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Sample records for arund risto tanner

  1. Risto-Pearu inglise vannituba / Lylian Meister

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meister, Lylian, 1966-

    2006-01-01

    Transpordiärimehe ja Tallinna Ülikooli ajalooüliõpilase Risto-Pearu Kooviti omaloodud vannituba ja tualettruum. Vann, kraanikauss ja tualettruumi sisustus on ostetud Inglismaalt. Kraanikaussi ja vanni külge kaunistab draakon. 5 värv. ill

  2. Tony Tanner. The American Mystery.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Chénetier

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Tony Tanner nous a quittés. Tony Tanner ne nous a pas quittés. Tony Tanner ne peut pas nous quitter. Parce qu’il est depuis peu décédé. Parce qu’il nous offre ces pages aujourd’hui. Parce qu’il faudra toujours se nourrir de ses grands livres et mesurer à leur aune propos et jugements sur la littérature américaine. 
Sans lui, naguère, qui eût osé s’aventurer dans les terres inexplorées de la fiction récente ? Pourtant, dans son splendide isolement, ce courageux maverick n’a jamais cédé à la te...

  3. Immunohistochemical analysis of brain lesions using S100B and glial fibrillary acidic protein antibodies in arundic acid- (ONO-2506) treated stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higashino, Hideaki; Niwa, Atsuko; Satou, Takao; Ohta, Yoshio; Hashimoto, Shigeo; Tabuchi, Masaki; Ooshima, Kana

    2009-10-01

    Stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) used as a model of essential hypertension cause a high incidence of brain stroke on the course of hypertension. Incidences and sizes of brain lesions are known to relate to the astrocyte activities. Therefore, relation between brain damage and the expression profile of the astrocytes was investigated with morphometric and immunohistochemical analyses using astrocyte marker antibodies of S100B and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) with or without arundic acid administration, a suppressor on the activation of astrocytes. Arundic acid extended the average life span of SHRSP. An increase in brain tissue weight was inhibited concomitant with a lower rate of gliosis/hemosiderin deposit/scarring in brain lesions. S100B- or GFAP-positive dot and filamentous structures were decreased in arundic acid-treated SHRSP, and this effect was most pronounced in the cerebral cortex, white matter, and pons, and less so in the hippocampus, diencephalon, midbrain, and cerebellum. Blood pressure decreased after administration of arundic acid in the high-dose group (100 mg/kg/day arundic acid), but not in the low-dose group (30 mg/kg/day). These data indicate that arundic acid can prevent hypertension-induced stroke, and may inhibit the enlargement of the stroke lesion by preventing the inflammatory changes caused by overproduction of the S100B protein in the astrocytes.

  4. On Decoding Irregular Tanner Codes

    CERN Document Server

    Even, Guy

    2011-01-01

    We present a new combinatorial characterization for local-optimality of a codeword in irregular Tanner codes. This characterization is a generalization of [Arora, Daskalakis, Steurer; 2009] and [Vontobel; 2010]. The main novelty in this characterization is that it is based on a conical combination of subtrees in the computation trees. These subtrees may have any degree in the local-code nodes and may have any height (even greater than the girth). We prove that local-optimality in this new characterization implies Maximum-Likelihood (ML) optimality and LP-optimality. We also show that it is possible to compute efficiently a certificate for the local-optimality of a codeword given the channel output. We apply this characterization to regular Tanner codes. We prove a lower bound on the noise threshold in channels such as BSC and AWGNC. When the noise is below this lower bound, the probability that LP decoding fails diminishes doubly exponentially in the girth of the Tanner graph. We use local optimality also to ...

  5. Neuroprotective effect of suppression of astrocytic activation by arundic acid on brain injuries in rats with acute subdural hematomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wajima, Daisuke; Nakagawa, Ichiro; Nakase, Hiroyuki; Yonezawa, Taiji

    2013-06-26

    Acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) can cause massive ischemic cerebral blood flow (CBF) underneath the hematoma, but early surgical evacuation of the mass reduces mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether arundic acid improves the secondary ischemic damage induced by ASDH. Our results confirmed that arundic acid decreases the expression of S100 protein produced by activated astrocytes around ischemic lesions due to cytotoxic edema after ASDH as well as reducing infarction volumes and numbers of apoptotic cells around the ischemic lesions. In this study, we also evaluate the relationship of brain edema and the expression of Aquaporin 4 (AQP4) in an ASDH model. The expression of AQP4 was decreased in the acute phase after ASDH. Cytotoxic edema, assumed to be the main cause of ASDH, could also cause ischemic lesions around the edema area. Arundic acid decreased the infarction volume and number of apoptotic cells via suppression of S100 protein expression in ischemic lesions without changing the expression of AQP4.

  6. Post-Tanner spreading of nematic droplets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mechkov, S; Oshanin, G [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique de la Matiere Condensee, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 5 (France); Cazabat, A M, E-mail: mechkov@lptmc.jussieu.f, E-mail: anne-marie.cazabat@lps.ens.f, E-mail: oshanin@lptmc.jussieu.f [Laboratoire de Physique Statistique, Ecole Normale Superieure, 75252 Paris Cedex 5 (France)

    2009-11-18

    The quasistationary spreading of a circular liquid drop on a solid substrate typically obeys the so-called Tanner law, with the instantaneous base radius R(t) growing with time as Rapproxt{sup 1/10}-an effect of the dominant role of capillary forces for a small-sized droplet. However, for droplets of nematic liquid crystals, a faster spreading law sets in at long times, so that Rapproxt{sup a}lpha with alpha significantly larger than the Tanner exponent 1/10. In the framework of the thin film model (or lubrication approximation), we describe this 'acceleration' as a transition to a qualitatively different spreading regime driven by a strong substrate-liquid interaction specific to nematics (antagonistic anchoring at the interfaces). The numerical solution of the thin film equation agrees well with the available experimental data for nematics, even though the non-Newtonian rheology has yet to be taken into account. Thus we complement the theory of spreading with a post-Tanner stage, noting that the spreading process can be expected to cross over from the usual capillarity-dominated stage to a regime where the whole reservoir becomes a diffusive film in the sense of Derjaguin.

  7. The human biology of Jim Tanner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, Noël

    2012-09-01

    In 1940, during his second year of medical training, Jim Tanner expressed the desire to work, 'where physiology, psychology and sociology meet'. His subsequent exposure to the breadth of an American medical education and to the social and economic environment of post-war Europe distilled his belief in the importance of viewing the human in a broad context. Following his visits to the American longitudinal growth studies in 1948. Jim's dreams of a broad scientific discipline that incorporated both the biology and ecology of the human were strengthened by an inspirational group of embryonic human biologists with whom he developed '… the new Human Biology …' from the '… Physical Anthropology of old…'. With Jo Weiner, Derek Roberts, Geoffrey Harrison, Arthur Mourant, Nigel Barnicot and Kenneth Oakley, Jim was to form the Society for the Study of Human Biology in 1958. The development of human biology over the next 50 years was shaped by the expertise and diversity of that group of visionary scientists who conceived the scientific discipline of 'human biology' in which biology, behaviour and social context define the human species.

  8. Optimal codes as Tanner codes with cyclic component codes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høholdt, Tom; Pinero, Fernando; Zeng, Peng

    2014-01-01

    In this article we study a class of graph codes with cyclic code component codes as affine variety codes. Within this class of Tanner codes we find some optimal binary codes. We use a particular subgraph of the point-line incidence plane of A(2,q) as the Tanner graph, and we are able to describe...... the codes succinctly using Gröbner bases....

  9. Conventional Tanner Graph for Recursive onvolutional Codes and Associated Decoding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Hong

    2001-01-01

    A different representation of recur-sive systematic convolutional (RSC) codes is pro-posed. This representation can be realized by a con-ventional Tanner graph. The graph becomes a treeby introducing hidden edge. It is shown that thesum-product algorithm applied to this graph modelis equivalent to the BCJR algorithm for turbo de-coding with lower computational complexity. Themessage-passing chain of the BCJR algorithm is pre-sented more exactly in the graph. In addition, theproposed representation of RSC codes provides an ef-ficient method to set up the trellis and the conven-tional Tanner graph for RSC codes provides directlythe architecture for decoding.

  10. Eesti elektrivarustuse võtit hoiab Vene energiakompanii / Tanel Mazur, Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mazur, Tanel, 1971-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Narva Postiljon 16. apr., lk. 2, Narvskaja Gazeta 16. apr. lk. 6. Eesti Päevalehes ilm. art. autor ka Risto Berendson. Venemaa firma Lenenergo kontrollib Narva elektrijaamade jahutussüsteemi, kuna hüdroelektrijaama tammist asub Eesti territooriumil vaid pool ja ülejäänu koos tehnorajatistega Venemaal Ivangorodis. Kaart: Narva veehoidla. Lisad: Hüdroelekter; Kasutamata ressurss

  11. MS Noriega and Tanner check out STS-97 payload

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    In the Space Station Processing Facility, STS-97 Mission Specialists Carlos Noriega (left) and Joe Tanner check out the mission payload, the P6 integrated truss segment. Mission STS-97 is the sixth construction flight to the International Space Station. The P6 comprises Solar Array Wing-3 and the Integrated Electronic Assembly, to be installed on the International Space Station. The Station's electrical power system will use eight photovoltaic solar arrays, each 112 feet long by 39 feet wide, to convert sunlight to electricity. The solar arrays are mounted on a '''blanket''' that can be folded like an accordion for delivery. Once in orbit, astronauts will deploy the blankets to their full size. Gimbals will be used to rotate the arrays so that they will face the Sun to provide maximum power to the Space Station. The mission includes two spacewalks by Noriega and Tanner to complete the solar array connections. STS-97 is scheduled to launch Nov. 30 at about 10:06 p.m. EST.

  12. Naabermandrile elukooli : Fulbrighter - tulevane riigipea, insener, maailmarändur või kohtunik / Ennika-Anneli Võrk ; kommenteerinud Risto Agur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Võrk, Ennika-Anneli

    2007-01-01

    Fulbrighti programmi raames Eestis uurimistööd tegevatest USA tudengitest - Valerie Bischoffist ja Pavel Nikulinist, nende töödest ja Eesti muljetest. Fulbrighti programmist. Sisaldab Fulbrighti stipendiaadi, juura magistrandi Risto Aguri kommentaari

  13. Eesti muinasjutud jõuavad laia maailma. Aga meile? / Piret Päär, Veronika Kivisilla, Risto Järv ; interv. Jürgen Rooste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Päär, Piret

    2005-01-01

    Raamatust "Estonian folktales. The heavenly wedding" (Varrak, 2005, koostajad Piret Päär ja Anne Türnpu, tõlkijad Heili Einasto, Lembi Loigu, Veronika Kivisilla, Risto Järv). Lühidalt ka Kadri Roosi illustratsioonidest

  14. Eesti muinasjutud jõuavad laia maailma. Aga meile? / Piret Päär, Veronika Kivisilla, Risto Järv ; interv. Jürgen Rooste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Päär, Piret

    2005-01-01

    Raamatust "Estonian folktales. The heavenly wedding" (Varrak, 2005, koostajad Piret Päär ja Anne Türnpu, tõlkijad Heili Einasto, Lembi Loigu, Veronika Kivisilla, Risto Järv). Lühidalt ka Kadri Roosi illustratsioonidest

  15. AFSC/RACE/SAP/Munk: Life history studies of Tanner crab, Chionoecetes bairdi, near Kodiak, Alaska.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — From 1994 through 2012 Tanner crab were identified as premolt, held through a molt, and then measured to determine growth per molt.

  16. AFSC/RACE/SAP/Foy: Effects of ocean acidification on larval Tanner crab: Kodiak Island, Alaska.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To study the effects of ocean acidification we examined the effects of ocean acidification on the larval stages of the economically important southern Tanner crab,...

  17. AFSC/RACE/SAP/Jensen: Bitter crab disease mortality in SE Alaska Tanner crab

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These are data from a laboratory experiment in which wild caught male Tanner crab (Chionoecetes bairdi) from Stephens Passage, SE Alaska were held to evaluate crab...

  18. Mental health problems during puberty: Tanner stage-related differences in specific symptoms. The TRAILS study

    OpenAIRE

    Albertine J Oldehinkel; Verhulst, Frank C.; Ormel, Johan

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate associations between specific mental health problems and pubertal stage in (pre)adolescents participating in the Dutch prospective cohort study TRAILS (first assessment: N = 2230, age 11.09 +/- 0.56, 50.8% girls; second assessment: N = 2149, age 13.56 +/- 0.53, 51.0% girls). Mental health was assessed by the Youth Self-Report, pubertal (Tanner) stage by parent-rated drawings of secondary sex characteristics. Overall, higher Tanner stages were related t...

  19. Ärimees Armin Karult raha nõudnud "rullnokad" toimetasid politsei nina all / Rasmus Kagge, Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kagge, Rasmus, 1977-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 17. jaan. 2008, lk. 2-3. Raplamaa noorukeid Ardot ja Viljarit kahtlustatakse kasiinoärimehe Armin Karu tütre Inese pantvangi võtmise kava sepistamises, nad lootsid Olympic Casino keti suuromanikult saada 235 miljonit krooni lunaraha. Politsei tööst kuriteo avastamisel ja nurjamisel. Lisa: Inimröövid. Vt. samas: Armin Karu: kahju, et selliseid tegelasi leidub. Ilmunud ka: samal teemal:Risto Berendsoni art. 18. jaan. Postimees lk. 6; 19. jaan. Postimees ja Postimees : na russkom jazõke lk. 5 ja lk. 3

  20. Second-degree burns caused by exposure to sunbed with displaced filter in the facial tanner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faurschou, Annesofie; Heydenreich, Jakob; Wulf, Hans Christian

    2013-01-01

    Sunbed exposure frequently leads to erythema of the skin but second-degree burns are unusual. We report two patients who experienced second-degree burns due to partial displacement of the filter in the facial tanner of a sunbed. This is a severe fault and calls for increased safety regulations....

  1. Post-Tanner stages of droplet spreading: the energy balance approach revisited

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mechkov, S; Oshanin, G [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique de la Matiere Condensee, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 5 (France); Cazabat, A M, E-mail: mechkov@lptmc.jussieu.f, E-mail: anne-marie.cazabat@lps.ens.f, E-mail: oshanin@lptmc.jussieu.f [Laboratoire de Physique Statistique, Ecole Normale Superieure, 75252 Paris Cedex 5 (France)

    2009-11-18

    The spreading of a circular liquid drop on a solid substrate can be described in terms of the time evolution of its base radius R(t). In complete wetting, the quasistationary regime (far away from initial and final transients) typically obeys the so-called Tanner law, with Rapproxt{sup alpha}{sub T}, alpha{sub T} = 1/10. Late-time spreading may differ significantly from the Tanner law: in some cases the drop does not thin down to a molecular film and instead reaches an equilibrium pancake-like shape; in other situations, as revealed by recent experiments with spontaneously spreading nematic crystals, the growth of the base radius accelerates after the Tanner stage. Here we demonstrate that these two seemingly conflicting trends can be reconciled within a suitably revisited energy balance approach, by taking into account the line tension contribution to the driving force of spreading: a positive line tension is responsible for the formation of pancake-like structures, whereas a negative line tension tends to lengthen the contact line and induces an accelerated spreading (a transition to a faster power law for R(t) than in the Tanner stage).

  2. Post-Tanner stages of droplet spreading: the energy balance approach revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mechkov, S; Cazabat, A M; Oshanin, G

    2009-11-18

    The spreading of a circular liquid drop on a solid substrate can be described in terms of the time evolution of its base radius R(t). In complete wetting, the quasistationary regime (far away from initial and final transients) typically obeys the so-called Tanner law, with R∼t(α(T)), α(T) = 1/10. Late-time spreading may differ significantly from the Tanner law: in some cases the drop does not thin down to a molecular film and instead reaches an equilibrium pancake-like shape; in other situations, as revealed by recent experiments with spontaneously spreading nematic crystals, the growth of the base radius accelerates after the Tanner stage. Here we demonstrate that these two seemingly conflicting trends can be reconciled within a suitably revisited energy balance approach, by taking into account the line tension contribution to the driving force of spreading: a positive line tension is responsible for the formation of pancake-like structures, whereas a negative line tension tends to lengthen the contact line and induces an accelerated spreading (a transition to a faster power law for R(t) than in the Tanner stage).

  3. Spatial patterns and movements of red king and Tanner crabs: Implications for the design of marine protected areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taggart, S.J.; Mondragon, J.; Andrews, A.G.; Nielsen, J.K.

    2008-01-01

    Most examples of positive population responses to marine protected areas (MPAs) have been documented for tropical reef species with very small home ranges; the utility of MPAs for commercially harvested temperate species that have large movement patterns remains poorly tested. We measured the distribution and abundance of red king Paralithodes camtschaticus and Tanner Chionoecetes bairdi crabs inside and outside of MPAs in Glacier Bay National Park, Alaska, USA. By tagging a sub-sample of crabs with sonic tags, we estimated the movement of adult crabs from one of the MPAs (Muir Inlet) into the central portion of Glacier Bay where fishing still occurs. Tanner crabs and red king crabs moved similar average distances per day, although Tanner crabs had a higher transfer out of the Muir Inlet MPA into the central bay. Tanner crab movements were characterized by large variation among individual crabs, both in distance and direction traveled, while red king crabs migrated seasonally between 2 specific areas. Although Tanner crabs exhibited relatively large movements, distribution and abundance data suggest that they may be restricted at large spatial scales by habitat barriers. MPAs that are effective at protecting king and especially Tanner crab brood stock from fishing mortality will likely need to be larger than is typical of MPAs worldwide. However, by incorporating information on the seasonal movements of red king crabs and the location of habitat barriers for Tanner crabs, MPAs could likely be designed that would effectively protect adults from fishing mortality. ?? Inter-Research 2008.

  4. AFSC/RACE/SAP/Foy: Effects of ocean acidification on embryo stages of Tanner crab: Kodiak Island, Alaska.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To study the effects of ocean acidification we examined the effects of ocean acidification on the embryo stages of the economically important southern Tanner crab,...

  5. Spatial distribution of juvenile and adult female Tanner crabs (Chionoecetes bairdi) in a glacial fjord ecosystem: Implications for recruitment processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, J.K.; Taggart, S.J.; Shirley, T.C.; Mondragon, J.

    2007-01-01

    A systematic pot survey in Glacier Bay, Alaska, was conducted to characterize the spatial distribution of juvenile and adult female Tanner crabs, and their association with depth and temperature. The information was used to infer important recruitment processes for Tanner crabs in glaciated ecosystems. High-catch areas for juvenile and adult female Tanner crabs were identified using local autocorrelation statistics. Spatial segregation by size class corresponded to features in the glacial landscape: high-catch areas for juveniles were located at the distal ends of two narrow glacial fjords, and high-catch areas for adults were located in the open waters of the central Bay. Juvenile female Tanner crabs were found at nearly all sampled depths (15-439 m) and temperatures (4-8??C), but the biggest catches were at depths crabs. ?? 2007 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. Published by Oxford Journals. All rights reserved.

  6. Ocean Acidification Affects Hemocyte Physiology in the Tanner Crab (Chionoecetes bairdi)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meseck, Shannon L.; Alix, Jennifer H.; Swiney, Katherine M.; Long, W. Christopher; Wikfors, Gary H.; Foy, Robert J.

    2016-01-01

    We used flow cytometry to determine if there would be a difference in hematology, selected immune functions, and hemocyte pH (pHi), under two different, future ocean acidification scenarios (pH = 7.50, 7.80) compared to current conditions (pH = 8.09) for Chionoecetes bairdi, Tanner crab. Hemocytes were analyzed after adult Tanner crabs were held for two years under continuous exposure to acidified ocean water. Total counts of hemocytes did not vary among control and experimental treatments; however, there were significantly greater number of dead, circulating hemocytes in crabs held at the lowest pH treatment. Phagocytosis of fluorescent microbeads by hemocytes was greatest at the lowest pH treatment. These results suggest that hemocytes were dying, likely by apoptosis, at a rate faster than upregulated phagocytosis was able to remove moribund cells from circulation at the lowest pH. Crab hemolymph pH (pHe) averaged 8.09 and did not vary among pH treatments. There was no significant difference in internal pH (pHi) within hyalinocytes among pH treatments and the mean pHi (7.26) was lower than the mean pHe. In contrast, there were significant differences among treatments in pHi of the semi-granular+granular cells. Control crabs had the highest mean semi-granular+granular pHi compared to the lowest pH treatment. As physiological hemocyte functions changed from ambient conditions, interactions with the number of eggs in the second clutch, percentage of viable eggs, and calcium concentration in the adult crab shell was observed. This suggested that the energetic costs of responding to ocean acidification and maintaining defense mechanisms in Tanner crab may divert energy from other physiological processes, such as reproduction. PMID:26859148

  7. Eliminating Trapping Sets in Low-Density Parity Check Codes by using Tanner Graph Covers

    CERN Document Server

    Vasic, Milos Ivkovic Shashi Kiran Chilappagari Bane

    2008-01-01

    We discuss error floor asympotics and present a method for improving the performance of low-density parity check (LDPC) codes in the high SNR (error floor) region. The method is based on Tanner graph covers that do not have trapping sets from the original code. The advantages of the method are that it is universal, as it can be applied to any LDPC code/channel/decoding algorithm and it improves performance at the expense of increasing the code length, without losing the code regularity, without changing the decoding algorithm, and, under certain conditions, without lowering the code rate. The proposed method can be modified to construct convolutional LDPC codes also. The method is illustrated by modifying Tanner, MacKay and Margulis codes to improve performance on the binary symmetric channel (BSC) under the Gallager B decoding algorithm. Decoding results on AWGN channel are also presented to illustrate that optimizing codes for one channel/decoding algorithm can lead to performance improvement on other chann...

  8. Skeletal age estimation in a contemporary Western Australian population using the Tanner-Whitehouse method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maggio, Ariane; Flavel, Ambika; Hart, Rob; Franklin, Daniel

    2016-06-01

    Various age estimation techniques have been utilised in Australia to evaluate the age of individuals who do not have documentation to determine legal majority/culpability. These age estimation techniques rely on the assessment of skeletal development as visualised in radiographs, CT scans, MRI or ultrasound modalities, and subsequent comparison to reference standards. These standards are not always population specific and are thus known to be less accurate when applied outside of the original reference sample, leading to potential ethical implications. Therefore, the present study aims to: (i) explore the variation in developmental trajectories between the established Tanner-Whitehouse (TW) age estimation standards and a Western Australian population; and (ii) develop specific hand-wrist age estimation standards for the latter population. The present study examines digital anterior-posterior hand-wrist radiographs of 360 individuals 0 to 24.9 years of age, equally represented by sex. Each radiograph was assessed using the RUS, Carpal and 20-bone methods of Tanner et al. The standard error of the estimate (SEE) was calculated for each method (range: ♀ SEE ±0.4-11.5 years; ♂ SEE ±0.9-10.1 years). The most accurate method was TW3 RUS for females and the TW2 Carpal system for males. The 50th centile skeletal maturity scores for each year age group were plotted against average chronological age to produce polynomial regression standards with a demonstrated accuracy of (♀ SEE ±0.09-3.46 years; ♂ SEE ±0.02-3.42 years) for females and males, respectively. The standards presented here can be used in future forensic investigations that require age estimation of hand-wrist bones in a Western Australian population, however, they are not appropriate for establishing age of majority (18 years), as skeletal maturity was attained on average earlier than 15 years of age in both sexes for all three systems examined. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights

  9. Tähed disainiöös / Mait Summatavet, Risto Räägel, Per Mollerup...[jt.] ; interv. Karin Paulus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Disainiöö raames avati Arhitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis näitus "Kokkupandavad asjad" ning kuulutati välja konkursi võitjad. Peapreemia võitis läti disaineri Elina Bushmane kokkupandav teelaud, teise koha Jaana Päeva tekstiilist kott, kolmanda koha Ingrem Floreni käekott. Ära märgiti Veiko Liisi kilepiima vutlar. Disainiöö üritustest ning konkursitöödest räägivad Mait Summatavet, Per Mollerup, Simo Heikkilä, Risto Räägel

  10. Tähed disainiöös / Mait Summatavet, Risto Räägel, Per Mollerup...[jt.] ; interv. Karin Paulus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Disainiöö raames avati Arhitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis näitus "Kokkupandavad asjad" ning kuulutati välja konkursi võitjad. Peapreemia võitis läti disaineri Elina Bushmane kokkupandav teelaud, teise koha Jaana Päeva tekstiilist kott, kolmanda koha Ingrem Floreni käekott. Ära märgiti Veiko Liisi kilepiima vutlar. Disainiöö üritustest ning konkursitöödest räägivad Mait Summatavet, Per Mollerup, Simo Heikkilä, Risto Räägel

  11. Peristaltic Flow of Phan-Thien-Tanner Fluid in an Asymmetric Channel with Porous Medium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuppalapalle Vajravelu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with peristaltic transport of Phan-Thien-Tanner fluid in an asymmetric channel induced by sinusoidal peristaltic waves traveling down the flexible walls of the channel. The flow is investigated in a wave frame of reference moving with the velocity of the waveby using the long wavelength and low Reynolds number approximations.The nonlinear governing equations are solved employing a perturbation method by choosing as the perturbation parameter. The expressions for velocity, stream function and pressure gradient are obtained. The features of the flow characteristics are analyzed through graphs and the obtained results are discussed in detail. It is noticed that the peristaltic pumping gets reduced due to an increase in the phase difference of the traveling waves. It is also observed that the size of the trapping bolus is a decreasing function of the permeability parameter and the Weissenberg number. Furthermore, the results obtained for the flow characteristics reveal many interesting behaviors that warrant further study on the non-Newtonian fluid phenomena, especially the Peristaltic flow phenomena.

  12. Stability and Hopf Bifurcation in a Modified Holling-Tanner Predator-Prey System with Multiple Delays

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zizhen Zhang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A modified Holling-Tanner predator-prey system with multiple delays is investigated. By analyzing the associated characteristic equation, the local stability and the existence of periodic solutions via Hopf bifurcation with respect to both delays are established. Direction and stability of the periodic solutions are obtained by using normal form and center manifold theory. Finally, numerical simulations are carried out to substantiate the analytical results.

  13. AFSC/RACE/SAP/Long: Data from: Effects of Ocean Acidification on Juvenile Red King Crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) and Tanner Crab (Chionoecetes bairdi) Growth, Condition, Calcification, and Survival

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is the results of a laboratory experiment. Juvenile red king crab and Tanner crab were reared in individual containers for nearly 200 days in flowing...

  14. AFSC/RACE/SAP/Foy: The effects of ocean acidification on ovigerous Tanner crab size, calcium, and magnesium content. : Kodiak Island, Alaska.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To study the effects of ocean acidification we conducted laboratory experiments with adult ovigerous females of the economically important southern Tanner crab,...

  15. AFSC/RACE/FBEP/Ryer: Depth distribution, habitat associations, and differential growth of newly settled southern Tanner crab (Chionoecetes bairdi) in embayments around Kodiak Island, Alaska

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This dataset is from field surveys that examined depth distribution, habitat association, and growth of newly settled Tanner crab at 4 sites around the eastern end...

  16. Maturity and activity-related differences in bone mineral density: Tanner I vs. II and gymnasts vs. non-gymnasts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowthwaite, Jodi N; DiStefano, James G; Ploutz-Snyder, Robert J; Kanaley, Jill A; Scerpella, Tamara A

    2006-10-01

    This study tests the hypotheses that (1) Tanner I and Tanner II girls comprise distinct maturational cohorts, exhibiting BMD differences that are not explained by age and body size alone; and (2) within these distinct maturational cohorts, BMD is higher in gymnasts than non-gymnasts, independent of age and body size. Premenarcheal artistic gymnasts (n=28) and non-gymnasts (n=28) were evaluated. Fan-beam DXA measured areal BMD (aBMD) at the forearm, femoral neck, and lumbar spine; fat free mass (FFM) was derived from whole-body scans. Height, weight, physical activity and calcium intake were assessed. Group means were compared using ANOVA; ANCOVA was used to adjust for age, height and FFM. For all 3 sites and both maturity levels, gymnasts had higher aBMD than non-gymnasts, independent of age and body size (7.2-20.8%, pactivity is evident at all three sites. Trends in Tanner group differences in aBMD were specific to gymnast and non-gymnast activity groups and therefore were not generalizable to all subjects. Overall, aBMD correlations and ANCOVA results differ by activity group, maturity level and site. These results highlight the need to consider both maturity and activity status in studies assessing bone accrual.

  17. A comparison of three infant skinfold reference standards: Tanner-Whitehouse, Cambridge Infant Growth Study, and WHO Child Growth Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Elizabeth M

    2015-10-01

    As researchers increasingly focus on early infancy as a critical period of development, there is a greater need for methodological tools that can address all aspects of infant growth. Infant skinfold measures, in particular, are measurements in need of reliable reference standards that encompass all ages of infants and provide an accurate assessment of the relative fatness of a population. This report evaluates three published reference standards for infant skinfold measurements: Tanner-Whitehouse, Cambridge Infant Growth Study, and the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards. To assess these standards, triceps skinfolds from a population of rural Kenyan infants (n = 250) and triceps skinfolds and subscapular skinfolds from infants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002 (NHANES; n = 1197) were calculated as z-scores from the lambda-mu-sigma curves provided by each reference population. The Tanner-Whitehouse standards represented both the Kenyan and US populations as lean, while the Cambridge standards represented both populations as overfat. The distribution of z-scores based on the WHO standards fell in the middle, but excluded infants from both populations who were below the age of 3 months. Based on these results, the WHO reference standard is the best skinfold reference standard for infants over the age of 3 months. For populations with infants of all ages, the Tanner-Whitehouse standards are recommended, despite representing both study populations as underfat. Ideally, the WHO will extend their reference standard to include infants between the ages of 0 and 3 months.

  18. SQL by Example. 2. PHP and MySQL Web Application based on Tanner-Whitehouse Standard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sorana Daniela BOLBOACĂ

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available In pediatrics, skeletal maturity, also called “bone age”, an expression of biological maturity of a child, is an important quantitative measure for the clinical diagnosis of endocrinological problems and growth disorders. Bone age is also used in monitoring children with hormone therapy. Skeletal maturity may be assessed by analysis of the ossification centers of the hand, foot, knee, elbow or pelvis but most often used is the hand. Skeletal maturity diagnosis is usually based on a visual comparison of a left-hand wrist radiograph with atlas patterns and the most common method used is the Tanner-Whitehouse method. With the help of PHP and MySQL a computer-assisted software we developed, based on Tanner-Whitehouse method, for bone age assessment of children and young people. The program is a client-server one and all data are saved into a database server. The program (1 display control radiographies, schematic drawings and specifications for every stage of hand bones until maturity stage, (2 allow user to select a maturity stage for every bone, (3 save and query personal data of patients, (4 save and query consultations and (5 make consultation reports. URL address: http://vl.academicdirect.ro/medical_informatics/bone_age/v1.2/

  19. Eesti vabadusimpeeriumis / Risto Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Risto

    2003-01-01

    USA pretsedenditu ülemvõim ja Bushi administratsiooni üha jõulisem, teiste riikide huve ja rahvusvahelise õiguse norme eirav välispoliitika lubab väita, et USA on loomas üleilmse ulatusega impeeriumi, tõdeb autor

  20. Short-term secular change in height, body mass and Tanner-Whitehouse 3 skeletal maturity of Madeira youth, Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freitas, Duarte; Malina, Robert M; Maia, José; Lefevre, Johan; Stasinopoulos, Mikis; Gouveia, Élvio; Claessens, Albrecht; Thomis, Martine; Lausen, Berthold

    2012-05-01

    Secular trends in height and weight are reasonably well documented in Europe. Corresponding observations for skeletal maturation are lacking. To assess secular trends in height, body mass and skeletal maturity of Portuguese children and adolescents and to provide updated reference values for skeletal maturity scores (SMSs). Data for 2856 children and adolescents of 4-17 years, 1412 boys and 1444 girls, from The 'Madeira Growth Study' (MGS; 1996-1998) and from the'Healthy Growth of Madeira Children Study' (CRES; 2006) were used. Height and body mass were measured. Skeletal maturity was assessed with the Tanner-Whitehouse 2 and 3 methods. Children from CRES were taller and heavier than peers from MGS. Differences in height reached 5.8 cm in boys and 5.5 cm in girls. RUS SMSs did not differ consistently between surveys boys, while higher RUS scores were observed in CRES girls. Adult RUS SMSs for MGS and CRES combined were attained at 15.8 years in boys and 14.8 years in girls. Corresponding ages for adult Carpal SMSs were 14.4 and 14.0, respectively. The short-term trends for height and mass were not entirely consistent with the trends in RUS and Carpal SMSs and SAs.

  1. Evolution of skin grafting for treatment of burns: Reverdin pinch grafting to Tanner mesh grafting and beyond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Mansher; Nuutila, Kristo; Collins, K C; Huang, Anne

    2017-09-01

    Skin grafting is the current standard care in the treatment of full thickness burns. It was first described around 1500 BC but the vast majority of advancements have been achieved over the past 200 years. An extensive literature review was conducted on Pubmed, Medline and Google Scholar researching the evolution of skin grafting techniques. The authors concentrated on the major landmarks of skin grafting and also provide an overview of ongoing research efforts in this field. The major innovations of skin grafting include Reverdin pinch grafting, Ollier grafting, Thiersch grafting, Wolfe grafting, Padgett dermatome and modifications, Meek-wall microdermatome and Tanner mesh grafting. A brief description of the usage, advantages and limitations of each technique is included in the manuscript. Skin grafting technique have evolved significantly over past 200 years from Reverdin pinch grafting to modern day meshed skin grafts using powered dermatome. Increasing the expansion ratio and improving the cosmetic and functional outcome are the main focus of ongoing skin grafting research and emerging techniques (such as Integra(®), Recell(®), Xpansion(®)) are showing promise. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.

  2. Moral e direito nas "Tanner Lectures" de Habermas: um modelo processual de moralização do direito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delamar Volpato Dutra

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2011v10n3p13Pode-se defender que o positivismo se caracteriza, principalmente, pela tese da separação entre direito e moral. Com tal tese, o direito passa a ser explicado seja de forma completamente independente de qualquer teoria moral seja, em sua quintessência, por algum tipo de positivismo moral, como aquele defendido por Kelsen. Habermas, um dos críticos do positivismo, restabelece a conexão entre direito e moral, operando desse modo o que se poderia chamar de moralização ou remoralização do direito. Pretende-se apresentar, neste estudo, o modelo das Tanner Lectures [1986]. Neste texto, Habermas defende uma relação de subordinação do direito à moral; não obstante, uma subordinação processual, e não de conteúdos.

  3. Bender Visual-Motor Gestalt Test in adolescents: relationship between visual-motor development and the Tanner Stages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keppeke, Lívia de Freitas; Cintra, Isa de Pádua; Schoen, Teresa Helena

    2013-08-01

    Visual-motor skill is fundamental to human development and is an important component of psychological evaluations. The goal of the present study was to determine whether there is a correlation between visual-motor development, as measured by the Bender Visual-Motor Gestalt Test (Bender test), and sexual maturity in adolescents, based on the Tanner Stages in Adolescents. 134 adolescents from 10 to 15 years of age participated in the study. The Bender test and the Raven's Progressive Matrices Test were employed. The measures were administered individually and information on sexual maturity and the presence of developmental disorders was collected from medical charts. The results of the Bender test were not affected by gender, age, schooling, or changes stemming from puberty, but were significantly affected by having repeated a school year and by developmental disorders. An association was found with Raven's scores. The Bender test proved sensitive to developmental disorders in adolescence. No association was found between visual-motor development and sexual maturity in adolescents.

  4. Physical profile data from CTD casts from the RV Medeia in the coastal waters of Southeast Alaska in support of the SE Alaska Shrimp and Tanner Surveys from 06 September 2010 to 21 October 2010 (NODC Accession 0069122)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Alaska Department of Fish and Game conducts annual shellfish surveys that include Red King Crab, Tanner Crab, and Shrimp which is used to manage the personal...

  5. Comparison of observed rheological properties of hard wheat flour dough with predictions of the Giesekus-Leonov, White-Metzner and Phan-Thien Tanner models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhanasekharan, M.; Huang, H.; Kokini, J. L.; Janes, H. W. (Principal Investigator)

    1999-01-01

    The measured rheological behavior of hard wheat flour dough was predicted using three nonlinear differential viscoelastic models. The Phan-Thien Tanner model gave good zero shear viscosity prediction, but overpredicted the shear viscosity at higher shear rates and the transient and extensional properties. The Giesekus-Leonov model gave similar predictions to the Phan-Thien Tanner model, but the extensional viscosity prediction showed extension thickening. Using high values of the mobility factor, extension thinning behavior was observed but the predictions were not satisfactory. The White-Metzner model gave good predictions of the steady shear viscosity and the first normal stress coefficient but it was unable to predict the uniaxial extensional viscosity as it exhibited asymptotic behavior in the tested extensional rates. It also predicted the transient shear properties with moderate accuracy in the transient phase, but very well at higher times, compared to the Phan-Thien Tanner model and the Giesekus-Leonov model. None of the models predicted all observed data consistently well. Overall the White-Metzner model appeared to make the best predictions of all the observed data.

  6. Raamatututvustus / Oskar Tanner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tanner, Oskar, pseud., 1939-

    1996-01-01

    Eliade, Mircea. Jaaniöö; Kippel, Enn. Kui Raudpea tuli; Beecher Stowe, Harriet. Onu Tomi onnike; Wallace, Edgar. Valge mask; Buchan, John. Kolm pantvangi; Rendell, Ruth. Hunditapp; Jurin, Artur. Näpsu

  7. Muusika / Kaie Tanner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tanner, Kaie

    2004-01-01

    Kitarrimuusika päevad "Fiesta de la guitarra". Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli Kammerkoor ja Eesti Koolinoorte Segakoor edukad Veldhovenis toimunud VII rahvusvahelisel noortekooride konkursil. ETV tütarlastekoor edukas Tolosa 36. rahvusvahelisel koorikonkursil. Rahvusooperis kohtusid teatrihuvilised lavastaja Tiit Härmiga. Esmakordselt on Euroopa mainekates saalides kontsertreisil peadirigent Paavo Järvi koos Cincinnati Sümfooniaorkestriga. Eesti Teaduste Akadeemia Naiskoori tähtpäevakontserdil tuleb ettekandele Luis Bacalovi "Misa Tango". Oma debüüdi Jaapanis tegi pianistina Vardo Rumessen.

  8. Muusika / Kaie Tanner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tanner, Kaie

    2004-01-01

    Kitarrimuusika päevad "Fiesta de la guitarra". Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli Kammerkoor ja Eesti Koolinoorte Segakoor edukad Veldhovenis toimunud VII rahvusvahelisel noortekooride konkursil. ETV tütarlastekoor edukas Tolosa 36. rahvusvahelisel koorikonkursil. Rahvusooperis kohtusid teatrihuvilised lavastaja Tiit Härmiga. Esmakordselt on Euroopa mainekates saalides kontsertreisil peadirigent Paavo Järvi koos Cincinnati Sümfooniaorkestriga. Eesti Teaduste Akadeemia Naiskoori tähtpäevakontserdil tuleb ettekandele Luis Bacalovi "Misa Tango". Oma debüüdi Jaapanis tegi pianistina Vardo Rumessen.

  9. Raamatututvustus / Oskar Tanner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tanner, Oskar, pseud., 1939-

    1996-01-01

    Eliade, Mircea. Jaaniöö; Kippel, Enn. Kui Raudpea tuli; Beecher Stowe, Harriet. Onu Tomi onnike; Wallace, Edgar. Valge mask; Buchan, John. Kolm pantvangi; Rendell, Ruth. Hunditapp; Jurin, Artur. Näpsu

  10. Peristaltic Flow and Heat Transfer of a Conducting Phan-Thien-Tanner Fluid in an Asymmetric Channel - Application to Chyme Movement in Small Intestine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vajravelu, K.; Sreenadh, S.; Dhananjaya, S.; Lakshminarayana, P.

    2016-08-01

    In this paper, the influence of heat transfer on the peristaltic flow of a conducting Phan-Thien-Tanner fluid in an asymmetric channel with porous medium is studied. The coupled nonlinear governing differential equations are solved by a perturbation technique. The expressions for the temperature field, the stream function, the axial velocity, and the pressure gradient are obtained. The effects of the various physical parameters such as the magnetic parameter M, the permeability parameter σ, the Brinkman number Br and the Weissenberg number We on the pumping phenomenon are analyzed through graphs and the results are discussed in detail. It is observed that the velocity and the pressure are decreased with increasing the magnetic parameter M whereas the effect of the parameter M on the temperature field is quite the opposite.

  11. Effects of ocean acidification on juvenile red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) and Tanner crab (Chionoecetes bairdi) growth, condition, calcification, and survival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, William Christopher; Swiney, Katherine M; Harris, Caitlin; Page, Heather N; Foy, Robert J

    2013-01-01

    Ocean acidification, a decrease in the pH in marine waters associated with rising atmospheric CO2 levels, is a serious threat to marine ecosystems. In this paper, we determine the effects of long-term exposure to near-future levels of ocean acidification on the growth, condition, calcification, and survival of juvenile red king crabs, Paralithodes camtschaticus, and Tanner crabs, Chionoecetes bairdi. Juveniles were reared in individual containers for nearly 200 days in flowing control (pH 8.0), pH 7.8, and pH 7.5 seawater at ambient temperatures (range 4.4-11.9 °C). In both species, survival decreased with pH, with 100% mortality of red king crabs occurring after 95 days in pH 7.5 water. Though the morphology of neither species was affected by acidification, both species grew slower in acidified water. At the end of the experiment, calcium concentration was measured in each crab and the dry mass and condition index of each crab were determined. Ocean acidification did not affect the calcium content of red king crab but did decrease the condition index, while it had the opposite effect on Tanner crabs, decreasing calcium content but leaving the condition index unchanged. This suggests that red king crab may be able to maintain calcification rates, but at a high energetic cost. The decrease in survival and growth of each species is likely to have a serious negative effect on their populations in the absence of evolutionary adaptation or acclimatization over the coming decades.

  12. Effects of ocean acidification on juvenile red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus and Tanner crab (Chionoecetes bairdi growth, condition, calcification, and survival.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Christopher Long

    Full Text Available Ocean acidification, a decrease in the pH in marine waters associated with rising atmospheric CO2 levels, is a serious threat to marine ecosystems. In this paper, we determine the effects of long-term exposure to near-future levels of ocean acidification on the growth, condition, calcification, and survival of juvenile red king crabs, Paralithodes camtschaticus, and Tanner crabs, Chionoecetes bairdi. Juveniles were reared in individual containers for nearly 200 days in flowing control (pH 8.0, pH 7.8, and pH 7.5 seawater at ambient temperatures (range 4.4-11.9 °C. In both species, survival decreased with pH, with 100% mortality of red king crabs occurring after 95 days in pH 7.5 water. Though the morphology of neither species was affected by acidification, both species grew slower in acidified water. At the end of the experiment, calcium concentration was measured in each crab and the dry mass and condition index of each crab were determined. Ocean acidification did not affect the calcium content of red king crab but did decrease the condition index, while it had the opposite effect on Tanner crabs, decreasing calcium content but leaving the condition index unchanged. This suggests that red king crab may be able to maintain calcification rates, but at a high energetic cost. The decrease in survival and growth of each species is likely to have a serious negative effect on their populations in the absence of evolutionary adaptation or acclimatization over the coming decades.

  13. 一类扩散Holling-Tanner模型行波解的存在性%THE EXISTENCE OF TRAVELLING WAVE SOLUTIONS OF THE DIFFUSION HOLLING-TANNER MODEL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋松; 罗勇

    2012-01-01

    In ecology, the variation of population's density as time evolves and space changes can be described by nonlinear reaction diffusion equations. By considering the asymptotic behavior of the differential equation models, the survival or extinction of the species can be obtained. In the study of nonlinear reaction diffusion equations, it is convenient to study travelling wave solution for its simple form. And it provides some ways for the study of dynamic behavior of the partial differential equations. In this paper, we study qualitative analysis on the diffusion Holling-Tanner system, find the sufficient condition of system local asymptotic stability. By constructing a Liapunov function, we obtain the condition of local asymptotic stability for the diffusion Holling-Tanner system, and then get the sufficient condition for the existence of traveling wave solutions. At last, we give some examples of numerical simulation as well.%在生态学中,可以用非线性反应扩散方程来描述种群在时间上的变化和在空间中的分布及扩散情况.对于扩散的生物种群模型,通过研究模型中方程的渐近性态,可以知道该种群是持续生存还是趋向灭绝.在非线性反应扩散方程的研究中,行波解由于其形式简单,研究比较方便,为研究偏微分方程的动力学行为提供了一些途径.文章对一类添加扩散项的扩散Holling-Tanner系统进行了定性分析,得到了系统平衡点局部渐近稳定的充分条件.再通过构造Liapunov函数的方法,得到扩散Holling-Tanner系统平衡点全局渐近稳定的条件,以及该系统行波解存在的充分条件,并进行了数值模拟.

  14. Steady flow and heat transfer analysis of Phan-Thein-Tanner fluid in double-layer optical fiber coating analysis with Slip Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Zeeshan; Shah, Rehan Ali; Islam, Saeed; Jan, Bilal; Imran, Muhammad; Tahir, Farisa

    2016-10-01

    Modern optical fibers require double-layer coating on the glass fiber to provide protection from signal attenuation and mechanical damage. The most important plastic resins used in wires and optical fibers are plastic polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and low-high density polyethylene (LDPE/HDPE), nylon and Polysulfone. In this paper, double-layer optical fiber coating is performed using melt polymer satisfying PTT fluid model in a pressure type die using wet-on-wet coating process. The assumption of fully developed flow of Phan-Thien-Tanner (PTT) fluid model, two-layer liquid flows of an immiscible fluid is modeled in an annular die, where the fiber is dragged at a higher speed. The equations characterizing the flow and heat transfer phenomena are solved exactly and the effects of emerging parameters (Deborah and slip parameters, characteristic velocity, radii ratio and Brinkman numbers on the axial velocity, flow rate, thickness of coated fiber optics, and temperature distribution) are reported in graphs. It is shown that an increase in the non-Newtonian parameters increase the velocity in the absence or presence of slip parameters which coincides with related work. The comparison is done with experimental work by taking λ → 0 (non-Newtonian parameter).

  15. The relationship between circulating ecdysteroids and chela allometry in male tanner crabs: Evidence for a terminal molt in the genus Chionoecetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamone, S.L.; Taggart, S.J.; Andrews, A.G.; Mondragon, J.; Nielsen, J.K.

    2007-01-01

    Whether male Tanner crabs, Chionoecetes bairdi, undergo a terminal molt associated with a change in claw allometry has long been debated. We measured molting hormone levels in captured male C. bairdi to assess the potential for molting. We plotted a frequency histogram of chela height to carapace width ratios and found a bimodal distribution of crabs with a ratio of approximately 0.18 separating the two modes. Male crabs with a ratio less than 0.18 were classified as "small-clawed" (SC) while crabs with a ratio greater than 0.18 were classified as "large-clawed" (LC). Circulating molting hormones between SC and LC crabs were compared. Significantly lower ecdysteroid levels were found in LC crabs, indicating that this morphotype had negligible potential for molting. Circulating ecdysteroids were measured in SC males of different shell conditions (soft, new, old, and very old) and no significant differences were found. This research suggests that the molt to LC morphology is a terminal molt. The results from this study have important implications for fisheries management because sub-legal LC males will not recruit into the fishery and removal of larger males may have long term effects on population size structure.

  16. Steady flow and heat transfer analysis of Phan-Thein-Tanner fluid in double-layer optical fiber coating analysis with Slip Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Zeeshan; Shah, Rehan Ali; Islam, Saeed; Jan, Bilal; Imran, Muhammad; Tahir, Farisa

    2016-01-01

    Modern optical fibers require double-layer coating on the glass fiber to provide protection from signal attenuation and mechanical damage. The most important plastic resins used in wires and optical fibers are plastic polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and low-high density polyethylene (LDPE/HDPE), nylon and Polysulfone. In this paper, double-layer optical fiber coating is performed using melt polymer satisfying PTT fluid model in a pressure type die using wet-on-wet coating process. The assumption of fully developed flow of Phan-Thien-Tanner (PTT) fluid model, two-layer liquid flows of an immiscible fluid is modeled in an annular die, where the fiber is dragged at a higher speed. The equations characterizing the flow and heat transfer phenomena are solved exactly and the effects of emerging parameters (Deborah and slip parameters, characteristic velocity, radii ratio and Brinkman numbers on the axial velocity, flow rate, thickness of coated fiber optics, and temperature distribution) are reported in graphs. It is shown that an increase in the non-Newtonian parameters increase the velocity in the absence or presence of slip parameters which coincides with related work. The comparison is done with experimental work by taking λ → 0 (non-Newtonian parameter). PMID:27708412

  17. Variabilidad de la presión arterial en 24 horas en adolescentes obesas y no-obesas con desarrollo mamario 4 y 5 de los criterios de Tanner Blood pressure variability in 24 hours in obese and non-obese adolescents with breast development 4 and 5 of Tanner's criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. C. Bonilla Rosales

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Investigar el comportamiento de la presión arterial (PA mediante monitoreo ambulatorio de la presión arterial (MAPA en 24 h en un grupo de adolescentes obesas y no-obesas con estadios mamarios de Tanner 4 y 5. Métodos: Estudio transversal realizado en el Instituto de Investigación Cardiovascular en México, incluyendo 64 adolescentes entre 13 a 16 años de edad con estadios mamarios 4 o 5 de la clasificación de Tanner. Se midió PA en la oficina, frecuencia cardiaca (FC, índice de masa corporal (IMC, índice cintura-cadera, circunferencia de brazo, pliegues cutáneos tricipital, subescapular, abdominal y supraespinal. Se analizaron PA con MAPA en 24 h en obesas y no-obesas. Resultados: Cincuenta y nueve adolescentes, 29 obesas (IMC 31,2 ± 4,0 y 30 no-obesas (IMC 21,2 ± 2,2. Obesas vs no-obesas PAs en la oficina 116,9 vs 105,9 ± 9,3 mmHg (p Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the blood pressure variability during 24 h by using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM in a group of obese and non-obese female adolescents with breast development status 4 and 5 of Tanner´s criteria. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Cardiovascular Research Institute, Mexico. All subjects underwent 24 h non-invasive ABPM recording device. Pubertal status was determined by breast development. Measurements: office systolic blood pressure (SBP, diastolic blood pressure (DBP, and heart rate (HR. Height, weight, body mass index (BMI, waist and hip circumferences, arm circumference, waist to hip ratio (W/H, and skinfold thickness measurements: triceps, subscapular, abdominal and supraspinal. Results: Fifty-nine adolescents 13-16 years old; 29 obese (BMI 31.2 ± 4.0, and 30 non- obese (BMI 21.2 ± 2.2. Obese vs. non-obese: Office SBP 116.9 vs. 105.9 ± 9.3 mmHg (p < 0.001; ABPM in 24 h: SBP 113.8 ± 6.3 vs. 107.6 ± 5.7 mmHg (p < 0.001; diurnal SBP 117.3 mmHg vs. 111.2 mmHg (p < 0.001; nocturnal SBP 105.5 ± 8 vs. 99

  18. Muinasjutuline Setumaa / Risto Järv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Järv, Risto, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Ülevaade Setumaal 2004-2006 toimunud rahva- ja muinastjututeemalise ekspeditsiooni tulemustest. Tuuakse välja sarnasused ja erinevused endisaegse muinasjutuvestmise ning kaasaegse folkloori kogumise vahel

  19. Skatepargi arhitektuurilisi tagamaid avastamas / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2007-01-01

    Ameerika rulasõitjast ja disainerist Nate Wesselist, kes kujundas 2007. a. Tallinnas peetud Simpel Session'i skatepargi. Rulasõitja kasutab linna arhitektuurseid lahendusi, rulasõitjate lemmiklinnu Euroopas. Skatepargi kavandamisel disaineri koostööst rulasõitjatega, puidust rulaland'ist

  20. Männikusse kasvatatud Rannametsa / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2009-01-01

    Rannametsa elamukompleks (2 kortermaja, 4 ridaelamut, 3 eramut) Vääna-Jõesuus endise pioneerilaagri "Energia" alal. Arhitektid: Jüri Okas, Marika Lõoke, AB J. Okas & M. Lõoke. Ehitaja: AS YIT Ehitus. Projekt: 2005, valmis: 2007. Kompleks on valatud betoonist, mille juures on kasutatud puitlaudiseid ja alumiiniumviimistlust

  1. Quo vadis klaasvitriin spoilerelamu / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2009-01-01

    2008. a. valminud korterelamu Tallinnas Koidu 60-62 / Komeedi 14. Arhitektuur: Rein Murula Arhitektuuribüroo OÜ. Ehitaja: Rand & Tuulberg ja OÜ Dobrimir. Kortereid: 54. Arendusprojekt koosneb kahest erinevast elamuplokist, siduvaks jooneks on ühise tasandiga parkimiskorrus. Fassaadiviimistlusena on kasutatud tumedat tellist, rohelist valtsplekki ja rõdude juures klaasvitriine

  2. 21. sajandi linnavilla kvintessents / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2008-01-01

    Nihkes korrustega linnavilla Tartus Jõekaare elamurajoonis Siili t. 6. Arhitektid: Thomas Pucher, Alfred Bramberger (Atelier Thomas Pucher & Bramberger Architects). Loetletud 8 kaasautorit. Ehituse algus 2007

  3. Instrument või museaal? / Risto Lehiste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehiste, Risto

    2010-01-01

    Muuseumide ning ühiskonna suhtumisest vanadesse muusikainstrumentidesse. Seoses Eesti Teatri- ja Muusikamuuseumis 30. septembril 2010 toimunud seminariga "Instrument või museaal? Ajalooliste pillide restaureerimine ning kasutamine muuseumis"

  4. Muinasjutuline Setumaa / Risto Järv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Järv, Risto, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Ülevaade Setumaal 2004-2006 toimunud rahva- ja muinastjututeemalise ekspeditsiooni tulemustest. Tuuakse välja sarnasused ja erinevused endisaegse muinasjutuvestmise ning kaasaegse folkloori kogumise vahel

  5. Instrument või museaal? / Risto Lehiste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehiste, Risto

    2010-01-01

    Muuseumide ning ühiskonna suhtumisest vanadesse muusikainstrumentidesse. Seoses Eesti Teatri- ja Muusikamuuseumis 30. septembril 2010 toimunud seminariga "Instrument või museaal? Ajalooliste pillide restaureerimine ning kasutamine muuseumis"

  6. Quo vadis klaasvitriin spoilerelamu / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2009-01-01

    2008. a. valminud korterelamu Tallinnas Koidu 60-62 / Komeedi 14. Arhitektuur: Rein Murula Arhitektuuribüroo OÜ. Ehitaja: Rand & Tuulberg ja OÜ Dobrimir. Kortereid: 54. Arendusprojekt koosneb kahest erinevast elamuplokist, siduvaks jooneks on ühise tasandiga parkimiskorrus. Fassaadiviimistlusena on kasutatud tumedat tellist, rohelist valtsplekki ja rõdude juures klaasvitriine

  7. Skatepargi arhitektuurilisi tagamaid avastamas / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2007-01-01

    Ameerika rulasõitjast ja disainerist Nate Wesselist, kes kujundas 2007. a. Tallinnas peetud Simpel Session'i skatepargi. Rulasõitja kasutab linna arhitektuurseid lahendusi, rulasõitjate lemmiklinnu Euroopas. Skatepargi kavandamisel disaineri koostööst rulasõitjatega, puidust rulaland'ist

  8. 21. sajandi linnavilla kvintessents / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2008-01-01

    Nihkes korrustega linnavilla Tartus Jõekaare elamurajoonis Siili t. 6. Arhitektid: Thomas Pucher, Alfred Bramberger (Atelier Thomas Pucher & Bramberger Architects). Loetletud 8 kaasautorit. Ehituse algus 2007

  9. Männikusse kasvatatud Rannametsa / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2009-01-01

    Rannametsa elamukompleks (2 kortermaja, 4 ridaelamut, 3 eramut) Vääna-Jõesuus endise pioneerilaagri "Energia" alal. Arhitektid: Jüri Okas, Marika Lõoke, AB J. Okas & M. Lõoke. Ehitaja: AS YIT Ehitus. Projekt: 2005, valmis: 2007. Kompleks on valatud betoonist, mille juures on kasutatud puitlaudiseid ja alumiiniumviimistlust

  10. Numerical simulation of a viscoelastic flow through a concentric annular with BSD scheme, influence of the Deborah number; Simulacao numerica do escoamento laminar de fluido viscoelastico PTT (Phan-Thien-Tanner) em tubo anular concentrico - influencia do numero de Deborah

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D' Ambros, Alder C.; Vitorassi, Pedro H.; Franco, Admilson T.; Morales, Rigoberto E.M. [Universidade Tecnologica Federal do Parana (UTFPR), Curitiba, PR (Brazil); Matins, Andre Leibsohn [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Centro de Pesquisas (CENPES). Tecnologia de Engenharia de Perfuracao

    2008-07-01

    The success of oil well drilling process depends on the correct prediction of the velocities and stresses fields inside the gap between the drill string and the rock formation. Using CFD is possible to predict the behavior of the drilling fluid flow along the annular space, from the bottom to the top of the well. Commonly the drilling fluid is modeled as a Herschel-Bulkley fluid. An alternative is to employ a non-linear viscoelastic model, like the one developed by Phan-Thien-Tanner (PTT). In the present work the PTT constitutive equation is used to model the drilling fluid flow along the annular space. Thus, this work investigates the influence of the Deborah number on the laminar flow pattern through the numerical solution of the equations formed by the coupled velocity-pressure-stress fields. The results are analyzed and validated against the analytical solution for the fully developed annular pipe flow. The relation between the Deborah number (De) and the entry length is investigated, along with the influence of high values of Deborah number on the friction factor, stress and velocity fields. (author)

  11. Muusika ja sotsiaalsed muutused / Kaie Tanner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tanner, Kaie, 1975-

    2011-01-01

    26. septembrist 1. novembrini Tallinnas toimunud Rahvusvahelise Muusikanõukogu ülemaailmsel muusikafoorumil räägitust. EMTA prorektor Marje Lohuaru muljetest. Lühiintervjuu Euroopa Muusikanõukogu esimees Timo Klemettineniga

  12. Ideed ja inimesed 2009 / Kaie Tanner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tanner, Kaie, 1975-

    2010-01-01

    31. jaanuaril 2009 Estonia kontserdisaalis toimunud aastakontserdil üle antud koorimuusikapreemiatest, koorifestivalist "Tallinn 2009", Hollandis Utrechtis toimunud Euroopa Noortekooride Föderatsiooni Europa Cantat poolt korraldatavast samanimelisest festivalist, Vigalas toimunud muusika seminarlaagrist, Soomes Helsingis toimunud III rahvusvahelisest Harald Anderseni nimelisest kammerkooride konkursist ja üle-eestilisest noorte koorijuhtide konkursist

  13. Ideed ja inimesed 2009 / Kaie Tanner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tanner, Kaie, 1975-

    2010-01-01

    31. jaanuaril 2009 Estonia kontserdisaalis toimunud aastakontserdil üle antud koorimuusikapreemiatest, koorifestivalist "Tallinn 2009", Hollandis Utrechtis toimunud Euroopa Noortekooride Föderatsiooni Europa Cantat poolt korraldatavast samanimelisest festivalist, Vigalas toimunud muusika seminarlaagrist, Soomes Helsingis toimunud III rahvusvahelisest Harald Anderseni nimelisest kammerkooride konkursist ja üle-eestilisest noorte koorijuhtide konkursist

  14. Kuidas presidenti altkäemaksuskandaali kisti / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 12. veebr., lk. 3. Väidetavalt said mitu süüdimõistetut president Arnold Rüütli ametiaja lõpus presidendikantselei töötajatele antud altkäemaksu abil riigipealt armu. Kaitsepolitsei juhtumi suhtes kriminaalmenetlust ei algatanud. Vt. samas: Presidendi kantselei endine juht: see on absurd; Komisjon keeldub kunagisi armuandmisi põhjendamast

  15. Kuidas presidenti altkäemaksuskandaali kisti / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 12. veebr. 2008, lk. 3. Väidetavalt andis ekspresident Arnold Rüütel kurjategijatele armu altkäemaksu eest. Kaitsepolitsei kuriteo tõendamatuse tõttu kriminaalasja ei algatanud. Vt. samas: Presidendi kantselei endine juht: see on absurd; Komisjon keeldub kunagisi armuandmisi põhjendamast

  16. Kuidas presidenti altkäemaksuskandaali kisti / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    Kaitsepolitsei kontrollis vihjet, et president Arnold Rüütli ametiajal said neli vangi presidendi kantselei kaasabil armu, kui olid Rahvaliidule miljon krooni meelehead maksnud. Väidetava kuriteo tõendamatuse tõttu kriminaalasja ei algatatud. Vt. samas: Presidendi kantselei endine juht: see on absurd. Kommenteerib endine presidendi kantselei direktor Tarmo Mänd; Komisjon keeldub kunagisi armuandmisi põhjendamast. Armuandmiste komisjon, mida juhib presidendi kantselei õigusosakonna juhataja, keeldub oma otsuste põhjendatust argumenteerimast. Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 12. veebr. 2008, lk. 3

  17. Suvi nõuab seksimat meelelahutust / Risto Kukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kukk, Risto

    2004-01-01

    Prantsuse režissööride Frederic Lansac'i ja Francis Leroi koomilisest erootikafilmist "Pussy Talk : Le sexe qui parle" : Prantsusmaa 1975 ja briti režissööri Val Guest'i sexploitation komöödiast "Au Pair Girls" : Suurbritannia 1972

  18. Tartu uutest paralleelrajoonidest Emajõe kaldal / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2007-01-01

    Kvissentali ja Siili tänava uuselamurajoonidest Tartus. Siili t. 42 ja 44 eramutest, mille arhitektiks on Andres Kadarik (OÜ Tahukas). Tartu 2006. a. parimateks uuselamu projektideks tunnistatud kolmest majast Kvissentali rajoonis: eramust Tüürimehe t. 3 (Ain Padrik, AB Künnapu & Padrik OÜ), Kapteni t. 4 (Andres Kadarik, OÜ Tahukas) ja Pootsmani t. 14 (Uko Künnap, OÜ U-Disain). 12 värv. vaadet

  19. Trikimaastik - futuristliku eluviisi ja arhitektuuri eksperiment / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2011-01-01

    Veebruaris 2011 Saku Suurhallis toimunud Simpel Session'i arhitektuursete lahenduste eest vastutanud Nate Wesseli (USA) loomingust. Autori arvates võiks mõnes Tallinna pargis olla kaasaegne betoonist skulptuur, mis ei oleks vaid imetlemiseks

  20. Arvutikelm varastas kontodelt võõrast raha / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 7. juuni 2007, lk. 2. 2006. aasta novembris vahistatud arvutikonsultanti Ilja Kotkovi süüdistatakse 2,9 miljoni krooni varastamises Lääne-Euroopas resideerunud kodanike pangakontodelt. Lisa: Kelme ootab kokkuleppekaristus

  1. Supermodell Carmen Kass osaleb Eestis filmivõtetel / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2003-01-01

    Produtsent Kristian Taska uue mängufilmi "Täna öösel me ei maga" võtted algasid 28. juunil Tallinna vanalinnas. Lavastab Ilmar Taska, operaatoriks on Istvan Borbas, peaosades Carmen Kass, Peter Franzen, Maria Avdjushko, Priit Võigemast

  2. Narkomaan on kurjategija / Marilis Sepp, Risto Kasemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sepp, Marilis

    2004-01-01

    Narkomaania levikust, arengust ning narkootikumide tarbimise tagajärgedest Eestis. Rootsis Västra-Götlandi maakonnas läbiviidud projektist, mille käigus uuriti narkomaanide toimepandud kuritegusid ja ühiskonnale tekitatud kahjusid. Diagramm: Narkosüüteoga vahele jäänud isikute poolt toime pandud kuritegude osakaal

  3. Versija Hermana Simma : menja shantazhirovali / Risto Berendson, Rasmus Kagge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    Riigireetmises uurimise all viibiva Herman Simmi väidetel langes ta KGB šantaaži ohvriks. Vt. samas: Indrek Jürjo. KGB lähiajalugu Eestis püsib ähmasena; Vladimir Jushkin. Agentide nimed jäävad igaveseks saladuseks; Hardo Aasmäe. Agentuuritoimikud viidi Eestist minema; Herman Simmi arreteerimine

  4. Ars Baltica-verkoston puheenjohtajuus Suomeen Risto Ruohoselle

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    1990. a. loodud võrgustiku Ars Baltica sekretariaat (Ars Baltica Contact Point & Communication Center) tuleb Kielist Tallinnasse Eesti kultuuriministeeriumi kuni aastani 2002 (Suur-Karja 23). Ars Baltica (ühendus)

  5. Kallinevad bussipiletid kiskusid Valgamaa altkäemaksuskandaali / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 29. okt. lk. 4-5. Transpordiettevõtte GoBus juhte kahtlustatakse Valgamaa maavanemale altkäemaksu andmises. Vt. samas: Nils Niitra. Kriminaalasi avas suuromanikele võimaluse juhte vallandada; Priit Rajalo. Naabrimehed Valgas peavad maavanemat tipp-topp meheks

  6. Ars Baltica-verkoston puheenjohtajuus Suomeen Risto Ruohoselle

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    1990. a. loodud võrgustiku Ars Baltica sekretariaat (Ars Baltica Contact Point & Communication Center) tuleb Kielist Tallinnasse Eesti kultuuriministeeriumi kuni aastani 2002 (Suur-Karja 23). Ars Baltica (ühendus)

  7. Estonian views of collective action and democracy / Risto Alapuro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alapuro, Risto

    2003-01-01

    Autor analüüsib Eesti sotsiaalteadlaste poolt välismaal avaldatud teostele tuginedes sotsiaalteadlaste rolli Eesti ja lääneriikide suhete kujundamisel üleminekuajal ning võrdleb Eestis iseseisvumise perioodil toimunud rahvuslikku enesekonstrueerimist ja riigi ülesehitamist Soomega

  8. Suvi nõuab seksimat meelelahutust / Risto Kukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kukk, Risto

    2004-01-01

    Prantsuse režissööride Frederic Lansac'i ja Francis Leroi koomilisest erootikafilmist "Pussy Talk : Le sexe qui parle" : Prantsusmaa 1975 ja briti režissööri Val Guest'i sexploitation komöödiast "Au Pair Girls" : Suurbritannia 1972

  9. Savisaare kihutamise menetlus politseis venib / Tuuli Koch, Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 23. juuli 2007, lk. 3. Politsei ei ole siiani määranud karistust Eesti Keskerakonna esimehele ja Tallinna linnapeale Edgar Savisaarele, kes 10. juulil Lääne-Virumaal Vihula vallas Viitna-Koljaku teel sõitis 30 km/h alas 81-kilomeetrise tunnikiirusega. Lisa: Lubatust 51 km/h kiiremini

  10. Omaniku näoga Merirahu galeriimaja / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2012-01-01

    Arhitekt Toivo Tammiku (AD Ansambel) projekteeritud eramust Merirahus. Kaasautor Kadri Randoja (AD Ansambel). Sisearhitektid Aet Grigorjev ja Aet Piel. Projekt: 2005, valmis: 2011/2012. Toivo Tammiku kommentaar

  11. Eesti rahvusliku tahte triumf? / Tarmo Jüristo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jüristo, Tarmo

    2010-01-01

    Autor analüüsib kaitseminister Jaak Aaviksoo Tartu rahu aastapäevale pühendatud kõnet, milles kaitseminister viitas tahtmatult 1934. aasta propagandafilmile "Tahte triumf" ("Triumph des Willens"), mis kujutas Adolf Hitleri saabumist natsionaalsotsialistliku partei Nürnbergi konverentsile

  12. Versija Hermana Simma : menja shantazhirovali / Risto Berendson, Rasmus Kagge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    Riigireetmises uurimise all viibiva Herman Simmi väidetel langes ta KGB šantaaži ohvriks. Vt. samas: Indrek Jürjo. KGB lähiajalugu Eestis püsib ähmasena; Vladimir Jushkin. Agentide nimed jäävad igaveseks saladuseks; Hardo Aasmäe. Agentuuritoimikud viidi Eestist minema; Herman Simmi arreteerimine

  13. Narkomaan on kurjategija / Marilis Sepp, Risto Kasemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sepp, Marilis

    2004-01-01

    Narkomaania levikust, arengust ning narkootikumide tarbimise tagajärgedest Eestis. Rootsis Västra-Götlandi maakonnas läbiviidud projektist, mille käigus uuriti narkomaanide toimepandud kuritegusid ja ühiskonnale tekitatud kahjusid. Diagramm: Narkosüüteoga vahele jäänud isikute poolt toime pandud kuritegude osakaal

  14. Kihutav politseijuht Antropov testis Saaremaal Hummerit / Risto Berendson, Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2003-01-01

    Politsei pressishefi sõnul testis politseijuht Robert Antropov Saaremaal julgestuspolitsei tarbeks maastikuautot Hummer. Endise politseijuhi Ain Seppiku kommentaare. Tabel: Tavaline politseimaastur võrreldes Hummeriga

  15. Savisaare kihutamise menetlus politseis venib / Tuuli Koch, Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 23. juuli 2007, lk. 3. Politsei ei ole siiani määranud karistust Eesti Keskerakonna esimehele ja Tallinna linnapeale Edgar Savisaarele, kes 10. juulil Lääne-Virumaal Vihula vallas Viitna-Koljaku teel sõitis 30 km/h alas 81-kilomeetrise tunnikiirusega. Lisa: Lubatust 51 km/h kiiremini

  16. Tartlase Otto Freymuthi tegevus Toruńis / Risto Pullat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pullat, Risto, 1966-, toimetaja

    2012-01-01

    Toruńi elanikkond suhtub Otto Freymuthisse suure sügava austusega, kuna ta päästis okupatsioonivõimude käest Poola raamatukoguajaloo rariteedid. Toruńi raamatukogu avamise 85. aastapäeva puhul avati kolm mälestustahvlit, üks neist Otto Freymuthile, kes oli Toruńi raamatukogu direktor aastatel 1940-1944

  17. Supermodell Carmen Kass osaleb Eestis filmivõtetel / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2003-01-01

    Produtsent Kristian Taska uue mängufilmi "Täna öösel me ei maga" võtted algasid 28. juunil Tallinna vanalinnas. Lavastab Ilmar Taska, operaatoriks on Istvan Borbas, peaosades Carmen Kass, Peter Franzen, Maria Avdjushko, Priit Võigemast

  18. Trikimaastik - futuristliku eluviisi ja arhitektuuri eksperiment / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2011-01-01

    Veebruaris 2011 Saku Suurhallis toimunud Simpel Session'i arhitektuursete lahenduste eest vastutanud Nate Wesseli (USA) loomingust. Autori arvates võiks mõnes Tallinna pargis olla kaasaegne betoonist skulptuur, mis ei oleks vaid imetlemiseks

  19. Omaniku näoga Merirahu galeriimaja / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2012-01-01

    Arhitekt Toivo Tammiku (AD Ansambel) projekteeritud eramust Merirahus. Kaasautor Kadri Randoja (AD Ansambel). Sisearhitektid Aet Grigorjev ja Aet Piel. Projekt: 2005, valmis: 2011/2012. Toivo Tammiku kommentaar

  20. Tartu uutest paralleelrajoonidest Emajõe kaldal / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2007-01-01

    Kvissentali ja Siili tänava uuselamurajoonidest Tartus. Siili t. 42 ja 44 eramutest, mille arhitektiks on Andres Kadarik (OÜ Tahukas). Tartu 2006. a. parimateks uuselamu projektideks tunnistatud kolmest majast Kvissentali rajoonis: eramust Tüürimehe t. 3 (Ain Padrik, AB Künnapu & Padrik OÜ), Kapteni t. 4 (Andres Kadarik, OÜ Tahukas) ja Pootsmani t. 14 (Uko Künnap, OÜ U-Disain). 12 värv. vaadet

  1. Risto Rossar: umbes 90% äriideedest kukub läbi / Risto Rossar ; intervjueerinud Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rossar, Risto

    2009-01-01

    IIZI Group AS-i juhatuse esimees vastab küsimustele, kuidas sai alguse IIZI Kindlustusmaaker, millised on turud, kus IIZI tegutseb, milliseid vigu on tehtud, kuhu võiks firma edasi laieneda. Diagrammid

  2. Shostakovich: The Orchestral Songs Vol. 2 / Michael Tanner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tanner, Michael

    1996-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Shostakovich: The Orchestral Songs Vol. 2: Six Romances on texts by Japanese poets, Op. 21. Six Poems on Marina Tsvetayeva, Op. 143. Suite on Verses of Michelangelo, Op. 145. Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi". DG 447 085-2GH (71 minutes:DDD)

  3. Shostakovich: The Orchestral Songs Vol. 2 / Michael Tanner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tanner, Michael

    1996-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Shostakovich: The Orchestral Songs Vol. 2: Six Romances on texts by Japanese poets, Op. 21. Six Poems on Marina Tsvetayeva, Op. 143. Suite on Verses of Michelangelo, Op. 145. Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi". DG 447 085-2GH (71 minutes:DDD)

  4. Self-Tanners, Tanning Pills, Tanning Booths, and Pregnancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... products do not provide protection from the harmful effects of the sun. You should still use sunscreen and protective clothing ... during pregnancy or breastfeeding. Be aware that harmful effects ... including eye damage, liver damage, nausea, cramping, diarrhea, severe itching, ...

  5. AFSC/RACE/SAP/Urban:Tanner Crab Handling Mortality

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Fish and invertebrates that are unintentionally captured during commercial fishing operations and then released back into the ocean suffer mortality at unknown...

  6. Predictors of Sun-Related Behaviors among Young Women: Comparisons between Outdoor Tanners, Fake Tanners, and Tan Avoiders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, Ashley K.; Oxlad, Melissa; Roberts, Rachel M.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Skin cancer incidence continues to rise as a tanned appearance remains desirable, particularly among young women. Fake tanning provides a tanned appearance without exposure to ultraviolet radiation. In order to advance our understanding of the factors that contribute to long-term behavior change, this study explores determinants…

  7. Sukis Risto Kübara seksapiil varjutab seksitööstuse / Heili Sibrits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sibrits, Heili, 1977-

    2011-01-01

    17. septembril NO99 teatris esietendunud kolme teatri - NO99, Münchner Kammerspiele, Lyric Hammersmith Theatre - koostöös valminud lavastusest "Three Kingdoms" ("Kolm kuningriiki"), mida etendatakse kõigis kolmes teatris

  8. Uhiuus orkester Tallinn Sinfonietta / Ivo Lille ja Risto Joost ; intervjueerinud Kristina Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lille, Ivo, 1977-

    2009-01-01

    Kontserdiagentuurist HIMusic Agency ja Tallinn Sinfoniettast räägivad dirigent R. Joost ja I. Lille. Avakontserdist Vene Kultuurikeskuses, kus oli kavas Mozarti sümfooniad 1, 10 ja 40 ning kontsertaariad bulgaaria soprani Sonya Youncheva esituses

  9. Regional long-term development of innovative capability in SMEs / Risto Pulkkainen, Matti Lintuniemi, Kari Kempas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pulkkainen, Risto

    2004-01-01

    Väikeste ja keskmise suurusega ettevõtete uuendusvõimet hinnatakse kõige enam kohalike innovatsiooniteenuste, nagu näiteks kiire reageerimisvõime ja strateegiline koostöö, järgi. Illustreeriva näitena kasutatakse Helsingi Tehnikaülikoolis Lahti regiooni jaoks välja töötatud regionaalsete innovatsiooniteenuste mudelit. Lühikokkuvõte 2002. aastal läbiviidud uuringu tulemustest, mille käigus selgitati välja ettevõtete kogemused nimetatud mudeliga ning suhtumine sellesse. Skeemid. Tabelid

  10. Ambitsioonikas terviktõlgendus Eesti Suure murrangu kohta / Risto Alapuro ; tõlk. A. L.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alapuro, Risto

    2004-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Ruutsoo, Rein. Civil society and Nation Building in Estonia and the Baltic States : impact of traditions on mobilization and transition 1986-2000 - Historical and Sociological Study. Rovaniemi, 2002

  11. Küberrünnakuid tehti nii Lapimaalt kui Iisraelist / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Riigi Infosüsteemide Arenduskeskuse osakonnajuhataja Hillar Aarelaid rääkis küberkaitset puudutaval seminaril maikuus Eestit põhiliselt Venemaalt tabanud küberrünnakute tõrjumisest, kus aitasid kaasa ka parajasti Viru hotellis konverentsi pidanud 200 välismaist IT-spetsialisti. Rahvusvahelise firma Cisco esindaja, arvutiturbe tippspetsialisti Ivica Ostojici esinemisest. Vt. samas: Häkkimine kahe sekundiga

  12. Ernesto Preatoni soovis end 100 miljoni eest vabaks osta / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Prokurör Laura Vaik põhjendab, miks ta loobus tema enda ja Itaalia ärimehe Ernesto Preatoni advokaatide vahel sõlmitud esialgsest kokkuleppest, mille kohaselt oleks Preatoni maksnud riigile kokku 100 mln krooni

  13. Uhiuus orkester Tallinn Sinfonietta / Ivo Lille ja Risto Joost ; intervjueerinud Kristina Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lille, Ivo, 1977-

    2009-01-01

    Kontserdiagentuurist HIMusic Agency ja Tallinn Sinfoniettast räägivad dirigent R. Joost ja I. Lille. Avakontserdist Vene Kultuurikeskuses, kus oli kavas Mozarti sümfooniad 1, 10 ja 40 ning kontsertaariad bulgaaria soprani Sonya Youncheva esituses

  14. Eestlane pälvis rahvusvahelise aasta loodusfotograafi tiitli / Risto Mets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mets, Risto

    2009-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisel fotovõistlusel "Veolia Environnement Wildlife Photographer of the Year 2009" kuulutati kategoorias „Loomad oma elukeskkonnas” parimaks Eesti bioloogi ja loodusfotograafi Urmas Tartese foto "Lumekirp lumehelbel"

  15. Res Publica mängis topeltmängu / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2005-01-01

    Res Publica jätkab koostööd Tallinna linnavalitsuses Reformierakonnaga. Tallinna linnapea Tõnis Paltsi sõnul oli paralleelsete läbirääkimiste pidamine Keskerakonna ja Reformierakonnaga Res Publica Tallinna piirkonna juhatuse valitud taktika. Kommenteerib Jaanus Piirsalu

  16. Mängufilm "Magnus" sai kohtus kuulsaks ja Eestis keelatuks / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestivali kavas "Un certain regard" on tänavu ka Kadri Kõusaare mängufilm "Magnus" : produtsent Donald Fernandes : Eesti (Vitamin K Film) - Suurbritannia (Donus Films Limited). Filmi levitamisõigusega seotud kohtumäärusest

  17. Preatoni ründab Horvaatias peituvat võtmetunnistajat / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2005-01-01

    Üle 50 miljoni kroonises maksupettuses süüdistatava Ernesto Preatoni advokaadid kahtlustavad Preatoni vastase uurimise algatanud, end praegu Horvaatias varjava Ilona Saari ja prokuratuuri koostööd. Katkend Horvaatia ajakirjas Globus ilmunud intervjuust Ilona Saariga

  18. Ambitsioonikas terviktõlgendus Eesti Suure murrangu kohta / Risto Alapuro ; tõlk. A. L.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alapuro, Risto

    2004-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Ruutsoo, Rein. Civil society and Nation Building in Estonia and the Baltic States : impact of traditions on mobilization and transition 1986-2000 - Historical and Sociological Study. Rovaniemi, 2002

  19. Uurijad võtavad luubi alla internetis ässitajad / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Politsei lubab võtta vastutusele inimesed, kes avaldavad internetis pronkssõduriga seotud aktsiooniga seotud politseinike fotosid, tahtes teada nende nimesid. Kaitsepolitsei algatas kriminaalmenetluse, et välja selgitada isikud, kes kutsusid venekeelsetel internetilehekülgedel moodustama relvatatud vastupanuarmeed Eesti riigivõimu kukutamiseks. Lisa: Rahutused arvudes

  20. Kõrged külalised Lille'i ülikoolist / Risto Mets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mets, Risto

    2007-01-01

    Maaülikooliga käisid tutvumas ja koostöösidemeid sõlmimas Prantsusmaa Lille'i ülikooli õppeprorektor Francis Meilliez, välissuhete prorektor Jacky Lesage ning õppeosakonna juhataja Arnaud Gauthier

  1. Muusikast, muinsuskaitsest, keraamilistest lauanõudest ... : TPÜ kultuuriteaduskonna magistrantide ja doktorantide teaduskonverents 23. aprillil / Risto Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Risto

    2001-01-01

    Teaduskonverentsi juhatasid sisse K. Kirme, R. Pullat, H. Uibu. Ettekannetega esinesid T. Parktal, L. Suurmaa, M. Raabe, M. Loit, T. Soosõrv, M. Aarma, T. Tohver, R. Paju, O. Kozlova, A. Lõugas, M. Talvik, S. Sultson, P. Kängsep, A. Hrenova, J. Raihhelgauz

  2. [O rzeczach minionych, scripta rerum historicarum annae rutkowska-plachcińska oblata] / Risto Pullat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pullat, Raimo, 1935-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus: O rzeczach minionych, scripta rerum historicarum annae rutkowska-plachcińska oblata. (Pod redakeja Marty Mlynarskiej-Kaletynowej i Jerzego Kruppe. Studia i materaly z historii kultury materialney pod redakeja Jerzego Kruppe). Warszawa, 2006. Sisukast ja mitmekülgsest Anna Rutkowska-Plachcinska juubelikogumikust

  3. Herman Simm põhjendab reetmist KGB minevikuga / Risto Berendson, Rasmus Kagge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    Riigireetmises uurimise all viibiva Herman Simmi väidetel langes ta KGB šantaaži ohvriks. Vt. samas: Indrek Jürjo. KGB lähiajalugu Eestis püsib ähmasena; Vladimir Jushkin. Agentide nimed jäävad igaveseks saladuseks; Hardo Aasmäe. Agentuuritoimikud viidi Eestist minema

  4. [O rzeczach minionych, scripta rerum historicarum annae rutkowska-plachcińska oblata] / Risto Pullat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pullat, Raimo, 1935-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus: O rzeczach minionych, scripta rerum historicarum annae rutkowska-plachcińska oblata. (Pod redakeja Marty Mlynarskiej-Kaletynowej i Jerzego Kruppe. Studia i materaly z historii kultury materialney pod redakeja Jerzego Kruppe). Warszawa, 2006. Sisukast ja mitmekülgsest Anna Rutkowska-Plachcinska juubelikogumikust

  5. Ernesto Preatoni soovis end 100 miljoni eest vabaks osta / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Prokurör Laura Vaik põhjendab, miks ta loobus tema enda ja Itaalia ärimehe Ernesto Preatoni advokaatide vahel sõlmitud esialgsest kokkuleppest, mille kohaselt oleks Preatoni maksnud riigile kokku 100 mln krooni

  6. Pöttering : Venemaa ei tee EL-i sisepoliitikat / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Eestis viibinud Euroopa Parlamendi suurima fraktsiooni esimehe Hans-Gert Pötteringi sõnul puudub Venemaal niikaua, kui ta peab sõda Tšetšeenias, õigus inimõiguste teemal sõna võtta. Pöttering nõuab Euroopa Komisjonilt ja EL-i Ministrite Nõukogult Eesti ning Läti huvide kaitsmist EL-i ja Venemaa ühisavalduses

  7. Mängufilm "Magnus" sai kohtus kuulsaks ja Eestis keelatuks / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestivali kavas "Un certain regard" on tänavu ka Kadri Kõusaare mängufilm "Magnus" : produtsent Donald Fernandes : Eesti (Vitamin K Film) - Suurbritannia (Donus Films Limited). Filmi levitamisõigusega seotud kohtumäärusest

  8. Milline on hea maksusüsteem? Mirrlees Review vastab / Risto Kaarna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaarna, Risto, 1985-

    2010-01-01

    Ülevaade maailma tunnustatud maksuteoreetikute poolt koostatud ülevaatest "Tax by design" (Mirrlees Review). Ülevaade pakub välja üldise hea maksusüsteemi. Uurimuse juhiks on Nobeli preemia laureaat Sir James Mirrlees

  9. Pärnu Keskraamatukogu uus hoone / Markus Kaasik, Andres Ojari, Risto Parve...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    välisvaade, 2 sisevaadet; fotod: Marko Mumm; arhitektuur: AB Kolm Pluss Üks; projekteerija, konstruktsioonid: OÜ Inseneribüroo Pike; ehitaja: AS YIT Ehitus; betooni tarnijad: AS HC Betoon, AS Lasbet. Konkursi "Aasta Betoonehitis 2008" nominent

  10. Res Publica mängis topeltmängu / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2005-01-01

    Res Publica jätkab koostööd Tallinna linnavalitsuses Reformierakonnaga. Tallinna linnapea Tõnis Paltsi sõnul oli paralleelsete läbirääkimiste pidamine Keskerakonna ja Reformierakonnaga Res Publica Tallinna piirkonna juhatuse valitud taktika. Kommenteerib Jaanus Piirsalu

  11. Milline on hea maksusüsteem? Mirrlees Review vastab / Risto Kaarna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaarna, Risto, 1985-

    2010-01-01

    Ülevaade maailma tunnustatud maksuteoreetikute poolt koostatud ülevaatest "Tax by design" (Mirrlees Review). Ülevaade pakub välja üldise hea maksusüsteemi. Uurimuse juhiks on Nobeli preemia laureaat Sir James Mirrlees

  12. Starõje radarõ polozhat na polku / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    204-kilomeetrise tunnikiirusega vahele jäänud autojuhi vaidlus politseiga tipnes riigikohtu otsusega, mis sundis politseid kasutusest eemaldama umbes 50 ebasobivat kiirusemõõtjat. Lisatud: Stalker ATR

  13. Selgus õiguses tuleb vaieldes / Leon Glikman, Risto Rüütel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Glikman, Leon, 1957-

    2009-01-01

    Euroopa kohaliku omavalitsuse harta ja põhiseadus annavad omavalitsustele ulatusliku iseseisvuse, mis on vastuolus vajadusega kontrollida avalike vahendite kasutamist. Riigikohtu 2009. aasta 19. märtsi ostusest

  14. Vene luure võis Simmi vahistamisest ette teada / Risto Berendson ; kommenteerinud Edward Lucas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2009-01-01

    Hermann Simmi tegevust juhtinud Vene välisluureteenistuse ohvitser Sergei Jakovlev kadus enne Simmi vahistamist jäljeltult. Autori sõnul ei välistata, et järjekordne reetur on keegi teine kõrgel ametikohal olev ametnik

  15. Sukis Risto Kübara seksapiil varjutab seksitööstuse / Heili Sibrits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sibrits, Heili, 1977-

    2011-01-01

    17. septembril NO99 teatris esietendunud kolme teatri - NO99, Münchner Kammerspiele, Lyric Hammersmith Theatre - koostöös valminud lavastusest "Three Kingdoms" ("Kolm kuningriiki"), mida etendatakse kõigis kolmes teatris

  16. Regional long-term development of innovative capability in SMEs / Risto Pulkkainen, Matti Lintuniemi, Kari Kempas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pulkkainen, Risto

    2004-01-01

    Väikeste ja keskmise suurusega ettevõtete uuendusvõimet hinnatakse kõige enam kohalike innovatsiooniteenuste, nagu näiteks kiire reageerimisvõime ja strateegiline koostöö, järgi. Illustreeriva näitena kasutatakse Helsingi Tehnikaülikoolis Lahti regiooni jaoks välja töötatud regionaalsete innovatsiooniteenuste mudelit. Lühikokkuvõte 2002. aastal läbiviidud uuringu tulemustest, mille käigus selgitati välja ettevõtete kogemused nimetatud mudeliga ning suhtumine sellesse. Skeemid. Tabelid

  17. Kristian Jaak Peterson Eesti mütoloogiat kokku kandmas / Risto Järv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Järv, Risto, 1971-

    1996-01-01

    Bibl. 23 nim. Sisu: Petersoni Eesti mütoloogia; 2. Petersoni lisanduste allikad : 2.1. J. H. Rosenplänteri Beiträge'd... (1813-1818); 2.2. J. W. Boeckleri (- J. Forseliuse) Der einfältigen... (1685); 2.3. J. L. Börgeri Versuch... (1778); 2.4. K. G. Sonntagi Monatschrift... (1791); 2.5. Allikate koondloetelu: täpsustused Mütoloogias kasutatud kirjanduse loendi juurde; 3. Mõnda Petersoni kasutatud materjalidega seonduvat; 4. Mütoloogia viidetest tulenevaid probleeme; 5. Mütoloogia kommentaaride põhjalikkus. K. J. Petersoni poolt Kristfrid Gananderi teose "Finnische Müthologie..." (Pernau, 1822) tõlke vahele põimitud eestiaineliste kommentaaride analüüs

  18. Ülemkomissarile lõppes politseipidu purjuspäi avariiga / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    Tallinna Kesklinna politseiosakonna juht, ülemkomissar Andres Truss sattus alkoholi tarvitamise tunnustega autoavariisse ja pidi ametist lahkuma. Andres Truss pälvis 2007. a. aprillirahutuste ajal tehtud töö eest president Toomas Hendrik Ilveselt tänavu Kotkaristi IV klassi teenetemärgi

  19. Herman Simm põhjendab reetmist KGB minevikuga / Risto Berendson, Rasmus Kagge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    Riigireetmises uurimise all viibiva Herman Simmi väidetel langes ta KGB šantaaži ohvriks. Vt. samas: Indrek Jürjo. KGB lähiajalugu Eestis püsib ähmasena; Vladimir Jushkin. Agentide nimed jäävad igaveseks saladuseks; Hardo Aasmäe. Agentuuritoimikud viidi Eestist minema

  20. Jakobson : vastutavad nii käsu andjad kui ka täitjad / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline inimsusevastaste kuritegude komisjon Max Jakobsoni juhtimisel esitas aastatel 1940-1941 Eestis toimunud inimsusevastaste kuritegude raporti. Vt. samas: Vastutajad. 1940.-1941. aasta kuritegude eest vastutajad

  1. Pöttering : Venemaa ei tee EL-i sisepoliitikat / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Eestis viibinud Euroopa Parlamendi suurima fraktsiooni esimehe Hans-Gert Pötteringi sõnul puudub Venemaal niikaua, kui ta peab sõda Tšetšeenias, õigus inimõiguste teemal sõna võtta. Pöttering nõuab Euroopa Komisjonilt ja EL-i Ministrite Nõukogult Eesti ning Läti huvide kaitsmist EL-i ja Venemaa ühisavalduses

  2. Eestlane pälvis rahvusvahelise aasta loodusfotograafi tiitli / Risto Mets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mets, Risto

    2009-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisel fotovõistlusel "Veolia Environnement Wildlife Photographer of the Year 2009" kuulutati kategoorias „Loomad oma elukeskkonnas” parimaks Eesti bioloogi ja loodusfotograafi Urmas Tartese foto "Lumekirp lumehelbel"

  3. UT küsib / Rein Toomla, Risto Tammelo, Katri Raik, Catlyn Kirna...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Rektori valimistega seonduvatele küsimustele vastavad: R. Toomla (rahvusvaheliste suhete lektor, politoloogia osakonna juhataja), R. Tammelo (väljateooria professor, füüsika osakonna juhataja), K. Raik (Narva kolledži direktor, haridusteaduskonna dekaan, C. Kirna (rahvusvaheliste suhete magistrant, Tartu Ülikooli Üliõpilasesinduse avaliku poliitika spetsialist) ja prof. E. Ergma (Riigikogu aseesimees, astrofüüsika professor)

  4. Zeki võpolnjali zakazõ dlja doma direktora tjurmõ / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    Kinnipeetav Peeter Paalberg väitis, et ta oli 2007. aastal Ämari vangla juhi Arvi Laide majapidamise jaoks vangla töökojas tellimustöid teinud. Justiitsministeerium leidis, et kõik on seaduspärane. Lisatud: Arvi Laide kaebas Postimehe Pressinõukokku ; vanglajuht lubas elektriauto vendadele Paalbergidele ; ministeerium: kontrollisime süüdistusi põhjalikult

  5. Muusikast, muinsuskaitsest, keraamilistest lauanõudest ... : TPÜ kultuuriteaduskonna magistrantide ja doktorantide teaduskonverents 23. aprillil / Risto Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Risto

    2001-01-01

    Teaduskonverentsi juhatasid sisse K. Kirme, R. Pullat, H. Uibu. Ettekannetega esinesid T. Parktal, L. Suurmaa, M. Raabe, M. Loit, T. Soosõrv, M. Aarma, T. Tohver, R. Paju, O. Kozlova, A. Lõugas, M. Talvik, S. Sultson, P. Kängsep, A. Hrenova, J. Raihhelgauz

  6. AFSC/RACE/SAP/Swiney: Primiparous and multiparous Tanner crab egg extrusion, embryo development and hatching

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This study compares timing of egg extrusion, embryo development, timing and duration of eclosion, and incubation periods of Kodiak, Alaska primiparous and...

  7. Mental Health Problems during Puberty: Tanner Stage-Related Differences in Specific Symptoms. The TRAILS Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oldehinkel, Albertine J.; Verhulst, Frank C.; Ormel, Johan

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate associations between specific mental health problems and pubertal stage in (pre)adolescents participating in the Dutch prospective cohort study TRAILS (first assessment: N = 2230, age 11.09 [plus or minus] 0.56, 50.8% girls; second assessment: N = 2149, age 13.56 [plus or minus] 0.53, 51.0% girls). Mental…

  8. Mental health problems during puberty : Tanner stage-related differences in specific symptoms. The TRAILS study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oldehinkel, Albertine J.; Verhulst, Frank C.; Ormel, Johan

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate associations between specific mental health problems and pubertal stage in (pre)adolescents participating in the Dutch prospective cohort study TRAILS (first assessment: N = 2230, age 11.09 +/- 0.56, 50.8% girls; second assessment: N = 2149, age 13.56 +/- 0.5

  9. Riik võib Lilleküla staadioni lõpuni ehitamiseks laenu anda / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Rahandusministeeriumi hinnangu kohaselt võiks riik toetada Lilleküla jalgpallikompleksi valmimist osaliselt rahaliselt ja osaliselt alaliidule soodsalt laenu andes, eeltingimus on, et jalgpalliliit peab staadioni valmimiseks vajaminevast 90 miljonist kroonist katma vähemalt viiendiku

  10. 22 tundi tõde ja õigust Anton Hansen Tammsaare moodi / Risto Berendson, Marika Rajamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    30. okt. kirjutati Anton Hansen Tammsaare sünniaastapäeva puhul alla lepingule, mis toob Vargamäele maratonetenduse kogu "Tõe ja õiguse" põhjal. Etendus toimub 21.-22. juunini. Kommenteerib Ülo Tonts

  11. Põhuteater ehk Salto arhitektide must monoliit = Straw Theatre or the Black Monolith by the Salto Architects / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2011-01-01

    Tallinnas 2011. a. valminud NO99 Põhuteatrist. Arhitektid: Maarja Kask, Karli Luik, Ralf Lõoke, Pelle-Sten Viiburg (Salto AB). Projekt: 2010. Loodud ajaperioodiks 30.04.-01.10.2011. Skoone bastionist enne Põhuteatrit

  12. Näyttelyn suunnittelu kirjastoympäristöön : Layers lastenkirjat -näyttely

    OpenAIRE

    Vuorela, Janne

    2014-01-01

    Opinnäytetyössä suunniteltiin ja toteutettiin näyttely Seinäjoen ammattikorkeakoulussa järjestetyn lastenkirjaprojektin ja sen tulosten markkinoimiseksi. Opinnäyte-projekti toteutettiin yhteistyössä Vaasan kaupunginkirjaston ja Jalasjärven kun-nankirjaston kanssa ja rahoittajana projektissa toimi Seinäjoen ammattikorkeakoulun liiketoiminnan ja kulttuurin yksikkö. Projektissa markkinoitiin erityisesti kirjastokäyttöön suunniteltuja ja toteutettuja lastenkirjoja niille luontaisessa ympäristössä...

  13. Mobiil paljastab politseile päti või hädalise asukoha / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : russkom jazõke 20. juuli lk. 5. Praegu pakuvad Eesti mobiilsideoperaatoritest reaalajas positsioneerimise teenust jälitusasutustele EMT ja Elisa, kavandatava seadusemuudatuse heakskiitmisel Riigikogus, peab positsioneerimise teenust võimaldava süsteemi rajama ka Tele2. Lisa: Positsioneerimine

  14. Kasumi jaotamine aktsiaseltsis : [bakalaureusetöö] / Risto Vahimets ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Andres Vutt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahimets, Risto, 1974-

    1996-01-01

    Kasumijaotamise üldmõisted (viisid aktsiaseltsis, omakapitali mõisted, jaotised, dividendid, eelisaktsiad, mitterahaline vara, uute aktsiate jagamine, reservfond, varjatud kasumijaotamine); kasumijaotamise reeglid Euroopa Liidus; Eesti äriseadustik ja Euroopa Liidu direktiivid; kasumijaotamine Soome Vabariigis. Vt. ka: Juridica (1996) nr. 6, lk. 266-268

  15. Kasumi jaotamine aktsiaseltsis : [bakalaureusetöö] / Risto Vahimets ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Andres Vutt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahimets, Risto, 1974-

    1996-01-01

    Kasumijaotamise üldmõisted (viisid aktsiaseltsis, omakapitali mõisted, jaotised, dividendid, eelisaktsiad, mitterahaline vara, uute aktsiate jagamine, reservfond, varjatud kasumijaotamine); kasumijaotamise reeglid Euroopa Liidus; Eesti äriseadustik ja Euroopa Liidu direktiivid; kasumijaotamine Soome Vabariigis. Vt. ka: Juridica (1996) nr. 6, lk. 266-268

  16. Põhuteater ehk Salto arhitektide must monoliit = Straw Theatre or the Black Monolith by the Salto Architects / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2011-01-01

    Tallinnas 2011. a. valminud NO99 Põhuteatrist. Arhitektid: Maarja Kask, Karli Luik, Ralf Lõoke, Pelle-Sten Viiburg (Salto AB). Projekt: 2010. Loodud ajaperioodiks 30.04.-01.10.2011. Skoone bastionist enne Põhuteatrit

  17. Avaliação qualitativa da pastagem de capim tanner-grass (Brachiaria arrecta, por três diferentes métodos de amostragem Quality evaluation of the tanner grass (Brachiaria arrecta pasture, by three different collection methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Henrique de Tonissi e Buschinelli de Goes

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar a qualidade da pastagem de Brachiaria arrecta, classificada anteriormente como B. radicans utilizando-se as metodologias da extrusa, pastejo simulado e disponibilidade total. Para a coleta da extrusa, utilizaram-se três novilhos fistulados no esôfago. A disponibilidade total do pasto foi obtida pelo corte rente ao solo, com um quadrado metálico (0,5 x 0,5 m, e o pastejo simulado foi colhido manualmente. Para a digestibilidade in vitro da matéria seca, ocorreu efeito do mês de amostragem, mas não entre as metodologias de coleta utilizadas, em que a extrusa apresentou maiores valores (62,10%. Não ocorreu diferença para os teores de proteína bruta, entre os métodos do pastejo simulado e da extrusa. Os valores de PB para o método de disponibilidade total foram abaixo de 7% e os de FDN (72,3% e FDA (38,2%, encontrados para os três métodos, confirmaram que as forrageiras tropicais são ricas em parede celular. As amostras obtidas pela disponibilidade total não foram representativas da dieta ingerida pelos bovinos. O método de amostragem influiu na determinação da composição química da pastagem. O pastejo simulado pode servir para uma estimativa satisfatória da dieta selecionada por bovinos.The quality of B. radicans, former B. radicans pasture, was evaluated using extrusa collection, hand-plucked and total availability methods. Three esophageous fistulated steers were used for the extrusa collection. Samples for total availability of the pasture were collected cutting plant material close to the ground inside a metalic square (0.5 x 0.5m. hand-plucked method was performed manually. There was a significant effect for the months of collection for the in vitro dry matter disapperance, but not among the collection methods tested. The extrusa collection method showing the highest values (62.1%. There was no difference for crude protein among the simulated grazing and extrusa methods. The CP values for the total availability methods were under 7%. Mean values for the neutral detergent fiber (72.3% and acid detergent fiber (38.2% obtained by the collection methods tested confirmed that tropical forrages have high cell wall contents. The samples obtained by the total availability method did not represent the animals ingesta. The collection method influenced the pasture quality evaluation. The hand-plucked method can be a satisfactory estimated for the diet select by the cattle.

  18. Duncan Tanner Essay Prize 2016: Historical Pageants, Citizenship, and the Performance of Women's History before Second-Wave Feminism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Zoë

    2017-09-01

    This article argues that the early twentieth-century craze for historical pageants provided an opportunity for women's groups to bring a nascent, accessible form of women's history into the lives of local communities across Britain. Mainstream historical pageants were organized across the country, depicting selected episodes from the past usually relating to the local area. However, more than 200 inter-war pageants staged by women's organizations, church groups, and a number of university colleges have not yet been studied. In these pageants, women imaginatively portrayed professional, religious, political, noble, and 'ordinary' women from across history. Prior to second-wave feminism, when scholars advanced the study of women within the academy, thousands of people had been invested in re-enacting women's history since the inter-war years. Emphasizing the bravery and public duties of women in the past, historical pageants provided a non-controversial format through which women's groups could effectively project their beliefs about the role they felt women should play as newly enfranchised citizens. These popular performances capture the dispersed, yet committed, dedication to encouraging women's social citizenship in the inter-war years, and a more pluralistic understanding of women's engagement with 'feminist' ideas in everyday life across Britain. © The Author [2017]. Published by Oxford University Press.

  19. Henrik Grönroos : (21.01.1908-05.08.2007) in memoriam / Esko Häkli ; tõlge soome keelest Risto Pullat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Häkli, Esko, 1936-

    2009-01-01

    Helsingi Ülikooli raamatukogu kauaaegsest töötajast. Grönroosi kogutud materjalide põhjal on loomisel andmebaas. Andmekogu on saanud nimeks Henrik ja seda hoiab ja täiendab Soome Kirjanduse Selts, mille internetiaadress on http://dbbgw.finlit.fi/henrik/index.php

  20. Geograafilised tähised ja päritolukohanimed : [bakalaureusetöö] / Risto Rüütel ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Anne Kalvi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rüütel, Risto, 1976-

    1999-01-01

    Geograafiliste tähiste olemus ja jagunemine, päritolukohanimede rahvusvaheline kaitse, rahvusvahelised konventsioonid, geograafiliste tähiste kaitse eri riikides - Saksamaal, Prantsusmaal, USA-s, Austraalias

  1. Geograafilised tähised ja päritolukohanimed : [bakalaureusetöö] / Risto Rüütel ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Anne Kalvi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rüütel, Risto, 1976-

    1999-01-01

    Geograafiliste tähiste olemus ja jagunemine, päritolukohanimede rahvusvaheline kaitse, rahvusvahelised konventsioonid, geograafiliste tähiste kaitse eri riikides - Saksamaal, Prantsusmaal, USA-s, Austraalias

  2. Henrik Grönroos : (21.01.1908-05.08.2007) in memoriam / Esko Häkli ; tõlge soome keelest Risto Pullat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Häkli, Esko, 1936-

    2009-01-01

    Helsingi Ülikooli raamatukogu kauaaegsest töötajast. Grönroosi kogutud materjalide põhjal on loomisel andmebaas. Andmekogu on saanud nimeks Henrik ja seda hoiab ja täiendab Soome Kirjanduse Selts, mille internetiaadress on http://dbbgw.finlit.fi/henrik/index.php

  3. Ühest aia- ja pargikunstialasest raamatust Tallinna kaupmehe Martin Heinrich Gebaueri raamatukogus 18. sajandi II poolel ja sellega seonduvast / Risto Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Risto

    2012-01-01

    Tõenäoliselt oli varaloendis nimetatud teos Christian Cay Lorenz Hirschfeldi "Theorie der Gartenkunst". Tegemist oli oma ajastu moodsa teosega. Loodust ja aiandust käsitlevaid raamatuid oli Tallinna kaupmeeste ja literaatide biblioteekides teisigi. Martin Heinrich Gebaueri varaloendist

  4. Kingi lapsele noot! / Riine Pajusaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pajusaar, Riine, 1971-

    2005-01-01

    Kirjastuselt SP Muusikaprojekt ilmunud noodikogumikest lastele. Anti Marguste "Mihklist Peetrisse" (2003), Mati Kuulberg "Heatujuline koll" (2005), Alo Põldmäe "Klaveripalu lastele" (2003), Risto Laul "Puuduta tuult"

  5. Duncan Tanner Essay Prize Winner 2014. Against the 'Sacred Cow': NHS Opposition and the Fellowship for Freedom in Medicine, 1948-72.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seaton, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    This essay recovers organized opposition to the National Health Service (NHS) by considering the Fellowship for Freedom in Medicine (FFM), a conservative organization of doctors who challenged the 'Sacred Cow' of nationalized healthcare in the 1950s and 1960s. While there has been little interest in anti-NHS politics because of shortcomings in the institution's historiography, this study suggests ways a new history of the service can be written. Central to that project is taking the broader ideological and emotive quality of the NHS seriously, and appreciating the way, for all sides of the political spectrum, as well as the general public, the service has always been a contested symbol of post-war British identity. This essay argues that two NHS 'crises'--panics over costs, and disillusionment within general practice--were not merely disagreements over budgets and pay-packets but politically charged moments infused with conservative anxieties over Britain's post-war trajectory. The FFM imagined the NHS as an economically dangerous bureaucratic machine that crushed medical independence and risked pushing the country towards dictatorship. Allies within the Conservative Party, private health insurance industry, and free-market 'think-tanks' worked with the FFM to challenge defences of both the service's operation and meaning. To appreciate why the NHS remains 'the closest thing the English have to a religion', one must consider the apostates as well as the faithful.

  6. [The height target prediction by the Tanner method infra evaluates the final height in youths from the rural area of South East Spain].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ríos, Rafael; Bosch, Vicente; Santonja, Fernando; López, José Manuel; Garaulet, Marta

    2014-10-16

    Introducción: Conocer la talla final de un individuo antes de finalizar el crecimiento presenta utilidad clínica para el seguimiento de la salud infantil. Objetivo: Calcular la talla diana de una población rural del sudeste de España y comparar con la talla final alcanzada. Métodos: Fueron incluidos 50 jóvenes de 18 a 22 años (44% hombres) y 100 progenitores. La selección de los jóvenes se realizó en 2 fases: 1. Estudio retrospectivo a partir de historias clínicas. 2. Estudio prospectivo: reclutamiento y determinaciones antropométricas. Se calculó talla diana y el desvío de talla. Resultados: La talla final de los chicos fue de 4,44 cm superior a la talla diana (p.

  7. Teistsugused muinasjutud / Tiiu Jaago

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jaago, Tiiu, 1960-

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Imemuinasjutud / koostanud ja toimetanud Risto Järv, Mairi Kaasik, Kärri Toomeos-Orglaan. Tartu : Eesti Kirjandusmuuseumi Teaduskirjastus, 2009. (Monumenta Estoniae antiquae. V, Eesti muinasjutud ; I:1) ; Imemuinasjutud / koostanud: Risto Järv, Mairi Kaasik, Kärri Toomeos-Orglaan. Tartu : Eesti Kirjandusmuuseumi Teaduskirjastus, 2014. (Monumenta Estoniae antiquae. 5, Eesti muinasjutud, 1736-8928 ; 1:2)

  8. Eesti Kultuurkapitali parima tõlke ja artikli tunnustus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Ilukirjanduslik tõlge eesti keelest võõrkeelde - Heili Einasto, Lembi Loigu, Veronika Kivisilla, Risto Järv (Estonian folktales. The heavenly wedding); artiklipreemia - Aare Pilv. Lembi Loigu on Tartu Ülikooli magistrant, Risto Järv TÜ vanemteadur ja Aare Pilv TÜ doktorant

  9. Eesti Kultuurkapitali parima tõlke ja artikli tunnustus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Ilukirjanduslik tõlge eesti keelest võõrkeelde - Heili Einasto, Lembi Loigu, Veronika Kivisilla, Risto Järv (Estonian folktales. The heavenly wedding); artiklipreemia - Aare Pilv. Lembi Loigu on Tartu Ülikooli magistrant, Risto Järv TÜ vanemteadur ja Aare Pilv TÜ doktorant

  10. Dve storonõ odnogo tranzita / Eteri Kekelidze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kekelidze, Eteri, 1944-

    2007-01-01

    Transpordi- ja ekspediitorfirma Corvus Grupp omanik Risto Koovi peab erineva orientatsiooniga sadamate olemasolu Eesti tugevaks küljeks, kuid on kindel, et Eesti uutel sadamatel on kasvuks rohkem perspektiivi. Tema hinnangul vajab Muuga sadam uut operaatorit, samuti peab ta välistööjõu sissetoomist vältimatuks. Vt. samas intervjuud Risto Kooviga

  11. Dve storonõ odnogo tranzita / Eteri Kekelidze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kekelidze, Eteri, 1944-

    2007-01-01

    Transpordi- ja ekspediitorfirma Corvus Grupp omanik Risto Koovi peab erineva orientatsiooniga sadamate olemasolu Eesti tugevaks küljeks, kuid on kindel, et Eesti uutel sadamatel on kasvuks rohkem perspektiivi. Tema hinnangul vajab Muuga sadam uut operaatorit, samuti peab ta välistööjõu sissetoomist vältimatuks. Vt. samas intervjuud Risto Kooviga

  12. Konkurentsi kahjustav seosmüük. Konkurentsiameti seisukohtade kooskõla konkurentsi kahjustava seosmüügi tuvastamisel Euroopa Liidu õiguspraktikaga : [bakalaureusetöö] / Victoria Saue ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Risto Rüü

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saue, Victoria

    2010-01-01

    Seosmüügi kui turgu valitseva seisundi kuritarvitamise viisist, konkurentsi kahjustavast seosmüügi tuvastamisest EL ja Eesti õiguspraktikas, Konkurentsiameti seisukohtade kooskõlast EL õiguspraktikaga

  13. Konkurentsi kahjustav seosmüük. Konkurentsiameti seisukohtade kooskõla konkurentsi kahjustava seosmüügi tuvastamisel Euroopa Liidu õiguspraktikaga : [bakalaureusetöö] / Victoria Saue ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Risto Rüü

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saue, Victoria

    2010-01-01

    Seosmüügi kui turgu valitseva seisundi kuritarvitamise viisist, konkurentsi kahjustavast seosmüügi tuvastamisest EL ja Eesti õiguspraktikas, Konkurentsiameti seisukohtade kooskõlast EL õiguspraktikaga

  14. Kultuurilaenude supermarket ja müütiline arheoloogia / Hasso Krull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krull, Hasso, 1964-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus: Imemuinasjutud / koostanud ja toimetanud Risto Järv, Mairi Kaasik, Kärri Toomeos-Orglaan. Tartu : Eesti Kirjandusmuuseumi Teaduskirjastus, 2009.(Monumenta Estoniae antiquae. V, Eesti muinasjutud ; I:1)

  15. Põletavatest küsimustest / Laura Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Laura, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia magistrantide põlevkiviteemaline näitus "Depressioon" Rael Arteli galeriis Tartus kuni 4. veebruarini. Laura Pählapuu, Siiri Taimla, Risto Tali, Tõnu Narro, Alina Korsmiku ja Mikk Freibergi töödest

  16. Kolm võimalust, kolm kontrasti / Tiiu Levald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levald, Tiiu, 1940-

    2009-01-01

    Saaremaa ooperipäevadel Soome Kammerooperi ja Läti Rahvusooperi poolt esitatud kolmest ooperist - Ilkka Kuusisto "Vabaduse vang - Ryti, Risto, nr 236/46", R. Wagneri "Lendav Hollandlane" ja C. Puccini "Turandot"

  17. Eesti Ajaloomuuseum = Estonian History Museum

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Renoveeritud Eesti Ajaloomuuseumi Suurgildi hoone sisekujundusest ja ekspositsioonist. Sisekujundusprojekti autorid: Margit Aule (KAOS Arhitektid), Liis Lindvere (KOKO Arhitektid) ja Margit Argus (KAOS Arhitektid), loetletud nende töid. Suure saali metallpõranda autorid: Risto Tali, Rait Siska

  18. Rainer Sarnet klassikat ei karda / Liina Luhats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luhats, Liina

    2011-01-01

    Fjodor Dostojevski romaanil põhinevast Rainer Sarneti mängufilmist "Idioot". Peaosas Risto Kübar. Film osaleb 6.-14. oktoobrini toimuval Busani filmifestivali võistlusprogrammis. Rainer Sarneti kommentaarid

  19. Kinos näeb Dostojevski "Idiooti" / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2011-01-01

    12. oktoobril esilinastub Fjodor Dostojevski romaanil põhinev Rainer Sarneti mängufilm "Idioot". Peaosas Risto Kübar. Film valiti 6. oktoobril alanud Lõuna-Korea Busani rahvusvahelise filmifestivali programmi Flash Forward

  20. Kasutajasõbralik ja väga moodne / Merike Pinn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pinn, Merike, 1963-

    2000-01-01

    Ajalehe peakunstnik tutvustab 18. septembrist uue kujunduse ja formaadiga ilmuvat "Eesti Päevalehte". Kujundusgrupp: Mikael Suvi, Jaanus Koov, Villu Koskaru, Anneli Pott, Alari Paluots, Risto Bakhoff, Alvar Jaakson (lk. 6A)

  1. Lainetab, ei laineta, lainetab... / Kati Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Kati, 1984-

    2009-01-01

    Kiwa kureeritud noortenäitus "NO Wave" galeriis Vaal 9. juunini. Avamisel esines bänd Opium Flirt. Graafiline disainer Risto Kalmre. Pikemalt Ott Pilipenko installatsioonist "Surmatants" ja Jevgeni Zolotko tööst

  2. Joost ja Kotjuh said kultuuritegelase preemia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves andis 8. juunil 2011 üle SA Vabariigi Presidendi Kultuurirahastu noore kultuuritegelase preemia dirigent Risto Joostile ning eripreemia poeedile, esseistile ja tõlkijale Igor Kotjuhile

  3. Kultuurilaenude supermarket ja müütiline arheoloogia / Hasso Krull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krull, Hasso, 1964-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus: Imemuinasjutud / koostanud ja toimetanud Risto Järv, Mairi Kaasik, Kärri Toomeos-Orglaan. Tartu : Eesti Kirjandusmuuseumi Teaduskirjastus, 2009.(Monumenta Estoniae antiquae. V, Eesti muinasjutud ; I:1)

  4. Kultuurilaenude supermarket ja müütiline arheoloogia / Hasso Krull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krull, Hasso, 1964-

    2016-01-01

    Arvustus: Imemuinasjutud / koostanud ja toimetanud Risto Järv, Mairi Kaasik, Kärri Toomeos-Orglaan. Tartu : Eesti Kirjandusmuuseumi Teaduskirjastus, 2009.(Monumenta Estoniae antiquae. V, Eesti muinasjutud ; I:1)

  5. Põletavatest küsimustest / Laura Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Laura, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia magistrantide põlevkiviteemaline näitus "Depressioon" Rael Arteli galeriis Tartus kuni 4. veebruarini. Laura Pählapuu, Siiri Taimla, Risto Tali, Tõnu Narro, Alina Korsmiku ja Mikk Freibergi töödest

  6. Kinos näeb Dostojevski "Idiooti" / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2011-01-01

    12. oktoobril esilinastub Fjodor Dostojevski romaanil põhinev Rainer Sarneti mängufilm "Idioot". Peaosas Risto Kübar. Film valiti 6. oktoobril alanud Lõuna-Korea Busani rahvusvahelise filmifestivali programmi Flash Forward

  7. Joost ja Kotjuh said kultuuritegelase preemia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves andis 8. juunil 2011 üle SA Vabariigi Presidendi Kultuurirahastu noore kultuuritegelase preemia dirigent Risto Joostile ning eripreemia poeedile, esseistile ja tõlkijale Igor Kotjuhile

  8. Kirikumuusika atmosfäärid / Marju Riisikamp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riisikamp, Marju, 1958-

    2009-01-01

    Kahest kontserdist: "De profundis" 29. märtsil Tallinnas - Eesti Rahvusmeeskoor, dirigent Risto Joost, orelil Ene Salumäe. "Lamentatsioonid" sarjast "Kirikupühad Maarjamaal" 5. aprillil Tallinna Jaani kirikus - ansambel Heinavanker, orelil Mart Siimer

  9. Premia Foodsi aktsia nägi ära ajaloo madalaima taseme. Kõik kaardid suvisel kasumi kasvul / Raivo Sormunen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sormunen, Raivo, 1976-

    2011-01-01

    Premia Foodsi I kvartali kahjum oli kaks korda suurem kui aasta tagasi. Firma juhtkonnale oli I kvartali tulemus plaanipärane ning aastaprognoosides korrektiive ei ole. Juhatuse esimehe Kuldar Leisi, analüütik Risto Hundi kommentaare

  10. Tartu Keskkonnahariduse Keskuse Loodusmaja = Nature School of Tartu Environmental Education Centre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Tartu Keskkonnahariduse Keskuse Loodusmaja Lille tänav 10, valminud 2013. Arhitektuurivõistlus 2010. Arhitektid Martin Kinks, Risto Parve, Kai Süda, Margit Valma (Karisma Arhitktid), Diana Taalfeld (NU Arhitektuur). Sisearhitekt Tõnis Kalve

  11. Eesti Ajaloomuuseum = Estonian History Museum

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Renoveeritud Eesti Ajaloomuuseumi Suurgildi hoone sisekujundusest ja ekspositsioonist. Sisekujundusprojekti autorid: Margit Aule (KAOS Arhitektid), Liis Lindvere (KOKO Arhitektid) ja Margit Argus (KAOS Arhitektid), loetletud nende töid. Suure saali metallpõranda autorid: Risto Tali, Rait Siska

  12. Teadlased panevad paika kaugete esivanemate rännutee / Madis Filippov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Filippov, Madis

    2008-01-01

    Ajakirja National Geographic ja arvutifirma IBM algatatud ülemaailmsest teadusuuringust "Genographic", milles osalevad teadlased korraldasid oma iga-aastase konverentsi sedapuhku Eestis. Lisa: Postimehe ajakirjaniku Risto Berendsoni põlvnemise lugu

  13. Tartu Keskkonnahariduse Keskuse Loodusmaja = Nature School of Tartu Environmental Education Centre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Tartu Keskkonnahariduse Keskuse Loodusmaja Lille tänav 10, valminud 2013. Arhitektuurivõistlus 2010. Arhitektid Martin Kinks, Risto Parve, Kai Süda, Margit Valma (Karisma Arhitktid), Diana Taalfeld (NU Arhitektuur). Sisearhitekt Tõnis Kalve

  14. Jesli zvonjat iz KaPo / Julia Rodina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rodina, Julia

    2008-01-01

    Natsismis kahtlustatav ja kuriteos süüdistatav Risto Teinonen avas internetis lehekülje, kus nimetab kaitsepolitseid repressiivorganiks ja annab nõu kaitsepolitseiga suhtlemiseks. Kaitsepolitsei pressisekretäri Andres Kahari arvamus

  15. Tudengid noorukese Mozarti armastuse aias / Tiiu Levald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levald, Tiiu, 1940-

    2009-01-01

    Mozarti "La finta giardiniera" ("Armastuse pärast aednikuneiu") EMTA ooperistuudio ja Sümfooniaorkestri koostöös, dirigent Risto Joost, lavastaja Thomas Wiedenhofer, kunstnik Inga Vares, 4. ja 5. mail Estonia teatris

  16. Armastuse pärast ooperilavale / Virve Normet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Normet, Virve, 1940-

    2009-01-01

    Mozarti "La finta giardiniera" ("Armastuse pärast aednikuneiu") EMTA ooperistuudio ja Sümfooniaorkestri koostöös, dirigent Risto Joost, lavastaja Thomas Wiedenhofer, kunstnik Inga Vares, 4. ja 5. mail Estonia teatris

  17. Justification and reciprocity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2009-01-01

    This chapter argues in discussion with John Milbank, Risto Saarinen, and Ingolf U. Dalferth for the idea of "purified gift-exchange" as a better alternative to "pure gift" in understanding the doctrine of justificaiton.......This chapter argues in discussion with John Milbank, Risto Saarinen, and Ingolf U. Dalferth for the idea of "purified gift-exchange" as a better alternative to "pure gift" in understanding the doctrine of justificaiton....

  18. Ester Tuiksoo: Tuvi tänava korter võlus oma hea asukohaga / Ester Tuiksoo ; interv. Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuiksoo, Ester, 1965-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 11. okt. 2007, lk. 3. Parlamendiliige vastab küsimustele Tullio Liblikult üüritava korteri kohta. Vt. samas: Risto Berendson, Tuuli Koch. Maadevahetuses kahtlustatav üürib Tuiksoole odavalt korterit; Risto Berendsoni intervjuu Tullio Liblikuga: Tullio Liblik: eelistasin Estrit üürnikuna vana tutvuse pärast. Lisa: Tullio Liblik; Rahvaliit kutsub Villu Reiljani kapo-komisjonist tagasi

  19. μ-Oxalato-bis[bis(triphenylphosphinecopper(I] dichloromethane disolvateATR dedicates this paper to the honor of Professor S. Peter Tanner for rekindling a love of inorganic chemistry.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew D. Royappa

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The dinuclear molecule of the title compound, [Cu2(C2O4(C18H15P4]·2CH2Cl2, lies across an inversion center with a strictly planar bridging oxalate ligand coordinating two CuI ions via two pairs of O atoms. Two triphenylphosphine ligands also coordinate each symmetry-related CuI ion, resulting in a distorted tetrahedral geometry [O—Cu—O = 80.57 (5° and P—Cu—P = 125.72 (2°]. In the crystal, there are two dichloromethane solvent molecules for each dinuclear complex.

  20. Análisis del problema conjugado de transferencia de calor en un microcanal para un flujo electro-ósmotico de un fluido con modelo reológico Phan-Thien Tanner /

    OpenAIRE

    Escandón Colin, Juan Pablo

    2011-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Ingeniería Mecánica, presenta Juan Pablo Escandón Colin ; asesor Oscar Eladio Bautista Godínez. ii, 116 páginas : ilustraciones. Doctorado en Ingeniería Mecánica UNAM, Facultad de Ingeniería, 2011

  1. AFSC/RACE/SAP/Foy: Seawater chemistry of three pH treatments used to test the effect of pH on Tanner crab biology: Kodiak Island, Alaska.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To study the effects of ocean acidification we examined the effects of ocean acidification on the embryo and larval stages of the economically important southern...

  2. NPRB 1117 Cooperative research to develop new trawl footrope designs to reduce mortality of southern Tanner and snow crabs (Chionoecetes bairdi and C. opilio) incidental to Bering Sea bottom trawl fisheries

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Alaska’s Bering Sea is home to some of the world’s most productive groundfish and crab stocks and the fisheries that depend on them. Their spatial overlap creates...

  3. Sperm characteristics in a sample of healthy adolescents in São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Mitsuyoshi Mori

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available The article presents preliminary data from a prospective investigation in a sample of healthy 14-17-year-old students from a technical school in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Ninety-six Tanner stage 5 and thirty-one Tanner stage 4 adolescents were evaluated: testicular volume was measured using a Prader orchidometer, and semen analysis was performed according to standard procedures. Median testicular volume was 20.0ml among Tanner 5 students and 15.0ml in Tanner 4 students in both the right and left testes. No significant differences were found in sperm volume or motility. Median concentration was 66.0 million/ml for Tanner 5 and 47.0 million/ml for Tanner 4 subjects. Morphological patterns showed abnormal forms in 81.9% of Tanner 5 and 93.6% of Tanner 4 adolescents. Oligospermia (sperm concentration < 5 million/ml was observed in 7.3% of Tanner stage 5 and 12.9% of Tanner stage 4 individuals. Azoospermia was observed in 3 students (1.8%, with counts less than 1.0 in 8 students (4.8%. The authors discuss the observed results, analyzing the potential implications arising from biological development and potential environmental exposures.

  4. Kas noorus on hukas? / Kaido Soorsk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soorsk, Kaido, 1973-

    2008-01-01

    Suurbritannia Mehaanikainseneride Ühingu (Institution of Mechanical Engineers) korraldataval iga-aastasel tootearendusvõistlusel masinaehituse- ning autotehnika eriala tudengitele saavutas Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli ja Tallinna Tehnikakõrgkooli tudengite ehitatud vormelauto 2007. a. klassis III 4. koha, 2008. a. klassis I parima uustulnuka tiitli ja 13. koha. Festo 8-st. Juhendasid õppejõud Risto Kõiv ja Janek Luppin

  5. müüa monument, sobib ka perverdi öökapile / Kivisildnik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivisildnik, pseud., 1964-

    2010-01-01

    Tutvustus: Imemuinasjutud / Tartu Ülikooli eesti ja võrdleva rahvaluule osakond, Eesti Kirjandusmuuseumi Eesti rahvaluule arhiiv ; koostanud ja toimetanud Risto Järv, Mairi Kaasik, Kärri Toomeos-Orglaan ; tekstid redigeerinud Paul Hagu ja Kanni Labi. Tartu : Eesti Kirjandusmuuseumi Teaduskirjastus, 2009. (Monumenta Estoniae antiquae. V, Eesti muinasjutud = Fabulae populares Estonicae, 1736-8928 ; I:1)

  6. Saku tüüpmaja 1x1 / Tiit Sild

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sild, Tiit, 1977-

    2013-01-01

    Eramu-tüüpmajast Sakus. Arhitektid Risto Parve ja Kai Süda (Karisma Arhitektid). Ehitusaeg: 2011 juuni - 2012 juuni. Eesti eramuarhitektuurist. Arhitektuurikaubamaja.ee veebikeskkonna kaudu saab klient osta tüüpmaja projekti ja täislahenduse

  7. Algab sari "Kontserdid Kunstihoones". Bachi "Jõuluoratoorium" Jaani kirikutes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Soprani Kersti-Ala Murri ja akordionisti Jaak Lutsoja kontserdist Eesti Interpreetide Liidu korraldatava kontserdisarja "Kontserdid Kunstihoones" raames 21. dets. Tallinna Kunstihoone suures saalis. J. S. Bachi "Jõuluoratooriumi" ettekandest 28. dets. Tartu Jaani kirikus ja 29. dets. Tallinna Jaani kirikus (esinevad kammerkoor Voices Musicales solistidega ja Corelli Barokkorkester, dirigent Risto Joost)

  8. Muusikauudiseid maailmast / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2015-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid maailmast: Londonis kuulutati välja aasta ooperiauhinnad. Philip Glass pälvis Glenn Gouldi preemia. Neil Shicoff asub juhtima Mihhailovski teatrit. Metsosopran Tuuri Tede edu Sibeliuse konkursil. Risto Joost Malko konkursil neljas. Julia Wolfe pälvis Pulitzeri preemia. Bachi kuulus portree jõudis Leipzigisse

  9. Poolsajandi õnnesoovid Jaak Aaviksoole / Ain Heinaru, Jaak Kangilaski, Tõnu Lehtsaar...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Mõtteid Tartu Ülikooli rektorist tema 50. sünnipäeva puhul : Ain Heinaru, Jaak Kangilaski, Tõnu Lehtsaar, Indrek Reimand, Toomas Kiho, Leelo Kriisa, Peeter Olesk, Risto Tammelo, Birute Klaas, Peeter Saari, Andrus Ansip, Mait Klaassen, Marika Kullamaa, Kaupo Bend

  10. Ärge rämpsu rohkem tooge! / Merike Pitk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pitk, Merike, 1959-

    2005-01-01

    Kuressaare haigla lükkas tagasi Soome annetajate Kati ja Risto Tarima abipakkumise. Kommenteerivad Tallinna Lastehaigla Toetusfondi juhatuse esimees Inna Kramer, Kärdla haigla juht Gennadi Aavik, Läänemaa haigla peaarst Tõnis Siir ja Tervishoiuameti järelevalve osakonna juhataja Peeter Mardna. Vastuseks vt. 10. veebr. Maalehte lk. 5

  11. Hitleri rolli taga on salajane lindistus marssali juubelilt / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2005-01-01

    Mängufilm Teise maailmasõja viimastest päevadest Berliinis, peategelaseks Adolf Hitler - "Allakäik" ("Der Untergang") : režissöör Oliver Hirschbiegel : Saksamaa 2004. Hitleri rolli jaoks oli Bruno Ganzile suureks abiks salajane lindistus Hitleri, Soome presidendi Risto Ryti ja marssal Mannerheimi vestlusest viimase juubelil 1942.a.

  12. Algab sari "Kontserdid Kunstihoones". Bachi "Jõuluoratoorium" Jaani kirikutes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Soprani Kersti-Ala Murri ja akordionisti Jaak Lutsoja kontserdist Eesti Interpreetide Liidu korraldatava kontserdisarja "Kontserdid Kunstihoones" raames 21. dets. Tallinna Kunstihoone suures saalis. J. S. Bachi "Jõuluoratooriumi" ettekandest 28. dets. Tartu Jaani kirikus ja 29. dets. Tallinna Jaani kirikus (esinevad kammerkoor Voices Musicales solistidega ja Corelli Barokkorkester, dirigent Risto Joost)

  13. Tallinn Virtual University / Maiki Voore

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Voore, Maiki, 1983-

    2009-01-01

    Tallinna Ülikoolis esitleti projekti Tallinna Virtuaalne Ülikool, mille eesmärk on teha internetikeskkonnas kättesaadavaks avalike loengute salvestusi, vestlusi õppejõududega ning seminaride, suvekoolide ja konverentside materjale. Tallinna Ülikooli rektori Rein Raua ja projekti tutvustanud Tarmo Jüristo arvamused Tallinna Virtuaalse Ülikooli projekti kohta

  14. Dohodnõi biznes s rodstvennikami, ili nedvizhimost ljubit sudebnõh ispolnitelei / Piret Reiljan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reiljan, Piret, 1983-

    2008-01-01

    Pärnu kohtutäiturile Rannar Liitmaale esitatud süüdistusest, et ta rikkus enampakkumisele läinud vara lähikondlastele müües erapooletuse nõuet. Lisatud: kohtutäiturid ostavad ja müüvad kinnisvara : Priit Petter ja Risto Sepp

  15. Starker einstand mit "Elias" / Frauke Adrians

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Adrians, Frauke

    2015-01-01

    Kesk-Saksa Ringhäälingu (MDR) koori uuest kunstilisest juhist Risto Joostist. Gewandhausi kontserdisaalis ettekandele tulnud Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy oratooriumist „Elias“ . Oratooriumi üheks esitajaiks oli Eesti lauljatar Annely Peebo (metsosopran). Artiklis mainitakse MDR-i sümfooniaorkestri kunstilist juhti Kristjan Järvit ja Eesti heliloojat Arvo Pärti.

  16. On igatahes kindel, et kui teatrikooli lõpetad, siis antakse sulle võimalus / Brigitta Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Brigitta, 1983-

    2006-01-01

    Kohtumiselt Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia lavakunstikooli XXII lennu lõpetajatega - Britta Vahur, Veiko Tubin, Mari-Liis Lill, Risto Kübar, Mihkel Kabel, Markus Luik, Tõnn Lamp, Laura Peterson, Lauri Lagle, Ragne Pekarev, Inga Salurand, Sergo Vares, Martin Kõiv, Ursula Rataseppa, Nero Urke. Arvamust lõpetajate kohta avaldavad ka kursuse juhendaja Priit Pedajas ja õppejõud Anu Lamp

  17. Vastutada lustides ja vastupidi / interv. Eva-Liisa Linder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Lavakunstikooli XXII lend räägib kooliajast, õpetajatest ja õppetööst. Kõnelevad Mihkel Kabel, Martin Kõiv, Risto Kübar, Lauri Lagle, Tõnn Lamp, Mari-Liis Lill, Markus Luik, Ragne Pekarev, Laura Peterson, Ursula Ratasepp, Inga Salurand, Veiko Tubin, Nero Urke, Britta Vahur ja Sergo Vares

  18. Sinimustvalgus ja inimnäoline minister / Mart Ummelas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ummelas, Mart, 1953-

    2010-01-01

    Autori arvamus kaitseminister Jaak Aaviksoo Tartu rahu aastapäeval peetud kõne kohta kirjutatud artiklitest: Jüristo, Tarmo. Eesti rahvusliku tahte triumf? // Postimees (2010) 9. veebr., lk. 12 ; Kiho, Toomas. Minister või inimnäoline hai? // Postimees (2010) 12. veebr., lk. 13

  19. Tartu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Vestlus noorte graafikutega nende õpingutest, tööst graafilise disain alal, disainist, disainist Tartus - Peeter Paasmäe (1963), Andres Rõhu (1965), Mari Ainsoo (1975), Martin Lazarev ehk Lazer (1977), Martin Rästa ehk Mammut (1980), Lauri Järvlepp ehk Mõmmar (1980) ja rühmitus D'Art: Risto Kalmre (1982), Pent Talvet (1983), Timo Toots (1982)

  20. Ärge rämpsu rohkem tooge! / Merike Pitk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pitk, Merike, 1959-

    2005-01-01

    Kuressaare haigla lükkas tagasi Soome annetajate Kati ja Risto Tarima abipakkumise. Kommenteerivad Tallinna Lastehaigla Toetusfondi juhatuse esimees Inna Kramer, Kärdla haigla juht Gennadi Aavik, Läänemaa haigla peaarst Tõnis Siir ja Tervishoiuameti järelevalve osakonna juhataja Peeter Mardna. Vastuseks vt. 10. veebr. Maalehte lk. 5

  1. Soome ja Eesti : lähedased kauged / Imbi Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Imbi, 1959-

    2008-01-01

    Soome-Venemaa suhetest. Artiklis on juttu ka Eesti välispoliitika ja president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kritiseerimisest Soomes. Soome majandus- ja poliitikafoorumi direktori Risto E. J. Penttilä ja parlamendiliikme Heidi Hautala seisukohti. Ilmunud ka: Eesti Elu 19. sept. 2008, lk. 5

  2. Ajakiri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Eesti ajakirjade kujundajad Tiit Lepp, Rein Seppius, Margus Tammik, Risto Kalmre, Ülar Linnuste, Eli Üksküla, Kaido Soorsk, Alo Soola, Inga Leesment, Indrek Loit, Indrek Ude, Ingrid Kohtla, Advig Stahl-Eisel, Virge Ilves ja Tõnu Kaalep oma tööst. Tõnu Kaalep ajakirjakujundusest Eestis

  3. Puitsillad Saudi Araabiasse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Projektbüroo AS Resandi osalusel on rajatud Saudi Araabiasse Jiddahi kaheksa puidust jalgteesilda: kuus talasilda ja kaks kaarsilda. Ideekavandi valmistab ette Risto Mäkipuro, OÜ NuvoEst. Inseneriarvutused ja silla projekt tehakse AS-s Resand (insenerid Ragnar Pabort, Alar Just). Silla detailid valmistatakse Soomes. Ill: 2 joonist, värv. foto

  4. Tartu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Vestlus noorte graafikutega nende õpingutest, tööst graafilise disain alal, disainist, disainist Tartus - Peeter Paasmäe (1963), Andres Rõhu (1965), Mari Ainsoo (1975), Martin Lazarev ehk Lazer (1977), Martin Rästa ehk Mammut (1980), Lauri Järvlepp ehk Mõmmar (1980) ja rühmitus D'Art: Risto Kalmre (1982), Pent Talvet (1983), Timo Toots (1982)

  5. Tallinn Virtual University / Maiki Voore

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Voore, Maiki, 1983-

    2009-01-01

    Tallinna Ülikoolis esitleti projekti Tallinna Virtuaalne Ülikool, mille eesmärk on teha internetikeskkonnas kättesaadavaks avalike loengute salvestusi, vestlusi õppejõududega ning seminaride, suvekoolide ja konverentside materjale. Tallinna Ülikooli rektori Rein Raua ja projekti tutvustanud Tarmo Jüristo arvamused Tallinna Virtuaalse Ülikooli projekti kohta

  6. Võru saab tähtpäevaks omapärase skulptuuri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Võru linna 220. sünnipäevaks augustis peaks valmima monument "Lamav sõbralikkus". Figuur valmistatakse pinnasest, teda hakkab katma muru ja väike igihali, kivid figuuri embusse paigutavad Võru sõpruslinnade esindajad. Idee autor Andrus Needo, haljastuse kujundaja Risto Aim

  7. Eesti skatepark'ide ehitajad murravad piiri taha / Priit Pullerits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pullerits, Priit, 1965-

    2004-01-01

    Tartu Ülikoolis majanduseriala lõpetanud Mario ja Eesti Kunstiakadeemias õppivast Risto Kalmrest, kes on tuntud rulasõitjatele, trikirattureile ja rulluisutajaile skatepark'ide disainijate-ehitajatena. Neli aastat tagasi valmis Simpeli skatepark Tartus Tähtveres, juulis valmib skaterpark Vilniuses ja valmis Tallinna lauluväljakul, ehitama hakatakse skatepark'i Rocca al Mare kaubanduskeskuse lähedale

  8. Muusikauudiseid maailmast / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2015-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid maailmast: Londonis kuulutati välja aasta ooperiauhinnad. Philip Glass pälvis Glenn Gouldi preemia. Neil Shicoff asub juhtima Mihhailovski teatrit. Metsosopran Tuuri Tede edu Sibeliuse konkursil. Risto Joost Malko konkursil neljas. Julia Wolfe pälvis Pulitzeri preemia. Bachi kuulus portree jõudis Leipzigisse

  9. Hitleri rolli taga on salajane lindistus marssali juubelilt / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2005-01-01

    Mängufilm Teise maailmasõja viimastest päevadest Berliinis, peategelaseks Adolf Hitler - "Allakäik" ("Der Untergang") : režissöör Oliver Hirschbiegel : Saksamaa 2004. Hitleri rolli jaoks oli Bruno Ganzile suureks abiks salajane lindistus Hitleri, Soome presidendi Risto Ryti ja marssal Mannerheimi vestlusest viimase juubelil 1942.a.

  10. Starker einstand mit "Elias" / Frauke Adrians

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Adrians, Frauke

    2015-01-01

    Kesk-Saksa Ringhäälingu (MDR) koori uuest kunstilisest juhist Risto Joostist. Gewandhausi kontserdisaalis ettekandele tulnud Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy oratooriumist „Elias“ . Oratooriumi üheks esitajaiks oli Eesti lauljatar Annely Peebo (metsosopran). Artiklis mainitakse MDR-i sümfooniaorkestri kunstilist juhti Kristjan Järvit ja Eesti heliloojat Arvo Pärti.

  11. Anthropometric Measurements, Serum Reproductive Hormonal Levels and Sexual Development among Boys in the Rural Western Cape, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Mao

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Data on growth and sexual maturation among boys from the rural Western Cape in South Africa is limited. A cross-sectional study of 269 school boys was conducted testing for serum luteinizing hormone (LH, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH, testosterone, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG and estradiol (E2; height, weight and body mass index (BMI; sexual maturity (using Tanner Stages and a questionnaire (demographic and medical history. The median age at pubertal onset (Tanner Stage 2 and Tanner Stage 5 was 11.6 and 14.7 years, respectively. The median testicular volume was 5.5 mL at Tanner Stage 2 increasing from 2.5 mL at Tanner Stage 1 to 14.7 mL at Tanner Stage 5. Height and weight measurements were <25th & 50th percentile references at Tanner Stages 1–3. Controlling for confounders, serum FSH and LH increased (p < 0.05 from Tanner Stage 1 to 4 (by 4.1 and 3 mL respectively, and serum testosterone and estradiol increased after Tanner Stage 2 (by 12.7 nmol/L and 59.5 pmol/L respectively. These results indicate some delays in pubertal development of boys in the rural Western Cape when compared to boys from other settings possibly due to nutritional, socio-economic and environmental exposures. Changes in serum hormone levels were consistent with other populations. Initiatives to improve nutrition amongst Western Cape rural communities are recommended.

  12. Architectural Survey of Pence Elementary School, Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    School, Cunningham, Tennessee (Sanders)............................ 16 Figure 15. Disney School site plan (Tanner 2006, 16...17 Figure 16. Disney School open classroom (Tanner 2006, 17...heat- ing, toilet facilities , and fire safety created much nicer environments for the students (Graves 1993, 25). Still, schools were basically stacks

  13. Genome-wide screening in human growth plates during puberty in one patient suggests a role for RUNX2 in epiphyseal maturation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Emons, Joyce; Dutilh, Bas E.; Decker, Eva; Pirzer, Heide; Sticht, Carsten; Gretz, Norbert; Rappold, Gudrun; Cameron, Ewan R.; Neil, James C.; Stein, Gary S.; Wijnen, van Andre J.; Wit, Jan Maarten; Post, Janine N.; Karperien, Marcel

    2011-01-01

    In late puberty, estrogen decelerates bone growth by stimulating growth plate maturation. In this study, we analyzed the mechanism of estrogen action using two pubertal growth plate specimens of one girl at Tanner stage B2 and Tanner stage B3. Histological analysis showed that progression of puberty

  14. Genome-wide screening in human growth plates during puberty in one patient suggests a role for RUNX2 in epiphyseal maturation.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Emons, J.; Dutilh, B.E.; Decker, E.; Pirzer, H.; Sticht, C.; Gretz, N.; Rappold, G.; Cameron, E.R.; Neil, J.C.; Stein, G.S.; Wijnen, A.J. van; Wit, J.M.; Post, J.N.; Karperien, M.

    2011-01-01

    In late puberty, estrogen decelerates bone growth by stimulating growth plate maturation. In this study, we analyzed the mechanism of estrogen action using two pubertal growth plate specimens of one girl at Tanner stage B2 and Tanner stage B3. Histological analysis showed that progression of puberty

  15. Betooniühingu tudengipreemiad jagatud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Betooniühingu 2007. aasta üliõpilaspreemiad pälvisid: Aivars Alt tööga "Betoonitööde tehnoloogia analüüs TTP kontorihoone ehitamise näitel"; Tõnis Raatma tööga "Arvutusprogramm pingebetoontala kande- ja kasutuspiirseisundi kontrollimiseks"; Madis Madal ja Risto Klaassen tööga "Ümbertöödeldud betooni kasutamine ehituses"

  16. Uudised

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Helilooja Ilkka Kuusisto kammerooperist Soome presidendist Risto Rytist "Vabaduse vang" (lavastaja Kalle Holmberg, esietendub 1. juulil Huittises). Instrumentaalse kuulamis- ja tantsumuusikaga kogumikplaadist "Audio" plaadifirmalt Legendaarne Records. Rockansambli Ultima Thule 20. tegutsemisaastat tähistavastest kontsertidest 26. veebr. Vene Draamateatris, 27. veebr. Jõhvi Kontserdimajas, 28. veebr. Vanemuise väikses majas ja 2. märtsil Tallinna klubis Rock Café. Briti popduo Pet Shop Boys'i kontserdist maailmaturnee "Fundamental" raames 2. mail Tallinnas Saku Suurhallis

  17. Muusikauudiseid maailmast / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2014-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid maailmast: Franco Zeffirelli tülis La Scalaga. Rooma ooperi peadirigendiks sai Eivind Gullberg Jensen. Berliini Filharmoonikud uut peadirigenti valimas. Cecilia Bartoli ja atonaalne muusika. Pianist Dejan Lazic palus Google'is eemaldada negatiivse arvustuse. Arvo Pärt valiti Rahvusvahelise Uue Muusika Ühingu auliikmeks. Grigori Sokolov sõlmis lepingu Deutsche Grammophoniga. Mure Pleyeli saali tuleviku pärast. Risto Joost MDR raadikoori kunstiliseks juhiks. Youtube tasuliseks

  18. Selgusid kirjanduse aastapreemiate saajad / Rein Veidemann ; komment. Karl Martin Sinijärv, Viivi Luik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemiad: Kristiina Ehini luulekogu "Kaitseala" ja Jürgen Rooste luulekogu "Ilusaks inimeseks", Piret Raud "Sanna ja salakütid", Merle Karusoo näidend "Misjonärid", Madis Kõivu artiklikogumik "Luhta-minek". Tõlkepreemiad tõlkijatele Anu Saluäär, Heili Einasto, Lembi Loigu, Veronika Kivisilla, Risto Järv. Vabaauhind Käbi Laretei. Artiklipreemia Aare Pilv. Venekeelse autori kirjandusauhind Gohar Markosjan-Käsper, Svetlan Semenenko

  19. Suurim kliendiinfo leke kindlustuses / Sten-Aleks Pihlak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihlak, Sten-Aleks

    2008-01-01

    Eesti suurimat kindlustusmaaklerit Iizi kahtlustatakse koos IT-arendusfirmaga Indium Eesti kindlustusturu suurimas infolekkes. Vt. samas: Intervjuu OÜ Indium juhi Indrek Soomestega. IT-mees: minul oli väike osa; kommenteerivad Sergei Vahnitski, Risto Rossar, Enn Saar; Algis Suik. Lisa: Infolekke skeem; Kuidas sündmused arenesid. Vt. lisaks: IIZI kindlustusfirmal lasub kahtlus. Algatati kriminaalmenetlus. Äripäev 16. juuli lk. 11

  20. Method and apparatus using selected superparamagnetic labels for rapid quantification of immunochromatographic tests

    OpenAIRE

    Vuento, Matti

    2009-01-01

    Mika PA Laitinen1, Jari Salmela2, Leona Gilbert1, Risto Kaivola1, Topi Tikkala2, Christian Oker-Blom1, Jukka Pekola3, Matti Vuento11Department of Biological and Environmental Science; 2Department of Physics, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland; 3Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, Helsinki, FinlandAbstract: A rapid method and instrumentation for quantification of immunochromatographic tests (ICT) are described. The princip...

  1. Jalgrattanädal väntab linna rattarikkaks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    1.-5. juunini toimuvast Tallinna jalgrattanädalast, mille avab paremate jalgrattateede teemaline seminar ja mille tähtsündmuseks on 2.-4. juunini toimuv Bicycle Film Festival kinos Artis ja NO99 Põhuteatris. Programmi on valitud ka lühifilm "Simpel Dream" (Eesti, 2011) trikirattur Kristjan Aasmäest. Tutvustab Tallinna jalgrattanädala peakorraldaja Risto Kalmre

  2. Parima ulmeteose kirjutas Kivirähk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Ulmeauhind Stalker 2008 - tõlkeromaan: Martin, George R. R. Troonide mäng / tlk. Mario Kivistik; tõlkejutt: Card, Orson Scott. Kuninglik liha; algupärane raamat: Kivirähk, Andrus. Mees, kes teadis ussisõnu; algupärane jutt: Veskimees, Siim. Keskpäevapimedus; parim eesti autori jutt: Risto, Taivo. Laatsaruse rahamasin. Vt. ka Looming, 2008, nr. 8, lk. 1271

  3. "Eesti mõisad" avakontsert toimub Vasalemma koolis / Anneli Remme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Remme, Anneli, 1968-

    2009-01-01

    Agentuuri Corelli Music korraldatava heategeva sarja "Eesti mõisad 2009" avakontserdist 14. augustil Vasalemma mõisakoolis, kus Johann Sebastian Bachi muusikat esitavad Andres Kaljuste (viiul), Risto Joost (kontratenor) ja ansambli Corelli Consort liikmed Villu Vihermäe (tšello) ning Lembit Orgse (klavessiin). Mõisa ajaloost räägib Jüri Kuuskemaa. Agentuuri Corelli Music suveüritustest

  4. Kuidas me läksime Euroopa Liitu / Dorel Käosaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käosaar, Dorel

    2004-01-01

    Ülevaade Eesti politseiametnike tegevusest liitumisläbirääkimistel ja õigusaktide vastavusse viimisel Euroopa Liidu justiits- ja siseküsimusi reguleeriva õigustikuga. Vt. samas: Liitumisläbirääkimiste 24. peatükk - justiits- ja siseküsimused. Lisa: Ettevalmistused Euroopa Liitu astumiseks. Kommenteerivad Jana Napa, Jüri Kasesalu, Heete Simm, Ulvi Põllu, Risto Kasemäe, Varmo Rein, Elina Rikken ja Piret Palusoo

  5. Muusikauudiseid maailmast / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2014-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid maailmast: Franco Zeffirelli tülis La Scalaga. Rooma ooperi peadirigendiks sai Eivind Gullberg Jensen. Berliini Filharmoonikud uut peadirigenti valimas. Cecilia Bartoli ja atonaalne muusika. Pianist Dejan Lazic palus Google'is eemaldada negatiivse arvustuse. Arvo Pärt valiti Rahvusvahelise Uue Muusika Ühingu auliikmeks. Grigori Sokolov sõlmis lepingu Deutsche Grammophoniga. Mure Pleyeli saali tuleviku pärast. Risto Joost MDR raadikoori kunstiliseks juhiks. Youtube tasuliseks

  6. Eesti chalmeristide hubane tervitusõhtu Göteborgis / Kaarel Rand ; foto: Kaarel Rand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rand, Kaarel

    2008-01-01

    chalmeristide traditsioonilisel tervitusõhtul viibisid: Mart Mägi, Enno Abel, Eva Abel, Siim Saarlo, Eva Talve, Risto Vahtra, Kati Nikopensius, Margit Vallikivi, Margit Rästas, Kevin Valdek, Hendrik Voll, Andres Sampka, Mait Märdin, Tõnis Hõbejõgi, Mari-Liis Maripuu, Rünno Allikivi, Märt Kalmo, Kadri-Ann Valgeväli, Eva Kessler, Alar Ainla ja Kaarel Rand

  7. HALKEAMIEN SYNTY THERMOWOOD-PROSESSISSA

    OpenAIRE

    Skantsi, Mirva

    2009-01-01

    TIIVISTELMÄ KYMENLAAKSON AMMATTIKORKEAKOULU Puutekniikan osasto SKANTSI, MIRVA Halkeamien synty ThermoWood-prosessissa Työn ohjaaja diplomi insinööri Risto Jääskeläinen Insinöörityö 27 sivua + 10 liitesivua Toimeksiantaja Stora Enso Timber, Kotkan saha Joulukuu 2009 Avainsanat kuivaus, ThermoWood-käsittely, halkeamat Tämän tutkimuksen tarkoituksena oli selvittää ThermoWoodissa esiintyvien halkeamien synty. Toimeksianto tuli Stora Enso Timber...

  8. Pärnu Keskraamatukogu hoone / Markus Kaasik, Andres Ojari, Ilmar Valdur...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    1., 2., 3. korruse ja asendiplaan, joonis, 4 värv. välisvaadet; fotod: Tiit Veermäe; projekteerija: Kolm Pluss Üks arhitektid; autorid: Markus Kaasik, Andres Ojari, Ilmar Valdur, Kalle Komissarov (võistlus 1999-2002), Mihkel Tüür (võistlus 1999), kaasa töötasid: Risto Parve, Pirko Võmma, Merje Müürisepp, Indrek Tiigi, Kaisa Lillemets; konstruktor: Pike; arhitektuurikonkurss: 1999., 1. preemia

  9. Understanding Formation and Structure of Peptide Nanofibers via Steered MD Simulations

    OpenAIRE

    Engin, Özge; Özgür, Beytullah; Sayar, Mehmet

    2012-01-01

    We suggest that antiparallel b-sheet structure might represent a distinctive sig-nature of amyloid oligomers (Cerf et al, Biochem J, 2009, 421:415-23) under-lying their common pathogenic action. 2236-Pos Board B6 Amyloid Beta Peptide: The Influence of Intrinsic Factors on Fibril Formation Risto Cukalevski1, Birgitta Frohm1, Barry Boland2, Sara Linse1. 1Lund University, Lund, Sweden, 2University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most co...

  10. Uudised

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Helilooja Ilkka Kuusisto kammerooperist Soome presidendist Risto Rytist "Vabaduse vang" (lavastaja Kalle Holmberg, esietendub 1. juulil Huittises). Instrumentaalse kuulamis- ja tantsumuusikaga kogumikplaadist "Audio" plaadifirmalt Legendaarne Records. Rockansambli Ultima Thule 20. tegutsemisaastat tähistavastest kontsertidest 26. veebr. Vene Draamateatris, 27. veebr. Jõhvi Kontserdimajas, 28. veebr. Vanemuise väikses majas ja 2. märtsil Tallinna klubis Rock Café. Briti popduo Pet Shop Boys'i kontserdist maailmaturnee "Fundamental" raames 2. mail Tallinnas Saku Suurhallis

  11. Parima ulmeteose kirjutas Kivirähk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Ulmeauhind Stalker 2008 - tõlkeromaan: Martin, George R. R. Troonide mäng / tlk. Mario Kivistik; tõlkejutt: Card, Orson Scott. Kuninglik liha; algupärane raamat: Kivirähk, Andrus. Mees, kes teadis ussisõnu; algupärane jutt: Veskimees, Siim. Keskpäevapimedus; parim eesti autori jutt: Risto, Taivo. Laatsaruse rahamasin. Vt. ka Looming, 2008, nr. 8, lk. 1271

  12. "Eesti mõisad" avakontsert toimub Vasalemma koolis / Anneli Remme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Remme, Anneli, 1968-

    2009-01-01

    Agentuuri Corelli Music korraldatava heategeva sarja "Eesti mõisad 2009" avakontserdist 14. augustil Vasalemma mõisakoolis, kus Johann Sebastian Bachi muusikat esitavad Andres Kaljuste (viiul), Risto Joost (kontratenor) ja ansambli Corelli Consort liikmed Villu Vihermäe (tšello) ning Lembit Orgse (klavessiin). Mõisa ajaloost räägib Jüri Kuuskemaa. Agentuuri Corelli Music suveüritustest

  13. Simm, Teinonen lose honors / Jana Belugina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Belugina, Jana

    2009-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves otsustas võtta ära Valgetähe IV klassi teenetemärgi Herman Simmilt, kelle suhtes on jõustunud süüdimõistev kohtuotsus riigireetmises. Samuti otsustas riigipea võtta ära Maarjamaa Risti V klassi teenetemärgi Risto Teinonenilt, kes kandis Eesti Vabariigi teenetemärki koos Eestit okupeerinud riigi sümboolikaga

  14. Jalgrattanädal väntab linna rattarikkaks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    1.-5. juunini toimuvast Tallinna jalgrattanädalast, mille avab paremate jalgrattateede teemaline seminar ja mille tähtsündmuseks on 2.-4. juunini toimuv Bicycle Film Festival kinos Artis ja NO99 Põhuteatris. Programmi on valitud ka lühifilm "Simpel Dream" (Eesti, 2011) trikirattur Kristjan Aasmäest. Tutvustab Tallinna jalgrattanädala peakorraldaja Risto Kalmre

  15. Impact of pubertal development on endothelial function and arterial elasticity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marlatt, Kara L; Steinberger, Julia; Dengel, Donald R; Sinaiko, Alan; Moran, Antoinette; Chow, Lisa S; Steffen, Lyn M; Zhou, Xia; Kelly, Aaron S

    2013-11-01

    Little is known about the relation of pubertal development on endothelial function and arterial elasticity in children and adolescents; therefore, we compared brachial artery flow-mediated dilation and carotid artery elasticity across Tanner (pubertal) stages in children and adolescents. Blood pressure, fasting lipids, glucose and insulin, body fat, insulin sensitivity adjusted for lean body mass, brachial flow-mediated dilation (percent dilation and area under the curve), endothelium-independent dilation (peak dilation and area under the curve), and carotid artery elasticity were evaluated across pubertal stages (Tanner I vs Tanner II-IV vs Tanner V) in 344 children and adolescents (184 males, 160 females; ages 6 to 21 years). One hundred twenty-four subjects (mean age 8.23 ± 0.15 years; 52 females) were Tanner stage I; 105 subjects (mean age 13.19 ± 0.17 years; 47 females) were Tanner stages II-IV; and 115 subjects (mean age 17.19 ± 0.16 years; 61 females) were Tanner stage V. There were no significant differences for any of the measures of vascular structure and function across pubertal stages. Results of the current study indicate that smooth-muscle and endothelial function, as well as carotid artery elasticity, do not differ throughout pubertal development and that accounting for pubertal stage when reporting vascular data in children and adolescents may be unnecessary. Copyright © 2013 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. 75 FR 56485 - Groundfish Fisheries of the Exclusive Economic Zone Off Alaska; Bering Sea/Aleutian Islands Crab...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-16

    ... for Bering Sea/Aleutian Islands King and Tanner Crabs (FMP). The FMP was prepared by the North Pacific... recordkeeping requirements. Dated: September 13, 2010. Eric C. Schwaab, Assistant Administrator for...

  17. 75 FR 48298 - Groundfish Fisheries of the Exclusive Economic Zone Off Alaska; Bering Sea/Aleutian Islands Crab...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-10

    ... fisheries under the Fishery Management Plan for Bering Sea/Aleutian Islands King and Tanner Crabs (FMP). The...: August 4, 2010. Eric C. Schwaab, Assistant Administrator for Fisheries, National Marine Fisheries...

  18. Physical profile data from CTD casts from the RV Medeia in the coastal waters of Southeast Alaska in support of the SE Alaska Red King Crab Survey from 09 June 2010 to 21 July 2010 (NCEI Accession 0066061)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Alaska Department of Fish and Game conducts annual shellfish surveys that include Red King Crab, Tanner Crab, and Shrimp which is used to manage the personal...

  19. 76 FR 30934 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-27

    ...: Montgomery L'Energia Power Partners LP, Tanner Street Generation, LLC. Description: Joint Application for Authorization Under Section203 of the FPA of Montgomery L'Energia Power Partners LP, et. al. Filed Date:...

  20. A general algorithm for distributing information in a graph

    OpenAIRE

    Aji, Srinivas M.; McEliece, Robert J.

    1997-01-01

    We present a general “message-passing” algorithm for distributing information in a graph. This algorithm may help us to understand the approximate correctness of both the Gallager-Tanner-Wiberg algorithm, and the turbo-decoding algorithm.

  1. 78 FR 4142 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-18

    ... Sellers Notice of Non-Material Change in Status re: Centennial Wind. Filed Date: 1/9/13. Accession Number..., Tanner Street Generation, LLC. Description: Notice of Non-Material Change in Status of EDF Trading North...

  2. Travelers' Health: International Adoption

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and condition) Neck: thyroid (enlargement secondary to hypothyroidism, iodine deficiency), lymph nodes Heart: murmurs Chest: symmetry, Tanner stage ... on the child’s country of origin or specific risk factors. These screens may include Chagas disease serologic tests, ...

  3. Army Reserve Military Intelligence: Time for Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-20

    Miramax Books, 2002. Goleman , Daniel . Emotional Intelligence. New York: Bantam Books, 1997. Goleman , Daniel , Richard Boyatzis, and Annie McKee...Lieutenant Colonel Neil Anderson, Colonel Marissa Tanner, Mr. Richard Allenbaugh, Colonel (Promotable) Rob Walter, Colonel Jody Daniels , Lieutenant

  4. Evaluation of sexual maturity among adolescent male sickle cell ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    acceptance. Tanner staging assesses pubic hair growth and increase in genital size, the latter factor being best reflected by ..... Research Methodology with Statistics for Health and Social. Sciences. ... observation in one practice. Ann Trop ...

  5. Uut ja vana Tänapäevalt / Krista Kumberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kumberg, Krista

    2003-01-01

    Kirjastuselt "Tänapäev" 2002. a. ilmunud eesti lastekirjandust: Arder, Ott. Metsapoolne : [luuletused]; Tanner, Oskar, pseud. Kati, päkapikk ja Prominent : [jutustus]; Salu, Kristel. Verdi ja Fred, ehk, Sullerite juhtumised : [jutustus

  6. The effect ofethnicity on appendicular bone m.ass in white, coloured ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    weight coloured girls had significantly greater. BMC and ... putatively influence bone mass, namely height, weight, body fat ... ren over the age of 10 years by the Tanner method. 16,17 .... Skinfold thickness does not have a Gaussian distribu-.

  7. Changes of ghrelin following oral glucose tolerance test in obese children with insulin resistance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiu-Min Wang; You-Jun Jiang; Li Liang; Li-Zhong Du

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To characterize changes in ghrelin levels in response to oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and to correlate changes in ghrelin levels with changes in insulin and glucose following OGTT in Chinese obese children of Tanner I and Ⅱ stage with insulin resistance.METHODS: 22 obese children with insulin resistance state were divided into four groups according to their Tanner stage and gender: boys of Tanner I (BT-Ⅰ), boys of Tanner Ⅱ (BT- Ⅱ), girls of Tanner Ⅰ (GT-Ⅰ), girls of Tanner Ⅱ (GT-Ⅱ). Ghrelin, insulin and glucose were measured at 0, 30, 60 and 120 min following OGTT. The control children with normal BMI were divided into control boys of Tanner I (CBT-Ⅰ, n = 6), control boys of Tanner Ⅱ (CBT- Ⅱ, n = 5), control girls of Tanner I (CGT-1, n = 6), control girls of Tanner II (CGT- Ⅱ, n = 5). Fasting serum ghrelin levels were analyzed.RESULTS: Ghrelin levels were lower in obese groups. Ghrelin levels of control group decreased in Tanner Ⅱ stage (CGT-Ⅰ vs CGT-Ⅱ t = -4.703, P = 0.001; CBT-Ⅰ vs CBT-n t = -4.794, P = 0.001). Basal ghrelin levels in BT- Ⅱ decreased more significantly than that in BT-Ⅰ group (t = 2.547, P = 0.029). Ghrelin levels expressed a downward trend after OGTT among obese children. The decrease in ghrelin levels at 60 min with respect to basal values was 56.9% in BT-Ⅰ. Ghrelin concentrations at 0 min correlated directly with glucose level at 0 min in BT-Ⅰ (r = 0.898, P = 0.015). There wasn't a significant correlation of ghrelin changes with glucose changes and insulin changes during OGTT in obese children with insulin resistance.CONCLUSION: In conclusion, in obese children with insulin resistance, ghrelin levels decreased with advancing pubertal stage. Ghrelin secretion suppression following OGTT was influenced by gender and pubertal stage. Baseline ghrelin levels and ghrelin suppression after OGTT did not significantly correlate with the degree of insulin resistance and insulin sensitivity.

  8. Who are the Millennials?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    interesting phenomenon associated with this. Once Millennials copy music off the Internet, they typically then go out and buy the CD. When Napster and...are the Millennials ? Leesa Tanner Maritime OR Team DRDC CORA TM 2010-284 December 2010 Who are the Millennials ? Leesa Tanner...chain of command, to the Millennial Generation who are now being recruited into the junior ranks. To better understand this latest generation to

  9. REGULAR LOW-DENSITY PARITY-CHECK CODES BASED ON SHIFTED IDENTITY MATRICES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    He Shanbao; Zhao Chunming; Jiang Ming

    2006-01-01

    This paper extends the class of Low-Density Parity-Check (LDPC) codes that can be constructed from shifted identity matrices. To construct regular LDPC codes, a new method is proposed. Two simple inequations are adopted to avoid the short cycles in Tanner graph, which makes the girth of Tanner graphs at least 8. Because their parity-check matrices are made up of circulant matrices, the new codes are quasi-cyclic codes. They perform well with iterative decoding.

  10. Conventions and nomenclature for double diffusion encoding NMR and MRI

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shemesh, Noam; Jespersen, Sune N; Alexander, Daniel C;

    2015-01-01

    Stejskal and Tanner's ingenious pulsed field gradient design from 1965 has made diffusion NMR and MRI the mainstay of most studies seeking to resolve microstructural information in porous systems in general and biological systems in particular. Methods extending beyond Stejskal and Tanner's desig...... to the standard, macroscopic, fractional anisotropy conventionally obtained by diffusion MR. Finally, we discuss future vistas and perspectives for DDE. Magn Reson Med, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc....

  11. Armed Forces Institute of Regenerative Medicine Annual Report 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    ensue. 174 AFIRM Annual Report 2010 our science for their healing Scar Mitigation via Matrix Metalloproteinase-1 Therapy Team Leader(s): Alan ...metric Cell-Laden Hydrogel Capsules. Biomaterials, 30:6896-6902, 2009, PMID: 19800116, NIHMSID147749. Dumas JE, Zienkiewicz K, Tanner SA, Prieto EM...Scaffolds) (PCT/US2009/062621). Filed on October 29, 2009. Dumas JE, Zienkiewicz K, Tanner SA, Prieto EM, Bhattacharyya S, and Guelcher SA (Vanderbilt

  12. Maintaining Wireless Connectivity Constraints for Robot Swarms in the Presence of Obstacles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control , vol. 51, no...8, pp. 1289–1298, 2006. [11] H. G. Tanner, A. Jadbabaie, and G. J. Pappas, “Flocking in fixed and switching networks,” IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control , vol...swarms,” IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control , vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 692–697, 2003. [20] H. G. Tanner, G. J. Pappas, and V. Kumar, “Leader-to-

  13. Anthropometric Measurements, Serum Reproductive Hormonal Levels and Sexual Development among Boys in the Rural Western Cape, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mao, Jun; Dalvie, Mohamed Aqiel

    2016-11-29

    Data on growth and sexual maturation among boys from the rural Western Cape in South Africa is limited. A cross-sectional study of 269 school boys was conducted testing for serum luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), testosterone, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) and estradiol (E2); height, weight and body mass index (BMI); sexual maturity (using Tanner Stages) and a questionnaire (demographic and medical history). The median age at pubertal onset (Tanner Stage 2) and Tanner Stage 5 was 11.6 and 14.7 years, respectively. The median testicular volume was 5.5 mL at Tanner Stage 2 increasing from 2.5 mL at Tanner Stage 1 to 14.7 mL at Tanner Stage 5. Height and weight measurements were development of boys in the rural Western Cape when compared to boys from other settings possibly due to nutritional, socio-economic and environmental exposures. Changes in serum hormone levels were consistent with other populations. Initiatives to improve nutrition amongst Western Cape rural communities are recommended.

  14. Mustamäe Maarja Magdaleena kiriku arhitektuurivõistlus = Architecture competition for Mustamäe`s Church of Mary Magdalene / Pille Epner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Epner, Pille

    2013-01-01

    Arhitektuurikonkursist, võidutööst "Fiat Lux" (arhitektid Risto Parve, Kai Süda, Martin Kinks, Margit Valma, arhitektuuriteadlane Mait Väljas, Karisma Arhitektid), 2. koha pälvinud tööst "Õhuke Koht" (Pille Noole, Üllar Ambos, Kaisa Lasner, Kerttu Karjust, Jiannis Lykouras, Arhitektuurinurk), 3. koha pälvinud tööst "Tee" (Villem Tomiste, Stuudio Tallinn). Loetletud ostupreemia ja kolm tunnustuse pälvinud võistlustööd

  15. Aloittavan yrityksen markkinointi sosiaalisessa mediassa : Case: Illegal Alien Studios

    OpenAIRE

    Kaipainen, Johanna

    2014-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön aiheena on markkinointi sosiaalisessa mediassa pienyrityksen näkökulmasta. Opinnäytetyössä tehdään toimiva markkinointiympäristö toimeksiantavalle yritykselle. Toimeksiantaja yritys on Tamperelainen start-up -yritys Illegal Alien Studios. Yritys toimii pääsääntöisesti mobiilipeliyrityksenä, mutta tekee myös asiakaslähtöistä sovelluskehitystä. Yrityksessä työntekijöinä toimii neljä opiskelijaa, joilla on koulutuspohjaa niin ohjelmistotuotannon, ...

  16. Kontsert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Tartu orelimuusikapäevadel 4. nov. Peetri kirikus esineb hollandi organist Peter van Dijk, 5. nov. Vanemuise kontserdimajas esitavad Salieri "Reekviemi" Tallinna Poistekoor ja Eesti Riiklik Sümfooniaorkester (dirigent Risto Joost), 6. nov. TÜ aulas Tartu I Muusikakooli kontsert, 10. nov. kohvikus Shakespeare esinevad festivalil "Fiesta de la guitarra '05" Raoul Björkenheim ja Jaak Sooäär, 11. nov. Vanemuise kontserdimajas isadepäeva kontserdil "Isad ja pojad" esinevad Olav Ehala ja Tanel Ehala klaveril ja Pärnu Linnaorkester, kaastegev Kiigelaulukuuik (dirigent Erki Pehk)

  17. Ehte järelkasv ja klassikud laegast täitmas / Ketli Tiitsar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tiitsar, Ketli

    2004-01-01

    Ede Kurreli 95. sünniaastapäevale pühendatud Eesti Metallikunstnike Liidu ja Eesti Kunstiakadeemia ehte- ja sepakunsti eriala ühisnäitus "Laegas" Eesti Tarbekunsti- ja Disainimuuseumis kuni 17. X. Ede Kurreli, Arseni Möldri, Leili Kuldkepi, Kadri Mälgu, rühmituse ÕhuLoss, Birgit Marjundi, Risto Tali, Bruno Lillemetsa, Tõnis Bergi, Mart Reino, Adolfas Shaulyse, Mari Relo-Shaulyse, parima üliõpilastöö autori Kertu Tubergi ja 2004. a. Ede Kurreli preemia saanud Anneli Tammiku töödest, Maria Puki ja Ivar Lubjaku näitusekujundusest

  18. Kiviõli linnaväljaku avalik arhitektuurivõistlus = Kiviõli town square open architecture competition / Tiit Sild

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sild, Tiit, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Arhitektuurivõistluse eesmärgist, premeeritud töödest. Tulemused: I preemia - Tiina Skolimowski, Kai Süda, Risto Parve, töö "Figuur", II - Karli Luik, Ralf Lõoke, Maarja Kask (AB Salto), töö "Saarestik", III - Jaak-Adam Looveer, Toomas Paaver, Lauri Saar, Indrek Järve, Tõnu Laanemäe (AB Paik Arhitektid), töö "Mult", ergutuspreemia - Ott Kadarik, Villem Tomiste, Mihkel Tüür, Kaiko Kivi, Krista Saluveer (AB Kosmos), töö "Sammal"

  19. Kontsert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Tartu orelimuusikapäevadel 4. nov. Peetri kirikus esineb hollandi organist Peter van Dijk, 5. nov. Vanemuise kontserdimajas esitavad Salieri "Reekviemi" Tallinna Poistekoor ja Eesti Riiklik Sümfooniaorkester (dirigent Risto Joost), 6. nov. TÜ aulas Tartu I Muusikakooli kontsert, 10. nov. kohvikus Shakespeare esinevad festivalil "Fiesta de la guitarra '05" Raoul Björkenheim ja Jaak Sooäär, 11. nov. Vanemuise kontserdimajas isadepäeva kontserdil "Isad ja pojad" esinevad Olav Ehala ja Tanel Ehala klaveril ja Pärnu Linnaorkester, kaastegev Kiigelaulukuuik (dirigent Erki Pehk)

  20. Kiviõli linnaväljaku avalik arhitektuurivõistlus = Kiviõli town square open architecture competition / Tiit Sild

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sild, Tiit, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Arhitektuurivõistluse eesmärgist, premeeritud töödest. Tulemused: I preemia - Tiina Skolimowski, Kai Süda, Risto Parve, töö "Figuur", II - Karli Luik, Ralf Lõoke, Maarja Kask (AB Salto), töö "Saarestik", III - Jaak-Adam Looveer, Toomas Paaver, Lauri Saar, Indrek Järve, Tõnu Laanemäe (AB Paik Arhitektid), töö "Mult", ergutuspreemia - Ott Kadarik, Villem Tomiste, Mihkel Tüür, Kaiko Kivi, Krista Saluveer (AB Kosmos), töö "Sammal"

  1. Mustamäe Maarja Magdaleena kiriku arhitektuurivõistlus = Architecture competition for Mustamäe`s Church of Mary Magdalene / Pille Epner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Epner, Pille

    2013-01-01

    Arhitektuurikonkursist, võidutööst "Fiat Lux" (arhitektid Risto Parve, Kai Süda, Martin Kinks, Margit Valma, arhitektuuriteadlane Mait Väljas, Karisma Arhitektid), 2. koha pälvinud tööst "Õhuke Koht" (Pille Noole, Üllar Ambos, Kaisa Lasner, Kerttu Karjust, Jiannis Lykouras, Arhitektuurinurk), 3. koha pälvinud tööst "Tee" (Villem Tomiste, Stuudio Tallinn). Loetletud ostupreemia ja kolm tunnustuse pälvinud võistlustööd

  2. Efficient Decoding of Turbo Codes with Nonbinary Belief Propagation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thierry Lestable

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a new approach to decode turbo codes using a nonbinary belief propagation decoder. The proposed approach can be decomposed into two main steps. First, a nonbinary Tanner graph representation of the turbo code is derived by clustering the binary parity-check matrix of the turbo code. Then, a group belief propagation decoder runs several iterations on the obtained nonbinary Tanner graph. We show in particular that it is necessary to add a preprocessing step on the parity-check matrix of the turbo code in order to ensure good topological properties of the Tanner graph and then good iterative decoding performance. Finally, by capitalizing on the diversity which comes from the existence of distinct efficient preprocessings, we propose a new decoding strategy, called decoder diversity, that intends to take benefits from the diversity through collaborative decoding schemes.

  3. Sex differences in time to task failure during early pubertal development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudroff, Thorsten; Holmes, Matthew R; Melanson, Edward L; Kelsey, Megan M

    2014-06-01

    We compared fatigability and activation of elbow flexor muscles in children at 3 pubertal stages during a sustained submaximal contraction. In 72 healthy children (39 boys) aged 11 ± 3 years (range, 8-14 years), differences in fatigability (time to task failure) and muscle activation were compared at 3 Tanner stages (T1-T3). Time to task failure and muscle activation were similar between boys and girls at prepubertal Tanner stage 1. Time to task failure was briefer for girls than boys at Tanner stages 2 and 3 and was predicted by the coactivation indices and percent body fat in girls. Muscle torque was the only predictor for the time to task failure in boys. Differences in fatigability and muscle coactivation were evident during the initial pubertal stages (T2 and T3), but not before the onset of puberty (T1). Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  4. Role of contact line evaporation on the spreading of viscous droplet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bou-Zeid, Wassim; Brutin, David

    2014-11-01

    The effect of relative humidity and viscosity on the spreading dynamics of water-glycerol mixtures was analyzed for a range of relative humidities from 20% to 80%. Droplets of identical volume were deposited on ultra-clean microscope glass substrates. We demonstrated that, in addition to the competition between viscous forces, capillary forces and disjoining pressure, droplet spreading was also affected by the evaporation that occurred at the triple line. We provide an updated Tanner's law, which was modified to take into account the evaporative contribution. The same mechanism can be applied to adjust any fluid to Tanner's coefficient of 1/10.

  5. The need for revised standards for skinfold thickness in infancy

    OpenAIRE

    Paul, A; Cole, T; Ahmed, E.; WHITEHEAD, R.

    1998-01-01

    Skinfold standards provide a useful indication of subcutaneous fat. To evaluate skinfold thickness of 252 Cambridge infants over the first 2 years of age, SD scores relative to the Tanner standards were calculated, taking account of skewness in the standards. Cambridge SD scores were low, varying according to age from −1.2 to −1.8 for triceps and −0.6 to −1.2 for subscapular skinfolds. The Tanner skinfold standards were last revised 30 years ago, at a time of high prevale...

  6. Historical environmental pollution trend and ecological risk assessment of trace metals in marine sediments off Adyar estuary, Bay of Bengal, India.

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Veerasingam, S.; Venkatachalapathy, R.; Ramkumar, T.

    electroplating industries around the study area (Tanner and Leong 2000). The enhancement of Cr concentrations in the surface layers indicates that it is present as Cr(VI), which is relatively mobile and after release to the pore waters, it migrates downward... Microprobe Tech 17:209–217 Soylak M, Divrikli U, Saracoglu S, Elci L (2002) Monitoring trace metal levels in Yozgat-Turkey: copper, iron, nickel, cobalt, lead, cadmium, manganese and chromium levels stream sediments. Pol J Environ Stud 11:47–51 Tanner PA...

  7. Dynamic Decision Making in Complex Task Environments: Principles and Neural Mechanisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    theory (Tanner, & Swets, 1954) and the random walk model, providing the basis of the sequential probability ratio test ( Wald and Wolfowitz , 1948...perceptual choice: The leaky, competing accumulator model. Psychological Review, 108, 550–592. Wald , A. & Wolfowitz , J. (1948). Optimum Character of the

  8. Health Care. The State of the Industry. Spring 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    07useconomics_emanuel.aspx ( accesed May 19, 2008). 89. Michael F. Cannon and Michael D. Tanner, Healthy Competition - What’s Holding Back Health Care and how to Free It...Comprehensive Cure: Universal Health Care Vouchers. The Bookings Institute. http://www.brookings.edu/papers/2007/ 07useconomics_emanuel.aspx ( accesed May 19

  9. The Effect of School Design on Student Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ariani, Mohsen Ghasemi; Mirdad, Fatemeh

    2016-01-01

    The present study aims at exploring the influence of school design on student performance. The participants consisted of 150 students who studied at two Iranian public school and private school in Mashhad City. School Design and Planning Laboratory (SDPL) model of Georgia University (and Tanner (2009)) was used as an appraisal indicator of school…

  10. Mark Twain: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Henry Nash, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Henry Nash Smith, Van Wyck Brooks, Maurice Le Breton, Kenneth Lynn, Leo Marx, Walter Blair, Daniel G. Hoffman, W. H. Auden, James M. Cox, Leslie Fiedler, Bernard DeVoto, and Tony Tanner--all dealing with the biography and…

  11. Filmikunsti kolm palet / Andres Maimik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimik, Andres, 1970-

    1999-01-01

    Tallinna filmifestival linastunud mängufilmid "Reekviem" : režissöör Alain Tanner : Šveits - Prantsusmaa - Portugal 1998, "Õnnelikult koos" : režissöör Wong Kar-Wai : Hongkong 1997 ja "Tuntud vana laul" : režissöör Alain Resnais : Prantsusmaa - Šveits - Suurbritannia 1997

  12. Teenagers’ Shape

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    亚玲

    2007-01-01

    <正>Teenagers have been of a new shape these days. They are about 20 pounds heavier than teenagers were 60 years ago. They are about four inches taller, too. These facts come from J. M. Tanner, a professor in England.

  13. Predictors of weight loss in Mexican American adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    This study examined predictors of weight change in Mexican American adolescents. Eighty overweight Mexican American children were randomized to receive either the intensive intervention or self help program. Physiological (e.g. standardized BMI (zBMI), percent body fat, and tanner stage), psychologi...

  14. EXPLORING THE USE OF SUEDE DYE ON LEATHER

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    The indigenous leather tanners in Ghana lack access to variety in dyes and colourants, this lim- its the ability of their ... The popular, natural cream colour of leather is the basic colour ... the preparation of the dye from guinea-corn leaves and its ...

  15. Filmikunsti kolm palet / Andres Maimik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimik, Andres, 1970-

    1999-01-01

    Tallinna filmifestival linastunud mängufilmid "Reekviem" : režissöör Alain Tanner : Šveits - Prantsusmaa - Portugal 1998, "Õnnelikult koos" : režissöör Wong Kar-Wai : Hongkong 1997 ja "Tuntud vana laul" : režissöör Alain Resnais : Prantsusmaa - Šveits - Suurbritannia 1997

  16. LONGITUDINAL-STUDY OF BONE-AGE IN ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC-LEUKEMIA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    TAMMINGA, RYJ; ZWEENS, M; KAMPS, W; DRAYER, N

    1993-01-01

    Bone age was assessed in children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) using the Tanner-Whitehouse II method. X-rays of the left hand (wrist) were made at diagnosis and annually until 5 years after diagnosis. A total of 164 X-rays from 40 patients was available. During treatment bone age develop

  17. A seasonal variation of calcitropic hormones, bone turnover and bone mineral density in early and mid-puberty girls - a cross-sectional study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Viljakainen, H.T.; Palssa, A.; Karkkainen, M.

    2006-01-01

    -six girls, mean age 11 center dot 4 (sd 0 center dot 4) years, in Tanner stage 2 (early puberty) and 3 (mid-puberty) were studied during September to March. The BMD was measured from the lumbar vertebrae and the left femur by dual-energy X-ray absoptiometry. Their serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (S-25-OHD), serum...

  18. Pubertal development and prostate cancer risk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonilla, Carolina; Lewis, Sarah J; Martin, Richard M

    2016-01-01

    associated with male Tanner stage. A higher score indicated a later puberty onset. We examined the association of this score with prostate cancer risk, stage and grade in the UK-based ProtecT case-control study (n = 2,927), and used the PRACTICAL consortium (n = 43,737) as a replication sample. RESULTS...

  19. Keys of Japanese Prosody and Didactical-Technical Analysis of OJAD (Online Japanese Accent Dictionary)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado Algarra, Emilio José

    2016-01-01

    Most of the studies focus on the teaching of foreign languages indicate that little attention is paid to the prosodic features both didactic materials and teaching-learning processes (Martinsen, Avord and Tanner, 2014). In this context and throughout this article, an analysis of the didactical and technical dimensions of OJAD (Japanese Accent…

  20. Evaluation of the Coastal Features Mapping System for Shoreline Mapping

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    participating in the report preparation included: Ms. Karen Pitchford , Atlantic Research Corporation, who provided technical assistance and helped...40 Tanner, William F., 1978. "Standards for Measuring Shoreline Change", Proceedings of a Workshop, Florida State Univ., 85 pg. Wolf, Paul R., 1983

  1. Coexistence Steady States in a Predator-Prey Model

    CERN Document Server

    Walker, Christoph

    2010-01-01

    An age-structured predator-prey system with diffusion and Holling-Tanner-type nonlinearities is considered. Regarding the intensity of the fertility of the predator as bifurcation parameter, we prove that a branch of positive coexistence steady states bifurcates from the marginal steady state with no prey. A similar result is obtained when the fertility of the prey varies.

  2. Hemoglobinopathies in the Dogon Country: presence of beta S, beta C, and delta A' genes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ducrocq, R; Bennani, M; Bellis, G; Baby, M; Traore, K; Nagel, R L; Krishnamoorthy, R; Chaventre, A

    1994-07-01

    The population of the Dogon, located in Mali, is divided in an endogamic Noble class and two endogamic servant castes (Tanners and Blacksmiths). We find that the polymorphic frequencies of beta c, beta S, and, unexpectedly, a mutation of the delta-chain (delta A'), are geographically (valley vs. plateau) as well as social status dependent.

  3. Cooperative Manipulation on the Water Using a Swarm of Autonomous Tugboats

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-01

    Lynch. Locally controllable manipulation by stable pushing. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, pages 318–327, 1999. [13] R. Murray, Z. Li, and...nipulators. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, 18(1):94 – 103, 2002. [25] H.G. Tanner, A. Jadbabaie, and G.J. Pappas. Stable flocking of mobile

  4. Suur rahvusvaheline välisbalti arhiivide konverents südasuvises Tartus / Mai Raud-Pähn ; fotod Madis Laas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud-Pähn, Mai, 1920-

    2006-01-01

    Ettekannetega esinesid: Tiiu Kravtsev, Riina Reinvelt, Juta Kivimäe, Piret Noorhani, Merike Kiipus, Anu Korb, Anne Valmas, Mihkel Volt, Mare Rand, Inga Kuljus, Enn Mainla, Roland Weiler, Teas Tanner, Tiina Kirss, Jüri Kivimäe, Enda-Mai Michelson-Holland, Andrae, Carl Göran, Katrin Meerits ja Maie Barrow

  5. 50 CFR 680.3 - Relation to other laws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ....3 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC... governing the conservation and management of king crab and Tanner crab in the BSAI area are contained in 50... requirements using the ADF&G “Intent to Operate” registration form and “Fish Tickets.” (b) Sport, personal...

  6. LONGITUDINAL-STUDY OF BONE-AGE IN ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC-LEUKEMIA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    TAMMINGA, RYJ; ZWEENS, M; KAMPS, W; DRAYER, N

    1993-01-01

    Bone age was assessed in children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) using the Tanner-Whitehouse II method. X-rays of the left hand (wrist) were made at diagnosis and annually until 5 years after diagnosis. A total of 164 X-rays from 40 patients was available. During treatment bone age

  7. NMR-based metabolomic profiling of overweight adolescents – an elucidation of the effects of inter-/intra-individual differences, gender, pubertal development and physical activity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zheng, Hong; Yde, Christian Clement; Arnberg, Karina

    2014-01-01

    The plasma and urine metabolome of 192 overweight 12-15-year-old adolescents (BMI of 25.4 ± 2.3 kg/m(2)) were examined in order to elucidate gender, pubertal development measured as Tanner stage, physical activity measured as number of steps taken daily, and intra-/interindividual differences aff...

  8. Auditory Pattern Memory: Mechanisms of Tonal Sequence Discrimination by Human Observers

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-10-30

    and Creelman (1977) in a study of categorical perception. Tanner’s model included a short-term decaying memory for the acoustic input to the system plus...auditory pattern components, J. &Coust. Soc. 91 Am., 76, 1037- 1044. Macmillan, N. A., Kaplan H. L., & Creelman , C. D. (1977). The psychophysics of

  9. Superministeerium: kas edasiminek või hoopis samm tagasi? / Jaak Huimerind

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Huimerind, Jaak, 1957-

    2015-01-01

    Suur-Ameerika tn.1/ Väike-Ameerika tn.2 kinnistule rajatava büroohoone ehitamiseks korraldasid OÜ 2Torni, Eesti Arhitektide Liit ja Riigi Kinnisvara Aktsiaselts arhitektuurikonkursi. Esimese koha sai töö "Valged" (Kai Süda, Risto Parve ja Mait Väljas - AS Amhold ja Karisma Arhitektid OÜ). Teise koha sai töö "Tõus ja mõõn" (Ingrid Aasoja, Andres Siim, Teresa Malmre ja Aleksander Zverev - Aasoja Projekt AS ja Arhitektuuristuudio Siim & Kreis OÜ). Kolmanda koha sai töö "Pääsuke" (Raivo Kotov, Andrus Kõresaar, Jõnn Sooniste, Martin Tago, Liis Uustal, Eleriin Tekko, Raili Paling ja Tatjana Päss - KOKO arhitektid OÜ)

  10. Vabariigi President otsustas riiklike teenetemärkide äravõtmise / Kaidi Aher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aher, Kaidi

    2009-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves kirjutas 13. märtsil 2009 alla otsustele võtta ära Valgetähe IV klassi teenetemärk Herman Simmilt, kelle suhtes on jõustunud süüdimõistev kohtuotsus riigireetmises. Samuti otsustas riigipea võtta ära Maarjamaa Risti V klassi teenetemärk Risto Mikael Teinonenilt, kes kandis Eesti Vabariigi teenetemärki koos Eestit okupeerinud riigi sümboolikaga. Ilmunud ka: Eesti Elu 20. märts 2009, lk. 2; Eesti Päevaleht (Stockholm) 25. märts 2009, lk. 1, pealk.: Simmilt ja Teinonenilt võeti teenetemärk ära

  11. Eesti teatri aastaauhinnad 2005. aasta loomingu eest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Eesti teatrikunsti aastapreemiad 2005 : lavastajaauhind Hendrik Toompere jun., kunstnikuauhind Ene-Liis Semper, naisnäitlejaauhind Ülle Kaljuste, meesnäitlejaauhind Rein Oja, meeskõrvalosaauhind Rain Simmul, naiskõrvalosaauhind Pille Lukin, eriauhind "Taarka", Kauksi Ülle, Vanemuise teater ja Seto kuningriik ; Kristallkingakese auhind Risto Kübar ja Taavi Tõnisson ; muusikalavastuse auhind Ardi Volmer, Marko Matvere, muusikalavastuse eriauhind Zoja Hertz ; balleti- ja tantsulavastuse auhind Marina Tshirkova, Oksana Titova, Taavet Jansen, kriitikuauhind Eero Epner, Ants Lauteri nim. noore lavastaja auhind Tiit Ojasoo, Ants Lauteri noore näitleja auhind Taavi Eelmaa, Georg Otsa preemia Leonid Savitski, Priit Põldroosi preemia Riina Roose (Eesti kultuuriloo õpetamise eest lavakunstikoolis ja lavastuses "Teatrilaulud"), Aleksander Kurtna preemia Peeter Volkonski, Salme Reegi preemia Leino Rei, etenduse ettevalmistaja auhind Jaan Mikkel, etenduse teenindaja auhind Illi Allabert, Eesti Raadio näitlejaauhind Üllar Saaremäe

  12. Eesti teatri aastaauhinnad 2005

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Eesti teatrikunsti aastapreemiad 2005 : lavastajaauhind Hendrik Toompere jun., kunstnikuauhind Ene-Liis Semper, naisnäitlejaauhind Ülle Kaljuste, meesnäitlejaauhind Rein Oja, meeskõrvalosaauhind Rain Simmul, naiskõrvalosaauhind Pille Lukin, eriauhind "Taarka", Kauksi Ülle, Vanemuise teater ja Seto kuningriik ; Kristallkingakese auhind Risto Kübar ja Taavi Tõnisson ; muusikalavastuse auhind Ardi Volmer, Marko Matvere, muusikalavastuse eriauhind Zoja Hertz ; balleti- ja tantsulavastuse auhind Marina Tshirkova, Oksana Titova, Taavet Jansen, kriitikuauhind Eero Epner, Ants Lauteri nim. noore lavastaja auhind Tiit Ojasoo, Ants Lauteri noore näitleja auhind Taavi Eelmaa, Georg Otsa preemia Leonid Savitski, Priit Põldroosi preemia Riina Roose (Eesti kultuuriloo õpetamise eest lavakunstikoolis ja lavastuses "Teatrilaulud"), Aleksander Kurtna preemia Peeter Volkonski, Salme Reegi preemia Leino Rei, etenduse ettevalmistaja auhind Jaan Mikkel, etenduse teenindaja auhind Illi Allabert, Eesti Raadio näitlejaauhind Üllar Saaremäe

  13. Keset põrandat kokku

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Eesti teatrikunsti aastapreemiad 2005 : lavastajaauhind Hendrik Toompere jun., kunstnikuauhind Ene-Liis Semper, naisnäitlejaauhind Ülle Kaljuste, meesnäitlejaauhind Rein Oja, meeskõrvalosaauhind Rain Simmul, naiskõrvalosaauhind Pille Lukin, eriauhind "Taarka", Kauksi Ülle, Vanemuise teater ja Seto kuningriik ; Kristallkingakese auhind Risto Kübar ja Taavi Tõnisson ; muusikalavastuse auhind Ardi Volmer, Marko Matvere, muusikalavastuse eriauhind Zoja Hertz ; balleti- ja tantsulavastuse auhind Marina Tshirkova, Oksana Titova, Taavet Jansen, kriitikuauhind Eero Epner, Ants Lauteri nim. noore lavastaja auhind Tiit Ojasoo, Ants Lauteri noore näitleja auhind Taavi Eelmaa, Georg Otsa preemia Leonid Savitski, Priit Põldroosi preemia Riina Roose (Eesti kultuuriloo õpetamise eest lavakunstikoolis ja lavastuses "Teatrilaulud"), Aleksander Kurtna preemia Peeter Volkonski, Salme Reegi preemia Leino Rei, etenduse ettevalmistaja auhind Jaan Mikkel, etenduse teenindaja auhind Illi Allabert, Eesti Raadio näitlejaauhind Üllar Saaremäe. Lisaks küsimused laureaatidele

  14. Aastaauhinnad koondavad eesti teatri eri suunad ühte / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2006-01-01

    Eesti teatrikunsti aastapreemiad 2005 : lavastajaauhind Hendrik Toompere jun., kunstnikuauhind Ene-Liis Semper, naisnäitlejaauhind Ülle Kaljuste, meesnäitlejaauhind Rein Oja, meeskõrvalosaauhind Rain Simmul, naiskõrvalosaauhind Pille Lukin, eriauhind "Taarka", Kauksi Ülle, Vanemuise teater ja Seto kuningriik ; Kristallkingakese auhind Risto Kübar ja Taavi Tõnisson ; muusikalavastuse auhind Ardi Volmer, Marko Matvere, muusikalavastuse eriauhind Zoja Hertz ; balleti- ja tantsulavastuse auhind Marina Tshirkova, Oksana Titova, Taavet Jansen, kriitikuauhind Eero Epner, Ants Lauteri nim. noore lavastaja auhind Tiit Ojasoo, Ants Lauteri noore näitleja auhind Taavi Eelmaa, Georg Otsa preemia Leonid Savitski, Priit Põldroosi preemia Riina Roose (Eesti kultuuriloo õpetamise eest lavakunstikoolis ja lavastuses "Teatrilaulud"), Aleksander Kurtna preemia Peeter Volkonski, Salme Reegi preemia Leino Rei, etenduse ettevalmistaja auhind Jaan Mikkel, etenduse teenindaja auhind Illi Allabert, Eesti Raadio näitlejaauhind Üllar Saaremäe

  15. Eesti Kultuurkapitali kirjanduse aastaauhinna laureaadid / fotomontaazh: Piia Ruber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemiad: luuleauhinnad - Kristiina Ehini luulekogu "Kaitseala" ja Jürgen Rooste luulekogu "Ilusaks inimeseks", lastekirjandus - Piret Raud "Sanna ja salakütid", draamaauhind - Merle Karusoo näidend "Misjonärid", esseistika - Madis Kõivu artiklikogumik "Luhta-minek"; tõlkepreemiad: ilukirjanduslik tõlge võõrkeelest eesti keelde - Anu Saluäär (Vilhelm Mobergi "Sisserändajad"), ilukirjanduslik tõlge eesti keelest võõrkeelde - Heili Einasto, Lembi Loigu, Veronika Kivisilla, Risto Järv (Estonian folktales. The heavenly wedding); vabaauhind - Käbi Laretei "Otsekui tõlkes"; artiklipreemia - Aare Pilv; venekeelse autori kirjandusauhind - Gohar Markosjan-Käsperi "Karüatiidid", Svetlan Semenenko (pikaajalise viljaka loomingu ja kõrgetasemelise tõlketöö eest). Vaata ka: Lääne-Harju Ekspress, 18. märts, lk. 9

  16. Eesti Kultuurkapitali kirjanduse aastaauhinna laureaadid / fotomontaazh: Piia Ruber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemiad: luuleauhinnad - Kristiina Ehini luulekogu "Kaitseala" ja Jürgen Rooste luulekogu "Ilusaks inimeseks", lastekirjandus - Piret Raud "Sanna ja salakütid", draamaauhind - Merle Karusoo näidend "Misjonärid", esseistika - Madis Kõivu artiklikogumik "Luhta-minek"; tõlkepreemiad: ilukirjanduslik tõlge võõrkeelest eesti keelde - Anu Saluäär (Vilhelm Mobergi "Sisserändajad"), ilukirjanduslik tõlge eesti keelest võõrkeelde - Heili Einasto, Lembi Loigu, Veronika Kivisilla, Risto Järv (Estonian folktales. The heavenly wedding); vabaauhind - Käbi Laretei "Otsekui tõlkes"; artiklipreemia - Aare Pilv; venekeelse autori kirjandusauhind - Gohar Markosjan-Käsperi "Karüatiidid", Svetlan Semenenko (pikaajalise viljaka loomingu ja kõrgetasemelise tõlketöö eest). Vaata ka: Lääne-Harju Ekspress, 18. märts, lk. 9

  17. Luteinizing Hormone Secretion during Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Stimulation Tests in Obese Girls with Central Precocious Puberty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hae Sang; Yoon, Jong Seo; Hwang, Jin Soon

    2016-01-01

    Objective: Girls with precocious puberty have high luteinizing hormone (LH) levels and advanced bone age. Obese children enter puberty at earlier ages than do non-obese children. We analyzed the effects of obesity on LH secretion during gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) tests in girls with precocious puberty. Methods: A total of 981 subjects with idiopathic precocious puberty who had undergone a GnRH stimulation testing between 2008 and 2014 were included in the study. Subjects were divided into three groups based on body mass index (BMI). Auxological data and gonadotropin levels after the GnRH stimulation test were compared. Results: In Tanner stage 2 girls, peak stimulated LH levels on GnRH test were 11.9±7.5, 10.4±6.4, and 9.1±6.1 IU/L among normal-weight, overweight, and obese subjects, respectively (p=0.035 for all comparisons). In Tanner stage 3 girls, peak stimulated LH levels were 14.9±10.9, 12.8±7.9, and 9.6±6.0 IU/L, respectively (p=0.022 for all comparisons). However, in Tanner stage 4 girls, peak stimulated LH levels were not significantly different among normal, overweight, and obese children. On multivariate analysis, BMI standard deviation score was significantly and negatively associated with peak LH (β=-1.178, p=0.001). Conclusion: In girls with central precocious puberty, increased BMI was associated with slightly lower peak stimulated LH levels at early pubertal stages (Tanner stages 2 and 3). This association was not valid in Tanner stage 4 girls. PMID:27215137

  18. 2008. aasta tõlkeilukirjandus / Kätlin Kaldmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldmaa, Kätlin, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Ülevaade 2008. aastal Eestis ilmunud tõlkeilukirjandusest. Pikemalt käsitletakse järgmisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Margaret Atwood "Ebakõlad", William Faulkner "Absalom! Absalom!", Cormac McCarthy "Tee", Halldór Laxness "Islandi kell", T. H. White "Kunagine ja tulevane kuningas", Guillermo Martínez "Märkamatud mõrvad", Charlotte Weitze "Pimeduse pärusmaa", Daniel Kehlmann "Maailma mõõtmine", Milorad Pavić "Tuule sisemine pool, ehk, Romaan Herost ja Leandrosest", Michel Houellebecq "Elementaarosakesed", Marguerite Duras "Põhja-Hiina armuke", Haruki Murakami "Kafka mererannas", Anne Birkefeldt Radge "Berliini paplid", "Erakvähid" ja "Rohelised aasad", Linn Ullmann "Õnnistatud laps", Lars Saabye Christensen "Modell", Jon Fosse "See on Ales", Peter Høeg "Vaikne tüdruk", Leena Krohn "Matemaatilised olendid", Käbi Laretei "Kuhu kadus kõik see armastus?", E. M. Forster "Teekond Indiasse", Rudyard Kipling "Lispeth", Asha Miró ja Anna Soler-Pont "Sandlipuu jäljed", Khaled Hosseini "Lohejooksja", Billy Collins "Allegooria surm", Wisława Szymborska "Oma aja lapsed", Zbigniew Herbert "Valitud luuletused", Carlos Vitale "Kohaühtsus", Jüri Talvet (koostaja) "Ameerika luule antoloogia", Marjane Satrapi "Persepolis", Hergé "Sinine lootos" ja "Vaarao sigar", Sinikka Nopola "Risto Räppar ja kohutav vorst" ja "Risto Räppar ja viimane hoiatus", Espen Fyksen ja Øyvind Rune Stålen "Elias, väike päästekaater", Hannu Mäkelä "Miisa uus pere", Timo Parvela "Kiigelaud", Nick Hornby "Maoli", Pierre Bayard "Kuidas rääkida raamatutest, mida me pole lugenud", Milan Kundera "Eesriie", Georges Perec "Mõelda/liigitada ja teisi tekste"

  19. 2008. aasta tõlkeilukirjandus / Kätlin Kaldmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldmaa, Kätlin, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Ülevaade 2008. aastal Eestis ilmunud tõlkeilukirjandusest. Pikemalt käsitletakse järgmisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Margaret Atwood "Ebakõlad", William Faulkner "Absalom! Absalom!", Cormac McCarthy "Tee", Halldór Laxness "Islandi kell", T. H. White "Kunagine ja tulevane kuningas", Guillermo Martínez "Märkamatud mõrvad", Charlotte Weitze "Pimeduse pärusmaa", Daniel Kehlmann "Maailma mõõtmine", Milorad Pavić "Tuule sisemine pool, ehk, Romaan Herost ja Leandrosest", Michel Houellebecq "Elementaarosakesed", Marguerite Duras "Põhja-Hiina armuke", Haruki Murakami "Kafka mererannas", Anne Birkefeldt Radge "Berliini paplid", "Erakvähid" ja "Rohelised aasad", Linn Ullmann "Õnnistatud laps", Lars Saabye Christensen "Modell", Jon Fosse "See on Ales", Peter Høeg "Vaikne tüdruk", Leena Krohn "Matemaatilised olendid", Käbi Laretei "Kuhu kadus kõik see armastus?", E. M. Forster "Teekond Indiasse", Rudyard Kipling "Lispeth", Asha Miró ja Anna Soler-Pont "Sandlipuu jäljed", Khaled Hosseini "Lohejooksja", Billy Collins "Allegooria surm", Wisława Szymborska "Oma aja lapsed", Zbigniew Herbert "Valitud luuletused", Carlos Vitale "Kohaühtsus", Jüri Talvet (koostaja) "Ameerika luule antoloogia", Marjane Satrapi "Persepolis", Hergé "Sinine lootos" ja "Vaarao sigar", Sinikka Nopola "Risto Räppar ja kohutav vorst" ja "Risto Räppar ja viimane hoiatus", Espen Fyksen ja Øyvind Rune Stålen "Elias, väike päästekaater", Hannu Mäkelä "Miisa uus pere", Timo Parvela "Kiigelaud", Nick Hornby "Maoli", Pierre Bayard "Kuidas rääkida raamatutest, mida me pole lugenud", Milan Kundera "Eesriie", Georges Perec "Mõelda/liigitada ja teisi tekste"

  20. Lifetime history of indoor tanning in young people: a retrospective assessment of initiation, persistence, and correlates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lostritto Karen

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite educational and public health campaigns to convey the risks of indoor tanning, many individuals around the world continue to engage in this behavior. Few descriptive studies of indoor tanning have collected information pertaining to the lifetime history of indoor tanning, thereby limiting our ability to understand indoor tanning patterns and potentially target interventions for individuals who not only initiate, but continue to persistently engage in indoor tanning. Methods In-person interviews elicited detailed retrospective information on lifetime history of indoor tanning among white individuals (n = 401 under age 40 seen by a dermatologist for a minor benign skin condition. These individuals were controls in a case-control study of early-onset basal cell carcinoma. Outcomes of interest included ever indoor tanning in both males and females, as well as persistent indoor tanning in females - defined as females over age 31 who tanned indoors at least once in the last three or all four of four specified age periods (ages 11-15, 16-20, 21-30 and 31 or older. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify sociodemographic and lifestyle correlates of ever and persistent indoor tanning in females. Results Approximately three-quarters (73.3% of females and 38.3% of males ever tanned indoors, with a median age of initiation of 17.0 and 21.5, respectively. Among indoor tanners, 39.3% of females and 21.7% of males reported being burned while indoor tanning. Female ever indoor tanners were younger, had darker color eyes, and sunbathed more frequently than females who never tanned indoors. Using unique lifetime exposure data, 24.7% of female indoor tanners 31 and older persistently tanned indoors starting as teenagers. Female persistent indoor tanners drank significantly more alcohol, were less educated, had skin that tanned with prolonged sun exposure, and sunbathed outdoors more frequently than non-persistent tanners

  1. NMR-based metabolomic profiling of overweight adolescents – an elucidation of the effects of inter-/intra-individual differences, gender, pubertal development and physical activity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zheng, Hong; Yde, Christian Clement; Arnberg, Karina;

    2014-01-01

    The plasma and urine metabolome of 192 overweight 12-15-year-old adolescents (BMI of 25.4 ± 2.3 kg/m(2)) were examined in order to elucidate gender, pubertal development measured as Tanner stage, physical activity measured as number of steps taken daily, and intra-/interindividual differences...... in the metabolome are being commenced already in childhood. The relationship between Tanner stage and the metabolome showed that pubertal development stage was positively related to urinary creatinine excretion and negatively related to urinary citrate content. No relations between physical activity...... and the metabolome could be identified. The present study for the first time provides comprehensive information about associations between the metabolome and gender, pubertal development, and physical activity in overweight adolescents, which is an important subject group to approach in the prevention of obesity...

  2. Strength, flexibility, and maturity in adolescent athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pratt, M

    1989-05-01

    The relationship between lower-extremity strength and flexibility and maturational status as measured by Tanner staging (TS) was assessed in 84 male high school athletes. The sum of one-repetition maximum lifts for knee extension and flexion was determined and flexibility was measured with the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance sit-and-reach test. Chronologic age, body weight, and percent fat were also recorded. Strength and flexibility were compared for each maturational and chronologic age category. Maturational age was better correlated with strength and flexibility than was chronologic age. All correlations were significant. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated significant correlations of TS and age with strength and flexibility. Tanner staging had greater predictive value than age for strength and flexibility. After adjusting for age, the relationship between TS and strength remained significant.

  3. An optimized framework for degree distribution in LT codes based on power law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Asim; Muhammad; Choi; GoangSeog

    2013-01-01

    LT codes are practical realization of digital fountain codes, which provides the concept of rateless coding. In this scheme, encoded symbols are generated infinitely from k information symbols. Decoder uses only(1+α)k number of encoded symbols to recover the original information. The degree distribution function in the LT codes helps to generate a random graph also referred as tanner graph. The artifact of tanner graph is responsible for computational complexity and overhead in the LT codes. Intuitively, a well designed degree distribution can be used for an efficient implementation of LT codes. The degree distribution function is studied as a function of power law, and LT codes are classified into two different categories: SFLT and RLT codes. Also, two different degree distributions are proposed and analyzed for SFLT codes which guarantee optimal performance in terms of computational complexity and overhead.

  4. Height and weight of school children and adolescent girls and boys in Oslo 1970.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brundtland, G H; Liestöl, K; Wallöe, L

    1975-07-01

    Height and weight measurements of the school children of Oslo in 1970 (aged 7 to 19 years) are reported. Weights show considerably skewed distributions with long tails towards higher weights. Weight precentiles are calculated by interpolation in the empirical distributions. Percentiles and tables for both sexes, showing height for age, weight for height and weight for age, are presented. A comparison with existing Norwegian data from Sundal, 1956, Bergen shows that the application of statistics based on normal distribution for weight, has introduced considerable error in these percentiles. Oslo children in 1970 are taller by 5-6 cm at age eighteen, than USA (Iowa) standards and 4-5 cm taller compared to Tanner-s English percentiles. Oslo children are also taller than Swedish children, and have reached a stature higher than found in any other comparable study.

  5. Mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide and blood pressure in adolescents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Goharian, Tina S; Gimsing, Anders N; Goetze, Jens P

    2015-01-01

    Little is known about blood pressure in relation to circulating natriuretic peptide concentrations and gender in generally healthy adolescents. We studied 15-year-old females and males (n = 335) from the Danish site of the European Youth Heart Study (EYHS). Blood pressure was measured using...... a standardized protocol, sexual maturity was assessed according to Tanner stage, and as a surrogate for atrial natriuretic peptide, we measured mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) in plasma. Compared with boys, girls had lower systolic blood pressure (SBP) (mean ± SD: 109.6 ± 9.9 mmHg vs 116.......9 ± 11.4 mmHg, p adolescents were further subdivided according to Tanner stage, there were no differences in blood pressure...

  6. Residual Chromium in Leather by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    S. Okoh; I. O. Okunade; D. J. Adeyemo; Ahmed, Y A; A. A. Audu; E. Amali

    2012-01-01

    Problem statement: Most tanning processes employ the use of chromium sulphate. For chromium tanned leather, finished products may contain high amount of residual chromium. This may pose some health hazards, since chromium is known to be toxic at elevated concentration. This justifies the need for the study. Approach: Various samples of leather were collected from a tannery, a leather crafts market, a leather dump site and from local tanners all in Kano, Nigeria in 2009. The samples were irrad...

  7. Journal of Mormon History Vol. 18, No. 1, 1992

    OpenAIRE

    1992-01-01

    PRESIDENTIAL ADDRESS --The Mormon-RLDS Boundary, 1852-1991: Walls to Windows Richard P. Howard, 1 --Seniority in the Twelve: The 1875 Realignment of Orson Pratt Gary James Bergera, 19 --The Jews, the Mormons, and the Holocaust Douglas F. Tobler, 59 --Ultimate Taboos: Incest and Mormon Polygamy Jessie L. Embry, 93 --The Mormon Boundary Question in the 1849-50 Statehood Debates Glen M. Leonard, 114 --TANNER LECTURE Mormon "Deliverance" and the Closing of the...

  8. Phase I General Design Memorandum with Environmental Impact Statement. A Harbor for Light-Draft Vessels at Cross Village, Michigan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-07-01

    Increasing Sciurus nPsa Snowshoe Hare Low Decreasing Leausamericanus Woodcock High Increasing Philohela m Mourning Dove Medium Stable Zenaidura roura ...HEPFER HILARY F.. SHELL WILLIAM C. ROSE PAUL H4. WINDLER WLAMGMILEN oenrSTUART E. SHEILL HARRY N. WHITELEY EEONAOD H.; THOMSON JOAN L. WOLFE...OF NATURAL RESOURCES HARRY It WHITELEY HOWAID A. TANNER. Oirqclor JOAN L WOLFE CHAAILES 0 YOIJNGLOVF • September 22, 1980 Mr. P. McCallister Chief

  9. Forecasting Atmospheric Particulate Sulfur Concentrations Using National Weather Service Synoptic Charts

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-08-01

    ammonium bisulfate (NH4HSO4 ), ammonium sulfate ((NH 4)2SO 4), or sulfuric acid aerosol (H2SO4 ) (Tanner 1981; Georgii 1982, p. 301...particulate sulfur is primarily NH4HSO4 ( ammonium bisulfate ), and (NH4)2SO 4 ( ammonium sulfate) (Warneck 1988, p. 317). The relatively long residence...time and transport distances of atmospheric sulfur aerosols may allow for sulfuric acid deposition far from the sulfur source region. The long

  10. Requirement for specific gravity and creatinine adjustments for urinary steroids and luteinizing hormone concentrations in adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Gurmeet K S; Balzer, Ben W R; Desai, Reena; Jimenez, Mark; Steinbeck, Katharine S; Handelsman, David J

    2015-11-01

    Urinary hormone concentrations are often adjusted to correct for hydration status. We aimed to determine whether first morning void urine hormones in growing adolescents require adjustments and, if so, whether urinary creatinine or specific gravity are better adjustments. The study population was adolescents aged 10.1 to 14.3 years initially who provided fasting morning blood samples at 0 and 12 months (n = 343) and first morning urine every three months (n = 644). Unadjusted, creatinine and specific gravity-adjusted hormonal concentrations were compared by Deming regression and Bland-Altman analysis and grouped according to self-rated Tanner stage or chronological age. F-ratios for self-rated Tanner stages and age groups were used to compare unadjusted and adjusted hormonal changes in growing young adolescents. Correlations of paired serum and urinary hormonal concentration of unadjusted and creatinine and specific gravity-adjusted were also compared. Fasting first morning void hormone concentrations correlated well and were unbiased between unadjusted or adjusted by either creatinine or specific gravity. Urine creatinine concentration increases with Tanner stages, age and male gender whereas urine specific gravity was not influenced by Tanner stage, age or gender. Adjustment by creatinine or specific gravity of urinary luteinizing hormone, estradiol, testosterone, dihydrotestosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone concentrations did not improve correlation with paired serum concentrations. Urine steroid and luteinizing hormone concentrations in first morning void samples of adolescents are not significantly influenced by hydration status and may not require adjustments; however, if desired, both creatinine and specific gravity adjustments are equally suitable. © The Author(s) 2015.

  11. Human Brucellosis Trends: Re-Emergence and Prospects for Control Using a One Health Approach in Azerbaijan (19832009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-25

    Agricultural intensification, priming for persistence and the emergence of Nipah virus: a lethal bat-borne zoonosis . J. R. Soc. Interface, 9, 89–101. Roth, F...Sriranganathan, 2010: Brucellosis: a re-emerging zoonosis . Vet. Microbiol., 140, 392–398. Ward, D., R. Jackson, H. Karomatullo, T. Khakimov, K. Kur- bonov...Savigny, and M. Tanner, 2007: Human benefits of animal interventions for zoonosis control. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 13, 527. Zinsstag, J., S. D€urr, M. Penny

  12. The Parkinsons Registry Investigation of Diagnosis and Etiology (PRIDE) Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-01

    Caroline M. Tanner, MD, PhD CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: Northern California Institute for Research and Education San Francisco, CA 94121-1545...Northern California Institute for Research and Education San Francisco, CA 94121-1545 9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10...residential addresses. a) All subjects will be mailed a questionnaire requesting lifelong address information; b) For non-respondents, we will use a

  13. OM85. Basic Properties of Optical Materials Summaries of Papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-05-01

    Optical Properties of Solids (Academic, New York, 1972) Ch.3. 7. D.B. Tanner, A.J...12, (1973). 6. T. Fleisch and R. Abermann, Thin Solid FilffF-42, 255-263 (1977). 7. F. Wooten, Optical Properties of Solids (Academic Press, New York...resolve cp structure. Such mea- surements are still lacking for many common semiconducting materials. REFERENCES 1. D.E. Aspnes, in Optical Properties of Solids :

  14. A New CMOS Current-Mode Folding Amplifier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.A Al-Absi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a new CMOS current-mode folding amplifier is proposed. The circuit is designed using MOSFETs operating in strong inversion. The design produces a nearly ideal saw-tooth input-output characteristic which is a mandatory requirement in folding analog-to-digital converters. The functionality of the proposed circuit was confirmed using Tanner simulation tools in 0.35 µm CMOS technology. Simulation results are in excellent agreement with the theory.

  15. Design of Enhanced Performance Folded Cascoded Operational Transconductance Amplifier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soni, Priyanka; Singh, B. P.; Bhardwaj, Monika

    2010-11-01

    This paper presents a modified folded cascode transconductance amplifier. Inclusion of an extra stage and compensation network in the proposed amplifier enhanced the performance over the conventional folded. The proposed circuit offers good trade-off on the conflicting performance parameters such as bandwidth, slew rate, d.c. gain, phase margin and settling time. The simulation has been carried out on Tanner EDA tool on TSMC 180 nm technology.

  16. The Parkinson’s Registry Investigation of Diagnosis and Etiology (PRIDE) Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    California and extensive state toxicants databases to investigate the causes of PD and PD-related morbidity and mortality. Study Design: Phase 1...Relevance: This work can help identify the causes and, ultimately, ways to prevent PD. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Parkinson’s disease, gene-environment, toxicants...as genotype-environment interactions related to LRRK2 parkinsonism . Role: Co-Investigator W81XWH-04-1-0490 (PI: Tanner) 4/1/2004 – 5/1/2014

  17. Bilingualism. Bilingual education. Natal/RN

    OpenAIRE

    Orlando Vian Jr; Janaina Weissheimer; Lígia Leite; Rodrigo Queiroz; Wilka Soares; José Mauro Uchôa; James Vasconcelos

    2013-01-01

    This paper aims at presenting a preliminary account of the bilingual education in Natal/RN based on the notions of bilingual (GROSJEAN, 1982; WEI, 2000) and bilingual education (HAMERS; BLANC, 2000; FISHMAN; LOVAS, 1970; DALE; TANNER, 2012). The data were collected through questionnaires and interviews in four private bilingual schools in Natal/RN. Results indicate that most of the schools include two languages concomitantly in their bilingual curriculum with differences as regards the hour l...

  18. Casos Clínicos Hamartoma hipotalámico, una causa de pubertad precoz: Caso clínico

    OpenAIRE

    Alvarado R,José; López M,José Manuel

    2001-01-01

    Hypothalamic hamartomas are non neoplastic lesions that may cause precocious puberty with or without complex seizures, personality disorders and mental retardation. We report a 14 years old male that had a precocious puberty at the age of 11 and a prolonged episode of altered sensorium with automatism, that was diagnosed as a complex seizure. Physical examination showed a sexual development classified as Tanner stage III-IV, a height of 168 cm and a weight of 61 kg. Neurological examination w...

  19. Evaluation of sleep, puberty and mental health in children with long-term melatonin treatment for chronic idiopathic childhood sleep onset insomnia

    OpenAIRE

    van Geijlswijk, I.M.; Mol, R.H.; Egberts, A.C.G.; Smits, M.G.

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To establish whether long-term use of melatonin influences pubertal development, sleep quality and mental health development in children as compared with the normal Dutch population of the same age. METHODS: This follow-up research study was conducted in children included in a previous melatonin dose-finding trial. Outcomes were measured using questionnaires (Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) and Tanner Stages) adopted for ...

  20. Frequency-Locking in a Spatially Extended Predator-Prey Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Cun-Juan; TAN Ying-Xin

    2011-01-01

    The study is concerned with the effect of variable dispersal rates on Turing instability of a spatial Holling-Tanner system. A series of numerical simulations show that the oscillatory Turing pattern can emerge due to period diffusion coefficient. Moreover, we find that when the amplitude is above a threshold, 1 : 1 frequency-locking oscillation can be obtained. The results show that period diffusion coefficient plays an important role on the pattern formation in the predator-prey system.

  1. "We Have Not Learned How to Wage War There": The Soviet Approach in Afghanistan 1979-1989 (Occasional Paper, Number 36)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    shocked by the whole affair. A report by the Politburo painted Amin as, “an ambitious, cruel, treacherous person . . . insincere and two-faced.” When the...Harper Collins , 2002), 143. 14. Stephen Tanner, Afghanistan: A Military History from Alexander the Great to the War against the Taliban (Revised...Columbia University Press, 2005), 91. 17. Gregory Feifer, The Great Gamble: The Soviet War in Afghanistan (New York, NY: Harper Collins , 2009), 31

  2. U. S. Naval Forces, Vietnam Monthly Historical Summary for April 1971

    Science.gov (United States)

    1971-06-04

    towed to the 31st - Regimental Command Post. Two Americans, BM2 R. B. Fejaranez - and ENZ Terry M. Tanner, and three Vietnamese sailors, were wounded...following day. On 12 April, two U.S. senators, the Honorable T. F. Eagleton (D-Mo.) and T. F. Stevens (R-Ark) arrived in DaNang . .* : CONFIDENTIAL 117...Stephen Vossmeyer legislative assistant to Senator Eagleton , and Colonel Joseph E. O’Leary,, Secretary of the Army Representative. On 9 April

  3. Pubertal assessment: targeted educational intervention for pediatric trainees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khokhar, Aditi; Nagarajan, Sairaman; Ravichandran, Yagnaram; Perez-Colon, Sheila

    2017-08-18

    Background Timely and periodic pubertal assessment in children is vital to identify puberty related disorders. Pediatricians need to have working knowledge of puberty time and tempo. Pediatric residency is an important platform to acquire physical examination skills including pubertal assessment. Objective An educational intervention for teaching pubertal assessment was piloted on pediatric residents at our institution. Methods The intervention comprised of interactive lecture series, ID badge size Tanner stage cards and Tanner posters placed in residents' continuity clinics. Pre-intervention, post-intervention and 3 months post-intervention surveys for participating trainees were administered to determine the effectiveness of the intervention. Attitudes, practices, knowledge scores, and barriers to Tanner staging conduct were analyzed. Results Forty-three residents participated in the intervention. Knowledge scores of PGY1 (5.95 ± 1.6 vs. 7.47 ± 1.4, p < 0.01) improved right after the intervention, as did self-reported clinical practices of all trainees 3 months post- intervention with regards to conducting external genital examination and performing pubertal assessment. Confidence levels of pediatric trainees in conducting pubertal assessment and comfort levels in assessing the need for endocrine referral based on abnormal Tanner staging improved after the intervention, although the effect was not statistically significant. Conclusion Our intervention is a worthwhile technique for teaching pubertal assessment to residents as it is simple to conduct, easily reproducible, provides baseline knowledge needed for recognition of normal pubertal development and puberty related conditions, and instills confidence in residents.

  4. Fractions of carbohydrates and of nitrogenous compounds of tropical grasses at different cutting ages

    OpenAIRE

    Patrícia Regina de Souza Siqueira Campos; José Fernando Coelho da Silva; Hernán Maldonado Vásquez; Andréa Vittori; Martinho de Almeida e Silva

    2010-01-01

    It was evaluated by the Cornell System carbohidrates fractions and nitrogenous compounds of the following grasses at the cutting ages of 14, 28, 42, and 56 days: nilo grass (Acroceras macrum), angola grass (Brachiaria purpurascens), aleman grass (Echinochloa polystachya), limpo grass (Hemarthria altíssima), setaria grass (Setaria anceps), tanner grass (Brachiaria arrecta), and tifton-85 grass (Cynodon spp). The experiment was carried out in a complete randomized block design, in a split plot ...

  5. Analytical Solution of Linear, Quadratic and Cubic Model of PTT Fluid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naeem Faraz

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available An attempt is made for the first time to solve the quadratic and cubic model of magneto hydrodynamic Poiseuille flow of Phan-Thein-Tanner (PTT. Series solution of magneto hydrodynamic (MHD flow is developed by using homotopy perturbation method (HPM. Results are presented graphically and the effects of non-dimensional parameters on the flow field are analyzed. The results obtained reveals many interesting behaviors that warrant further study on the equations related to non-Newtonian fluid phenomena.

  6. Maturidade, desempenho académico, capacidade de raciocínio e estatuto sócioeconómico em crianças de Lisboa entre os 6 e os 13 anos de idade

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Barrigas; Isabel Fragoso

    2012-01-01

    This essay intends to evaluate the association between maturity, academic performance (AP), reasoning ability (RA) and socio-economic status (SES) in a sample of 792 children (394 boys and 398 girls), with ages between 6 and 13 years old. Maturity was estimated through the bone age (Tanner et al., 2001) and the academic performance was obtained through inquiries to teachers, results of school tests and the levels achieved during the second term. The socio-economical status (SES) was estimated...

  7. Nutritional and Genetic Determinants of Early Puberty

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-06-01

    congenital adrenal hyperplasia , develop a more central adipose tissue distribution. This suggests that circulating testosterone favors an increase in...for dietary intake, body size and composition, sexual maturation, growth and bone density. Data collection will be extended by conducting a third...two years later in 2002-2003, for dietary intake, body size and composition, sexual maturation (Tanner staging), growth and bone density. Data

  8. Associations between neuromuscular function and levels of physical activity differ for boys and girls during puberty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudroff, Thorsten; Kelsey, Megan M; Melanson, Edward L; McQueen, Matthew B; Enoka, Roger M

    2013-08-01

    To compare the associations between neuromuscular performance and anthropometric characteristics with habitual levels of physical activity in boys and girls during the initial stages of puberty. In a cross-sectional study of 72 healthy children (39 boys and 33 girls) ranging in age from 8 to 14 years, sex differences in anthropometric and motor performance characteristics were compared at 3 Tanner stages (T1-T3). Outcome variables included dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry measurements of body composition, assessments of neuromuscular function, and levels of physical activity (steps/day) measured by accelerometry. Physical activity was lower in girls than boys at T2 and T3, but there was no sex difference at T1. Physical activity increased with Tanner stage for boys but did not differ between Tanner stages in girls. Physical activity at each Tanner stage was strongly associated (R(2) > 0.85) with neuromuscular characteristics for both boys and girls, but percentage of body fat also was associated with physical activity for T3 girls. The attenuated gains in neuromuscular function experienced by girls in early stages of puberty were strongly associated with lower levels of physical activity, whereas the increase in physical activity exhibited by boys was mostly related to increases in the strength and endurance of leg muscles. Because sedentary activity is a known contributor to the development of obesity and type 2 diabetes in youth, this study helps to identify possible contributors to decreases in physical activity in young girls and provides potential targets for early intervention. Copyright © 2013 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. An Infant Case of Hyperprolactinemia Induced by a Functional Disorder of the Hypothalamus

    OpenAIRE

    Kubo, Toshihide; Furujo, Mahoko

    2007-01-01

    Although functional hyperprolactinemia originating in the hypothalamus has been observed, there have so far been few reports of this condition occurring in children. This report describes a 1-yr-and-4-mo old boy with hyperprolactinemia due to functional disorder of the hypothalamic region. He was referred to our hospital because of left gynecomastia which had been observed for one month. His left breast development was stage II, right breast stage I, and pubic hair stage I by Tanner stages, a...

  10. International Security. Volume 32, Number 4, Spring 2008. No Sign until the Burst of Fire. Understanding the Pakistan-Afghanistan Frontier

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    geography and typography of the International Security 32:4 42 telligence, The Terrorist Threat to the U.S. Homeland (Washington, D.C.: National...ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980). 18. Quoted in Stephen Tanner, Afghanistan: A Military History from Alexander the Great to the Fall of...Olaf Caroe, The Pathans (Oxford: Oxford University , 1958). 21. See Thomas H. Johnson and M. Chris Mason, “Understanding the Taliban and Insurgency in

  11. 2006 World Parkinson Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-01

    Hardy (USA) Chair) Venue 12:00 PM (20 min) Karen Marder (USA) "The Epidemiology of Dementia in Parkinson’s Disease" 201 (400) 12:20 PM (20 min...Parkinson- Dementia Complex: An Update Oliver Sacks (USA) Room 201 (2)3:15-4:15 PM [Community] Exercise: Dance for Parkinson’s Disease Symptoms...Approach to Neuroprotection: potential for Nicotine in Parkinson’s Disease Therapy Caroline Tanner(USA); Maryka Quik (USA), Bernard Ravina (USA

  12. Trajectories for Locomotion Systems: A Geometric and Computational Approach via Series Expansions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-10-11

    IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control , vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 575–589, 2003 (c) J. Cortés, S... IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control , vol. 48, no. 6, pp. 988–1001, 2003. [16] H. Tanner, A. Jadbabaie, and G. J. Pappas, “Flocking in fixed and... Transactions on Automatic Control , vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 575–589, 2003. [3] T. Karatas and F. Bullo, “Randomized searches and nonlinear programming

  13. A Signal Detection Model of Compound Decision Tasks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    strict isolation (for many examples of such models see Egan, 1975; Macmillan & Creelman , 1991). The result has been twofold: A rich corpus of decision...Macmillan & Creelman , 1991). It is important to point out that SDT models are primarily decision models. They specify the rules and procedures for how...Broadbent, 1958; Macmillan & Creelman , 1991; Nolte & Jaarsma, 1967; Swensson & Judy, 1981; Tanner & Norman, 1954). To better understand how these two

  14. Temporally asymmetric diffusion weighting gradients in nuclear magnetic resonance: odd moments, drums, and the k/q relationship

    CERN Document Server

    Stieltjes, Frederik Bernd Laun Wolfhard Semmler Bram

    2010-01-01

    Temporally asymmetric gradient profiles in nuclear magnetic resonance diffusion experiments are investigated using modified Stejskal-Tanner gradients. Three novel findings are presented. 1. The phase of the diffusion-weighted signal contains information about the confining geometry. This information can be extracted from the 'diffusion-weighted phase'. 2. In the motional narrowing regime, it is possible to exactly determine the confining boundary in closed domains. 3. Diffusion-weighting gradients can act like imaging gradients.

  15. Mood changes after indoor tanning among college women: associations with psychiatric/addictive symptoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolyn Heckman

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Indoor tanning (IT has been linked with psychiatric and addictive symptoms, and frequent tanning may indicate tanning dependence (addiction. The current study evaluated the effects of an IT episode on mood states and the association of these effects with psychiatric and addictive symptoms among young adult female indoor tanners. One-hundred thirty-nine female university students aged 18-25 years who had indoor tanned completed an online survey including the Positive and Negative Affects Scales and a standardized psychiatric interview (the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview via telephone. Psychiatric and addictive symptoms were relatively common among these young adult female indoor tanners. Overall, participants reported significant decreases in both negative (upset, scared, irritable, nervous, jittery, afraid and positive (feeling interested mood states after their most recent tanning episode. Multivariable linear regression analyses showed that more frequent indoor tanning in the past month and symptoms of illicit drug use disorders were associated with decreases in negative mood, and symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder were associated with a decrease in feeling interested. In summary, indoor tanners report relatively high rates of psychiatric and substance use symptoms, including symptoms of tanning dependence, and indoor tanning appears to alter mood. Women with certain substance use and psychiatric characteristics may be more vulnerable to such mood changes after tanning indoors. Further research is needed to clarify the relationships among these variables.

  16. A review on management of chrome-tanned leather shavings: a holistic paradigm to combat the environmental issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pati, Anupama; Chaudhary, Rubina; Subramani, Saravanabhavan

    2014-10-01

    Raw hide/skins come to the tanners as a by-product of meat industry which is converted into value-added leather as product for fashion market. Leather manufacturing is a chemical process of natural biological matrix. It employs a huge quantity of water and inorganic and organic chemicals for processing and thereby discharges solid and liquid wastes into the environment. One of the potential solid wastes generated from leather industry is chrome-tanned leather shavings (CTLSs), and its disposal is increasingly becoming a huge challenge on disposal to tanners due to presence of heavy metal chromium. Hence, finding a sustainable solution to the CTLS disposal problem is a prime challenge for global tanners and researchers. This paper aims to the deeper review of various disposal methods on CTLS such as protein, chromium, and energy recovery processes and its utilization methodologies. Sustainable technologies have been developed to overcome CTLS solid wastes emanating from leather processing operations. Further, this review paper brings a broader classification of developed methodologies for treatment of CTLSs.

  17. Review of Interventions to Reduce Ultraviolet Tanning: Need for Treatments Targeting Excessive Tanning, an Emerging Addictive Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stapleton, Jerod L; Hillhouse, Joel; Levonyan-Radloff, Kristine; Manne, Sharon L

    2017-06-22

    Millions of Americans engage in tanning each year, defined as intentional ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure in the form of sunbathing or the use of indoor tanning beds. An emerging body of research suggests that UVR has addictive properties and some tanners engage in excessive tanning. This article provides an overview of the evidence of tanning addiction and a systematic review of existing tanning interventions with the goal of evaluating their potential to impact addicted tanners. Our search identified 24 intervention studies that were summarized and discussed according to 3 primary themes. First, there is a dearth of tanning interventions that target excessive tanning or are designed as treatments for tanning addiction. Second, tanning interventions are primarily educational interventions designed to increase knowledge of the risks of tanning. Third, there are notable aspects of existing tanning interventions that are relevant to addiction science, including the use of brief motivational and cognitive-behavioral-based interventions. Future directions are considered including recommendations for utilizing the existing evidence base to formulate interventions targeting excessive tanners. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  18. Evolution of fat oxidation during exercise in obese pubertal boys: clinical implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zunquin, Gautier; Theunynck, Denis; Sesboue, Bruno; Arhan, Pierre; Bougle, Dominique

    2009-02-15

    In this study, we examined fat oxidation rates during exercise in obese pubescent boys. Three groups of pubescent boys (16 pre-pubescent, Tanner's stage I; 16 pubescent, Tanner's stage III; and 14 post-pubescent, Tanner's stage V) performed a graded test on a leg cycle ergometer. The first step of the test was fixed at 30 W and power was gradually increased by 20 W every 3.5 min. Oxygen consumption (VO(2)) and carbon dioxide production (VCO(2)) were determined as the means of measurements during the last 30 s of each step, which allowed us to calculate fat oxidation rates versus exercise intensity. Between 20 and 50% of peak oxygen consumption (VO(2peak)), fat oxidation rate in relative values (mg . min(-1) . kg FFM(-1)) decreased continuously with pubertal development. In the same way, the maximum rate of fat oxidation occurred at a lower percentage of VO(2peak) (pre-pubescent: 49.47 +/- 1.62%; pubescent: 47.43 +/- 1.26%; post-pubescent: 45.00 +/- 0.97%). Our results confirm that puberty is responsible for a decrease in fat free mass capacities to use fat during exercise. The results suggest that post-pubescent obese boys need to practise physical activity at a lower intensity than pre-pubescent boys to enhance lipolysis and diminish adipose tissue and the consequences of obesity.

  19. Üliõpilaste teadustööde konkurss / Anu Taprimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taprimäe, Anu

    2000-01-01

    Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli üliõpilaste teadustööde konkursil said preemiad humanitaarteaduste komisjonilt: peapreemia Priit Ratassepp bakalaureusetöö "A.H.Tammsaare "Põrgupõhja uus Vanapagan" narratiivi teksti ja seda moodustavate kõnetegude analüüs" eest. Preemiad said veel Sergei Dotsenko, Mait Laas, Tiiu Männiste, Heidi Meier, Risto Paju, Margit Peenoja, Dimitri Mironov, Janek Innos, Kairi Reiter ja Maria Erss. Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli üliõpilaste teadustööde konkursil said preemiad geo- ja bioteaduste komisjonilt: Helen Orav, Reimo Rivis, Kaire Torn, Egle Hollman, Krister Põllupüü, Allan Lorents, Merle Kerde, Hele Kiimann, Hannes Tõnisson, Roland Müür; täppisteaduste komisjonilt: Astrid Haljas, Tambet Lember, Tiina Sard, Svetlana Malahhova, Moonika Veimer, Marge Lõuke, Margo Engel, Kadri Kalm, Kersti Truu; sotsiaalteaduste komisjonilt: Endel Põder, Erik Juzykain, Ly Kästik, Kadri Kütt, Kristiina Uriko, Teele Kaldoja, Marika Asberg, Riina Raun, Birgit Villa, Larissa Kus, Kristi Klaasmägi; kasvatusteaduste komisjonilt: Aina Haljaste, Triin Jaanisk, Reelika Rannala, Ermo Soobik, Moonika Nerman, Liina Tamm, Aet Soosaar, Kadri Ummus; sporditeaduste komisjonilt: Rain Rosin, Kristin Randver, Indrek Rannama

  20. Effect of pubertal development and physical activity on plasma ghrelin concentration in boys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jürimäe, J; Cicchella, A; Tillmann, V; Lätt, E; Haljaste, K; Purge, P; Pomerants, T; Jürimäe, T

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of regular physical activity on plasma ghrelin concentration in pre-pubertal and pubertal boys. In addition, the impact of ghrelin concentration on bone mineral density (BMD) was examined. In total, 56 healthy schoolboys aged between 10 and 16 yr were divided into the swimming (no.=28) and the control (no.=28) groups. The subjects were matched by age and body mass index (BMI), generating 9 matched pairs in pubertal group I (Tanner stage 1), 11 pairs in group II (Tanner stages 2 and 3), and 8 pairs in group III (Tanner stages 4 and 5). Swimmers in pubertal groups II and III had significantly (both pghrelin levels than the controls (group II: 1126.8+/-406.0 vs 868.3+/-411.2 pg/ml; group III: 1105.5+/-337.5 vs 850.8+/-306.0 pg/ml, respectively), whereas no difference was seen in the pubertal group I (1230.8+/-386.0 vs 1272.7+/-424.4 pg/ml). Ghrelin was the most important hormonal determinant for total BMD and lumbar apparent volumetric BMD (BMAD) (R2=27.2% and R2=19.8%, respectively) in swimmers, whereas in control boys, plasma IGF-I was the most important hormonal predictor accounting for 41.8% of the variability of total BMD and 20.4% of the variability of lumbar BMAD. In conclusion, ghrelin concentration decreased during puberty in physically inactive boys, while in regularly physically active boys it remained relatively unchanged. Ghrelin appears to be an important hormonal predictor for BMD in physically active boys, while BMD is mostly determined by IGF-I in physically inactive boys.

  1. Maturity assessment and curve progression in girls with idiopathic scoliosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanders, James O; Browne, Richard H; McConnell, Sharon J; Margraf, Susan A; Cooney, Timothy E; Finegold, David N

    2007-01-01

    Scoliosis progression during adolescence is closely related to patient maturity. Maturity has various indicators, including chronological age, height and weight changes, and skeletal and sexual maturation. It is not certain which of these indicators correlates most strongly with scoliosis progression. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate various maturity measurements and how they relate to scoliosis progression. Physically immature girls with idiopathic scoliosis were evaluated every six months through their growth spurt with serial spinal radiographs; hand skeletal ages; Oxford pelvic scores; Risser sign determinations; height; weight; sexual staging; and serologic studies of the levels of selected growth factors, estradiol, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, and osteocalcin. These measurements were then correlated with the curve-acceleration phase. The period and pattern of curve acceleration began during Risser stage 0 for all patients. Skeletal maturation scores derived with the use of the Tanner-Whitehouse-III RUS method, particularly those for the metacarpals and phalanges, were superior to all other indicators of maturity. Regression of the scores provided good estimates of maturity relative to the period of curve progression (Pearson r = 0.93). The initiation of this period occurred simultaneously with digital changes from Tanner-Whitehouse-III stage F to G. At this stage, curves also separated into rapid, moderate, and low-acceleration patterns, with specific curve types in the rapid and moderate-acceleration groups. The low-acceleration group was not confined to a specific curve type. The curve-acceleration phase separates curves into various types of curve progression. The Tanner-Whitehouse-III RUS scores are highly correlated with timing relative to the curve-acceleration phase and provide better maturity determination and prognosis determination during adolescence than the other parameters tested. Accurate skeletal maturity determination

  2. Tracking of anthropometric parameters and bioelectrical impedance in pubertal boys and girls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leppik, Aire; Jürimäe, Toivo; Jürimäe, Jaak

    2006-12-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the anthropometric parameters and body impedance once per year during four years of the pubertal period in Estonian children. In total, 81 boys and 86 girls aged 10-11 years at the beginning of the study were investigated. Pubertal status was self-assessed by sexual maturation stages according to Tanner and physical activity index (PAI) according to Telama et al.. Body height and weight were measured and body mass index (BMI) calculated. In total, 9 skinfolds, 13 girths, 8 lengths and 8 breadths/lengths were measured according to the protocol of the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry. Somatotype components were estimated according to the method of Carter and Heath. Body impedance was measured using Multiscan 5000 (Bodystat, UK) and the impedance index (height/impedance) was calculated. The tracking of body height, weight, BMI, skinfolds, girths, lengths, breadth/lengths and body impedance was high (as a rule r> or =0.9). By increasing the time period, the correlation slightly decreased. In contrast, tracking correlations for PAI and Tanner stages were significant but quite low. Increase in mean body height was highest between 12-13 years of age (6.9 cm per year) in boys and in girls between 11-12 years of age (6.3 cm per year). In boys and girls, the peak increase in body weight was between 11 and 12 years of age, 5.7 kg and 5.2 kg, respectively. With the increasing age, body impedance decreased and impedance index increased. In conclusion, our results indicate that during puberty the detailed anthropometric parameters and body impedance tracked highly. However, the tracking of PAI and Tanner stages was significant but relatively low.

  3. High speed multiplier design using Decomposition Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramanathan Palaniappan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The multiplier forms the core of a Digital Signal Processor and is a major source of power dissipation. Often, the multiplier forms the limiting factor for the maximum speed of operation of a Digital Signal Processor. Due to continuing integrating intensity and the growing needs of portable devices, low-power, high-performance design is of prime importance. A new technique of implementing a multiplier circuit using Decomposition Logic is proposed here which improves speed with very little increase in power dissipation when compared to tree structured Dadda multipliers. Tanner EDA was used for simulation in the TSMC 180nm technology.

  4. Body Fat, Abdominal Fat, and Body Fat Distribution Is Related to Left Atrial Diameter in Young Children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dencker, Magnus; Thorsson, Ola; Karlsson, Magnus K

    2012-01-01

    ). Body fat was also calculated as a percentage of body mass (BF%). Body fat distribution (AFM/TBF) was calculated. Echocardiography was performed with two-dimensional guided M-mode. LA diameter was measured and left ventricular mass (LVM) was calculated. Systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood......In adults, the size of the left atria (LA) has important prognostic information. In obese adults, adolescents and children enlargement of LA have been observed. This has not been investigated on a population-based level in young children. We therefore assessed if total body fat mass (TBF...... pressure were measured and maturity assessed according to Tanner. There were significant (P

  5. STS-97 MS Noriega prepares to enter Endeavour from the White Room

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    In the White Room, STS-97 Mission Specialist Carlos Noriega Tanner prepares for entry into Space Shuttle Endeavour with the help of the Closeout Crew, Travis Thompson (left) and Jack Burritt (right). Space Shuttle Endeavour is targeted to launch Nov. 30 at 10:06 p.m. EST for the six construction flight to the International Space Station. Endeavour is transporting the P6 Integrated Truss Structure that comprises Solar Array Wing-3 and the Integrated Electronic Assembly, to provide power to the Space Station. After the 11-day mission, which includes three spacewalks, it is expected to land at KSC Dec. 11 at 6:19 p.m. EST.

  6. Metastable Transition Metal Alloys Produced by Rapid Quenching: Structure and Properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    U.S. Patent 4,050,931 (1977) to L. E. Tanner, I W. B. Peamon, A Handbook of Lattice Spacings R. Ray and C. F. Clive . and Structures of Metals and...necessarily the best available for this purpose. Artner and Argent x° and Catterall and Barker :" in- impurity analysis (wt pct): Ta (0.15): TI, Fe, 0...pp. 114348. tion line and suggest a change of the partial molar 11. J.A. Cateralland S.M. Barker : I’hnsiePoc. 1964, pp. 577-87. volume of Nb from Vw3

  7. Extracting Hidden-Photon Dark Matter From an LC-Circuit

    CERN Document Server

    Arias, Paola; Döbrich, Babette; Gamboa, Jorge; Mendez, Fernando

    2015-01-01

    We point out that a cold dark matter condensate made of gauge bosons from an extra hidden U(1) sector - dubbed hidden- photons - can create a small, oscillating electric density current. Thus, they could also be searched for in the recently proposed LC-circuit setup conceived for axion cold dark matter search by Sikivie, Sullivan and Tanner. We estimate the sensitivity of this setup for hidden-photon cold dark matter and we find it could cover a sizable, so far unexplored parameter space.

  8. Subfoveal Choroidal Thickness in 1323 Children Aged 11 to 12 Years and Association With Puberty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Xiao Qiang; Jeppesen, Pia; Larsen, Michael

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: To investigate subfoveal choroidal thickness and ocular- and systemic-associated factors in a population-based cohort of children. METHODS: Cross-sectional, observational study where 1323 healthy 11- and 12-year-old children were examined with enhanced-depth imaging spectral-domain optical...... coherence tomography (EDI-SD-OCT), ocular interferometric biometry, blood pressure manometry, and measurement of height, weight, nonmydriatic refraction, and best-corrected visual acuity. Self-reported stage of pubertal development was classified as Tanner stages 1 through 4. RESULTS: Mean subfoveal...

  9. Teaching research: strategies for a successful learning equation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fowler, Susan B

    2014-07-01

    Educators who teach or facilitate understanding of research need to overcome the barrier that nurses may not value research for practice, as identified by Pravikoff, Tanner, and Pierce (2005), with innovative, interactive strategies to align with requirements for the 21st century. Educators need to generate a perception that research is useful, rewarding, fun, and worthwhile. Educators of research need to extend beyond academic learning and continue to develop and implement innovative strategies in clinical education programs (Berman, 2013). Research is a skill that requires a foundation of knowledge and its applicability to practice or 'real life'.

  10. A Voltage Controlled Oscillator using Ring Structure in CMOS Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mrs. Devendra Rani

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Voltage-Controlled Ring Oscillators are crucial components in many wireless communication systems. The goal of this project is to design a high speed and lower power consumption, a voltage controlled oscillator (VCO, based on ring oscillators in 250nm CMOS technology, which provides a frequency of 2.4GHz. This CMOS based VCO is used for high speed wireless communication applications. A design of VCO includes delay cell, bias circuitry, and tuning circuitry using Tanner 13.0v software.

  11. Bilingualism. Bilingual education. Natal/RN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando Vian Jr

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at presenting a preliminary account of the bilingual education in Natal/RN based on the notions of bilingual (GROSJEAN, 1982; WEI, 2000 and bilingual education (HAMERS; BLANC, 2000; FISHMAN; LOVAS, 1970; DALE; TANNER, 2012. The data were collected through questionnaires and interviews in four private bilingual schools in Natal/RN. Results indicate that most of the schools include two languages concomitantly in their bilingual curriculum with differences as regards the hour load to work with each of the languages

  12. DOIND: a technique for leakage reduction in nanoscale domino logic circuits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad Shah, Ambika; Neema, Vaibhav; Daulatabad, Shreeniwas

    2016-05-01

    A novel DOIND logic approach is proposed for domino logic, which reduces the leakage current with a minimum delay penalty. Simulation is performed at 70 nm technology node with supply voltage 1V for domino logic and DOIND logic based AND, OR, XOR and Half Adder circuits using the tanner EDA tool. Simulation results show that the proposed DOIND approach decreases the average leakage current by 68.83%, 66.6%, 77.86% and 74.34% for 2 input AND, OR, XOR and Half Adder respectively. The proposed approach also has 47.76% improvement in PDAP for the buffer circuit as compared to domino logic.

  13. Uterine volume and endometrial thickness in healthy girls evaluated by ultrasound (3-dimensional) and magnetic resonance imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hagen, Casper P; Mouritsen, Annette; Mieritz, Mikkel G

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To report normative data on uterine volume and endometrial thickness in girls, according to pubertal stages; to evaluate factors that affect uterine volume; and to compare transabdominal ultrasound (TAUS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of a nested...... cohort of girls participating in The Copenhagen Mother-Child Cohort. SETTING: General community. PATIENT(S): One hundred twenty-one healthy girls, aged 9.8-14.7 years. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Clinical examination, including pubertal breast stage (Tanner classification: B1-B5...

  14. High Temperature Superconducting Films and Multilayers for Electronics

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-04-19

    short-circuit the Josephson [ 121 G. Malandrino, D.S. Richeson, T.J. Marks, D.C. DeGroot . interlayer coupling. These results explain why J.L. Schindler...Tanner, Phys. Rev. Michaels, A. A. *Stacy, H.-C. zur Loye, D. E. Morris , T. W. Lett. 58, 2249 (1987). Barbee, III, L. C. Bourne, M. L. Cohen, S. Hoen...Ming Tang, R. Zanoni, M. Onellion, Robert Joynt, D.L. Huber, G. Margaritondo, P.A. Morris , W.A. Bonner, J.M. Tarascon, and N.G. Stoffel, PAys. Rev

  15. The BoneXpert method for automated determination of skeletal maturity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thodberg, Hans Henrik; Kreiborg, Sven; Juul, Anders

    2009-01-01

    Bone age rating is associated with a considerable variability from the human interpretation, and this is the motivation for presenting a new method for automated determination of bone age (skeletal maturity). The method, called BoneXpert, reconstructs, from radiographs of the hand, the borders...... of 15 bones automatically and then computes "intrinsic" bone ages for each of 13 bones (radius, ulna, and 11 short bones). Finally, it transforms the intrinsic bone ages into Greulich Pyle (GP) or Tanner Whitehouse (TW) bone age. The bone reconstruction method automatically rejects images with abnormal...

  16. Thermal convection of viscoelastic shear-thinning fluids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albaalbaki, Bashar; Khayat, Roger E.; Ahmed, Zahir U.

    2016-12-01

    The Rayleigh-Bénard convection for non-Newtonian fluids possessing both viscoelastic and shear-thinning behaviours is examined. The Phan-Thien-Tanner (PTT) constitutive equation is implemented to model the non-Newtonian character of the fluid. It is found that while the shear-thinning and viscoelastic effects could annihilate one another for the steady roll flow, presence of both behaviours restricts the roll stability limit significantly compared to the cases when the fluid is either inelastic shear-thinning or purely viscoelastic with constant viscosity.

  17. Use of energy-dispersive x-ray microanalysis as a rapid method for demarcating areas around marine outfalls that may be influenced by effluent: a case study

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Gregory, MA

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available by Professor Peter A. Tanner, Professor in the Department of Biology and Chemistry at City University of Hong Kong. Address correspondence to Professor M. A. Gregory, Govan Mbeki Research Centre, University of Durban-Westville, Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000...- tial extraction scheme for Cu, Cr, Fe and Al speciation in marine particulates by scanning electron microscopy (SEM-EDX) and absorption and emission spec- troscopy (ETA-AAS and ICI-AES). In Proc. Congresso dell Assoziazione Italian di Oceanologia e...

  18. Pattern formation induced by cross-diffusion in a predator-prey system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Gui-Quan; Jin Zhen; Liu Quan-Xing; Li Li

    2008-01-01

    This paper considers the Holling-Tanner model for predator-prey with self and cross-diffusion.From the Turing theory,it is believed that there is no Turing pattern formation for the equal self-diffusion coefficients.However,combined with cross-diffusion,it shows that the system will exhibit spotted pattern by both mathematical analysis and numerical simulations.Furthermore,nsynchrony of the predator and the prey in the space.The obtained results show that cross-diffusion plays an important role on the pattern formation of the predator-prey system.

  19. A CLASS OF LDPC CODE'S CONSTRUCTION BASED ON AN ITERATIVE RANDOM METHOD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huang Zhonghu; Shen Lianfeng

    2006-01-01

    This letter gives a random construction for Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) codes, which uses an iterative algorithm to avoid short cycles in the Tanner graph. The construction method has great flexible choice in LDPC code's parameters including codelength, code rate, the least girth of the graph, the weight of column and row in the parity check matrix. The method can be applied to the irregular LDPC codes and strict regular LDPC codes. Systemic codes have many applications in digital communication, so this letter proposes a construction of the generator matrix of systemic LDPC codes from the parity check matrix. Simulations show that the method performs well with iterative decoding.

  20. Fountain Codes with Multiplicatively Repeated Non-Binary LDPC Codes

    CERN Document Server

    Kasai, Kenta

    2010-01-01

    We study fountain codes transmitted over the binary-input symmetric-output channel. For channels with small capacity, receivers needs to collects many channel outputs to recover information bits. Since a collected channel output yields a check node in the decoding Tanner graph, the channel with small capacity leads to large decoding complexity. In this paper, we introduce a novel fountain coding scheme with non-binary LDPC codes. The decoding complexity of the proposed fountain code does not depend on the channel. Numerical experiments show that the proposed codes exhibit better performance than conventional fountain codes, especially for small number of information bits.

  1. Descodificação iterativa de códigos LDPC por transferência de mensagens em grafos de factores

    OpenAIRE

    Sílvio Almeida Abrantes Moreira

    2005-01-01

    Os códigos turbo e LDPC, os melhores códigos correctores de erros da actualidade, partilham em comum o facto de usarem métodos de descodificação iterativa que recorrem a algoritmos de natureza idêntica. Em particular os códigos LDPC são habitualmente caracterizados por grafos bipartidos de Tanner e grafos de factores e são descodificados com um algoritmo muito genérico de transferência de mensagens entre nós dos grafos, o algoritmo da soma-e-produto, de que o algoritmo BCJR, usado nos turbo-c...

  2. Menarcheal age in Norway in the 19th century: a re-evaluation of the historical sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brundtland, G H; Walloe, L

    1976-07-01

    A fall in the age of menarche during the last fifty years is well documented from many parts of the world, among them Norway. Tanner says that this trend can be extended back at least to the middle of the last century, and he uses Norwegian sources to support this hypothesis. Re-examination of these Norwegian sources indicates that there was no fall at all during the ninetheenth century, and that the age at menarche was constant at approximately 16.0 years for the lower social classes throughout this period. It is also suggested that the age at menarche was constant at approximately 14 years for the higher social classes.

  3. Clinical peer mentoring: partnering BSN seniors and sophomores on a dedicated education unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harmer, Bonnie McKay; Huffman, Jaime; Johnson, Barbara

    2011-01-01

    The authors describe a clinical peer mentoring (CPM) program that partnered 16 pairs of senior (mentors) and sophomore (novices) BSN students to provide patient care on a dedicated education unit at a VA Medical Center. Situated learning theory and Tanner's Clinical Judgment Model provided frameworks for CPM implementation. Survey findings suggested novices and mentors perceived improvements in self-confidence, prioritization, time management, clinical judgment, and evidence-based practice use. Many mentors spontaneously expressed an interest in becoming a preceptor or nurse educator.

  4. Dynamics of a Complete Wetting Liquid Under Evaporation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pham, C.-T.; Lequeux, F.; Limat, L.

    We describe a simple model of a contact line under purely diffusive evaporation and complete wetting condition taking into account the divergent nature of evaporative flux near the contact line as proposed by Deegan et al. [Nature 389:827, 1997] by using electrostatic analogy. We show the existence of a precursor film at the edge of the liquid and generalize Tanner's law accounting for evaporative effects. We apply this model to the problem of evaporation of a liquid droplet and partly recover the dynamics of spreading and retraction found in experiments [Poulard et al., Langmuir 21:8226-8233, 2005].

  5. Structured LDPC Codes over Integer Residue Rings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mo Elisa

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This paper presents a new class of low-density parity-check (LDPC codes over represented by regular, structured Tanner graphs. These graphs are constructed using Latin squares defined over a multiplicative group of a Galois ring, rather than a finite field. Our approach yields codes for a wide range of code rates and more importantly, codes whose minimum pseudocodeword weights equal their minimum Hamming distances. Simulation studies show that these structured codes, when transmitted using matched signal sets over an additive-white-Gaussian-noise channel, can outperform their random counterparts of similar length and rate.

  6. Structured LDPC Codes over Integer Residue Rings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc A. Armand

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a new class of low-density parity-check (LDPC codes over ℤ2a represented by regular, structured Tanner graphs. These graphs are constructed using Latin squares defined over a multiplicative group of a Galois ring, rather than a finite field. Our approach yields codes for a wide range of code rates and more importantly, codes whose minimum pseudocodeword weights equal their minimum Hamming distances. Simulation studies show that these structured codes, when transmitted using matched signal sets over an additive-white-Gaussian-noise channel, can outperform their random counterparts of similar length and rate.

  7. STS-97 Pilot Bloomfield talks to media after arrival for launch

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    After their arrival at the Shuttle Landing Facility, the STS-97 crew gather to address the media. At the microphone is Pilot Michael Bloomfield. Behind him stand Commander Brent Jett and Mission Specialists Joseph Tanner, Carolos Noriega and Marc Garneau, who is with the Canadian Space Agency. Mission STS-97is the sixth construction flight to the International Space Station. Its payload includes the P6 Integrated Truss Structure and a photovoltaic (PV) module, with giant solar arrays that will provide power to the Station. The mission includes two spacewalks to complete the solar array connections. STS-97 is scheduled to launch Nov. 30 at about 10:06 p.m. EST.

  8. Geometric Analysis of an Integrated Pest Management Model Including Two State Impulses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wencai Zhao

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available According to integrated pest management strategies, we construct and investigate the dynamics of a Holling-Tanner predator-prey system with state dependent impulsive effects by releasing natural enemies and spraying pesticide at different thresholds. Applying the Dulacs criterion, the global stability of the positive equilibrium in the system without impulsive effect is discussed. By using impulsive differential equation geometry theory and the method of successor functions, we prove the existence of periodic solution of the system with state dependent impulsive effects. Furthermore, the stability conditions of periodic solutions are obtained. Some simulations are exerted to illustrate the feasibility of our main results.

  9. Structured LDPC Codes from Permutation Matrices Free of Small Trapping Sets

    CERN Document Server

    Nguyen, Dung Viet; Marcellin, Michael; Chilappagari, Shashi Kiran

    2010-01-01

    This paper introduces a class of structured lowdensity parity-check (LDPC) codes whose parity check matrices are arrays of permutation matrices. The permutation matrices are obtained from Latin squares and form a finite field under some matrix operations. They are chosen so that the Tanner graphs do not contain subgraphs harmful to iterative decoding algorithms. The construction of column-weight-three codes is presented. Although the codes are optimized for the Gallager A/B algorithm over the binary symmetric channel (BSC), their error performance is very good on the additive white Gaussian noise channel (AWGNC) as well.

  10. Numerical Investigation of the Steady State of a Driven Thin Film Equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. J. Hutchinson

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A third-order ordinary differential equation with application in the flow of a thin liquid film is considered. The boundary conditions come from Tanner's problem for the surface tension driven flow of a thin film. Symmetric and nonsymmetric finite difference schemes are implemented in order to obtain steady state solutions. We show that a central difference approximation to the third derivative in the model equation produces a solution curve with oscillations. A difference scheme based on a combination of forward and backward differences produces a smooth accurate solution curve. The stability of these schemes is analysed through the use of a von Neumann stability analysis.

  11. Habitat heterogeneity and its influence on benthic biodiversity in oxygen minimum zones

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gooday, A.J.; Bett, B.J.; Escobar, E.; Ingole, B.S.; Levin, L.A.; Neira, C.; Raman, A.V.; Sellanes, J.

    , unpublished). Values <7.0 were measured in OMZ core sediments off Peru (Neira and Sellanes unpublished). Off Costa Rica and India, the lowest oxygen values corresponded to pH values of 7.7 to 7.8 (C. Tanner, K. Oguri, personal comm.). The impact of low p...). There have been similar observations of salps and pyrosomes at 400 m at the base of a vertical slide in the core of the OMZ off Costa Rica (G. Rouse, pers. comm.) and large numbers of swimming crabs (Charybdis smithii) were found dead on the abyssal...

  12. Extracting hidden-photon dark matter from an LC-circuit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arias, Paola; Arza, Ariel; Gamboa, Jorge; Mendez, Fernando [Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Departmento de Fisica, Santiago (Chile); Doebrich, Babette [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Hamburg (Germany); CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)

    2015-07-15

    We point out that a cold dark matter condensate made of gauge bosons from an extra hidden U(1) sector - dubbed hidden photons - can create a small, oscillating electric density current. Thus, they could also be searched for in the recently proposed LC-circuit setup conceived for axion cold dark matter search by Sikivie, Sullivan and Tanner. We estimate the sensitivity of this setup for hidden-photon cold dark matter and we find it could cover a sizable, so far unexplored parameter space. (orig.)

  13. Extracting hidden-photon dark matter from an LC-circuit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arias, Paola; Arza, Ariel; Gamboa, Jorge; Mendez, Fernando [Chile Univ., Santiago (Chile). Dept. de Fisica; Doebrich, Babette [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)

    2014-11-15

    We point out that a cold dark matter condensate made of gauge bosons from an extra hidden U(1) sector - dubbed hidden-photons - can create a small, oscillating electric density current. Thus, they could also be searched for in the recently proposed LC-circuit setup conceived for axion cold dark matter search by Sikivie, Sullivan and Tanner. We estimate the sensitivity of this setup for hidden-photon cold dark matter and we find it could cover a sizable, so far unexplored parameter space.

  14. Extracting Hidden-Photon Dark Matter From an LC-Circuit

    CERN Document Server

    Arias, Paola; Döbrich, Babette; Gamboa, Jorge; Méndez, Fernando

    2015-01-01

    We point out that a cold dark matter condensate made of gauge bosons from an extra hidden U(1) sector - dubbed hidden- photons - can create a small, oscillating electric density current. Thus, they could also be searched for in the recently proposed LC-circuit setup conceived for axion cold dark matter search by Sikivie, Sullivan and Tanner. We estimate the sensitivity of this setup for hidden-photon cold dark matter and we find it could cover a sizable, so far unexplored parameter space.

  15. Early puberty and thoracic mass: presentation of a case

    OpenAIRE

    Laredo Reyna, María Nataly; Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño. Lima, Perú. Médico pediatra; Falen Bogio, Juan Manuel; Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Federico Villareal. Lima, Perú. médico endocrinólogo; Lipa Chancolla, Roxana; Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño. Lima, Perú. médico patólogo clínico; Núñez Almache, Oswaldo; Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño. Lima, Perú. médico endocrinologo pediatra; Pinto, Paola; Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño. Lima, Perú. Médico pediatra; Espinoza Robles, Oscar; Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño. Lima, Perú. Médico pediatra; Chávez, Eliana; Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño. Lima, Perú. Médico pediatra; Rojas Gabulli, María Isabel; Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño. Lima, Perú. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Federico Villareal. Lima, Perú. médico endocrinólogo; Del Aguila Villar, Carlos; Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño. Lima, Perú. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Federico Villareal. Lima, Perú. Médico pediatra

    2014-01-01

    A case is reported of a 7 year old patient with progressive dyspnea and genital development according to Marshall and Tanner criteria at the G2 VP3 stage. A mass of regular and well-defined borders was found in the chest, with calcifications and cystic areas of heterogeneous content. Basal measurements of FSH, LH and testosterone were <10 mIU/mL, 12.2 mIU/mL and 724 ng/dL, respectively. α-fetoprotein was 145.1 ng/mL. Excising the tumor improved respiratory symptoms, diminished hormone leve...

  16. Relative humidity influence on the spreading dynamics of sessile drops of blood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brutin, David; Bouzeid, Wassim

    2014-11-01

    We studied the effect of relative humidity on the initial stages of spreading dynamics for drops of whole human blood. A range of relative humidities from 8% to 90% was studied. Drops of the same volume were gently deposited on ultra-clean microscope glass substrates. We show that the drop spreading is driven by two distinct regimes. The first is characterized by fast dynamics and competition between viscous forces and capillary forces, whereas the second regime is characterized by competition between viscous dissipation and evaporation and exhibits slower dynamics. At early stages of spreading, the power law r(t) ~ tn (n = 0.65) was observed regardless of the humidity. At later stages of spreading, the exponent of the power law r(t) ~ tn (n = 0.19) was found to be higher than that of Tanner's law because of the effect of humidity and Marangoni stresses. Spreading time and spreading dynamics were found to be related to relative humidity. This is explained by the adhesion of red blood cells to the substrate that is similar to the mechanism observed for nanofluid droplets. The mean velocity of the triple line followed the same behavior as Tanner's model, where the final wetting radius and the apparent contact angle are functions of relative humidity.

  17. Urinary Sex Steroids and Anthropometric Markers of Puberty - A Novel Approach to Characterising Within-Person Changes of Puberty Hormones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Gurmeet K S; Balzer, Ben W R; Kelly, Patrick J; Paxton, Karen; Hawke, Catherine I; Handelsman, David J; Steinbeck, Katharine S

    2015-01-01

    The longitudinal relationships of within-individual hormone and anthropometric changes during puberty have not ever been fully described. The objectives of this study were to demonstrate that 3 monthly urine collection was feasible in young adolescents and to utilise liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry assay methods for serum and urine testosterone (T), estradiol (E2) and luteinizing hormone (LH) in adolescents by relating temporal changes in urine and serum hormones over 12 months to standard measures of pubertal development. A community sample of 104 adolescents (57 female) was studied over 12 months with annual anthropometric assessment, blood sampling and self-rated Tanner staging and urine collected every 3 months. Serum and urine sex steroids (T, E2) were measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and LH by immunoassay. A high proportion (92%) of scheduled samples were obtained with low attrition rate of 6.7% over the 12 months. Urine hormone measurements correlated cross-sectionally and longitudinally with age, anthropometry and Tanner stage. We have developed a feasible and valid sampling methodology and measurements for puberty hormones in urine, which allows a sampling frequency by which individual pubertal progression in adolescents can be described in depth.

  18. Soccer increases bone mass in prepubescent boys during growth: a 3-yr longitudinal study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zouch, Mohamed; Zribi, Anis; Alexandre, Christian; Chaari, Hamada; Frere, Delphine; Tabka, Zouhair; Vico, Laurence

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the effect of 3-yr soccer practice on bone acquisition in prepubescent boys. We investigated 65 boys (aged 10-13 yr, Tanner stage I) at baseline, among which only 40 boys (Tanner stages II and III) have continued the 3-yr follow-up: 23 soccer players (F) completed 2-5 h of training plus 1 competition game per week and 17 controls (C). Bone mineral density (BMD, g/cm(2)) and bone mineral content (BMC, g) were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at different sites. At baseline, BMD was higher in soccer players than in controls in the whole body and legs. In contrast, there was nonsignificant difference BMD in head, femoral neck, arms, and BMC in all measured sites between groups. At 3-yr follow-up, soccer players were found to have higher BMD and BMC at all sites than controls, except for head BMD and BMC and arms BMC in which the difference was nonsignificant between groups. During the 3-yr follow-up, the soccer players were found to gain significantly more in lumbar spine (31.2% ± 2.9% vs 23.9% ± 2.1%; p bone mass induced by soccer training in the stressed sites was associated to a decreased skull bone mass after 3 yr of follow-up. Copyright © 2015 The International Society for Clinical Densitometry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Higher muscle performance in adolescents compared with adults after a resistance training session with different rest intervals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tibana, Ramires Alsamir; Prestes, Jonato; Nascimento, Dahan da Cunha; Martins, Otávio V; De Santana, Frederico Santos; Balsamo, Sandor

    2012-04-01

    The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of 3 different rest intervals between sets on the total training volume, number of repetitions, ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), and resistance to fatigue in adolescents and adults during a resistance training session in the isoinertial chest press exercise. Fifteen male adolescents (15.2 ± 1.2 years; 20.7 ± 2.0 kg·m(-2); Tanner -4; 61.5 ± 8.9, 10 repetition maximum [RM]) and 15 adults (22.2 ± 2.7 years; 23.3 ± 2.0 kg·m(-2); Tanner -5; 84.3 ± 13.5, 10RM) without previous experience with resistance training participated in the study. After 10RM test-retest on 3 different occasions, participants were randomly assigned to a resistance training protocol with 30-, 60-, and 120-second rest interval between sets. The protocol consisted of 3 sets with 10RM. In all studied variables, with exception to total training volume and RPE, adolescents presented superior results as compared with adults (p adolescents exhibited a higher resistance to fatigue, total training volume, and number of repetitions with a longer rest interval (120 > 60 > 30 seconds) (p adolescents present a higher recovery capacity between sets in a resistance training session than adults and a longer rest interval results in a higher number of repetitions completed, total training volume, and resistance to fatigue.

  20. High-pass filters and baseline correction in M/EEG analysis. Commentary on: "How inappropriate high-pass filters can produce artefacts and incorrect conclusions in ERP studies of language and cognition".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maess, Burkhard; Schröger, Erich; Widmann, Andreas

    2016-06-15

    Tanner et al. (2015. Psychophysiology, 52(8), 1009. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12437) convincingly demonstrate how a late deflection like the N400 or the P600 is reflected into both earlier and later latencies by the application of high-pass filters with cutoff frequencies higher than 0.1Hz. It nicely underlines the importance of test-wise application of filters with different parameters to electrophysiological data to identify such unwanted filter effects. In general, we agree with their approach and conclusions, particularly with the notions that the application of a high-pass filter is reasonable if it improves the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the signal of interest, and that low frequency signals may carry important information. However, we disagree in two aspects: First, the test data of Tanner et al. are not optimally suited to demonstrate the benefits of high-pass filtering as they are only minimally contaminated by low frequency noise, and second, the standard baseline correction for particular applications in M/EEG data analysis should be replaced with high-pass filtering-as recommended by Widmann et al. (2015. J Neurosci Methods, 250, 46. doi: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2014.08.002). Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Parallel LDPC Decoding on GPUs Using a Stream-Based Computing Approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gabriel Falc(a)o; Shinichi Yamagiwa; Vitor Silva; Leonel Sousa

    2009-01-01

    Low-Density Parity-Check(LDPC)codes are powerful error correcting codes adopted by recent communication standards.LDPC decoders are based on belief propagation algorithms,which make use of a Tanner graph and very intensive message-passing computation,and usually require hardware-based dedicated solutions.With the exponential increase of the computational power of commodity graphics processing units(GPUs),new opportunities have arisen to develop general purpose processing on GPUs.This paper proposes the use of GPUs for implementing flexible and programmable LDPC decoders.A new stream-based approach is proposed,based on compact data structures to represent the Tanner graph.It is shown that such a challenging application for stream-based computing,because of irregular memory access patterns,memory bandwidth and recursive flow control constraints,can be efficiently implemented on GPUs.The proposal was experimentally evaluated by programming LDPC decoders on GPUs using the Caravela platform,a generic interface tool for managing the kernels'execution regardless of the GPU manufacturer and operating system.Moreover,to relatively assess the obtained results,we have also implemented LDPC decoders on general purpose processors with Streaming Single Instruction Multiple Data(SIMD)Extensions.Experimental results show that the solution proposed here efficiently decodes several codewords simultaneously,reducing the processing time by one order of magnitude.

  2. The Effect of Puberty on Interaction between Vitamin D Status and Insulin Resistance in Obese Asian-Indian Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajesh Khadgawat

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available To study the effect of puberty on the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OHD and parameters of insulin kinetics in obese Asian-Indian children. Material and Methods. The study population included 62 obese Asian-Indian children and adolescents in the age group of 6–17 years. Blood glucose, serum insulin, and serum 25(OHD were measured. Total body fat was measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Indices of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR, AUC for insulin and sensitivity (WBISI were calculated after oral glucose tolerance test. Result. A total of 62 subjects (35 boys; mean age = 13.0 ± 3 years; BMI = 29.3 ± 4.8 kg/sq M; 19 subjects in Tanner stage 1, 11 in stage 2, 6 in stage 3, 3 in stage 4, and 23 subjects in Tanner stage 5 were studied. All study subjects were vitamin D deficient with a mean serum 25(OHD of 8.5 ± 4.2 ng/mL. No significant relationship was observed between serum 25(OHD and parameters of insulin kinetics in prepubertal children. However, a significant inverse correlation was seen between serum 25(OHD and HOMAIR (=−0.41, =0.03 in postpubertal subjects. Conclusion. The relationship between vitamin D status and parameters of insulin kinetics are affected by puberty.

  3. Correlations of skinfold thicknesses and circumferences at exactly defined body sites with leptin in 10-12-year-old boys with different BMIs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cicchella, Antonio; Jürimäe, Toivo; Stefanelli, Claudio; Purge, Priit; Lätt, Evelin; Saar, Meeli

    2014-06-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the correlations of leptin with values of skinfold thicknesses and circumferences in 10-12-year-old boys (N = 248) and these correlations were additionally studied in boys with different BMI subgroups (normal N = 190, overweight N = 34 and obese N = 24). In total, 9 skinfolds and 13 circumferences were measured using the recommendations of ISAK. Fasting leptin concentrations were also determined. No significant differences emerged between the three subgroups in age and Tanner stage. Skinfold thicknesses, circumferences and leptin concentrations were significantly higher in overweight and obese groups. In the total group, the correlation (partial correlation, eliminating age and Tanner stage) between separate skinfold thicknesses and leptin was higher than r = 0.70. The sum of 9 skinfold thicknesses correlated significantly to leptin in all groups (r = 0.558-0.779). In the obese group, triceps, biceps and front thigh skinfold thicknesses did not correlate (p > 0.05) with leptin. In the total group, all measured circumferences correlated significantly to leptin concentration (r = 0.328-0.724). However, in the obese group, the measured circumferences did not correlate to leptin (p > 0.05). Waist-to-hip ratio correlated with leptin only in the total group of boys. It was concluded that as a rule, close correlations emerged between leptin and skinfold thicknesses and circumferences. The strongest correlation with leptin was found with the sum of 9 skinfolds and waist-to-hip ratio.

  4. [Insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia--risk factors of the metabolic syndrome in the pubertal population].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otto Buczkowska, Ewa

    2005-01-01

    Pubertal insulin resistance has been well documented, the fall in insulin sensitivity (Sl) during puberty is associated with a compensatory increase in insulin secretion. Observation of pubertal insulin resistance showed that insulin-stimulated glucose metabolism was approximately 30% lower in a sample of children at Tanner stages II-IV compared with children at Tanner stage I or adults. Although the phenomenon of pubertal insulin resistance is well documented, the mechanism has not been clearly determined. Pubertal insulin resistance occurs during a time of profound changes in body composition and hormone levels. Resistance of the body to the actions of insulin results in increased production of this hormone by the pancreas and ensuing hyperinsulinemia. Obesity beginning in childhood often precedes the hyperinsulinemic state. Other components of the insulin resistance syndrome are also present in children and adolescents. Conditions of insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, dyslipidemia, hypertension and obesity, especially in constellation, are potent risk factors of coronary atherosclerosis among adolescents and young adults. Early conservative intervention with diet, exercise, and behavioral therapy may prevent the complications of insulin resistance.

  5. TANNIN POTENCIAL EVALUATION OF SIX FOREST SPECIES OF BRAZILIAN SEMI-ARID REGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juarez Benigno Paes

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The hide tanners of Brazil Northeast region have in Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell. Brenan var. cebil (Gris. Alts. their only source of tannins. As the activity of exploration is extractiviste without the concern of recovery of explored trees and the absence of other tannin sources, exposes the specie to exhaustion and the tanners and extractivistes family to go bankruptcy. Thus, this work aimed to evaluate the tanin potential of Prosopis juliflora, Anadenanthera colubrina var. cebil, Anacardium occidentale, Mimosa tenuiflora, Mimosa arenosa and Croton sonderianus. These species, Anacardium occidentale, Mimosa arenosa and Mimosa temuiflora showed, respectively, 19.83%, 18.11% and 17.74% of tannins. The Anadenanthera colubrina showed 11.89% and was inferior them mentioned species. The Prosopis juliflora and Croton sonderianus showed 3.02% and 6.62%, respectively. The abundance of Mimosa arenosa and Mimosa tenuiflora in the Brazilian Semi-arid proposes them as potential of tannin production. However, there is need of researches to verify their technical viability for skins, as well as for other uses for tannins.

  6. LOW POWER-AREA DESIGN OF FULL ADDER USING SELF RESETTING LOGIC WITH GDI TECHNIQUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simran Khokha1

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Various electronic devices such as mobile phones, DSPs,ALU etc., are designed by using VLSI (Very Large Scale Integration technology. In VLSI dynamic CMOS logic circuits are concentrating on the Area ,reducing the power consumption and increasing the Speed by reducing the delay. ALU (Arithmetic Logic Circuits are designed by using adder, subtractors, multiplier, divider, etc.Various adder circuits designs have been proposed over last few years with different logic styles. To reduce the power consumption several parameters are to be taken into account, such as feedthrough, leakage power single-event upsets, charge sharing by parasitic components while connecting source and drain of CMOS transistors There are situations in a logic that permit the use of circuits that can automatically precharge themselves (i.e., reset themselves after some prescribed delays. These circuits are hence called postcharge or self-resetting logic which are widely used in dynamic logic circuits. Overall performance of various adder designs is evaluated by using Tanner tool . The earlier and the proposed SRLGDI primitives are simulated using Tanner EDA with BSIM 0.250 lm technology with supply voltage ranging from 0 V to 5 V in steps of 0.2 V. On comparing the various SRLGDI logic adders, the proposed adder shows low power, delay and low PDP among its counterparts.

  7. Relationships between physical activity and plasma leptin levels in healthy children: the Fleurbaix-Laventie Ville Santé II Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romon, M; Lafay, L; Bresson, J L; Oppert, J-M; Borys, J-M; Kettaneh, A; Charles, M-A

    2004-10-01

    To study the relationships between physical activity and plasma leptin levels in children from a population-based study, taking into account puberty stages. Subjects were part of the Fleurbaix-Laventie Ville Santé (FLVS) II Study, a longitudinal study on the determinants of weight gain in children and their parents. At baseline examination, 253 girls and 257 boys aged 8-18 y were examined. : Height and weight were measured, adiposity was assessed by the sum of four skinfold thicknesses (SSK). Pubertal stage was assigned according to Tanner. Leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) was assessed by the Modifiable Activity Questionnaire and ambulatory activity by pedometer recording over a week. A fasting blood sample was obtained to determine plasma leptin and insulin levels. Plasma leptin was higher in girls compared to boys (8.3 (1.6-36.5) ng/ml vs 2.2 (0.1-15.3) ng/ml, Pphysical activity. Physical activity is negatively related to leptin levels in girls only and this association is independent of fasting plasma insulin. In children, fasting insulinemia remains associated with leptin levels after taking into account adiposity, physical activity and Tanner stage.

  8. Systematic bias in NMR diffusion measurements on polydisperse systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Xiaoyue; Xu, Kaipin; Zhang, Shanmin

    2015-03-01

    Least-squares fitting of the Stejskal-Tanner equation is a routine process in the measurement of molecular diffusion coefficient (MDC) using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy. It is simple and elegant. However, a bias of the MDC is noticed when the system is polydispersed. This is due to improper accounts of the diffusion coefficient distribution. Eventually, it leads to a discrepancy between the observed MDC and the statistical mean value of the distribution. To reveal the discrepancy, an analytical solution is derived when the diffusion data is taken a logarithmic linearization. Computer simulation is also applied to obtain a non-linear regression result. For a Gaussian distribution of the MDCs, the bias is proportional to the square of the distribution width (linear regression), but it is also inversely proportional to the statistical mean value of the distribution (non-linear regression). This indicates that the MDC derived from Stejskal-Tanner equation only holds well for narrow distribution of MDCs. Otherwise, molecular radius derived from the Stokes-Einstein equation needs to be reconsidered due to the incorrect estimation of the MDC.

  9. The ultrasound appearance of the patellar tendon attachment to the tibia in young athletes is conditional on gender and pubertal stage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ducher, Gaele; Cook, Jill; Lammers, Greg; Coombs, Peter; Ptazsnik, Ron; Black, Jeni; Bass, Shona L

    2010-01-01

    This cross-sectional study investigated the imaging appearance of the patellar tendon attachment to the tibia in young male and female tennis players of different ages and pubertal status. Forty-four competitive young players, who had been playing tennis at least for 2 years, were recruited from a tennis school and local tennis clubs. All subjects had bilateral ultrasound imaging of the patellar tendon attachment to the tibia. Standard anthropometric measurements, pubertal status and injury history were recorded. Ultrasound appearance of the patellar tendon attachment was categorised into three stages: cartilage attachment, insertional cartilage and mature attachment. Cartilage attachment was more prevalent in boys (32%) and extended further into puberty (until Tanner stage 4) compared to girls (6% and Tanner stage 1). Tendons with Osgood-Schlatter Disease symptoms (n=3) did not have a cartilage attachment. Imaging appearance commonly seen in young active athletes, consistent with a clinical diagnosis of OSD, was more common in boys and in the pre- and peri-pubertal stages.

  10. Pubertal development in adolescents with menstrual disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Roteta Dorado

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Abnormal uterine bleeding is the presence of an excessive and prolonged menstrual bleeding over several consecutive cycles. It is one of the first complaints in pediatric gynecology and is the most common cause dysfunctional uterine bleeding. Objective: To characterize adolescents with menstrual disorders attending gynecology clinic in child and adolescent onset of puberty. Method: A descriptive, longitudinal and prospective. Universe: 88 adolescents seen at the gynecology children and youth in the province of Cienfuegos with menstrual disorders in 2008. Sample: 64 patients with rhythm disturbances of the menstrual cycle and excessive bleeding. Procedure: During the first consultation was found in the following medical records: age, onset of puberty, age at menarche, breast development and pubic hair development. The data were processed by SPSS program and expressed as numbers and percentages. Results: 43.8% of the adolescents studied were between 14 and 16 years, 29.7% began puberty at age 9, 31.3% had their menarche at age 11, 46, 87% were in Tanner stage IV of breast development and 56.25% in Tanner stage IV for pubic hair. Conclusion: There were no alterations in pubertal development in adolescents with menstrual disorders studied.

  11. Blood pressure and associated cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents of Mexico City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juárez-Rojas, Juan Gabriel; Cardoso-Saldaña, Guillermo C; Posadas-Sánchez, Rosalinda; Medina-Urrutia, Aída Xochitl; Yamamoto-Kimura, Liria; Posadas-Romero, Carlos

    2008-01-01

    To determine the prevalence of high blood pressure and associated cardiovascular risk factors in Mexican adolescents. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 770 male and 1076 female students (12 to 16 years old) from eight randomly selected high schools in Mexico City. Anthropometry, blood pressure and fasting lipids and lipoproteins were measured. Blood pressure levels were adjusted for age, gender, and height. The prevalence rates of hypertension (systolic blood pressure (SBP) and/or diastolic (DBP) > or =95th percentile), and pre-hypertension (SBP or DBP > or =90th but prevalence of obesity, overweight, and dyslipidemia. A stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that waist (18.3%), Tanner stage (4.7%), age (2.1%), gender (0.6%), and body mass index (BMI, 0.3%) accounted for 26% of the variance in SBP; whereas BMI (8.7%), age (4.8%), Tanner stage (1.7%), waist (0.4%), and gender (0.4%) accounted for 15.9% of the variance in DBP. These results reveal a high prevalence of high blood pressure in adolescents living in Mexico City. Prehypertensive and hypertensive subjects showed a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, suggesting that, as adults, these adolescents will be at a higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

  12. Static and dynamic contact angles of evaporating liquids on heated surfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajaev, Vladimir S; Gambaryan-Roisman, Tatiana; Stephan, Peter

    2010-02-15

    We studied both static and dynamic values of the apparent contact angle for gravity-driven flow of a volatile liquid down a heated inclined plane. The apparent contact line is modeled as the transition region between the macroscopic film and ultra-thin adsorbed film dominated by disjoining pressure effects. Four commonly used disjoining pressure models are investigated. The static contact angle is shown to increase with heater temperature, in qualitative agreement with experimental observations. The angle is less sensitive to the details of the disjoining pressure curves than in the isothermal regime. A generalization of the classical Frumkin-Derjaguin theory is proposed to explain this observation. The dynamic contact angle follows the Tanner's law remarkably well over a range of evaporation conditions. However, deviations from the predictions based on the Tanner's law are found when interface shape changes rapidly in response to rapid changes of the heater temperature. The Marangoni stresses are shown to result in increase of the values of apparent contact angles.

  13. Bone mineral density in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castro T.C.M.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available We evaluated spine bone mineral density (BMD in Brazilian children with juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE in order to detect potential predictors of reduction in bone mass. A cross-sectional study of BMD at the lumbar spine level (L2-L4 was conducted on 16 female JSLE patients aged 6-17 years. Thirty-two age-matched healthy girls were used as control. BMD at the lumbar spine was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Weight, height and pubertal Tanner stage were determined in patients and controls. Disease duration, mean daily steroid doses, mean cumulative steroid doses and JSLE activity measured by the systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI were determined for all JSLE patients based on their medical charts. All parameters were used as potential determinant factors for bone loss. Lumbar BMD tended to be lower in the JSLE patients, however, this difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.10. No significant correlation was observed in JSLE girls between BMD and age, height, Tanner stage, disease duration, corticosteroid use or disease activity. We found a weak correlation between BMD and weight (r = 0.672. In the JSLE group we found no significant parameters to correlate with reduced bone mass. Disease activity and mean cumulative steroid doses were not related to BMD values. We did not observe reduced bone mass in female JSLE.

  14. Deoxyribonucleic acid damage study in primary amenorrhea by comet assay and karyotyping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Ramamurthy

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: This study aims at evaluating the chromosomal abnormalities and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA damage in cases with primary amenorrhea by karyotyping and comet assay. Study Design: A total of 30 cases of primary amenorrhea were recruited. Secondary sexual characters were assessed by Tanner staging. Chromosomal analysis was performed by conventional phytohemagglutinin stimulated lymphocyte cell culture technique. Alkaline version of comet assay was used to evaluate DNA damage. Results: The chromosomal pattern of 20 subjects (66.7% was found to be normal (46,XX. Two subjects had 46,XY pattern and eight subjects had Turner syndrome (45,X or 45,X/46,XX. The comet parameters were found to be increased among subjects with 45,X monosomy, when compared to the rest of the study group and also in subjects with Tanner stage 1 when compared to stage 2. Conclusion: Comet assay revealed increased DNA damage in cases with 45,X monosomy, compared with subjects with 46,XX and 46,XY karyotype, which correlated with clinical features.

  15. Bone mass of female dance students prior to professional dance training: A cross-sectional study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amorim, Tânia; Metsios, George S.; Wyon, Matthew; Nevill, Alan M.; Flouris, Andreas D.; Maia, José; Teixeira, Eduardo; Machado, José Carlos; Marques, Franklim; Koutedakis, Yiannis

    2017-01-01

    Background Professional dancers are at risk of developing low bone mineral density (BMD). However, whether low BMD phenotypes already exist in pre-vocational dance students is relatively unknown. Aim To cross-sectionally assess bone mass parameters in female dance students selected for professional dance training (first year vocational dance students) in relation to aged- and sex-matched controls. Methods 34 female selected for professional dance training (10.9yrs ±0.7) and 30 controls (11.1yrs ±0.5) were examined. Anthropometry, pubertal development (Tanner) and dietary data (3-day food diary) were recorded. BMD and bone mineral content (BMC) at forearm, femur neck (FN) and lumbar spine (LS) were assessed using Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry. Volumetric densities were estimated by calculating bone mineral apparent density (BMAD). Results Dancers were mainly at Tanner pubertal stage I (vs. stage IV in controls, pdance students continued to display a significantly lower BMD and BMAD at the FN (pdance training, first year vocational dance students demonstrated inferior bone mass compared to controls. Longitudinal models are required to assess how bone health-status changes with time throughout professional training. PMID:28678833

  16. Urinary Sex Steroids and Anthropometric Markers of Puberty - A Novel Approach to Characterising Within-Person Changes of Puberty Hormones.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gurmeet K S Singh

    Full Text Available The longitudinal relationships of within-individual hormone and anthropometric changes during puberty have not ever been fully described. The objectives of this study were to demonstrate that 3 monthly urine collection was feasible in young adolescents and to utilise liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry assay methods for serum and urine testosterone (T, estradiol (E2 and luteinizing hormone (LH in adolescents by relating temporal changes in urine and serum hormones over 12 months to standard measures of pubertal development.A community sample of 104 adolescents (57 female was studied over 12 months with annual anthropometric assessment, blood sampling and self-rated Tanner staging and urine collected every 3 months. Serum and urine sex steroids (T, E2 were measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS and LH by immunoassay.A high proportion (92% of scheduled samples were obtained with low attrition rate of 6.7% over the 12 months. Urine hormone measurements correlated cross-sectionally and longitudinally with age, anthropometry and Tanner stage.We have developed a feasible and valid sampling methodology and measurements for puberty hormones in urine, which allows a sampling frequency by which individual pubertal progression in adolescents can be described in depth.

  17. Urinary Sex Steroids and Anthropometric Markers of Puberty - A Novel Approach to Characterising Within-Person Changes of Puberty Hormones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Gurmeet K. S.; Balzer, Ben W. R.; Kelly, Patrick J.; Paxton, Karen; Hawke, Catherine I.; Handelsman, David J.; Steinbeck, Katharine S.

    2015-01-01

    Background/Aims The longitudinal relationships of within-individual hormone and anthropometric changes during puberty have not ever been fully described. The objectives of this study were to demonstrate that 3 monthly urine collection was feasible in young adolescents and to utilise liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry assay methods for serum and urine testosterone (T), estradiol (E2) and luteinizing hormone (LH) in adolescents by relating temporal changes in urine and serum hormones over 12 months to standard measures of pubertal development. Methods A community sample of 104 adolescents (57 female) was studied over 12 months with annual anthropometric assessment, blood sampling and self-rated Tanner staging and urine collected every 3 months. Serum and urine sex steroids (T, E2) were measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and LH by immunoassay. Results A high proportion (92%) of scheduled samples were obtained with low attrition rate of 6.7% over the 12 months. Urine hormone measurements correlated cross-sectionally and longitudinally with age, anthropometry and Tanner stage. Conclusion We have developed a feasible and valid sampling methodology and measurements for puberty hormones in urine, which allows a sampling frequency by which individual pubertal progression in adolescents can be described in depth. PMID:26599397

  18. Feminizing adrenocortical adenoma presenting as heterosexual precocious puberty: report of one case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsiao, Hui-Pin; Chao, Mei-Chyn; Lin, Chao-Yu; Chen, Hsiu-Lin; Chen, Shiu-Lin; Chiou, Shyh-Shin; Chen, Bai-Hsiun

    2005-01-01

    We report on a case of a 2 2/12-year-old boy with heterosexual precocious puberty secondary to a feminizing adrenocortical adenoma. The boy, with no previous history of disease or treatment, presented with bilateral gynecomastia and pubic hair development (Tanner III breasts and Tanner II pubic hair). Plasma estradiol and testosterone were 410.9 pg/ml and 126.2 ng/dl respectively. Basal plasma LH and FSH levels were within the normal range. Bolus i.v. injection of GnRH showed unresponsiveness of LH and FSH. Abdominal echography and abdominal magnetic resonance imaging revealed a well-defined mass at the left suprarenal region (measuring 4.0 x 2.7 x 3.6 cm in size). After removal of the adrenal tumor, the estradiol and testosterone levels fell to normal in 2 weeks. The gynecomastia and pubic hair regressed with time. The pathology of the tumor showed compact pattern with polygonal cells containing moderate eosinophilic cytoplasm without mitotic figure. These findings were consistent with an adrenocortical adenoma secreting estradiol and testosterone as the cause of the patient's heterosexual precocious puberty.

  19. [Development of internal medicine since the establishment of the Regional Hospital in Sarajevo from 1894 until today].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grujić, M

    1994-01-01

    The first bigger regular hospital in Sarajevo was built by the Bosnian vali Osman-pasha in the year 1866 and had only 32 beds. The construction expenses and keeping, according the Porta's approval was supported by Gazi-Husrevbeg's Vakuf, the name was The Vakuf's Hospital. In the year 1894, initiated by the Regional Government (Landesregierung) the Regional Hospital (Landesspital) came to existence, 1894, when opened had 238 beds, with modern outfits and technical facilities. There were 4 departments: Internal, Surgery, Dermatovenerology and Gynecology-Obstetrics. The Department for Internal Diseases had 50 beds. The first chief was Primarius Dr Geza Kobler, came from the Viennese Medical Faculty and had been assistant to Prof. Schretter. Simultaneously, he was director of the Hospital. His assistants were: Dr Berthold Haas to 1898 and Dr Heinrich Propper to 1900 and the interns were: Dr Bodo Koloman, Dr Alexander Dorner, Dr Erwin Horn, Dr Dragan Plentaj and Dr Risto Jeremić. Later, as chief was appointed Dr Ludomil Sas-Korcinski, professor of the Cracau University, his associates were to the year 1910: Dr Hamdija Karamehmedović, later to became chief of the Department for Infectious Diseases and the Intern, Dr Mustafa Kadić. At the eve of the World War 1, in 1914, the pavilion "K" was built, where the Department housed. At that time chief was Primarius Dr Ljubo Bilić, while his associates were Dr Gavro Bozić, Dr Vjekoslav Kusan and Dr Duro Ostojić. Later, some other doctors same, having a permanent job, Dr Bogdan Zimonjić, Dr Miron Simić, Dr David Pinto, Dr Sreten Kaluräercić and Dr David Baruh.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  20. Short cognitive behavioral therapy and cognitive training for adults with ADHD – a randomized controlled pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maarit Virta

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Maarit Virta1,2, Anita Salakari1, Mervi Antila1, Esa Chydenius1, Markku Partinen1, Markus Kaski1, Risto Vataja3, Hely Kalska2, Matti Iivanainen11Rinnekoti Research Centre, Espoo, Finland; 2Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland; 3Kellokoski Hospital, Kellokoski, FinlandAbstract: In clinical practice, a growing need exists for effective non-pharmacological ­treatments of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD. Here, we present the results of a pilot study of 10 adults with ADHD participating in short-term individual ­cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT, 9 adults participating in cognitive training (CT, and 10 controls. Self-report ­questionnaires, independent evaluations, and computerized neurocognitive testing were ­collected before and after the treatments to evaluate change. There were distinctive pre-hypotheses regarding the treatments, and therefore the statistical comparisons were conducted in pairs: CBT vs control, CT vs control, and CBT vs CT. In a combined ADHD symptom score based on self-reports, 6 participants in CBT, 2 in CT and 2 controls improved. Using independent evaluations, improvement was found in 7 of the CBT participants, 2 of CT ­participants and 3 controls. There was no treatment-related improvement in cognitive performance. Thus, in the CBT group, some encouraging improvement was seen, although not as clearly as in ­previous research with longer interventions. In the CT group, there was improvement in the trained tasks but no generalization of the improvement to the tasks of the neurocognitive testing, the ­self-report questionnaires, or the independent evaluations. These preliminary results warrant further studies with more participants and with more elaborate cognitive testing.Keywords: CBT, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, cognitive testing, non-­pharmacological treatments

  1. Insulin resistance in adolescents with Down syndrome: a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beserra Izabel CR

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is higher in individuals with Down syndrome (DS than in the general population; it may be due to the high prevalence of obesity presented by many of them. The aim of this study was to evaluate the insulin resistance (IR using the HOMA (Homeostasis Model Assessment method, in DS adolescents, describing it according to the sex, body mass index (BMI and pubertal development. Methods 15 adolescents with DS (8 males and 7 females were studied, aged 10 to 18 years, without history of disease or use of medication that could change the suggested laboratory evaluation. On physical examination, the pubertal signs, acanthosis nigricans (AN, weight and height were evaluated. Fasting plasma glucose and insulin were analysed by the colorimetric method and RIA-kit LINCO, respectively. IR was calculated using the HOMA method. The patients were grouped into obese, overweight and normal, according to their BMI percentiles. The EPIINFO 2004 software was used to calculate the BMI, its percentile and Z score. Results Five patients were adults (Tanner V or presence of menarche, 9 pubertal (Tanner II – IV and 1 prepubertal (Tanner I. No one had AN. Two were obese, 4 overweight and 9 normal. Considering the total number of patients, HOMA was 1.7 ± 1.0, insulin 9.3 ± 4.8 μU/ml and glucose 74.4 ± 14.8 mg/dl. The HOMA values were 2.0 ± 1.0 in females and 1.5 ± 1.0 in males. Considering the nutritional classification, the values of HOMA and insulin were: HOMA: 3.3 ± 0.6, 2.0 ± 1.1 and 1.3 ± 0.6, and insulin: 18.15 ± 1.6 μU/ml, 10.3 ± 3.5 μU/ml and 6.8 ± 2.8 μU/ml, in the obese, overweight and normal groups respectively. Considering puberty, the values of HOMA and insulin were: HOMA: 2.5 ± 1.3, 1.4 ± 0.6 and 0.8 ± 0.0, and insulin: 13.0 ± 5.8 μU/ml, 7.8 ± 2.9 μU/ml and 4.0 ± 0.0 μU/ml, in the adult, pubertal and prepubertal groups respectively. Conclusion The obese and overweight, female and

  2. Dairy intake in relation to breast and pubertal development in Chilean girls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaskins, Audrey J; Pereira, Ana; Quintiliano, Daiana; Shepherd, John A; Uauy, Ricardo; Corvalán, Camila; Michels, Karin B

    2017-05-01

    Background: Frequent dairy consumption in childhood has been related to higher growth-hormone concentrations that may affect mammary gland and pubertal development.Objective: We evaluated the relation of dairy intake to breast composition at Tanner stage 4 and age at menarche.Design: A total of 515 Chilean girls are included in the Growth and Obesity Cohort Study. The subjects have been followed longitudinally since they were 3-4 y old (from 2006 to the present). Starting in 2013, diet was assessed every 6 mo via a 24-h recall. The breast fibroglandular volume (FGV) was measured with the use of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at Tanner stage 4. The date of menarche was reported every 6 mo. Our analysis included 290 girls with data on prospective diet and breast composition and 324 girls with data on prospective diet and age at menarche.Results: The mean ± SD breast FGV and percentage of fibroglandular volume (%FGV) (i.e., FGV divided by total breast volume times 100) at Tanner stage 4 was 81.7 ± 32.2 cm(3) and 42.0% ± 16.7%, respectively. Only sweetened, artificially flavored milk-based drinks were associated with the %FGV with girls who consumed >125 g/d having a %FGV that was 4.5% (95% CI: 0.9%, 8.1%) higher than that of girls who consumed none (P-trend = 0.007). Yogurt intake was associated with a lower FGV. Specifically, girls who consumed >125 g yogurt/d had -10.2 cm(3) (95% CI: -20.2, -0.3 cm(3)) less FGV than did girls who consumed no yogurt (P-trend = 0.03). The majority (90.7%) of girls in our cohort attained menarche before the data analyses with a mean ± SD age at menarche of 11.9 ± 0.7 y. In multivariable models, low-fat dairy, low-fat milk, and yogurt intakes were associated with a later age at menarche. In particular, girls who consumed >125 g yogurt/d had menarche, on average, 4.6 mo (95% CI: 1.9, 7.4 mo) later than girls who consumed no yogurt (P-trend = 0.01).Conclusion: More-frequent consumption of sweetened, artificially-flavored milk

  3. Effect of swimming on bone metabolism in adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derman, Orhan; Cinemre, Alphan; Kanbur, Nuray; Doğan, Muhsin; Kiliç, Mustafa; Karaduman, Erdem

    2008-01-01

    Physical activity has been shown to have a positive effect on bone metabolism among adolescents. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of swimming on bone metabolism during adolescence. Swimming, as a non-weight-bearing sport, has been considered to be insignificant in the maintenance of bone mass. We studied whether swimming is associated with a higher peak bone mass. Forty swimmers (males aged 10-17 years and females aged 9-16 years) were studied. The control group consisted of the same number of adolescents aged between 10-16 years who did not swim; distribution of male and female gender was similar in the non-swimming control group compared to the swimming group. Adolescents were matched for age, gender and pubertal stages based on Tanner staging. All subjects underwent combined measurement of bone mineral metabolism by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry of total body calcium content, and specific biochemical markers of turnover including osteocalcin, calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase. Bone age (determined by Greulich and Pyle's Radiographic Atlas of Skeletal Development of the Hand and Wrist), weight, height, ideal body weight, ideal body weight ratio, body mass index, Tanner classification (rated by examiner), diet, history of tobacco and alcohol exposure, exercise, socioeconomic status and history of chronic illness and medications were recorded to evaluate potential mediators that would affect bone metabolism. Tanner staging was used to assess puberty, and diet was evaluated based on reported consumption of milk, yogurt and cheese and cola/caffeine beverage consumption daily. There was significant difference in bone mineral content between adolescent male swimmers and the control group males. Consumption of cola beverages were significantly higher among the control group compared with the swimmer group. Ideal body weight ratio was significantly high among the female control group compared with female swimmers. Milk consumption was

  4. Implementation of the Log-Conformation Formulation for Two-Dimensional Viscoelastic Flow

    CERN Document Server

    Jensen, K E; Okkels, F

    2015-01-01

    We have implemented the log-conformation method for two-dimensional viscoelastic flow in COMSOL, a commercial high-level finite element package. The code is verified for an Oldroyd-B fluid flowing past a confined cylinder. We are also able to describe the well-known bistability of the viscoelastic flow in a cross-slot geometry for a FENE-CR fluid, and we describe the changes required for performing simulations with the Phan-Thien-Tanner (PTT), Giesekus and FENE-P models. Finally, we calculate the flow of a FENE-CR fluid in a geometry with three in- and outlets. The implementation is included in the supplementary material, and we hope that it can inspire new as well as experienced researchers in the field of differential constitutive equations for viscoelastic flow.

  5. A Comparative Performance Study of Hybrid SET-CMOS Based Logic Circuits for the Estimation of Robustness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Biswabandhu Jana

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The urge of inventing a new low power consuming device for the post CMOS future technology has drawn the attention of the researchers on Single Electron Transistor [SET]. The two main virtues, ultra low power consumption [1] and ultra small dimension of SET [12, 13] have stimulated the researchers to consider it as a possible alternative. In our past paper [1] we have designed and simulated some basic gates. In this paper we have designed and simulated hybrid SET-CMOS based counter circuits, shift register to show that the hybrid SET-MOS based circuits consumes the lesser power than MOS based circuits. All the simulation were done and verified in Tanner environment using the MIB model for SET and the BSIM4.6.1 model for MOSFET.

  6. A new bathyal sipunculan from Southern California, with ecological notes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Bruce E.

    1980-11-01

    Golfingia (Nephasoma) nicolasi n. sp. is described. It is a long, slender species with a filiform introvert that is 6 to 7 times the length of the trunk. The species was often the numerically dominant taxon in samples collected from the San Nicolas Basin, California, and was also callected from several other basins off southern California. Analyses of several collections from the San Nicolas Basin show that the population was spatially patchy; temporal variation was also indicated but only one year was sampled adequately. Average population densities were highest at the base of the slopes descending into the basin from the highly productive Santa Rosa-Cortes Ridge and Tanner Bank. G. nicolasi appears to feed on the large amounts of organic detritus that accumulate from this source.

  7. Generalized Navier Boundary Condition for a Volume Of Fluid approach using a Finite-Volume method

    CERN Document Server

    Boelens, A M P

    2016-01-01

    In this work, an analytical Volume Of Fluid (VOF) implementation of the Generalized Navier Boundary Condition is presented based on the Brackbill surface tension model. The model is validated by simulations of droplets on a smooth surface in a planar geometry. Looking at the static behavior of the droplets, it is found that there is a good match between the droplet shape resolved in the simulations and the theoretically predicted shape for various values of the Young's angle. Evaluating the spreading of a droplet on a completely wetting surface, the Voinov-Tanner-Cox law ($\\theta \\propto \\text{Ca}^{1/3}$) can be observed. At later times scaling follows $r \\propto t^{1/2}$, suggesting spreading is limited by inertia. These observations are made without any fitting parameters except the slip length.

  8. Gene SRY and absence of testicular tissue in a woman 47XYY with gonadal dysgenesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Jairo Rojas

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews current concepts about sex determination and differentiation in males and females. We also present a 13 year old girl, who consulted for short stature and weight gain. She was a Tanner I for breast and pubic hair. There were no signs of androgen excess. Lab showed a high FSH and LH with normal growth hormone. Laparoscopy revealed streak gonads without testicular tissue. Karyotype was 47XYY, with the SRY gene present. Functional studies of the gene to detect mutations were not performed. Patient responded to a combination of estradiol and medroxyprogesterone with normal menses and breast development. This patient is an example of the importance of performing genetic studies in the evaluation of gonadal dysgenesis cases. It is possible that a de novo mutation of the gene, rather than a paternal meiotic nondysjunction was present in our patient.

  9. Spectral Shape of Doubly-Generalized LDPC Codes: Efficient and Exact Evaluation

    CERN Document Server

    Flanagan, Mark F; Chiani, Marco; Fossorier, Marc

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzes the asymptotic exponent of the weight spectrum for irregular doubly-generalized LDPC (D-GLDPC) codes. In the process, an efficient numerical technique for its evaluation is presented, involving the solution of a 4 x 4 system of polynomial equations. The expression is consistent with previous results, including the case where the normalized weight or stopping set size tends to zero. The spectral shape is shown to admit a particularly simple form in the special case where all variable nodes are repetition codes of the same degree, a case which includes Tanner codes; for this case it is also shown how certain symmetry properties of the local weight distribution at the CNs induce a symmetry in the overall weight spectral shape function. Finally, using these new results, weight and stopping set size spectral shapes are evaluated for some example generalized and doubly-generalized LDPC code ensembles.

  10. STS-97 Mission Specialist Noriega talks to media after arrival for launch

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    After their arrival at the Shuttle Landing Facility, the STS-97 crew gather to address the media. At the microphone is Mission Specialist Carlos Noriega. Behind him stand Commander Brent Jett, Pilot Michael Bloomfield and Mission Specialists Joseph Tanner and Marc Garneau, who is with the Canadian Space Agency. Mission STS-97is the sixth construction flight to the International Space Station. Its payload includes the P6 Integrated Truss Structure and a photovoltaic (PV) module, with giant solar arrays that will provide power to the Station. The mission includes two spacewalks to complete the solar array connections. STS-97 is scheduled to launch Nov. 30 at about 10:06 p.m. EST.

  11. Time course and determinants of leptin decline during weight loss in obese boys and girls

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jens-Christian; Gamborg, Michael; Kaas-Ibsen, Karsten;

    2007-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether changes in leptin concentrations during weight loss can be explained by gender, puberty, baseline adiposity and changes in adiposity, body composition, rate of weight loss, physical activity and insulin concentrations. DESIGN: A longitudinal study with 9 repeated...... size, physical activity scores, blood leptin (ng/ml) and insulin concentrations (pmol/l) were measured at baseline, and except for Tanner stage and testicular size, repeated regularly during the programme. RESULTS: The weight loss was accompanied by a steep decline in leptin concentrations during......, puberty, baseline adiposity or concomitant changes in BMI SDS, fat mass percentage, rate of weight loss, physical activity scores or insulin concentrations. CONCLUSION: The biphasic leptin decline, which exceeded the level expected, was independent of puberty, baseline adiposity and changes in adiposity...

  12. Reduced Comparator Flash ADC for ECG Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saravanan. V. A

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available A CMOS based low power 4-bit Flash Analog to Digital Converter (ADC design with reduced number of comparators than the conventional Flash Analog to Digital Converter and multiplexer based architecture is proposed. For improving the conversion rate, both the analog and digital parts of the ADC are fully modified and the architecture uses only 4 comparators instead of 15 as used in conventional flash ADC, thus saving considerable amount of power. The proposed 4-bit ADC is designed and simulated in TANNER tools with 1.2 V supply voltage using TSpice simulation. The proposed design consumes low power of 2.15mW and operates at a faster rate hence it is suitable for ECG applications.

  13. Fiscal sustainability in Costa Rica 1991-2013: A Montecarlo Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio César Espinosa Rodríguez

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The following document is an application of the fiscal sustainability model for Costa Rican economy. The model uses the methodology of natural debt limit proposed by Mendoza and Oviedo (2009 as well as a set of Montecarlo simulations to estimate the probability of surpassing this limit. The model is a simplification of the one applied by Tanner and Samake (2007 and Fernandez K. (2005. After forecasting a 3 year period a 76.09% probability to exceed the limit of debt was obtained  indicating that the economy has a high risk of unsustainable debt, in this context is was proposed, based on the IRF’s, a possible contractive fiscal politic was encountered.

  14. An algebraic approach to graph codes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinero, Fernando

    theory as evaluation codes. Chapter three consists of the introduction to graph based codes, such as Tanner codes and graph codes. In Chapter four, we compute the dimension of some graph based codes with a result combining graph based codes and subfield subcodes. Moreover, some codes in chapter four......This thesis consists of six chapters. The first chapter, contains a short introduction to coding theory in which we explain the coding theory concepts we use. In the second chapter, we present the required theory for evaluation codes and also give an example of some fundamental codes in coding...... are optimal or best known for their parameters. In chapter five we study some graph codes with Reed–Solomon component codes. The underlying graph is well known and widely used for its good characteristics. This helps us to compute the dimension of the graph codes. We also introduce a combinatorial concept...

  15. Study on the historical outage data based probability distribution of cascading line failures in a regional power grid%基于历史故障记录数据的电网连锁故障规模概率分布研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任惠; 熊吉; David Watts; 陈曦

    2014-01-01

    The probabilistic distribution of cascading outages is one of the main measures to describe the propagation of cascading outages, and to evaluate the risk of the large scale outages of the power system. Historical outage data has always been used for power system reliability evaluation, and by combined with the branching process model, it is used for cascading outage analysis for a regional power grid. Based on the 14-year utility historical outage data from a regional power grid in China, several known probabilistic models are tested and compared, and a Borel-Tanner branching process model is proposed to estimate the probabilities of cascading line outages. Statistical error analysis is performed to study the effectiveness of applying the Borel-Tanner model to practical grid risk management. Results indicate that the empirical distribution of the total number of line outages is approximated well by the Borel-Tanner model. For the same confidential level, the estimation of the probability distribution of the larger cascades by the Borel-Tanner branching process model requires significantly fewer recorded outage data than empirical estimation by a factor of 10-1.%连锁故障规模的概率分布描述了电网连锁故障的传播特点,是衡量电网发生大规模停电故障概率的有效方法之一。针对历史故障统计数据进行计算,是传统电力系统可靠性评估方法之一。将其与分支过程模型结合,用于区域电网的连锁故障分析。采用某区域电网14年历史故障数据为样本数据,针对多种概率模型进行比较分析,提出采用波雷-坦尔分支过程模型计算该区域电网连锁故障规模的概率分布,并采用误差分析研究了波雷-坦尔模型应用于实际电网风险管理的有效性和可能性。结果表明,波雷-坦尔模型能够很好地估计线路故障规模的概率分布。在相同置信度要求下,基于波雷-坦尔模型估计故障概率分布所需

  16. Forced convection heat transfer of Couette-Poiseuille flow of nonlinear viscoelastic fluids between parallel plates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hashemabadi, S.H. [Iran Univ. of Science and Technology, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Tehran (Iran); Etemad, S.Gh. [Isfahan Univ. of Technology, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Isfahan (Israel); Thibault, J. [Ottawa Univ., Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Ottawa, ON (Canada)

    2004-08-01

    Heat transfer to viscoelastic fluids is frequently encountered in various industrial processing. In this investigation an analytical solution was obtained to predict the fully developed, steady and laminar heat transfer of viscoelastic fluids between parallel plates. One of the plates was stationary and was subjected to a constant heat flux. The other plate moved with constant velocity and was insulated. The simplified Phan-Thien-Tanner (SPTT) model, believed to be a more realistic model for viscoelastic fluids, was used to represent the rheological behavior of the fluid. The energy equation was solved for a wide range of Brinkman number, dimensionless viscoelastic group, and dimensionless pressure drop. Results highlight the strong effects of these parameters on the heat transfer rate. (Author)

  17. New spreading law of thin film liquids controlled by gravity and vdW forces under thermal fluctuations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nesic, Svetozar; Cuerno Rejado, Rodolfo; Moro Egido, Esteban

    2013-11-01

    It has been shown that, in the regime controlled by surface tension, the spreading dynamics of a thin viscous fluid droplet changes significantly when it is subjected to thermal fluctuations. Technically, this has been accomplished through the incorporation of appropriate stochastic terms into the standard lubrication equation. In practice, it leads to a modification of the classic Tanner's law for spreading, with implications for Micro and Nanofluidic systems. We have recently found a new law of spreading for the same kind of systems, but in the gravity-dominated regime. Moreover, in the deteministic case a finite contact angle is formed when a van der Waals attractive force is introduced to the system and we show that there is a slight change in contact angle when thermal fluctuations are taken into account. Ph.D student and a member of GISC (http://matematicas.uc3m.es/index.php/gisc).

  18. Research of Different RA Decoding Algorithms%重复累积码几种译码算法的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾雪婷

    2015-01-01

    介绍了一种可以进行线性编码、线性译码的好码──重复累积码,分析和推导了基于Tanner图的三种译码算法,用MATLAB在高斯信道下对三种算法进行仿真,对RA码译码的结果进行了比较。%This paper introduces a kind of good code called repeat accumulate code which can be linear coding and linear decoding. Analysis and derivation of three decoding algorithms are made based on Tanner graph. We simulate the three RA decoding algorithms in the AWGN channel by MATLAB and make comparisons of the different decoding performance.

  19. CERN Library | Carlos Chimal presents his book "El Universo en un puñado de átomos" | 26 September

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Library

    2016-01-01

    "El Universo en un puñado de átomos", by Carlos Chimal. Monday 26 September 2016 - 16:00 Room Georges Charpak (60-6-015)   What have in common Swiss filmmaker Alain Tanner, Argentinian writer Jorge Luis Borges, French philosopher Voltaire, Spanish writer Cervantes, English playwright Shakespeare and Particle Physics? El Universo en un puñado de átomos is a chronicle about the relationship between literature, arts, science and technology around HEP. As a novelist interested in public understanding of science, author started these diary of the journey into the atom in April of 1992 interviewing Leon Lederman at Fermilab, later he visited DESY and finally, since 1998, he came to CERN and did "lab life", sometimes spending several weeks, even months, at CERN. Every year since then he have been interviewing particle hunters as many as he could. So, this book is supported by their testimonies given formally...

  20. Performance Analysis of Variation in Power Consumption and Frequency on Different Topologies of Ring VCO in 70 nm CMOS Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumant Katiyal

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The proposed work describes the performance evaluation ofdifferent types of ring oscillator Voltage Controlled Oscillatortopologies on the basis of two characteristic parameters powerand frequency in 70 nm CMOS technology. The varioustopologies analyzed include Current Starved VCO, VCO withGates of PMOS Transistor Grounded, VCO with PMOS DiodeConnected, VCO with NMOS Diode Connected, VCO withvoltage applied to both PMOS and NMOS Transistor.Simulation of different parameters of ring oscillator VCO iscarried out on Tanner tool Version 13. VCO topologies areevaluated on the basis of frequency and power consumption bytaking lower supply voltage of 1.2 V. Performance evaluationand comparison of different topologies results in minimumpower consumption of 0.57 uW by Current Starved VCOtopology and maximum operating frequency of 0.57 MHz byVCO with Gates of PMOS Transistor Grounded.

  1. Avaliação das medidas do comprimento peniano de crianças e adolescentes Penile anthropometry in Brazilian child and adolescent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro N. Gabrich

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Classicamente, o pênis tem duas funções: permitir a fertilização interna e direcionar o jato miccional. Entretanto, alterações objetivas do tamanho peniano podem levar ao diagnóstico de doenças. Além disso, é motivo comum de consulta médica a busca por parâmetros de normalidade do tamanho do pênis. Contudo, a antropometria do pênis da criança e do adolescente brasileiros ainda não foi devidamente estudada. O objetivo do estudo é realizar a antropometria do pênis de crianças e adolescentes brasileiros, estabelecendo referências para aplicação clínica. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo transversal, envolvendo 2.010 pacientes com idades variando entre 0 e 18 anos. Foram obtidas cinco medidas penianas: diâmetro da haste peniana; comprimento aparente e real do pênis flácido; comprimento aparente e real (CRTmax do pênis flácido sob tração máxima. O desenvolvimento puberal foi caracterizado pelos critérios de Tanner. RESULTADOS: De todas as medidas penianas, o CRTmax foi a única que não apresentou variação significativa interpesquisador em todas as faixas etárias analisadas (p = 0,255. Os resultados foram distribuídos em tabelas com a média do CRTmax e os valores do que se considera micropênis (média - 2,5 desvio padrão de acordo com as diferentes faixas etárias e com os diferentes graus de maturação sexual de Tanner. Foi desenvolvido um gráfico com a distribuição dos valores do CRTmax distribuído por percentis 10, 25, 50, 75 e 90 por faixa etária. CONCLUSÕES: De todas as medidas antropométricas penianas, o CRTmax é a única clinicamente útil. Recomendamos nossos resultados como referência de antropometria peniana para crianças e adolescentes brasileiros.OBJECTIVE: Classically, the penis has two functions: to make internal fertilization possible and to direct the urine stream. However, objective abnormalities in penis size can lead to diseases being diagnosed. Furthermore, many medical

  2. Analytical studies on the LAOS behaviors of some popularly used viscoelastic constitutive equations with a new insight on stress decomposition of normal stresses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bae, Jung-Eun; Cho, Kwang Soo

    2017-09-01

    Shear stress of Large Amplitude Oscillatory Shear (LAOS) is known to be decomposed to elastic and viscous stresses. According to the parity of normal stress with respect to shear strain and shear rate, it also can be mathematically decomposed into two parts: NEE (even symmetry part for both strain and strain rate) and NOO (odd symmetry part for both shear strain and shear rate). However, the physical meaning of the decomposed normal stress is questionable. This paper is to prove the conjecture that NEE is elastic and NOO is viscous under the condition of time-strain separability. For the purpose of the proof, we developed mathematical tools for the analytical solutions of LAOS. We applied the mathematical methods to some popularly used constitutive equations such as the convected Maxwell models, the separable Kaye-Bernstein-Kearsley-Zepas (K-BKZ) model, the Giesekus model, and the Phan-Thien and Tanner model.

  3. Acne and hirsuties in teenagers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barth, Julian H; Clark, Sheila

    2003-02-01

    Acne and body hair are both cutaneous responses to androgenic stimulation. They are normal events in adolescent girls. There is considerable variation in the evolution of the two conditions. The sebaceous gland is exquisitely sensitive to androgens, and acne appears with the onset of puberty, peaks in prevalence in the teenage years and gradually improves thereafter. Hair growth on the face, trunk and limbs develops more slowly and generally peaks in the 20s. Indications for endocrine investigation include very severe acne, onset of acne and hirsuties in the very early stage of puberty (Tanner stage 3) and systemic virilism. Treatment for acne and hirsuties can be either topical or systemic. The choice of therapy is based on the severity of the disease rather than the results of endocrine investigation. Further, since PCO is related to impaired glucose tolerance, advice relating to lifestyle changes should be offered to prevent the development of diabetes.

  4. Performance Evaluation of Different SRAM Cell Structures at Different Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sapna Singh, Neha Arora

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In recent years the demand for low power devices has been increases tremendously. To solve the power dissipation problem, many researchers have proposed different ideas from the device level to the architectural level and above. However, there is no universal way to avoid tradeoffs between power, delay and area, thus designers are required to choose appropriate techniques that satisfy application and product needs. The demand for static random-access memory (SRAM is increasing with large use of SRAM in System On-Chip and high-performance VLSI circuits. This paper represents the simulation of different SRAM cells and their comparative analysis on different parameters such as Power Supply Voltage, area efficiency etc to enhance the performance. All the simulations have been carried out on BSIM 3V3 90nm,45nm and 32 technology at Tanner EDA tool.

  5. Functional mapping of the human visual cortex with intravoxel incoherent motion MRI.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Federau

    Full Text Available Functional imaging with intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM magnetic resonance imaging (MRI is demonstrated. Images were acquired at 3 Tesla using a standard Stejskal-Tanner diffusion-weighted echo-planar imaging sequence with multiple b-values. Cerebro-spinal fluid signal, which is highly incoherent, was suppressed with an inversion recovery preparation pulse. IVIM microvascular perfusion parameters were calculated according to a two-compartment (vascular and non-vascular diffusion model. The results obtained in 8 healthy human volunteers during visual stimulation are presented. The IVIM blood flow related parameter fD* increased 170% during stimulation in the visual cortex, and 70% in the underlying white matter.

  6. Spreading Dynamics of Nanodrops: A Lattice Boltzmann Study

    CERN Document Server

    Gross, Markus

    2014-01-01

    Spreading of nano-droplets is an interesting and technologically relevant phenomenon where thermal fluctuations lead to unexpected deviations from well-known deterministic laws. Here, we apply the newly developed fluctuating non-ideal lattice Boltzmann method [Gross et al., J. Stat. Mech., P03030 (2011)] for the study of this issue. Confirming the predictions of Davidovich and coworkers [PRL 95, 244905 (2005)], we provide the first independent evidence for the existence of an asymptotic, self-similar noise-driven spreading regime in both two- and three-dimensional geometry. The cross over from the deterministic Tanner's law, where the drop's base radius $b$ grows (in 3D) with time as $b \\sim t^{1/10}$ and the noise dominated regime where $b \\sim t^{1/6}$ is also observed by tuning the strength of thermal noise.

  7. Reference evapotranspiration models using different time scales in the Jaboticabal region of São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natália Buzinaro Caporusso

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to compare 18 reference evapotranspiration models to the standard Penman-Monteith model in the Jaboticabal, São Paulo, region for the following time scales: daily, 5-day, 15-day and seasonal. A total of 5 years of daily meteorological data was used for the following analyses: accuracy (mean absolute percentage error, Mape, precision (R2 and tendency (bias (systematic error, SE. The results were also compared at the 95% probability level with Tukey’s test. The Priestley-Taylor (1972 method was the most accurate for all time scales, the Tanner-Pelton (1960 method was the most accurate in the winter, and the Thornthwaite (1948 method was the most accurate of the methods that only used temperature data in the equations.

  8. Nocturnal rhythm of growth hormone in Duchenne patients: effect of different doses of mazindol and/or cyproheptadine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zatz, M; Rapaport, D; Pavanello, R C; Rocha, J M; Vainzof, M; Nicolau, W

    1989-08-01

    Human growth hormone (hGH) inhibition may be beneficial for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients and slow the rate of progression of the disease. The purpose of the present investigation was 1) to assess, before any therapeutic trial, the natural growth hormone (GH) rhythm during physiological sleep in DMD patients and in normal control boys of comparable age; 2) to evaluate the effect of different doses of two potential GH inhibitors on nocturnal GH secretion in DMD patients receiving mazindol (1-4 mg), cyproheptadine (4-8 mg), or both drugs. The results from the present investigation showed 1) wide variability in nocturnal GH secretion before medication; 2) no correlation between nocturnal GH concentration and height, age, bone age, L-dopa provocative test, or Tanner staging; and 3) no consistent effect on GH release after mazindol, cyproheptadine therapy, or combined therapy.

  9. Health care for gender variant or gender non-conforming children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forcier, Michelle M; Haddad, Emily

    2013-04-01

    Most children explore various aspects of gender and sexuality as children. Youth with consistent, persistent, and insistent gender non-conformity or gender dysphoria are important to identify in the pre- and early-pubertal years as early intervention and support may be lifesaving. Those whose gender non-conformity persists into puberty and adolescence are most likely to identify as transgender. Blocking pubertal development at Tanner stage 2 for pre-pubertal, gender non-conforming children is a relatively new but reversible and highly beneficial strategy to delay puberty, giving patients and families time to come up with a transition plan. Early identification, collaborative support from healthcare providers and mental health clinicians, and supportive interventions for both children and families grappling with gender variance may improve social and mental health outcomes for what has traditionally been considered a high-risk, vulnerable population.

  10. Longitudinal Analysis of Leptin Variation during Weight Regain after Weight Loss in Obese Children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jens-Christian, Holm; Michael, Gamborg; Leigh, Ward

    2009-01-01

    Objective: This study assessed if lower than predicted serum leptin concentrations seen during weight loss persisted during weight regain, with possible implications for weight control. Methods: 115 children were investigated during a 12-week weight loss program. 90 children completed the program......, and 68 children entered a follow-up program spanning 28 months. Measurements were performed at baseline and day 82 as well as at months 10, 16, and 28. Height, weight, body composition, Tanner stages, testicular size, and serum concentrations of leptin, and insulin were measured at all time points....... Results: Children with the greatest increases in BMI standard deviation score (SDS) exhibited the largest leptin increments. The disproportionate reduction of leptin seen during weight loss recovered after weight loss. Leptin increases mirrored increases in BMI SDS during weight regain, and the leptin...

  11. Pubertal Stage, Body Mass Index, and Cardiometabolic Risk in Children and Adolescents in Bogotá, Colombia: The Cross-Sectional Fuprecol Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robinson Ramírez-Vélez

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This study explored the association between pubertal stage and anthropometric and cardiometabolic risk factors in youth. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2877 Colombian children and adolescents (9–17.9 years of age. Weight, height, and waist circumference were measured and body mass index (BMI was calculated. A biochemical study was performed to determine the cardiometabolic risk index (CMRI. Blood pressure was evaluated and pubertal stage was assessed with the Tanner criteria. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were performed. The most significant variable (p < 0.05 in the prognosis of cardiometabolic risk was found to be the BMI in both boys and girls. In the case of girls, the pubertal stage was also a CMRI predictive factor. In conclusion, BMI was an important indicator of cardiovascular risk in both sexes. Pubertal stage was associated with cardiovascular risk only in the girls.

  12. Associations between seasonal sleep change and indoor tanning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Culnan, Elizabeth; Kloss, Jacqueline D; Darlow, Susan; Heckman, Carolyn J

    2015-04-01

    Identification of risk factors for indoor tanning may ultimately aid the development of better indoor tanning prevention strategies, which is pertinent given the association between indoor tanning and skin cancer. This study aimed to examine the relationship between seasonal sleep change and indoor tanning. Female tanners (N=139) completed self-report measures including items relating to seasonal sleep changes, seasonal affective disorder (SAD), reasons for tanning, tanning during the winter months, and the Tanning Pathology Scale (TAPS), which measures problematic tanning motives and symptoms of tanning dependence. It was hypothesized that seasonal sleep change and SAD would be associated with greater indoor tanning during the winter, more tanning to improve mood and to relax, and higher scores on the TAPS. Findings indicated that more seasonal sleep change was associated with tanning to improve mood and higher scores on the TAPS. Similarly, the presence of SAD was related to tanning to improve mood, tanning to relax, and more problematic tanning.

  13. Hypoplastic uterus and clitoris enlargement in Swyer syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hétu, Valérie; Caron, Evelyne; Francoeur, Diane

    2010-02-01

    Swyer syndrome is associated with absent testicular differentiation in a 46XY phenotypic female. A 17-year-old female presented with primary amenorrhea and 46XY karyotype. Breast and pubic hair development were Tanner 2, and clitoral enlargement was noted. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a hypoplastic uterus and 2 "normal ovaries." Serum follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone were elevated. Testosterone and androstenedione were in the female range. Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate was slightly elevated. Laparoscopic bilateral gonadectomy was performed. Pathology reports showed bilateral microscopic benign hilar cell tumors. The diagnosis was a real puzzle for the clinicians because of the association of clitoral hypertrophy without hirsutism, female internal genitalia, and a 46XY karyotype. Clitoral enlargement can be explained by transient androgen secretion by the hilar cells found in the resected gonads. Copyright 2010 North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Optimized puncturing distributions for irregular non-binary LDPC codes

    CERN Document Server

    Gorgoglione, Matteo; Declercq, David

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we design non-uniform bit-wise puncturing distributions for irregular non-binary LDPC (NB-LDPC) codes. The puncturing distributions are optimized by minimizing the decoding threshold of the punctured LDPC code, the threshold being computed with a Monte-Carlo implementation of Density Evolution. First, we show that Density Evolution computed with Monte-Carlo simulations provides accurate (very close) and precise (small variance) estimates of NB-LDPC code ensemble thresholds. Based on the proposed method, we analyze several puncturing distributions for regular and semi-regular codes, obtained either by clustering punctured bits, or spreading them over the symbol-nodes of the Tanner graph. Finally, optimized puncturing distributions for non-binary LDPC codes with small maximum degree are presented, which exhibit a gap between 0.2 and 0.5 dB to the channel capacity, for punctured rates varying from 0.5 to 0.9.

  15. Valoración del estrés oxidativo producido por el ejercicio físico inducido en dos grupos de varones prepuberales y puberales

    OpenAIRE

    Benítez Sillero, Juan de Dios

    2011-01-01

    Se estudia la influencia del ejercicio físico intenso, mediante un protocolo ncremental máximo, sobre el nivel más adecuado de cortisol como marcador de estrés bioquímico y el estrés oxidativo producido una muestra de 70 varones, 38 prepuberales (Tanney 32 puberales (Tanner 3-4, 13-14 años de edad) que se encontraban dentro de parámetros somatométricos, hemodinámicos y nivel de condición física normales para su edad. A partir de la prueba del test de Course Navette se establecieron dos grupos...

  16. Viscoelastic flow modeling in the extrusion of a dough-like fluid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhanasekharan, M; Kokini, J L

    2000-08-01

    This work attempts to investigate the effect of viscoelasticity and three-dimensional geometry in screw channels. The Phan-Thien Tanner (PTT) constitutive equation with simplified model parameters was solved in conjunction with the flow equations. Polyflow, a commercially available finite element code was used to solve the resulting nonlinear partial differential equations. The PTT model predicted one log scale lower pressure buildup compared to the equivalent Newtonian results. However, the velocity profile did not show significant changes for the chosen PTT model parameters. Past Researchers neglected viscoelastic effects and also the three dimensional nature of the flow in extruder channels. The results of this paper provide a starting point for further simulations using more realistic model parameters, which may enable the food engineer to more accurately scale-up and design extrusion processes.

  17. Viscoelastic flow due to a rotating disc enclosed in a cylindrical casing. Numerical simulation and experiment; Kaiten enban ni yoru nendansei ryutai no yokinai nagare. Suchi simulation to jikken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moroi, T. [Toyoda Automatic Loom Works, Ltd., Aichi (Japan); Ito, M.; Fujita, K. [Nagoya Institue of Technology, Nagoya (Japan)

    1999-11-25

    Numerical simulations by a finite-difference method have been made for a viscoelastic flow due to a rotating disc enclosed in a cylindrical casing with relatively large axial clearance. The Giesekus model, modified Giesekus modal and Phan Thien-Tanner model were applied as the constitutive equations. Using particle tracking velocimetry (PTV), the effects of rheological properties on the distribution of the velocity component V{sub {theta}} and the secondary flow were clarified. By comparing the experimental results with the numerical simulations the validity of the respective viscoelastic fluid models were examined. The secondary flow patters observed by flow visualizations were characterized by the elasticity number (= Weissenberg number/Reynolds number). It was confirmed experimentally that near the rotating axis there was a place where the tangential velocity component was negative for the cases of 0.3 wt% and 1 wt% polyacrylamide aqueous solutions. (author)

  18. Sex effect on catecholamine responses to sprint exercise in adolescents and adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botcazou, Maïtel; Jacob, Christophe; Gratas-Delamarche, Arlette; Vincent, Sophie; Bentué-Ferrer, Danièle; Delamarche, Paul; Zouhal, Hassane

    2007-05-01

    The purpose of this study was to clarify the effect of sex on plasma catecholamine responses to sprint exercise in adolescents and adults. Thirty-six untrained participants took part in this study-9 girls and 10 boys (Tanner Stage 4) and 9 women and 8 men. Each participant performed a 6-s sprint test on a cycle ergometer. Plasma adrenaline (A) and noradrenaline (NA) concentrations were determined successively at rest (A0 and NA0), immediately after the 6-s sprint test (AEX and NAEX), and after 5 min of recovery (A5 and NA5). Peak power, expressed in absolute values or relative to body weight and fat-free mass, was significantly higher in boys than in girls and higher in men than in women (p sprint (p men than in women (p women than in girls (p men than in boys (p sprint exercise.

  19. Using UV photography to reduce use of tanning booths: a test of cognitive mediation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibbons, Frederick X; Gerrard, Meg; Lane, David J; Mahler, Heike I M; Kulik, James A

    2005-07-01

    Two laboratory studies were conducted in which a new type of intervention was used to reduce ultraviolet radiation (UV) exposure from tanning booth use among college students (Time 1 Ns=70 and 134). The intervention uses UV photography to highlight the damage to facial skin caused by previous UV exposure. When the authors controlled for baseline measures of booth use, students in both studies who viewed their UV photographs reported less booth use at a follow-up session 3-4 weeks later than did students not shown a copy of their photograph. Also, in both studies, the decline in use was significantly mediated by a Tanning Cognition Index composed of variables suggested by the prototype-willingness (prototype) model of health risk: tanning attitudes, tanner prototypes, and willingness to engage in risky UV exposure.

  20. STS-97 Pilot Bloomfield arrives at KSC for TCDT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    STS-97 Pilot Mike Bloomfield arrives at the Shuttle Landing Facility aboard a T-38 jet aircraft. He and the rest of the crew are at KSC to take part in Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test activities that include emergency egress training, familiarization with the payload, and a simulated launch countdown. The other crew members are Commander Brent Jett, and Mission Specialists Joe Tanner, Carlos Noriega and Marc Garneau, who is with the Canadian Space Agency. Mission STS-97is the sixth construction flight to the International Space Station. Its payload includes the P6 Integrated Truss Structure and a photovoltaic (PV) module, with giant solar arrays that will provide power to the Station. The mission includes two spacewalks to complete the solar array connections. STS-97 is scheduled to launch Nov. 30 at 10:05 p.m. EST.

  1. Spreading law on a completely wettable spherical substrate: The energy balance approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwamatsu, Masao

    2017-05-01

    The spreading of a cap-shaped spherical droplet on a completely wettable spherical substrate is studied. The nonequilibrium thermodynamic formulation is used to derive the thermodynamic driving force of spreading including the line-tension effect. Then the energy balance approach is adopted to derive the evolution equation of the spreading droplet. The time evolution of the contact angle θ of a droplet obeys a power law θ ˜t-α with the exponent α , which is different from that derived from Tanner's law on a flat substrate. Furthermore, the line tension must be positive to promote complete wetting on a spherical substrate, while it must be negative on a flat substrate.

  2. Thermal Decomposition Kinetics of Abietic Acid in Static Air

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    NONG Weijian; CHEN Xiaopeng; WANG Linlin; LIANG Jiezhen; ZHONG Lingping; TONG Zhangfa

    2013-01-01

    The thermal decomposition of abietic acid in air was investigated under non-isothermal condition using thermograv,imetric analysis-differential thermal analysis (TGA-DTA) technique with heating rates of 5,10,15 and 25 K·min 1.The non-isothermal kinetic parameters were obtained via the analysis of the therrnogravimetric and differential thermogravimetric (TG-DTG) curves by using Flynn-Wall-Ozawa method and Kissinger method.The thermal decomposition mechanism of abietic acid was studied with four integral methods (Satava-Sesták,MacCallum-Tanner,ordinary integral and Agrawal).The results show that the thermal decomposition mechanism is nucleation and growth,and the mechanism function is Avrami-Erofeev equation with n equates 1/2.The activation energy and the pre-exponential factor are 64.04 kJ·mol-and 5.89×10 s-1,respectively.

  3. Pengujian Kemampuan Daya Samak Cube Black dan Limbah Cair Gambir Terhadap Mutu Kulit Tersamak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustri Yeni

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Leather tanning industries generally use sintetic tanner such as chrome (Cr+3 which can damage environment. Therefore, it is needed to find environmentally friendly tannery material, one is by using gambier. The aim of this research was to know tannic ability of gambier on goat’s leather and tuna fish. The gambier for tannery material contained high tannin (>70% namely Cube black and liquid waste from gambier processing. Concentration of tannery material that would be used for tanned was 1 kg. Tanned leather was tested to tannery degree (DP and physical test included pull strength, elongation, and rip strength, at same treatment compared to chrome tannery. Test results leather tanned showed that, the higher the concentration of tannery material the higher the results of DP, and the physical characteristic was better. Tanned leather from goat that used Cube black gambier concentration at 4% gave DP value approximately equal to chrome tanner (38,45% and 36,60%. For tanned tuna fish gave value of DP were 39,57% and 31,35%. Tannery material of gambier gave value of pull strength, rip strength, and elongation were higher than chrome’s. The value of pull strength of goat’s leather was 730,37 kg cm-2, tuna fish was 353,33 kg cm-2 got from liquid waste tanner. The value of rip strength fof goat’s leather was 353,33 kg cm-2, tuna fish skin 29,96 kg cm-2, and elongation value from tuna fish skin 202,0% was gotten from Cube black gambier. The result of the research showed that tannery material of gambier had tannery characteristic that can replace tanner of chrome.ABSTRAKIndustri penyamakan kulit umumnya menggunakan bahan penyamak sintetis seperti krom (Cr+3 yang dapat merusak lingkungan. Untuk itu, perlu dicari bahan penyamak yang ramah lingkungan, diantaranya menggunakan gambir. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui daya samak gambir terhadap kulit kambing dan ikan tuna. Gambir untuk  bahan penyamak mengandung kadar tanin tinggi (>70% adalah

  4. [Dietary Fiber and Pubertal Development among Children and Adolescents--a Cross-sectional Study in Chengdu, Sichuan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Guo; Liu, Yan; Xue, Hong-mei; Luo, Jiao; Chen, Yan-rong; Bao, Yu-xin; Duan, Ruo-nan; Yang, Ming-zhe; Cheng, Guo

    2016-03-01

    To determine the association between intake of dietary fiber and pubertal development among children and adolescents in Chengdu. A cross-sectional survey was undertaken in 1 340 children and adolescents aged 9-15 years. Data about dietary intake were collected through 24-h dietary self-recall. Pubertal development was measured by trained investigators using Tanner criteria. Consumptions of total fiber and fiber from different sources were compared among the participants with different stages of pubertal development. Data from 1 328 children and adolescents were analyzed. Boys (n = 667) at a later stage of pubertal development consumed less total fiber and fruit fiber than those at an earlier stage (P fiber than those at an earlier stage (P Dietary fiber intake, especially fruit fiber, is lower in children and adolescents with early commencement of puberty development. Further studies are needed to establish the relationship between dietary fiber and pubertal development.

  5. Assessment of muscle shortening and static posture in children with persistent asthma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Erica A; Fanelli-Galvani, Adriana; Prisco, Camilla C V; Gonçalves, Raquel C; Jacob, Cristina M A; Cabral, Anna L B; Martins, Milton A; Carvalho, Celso R F

    2007-07-01

    Asthmatic patients experience an increase in airway resistance that overburdens both respiratory and non-respiratory muscles. The objective of the present study was to determine whether children with persistent asthma present muscle shortening and postural changes. The 60 boys evaluated, aged 7-12 (pubertal ages up to Tanner stage G2) were divided into three age- and BMI-matched groups of equal number: CON (no history of asthma or allergy); MPA (mild persistent asthma); SPA (severe persistent asthma). Pulmonary function, muscle shortening and static posture were evaluated. The SPA group presented higher protraction of the head and shoulder compared with the CON group [9.5 (6.0-12.0) degrees vs 5.5 (0.0-12.0) degrees, P control subjects in five out nine evaluated outcomes. Our data suggest that severe asthmatic children present postural adaptations and muscle shortening that seem to be related to disease severity.

  6. Prediction of Viscoelastic Behavior of Blood Flow in Plaque Deposited Capillaries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Anwar Solangi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper investigates the viscoelastic behaviour of blood over low value of elasticity, to analyse the influence of inertia in the presence of elasticity. For viscoelastic fluids shear-thinning and strainsoftening PTT (Phan-Thien/Tanner constitutive model is employed to identify the influence of elasticity. The computational method adopted is based on a finite element semi-implicit time stepping Taylor- Galerkin/pressure-correction scheme. Simulations are conducted via atherosclerotic vessels along with various percentages of deposition at distinct values of Reynolds numbers. The numerical simulations are performed for recirculation flow structure and development of recirculation length to investigate the impact of atherosclerosis on partially blocked plaque deposited vessels.

  7. Polytope of Correct (Linear Programming) Decoding and Low-Weight Pseudo-Codewords

    CERN Document Server

    Chertkov, Michael

    2011-01-01

    We analyze Linear Programming (LP) decoding of graphical binary codes operating over soft-output, symmetric and log-concave channels. We show that the error-surface, separating domain of the correct decoding from domain of the erroneous decoding, is a polytope. We formulate the problem of finding the lowest-weight pseudo-codeword as a non-convex optimization (maximization of a convex function) over a polytope, with the cost function defined by the channel and the polytope defined by the structure of the code. This formulation suggests new heuristics for finding the lowest weight pseudo-codewords, which is advantageous in comparison with the one discussed previously, in particular because of being provably monotonic and also resulting in more frequent discoveries of pseudo-codewords with the lowest weights. The algorithm performance is tested on the example of the Tanner [155, 64, 20] code over the Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) channel.

  8. The Relationship between Physical Activity and Bone during Adolescence Differs according to Sex and Biological Maturity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin K. Weeks

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the relationships between bone mass, physical activity, and maturational status in healthy adolescent boys and girls. Methods. Ninety-nine early high-school (Year 9 students were recruited. Physical activity and other lifestyle habits were recorded via questionnaire. Anthropometrics, muscle power, calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA, bone mineral content (BMC, and lean tissue mass were measured. Maturity was determined by Tanner stage and estimated age of peak height velocity (APHV. Results. Boys had greater APHV, weight, height, muscle power, and dietary calcium than girls (<.05. Boys exhibited greater femoral neck BMC and trochanteric BMC while girls had higher BUA and spine BMAD (<.05. Physical activity and vertical jump predicted BMAD and BUA most strongly for boys whereas years from APHV were the strongest predictor for girls. Conclusion. Sex-specific relationships exist between physical activity, maturity and bone mass during adolescence.

  9. Health workforce policy and industrial relations in Australia: ministerial insights into challenges and opportunities for reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sgrò, Silvana

    2014-09-01

    Since the Productivity Commission released its research report Australia's Health Workforce in 2005, there has been a significant increase in government funding and policy capacity aimed at health workforce reform and innovation in Australia. This research paper presents the results of semistructured interviews with three key stakeholders in health policy formation in Australia: (1) The Honourable Lindsay Tanner, former Federal Minister for Finance and therefore 100% shareholder of Medibank Private on behalf of the Commonwealth; (2) The Honourable Daniel Andrews, former Victorian Minister for Health and current Victorian Opposition Leader; and (3) The Honourable Jim McGinty, former Minister for Health and Attorney General of Western Australia and current inaugural Chair of Health Workforce Australia. The paper examines key issues they identified in relation to health workforce policy in Australia, particularly where it intersects with industrial relations, and conducts a comparative analysis between their responses and theoretical methodologies of policy formation as a means of informing a reform process.

  10. Circulating AMH reflects ovarian morphology by Magnetic Resonance Imaging and 3D-ultrasound in 121 healthy girls

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hagen, Casper P; Mouritsen, Annette; Mieritz, Mikkel G;

    2015-01-01

    if serum levels of AMH reflects ovarian morphology in healthy girls. Design: Population-based cohort study. Setting: General community. Participants: 121 healthy girls aged 9.8 - 14.7 years. Main outcome measures: Clinical examination, including pubertal breast stage (Tanner´s classification B1 - 5......). Ovarian volume as well as the number and size of antral follicles were assessed by two independent modalities: A) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): Ellipsoid volume, follicles ≥ 2mm, and B) Transabdominal ultrasound (TAUS): Ellipsoid- and 3D volume, follicles ≥ 1mm. Circulating levels of AMH, inhibin B......, estradiol, FSH and LH were assessed by immunoassays; testosterone and androstenedione by LC-MS/MS. Results: AMH reflected the number of small (MRI 2 - 3mm) and medium (4 - 6mm) follicles (Pearson´s Rho (r) = 0.531 and r = 0.512, p

  11. Viscoelastic flow modeling in the extrusion of a dough-like fluid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhanasekharan, M.; Kokini, J. L.; Janes, H. W. (Principal Investigator)

    2000-01-01

    This work attempts to investigate the effect of viscoelasticity and three-dimensional geometry in screw channels. The Phan-Thien Tanner (PTT) constitutive equation with simplified model parameters was solved in conjunction with the flow equations. Polyflow, a commercially available finite element code was used to solve the resulting nonlinear partial differential equations. The PTT model predicted one log scale lower pressure buildup compared to the equivalent Newtonian results. However, the velocity profile did not show significant changes for the chosen PTT model parameters. Past Researchers neglected viscoelastic effects and also the three dimensional nature of the flow in extruder channels. The results of this paper provide a starting point for further simulations using more realistic model parameters, which may enable the food engineer to more accurately scale-up and design extrusion processes.

  12. Pubertal development in Danish children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul, A; Teilmann, G; Scheike, Thomas Harder

    2006-01-01

    differences between USA and Denmark, as well as to look for possible secular trends in pubertal development. Healthy Caucasian children from public schools in Denmark participated in the study which was carried out in 1991-1993. A total number of 826 boys and 1,100 girls (aged 6.0-19.9 years) were included......Two recent epidemiological studies (PROS and NHANES III) from the USA noted earlier sexual maturation in girls, leading to increased attention internationally to the age at onset of puberty. We studied the timing of puberty in a large cohort of healthy Danish children in order to evaluate......, and pubertal stages were assessed by clinical examination according to methods of Tanner. In boys testicular volume was determined using an orchidometer. We found that age at breast development 2 (B2) was 10.88 years, and mean menarcheal age was 13.42 years. Girls with body mass index (BMI) above the median...

  13. Numerical Simulation of Rheology Character of Polymer Extrusion Flow in the Micro Channel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, Zhong; Huang, Xing-Yuan; Liu, He-Sheng

    2016-05-01

    In this study, to study the rheology characteristic of polymer melt in the micro-channel, the apparent viscosity, entrance pressure and shear stress under the same shear rate were analyzed by mean of CFD numerical simulation method. The Phan-Thien and Tanner (PTT) viscoelastic model was used as the constructive equation of polymer melt. To verify the change situation of apparent viscosity and entrance pressure in the flow of channel, two sets of channels with different diameters and ratios of length-to-diameter were compared with each other. The research results verified that the entrance pressure increase and apparent viscosity decrease with decreasing of diameter of channel, which is in good agreement with the results of past reported.

  14. Body Composition, Nutritional Profile and Muscular Fitness Affect Bone Health in a Sample of Schoolchildren from Colombia: The Fuprecol Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Adriana Forero-Bogotá

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present study is to investigate the relationships between body composition, nutritional profile, muscular fitness (MF and bone health in a sample of children and adolescents from Colombia. Participants included 1118 children and adolescents (54.6% girls. Calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (c-BUA was obtained as a marker of bone health. Body composition (fat mass and lean mass was assessed using bioelectrical impedance analysis. Furthermore height, weight, waist circumference and Tanner stage were measured and body mass index (BMI was calculated. Standing long-jump (SLJ and isometric handgrip dynamometry were used respectively as indicators of lower and upper body muscular fitness. A muscular index score was also computed by summing up the standardised values of both SLJ and handgrip strength. Dietary intake and degree of adherence to the Mediterranean diet were assessed by a 7-day recall questionnaire for food frequency and the Kidmed questionnaire. Poor bone health was considered using a z-score cut off of ≤−1.5 standard deviation. Once the results were adjusted for age and Tanner stage, the predisposing factors of having a c-BUA z-score ≤−1.5 standard deviation included being underweight or obese, having an unhealthy lean mass, having an unhealthy fat mass, SLJ performance, handgrip performance, and unhealthy muscular index score. In conclusion, body composition (fat mass and lean body mass and MF both influenced bone health in a sample of children and adolescents from Colombia. Thus promoting strength adaptation and preservation in Colombian youth will help to improve bone health, an important protective factor against osteoporosis in later life.

  15. Body Composition, Nutritional Profile and Muscular Fitness Affect Bone Health in a Sample of Schoolchildren from Colombia: The Fuprecol Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forero-Bogotá, Mónica Adriana; Ojeda-Pardo, Mónica Liliana; García-Hermoso, Antonio; Correa-Bautista, Jorge Enrique; González-Jiménez, Emilio; Schmidt-RíoValle, Jacqueline; Navarro-Pérez, Carmen Flores; Gracia-Marco, Luis; Vlachopoulos, Dimitris; Martínez-Torres, Javier; Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson

    2017-01-01

    The objective of the present study is to investigate the relationships between body composition, nutritional profile, muscular fitness (MF) and bone health in a sample of children and adolescents from Colombia. Participants included 1118 children and adolescents (54.6% girls). Calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (c-BUA) was obtained as a marker of bone health. Body composition (fat mass and lean mass) was assessed using bioelectrical impedance analysis. Furthermore height, weight, waist circumference and Tanner stage were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Standing long-jump (SLJ) and isometric handgrip dynamometry were used respectively as indicators of lower and upper body muscular fitness. A muscular index score was also computed by summing up the standardised values of both SLJ and handgrip strength. Dietary intake and degree of adherence to the Mediterranean diet were assessed by a 7-day recall questionnaire for food frequency and the Kidmed questionnaire. Poor bone health was considered using a z-score cut off of ≤−1.5 standard deviation. Once the results were adjusted for age and Tanner stage, the predisposing factors of having a c-BUA z-score ≤−1.5 standard deviation included being underweight or obese, having an unhealthy lean mass, having an unhealthy fat mass, SLJ performance, handgrip performance, and unhealthy muscular index score. In conclusion, body composition (fat mass and lean body mass) and MF both influenced bone health in a sample of children and adolescents from Colombia. Thus promoting strength adaptation and preservation in Colombian youth will help to improve bone health, an important protective factor against osteoporosis in later life. PMID:28165360

  16. Higher metabolic syndrome in obese asthmatic compared to obese nonasthmatic adolescent males.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del-Rio-Navarro, Blanca E; Castro-Rodriguez, Jose A; Garibay Nieto, Nayely; Berber, Arturo; Toussaint, Gerogina; Sienra-Monge, Juan J; Romieu, Isabel

    2010-06-01

    The relationship between asthma and obesity has been documented in children and adolescents; however, few studies on metabolic syndrome and asthma have been performed. To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in adolescents among the following groups: obese with asthma (OA), obese without asthma (ONA), nonobese with asthma (NOA), and nonobese without asthma (NONA). The authors measured anthropometric (height, weight, waist circumference, body mass index, and waist-hip ratio), clinical (Tanner stage, blood pressure, fat and muscle reserve, and exercise), and biochemical parameters (basal and load glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoproteins, uric acid, and insulin) in 500 Mexican adolescents. A total of 111 OA, 198 ONA, 63 NOA, and 71 NONA adolescents completed the study. There were no differences in age, height, Tanner stage, high-density lipoproteins, or basal glucose among groups. Cholesterol, triglycerides, uric acid, basal insulin, and homeostasis model assessment (HOMA)-IR were significantly higher among the obese than nonobese groups but were similar between the OA and ONA groups. The prevalence of impaired fasting glucose was significantly higher among ONA versus OA males. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (define as > or =3 abnormal cardiometabolic risk factors by de Ferranti, Cook, and International Diabetes Federation [IDF] criteria) was higher among OA teens than in the ONA group; however, this association was significant only among males. Adolescents from the ONA group were able to perform significantly more vigorous exercise than the other groups. Adolescent males who were obese and also had mild persistent asthma had a significantly higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome than obese males without asthma. However, overall, asthma seems to confer a protective effect against the prediabetes condition in males.

  17. Design and methods for a cluster randomized trial of the Sunless Study: A skin cancer prevention intervention promoting sunless tanning among beach visitors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merriam Philip

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Skin cancer is the most prevalent yet most preventable cancer in the US. While protecting oneself from ultraviolet radiation (UVR can largely reduce risk, rates of unprotected sun exposure remain high. Because the desire to be tan often outweighs health concerns among sunbathers, very few interventions have been successful at reducing sunbathing behavior. Sunless tanning (self-tanners and spray tans, a method of achieving the suntanned look without UVR exposure, might be an effective supplement to prevention interventions. Methods and Design This cluster randomized trial will examine whether a beach-based intervention that promotes sunless tanning as a substitute for sunbathing and includes sun damage imaging and sun safety recommendations is superior to a questionnaire only control group in reducing sunbathing frequency. Female beach visitors (N = 250 will be recruited from 2 public beaches in eastern Massachusetts. Beach site will be the unit of randomization. Follow-up assessment will occur at the end of the summer (1-month following intervention and 1 year later. The primary outcome is average sunbathing time per week. The study was designed to provide 90% power for detecting a difference of .70 hours between conditions (standard deviation of 2.0 at 1-year with an intra-cluster correlation coefficient of 0.01 and assuming a 25% rate of loss to follow-up. Secondary outcomes include frequency of sunburns, use of sunless tanning products, and sun protection behavior. Discussion Interventions might be improved by promoting behavioral substitutes for sun exposure, such as sunless tanners, that create a tanned look without exposure to UVR. Trial registration NCT00403377

  18. Rigorous asymptotics of traveling-wave solutions to the thin-film equation and Tanner’s law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giacomelli, Lorenzo; Gnann, Manuel V.; Otto, Felix

    2016-09-01

    We are interested in traveling-wave solutions to the thin-film equation with zero microscopic contact angle (in the sense of complete wetting without precursor) and inhomogeneous mobility {{h}3}+{λ3-n}{{h}n} , where h, λ, and n\\in ≤ft(\\frac{3}{2},\\frac{7}{3}\\right) denote film height, slip parameter, and mobility exponent, respectively. Existence and uniqueness of these solutions have been established by Maria Chiricotto and the first of the authors in previous work under the assumption of sub-quadratic growth as h\\to ∞ . In the present work we investigate the asymptotics of solutions as h\\searrow 0 (the contact-line region) and h\\to ∞ . As h\\searrow 0 we observe, to leading order, the same asymptotics as for traveling waves or source-type self-similar solutions to the thin-film equation with homogeneous mobility h n and we additionally characterize corrections to this law. Moreover, as h\\to ∞ we identify, to leading order, the logarithmic Tanner profile, i.e. the solution to the corresponding unperturbed problem with λ =0 that determines the apparent macroscopic contact angle. Besides higher-order terms, corrections turn out to affect the asymptotic law as h\\to ∞ only by setting the length scale in the logarithmic Tanner profile. Moreover, we prove that both the correction and the length scale depend smoothly on n. Hence, in line with the common philosophy, the precise modeling of liquid-solid interactions (within our model, the mobility exponent) does not affect the qualitative macroscopic properties of the film.

  19. Simultaneous pulsatile flow and oscillating wall of a non-Newtonian liquid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrera-Valencia, E. E.; Sánchez-Villavicencio, M. L.; Calderas, F.; Pérez-Camacho, M.; Medina-Torres, L.

    2016-11-01

    In this work, analytical predictions of the rectilinear flow of a non-Newtonian liquid are given. The fluid is subjected to a combined flow: A pulsatile time-dependent pressure gradient and a random longitudinal vibration at the wall acting simultaneously. The fluctuating component of the combined pressure gradient and oscillating flow is assumed to be of small amplitude and can be adequately represented by a weakly stochastic process, for which a quasi-static perturbation solution scheme is suggested, in terms of a small parameter. This flow is analyzed with the Tanner constitutive equation model with the viscosity function represented by the Ellis model. According to the coupled Tanner-Ellis model, the flow enhancement can be separated in two contributions (pulsatile and oscillating mechanisms) and the power requirement is always positive and can be interpreted as the sum of a pulsatile, oscillating, and the coupled systems respectively. Both expressions depend on the amplitude of the oscillations, the perturbation parameter, the exponent of the Ellis model (associated to the shear thinning or thickening mechanisms), and the Reynolds and Deborah numbers. At small wall stress values, the flow enhancement is dominated by the axial wall oscillations whereas at high wall stress values, the system is governed by the pulsating noise perturbation. The flow transition is obtained for a critical shear stress which is a function of the Reynolds number, dimensionless frequency and the ratio of the two amplitudes associated with the pulsating and oscillating perturbations. In addition, the flow enhancement is compared with analytical and numerical predictions of the Reiner-Phillipoff and Carreau models. Finally, the flow enhancement and power requirement are predicted using biological rheometric data of blood with low cholesterol content.

  20. The Effect of Glycemic Control on Plasma Ghrelin and Serum IGF-1 Levels in Type 1 Diabetic Girls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tolga Altuğ Şen

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of glycemic control on plasma ghrelin levels and serum IGF-1 levels in girls with type 1 diabetes. Materials and Method: The study group composed of 32 diabetic girls between the ages of 14.0-20.0 years with Tanner pubertal stage 5; and 15 healthy girls in similar ages with Tanner pubertal stage 5 formed the control group. Diabetic girls were classified as well glycemic controlled (n=18 and poor glycemic controlled (n=14 according to last year’s mean glycosylated hemoglobin levels. All subjects were tested for fasting plasma ghrelin and serum IGF-1 levels. Results: The mean fasting plasma ghrelin levels in girls with well controlled diabetes, in girls wtih poor controlled diabetes and in control group were 483.4±221.9 pg/ml, 310.7±110.2 pg/ml, 471.9±175.0 pg/ml respectively. The mean serum IGF-1 levels in girls with well controlled diabetes was 233.9±59.2 ng/ml, in girls with poor controlled diabetes 183.9±36.7 ng/ml, and in healthy controls 247.3±48.5 ng/ml. Plasma ghrelin levels and serum IGF-1 levels were similar in girls with well controlled diabetes and in the control group, however it was significantly supressed in those with poorly controlled diabetes. Conclusion: The metabolic control may be a determinative factor on plasma ghrelin and serum IGF-1 levels of type 1 diabetics. Plasma ghrelin and serum IGF-1 levels were similar in well glycemic controlled diabetics and control group, while they were suppressed in only poor glycemic controlled diabetics. (Journal of Current Pediatrics 2009; 7: 104-10

  1. Acute decrease in serum testosterone after a mixed glucose and protein beverage in obese peripubertal boys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Alexander; Patel, Barkha P; Vien, Shirley; McCrindle, Brian W; Anderson, G Harvey; Hamilton, Jill

    2015-09-01

    Delayed puberty and lower levels of testosterone (T) have been observed in adult obese males and some adolescent males. In adult men, enteral glucose ingestion results in acute lowering of serum testosterone levels; however, this has not been studied in adolescents. We aimed to examine the acute effect of a glucose/protein beverage on serum T concentration changes in obese peripubertal males. A second objective was to determine whether change in T concentration was related to appetite hormone levels. Twenty-three overweight and obese males aged 8-17 in pre-early (Tanner stage 1-2) and mid-late (Tanner stage 3-5) puberty were included in this cross-sectional study at the Clinical investigative unit at the Hospital for Sick Children. Participants consumed a beverage containing glucose and protein, and blood samples measuring pubertal hormones, ghrelin and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) were taken over 60 min. Across pubertal stages, there was a significant decrease in T levels in adolescent boys (-18·6 ± 3·1%, P Decrease in T was associated with a decrease in LH (r = 0·52, P = 0·02), and fasting T was inversely correlated with fasting ghrelin (r = -0·51, P = 0·03) with no correlation with GLP-1. Intake of a mixed glucose/protein beverage acutely decreases T levels in overweight and obese peripubertal boys. A potential mechanism for this decrease may be secondary to an acute decrease in LH, but this requires further evaluation. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. Programmable Mixed-Signal CMOS Square-Wave Delayer with Pico-Second Precision%皮秒级精度可编程数模混合CMOS方波延时器

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐和根; 张文丰

    2012-01-01

    提出了一种基于数模混合CMOS电路的能实现皮秒级精度、线性化、延时时间、精度和范围可编程、能复制输入波形的小体积、低功耗、低成本及可单芯片化的方波延时器.分析了回路的工作原理,并利用Tanner EDA工具进行建模和仿真.结果表明采用0.6μm数模混合CMOS工艺,通过8位延时控制和2位范围选择信号,可实现最高约20ps/LSB的延时分辨率和最大约28ns的延时范围.%This paper proposes a picosecond precision programmable mixed-signal CMOS square-wave delayer which achieves the function of linearity,original input waveform duplication, variable resolution and low power consumption. And it can be integrated in the small size chip under low cost. The principle of the system is analyzed. The system is modeled and simulated with Tanner EDA tools. Simulation results validate that a highest resolution of 20ps/LSB and maximum delay range of 28ns can be achieved using 0.6μm mixed-signal CMOS fabrication process,an 8-bit digital delay control signal and a 2-bit digital range selection signal.

  3. Sleep duration and activity levels in Estonian and Swedish children and adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortega, Francisco B; Ruiz, Jonatan R; Labayen, Idoia; Kwak, Lydia; Harro, Jaanus; Oja, Leila; Veidebaum, Toomas; Sjöström, Michael

    2011-10-01

    We aimed to examine the associations of sleep duration with time spent on sedentary, moderate and vigorous activities in children and adolescents. The sample consisted of 2,241 (53.5% girls) Estonian and Swedish children (9-10 years) and adolescents (15-16 years), from the European Youth Heart Study, in 1998-1999. Sleep duration was calculated by the difference between self-reported bedtime and time for getting up on a normal weekday. Sedentary time/physical activity was measured by accelerometry (valid data on 1,462 participants). Adolescents had lower odds than children, and Swedish higher odds than Estonian, of meeting the sleep recommendations (>9 h) (OR = 0.22, 95% CI 0.17-0.27; and 1.32, 1.07-1.61, respectively). Participants sleeping longer than 10 h spent more time on physical activities (all intensities) and less time on sedentary activities than those sleeping shorter durations (all P < 0.001). The associations with physical activity became non-significant after additional adjustment for age or sexual maturation (Tanner stages), whereas the associations with sedentary time became borderline significant (P = 0.09/0.03, for age and Tanner, respectively). In conclusion, these results do not suggest a link between sleep durations and activity in a relatively large sample of children and adolescents from two European countries. Consequently, the common assumption that physical activity is a mediator in the relationship between short sleep durations and obesity is not supported by our findings.

  4. Validation of longitudinal DXA changes in body composition from pre- to mid-adolescence using MRI as reference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bridge, Pascale; Pocock, Nicholas A; Nguyen, Tuan; Munns, Craig; Cowell, Christopher T; Forwood, Nicholas; Thompson, Martin W

    2011-01-01

    Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) has been used extensively for bone mineral density and body composition assessments. Surprisingly, the role of DXA in monitoring changes in children's body composition, using direct imaging methods such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as reference, is still yet to be validated. We aimed at validating the use of DXA in monitoring change in the thigh lean soft tissue mass (LSTM) and fat mass (FM) when compared with thigh skeletal muscle mass (SM) and FM, measured using MRI as the reference standard, from childhood to midadolescence. At baseline, 22 healthy children (16 boys and 6 girls) aged 8-11yr were included, and then recalled at pubertal stage Tanner2-Tanner4. LSTM-DXA and FM-DXA of the mid-third femur and SM-MRI and FM-MRI of the same region were measured on the same day. The same protocol was repeated 26-48mo later. At baseline, DXA overestimated LSTM-DXA on average by 222g (95% confidence interval [CI]: 33-410g) with a concordance C-LSTM=0.576. FM-MRI and FM-DXA were not significantly different (95% CI=213 to 199g, the C-FM=0.907). At follow-up, change in LSTM-DXA and FM-DXA were not significantly different to change in SM-MRI and FM-MRI, respectively (95% CI of the difference was -278 to 208g for LSTM, and -148 to 236g for FM). The coefficient of concordance between the 2 techniques was 0.88 for both LSTM and FM. This study validates the use of DXA in monitoring changes in LSTM and FM in children, confirming its significant potential in clinical and research roles in pediatric body composition.

  5. The asymmetry of pectoralis muscles is greater in male prepubertal than in professional tennis players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchis-Moysi, Joaquin; Dorado, Cecilia; Idoate, Fernando; González-Henríquez, Juan J; Serrano-Sanchez, Jose A; Calbet, Jose A L

    2016-10-01

    It is generally accepted that preadolescents have a limited capacity to develop muscle hypertrophy in response to exercise compared with older populations; however, studies are scarce and conflicting. The main aim of the present study was to assess if playing tennis is associated with the hypertrophy of dominant pectoralis muscles (PM) in professional (PRO) and in prepubescent tennis players (PRE). A secondary aim was to assess if the degree of asymmetry of PM is greater in PRO than PRE. The volume of PM of both sides was determined using magnetic resonance imaging in 8 male PRO (21.9 years), 6 male PRE (11 years, Tanner 1-2) and 12 male non-active controls (6 adults: 23.5 years; and 6 prepubescents: 10.7 years, Tanner 1-2). PRO and PRE had 15 and 30% greater volume, respectively, in the dominant than in the contralateral PM (P < .01). No significant side-to-side differences in PM volume were observed in the non-active controls (3%, P = .34 in adults and 5%, P = .17 in children). The degree of side-to-side asymmetry in PM volume was greater in PRE than in PRO (P < .05). In conclusion, tennis practice is associated with marked hypertrophy of dominant PM in tennis players, even at prepubertal age, whilst non-active age-matched control subjects display similar volumes in both sides. The larger asymmetry observed in PRE than in PRO may indicate a greater relative loading in the children or increased contralateral hypertrophy in the professionals. This study demonstrates that prepubertal children respond with marked hypertrophy to loading by tennis.

  6. Serum leptin concentration during puberty in healthy nonobese adolescents

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    Brandão C.M.A.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Data obtained during the past five years have indicated that there are important age- and gender-based differences in the regulation and action of leptin in humans. To study the physiological changes of leptin during puberty in both sexes, and its relationship with body composition and sexual maturation, we measured leptin concentrations in 175 healthy adolescents (80 girls, 95 boys, 10-18 years of age, representing all pubertal stages. We excluded individuals with a body mass index (BMI below the 5thor above the 95th percentile relative to age. Serum concentrations of leptin were determined by a monoclonal antibody-based immunofluorimetric assay, developed in our laboratory. Body composition was determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Pubertal stage was assigned by physical examination, according to Tanner criteria for breast development in females and genital development in males. Leptin concentration in girls (N = 80 presented a positive linear correlation with age (r = 0.35, P = 0.0012, BMI (r = 0.65, P < 0.0001 and %fat mass (r = 0.76, P < 0.0001. In boys (N = 95 there was a positive correlation with BMI (r = 0.49, P < 0.0001 and %fat mass (r = 0.85, P < 0.0001, but a significant negative linear correlation with Tanner stage (r = -0.45, P < 0.0001 and age (r = -0.40, P < 0.0001. The regression equation revealed that %fat mass and BMI are the best parameters to be used to estimate leptin levels in both sexes. Thus, the normal reference ranges for circulating leptin during adolescence should be constructed according to BMI or %fat mass to assure a correct evaluation.

  7. A School-Based Resistance Intervention Improves Skeletal Growth in Adolescent Females

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    Bernardoni, Brittney; Thein-Nissenbaum, Jill; Fast, Joshua; Day, Molly; Li, Quefeng; Wang, Sijian; Scerpella, Tamara

    2014-01-01

    Physical activity modulates bone growth during adolescence, but an effective activity has not been identified for general use. PURPOSE To examine the effect of a school-based resistance-training program on skeletal growth in peri-menarcheal females. METHODS 6th grade girls participated in a 7-month, resistance-training program (INT) embedded in physical education classes (PE). Age and maturity matched controls (CON) from a neighboring school participated in standard PE. INT dose defined high (HI) and low (LO) groups. At baseline (BL) and follow-up (FU), Non-INT organized activity (PA, h/wk) and maturity status were recorded; DXA scans assessed total-body, distal radius, proximal femur, and lumbar spine. Regression models analyzed growth in bone outcomes for HI v CON, accounting for age, Tanner stage, height, and PA. RESULTS 44 girls (22 HI, 22 CON) were 11.7 ± 0.3 yrs at BL; all were ≤6 mo post-menarche and did not differ in bone growth over the course of the intervention (p>0.05). However, in a sub-analysis limited to subjects who were Tanner breast II (T2) or III (T3) at BL (n=21 CON, n=17 HI), T2 HI had greater gains in narrow neck (NN) width (p=0.01) compared to T2 CON, while T3 HI had greater gains in L3 BMD (p=0.03) compared to T3 CON. CONCLUSIONS In a group of T2 and T3 6th grade girls, a school-based resistance-training intervention produced maturity-specific differential gains for HI v CON at the hip and spine. PMID:24114402

  8. Lactase persistence and milk consumption are associated with body height in Swedish preadolescents and adolescents

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    Peter Engfeldt

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Body height is a classic polygenic trait. About 80%–90% of height is inherited and 10%–20% owed to environmental factors, of which the most important ones are nutrition and diseases in preadolescents and adolescents. The aim of this study was to explore potential relations between the LCT (lactase C > T-13910 polymorphism, milk consumption, and body height in a sample of Swedish preadolescents and adolescents. In a cross-sectional study, using a random sample of preadolescents and adolescents (n = 597, dietary intakes were determined. Anthropometric measurements including sexual maturity (Tanner stage and birth weight were assessed. Parental body height and socio-economic status (SES were obtained by questionnaires. Genotyping for the LCT C > T-13910 polymorphism that renders individuals lactase persistent (LP or lactase non-persistent (LNP was performed by DNA sequencing. Stepwise backward multivariate linear regression was used. Milk consumption was significantly and positively associated with body height (β = 0.45; 95% CI: 0.040, 0.87, p = 0.032. Adjustments were performed for sex, parental height, birth weight, body mass index (BMI, SES, and Tanner stage. This model explains 90% of the observed variance of body height (adjusted R2 = 0.89. The presence of the -13910 T allele was positively associated with body height (β = 2.05; 95% CI: 0.18, 3.92, p = 0.032. Milk consumption is positively associated with body height in preadolescents and adolescents. We show for the first time that a nutrigenetic variant might be able to explain in part phenotypic variation of body height in preadolescents and adolescents. Due to the small sample size further studies are needed.

  9. Evaluation of different methods to estimate daily reference evapotranspiration in ungauged basins in Southern Brazil

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    Ribeiro Fontoura, Jessica; Allasia, Daniel; Herbstrith Froemming, Gabriel; Freitas Ferreira, Pedro; Tassi, Rutineia

    2016-04-01

    Evapotranspiration is a key process of hydrological cycle and a sole term that links land surface water balance and land surface energy balance. Due to the higher information requirements of the Penman-Monteith method and the existing data uncertainty, simplified empirical methods for calculating potential and actual evapotranspiration are widely used in hydrological models. This is especially important in Brazil, where the monitoring of meteorological data is precarious. In this study were compared different methods for estimating evapotranspiration for Rio Grande do Sul, the Southernmost State of Brazil, aiming to suggest alternatives to the recommended method (Penman-Monteith-FAO 56) for estimate daily reference evapotranspiration (ETo) when meteorological data is missing or not available. The input dataset included daily and hourly-observed data from conventional and automatic weather stations respectively maintained by the National Weather Institute of Brazil (INMET) from the period of 1 January 2007 to 31 January 2010. Dataset included maximum temperature (Tmax, °C), minimum temperature (Tmin, °C), mean relative humidity (%), wind speed at 2 m height (u2, m s-1), daily solar radiation (Rs, MJ m- 2) and atmospheric pressure (kPa) that were grouped at daily time-step. Was tested the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Penman-Monteith method (PM) at its full form, against PM assuming missing several variables not normally available in Brazil in order to calculate daily reference ETo. Missing variables were estimated as suggested in FAO56 publication or from climatological means. Furthermore, PM was also compared against the following simplified empirical methods: Hargreaves-Samani, Priestley-Taylor, Mccloud, McGuiness-Bordne, Romanenko, Radiation-Temperature, Tanner-Pelton. The statistical analysis indicates that even if just Tmin and Tmax are available, it is better to use PM estimating missing variables from syntetic data than

  10. Quantitative Ultrasound at the Hand Phalanges in Adolescent Girls is Related to Their Overall Physical Fitness.

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    Bolanowski, Marek; Pluskiewicz, Wojciech; Syrycka, Joanna; Chwałczyńska, Agnieszka

    2016-01-01

    Growing of the skeleton, depends on genetic, health, nutritional and environmental influences. The aim of the study was to assess the ultrasound properties of bone measured at hand phalanges in adolescent girls regarding the influence of pubertal status and level of physical fitness. The study group was 56 adolescent girls aged 12-14 yrs, the controls were 86 girls matched for age, recruited from 1256 subjects undergoing bone measurement for screening purposes. The skeletal status (amplitude-dependent speed of sound - Ad-SoS) was assessed by quantitative ultrasound (QUS) at proximal phalanges using DBM Sonic 1200. Physical fitness was assessed by the Zuchora index and pubertal development by the Tanner scale. The adolescent girls from our study group had greater body weight, height, BMI and Ad-SoS values than the controls. Overall physical fitness was highest in girls with the lowest BMI and lowest in girls with the highest BMI values. The highest results of the Ad-SoS were reported in girls presenting highest level of physical fitness. They were statistically significantly higher than in girls with a minimal level of physical fitness. There was a statistically significant correlation between the overall physical fitness score and Ad-SoS results. No correlations between Ad-SoS and the Tanner scale, particular the elements of physical fitness (speed, jumping ability, flexibility, shoulder muscular strength, abdominal muscle strength) and BMI were shown. The bone properties assessed by QUS at the hand phalanges in adolescent girls aged 12-14 years depend on their overall physical fitness. Pubertal development, body size and particular elements of physical fitness, especially shoulder muscular strength, have limited influence.

  11. Seasonal monitoring of deep-sea megabenthos in Barkley Canyon cold seep by internet operated vehicle (IOV).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doya, Carolina; Chatzievangelou, Damianos; Bahamon, Nixon; Purser, Autun; De Leo, Fabio C; Juniper, S Kim; Thomsen, Laurenz; Aguzzi, Jacopo

    2017-01-01

    Knowledge of the processes shaping deep-sea benthic communities at seasonal scales in cold-seep environments is incomplete. Cold seeps within highly dynamic regions, such as submarine canyons, where variable current regimes may occur, are particularly understudied. Novel Internet Operated Vehicles (IOVs), such as tracked crawlers, provide new techniques for investigating these ecosystems over prolonged periods. In this study a benthic crawler connected to the NEPTUNE cabled infrastructure operated by Ocean Networks Canada was used to monitor community changes across 60 m2 of a cold-seep area of the Barkley Canyon, North East Pacific, at ~890 m depth within an Oxygen Minimum Zone (OMZ). Short video-transects were run at 4-h intervals during the first week of successive calendar months, over a 14 month period (February 14th 2013 to April 14th 2014). Within each recorded transect video megafauna abundances were computed and changes in environmental conditions concurrently measured. The responses of fauna to environmental conditions as a proxy of seasonality were assessed through analysis of abundances in a total of 438 video-transects (over 92 h of total footage). 7698 fauna individuals from 6 phyla (Cnidaria, Ctenophora, Arthropoda, Echinodermata, Mollusca, and Chordata) were logged and patterns in abundances of the 7 most abundant taxa (i.e. rockfish Sebastidae, sablefish Anoplopoma fimbria, hagfish Eptatretus stoutii, buccinids (Buccinoidea), undefined small crabs, ctenophores Bolinopsis infundibulum, and Scyphomedusa Poralia rufescens) were identified. Patterns in the reproductive behaviour of the grooved tanner crab (Chionnecetes tanneri) were also indicated. Temporal variations in biodiversity and abundance in megabenthic fauna was significantly influenced by variabilities in flow velocity flow direction (up or down canyon), dissolved oxygen concentration and month of study. Also reported here for the first time are transient mass aggregations of grooved tanner

  12. Goldie Roth unchained: risk and its management in Lian Tanner’s Museum of Thieves

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    Wood, Danielle

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In her children’s action adventure novel Museum of Thieves, Lian Tanner overtly critiques adult risk-aversion and the over-protection of children. The protagonist is Goldie, an unruly child who escapes the oppressive regime of the City of Jewel where children up to the age of 12 are chained, for their own safety, to adult companions. Goldie escapes Jewel’s power structures and enters a mysterious museum housing the city’s unwanted wildness and danger. In its opening chapter Museum of Thieves establishes a subversive schema that problematises concepts of safety and order and glorifies chaos and risk, but this paper argues that as the novel progresses the author finds the schema increasingly difficult to control. It is tempting to read the museum as a “time out” zone such as CS Lewis’s Narnia, L Frank Baum’s Oz, and Maurice Sendak’s “place where the wild things are”: a space in which child characters can gain self-knowledge and skills before returning to an adult-dominated order. However, because of the degree to which Jewel and its structures are pathologised, Tanner finds she cannot bring Goldie back from “time out”. But rather than being a transgressive text, Museum of Thieves ends in a much less subversive place than it sets out to reach; the museum is revealed as a tightly controlled space and Goldie is well-protected, both within the diegesis by the museum’s special features, and beyond the diegesis by the author and the author’s cognisance of contemporary publishing industry expectations about the depiction of risk in children’s fiction.

  13. Baixo peso ao nascer como marcador de alterações na monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial Bajo peso al nacer como marcador de alteraciones en el monitoreo ambulatorio de la presión arterial Low birth weight as a marker of changes in ambulatory blood pressure monitoring

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    Cláudia Maria Salgado

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: O baixo peso ao nascimento (BPN está associado com aumento da pressão arterial (PA e de doenças cardiovasculares no adulto. OBJETIVO: Avaliar as possíveis alterações na monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial (MAPA em crianças com BPN. MÉTODOS: Avaliou-se o peso ao nascimento (PN de 1.049 crianças, entre 8 e 11 anos, em escolas de Goiânia. Aquelas com BPN (PN 3,0 kg. O PN foi obtido no cartão da criança. Avaliaram-se PA casual e MAPA. Após a obtenção do peso e da estatura para cálculo do índice de massa corpórea (IMC, realizou-se avaliação da maturação sexual segundo os critérios de Tanner (excluídos Tanner >2. RESULTADOS: Obtiveram-se 34 crianças com BPN e 34 com PNN. Os grupos foram semelhantes quanto a idade, sexo, raça, peso, estatura, IMC e história familiar de hipertensão. As crianças com BPN apresentaram maior pressão sistólica (PS casual (p = 0,007. Na MAPA, apresentaram maior pressão diastólica (PD nas 24 horas (p = 0,009, maior PD de vigília (p = 0,002, maiores PS e PD no sono (p = 0,005 e p = 0,001 e menor descenso noturno da PS e PD (p = 0,001 do que as com PNN. Observou-se uma correlação positiva do PN com o descenso noturno da PS (p = 0,022 e negativa com a PS no sono (p = 0,032. CONCLUSÃO: As crianças com BPN apresentaram PA mais elevada e alteração do ritmo circadiano da pressão arterial, com atenuação do descenso noturno. Esses achados podem representar um risco aumentado para a hipertensão arterial e doença cardiovascular no adulto.FUNDAMENTO: El bajo peso al nacer (BPN está asociado al aumento de la presión arterial (PA y de enfermedades cardiovasculares en el adulto. OBJETIVO: Evaluar las posibles alteraciones en el monitoreo ambulatorio de la presión arterial (MAPA en niños con BPN. MÉTODOS: Se evaluó el peso al nacer (PN de 1.049 niños, entre 8 y 11 años, en escuelas de la ciudad de Goiânia. Aquellos con BPN (PN 3,0 kg. El PN se obtuvo en la tarjeta

  14. 促性腺激素释放激素类似物治疗特发性中枢性性早熟女童的临床疗效及其对下丘脑-垂体-性腺轴激素水平的影响%Clinical Effect of GnRHa on ICPP in Girls and Its Influence on the Hormone Level of HPG Axis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴静; 雷文芬; 周娇妹; 兰秀聪

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical effect of gonadotropin - releasing hormone analogue( GnRHa)on idiopathic central precocious puberty(ICPP)in girls and its influence on the hormone level of hypothalamic - pituitary - gonadal (HPG)axis. Methods 81 girls with ICPP who accorded with the inclusion and exclusion criteria from the Department of Children's Growth and Development of Lishui People's Hospital in Zhejiang Province from January 2004 to October 2013 were collected in the study. Based on health education,the subjects were given acetic acid triptorelin treatment. Recombinant human growth hormone therapy was added when a subject's growth decelerated. The indicators of growth and development(height,body mass,BA,ΔBA/ ΔCA,PAH,GⅤ)were observed and calculated before the treatment and in month 3,month 6,month 12 and month 24 during the treatment. The secondary sex characteristics,hormone level( E2 ,LH,FSH)of the subjects were observed before treatment and in month 6 during the treatment,and the adverse events were also recorded. Results There were 19 subjects who were given recombinant human growth hormone therapy. And there were 18 subjects who discontinued treatment 12 months after treatment began, for their BA became corresponded to their age or their parents saw their PAH reached expectation. Therefore,a total of 63 subjects were included,with a losing rate of 22. 2%. The subjects had different height,body mass,BA,ΔBA/ ΔCA,PAH,GⅤ at different time points(P < 0. 05). With the treatment continued,the subjects saw their height,body mass,BA and PAH increased and their ΔBA/ ΔCA and GⅤ decreased(P < 0. 05). In month 6 during treatment, the secondary sexual characteristics of the subjects were evidently inhibited,6 subjects stopped menstruation,and 48 subjects had their breasts receding to Tanner 2 or Tanner 1 from Tanner 3. In month 6 during treatment,the serum E2 level,FSH,LH base value and peak value of the subjects were lower than those before treatment

  15. Maturidade óssea: estimação por simplificações do método de Eklof e Ringertz Bone maturity: estimation by means of Eklof and Ringertz method simplifications

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    Celso Olivete Júnior

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Apresentar um processo para estimação da idade óssea utilizando simplificações do método de Eklof e Ringertz, que operam de forma automática, proporcionando laudos que auxiliam o diagnóstico médico. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foram utilizadas imagens carpais de crianças e adolescentes na faixa etária de 6 a 16 anos para a estimação da idade óssea, baseando-se nas simplificações ER5 e ER3 - análise de 5 e 3 centros de ossificação, respectivamente. A automatização dos métodos simplificados explora procedimentos específicos para o processamento de imagens radiográficas da mão. RESULTADOS: Os resultados alcançaram elevada concordância com a média dos laudos médicos obtidos com os três métodos clássicos (Greulich e Pyle, Tanner e Whitehouse, Eklof e Ringertz. A análise de concordância das simplificações propostas foi realizada utilizando-se o teste t de Student pareado com faixa de significância de 5%, e na maioria dos casos não ocorreram diferenças estatisticamente significantes (p OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed at presenting a process for estimating bone age by means of automatic simplifications of the Eklof & Ringertz method to provide reports as an aid to clinical diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Carpal images from children and teenagers in the age range between 6 and 16 years were utilized for estimating their bone age based on simplifications ER5 and ER3, analyzing respectively 5 and 3 ossification centers. The automation of simplified methods utilizes specific procedures for processing radiographic images of the hand. RESULTS: The authors observed a high agreement with the average of medical reports based on the three classical methods (Greulich & Pyle, Tanner & Whitehouse, Eklof & Ringertz. The analysis of agreement with the proposed simplifications was performed with the paired Student's t-test considering a significance level of 5% and, in most of cases, statistically significant

  16. Prevalência de anemia e níveis séricos de hemoglobina em adolescentes segundo estágio de maturidade sexual Prevalence of anemia and hemoglobin serum levels in adolescents according to sexual maturation stage

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    Aline Brandão Mariath

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Durante a adolescência o crescimento acelerado promove um aumento nas necessidades nutricionais, inclusive de ferro, tornando os adolescentes um grupo de risco nutricional. O presente estudo objetivou avaliar a prevalência de anemia e os níveis séricos de hemoglobina de acordo com o estágio de maturidade sexual em uma amostra representativa composta por 272 adolescentes matriculados em escolas da rede municipal de ensino de Balneário Camboriú-SC. A auto-avaliação da maturidade sexual foi realizada segundo os critérios de Tanner (1962. Os níveis sangüíneos de hemoglobina foram medidos através do sistema HemoCue® e o diagnóstico de deficiência de ferro foi baseado no critério proposto pela Organização Mundial de Saúde (2001. Foram consideradas significativas as diferenças ao nível de pAccelerated growth spurt during adolescence leads to increased nutritional requirements, including iron, therefore posing a nutritional risk to adolescents. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of anemia and hemoglobin serum levels according to the sexual maturation stage in a representative sample comprised of 272 adolescents enrolled in public schools in Balneário Camboriú, SC. Self-assessment of sexual maturation was carried out according to criteria defined by Tanner (1962. Hemoglobin serum levels were measured through the HemoCue® system and the diagnosis of iron deficiency was based on the cut off points proposed by the World Health Organization (2001. Differences were considered significant at the level of p<0.05. We found a prevalence of 31.2% of anemia without significant differences between genders. Hemoglobin serum levels were significantly higher in boys (p=0.044 than in girls. We did not find significant differences between mean hemoglobin levels of girls who had reached menarche and the ones who had not. There was no statistical association between the presence of anemia and sexual maturation stages of adolescents

  17. Primary Gonadal Insufficiency in Male and Female Childhood Cancer Survivors in a Long-Term Follow-Up Clinic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunn, Harriet M; Rinne, Ida; Emilsson, Hanna; Gabriel, Melissa; Maguire, Ann M; Steinbeck, Katharine S

    2016-12-01

    Childhood cancer survivors (CCS) are at increased risk of primary gonadal insufficiency (PGI). This study evaluated the prevalence and clinical characteristics of PGI in CCS. In this single-center, retrospective, observational, longitudinal study, we characterized CCS with PGI attending the oncology Long-Term Follow-Up (LTFU) Clinic at an Australian university hospital (January 2012-August 2014). From a cohort of 276 CCS, 54 (32 males) met criteria for PGI: elevated gonadotropins plus low estradiol/amenorrhoea (females) or low testosterone/small testicles for age (males). Median age at primary diagnosis was 4.8 years (inter-quartile range [IQR] 3.0-9.7 years) and at LTFU, it was 22.3 years (IQR 18.2-25.7 years). Fifty-three participants (98.1%) were treated with known highly gonadotoxic therapies: alkylating chemotherapy (96.3%), radiotherapy (70.3%), total body irradiation (29.6%), bone marrow transplantation (51.9%), or multimodal protocols (68.5%). At primary diagnosis, 86.7% participants were Tanner stage I and at LTFU, 89.1% participants were Tanner stage V. More females (95.5%; n = 21) than males (40.6%; n = 13) were treated with hormone development therapy (HDT) (p < 0.01). Of these, more than half (n = 18; 7 males) required pubertal induction. There was no significant difference in serum luteinizing hormone/follicle stimulating hormone (LH/FSH), testosterone/estradiol between those untreated and those treated with HDT. Among those on HDT, 60.7% had persistently elevated FSH±LH and 33.3% had low testosterone or estradiol. Six males had semen analysis (five azoospermic, one oligospermic). Psychological assessment was documented in 61.1% of participants, and two-thirds reported fertility concerns. PGI is an evolving phenotype that is common in CCS. Suboptimal treatment and non-adherence occur frequently. Ongoing assessment is essential to ensure prompt diagnosis, adequate intervention and to promote HDT adherence.

  18. Lipodystrophy among HIV-infected children and adolescents on highly active antiretroviral therapy in Uganda: a cross sectional study

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    Moses R Kamya

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: With widespread use of antiretroviral therapy (ART and prolonged survival of HIV-infected children, toxicities like lipodystrophy are becoming more evident. Little is known about lipodystrophy in children in Uganda yet there is increased use of ART. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with fat redistribution and metabolic abnormalities among HIV-infected children on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART in Uganda. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 364 HIV positive children aged between 2 and 18 years on ART were enrolled after consent and assent as appropriate. Sociodemographic, clinical and immunological data were collected and recorded in a questionnaire. Fat redistribution was assessed clinically for physical findings of lipohypertrophy and lipoatrophy. A fasting blood sample was taken for lipid profile and blood glucose analysis. Lipodystrophy was defined as presence of abnormal fat redistribution or metabolic abnormalities or both. The proportion of children with fat redistribution and metabolic abnormalities was calculated. We conducted multivariate analysis for factors associated with lipodystrophy among children with lipodystrophic features and those without. Results: The median age of the participants was eight years (range 2 to 18, with 43% of these aged ≥10 years and a male to female ratio of 1.1:1. Majority (65% had advanced HIV (WHO Stage III/IV at ART initiation with a mean duration on ART of 3.8 years (±1.2. The prevalence of fat redistribution and hyperlipidemia was 27.0% and 34.0%, respectively. None of the children had hyperglycaemia. Among the children with hyperlipidemia, 16.8% exhibited hypercholesterolemia and 83% had hypertriglyceridemia. Only 29% of children with fat redistribution had hyperlipidemia. We found significant association between fat redistribution and Tanner stages 2 to 5 OR=2.3 (95%CI 1.3 to 3.8, age≥5 years OR=3.9 (95%CI 1.5 to 9.9 and d4T

  19. 47,Xxx in an adolescent with premature ovarian failure and autoimmune disease

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    Holland

    2000-05-01

    Background: Premature ovarian failure (POF) is often associated with autoimmune disorders. The 47,XXX karyotype has also been associated with POF and other genitourinary abnormalities. Following is a case of a 17 year old with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), POF, 47, XXX and a positive antinuclear antibody (ANA).Case Report: A 17 year old Caucasian female was referred to the Adolescent Health Clinic for evaluation of oligomenorrhea with secondary amenorrhea. Thelarche occurred at 12 years, and menarche at 13 years of age. Since then she had a total of five menstrual periods, spaced 1-15 months apart and lasting 3-5 days. Her last menstrual period was six months prior to presentation. Past medical history was significant for chronic ITP diagnosed seven months prior to presentation, when she developed easy bruising. She was treated with IV gamma globulin and had a moderate response, but relapsed several weeks later. She was started on oral prednisone and had a good response, but continued to relapse whenever steroids were tapered. She was therefore maintained on prednisone 10 mg QOD. There was no family history of irregular menses or autoimmune disease. Physical exam revealed a well-appearing, slightly Cushingoid 17 year old. Physical and cognitive development were age-appropriate. There were no stigmata of Turner Syndrome. The thyroid was normal. Breasts were Tanner 5; public hair was Tanner 3. The external genitalia were normal and appeared well-estrogenized. The remainder of the exam was unremarkable. Pelvic ultrasound demonstrated a normal uterus and ovaries. Laboratory evaluation was significant for elevated gonadotropins and nondetectable estradiol. ANA was positive at 1:320 with a speckled pattern. Blood counts, serologies, complement levels, and coagulation studies were otherwise normal. Cytogenetic studies revealed a 47,XXX karyotype. The patient was placed on an estrogen/norethindrone hormone replacement patch for premature ovarian failure. To date

  20. Transscrotal Near Infrared Spectroscopy as a Diagnostic Test for Testis Torsion in Pediatric Acute Scrotum: A Prospective Comparison to Gold Standard Diagnostic Test Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlomer, Bruce J; Keays, Melise A; Grimsby, Gwen M; Granberg, Candace F; DaJusta, Daniel G; Menon, Vani S; Ostrov, Lauren; Sheth, Kunj R; Hill, Martinez; Sanchez, Emma J; Harrison, Clanton B; Jacobs, Micah A; Huang, Rong; Burgu, Berk; Hennes, Halim; Baker, Linda A

    2017-09-01

    A rapid test for testicular torsion in children may obviate the delay for testicular ultrasound. In this study we assessed testicular tissue percent oxygen saturation (%StO2) measured by transscrotal near infrared spectroscopy as a diagnostic test for pediatric testicular torsion. This was a prospective comparison to a gold standard diagnostic test study that evaluated near infrared spectroscopy %StO2 readings to diagnose testicular torsion. The gold standard for torsion diagnosis was standard clinical care. From 2013 to 2015 males with acute scrotum for more than 1 month and who were less than 18 years old were recruited. Near infrared spectroscopy %StO2 readings were obtained for affected and unaffected testes. Near infrared spectroscopy Δ%StO2 was calculated as unaffected minus affected reading. The utility of near infrared spectroscopy Δ%StO2 to diagnose testis torsion was described with ROC curves. Of 154 eligible patients 121 had near infrared spectroscopy readings. Median near infrared spectroscopy Δ%StO2 in the 36 patients with torsion was 2.0 (IQR -4.2 to 9.8) vs -1.7 (IQR -8.7 to 2.0) in the 85 without torsion (p=0.004). AUC for near infrared spectroscopy as a diagnostic test was 0.66 (95% CI 0.55-0.78). Near infrared spectroscopy Δ%StO2 of 20 or greater had a positive predictive value of 100% and a sensitivity of 22.2%. Tanner stage 3-5 cases without scrotal edema or with pain for 12 hours or less had an AUC of 0.91 (95% CI 0.86-1.0) and 0.80 (95% CI 0.62-0.99), respectively. In all children near infrared spectroscopy readings had limited utility in diagnosing torsion. However, in Tanner 3-5 cases without scrotal edema or with pain 12 hours or less, near infrared spectroscopy discriminated well between torsion and nontorsion. Copyright © 2017 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.