to cook the rice held in an off-the-shelf coffee percolator in a domestic setting. Both approaches proved highly effective in removing Asi from the cooking rice, with up to 85% of Asi removed from individual rice types. For the recycled water experiment 59±8% and 69±10% of Asi was removed, on average, compared to uncooked rice for polished (n=27 and wholegrain (n=13 rice, respectively. For coffee percolation there was no difference between wholegrain and polished rice, and the effectiveness of Asi removal was 49±7% across 6 wholegrain and 6 polished rice samples. The manuscript explores the potential applications and further optimization of this percolating cooking water, high Asi removal, discovery.

  2. ...And That's How It All Began: Putting Information about Your Child's Growth, Health and Safety All within Your Reach...Because the First Years Last Forever! = ...Y asi es como empezo todo: Ponemos a su alcance en forma conjunta la informacion sobre el crecimiento, la salud y la seguridad de su hijo...Porque los primeros anos duran para siempre!

    Science.gov (United States)

    North Carolina Partnership for Children, Raleigh.

    Smart Start is North Carolina's model early childhood initiative to help all North Carolina children enter school healthy and prepared for success. This resource guide, in Spanish and English versions, is designed to provide parents with information on infant and child development, health care, and resources for further assistance. Presented in an…

  3. Public Library Users are Challenged by Digital Information Preservation. A Review of: Copeland, A. J. (2011). Analysis of public library users’ digital preservation practices. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 62(7), 1288-1300. doi: 10.1002/asi.21553

    OpenAIRE

    Miller, Robin E.

    2013-01-01

    Objective – To discover the factors that influence digital information preservation practices and attitudes of adult public library users.Design – Mixed methodology combining matrix questionnaires, interviews, and visual mapping.Setting – Urban public library on the EastCoast of the United States.Subjects – 26 adult members of a publiclibrary’s Friends group.Methods – The researcher conducted semi-structured interviews with 26 participants. All participants drew maps to indicate the types of ...

  4. Dengue in Southeast Asia: epidemiological characteristics and strategic challenges in disease prevention Dengue no Sudeste Asiático: características epidemiológicas e desafios estratégicos na prevenção da doença

    OpenAIRE

    Eng-Eong Ooi; Gubler, Duane J.

    2009-01-01

    Dengue emerged as a public health burden in Southeast Asia during and following the Second World War and has become increasingly important, with progressively longer and more frequent cyclical epidemics of dengue fever/dengue hemorrhagic fever. Despite this trend, surveillance for this vector-borne viral disease remains largely passive in most Southeast Asian countries, without adequate laboratory support. We review here the factors that may have contributed to the changing epidemiology of de...

  5. Collaborative Learning is an Effective Method for Improving the E-health Literacy of Older Adults in the Community. A Review of: Xie, B. (2011. Older adults, e-health literacy, and collaborative learning: An experimental study. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 62(5, 933-946. doi: 10.1002/asi.21507

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theresa S. Arndt

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To determine whether collaborative learning strategies in an informal class setting can improve electronic health literacy skills of older adults.Design – Pre- and post-test instruments used to measure effects of an educational intervention.Setting – Small group classes offered at two branches of a large, publicly funded, urban public library in Maryland.Subjects – A total of 111 adults aged 52 to 91, mean age 70.4 (SD 8.0, completed the study. The majority of participants were from minority populations (66% African American, 3% Latino, 3% Asian. Thirty three percent of participants reported an annual household income below $20,000. Eight percent were non-native English speakers. The majority of participants had low-level or no computer/Internet experience prior to the study.Methods – Collaborative learning strategies were used in small group hands-on computer classes to deliver a standardized curriculum (Helping Older Adults Search for Health Information Online: A Toolkit for Trainers from the National Institute on Aging. Strategies employed were: explicit statement of group/participatory nature of class, periodic peer shared reflection times during class, active encouragement of discussion between peers, hands-on work with partners, group discussion of real-life questions from participants, and structured shared reflection time at the close of each session. Participants were recruited through local advertisements. No incentive other than the free classes was offered. Groups met for two hours, twice a week for four weeks. Assessment was via pre and post-tests. General computing knowledge/skills were measured using objective tests of abilities. Questions from several established scales were adapted for additional assessment. E-health literacy was measured using questions of perceived skill and comfort in finding health information online; perceived usefulness of the Internet for help making health decisions; and perceived importance of the Internet for obtaining health information. Subjects were also asked to report on changes to their health behaviour/decision- making post intervention, and learning effort expended during the study. Additional questions measured psychological adjustment to later life, attitudes toward computers, attitude toward the aging experience, and attitude toward the collaborative learning method and the class.Main Results – A dependent t-test analysis indicated strong significant gains post-test in computing/Internet knowledge and skills, and in e-health literacy efficacy (perceived skills/comfort with using the Internet for health information and decision-making. Pre-test results showed participants to be low on these measures, leaving much room for improvement. Perception of the usefulness and importance of the Internet for health decision-making also showed strong gains.Significant positive changes were also found in these areas of attitude: reduction of computer anxiety, attitude toward physical changes associated with aging, and improvement in attitude toward the collaborative learning method.A majority of participants indicated altering health-related behaviours as a result of the class, including changing the way they think about diet or exercise, changing the way they cope with a condition, and changing their approach to maintaining health.The results showed no significant change in self-esteem, self-efficacy, and psychological attitudes toward aging. Computer interest and efficacy also showed no significant change, perhaps because participants already measured high in these prior to the intervention.The amount of time participants spent preparing for class correlated significantly to e-health literacy efficacy and perceived importance of Internet health information, but not to other outcome measures.Group composition (gender, peer familiarity, prior computer experience did not affect outcomes; however composition was uneven, as groups were small and variable in size, and 71% of participants were female.Conclusion – The study supports the use of a collaborative learning approach to effectively deliver e-health literacy instruction to older adults in a community setting.

  6. Evaluación de insecticidas para el control del psílido asiático de los cítricos (Diaphorina citri) Kuwayama (Hemíptera: Liviidae) en sus diferentes estados biológicos, en limón persa.

    OpenAIRE

    Ruíz Galván, Isabel

    2014-01-01

    Se evaluaron seis formulaciones comerciales de insecticidas para el control de los diferentes estados biológicos de Diaphorina citri (Kuwayama) en limón persa en condiciones de invernadero y en laboratorio. Los insecticidas estudiados fueron Imidacloprid + Betacyflutrin, Spirotetramat, Imidacloprid, Thiametoxam + Lambda cyalotrina, Imidacloprid + Lambda cyalotrina, Aceite parafínico de petróleo y un testigo sin aplicación. Se utilizaron especímenes de una cria de D. citri establecida en enero...

  7. Ocorrência do molusco asiático Corbicula fluminea (Müller, 1774 (Bivalvia, Corbiculidae no baixo rio Negro, Amazônia central Occurrence of the Asian mollusc Corbicula fluminea (Müller, 1774 (Bivalvia, Corbiculidae in the lower Rio Negro, Central Amazon Region, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Mansur Pimpão

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O rio Negro é um dos maiores afluentes do rio Amazonas, mas poucos moluscos foram registrados até o momento para aquele rio, representados apenas por gastrópodes. Foi registrada a presença do molusco bivalve exótico Corbicula fluminea na margem esquerda do baixo rio Negro, no lago do Tupé e no Catalão - margem direita do rio Negro, todas localidades no município de Manaus, Brasil. O registro foi realizado por meio da coleta de conchas e espécimes vivos. É o primeiro registro de C. fluminea para o estado do Amazonas e Amazônia central.The Rio Negro is one of the biggest Rio Amazonas tributaries. Few molluscs have been registered to that river yet, represented only by gastropods. It is reported the occurrence of the exotic bivalve mollusc Corbicula fluminea in left bank margin of Rio Negro, Lago do Tupé and Catalão - right bank margin of Rio Negro, all localities in the municipality of Manaus, Brazil. The species is recorded by a collection of shells and specimens alive. This is the first occurrence of C. fluminea in the Amazon State and Central Amazon.

  8. „Kdybych o tom mluvila, asi bych to nenazvala sexuálním obtěžováním.“ Sexuální obtěžování ve vysokoškolském prostředí z perspektivy studujících

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vohlídalová, Marta

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 19, č. 2 (2011), s. 23-35. ISSN 1210-6658 R&D Projects: GA MŠk OK08007 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : sexual harassment * gender * anti- harassment policy Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography

  9. Public Library Users are Challenged by Digital Information Preservation. A Review of: Copeland, A. J. (2011. Analysis of public library users’ digital preservation practices. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 62(7, 1288-1300. doi: 10.1002/asi.21553

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin E. Miller

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To discover the factors that influence digital information preservation practices and attitudes of adult public library users.Design – Mixed methodology combining matrix questionnaires, interviews, and visual mapping.Setting – Urban public library on the EastCoast of the United States.Subjects – 26 adult members of a publiclibrary’s Friends group.Methods – The researcher conducted semi-structured interviews with 26 participants. All participants drew maps to indicate the types of information they value and why, and their preferences for information storage and maintenance. Qualitative data were supplemented by a matrix questionnaire on which 22 participants identified the types of digital information they maintain, and modes of storage.Main Results – Some public library users may store and organize information inconsistently, utilizing a variety of digital devices. Technical, social, and emotional context influences choices about organization, sharing of information, and short- and long-term preservation. Users reported placing a higher value on born digital information, and information that they had shared with others. Conclusion – Public librarians may have a role in facilitating growth of patron knowledge about creation, storage, preservation, and sharing of personal digital information.

  10. Vliv pěstování palmy olejné Elaeis guineensis na faunu Jihovýchodní Asie s bližším zaměřením na ohrožené druhy savců

    OpenAIRE

    Moravcová, Helena

    2014-01-01

    In Southeast Asia 12% of rain forest is lost per year. Among other things the deforestation and fragmentation for the purpose of growing monocultural crops leads to extinction of species, reduction of biodiversity and a loss of habitat of many species. Fragmentation, which is necessary for gaining agricultural areas for growing monocultures, disables migration of various species of animals. This limits the access to natural sources of food and water and leads to more frequent conflicts with p...

  11. The partially denuclearized area of North-East Asia. Status of ten years of informal 'new diplomacy'; La zone partiellement denuclearisee de l'Asie du Nord-Est. Bilan de dix annees de 'nouvelle diplomatie' informelle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sionneau, B. [Bordeaux-4 Univ.- Montesquieu, Centre d' Analyse Politique Comparee, de Geostrategie et de Relations Internationales, 33 (France); Ecole de Management, 33 - Bordeaux (France); Dusclaud, M. [Bordeaux-4 Univ.- Montesquieu, Centre d' Analyse Politique Comparee, de Geostrategie et de Relations Internationales, 33 (France); Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), 33 (France)

    2003-07-01

    In 1991, the G. Bush administration decided to remove away all US surface tactic nuclear weapons everywhere in the world in order to reduce the nuclear warfare risk. This decision has led to the ratification by both Northern Korea and Southern Korea of the declaration on the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula, followed the same year by Mongolia which has become nuclear weapons free. As a consequence of these initiatives, the Center for international strategy, technology and policy (CISTP) of the Georgia institute of technology (Atlanta, USA) has decided the creation of a 'limited nuclear weapons free zone North-East Asia'(LNWFZ), based on cooperation, arms control and non-proliferation. This article describes the genesis of this inter-governmental process of informal diplomacy: proposal of creation of a league for non-nuclear states for North-East Asia, of implementation of an inspection regime and of a cooperative security community, of establishment of confidence building measures and of economic incentives. Then it describes the main components of the LNWFZ project and the obstacles that must be cleared away before its official implementation. (J.S.)

  12. The Library of Congress, Dewey Decimal, and Universal Decimal Classification Systems are Incomplete and Unsystematic. A Review of: Zins, C., & Santos, P. L. V. A. C. (2011. Mapping the knowledge covered by library classification systems. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 62(5, 877-901. doi:10.1002/asi.21481

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cari Merkley

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To determine the extent to which knowledge is currently addressed by the Library of Congress (LCC, Dewey Decimal (DDC, and Universal Decimal (UDC classification systems.Design – Comparative analysis of the LCC, DDC, and UDC systems using Zin’s 10 Pillars of Knowledge.Setting – The Faculty of Philosophy and Science at a Brazilian university.Subjects – Forty one subject-related classes and 386 subclasses from the first two levels of the LCC, DDC, and UDC systems.Methods – To evaluate the LCC, DDC, and UDC systems, the researchers employed the 10 Pillars of Knowledge, a “hierarchical knowledge tree” developed by the lead author of this study (p. 878. According to the authors, the 10 Pillars of Knowledge seek to illustrate relationships between fields of knowledge while capturing their breadth. The first level of the Pillars consists of the following categories: Knowledge, Supernatural, Matter and Energy, Space and Earth, Nonhuman Organizations, Body and Mind, Society, Thought and Art, Technology, and History. Each of the 10 Pillars is further subdivided, resulting in a four level hierarchical structure of 76 categories. Of the 76 categories, 55 are unique subject areas. A selection of subject-based classes and subclasses from the first two levels of the LCC, DDC, and UDC systems were then mapped to the relevant subclasses within the Pillars. Analysis was limited to the first two levels of LCC, DDC, and UDC, except for the LCC categories of BF and BL where further subclasses were analyzed. Classes or subclasses in LCC, DDC, or UDC that were not subject based (for example, those based on publication type were excluded from the study. In total, 41 main classes and 386 subclasses from LLC, DDC, and UDC were categorized using the 10 Pillars.Main Results – The LLC, DDC, and UDC systems were deemed to be complete and systematic in their coverage of only three of the 10 Pillars: Matter and Energy, Thought and Art, and History. This means that there was at least one class or subclass in each of the three systems that corresponded to the subclasses in these pillars. The remaining seven pillars were only partially covered by the three systems to varying degrees. For example, the coverage of religion in LCC and DDC show evidence of a bias towards Christianity and incomplete coverage of other faiths. In addition to the lack of completeness in terms of subject coverage, the researchers found inconsistencies and problems with how relationships between subjects were illustrated by the systems. For example, botany should be a subclass of biology, but the subjects occupy the same level in the LCC, DDC, and UDC systems. Researchers also noted cases where subclasses on the same level were not mutually exclusive e.g., the BR (Christianity and BS (The Bible subclasses in LCC. Overall, LLC performed slightly better than DDC or UDC, covering 47 of the 55 unique subject categories in the 10 Pillars. It was followed by UDC with 44 out of 55, and DDC with 43 out of 55. Some of the 55 unique subject categories in the 10 Pillars system were not represented by any of the systems: 3 subclasses under Society (Society at Large – Area Based, Social Groups – Age, and Social Groups – Ethnicity, 2 under Technology (Technologies – Materials and Technologies – Processes, and 1 under Foundations (Methodology.Conclusion – The researchers conclude that none of the three major classification systems analyzed provides complete and systematic coverage of the world of knowledge, and call for the library community to move to new systems, such as the 10 Pillars of Knowledge.

  13. 中西医结合治疗复发性外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病的临床观察%Clinical Observation on the Treatment of Recurrent Vulvovaginal Candidi-asis with Combination of TCM and Western Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金凤; 刘云波

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To observe the clinical curative effect of combined traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and western medicine on recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC). Methods: Seventy-one patients with RVVC were randomly divided into observation group (n=36) and control group (n=35), patients in the control group were treated with fluconazole combined nifuratel nysfungin vaginal soft capsules; based on the control group treatmemt, patients of the observation group received syndrome differentiated decoctions of Chinese medicine for fumigation/wash and oral administration. Results: The observation group showed higher cure rate and lower relapse rate than the control group, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: The combined treatment of TCM and western medicine has better curative effects for RVVC.%目的:中西医结合治疗复发性外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病(RVVC)的临床疗效。方法:71例RVVC患者随机分为观察组(n=36)和对照组(n=35);对照组给予氟康唑联合硝呋太尔制霉素阴道软胶囊;观察组在对照组用药基础上,加中药煎汤熏洗和内服。结果:观察组治愈率高,复发率低,明显优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:中西医结合治疗RVVC疗效好。

  14. Stratégies actives et stratégies passives d'exportation en amérique latine et en asie orientale. La croissance liée à la composition particulière des produits et à la spécificité des institutions

    OpenAIRE

    José Gabriel PALMA

    2006-01-01

    This paper investigates the growth implications of the old controversy of whether there is a difference for developing countries between exporting potato-chips and micro-chips. It concludes that the experience of Latin America and East Asia since 1980 (i.e., during the period of “globalisation”) clearly shows that growth is indeed a product- and institution-specific phenomenon.

  15. “建筑=身体:无形力量的战场”——现象学透镜下的克努特·汉姆生中心%BUILDING ASiA BODY: BATTLEGROUND OF INVISIBI-E FORCES:INTERPRETATION OFKNUT HAMSUN CENTER IN PHENOMENOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯琳; 宋昆

    2011-01-01

    This article introduces the architecture concept of Knut Hamsun Center, Building as a Body: Battleground of Invisible Forces. Architecture and body are analysed with the help of phenamenology. The interactive relationship between them is revealed by showing the process that the paths in space drive body movement and perception, which leads to the realization of the meaning of architecture.%本文对克努特·汉姆生中心的设计概念“建筑=身体:无形力量的战场”进行解读,在现象学维度下探讨建筑与身体的问题,通过阐释身体在空间路径的引导下运动、感知,从而使建筑的意义得以显现的过程,揭示建筑与身体间相互敞开的对话关系。

  16. « The Muslim Qarakhanids and Their Invented Ethnic Identity », in : É. de La Vaissière, éd., Islamisation de l’Asie centrale. Processus locaux d’acculturation du VIIe au XIe siècle. Paris, 2008, p. 339-350. (Studia Iranica,

    OpenAIRE

    Grenet, Frantz

    2013-01-01

    Les origines authentiques des Qarakhanides sont obscures pour les savants modernes et elles l’étaient peut-être pour eux-mêmes. Leur rattachement à Afrāsyāb fut énoncé comme doctrine au XIe s. par deux savants de Kāshgar, Maḥmūd al-Kāshgarī et al-Alma‘ī, suivant un modèle qui avait été auparavant proposé en Iran aux Saljukides.

  17. Saku ja A. Le Coq võitsid väiketootjailt turgu / Priit Rajalo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rajalo, Priit, 1975-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 14. nov., lk 4. Kui selle aasta esimese üheksa kuuga AS-i Saku Õlletehas ja AS-i A. Le Coqi Tartu Õlletehas turuosa kasvas, siis väikeste õlletootjate - AS-i Viru Õlu, AS-i Pärnu Õlu, AS-i Nigula Õlu ja AS-i Sillamäe Õlletehas - turuosad kahanesid või jäid samale tasemele. Suuremate õlletehaste esindajate sõnul peaksid väikesed õlletehased keskenduma pigem spetsiifiliste nishiõllede tootmisele. Tabel: Saku püsib liidrikohal

  18. Sissejuhatus rahandussse / Irina Esko, Jelena Demjanova, Maksim Panfilov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Esko, Irina, 1959-

    2000-01-01

    Järg nr. 2, lk. 29-34; nr.3 lk. 33-36. Ilmunud ka: nr.5 lk. 31-34 art. Uus on unustatud vana. Bilansi struktuur, aktsiaseltside kolm arenguvarianti ja kolme tüüpi suhted: ASi aktsionärid, ASi palgatöötajad ja ASi juhid. Aktsiaseltside loomise ajaloost. Firmasisesed suhted, investeeringute hindamise printsiip - Discounted Cash Flow, investeeringute vajaduse tekkepõhjused, firma turuväärtus

  19. Konkurents euroliidu automüügis pingeline / Tõnu Tramm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tramm, Tõnu, 1968-

    2003-01-01

    Eesti esimese autokaubamaja Premium Motors AS-i tegevuse alustamine võib mõjutada ametlike autoesinduste tegevust, hinnapoliitikat, turupositsioone ja kliendisuhteid. Artiklis võrdlevad Eesti ja Euroopa Liidu olukorda Premium Motors AS-i nõukogu liige Tiit Arge, HMR Baltic OÜ nõukogu esimees Jürgen Vester ja Info Auto AS-i peadirektor Kaupo Katkosilt. Vt. samas: Romud kaovad Eesti teedelt

  20. Internet seinakontaktist on tulevikumuusika / Kai Simson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Simson, Kai

    2004-01-01

    Näitusel Enerex 2004 tutvustas Schneider Electric Eesti AS esmakordselt Power Line Communicationi (PLC) ühendust, millega saab Internetti edastada ja jagada elektrivõrgu kaudu. Kommenteerivad Fortum Elekter AS-i Läänemaa regiooni võrgujuht Kaupo Kuurberg, Elion Ettevõtted AS-i meediasuhete juht Ain Parmas ja Eesti Energia Televõrgu AS-i juhataja Urmas Aiaste

  1. Addiction Severity Index in a chronic pain sample receiving opioid therapy

    OpenAIRE

    Saffier, Kenneth; Colombo, Cynthia; Brown, David; Mundt, Marlon P.; Fleming, Michael F.

    2007-01-01

    The treatment of chronic pain with opioids remains controversial. Physicians are concerned about addiction and drug diversion, and there is limited empirical information on using opioids with chronic pain patients. This report presents data collected on the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) in a sample of patients (n=908) receiving opioids from their primary care physicians. The ASI provides clinically important information about patients receiving opioid therapy. The ASI consists of seven subsc...

  2. Genetic and Biochemical Characterization of Monokaryotic Progeny Strains of Button Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus)

    OpenAIRE

    Kwon, Hyuk Woo; Choi, Min Ah; Yun, Yeo Hong; Oh, Youn-Lee; Kong, Won-Sik; Kim, Seong Hwan

    2015-01-01

    To promote the selection of promising monokaryotic strains of button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) during breeding, 61 progeny strains derived from basidiospores of two different lines of dikaryotic parental strains, ASI1038 and ASI1346, were analyzed by nucleotide sequencing of the intergenic spacer I (IGS I) region in their rDNA and by extracellular enzyme assays. Nineteen different sizes of IGS I, which ranged from 1,301 to 1,348 bp, were present among twenty ASI1346-derived progeny strains...

  3. Kommunikatsiooni korraldamine börsiettevõtetes / Triinu Tarkin, Signe Kukin, Marit Vooremäe ... [jt.] ; intervjueerinud Küllike Heide ; kommenteerinud Ott Raidla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Milliste eripäradega peavad börsiettevõtted oma kommunikatsioonitegevuse planeerimisel arvestama. Finantskommunikatsiooni vestlusringis osalesid Baltika finantsjuht Triinu Tarkin, Merko Ehituse kontserni finantsjuht Signe Kukin, Tallinna Kaubamaja AS-i finantsdirektor Marit Vooremäe, AS-i Tallinna Vesi kommunikatsioonijuht Mariliis Mia Topp, Tallinki kommunikatsioonijuht Luulea Lääne ja AS-i Nordecon investorsuhete juht Andri Hõbemägi

  4. Three-Terminal Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng-Hung Tai; Chu-Hsuan Lin; Chih-Ming Wang; Chun-Chieh Lin

    2011-01-01

    Many defects exist within amorphous silicon since it is not crystalline. This provides recombination centers, thus reducing the efficiency of a typical a-Si solar cell. A new structure is presented in this paper: a three-terminal a-Si solar cell. The new back-to-back p-i-n/n-i-p structure increased the average electric field in a solar cell. A typical a-Si p-i-n solar cell was also simulated for comparison using the same thickness and material parameters. The 0.28 μm-thick three-terminal a-Si...

  5. Kapital kapitalnogo stroitelstva / Jevgeni Ashihmin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ashihmin, Jevgeni

    2007-01-01

    Eesti suurima betoontoodete ja teraskonstruktsioonide tootja AS-i Narva Bark tegevus on suunatud tarbijate kasvava nõudluse rahuldamisele, pakkudes stabiilse kvaliteediga tooteid juba peaaegu 50 aastat

  6. Concentrations of Inorganic Arsenic in Milled Rice from China and Associated Dietary Exposure Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yatao; Wang, Min; Mao, Xuefei; Qian, Yongzhong; Chen, Tianjin; Zhang, Ying

    2015-12-23

    Total arsenic (As) and inorganic As (Asi) in milled rice (n = 1653) collected from China were studied to evaluate the contamination level, distribution, and health risks. The mean concentrations of the total As and Asi were 116.5 and 90.9 μg/kg, respectively. There were significant differences (P rice-producing and -consuming countries, such as Japan, Thailand, Bangladesh, and the United States, were all also below 100. More attention should be paid to carcinogenic risks from rice Asi intake, and some control measures to reduce rice Asi intake should be taken. PMID:26641731

  7. Differential Synthesis in Vitro of Barley Aleurone and Starchy Endosperm Proteins

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mundy, John; Hejgaard, Jørn; Hansen, Annette;

    1986-01-01

    . Thus, expression of genes encoding ASI, PSI, protein C, and PAPI is tissue and stage-specific during seed development. Only ASI, CI-1, and PAPI were synthesized in significant amounts with mRNA from cultured aleurone layers. The levels of synthesis of PAPI and CI-1 were independent of hormone treatment....... In contrast, synthesis of alpha-amylase (included as control) and of ASI showed antagonistic hormonal control: while GA promotes and ABA reduces accumulation of mRNA for alpha-amylase, these hormones have the opposite effect on ASI mRNA levels....

  8. Uudiseid Tehnilise Järelevalve Inspektsioonist / Urmas Leitmäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leitmäe, Urmas

    2007-01-01

    Inspekteerimisasutuste arengusuundadest, siseministeeriumis kavandatavast siseturvalisuse arengukavast aastateks 2009-2013, ASi Metrosert ja OÜ Tehnokontrollikeskus tegevusest, ühiskonna turvalisuse komplekssest käsitlemisest

  9. DanRIS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skou, Carl Verner

    2009-01-01

    Windows 2000/XP/Vista platform computerprogram til DanRIS indberetning baseret på indskrivning af klienter på CPR, klientsforløb, faseforløb, ASI EuropASI composite score beregninger. Udgave: 2.1.0.5 Udgivelsesdato: 01-01-2009......Windows 2000/XP/Vista platform computerprogram til DanRIS indberetning baseret på indskrivning af klienter på CPR, klientsforløb, faseforløb, ASI EuropASI composite score beregninger. Udgave: 2.1.0.5 Udgivelsesdato: 01-01-2009...

  10. Estonia halts expansion of "expensive" windmills / Kairi Kurm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurm, Kairi

    2005-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministeeriumi osakonnajuhataja Einari Kisel ja AS-i Tuulepargid tegevdirektor Hannu Lamp tuuleenergia tootmisest Eestis. Tabelid: Iga-aastane tuuleenergia tootmine Euroopa Liidus; Planeeritud tuuleenergia tootmine

  11. Fabrication of Poly-Si Thin Film on Glass Substrate by Aluminum-induced Crystallization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Man; XIA Donglin; YANG Sheng; ZHAO Xiujian

    2006-01-01

    Amorphous silicon (a-Si) thin films were deposited on glass substrate by PECVD,and polycrystalline silicon (poly-Si) thin films were prepared by aluminum-induced crystallization (AIC). The effects of annealing temperature on the microstructure and morphology were investigated. The AIC poly-Si thin films were characterized by XRD, Raman and SEM. It is found that a-Si thin film has a amorphous structure after annealing at 400 ℃ for 20 min, a-Si films begin to crystallize after annealing at 450 ℃ for 20 min, and the crystallinity of a-Si thin films is enhanced obviously with the increment of annealing temperature.

  12. ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES AND PHOTOLUMINESCENCE OF AMORPHOUS SILICON

    OpenAIRE

    Liao, X.; Kong, G.; X. Yang; Wang, P.; Chao, Y.; Chen, Z.; Liu, C

    1981-01-01

    The temperature dependence of conductivity, photoluminescence and ion-implantation doping effect of glow discharge (GD) and low pressure CVD a-Si films have been investigated. Post-hydrogenation significantly reduces the gap state density of LPCVD a-Si. Phosphorus and boron ion-implantation show that LPCVD a-Si has a higher doping efficiency than GD samples, reaching a maximum R.T. conductivity of 0.3 Ω-1 cm-1. Two peaks were observed in the luminescence spectrum of GD a-Si films and the orig...

  13. Eestis alustatakse biodiisli tootmist / Toomas Reinpõld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinpõld, Toomas, 1960-

    2005-01-01

    AS-i Biodiesel omanikud otsustasid biodiislikütust tootva tehase ehitada Harjumaale Paldiskisse. Omanikud loodavad peaministrilt positiivset vastust aktsiisimaksu vabastuse kohta biodiisli turustamisel

  14. Panga huvide kaitse ja probleemide analüüs krediiditehingutes imporditava kauba tagatisel : [bakalaureusetöö] / Enn Leet ; Tartu Ülikooli Õigusinstituut ; juhendaja: Kaupo Paal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leet, Enn

    2004-01-01

    Kaup ja asi, tollilao mõiste ja õiguslik rezhiim, käsipant finantseerimistehingute tagatisena, registerpant, tagatisomandamine, panga positsioon krediidisaaja pankrotimenetluses, panditud asja realiseerimine

  15. Space Shuttle Main Engine fuel preburner augmented spark igniter shutdown detonations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dexter, C. E.; Mccay, T. D.

    1986-01-01

    Detonations were experienced in the Space Shuttle Main Engine fuel preburner (FPB) augmented spark igniter (ASI) during engine cutoff. Several of these resulted in over pressures sufficient to damage the FPB ASI oxidizer system. The detonations initiated in the FPB ASI oxidizer line when residual oxidizer (oxygen) in the line mixed with backflowing fuel (hydrogen) and detonated. This paper reviews the damage history to the FPB ASI oxidizer system, an engineering assessment of the problem cause, a verification of the mechanisms, the hazards associated with the detonations, and the solution implemented.

  16. Miks sponsoreerivad ettevõtted suurüritusi? / Frank Svenhard, Liivi Tadolder ; interv. Annika Rõõmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Svenhard, Frank

    2006-01-01

    ALD Automotive Baltikumi tegevdirektor ja AS-i Liviko turundusjuht valikutest sponsoreerimisel, koostööst sponsoreeritavate organisatsioonidega, rahvusvahelise juhtimiskonverentsi EC2006 toetamisest

  17. Tiskresse rajatakse Aaviku elamurajoon / Tiit Nurklik ; interv. Harri Treial

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurklik, Tiit

    2001-01-01

    Elamurajooni ehitama hakkava KMG Ehitus AS-i direktor M. Nurklik elamurajooni planeeringust, elamute arhitektuurist, hoonevariantidest, ruumijaotusest, konstruktsioonidest, väliskattest jm. Arhitekt Emil Urbel

  18. Euroraha vahendaja aitab miljoneid saada / Väinu Rozental

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rozental, Väinu, 1957-

    2005-01-01

    AS Innopolis Konsultatsioonid juhib Eesti mastaabis suhteliselt suuri Euroopa Liidu struktuurifondide rahastatavaid projekte. Diagramm: Europrojektid annavad üle poole ASi Innopolis Konsultatsioonid käibest

  19. Band gap tuning of armchair silicene nanoribbons using periodic hexagonal holes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mehdi Aghaei, Sadegh; Calizo, Irene, E-mail: icalizo@fiu.edu [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida 33174 (United States)

    2015-09-14

    The popularity of graphene owing to its unique and exotic properties has triggered a great deal of interest in other two-dimensional nanomaterials. Among them silicene shows considerable promise for electronic devices with a carrier mobility comparable to graphene, flexible buckled structure, and expected compatibility with silicon electronics. Using first-principle calculations based on density functional theory, the electronic properties of armchair silicene nanoribbons perforated with periodic nanoholes (ASiNRPNHs) are investigated. Two different configurations of mono-hydrogenated (:H) and di-hydrogenated (:2H) silicene edges are considered. Pristine armchair silicene nanoribbons (ASiNRs) can be categorized into three branches with width W = 3P − 1, 3P, and 3P + 1, P is an integer. The order of their energy gaps change from “E{sub G} (3P − 1) < E{sub G} (3P) < E{sub G} (3P + 1)” for W-ASiNRs:H to “E{sub G} (3P + 1) < E{sub G} (3P − 1) < E{sub G} (3P)” for W-ASiNRs:2H. We found the band gaps of W-ASiNRs:H and (W + 2)-ASiNRs:2H are slightly different, giving larger band gaps for wider ASiNRs:2H. ASiNRPNHs' band gaps changed based on the nanoribbon's width, nanohole's repeat periodicity and position relative to the nanoribbon's edge compared to pristine ASiNRs because of changes in quantum confinement strength. ASiNRPNHs:2H are more stable than ASiNRPNHs:H and their band gaps are noticeably greater than ASiNRPNHs:H. We found that the value of energy band gap for 12-ASiNRPNHs:2H with repeat periodicity of 2 is 0.923 eV. This value is about 2.2 times greater than pristine ASiNR:2H and double that of the 12-ASiNRPNHs:H with repeat periodicity of 2.

  20. Band gap tuning of armchair silicene nanoribbons using periodic hexagonal holes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The popularity of graphene owing to its unique and exotic properties has triggered a great deal of interest in other two-dimensional nanomaterials. Among them silicene shows considerable promise for electronic devices with a carrier mobility comparable to graphene, flexible buckled structure, and expected compatibility with silicon electronics. Using first-principle calculations based on density functional theory, the electronic properties of armchair silicene nanoribbons perforated with periodic nanoholes (ASiNRPNHs) are investigated. Two different configurations of mono-hydrogenated (:H) and di-hydrogenated (:2H) silicene edges are considered. Pristine armchair silicene nanoribbons (ASiNRs) can be categorized into three branches with width W = 3P − 1, 3P, and 3P + 1, P is an integer. The order of their energy gaps change from “EG (3P − 1) < EG (3P) < EG (3P + 1)” for W-ASiNRs:H to “EG (3P + 1) < EG (3P − 1) < EG (3P)” for W-ASiNRs:2H. We found the band gaps of W-ASiNRs:H and (W + 2)-ASiNRs:2H are slightly different, giving larger band gaps for wider ASiNRs:2H. ASiNRPNHs' band gaps changed based on the nanoribbon's width, nanohole's repeat periodicity and position relative to the nanoribbon's edge compared to pristine ASiNRs because of changes in quantum confinement strength. ASiNRPNHs:2H are more stable than ASiNRPNHs:H and their band gaps are noticeably greater than ASiNRPNHs:H. We found that the value of energy band gap for 12-ASiNRPNHs:2H with repeat periodicity of 2 is 0.923 eV. This value is about 2.2 times greater than pristine ASiNR:2H and double that of the 12-ASiNRPNHs:H with repeat periodicity of 2

  1. Alternative splicing of RyR1 alters the efficacy of skeletal EC coupling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimura, Takashi; Lueck, John D.; Harvey, Peta J.; Pace, Suzy M.; Ikemoto, Noriaki; Casarotto, Marco G.; Dirksen, Robert T.; Dulhunty, Angela F.

    2009-01-01

    Summary Alternative splicing of ASI residues (Ala3481-Gln3485) in the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor (RyR1) is developmentally regulated: the residues are present in adult ASI(+)RyR1, but absent in the juvenile ASI(-)RyR1 which is over-expressed in adult myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). Although this splicing switch may influence RyR1 function in developing muscle and DM1, little is known about the properties of the splice variants. We examined excitation-contraction (EC) coupling and the structure and interactions of the ASI domain (Thr3471-Gly3500) in the splice variants. Depolarisation-dependent Ca2+ release was enhanced by >50% in myotubes expressing ASI(-)RyR1 compared with ASI(+)RyR1, although DHPR L-type currents and SR Ca2+ content were unaltered, while ASI(-)RyR1 channel function was actually depressed. The effect on EC coupling did not depend on changes in ASI domain secondary structure. Probing RyR1 function with peptides possessing the ASI domain sequence indicated that the domain contributes to an inhibitory module in RyR1. The action of the peptide depended on a sequence of basic residues and their alignment in an α-helix adjacent to the ASI splice site. This is the first evidence that the ASI residues contribute to an inhibitory module in RyR1 that influences EC coupling. Implications for development and DM1 are discussed. PMID:19131108

  2. Single-grain Silicon Technology for Large Area X-ray Imaging

    OpenAIRE

    Arslan, A

    2015-01-01

    Digital flat panel X-ray imagers are currently using a-Si and poly-Si thin-film-transistors (TFTs). a-Si TFT permits the use of large area substrates, however, due to the amorphous nature, the carrier mobility is very low (

  3. Gorjutshije slantsõ v mirovom izmerenii / Ilmar Petersen ; interv. Jevgeni Ashihmin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Petersen, Ilmar

    2006-01-01

    AS-i Narva Elektrijaamad juhatuse esimees vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad AS-i Eesti Energia ja Jordaania ettevõtte Near East Group vahel sõlmitud kokkuleppe mõju Narva elektrijaamadele, elektrijaamade valmisolekut töötamiseks sügis-talvisel perioodil ning ettevõtte lähimate aastate suuremaid investeerimisprojekte

  4. The Addiction Severity Index: Reliability and validity in a Dutch alcoholic population

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dejong, C.A.J.; Willems, J.C.E.W.; Schippers, G.M.; Hendriks, V.M.

    1995-01-01

    The Addiction Severity Index (ASI) was evaluated for its psychometric qualities in a Dutch alcoholic population admitted to an addiction treatment center in the Netherlands. Its factorial structure in this population was found to be consistent with the established six factor structure of the ASI. Re

  5. Kindlustus on sõnast "kindlus" / Lauri Järg, Filipp Kuhharenok

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Järg, Lauri

    2007-01-01

    AS-i Inges Kindlustus tegevdirektor Lauri Järg ja reisikindlustuse tootejuht Filipp Kuhharenok selgitavad, mida silmas pidada reisikindlustuse valikul ning iseloomustavad Ingese poolt pakutavat reisikindlustust. Koostööpartneri arvamus: kommenteerib AS-i MootorReis turismiosakonna juhataja Margarita Prahnikova

  6. Märtsis selgub Eesti parim tööandja / Raigo Neudorf, Agne Narusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Neudorf, Raigo

    2004-01-01

    Konsultatsioonifirma Fontes korraldas koostöös rahvusvahelise ettevõttega Hewitt Associates uuringu, mille põhjal selgub Eesti parim tööandja. Küsimusele uuringus osalemise põhjuse kohta vastavad AS-i EMT personalijuht Milvi Tepp ja AS-i Tallinna Küte personaliosakonna juhataja Ene Olle

  7. Tootjad prognoosivad sel aastal suvetoodetele 30% müügikasvu / Eda-Liis Kann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kann, Eda-Liis, 1979-

    2004-01-01

    Rakvere Lihatööstuse, AS-i Wõro Kommerts, Valga Lihatööstuse ning AS-i Tallegg müügiprognoosid. Kommenteerib Kristel Kindsigo. Lisa: Suurimat kasvu ootab Filee LT. Vt. samas: Kanaliha tarbimine on kahekordistunud

  8. Skype´i eestlastest kaasloojad ootavad uut läbimurret / Margus Uudam ; intervjueerinud Raigo Neudorf

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uudam, Margus

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuu Skype´i eestlastest kaasloojate investeerimisfirma Ambient Sound Investments (ASI) otseinvesteeringute juhiga. Firma portfell koosneb ligi 30 ettevõttest, riskikapitali investeeringuid on u. 20 mln. euro ulatuses. 2010. a. jõudis firmasse u. 300 projekti ja äriideed. Valik ASI investeeringuid

  9. Arco Vara müüs nõude Tederi firma vastu / Väinu Rozental ; kommenteerinud Hillar Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rozental, Väinu, 1957-

    2010-01-01

    AS-i Arco Vara tütarettevõte Arco Investeeringute AS müüs temale kuuluva nõude Hillar Tederi firma Celia Crowd AS-i (endine Ühendatud Kapital) vastu AS-ile EMF Invest. Tehingu väärtus on 52 miljonit krooni

  10. Töötaja ülekoormusele viitavad ületunnid ja hooletusvead / Ketlin Priilinn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priilinn, Ketlin, 1982-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 10. aug. lk. 11. AS-i Eltel Networks personalidirektor Piret Põldre, Eesti Haigekassa personali- ja koolitusjuht Terje Tiimann ja AS-i Amserv Auto personalijuht Ene Pukk töötajate töökoormuse mõõtmisest

  11. Плывут так, что брызги летят / Андрей Стрижалов, Александр Полупан, Виталий Петров ...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    2009. aastal 50 parima masina- ja metallitööstusettevõtete hulka jõdnud Dvigatel Regital OÜ, Arrierum, Well Tehnoloogia OÜ, Faabula AS-i ja APL Production AS-i juhid räägivad ettevõtete tegevusest ja edaspidistest plaanidest

  12. Käibe kasvu TOP 100

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Käibe kasvu TOP 100. 2002. a. netokäibe kasvust Eesti Ehitus OÜ, Russian Estonian Railway Services OÜ, Baltic Pulp & Paper AS-i ja Water Ser AS-i näitel. Diagrammid. Kommenteerivad Selene Rebane ja Rivo Sarapik

  13. Saare jonniga idealist / Lemmi Kann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kann, Lemmi

    2008-01-01

    Maxima OÜ tegevjuhist Margus Pärnast. Lisad: Elulugu; Tasub teada. Kommenteerivad: TOP Auto juhatuse esimees Felor Pärnpuu, Sales-Star ASi juhatuse esimees Tiina Aas, psühhiaater Jüri Ennet ning ASi Mobec müügijuht Kaido Sumberg. Vt. samas: Karmi käega õppejõud Pärn

  14. Single-grain Silicon Technology for Large Area X-ray Imaging

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arslan, A.

    2015-01-01

    Digital flat panel X-ray imagers are currently using a-Si and poly-Si thin-film-transistors (TFTs). a-Si TFT permits the use of large area substrates, however, due to the amorphous nature, the carrier mobility is very low (<1 cm2/Vs). Poly-Si TFT improves the mobility (~150 cm2/Vs) but due to random

  15. Ekspress Grupp liidab toimetusi ja tootmist. Luuakse ka kolme ajalehe ühine raamatukirjastusettevõte / Anne Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Anne, 1970-

    2011-01-01

    Ekspress Grupp liidab AS-i Eesti Päevaleht ja AS-i Eesti Ajalehed, sündiv firma kirjastab Eesti Päevalehte, Eesti Ekspressi ja Maalehte. AS Eesti Ajalehed tütarfirmana luuakse raamatukirjastusettevõte

  16. Integral bypass diodes in an amorphous silicon alloy photovoltaic module

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanak, J. J.; Flaisher, H.

    1991-01-01

    Thin-film, tandem-junction, amorphous silicon (a-Si) photovoltaic modules were constructed in which a part of the a-Si alloy cell material is used to form bypass protection diodes. This integral design circumvents the need for incorporating external, conventional diodes, thus simplifying the manufacturing process and reducing module weight.

  17. Kuidas maksustada ametiautode kasutamine?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Äripäeva küsitlusele ametiautode erisoodustusena maksustamise määruse eelnõu kohta vastavad liisinguühingute liidu tegevdirektor Reet Hääl, ASi Veland nõukogu esimees Veljo Pits, ASi Astrodata juhataja Jaak Anton ja väikeettevõtluse assotsiatsiooni tegevdirektor Ain Noormägi

  18. Information management e ricerca scientifica : coordinate per documentare l'aerospazio. Contenuti informativi : stato dell'arte delle tecnologie spaziali in Italia [Information management nel settore aerospaziale. Atti del seminario svoltosi al CIRA - Centro Italiano Ricerche Aerospaziali. Capua, 22 marzo 2002

    OpenAIRE

    Mingiacchi, Simone; Stalio, Roberto

    2002-01-01

    This speech describes ASI (Agenzia Spaziale Italiana) activities being carried on in order to realize an updated chart of basic technologies in the Space sector. This kind of information is critical in the new ASI policy, in the placing of Italy in the space sector, in the definition of the mid-term developments.

  19. Formula obnovlenija / Sandor Liive ; interv. Aleksei Zhigulin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liive, Sandor

    2006-01-01

    Kaadrimuudatused AS-i Eesti Energia tütarfirmades, Narva Elektrijaamade arengustrateegia, põlevkivitüli Venemaaga, keskkonnakaitselised küsimused, Helsingi ja Tallinna vaheline veealuse kaabli projekt, valmisolek talveks, hinnang möödunud aastale ja kontserni tulevikuplaanid. Küsimustele vastab AS-i Eesti Energia uus juhatuse esimees Sandor Liive

  20. Rahvusvaheline bussiliiklus täna ja selle roll tulevikus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    MootorReisi Aktsiaseltsi kümne aastaseks saamise puhul korraldati konverents "Rahvusvaheline bussiliiklus täna ja selle roll tulevikus". MootorReisi AS-i tekkimisest. Vt. samas: Intervjuu MootorReisi AS-i juhatuse esimees Hugo Osulaga

  1. Palverännaku tee õpetab kogemuse kaudu / Katri Soe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soe, Katri

    2006-01-01

    Camino de Santiago ehk Santiago tee juhtimiskoolitusest. Kommenteerivad koolituse läbinud Mistra-Autexi projektijuht Siiri Vaaderpass, AS-i Saare Finants juhataja Alar Tõru, AS-i Tobaccoland Eesti juhatuse esimees Mall Bakler ning koolituse organisaator ja läbiviija Aira Tammemäe

  2. Conveyorized Photoresist Stripping Replacement for Flex Circuit Fabrication

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Megan Donahue

    2009-02-24

    A replacement conveyorized photoresist stripping system was characterized to replace the ASI photoresist stripping system. This system uses the qualified ADF-25c chemistry for the fabrication of flex circuits, while the ASI uses the qualified potassium hydroxide chemistry. The stripping process removes photoresist, which is used to protect the copper traces being formed during the etch process.

  3. Производители мяса: ставка на качество / Ольга Кудрявцева

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Кудрявцева, Ольга

    2011-01-01

    Maailma toiduaineteturu trendiks on toorainete kallinemisest tingitud hinnatõus. Eesti lihatööstused investeerivad praegu oma toodete kvaliteedi parandamisse. AS Rakvere Lihakombinaat on omandanud 98,84% Jelgavas Galas Kombinats aktsiatest. AS-i Rakvere Lihakombinaat ja Uvic AS-i juhtide kommentaare

  4. Väino Kaldoja - master of the Mercedes Dealership / Taivo Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Taivo, 1968-

    2004-01-01

    AS-i Silberauto juhi ja põhiomaniku Väino Kaldoja juhtimispõhimõtteist, ettevõtte personalipoliitikast ning kliendisuhetest. Tabel: ASi Silberauto majandustulemused. Lisa: Silberauto ettevõtete grupp. Vt. samas: Mida Silberauto müüb?

  5. Ösel Foods paindub turul hästi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Ösel Foods AS-i juhatuse esimees Kuldar Leis tutvustab ettevõtte tegevust, tootearendust ja müügistrateegiat ning võrdleb eestlaste maitsmismeelt ja tarbimisharjumusi naaberriikidega. Kommenteerib Põltsamaa Felix AS-i juhatuse esimees Andres Koern

  6. Formation of thin-film crystalline silicon on glass observed by in-situ XRD

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Westra, J.M.; Vavrunkova, V.; Sutta, P.; Van Swaaij, R.A.C.M.M.; Zeman, M.

    2010-01-01

    Thin-film poly-crystalline silicon (poly c-Si) on glass obtained by crystallization of an amorphous silicon (a-Si) film is a promising material for low cost, high efficiency solar cells. Our approach to obtain this material is to crystallize a-Si films on glass by solid phase crystallization (SPC).

  7. Dzhentelmenide kätsh / Hannes Sarv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarv, Hannes

    2008-01-01

    AS Alta Foods esitas Stockholmi arbitraazhiinstituudile taotluse, et saada tagasi AS-i Kalev toiduainetööstuse ja AS-i Tere omandamiseks tasutud kuue miljoni euro suurune ettemaks. Vt. samas: Tehingu kronoloogia. Küsimustele vastavad Indrek Rahumaa ja Oliver Kruuda

  8. Kundas hoitakse Eesti vedelkütuse varusid / Raivo Raigna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raigna, Raivo

    2006-01-01

    Eesti vedelkütusevarude hoiustamise hanke üks võitjaid on Soome firma Baltic Tank OY, mis on Baltic Tank AS-i emafirma. Kunda sadamas asuvas Baltic Tanki AS-i terminalis hoitakse Eesti riigi diislikütuse tagavara

  9. Effect of silicon on reducing cadmium toxicity in durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. cv. Claudio W.) grown in a soil with aged contamination

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► Metal stress alleviation in wheat supplemented with amorphous Si (ASi). ► Pot experiment with a metal-contaminated soil and increased doses of ASi. ► Effects are observed both at the soil and the plant levels. ► ASi increases plant biomass and Cd content in roots and decreases Cd in shoots. ► ASi decreases soil-available Cd but is limiting for Si uptake. - Abstract: Agricultural soil contamination and subsequently crops still require alternative solutions to reduce associated environmental risks. The effects of silica application on alleviating cadmium (Cd) phytotoxicity in wheat plants were investigated in a 71-day pot experiment conducted with a historically contaminated agricultural soil. We used amorphous silica (ASi) that had been extracted from a diatomite mine for Si distribution at 0, 1, 10 and 15 ton ASi ha−1. ASi applications increased plant biomass and plant Si concentrations, reduced the available Cd in the soil and the Cd translocation to shoots, while Cd was more efficiently sequestrated in roots. But ASi is limiting for Si uptake by plants. We conclude that significant plant-available Si in soil contributes to decreased Cd concentrations in wheat shoots and could be implemented in a general scheme aiming at controlling Cd concentrations in wheat.

  10. Mis jäi teile meelde lõppevast aastast?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Tapa vallavanem Kuno Rooba, Multi Marger ASi juhataja ja omanik Rainer Miltop, ASi Lajos omanik Einar Vallbaum, Virumaa Invest OÜ juhatuse liige Olev Rohumäe, parlamendiliige Toomas Varek, SA Virumaa Muuseumide juhataja Ants Leemets, Rakvere politseiosakonna ülemkomissar, Ida-Eesti päästekeskuse koordinatsiooniteenistuse juht Maido Nõlvak

  11. Biophysics and the Challenges of Emerging Threats

    CERN Document Server

    Puglisi, Joseph D

    2009-01-01

    This volume is a collection of articles from the proceedings of the International School of Structural Biology and Magnetic Resonance 8th Course: Biophysics and the Challenges of Emerging Threats. This NATO Advance Study Institute (ASI) was held in Erice at the Ettore Majorana Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture on 19 through 30 June 2007. The ASI brought together a diverse group of experts who bridged the fields of virology and biology, biophysics, chemistry and physics. Prominent lecturers and students from around the world representant a total of 24 countries participated in the NATO ASI organized by Professors Joseph Puglisi (Stanford University, USA) and Alexander Arseniev (Moscow, RU). The central hypothesis underlying this ASI was that interdisciplinary research, merging principles of physics, chemistry and biology, can drive new discovery in detecting and fighting bioterrorism agents, lead to cleaner environments, and help propel development in NATO partner countries. The ASI merged the relat...

  12. Accelerated stress testing of amorphous silicon solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoddard, W. G.; Davis, C. W.; Lathrop, J. W.

    1985-01-01

    A technique for performing accelerated stress tests of large-area thin a-Si solar cells is presented. A computer-controlled short-interval test system employing low-cost ac-powered ELH illumination and a simulated a-Si reference cell (seven individually bandpass-filtered zero-biased crystalline PIN photodiodes) calibrated to the response of an a-Si control cell is described and illustrated with flow diagrams, drawings, and graphs. Preliminary results indicate that while most tests of a program developed for c-Si cells are applicable to a-Si cells, spurious degradation may appear in a-Si cells tested at temperatures above 130 C.

  13. Three-Terminal Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng-Hung Tai

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Many defects exist within amorphous silicon since it is not crystalline. This provides recombination centers, thus reducing the efficiency of a typical a-Si solar cell. A new structure is presented in this paper: a three-terminal a-Si solar cell. The new back-to-back p-i-n/n-i-p structure increased the average electric field in a solar cell. A typical a-Si p-i-n solar cell was also simulated for comparison using the same thickness and material parameters. The 0.28 μm-thick three-terminal a-Si solar cell achieved an efficiency of 11.4%, while the efficiency of a typical a-Si p-i-n solar cell was 9.0%. Furthermore, an efficiency of 11.7% was achieved by thickness optimization of the three-terminal solar cell.

  14. Vegetation and proximity to the river control amorphous silica storage in a riparian wetland (Biebrza National Park, Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Struyf

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Wetlands can modify and control nutrient fluxes between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, yet little is known of their potential as biological buffers and sinks in the biogeochemical silica cycle. We investigated the storage of amorphous silica (ASi in a central-European riparian wetland. The variation in storage of ASi in the soil of an undisturbed wetland was significantly controlled by two factors: dominance of sedges and grasses and distance to the river (combined R2=78%. Highest ASi storage was found near the river and in sites with a dominance of grasses and sedges, plants which are well known to accumulate ASi. The management practice of mowing reduced the amount of variation attributed to both factors (R2=51%. Although ASi concentrations in soils were low (between 0.1 and 1% of soil dry weight, ASi controlled the availability of dissolved silica (DSi in the porewater, and thus potentially the exchange of DSi with the nearby river system through both diffusive and advective fluxes. A depth gradient in ASi concentrations, with lower ASi in the deeper layers, indicates dissolution. Our results show that storage and recycling of ASi in wetland ecosystems can differ significantly on small spatial scales. Human management interferes with the natural control mechanisms. Our study demonstrates that wetlands have the potential to modify the fluxes of both DSi and ASi along the land-ocean continuum and supports the hypothesis that wetlands are important ecosystems in the biogeochemical cycling of silica.

  15. Estimated storage of amorphous silica in soils of the circum-Arctic tundra region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alfredsson, H.; Clymans, W.; Hugelius, G.; Kuhry, P.; Conley, D. J.

    2016-03-01

    We investigated the vertical distribution, storage, landscape partitioning, and spatial variability of soil amorphous silica (ASi) at four different sites underlain by continuous permafrost and representative of mountainous and lowland tundra, in the circum-Arctic region. Based on a larger set of data, we present the first estimate of the ASi soil reservoir (0-1 m depth) in circum-Arctic tundra terrain. At all sites, the vertical distribution of ASi concentrations followed the pattern of either (1) declining concentrations with depth (most common) or (2) increasing/maximum concentrations with depth. Our results suggest that a set of processes, including biological control, solifluction and other slope processes, cryoturbation, and formation of inorganic precipitates influence vertical distributions of ASi in permafrost terrain, with the capacity to retain stored ASi on millennial timescales. At the four study sites, areal ASi storage (0-1 m) is generally higher in graminoid tundra compared to wetlands. Our circum-Arctic upscaling estimates, based on both vegetation and soil classification separately, suggest a storage amounting to 219 ± 28 and 274 ± 33 Tmol Si, respectively, of which at least 30% is stored in permafrost. This estimate would account for about 3% of the global soil ASi storage while occupying an equal portion of the global land area. This result does not support the hypothesis that the circum-Arctic tundra soil ASi reservoir contains relatively higher amounts of ASi than other biomes globally as demonstrated for carbon. Nevertheless, climate warming has the potential to significantly alter ASi storage and terrestrial Si cycling in the Arctic.

  16. Traditional Factors of Fit, Perceived Quality, and Speed of Publication Still Outweigh Open Access in Authors’ Journal Selection Criteria. A Review of: Solomon, D. J., & Björk, B.-C. (2012. Publication fees in open access publishing: Sources of funding and factors influencing choice of journal. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 63(1, 98-107. doi: 10.1002/asi.21660

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle Dalton

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To determine the extent to whichthe open access (OA status of a journalinfluences authors in their journal selectiondecisions and to analyze the sources offunding for the article-processing charges(APCs applied in professional OA publishing.Design – Survey questionnaire.Setting – The international open accessscholarly publishing sector.Subjects – 1,038 researchers across allacademic disciplines who have recentlypublished work in open access journals thatcharge APCs.Methods – Journals listed in the Directory ofOpen Access Journals were stratified intoseven discipline clusters, and systematicrandom sampling was used where possible tocollect a sample of up to 15 journals per clusterthat levy APCs. For each individual journal,the authors of the 15 most recently publishedarticles (working from 2010 backwards wereinvited to complete a web-based questionnaireon the factors influencing their choice ofjournal and the source(s used to fundprocessing charges. Additional backgroundinformation about the authors and journalswas also collected and merged with the surveyresponses.Main Results – The results of the survey identified the fit of the article with the journal’s subject area, the perceived quality or impact of the journal, and the speed of the peer-review and publishing process as the dominant factors in the journal selection decision of authors. All three aspects were judged as either “very important” or “important” by 80% or more of respondents – significantly higher than the corresponding figure of 60% in relation to the open access status of the journal.The analysis also indicated that two key elements appear to influence how APCs are funded: the research discipline and the country of origin of the author. The use of research grants to fund charges is more prevalent in scientific disciplines than in the humanities, whilst researchers based in lower-income countries more frequently identify APCs as a barrier than those in higher-income countries. Grants and institutional funding tend to be the primary sources of funding for journals with higher APCs, whilst personal funding is utilised more often in cases where the fee is less than $500.Conclusion – Despite the increasing focus on the accessibility and visibility of research, academics still appear to place a greater value on ‘who’ rather than ‘how many’ readers access their research, and consequently traditional factors still persist as the main determinants in an author’s choice of journal. The future success of the APC model, compared with the traditional subscription-based or hybrid models, will ultimately depend on the ability of authors to obtain the necessary funding to pay such charges, combined with the extent to which the quality of services offered by open access publishers is perceived as being commensurate with the associated publishing fees.

  17. Making Life Easier for the Visually Impaired Web Searcher: It Is Now Clearer How This Should and Can Be Done, but Implementation Lags. A Review of: Sahib, N. G., Tombros, A., & Stockman, T. (2012. A comparative analysis of the information-seeking behavior of visually impaired and sighted searchers. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 63(2, 377–391. doi: 10.1002/asi.21696

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Laval Hunsucker

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To determine how the behaviour of visually impaired persons significantly differs from that of sighted persons in the carrying out of complex search tasks on the internet.Design – A comparative observational user study, plus semi-structured interviews.Setting – Not specified.Subjects – 15 sighted and 15 visually impaired persons, all of them experienced and frequent Internet search engine users, of both sexes and varying in age from early twenties to mid-fifties.Methods – The subjects carried out self selected complex search tasks on their own equipment and in their own familiar environments. The investigators observed this activity to some extent directly, but for the most part via video camera, through use of a screen-sharing facility, or with screen-capture software. They distinguished four stages of search task activity: query formulation, search results exploration, query reformulation, and search results management. The visually impaired participants, of whom 13 were totally blind and two had only marginal vision, were all working with text-to-speech screen readers and depended exclusively for all their observed activity on those applications’ auditory output. For data analysis, the investigators devised a grounded-theory based coding scheme. They employed a search log format for deriving further quantitative data which they later controlled for statistical significance (two-tailed unpaired t-test; p Main Results – The investigators found significant differences between the sighted participants’ search behaviour and that of the visually impaired searchers. The latter displayed a clearly less “orienteering” (O'Day & Jeffries, 1993 disposition and style, more often starting out with already relatively long and comprehensive combinations of relatively precise search terms; “their queries were more expressive” (p. 386. They submitted fewer follow-up queries, and were considerably less inclined to attempt query reformulation. They were aiming to achieve a satisfactory search outcome in a single step. Nevertheless, they rarely employed advanced operators, and made far less use (in only 4 instances of their search engine’s query-support features than did the sighted searchers (37 instances. Fewer of them (13% ventured beyond the first page of the results returned for their query by the search engine than was the case among the sighted searchers (43%. They viewed fewer (a mean of 4.27, as opposed to 13.40 retrieved pages, and they visited fewer external links (6 visits by 4 visually impaired searchers, compared with 34 visits by 11 sighted searchers. The visually impaired participants more frequently engaged in note taking than did the sighted participants.The visually impaired searchers were in some cases, the investigators discovered, unaware of search engine facilities or searching tactics which might have improved their search outcomes. Yet even when they were aware of these, they very often chose not to employ them because doing so via their screen readers would have cost them more time and effort than they were willing to expend. In general, they were more diffident and less resourceful than the sighted searchers, and had more trust in the innate capacity and reliability of their search engine to return in an efficient manner the best available results.Conclusion – Despite certain inherent limitations of the present study (the relatively small sample sizes and the non-randomness of the purposive sighted-searcher sample, the possible presence of extraneous variables, the impossibility of entirely ruling out familiarity bias, its findings strongly support the conclusion that working with today’s search engine user interfaces through the intermediation of currently available assistive technologies necessarily imposes severe limits on the degree to which visually impaired persons can efficiently search the web for information relevant to their needs. The findings furthermore suggest that there are various measures that it would be possible to take toward alleviating the situation, in the form of further improvements to retrieval systems, to search interfaces, and to text-to-speech screen readers. Such improvements would include: more accessible system hints to support a better, and less cognitively intensive, query formulation; web page layouts which are more suitable to screen-reader intermediation; a results presentation which more readily facilitates browsing and exploratory behaviour, preferably including auditory previews and overviews; presentation formats which allow for quicker and more accurate relevance judgments; mechanisms for (a better monitoring of search progress.In any event, further information behaviour studies ought now to be conducted, with the specific aim of more closely informing the development of user interfaces which will offer the kind of support that visually impaired Internet searchers are most in need of. Success in this undertaking will ultimately contribute to the further empowerment of visually disabled persons and thereby facilitate efforts to combat social exclusion.

  18. Making Life Easier for the Visually Impaired Web Searcher: It Is Now Clearer How This Should and Can Be Done, but Implementation Lags. A Review of: Sahib, N. G., Tombros, A., & Stockman, T. (2012). A comparative analysis of the information-seeking behavior of visually impaired and sighted searchers. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 63(2), 377–391. doi: 10.1002/asi.21696

    OpenAIRE

    R. Laval Hunsucker

    2013-01-01

    Objective – To determine how the behaviour of visually impaired persons significantly differs from that of sighted persons in the carrying out of complex search tasks on the internet.Design – A comparative observational user study, plus semi-structured interviews.Setting – Not specified.Subjects – 15 sighted and 15 visually impaired persons, all of them experienced and frequent Internet search engine users, of both sexes and varying in age from early twenties to mid-fifties.Methods – The subj...

  19. Revisionismo teórico sobre el fenómeno de las adaptaciones acuáticas durante el paleolítico y su relación con el desafío de la navegación de cabotaje y gran cabotaje en los tiempos pleistocénicos : cuenca occidental mediterránea y zona insular del sudeste asiático

    OpenAIRE

    Cuadrado Martín, Luis Blas

    2015-01-01

    El presente trabajo de investigación trata dos cuestiones que considero íntimamente relacionadas: las adaptaciones acuáticas durante el Paleolítico y el desafío de la navegación pleistocènica. El fundamento de la citada correlación lo baso en la siguiente premisa: comer antes que viajar. Debido a este planteamiento he considerado necesario llevar a cabo un proceso revisionista sobre las citadas adaptaciones acuáticas, debido a que !a comunidad científica aún no acepta, de forma generalizada, ...

  20. From epidemics to information propagation: Striking differences in structurally similar adaptive network models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trajanovski, Stojan; Guo, Dongchao; Van Mieghem, Piet

    2015-09-01

    The continuous-time adaptive susceptible-infected-susceptible (ASIS) epidemic model and the adaptive information diffusion (AID) model are two adaptive spreading processes on networks, in which a link in the network changes depending on the infectious state of its end nodes, but in opposite ways: (i) In the ASIS model a link is removed between two nodes if exactly one of the nodes is infected to suppress the epidemic, while a link is created in the AID model to speed up the information diffusion; (ii) a link is created between two susceptible nodes in the ASIS model to strengthen the healthy part of the network, while a link is broken in the AID model due to the lack of interest in informationless nodes. The ASIS and AID models may be considered as first-order models for cascades in real-world networks. While the ASIS model has been exploited in the literature, we show that the AID model is realistic by obtaining a good fit with Facebook data. Contrary to the common belief and intuition for such similar models, we show that the ASIS and AID models exhibit different but not opposite properties. Most remarkably, a unique metastable state always exists in the ASIS model, while there an hourglass-shaped region of instability in the AID model. Moreover, the epidemic threshold is a linear function in the effective link-breaking rate in the AID model, while it is almost constant but noisy in the AID model.

  1. Astragaloside IV improves lipid metabolism in obese mice by alleviation of leptin resistance and regulation of thermogenic network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Hui; Gao, Yan; Shi, Hai-Lian; Qin, Li-Yue; Huang, Fei; Lan, Yun-Yi; Zhang, Bei-Bei; Hu, Zhi-Bi; Wu, Xiao-Jun

    2016-01-01

    Obesity is a worldwide threat to public health in modern society, which may result from leptin resistance and disorder of thermogenesis. The present study investigated whether astragaloside IV (ASI) could prevent obesity in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed and db/db mice. In HFD-fed mice, ASI prevented body weight gain, lowered serum triglyceride and total cholesterol levels, mitigated liver lipid accumulation, reduced fat tissues and decreased the enlargement of adipose cells. In metabolic chambers, ASI lessened appetite of the mice, decreased their respiratory exchange ratio and elevated VCO2 and VO2 without altering circadian motor activity. Moreover, ASI modulated thermogenesis associated gene expressions in liver and brawn fat tissues, as well as leptin resistance evidenced by altered expressions of leptin, leptin receptor (ObR) or appetite associated genes. In SH-SY5Y cells, ASI enhanced leptin signaling transduction. However, in db/db mice, ASI did not change body weight gain and appetite associated genes. But it decreased serum triglyceride and total cholesterol levels as well as liver triglyceride. Meanwhile, it significantly modulated gene expressions of PPARα, PGC1-α, UCP2, ACC, SCD1, LPL, AP2, CD36 and SREBP-1c. Collectively, our study suggested that ASI could efficiently improve lipid metabolism in obese mice probably through enhancing leptin sensitivity and modulating thermogenic network. PMID:27444146

  2. Aortic size index enlargement is associated with central hemodynamics in essential hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milan, Alberto; Tosello, Francesco; Caserta, Mimma; Naso, Diego; Puglisi, Elisabetta; Magnino, Corrado; Comoglio, Chiara; Rabbia, Franco; Mulatero, Paolo; Veglio, Franco

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between brachial and central blood pressure (bBP and cBP) levels and aortic root dilatation (ARD) in essential hypertensive patients. A total of 190 untreated and treated essential hypertensive patients (mean age, 55 ± 11 years) were considered for this analysis. We measured pulsatile hemodynamics and the proximal aortic diameter directly using tonometry, ultrasound imaging (echocardiography) and Doppler. Ninety-one hypertensive patients had an ARD (defined as aortic size index (ASi)>2 cm/m(2)). Central hemodynamic variables were significantly associated with ASi. Patients with increased ASi were significantly older (60 ± 10 vs. 50 ± 11 years, P < 0.0001) and had higher levels of the augmentation index (AIx; 28 ± 10 vs. 21 ± 10 P < 0.0001), augmentation pressure (AP; 13 ± 6 vs. 8 ± 5 mm Hg, P < 0.0001), and central pulse pressure (cPP; 44 ± 10 vs. 39 ± 8 mm Hg, P<0.0001) compared with patients with normal ASi. In a logistic regression analysis, the AIx was the only significant predictor of ASi. In hypertensive patients, the AIx and cBP were associated with ARD, whereas the bBP was not. Patients with an increased ASi may lose part of the elastic properties of the aorta, demonstrating a strict correlation between ASi and central hemodynamic indexes, in particular, the cPP and AIx. PMID:20882032

  3. Identification of a novel CoA synthase isoform, which is primarily expressed in Brain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CoA and its derivatives Acetyl-CoA and Acyl-CoA are important players in cellular metabolism and signal transduction. CoA synthase is a bifunctional enzyme which mediates the final stages of CoA biosynthesis. In previous studies, we have reported molecular cloning, biochemical characterization, and subcellular localization of CoA synthase (CoASy). Here, we describe the existence of a novel CoA synthase isoform, which is the product of alternative splicing and possesses a 29aa extension at the N-terminus. We termed it CoASy β and originally identified CoA synthase, CoASy α. The transcript specific for CoASy β was identified by electronic screening and by RT-PCR analysis of various rat tissues. The existence of this novel isoform was further confirmed by immunoblot analysis with antibodies directed to the N-terminal peptide of CoASy β. In contrast to CoASy α, which shows ubiquitous expression, CoASy β is primarily expressed in Brain. Using confocal microscopy, we demonstrated that both isoforms are localized on mitochondria. The N-terminal extension does not affect the activity of CoA synthase, but possesses a proline-rich sequence which can bring the enzyme into complexes with signalling proteins containing SH3 or WW domains. The role of this novel isoform in CoA biosynthesis, especially in Brain, requires further elucidation

  4. Astragaloside IV improves lipid metabolism in obese mice by alleviation of leptin resistance and regulation of thermogenic network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Hui; Gao, Yan; Shi, Hai-Lian; Qin, Li-Yue; Huang, Fei; Lan, Yun-Yi; Zhang, Bei-Bei; Hu, Zhi-Bi; Wu, Xiao-Jun

    2016-01-01

    Obesity is a worldwide threat to public health in modern society, which may result from leptin resistance and disorder of thermogenesis. The present study investigated whether astragaloside IV (ASI) could prevent obesity in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed and db/db mice. In HFD-fed mice, ASI prevented body weight gain, lowered serum triglyceride and total cholesterol levels, mitigated liver lipid accumulation, reduced fat tissues and decreased the enlargement of adipose cells. In metabolic chambers, ASI lessened appetite of the mice, decreased their respiratory exchange ratio and elevated VCO2 and VO2 without altering circadian motor activity. Moreover, ASI modulated thermogenesis associated gene expressions in liver and brawn fat tissues, as well as leptin resistance evidenced by altered expressions of leptin, leptin receptor (ObR) or appetite associated genes. In SH-SY5Y cells, ASI enhanced leptin signaling transduction. However, in db/db mice, ASI did not change body weight gain and appetite associated genes. But it decreased serum triglyceride and total cholesterol levels as well as liver triglyceride. Meanwhile, it significantly modulated gene expressions of PPARα, PGC1-α, UCP2, ACC, SCD1, LPL, AP2, CD36 and SREBP-1c. Collectively, our study suggested that ASI could efficiently improve lipid metabolism in obese mice probably through enhancing leptin sensitivity and modulating thermogenic network. PMID:27444146

  5. Oxygen- and hydroxyl-edge termination of silicene nanoribbons studied by first-principles calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Rui; Liu, Zhong-Li; Gu, Yanhong; Zhang, Weiying; Tan, Yonggang

    2016-05-01

    The geometrical structures and electronic properties of the armchair- and zigzag-edge silicene nanoribbons (SiNRs), terminated with oxygen and hydroxyl (ZSiNR-O, ZSiNR-OH, ASiNR-O, ASiNR-OH), have been investigated by using the first-principles method. It is found that the silicene edges are rippled upon the oxygen termination. On one edge of ZSiNR-O, the neighboring Si-O bonds move concordantly right (left) from the silicene plane, while on one edge of ASiNR-O, the neighboring Si-O bonds respectively move right and left to result in larger rippled amplitudes. Comparably, the influence of OH-termination on the silicene edge is small, inducing smaller rippled edges. The electronic structure calculations show that the px electrons of oxygen on the rippled edges of ZSiNR-O sp3 hybridize with the edge Si atoms, forming one more bands. The band gaps of the ASiNR-O and ASiNR-OH also obey the three-family behavior, due to the quantum confinement and the crucial effect of the edges. For ASiNR-OH, by taking account of the new atom chains formed by the hydrogen bonds of the neighboring OHs, the band gaps follow the same hierarchy of Δ3 p >Δ3 p - 1 >Δ3 p - 2 with those of ASiNR-Os.

  6. Unreliability of aortic size index to predict risk of aortic dissection in a patient with Turner syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nijs, Jan; Gelsomino, Sandro; Lucà, Fabiana; Parise, Orlando; Maessen, Jos G; Meir, Mark La

    2014-01-01

    Aortic size index (ASI) has been proposed as a reliable criterion to predict risk for aortic dissection in Turner syndrome with significant thresholds of 20-25 mm/m2. We report a case of aortic arch dissection in a patient with Turner syndrome who, from the ASI thresholds proposed, was deemed to be at low risk of aortic dissection or rupture and was not eligible for prophylactic surgery. This case report strongly supports careful monitoring and surgical evaluation even when the ASI is < 20 mm/m2 if other significant risk factors are present. PMID:24944765

  7. Flipping a genetic switch by subunit exchange

    OpenAIRE

    Lambert, L J; Schirf, V; Demeler, B; Cadene, M.; Werner, M H

    2004-01-01

    The bacteriophage T4 AsiA protein is a multifunctional protein that simultaneously acts as both a repressor and activator of gene expression during the phage life cycle. These dual roles with opposing transcriptional consequences are achieved by modification of the host RNA polymerase in which AsiA binds to conserved region 4 (SR4) of σ70, altering the pathway of promoter selection by the holoenzyme. The mechanism by which AsiA flips this genetic switch has now been revealed, in part, from th...

  8. Hydrogenated amorphous silicon oxide containing a microcrystalline silicon phase and usage as an intermediate reflector in thin-film silicon solar cells

    OpenAIRE

    Lambertz, A.; Grundler, T.; F. Finger

    2011-01-01

    To further improve the stability of amorphous/microcrystalline silicon (a-Si:H/mu c-Si:H) tandem solar cells, it is important to reduce the thickness of the a-Si: H top cell. This can be achieved by introduction of an intermediate reflector between the a-Si: H top and the mu c-Si: H bottom cell which reflects light back into the a-Si: H cell and thus, increases its photocurrent at possibly reduced thickness. Microcrystalline silicon oxide (mu c-SiOx:H) is used for this purpose and the trade-o...

  9. Inductively Coupled Plasma etching of amorphous silicon nanostructures over nanotopography using C4F8/SF6 chemistry

    OpenAIRE

    Harvey-Collard, Patrick; Jaouad, Abdelatif; Drouin, Dominique; Pioro-Ladrière, Michel

    2013-01-01

    Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) etching of amorphous silicon (a-Si) nanostructures using a continuous C4F8/SF6 plasma over nanotopography in silicon dioxide (SiO2) is investigated. The coil power of the ICP system is used to tune the a-Si etch rate from 20 to 125 nm/min. The etch rates of a-Si, SiO2 and electroresist are measured depending on the SF6 ratio, platen power and chamber pressure and used to optimize the a-Si:SiO2 etch selectivity. The results on nanostructures show that the prese...

  10. The Autonomous Stress Indicator for Remotely Monitoring Power System State and Watching for Potential Instability

    OpenAIRE

    Geza Joos; Khalil El Arroudi; Donald McGillis; Reginald Brearley

    2009-01-01

    The proposed Autonomous Stress Indicator (ASI) is a device that monitors the contents of the protection relays on a suspect weak power system bus and generates a performance level related to the degree of system performance degradation or instability. This gives the system operators some time (minutes) to take corrective action. In a given operating area there would not likely be a need for an ASI on every bus. Note that the ASI does not trip any breakers; it is an INFORMATION ONLY device. An...

  11. Evaluation of Anxiety Sensitivity among Daily Adult Smokers using Item Response Theory Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Zvolensky, Michael J.; Strong, David; Bernstein, Amit; Vujanovic, Anka A.; Marshall, Erin C.

    2008-01-01

    The present investigation applied Item Response Theory (IRT) methodology to the 16-item Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI; Reiss, Peterson, Gursky, & McNally, 1986) for a sample of 475 daily adult smokers (52% women; Mage = 26.9, SD = 11.1, Range = 18 – 65). Using nonparametric item response analysis, all 16 ASI items were evaluated. Evaluation of the Option Characteristic Curves for each item revealed 4 poorly discriminating ASI items (1: “It is important not to appear nervous;” 5: “It is impor...

  12. Comparative Computational Study of the Energetics of Li, Na, and Mg Storage in Amorphous and Crystalline Silicon

    OpenAIRE

    Legrain, Fleur; Malyi, Oleksandr I.; Manzhos, Sergei

    2014-01-01

    To assess the potential of amorphous Si (a-Si) as an anode for Li, Na, and Mg-ion batteries, the energetics of Li, Na, and Mg atoms in a-Si are computed from first-principles and compared to those in crystalline Si (c-Si). It is shown that Si preamorphization increases the average anode voltage and reduces the volume expansion of the anode during the insertion of the metal atoms. Analysis of computed formation energies of Li, Na, and Mg defects in a-Si and c-Si suggests that the energetics of...

  13. Diffusion in amorphen Vorstufen von Si-(B-)C-N-Keramiken und verwandten Materialien

    OpenAIRE

    Voß, Lars-Thilo

    2002-01-01

    Die vorliegende Arbeit leistet einen Beitrag zur Aufklärung der Selbst- und Fremddiffusion in amorphen, kovalent gebundenen Materialien. Hierzu wurden mit Hilfe von Radiotracer-Verfahren Diffusionsuntersuchungen an a-C, an zwei amorphen Siliziumnitriden, a-Si3N4 und a-Si4N3, sowie an a-Si29B9C41N21 durchgeführt. Radiotracer-Experimente zur Messung der Selbstdiffusion in amorphen, kovalent gebundenen Materialien waren bisher aus zwei Gründen äußerst schwierig: i) Die meisten dieser Material...

  14. Magnetization dynamics of topological defects and the spin solid in a kagome artificial spin ice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhat, V. S.; Heimbach, F.; Stasinopoulos, I.; Grundler, D.

    2016-04-01

    We report broadband spin-wave spectroscopy on kagome artificial spin ice (ASI) made of large arrays of interconnected Ni80Fe20 nanobars. Spectra taken in saturated and disordered states exhibit a series of resonances with characteristic magnetic field dependencies. Making use of micromagnetic simulations, we identify resonances that reflect the spin-solid-state and monopole-antimonopole pairs on Dirac strings. The latter resonances allow for the generation of highly charged vertices in ASIs via microwave-assisted switching. Our findings open further perspectives for fundamental studies on ASIs and their usage in reprogrammable magnonics.

  15. Characterization of adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction algorithm for dose reduction in CT: A pediatric oncology perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brady, S. L.; Yee, B. S.; Kaufman, R. A. [Department of Radiological Sciences, St. Jude Children' s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105 (United States)

    2012-09-15

    Purpose: This study demonstrates a means of implementing an adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign ) technique for dose reduction in computed tomography (CT) while maintaining similar noise levels in the reconstructed image. The effects of image quality and noise texture were assessed at all implementation levels of ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign . Empirically derived dose reduction limits were established for ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign for imaging of the trunk for a pediatric oncology population ranging from 1 yr old through adolescence/adulthood. Methods: Image quality was assessed using metrics established by the American College of Radiology (ACR) CT accreditation program. Each image quality metric was tested using the ACR CT phantom with 0%-100% ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign blended with filtered back projection (FBP) reconstructed images. Additionally, the noise power spectrum (NPS) was calculated for three common reconstruction filters of the trunk. The empirically derived limitations on ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign implementation for dose reduction were assessed using (1, 5, 10) yr old and adolescent/adult anthropomorphic phantoms. To assess dose reduction limits, the phantoms were scanned in increments of increased noise index (decrementing mA using automatic tube current modulation) balanced with ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign reconstruction to maintain noise equivalence of the 0% ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign image. Results: The ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign algorithm did not produce any unfavorable effects on image quality as assessed by ACR criteria. Conversely, low-contrast resolution was found to improve due to the reduction of noise in the reconstructed images. NPS calculations demonstrated that images with lower frequency noise had lower noise variance and coarser graininess at progressively higher percentages of ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign reconstruction; and in spite of the similar magnitudes of noise, the image reconstructed with 50% or more ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign presented a more

  16. 75 FR 60773 - Voluntary Private Sector Accreditation and Certification Preparedness Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... June 16, 2010 (PS-Prep standards). 1. ASIS International, ``Organizational Resilience: Security... on June 16, 2010. See 75 FR 34148. DHS received additional information and comments about small... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Voluntary Private Sector Accreditation and...

  17. Ad' taboo : the reiterations in advertising : plagiarism or coincidence? / Tomas Bartninkas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bartninkas, Tomas

    2006-01-01

    Autor tutvustab maailmapraktikat sarnaste ideede kasutamisest reklaamides ning nendib, et reklaamide plagiaadiks tembeldamine või süütuks kokkusattumuseks pidamine on igaühe enda südametunnistuse asi

  18. Robert Närska : erakonda tuleb vahetada vastavalt seisukohtade muutumisele / Robert Närska ; interv. Mari-Liis Hüvato

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Närska, Robert, 1948-

    2005-01-01

    Tartu linnavolikogusse kandideeriv AS-i Werol Tehased juhatuse liige vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tema kandideerimist linnavolikogusse Rahvaliidu nimekirjas, kohaliku võimu politiseeritust Eestis, Tartu arengut ning lahendamist vajavaid probleeme linnas

  19. Uuel spordiennustuse pakkujal pole vajalikke lube / Raigo Neudorf

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Neudorf, Raigo

    2004-01-01

    Rahandusministeerium väidab, et spordiennustusfirma, mis pakub Internetis aadressil www.Bet24.com võimalust teha rahalisi panuseid, tegutseb Eestis illegaalselt. Lisa: Asi uurimiseks tarbijakaitsele

  20. Tähemees sõuab visalt edasi / Martin Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Martin, 1984-

    2007-01-01

    AS-i Starman asutaja, juht ja osanik Peeter Kern ei soovi oma osalust firmas müüa. Vt. samas: CV; Kruvikeerajad, tsiklid ja sigarid. Kommenteerivad Valdo Kalm, Andrus Hiiepuu, Raivo Hein ja Märt Jakobson

  1. Kui palju tuleb juhitöös tegeleda "pean" ja "tahan" tegevustega?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Vastavad Fontes Grupi Nõukogu esimees Tõnis Arro, Aeroc AS-i juhatuse esimees Ivar Paplavskis, Eesti Ehitusettevõtjate Liidu tegevdirektor Tarmo Lige, American Toursi tegevdirektor Anu Eha ja Esmofoni juhatuse esimees Aivar Sirelpuu

  2. Фабрику Kalev продают норвежской фирме / Андрус Карнау, Райго Неудорф

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Карнау, Андрус

    2010-01-01

    AS-i Kalev Chocolate Factory osta sooviv Orkla kontrerni esindajate kinnitusel hakatakse edaspidi toodangut eksportima nii Balti- kui Põhjamaadesse. Enne varade üleminekut uuele omanikule tuleb ära oodata Kalevi aktsiate aresti alt vabanemine

  3. Kalevi uus omanik tahab ettevõtte eksportima panna / Raigo Neudorf ; kommenteerinud Kuldar Leis, Kati Kusmin, Vjatšeslav Leedo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Neudorf, Raigo

    2010-01-01

    AS-i Kalev Chocolate Factory osta sooviv Orkla kontrerni esindajate kinnitusel hakatakse edaspidi toodangut eksportima nii Balti- kui Põhjamaadesse. Enne varade üleminekut uuele omanikule tuleb ära oodata Kalevi aktsiate aresti alt vabanemine. Diagramm

  4. Eesti Telekomi kasv jäi aasta lõpus kängu / Sten-Aleks Pihlak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihlak, Sten-Aleks

    2008-01-01

    Hoolimata AS-i Eesti Telekom 2007. aasta neljanda kvartali tagasihoidlikest tulemustest on kogu majandusaasta näitajad ootuspärased. Diagramm: Eesti Telekomi majandusnäitajad. Lisa: Mobiilside kasum kahanes ligi 20%

  5. Peter Priisalm eelistab juhina meeskonnamängu / Peter Priisalm ; interv. Aive Antsov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priisalm, Peter

    2006-01-01

    AS-i Microlink Eesti juhatuse esimehe kohalt lahkunud Peter Priisalm oma tegevusest infotehnoloogiaettevõttes, tagasiastumise põhjustest, karjäärist ja selle planeerimisest ning ettevõtte juhtimisest

  6. Sarapuu lööb piletihinnad pilvepiirile / Alvar Nõuakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nõuakas, Alvar

    2007-01-01

    Lääne-Virumaa liiniveo riigihanke konkursil teiseks jäänud AS GoBus nimetas parimaks tunnistatud AS-i Harjumaa Liinide pakkumist ebaharilikult madalaks ja eksitavaks. Konkursi tulemuse vaidlustas MRP Linna Liinide AS

  7. Internetilepingul on paberil lepingu jõud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Internetilepingutest. Kommenteerivad Tarkvara OÜ juhataja Veiko Herne ja ASi Neti Värav elektronkommertsi mänedžer Ingrid Maltsaar. Lisatud tabel: lepingus valeandmete esitajate TOP riikide järgi

  8. В российских СМИ начались чистки / Ксения Репсон

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Репсон, Ксения

    2011-01-01

    Venemaa oligarh Ališer Usmanov vallandas ASi Kommersant Holding peadirektori Andrei Galijevi ja ajakirja Kommersant-Vlast peatoimetaja Maksim Kovalski, tuues põhjuseks Venemaa peaministri Vladimir Putini solvamise

  9. Vene oligarh vallandas meediajuhte / Ksenia Repson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Repson, Ksenia

    2011-01-01

    Venemaa oligarh Ališer Usmanov vallandas ASi Kommersant Holding peadirektori Andrei Galijevi ja ajakirja Kommersant-Vlast peatoimetaja Maksim Kovalski, tuues põhjuseks Venemaa peaministri Vladimir Putini solvamise

  10. Siidii / Kreete Reval

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reval, Kreete

    2003-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Velvet Legion "Velvet Legion", Lou Reed "The Raven", Forgotten Sunrise "Please Disconnect Me", Ry Cooder & Manuel Galban "Mambo Sinuendo", Robert Jürjendal & Henn Rebane "Eesti Asi", Melanie C "Reason"

  11. Biophysics and Structure to Counter Threats and Challenges

    CERN Document Server

    Margaris, Manolia

    2013-01-01

    This ASI brought together a diverse group of experts who span virology, biology, biophysics, chemistry, physics and engineering.  Prominent lecturers representing world renowned scientists from nine (9) different countries, and students from around the world representing eighteen (18) countries, participated in the ASI organized by Professors Joseph Puglisi (Stanford University, USA) and Alexander Arseniev (Moscow, RU).   The central hypothesis underlying this ASI was that interdisciplinary research, merging principles of physics, chemistry and biology, can drive new discovery in detecting and fighting chemical and bioterrorism agents, lead to cleaner environments and improved energy sources, and help propel development in NATO partner countries.  At the end of the ASI students had an appreciation of how to apply each technique to their own particular research problem and to demonstrate that multifaceted approaches and new technologies are needed to solve the biological challenges of our time.  The course...

  12. MicroLink loobus kõrvaltegevustest, et keskenduda IT teenustele / Peter Priisalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priisalm, Peter

    2004-01-01

    MicroLink Eesti AS-i juhatuse esimees arvutitootmise ja internetiportaali Delfi müümise põhjustest, ettevõtte tegevuse eesmärkidest kolmes Balti riigis, keskendudes infotehnoloogia teenuste pakkumisele ja raadiosideseadmete valmistamisele

  13. Autofirmad püüavad kvaliteedi sertifikaate / Eeva Pajuviidik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pajuviidik, Eeva

    2004-01-01

    ISO 9001:2000 kvaliteedijuhtimise sertifikaadi vajalikkusest automüügifirmade jaoks ning esimese automüügifirmana Eestis sertifikaadi omandanud Veho Eesti AS-i kogemusest kvaliteedisüsteemi juurutamisel

  14. Küttimine võib septembris peatuda. Maaomanikud vs. jahimehed / Ain Alvela ; kommenteerinud Heiki Hepner, Val Rajasaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alvela, Ain, 1967-

    2011-01-01

    Maksumaksjad ja maaomanikud toetavad Eesti jahindust sisuliselt viie miljoni euroga aastas, kuigi keskkonnaspetsialistide hinnangul võiks asi olla vastupidi. Kehtiv jahiseadus ei aita kaasa metsa väärtuse parandamisele. Tabelid

  15. AMS DAYS 2015 - Interview Roberto Battiston

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    Roberto Battiston, president of the Italian Space Agency (ASI) and deputy spokesperson of the AMS experiments, tells about AMS latest results and the complementarity with the second run of the LHC in the search for dark matter

  16. ABTG juhtumis sai õiguse maksuamet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna ringkonnakohtu otsusest, millega jäeti rahuldamata ASi Adonis Baltic Timber Group (ABTG) kaebus maksu-ja tolliameti tegevuse peale seoses ettevõttele enammakstud käibemaksu tagastamise peatamisega revisjoni käigus

  17. Side- ja turvanguamet / Indrek Süld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Süld, Indrek

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: 2003 : annual report : [Eesti Raudtee]. - Tallinn, 2004, lk. 34-35; 2003 : godovoi ottshjot : [Eesti Raudtee]. - Tallinn, 2004, lk. 34-35. Ülevaade AS-i Eesti Raudtee side- ja turvanguameti tegevusest 2003. aastal. Skeem

  18. Uusi väärtusi logistikas aitab luua infotehnoloogia / Kristo Kiviorg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiviorg, Kristo

    2005-01-01

    Infotehnoloogilisi lahendusi logistikas. Lisa: Iga uuendus pole uus teenus. Kommenteerivad Tallinna Kaubamaja logistikajuht Robert Laud, AS-i Sales-Star tegevdirektor Tiina Aas, Liviko siseturu müügijuht Ragnar Kits

  19. Maakera supitehas kolib Põlvast minema / Väinu Rozental

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rozental, Väinu, 1957-

    2007-01-01

    Põlvas asuva Maakera kaubamärgi all tegutseva valmistoidutehase AS-i Nordic Foods ostnud AS Põltsamaa Felix kolib tootmise Põlvast emafirmasse Põltsamaale. Lisa: Põlva supitehas elas kaks ja pool aastat

  20. Fabrika russkihh liderov / Ksenia Repson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Repson, Ksenia

    2005-01-01

    Noortekoja Partner venekeelseid noori ühendav osakond valis 2006. aasta presidendiks AS-i Eesti Post rahvusvaheliste maksete osakonna juhataja Aleksander Shtshekotini. Noortekoja venekeelse osakonna tegevusest. Lisa: Junior Chamber International

  1. Swedish Match valutab pead rohkem aktsiisi kui erisoodustusmaksu pärast / Raigo Roosve ; interv. Imbi E. Kaljuste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roosve, Raigo

    1999-01-01

    Intervjuus vastab tubakafirma AS-i Swedish Match peadirektor Raigo Roosve küsimustele, miks ja mille alusel maksab AS Swedish Match erisoodustusmaksu ja kas firmal on olnud arusaamatusi maksuameti või maksudega

  2. Riigikohus saatis eksametniku süüdimõistmise teisele ringile

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Riigikohus tühistas endise tehnilise järelevalve ameti asejuhi Egon Hirvsoo süüdimõistmise pistisevõtmises ja ASi Jupiter Plus pistiseandmises ning saatis süüasja tagasi uurimiseks Harju maakohtusse

  3. Moskva ärimehed müüvad Narva ettevõtte / Ilja Smirnov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smirnov, Ilja

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 18. aug. lk. 4. Moskva omanikele kuuluva ja kangaste viimistlemisega tegeleva Narva ettevõtte, AS-i Polytex.ee.Printing töö on täielikult peatatud ning algab massiline koondamine

  4. Riina Vändre is the best P.R. manager in Estonia / Riina Vändre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vändre, Riina, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    Turu-uuringute AS-i poolt ajakirjanike hulgas läbi viidud küsitluse tulemusel Eesti parimaks suhtekorraldajaks valitud Eesti Energia avalike suhete juht oma tööst monopoolse suurettevõtte maine kujundamisel

  5. Elektrijaht köidab kaht Ühendriikide firmat / Argo Ideon, Urmas Tooming

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ideon, Argo, 1966-

    1998-01-01

    NRG Energy läbirääkimised Eesti Elektrijaamade erastamiseks kestavad. USA firma Cinergy Corporation tegi pakkumise AS-i Narva Elektrivõrk 49% aktsiate ostmiseks, konkurents Soome firmaga IVO. Skeem: USA energiahaid Narvas

  6. Ühistu aruandlust ja infovahetust pidage internetis / Indrek Kald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kald, Indrek, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    Autor tutvustab AS-i Spin TEK poolt loodud e-Reeni nimelist tarkvara korteriühistute raamatupidamise lihtsustamiseks. Kommenteerib Peka Ringo. Vt. samas: E-hooldusraamat jõudis Eesti turule juba aasta alguses

  7. Characterization of SiC in DLC/a-Si films prepared by pulsed filtered cathodic arc using Raman spectroscopy and XPS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    DLC/a-Si films were deposited on germanium substrates. a-Si film was initially deposited as a seed layer on the substrate using DC magnetron sputtering. DLC film was then deposited on the a-Si layer via a pulsed filtered cathodic arc (PFCA) system. In situ ellipsometry was used to monitor the thicknesses of the growth films, allowing a precise control over the a-Si and DLC thicknesses of 6 and 9 nm, respectively. It was found that carbon atoms implanting on a-Si layer act not only as a carbon source for DLC formation, but also as a source for SiC formation. The Raman peak positions at 796 cm-1 and 972 cm-1 corresponded to the LO and TO phonon modes of SiC, respectively, were observed. The results were also confirmed using TEM, XPS binding energy and XPS depth profile analysis.

  8. Saksa investor loobus RERi pakkumuses osalemisest / Andres Reimer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimer, Andres

    2000-01-01

    Raudtee Erastamise Rahva ASi välisinvestorikandidaat Saksa riigiraudtee Deutsche Bahn loobus Eesti Raudtee erastamisel osalemisest nende strateegilise investorina. Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 13. sept. lk. 9

  9. "Tallinnskii tramvai" võzval konflikt interessov / Ksenia Repson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Repson, Ksenia

    2007-01-01

    Tallinna Trammi- ja Trollibussikoondise AS-i töötajate usaldusisiku Aleksandr Martõnenko ja arendusdirektori Leonid Mihhailovi ning aselinnapea Jaanus Mutli arvamusi Prantsuse firma Systra koostatud projektist "Tallinna tramm"

  10. AS Narva Vesi reoveepuhastusjaama rekonstrueerimine / Hilje Õunapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õunapuu, Hilje

    2005-01-01

    AS-i Narva Vesi reoveepuhasti rekonstrueerimist aastatel 2003-2005 finantseerisid Euroopa Komisjoni Ühtekuuluvusfond, SIDA (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency), Eesti riik ning AS Narva Vesi. Puhastustehnoloogia viidi vastavusse eurodirektiivide ja Eesti standardite nõuetega

  11. Carbon nanotube-amorphous silicon hybrid solar cell with improved conversion efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funde, Adinath M.; Nasibulin, Albert G.; Gufran Syed, Hashmi; Anisimov, Anton S.; Tsapenko, Alexey; Lund, Peter; Santos, J. D.; Torres, I.; Gandía, J. J.; Cárabe, J.; Rozenberg, A. D.; Levitsky, Igor A.

    2016-05-01

    We report a hybrid solar cell based on single walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) interfaced with amorphous silicon (a-Si). The high quality carbon nanotube network was dry transferred onto intrinsic a-Si forming Schottky junction for metallic SWNT bundles and heterojunctions for semiconducting SWNT bundles. The nanotube chemical doping and a-Si surface treatment minimized the hysteresis effect in current-voltage characteristics allowing an increase in the conversion efficiency to 1.5% under an air mass 1.5 solar spectrum simulator. We demonstrated that the thin SWNT film is able to replace a simultaneously p-doped a-Si layer and transparent conductive electrode in conventional amorphous silicon thin film photovoltaics.

  12. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by St John of God Community Services Ltd, Louth

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McLaughlin, P D

    2014-04-01

    The aim was to assess the performance of low-dose non-contrast CT of the urinary tract (LD-CT) acquired at radiation exposures close to that of abdominal radiography using adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR).

  13. Role of amorphous silicon domains on Er3+ emission in the Er-doped hydrogenated amorphous silicon suboxide film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈长勇; 陈维德; 李国华; 宋淑芳; 丁琨; 许振嘉

    2003-01-01

    An investigation on the correlation between amorphous Si (a-Si) domains and Er3+ emission in the Er-doped hydrogenated amorphous silicon suboxide (a-Si:O:H) film is presented. On one hand, a-Si domains provide sufficient carriers for Er3+ carrier-mediated excitation which has been proved to be the highest excitation path for Er3+ ion; on the other hand, hydrogen diffusion from a-Si domains to amorphous silicon oxide (a-SiOx) matrix during annealing has been found and this possibly decreases the number of nonradiative centres around Er3+ ions. This study provides a better understanding of the role of a-Si domains on Er3+ emission in a-Si:O:Hfilms.

  14. Carbon nanotube-amorphous silicon hybrid solar cell with improved conversion efficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funde, Adinath M; Nasibulin, Albert G; Syed, Hashmi Gufran; Anisimov, Anton S; Tsapenko, Alexey; Lund, Peter; Santos, J D; Torres, I; Gandía, J J; Cárabe, J; Rozenberg, A D; Levitsky, Igor A

    2016-05-01

    We report a hybrid solar cell based on single walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) interfaced with amorphous silicon (a-Si). The high quality carbon nanotube network was dry transferred onto intrinsic a-Si forming Schottky junction for metallic SWNT bundles and heterojunctions for semiconducting SWNT bundles. The nanotube chemical doping and a-Si surface treatment minimized the hysteresis effect in current-voltage characteristics allowing an increase in the conversion efficiency to 1.5% under an air mass 1.5 solar spectrum simulator. We demonstrated that the thin SWNT film is able to replace a simultaneously p-doped a-Si layer and transparent conductive electrode in conventional amorphous silicon thin film photovoltaics. PMID:27005494

  15. Hydrogen-free amorphous silicon with no tunneling states.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiao; Queen, Daniel R; Metcalf, Thomas H; Karel, Julie E; Hellman, Frances

    2014-07-11

    The ubiquitous low-energy excitations, known as two-level tunneling systems (TLSs), are one of the universal phenomena of amorphous solids. Low temperature elastic measurements show that e-beam amorphous silicon (a-Si) contains a variable density of TLSs which diminishes as the growth temperature reaches 400 °C. Structural analyses show that these a-Si films become denser and more structurally ordered. We conclude that the enhanced surface energetics at a high growth temperature improved the amorphous structural network of e-beam a-Si and removed TLSs. This work obviates the role hydrogen was previously thought to play in removing TLSs in the hydrogenated form of a-Si and suggests it is possible to prepare "perfect" amorphous solids with "crystal-like" properties for applications. PMID:25062205

  16. Weroli pankrotiprotsessi oleks saanud vältida / Hindrek Riikoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riikoja, Hindrek

    2005-01-01

    Aktsiaseltside Werol Tehased ja Biodiesel vahel sõlmitud lepingutest, mis on viinud Jõgeva maakohtu poolt AS-i Werol Tehased vastu algatatud pankrotimenetluseni. Vt. samas: Werol ei ole ajutise pankrotihalduriga rahul

  17. Non-contrast CT at comparable dose to an abdominal radiograph in patients with acute renal colic; impact of iterative reconstruction on image quality and diagnostic performance.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McLaughlin, P D

    2014-04-01

    The aim was to assess the performance of low-dose non-contrast CT of the urinary tract (LD-CT) acquired at radiation exposures close to that of abdominal radiography using adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR).

  18. Riik otsib Keila-Joa mõisale omanikku / Triin Olvet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olvet, Triin

    2006-01-01

    Riik müüb enampakkumisel Keila-Joa lossikompleksi koos viie hektari mõispargiga. Riigi Kinnisvara AS-i ja ostja vahel sõlmitavasse lepingusse kirjutatakse ka investeerimiskohustus muinsuskaitse eritingimustega

  19. Shtraf ot goroda za samostroi - v interessah tshastnogo biznesa / Andrei Akulistõi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Akulistõi, Andrei

    2006-01-01

    AS Glaskek soovib koostöös kohalike omavalitsustega ühtlustada suurte kortermajade fassaade, mis oleks ettevõttele jätkuvaks turuks akende tootmises. Projekti tutvustab ASi Glaskek nõukogu esimees Vladimir Obershneider

  20. Royal Service on Eesti mainekaim üritusturundusfirma / Eda-Liis Kann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kann, Eda-Liis, 1979-

    2005-01-01

    Turu-uuringute AS-i korraldatud üritusturunduse ettevõtete maineuuringust selgus, et kõige mainekamad Eestis on Royal Service, Event Masters, Broadline ja Sinine Elevant. Kõige madalama mainega on Tequila