WorldWideScience

Sample records for arvestuse kohaselt vib

  1. Finantsinstrumendid ja nende arvestus Eesti hea raamatupidamistava alusel / Maire Otsus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Otsus-Carpenter, Maire, 1961-

    2008-01-01

    Finantsinstrumentide mõistest, sisust ja arvestuse põhimõtetest raamatupidamise seaduse ja Raamatupidamise Toimkonna juhendite põhjal. Lisatud: tuletisinstrumendid: forward, optsioon, swap, võlakiri ; näide 1: forwardleping ; näide 2: optsioon

  2. Carbide-forming groups IVB-VIB metals: a new territory in the periodic table for CVD growth of graphene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Zhiyu; Fu, Lei; Song, Xiuju; Zhang, Yanfeng; Liu, Zhongfan

    2014-07-09

    Early transition metals, especially groups IVB-VIB metals, can form stable carbides, which are known to exhibit excellent "noble-metal-like" catalytic activities. We demonstrate herein the applications of groups IVB-VIB metals in graphene growth using atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition technique. Similar to the extensively studied Cu, Ni, and noble metals, these transition-metal foils facilitate the catalytic growth of single- to few-layer graphene. The most attractive advantage over the existing catalysts is their perfect control of layer thickness and uniformity with highly flexible experimental conditions by in situ converting the dissolved carbons into stable carbides to fully suppress the upward segregation/precipitation effect. The growth performance of graphene on these transition metals can be well explained by the periodic physicochemical properties of elements. Our work has disclosed a new territory of catalysts in the periodic table for graphene growth and is expected to trigger more interest in graphene research.

  3. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray crystallographic studies of VibE, a vibriobactin-specific 2,3-dihydroxybenzoate-AMP ligase from Vibrio cholerae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu, Xiuhua; Wang, Zhi; Zhu, Deyu; Wei, Tiandi; Gu, Lichuan; Xu, Sujuan

    2011-01-01

    This article reports the molecular cloning, protein expression and purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray crystallographic analysis of the vibriobactin synthetase VibE from V. cholerae. Vibriobactin synthetases (VibABCDEFH) catalyze the biosynthesis of vibriobactin in the pathogenic bacterium Vibrio cholerae. VibE, a vibriobactin-specific 2,3-dihydroxybenzoate-AMP ligase, plays a critical role in the transfer of 2,3-dihydroxybenzoate to the aryl carrier protein domain of holo VibB. Here, the cloning, protein expression and purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray crystallographic analysis of VibE from V. cholerae are reported. The VibE crystal diffracted to 2.3 Å resolution. The crystal belonged to space group P2 1 , with unit-cell parameters a = 56.471, b = 45.927, c = 77.014 Å, β = 95.895°. There is one protein molecule in the asymmetric unit, with a corresponding Matthews coefficient of 1.63 Å 3 Da −1 and solvent content of 24.41%

  4. Vib--rotational energy distributions and relaxation processes in pulsed HF chemical lasers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ben-Shaul, A.; Kompa, K.L.; Schmailzl, U.

    1976-01-01

    The rate equations governing the temporal evolution of photon densities and level populations in pulsed F+H 2 →HF+H chemical lasers are solved for different initial conditions. The rate equations are solved simultaneously for all relevant vibrational--rotational levels and vibrational--rotational P-branch transitions. Rotational equilibrium is not assumed. Approximate expressions for the detailed state-to-state rate constants corresponding to the various energy transfer processes (V--V, V--R,T, R--R,T) coupling the vib--rotational levels are formulated on the basis of experimental data, approximate theories, and qualitative considerations. The main findings are as follows: At low pressures, R--T transfer cannot compete with the stimulated emission, and the laser output largely reflects the nonequilibrium energy distribution in the pumping reaction. The various transitions reach threshold and decay almost independently and simultaneous lasing on several lines takes place. When a buffer gas is added in excess to the reacting mixture, the enhanced rotational relaxation leads to nearly single-line operation and to the J shift in lasing. Laser efficiency is higher at high inert gas pressures owing to a better extraction of the internal energy from partially inverted populations. V--V exchange enhances lasing from upper vibrational levels but reduces the total pulse intensity. V--R,T processes reduce the efficiency but do not substantially modify the spectral output distribution. The photon yield ranges between 0.4 and 1.4 photons/HF molecule depending on the initial conditions. Comparison with experimental data, when available, is fair

  5. VIB1, a link between glucose signaling and carbon catabolite repression, is essential for plant cell wall degradation by Neurospora crassa.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Xiong

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Filamentous fungi that thrive on plant biomass are the major producers of hydrolytic enzymes used to decompose lignocellulose for biofuel production. Although induction of cellulases is regulated at the transcriptional level, how filamentous fungi sense and signal carbon-limited conditions to coordinate cell metabolism and regulate cellulolytic enzyme production is not well characterized. By screening a transcription factor deletion set in the filamentous fungus Neurospora crassa for mutants unable to grow on cellulosic materials, we identified a role for the transcription factor, VIB1, as essential for cellulose utilization. VIB1 does not directly regulate hydrolytic enzyme gene expression or function in cellulosic inducer signaling/processing, but affects the expression level of an essential regulator of hydrolytic enzyme genes, CLR2. Transcriptional profiling of a Δvib-1 mutant suggests that it has an improper expression of genes functioning in metabolism and energy and a deregulation of carbon catabolite repression (CCR. By characterizing new genes, we demonstrate that the transcription factor, COL26, is critical for intracellular glucose sensing/metabolism and plays a role in CCR by negatively regulating cre-1 expression. Deletion of the major player in CCR, cre-1, or a deletion of col-26, did not rescue the growth of Δvib-1 on cellulose. However, the synergistic effect of the Δcre-1; Δcol-26 mutations circumvented the requirement of VIB1 for cellulase gene expression, enzyme secretion and cellulose deconstruction. Our findings support a function of VIB1 in repressing both glucose signaling and CCR under carbon-limited conditions, thus enabling a proper cellular response for plant biomass deconstruction and utilization.

  6. Metastable Structural Phases of Metals in Columns IVB to Vib, and Rows 4 TO 6 OF the Periodic Table

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nnolim, Neme; Tyson, Trevor

    2002-03-01

    Total energy calculations as a function of strain along the direction have been carried out for the bcc metals V, Nb, Ta, Cr, Mo and W, and the hcp metals Ti, Zr and Hf, all in the block of the periodic table defined by columns IVB to VIB, and rows 4 to 6. Since strain along the direction corresponds to variation of the c lattice constant with respect to the a lattice constant, the total energy per unit cell has being calculated as a function of the c/a ratio. The highly accurate FP-LAPW (Full Potential Linearized Augmented Plane Wave) band structure method in the DFT (Density Functional Theory) formalism has been used for the calculations. In all cases except for the hcp column IVB elements, Zr, Hf and Ti, a metastable state was predicted from the calculations. Electronic properties are computed for all structures and are correlated with electrical and mechanical properties of metastable phases that have been observed experimentally. Properties of metastable phases, which were predicted in this work but which as of yet have not been observed experimentally, have also been predicted. Special attention is paid to the phases of tantalum and calculated transport properties are used to show that the observed high resistivity of the beta phase of tantalum relative to the alpha bcc phase cannot be explained solely by simple tetragonal distortions of the bcc phase.

  7. Genome sequencing and transcriptome analysis of Trichoderma reesei QM9978 strain reveals a distal chromosome translocation to be responsible for loss of vib1 expression and loss of cellulase induction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanova, Christa; Ramoni, Jonas; Aouam, Thiziri; Frischmann, Alexa; Seiboth, Bernhard; Baker, Scott E; Le Crom, Stéphane; Lemoine, Sophie; Margeot, Antoine; Bidard, Frédérique

    2017-01-01

    The hydrolysis of biomass to simple sugars used for the production of biofuels in biorefineries requires the action of cellulolytic enzyme mixtures. During the last 50 years, the ascomycete Trichoderma reesei , the main source of industrial cellulase and hemicellulase cocktails, has been subjected to several rounds of classical mutagenesis with the aim to obtain higher production levels. During these random genetic events, strains unable to produce cellulases were generated. Here, whole genome sequencing and transcriptomic analyses of the cellulase-negative strain QM9978 were used for the identification of mutations underlying this cellulase-negative phenotype. Sequence comparison of the cellulase-negative strain QM9978 to the reference strain QM6a identified a total of 43 mutations, of which 33 were located either close to or in coding regions. From those, we identified 23 single-nucleotide variants, nine InDels, and one translocation. The translocation occurred between chromosomes V and VII, is located upstream of the putative transcription factor vib1 , and abolishes its expression in QM9978 as detected during the transcriptomic analyses. Ectopic expression of vib1 under the control of its native promoter as well as overexpression of vib1 under the control of a strong constitutive promoter restored cellulase expression in QM9978, thus confirming that the translocation event is the reason for the cellulase-negative phenotype. Gene deletion of vib1 in the moderate producer strain QM9414 and in the high producer strain Rut-C30 reduced cellulase expression in both cases. Overexpression of vib1 in QM9414 and Rut-C30 had no effect on cellulase production, most likely because vib1 is already expressed at an optimal level under normal conditions. We were able to establish a link between a chromosomal translocation in QM9978 and the cellulase-negative phenotype of the strain. We identified the transcription factor vib1 as a key regulator of cellulases in T. reesei whose

  8. A molecular beam study of the one, two, and three photon photodissociation mechanism of the group VIB (Cr,Mo,W) hexacarbonyls at 248 nm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Venkataraman, B.; Hou, H.; Zhang, Z.; Chen, S.; Bandukwalla, G.; Vernon, M.

    1990-01-01

    Photodissociation of the group VIB (Cr,Mo,W) hexacarbonyls has been studied at 248 nm using molecular beam photofragment spectroscopy. One, two and three photon processes have been observed. Analysis of the product velocity distributions shows that the photodissociation mechanism consists of sequential CO eliminations with the nth photon channel best described as the single photon photodissociation of the stable products of the n-1st photon channel. The product translational energy distribution for the first CO elimination step is quantitatively similar for all three hexacarbonyls and characteristic of a repulsive translational energy release. The product translational energy distributions of all subsequent CO elimination steps are accurately described by a simple, microcanonical model. Qualitative molecular orbital considerations suggest that the large product translational energy observed in the first CO elimination step results from a repulsive σ interaction between the closed shell CO ligand and an excited molecular orbital which has a significant admixture of metal (n+1)p z , (n+1)s and nd z 2 orbitals. This repulsive interaction is absent in the remaining CO elimination steps because there are vacancies in the coordination shell along the z axis

  9. Maksukohustuse täitmise preventiivne tagamine ehk kuidas õigusriigile kohaselt ennustada / Kaido Künnapas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künnapas, Kaido, 1985-

    2018-01-01

    Euroopa Inimõiguste Kohtu kujundatud miinimumstandardid maksude tasumise tagamiseks omandisse sekkumisel, preventiivsete tõkendite süsteemist Eestis ja Ameerika Ühendriikides, riigivastutuse probleemidest preventiivsete tõkendite puhul. Artikkel põhineb autori doktoritööl "Maksukohustuse täitmise preventiivne tagamine enne maksukohustuse tuvastamist: ettevaatuspõhimõte maksumenetluses"

  10. Aids röövib miljoneid elusid / Merit Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Merit, 1969-

    2001-01-01

    ÜRO Aidsiprogrammi (UN-AIDS) ja Maailma Tervishoiuorganisatsiooni eile avaldatud aastaaruandest selgub, et aasta jooksul on maailmas registreeritud umbes viis miljonit uut nakatunut ehk iga päev saab viiruse 14 000 inimest

  11. Eesti majandust läbiva materjalivoo arvestus = Economy-wide material flow account of Estonia / Eda Grüner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grüner, Eda

    2010-01-01

    Materjalipõhiste bilansside põhjal koostatud materjalivoo indikaatorite (kodumaine toormekasutus, ressursitootlikkus ja füüsilise väliskaubanduse bilanss) abil iseloomustatakse Eesti majanduse materjalikasutust ning tootlikkust aastatel 2000-2007. Võrdlus Euroopa Liidu näitajatega. Graafikud, diagrammid

  12. Physico-chemical properties of M2sup(VB)N3sup(VIB) compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hanafi, Z.M.; Alzewel, K.A.; Ibrahim, E.M.H.; Abou Sekkina, M.M.

    1975-01-01

    Antimony trioxide, antimony trisulphide, antimony triselenide and antimony tritelluride are prepared in high purity and their infrared absorption spectra are examined in the range (200-5,000 cm -1 ). The intensity and number of absorption bands change towards ill defined ones on going from antimony trioxide to antimony tritelluride. The positions of the absorption bands are shifted towards lower wave numbers in the same direction. This is correlated to a decrease in bond strength and electronegativity difference on going from antimony trioxide to antimony tritelluride. (orig./AK) [de

  13. NATO "röövib" Eestilt kogu jõueliidi / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2008-01-01

    Bukarestis toimuvatel NATO tippkohtumisega seotud üritustel esindavad Eestit president Toomas Hendrik Ilves, peaminister Andrus Ansip, välisminister Urmas Paet, kaitseminister Jaak Aaviksoo ja kaitseväe juhataja kindralmajor Ants Laaneots. Poliitikute päevakavast. President T. H. Ilves esineb NATO temaatikaga tegelevate noorteorganisatsioonide esindajate konverentsil ning mõttekoja German Marshall Fund korraldataval konverentsil "The Bucharest Conference". Vabariigi President töövisiidil Bukarestis 1.-3.04.2008

  14. Töö röövib lastelt vanemad / Marion Pajumets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pajumets, Marion

    2012-01-01

    Triin Roosalu Tallinna Ülikoolis kaitstud doktoriväitekirjast "Taking care of children and work in Estonian society : running out of post-socialist time?", mis käsitleb Eesti töö ja pereelu ühitamise mudelit

  15. Drivers of the Estonian accounting system in the harmonization process with the European framework / Toomas Haldma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haldma, Toomas, 1957-

    2005-01-01

    Analüüsi tulemusena selgus, et enam on mõjutanud Eesti arvestussüsteemi raamatupidamisregulatsioonide eristumine maksundusest, arenev arvestuse kutseala ja arvestuse riiklike regulatsioonide paindlikkus ning strateegiline suunitlus

  16. Ilusalt lugemine ehk võistulausumine Linnateatris / Riin Aljas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aljas, Riin

    2008-01-01

    Vabariiklikust etlejate konkursist. 4.-6. klasside arvestuses võitis Grand Prix' Markkus Pulk, laureaatideks tulid Maria Pihlak, Kenneth Norden ja Laura Elisabeth Konsand. 7.-9. klasside arvestuses võitis Grand Prix' Anna Talvi, laureaatideks tulid Liisa Saaremäel, Karmen Kozma, Riko Osila. 10.-12. klasside arvestuses võitis Grand Prix' Doris Tääker, laureaatideks tulid Jörgen Liik, Virgo Ernits ja Ilja Massalov

  17. About Influence of Ionic Beams of Metals of IVB-VIB Groups on Structure and Properties of a Target at Various Modes of Irradiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurbatova, E. I.; Klimanov, V. A.; Ksenofontov, A. I.; Fridlyander, I. N.

    2006-08-01

    A complex of special properties of materials and a threshold of their working temperatures which is frequently limited 500-550°C define the level of modern technological development and, first of all, for nuclear-industrial plants. The alloys on the basis of iron are the most widespread kind of constructional materials, and therefore an increase of their special properties (high-temperature strength, corrosion stability, durability and other characteristics) is of great value. The ionic beams with a low energy (300-1,500 eV) which can change the structure and the properties of a target, in particular iron and its alloys were used for the solution of these problems in the present work. In this work theoretical and experimental results of the research of the process of impact interaction of the ionic beams with iron are also given. The properties of a iron surface with the help of modern methods of physical and chemical analyse are investigated. The opportunities to produce new surface properties of iron using the ionic beams are shown. On the basis of the results obtained the supplementary work directions are analyzed.

  18. Corrigendum to "A semi-empirical airfoil stall noise model based on surface pressure measurements" [J. Sound Vib. 387 (2017) 127-162

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertagnolio, Franck; Madsen, Helge Aa.; Fischer, Andreas; Bak, Christian

    2018-06-01

    In the above-mentioned paper, two model formulae were tuned to fit experimental data of surface pressure spectra measured in various wind tunnels. They correspond to high and low Reynolds number flow scalings, respectively. It turns out that there exist typographical errors in both formulae numbered (9) and (10) in the original paper. There, these formulae read:

  19. Hillary Clinton sai kolmes osariigis valusalt lüüa / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    USA presidendi eelvalimistel võitis Barack Obama oma pearivaali Hillary Clintonit nii Louisianas, Nebraskas kui Washingtonis ja sisuliselt viigistas üleriigilise parteidelegaatide arvestuse. Vt. samas: Huckabee ei anna ikka veel alla

  20. Milline on Eesti kõige edukam reklaamiagentuur? / Andres Eilart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eilart, Andres

    2003-01-01

    Eesti Reklaamiagentuuride Liidu arvestuse järgi on agentuuritulult edukaim reklaamifirma Eestis Kontuur Leo Burnett, Kuldmuna reklaamikonkursil oli aga edukaim reklaamiagentuuride liitu mitte kuuluv Zoom Ogilvy. Tabelid: Kuldmuna 2002 konkursi võitjad erinevates kategooriates ; reklaamiagentuuride pingerida agentuuritulu alusel.

  1. Ametnike teenistuslehed kui ajalooallikas Eestimaa kubermanguvalitsuse arhiivifondi näitel / Ilja Davõdov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davõdov, Ilja

    2016-01-01

    Teenistulehed kui ametnikkonna arvestuse peamine dokument. Teenistuslehe formularist. Kubermanguvalitsusest ja ametnikkonna struktuurist. Isikutoimikute kogumist Eestimaa kubermanguvalitsuse fondis (nimistu nr 13). Isikutoimikute süstematiseerimisest kronoloogiliselt ja ametkondliku kuuluvuse järgi. Isikutoimikute representatiivsusest

  2. Harvardis õppiv eestlane väitles end maailmameistriks / Martin Kiik ; intervjueerinud Merle Must

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiik, Martin

    2013-01-01

    Intervjuu Harvardi ülikoolis õppiva eestlase Martin Kiigega, kes saavutas ülikoolide väitluse maailmameistrivõistlustel inglise keelt teise keelena kõnelevate võistlejate arvestuses maailmameistritiitli

  3. Pärnu jäämees taliolümpial / Kadi Lehtmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehtmets, Kadi

    2006-01-01

    Milaano eelkonkursil valiti Üllar Kallau osalema Torino olümpiamängude kultuuriprogrammis jääskulptuuride valmistamisel. Kunstnik võistleb abstraktsete tööde arvestuses. Teemaks korraldajatelt "L'Arte Italiana"

  4. Aasta kõige ägedama loodusfoto tegi Remo Savisaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Ajakirja "Eesti Loodus" 2011. a. fotovõistlusest, tutvustab ajakirja peatoimetaja Toomas Kukk. Loomafotode üldarvestuse peaauhind - Remo Savisaar. Taimefotode peaauhind - Sven Začek, noorte arvestuses Karl Kaisel. Seenefotode peaauhind - Jan Lepamaa

  5. Eesti põllumajandusest 1999. aastal / Katrin Noorkõiv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noorkõiv, Katrin, 1973-

    2000-01-01

    Põllumajandusministeeriumi ülevaade koostamisel Eesti põllumajandusest aastal 1999 on rakendatud ühtse põllumajandussektori majandusliku arvestuse metoodikat (EAA - Economic accounts for agriculture). Tabelid, diagrammid

  6. Ratsasport : parimad 2008

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Takistussõidu, koolisõidu, kolmevõistluse ja kestvusratsutamise kõikide vanuseklasside ja hobuste arvestuse 2008. aasta 10 parimat, samuti maailma FEI Rolex Rankingu ja koolisõidu parimad ning eestlaste kohad nendes tabelites

  7. FW Euroopa meistrivõistlused Rhodosel / Henri Kaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaar, Henri

    2005-01-01

    5.-12. juunini toimusid Kreekas lahtised Euroopa meistrvõistlused Formula Windsurfingus. 2005. aasta Euroopa meistriks tuli prantslane Antoine Albeau. Eestlastest sai 35-aastaste arvestuses kolmanda koha Martin Ervin

  8. President Ilves autasustas esseekonkursi võitjaid / Kristel Peterson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peterson, Kristel

    2007-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves autasustas 22. juunil 2007 Kadriorus esseevõistluse "Millises Eestis ma tahan elada?" võitjaid. Töid hinnati põhikooliõpilaste, keskkooliõpilaste ning täiskasvanute arvestuses

  9. The impact of the EU support measures to Estonian agriculture / Sirli Jurjev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jurjev, Sirli, 1976-

    2003-01-01

    Ülevaade praegusel ajal Eestis makstavatest põllumajandustoetustest ning EL-i ühtse põllumajanduspoliitika ja selle reformiga kehtestatud toetusskeemidest. Kalkulatsiooni aluseks on Eurostati metoodikal põhinev põllumajanduse majanduslik arvestus. Tabelid

  10. V Las-Vegas so statujei Svobodõ / Katrin Sangla, Gerly Tinn, Tamara Korjagina ; interv. Alina Zelimhanova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sangla, Katrin

    2002-01-01

    Küsitletakse soengukunsti maailmameistrivõistlustel Hair World 2002 Las-Vegases osalenud juuksur Tamara Korjaginat, jumestuskunstnik Katrin Sanglat ja moekunstnik Gerly Tinni võistluse kohta. Saavutasid võiskondlikus arvestuses kolmanda koha

  11. Noored etlejad võistlesid Jüris / Kristina Amor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Amor, Kristina

    2008-01-01

    Jüri Gümnaasiumis toimunud Eesti VIII õpilasetlejate konkursi Harjumaa voorust. Žüriisse kuulusid: Maret Oomer, Lilian Urba, Ingrid Pukk. 4.-6. klasside arvestuses sai I koha Kenneth Norden, II koha Merilin Mölder ja III koha Loora-Eliisabet Lomp. 7.-9. klasside arvestuses sai I koha Indrek Jõe, II koha Raul Kuldvee, III koha Birgit Luht. 10.-12. klasside arvestues sai I koha Ilja Massalov

  12. Kättemaksu tund läheneb - hangunud verele ülesklopsitud röövriik hävib! : vastupanuliikumise salatrükikoda "Punker Tiiu" Kambja vallas 1947.-1948. aastal / Tiit Noormets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noormets, Tiit, 1959-

    2006-01-01

    Põrandaaluse salatrükikoja أPunker Tiiuؤ (1947-1948) tegevusest, lendlehtede levitamisest Tartumaal. Dokument: "Väljavõte ENSV RJM Tartu linna osakonna 2-N jaoskonna tööaruandest 1949. a. septembrikuu kohta"

  13. Response to Comments on: "Nonlinear phenomena, bifurcations, and routes to chaos in an asymmetrically supported rotor-stator contact system" by Philip Varney, Itzhak Green [J. Sound Vib. 336 (2015) 207-226

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varney, Philip; Green, Itzhak

    2017-11-01

    The authors would like to thank the discussers for their interest in the paper. The discussers raise several objections to the original work; namely, that the state-space equations of motion were derived incorrectly, thus rendering the original results incorrect by association. In actuality, the error in the original state-space equations (Eq. (16) in the original work) is typographic only. This, in conjunction with a typographic error in Table A1, prevented the discussers from replicating a subset of the original results (though the discussers were able to replicate many of the results presented in the original work, despite the presumed error in the equations). These typographic errors are rectified here. In addition, results are presented here corresponding to the solution that would have been obtained had the state-space equations been incorrect in the manner presumed by the discussers. Finally, the discussers state that the results presented in the original work do not adhere to physical principles because the steady-state solution in one case indicates contact even though the linear response to imbalance is less than the radial clearance. This seeming discrepancy is also addressed here.

  14. Kuressaarest kaks laureaaditiitlit / Riina Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Riina, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Maakondlikust etlejate konkursist. Žüriisse kuulusid Maret Oomer, Asta Leiten ja Kalle Piiskoppel. 5.-7. klasside arvestuses I koht: Marleen Petersell. Äramärkimist leidsid: Kristian Käresk, Maarja-Liis Mölder ja Anita Tuula. 7.-9. klasside arvestuses I koht: Oliver Taul. Esile tõsteti: Rauno Reinas, Riko Osila, Linda Maisväli ja Piia Puuraid. 10.-12. klasside arvestuses I koht: Karl Sakrits. Ära märgiti: Elin Küti, Virgo Ernits, Maria Orb. Kommenteerisid Asta Leiten, Liann Saage-Vahur. Ka Kuressaares toimunud vabariiklikust etlejate konkursist, kommentaare jagasid Merle Rekaya, Rita Ilves. Zhürisse kuulusid Aare Toikka, Tiina Rebane, Hans Kaldoja, Kristiina Omer ja Keete Viira. Peapreemia nooremas vanuseastmes Markkus Pulgale, keskmises vanuseastmes Anna Talvile ja vanemas vanuseastmes Doris Täkkerile.

  15. Ülemaaline ilulugejate 15. võistulausumine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Vabariiklikust etlejate konkursist. 4.-6. klasside arvestuses võitis Grand Prix'i Markkus Pulk, laureaatideks tulid Maria Pihlak, Kenneth Norden ja Laura Elisabeth Konsand. Eripreemiad said Laura Oolup, Maria Zaitseva, žürii aitähi said Sander Aavik ja Liisa Lutter. 7.-9. klasside arvestuses võitis Grand Prix' Anna Talvi, laureaatideks tulid Liisa Saaremäel, Karmen Kozma, Riko Osila. Eripreemiad said Indrek Jõe, Eliise Seedre, žürii aitähi sai Kirke Algma. 10.-12. klasside arvestuses võitis Grand Prix' Doris Tääker, laureaatideks tulid Jörgen Liik, Virgo Ernits ja Ilja Massalov. eripreemiad said Marian Heinat ja Kadri Toomsalu. Kuressaare Gümnaasiumi õpilasžürii preemiad läksid Kenneth Nordenile, Riko Osilale ja Doris Tääkerile

  16. Parim proosalugeja köitis küpsusega / Marika Rajamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rajamäe, Marika, 1952-

    2008-01-01

    Toimus viies üle-eestiline proosalugemine "Hansenist Tammsaareni". Mõtteid võistulugemise kohta avaldavad konkursi algataja Enda Trubok, Järva maavalitsuse haridus- ja kultuuriosakonna peainspektor Anne Viljat, Eesti emakeeleõpetajate seltsi esimees Piret Järvela, žürii esimees Iivi Lepik, konkursil võistelnud Merilin Kulpsoo. Peavõidu sai Sabine Liias, V-VII klasside arvestuses läks I koht Sabine Liiasele, II koht Kristian Käreskile, III koht Kristiina Orasele. VIII-IX arvestuses läks I koht Katriin Altementile, II koht Indrek Jõele, III koht Linda Randojale. X-XII klasside arvestuses võitis Kaire Olesk, II koha saii Sten-Robert Pullerits ning III koha Katrin Ojalill

  17. Rahvaarvu kasv tekitab probleeme ka Eestis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Prognoosi kohaselt võib Viimsi valla elanike hulk teatud tingimustel tulevikus suureneda kolm korda. Statistikaameti kogumikust "Linnad ja vallad arvudes. 2005. Cities and Rural Municipalities in Figures"

  18. Šveitsi pank leiab Forekspangale raha / Kaja Koovit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koovit, Kaja, 1968-

    1998-01-01

    Forekspank ja Shveitis Ueberseepank allkirjastasid lepingu, mille kohaselt aitab Šveitsi pank Forekspanga omakapitali laiendada ja strateegilist partnerit leida. Venemaa Pioneer-panga aktsiate ostmine

  19. Uuring: korruptsioon Eestis väheneb / Gert D. Hankewitz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hankewitz, Gert D.

    2006-01-01

    Korruptsioonivastase agentuuri Transparency International avalikustatud andmete kohaselt on Eesti rahvusvahelises korruptsioonitajumise indeksi tabelis 24. kohal. Tabel. Vt. samas: Gruusias suur korruptsioonioht

  20. Venemaa kukkus korruptsioonitabelis 17 koha võrra kehvemaks / Tiit Reinart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinart, Tiit, 1964-

    2007-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise korruptsioonivastase organisatsiooni Transparency International (TI) uuringu kohaselt on Venemaa 2007. aasta korruptsiooni tajumise indeksi tabelis 143. kohal. Tabel: Korruptsiooniindeksi tabel

  1. TsRU porezviloss v JesS

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Euroopa Parlamendis esitleti Šveitsi senaatori raportit, mille kohaselt mitmed Euroopa riigid on seotud CIA väidetavate salavanglate ja terrorikahtlusaluste transportimisega kolmandatesse riikidesse

  2. Referent Maire Liivamets võitis esseevõistluse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Esseevõistluse "Millises Eestis ma tahan elada?" korraldas Tartu Ülikooli eetikakeskus koostöös Vabariigi Presidendi mõttekoja, ajakirja Akadeemia ning Haridus- ja Teadusministeeriumiga. President Toomas Hendrik Ilves autasustas 22. juunil 2007 Kadriorus esseevõistluse võitjaid. Rahvusraamatukogu töötaja Maire Liivametsa essee tuli täiskasvanute arvestuses esikohale

  3. Maksuamet kutsus Paltsu aru andma / Silva Männik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Männik, Silva, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    Maksuamet alustas Tõnis Paltsi suhtes väärteoasja haldusõigusrikkumiste seadustiku alusel arvestuse pidamise nõuete eiramise pärast 2001. aasta jaanuarist oktoobrini, seonduvalt tema firma Pambos Holdings avansiaruannetega. Sellest tulenevalt kutsub Maksuamet ministrit ütluste andmiseks kohtuvälise menetleja juurde. Vt. samas: Segadused avansiaruandes võivad lõppeda maksunõudega.

  4. Ühekülgne ja tasakaalust väljas Eesti majandus / Andres Reimer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimer, Andres

    2009-01-01

    Eesti kaubandusbilanss on tervikuna kõikide riikide arvestuses juba peaaegu tasakaalus, kuid tasakaalustumine Eesti moodi on autori väitel käinud välisfinantseerimise peatumise, impordi kollapsi ja sisenõudluse vähenemise kaudu. Professor Richard Baldwini ja Euroopa Keskpanga ökonomisti Daria Taglioni artiklist majandusportaalis VoxEu

  5. IAS 36. Varade väärtuse langus. Kuidas seda arvestada? / Veronika Tugo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tugo, Veronika

    2011-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise finantsarvestuse standard IAS 36 määrab kindlaks vara väärtuse languse arvestuse reeglid ja kajastamise etapid. Raha genereerivad üksused, vara väärtuse langus ja sellest tuleneva kahjumi tühistamine

  6. "Koduperenaiste" tegelased auhinnata / Jaanus Noormets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noormets, Jaanus

    2006-01-01

    63. Kuldgloobuste tseremoonial kuulutati parimaks draamafilmiks "Brokebacki mägi" ("Brokeback Mountain"), parimaks filmiks komöödiate ja muusikalide arvestuses "Walk the Line - nagu noateral", parimaks draamasarjaks "Teadmata kadunud" ("Lost") ning komöödiasarjaks "Meeleheitel koduperenaised" ("Desperate Housewives"). Lisatud täielik laureaatide nimistu

  7. Title VI in '76: Review of Projects Funded Under P.L. 91-230 Title VI-B, Education of the Handicapped Act, as Amended by P.L. 93-380 and P.L. 94-142. Fiscal Year 1976.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee.

    Summarized are 89 projects which served exceptional students in all 67 Florida school districts and were funded during the 1975-76 school year under P.L. 91-230 Title VI B (Education of the Handicapped Act) as ammended by P.L. 93-380 and P.L. 94-142. Projects are divided into the following major areas; Florida Learning Resources System,…

  8. Designing a Virtual Item Bank Based on the Techniques of Image Processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Wen-Wei; Ho, Rong-Guey

    2011-01-01

    One of the major weaknesses of the item exposure rates of figural items in Intelligence Quotient (IQ) tests lies in its inaccuracies. In this study, a new approach is proposed and a useful test tool known as the Virtual Item Bank (VIB) is introduced. The VIB combine Automatic Item Generation theory and image processing theory with the concepts of…

  9. Montenegro iseseisvumine kõigub noateral / Arko Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Arko, 1981-

    2006-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 22. mai lk. 9. Eelseisvast iseseisvusreferendumist Montenegros: prognooside kohaselt osaleb referendumil rohkem kui 85 protsenti valijatest, iseseisvust toetab pool Montenegro elanikkonnast. Kaart, diagramm: Montenegro

  10. Euroopa Liidus viibivate pikaajaliste elanike õiguslik staatus muutub / Martin Karro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karro, Martin

    2006-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu direktiivist (2003/109/EÜ), mille kohaselt on EL-s pikaajaliselt elavatel kolmandate riikide kodanikel võrdsed õigused liikmesriigi kodanikega. Ka muudatustest Eesti seadusandluses seoses direktiiviga

  11. Rahapesu vastu võitlejad pole rahul advokaatidega / Aivar Pau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pau, Aivar

    2006-01-01

    Rahapesu andmebüroo (RAB) tegevusest ning rahapesu ja terrorismi rahastamise tõkestamise seaduse nõuetest, mille kohaselt on advokaatidel ja notaritel kohustus teavitada rahapesu kahtlusega tehingutest

  12. Haidary endised alluvad pääsesid trahviga / Mare Mere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mere, Mare

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna linnakohtu otsuse kohaselt peavad siiani politsei poolt tabamata Afganistani päritolu piimaärimehe Mohammad Yaqub Haidary endised alluvad pankrotistunud Rapla Dairy'st tasuma karistuseks maksupettuse eest 7000 kuni 20 000 krooni trahvi

  13. Venemaa meenutas 1998. aasta majanduskrahhi / Deniss Rutsheikov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rutsheikov, Deniss

    2003-01-01

    Venemaa majanduskrahhist 1998. aastal. Venemaa presidendi majandusnõuniku Andrei Illarionovi sõnul ei ole praegu rubla devalveerimise ohtu, kuid küsitlusfirma ROMIR Monitoring uuringu kohaselt arvab 78% venemaalastest, et majanduskriisi kordumine on võimalik

  14. Zagadka sfinksa / Vassili Nikodimov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nikodimov, Vassili

    2004-01-01

    Versioon Giza sfinksikuju saladuse lahendusest. Rajati ajavahemikus I saj. keskpaigast e. Kr. kuni I saj. kreeka-egiptuse traditsiooni kohaselt, kujutab Kleopatrat. Lisaks Vladislav Kisselevitshi sfinksiteemaline kirjutis "Ne vsjo tak prosto"

  15. America : It's not always about you / Gwynne Dyer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dyer, Gwynne

    2004-01-01

    Autor kritiseerib ameeriklaste ekslikku arusaama, mille kohaselt on islami terroristide tegevus suunatud eelkõige Ameerika Ühendriikide demokraatia ja heaoluühiskonna vastu ning selgitab islamiterrorismi reaalseid eesmärke

  16. 200 000 kroonine viga Reformierakonna aruandes / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Reformierakonna aruande kohaselt maksis Riigikogu liige Jaanus Rahumägi 200 000 krooni reklaamfirmale Droom. J. Rahumäe väitel ei ole ta firmale maksnud sentigi. Vt. samas intervjuud Jaanus Rahumäega

  17. MEPs : ban hammer, sickle and swastika

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Europarlamendi liikmete Vytautas Landsbergise ja Jozsef Szajeri avalduse kohaselt tuleks Euroopa Liidus ettevalmistatava seaduse raames, mis keelustaks natsisümboli - haakristi - kasutamise, keelata ka kommunismi sümboolika kasutamine

  18. Kohtueelses menetluses antud ütluste kasutamine kohtumenetluses EV Riigikohtu ja Euroopa Inimõiguste Kohtu seisukohad ning SE 599 rakendunud muutused : [bakalaureusetöö] / Agu Aver ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Eerik Kergandberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aver, Agu

    2012-01-01

    Eesti kriminaalmenetluse arengust, võistlevusest, Euroopa Inimõiguste ja Põhivabaduste kaitse konventsiooni artiklist 6 lõige 3 p (d), kohtueelses menetluses antud ütluste avaldamisest KrMS kohaselt, kuulduste keelust

  19. Eesti jalajälg on tohutu / Helen Urbanik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Urbanik, Helen

    2006-01-01

    Maailma Looduse Fond (WWF) avaldas raporti, mille kohaselt Eesti nn ökoloogiline jalajälg on maailmas suuruselt seitsmes. Lisaks tabel: Riikide ökoloogiline jalajälg inimese kohta aastal 2003 globaalsetes hektarites

  20. Ernesto Preatoni soovis end 100 miljoni eest vabaks osta / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Prokurör Laura Vaik põhjendab, miks ta loobus tema enda ja Itaalia ärimehe Ernesto Preatoni advokaatide vahel sõlmitud esialgsest kokkuleppest, mille kohaselt oleks Preatoni maksnud riigile kokku 100 mln krooni

  1. Juhatuse esimeheks saavad eelkõige finantsjuhid / Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salu, Mikk, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    Instituto de Empresa teadlane Monika Hamor uuris 500 suurema USA ja 300 suurema Euroopa firma juhatuste esimeeste varasemat karjääri, uuringu kohaselt on umbes viiendik juhte tõusnud tippjuhiks finantsvaldkonna kaudu

  2. Energia suurtootjatele kehtestatakse CO₂ maks / Sander Silm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Silm, Sander, 1970-

    1999-01-01

    Eesti soojusetootjad peaksid mõtlema taastuvate energiaallikate kasutamise peale, sest saastetasuseaduse kohaselt hakkavad järgmisest aastast alates need energiaettevõtted, kes kasutavad küttena taastumatuid loodusvarasid maksma CO₂ maksu

  3. Sojajoogid ja jogurt koguvad populaarsust / Kaire Uusen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uusen, Kaire

    2005-01-01

    Turu-uuringufirma ACNielsen uuris 59 riigis toiduainete tarbimist, uuringu kohaselt kasvab tervislike ja kehakaalu langetamist soodustavate toiduainete müük. Diagrammid: Suurima müügitulu kasvuga kaubad 2003.-2004. aastal. Lisa: Soja plussid

  4. Chavez ostab Venemaalt relvi / Olli Vesala

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vesala, Olli

    2006-01-01

    Venemaal riigivisiidil viibiv Venezuela president Hugo Chavez kirjutas alla relvatehingule, mille kohaselt Venezuela ostab Venemaalt 24 hävitajalennukit Su-30 ja 53 lahinguhelikopterit Mi-35. Lisa: Hugo Chavezi maailmaturnee

  5. Uuring : 3G vajab läbilöögiks televisiooni / Askur Alas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alas, Askur, 1973-

    2004-01-01

    Analysys'i uuringu kohaselt võivad need mobiilsideoperaatorid, kes pakuvad 3G võrgus televisiooni või filmide vaatamise võimalust, olla edukamad kui need, kes piirduvad ainult heli ja tavalise andmeside võimalustega

  6. 1 : ehitusmaterjalide ja -toodete kajastamisest ehitusprojektis / Kristjan Tamm, Veiko Vaske

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Kristjan

    2013-01-01

    Terminoloogiast ja mõistetest ehitusseaduse, asjaõigusseaduse, määruse "Nõuded ehitusprojektile" ja standardite EV 811:2012 ning EVS 907:2010 kohaselt. Ehitusprojektist kui tellija juhisest eraõiguslikes suhetes ja riigihanke menetluses

  7. Eesti muutus äriteenuste pakkujatele atraktiivsemaks asukohaks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Ülemaailmse nõustamisfirma A.T. Kearney 2011. a. veebruaris avaldatud ülevaatest "Global Services Location Index". Uurimuse kohaselt on Eesti asukoht äriteenuste valdkonnas atraktiivsuselt 11. kohal

  8. Sotsiaalabi - viimane abinõu vaesuse vastu / Pille Liimal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liimal, Pille

    2004-01-01

    Uue hoolekande kontseptsiooni kohaselt tuleb sotsiaalabi vajajatele osutada ka tööturuteenuseid, nõustamist, sotsiaalset rehabilitatsiooni jne. Joon.: toimetulekupiiri kindlustamiseks arvestatud toetuste summa 1998-2003

  9. Kes peab posti- või Interneti-müügi lepingust taganemisel kandma esialgsed postikulud? : Euroopa Kohtu otsus asjas Handelsgesellschaft Heinrich Heine GmbH vs. Verbraucherzentrale Nordrhein-Westfalen e.V. / Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sein, Karin, 1974-

    2010-01-01

    Euroopa Kohtu lahendist, mille kohaselt on Euroopa Liidu kaugmüügidirektiiviga vastuolus müügilepingu klauslid, mille järgi lepingust taganemise korral esialgseid postikulusid tellijatele ei tagastata

  10. The problem of the autocatalytic origin of culture in Juri Lotman's cultural philosophy / Linnar Priimägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priimägi, Linnar, 1954-

    2005-01-01

    Kultuuri ülesehitusest ja funktsioonidest Juri Lotmani kultuurifilosofias. Kultuuri autokatalüütilisuses on paradoks, mille kohaselt kultuur ei saa tekkida millegi muu kui kultuuri olemasolu eeldusel

  11. Põhja-Eesti pankrannik ei saa UNESCO maailmapärandiks / Tiia Linnard

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnard, Tiia, 1962-

    2006-01-01

    Vt. ka Severnoje Poberezhje 8. juuli. Keskkonnaministeerium võttis tagasi UNESCO maailmapärandi komiteele esitatud avalduse kanda Põhja-Eesti pankrannik maailmapärandi nimekirja, kuna eelinfo kohaselt jääks taotlus rahuldamata

  12. Pooled eurooplased annavad euroliidule skeptilise hinnangu / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2006-01-01

    Ligi 25 000 inimest hõlmanud Eurobaromeetri uuringu "Euroopa tulevik" kohaselt arvab vaid 39%, et EL liigub õiges suunas, vaid 29% lätlastest peab EL-i kuulumist heaks. Lisa: Eestlased: EL-i suund on õige

  13. Erikomitee soovitab ekspeaministri hooletuse pärast kohtusse anda / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2010-01-01

    Islandi parlamendi erikomitee otsuse kohaselt on alust süüdistada endist peaministrit Geir Haardet, endist välisministrit Ingibjorg Solrun Gisladottirit, endist rahandusministrit Arni Mathieseni ja endist majandusministrit Bjorgvin Sigurdssoni riigi langemises finants- ja majanduskriisi

  14. Kuningas loodab teha kirgliku lavastuse : "Jevgeni Oneginist" saab Eesti ja Soome ooperikoolituse alustala

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Sibeliuse akadeemia ja Eesti muusikaakadeemia lauluosakonna juhatajad allkirjastasid ühiste kavatsuste protokolli, mille kohaselt tuuakse ühiste jõududega välja Pjotr Tshaikovski ooper "Jevgeni Onegin"

  15. Многие страны погрязли в коррупции / Инга Хёглунд

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Хёглунд, Инга

    2010-01-01

    Transparency International'i korruptsioonitajumise indeksi (CPI) kohaselt on korruptsioon tõsiseks probleemiks pea 74 protsendile maailma riikidele. Eesti asub 26. kohal 178 riigi seas. Korruptsiooni tajumine üle maailma

  16. Lõviosa maailma riikidest maadleb korruptsiooniga / Inga Höglund

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Höglund, Inga

    2010-01-01

    Transparency International'i korruptsioonitajumise indeksi (CPI) kohaselt on korruptsioon tõsiseks probleemiks pea 74 protsendile maailma riikidele. Eesti asub 26. kohal 178 riigi seas. Korruptsiooni tajumine üle maailma

  17. Peaprokurör: kaevake kartellide peale! / Kadri Paas ; kommenteerinud Norman Aas ; Indrek, Kaju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paas, Kadri, 1982-

    2009-01-01

    Seaduseelnõust, mille kohaselt salajasest kartellileppest esimesena võimudele teatanud ettevõte pääseb vastutasuks karistusest. Kommenteerivad peaprokurör Norman Aas ning Neste Eesti peadirektor Indrek Kaju

  18. Vengrija i Slovakkia obvinjajut drug druga / Evelyn Kaldoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldoja, Evelyn, 1980-

    2008-01-01

    Ungari valitsusjuht Ferenc Gyurcsany ja tema Slovakkia ametivend Robert Fico kirjutasid alla lepingule, mille kohaselt lubasid võidelda ekstremismiga ja ohjeldada natsionalismiilminguid, et parandada kahe riigi omavahelisi suhteid

  19. Intelit kahtlustatakse konkurentsiseaduse rikkumises / Lauri Matsulevitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matsulevitsh, Lauri

    2005-01-01

    Juunis esitas Inteli konkurent Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) USAs kohtule kaebuse, mille kohaselt on Intel ebakohaste meetoditega veennud arvutifirmasid mitte kasutama AMD toodangut. Inteli kontrolli all on 90% Windowsi tarkvaral töötavate personaalarvutite mikroprotsessorite turust

  20. Vene firmas osaluse ostmine nõuab peaministri luba / Tiit Reinart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinart, Tiit, 1964-

    2008-01-01

    Venemaa seaduseelnõu "Välismaalaste juurdepääsust strateegilistele majandusharudele" kohaselt peavad välisettevõtted, kes kavatsevad soetada Venemaa strateegiliste ettevõtete nimekirja kuuluvate firmade aktsiaid, taotlema selleks luba peaministrilt

  1. KGB killer plaanis Savisaare mõrva / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Autor analüüsib dokumente, mille kohaselt vahistas Eriteenistus 1991. aasta augustis Andrei Stekolshtshikovi, kelle väidetavaks ülesandeks oli tappa peaminister Edgar Savisaar. Vt. samas: 17 aastat hiljem: mis neist on saanud?

  2. Telefon on kaotaja / Tõnu Vare

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vare, Tõnu, 1947-

    2003-01-01

    Computer Industry Alamac Inc ennustuse kohaselt suureneb Interneti kasutajate arv maailmas 2005. aastaks ligi miljardini ehk täpsemalt 945 miljoni inimeseni. Diagramm: Interneti kasutajate arv maailmas (miljonites)

  3. Studentsheskaja zarplata - put k bolshei dostupnosti võshego obrazovanija / Karel Rüütli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rüütli, Karel, 1978-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Za Narod nov. lk. 2. Tartu linnavolikogu liige Rahvaliidu ettepanekust, mille kohaselt peaksid õppekava järgi, millel on riiklik koolitustellimus, õppivad üliõpilased saama tudengipalka

  4. Bhutan tõrjus India oma asjade ajamiselt / Allan Espenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Espenberg, Allan

    2007-01-01

    Bhutani kuningas Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuk ja India president Abdul Kalam allkirjastasid lepingu, mille kohaselt saab Bhutan endale suuremad õigused ja vabadused iseseisvamalt välis- ja kaitsepoliitikat ajada

  5. Väljasõidud Tallinna linnavolikogus: ainult keskerakondlaste võimalus / Dannar Leitmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leitmaa, Dannar, 1982-

    2009-01-01

    Revisjonikomisjoni jõudnud aktist Tallinna visioonikonverentside korraldamisest, mille kohaselt toimus 17. augustil 2007. aastal Tallinki laeval Galaxy konverentsi ettevalmistamiseks seminarõppus, kus osalesid ainult Keskerakonna fraktsiooni liikmed

  6. Ericsson Euroopas üks suuremaid teadus- ja arendustööle kulutajaid / Annika Matson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matson, Annika, 1976-

    2004-01-01

    USA majandusajakiri BusinessWeek koostas kolm edetabelit firmadest, mis kulutavad enim raha teadus- ja arendustööks. Edetabeli kohaselt investeerib Ericsson Euroopa telekommunikatsioonitehnoloogia firmadest enim teadus- ja arendustööks. Diagramm

  7. In dubio pro aegroti / Ants Nõmper

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nõmper, Ants, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Kriminaalmenetluses kehtivast põhimõttest in dubio pro reo, mille kohaselt kõik kohtu arvates ebapiisavalt tõendatud asjaolud tuleb tõlgendada nii, nagu on kohtualusele kasulik. Patsiendikaitsest

  8. Väljastpoolt Euroopat Eestisse lendajate check-inþi aeg pikeneb / Jan Jõgis-Laats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgis-Laats, Jan

    2007-01-01

    1. juulist 2007 jõustunud riigipiiri seaduse muudatusest, mille kohaselt on lennufirmadel kohustus edastada piirivalvele Euroopa Liidu välistest riikidest Eestisse saabuvate lennureisijate isikuandmed. Lisatud: seadusemuudatuse nõuab lisaandmeid

  9. Feng shui viis elementi / Ann Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tenno, Ann, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Feng shui õpetuse kohaselt on viie põhielemendi vahelised suhted vastastikku loovad või hävitavad ja elementide kasutamisel oma isikliku ruumi kujundamisel tuleb arvestada eelkõige elementide omavahelisi seoseid

  10. Komisjoni kiuste avaldas Holland valimistulemuse / Arko Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Arko, 1981-

    2004-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjoni keelule ja karistusähvardusele vaatamata avaldasid Hollandi võimud europarlamendi valimiste tulemused, mille kohaselt said valitsevad kristlikud demokraadid 24,4 protsenti ja opositsioonilised sotsiaaldemokraadid 23,6 protsenti häältest

  11. Uus standard käänab majandustulemusi / Raivo Sormunen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sormunen, Raivo, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu liikmesriikide uutest rahvusvahelise finantsaruandluse standarditest, mille kohaselt peavad börsiettevõtted koostama oma aruanded vastavuses IFRS-iga hiljemalt 2005. aastal. Lisa: IFRS muudab aruanded läbipaistvamaks. Vt. samas: Eesrindlikud eestlased

  12. Next year's budget is a growth budget / Ella Karapetyan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karapetyan, Ella

    2010-01-01

    2011. aasta riigielarve eelnõu on Riigikokku jõudnud. Peaminister Andrus Ansip märkis, et Eestist pole veel majanduskriis kadunud, kuigi Euroopa Komisjoni prognoosi kohaselt peaks 2011. aastal Eestit Euroopa Liidu suurim majanduskasv ootama

  13. Riik võib Lilleküla staadioni lõpuni ehitamiseks laenu anda / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Rahandusministeeriumi hinnangu kohaselt võiks riik toetada Lilleküla jalgpallikompleksi valmimist osaliselt rahaliselt ja osaliselt alaliidule soodsalt laenu andes, eeltingimus on, et jalgpalliliit peab staadioni valmimiseks vajaminevast 90 miljonist kroonist katma vähemalt viiendiku

  14. Shvedõ pugajut juzhan, a nas uspokaivajut

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Rootsi totaalkaitseinstituudi (FOI) teadlaste ettekande kohaselt võib Venemaa saada üheks ebastabiilsuse koldeks maailmas oma sisekonfliktide tõttu, Hiinat ähvardavad siserahutused, Põhja-Euroopa võib vaadata tulevikku suhteliselt rahulikult.

  15. Portugal: uus valitsus, vanad probleemid. Reformidest pole pääsu / Katri Soe-Surén

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soe-Surén, Katri

    2011-01-01

    Valimiste-eelsete küsitluste kohaselt on Portugali ennetähtaegsetel parlamendivalimistel oodata võimuvahetust. EL-i ja IMF-i finantsabist Portugalile, Portugali säästuplaanist, plaanitavatest reformidest, erastamisprogrammist

  16. CIA salalendude võrk võis ulatuda 14 Euroopa riiki / Kaarel Kaas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaas, Kaarel, 1978-

    2006-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 9. juuni lk. 7. Euroopa Nõukogu aurande kohaselt olid USA Luure Keskagentuuri (CIA) salavanglate ja salalendude korraldamisega seotud neliteist Euroopa riiki. Lisa: Salajane "ämblikuvõrk"

  17. Uspaski̜h repeats mistakes of Paksas / Milda Seputyte

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seputyte, Milda

    2005-01-01

    Leedu parlamendi opositsioon on vastu majandusminister Viktor Uspaskihh'i tegevusele isiklikus äris. Ametlike dokumentide kohaselt tegi minister Moskva visiidi ajal ettepaneku luua Leedu-Venemaa ühisettevõte

  18. Audit : Galojan kulutas kolme kuuga toidule 56 000 krooni / Holger Roonemaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roonemaa, Holger

    2008-01-01

    MTÜ Eesti Euroopa Liikumine erakorraline üldkoosolek otsustas esitada liikumise endisele juhile Anna-Maria Galojanile 817 000 krooni suuruse nõude, auditi tulemuste kohaselt kõrvaldas eksjuht liikumise raha ligi 950 000 krooni eest

  19. Euroopa Liit läks Kosovo tunnustamise osas lõhki / Ahto Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Ahto, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu välisministrite kohtumisel ei saavutatud üksmeelt Kosovo tunnustamises. EL-i avalduse kohaselt langetab iga EL-i liikmesriik suhete loomise otsuse ise. Lisa: Kosovo jäetakse ukse taha

  20. Polli prügila rahastamise otsus vaidluste rägastikus. Kas riigiabi või mitte? / Koit Brinkmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brinkmann, Koit

    2011-01-01

    Keskkonnainvesteeringute Keskuse (KIK) otsusesse, millega eraldati OÜ Polli Prügilale toetus prügila rajamiseks Lõuna-Eestisse, lisati punkt, mille kohaselt peab Euroopa Komisjonilt saama kinnituse, et tegemist ei ole riigiabiga

  1. Shank otsustab lahkumise pärast puhkuselt naasmist / Ester Shank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Šank, Ester, 1956-

    2002-01-01

    Välismaal oma korralist suvepuhkust veetev presidendi pressinõunik Ester Shank ei kinnita riigiametnike ringkondades levivaid kuuldusi, mille kohaselt on ta juba langetanud otsuse Kadrioru lossist lahkuda

  2. Name and shame in new regime / Fredrik Davidsson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidsson, Fredrik

    2010-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjon on algatanud kampaania, mille kohaselt peetakse internetis nimekirja laevandusettevõtetest, kes ei täida ohutusnõudeid. Euroopa Komisjoni transpordivolinik Siim Kallas uuest eeskirjast

  3. Keskkonnakatastroofid : ASEM alustab tegevust / Robin Cook

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cook, Robin

    1998-01-01

    Aasia-Euroopa riikide tippkohtumisel kirjutavad ASEM-i liidrid alla programmile, mille kohaselt Euroopa riigid aitavad Kagu-Aasia riike toimetulekul keskkonnakatastroofidega. Aasia ja Euroopa ühise keskkonna tehnoloogiakeskuse loomine

  4. Kas talupidaja saab sõjaväest vabaks? / Carol Merzin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Merzin, Carol

    2006-01-01

    Vastab kaitseressursside ameti avalike suhete nõunik Carol Merzin. 16. apr. 2006 jõustunud kaitseväeteenistuse seaduse kohaselt võib kehvade majanduslike tingimuste korral kaitseväeteenistusest vabastamist taotleda

  5. Za obedom i kofe govorili o... slantse / Nikolai Klotshkov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Klotshkov, Nikolai, 1952-

    2008-01-01

    Keskkonna- ja rahandusministeeriumi esindajad külastasid Vaivara valda, et arutada keskkonnaministeeriumis koostatud keskkonnatasude seaduse muutmise seaduse eelnõu, mille kohaselt läheks kaevandustasudest riigieelarvesse senise 50 protsendi asemel 80 protsenti

  6. Võidusamba liistud tuleb tellida uuelt firmalt? / Raimo Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poom, Raimo

    2010-01-01

    Tšehhi klaasifirma Sans Souci peaks Vabadussõja võidusamba nurgaliistud paigaldama kaitseministeeriumiga sõlmitud lepingu kohaselt garantiitööde raames, firma pole ministeeriumi rahuldavat garantiitööde ajakava esitanud

  7. Vabadussõja võidusammas valmib Tšehhi klaasitehases / Dannar Leitmaa, Urmas Jaagant

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leitmaa, Dannar, 1982-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti kaitseminister Jaak Aaviksoo ja Tšehhi klaasivabriku Sans Souci esindaja Martin Chab allkirjastasid lepingu, mille kohaselt tšehhid projekteerivad, valmistavad ja püstitavad 15. oktoobriks Tallinna Vabaduse väljakule võidusamba

  8. The Bronze soldier in Tõnismäe bears historical values of democratic Europe / Tiit Toomsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toomsalu, Tiit, 1949-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Vasakpartei Tallinna organisatsiooni deklaratsiooni kohaselt lõhestab pronkssõduri teema politiseerimine ühiskonda, häirib riigi sisemist stabiilsust ning kahjustab rahvusvahelisel tasandil Eesti Vabariigi mainet

  9. Tahame Ilvest, saame Rüütli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    BNS-i tellimusel korraldatud OÜ Faktum & Ariko küsitluse kohaselt eelistab 37 protsenti vastanuist presidendina Toomas Hendrik Ilvest, president Arnold Rüütli toetajaid oli 27 protsenti. Lisa: Kes valiks keda. Allk.: BNS/LL

  10. Kruuda sai Kalevi eest ligi 33 miljonit eurot. Norra kontserni aruanne paljastab ostusumma / Kadrin Karner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karner, Kadrin

    2011-01-01

    Orkla Group'i majandusaasta aruande kohaselt müüs Oliver Kruuda suurosalusega Luterma 2010. a. mais Kalev Chocolate Factory ja küpsisetootmise Norra taustaga toidukontsernile ligi 33 miljoni euro eest

  11. Kreeka: kolm viga / Jeffrey Frankel ; tõlkinud Villu Zirnask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Frankel, Jeffrey

    2011-01-01

    Harvardi majandusprofessor nimetab kolm suurt viga, mida Euroopa liidrid, sh. Euroopa Keskpank, Kreeka puhul on teinud. Euroala peaks kehtestama reegli, mille kohaselt Euroopa Keskpank lõpetab Maastrichti eelarve- ja võlakirjakriteeriume rikkuva riigi võlakirjade aktsepteerimise tagatisena

  12. Sõna on naftaoraaklil / Roben Farzad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Farzad, Roben

    2008-01-01

    Maakler- ja uuringufirma Weeden & Co energiavaldkonna vanemanalüütik Charles Maxwelli hinnangute kohaselt on maailmas naftapuudus aina süvenemas ning majandus satub seetõttu järjest tugevama surve alla

  13. Migrantide raha hoiab vee peal suurt osa endisest NL-ist / Ahto Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Ahto, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Brüsselis tutvustatud Maailmapanga uuringust, mille kohaselt on suure osa endise NSVL-i vabariikide jaoks arvestatav sissetulekuallikas migrantide kojusaadetud raha. Lisa: Lääne-Euroopasse ja Venemaale

  14. Kultuur isiksuse psühholoogiat ei mõjuta / Tiit Kändler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kändler, Tiit, 1948-

    2010-01-01

    Psühholoogia uuemate andmete kohaselt ei sõltu indiviidi seadumus kultuurist, soost, vanusest, haridusest. Eesti psühholoogide Jüri Alliku ja Ann Realo osalusel ajakirjas "Journal Personality and Social Psychology" ilmunud artiklist

  15. Kultuur isiksuse psühholoogiat ei mõjuta / Tiit Kändler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kändler, Tiit, 1948-

    2005-01-01

    Psühholoogia uuemate andmete kohaselt ei sõltu indiviidi seadumus kultuurist, soost, vanusest, haridusest. Eesti psühholoogide Jüri Alliku ja Anu Realo osalusel ajakirjas "Journal Personality and Social Psychology" ilmunud artiklist

  16. Raport: Tartus asub maailma küberkuritegevuse pesa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise arvutiturbefirma Trend Micro raportis väidetakse, et Tartust juhitakse grandioosset üleilmset küberkuritegevuse võrgustikku. Raporti kohaselt haldavat ja juhtivat Rove Digital nuhkviirusi levitavate veebisaitide võrgustikku

  17. Lojaalsuse põhimõte Euroopa Liidus ja selle mõju Eestile / Julia Laffranque

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laffranque, Julia, 1974-

    2001-01-01

    2000. aastal Helsingis toimunud Rahvusvahelise Euroopa Õiguse Föderatsiooni (la Federation Internationale pour le Droit Europeen) kongressist. Siseriiklike institutsioonide koostöö kohustusest Euroopa Ühenduse asutamislepingu artikkel 10 kohaselt

  18. Pension tuuakse jätkuvalt koju kõigile abivajajatele / Tõnis Kõiv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõiv, Tõnis, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Riigikogu võttis vastu pensioni kojukannet käsitleva seadusemuudatuse, mille kohaselt hajaasustusega piirkondades ning asulates, kus pangateenused pole kättesaadavad, jääb pensionide ning hüvitiste kojukanne edaspidigi tasuta

  19. Keskmine pension ületab aasta pärast 3000 krooni / Kai Kalamees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalamees, Kai

    2005-01-01

    Valitsus andis Riigikogule üle seaduseelnõu vanaduspensionide tõstmiseks. Eelnõu kohaselt tõuseb keskmine vanaduspension 2005. aasta 1. juulil 2726 kroonini ja 2006. aasta 1. aprillil 3008 kroonini

  20. Konstitutsionalismi kujunemisloost : pactum subjectionis'e õpetus / Jüri Liventaal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liventaal, Jüri

    2009-01-01

    Pactum subjectionis'e õpetusest antiikajal ja keskajal. Õpetuse kohaselt alistus rahvas valitsejale lepingu alusel, millega anti valitsejatele võim, kuid seati ka tingimus, et nad peavad valitsema õiglaselt ja üldistes huvides

  1. Jevropeitsõ druzhno ne ljubjat nemtsev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Ajakirja Reader's Digest uuringu kohaselt, mis hõlmas 19 Euroopa Liidu riiki, peetakse kõige ebasõbralikumaks rahvuseks sakslasi, armastatuimate rahvuste esikolmiku moodustavad itaallased, inglased ja hollandlased

  2. New generation e-passports "come online" - with digital photo, dactylogram and more / Milda Seputyte

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seputyte, Milda

    2005-01-01

    Leedu diplomaadid saavad masinloetavad passid, mis muudab piiriületamise kiiremaks ja turvalisemaks. Euroopa Liidu regulatsiooni kohaselt peavad kõik liikmesriigid olema valmis 2006. aasta sügiseks kasutusele võtma biomeetrilise informatsiooniga reisidokumendid

  3. Kas meie joogivesi on radioaktiivselt ohtlik? / Gunnar Press

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Press, Gunnar, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Sotsiaalministeeriumi tellimusel valminud uuringu kohaselt tarbib umbes 14 protsenti eestlastest maapõuest pumbatud vett, mille radioaktiivsus ületab kehtestatud norme. Vestlusest AS Viimsi Vesi juhataja Toivo Eensaluga

  4. Russia coordinates new broadside against OSCE / Liz Fuller

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fuller, Liz

    2004-01-01

    SRÜ maade poolt 8. juulil 2004 Viinis tehtud avaldusest, mille kohaselt sekkub Euroopa Julgeoleku- ja Koostööorganisatsioon (OSCE) riikide siseasjadesse ning rakendab topeltstandardeid. Avaldusega ei ühinenud Gruusia ja Aserbaidžaan

  5. Minu positsioon on kaugel kodakondsuse nullvariandist / Paul Alan Goble

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Goble, Paul Alan, 1949-

    1998-01-01

    Vastukaja artiklile: Rüütel, Ingrid. Kodakondsuse uus nullvariant seadustamisel // Sõnumileht, 19. okt.. 1998. Kodakondsusseaduse muutmise seaduse eelnõust, mille kohaselt antakse kõikidele Eestis sündinud lastele Eesti kodakondsus

  6. World Bank : Baltic economies should cool down in 2005

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Artiklis keskendutakse Maailmapanga poolt läbiviidud uuringu tulemuste analüüsile, mille kohaselt peaks Baltimaades 2005. aastal majanduslik areng aeglustuma. Uuringut teostati Euroopa Liidu uutes liikmesriikides.

  7. Automaks teeks suurperedele tõsist tuska / Mirko Ojakivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojakivi, Mirko

    2011-01-01

    Säästva arengu instituudi uuringu kohaselt aitaks Eesti autostumise vastu CO₂-põhine automaks. Automaksu kehtestamisest on juttu SDE valimisprogrammis. Tallinna lasterikaste perede liidu juhi Katerina Puusepa arvamus

  8. The validity of knock-for-knock clauses in comparative perspective / Sylvie Cėcile Cavaleri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cavaleri, Sylvie Cėcile

    2018-01-01

    Seoses Põhjamere nafta- ja gaasitootmisega sõlmitavatest lepingutest, kus kasutatakse nn "knock-for-knock" klausleid. Nende kohaselt katab iga lepingu osaline ise oma kahjud, sõltumata kahjude põhjustajast

  9. SDE seisab uute põlevkivikaevanduste vastu / Piret Pert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pert, Piret

    2006-01-01

    SDE tutvustas pressikonverentsil oma keskkonnapoliitilisi seisukohti. Sotsiaaldemokraadid on vastu uute põlevkivikaevanduste avamisele enne olemasolevate ammendumist, SDE eelnõu kohaselt tuleks uute kaevanduste avamiste kava kinnitamisele Riigikogus

  10. Святого Канута подменили / Владимир Лесмент

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Лесмент, Владимир, 1931-

    2004-01-01

    Katoliiklikust pühakust Knud Lavard'ist (kanoniseeriti 1169), keda kujutab autori uurimuste kohaselt Tallinna Kanuti gildi hoone (arhitektid N. P. Jegorjev ja F. Kordes) fassaadi kaunistav Püha Kanuti skulptuur

  11. Raport: eraelu on Eestis kaitstud / Mirko Ojakivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojakivi, Mirko

    2008-01-01

    Inimõiguste kaitse organisatsiooni Privacy International uuringu kohaselt on Eesti oma elanike eraelu kaitstuse tasemelt 47 riigi seas 5.-11. kohal. Andmekaitse inspektsiooni peadirektori Urmas Kuke arvamus

  12. Sten Pentus : minu eesmärk on vormel-1 maailmameister / Rain Pruul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pruul, Rain

    2006-01-01

    Kolmapäeval allkirjastasid vormelisõitja Sten Pentus ja Prantsusmaa SG Formula meeskonna juht Stephane Guerin lepingu, mille kohaselt võistleb noor eestlane sel hooajal vormel Renault̀ Eurocup sarjas

  13. Vähemalt 1000-euroste arvete deklareerimine / Tõnis Elling

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elling, Tõnis, 1972-

    2014-01-01

    1. novembril 2014 jõustuvast käibemaksuseaduse muudatusest, mille kohaselt peavad kõik käibemaksukohustuslased hakkama käibedeklaratsiooni (KMD) lisal INF deklareerima vähemalt 1000 euro suuruseid arveid

  14. Tarapitha, jumalanna Sati silmamuna / Kirill Teiter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teiter, Kirill, 1952-

    2006-01-01

    Saarlaste jumalast Tarapitast. Hindude jumalannast Tarapithast. Legendi kohaselt tähendab Tarapitha silmamuna, mis kuulus hindude jumalannale Satile. Autor toob paralleele hindude jumalanna ja Kaali kraatri tekkimise vahel

  15. Government promises billions for highways / Steven Paulikas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paulikas, Steven

    2004-01-01

    Läti transpordiministeerium avaldas riigi teedevõrgu arengukava järgmiseks 25 aastaks, mille kohaselt investeeritakse maanteede ja raudteede ehitusse kuni 18 miljardit litti. Leedu transpordiettevõtjate hinnangul ei ole uued suuremahulised projektid majandusarengu seisukohalt vajalikud

  16. Õppetöö = Studies

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Uue vastuvõtueeskirja kohaselt saab õpinguid doktorantuuris alustada aastaringselt; lihtsustub erivajadustega tudengite vastuvõtt. 2007. a. parimad õppejõud: Inga Kuznetsova (humaniora), Kristel Ruutmets (socialia), Sirje Mäeorg (realia et naturalia), Kersti Kokk (medicina)

  17. Eurost on saanud dollari tugev konkurent kiiremini kui arvati / Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aru, Erik

    2008-01-01

    USA majandusprofessorite Jeff Frankeli ja Menzie Chinni arvutuste kohaselt võib eurost saada dollari asemel rahvusvaheline valuuta 2015. aastal. Kolumnist Wolfgang Münchau hinnang. Lisa: USA majandussurutis vähendab rahavooge. Diagramm

  18. Sassis tuumamajandus / John Carey

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Carey, John

    2008-01-01

    USA presidendikandidaadi John McCaini energeetikakava kohaselt tuleks USA-sse ehitada 100 uut tuumaelektrijaama, neist esimesed 45 peaksid valmima aastaks 2030. Tuumaelektrijaamad aitaksid rahuldada USA energiavajadust ning võitleksid ka kliimasoojenemise vastu. Eksperdid on arengukava suhtes kriitilised

  19. Kurjakuulutav Grantham Sünge / Rich Karlgaard

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karlgaard, Rich

    2013-01-01

    Majandusanalüütik Jeremy Granthami prognoosi kohaselt ei asu USA sisemajanduse kogutoodang enam kunagi tõusuteele. Autor toob paralleele Briti majandus- ja rahvastikuteadlase Thomas Malthuse prognoosidega ning loodab, et ka Grantham eksib, nagu Malthus omal ajal

  20. Rahvaarv esialgse hinnangu järgi, 1. jaanuar 2008 = Preliminary number of population, 1 January 2008 / Kalev Noorkõiv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noorkõiv, Kalev

    2007-01-01

    2008. aasta esimese jaanuari seisuga oli Eesti rahvaarv esialgse hinnangu kohaselt 1 340 600. Tabelid. Graafik. Vt. samas: Registreeritud rahvastikusündmused, detsember 2007 = Registered vital events, December 2007

  1. The case of "A cat and dog in a well": motifs, folk inquiry and metafolkloristic interpretation (on Udmurtian folk beliefs) / Tatyana Minniyakhmetova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Minnijahmetova, Tatjana, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    Juhtumist ühes udmurdi külas Bashkiirias 1984. aastal, kui kahe perekonna kasutatavasse kaevu olid kukkunud surnud kass ja koer. Sellele järgnenud sündmustest, mida rahvauskumuste kohaselt seletati nõidusega

  2. Tendon vibration attenuates superficial venous vessel response of the resting limb during static arm exercise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ooue Anna

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The superficial vein of the resting limb constricts sympathetically during exercise. Central command is the one of the neural mechanisms that controls the cardiovascular response to exercise. However, it is not clear whether central command contributes to venous vessel response during exercise. Tendon vibration during static elbow flexion causes primary muscle spindle afferents, such that a lower central command is required to achieve a given force without altering muscle force. The purpose of this study was therefore to investigate whether a reduction in central command during static exercise with tendon vibration influences the superficial venous vessel response in the resting limb. Methods Eleven subjects performed static elbow flexion at 35% of maximal voluntary contraction with (EX + VIB and without (EX vibration of the biceps brachii tendon. The heart rate, mean arterial pressure, and rating of perceived exertion (RPE in overall and exercising muscle were measured. The cross-sectional area (CSAvein and blood velocity of the basilic vein in the resting upper arm were assessed by ultrasound, and blood flow (BFvein was calculated using both variables. Results Muscle tension during exercise was similar between EX and EX + VIB. However, RPEs at EX + VIB were lower than those at EX (P P vein in the resting limb at EX decreased during exercise from baseline (P vein at EX + VIB did not change during exercise. CSAvein during exercise at EX was smaller than that at EX + VIB (P vein did not change during the protocol under either condition. The decreases in circulatory response and RPEs during EX + VIB, despite identical muscle tension, showed that activation of central command was less during EX + VIB than during EX. Abolishment of the decrease in CSAvein during exercise at EX + VIB may thus have been caused by a lower level of central command at EX + VIB rather than EX. Conclusion Diminished central command induced by tendon

  3. Elucidation of the Vibrio anguillarum genetic response to the potential fish probiont Pseudomonas fluorescens AH2, using RNA-arbitrarily primed PCR

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holmstrøm, Kim; Gram, Lone

    2003-01-01

    or another V. anguillarum siderophore. On the pJM1 plasmid of V anguillarum serotype O1, a pseudogene designated open reading frame E (ORF E) that contains a frameshift mutation was previously identified. The gene homologous to vibE identified in this study, interestingly, also has significant homology...... to ORF E on the amino acid level and does not possess the frameshift mutation. Thus, the chromosomally encoded vibE homologue could fulfil the role of the inactive plasmid-encoded ORF E pseudogene. Addition of Fe3+ to the system eliminated the growth arrest, and the genes homologous to rpoS and vibE were...

  4. Noored kineastid tõid Eestile teise koha

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Šveitsis Einsiedelnis toimunud 72. ülemaailmsel harrastusfilmitegijate festivalil UNICA võitis kuldmedali Andrew Bond Balti Filmi- ja Meediakoolist lühimängufilmiga "Vene suurus", hõbemedali Vallo Toomla Balti Filmi- ja Meediakoolist lühimängufilmiga "Koolja" ja pronksmedali Katri Haava Eesti Kunstiakadeemiast animafilmiga "Valel poolel", kõik kolm on tudengitööd. Riikide arvestuses saavutas Eesti programm teise koha

  5. Eesti noored tulid harrastusfilmide festivalilt kolme karva medalitega / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2010-01-01

    Šveitsis Einsiedelnis toimunud 72. rahvusvahelisel sõltumatute filmide festivalil UNICA võitis kuldmedali Andrew Bond Balti Filmi- ja Meediakoolist lühimängufilmiga "Vene suurus", hõbemedali Vallo Toomla Balti Filmi- ja Meediakoolist lühimängufilmiga "Koolja" ja pronksmedali Katre Haav Eesti Kunstiakadeemiast animafilmiga "Valel poolel". Riikide arvestuses saavutas Eesti filmikava teise koha. 2011. a. ekraanile jõudvast Andrew Bondi lühifilmist "Legend vägevast seebist"

  6. Jõgevamaa : Äripäev maakonnas / Merike Lees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lees, Merike, 1976-

    2007-01-01

    Jõgevamaa edukad firmad 2006. aastal. Vt. samas: Mustvee linn tahab saada Peipsi-äärseks pealinnaks; Edukaim ettevõte juhib kohalikku edetabelit ka gasellide arvestuses; Tippsõjaväelane lööb tsiviilis alati läbi; Kliendipuudus maal sunnib pealinna tööle; Teed ja platsid nõuavad killustikku; Küsimustele vastab Jõgevamaa Põllumajandustootjate Liidu tegevdirektor Urmas Ingver. Kommenteerib Aivar Kokk

  7. Salmonellabakter räsib Talleggi / Kristina Traks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Traks, Kristina, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti suurimat linnulihatootjat Talleggi võib seoses salmonelloosi levikuga tabada miljonitesse kroonidesse ulatuv kahju ja ligi 30 000 kroonine rahatrahv. Diagramm: Tallegg vajus mullu kahjumisse. Lisa: Salmonella-bakter hävib kuumutades

  8. Business Model Canvas & Elevator pitch : 29-10-2013

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eelco Bakker

    2013-01-01

    Presentatie bij de Workshop Business Model Canvas: de bouwstenen en het gebouw van de onderneming - workshopprogramma ViB050. In het kader van het programma Teach the Teacher. Gehouden op 29-10-2013..

  9. Alternate rhythmic vibratory stimulation of trunk muscles affects walking cadence and velocity in Parkinson's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Nunzio, Alessandro M; Grasso, Margherita; Nardone, Antonio; Godi, Marco; Schieppati, Marco

    2010-02-01

    During the administration of timed bilateral alternate vibration to homonymous leg or trunk muscles during quiet upright stance, Parkinsonian (PD) patients undergo cyclic antero-posterior and medio-lateral transfers of the centre of foot pressure. This event might be potentially exploited for improving gait in these patients. Here, we tested this hypothesis by applying alternate muscle vibration during walking in PD. Fifteen patients and 15 healthy subjects walked on an instrumented walkway under four conditions: no vibration (no-Vib), and vibration of tibialis anterior (TA-Vib), soleus (Sol-Vib) and erector spinae (ES-Vib) muscles of both sides. Trains of vibration (internal frequency 100 Hz) were delivered to right and left side at alternating frequency of 10% above preferred step cadence. During vibration, stride length, cadence and velocity increased in both patients and healthy subjects, significantly so for ES-Vib. Stance and swing time tended to decrease. Width of support base increased with Sol-Vib or TA-Vib, but was unaffected by ES-Vib. Alternate ES vibration enhances gait velocity in PD. The stronger effect of ES over leg muscle vibration might depend on the relevance of the proprioceptive inflow from the trunk muscles and on the absence of adverse effects on the support base width. Trunk control is defective in PD. The effect of timed vibratory stimulation on gait suggests the potential use of trunk proprioceptive stimulation for tuning the central pattern generators for locomotion in PD. Copyright (c) 2009 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. High-frequency, low-magnitude vibration does not prevent bone loss resulting from muscle disuse in mice following botulinum toxin injection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manske, Sarah L; Good, Craig A; Zernicke, Ronald F; Boyd, Steven K

    2012-01-01

    High-frequency, low-magnitude vibration enhances bone formation ostensibly by mimicking normal postural muscle activity. We tested this hypothesis by examining whether daily exposure to low-magnitude vibration (VIB) would maintain bone in a muscle disuse model with botulinum toxin type A (BTX). Female 16-18 wk old BALB/c mice (N = 36) were assigned to BTX-VIB, BTX-SHAM, VIB, or SHAM. BTX mice were injected with BTX (20 µL; 1 U/100 g body mass) into the left hindlimb posterior musculature. All mice were anaesthetized for 20 min/d, 5 d/wk, for 3 wk, and the left leg mounted to a holder. Through the holder, VIB mice received 45 Hz, ± 0.6 g sinusoidal acceleration without weight bearing. SHAM mice received no vibration. At baseline and 3 wk, muscle cross-sectional area (MCSA) and tibial bone properties (epiphysis, metaphysis and diaphysis) were assessed by in vivo micro-CT. Bone volume fraction in the metaphysis decreased 12 ± 9% and 7 ± 6% in BTX-VIB and BTX-SHAM, but increased in the VIB and SHAM. There were no differences in dynamic histomorphometry outcomes between BTX-VIB and BTX nor between VIB and SHAM. Thus, vibration did not prevent bone loss induced by a rapid decline in muscle activity nor produce an anabolic effect in normal mice. The daily loading duration was shorter than would be expected from postural muscle activity, and may have been insufficient to prevent bone loss. Based on the approach used in this study, vibration does not prevent bone loss in the absence of muscle activity induced by BTX.

  11. High-frequency, low-magnitude vibration does not prevent bone loss resulting from muscle disuse in mice following botulinum toxin injection.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah L Manske

    Full Text Available High-frequency, low-magnitude vibration enhances bone formation ostensibly by mimicking normal postural muscle activity. We tested this hypothesis by examining whether daily exposure to low-magnitude vibration (VIB would maintain bone in a muscle disuse model with botulinum toxin type A (BTX. Female 16-18 wk old BALB/c mice (N = 36 were assigned to BTX-VIB, BTX-SHAM, VIB, or SHAM. BTX mice were injected with BTX (20 µL; 1 U/100 g body mass into the left hindlimb posterior musculature. All mice were anaesthetized for 20 min/d, 5 d/wk, for 3 wk, and the left leg mounted to a holder. Through the holder, VIB mice received 45 Hz, ± 0.6 g sinusoidal acceleration without weight bearing. SHAM mice received no vibration. At baseline and 3 wk, muscle cross-sectional area (MCSA and tibial bone properties (epiphysis, metaphysis and diaphysis were assessed by in vivo micro-CT. Bone volume fraction in the metaphysis decreased 12 ± 9% and 7 ± 6% in BTX-VIB and BTX-SHAM, but increased in the VIB and SHAM. There were no differences in dynamic histomorphometry outcomes between BTX-VIB and BTX nor between VIB and SHAM. Thus, vibration did not prevent bone loss induced by a rapid decline in muscle activity nor produce an anabolic effect in normal mice. The daily loading duration was shorter than would be expected from postural muscle activity, and may have been insufficient to prevent bone loss. Based on the approach used in this study, vibration does not prevent bone loss in the absence of muscle activity induced by BTX.

  12. Whole-Body-Vibration Training and Balance in Recreational Athletes With Chronic Ankle Instability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sierra-Guzmán, Rafael; Jiménez-Diaz, Fernando; Ramírez, Carlos; Esteban, Paula; Abián-Vicén, Javier

    2018-04-01

      Deficits in the propioceptive system of the ankle contribute to chronic ankle instability (CAI). Recently, whole-body-vibration (WBV) training has been introduced as a preventive and rehabilitative tool.   To evaluate how a 6-week WBV training program on an unstable surface affected balance and body composition in recreational athletes with CAI.   Randomized controlled clinical trial.   Research laboratory.   Fifty recreational athletes with self-reported CAI were randomly assigned to a vibration (VIB), nonvibration (NVIB), or control group.   The VIB and NVIB groups performed unilateral balance training on a BOSU 3 times weekly for 6 weeks. The VIB group trained on a vibration platform, and the NVIB group trained on the floor.   We assessed balance using the Biodex Balance System and the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT). Body composition was measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry.   After 6 weeks of training, improvements on the Biodex Balance System occurred only on the Overall Stability Index ( P = .01) and Anterior-Posterior Stability Index ( P = .03) in the VIB group. We observed better performance in the medial ( P = .008) and posterolateral ( P = .04) directions and composite score of the SEBT in the VIB group ( P = .01) and in the medial ( P Balance System, whereas the VIB and NVIB groups displayed better performance on the SEBT.

  13. Use of Valtrac™-Secured Intracolonic Bypass in Laparoscopic Rectal Cancer Resection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Feng; Chen, Dong; Wang, Danyang; Lin, Jianjiang; Zheng, Shusen

    2014-01-01

    Abstract The occurrence of anastomotic leakage (AL) remains a major concern in the early postoperative stage. Because of the relatively high morbidity and mortality of AL in patients with laparoscopic low rectal cancer who receive an anterior resection, a fecal diverting method is usually introduced. The Valtrac™-secured intracolonic bypass (VIB) was used in open rectal resection, and played a role of protecting the anastomotic site. This study was designed to assess the efficacy and safety of the VIB in protecting laparoscopic low rectal anastomosis and to compare the efficacy and complications of VIB with those of loop ileostomy (LI). Medical records of the 43 patients with rectal cancer who underwent elective laparoscopic low anterior resection and received VIB procedure or LI between May 2011 and May 2013 were retrospectively analyzed, including the patients’ demographics, clinical features, and operative data. Twenty-four patients received a VIB and 19 patients a LI procedure. Most of the demographics and clinical features of the groups, including Dukes stages, were similar. However, the median distance of the tumor edge from the anus verge in the VIB group was significantly longer (7.5 cm; inter-quartile range [IQR] 7.0–9.5 cm) than that of the L1 group (6.0 cm; IQR 6.0–7.0 cm). None of the patients developed clinical AL. The comparisons between the LI and the VIB groups were adjusted for the significant differences in the tumor level of the groups. After adjustment, the LI group experienced longer overall postoperative hospital stay (14.0 days, IQR: 12.0, 16.0 days; P resection, appears to be a safe and effective, but time-limited, diverting technique to protect an elective low colorectal anastomosis. PMID:25546660

  14. The Virtual Insect Brain protocol: creating and comparing standardized neuroanatomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schindelin Johannes E

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In the fly Drosophila melanogaster, new genetic, physiological, molecular and behavioral techniques for the functional analysis of the brain are rapidly accumulating. These diverse investigations on the function of the insect brain use gene expression patterns that can be visualized and provide the means for manipulating groups of neurons as a common ground. To take advantage of these patterns one needs to know their typical anatomy. Results This paper describes the Virtual Insect Brain (VIB protocol, a script suite for the quantitative assessment, comparison, and presentation of neuroanatomical data. It is based on the 3D-reconstruction and visualization software Amira, version 3.x (Mercury Inc. 1. Besides its backbone, a standardization procedure which aligns individual 3D images (series of virtual sections obtained by confocal microscopy to a common coordinate system and computes average intensities for each voxel (volume pixel the VIB protocol provides an elaborate data management system for data administration. The VIB protocol facilitates direct comparison of gene expression patterns and describes their interindividual variability. It provides volumetry of brain regions and helps to characterize the phenotypes of brain structure mutants. Using the VIB protocol does not require any programming skills since all operations are carried out at an intuitively usable graphical user interface. Although the VIB protocol has been developed for the standardization of Drosophila neuroanatomy, the program structure can be used for the standardization of other 3D structures as well. Conclusion Standardizing brains and gene expression patterns is a new approach to biological shape and its variability. The VIB protocol provides a first set of tools supporting this endeavor in Drosophila. The script suite is freely available at http://www.neurofly.de2

  15. The Virtual Insect Brain protocol: creating and comparing standardized neuroanatomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenett, Arnim; Schindelin, Johannes E; Heisenberg, Martin

    2006-01-01

    Background In the fly Drosophila melanogaster, new genetic, physiological, molecular and behavioral techniques for the functional analysis of the brain are rapidly accumulating. These diverse investigations on the function of the insect brain use gene expression patterns that can be visualized and provide the means for manipulating groups of neurons as a common ground. To take advantage of these patterns one needs to know their typical anatomy. Results This paper describes the Virtual Insect Brain (VIB) protocol, a script suite for the quantitative assessment, comparison, and presentation of neuroanatomical data. It is based on the 3D-reconstruction and visualization software Amira, version 3.x (Mercury Inc.) [1]. Besides its backbone, a standardization procedure which aligns individual 3D images (series of virtual sections obtained by confocal microscopy) to a common coordinate system and computes average intensities for each voxel (volume pixel) the VIB protocol provides an elaborate data management system for data administration. The VIB protocol facilitates direct comparison of gene expression patterns and describes their interindividual variability. It provides volumetry of brain regions and helps to characterize the phenotypes of brain structure mutants. Using the VIB protocol does not require any programming skills since all operations are carried out at an intuitively usable graphical user interface. Although the VIB protocol has been developed for the standardization of Drosophila neuroanatomy, the program structure can be used for the standardization of other 3D structures as well. Conclusion Standardizing brains and gene expression patterns is a new approach to biological shape and its variability. The VIB protocol provides a first set of tools supporting this endeavor in Drosophila. The script suite is freely available at [2] PMID:17196102

  16. The Shock and Vibration Digest. Volume 13, Number 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-03-01

    Matehal Structural ElemenU with Material Damping M.M. Wallace and C.W. Bert The Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman , OK, Shock Vib. Bull., U.S. Naval Res...Vibration Kxtremal Control Strategy D.O. Smallwood and D.L. Gregory Sandid Labs., Albuquerque, NM, Shock Vib. Bull., U.S. Ndvdl Res. Lab.. Proc., No...Smailey.AJ 656,700 Smallwood , D.0 683 Smith, D.R 517 Smith, I.M 655 Smith, S 534 Smith,! 622 Smolka.S.A 714 Solo.V 711 Sonnonburg, P.N 576

  17. Õhkõrn enamus taastab sõltumatu Montenegro / Arko Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Arko, 1981-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 23. mai lk. 11. Montenegro esialgsete iseseisvusreferendumi tulemuste (lugemata olid veel 5 protsendi valijate sedelid) kohaselt toetas 55,4 protsenti hääletanutest riigi iseseisvumise taastamist. Lisa: Mitme nimekujuga "must mägi"

  18. Süütud poisid, seniilsed vanurid Guantánamos / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2011-01-01

    Wikileaksi kaudu avalikustatud dokumentide kohaselt on Guantánamo vangilaagris veel olevast 172 vangist enamik suure riskiga e. võivad vabastamisel ohustada USA ja liitlaste julgeolekut. Vangilaagrisse sattus terrorismis kahtlustatuna ka süütuid inimesi. Oma osa oli selles USA poliitikal maksta pearaha iga üles antud Talibani või al-Qaida liikme eest

  19. Erakordne aeg või valed mudelid? / Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aru, Erik

    2008-01-01

    Paul De Grauwe, Leonardo Iania ja Pablo Rovira Kaltwasser arvutasid välja börsidel erakordsemate päevade esinemise tõenäosuse. Nende järelduse kohaselt ei ole mitte praegune aeg erakordne, vaid finantsmudelid on valed. Lisa: Indeks Dow Jones Industrial Average oktoobrikuus

  20. Valitsusel tuleb püksirihma pingutada / Ivari Padar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Padar, Ivari, 1965-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Vesti Dnja 10. apr. lk. 5. Rahandusministeeriumi avalikustatud kevadise majandusprognoosi kohaselt kasvab Eesti majandus sel aastal 3,7%, mis tähendab, et nii valitsusel kui ka kodanikel tuleb kulusid kokku tõmmata ning olla senisest veelgi säästlikum

  1. Kaitseliit loeb torud üle / Tiina Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaalep, Tiina, 1964-

    1998-01-01

    31. 03. 1997. a. Kaitseliidu ülema käskkirjast nr. 125, mille kohaselt kaitseliitlaste isiklikud relvad tuleb arvele võtta teenistusrelvadena. Postimehe küsimusele vastavad Kaitseliidu ülem kolonelleitnant Lui Jaanson, Kaitseliidu Saaremaa maleva pealik leitnant Mati Vendel, Kaitseliidu Jõgeva maleva pealik leitnant Ants Nurk

  2. Google tegemas taas võimsat kvartalit / Fredy-Edwin Esse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Esse, Fredy-Edwin

    2011-01-01

    Nii Google'i kasum kui ka käive on prognooside kohaselt järsult tõusnud, prognoositakse 6,3 mld. dollari suuruse käibe juures kasumiks 8,14 dollarit aktsia kohta. Autor panustaks oma raha Google'isse vaid lühiajaliselt

  3. Eesti lööb turistide arvu kasvuga Euroopa Liidus rekordeid / Kaire Uusen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uusen, Kaire

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Den za Dnjom 9. september lk. 7. Eurostati uuringu kohaselt kasvas 2004. aastal turistide hulk EL-i liikmesriikidest kõige rohkem Eestis - 30,2%. Estraveli asepresidendi Malle Pottsepa, majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministeeriumi kommentaare. Diagramm: Turistid ummistasid hotellid

  4. Nafta hinna tõus kukutab taas lennufirmade aktsiaid / Annika Matson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matson, Annika, 1976-

    2004-01-01

    USA kaubabörsil rekordilisele tasemele tõusnud nafta hind viis lennukompaniide aktsiad langusse. Prognooside kohaselt võib jätkuv nafta hinnatõus hakata pidurdama maailma majanduskasvu. Diagrammid: Suurima löögi on nafta hinna tõusust saanud USA lennufirmade aktsiad

  5. Investeeringuid naftatootmisesse napib / Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aru, Erik

    2008-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise Energeetikaagentuuri IEA prognoosi kohaselt katab nafta ka veel 2030. aastal suurema osa energiatarbest - umbes 40%, kütuste hinnatase jääb piisavalt kõrgeks, mistõttu energiafirmadel tasuks investeerida uutesse leiukohtadesse. Rahvusvahelise Valuutafondi ökonomisti Kevin Chengi ja investeerimispankuri Matthew Simmonsi hinnangud maailma naftavarudele. Lisa: Võidujooks nafta pärast

  6. Skandinavija ne protiv Baltiiskoi AES / Senta Alas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alas, Senta

    2006-01-01

    Taani keskkonnaministri Connie Hedegaardi sõnade kohaselt ei kavatse Taani ehitada oma territooriumile tuumajaama, kuid samas ei mõista hukka ka Balti riikide püüdlusi hakata enam kasutama tuumaenergiat ning ehitada jaam Leetu. Minister esines pressikonverentsil seoses novembris Nairobis toimuva ülemaailmse kliimakonverentsiga

  7. Majanduse üldolukord 2007. a. juunis ja 6 kuu pärast / L. Kuum

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuum, L.

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Konjunktuur : Quaterly Review of the Estonian Economy Sep/2007 nr. 2 lk. 4-14. Eesti majandus jahenes 2007. aasta II kvartalis, prognooside kohaselt jätkub 6 kuu jooksul mõõdukas langus. Diagrammid. Graafikud. Tabelid

  8. Klaaspudelist loobumine vähendab Coca-Cola brändi eeliseid / Eda-Liis Kann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kann, Eda-Liis, 1979-

    2005-01-01

    BRAND sense uuringu kohaselt, milles uuriti pakendi mõju brändilojaalusele, eelistab enam kui 60% Ameerika ja Suurbritannia tarbijaist juua kokakoolat klaaspudelist. Majanduslikel põhjustel on Coca-Cola Company aga viimased kümme aastat tegelenud klaaspudelite poelettidelt ära korjamisega. Diagramm

  9. Puuduv lüli teie portfellis? Teie töö / Lewis Braham

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Braham, Lewis

    2008-01-01

    Finantsuuringute firma Ibbotson Associates kohaselt peaksid inimesed aktsiatesse investeerides arvestama ka oma töökohta ja senist karjääri ning sellest lähtudes tuleks paika panna oma finantstrateegiad. Samuti soovitavad finantsnõustajad oma portfelliinvesteeringuid hoida sektorites, mille majandusriskid ei kattu tööandja ja tegevusvaldkonna omaga. Lisa: Töökohaga sobivad portfellid

  10. Galvex hädas pankrotti ihkava võlausaldajaga / Martin Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Martin, 1984-

    2006-01-01

    New Yorgi kohtusse antud pankrotikaitsehagi kohaselt on 2 miljardi krooni väärtuses tehtud pakkumine Galvexi varade ja kohustuste omastamiseks. Pakkumise taga arvatakse olevat Venemaa terasetootja Severstal. Vt. samas: Galvex jõudis täisvõimsuseni 4 aastaga; Silver Point Capital on tuntud vaenulike ülevõtmiste poolest

  11. Archaeological investigations on the site of the cistercian nunnery of st. Michael / Mauri Kiudsoo, Irita Kallis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiudsoo, Mauri

    2005-01-01

    2004. aasta suvel Tallinnas Suur-Kloostri 2 kinnistul toimunud kaevamistest. Leidis kinnitust hüpotees, mille kohaselt hävitati kloostri rajamisel mingi varasem asustusvorm. Arheoloogilise stratigraafia analüüsil ja fikseerimisel kasutati Edward C. Harrise koostatud stratigraafia teooria ja metoodika põhimõtteid ja nn. Harrise maatriksit

  12. Standard hakkab tootma Mercedesele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    AS Standard sõlmis ühe maailma suurema autotootjaga DaimlerChrysler AG koostöölepingu, mille kohaselt hakkab ettevõte tootma ning müüma kontori- ja teenindussaalide mööblit kontserni kuuluva Mercedes-Benzi Euroopa diileritele

  13. Haridusse investeerimine tasub ära veel 40-aastaseltki / Villu Zirnask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zirnask, Villu, 1966-

    2008-01-01

    Kõrghariduse omandamise tasuvuse hindamise arvutamisest OECD raportis "Education at a Glance 2008", mis puudutas 19 riiki. Raporti kohaselt on kõrghariduse tasuvus suurim Tšehhi meeste puhul - 29,1%. Diagrammid: Kõrgharidus toob sisse vähemalt 5% aastas

  14. Versuchter Totschlag durch Manipulation der Organzuteilung für Transplantationen? / Detlev Sternberg-Lieben, Irene Sternberg-Lieben

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sternberg-Lieben, Detlev

    2018-01-01

    Saksamaa kõrgema kohtu otsusest, mis puudutab Göttingeni haiglas toimunud juhtumit, kus maksasiirdamine tehti alkohili tarbivale patsiendile, Saksmaal kehtestatud seaduse kohaselt tohib maksasiirdamise teha vaid siis, kui organi saaja ei ole kuus kuud alkoholi tarbinud. Lahendit vaata lk. 46-52

  15. Milleks Villu Reiljan miljoni laenas? / Kadri Paas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paas, Kadri, 1982-

    2008-01-01

    Eestimaa Rahvaliitu kuuluv parlamendiliige Villu Reiljan võttis majanduslike huvide deklaratsiooni kohaselt Rahvaliidu suurtoetajale Urmas Sõõrumaale kuulvast firmast U.S. Invest miljon krooni laenu. Vt. samas: Süüdistatakse pistise nõudmises; Varem pole kelleltki laenanud; Allar Viivik. Juul ehitab maja tarbimislaenuga

  16. Tippjuhi palgatõus töötulemust ei paranda / Kaire Uusen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uusen, Kaire

    2005-01-01

    Tallinna Sadam kavandab ettevõtte juhtidele uut motivatsioonisüsteemi ja lisapreemiate maksmist. Rahvusvahelise konsultatsioonifirma Hay Group uuringu kohaselt on viimastel aastatel kasvanud paljude suurte ettevõtete juhtide palk ja preemia, kuid seos palga ning töösoorituse vahel on nõrk

  17. Palace kaotas kasutusloa / Peeter Raidla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raidla, Peeter, 1955-

    2004-01-01

    Väidetavalt surus Tallinna linnapea Edgar Savisaar linnavalitsuse nõupidamisel erakonnakaaslase Viktor Kaasiku tahte kohaselt läbi hotelli Palace kasutusloa tühistamise. Vt. samas: Kuidas nõupidamine kasvas üle istungiks; Uus ekspertiis järgmisel nädalal

  18. Reformierakond naudib ülisuurt toetust / Agnes Kuus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuus, Agnes

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 15. mai 2007, lk. 3. Uuringufirma TSN Emor korraldatud küsitluse kohaselt oli Reformierakonna toetus pärast pronkssõduri sündmusi 46%. Diagramm: Toetus parlamendierakondadele. Kommenteerivad: Kadri Must, Marek Strandberg, Jaanus Marrandi, Margus Tsahkna, Eiki Nestor. Vt. samas: Kai Kalamees. Võimupartnerid usuvad endasse

  19. Rahvusvaheline valuutafond peab Eesti eelarvepoliitikat jätkusuutmatuks / Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aru, Erik

    2007-01-01

    IMF-i uuringus prognoositakse Eesti majanduskasvu aeglustumist 25 aasta jooksul keskmiselt 1,6 protsendini aastas. Rahvastiku vananemisega seotud kulude kasv tekitab prognoosi kohaselt 2025. aastaks eelarvepuudujäägi. Rahandusministeeriumi osakonnajuhataja Andrus Sääliku arvamus. Diagramm: IMF-i Eesti majanduse prognoos

  20. Märjamaa vald sõlmis lepingu Riigi Kinnisvara aktsiaseltsiga / Reet Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Reet, 1959-

    2005-01-01

    Märjamaa vald allkirjastas riigi Kinnisvara Aktsiaseltsiga (RKAS) lepingu, mille kohaselt läks hoonestusõigus RKAS-ile üle kuni 31. detsembrini 2025. Koguinvesteeringuks on 24,289 milj. krooni, ehitustöid tehakse kolmes etapis

  1. Muusikamaailm : Uusooper täna Houstonis. Budapesti kevadfestivalil. Müncheni linna muusikapreemia. Lauljate "Orfeo" Hannoveris. Oslo saab uue ooperimaja / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2000-01-01

    G. Floydi ooperite "Cold Sassy Tree" ja "Susannah" lavastustest Houstonis USAs. Budapesti kevadfestivalil toimub P. Eötvösi ooperi "Kolm õde" esmalavastus Ungaris. Tänavu pälvis Müncheni linna muusikapreemia Müncheni Kammerorkester. Rahvusvahelise lauljate konkursi "Orfeo 2000" võitjatest. Oslo uus ooperimaja valmib kava kohaselt 2007. aastal

  2. Reform : Keskerakonnal plaanis uus korteritehing

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Tallinna linnavolikogu otsusel ehitab OÜ Raadiku Arendus Tallinnale 1170 korterit ja annab need 20 aastaks linna kasutusse. Linnavolikogu Reformierakonna fraktsiooni esimehe Remo Holsmeri sõnul teeb kurioosseks otsuse see, et eelneva volikogu otsuse kohaselt korraldati hange eluruumide kasutusse võtmiseks 10 aastale

  3. Piirivalve saab 147 miljoni eest uhke helikopteri / Sigrid Laev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laev, Sigrid

    2005-01-01

    Eesti piirivalve saab helikopteri Agusta Bell, kopteri soetamine täidab Schnegen Facility programmi eesmärki, mille kohaselt tuleb EL-i välispiiride valve viia vastavusse Schengeni õigusruumi nõuetega. Raha ostmiseks annab abiprogramm Schengen Facility

  4. Strateegia reaalajas / Taivo Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Taivo, 1968-

    2001-01-01

    Uudsete ärijuhtimise meetodite uurimise ja rakendusettevõtte Imagination Lab Foundationi direktori Johan Roosi "tõsise mängu" teooriast, mille kohaselt strateegiline planeerimine ettevõtetes peaks toimuma mängides, kuna see on üks parimaid viise kujutlusvõime stimuleerimiseks. Lisa: Juhised tõsiseks mänguks

  5. New research results from the smithy site of Käku in 2013-2014 / Ragnar Saage, Jüri Peets, Elis Tiidu, Liina Maldre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Praeguste teadmiste kohaselt on tegemist 14.-17. sajandisse kuuluva muistisega, kus on leitud nelja üksteisele järgneva sepikoja konstruktsioonid. Välitööde kõige olulisem tulemus oli kõige vanema sepikoja järgu eristamine eelviimasest

  6. Super Bowli teooria soovitab aktsiaid osta / Fredy-Edwin Esse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Esse, Fredy-Edwin

    2011-01-01

    Super Bowli teooria kohaselt tõuseb Dow Jones, kui võidab algupärase NFL-i meeskond. MarketWatchi peaökonomist Irwin Keller avaldab arvamust, miks tasuks investoritel Super Bowli tulemustele tähelepanu pöörata

  7. HEX kiirustab ASe end registreerima / Virkko Lepassalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepassalu, Virkko, 1971-

    2003-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 28. mai lk. 2. Eesti väärtpaberite keskregistri seaduse ja äriseadustiku muudatustest, mille kohaselt peavad 1. juuliks kõik aktsiaseltsid olema end väärtpaberite keskregistris arvele võtnud. Lisatud tabel: kolmandik ASe registreerimata

  8. Palkadel küllaga ruumi kerkida / Kaspar Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Kaspar

    2007-01-01

    Kuigi statistikaameti avaldatud info kohaselt tõusis 2007. aasta esimeses kvartalis brutokuupalk võrreldes eelmise aasta sama perioodiga 20 protsenti, jätkub mitmetes ettevõtetes kiire palgatõus ka järgmisel aastal. Kommenteerib Raul Eamets. Diagramm: Keskmine palk kasvanud kahe aastaga ligi 40%. Lisa: Number

  9. Suurtarbijad otsivad Eesti Energiale asendajat / Katre Pilvinski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pilvinski, Katre

    2010-01-01

    Köögiviljatootja Grüne Fee ei ole enam Eesti Energia klient, sest saab teistelt pakkujatelt osta elektrit soodsamalt. Elektrienergia suurtarbijate liidu esimehe Tiit Kolgi hinnangul võiks valitsus taastuvenergiatasu kolmandiku võrra vähendada. Eelnõu kohaselt väheneks toetus kuni 75%

  10. Nokia kahvatu kvartaliaruanne paiskas aktsia langusesse / Tõnis Arnover

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arnover, Tõnis, 1952-

    2004-01-01

    Nokia kvartaliaruande kohaselt on vähenenud nii ettevõtte käive kui ka mobiiltelefonimüügi turuosa. Graafik: Nokia aktsia hind langes eile pärast tulemuste avaldamist. Vt. samas: Sony Ericsson tõusuteel

  11. Baltic states to remain macroeconomic leaders among new EU members

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Maailmapanga uuringu kohaselt säilitavad Balti riigid lähema kahe-kolme aasta kestel suurima majanduskasvu Euroopa Liidu uute liikmesriikide seas. Balti riike iseloomustavad madal inflatsioonitase, madal riigivõlg ja riigieelarve defitsiidi vastavus Euroopa Liidu nõuetele. Tabel

  12. Gaz - almaz / Jekaterina Rodina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rodina, Jekaterina

    2008-01-01

    Venemaa Energiapoliitika Instituudi arvutuste kohaselt võib maagaasi tootmise ja nõudluse vahe ulatuda 2010. aastaks 100 miljardi kuupmeetrini, Kui maagaasi tarned Eestisse ära jäävad, saab meie riik omal jõul hakkama kõige rohkem kuu aega. Vt. samas: Gaas arvudes

  13. Helmese raport: valimiskomisjon pidanuks süsteemi sajaprotsendilise mahuga testima / Urmas Jaagant

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jaagant, Urmas

    2011-01-01

    IT-firma Helmes raportist, milles selgitatakse Riigikogu valimiste tulemuste edastamisel tekkinud seisaku põhjusi. Raporti kohaselt oleks juhtunut saanud vältida enne valimisi suurema mahuga teste tehes. Valimiskomisjoni esimehe Heiki Sibula sõnul oli lepingu järgi süsteemi testimine kogu mahus Helmese kohustus

  14. Beauty : a growing industry

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Läti kosmeetikafirma Baltic Cosmetic Holding plaanib 2006. aastal laieneda. Ettevõte omab kosmeetikakauplusi ja ilusalonge Baltimaades ja Venemaal. Uuringu kohaselt kulutavad eestlased ja lätlased kosmeetika peale 3,5 korda vähem raha kui teiste Euroopa Liidu riikide elanikud

  15. Auto Euroopa Liidus kallim / Sulev Oll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oll, Sulev, 1964-

    2001-01-01

    Euroopa Liiduga liitumisel tuleb uue auto eest välja käia vähemalt 10 000 krooni rohkem, kuna plaanide kohaselt ei tohi liikmesriikides autode hinnaerinevused ületada 12%. Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti, 28. märts 2001, lk. 7

  16. WHO: haigekassa vajab lisaraha / Kadri Ibrus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibrus, Kadri

    2010-01-01

    Haigekassa, sotsiaalministeeriumi ja WHO koostöös valminud aruande "Võimalused Eesti tervisesüsteemi rahastamise jätkusuutlikkuse tagamiseks" kohaselt ei ole Eesti tervishoiu rahastamise süsteem kaugemas perspektiivis elujõuline. WHO soovitustest Eestile. Sotsiaalminister Hanno Pevkuri seisukoht

  17. Tervishoiutöötaja kohustused piinamise ja ebainimliku kohtlemise tuvastamisel / Mari Amos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Amos, Mari

    2008-01-01

    ÜRO piinamise ning muu julma, ebainimliku või inimväärikust alandava kohtlemise ja karistamise vastase konventsiooni artikli 10 kohaselt on tervishoiutöötaja kohustatud täitma teatud rahvusvahelisi nõudeid piinamise ja ebainimliku kohtlemise tuvastamisel

  18. Hall kirjandus võrgustunud maailmas / Anneli Kuiv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuiv, Anneli

    2003-01-01

    1997. aasta määratluse kohaselt on hall kirjandus "kirjandus, mida toodetakse kõikidel tasanditel valitsus- ja teadusasutuste, äri- ja tootmisringkondade poolt nii trükituna kui ka elektroonselt, kuid mis ei ole kirjastustööstuse kontrolli all"

  19. USA tunnistab valge fosfori relvana kasutamist Iraagis / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2005-01-01

    Kui varem USA eitas valge fosfori kasutamist Iraagis Falluja linnas, siis nüüd on ta eitamisest loobunud. USA välisministeeriumi pressiteate kohaselt ei kasutatud fosforit keemiarelvana. Sütitavate relvade kasutamine tsiviilisikute vastu on keelatud. Vt. samas: Ahto Lobjakas. Europarlamendis USA hukkamõist

  20. Lahingustress ajab USA sõdurid jooma / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 15. märts 2007, lk. 10. USA kaitseministeeriumi siseuurimuse kohaselt kasvas alkoholi kuritarvitamine tegevteenistuses olevate USA sõjaväelaste seas aastatel 2002-2005 enam kui 30%. Alkoholi ja uimastite tarvitamisest Iraagis ja Afganistanis teenivate USA sõdurite hulgas. Vt. samas: USA relvajõududes puhkes uus homoskandaal

  1. ELi 52 miljardist saab lõviosa keskkond / Hindrek Riikoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riikoja, Hindrek

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 13. veebr. lk. 3. Euroopa Liidu struktuurifondidest Eestile aastateks 2007-2013 eraldatavast 52 miljardist kroonist läheb esialgse kava kohaselt 13,4 miljardit krooni keskkonnale, 11 miljardit haridusküsimuste lahendamiseks ning 11,8 miljardit ettevõtluse ja teaduse arendamiseks. Diagramm: Euroraha saajad

  2. OECD hinnang : Eestis ei ole kõigil võrdset ligipääsu kõrgharidusele / Kadri Ibrus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibrus, Kadri

    2007-01-01

    OECD eksperdid tegid ettepaneku, et Eesti võiks juurutada süsteemi, mille kohaselt maksavad kõik üliõpilased ise poole oma õppemaksust ja riik poole. Riik peaks rahalist tuge jaotama vastavalt vajadusele, mitte üksnes heade õppetulemuste eest. Haridus- ja teadusminister Tõnis Lukase seisukoht

  3. Linnahall läheb uuest aastast puhkusele / Mari Kodres

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kodres, Mari

    2009-01-01

    Kuna amortiseerunud kandekonstruktsioonidega Tallinna Linnahall kujutab endast üha rohkem ohtu ka kükastajatele, siis suletakse kontserdisaal 1. jaanuarist 2010. Linnahalli hooldust ja haldamist kavatseb linn renoveerimistööde alguseni jätkata. Tallinn Entertainment LLC-iga sõlmitud eellepingu kohaselt sõlmitakse põhileping maikuus 2010

  4. Eesti ei maksa Natura aladel toetust 7800 krooni hektari kohta / Ain Lember

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lember, Ain

    2004-01-01

    EL 2007-2013 eelarve eelnõu kohaselt võib Natura 2000 aladel tegutsevatele põllumajandustootjatele maksta põllumajanduskõlviku hektari kohta igal aastal kuni 7800 krooni. Põllumajandusministeeriumi spetsialistid ei pea nii suurte toetuste maksmist võimalikuks

  5. Condoleezza Rice läheb Süüria-Iraani liitu lõhkuma / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 24. juuli lk. 10 lüh. USA välisministri Condoleezza Rice'i visiidist Lähis-Itta: seni avaldatud kavade kohaselt kohtub minister Iisraeli ja Palestiina juhtidega ning osaleb Roomas toimuval äsja moodustatud Liibanoni toetusgrupi koosolekul

  6. Skandaalne visioon : Portugal kaob / Allan Espenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Espenberg, Allan

    2007-01-01

    Välismaal elav Portugali kirjanik Jose Saramago tegi ettepaneku, mille kohaselt muudetaks Portugali riik üheks Hispaania provintsiks, tekkinud uus riik võiks aga kanda Iberia nime. Kaart: Uus Euroopa riik? Lisa: Õpetab ka teisi riike

  7. Eestlane on Euroopas sage koju tagasi tulija / Urmas Jaagant

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jaagant, Urmas

    2011-01-01

    Sisekaitseakadeemia Euroopa rändevõrgustiku analüüsi kohaselt on Eesti nende kolme EL-i riigi seas, mille kodanikud enim tagasi pöörduvad. EL-i liikmesriikides suurenes 2008. a. väljaränne 13%. Eestisse sisserändajatest on ligi pooled Eesti kodanikud

  8. Riigikontrolli audit kritiseerib Tallinna korterijagamisi / Dannar Leitmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leitmaa, Dannar, 1982-

    2008-01-01

    Riigikontrolli auditi tulemuste kohaselt pole Tallinn suutnud kõigile vajajatele eluasemeruumi tagada, sundüürnike probleemi lahenduses napib põhimõtteselgust, probleem on linna käitumine otsustuskorras eluruumide võõrandamisel. Abilinnapea Eha Võrgu vastus kriitikale. Lisa: 50 punkti - positiivne tulemus. Kaart

  9. Versuchter Totschlag durch Manipulation der Organzuteilung für Transplantationen? / Detlev Sternberg-Lieben, Irene Sternberg-Lieben

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sternberg-Lieben, Detlev

    2018-01-01

    Saksamaa kõrgema kohtu otsusest, mis puudutab Göttingeni haiglas toimunud juhtumit, kus maksasiirdamine tehti alkoholi tarbivale patsiendile. Saksmaal kehtestatud seaduse kohaselt tohib maksasiirdamise teha vaid siis, kui organi saaja ei ole kuus kuud alkoholi tarbinud. Lahendit vt lk. 46-52

  10. 12 innovatsioonivõimalust ettevõtetele / Mohanbir Sawhney, Robert C. Wolcott, Inigo Arroniz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sawhney, Mohanbir

    2006-01-01

    Artiklis tutvustatakse ettevõtteinnovatsiooni kui käsitlust, mille kohaselt on innovatsioonil mõte ainult siis, kui sellest tekib lisaväärtus klientidele. Samas tutvustatakse ka äriinnovatsiooni 12 mõõdet, mis moodustavad innovatsiooniradari. Lisa: Innovatsiooniradar; Konkurentide võrdlemine innovatsiooniradaril

  11. Eesti ajab autotranspordis konservatiivset kütusepoliitikat / Imbi Ernits-Kaljuste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ernits-Kaljuste, Imbi, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    2007. aastal oli bensiini ja diislikütuse kogutarbimine Eestis 1,1 mld liitrit, millest biokütus moodustas 0,06%. Prognoosi kohaselt võiks kütuse tarbimine 2010. aastal ulatuda Eestis 943 000 tonnini, millest 100%-line biodiislikütus moodustaks 9,45 ja 95%-line bioetanool 7,13%

  12. High court orders Lavents retrial / Ib Alken

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alken, Ib

    2003-01-01

    Pärast Euroopa Inimõiguste Kohtu otsust, mille kohaselt rikkus Läti riik Banka Baltija endise juhi Aleksandrs Lavents'i kohtuasja menetlemisel tema põhiõigusi, mõistis Läti Riigikohus asja uuesti läbivaatamisele

  13. Island otsib sõjalisi kaitseingleid / Allan Espenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Espenberg, Allan

    2007-01-01

    Islandil toimuvatel parlamendivalimistel peaks arvamusküsitluste kohaselt enam kui 40% valijatest toetama Iseseisvusparteid, teisele kohale jäävad sotsiaaldemokraadid 23,5% ning neile järgnevad rohelised 17,6 ja Progressiivne Partei 10%-ga. Ka Islandi-Norra kahepoolsest lepingust, mis tihendab kaitse- ja julgeolekualast koostööd

  14. Amway võrk tegutseb Eestis illegaalselt / Henrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Henrik

    2007-01-01

    Eestis leviv, kuid registreerimata otsemüügikett Amway on Suurbritannias kohtusse kaevatud, süüdistuse kohaselt on tegemist tüüpilise püramiidskeemiga, kus tulu saavad vaid väga vähesed. Lisa: Amway tooted pole Eestis registreeritud

  15. Gazprom pani Lukashenkole silmuse kaela / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Gazpromi ja Valgevene sõlmitud leppe kohaselt tõuseb gaasihind kaks korda ning hinnatõus jätkub, kuni 2011. a hakkab Valgevene tasuma Euroopaga võrdset hinda, Gazpromi käsutusse läheb pool Valgevenet läbivast gaasijuhtmest

  16. Gazprom pani Euroopas jala tugevalt maha / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Venemaa ja Saksamaa suurkokkuleppe kohaselt kasvab Gazpromi osalus BASF-i energiaüksusega loodud ühisfirmas Wingas ligi pooleni, tugevdades Vene kontserni haaret Euroopa tarneturul. Kantsler Angela Merkeli ja president Vladimir Putini kohtumine Tomskis. Lisa: Venemaal endal ei jagu energiat

  17. Eestis on juba puudu üle 400 IT-spetsialisti / Kai Simson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Simson, Kai

    2006-01-01

    Cisco Systemsi poolt 31 Ida- ja Lääne-Euroopa riigis tehtud uuringu kohaselt on Eesti IT-spetsialistidega varustatuse paremusjärjestuses alles 28. kohal. Vt. samas lühiintervjuud e-Riigi Akadeemia direktori Ivar Talloga

  18. Suhtle kodukontoris töötajatega sobivaimate kanalite kaudu / Endo Viires

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viires, Endo

    2006-01-01

    Cisco tellitud ja firma Pearn Kandola läbiviidud uuringu kohaselt on virtuaalselt suhtlevad meeskonnad ebaefektiivsemad kui need, mille liikmed eelistavad vahetut suhtlust. Liigne e-posti tähtsustamine, teadetele vastamata jätmine ja valede suhtluskanalite kasutamine võib vähendada meeskonnaliikmete vahelist usaldust. Lisa: Näpunäiteid edukaks virtuaalseks suhtlemiseks

  19. Экс-канцлера конфликт интересов не пугает / Нильс Нийтра

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Нийтра, Нильс, 1975-

    2010-01-01

    Kaitseministeeriumi vastuse kohaselt vaatasid sealsed audiitorid üle teadus-arendustegevususe uurimistoetuste maksmise ja seni sõlmitud lepingud ning selgus, et kahtlustused, nagu oleks kaitseministeeriumi endine kantsler Lauri Almann oma eraäri juba kantslerina ette valmistanud, ei vasta tõele. Autor vabandab Lauri Almanni ees

  20. Ekskantslerit ei kollita huvide konflikt / Nils Niitra

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niitra, Nils, 1975-

    2010-01-01

    Kaitseministeeriumi vastuse kohaselt vaatasid sealsed audiitorid üle teadus-arendustegevususe uurimistoetuste maksmise ja seni sõlmitud lepingud ning selgus, et kahtlustused, nagu oleks kaitseministeeriumi endine kantsler Lauri Almann oma eraäri juba kantslerina ette valmistanud, ei vasta tõele. Autor vabandab Lauri Almanni ees

  1. Bush müüks Ameerika sadamad araablastele / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 23. veebr. lk. 11. USA presidendi George W. Bushi plaani kohaselt ostaks New Yorgi, New Jersey, Philadelphia, Baltimore'i, Miami ja New Orleansi sadamad Dubai firma Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company. Mitmed USA poliitikud leiavad, et sadamate müük seab ohtu USA julgeoleku. Lisa: Välisfirmade võim

  2. Eesti Energia tahab Liivi lahes broneerida hiigeltuulepargid / Raimo Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poom, Raimo

    2010-01-01

    Eesti Energia taotleb valitsuselt viie ala broneerimist Liivi lahes, et analüüsida seal üle 300 meretuuliku püstitamise võimalikkust. Nende koguvõimsus oleks 1500 MW, Eleringi uuringu kohaselt võiks Eestis probleemideta töötada tuuleparke koguvõimsusega 600 MW

  3. Küsimused ja ohvrite omaste lein Beslanis / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    Kui Venemaa ametliku info kohaselt ei kavandanud Vene eriüksused Põhja-Osseetias Beslanis pantvangikriisiga seoses pealetungi, siis Tšetšeenia infoallikad on teisel seisukohal. Lisa: Kronoloogia. Vt. samas: Pantvangistajateks kaukaasia rahvaste ja araablaste ühiskomando

  4. Kruuda ostab Werolit Sõõrumaa abil / Martin Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Martin, 1984-

    2006-01-01

    Kondiitritööstus Kalev teatas, et sõlmis kokkuleppe U.S. Invest AS-iga, mille kohaselt AS Kalev omandab 50% suuruse osaluse Weroli aktsiatele kõrgeima pakkumise teinud Dovelin Baltic OÜ-s, mis kuulub Urmas Sõõrumaale

  5. Taavet võidab Koljati targalt tegutsedes / Costas Markides ; interv. Endrik Randoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Markides, Costas

    2007-01-01

    London Business Schooli professor Costas Markides vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tema raamatus "Fast Second" esitatud väidet, mille kohaselt esimesena uuele turule tulnud ettevõttest saab harva pikas perspektiivis turuliider, kuid samas on edukad just teisena turule sisenevad ettevõtted

  6. Tööpuudus vähenes mullu rekordilises tempos / Erik Gamzejev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gamzejev, Erik, 1967-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 28. veebr. 2007, lk. 5. Statistikaameti andmete kohaselt vähenes töötute arv Ida-Virumaal mullu 10 700-ni, mis on kolme tuhande võrra vähem kui aasta varem. Skeem: Töötuse langus

  7. USA sõdib terrorismi vastu sobimatul moel / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Mõttekoja Rand Corporation analüüsi kohaselt ei piisa USA-l islamiekstremistidega võitlemisel vaid vägede suurendamisest, panustada tuleb kohalike võimude tõhustamisse, nende paremasse koolitamisse ja infovahetusse. Lisa: Guantanamo kuuik kohtu all

  8. Lühike sissevaade hääle problemaatikasse / Viivian Jõemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõemets, Viivian

    2006-01-01

    Arendatakse edasi Roland Barthesѫi väidet, mille kohaselt ei kuulu hääl ühegi teadusvaldkonna kompetentsi. Käsitletakse mõisteid keel, hääl, kiri ja tähendus ning vaadeldakse nendevahelisi seoseid

  9. Prezident opravdajet doverije / Enver Gafarlõ

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gafarlõ, Enver

    2004-01-01

    Aserbaidžaanis korraldatud küsitlusuuringust, mille kohaselt peab üle 70% valijatest aasta tagasi toimunud presidendivalimisi ausateks ja ligi 80% valijaist oleks praegu taas valmis president Ilham Alijevi poolt hääletama. Uuringus esitatud küsimustest

  10. SEB Eesti juht Ahti Asmann : kokkuhoid on hea mõte nii heal kui ka halval ajal / Ahti Asmann ; interv. Andres Reimer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Asmann, Ahti, 1973-

    2007-01-01

    Ühispanga juhi sõnul toimub panga prognoosi kohaselt järgmisel aastal Eesti majanduses korrektsioon, mis viib kasvu neljale protsendile, 2009. aastal kasvab majandus taas 5-6%. Tema hinnangul on finantstoodetesse investeerimine see, kuhu me Eestis edasi liigume. SEB Grupi laienemisplaanid on seotud ennekõike Ukrainaga

  11. Unustage töö ja eraelu tasakaal - seda pole olemas / Karen Schmidt ; kommenteerinud Adrian Furnham, Milvi Tepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schmidt, Karen

    2014-01-01

    Viimaste uuringute kohaselt ei eksisteeri tänapäeva maailmas tasakaalu töö ja eraelu vahel, töö ja eraelu on põimunud - töööajal aetakse isiklikke asju, vaba aega kasutatakse töö tegemiseks. Üle-euroopalisest Samsungi töötajate uuringust

  12. Miks IMF ei kiirusta riike rahanduskriisist päästma? / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Mitu riiki taotleb IMF-ilt kriisiabi, IMF esitab neile abi andmiseks rangeid nõudeid. Varasemates kriisides on IMF-i rahast piisanud, kuid suuremaid tööstusriike ta välja aidata ei suudaks, selle juhi Dominique Strauss-Kahni prognoosi kohaselt peab IMF seekord välja andma sadu miljardeid dollareid. Lisa: Pangajuhti tabas seksiskandaal

  13. Tamkivi: CO₂ kvoodi hulk ei vähene kindlasti / Raimo Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poom, Raimo

    2010-01-01

    Keskkonnaminister Jaanus Tamkivi selgituse kohaselt pole Eesti CO₂ kvoodi jaotuskava valitsusele arutamiseks antud ega Euroopa Komisjonile kinnitamiseks saadetud sellepärast, et on muudetud kvoodi hulga paikapanemise strageegiat. Erinevalt eelmisest korrast üritatakse leida Euroopa Komisjoniga kompromiss enne seda, kui Eestis jaotuskava eelnõu koos soovitava kvoodi hulgaga n.-ö. lukku pannakse ja Brüsselisse saadetakse

  14. Poliitikud kaitsevad saadikute kulude hüvitamise süsteemi / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2006-01-01

    Erakondade juhtpoliitikud on rahul praeguse parlamendiliikmete kulude hüvitamise süsteemiga, mille kohaselt hüvitatakse neile kuludokumentide alusel kulutused kuni 30 protsendi ulatuses palgast. Vt. samas: Tuuli Koch. Künka kosilased. Lisa: Hea teenistus

  15. Aidsiraport tekitab kahtlusi / Karin Volmer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Volmer, Karin

    2008-01-01

    Kuigi ÜRO raporti kohaselt on aidsi levik taanduma hakanud, pelgavad eksperdid, et muunduv haigus lööb näilise stabiliseerumise peagi segamini. Eesti aidsi tugikeskuse juhataja Jüri Kalikovi sõnul Eestis alust stabiliseerumisest rääkida ei ole. Lisa: Petlikud numbrid

  16. Oh, olla Inglismaal... / Aino Aaspõllu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aaspõllu, Aino, 1941-

    2005-01-01

    Dendroloog Aino Aaspõllu tutvustab Inglismaa Cornwalli ja Devoni krahvkonna aedade ja parkide taimeküllust ning kujundust. Kuningliku Aiandusseltsi Rosemore'i aedadest, Terbah', Forde Abbey, Bictoni ja Knightshayes Courti (sai praeguse kujunduse Humphry Reptoni (1752-1818) visiooni kohaselt) parkidest, Savill Gardenist, Burrow' talupargist (1959) jm. 11 ill

  17. Nobeli rahupreemia: vastuolulised valikud ilma Obamatagi / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2009-01-01

    Autor käsitleb Nobeli rahupreemia andmist USA presidentidele Barack Obamale, Theodore Rooseveltile, Woodrow Wilsonile, asepresident Al Gore'ile ja ekspresident Jimmy Carterile ning politoloog Ronald Krebsi artiklit "Ohtlik auhind? Nobeli rahupreemia valelubadus", mille kohaselt on Nobeli komitee II maailmasõjast saadik kaugenenud algsest rahupreemia mandaadist

  18. Rahva kehv tervis pidurdab majanduskasvu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Sotsiaalministeeriumi, WHO ja poliitikauuringute keskuse Praxis analüüsi kohaselt on Eestis halva tervise tõttu 50 000 töövõimetut, Eesti meeste eluiga on tunduvalt lühem kui EL-i vanades liikmesriikides, võrreldes Soomega on 25-65-aastaste Eesti meeste surmarisk kolm korda suurem

  19. Austria uuringu tõlgendus: Eesti on eurotsooni must majandus / Kaja Koovit ; kommenteerinud Maria Alajõe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koovit, Kaja, 1968-

    2011-01-01

    Austrias asuva Linzi ülikooli uuringu kohaselt moodustab varimajandus Eesti majandusest kolmandiku. SSE Riga ehk Stockholmi majanduskooli Riias Balti varimajanduse uuringu põhjal võib varimajanduse osakaal Eestis olla 19,4 protsenti. Varimajanduse alal maailma juhtivaks eksperdiks peetava Friedrich Schneideri uuringust. Marje Josingu ja Juhan Partsi hinnanguid. Tabel: Varimajandus

  20. Briti peaminister Tony Blair rühib ajaloolisele kolmandale võidule / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2005-01-01

    Suurbritannias algas parlamendivalimiste kampaania. Arvamusküsitluste kohaselt on Tony Blairil võimalus võita esimese leiboristist peaministrina kolmandad järjestikused valimised. Lisad: Naised pööravad Blairist ära; Blairi käsikiri otsis kõmulehe lugejate toetust

  1. Pareto printsiip

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Itaalia majandusteadlase Vilfredo Pareto jõudmisest oma kuulsa printsiibini ja selle printsiibi mõjust tänapäevasele juhtimisele. Pareto printsiibi kohaselt ei aita suurem osa tegevusest meid tulemuseni jõuda, vaid on aja raiskamine. Diagramm

  2. Принцип Парето

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Itaalia majandusteadlase Vilfredo Pareto jõudmisest oma kuulsa printsiibini ja selle printsiibi mõjust tänapäevasele juhtimisele. Pareto printsiibi kohaselt ei aita suurem osa tegevusest meid tulemuseni jõuda, vaid on aja raiskamine. Diagramm

  3. Smith, Keynes and the monetary misconceptions of modern economics / James E O'Neil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    O'Neil, James E

    2005-01-01

    Autor püüab ümber lükata müüti, mille kohaselt oleme jõudnud uue Võrdsuse Kultuuri lävele ning väidab, et kõiki asjaolusid arvesse võttes tuleks praegust aega nimetada pigem Võlakultuuri Ajastuks

  4. Alkohol ja uimastid köidavad teismelisi järjest nooremalt / Airi Ilisson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilisson, Airi, 1980-

    2004-01-01

    Eelmisel aastal Eesti koolides korraldatud uuringu kohaselt on noorte seas populaarsed kange alkohol ja kanep. Järjest enam tarvitavad mõnuaineid tütarlapsed. Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli rahvusvaheliste ja sotsiaaluuringute instituudi teadur A.-A. Allaste kommenteerib instituudi korraldatud uuringut noorte uimastitarbimisest. Lisaks joonis: Õpilaste uimastitarvitamine

  5. Prügi tekkekohas sortimise kavatsus on läbi kukkunud / Anti Ronk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ronk, Anti

    2004-01-01

    Korteriühistute ja prügifirmade kogemuste kohaselt ei ole Eesti inimesed harjunud prügi sorteerima ega kasuta vastavaid konteinereid. Kommentaarid Lauka korteriühistu eksjuhilt Nelli Vahemetsalt ja Ragn-Sellsi müügijuhilt Maren Pärnalt. Lisa: Prügi

  6. 2008. aastal tuleb SEPA. Mida see tähendab?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Finansovõi Menedzhment : infovõpusk nr. 9 nov. lk. 8-10. Alates 2008. aastast peaks Euroopa Komisjoni kava kohaselt alustama toimimist Euroopa Liidu ühtne makseala SEPA (Single Euro Payments Area), mis aitab kaasa pangateenuste hinna ühtlustumisele liikmesriikides. Lisad. Tabelid: SEPA-propaganda; SEPA asjatundjad Eestis

  7. Konjunktuuribaromeetrid : juuni 2007 / K. Martens, A. Vanamölder, E. Ahermaa...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Konjunktuur : Quaterly Review of the Estonian Economy Sep/2007 nr. 2 lk. 15-22. Eesti majandus jahenes 2007. aasta II kvartalis, prognooside kohaselt jätkub 6 kuu jooksul mõõdukas langus. Diagrammid. Graafikud. Tabelid

  8. Versuchter Totschlag durch Manipulation der Organzuteilung für Transplantationen? / Detlev Sternberg-Lieben, Irene Sternberg-Lieben

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sternberg-Lieben, Detlev

    2018-01-01

    Saksamaa kõrgema kohtu otsusest, mis puudutab Göttingeni haiglas toimunud juhtumit, kus maksasiirdamine tehti alkoholi tarbivale patsiendile, Saksmaal kehtestatud seaduse kohaselt tohib maksasiirdamise teha vaid siis, kui organi saaja ei ole kuus kuud alkoholi tarbinud. Lahendit vaata lk. 46-52

  9. Rohkem kodu, vähem laenu / Urmas Reinsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinsalu, Urmas, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Den za Dnjom, 2. märts 2007, lk. 18. IRL ettepaneku kohaselt peaks riik toetama lisameetmena sündimuse kasvu, toetades perede elamistingimuste parandamist, plaanides aidata neid lastega peresid, kes on võtnud Eestis tegutsevatest krediidiasutustest laenu, et oma kodu renoveerida või hankida

  10. Taliban ähvardab kevade lähenedes veriste rünnakutega / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2007-01-01

    Afganistanis andis Suurbritannia NATO juhitava koalitsiooniväe ISAF juhtimise üle USA-le. Taliban haaras võimu Musa Qala linnas, kus kokkuleppe kohaselt pidid korda hakkama hoidma hõimupealikud. Islamiliikumise ühe liidri mulla Hayatullah Khani sõnul ollakse alustamas sõda, võitlejaid valmistatakse ette suitsiidirünnakuteks

  11. Lending conspiracy alleged by Slesers

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Peaministri kandidaat Ainars Slesers väitis telesaates "900 sekundit", et Läti valitsusel on sõlmitud rahvusvaheliste kreeditoridega salalepe, mille kohaselt erastatakse pärast parlamendivalimisi riigiettevõtted. Peaminister Valdis Dombrovskis ütles ajakirjale "Ir", et valitsusel ei ole selliseid plaane

  12. Appi! Mida ette võtta? / Siret Seeder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seeder, Siret

    2009-01-01

    Harmooniaõpetus feng shui on Hiina filosoofia haru, mille kohaselt on võimalik inimest ümbritsevate ja temas toimivale energiate harmoniseerimise abil luua selline elutee nagu soovime. Ühe abivahendina kasutatakse ruumi. Spetsialist Siret Seeder tutvustab intuitiivse e vormikoolkonna bagua 8 tsooni teooriat

  13. "Krengolm" obeshtshajet potesnit Pakistan / Irina Tokareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tokareva, Irina

    2008-01-01

    Kreenholmi uue peadirektori Igor Poleshtshuki plaani kohaselt tuleks ettevõtte toodangu müügihinnad viia vastavusse maailmaturu hindadega, alandada tootmise omahinda tellimuste arvu suurendamisega, saada tagasi kaotatud tellijad Euroopast ja leida uusi eelkõige Venemaa turult. Ilmunud ka: Narvskaja Nedelja 13. dets. lk. 3

  14. 77 FR 47063 - Notice of Availability of Draft Revisions; Upland Erosion Control, Revegetation, and Maintenance...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-07

    ... section V.B.3.g. that address construction through waterbodies that are dry or frozen, and VI.B.2.f. that... Waterbody Construction and Mitigation Procedures; Request for Comments The staff of the Office of Energy... Waterbody Construction and Mitigation Procedures (Procedures), last updated January 17, 2003. In accordance...

  15. The Shock and Vibration Digest. Volume 13, Number 5

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-05-01

    Efficiency Method J.R. Willis R.K. Jeyapalan and P.E. Doak School of Mathematics, Bath Univ., Claverton Down, Inst. Sound Vib. Res., Univ. of Southampton S09...Grossman, D.T ............ 947 Jepson, D ............... 873 Lew, H.S ............... 1158 Guex, L ................ 974 Jeyapalan , R.K.......... 1047 Lewis

  16. Pitchen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eelco Bakker

    2013-01-01

    Presentatie Workshop Elevator Pitch: jezelf en jouw onderneming succesvol presenteren - Workshopprogramma ViB050. Gehouden op 07-05-2013. Binnen het CVO Groningen stimuleert het Groningen Center of Enterpreneurship Value050 valorisatie door het ontwikkelen en ondersteunen van ondernemerschap en

  17. A series of poly(butylimidazolium) ionic liquid functionalized copolymers for anion exchange membranes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouadah, Amina; Xu, Hulin; Luo, Tianwei; Gao, Shuitao; Wang, Xing; Fang, Zhou; Jing, Chaojun; Zhu, Changjin

    2017-12-01

    A new series of ionic liquid functionalized copolymers for anion exchange membranes (AEM) is prepared. Poly(butylvinylimidazolium)(b-VIB) is copolymerized with para-methyl styrene (p-MS) by the radical polymerization formed block copolymers b-VIB/p-MS, which is crosslinked with poly(diphenylether bibenzimidazole) (DPEBI) providing the desired materials b-VIB/p-MS/DPEBI. Structures are characterized via H1NMR, FTIR spectra and elemental analysis. The b-VIB blocks offer the anion conduction function while DPEBI moieties contribute to enhancing other properties. The prepared membranes display chloride conductivity as high as 19.5 mS/cm at 25 °C and 69.2 mS/cm at 100 °C-higher than that of the commercial membrane tokuyuama A201-. Their hydroxide conductivity reaches 35.7 Scm-1 at 25 °C and 73.1 Scm-1 at 100 °C. The membranes showed a linear Arrhenius behavior in the anion conduction, low activation energies and distinguished nanophase separation of hydrophilic/hydrophobic regions by the transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies. Thermal investigations using TGA and DSC confirm that the membranes are stable up to 250 °C. Particularly, drastically alkaline stability due to no decrease in the hydroxide conductivity after 168 h of treatment with 2M KOH.

  18. Isolation of a cytolytic component from naja nigricollis nigricollis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is partially pure as indicated by SDS-PAGE, with molecular weight approximately 10 kDa. It has no protease or phospholipase activity. It is a ... Small doses of VIb induced lysis in breast, colon and hepatocellular carcinomas cell lines in tissue culture plates. Keywords: Naja cytotoxin, Hemolytic, Cytolysis, malignant cells ...

  19. Prediction of two-dimensional diluted magnetic semiconductors: Doped monolayer MoS2 systems

    KAUST Repository

    Cheng, Yingchun; Guo, Z. B.; Mi, W. B.; Schwingenschlö gl, Udo; Zhu, Zhiyong

    2013-01-01

    Using first-principles calculations, we propose a two-dimensional diluted magnetic semiconductor: monolayer MoS2 doped by transition metals. Doping of transition metal atoms from the IIIB to VIB groups results in nonmagnetic states, since the number

  20. Raamat või film? / Lauri Birkan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Birkan, Lauri

    2005-01-01

    Harri Potteri fänn süüvib neljanda J.K. Rowlingu Potteri raamatu ekraniseeringusse "Harry Potter ja tulepeeker" ("Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire") : režissöör Mike Newell : Suurbritannia-USA 2005

  1. On the nature of the excess heat capacity of mixing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benisek, Artur; Dachs, Edgar

    2011-03-01

    The excess vibrational entropy (Δ S {vib/ex}) of several silicate solid solutions are found to be linearly correlated with the differences in end-member volumes (Δ V i ) and end-member bulk moduli (Δκ i ). If a substitution produces both, larger and elastically stiffer polyhedra, then the substituted ion will find itself in a strong enlarged structure. The frequency of its vibration is decreased because of the increase in bond lengths. Lowering of frequencies produces larger heat capacities, which give rise to positive excess vibrational entropies. If a substitution produces larger but elastically softer polyhedra, then increase and decrease of mean bond lengths may be similar in magnitude and their effect on the vibrational entropy tends to be compensated. The empirical relationship between Δ S {vib/ex}, Δ V i and Δκ i , as described by Δ S {vib/ex} = (Δ V i + mΔκ i ) f, was calibrated on six silicate solid solutions (analbite-sanidine, pyrope-grossular, forsterite-fayalite, analbite-anorthite, anorthite-sanidine, CaTs-diopside) yielding m = 0.0246 and f = 2.926. It allows the prediction of Δ S {vib/ex} behaviour of a solid solution based on its volume and bulk moduli end-member data.

  2. 77 FR 2466 - Approval, Disapproval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Colorado: Smoke...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-18

    ... limitations for new cement manufacturing sources. This revision was removed by the State prior to the... the reference to new cement manufacturing plants in Section VI.B.4.i. The ``Proposed Action'' section... submittal changed Section III.C.1.a. regarding manufacturing processes emission rates, to clarify that the...

  3. The Shock and Vibration Digest, Volume 17, Number 8

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-08-01

    Spectrum at Low 6. R andom Imperfections for Dynamic Frequencies -- D.O. SMALLWOOD , Sandia Pulse Buckling -- H.E. LINDBERG, APTEK, National...Stress, Rel. Des., Trans. Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman , OK ASME, W07 (1), pp 19-25 (Jan 1985), 11 J. Vib., Acoust. Stress, Rel. Des., Trans. figs, 13 refs

  4. Untitled

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Kant S, Munjal M L, Rao D LP 1974 Waves in branched hydraulic pipes. J. Sound Vib. 37: 507-519. Kakoty S K 1989 Bulk reaction modelling of lined ducts with and without mean flow, M E dissertation,. Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. Kathuriya M. L., Munjai Mil 1975 An accurate method for the experimental ...

  5. Quantifying the Performances of DFT for Predicting Vibrationally Resolved Optical Spectra: Asymmetric Fluoroborate Dyes as Working Examples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bednarska, Joanna; Zaleśny, Robert; Bartkowiak, Wojciech; Ośmiałowski, Borys; Medved', Miroslav; Jacquemin, Denis

    2017-09-12

    This article aims at a quantitative assessment of the performances of a panel of exchange-correlation functionals, including semilocal (BLYP and PBE), global hybrids (B3LYP, PBE0, M06, BHandHLYP, M06-2X, and M06-HF), and range-separated hybrids (CAM-B3LYP, LC-ωPBE, LC-BLYP, ωB97X, and ωB97X-D), in predicting the vibrationally resolved absorption spectra of BF 2 -carrying compounds. To this end, for 19 difluoroborates as examples, we use, as a metric, the vibrational reorganization energy (λ vib ) that can be determined based on the computationally efficient linear coupling model (a.k.a. vertical gradient method). The reference values of λ vib were determined by employing the CC2 method combined with the cc-pVTZ basis set for a representative subset of molecules. To validate the performances of CC2, comparisons with experimental data have been carried out as well. This study shows that the vibrational reorganization energy, involving Huang-Rhys factors and normal-mode frequencies, can indeed be used to quantify the reliability of functionals in the calculations of the vibrational fine structure of absorption bands, i.e., an accurate prediction of the vibrational reorganization energy leads to absorption band shapes better fitting the selected reference. The CAM-B3LYP, M06-2X, ωB97X-D, ωB97X, and BHandHLYP functionals all deliver vibrational reorganization energies with absolute relative errors smaller than 20% compared to CC2, whereas 10% accuracy can be achieved with the first three functionals. Indeed, the set of examined exchange-correlation functionals can be divided into three groups: (i) BLYP, B3LYP, PBE, PBE0, and M06 yield inaccurate band shapes (λ vib,TDDFT poor band topologies (λ vib,TDDFT > λ vib,CC2 ). This study also demonstrates that λ vib can be reliably estimated using the CC2 model and the relatively small cc-pVDZ basis set. Therefore, the linear coupling model combined with the CC2/cc-pVDZ level of theory can be used as a very efficient

  6. Matéria orgânica e infiltração da água em solo sob consórcio milho e forrageiras Soil organic matter and water infiltration under maize and forage intercropping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana H Sato

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available A infiltração é o processo pelo qual a água penetra no solo através de sua superfície e sua dinâmica pode ser condicionada por diversos fatores, dentre eles os sistemas de manejo do solo adotados. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estimar a velocidade de infiltração da água e os teores de matéria orgânica do solo em sistema de consórcio milho e forrageiras. O experimento foi realizado em delineamento de blocos casualizados, com três repetições. Foram estudados os efeitos de cinco tratamentos submetidos ao manejo de plantio direto: 1 Milho Solteiro (Zea mays L. ; 2 Braquiária Humidícola (Brachiaria humidicola; 3 Consórcio Milho e Braquiária Humidícola; 4 Capim Aruana (Panicum maximum cv. Aruana; 5 Consórcio Milho e Capim Aruana. Utilizou-se, para determinação da velocidade de infiltração básica (VIB, o método dos infiltrômetros de cilindros concêntricos. Outros atributos físicos do solo e a matéria orgânica do solo foram avaliados buscando-se associá-los aos valores de VIB encontrados. Os resultados revelaram que sob plantio direto os sistemas apresentaram elevados valores de VIB. O sistema Milho Solteiro apresentou a maior VIB e a inserção de forrageiras nos sistemas provocou redução da VIB; todos os sistemas apresentaram diminuição dos teores de matéria orgânica em profundidade.Infiltration is a process by which water penetrates through the soil by its surface, and its dynamics can be influenced by several factors, among them, the soil management system adopted. The objective of this work was to estimate water infiltration rate and soil organic matter content in maize and forage intercropping systems. The experiment was conducted in a randomized block design with three replications. Five treatments under no-tillage management were evaluated: 1 Corn (Zea mays L. , 2 Brachiaria humidicola (Brachiaria humidicola, 3 Corn and Brachiaria humidicola intercropping, 4 Aruana grass (Panicum maximum cv. Aruana, 5 Corn

  7. Raman study of vibrational dephasing in liquid CH3CN and CD3CN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schroeder, J.; Schiemann, V.H.; Sharko, P.T.; Jonas, J.

    1977-01-01

    The Raman line shapes of the ν 1 (a 1 ) C--H and C--D fundamentals in liquid acetonitrile and acetonitrile-d 3 have been measured as a function of pressure up to 4 kbar within the temperature interval 30--120 degreeC. Densities have also been determined. From the isotropic component of the vibrational Raman band shape the vibrational relaxation times have been obtained as a function of temperature and pressure (density). The experimental results can be summarized as follows: (i) as T increases at constant density rho, the vibrational relaxation rate (tau/sub vib/) -1 increases; (ii) at constant T as density is raised tau/sub vib/ -1 increases; (iii) at constant pressure the T increase produces higher tau/sub vib/ -1 , however, the change is more pronounced for the CD 3 CN liquid. Isotopic dilution studies of the CH 3 CN/CD 3 CN mixtures shows no significant effect on (tau/sub vib/ -1 ). The experimental data are interpreted in terms of the Kubo stochastic line shape theory and the dephasing model of Fischer and Laubereau. The results based on Kubo formalism indicate that dephasing is the dominant relaxation mechanism and that the modulation is fast. The isolated binary collision model proposed by Fischer and Laubereau for vibrational dephasing reproduces the essential features of the density and temperature dependence of the (tau/sub vib/) -1 and suggests that pure dephasing is the dominant broadening mechanism for the isotropic line shapes studied. In the calculation the elastic collision times were approximated by the Enskog relaxation times

  8. Rahvusvaheline juhend annab suunised looduslike pühapaikade kaitsmiseks / Ahto Kaasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaasik, Ahto, 1969-

    2012-01-01

    2011. aastal korraldatud uuringust selgus, et 70% eestimaalastest peab looduslike pühapaikade kaitsmist tähtsaks. Samal aastal ilmus eesti keeles Rahvsuvahelise Looduskaitseliidu juhend looduslike pühapaikade kaitsmiseks. Juhendi kohaselt on pühapaigad põlisrahvaste vanimad looduskaitsealad. Põhimõtteliselt on kogu eesti rahvas põlisrahva järeltulija. Kuna Eestis ei ole riigiusku, siis ei saa eestkostjaks olla ükski riigiasutus. Kõikide Eesti pühapaikade eestkostjaks on Maavalla koda

  9. Andres Lipstok : 2008. aasta kustutab Eestist odava allhanke ettevõtted / Andres Lipstok ; interv. Andres Reimer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lipstok, Andres, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Vesti Dnja 21. jaan. lk. 5. Eesti Panga presidendi sõnul jõuab praeguse prognoosi kohaselt majandus kasvukiiruse madalseisu esimesel poolaastal, mõni ettevõte, mis kasutab näiteks odavat tööjõudu, võib minna pankrotti. Prognoosi põhjal ei tohiks Eesti majandus tänavu nulli langeda. Selgitus, miks Eesti peaks ikkagi eurole üle minema ja seda võimalikult kiiresti

  10. Kõigi maade proletaarlased, ühinege? / Villu Zirnask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zirnask, Villu, 1966-

    2008-01-01

    ILO raporti "Global Wage Report 2008/09" kohaselt on suuremas osas riikides kasvanud palgad aeglasemalt kui SKT. ILO on seisukohal, et ametiühingutele tuleks anda "uus hingamine" - maades, kus kollektiivlepingutega on seotud üle 30% töötajatest, on majanduskasvuga kaasnenud suurem reaalpalkade kasv kui riikides, kus kollektiivlepingute osakaal on väiksem. Diagrammid: Palgad Euroopas 1995-2007; Reaalpalga keskmine aastakasv

  11. Minister arutas Abu Dhabis küberkaitset

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2017-01-01

    Kaitseminister Margus Tsahkna arutas kohtumisel Araabia Ühendemiraatide kaitseministriga küberkaitse koostöövõimalusi. Tsahkna kohtus koos Eesti ettevõttega Milrem Araabia Ühendemiraatide suurima kaitsetööstusettevõttega IGG Aselsan Systems. Milrem ja IGG sõlmisid lepingu, mille kohaselt Milrem hakkab Araabia Ühendemiraatidele müüma mehitamata roomiksõidukeid

  12. Julgus palgata puuetega inimesi annaks töökäsi / Agne Narusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Narusk, Agne, 1971-

    2005-01-01

    AS-is Standard töötab neli puudega töömeest. Tööandjate keskliidu infojuhi Kadri Seederi hinnangul on mööda saamas aeg, mil tööandjad pelgasid puudega töötajatega kaasnevaid lisakohustusi. Lisa: Tasuta abivahendid. 2002. aasta uuringu kohaselt töötas 27% puudega inimestest. Tugiisiku abi

  13. iPhone'i peab saama lukust lahti teha / Dannar Leitmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leitmaa, Dannar, 1982-

    2008-01-01

    Kuigi Euroopa Liidu direktiivi kohaselt peab mobiiltelefoni omanikul olema võimalus telefoni lukustusest avada, näeb iPhone'i tootva Apple'i ärimudel ette iPhone'i ostmist ühelt operaatorilt. iPhone 3G telefonide ametlik maaletooja Eestis on EMT, kes pakub neid müügiks kahes erinevas hinnapaketis. Lisa: Juba öösel seisti pikas järjekorras

  14. Noorarstid ei põruta välismaale / Madli Zobel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zobel, Madli, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Tänu residentuuris töötavate arstide palgatõusule 9000 kroonini on vähenenud arstieriala lõpetanute välismaale tööle asumine. Riigikontrolli auditi kohaselt on aastaks 2025 tööealisi arste üle kümnendiku vähem kui praegu, juhul kui tervishoiutöötajate koolitust jätkatakse samal tasemel

  15. Kütusefirmade huvid sundisid pöörama keskkonnale selja. Minister Tamkivi kiire meelemuutus / Väinu Rozental

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rozental, Väinu, 1957-

    2011-01-01

    Keskkonnaminister Jaanus Tamkivi muutis kardinaalselt määrust, millele ta oli alla kirjutanud kaks nädalat tagasi. Muudatuse kohaselt lubatakse osas sõidukites kasutada suurema väävlisisaldusega keskkonnale kahjulikumat kütust. Autori sõnul tekitab see küsimuse, kelle huvides minister tegutses. MTÜ Eesti Õliühing tegevdirektori Toomas Saksa arvamusi ja hinnanguid

  16. Töölepingu sõlmimise erinevad võimalused lähtuvalt Euroopa Liidu direktiivist 91/533/EEC / Merle Muda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Muda, Merle, 1972-

    1998-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu direktiivist "Tööandja kohustuse kohta teavitada töötajaid töölepingule või töösuhtele kohaldavatest tingimustest", töölepingu sõlmimisest Euroopa riikides ning töölepingu reguleerimisest Eesti kehtiva seadusandluse, tööseadustiku eelnõu ja võlaõigusseaduse eelnõu kohaselt

  17. Kordistamine uue majandus- ja juhtimismudeli tunnus. Kordistamise matemaatiline mudel / Tõnis Mets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mets, Tõnis, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Kordistusmehhanismi mudeli kohaselt võib teadmusinvesteeringu rentaablus globaalsesse korporatsioonistruktuuri investeerimisel ületada üksikettevõtte samalaadse investeeringu rentaablust enam kordi kui on globaalses võrgus ettevõtteid. Mudel väärib analüüsi, et leida Eesti ettevõtete võimalusi globaalses konkurentsis ning planeerida vastavat ettevõtluse toetamise ja innovatsioonistrateegiat. Graafikud. Tabel

  18. Ilves kohtub juunikuus Bushiga / Raimo Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poom, Raimo

    2007-01-01

    Valgest Majast tulnud teate kohaselt toimub Eesti presidendi Toomas Hendrik Ilvese ja USA presidendi George W. Bushi kohtumine 25. juunil 2007 Washingtonis. President T.H. Ilvese visiidist teavitamise ajastus on tugev signaal USA toetusest Eestile. Vahetult enne presidentide kohtumise avalikustamist kiitis USA senat heaks Eestit toetava resolutsiooni. USA välisministri Condoleezza Rice'i, USA kongresmeni John Shimkuse ja USA abivälisministri Daniel Friedi arvamusi. Lisa: USA senat: Eestil on õigus

  19. Eestlased rabelevad 52 miljardi krooni jagamise pärast / Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aru, Erik

    2006-01-01

    Eesti saab aastatel 2007-2013 EL-i struktuurifondidelt 52 miljardit krooni, rahandusministeerium koostab riiklikku struktuurivahendite kasutamise strateegiat. Res Publica esimees Taavi Veskimägi kavatseb esitada seaduseparanduse, mille kohaselt peaks struktuurivahendite strateegia kinnitama Riigikogu. Struktuurivahendite jagamine loob EAS-i juhataja Alar Kolgi sõnul Eestis seniolematu majandusharu: projektijuhtimissektori. Lisa: EL-i raha loob uue majandussektori. Vt. samas: Andrus Ansip, Valdo Kalm, Heido Vitsur, Leev Kuum ja Linnar Viik vastavad küsimusele, mis on innovatsioon

  20. Kuhu küll raha kasvama panna? / Silvia Viidik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viidik, Silvia, 1972-

    2010-01-01

    Bloomberg korraldas oma kõige professionaalsemate klientide küsitluse parimate ja halvimate investeerimisvõimaluste väljaselgitamiseks. Küsitluse kohaselt on parimad investeerimise sihtkohad Brasiilia, Hiina ja India, mõnevõrra vähem eelistatakse USA-d. Kehvemateks piirkondadeks peeti Euroopa Liitu, Jaapanit, Suurbritanniat ja ka USA-d. Enim võib teenida aktsiaturgudel ja toorainetes

  1. Kotkapoja sünd / Vahur Made

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Made, Vahur, 1971-2017

    2008-01-01

    Autor leiab Kosovo iseseisvumisega seoses, et on kujunemas uus rahvusvahelise poliitika arusaam, mille kohaselt sõltub iseseisvumise edukus eelkõige sellest, kes selle taga seisab. Kosovo iseseisvumine on tõenäoliselt edukas, sest seda toetab USA koos EL-i ja NATO-ga. Eesti-poolne Kosovo iseseisvuse tunnustamine tugevdab EL-i välispoliitilist üksmeelt

  2. Kofi Annan tahab kõnelusi Kosovo lõppstaatuse üle / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Kuni pole selge, milline staatus Kosovot tulevikus ootab, ei ole välisettevõtted huvitatud pikaajaliste investeeringute tegemisest selles piirkonnas. ÜRO eriesindaja Kai Eide raporti kohaselt on Kosovo teinud märkimisväärseid edusamme, kõnelused Kosovo tulevase staatuse üle võiksid alata juba sel aastal. Lisa: Läbirääkijate kolm tingimust

  3. Terrorihirmus USA võimud jälgisid pangatehinguid / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2006-01-01

    New York Times esitatud andmete kohaselt on president Bushi administratsioon neli ja pool aastat rahvusvahelise pangandustehinguid koordineeriva organisatsiooni SWIFT vahendusel kontrollinud riigi elanike rahvusvahelisi pangatehinguid. Mitmete kolumnistide arvates on eraelu puutumatuse põhimõttega mindud vastuollu. President Bushi administratsioon kinnitas, et jälitustegevus oli vajalik USA julgeoleku tagamiseks. Lisa: USA jälgib. Vt. samas: Iraagi mässulised ähvardavad Briti sõdurite peresid

  4. Kohalik tööstus pelgab pankade ja väliskapitali kokkumängu / Margit Aedla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aedla, Margit, 1970-

    2003-01-01

    Tallinna Piimatööstuse juhatuse esimees Aare Annus spekuleerib võimaluse üle, mille kohaselt võidakse Eesti ühinemisel EL-iga hakata rootslaste omanduses olevate pankade kaudu mõjutama meie ettevõtete käekäiku, sest kardetakse sealsete turuliidrite positsioonide halvenemist. Eesti Ühispanga juht Ain Hanschmidt ja Hansapanga juht Indrek Neivelt välistavad sellise võimaluse

  5. Mazheikiu Nafta otsib uut omanikku / Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salu, Mikk, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Autori sõnul on alanud kõige kõrgemal tasemel võitlus, kes saab Mazeikiu Nafta uueks omanikuks. Et mitte anda Jukosele võimalust müüa aktsiad ükskõik kellele, võeti Leedus vastu seadus, mille kohaselt on valitsusel võimalus naftafirma tagasiostmiseks laenu kasutada. Mazeikiu Nafta võimalikest ostjatest. Diagrammid: Balti riikide suurim rahamasin. Lisa: Väikeaktsionärid pimeduses

  6. Sõdu jääb maailmas iga aastaga järjest vähemaks / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Kanada päritolu politoloog Andrew Mack esitles ÜRO peakorteris oma uurimust, mille kohaselt on nii sõdades kui ka konfliktide tõttu hukkunute arv järjekindlalt vähenenud ning sõjaliste konfliktide hulk alates 1992. aastast vähenenud 40%. Kaart: Sõdade arv on oluliselt vähenenud. Lisa: ÜRO tegevusel siiski ka tulemus

  7. Advokaadid maksupettuses uurimise all / Heidit Kaio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaio, Heidit, 1971-

    2003-01-01

    Kaitsepolitsei on jõudnud endise rahandusministri Tõnis Paltsi majandustegevuse uurimisel versioonini, mille kohaselt on advokatuuri esimees Üllar Talviste ja mitmed advokatuuri liikmed organiseerinud maksupettusi läbi offshore-firma Heta Inc., kusjuures T. Paltsiga seotud liin on üks mitmest. Kommenteerib Tõnis Palts. Vt. samas: Tõnis Palts pöördub pressinõukogu poole ; Heta Inc. rahavahendusskeem

  8. Laguneva Belgia sõjahaavad valutavad ka tänapäeval / Jürgen Tamme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamme, Jürgen

    2010-01-01

    Juunis Belgias toimunud erakorralised valimised võitnud rahvuslik konservatiivse Uus-Flaami Alliansi (NVA) juhtfiguuri Bart De Weveri süüdistuse kohaselt ei tunnista riigi prantsuskeelne kogukond tänaseni, et nad tegid Teise maailmasõja ajal koostööd natsionaalsotsialistidega. Esitatud süüdistus ähvardab lõhenenud riigi veelgi suuremasse kriisi tõugata

  9. Vest-Woodi müük lisab globaalsust / Aarne Mäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäe, Aarne, 1967-

    2005-01-01

    Vest-Wood Grupi omanikfirma Door Holding ja ameeriklaste Jeld-Wen jõudsid kokkuleppele Euroopa suurima uksetootja ning turustja Vest-Woodi müügi suhtes. Plaanide kohaselt jätkab ettevõte iseseisvat tegutsemist, kasutades seniseid tootebrände ning peakontor jääb Taani Logstorisse. Vt. samas: Firma müük Rakvere tehasele muudatusi ei too

  10. Kohtuniku eriarvamus Eesti Vabariigi Riigikohtus / Julia Laffranque

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laffranque, Julia, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    Kohtuniku eriarvamusele annab õigusliku aluse 13. märtsil 2002 vastuvõetud põhiseaduslikkuse järelvalve kohtumenetluse seadus, mille § 57 lõike 5 kohaselt on otsuse või selle põhjendustega mittenõustuval kohtunikul õigus lisada otsusele eriarvamus. Artikkel põhineb 3. oktoobril 2003 autori poolt Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonnas kaitstud doktoriväitekirjal "Kohtuniku eriarvamus. Selle võimalikkus ja vajalikkus Eesti Vabariigi Riigikohtus ja Euroopa Kohtus"

  11. Afgaane ei saa aidata vaid läbi soomuki akna / Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildam, Toomas, 1961-

    2005-01-01

    Põhja-Afganistani Mazar-e-Sharifi linnas brittide juhtimisel tegutseva provintsi ülesehitusmeeskonna koosseisu kuulub kaks Eesti üksust - vaatlusmeeskond ja Eesti kaitseväe demineerijate rühm. Kaitseministeeriumi plaani kohaselt saadetakse 2006. aastal Lõuna-Afganistani ligi 120 Eesti sõdurit. Kaart. Vt. samas lühiintervjuud kapten Tiit Paljakuga: Kapten Tiit Paljak: me ei tee afgaanide eest kõike ära

  12. Sakslased vallutasid Siberi gaasimaardla / Arne Luht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luht, Arne

    2005-01-01

    Venemaa president Vladimit Putin ja Saksama kantsler Gerhard Schröder viibisid Hannoveris maailma suurimal tööstusmessil. Sõlmiti leping, mille kohaselt hakkab Saksa keemiakontserni BASF tütarfirma Wintershall esimese välisfirmana Siberis koos Gazpromiga gaasi puurima, alla kirjutati ka lepingule gaasijuhtme rajamise kohta Viiburist läbi Läänemere Saksamaale. Vene kartelliamet välistas Saksa firma Siemens osaluse ettevõttes Silovõje Mashinõ

  13. Intermittent whole-body vibration attenuates a reduction in the number of the capillaries in unloaded rat skeletal muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaneguchi, Akinori; Ozawa, Junya; Kawamata, Seiichi; Kurose, Tomoyuki; Yamaoka, Kaoru

    2014-09-26

    Whole-body vibration has been suggested for the prevention of muscle mass loss and muscle wasting as an attractive measure for disuse atrophy. This study examined the effects of daily intermittent whole-body vibration and weight bearing during hindlimb suspension on capillary number and muscle atrophy in rat skeletal muscles. Sixty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: control (CONT), hindlimb suspension (HS), HS + weight bearing (WB), and HS + whole-body vibration (VIB) (n = 15 each). Hindlimb suspension was applied for 2 weeks in HS, HS + WB, and HS + VIB groups. During suspension, rats in HS + VIB group were placed daily on a vibrating whole-body vibration platform for 20 min. In HS + WB group, suspension was interrupted for 20 min/day, allowing weight bearing. Untreated rats were used as controls. Soleus muscle wet weights and muscle fiber cross-sectional areas (CSA) significantly decreased in HS, HS + WB, and HS + VIB groups compared with CONT group. Both muscle weights and CSA were significantly greater in HS + WB and HS + VIB groups compared with HS group. Capillary numbers (represented by capillary-to-muscle fiber ratio) were significantly smaller in all hindlimb suspension-treated groups compared with CONT group. However, a reduction in capillary number by unloading hindlimbs was partially prevented by whole-body vibration. These findings were supported by examining mRNA for angiogenic-related factors. Expression levels of a pro-angiogenic factor, vascular endothelial growth factor-A mRNA, were significantly lower in all hindlimb suspension-treated groups compared with CONT group. There were no differences among hindlimb suspension-treated groups. Expression levels of an anti-angiogenic factor, CD36 (receptor for thrombospondin-1) mRNA, were significantly higher in all hindlimb suspension-treated groups compared with CONT group. Among the hindlimb suspension-treated groups, expression of CD

  14. Communication: Vibrational relaxation of CO(1Σ) in collision with Ar(1S) at temperatures relevant to the hypersonic flight regime.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denis-Alpizar, Otoniel; Bemish, Raymond J; Meuwly, Markus

    2017-03-21

    Vibrational energy relaxation (VER) of diatomics following collisions with the surrounding medium is an important elementary process for modeling high-temperature gas flow. VER is characterized by two parameters: the vibrational relaxation time τ vib and the state relaxation rates. Here the vibrational relaxation of CO(ν=0←ν=1) in Ar is considered for validating a computational approach to determine the vibrational relaxation time parameter (pτ vib ) using an accurate, fully dimensional potential energy surface. For lower temperatures, comparison with experimental data shows very good agreement whereas at higher temperatures (up to 25 000 K), comparisons with an empirically modified model due to Park confirm its validity for CO in Ar. Additionally, the calculations provide insight into the importance of Δν>1 transitions that are ignored in typical applications of the Landau-Teller framework.

  15. Effect of whole body vibration exercise on muscle strength and proprioception in females with knee osteoarthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trans, T; Aaboe, J; Henriksen, M

    2009-01-01

    status was measured using WOMAC. It was found that muscle strength increased significantly (pIsometric knee-extension significantly increased (p=0.021) in VibM compared to Con. TDPM was significantly improved (p=0.033) in VibF compared to Con, while there was a tendency......The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of whole body vibration (WBV) exercise on muscle strength and proprioception in female patients with osteoarthritis in the knee (knee-OA). A single blinded, randomised, controlled trial was performed in an outpatient clinic on 52 female patients...... groups trained twice a week for 8 weeks, with a progressively increasing intensity. The WBV groups performed unloaded static WBV exercise. The following were measured: knee muscle strength (extension/flexion) and proprioception (threshold for detection of passive movement (TDPM)). Self-reported disease...

  16. Electronic energy states of HfSe/sub 2/ and NbSe/sub 2/ by low energy electron loss spectroscopy study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ito, T; Iwami, M; Hiraki, A [Osaka Univ., Suita (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1981-06-01

    Low energy electron loss spectroscopy (ELS) study was performed on 1T-HfSe/sub 2/ (group IVB metal compound) and 2H-NbSe/sub 2/ (group VB metal compound) by using incident electron energies of 30-250 eV. From the loss data in the second derivative form, maxima in density-of-states in the conduction band of the compounds were deduced through the information on the filled core states by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The conduction band of the transition-metal dichalcogenides could be divided into two parts. The results are discussed in relation to the previous work on WS/sub 2/ (group VIB metal compound), and also to proposals based on band calculations and experimental studies on the transition-metal dichalcogenides with constituent metals of group IVB, VB and VIB.

  17. Sulfur, selenium, tellurium and polonium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Berry, F.J.

    1987-01-01

    This chapter on the coordination compounds of sulfur, selenium, tellurium and polonium starts with an introduction to the bonding, valence and geometry of the elements. Complexes of the group VIB elements are discussed with particular reference to the halo and pseudohalide complexes, oxo acid complexes, oxygen and nitrogen donor complexes and sulfur and selenium donor complexes. There is a section on the biological properties of the complexes discussed. (UK)

  18. Identifying blue whiting (Micromesistius poutassou) stock structure in the Northeast Atlantic by otolith shape analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mahe, Kélig; Oudard, Clémence; Mille, Tiphaine

    2016-01-01

    Atlantic using 1693 samples from mature fish collected between 37°N and 75°N and 20°W and 25°E. The results indicated two stocks located north and south of ICES Divisions VIa and VIb (54°5N to 60°5N, 4°W to 11°W). The central area corresponds to the spawning area west of Scotland. Sampling year effects...

  19. The acute effects of stretching with vibration on dynamic flexibility in young female gymnasts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Aaron W; Warcup, Caisa N; Seeley, Matthew K; Eggett, Dennis; Feland, Jeffery B

    2018-01-10

    While stretching with vibration has been shown to improve static flexibility; the effect of stretching with vibration on dynamic flexibility is not well known. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of stretching with vibration on acute dynamic flexibility and jump height in novice and advanced competitive female gymnasts during a split jump. Female gymnast (n=27, age: 11.5 ± 1.7 years, Junior Olympic levels 5-10) participated in this cross-over study. Dynamic flexibility during gymnastic split jumps were video recorded and analyzed with Dartfish software. All participants completed both randomized stretching protocols with either the vibration platform turned on (VIB) (frequency of 30 Hz and 2 mm amplitude) or off (NoVIB) separated by 48 h. Participants performed 4 sets of three stretches on the vibration platform. Each stretch was held for 30 s with 5 s rest for a total of 7 min of stretch. Split jump flexibility decreased significantly from pre to post measurement in both VIB (-5.8°±5.9°) (p<0.001) and NoVIB (-2.6°±6.1°) (p=0.041) conditions (adjusted for gymnast level). This effect was greatest in lower skill level gymnasts (p=0.003), while the highest skill level gymnasts showed no significant decrease in the split jump (p=0.105). Jump height was not significantly different between conditions (p=0.892) or within groups (p=0.880). An acute session of static stretching with or without vibration immediately before performance does not alter jump height. Stretching with vibration immediately prior to gymnastics competition decreases split jump flexibility in lower level gymnasts more than upper level gymnasts.

  20. The Shock and Vibration Digest. Volume 14, Number 12

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-12-01

    and A.D. Tran School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Nuclear Engrg., Key Words: Beams, Sandwich structures, Damped structures, Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman ...Reddy * Dept. of Mech. Engrg., Univ. of Adelaide, Adelaide, Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman , OK 73019, Rept. No. South Australia, Australia, J. Sound Vib...T.E ............. 1686 Smalley, A.J ............ 1810 Spector, J .............. 1760 Shovlin, M.D ............. 308 Smallwood , D.O .......... 2018

  1. International Aviation (Selected Articles)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-04-25

    certain mathematical model is established, using daa .::=u EaSured f- s -table-state and quasi-stabli-state FLIGHT TESTING FLIGHT QUALITY AND OPERATING...the rc , f de;:lp:ent it s, rnEcEss a -y acuaey~au~th-e vibDration lvel and 4model a ndU to fiLLn d ~luttet Chnmn to uarantee fLlying Safety. The

  2. Spectroscopic diagnostics of the vibrational population in the ground state of H2 and D2 molecules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fantz, U.; Heger, B.

    1998-01-01

    A diagnostic method has been evaluated for measuring the relative vibrational ground-state population of molecular hydrogen and deuterium. It is based on the analysis of the diagonal Fulcher bands · 3 Π u →a 3 Σ g + ) and the Franck-Condon principle of excitation. The validity of the underlying assumptions was verified by experiments in microwave discharges and the method is recommended for application in divertor plasmas in controlled fusion experiments. By attributing a vibrational temperature T vib to the ground-state electronic level (X 1 Σ g + ) and assuming population via the Franck-Condon principle, the upper Fulcher state vibrational distribution can be derived theoretically with T vib as parameter. Comparison with experimentally derived upper-state population gives the corresponding T vib of the ground state. The Franck-Condon factors for the · 3 Π 1 Σ g + and · 3 Π u →a 3 Σ g + transitions have been calculated for both hydrogen and deuterium from molecular constants using the FCFRKR code. The method has been applied to low pressure H 2 /He and D 2 /He microwave plasmas, showing good agreement of experimentally and theoretically derived upper Fulcher state vibrational distributions. The vibrational temperatures range from 3200 K to 6800 K for H 2 and 2600 K to 4000 K for D 2 · depending on molecular density, pressure and electron temperature, but indicating nearly the same vibrational population for H 2 and D 2 for comparable plasma conditions. (author)

  3. Whole-body vibration versus proprioceptive training on postural control in post-menopausal osteopenic women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stolzenberg, Nils; Belavý, Daniel L; Rawer, Rainer; Felsenberg, Dieter

    2013-07-01

    To prevent falls in the elderly, especially those with low bone density, is it necessary to maintain muscle coordination and balance. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of classical balance training (BAL) and whole-body vibration training (VIB) on postural control in post-menopausal women with low bone density. Sixty-eight subjects began the study and 57 completed the nine-month intervention program. All subjects performed resistive exercise and were randomized to either the BAL- (N=31) or VIB-group (N=26). The BAL-group performed progressive balance and coordination training and the VIB-group underwent, in total, four minutes of vibration (depending on exercise; 24-26Hz and 4-8mm range) on the Galileo Fitness. Every month, the performance of a single leg stance task on a standard unstable surface (Posturomed) was tested. At baseline and end of the study only, single leg stance, Romberg-stance, semi-tandem-stance and tandem-stance were tested on a ground reaction force platform (Leonardo). The velocity of movement on the Posturomed improved by 28.3 (36.1%) (ppostural control in post-menopausal women with low bone density. The current study could not provide evidence for a significantly different impact of whole-body vibration or balance training on postural control. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. He–He and He–metal interactions in transition metals from first-principles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Pengbo, E-mail: zhangpb@dlmu.edu.cn [Department of Physics, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026 (China); Zou, Tingting [Information Science and Technology College, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026 (China); Zhao, Jijun, E-mail: zhaojj@dlut.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Materials Modification by Laser, Ion and Electron Beams (Dalian University of Technology), Ministry of Education, Dalian 116024 (China)

    2015-12-15

    We investigated the atomistic mechanism of He–He and He–metal interactions in bcc transition metals (V, Nb, Ta, Cr, Mo, W, and Fe) using first-principles methods. We calculated formation energy and binding energy of He–He pair as function of distance within the host lattices. The strengths of He–He attraction in Cr, Mo, W, and Fe (0.37–1.11 eV) are significantly stronger than those in V, Nb, and Ta (0.06–0.17 eV). Such strong attractions mean that He atoms would spontaneously aggregate inside perfect Cr, Mo, W, and Fe host lattices in absence of defects like vacancies. The most stable configuration of He–He pair is <100> dumbbell in groups VB metals, whereas it adopts close <110> configuration in Cr, Mo, and Fe, and close <111> configuration in W. Overall speaking, the He–He equilibrium distances of 1.51–1.55 Å in the group VIB metals are shorter than 1.65–1.70 Å in the group VB metals. Moreover, the presence of interstitial He significantly facilitates vacancy formation and this effect is more pronounced in the group VIB metals. The present calculations help understand the He-metal/He–He interaction mechanism and make a prediction that He is easier to form He cluster and bubbles in the groups VIB metals and Fe.

  5. Genes encoding the Vibrio harveyi haemolysin (VHH)/thermolabile haemolysin (TLH) are widespread in Vibrios%VHH/TLH溶血素基因在海洋弧菌中分布的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王淑娴; 张晓华; 钟英斌; 孙铂光; 陈吉祥

    2007-01-01

    哈维氏弧菌(V.harveyi)的VHH溶血素是对海水养殖鱼类的潜在致病因子.哈维氏弧菌的VHH溶血素基因与副溶血弧菌(V.parahaemolyticus)的TLH热不稳定性溶血素基因具有高度相似性,其氨基酸序列的相似性达到85.6%.根据哈维氏弧菌vhhA溶血素基因序列,合成一个地高辛标记的VHH基因探针,利用其进行Southern Blot,检测VHH溶血素基因在57株弧菌(包括26株国际标准菌株,20株哈维氏弧菌,11株副溶血弧菌)中的分布情况.结果显示,VHH基因探针与13株弧菌标准菌株有强杂交信号,包括2株溶藻胶弧菌(V.alginolyticus),2株哈维氏弧菌以及1株霍氏格里蒙菌(Grimontia hollisae),坎贝氏弧菌(V.campbellii),辛辛那提弧菌(V.cincinatiensis),费氏弧菌(V.fischeri),拟态弧菌(V.mimicus),飘浮弧菌(V.natriegens),副溶血弧菌,解蛋白弧菌(V.proteolyticus)和火神弧菌(V.logei).与6株弧菌标准菌株有弱杂交信号,包括鳗弧菌(V.anguillarum),河口弧菌(V.aestuarianus),美人鱼发光杆菌(Photobacterium damselae subsp.damselae),河弧菌(V.fluvialis),弗尼斯弧菌(V.furnissii)和创伤弧菌(V.vulnificus),而另外7株弧菌标准菌株中无杂交信号.所有的哈维氏弧菌菌株至少含有一条杂交带,其中菌株VIB 645,VIB 648和SF-1分别含有2条杂交带.11株副溶血弧菌中均含有一条杂交带.上述数据表明,vhh/tlh溶血素基因广泛分布于弧菌中,尤其是哈维氏弧菌相关菌株和费氏弧菌相关菌株中.另外对鳗弧菌VIB 72,坎贝氏弧菌VIB 285,飘浮弧菌VIB 299和哈维氏弧菌VIB 647的vhh/tlh溶血素基因进行克隆并测序,其氨基酸序列与VHH溶血素和TLH溶血素氨基酸序列的同源性分别为67%~99%和69%~91%.对vhh/tlh溶血素基因在弧菌中的分布研究,将有助于进一步确定这类溶血素基因在病原弧菌致病性中的作用.%V. harveyi VHH haemolysin, which shows high homology to the TLH haemolysin ( the identities of their

  6. Development of high performance negative ion sources and accelerators for MeV class neutral beam injectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Taniguchi, M.; Hanada, M.; Iga, T.

    2003-01-01

    Operation of accelerator at low pressure is an essential requirement to reduce stripping loss of the negative ions, which in turn results in high efficiency of the NB systems. For this purpose, a vacuum insulated beam source (VIBS) has been developed at JAERI, which reduces the gas pressure in the accelerator by enhanced gas conductance through the accelerator. The VIBS achieves the high voltage insulation of 1 MV by immersing the whole structure of accelerator in vacuum with long (∼ 1.8 m) insulation distance. Results of the voltage holding test using a long vacuum gap of 1.8 m indicate that a transition from vacuum discharge to gas discharge occurs at around 0.2 Pa m in the long vacuum gap. So far, the VIBS succeeded in acceleration of 20 mA (H - ) beam up to 970 keV for 1 s. The high voltage holding capability of the VIBS was drastically improved by installing a new large stress ring, which reduces electric field concentration at the triple junction of the accelerator column. At present the VIBS sustains 1 MV stably for more than 1200 s. Acceleration of ampere class H- beams at high current density is to be started soon to demonstrate ITER relevant beam optics. Operation of negative ion source at low pressure is also essential to reduce the stripping loss. However, it was not so easy to attain high current density H - ions at low pressure, since destruction cross section of the negative ions becomes large if the electron temperature is > 1 eV, in low pressure discharge. Using strong magnetic filter to lower the electron temperature, and putting higher arc discharge power to compensate reduction of plasma density through the filter, an H - ion beam of 310 A/m 2 was extracted at very low pressure of 0.1Pa. This satisfies the ITER requirement of current density at 1/3 of the ITER design pressure (0.3 Pa). (author)

  7. Esimene foto Tallinnast? / Tõnis Liibek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liibek, Tõnis

    2007-01-01

    Kõigi eelduste kohaselt võiks vanim Tallinna kujutav foto pärineda ajavahemikust 1845-55. Suure tõenäosusega võib vanim Tallinna foto asuda Saksamaal, olles ümberasujate poolt kaasa võetud. Teadaolevalt vanim Tallinna fotojäädvustus pärineb 1850. aastate lõpust, reservatsioonidega võiks see olla Tallinna Linnamuuseumis säilitatav ülesvõte Toompeale viivast äsja valminud Falgi teest. Tallinnas tegutsenud esimestest fotograafidest.

  8. Päästjate ja vangivalvurite palk tõusis kuni 1000 krooni / Kaire Uusen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uusen, Kaire

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 6. veebr. lk. 3. Riigi - ja Omavalitsusasutuste Töötajate Ametiühingute Liidu juhi Kalle Liivamägi sõnul tõuseb 2006. aastal kõigi päästjate palk vähemalt 660 krooni. Vanglaametnike tasustamise eelnõu kohaselt suureneb vanglaametnike baaspalk 2006. aastal 500 krooni võrra, lisaks tõuseb palk veel erinevate vanglate ja ametikohtade lõikes. Lisa: Põhipalgad tõusevad

  9. Kõrgharidus on loomult ebavõrdne / Heli Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aru, Heli

    2007-01-01

    OECD ekspertide hinnangust, mille kohaselt pööratakse Eestis õppurite võimaluste võrdsusele ebaproportsionaalselt vähe tähelepanu, ning ekspertide soovitustest. Autor, OECD projekti Eesti koordinaator leiab, et üldise osalise õppemaksu kehtestamine on väga pragmaatiline. Vt. samas: Rein Raud. Võrdselt haritud või võrdselt võlgu? Küsitlus: kuidas vähendada ebavõrdsust kõrghariduses? Vastavad Maris Mälzer, Madis Habakuk ja Tõnis Lukas

  10. Kuni 10 kaitseväelast Malisse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Valitsus saatis riigikokku eelnõu, mille kohaselt võib Eesti saata Euroopa Liidu väljaõppemissioonile Malis kuni 10 kaitseväelast. Kaitsevägi panustaks staabiohvitseridega, kelle peamiseks ülesandeks on osaleda Mali üksustele erinevate riikide poolt läbiviidava väljaõppe planeerimise ja nõustamise protsessides ning väljaõppemeeskonnaga, kelle ülesandeks on viia läbi Mali üksustele mitmesugust sõjalist väljaõpet

  11. Influence of Whole Body Vibration and Specific Warm-ups on Force during an Isometric Mid-Thigh Pull

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa L. Cazás-Moreno

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of general and specific warm-up protocols on rate of force development (RFD, relative RFD (rRFD, ground reaction force (GRF and relative ground reaction force (rGRF during an isometric mid-thigh pull (IMTP, after WBV exposure. Methods: Fifteen healthy recreationally trained males  (age: 24.1 ± 2.3 yrs, height: 72.9 ± 7.8 cm; mass: 86.9 ± 8.3 completed five protocols: baseline, isometric vibration (iVib, isometric no vibration (iNV, dynamic vibration (dVib and dynamic no vibration (dNV. The baseline was completed without any warm-up prior to the IMTP. The intervention protocols had the same prescription of 4 sets of 30-second bouts of quarter squats (dynamic [DQS] and isometric [IQS] on the WBV platform with or without vibration. Following a one-minute rest period after each protocol, participants completed three maximal IMTPs. Results: Repeated measures ANOVA with a Bonferroni post hoc demonstrated that RFD in dNV (7657.8 ± 2292.5 N/s was significantly greater than iVib (7156.4 ± 2170.0 N/s. However, the other experimental trials for RFD demonstrated no significant differences (p>0.05. There were also no significant differences for rRFD, GRF or rGRF between protocols. Conclusion: These results demonstrate that a dynamic warm-up without WBV elicits greater RFD than an isometric warm-up with WBV prior to a maximal isometric exercise. Further research needs to be investigated utilizing dynamic and isometric warm-ups in conjunction with WBV and power output. Keywords: males, recreationally trained, power

  12. Short Duration Small Sided Football and to a Lesser Extent Whole Body Vibration Exercise Induce Acute Changes in Markers of Bone Turnover

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. L. Bowtell

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We aimed to study whether short-duration vibration exercise or football sessions of two different durations acutely changed plasma markers of bone turnover and muscle strain. Inactive premenopausal women (n=56 were randomized to complete a single bout of short (FG15 or long duration (FG60 small sided football or low magnitude whole body vibration training (VIB. Procollagen type 1 amino-terminal propeptide (P1NP was increased during exercise for FG15 (51.6±23.0 to 56.5±22.5 μg·L−1, mean ± SD, P0.05. An increase in osteocalcin was observed 48 h after exercise (P<0.05, which did not differ between exercise groups. C-terminal telopeptide of type 1 collagen was not affected by exercise. Blood lactate concentration increased during exercise for FG15 (0.6±0.2 to 3.4±1.2 mM and FG60 (0.6±0.2 to 3.3±2.0 mM, but not for VIB (0.6±0.2 to 0.8±0.4 mM (P<0.05. Plasma creatine kinase increased by 55±63% and 137±119% 48 h after FG15 and FG60 (P<0.05, but not after VIB (26±54%, NS. In contrast to the minor elevation in osteocalcin in response to a single session of vibration exercise, both short and longer durations of small sided football acutely increased plasma P1NP, osteocalcin, and creatine kinase. This may contribute to favorable effects of chronic training on musculoskeletal health.

  13. Short duration small sided football and to a lesser extent whole body vibration exercise induce acute changes in markers of bone turnover

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bowtell, Joanna L.; Jackman, Sarah R; Scott, Suzanne

    2016-01-01

    .8 ± 15.1 to 36.6 ± 14.7 μg·L(-1), P > 0.05). An increase in osteocalcin was observed 48 h after exercise (P type 1 collagen was not affected by exercise. Blood lactate concentration increased during exercise for FG15 (0......) small sided football or low magnitude whole body vibration training (VIB). Procollagen type 1 amino-terminal propeptide (P1NP) was increased during exercise for FG15 (51.6 ± 23.0 to 56.5 ± 22.5 μg·L(-1), mean ± SD, P

  14. The Shock and Vibration Digest, Volume 18, Number 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-02-01

    Performance Robert A. Mercer, assistant vice-president, Network Compatibility Characteristics of Hearing Aids under Simu- Plnning Center, Bell...Communications Research, Inc. lated In-Situ Working Conditions Robert H. Preuser, assistant vice-president, Brooklyn Union Gas Co. ANSI S3.36-1985 Methods...1), pp 15 1-153 (May 8, 1985) J. Sound Vib., =iZ (4), pp 588-594 (Oct 22, . - 2 figs, 2 refs 1985) 4 figs, 7 refs S.H. Tank and M.H. Kuok F.A.A

  15. The Melting Curve and Premelting of MgO

    OpenAIRE

    Cohen, R. E.; Weitz, J. S.

    1996-01-01

    The melting curve for MgO was obtained using molecular dynamics and a non-empirical, many-body potential. We also studied premelting effects by computing the dynamical structure factor in the crystal on approach to melting. The melting curve simulations were performed with periodic boundary conditions with cells up to 512 atoms using the ab-initio Variational Induced Breathing (VIB) model. The melting curve was obtained by computing $% \\Delta H_m$ and $\\Delta V_m$ and integrating the Clapeyro...

  16. Enhanced Forced Convection Heat Transfer using Small Scale Vorticity Concentrations Effected by Flow Driven, Aeroelastically Vibrating Reeds

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-03

    insulated from behind (using an air gap) as shown in figure III.3-1c. Each of the heated side walls are instrumented with seven equally-spaced T-Type...34 J. Sound Vib. 47, 163-178, 1976s. 35. Krasny, R. “Vortex Sheet Computations: Roll-Up, Wakes, Separation,” Lectures in Applied Mathematics, 28:385...Stewart, S.E., and Strong, W.J., "Functional Model of a Simplified Clarinet," J. Acoust . Soc. Am., 68, 109-120, 1980. 55. Tanaka, T., M. Itoh, et al

  17. Discrete Visible Luminescence of Helium Atoms and Molecules Desorbing from Helium Clusters: The Role of Electronic, Vibrational, and Rotational Energy Transfer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    von Haeften, K.; von Pietrowski, R.; Moeller, T.; Joppien, M.; Moussavizadeh, L.; de Castro, A.R.

    1997-01-01

    Discrete visible and near-infrared luminescence of a beam of photoexcited helium clusters is reported. The emission lines are attributed to free helium atoms and molecules desorbing from clusters in electronically excited states. Depending on the excitation energy, various atomic and molecular singlet and triplet states are involved in the relaxation process. With increasing cluster size the intensity of molecular transitions becomes dominant. The temperature of ejected molecules could be estimated to T vib ∼2500 K and T rot ∼450 K and is much higher than that of the cluster itself. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society

  18. ESTIMATIVA DA VELOCIDADE DE INFILTRAÇÃO BÁSICA DO SOLO ESTIMATION OF THE SOIL BASIC INFILTRATION VELOCITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LUÍS EDUARDO DE OLIVEIRA SALES

    1999-11-01

    Full Text Available Objetivando estimar a velocidade de infiltração básica (VIB, avaliou-se a associação desta com outras propriedades físicas das camadas superficial e subsuperficial de um Latossolo Roxo e um Podzólico Vermelho-Amarelo, ambos ocorrentes no campus da Universidade Federal de Lavras. Para tanto, delineou-se um plano amostral consistindo de uma rede cujas malhas apresentaram espaçamentos variáveis. Nos pontos de interseção das malhas determinou-se a VIB e, posteriormente, coletaram-se amostras com estrutura deformada e indeformada nas camadas de 0-20 e 60-80 cm. Com essas amostras determinou-se a textura, densidade do solo e de partículas, porosidade total, macro e microporosidade e condutividade hidráulica do solo saturado. Após análises estatísticas de correlação e regressão, verificou-se que as propriedades físicas da camada de 0-20 cm do Latossolo Roxo e 60-80 cm do Podzólico Vermelho-Amarelo associaram-se melhor com a VIB. Tanto a condutividade hidráulica do solo saturado quanto a densidade do solo se mostraram adequadas para estimar a VIB desses solos.With the objective of estimating the soil basic infiltration velocity (BIV, a study was conducted to evaluate the degree of association between BIV and other physical properties of the superficial and subsuperficial layers of a Dusky-Red Latosol (Oxisol and of a Red-Yellow Podzolic soil (Ultisol, both located at the campus of the Universidade Federal de Lavras, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The sampling was performed with systematic spacing and the points constituted a grid, with variable spacing. At each sampling point, the value of the basic infiltration velocity was determined and thereafter undisturbed and disturbed samples at 0-20 and 60-80 cm of depth were collected. With these samples, the particle-size distribution, bulk density, particle density, total volume of pores, macroporosity, microporosity and hydraulic conductivity of saturated soil were determined. Statistical

  19. Velocidade de infiltração básica de água como indicador da qualidade porosa do solo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raphael Maia Aveiro Cessa

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho verificou se a velocidade de infiltração básica de água (VIB pode ser um indicador da qualidade do sistema poroso do solo cultivado com diferentes espécies vegetais. Foi realizado no Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de Mato Grosso – campus Confresa, em um Argissolo Vermelho- Amarelo de textura arenosa. O delineamento experimental foi o de blocos casualizados com quatro tratamentos constituídos pelos cultivos de Brachiaria ruziziensis (braquiária, Pennisetum americanum (milheto, Phaseolus vulgaris L. (feijão e Sorghum bicolor L. Moench (sorgo em quatro repetições totalizando 16 parcelas. A ideia do cultivo das referidas espécies vegetais foi promover alteração natural do calibre dos poros do solo por meio dos seus sistemas radiculares e mineralização dos resíduos, viabilizando o estudo da velocidade de infiltração básica de água no solo como indicador da qualidade do calibre de poros. A partir de 90 dias após semeadura do milho avaliou-se a densidade do solo, volume de macroporos (Ma, microporos (Mi, porosidade total (VTP, resistência do solo à penetração (Rsp e VIB. As profundidades do solo consideradas foram 0-0,10 m e 0,10 a 0,20 m. Os dados numéricos foram submetidos a análise de variância e teste de significância de “F” ao nível de 5% de probabilidade. Características significativas tiveram suas médias comparadas pelo método Tukey. Entre as características citadas obtiveram-se os coeficientes de correlação lineares simples de Pearson. Nas condições experimentais avaliadas foi possível utilizar a VIB como indicador da qualidade do seu sistema poroso, embora tenha sido necessário realizar associações indiretas com as características avaliadas. Dessa forma, constatou-se tendência do aumento da VIB com aumento da Ma.

  20. Experiment of exploration using the active-faults exploration system; Katsudanso tansa system wo mochiita chika tansa jikken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mikada, H; Sato, H; Iwasaki, T; Hirata, N [The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Earthquake Research Institute; Ikeda, Y [The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Science; Ikawa, T; Kawabe, Y; Aoki, Y [JAPEX Geoscience Institute, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-10-01

    A system for exploration of active-faults by seismic reflection profiling method was introduced at Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo. A test-run was conducted to check the performance of this system at Ranzan, Saitama Prefecture. This paper describes the confirmed performance of mini-VIB as a wide band frequency seismic source, the quality of data obtained using a digital data acquisition system, and problems for data processing of fault exploration in the future. For the test-run at Ranzan, two-dimensional exploration was conducted by the quasi-three-dimensional data acquisition method using three geophones of 8 Hz, 28 Hz, and 40 Hz, simply arranged in parallel on the measurement line. Using an active seismic vibrator, mini-VIB, data acquisition of faults in the wide band frequency was achieved, which would result in the highly accurate imaging. Operation of data acquisition and processing systems is easy, and the system can be also used as a kind of black box. The existing methods are to be used sufficiently as a tool for imaging of faults. Further research for accumulating experience may become necessary toward the extension of the system expected in the future. 5 refs., 6 figs.

  1. Camelid Single-Domain Antibodies: Historical Perspective and Future Outlook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Arbabi-Ghahroudi

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Tremendous effort has been expended over the past two and a half decades to understand many aspects of camelid heavy chain antibodies, from their biology, evolution, and immunogenetics to their potential applications in various fields of research and medicine. In this article, I present a historical perspective on the development of camelid single-domain antibodies (sdAbs or VHHs, also widely known as nanobodies since their discovery and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of these unique molecules in various areas of research, industry, and medicine. Commercialization of camelid sdAbs exploded in 2001 with a flurry of patents issued to the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB and later taken on by the Vlaams Interuniversitair Instituut voor Biotechnologie (VIB and, after 2002, the VIB-founded spin-off company, Ablynx. While entrepreneurial spirit has certainly catalyzed the exploration of nanobodies as marketable products, IP restrictions may be partially responsible for the relatively long time span between the discovery of these biomolecules and their entry into the pharmaceutical market. It is now anticipated that the first VHH-based antibody drug, Caplacizumab, a bivalent anti-vWF antibody for treating rare blood clotting disorders, may be approved and commercialized in 2018 or shortly thereafter. This elusive first approval, along with the expiry of key patents, may substantially alter the scientific and biomedical landscape surrounding camelid sdAbs and pave the way for their emergence as mainstream biotherapeutics.

  2. Changes in Bone Biomarkers, BMC, and Insulin Resistance Following a 10-Week Whole Body Vibration Exercise Program in Overweight Latino Boys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erceg, David N; Anderson, Lindsey J; Nickles, Chun M; Lane, Christianne J; Weigensberg, Marc J; Schroeder, E Todd

    2015-01-01

    With the childhood obesity epidemic, efficient methods of exercise are sought to improve health. We tested whether whole body vibration (WBV) exercise can positively affect bone metabolism and improve insulin/glucose dynamics in sedentary overweight Latino boys. Twenty Latino boys 8-10 years of age were randomly assigned to either a control (CON) or 3 days/wk WBV exercise (VIB) for 10-wk. Significant increases in BMC (4.5 ± 3.2%; p=0.01) and BMD (1.3 ± 1.3%; pBMC significantly increased (2.0 ± 2.2%; p=0.02), with no change in BMD (0.8 ± 1.3%; p=0.11). There were no significant between group changes in BMC or BMD. No significant change was observed for osteocalcin and (collagen type I C-telopeptide) CTx for the VIB group. However, osteocalcin showed a decreasing trend (p=0.09) and CTx significantly increased (pBMC and BMD by decreasing bone resorption in overweight Latino boys.

  3. SNF verification requirements imposed through 10 CFR Part 961: Interrelationship with MC ampersand A requirements for the OCRWM safeguards system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Slater, N.; Vance, S.

    1994-01-01

    Article VI.B.2 of the Standard Contract for Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel and/or High-Level Radioactive Waste (10 CFR Part 961, Standard Contract) provides that spent nuclear fuel shall be subject to verification prior to acceptance by the Department of Energy. As part of the overall process for scheduling deliveries of spent nuclear fuel, the Standard Contract requires contract holders to submit detailed descriptions of the spent nuclear fuel they intend to deliver. Thus, the provision for verification in the Standard contract allows the Department the opportunity to ensure that the spent nuclear fuel intended for deliver is consistent with the description provided, and that the material is properly loaded, packaged, marked, and labeled. The Department is currently evaluating the verification requirements for spent nuclear fuel that it will establish pursuant to Article VI.B.2 of the Standard Contract. The Department recognizes that there may be significant overlap between these verification requirements and the requirements established for material control and accountability (MC ampersand A). Therefore, the Department may recommend modifications to the process established in the Standard Contract to ensure that the verification and MC ampersand A functions and activities are fully integrated

  4. Raman Spectra of ZrS2 and ZrSe2 from Bulk to Atomically Thin Layers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Mañas-Valero

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In the race towards two-dimensional electronic and optoelectronic devices, semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs from group VIB have been intensively studied in recent years due to the indirect to direct band-gap transition from bulk to the monolayer. However, new materials still need to be explored. For example, semiconducting TMDCs from group IVB have been predicted to have larger mobilities than their counterparts from group VIB in the monolayer limit. In this work we report the mechanical exfoliation of ZrX2 (X = S, Se from bulk down to the monolayer and we study the dimensionality dependence of the Raman spectra in ambient conditions. We observe Raman signal from bulk to few layers and no shift in the peak positions is found when decreasing the dimensionality. While a Raman signal can be observed from bulk to a bilayer for ZrS2, we could only detect signal down to five layers for flakes of ZrSe2. These results show the possibility of obtaining atomically thin layers of ZrX2 by mechanical exfoliation and represent one of the first steps towards the investigation of the properties of these materials, still unexplored in the two-dimensional limit.

  5. Suppressor of fusion, a Fusarium oxysporum homolog of Ndt80, is required for nutrient-dependent regulation of anastomosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahi, Shermineh; Fokkens, Like; Houterman, Petra M; Rep, Martijn

    2016-10-01

    Heterokaryon formation is an essential step in asexual recombination in Fusarium oxysporum. Filamentous fungi have an elaborate nonself recognition machinery to prevent formation and proliferation of heterokaryotic cells, called heterokaryon incompatibility (HI). In F. oxysporum the regulation of this machinery is not well understood. In Neurospora crassa, Vib-1, a putative transcription factor of the p53-like Ndt80 family of transcription factors, has been identified as global regulator of HI. In this study we investigated the role of the F. oxysporum homolog of Vib-1, called Suf, in vegetative hyphal and conidial anastomosis tube (CAT) fusion and HI. We identified a novel function for an Ndt80 homolog as a nutrient-dependent regulator of anastomosis. Strains carrying the SUF deletion mutation display a hyper-fusion phenotype during vegetative growth as well as germling development. In addition, conidial paring of incompatible SUF deletion strains led to more heterokaryon formation, which is independent of suppression of HI. Our data provides further proof for the divergence in the functions of different members Ndt80 family. We propose that Ndt80 homologs mediate responses to nutrient quality and quantity, with specific responses varying between species. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Cross transfer acute effects of foam rolling with vibration on ankle dorsiflexion range of motion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Gutiérrez, María Teresa; Guillén-Rogel, Paloma; Cochrane, Darryl J; Marín, Pedro J

    2018-06-01

    Foam roller is a device used as a massage intervention for rehabilitation and fitness performance. To examine the effects on the ankle dorsiflexion mobility of the foam roller as well as the combination of foam roller and vibration applied to the ankle plantarflexors muscles, and to observe the possible cross-effect. Thirty-eight undergraduate students participated in the study (19 males and 19 females). This study investigated. Three conditions (3 sets of 20 s) were performed in a randomized order (independent variables): 1) foam roller (Roller), 2) foam roller and vibration (Roller+VIB), and 3) no foam roller or vibration (Control). to determine whether of foam roller with or without vibration would benefit ankle dorsiflexion mobility. Ankle dorsiflexion ROM and plantar flexor were measured in both legs before and immediately after the treatment. A cross-effect was found in the non-stimulated leg. There was a significant effect on ankle mobility of Roller and Roller+VIB conditions (6% and 7%, pFoam roller massage and vibration stimulus' foam roller massage increase ankle mobility producing a cross-effect.

  7. Selection of the N-acylhomoserine lactone-degrading bacterium Alteromonas stellipolaris PQQ-42 and of its potential for biocontrol in aquaculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta eTorres

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The production of virulence factors by many pathogenic microorganisms depends on the intercellular communication system called quorum sensing (QS, which involves the production and release of signal molecules known as autoinducers. Based on this, new-therapeutic strategies have emerged for the treatment of a variety of infections, such as the enzymatic degradation of signalling molecules, known as quorum quenching (QQ. In this study, we present the screening of QQ activity amongst 450 strains isolated from a bivalve hatchery in Granada (Spain, and the selection of the strain PQQ-42, which degrades a wide range of N-acylhomoserine lactones (AHLs. The selected strain, identified as Alteromonas stellipolaris, degraded the accumulation of AHLs and reduced the production of protease and chitinase and swimming motility of a Vibrio species in co-cultivation experiments in vitro. In the bio-control experiment, strain PQQ-42 significantly reduced the pathogenicity of V. mediterranei VibC-Oc-097 upon the coral Oculina patagonica showing a lower degree of tissue damage (29.25±14.63 % in its presence, compared to when the coral was infected with V. mediterranei VibC-Oc-097 alone (77.53±13.22 %. Our results suggest that this AHL-degrading bacterium may have biotechnological applications in aquaculture.

  8. A novel bacteriocin-like substance (BLIS) from a pathogenic strain of Vibrio harveyi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad, Sathish; Morris, Peter C; Hansen, Rasmus; Meaden, Philip G; Austin, Brian

    2005-09-01

    Inter-strain and inter-species inhibition mediated by a bacteriocin-like inhibitory substance (BLIS) from a pathogenic Vibrio harveyi strain VIB 571 was demonstrated against four isolates of the same species, and one culture each of a Vibrio sp., Vibrio fischeri, Vibrio gazogenes and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. The crude BLIS, which was obtained by ammonium-sulphate precipitation of the cell-free supernatant of a 72 h broth culture of strain VIB 571, was inactivated by lipase, proteinase K, pepsin, trypsin, pronase E, SDS and incubation at > or =60 degrees C for 10 min. The activity was stable between pH 2-11 for at least 5 h. Anion-exchange chromatography, gel filtration, SDS-PAGE and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis revealed the presence of a single major peak, comprising a protein with a pI of approximately 5.4 and a molecular mass of approximately 32 kDa. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the protein comprised Asp-Glu-Tyr-Ile-Ser-X-Asn-Lys-X-Ser-Ser-Ala-Asp-Ile (with X representing cysteine or modified amino acid residues). A similarity search based on the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) generated peptide masses and the N-terminal sequence did not yield any significant matches.

  9. Tissue- and Condition-Specific Isoforms of Mammalian Cytochrome c Oxidase Subunits: From Function to Human Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher A. Sinkler

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Cytochrome c oxidase (COX is the terminal enzyme of the electron transport chain and catalyzes the transfer of electrons from cytochrome c to oxygen. COX consists of 14 subunits, three and eleven encoded, respectively, by the mitochondrial and nuclear DNA. Tissue- and condition-specific isoforms have only been reported for COX but not for the other oxidative phosphorylation complexes, suggesting a fundamental requirement to fine-tune and regulate the essentially irreversible reaction catalyzed by COX. This article briefly discusses the assembly of COX in mammals and then reviews the functions of the six nuclear-encoded COX subunits that are expressed as isoforms in specialized tissues including those of the liver, heart and skeletal muscle, lung, and testes: COX IV-1, COX IV-2, NDUFA4, NDUFA4L2, COX VIaL, COX VIaH, COX VIb-1, COX VIb-2, COX VIIaH, COX VIIaL, COX VIIaR, COX VIIIH/L, and COX VIII-3. We propose a model in which the isoforms mediate the interconnected regulation of COX by (1 adjusting basal enzyme activity to mitochondrial capacity of a given tissue; (2 allosteric regulation to adjust energy production to need; (3 altering proton pumping efficiency under certain conditions, contributing to thermogenesis; (4 providing a platform for tissue-specific signaling; (5 stabilizing the COX dimer; and (6 modulating supercomplex formation.

  10. Kõiki sunnitakse valima parteid! / Tõnis Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Tõnis, 1962-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 27. nov. 2004, lk. 2; Pärnu Postimees, 27. nov. 2004, lk. 19; Meie Maa, 27. nov. 2004, lk. 2; Koit, 27. nov. 2004, lk. 6; Hiiu Leht, 30. nov. 2004, lk. 2; Harjumaa, 30. nov. 2004, lk. 2; Võrumaa Teataja, 30. nov. 2004, lk. 2; Sakala, 1. dets. 2004, lk. 2; Valgamaalane, 4. dets. 2004, lk. 2; Nädaline, 14. dets. 2004, lk. 4. Koalitsioon hääletas Riigikogu menetlusest välja Isamaaliidu seaduseelnõu, mille kohaselt oleks 2005. aasta kohalikel valimistel saanud osaleda ka valimisliidud. Nüüd jääb erakondadega mitte liitunud inimestel võimalus kandideerida vaid üksikkandidaadina

  11. Alkoholikuradist peab jagu saama / Jüri Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Jüri, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Alkoholiseaduse muudatusest, mille kohaselt piiratakse alkoholimüüki kella 10 õhtul kuni kella 10 hommikul. Ilmunud ka Meie Maa 20. juuni 2008, lk. 2 ; Lääne Elu 21. juuni 2008, lk. 2 ; Sakala 26. juuni 2008, lk. 2 ; Võrumaa Teataja 26. juuni 2008, lk. 2 ; Põhjarannik 26. juuni 2008, lk.2 ; Valgamaalane 26. juuni 2008, lk. 2 ; Vooremaa 26. juuni 2008, lk. 2 ; Nädaline 1. juuli 2008, lk. 4 ; Virumaa Teataja 4. juuli 2008, lk. 11 pealkirjaga "Alkoholikuradist peab jagu saama enne kui on hilja" ; Järva Teataja 12. juuli 2008, lk. 2 ; Sõnumitooja 30. juuli 2008, lk. 2 ; Harju Elu 20. juuni 2008, lk. 2 ; Koit 26. juuni 2008, lk. 4

  12. Hea haridus saab alguse headest õpetajatest / Tõnis Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Tõnis, 1962-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Põhjarannik 2. veebr. 2008, lk. 4, Severnoje Poberezhje 2. veebr. 2008, lk. 4., Pärnu Postimees 2. veebr. lk 19, Meie Maa 4. veebr. lk. 2, Lääne Elu 5. veebr. 2008, lk. 2, Hiiu Leht 5. veebr. 2008, lk. 2, Nädaline 5. veebr. 2008, lk. 4., Võrumaa Teataja 5. veebr. lk. 2, Harju Elu 8. veebr. lk. 2, Koit 12. veebr. lk. 6, Järva Teataja 19. veebr. lk. 2, Sakala 20. veebr. lk. 2. Valitsus kiitis heaks haridusminister Tõnis Lukase poolt esitatud määruse eelnõu, mille kohaselt tõusevad õpetajate palkade alammäärad käesoleva aasta esimesest jaanuarist 22% võrra

  13. Effect of tendon vibration during wide-pulse neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on the decline and recovery of muscle force.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bochkezanian, Vanesa; Newton, Robert U; Trajano, Gabriel S; Vieira, Amilton; Pulverenti, Timothy S; Blazevich, Anthony J

    2017-05-02

    Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is commonly used to activate skeletal muscles and reverse muscle atrophy in clinical populations. Clinical recommendations for NMES suggest the use of short pulse widths (100-200 μs) and low-to-moderate pulse frequencies (30-50 Hz). However, this type of NMES causes rapid muscle fatigue due to the (non-physiological) high stimulation intensities and non-orderly recruitment of motor units. The use of both wide pulse widths (1000 μs) and tendon vibration might optimize motor unit activation through spinal reflex pathways and thus delay the onset of muscle fatigue, increasing muscle force and mass. Thus, the objective of this study was to examine the acute effects of patellar tendon vibration superimposed onto wide-pulse width (1000 μs) knee extensor electrical stimulation (NMES, 30 Hz) on peak muscle force, total impulse before "muscle fatigue", and the post-exercise recovery of muscle function. Tendon vibration (Vib), NMES (STIM) or NMES superimposed onto vibration (STIM + Vib) were applied in separate sessions to 16 healthy adults. Total torque-time integral (TTI), maximal voluntary contraction torque (MVIC) and indirect measures of muscle damage were tested before, immediately after, 1 h and 48 h after each stimulus. TTI increased (145.0 ± 127.7%) in STIM only for "positive responders" to the tendon vibration (8/16 subjects), but decreased in "negative responders" (-43.5 ± 25.7%). MVIC (-8.7%) and rectus femoris electromyography (RF EMG) (-16.7%) decreased after STIM (group effect) for at least 1 h, but not after STIM + Vib. No changes were detected in indirect markers of muscle damage in any condition. Tendon vibration superimposed onto wide-pulse width NMES increased TTI only in 8 of 16 subjects, but reduced voluntary force loss (fatigue) ubiquitously. Negative responders to tendon vibration may derive greater benefit from wide-pulse width NMES alone.

  14. Revised Mark 22 coolant temperature coefficients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graves, W.E.

    1987-01-01

    Coolant temperature coefficients for the Mark 22 charge published previously are non-conservative because of the neglect of a significant mechanism which has a positive contribution to reactivity. Even after correcting for this effect, dynamic tests made on a Mark VIB charge in the early 60's suggest the results are still non-conservative. This memorandum takes both of these sources of information into account in making a best estimate of the prompt (coolant plus metal) temperature coefficient. Although no safety issues arise from this work (the overall temperature coefficient still strongly contributes to reactor stability), it is obviously desirable to use best estimates for prompt coefficients in limits and other calculations

  15. Spiral chain structure of high pressure selenium-II' and sulfur-II from powder x-ray diffraction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fujihisa, Hiroshi; Yamawaki, Hiroshi; Sakashita, Mami; Yamada, Takahiro; Honda, Kazumasa; Akahama, Yuichi; Kawamura, Haruki; Le Bihan, Tristan

    2004-01-01

    The structure of high pressure phases, selenium-II ' (Se-II ' ) and sulfur-II (S-II), for α-Se 8 (monoclinic Se-I) and α-S 8 (orthorhombic S-I) was studied by powder x-ray diffraction experiments. Se-II ' and S-II were found to be isostructural and to belong to the tetragonal space group I4 1 /acd, which is made up of 16 atoms in the unit cell. The structure consisted of unique spiral chains with both 4 1 and 4 3 screws. The results confirmed that the structure sequence of the pressure-induced phase transitions for the group VIb elements depended on the initial molecular form. The chemical bonds of the phases are also discussed from the interatomic distances that were obtained

  16. Gas chromatography of β-diketonates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Burgett, C.A.

    1976-01-01

    The history of separation of metal complexes by gas chromatography is reviewed. The greatest success has been achieved with metal halides or metal β-diketonates, particularly with chelates of the small elements, Be and Al, and the extremely inert chromium diketonates. Many problems still remain concerning the development of suitable chromatographic techniques for many chelates; however, the technique of synergic solvent extraction, mixed-ligand complex chromatography, the synthesis of new heteroatomic ligands, and the advent of new liquid phases are discussed as means to increase the number of unique techniques for separation and analysis of metals. Methods are suggested and references are cited for chromatographic analysis of elements in the following groups: alkali metals, alkaline earths, Group IIIA, IVB, VB, VIB, VIIB, VIII, IB, and IIB. Special attention is given to separation of the volatile complexes of Sc, Y, the lanthanides, the actinides, and Pb. 156 references

  17. Hydroprocessing using regenerated spent heavy hydrocarbon catalyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Clark, F.T.; Hensley, A.L. Jr.

    1992-01-01

    This patent describes a process for hydroprocessing a hydrocarbon feedstock. It comprises: contacting the feedstock with hydrogen under hydroprocessing conditions with a hydroprocessing catalyst wherein the hydroprocessing catalyst contains a total contaminant metals build-up of greater than about 4 wt. % nickel plus vanadium, a hydrogenation component selected from the group consisting of Group VIB metals and Group VIII metals and is regenerated spent hydroprocessing catalyst regenerated by a process comprising the steps: partially decoking the spent catalyst in an initial coke-burning step; impregnating the partially decoked catalyst with a Group IIA metal-containing impregnation solution; and decoking the impregnated catalyst in a final coke-burning step wherein the impregnated catalyst is contacted with an oxygen-containing gas at a temperature of about 600 degrees F to about 1400 degrees F

  18. Prediction of two-dimensional diluted magnetic semiconductors: Doped monolayer MoS2 systems

    KAUST Repository

    Cheng, Yingchun

    2013-03-05

    Using first-principles calculations, we propose a two-dimensional diluted magnetic semiconductor: monolayer MoS2 doped by transition metals. Doping of transition metal atoms from the IIIB to VIB groups results in nonmagnetic states, since the number of valence electrons is smaller or equal to that of Mo. Doping of atoms from the VIIB to IIB groups becomes energetically less and less favorable. Magnetism is observed for Mn, Fe, Co, Zn, Cd, and Hg doping, while for the other dopants from these groups it is suppressed by Jahn-Teller distortions. Analysis of the binding energies and magnetic properties indicates that (Mo,X)S2 (X=Mn, Fe, Co, and Zn) are promising systems to explore two-dimensional diluted magnetic semiconductors.

  19. The evolution of pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 (PPMV-1) in Great Britain: a molecular epidemiological study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldous, E W; Fuller, C M; Ridgeon, J H; Irvine, R M; Alexander, D J; Brown, I H

    2014-04-01

    Newcastle disease (ND), caused by virulent strains of avian paramyxovirus type 1 (APMV-1), is considered throughout the world as one of the most important animal diseases. For over three decades now, there has been a continuing panzootic caused by a variant virulent APMV-1 strain, so-called pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 (PPMV-1), primarily in racing pigeons, which has also spread to wild birds and poultry. PPMV-1 isolations have been made in Great Britain every year since 1983. In this study, we have completed a comparative phylogenetic analysis based on a 374 nucleotide section of the fusion protein gene of 63 isolates of PPMV-1 that were isolated over a 26-year period; 43 of these were sequenced for this study. Phylogenetic analysis of these sequences revealed that all were closely related and placed in the genetic sublineage 4b (VIb), subdivision 4biif. © 2012 Crown copyright.

  20. Synthesis and structures of bimetallic titanium and chromium carbene complexes of the type Cp/sub 2/Ti(Cl)O(CH/sub 3/)CCr(CO)/sub 5/

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anslyn, E.V.; Santarsiero, B.D.; Grubbs, R.H.

    1988-10-01

    Insertion reactions are some of the most common and important reactions in organometallic chemistry. Aside from being mechanistically interesting, they have proven useful in organic synthesis and have been postulated in catalytic cycles. A subset of the broad group of insertion reactions is the insertion of carbon monoxides of group VIB metal carbonyl complexes into early-transition-metal alkyl, aryl and hydride bonds. Although the coupling of metal alkylidenes with metal carbonyl complexes is rare in monometallic systems, such coupling is frequently postulated in heterogeneous Fischer-Tropsch systems to yield surface-bound ketene fragments. The formation of bound ketene in bimetallic and cluster complexes has been documented. Herein the authors report the coupling of titanocene methylidene with Cr(CO)/sub 6/ to yield a titanocene ketene complex.

  1. Superconductivity and the Periodic Table

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chapnik, I.M.

    1985-01-01

    In view of the inability of the present theory of superconductivity to make reliable predictions for the magnitude of Tsub(c) it seems useful to search for empirical relationships between the composition of the compound and the Tsub(c) value. Table I gives a list of the available Tsub(c) data for transition metals (TM) having from 3 to 9 outer electrons and Tsub(c) data for non-transition elements (NTE) of groups IIB, IIIB and IVB, including data for amorphous (Am) structures and structures (marked by triangles) obtained at high pressures. The analogous metals have therefore the same structure. In Tables II to IV the Tsub(c) data are presented for analogous compounds of NTE from IB - VIB group. Conclusions are presented. (author)

  2. Vibrational spectral investigation on xanthine and its derivatives—theophylline, caffeine and theobromine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunasekaran, S.; Sankari, G.; Ponnusamy, S.

    2005-01-01

    A normal coordinate analysis has been carried out on four compounds having a similar ring structure with different side chain substitutions, which are xanthine, caffeine, theophylline, and theobromine. Xanthine is chemically known as 2,6-dihydroxy purine. Caffeine, theophylline and theobromine are methylated xanthines. Considering the methyl groups as point mass, the number of normal modes of vibrations can be distributed as Γ vib=27 A'+12 A″ based on C s point group symmetry associated with the structures. In the present work 15 A' and 12 A″ normal modes are considered. A new set of orthonormal symmetry co-ordinates have been constructed. Wilson's F- G matrix method has been adopted for the normal coordinate analysis. A satisfactory vibrational band assignment has been made by employing the FTIR and FT Raman spectra of the compounds. The potential energy distribution is calculated with the arrived values of the force constants and hence the agreement of the frequency assignment has been checked.

  3. Band Saw Blade Crack before and after Comparison and Analysis of Experiments (2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gao Jin-gui

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on MJ3310 woodworking band saw machine as the research object, under the no-load and load of Vib system vibration signal acquisition, processing and analysis software of band saw blade transverse vibration test and the signal acquisition and analysis of the collected signals obtained: to determine the transverse vibration displacement 5.66μm ~ 7.86μm and the main vibration frequency between 624 Hz ~ 792 Hz, then saw blade crack at least 3 mm, need timely saw blade, cutting high hardness of wood band saw blade transverse vibration displacement and frequency will increase sharply. Can be generated according to the band saw blade crack before and after the changing rule of the horizontal vibration displacement and frequency of transverse vibration and scope, judgment and replacement time of saw blade saw blade defect types, which can fully rational utilization of saw blade work effectively.

  4. Chromatography of metal ions with a triazine chelating resin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, W.N.

    1979-05-01

    The synthesis, characterization, and some analytical applications of a new triazine resin are described. Separation of group IB, IIB, VIB, and VIIB metal ions from group VIII metal ions is achieved by this PDT-4 resin. Calcium(II) and magnesium(II) are taken up at pH = 6, 0.1 M acetate and are eluted at pH = 6, 0.1 M sodium nitrate. Copper(II) is retained at pH = 6, 0.1 M acetate and pH = 1 hydrochloric acid and is eluted subsequently by 5 M perchloric acid. Molybdenum(VI) is sorbed selectively from 0.1 N sulfuric acid or hydrochloric acid and is eluted in a tight band by 0.1 N sodium hydroxide. Numerous rapid column chromatographic separations are reported using this new resin, including analysis of NBS standard samples

  5. NanoPack: visualizing and processing long read sequencing data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Coster, Wouter; D'Hert, Svenn; Schultz, Darrin T; Cruts, Marc; Van Broeckhoven, Christine

    2018-03-14

    Here we describe NanoPack, a set of tools developed for visualization and processing of long read sequencing data from Oxford Nanopore Technologies and Pacific Biosciences. The NanoPack tools are written in Python3 and released under the GNU GPL3.0 License. The source code can be found at https://github.com/wdecoster/nanopack, together with links to separate scripts and their documentation. The scripts are compatible with Linux, Mac OS and the MS Windows 10 subsystem for Linux and are available as a graphical user interface, a web service at http://nanoplot.bioinf.be and command line tools. wouter.decoster@molgen.vib-ua.be. Supplementary tables and figures are available at Bioinformatics online.

  6. Rotating structures and Bryan’s effect

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Joubert, SV

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available effect Templ y e has developed Bryan’s effect can be predicted. In 1988, Zhuravlev and Klimov4 investigated Bryan’s ef- Z-axis are identical, but the angle between the X-axis �which is fixed in space� and the x-axis �which is fixed with respect..., Applied Methods in the Theory of Oscilla- tions �Nauka, Moscow, 1988� �in Russian�. 5P. W. Loveday and C. A. Rogers, “Free vibrations of elastically supported thin cylinders including gyroscopic effects,” J. Sound Vib. 217�3�, 547– 562 �1998�. 6M. Y...

  7. Synthesis of o-carboranylmethyl ethers of steroids as potential target substrates for boron neutron capture therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schneiderova, L.; Gruener, B.; Strouf, O.; Kimlova, I.

    1992-01-01

    o-carboranylmethyl ethers of steroids were synthesized by insertion of steroidal 2-propynyloxy derivatives into 6,9-bis(acetonitrile)decarborane. This reaction provided compounds with an estrane and androstane skeleton, potentially useful in boron neutron capture therapy of hormone-sensitive forms of cancer: 17β-o-carboranylmethyl ether of estradiol IXb (yield 14%) and 3β- and 17β-carboranylmethyl ethers of androstenediol Vb and VIIb (yield 12% and 13%, respectively). Jones oxidation gave the carboranyl derivative of androsten-17-one VIb in 75% yield. As shown by a study of insertion of 3β-(2-propynyloxy)cholest-5-ene (IVa), the low yields of the insertion reaction cannot be increased by change in the reaction conditions. The relative binding affinity of compound IXb to the estrogen receptor from rat uterine and human breast tumor cytosol was 3.0 and 0.29%, respectively, of that of estradiol. (author) 2 figs., 2 tabs., 20 refs

  8. Alkali metal-refractory metal biphase electrode for AMTEC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Roger M. (Inventor); Bankston, Clyde P. (Inventor); Cole, Terry (Inventor); Khanna, Satish K. (Inventor); Jeffries-Nakamura, Barbara (Inventor); Wheeler, Bob L. (Inventor)

    1989-01-01

    An electrode having increased output with slower degradation is formed of a film applied to a beta-alumina solid electrolyte (BASE). The film comprises a refractory first metal M.sup.1 such as a platinum group metal, suitably platinum or rhodium, capable of forming a liquid or a strong surface adsorption phase with sodium at the operating temperature of an alkali metal thermoelectric converter (AMTEC) and a second refractory metal insoluble in sodium or the NaM.sup.1 liquid phase such as a Group IVB, VB or VIB metal, suitably tungsten, molybdenum, tantalum or niobium. The liquid phase or surface film provides fast transport through the electrode while the insoluble refractory metal provides a structural matrix for the electrode during operation. A trilayer structure that is stable and not subject to deadhesion comprises a first, thin layer of tungsten, an intermediate co-deposited layer of tungsten-platinum and a thin surface layer of platinum.

  9. Symmetrical refolding of protein domains and subunits: example of the dimeric two-domain 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gráczer, Eva; Varga, Andrea; Melnik, Bogdan; Semisotnov, Gennady; Závodszky, Péter; Vas, Mária

    2009-02-10

    The refolding mechanism of the homodimeric two-domain 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase (IPMDH) from the organisms adapted to different temperatures, Thermus thermophilus (Tt), Escherichia coli (Ec), and Vibrio sp. I5 (Vib), is described. In all three cases, instead of a self-template mechanism, the high extent of symmetry and cooperativity in folding of subunits and domains have been concluded from the following experimental findings: The complex time course of refolding, monitored by Trp fluorescence, consists of a fast (the rate constant varies as 16.5, 25.0, and 11.7 min-1 in the order of Tt, Ec, and Vib IPMDHs) and a slow (the rate constants are 0.11, 0.80, and 0.23 min-1 for the three different species) first-order process. However, a burst increase of Trp fluorescence anisotropy to the value of the native states indicates that in all three cases the association of the two polypeptide chains occurs at the beginning of refolding. This dimeric species binds the substrate IPM, but the native-like interactions of the tertiary and quaternary structures are only formed during the slow phase of refolding, accompanied by further increase of protein fluorescence and appearance of FRET between Trp side chain(s) and the bound NADH. Joining the contacting arms of each subunit also takes place exclusively during this slow phase. To monitor refolding of each domain within the intact molecule of T. thermophilus IPMDH, Trp's (located in separate domains) were systematically replaced with Phe's. The refolding processes of the mutants were followed by measuring changes in Trp fluorescence and in FRET between the particular Trp and NADH. The high similarity of time courses (both in biphasicity and in their rates) strongly suggests cooperative folding of the domains during formation of the native three-dimensional structure of IPMDH.

  10. Evolution and functional insights of different ancestral orthologous clades of chitin synthase genes in the fungal tree of life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mu eLi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Chitin synthases (CHSs are key enzymes in the biosynthesis of chitin, an important structural component of fungal cell walls that can trigger innate immune responses in host plants and animals. Members of CHS gene family perform various functions in fungal cellular processes. Previous studies focused primarily on classifying diverse CHSs into different classes, regardless of their functional diversification, or on characterizing their functions in individual fungal species. A complete and systematic comparative analysis of CHS genes based on their orthologous relationships will be valuable for elucidating the evolution and functions of different CHS genes in fungi. Here, we identified and compared members of the CHS gene family across the fungal tree of life, including 18 divergent fungal lineages. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the fungal CHS gene family is comprised of at least 10 ancestral orthologous clades, which have undergone multiple independent duplications and losses in different fungal lineages during evolution. Interestingly, one of these CHS clades (class III was expanded in plant or animal pathogenic fungi belonging to different fungal lineages. Two clades (classes VIb and VIc identified for the first time in this study occurred mainly in plant pathogenic fungi from Sordariomycetes and Dothideomycetes. Moreover, members of classes III and VIb were specifically up-regulated during plant infection, suggesting important roles in pathogenesis. In addition, CHS-associated networks conserved among plant pathogenic fungi are involved in various biological processes, including sexual reproduction and plant infection. We also identified specificity-determining sites, many of which are located at or adjacent to important structural and functional sites that are potentially responsible for functional divergence of different CHS classes. Overall, our results provide new insights into the evolution and function of members of CHS gene

  11. Infiltração da água no solo: parte II acúmulo de água sobre a superfície do terreno Water infiltration in soil: part II water accumulation over the soil surface

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubens Duarte Coelho

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo básico o desenvolvimento de uma metodologia para a quantificação do acúmulo de água na superfície do solo, em função da intensidade de precipitação dos emissores de um infiltrômetro de aspersores (IAS. Em condições de intensidade de precipitação abaixo da velocidade básica do solo (VIB o microrrelevo superficial comportou-se de maneira estável, apresentando uma superfície espelhada crescente (acúmulo de água sobre o solo, ao longo dos primeiros 120 min de ensaio e, em condições de intensidade de precipitação acima da velocidade básica (VIB observou-se que a superfície espelhada estabilizava-se em menos de 30 min, apresentando, posteriormente, a formação de canais preferenciais de escoamento de água sobre o solo (erosão laminar.This paper aims at the development of a new methodology for quantification of water over a soil surface, as a function of the precipitation intensity from a sprinkler irrigation system. The research was carried out at the experimental station belonging to Rural Engineering Department of the University of São Paulo (ESALQ, on a soil often used for traditional agricultural practices. The results obtained showed the existence of a relationship between the precipitation intensity over the area and the microrelief of the soil. Under conditions of low intensity, the microrelief stayed stable throughout the formation of puddles on the soil surface. Under conditions of high intensity, runoff was observed over the area, with the formation of small preferential water flow channels among the puddles, starting the laminar erosion process of the soil.

  12. Õpetajate juhendamispraktika seosed õpilaste kaasatusega õppimisse I ja III kooliastme tundides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katrin Poom-Valickis

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Artiklis keskendutakse õpetajate juhendamispraktika seostele õpilaste kaasatusega õppimisse. Õpetaja poolt tunnis rakendatud juhendamisstiili väljaselgitamisel võeti aluseks isemääramisteooria (self-determination theory, mille kohaselt on õppijate motivatsiooni ja seda väljendavat kaasatust toetava õpikeskkonna loomisel olulised kaks õpikeskkonna dimensiooni: autonoomsuse toetamine ja struktureeritus. Täpsemalt analüüsiti, millist mõju avaldavad õpetajapoolne autonoomsuse toetamine ja struktureeritus põhikooli 2. klassi (N = 260 ja 7. klassi õpilaste (N = 207 kaasatusele tunnis. Andmete kogumisel kasutati tunnivaatlust ning küsitleti õpilasi. Uurimistulemuste põhjal võib öelda, et 2. klassi õpilaste hinnangud oma kaasatusele olid 7. klassi õpilaste omadega võrreldes oluliselt kõrgemad ning tüdrukud hindasid mõlemas klassis enda kaasatust kõrgemalt kui poisid. Kaasatuse komponentidest ennustas õpetajapoolne autonoomsuse toetamine 2. klassi õpilaste pingutamist ning 7. klassi õpilaste tunni nautimist. Tunni struktureeritusel oli mõju õpilaste kaasatusele ainult 7. klassis, kus enam struktureeritud tundides olid õpilased keskmiselt tähelepanelikumad ning pingutasid samuti tugevamini.  Summary

  13. Impact of Alloying on Stacking Fault Energies in γ-TiAl

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phillip Dumitraschkewitz

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Microstructure and mechanical properties are key parameters influencing the performance of structural multi-phase alloys such as those based on intermetallic TiAl compounds. There, the main constituent, a γ -TiAl phase, is derived from a face-centered cubic structure. Consequently, the dissociation of dislocations and generation of stacking faults (SFs are important factors contributing to the overall deformation behavior, as well as mechanical properties, such as tensile/creep strength and, most importantly, fracture elongation below the brittle-to-ductile transition temperature. In this work, SFs on the { 111 plane in γ -TiAl are revisited by means of ab initio calculations, finding their energies in agreement with previous reports. Subsequently, stacking fault energies are evaluated for eight ternary additions, namely group IVB–VIB elements, together with Ti off-stoichiometry. It is found that the energies of superlattice intrinsic SFs, anti-phase boundaries (APBs, as well as complex SFs decrease by 20–40% with respect to values in stoichiometric γ -TiAl once an alloying element X is present in the fault plane having thus a composition of Ti-50Al-12.5X. In addition, Mo, Ti and V stabilize the APB on the (111 plane, which is intrinsically unstable at 0 K in stoichiometric γ -TiAl.

  14. Cytochrome c oxidase loses catalytic activity and structural integrity during the aging process in Drosophila melanogaster

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ren, Jian-Ching; Rebrin, Igor [Department of Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033 (United States); Klichko, Vladimir; Orr, William C. [Department of Biological Sciences, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX 75275 (United States); Sohal, Rajindar S., E-mail: sohal@usc.edu [Department of Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033 (United States)

    2010-10-08

    Research highlights: {yields} Cytochrome c oxidase loses catalytic activity during the aging process. {yields} Abundance of seven nuclear-encoded subunits of cytochrome c oxidase decreased with age in Drosophila. {yields} Cytochrome c oxidase is specific intra-mitochondrial site of age-related deterioration. -- Abstract: The hypothesis, that structural deterioration of cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) is a causal factor in the age-related decline in mitochondrial respiratory activity and an increase in H{sub 2}O{sub 2} generation, was tested in Drosophila melanogaster. CcO activity and the levels of seven different nuclear DNA-encoded CcO subunits were determined at three different stages of adult life, namely, young-, middle-, and old-age. CcO activity declined progressively with age by 33%. Western blot analysis, using antibodies specific to Drosophila CcO subunits IV, Va, Vb, VIb, VIc, VIIc, and VIII, indicated that the abundance these polypeptides decreased, ranging from 11% to 40%, during aging. These and previous results suggest that CcO is a specific intra-mitochondrial site of age-related deterioration, which may have a broad impact on mitochondrial physiology.

  15. Induction of group VIA phospholipase A2 activity during in vitro ischemia in C2C12 myotubes is associated with changes in the level of its splice variants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, K A; Petersen, Stine Helene Falsig; Kolko, M

    2007-01-01

    to catalytically inactive 50-kDa iPLA(2)-VIA-ankyrin variants previously identified in humans. Both the mRNA and protein levels of this approximately 50-kDa variant were reduced significantly within 1 h following OGD. In C2C12 myoblasts, iPLA(2)-VIA seemed to predominantly reside at the endoplasmatic reticulum......The involvement of group VI Ca(2+)-independent PLA(2)s (iPLA(2)-VI) in in vitro ischemia [oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD)] in mouse C2C12 myotubes was investigated. OGD induced a time-dependent (0-6 h) increase in bromoenol lactone (BEL)-sensitive iPLA(2) activity, which was suppressed...... by specific short interfering (si)RNA knockdown of iPLA(2)-VIA. OGD was associated with an increase in iPLA(2)-VIA protein levels, whereas mRNA levels were unchanged. The levels of iPLA(2)-VIB mRNA and protein were not increased by OGD. RT-PCR and Western blot analysis identified a mouse iPLA(2)-VIA homolog...

  16. Trajectory study of supercollision relaxation in highly vibrationally excited pyrazine and CO2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ziman; Sansom, Rebecca; Bonella, Sara; Coker, David F; Mullin, Amy S

    2005-09-01

    Classical trajectory calculations were performed to simulate state-resolved energy transfer experiments of highly vibrationally excited pyrazine (E(vib) = 37,900 cm(-1)) and CO(2), which were conducted using a high-resolution transient infrared absorption spectrometer. The goal here is to use classical trajectories to simulate the supercollision energy transfer pathway wherein large amounts of energy are transferred in single collisions in order to compare with experimental results. In the trajectory calculations, Newton's laws of motion are used for the molecular motion, isolated molecules are treated as collections of harmonic oscillators, and intermolecular potentials are formed by pairwise Lennard-Jones potentials. The calculations qualitatively reproduce the observed energy partitioning in the scattered CO(2) molecules and show that the relative partitioning between bath rotation and translation is dependent on the moment of inertia of the bath molecule. The simulations show that the low-frequency modes of the vibrationally excited pyrazine contribute most to the strong collisions. The majority of collisions lead to small DeltaE values and primarily involve single encounters between the energy donor and acceptor. The large DeltaE exchanges result from both single impulsive encounters and chattering collisions that involve multiple encounters.

  17. [Construction and rescue of infectious cDNA clone of pigeon-origin Newcastle disease virus strain JS/07/04/Pi].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Yan-Mei; Hu, Zeng-Lei; Song, Qing-Qing; Duan, Zhi-Qiang; Gu, Min; Hu, Shun-Lin; Wang, Xiao-Quan; Liu, Xiu-Fan

    2012-01-01

    Based on the complete genome sequence of pigeon-origin Newcastle disease virus strain JS/07/04/ Pi(genotype VIb), nine overlapped fragments covering its full-length genome were amplified by RT-PCR. The fragments were connected sequentially and then inserted into the transcription vector TVT7/R resulting in the TVT/071204 which contained the full genome of strain JS/07/04/Pi. The TVT/071204 was co-transfected with three helper plasmids pCI-NP, pCI-P and pCI-L into the BSR cells, and the transfected cells and culture supernatant were inoculated into 9-day-old SPF embryonated eggs 60 h post-transfection. The HA and HI tests were conducted following the death of embryonated eggs. The results showed that the allantoic fluids obtained were HA positive and the HA could be inhibited by anti-NDV serum which indicated that the strain JS/07/04/Pi was rescued successfully. The rescued virus rNDV/071204 showed similar growth kinetics to its parental virus in CEF. The successful recovery of this strain would contribute to the understanding of the host-specificity of pigeon-origin NDV and to the development of the novel vaccines against the NDV infection in pigeons.

  18. The discovery of a highly polarized bipolar nebula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wolstencroft, R.D.; Scarrott, S.M.; Menzies, J.

    1989-01-01

    During a search for the optical counterparts of IRAS sources whose flux peaks at 25 microns, a small faint bipolar nebula was discovered in Monoceros at the position of IRAS 07131-0147. The CCD images display the object's considerable structure. The central star seems relatively free of closeby nebulosity: the two lobes have a bow-tie structure with those parts nearest to the star consisting of series of small knots. The outer parts of the lobes seem to be made up of filaments streaming away from knots. On the basis of its optical spectrum, the central star was classified as a M5-6 giant. In the IRAS color classification scheme of Van der Veen and Habing (1988), the central star is VIb which indicates that there are distinct hot and cold components of circumstellar dust and that the mass loss process may have temporarily abated. Therefore, it is proposed that the object is in the post main sequence stage of evolution and is a protoplanetary nebulae. Young protoplanetary nebulae have totally obscured central stars illuminating reflective lobes whereas older ones such as M2-9 have lobes seen in emission from gas ionized by the central hot star which is clearly visible. Since the central object of IRAS07131-0147 is a relatively unobscured late type star and the lobes are seen only by reflection, it is suggested that this nebula is a protoplanetary nebula in an evolutionary stage intermediate between that of CRL2688 and M2-9

  19. Potential virulence factors of bacteria associated with tail fan necrosis in the spiny lobster, Jasus edwardsii.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zha, H; Jeffs, A; Dong, Y; Lewis, G

    2018-05-01

    Tail fan necrosis (TFN) is a common condition found in commercially exploited spiny lobsters that greatly diminishes their commercial value. Bacteria possessing proteolytic, chitinolytic and lipolytic capabilities were associated with TFN in spiny lobsters, Jasus edwardsii. In this study, 69 bacterial isolates exhibiting all the three enzymatic capabilities from the haemolymph and tail fans of J. edwardsii with and without TFN were further characterized and compared, including morphology, biofilm formation, antimicrobial activity, antimicrobial resistance, and production of siderophores, melanin and ammonia. The genomic patterns of the most common Vibrio crassostreae isolates were also compared between TFN-affected and unaffected lobsters. Biofilm formation was stronger in bacterial isolates from both haemolymph and tail fans of TFN-affected lobsters compared to those from the unaffected lobsters, while melanin production and siderophore production were stronger in the isolates from tail fans of lobsters with TFN. By contrast, the other characteristics of isolates were similar in lobsters with and without TFN. The Vib. crassostreae isolates from the affected lobsters had similar genomic patterns. Overall, the results indicate that in addition to proteolytic, chitinolytic and lipolytic activities, the bacteria associated with TFN commonly have enhanced activity of important virulence factors, including biofilm formation, melanin production and siderophore production. © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. Synthesis and crystal chemistry of transuranium element chalcogenides. Contribution to the study of the 5f electron localization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Damien, Daniel.

    1976-09-01

    The synthesis and crystal chemistry of Np, Pu, Am and Cm transuranium element chalcogenides are described. From plutonium, transuranium element chalcogenides exhibit the same crystal structure as their rare-earth homologues. The variations of the lattice constants of these compounds in terms of the atomic number are characterized by the lack of the 5f contraction and are interpreted by a localization of the 5f electrons depending upon the considered transuranium element, the nature of the ligand and the crystal structure. To compare the degree of magnitude of the 5f electron delocalization in various compounds, a delocalization scale is proposed based on a comparison between the molar volumes of actinide and isostructural lanthanide compounds. This scale provides a delocalization coefficient for each compound under study. Examination of these coefficients shows that the 5f electrons, in series of actinide compounds, become localized when going from neptunium to curium and that the delocalization process does not only depend upon overlaps between 5f-6d orbitals of neighbouring actinide atoms; the delocalization coefficients show the existence of a secondary delocalization effect due to overlaps between the p anion and f actinide orbitals which are more important for the Vb anion group (N, P, As, Sb) than for the Vib one (S,Se,Te) [fr

  1. Vibrational Comfort on Board the Vehicle: Influence of Speed Bumps and Comparison between Different Categories of Vehicle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincenzo Barone

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows the results of a study conducted on five different categories of vehicles in a specific test site. The aim was to investigate how the effect of the test site discontinuity determines variations of comfort related to the increase in speed and to the five selected road vehicles of different classes. Measurements were obtained by combining data relating to vibrations in the three reference axes, detected through a vibration dosimeter (VIB-008, and geolocation data (latitude, longitude, and speed identified by the GPS inside a smartphone. This procedure, through the synchronization between dosimeter and GPS location, has been helpful in postprocessing to eliminate any measurement anomalies generated by the operator. After the survey campaign it was determined that a formulation allows defining a Comfort Index (CI depending on velocity and five vehicles of different classes. This study showed that the presence of speed bumps, in the test site investigated, appears to be uncomfortable even at speeds well below those required by the Highway Code.

  2. Ceramic protective coating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Harbach, F.; Nicoll, A.

    1987-01-01

    The basic material of the above-mentioned layer consists of pure aluminium oxide or essentially aluminium oxide. To improve this protective layer metal oxides from the groups IIA, IIIA, IIIB, VB, VIB, VIIB or VIII of the periodic system are added to its basic material before the said protective coating is applied. In this way a corundum structure is formed in the case of aluminium oxide. Gallium oxide, vanadium oxide, chromium oxide or iron oxide are particularly suited for the correlation of such a corundum structure. The formation of the corundum structure increases the resistance of the protective coating to the corrosive effects of vanadium pentoxide and sodium sulfate. By the addition of a specific quantity of magnesium oxide it is possible not only to stimulate the formation of corundum but also to reduce the increase in grain size in the case of the aluminium oxide. The other metallic oxides are especially favorable to the formation of the corundum structure, so that preferably magnesium oxide is to be added to these metallic oxides in order to reduce the increase in grain size. (author)

  3. Low-intensity laser irradiation at 660 nm stimulates transcription of genes involved in the electron transport chain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masha, Roland T; Houreld, Nicolette N; Abrahamse, Heidi

    2013-02-01

    Low-intensity laser irradiation (LILI) has been shown to stimulate cellular functions leading to increased adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthesis. This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of LILI on genes involved in the mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC, complexes I-IV) and oxidative phosphorylation (ATP synthase). Four human skin fibroblast cell models were used in this study: normal non-irradiated cells were used as controls while wounded, diabetic wounded, and ischemic cells were irradiated. Cells were irradiated with a 660 nm diode laser with a fluence of 5 J/cm(2) and gene expression determined by quantitative real-time reverse transcription (RT) polymerase chain reaction (PCR). LILI upregulated cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIb polypeptide 2 (COX6B2), cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIc (COX6C), and pyrophosphatase (inorganic) 1 (PPA1) in diabetic wounded cells; COX6C, ATP synthase, H+transporting, mitochondrial Fo complex, subunit B1 (ATP5F1), nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) dehydrogenase (ubiquinone) 1 alpha subcomplex, 11 (NDUFA11), and NADH dehydrogenase (ubiquinone) Fe-S protein 7 (NDUFS7) in wounded cells; and ATPase, H+/K+ exchanging, beta polypeptide (ATP4B), and ATP synthase, H+ transporting, mitochondrial Fo complex, subunit C2 (subunit 9) (ATP5G2) in ischemic cells. LILI at 660 nm stimulates the upregulation of genes coding for subunits of enzymes involved in complexes I and IV and ATP synthase.

  4. Expansion of an exotic species and concomitant disease outbreaks: pigeon paramyxovirus in free-ranging Eurasian collared doves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuler, Krysten L; Green, David E; Justice-Allen, Anne E; Jaffe, Rosemary; Cunningham, Mark; Thomas, Nancy J; Spalding, Marilyn G; Ip, Hon S

    2012-06-01

    Eurasian collared doves (Streptopelia decaocto) have expanded their range across the United States since their introduction several decades ago. Recent mortality events in Eurasian collared doves in Arizona and Montana, USA, during the winter of 2009-2010 were the result of pigeon paramyxovirus (PPMV), a novel disease agent. The first instance of mortality by this emerging infectious disease in this species occurred in Florida in 2001 with subsequent disease events in 2006 and 2008. Full diagnostic necropsies were performed on carcasses from the three states. PPMV was identified by RT-PCR and virus isolation and was sequenced to the VIb genotype of avian paramyxovirus-1 (APMV). Other APMVs are common in a variety of free-ranging birds, but concern is warranted because of the potential for commingling of this species with native birds, virus evolution, and threats to domestic poultry. Improved surveillance for wildlife mortality events and efforts to prevent introduction of non-native animals could reduce the threat of introducing new pathogens.

  5. Formações venosas superficiais da fossa cubital: aspectos de interesse para a prática da Enfermagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilton Alves

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é contribuir para o conhecimento que auxilie o profissional de enfermagem na identificação dos tipos mais comuns de formações venosas da região da fossa cubital e, ainda, enfocar a importância de estar sempre atento aos casos pouco comuns como o aqui relatado. Através de uma revisão bibliográfica, constatamos que as formações venosas dessa região podem ser classificadas em 5 tipos mais comuns, sendo o tipo II o mais frequente. Constatamos ainda, que a VICo é o local de punção mais indicado, seguido pela VIB. Descrevemos também uma variação anatômica, onde observamos ausência de comunicação entre VC e VB no nível da fossa cubital e VIA drenando na VB, estando presente a VCA.

  6. Promotion of hydrogen entry into iron from NaOH solution by iron-oxygen species

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Flis-Kabulska, I.; Flis, J.; Zakroczymski, T.

    2007-01-01

    This study was carried out to explain reasons of the enhanced hydrogen entry into iron at low polarisations. Hydrogen permeation rate (HPR) through a 35-μm thick iron membrane was studied with the electrochemical technique in 0.1 M NaOH at 25 o C. A rotating split-ring disk electrode was used to detect soluble Fe(II) species. Enhanced hydrogen entry (HPR peaks) was observed at low cathodic and low anodic polarisations during voltammetric cycling, and also during galvanostatic anodic polarisation applied after cathodic charging. HPR peaks occurred at potentials from about -1.2 to -0.9 V (NHE) which were more cathodic than the potentials of thermodynamic stability of Fe(OH) 2 or Fe 3 O 4 , and of the formation of soluble Fe(II) species. It has been suggested that the enhanced hydrogen entry is associated with the presence of FeOH ad . In this species oxygen is bound with hydrogen (oxo-hydride), hence it can be supposed that the mechanism of its promoting effect can be similar to that of hydrides of other elements of the VIb group

  7. Mud-plastered granary-baskets at a Celtic Oppidum near Čarnok (Vojvodina, Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Medović Aleksandar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In the Celtic Oppidum near Čarnok (Bačka, Vojvodina, Serbia remains of four mud-plastered granarybaskets were discovered. They are all dated to the period Gomolava VI-B (first half of the 1st century B.C.. Hulled barley and broomcorn millet were stored in the granary-baskets. The mesh of the granary-baskets was composed of young branches of oak tree (Quercus, common English elm tree (Ulmus cf. campestris L., poplar / willow (Populus / Salix, purgin buckthorn (Rhamnus cf. cathartica L., wayfaring tree (Viburnum cf. lantana L., spindle tree (Euonymus cf. europaeus L., barberry (Berberis vulgaris L. and a Pomoidae-tree. At least four different tree taxa were used for basket making. Construction of two-thousand-year old mud-plastered granary-baskets from the Pannonian plain is very similar to that of traditional granaries in some present-day villages in Africa. Additionally, one non-plastered basket was also discovered at Oppidum. It was build out of maple (Acer, barberry, buckthorn (Rhamnus and branches of a pomaceous fruits tree (Pomoidae. .

  8. Expression of a serine protease (motopsin PRSS12) mRNA in the mouse brain: in situ hybridization histochemical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iijima, N; Tanaka, M; Mitsui, S; Yamamura, Y; Yamaguchi, N; Ibata, Y

    1999-03-20

    Serine proteases are considered to play several important roles in the brain. In an attempt to find novel brain-specific serine proteases (BSSPs), motopsin (PRSS-12) was cloned from a mouse brain cDNA library by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Northern blot analysis demonstrated that the postnatal 10-day mouse brain contained the most amount of motopsin mRNA. At this developmental stage, in situ hybridization histochemistry showed that motopsin mRNA was specifically expressed in the following regions: cerebral cortical layers II/III, V and VIb, endopiriform cortex and the limbic system, particularly in the CA1 region of the hippocampal formation. In addition, in the brainstem, the oculomotor nucleus, trochlear nucleus, mecencephalic and motor nuclei of trigeminal nerve (N), abducens nucleus, facial nucleus, nucleus of the raphe pontis, dorsoral motor nucleus of vagal N, hypoglossal nucleus and ambiguus nucleus showed motopsin mRNA expression. Expression was also found in the anterior horn of the spinal cord. The above findings strongly suggest that neurons in almost all motor nuclei, particularly in the brainstem and spinal cord, express motopsin mRNA, and that motopsin seems to have a close relation to the functional role of efferent neurons. Copyright 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.

  9. Root finding in the complex plane for seismo-acoustic propagation scenarios with Green's function solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCollom, Brittany A; Collis, Jon M

    2014-09-01

    A normal mode solution to the ocean acoustic problem of the Pekeris waveguide with an elastic bottom using a Green's function formulation for a compressional wave point source is considered. Analytic solutions to these types of waveguide propagation problems are strongly dependent on the eigenvalues of the problem; these eigenvalues represent horizontal wavenumbers, corresponding to propagating modes of energy. The eigenvalues arise as singularities in the inverse Hankel transform integral and are specified by roots to a characteristic equation. These roots manifest themselves as poles in the inverse transform integral and can be both subtle and difficult to determine. Following methods previously developed [S. Ivansson et al., J. Sound Vib. 161 (1993)], a root finding routine has been implemented using the argument principle. Using the roots to the characteristic equation in the Green's function formulation, full-field solutions are calculated for scenarios where an acoustic source lies in either the water column or elastic half space. Solutions are benchmarked against laboratory data and existing numerical solutions.

  10. Cytochrome c oxidase loses catalytic activity and structural integrity during the aging process in Drosophila melanogaster

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ren, Jian-Ching; Rebrin, Igor; Klichko, Vladimir; Orr, William C.; Sohal, Rajindar S.

    2010-01-01

    Research highlights: → Cytochrome c oxidase loses catalytic activity during the aging process. → Abundance of seven nuclear-encoded subunits of cytochrome c oxidase decreased with age in Drosophila. → Cytochrome c oxidase is specific intra-mitochondrial site of age-related deterioration. -- Abstract: The hypothesis, that structural deterioration of cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) is a causal factor in the age-related decline in mitochondrial respiratory activity and an increase in H 2 O 2 generation, was tested in Drosophila melanogaster. CcO activity and the levels of seven different nuclear DNA-encoded CcO subunits were determined at three different stages of adult life, namely, young-, middle-, and old-age. CcO activity declined progressively with age by 33%. Western blot analysis, using antibodies specific to Drosophila CcO subunits IV, Va, Vb, VIb, VIc, VIIc, and VIII, indicated that the abundance these polypeptides decreased, ranging from 11% to 40%, during aging. These and previous results suggest that CcO is a specific intra-mitochondrial site of age-related deterioration, which may have a broad impact on mitochondrial physiology.

  11. Preferential site occupancy of alloying elements in TiAl-based phases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holec, David, E-mail: david.holec@unileoben.ac.at; Reddy, Rajeev K.; Klein, Thomas; Clemens, Helmut [Department of Physical Metallurgy and Materials Testing, Montanuniversität Leoben, Franz-Josef-Strasse 18, A-8700 Leoben (Austria)

    2016-05-28

    First principles calculations are used to study the preferential occupation of ternary alloying additions into the binary Ti-Al phases, namely, γ-TiAl, α{sub 2}-Ti{sub 3}Al, β{sub o}-TiAl, and B19-TiAl. While the early transition metals (TMs, group IVB, VB, and VIB elements) prefer to substitute for Ti atoms in the γ-, α{sub 2}-, and B19-phases, they preferentially occupy Al sites in the β{sub o}-TiAl. Si is, in this context, an anomaly, as it prefers to sit on the Al sublattice for all four phases. B and C are shown to prefer octahedral Ti-rich interstitial positions instead of substitutional incorporation. The site preference energy is linked with the alloying-induced changes of energy of formation, hence alloying-related (de)stabilisation of the phases. We further show that the phase-stabilisation effect of early TMs on β{sub o}-phase has a different origin depending on their valency. Finally, an extensive comparison of our predictions with available theoretical and experimental data (which is, however, limited mostly to the γ-phase) shows a consistent picture.

  12. Vibrational spectral investigation on xanthine and its derivatives--theophylline, caffeine and theobromine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunasekaran, S; Sankari, G; Ponnusamy, S

    2005-01-01

    A normal coordinate analysis has been carried out on four compounds having a similar ring structure with different side chain substitutions, which are xanthine, caffeine, theophylline, and theobromine. Xanthine is chemically known as 2,6-dihydroxy purine. Caffeine, theophylline and theobromine are methylated xanthines. Considering the methyl groups as point mass, the number of normal modes of vibrations can be distributed as Gamma(vib) = 27 A' + 12 A" based on C(s) point group symmetry associated with the structures. In the present work 15 A' and 12 A'' normal modes are considered. A new set of orthonormal symmetry co-ordinates have been constructed. Wilson's F-G matrix method has been adopted for the normal coordinate analysis. A satisfactory vibrational band assignment has been made by employing the FTIR and FT Raman spectra of the compounds. The potential energy distribution is calculated with the arrived values of the force constants and hence the agreement of the frequency assignment has been checked.

  13. Methods of forming single source precursors, methods of forming polymeric single source precursors, and single source precursors and intermediate products formed by such methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Robert V.; Rodriguez, Rene G.; Pak, Joshua J.; Sun, Chivin; Margulieux, Kelsey R.; Holland, Andrew W.

    2012-12-04

    Methods of forming single source precursors (SSPs) include forming intermediate products having the empirical formula 1/2{L.sub.2N(.mu.-X).sub.2M'X.sub.2}.sub.2, and reacting MER with the intermediate products to form SSPs of the formula L.sub.2N(.mu.-ER).sub.2M'(ER).sub.2, wherein L is a Lewis base, M is a Group IA atom, N is a Group IB atom, M' is a Group IIIB atom, each E is a Group VIB atom, each X is a Group VIIA atom or a nitrate group, and each R group is an alkyl, aryl, vinyl, (per)fluoro alkyl, (per)fluoro aryl, silane, or carbamato group. Methods of forming polymeric or copolymeric SSPs include reacting at least one of HE.sup.1R.sup.1E.sup.1H and MER with one or more substances having the empirical formula L.sub.2N(.mu.-ER).sub.2M'(ER).sub.2 or L.sub.2N(.mu.-X).sub.2M'(X).sub.2 to form a polymeric or copolymeric SSP. New SSPs and intermediate products are formed by such methods.

  14. Methods of forming single source precursors, methods of forming polymeric single source precursors, and single source precursors formed by such methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Robert V.; Rodriguez, Rene G.; Pak, Joshua J.; Sun, Chivin; Margulieux, Kelsey R.; Holland, Andrew W.

    2014-09-09

    Methods of forming single source precursors (SSPs) include forming intermediate products having the empirical formula 1/2{L.sub.2N(.mu.-X).sub.2M'X.sub.2}.sub.2, and reacting MER with the intermediate products to form SSPs of the formula L.sub.2N(.mu.-ER).sub.2M'(ER).sub.2, wherein L is a Lewis base, M is a Group IA atom, N is a Group IB atom, M' is a Group IIIB atom, each E is a Group VIB atom, each X is a Group VIIA atom or a nitrate group, and each R group is an alkyl, aryl, vinyl, (per)fluoro alkyl, (per)fluoro aryl, silane, or carbamato group. Methods of forming polymeric or copolymeric SSPs include reacting at least one of HE.sup.1R.sup.1E.sup.1H and MER with one or more substances having the empirical formula L.sub.2N(.mu.-ER).sub.2M'(ER).sub.2 or L.sub.2N(.mu.-X).sub.2M'(X).sub.2 to form a polymeric or copolymeric SSP. New SSPs and intermediate products are formed by such methods.

  15. Diffraction of an impulsive line source with wake

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ayub, M; Naeem, A; Nawaz, Rab

    2010-01-01

    The problem of diffraction due to an impulse line source by an absorbing half-plane with wake using Myres' impedance condition (Myers 1980 J. Sound Vib. 71 429-34) in the presence of a subsonic fluid flow is studied. The time dependence of the field requires a temporal Fourier transform in addition to the spatial Fourier transform. The solution of the problem in the presence of wake is obtained by using Greens' function method, Fourier transform, the Wiener-Hopf technique and the modified stationary phase method. Expressions for the total far field for the trailing edge (wake present) situation are given. It is observed that the field produced by the Kutta-Joukowski condition will be substantially in excess of the field when this condition is ignored. Finally, a simple procedure is devised to calculate the inverse temporal Fourier transform. The solution for the leading edge situation can be obtained if the wake, and consequently a Kutta-Joukowski edge condition, is ignored. This can also be seen from the numerical results.

  16. Phylogenetic analysis of some Newcastle disease virus isolates from the Sudan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.A. Elmardi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available A reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR was used to amplify 1412 bp of the fusion protein gene (F gene of four Newcastle disease virus (NDV isolates; two velogenic (TY-1/90 and DIK-90 and two lentogenic isolates (Dongla 88/1 and GD.S.1. Following sequencing, nucleotide sequences were annotated and 894 bp were compared phylogenetically with those from strains previously reported in the Sudan and the virus strains published on the GenBank. It could be demonstrated that TY-1/90 and DIK-90 strains belong to the genotype VI of NDV and are in close genetic relationship to sub- genotype VIb. TY-1/90 and DIK-90 strains were observed to be genetically unrelated to the earlier Sudanese isolates of 1970/80s and the late of 2000s suggesting a different origin. The close genetic relationship to the European and African pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 (PPMV-1 suggests a common ancestor. Dongola, GD.S.1 strains were classified into genotype II that comprises non-pathogenic lentogenic NDV strains. The present genetic classification of NDV isolates of the Sudan provides valuable information on genotypes of NDV. Further molecular epidemiological investigations of the recent outbreaks of Newcastle disease in the Sudan are needed in order to improve the efficiency of control strategies and vaccine development.

  17. Studies on transport properties of copper doped tungsten diselenide single crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deshpande, M. P.; Parmar, M. N.; Pandya, Nilesh N.; Chaki, Sunil; Bhatt, Sandip V.

    2012-02-01

    During recent years, transition metal dichalcogenides of groups IVB, VB and VIB have received considerable attention because of the great diversity in their transport properties. 2H-WSe 2 (Tungsten diselenide) is an interesting member of the transition metal dichalcogenide (TMDC's) family and known to be a semiconductor useful for photovoltaic and optoelectronic applications. The anisotropy usually observed in this diamagnetic semiconductor material is a result of the sandwich structure of Se-W-Se layers interacting with each other, loosely bonded by the weak Van der Waals forces. Recent efforts in studying the influence of the anisotropic electrical and optical properties of this layered-type transition metal dichalcogenides have been implemented by doping the samples with different alkali group elements. Unfortunately, little work is reported on doping of metals in WSe 2. Therefore, it is proposed in this work to carry out a systematic growth of single crystals of WSe 2 by doping it with copper in different proportions i.e. Cu xWSe 2 ( x=0, 0.5, 1.0) by direct vapour transport technique. Transport properties like low and high temperature resistivity measurements, high pressure resistivity, Seebeck coefficient measurements at low temperature and Hall Effect at room temperature were studied in detail on all these samples. These measurements show that tungsten diselenide single crystals are p-type whereas doped with copper makes it n-type in nature. The results obtained and their implications are discussed in this paper.

  18. Spectroanalytical investigations on inductively coupled N2/Ar and Ar/Ar high frequency plasmas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malinowski, P.; Mazurkiewicz, M.; Nickel, H.

    1981-03-01

    In order to improve the detection limits of trace elements in corrosion products of metallic materials, the inductively coupled plasma excitation source (ICP) was applied for spectroscopic analysis. Besides optimizing the working conditions for the mentioned materials, the fundamental research clearing the excitation processes in ICP was carried out. Basicly, two plasma systems were investigated: the nitrogen cooled N 2 /Ar- and pure Ar/Ar-plasma. The computed detection limits for 8 chosen elements are between 0.1 and 50 μg ml -1 in both plasmas. The advantage of ion lines was clearly present; in N 2 /Ar-plasma it was larger than in Ar/Ar-plasma. The excitation temperatures measured with help of ArI, FeI and ZnI lines rise with increasing power and decreasing distance from the induction coil. The distribution of Zn excitation temperature in N 2 /Ar-plasma as well as the measured N + 2 rotational and CN vibrational temperatures indicate, that the toroidal structure of Ar/Ar-plasma is not analogue to the N 2 /Ar-plasma. The values of the various excitation temperatures (Ar, Fe, Zn) and the differences between the excitation, vibration, rotation and ionization temperatures (Tsub(i) > Tsub(n) = Tsub(vib) > Tsub(rot)) indicate an absence of thermal equilibrium in the concerned system. (orig.)

  19. Motion of organ of Corti structures in the gerbil cochlear apex, measured with a commercial optical coherence tomography (OCT) system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravicz, Michael E.; Cho, Nam-Hyun; Maftoon, Nima; Puria, Sunil

    2018-05-01

    Recent developments in Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) allow measurements of cochlear motions through the bony cochlear wall without holes at spatial resolutions approaching about 10 µm. Measurements to date have been made with custom OCT systems with long development times. We present measurements made with a commercial OCT system driven by custom software (VibOCT) that facilitates near real-time frequency response measurements. The 905-nm wavelength laser and high-speed (100 kHz) camera provide higher axial resolution (3 µm in air) and temporal resolution than previous studies and a sub-nanometer noise floor in air. We gathered anatomical images of the gerbil cochlear apex in vivo at higher resolution than available previously, sufficient to resolve individual outer hair cells, pillar cells, tunnel of Corti and inner sulcus regions. Images from the 3rd apical turn show a bulging of Reissners membrane in vivo that flattened post-mortem with a concomitant reduction in the distance between the Henson cell border and the stria vascularis wall. Vibrometry of the organ of Corti shows a low-pass characteristic in-vivo and post-mortem with a traveling wave-like phase delay similar to a recent study rather than the sharp tuning seen more basally. This system can provide valuable information on cochlear function, which is also useful for the development of detailed cochlear models of the passive and active gerbil apex.

  20. Application of dragonfly algorithm for optimal performance analysis of process parameters in turn-mill operations- A case study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vikram, K. Arun; Ratnam, Ch; Lakshmi, VVK; Kumar, A. Sunny; Ramakanth, RT

    2018-02-01

    Meta-heuristic multi-response optimization methods are widely in use to solve multi-objective problems to obtain Pareto optimal solutions during optimization. This work focuses on optimal multi-response evaluation of process parameters in generating responses like surface roughness (Ra), surface hardness (H) and tool vibration displacement amplitude (Vib) while performing operations like tangential and orthogonal turn-mill processes on A-axis Computer Numerical Control vertical milling center. Process parameters like tool speed, feed rate and depth of cut are considered as process parameters machined over brass material under dry condition with high speed steel end milling cutters using Taguchi design of experiments (DOE). Meta-heuristic like Dragonfly algorithm is used to optimize the multi-objectives like ‘Ra’, ‘H’ and ‘Vib’ to identify the optimal multi-response process parameters combination. Later, the results thus obtained from multi-objective dragonfly algorithm (MODA) are compared with another multi-response optimization technique Viz. Grey relational analysis (GRA).

  1. Roles of phospholipase A2 isoforms in swelling- and melittin-induced arachidonic acid release and taurine efflux in NIH3T3 fibroblasts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Stine Helene Falsig; Poulsen, Kristian Arild; Lambert, Ian H.

    2006-01-01

    Osmotic swelling of NIH3T3 mouse fibroblasts activates a bromoenol lactone (BEL)-sensitive taurine efflux, pointing to the involvement of a Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2) (Lambert IH. J Membr Biol 192: 19-32, 2003). We report that taurine efflux from NIH3T3 cells was not only increased...... by cell swelling but also decreased by cell shrinkage. Arachidonic acid release to the cell exterior was similarly decreased by shrinkage yet not detectably increased by swelling. NIH3T3 cells were found to express cytosolic calcium-dependent cPLA2-IVA, cPLA2-IVB, cPLA2-IVC, iPLA2-VIA, iPLA2-VIB......, and secretory sPLA2-V. Arachidonic acid release from swollen cells was partially inhibited by BEL and by the sPLA2-inhibitor manoalide. Cell swelling elicited BEL-sensitive arachidonic acid release from the nucleus, to which iPLA2-VIA localized. Exposure to the bee venom peptide melittin, to increase PLA2...

  2. Modal Techniques for Remote Identification of Nonlinear Reactions at Gap-Supported Tubes Under Turbulent Excitation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Delaune, X.; Piteau, Ph.; Borsoi, L.; Antunes, J.; Debut, V.

    2010-01-01

    Predictive computation of the nonlinear dynamical responses of gap-supported tubes subjected to flow excitation has been the subject of very active research. Nevertheless, experimental results are still very important, for validation of the theoretical predictions as well as for asserting the integrity of field components. Because carefully instrumented test tubes and tube-supports are seldom possible, due to space limitations and to the severe environment conditions, there is a need for robust techniques capable of extracting, from the actual vibratory response data, information that is relevant for asserting the components integrity. The dynamical contact/impact (vibro-impact) forces are of paramount significance, as are the tube/support gaps. Following our previous studies in this area using wave-propagation techniques (De Araujo, Antunes, and Piteau, 1998, 'Remote Identification of Impact Forces on Loosely Supported Tubes: Part 1-Basic Theory and Experiments', J. Sound Vib., 215, pp. 1015-1041; Antunes, Paulino, and Piteau, 1998, 'Remote Identification of Impact Forces on Loosely Supported Tubes: Part 2-Complex Vibro-Impact Motions', J. Sound Vib., 215, pp. 1043-1064; Paulino, Antunes, and Izquierdo, 1999, 'Remote Identification of Impact Forces on Loosely Supported Tubes: Analysis of Multi-Supported Systems', ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 121, pp. 61-70), we apply modal methods in the present paper for extracting such information. The dynamical support forces, as well as the vibratory responses at the support locations, are identified from one or several vibratory response measurements at remote transducers, from which the support gaps can be inferred. As for most inverse problems, the identification results may prove quite sensitive to noise and modeling errors. Therefore, topics discussed in the paper include regularization techniques to mitigate the effects of non-measured noise perturbations. In particular, a method is proposed to improve the

  3. Core-level spectra and binding energies of transition metal nitrides by non-destructive x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy through capping layers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Greczynski, G.; Primetzhofer, D.; Lu, J.; Hultman, L.

    2017-01-01

    Highlights: • First non-destructive measurements of XPS core level binding energies for group IVb-VIb transition metal nitrides are presented. • All films are grown under the same conditions and analyzed in the same instrument, providing a useful reference for future XPS studies. • Extracted core level BE values are more reliable than those obtained from sputter-cleaned N-deficient surfaces. • Comparison to Ar+-etched surfaces reveals that even mild etching conditions result in the formation of a nitrogen-deficient surface layer. • The N/metal concentration ratios from capped samples are found to be 25-90% higher than those from the corresponding ion-etched surfaces. - Abstract: We present the first measurements of x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) core level binding energies (BE:s) for the widely-applicable group IVb-VIb polycrystalline transition metal nitrides (TMN’s) TiN, VN, CrN, ZrN, NbN, MoN, HfN, TaN, and WN as well as AlN and SiN, which are common components in the TMN-based alloy systems. Nitride thin film samples were grown at 400 °C by reactive dc magnetron sputtering from elemental targets in Ar/N 2 atmosphere. For XPS measurements, layers are either (i) Ar + ion-etched to remove surface oxides resulting from the air exposure during sample transfer from the growth chamber into the XPS system, or (ii) in situ capped with a few nm thick Cr or W overlayers in the deposition system prior to air-exposure and loading into the XPS instrument. Film elemental composition and phase content is thoroughly characterized with time-of-flight elastic recoil detection analysis (ToF-E ERDA), Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS), and x-ray diffraction. High energy resolution core level XPS spectra acquired with monochromatic Al Kα radiation on the ISO-calibrated instrument reveal that even mild etching conditions result in the formation of a nitrogen-deficient surface layer that substantially affects the extracted binding energy values. These

  4. Formações venosas superficiais da fossa cubital: aspectos de interesse para a prática da Enfermagem Formaciones venosas superficiales de la fosa cubital: aspectos de interés para la práctica de Enfermería Superficial venous formation of the cubital fossa: aspects of interest for nursing practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilton Alves

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é contribuir para o conhecimento que auxilie o profissional de enfermagem na identificação dos tipos mais comuns de formações venosas da região da fossa cubital e, ainda, enfocar a importância de estar sempre atento aos casos pouco comuns como o aqui relatado. Através de uma revisão bibliográfica, constatamos que as formações venosas dessa região podem ser classificadas em 5 tipos mais comuns, sendo o tipo II o mais frequente. Constatamos ainda, que a VICo é o local de punção mais indicado, seguido pela VIB. Descrevemos também uma variação anatômica, onde observamos ausência de comunicação entre VC e VB no nível da fossa cubital e VIA drenando na VB, estando presente a VCA.El objetivo de esta investigación es contribuir al conocimiento que auxilie al profesional de enfermería en la identificación de los tipos más comunes de formaciones venosas de la fosa cubital, además de advertir sobre la importancia de fijar la atención a los casos poco comunes, como lo aquí reportado. A través de la revisión bibliográfica, clasificamos las formaciones venosas de esta región en cinco tipos más comunes, siendo lo más frecuente el Tipo II. La utilización de la VICo se recomienda como el mejor sitio de punción, seguido por la VIB. Además, describimos una variación anatómica, donde se observó la ausencia de comunicación entre VC y VB a nivel de fosa cubital y VIA drenando en VB, con presencia de la VCA.The aim of this study is to contribute to the knowledge to assists the nursing staff to identify the most common types of venous formations of the cubital fossa region, and also focus on the importance of always being alert to unusual cases as that reported here. Through a literature review, we found that the venous formations of this region can be classified into five common types, bring the Type II the was most frequent. We also found that MCV is considered the best puncture site, followed by MBV

  5. Core-level spectra and binding energies of transition metal nitrides by non-destructive x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy through capping layers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greczynski, G., E-mail: grzgr@ifm.liu.se [Thin Film Physics Division, Department of Physics (IFM), Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping (Sweden); Primetzhofer, D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 516, SE-751 20 Uppsala (Sweden); Lu, J.; Hultman, L. [Thin Film Physics Division, Department of Physics (IFM), Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping (Sweden)

    2017-02-28

    Highlights: • First non-destructive measurements of XPS core level binding energies for group IVb-VIb transition metal nitrides are presented. • All films are grown under the same conditions and analyzed in the same instrument, providing a useful reference for future XPS studies. • Extracted core level BE values are more reliable than those obtained from sputter-cleaned N-deficient surfaces. • Comparison to Ar+-etched surfaces reveals that even mild etching conditions result in the formation of a nitrogen-deficient surface layer. • The N/metal concentration ratios from capped samples are found to be 25-90% higher than those from the corresponding ion-etched surfaces. - Abstract: We present the first measurements of x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) core level binding energies (BE:s) for the widely-applicable group IVb-VIb polycrystalline transition metal nitrides (TMN’s) TiN, VN, CrN, ZrN, NbN, MoN, HfN, TaN, and WN as well as AlN and SiN, which are common components in the TMN-based alloy systems. Nitride thin film samples were grown at 400 °C by reactive dc magnetron sputtering from elemental targets in Ar/N{sub 2} atmosphere. For XPS measurements, layers are either (i) Ar{sup +} ion-etched to remove surface oxides resulting from the air exposure during sample transfer from the growth chamber into the XPS system, or (ii) in situ capped with a few nm thick Cr or W overlayers in the deposition system prior to air-exposure and loading into the XPS instrument. Film elemental composition and phase content is thoroughly characterized with time-of-flight elastic recoil detection analysis (ToF-E ERDA), Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS), and x-ray diffraction. High energy resolution core level XPS spectra acquired with monochromatic Al Kα radiation on the ISO-calibrated instrument reveal that even mild etching conditions result in the formation of a nitrogen-deficient surface layer that substantially affects the extracted binding energy

  6. Regulamentação da propaganda de alimentos infantis como estratégia para a promoção da saúde Regulation of publicity for children's food as a strategy for promotion of health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Henriques

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available As práticas alimentares da população brasileira vêm se alterando nas últimas décadas e a publicidade é um dos fatores que contribuem para esta situação. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o conteúdo das propagandas de alimentos veiculadas na televisão e dirigidas a crianças, sob a ótica da regulação. As propagandas foram gravadas em fitas VHS de duas grandes emissoras de televisão, no período de férias escolares. Foram utilizadas técnicas de análise de conteúdo e definidas oito categorias de análise a partir do referencial teórico sobre as práticas alimentares e seus determinantes. Para subsidiar a análise utilizou-se a proposta de Regulamento Técnico da Anvisa. Foram contabilizadas 1018 propagandas, das quais foram selecionadas as 132 (12,9% que anunciavam alimentos dirigidos para as crianças, sendo identificados somente 12 produtos diferentes. De acordo com o Regulamento proposto, todas as propagandas analisadas infringiam pelo menos três artigos, entre os quais se destaca o 4º, Incisos III e VIb. É nítida a urgência do setor público de regular o conteúdo das propagandas de alimentos infantis, cujo consumo pode ser prejudicial à saúde devido à influência que exercem na decisão pela compra, tanto por parte das próprias crianças, quanto dos pais.The eating habits of the Brazilian population have been changing in recent decades and publicity is one of the factors contributing to this situation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the content of food publicity broadcast on television and addressed to children, from the standpoint of regulation. The publicity broadcast on the two major television stations during the school holidays was recorded on VHS tapes. Content analysis techniques were used and eight categories of analysis were defined based on the theoretical benchmark of the eating habits and their determining factors. The proposal for a Technical Regulation of Anvisa was used to conduct

  7. BLSSpeller: exhaustive comparative discovery of conserved cis-regulatory elements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Witte, Dieter; Van de Velde, Jan; Decap, Dries; Van Bel, Michiel; Audenaert, Pieter; Demeester, Piet; Dhoedt, Bart; Vandepoele, Klaas; Fostier, Jan

    2015-12-01

    The accurate discovery and annotation of regulatory elements remains a challenging problem. The growing number of sequenced genomes creates new opportunities for comparative approaches to motif discovery. Putative binding sites are then considered to be functional if they are conserved in orthologous promoter sequences of multiple related species. Existing methods for comparative motif discovery usually rely on pregenerated multiple sequence alignments, which are difficult to obtain for more diverged species such as plants. As a consequence, misaligned regulatory elements often remain undetected. We present a novel algorithm that supports both alignment-free and alignment-based motif discovery in the promoter sequences of related species. Putative motifs are exhaustively enumerated as words over the IUPAC alphabet and screened for conservation using the branch length score. Additionally, a confidence score is established in a genome-wide fashion. In order to take advantage of a cloud computing infrastructure, the MapReduce programming model is adopted. The method is applied to four monocotyledon plant species and it is shown that high-scoring motifs are significantly enriched for open chromatin regions in Oryza sativa and for transcription factor binding sites inferred through protein-binding microarrays in O.sativa and Zea mays. Furthermore, the method is shown to recover experimentally profiled ga2ox1-like KN1 binding sites in Z.mays. BLSSpeller was written in Java. Source code and manual are available at http://bioinformatics.intec.ugent.be/blsspeller Klaas.Vandepoele@psb.vib-ugent.be or jan.fostier@intec.ugent.be. Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press.

  8. Studies of insulin secretory responses and of arachidonic acid incorporation into phospholipids of stably transfected insulinoma cells that overexpress group VIA phospholipase A2 (iPLA2beta ) indicate a signaling rather than a housekeeping role for iPLA2beta.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Z; Ramanadham, S; Wohltmann, M; Bohrer, A; Hsu, F F; Turk, J

    2001-04-20

    A cytosolic 84-kDa group VIA phospholipase A(2) (iPLA(2)beta) that does not require Ca(2+) for catalysis has been cloned from several sources, including rat and human pancreatic islet beta-cells and murine P388D1 cells. Many potential iPLA(2)beta functions have been proposed, including a signaling role in beta-cell insulin secretion and a role in generating lysophosphatidylcholine acceptors for arachidonic acid incorporation into P388D1 cell phosphatidylcholine (PC). Proposals for iPLA(2)beta function rest in part on effects of inhibiting iPLA(2)beta activity with a bromoenol lactone (BEL) suicide substrate, but BEL also inhibits phosphatidate phosphohydrolase-1 and a group VIB phospholipase A(2). Manipulation of iPLA(2)beta expression by molecular biologic means is an alternative approach to study iPLA(2)beta functions, and we have used a retroviral construct containing iPLA(2)beta cDNA to prepare two INS-1 insulinoma cell clonal lines that stably overexpress iPLA(2)beta. Compared with parental INS-1 cells or cells transfected with empty vector, both iPLA(2)beta-overexpressing lines exhibit amplified insulin secretory responses to glucose and cAMP-elevating agents, and BEL substantially attenuates stimulated secretion. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometric analyses of arachidonic acid incorporation into INS-1 cell PC indicate that neither overexpression nor inhibition of iPLA(2)beta affects the rate or extent of this process in INS-1 cells. Immunocytofluorescence studies with antibodies directed against iPLA(2)beta indicate that cAMP-elevating agents increase perinuclear fluorescence in INS-1 cells, suggesting that iPLA(2)beta associates with nuclei. These studies are more consistent with a signaling than with a housekeeping role for iPLA(2)beta in insulin-secreting beta-cells.

  9. Effects of Mo-doping on microstructure and near-infrared shielding performance of hydrothermally prepared tungsten bronzes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Qingjuan; Li, Can; Xu, Wenai; Zhao, Xiaolin; Zhu, Jingxin [Laboratory of Green Energy Materials and Storage Systems, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024 (China); Jiang, Haiwei, E-mail: tyjmx@163.com [Laboratory of Green Energy Materials and Storage Systems, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024 (China); Kang, Litao, E-mail: kangltxy@163.com [Laboratory of Green Energy Materials and Storage Systems, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024 (China); State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (China); Zhao, Zhe [School of Materials Science & Engineering, Shanghai Institute of Technology, Shanghai 201418 (China)

    2017-03-31

    Highlights: • Mo-doped tungsten bronzes were hydrothermally synthesized at 80 °C. • Samples transformed from hexagonal to monoclinic structure with Mo-content increase. • 1.5% Mo-doped samples show the best near-infrared shielding performance. • High Mo-doping weakens localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) absorption and thus NIR shielding performance. • Small polaron absorption seems to be less affected by Mo-doping. - Abstract: Both Mo and W belong to VIB-sub-group, and possess similar ionic radii, electronegativity and oxide lattice configuration. Herein, Mo-doped (0–80 at.%) tungsten bronzes, M{sub x}WO{sub 3}, were hydrothermally prepared to systematically explore the influence of Mo-doping on their micro-structure and optical performance. The products adopted a hexagonal structure within 6 at.% Mo-doping, and transformed into a monoclinic phase with higher Mo-doping content. Further tests suggested that 1.5 at.% Mo-doping is beneficial for the formation of pure hexagonal phase and uniform nano-rod morphology. Optical measures showed that all samples exhibited high and comparable visible transmittance (70–80%), but a very different near infrared (NIR) shielding ability. The sample doped with 1.5 at.% Mo demonstrated the best NIR shielding ability with a transmittance minimum of 20% at 1300 nm. Further increase of Mo-doping dosage remarkably deteriorated NIR shielding ability by depressing the absorption of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR). However, the optical absorption from small-polaron was less influenced by the introduction of Mo. As a result, Mo-doping caused an evident blue shift of the infrared absorption peaks from 1350 to 750 nm.

  10. Spectroscopy of vibrationally hot molecules: Hydrogen cyanide and acetylene

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jonas, D.M.

    1992-01-01

    An efficient formula for calculating nuclear spin statistical weights is presented. New experimental methods to distinguish electric and magnetic multipole transitions are proposed and used to prove that the formaldehyde A - X 0-0 transition is a magnetic dipole transition. HIgh resolution vacuum ultraviolet studies of the A → X fluorescence excitation spectrum of hydrogen cyanide (HCN) have: (i) determined that only the (0,1,0) vibrational level of the HCN A-state has a sufficiently long fluorescence lifetime to be suitable for Stimulated Emission Pumping (SEP) studies; and (ii) measured the electric dipole moment of the A-state. Several transitions in the hydrogen cyanide A → X SEP spectrum are shown to be due to the axis-switching mechanism. From a Franck-Condon plot of the intensities and a comparison between sums of predicted rotational constants and sums of observed rotational constants, all of the remaining transitions in the SEP spectrum can be securly assigned. Two weak resonances; a 2:3 CH:CN stretch Fermi resonance and a 6:2 bend:CN stretch resonance appear in the SEP spectrum. Excitation of the CH stretching vibration is predicted and shown to be entirely absent, apart from resonances, in the HCN SEP spectrum. A → X SEP spectra of acetylene (HCCH) near E VIB = 7,000 cm -1 display a wealth of strong and fully assignable anharmonic resonances and forbidden rotational transitions. It is proved that Darling-Dennison resonance between the cis and trans bending vibrations is the crucial first step in a series of anharmonic resonances which can transfer nearly all the vibrational energy out of the initial CC stretch/trans-bend excitation at high vibrational energy. Secondary steps in the vibrational energy flow are vibrational-l-resonance and the '2345' Fermi resonance. For short times, the vibrational energy redistribution obeys very restrictive rules

  11. Using the integral equations method to model a 2G racetrack coil with anisotropic critical current dependence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, F. G. R.; Sass, F.; Barusco, P.; Ferreira, A. C.; de Andrade, R., Jr.

    2017-11-01

    Second-generation (2G) superconducting wires have already proved their potential in several applications. These materials have a highly nonlinear behavior that turns an optimized engineering project into a challenge. Between several numerical techniques that can be used to perform this task, the integral equations (IE) method stands out for avoiding mesh problems by representing the 2G wire cross-sectional area by a line. While most applications need to be represented in a 3D geometry, the IE is limited to longitudinal or axisymmetric models. This work demonstrates that a complex 3D geometry can be modeled by several coupled simulations using the IE method. In order to prove this statement, the proposed technique was used to simulate a 2G racetrack coil considering the self-field magnitude (B) and incidence angle (θ) on the tape. The J c characteristic was modeled in terms of parallel and normal to the tape plane magnetic field components (J c(B ∥ , B ⊥)) obtained from a V-I(B, θ) characterization of a tape segment. This result was implemented using commercial software with both A-V (vector magnetic potential and scalar voltage potential) and IE coupled simulations solved by finite elements. This solution bypasses the meshing problem due to the tapes slim geometry, considering each turn a single 1D model, all magnetically interacting in two 2D models. The simulations results are in good agreement to what was both expected and observed in the literature. The simulation is compared to the measured V-I characteristic for a single pancake racetrack coil built with same geometry as its simulation models, and a theoretical study demonstrates the possibilities of the proposed tool for analyzing a racetrack coil current density and electric field behavior in each of its turns.

  12. Potassium, rubidium, strontium, thorium and uranium of the cretaceous plutons in the Kitakami Mountains

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Katada, Masato; Kanaya, Hiroshi.

    1980-01-01

    The Cretaceous plutonic rocks in the Kitakami Mountains, 110 to 125 Ma in K-Ar ages on biotite, etc., can be petrographically and petrochemically classified into seven groups; Zones I, II, III, IV, V, VIa and VIb. Some of them are arranged in the east to west direction. The plutons of Zones II and V are mainly felsic. They are of comparatively big dimension reaching 600 square kilometers. The plutons of other zones are composed of felsic and mafic rocks. They occur on a small scale. The plutonic rocks have been chemically analysed for CaO, K 2 O, Rb, Sr, Th, and U. In the mafic rocks of CaO > 8.2 percent, the contents of CaO and Na 2 O are nearly equal in each zone throughout the Kitakami Mountains. K 2 O, Rb, Th, and U contents, however, generally increase westward. Sr also does. In the westernmost zone, Zone IV, the mafic rocks resemble shoshonite concerning their major elements. Some of the plutons, especially in Zones II and V, are zonally divided into marginal and central facies. The two facies are different in their K 2 O, Rb, etc. contents, and K/Rb and other ratios. In the marginal facies K 2 O and Rb are richer and K/Rb is smaller than those in the central facies. This fact suggests the different processes of magmatic differentiation in the two facies. Intrusion of the marginal facies have successively followed by that of the central facies. (author)

  13. Topological side-chain classification of beta-turns: ideal motifs for peptidomimetic development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Tran Trung; McKie, Jim; Meutermans, Wim D F; Bourne, Gregory T; Andrews, Peter R; Smythe, Mark L

    2005-08-01

    Beta-turns are important topological motifs for biological recognition of proteins and peptides. Organic molecules that sample the side chain positions of beta-turns have shown broad binding capacity to multiple different receptors, for example benzodiazepines. Beta-turns have traditionally been classified into various types based on the backbone dihedral angles (phi2, psi2, phi3 and psi3). Indeed, 57-68% of beta-turns are currently classified into 8 different backbone families (Type I, Type II, Type I', Type II', Type VIII, Type VIa1, Type VIa2 and Type VIb and Type IV which represents unclassified beta-turns). Although this classification of beta-turns has been useful, the resulting beta-turn types are not ideal for the design of beta-turn mimetics as they do not reflect topological features of the recognition elements, the side chains. To overcome this, we have extracted beta-turns from a data set of non-homologous and high-resolution protein crystal structures. The side chain positions, as defined by C(alpha)-C(beta) vectors, of these turns have been clustered using the kth nearest neighbor clustering and filtered nearest centroid sorting algorithms. Nine clusters were obtained that cluster 90% of the data, and the average intra-cluster RMSD of the four C(alpha)-C(beta) vectors is 0.36. The nine clusters therefore represent the topology of the side chain scaffold architecture of the vast majority of beta-turns. The mean structures of the nine clusters are useful for the development of beta-turn mimetics and as biological descriptors for focusing combinatorial chemistry towards biologically relevant topological space.

  14. Assessing genetic diversity among Brettanomyces yeasts by DNA fingerprinting and whole-genome sequencing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crauwels, Sam; Zhu, Bo; Steensels, Jan; Busschaert, Pieter; De Samblanx, Gorik; Marchal, Kathleen; Willems, Kris A; Verstrepen, Kevin J; Lievens, Bart

    2014-07-01

    Brettanomyces yeasts, with the species Brettanomyces (Dekkera) bruxellensis being the most important one, are generally reported to be spoilage yeasts in the beer and wine industry due to the production of phenolic off flavors. However, B. bruxellensis is also known to be a beneficial contributor in certain fermentation processes, such as the production of certain specialty beers. Nevertheless, despite its economic importance, Brettanomyces yeasts remain poorly understood at the genetic and genomic levels. In this study, the genetic relationship between more than 50 Brettanomyces strains from all presently known species and from several sources was studied using a combination of DNA fingerprinting techniques. This revealed an intriguing correlation between the B. bruxellensis fingerprints and the respective isolation source. To further explore this relationship, we sequenced a (beneficial) beer isolate of B. bruxellensis (VIB X9085; ST05.12/22) and compared its genome sequence with the genome sequences of two wine spoilage strains (AWRI 1499 and CBS 2499). ST05.12/22 was found to be substantially different from both wine strains, especially at the level of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). In addition, there were major differences in the genome structures between the strains investigated, including the presence of large duplications and deletions. Gene content analysis revealed the presence of 20 genes which were present in both wine strains but absent in the beer strain, including many genes involved in carbon and nitrogen metabolism, and vice versa, no genes that were missing in both AWRI 1499 and CBS 2499 were found in ST05.12/22. Together, this study provides tools to discriminate Brettanomyces strains and provides a first glimpse at the genetic diversity and genome plasticity of B. bruxellensis. Copyright © 2014, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

  15. Electronic and magnetic properties of 1T-HfS{sub 2} by doping transition-metal atoms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhao, Xu, E-mail: zhaoxu@htu.cn [College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang, Henan 453007 (China); Wang, Tianxing; Wang, Guangtao [College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang, Henan 453007 (China); Dai, Xianqi [College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang, Henan 453007 (China); Department of Physics, Zhengzhou Normal University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450044 (China); Xia, Congxin [College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang, Henan 453007 (China); Yang, Lin [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 453007 (China)

    2016-10-15

    Highlights: • Pristine 1T-HfS{sub 2} is a semiconductor with indirect gaps of 1.250 eV • Magnetism can be observed for V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, and Cu doping. • Strong p–d hybridization was found between TM 3d orbitals and S 3p orbitals. • V-doped 1T-HfS{sub 2} is ideal for spin injection. - Abstract: We explored the electronic and magnetic properties of 1T-HfS{sub 2} doped by transition metal (TM) atom using the first-principles calculation. We doped the transition metal atoms from the IIIB to VIB groups in nonmagnetic 1T-HfS{sub 2}. Numerical results show that the pristine 1T-HfS{sub 2} is a semiconductor with indirect gaps of 1.250 eV. Magnetism can be observed for V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, and Cu doping. The polarized charges mainly arise from the localized 3d electrons of the TM atom. The strong p–d hybridization was found between the 3d orbitals of TM and 3p orbitals of S. The substituted 1T-HfS{sub 2} can be a metal, semiconductor or half-metal. Analysis of the band structure and magnetic properties indicates that TM-doped HfS{sub 2} (TM = V, Fe, Cu) are promising systems to explore two-dimensional diluted magnetic semiconductors. The formation energy calculations also indicate that it is energetically favorable and relatively easier to incorporate transition metal atom into the HfS{sub 2} under S-rich experimental conditions. In contrast, V-doped HfS{sub 2} has relatively wide half-metallic gap and low formation energy. So V-doped 1T-HfS{sub 2} is ideal for spin injection, which is important for application in semiconductor spintronics.

  16. PENINGKATAN KARAKTER SISWA MELALUI PENGEMBANGAN BUKU AJAR BAHASA INGGRIS INTERAKTIF BERBASIS NILAI-NILAI BUDAYA BANGSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marsuki Marsuki

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The study aims at developing a nation character and culture values-based interactive English textbook and examining its effectivity for the elementary school students in Malang. The development and experiment designs are used and the subjects  consist of experts and target. The expert is an expert in instructional materials and multimedia, while the target is students of the sixth grade Elementary School Dinoyo IV Malang which totals 40 students. The true experiment design, pretest-posttest control group is used  by random sampling technique to obtain experiment and control groups, each of which consists of 20 students. The instruments are questionnaire, interview, and test. Based on the data analysis, it was found that the interactive English textbook fulfilled good criteria of textbook in either material coverage and selection or multimedia application. The positive responses of the students and teachers indicated good quality of textbook in improving students’ competences in English. Through statistical test, it was found t result (5.93  was bigger than t table (1.310 in level of significance 0.01 and (1.697 in level of significance 0.05. It means that Ha which states “The students of class VIB Elementary School Dinoyo IV Malang who were taught using the nation character and culture values-based interactive English textbook, had better English competences than those of class VIA who were taught using manual English textbook” was accepted, while H0 was rejected. Therefore, it can be concluded that the  use of the textbook is very effective in improving the students English competences of Elementary School in Malang.

  17. Thermodynamic scaling behavior in genechips

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Van Hummelen Paul

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Affymetrix Genechips are characterized by probe pairs, a perfect match (PM and a mismatch (MM probe differing by a single nucleotide. Most of the data preprocessing algorithms neglect MM signals, as it was shown that MMs cannot be used as estimators of the non-specific hybridization as originally proposed by Affymetrix. The aim of this paper is to study in detail on a large number of experiments the behavior of the average PM/MM ratio. This is taken as an indicator of the quality of the hybridization and, when compared between different chip series, of the quality of the chip design. Results About 250 different GeneChip hybridizations performed at the VIB Microarray Facility for Homo sapiens, Drosophila melanogaster, and Arabidopsis thaliana were analyzed. The investigation of such a large set of data from the same source minimizes systematic experimental variations that may arise from differences in protocols or from different laboratories. The PM/MM ratios are derived theoretically from thermodynamic laws and a link is made with the sequence of PM and MM probe, more specifically with their central nucleotide triplets. Conclusion The PM/MM ratios subdivided according to the different central nucleotides triplets follow qualitatively those deduced from the hybridization free energies in solution. It is shown also that the PM and MM histograms are related by a simple scale transformation, in agreement with what is to be expected from hybridization thermodynamics. Different quantitative behavior is observed on the different chip organisms analyzed, suggesting that some organism chips have superior probe design compared to others.

  18. Virtual Prototyping and Validation of Cpps within a New Software Framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastian Neumeyer

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available As a result of the growing demand for highly customized and individual products, companies need to enable flexible and intelligent manufacturing. Cyber-physical production systems (CPPS will act autonomously in the future in an interlinked production and enable such flexibility. However, German mid-sized plant manufacturers rarely use virtual technologies for design and validation in order to design CPPS. The research project Virtual Commissioning with Smart Hybrid Prototyping (VIB-SHP investigated the usage of virtual technologies for manufacturing systems and CPPS design. Aspects of asynchronous communicating, intelligent- and autonomous-acting production equipment in an immersive validation environment, have been investigated. To enable manufacturing system designers to validate CPPS, a software framework for virtual prototyping has been developed. A mechatronic construction kit for production system design integrates discipline-specific models and manages them in a product lifecycle management (PLM solution. With this construction kit manufacturing designers are able to apply virtual technologies and the validation of communication processes with the help of behavior models. The presented approach resolves the sequential design process for the development of mechanical, electrical, and software elements and ensures the consistency of these models. With the help of a bill of material (BOM- and signal-based alignment of the discipline-specific models in an integrated mechatronic product model, the communication of the design status and changes are improved. The re-use of already-specified and -designed modules enable quick behavior modeling, code evaluation, as well as interaction with the virtualized assembly system in an immersive environment.

  19. Thermodynamic properties of liquid alloys systems Fe - Ni - O - Me - Si

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Н.О. Шаркіна

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available  In the isoperabelic calorimeter at 1870 are determined partial and integral enthalpies of mixture of liquid alloys of systems Fe – Ni – O - Me and Fe – Ni – O – Me – Si, where Me – IVb-, Vb-, VIb-metals. The basis of alloy was served invars with the contents of oxygen by 0,06 %. Established, that the melts of systems Fe – Ni – O – IVb- (Vb--metals are characterized by strong interparticle interplay. The components of the maiden portions IVb- (Vb--metals in Fe – Ni – O melts are accompanied by very large exothermal effects (from – 400 up to – 1000 kJ/mol, which one considerably surpass those in double melts Fe(Ni – Me. The subsequent portions IVb- (Vb--metals caused smaller allocation of a heat (in limits from – 100 up to – 30 kJ/mol, that is conditioned by a decrease of the contents of dissolved oxygen. The partial enthalpies of mixture of molybdenum and tungsten in melts Fe – Ni – O are close to those in a nickel, and for a chromium exceed them. Is rotined, that D` HSi in liquid alloys Fe – Ni – O – Mo (– 450 kJ/mol considerably surpass that are characteristic for a nickel (– 50 kJ/mol. It is explained by interplay of silicon with the stayed dissolved oxygen in initial melts of a system Fe – Ni – O – Mo.

  20. Ab initio anharmonic vibrational frequency predictions for linear proton-bound complexes OC-H(+)-CO and N(2)-H(+)-N(2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terrill, Kasia; Nesbitt, David J

    2010-08-01

    Ab initio anharmonic transition frequencies are calculated for strongly coupled (i) asymmetric and (ii) symmetric proton stretching modes in the X-H(+)-X linear ionic hydrogen bonded complexes for OCHCO(+) and N(2)HN(2)(+). The optimized potential surface is calculated in these two coordinates for each molecular ion at CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVnZ (n = 2-4) levels and extrapolated to the complete-basis-set limit (CBS). Slices through both 2D surfaces reveal a relatively soft potential in the asymmetric proton stretching coordinate at near equilibrium geometries, which rapidly becomes a double minimum potential with increasing symmetric proton acceptor center of mass separation. Eigenvalues are obtained by solution of the 2D Schrödinger equation with potential/kinetic energy coupling explicity taken into account, converged in a distributed Gaussian basis set as a function of grid density. The asymmetric proton stretch fundamental frequency for N(2)HN(2)(+) is predicted at 848 cm(-1), with strong negative anharmonicity in the progression characteristic of a shallow "particle in a box" potential. The corresponding proton stretch fundamental for OCHCO(+) is anomalously low at 386 cm(-1), but with a strong alternation in the vibrational spacing due to the presence of a shallow D(infinityh) transition state barrier (Delta = 398 cm(-1)) between the two equivalent minimum geometries. Calculation of a 2D dipole moment surface and transition matrix elements reveals surprisingly strong combination and difference bands with appreciable intensity throughout the 300-1500 cm(-1) region. Corrected for zero point (DeltaZPE) and thermal vibrational excitation (DeltaE(vib)) at 300 K, the single and double dissociation energies in these complexes are in excellent agreement with thermochemical gas phase ion data.

  1. Reference binding energies of transition metal carbides by core-level x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy free from Ar+ etching artefacts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greczynski, G.; Primetzhofer, D.; Hultman, L.

    2018-04-01

    We report x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) core level binding energies (BE's) for the widely-applicable groups IVb-VIb transition metal carbides (TMCs) TiC, VC, CrC, ZrC, NbC, MoC, HfC, TaC, and WC. Thin film samples are grown in the same deposition system, by dc magnetron co-sputtering from graphite and respective elemental metal targets in Ar atmosphere. To remove surface contaminations resulting from exposure to air during sample transfer from the growth chamber into the XPS system, layers are either (i) Ar+ ion-etched or (ii) UHV-annealed in situ prior to XPS analyses. High resolution XPS spectra reveal that even gentle etching affects the shape of core level signals, as well as BE values, which are systematically offset by 0.2-0.5 eV towards lower BE. These destructive effects of Ar+ ion etch become more pronounced with increasing the metal atom mass due to an increasing carbon-to-metal sputter yield ratio. Systematic analysis reveals that for each row in the periodic table (3d, 4d, and 5d) C 1s BE increases from left to right indicative of a decreased charge transfer from TM to C atoms, hence bond weakening. Moreover, C 1s BE decreases linearly with increasing carbide/metal melting point ratio. Spectra reported here, acquired from a consistent set of samples in the same instrument, should serve as a reference for true deconvolution of complex XPS cases, including multinary carbides, nitrides, and carbonitrides.

  2. Changes in Cartilage Morphology of the Knee after 14-days of Bed Rest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liphardt, A.-M.; Mündermann, A.; Koo, S.; Bäcker, N.; Andriacchi, T.; Zange, J.; Mester, J.; Heer, M.

    Introduction While there are still many unanswered questions related to the effects of space flight and disuse on cartilage health and cartilage morphology the number of in vivo experiments in humans is small For muscle and bone tissue it is well known that unloading results in degeneration of those tissues Also for cartilage previous studies in patients suggest that unloading causes cartilage degeneration Studies using immobilization as a model of unloading help to investigate the importance of experiencing mechanical loads for the maintenance of healthy biological tissues The goal of our study was to investigate whether bed rest induced immobilization has a negative effect on articular cartilage in healthy subjects and if vibration training is a potential counter-measure for these negative effects Methods Eight male healthy subjects 78 1 pm 9 5 kg 179 pm 9 6 cm 26 pm 5 years performed a 14-day bed rest in 6 r -head down tilt HDT The study was designed in a cross-over-design where each subject received a training intervention vib in one phase and no intervention con in the other phase During the training intervention subjects trained 2 x 5-minutes per day at 20 Hz with 2 -- 4 mm amplitude on a vibration plate Galileo 900 Magnet resonance MR imaging of the right knee was performed to measure articular cartilage thickness MR-images 2 mm slice thickness 0 35 mm x 0 35 mm in-plane resolution 448 x 512 pixels were taken before and after bed rest to investigate the effects of bed rest

  3. Numerical simulation of the generation mechanism of axisymmetric supersonic jet screech tones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, X. D.; Gao, J. H.

    2005-08-01

    In this paper an axisymmetric computational aeroacoustic procedure is developed to investigate the generation mechanism of axisymmetric supersonic jet screech tones. The axisymmetric Navier-Stokes equations and the two equations standard k-ɛ turbulence model modified by Turpin and Troyes ["Validation of a two-equation turbulence model for axisymmetric reacting and non-reaction flows," AIAA Paper No. 2000-3463 (2000)] are solved in the generalized curvilinear coordinate system. A generalized wall function is applied in the nozzle exit wall region. The dispersion-relation-preserving scheme is applied for space discretization. The 2N storage low-dissipation and low-dispersion Runge-Kutta scheme is employed for time integration. Much attention is paid to far-field boundary conditions and turbulence model. The underexpanded axisymmetric supersonic jet screech tones are simulated over the Mach number from 1.05 to 1.2. Numerical results are presented and compared with the experimental data by other researchers. The simulated wavelengths of A0, A1, A2, and B modes and part of simulated amplitudes agree very well with the measurement data by Ponton and Seiner ["The effects of nozzle exit lip thickness on plume resonance," J. Sound Vib. 154, 531 (1992)]. In particular, the phenomena of modes jumping have been captured correctly although the numerical procedure has to be improved to predict the amplitudes of supersonic jet screech tones more accurately. Furthermore, the phenomena of shock motions are analyzed. The predicted splitting and combination of shock cells are similar with the experimental observations of Panda ["Shock oscillation in underexpanded screeching jets," J. Fluid. Mech. 363, 173 (1998)]. Finally, the receptivity process is numerically studied and analyzed. It is shown that the receptivity zone is associated with the initial thin shear layer, and the incoming and reflected sound waves.

  4. Determination of bond energies by mass spectrometry. Some transition metal carbonyls

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Michels, G.D.

    1979-01-01

    Two groups of transition metal carbonyls have been studied, M(CO) 6 and M(CO) 5 CS complexes of the Group VIB metals and M 2 (CO) 10 complexes of the Group VIIB metals. Results for the hexacarbonyl complexes indicate that the measured fragmentation energies are in error by 0.25 +- 0.02 eV per CO produced. This is attributed to excitation of CO to the first vibrational state. Least-squares dissociation energies calculated from corrected data for M(CO) 5 CS complexes indicate that the M--CS bond is 3 to 4 times stronger than the M--CO bonds. Substitution of CS for CO in going from M(CO) 6 to M(CO) 5 CS weakens the remaining M--CO bonds by an average of 0.2 eV. Previously unreported MnTc(CO) 10 and TcRe(CO) 10 are prepared by halide substitution of Tc(CO) 5 Br and Re(CO) 5 Br with Mn(CO) 5 - and Tc(CO) 5 - , respectively. In the positive ion, metal and mixed-metal decacarbonyls are considered as (CO) 5 M + --M(CO) 5 complexes possessing five strong and five weak M--CO bonds. For Mn 2 (CO) 10 and Re 2 (CO) 10 , M + --M dissociation energies are 3.0 +- 0.1 and 4.0 +- 0.3 eV, respectively. These energies are 2.5 times greater than those reported for homolytic cleavage to M(CO) 5 + and M(CO) 5

  5. IDENTIFICAÇÃO DE ÁREAS RELEVANTES PARA CONSERVAÇÃO COM BASE EM INDICADORES BIOLÓGICOS: SUBSÍDIO AO ZONEAMENTO DE DOIS PARQUES NACIONAIS NO CERRADO BRASILEIRO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reuber Albuquerque Brandão

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available A identificação de zonas de manejo de uma unidade de conservação é uma peça-chave para o sucesso de sua gestão. Esse zoneamento, proposto no plano de manejo, baseia-se nos atributos dos ecossistemas inseridos nos limites e entorno da unidade de conservação. No entanto, a proposição de zonas geralmente é um processo mais empírico que técnico. Isso ocorre devido à carência de ferramentas capazes de unir atributos ambientais e valores biológicos dispersos na paisagem. Aqui é apresentada uma ferramenta de análise que identifica regiões de diferentes graus de relevância biológica com base no cruzamento de camadas de informação espacial (declividade, altimetria, classes de vegetação, com um índice denominado Valor de Importância Biológica (VIB produzido pela riqueza e grau de ameaça da fauna em diferentes pontos amostrais. Os registros pontuais de fauna foram obtidos durante uma Avaliação Ecológica Rápida dos Parques Nacionais da Serra da Bodoquena e Chapada dos Guimarães para seu plano de manejo. A importância das diferentes camadas de informação (biológica e espacial foi ponderada utilizando ferramentas de GIS. Este método representou eficientemente as características da paisagem, ajudou a delimitar a zona de amortecimento e indicou a relevância de cada fitofisionomia das Unidades de Conservação na conservação da biodiversidade.

  6. A Chimeric NaV1.8 Channel Expression System Based on HEK293T Cell Line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xi Zhou

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Among the nine voltage-gated sodium channel (NaV subtypes, NaV1.8 is an attractive therapeutic target for pain. The heterologous expression of recombinant NaV1.8 currents is of particular importance for its electrophysiological and pharmacological studies. However, NaV1.8 expresses no or low-level functional currents when transiently transfected into non-neuronal cell lines. The present study aims to explore the molecular determinants limiting its functional expression and accordingly establish a functional NaV1.8 expression system. We conducted screening analysis of the NaV1.8 intracellular loops by constructing NaV chimeric channels and confirmed that the NaV1.8 C-terminus was the only limiting factor. Replacing this sequence with that of NaV1.4, NaV1.5, or NaV1.7 constructed functional channels (NaV1.8/1.4L5, NaV1.8/1.5L5, and NaV1.8/1.7L5, respectively, which expressed high-level NaV1.8-like currents in HEK293T cells. The chimeric channel NaV1.8/1.7L5 displayed much faster inactivation of its macroscopic currents than NaV1.8/1.4L5 and NaV1.8/1.5L5, and it was the most similar to wild-type NaV1.8 expressed in ND7/23 cells. Its currents were very stable during repetitive depolarizations, while its repriming kinetic was different from wild-type NaV1.8. Most importantly, NaV1.8/1.7L5 pharmacologically resembled wild-type NaV1.8 as revealed by testing their susceptibility to two NaV1.8 selective antagonists, APETx-2 and MrVIB. NaV chimeras study showed that at least the domain 2 and domain 4 of NaV1.8 were involved in binding with APETx-2. Our study provided new insights into the function of NaV1.8 intracellular loops, as well as a reliable and convenient expression system which could be useful in NaV1.8 studies.

  7. Effect of tendon vibration during wide-pulse neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on muscle force production in people with spinal cord injury (SCI).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bochkezanian, Vanesa; Newton, Robert U; Trajano, Gabriel S; Vieira, Amilton; Pulverenti, Timothy S; Blazevich, Anthony J

    2018-02-13

    Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is commonly used in skeletal muscles in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) with the aim of increasing muscle recruitment and thus muscle force production. NMES has been conventionally used in clinical practice as functional electrical stimulation (FES), using low levels of evoked force that cannot optimally stimulate muscular strength and mass improvements, and thus trigger musculoskeletal changes in paralysed muscles. The use of high intensity intermittent NMES training using wide-pulse width and moderate-intensity as a strength training tool could be a promising method to increase muscle force production in people with SCI. However, this type of protocol has not been clinically adopted because it may generate rapid muscle fatigue and thus prevent the performance of repeated high-intensity muscular contractions in paralysed muscles. Moreover, superimposing patellar tendon vibration onto the wide-pulse width NMES has been shown to elicit further increases in impulse or, at least, reduce the rate of fatigue in repeated contractions in able-bodied populations, but there is a lack of evidence to support this argument in people with SCI. Nine people with SCI received two NMES protocols with and without superimposing patellar tendon vibration on different days (i.e. STIM and STIM+vib), which consisted of repeated 30 Hz trains of 58 wide-pulse width (1000 μs) symmetric biphasic pulses (0.033-s inter-pulse interval; 2 s stimulation train; 2-s inter-train interval) being delivered to the dominant quadriceps femoris. Starting torque was 20% of maximal doublet-twitch torque and stimulations continued until torque declined to 50% of the starting torque. Total knee extensor impulse was calculated as the primary outcome variable. Total knee extensor impulse increased in four subjects when patellar tendon vibration was imposed (59.2 ± 15.8%) but decreased in five subjects (- 31.3 ± 25.7%). However, there were no

  8. Infiltração de água no solo em um latossolo vermelho da região sudoeste dos cerrados com diferentes sistemas de uso e manejo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Maior Bono

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Na região do Cerrado, as atividades agrícolas têm provocado impactos negativos, principalmente, na qualidade do solo e da água. Tanto em sistemas de exploração agrícola ou de pecuária, com diferentes manejos, a degradação física do solo é uma das consequências da redução da produtividade. O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar a infiltração de água no solo sob influência de diferentes sistemas de manejo em um Latossolo Vermelho distrófico na região dos Cerrados. Os tratamentos foram os seguintes sistemas de manejo: a solo sob vegetação nativa; b solo com implantação de lavoura de soja durante um ano, seguido de três anos de pastagens; c solo com implantação de lavoura de soja durante quatro anos, seguidos por quatro anos de pastagem; d solo com lavoura de soja contínua em sistema de plantio direto; e e solo com pastagem continuamente. Foram avaliadas, no período de 1995 a 2002, a velocidade de infiltração básica (VIB e a infiltração de água acumulada no solo, utilizando o método de duplos anéis concêntricos. Os usos do solo com sistema de lavoura contínua, pecuária contínua e integração lavoura-pecuária tiveram a velocidade de infiltração básica e infiltração acumulada reduzidas em relação ao solo com vegetação nativa na região do Cerrado. Entre os sistemas estudados, o sistema de integração lavoura-pecuária foi o que apresentou valores mais próximos aos do solo sob vegetação nativa.

  9. Micro-Raman spectroscopy a powerful technique to identify crocidolite and erionite fibers in tissue sections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rinaudo, C.; Croce, A.; Allegrina, M.; Baris, I. Y.; Dogan, A.; Powers, A.; Rivera, Z.; Bertino, P.; Yang, H.; Gaudino, G.; Carbone, M.

    2013-05-01

    .I. Baris, P. Bertino, B. Brass, S. Comertpay, A.U. Dogan et al. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci U S A 2011;108 (33), 13618. A.U. Dogan, Y.I.Baris, M. Dogan, S. Emri, I. Steele, A.G. Elmishad et al. Cancer Res. 2006,66 (10), 5063. M. Dogan. Scanning. 2012, 34 (1), 37. C. Rinaudo, M. Allegrina, E. Fornero, M. Musa, A. Croce, D. Bellis. J. Raman Spectrosc. 2010, 41 (1), 27. C. Rinaudo, A. Croce, M. Musa, E. Fornero, M. Allegrina, P. Trivero, et al. Appl. Spectrosc. 2010, 64 (6), 571. M. Musa, A. Croce, M. Allegrina, C. Rinaudo, E. Belluso, D. Bellis, et al. Vib. Spectrosc. 2012, 61, 66.

  10. Infiltração de água no solo em um latossolo vermelho da região sudoeste dos cerrados com diferentes sistemas de uso e manejo Water infiltration into an oxisol in the south-west cerrado region under different use and management systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Maior Bono

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Na região do Cerrado, as atividades agrícolas têm provocado impactos negativos, principalmente, na qualidade do solo e da água. Tanto em sistemas de exploração agrícola ou de pecuária, com diferentes manejos, a degradação física do solo é uma das consequências da redução da produtividade. O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar a infiltração de água no solo sob influência de diferentes sistemas de manejo em um Latossolo Vermelho distrófico na região dos Cerrados. Os tratamentos foram os seguintes sistemas de manejo: a solo sob vegetação nativa; b solo com implantação de lavoura de soja durante um ano, seguido de três anos de pastagens; c solo com implantação de lavoura de soja durante quatro anos, seguidos por quatro anos de pastagem; d solo com lavoura de soja contínua em sistema de plantio direto; e e solo com pastagem continuamente. Foram avaliadas, no período de 1995 a 2002, a velocidade de infiltração básica (VIB e a infiltração de água acumulada no solo, utilizando o método de duplos anéis concêntricos. Os usos do solo com sistema de lavoura contínua, pecuária contínua e integração lavoura-pecuária tiveram a velocidade de infiltração básica e infiltração acumulada reduzidas em relação ao solo com vegetação nativa na região do Cerrado. Entre os sistemas estudados, o sistema de integração lavoura-pecuária foi o que apresentou valores mais próximos aos do solo sob vegetação nativa.In the Cerrado region, agricultural activities have caused negative impacts mainly on the soil and water quality. Both in crop and livestock systems, with different managements, the soil physical degradation has led to reduced productivity. The objective of this study was to investigate water infiltration into a Dystrophic Red Latosol of the Cerrado region under different managements. The treatments consisted of the management systems: a soil under native vegetation, b soil with soybean for one year

  11. Fast infrared spectroscopy in supercritical fluids

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sun, X.

    2000-05-01

    Chapter 1: Introduction. A brief introduction to supercritical fluids is given, illustrating why supercritical fluids are unique solvents and why there is a wide application of supercritical fluids in industry and laboratories. Potential ways for solvation in supercritical fluids to affect reactivity are briefly reviewed. A general introduction to the photochemistry of organometallic complexes is also given. Chapter 2: Time resolved vibrational spectroscopy. Time resolved resonance Raman is introduced and compared with Time-resolved infrared spectroscopy (TRIR). The different approaches of TRIR, including microsecond, nanosecond, and ultrafast (picosecond and femtosecond) systems are discussed. The advantages and disadvantages of these systems are also compared. The TRIR apparatus using an IR diode laser used for work in this thesis are described in detail. Experimental procedures for supercritical fluid TRIR experiments are described with emphasis on handling the IR cell for supercritical fluids and preparation of supercritical fluid solutions. Chapter 3: Photochemistry of group VIB hexacarbonyl compounds in supercritical noble gases and CO 2 solutions. A systematic TRIR study of the photolysis of M(CO) 6 in supercritical Ar, Kr, Xe, and CO 2 and the observation of M(CO) 5 L (M = Cr, Mo, and W; L = Ar (W only), Kr, Xe, and CO 2 ) is described. The second-order rate constants for the reaction of M(CO) 5 L with CO have been evaluated and the reactivity for each metal is Kr > Xe ∼ CO 2 . For M(CO) 5 Kr, M(CO) 5 Xe, or M(CO) 5 (CO 2 ), the reactivity is Cr ∼ Mo > W. In supercritical Kr doped with either Xe or CO 2 , the M(CO) 5 moiety interacts with Xe or CO 2 in preference to Kr. The effect of solvent density on the rate of the reaction of W(CO) 5 (CO 2 ) with CO has been investigated. The reaction of W(CO) 5 (CO 2 ) with CO in scCO 2 is predominantly a dissociative process. The activation energies for the reaction of W(CO) 5 Xe and W(CO) 5 (CO 2 ) with CO and

  12. Soil compaction and eucalyptus growth in response to forwarder traffic intensity and load Compactação do solo e crescimento de eucalipto influenciados pela intensidade de tráfego e carga de um forwarder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Ricardo da Silva

    2008-06-01

    tratamentos, nas camadas de 0-5 e 5-10 cm de profundidade, foram: densidade do solo e agregados estáveis em água. Determinou-se, ainda, a velocidade de infiltração básica (VIB pelo método do infiltrômetro de cilindro. Após 441 dias, estas mensurações foram realizadas novamente, sendo acrescidas de outras análises: COT, N total, N-NH4+, N-NO3-, porosidade e resistência à penetração. Nas plantas, foram mensurados altura, diâmetro à altura do peito e matéria seca de tronco. Verificou-se que o trânsito do forwarder aumentou a densidade, microporosidade e a resistência do solo à penetração e reduziu o diâmetro médio geométrico, a porosidade total, a macroporosidade e a infiltração de água no solo. Não houve efeito da compactação sobre a produção de matéria seca de tronco e altura das plantas. A maior parte dos efeitos da compactação foi manifestada por apenas duas passadas do forwarder. Os efeitos da compactação ainda permaneciam no solo após 441 dias do trânsito do forwarder.