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Sample records for artery disease outcomes

  1. Long-term outcomes of internal carotid artery disease treated using radial artery graft

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Complex internal carotid artery disease presents a surgical challenge because limitations and difficulty are encountered with either clipping or endovascular treatment. Our review of previous reports suggests that no current vascular assessment can accurately predict occurrence of ischemic complications after internal carotid artery ligation. The present study concerns long-term clinical outcome of radial artery grafting followed by parent artery trapping or proximal occlusion for management of these difficult lesions. Between September 1997 and October 2007, we performed radial artery grafting followed immediately by parent artery occlusion in 20 sides of 19 patients with complex internal carotid arteries disease with follow-up for more than 36 months (5 men, 14 women; mean follow-up duration, 62 months). All patients underwent postoperative MRI and MR angiography (MRA) every year to assess graft patency, ischemic complications, and de novo aneurysm. Another 20 carotid aneurysms with visual disturbance were assessed concerning outcome. Among 13 patients with cranial nerve (III and VI) disturbances, all dysfunctions were improved in cases treated within 8 months of onset to operation. On the other hand, patients with second cranial nerve disturbances were not improved in cases treated after 4 months of onset. No long-term complications were discovered with MRI and MRA. With appropriate attention to surgical technique, radial artery grafting followed by acute parent artery occlusion is a safe treatment for complex internal carotid artery aneurysms. Long-term safety is satisfactory, with no delayed complications such as graft stenosis, ischemic complications or de novo aneurysm formations in follow-up periods of more than 3 years. Good clinical outcome of cranial nerve palsy was achieved in patients treated within 8 months of onset for cranial nerve (CN) III and VI, and 4 of CN II palsy. (author)

  2. Anemia and Outcome in Outpatients With Peripheral Artery Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, Paulina; Esteban, Carlos; Caballero, Pedro Enrique Jiménez; Muñoz-Torrero, Juan Francisco Sánchez; Soria, María Teresa Pascual; Aguilar, Eduardo; Rodríguez, Lorenzo Ramón Álvarez; Sahuquillo, Joan Carles; Díaz, Ana María García; Monreal, Manuel

    2016-05-01

    The influence of anemia on outcome in stable outpatients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) has not been consistently investigated. We used data from the Factores de Riesgo y ENfermedad Arterial (FRENA) Registry to compare ischemic events and mortality rates in stable outpatients with symptomatic PAD and anemia. Of 1663 patients with PAD, 208 (12.5%) had anemia. Over 18 months, patients with anemia had a higher rate of myocardial infarction (MI; rate ratio [RR]: 2.10; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-3.99), limb amputation (RR: 2.98; 95%CI: 1.70-5.05), and higher mortality (RR: 3.58; 95%CI: 2.39-5.28) than those without anemia. The rates of ischemic stroke (RR: 0.75; 95%CI: 0.23-1.93) and major bleeding (RR: 0.93; 95%CI: 0.15-3.51) were similar. On multivariable analysis, anemia was associated with an increased risk to die (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.32; 95%CI: 1.53-3.50) but not to develop MI (HR: 1.49; 95%CI: 0.73-3.05) or to have limb amputation (HR: 1.49; 95%CI: 0.86-2.59). In stable outpatients with PAD, anemia was associated with increased mortality but not with an increased rate of subsequent ischemic events or major bleeding. PMID:26271128

  3. Standardized Outcome Measurement for Patients With Coronary Artery Disease: Consensus From the International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement (ICHOM)

    OpenAIRE

    McNamara, Robert L.; Spatz, Erica S.; Kelley, Thomas A; Stowell, Caleb J; Beltrame, John; Heidenreich, Paul; Tresserras, Ricard; Jernberg, Tomas; Chua, Terrance; Morgan, Louise; Panigrahi, Bishnu; Rosas Ruiz, Alba; Rumsfeld, John S.; Sadwin, Lawrence; Schoeberl, Mark

    2015-01-01

    Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) outcomes consistently improve when they are routinely measured and provided back to physicians and hospitals. However, few centers around the world systematically track outcomes, and no global standards exist. Furthermore, patient-centered outcomes and longitudinal outcomes are under-represented in current assessments. Methods and Results: The nonprofit International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement (ICHOM) convened an international Working ...

  4. Left Main Coronary Artery Disease: Secular Trends in Patient Characteristics, Treatments, and Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Pil Hyung; Ahn, Jung-Min; Chang, Mineok; Baek, Seunghee; Yoon, Sung-Han; Kang, Soo-Jin; Lee, Seung-Whan; Kim, Young-Hak; Lee, Cheol Whan; Park, Seong-Wook; Park, Duk-Woo; Park, Seung-Jung

    2016-09-13

    Left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease is the highest-risk lesion subset of ischemic heart disease, and has traditionally been an indication for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Recent evidence suggests comparable clinical outcomes between percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and CABG for LMCA disease, with similar rates of mortality and serious composite outcomes, a higher rate of stroke with CABG, and a higher rate of repeat revascularization with PCI. These results have been translated to the current guideline recommendation that PCI is a reasonable alternative to CABG in patients with low to intermediate anatomic complexity. However, how the characteristics, treatment, and clinical outcomes of patients with unprotected LMCA disease have evolved over time has not yet been fully evaluated. We therefore described secular trends in the characteristics and long-term outcomes of unprotected LMCA disease using "real-world" clinical experience from the IRIS-MAIN (Interventional Research Incorporation Society-Left MAIN Revascularization) registry together with a broad review of this topic. PMID:27609687

  5. Femoral artery pressure measurement to predict the outcome of arterial surgery in patients with multilevel disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faris, I; Tønnesen, K H; Agerskov, K;

    1982-01-01

    would persist. Measurement of the femoral artery pressure allows prediction of the toe and ankle pressure response to surgery to be made with sufficient accuracy to permit a preoperative decision to be made between the need for a single-level or a two-level arterial reconstruction: no patients who had...

  6. Peripheral artery disease in patients with diabetes:Epidemiology, mechanisms, and outcomes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is the atherosclerosisof lower extremity arteries and is also associated withatherothrombosis of other vascular beds, includingthe cardiovascular and cerebrovascular systems. Thepresence of diabetes mellitus greatly increases therisk of PAD, as well as accelerates its course, makingthese patients more susceptible to ischemic eventsand impaired functional status compared to patientswithout diabetes. To minimize these cardiovascularrisks it is critical to understand the pathophysiology ofatherosclerosis in diabetic patients. This, in turn, canoffer insights into the therapeutic avenues available forthese patients. This article provides an overview of theepidemiology of PAD in diabetic patients, followed by ananalysis of the mechanisms by which altered metabolismin diabetes promotes atherosclerosis and plaqueinstability. Outcomes of PAD in diabetic patients are alsodiscussed, with a focus on diabetic ulcers and criticallimb ischemia.

  7. [Coronary artery disease in women: True specificities to know in order to improve management and outcome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madika, Anne-Laure; Mounier-Vehier, Claire

    2016-06-01

    Coronary artery disease is the leading death for women in Europe and developed countries. It kills seven times more than breast cancer. The number of deaths from coronary artery disease increase and affects also younger women (vision of coronary artery disease as myocardial ischemia due to obstruction of major coronary arteries do not represent all the aspects of ischemic disease in women. Myocardial ischemia without obstruction of major coronary arteries, described as microvascular dysfunction is often unknown and ignored. It is yet a situation at high cardiovascular risk. Presentation and symptoms of coronary artery disease are misleading in women. Coronary artery disease in women remains under-diagnosed and under-treated. It is necessary to improve management of women at cardiovascular risk, whose inequalities contribute to the excess of female mortality from coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease in women needs new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. It must take into account specific risk stratification, evaluation of particular chest pain and reduced performance of non-invasive testing. PMID:27199207

  8. Clinical Outcomes After Drug-Eluting Stents Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery in High Surgical Risk Patients With Left Main or Three-Vessel Coronary Artery Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Tonga Nfor; Kambiz Shetabi; Wael Hassan; Quinta Nfor; Jayant Khitha; Anjan Gupta; Tanvir Bajwa; Suhail Allaqaband

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: Previous studies comparing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) in patients with unprotected left main or three-vessel coronary artery disease (LM-3VD) have excluded patients at high surgical risk. We compared clinical outcomes after PCI with drug-eluting stents to CABG in high surgical risk patients with LM-3VD. Methods: Patients with symptomatic LM-3VD who had Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS)-predicted operative mortality >...

  9. Comparison of models for predicting outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease focusing on microsimulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoud Amiri

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Physicians have difficulty to subjectively estimate the cardiovascular risk of their patients. Using an estimate of global cardiovascular risk could be more relevant to guide decisions than using binary representation (presence or absence of risk factors data. The main aim of the paper is to compare different models of predicting the progress of a coronary artery diseases (CAD to help the decision making of physician. Methods: There are different standard models for predicting risk factors such as models based on logistic regression model, Cox regression model, dynamic logistic regression model, and simulation models such as Markov model and microsimulation model. Each model has its own application which can or cannot use by physicians to make a decision on treatment of each patient. Results: There are five main common models for predicting of outcomes, including models based on logistic regression model (for short-term outcomes, Cox regression model (for intermediate-term outcomes, dynamic logistic regression model, and simulation models such as Markov and microsimulation models (for long-term outcomes. The advantages and disadvantages of these models have been discussed and summarized. Conclusion: Given the complex medical decisions that physicians face in everyday practice, the multiple interrelated factors that play a role in choosing the optimal treatment, and the continuously accumulating new evidence on determinants of outcome and treatment options for CAD, physicians may potentially benefit from a clinical decision support system that accounts for all these considerations. The microsimulation model could provide cardiologists, researchers, and medical students a user-friendly software, which can be used as an intelligent interventional simulator.

  10. Outcome of Acute Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease: A Matched Case–control Study

    OpenAIRE

    Kessarin Thanapirom; Wiriyaporn Ridtitid; Rungsun Rerknimitr; Rattikorn Thungsuk; Phadet Noophun; Chatchawan Wongjitrat; Somchai Luangjaru; Padet Vedkijkul; Comson Lertkupinit; Swangphong Poonsab; Thawee Ratanachu-ek; Piyathida Hansomburana; Bubpha Pornthisarn; Thirada Thongbai; Varocha Mahachai

    2016-01-01

    Background/Aim: The risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) increases in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) due to the frequent use of antiplatelets. There is some data reporting on treatment outcomes in CAD patients presenting with UGIB. We aim to determine the clinical characteristics and outcomes of UGIB in patients with CAD, compared with non-CAD patients. Patients and Methods: We conducted a prospective multi-center cohort study (THAI UGIB-2010) that enrolled 981 consecut...

  11. The impact of coronary artery disease on early outcome of aortic valve replacement in elderly patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Yaser Hariri

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: The operative risk of aortic valve replacement (AVR depends on several factors such as underlying coronary artery disease (CAD. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine postoperative complications and early outcome for elderly patients with CAD undergoing isolated aortic valve replacement and compare them with patients without CAD. Methods: Preoperative characteristics, postoperative in-hospital complications, 30-day mortality rate, and length of stay in hospital (LOS in 79 patients at least 65 years old that underwent isolated AVR (53 patients with CAD and 25 patients without CAD were studied and compared. Results: All studied in-hospital complications were similar between the two groups. No signi cant di erence in 30-day mortality rate between the two groups was found (CAD group 8.1%, non CAD group 10.0%, P=0.781, whereas the mean of ICU stay in patients with CAD was higher than other patients (75.9 versus 47.6 hours, P=0.006. Female gender, obesity, hypertension, prolonged ventilation, and postoperative heart block in patients with CAD and only obesity in other group were signi cant predictors of 30-day mortality. Conclusion: Early outcome of patients with and without CAD undergoing aortic valve replacement was similar.

  12. Carotid Artery Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... brain with blood. If you have carotid artery disease, the arteries become narrow, usually because of atherosclerosis. ... one of the causes of stroke. Carotid artery disease often does not cause symptoms, but there are ...

  13. Coronary artery disease and symptomatic severe aortic valve stenosis: clinical outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer eMancio

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: The impact of coronary artery disease (CAD on outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI has not been clarified. Furthermore, less is known about the indication and strategy of revascularization in these high risk patients. Aims: This study sought to determine the prevalence and prognostic impact of CAD in patients undergoing TAVI, and to assess the safety and feasibility of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI before TAVI.Methods: Patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS undergoing TAVI were included into a prospective single centre registry from 2007 to 2012. Clinical outcomes were compared between patients with and without CAD. In some patients with CAD it was decided to perform elective PCI before TAVI after decision by the Heart Team. The primary endpoints were 30-day and 2-year all-cause mortality.Results: A total of 91 consecutive patients with mean age of 79±9 years (52% men underwent TAVI with a median follow-up duration of 16 months (interquartile range of 27.6 months. CAD was present on 46 patients (51%. At 30-day, the incidences of death were similar between CAD and non-CAD patients (9% and 5%, p=0.44, but at 2 years were 50% in CAD patients and 24% in non-CAD patients (crude hazard ratio with CAD, 2.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1 to 4.6; p=0.04. Adjusting for age, gender, left ventricular ejection fraction and glomerular filtration rate the hazard of death was 2.6-fold higher in patients with CAD (95% CI, 1.1 to 6.0; p=0.03. Elective PCI before TAVI was performed in 13 patients (28% of CAD patients. There were no more adverse events in patients who underwent TAVI+PCI when compared with those who underwent isolated TAVI. Conclusions: In severe symptomatic AS who underwent TAVI, CAD is frequent and adversely impacts long-term outcomes, but not procedure outcomes. In selected patients, PCI before TAVI appears to be feasible and safe.

  14. Peripheral artery disease - legs

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... if they have a history of: Abnormal cholesterol Diabetes Heart disease (coronary artery disease) High blood pressure ( hypertension ) Kidney disease involving hemodialysis Smoking Stroke ( cerebrovascular disease )

  15. Clinical outcome of patients with familial hypercholesterolemia and coronary artery disease undergoing partial ileal bypass surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaqueline Scholz Issa

    2000-07-01

    Full Text Available Familial hypercholesterolemia is characterized by high serum levels of total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol. It may be homozygous or heterozygous. In homozygous patients, LDL-cholesterol levels range from 500 to 1000mg/dL and coronary artery disease is precocious, usually manifesting itself between the 2nd and 3rd decades of life. The diagnosis is often made by the presence of xanthoma tuberosum and tendinous xanthomas that appear between the 1st and 2nd decades of life. The use of high doses of statins or even unusual procedures (apheresis, partial ileal bypass surgery, liver transplantation, gene therapy, or both, is necessary for increasing survival and improving quality of life, because a reduction in cholesterol levels is essential for stabilizing the coronary artery disease and reducing xanthomas. We report our experience with 3 patients with xanthomatous familial hypercholesterolemia and coronary artery disease, who underwent partial ileal bypass surgery. Their follow-up over the years (approximately 8 years showed a mean 30% reduction in total cholesterol, with a significant reduction in the xanthomas and stabilization of the coronary artery disease.

  16. Gender differences in the management and outcome of patients with acute coronary artery disease

    OpenAIRE

    Raine, R; Black, N; Bowker, T; Wood, D.

    2002-01-01

    Study objectives: To compare the clinical management and health outcomes of men and women after admission with acute coronary syndromes, after adjusting for disease severity, sociodemographic, and cardiac risk factors.

  17. Early Invasive Strategy in Unstable Coronary Artery Disease : Outcome in Relation to Risk Stratification

    OpenAIRE

    Diderholm, Erik

    2002-01-01

    In unstable coronary artery disease (CAD) it still is a matter of debate which patients should undergo early revascularisation. In the FRISC II study (n=2457) an early invasive strategy was, compared to a primarily non-invasive strategy, associated with reduced mortality and myocardial infarction (MI) rates. However, in this heterogeneous group of patients, tools for an appropriate selection to revascularisation are needed. From the FRISC II study we evaluated the prognosis, the angiographic ...

  18. Short, Intermediate and long term outcomes of CABG vs. PCI with DES in Patients With Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease. Meta-Analysis of Six Randomized Controlled Trials.

    OpenAIRE

    Zaher Fanari; Weiss, Sandra A; Wei Zhang; Sonnad, Seema S.; Weintraub, William S.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Comparing outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug eluting stent (DES) and Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) in patients with multivessel Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) using data from randomised controlled trials (RCT). Background: PCI and CABG are established strategies for coronary revascularization in the setting of ischemic heart disease. Multiple RCT have compared outcomes of the two modalities in patients with multivessel CAD. Methods: We did...

  19. Occlusive Peripheral Arterial Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and level of C-reactive protein, which is produced only when inflammation is present. ... people with occlusive peripheral arterial disease also have coronary artery disease. Amputation of a limb may be necessary if ...

  20. Peripheral Artery Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... or atherectomy may be used to help improve blood flow. What is peripheral artery disease (PAD)? How is peripheral artery disease evaluated? How ... PAD are diabetes, smoking, high cholesterol and high blood pressure. Most cases occur in ... is peripheral artery disease evaluated? Several imaging tests can be used to ...

  1. Diabetic peripheral arterial disease: lower limb angiography results and one year outcomes of interventional treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To demonstrate lower limb angiography results of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in diabetics and evaluate one-year curative effect after interventional therapy. Methods: Lower limb angiography results and the efficiency of interventional therapy for 44 limbs with PAD in 38 diabetics were retrospectively analyzed. Post-treatment clinical manifestations, signs and ankle-brachial-index (ABI) at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months were compared with those before treatment. Clinical evaluation was divided into four grades: apparent, effective, ineffective and deterioration. Efficiency = (apparent + effective) / total cases × 100%. ABI was compared using analysis of variance. Results: Lower limb angiography revealed multi-branch lesions, with multi-segmental stenoses or obstructions. Lesions involved both above- and below-the-knee arteries in 25 limbs (56.8%), only above-the-knee arteries in 3 limbs (6.8%) and only below-the-knee arteries in 16 limbs (36.4%). In the limbs only with below-the-knee arterial lesions, the involved artery branches were one in one limb (2.3%), two in six limbs (13.6%) and three in nine limbs (20.5%), respectively. The technical success rate of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) was 91.4% (53/58) for diseased below-the-knee arteries. Among the 12 cases with foot and ankle ulcers, ulcers healed within 3 months in 9 cases; however, the other three cases suffered below-the-ankle (in one case) or below-the-knee amputation (in two cases) within 6 months. Four cases with gangrene suffered below-the-knee amputation within one month after PTA. The amputation rate was 15.9% (7/44). At 1 week, 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after PTA, the effective rates were 79.6% (35/44), 83.3% (30/36), 85.7% (24/28), 85.0% (17/20) and 81.3% (13/16), respectively; ABI values were 0.86±0.10, 0.85±0.10, 0.83±0.11, 0.79±0.12 and 0.75±0.12, respectively. Compared with pie-PTA ABI value (0.53±0.20), post-PTA ABI value was significant

  2. Two-Year Clinical Outcome after Carvedilol-Loaded Stent Implantation in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Hyun Kuk; Hong, Young Joon; Jeong, Myung Ho; Kim, Weon; Kim, Sung Soo; Ko, Jum Suk; Lee, Min Goo; Sim, Doo Sun; Park, Keun Ho; Yoon, Nam Sik; Yoon, Hyun Ju; Kim, Kye Hun; Park, Hyung Wook; Kim, Ju Han; Ahn, Youngkeun

    2011-01-01

    Background/Aims Carvedilol is an antioxidant that inhibits smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration. The aim of this study was to investigate the beneficial effects of carvedilol-loaded stents on 2-year clinical outcomes after stent implantation in patients with coronary artery disease. Methods We performed a prospective trial with male subjects to compare the safety and effects of carvedilol-loaded BiodivYsio® stents implanted into 20 patients with those of bare-metal BiodivYsio® stent...

  3. Pleural subxyphoid drain confers better pulmonary function and clinical outcomes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting: a randomized controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Solange Guizilini; Marcela Viceconte; Esperança, Gabriel Tavares da M.; Douglas W. Bolzan; Milena Vidotto; Rita Simone L Moreira; Andréia Azevedo Câncio; Gomes, Walter J.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the lung function and clinical outcome in severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting with left internal thoracic artery graft, comparing the pleural drain insertion in the intercostal versus subxyphoid region. Methods: A randomized controlled trial. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients were randomized into two groups according pleural drain site: II group (n=27) - pleural drain in intercostal sp...

  4. Comparison of Treatment Outcomes in Off-pump Coronary Artery Bypass Graft and Medical Therapy in Patients with Triple-vessel Coronary Artery Disease and Severe Ventricular Dysfunction

    OpenAIRE

    Feridoun Sabzi; Hossein Karim; Shahrokh Chaghazardi; Atefeh Asadmobini

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Heart failure is a major hazard for public health. Despite recent advance in medical therapy, there is not enough information on the outcome of off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) and medical therapy on the patients with severe ventricular dysfunction and triple-vessel (CAD). This study aimed to compare treatment outcomes and mortality rate in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery and medical therapy who presented with severe ventricular dysfunc...

  5. Immediate results and long-term cardiovascular outcomes of endovascular therapy in octogenarians and nonoctogenarians with peripheral arterial diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huang HL

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Hsuan-Li Huang,1 Jyh-Ming Jimmy Juang,2 Hsin-Hua Chou,1,3 Chien-An Hsieh,1 Shih-Jung Jang,1 Shih-Tsung Cheng,1,3 Yu-Lin Ko1,3 1Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, New Taipei City, 2Cardiovascular Center and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, 3School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan Purpose: To investigate the clinical outcomes of endovascular therapy (EVT in octogenarians and nonoctogenarians with peripheral arterial disease. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 511 patients (654 affected legs who underwent EVT between July 2005 and December 2013 was conducted in a prospectively maintained database. Immediate results and long-term vascular outcomes were analyzed and compared between octogenarians and nonoctogenarians. Results: Octogenarians were more likely to be female and have atrial fibrillation (AF, whereas nonoctogenarians had higher rates of obesity, claudication, and medical comorbidities. There were no differences in the rates of EVT success, 30-day major adverse vascular events, and 6-month functional improvement between groups. Over the 10-year follow-up period, the rates of 3-year limb salvage, sustained clinical success, freedom from major cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events, and composite vascular events were similar between groups, but the survival rate was better in nonoctogenarians than in octogenarians (73% vs 63%, respectively, P=0.004. In Cox regression analysis, dependence on dialysis and AF were significant predictors of death (odds ratio [OR] 4.44 in dialyzed and 2.83 in AF patients, major cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events (OR 3.49 and 2.45, and composite vascular events (OR 3.14 and 2.25. Conclusion: EVT in octogenarians was feasible, without an increased risk of periprocedural complications. The

  6. Peripheral Arterial Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) happens when there is a narrowing of the blood vessels outside of your heart. The cause of ... smoking. Other risk factors include older age and diseases like diabetes, high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, ...

  7. Coronary Artery Calcium, Carotid Artery Wall Thickness and Cardiovascular Disease Outcomes in Adults 70 to 99 Years Old

    OpenAIRE

    Newman, Anne B; Naydeck, Barbara L.; Ives, Diane G.; Boudreau, Robert M.; Sutton-Tyrrell, Kim; O Leary, Daniel H.; Kuller, Lewis H.

    2008-01-01

    Few population studies have evaluated the associations of both coronary artery calcium (CAC) and carotid ultrasound with cardiovascular events, especially in adults > 70 years of age. At the Pittsburgh Field Center of the Cardiovascular Health Study, 559 men and women, mean age 80.2 (SD 4.1) years had CAC score assessed by electron beam computerized tomography scan and common and internal carotid intimal-medial wall thickness (CCA-IMT and ICA-IMT) by carotid ultrasound between 1998−2000 and w...

  8. Immediate results and long-term cardiovascular outcomes of endovascular therapy in octogenarians and nonoctogenarians with peripheral arterial diseases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Hsuan-Li; Jimmy Juang, Jyh-Ming; Chou, Hsin-Hua; Hsieh, Chien-An; Jang, Shih-Jung; Cheng, Shih-Tsung; Ko, Yu-Lin

    2016-01-01

    Purpose To investigate the clinical outcomes of endovascular therapy (EVT) in octogenarians and nonoctogenarians with peripheral arterial disease. Methods A retrospective analysis of 511 patients (654 affected legs) who underwent EVT between July 2005 and December 2013 was conducted in a prospectively maintained database. Immediate results and long-term vascular outcomes were analyzed and compared between octogenarians and nonoctogenarians. Results Octogenarians were more likely to be female and have atrial fibrillation (AF), whereas nonoctogenarians had higher rates of obesity, claudication, and medical comorbidities. There were no differences in the rates of EVT success, 30-day major adverse vascular events, and 6-month functional improvement between groups. Over the 10-year follow-up period, the rates of 3-year limb salvage, sustained clinical success, freedom from major cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events, and composite vascular events were similar between groups, but the survival rate was better in nonoctogenarians than in octogenarians (73% vs 63%, respectively, P=0.004). In Cox regression analysis, dependence on dialysis and AF were significant predictors of death (odds ratio [OR] 4.44 in dialyzed and 2.83 in AF patients), major cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events (OR 3.49 and 2.45), and composite vascular events (OR 3.14 and 2.25). Conclusion EVT in octogenarians was feasible, without an increased risk of periprocedural complications. The rates of limb salvage, sustained clinical success, and long-term vascular events were comparable between groups. Dialysis dependence and AF are independent predictors for poor prognosis in patients with peripheral arterial disease. However, these observations require further confirmation in larger scale studies.

  9. Diagnosis and outcome of cervical artery dissection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Divjak Ivana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Spontaneous dissection of the cervical artery is a rare non-atherosclerotic vascular disease of unknown aetiology and unclear pathogenesis that may be a cause of ischemic stroke in young adults. Diagnosis. Precise diagnosis of dissection of the cervical artery - carotid or vertebral - is possible with cervical axial magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance angiography. Treatment. The recommended treatment in the acute phase of cervical artery dissection is anticoagulant or antithrombotic therapy, aimed at preventing a primary or recurrent ischemic event. There have been as yet no results of randomized controlled studies comparing efficacy of both treatments. An ongoing randomized multicentre study is expected to provide answers about the effects of these treatments in cervical artery dissection. Outcome. Complete resolution of arterial abnormalities is achieved in around 46% of stenoses, 33% of occlusions, and 12% of dissecting aneurysms. Recurrent events. Recurrence of cerebral ischemia and cervical artery dissection seems to be rare, although some data suggest that early ischemic and late cervical artery dissection recurrences could be underestimated. Mortality and functional outcome. In comparison with other causes of stroke in young adults, the functional outcome of cervical artery dissection is good in contrast to its socio-professional effects, which may be unsatisfactory. The mortality rate of cervical artery dissection is low, although it may be underestimated since some patients with malignant infarction die before the diagnosis is established. Conclusion. Further research is warranted to improve our understanding of the underlying pathophysiology, to assess the long-term outcome, and ultimately to provide treatment and prevention strategies.

  10. Comparison of Long-Term Outcome After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Patients With Unprotected Left Main Coronary Artery Disease (from the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG Registry Cohort-2).

    OpenAIRE

    Shiomi, Hiroki; MORIMOTO, TAKESHI; Hayano, Mamoru; Furukawa, Yutaka; Nakagawa, Yoshihisa; Tazaki, Junichi; Imai, Masao; Yamaji, Kyohei; Tada, Tomohisa; Natsuaki, Masahiro; Saijo, Sayaka; Funakoshi, Shunsuke; Nagao, Kazuya; Hanazawa, Koji; Ehara, Natsuhiko

    2012-01-01

    The long-term outcome of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) compared to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for unprotected left main coronary artery disease (ULMCAD) remains to be investigated. We identified 1,005 patients with ULMCAD of 15,939 patients with first coronary revascularization enrolled in the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG Registry Cohort-2. Cumulative 3-year incidence of a composite of death/myocardial infarction (MI)/stroke was significantly higher in the PCI group than in the...

  11. Effects of Metformin Versus Glipizide on Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Coronary Artery Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Jie; Zhang, Yifei; Lai, Shenghan; Lv, Ankang; Su, Qing; Dong, Yan; Zhou, Zhiguang; Tang, Weili; Zhao, Jiajun; Cui, Lianqun; Zou, Dajin; Wang, Dawang; Li, Hong; Liu, Chao; Wu, Guoting; Shen, Jie; Zhu, Dalong; Wang, Weiqing; Shen, Weifeng; Ning, Guang

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE The two major classes of antidiabetic drugs, sulfonylureas and metformin, may differentially affect macrovascular complications and mortality in diabetic patients. We compared the long-term effects of glipizide and metformin on the major cardiovascular events in type 2 diabetic patients who had a history of coronary artery disease (CAD). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This study is a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. A total of 304 type 2 diabetic patients with CAD, mean age = 63.3 years (range, 36–80 years), were enrolled. Participants were randomly assigned to receive either glipizide (30 mg daily) or metformin (1.5 g daily) for 3 years. The primary end points were times to the composite of recurrent cardiovascular events, including death from a cardiovascular cause, death from any cause, nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, or arterial revascularization. RESULTS At the end of study drug administration, both groups achieved a significant decrease in the level of glycated hemoglobin (7.1% in the glipizide group and 7.0% in the metformin group). At a median follow-up of 5.0 years, 91 participants had developed 103 primary end points. Intention-to-treat analysis showed an adjusted hazard ratio (HR) of 0.54 (95% CI 0.30–0.90; P = 0.026) for the composites of cardiovascular events among the patients that received metformin, compared with glipizide. The secondary end points and adverse events were not significantly different between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS Treatment with metformin for 3 years substantially reduced major cardiovascular events in a median follow-up of 5.0 years compared with glipizide. Our results indicated a potential benefit of metformin therapy on cardiovascular outcomes in high-risk patients. PMID:23230096

  12. Arteriovenous revascularization for lower limb salvage in unreconstructible arterial occlusive disease (long-term outcome).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lengua, F; Cohen, R; L'Huillier, B; Buffet, J M

    1995-01-01

    Between February 1983 and June 1994 we attempted surgically to salvage twenty-six legs in twenty-five patients with insufficient distal run-off and severely ischemic feet; all of them had resting pain, and 23 had tissue necrosis. A saphenous venous graft was interposed between an artery of the lower extremity (femoral or popliteal) and the veins of the foot with obligatory end-to-side distal anastomosis. The patency of the venous circulation of the ischemic foot was ascertained by retrograde phlebography. Patients were followed from 3 months to 11 years (an average of 3 years and 5 months). In 19 legs (73%), surgery succeeded in preventing extensive gangrene of the foot, and allowed postponing or avoiding major amputation. The purpose of this paper is to analyze this experience, and stimulate further interest and study of the reversed microcirculation in critical ischemia. PMID:7676737

  13. Major risk-stratification models fail to predict outcomes in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease undergoing simultaneous hybrid procedure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hao-ran; ZHENG Zhe; XIONG Hui; XU Bo; LI Li-huan; GAO Run-lin; HU Sheng-shou

    2013-01-01

    Background The hybrid procedure for coronary heart disease combines minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and is an alternative to revascularization treatment.We sought to assess the predictive value of four risk-stratification models for risk assessment of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in patients with multivessel disease undergoing hybrid coronary revascularization.Methods The data of 120 patients were retrospectively collected and the SYNTAX score,EuroSCORE,SinoSCORE and the Global Risk Classification (GRC) calculated for each patient.The outcomes of interest were 2.7-year incidences of MACCE,including death,myocardial infarction,stroke,and any-vessel revascularization.Results During a mean of 2.7-year follow-up,actuarial survival was 99.17%,and no myocardial infarctions occurred.The discriminatory power (area under curve (AUC)) of the SYNTAX score,EuroSCORE,SinoSCORE and GRC for 2.7-year MACCE was 0.60 (95% confidence interval 0.42-0.77),0.65 (0.47-0.82),0.57 (0.39-0.75) and 0.65 (0.46-0.83),respectively.The calibration characteristics of the SYNTAX score,EuroSCORE,SinoSCORE and GRC were 3.92 (P=0.86),5.39 (P=0.37),13.81 (P=0.32) and 0.02 (P=0.89),respectively.Conclusions In patients with multivessel disease undergoing a hybrid procedure,the SYNTAX score,EuroSCORE,SinoSCORE and GRC were inaccurate in predicting MACCE.Modifying risk-stratification models to improve the predictive value for a hybrid procedure is needed.

  14. About Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Tools & Resources Stroke More About Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) Updated:Mar 23,2016 Peripheral artery disease (PAD) ... critical regions of the body. Quick Facts about PAD View an illustration of PAD The most common ...

  15. Effects of Metformin Versus Glipizide on Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Coronary Artery Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Hong, Jie; Zhang, Yifei; Lai, Shenghan; Lv, Ankang; Su, Qing; Dong, Yan; Zhou, Zhiguang; Tang, Weili; Zhao, Jiajun; CUI, LIANQUN; Zou, Dajin; Wang, Dawang; Li, Hong; Liu, Chao; Wu, Guoting

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE The two major classes of antidiabetic drugs, sulfonylureas and metformin, may differentially affect macrovascular complications and mortality in diabetic patients. We compared the long-term effects of glipizide and metformin on the major cardiovascular events in type 2 diabetic patients who had a history of coronary artery disease (CAD). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This study is a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. A total of 304 type 2 diabeti...

  16. Pleural subxyphoid drain confers better pulmonary function and clinical outcomes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting: a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solange Guizilini

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the lung function and clinical outcome in severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting with left internal thoracic artery graft, comparing the pleural drain insertion in the intercostal versus subxyphoid region. Methods: A randomized controlled trial. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients were randomized into two groups according pleural drain site: II group (n=27 - pleural drain in intercostal space; SI group (n=29 - pleural drain in the subxyphoid region. Spirometry values (Forced Vital Capacity - and Forced expiratory volume in 1 second were obtained on preoperative and 1, 3 and 5 postoperative days. Chest x-ray from preoperative until postoperative day 5 (POD5 was performed for monitoring respiratory events, such as atelectasis and pleural effusion. Pulmonary shunt fraction and pain score was evaluate preoperatively and on postoperative day 1. Results: In both groups there was a significant decrease of the spirometry values (Forced Vital Capacity and Forced expiratory volume in 1 second until POD5 (P<0.05. However, when compared, SI group presented less decrease in these parameters (P<0.05. Pulmonary shunt fraction was significantly lower in SI group (P<0.05. Respiratory events, pain score, orotracheal intubation time and postoperative length of hospital stay were lower in the SI group (P<0.05. Conclusion: Subxyphoid pleural drainage in severe Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients determined better preservation and recovery of pulmonary capacity and volumes with lower pulmonary shunt fraction and better clinical outcomes on early postoperative off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting.

  17. Coronary Artery Disease - Coronary Heart Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Tools & Resources Stroke More Coronary Artery Disease - Coronary Heart Disease Updated:May 20,2016 View an animation of ... call 9-1-1. Risk Factors and Coronary Heart Disease Major risk factors that can't be changed ...

  18. Coronary artery disease (CAD)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The detection of myocardial ischemia is the most relevant indication of myocardial perfusion scintigraphy. P. Marie exposes the sensibility and specificity of the method, based on an analysis of literature. Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy gives prognostical informations: among them, should be highlighted the excellent prognosis of a normal perfusion scintigraphy even in patients with significant coronary stenosis and the poor prognosis of extensive perfusion defects at stress. P. Rigo details echocardiographic techniques and nuclear medicine techniques to assess patients with coronary artery disease. He analyses the pathophysiological principles and clinical indications of these techniques. Then, he exposes a quantification analysis software based on bull'eyes representation. M. Slama points out the complementarity of coronary angiography and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy. (authors)

  19. Depression Treatment in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease: A Systematic Review

    OpenAIRE

    Ramamurthy, Gita; Trejo, Edgardo; Faraone, Stephen V.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Depression has been linked to adverse coronary artery disease outcomes. Whether depression treatment improves or worsens coronary artery disease prognosis is unclear. This 25-year systematic review examines medical outcomes, and, secondarily, mood outcomes of depression treatment among patients with coronary artery disease.

  20. Peripheral artery disease in patients with coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atmer, B; Jogestrand, T; Laska, J; Lund, F

    1995-03-01

    The prevalence of peripheral vascular disease in patients with coronary artery disease has been investigated in many different ways and depends on the diagnostic methods and the definition of the atherosclerotic manifestations in the different vascular beds. In this study we used the non-invasive methods digital volume pulse plethysmography and ankle and toe blood pressure measurements to identify arterial abnormalities in the lower limbs in 58 patients (49 males and 9 females; age 37-72 years) examined with coronary angiography. The prevalence of peripheral artery disease was 22%, in agreement with the results of most previous investigations. There was a tendency towards increasing prevalence of peripheral artery disease with more advanced coronary artery disease: 14% of the patients with no or minimal coronary atheromotous lesions, 18% of the patients with moderate coronary atheromotous lesions and 32% of the patients with marked coronary atheromotous disease. For this reason a non-invasive investigation of the peripheral arterial circulation should be included early in the clinical consideration of patients with chest pain or similar symptoms suggesting coronary heart disease. Toe pressure measurement appears to be the most appropriate technique being rather simple in management and also in evaluation of results. PMID:7658111

  1. Biomarkers of Peripheral Arterial Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Cooke, John P.; Wilson, Andrew M.

    2010-01-01

    Atherosclerotic arterial occlusive disease affecting the lower extremities is also known as peripheral arterial disease (PAD). This disorder affects 8 to 12 million individuals in the United States, and is also increasingly prevalent in Europe and Asia (1–4). Unfortunately, most patients are not diagnosed and are not optimally treated. A blood test for PAD, if sufficiently sensitive and specific, would be expected to improve recognition and treatment of these individuals. Even a biomarker pan...

  2. Carotid artery disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... you have had a stroke or TIA, a nervous system (neurological) exam will show other problems. You may also have the following tests: Blood cholesterol and triglycerides test Blood sugar (glucose) test Ultrasound of the carotid arteries ( carotid ...

  3. Arterial Stiffening and Clinical Outcomes in Dialysis Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, Akihiko

    2015-09-01

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in dialysis patients. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is more efficient to handily assess arteriosclerosis than aortic PWV. The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is also a novel blood pressure-independent arterial stiffness parameter. In dialysis patients, both baPWV and CAVI are increased compared to general subjects. Several studies have demonstrated that increased baPWV is associated with carotid atherosclerosis and diastolic left ventricular dysfunction in hemodialysis (HD) patients. In addition, higher baPWV is related to all-cause and cardiovascular (CV) mortality. CAVI is similarly associated with CVD. However, baPWV is superior to CAVI as a predictor of CV outcomes in HD patients. Besides these outcomes, a close relationship exists between sarcopenia, abdominal visceral obesity and arterial stiffening. Reduction of thigh muscle mass is inversely correlated with baPWV and CAVI in males. Abdominal fatness is also associated with increased arterial stiffness in females. These observations provide further evidence of higher risk of CV events in HD patients with sarcopenic obesity. In addition, arterial stiffness is associated with cerebral small vessel disease and decreased cognitive function in the elderly. However, it is unknown whether arterial stiffness may be useful as an early indicator of cognitive decline in dialysis patients. Because dialysis patients are at risk of developing dementia, more studies are needed to elucidate the causal link between arterial stiffness and cognitive impairment. PMID:26587457

  4. Evaluation of Asymptomatic Peripheral Arterial Disease by Ankle-brachial Index in Patients with Concomitant Coronary Arterial Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hosein Vakili

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Peripheral arterial disease is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes. As such, it is found that screening for peripheral arterial disease (PAD improves risk assessment. Thus, intensive risk factor modification and medical treatment in these patients are necessary. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease in patients with concomitant coronary arterial disease. Methods: Asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease was investigated in 400 patients (60% males, 40% females, aged 59.7± 11.3 with a documented coronary arterial disease. Results: Among patients with documented CAD, 12% had asymptomatic PAD with the ABI ratio of less than 0.9. Conclusions: It is advisable to screen for PAD not only as a disease but also as a risk assessment method for atherosclerosis.

  5. Prognostic value of cardiovascular MR imaging biomarkers on outcome in peripheral arterial disease: a 6-year follow-up pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Bosch, Harrie; Westenberg, Jos; Setz-Pels, Wikke; Kersten, Erik; Tielbeek, Alexander; Duijm, Lucien; Post, Johannes; Teijink, Joep; de Roos, Albert

    2016-08-01

    The objective of this pilot study was to explore the prognostic value of outcome of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (MR) imaging biomarkers in patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in comparison with traditional risk factors. Forty-two consecutive patients (mean age 64 ± 11 years, 22 men) referred for contrast-enhanced MR angiography (CE-MRA) were included. At baseline a comprehensive cardiovascular MRI examination was performed: CE-MRA of the infra-renal aorta and run-off vessels, carotid vessel wall imaging, cardiac cine imaging and aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) assessment. Patients were categorized for outcome at 72 ± 5 months follow-up. One patient was lost to follow-up. Over 6 years, six patients had died (mortality rate 14.6 %), six patients (14.6 %) had experienced a cardiac event and three patients (7.3 %) a cerebral event. The mean MRA stenosis class (i.e., average stenosis severity visually scored over 27 standardized segments) was a significant independent predictor for all-cause mortality (beta 3.0 ± standard error 1.3, p = 0.02). Descending aorta PWV, age and diabetes mellitus were interrelated with stenosis severity but none of these were significant independent predictors. For cardiac morbidity, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and mean MRA stenosis class were associated, but only LVEF was a significant independent predictor (beta -0.14 ± 0.05, p = 0.005). Diabetes mellitus was a significant independent predictor for cerebral morbidity (beta 2.8 ± 1.3, p = 0.03). Significant independent predictors for outcome in PAD are mean MRA stenosis class for all-cause mortality, LVEF for cardiac morbidity and diabetes mellitus for cerebral morbidity. PMID:27209283

  6. On Pump versus Off Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery in Patients Over Seventy Years Old with Triple Vessels Disease and Severe Left Ventricle Dysfunction: Focus on Early Clinical Outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Seyed Jalil Mirhosseini; Seyed Khalil Forouzannia; Sadegh Ali-Hassan-Sayegh; Mehdi Hadad-Zadeh; Mohammad Hassan Abdollahi; Hossein Moshtaghiom; Habiballah Hosseini

    2013-01-01

    Cardiovascular disease is the leading reason of morbidity in older people. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is the most common type of operations in world. This study was designed to characterize comparison of early clinical outcome following on pump vs. off pump in patients over 70 years old with triple vessels disease and severe left ventricle dysfunction. 80 patients were divided into two groups: In group A (n=40) on pump CABG was performed with hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypas...

  7. Characteristics, treatment and outcome of patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes and multivessel coronary artery disease: observations from PURSUIT (Platelet Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa in unstable angina: receptor suppression using integreling therapy)

    OpenAIRE

    Breeman, Arno; Mercado, Nestor; Lenzen, Mattie; Harrington, Robert Alex; Califf, Robert; Topol, Eric; Simoons, Maarten; Brand, Marcel, van den; Boersma, Eric

    2002-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: The 6-month clinical outcome of patients with multivessel disease enrolled in PURSUIT (Platelet Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa in Unstable Angina: Receptor Suppression Using Integrilin Therapy) is described. Patients with complete angiography data were included; multivessel disease was stratified according to the treatment strategy applied early during hospitalization, i.e. medical treatment, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (balloon), PCI (stent), or coronary artery by...

  8. Influence of insulin resistance on long-term outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease after sirolimus-eluting stent implantation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Liang-ping; L(U) An-kang; SHEN Wei-feng; LIU Hai-feng; MA Xiao-ye; FAN Xiao-ming; ZHANG Qi

    2010-01-01

    Background Insulin resistance(IR)is significantly associated with coronary artery disease and cardiovascular events in patients with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus.This study aimed to evaluate the influence of IR on long-term outcomes of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI)with sirolimus-eluting stent(SES)implantation.Methods A total of 467 consecutive patients undergoing SES-based PCI were divided into lR group(n=104)and non-IR group(n=363).The patients were followed up for one year.The rate of major adverse cardiac events(MACEs) including death, non-fatal myocardial infarction and recurrent angina pectoris was compared by the log-rank test,and the independent risk factors were identified by the Cox regression analysis.Results MACEs occurred more frequently,and cumulative survival rate was lower in the IR group than in the non-IR group during the follow-up (all P<0.05).IR was an independent risk factor for the occurrence of cardiac death and non-fatal myocardial infarction(OR=2176,95% CI=1.35-5.47,P=0.034).Old age,diabetes,and multi-vessel disease were determinants for recurrent angina pectoris after PCI(P<0.05).Subgroup analysis revealed that IR(OR=3.35,95% CI=1.07-13.59,P=0.013)and multi-vessel disease(OR=2.19,95%CI=1.01-5.14,P=0.044)were independent risk predictors for recurrent angina pectoris in patients with diabetes after PCI.Conclusions IR is associated with reduced MACE-free survival and remains an independent predictor for recurrent angina pectoris after PCI with SES implantation.

  9. Can cerebral blood flow measurement predict clinical outcome in the acute phase in patients with artherosclerotic occlusive carotid artery disease?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It has been thought that the clinical course of patients with acute carotid occlusive disease depends on their collateral cerebral blood flow (CBF) and duration of ischemia. However, there have been few clinical reports to prove this hypothesis. Therefore, we performed CBF study in patients with artherosclerotic carotid occlusive disease in the very acute phase, and precisely assessed the prognosis of those patients under intensive medical therapy. This prospective study included a total of 44 patients (72±13 years) who were admitted to our hospital between April, 2007 and December, 2008. To evaluate their initial CBF, single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) studies were performed within 6 hours after the onset. All patients included in this study were medically treated and were periodically followed up by neurological and radiological examination. Moreover, in patients with reduced CBF (ipsilateral CBF/contralateral CBF x 100: %CBF <80%), dobutamine-induce hyperdynamic therapy was performed. Multivariate analysis was performed to detect significant predictors for the occurrence of further cerebral infarction. Multivariate analysis showed that the occurrence of further infarction was associated with older age and smaller %CBF. Of 44 patients, 21 experienced further cerebral infarction within 10 days after onset. Fourteen out of 15 patients with %CBF <60% developed cerebral infarction. This study showed that the prognosis of the patients with artherosclerotic carotid occlusive disease in the acute phase is associated with their initial residual CBFs. It may be difficult to stop the developed cerebral infarction in those patients with %CBF <60% despite intensive medical therapy. (author)

  10. Coronary Artery Disease in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Clinical Update

    OpenAIRE

    Cai, Qiangjun; Mukku, Venkata K.; Ahmad, Masood

    2013-01-01

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with CKD. The outcomes of CAD are poorer in patients with CKD. In addition to traditional risk factors, several uremia-related risk factors such as inflammation, oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, coronary artery calcification, hyperhomocysteinemia, and immunosuppressants have been associated with accelerated ...

  11. PF-4var/CXCL4L1 predicts outcome in stable coronary artery disease patients with preserved left ventricular function.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan De Sutter

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Platelet-derived chemokines are implicated in several aspects of vascular biology. However, for the chemokine platelet factor 4 variant (PF-4var/CXCL4L1, released by platelets during thrombosis and with different properties as compared to PF-4/CXCL4, its role in heart disease is not yet studied. We evaluated the determinants and prognostic value of the platelet-derived chemokines PF-4var, PF-4 and RANTES/CCL5 in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: From 205 consecutive patients with stable CAD and preserved left ventricular (LV function, blood samples were taken at inclusion and were analyzed for PF-4var, RANTES, platelet factor-4 and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP. Patients were followed (median follow-up 2.5 years for the combined endpoint of cardiac death, non-fatal acute myocardial infarction, stroke or hospitalization for heart failure. Independent determinants of PF-4var levels (median 10 ng/ml; interquartile range 8-16 ng/ml were age, gender and circulating platelet number. Patients who experienced cardiac events (n = 20 during follow-up showed lower levels of PF-4var (8.5 [5.3-10] ng/ml versus 12 [8-16] ng/ml, p = 0.033. ROC analysis for events showed an area under the curve (AUC of 0.82 (95% CI 0.73-0.90, p<0.001 for higher NT-proBNP levels and an AUC of 0.32 (95% CI 0.19-0.45, p = 0.009 for lower PF-4var levels. Cox proportional hazard analysis showed that PF-4var has an independent prognostic value on top of NT-proBNP. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that low PF-4var/CXCL4L1 levels are associated with a poor outcome in patients with stable CAD and preserved LV function. This prognostic value is independent of NT-proBNP levels, suggesting that both neurohormonal and platelet-related factors determine outcome in these patients.

  12. Infectious and coronary artery disease

    OpenAIRE

    Rezaee-Zavareh, Mohammad Saeid; Tohidi, Mohammad; Amin SABOURI; Ramezani-Binabaj, Mahdi; Sadeghi-Ghahrodi, Mohsen; Einollahi, Behzad

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND Atherosclerotic event is one of the most causes of death in the world. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one manifestation of atherosclerosis. It is well-known that several risk factors, such as diabetes mellitus (DM), smoking, hypertension (HTN), have effects on it. It is proposed that infection can lead to atherosclerosis or even make its process faster. Here, we discuss about the effect of some of infectious agents on the atherosclerosis and CAD. METHODS In this study, first we d...

  13. Collagen turnover in arterial disease

    OpenAIRE

    Sluijter, J.P.G.

    2004-01-01

    Increased atherosclerotic plaque formation can lead to lumen reduction and finally to lumen obstruction. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) or balloon angioplasty (dilation) are approaches generally used to treat coronary, but also peripheral atherosclerotic disease. Their goal is to restore the blood supply. The repair process or restructuring of the artery after balloon angioplasty comprises two major features, neointimal formation and geometrical remodeling, and results in a decre...

  14. Cardiovascular risk factor control and outcomes in peripheral artery disease patients in the Reduction of Atherothrombosis for Continued Health (REACH) Registry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cacoub, Patrice P; Abola, Maria Teresa B; Baumgartner, Iris; Bhatt, Deepak L; Creager, Mark A; Liau, Chiau-Suong; Goto, Shinya; Röther, Joachim; Steg, P Gabriel; Hirsch, Alan T; Iversen, Helle Klingenberg

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To examine differences in risk factor (RF) management between peripheral artery disease (PAD) and coronary artery (CAD) or cerebrovascular disease (CVD), as well as the impact of RF control on major 1-year cardiovascular (CV) event rates. METHODS: The REACH Registry recruited >68000...... outpatients aged >or=45 years with established atherothrombotic disease or >or=3 RFs for atherothrombosis. The predictors of RF control that were evaluated included: (1) patient demographics, (2) mode of PAD diagnosis, and (3) concomitant CAD and/or CVD. RESULTS: RF control was less frequent in patients with...... PAD (n=8322), compared with those with CAD or CVD (but no PAD, n=47492) [blood pressure; glycemia; total cholesterol; smoking cessation (each P...

  15. Peripheral Arterial Disease (P.A.D.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... turn Javascript on. Peripheral Artery Disease (P.A.D.) What is P.A.D.? Arteries Clogged With Plaque Peripheral arterial disease (P. ... button on your keyboard.) Why Is P.A.D. Dangerous? Click for more information Blocked blood flow ...

  16. Impact of biodegradable versus durable polymer drug-eluting stents on clinical outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease: a meta-analysis of 15 randomized trials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Yaojun; Tian Nailiang; Dong Shengjie; Ye Fei; Li Minghui; Christos V.Bourantas; Javaid Iqbal

    2014-01-01

    Background Drug eluting stents (DESs) made with biodegradable polymer have been developed in an attempt to improve clinical outcomes.However,the impact of biodegradable polymers on clinical events and stent thrombosis (ST) remains controversial.Methods We searched Medline,the Cochrane Library and other internet sources,without language or date restrictions for articles comparing clinical outcomes between biodegradable polymer DES and durable polymer DES.Safety endpoints were ST (definite,definite/probable),mortality,and myocardial infarction (MI).Efficacy endpoints were major adverse cardiac event (MACE) and target lesion revascularization (TLR).Results We identified 15 randomized controlled trials (n=17 068) with a weighted mean follow-up of 20.6 months.There was no statistical difference in the incidence of definite/probable ST between durable polymer-and biodegradable polymerDES; relative risk (RR) 0.83; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.62-1.11; P=0.22.Biodegradable polymer DES had similar rates of definite ST (RR 0.94,95% CI 0.66-1.33,P=0.72),mortality (RR 0.94,95% C/0.82-1.09,P=0.43),MI (RR 1.08,95% CI 0.92-1.26.P=0.35),MACE (RR 0.99,95% CI 0.91-1.09,P=0.85),and TLR (RR,0.94,95% CI 0.83-1.06,P=0.30) compared with durable polymer DES.Based on the stratified analysis of the included trials,the treatment effect on definite ST was different at different follow-up times:≤1 year favoring durable polymer DES and >1 year favoring biodegradable polymer DES.Conclusions Biodegradable polymer DES has similar safety and efficacy for treating patients with coronary artery disease compared with durable polymer DES.Further data with longer term follow-up are warranted to confirm the potential benefits of biodegradable polymer DES.

  17. C-reactive protein, renal function, and cardiovascular outcome in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease and preserved left ventricular systolic function

    OpenAIRE

    Vrsalović, Mislav; Vučur, Ksenija; Car, Boris; Krčmar, Tomislav; Vrsalović Presečki, Ana

    2015-01-01

    Aim To investigate the prognostic role of C-reactive protein (CRP) and renal function for the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Methods The occurrence of MACE, defined as composite endpoint of acute myocardial infarction, urgent coronary revascularization, stroke, and death was assessed in 319 consecutive PAD patients admitted to the University Hospital ...

  18. Intracranial Large Artery Occlusive Disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wong KS; Li H; Kay R

    2000-01-01

    @@Intracranial large artery stenosis is the most commonly found vascular lesion in stroke patient of Chinese, Hispanic and African ancestry. There .have been few studies on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, treatment and prognosis of this important disease. Recent advances in technology provide safe and reliable investigation for studying large number of patients. Transcranial Doppler is an easily accessible, cheap and reliable method to diagnose intracranial stenosis. It is suitable for screening for and monitoring the progress of intracranial stenosis. Magnetic resonance angiography and CT angiography provide the morphology of lumenal stenosis but are less accessible.

  19. Dual anterior descending coronary artery associated with coronary artery disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siqueira Luciane da L. V.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The patient is a male with risk factors for coronary artery disease, who was referred for cardiac catheterization after acute myocardial infarction in the inferior wall. The patient underwent transluminal coronary angioplasty in the right coronary artery with successful stent implantation.

  20. Peripheral arterial stenosis and coronary artery disease coincidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Ghasemi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Atherosclerosis is a chronic slow-developing condition affecting medium-size and large blood vessels. It is the principal underlying pathology of coronary heart disease and stroke. In some countries, coronary artery disease (CAD is the cause of nearly half (48% of the deaths and, loss of productivity life. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD is defined as atherosclerosis in peripheral arteries instead of coronary arteries. CAD and PAD have same risk factors and underlying pathophysiological processes. Therefore, patient with CAD should be considered for PAD. Ankle brachial index (ABI, duplex sonography, and some other non-invasive techniques are recommended for PAD diagnosis in patients with the history of CAD. Pharmacotherapy, endovascular interventions, and surgical management could be chosen according to the patient’s situation. Cardiologists and general practitioners should consider PAD in a patient with CAD or DM as a strong correlated disease.      

  1. Brachytherapy in coronary artery disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song, Ho Chun [Chonnam National University Medicine School, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-04-15

    Coronary artery disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality across the world. Percutaneous coronary intervention has become the major technique of revascularization. However, restenosis remains a major limitation of this procedure. Recently the need for repeat intervention due to restenosis, the most vexing long-term failure of percutaneous coronary intervention, has been significantly reduced owing to the introduction to two major advances, intracoronary brachytherapy and the drug-eluting stents, intracoronary brachytherapy has been employed in recent years to prevent restenosis lesions with effective results, principally in in-stent restenosis. Restenosis is generally considered as an excessive form of normal wound healing divided up in processes: elastic recoil, neointimal hyperplasia, and negative vascular remodeling. Restenosis has previously been regarded as a proliferative process in which neointimal thickening, mediated by a cascade of inflammatory mediators and other factors, is the key factor. Ionizing radiation has been shown to decrease the proliferative response to injury in animal models of restenosis. Subsequently, several randomized, double-blind trials have demonstrated that intracoronary brachytherapy can reduce the rates to both angiographic restenosis and clinical event rates in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for in-stent restenosis. Some problems, such as late thrombosis and edge restenosis, have been identified as limiting factors of this technique. Brachytherapy is a promising method of preventing and treating coronary artery restenosis.

  2. Provoking ischemia with Arbutamine for the radionuclide cardiac imaging: comparison of the outcome with bicycle exercise in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the diagnosis of coronary artery disease, nuclear imaging studies with pharmacologic agents provide similar results to those achieved when bicycle exercise test is used. Besides Adenosine resp. Dipyridamole which produce primary vasodilation, and beta-agonist Dobutamine, a new synthetic catecholamine, Arbutamine, is recently available. Arbutamine is offered in a computerised delivery device, thus allowing steady control of heart rate and of myocardial oxygen demand. Our objectives were to prove the hemodynamic responses and adverse effects and to determine the diagnostic value of Arbutamine in comparison with exercise testing. In suspected coronary artery disease and main pretest likelihood of 55,6±26,3 (exercise testing) resp. 48,4±22,3 (Arbutamine), with both stress-modalities high accuracy could be achieved (sensitivity and specifity 100% both for bicycle, sensitivity 100% and specifity 80% for Arbutamine). In patients with previous angiography, for 74% (bicycle) resp. 76% of occluded vessels (Arbutamine) functional relevance could be proven. The amount of adverse effects did not exceed that of associated with other stress agents. (orig.)

  3. Preliminary Evaluation of Clinical and Angiographic Outcomes with Biodegradable Polymer Coated Sirolimus-Eluting Stent in De Novo Coronary Artery Disease: Results of the MANIPAL-FLEX Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shetty, Ranjan; Prajapati, Jayesh; Pai, Umesh; Shetty, Kiran

    2016-01-01

    Objective. The objective of the MANIPAL-FLEX study was to evaluate the feasibility, preliminary safety, and efficacy of the Supraflex sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation, in de novo coronary artery disease, using clinical and quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) follow-ups. Methods. This was a prospective, nonrandomized, multicenter, single-arm study that enrolled 189 patients with de novo coronary artery disease who were treated with the Supraflex SES. Of 189 patients enrolled, the first 61 consecutive patients who consented to a 9-month follow-up evaluation by QCA, irrespective of presence of symptoms, were to be followed up with angiography at 9 months. The primary endpoint of the study was target lesion failure (TLF), including cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization during 12-month follow-up after the index procedure. Results. The mean age of the study population was 58 ± 11 years, with 51.3% (97/189) of hypertensive patients. Total of 66 lesions, analyzed by offline QCA, showed good scaffolding of the target vessel with in-stent late lumen loss at 9 months of 0.18 ± 0.23 mm. The observed TLF at 30-day, 6-month, and 12-month follow-up were 2 (1.1%), 6 (3.2%), and 10 (5.3%), respectively. Conclusion. This study provides preliminary evidence for the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of the Supraflex sirolimus-eluting stent. PMID:27597929

  4. Radiation-induced coronary artery disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes three patients who developed myocardial infarction at an untimely age, 4 to 12 years after radiation therapy for Hodgkin's disease. These cases lend credence to the cause and effect relation of such therapy to coronary artery disease

  5. Ischemic stroke: carotid and vertebral artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vilela, P; Goulão, A

    2005-03-01

    Ischemic strokes may have distinct aetiologies, including several different intrinsic arterial pathological disorders. The diagnosis and understanding of these arterial diseases is critical for the correct management of stroke as different treatment approaches are undertaken according to the aetiology. Atherosclerosis is by far the most common arterial disease among adults, and other pathological processes include arterial dissection, small vessel disease, inflammatory and non-inflammatory vasculopathy and vasomotor disorders. In children, there are several vasculopathies responsible for vaso-occlusive disease such as sickle-cell anemia, acute regressive angiopathy and Moya-Moya disease, neurofibromatosis, dissections, vasculitis associated with intracranial and systemic infections. An overview of the major carotid and vertebral pathological diseases responsible for ischemic stroke in adults and children, highlighting the accuracy of the different imaging modalities for its diagnosis and the imaging appearance of these diseases, is given. PMID:15657789

  6. Ischemic stroke: carotid and vertebral artery disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ischemic strokes may have distinct aetiologies, including several different intrinsic arterial pathological disorders. The diagnosis and understanding of these arterial diseases is critical for the correct management of stroke as different treatment approaches are undertaken according to the aetiology. Atherosclerosis is by far the most common arterial disease among adults, and other pathological processes include arterial dissection, small vessel disease, inflammatory and non-inflammatory vasculopathy and vasomotor disorders. In children, there are several vasculopathies responsible for vaso-occlusive disease such as sickle-cell anemia, acute regressive angiopathy and Moya-Moya disease, neurofibromatosis, dissections, vasculitis associated with intracranial and systemic infections. An overview of the major carotid and vertebral pathological diseases responsible for ischemic stroke in adults and children, highlighting the accuracy of the different imaging modalities for its diagnosis and the imaging appearance of these diseases, is given. (orig.)

  7. Ischemic stroke: carotid and vertebral artery disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vilela, P.; Goulao, A. [Hospital Garcia de Orta, Servico de Neurorradiologia, Almada (Portugal)

    2005-03-01

    Ischemic strokes may have distinct aetiologies, including several different intrinsic arterial pathological disorders. The diagnosis and understanding of these arterial diseases is critical for the correct management of stroke as different treatment approaches are undertaken according to the aetiology. Atherosclerosis is by far the most common arterial disease among adults, and other pathological processes include arterial dissection, small vessel disease, inflammatory and non-inflammatory vasculopathy and vasomotor disorders. In children, there are several vasculopathies responsible for vaso-occlusive disease such as sickle-cell anemia, acute regressive angiopathy and Moya-Moya disease, neurofibromatosis, dissections, vasculitis associated with intracranial and systemic infections. An overview of the major carotid and vertebral pathological diseases responsible for ischemic stroke in adults and children, highlighting the accuracy of the different imaging modalities for its diagnosis and the imaging appearance of these diseases, is given. (orig.)

  8. Segmented Coronary Artery Aneurysms and Kawasaki Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Reza Ghaemi

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Kawasaki disease (KD is an acute vasculitis syndrome of unknown etiology. It occurs in infants and young children,affecting mainly small and medium-sized arteries, particularly the coronary arteries. Generalized microvasculitis occurs in the first 10 days, and the inflammation persists in the walls of medium and small arteries, especially the coronary arteries, and changes to coronary artery aneurysms.We report the case of a 10-month-old girl referred to our center three months after the onset of disease due to the aneurysmsof the coronary arteries. During the acute phase of her illness, she received 2 gr/kg intravenous gamma globulin; and afterher referral to us, the patient was treated by antiaggregant doses of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA (5 mg/kg and Warfarin (1 mg/daily. At three months’ follow-up, the aneurysms still persisted in the echocardiogram.

  9. Six-month clinical outcomes of Firebird 2TM sirolimus-eluting stent implantation in real-world patients with coronary artery diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GE Jun-bo; ZHANG Feng; QIAN Ju-ying; GE Lei; LIU Xue-bo; ZHOU Jun

    2011-01-01

    Background The Firebird 2TM sirolimus-eluting stent (Firebird 2 stent) is a second-generation sirolimus-eluting stent which has a cobalt-chromium alloy stent platform, a brand new bracket structure, and two layers of styrene-butylenes-styrene polymer coatings with better biocompatibility. The Firebird 2TM cObalt-Chromium alloy sirolimus-elUting Stent registry (FOCUS registry) aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the Firebird 2 stent in patients with coronary artery disease in daily practice.Methods The FOCUS registry is a prospective, non-randomized, international multi-center, single-arm clinical registry.Between March 2009 and February 2010, 5084 patients receiving at least 1 Firebird 2 stent during daily clinical practice at 83 medical centers were enrolled.Results Of the 5084 patients enrolled in the registry, 5077 and 5058 were respectively available for 30 days and 6 months follow-up. The 30-day rate of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) was 1.20%, including 13 cardiac deaths, 46 non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), and 6 target vessel revascularization (TVR). At 6 months follow-up, the rate of MACE was 1.80%. There were 32 cardiac deaths, 48 non-fatal MI, and 15 TVR. According to the Academic Research Consortium definition, definite/probable stent thrombosis (ST) occurred in 0.43% (22/5058) of patients, including 8 cases of acute ST, 11 subacute ST, and 3 late ST.Conclusion The Firebird 2 stent showed the promising efficacy and safety at 30 days and 6 months in a real-world population of patients with coronary artery diseases.

  10. Minimum training requirement in ultrasound imaging of peripheral arterial disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiberg, J P; Hansen, M A; Grønvall Rasmussen, J B;

    2008-01-01

    To demonstrate the minimum training requirement when performing ultrasound of peripheral arterial disease.......To demonstrate the minimum training requirement when performing ultrasound of peripheral arterial disease....

  11. Adventitial Cystic Disease of the Popliteal Artery

    OpenAIRE

    Kawarai, Shun-ichi; Fukasawa, Manabu; Kawahara, Yu

    2012-01-01

    We describe a patient with adventitial cystic disease of the popliteal artery with intermittent claudication involving the right calf during exercise. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) revealed a cystic lesion that encircled and compressed the popliteal artery. Resection of the cyst involving a segment of the affected popliteal artery and interposing an autologous vein graft resolved the symptoms, and the postoperative course was uneventful. The cyst was histologic...

  12. PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE IN THE LEG

    OpenAIRE

    Nair P; Justin; Vinu C

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a condition characterized by atherosclerotic occlusive disease of the lower extremities. While PAD is a major risk factor for lower-extremity amputation, it is also accompanied by a high likelihood for symptomatic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. Atherosclerosis accounts for more than 90% of cases of PAD, and uncommon vascular syndromes account for the remaining 10%. The femoral and popliteal arteries are affected in 80% to 90% of ...

  13. Arterial hypertension and chronic liver disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl; Møller, S

    2005-01-01

    This review looks at the alterations in the systemic haemodynamics of patients with chronic liver disease (cirrhosis) in relation to essential hypertension and arterial hypertension of renal origin. Characteristic findings in patients with cirrhosis are vasodilatation with low overall systemic......, calcitonin gene-related peptide, nitric oxide, and other vasodilators, and is most pronounced in the splanchnic area. This provides an effective (although relative) counterbalance to raised arterial blood pressure. Subjects with arterial hypertension (essential, secondary) may become normotensive during the...... development of chronic liver disease, and arterial hypertension is rarely manifested in patients with cirrhosis, even in those with renovascular disease and high circulating renin activity. There is much dispute as to the understanding of homoeostatic regulation in cirrhotic patients with manifest arterial...

  14. Prediction of outcome in individuals with diabetic foot ulcers: focus on the differences between individuals with and without peripheral arterial disease. The EURODIALE Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prompers, L.; Schaper, N.; Apelqvist, J.;

    2008-01-01

    such predictors differ between patients with and without PAD. Methods Analyses were conducted within the EURODIALE Study, a prospective cohort study of 1,088 diabetic foot ulcer patients across 14 centres in Europe. Multiple logistic regression modelling was used to identify independent predictors of...... outcome (i.e. non-healing of the foot ulcer). Results After 1 year of follow-up, 23% of the patients had not healed. Independent baseline predictors of non-healing in the whole study population were older age, male sex, heart failure, the inability to stand or walk without help, end-stage renal disease...

  15. Arterial and Peripheral Sympathectomy for Vasospastic Disease

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available Arterial and Peripheral Sympathectomy for Vasospastic Disease Click Here to view the BroadcastMed, Inc. Privacy Policy and Legal Notice © 2016 BroadcastMed, Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Evaluation of Peripheral Arterial Disease in Prediabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elham Faghihimani

    2014-01-01

    Conclusions: Peripheral arterial disease is common in asymptomatic diabetes and prediabetes patients. Management of hypertensive prediabetes patients and early detection of PAD in this group as well as in asymptomatic patients is important.

  17. Changing blood flow in peripheral artery disease

    OpenAIRE

    Borne, P. van den

    2014-01-01

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death globally and it is predicted this will remain to increase throughout 2030 to an estimated 23,3 million patients per year. This trend is accompanied by a steep increase in healthcare costs, making it a great health and socio-economic burden. The underlying pathology of CVD is often atherosclerosis, characterized by the development of atherosclerotic plaques in middle- and larger-sized arteries. Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a dise...

  18. Predictive and prognostic values of transient ischemic dilatation of left ventricular cavity for coronary artery disease and impact of various managements on clinical outcome using technetium-99m sestamibi gated myocardial perfusion imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Transient ischemic dilatation (TID) of left ventricular (LV) cavity during stress gated myocardial perfusion imaging (GMPI) is known as a predictor of severe coronary artery disease (CAD) and signifies worse prognosis. To assess predictive and prognostic value of TID of LV cavity using GMPI and clinical outcome in patients treated conservatively or with revascularization. 189 patients out of 2689 were recruited (M:F 127/62, mean age 56±9 years) whose same-day stress GMPI revealed TID ratio (>1.22) with no (sum stress score, SSS 2). Coronary angiography (CA) was performed within 3 months in 125/189 cases who were followed for mean period of 18±4 months for fatal or non-fatal myocardial infraction (MI). CA was positive in 121/125 patients with TID for significant CAD (left anterior descending (LAD) =11, multi vessel disease =110 patients, positive predictive value 95%) and negative for obstructive disease in 4/125 (false-positive cases). 41/121 underwent revascularization within 2 months of CA (Intervention group), and remaining 80/121 were managed conservatively (Non-Intervention group). Overall event rate was 20% (4/16%: fatal/non-fatal MIs). Kaplan-Meier survival curves revealed event-free survival in Intervention and Non-Intervention groups for fatal MI 98/96% (P=0.758), and for non-fatal MI, it was 97/58%, respectively (P=0.042). We conclude that TID is a reliable predictor of multi vessel CAD and is associated with high incidence of non-fatal MIs than fatal MIs. Revascularization (percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)/coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)) rather than medical treatment should be considered in patients with TID for better clinical outcome. (author)

  19. Early results of coronary artery bypass grafting with coronary endarterectomy for severe coronary artery disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toischer Karl

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite the existence of controversial debates on the efficiency of coronary endarterectomy (CE, it is still used as an adjunct to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG. This is particularly true in patients with endstage coronary artery disease. Given the improvements in cardiac surgery and postoperative care, as well as the rising number of elderly patient with numerous co-morbidities, re-evaluating the pros and cons of this technique is needed. Methods Patient demographic information, operative details and outcome data of 104 patients with diffuse calcified coronary artery disease were retrospectively analyzed with respect to functional capacity (NYHA, angina pectoris (CCS and mortality. Actuarial survival was reported using a Kaplan-Meyer analysis. Results Between August 2001 and March 2005, 104 patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG with adjunctive coronary endarterectomy (CE in the Department of Thoracic-, Cardiac- and Vascular Surgery, University of Goettingen. Four patients were lost during follow-up. Data were gained from 88 male and 12 female patients; mean age was 65.5 ± 9 years. A total of 396 vessels were bypassed (4 ± 0.9 vessels per patient. In 98% left internal thoracic artery (LITA was used as arterial bypass graft and a total of 114 vessels were endarterectomized. CE was performed on right coronary artery (RCA (n = 55, on left anterior descending artery (LAD (n = 52 and circumflex artery (RCX (n = 7. Ninety-five patients suffered from 3-vessel-disease, 3 from 2-vessel- and 2 from 1-vessel-disease. Closed technique was used in 18%, open technique in 79% and in 3% a combination of both. The most frequent endarterectomized localization was right coronary artery (RCA = 55%. Despite the severity of endstage atherosclerosis, hospital mortality was only 5% (n = 5. During follow-up (24.5 ± 13.4 months, which is 96% complete (4 patients were lost caused by unknown address 8 patients died (cardiac

  20. Value of scintiangiography in arterial disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arterial visualization using the gamma camera was achieved by peripheral intravenous injection of technetium pertechnetate Tc 99m 253 times in 200 patients. This technique, which successfully images the arterial tree to the level of the wrist and ankle, was validated by blind comparison of the scintiangiograms with contrast arteriograms or surgical findings or both in 93 studies. Although scintiangiography has less resolution than contrast arteriography, it provides quantitative and other important supplementary information in the diagnosis and management of patients with arterial disease. Scintiangiography has accurately diagnosed arterial occlusions (atherosclerotic, traumatic, and embolic), true and false aneurysms, and arterial stenoses. Patients sustaining trauma to the extremities may be evaluated by scintiangiography as a screening technique. Postoperatively, scintiangiography has replaced contrast arteriography for assessing patency of grafts and completeness of thromboembolectomy and for the long-term follow-up of these patients

  1. Surgical management of peripheral arterial disease. Operative methods and results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Various operative and interventional methods are available to treat patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The selection of the appropriate therapy should be made after a careful review of the patient's general condition, the morphology of the arterial occlusion, the risk of possible complications, and the likelihood of long-term success for each type of treatment. The different procedures complement one another in their technical possibilities and their risk profile The combination of surgical and interventional methods offers new therapeutic possibilities. The different surgical procedures and their long-term outcome are presented in this publication. (orig.)

  2. Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease - an Interdisciplinary Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Groechenig E

    2003-01-01

    Vascular diseases are the most common diseases and the most common causes of death in developed countries. Many medical disciplines deal with vascular diseases and there is no strict and clear concept in education and training of these physicians. In German-speaking countries "angiology" was established several years ago. The angiologist is a highly qualified physician, who, in most cases, comes from internal medicine (a minority from dermatology). Although peripheral arterial disease (PAD) i...

  3. Peripheral arterial disease in general and diabetic population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabia, K; Khoo, E M

    2007-06-01

    Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is stenosis or occlusion of peripheral arterial vessels by atherosclerotic plaque. It may present as intermittent claudication, rest pain and impotence. PAD of the lower limbs is the third most important site of atherosclerotic disease after coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular disease. Increasing age, family history, smoking, hypertension, dyslipidemia and more decisively diabetes are significant risk factors. PAD is a clinical condition that has often been neglected, underdiagnosed, undertreated and has a serious outcome. It may lead to nonhealing wounds, gangrene and amputation of the lower limbs. Hence, early identification of patients at risk of PAD and timely referral to the vascular surgeon in severe cases is crucial. PMID:18705464

  4. Short-term clinical outcomes after hybrid coronary revascularization versus off-pump coronary artery bypass for the treatment of multivessel or left main coronary artery disease: a meta-analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, Fang-Bin; Cui, Lian-Qun

    2015-01-01

    Background Hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) are both feasible, less invasive techniques for coronary revascularization. Although both techniques utilize the left internal mammary artery to left anterior descending artery graft, HCR uses drug-eluting stents instead of saphenous vein bypass. It remains unclear whether HCR is equal to, better or worse than OPCABG. Methods and results A meta-analysis was carried out using a random-effec...

  5. Depression, coronary artery disease and change of lifestyle

    OpenAIRE

    Söderman, Eva

    2001-01-01

    Depression has been identified as a risk factor for the development of coronary artery disease (CAD) and has been associated with functional impairment and disability, poor outcome of lifestyle changes, incomplete and prolonged recovery, repeated coronary events, and mortality. Thus, there is substantial evidence that depression has a negative impact on CAD. The thesis consists of two interdependent approaches. The aim of the first approach (Studies I- II) was to evaluat...

  6. Fractional flow reserve-guided PCI for stable coronary artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De Bruyne, Bernard; Fearon, William F; Pijls, Nico H J;

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that in patients with stable coronary artery disease and stenosis, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) performed on the basis of the fractional flow reserve (FFR) would be superior to medical therapy. METHODS: In 1220 patients with stable coronary artery disease, ...... the outcome. Patients without ischemia had a favorable outcome with medical therapy alone. (Funded by St. Jude Medical; FAME 2 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01132495.)....

  7. Improved Cardiovascular Disease Outcomes in Older Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forman, Daniel E; Alexander, Karen; Brindis, Ralph G; Curtis, Anne B; Maurer, Mathew; Rich, Michael W; Sperling, Laurence; Wenger, Nanette K

    2016-01-01

    Longevity is increasing and the population of older adults is growing. The biology of aging is conducive to cardiovascular disease (CVD), such that prevalence of coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease, arrhythmia and other disorders are increasing as more adults survive into old age.  Furthermore, CVD in older adults is distinctive, with management issues predictably complicated by multimorbidity, polypharmacy, frailty and other complexities of care that increase management risks (e.g., bleeding, falls, and rehospitalization) and uncertainty of outcomes.  In this review, state-of-the-art advances in heart failure, acute coronary syndromes, transcatheter aortic valve replacement, atrial fibrillation, amyloidosis, and CVD prevention are discussed.  Conceptual benefits of treatments are considered in relation to the challenges and ambiguities inherent in their application to older patients. PMID:26918183

  8. Moyamoya disease associated with an anterior inferior cerebellar artery arising from a persistent trigeminal artery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uchino, A.; Sawada, A.; Takase, Y.; Kudo, S. [Department of Radiology, Saga Medical School, 5-1-1, Nabeshima, Saga, 849-8501 (Japan); Koizumi, T. [Department of Neurosurgery, Saga Medical School, 5-1-1, Nabeshima, Saga, 849-8501 (Japan)

    2002-07-01

    The authors present a case of moyamoya disease associated with a persistent trigeminal artery from which the anterior inferior cerebellar artery arose. We reviewed previously reported cases of moyamoya disease associated with persistent carotid-basilar arterial anastomosis and investigated the embryology of this rare arterial variation. (orig.)

  9. Non-congenital heart disease associated pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivy, D D; Feinstein, J A; Humpl, T; Rosenzweig, E B

    2009-12-01

    Recognition of causes of pulmonary hypertension other than congenital heart disease is increasing in children. Diagnosis and treatment of any underlying cause of pulmonary hypertension is crucial for optimal management of pulmonary hypertension. This article discusses the available knowledge regarding several disorders associated with pulmonary hypertension in children: idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH), pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis, pulmonary veno-occlusive disease, hemoglobinopathies, hepatopulmonary syndrome, portopulmonary hypertension and HIV. Three classes of drugs have been extensively studied for the treatment of IPAH in adults: prostanoids (epoprostenol, treprostinil, iloprost, beraprost), endothelin receptor antagonists (bosentan, sitaxsentan, ambrisentan), and phosphodiesterase inhibitors (Sildenafil, tadalafil). These medications have been used in treatment of children with pulmonary arterial hypertension, although randomized clinical trial data is lacking. As pulmonary vasodilator therapy in certain diseases may be associated with adverse outcomes, further study of these medications is needed before widespread use is encouraged. PMID:21852894

  10. Comparison of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting with Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Unprotected Left Main Coronary Artery Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Kawecki, Damian; Morawiec, Beata; Fudal, Marcin; Milejski, Wojciech; Jacheć, Wojciech; Nowalany-Kozielska, Ewa

    2011-01-01

    Purpose Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the optimal treatment option for left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD). However, LMCAD remains a constant topic of discussion between cardiac surgeons and interventional cardiologists. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of LMCAD treatments by comparing the mid-term outcomes of CABG and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using bare metal stents or drug-eluting stents (DESs). Materials and Methods The study population was...

  11. Periferna arterijska bolezen: Peripheral arterial disease:

    OpenAIRE

    Adamič, Petra; Gasparini, Mladen

    2011-01-01

    The incidence of peripheral arterial disease is increasing due to the aging ofthe population. In the asymptomatic stage, atherosclerotic plaques are present but not clinically evident. However, their growth could narrow the vessel and become manifested as intermittent claudication. Further worsening of ischemia could lead to trophic changes of the skin and adnexa, ulceration and even gangrene. Therefore, early detection and prevention of disease progression is very important. This paper focus...

  12. Radiation-induced carotid artery disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nine patients with atherosclerotic carotid artery disease associated with neck radiation were compared to 40 control patients. The data suggest that significant differences in age, incidence of coronary and peripheral vascular disease, elevated lipids and serum cholesterol, and the angiographic incidence of disseminated atherosclerosis justify the description of radiation-induced carotid disease as a clinical entity. Elevated serum cholesterol and hyperlipidemia may contribute to the development of radiation-induced vascular disease. Successful surgical reconstruction does not appear to be influenced by the prior radiotherapy, although periarterial fibrosis and increased difficulty in separating the plaques from the vascular media was encountered

  13. PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE IN THE LEG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nair P

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD is a condition characterized by atherosclerotic occlusive disease of the lower extremities. While PAD is a major risk factor for lower-extremity amputation, it is also accompanied by a high likelihood for symptomatic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. Atherosclerosis accounts for more than 90% of cases of PAD, and uncommon vascular syndromes account for the remaining 10%. The femoral and popliteal arteries are affected in 80% to 90% of symptomatic PAD patients, the tibial and peroneal arteries in 40% to 50%, and the aortoiliac arteries in 30%.Although 65–75% of patients with PAD are asymptomatic, the classic presenting symptom is usually described as muscle cramps, fatigue or pain in the lower legs induced by exercise and rapidly relieved by rest; often the symptom location indicates the level of arterial involvement. RISK FACTORS: Diabetes and smoking are the strongest risk factors for PAD. Other well-known risk factors are advanced age, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. DIAGNOSIS: PAD can be easily and accurately diagnosed by calculating the ankle-brachial index (ABI.The ABI is defined as the ratio of the systolic blood pressure in the ankle divided by the systolic blood pressure at the arm. The tools required to perform the ABI measurement include a hand-held 5–10 MHz Doppler probe and a blood pressure cuff. MANAGEMENT: Most patients' symptoms improve with optimal medical treatment and invasive intervention is often not required. Smoking cessation and exercise are considered the two most important treatments for PAD. CONCLUSION: Symptomatic PAD often impairs a patient's quality of life and untreated disease can lead to limb loss. Aggressive management of atherosclerotic risk factors, a structured exercise program, use of antiplatelet agents and when indicated percutaneous or surgical revascularizations are the keys for successful management.

  14. [Noninvasive diagnostic of coronary artery disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuber, Michel; Zellweger, Michael; Bremerich, Jens; Auf der Mauer, Christoph; Buser, Peter T

    2009-04-01

    Noninvasive imaging of coronary artery disease has extensively evolved during the last decade. Today, at least four imaging techniques with excellent image quality such as echocardiography, myocardial perfusion scintigraphy and PET, cardiac magnetic resonance and cardiac CT are widely available in order to estimate the risk for future ischemic events, to corroborate the suspected diagnosis of coronary artery disease, to demonstrate the extent and localisation of myocardial ischemia, to diagnose myocardial infarction and measure it's size, to identify the myocardium at risk during acute ischemia, to differentiate between viable and nonviable myocardium and thereby provide the basis for indications of revascularisations, to follow revascularized patients over long time, to assess the risk for sudden cardiac death and the development of heart failure after myocardial infarction and to depict atheromatosis and atherosclerosis of the coronary artery tree. Echocardiography is the most widely used imaging method in cardiology. It provides excellent information on morphology and function of nearly all cardiac structures. Stress echocardiography has been proven to be a reliable tool for the demonstration of myocardial ischemia and for the acquisition of prognostic data. Newer ultrasound techniques may further improve investigator dependence and thereby reproducibility. The completeness of echocardiography will always depend on acoustic windows, which are given in a specific patient. Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy provides the largest database especially on prognosis in coronary artery disease. It has been the for the depictions of ischemic and infarcted myocardium. Radiation exposure will always be an issue. Newer hybrid techniques combining nuclear methods with cardiac CT may add arguments, which will be needed for clinical decision-making. Cardiac magnetic resonance has evolved as an important tool in the diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases. It is investigator

  15. Long-term outcome in patients treated with sirolimus-eluting stents in complex coronary artery lesions: 3-year results of the SCANDSTENT (Stenting Coronary Arteries in Non-Stress/Benestent Disease) trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kelbaek, H.; Klovgaard, L.; Helqvist, S.;

    2008-01-01

    benefit was observed up to 3 years after implantation of SES in patients with complex coronary artery lesions. The rate of late adverse events was similar in the 2 groups, and stent thromboses occurred rarely after 1 year. (Sirolimus Eluting Stents in Complex Coronary Lesions [SCANDSTENT]; NCT00151658...

  16. Percutaneous coronary intervention versus coronary-artery bypass grafting for severe coronary artery disease

    OpenAIRE

    Serruys, Patrick; Morice, Marie-Claude; Kappetein, Arie Pieter; Colombo, Antonio; Holmes, David; Mack, Michael; Stahle, E.; Feldman, Ted; Brand, Marcel, van den; Bass, Eric; Dyck, Nic; Leadly, Katrin; Dawkins, Keith; Mohr, Friedrich

    2009-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) involving drug-eluting stents is increasingly used to treat complex coronary artery disease, although coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been the treatment of choice historically. Our trial compared PCI and CABG for treating patients with previously untreated three-vessel or left main coronary artery disease (or both). METHODS We randomly assigned 1800 patients with three-vessel or left main coronary artery disease to und...

  17. Visceral artery aneurysms: Incidence, management, and outcome analysis in a tertiary care center over one decade

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the incidence, management, and outcome of visceral artery aneurysms (VAA) over one decade. 233 patients with 253 VAA were analyzed according to location, diameter, aneurysm type, aetiology, rupture, management, and outcome. VAA were localized at the splenic artery, coeliac trunk, renal artery, hepatic artery, superior mesenteric artery, and other locations. The aetiology was degenerative, iatrogenic after medical procedures, connective tissue disease, and others. The rate of rupture was much higher in pseudoaneurysms than true aneurysms (76.3 % vs.3.1 %). Fifty-nine VAA were treated by intervention (n = 45) or surgery (n = 14). Interventions included embolization with coils or glue, covered stents, or combinations of these. Thirty-five cases with ruptured VAA were treated on an emergency basis. There was no difference in size between ruptured and non-ruptured VAA. After interventional treatment, the 30-day mortality was 6.7 % in ruptured VAA compared to no mortality in non-ruptured cases. Follow-up included CT and/or MRI after a mean period of 18.0 ± 26.8 months. The current status of the patient was obtained by a structured telephone survey. Pseudoaneurysms of visceral arteries have a high risk for rupture. Aneurysm size seems to be no reliable predictor for rupture. Interventional treatment is safe and effective for management of VAA. (orig.)

  18. Peripheral arterial endothelial dysfunction of neurodegenerative diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukui, Yusuke; Hishikawa, Nozomi; Shang, Jingwei; Sato, Kota; Nakano, Yumiko; Morihara, Ryuta; Ohta, Yasuyuki; Yamashita, Toru; Abe, Koji

    2016-07-15

    This study evaluates endothelial functions of neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Parkinson's disease (PD), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), multiple system atrophy (MSA) and spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA). The reactive hyperemia index (RHI) of peripheral arterial tonometry and serological data were compared between age- and gender-matched normal controls (n=302) and five disease groups (ALS; n=75, PD; n=180, PSP; n=30, MSA; n=35, SCA; n=53). Correlation analyses were performed in ALS with functional rating scale-revised (FRS-R), and in PD with the Hehn-Yahr scale (H-Y) and a heart to mediastinum ratio using (123)I-MIBG scintigraphy (MIBG). The RHI of ALS and PD, but not of PSP, MSA or SCA, were significantly lower than normal controls (p<0.01). ALS showed a negative correlation of RHI with serum triglycerides (TG) and immunoreactive insulin (IRI) levels, but not with disease severity (FRS-R) or rates of disease progression (∆FRS-R). On the other hand, PD showed a negative correlation of RHI with a progressive disease severity (H-Y) and a positive correlation of RHI with early/delayed MIBG scintigraphy, but not with serological data. The present study demonstrated significant declines of peripheral arterial endothelial functions in ALS and PD. The RHI of ALS was more correlated with disease duration and serum parameters while the RHI of PD was more correlated with disease severity and MIBG, suggesting different mechanisms of endothelial dysfunction. PMID:27288784

  19. Screening for Peripheral Artery Disease and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment with Ankle Brachial Index in Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Force Recommendations Screening for Peripheral Artery Disease and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment with Ankle Brachial Index in Adults The ... Recommendation | 1 Screening for Peripheral Artery Disease and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment with Ankle Brachial Index in Adults Potential ...

  20. Updates in management of coronary artery disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Dong Heon; Chae, Shung Chull [Kyungpook National University Medical School, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2005-02-15

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) has been increasing during the last decade and is the one of major causes of death. The management of patients with coronary artery disease has evolved considerably. There are two main strategies in the management of CAD, complementary, not competitive, each other; the pharmacologic therapy to prevent and treat CAD and the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to restore coronary flow. Antiplatelet drugs and cholesterol lowering drugs have central roles in pharmacotherapy. Drug eluting stent (DES) bring about revolutional changes in PCL in the management of patients with ST segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (AMI), there has been a debate on the better strategy for the restoration of coronary flow. Thrombolytic therapy is widely available and easy to administer, whereas primary PCI is less available and more complex, but more complete. Recently published evidences in the pharmacologic therapy including antiplatelet and statin, and PCI including DES and reperfusion therapy in patients with ST segment elevation AMI were reviewed.

  1. Outcome measures in inflammatory rheumatic diseases

    OpenAIRE

    Fransen, Jaap; van Riel, Piet LCM

    2009-01-01

    Inflammatory rheumatic diseases are generally multifaceted disorders and, therefore, measurement of multiple outcomes is relevant to most of these diseases. Developments in outcome measures in the rheumatic diseases are promoted by the development of successful treatments. Outcome measurement will increasingly deal with measurement of low levels of disease activity and avoidance of disease consequences. It is an advantage for patient management and knowledge transfer if the same outcomes are ...

  2. Spatiotemporal Changes Posttreatment in Peripheral Arterial Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Myers, Sara A.; Huben, Neil B.; Yentes, Jennifer M.; McCamley, John D.; Lyden, Elizabeth R.; Pipinos, Iraklis I.; Johanning, Jason M.

    2015-01-01

    Accumulating evidence suggests revascularization of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) limbs results in limited improvement in functional gait parameters, suggesting underlying locomotor system pathology. Spatial and temporal (ST) gait parameters are well studied in patients with PAD at baseline and are abnormal when compared to controls. The purpose of this study was to systematically review and critically analyze the available data on ST gait parameters before and after interventions. A full...

  3. Metals in Urine and Peripheral Arterial Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Navas-Acien, Ana; Silbergeld, Ellen K.; Sharrett, A. Richey; Calderon-Aranda, Emma; Selvin, Elizabeth; Guallar, Eliseo

    2004-01-01

    Exposure to metals may promote atherosclerosis. Blood cadmium and lead were associated with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in the 1999–2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). In the present study we evaluated the association between urinary levels of cadmium, lead, barium, cobalt, cesium, molybdenum, antimony, thallium, and tungsten with PAD in a cross-sectional analysis of 790 participants ≥40 years of age in NHANES 1999–2000. PAD was defined as a blood pressure an...

  4. Surgical outcome of severe pulmonary arterial hypertension secondary to left-to-right shunt lesions

    OpenAIRE

    Cha Gon Lee; Su In Jeong; June Huh; I-Seok Kang; Heung Jae Lee; Ji-Hyuk Yang; Tae Gook Jun

    2010-01-01

    Purpose : Despite recent advances in pulmonary hypertension management and surgery, appropriate guidelines remain to be developed for operability in congenital heart disease with pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH). Our aim was to evaluate clinical outcomes of patients with severe PAH who underwent surgical closure of left-to-right shunt lesions (LRSL) on the basis of pulmonary reactivity. Methods : We retrospectively reviewed 21 patients who underwent surgical closure of LRSL with severe PAH...

  5. Genetics and Genomics of Coronary Artery Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pjanic, Milos; Miller, Clint L; Wirka, Robert; Kim, Juyong B; DiRenzo, Daniel M; Quertermous, Thomas

    2016-10-01

    Coronary artery disease (or coronary heart disease), is the leading cause of mortality in many of the developing as well as the developed countries of the world. Cholesterol-enriched plaques in the heart's blood vessels combined with inflammation lead to the lesion expansion, narrowing of blood vessels, reduced blood flow, and may subsequently cause lesion rupture and a heart attack. Even though several environmental risk factors have been established, such as high LDL-cholesterol, diabetes, and high blood pressure, the underlying genetic composition may substantially modify the disease risk; hence, genome composition and gene-environment interactions may be critical for disease progression. Ongoing scientific efforts have seen substantial advancements related to the fields of genetics and genomics, with the major breakthroughs yet to come. As genomics is the most rapidly advancing field in the life sciences, it is important to present a comprehensive overview of current efforts. Here, we present a summary of various genetic and genomics assays and approaches applied to coronary artery disease research. PMID:27586139

  6. Outcomes of patients with spontaneous coronary artery dissection

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGrath-Cadell, Lucy; McKenzie, Pamela; Emmanuel, Sam; Muller, David W M; Graham, Robert M; Holloway, Cameron J

    2016-01-01

    Background Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an uncommon but serious condition presenting as an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or cardiac arrest. The pathophysiology and outcomes are poorly understood. We investigated the characteristics and outcomes of patients presenting with SCAD. Methods In a retrospective study of a large cohort of patients with SCAD, data were collected regarding clinical presentation, patient characteristics, vascular screening, coronary artery involvement and clinical outcomes. Results 40 patients with SCAD (95% women, mean age 45±10 years) were included. At least 1 traditional cardiovascular risk factor was present in 40% of patients. Migraine was reported in 43% of patients. Events preceding SCAD included parturition (8%), physical stress (13%), emotional stress (10%) and vasoconstrictor substance-use (8%). 65% of patients had a non-ST elevation ACS (NSTEACS) at presentation, 30% had an ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and 13% had a cardiac arrest. The left anterior descending artery was most frequently involved (68% of patients), and 13% had involvement of multiple coronary territories. Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) was identified in 7 (37%) of 19 patients screened. 68% of patients were managed medically, 30% had percutaneous coronary intervention and 5% had coronary artery bypass grafting. Over a median 16-month follow-up period, 8% of patients had at least 1 recurrent SCAD event. There were no deaths. Conclusions Patients with SCAD in this study often had multiple coronary territories involved (13%) and extracardiac vascular abnormalities, suggesting a systemic vascular process, which may explain the high incidence of migraine. All patients with SCAD should be screened for FMD and followed closely due to the possibility of recurrence.

  7. An Update on Coronary Artery Disease and Chronic Kidney Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baris Afsar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite the improvements in diagnostic tools and medical applications, cardiovascular diseases (CVD, especially coronary artery disease (CAD, remain the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD. The main factors for the heightened risk in this population, beside advanced age and a high proportion of diabetes and hypertension, are malnutrition, chronic inflammation, accelerated atherosclerosis, endothelial dysfunction, coronary artery calcification, left ventricular structural and functional abnormalities, and bone mineral disorders. Chronic kidney disease is now recognized as an independent risk factor for CAD. In community-based studies, decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR and proteinuria were both found to be independently associated with CAD. This paper will discuss classical and recent epidemiologic, pathophysiologic, and clinical aspects of CAD in CKD patients.

  8. UTERINE ARTERY DOPPLER STUDY FOR PREDICTION OF ADVERSE OUTCOME IN HIGH RISK PREGNANCY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunjan

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available AIM : To detect abnormal waveforms in uterine artery in pregnancies at risk between 20 to 24 weeks of gestation and to measure Resistance index (RI and systolic/diastolic ratio(S/D of these waveforms in study population and to study correlation of Doppler dat a with adverse pregnancy outcome. METHODS : This is a prospective study included Doppler analysis of uterine artery waveforms in 107 normotensive women with singleton pregnancy between 20 to24 weeks of period of gestation who were considered to be at increa sed risk of developing pregnancy complications. Women with Multiple gestation, with congenital anomaly of fetus, chronic hypertension, renal disease, cardiac disease, Diabetes Mellitus were excluded from the study. Bilateral uterine artery Doppler was done and Parameters studied were S/D ratio and RI in uterine artery. Early diastolic notch in uterine artery was watched for. The flow velocity waveforms considered abnormal if there was an early diastolic notch in uterine artery in either right or left uterin e artery was watched for abnormal pregnancy outcomes considered are Gestational hypertension, Pre - eclampsia IUGR, Abruptio placentae, IUD and preterm deliveries. RESULTS : minimum women were aged 21 – 25 year with minimum of 18 years and maximum of 36 years, 28% were primigravidae while 72% were multigravidae mean gestational age of which scan was done was 22 wks 1 day (20 - 24 minimum gestational age at time of delivery was 28 wks of gestation 70% women were delivered vaginally and 30% LSCS. 7% women developed Gestational Hypertension, 5% developed Preeclampsia, 8% neonates with IUGR, 3% developed Placental Abruption while 4% had IUD and 8% had Preterm deliveries. CONCLUSION : Abnormal uterine artery Doppler studies in second trimester have been associated with subsequent adverse pregnancy out comes including Preeclampsia IUGR and perinatal mortality. Doppler velocimetry is a primary tool for fetomaternal surveillance in high

  9. Uterine arterial embolization for uterine leiomyoma: efficacy and clinical outcome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the efficacy and clinical outcome of uterine arterial embolization as a new approach to the management of uterine leiomyomas. Uterine arterial embolization was performed in 21 patients aged 26-62(mean, 42) years. Twenty of these had menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea, and mass-related symptoms (low abdominal discomfort, backache, urinary frequency, etc.) and one was diagnosed incidentally. Bilateral uterine arteries were selected individually and polyvinyl alcohol and/or gelfoam was used as an embolic material. Nineteen patients were followed up after embolization. Seventeen (89.5 %)reported satisfactory improvement of symptoms and follow-up sonography three months later showed a 58.5 % reduction in mean myoma volume. In 17 patients (89.5 %), the menstrual cycle returned to normal. All patients experienced pain after the procedure and other complications were vaginal bleeding (26.3 %) and fever (23.8 %). Uterine arterial embolization represents a new approach to the management of uterine leiomyoma-related symptoms. Further investigations and long-term follow-up are, however, enquired

  10. Uterine arterial embolization for uterine leiomyoma: efficacy and clinical outcome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Jeong Seon; Lee, Do Yon; Kim, Yong Tae; Park, Ki Hyun; Park, Yong Won; Cho, Jae Sung; Kim, Myung Jun [Yonsei Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Won, Je Hwan [Ajou Univ. College of Medicine, Suwon (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Byung Chul [Ewha Womans Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-09-01

    To determine the efficacy and clinical outcome of uterine arterial embolization as a new approach to the management of uterine leiomyomas. Uterine arterial embolization was performed in 21 patients aged 26-62(mean, 42) years. Twenty of these had menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea, and mass-related symptoms (low abdominal discomfort, backache, urinary frequency, etc.) and one was diagnosed incidentally. Bilateral uterine arteries were selected individually and polyvinyl alcohol and/or gelfoam was used as an embolic material. Nineteen patients were followed up after embolization. Seventeen (89.5 %)reported satisfactory improvement of symptoms and follow-up sonography three months later showed a 58.5 % reduction in mean myoma volume. In 17 patients (89.5 %), the menstrual cycle returned to normal. All patients experienced pain after the procedure and other complications were vaginal bleeding (26.3 %) and fever (23.8 %). Uterine arterial embolization represents a new approach to the management of uterine leiomyoma-related symptoms. Further investigations and long-term follow-up are, however, enquired.

  11. Arterial Wall Properties and Womersley Flow in Fabry Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimitriadis Emilios

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fabry disease is an X-linked recessive lysosomal storage disease resulting in the cellular accumulation of globotriaosylceramide particularly globotriaosylceramide. The disease is characterized by a dilated vasculopathy with arterial ectasia in muscular arteries and arterioles. Previous venous plethysomographic studies suggest enhanced endothelium-dependent vasodilation in Fabry disease indicating a functional abnormality of resistance vessels. Methods We examined the mechanical properties of the radial artery in Fabry disease, a typical fibro-muscular artery. Eight control subjects and seven patients with Fabry disease had a right brachial arterial line placed allowing real time recording of intra-arterial blood pressure. Real time B-mode ultrasound recordings of the right radial artery were obtained simultaneously allowing calculation of the vessel wall internal and external diameter, the incremental Young's modulus and arterial wall thickness. By simultaneously measurement of the distal index finger-pulse oximetry the pulse wave speed was calculated. From the wave speed and the internal radial artery diameter the volume flow was calculated by Womersley analysis following truncation of the late diastolic phase. Results No significant difference was found between Fabry patients and controls for internal or external arterial diameters, the incremental Young's modulus, the arterial wall thickness, the pulse wave speed and the basal radial artery blood flow. Further, no significant difference was found for the radial artery blood flow in response to intra-arterial acetylcholine or sodium nitroprusside. Both drugs however, elevated the mean arterial flow. Conclusions The current study suggests that no structural or mechanical abnormality exists in the vessel wall of fibro-muscular arteries in Fabry disease. This may indicate that a functional abnormality downstream to the conductance vessels is the dominant feature in

  12. IGF-I and IGFBP2 in peripheral artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Urbonaviciene, Grazina; Frystyk, Jan; Urbonavicius, Sigitas;

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The search for novel risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) has provided valuable clinical data concerning underlying mechanism of disease. Increasing evidence indicates a possible involvement of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and its binding protein 2 (IGFBP......-2) in the pathogenesis of CVD disorders. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between levels of IGF-I and IGFBP-2 with all-cause and CVD mortality in a prospective study of patients with lower-extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS AND MATERIAL: Serum IGF-I and IGFBP-2...... levels were obtained in 440 patients (257 males) with symptomatic PAD. Patients were followed for a median of 6.1 (IQ 5.1-7.2) years. The relationship between times to lethal outcome and baseline serum IGF-I and IFGBP-2 levels were examined by Cox proportional hazard analysis. The role of IFGBP-2 for...

  13. PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE IN PEOPLE WITH DIABETES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pletea A

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Peripheral arterial disease (PAD is a condition characterized by atherosclerotic occlusive disease of the lower extremities. While PAD is a major risk factor for lower-extremity amputation, it is also accompanied by a high likelihood for symptomatic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. In people with diabetes, the risk of PAD is increased by age, duration of diabetes, and presence of peripheral neuropathy. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a prospective study of 196 diabetic patients admitted in Surgery Department of County Hospital Bacau, Romania between January 1999 and December 2003. All patients had diabetic foot ulcerations. For the vascular status evaluation we performed: manual pulse examination, oscilometry and Doppler arterial pressures. RESULTS: There were 125 men (64% and 71 women (36% with median age 66 years (range 33 to 87 years. From these, 54 patients (28% had type I diabetes and 142 (72% had type II. 145 patients (74% had PAD and Doppler pressure was the most accurate method for evaluation. CONCLUSIONS: Manual pulse examination and oscilometry are very simple methods, but have many false results. Through appropriate testing and determination of vascular status, treatment expectations and wound closure potential may be established and treatment prognosis and potential clearly explained to the patient. A patient that understands his or her own medical status and risks, including risks associated with morbidity and mortality, is less likely to take legal action in the face of a complication secondary to treatment.

  14. Study of Coronary Artery Disease in Single Aortic Valvular Disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张斌; 杨伟民; 占亚平

    2003-01-01

    Objectives To analyze the results of coronary angiographies (GAG) in patients with single aortic valvular heart disease; To study the relationship between aortic valve diseases and coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods 105 patients with single aortic valvular heart disease before surgery underwent angiography. The data of clinical characteristics and angiographies were analyzed. Results 51 patients had symptoms of angina pectoris among 105 patients with single aortic valvular heart disease. Seven of them were confirmed coronary artery disease by angiographies. Although the incidence of angina in aortic valve stenosis group was significantly higher than that in aortic valve regurgitation, the probability of combination of CAD in aortic valve stenosis group was similar to the later. However, the probability of combination of CAD in degenerative aortic valve group was significantly higher than the groups of rheumatic, congenitally bicuspid aortic valves, and other causes (p <0.01).Conclusions Angina pectoris is not sensitive for diagnosis of CAD in single aortic valve heart disease.The probability of combination of CAD in degenerative aortic valve disease is higher than that in aortic valve disease with other causes. Coronary angiography is strongly suggested for these patients.

  15. Coronary artery disease in patients with dementia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fowkes, Ross; Byrne, Matthew; Sinclair, Hannah; Tang, Eugene; Kunadian, Vijay

    2016-09-01

    Our population is ageing. The prevalence of dementia is increasing as the population ages. Dementia is known to share many common risk factors with coronary artery disease including age, genetics, smoking, the components of the metabolic syndrome and inflammation. Despite the growing ageing population with dementia, there is underutilization of optimal care (pharmacotherapy and interventional procedures) in this cohort. Given common risk factors and potential benefit, patients with cognitive impairment and dementia should be offered contemporary care. However, further research evaluating optimal care in this patient cohort is warranted. PMID:27159265

  16. Arterial Stiffening and Clinical Outcomes in Dialysis Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Kato, Akihiko

    2015-01-01

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in dialysis patients. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is more efficient to handily assess arteriosclerosis than aortic PWV. The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is also a novel blood pressure-independent arterial stiffness parameter. In dialysis patients, both baPWV and CAVI are increased compared to general subjects. Several studies have demonstrated that increased baPWV is associated with carotid athe...

  17. Outcomes of emergent carotid artery stenting within 6 hours of symptom onset in patients with acute ischemic stroke

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To investigate clinical outcomes following the emergent carotid artery stenting for treatment of acute ischemic stroke. Twenty-eight consecutive patients with acute stroke due to atherosclerotic steno-occlusive diseases of extracranial internal carotid artery underwent emergent carotid artery stenting. Of these, 23 patients had tandem intracranial arterial occlusions. Extracranial carotid stenting was successful in all patients. From the 13 patients who underwent intracranial recanalization procedures, successful recanalization occurred in 84.6% (11/13). 57% of patients (16/28) had a good clinical outcome (modified Rankin Scale 0-2) after 3 months. Patients with successful intracranial/extracranial recanalization had a significantly higher rate of good outcome than those without recanalization after 3 months (75% vs. 33%, p = 0.027). Patients without intracranial tandem occlusions had a more favorable clinical outcome than those with intracranial tandem occlusions (100% vs. 48%, p = 0.033). Symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage occurred in one patient (3.6%). Mortality rate was 0% (0/28) after 3 months. Emergent carotid artery stenting in setting of acute stroke was a safe and effective treatment modality. Successful recanalization (extracranial and intracranial) and absence of intracranial tandem occlusion are significantly associated with a good outcome for our cohort of patients whom undergone emergent carotid artery stenting.

  18. Predicting outcome after acute basilar artery occlusion based on admission characteristics.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Greving, J.P.; Schonewille, W.J.; Wijman, C.A.; Michel, P.; Kappelle, L.J.; Algra, A.; Leeuw, F.E. de

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To develop a simple prognostic model to predict outcome at 1 month after acute basilar artery occlusion (BAO) with readily available predictors. METHODS: The Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study (BASICS) is a prospective, observational, international registry of consecutive pati

  19. Prognostic value of changes in arterial stiffness in men with coronary artery disease

    OpenAIRE

    Iana A Orlova; Eradzh Yu Nuraliev; Yarovaya, Elena B; et al

    2010-01-01

    Iana A Orlova, Eradzh Yu Nuraliev, Elena B Yarovaya, Fail T AgeevOutpatient department, Russian Cardiology Research Center, Moscow, Russian Federation Background: Men with coronary artery disease (CAD) have been shown to have enhanced arterial stiffness. Arterial function may change over time according to treatment, but the prognostic value of these changes has not been investigated.Objectives: The aim of the present study was to assess whether an improvement in large artery rigidity in respo...

  20. Full-Sternotomy Off-Pump versus On-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Procedures: In-Hospital Outcomes and Complications during One Year in a Single Center

    OpenAIRE

    Bottio, Tomaso; Rizzoli, Giulio; Caprili, Luca; Nesseris, Georgios; Thiene, Gaetano; Gerosa, Gino

    2003-01-01

    We prospectively compared, according to their preoperative clinical profiles, the in-hospital outcomes of patients operated on consecutively (but without randomization) for isolated coronary artery disease with on-pump or off-pump techniques.

  1. Coronary artery bypass graft in a patient with Fabry's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osada, Hiroaki; Kanemitsu, Naoki; Kyogoku, Masahisa

    2016-01-01

    Fabry's disease is a lysosomal storage disease characterized by intracellular accumulation of ceramide trihexoside resulting from alpha-galactosidase A deficiency. While the heart is often involved, coronary artery disease and its management in Fabry's disease patients are extremely rare clinical entities. We report a case of a 72-year-old man with left main disease in Fabry's disease with special consideration of the arterial wall pathology. PMID:27131517

  2. Impact of diabetes mellitus on outcome of renal artery stenting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the impact of diabetes mellitus on outcome of renal artery stenting. Methods: 85 consecutive cases of renal artery stenosis received renal angioplasty were retrospectively analyzed. 25 patients with related history were selected into diabetic group (DM), and 60 patients without diabetics into control group(NDM). Pre- and post- procedure serum creatinine and blood pressure between the 2 groups were collected and analyzed. Results: The average serum creatinine pre-intervention and post-intervention were(132.24 ± 33.71) μmol/L, (126.32 ± 29.65) μmol/L for DM group, and(125.02 ± 48.13) μmol/L, (118.31 ± 39.58) μmol/L for NDM group respectively with no significant statistical difference (P > 0.05). The blood pressure was controlled satisfactorily for both groups after the procedure, with statistical significance (P<0.05), but no difference between the two groups. Conclusions: The procedure with renal artery stenting is effective to maintain renal function and control hypertension, showing equal efficiency for both DM and NDM patients. (authors)

  3. The prevalence of asymptomatic carotid artery disease in patients with peripheral vascular disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    AIM: To determine the prevalence and severity of asymptomatic carotid artery disease in patients with peripheral arterial disease using colour duplex ultrasound, and to determine any relationship to the severity of peripheral arterial disease or other associated atherosclerotic risk factors. METHOD: Two hundred patients with known peripheral arterial disease but no previous cerebrovascular history were prospectively screened for carotid artery disease, and any identified internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis graded using established duplex ultrasound criteria. A detailed medical questionnaire established the presence or absence of associated risk factors, and the severity of peripheral arterial disease was graded and correlated with these. RESULTS: A total of 50 patients (25%) were found to have an ICA stenosis of > 50%, with 27 (13.5%) of these having > 70% stenosis. Bilateral ICA stenosis (> 50%) was seen in 21 (10.5%) patients, of which 10 (5%) had bilateral stenoses of > 70%. No correlation was found between the severity of peripheral arterial disease and the presence of significant carotid artery disease, or between the latter and individual atherosclerotic risk factors. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates a relatively high prevalence of significant carotid artery disease in patients with peripheral arterial disease compared to the general population. The significance of this with respect to the future screening of defined populations for asymptomatic carotid artery disease is discussed, with reference to recent studies comparing surgical and medical management of asymptomatic carotid artery disease. Pilcher, J.M., Danaher, J., Khaw, K.-T. (2000)

  4. Low prevalence of significant carotid artery disease in Iranian patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karimi Fatemeh

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Coronary artery bypass grafting ranks as one of the most frequent operations worldwide. The presence of carotid artery stenosis may increase the stroke rate in the perioperative period. Routine preoperative noninvasive assessment of the carotid arteries are recommended in many institutions to reduce the stroke rate. Methods 271 consecutive patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting at Shaheed Madani hospital of Tabriz, Iran (age, 58.5 Y; 73.1% male underwent preoperative ultrasonography for assessment of carotid artery wall thickness. Results Plaque in right common, left common, right internal and left internal carotid arteries was detected in 4.8%, 7.4%, 43.2% and 42.1% of patients respectively. 5 patients (1.8% had significant ( Conclusion Consecutive Iranian patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass surgery show a very low prevalence of significant carotid artery disease.

  5. Evaluation of Peripheral Arterial Disease in Prediabetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faghihimani, Elham; Darakhshandeh, Ali; Feizi, Awat; Amini, Masoud

    2014-01-01

    Background: The prevalence of prediabetes in the world continues to increase. These patients have elevated the risk of atherosclerosis. The current study was designed to assess the prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and its related risk factors in prediabetes patients. Methods: This was the case-control study in which 135 adults in three groups: Diabetes, prediabetes, and normal were studied. We evaluated the prevalence of PAD through the measurement of ankle-brachial index (ABI). All the patients were interviewed about demographic and medical data, including age, sex, disease duration, body mass index, hypertension (HTN), fasting blood glucose, hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C), lipid profile, and medication use. Results: The prevalence of PAD in diabetes patients was higher than the normal group (8.5%vs. 0.0%) (P < 0.05), but the differences between prediabetes compared with diabetes and normal group were not significant. The mean level of ABI in normal, prediabetes, and diabetes group was (1.11 ± 0.11), (1.09 ± 0.12), and (1.05 ± 0.03) respectively (P < 0.1). There were marginally significant differences of ABI observed between the normal group and the diabetes group. The observed differences between groups in the ABI were significant after adjusting the effects of age and sex (P < 0.05). There was an association observed between ABI and HbA1C in diabetes patients (r = 0.249, P < 0.01) and a significant association seen between PAD and HTN in the prediabetes group (P < 0.01). Conclusions: Peripheral arterial disease is common in asymptomatic diabetes and prediabetes patients. Management of hypertensive prediabetes patients and early detection of PAD in this group as well as in asymptomatic patients is important. PMID:25317291

  6. Management of high blood pressure in peripheral arterial disease

    OpenAIRE

    Krzesinski, Jean-Marie

    2005-01-01

    Arterial hypertension (HTA) is a promoter of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in association with other atherosclerotic risk factors factors. Systolic HTA is the most frequently noted form in such disease, secondary to marked increase in large artery siffness. The existence of PAD confers on the hypertensive patient a very high cardiovascular (CV) risk, requiring an intensive global therapeutical approach. Treating HTA is one of such beneficial actions. The optimal blood pressure (BP) to...

  7. Peripheral vascular disease in patients with coronary artery disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: The prevalence of peripheral vascular disease (PVD) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) has been investigated in many different ways. It depends on the diagnostic methods used and definition of atherosclerotic manifestations in the different vascular beds. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of PVD in the lower limbs in group of patients with CAD. Design: This is a prospective observational study. Place and duration of study: The study was conducted at Combined Military Hospital/Armed Forces institute of Cardiology, Rawalpindi, over a period of one year (January 1998 to January 1999). Subjects and methods: A total number of 200 patient (171 male and 29 females) aged 55-77 years with CAD. Diagnosed by coronary angiography were included in the study. In all patients blood pressure was recorded in both arms by sphygmomanometer and ankle systolic pressure by Doppler ultrasound. Ankle branchial index was calculated. Demographic data were obtained from the patient's hospital files. Results: The prevalence of PVD was 22.5% in patients with CAD in agreement with the results of most previous investigation. There was tendency towards increasing prevalence of PVD with more advanced CAD. Thirty patients (27%) showed evidence of triple vessel disease as compared to 13 patient (18%) with double vessel and 2 patients (1%) with single vessel disease. Conclusion: A non-invasive investigation of peripheral arterial circulation should be included early in the clinical consideration of patients with chest pain or similar symptoms suggesting coronary artery disease. Ankle systolic pressure appears to be simple and cheap technique for evaluation of results. (author)

  8. Gene Therapy Techniques for Peripheral Arterial Disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Somatic gene therapy is the introduction of new genetic material into selective somatic cells with resulting therapeutic benefits. Vascular wall and, subsequently, cardiovascular diseases have become an interesting target for gene therapy studies.Arteries are an attractive target for gene therapy since vascular interventions, both open surgical and endovascular, are well suited for minimally invasive, easily monitored gene delivery. Promising therapeutic effects have been obtained in animal models in preventing post-angioplasty restenosis and vein graft thickening, as well as increasing blood flow and collateral development in ischemic limbs.First clinical trials suggest a beneficial effect of vascular endothelial growth factor in achieving therapeutic angiogenesis in chronic limb ischemia and the efficacy of decoy oligonucleotides to prevent infrainguinal vein graft stenosis. However, further studies are mandatory to clarify the safety issues, to develop better gene delivery vectors and delivery catheters, to improve transgene expression, as well as to find the most effective and safe treatment genes

  9. Coronary Flow Reserve Predicts Cardiopulmonary Fitness in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease Independently of Systolic and Diastolic Function

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Snoer, Martin; Olsen, Rasmus Huan; Monk-Hansen, Tea;

    2014-01-01

    Aims Despite revascularization and optimal medical treatment, patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) have reduced exercise capacity. In the absence of coronary artery stenosis, coronary flow reserve (CFR) is a measure of coronary microvascular function, and a marker of future poor outcome in...

  10. Impact of baseline characteristics on outcomes of carotid artery stenting in acute ischemic stroke patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu CS

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Cheng-Sheng Yu,1,* Chih-Ming Lin,2,3,* Chi-Kuang Liu,4 Henry Horng-Shing Lu1 1Institute of Statistics and Big Data Research Center, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, 2Stroke Centre and Department of Neurology, Chunghua Christian Hospital, Chunghua, 3Graduate Institute of Biological Science and Technology, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, 4Department of Medical Imaging, Chunghua Christian Hospital, Chunghua, Taiwan, Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Carotid artery stenting is an effective treatment for ischemic stroke patients with moderate-to-severe carotid artery stenosis. However, the midterm outcome for patients undergoing this procedure varies considerably with baseline characteristics. To determine the impact of baseline characteristics on outcomes following carotid artery stenting, data from 107 eligible patients with a first episode of ischemic stroke were collected by retrospective chart review. A modified Rankin Scale (mRS was used to divide patients into two baseline groups, mRS ≤2 and mRS >2. A three-step decision-tree statistical analysis was conducted. After weighting the decision-tree parameters, the following impact hierarchy was obtained: admission low-density lipoprotein, gouty arthritis, chronic kidney disease, ipsilateral common carotid artery resistance index, contralateral ophthalmic artery resistance index, sex, and dyslipidemia. The finite-state machine model demonstrated that, in patients with baseline mRS ≤2, 46% had an improved mRS score at follow-up, whereas 54% had a stable mRS score. In patients with baseline mRS >2, a stable mRS score was observed in 75%, improved score in 23%, and a poorer score in 2%. Admission low-density lipoprotein was the strongest predictive factor influencing poststenting outcome. In addition, our study provides further evidence that carotid artery stenting can be of benefit in first-time ischemic stroke patients with baseline m

  11. Prevalence of significant carotid artery stenosis in Iranian patients with peripheral arterial disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bavil AS

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abolhassan Shakeri Bavil1, Kamyar Ghabili2, Seyed Ebrahim Daneshmand3, Masoud Nemati3, Moslem Shakeri Bavil4, Hossein Namdar5, Sheyda Shaafi61Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 2Medical Philosophy and History Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 3Department of Radiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 4Department of Neurosurgery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 5Department of Cardiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 6Neuroscience Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IranBackground: Generalized screening for carotid artery stenosis with carotid duplex ultrasonography in patients with peripheral arterial disease is controversial.Objectives: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of significant internal carotid artery (ICA stenosis in a group of Iranian patients with peripheral arterial disease.Methods: We prospectively screened 120 patients with a known diagnosis of peripheral vascular disease for carotid artery stenosis. Based on the angiographic assessment of abdominal aorta and arteries of the lower extremities, patients with stenosis greater than 70% in the lower extremity arteries were included. A group of healthy individuals aged ≥50 years was recruited as a control. Risk factors for atherosclerosis including smoking, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, ischemic heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease were recorded. Common carotid arteries (CCAs and the origins of the internal and external arteries were scanned with B-mode ultrasonogaphy. Significant ICA stenosis, >70% ICA stenosis but less than near occlusion of the ICA, was diagnosed when the ICA/CCA peak systolic velocity ratio was ≥3.5.Results: Ninety-five patients, with a mean age of 58.52 ± 11.04 years, were studied. Twenty-five patients had a history of smoking, six

  12. Improved Cardiovascular Disease Outcomes in Older Adults

    OpenAIRE

    Forman, Daniel E.; Karen Alexander; Brindis, Ralph G.; Curtis, Anne B; Mathew Maurer; Rich, Michael W.; Laurence Sperling; Nanette K. Wenger

    2016-01-01

    Longevity is increasing and the population of older adults is growing. The biology of aging is conducive to cardiovascular disease (CVD), such that prevalence of coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease, arrhythmia and other disorders are increasing as more adults survive into old age.  Furthermore, CVD in older adults is distinctive, with management issues predictably complicated by multimorbidity, polypharmacy, frailty and other complexities of care that increase manag...

  13. Pregnancy outcome in inflammatory bowel disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bortoli, A; Pedersen, N; Duricova, D; D'Inca, R; Gionchetti, P; Panelli, M R; Ardizzone, S; Sanroman, A L; Gisbert, J P; Arena, I; Riegler, G; Marrollo, M; Valpiani, D; Corbellini, A; Segato, S; Castiglione, F; Munkholm, P

    2011-01-01

    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) frequently affects women during their reproductive years. Pregnancy outcome in women with IBD is well described, particularly in retrospective studies.......Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) frequently affects women during their reproductive years. Pregnancy outcome in women with IBD is well described, particularly in retrospective studies....

  14. Leptospirosis and Peripheral Artery Occlusive Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Chun-Hsiang; Lin, Cheng-Li; Lee, Feng-You; Wang, Ying-Chuan; Kao, Chia-Hung

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Data on the association between peripheral artery occlusive disease (PAOD) and leptospirosis are limited. We conducted a retrospective cohort study for determining whether leptospirosis is one of the possible risk factors for PAOD. Patients diagnosed with leptospirosis by using 2000 to 2010 data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients with leptospirosis without a history of PAOD were selected. For each leptospirosis patient, 4 controls without a history of leptospirosis and PAOD were randomly selected and frequency-matched for sex, age, the year of the index date, and comorbidity diseases. The follow-up period was from the time of the initial diagnosis of leptospirosis to the diagnosis date of PAOD, or December 31, 2011. The Cox proportional hazard regression models were used for analyzing the risk of PAOD. During the follow-up period, the cumulative incidence of PAOD was higher among the patients from the leptospirosis cohort than among the nonleptospirosis cohort (log-rank test, P leptospirosis cohort and 81 from the nonleptospirosis cohort were observed with the incidence rates of 2.1 and 1.3 per 1000 person-years, respectively, yielding a crude hazards ratio (HR) of 1.62 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.44–1.81) and adjusted HR (aHR) of 1.75 (95% CI = 1.58–1.95). The risk of PAOD was 1.75-fold higher in the patients with leptospirosis than in the general population. PMID:26986166

  15. Stress myocardial scintigraphy in coronary artery disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the clinical significance of asymptomatic ischemic heart disease, exercise electrocardiography and stress myocardial scintigraphy were performed. These were correlated with symptoms during exercise tests and histories of myocardial infarction (MI). The study subjects consisted of 70 patients with coronary artery disease, including 34 with MI, and 36 without MI but with angina pectoris. Stress tests were performed using bicycle ergometer under electrocardiographic monitoring throughout the test. Transient myocardial ischemia was confirmed by perfusion defects on thallium myocardial imaging demonstrated immediately after exercise, but not 3 hours after the stress test. Asymptomatic ST depression was observed in 18 of 34 patients with MI (53%) and in 21 of the 36 patients with angina (58%); however, transient myocardial perfusion defects were confimred in 61% of the patients with MI (11 of 18 patients), but in only 33% of those with angina (7 of 21 patients). The difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). It was suggested that there are some differences in the clinical significance of asymptomatic ST depression between the patients with MI and those without MI but with angina pectoris. (author)

  16. Trans fatty acids and coronary artery disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jocelyne R Benatar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Jocelyne R BenatarGreen Lane Cardiovascular Service, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New ZealandAbstract: There has been a significant increased consumption of trans fats in the developed world as we have embraced processed and take away foods in our diet in the last 40 years. These fatty acids are not essential for human nutrition and are hazardous to health. They increase the risk of cardiovascular disease more than any other macronutrient including saturated fat, through multiple mechanisms including adverse effects on lipids, endothelial function and inflammation. They are readily incorporated into cell structures such as cell membranes and the Golgi apparatus, resulting in unintended effects on multiple biological pathways. The majority of trans fats in our diet are artificially manufactured by a process of partial hydrogenation of vegetable oil with little coming from natural sources. It should be possible to replace these harmful fats in the food chain at source with concerted efforts from food manufacturers and legislators.Keywords: trans fats, coronary artery disease, hydrogenated vegetable oils

  17. ARTERIAL STIFFNESS AND CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE: CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. D. Kobalava

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Chronic kidney disease (CKD is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. CKD is characterized by accelerated aging of vessels in which the age-related arterial stiffness increase is exacerbated by a number of uremia-related processes. Increased arterial stiffness is associated with structural and functional disorders, as well as with the increase in cardiovascular mortality in patients with CKD. Increased arterial stiffness is diagnosed at an early stage of CKD. Modern understanding of the mechanisms of increased risk of cardiovascular complications in CKD, the factors contributing to the loss of elasticity of the arteries, arterial stiffness increase consequences are analyzed. Data illustrating the twoway interaction between CKD and arterial stiffness and mechanisms of accelerated progression of arterial stiffness in CKD are presented.

  18. Coronary Revascularization in Lung Transplant Recipients With Concomitant Coronary Artery Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Castleberry, A W; Martin, J. T.; Osho, A. A.; Hartwig, M. G.; Hashmi, Z. A.; Zanotti, G.; Shaw, L. K.; J. B. Williams; Lin, S. S; Davis, R. D.

    2013-01-01

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) is not uncommon among lung transplant candidates. Several small, single-center series have suggested that short-term outcomes are acceptable in selected patients who undergo coronary revascularization prior to, or concomitant with, lung transplantation. Our objective was to evaluate perioperative and intermediate-term outcomes in this patient population at our institution. We performed a retrospective, observational cohort analysis of 898 lung transplant recipien...

  19. Dynamic diffuse optical tomography imaging of peripheral arterial disease

    OpenAIRE

    Khalil, Michael A.; Kim, Hyun K.; Kim, In-Kyong; Flexman, Molly; Dayal, Rajeev; Shrikhande, Gautam; Hielscher, Andreas H.

    2012-01-01

    Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is the narrowing of arteries due to plaque accumulation in the vascular walls. This leads to insufficient blood supply to the extremities and can ultimately cause cell death. Currently available methods are ineffective in diagnosing PAD in patients with calcified arteries, such as those with diabetes. In this paper we investigate the potential of dynamic diffuse optical tomography (DDOT) as an alternative way to assess PAD in the lower extremities. DDOT is a ...

  20. Coronary artery calcification in chronic kidney disease: An update

    OpenAIRE

    Stompór, Tomasz

    2014-01-01

    Arterial calcification is a well-recognized complication of advanced atherosclerosis. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by significantly more pronounced, disseminated and fast-progressing calcification of the vascular system, including the coronary arteries. New computed tomography-based imaging techniques allow for the noninvasive assessment and monitoring of calcification in different vascular sites. Coronary artery calcification (CAC) develops early in the course of CKD and is ...

  1. Arterial stiffness and chronic kidney disease: causes and consequences

    OpenAIRE

    J.D. Kobalava; Yu.V. Kotovskaya; S.V. Villevalde; A.E.Soloveva; I.M. Amirbegishvili

    2014-01-01

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. CKD is characterized by accelerated aging of vessels in which the age-related arterial stiffness increase is exacerbated by a number of uremia-related processes. Increased arterial stiffness is associated with structural and functional disorders, as well as with the increase in cardiovascular mortality in patients with CKD. Increased arterial stiffness is diagnosed at an early stage of CKD. Modern understanding of ...

  2. Symptomatic coronary artery disease after mantle irradiation for Hodgkin's disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: a) To assess the age-related incidence of morbid cardiac events including cardiac death (CD), nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), and angina pectoris (AP) in all patients treated for Hodgkin's disease at a single institution; b) to examine the prevalence of cardiac risk factors and presence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in affected patients. Methods and materials: 475 patients were treated for Hodgkin's disease in our institution between 1954 and 1989. The status of 97% of the cohort was established either by patient visit and examination in 1992-1993, personal telephone contact, or documentation of death. The 326 of these patients who had mantle irradiation (RT) and survived 3 years formed the study population. Patients who experienced AP, MI, or CD secondary to CAD were assessed for the presence of specific cardiac risk factors. Cardiac catheterization and necropsy data were reviewed to determine the presence and degree of coronary artery stenosis. Results: Eighteen of 326 patients (5.5%) have had a morbid cardiac event directly related to CAD. Seven patients had CD. Seven patients experienced nonfatal MI, and four patients had AP. The mean interval from RT to morbid cardiac event was 13.1 years (range: 4.4-27.0), and the mean age at the time of the event was 39.4 years (range: 24-65). Four of these patients had morbid cardiac events between ages 24-29 years. Based on US statistics of CD secondary to MI, the relative risk of CD for the treated group was 2.8 (3.1 for males and 1.8 for females). Remarkably, no difference was found in the risk of experiencing a morbid cardiac endpoint in patients stratified by either decile of age at which RT was given, or by duration of follow-up. Only one patient experiencing an event (AP) had received an anthracycline. The mean RT dose to the central cardiac volume for the affected patients was 44.3 Gy (range: 35-60.4). Autopsy or catheterization data were available on 15 patients and revealed 90-100% stenosis of at

  3. Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease and Diabetic Nephropathy: A Single Center Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Bae, Ki Sun; Park, Hyeong Cheon; Kang, Byung Seung; Park, Jong Won; Chon, Nu Ri; Oh, Kyung Jin; Yoon, Young Won; Hong, You Sun; Ha, Sung Kyu

    2007-01-01

    Background Patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN) and coronary artery disease (CAD) represent a subset of patients with high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The optimal revascularization strategy using either percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of PCI to CABG in DN patients with CAD. Methods The clinical and angiographic records of DN patients with CAD ...

  4. Pulmonary artery denervation for treatment of a patient with pulmonary hypertension secondary to left heart disease

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Hang; Zhang, Juan; Xie, Du-Jiang; Jiang, Xiaoming; Zhang, Feng-Fu; Chen, Shao-Liang

    2016-01-01

    Pulmonary hypertension (PH) predicts poor outcome in patients with left heart disease. A 62-year-old man was referred for heart failure associated with ischemic cardiomyopathy. He received a diagnosis of combined postcapillary and precapillary PH secondary to left heart disease on the basis of hemodynamic parameters. After the pulmonary artery denervation procedure was performed, hemodynamic parameters were markedly improved, which resulted in a significant increase in functional capacity.

  5. The Surgical Outcome of Anomalous Origin of the Left Coronary Artery from the Pulmonary Artery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tasneem Muzaffar

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background:: Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA is a rare congenital anomaly which represents one of the most common causes of myocardial ischemia and infarction in children. This anomaly, if left untreated, results in a very high mortality rate within the first year of life. Yet, immediate surgical correction can lead to excellent results.. Objectives:: The present study aimed to determine the surgical outcome of ALCAPA.. Methods:: This study was conducted on 53 patients with ALCAPA operated from January 2005 to December 2012. Surgical repair was carried out as soon as the diagnosis was made. Surgery was thus undertaken on an urgent basis (within 48 hours in the patients with congestive heart failure or critical clinical status and on a semi- elective basis (within a few days in the remaining children. Operations for all the patients were performed through a median sternotomy using established standard cardiopulmonary bypass technique. Grouped variables were compared using chi-square test with Yates’ correction. Besides, McNemar’s test was used to assess the relationship between preoperative ejection fraction and mitral incompetence. All the analyses were performed using the SPSS statistical software, version 11.5 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL.. Results:: The patients’ median age at presentation was 4 months. The mean preoperative ejection fraction was 36.5%. The results showed a significant relationship between age at presentation and impairment of ejection fraction (P < 0.001. At first, 23% of our patients presented with ejection fraction < 35%. However, 6 months after the operation, the ejection fraction improved to a mean of 53.07% (SD = 8.5 ranging from 38 - 66%. There were 5 postoperative hospital deaths with an overall mortality rate of 9.6%.. Conclusions:: Excellent results with desirable long-term outcomes can be achieved in the infants with ALCAPA using coronary artery implantation

  6. Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease - an Interdisciplinary Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Groechenig E

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Vascular diseases are the most common diseases and the most common causes of death in developed countries. Many medical disciplines deal with vascular diseases and there is no strict and clear concept in education and training of these physicians. In German-speaking countries "angiology" was established several years ago. The angiologist is a highly qualified physician, who, in most cases, comes from internal medicine (a minority from dermatology. Although peripheral arterial disease (PAD is the most frequent disease angiology deals with, the angiologist has to have a broad knowledge of general vascular medicine and has to be qualified in all diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. PAD is just like the tip of an iceberg and has to be mentioned as a severe disease with a bad overall prognosis similar to that of Duke-B colon carcinoma. So, global access with staging and grading of atherosclerosis, evaluation of concomitant diseases, control of risk factors and adequate treatment of PAD is the gold standard. Therefore, several medical specialities are involved with the angiologist functioning as the integrative "general manager" between the disciplines for the welfare of the patient. Periphere arterielle Verschlußkrankheit - ein interdisziplinärer Ansatz. Gefäßkrankheiten sind die häufigsten Erkrankungs- und Todesursachen in den industrialisierten Ländern. Gefäßerkrankungen können sich an verschiedensten Organen manifestieren und dazu führen, daß unterschiedliche medizinische Disziplinen damit beschäftigt werden, ohne daß häufig eine gefäßspezifische Ausbildung vorhanden ist. Um diesem Umstand Rechnung zu tragen, wurde in den deutschsprachigen Ländern vor einigen Jahren der Additivfacharzt für Angiologie eingeführt. Der Angiologe ist ein hochqualifizierter Spezialist mit einer internistischen (seltener dermatologischen Basisausbildung. Der Angiologe hat einerseits ein breites Wissen über die allgemeine Gefäßpathologie und

  7. Hepatitis C virus infection and risk of coronary artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roed, Torsten; Lebech, Anne-Mette; Kjaer, Andreas; Weis, Nina

    2012-01-01

    Several chronic infections have been associated with cardiovascular diseases, including Chlamydia pneumoniae, human immunodeficiency virus and viral hepatitis. This review evaluates the literature on the association between chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and the risk of coronary artery...

  8. Differential imaging features of pulmonary artery dissection from other intraluminal diseases of pulmonary artery: Two cases report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pulmonary artery dissection is rarer than other intraluminal diseases of pulmonary artery such as pulmonary thromboembolism or pulmonary artery sarcoma. We report two cases of pulmonary artery dissection mimicking pulmonary artery sarcoma. Computed tomography (CT) showed no enhancement of intrapulmonary arterial lesion or expansion of involved pulmonary artery. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed low-signal intensity intimal flap on T1- and T2-weighted images. There was no fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake on positron emission tomography (PET)-CT. In this case report, we describe the imaging features of pulmonary artery dissection on CT, MRI, and PET-CT.

  9. Differential imaging features of pulmonary artery dissection from other intraluminal diseases of pulmonary artery: Two cases report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Joo Ho; Shin, Hyun Woong; Sohn, Kung Rak; Lee, Yil Gi [Daegu Fatima Hospital, Daegu(Korea, Republic of)

    2015-03-15

    Pulmonary artery dissection is rarer than other intraluminal diseases of pulmonary artery such as pulmonary thromboembolism or pulmonary artery sarcoma. We report two cases of pulmonary artery dissection mimicking pulmonary artery sarcoma. Computed tomography (CT) showed no enhancement of intrapulmonary arterial lesion or expansion of involved pulmonary artery. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed low-signal intensity intimal flap on T1- and T2-weighted images. There was no fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake on positron emission tomography (PET)-CT. In this case report, we describe the imaging features of pulmonary artery dissection on CT, MRI, and PET-CT.

  10. How to detect disease progression in pulmonary arterial hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J-L. Vachiéry

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH is a rapidly progressive disease, ultimately leading to right heart failure and death. Accumulating evidence indicates that intervention early in disease progression results in better outcomes than delaying treatment. In this review we will discuss the assessments and strategies that can be used to monitor disease progression and guide clinical management. Many tools, such as symptoms, functional classification, exercise capacity, haemodynamic measures, findings on cardiac imaging and levels of biomarkers, have shown to be prognostic for survival both at diagnosis and during treatment. However, attempts to define goal thresholds have produced a variety of results. Several groups have developed risk calculators to estimate individual patients' mortality risk, but the accuracy of these tools across different patient populations remains unknown. What is clear is the importance of regularly assessing a range of parameters and then tailoring treatment goals to each patient. In addition, the use of a multidisciplinary team approach is crucial in order to support patients through all aspects of managing their condition. There is still an urgent need for prospective collaborative initiatives to assess novel goals and improve treatment strategies that would allow physicians to personalise and optimise clinical management for their patients with PAH.

  11. Measurement of outcome in rheumatic diseases.

    OpenAIRE

    Wright, V

    1985-01-01

    In the assessment of outcome in rheumatic diseases a number of factors must be taken into account. It is important to make an accurate diagnosis, so that the response to treatment is not confused by heterogeneity of the population. The meaning of outcome needs to be defined. The quality of life over a prolonged period is just as important as the ultimate outcome. Subjective symptoms are important to the patient. Pain is the most important, followed by disability and then stiffness. Despite at...

  12. Diffusion tensor imaging patients with major cerebral artery occlusive disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Diffusion tensor (DT) imaging provides quantitative information about the magnitude and the directionality (anisotropy) of water diffusion in vivo and can detect pathologic changes in brain ischemia. This study tried to detect ischemic brain damage using DT imaging in patients with symptomatic chronic major cerebral artery occlusive disease. DT imaging was performed using a 3.0 Tesla magnetic resonance (MR) scanner in 50 patients with unilateral internal carotid artery or middle cerebral artery stenosis or occlusion, who had no obvious infarct lesions on conventional MR imaging. Thirty-three patients underwent DT imaging before and after vascular reconstruction surgery. Fractional anisotropy (FA) was calculated in the middle cerebral artery territory. Preoperative FA values in the ipsilateral side were significantly lower than those in the contralateral side. After surgery, the FA value was significantly increased. DT imaging may indicate ischemic brain damage, not visualized by conventional MR imaging, in patients with major cerebral artery occlusive disease. (author)

  13. Occlusion of Internal Carotid Artery in Kimura's Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Node Yoji; Tomonori Tamaki

    2010-01-01

    We describe a unique case of Kimura's disease in which cerebral infarction was caused by occlusion of the right internal carotid artery. A 25-year-old man with Kimura's disease was admitted to our hospital because of left hemiparesis. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the head showed infarction in the right frontal and temporal lobes. Cerebral angiography demonstrated right internal carotid artery occlusion affecting the C1 segment, with moyamoya-like collateral vessels ar...

  14. New stent developments for peripheral arterial occlusive disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Infrainguinal peripheral occlusive disease is increasingly being treated by endovascular techniques. Bare metal stainless steel, self-expanding nitinol stents, drug-eluting and covered stents (stent grafts) are becoming increasingly more important adjuncts to percutaneous translumninal angioplasty in the treatment of peripheral artery disease. In this article the available evidence supporting the use of stents in the femoropopliteal and tibial arteries will be described as well as their limitations. Future stent developments will also be discussed. (orig.)

  15. Renal artery stenosis in patients with established coronary artery disease: Prevalence and predicting factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Khatami

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The association between renal artery stenosis (RAS and other atherosclerotic diseases (particularly coronary artery diseases is well known. In general, the risk factors for atherosclerosis have been clarified, but whether these risk factors operate equally in all forms of atherosclerotic diseases is not known. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of RAS in patients with established coronary artery diseases and then to define the most important risk factors that may help to predict the RAS in this population. In this cross-sectional study, 146 patients with established coronary artery stenosis by angiography simultaneously underwent renal angiography; RAS >50% was considered significant. We found that 25.3% of patients with coronary artery diseases had RAS. The prevalence of significant stenosis was 17.1%. Females were more vulnerable to this disorder than males (47.1% vs. 13.7%, P = 0.001. There was no relationship between the severity and number of stenosed coronary arteries and those of stenosed renal arteries (P = 0.716. Multi-variate logistic regression analysis revealed that among the risk factors for atherosclerosis, female sex (P = 0.001, duration of hypertension (P = 0.032, age (P = 0.046 and serum creatinine (P = 0.018 were strong predictors of the presence of RAS. We concluded that RAS is a common finding in patients with coronary artery disease. We suggest that all older females with deteriorating renal function and long-standing hypertension should be carefully evaluated for early detection of the RAS.

  16. Internal thoracic artery collateral to the external iliac artery in chronic aortoiliac occlusive disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the incidence and angiographic findings of the collateral pathway involving the internal thoracic artery in patients with chronic aortoiliac occlusive disease. Between March 2000 and Februrary 2001, 124 patients at our hospital underwent angiographic evaluation of chronic aortoiliac occlusive disease, and in 15 of these complete obstruction or severe stenosis of the aortoiliac artery was identified. The aortograms and collateral arteriograms obtained, including internal thoracic arteriograms, as well as the medical records of the patients involved, were evaluated. In nine patients there was complete occlusion of the infrarenal aorta, or diffuse stenosis of 75% or more in the descending thoracic aorta, and in the other six, a patent aorta but complete occlusion or stenosis of 75% or more of the common iliac artery was demonstrated. Collateral perfusion via hypertrophied internal thoracic arteries and rich anastomoses between the superior and inferior epigastric arteries, reconstituting the external iliac artery, were noted in all fifteen patients, regardless of symptom duration, which ranged from six months to twelve years. In patients with chronic aortoiliac occlusive disease, the internal thoracic artery, along with visceral collaterals and those from the contralateral side, is one of the major parietal collateral pathways

  17. Homocysteine as risk factor for coronary artery disease in pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pakistani people belong to an ethnic group which has the highest rate of coronary artery disease. There are a number of risk factors for developing the coronary artery disease (CAD). Homocysteine, a sulphur containing amino acid, has been reported to be an independent risk factor for CAD. The present study was done to find out the role of hyperhomocysteinemia in the development of coronary artery disease in Pakistan. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out. There were 40 angiographically diagnosed male patients of coronary artery disease between 30 - 40 years of age taken as cases and 40 age, sex and socioeconomically matched healthy subjects with normal carotid doppler study taken as controls. Fasting venous blood from cases and controls was taken in E.D.T.A vacationers. Plasma was analyzed for homo-cysteine level by enzyme immunoassay method. Results: Mean plasma concentration of homocysteine in coronary artery disease patients i.e. cases was 13.5 +- 6.8 mu mol/L and was higher than the mean for controls (10.76 +- 2.27 mu mol/L) to a significant extent. Conclusion: Hyperhomocysteinemia through inter-play with the classical cardiovascular risk factors may be aggravating the risk of coronary artery disease in Pakistani people. (author)

  18. Clinical outcomes in low risk coronary artery disease patients treated with different limus-based drug-eluting stents--a nationwide retrospective cohort study using insurance claims database.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chao-Lun Lai

    Full Text Available The clinical outcomes of different limus-based drug-eluting stents (DES in a real-world setting have not been well defined. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of three different limus-based DES, namely sirolimus-eluting stent (SES, Endeavor zotarolimus-eluting stent (E-ZES and everolimus-eluting stent (EES, using a national insurance claims database. We identified all patients who received implantation of single SES, E-ZES or EES between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2009 from the National Health Insurance claims database, Taiwan. Follow-up was through December 31, 2011 for all selected clinical outcomes. The primary end-point was all-cause mortality. Secondary end-points included acute coronary events, heart failure needing hospitalization, and cerebrovascular disease. Cox regression model adjusting for baseline characteristics was used to compare the relative risks of different outcomes among the three different limus-based DES. Totally, 6584 patients were evaluated (n=2142 for SES, n=3445 for E-ZES, and n=997 for EES. After adjusting for baseline characteristics, we found no statistically significant difference in the risk of all-cause mortality in three DES groups (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 1.14, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.94-1.38, p=0.20 in E-ZES group compared with SES group; adjusted HR: 0.77, 95% CI: 0.54-1.10, p=0.15 in EES group compared with SES group. Similarly, we found no difference in the three stent groups in risks of acute coronary events, heart failure needing hospitalization, and cerebrovascular disease. In conclusion, we observed no difference in all-cause mortality, acute coronary events, heart failure needing hospitalization, and cerebrovascular disease in patients treated with SES, E-ZES, and EES in a real-world population-based setting in Taiwan.

  19. Association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and coronary artery disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Consuelo P. Vilar

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Although some investigations have shown a relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD and cardiovascular diseases, there are few studies analyzing the relationship between NAFLD and coronary artery disease (CAD. The aim of this article was to review the relationship between NAFLD and CAD and the methods of diagnosis used to assess such relationship. METHODS: A review was performed using search engines of indexed scientific material, including MEDLINE (by PubMed, Web of Science, IBECS, and LILACS, to identify articles published in Portuguese, English, and Spanish until August, 2012. The studies were eligible if they included the following data: place and year of publication, prevalence and methods used to diagnose NAFLD (ultrasound, computed tomography, nuclear magnetic resonance, or biopsy and CAD (coronary angiography, or computed tomography, and the exclusion of patients due to alcohol consumption greater than 20 g/day. RESULTS: Ten articles were selected, most of which were cross-sectional studies. The studies mostly observed the association between NAFLD and the presence and severity of CAD. CONCLUSION: The analysis of the review showed that evaluating the existence of NAFLD in patients with CAD from its subclinical form up to the symptomatic clinical form is important due to the higher risk of acute myocardial infarction and consequent increase of mortality.

  20. Detection of coronary artery disease by thallium scintigraphy in patients with valvar heart disease.

    OpenAIRE

    Huikuri, H V; Korhonen, U R; Heikkilä, J; Takkunen, J T

    1986-01-01

    In patients with valvar heart disease detection of coronary artery disease by conventional non-invasive methods may be difficult. The usefulness of thallium-201 exercise scintigraphy for detecting coronary artery disease was evaluated in 16 patients with aortic stenosis, 17 with aortic regurgitation, nine with mitral stenosis, and six with mitral regurgitation who were investigated by coronary angiography. Only two of 21 patients with greater than or equal to 50% coronary artery obstruction h...

  1. Epicardial adipose tissue and coronary artery disease: an article review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sareh Mousavi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Adipose tissue surrounding the heart may contribute in the progression of coronary atherosclerosis due to its proximity to the coronary arteries. In addition, epicardial adipose tissue has paracrine and endocrine functions. It can secrete numerous bioactive molecules. Most previous studies examined the relation between coronary artery disease and epicardial adipose tissue have used echocardiography and have reported controversial results, probably due to differences in measurement techniques and study populations. This study aimed to give a brief review on the value of echocardiographic assessment of epicardial adipose tissue in the prediction of coronary artery disease severity.Epicardial adipose tissue, easily and non-invasively evaluated by transthoracic echocardiography, can be considered as an adjunctive marker to classical risk factors despite all the limitations. Moreover, it might be recommended as a useful quantitative screening examination for the prediction of the presence and the severity of coronary artery disease and the extent of atherosclerosis.

  2. Uterine Artery Embolization Versus Laparoscopic Uterine Artery Occlusion: The Outcomes of a Prospective, Nonrandomized Clinical Trial

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To compare outcomes of two different types of occlusive therapy of uterine fibroids. Methods: Women with fibroid(s) unsuitable for laparoscopic myomectomy (LM) were treated with uterine artery embolization (UAE) or laparoscopic uterine artery occlusion (LUAO). Results: Before the procedure, patients treated with UAE (n = 100) had a dominant fibroid greater in size (68 vs. 48 mm) and a mean age lower (33.1 vs. 34.9 years) than surgically treated patients (n = 100). After 6 months, mean shrinkage of fibroid volume was 53 % after UAE and 39 % after LUAO (p = 0.063); 82 % of women after UAE, but only 23 % after LUAO, had complete myoma infarction (p = 0.001). Women treated with UAE had more complications (31 vs. 11 cases, p = 0.006) and greater incidence of hysteroscopically verified intrauterine necrosis (31 vs. 3 %, p = 0.001). Both groups were comparable in markers of ovarian functions and number of nonelective reinterventions. The groups did not differ in pregnancy (69 % after UAE vs. 67 % after LUAO), delivery (50 vs. 46 %), or abortion (34 vs. 33 %) rates. The mean birth weight of neonates was greater (3270 vs. 2768 g, p = 0.013) and the incidence of intrauterine growth restriction lower (13 vs. 38 %, p = 0.046) in post-UAE patients. Conclusion: Both methods are effective in the treatment of women with future reproductive plans and fibroids not suitable for LM. UAE is more effective in causing complete ischemia of fibroids, but it is associated with greater risk of intrauterine necrosis. Both methods have low rate of serious complications (except for a high abortion rate).

  3. Uterine Artery Embolization Versus Laparoscopic Uterine Artery Occlusion: The Outcomes of a Prospective, Nonrandomized Clinical Trial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mara, Michal; Kubinova, Kristyna, E-mail: kristyna.kubinova@gmail.com [General Faculty Hospital and 1st Medical Faculty of Charles University, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Czech Republic); Maskova, Jana [Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Horak, Petr [General Faculty Hospital and 1st Medical Faculty of Charles University, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Czech Republic); Belsan, Tomas [Central Military Hospital, Department of Radiology (Czech Republic); Kuzel, David [General Faculty Hospital and 1st Medical Faculty of Charles University, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Czech Republic)

    2012-10-15

    Purpose: To compare outcomes of two different types of occlusive therapy of uterine fibroids. Methods: Women with fibroid(s) unsuitable for laparoscopic myomectomy (LM) were treated with uterine artery embolization (UAE) or laparoscopic uterine artery occlusion (LUAO). Results: Before the procedure, patients treated with UAE (n = 100) had a dominant fibroid greater in size (68 vs. 48 mm) and a mean age lower (33.1 vs. 34.9 years) than surgically treated patients (n = 100). After 6 months, mean shrinkage of fibroid volume was 53 % after UAE and 39 % after LUAO (p = 0.063); 82 % of women after UAE, but only 23 % after LUAO, had complete myoma infarction (p = 0.001). Women treated with UAE had more complications (31 vs. 11 cases, p = 0.006) and greater incidence of hysteroscopically verified intrauterine necrosis (31 vs. 3 %, p = 0.001). Both groups were comparable in markers of ovarian functions and number of nonelective reinterventions. The groups did not differ in pregnancy (69 % after UAE vs. 67 % after LUAO), delivery (50 vs. 46 %), or abortion (34 vs. 33 %) rates. The mean birth weight of neonates was greater (3270 vs. 2768 g, p = 0.013) and the incidence of intrauterine growth restriction lower (13 vs. 38 %, p = 0.046) in post-UAE patients. Conclusion: Both methods are effective in the treatment of women with future reproductive plans and fibroids not suitable for LM. UAE is more effective in causing complete ischemia of fibroids, but it is associated with greater risk of intrauterine necrosis. Both methods have low rate of serious complications (except for a high abortion rate).

  4. Comparable three months' outcome of total arterial revascularization versus conventional coronary surgery: Copenhagen Arterial Revascularization Randomized Patency and Outcome trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, S.; Lund, J.T.; Lilleor, N.B.; Perko, M.J.; Sander, K.; Dimo, B.; Jensen, Maiken Brit; Madsen, Jan Kyst; Kelbaek, H.; Steinbruchel, D.A.

    2008-01-01

    single-center trial, 331 patients underwent total arterial revascularization using single or bilateral internal thoracic and radial arteries versus conventional revascularization using the left internal thoracic artery and saphenous vein grafts. We report the results from 3 months' follow-up. RESULTS......OBJECTIVE: The in-hospital safety of total arterial revascularization for coronary artery bypass surgery seems to be comparable to conventional revascularization, but randomized trials evaluating this are few and data on complications in the postoperative months are sparse. METHODS: In a randomized......: The mean age of patients was 59 +/- 8 years, and 39 were women (12%). The median EuroSCORE was 2 (interquartile range 1-4). The arterial group comprised 161 patients, and the conventional group comprised 170 patients. The mean number of bypasses in the arterial group was 2.9 +/- 0.9 versus 3.2 +/- 0...

  5. Radiation-induced coronary artery disease. One observation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Twenty-seven reports (26 from the literature) of radiation ischemic heart diseases are studied in order to specify their clinical and pathological findings and their natural history. This complications appear after treatment of radiation-curable diseases with a mean delay of 4 years in young patients (mean age of 31). Several coronary arteries are often injuried with fibrous and or atherosclerotic anatomical lesions. The frequency of this coronary artery diseases is certainly more important than reported since they are often latent but probably progressive. However, atherogenetic factors increase the risk and must be lowered in a preventive aim; as a rule, the radiotherapic technique must also be as perfect as possible. The prognosis of this radiation induced coronary artery diseases is poor: 19 myocardial infarctions and 12 deaths are observed but no cardiac death occured in patients who received a by-pass graft. So, radiation ischemic heart disease needs active investigation and therapy

  6. Management of pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Togănel, Rodica; Benedek, I; Suteu, Carmen; Blesneac, Cristina

    2007-01-01

    Congenital heart diseases are the most common congenital malformations and account for about eight cases per 1000 births and are often associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Increased shear stress and the excess flow through the pulmonary vascular bed due to a systemic-to-pulmonary shunt lead to the development of pulmonary vascular disease and an increase in pulmonary vascular resistance. Without surgical repair approximately 30% of patients develop pulmonary vascular disease. Eisenmenger syndrome represents the extreme end of pulmonary arterial hypertension with congenital heart disease. We summarized the current therapeutic options for pulmonary arterial hypertension; conventional treatments including calcium channel blockers, anticoagulation, digitalis, diuretics, and new treatment: prostacyclin, bosentan, sildenafil, ambrisentan. Preliminary data of new therapies are encouraging with disease significantly improved natural history, but there is need for more evidence-based data. PMID:18333354

  7. Coronary arterial disease after electroconvulsive therapy: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataly Pimentel Rodrigues

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Objectives Unipolar depression (UPD is a leading cause of global burden of diseases, particularly among the elderly, whose treatment may be challenging. In such cases, ECT is often recommended due to its safety and efficacy. This report presents a case of a 67-year-old male inpatient that developed a rare cardiac complication during ECT. Methods Clinical case report with patient’s consent and bibliographic review. Results A 67-year-old male inpatient with recurrent severe psychotic depression was hospitalized and ECT was indicated after failure of the pharmacological treatment. A comprehensive clinical pre-evaluation revealed only nonspecific ST-segment changes in electrocardiogram. During the 7th ECT session, it was observed transitory ST-segment depression followed by a discrete increase of plasma troponin I. Severe tri-vessel coronary artery stenosis was found and a percutaneous coronary angioplasty was performed, with satisfactory psychiatric and cardiac outcomes. Conclusions Unipolar depression (UPD and cardiovascular disease are often coexistent conditions, especially among the elderly. In the current case, myocardial ischemia was detected lately during ECT therapy and its treatment allowed the UPD treatment to be completed adequately.

  8. Dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound and transient arterial occlusion for quantification of arterial perfusion reserve in peripheral arterial disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To quantify muscular micro-perfusion and arterial perfusion reserve in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) with dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and transient arterial occlusion. Materials and methods: This study had local institutional review board approval and written informed consent was obtained from all subjects. We examined the dominant lower leg of 40 PAD Fontaine stage IIb patients (mean age, 65 years) and 40 healthy volunteers (mean age, 54 years) with CEUS (7 MHz; MI, 0.28) during continuous intravenous infusion of 4.8 mL microbubbles. Transient arterial occlusion at mid-thigh level simulated physical exercise. With time–CEUS–intensity curves obtained from regions of interest within calf muscles, we derived the maximum CEUS signal after occlusion (max) and its time (tmax), slope to maximum (m), vascular response after occlusion (AUCpost), and analysed accuracy, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, and correlations with ankle-brachial index (ABI) and walking distance. Results: All parameters differed in PAD and volunteers (p max was delayed (31.2 ± 13.6 vs. 16.7 ± 8.5 s, p post as optimal parameter combination for diagnosing PAD and therefore impaired arterial perfusion reserve. Conclusions: Dynamic CEUS with transient arterial occlusion quantifies muscular micro-perfusion and arterial perfusion reserve. The technique is accurate to diagnose PAD.

  9. Effect of intra-arterial CO2 insufflation on occlusive arterial disease in the lower leg

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Twenty patients with a mean age of 79 years were followed over a period of 6 months after intra-arterial insufflation of CO2 in the lower extremity. All patients had severe peripheral occlusive arterial disease caused by atherosclerosis and were scheduled for amputation. A significant increase of the distal perfusion pressure was obtained in the majority of the cases resulting in pain relief and healing of ulcers and gangrenes. (Auth.)

  10. Emergency Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: Indications and Outcomes from 2003 through 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Schumer, Erin M.; Chaney, John H.; Trivedi, Jaimin R.; Linsky, Paul L.; Williams, Matthew L.; Slaughter, Mark S

    2016-01-01

    Emergency coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is associated with increased in-hospital mortality rates and adverse events. This study retrospectively evaluated indications and outcomes in patients who underwent emergency CABG.

  11. Raynaud's phenomenon in arterial obstructive disease of the hand demonstrated by locally provoked cooling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen Levin; Nobin, B A; Hirai, M;

    1978-01-01

    indicates an increase of digital arterial tone. In all three groups, digital arterial tone increased more than in normals during finger cooling. Patients with Raynaud's disease showed a pathological increase in arterial tone at 23.5 degrees C with closure of the digital arteries at a mean temperature of 18...... pathological arterial tone in Raynaud's disease vs. a normal arterial tone in obliterative diseases acting on a narrow vessel....

  12. Coronary artery disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus:Recent treatment strategies and future perspectives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ryo; Naito; Takatoshi; Kasai

    2015-01-01

    Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) are at a higher risk of developing coronary artery disease(CAD) than are non-T2 DM patients. Moreover, the clinical outcomes in CAD with T2 DM are poor despite improvements in medications and other interventions. Coronary artery bypass grafting is superior to percutaneous coronary intervention in treating multivessel coronary artery disease in diabetic patients. However, selecting a revascularization strategy depends not only on the lesion complexity but also on the patient’s medical history and comorbidities. Additionally, comprehensive risk management with medical and non-pharmacological therapies is important, as is confirmation regarding whether the risk-management strategies are being appropriately achieved. Furthermore, non-pharmacological interventions using exercise and diet during the earlier stages of glucose metabolism abnormalities, such as impaired glucose tolerance, might be beneficial in preventing the development or progression of T2 DM and in reducing the occurrence of cardiovascular events.

  13. Use of pulmonary artery catheter in coronary artery bypass graft. Costs and long-term outcomes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fei Xu

    Full Text Available Pulmonary artery catheters (PAC are used widely to monitor hemodynamics in patients undergoing coronary bypass graft (CABG surgery. However, recent studies have raised concerns regarding both the effectiveness and safety of PAC. Therefore, our aim was to determine the effects of the use of PAC on the short- and long-term health and economic outcomes of patients undergoing CABG.1361 Chinese patients who consecutively underwent isolated, primary CABG at the Cardiovascular Institute of Fuwai Hospital from June 1, 2012 to December 31, 2012 were included in this study. Of all the patients, 453 received PAC during operation (PAC group and 908 received no PAC therapy (control group. Short-term and long-term mortality and major complications were analyzed with multivariate regression analysis and propensity score matched-pair analysis was used to yield two well-matched groups for further comparison.The patients who were managed with PAC more often received intraoperative vasoactive drugs dopamine (70.9% vs. 45.5%; P<0.001 and epinephrine (7.7% vs. 2.6%; P<0.001. In addition, costs for initial hospitalization were higher for PAC patients ($14,535 vs. $13,873, respectively, p = 0.004. PAC use was neither associated with the perioperative mortality or major complications, nor was it associated with long-term mortality and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events. In addition, comparison between two well-matched groups showed no significant differences either in baseline characteristics or in short-term and long-term outcomes.There is no clear indication of any benefit or harm in managing CABG patients with PAC. However, use of PAC in CABG is more expensive. That is, PAC use increased costs without benefit and thus appears unjustified for routine use in CABG surgery.

  14. United Kingdom Carotid Artery Stent Registry: Short- and Long-Term Outcomes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goode, S. D., E-mail: s.goode@sheffield.ac.uk; Cleveland, T. J.; Gaines, P. A. [Northern General Hospital, Sheffield Vascular Institute (United Kingdom)

    2013-10-15

    Background: Carotid artery stenting (CAS) has evolved to treat carotid artery disease with the intention of prevent stroke. The British Society of Interventional Radiologists developed a voluntary registry to monitor the practice of this novel procedure. We present the data from the United Kingdom (UK) CAS registry for short and long-term outcomes for symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid disease. Methods: The UK CAS registry collected data from 1998 to 2010 from 31 hospitals across the UK for 1,154 patients. All interventions were enrolled in the registry for both asymptomatic and symptomatic patients. Initial entry forms were completed for each patient entered with data including indications, demographic data, CAS data (including stents and protection device details) and 30-day outcomes. Complications were documented. Follow-up data were collected at yearly intervals. Results: Nine hundred fifty-three (83 %) symptomatic and 201 (17 %) asymptomatic patients were enrolled into the registry. The 30-day all stroke and death rates for symptomatic patients were 5.5 and 2.2 % for those with asymptomatic disease. The 30-day mortality rate was 1.7 % for symptomatic and 0.6 % for asymptomatic patients. For symptomatic patients undergoing CAS, the 7-year all-cause mortality rate was 22.2 % and for asymptomatic patients 18.1 %. The 7-year all-cause mortality and disabling stroke rates were 25.3 and 19.4 %, respectively. Conclusion: These data indicate that outside of the tight constraints of a randomised trial, CAS provides effective prophylaxis against stroke and death.

  15. Haemodynamic evaluation of carotid artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sillesen, H; Schroeder, T

    Cerebral ischaemia in the region of an internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis may be caused by embolism or cerebral hypoperfusion. A severe ICA stenosis may be well compensated by collateral blood supply, however, in some patients the capacity of the collateral blood supply is insufficient. Studies...

  16. Self-responsibility predicts the successful outcome of coronary artery bypass surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. J. Eales

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This study was designed to determine whetherthe acceptance of self-responsibility is an important determinant of the successful outcome of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG surgery. The success of this costly intervention may be limited unless patients understand and adhere to the prescribed medical regimen, including diet and exercise after surgery. Patients suffering from chronic diseases must take charge of their own health and not abrogate that responsibility to the care providers.Method: Questionnaires were designed to determine aspects of improved quality of life and self-responsibility. For the study, 73 patients who had undergone CABG surgery were selected from surgical patients in the private as well as the public sector. In order to assess the acceptance of self-responsibility, the spouses/care-givers of the patients were included in the study. Patients were interviewed during the first few days after the operation when they had returned to the wards and again six months and 12 months later. Successful outcome was measured in terms of improved quality of life using the criteria suggested by the Coronary Artery Surgery Study (Coronary Artery Surgical Study PrincipalInvestigators, 1983. The acceptance of self-responsibility was then investigated as a possible factor influencing the improvement of the quality of life of these patients.Results: The acceptance of self-responsibility was a significant factor predicting the successful outcome of CABG surgery in the group of patients who achieved an improved quality of life following surgery (p<0.01. From the results of this study, a profile of South African patients with improved quality of life was identified. They are: Men, married, annual income > R50 000 (US $8 000, who had a normal sex-life prior to the operation.  They differ significantly from the group without an improved quality of life in the following aspects: they spend more hours participating in sport at school (p=0

  17. Association between retinal artery lesions and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Wen; Xu, Hongtao; Yu, Xiaohong; Wang, Yuzhu

    2015-01-01

    Objective Retinal artery lesions have been reported to be a risk marker of morbidity and mortality for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in various study populations. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is also a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, the relationship between retinal artery lesions and NAFLD is less certain. Methods Data were obtained from 2,454 patients who attended their annual health examination (2,143 males and 311 females, aged 62.34 ± 10.03 year...

  18. Dietary antioxidants and peripheral arterial disease : the Rotterdam Study

    OpenAIRE

    Klipstein-Grobusch, Kerstin; Breeijen, J.H.; Grobbee, Diederick; Boeing, H.; Witteman, Jacqueline; Hofman, Albert

    2001-01-01

    textabstractThis study examined cross-sectionally the association of dietary beta-carotene, vitamin C, and vitamin E with peripheral arterial disease in Rotterdam, the Netherlands (1990--1993). The 4,367 subjects from the Rotterdam Study were aged 55--94 years and had no previous cardiovascular disease at baseline. Diet was assessed with a food frequency questionnaire. Peripheral arterial disease was defined as an ankle-arm systolic blood pressure index (AAI) of < or = 0.9 and was present in ...

  19. Radiation for not-so-benign coronary artery disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The role of radiation therapy in the treatment of malignant disease has long been accepted. More limited application of radiation in the treatment of benign conditions has been proven but generally not pursued. On the centennial anniversary of radiation therapy, a promising, but as yet unproved, application of radiation for treatment of benign vascular disease has become an exciting field of research, speculation, and controversy. This panel presentation will discuss the rationales and dilemmas of applying radiation in the prevention of arterial restenosis after therapeutic intervention. Coronary artery bypass grafting and more recently coronary angioplasty have become accepted, effective therapies to reverse significant coronary stenosis, and thereby benefit the majority of patients with coronary artery disease. However, a large proportion of patients will suffer restenosis in spite of optimal conventional therapy. The search for a means to prevent such restenosis has been partially successful by therapies, and even engineering intravascular devices. In spite of these efforts, a significant number of patients will fail today's conventional therapy and suffer arterial restenosis. Fibroblast myointimal proliferation is felt to be a major element in this restenosis process. Clinical experience shows that radiation inhibits other similar benign fibroblast proliferative processes such as keloid scar formation and heterotopic ossification. Radiation is now being considered as a means to inhibit myointimal fibroblast proliferation and hopefully prevent attendant arterial restenosis as well. This has catalyzed various animal model investigations that have shown significant arteries. Promising results in the animal model and in very early human institutional trials. These trials are designed to determine if radiation is truly effective and can be safely delivered to prevent restenosis in diseased human arteries. This panel discussion will provide a firm basic science and

  20. Molecular mediators linking stroke and carotid artery disease

    OpenAIRE

    Nuotio, Krista

    2007-01-01

    Carotid artery disease is the most prevalent etiologic precursor of ischemic stroke, which is a major health hazard and the second most common cause of death in the world. If a patient presents with a symptomatic high-grade (>70%) stenosis in the internal carotid artery, the treatment of choice is carotid endarterectomy. However, the natural course of radiologically equivalent carotid lesions may be clinically quite diverse, and the reason for that is unknown. It would be of utmost importance...

  1. Correlation between plasma renalase level and coronary artery disease

    OpenAIRE

    He, Benhong; Hao, Jianjun; Sheng, Weiwei; XIANG, YUANCAI; Zhang, Jiemei; Zhu, Hao; TIAN, JINGCHENG; Zhu, Xu; Feng, Yunxia

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To explore the correlation between the plasma renalase level of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients and the degree of coronary artery stenosis. Methods: A total of 180 patients who received coronary angiography in our hospitals from August 2013 to October 2013 were selected as the CAD group, of which 164 were finally diagnosed as CAD. Another 140 healthy subjects were selected as the control group. The plasma renalase levels of the two groups were detected by ELISA to analyze CA...

  2. [Advances in Genomics Studies for Coronary Artery Disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ying; Zhu, Hui-juan; Zeng, Yong

    2015-08-01

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the major life-threatening diseases. In addition to traditional risk factors including age, sex, smoking, hypertension,and diabetes, genomic studies have shown that CAD has obvious genetic predisposition. In recent years, the rapid advances in genomics shed new light on early diagnosis, risk stratification and new treatment targets. PMID:26564468

  3. Non-congenital heart disease associated pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension

    OpenAIRE

    Ivy, D. D.; Feinstein, J.A.; Humpl, T; Rosenzweig, E.B.

    2009-01-01

    Recognition of causes of pulmonary hypertension other than congenital heart disease is increasing in children. Diagnosis and treatment of any underlying cause of pulmonary hypertension is crucial for optimal management of pulmonary hypertension. This article discusses the available knowledge regarding several disorders associated with pulmonary hypertension in children: idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH), pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis, pulmonary veno-occlusive disease, he...

  4. Prognosis of unprotected left main coronary artery stenting and the factors affecting the outcomes in Chinese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Background The long term prognosis of unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenting is controversial This study was conducted to evaluate the immediate and long term outcomes of LMCA stenting in Chinese patients and to determine which factors affect the outcomes. Methods From May 1997 to March 2003,224 patients in 23 hospitals underwent elective unprotected LMCA stenting with bare metal stents. Their clinical records were analysed to ascertain immediate and long term outcomes of LMCA stenting as well as factors influencing the prognosis .Results Stents were implanted into LMCA successfully in 223 cases (99.6 %). One death (0.5%) and one case of non-Q wave nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI) occurred in hospital. The mean follow-up time was (15.6±12.3) months. Cardiac death developed in 10 cases (4.5%), noncardiac death in 2 cases (0.9%), nonfatal MI in 4 cases (1.8%), target lesion revascularization (TLR) of LMCA in 26 cases (11.7%) and TLR of nonLMCA in 37 cases (16.5%). Univariate analysis showed that cardiac death correlated with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF < 40%), female gender and LMCA combined with multivessel disease; that major adverse cardiac events (MACE) correlated with LVEF < 40%, bifurcation lesion and incomplete revascularization. Logistic regression analysis revealed that LVEF < 40% and female gender were independent predictors of cardiac death and MACE. Follow-up angiography was performed in 102 cases (45.7%). The restenosis rate was 31.4%. Conclusions Long-term outcomes of stenting for selected patients with unprotected LMCA stenosis is acceptable. It should be performed in inoperable or low risk patients with LVEF ≥ 40% and isolated LMCA disease or LMCA combined with multivessel diseases in whom complete revascularization can be obtained.

  5. Hydroxychloroquine, a promising choice for coronary artery disease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Lizhe; Liu, Mengping; Li, Ruifeng; Zhao, Qiang; Liu, Junhui; Yang, Yanjie; Zhang, Lisha; Bai, Xiaofang; Wei, Yuanyuan; Ma, Qiangqiang; Zhou, Juan; Yuan, Zuyi; Wu, Yue

    2016-08-01

    Coronary artery disease is a common disease that seriously threaten the health of more than 150 million people per year. Atherosclerosis is considered to be the main cause of coronary artery disease which begins with damage or injury to the inner layer of a coronary artery, sometimes as early as childhood. The damage may be caused by various factors, including: smoking, high blood pressure, hypercholesterolemia, sedentary lifestyle, diabetes and insulin resistance. Once a coronary artery disease has developed, all patients need to be treated with long term standard treatment, including heart-healthy lifestyle changes, medicines, and medical procedures or surgery. Hydroxychloroquine, an original antimalarial drug, prevents inflammation caused by lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. It is relatively safe and well-tolerated during the treatment. Since atherosclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis have resemble mechanism and increasing clinical researches confirm that hydroxychloroquine has an important role in both anti-rheumatoid arthritis and cardiovascular protection (such as anti-platelet, anti-thrombotic, lipid-regulating, anti-hypertension, hypoglycemia, and so on), we hypothesize that hydroxychloroquine might be a promising choice to coronary artery disease patients for its multiple benefits. PMID:27372847

  6. Helicobacter pylori:Does it add to risk of coronary artery disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Vishal; Sharma; Amitesh; Aggarwal

    2015-01-01

    Helicobacter pylori(H. pylori) is a known pathogen implicated in genesis of gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, gastric carcinoma and gastric lymphoma. Beyond the stomach, the organism has also been implicated in the causation of immune thrombocytopenia and iron deficiency anemia. Although an area of active clinical research, the role of this gram negative organism in causation of atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease(CAD) remains enigmatic. CAD is a multifactorial disease which results from the atherosclerosis involving coronaryarteries. The major risk factors include age, diabetes mellitus, smoking, hypertension and dyslipidemia. The risk of coronary artery disease is believed to increase with chronic inflammation. Various organisms like Chlamydia and Helicobacter have been suspected to have a role in genesis of atherosclerosis via causation of chronic inflammation. This paper focuses on available evidence to ascertain if the role of H. pylori in CAD causation has been proven beyond doubt and if eradication may reduce the risk of CAD or improve outcomes in these patients.

  7. Value of electrocardiogram in predialytic chronic kidney disease patient without known coronary artery disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dutta PK, Das S

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Chronic Kidney disease (CKD is a pressing public health burden occurring in about 10% of the population. The majority of them die before reaching End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD due to cardiovascular disease (CVD. Hypertension (HTN and anaemia are two reversible factors for progression of CKD. Besides asymptomatic coronary artery disease, the electrolyte abnormalities such as hyperkalaemia and hypocalcaemia also subject these patients to sudden cardiac death. This study is aimed at to see the changes in electrocardiogram (ECG in hospitalized predialytic CKD patients due to these abnormalities. Methods: This is a 6 months cross-sectional study carried out at Chittagong Medical College Hospital in Chittagong, Bangladesh. 50 patients with stages 3, 4 and 5 CKD were recruited from the Nephrology and Medicine wards. Patients with prior history of coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, valvular heart disease and dialysis were excluded. All had their standard 12–lead electrocardiogram (ECG recorded and various findings were critically studied and interpreted independently by two consultant physicians including a cardiologist. Data analysis was done using SPSS version 19. Results: LVH (left ventricular hypertrophy (66%, LAE (left atrial enlargement (30% and unrecognized myocardial infarction (28% were very common ECG abnormalities in our predialytic CKD patients. HTN, anaemia, late presentation, and male gender appear to be associated with ECG abnormalities. Though 28 patients (56% were hyperkalaemic only 9 patients (38% of them had tall tented T wave in ECG. Conclusion: Detection of HTN and anaemia in male predialytic CKD patients will arouse suspicion which will help in early detection of cardiac outcome by ECG abnormality which will help in taking treatment strategy in resource limited country.

  8. Suboptimal use of risk reduction therapy in peripheral arterial disease patients at a major teaching hospital

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Current evidence suggests that modification of atherosclerosis risk factors plays an important role in reducing adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). This study was undertaken to determine whether patients in this high-risk group were adequately using risk factor modification therapy. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective study of consecutive patients with PAD from a teaching hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The collected data ...

  9. Interleukin-18 Gene Polymorphism in Patients with and without Atherosclerotic Coronary Artery Disease

    OpenAIRE

    A Ghaderi; Erfani, N.; MR Haghshenas; MJ ZibaeeNezhad; AR Abdi; Shayan, S.

    2009-01-01

    Background:Several studies have revealed that inflammation plays an important role in development of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) and its other manifestations. IL-18 is a pleiotropic cytokine that enhances Th1( T helper 1) or Th2( T helper 2) immune response depending on its cytokine milieu and genetic background. It strongly induces formation of plaques in patients with CAD. Variations in the IL-18 gene found to influence both levels of IL-18 and clinical outcomes in individuals with histor...

  10. Surgical infrainguinal revascularization for peripheral arterial disease: factors affecting patency rate

    OpenAIRE

    Jafarian, Ali; Elyasinia, Fezzeh; Keramati, Mohammad Reza; Ahmadi, Farham; Parsaei, Reza

    2015-01-01

    Background: Peripheral arterial disease is a source of morbidity and mortality. Surgical vascular reconstruction is a treatment option but probability of failure and complications are important concerns. In this study, we evaluated outcome of surgical infrainguinal reconstruction and factors affecting graft patency for a period of one year. Methods: In this cohort study, 85 consecutive patients with chronic ischemia who underwent lower extremity surgical vascular reconstruction (including 52 ...

  11. Comparison of hybrid procedure and open surgical revascularization for multilevel infrainguinal arterial occlusive disease

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou M; Huang D; Liu C; Liu Z.; Zhang M; Qiao T; Liu CJ

    2014-01-01

    Min Zhou, Dian Huang, Chen Liu, Zhao Liu, Min Zhang, Tong Qiao, Chang-Jian Liu Department of Vascular Surgery, Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China Objective: To compare outcomes of hybrid (combined surgical and endovascular) procedures (HYBRID) with open surgical reconstructions (OPEN) in patients with multilevel infrainguinal artery occlusive diseases. Design: Case series study with retrospective analysis of pro...

  12. Carotid artery disease : plaque features and vulnerability

    OpenAIRE

    Jashari, Fisnik

    2015-01-01

    Background: Atherosclerosis is an important cause of stroke. Ultrasound offers the convenience of real-time and detailed assessment of carotid plaque features as well as arterial wall thickening and composition. Evaluation of these features is important for determining patients’ risk of suffering vascular events and also contributes to selecting the best treatment strategy. Methods: Using ultrasound data analysis we have determined plaque features in the bifurcation and internal carotid arter...

  13. Haemodynamic evaluation of carotid artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sillesen, H; Schroeder, T

    1989-01-01

    Cerebral ischaemia in the region of an internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis may be caused by embolism or cerebral hypoperfusion. A severe ICA stenosis may be well compensated by collateral blood supply, however, in some patients the capacity of the collateral blood supply is insufficient. Studi...... orthograde flow any severe pressure reduction may be ruled out. In cases of inverted flow, analysis of distal ICA waveforms may identify patients with severe reduction in ICA perfusion pressure....

  14. Gene expression patterns in peripheral blood correlate with the extent of coronary artery disease.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter R Sinnaeve

    Full Text Available Systemic and local inflammation plays a prominent role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, but the relationship of whole blood gene expression changes with coronary disease remains unclear. We have investigated whether gene expression patterns in peripheral blood correlate with the severity of coronary disease and whether these patterns correlate with the extent of atherosclerosis in the vascular wall. Patients were selected according to their coronary artery disease index (CADi, a validated angiographical measure of the extent of coronary atherosclerosis that correlates with outcome. RNA was extracted from blood of 120 patients with at least a stenosis greater than 50% (CADi > or = 23 and from 121 controls without evidence of coronary stenosis (CADi = 0. 160 individual genes were found to correlate with CADi (rho > 0.2, P<0.003. Prominent differential expression was observed especially in genes involved in cell growth, apoptosis and inflammation. Using these 160 genes, a partial least squares multivariate regression model resulted in a highly predictive model (r(2 = 0.776, P<0.0001. The expression pattern of these 160 genes in aortic tissue also predicted the severity of atherosclerosis in human aortas, showing that peripheral blood gene expression associated with coronary atherosclerosis mirrors gene expression changes in atherosclerotic arteries. In conclusion, the simultaneous expression pattern of 160 genes in whole blood correlates with the severity of coronary artery disease and mirrors expression changes in the atherosclerotic vascular wall.

  15. Intra-arterial infusion of prostaglandin EI in Buerger's disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Buerger's disease, arterial occlusion is so peripheral that reopening procedure such as reconstructive vascular surgery, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and local fibrinolysis are not feasible, and major amputation is the only alternative. Prostaglandin E1, a potent vasodilator and inhibitor of platelet aggregation, has been used to treat the patients with severe arterial occlusive disease. In three cases of Buerger's disease, who are manifested by resting pain, non-healing ischemic ulcer, or impending gangrene and who were not candidates for direct arterial reconstructive procedure, we infused Prostaglandin El intraarterially at a fixed dosage to evaluate its effectiveness. We report our experience with the use of this drug in relieving the ischemic symptoms, healing the intractable ulcer, or avoiding the major amputation

  16. Drug-Coated Balloons for Infrainguinal Peripheral Artery Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sethi, Sanjum S; Lee, Michael S

    2016-07-01

    Revascularization of infrainguinal peripheral artery disease has traditionally been accomplished via percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. However, long-term results have been hampered by high rates of restenosis. Along with the advent of stents, paclitaxel-coated balloons are an emerging therapeutic option for the invasive management of infrainguinal peripheral artery disease. Paclitaxel has been successful in inhibiting neointimal hyperplasia, the main mechanism for in-stent restenosis. Technological advances have facilitated the development of paclitaxel-coated balloons, which show promise in early trials for femoropopliteal stenosis relative to uncoated balloons. For infrapopliteal stenoses, the data remain scant and conflicted. Therefore, large-scale randomized clinical trials with long-term follow-up evaluating safety and effectiveness between various strategies need to be performed to determine the optimal invasive management strategy for infrainguinal peripheral artery disease. PMID:27342205

  17. “Obesity paradox” in coronary artery disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ibrahim; Akin; Christoph; A; Nienaber

    2015-01-01

    Obesity used to be among the more neglected public health problems, but has unfolded as a growing medical and socioeconomic burden of epidemic proportions. Morbid obesity is linked to traditional cardiovascular risk factors like, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes, and suspected to incur increased morbidity and mortality in the Western and even third world populations. This patient cohort is also at greater risk to develop coronary artery disease. Recent population-based registries revealed that 43% and 24% of all cases of coronary revascularization were carried out in overweight and obese patients, respectively. However, despite evidence of a positive correlation between obesity and increased cardiovascular morbidity, some authors have described a better clinical outcome in overweight and obese patients, a phenomenon they coined "obesity paradoxon". Thus, there is an ongoing debate in light of conflicting data and the possibility of confounding bias causing misconception and challenging the "obesity paradox". In this review article we present the current evidence and throughly discuss the validity of the "obesity paradoxon" in a variety of clinical settings.

  18. Changing demographics of pulmonary arterial hypertension in congenital heart disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B.J.M. Mulder

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH is a serious complication of congenital heart disease (CHD. Without early surgical repair, around one-third of paediatric CHD patients develop significant PAH. Recent data from the Netherlands suggest that >4% of adult CHD patients have PAH, with higher rates in those with septal defects. A spectrum of cardiac defects is associated with PAH-CHD, although most cases develop as a consequence of large systemic-to-pulmonary shunts. Eisenmenger's syndrome, characterised by reversed pulmonary-to-systemic (right-to-left shunt, represents the most advanced form of PAH-CHD and affects as many as 50% of those with PAH and left-to-right shunts. It is associated with the poorest outcome among patients with PAH-CHD. 40 yrs ago, ∼50% of children with CHD requiring intervention died within the first year, and <15% survived to adulthood. Subsequent advances in paediatric cardiology have seen most patients with CHD survive to adulthood, with resulting shifts in the demographics of CHD and PAH-CHD. The number of adults presenting with CHD is increasing and, although mortality is decreasing, morbidity is increasing as older patients are at increased risk of arrhythmia, heart failure, valve regurgitation and PAH. Data show that probability of PAH increases with age in patients with cardiac defects.

  19. Oral Health and Coronary Artery Disease, A Review Article

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Rostami

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke. Various risk factors have been identified for atherosclerosis. Recently, bacterial and viral organisms, which are involved in chronic inflammatory processes, have been also implicated in atherosclerosis development. Individuals with a prior history of periodontal diseases and/or tooth loss are considered to be at a higher risk for peripheral arterial disease, compared to those without periodontal diseases or tooth loss. Evidence suggests that periodontitis contributes to the overall burden of infection and inflammation and may lead to cardiovascular events and stroke in susceptible patients. In this article, we aimed to review the available data on the relationship between periodontal diseases and cardiovascular diseases, especially coronary artery disease. At least sixty papers were reviewed during 2014-15. Of these, 44 were included in our study.

  20. Relationship of daily arterial blood pressure monitoring readings and arterial stiffness profile in male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease combined with arterial hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karoli N.A.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to determine correlation between arterial blood pressure daily rhythm and daily profile of arterial stiffness in male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD and arterial hypertension. Materials et methods: Prospective investigation comprised 45 male patients with COPD and arterial hypertension. Individuals of 40 years younger and 80 years elder, patients with diabetes, stroke, angina pectoris, or heart infarction, vascular diseases, and exacerbation of chronic disease, bronchial and pulmonary diseases of other etiology were excluded from the analyses. Comparison group included 47 patients with essential arterial hypertension and without chronic respiratory diseases closely similar on general parameters with patients from main clinical series. Twenty-four-hour arterial blood pressure monitoring (ABPM and daily arterial stiffness monitoring were performed using BPLab® MnSDP-2 apparatus (Petr Telegin, Russian Federation. Results: Patients with COPD combined with arterial hypertension with raised arterial stiffness measures prevail over individuals in essential hypertension group. There is pathological alteration of the ABPM circadian rhythm and raised «Pressure load» values in raised arterial stiffness group. Conclusion: We found ABPM raised parameters in patients with COPD and arterial hypertension. It confirms necessity of ABPM in daily arterial stiffness assessment in patients with COPD.

  1. Medical treatment of peripheral arterial disease in the elderly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Smoking should be stopped and hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and hypothyroidism be treated in elderly patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Statins reduce the incidence of intermittent claudication and improve exercise duration until the onset of intermittent claudication in persons with PAD and hypercholesterolemia. Antiplatelet drugs such as aspirin or clopidogrel, especially clopidogrel, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, and statins should be given to all persons with PAD. Beta blockers should be given if coronary artery disease is present. Exercise rehabilitation programs and cilostazol lengthen exercise time until intermittent claudication develops. Chelation therapy should be avoided.

  2. Ivabradine in stable coronary artery disease without clinical heart failure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fox, Kim; Ford, Ian; Steg, Philippe Gabriel; Tardif, Jean-Claude; Tendera, Michal; Ferrari, Roberto; Jeppesen, Jørgen Lykke

    2014-01-01

    minute or more. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of ivabradine, added to standard background therapy, in 19,102 patients who had both stable coronary artery disease without clinical heart failure and a heart rate of 70 beats per minute or more (including 12...... those without activity-limiting angina (P=0.02 for interaction). The incidence of bradycardia was higher with ivabradine than with placebo (18.0% vs. 2.3%, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients who had stable coronary artery disease without clinical heart failure, the addition of ivabradine to standard...

  3. Outcome in cystic fibrosis liver disease.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Rowland, Marion

    2011-01-01

    Evidence suggests that cystic fibrosis liver disease (CFLD) does not affect mortality or morbidity in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). The importance of gender and age in outcome in CF makes selection of an appropriate comparison group central to the interpretation of any differences in mortality and morbidity in patients with CFLD.

  4. Peripheral Arterial Disease Study (PERART): Prevalence and predictive values of asymptomatic peripheral arterial occlusive disease related to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality

    OpenAIRE

    Bundó Magda; Llussà Judith; Albaladejo Carlos; Reina María; Pera Guillem; Vicheto Marisa; Toran Pere; Forés Rosa; Sorribes Marta; Baena-Díez José; Alzamora María; Sancho Amparo; Heras Antonio; Rubiés Joan; Arenillas Juan

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background The early diagnosis of atherosclerotic disease is essential for developing preventive strategies in populations at high risk and acting when the disease is still asymptomatic. A low ankle-arm index (AAI) is a good marker of vascular events and may be diminished without presenting symptomatology (silent peripheral arterial disease). The aim of the PERART study (PERipheral ARTerial disease) is to determine the prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (both silent and sympto...

  5. Dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound and transient arterial occlusion for quantification of arterial perfusion reserve in peripheral arterial disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amarteifio, E., E-mail: erick.amarteifio@med.uni-heidelberg.de [University Hospital of Heidelberg, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Heidelberg (Germany); Department of Radiology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg (Germany); Wormsbecher, S. [University Hospital of Heidelberg, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Heidelberg (Germany); Department of Radiology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg (Germany); Krix, M. [University Hospital of Heidelberg, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Heidelberg (Germany); Department of Radiology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg (Germany); Bracco Imaging Germany, Konstanz (Germany); Demirel, S. [University Hospital of Heidelberg, Department of Vascular Surgery, Heidelberg (Germany); Braun, S. [Department of Biostatistics, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg (Germany); Delorme, S. [Department of Radiology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg (Germany); Boeckler, D. [University Hospital of Heidelberg, Department of Vascular Surgery, Heidelberg (Germany); Kauczor, H.-U. [University Hospital of Heidelberg, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Heidelberg (Germany); Weber, M.-A. [University Hospital of Heidelberg, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Heidelberg (Germany); Department of Radiology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg (Germany)

    2012-11-15

    Objective: To quantify muscular micro-perfusion and arterial perfusion reserve in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) with dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and transient arterial occlusion. Materials and methods: This study had local institutional review board approval and written informed consent was obtained from all subjects. We examined the dominant lower leg of 40 PAD Fontaine stage IIb patients (mean age, 65 years) and 40 healthy volunteers (mean age, 54 years) with CEUS (7 MHz; MI, 0.28) during continuous intravenous infusion of 4.8 mL microbubbles. Transient arterial occlusion at mid-thigh level simulated physical exercise. With time-CEUS-intensity curves obtained from regions of interest within calf muscles, we derived the maximum CEUS signal after occlusion (max) and its time (t{sub max}), slope to maximum (m), vascular response after occlusion (AUC{sub post}), and analysed accuracy, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, and correlations with ankle-brachial index (ABI) and walking distance. Results: All parameters differed in PAD and volunteers (p < 0.014). In PAD, t{sub max} was delayed (31.2 {+-} 13.6 vs. 16.7 {+-} 8.5 s, p < 0.0001) and negatively correlated with ankle-brachial-index (r = -0.65). m was decreased in PAD (4.3 {+-} 4.6 mL/s vs. 13.1 {+-} 8.4 mL/s, p < 0.0001) and had highest diagnostic accuracy (sensitivity/specificity, 75%/93%) for detection of diminished muscular micro-perfusion in PAD (cut-off value, m < 5{approx}mL/s). Discriminant analysis and ROC curves revealed m, and AUC{sub post} as optimal parameter combination for diagnosing PAD and therefore impaired arterial perfusion reserve. Conclusions: Dynamic CEUS with transient arterial occlusion quantifies muscular micro-perfusion and arterial perfusion reserve. The technique is accurate to diagnose PAD.

  6. Peripheral arterial disease: implications beyond the peripheral circulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paraskevas, Kosmas I; Mukherjee, Debabrata; Whayne, Thomas F

    2013-11-01

    Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) affects a considerable percentage of the population. The manifestations of this disease are not always clinically overt. As a result, PAD remains underdiagnosed and undertreated. PAD is not just a disease of the peripheral arteries, but also an indication of generalized vascular atherosclerosis. PAD patients also have a high prevalence of other arterial diseases, such as coronary/carotid artery disease and abdominal aortic aneurysms. PAD is also a predictor of increased risk of lung and other cancers. The most often used examination for the establishment of the diagnosis of PAD, the ankle-brachial pressure index (ABPI), is also a predictor of generalized atherosclerosis, future cardiovascular events and cardiovascular mortality. Several markers that have been linked with PAD (e.g. C-reactive protein, serum bilirubin levels) may also have predictive value for other conditions besides PAD (e.g. kidney dysfunction). The management of PAD should therefore not be restricted to the peripheral circulation but should include measurements to manage and decrease the systemic atherosclerotic burden of the patient. PMID:23221278

  7. Cardiac and pulmonary artery mensuration in feline heartworm disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A retrospective study was undertaken to quantify thoracic radiographic changes in cats with heartworm diseases, (Dirofilaria immitis). Using a blinded study format, the cardiac silhouette, thoracic cavity and pulmonary arteries were measured from thoracic radiographs of 21 cats with feline heartworm disease and 30 cats without known cardiac or pulmonary vessel pathology. Measured data were normalized to the thoracic cavity or bony structures within the radiographic field of view. The measurements were compared between the two groups of cats using an unpaired, two-tailed Student's t-test, with a p value of < 0.05 being considered significant. Cats with feline heartworm disease had enlargement of the craniocaudal aspect of the cardiac silhouette and normalized cardiac:thoracic ratio (p < 0.05) on the lateral view. Also, there was significant enlargement of the central and peripheral caudal lobar pulmonary arteries and their normalized ratios (p < 0.05) in the heartworm infected cats as visualized on the ventrodorsal projection. Tortuosity of the pulmonary arteries was seen in three of the 21 infected cats. Eleven of the 21 cats with feline heartworm disease had pulmonary parenchymal changes. Based on the present study, central and peripheral pulmonary artery enlargement as viewed on the ventrodorsal radiograph was the single best radiographic indicator of feline heartworm disease

  8. Lumbar and iliac artery aneurysms in Menkes' disease: endovascular cover stent treatment of the lumbar artery aneurysm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report lumbar and iliac artery aneurysms in a 3-month-old boy with Menkes' disease. The iliac artery aneurysm thrombosed spontaneously, documented by follow-up colour Doppler sonography. The lumbar artery aneurysm was successfully treated using a cover stent. There was no filling of the lumbar artery aneurysm and no stenosis of the cover stent during the 9-month follow-up. (orig.)

  9. Maggot Debridement Therapy for Peripheral Arterial Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Igari, Kimihiro; Toyofuku, Takahiro; Uchiyama, Hidetoshi; Koizumi, Shinya; Yonekura, Koji; Kudo, Toshifumi; Jibiki, Masatoshi; Sugano, Norihide; Inoue, Yoshinori

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Maggots are potent debriding agents capable of removing necrotic tissue and slough; however, it is still unclear which wounds are most likely to benefit from maggot debridement therapy (MDT). Thus, we performed this retrospective review to gain insight into the patient and therapy characteristics influencing outcome.

  10. How Is Carotid Artery Disease Treated?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... disease from getting worse and to prevent a stroke. Your treatment will depend on your symptoms, how severe the ... have: Diabetes Heart disease or have had a stroke High LDL cholesterol levels Doctors may discuss beginning statin treatment with those who have an elevated risk for ...

  11. Correlation between obstructive coronary artery disease and electron beam tomography coronary artery calcium scan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the correlation between obstructive coronary artery disease and electron beam tomography coronary artery calcium(EBT CAC) scan and to measure the difference in calcium score according to symptoms. Materials and Methods : Fifty-six patients underwent EBT CAC scanning and either coronary angiography or stress thallium 201 scanning or the treadmill test. When the results were positive, coronary artery obstructive disease(CAOD) was assumed to be present. The patients were divided into three groups : symptomatic CAOD,asymptomatic CAOD, and asymptomatic non- CAOD; those with a previous history of myocardial ischemia or who showed positive results in any of the three tests relating to typical symptoms of angina were assigned to the symptomatic group. Results : The number of cases assigned to group to group 1,2 and 3 was 19, 16 and 21, respectively; total CAC scores were 571 ± 751, 600 ± 726 293± 401, respectively. The difference in CAC score between asymptomatic CAOD and asymptomatic non- CAOD was not statistically significant(p=0.079) but in asymptomatic CAOD, the score tended to be higher. The CAC score was not different between symptomatic and asymptomatic CAOD(p>0.1). When the CAC threshold was 1, sensitivity was 89% and specificity was 14%;when the threshold was 200, sensitivity was 60% and specificity was 67%. Conclusion : When the EBT CAC score is high, further evaluation provides early evidence of coronary artery obstructive disease

  12. Retrograde catheterization via politeal artery for the treatment of ipsilateral superficial femoral artery occlusive disease: its clinical application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the clinical effect and application of retrograde catheterization via politeal artery in treating ipsilateral superficial femoral artery occlusive diseases. Methods: During the period from Jan. 2008 to June 2011, 15 patients with superficial femoral artery occlusive diseases were collected. A total of 17 narrowed or obstructed superficial femoral arteries were detected, including right (n=10) and left (n=7) femoral arteries. The length of the diseased artery ranged from 9 to 18 cm, with a mean of (12.5±6.8) cm. Percutaneous angioplasty (PTA) through ipsilateral retrograde catheterization via politeal artery together with stent implantation was performed to reopen the narrowed or obstructed superficial femoral arteries. After the procedure all patients were followed up for 3-24 months. The clinical results were analyzed. Results: The therapeutic success rate was 100% (17/17). No serious complications occurred. After the treatment, the ischemic symptoms were markedly improved or even disappeared. In 89.47% of patients (17/19) the superficial femoral arteries remained patent during the follow-up period. The preoperative ankle brachial index (ABI) was 0.15-0.48 (mean 0.28), while the postoperative ABI was 0.69-1.05 (mean 0.88). The difference in ABI between pre-operation and post-operation was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: For the treatment of superficial femoral arterial occlusive diseases, PTA through ipsilateral retrograde catheterization via politeal artery together with stent implantation is a safe effective therapy. (authors)

  13. Risk stratification of patients suspected of coronary artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Møller; Voss, Mette; Hansen, Vibeke B;

    2012-01-01

    To compare the performance of five risk models (Diamond-Forrester, the updated Diamond-Forrester, Morise, Duke, and a new model designated COronary Risk SCORE (CORSCORE) in predicting significant coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with chest pain suggestive of stable angina pectoris....

  14. Laser atherectomy in the treatment of peripheral arterial occlusive disease

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Randula, A.; Thieme, M.; Schwenk, M.; Veverková, L.; Číp, Ondřej; Buchta, Zdeněk

    Elsevier. Vol. 9, Suppl. 1 (2012), S8. ISSN 1572-1000. [Photodiagnostics and Photodynamics Therapy. International Congress. 24.08.2012-29.08.2012, Helsinki] R&D Projects: GA MŠk ED0017/01/01 Institutional support: RVO:68081731 Keywords : excimer pulse laser * peripheral arterial occlusive disease Subject RIV: BH - Optics, Masers, Lasers

  15. SECONDARY PULMONARY ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION IN SYSTEMIC DISEASES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. A. Shostak

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Modern definition of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH as well as data on prevalence and incidence of secondary PAH in systemic disease of connective tissue is presented,  including data of USA, France and Scotland registers. The main chains of pathogenesis, classification approaches, clinical features and diagnostics are described. 

  16. SECONDARY PULMONARY ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION IN SYSTEMIC DISEASES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. A. Shostak

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Modern definition of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH as well as data on prevalence and incidence of secondary PAH in systemic disease of connective tissue is presented,  including data of USA, France and Scotland registers. The main chains of pathogenesis, classification approaches, clinical features and diagnostics are described. 

  17. Spontaneous Superficial Femoral Artery Pseudoaneurysm in Behcet's Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Ugurlucan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Behcet’s disease is an autoimmune multisystemic disorder on vasculitis base. Cardiovascular involvement is the most important predictor of morbidity and mortality. The treatment should be planned carefully for pathologies requiring interventions. In our report, we present a 45-year-old patient with spontaneous superficial femoral artery pseudoaneurysm, our treatment strategy, and circumstances we faced.

  18. Congenital Pulmonary Artery Stenoses Masquerading as Chronic Thromboembolic Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Hemnes, Anna R.; Doyle, Thomas P.; Janssen, Dana; Robbins, Ivan M.

    2009-01-01

    Stenotic pulmonary vascular lesions, often amenable to balloon angioplasty, can erroneously appear to suggest chronic thromboembolic disease on ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) scan. We report a case of multiple peripheral pulmonary artery stenoses and describe radiologic findings and treatment options.

  19. Diagnosis of carotid artery disease by CT scan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Non-invasive methods, such as radioisotope angiography, oculoplethsmography, and ultrasonic Doppler flowmetry, are used for the detection of caroid artery lesion. However, these methods are qualitative, and diagnostic accuracies are inferior to arteriography. On the other hand arterography needs catheterization. So we tried to use CT scan and intravenous contrast enhancement for the diagnosis of carotid artery disease. A CT/T scanner (X-2) was used, which enabled to produce computer reconstruction image of the carotid artery by use of the arrange program. 12 sequential axial images of the neck (between heights of C2 and C5) were obtained before and during infusion of contrast material. Analysis of sequential axial images and reformatted images were obtaned in patients with cerebrovascular disease. Carotid arteriography were made in 53 arteries, lesions with stenosis and/or occlusion were demonstrated in 26/53 arteries. Intravenous CT cartid-angiography revealed lesions with stenosis and/or occlusion in 25/53 arteries. Results of statistical analysis were as follows; overall diagnostic accuracy 52/53 (98%), diag nostic sensitivity 25/26 (96%) and diagnostic specificity 27/27 (100%), respectively. Moreover, intravenous CT carotid-angiography provided following benefits beyond arteriography. 1) Minimal calcification of the carotid wall and precise localisation of atheromatous plaque could be detected. 2) Patent arterial lumen above the occluded lesion could be found out. 3) CT carotid-angiography would be suitable for the follow-up study after carotid endoarterectomy because of the unneccessity of catheterization. 4) Thrombus formation in the internal jugular vein could be grasped. (author)

  20. Arterial Stiffness and Chronic Kidney Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Garnier, Anne-Sophie; Briet, Marie

    2016-01-01

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health concern due to the high prevalence of associated cardiovascular (CV) disease. CV mortality is 10-30 times higher in end-stage renal disease patients than in the age-adjusted general population. The last 20 years have been marked by a huge effort in the characterization of the vascular remodeling process associated with CKD and its consequences on the renal, CV and general prognosis. By comparison with patients with normal renal function, w...

  1. Peripheral arterial disease: Epidemiology, natural history, diagnosis and treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Dhaliwal, Gurbir; Mukherjee, Debabrata

    2007-01-01

    Lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD) affects approximately 10% of the American population, with 30% to 40% of these patients presenting with claudication symptoms. The prevalence of PAD increases with age and the number of vascular risk factors. More importantly, it is a marker of atherosclerotic disease burden, and is associated with increased mortality from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular causes. There have been recent advances in noninvasive imaging, endovascular approaches...

  2. Antioxidant Beverages: Green Tea Intake and Coronary Artery Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Reiko Ohmori; Kazuo Kondo; Yukihiko Momiyama

    2014-01-01

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) is recognized as an inflammatory disease. In the present study, we investigated the effect of green tea consumption on plasma inflammatory markers and the association between green tea consumption and CAD. In 22 healthy volunteers, green tea consumption (7 cups/day) significantly decreased serum malondialdehyde-modified low-density lipoprotein (MDA-LDL) concentrations, whereas green tea consumption tended to decrease plasma C-reactive protein and interleukin (IL)...

  3. Friedreich's Ataxia as a Cause of Premature Coronary Artery Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Giugliano, Gregory R.; Sethi, Prabhdeep S.

    2007-01-01

    Friedreich's ataxia is the most common hereditary neurodegenerative disorder, and more than half of all patients show echocardiographic evidence of cardiomyopathy. Although angina has been reported in these patients, the role of coronary artery disease has previously been dismissed and is therefore underestimated. Premature obstructive coronary disease has rarely been angiographically demonstrated in patients with Friedreich's ataxia. We present an unusual case of a 35-year-old woman with Fri...

  4. Overview of Functional Peripheral Arterial Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 2 Diabetes, Heart Disease a Dangerous Combo Are 'Workaholics' Prone to OCD, Anxiety? ALL NEWS > Resources First ... Test your knowledge What is the most common cause of a heart attack and stroke? Patchy deposits ( ...

  5. Relationship between the arterial calcification detected in mammography and coronary artery disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Topal, Ugur [Department of Radiology, Uludag University, Medical School, Goeruekle Campus, 16059 Bursa (Turkey)], E-mail: utopal@uludag.edu.tr; Kaderli, Aysel [Department of Cardiology, Uludag University, Medical School, Goeruekle Campus, 16059 Bursa (Turkey); Topal, Naile Bolca [Department of Radiology, Uludag University, Medical School, Goeruekle Campus, 16059 Bursa (Turkey); Ozdemir, Buelent; Yesilbursa, Dilek; Cordan, Jale [Department of Cardiology, Uludag University, Medical School, Goeruekle Campus, 16059 Bursa (Turkey); Ediz, Buelent [Department of Statistics, Uludag University, Medical School, Goeruekle Campus, 16059 Bursa (Turkey); Aydinlar, Ali [Department of Cardiology, Uludag University, Medical School, Goeruekle Campus, 16059 Bursa (Turkey)

    2007-09-15

    Objective: Arterial calcification is frequently encountered in mammography. The frequency of breast arterial calcification (BAC) increases with increasing age. Studies have shown that BAC is seen more frequently among the people who are under the risk of coronary artery diseases (CAD) such as diabetes and hypertension. The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between the arterial calcification detected in mammography and the CAD. Material and methods: Screening mammography was performed in 123 women above the age of 40 years who had been examined with coronary angiography for the evaluation of CAD. The presence of BAC, number of affected vessels, and the distribution of calcification in the vessel wall were evaluated in the mammography. Subjects were questioned in terms of the cardiovasculary risk factors. The severity of CAD was evaluated according to the Gensini scoring. In addition, the number of blood vessels with stenosis of more than 50% was used as the vascular score. The correlation between Gensini and the vascular scores, and BAC was statistically evaluated using Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Results: Eighty (65%) of 123 patients had CAD. BAC was detected in the mammography of 49 (39.8%) subjects. The ages and duration of menopause of the cases with BAC were significantly higher than those without BAC (p < 0.001). There was an almost significant correlation between the BAC and Gensini scores (p = 0.059). There was a significant increase in the frequency of BAC among subjects with more than two vessels with stenosis (p = 0.033). Conclusion: Frequency of BAC increases with increasing age. BAC is also frequently seen in subjects having severe coronary artery disease. Although increasing age may be a factor increasing the frequency of BAC, BAC may also be an indicator of CAD. Therefore, the mentioning of arterial calcification in mammography reports may be important in warning the clinician in terms of CAD.

  6. Relationship between the arterial calcification detected in mammography and coronary artery disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: Arterial calcification is frequently encountered in mammography. The frequency of breast arterial calcification (BAC) increases with increasing age. Studies have shown that BAC is seen more frequently among the people who are under the risk of coronary artery diseases (CAD) such as diabetes and hypertension. The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between the arterial calcification detected in mammography and the CAD. Material and methods: Screening mammography was performed in 123 women above the age of 40 years who had been examined with coronary angiography for the evaluation of CAD. The presence of BAC, number of affected vessels, and the distribution of calcification in the vessel wall were evaluated in the mammography. Subjects were questioned in terms of the cardiovasculary risk factors. The severity of CAD was evaluated according to the Gensini scoring. In addition, the number of blood vessels with stenosis of more than 50% was used as the vascular score. The correlation between Gensini and the vascular scores, and BAC was statistically evaluated using Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Results: Eighty (65%) of 123 patients had CAD. BAC was detected in the mammography of 49 (39.8%) subjects. The ages and duration of menopause of the cases with BAC were significantly higher than those without BAC (p < 0.001). There was an almost significant correlation between the BAC and Gensini scores (p = 0.059). There was a significant increase in the frequency of BAC among subjects with more than two vessels with stenosis (p = 0.033). Conclusion: Frequency of BAC increases with increasing age. BAC is also frequently seen in subjects having severe coronary artery disease. Although increasing age may be a factor increasing the frequency of BAC, BAC may also be an indicator of CAD. Therefore, the mentioning of arterial calcification in mammography reports may be important in warning the clinician in terms of CAD

  7. Determinants of arterial stiffness in chronic kidney disease stage 3.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natasha J McIntyre

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Early chronic kidney disease (CKD is associated with increased cardiovascular (CV risk but underlying mechanisms remain uncertain. Arterial stiffness (AS is associated with increased CV risk in advanced CKD, but it is unclear whether AS is relevant to CV disease (CVD in early CKD. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 1717 patients with previous estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR 59-30 mL/min/1.73 m(2; mean age 73±9y, were recruited from 32 general practices in primary care. OUTCOMES: Increased arterial stiffness. MEASUREMENTS: Medical history was obtained and participants underwent clinical assessment, urine and serum biochemistry testing. Carotid to femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV was determined as a measure of AS, using a Vicorder™ device. RESULTS: Univariate analysis revealed significant correlations between PWV and risk factors for CVD including age (r = 0.456; p<0.001, mean arterial pressure (MAP (r = 0.228; p<0.001, body mass index (r = -0.122; p<0.001, log urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (r = 0.124; p<0.001, Waist to Hip ratio (r = 0.124, p<0.001, eGFR (r = -0.074; p = 0.002, log high sensitivity c-reactive protein (r = 0.066; p = 0.006, HDL (r = -0.062; p = 0.01 and total cholesterol (r = -0.057; p = 0.02. PWV was higher in males (9.6 m/sec vs.10.3 m/sec; p<0.001, diabetics (9.8 m/sec vs. 10.3 m/sec; p<0.001, and those with previous CV events (CVE (9.8 m/s vs. 10.3 m/sec; p<0.001. Multivariable analysis identified age, MAP and diabetes as strongest independent determinants of higher PWV (adjusted R² = 0.29. An interactive term indicated that PWV increased to a greater extent with age in males versus females. Albuminuria was a weaker determinant of PWV and eGFR did not enter the model. LIMITATIONS: Data derived from one study visit, with absence of normal controls. CONCLUSION: In this cohort, age and traditional CV risk factors were

  8. Midterm Outcome of Femoral Artery Stenting and Factors Affecting Patency

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Jae Seoung; Park, Keun-Myoung; Jeon, Yong Sun; Cho, Soon Gu; Hong, Kee Chun; Shin, Woo Young; Choe, Yun-Mee; Shin, Seok-Hwan; Kim, Kyung Rae

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the early and midterm results of superficial femoral artery (SFA) stenting with self-expanding nitinol stents and to identify the factors affecting patency. Materials and Methods: SFA stenting was performed in 165 limbs of 117 patients from January 2009 to December 2013. Patients were followed-up for the first occurrence of occlusion or stenosis based on computed tomography and duplex scan results and a decrease in ankle brachial index of >15...

  9. Peripheral artery disease (PAD) screening in the asymptomatic population

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sillesen, Henrik; Falk, Erling

    2011-01-01

    Measurement of ankle-brachial index (ABI) was developed to assess peripheral artery disease (PAD) in patients with symptoms of peripheral ischemia being present at rest or only functionally dependent (intermittent claudication). Reduced ABI is caused by arterial obstruction between the aortic arch....... Measuring ABI identifies asymptomatic persons at increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality: an ABI 25% in people between 80 and 90 years of age. The majority of persons with reduced ABI are asymptomatic and therefore unaware of the increased risk they are living with, thus, screening by...

  10. New perspectives in long-term outcomes in clinical trials of pulmonary arterial hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioana R. Preston

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The past two decades have seen significant improvements in the management of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH. Although outcome has improved, long-term prognosis remains unsatisfactory. The development of new treatment options is clearly important. Equally important is testing new agents in trials designed to provide robust evidence for sustained clinical benefits enabling clinicians to determine the optimal treatment strategy for individual patients. End-points such as the change in 6-min walk distance (6MWD have been pivotal in the registration trials of currently available PAH-specific therapies. However, as current clinical trials enrol patients with milder disease, many already on background therapy, there is growing evidence that change from baseline in 6MWD is a weak surrogate of outcome in PAH. In addition, while short-term trials allowed for the rapid approval of PAH therapies in the past, there is increasing recognition that clinical trials for new agents must provide evidence of long-term benefits. Clinical trials need to evolve to provide the long-term, clinically relevant data required to appropriately assess new therapies. Event-driven long-term morbidity and mortality trials are currently underway, and will provide robust data on the frequency and timing of events, and are likely to reflect the future of clinical trial design in PAH.

  11. Depression and Coronary Artery Disease: The Association, Mechanisms, and Therapeutic Implications

    OpenAIRE

    Khawaja, Imran Shuja; Westermeyer, Joseph J.; Gajwani, Prashant; Feinstein, Robert E.

    2009-01-01

    We performed a comprehensive review of the literature to determine whether or not a relationship between depression and coronary artery disease exists. Our literature search supports the following: Depression and coronary artery disease have a bidirectional relationship, i.e., coronary artery disease can cause depression and depression is an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease and its complications; depression may contribute to sudden cardiac death and increase all causes of c...

  12. The Association of Coronary Artery Calcification and Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness With Distinct, Traditional Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factors in Asymptomatic Adults

    OpenAIRE

    Rampersaud, Evadnie; Bielak, Lawrence F.; Parsa, Afshin; Shen, Haiqing; Post, Wendy; Ryan, Kathleen A.; Donnelly, Patrick; Rumberger, John A.; Sheedy, Patrick F; Peyser, Patricia A.; Shuldiner, Alan R.; Mitchell, Braxton D.

    2008-01-01

    Coronary artery calcification (CAC) and common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) are measures of subclinical vascular disease. This 2000–2006 study aimed to characterize the associations among coronary artery disease risk factors, CAC quantity, and CIMT and to estimate shared genetic and environmental contributions to both CAC and CIMT among 478 asymptomatic Amish adults in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Heritability for CAC quantity and CIMT, adjusted for age and sex, was 0.42 (P...

  13. Premature coronary artery disease in systemic lupus erythematosus with extensive reocclusion following coronary artery bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D Agate, David J; Kokolis, Spyros; Belilos, Elise; Carsons, Steven; Andrieni, Julia; Argyros, Thomas; Glasser, Lynne A; Dangas, George

    2003-03-01

    A 21-year-old woman with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) presented to the emergency room with a chief complaint of substernal chest pain and palpitations. She had undergone a four-vessel coronary artery bypass graft operation with separate saphenous vein grafts to the left anterior descending (LAD), obtuse marginal (OM) 1 and 2, and distal right coronary arteries (RCA) 8 months prior to admission. The patient underwent angiography of the coronary vessels, which showed severe diffuse disease with a long, 90% narrowing of the vein graft to the LAD and closed vein grafts to OM1 and OM2. The RCA graft showed mild diffuse disease. An intervention was done in which the LAD was stented twice with subsequent TIMI 3 flow. Advances in medical therapy and a better understanding of the disease have contributed to a dramatic improvement in the long-term survival of patients with SLE. However, despite the overall long-term improvement, coronary artery disease remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality with an incidence of approximately nine-fold greater than would be expected for this population. PMID:12612393

  14. Comprehensive evaluation of carotid artery disease with MR imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors have combined conventional MR imaging, three-dimensional MR angiographic examinations of the extracranial and intracranial arterial systems, and quantitative blood flow measurements in the carotid arteries, using the RACE (real-time acquisition and evaluation) technique in a single patient examination. RACE is a projective phase technique with a high degree of temporal resolution; thus, it requires no electrocardiographic synchronization and allows the real-time display of flow data. The projectional nature of the data from RACE measurements lends itself to the derivation of actual average volumetric flow rates (in milliliters per minute) by integration of the flow curves for the data columns corresponding to a vessel. The combination of the three techniques can result in a comprehensive noninvasive evaluation of cerebrovascular disorders due to carotid artery disease

  15. Endovascular Intervention in the Treatment of Peripheral Artery Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Couto, Marian; Figueróa, Alejandro; Sotolongo, Antonio; Pérez, Reynerio; Ojeda, José Martinez

    2015-01-01

    Endovascular therapy has emerged as an essential part of the management we can offer patients suffering from peripheral arterial disease. The AHA/ACCF guidelines deemed ballon angioplasty as a reasonable alternative for patients with limb threatening lower extremity ischemia who are not candidates for an autologus venous graft. Endovascular treatment is most useful for the treatment of critical limb ischemia and should ensure adequate proximal flow before engaging in interventions of distal disease.To increase procedure success rate, a thorough diagnostic evaluation is fundamental. This evaluation must take into account amount of calcium, no flow occlusion, length of occlusion, and presence of collaterals. There are different tools and procedure techniques available. Among these are the medicated ballon angioplasty and atherectomy by laser or high-speed drill, among others. Further studies may consolidate endovascular intervention as a safe and effective management for patients with lower extremity arterial disease and possibly cause a change in the actual practice guidelines. PMID:26742196

  16. Coronary Artery Disease in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Seropositive Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barakat, Michael G; Arora, Rohit R

    2016-01-01

    The development of efficient combined antiretroviral therapies has lengthened the mean life span of the population affected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transforming this terminal infection to a chronic yet manageable disease. Nonetheless, patients with HIV--treatment naive or not--exhibit larger risks for coronary artery disease than the noninfected population. Moreover, coronary atherosclerosis/arteriosclerosis may be the most prevalent condition in the HIV-infected population that is being accentuated by the effects of viral agents and the antiretroviral drugs, especially protease inhibitors. Nonetheless, generalized metabolic dysfunctions and premature senescence are often attributed to the viremia caused by the HIV infection directly and primarily. Therefore, a multifactorial approach is to be considered when attempting to explain the strong correlation between HIV and coronary artery disease, including co-opportunistic viremias and vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency. PMID:23797758

  17. Epidemiology, classification, and modifiable risk factors of peripheral arterial disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas W Shammas

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Nicolas W ShammasMidwest Cardiovascular Research Foundation, Cardiovascular Medicine, PC, Davenport, IA, USAAbstract: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD is part of a global vascular problem of diffuse atherosclerosis. PAD patients die mostly of cardiac and cerebrovascular-related events and much less frequently due to obstructive disease of the lower extremities. Aggressive risk factors modification is needed to reduce cardiac mortality in PAD patients. These include smoking cessation, reduction of blood pressure to current guidelines, aggressive low density lipoprotein lowering, losing weight, controlling diabetes and the use of oral antiplatelet drugs such as aspirin or clopidogrel. In addition to quitting smoking and exercise, cilostazol and statins have been shown to reduce claudication in patients with PAD. Patients with critical rest limb ischemia or severe progressive claudication need to be treated with revascularization to minimize the chance of limb loss, reduce symptoms, and improve quality of life.Keywords: peripheral arterial disease, epidemiology, risk factors, classification

  18. Influence of chronic kidney disease on the outcome of patients with chronic total occlusion

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Qing-Bin; Chen, Li-Ming; Min LI; Cui, Yu-Qi; Zhao, Chuan-Yan; Cui, Lian-Qun

    2016-01-01

    Objective: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) predicted a poor prognosis in patients with coronary artery disease. There is a paucity of data on outcomes after revascularization in patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO) and CKD. This study aims to investigate the impact of CKD on the revascularization of CTO. Methods: This study enrolled 1,092 CTO patients received treatments in our hospital between February 2009 and January 2014. Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and al...

  19. Intima-media Thickness and Arterial Stiffness of Carotid Artery in Korean Patients with Behçet's Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Rhee, Moo-Yong; Chang, Hyun Kyu; Kim, Seong-Kyu

    2007-01-01

    Behçet's disease (BD) is a systemic vasculitis involving diverse sizes of arteries and veins. We performed this study to evaluate the vascular changes by assessment of the arterial stiffness and intima-media thickness (IMT) of carotid artery in Korean patients with BD. Forty-one patients with BD and age-, and sex-matched 53 healthy subjects were recruited in this study. Carotid arterial stiffness and IMT were assessed by using high-resolution B-mode ultrasonography. Arterial stiffness paramet...

  20. Modern antiplatelet agents in coronary artery disease.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Power, Rachel F

    2012-10-01

    Dual antiplatelet therapy is well recognized in the prevention of thrombotic complications of acute coronary syndrome and percutaneous coronary interventions. Despite clinical benefits of aspirin and clopidogrel therapy, a number of limitations curtail their efficacy: slow onset of action, variability in platelet inhibitory response and potential drug-drug interactions. Furthermore, the single platelet-activation pathway targeted by these agents allows continued platelet activation via other pathways, ensuring incomplete protection against ischemic events, thus, underscoring the need for alternate antiplatelet treatment strategies. A number of novel antiplatelet agents are currently in advance development and many have established superior effects on platelet inhibition, clinical outcomes and safety profile than clopidogrel in high-risk patients. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the current status of P2Y12 receptor inhibition and PAR-1 antagonists in determining a future strategy for individualized antiplatelet therapy.

  1. Prognosis of non-significant coronary atherosclerotic disease detected by coronary artery tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Introduction: Although studies have shown high diagnostic accuracy of coronary tomography (CT) in detecting coronary artery disease (CAD), data on the prognostic value of this method in patients with no significant coronary obstruction are limited. Objective: To evaluate the value of CT in predicting adverse events in patients with suspected CAD and no significant coronary obstruction. Methods: We prospectively evaluated 440 patients between January 2008 and July 2013 by MDCT, diagnosed with no significant obstruction or no atherosclerotic coronary obstruction with an average follow-up of 33 months. The outcomes evaluated were: cardiac death, myocardial infarction, unstable angina associated with hospitalization or coronary artery bypass grafting. Results: Of the 440 patients studied, 295 (67%) were men with mean age 55.9 ± 12.0 years. Non-significant obstruction was found in 152 (35%) of the patients and there were 49 (11%) outcomes. In the multivariate analysis using the Cox regression model, the predictors of clinical outcomes were non-significant obstruction on CT (hazard ratio 3.51; 95% CI 1.73 - 7.8; p <0.01), age and hypertension. Non-significant obstruction on CT was associated with adverse clinical outcomes and survival analysis showed a significant difference (log-rank 24.6; p <0.01) in predicting these outcomes. Conclusion: The detection of non-significant atherosclerotic obstruction by CT was associated with the presence of adverse events in patients with suspected CAD, which may prove useful in the risk stratification of these patients. (author)

  2. Prognosis of non-significant coronary atherosclerotic disease detected by coronary artery tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barros, Marcio Vinicius Lins; Siqueira, Bruna Pinto; Guimaraes, Carolina Camargos Braichi; Cruz, David Filipe Silva; Guimaraes, Leiziane Assuncao Alves; Lima, Maicom Marcio Perigolo, E-mail: marciovlbarros@gmail.com [Faculdade de Saude e Ecologia Humana, Vespasiano, MG (Brazil); Nunes, Maria do Carmo Pereira [Universidade de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina; Siqueira, Maria Helena Albernaz [Hospital Materdei, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2015-07-15

    Introduction: Although studies have shown high diagnostic accuracy of coronary tomography (CT) in detecting coronary artery disease (CAD), data on the prognostic value of this method in patients with no significant coronary obstruction are limited. Objective: To evaluate the value of CT in predicting adverse events in patients with suspected CAD and no significant coronary obstruction. Methods: We prospectively evaluated 440 patients between January 2008 and July 2013 by MDCT, diagnosed with no significant obstruction or no atherosclerotic coronary obstruction with an average follow-up of 33 months. The outcomes evaluated were: cardiac death, myocardial infarction, unstable angina associated with hospitalization or coronary artery bypass grafting. Results: Of the 440 patients studied, 295 (67%) were men with mean age 55.9 ± 12.0 years. Non-significant obstruction was found in 152 (35%) of the patients and there were 49 (11%) outcomes. In the multivariate analysis using the Cox regression model, the predictors of clinical outcomes were non-significant obstruction on CT (hazard ratio 3.51; 95% CI 1.73 - 7.8; p <0.01), age and hypertension. Non-significant obstruction on CT was associated with adverse clinical outcomes and survival analysis showed a significant difference (log-rank 24.6; p <0.01) in predicting these outcomes. Conclusion: The detection of non-significant atherosclerotic obstruction by CT was associated with the presence of adverse events in patients with suspected CAD, which may prove useful in the risk stratification of these patients. (author)

  3. Steal phenomenon through the anterior communicating artery in Moyamoya disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lim, Soo Mee [Ewha Womans University, Department of Radiology, Mok-dong Hospital, College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea); Chae, Eun Jin; Kim, Min Yeong; Kim, Sang Joon; Choi, Choong Gon; Pyun, Hae Wook; Suh, Dae Chul [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Seoul (Korea); Kim, Jae Kyun [Seoul Veterans Hospital, Department of Radiology, Seoul (Korea); Ahn, Jae Sung; Ra, Young-Shin [University of Ulsan, Asan Medical Center, Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea); Kim, Jong-Uk; Hahm, Kyung Don [University of Ulsan, Asan Medical Center, Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea)

    2007-01-15

    Branch occlusion of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) is regarded as a part of Moyamoya disease. The purpose of this study is to define the ACA steal phenomenon (SP) in Moyamoya disease and to evaluate temporal changes according to the disease progression. From 139 Moyamoya patients we defined ACASP as narrowing of the ipsilateral A1-2 junction while preserving the anterior communicating artery and supplying the contralateral ACA cortical branches with the development of leptomeningeal collaterals by the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery into the hypoperfused ipsilateral ACA territory. Direction of the steal related to the stage in both hemispheres by Suzuki classification was statistically analyzed using the binomial test based on binomial distribution. Follow-ups of ACASP were evaluated in five patients. We identified ACASP in 13 (9%) patients (male:female=7:6, mean age 18 years, range: 2-58 years) of the 139 study patients. The presenting pattern was ischemic in 12 and hemorrhagic in one. The direction of SP occurred from the hemisphere in the lower to the higher stage of Suzuki classification (two-tail P value=0.0002). After revascularization surgery, ACASP disappeared or diminished. ACASP may occur in bilaterally different stages of Moyamoya disease as a transient self-adaptive process. It regresses after revascularization surgery. (orig.)

  4. Association of Peripheral Arterial and Cardiovascular Diseases in Familial Hypercholesterolemia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant genetic disease characterized by an elevation in the serum levels of total cholesterol and of low-density lipoproteins (LDL- c). Known to be closely related to the atherosclerotic process, FH can determine the development of early obstructive lesions in different arterial beds. In this context, FH has also been proposed to be a risk factor for peripheral arterial disease (PAD). This observational cross-sectional study assessed the association of PAD with other manifestations of cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as coronary artery and cerebrovascular disease, in patients with heterozygous FH. The diagnosis of PAD was established by ankle-brachial index (ABI) values ≤ 0.90. This study assessed 202 patients (35% of men) with heterozygous FH (90.6% with LDL receptor mutations), mean age of 51 ± 14 years and total cholesterol levels of 342 ± 86 mg /dL. The prevalences of PAD and previous CVD were 17% and 28.2 %, respectively. On multivariate analysis, an independent association between CVD and the diagnosis of PAD was observed (OR = 2.50; 95% CI: 1.004 - 6.230; p = 0.049). Systematic screening for PAD by use of ABI is feasible to assess patients with FH, and it might indicate an increased risk for CVD. However, further studies are required to determine the role of ABI as a tool to assess the cardiovascular risk of those patients

  5. Association of Peripheral Arterial and Cardiovascular Diseases in Familial Hypercholesterolemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Pereira

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH is an autosomal dominant genetic disease characterized by an elevation in the serum levels of total cholesterol and of low-density lipoproteins (LDL- c. Known to be closely related to the atherosclerotic process, FH can determine the development of early obstructive lesions in different arterial beds. In this context, FH has also been proposed to be a risk factor for peripheral arterial disease (PAD. Objective: This observational cross-sectional study assessed the association of PAD with other manifestations of cardiovascular disease (CVD, such as coronary artery and cerebrovascular disease, in patients with heterozygous FH. Methods: The diagnosis of PAD was established by ankle-brachial index (ABI values ≤ 0.90. This study assessed 202 patients (35% of men with heterozygous FH (90.6% with LDL receptor mutations, mean age of 51 ± 14 years and total cholesterol levels of 342 ± 86 mg /dL. Results: The prevalences of PAD and previous CVD were 17% and 28.2 %, respectively. On multivariate analysis, an independent association between CVD and the diagnosis of PAD was observed (OR = 2.50; 95% CI: 1.004 - 6.230; p = 0.049. Conclusion: Systematic screening for PAD by use of ABI is feasible to assess patients with FH, and it might indicate an increased risk for CVD. However, further studies are required to determine the role of ABI as a tool to assess the cardiovascular risk of those patients.

  6. Association of Peripheral Arterial and Cardiovascular Diseases in Familial Hypercholesterolemia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pereira, Carolina [Instituto do Coração HCFMUSP, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Miname, Marcio [Instituto do Coração HCFMUSP, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Makdisse, Marcia [Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Kalil, Roberto Filho [Instituto do Coração HCFMUSP, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Santos, Raul D., E-mail: rdsf@cardiol.br [Instituto do Coração HCFMUSP, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2014-08-15

    Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant genetic disease characterized by an elevation in the serum levels of total cholesterol and of low-density lipoproteins (LDL- c). Known to be closely related to the atherosclerotic process, FH can determine the development of early obstructive lesions in different arterial beds. In this context, FH has also been proposed to be a risk factor for peripheral arterial disease (PAD). This observational cross-sectional study assessed the association of PAD with other manifestations of cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as coronary artery and cerebrovascular disease, in patients with heterozygous FH. The diagnosis of PAD was established by ankle-brachial index (ABI) values ≤ 0.90. This study assessed 202 patients (35% of men) with heterozygous FH (90.6% with LDL receptor mutations), mean age of 51 ± 14 years and total cholesterol levels of 342 ± 86 mg /dL. The prevalences of PAD and previous CVD were 17% and 28.2 %, respectively. On multivariate analysis, an independent association between CVD and the diagnosis of PAD was observed (OR = 2.50; 95% CI: 1.004 - 6.230; p = 0.049). Systematic screening for PAD by use of ABI is feasible to assess patients with FH, and it might indicate an increased risk for CVD. However, further studies are required to determine the role of ABI as a tool to assess the cardiovascular risk of those patients.

  7. Cross-sectional imaging for diagnosis and clinical outcome prediction of acute basilar artery thrombosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mortimer, A.M., E-mail: alex_mortimer@hotmail.co [Severn School of Radiology, Bristol (United Kingdom); Department of Radiology, Great Western Hospital, Swindon (United Kingdom); Saunders, T.; Cook, J.-L. [Department of Radiology, Great Western Hospital, Swindon (United Kingdom)

    2011-06-15

    Basilar artery occlusion is a potentially fatal condition and imaging findings can be subtle. Prompt diagnosis is vital, as recognition may lead to therapeutic recanalization that may improve functional outcome and survival. Furthermore, cross-sectional imaging signs may help predict eventual outcome and, therefore, guide which patients should be subjected to aggressive treatment. Computed tomography (CT) signs include a hyperdense basilar artery that has a high specificity, accuracy, positive and negative predictive value. Evidence regarding the prognostic significance of the hyperdense basilar artery sign is conflicting. Early magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features include loss of flow void, seen as increased signal intensity within the basilar artery on T2-weigted images and identification of acute thrombus, seen as intermediate signal on T1-weighted images. MRI sequences are more sensitive for early detection of acute ischaemia or infarction, ideally with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). Both CT and MR angiography are sensitive for detection of acute thrombus, seen as a filling defect or occlusion. These are the non-invasive imaging techniques of choice to confirm diagnosis, with perhaps the speed and accessibility of CT angiography resulting in this technique being valuable in the acute setting. Several new scoring systems based on arterial segmentation rather than global volume assessment using CT angiography source images and DWI have shown early promise in the prediction of eventual clinical outcome in order to isolate those patients who may benefit from therapeutic recanalization.

  8. Cross-sectional imaging for diagnosis and clinical outcome prediction of acute basilar artery thrombosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basilar artery occlusion is a potentially fatal condition and imaging findings can be subtle. Prompt diagnosis is vital, as recognition may lead to therapeutic recanalization that may improve functional outcome and survival. Furthermore, cross-sectional imaging signs may help predict eventual outcome and, therefore, guide which patients should be subjected to aggressive treatment. Computed tomography (CT) signs include a hyperdense basilar artery that has a high specificity, accuracy, positive and negative predictive value. Evidence regarding the prognostic significance of the hyperdense basilar artery sign is conflicting. Early magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features include loss of flow void, seen as increased signal intensity within the basilar artery on T2-weigted images and identification of acute thrombus, seen as intermediate signal on T1-weighted images. MRI sequences are more sensitive for early detection of acute ischaemia or infarction, ideally with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). Both CT and MR angiography are sensitive for detection of acute thrombus, seen as a filling defect or occlusion. These are the non-invasive imaging techniques of choice to confirm diagnosis, with perhaps the speed and accessibility of CT angiography resulting in this technique being valuable in the acute setting. Several new scoring systems based on arterial segmentation rather than global volume assessment using CT angiography source images and DWI have shown early promise in the prediction of eventual clinical outcome in order to isolate those patients who may benefit from therapeutic recanalization.

  9. Peripheral artery disease in korean patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: prevalence and association with coronary artery disease severity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Eun Kyoung; Song, Pil Sang; Yang, Jeong Hoon; Song, Young Bin; Hahn, Joo-Yong; Choi, Jin-Ho; Gwon, Hyeon-Cheol; Lee, Sang Hoon; Hong, Kyung Pyo; Park, Jeong Euy; Kim, Duk-kyung; Choi, Seung-Hyuk

    2013-01-01

    Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is an important marker for the risk stratification of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We investigated the prevalence of PAD in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with CAD and the relationship between ankle-brachial pressure index (ABPI) and CAD severity. A total of 711 patients undergoing PCI for CAD from August 2009 to August 2011 were enrolled. PAD diagnosis was made using the ABPI. The prevalence of PAD was 12.8%. In PAD patients, mean values of right and left ABPI were 0.71 ± 0.15 and 0.73 ± 0.15. Patients with PAD had a higher prevalence of left main coronary disease (14.3% vs 5.8%, P = 0.003), more frequently had multivessel lesions (74.9% vs 52.1%, P ABPI-based PAD screening should be implemented in all patients undergoing PCI with CAD, especially in severe cases. PMID:23341717

  10. Contributions of nuclear cardiology to prognosis and risk stratification in coronary artery disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Myocardial perfusion imaging in patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease and stable symptoms enables not only accurate diagnosis of disease but also entails prognostic value. Myocardial perfusion SPECT contributes to assessment of future cardiac events independently of other clinical parameters. A normal stress myocardial perfusion scan is associated with a favorable prognosis in all pre-test risk subsets similar to that of the general population independent of history, symptoms, and exercise electrocardiography test variables. Cardiac risk and benefit from invasive therapeutic strategies increase in relation to the severity of the abnormality of perfusion and function assessed by gated myocardial perfusion SPECT. Thus, stress myocardial perfusion imaging may serve as a gatekeeper for referral to coronary angiography enabling effective risk stratification in patients with suspected or documented coronary artery disease. In severe coronary artery disease accompanied by left ventricular dysfunction preoperative prediction of reversibility of functional impairment and improvement in survival after revascularization can be achieved by viability testing using nuclear cardiology. Absence of viability is associated with no significant difference in functional and survival outcomes, irrespective of treatment strategy. Therefore, unnecessary revascularization can be avoided in cases with absent evidence of viability. (orig.)

  11. Effects of gemfibrozil on outcome after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in mice

    OpenAIRE

    Guo, Qingmin; Wang, Guangming; Liu, Xiaowei; Namura, Shobu

    2009-01-01

    Fibrates are lipid lowering drugs and found as ligands for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs). A clinical study has shown that one type of fibrate gemfibrozil reduces stroke incidence in men. However, it remains unknown whether gemfibrozil improves outcome after stroke. We hypothesized that prophylactic administration of gemfibrozil improves outcome after ischemic stroke. In this study, we measured the impact of gemfibrozil in two permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (M...

  12. Neuropsychological and neurobehavioral outcome following childhood arterial ischemic stroke: Attention deficits, emotional dysregulation, and executive dysfunction.

    OpenAIRE

    O Keeffe, F.; Liégeois, F.; Eve, M.; Ganesan, V; King, J.; Murphy, T

    2013-01-01

    Objectives. To investigate neuropsychological and neurobehavioral outcome in children with arterial ischemic stroke (AIS). Background. Childhood stroke can have consequences on motor, cognitive, and behavioral development. We present a cross-sectional study of neuropsychological and neurobehavioral outcome at least one year poststroke in a uniquely homogeneous sample of children who had experienced AIS. Method. Forty-nine children with AIS aged 6 to 18 years were recruited from a specialist c...

  13. Endothelial function and coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinlay, S; Libby, P; Ganz, P

    2001-08-01

    The endothelium produces a number of vasodilator and vasoconstrictor substances that not only regulate vasomotor tone, but also the recruitment and activity of inflammatory cells and the propensity towards thrombosis. Endothelial vasomotor function is a convenient way to assess these other functions, and is related to the long-term risk of cardiovascular disease. Lipids (particularly low density lipoprotein cholesterol) and oxidant stress play a major role in impairing these functions, by reducing the bioavailability of nitric oxide and activating pro-inflammatory signalling pathways such as nuclear factor kappa B. Biomechanical forces on the endothelium, including low shear stress from disturbed blood flow, also activate the endothelium increasing vasomotor dysfunction and promoting inflammation by upregulating pro-atherogenic genes. In contrast, normal laminar shear stress promotes the expression of genes that may protect against atherosclerosis. The sub-cellular structure of endothelial cells includes caveolae that play an integral part in regulating the activity of endothelial nitric oxide synthase. Low density lipoprotein cholesterol and oxidant stress impair caveolae structure and function and adversely affect endothelial function. Lipid-independent pathways of endothelial cell activation are increasingly recognized, and may provide new therapeutic targets. Endothelial vasoconstrictors, such as endothelin, antagonize endothelium-derived vasodilators and contribute to endothelial dysfunction. Some but not all studies have linked certain genetic polymorphisms of the nitric oxide synthase enzyme to vascular disease and impaired endothelial function. Such genetic heterogeneity may nonetheless offer new insights into the variability of endothelial function. PMID:11507322

  14. A Case of Behcet’s Disease with Arterial Occlusion and Multiple Aneurysms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. A. Mostofy

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Vascular involvement in Behçet’s disease is divided into venous and arterial thrombosis and arterial aneurismal formation. Multiple arterial aneurysms rarely occur in Behçet’s disease; however, when they do occur, they cause so me complex signs and symptoms related to the location of arterial involvement. We descri be a 22-year-old male with Behçet’s disease and multiple arterial aneurysms in the main arterial branches of the neck, such as left and right subclavian aneurysms, innominate and left caro tid bifurcation arterial aneurysms, together with right vertebral and left subclavian artery occlusions. This case shows that multiple arterial involvem ents should be considered as one of the possible manifestations of Behçet’s disease.

  15. Changes in Coronary Perfusion after Occlusion of Coronary Arteries in Kawasaki Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Kwak, Ji Hee; Song, Jinyoung; Kang, I-Seok; Huh, June; Lee, Heung-Jae

    2014-01-01

    Purpose Myocardial infarction in children with total occlusion of a coronary artery after Kawasaki disease is rare due to multiple collateral vessels. We aimed to investigate the changes in coronary perfusion associated with coronary artery occlusion after Kawasaki disease. Materials and Methods Eleven patients with coronary artery occlusion after Kawasaki disease were investigated. Serial coronary angiographies after total occlusion of a coronary artery were reviewed and the changes were des...

  16. Adventitial Cystic Disease of the Common Femoral Artery: A Case Report and Literature Review

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Sung Hwan; Lee, Chung Eun; Park, Hyun Oh; Kim, Jong Woo; Choi, Jun Young; Lee, Jeong Hee

    2013-01-01

    Arterial adventitial cystic disease is an uncommon type of non-atherosclerotic peripheral vessel disease. Most cases of arterial adventitial cystic disease occur in the popliteal arteries; however, fewer cases have been reported in the femoral arteries. A 59-year-old male patient visited the hospital with a complaint of a swelling on the lower extremity that had begun two months earlier. Suspecting deep vein thrombosis based on a physical examination and ultrasonography from another hospital,...

  17. Gene therapy and angiogenesis in patients with coronary artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kastrup, Jens

    2010-01-01

    -blind placebo-controlled trials could not confirm the initial high efficacy of either the growth factor protein or the gene therapy approaches observed in earlier small trials. The clinical studies so far have all been without any gene-related serious adverse events. Future trials will focus on whether an...... improvement in clinical results can be obtained with a cocktail of growth factors or by a combination of gene and stem cell therapy in patients with severe coronary artery disease, which cannot be treated effectively with current treatment strategies....... VEGF and FGF in patients with coronary artery disease. The initial small and unblinded studies with either recombinant growth factor proteins or genes encoding growth factors were encouraging, demonstrating both clinical improvement and evidence of angiogenesis. However, subsequent larger double...

  18. [Stress imaging in coronary artery disease: state of the art].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldini, U; Venturini, C; Genovesi-Ebert, A; Savoia, M T; Raugi, M; Pauletti, M; Carluccio, M; Digiorgio, A; Gasperetti, G; Galli, M

    2004-02-01

    To date, several diagnostic tools allow an accurate non-invasive evaluation of coronary artery disease; this is due to the great progress in echocardiographic and nuclear imaging techniques in the last 10 years. The large availability of different stress imaging techniques allows to choose the most appropriate technique for each patient according to the clinical characteristics. This paper presents the state of the art of echocardiographic and nuclear stress imaging for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease and for the prognostic stratification of infarcted patients. Advantages and limits of the different techniques are described rather than putting in competition echo and nuclear cardiology as has often been done in the past. Cardiologists should select among the various techniques on the basis of clinical characteristics of single patients, center's experience and an objective evaluation of economical aspects. PMID:14765034

  19. Gene therapy and angiogenesis in patients with coronary artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kastrup, Jens

    2010-01-01

    Not all patients with severe coronary artery disease can be treated satisfactorily with current recommended medications and revascularization techniques. Various vascular growth factors have the potential to induce angiogenesis in ischemic tissue. Clinical trials have only evaluated the effect of...... VEGF and FGF in patients with coronary artery disease. The initial small and unblinded studies with either recombinant growth factor proteins or genes encoding growth factors were encouraging, demonstrating both clinical improvement and evidence of angiogenesis. However, subsequent larger double......-blind placebo-controlled trials could not confirm the initial high efficacy of either the growth factor protein or the gene therapy approaches observed in earlier small trials. The clinical studies so far have all been without any gene-related serious adverse events. Future trials will focus on whether an...

  20. Surgical outcome of severe pulmonary arterial hypertension secondary to left-to-right shunt lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cha Gon Lee

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : Despite recent advances in pulmonary hypertension management and surgery, appropriate guidelines remain to be developed for operability in congenital heart disease with pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH. Our aim was to evaluate clinical outcomes of patients with severe PAH who underwent surgical closure of left-to-right shunt lesions (LRSL on the basis of pulmonary reactivity. Methods : We retrospectively reviewed 21 patients who underwent surgical closure of LRSL with severe PAH (?#248; Wood unit from January 1995 to April 2009. The median age at operation was 26 years. Atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect (VSD, VSD and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA, and PDA was present in 11, 4, 4, and 2 patients, respectively. Results : Operability was based on vasoreactivity of PAH. Of the 21 patients, 5 showed response to pulmonary vasodilator therapy and 8 showed vasoreactivity after balloon occlusion of defects. The remaining 8 patients were considered operable because of significant left-to-right shunt (Qp/Qs ?#241;.5. Five patients underwent total closure of defects and 16 were left with small residual shunts. The median follow-up duration was 32 months. There was no significant postoperative mortality or morbidity. Systolic pulmonary artery pressure (PAP decreased in all but 2 patients. All patients except 1 showed improvement of New York Heart Association functional class. Conclusion : Closure of LRSL in patients with severe PAH on the basis of pulmonary vasoreactivity seems reasonable. PAP and clinical symptoms improved in most patients. Further research is needed for the evaluation of long-term results.

  1. Optimal treatment of multivessel complex coronary artery disease

    OpenAIRE

    SUN, HAIHUI; CUI, LIANQUN

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate major cardiac events and the similarities and differences of medical costs among patients with multivessel complex coronary artery disease (MCCAD) during the three-year follow-up. The MCCAD patients had undergone single complete revascularization (CR), fractionated revascularization (FR) or partial revascularization (PR) and the present study aimed to screen the optimal treatment program. A total of 2,309 MCCAD patients who had been treated at a...

  2. Consolidated and emerging inflammatory markers in coronary artery disease

    OpenAIRE

    Lubrano, Valter; Balzan, Silvana

    2015-01-01

    Coronary artery disease is an event of atherosclerosis characterized by a chronic vascular inflammation. Risk factors like obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, smoking, hypercholesterolemia and positive family history sometimes are not sufficiently adequate to the enhancement of cardiovascular risk assessment. In the past years numerous biomarkers, like C reactive protein, cytokines and adhesion molecules, have been observed to be related to adverse cardiovascular prognosis. Recently, se...

  3. Inflammation and cortisol response i coronary artery disease

    OpenAIRE

    Nijm, Johnny

    2008-01-01

    Atherosclerosis is characterized by a chronic inflammation, involving autoimmune components, in the arterial wall. An increase in proinflammatory activity relative to anti-inflammatory activity is considered to cause a progression of the disease towards plaque instability and risk of atherothrombotic events, such as acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Cortisol, the end product of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, is a powerful endogenous anti-inflammatory mediator. Disturbances in the...

  4. Peripheral arterial disease in the elderly: The Rotterdam Study

    OpenAIRE

    Meijer, Wouter; Hoes, Arno; Rutgers, D.; Bots, Michiel; Grobbee, Diederick; Hofman, Albert

    1998-01-01

    textabstractTo assess the age- and sex-specific prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and intermittent claudication (IC) in an elderly population, we performed a population-based study in 7715 subjects (40% men, 60% women) aged 55 years and over. The presence of PAD and IC was determined by measuring the ankle-arm systolic blood pressure index (AAI) and by means of the World Health Organization/Rose questionnaire, respectively. PAD was considered present when the AAI was

  5. Training is Medicine for Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Eivind

    2009-01-01

    The objective in the present thesis was to evaluate possible improvements when using training as a treatment for peripheral arterial disease (PAD) patients and to study possible mechanisms behind the adaptations to training. During exercise patients with PAD are limited by muscle pain in the lower extremities, distal to the atherosclerotic lesions, due to lack of oxygen. In the first experiment high aerobic intensity whole body treadmill endurance training was found to be superior to previous...

  6. Advances in Nanotechnology for the Management of Coronary Artery Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Rhee, June-Wha; Wu, Joseph C.

    2012-01-01

    Nanotechnology holds tremendous potential to advance the current treatment of coronary artery disease. Nanotechnology may assist medical therapies by providing a safe and efficacious delivery platform for a variety of drugs aimed at modulating lipid disorders, decreasing inflammation and angiogenesis within atherosclerotic plaques, and preventing plaque thrombosis. Nanotechnology may improve coronary stent applications by promoting endothelial recovery on a stent surface utilizing bio-mimetic...

  7. EVALUATION OF SERUM FERRITIN IN PATIENTS OF CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE

    OpenAIRE

    Preeti; Devinder Singh; Ashok; Sahiba

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Serum ferritin, which measures stored iron, is an inflammatory marker and a potential novel risk factor for CAD. Its role in coronary artery disease like acute myocardial infarction has generated considerable interest in recent times. There is a plethora of articles reporting the relationship between serum ferritin and acute myocardial infarction but with conflicting and contradictory results. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: 1) To compare serum ferritin levels in cases of...

  8. Developments in the percutaneous treatment of obstructive coronary artery disease

    OpenAIRE

    Agostoni, P.

    2009-01-01

    Percutaneous coronary interventions are recognized techniques to treat coronary artery disease. However, despite the progress in the development of materials and techniques, several limitations affect the acute and long-term performance of these procedures. In particular, there are three mayor drawbacks: restenosis, thrombosis and technical feasibility of the procedure. The recent introduction of drug-eluting stents has been a major step forward in reducing restenosis. The pivotal randomized ...

  9. Hyperhomocysteinemia and Coronary Artery Disease in the Asian Indian Population

    OpenAIRE

    Chaudhari, Vinika

    2003-01-01

    Compared to other cultural groups, the risk of coronary artery disease in this population is amplified by two to twenty fold. For this reason, elevated total homocysteine levels, known as hyperhomocysteinemia, have been discovered to be atherogenic. In a causal, dose-related mechanism, homocysteine increases thrombotic activity and causes oxidative damage to the endothelium. Although there are both nutritional and genetic causes of hyperhomocysteinemia, studies have concluded that amongst Asi...

  10. Changing demographics of pulmonary arterial hypertension in congenital heart disease

    OpenAIRE

    Mulder, B. J. M.

    2010-01-01

    Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a serious complication of congenital heart disease (CHD). Without early surgical repair, around one-third of paediatric CHD patients develop significant PAH. Recent data from the Netherlands suggest that >4% of adult CHD patients have PAH, with higher rates in those with septal defects. A spectrum of cardiac defects is associated with PAH-CHD, although most cases develop as a consequence of large systemic-to-pulmonary shunts. Eisenmenger's syndrome, ch...

  11. Outcome and Graft Patency in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting with Coronary Endarterectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Nemati, Mohammad Hassan; Astaneh, Behrooz; Khosropanah, Shahdad

    2015-01-01

    Background Controversy persists regarding the use of coronary endarterectomy (CE) in patients with severe coronary artery disease. We compared the comorbidities and perioperative characteristics of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with and without CE. Methods This study was performed in two private hospitals in Shiraz, Iran from May 2010 to December 2011 on 967 patients who underwent CABG without CE and 84 patients who underwent CABG with CE (the CE+ group). After fo...

  12. Outcome of maple syrup urine disease.

    OpenAIRE

    Naughten, E. R.; Jenkins, J; Francis, D E; Leonard, J V

    1982-01-01

    The outcome of 12 children with classical maple syrup urine disease is reviewed. All patients presented in the neonatal period at ages varying from 5 to 21 (median 8) days. The time taken to make the diagnosis ranged from 1 day to longer than 9 months (median 7 days). Each survived his initial illness but 3 died later after apparently mild infections. Three of the 12 patients had a spastic quadriplegia and 6 others abnormal neurological signs without clear cerebral palsy. The single most impo...

  13. CCR2 and coronary artery disease: a woscops substudy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gray Ian C

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Several lines of evidence support a role for CCL2 (monocyte chemotactic protein-1 and its receptor CCR2 in the development of atherosclerosis. The aim of the present study was to determine the association of the CCR2 Val64Ile polymorphism with the development of coronary artery disease in the WOSCOPS study sample set. Findings A total of 443 cases and 1003 controls from the West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study (WOSCOPS were genotyped for the Val64Ile polymorphism in the CCR2 gene. Genotype frequencies were compared between cases and controls. The CCR2 Val64Ile polymorphism was found not to be associated with coronary events in this study population (odds ratio 1.15, 95% CI 0.82-1.61, p = 0.41. Conclusions This case-control study does not support an association of the CCR2 Val64Ile polymorphism with coronary artery disease in the WOSCOPS sample set and does not confirm a possible protective role for CCR2 Val64Ile in the development of coronary artery disease.

  14. Early Results of Coronary Endarterectomy Combined with Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Patients with Diffused Coronary Artery Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Li-Qun Chi; Jian-Qun Zhang; Qing-Yu Kong; Wei Xiao; Lin Liang; Xin-Liang Chen

    2015-01-01

    Background: It is still a challenge for the cardiac surgeons to achieve adequate revascularization for diffused coronary artery disease (CAD). Coronary endarterectomy (CE) offers an alternative choice of coronary artery reconstruction and revascularization. In this study, short-term result of CE combined with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) was discussed in the treatment for the diffused CAD. Methods: From January 2012 to April 2014, 221 cases of CABG were performed by the same surgeo...

  15. Arterial hypertension, microalbuminuria, and risk of ischemic heart disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, J S; Feldt-Rasmussen, B; Strandgaard, S;

    2000-01-01

    , diabetes mellitus, and renal or urinary tract disease. Untreated arterial hypertension or borderline hypertension was present in 204 subjects, who were followed until 1993 by the National Hospital and Death Certificate Registers with respect to development of ischemic heart disease. During 1978 person...... hypertensive subjects. In 1983 and 1984, blood pressure, urinary albumin/creatinine concentration ratio, plasma total and HDL cholesterol levels, body mass index, and smoking status were obtained in a population-based sample of 2085 subjects, aged 30 to 60 years, who were free from ischemic heart disease......-years, 18 (9%) of the hypertensive subjects developed ischemic heart disease. Microalbuminuria, defined as a urinary albumin/creatinine ratio above the upper decile (1.07 mg/mmol), was the strongest predictor of ischemic heart disease, with an unadjusted relative risk of 4.2 (95% CI 1.5 to 11.9, P=0...

  16. Fifty-eight cases of ocular ischemic diseases caused by carotid artery stenosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUO Rong-jiang; LIU Shao-rui; LI Xiao-min; ZHUO Ye-hong; TIAN Zhen

    2010-01-01

    Background The blood supply to the eye comes from the retinal central vascular system of the ophthalmic artery and the ciliary vascular system. The ophthalmic artery stems from the ipsilateral internal carotid artery. If occlusion or stenosis occurs in the carotid artery, the blood perfusion to the ophthalmic artery becomes insufficient, leading to signs and symptoms of anterior and posterior ocular ischemia. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of ocular ischemic diseases caused by carotid artery stenosis.Methods This study was a retrospective review of 145 patients with carotid artery stenosis. Fifty-eight patients who had symptoms of ocular ischemic disease caused by carotid artery stenosis formed group A and the other 87 patients who only had carotid artery stenosis formed group B. We analyzed the causes and course of disease, and relative risk factors,by comparing the two groups.Results The degree of carotid artery stenosis in group A was higher than that in group B. And group A had a greater decrease of ophthalmic artery flow. Male, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and smoking were significantly related to carotid artery stenosis. Amaurosis fugax was the most common ocular symptom in group A. The ocular ischemic diseases mainly included ischemic optic neuropathy, central/branch retinal artery occlusion, ophthalmoplegia externa, and ocular ischemic syndrome.Conclusions Carotid artery stenosis correlates with ocular ischemic diseases. Ophthalmologists must observe for ocular symptoms, which were the onset symptoms in some patients.

  17. Haemodynamic response to endotracheal intubation in coronary artery disease: Direct versus video laryngoscopy

    OpenAIRE

    Muralidhar Kanchi; Nair, Hema C; Sanjay Banakal; Keshava Murthy; C Murugesan

    2011-01-01

    Endotracheal intubation involving conventional laryngoscopy elicits a haemodynamic response associated with increased heart and blood pressure. The study was aimed to see if video laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation has any advantages over conventional laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation in patients with coronary artery disease. Thirty patients suffering from coronary artery disease scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were studied. The patients were randoml...

  18. The role of coronary artery disease in heart failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lala, Anuradha; Desai, Akshay S

    2014-04-01

    Enhanced survival following acute myocardial infarction and the declining prevalence of hypertension and valvular heart disease as contributors to incident heart failure (HF) have fueled the emergence of coronary artery disease (CAD) as the primary risk factor for HF development. Despite the acknowledged role of CAD in the development of HF, the role of coronary revascularization in reducing HF-associated morbidity and mortality remains controversial. The authors review key features of the epidemiology and pathophysiology of CAD in patients with HF as well as the emerging data from recent clinical trials that inform the modern approach to management. PMID:24656111

  19. The Role of Hyperlipidaemia in Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drexel H

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A recent report from the Physicians' Health Study proved elevated plasma cholesterol, elevated triglycerides, and low HDL-cholesterol predictive of the incidence of peripheral arterial occlusive disease. The strongest predictor was the cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol ratio. In contrast, new risk factors, eg lipoprotein (a, homocysteine and apolipoproteins A and B did not have additional predictive power for peripheral arterial occlusive disease, whereas C-reactive protein and fibrinogen were independently predictive of its incidence. Earlier cross-sectional studies also found lipoprotein lipids closely associated with arterial disease: VLDL-cholesterol, IDL-cholesterol, and LDL-cholesterol were directly, and HDL-cholesterol, HDL2-cholesterol as well as HDL3-cholesterol inversely related to the prevalence of peripheral arterial occlusive disease. Treatment recommendations are the same as have been established for other secondary preventive settings, eg coronary artery disease. Die Bedeutung der Hyperlipidämie als Risikofaktor für die periphere arterielle Verschlußkrankheit. Neue Daten aus der Physicians' Health Study zeigen, daß erhöhtes Plasmacholesterin, erhöhte Triglyzeride und niedriges HDL-Cholesterin das Auftreten von PAVK voraussagen. Der beste Prädiktor ist der Cholesterin/HDL-Cholesterin-Quotient. Im Gegensatz dazu zeigten neuere Risikofaktoren - wie Lipoprotein A, Homocystein und Apolipoprotein A und B - keine zusätzliche Vorhersagekraft für periphere Verschlußkrankheiten. C-reaktives Protein und Fibrinogen waren andererseits wieder unabhängige Prädiktoren für die Krankheitsinzidenz. Diese prospektiven Daten ergänzen frühere Literaturberichte von Querschnittstudien, in welchen ebenfalls der Lipoproteinstoffwechsel eng mit der peripheren arteriellen Verschlußkrankheit assoziiert war: VLDL-Cholesterin, IDL-Cholesterin und LDL-Cholesterin waren direkt, HDL-Cholesterin, HDL2-Cholesterin sowie HDL3-Cholesterin invers mit der Pr

  20. Current Roles and Future Applications of Cardiac CT: Risk Stratification of Coronary Artery Disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cardiac computed tomography (CT) has emerged as a noninvasive modality for the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD), and has been rapidly integrated into clinical cares. CT has changed the traditional risk stratification based on clinical risk to image-based identification of patient risk. Cardiac CT, including coronary artery calcium score and coronary CT angiography, can provide prognostic information and is expected to improve risk stratification of CAD. Currently used conventional cardiac CT, provides accurate anatomic information but not functional significance of CAD, and it may not be sufficient to guide treatments such as revascularization. Recently, myocardial CT perfusion imaging, intracoronary luminal attenuation gradient, and CT-derived computed fractional flow reserve were developed to combine anatomical and functional data. Although at present, the diagnostic and prognostic value of these novel technologies needs to be evaluated further, it is expected that all-in-one cardiac CT can guide treatment and improve patient outcomes in the near future

  1. Intra-arterial infusion of prostaglandin E1 in normal subjects and patients with peripheral arterial disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, P E; Nielsen, S L; Holstein, P;

    1976-01-01

    Acute vasodilatation was produced by infusion of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) in the femoral artery in 6 patients with occlusive arterial disease of the legs and in 3 normal subjects. The effect on blood flow and on blood pressure was measured at different segments of the leg with the strain gauge...

  2. Myocardial perfusion imaging with higenamine hydrochloride stress studies in diagnosis of coronary artery disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周维

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the stress test efficacy and safety of higenamine hydrochloride,MPI studies were performed in patients with coronary artery disease. Methods Sixty-eight patients with suspected coronary artery

  3. N-acetylcysteine improves arterial vascular reactivity in patients with chronic kidney disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wittstock, Antje; Burkert, Magdalena; Zidek, Walter;

    2009-01-01

    Patients with stage 5 chronic kidney disease show increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality that are partly related to impaired arterial vascular reactivity. We investigated whether intravenous administration of the antioxidant acetylcysteine improves arterial vascular reactivity in these...

  4. Inferior Pancreaticoduodenal Artery Aneurysms Associated with Occlusive Lesions of the Celiac Axis: Diagnosis, Treatment Options, Outcomes, and Review of the Literature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flood, Karen, E-mail: karenrogers@doctors.org.uk; Nicholson, Anthony A. [Leeds Teaching Hospitals, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

    2013-06-15

    Purpose. To describe the presentation, treatment, and outcomes for 14 patients with aneurysms of the inferior pancreaticoduodenal arteries associated with occlusive lesions of the celiac axis, and to review the literature for similar cases. Methods, Over a period of 12 years, 14 patients (10 women and 4 men) ranging in age from 26 to 50 (mean 46) years were demonstrated to have aneurysms of the inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery origin associated with stenosis or occlusion of the celiac axis. All patients were treated by a combination of surgery and interventional radiology. Results. Outcome data collected between 3 months and 4 years (mean 2 years) demonstrated that all aneurysms remained excluded, and all 14 patients were well. The 49 case reports in the literature confirm the findings of this cohort. Conclusion. In inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysm resulting from celiac occlusive disease, endovascular treatment is best achieved by stenting the celiac axis and/or embolizing the aneurysm when necessary.

  5. Relationship of Inflammatory Biomarkers with Severity of Peripheral Arterial Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kimihiro Igari

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The pentraxin family, including high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP, serum amyloid P (SAP, and pentraxin 3 (PTX3, has been identified as playing a key role in inflammatory reactions such as in atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. In this study, we examined the relationship between peripheral arterial disease (PAD and serum levels of pentraxins. Methods. This study was undertaken via a retrospective review of PAD patients with surgical intervention for lesions of the common femoral artery. We evaluated the preoperative patient conditions, hemodynamic status, such as ankle brachial index (ABI, and clinical ischemic conditions according to Rutherford classification. Preoperatively, we collected blood samples for determining the serum levels of hs-CRP, SAP, and PTX3. Results. Twelve PAD patients with common femoral arterial lesions were treated and examined. The hemodynamic severity of PAD was not negatively correlated with hs-CRP, SAP, or PTX3. The clinical severity evaluated by Rutherford classification was significantly positively correlated with the serum level of PTX3 (p=0.019. Conclusion. We demonstrated that PTX3 might be a better marker of PAD than hs-CRP and SAP. Furthermore, PTX3 might be a prognostic marker to evaluate the severity of PAD.

  6. Pregnancy outcomes in women with heart disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Hua; XU Ji-wen; ZHAO Xu-dong; YE Tai-yang; LIN Jian-hua; LIN Qi-de

    2010-01-01

    Background As the Shanghai Obstetrical Cardiology Intensive Care Center, our hospital has accumulated a large number of clinical data of pregnant women with heart disease. This paper is a retrospective analysis of 1142 pregnancies in women with heart disease so as to evaluate the maternal and fetal outcomes of these patients.Methods A retrospective analysis was carried out for pregnancies in 1142 women with heart disease who delivered in Shanghai Obstetrical Cardiology Intensive Care Center between 1993 and 2007.Results In this study, main heart diseases in pregnancy were arrhythmia (n=359, 31.4%), congenital heart disease (CHD; n=291,25.5%), and myocarditis and its sequelae (n=284, 24.9%); based on the functional classification criteria of New York Heart Association (NYHA), more than half (n=678, 59.4%) of patients were classified NYHA Class Ⅰ; pregnant women in NHYA Class Ⅰ-Ⅱ (n=951, 83.3%) commonly had arrhythmia, myocarditis and its sequelae, while those in NHYA Class Ⅲ-Ⅳ (n=191, 16.7%) mainly had CHD, rheumatic heart disease (RHD), cardiopathy induced by hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy, and peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM). Cardiac failure occurred in 97 (8.5%)patients, and 8 (0.7%) maternal deaths and 12 (1.1%) perinatal deaths were reported in this study. Compared with those in NHYA Class Ⅰ-Ⅱ, women in NHYA Class Ⅲ-Ⅳ had a significantly lower gestational age at birth (P <0.05), lower birth weight (P <0.01), and higher incidence of preterm delivery, small for gestational age and perinatal death (P <0.01). The incidence of cardiac failure in pregnant women with cardiopathy induced by hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy and PPCM was relatively high, with a rate of 80% and 52.2%, respectively. After cardiac operation, 131(90.3%) women were in classified NHYA Class Ⅰ-Ⅱ and 14 (9.7%) in NHYA Class Ⅲ-Ⅳ.Conclusions Arrhythmia is the type of heart disease that has a highest incidence in patients with heart

  7. Indications, algorithms, and outcomes for coronary artery bypass surgery in patients with acute coronary syndromes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yerokun, Babatunde A; Williams, Judson B; Gaca, Jeffrey; Smith, Peter K; Roe, Matthew T

    2016-06-01

    For patients with a non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS), guideline recommendations and treatment pathways focus on revascularization for definitive treatment if the patient is an appropriate candidate. Despite the widespread use of revascularization for NSTE-ACS, most patients undergo a percutaneous coronary intervention, whereas a minority of patients undergo coronary artery bypass grafting. Focusing specifically on the USA, the contemporary utilization, preoperative and perioperative considerations, and outcomes of NSTE-ACS patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting have not been comprehensively reviewed. PMID:26945187

  8. Coronary revascularization in lung transplant recipients with concomitant coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castleberry, A W; Martin, J T; Osho, A A; Hartwig, M G; Hashmi, Z A; Zanotti, G; Shaw, L K; Williams, J B; Lin, S S; Davis, R D

    2013-11-01

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) is not uncommon among lung transplant candidates. Several small, single-center series have suggested that short-term outcomes are acceptable in selected patients who undergo coronary revascularization prior to, or concomitant with, lung transplantation. Our objective was to evaluate perioperative and intermediate-term outcomes in this patient population at our institution. We performed a retrospective, observational cohort analysis of 898 lung transplant recipients between 1997 and 2010. Pediatric, multivisceral, lobar or repeat transplantations were excluded, resulting in 791 patients for comparative analysis, of which 49 (median age 62, 79.6% bilateral transplant) underwent concurrent coronary artery bypass and 38 (median age 64, 63.2% bilateral transplant) received preoperative percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Perioperative mortality, overall unadjusted survival and adjusted hazard ratio for cumulative risk of death were similar among both revascularization groups as well as controls. The rate of postoperative major adverse cardiac events was also similar among groups; however, concurrent coronary artery bypass was associated with longer postoperative length of stay, more time in the intensive care unit and more postoperative days requiring ventilator support. These results suggest that patients with CAD need not be excluded from lung transplantation. Preferential consideration should be given to preoperative PCI when feasible. PMID:24102830

  9. Drug-eluting balloon catheters for lower limb peripheral arterial disease: the evidence to date

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barkat M

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Mohamed Barkat,1 Francesco Torella,1 George A Antoniou2 1Liverpool Vascular and Endovascular Service, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, 2Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, The Royal Oldham Hospital, Pennine Acute Hospitals NHS Trust, Manchester, UK Abstract: A significant proportion of patients with severe lower limb peripheral arterial disease require revascularization. Over the past decade, an endovascular-first approach even for complex disease has gained widespread use among vascular specialists. An important limitation of percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty or stenting remains the occurrence of restenosis. Drug-coated balloons have emerged as an exciting technology developed to overcome the limitations of standard balloon angioplasty and stenting. Drug-eluting devices inhibit neointimal growth of vascular smooth muscle cells with the potential of preventing restenosis. This review provides a synopsis of the up-to-date evidence on the role of drug-coated balloons in the treatment of lower limb peripheral arterial disease. Bibliographic searches were conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library electronic database. Eleven randomized clinical trials, two systematic reviews, and a published registry providing the best available evidence were identified. Current evidence suggests that angioplasty with drug-coated balloon is reliable, safe, and efficient in increasing patency rates and reducing target lesion revascularization and restenosis. However, it remains unknown whether these improved results can translate into beneficial clinical outcomes, as current randomized clinical trials have failed to demonstrate a significant benefit in limb salvage and mortality. Further randomized trials focusing on clinical and functional outcomes of drug-eluting balloons and on cost versus clinical benefit are required. Keywords: drug-eluting balloon, drug-coated balloon, angioplasty, peripheral arterial

  10. Elastin organization in pig and cardiovascular disease patients' pericardial resistance arteries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bloksgaard, Maria; Leurgans, Thomas; Nissen, Inger;

    2015-01-01

    coronary artery bypass grafting or cardiac valve replacement surgeries, can serve as a source of resistance arteries for structural research in cardiovascular disease patients. We applied two-photon excitation fluorescence microscopy to study the parietal pericardium and isolated pericardial resistance...... matrix in resistance arteries from cardiovascular disease patients and propose further use of patient pericardial resistance arteries for studies of the human microvasculature. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel....

  11. Role of TGF beta signaling in Remodeling of Non-Coronary Artery Aneurysms in Kawasaki disease /

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Aaron Ming

    2014-01-01

    Coronary artery aneurysms remain a life-threatening complication of Kawasaki disease (KD), the most common form of pediatric acquired heart disease in developed countries (1). Potentially life-threatening coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) develop in 25% of untreated children and 5% of children treated with high dose intravenous immunoglobulin during the acute phase of the self-limited vasculitis (2). Non-coronary artery aneurysms (NCAA) in extra-parenchymal, muscular arteries occur in a minorit...

  12. Transcatheter Arterial Infusion of Autologous CD133+ Cells for Diabetic Peripheral Artery Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiaoping; Lian, Weishuai; Lou, Wensheng; Han, Shilong; Lu, Chenhui; Zuo, Keqiang; Su, Haobo; Xu, Jichong; Cao, Chuanwu; Tang, Tao; Jia, Zhongzhi; Jin, Tao; Uzan, Georges; Gu, Jianping; Li, Maoquan

    2016-01-01

    Microvascular lesion in diabetic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) still cannot be resolved by current surgical and interventional technique. Endothelial cells have the therapeutic potential to cure microvascular lesion. To evaluate the efficacy and immune-regulatory impact of intra-arterial infusion of autologous CD133+ cells, we recruited 53 patients with diabetic PAD (27 of CD133+ group and 26 of control group). CD133+ cells enriched from patients' PB-MNCs were reinfused intra-arterially. The ulcer healing followed up till 18 months was 100% (3/3) in CD133+ group and 60% (3/5) in control group. The amputation rate was 0 (0/27) in CD133+ group and 11.54% (3/26) in control group. Compared with the control group, TcPO2 and ABI showed obvious improvement at 18 months and significant increasing VEGF and decreasing IL-6 level in the CD133+ group within 4 weeks. A reducing trend of proangiogenesis and anti-inflammatory regulation function at 4 weeks after the cells infusion was also found. These results indicated that autologous CD133+ cell treatment can effectively improve the perfusion of morbid limb and exert proangiogenesis and anti-inflammatory immune-regulatory impacts by paracrine on tissue microenvironment. The CD133+ progenitor cell therapy may be repeated at a fixed interval according to cell life span and immune-regulatory function. PMID:26981134

  13. Cerebral Arterial Variations Associated with Moyamoya Disease Diagnosed by MR Angiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchino, Akira; Saito, Naoko; Takahashi, Masahiro; Kurita, Hiroki; Ishihara, Shoichiro

    2014-12-01

    Moyamoya disease is a rare progressive cerebrovascular steno-occlusive disease associated with different variations of the cerebral arteries. We evaluated the types and prevalence of such variations among patients with moyamoya disease. In our institution during the past seven years, we diagnosed 72 patients (24 male, 48 female; aged 6 to 75 years, mean, 42 years) with moyamoya disease by magnetic resonance (MR) angiography using either a 3-Tesla or one of two 1.5-T imagers and a standard time-of-flight technique without contrast media. An experienced neuroradiologist retrospectively reviewed the images. There were 15 cerebral arterial variations in 13 of 72 patients with moyamoya disease (18.1%), including four basilar artery fenestrations, three ophthalmic arteries arising from the middle meningeal artery, two intracranial vertebral artery fenestrations, two persistent first cervical intersegmental arteries, two persistent trigeminal arteries, one extracranial origin of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery, and one persistent stapedial artery. Although our number of patients was small, moyamoya disease was frequently associated with variations of the cerebral arteries, especially fenestrations in the vertebrobasilar system and persistent trigeminal artery. PMID:25489893

  14. Coronary artery disease and diabetes - Management during Ramadan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Idris Ahmed

    2015-05-01

    Ramadan is the Islamic holy month of fasting and practiced by all adult Muslims all over the world at the same time simultaneously. Although people who are ill or diabetics with coronary heart disease are exempted from fasting, they still desire to fast and this is a challenge to themselves and the treating physician. We performed a systematic review of the available Medline English literature on the subject from January 1982 to December 2014 so as to help guide physicians in managing these patients. The results revealed that although the metabolic parameters change during Ramadan fasting, but this does not lead to any significant increase in the incidence of acute coronary events. Most adults with stable coronary artery disease can fast without significant complications, but those with unstable disease or recent or pending revascularization procedures should generally refrain from fasting. Regular monitoring by the physician is mandatory along with adjustment of the dosages. PMID:26013792

  15. [Pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with connective tissue diseases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legendre, Paul; Mouthon, Luc

    2014-09-01

    Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a classical complication of connective tissue diseases (CTD), particularly in systemic sclerosis (SSc), systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) or mixed connective tissue diseases (MCTD). The prevalence of PAH in SSc, as measured by right heart catheterization (RHC), is estimated between 7.85 to 13%. The detection of PAH in SSc is based on trans-thoracic echocardiography. Early detection in pulmonary hypertension is the best way to improve the survival in these diseases. In the DETECT study, 19% of high-risk PAH patients with SSc (SSc diagnosed less than 3 years before and DLcodiversification of treatments available, but remains reserved. Therapeutic combinations and new molecules should allow to improve the prognosis. PMID:25129118

  16. Outcome evaluation of intra-arterial infusion of urokinase for acute ischemic stroke

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the results of intra-arterial urokinase thrombolysis in cases of acute ischemic stroke and to define the factors affecting prognosis. Forty-eight patients with angiographically proven occlusion of the intracranial arteries were treated with local intra-arterial infusion of urokinase within six hours of the onset of symptoms. Neurologic status was evaluated on admission and on discharge using the NIH (National Institute of Health) stroke scale score (SSS). When the SSS decreased by at least four points, this was considered indicative of an improved clinical outcome. Complete recanalization was achieved in 17/48 patients (35%), including 8 of 13 (62%) with occlusion of the vertebrobasilar artery (VBA), 9 of 20 (45%) with occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA), and none of 15 with occlusion of the internal carotid artery (ICA). Neurologic status improved in 12 (60%) of patients with MCA occlusion, in five (38%) of those with VBA occlusion and in three (20%) of those with ICA occlusion (p less than 0.005). Patients in whom occluded MCA was completely recanalized showed greater clinical improvement than those with partial or no recanalization (p less than 0.05). The overall mortality rate was 21%, 43% (9/21) in patients in whom CT revealed signs of early infarct, but only 4% (1/27) in those without this sign (p less than 0.05). The mortality rate of patients with parenchymal hematoma (4/5) was higher than that of those with hemorrhagic infarct (3/9) or without hemorrhage (3/34) (p less than 0.005). In patients in whom occluded MCA was completely recanalized, the clinical outcome was better, while patients with VBA occlusion did not benefit from recanalization. The presence on CT scans of signs of early infarct and of parenchymal hematoma after thrombolysis correlated with a high mortality rate. (author)

  17. Outcome evaluation of intra-arterial infusion of urokinase for acute ischemic stroke

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shi, Hai Bin [First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing (China); Suh, Dae Chul; Lim, Soo Mee [Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); And Others

    2000-06-01

    To evaluate the results of intra-arterial urokinase thrombolysis in cases of acute ischemic stroke and to define the factors affecting prognosis. Forty-eight patients with angiographically proven occlusion of the intracranial arteries were treated with local intra-arterial infusion of urokinase within six hours of the onset of symptoms. Neurologic status was evaluated on admission and on discharge using the NIH (National Institute of Health) stroke scale score (SSS). When the SSS decreased by at least four points, this was considered indicative of an improved clinical outcome. Complete recanalization was achieved in 17/48 patients (35%), including 8 of 13 (62%) with occlusion of the vertebrobasilar artery (VBA), 9 of 20 (45%) with occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA), and none of 15 with occlusion of the internal carotid artery (ICA). Neurologic status improved in 12 (60%) of patients with MCA occlusion, in five (38%) of those with VBA occlusion and in three (20%) of those with ICA occlusion (p less than 0.005). Patients in whom occluded MCA was completely recanalized showed greater clinical improvement than those with partial or no recanalization (p less than 0.05). The overall mortality rate was 21%, 43% (9/21) in patients in whom CT revealed signs of early infarct, but only 4% (1/27) in those without this sign (p less than 0.05). The mortality rate of patients with parenchymal hematoma (4/5) was higher than that of those with hemorrhagic infarct (3/9) or without hemorrhage (3/34) (p less than 0.005). In patients in whom occluded MCA was completely recanalized, the clinical outcome was better, while patients with VBA occlusion did not benefit from recanalization. The presence on CT scans of signs of early infarct and of parenchymal hematoma after thrombolysis correlated with a high mortality rate. (author)

  18. Study of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patient with Coronary Artery Disease at Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virendra C. Patil

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: The interventional treatment option for the coronary artery disease has recently gained popularity. This study was intended to elaborate Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI and coronary angiographic profile in patients with coronary artery disease. Material & Methods: This was a retrospective study conducted over one year period. The patients with significant Coronary Artery Disease (CAD by angiogram were included in this study. The p value < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: Total 135 patients with CAD were enrolled with mean age of 59.65±10.32. Total 59.24% of males and 40.74% of females underwent Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA (p=0.00234. Total 67.40% of patients had hypertension, 48.75% of male patients had history of tobacco consumption, 27.5% of males and 21.81% of females had Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM, 58.75% of males and 43.63% of females had dyslipidemia, 33.75% of males and 23.63% of females had obesity, 33.75% of males and 30.90% of females had metabolic syndrome. Total 41.25% of males and 45.45% of females had affection of Left Anterior Descending (LAD (p=0.0207, 18.75% of males and 20% of females had Left Circumflex (LCx lesion or Right Coronary Artery (RCA. Total 10% of males and 9.09% of females had LAD and LCX lesion. Total 7.5% of males and 9% of females had affection of LAD+ RCA. Among 22.5% of males and 16.36% of females received bare metal stents and 77.5% of males and 83.62% of females received drug eluting stents. The case fatality rate was 1.41%. Conclusions: Study highlights the burden of modifiable coronary artery disease risk factors like, hypertension, obesity and metabolic syndrome undergoing PTCA. Male patients outnumbered with most common coronary artery lesion being LAD. Our findings suggest that favorable outcomes, matching the international data can be achieved in a rural hospital setting.

  19. Medical management of patients with peripheral arterial disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poredoš, P; Jezovnik, M; Kalodiki, E; Andreozzi, G; Antignani, P-L; Clement, D; Comerota, A; Fareed, J; Fletcher, J; Fras, Z; Griffin, M; Markel, A; Martini, R; Mignano, A; Nicolaides, A; Novo, G; Novo, S; Roztočil, K; Visona, A

    2015-02-01

    Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is one of the most frequent manifestations of atherosclerosis and is associated with atherosclerosis in the coronary and carotid arteries, leading to a highly increased incidence of cardiovascular events. Major risk factors of PAD are similar to those that lead to atherosclerosis in other vascular beds. However, there are differences in the power of individual risk factors in the different vascular territories. Cigarette smoking and diabetes mellitus represent the greatest risks of PAD. For prevention of the progression of PAD and accompanying cardiovascular events similar preventative measures are used as in coronary artery disease (CAD). However, recent data indicate that there are some differences in the efficacy of drugs used in the prevention of atherothrombotic events in PAD. Antiplatelet treatment is indicated in virtually all patients with PAD. In spite of the absence of hard evidence- based data on the long term efficacy of aspirin, it is still considered as a first line treatment and clopidogrel as an effective alternative. The new antiplatelet drugs ticagrelol and prasugrel also represent promising options for treatment of PAD. Statin therapy is indicated to achieve the target low density lipoprotein cholesterol level of ≤2.5 mmol/L (100 mg/dL) and there is emerging evidence that lower levels are more effective. Statins may also improve walking capacity. Antihypertensive treatment is indicated to achieve the goal blood pressure (<140/90 mmHg). All classes of antihypertensive drugs including beta-blockers are acceptable for treatment of hypertension in patients with PAD. Diabetic patients with PAD should reduce their glycosylated haemoglobin to ≤7%. As PAD patients represent the group with the highest risk of atherothrombotic events, these patients need the most intensive treatment and elimination of risk factors of atherosclerosis. These measures should be as comprehensive as those in patients with established

  20. Aortic augmentation index in patients with peripheral arterial disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catalano, Mariella; Scandale, Giovanni; Carzaniga, Gianni; Cinquini, Michela; Minola, Marzio; Antoniazzi, Valeria; Dimitrov, Gabriel; Carotta, Maria

    2014-11-01

    Aortic augmentation index (AIx) is used to investigate arterial stiffness. The authors tested the hypothesis that patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) demonstrate a higher AIx and also evaluated several related factors. In 97 patients with PAD, identified by ankle-brachial pressure index (ABPI ≤ 0.9), and 97 controls (ABPI ≥ 0.91< 1.4), AIx (%) was determined using tonometry of the radial artery. There was no significant difference between patients and controls in characteristics of age, sex, height, diastolic blood pressure, mean blood pressure, and heart rate. AIx was higher in patients with PAD (32 ± 9 vs 28 ± 9; P = .001). In multivariate regression analysis, AIx was independently associated with heart rate (β = -0.40, P = .0005). This study showed that AIx increased in patients with PAD and that heart rate is a determinant of AIx. Further studies are necessary to assess the pathophysiological and clinical importance of AIx in patients with PAD. PMID:25228305

  1. Chylomicrons metabolism in patients with coronary artery disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chylomicrons are the triglyceride-rich lipoproteins that carry dietary lipids absorbed in the intestine. In the bloodstream , chylomicron triglycerides are broken-down by lipoprotein lipase using apoliprotein (apo) CII as co factor. Fatty acids and glycerol resulting from the enzymatic action are absorbed and stored in the body tissues mainly adipose and muscle for subsequent utilizations energy source. The resulting triglycerides depleted remnants are taken-up by liver receptor such as the LDL receptor using mainly apo E as ligand. For methodological reasons, chylomicron metabolism has been unfrequently studied in subjects despite its pathophysiological importance, and this metabolism was not evaluated in the great clinical trials that established the link between atherosclerosis and lipids. In studies using oral fat load tests, it has been shown that in patients with coronary artery disease there is a trend to accumulation of post-prandial triglycerides, vitamin A or apo B-48 , suggesting that in those patients chylomicrons and their remnants are slowly removed from the circulation. A triglyceride-rich emulsion marked radioisotopic which mimics chylomicron metabolism when injected into the bloodstream has been described that can offer a more straight forward approach to evaluate chylomicrons. In coronary artery disease patients both lipolysis and remnant removal from the plasma of the chylomicron-like emulsions were found slowed-down compared with control subjects without the disease. The introduction of more practical techniques to assess chylomicron metabolism may be new mechanisms underlying atherogenesis. (author)

  2. CTA and MRA in peripheral arterial disease - is DSA out?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    New developments in technique and postprocessing have led to further improvement in diagnosing and evaluating peripheral arterial disease (PAD) by noninvasive computed tomographic angiography (CTA) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Under clinical conditions diagnostic conventional angiography (DSA) will be increasingly replaced by CTA and MRA. The radiologist has to become familiar with the field of indications, the different techniques, postprocessing tools, and effective visualization. In consideration of the current literature some methodological aspects and the role of CTA and MRA in PAD will be discussed. (orig.)

  3. Coronary artery calcium findings in asymptomatic subjects with family history of premature coronary artery disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background To evaluate the frequency of positive coronary arteries calcium (CAC) scores in a unique population of asymptomatic first degree relatives (FDRs) of patients with angiographically confirmed early onset of coronary artery disease (CAD) and to assess their association with carotid ultrasound findings and other cardiovascular risk factors. Method and results We scanned, using 64-slice multi-detector computed tomography, 57 asymptomatic FDRs (47 ± 9 years old; 44% male, 56% female), out of the 111 FDRs previously phenotyped for cardiovascular (CV) risk factors. The controls were 616 individuals (57 ± 10 years old; 76% male, 24% female) with no family history of cardiovascular disease, chest pain or diabetes selected out of the 3500 subjects scanned between 2002 and 2007. FDRs had higher risk of abnormal CAC scores compared to controls; odds ratio (OR) for the 75th percentile was 1.96 (95% CI 1.04 – 3.67, p < 0.05). Conclusion The frequency of abnormal CAC scores is two-fold higher in asymptomatic FDRs than in controls. CAC scan provides additional information on CV risk assessment in asymptomatic FDRs, particularly for those in the intermediate risk category. Clinical trial registration NCT00387595 PMID:22805651

  4. Relationship between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and subclinical coronary artery disease in long-term smokers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Thomas; Køber, Lars; Pedersen, Jesper Holst; Dirksen, Asger; Thomsen, Laura Hohwü; Stender, Steen; Brodersen, John; Groen, Jaap; Ashraf, Haseem; Kofoed, Klaus Fuglsang

    2013-01-01

    Cardiovascular conditions are reported to be the most frequent cause of death in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, it remains unsettled whether severity of COPD per se is associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) independent of traditional cardiovascular risk...... factors. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the presence and severity of COPD and the amount of coronary artery calcium deposit, an indicator of CAD and cardiac risk, in a large population of current and former long-term smokers....

  5. Value of multiple risk factors in predicting coronary artery disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: This study sought to assess the relationship between correlative comprehension risk factors and coronary arterial disease and to build up a simple mathematical model to evaluate the extension of coronary artery lesion in patients with stable angina. Methods: A total of 1024 patients with chest pain who underwent coronary angiography were divided into CAD group(n=625)and control group(n=399) based on at least one significant coronary artery narrowing more than 50% in diameter. Independent risk factors for CAD were evaluated and multivariate logistic regression model and receiver-operating characteristic(ROC) curves were used to estimate the independent influence factor for CAD and built up a simple formula for clinical use. Results: Multivariate regression analysis revealed that UACR > 7.25 μg/mg(OR=3.6; 95% CI 2.6-4.9; P20 mmol/L(OR=3.2; 95% CI 2.3-4.4; P2(OR=2.3; 95% CI 1.4-3.8; P 2.6 mmol/L (OR 2.141; 95% CI 1.586-2.890; P 7.25 μg/mg + 1.158 x hsCRP > 20 mmol/L + 0.891 GFR 2 + 0.831 x LVEF 2.6 mmol/L + 0.676 x smoking history + 0.594 x male + 0.459 x diabetes + 0.425 x hypertension). Area under the curve was 0.811 (P < 0.01), and the optimal probability value for predicting severe stage of CAD was 0.977 (sensitivity 49.0%, specificity 92.7% ). Conclusions: Risk factors including renal insufficiency were the main predictors for CAD. The logistic regression model is the non-invasive method of choice for predicting the extension of coronary artery lesion in patients with stable agiana. (authors)

  6. Intima-media thickness and arterial stiffness of carotid artery in Korean patients with Behçet's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhee, Moo-Yong; Chang, Hyun Kyu; Kim, Seong-Kyu

    2007-06-01

    Behçet's disease (BD) is a systemic vasculitis involving diverse sizes of arteries and veins. We performed this study to evaluate the vascular changes by assessment of the arterial stiffness and intima-media thickness (IMT) of carotid artery in Korean patients with BD. Forty-one patients with BD and age-, and sex-matched 53 healthy subjects were recruited in this study. Carotid arterial stiffness and IMT were assessed by using high-resolution B-mode ultrasonography. Arterial stiffness parameters such as carotid arterial distensibility coefficient, stiffness index, and incremental elastic modulus (E(inc)) were significantly increased in BD patients compared with those in healthy subjects, but not in IMT. Positive relationship was noted between age and IMT, whereas age of onset was significantly associated with arterial stiffness in BD. This finding suggests impaired endothelial function before visible structural changes of arterial wall in BD. Age and age of onset may be an independent risk factor for carotid IMT and arterial stiffness, respectively. Further studies in more large populations are required to confirm our results. PMID:17596642

  7. Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection: One Disease, Variable Presentations, and Different Management Approaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Emam, Abdel Rahman A; Almomani, Ahmed; Gilani, Syed A; Khalife, Wissam I

    2016-09-01

    Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome. It occurs predominantly among younger females, typically in the absence of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. Presentations vary greatly and this condition can be fatal. Given its rarity, there are no management guidelines. We present six patients with SCAD with different presentations and treatment approaches as examples in our literature review. Two patients presented with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), two with non-STEMI (NSTEMI), and two with cardiac arrest. Patients were treated according to the presentation, clinical stability, and extension and distribution of the dissection. Four patients underwent emergent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and one was clinically stable and treated medically initially and underwent an elective PCI after 4 weeks when coronary angiogram showed persistent dissection. Another patient was treated medically as he was hemodynamically stable and the dissection affected a small branch. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) or optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used for diagnosis confirmation as well as during and after PCI to assure good stent apposition. All patients had excellent outcome. SCAD is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome and a high index of suspicion is crucial for early diagnosis. In patients with early presentation, limited disease, and ongoing symptoms, emergent cardiac catheterization with PCI has excellent outcome. However, in stable patients, medical management and elective PCI in few weeks if the dissection persists is a more reasonable approach. IVUS and OCT are invaluable especially in ambiguous cases. PMID:27574379

  8. Prevalence of coronary artery disease in Japanese patients with cerebral infarction. Impact of metabolic syndrome and intracranial large artery atherosclerosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Patients with cerebral infarction have a high prevalence of asymptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD) and other vascular diseases, but there is a lack of such data for Japanese patients, so the present study investigated the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Japanese patients and determined the predictors of CAD. The study group comprised 104 patients with cerebral infarction who had no history of CVD. All patients underwent coronary computed tomographic angiography, and systematic evaluation was done on the basis of the presence of other vascular diseases, CVD risk markers, and the degree of atherosclerosis. Of the total, 39 patients (37.5%) had CAD, 9 (8.7%) had carotid artery stenosis, 9 (8.7%) had peripheral artery disease of the lower limbs, and 3 (2.9%) had atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis. Multiple regression analysis showed that the presence of CAD was independently associated with metabolic syndrome (odds ratio (OR) 5.008, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.538-16.309; p<0.01) and intracranial large artery atherosclerosis (OR 4.979, 95% CI 1.633-15.183; p<0.01). Japanese patients with cerebral infarction have a high prevalence of CVD, especially asymptomatic CAD. Both metabolic syndrome and intracranial large artery atherosclerosis may be potential predictors for identifying patients with cerebral infarction who are at the highest risk of asymptomatic CAD. (author)

  9. The ADAPTABLE Trial and Aspirin Dosing in Secondary Prevention for Patients with Coronary Artery Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Abigail; Jones, W Schuyler; Hernandez, Adrian F

    2016-08-01

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the underlying cause of death in one out of seven deaths in the USA. Aspirin therapy has been proven to decrease mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with CAD. Despite a plethora of studies showing the benefit of aspirin in secondary prevention of cardiovascular events, debate remains regarding the optimal dose due to relatively small studies that had disparate results when comparing patients taking different aspirin dosages. More recently, aspirin dosing has been thoroughly studied in the CAD population with concomitant therapy (such as P2Y12 inhibitors); however, patients in these studies were not randomized to aspirin dose. No randomized controlled trial has directly measured aspirin dosages in a population of patients with established coronary artery disease. In 2015, the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) developed a network, called PCORnet, that includes patient-powered research networks (PPRN) and clinical data research networks (CDRN). The main objective of PCORnet is to conduct widely generalizable observational studies and clinical trials (including large, pragmatic clinical trials) at a low cost. The first clinical trial, called Aspirin Dosing: A Patient-centric Trial Assessing Benefits and Long-term Effectiveness (ADAPTABLE), will randomly assign 20,000 subjects with established coronary heart disease to either low dose (81 mg) or high dose (325 mg) and should be able to finally answer which dosage of aspirin is best for patients with established cardiovascular disease. PMID:27423939

  10. Periodontal Status in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Ayub Rigi-Ladiz

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Regarding the negative effects of inflammatory disease including periodontal infections on cardiovascular diseases, this study was carried out in order to investigate the periodontal status of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD referring to two hospitals in Zahedan. Materials and Methods: In this study, 100 patients with CAD who referred to Khatam-al-Anbia and Imam Ali Hospitals in Zahedan were examined. After clinical examination, periodontal parameters PD (probing depth, AL (attachment level, PI (plaque index, and GR (gingival recession were determined. Preparing the radiography, the average percentage of bone resorption overall the mouth was measured and registered. The results were analyzed using SPSS-17. Results: Plaque accumulation in 92% of the subjects of study was more than 10%. Pocket depth in the patients was as follows: 18% of the patients had less than 2 mm PD; 13% of them 2-2.99 mm; 43% with 3-45.99 mm PD and 26% of them had deep pocket (> 5 mm. In relation to attachment loss, the results were as follows: in 9% of the patients 1-2 mm; 41% of them 3-4 mm, and for 50% of the patients AL was more than 5 mm. the average of gingival recession in the subjects was 3.31±1.9. Considering bone resorption, 6.7% of the people had less than 20% resorption, 46.7% had 20-39% resorption and in 46.7% of them, resorption was 40-60%. Conclusion: In this study, affliction to periodontal diseases was said to be the cause of Coronary Artery Disease.

  11. Fractional flow reserve versus angiography for guiding percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease: 2-year follow-up of the FAME (Fractional Flow Reserve Versus Angiography for Multivessel Evaluation) study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pijls, Nico H J; Fearon, William F; Tonino, Pim A L;

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the 2-year outcome of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) guided by fractional flow reserve (FFR) in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD)....

  12. Ischemia-modified albumin in type 2 diabetic patients with and without peripheral arterial disease

    OpenAIRE

    Shao-Gang Ma; Chun-Ling Wei; Bing Hong; Wei-Nan Yu

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is an association between serum ischemia-modified albumin and the risk factor profile in type 2 diabetic patients with peripheral arterial disease and to identify the risk markers for peripheral arterial disease. METHODS: Participants included 290 patients (35.2% women) with type 2 diabetes. The ankle-brachial pressure index was measured using a standard protocol, and peripheral arterial disease was defined as an ankle-brachial index 1.3. The basal ischem...

  13. Cell Therapy of Peripheral Arterial Disease: From Experimental Findings to Clinical Trials

    OpenAIRE

    Raval, Zankhana; Losordo, Douglas W.

    2013-01-01

    The age-adjusted prevalence of peripheral arterial disease in the US population was estimated to approach 12% in 1985, and as the population ages, the overall population having peripheral arterial disease is predicted to rise. The clinical consequences of occlusive peripheral arterial disease include intermittent claudication, that is, pain with walking, and critical limb ischemia (CLI), which includes pain at rest and loss of tissue integrity in the distal limbs, which may ultimately lead to...

  14. Classification of peripheral occlusive arterial diseases based on symptoms, signs and distal blood pressure measurements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tønnesen, K H; Noer, Ivan; Paaske, William; Sager, P

    1980-01-01

    Systolic blood pressures at toe and ankle were measured in 459 consecutive patients with occlusive arterial disease. Fifty-eight per cent had intermittent claudication with arterial disease of all degrees of severity. Seventeen per cent complained of rest pain having toe systolic pressures below 30...... occlusive arterial disease which was located distally on the legs. A classification in three groups is suggested: (1) ischemia only during exercise; (2) ischemia at rest with or without ulcerations: and (3) diabetics with chronic ulcerations....

  15. Association between Urine Creatinine Excretion and Arterial Stiffness in Chronic Kidney Disease: Data from the KNOW-CKD Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Young Youl Hyun

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aims: Previous studies have shown that low muscle mass is associated with arterial stiffness, as measured by pulse wave velocity (PWV, in a population without chronic kidney disease (CKD. This link between low muscle mass and arterial stiffness may explain why patients with CKD have poor cardiovascular outcomes. However, the association between muscle mass and arterial stiffness in CKD patients is not well known. Methods: Between 2011 and 2013, 1,529 CKD patients were enrolled in the prospective Korean Cohort Study for Outcome in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease (KNOW-CKD. We analyzed 888 participants from this cohort who underwent measurements of 24-hr urinary creatinine excretion (UCr and brachial-ankle PWV (baPWV at baseline examination. The mean of the right and left baPWV (mPWV was used as a marker of arterial stiffness. Results: The baPWV values varied according to the UCr quartile (1,630±412, 1,544±387, 1,527±282 and 1,406±246 for the 1st to 4th quartiles of UCr, respectively, PConclusion: Low muscle mass estimated by low UCr was associated high baPWV in pre-dialysis CKD patients in Korea. Further studies are needed to confirm the causal relationship between UCR and baPWV, and the role of muscle mass in the development of cardiovascular disease in CKD.

  16. Bilateral Adventitial Cystic Disease of the Popliteal Artery: A Case Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Adventitial cystic disease (ACD) of the popliteal artery is an uncommon vascular condition of unknown etiology. In the present case report, we describe a case of bilateral ACD of the popliteal artery in a 58-year-old male. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of bilateral ACD of the popliteal artery reported in the literature

  17. Arterial stiffness &Sri Lankan chronic kidney disease of unknown origin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gifford, Fiona; Kimmitt, Robert; Herath, Chula; Webb, David J; Melville, Vanessa; Siribaddana, Sisira; Eddleston, Michael; Dhaun, Neeraj

    2016-01-01

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common and independently associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Arterial stiffness contributes to CVD risk in CKD. In many developing countries a considerable proportion of CKD remains unexplained, termed CKDu. We assessed arterial stiffness in subjects with Sri Lankan CKDu, in matched controls without CKD and in those with defined CKD. Aortic blood pressure (BP), pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index (AIx) were assessed in 130 subjects (50 with CKDu, 45 with CKD and 35 without CKD) using the validated TensioMed™ Arteriograph monitor. Brachial and aortic BP was lower in controls than in CKDu and CKD subjects but no different between CKDu and CKD. Controls had a lower PWV compared to subjects with CKDu and CKD. Despite equivalent BP and renal dysfunction, CKDu subjects had a lower PWV than those with CKD (8.7 ± 1.5 vs. 9.9 ± 2.2 m/s, p < 0.01). Excluding diabetes accentuated the differences in PWV seen between groups (controls vs. CKDu vs. CKD: 6.7 ± 0.9 vs. 8.7 ± 1.5 vs. 10.4 ± 1.5 m/s, p < 0.001 for all). Sri Lankan CKDu is associated with less arterial stiffening than defined causes of CKD. Whether this translates to lower cardiovascular morbidity and mortality long term is unclear and should be the focus of future studies. PMID:27586642

  18. Relation of anthropometric variables to coronary artery disease risk factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virendra C Patil

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Anthropometric variables and their relation to conventional coronary artery disease (CAD risk factors in railway employees have been inadequately studied in India. This cross-sectional survey was carried out in the Solapur division of the Central railway in the year 2004, to assess the anthropometric variables in railway employees and their relation to conventional CAD risk factors. Materials and Methods: A total of 995 railway employees, with 872 males and 123 females participated in this cross-sectional study. All subjects underwent anthropometric measurements, fasting lipid profile, and blood sugar level. Various anthropometric indices were calculated for body mass index (BMI, waist circumference (WC, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR, waist-to-height ratio (WHtR, and abdominal volume index (AVI. Statistical analysis was done by EPI Info 6 statistical software. Results: Compared to all other obesity indices, WHtR was most prevalent in both genders. High WHtR was present in 699 (80.16% males and 103 (83.73% females. Age ≥45 years, high systolic BP, high diastolic BP, low HDL, high triglyceride, and diabetes mellitus were positively correlated with high BMI, high WC, high WHR, high WHtR, and high AVI. High BMI, high WC, high WHR, high WHtR, and high AVI were negatively associated with physical inactivity. Conclusions: Over all, anthropometric variables in both genders were significantly deranged in subjects with coronary risk factors. Compared to all other anthropometric variables, WHtR was statistically significantly associated with a majority of coronary artery risk factors. Hence we recommend inclusion of WHtR as a parameter of obesity to predict coronary artery disease risk factor along with WC, WHR, and BMI in epidemiologic studies.

  19. Arterial spin-labelling perfusion MRI and outcome in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vis, Jill B. de; Hendrikse, Jeroen [University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Radiology, HP E 01.132, P.O. Box 85500, Utrecht (Netherlands); Petersen, Esben T. [University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Radiology, HP E 01.132, P.O. Box 85500, Utrecht (Netherlands); University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Radiotherapy, Utrecht (Netherlands); Vries, Linda S. de; Bel, Frank van; Alderliesten, Thomas; Negro, Simona; Groenendaal, Floris; Benders, Manon J.N.L. [Wilhelmina Children' s Hospital/University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Neonatology, Utrecht (Netherlands)

    2015-01-15

    Hyperperfusion may be related to outcome in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether arterial spin labelling (ASL) perfusion is associated with outcome in neonates with HIE and to compare the predictive value of ASL MRI to known MRI predictive markers. Twenty-eight neonates diagnosed with HIE and assessed with MR imaging (conventional MRI, diffusion-weighted MRI, MR spectroscopy [MRS], and ASL MRI) were included. Perfusion in the basal ganglia and thalami was measured. Outcome at 9 or 18 months of age was scored as either adverse (death or cerebral palsy) or favourable. The median (range) perfusion in the basal ganglia and thalami (BGT) was 63 (28-108) ml/100 g/min in the neonates with adverse outcome and 28 (12-51) ml/100 g/min in the infants with favourable outcome (p < 0.01). The area-under-the-curve was 0.92 for ASL MRI, 0.97 for MRI score, 0.96 for Lac/NAA and 0.92 for ADC in the BGT. The combination of Lac/NAA and ASL MRI results was the best predictor of outcome (r {sup 2} = 0.86, p < 0.001). Higher ASL perfusion values in neonates with HIE are associated with a worse neurodevelopmental outcome. A combination of the MRS and ASL MRI information is the best predictor of outcome. (orig.)

  20. Coronary Artery Disease in Asymptomatic Young Adults: Its Prevalence According to Coronary Artery Disease Risk Stratification and the CT Characteristics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We aimed at evaluating the prevalence and CT characteristics of occult coronary artery disease (CAD) in young Korean adults under 40 years of age by performing coronary CT angiography (CCTA). We retrospectively enrolled 112 consecutive asymptomatic subjects (90 men, mean age: 35.6 ± 3.7 years) who underwent CCTA as part of a general health evaluation. We classified the subjects into three National Cholesterol Education Program risk categories and we assessed the plaque characteristics on CCTA according to the number of involved vessels, the location and type of plaques and vascular remodeling. Twelve individuals had CAD (11%, 11 men). The prevalence of CAD was significantly higher in the subgroups with moderate (22%) or high (25%) risk than that in the low risk subgroup (5%) (p < 0.05). Nine patients had single-vessel disease and three patients had two-vessel disease. The most common location for plaque was the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery (60%). All the patients had non-significant stenosis and plaque, including the non-calcified (27%), mixed (47%) and calcified (27%) types. Positive vascular remodeling was identified in all the patients with non-calcified or mixed plaques. The prevalence of occult CAD was not negligible in the asymptomatic young adults with moderate to high risk, and this suggests the importance of management and risk factor modification in this population. All the patients had non-significant stenosis, and one fourth of the plaques did not show calcification

  1. Optimal treatment of multivessel complex coronary artery disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    SUN, HAIHUI; CUI, LIANQUN

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate major cardiac events and the similarities and differences of medical costs among patients with multivessel complex coronary artery disease (MCCAD) during the three-year follow-up. The MCCAD patients had undergone single complete revascularization (CR), fractionated revascularization (FR) or partial revascularization (PR) and the present study aimed to screen the optimal treatment program. A total of 2,309 MCCAD patients who had been treated at a single center in the last decade, among which 1,020 cases underwent single CR, 856 cases successively underwent FR and 433 cases only underwent PR, were followed-up for three years. Major cardiac events, including all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, severe heart failure, rehospitalization and revascularization (coronary artery bypass grafting and coronary stent reimplantation), were set as the end points. In addition, the three-year medical costs associated with heart disease were analyzed. The three-year cardiac event rate in the CR group (17%) was significantly lower compared with the other two groups and the average three-year medical costs in the CR group (62,100 RMB) were significantly lower than those in the other two groups. Therefore, under permissive conditions, single CR is the optimal and most economical treatment strategy for patients with MCCAD. PMID:24926344

  2. Matrix metalloproteinase gene polymorphisms in patients with coronary artery disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa L.N. Dalepiane

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, the pathology underlying the majority of coronary artery disease (CAD. In this study we tested the hypothesis that polymorphic variation in the MMP genes influences the risk of developing atherosclerosis. We analyzed functional polymorphisms in the promoter of the MMP-1, MMP-3, MMP-9 and MMP-12 genes in 183 Brazilian Caucasian individuals submitted to coronary angiography, of which 67 (37% had normal coronary arteries (control group and 116 (63% had CAD (CAD patient group. The -1607 1G/2G MMP-1, -1171 5A/6A MMP-3, -1562 C/T MMP-9, -82 A/G MMP-12 polymorphisms were analyzed by PCR followed by restriction digestion. No significant differences were observed in allele frequencies between the CAD patients and controls. Haplotype analysis showed no differences between the CAD patients and controls. There was a significant difference in the severity of CAD, as assessed by the number of diseased vessels, in MMP-1 1G/1G homozygous individuals and in those homozygous for the 6A allele of the MMP-3 polymorphism. However, multivariate analysis showed that diabetes mellitus was the only variable independently associated with CAD severity. Our findings indicated that MMP polymorphisms have no significant impact on the risk and severity of CAD.

  3. Coronary artery disease and its association with Vitamin D deficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aggarwal, Ramesh; Akhthar, Tauseef; Jain, Sachin Kumar

    2016-01-01

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) has become the latest scourge of humankind and referred to in this article as CAD, is the end result of the accumulation of atheromatous plaques within the walls of coronary arteries that supply the myocardium, a process also known as atherosclerosis and manifests mostly in the form of chronic stable angina or acute coronary syndrome. Vitamin D has attracted considerable interest recently due to its role in a number of extraskeletal disease processes including multiple sclerosis, malignancies, diabetes mellitus, and CAD. It is also known as sunshine vitamin due to its production in the body following exposure to ultraviolet rays, and it is a unique vitamin as it acts like a hormone with its receptor present in a wide range of tissues including endothelium, which is the important mediator of atherosclerosis and subsequent CAD. A large number of studies conducted in the past have provided the basic scientific framework and this article attempts to explore the role of Vitamin D deficiency in the pathogenesis of CAD and stresses the need for further research to fill up gap in our knowledge. PMID:27499590

  4. Coronary artery disease and its association with Vitamin D deficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramesh Aggarwal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Coronary artery disease (CAD has become the latest scourge of humankind and referred to in this article as CAD, is the end result of the accumulation of atheromatous plaques within the walls of coronary arteries that supply the myocardium, a process also known as atherosclerosis and manifests mostly in the form of chronic stable angina or acute coronary syndrome. Vitamin D has attracted considerable interest recently due to its role in a number of extraskeletal disease processes including multiple sclerosis, malignancies, diabetes mellitus, and CAD. It is also known as sunshine vitamin due to its production in the body following exposure to ultraviolet rays, and it is a unique vitamin as it acts like a hormone with its receptor present in a wide range of tissues including endothelium, which is the important mediator of atherosclerosis and subsequent CAD. A large number of studies conducted in the past have provided the basic scientific framework and this article attempts to explore the role of Vitamin D deficiency in the pathogenesis of CAD and stresses the need for further research to fill up gap in our knowledge.

  5. Lack of MEF2A mutations in coronary artery disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weng, Li; Kavaslar, Nihan; Ustaszewska, Anna; Doelle, Heather; Schackwitz, Wendy; Hebert, Sybil; Cohen, Jonathan; McPherson, Ruth; Pennacchio, Len A.

    2004-12-01

    Mutations in MEF2A have been implicated in an autosomal dominant form of coronary artery disease (adCAD1). In this study we sought to determine whether severe mutations in MEF2A might also explain sporadic cases of coronary artery disease (CAD). To do this, we resequenced the coding sequence and splice sites of MEF2A in {approx}300 patients with premature CAD and failed to find causative mutations in the CAD cohort. However, we did identify the 21 base pair (bp) MEF2A coding sequence deletion originally implicated in adCAD1 in one of 300 elderly control subjects without CAD. Further screening of an additional {approx}1,500 non-CAD patients revealed two more subjects with the MEF2A 21 bp deletion. Genotyping of 19 family members of the three probands with the 21 bp deletion in MEF2A revealed that the mutation did not co-segregate with early CAD. These studies demonstrate that MEF2A mutations are not a common cause of CAD and cast serious doubt on the role of the MEF2A 21 bp deletion in adCAD1.

  6. Nanotechnology in diagnosis and treatment of coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karimi, Mahdi; Zare, Hossein; Bakhshian Nik, Amirala; Yazdani, Narges; Hamrang, Mohammad; Mohamed, Elmira; Sahandi Zangabad, Parham; Moosavi Basri, Seyed Masoud; Bakhtiari, Leila; Hamblin, Michael R

    2016-03-01

    Nanotechnology could provide a new complementary approach to treat coronary artery disease (CAD) which is now one of the biggest killers in the Western world. The course of events, which leads to atherosclerosis and CAD, involves many biological factors and cellular disease processes which may be mitigated by therapeutic methods enhanced by nanotechnology. Nanoparticles can provide a variety of delivery systems for cargoes such as drugs and genes that can address many problems within the arteries. In order to improve the performance of current stents, nanotechnology provides different nanomaterial coatings, in addition to controlled-release nanocarriers, to prevent in-stent restenosis. Nanotechnology can increase the efficiency of drugs, improve local and systematic delivery to atherosclerotic plaques and reduce the inflammatory or angiogenic response after intravascular intervention. Nanocarriers have potential for delivery of imaging and diagnostic agents to precisely targeted destinations. This review paper will cover the current applications and future outlook of nanotechnology, as well as the main diagnostic methods, in the treatment of CAD. PMID:26906471

  7. Treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension in connective tissue disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grünig, Ekkehard

    2012-05-28

    Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a group of distinct disorders that includes idiopathic PAH (IPAH), familial PAH and PAH associated with other conditions (APAH) such as connective tissue disease (CTD-APAH) or congenital heart disease. PAH is characterized by increased pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance. If left untreated, PAH can lead to right heart failure and premature death. CTD-APAH represents an important clinical subgroup of APAH that has a higher risk of death than IPAH. The European treatment guidelines advocate the use of PAH-targeted therapies including bosentan, ambrisentan, sildenafil, inhaled iloprost, intravenous epoprostenol (I-A recommendations), tadalafil or treprostinil (I-B recommendations) for patients in WHO functional class II-III. Not all randomized clinical studies of the approved PAH-targeted therapies have included patients with CTD-APAH. The purpose of this review is to describe the clinical characteristics of CTD-APAH and discuss the approved pharmacological treatments, with a focus on data specific to this subgroup where possible. PMID:22621693

  8. Asymmetric Dimethylarginine versus Proton Pump Inhibitors Usage in Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease: A Cross-Sectional Study

    OpenAIRE

    Olga Kruszelnicka; Jolanta Świerszcz; Jacek Bednarek; Bernadeta Chyrchel; Andrzej Surdacki; Jadwiga Nessler

    2016-01-01

    A recent experimental study suggested that proton pump inhibitors (PPI), widely used to prevent gastroduodenal complications of dual antiplatelet therapy, may increase the accumulation of the endogenous nitric oxide synthesis antagonist asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an adverse outcome predictor. Our aim was to assess the effect of PPI usage on circulating ADMA in coronary artery disease (CAD). Plasma ADMA levels were compared according to PPI use for ≥1 month prior to admission in 128 p...

  9. Gender Modifies the Effects of Education and Income on Sleep Quality of the Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Shervin Assari; Maryam Moghani Lankarani; Davoud Kazemi Saleh; Khodabakhsh Ahmadi

    2013-01-01

    Background: This study aimed to investigate the interaction between gender and other socio-economic characteristics on sleep quality of the patients with Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted on 717 patients with CAD. The socio- economic status (education level, income, marital status, and place of residence) was considered as the independent variable. Besides, the study outcome was the quality of sleep which was measured using Pittsburgh Sleep Q...

  10. A randomised trial comparing the effect of exercise training and weight loss on microvascular function in coronary artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Rasmus Huan; Pedersen, Lene Rørholm; Jürs, Anders;

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Coronary microvascular function is associated with outcome and is reduced in coronary artery disease (CAD) and obesity. We compared the effect of aerobic interval training (AIT) and weight loss on coronary flow reserve (CFR) and peripheral vascular function in revascularised obese CAD...... might impact prognosis of CAD through improvement of coronary microvascular function. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01724567....

  11. Preventive health care, 2000 update: screening and management of hyperhomocysteinemia for the prevention of coronary artery disease events

    OpenAIRE

    Booth, G. L.; Wang, E E

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To establish guidelines for the screening and treatment of hyperhomocysteinemia in the investigation and management of coronary artery disease (CAD). OPTIONS: Measurement of plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) levels in the fasting state or 4-6 hours after oral methionine load; vitamin supplementation with folic acid and vitamins B6 and B12; adherence to the recommended daily allowance of dietary sources of folate and vitamins B6 and B12. OUTCOMES: This article reviews the available e...

  12. [Vascular rehabilitation in patients with peripheral arterial disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Holanda, Ana; Aubourg, Marion; Dubus-Bausière, Valérie; Eveno, Dominique; Abraham, Pierre

    2013-06-01

    Lower limb peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a frequent debilitating disease associated with a high morbidity and mortality rate. The benefit of rehabilitation in PAD patients has been largely demonstrated, both for patients that undergo amputation, and for patients with claudication. In these latter patients, rehabilitation programs rely on a variety of additional techniques or tools, among which: stretching, specific muscle proprioception, walking and a variety of other physical activities, exercise or situations adapted to community life, lower limb and respiratory physiotherapy, patient's education, support for smoking cessation and healthy nutrition, social support, etc. Whether rehabilitation is performed in specialised integrated structures or performed on a home-based basis, various clinicians are involved. Despite evidence-based proof of efficacy, rehabilitation of PAD patients with claudication is still under-used. PMID:23669319

  13. Asymptomatic coronary artery disease in Type-2 diabetes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To select a subgroup of type-2 diabetics with two additional pre specified risk factors to see that whether there is any benefit of screening such patients. Methodology: Five hundred twenty six patients were sent for treadmill stress test or thallium scan. Those who had abnormal results were advised coronary angiography. The angiographically proven CAD was correlated with various risk factors to find the relationship between the disease and variables. Results: Two hundred thirty five (48%) patients had abnormal results and among them 158 (67%)underwent coronary angiography. Among these 21% had evidence of CAD. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was performed in 35(33%) patients, catheter based intervention (PCI) in 44(40%) patients and 30(27%) patients were not suitable for intervention. Duration of diabetes, smoking, diabetic retinopathy, albuminuria, and peripheral vascular disease were significant predictor of asymptomatic CAD. Conclusion: This study has demonstrated strong relationship between risk factors and asymptomatic CAD in type 2 diabetics. (author)

  14. Non-arterial assessment of blood gas status in patients with chronic pulmonary disease.

    OpenAIRE

    Elborn, J. S.; Finch, M B; Stanford, C. F.

    1991-01-01

    Assessment of blood gas status is important in the management of patients with chronic pulmonary disease. Arterial puncture is often painful and may damage the arterial wall. Measurement of oxygen saturation by transcutaneous oximetry offers a non-invasive alternative to arterial methods but does not allow assessment of partial pressure of carbon dioxide. We have examined the value of oximetry and dorsal hand venous carbon dioxide as an alternative to arterial puncture. Transcutaneous oxygen ...

  15. The impact of carotid artery disease on outcomes of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting O impacto da doença da artéria carótida nos resultados de pacientes submetidos à revascularização miocárdica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monir Abbaszadeh

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Although the overall complication rate has been decreased significantly in recent years, stroke is a severe complication after coronary bypass operations. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the influence of carotid artery disease on the results of patients under CABG operation. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, 1,978 patients under CABG operation were studied in Shariati Hospital between April 2002 and March 2006. The patients who had only valve replacement or non-CABG procedure were excluded from this study. As part of preoperative evaluation, carotid duplex ultrasonography scans were performed. In order to estimate the degree of carotid arteries stenosis, ultrasound imaging measurement and velocity criteria were considered. The patients were classified into three groups: those with no significant stenosis of the internal carotid artery (ICA (moderate group A, those with significant stenosis (sever group B and those with the occluded ICA (critical group C. Finally, all data were analyzed by SPSS software. Statistical analyses were performed using the following testes; chi-square, Fisher exact and Student's t tests. RESULTS: The distribution of the 1,978 patients undergoing CABG operation were as follows: group A = 1,938, group B = 30, and group C = 10. The results of the evaluations show that perioperative stroke rates were 1.2% (24 patients in group A, 0.4% (eight patients in group B and 0.3% (six patients in group C (POBJETIVO: Embora a taxa de complicação geral tenha diminuído significativamente em anos recentes, o acidente vascular cerebral é uma complicação grave após operações de revascularização do miocárdio. O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar a influência da doença da artéria carótida nos resultados de pacientes submetidos à operação de revascularização do miocárdio (CABG. MÉTODO: Em um estudo de coorte retrospectivo, 1.978 pacientes submetidos à revascularização do miocárdio foram

  16. Buerger's disease associated with visceral artery occlusions: computed tomography angiography findings of a case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Introduction: Thromboangiitis obliterans or Buerger's Disease (BD) is characterized by occlusive segmental and often multiple inflammatory lesions of medium and small-sized arteries and superficial veins.This disease rarely effects the visceral arteries. Objectives and tasks: In this report, we present the computed tomography angiography (CTA) findings of a BD case associated with inferior mesenteric and splenic artery occlusions. Materials and methods: A 35-year-old man with BD is referred to our department for aorta and bilateral lower extremity arterial CTA examination. Results: On CTA, abdominal aorta and bilateral iliac arteries were normal. The distal 2/3 of the anterior tibial artery was thin and there were multisegmented stenoses at proximal 1/3 part. Right posterior tibial artery was occluded. In addition to the stenoses of the extremity arteries, splenic artery was occluded and the spleen was feeding by collateral vessels. The proximal part of the inferior mesenteric artery was occluded, as well and the distal segment was filling retrogradely via collaterals. Conclusion: BD rarely effects the visceral arteries. CTA which is used commonly in daily radiology practice, is a reliable imaging modality for the detection of the visceral artery occlusions in addition to the pathologies of the extremity arteries in BD patients

  17. Cardiac biomarkers in the diagnosis, prognosis and management of coronary artery disease: A primer for internists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vineet Chopra

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Initially coined in 1989, biomarkers have become a cornerstone of modern cardiovascular medicine. The past decade has borne witness to the rapid transition of cardiac biomarkers from bench to bedside in the management of patients with coronary artery disease. The implementation of cardiac biomarkers has transformed the internists′ approach to cardiovascular patients. This article reviews several cardiac biomarkers in the context of diagnosis, prognosis, risk-assessment and management of patients at risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes. Biomarkers are presented according to their relevant role in the atherosclerotic cascade, a pathologic classification of particular value for internists, as it defines the role of these agents in the pathogenesis of heart disease. Where pertinent, limitations of cardiac biomarkers are discussed, thus allowing the discerning practitioner to remain cognizant of situations that may lead to spurious marker elevation or suppression. The review concludes with highlights on novel avenues of biomarker research that promise an exciting future for these entities.

  18. Arterial spin-labelling perfusion MRI and outcome in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hyperperfusion may be related to outcome in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether arterial spin labelling (ASL) perfusion is associated with outcome in neonates with HIE and to compare the predictive value of ASL MRI to known MRI predictive markers. Twenty-eight neonates diagnosed with HIE and assessed with MR imaging (conventional MRI, diffusion-weighted MRI, MR spectroscopy [MRS], and ASL MRI) were included. Perfusion in the basal ganglia and thalami was measured. Outcome at 9 or 18 months of age was scored as either adverse (death or cerebral palsy) or favourable. The median (range) perfusion in the basal ganglia and thalami (BGT) was 63 (28-108) ml/100 g/min in the neonates with adverse outcome and 28 (12-51) ml/100 g/min in the infants with favourable outcome (p 2 = 0.86, p < 0.001). Higher ASL perfusion values in neonates with HIE are associated with a worse neurodevelopmental outcome. A combination of the MRS and ASL MRI information is the best predictor of outcome. (orig.)

  19. Arterial stiffness and endothelial dysfunction independently and synergistically predict cardiovascular and renal outcome in patients with type 1 diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Theilade, S; Lajer, Maria Stenkil; Jorsal, Anders;

    2012-01-01

    To evaluate whether pulse pressure alone or with placental growth factor as estimates of arterial stiffness and endothelial dysfunction, predicts mortality, cardiovascular disease and progression to end-stage renal disease in patients with Type 1 diabetes.......To evaluate whether pulse pressure alone or with placental growth factor as estimates of arterial stiffness and endothelial dysfunction, predicts mortality, cardiovascular disease and progression to end-stage renal disease in patients with Type 1 diabetes....

  20. Diagnostic evaluation of uterine artery Doppler sonography for the prediction of adverse pregnancy outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mojgan Barati

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Increased impedance to flow in the uterine arteries assessed by value of the Doppler is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, especially pre-eclampsia. We investigated the predictive value of a uterine artery Doppler in the identification of adverse pregnancy outcomes such as ′pre-eclampsia′ and ′small fetus for gestational age′ (SGA. Materials and Methods: Three hundred and seventy-nine women, with singleton pregnancy, between 18 and 40 years of age, without risk factors, randomly underwent Doppler interrogation of the uterine arteries, between 16-22 weeks of gestation. Those who had a mean pulsatility index (PI of >1.45 were considered to have an abnormal result, and were evaluated and compared with those who had normal results for adverse pregnancy outcomes, including pre-eclampsia and small for gestational age. The relationship between the variables was assessed with the use of the chi-square test. Results : There were 17 cases (4.5% of abnormal uterine artery Doppler results and 15 of them (88.2% developed pre-eclampsia and four cases (23.5% had neonates small for gestational age. For predicting pre-eclampsia, the mean uterine artery PI had to be >1.45, had to have a specificity of 95.5% (95% CI, 70-92%, a sensitivity of 79% (95% CI, 43-82%, a negative predictive value (NPV of 98.9% (95% CI, 72-96%, and a positive predictive value (PPV of 88.2% (95% CI, 68-98%. In the case of ′small for gestational age′ it had to have a specificity of 96.5% (95% CI, 42-68%, a sensitivity of 57% (95% CI, 53-76%, an NPV of 99.2% (95% CI, 70-92%, and a PPV of 23.5% (95% CI, 30-72%. Conclusion : Uterine artery Doppler evaluation at 16-22 weeks of gestation might be an appropriate tool for identifying pregnancies that may be at an increased risk for development of pre-eclampsia and small fetus for gestational age.

  1. Left ventricular diastolic function in patients with coronary artery disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 302 patients with confirmed coronary disease we determined the left ventricular diastolic function with the Nuclear Stethoscope by the aid of the Peak Filling Rate (PFR) and the Time to Peak Filling Rate (TPFR). Moreover we investigated the ejection fraction (EF). 201 patients had already suffered a myocardial infarction, of these 99 an anterior wall and 102 an inferior wall infarction. The remaining 101 patients had a CAD without a history of myocardial infarction. The PFR was 2.19 ± 0.65 EDV/sec in the 99 patients after anterior wall infarction and 2.62 ± 0.85 EDV/sec in the 102 patients after inferior wall infarction and 2.79 ± 0.85 EDV/sec in 101 patients with coronary artery disease without a history of myocardial infarction. For the PFR there could be found a statistically significant difference between normal patients and patients after anterior wall infarction (p < 0.0001), normal patients and patients after inferior wall infarction (p < 0.0001) and normal patients and patients with coronary artery disease (p < 0.0001). The TPFR was 180 ± 37.5 msec after anterior - and 158 ± 50.7 msec after inferior wall infarction and 156 ± 45.2 msec in the patients with CAD without previous infarction. The left ventricular diastolic function (PFR and/or TPFR) was abnormal in 88% after anterior- and in 82% after inferior wall infarction and in 69% in coronary patients without previous myocardial infarction. In comparison with this the ejection fraction was reduced in 66% in anterior- and in 61% inferior wall infarction at rest. These results indicate that the diastolic function at rest appears to be more informative for evaluation of a left ventricular dysfunction than the systolic function at rest. (orig.)

  2. Left ventricular diastolic function in patients with coronary artery disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brugger, P.T.

    1986-08-01

    In 302 patients with confirmed coronary disease we determined the left ventricular diastolic function with the Nuclear Stethoscope by the aid of the Peak Filling Rate (PFR) and the Time to Peak Filling Rate (TPFR). Moreover we investigated the ejection fraction (EF). 201 patients had already suffered a myocardial infarction, of these 99 an anterior wall and 102 an inferior wall infarction. The remaining 101 patients had a CAD without a history of myocardial infarction. The PFR was 2.19 +- 0.65 EDV/sec in the 99 patients after anterior wall infarction and 2.62 +- 0.85 EDV/sec in the 102 patients after inferior wall infarction and 2.79 +- 0.85 EDV/sec in 101 patients with coronary artery disease without a history of myocardial infarction. For the PFR there could be found a statistically significant difference between normal patients and patients after anterior wall infarction (p < 0.0001), normal patients and patients after inferior wall infarction (p < 0.0001) and normal patients and patients with coronary artery disease (p < 0.0001). The TPFR was 180 +- 37.5 msec after anterior - and 158 +- 50.7 msec after inferior wall infarction and 156 +- 45.2 msec in the patients with CAD without previous infarction. The left ventricular diastolic function (PFR and/or TPFR) was abnormal in 88% after anterior- and in 82% after inferior wall infarction and in 69% in coronary patients without previous myocardial infarction. In comparison with this the ejection fraction was reduced in 66% in anterior- and in 61% inferior wall infarction at rest. These results indicate that the diastolic function at rest appears to be more informative for evaluation of a left ventricular dysfunction than the systolic function at rest.

  3. Adipofascial sural artery flap for foot and ankle reconstruction in children: for better aesthetic outcome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wheel spoke injury of the ankle and foot is very common in children and its reconstruction is challenging. Reverse flow sural artery fasciocutaneous flap is versatile for this area but lead to significant donor site morbidity. Free tissue transfer is an option in children which needs a micro-vascular expertise, expensive equipment and long operating time. Method: Fifteen adipofascial flaps were done for foot and ankle coverage from June 2011 to June 2014 at CH and ICH Lahore. The efficacy of adipofascial sural artery flap for the coverage of these defects was evaluated. Results: Fifteen children presented with defects of foot and ankle, 11 (73%) were male and 4 (27%) were female. Their age ranged from 1 - 13 years. All patients had trauma to the foot due to wheel spoke injury. Flaps were used to cover tendoachilles and malleoli. In one patient there was flap tip necrosis with partial graft loss which healed with dressings. Donor site aesthetic outcome was satisfactory in all cases. Mean follow-up was I year. Conclusion: Adipofascial Sural artery flap is quick and safe with wide arc of rotation, minimal donor site morbidity and better aesthetic outcome and it does not sacrifice major extremity vessel. (author)

  4. Integration of umbilical venous and arterial Doppler flow parameters for prediction of adverse perinatal outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hebbar Shripad

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Quantification of umbilical vein (UV blood flow rate and umbilical artery Doppler indices might be valuable in assessing fetuses at increased risk of perinatal complications as they receive their supply of oxygen and nutrients through this vessel. Previous studies have indicated that UV blood volume flow rate to umbilical artery pulsatility index (UAPI ratio (venous arterial index [VAI] evaluates both venous and arterial arm of fetal umbilical circulation and hence, can be adopted as a screening tool in management of high risk pregnancy. Objectives: To compare umbilical VAI with adverse perinatal outcome and also to evaluate its efficacy with other flow indices in determining perinatal outcome. Materials and Methods: Various Doppler indices such as normalized blood flow rate in UV (nUV, ml/kg estimated fetal weight/min, VAI (nUV/UAPI, umbilical artery resistance index (RI, UAPI, and systolic diastolic ratio were determined in 103 pregnant women within 2 weeks of the delivery. A risk score was devised using APGAR at 5 min, birth weight, preterm delivery, fetal distress, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU care, and perinatal death and this score was correlated with antenatal Doppler findings. Results: Subjects with low VAI were found to have a greater association with intrauterine growth restricted fetuses (28.5% and low liquor (35.7%, preterm deliveries (46.4%, lower mean birth weight (2.25 kg, higher NICU admission rates (32.1%. The unfavorable score was noticed in 25.2% of the neonates. They had lower VAI (156 vs. 241, UV diameter (6.2 mm vs. 7.8 mm, UV velocity (16.2 vs. 17.8, nUV (163.7 vs. 206.4, and higher PI (1.3 vs. 0.9. A cut-off of VAI of 105 ml/kg/min had sensitivity of 86.7% and a specificity of 93.5% for predicting poor perinatal outcome. Conclusion: VAI with a cut-off of 105 ml/kg/min can be used as an additional tool along with the other conventional Doppler indices in order to predict adverse fetal outcome.

  5. Joint segmentation of lumen and outer wall from femoral artery MR images: Towards 3D imaging measurements of peripheral arterial disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ukwatta, Eranga; Yuan, Jing; Qiu, Wu; Rajchl, Martin; Chiu, Bernard; Fenster, Aaron

    2015-12-01

    Three-dimensional (3D) measurements of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) plaque burden extracted from fast black-blood magnetic resonance (MR) images have shown to be more predictive of clinical outcomes than PAD stenosis measurements. To this end, accurate segmentation of the femoral artery lumen and outer wall is required for generating volumetric measurements of PAD plaque burden. Here, we propose a semi-automated algorithm to jointly segment the femoral artery lumen and outer wall surfaces from 3D black-blood MR images, which are reoriented and reconstructed along the medial axis of the femoral artery to obtain improved spatial coherence between slices of the long, thin femoral artery and to reduce computation time. The developed segmentation algorithm enforces two priors in a global optimization manner: the spatial consistency between the adjacent 2D slices and the anatomical region order between the femoral artery lumen and outer wall surfaces. The formulated combinatorial optimization problem for segmentation is solved globally and exactly by means of convex relaxation using a coupled continuous max-flow (CCMF) model, which is a dual formulation to the convex relaxed optimization problem. In addition, the CCMF model directly derives an efficient duality-based algorithm based on the modern multiplier augmented optimization scheme, which has been implemented on a GPU for fast computation. The computed segmentations from the developed algorithm were compared to manual delineations from experts using 20 black-blood MR images. The developed algorithm yielded both high accuracy (Dice similarity coefficients ≥ 87% for both the lumen and outer wall surfaces) and high reproducibility (intra-class correlation coefficient of 0.95 for generating vessel wall area), while outperforming the state-of-the-art method in terms of computational time by a factor of ≈ 20. PMID:26387053

  6. Serial assessment of arterial stiffness by cardio-ankle vascular index for prediction of future cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otsuka, Kenichiro; Fukuda, Shota; Shimada, Kenei; Suzuki, Kenji; Nakanishi, Koki; Yoshiyama, Minoru; Yoshikawa, Junichi

    2014-11-01

    Arterial stiffness is a significant predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD), the risk of which is modified by medications for atherosclerotic risk factors and life-style changes. Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) provides noninvasive, objective information on arterial stiffness, independent of blood pressure. This study aimed to investigate changes in CAVI after management of atherosclerotic risk factors, and the impact of these changes on future CVD outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The study consisted of 211 CAD patients (65 ± 10 years, 118 men) with impaired CAVI. CAVI examination was repeated 6 months later. Impaired CAVI was defined as greater than the mean plus 1 s.d. of the age- and gender-specific normal CAVI values, according to results obtained in 5188 healthy subjects. All patients were followed for > 1 year or until the occurrence of a CVD event. Of the 211 patients, CAVI improved in 106 (50%) patients after 6 months, but remained high in 105 (50%) patients. During follow-up (2.9 ± 1.0 years), CVD events occurred in 28 (13%) patients. Persistently impaired CAVI was an independent predictor of future CVD events (P = 0.01), independent of baseline CAVI. CVD outcomes were worse in patients with persistently impaired CAVI than in those with improved CAVI (P < 0.001). Among patients with a normalized CAVI after treatment (n = 22) only one suffered a CVD event. This study was the first to demonstrate that persistent impairment of arterial stiffness was an independent risk factor of future CVD events. Serial measurements of CAVI provide important prognostic information regarding patients with CAD in clinical practice. PMID:25007768

  7. Prospective coronary angioscopy assessment of allograft coronary artery disease in human cardiac transplant recipients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Ashit; Ventura, Hector O.; Collins, Tyrone J.; Ramee, Stephen R.; White, Christopher J.

    1993-09-01

    Annual angiographic assessment to determine the presence or progression of allograft coronary artery disease (CAD) has been unable to modify the natural history of this disease. Coronary angioscopy is a sensitive method to detect the early presence of coronary artery disease and in a retrospective analysis severity of CAD by angioscopy correlated with the time since transplantation. The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate progression of coronary artery disease over a one year period in 40 cardiac transplant recipients. The progression of coronary artery disease as assessed by angioscopy is directly related to time after transplantation and therefore angioscopy may be the method of choice for detection and evaluation of therapeutic regimens to control allograft coronary artery disease.

  8. Primary diagnosis of coronary artery disease by MRI and CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Invasive coronary angiography is the gold standard for the primary diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). At most, only every other examination leads to revascularization therapy. The other coronary angiographies could be replaced by non-invasive examinations. Diagnosing CAD by cardiac MRI and CT can utilize three different strategies: detection of coronary calcifications; imaging of coronary artery stenoses; and detection of restricted myocardial perfusion reserve. Applications are coronary calcification scoring by CT, coronary angiography by MRI or CT, stress cine MRI, and stress perfusion MRI. All these methods are currently used clinically because of their high negative predictive value, i.e., a normal result mostly rules out a hemodynamically significant CAD. For a reasonable implication in clinical practice, however, the pre-test probability must be considered to avoid needless examinations. High pre-test probability invariably demands invasive coronary angiography for planning or performing revascularization therapy. Intermediate pre-test probability, on the contrary, justifies to defer further imaging studies if MRI or CT is normal. Thus, adequate selection of patients for cardiac MRI and CT may reduce the number of invasive coronary angiographies in the future. (orig.)

  9. Cystic adventitial disease of the popliteal artery: features on 3T cardiovascular magnetic resonance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gelabert Hugh

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Cystic adventitial disease (CAD of the popliteal artery is a rare vascular disease of unknown etiology in which a mucin-containing cyst develops in the adventitial layer of the artery. We report the case of a 26-year-old male with CAD of the right popliteal artery diagnosed non-invasively with 3 Tesla cardiovascular magnetic resonance and confirmed on post-operative histopathology.

  10. Coronary arterial Disease associated with arteriosclerosis in lower extremity: Angiographic analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We performed both peripheral and coronary angiographies in 52 patients with an arteriosclerosis in lower extremities. The severity of arteriosclerotic narrowing of the coronary and peripheral arteries were compared on angiographies. An angiographic vascular score(AVS, 0-5) reflecting the number and the degree of stenosis in 12 lower extremity arteries and three major coronary arteries was assigned to each angiogram and the sun of scores in the lower extremity arteries was compared with the incidence of significant coronary artery disease (more than grade 3) and coronary score. Relation of incidence and severity of vascular stenosis and risk factors (diabetes metallitus, hypertension, smoking, and hypercholesterolemia) was also analyzed. Thirty-four of 52 patients (65%) had an angiographically significant coronary artery disease. Thirteen of these 34 patients (38%) had no clinical symptom and sign of the ischemic heart disease. There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence and severity of coronary artery disease between high (more than 30) and low AVS group in lower extremity (p>0.14). All patients had at least one risk factor and 49 of 52 patients (94%) had multiple risk factors. Coronary angiography was normal in there patients with only one risk factors, and angiographically significant coronary artery disease existed in nine of 16 cases (56.3%) with two risk factors. 13 of 17 case (76.5%) with three risk factors, and 12 of 16 cases (75.0%) with all four risk factors. There were no significant correlations between individual risk factors and incidence, severity of arteriosclerosis in coronary and lower extremity arteries. In conclusion, angiographic evaluation of the coronary artery disease in patients with lower extremity arteriosclerosis is necessary because of the high chance of coronary artery disease and difficulty in the prediction of coronary artery disease with a severity of the peripheral arteriosclerosis, presence of various risk

  11. Cystic adventitial disease of the popliteal artery: features on 3T cardiovascular magnetic resonance

    OpenAIRE

    Gelabert Hugh; Finn J Paul; Lai Chi; Tomasian Anderanik; Krishnam Mayil S

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Cystic adventitial disease (CAD) of the popliteal artery is a rare vascular disease of unknown etiology in which a mucin-containing cyst develops in the adventitial layer of the artery. We report the case of a 26-year-old male with CAD of the right popliteal artery diagnosed non-invasively with 3 Tesla cardiovascular magnetic resonance and confirmed on post-operative histopathology.

  12. Role of TGF-β signaling in remodeling of noncoronary artery aneurysms in kawasaki disease

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, AM; Shimizu, C.; Oharaseki, T; K. Takahashi; Daniels, LB; Kahn, A.; Adamson, R.; Dembitsky, W; Gordon, JB; Burns, JC

    2015-01-01

    © 2015 Society for Pediatric Pathology. Coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) remain an important complication of Kawasaki disease (KD), the most common form of pediatric acquired heart disease in developed countries. Potentially life-threatening CAA develop in 25% of untreated children and 5% of children treated with highdose intravenous immunoglobulin during the acute phase of the self-limited vasculitis. Noncoronary artery aneurysms (NCAA) in extraparenchymal, muscular arteries occur in aminorit...

  13. Risk prediction and risk reduction in patients with manifest arterial disease

    OpenAIRE

    Goessens, B.M.B.

    2006-01-01

    Risicovoorspelling en risicoverlaging bij patienten met manifest vaatlijden Engelstalig abstract The number of patients with clinical manifest arterial disease is increasing because of the aging of the population. Patients with manifest arterial disease have an increased risk of a new vascular event in the same or different arterial bed. Medical treatment of vascular risk factors (hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus) and lifestyle changes (healthy diets, exercise, quit smoking) ca...

  14. Interventional therapy for arterial occlusive disease of lower extremity in patients with diabetes: an analysis of therapeutic results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To discuss the feasibility and outcomes of interventional therapy for peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) in patients with diabetes. Methods: During the period of 2006-2009 a total of 80 interventional procedures were performed in 63 diabetes patients who suffered from intermittent claudication or severe ischemia of lower limb. Forty-six patients received a single interventional procedure and the other seventeen patients received the treatment two times. The clinical data, including complications and outcomes, were retrospectively analyzed. The therapeutic means included PTA alone and PTA together with arterial stenting. The treated arteries included iliac (17.6%), femoral (42.4%), popliteal (23.5%) and tibial artery (16.5%). Based on the ultrasonographic re-examination findings the arterial patent rate was determined with Kaplan-Meier method. The mean follow-up time was 21.9 months (ranged from 6 to 36 months). Results: The mean age was 71.4 years and 57.3% were males. Hypertension was accompanied in 37 patients (58.7%), and coronary artery disease in 19 patients (30.4%). In 52.2% of patients there was a history of cigarette smoking. The technical success rate of interventional procedure was 97.8% (45/46). No death occurred within 30 days after the treatment. Ankle brachial index was increased from 0.397±0.136 before operation to 0.783±0.134 after operation, with P<0.001. The initial arterial patency at 6, 12, 242 and 36 months was 84.4%, 57.9%, 49.8% and 40.7% respectively, while the corresponding secondary arterial patency was 91.1%, 79.1%, 65.7% and 54.1% respectively (P<0.01). At 6, 12, 24 and 36 months, the limb-salvage rate was 93.3%, 86%, 83.3% and 83.3% in patients with limb-threatening conditions. Conclusion: Percutaneous interventional revascularization management is a micro-invasive treatment for peripheral arterial occlusive disease in diabetes patients. This techniaue carries low risk of morbidity and mortality and fewer

  15. Impact of spontaneous fibroid expulsion of uterine leiomyoma on pregnancy outcome after uterine arteries embolization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Medvediev M.V.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Uterine leiomyoma (UL is common benign tumor of female genitals. Uterine artery embolization (UAE is widely used method of organ-sparing UL treatment. Safe ty of this procedure for future fertility and labor is controversial. We present a case of pregnancy in woman who previously underwent uterine artery embolization. During 12-months’ follow-up period patient periodically noted vaginal di¬scharge. No signs of UL have been found on ultrasound in 12 months of follow-up. Normal pregnancy occurred 1.5 years after UAE procedure which ended in normal labor without complications. Most authors report increased risk of pregnancy complications such as postpartum hemorrhage, preterm delivery, malpresentation after UAE. Our point of view is that a lot of pregnancy complications are possibly associated with persistence of necrotic leiomyoma tissue in uterine wall after UAE. Presented case allowed to draw preliminary conclusions that complete disappearance of UL nodule after UAE could improve pregnancy outcomes.

  16. Peripheral Arterial Disease Study (PERART: Prevalence and predictive values of asymptomatic peripheral arterial occlusive disease related to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bundó Magda

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The early diagnosis of atherosclerotic disease is essential for developing preventive strategies in populations at high risk and acting when the disease is still asymptomatic. A low ankle-arm index (AAI is a good marker of vascular events and may be diminished without presenting symptomatology (silent peripheral arterial disease. The aim of the PERART study (PERipheral ARTerial disease is to determine the prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (both silent and symptomatic in a general population of both sexes and determine its predictive value related to morbimortality (cohort study. Methods/Design This cross-over, cohort study consists of 2 phases: firstly a descriptive, transversal cross-over study to determine the prevalence of peripheral arterial disease, and secondly, a cohort study to evaluate the predictive value of AAI in relation to cardiovascular morbimortality. From September 2006 to June 2007, a total of 3,010 patients over the age of 50 years will be randomly selected from a population adscribed to 24 healthcare centres in the province of Barcelona (Spain. The diagnostic criteria of peripheral arterial disease will be considered as an AAI Discussion In this study we hope to determine the prevalence of peripheral arterial disease, especially the silent forms, in the general population and establish its relationship with cardiovascular morbimortality. A low AAI may be a better marker of arterial disease than the classical cardiovascular risk factors and may, therefore, contribute to improving the predictive value of the equations of cardiovascular risk and thereby allowing optimisation of multifactorial treatment of atherosclerotic disease.

  17. Novel oral anticoagulants in the management of coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMahon, Sean R; Brummel-Ziedins, Kathleen; Schneider, David J

    2016-08-01

    Despite advances in interventional and pharmacologic therapy, survivors of myocardial infarction remain at an increased risk of subsequent cardiovascular events. Initial pharmacological management includes both platelet inhibition and parenteral anticoagulation, whereas long-term pharmacological therapy relies on antiplatelet therapy for prevention of thrombotic complications. Biomarkers showing ongoing thrombin generation after acute coronary syndromes suggest that anticoagulants may provide additional benefit in reducing cardiovascular events. We review the pharmacokinetics of novel anticoagulants, clinical trial results, the role of monitoring, and future directions for the use of novel oral anticoagulants in the treatment of coronary artery disease. Clinical trials have shown that long-term use of oral anticoagulants decreases the risk of cardiovascular events, but they do so at a cost of an increased risk of bleeding. Future studies will need to identify optimal treatment combinations for selected patients and conditions that address both the appropriate combination of therapy and the appropriate dosage of each agent when used in combination. PMID:27228186

  18. Improved MR imaging of extracranial carotid artery disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Flow-related and phase-encoding artifacts and a nonorthogonal vessel course frequently degrade MR images of the extracranial carotid artery. Employing out-of-field saturation pulses has significantly improved imaging of the vascular wall and lumen on spin-echo sequences. Flow-related and phase-encoding artifacts have virtually been eliminated. Oblique imaging of the proximal internal carotid has achieved truer axial views of this segment. Ten patients with documented extracranial vascular disease underwent MR evaluation with this imaging protocol. There was excellent correlation between the degree of luminal stenosis on the MR image and on the angiogram. Vessel wall pathology on the endarterectomy specimen correlated with the in vivo MR appearance of the wall. Signal alterations in the plaque representing hemorrhage and calcification were detected

  19. Peripheral Arterial Disease in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sang Youl Rhee

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Peripheral arterial disease (PAD in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM exhibits broad clinical characteristics and various consequences and is known as one of the major macrovascular complications of T2DM. Atherosclerosis is recognized as the most direct and important cause of PAD, but acute or chronic limb ischemia may be the result of various risk factors. In light of the increasing number of patients who undergo peripheral vascular procedures, the number of subjects who are exposed to the risks for PAD and related complications is increasing. In this review, we will discuss the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of PAD, as well as the clinical significance of PAD in T2DM subjects.

  20. Pulmonary arterial hypertension: on the way to a manageable disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mucke, Hermann A M

    2008-09-01

    Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an orphan disease for which no specific pharmacological therapy was available until 1996. Pharmacotherapy for PAH is currently dominated by three endothelin receptor antagonists, bosentan, ambrisentan and sitaxentan (which is not yet approved in the US), and the PDE5 inhibitor sildenafil. Drug candidates undergoing phase III clinical trials for PAH include inhalable and oral treprostinil, aviptadil (an inhalable vasoactive intestinal peptide), and the PDE5 inhibitor tadalafil. Riociguat, a soluble guanylate cyclase stimulator, is scheduled to enter phase III clinical trials in 2008. By approximately 2010, the role of infusable or injectable PGs as treatment for PAH will likely diminish significantly, while inhalable nitric oxide will remain as mainstay therapy in neonatal PAH. Benefits in survival and quality-of-life will decide if any of the more experimental approaches that utilize newly discovered molecular pathways in PAH will ultimately result in marketed drugs. PMID:18729002

  1. PREVALENCE OF PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE IN TYPE - 2 DIABETES MELLITUS AND ITS CORRELATION WITH CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE USING ANKLE - BRACHIAL INDEX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basawaraj

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Peripheral vascular disease is one of the macrovascular complications of diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study was to examine the peripheral arterial disease (PAD complicating type 2 diabetes, in particular the influence of PAD on the risk of coronary artery disease. METHODS: Randomly selected T2DM pat ients admitted to Basaweshwara Teaching and General Hospital were included. In addition to a detailed history and physical examination, anthropometric parameters like body mass index was measured. Relevant laboratory investigations were performed. Modified Rose questionnaire was used to diagnose coronary artery disease (CAD. Colour Doppler examination of the arteries of the lower limbs was performed. A cut off of 7% were significant predictors of PAD. Older age, higher HbA1c levels microalbuminuria and deranged lipid profile were found to be significant predictors of CAD. CONCLUSION: We found evidence of PAD in 16% of type 2 dia betics using ankle brachial index. The prevalence of CAD was higher in patients with PAD. So there is definite and strong correlation between PAD and CAD. Thus the early diagnosis of PAD should alert the clinician to a high probability of underlying CAD. KEYWORDS: D i abetes mellitus; Coronary artery disease; Peripheral artery disease; Ankle - brachial index.

  2. Cardiac symptoms before sudden cardiac death caused by coronary artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jabbari, Reza; Risgaard, Bjarke; Holst, Anders G; Nielsen, Jonas B; Glinge, Charlotte; Engstrøm, Thomas; Bundgaard, Henning; Svendsen, Jesper H; Haunsø, Stig; Winkel, Bo Gregers; Tfelt-Hansen, Jacob

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this nationwide case-control study was to identify and characterise symptoms before sudden death of young persons who had died due to coronary artery disease (CAD).......The aim of this nationwide case-control study was to identify and characterise symptoms before sudden death of young persons who had died due to coronary artery disease (CAD)....

  3. The renal arterial resistive index and stage of chronic kidney disease in patients with renal allograft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winther, Stine O; Thiesson, Helle C; Poulsen, Lene N;

    2012-01-01

    The study investigated the optimal threshold value of renal arterial resistive index as assessed by Doppler ultrasonography determining chronic kidney disease stage 4 or higher in patients with renal allograft.......The study investigated the optimal threshold value of renal arterial resistive index as assessed by Doppler ultrasonography determining chronic kidney disease stage 4 or higher in patients with renal allograft....

  4. 39. Predictors of coronary artery disease in young Saudi patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. ALbarqy

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Coronary artery disease (CAD is defined as obstruction of the lumen of the coronary artery due to formation of atherosclerotic plaque. This eventually leads to reduced blood supply to the heart. It could lead to high morbidity and mortality. Risk factors for CAD are divided into modifiable or non-modifiable. Modifiable such as diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, smoking while non-modifiable risks are family history, age, and gender according to previous studies.The aim of this study is to identify the predictors and the prevalence of coronary disease risk factors among young Saudi patients.This study reviewed 1061 patients referred to the cardiac catheterization lab in King Abdulaziz Cardiac Center in Riyadh between the year 2010 and 2013. Included patients were males and females aged 18-45 years who underwent coronary angiography for various clinical indications.The results were divided into two groups; Group A aged 35 years. Male gender in Gp.A 143 (16.1% vs. Gp.B 747 (83.9% p-value = 0.500. Smoking Gp.A 84 (15.8% vs. Gp.B 446 (84.2% p = 0.680. Obesity Gp.A 43 (14.1% vs. Gp.B 262 (85.9% p = 0.234. Family history Gp.A 24 (23.1% vs. 80 (76.9% p = 0.069. Hyperlipidemia Gp.A 40 (12.9% vs. Gp.B 271 (87.1% p = 0.045. Hypertension Gp.A 20 (8.2% vs. Gp 233 (91.8% p = 35 years we found that HTN and Diabetes were statistically significant risk factors. Therefore, a modification of lifestyle habits is recommended.

  5. Iskemia pada Jari Tangan Penderita Diabetes Melitus: Suatu Keadaan Peripheral Arterial Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Decroli

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Pendahuluan: Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD adalah penyumbatan pada arteri perifer akibat proses atherosklerosis atau proses inflamasi yang menyebabkan lumen arteri menyempit (stenosis, atau pembentukantrombus. Tempat tersering terjadinya PAD adalah daerah tungkai bawah dan jarang ditemukan pada jari tangan.Metode: Laporan kasus. Hasil: Telah dilaporkan suatu kasus iskemia jari tangan yang jarang ditemui di klinik, merupakan suatu PAD. Pembahasan: Selain adanya faktor risiko konvensional seperti diabetes melitus dan keganasan untuk terjadinya trombosis, juga didapatkan suatu kelainan herediter berupa defisiensi antikoagulan yaitu defisiensi protein S, sekalipun protein C dalam batas normal yang secara bersama-sama diduga mempermudah terjadinya trombosis pada arteri perifer. Kata kunci: Diabetes, Iskemia, Peripheral arterial disease, Protein S, Trombosis Abstract Introduction: Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD is occlusion in peripheral artery caused by atherosclerosis or inflammation process that make stenosis in artery, or thrombus formation. High incidence of PAD occur in lower extremity, and rarely in hand and finger. Method: Case report. Result: Has been reported hand ischaemia that rarely found in hand and finger. Discussion: Despite conventional risk factor for thrombosis like diabetes mellitus and malignancy, hereditary disorder of anticoagulant factor deficiency played the same role, like protein S deficiency,eventhough protein C in normal limit. These risk factors made thrombosis at peripheral arteri easier to occur.Keywords:  Diabetes, Ischaemia, Peripheral arterial disease, Protein S, Thrombosis

  6. The Risk of Peripheral Arterial Disease after Parathyroidectomy in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hsuan-Ju; Li, Tsai-Chung; Hsu, Chih-Cheng; Kao, Chia-Hung

    2016-01-01

    Purpose The changes of the risk of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in patients with end-stage renal disease after parathyroidectomy are scant. Methods We used a nationwide health insurance claims database to select all dialysis-dependent patients with end-stage renal disease aged 18 years and older for the study population in 2000 to 2006. Of the patients with end-stage renal disease, we selected 947 patients who had undergone parathyroidectomy as the parathyroidectomy group and frequency matched 3746 patients with end-stage renal disease by sex, age, years since the disease diagnosis, and the year of index date as the non-parathyroidectomy group. We used a multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis with the use of a robust sandwich covariance matrix estimate, accounting for the intra-cluster dependence of hospitals or clinics, to measure the risk of peripheral arterial disease for the parathyroidectomy group compared with the non-parathyroidectomy group after adjusting for sex, age, premium-based income, urbanization, and comorbidity. Results The mean post-op follow-up periods were 5.08 and 4.52 years for the parathyroidectomy and non-parathyroidectomy groups, respectively; the incidence density rate of PAD in the PTX group was 12.26 per 1000 person-years, significantly lower than the data in the non-PTX group (24.09 per 1000 person-years, adjusted HR = 0.66, 95% CI = 0.46–0.94). Conclusion Parathyroidectomy is associated with reduced risk of peripheral arterial disease in patients with end-stage renal disease complicated with severe secondary hyperparathyroidism. PMID:27284924

  7. Genetic epidemiology of coronary artery disease: an Asian Indian perspective

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Shanker Jayashree; Maitra Arindam; Kakkar V. Vijay

    2015-09-01

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) has emerged as a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Recent findings on the role of genetic factors in the aetiopathology of CAD have implicated novel genes and variants in addition to those involved in lipid and lipoprotein metabolism. However, our present knowledge is limited due to lack of clarity on their exact identity and the quantum of impact on disease susceptibility, and incident risk. It is a matter of great interest to understand the role of genetic factors in ethnic populations that have a strong underlying predisposition to CAD such as the South Asian populations, particularly among Asian Indians living in India and abroad. Although, a number of isolated studies do implicate certain gene polymorphisms towards enhanced disease susceptibility, the available data remains scanty and inconclusive as they have not been validated in large, prospective cohorts. The present review aims to consolidate the available literature on the genetics of CAD in Asian Indians and seeks to provide insights on the concerns that need to be addressed in future studies to generate information having clinical value.

  8. Role of coronary physiology in the contemporary management of coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruparelia, Neil; Kharbanda, Rajesh K

    2015-02-16

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) remains the leading cause of death worldwide with approximately 1 in 30 patients with stable CAD experiencing death or acute myocardial infarction each year. The presence and extent of resultant myocardial ischaemia has been shown to confer an increased risk of adverse outcomes. Whilst, optimal medical therapy (OMT) forms the cornerstone of the management of patients with stable CAD, a significant number of patients present with ischaemia refractory to OMT. Historically coronary angiography alone has been used to determine coronary lesion severity in both stable and acute settings. It is increasingly clear that this approach fails to accurately identify the haemodynamic significance of lesions; especially those that are visually "intermediate" in severity. Revascularisation based upon angiographic appearances alone may not reduce coronary events above OMT. Technological advances have enabled the measurement of physiological indices including the fractional flow reserve, the index of microcirculatory resistance and the coronary flow reserve. The integration of these parameters into the routine management of patients presenting to the cardiac catheterization laboratory with CAD represents a critical adjunctive tool in the optimal management of these patients by identifying patients that would most benefit from revascularisation and importantly also highlighting patients that would not gain benefit and therefore reducing the likelihood of adverse outcomes associated with coronary revascularisation. Furthermore, these techniques are applicable to a broad range of patients including those with left main stem disease, proximal coronary disease, diabetes mellitus, previous percutaneous coronary intervention and with previous coronary artery bypass grafting. This review will discuss current concepts relevant to coronary physiology assessment, its role in the management of both stable and acute patients and future applications. PMID:25685761

  9. Arterial spin labeling in patients with chic cerebral artery steno-occlusive disease - Correlation with 15O-PET

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Heterogeneity of arterial transit time due to cerebral artery steno-occlusive lesions hampers accurate regional cerebral blood flow measurement by arterial spin labeling (ASL). Purpose: To assess the feasibility of regional cerebral blood flow measurement by ASL with multiple-delay time sampling in patients with steno-occlusive diseases by comparing with positron emission tomography (PET), and to determine whether regional arterial transit time measured by this ASL technique is correlated with regional mean transit time, a PET index of perfusion pressure. Material and Methods: Sixteen patients with steno-occlusive diseases received both ASL and 15O-PET. The mean regional cerebral blood flow measured by ASL and PET, regional arterial transit time by ASL, and regional mean transit time by PET were obtained by a region-of-interest analysis. Correlation between regional cerebral blood flow by ASL and that by PET, and correlation between regional arterial transit time by ASL and regional mean transit time by PET were tested using Pearson's correlation coefficient for both absolute and relative values. A multivariate regression analysis was performed to test whether regional arterial transit time by ASL was a significant contributor in modeling regional mean transit time by PET after controlling the effect of regional cerebral blood flow by ASL. Results: A significant positive correlation was found between regional cerebral blood flow by ASL and that by PET for both absolute (r = 0.520, P < 0.0001) and relative (r = 0.691, P < 0.0001) values. A significant positive correlation was found between regional arterial transit time by ASL and regional mean transit time by PET both for absolute (r = 0.369, P = 0.0002) and relative (r = 0.443, P < 0.0001) values. The regression analysis revealed that regional arterial transit time by ASL was a significant contributor in modeling regional mean transit time by PET after controlling regional cerebral blood flow by ASL (P

  10. Defining the residual risk of adverse perinatal outcome in growth restricted fetuses with normal umbilical artery blood flow.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O'Dwyer, Vicky

    2014-07-25

    To determine the cause of adverse perinatal outcome in fetal growth restriction(FGR) where umbilical artery Doppler(UA) was normal, as identified from the Prospective Observational Trial to Optimize Pediatric Health(PORTO). We compared cases of adverse outcome where UA Doppler was normal and abnormal.

  11. Ivabradine, coronary artery disease, and heart failure: beyond rhythm control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scicchitano P

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Pietro Scicchitano,1 Francesca Cortese,1 Gabriella Ricci,1 Santa Carbonara,1 Michele Moncelli,1 Massimo Iacoviello,1 Annagrazia Cecere,1 Michele Gesualdo,1 Annapaola Zito,1 Pasquale Caldarola,2 Domenico Scrutinio,3 Rocco Lagioia,3 Graziano Riccioni,4 Marco Matteo Ciccone1 1Section of Cardiovascular Diseases, Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation, University of Bari, School of Medicine, Policlinico, Bari, Italy; 2Section of Cardiovascular Diseases, Policlinic, San Paolo Hospital, Bari, Italy; 3Section of Cardiovascular Diseases, Fondazione Maugeri, Cassano Murge, Italy; 4Intensive Cardiology Care Unit, San Camillo de Lellis Hospital, Manfredonia, Foggia, Italy Abstract: Elevated heart rate could negatively influence cardiovascular risk in the general population. It can induce and promote the atherosclerotic process by means of several mechanisms involving endothelial shear stress and biochemical activities. Furthermore, elevated heart rate can directly increase heart ischemic conditions because of its skill in unbalancing demand/supply of oxygen and decreasing the diastolic period. Thus, many pharmacological treatments have been proposed in order to reduce heart rate and ameliorate the cardiovascular risk profile of individuals, especially those suffering from coronary artery diseases (CAD and chronic heart failure (CHF. Ivabradine is the first pure heart rate reductive drug approved and currently used in humans, created in order to selectively reduce sinus node function and to overcome the many side effects of similar pharmacological tools (ie, β-blockers or calcium channel antagonists. The aim of our review is to evaluate the role and the safety of this molecule on CAD and CHF therapeutic strategies. Keywords: chronic heart failure, heart rate reduction, cardiac ischemic disease, heart-rate lowering drugs, funny current

  12. Bioresorbable scaffold - A magic bullet for the treatment of coronary artery disease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brie, Daniel; Penson, Peter; Serban, Maria-Corina; Toth, Peter P; Simonton, Charles; Serruys, Patrick W; Banach, Maciej

    2016-07-15

    Today, drug-eluting metal stents are considered the gold standard for interventional treatment of coronary artery disease. While providing inhibition of neointimal hyperplasia, drug-eluting metal stents have many limitations such as the risk of late and very late stent thrombosis, restriction of vascular vasomotion and chronic local inflammatory reaction due to permanent implantation of a 'metallic cage', recognized as a foreign body. Bioresorbable scaffold stents (BRS) are a new solution, which is trying to overcome the limitation of the 'metallic cage'. This structure provides short-term scaffolding of the vessel and then disappears, leaving nothing behind. The purpose of this review is to present the theoretical rationale for the use of BRS and to outline the clinical outcomes associated with their use in terms of data obtained from RCTs, clinical trials, registries and real life use. We have also tried to answer all questions on this intervention based on available data, with a focus on ABSORB BVS (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, USA). We consider that this new technology can be the "magic bullet" to treat coronary artery disease. PMID:27111160

  13. Statistical, epidemiological and fiscal issues in the evaluation of patients with coronary artery disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The application of myocardial perfusion scintigraphy to patient care in the era of health care cost containment is a difficult issue. The traditional diagnosis based approach to testing, although effective, is incompletely applied, as evidenced by the number of low likelihood of coronary artery disease patients referred for testing. A prognosis-or risk-based testing approach may be applied to both patients with or without know coronary artery disease by utilizing clinical and scan information to estimate the projected risk of adverse outcomes (cardiac death or myocardial information) and planning subsequent patient strategy based upon this estimate. Patients at high risk for these events are more likely to benefit from referral to catheterization while those patients at lower risk may benefit from medical therapy alone. Irrespective of the approach utilized to evaluate testing, consideration of patient population selection and its implications must be considered when reviewing the results of testing or published literature. Further, scrutiny of booth the statistical methods used for evaluation of the value of testing and the economic implications of testing in particular patient subgroups are of importance

  14. The Peripheral Arterial disease study (PERART/ARTPER): prevalence and risk factors in the general population

    OpenAIRE

    Vicheto Marisa; Sorribes Marta; Toran Pere; Pera Guillem; Baena-Díez José; Forés Rosa; Alzamora María; Reina María; Sancho Amparo; Albaladejo Carlos; Llussà Judith

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background The early diagnosis of atherosclerotic disease is essential for developing preventive strategies in populations at high risk and acting when the disease is still asymptomatic. A low ankle-arm index is a good marker of vascular events and may be diminished without presenting symptomatology (silent peripheral arterial disease). The aim of the study is to know the prevalence and associated risk factors of peripheral arterial disease in the general population. Methods We perfo...

  15. Rapid Fatal Outcome from Pulmonary Arteries Compression in Transitional Cell Carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioannis A. Voutsadakis

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder is a malignancy that metastasizes frequently to lymph nodes including the mediastinal lymph nodes. This occurrence may produce symptoms due to compression of adjacent structures such as the superior vena cava syndrome or dysphagia from esophageal compression. We report the case of a 59-year-old man with metastatic transitional cell carcinoma for whom mediastinal lymphadenopathy led to pulmonary artery compression and a rapidly fatal outcome. This rare occurrence has to be distinguished from pulmonary embolism, a much more frequent event in cancer patients, in order that proper and prompt treatment be initiated.

  16. The forgotten disease: Bilateral lemierre’s disease with mycotic aneurysm of the vertebral artery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Tanush; Parikh, Kaushal; Puri, Sonam; Agrawal, Sahil; Agrawal, Nikhil; Sharma, Divakar; DeLorenzo, Lawrence

    2014-01-01

    Patient: Male, 25 Final Diagnosis: Lemierre’s disease Symptoms: Back pain • fever • headache • tachycardia • tachypnoe Medication: — Clinical Procedure: — Specialty: Infectious Diseases Objective: Rare disease Background: Lemierre’s disease, also known as the forgotten disease, postanginal sepsis, or necrobacillosis, was first reported in 1890 by Courmont and Cade, but it was Dr. Andre Lemierre, a professor of microbiology, who described this disease in 1936. The typical causative agent is Fusobacterium necrophorum, although other organisms may be involved. The pathogenesis of Lemierre’s disease is not well understood. It is characterized by a primary oropharyngeal infection associated with septicemia, internal jugular vein thrombosis, and metastatic septic emboli. Case Report: We report a case of Lemierre’s disease with bilateral internal jugular vein (IJV) thrombosis and metastatic septic emboli to the lungs and brain, associated with epidural abscess and mycotic aneurysm of the vertebral artery, which is quite rare in Lemierre’s disease. This is the first report of a case of Lemierre’s disease associated with mycotic aneurysm of the vertebral artery. Conclusions: Lemierre’s disease is a rare and perplexing medical entity. Clinical suspicion should be high in previously healthy young adults presenting with fever and neck pain following oropharyngeal infection. Dr. Lemierre stated that ‘symptoms and signs of Lemierre’s disease are so characteristic that it permits diagnosis before bacteriological examination’. The prognosis of patients with Lemierre’s disease is generally good, provided prompt recognition and appropriate treatment. PMID:24883173

  17. Early Results of Coronary Endarterectomy Combined with Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Patients with Diffused Coronary Artery Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li-Qun Chi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: It is still a challenge for the cardiac surgeons to achieve adequate revascularization for diffused coronary artery disease (CAD. Coronary endarterectomy (CE offers an alternative choice of coronary artery reconstruction and revascularization. In this study, short-term result of CE combined with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG was discussed in the treatment for the diffused CAD. Methods: From January 2012 to April 2014, 221 cases of CABG were performed by the same surgeon in our unit. Among these cases, 38 cases of CE + CABG were performed, which was about 17.2% (38/221 of the cohort. All these patients were divided into two groups: CE + CABG group (Group A and CABG alone group (Group B. All clinical data were compared between the two groups, and postoperative complications and in-hospital mortality were analyzed. The categorical and continuous variables were analyzed by Chi-square test and Student′s t-test respectively. Results: Diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and peripheral vascular disease were more common in group A. In this cohort, a total of 50 vessels were endarterectomized. Among them, CE was performed on left anterior descending artery in 11 cases, on right coronary artery in 29 cases, on diagonal artery in 3 cases, on intermediate artery in 2 cases, on obtuse marginal artery in 5 cases. There was no hospital mortality in both groups. The intro-aortic balloon pump was required in 3 cases in Group A (3/38, which was more often than that in Group B (3/183. At the time of follow-up, coronary computed tomography angiogram showed all the grafts with CE were patent (50/50. There is no cardio-related mortality in both groups. All these patients were free from coronary re-intervention. Conclusions: Coronary endarterectomy + CABG can offer satisfactory result for patients with diffused CAD in a short-term after the operation.

  18. Association between depression and development of coronary artery disease: pathophysiologic and diagnostic implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos V Serrano Jr

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Carlos V Serrano Jr1, Karina Tiemi Setani2, Erica Sakamoto2, Anna Maria Andrei3, Renério Fraguas41Heart Institute (InCor, 2Medical School, University of São Paulo, Brazil; 3Albert Einstein Hospital, São Paulo, Brazil; 4Department and Institute of Psychiatry, Medical School, University of São Paulo, BrazilAbstract: Depression and coronary artery disease (CAD are both extremely prevalent diseases. In addition, compromised quality of life and life expectancy are characteristics of both situations. There are several conditions that aggravate depression and facilitate the development of CAD, as well as provoke a worse prognosis in patients with already established CAD: inferior adherence to medical orientations (medications and life style modifications, greater platelet activation and aggregation, endothelial dysfunction, and impaired autonomic dysfunction (lowered heart rate variability. Recent literature has shown that depression alone is becoming an independent risk factor for cardiac events both in primary and secondary prevention. As the diagnosis of depression in patients with heart disease is difficult, due to similarities of symptoms, the health professional should perform a careful evaluation to differentiate the clinical signs of depression from those related with general heart diseases. After a myocardial infarction, depression is an independent risk factor for mortality. Successful therapy of depression has been shown to improve patients’ quality of life and cardiovascular outcome. However, multicentric clinical trials are needed to support this inference. A practical liaison between qualified professionals is necessary for the better management of depressed patients with excess risk in developing CAD. Accordingly, pathophysiological and clinical implications between depression and CAD are discussed in this article.Keywords: depression, coronary artery disease, behavioral disorders, prognosis

  19. Inflammation is strongly associated with lupus anticoagulant positivity, indepentent of know autoimmune disease and recent venous or arterial thrombosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Just, Søren Andreas; Nybo, Mads; Laustrup, Helle;

    2014-01-01

    Inflammation is strongly associated with lupus anticoagulant positivity, indepentent of know autoimmune disease and recent venous or arterial thrombosis......Inflammation is strongly associated with lupus anticoagulant positivity, indepentent of know autoimmune disease and recent venous or arterial thrombosis...

  20. The rationale and design of the perindopril genetic association study (PERGENE): A pharmacogenetic analysis of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy in patients with stable coronary artery disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.J. Brugts (Jasper); M.P.M. de Maat (Moniek); H. Boersma (Eric); J.C.M. Witteman (Jacqueline); C.M. van Duijn (Cock); A.G. Uitterlinden (André); M.E. Bertrand (Michel); W.J. Remme (Willem); K.M. Fox (Kim); R. Ferrari (Roberto); A.H.J. Danser (Jan); M.L. Simoons (Maarten)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors reduce clinical symptoms and improve outcome in patients with hypertension, heart failure, and stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and are among the most frequently used drugs in these patient groups. For hypertension, treatment

  1. Relationship of white matter network topology and cognitive outcome in adolescents with d-transposition of the great arteries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashok Panigrahy

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Patients with congenital heart disease (CHD are at risk for neurocognitive impairments. Little is known about the impact of CHD on the organization of large-scale brain networks. We applied graph analysis techniques to diffusion tensor imaging (DTI data obtained from 49 adolescents with dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA repaired with the arterial switch operation in early infancy and 29 healthy referent adolescents. We examined whether differences in neurocognitive functioning were related to white matter network topology. We developed mediation models revealing the respective contributions of peri-operative variables and network topology on cognitive outcome. Adolescents with d-TGA had reduced global efficiency at a trend level (p = 0.061, increased modularity (p = 0.012, and increased small-worldness (p = 0.026 as compared to controls. Moreover, these network properties mediated neurocognitive differences between the d-TGA and referent adolescents across every domain assessed. Finally, structural network topology mediated the neuroprotective effect of longer duration of core cooling during reparative neonatal cardiac surgery, as well as the detrimental effects of prolonged hospitalization. Taken together, worse neurocognitive function in adolescents with d-TGA is mediated by global differences in white matter network topology, suggesting that disruption of this configuration of large-scale networks drives neurocognitive dysfunction. These data provide new insights into the interplay between perioperative factors, brain organization, and cognition in patients with complex CHD.

  2. The relation between the change of pathology and the metergasis of immunity after thyroid arterial embolization in treating hyperthyroidism caused by Graves' disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the relation between change of thyroid tissues and thyroid auto- antibody after thyroid arterial embolization in the treatment of hyperthyroidism caused by Graves' disease with observation on changes of histopathology and thyroid auto-antibody in 3 years after thyroid arterial embolization, and to understand the foundation of the therapeutic action after arterial embolization. Methods: 1. Thirty-eight patients with Graves' disease treated by transcathter arterial embolization had been tested serum TT3, TT4, FT3, FT4, rT3, TSH, TGAb, TPOAb, TRAb and followed up with color Doppler ultrasound respectively at different periods (before arterial embolization and 7 day, 6 month, 3 year after arterial embolization). 2. 23 patients underwent needle aspiration biopsy of the thyroid gland. Results: Volume of thyroid gland instantly dwindled in size after thyroid arterial embolization or within a few days. The changes of histopathology mainly showed acute ischemic necrosis 7 days after thyroid arterial embolization and followed by fibrous hyperplasia mesenchymal proliferation and follicular atrophy occurring 6 months and 3 years afterward. TGAb, TPOAb at the 3rd year after thyroid arterial embolization were higher than those before the thyriod arterial embolization. FT3, FT4, TRAb at 6 month after thyroid arterial embolization were lower than those of the 3 years. Conclusion: Maladjustment of immunity in GD patients would be improved through the treatment of thyroid arterial embolization, synchronously with the promotion in histopathology. The outcomings of the shrinkage of thyroid tissue, decrease of thyroxin secretion and improvement of immunity provide a combination therapy for GD. (authors)

  3. Interleukin-18 Gene Polymorphism in Patients with and without Atherosclerotic Coronary Artery Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Ghaderi

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Background:Several studies have revealed that inflammation plays an important role in development of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD and its other manifestations. IL-18 is a pleiotropic cytokine that enhances Th1( T helper 1 or Th2( T helper 2 immune response depending on its cytokine milieu and genetic background. It strongly induces formation of plaques in patients with CAD. Variations in the IL-18 gene found to influence both levels of IL-18 and clinical outcomes in individuals with history of heart disease. To investigate the association of two IL-18 promoter gene polymorphisms at -607C/A and -137G/C positions with CAD, and some CAD risk factors such as diabetes, arterial hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, cigarette smoking and obesity.Methods: Genomic DNA was extracted by the salting out method from the peripheral arterial blood of 280 patients with CAD documented by coronary angiography (143 with a documented history of myocardial infarction termed positive MI and 137 without myocardial infarction designated negative MI and 140 age- sex matched persons with a normal coronary angiography (control group.The genotype of both CAD and control groups were assessed by ASP-PCR method. Arlequin program was used for gametic phase estimation and haplotype analysis.Results: There was no significant difference between patient and control groups either allelic, genotypic, and haplotypic for both variants (p>0.05. Furthermore, no significant correlation was found between IL-18 genotypes and CAD risk factors in the patient group (P>0.05. Conclusion: These results suggest that the investigated IL-18 gene promoter polymorphisms at -607C/A and -137G/C positions are not associated with genetic susceptibility to CAD in southern Iran.

  4. Myocardial performance and perfusion during exercise in patients with coronary artery disease caused by Kawasaki disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For a study of the natural history of coronary artery lesions after Kawasaki disease and their effect on myocardial blood flow reserve with exercise, five such patients underwent exercise testing on a bicycle. Oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production, minute ventilation, and electrocardiograms were monitored continuously. Thallium-201 scintigraphy was performed for all patients. One patient stopped exercise before exhaustion of cardiovascular reserve but had no evidence of myocardial perfusion abnormalities. Four patients terminated exercise because of exhaustion of cardiovascular reserve; one had normal cardiovascular reserve and thallium scintiscans, but the remaining patients had diminished cardiovascular reserve. Thallium scintigrams showed myocardial ischemia in two and infarction in one. No patient had exercise-induced electrocardiographic changes. These results indicate that patients with residual coronary artery lesions after Kawasaki disease frequently have reduced cardiovascular reserve during exercise. The addition of thallium scintigraphy and metabolic measurements to exercise testing improved the detection of exercise-induced abnormalities of myocardial perfusion

  5. Premature menopause and severity of coronary artery disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamidreza Nasri

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Relationship between premature menopause and presence, severity and life-threatening events of coro-nary artery disease (CAD has been suggested in recent observations. The present study tried to assess relationship be-tween age of menopause and severity of CAD in a sample of women with suspected CAD. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, we included 189 consecutive women with suspected CAD that were candidate for coronary angiography and admitted to the Shafa hospital in Kerman city. Our final population for analysis included women who underwent natural menopause (n = 148 or premature menopause (n = 41. CAD severity was classified according to the number of coronary artery stenosis ≥ 50% in coronary angiography. Results: Among 189 study patients with suspected CAD, 22.0% of those with early menopause and 23.6% of those with normal menopause suffered three coronary vessels involvement, while normal angiography features was shown in 39.0%o and 40.5%>, respectively. Regarding severity of CAD and left main lesions, no significant differences were found between the patients with and without premature menopause. According to the multivariable logistic regression model and with the presence of other patients′ variables as cofounders, age of menopause could not predict the presence and severity of CAD in patients with suspected CAD. However, patients′ age (OR: 1.11, p < 0.001 and family history of CAD (OR: 2.05, p = 0.04 were main predictors of the severity of CAD in these patients. Conclusions: Premature menopause does not predict occurrence or severity of CAD in women with suspected CAD, but women age and their family history of CAD are main predictors of the severity of CAD.

  6. Diagnostic Potential of Pulsed Arterial Spin Labeling in Alzheimer's Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trebeschi, Stefano; Riederer, Isabelle; Preibisch, Christine; Bohn, Karl P.; Förster, Stefan; Alexopoulos, Panagiotis; Zimmer, Claus; Kirschke, Jan S.; Valentinitsch, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    Alzheimers disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia. Although the underlying pathology is still not completely understood, several diagnostic methods are available. Frequently, the most accurate methods are also the most invasive. The present work investigates the diagnostic potential of Pulsed Arterial Spin Labeling (PASL) for AD: a non-invasive, MRI-based technique for the quantification of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). In particular, we propose a pilot computer aided diagnostic (CAD) procedure able to discriminate between healthy and diseased subjects, and at the same time, providing visual informative results. This method encompasses the creation of a healthy model, the computation of a voxel-wise likelihood function as comparison between the healthy model and the subject under examination, and the correction of the likelihood function via prior distributions. The discriminant analysis is carried out to maximize the accuracy of the classification. The algorithm has been trained on a dataset of 81 subjects and achieved a sensitivity of 0.750 and a specificity of 0.875. Moreover, in accordance with the current pathological knowledge, the parietal lobe, and limbic system are shown to be the main discriminant factors. PMID:27147946

  7. Pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele D'Alto

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH is a common complication of congenital heart disease (CHD, with most cases occurring in patients with congenital cardiac shunts. In patients with an uncorrected left-to-right shunt, increased pulmonary pressure leads to vascular remodelling and dysfunction, resulting in a progressive rise in pulmonary vascular resistance and increased pressures in the right heart. Eventually, reversal of the shunt may arise, with the development of Eisenmenger's syndrome, the most advanced form of PAH-CHD. The prevalence of PAH-CHD has fallen in developed countries over recent years and the number of patients surviving into adulthood has increased markedly. Today, the majority of PAH-CHD patients seen in clinical practice are adults, and many of these individuals have complex disease or received a late diagnosis of their defect. While there have been advances in the management and therapy in recent years, PAH-CHD is a heterogeneous condition and some subgroups, such as those with Down's syndrome, present particular challenges. This article gives an overview of the demographics, pathophysiology and treatment of PAH-CHD and focuses on individuals with Down's syndrome as an important and challenging patient group.

  8. Coronary Artery Disease: Why We should Consider the Y Chromosome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molina, Elsa; Clarence, Elyse Michele; Ahmady, Farah; Chew, Guat Siew; Charchar, Fadi Joseph

    2016-08-01

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality globally. In the last few years our understanding of the genetic and molecular mechanisms that promote CAD in individuals has increased with the advent of the genome era. This complex inflammatory disease has well-defined environmental risk factors. However, in the last 10 years, studies including genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have clearly demonstrated a genetic influence on CAD. Recently, studies on the human Y chromosome have also demonstrated that genetic variation within the male-specific region of the Y chromosome (MSY) could play a part in determining cardiovascular risk in men, confirming the notion that the increased risk for CAD in men cannot be fully explained through common CAD risk factors. Here, we review the literature about the pathophysiology of CAD, its potential causes and environmental risk factors known so far. Furthermore, we review the genetics of CAD, especially the latest discoveries regarding the implication of the Y chromosome, the most underexplored portion of the human genome to date, highlighting methods and difficulties arising in this research field, and discussing the importance of considering the Y chromosome in CAD research. PMID:27236216

  9. Leptospirosis and Peripheral Artery Occlusive Disease: A Nationwide Cohort Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Chun-Hsiang; Lin, Cheng-Li; Lee, Feng-You; Wang, Ying-Chuan; Kao, Chia-Hung

    2016-03-01

    Data on the association between peripheral artery occlusive disease (PAOD) and leptospirosis are limited. We conducted a retrospective cohort study for determining whether leptospirosis is one of the possible risk factors for PAOD.Patients diagnosed with leptospirosis by using 2000 to 2010 data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients with leptospirosis without a history of PAOD were selected. For each leptospirosis patient, 4 controls without a history of leptospirosis and PAOD were randomly selected and frequency-matched for sex, age, the year of the index date, and comorbidity diseases. The follow-up period was from the time of the initial diagnosis of leptospirosis to the diagnosis date of PAOD, or December 31, 2011. The Cox proportional hazard regression models were used for analyzing the risk of PAOD.During the follow-up period, the cumulative incidence of PAOD was higher among the patients from the leptospirosis cohort than among the nonleptospirosis cohort (log-rank test, P leptospirosis cohort and 81 from the nonleptospirosis cohort were observed with the incidence rates of 2.1 and 1.3 per 1000 person-years, respectively, yielding a crude hazards ratio (HR) of 1.62 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.44-1.81) and adjusted HR (aHR) of 1.75 (95% CI = 1.58-1.95).The risk of PAOD was 1.75-fold higher in the patients with leptospirosis than in the general population. PMID:26986166

  10. Classification of magnetocardiographic maps in coronary artery disease diagnosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwon, H.; Kim, K.; Kim, J. M.; Lee, Y. H.; Kim, T. E.; Lim, H. K. [Biomagnetism Research, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Ko, Y. G.; Chung, N. [Cardiovascular Center, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2005-10-15

    The diagnostic management of patients with chest pain remains a clinical challenge. Magnetocardiography (MCG) has been proposed as a new non-invasive method for detection of myocardial ischemia. To date, however, MCG technique is not intensively introduced for clinical use. One of the main reasons might be the absence of statistically valid and diagnostically clean criteria, which can determine the presence of certain heart disease. In this work, we suggested a new method to classify the diagnostic value of MCG for the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with chest pain. MCG was recorded for three groups (healthy subjects and patients without and with CAD) by means of the 64 channel SQUID gradiometer system installed at a hospital. Using four parameters, which were found to be significantly different between groups, we evaluated a probability, in which parameters can be classified into each group based on the distribution function of the parameter in each group. For all parameters, sum of probabilities was compared between groups to determine the presence of CAD. Our classification method shows that the MCG can be a useful tool to predict the presence of CAD with sensitivity and specificity of higher than 80% each.

  11. Heart rate reduction in coronary artery disease and heart failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrari, Roberto; Fox, Kim

    2016-08-01

    Elevated heart rate is known to induce myocardial ischaemia in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), and heart rate reduction is a recognized strategy to prevent ischaemic episodes. In addition, clinical evidence shows that slowing the heart rate reduces the symptoms of angina by improving microcirculation and coronary flow. Elevated heart rate is an established risk factor for cardiovascular events in patients with CAD and in those with chronic heart failure (HF). Accordingly, reducing heart rate improves prognosis in patients with HF, as demonstrated in SHIFT. By contrast, data from SIGNIFY indicate that heart rate is not a modifiable risk factor in patients with CAD who do not also have HF. Heart rate is also an important determinant of cardiac arrhythmias; low heart rate can be associated with atrial fibrillation, and high heart rate after exercise can be associated with sudden cardiac death. In this Review, we critically assess these clinical findings, and propose hypotheses for the variable effect of heart rate reduction in cardiovascular disease. PMID:27226153

  12. Percutaneous mechanical atherectomy for treatment of peripheral arterial occlusive disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) is still an extremely important politico-economic disease. Diverse treatment procedures exist but the pillars of therapy are changes in lifestyle, such as nicotine abstinence and walking exercise as well as drug therapy. Further therapy options are considered after conventional procedures have been exhausted. These further options consist of improvement of the blood supply by surgical or minimally invasive procedures. The latter therapy options include balloon dilatation and stenting as the most widely used techniques. More recent techniques also used are cryoplasty, laser angioplasty, drug-coated stents or balloons as well as brachytherapy or atherectomy, whereby this list makes no claims to completeness. The multitude of different treatment methods emphatically underlines the fact that no resounding success can be achieved with one single method. The long-term results of both balloon dilatation and stenting techniques show a need for improvement, which elicited the search for additional methods for the treatment of PAOD. Atherectomy represents such an alternative method for treatment of PAOD. Basically, the term atherectomy means the removal of atheroma tissue. For percutaneous atherectomy, in contrast to surgical procedures, it is not necessary to create surgically access to the vessel but accomplishes the atherectomy by means of dedicated systems via a minimally invasive access. There are two basic forms of mechanical atherectomy: directional and rotational systems. (orig.)

  13. Serum leptin levels in patients with coronary artery disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of morbidity, mortality and disability worldwide. Leptin, a 16kDa product of ob gene, is an endocrine hormone produced by white adipose tissue. It is primarily involved in the regulation of food intake and energy expenditure. Hyperleptinemia is one of the novel risk factors contributing in many ways to CVD. Objective: The objective of the study was to find the level of leptin in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and compare it with healthy people in our population. Methods: Our study was an analytical and cross-sectional study. Our study included 60 patients with a history of CAD and 60 healthy controls (aged 40-60 years, both sexes). Leptin levels were measured by ELISA. Results: Mean serum leptin level in patients was 11.48+-11.25 g/ml, while control group had a mean leptin level of 8.22+-8.01 g/ml (p=0.071). Conclusion: Leptin levels were higher in patients but the difference was non-significant. More studies are needed with larger sample size in our population. (author)

  14. Depression and coronary artery disease -real heart attack

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Both depression and ischaemic heart disease are said to become the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in developing countries during the next two decades. The relationship between these two disorders has long been speculated but only recently addressed scientifically. A Medline search was conducted to obtain the articles that address the association between depressive disorders and coronary artery disease (CAD). Most studies following large cohorts over a period ranging from 4.5 to 27 years have shown that depression is associated with a significantly high risk of developing CAD. These studies also show that patients who have depression following myocardial infarction hat poorer prognosis on major cardiac end points like reoccurrence of myocardial infarction and death as compared to the non-depressed group. The psychosocial variables associated with depression like social isolation, acute and chronic stressful life events are also associated with increased risk of developing CAD. The mechanisms underlying this association between depression and CAD are unknown at present. The effectiveness of psychosocial interventions in reducing this increased risks have been demonstrated while the trials assessing the efficacy and safety of anti depressed drugs are underway. The implications of these finding are discussed in the context of developing countries. (author)

  15. Myocardial ischemia, carotid, and peripheral arterial disease and their interrelationship in type 2 diabetes patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Mikael K; Henriksen, Jan Erik; Dahl, Jordi; Johansen, Allan; Møller, Jacob E; Gerke, Oke; Vach, Werner; Haghfelt, Torben; Beck-Nielsen, Henning; Høilund-Carlsen, Poul Flemming

    2009-01-01

    for the first time and age-matched nondiabetic reference subjects (n = 40) were screened for myocardial ischemia, carotid, and peripheral arterial disease by means of myocardial perfusion scintigraphy, carotid artery ultrasonography, and peripheral ankle and toe systolic blood pressure measurements....... RESULTS: In the T2DM patients, the prevalence of myocardial ischemia, carotid, and peripheral arterial disease was 30%, 42%, and 15%, respectively, almost three times higher than in the reference subjects (P = 0.007, P = 0.001, and P = 0.09, respectively). T2DM patients with myocardial ischemia, carotid......, or peripheral arterial disease had a significantly increased risk of CVD in other vascular territories as well (OR: 1.99, 2.09, and 3.09, respectively). However, 40%, 52%, and 22% of the T2DM patients with myocardial ischemia, carotid, or peripheral arterial disease demonstrated exclusively this...

  16. Are cost-benefit analyses needed for the management of coronary artery disease?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Health economics has classified several levels of cost-effectiveness: Technical capacity, diagnostic impact, therapeutic impact, patient outcome, societal benefit. When clinical utility is defined in terms of percent correct diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD), nuclear cardiology is the most cost-effective initial modality in patients with an intermediate pretest likelihood of CAD. For the resources used the strategy of therapy determine the long-term costs. Myocardial perfusion SPECT yields incremental prognostic information for prediction of both cardiac death and hard events. Patient with normal or mildly abnormal scans after exercise stress may not require invasive interventions. Therefore nuclear cardiac testing is a cost-effective initial modality even on the level of therapeutic impact. The results of myocardial SPECT are used to help reduce unnecessary coronary angiography and revascularization procedures. (orig.)

  17. Complications of intravenous DSA performed for carotid artery disease: a prospective study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One hundred and two patients, who were being evaluated for carotid artery disease, were prospectively studied for complications occurring as a result of intravenous digital subtraction angiography (DSA). The authors recorded the type, number, and outcome of complications and reviewed the amount of contrast material used, along with the patient's age and medical history for possible correlation with increased complications. There were 55 total complications or side effects involving 37 patients. Central nervous system (CNS) complications included six major-transient and one major-permanent complication. Systemic complications included 20 major-transient and two major-permanent events. Complications in our series were significantly higher than previous DSA reports and published data on conventional angiography studies. Many of our patients were in a relatively high risk group

  18. Tissue at risk in the deep middle cerebral artery territory is critical to stroke outcome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosso, Charlotte; Samson, Yves [Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital, AP-HP, Urgences Cerebro-Vasculaires, Paris (France); UPMC, Univ Paris 06, Paris (France); Centre de Recherche de l' Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle epiniere, ICM, UPMC Paris 6, Inserm, U975, CNRS, UMR 7225, COGIMAGE, Paris (France); Colliot, Olivier [UPMC, Univ Paris 06, Paris (France); Centre de Recherche de l' Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle epiniere, ICM, UPMC Paris 6, Inserm, U975, CNRS, UMR 7225, COGIMAGE, Paris (France); Valabregue, Romain [UPMC, Univ Paris 06, Paris (France); Centre de Recherche de l' Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle epiniere, ICM, UPMC Paris 6, Inserm, U975, CNRS, UMR 7225, Centre for NeuroImaging Research (CENIR), Paris (France); Crozier, Sophie [Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital, AP-HP, Urgences Cerebro-Vasculaires, Paris (France); Dormont, Didier [UPMC, Univ Paris 06, Paris (France); Centre de Recherche de l' Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle epiniere, ICM, UPMC Paris 6, Inserm, U975, CNRS, UMR 7225, COGIMAGE, Paris (France); Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital, AP-HP, Department of Neuroradiology, Paris (France); Lehericy, Stephane [UPMC, Univ Paris 06, Paris (France); Centre de Recherche de l' Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle epiniere, ICM, UPMC Paris 6, Inserm, U975, CNRS, UMR 7225, Centre for NeuroImaging Research (CENIR), Paris (France); Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital, AP-HP, Department of Neuroradiology, Paris (France)

    2011-10-15

    The clinical efficacy of thrombolysis in stroke patients is explained by the increased rate of recanalization, which limits infarct growth. However, the efficacy could also be explained by the protection of specific sites of the brain. Here, we investigate where is this outcome-related tissue at risk using voxel-based analysis. We included 68 acute stroke patients with middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion on the admission MRI performed within 6 h of symptoms onset (H6) and 16 controls. MCA recanalization was assessed using the magnetic resonance angiography performed at day 1 (D1). Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) changes were analyzed using a voxel-based method between patients vs. controls group at admission (H6) in non-recanalized vs. recanalized and in 3-month poor vs. good outcome patients at D1. Complete or partial MCA recanalization was observed in 52 of 68 patients. Good outcome at 3 months occurred in 40 patients (59%). In non-recanalized patients, ADC was decreased in the deep MCA and watershed arterial territory (the lenticular nucleus, internal capsule, and the overlying periventricular white matter). This decrease was not observed in recanalized patients at D1 or patients at H6. Fiber tracking suggested that the area is crossed by the cortico-spinal, cerebellar, and intra-hemispheric association tracts. Finally, this area almost co-localized with the area associated with poor outcome. A clinically relevant area of tissue at risk may occur in patients with MCA infarcts at the level of deep white matter fiber tracts. These findings suggest that neuroprotection research should be refocused on white matter. (orig.)

  19. Hyperdense basilar artery sign diagnoses acute posterior circulation stroke and predicts short-term outcome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tan, Xiaoping [Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University at Shenyang, Department of Neurology, Shengjing Hospital, Shenyang (China); Guo, Yang [Shengjing Hospital, Department of Neurology, Shenyang (China)

    2010-12-15

    It is well established that the hyperdense middle cerebral artery sign is a specific marker for early ischemia in anterior circulation. However, little is known about the hyperdense basilar artery sign (HDBA) in posterior circulation. Our aim was to determine whether the HDBA sign has utility in early diagnosis of acute posterior circulation stroke and prediction of short-term outcome. Three-blinded readers examined unenhanced computed tomography scans for the HDBA sign, and materials were classified into two groups according to this sign. Vascular risk factors, admission and discharge National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores, short-term outcome, and radiological findings between the two groups were compared. One hundred and twenty-six cases of acute posterior circulation stroke (PCS) were included in the study. No statistically significant differences were found in risk factors of ischemic stroke, except atrial fibrillation (P = 0.025). Admission and discharge NIHSS scores for the positive HDBA group were significantly higher than scores for the negative HDBA group (P = 0.001, 0.002, respectively). The infarction territory for the positive HDBA group was mainly multi-region in nature (51.6%, P < 0.001), while the negative HDBA group showed mainly middle territory infarction. Significant independent predictors of short-term outcome included the HDBA sign (P < 0.001) and admission NIHSS scores (P < 0.001). Approximately half of the HDBA patients showed multi-region infarction and a serious neurological symptom. Based on our results, this sign might not only be helpful in early diagnosis of acute PCS but also be able to correlate with a poor short-term outcome. (orig.)

  20. Step‐Monitored Home Exercise Improves Ambulation, Vascular Function, and Inflammation in Symptomatic Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Gardner, Andrew W.; Parker, Donald E.; Montgomery, Polly S.; Blevins, Steve M.

    2014-01-01

    Background This prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial compared changes in primary outcome measures of claudication onset time (COT) and peak walking time (PWT), and secondary outcomes of submaximal exercise performance, daily ambulatory activity, vascular function, inflammation, and calf muscle hemoglobin oxygen saturation (StO2) in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) following new exercise training using a step watch (NEXT Step) home‐exercise program, a sup...

  1. Gender Differences in In-Hospital Outcomes After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swaminathan, Rajesh V; Feldman, Dmitriy N; Pashun, Raymond A; Patil, Rupa K; Shah, Tara; Geleris, Joshua D; Wong, Shing-Chiu; Girardi, Leonard N; Gaudino, Mario; Minutello, Robert M; Singh, Harsimran S; Bergman, Geoffrey; Kim, Luke K

    2016-08-01

    Women historically have a greater risk of operative mortality than men after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). There is paucity of contemporary data in gender outcomes of surgical revascularization and understanding modifiable factors that contribute to gender differences are critical for quality improvement and practice change. We, therefore, sought to examine whether the gender gap in CABG outcomes is closing in the contemporary era by conducting a retrospective analysis from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from 2003 to 2012. We included all patients who underwent isolated CABG surgery (n = 2,272,998; female n = 623,423 [27.4%]; male n = 1,649,575 [72.6%]). The annual rate of CABG surgeries decreased by 53.7% in men and 57.8% in women over the 10-year study period. Although internal mammary artery use in women was less frequent than in men in 2003 (77.4% vs 81.9%, p gap by 2012 (86.2% vs 87.0%, ptrend 0.003). Overall, unadjusted in-hospital mortality was greater in women (3.2% vs 1.8%, p gap is slowly closing. PMID:27269585

  2. Angiographically Negative Acute Arterial Upper and Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding: Incidence, Predictive Factors, and Clinical Outcomes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jin Hyoung; Shin, Ji Hoon; Yoon, Hyun Ki; Chae, Eun Young; Myung, Seung Jae; Ko, Gi Young; Gwon, Dong Il; Sung, Kyu Bo [Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-08-15

    To evaluate the incidence, predictive factors, and clinical outcomes of angiographically negative acute arterial upper and lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. From 2001 to 2008, 143 consecutive patients who underwent an angiography for acute arterial upper or lower GI bleeding were examined. The angiographies revealed a negative bleeding focus in 75 of 143 (52%) patients. The incidence of an angiographically negative outcome was significantly higher in patients with a stable hemodynamic status (p < 0.001), or in patients with lower GI bleeding (p = 0.032). A follow-up of the 75 patients (range: 0-72 months, mean: 8 {+-} 14 months) revealed that 60 of the 75 (80%) patients with a negative bleeding focus underwent conservative management only, and acute bleeding was controlled without rebleeding. Three of the 75 (4%) patients underwent exploratory surgery due to prolonged bleeding; however, no bleeding focus was detected. Rebleeding occurred in 12 of 75 (16%) patients. Of these, six patients experienced massive rebleeding and died of disseminated intravascular coagulation within four to nine hours after the rebleeding episode. Four of the 16 patients underwent a repeat angiography and the two remaining patients underwent a surgical intervention to control the bleeding. Angiographically negative results are relatively common in patients with acute GI bleeding, especially in patients with a stable hemodynamic status or lower GI bleeding. Most patients with a negative bleeding focus have experienced spontaneous resolution of their condition.

  3. Multidisciplinary approach to the diagnosis and management of patients with peripheral arterial disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walker CM

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Craig M Walker,1,2 Frank T Bunch,3 Nick G Cavros,4 Eric J Dippel5 1Cardiovascular Institute of the South, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, 2Louisiana State University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, 3Cardiology Associates, Mobile, AL, 4Cardiovascular Institute of the South, Lafayette General Medical Center, Lafayette, LA, 5Cardiovascular Medicine, PC Genesis Heart Institute, Davenport, IA, USA Abstract: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD is frequently diagnosed after permanent damage has occurred, resulting in a high rate of morbidity, amputation, and loss of life. Early and ongoing diagnosis and treatment is required for this progressive disease. Lifestyle modifications can prevent or delay disease progression and improve symptoms. Limb-sparing endovascular interventions can restore circulation based on appropriate diagnostic testing to pinpoint vascular targets, and intervention must occur as early as possible to ensure optimal clinical outcomes. An algorithm for the diagnosis and management of PAD was developed to enable a collaborative approach between the family practice and primary care physician or internist and various specialists that may include a diabetologist, endocrinologist, smoking cessation expert, hypertension and lipid specialist, endovascular interventionalist, vascular surgeon, orthopedist, neurologist, nurse practitioner, podiatrist, wound healing expert, and/or others. A multidisciplinary team working together has the greatest chance of providing optimal care for the patient with PAD and ensuring ongoing surveillance of the patient’s overall health, ultimately resulting in better quality of life and increased longevity for patients with PAD. Keywords: peripheral arterial disease, diagnosis, endovascular intervention

  4. Antiplatelet effect of aspirin in patients with coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grove, Erik Lerkevang

    2012-09-01

    Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death globally, and atherothrombosis is the underlying cause of most cardiovascular events. Several studies have shown that antiplatelet therapy, including aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid), reduces the risk of cardiovascular events and death. However, it is well-known that many patients experience cardiovascular events despite treatment with aspirin, often termed "aspirin low-responsiveness". This fact has caused considerable debate: does biochemical aspirin low-responsiveness have prognostic value? Can low-responders be reliably identified? And if so, should antithrombotic treatment be changed? Is the whole discussion of antiplatelet drug response merely a result of low compliance? Compliance should be carefully optimised, before evaluating the pharmacological effect of a drug. It is well-known that cardiovascular disease is multifactorial, and, therefore, total risk reduction is not feasible. Aetiological factors to the variable platelet inhibition by aspirin seem to include genetic factors, pharmacological interactions, smoking, diabetes mellitus, and increased platelet turnover. It is a captivating thought that antiplatelet therapy may be improved by individually tailored therapy based on platelet function testing. Ongoing studies are challenging the current one-size-fits-all dosing strategy, but the preceding evaluation of platelet function assays has not been adequate. The overall objective of this thesis was to evaluate the reproducibility of and aggreement between a number of widely used platelet function tests and to explore the importance of platelet turnover for the antiplatelet effect of aspirin in patients with coronary artery disease. In the intervention studies (studies 1, 3, and 4), optimal compliance was confirmed by measurements of serum thromboxane, which is the most sensitive assay to confirm compliance with aspirin. In study 1, platelet function tests widely used to measure the antiplatelet effect

  5. Association Between Isolated Single Umbilical Artery and Perinatal Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yajuan; Ren, Lidan; Zhai, Shanshan; Luo, Xiaohua; Hong, Teng; Liu, Rui; Ran, Limin; Zhang, Yingying

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND To evaluate the association between the isolated single umbilical artery (iSUA) and perinatal outcomes, including pregnancy outcomes and perinatal complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS We performed a meta-analysis of 15 eligible studies regarding the relationship between the iSUA and perinatal outcomes, including gestational age at delivery, nuchal cord, placental weight, small for gestational age (SGA), oligohydramnios, polyhydramnios, pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), preeclampsia, and perinatal mortality. The overall odds ratios (OR) or standardized mean difference (SMD) were calculated. RESULTS The occurrence of nuchal cord was not found to be different between an iSUA and a three-vessel cord (TVC) fetus. For perinatal complications, the SGA, oligohydramnios, polyhydramnios, GDM, and perinatal mortality showed dramatic difference between women with an iSUA and women with a TVC fetus, which implied that the presence of iSUA significantly increased the risk of perinatal complications. For other perinatal complications, such as PIH and preeclampsia, no significant association was detected. CONCLUSIONS Our meta-analysis suggests that the presence of iSUA would increase the risk of perinatal complications such as SGA, oligohydramnios, polyhydramnios, GDM, and perinatal mortality. Therefore, pregnant women with an iSUA fetus have poorer perinatal outcomes and more attention should be given to the management of their pregnancy compared to women with a TVC fetus. PMID:27130891

  6. Drug Related Problems in the Management of Chronic Kidney Disease with Coronary Artery Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Winda H. Furqani; Zulfan Zazuli; Nabilah Nadhif; Siti Saidah; Rizky Abdulah; Keri Lestari

    2015-01-01

    Drug related problems were defined as conditions on patient’s therapy management that caused, or potentially caused unsuccessful therapy. This study was conducted at a hospital in Cimahi City in May 2014. In this study, DRPs were identified on a 59 years old woman who was diagnosed with chronic kidney disease and coronary artery disease with gangrene on the left hand (the third finger). The patient also had a diabetes mellitus for two until three years ago. Drug related problems (DRPs) were f...

  7. Risk Factors for Peripheral Arterial Disease among Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Jing; Mohler, Emile R.; Xie, Dawei; Shlipak, Michael G.; Townsend, Raymond R.; Appel, Lawrence J; Raj, Dominic S.; Ojo, Akinlolu O.; Schreiber, Martin J.; Strauss, Louise F.; Zhang, Xiaoming; Wang, Xin; He, Jiang; Hamm, L. Lee

    2012-01-01

    Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have an increased risk of developing peripheral arterial disease (PAD). We examined the cross-sectional association between novel risk factors and prevalent PAD among patients with CKD. A total of 3,758 patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 20-70 mL/min/1.73 m2 who participated in the chronic renal insufficiency cohort (CRIC) study were included in the current analysis. PAD was defined as an ankle-brachial index

  8. Childhood cancer survivors: cardiac disease & social outcomes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.A.M. Feijen

    2015-01-01

    The thesis is divided in two parts; Cardiac health problems and healthcare consumption & social outcomes in CCS. The general aims of part 1 creates optimal conditions for the evaluation of cardiac events in 5-year childhood cancer survivors, evaluation of the long term risk of cardiac events, and to

  9. Autologous bone marrow cell therapy for peripheral arterial disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Botti C

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available C Botti, C Maione, A Coppola, V Sica, G CobellisDepartment of General Pathology, Second University of Naples, Naples, ItalyAbstract: Inadequate blood supply to tissues caused by obstruction of arterioles and/or capillaries results in ischemic injuries – these injuries can range from mild (eg, leg ischemia to severe conditions (eg, myocardial infarction, stroke. Surgical and/or endovascular procedures provide cutting-edge treatment for patients with vascular disorders; however, a high percentage of patients are currently not treatable, owing to high operative risk or unfavorable vascular involvement. Therapeutic angiogenesis has recently emerged as a promising new therapy, promoting the formation of new blood vessels by the introduction of bone marrow–derived stem and progenitor cells. These cells participate in the development of new blood vessels, the enlargement of existing blood vessels, and sprouting new capillaries from existing blood vessels, providing evidence of the therapeutic utility of these cells in ischemic tissues. In this review, the authors describe peripheral arterial disease, an ischemic condition affecting the lower extremities, summarizing different aspects of vascular regeneration and discussing which and how stem cells restore the blood flow. The authors also present an overview of encouraging results from early-phase clinical trials using stem cells to treat peripheral arterial disease. The authors believe that additional research initiatives should be undertaken to better identify the nature of stem cells and that an intensive cooperation between laboratory and clinical investigators is needed to optimize the design of cell therapy trials and to maximize their scientific rigor. Only this will allow the results of these investigations to develop best clinical practices. Additionally, although a number of stem cell therapies exist, many treatments are performed outside international and national regulations and many

  10. Persistent primitive trigeminal artery associated with cerebrovascular diseases and other cerebrosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Persistent primitive trigeminal artery (PPTA) is the most common permanent abnormal vascular anastomosis between carotid artery and basilar artery. PPTA is a rare cerebrovascular variation and is often associated with cerebrovascular disease (CVD). Clinically, PPTA manifests itself in symptoms such as trigeminal neuralgia, oculomotor paralysis, abducens nerve paralysis, subarachnoid hemorrhage, etc. This paper aims to review 116 PPTA cases with CVD and other cerebrosis, which have ever been reported since 1983 in English or Chinese medical literature. (authors)

  11. Combined use of non-invasive techniques to predict pulmonary arterial pressure in chronic respiratory disease.

    OpenAIRE

    Bishop, J M; Csukas, M

    1989-01-01

    The value of non-invasive procedures for predicting pulmonary arterial pressure was investigated in 370 patients with chronic obstructive lung diseases and in 73 with fibrosing alveolitis in a combined study at nine centres in six European countries. Measurements included forced expiratory volume in one second, arterial blood gas tensions, standard electrocardiogram, radiographic dimensions of pulmonary artery, right ventricle dimensions by M mode echocardiography, and myocardial scintigraphy...

  12. Arterial pulse wave velocity, inflammatory markers, pathological GH and IGF states, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease

    OpenAIRE

    Graham, Michael R; Peter Evans; Bruce Davies; Baker, Julien S

    2008-01-01

    Michael R Graham1, Peter Evans2, Bruce Davies1, Julien S Baker11Health and Exercise Science Research Unit, Faculty of Health Sport and Science, University of Glamorgan, Pontypridd, Wales, United Kingdom; 2Royal Gwent Hospital, Newport, Gwent, United KingdomAbstract: Blood pressure (BP) measurements provide information regarding risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease, but only in a specific artery. Arterial stiffness (AS) can be determined by measurement of arterial pulse wave vel...

  13. Concurrent Stenoocclusive Disease of Intracranial and Extracranial Arteries in a Patient with Polycythemia Vera

    OpenAIRE

    Hua, Le H.; Robert L. Dodd; Schwartz, Neil E

    2012-01-01

    Moyamoya disease is a stenoocclusive disease involving the intracranial carotid and proximal middle cerebral arteries. There are rarely any additional extracranial stenoses occurring concurrently with moyamoya. The pathophysiology of moyamoya remains obscure, but hematologic disorders, notably sickle-cell anemia, have been associated in some cases. We describe the novel case of polycythemia vera associated with severe steno-occlusive disease of both intracranial and extracranial large arterie...

  14. Gene Expression Patterns in Peripheral Blood Correlate with the Extent of Coronary Artery Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Sinnaeve, Peter R; Donahue, Mark P.; Grass, Peter; Seo, David; Vonderscher, Jacky; Chibout, Salah-Dine; Kraus, William E.; Sketch, Michael; Nelson, Charlotte; Ginsburg, Geoffrey S.; Goldschmidt-Clermont, Pascal J.; Granger, Christopher B.

    2009-01-01

    Systemic and local inflammation plays a prominent role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, but the relationship of whole blood gene expression changes with coronary disease remains unclear. We have investigated whether gene expression patterns in peripheral blood correlate with the severity of coronary disease and whether these patterns correlate with the extent of atherosclerosis in the vascular wall. Patients were selected according to their coronary artery disea...

  15. Genetic Susceptibility to Peripheral Arterial Disease: A Dark Corner in Vascular Biology

    OpenAIRE

    Knowles, Joshua W.; Assimes, Themistocles L.; Li, Jun; Quertermous, Thomas; Cooke, John P.

    2007-01-01

    Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is characterized by reduced blood flow to the limbs, usually as a consequence of atherosclerosis, and affects ≈12 million Americans. It is a common cause of cardiovascular morbidity and an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality. Similar to other atherosclerotic diseases, such as coronary artery disease, PAD is the result of the complex interplay between injurious environmental stimuli and genetic predisposing factors of the host. Genetic susceptibi...

  16. Quality of Life and Functional Capacity following Peripheral Arterial Disease Exercise Programme

    OpenAIRE

    Guidon, Marie; McGee, Hannah; Kelly, Cathal

    2010-01-01

    Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a manifestation of generalised atherosclerotic disease in which the arterial lumen becomes progressively narrowed by atherosclerotic plaques. This results in reduced blood flow to the tissues causing pain on exercise, relieved by rest (Intermittent Claudication [IC]). As PAD is a chronic, progressive disease with a significant cardiovascular and cerebrovascular risk burden it has a considerable impact on functional capacity and quality of life (QOL). Curre...

  17. Drug Related Problems in the Management of Chronic Kidney Disease with Coronary Artery Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Winda H. Furqani

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Drug related problems were defined as conditions on patient’s therapy management that caused, or potentially caused unsuccessful therapy. This study was conducted at a hospital in Cimahi City in May 2014. In this study, DRPs were identified on a 59 years old woman who was diagnosed with chronic kidney disease and coronary artery disease with gangrene on the left hand (the third finger. The patient also had a diabetes mellitus for two until three years ago. Drug related problems (DRPs were found in this patient. Unnecessary drug therapy (administration of calsium polystirene sulfonate, inappropriate choosen antibiotic, inappropriate dosing (administration of amoxicillin and captopril, and risks drug interactions (captopril–furosemide, captopril–isosorbide dinitrate, and captopril–sodium bicarbonate. Patients with chronic kidney disease and coronary artery disease received complex drug therapy. These condition lead to higer risk of DRPs. The involvement of clinical pharmacist in interdisciplinary team for management of complex diseases was needed to monitor drug therapy to optimizing the therapy, minimalizing the risk of DRPs, and improving patient’s quality of life.

  18. New treatment of iliac artery disease: focus on the Absolute Pro® Vascular Self-Expanding Stent System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gates L

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Lindsay Gates, Jeffrey Indes Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA Abstract: Management of iliac artery disease has evolved over the years, from a surgical-only approach to a primarily endovascular-only approach as the first line treatment option. This has been continuously improved upon with the advent of new devices and applied technologies. Most recently in particular, the literature has shown good, reliable outcomes with the use of self-expandable stents in iliac artery atherosclerotic lesions. Nevertheless, no device is without its limitations, and the Absolute Pro® Vascular Self-Expanding Stent System was designed with the intent of overcoming some of the shortcomings of other available stents while maintaining acceptable postprocedural outcomes. Based on preliminary industry-acquired data, it has achieved these goals and appears to be an emergent competitor for the treatment of both focal and complex iliac artery lesions. Keywords: Absolute-Pro®, iliac stent, self-expanding stents, atherosclerotic disease

  19. Signal and image processing for early detection of coronary artery diseases: A review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mobssite, Youness; Samir, B. Belhaouari; Mohamad Hani, Ahmed Fadzil B.

    2012-09-01

    Today biomedical signals and image based detection are a basic step to diagnose heart diseases, in particular, coronary artery diseases. The goal of this work is to provide non-invasive early detection of Coronary Artery Diseases relying on analyzing images and ECG signals as a combined approach to extract features, further classify and quantify the severity of DCAD by using B-splines method. In an aim of creating a prototype of screening biomedical imaging for coronary arteries to help cardiologists to decide the kind of treatment needed to reduce or control the risk of heart attack.

  20. Balloon Angioplasty and Drug Eluting Stenting for Treatment of Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akın İzgi

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Peripheral arterial disease is one of the manifestations of systemic atherosclerosis. In the last decade, remarkable technological advances, especially in the stent area, have shifted revascularization strategies from traditional open surgical approaches toward less morbide percutaneous endovascular treatments. However, even with new designed nitinol bare stents, restenosis remains as the major obstacle of this procedures. More recently, drug eluting stent platforms have been used to treat atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease. In this article, we reviewed new studies relevant to drug eluting stents for lower extremity peripheral arterial occlusive disease.

  1. Fetal outcome in relation with Colour Doppler study of middle cerebral artery AND umblical artery in intrauterine growth restriction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yellapragada Lakshmi Nalini

    2015-07-01

    Conclusion: With the Colour Doppler, the study of middle cerebral artery flow along with umbilical artery flows was useful in identifying IUGR and managing them in an appropriate way. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(7.000: 1721-1725

  2. Mammographically detected breast arterial calcifications: Indicators for arteriosclerotic diseases?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To determine the prevalence of breast arterial calcifications (BAC) detected on mammography and search for conditions that may influence their existence. Materials and methods: The mammograms of 6156 consecutive patients were reevaluated for the presence of BAC. Four hundred eighty-five women having BAC were enrolled in the patient group. Additionally, randomly selected 500 women, without BAC constituted the control group. Hospital records of the participants were reviewed for parity, menopausal status, oral contraceptive agent (OCA) usage, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) usage, presence of diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, albuminuria and history of myocardial infarction (MI). Results: Prevalence of BAC was 7.9% on mammograms. Ninety-four women were aged between 40 and 49 years, 165 were aged between 50 and 59 years and 226 were over 60 years among BAC positive 485 women. A significant relationship was found for the frequency of BAC versus age and HRT usage in all age groups (p 0.05). Conclusion: Most benign findings like BAC are not routinely reported during mammographic evaluation. Our study showed that, presence of BAC on mammography was strongly related to advancing age. However, these findings may signify a systemic risk and can be used as precautious indicators for undocumented systemic diseases, especially in premenopausal women

  3. Coronary Artery Disease in critical patients of Iran

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To identify the risk factors for Coronary Artery Diseases (CAD), such as hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, smoking, age, obesity, immobility and diabetes mellitus, in critical patients of Sistan-Baluchistan (SB), Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional research was performed in 2006. The sampling method was convenience, and involved 616 hospitalised patients in the CCUs of hospitals of Sistan-Baluchistan province. Data was collected by structured interview and a checklist which included personal characteristics and risk factors like lifestyles as well as biochemical and physiological factors for CAD. SPSS software, Chi-square and exact fisher tests were used for analysis. Results: Frequency of risk factors among patients with CAD was found to be high in the study area. Also, the results showed that the prevalence of some risk factors, such as diabetes mellitus 198 (32.5%), hypertension 266 (43.7%) and obesity 131 (22.9%), was significantly higher in women than men. Besides, there was a significant relationship between smoking, 317(52.3%) and low mobility 503 (83.3%), with gender (p=0.001). Conclusion: Clinical and para-clinical data indicated that the adult population has a high level of CAD risk factors in the Sistan-Baluchistan province which may require urgent steps to address national control measures regarding CAD. Implementation of a prevention programme is necessary in order to reduce the risk factors. Also, health education is necessary, specially for women. (author)

  4. Utility of PET-CT in coronary artery diseases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Positron Emission tomography (PET) is a powerful noninvasive technique to study function of cellular and biochemical processes of living being since more than three decades. It started as an investigative tool to probe cardiac physiologic processes such as myocardial perfusion, metabolism, neuronal innervation and receptor function. In the beginning, PET myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) was used for assessment of coronary blood flow in research applications or for assessment of living or dead myocytes (i.e myocardial viability) or to guide clinical management in high risk patients. Over the last decade, there is a paradigm shift in use of PET MPI for routine clinical evaluation of patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Presently, this procedure is done not only in large academic institutions but also at the community hospitals of USA. The factors contributing to this shift in use of PET MPI including the exponential growth and availability of combined PET/CT systems which were driven primarily by imaging for cancer, easy availability of generator produced radiotracer like 82 Rubidium(Rb), changes in reimbursement in USA and the increasing clinical evidence supporting the value of PET/CT MPI. This brief lecture will focus on PET radiotracers in CAD evaluation, quantitative myocardial blood flow measurement, viability assessment and PET/CT MPI applications. (author)

  5. Bivalirudin in the Treatment of Coronary Artery Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohan Jayasinghe

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Periprocedural anticoagulation continues to be a vital aspect in the management of coronary artery disease. Bivalirudin is a relatively new drug that has caught much attention in the last decade, especially in the context of percutaneous coronary intervention for acute coronary syndromes. Multiple clinical trials have shown the efficacy, safety profile and limitations of bivalirudin in contrast to previously used heparin and glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors. These trials have included patients with moderate to high-risk stable angina, unstable angina, non-ST-elevation and ST-elevation myocardial infarctions requiring PCI. The growing body of evidence on bivalirudin has also improved the understanding of its applicability and efficacy over other hirudin-based anticoagulants, however continual review of more recent evidence is important in order to integrate bivalirudin more widely across the various guidelines. This article aims to study the cross-section of the evidence base to date on the clinical use, efficacy and risks related to the use of bivalirudin and attempts to provide the clinician with a practical overview of the role of bivalirudin in the most recent guidelines.http://dx.doi.org/10.7175/rhc.v5i2.914

  6. Iodixanol in cardioangiography in patients with coronary artery disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iodixanol is a new nonionic, dimeric contrast medium. With the addition of 18 mmol/l Na+ and 0.3 mmol/l Ca++ to iodixanol 320 mg l/ml a plasma-isotonic solution was obtained. The purpose was to evaluate the suitability of iodixanol for use in cardioangiography by determining the diagnostic efficacy, patient tolerability, and cardiac and renal side-effects. Initially, 14 patients with coronary artery disease were examined using iodixanol. A double-blind, randomized study was then performed in 72 patients, comparing iodixanol and iohexol. Serum and urine were sampled before the examination, and one and 2 days after. The diagnostic information was good and the number of adverse events low with iodixanol. The patients reported significantly less of a sensation of warmth following injection of iodixanol than iohexol. Our results also indicate that iodixanol 320 mg/l ml influences renal function to a lesser degree than does iohexol 350 mg l/ml. We therefore conclude that isoteonic iodixanol is a safe contrast medium for use in cardioangiography. (orig.)

  7. Birth outcomes of women with celiac disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgård, Bente; Fonager, Kirsten; Sørensen, Henrik Toft;

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine birthweight, low birthweight (<2500 g), and intrauterine growth retardation in offspring of women with celiac disease in relation to their first hospitalization for the disease. METHODS: This was a historical cohort study based on The Danish Medical Birth Registry...... data of celiac women discharged from Danish hospitals from 1977-1992. The study included 211 newborns to 127 mothers with celiac disease, and 1260 control deliveries. RESULTS: Before celiac women were first hospitalized the mean birthweight of their newborns was 238 g (95% confidence interval [95% CI......] = 150, 325 g) lower than that of the control women, after adjustment for potential confounders. After the first hospitalization the mean birthweight for newborns of diseased women was higher than that of controls, by 67 g (95% CI = -88, 223 g) after adjustment for potential confounders. Before celiac...

  8. Revascularisation versus medical treatment in patients with stable coronary artery disease: network meta-analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Windecker, Stephan; Stortecky, Stefan; Stefanini, Giulio G; da Costa, Bruno R.; Rutjes, Anne Wilhelmina; Di Nisio, Marcello; Silletta, Maria G; Maione, Ausilia; Alfonso, Fernando; Clemmensen, Peter M; Collet, Jean-Philippe; Cremer, Jochen; Falk, Volkmar; Filippatos, Gerasimos; Hamm, Christian

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate whether revascularisation improves prognosis compared with medical treatment among patients with stable coronary artery disease. DESIGN Bayesian network meta-analyses to combine direct within trial comparisons between treatments with indirect evidence from other trials while maintaining randomisation. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES A strategy of initial medical treatment compared with revascularisation by coronary artery bypass grafting...

  9. Contemporary Management of Coronary Artery Disease and Acute Coronary Syndrome in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease and End-Stage Renal Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Chin-Chou; Chen, Jaw-Wen

    2013-01-01

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have emerged as a worldwide public health problem. Due to the remarkably higher incidence and prevalence of this chronic disease in Taiwan than in other countries, CKD/ESRD has contributed to a significant health burden in Taiwan. Patients with CKD/ESRD have an increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) compared to the normal population. Patients with ACS alone can present differently than patients with ACS and CKD/ESRD. Also, due to the lower prevalence of chest pain and ST-segment elevation, CKD/ESRD patients were more difficult to diagnose than other patients. Furthermore, whether advances in ACS management with medical therapy and an early invasive approach could improve patient outcomes with CKD/ESRD is not known. The use of antiplatelets such as aspirin and other antithrombotic agents might reduce the incidence of ACS or stroke in CKD patients. However, such use could also increase bleeding risk and even increase the likelihood of mortality, especially in dialysis patients. While recent clinical data suggest the potential benefit of aggressive management with coronary intervention for CAD and ACS in this category of patients, further clinical studies are still indicated for the proper medical strategy and revascularization therapy to improve the outcomes of CAD and ACS in CKD/ESRD patients, both in Taiwan and worldwide. PMID:27122697

  10. Multiple biomarkers for mortality prediction in peripheral arterial disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amrock, Stephen M; Weitzman, Michael

    2016-04-01

    Few studies have assessed which biomarkers influence mortality risk among those with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). We analyzed data from 556 individuals identified to have PAD (i.e. ankle-brachial index ⩽0.9) with available measurements of C-reactive protein, the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), homocysteine, and the urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) in the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We investigated whether a combination of these biomarkers improved the prediction of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality beyond conventional risk factors. During follow-up (median, 8.1 years), 277 of 556 participants died; 63 deaths were attributed to cardiovascular disease. After adjusting for conventional risk factors, Cox proportional-hazards models showed the following to be most strongly associated with all-cause mortality (each is followed by the adjusted hazard ratio [HR] per 1 standard deviation increment in the log values): homocysteine (1.31), UACR (1.21), and NLR (1.20). UACR alone significantly predicted cardiovascular mortality (1.53). Persons in the highest quintile of multimarker scores derived from regression coefficients of significant biomarkers had elevated risks of all-cause mortality (adjusted HR, 2.45; 95% CI, 1.66-3.62; p for trend, HR, 2.20; 95% CI, 1.02-4.71; p for trend, 0.053) compared to those in the lowest two quintiles. The addition of continuous multimarker scores to conventional risk factors improved risk stratification of all-cause mortality (integrated discrimination improvement [IDI], 0.162; pcontinuous multimarker score to conventional risk factors improved mortality prediction among patients with PAD. PMID:26762418

  11. Is pseudoexfoliation syndrome associated with coronary artery disease?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Yunus Emiroglu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PEX is recognised by chronic deposition of abnormal pseudoexfoliation material on anterior segment structures of the eye, especially the anterior lens capsule. In recent years, several studies have shown the presence of vascular, cardiac and other organ pseudoexfoliative material in patients with ocular pseudoexfoliation. Aims : The purpose of this study is to determine whether an association exists between ocular pseudoexfoliation and coronary artery disease, aortic aneurysms and peripheric vascular disease. Patients and Methods: 490 patients who underwent coronary angiography (CAG at Kosuyolu Cardiovascula Research and Training Hospital were included in the study. Patients were evaluated for conventional risk factors such as age, sex, family history, hypertension, diabetes, dislipidemia and smoking. Detailed eye examinations including evaluation of lens were done in all patients. The presence of PEX material in the anterior segment was best appreciated by slit lamp after pupillary dilation. The patients were divided into two groups according to the presence of PEX, and compared for the presence of CAD and other risk factors. Results: CAD was present in 387 patients. 103 patients had normal coronary angiography. 20 (5.2 % of CAD patients and 4 (3.9% of normal CAG patients were found to have PEX (p>0.05. There was no significant relationship between CAD and the presence of PEX (p>0.05. When patients were grouped according to the presence of PEX, only age was significantly different between the two groups (r: 0.25, p<0.001. Conclusion: There is no significant relationship between the presence of PEX and CAD. Further studies in larger scales with elderly population may be more valuable.

  12. Periodontitis as a Risk Factor in Non-Diabetic Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vida Nesar Hoseini

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Coronary Artery Disease (CAD is responsible for much mortality across the w orld, especially in our country .The conventional risk factors for atherosclerosis are well understood, but they can account for only about 50 to 70% of atherosclerotic events in the general population. The aim of this study was to investigate relationships between prevalent Coronary Artery Disease (CAD and clinical periodontal disease in patients with angiographic ally proven coronary artery disease. 152 consecutive patients w ith angiographically proven coronary artery disease will be included in this study, who received a complete periodontal examination during visit. Patients with normal coronary, average plaque index (1.6±1.02 Index of bleeding (1.51±0.92, mean adhesion level (3.57±1.18. But patients with coronary artery disease, the mean plaque index (2.46±0.62 Index of bleeding (1.86±0.92, mean adhesion level (4.13±1.45. These differences are statistically significant. (p<0.05 In this study, average depth of probe entrance on the surface of teeth has had little relation w ith cardiovascular disease (p = 0.051. According to the results of this study, in peoples over 40 years, who had coronary artery disease proved by coronary angiography, gingival inflammation (periodentitis has a significant relation as a risk factor.

  13. Outcome measures in neuromuscular disease: is the world still flat?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lunn, Michael P; Van den Bergh, Peter Y K

    2015-09-01

    Valid, responsive, and meaningful outcome measures for the measurement of the impairment, activity limitations, and quality of life in patients with neuromuscular disease are crucial to identify the natural history of disease and benefits of therapy in clinical practice and trials. Although understanding of many aspects of neuromuscular diseases has advanced dramatically, the development of outcome measures has received less attention. The scales developed from Rasch theory by the PeriNomS Group represent the biggest significant shift in thought in neuromuscular outcome measures for decades. There remain problems with many of them, and further developments are required. However, incorporating them into our outcome sets for daily use and in clinical trials will lead to the more efficient capture of meaningful change and will result in better assessment of individuals and groups of patients in both clinical trials and neurological practice. PMID:26114965

  14. Endothelial dysfunction, carotid artery plaque burden, and conventional exercise-induced myocardial ischemia as predictors of coronary artery disease prognosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ishihara Masayuki

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background While both flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD in the brachial artery (BA, which measures endothelium-dependent vasodilatation, and intima-media thickness (IMT in the carotid artery are correlated with the prognosis of coronary artery disease (CAD, it is not clear which modality is a better predictor of CAD. Furthermore, it has not been fully determined whether either of these modalities is superior to conventional ST-segment depression on exercise stress electrocardiogram (ECG as a predictor. Thus, the goal of the present study was to compare the predictive value of FMD, IMT, and stress ECG for CAD prognosis. Methods and Results A total of 103 consecutive patients (62 ± 9 years old, 79 men with clinically suspected CAD had FMD and nitroglycerin-induced dilation (NTG-D in the BA, carotid artery IMT measurement using high-resolution ultrasound, and exercise treadmill testing. The 73 CAD patients and 30 normal coronary patients were followed for 50 ± 15 months. Fifteen patients had coronary events during this period (1 cardiac death, 2 non-fatal myocardial infarctions, 3 acute heart failures, and 9 unstable anginas. On Kaplan-Meier analysis, only FMD and stress ECG were significant predictors for cardiac events. Conclusion Brachial endothelial function as reflected by FMD and conventional exercise stress testing has comparable prognostic value, whereas carotid artery plaque burden appears to be less powerful for predicting future cardiac events.

  15. Thirty-day outcome of carotid artery stenting in Chinese patients: a single-center experience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIAO Li-qun; SONG Gang; LI Shen-mao; MIAO Zhong-rong; ZHU Feng-shui; JI Xun-ming; YIN Guo-yang

    2013-01-01

    Background Carotid artery stenting (CAS) as a competing treatment modality has had to adhere to limits to gain widespread acceptance in some studies.This study analyzed the clinical data of 1700 consecutive patients after CAS to retrospectively evaluate the 30-day outcome of CAS for internal carotid artery stenosis in a Chinese population.Methods Medical records of 1700 patients who underwent CAS at Xuanwu Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University between January 2001 and August 2012 were reviewed.Postoperative 30-day complication rates were analyzed and compared with those of other studies.Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with perioperation myocardial infarction (MI),stroke,and death.Results The overall 30-day rate of MI,stroke,and death after CAS was 2.53%.In univariate analysis,patients who were symptomatic,had a neurological deficit (modified Rankin score (mRS) ≥3; P=0.001),and who were not taking statins experienced a significantly increased rate of MI,stroke,and death (P=-0.017).In multivariate Logistic regression analysis,the presence of symptoms (odds ratio (OR)=2.485; 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.267-4.876; P=0.008) and a neurological deficit (mRS ≥3) (OR=3.025; 95% CI=1.353-6.763; P=0.007) were independent risk factors for perioperative MI,stroke,and death.Conclusions According to this single-center experience,CAS may effectively prevent and treat carotid artery stenosis that would otherwise lead to stroke.Being symptomatic and having a neurological deficit (mRS ≥3) increased the risk of perioperative MI,stroke,and death.

  16. Association between peripheral arterial disease and creactive protein in the japanese-brazilian population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Garofolo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between peripheral arterial disease and elevated levels of C-reactive protein in the Japanese-Brazilian population of high cardiovascular risk. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study derived from a population-based study on the prevalence of diabetes and associated diseases in the Japanese-Brazilian population. One thousand, three hundred and thirty individuals aged e" 30 underwent clinical and laboratory examination, including measurement of ultrasensitive C-reactive protein. The diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease was performed by calculating the ankle-brachial index. We considered with peripheral arterial disease patients who had ankle-brachial index d" 0.9. After applying the exclusion criteria, 1,038 subjects completed the study. RESULTS: The mean age of the population was 56.8 years; 46% were male. The prevalence of peripheral arterial disease was 21%, with no difference between genders. Data analysis showed no association between peripheral arterial disease and ultrasensitive C-reactive protein. Patients with ankle-brachial index d" 0.70 showed higher values of ultrasensitive C-reactive protein and worse cardiometabolic profile. We found a positive independent association of peripheral arterial disease with hypertension and smoking. CONCLUSION: The association between low levels of ankle-brachial index and elevated levels of ultrasensitive C-reactive protein may suggest a relationship of gravity, aiding in the mapping of high-risk patients.

  17. Facts about Peripheral Arterial Disease (P.A.D.) for African Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... About Peripheral Arterial Disease (P.A.D.) for African Americans One in every 20 Americans over the age ... stroke. P.A.D. is more common in African Americans than any other racial or ethnic group. This ...

  18. Association between chronic kidney dysfunction and the complexity of coronary artery disease in elderly patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜利求

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the association between chronic kidney dysfunction and the complexity of coronary artery disease in elderly patients.Methods A prospective study was conducted on 1380 consecutive patients

  19. 78. Environmental air pollution: A new emerging factor for coronary artery disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.A. Meo

    2016-07-01

    Conclusion: Environmental pollution exert detrimental effects on the heart. The researchers and physicians must consider the environmental pollution as an emerging factor in the development of coronary artery disease.

  20. Collaborative Cardiac Care Service: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Caring for Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Sandhoff, Brian G; Kuca, Susan; Rasmussen, Jon; Merenich, John A

    2008-01-01

    Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) remains the leading cause of death in the US. In 1996, Kaiser Permanente of Colorado (KPCO) developed the Collaborative Cardiac Care Service (CCCS) with the goal of improving the health of patients with CAD.

  1. Metabolic alterations and neurodevelopmental outcome of infants with transposition of the great arteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, I Sook; Yoon, S Young; Min, J Yeon; Kim, Y Hwue; Ko, J Kok; Kim, K Soo; Seo, D Man; Lee, J Hee

    2006-01-01

    Abnormal neurodevelopment has been reported for infants who were born with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) and underwent arterial switch operation (ASO). This study evaluates the cerebral metabolism of TGA infants at birth and before ASO and neurodevelopment 1 year after ASO. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) was performed on 16 full-term TGA brains before ASO within 3-6 days after birth. The brain metabolite ratios of [NAA/Cr], [Cho/Cr], and [mI/Cr] evaluated measured. Ten infants were evaluated at 1 year using the Bayley Scales of Infants Development II (BSED II). Cerebral metabolism of infants with TGA was altered in parietal white matter (PWM) and occipital gray matter (OGM) at birth before ASO. One year after ASO, [Cho/Cr] in PWM remained altered, but all metabolic ratios in OGM were normal. The results of BSID II at 1 year showed delayed mental and psychomotor development. This delayed neurodevelopmental outcome may reflect consequences of the altered cerebral metabolism in PWM measured by 1H-MRS. It is speculated that the abnormal hemodynamics due to TGA in utero may be responsible for the impaired cerebral metabolism and the subsequent neurodevelopmental deficit. PMID:16897317

  2. Multislice computed tomographic patterns of muscle bridging of left anterior descending artery and their relation to atheromatous coronary artery disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objectives: To determine the frequency of atheromatous coronary artery disease in patients with myocardial bridge. Study Design: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: AFIC/NIHD Rawalpindi from September 2010 to November 2010. Patients and Methods: Patients undergoing MSCT angiography for diagnosis of CAD having an abnormal finding were included. Patients with history of prior coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), coronary stenting and with chronic total occlusions were excluded. Computed Tomographic (CT) examinations were performed with a dual-source CT scanner. Scanning parameters: detector collimation, 2 x 32 x 0.6 mm; slice collimation, 2 x 64 x 0.6 mm; gantry rotation time, 330 milliseconds; tube current-time product, 350 m As per rotation and tube potential 120 kV. Reconstructions done and data transmitted to workstations and analyzed. Myocardial bridge (MB) was diagnosed and evaluated when an intramuscular segment of LAD artery was visualized on axial, volume rendered and multiplanar reformation (MPR) images. Results: Out of 232 patients 32% had MB. Males were three times more likely to have Myocardial bridge (MB). Mid and distal LAD showed 54% and 45% MBs respectively. Fourteen percent had evidence of atherosclerosis proximal to MB segment. Mean length and depth of MB segment was 18mm and 1.8mm respectively. Superficial type was most common (44%), followed by deep type (33%) while RV type was least common (23%). Conclusion: Frequency of patients with myocardial bridge having concomitant atheromatous coronary artery disease was 14%. (author)

  3. Application of JOSTENT in the treatment of stenotic-occlusive diseases of aortic and peripheral arteries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the effect of JOSTENT in the treatment of aortic and peripheral arterial stenotic-occlusive diseases. Methods: 9 cases (6 males and 3 females; age, 33-68 years) of aortic and peripheral arterial stenotic-occlusive diseases were undergone JOSTENT procedure including 1 aortic, 5 iliac and 3 subclavian arteries. 11 JOSTENTs were successfully implanted into the stenotic-occlusive arteries. Results: 9 patients who received the procedure of stent angioplasty with successfully implanted 11 stents. All patients were asymptomatic after stent implantation with follow up for 1-12 months and stent pertaining vessels with patency. Conclusions: JOSTENT placement is a valuable adjunct in the management of occlusive aortic and peripheral arteries

  4. Pulmonary arterial hypertension in congenital heart disease: Correlation of radiologic index with hemodynamic data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Young Hi [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1984-09-15

    It is well known that pulmonary arterial hypertension in congenital heart disease is an important prognostic factor, as is pulmonary vascular resistance. So it is tempting to get certain radiologic index that could predict the presence and the degree of pulmonary arterial hypertension. A total of 152 cases of left to right shunt with pulmonary arterial hypertension and 50 cases of left to right shunt without pulmonary arterial hypertension is presented, in which cardiac catheterization and angiocardiography were done at the Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital between March 1981 and February 1983. Statistical analysis of plain radiography findings with the emphasis on the correction of radiologic index with the hemodynamic data. The results are as follows: 1. The incidence of pulmonary arterial hypertension is much less in arterial septal defect than other two disease groups of left to right shunt. 2. PA/T ratio correlates well with pulmonary arterial pressure (r=0.674), especially in mild pulmonary hypertension group. No correlation in moderate pulmonary hypertension group in significant level. 3. PA/T ratio is below 38 in total cases of normal control group and in 32 cases (21.0%) among 152 cases of pulmonary arterial hypertension group. 4. The average PA/T ratio in normal pressure group of left to right shunt is 35.3, which has no significant difference from that of normal control group. 5. The average CT ratio of pulmonary arterial hypertension group is 59.0, which is larger than 49.1 of normal control group. The CT ratio shows no correlation with the pulmonary arterial pressure in statistically significant level. 6. The higher the pulmonary arterial pressure, the larger the Rp/Rs value. The Rp/Rs in atrial septal defect is 0.193 in average, the lowest value in comparison with other two disease groups.

  5. Improved Cardiovascular Disease Outcomes in Older Adults [version 1; referees: 3 approved

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel E. Forman

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Longevity is increasing and the population of older adults is growing. The biology of aging is conducive to cardiovascular disease (CVD, such that prevalence of coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease, arrhythmia and other disorders are increasing as more adults survive into old age.  Furthermore, CVD in older adults is distinctive, with management issues predictably complicated by multimorbidity, polypharmacy, frailty and other complexities of care that increase management risks (e.g., bleeding, falls, and rehospitalization and uncertainty of outcomes.  In this review, state-of-the-art advances in heart failure, acute coronary syndromes, transcatheter aortic valve replacement, atrial fibrillation, amyloidosis, and CVD prevention are discussed.  Conceptual benefits of treatments are considered in relation to the challenges and ambiguities inherent in their application to older patients.

  6. Association between corneal arcus and some of the risk factors for coronary artery disease.

    OpenAIRE

    Pe'er, J; Vidaurri, J.; Halfon, S. T.; Eisenberg, S; Zauberman, H

    1983-01-01

    The relationships between coronary artery disease risk factors and corneal arcus were examined in 150 adults aged 55 years and above of both sexes and from different ethnic origins. The width of the corneal arcus was measured accurately by a digitiser, and the risk factors for coronary artery disease were examined according to the standard procedure used by the Lipid Research Clinics. The results show that the corneal arcus is more frequent in males; the frequency and size of corneal arcus ar...

  7. PLASMA NITRITE FLUX PREDICTS EXERCISE PERFORMANCE IN PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE FOLLOWING 3 MONTHS OF EXERCISE TRAINING

    OpenAIRE

    Allen, Jason D.; Stabler, Thomas; Kenjale, Aarti; Ham, Katherine L.; Robbins, Jennifer L.; Duscha, Brian D; Dobrosielski, Devon A; Annex, Brian H

    2010-01-01

    Plasma nitrite is a major oxidation product of nitric oxide. It has also recently been suggested to perform an endocrine-like function as a nitric oxide donor in hypoxic tissues, allowing vasodilation. Exercise performance is limited in peripheral arterial disease due to an inadequate blood supply to working tissues. We hypothesized that exercise training in peripheral arterial disease subjects will demonstrate improved “plasma nitrite flux” and endothelial function, to accompany increased ex...

  8. Peripheral artery disease is associated with severe impairment of vascular function

    OpenAIRE

    Kiani, Soroosh; Aasen, Jonathan G; Holbrook, Monika; Khemka, Abhishek; Sharmeen, Farhana; LeLeiko, Rebecca M; Tabit, Corey E; Farber, Alik; Eberhardt, Robert T.; Gokce, Noyan; Vita, Joseph A.; Hamburg, Naomi M.

    2013-01-01

    Patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) have higher cardiovascular event rates than patients with established coronary artery disease (CAD) and abnormal endothelial function predicts cardiovascular risk in PAD and CAD. We investigated the hypothesis that PAD is associated with a greater degree of impairment in vascular function than CAD. We used several non-invasive tests to evaluate endothelial function in 1320 men and women with combined PAD and CAD (n = 198), PAD alone (n = 179), CAD...

  9. Collaborative Cardiac Care Service: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Caring for Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandhoff, Brian G; Kuca, Susan; Rasmussen, Jon; Merenich, John A

    2008-01-01

    Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) remains the leading cause of death in the US. In 1996, Kaiser Permanente of Colorado (KPCO) developed the Collaborative Cardiac Care Service (CCCS) with the goal of improving the health of patients with CAD. Description: CCCS consists of a nursing team (the KP Cardiac Rehabilitation program) and a pharmacy team (the Clinical Pharmacy Cardiac Risk Service). CCCS works collaboratively with patients, primary care physicians, cardiologists, and other health care professionals to coordinate proven cardiac risk reduction strategies for patients with CAD. Activities such as lifestyle modification, medication initiation and adjustment, patient education, laboratory monitoring, and management of adverse events are all coordinated through CCCS. The CCCS uses an electronic medical record and patient-tracking software to document all interactions with patients, track patient appointments, and collect data for evaluation of both short- and long-term outcomes. Outcomes: The CCCS currently follows over 12,000 patients with CAD. The CCCS has demonstrated improvement in surrogate outcomes including: cholesterol screening (55% to 96.3%), the proportion of patients with a goal of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) <100 mg/dL (22% to 76.9%), and has reduced the average LDL-c to 78.3 mg/dL for the CAD population it follows. The CCCS has shown a reduction in all-cause mortality associated with CAD by 76% in the patients followed by the service. Patient and physician satisfaction have been high with CCCS. Conclusion: The CCCS coordinates many aspects of cardiac risk reduction care resulting in excellent continuity of care. The CCCS has continued to grow and expand the number of patients enrolled by using innovative strategies and technology and has resulted in excellent care and improved outcomes of the CAD population at KPCO. PMID:21331203

  10. Association between hs-CRP Levels and the Outcomes of Patients with Small-Artery Occlusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, Ruiying; Gao, Yuan; Hou, Dongzhe; Wang, Yajing; Yu, Changshen; Wang, Wanjun; Liu, Shoufeng; Gao, Chunlin; Tong, Xiaoguang; Wu, Jialing

    2016-01-01

    Background: High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is not only a marker of inflammation but also a prognostic factor for ischemic stroke. The objective of our study was to investigative the association between hs-CRP levels and outcomes of patients with small-artery occlusion (SAO). Methods: We selected 718 participants diagnosed with SAO (according to Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment classification) using the stroke registry of the Department of Neurorehabilitation of Tianjin HuanHu Hospital. Hs-CRP values at admission were classified into 3 categories: mg/L, 0.91 to mg/L, and ≥2.77 mg/L. Patients were divided into two subgroups based on age: the younger subgroup (CRP levels at the time of admission and mRS scores using multivariate logistic regression analysis. We also assessed the association between hs-CRP levels and patient outcomes according to age. Results: Among 718 patients with SAO (mean age, 61.7 ± 11.3 years), median hs-CRP was 1.54 mg/L. Although 628 patients had a favorable outcome, and 90 patients had a poor outcome at 3 months after SAO. Compared with the lowest levels of hs-CRP, those highest levels of hs-CRP (hs-CRP > 2.77 mg/L) were at increased risk of poor outcome (adjusted odds ratio, 1.917; 95% CI, 1.050–3.500; P = 0.034), and more than twice the risk of poor outcome among patients in the younger subgroup (adjusted odds ratio, 2.092; 95% CI, 1.079–4.058; P = 0.029). These associations persisted after adjustment for confounding risk factors. However, hs-CRP levels were not significantly associated with outcome among patients in the elder subgroup. Conclusions: Elevated hs-CRP in patients with SAO is an independent predictor of poor prognosis; however, this association is only present in younger patients (<75 years). PMID:27555819

  11. The Relation Between Aortic Pulse Pressure and Coronary Artery Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Metin Esen

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Pulse pressure (PP is a significant marker of cardiovascular morbidity.We investigated the relation between aortic PP and the presence and extent of coronary artery disease (CAD in patients undergoing diagnostic coronary angiography (CAG.Patients and Method: The study group consisted of 550 patients (363 men, 187 women.We evaluated patients in two different groups, PP < 60 mmHg and ≥ 60 mmHg.Results: In univariate analysis gender and presence of hyperlipidemia showed no statistically significant differences between both groups. However, the ratio of patients having diabetes mellitus, hypertension or smoking were significantly higher in ≥ 60 mmHg PP group. The mean age was 55.2 ±11.9 in < 60 mmHg PP group and 61.3±9.3 in the other group (p<0.01. Although systolic blood pressure level was higher in ≥ 60 mmHg PP group (160.4±21.1 vs. 126.4±13.5, p< 0.001, diastolic blood pressure level showed no significant differences between both groups (78.3±13.5 vs. 80.3±10.2, p= 0.32. In the <60 mmHg PP group, the ratio of normal CAG was significantly higher, and also, the critically CAD rate was lower than the other group. In multivariate analysis, smoking [odds ratios (OR 2.344, 95% confidence intervals (CI, 1.416-3.879], male gender (OR 5.858, 95% CI, 3.425-10.019 and PP ≥60 mmHg (OR 25.788, 95% CI, 14.001-47.498 were evaluated as an independent indicators of CAD.Conclusions: In our study, we demonstrate that, aortic PP ≥60 mmHg is related to the risk of critically CAD as an independent factor.

  12. Evaluation of stable coronary artery disease by multiple cardiac biomarkers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Effective management of stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) relies on early detection of coronary atherosclerosis. The objective was to evaluate diagnostic accuracy and risk stratification of SCAD patients by high sensitivity C reactive protein (hs CRP), Myeloperoxidase (MPO) and Pregnancy Associated Plasma Protein-A (PAPP-A). Methods: Validation study was conducted at Pathology Department of the Army Medical College, in collaboration with Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology (AFIC/NIHD) Rawalpindi. Total 122 subjects consisting of 61 patients of SCAD and 61 angio-negative controls were included. The levels of bio markers were measured before angiography by using kits provided by Siemens (UK) for hs CRP and Abbott for MPO on Immulite 1000 and Architect Analyzer respectively, whereas serum PAPP-A was measured by an ELISA based method using kit provided by IBL Germany. Results: The mean age of the patients was 56.57 +- 8.35 years and consisted of 53 (86.9%) males and 8 (13%) females. Area under curve (AUC) and 95% CI of hs CRP 0.817 (0.736-.881) was significantly higher than that of MPO 0.685 (0.594-0.766) (p=0.018) and PAPP-A 0.565 (0.472-0.655) (p<0.001) for the diagnosis of SCAD. Patients in the highest quartile of PAPP-A were at the highest risk for adverse events as PAPP-A had the highest Hazard Ratio (HR) of 3.4 (p=0.004), as compared to hs CRP 1.124 (p=0.191) and MPO 0.998 (p=0.176). Conclusion: hs CRP has superior diagnostic ability for detection of SCAD than MPO whereas PAPP-A is a more reliable marker for risk stratification among the cardiac biomarkers. (author)

  13. Ramadan Fast in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mousavi, Mehdi; Mirkarimi, SadafSadat; Rahmani, Gita; Hosseinzadeh, Ehsan; Salahi, Navid

    2014-01-01

    Background: Fasting during the month of Ramadan is of vital significance amongst Muslims; however, little is known about the effects of this kind of fasting on patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Objectives: This nonrandomized prospective observational pilot study was designed to investigate the effects of Ramadan fast on the symptoms of CAD. Patients and Methods: Patients with documented CAD were consecutively (nonrandomized) included in the study, and those with heart failure (ejection fraction Ramadan if they so wished and to break their fast as soon as symptoms such as dyspnea and chest pain occurred (fasting group) or not fasting (control group). Results: A total of 148 patients completed the study. Mean (mean ± SD) age of the patients was 61.5 ± 11.7 years and 50% were male. Finally, 66 patients (44.6%) accomplished Ramadan fast with an average of 22.27 ± 10.46 days of fasting. Occurrence of chest pain was not significantly different between the fasting and non-fasting groups (4 out of 66 [6.1%] vs. 8 out of 82 [9.8%] respectively; P = 0.42). In addition, patients who fasted during Ramadan did not experience a higher frequency of a combined endpoint of chest pain and dyspnea (4 out of 66 cases in the fasting group [6.1%] vs. 11 out of 82 in non-fasting group [13.4%]; P = 0.14). Conclusions: In the present study, the patients with CAD were able to observe Ramadan fast safely and their combined endpoint of chest pain and dyspnea was not significantly different from that of the non-fasting ones. We would suggest that patients with CAD and normal left ventricular function could fast during Ramadan. PMID:25763250

  14. Detection of coronary artery disease by exercise radionuclide ventriculography, (1)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to assess the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) and LV functional reserve, exercise radionuclide ventriculography (ERV) were performed in 80 patients who underwent selective cardiac catneterization for evaluation of chest pain syndrome. 70 patients had CAD (30 patients with angina pectoris and 40 patients with myocardial infarction) and 10 did not. In this study, to obtain accurate data by ERV, its practical consideration were metioned. Radionuclide cardioangiography with sup(99m)Tc-invivo RBC labelling were performed using an Anger camera attached with high-sense collimator and on-line minicomputer system. For data aquisition, multi-gated method were used, especially during exercise, list mode collection was suitable for ERV because of variable R-R intervals. Patient stability was performed with an adjustable shoulder support and hand grip, ECG monitoring system by carbon electrolode was used to obtain during exercise. Exercise protocal was graded bicycle ergometer in supine position. As the results, in the patients of CAD, changes of LVEF from rest to exercise were under 5%, while in normal patients, LVEF increased over 5% in all patients. In 30 patients with angina pectoris, the ERV was abnormal in 25 for a sensitivity of 83.3% and specificity of 100%. The ERV were thought to be superior than stress ECG for the detection of CAD. In conclusion, with increasing clinical application, the use of ERV is rapidly becoming wider-spread but the excellent results were thought to depend upon the careful attention to equipment and exercise procedure. (author)

  15. Mammographically detected breast arterial calcifications: Indicators for arteriosclerotic diseases?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taskin, Fuesun [Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, 09100 Aydin (Turkey)]. E-mail: fusuntaskin@yahoo.com; Akdilli, Alev [Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, 09100 Aydin (Turkey); Karaman, Can [Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, 09100 Aydin (Turkey); Unsal, Alparslan [Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, 09100 Aydin (Turkey); Koeseoglu, Kutsi [Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, 09100 Aydin (Turkey); Ergin, Filiz [Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Aydin (Turkey)

    2006-11-15

    Purpose: To determine the prevalence of breast arterial calcifications (BAC) detected on mammography and search for conditions that may influence their existence. Materials and methods: The mammograms of 6156 consecutive patients were reevaluated for the presence of BAC. Four hundred eighty-five women having BAC were enrolled in the patient group. Additionally, randomly selected 500 women, without BAC constituted the control group. Hospital records of the participants were reviewed for parity, menopausal status, oral contraceptive agent (OCA) usage, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) usage, presence of diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, albuminuria and history of myocardial infarction (MI). Results: Prevalence of BAC was 7.9% on mammograms. Ninety-four women were aged between 40 and 49 years, 165 were aged between 50 and 59 years and 226 were over 60 years among BAC positive 485 women. A significant relationship was found for the frequency of BAC versus age and HRT usage in all age groups (p < 0.05). Similarly, significant relationships were also found for the frequency of BAC versus OCA usage, HRT usage, hyperlipidemia and diabetes in age group of 40-49 and in age group of 50-59, and for the frequency of BAC versus albuminuria in age group of 40-49, BAC versus history of myocardial infarction in age group of 59-59 and over 60 years (p < 0.05). The correlations were not significant for the relationships of BAC with OCA usage, hyperlipidemia, diabetes and albuminuria in women over 60 years (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Most benign findings like BAC are not routinely reported during mammographic evaluation. Our study showed that, presence of BAC on mammography was strongly related to advancing age. However, these findings may signify a systemic risk and can be used as precautious indicators for undocumented systemic diseases, especially in premenopausal women.

  16. Androgenetic alopecia and risk of coronary artery disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lata Sharma

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Androgenetic alopecia (AGA or male pattern baldness (MPB has been found to be associated with the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD. The well-known risk factors are family history of CAD, hypertension, increased body mass index (BMI, central obesity, hyperglycemia, and dyslipidemia. The newer risk factors are serum lipoprotein-a (SL-a, serum homocysteine (SH, and serum adiponectin (SA. Aim : Identifying individuals at risk of CAD at an early age might help in preventing CAD and save life. Hence, a comparative study of CAD risk factors was planned in 100 males of AGA between the age of 25 and 40 years with equal number of age- and sex-matched controls. Materials and Methods : Patients of AGA grade II or more of Hamilton and Norwood (HN Scale and controls were examined clinically and advised blood test. The reports were available for fasting blood sugar (FBS, serum total serum cholesterol (SC in 64 cases, 64 controls; lipoproteins (high, low, very low density, HDL, LDL, VLDL, serum triglycerides (ST in 63 cases, 63 controls; SL-a in 63 cases, 74 controls; SH in 56 cases, 74 controls; and SA in 62 cases, 74 controls. Results : In these cases family history (FH of AGA and CAD was significantly high. The blood pressure (BP was also found to be significantly high in the cases. The difference of mean serum HDL, LDL, VLDL, ST, SH, and SL-a in cases and controls were statistically significant and with increasing grade of AGA, the risk factors also increased. Conclusion : Patients with AGA appear to be at an increased risk of developing CAD, therefore, clinical evaluation of cases with AGA of grade II and above may be of help in preventing CAD in future.

  17. CE Neuropsychological and neurobehavioral outcome following childhood arterial ischemic stroke: Attention deficits, emotional dysregulation, and executive dysfunction

    OpenAIRE

    O'Keeffe, Fiadhnait; Liégeois, Frédérique; Eve, Megan; Ganesan, Vijeya; King, John; Murphy, Tara

    2013-01-01

    Objectives To investigate neuropsychological and neurobehavioral outcome in children with arterial ischemic stroke (AIS). Background Childhood stroke can have consequences on motor, cognitive, and behavioral development. We present a cross-sectional study of neuropsychological and neurobehavioral outcome at least one year poststroke in a uniquely homogeneous sample of children who had experienced AIS. Method Forty-nine children with AIS aged 6 to 18 years were recruited from a specialist clin...

  18. Is there a surgeon or hospital volume–outcome relationship in off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery?

    OpenAIRE

    Sepehripour, Amir H.; Athanasiou, Thanos

    2012-01-01

    A best evidence topic was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether there is a surgeon or hospital volume–outcome relationship in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. A total of 281 papers were found using the reported searches, of which six represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, date, journal, study type, population, main outcome measures and results are tabulated. The studies found analysed the...

  19. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Carotid Artery Disease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... have strokes have not previously had warning mini-strokes. Getting treatment for a stroke right away is very important. You have the best chance for full recovery if treatment to open a blocked artery is given within ...

  20. Evaluation of the grading and disorder assessment of congenital heart disease with pulmonary arterial hypertension

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pulmonary arterial hypertension is one of the most common and serious complications in congenital heart disease. Identification of whether the pulmonary, arterial hypertension is dynamic or resistance remains as the great importance for deciding to transfer for surgery, intervention or conservative therapy and directly concerning with the prognosis and choice of treatment. This review mainly deals with the problems such as grading, staging, pathophysiology and the correlative mechanism with clinical assessment of pulmonary. arterial hypertension in congenital heart disease and furthermore providing comprehensive informations for clinical diagnosis and treatment. (authors)

  1. Recurrent Myocardial Infarction in a Patient with an Arteriovenous Coronary Fistula and No Coronary Artery Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcaccini, Sandro; Templin, Christian; Manka, Robert; Stämpfli, Simon F

    2016-06-01

    Myocardial infarction in the absence of coronary artery disease is a rare finding. Mechanisms leading to infarction include paradoxical embolism, coronary dissection, coronary spasm, hypercoagulable states, vasculitis, or-in presence of a coronary fistula-a steal phenomenon. We report for the first time a case of a patient with an arteriovenous coronary fistula and no coronary artery disease, suffering from three incidents of myocardial infarction in three different coronary regions-of which only one was located in the area supplied by the coronary artery connected to the fistula. PMID:27231431

  2. A randomised trial comparing the effect of exercise training and weight loss on microvascular function in coronary artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Rasmus Huan; Pedersen, Lene Rørholm; Jürs, Anders;

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Coronary microvascular function is associated with outcome and is reduced in coronary artery disease (CAD) and obesity. We compared the effect of aerobic interval training (AIT) and weight loss on coronary flow reserve (CFR) and peripheral vascular function in revascularised obese CAD...... patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy non-diabetic patients (BMI 28-40 kg × m(-2), age 45-75 years) were randomised to 12 weeks' AIT (three weekly sessions lasting 38 min with ≈ 16 min at 85-90% of VO2peak) or low energy diet (LED, 800-1000 kcal/day). Per protocol adherence was defined by training...

  3. Early impact of prescription Omega-3 fatty acids on platelet biomarkers in patients with coronary artery disease and hypertriglyceridemia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Serebruany, Victor L; Miller, Michael; Pokov, Alex N;

    2011-01-01

    Background: Prescription omega-3-acid ethyl esters (PO-3A) have been tested for outcome benefits in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), arrhythmias and heart failure. Some evidence suggests that PO-3A may exert their benefit via inhibiting platelets. We tested the hypothesis that PO-3A may...... randomized 1:1:1 to Omacor™ 1 g/day (DHA/EPA ratio 1.25:1.0), Omacor 2 g/day, or a placebo for 2 weeks. Platelet tests including aggregometry and flow cytometry and cartridge analyzer readings were performed at baseline and at 1 and 2 weeks following PO-3A therapy. Results: ADP-induced platelet aggregation...

  4. Pharmacogenomics of multigenic diseases: Sex-specific differences in disease and treatment outcome

    OpenAIRE

    Pinsonneault, Julia; Sadée, Wolfgang

    2003-01-01

    Numerous genetic variations have been shown to affect disease susceptibility and drug response. Pharmacogenomics aims at improving therapy on the basis of genetic information for each individual patient. Furthermore, sex chromosomes broadly determine biological differences between males and females. Consequently, substantial sex differences exist in phenotypic manifestation of disease and treatment response. This review discusses the role of sex in coronary artery disease, schizophrenia, and ...

  5. Gender difference of accuracy in detecting coronary artery disease by myocardial perfusion SPECT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Myocardial SPECT is an effective test for detecting coronary artery disease in the general population. But the diagnostic accuracy between sexes is not defined. The purpose of this study is to compare the diagnostic accuracy between males and females. One hundred and seventy seven male and 98 female patients who underwent myocardial SPECT within 1 month of coronary angiography were studied. Myocardial SPECTs were considered abnormal if fixed or reversible perfusion defects were detected. Stenosis severity of ≥ 50% luminal diameter reduction of any artery defined coronary artery disease (CAD). Overall sensitivity for detection of CAD was 98% in men and 97% in women (p=not significant). However, specificities, accuracies, and positive predictive values (PPV) in men and women were 49% vs 31% (p<0.05), 81% vs 57% (p<0.01), 78% vs 48% (p<0.01), respectively. Diagnostic accuracies for detection of right coronary artery disease were not different in both sexes, however, accuracies for detection of left anterior descending artery disease and left circumflex artery disease were significantly lower in female (p<0.05). A significant difference of diagnostic accuracy between sexes, especially n LAD and LCx disease, was noted. Artifacts from breast attenuation might be a cause for the lower diagnostic accuracy in female

  6. Scintigraphic anatomy of coronary artery disease in digital thallium-201 myocardial images

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One hundred and eight patients with single and multiple vessel coronary artery disease confirmed by arteriography were evaluated by exercise thallium-201 (201Tl) myocardial scintigraphy to determine the scintigraphic appearances of specific coronary stenoses. In general proximal stenoses caused more widespread, but not necessarily more severe, myocardial tracer deficit, than distal stenoses. In particular, proximal dominant right coronary artery disease was specifically associated with extensive inferior wall tracer deficit in the anterior scintigram, whereas proximal left circumflex disease caused similar tracer depletion best visualised in the left lateral scintigram. A triad of uptake defects was caused by left anterior descending coronary artery disease; one of these defects called 'diagonal window tracer deficit' was the most useful scintigraphic sign distinguishing proximal from distal disease in the left anterior descending coronary artery. Certain scintigraphic patterns of 201Tl myocardial accumulation appear invaluable in the noninvasive localisation of stenoses within specific coronary arteries and thus may be useful in predicting life-threatening coronary artery disease which should be confirmed by definitive coronary arteriography. The digital 201Tl myocardial scintigram also provides an independent functional guide to the interpretation of coronary arteriograms and may be helpful in the planning of aortocoronary bypass graft surgery. (author)

  7. Cardiovascular and Neonatal Outcomes in Pregnant Women With High-Risk Congenital Heart Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pillutla, Priya; Nguyen, Tina; Markovic, Daniela; Canobbio, Mary; Koos, Brian J; Aboulhosn, Jamil A

    2016-05-15

    Congenital heart disease (CHD) increases the risk of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. However, previous studies have included mainly women with low-risk features. A single-center, retrospective analysis of pregnant women with CHD was performed. Inclusion criteria were the following high-risk congenital lesions and co-morbidities: maternal cyanosis; New York Heart Association (NHYA) functional class >II; severe ventricular dysfunction; maternal arrhythmia, single ventricle (SV) physiology, severe left-sided heart obstruction and severe pulmonary arterial hypertension. Multivariate analyses for predictors of adverse maternal cardiovascular and neonatal outcomes were performed. Forty-three women reported 61 pregnancies. There were no maternal or neonatal deaths. Maternal cardiac (31%) and neonatal (54%) complications were frequent. The most frequent cardiac events were pulmonary edema, arrhythmia, and reduced NYHA class. Previous arrhythmia conferred a 12-fold increase in the odds of experiencing at least one major cardiac complication. Maternal SV physiology was an independent risk factor for low birth weight, risk of neonatal intensive care unit admission and lower gestational age. Maternal cyanosis and severe pulmonary arterial hypertension also predicted adverse neonatal outcomes. In conclusion, mothers without antepartum arrhythmia or functional incapacity are unlikely to experience arrhythmias or a decrease in NYHA class during pregnancy. In addition, SV physiology is a robust predictor of neonatal complications. Antepartum counseling and assessment of maternal fitness are crucial for the woman with CHD. PMID:27055756

  8. Efficacy and safety of sildenafil citrate in men with erectile dysfunction and stable coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeBusk, Robert F; Pepine, Carl J; Glasser, Dale B; Shpilsky, Arkady; DeRiesthal, Herb; Sweeney, Michael

    2004-01-15

    This was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, flexible-dose study of the efficacy and safety of sildenafil in men with erectile dysfunction (ED) and clinically stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Patients were randomized to receive sildenafil or placebo for 12 weeks. Primary outcomes were questions 3 and 4 of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF). Secondary outcomes included the other IIEF questions and functional domains, the Life Satisfaction Checklist, the Erectile Dysfunction Inventory of Treatment Satisfaction, 2 global efficacy assessment questions, and intercourse success rate. By week 12, sildenafil-treated patients (n = 70) showed significant improvements on questions 3 and 4 compared with placebo-treated patients (n = 72; p <0.01). Larger percentages of sildenafil-treated patients reported improved erections (64%) and improved intercourse (65%) compared with placebo-treated patients (21% and 19%, respectively). Sildenafil-treated patients were highly satisfied with treatment and their sexual life compared with placebo-treated patients. Forty-seven percent of sildenafil- and 32% of placebo-treated patients experienced adverse events, including transient headache, hypertension, flushing, and dyspepsia. There were no serious drug-related cardiovascular effects. Thus, sildenafil is an effective and well-tolerated treatment for ED in men with CAD. Sildenafil was not associated with additional safety risks in this patient population. PMID:14715338

  9. Can MR Measurement of Renal Artery Flow and Renal Volume Predict the Outcome of Percutaneous Transluminal Renal Angioplasty?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Predicting therapeutic benefit from percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) in patients with renal artery stenosis (RAS) remains difficult. This study investigates whether magnetic resonance (MR)-based renal artery flow measurements relative to renal parenchymal volume can predict clinical outcome following PTRA.Methods: The data on 23 patients (13 men, 10 women; age range 47-82 years, mean age 64 years) were analyzed. The indication for treatment was hypertension (n = 18) or renal insufficiency (n = 5). Thirty-four cases of RAS were identified: bilateral disease was manifest in 11 and unilateral disease in 12 patients. The MR imaging protocol included a breath-hold, cardiac-gated cine phase-contrast sequence for renal flow measurement and a fast multiplanar spoiled gradient-echo sequence for renal volume measurement. MR measurements were performed on the day prior to and the day following PTRA. Clinical success was defined as (a) a reduction in diastolic blood pressure > 15% or (b) a reduction in serum creatinine > 20%. Kidneys were categorized as normal volume or low volume. A renal flow index (RFI) was calculated by dividing the renal flow (ml/min) by the renal volume (cm3).Results: Clinical success was observed in 11 patients. Twelve patients did not benefit from angioplasty. Normal kidney volume was seen in 10 of 11 responders and in 8 of 12 nonresponders, resulting in a sensitivity of 91%, specificity of 33%, a positive predictive value (PPV) of 56% and a negative predictive value (NPV) of 80%. A RFI below a threshold of 1.5 ml/min/cm3 predicted successful outcome with 100% sensitivity, 33% specificity, 58% PPV, and 100% NPV. The combination of normal renal volume and a RFI below 1.5 ml/min/cm3 identified PTRA responders with a sensitivity of 91%, a specificity of 67%, a PPV of 71%, and a NPV of 89%. PTRA resulted in a greater increase in renal flow in responders compared with nonresponders (p < 0.001).Conclusion: A combination of cine

  10. Women and Coronary Artery Disease. Part I: Basic Considerations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed-Hesameddin Abbasi

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Women die of cardiovascular disorders even more than a combination of breast cancer, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and lung cancer. Recent data show that while 1 out of 2.6 women die of coronary artery disease (CAD, only 1 out of 4.6 die from cancer. Whereas some studies show an increase in the age-adjusted mortality of CAD in both women and men, some other studies report an increase in mortality amongst young women. There is a significant decrease in sudden cardiac death in men without significant change in women, and more women die of CAD before their arrival at the emergency room of hospitals than do men. It is, therefore, regrettable that many women and their physicians are not sufficiently aware of the problem and this unawareness is believed to be a major culprit for the existing gender disparities and inaction on the part of women as regards risk modification. What is more, the bulk of our knowledge, preventive measures, diagnostic strategies, and treatment plans are on the basis of studies conducted chiefly in men, when powerful evidence-based gender-specific recommendations call for efforts to enroll more women in order to reach a desirable level of sex representation.Given the significance of CAD assessment in women, it is essential that an acceptable risk score system be devised to estimate the risk of coronary events. The Framingham Risk Score, which has been used for this purpose for a long time, is no longer suitable for women and the Reynolds Risk Score seems to be a more appropriate tool.Finally, from a pathophysiological point of view, endothelial and microvascular dysfunctions are the most salient contributors to the development of CAD in women by comparison with men and they give rise to non-obstructive CAD. Lamentably, most of the relevant studies conducted hitherto have focused predominantly on men; any attempt to redress the balance would be of great value in the endeavors to decrease the risk in women.

  11. Stenting for symptomatic vertebral artery stenosis associated with bilateral carotid rate mirabile: The long-term clinical and angiographic outcome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baek, Jang Hyun; Kim, Byung Moon [Dept. of Radiology, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-06-15

    Symptomatic vertebral artery (VA) stenosis associated with bilateral carotid rate mirabile (CRM) has not been reported. We report the long-term clinical and angiographic outcome after stenting for symptomatic VA stenosis in the patient with bilateral CRM. This report is the first case that symptomatic VA stenosis associated with bilateral CRM was treated with stenting.

  12. Optimizing 64-slice spiral CT angiography in lower extremity arterial disease with individualized injection protocol

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To explore the optimal protocol of the 64-slice spiral CT angiography (CTA) in lower extremity arterial disease. Methods: Forty -eight patients with clinically suspected lower extremity arterial disease underwent GE LightSpeed VCT using individual and traditional injection protocols. The clinical value of CTA was evaluated using DSA as the standard reference. Results: Satisfactory images were obtained from 47 of 48 cases. Images fulfilling clinical diagnostic requirements after appropriate post -procession on workstation were obtained from 1 case. The image quality of the group with the individualized injection protocol was significantly superior to that of the group with the traditional image protocol. The sensitivity and specificity of CTA in detecting middle-grade and severe arterial stenosis were 86.1% and 86.6%, respectively. Conclusion: 64-slice spiral CT angiography is a reliable method for evaluating the lower extremity arterial disease, and is a more ideal method if using individualized injection protocol. (authors)

  13. Serum YKL-40 independently predicts outcome after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization of hepatocellular carcinoma.

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    Cheng-Bao Zhu

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE is the most widely used treatment option for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC. Elevated serum YKL-40 level has been shown to predict poor prognosis in HCC patients undergoing resection. This study was designed to validate the prognostic significance of serum YKL-40 in patients with HCC undergoing TACE treatment. METHODS: Serum YKL-40 level was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Overall survival (OS was evaluated with the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log-rank test. Multivariate study with Cox proportional hazard model was used to evaluate independent prognostic variables of OS. RESULTS: The median pretreatment serum YKL-40 in HCC patients with was significantly higher than that in healthy controls (P<0.001. The YKL-40 could predict survival precisely either in a dichotomized or continuous fashion (P<0.001 and P = 0.001, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that serum YKL-40 was an independent prognostic factor for OS in HCC patients (P = 0.001. In further stratified analyses, YKL-40 could discriminate the outcomes of patients with low and high alpha-fetoprotein (AFP level (P = 0.006 and 0.016, respectively. Furthermore, the combination of serum YKL-40 and AFP had more capacity to predict patients' outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Serum YKL-40 was demonstrated to be an independent prognostic biomarker in HCC patients treated with TACE. Our results need confirmation in an independent study.

  14. Gender and Diabetes Mellitus Relevance on Outcomes of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting. A Retrospective Study

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    Sergiu C. BATÂR

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: For the group of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD, referred to coronary artery bypass surgery, we sought to asses the relevance of gender and presence of Diabetes Mellitus upon survival rates, within the first 3 years after surgery. Methods: At “Nicolae Stancioiu” Heart Institute, a number of 110 patients were followed up from September 2003 to February 2008, for the following events: ischemia, restenosis, atrial fibrillation, ventricular arrhythmias, heart failure, other events and complications. Ages, gender, presence of Diabetes Mellitus were noted. For the diabetic/non-diabetic (45 diabetic, 65 non-diabetic groups and male/female groups (27 female, 83 male, we applied in the SPSS program the Logrank and Wilcoxon tests, for quantifying the differences in the survival rates between the groups. Results: No significant differences were found in the survival rates between the groups (diabetic/non-diabetic Logrank test, p=0.71, Wilcoxon test, p=0.86; female/male Logrank test, p=0.7, Wilcoxon test, p=0.95. Also for the subgroup of patients which had in-graft restenosis (46 patients no significant differences were found between the diabetic/non-diabetic (Logrank test, p=0.36 and gender groups (Logrank test, p=0.4. Mean age for the whole group is 59.2 (61.9 for female and 58.3 for male. Conclusion: Diabetes Mellitus or sex is not significant factors for lower survival rates, in the first 3 years after coronary artery bypass.

  15. Arterial pulse wave velocity, inflammatory markers, pathological GH and IGF states, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael R Graham

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Michael R Graham1, Peter Evans2, Bruce Davies1, Julien S Baker11Health and Exercise Science Research Unit, Faculty of Health Sport and Science, University of Glamorgan, Pontypridd, Wales, United Kingdom; 2Royal Gwent Hospital, Newport, Gwent, United KingdomAbstract: Blood pressure (BP measurements provide information regarding risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease, but only in a specific artery. Arterial stiffness (AS can be determined by measurement of arterial pulse wave velocity (APWV. Separate from any role as a surrogate marker, AS is an important determinant of pulse pressure, left ventricular function and coronary artery perfusion pressure. Proximal elastic arteries and peripheral muscular arteries respond differently to aging and to medication. Endogenous human growth hormone (hGH, secreted by the anterior pituitary, peaks during early adulthood, declining at 14% per decade. Levels of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I are at their peak during late adolescence and decline throughout adulthood, mirror imaging GH. Arterial endothelial dysfunction, an accepted cause of increased APWV in GH deficiency (GHD is reversed by recombinant human (rh GH therapy, favorably influencing the risk for atherogenesis. APWV is a noninvasive method for measuring atherosclerotic and hypertensive vascular changes increases with age and atherosclerosis leading to increased systolic blood pressure and increased left ventricular hypertrophy. Aerobic exercise training increases arterial compliance and reduces systolic blood pressure. Whole body arterial compliance is lowered in strength-trained individuals. Homocysteine and C-reactive protein are two infl ammatory markers directly linked with arterial endothelial dysfunction. Reviews of GH in the somatopause have not been favorable and side effects of treatment have marred its use except in classical GHD. Is it possible that we should be assessing the combined effects of therapy with rhGH and rh

  16. Pulmonary arterial remodeling in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is lobe dependent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wrobel, Jeremy P; McLean, Catriona A; Thompson, Bruce R; Stuart-Andrews, Christopher R; Paul, Eldho; Snell, Gregory I; Williams, Trevor J

    2013-09-01

    Abstract Pulmonary arterial remodeling has been demonstrated in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but it is not known whether lobar heterogeneity of remodeling occurs. Furthermore, the relationship between pulmonary hypertension (PH) and pulmonary arterial remodeling in COPD has not been established. Muscular pulmonary arterial remodeling in arteries 0.10-0.25 mm in diameter was assessed in COPD-explanted lungs and autopsy controls. Remodeling was quantified as the percentage wall thickness to vessel diameter (%WT) using digital image analysis. Repeat measures mixed-effects remodeling for %WT was performed according to lobar origin (upper and lower), muscular pulmonary arterial size (small, medium, and large), and echocardiography-based pulmonary arterial pressure (no PH, mild PH, and moderate-to-severe PH). Lobar perfusion and emphysema indices were determined from ventilation-perfusion and computed tomography scans, respectively. Overall, %WT was greater in 42 subjects with COPD than in 5 control subjects ([Formula: see text]). Within the COPD group, %WT was greater in the upper lobes ([Formula: see text]) and in the small muscular pulmonary arteries ([Formula: see text]). Lobar differences were most pronounced in medium and large arteries. Lobar emphysema index was not associated with arterial remodeling. However, there was a significant positive relationship between the lobar perfusion index and pulmonary arterial remodeling ([Formula: see text]). The presence of PH on echocardiography showed only a trend to a small effect on lower lobe remodeling. The pattern of pulmonary arterial remodeling in COPD is complicated and lobe dependent. Differences in regional blood flow partially account for the lobar heterogeneity of pulmonary arterial remodeling in COPD. PMID:24618551

  17. Relationships between use of statins and arterial stiffness in normotensive and hypertensive patients with coronary artery disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Zhi-guang; CHEN Bing-wei; L(U) Na-qiang; CHENG Yan-mei; DANG Ai-min

    2013-01-01

    Background Statins improve arterial stiffness in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).Hypertension is a predominant contributor of arterial stiffening.However,the influence of hypertension on the effect of statins for improving arterial stiffness in CAD patients has seldom been investigated.Therefore,in this study,we investigated the relationships between statin use and arterial stiffness in normotensive and hypertensive CAD patients.Methods Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (ba-PWV) was measured in 437 patients,including 220 hypertensive CAD patients (121 used statins,99 did not) and 217 normotensive CAD patients (105 used statins,112 did not).The normotensive and hypertensive CAD patients were matched according to age,sex,and body mass index (BMI).Results In the normotensive and hypertensive CAD patients,lipid profiles were significantly improved in the statin group compared with the non-statin group.No significant differences in the administered statins (i.e.,atorvastatin,simvastatin,rosuvastatin,and pravastatin) and statin therapy duration were found between normotensive and hypertensive CAD patients (all P>0.05).No significant correlation of ba-PWV and statin therapy duration was found in all CAD patients,normotensive CAD patients,or hypertensive CAD patients (all P>0.05).ba-PWV in the statin group was significantly lower than that in the non-statin group in normotensive CAD patients ((1331.68±167.52) cm/s vs.(1468.61±244.54) cm/s,P=0.002) but not in hypertensive CAD patients (P>0.05).In multiple linear regression analyses,statin therapy was significantly associated with ba-PWV after adjusting for confounding variables in normotensive CAD patients (P=0.018) but not in hypertensive CAD patients (P>0.05).Conclusions Statins may significantly improve arterial stiffness in CAD patients,and hypertension may probably influence the effectiveness of statin therapy in improving arterial stiffness in this population.Further studies are required to

  18. Peripheral artery disease is a coronary heart disease risk equivalent among both men and women

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Subherwal, Sumeet; Patel, Manesh R; Kober, Lars;

    2015-01-01

    AIMS: Lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) has been proposed as a 'coronary heart disease (CHD) risk equivalent'. We aimed to examine whether PAD confers similar risk for mortality as incident myocardial infarction (MI) and whether risk differs by gender. METHODS: Using nationwide Danish.......62-1.80, respectively), and composite of death, MI, and ischaemic stroke, 95% CI HR, 1.38, 95% CI 1.36-1.42; and HR 1.68, 95% CI 1.61-1.75, respectively). The greater long-term risks of PAD were seen for both women and men. CONCLUSIONS: Both women and men with incident PAD have greater long-term risks of total and...

  19. Risk indicators in coronary cardiac disease and occlusive disease of the peripheral arteries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 160 patients with clinically confirmed coronary heart diseases, angiograms of the coronary vessels, the left ventricle, the abdominal aorta, the pelvic and femoral arteries and the supra-aortic vessels were taken. At the same time the incidence of the risk indicators overweight, hypercholesterinaemia, hypertriglyceridaemia, hyperuricaemia, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and cigarette smoking was established and compared with the angiograms. Hypercholesterinaemia, hypertriglyceridaemia, diabetes mellitus and hypertension are found to be in a clearly positive correlation with the frequency and severity of coronary and peripheral vascular diseases. For hyperuricaemia and overweight a relation to the frequency and severity of peripheral but not coronary vascular stenoses is outlined. Cigarette smoking, again, proves to be a clear risk indicator. (orig./MG)

  20. Relationship of dental diseases with coronary artery diseases and diabetes in Bangladesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudhury, Arup Ratan; Choudhury, Kamrun Nahar

    2016-01-01

    Background Evidence suggests that dental diseases might have a role in the development and progression of coronary artery diseases (CAD) and diabetes mellitus (DM). The objective of this study was to determine the relationship of dental diseases with CAD and DM in Bangladesh. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study among 216 consecutive patients admitted in a tertiary hospital between March and July 2011. Data were collected on socio-demographic status, smoking, blood pressure (BP), diet, physical activities, and biochemical measurements of lipid profile, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, creatinine kinase MB (CK-MB), troponin, serum creatinine and serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT). CAD was detected using echocardiographic and coronary angiogram (CAG) reports. All patients underwent oral examination for dental disease. Relationship between dental disease with CAD and DM were explored statistically. Results The mean age of the participants was 57.8±12.5 years and almost two-thirds (67.1%) were male. A great majority of the patients had CAD (90.3%) and type 2 DM (83.8%), and only 44% suffered from dental diseases. Less than one-third patients presented with acute myocardial infarction (MI), 23% with old MI, 11% unstable angina (UA) and 26.4% with non-ST elevation MI. Logistic regression results indicated that patients with DM and CAD had approximately 2.6 and 4.6 times more odds of association with dental diseases than those without DM and CAD (both P value dental diseases with CAD and DM among Bangladeshi patients. Further studies are required to confirm these relationships in large clinical studies. Screening for CAD and DM should be considered among those with dental diseases and vice-versa. PMID:27054102

  1. Influential factors of clinical outcome of local intra-arterial thrombolysis using urokinase in patients with hyperacute ischemic stroke

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the clinical outcome and other relevant factors in cases where local intra-arterial thrombolysis (LIT) is used for the treatment of hyperacute ischemic stroke. Forty-eight hyperacute ischemic stroke patients were treated by LIT, using urokinase, within six hours of ictus, and for evaluation of their neurological status, the national institutes of health stroke scale (NIHSS) score was used. Angiography recanalization was classified according to Mori recanalization grades. Three months after LIT, the outcome was assessed by clinical examination using the modified rankin scale (good outcome: RS=0-3; poor outcome: RS=4-6). In all patients, the findings of pre- and post- LIT CT, and angiography, as well as neurological status and hemorrhagic complications, were also analysed. Thirty-three patients had occlusions of the middle cerebral artery (MCA), and 15, of the internal carotid artery (ICA). The NIHSS score averaged 16.9 at the onset of therapy and 13.5 at 24 hours later. Successful recanalization (Mori grade 3,4) was achieved in 28 (58.3%) of 48 patients, but in 20 (41.7%) the attempt failed. Twenty-two (45.8%) of the 48 patients had a good outcome, but in (54.2%) the outcome was poor. Thirteen (40.6%) of 32 patients with MCA occlusions and 13 (81.2%) of 16 with ICA occlusions had a poor outcome. Eight patients (16.7%) died. Overall, hemorrhages occured in 20 (41.7%) of 48 patients, with symptomatic hemorrhage in ten. Five (50%) of these ten died. LIT using urokinase for hyperacute ischemic stroke is feasible; patients with MCA occlusions had better outcomes than those with ICA occlusions. Hemorrhagic complications of LIT were frequent, and in cases of symptomatic hemorrhage a fatal outcome may be expected

  2. Influential factors of clinical outcome of local intra-arterial thrombolysis using urokinase in patients with hyperacute ischemic stroke

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song, Jae Min; Yoon, Woong; Kim, Jae Kyu; Seo, Jeong Jin; Heo, Sook Hee; Park, Jin Gyoon; Jeong, Yoon Yeon; Kang, Heoung Keun [Chonam University Hospital, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-10-01

    To evaluate the clinical outcome and other relevant factors in cases where local intra-arterial thrombolysis (LIT) is used for the treatment of hyperacute ischemic stroke. Forty-eight hyperacute ischemic stroke patients were treated by LIT, using urokinase, within six hours of ictus, and for evaluation of their neurological status, the national institutes of health stroke scale (NIHSS) score was used. Angiography recanalization was classified according to Mori recanalization grades. Three months after LIT, the outcome was assessed by clinical examination using the modified rankin scale (good outcome: RS=0-3; poor outcome: RS=4-6). In all patients, the findings of pre- and post- LIT CT, and angiography, as well as neurological status and hemorrhagic complications, were also analysed. Thirty-three patients had occlusions of the middle cerebral artery (MCA), and 15, of the internal carotid artery (ICA). The NIHSS score averaged 16.9 at the onset of therapy and 13.5 at 24 hours later. Successful recanalization (Mori grade 3,4) was achieved in 28 (58.3%) of 48 patients, but in 20 (41.7%) the attempt failed. Twenty-two (45.8%) of the 48 patients had a good outcome, but in (54.2%) the outcome was poor. Thirteen (40.6%) of 32 patients with MCA occlusions and 13 (81.2%) of 16 with ICA occlusions had a poor outcome. Eight patients (16.7%) died. Overall, hemorrhages occured in 20 (41.7%) of 48 patients, with symptomatic hemorrhage in ten. Five (50%) of these ten died. LIT using urokinase for hyperacute ischemic stroke is feasible; patients with MCA occlusions had better outcomes than those with ICA occlusions. Hemorrhagic complications of LIT were frequent, and in cases of symptomatic hemorrhage a fatal outcome may be expected.

  3. Chest pain, panic disorder and coronary artery disease: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soares-Filho, Gastão L F; Arias-Carrión, Oscar; Santulli, Gaetano; Silva, Adriana C; Machado, Sergio; Valenca, Alexandre M; Nardi, Antonio E

    2014-01-01

    Chest pain may be due benign diseases but often suggests an association with coronary artery disease, which justifies a quick search for medical care. However, some people have anxiety disorder with symptoms that resemble clearly an acute coronary syndrome. More specifically, during a panic attack an abrupt feeling of fear accompanied by symptoms such as breathlessness, palpitations and chest pain, makes patients believe they have a heart attack and confuse physicians about the diagnosis. The association between panic disorder and coronary artery disease has been extensively studied in recent years and, although some studies have shown anxiety disorders coexisting or increasing the risk of heart disease, one causal hypothesis is still missing. The aim of this systematic review is to present the various ways in which the scientific community has been investigating the relation between chest pain, panic disorder and coronary artery disease. PMID:24923348

  4. The RANKL: Osteoprotegerin (OPG ratio as a new biomarker for coronary artery disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamal Shamsara

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available "nNasolacrimal There is a strong need for biomarkers to identify patients at risk for future cardiovascular events related with progressive atherosclerotic disease. Ideally, increasing knowledge of the mechanisms of atherosclerotic plaque destabilization should be translated in clinical practice. Systemic approaches are pursued to discover serum biomarkers that are applicable to define patients at risk for future cardiovascular events. Elevation in inflammatory markers, such as C-reactive protein, predicts outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndromes. Osteoprotegerin (OPG protects the skeleton from excessive bone resorption by binding to receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL and preventing it from binding to its receptor, receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB. Emerging evidence from in vitro studies, mouse genetics and clinical studies attributed to OPG an important role in vascular biology. But conflicting results have been obtained about association of serum level of OPG or RANKL with coronary artery disease (CAD. Based on their role in inflammation and matrix degradation and the fact that atherosclerotic plaque formation is an inflammatory process; we hypothesized that RANKL:OPG ratio could be a better biomarker for CAD.

  5. EVALUATION OF PREGNANCY OUTCOME IN HEART DISEASE COMPLICATING PREGNANCY

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    Mahalakshmi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES To evaluate the maternal and foetal outcome in pregnancies complicated by heart disease. METHODS A retrospective evaluation of 62 pregnant cardiac patients, who were managed in a tertiary care centre over a period of one year (January 2015 to December 2015, regarding the incidence, aetiology of cardiac disease, obstetric and cardiac complications, maternal and foetal outcome. RESULTS The incidence of heart disease in pregnancy in the present study is 0.9%. Rheumatic heart disease (Mitral stenosis is still the predominant cause (44 cases, 71% of heart disease in pregnancy followed by congenital heart disease (11 cases, 17.7%. In miscellaneous group, peripartum cardiomyopathy (9 cases, 14.5% is the leading cause. Maternal and foetal outcome was poor in NYHA functional class III and IV. Most of the women delivered vaginally (33 cases, 51.6%, spontaneous in onset and at term gestation. However, 12 cases (37.5% delivered prematurely; 30.7% of cases had cardiac complications during the present study. Maternal mortality was high (11.3%. There were 7 cases of maternal death. All of these patients were in NYHA class III and IV, unbooked, presenting for the first time and with the complications. CONCLUSION The study concludes pregnancy in women with heart disease not only poses a risk of maternal mortality and also morbidity due to heart failure, stroke and cardiac arrhythmias and foetus is also affected with prematurity, Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR and risk of perinatal mortality.

  6. Chronic radiation disease. Consequences and outcomes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chronic Radiation Disease (CRD), induced by chronic external gamma-irradiation in cumulative dose 1.0-10.0 Gy ever a period of employment from 7 months to 7 years was described for the atomic enterprise workers during adjustment of that enterprise (1948-54). Key clinical syndromes of CRD were cytopenia in the peripheral blood (decrease of a number of thrombocytes, leukocytes, neutrophils to 50-60% from an initial level), changes in the nervous system (vegetative-vascular dysfunction of the hypotonic type, asthenic syndrome and at a cumulative dose more than 4.0 Gy - demyelinatied encephalomyelosis). The annual medical examination allowed assessing consequences of CRD for long-term period of monitoring (35-40 years) of 632 workers. By 10-15 years after termination of an exposure the characteristics of the peripheral blood are reverted to initial level (before employment at enterprise). However even by 40th year of observation in a part of cases the moderate hypoplasia of bone marrow (7.3%) and partial hypoplasia granulocytopoiesis (4.3%) is diagnosed. In lymphocytes of the peripheral blood the frequency of chromosome aberrations 4-5 times greater than a spontaneous level. Decrease of parameters of T-cell immunity remains. In cases of high exposure doses (cumulative dose more than 3.5-4.0 Gy) the early cerebral atherosclerosis (not older than 45) was diagnosed. By 40th year of monitoring the radiation cataracts were not detected. During the first decade of monitoring prevailing causes of death were an acute myeloid leukemia, during subsequent 30 years of monitoring - lung cancer was prevailing causes of death for worker who had contact with plutonium 239. (author)

  7. Use of bioresorbable vascular scaffold: a meta-analysis of patients with coronary artery disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farag, Mohamed; Spinthakis, Nikolaos; Gorog, Diana A; Prasad, Abhiram; Sullivan, Keith; Akhtar, Zaki; Kukreja, Neville; Srinivasan, Manivannan

    2016-01-01

    Background Differences in outcomes between bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) systems and drug-eluting metal stents (DES) have not been fully evaluated. We aimed to compare clinical and angiographic outcomes in randomised studies of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), with a secondary analysis performed among registry studies. Methods A meta-analysis comparing outcomes between BVS and DES in patients with CAD. Overall estimates of treatment effect were calculated with random-effects model and fixed-effects model. Results In 6 randomised trials (3818 patients), BVS increased the risk of subacute stent thrombosis (ST) over and above DES (OR 2.14; CI 1.01 to 4.53; p=0.05), with a trend towards an increase in the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) (125 events in those assigned to BVS and 50 to DES; OR 1.36; CI 0.97 to 1.91; p=0.07). The risk of in-device late lumen loss (LLL) was higher with BVS than DES (mean difference 0.08 mm; CI 0.03 to 0.13; p=0.004). There was no difference in the risk of death or target vessel revascularisation (TVR) between the two devices. In 6 registry studies (1845 patients), there was no difference in the risk of death, MI, TVR or subacute ST between the two stents. Final BVS dilation pressures were higher in registry than in randomised studies (18.7±4.6 vs 15.2±3.3 atm; p<0.001). Conclusions Patients treated with BVS had an increased risk of subacute ST and slightly higher LLL compared with those with DES, but this might be related to inadequate implantation techniques, in particular device underexpansion.

  8. Value of Resistive lndex of the lntrascrotal Artery in ScrotaI Inflammatory Disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jee, Won Hee; Yoon, Yeo Dong; Hwang, Sung Su; Choi, Byung Gil; Son, Kyung Myung; Lee, Sung Yong; Kim, Ki Tae; Shinn, Kyung Sub [Catholic University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-12-15

    This prospective study was designed to investigate the utility of resistive indices(RIs) of intratesticular and epididymal arteries in inflammatory scrotal disease. Gray-scale and color Doppler ultrasonographic images were obtained in 19 consecutive patients of scrotal inflammatory disease from Nov.1993 to Oct. 1994. Eleven cases of epididymitis and 11 of epididymoorchitis(EO) were included. RIs of epididymal and centripetal arteries were calculated in 19 patients and 30 cases of control. All EO and epididymitis cases showed increased color signal at color Doppler ultrasonogram at representative sites. Mean RI of centripetal artery was 0.46{+-}0.06 in EO and 0.66{+-}0.07 in normal control, hence RI in EO was significantly lower than that of normal control(P<0.001). The diagnostic sensitivity was 91% when the value of 0.5 or less is estimated abnormal.Mean RI of centripetal artery was 0.67{+-}0.07 in epididymitis, and was not significantly different from that of normal control(P=0.687). Mean RI of epididymal artery in epididymitis and EO was 0.48{+-}0.12 and resistive index of all patients were below 0.7. Color Doppler can demonstrate the hyperemic response to scrotal inflammatory disease that it can supplement the gray scale finding leading to increased diagnostic confidence. RI of centripetal artery may be confirmative in the diagnosis of inflammatory scrotal inflammatory scrotal diseases when increased color flow on color flow imaging is present

  9. Outcome of Retinoblastoma Following Limited Sessions of Intra-Arterial Chemotherapy in Iran

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The management of retinoblastoma remains a challenge to the multidisciplinary team, particularly as treatment affects not only visual outcomes, but also ocular retention and morbidity. Management of retinoblastoma has evolved over the past two decades. To report the result of intra-ophthalmic artery chemotherapy (IAC) for the treatment of refractory and advanced retinoblastoma tumors. All patients who had failed to respond adequately to previous treatments and six naive patients with advanced retinoblastoma, receiving IAC between 2009 and 2012, were included in this institutional interventional case series. The patients received 1-2 treatments of IAC given 4-8 weeks apart. Complete response was defined as regressed tumor and complete disappearance of seeding clinically and partial response was defined as partial regression of the tumor with live parts of the tumor and/or lessening of seeds, but not complete disappearance of them clinically. A total of 24 eyes of 24 patients were treated with IAC during the study period. The mean age at the time of IAC was 38.9 months (14-120 months), and the mean follow-up was 16.8 months (3-36 months) after IAC. Tumor control was achieved in 14 eyes (58.3%). Type 3 (combined fleshy and calcified remnants) was the most common type of regression (37.5%). Complications included vitreous hemorrhage in nine eyes (37.5%), arterial occlusion in two (8.3%), cyclitic membrane possibly secondary to ischemia and tractional retinal detachment in one patient (4.2%), chorioretinal atrophy in three (12.5%) patients, and neovascular glaucoma in one eye (4.2%). In eight (33.3%) patients, no complication happened. Globe salvage was achieved in 62.5% of the cases. The success rate for naive patients was 84%. Sixty-seven percent of the cases received transpupillary thermotherapy and cryotherapy before IAC. Intra-ophthalmic artery melphalan is an effective treatment for advanced cases of retinoblastoma, with a reasonable level of success. In the short

  10. Prevalence of coronary artery disease evaluated by coronary CT angiography in women with mammographically detected breast arterial calcifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mostafavi, Leila; Marfori, Wanda; Arellano, Cesar; Tognolini, Alessia; Speier, William; Adibi, Ali; Ruehm, Stefan G

    2015-01-01

    To assess the correlation between breast arterial calcifications (BAC) on digital mammography and the extent of coronary artery disease (CAD) diagnosed with dual source coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) in a population of women both symptomatic and asymptomatic for coronary artery disease. 100 consecutive women (aged 34 - 86 years) who underwent both coronary CTA and digital mammography were included in the study. Health records were reviewed to determine the presence of cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, and smoking. Digital mammograms were reviewed for the presence and degree of BAC, graded in terms of severity and extent. Coronary CTAs were reviewed for CAD, graded based on the extent of calcified and non-calcified plaque, and the degree of major vessel stenosis. A four point grading scale was used for both coronary CTA and mammography. The overall prevalence of positive BAC and CAD in the studied population were 12% and 29%, respectively. Ten of the 12 patients with moderate or advanced BAC on mammography demonstrated moderate to severe CAD as determined by coronary CTA. For all women, the positive predictive value of BAC for CAD was 0.83 and the negative predictive value was 0.78. The presence of BAC on mammography appears to correlate with CAD as determined by coronary CTA (Spearman's rank correlation coefficient = 0.48, pfeature in CAD predication significantly increased classification results (p=0.04). PMID:25856075

  11. ACUTE PHASE REACTANCTS IN PERICARDIAL FLUID ARE INDICATORS OF CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yılmaz Mehmet Ali

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Inflammation in formation of atherosclerosis, and acute phase reactants in the site of inflammation have major functions. Thus, do the acute phase reactants constitute the biggest risk factor for coronary artery disease? 55 patients are included in the study. Patients with coronary artery bypass surgery are included in Group I (38 patients and patients with valve operation are included in Group II (17 patients. CABG patients are further divided into two sub-groups as on-pump and off-pump. In both groups, homocystein, high sensitivity C reactive protein, ceruloplasmin, lipoprotein A and serum amyloid A protein levels are analyzed from blood and pericardial fluid. In patients with coronary artery disease, the measured high specific C- reactive protein levels from blood and pericardial fluid are found to be significantly high compared to patients with valve operation.Homocystein levels of pericardial fluids of patients with CABG are found to be higher than patients with valve operation and it is confirmed that the situation is correlated with blood homocystein levels. Although there are lots studies expressing the relation between coronary artery disease and lipoprotein A, ceruloplasmin and serum amyloid A protein levels; no significant difference for those parameters was obtained in our study. We determined that other phase reactants are higher in patients with coronary artery disease, in accordance with the literature. We aimed to state that acute phase reactants not only increase as a result of disease, but their levels are also elevated beforehand, as an indicator of the disease.

  12. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus among obese and non-obese patients with coronary artery disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Globally, obesity is now recognised as an epidemic. The degree of obesity is proportional to the rate of development of cardiovascular diseases, hence, resulting in a dramatic increase in morbidity and mortality. Apart from obesity, diabetes mellitus is another well recognised risk factor contributing to coronary artery disease. The precise prevalence of obesity-related diabetes varies with age, race and gender; and is yet unknown in our population. We therefore, carried out study with the aim to determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in obese and non-obese patients with diagnosed coronary artery disease. Methods: This hospital based cross-sectional comparative study was conducted in Cardiology Department of Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, from March 15, 2005 to May 30, 2006. A total of 200 patients with diagnosed coronary artery disease were enrolled, 100 were classified as obese and 100 as non-obese. Results: Among these, 139 patients were male and 61 female. A total of 88 were found to be diabetic, 54 of these were obese and 34 non-obese (p =0.004). Conclusion: Diabetes mellitus was significantly more frequent among obese patients with coronary artery disease as compared to non obese patients with coronary artery disease. (author)

  13. Autoimmune diseases in pregnancy: maternal and fetal outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Pavithra M. Vengetesh; Shripad Hebbar; Lavanya Rai

    2015-01-01

    Background: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of autoimmune connective tissue disorders on the outcomes of pregnancy and the influence of treatment on pregnancy. Methods: Thirty-seven antenatal patients with autoimmune connective tissue diseases, comprising of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), primary antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS), Mixed Connective Tissue Diseases (MCTD), ankylosing spondylitis and Takayasu arteritis were analysed. Results: Multigravidas con...

  14. Cardiac rehabilitation may not provided a quality of life benefit in coronary artery disease patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tavella Rosanna

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Improvements in patient-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL are important goals of cardiac rehabilitation (CR. In patients undergoing coronary angiography for angina and with documented coronary artery disease (CAD, the present study compared HRQoL over 6 months in CR participants and non-participants. Clinical predictors of CR participants were also assessed. Methods A total of 221 consecutive patients undergoing angiography for angina with documented CAD and who were eligible for a CR program were recruited. CR participants were enrolled in a six-week Phase II outpatient CR course (31%, n = 68 within 2 months following angiography and the non-participants were included as a control. At baseline (angiography, one and six months post angiography, clinical and HRQoL data were obtained including the Short Form-36 (SF-36 and the Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ. The response rate for the HRQoL assessment was 68% (n = 150. Cross sectional comparisons were age-adjusted and performed using logistic or linear regression as appropriate. Longitudinal changes in HRQoL were assessed using least squares regression. Finally, a multiple logistic regression was fitted with CR participant as the final outcome. Results At angiography, the CR non-participants were older, and age-adjusted analyses revealed poorer physical (angina limitation: 54 ± 25 versus 64 ± 22, p Conclusion Following angiography, CAD patients reported improvements in both generic and disease-specific HRQoL, however CR participation did not influence this outcome. This may be explained by biases in CR enrollment, whereby acute patients, who may be less limited in HRQoL compared to stable, chronic patients, are targeted for CR participation. Further investigation is required so CR programs maximize the quality of life benefits to all potential CR patients.

  15. Diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease amplify accumulation of tissue advanced glycation end products in patients with peripheral artery disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lefrandt, J.D.; De Vos, L.C.; Mulder, D.J.; Dullaart, R.P.F.; Lutgers, H.L.; Lambers Heerspink, H.J.; Smit, A.J.; Kamphuisen, P.W.; Zeebregts, C.J.

    2013-01-01

    Backgrounds and aims: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are important risk factors for peripheral artery disease (PAD) and associated with a severely increased cardiovascular (CV) risk in these patients. DM increases production of AGEs and CKD decreases their clearance, while c

  16. Increased arterial inflammation in individuals with stage 3 chronic kidney disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takx, Richard A.P. [Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Boston, MA (United States); University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Radiology, Utrecht (Netherlands); MacNabb, Megan H.; Emami, Hamed; Abdelbaky, Amr; Lavender, Zachary R. [Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Boston, MA (United States); Singh, Parmanand [Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Boston, MA (United States); New York Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medical College, Division of Cardiology, New York, NY (United States); Di Carli, Marcelo; Taqueti, Viviany; Foster, Courtney [Brigham and Women' s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Division of Radiology, Department of Medicine, Boston, MA (United States); Mann, Jessica; Comley, Robert A.; Weber, Chek Ing Kiu [F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Basel (Switzerland); Tawakol, Ahmed [Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Boston, MA (United States); Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Cardiology Division, Boston, MA (United States); Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States)

    2016-02-15

    While it is well known that patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk for the development and progression of atherosclerosis, it is not known whether arterial inflammation is increased in mild CKD. The aim of this study was to compare arterial inflammation using {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT in patients with CKD and in matched controls. This retrospective study included 128 patients undergoing FDG PET/CT imaging for clinical indications, comprising 64 patients with stage 3 CKD and 64 control patients matched by age, gender, and cancer history. CKD was defined according to guidelines using a calculated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Arterial inflammation was measured in the ascending aorta as FDG uptake on PET. Background FDG uptake (venous, subcutaneous fat and muscle) were recorded. Coronary artery calcification (CAC) was assessed using the CT images. The impact of CKD on arterial inflammation and CAC was then assessed. Arterial inflammation was higher in patients with CKD than in matched controls (standardized uptake value, SUV: 2.41 ± 0.49 vs. 2.16 ± 0.43; p = 0.002). Arterial SUV correlated inversely with eGFR (r = -0.299, p = 0.001). Venous SUV was also significantly elevated in patients with CKD, while subcutaneous fat and muscle tissue SUVs did not differ between groups. Moreover, arterial SUV remained significantly elevated in patients with CKD compared to controls after correcting for muscle and fat background, and also remained significant after adjusting for clinical risk factors. Further, CKD was associated with arterial inflammation (SUV) independent of the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis (CAC). Moderate CKD is associated with increased arterial inflammation beyond that of controls. Further, the increased arterial inflammation is independent of presence of subclinical atherosclerosis. Current risk stratification tools may underestimate the presence of atherosclerosis in patients with CKD and thereby the risk of

  17. Increased arterial inflammation in individuals with stage 3 chronic kidney disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    While it is well known that patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk for the development and progression of atherosclerosis, it is not known whether arterial inflammation is increased in mild CKD. The aim of this study was to compare arterial inflammation using 18F-FDG PET/CT in patients with CKD and in matched controls. This retrospective study included 128 patients undergoing FDG PET/CT imaging for clinical indications, comprising 64 patients with stage 3 CKD and 64 control patients matched by age, gender, and cancer history. CKD was defined according to guidelines using a calculated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Arterial inflammation was measured in the ascending aorta as FDG uptake on PET. Background FDG uptake (venous, subcutaneous fat and muscle) were recorded. Coronary artery calcification (CAC) was assessed using the CT images. The impact of CKD on arterial inflammation and CAC was then assessed. Arterial inflammation was higher in patients with CKD than in matched controls (standardized uptake value, SUV: 2.41 ± 0.49 vs. 2.16 ± 0.43; p = 0.002). Arterial SUV correlated inversely with eGFR (r = -0.299, p = 0.001). Venous SUV was also significantly elevated in patients with CKD, while subcutaneous fat and muscle tissue SUVs did not differ between groups. Moreover, arterial SUV remained significantly elevated in patients with CKD compared to controls after correcting for muscle and fat background, and also remained significant after adjusting for clinical risk factors. Further, CKD was associated with arterial inflammation (SUV) independent of the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis (CAC). Moderate CKD is associated with increased arterial inflammation beyond that of controls. Further, the increased arterial inflammation is independent of presence of subclinical atherosclerosis. Current risk stratification tools may underestimate the presence of atherosclerosis in patients with CKD and thereby the risk of cardiovascular

  18. Homeopathic treatment of two patients with coronary artery disease: case-report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Bernardo Scala

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The homeopathic materia medica includes a number of remedies potentially useful in heart diseases and that could be an effective complementary tool in cardiology and cardiovascular surgery. As conventional doctors demand evidence on the efficacy and effectiveness of homeopathic treatment backed with independent laboratory evaluation by accredited specialists, this paper reports the outcome of two patients diagnosed with severe coronary artery disease treated with homeopathic remedies. Keywords: coronary artery disease; low dilutions remedies.  Tratamento de 2 pacientes com doenças na artéria coronária: relato de caso ResumoA Matéria Médica homeopática inclui uma série de medicamentos potencialmente úteis para doenças cardíacas, que poderiam ser efetivos como ferramenta complementar na cardiologia e cirurgia cardiovascular. A medicina tradicional exige a obtenção de evidências sobre a eficácia e efetividade de tratamentos homeopáticos, suportadas por resultados de laboratórios independentes e acreditados por especialistas. Este artigo relata o acompanhamento de 2 pacientes diagnosticados com doença severa da artéria coronária , tratados com medicamentos homeopáticos. Palavras-chave: doença da artéria coronariana, medicamentos dinamizados.  Tratamiento homeopático de dos pacientes con enfermedad arterial coronaria: informe de caso ResumenLa materia médica homeopática incluye una serie de recursos potencialmente útiles en las enfermedades del corazón y que podría ser una eficaz herramienta complementaria en cardiología y cirugía cardiovascular. Considerando la demanda por pruebas sobre la eficacia y la eficacia del tratamiento homeopático, con respaldo en laboratorios independiente y evaluación por especialistas

  19. Large artery and coronary compliance in health and disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    @@ Introduction The arterial circulation is traditionally modeled in two ways neither of which alone is able to fully account for its properties. In the well-known two element windkessel model the circulation is viewed in terms of parallel capacitance and resistance components.

  20. On arterial physiology, pathophysiology of vascular compliance, and cardiovascular disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glasser, S P

    2000-01-01

    Traditionally, the main emphasis in hypertension treatment has been on lowering diastolic blood pressure. Recently, this emphasis has been shifting toward systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure, the latter of which might be a better indicator of future clinical events than either blood pressure reading alone or in combination. Increased pulse pressure indicates increased arterial stiffness and hence is commonly seen in older subjects. As patients age and vessels stiffen, there is a resulting loss of arterial compliance, the ability of the vessel to store blood volume temporarily as it is ejected with each systole. The arterial system acts like a Windkessel, or pump, as it converts intermittent flow from the heart into continuous flow to the organs. The process of stiffening occurs via vascular remodeling, a redistribution of the heterogeneous elements of the vascular wall. Endothelial dysfunction can trigger this remodeling process, increasing stiffness, raising blood pressure and pulse pressure, and ultimately leading to atherosclerosis, plaque formation, and attendant clinical events. Because angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and calcium antagonists can restore arterial compliance, they are suitable choices for hypertension treatment when it is complicated by vascular stiffness. PMID:11728285