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Sample records for arteriosclerosis obliterans

  1. [Correction of dyslipidemia in patients with arteriosclerosis obliterans as a method for improving the results of endovascular angioplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petukhov, V A; Seitmykhamedov, M D; Dibirov, A D; Dubovik, S G; Sergeeva, N A; Prokubovskiĭ, V I

    1992-01-01

    The authors analyse the results of endovascular angioplasty of the pelvic and lower limb arteries in 147 patients of various age suffering from arteriosclerosis obliterans. It was found that the results of endovascular angioplasty depended on the state of the lipid balance. The necessity for correcting the shifts in the lipid metabolism is shown. The article evaluates the results of dyslipidemia correction by dietotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and operation for partial ilio-shunting in patients with arteriosclerosis obliterans of the pelvic and lower limb arteries. The efficacy of the listed methods of treatment are analysed according to the severity of dyslipidemia. PMID:1457133

  2. Preliminary clinical application of SilverHawk directional atherectomy device in arteriosclerosis obliterans of lower extremity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficiency and security of SilverHawk directional atherectomy device in treating arteriosclerosis obliterans of lower extremity. Methods: Seven patients with lower extremity ischemia were treated with SilverHawk directional atherectomy. The lesions length varied from 1.8 to 14.5 cm. Clinical symptoms (Fontaine classification) included 4 cases of grade Ⅱ b, I case of grade Ⅲ, 2 cases of grade Ⅳ. The ABI varied from 0.28 to 0.65. Patency was evaluated with color duplex sonography or CTA besides clinical examination during follow-up. Results: Seven occlusive lesions were recanalizated successfully. The technical success (residual stenosis < 30%) rate was 100%. Clinical symptoms were obviously improved or disappeared. The ABI varied from 0.82 to 1.18 (P=0.002), and Fontaine classification included 6 cases of Ⅰ; 1 case of Ⅱ a. Patency rate was 100% and the ABI varied from 0.75 to 1.14 (P=0.938). Fontaine classifications keep consistent 1-6 months after operation. Conclusion: SilverHawk directional atherectomy was a safe and effective way for treatment of lower arteriosclerosis obliteran. (authors)

  3. Clinical study of the relationship between arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO) and cerebral infarction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To clarify the relationship between arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO) and cerebral infarction (CI), brain CT was performed and the risk factors for atherosclerosis were assessed. Thirty-five male and 5 female patients with intermittent claudication and/or leg ulceration were angiographically diagnosed as having ASO. According to CT findings, these patients were divided into three groups [no low-density areas (NLDA), hemorrhage, and infarction (CI)]. CI was subdivided as lacunar, cortical, and watershed infarction. Thirteen patients were in the NLDA group and 26 in the CI group (17 lacunar, 3 cortical and 6 mixed infarcts), indicating a CI incidence of 65%. Comparing the risk factors of the CI group with those of the NLDA group, hypertension (53.8%), diabetes (34.6%), and cigarette smoking (69.2%) was often seen in the CI group, although hypercholesterolemia (53.8%) and ischemic heart disease (42.3%) was the same in both groups. Multivariate analysis revealed that smoking had the strongest effect on the occurrence of CI in ASO patients. Furthermore, the number of combined risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, smoking, hypercholesterolemia) had a significant positive correlation with cortical infarction. As to the chronological relationship between the onset of ASO and CI, CI was present in 14 of 27 ASO patients on CT when the ischemic leg symptoms appeared, while symptomatic cortical infarction preceded ASO in 5 patients. CI patients increased gradually over a decade to 26 out of 40, among whom 16 patients with lacunae had silent infarcts. These findings suggested that ASO is frequently associated with CI, not only due to atherosclerosis of the main trunks of the cerebral vessels, but also due to arteriolosclerosis of the perforating arteries. (author)

  4. Prevention and nursing care of the complications occurred in interventional therapy for arteriosclerosis obliterans of lower extremity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To discuss the prevention and nursing care of the perioperative complications occurred in interventional therapy for arteriosclerosis obliterans of lower extremity. Methods: During the period of July 2006 to June 2009, interventional treatment for the arteriosclerosis obliterans of lower extremity was performed in 380 cases. The clinical data and complications were reviewed and analyzed, and the prevention and nursing care of the complications were summarized. Results: Complications occurred in 41 cases. During the surgery, vascular rupture or arterial dissection occurred in 5 cases, hypoglycemia reaction in 3 cases and elevation of blood pressure in 2 cases. The complications,which occurred after the treatment,included acute arterial thrombosis (n=3), deep vein thrombosis (n=2), bleeding of different tissues or organs (n=17), acute myocardial infarction (n=2), pseudoaneurysm (n=2), excessive lower limb perfusion syndrome (n=4) and compression sores (n=1). Conclusion: Detailed information of medical history, careful observation of clinical condition, intensive care of patient, adequate preparation of medical materials, seriously handing over the duty to the next shift and taking one's turn on duty, etc. are all the effective measures to prevent and to reduce the occurrence of complications. (authors)

  5. Perioperative changes in coagulative and fibrinolytic function during surgical treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm and arteriosclerosis obliterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aramoto, H; Shigematsu, H; Muto, T

    1994-12-01

    To determine the factors which influence perioperative coagulative and fibrinolytic function, we studied 41 patients who underwent surgical repair of unruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and 30 patients who underwent arterial reconstruction for arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO). In patients with AAA, the levels of fibrin/fibrinogen degradation products (FDP) (11.4 +/- 20.1 micrograms/ml), thrombin-antithrombin III complex (TAT) (22.0 +/- 21.8 micrograms/l), plasmin-alpha 2 plasmin inhibitor complex (PIC) (2.6 +/- 2.9 micrograms/ml) and d-dimer of cross-linked fibrin degradation products (D-D) (8.4 +/- 10.8 micrograms/ml) were elevated, particularly when the AAAs had a large mural thrombus surface area or were accompanied by aneurysm of the iliac or femoral artery. In arterial aneurysms, blood coagulability and secondary fibrinolytic activity were believed to be enhanced. In patients with ASO, the level of TAT (17.2 +/- 24.8 micrograms/l) was so elevated that they were considered to show chronic hypercoagulability. Among the ASO patients with aorto-iliac lesions, those with concomitant graft occlusion or anastomotic aneurysm had significantly elevated levels of TAT. Proximal arterial occlusion or accompanying aneurysm in the ASO patients was associated with increased levels of PIC and D-D. Postoperative fluctuations in conventional hematological variables did not differ significantly among the surgical procedures. Conventional markers showed a transient decrease due to consumption during surgery, and a subsequent recovery or an actual increase within several days after surgery.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7737753

  6. A randomized, open-label, multicentre study to evaluate plasma atherosclerotic biomarkers in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and arteriosclerosis obliterans when treated with Probucol and Cilostazol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-Wei Ma; Xiao-Hui Guo; Xin-Hua Xiao; Li-Xin Guo; Xiao-Feng Lv; Quan-Min Li; Yan Gao

    2012-01-01

    Objectives To evaluate the plasma atherosclerotic biomarkers in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and arteriosclerosis obliteran (ASO) when treated with Probucol plus Cilostazol in combination and individually. Methods In this open-label study, patients aged 40-75 years were randomized to receive conventional therapy alone, or with Cilostazol 100 mg bid, or with Probucol 250 mg bid, or with both in combination. Endpoints included changes in plasma biomarker and safety at 12 weeks. Results Of the 200 randomized patients, 165 for per-protocol and 160 for the safety (QTc intervals) were set, respectively. Probucol significantly reduced total cholesterol (P < 0.001), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), (P = 0.01), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (P < 0.001) compared with conventional therapy. Cilostazol was effective in increasing HDL-C (P = 0.002) and reducing triglycerides levels (P < 0.01) compared with conventional therapy. A trend towards significance was observed for the difference between conventional therapy alone and Probucol plus Cilostazol group for the change in oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL, P = 0.065). No significant effects on the majority of the remaining biomarkers were found across the treatment groups. Conclusions We have confirmed that Ox-LDL could be a possible plasma atherosclerotic biomarker among the evaluated biomarkers, which reflected the synergetic effect of Cilostazol plus Probucol in patients with T2DM and ASO shown previously in preclinical studies.

  7. Usefulness of the {sup 201}TlCl exercise leg perfusion scintigraphy in arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO). With evaluation of leg perfusion comparing before and after PTA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kijima, Tetsuji; Kumita, Shin-ichiro; Mizumura, Sunao; Kumazaki, Tatsuo [Nippon Medical School, Tokyo (Japan)

    1995-09-01

    Twenty-eight patients of arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO) complaining of intermittent claudication or pain at rest underwent symptom limited exercise leg perfusion scintigraphy using {sup 201}TlCl (Tl). Regions of interest (ROI) were drawn around each buttocks, thighs, calves and feet in whole body image, and we calculated Lesion/Normal Index (LNI) which was the devided value of the average count per pixel of each ROI of the affected side by that of the normal side. The average LNI of the foot was 0.81 and was smaller than other regions (p<0.05). Other region except foot showed Tl high uptake in affected side in some cases. Fifteen patients were compared after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) with before PTA, and LNI of the foot statistically improved after PTA (p<0.005). The period suffering from disease of the group of Tl hight uptake in the affected leg was statistically shorter than that of the group of Tl non-high uptake (p<0.05). We supposed that the Tl uptake of the foot reflects ischemia of the leg sensitively, and high uptake of Tl in affected leg is concerned with compensatory change of microcirculation of ischemic leg in subacute period. This scintigraphy was thought to be useful to detect the ASO and to evaluate the effect of PTA, and was able to avail diagnosis and observation of the course of ASO patient. (author).

  8. Cerebrovascular diseases in patients with arteriosclerotic aortic aneurysm and arteriosclerosis obliterans studied by carotid ultrasonography and by computed tomography of the brain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iwamoto, Toshihiko; Sugiyama, Tsuyoshi; Oyama, Tetsuo; Takasaki, Masaru [Tokyo Medical Coll. (Japan)

    1998-09-01

    To estimate the incidence of cerebrovascular diseases in arteriosclerotic aortic aneurysm (AA) and arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO) and their characteristics, 92 patients with AA and 102 patients with ASO were studied with carotid ultrasonography and brain computed tomography (CT), and were compared with 49 patients with hypertension. The mean ages of the patients were 70 to 72 years old and all were male. Hypertension was common in the AA group; diabetes and cigarette smoking were common in the ASO group. Carotid plaque lesions seen on ultrasonography were significantly more common in the AA (66%) and ASO (85%) groups than in the patients with hypertension (39%). The mean carotid diameter was significantly greater in the AA group than in the other two groups. The mean wall thicknesses in the AA and ASO groups were greater than in the patients with hypertension. Computed tomography showed that low-density areas were also common in the AA group (56%) and ASO (53%) groups than in the patients with hypertension (24%). Most of the low-density areas were thought to be lacunae or dilated perivascular spaces in the subinsula and putamen. Moderately and highly severe periventricular lucencies were also common in the AA group. These findings indicate that carotid changes, seen in AA and ASO, reflected the characteristics of arterial lesions, and that arteriosclerotic lesions were common in patients with AA and ASO. Therefore, cerebrovascular diseases should be taken into account in the management of patients with AA and ASO. (author)

  9. Usefulness of preoperative coronary angiography and brain computed tomography in cases of coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular disease undergoing revascularization for arteriosclerosis obliterans

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coronary angiography and brain computed tomography were preoperatively performed to evaluate the clinical condition of coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular disease in 101 patients (mean age, 68.4 years) with revascularization for arteriosclerosis obliterans. Eighty patients had hypertension, 12 had diabetes, and 26 had hyperlipidemia. Seventy-one patients (70.3%) had coronary stenosis. Significant stenoses in major coronary artery branches were confirmed in 35 patients, including 13 patients with old myocardial infarction. Coronary artery bypass grafting and percutaneous coronary angioplasty were performed in 2 and 7 patients with critical stenosis, respectively. Of 57 patients, who underwent brain computed tomography, abnormalities were found in 52 patients (91.2%), including cortical infarction in 9, lacunar infarction in 35, and leukoaraiosis in 27 patients. During the follow-up period 13 patients died (including 3 cases of myocardial infarction and 3 cases of stroke). Actuarial survival rate at 5 years was 80.4%. The influence of ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease on early and late mortality after surgical reconstruction for peripheral occlusive vascular disease is significant. Using visual diagnostic techniques, such as coronary angiography and brain computed tomography, long term survivor should be closely observed for multiple arteriosclerotic vascular diseases. (author)

  10. Usefulness of preoperative coronary angiography and brain computed tomography in cases of coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular disease undergoing revascularization for arteriosclerosis obliterans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakurada, Tall; Shibata, Yoshiki [Southern Tohoku Fukushima Hospital (Japan)

    2003-05-01

    Coronary angiography and brain computed tomography were preoperatively performed to evaluate the clinical condition of coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular disease in 101 patients (mean age, 68.4 years) with revascularization for arteriosclerosis obliterans. Eighty patients had hypertension, 12 had diabetes, and 26 had hyperlipidemia. Seventy-one patients (70.3%) had coronary stenosis. Significant stenoses in major coronary artery branches were confirmed in 35 patients, including 13 patients with old myocardial infarction. Coronary artery bypass grafting and percutaneous coronary angioplasty were performed in 2 and 7 patients with critical stenosis, respectively. Of 57 patients, who underwent brain computed tomography, abnormalities were found in 52 patients (91.2%), including cortical infarction in 9, lacunar infarction in 35, and leukoaraiosis in 27 patients. During the follow-up period 13 patients died (including 3 cases of myocardial infarction and 3 cases of stroke). Actuarial survival rate at 5 years was 80.4%. The influence of ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease on early and late mortality after surgical reconstruction for peripheral occlusive vascular disease is significant. Using visual diagnostic techniques, such as coronary angiography and brain computed tomography, long term survivor should be closely observed for multiple arteriosclerotic vascular diseases. (author)

  11. Cerebrovascular diseases in patients with arteriosclerotic aortic aneurysm and arteriosclerosis obliterans studied by carotid ultrasonography and by computed tomography of the brain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To estimate the incidence of cerebrovascular diseases in arteriosclerotic aortic aneurysm (AA) and arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO) and their characteristics, 92 patients with AA and 102 patients with ASO were studied with carotid ultrasonography and brain computed tomography (CT), and were compared with 49 patients with hypertension. The mean ages of the patients were 70 to 72 years old and all were male. Hypertension was common in the AA group; diabetes and cigarette smoking were common in the ASO group. Carotid plaque lesions seen on ultrasonography were significantly more common in the AA (66%) and ASO (85%) groups than in the patients with hypertension (39%). The mean carotid diameter was significantly greater in the AA group than in the other two groups. The mean wall thicknesses in the AA and ASO groups were greater than in the patients with hypertension. Computed tomography showed that low-density areas were also common in the AA group (56%) and ASO (53%) groups than in the patients with hypertension (24%). Most of the low-density areas were thought to be lacunae or dilated perivascular spaces in the subinsula and putamen. Moderately and highly severe periventricular lucencies were also common in the AA group. These findings indicate that carotid changes, seen in AA and ASO, reflected the characteristics of arterial lesions, and that arteriosclerotic lesions were common in patients with AA and ASO. Therefore, cerebrovascular diseases should be taken into account in the management of patients with AA and ASO. (author)

  12. Cerebral Arteriosclerosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the brain can cause a hemorrhagic stroke. Both types of stroke can be fatal. Cerebral arteriosclerosis is also related to a condition known as vascular dementia, in which small, symptom-free strokes cause cumulative damage and death to neurons (nerve cells) in the brain. Personality changes in ...

  13. Arteriosclerosis in Seven Cattle

    OpenAIRE

    Bundza, Adam; Stevenson, Daniel A.

    1987-01-01

    Sporadic arteriosclerosis of the aorta, with or without pulmonary ossification, occurred in seven cattle from slaughter-houses and farms. Aortic walls were thickened, and had many white or yellow mineralized plaques on the intimal surface. The lungs did not collapse, were firm, gritty and crepitant on palpation, and sponge-like in appearance on cross section. Microscopically, the aortas had mineral deposits in the tunica intima and media, varying in size and structure and surrounded by fibrou...

  14. Thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease)

    OpenAIRE

    Sinclair, Nicholas R.; Laub, Donald R

    2016-01-01

    Thromboangiitis Obliterans is a non-atherosclerotic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology, which has a strong association with tobacco. We present current concepts on the pathophysiology and diagnosis, as well as a review in treatments.

  15. Thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica Seebald, BS

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger disease is an occlusive, nonatherosclerotic, inflammatory vasculitis that causes ischemia in small and medium vessels. Most commonly, Buerger disease is diagnosed in 40- to 45-year-old men with a heavy smoking history. Our case exemplifies the most common presentation, diagnosis, and treatment in a 53-year-old male smoker who presents with arm pain and dusky cool fingers. A Buerger diagnosis requires exclusion of autoimmune, diabetic, and embolic causes. The only recognized treatment for this disease is smoking cessation.

  16. Atorvastatin calcium plus calcium dobesilate in arteriosclerosis obliterans in lower extremity of diabetes mellitus%阿托伐他汀钙联合羟苯磺酸钙治疗糖尿病下肢动脉硬化闭塞症对照研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学芳

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨阿托伐他汀钙联合羟苯磺酸钙治疗糖尿病下肢动脉硬化闭塞症的临床疗效。方法将30例2型糖尿病下肢动脉硬化闭塞症患者随机分为治疗组18例和对照组12例,两组均予以诺和灵30 R皮下注射治疗,治疗组在此基础上口服阿托伐他汀钙、羟苯磺酸钙治疗,观察16周。检测两组腓总神经感觉传导速度、踝臂指数、趾臂指数及血糖、血脂的变化。结果治疗后两组腓总神经感觉传导速度、踝臂指数、趾臂指数均较治疗前显著提高(P<0.05或0.01),治疗组较对照组提高更显著(P<0.01);治疗组脉博波传导速度较治疗前显著下降(P<0.01),对照组则无显著变化(P>0.05)。治疗组总胆固醇、三酰甘油、低密度脂蛋白水平均较治疗前显著下降(P<0.01),对照组虽较治疗前有所下降,但差异无显著性(P>0.05)。结论阿托伐他汀钙联合羟苯磺酸钙治疗能有效改善糖尿病下肢动脉硬化闭塞症患者下肢缺血状况。%Objective To explore the efficacy of atorvastatin calcium plus calcium dobesilate in arterioscle‐rosis obliterans in lower extremity (AOLE) of diabetes mellitus (DM ) .Methods Thirty type 2 DM pa‐tients with AOLE were randomly assigned to treatment (n=18) and control group (n=12) ,both groups were treated with isophane protamine biosynthetic human insulin injection (pre‐mixed30R) ,on this basis treatment group took orally atorvastatin calcium plus calcium dobesilate foe 16 weeks .Changes of common peroneal nerve sensory conduction velocity (SCV) ,ankle‐brachial index (ABI) ,toe brachial index (TBI) , blood glucose and blood fat were detected .Results After treatment SCV ,ABI and TBI of both groups heightened more significantly compared with pretreatment (P0 .05) .Cholesterol total ,triacylglycerol and low density lipoprotein level lowered more significantly in treatment (P0 .05) .Conclusion

  17. [Balanitis xerotica obliterans].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calcagno, C

    2007-01-01

    Balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO), first described by Stuhmer in 1928, is a chronic, progressive, atrophic, sclerosing process involving prepuce, glans and urethra. Its aetiology is unknown. After a short terminological excursus and a review of the aetiological hypothesis, we have focused on BXO in daily urological practice. We are here describing the clinical presentation and its differential diagnosis with premalignant and malignant lesions of the penis. We tried to define the relationship between BXO and squamous cell carcinoma of the penis. Particular attention was then cast on urethral stenosis. Finally, we focused on the treatment of BXO: corticosteroid local therapy as first line treatment or as adjuvant therapy after circumcision, surgical therapy including circumcision, laser therapy of the glans lesions, meatoplasty in the stenosis of the anterior urethra. We also stressed the need for histological examination of the preputial specimen for a correct follow-up and for medicolegal reasons. PMID:21086381

  18. Cerebrovascular hemodynamics in patients with cerebral arteriosclerosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jianbo Yang; Changcong Cui; Chengbin Wu

    2011-01-01

    The present study observed hemodynamic changes in 26 patients with cerebral arteriosclerosis using a cerebral circulation dynamics detector and transcranial Doppler.In patients with cerebral arteriosclerosis the blood supply and flow rate in the bilateral carotid arteries and the blood flow rate in the anterior cerebral and middle cerebral arteries were similar to normal controls, but the cerebral vascular resistance, critical pressure and pulsatility index were increased, and cerebral arterial elasticity and cerebral blood flow autoregulation were decreased.Compared with the lesioned hemisphere of patients with cerebral infarction, the total blood supply and blood flow rate of patients with cerebral arteriosclerosis were higher.Compared with normal subjects, patients with cerebral arteriosclerosis exhibited cognitive disturbances, mainly in short-term memory, attention, abstract capability, and spatial and executive dysfunction.Results showed that cerebral arteriosclerosis does not directly affect the blood supply of a cerebral hemisphere, but affects cognitive function.The increased cerebral vascular resistance and reduced autoregulation of cerebral blood vessels may be important hemodynamic mechanisms of arteriosclerosis-induced cerebral infarction.

  19. Rosiglitazone attenuates transplant arteriosclerosis after allogeneic aorta transplantation in rats

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Onuta, Geanina; Rienstra, Heleen; de Boer, Jan Freark; Boer, Mark Walther; Roks, Anton J. M.; Klatter, Flip A.; Uges, Donald R. A.; Navis, Gerjan; Rozing, Jan; Hillebrands, Jan-Luuk

    2007-01-01

    Background. Transplant arteriosclerosis is a leading cause of chronic transplant dysfunction and is characterized by occlusive neointima formation in intragraft arteries. Development of transplant arteriosclerosis is refractory to conventional immunosuppressive drugs and adequate therapy is not avai

  20. CT angiography in the diagnosis of lower extremity arteriosclerosis obliterans: a Meta analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To systematically assess the diagnostic performance of CTA for lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD) using a Meta analysis method. Methods: Studies were located through electronic searching of the PubMed, EBSCO, Springer, Ovid, CNKI, Cochrane library (from the date of establishment of the databases to October 2009). Bibliographies of the retrieved articles were also checked. All the studies concerning the diagnosis of PAD using CTA had been searched and reviewed, and the studies with the DSA as the gold standard were adopted as eligible. Subsequently, the characteristics of the included articles were appraised and extracted. Data on accuracy of included studies were extracted for further heterogeneity exploring, statistical pooling and SROC (summary receiver operating characteristics) analyzing using the Meta Disc 1.4 software. Results: Totally 24 studies met the inclusion criteria with a total of 1096 patients. The heterogeneity was found in these studies. The pooled accuracy indicators like sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) were 0.95 (95% CI: 0.94-0.95), 0.96 (95% CI: 0.95-0.96), and 471.13 (95% CI: 242.92-913.71), respectively. The area under of SROC curve was 0.9888 and the Q index was 0.9555. Subgroup analysis demonstrated significant difference on diagnostic performance for various CT slices (P<0.05). Conclusion: CTA can be regarded as an effective and feasible method for PAD diagnosis and screening, based on the results of this systematic review. However, more rigorous evaluations of CTA in patients with critical limb ischemia are needed. (authors)

  1. Development of intimal hyperplasia in transplant arteriosclerosis

    OpenAIRE

    Religa, Piotr

    2003-01-01

    Vascular disease is the main cause of disability and mortality in the western world and the major limiting factor for long- term survival of transplanted organs. Occlusive vascular lesions lead to ischemia and structural changes in organs and in transplant arteriosclerosis and restenosis after endovascular procedures, narrowing of the vessel lumen is partly due to intimal hyperplasia caused by smooth muscle cells (SMCs). In this thesis, I have examined the mechanisms involve...

  2. Environmental validation of the homocystine theory of arteriosclerosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calabrese, E.J.

    1984-12-01

    It has been proposed that elevated concentrations of homocystine in vascular tissue could cause arterial damage leading to arteriosclerosis. This theory is indirectly supported by research in the area of environmental toxicology, which has revealed that carbon monoxide and carbon disulfide, agents whose prolonged exposure is known to result in the development of arteriosclerotic changes, induced vitamin B6 deficiency states which predictably lead to a homocystinuria-like state. Such information provides strong indirect support of the controversial homocystine theory of arteriosclerosis.

  3. Diagnosis of arteriosclerosis using noninvasive imaging methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate usefulness of X-ray CT, MRI, 2D-echo, and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in detecting arteriosclerotic changes. Plain and enhanced CT scans were performed on 413 subjects to evaluate aortic sclerosis. CT revealed aortic wall calcification, atheromatous projection of the intima, and thickened aortic walls. These findings appeared frequently with increasing age, and the ratio of atherosclerotic changes to the circumference of the aorta increased in the patients with cerebrovascular disease, coronary heart disease, hypertension, and diabetes. In 179 patients, plain CT and coronary angiography were performed. Sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value for estimating coronary stenosis by CT-detected coronary calcification were 79%, 78%, and 89% respectively. MRI also revealed atherosclerotic changes. In 408 subjects MRI was performed using a spin-echo method. Although atheromatous intimal changes were found in 4.8% of normal subjects, these findings were demonstrated in 46% of the patients with diabetes, in 32% of patients with hypertension, and in 20% of patients with ischemic heart disease. 2D-echo was useful in detecting atheromatous intimal changes in the carotid artery. DSA was also useful for detecting stenosis of the peripheral arteries of median size. In conclusion, these imaging methods can play an important role in diagnosing arteriosclerosis. (author)

  4. Diagnosis of arteriosclerosis using noninvasive imaging methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Masuda, Yoshiaki; Takasu, Junichiro; Sakakibara, Makoto; Morooka, Nobuhiro; Inagaki, Yoshiaki (Chiba Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine)

    1990-12-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate usefulness of X-ray CT, MRI, 2D-echo, and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in detecting arteriosclerotic changes. Plain and enhanced CT scans were performed on 413 subjects to evaluate aortic sclerosis. CT revealed aortic wall calcification, atheromatous projection of the intima, and thickened aortic walls. These findings appeared frequently with increasing age, and the ratio of atherosclerotic changes to the circumference of the aorta increased in the patients with cerebrovascular disease, coronary heart disease, hypertension, and diabetes. In 179 patients, plain CT and coronary angiography were performed. Sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value for estimating coronary stenosis by CT-detected coronary calcification were 79%, 78%, and 89% respectively. MRI also revealed atherosclerotic changes. In 408 subjects MRI was performed using a spin-echo method. Although atheromatous intimal changes were found in 4.8% of normal subjects, these findings were demonstrated in 46% of the patients with diabetes, in 32% of patients with hypertension, and in 20% of patients with ischemic heart disease. 2D-echo was useful in detecting atheromatous intimal changes in the carotid artery. DSA was also useful for detecting stenosis of the peripheral arteries of median size. In conclusion, these imaging methods can play an important role in diagnosing arteriosclerosis. (author).

  5. The surgical treatment of Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans

    OpenAIRE

    A. Hartley; Ramanathan, C.; Siddiqui, H.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans (BXO) is a chronic, often progressive disease, which can lead to phimosis and urethral stenosis, affecting both urinary and sexual function. Steroid creams are usually the first-line treatment but have a limited role and surgical intervention is frequently necessary. Conservative surgical procedures (circumcision) are often preferred in the first instance with the premise that recurrence of disease will require a more definitive reconstruction. This s...

  6. Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organizing Pneumonia Induced by Minocycline

    OpenAIRE

    Shikuwa, Chieko; Kadota, Jun-ichi; Mukae, Hiroshi; Nagata, Towako; Kaida, Hideyuki; Ishii, Hiroshi; Ishimatsu, Yuji; Kohno, Shigeru

    2001-01-01

    We report a case of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) caused by minocycline (MINO). A 59- year-old man visited to our hospital because of flu-like symptoms. He had been treated with MINO for a few weeks for the skin eruption. The chest radiograph showed consolidations in both lung fields. He was admitted to our hospital for further examination. An elevation of lymphocyte percentage was seen in his bronchoalveolar lavage and a diagnosis of BOOP was confirmed by video-assiste...

  7. Bronchiolitis obliterans from exposure to incinerator fly ash.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boswell, R T; McCunney, R J

    1995-07-01

    Inhalation of toxic substances in the workplace can result in a variety of respiratory disorders. One relatively rare sequela of the inhalation of toxic fumes is bronchiolitis obliterans, a condition characterized by fibrosis and narrowing of the small airways. Several substances have been reported to cause bronchiolitis obliterans, including ammonia, chlorine, hydrogen fluoride, hydrogen sulfide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, phosgene, and other irritant fumes. Little has been reported on the pulmonary effects of fly ash produced by the incineration of coal and oil. We report a case of bronchiolitis obliterans with a component of partially reversible airway obstruction in a 39-year-old male occupationally exposed to incinerator fly ash. PMID:7552470

  8. Bronchiolitis Obliterans (BO: HRCT findings in 20 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Youssriah Yahia Sabri

    2014-03-01

    Conclusion: High-resolution CT is currently superior as an imaging modality in diagnosis of bronchiolitis obliterans, however, diagnosis of BO requires exclusion of other causes of chronic airway obstruction.

  9. Influence of cerebrovascular arteriosclerosis on cerebral oxygenation during exercise

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Although it is assumed that cerebral oxygenation during exercise is influenced by both cardiopulmonary function and cerebrovascular arteriosclerosis, the latter factor has not been fully clarified. In the present study the relationship between the degree of cerebrovascular arteriosclerosis and cerebral oxygenation during exercise was investigated. A total of 109 patients (69 patients with coronary artery disease, 40 patients with hypertensive heart disease) (61.7±9.7 years) performed a symptom-limited exercise test with respiratory gas measurements (CPX). From the respiratory gas analysis, peak O2 uptake (VO2), the slope of the increase in VO2 to the increase in work rate (ΔVO2/ΔWR), and the slope of the increase in ventilation to the increase in CO2 output (VE/VCO2 slope) were calculated. Oxyhemoglobin (O2Hb) at the forehead was monitored using near-infrared spectroscopy. The brain ischemic score was counted based upon fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images of magnetic resonance imaging and expressed from 0 to 4. When compared with patients with a lower ischemic score (2Hb during exercise (-1.08±2.7 vs 0.77±4.1 μmol/L, p=0.011). Of brain ischemic score, left ventricular ejection fraction, peak VO2, ΔVO2/ΔWR, and the VE/VCO2 slope, ΔVO2/ΔWR was found to be the sole independent index determining cerebral O2Hb during exercise. The CPX parameters were also significantly related to the degree of cerebrovascular arteriosclerosis. Although cerebral oxygenation during exercise is mainly related to cardiopulmonary function, the degree of cerebrovascular arteriosclerosis partly influences cerebral oxygenation in patients with risk factors for atherosclerosis. (author)

  10. Another Face of Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organizing Pneumonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark O Turner

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A 47-year-old man presented with an eight-day history of nonproductive cough and constitutional symptoms progressing to respiratory failure. High resolution computed tomography revealed a diffuse micronodular pattern and a ‘tree-in-bud’ pattern in the lower lung zones. Transbronchial biopsy showed features consistent with bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP. After an initially difficult clinical course, the patient responded well to long term treatment with corticosteroids, including improvement of air flow obstruction. This case illustrates a variant of BOOP characterized by a comparatively acute onset, a component of proliferative bronchiolitis, an obstructive rather than restrictive pattern of pulmonary function testing and good clinical response to corticosteroid therapy.

  11. Cerebral angiographic findings in thromboangiitis obliterans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    No, Young J.; Lee, Eun M.; Kim, Jong S. [University of Ulsan, Department of Neurology, Asan Medical Center, Song Pa, PO Pox 145, Seoul (Korea); Lee, Deok H. [University of Ulsan, Department of Neuroradiology, Asan Medical Center, Song Pa, PO Pox 145, Seoul (Korea)

    2005-12-01

    Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) or ischemic stroke may complicate thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO). However, there has been debate regarding the mechanism of ischemic stroke in TAO. We report the case of a patient with TAO who developed repeated TIAs. An angiogram showed multiple alternative areas of arterial occlusions in the distal segments of both middle cerebral arteries. Extensive collateral vessels around the occluded segment were also observed, which resembled the ''tree root'' or ''corkscrew'' vessels described in the peripheral arteries in TAO. Our patient illustrates that cerebral manifestations of TAO may occur with vascular changes that are identical with those encountered in the limb arteries in TAO. (orig.)

  12. Penile carcinoma arising in balanitis xerotica obliterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goolamali, S I; Pakianathan, M

    2006-02-01

    Squamous cell carcinoma of the penis is an uncommon cancer, though in one study it accounted for 90% of all penile cancers. Its association with balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) is a rare though recognized occurrence. We describe a case of a 46-year-old Caucasian male who first presented to our open-access clinic with a mild phimosis. An elective circumcision was performed and histological examination of the circumcision specimen showed BXO. He was lost to follow-up but re-presented three years later with a persistent tender penile ulcer which on biopsy showed no obvious sinister pathology. He returned a further two years later with a short history of bleeding from the ulcer, and another biopsy now confirmed penile squamous cell carcinoma. Our case emphasizes the importance of regular review of patients with BXO, in particular those with persistent symptoms. PMID:16464280

  13. Bortezomib-Induced Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organizing Pneumonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Vandeix

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Bortezomib is a proteasome inhibitor indicated for the treatment of multiple myeloma patients. The most frequent side effects are gastrointestinal and neurological. Serious pulmonary complications have been described rarely. Observation. This case involves a 74-year-old man suffering from IgG Kappa myeloma treated with bortezomib, melphalan, and dexamethasone. After administering chemotherapy, the patient developed an acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS. A surgical pulmonary biopsy proved the existence of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP lesions. Systemic corticotherapy led to a rapid improvement in the patient’s condition. Conclusion. This is the first reported histologically confirmed case of bortezomid-induced BOOP. Faced with severe respiratory symptoms in the absence of other etiologies, complications due to bortezomid treatment should be evoked and corticotherapy considered.

  14. Nitrofurantoin-associated bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia: Report of a case

    OpenAIRE

    Fenton, Mark E; Rani Kanthan; Donald W Cockcroft

    2008-01-01

    Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia due to nitrofurantoin has rarely been reported and is associated with poor outcomes. A case of nitrofurantoin-associated bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia responsive to drug withdrawal and corticosteroids is presented.

  15. Activation of monocytes and cytokine production in patients with peripheral atherosclerosis obliterans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lastória Sidney

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Arterial peripheral disease is a condition caused by the blocked blood flow resulting from arterial cholesterol deposits within the arms, legs and aorta. Studies have shown that macrophages in atherosclerotic plaque are highly activated, which makes these cells important antigen-presenting cells that develop a specific immune response, in which LDLox is the inducing antigen. As functional changes of cells which participate in the atherogenesis process may occur in the peripheral blood, the objectives of the present study were to evaluate plasma levels of anti-inflammatory and inflammatory cytokines including TNF-α, IFN-γ, interleukin-6 (IL-6, IL-10 and TGF-β in patients with peripheral arteriosclerosis obliterans, to assess the monocyte activation level in peripheral blood through the ability of these cells to release hydrogen peroxide (H2O2 and to develop fungicidal activity against Candida albicans (C. albicans in vitro. Methods TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-6, IL-10 and TGF-β from plasma of patients were detected by ELISA. Monocyte cultures activated in vitro with TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma were evaluated by fungicidal activity against C. albicans by culture plating and Colony Forming Unit (CFU recovery, and by H2O2 production. Results Plasma levels of all cytokines were significantly higher in patients compared to those detected in control subjects. Control group monocytes did not release substantial levels of H2O2 in vitro, but these levels were significantly increased after activation with IFN-γ and TNF-α. Monocytes of patients, before and after activation, responded less than those of control subjects. Similar results were found when fungicidal activity was evaluated. The results seen in patients were always significantly smaller than among control subjects. Conclusions: The results revealed an unresponsiveness of patient monocytes in vitro probably due to the high activation process occurring in vivo as corroborated by high

  16. Rituximab-Induced Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organizing Pneumonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet B. Ergin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Rituximab-induced lung disease (R-ILD is a rare entity that should be considered in patients treated with rituximab who present with dyspnea, fever, and cough, but no clear evidence of infection. A variety of pathologic findings have been described in this setting. Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP is the most common clinicopathologic diagnosis, followed by interstitial pneumonitis, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS, and hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Prompt diagnosis and treatment with corticosteroids are essential as discussed by Wagner et al. (2007. Here we present a case of an 82-year-old man who was treated with rituximab for recurrent marginal zone lymphoma. After the first infusion of rituximab, he reported fever, chills, and dyspnea. On computed tomography imaging, he was found to have bilateral patchy infiltrates, consistent with BOOP on biopsy. In our patient, BOOP was caused by single-agent rituximab, in the first week after the first infusion of rituximab. We reviewed the relevant literature to clarify the different presentations and characteristics of R-ILD and raise awareness of this relatively overlooked entity.

  17. The surgical treatment of Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Hartley

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans (BXO is a chronic, often progressive disease, which can lead to phimosis and urethral stenosis, affecting both urinary and sexual function. Steroid creams are usually the first-line treatment but have a limited role and surgical intervention is frequently necessary. Conservative surgical procedures (circumcision are often preferred in the first instance with the premise that recurrence of disease will require a more definitive reconstruction. This study looked at patients with pathologically proven BXO referred to the Plastic Surgery Unit at James Cook University Hospital between 2005 and 2009. The aim was to look at their management in the past and subsequent management by us. We also looked at whether early referral of progressive and recurrent BXO patients to reconstructive surgery could have prevented unnecessary delay in resolving symptoms at an earlier stage. Materials and Methods: Data was collected retrospectively and information regarding the exact anatomical location affected, the extent of the disease, the referring specialty and any previous surgical interventions was obtained. Alterations in urinary and sexual function and relief of symptoms following reconstructive surgery were analysed. Results: Of the 23 patients in the study, 43% had previous surgery and 60% of those had undergone two or more procedures. Twenty-one percent of patients had a history of BXO for over five years. Forty-seven percent of patients had alteration in their urinary function and 48% alteration in their sexual function due to the disease, prior to referral. Early results showed remarkable improvement in urinary and sexual function following reconstructive surgery in this group. Conclusions: Steroid creams have been shown to limit the progression of the disease but do not offer a cure in the majority of cases. Circumcision can be a curative procedure in early disease. Although there is conflicting evidence for

  18. Recipient origin of neointimal vascular smooth muscle cells in cardiac allografts with transplant arteriosclerosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hillebrands, JL; van den Hurk, BMH; Klatter, FA; Popa, ER; Nieuwenhuis, P; Rozing, J

    2000-01-01

    Background: Coronary artery disease is today's most important post-heart transplantation problem after the first perioperative year. Histologically, coronary artery disease is characterized by transplant arteriosclerosis. The current view on this vasculopathy is that vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cel

  19. Lung transplantation for bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome after allo-SCT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, A M; Riise, Gerdt; Hansson, Leif Helmuth;

    2013-01-01

    Chronic GVHD (cGVHD) associated bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) is a serious complication after allo-SCT, and lung transplantation (LTx) may be the ultimate treatment option. To evaluate this treatment, data on all patients with LTx after allo-SCT ever performed in Sweden, Norway, Denmark...... to cGVHD after allo-SCT.Bone Marrow Transplantation advance online publication, 15 October 2012; doi:10.1038/bmt.2012.197.......Chronic GVHD (cGVHD) associated bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) is a serious complication after allo-SCT, and lung transplantation (LTx) may be the ultimate treatment option. To evaluate this treatment, data on all patients with LTx after allo-SCT ever performed in Sweden, Norway, Denmark...

  20. [Bronchiolitis obliterans with organized pneumonia: apropos 2 new cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández Vázquez, E; Zamarrón Sanz, C; Palacios Bartolomé, A; Valle Vázquez, J M; Alvarez Dobaño, J M; Tumbeiro Novoa, M

    1992-12-01

    We present two cases of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) with different clinical and radiological characteristics. In one case, the chest X-ray demonstrated bilateral migrating infiltrates. The pathology showed bronchiolar and intra-alveolar occupation by granulation tissue in both cases. It should be noted that both patients responded well to treatment with prednisone although alterations in gas exchange persisted in one case. PMID:1486169

  1. Thionyl-chloride-induced lung injury and bronchiolitis obliterans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Konichezky, S.; Schattner, A.; Ezri, T.; Bokenboim, P.; Geva, D. (Kaplan Hospital, Rehovot (Israel))

    1993-09-01

    Thionyl-chloride (TCl) is used in the manufacture of lithium batteries, producing SO2 and HCl fumes on contact with water. We report two cases of accidental TCl exposure resulting in lung injury that may vary from a relatively mild and reversible interstitial lung disease to a severe form of bronchiolitis obliterans causing, after a latent period, an acute/chronic respiratory failure as well as other complications (spontaneous pneumothorax and bronchopleural fistula), previously unreported in TCl fume inhalation.

  2. Circulating Angiogenic Factors in Patients with Thromboangiitis Obliterans

    OpenAIRE

    Hewing, Bernd; Stangl, Verena; Stangl, Karl; Enke-Melzer, Kathrin; Baumann, Gert; Ludwig, Antje

    2012-01-01

    Background Thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO, also known as Buerger's disease) is a non-atherosclerotic inflammatory vascular disease that primarily affects arteries in the extremities of young adult smokers. Since the etiology of TAO is still unknown, therapeutic options are limited. Recent attempts in therapeutic angiogenesis have been promising. Therefore, the aim of our study was to evaluate angiogenic processes and factors including circulating progenitor cells in TAO. Methodology/Principa...

  3. The clinical study of interventional therapy in thrombo angitis obliterans

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the clinical feasibility and validity of interventional therapy in thrombo angitis obliterans. Methods: 13 patients with thrombo angitis obliterans were treated with percutaneous left subclavian artery port-catheter system implantation. The catheter external iliac artery with perfusion of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) 100 μg, urokinase (UK) 200, 000U and mailuoning 20 ml every day. Each treatment lasted for 7-10 days. Results: 13 patients with angiographic demonstration showed occlusions of 1 case in the middle segment of superficial femoral artery, 9 cases of complete occlusion in popliteal artery and same for 3 cases in anterior tibial artery, the end of the peroneal artery and posterior tibial artery. After treatment, 3 patients had to undergo amputation due to gangrene in foot and 10 patients with no gangrene showed skin temperature rising up in the lower limb. Intermittent claudication and rest pain were relieved obviously accompanied by increasing step distance over 500 m with the Fontain grade improvement of twice at least. Follow up angiography one year later showed large quantity of vasculogenesis in the lower limb. Conclusion: The treatment of trans-port-catheter system is excellent and practical for improving the clinical status of patients with thrombo angitis obliterans. (authors)

  4. High incidence of balanitis xerotica obliterans in boys with phimosis: prospective 10-year study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiss, András; Király, László; Kutasy, Balázs; Merksz, Miklós

    2005-01-01

    This prospective study was designed to address the incidence and clinical and histologic characteristics of balanitis xerotica obliterans in a large random pediatric population with phimosis. We investigated 1178 boys who presented consecutively with phimosis between 1991 and 2001. All patients who underwent complete circumcision and surgical specimens were typed histologically as early, intermediate, or late forms of this disorder or as nonspecific chronic inflammation. Patients with balanitis xerotica obliterans were controlled at 1, 6, and 12 months postoperatively, then yearly. Balanitis xerotica obliterans was found in 471 of the 1178 patients (40%), with the highest incidence in boys aged 9 to 11 years (76%). Secondary phimosis occurred in 93% of boys with balanitis xerotica obliterans and in 32% of those without the disorder. In six instances of balanitis xerotica obliterans, meatotomy and in one meatoplasty was performed, as well as circumcision. On histologic evaluation, we found 19% had early, 60% intermediate, and 21% late form of balanitis xerotica obliterans. Glanular lesions disappeared completely within 6 months in 229 out of 231 patients. Our data strongly suggest that the true incidence of childhood balanitis xerotica obliterans is higher than previously assumed. Its incidence peaks in the 9 to 11 years age group, in whom secondary phimosis was almost exclusively caused by balanitis xerotica obliterans. PMID:16060864

  5. Clinical and radiological features of bronchiolitis obliterans in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the value of chest radiograph and thin-section computed tomography (CT) in diagnosis bronchiolitis obliterans in children, and to determine clinical view of obliterative bronchiolitis in children. Methods: We identified 12 infants, 10 boys, and 2 girls (age range, 5 month to 11 years) with clinical confirmation of bronchiolitis obliterans. Three cases were after Steven-Johnson syndrome, 8 were post-infection (2 adenovirus, 2 measles and 1 Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection, 3 cases were unknown etiology infection); The symptoms lasted for at least 6 weeks. One case had lung ventilation nuclear scan. We evaluated individual bronchoscopy, pulmonary function test, chest radiograph and thin- section CT features and their characteristic appearance. Results: All cases had typical clinical characteristics and pulmonary function testing results that were consistent with nonreversible small airways obstruction. One case had lung ventilation nuclear scan illustrated absent and reduced ventilation of the right lower lobe. Nine cases who underwent bronchoscopy were chronic endobronchial inflammation. Three children had transbronchial biopsy and 1 patient who underwent open pulmonary biopsies were uncertain of histological diagnosis. Chest radiography showed hyperinflation in 8 cases; peribronchial thickening in 6 cases; consolidation/atelectasia in 6 cases; unilateral hyperlucency of a small/normal-sized lung in 4 cases. Thin-section CT/HRCT features included: mosaic perfusion pattern, decreased lung attenuation in 11 cases, pulmonary vascular attenuation in 10 cases; bronchial dilatation in 7 cases; bronchial wall thickening in 9 cases; unilateral hyperlucency of a small/normal-sized lung in 5 cases; consolidation in 6 cases; nodular in 3 cases; mucoid impaction in 5 cases. Conclusions: In our study, correct diagnoses of bronchiolitis obliterans in children were made more special with thin-section CT than with chest radiographs. The diagnosis of BO in

  6. Obesidad mórbida y arteriosclerosis subclínica

    OpenAIRE

    Megias Rangil, Isabel Clara

    2014-01-01

    La disfunción endotelial, el grosor íntima-media (GIM) y la rigidez arterial se consideran hoy día marcadores de arteriosclerosis precoz. La obesidad y el exceso de peso se han asociado a disfunción endotelial, mayor grosor íntima media y peor rigidez arterial, pero no existen datos concretos sobre el efecto de la obesidad mórbida en estos parámetros. Nuestros objetivos fueron estudiar marcadores de arteriosclerosis subclínica como el GIMc, la función endotelial y la rigidez arterial en un...

  7. Radiographic finding in broncholitis obliterans after lung transplantation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper examines the radiographic findings of bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) after lung transplantation. Among the 55 single- and double-lung transplantations performed at the Toronto General Hospital, 41 have survived longer than 3 months and 7 have developed clinical BO. The chest radiographs, CT scans (where available) and medical records of these 7 patients were reviewed retrospectively, with the use of appropriate controls, and results were correlated with pathologic findings. Pathologic specimens demonstrated widespread BO in 3 patients (open lung biopsy), mild acute rejection with possible BO in 1 (transbronchial biopsy [TBBx]), undefined abnormality with some BO in 1 (TBBx), and acute rejection in 2 (TBBx)

  8. Experimental coronary sclerosis induced by immobilization of rabbits: A new model of arteriosclerosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyavokin, V. V.; Tjawokin, W. W.

    1980-01-01

    A new method for producing arteriosclerosis with coronary insufficiency in rabbits by means of immobilization is described and discussed. The experimentally induced atherosclerosis develops due to hypodynamics imposed by the reduced muscular activity without overloading with exogenous cholesterol. The atherosclerosis and coronary insufficiency are associated. With variations in the duration and extent of immobilization, coronary insufficiency alone or with atherosclerosis can be produced.

  9. Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia in patients with autoimmune rheumatic diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rojas, Carmen Maria Lara; Borella, Elisabetta; Palma, Lavinia; Ragozzino, Silvio; De Ramón, Enrique; Gomez-Huelgas, Ricardo; Punzi, Leonardo; Doria, Andrea

    2015-02-01

    Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) is defined by buds of granulation tissue within lung distal airspaces. The diagnosis requires the histopathologic evidence of organizing pneumonia along with a suggestive clinical and radiographic pattern. This disorder is characterized by a good response to corticosteroids and an excellent prognosis. It can occur in association with a broad spectrum of clinical conditions or can be isolated, in this last case named cryptogenic organizing pneumonia. We searched for BOOP in patients with autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARD) in the literature, and we found 32 well-documented cases. We reported here demographic features, manifestations, treatment and outcome of patients with BOOP associated with ARD. Notably, BOOP can be the presenting feature in some patients with ARD; thus, a close follow-up of patients with BOOP is recommended. PMID:25480740

  10. Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia associated with achalasia: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malek, Farhad; Nobakhat, Hossein; Hemmati, Hamidreza

    2016-01-01

    There is little mention in the literature about achalasia as an etiologic factor of Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP). In this study, a case of BOOP, which appeared to be secondary to achalasia is reported. A 35 years old man present with nonproductive cough, chills and fever from two month ago. Due to permanent consolidation in mid zone of right lung and unresponsive to antibiotics, transthoracic needle biopsy was done that showed BOOP. Due to esophageal dilatation in chest computerized tomography (CT) scan, endoscopy and esophagogram was done that showed achalasia. After surgery and a course of corticosteroid the patient condition became well. This report demonstrates that achalasia may be associated with BOOP. PMID:27408784

  11. Effects of a healthy life exercise program on arteriosclerosis adhesion molecules in elderly obese women

    OpenAIRE

    Lim, Seung-Taek; Min, Seok-Ki; Park, Hyuntae; Park, Jong-Hwan; Park, Jin-Kee

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the change in the arteriosclerosis adhesion molecules after a healthy life exercise program that included aerobic training, anaerobic training, and traditional Korean dance. [Subjects] The subjects were 20 elderly women who were over 65 years of age and had 30% body fat. [Methods] The experimental group underwent a 12-week healthy life exercise program. To evaluate the effects of the healthy life exercise program, measurements were performed ...

  12. Coronary arterial Disease associated with arteriosclerosis in lower extremity: Angiographic analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We performed both peripheral and coronary angiographies in 52 patients with an arteriosclerosis in lower extremities. The severity of arteriosclerotic narrowing of the coronary and peripheral arteries were compared on angiographies. An angiographic vascular score(AVS, 0-5) reflecting the number and the degree of stenosis in 12 lower extremity arteries and three major coronary arteries was assigned to each angiogram and the sun of scores in the lower extremity arteries was compared with the incidence of significant coronary artery disease (more than grade 3) and coronary score. Relation of incidence and severity of vascular stenosis and risk factors (diabetes metallitus, hypertension, smoking, and hypercholesterolemia) was also analyzed. Thirty-four of 52 patients (65%) had an angiographically significant coronary artery disease. Thirteen of these 34 patients (38%) had no clinical symptom and sign of the ischemic heart disease. There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence and severity of coronary artery disease between high (more than 30) and low AVS group in lower extremity (p>0.14). All patients had at least one risk factor and 49 of 52 patients (94%) had multiple risk factors. Coronary angiography was normal in there patients with only one risk factors, and angiographically significant coronary artery disease existed in nine of 16 cases (56.3%) with two risk factors. 13 of 17 case (76.5%) with three risk factors, and 12 of 16 cases (75.0%) with all four risk factors. There were no significant correlations between individual risk factors and incidence, severity of arteriosclerosis in coronary and lower extremity arteries. In conclusion, angiographic evaluation of the coronary artery disease in patients with lower extremity arteriosclerosis is necessary because of the high chance of coronary artery disease and difficulty in the prediction of coronary artery disease with a severity of the peripheral arteriosclerosis, presence of various risk

  13. The relationship between C-reactive protein and subclinical carotid arteriosclerosis in military pilots

    OpenAIRE

    Jovelić Aleksandra; Rađen Slavica; Hajduković Zoran; Čanji Tibor

    2009-01-01

    Background/Aim. Inflammation plays a key role in the physiopathology of arteriosclerosis. C-reactive protein (CRP) and common carotid artery intima-media thickness are independent predictors of cardiovascular events and diabetes mellitus in apparently healthy men, but relationship between them is not fully elucidated. The aim of the study was to assess the cross-sectional relationship between CRP and cardiovascular risk factors with common carotid artery intima-media thickness in military pil...

  14. Determination of body composition in elderly subjects suffering of diabetes mellitus and arteriosclerosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors determined the body composition of 23 diabetic and 36 arteriosclerotic subjects by multiple-isotope method. Their hormonal status was also assessed at the same time. They determined the body composition of well compensated, orally treated diabetic elderly and it was found that the intracellular volumes are unchanged comparing to healthy elderly controls, the total body fat is slightly increased, while the intracellular volumes (except extracellular volume ECV, in the case of females) are diminished significantly, mainly, in the case of males. In the case of decompensated diabetes treated originally with insulin, they found a general dehydration affecting mainly the intracellular compartments, but also in a less extent the extracellular ones. After one week of treatment with insulin and perfusions the body composition became normalized. The hormonal changes were not significant. In the case of arteriosclerosis they made a distinction after the dominating signs and symptoms between central peripheral arteriosclerosis. It seems after their results that except a diminution of plasma volume (PV), more marked in central arteriosclerosis, no changes could be observed comparing to health age-matched controls. In conclusion they can say that diabetes in its decompensated form causes a general perturbation of body composition in the sense of dehydration necessitating a well-managed rehydration

  15. Radiographic manifestations of Mönckeberg arteriosclerosis in the head and neck region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tahmasbi-Arashlow, Mehrnaz; Barghan, Sevin; Kashtwari, Beeba; Nair, Madhu K. [Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Colleges of Dentistry and Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville (United States)

    2016-03-15

    Mönckeberg sclerosis is a disease of unknown etiology, characterized by dystrophic calcification within the arterial tunica media of the lower extremities leading to reduced arterial compliance. Medial calcinosis does not obstruct the lumina of the arteries, and therefore does not lead to symptoms or signs of limb or organ ischemia. Mönckeberg sclerosis most commonly occurs in aged and diabetic individuals and in patients on dialysis. Mönckeberg arteriosclerosis is frequently observed in the visceral arteries, and it can occur in the head and neck region as well. This report describes a remarkable case of Mönckeberg arteriosclerosis in the head and neck region as detected on dental imaging studies. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case that has been reported in which this condition presented in the facial vasculature. The aim of this report was to define the radiographic characteristics of Mönckeberg arteriosclerosis in an effort to assist health care providers in diagnosing and managing this condition.

  16. Reduced elastogenesis: a clue to the arteriosclerosis and emphysematous changes in Schimke immuno-osseous dysplasia?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morimoto Marie

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Arteriosclerosis and emphysema develop in individuals with Schimke immuno-osseous dysplasia (SIOD, a multisystem disorder caused by biallelic mutations in SMARCAL1 (SWI/SNF-related, matrix-associated, actin-dependent regulator of chromatin, subfamily a-like 1. However, the mechanism by which the vascular and pulmonary disease arises in SIOD remains unknown. Methods We reviewed the records of 65 patients with SMARCAL1 mutations. Molecular and immunohistochemical analyses were conducted on autopsy tissue from 4 SIOD patients. Results Thirty-two of 63 patients had signs of arteriosclerosis and 3 of 51 had signs of emphysema. The arteriosclerosis was characterized by intimal and medial hyperplasia, smooth muscle cell hyperplasia and fragmented and disorganized elastin fibers, and the pulmonary disease was characterized by panlobular enlargement of air spaces. Consistent with a cell autonomous disorder, SMARCAL1 was expressed in arterial and lung tissue, and both the aorta and lung of SIOD patients had reduced expression of elastin and alterations in the expression of regulators of elastin gene expression. Conclusions This first comprehensive study of the vascular and pulmonary complications of SIOD shows that these commonly cause morbidity and mortality and might arise from impaired elastogenesis. Additionally, the effect of SMARCAL1 deficiency on elastin expression provides a model for understanding other features of SIOD.

  17. Targeting novel antigens in the arterial wall in thromboangiitis obliterans.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Akkus

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Thromboangiitis obliterans is an inflammatory disease possibly resulting from cigarette smoking as a primary etiologic factor, perhaps as a delayed type of hypersensitivity or toxic angiitis. As little is known about the pathogenesis of the disease, we aimed to determine novel antigens that might be responsible from the local inflammatory reactions and structural changes observed in this disease. An indirect immunoperoxidase technique is used to examine the tissue samples obtained from the dorsalis pedis artery of affected individuals with twenty monoclonal antibodies. Among these several antigens which are not previously reported in TAO like CD34, CD44 and CD90 were determined in the tissue samples examined. On the other hand, many other antigens like cytokine/chemokine receptors, several enzymes and leukocyte/lymphocyte antigens were lacking giving some clues about the local pathological reactions. We briefly discussed our findings for several critical antigens those first described in the present work, possibly having roles in the development of the disease. Expression of the CD90/CD11c receptor/ligand pair seems to play an important role in mononuclear cell recruitment to the damage site. Vascular invasion of not only tunica intima but also the tunica media in affected vessels is clearly demonstrated using endothelial cell specific antigens.

  18. Thromboangiitis Obliterans (Buerger’s Disease—Current Practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhishek Vijayakumar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO is a nonatherosclerotic, segmental inflammatory disease that most commonly affects the small and medium-sized arteries and veins in the upper and lower extremities. Cigarette smoking has been implicated as the main etiology of the disease. In eastern parts of the world TAO forms 40–60% of peripheral vascular diseases. Clinical features and angiographic finding are the basis of early diagnosis of TAO. Abstinence from smoking is the only definitive treatment to prevent disease progression. Medical management in form of aspirin, pentoxyfylline, cilostazol, and verapamil increase pain-free walking distance in intermittent claudication, but long term usage fails to prevent disease progression in patients who continue to smoke. Surgical treatment in form of revascularization, lumbar sympathectomy, omentopexy, and Ilizarov techniques help reduce pain and promote healing of trophic changes. Newer treatment modalities like spinal cord stimulation, prostacyclin, bosentan, VEGF, and stem cell therapy have shown promising results. Latest treatment options include peripheral mononuclear stem cell, and adipose tissue derived mononuclear stem cells have been shown to be effective in preventing disease progression, decrease major amputation rates, and improving quality of life.

  19. Advances in Understanding Bronchiolitis Obliterans After Lung Transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verleden, Stijn E; Sacreas, Annelore; Vos, Robin; Vanaudenaerde, Bart M; Verleden, Geert M

    2016-07-01

    Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) remains a major complication after lung transplantation, causing significant morbidity and mortality in a majority of recipients. BOS is believed to be the clinical correlate of chronic allograft dysfunction, and is defined as an obstructive pulmonary function defect in the absence of other identifiable causes, mostly not amenable to treatment. Recently, it has become clear that BOS is not the only form of chronic allograft dysfunction and that other clinical phenotypes exist; however, we focus exclusively on BOS. Radiologic findings typically demonstrate air trapping, mosaic attenuation, and hyperinflation. Pathologic examination reveals obliterative bronchiolitis lesions and a pure obliteration of the small airways (< 2 mm), with a relatively normal surrounding parenchyma. In this review, we highlight recent advances in diagnosis, pathologic examination, and risk factors, such as microbes, viruses, and antibodies. Although the pathophysiological mechanisms remain largely unknown, we review the role of the airway epithelium and inflammation and the various experimental animal models. We also clarify the clinical and therapeutic implications of these findings. Although significant progress has been made, the exact pathophysiological mechanisms and adequate therapy for posttransplantation BOS remain unknown, highlighting the need for further research to improve long-term posttransplantation BOS-free and overall survival. PMID:27212132

  20. Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia: experience at three hospitals in Riyadh

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Because reports of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) are lacking from the Middle East, we conducted a retrospective review of all histopathologically proven cases of BOOP over 10-year period at three tertiary care hospitals in Riyadh and describe the clinical features and outcome. Charts at the three hospitals were searched using a specific code for BOOP or cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP). Lung specimens have to show histological proof of BOOP with a compatible clinical picture. Chest radiographs and high resolution CT scans were reviewed. Twenty cases of biopsy-proven BOOP had well documented clinical and radiograph data. There were 11 males and 9 females (mean age 58 years; range 42-78). The clinical presentation f BOOP was acute or subacute pneumonia-like illness with cough (85%), fever (70%) dyspnea, (85%) and crackles (80%). The most frequent radiological pattern was a bilateral alveolar infiltrate. The most common abnormality on pulmonary function testing (n=14) was a restrictive pattern (11 patients). Most patients (70%) had no underlying cause (idiopathic BOOP). Other associations included thyroid cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, syphilis and Wegner's granulomatosis. Ten patients (50%) had a complete response to steroids, 6 (30%) had a partial response and 3 (15.8) with secondary BOOP had rapid progressive respiratory failure and died. The clinical presentation of BOOP in our patients is similar to other reported series. A favorable outcome occurs in the majority of cases. However, BOOP may occasionally be associated with a poor prognosis, particularly when associated with an underlying disease. (author)

  1. Efficacy of pulse methylprednisolone in a pediatric case of postinfectious bronchiolitis obliterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanou, Kalliopi; Xaidara, Athina; Kaditis, Athanasios G

    2015-05-01

    Postinfectious bronchiolitis obliterans is a chronic incapacitating disease with persistent airway inflammation. However, the efficacy of systemic corticosteroids has never been studied systematically. In the presented case, serial spirometry, plethysmography measurements, and nocturnal oximetry demonstrated progressive decline in lung hyperinflation and air-trapping and improvement in expiratory function and nocturnal oxygenation during and after six three-day courses of high-dose methylprednisolone (30 mg/kg/day). At four months post treatment, most gain in lung function was lost suggesting the need for sustained immunosuppression. Randomized, controlled trials using serial plethysmography measurements, spirometry, and nocturnal oximetry could provide evidence for the management of postinfectious bronchiolitis obliterans. PMID:25682945

  2. Circulating angiogenic factors in patients with thromboangiitis obliterans.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernd Hewing

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO, also known as Buerger's disease is a non-atherosclerotic inflammatory vascular disease that primarily affects arteries in the extremities of young adult smokers. Since the etiology of TAO is still unknown, therapeutic options are limited. Recent attempts in therapeutic angiogenesis have been promising. Therefore, the aim of our study was to evaluate angiogenic processes and factors including circulating progenitor cells in TAO. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: TAO patients with critical limb ischemia and age- and gender-matched nonsmokers and smokers without cardiovascular disease (n = 12 in each group were enrolled in the study. Flow cytometric analysis of peripheral blood showed significantly decreased levels of circulating CD45(dimCD34(+ progenitor cells in TAO patients and in smokers compared to nonsmokers. In contrast to both control groups, the proportion of CD45(dimCD34(+ progenitor cells co-expressing VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR2 was significantly elevated in TAO patients. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA of common angiogenic factors (such as VEGF did not clearly point to pro- or antiangiogenic conditions in serum or plasma of TAO patients. Serum of TAO patients and controls was evaluated in proliferation, migration (scratch assay and spheroid sprouting assays using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs. Serum of TAO patients exhibited a diminished sprouting capacity of HUVECs compared to both control groups. Proliferation and migration of endothelial cells were impaired after treatment with serum of TAO patients. CONCLUSION: Levels of circulating progenitor cells were altered in TAO patients compared to healthy nonsmokers and smokers. Furthermore, serum of TAO patients exhibited an antiangiogenic activity (impaired endothelial cell sprouting, migration and proliferation on endothelial cells, which may contribute to vascular pathology in this patient population.

  3. Phenytoin induced Steven–Johnson syndrome and bronchiolitis obliterans – case report and review of literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pannu, Bibek S.; Egan, Ashley M.; Iyer, Vivek N.

    2016-01-01

    Stevens–Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are both rare but serious idiosyncratic drug reactions characterized by diffuse muco-epidermoid injury and high mortality. Keratinocytes in both skin and mucous membranes (including eyes, mouth and genitalia) are injured resulting in a diffuse maculopapular rash, blistering lesions and epithelial detachment with minimal force (Nikolsky's sign). SJS is typically diagnosed when less than 10% of the skin surface is involved and the term TEN is used in cases with more than 30% involvement. Respiratory involvement in SJS-TEN is common with 30–50% of cases demonstrating respiratory epithelial sloughing with severe short and long term complications. Patients who survive SJS-TEN are often left with impaired respiratory function and bronchiolitis obliterans. Cases of bronchiolitis obliterans with SJS/TEN have been very rarely reported. We report a case of phenytoin induced SJS/TEN followed by severe bronchiolitis obliterans in an adult patient. The presentation, pathophysiology and management of SJS/TEN related bronchiolitis obliterans is also reviewed. PMID:27222786

  4. Pulmonary Rehabilitation for Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome after Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

    OpenAIRE

    Tran, Jerry; Norder, Emily; Diaz, Phil; Gary S Phillips; Elder, Pat; Devine, Steven M; Wood, Karen L.

    2012-01-01

    Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) is a progressive, insidious lung disease affecting allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients. Unfortunately, there is no standardized approach for treatment of BOS in post HSCT patients. Pulmonary rehabilitation is a standard treatment in emphysema, an irreversible obstructive lung disease secondary to tobacco abuse. The National Emphysema Treatment Trial (NETT) demonstrated improved exercise tolerance, decrease dyspnea, and increa...

  5. Case of a congenital urethral duplication being unmasked following circumcision for balanitis xerotica obliterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, Matthew; Woodward, Mark; Lambert, Anthony

    2010-07-01

    We present the case of an 11-year-old boy diagnosed with an Effmann Type II A1 urethral duplication after routine circumcision for balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO). We discuss the pathophysiology, investigation and management both of BXO and urethral duplication. PMID:20529516

  6. Extensive balanitis xerotica obliterans of urethrocutaneous fistula presenting as mass in scrotum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Santosh; Nagappa, Bhubnesh; Ganesamoniv, Raguram

    2010-08-01

    A rare case of extensive lichen sclerosis (balanitis xerotica obliterans) involving the anterior urethra, urethrocutaneous fistula, and scrotum is described in a middle-aged man who presented with a history of obstructive voiding symptoms. He was managed by excision of mass along with the fistulae and staged buccal mucosal urethroplasty. PMID:19913886

  7. Phenytoin induced Steven-Johnson syndrome and bronchiolitis obliterans - case report and review of literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pannu, Bibek S; Egan, Ashley M; Iyer, Vivek N

    2016-01-01

    Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are both rare but serious idiosyncratic drug reactions characterized by diffuse muco-epidermoid injury and high mortality. Keratinocytes in both skin and mucous membranes (including eyes, mouth and genitalia) are injured resulting in a diffuse maculopapular rash, blistering lesions and epithelial detachment with minimal force (Nikolsky's sign). SJS is typically diagnosed when less than 10% of the skin surface is involved and the term TEN is used in cases with more than 30% involvement. Respiratory involvement in SJS-TEN is common with 30-50% of cases demonstrating respiratory epithelial sloughing with severe short and long term complications. Patients who survive SJS-TEN are often left with impaired respiratory function and bronchiolitis obliterans. Cases of bronchiolitis obliterans with SJS/TEN have been very rarely reported. We report a case of phenytoin induced SJS/TEN followed by severe bronchiolitis obliterans in an adult patient. The presentation, pathophysiology and management of SJS/TEN related bronchiolitis obliterans is also reviewed. PMID:27222786

  8. Multiple complications due to osteoradionecrosis in a patient with thromboangiitis obliterans.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Barkhuysen, R.; Janssens, G.O.; Wilde, P.C.M. de; Merkx, M.A.W.

    2007-01-01

    A case is presented of a patient with thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) who developed severe necrosis of the intraoral soft tissues and maxillary and mandibular bone after radiotherapy for a cT2N0M0 squamous cell carcinoma of the soft palate. Multiple surgical procedures including partial resection o

  9. Arteriosclerosis of carotid arteries in identical twins discordant in tobacco smoking

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Duplex Doppler US has proved to be an accurate method of evaluating the arteriosclerotic process in extracranial carotid arteries. Tobacco smoking is generally considered to be a factor promoting arteriosclerosis. The authors performed duplex US examinations of the carotid arteries of 48 pairs (96 individuals) of monozygotic twins discordant for smoking. The ages of the examinees ranged from 31 years to 77 years (mean, 52 years). Doppler measurements of femoral and popliteal arteries were also made. A difference in the grade of arteriosclerosis was perceived in 40 pairs of twins, in each case to the benefit of the nonsmoker. The most common change was a difference in intimal thickness. Carotid artery stenoses, 15%-60%, were found in seven cases. In addition, a difference in the size of minor plaques of the carotid bifurcations was verified in 26 pairs of twins. Three smokers were found to have an obstructive lesion in the lower extremity arteries. Arteriosclerotic changes were more common and more pronounced in smokers with a long exposure to tobacco

  10. Investigation of the Etiology of Anemia in Thromboangiitis Obliterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbarin, Mohammad Mehdi; Ravari, Hassan; Rajabnejad, Ataollah; Valizadeh, Narges; Fazeli, Bahare

    2016-09-01

    During a review of patients admitted with thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO), there was evidence of normochromic normocytic anemia and abrupt changes in hemoglobin (Hgb) levels in patients with several hospital admissions. Therefore, the evidence of hemolytic anemia was evaluated based on 37 banked plasma samples taken from Caucasian male TAO patients during disease exacerbation between 2012 and 2014. The patients' hospital records, including clinical manifestations and complete blood count, were evaluated. The following tests were performed on all samples: indirect antiglobulin test (IAT), C-reactive protein (CRP), high-sensitivity CRP (hsCRP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), haptoglobin, indirect bilirubin, d-aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and d-alanine aminotransferase (ALT). The mean age of the patients was 40 ± 7 years. Two patients underwent below-knee amputation. The mean hospital-documented Hgb of the patients was 12.9 ± 2.6 g/dL. CRP and IAT were positive in 75.6 and 70.2% of the samples, respectively. The tests and corresponding results were as follows: hsCRP, 14.07 ± 2.37 µg/mL; LDH, 2,552 ± 315 u/L; haptoglobin, 2.27 ± 1.1 g/L; indirect bilirubin, 0.09 ± 0.04 mg/dL; AST, 67 ± 7 u/L; and ALT, 26 ± 3 u/L. There was a significant inverse correlation between hsCRP and hospital-documented Hgb level (p = 0.03). Anemia with the positive IAT in most of the samples, high LDH and AST, and normal ALT are suggestive of hemolytic anemia. Normal indirect bilirubin is consistent with intravascular hemolysis. The positive CRP and elevated haptoglobin levels could be due to systemic inflammation in TAO. However, it is not known if an autoantigen or an infectious antigen is responsible for TAO systemic inflammation and induction hemolytic anemia. As such, the underlying mechanism of anemia in TAO could be part of the footprint of its main etiology. PMID:27574381

  11. Quantitative detection of cerebral arteriosclerosis by means of the Doppler ultrasonic technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyazaki, M

    1986-01-01

    A correlation between the continuity of the cerebral blood flow pattern and the cerebral vascular resistance (namely, cerebral arteriosclerosis) was investigated by the Doppler ultrasonic technique. The following facts were observed. Examination of the brachial blood flow pattern in circulatory stress, i.e., hand-grasping, brachial-binding, cold- and warm-stimulating tests revealed that the more the peripheral vascular resistance was increased, the more was the discontinuity of brachial blood flow pattern increased. Investigation of the continuity of the cerebral blood flow pattern (internal carotid artery) in 18 young healthy persons and 46 elderly patients with cerebral vascular diseases revealed a continuous pattern in all of the young persons, while the discontinuous pattern was frequently observed in the elderly patients. These findings suggest that the cerebral vascular resistance is more increased in the elderly patients than in the young persons. The cerebral blood flow pattern was classified into the following three types according to the continuity of the cerebral blood flow pattern: continuous, intermediate and discontinuous type, and the relation to the Continuous Index (CI), which was devised as an objective parameter of the continuity, was examined. The following CI figures were obtained: 110-200% in the young persons; in the elderly patients: continuous type, 120-185%; intermediate type, 85-135%; discontinuous type, 50-85%. From the above findings it is postulated that the Doppler ultrasonic technique is useful for the quantitative detection of cerebral arteriosclerosis, i.e., anticipation of cerebral vascular accidents, and for the discrimination between arteriosclerotic dementia and Alzheimer's disease. PMID:3525327

  12. Are we near to an effective drug treatment for bronchiolitis obliterans?

    OpenAIRE

    Verleden, Geert; Vos, Robin; Dupont, Lieven; Van Raemdonck, Dirk; Vanaudenaerde, Bart; Verleden, Stijn

    2014-01-01

    Lung transplantation remains the only effective therapeutic option for well-selected patients with end-stage (cardio) pulmonary diseases such as emphysema, cystic fibrosis, lung fibrosis and pulmonary arterial hypertension. Although the results have improved lately, the long-term survival is still far behind other organ transplantations. This is mainly due to the development of chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD), with bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) being the most frequent manifestation ...

  13. Increased Respiratory Disease Mortality at a Microwave Popcorn Production Facility with Worker Risk of Bronchiolitis Obliterans

    OpenAIRE

    Halldin, Cara N; Eva Suarthana; Kathleen B Fedan; Yi-Chun Lo; George Turabelidze; Kathleen Kreiss

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Bronchiolitis obliterans, an irreversible lung disease, was first associated with inhalation of butter flavorings (diacetyl) in workers at a microwave popcorn company. Excess rates of lung-function abnormalities were related to cumulative diacetyl exposure. Because information on potential excess mortality would support development of permissible exposure limits for diacetyl, we investigated respiratory-associated mortality during 2000-2011 among current and former workers at this...

  14. Bronchiolitis obliterans after allo-SCT: clinical criteria and treatment options

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uhlving, H H; Buchvald, F; Heilmann, C J;

    2012-01-01

    Bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) following allogeneic haematopoietic SCT (HSCT) is a serious complication affecting 1.7-26% of the patients, with a reported mortality rate of 21-100%. It is considered a manifestation of chronic graft-versus-host disease, but our knowledge of aetiology and pathogenes...... treatment options for BO and presents the treatment results with HDPM in a paediatric national HSCT-cohort.Bone Marrow Transplantation advance online publication, 29 August 2011; doi:10.1038/bmt.2011.161....

  15. Bilateral pulmonary nodules in an adult patient with bronchiolitis obliterans-organising pneumonia

    OpenAIRE

    Kopanakis, Antonios; Golias, Christos; Patentalakis, Michalis; Mermigkis, Christos; Charalabopoulos, Alexandros; Peschos, Dimitrios; Batistatou, Anna; Charalabopoulos, Konstantinos

    2009-01-01

    A 58-year-old male ex-smoker was admitted to hospital because of nodular infiltrates on chest x rays. He was complaining of fatigue, dyspnoea with exertion, low grade fever and weight loss. Physical examination was unremarkable. Bronchoscopy was inconclusive but revealed endobronchial lesions of chronic active inflammation. The diagnosis of cryptogenic organising pneumonitis bronchiolitis obliterans-organising pneumonia (COP-BOOP) was established by open lung biopsy. Proliferative bronchiolit...

  16. A randomised controlled trial of azithromycin therapy in bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) post lung transplantation

    OpenAIRE

    Corris, Paul A; Ryan, Victoria A; Small, Therese; Lordan, James; Fisher, Andrew J.; Meachery, Gerard; Johnson, Gail; Ward, Chris

    2015-01-01

    Background We conducted a placebo-controlled trial of azithromycin therapy in bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) post lung transplantation. Methods We compared azithromycin (250 mg alternate days, 12 weeks) with placebo. Primary outcome was FEV1 change at 12 weeks. Results 48 patients were randomised; (25 azithromycin, 23 placebo). It was established, post randomisation that two did not have BOS. 46 patients were analysed as intention to treat (ITT) with 33 ‘Completers’. ITT analysis inc...

  17. Extensive balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) involving the anterior urethra and scrotum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Iqbal; Ansari, M S

    2006-01-01

    We describe an unusual case of balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) involving the entire anterior urethra and the scrotum that had presented as a palpable nodular scrotal mass with obstructive voiding symptoms in middle aged man. He was managed by a staged urethroplasty. We report the first such case of BXO involving the scrotum resulting in a nodular mass that has not been described and reported till date. PMID:17180441

  18. Detection of human papillomavirus types in balanitis xerotica obliterans and other penile conditions.

    OpenAIRE

    Lau, P W; Cook, N.; Andrews, H.; Bracka, A; Myint, S H

    1995-01-01

    OBJECTIVES--To determine the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6, 11, 16 and 18 in foreskin biopsies from patients with balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) and other penile conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS--Foreskin biopsy specimens from 24 patients with penile lesions and 5 control patients were analysed by type-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR). RESULTS--HPV6 or HPV16 were not detected in patients with BXO. HPV6 was detected in 2 controls. CONCLUSIONS--Genital papilloma...

  19. Ventilation/Perfusion Scintigraphy in Children with Post-Infectious Bronchiolitis Obliterans: A Pilot Study

    OpenAIRE

    Xie, Bo-Qia; Wang, Wei; Zhang, Wen-Qian; Guo, Xin-Hua; Yang, Min-Fu; Wang, Li; He, Zuo-Xiang; Tian, Yue-Qin

    2014-01-01

    Purpose Childhood post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) is an infrequent lung disease leading to narrowing and/or complete obliteration of small airways. Ventilation and perfusion (V/Q) scan can provide both regional and global pulmonary information. However, only few retrospective researches investigating post-infectious BO involved V/Q scan, the clinical value of this method is unknown. This preliminary prospective study was aimed to evaluate the correlation of V/Q scan with disease...

  20. The relationship between C-reactive protein and subclinical carotid arteriosclerosis in military pilots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovelić Aleksandra

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Inflammation plays a key role in the physiopathology of arteriosclerosis. C-reactive protein (CRP and common carotid artery intima-media thickness are independent predictors of cardiovascular events and diabetes mellitus in apparently healthy men, but relationship between them is not fully elucidated. The aim of the study was to assess the cross-sectional relationship between CRP and cardiovascular risk factors with common carotid artery intima-media thickness in military pilots as representatives of healthy men. Methods. We studied 161 military pilots (age 38 ± 6 years free of cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. Traditional and metabolic risk factors were determined. Plasma CRP was measured by immunonephelometry. The common carotid artery intima-media thickness was measured by ultrasonography in the posterior wall of both common carotid arteries. Results. A total of 66.5% subjects had common carotid artery intima-media thickness > 0.9 mm (p < 0.01. The mean CRP plasma concentration was significantly higher in the subjects with common carotid artery intima- media thickness > 0.9 mm than in those with common carotid artery intima-media thickness ≤ 0.9 mm. In a simple regression analysis age adjusted CRP was associated with common carotid artery intima-media thickness (β = 0.285, p < 0.01, and only high density lipoprotein cholesterol was not associated with common carotid artery intima-media thickness. The association between CRP and common carotid artery intima-media thickness remained highly significant after controlling for body mass index, blood pressure, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, glycosylated hemoglobin and smoking (p < 0.01. Controlling for glucose, triglycerides to high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio, and total cholesterol to high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio resulted in some reduction in the strength of the association, but including waist

  1. Acute cytomegalovirus infection induces a subendothelial inflammation (endothelialitis) in the allograft vascular wall. A possible linkage with enhanced allograft arteriosclerosis.

    OpenAIRE

    Koskinen, P.; Lemström, K.; Bruggeman, C; Lautenschlager, I.; Häyry, P

    1994-01-01

    Clinical and experimental studies have established the accelerating role of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection on cardiac allograft arteriosclerosis, ie, chronic rejection. We have investigated the mechanisms behind the interaction between CMV infection and chronic rejection. In the first part of the study, 762 endomyocardial biopsy specimens obtained from 47 heart allograft recipients were analyzed. Of these, 28 patients developed CMV infection during the first postoperative year. In 24 of 28 C...

  2. Papel de los macrófagos en la patogénesis de la arteriosclerosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quintana Varón María del Pilar

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available La arteriosclerosis es una enfermedad inflamatoria que es responsable del 50% de las muertes del mundo
    occidental por desencadenar complicaciones coronarias graves. Se produce por la acumulación excesiva de
    colesterol proveniente del torrente sanguíneo en la íntima arterial de arterias medias y grandes. Los monocitos circulantes se adhieren al endotelio activado y se diferencian en macrófagos al interior de la íntima
    arterial, donde se desempeñan como recolectores del exceso de colesterol. Desde ahí liberan citoquinas,
    proteasas, especies reactivas de oxigeno y factores de crecimiento que potencian la reacción inflamatoria,
    desempeñando un papel esencial en la patogénesis de la enfermedad. La población creciente de macrófagos
    eventualmente entra en apoptosis y necrosis, haciendo cada vez más grande e inestable la lesión arteriosclerótica, lo que en último momento es el detonante de las complicaciones clínicas graves que pueden terminar en la muerte del paciente.

  3. Relevance of Plasma Obestatin and Early Arteriosclerosis in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peng-ying Gu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigated the correlation between obestatin and metabolic parameters and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT in plasma of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM. We collected 103 patients aged from 60 to 83 years (69.26 ± 5.83 years form January, 2007 to May, 2009. All patients were divided into normal glucose tolerance (NGT, impaired glucose tolerance (IGT, and T2DM according to the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT. We found that higher levels of fasting insulin (Fins, fasting blood glucose, 2 h OGTT glucose, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, glycated haemoglobin, and C-reactive protein (CRP, as well as lower obestatin level and higher intima-media thickness level (IMT, existed in T2DM group compared with NGT group and IGT group (P<0.01. Also, obestatin level was independently associated with HOMA-IR and CRP, while IMT level was independently associated with HOMA-IR, triglyceride, Fins, and obestatin (P<0.01, based on stepwise multiple regression analysis. Therefore, we deduced that the low level of plasma obestatin might be related to early arteriosclerosis in patients with T2DM via increasing IMT level, and elevated plasma obestatin levels might protect T2DM patients against carotid atherosclerosis to some extent.

  4. Clinical studies of cerebral arteriosclerosis in diabetic subjects. Analysis with brain MRI study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to investigate the clinical characteristics of cerebral arteriosclerosis in diabetic subjects, brain MRI studies were conducted in diabetic patients and healthy subjects. The subjects were 93 diabetic patients without symptoms and signs of cerebral infarction (49 males and 44 females) with a mean age of 59 years and 73 healthy subjects (43 males and 30 females) with a mean age of 57 years. The MRI studies were performed on a General Electric 1.5-T signa system. The spin-echo technique (T2-weighted image) was used with a pulse repetition time (TR) of 2,500 msec and echo time (TE) of 80 msec. The quantitative evaluation of cerebral infarction was assessed using personal computer and image-scanner. By MRI, the incidence of cerebral infarction in diabetic patients was significantly higher than that in healthy subjects (30.1% vs. 13.7%, respectively, p<0.05). The mean age of the diabetic patients with cerebral infarctions was higher than that of those without cerebral infarctions. Hypertension and diabetic nephropathy were present more frequently in the subjects with cerebral infarctions. These data suggest that it is important to delay the onset and slow the progression of cerebral infarction in diabetic patients by strict blood glucose control and management of blood pressure. (author)

  5. Lung transplantation: does oxidative stress contribute to the development of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madill, Janet; Aghdassi, Ellie; Arendt, Bianca; Hartman-Craven, Brenda; Gutierrez, Carlos; Chow, Chung-Wai; Allard, Johane

    2009-04-01

    Lung transplantation is the ultimate treatment of end-stage lung disease. After transplantation, the 1-year survival rate is 80%. However, 5-year survival rates drop to 50% due to bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). Ischemia/reperfusion injury, infections, and acute rejection are major risk factors contributing to the development of BOS. These risk factors are also associated with increased oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is a condition whereby prooxidants overwhelm the antioxidant defense system and may contribute to the pathogenesis of BOS by inducing more tissue injury and inflammation. This article reviews the current state of knowledge on oxidative stress in lung transplantation and BOS. PMID:19298941

  6. Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia after radiation therapy for lung cancer: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falcinelli, Lorenzo; Bellavita, Rita; Rebonato, Alberto; Chiari, Rita; Vannucci, Jacopo; Puma, Francesco; Aristei, Cynthia

    2015-01-01

    Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP), also known as cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, has mainly been described in patients with breast cancer who received radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery. In this rare case, a 70-year-old man with left apical squamous lung cancer developed BOOP after radiotherapy and only one cycle of concomitant chemotherapy.This case report draws attention to the development of this syndrome in the unusual setting of lung cancer, advising prompt steroid treatment when diagnostic images reveal the characteristic signs of the disease. PMID:25908030

  7. Radiological findings in seven patients of bronchiolitis obliterans with organized pneumonia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present seven patients, five women and two men, between 40 and 71 years old, who were diagnosed between 1983 and 1993 as having bronchiolitis obliterans with organized pneumonia (BOOP). Five of the patients were treated at Hospital Virgen del Rocio and two at Hospital Nuestra Se=A4ora de Valme. The histological, clinical and radiological features are described. All the patients responded favorable to corticosteroid therapy, and there have been no recurrences. We point out the predominance of patchy alveolar infiltrates which, in three cases proved to be migratory. We analyze the computerized tomography (CT) findings in three patients, comparing our observations with those reported in the literature. (Author)

  8. Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) after thoracic radiotherapy for breast carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Common complications of thoracic radiotherapy include esophagitis and radiation pneumonitis. However, it is important to be aware of uncommon post-radiotherapy complications such as bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP). We report on two patients with carcinoma of the breast who developed an interstitial lung disease consistent with BOOP. BOOP responds to treatment with corticosteroids and the prognosis is generally good despite of the need for long-term administration of corticosteroids as relapses can occur during tapering of steroids. This report provides guidelines for the evaluation and treatment of patients with pulmonary infiltrates after radiotherapy

  9. Preferentially affected sites of cerebral arteriosclerosis in vascular dementia of Binswanger type. A study of MRI and MR angiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    MRI and MR angiography (MRA) were analyzed to evaluate the preferential sites of cerebral arteriosclerosis in 129 normal controls and 27 patients with vascular dementia of Binswanger type (BVD; mean age 75.0 years). Small vessel disease, indicated as advanced high intensity areas on T2-weighted MRI, increased with advancing age, while large vessel sclerosis detected with MRA did not increase after the age of 80 years. Large vessel sclerosis was not always accompanied with advanced high intensity areas. Large vessel sclerosis was found in 12 (44.4%) of 27 patients with BVD, and was as common as that of the controls of the eighth decade. Large vessel sclerosis was frequently seen in the cases suffering from BVD below 70 years of age or with hypertension. In conclusion, patients with BVD develop cerebral arteriosclerosis more preferentially in the small vessels rather than the large vessels especially in aged cases, of which incidence is similar to that of the normal controls over 80 years of age. (author)

  10. Biopsy-verified bronchiolitis obliterans and other noninfectious lung pathologies after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uhlving, Hilde Hylland; Andersen, Claus B; Christensen, Ib Jarle;

    2015-01-01

    Bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) is a serious complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Lung biopsy is the gold standard for diagnosis. This study describes the course of BO and assesses the congruity between biopsy-verified BO and a modified version of the National...... Institutes of Health's consensus criteria for BO syndrome (BOS) based exclusively on noninvasive measures. We included 44 patients transplanted between 2000 and 2010 who underwent lung biopsy for suspected BO. Of those, 23 were diagnosed with BO and 21 presented other noninfectious pulmonary pathologies...... vital capacity, and maximal mid-expiratory flow throughout follow-up, but there was no difference in the change in pulmonary function from the time of lung biopsy. The BO diagnosis was not associated with poorer overall survival. Fifty-two percent of patients with biopsy-verified BO and 24% of patients...

  11. Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia: Pathogenesis, clinical features, imaging and therapy review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al-Ghanem Sara

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP was first described in the early 1980s as a clinicopathologic syndrome characterized symptomatically by subacute or chronic respiratory illness and histopathologically by the presence of granulation tissue in the bronchiolar lumen, alveolar ducts and some alveoli, associated with a variable degree of interstitial and airspace infiltration by mononuclear cells and foamy macrophages. Persons of all ages can be affected. Dry cough and shortness of breath of 2 weeks to 2 months in duration usually characterizes BOOP. Symptoms persist despite antibiotic therapy. On imaging, air space consolidation can be indistinguishable from chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP, interstitial pneumonitis (acute, nonspecific and usual interstitial pneumonitis, neoplasm, inflammation and infection. The definitive diagnosis is achieved by tissue biopsy. Patients with BOOP respond favorably to treatment with steroids.

  12. Vacuum-compression therapy for ischemic disease of the extremities:experience with 40 patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Objective To study the clinical effects of vacuum-compression therapy for ischemic disease of the extremities. Methods A total of 40 cases of peripheral arterial disorders,including 23 thromboangiitis obliterans (31 limbs) and 17 arteriosclerosis obliterans (23 limbs),were treated by a self-made vacuum-compression therapeutic apparatus. Results The effective rate in thromboangiitis obliterans and arteriosclerosis obliterans groups was 96.77% and 92.23%,respectively. The cuffs on the apparatus were improved ...

  13. The impact of stent implantation on the patency rate of femoropopliteal artery after subintimal angioplasty for occlusive arteriosclerosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To assess the impact of stent implantation on the patency rate of femoropopliteal artery after subintimal angioplasty for occlusive arteriosclerosis. Methods: During the period from January 2007 to May 2009, a total of 43 patients with occlusive femoropopliteal arteriosclerosis (43 diseased legs) were treated in authors' hospital. Of the 43 patients, simple percutaneous subintimal angioplasty was performed in 24 (non-stent group), while percutaneous subintimal angioplasty with subsequent stent implantation was carried out in the remaining 19 (stent group). After the treatment, CTA or Doppler ultrasonic examination was performed to check the results. Interventional therapy was respected in some cases who developed restenosis. Results: The 12-month limb salvage rate was 98%. Perioperative minor complications occurred in 7% of patients (3/43). Two-year mortality rate was 7% (3/43). During the follow-up period, arterial restenosis or occlusion occurred in 22 cases. Three cases in non-stent group developed arterial occlusion within one month after the treatment. Repeated interventional procedure was carried out for 12 diseased legs. The primary patency rates of non-stent group at 6, 12 and 24 months were (83.3±7.6)%, (74.0±9.2)% and (56.1±13.5)%, respectively, while those of stent group were (89.5±7.0)%, (77.5±9.9)% and (32.2±16.6)%, respectively. The primary assisted patency rates at 12 and 24 months in non-stent group were (90.9±6.1)% and (64.2±14.7)%, respectively, while those in stent group were (94.4±5.4)% and (39.0±15.90%, respectively. The difference in both the primary patency rate and primary assisted patency rate between the two groups were of no significance (P>0.05). Cox-regression analysis indicated that the number of patent distal vessels, the type of femoropopliteal occlusive diseases and the history of smoking bore a close relationship to the two-year primary patency rate after subintimal angioplasty (r=-4.417, 2.502, 3.115; SX=1

  14. Lipoprotein binding to anionic biopolyelectrolytes and the effect of glucose on nanoplaque formation in arteriosclerosis and Alzheimer's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegel, G; Mockenhaupt, F H M E; Behnke, A-L; Ermilov, E; Winkler, K; Pries, A R; Malmsten, M; Hetzer, R; Saunders, R; Lindman, B

    2016-06-01

    Arteriosclerosis with its clinical sequelae (cardiac infarction, stroke, peripheral arterial occlusive disease) and vascular/Alzheimer dementia not only result in far more than half of all deaths but also represent dramatic economic problems. The reason is, among others, that diabetes mellitus is an independent risk factor for both disorders, and the number of diabetics strongly increases worldwide. More than one-half of infants in the first 6months of life have already small collections of macrophages and macrophages filled with lipid droplets in susceptible segments of the coronary arteries. On the other hand, the authors of the Bogalusa Heart Study found a strong increase in the prevalence of obesity in childhood that is paralleled by an increase in blood pressure, blood lipid concentration, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Thus, there is a clear linkage between arteriosclerosis/Alzheimer's disease on the one hand and diabetes mellitus on the other hand. Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that distinct apoE isoforms on the blood lipids further both arteriosclerotic and Alzheimer nanoplaque formation and therefore impair flow-mediated vascular reactivity as well. Nanoplaque build-up seems to be the starting point for arteriosclerosis and Alzheimer's disease in their later full clinical manifestation. In earlier work, we could portray the anionic biopolyelectrolytes syndecan/perlecan as blood flow sensors and lipoprotein receptors in cell membrane and vascular matrix. We described extensively molecular composition, conformation, form and function of the macromolecule heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HS-PG). In two supplementary experimental settings (ellipsometry, myography), we utilized isolated HS-PG for in vitro nanoplaque investigations and isolated human coronary artery segments for in vivo tension measurements. With the ellipsometry-based approach, we were successful in establishing a direct connection on a molecular level between diabetes mellitus on the one

  15. Treatment of urethral strictures in balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) using circular buccal mucosal meatoplasy: Experience of 15 cases

    OpenAIRE

    Abdulmuttalip Simsek; Sinasi Yavuz Onol; Omer Kurt

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: Balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) related strictures involving the external urethral meatus. We reviewed our result with the use of circular mucosal graft in the reconstruction of strictures. Methods: Between March 1997 and January 2012, 15 patients underwent circular buccal mucosal urethroplasy for BXO related anterior urethral strictures. Urethral catheter was removed within 2 weeks. Follow-up included patient symptoms assessment, cosmetic outcome and uroflowmetry. Results: Me...

  16. The Origin of Neointimal Smooth Muscle Cells in Transplant Arteriosclerosis from Recipient Bone-marrow Cells in Rat Aortic Allograft

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SONG Zifang; LI Wei; ZHENG Qichang; SHANG Dan; SHU Xiaogang; GUAN Siming

    2007-01-01

    In order to investigate the origin of neointimal smooth muscle cells in transplant arteriosclerosis in rat aortic allograft, sex-mismatched bone marrow transplantation was performed from male Wistar rats to female Wistar rats. Four weeks after transplantation, the aortic transplant model was established by means of micro-surgery in rats. The recipients were divided into 4 groups: female Wistar-female Wistar aortic isografts, female SD-female Wistar aortic allografts, male SD-male Wistar aortic allografts, female SD-chimera Wistar aortic allografts. Eight weeks after transplantation, aortic grafts were removed at autopsy and processed for histological evaluation and immunohistochemistry. The results indicated that excessive accumulation of α-SMA-positive smooth muscle cells resulted in significant neointima formation and vascular lumen stricture in rat aortic allografts.Neointima assay revealed that the neointimal area and NIA/MA ratio of transplanted artery were significantly increased in all of aortic allograft groups as compared with those in aortic isograft group (P<0.01). Neointimal smooth muscle cells were harvested from cryostat sections of aortic allograft by microdissection method. The Sry gene-specific PCR was performed, and the result showed that a distinct DNA band of 225 bp emerged in the male-male aortic allograft group and chimera aortic allograft group respectively, but not in the female-female aortic allograft group. It was suggested that recipient bone-marrow cells, as the origin of neointimal smooth muscle cells, contributed to the pathological neointimal hyperplasia of aortic allograft and transplant arteriosclerosis.

  17. Thromboangiitis obliterans

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... hands and feet get cold or during emotional stress. Pain in the legs , ankles, or feet when walking (intermittent claudication). The pain is often located in the arch of the foot. Skin changes or small painful ulcers on the fingers or toes.

  18. Increased respiratory disease mortality at a microwave popcorn production facility with worker risk of bronchiolitis obliterans.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cara N Halldin

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Bronchiolitis obliterans, an irreversible lung disease, was first associated with inhalation of butter flavorings (diacetyl in workers at a microwave popcorn company. Excess rates of lung-function abnormalities were related to cumulative diacetyl exposure. Because information on potential excess mortality would support development of permissible exposure limits for diacetyl, we investigated respiratory-associated mortality during 2000-2011 among current and former workers at this company who had exposure to flavorings and participated in cross-sectional surveys conducted between 2000-2003. METHODS: We ascertained workers' vital status through a Social Security Administration search. Causes of death were abstracted from death certificates. Because bronchiolitis obliterans is not coded in the International Classification of Disease 10(th revision (ICD-10, we identified respiratory mortality decedents with ICD-10 codes J40-J44 which encompass bronchitis (J40, simple and mucopurulent chronic bronchitis (J41, unspecified chronic bronchitis (J42, emphysema (J43, and other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD (J44. We calculated expected number of deaths and standardized mortality ratios (SMRs with 95% confidence intervals (CI to determine if workers exposed to diacetyl experienced greater respiratory mortality than expected. RESULTS: We identified 15 deaths among 511 workers. Based on U.S. population estimates, 17.39 deaths were expected among these workers (SMR = 0.86; CI:0.48-1.42. Causes of death were available for 14 decedents. Four deaths among production and flavor mixing workers were documented to have a multiple cause of 'other COPD' (J44, while 0.98 'other COPD'-associated deaths were expected (SMR = 4.10; CI:1.12-10.49. Three of the 4 'other COPD'-associated deaths occurred among former workers and workers employed before the company implemented interventions reducing diacetyl exposure in 2001. CONCLUSION: Workers

  19. Two cases of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia syndrome after the radiation of breast-conserving therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Komuro, Youko; Nakagomi, Hiroshi; Akaike, Hidenori; Chiba, Shigehiro; Miyashita, Yoshihiro; Obu, S.; Yamaguchi, Motoshi; Oyama, Toshio [Yamanashi Prefectural Central Hospital, Kofu (Japan)

    2001-12-01

    Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) syndrome is a recently reported complication of the adjuvant radiotherapy of breast-conserving surgery. We report two cases of BOOP syndrome in 100 patients who underwent breast-conserving therapy. A 75 year-old woman had a cough 3 months after radiation therapy for cancer of the left breast. Chest radiography and computed tomography showed consolidation with air bronchograms in the upper left lung. Transbronchial lung biopsy showed lymphocyte infiltration and fibrosis in the alveoli. A 45-year old woman with bilateral breast cancer had a cough and palpitations for 3 month after radiation therapy for cancer of the right breast. Chest radiography and computed tomography showed consolidation in upper and middle fields of the left lung. Transbronchial lung biopsy showed granulation formation in the alveolar duct, which is a typical feature of BOOP. The symptoms and radiographic findings improved with oral administration of prednisolone. BOOP syndrome may occur as a complication of breast-conserving therapy. (author)

  20. Two cases of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia syndrome after the radiation of breast-conserving therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) syndrome is a recently reported complication of the adjuvant radiotherapy of breast-conserving surgery. We report two cases of BOOP syndrome in 100 patients who underwent breast-conserving therapy. A 75 year-old woman had a cough 3 months after radiation therapy for cancer of the left breast. Chest radiography and computed tomography showed consolidation with air bronchograms in the upper left lung. Transbronchial lung biopsy showed lymphocyte infiltration and fibrosis in the alveoli. A 45-year old woman with bilateral breast cancer had a cough and palpitations for 3 month after radiation therapy for cancer of the right breast. Chest radiography and computed tomography showed consolidation in upper and middle fields of the left lung. Transbronchial lung biopsy showed granulation formation in the alveolar duct, which is a typical feature of BOOP. The symptoms and radiographic findings improved with oral administration of prednisolone. BOOP syndrome may occur as a complication of breast-conserving therapy. (author)

  1. Two cases of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) induced radiotherapy after surgery of breast cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report two cases of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) induced radiotherapy after surgery of breast cancer. One of the patients was a 58-year-old woman. She underwent a conserving surgery for bilateral breast cancers, and received radiation therapy to the remaining part of bilateral breasts. Two months after the termination of irradiation, cough, fever and general fatigue developed. We clinically diagnosed this case as BOOP after radiation therapy. After initiation of oral steroid therapy, the clinical symptoms and radiographic findings disappeared. Another patient was a 57 year-old woman. She underwent radical mastectomy for right breast cancer. A month after the operation, she suffered from local recurrence, so radiation therapy to the thoracic wall was performed. After irradiation, resection of the thoracic wall lesion was performed because of malignancy from local skin biopsy specimen. Two months after the termination of irradiation, cough, dyspnea and fever developed. We clinically diagnosed this case as radiation-induced BOOP by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) findings. After an initiation of steroid therapy, the clinical symptoms and radiographic findings disappeared. It is important to be aware of BOOP as a complication in the patient who was given radiation after surgery of breast cancer. (author)

  2. Sauropus androgynus (L. Merr. Induced Bronchiolitis Obliterans: From Botanical Studies to Toxicology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamidun Bunawan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Sauropus androgynus L. Merr. is one of the most popular herbs in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and China where it was known as a slimming agent until two outbreaks of pulmonary dysfunction were reported in Taiwan and Japan in 1995 and 2005, respectively. Several studies described that the excessive consumption of Sauropus androgynus could cause drowsiness, constipation, and bronchiolitis obliterans and may lead to respiratory failure. Interestingly, this herb has been used in Malaysia and Indonesia in cooking and is commonly called the “multigreen” or “multivitamin” plant due to its high nutritive value and inexpensive source of dietary protein. The plant is widely used in traditional medicine for wound healing, inducing lactation, relief of urinary disorders, as an antidiabetic cure and also fever reduction. Besides these medicinal uses, the plant can also be used as colouring agent in food. This review will explore and compile the fragmented knowledge available on the botany, ethnobotany, chemical constitutes, pharmacological properties, and toxicological aspects of this plant. This comprehensive review will give readers the fundamental, comprehensive, and current knowledge regarding Sauropus androgynus L. Merr.

  3. Cell therapy in the treatment of bronchiolitis obliterans in a murine model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio de Oliveira Espinel

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the importance of stem cells derived from adipose tissue in reducing graft inflammation in a murine model of allogeneic heterotopic tracheal transplant.METHODS: We performed a heterotopic tracheal allografting in dorsal subcutaneous pouch and systemically injected 5x105 mesenchymal stem cells derived from adipose tissue. The animals were divided into two groups according to the time of sacrifice: T7 and T21. We also carried out histological analysis and digital morphometry.RESULTS: The T7 animals treated with cell therapy had median obstructed graft area of 0 versus 0.54 of controls (p = 0.635. The treated T21 subjects had median obstructed graft area of 0.25 versus 0 in controls (p = 0.041.CONCLUSION: The systemically injected cell therapy in experimental murine model of bronchiolitis obliterans did not reduce the severity of the allograft inflammation in a statistically significant way in seven days; Conversely, in 21 days, it increased the allograft inflammatory process.

  4. Oxidative stress and nutritional intakes in lung patients with bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madill, J; Aghdassi, E; Arendt, B M; Gutierrez, C; Singer, L; Chow, C-W; Keshavjee, S; Allard, J P

    2009-11-01

    Survival after lung transplantation is limited by bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). Oxidative stress (OxS) can be associated with BOS due to chronic inflammation. The type of fat and antioxidant intakes may also contribute to OxS. Our aim was to compare OxS and nutritional intakes in non-BOS versus various stages of BOS. Fifty-eight lung recipients with versus without BOS were prospectively classified as: non-BOS; BOS Op-1 (mild), and BOS 2-3 (severe). We measured nutritional intake and plasma vitamins A, C, and E. Among a subgroup of 37 patients, OxS was assessed by measuring lipid peroxidation (LPO micromol/L MDA) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) in bronchoalveolar lavage BAL fluid (BALF). One-way analysis of variance was used to compare groups. Results are reported as mean values +/- standard errors of the mean. There was no significant difference in demographic features on time posttransplant among groups. Although there were comparable cell counts in BALF, severe BOS patients showed significantly higher BALF LPO concentrations when compared with milder stage of BOS or with non-BOS (P = .001, for both). Severe BOS recipients also displayed higher BALF GSSG concentrations compared to milder stage of BOS (P = .001) or non-BOS (P = .007). In conclusion, patients with severe BOS were more oxidatively stressed compared with mild and non-BOS recipients. PMID:19917398

  5. Can acute interstitial pneumonia be differentiated from bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia by high-resolution CT?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the early stages, clinical and chest radiographic findings of acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP) are often similar to those of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP). However, patients with AIP have a poor prognosis, while those with BOOP can achieve a complete recovery after corticosteroid therapy. The objective of this study was to identify differences in high-resolution CT (HRCT) findings between the two diseases. The study included 27 patients with AIP and 14 with BOOP who were histologically diagnosed [open-lung biopsy (n=7), autopsy (n=17), transbronchial lung biopsy (n=17)]. The frequency and distribution of various HRCT findings for each disease were retrospectively evaluated. Traction bronchiectasis, interlobular septal thickening, and intralobular reticular opacities were significantly more prevalent in AIP (92.6%, 85.2%, and 59.3%, respectively) than in BOOP (42.9%, 35.7%, and 14.3%, respectively) (p<0.01). Parenchymal nodules and peripheral distribution were more prevalent in BOOP (28.6% and 57.1%, respectively) than in AIP (7.4% and 14.8%, respectively) (p<0.01). Areas with ground-glass attenuation, air-space consolidation, and architectural distortion were common in both AIP and BOOP. For a differential diagnosis of AIP and BOOP, special attention should be given to the following HRCT findings: traction bronchiectasis, interlobular septal thickening, intralobular reticular opacities, parenchymal nodules, pleural effusion, and peripheral zone predominance. (author)

  6. Oxygen-sensitive {sup 3}He-MRI in bronchiolitis obliterans after lung transplantation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gast, Klaus K. [Klinikum der Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Klinik und Poliklinik fuer diagnostische und interventionelle Radiologie, Mainz (Germany); Biedermann, Alexander [Klinikum der Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, 3. Medizinische Klinik, Pulmonologie, Mainz (Germany); Herweling, Annette [Klinikum der Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Klinik fuer Anaesthesiologie, Mainz (Germany); Schreiber, Wolfgang G. [Klinikum der Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Klinik und Poliklinik fuer diagnostische und interventionelle Radiologie, MR-Physik, Mainz (Germany); Schmiedeskamp, Joerg [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Polymerforschung, Mainz (Germany); Mayer, Eckhard [Klinikum der Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Klinik fuer Herz-, Thorax- und Gefaesschirurgie, Mainz (Germany); Heussel, Claus P. [Abteilung fuer Radiologie, Thoraxklinik Heidelberg, Heidelberg (Germany); Markstaller, Klaus; Eberle, Balthasar [Inselspital/Universitaetsspital, Klinik fuer Anaesthesiologie, Bern (Switzerland); Kauczor, Hans-Ulrich [Radiologie, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum (DKFZ), Heidelberg (Germany)

    2008-03-15

    Oxygen-sensitive {sup 3}He-MRI was studied for the detection of differences in intrapulmonary oxygen partial pressure (pO{sub 2}) between patients with normal lung transplants and those with bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). Using software developed in-house, oxygen-sensitive {sup 3}He-MRI datasets from patients with normal lung grafts (n = 8) and with BOS (n = 6) were evaluated quantitatively. Datasets were acquired on a 1.5-T system using a spoiled gradient echo pulse sequence. Underlying diseases were pulmonary emphysema (n = 10 datasets) and fibrosis (n = 4). BOS status was verified by pulmonary function tests. Additionally, {sup 3}He-MRI was assessed blindedly for ventilation defects. Median intrapulmonary pO{sub 2} in patients with normal lung grafts was 146 mbar compared with 108 mbar in patients with BOS. Homogeneity of pO2 distribution was greater in normal grafts (standard deviation pO2 34 versus 43 mbar). Median oxygen decrease rate during breath hold was higher in unaffected patients (-1.75 mbar/s versus -0.38 mbar/s). Normal grafts showed fewer ventilation defects (5% versus 28%, medians). Oxygen-sensitive {sup 3}He-MRI appears capable of demonstrating differences of intrapulmonary pO2 between normal lung grafts and grafts affected by BOS. Oxygen-sensitive {sup 3}He-MRI may add helpful regional information to other diagnostic techniques for the assessment and follow-up of lung transplant recipients. (orig.)

  7. Biopsy-verified bronchiolitis obliterans and other noninfectious lung pathologies after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uhlving, Hilde Hylland; Andersen, Claus B; Christensen, Ib Jarle; Gormsen, Magdalena; Pedersen, Karen Damgaard; Buchvald, Frederik; Heilmann, Carsten; Nielsen, Kim Gjerum; Mortensen, Jann; Moser, Claus; Sengeløv, Henrik; Müller, Klaus Gottlob

    2015-03-01

    Bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) is a serious complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Lung biopsy is the gold standard for diagnosis. This study describes the course of BO and assesses the congruity between biopsy-verified BO and a modified version of the National Institutes of Health's consensus criteria for BO syndrome (BOS) based exclusively on noninvasive measures. We included 44 patients transplanted between 2000 and 2010 who underwent lung biopsy for suspected BO. Of those, 23 were diagnosed with BO and 21 presented other noninfectious pulmonary pathologies, such as cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, diffuse alveolar damage, interstitial pneumonia, and nonspecific interstitial fibrosis. Compared with patients with other noninfectious pulmonary pathologies, BO patients had significantly lower values of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), FEV1/forced vital capacity, and maximal mid-expiratory flow throughout follow-up, but there was no difference in the change in pulmonary function from the time of lung biopsy. The BO diagnosis was not associated with poorer overall survival. Fifty-two percent of patients with biopsy-verified BO and 24% of patients with other noninfectious pulmonary pathology fulfilled the BOS criteria. Pathological BO diagnosis was not superior to BOS criteria in predicting decrease in pulmonary function beyond the time of biopsy. A lung biopsy may provide a characterization of pathological patterns that can extend our knowledge on the pathophysiology of HSCT-related lung diseases. PMID:25498923

  8. [Topical therapy of balanitis xerotica obliterans in childhood. Long-term clinical results and an overview].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebert, A-K; Vogt, T; Rösch, W H

    2007-12-01

    Balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) is a chronic and progressive dermatitis of unknown aetiology and incidence. Its management in childhood is controversial. Although in most cases only the prepuce is affected, meatal and urethral involvement may lead to major surgical reconstruction. Therefore complete surgical excision of the affected skin is considered to be mandatory. In case of involvement, incidental histological evidence or a relapse, or when complete removal of the affected skin is not possible, a topical therapy should be implemented. In a retrospective analysis of our study population (13 children) with BXO, relapse rate was lower after topical therapy with tacrolimus (Protopic), a highly selective immune modulator, than after the standard anti-inflammatory therapy with betamethasone. The use of tacrolimus ointment is a safe therapy with no severe side effects. Due to the fact that there are no predictive factors for progression or relapse of BXO, we consider a topical anti-inflammatory therapy is always indicated after any type of surgery for BXO. Follow-up monitoring should be close, so that any relapse can be detected and treated as early as possible. PMID:17994212

  9. Long standing balanitis xerotica obliterans resulting in renal impairment in a child.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandler, Gideon; Patrick, Emily; Cass, Danny

    2008-08-01

    Balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) is the most common cause of pathological phimosis in boys. Presented here is the case of a previously well 13-year-old boy who developed obstructive renal impairment (serum creatinine = 190 micromol/l) at least in part from phimosis due to BXO. A circumcision and, 2.5 months later, meatal dilatation were done. Nine months after his initial presentation, his serum creatinine returned to a permanently elevated nadir of 119 mumol/l. Presentation with the complications of phimosis can be delayed in teenage boys because they may feel embarrassed to come forward. Circumcision remains the definitive treatment of BXO induced phimosis though if the penile meatus is involved, more complex surgery is sometimes required. Topical steroids are useful for residual disease. Follow-up is very important due to the frequent involvement of the skin of the glans. In the very long term there is an increased chance of penile malignancy, which can occur even after circumcision. PMID:18587589

  10. [Balanitis xerotica obliterans with phimosis in elderly patients presenting with difficulty in urination].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemoto, Kaoru; Ishidate, Takuzo

    2013-06-01

    Eight elderly patients (average age 76.1±4.3 years) with balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) accompanied by phimosis presented with difficulty in urination. Preoperative average international prostate symptom score, average maximum urinary flow rate, and average volume of residual urine were 20.7±6.3 points (n=8), 5.1±3.6 ml/s (n=5), and 85.4±77.3 ml (n=8), respectively. Some of the patient's complaints, such as severe dribbling of urine, urinary stream division, and ballooning of the foreskin, were not included in the items of the major questionnaire on urination. Dorsal incision and circumcision was performed in all patients, and all were pathologically diagnosed with BXO. Meatoplasty was performed in one patient with a meatal stenosis. No coexistence of penile cancer was observed. Statistically significant improvements were observed in subjective and objective findings after treatment. In conclusion, BXO with phimosis in elderly patients should be considered as a cause of lower urinary tract symptoms. PMID:23827865

  11. Secondary bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia during treatment of chronic hepatitis C: role of pegylated interferon alfa-2a

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronaldo Soares Martins

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The treatment of chronic hepatitis C has frequent side effects such as cytopenias and neuropsychiatric symptoms. However, pulmonary toxicity associated with interferon is rarely described. This paper describes the clinical case of a 67-year-old female patient with chronic hepatitis C who presented an acute onset of dry cough, dyspnoea, and fever 36 weeks after the use of pegylated interferon alfa-2a and ribavirin. The lung biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of a bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP. Corticotherapy was initiated, with clinical and radiological improvement. This paper aims to advise physicians to this occasional, though severe, adverse event related to hepatitis C virus (HCV treatment.

  12. Skin phototype and local trauma in the onset of balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) in circumcised patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villa, Massimo; Dragonetti, Emanuele; Grande, Michele; Bove, Pierluigi; Sansalone, Salvatore; Rulli, Francesco; Tambucci, Roberto; Tucci, Gianfranco; Baldi, Alfonso

    2012-01-01

    The association between balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) and skin disorders is long established, however, the role of skin phototype and local trauma in its onset has never been investigated in detail. Medical records of all Caucasian children circumcised over a 6-year period were reviewed. The excised skin underwent histological examination for BXO. Children with histological diagnosis of BXO were classified as group A, whereas children without histological diagnosis of BXO were classified as group B. The Fitzpatrick phototype (FT) was obtained in all children performing a personal or family interview with regards to their sunburn and suntan experience. According to their FT, both group A and B patients were divided into two subgroups: FT 1-2, with a higher tendency to sunburn due to their low skin melanin content; and FT 3-4 with a higher tendency to tan due to their higher skin melanin content. Maneuvers of mechanical reduction of the foreskin (MRF) performed at least 5-10 times per month during the year preceding circumcision was also considered. Statistical analysis was performed using univariate and multivariate analysis. A total of 297 patients met the inclusion criteria of our study: 78 patients were classified as group A and 219 as group B. The risk of developing BXO was significantly greater in FT 1-2 patients (n=76) (odd ratio=0.232, 95% confidence interval=0.124-0.435, p<0.0001). Furthermore, those undergoing MRF (n=131) had a significantly higher risk of developing BXO (odds ratio= 5.344, 95% confidence interval=2.860-9.987, p<0.0001). Although the foreskin is not directly exposed to sunlight, this study emphasizes the role of skin phototype on the onset of BXO in circumcised individuals. Moreover, the data produced suggest should the advantages of repeated MRF be weighed against the increased risk of developing BXO, which in turn may increase complication rate of circumcision surgery. PMID:22210729

  13. Absence of arteriosclerosis in intramyocardial coronary arteries: a mystery to be solved? Ausência de arteriosclerose na porção intramiocárdica das artérias coronárias: um mistério a ser resolvido?

    OpenAIRE

    Edvaldo Luiz Ramalli Jr; Leonardo Henrique Braga; Patricia Martinez Evora; Agnes Afrodite Sumarelli Albuquerque; Andrea Carla Celotto; André Lupp Mota; Paulo Roberto Barbosa Evora

    2011-01-01

    Several studies show that portions of intramyocardial coronary arteries are spared of arteriosclerosis, involving morphological, embryological, biochemical and pathophysiological aspects. Endothelial function is significantly affected in the segment of transition, as estimated by the vasoactive response to Ach. These findings suggest that myocardial bridge can provide protection against arteriosclerosis by counteracting the negative effects of endothelial dysfunction. The intramyocardial port...

  14. Acute cellular rejection is a risk factor for bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome independent of post-transplant baseline FEV1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burton, C.M.; Iversen, M.; Carlsen, J.;

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Post-transplant baseline forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV(1)) constitutes a systematic bias in analyses of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). This retrospective study evaluates risk factors for BOS adjusting for the confounding of post-transplant baseline FEV(1). METHODS......: A multivariate survival and competing risk analysis of a large consecutive series of patients (n = 389) from a national center 1992 to 2004. Exclusion criteria were patients not surviving at least 3 months after transplantation (n = 39) and no available lung function measurements (n = 4). RESULTS......: The first maximum FEV(1) occurred at a median 183 days post-transplant. Freedom from BOS was 81%, 53%, 38% and 15%, and cumulative incidence of BOS was 18%, 43%, 57% and 77% at 1, 3, 5 and 10 years post-transplantation, respectively. Acute cellular rejection was independently associated with an...

  15. Treatment of urethral strictures in balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO using circular buccal mucosal meatoplasy: Experience of 15 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulmuttalip Simsek

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO related strictures involving the external urethral meatus. We reviewed our result with the use of circular mucosal graft in the reconstruction of strictures. Methods: Between March 1997 and January 2012, 15 patients underwent circular buccal mucosal urethroplasy for BXO related anterior urethral strictures. Urethral catheter was removed within 2 weeks. Follow-up included patient symptoms assessment, cosmetic outcome and uroflowmetry. Results: Median follow-up was 20.5 months (range 4 to 96. Mean postoperative peak urinary flow rate obtained 1 month after catheter removal was 22.4 ml per second. All patients had a normal meatus and none had recurrent stricture, chordee or erectile dysfunction. A functional and cosmetic outcome was achieved in 100% of the patients. Conclusions: Circular mucosal graft technique for treatment of meatal strictures is an efficient method for the restoration of a functional and cosmetic penis.

  16. Clinical investigation of predictors of radiation-induced bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia syndrome after breast-conserving therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We investigated 710 patients with breast cancer who received radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery at our institution to evaluate the incidence of radiation-induced bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) syndrome focusing on the interval from irradiation to onset and the clinical presentation. The predictive value of age (≤50 or >50), chemotherapy and hormone therapy was statistically analyzed to determine whether these are risk factors for BOOP syndrome. Radiation-induced BOOP syndrome was seen in 1.3% (9/710). In most cases, the symptoms were mild and none of the patients required hospitalization. Eight patients (88.9%) responded well to steroid administration, but 5 of these patients relapsed after or during tapering of steroids. Although we could not detect significant risk factors for BOOP syndrome, a higher patient age was associated with a higher incidence of radiation-induced BOOP syndrome after breast-conserving therapy. (author)

  17. Rapidly progressive Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organising Pneumonia presenting with pneumothorax, persistent air leak, acute respiratory distress syndrome and multi-organ dysfunction: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chakravorty Indranil

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organising Pneumonia (BOOP may often present initially as a recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax and then develop multi-system complications. Case presentation A 17-year-old boy presented with a pneumothorax, which developed into rapidly progressive Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organising Pneumonia (BOOP. He developed multi-organ dysfunction (including adult respiratory distress syndrome, oliguric renal failure, acute coronary syndrome, cardiac failure and a right atrial thrombus which necessitated prolonged intensive care. Diagnosis was confirmed on open lung biopsy and he responded well to treatment with corticosteroids. Conclusion BOOP is exquisitely sensitive to oral corticosteroids but if the diagnosis is not considered in such patients and appropriate treatment instituted early, BOOP may often lead to prolonged hospital admission with considerable morbidity.

  18. Bronquiolitis obliterante con neumonía organizada y enfermedad de Crohn Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia and Crohn’s disease

    OpenAIRE

    P. Gil-Simón; J. Barrio Andrés; R. Atienza Sánchez; L. Julián Gómez; C. López Represa; A. Caro-Patón

    2008-01-01

    Las manifestaciones extraintestinales respiratorias en la enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal (EII) son excepcionales. Presentamos un caso de bronquiolitis obliterante con neumonía organizada (BONO) en paciente con enfermedad de Crohn, en remisión clínica sin tratamientos farmacológicos.Extraintestinal respiratory manifestations in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are rare. We present a case of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) in a patient with Crohn's disease, with clinica...

  19. Improving survival outcomes in lung transplant recipients through early detection of bronchiolitis obliterans: Daily home spirometry versus standard pulmonary function testing

    OpenAIRE

    Robson, Kevin S; West, Andrew J.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Long-term lung transplant success is limited by bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS), a form of chronic allograft rejection that manifests in the majority of patients by five years post-transplant. Frequent monitoring of pulmonary function measurements through the use of daily home spirometry may have the capability to detect the onset of BOS sooner than standard pulmonary function testing. Early detection of BOS would confer a treatment advantage that may improve survival outc...

  20. Quantitative computed tomography assessment of graft-versus-host disease-related bronchiolitis obliterans in children: A pilot feasibility study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hyun Gi [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Children' s Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Ajou University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Hyun Joo; Kim, Myung-Joon; Lee, Mi-Jung [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Children' s Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yoon Hee; Sohn, Myung Hyun; Kim, Kyung Won [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics and Institute of Allergy, Severance Children' s Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lyu, Chuhl Joo [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Severance Children' s Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-10-15

    To suggest a simple method that can quantify air trapping from chest CT in children with graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)-related bronchiolitis obliterans (BO). This institutional review board-approved retrospective study included eight GVHD-related BO patients (age, 6 - 17 years) who underwent both 31 CTs of variable settings and pulmonary function tests (PFT). The attenuation values of lung parenchyma in normal (An) and air trapping (Aa) areas were obtained. Individualized threshold [(An + Aa)/2] and fixed threshold of -950 HU were set for air trapping quantification. Spearman correlation analysis and generalized linear mixed models were used for statistical analysis. The mean value of individualized threshold was -830.2 ± 48.3 HU. The mean air trapping lung volume percentage with individualized threshold and -950 HU were 45.4 ± 18.9 % and 1.4 ± 1.9 %, respectively. The air trapping lung volume percentage with individualized threshold showed a significant negative correlation with the PFT of FEV1/FVC% in all data (γ = -0.795, P <.001) and in the correction of repetition (γ = -0.837, P =.010). We suggest a simple and individualized threshold attenuation setting method for air trapping quantification insusceptible to CT imaging protocols or respiratory phase control in children with GVHD-related BO. (orig.)

  1. Protection against bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome is associated with allograft CCR7+ CD45RA- T regulatory cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aric L Gregson

    Full Text Available Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS is the major obstacle to long-term survival after lung transplantation, yet markers for early detection and intervention are currently lacking. Given the role of regulatory T cells (Treg in modulation of immunity, we hypothesized that frequencies of Treg in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF after lung transplantation would predict subsequent development of BOS. Seventy BALF specimens obtained from 47 lung transplant recipients were analyzed for Treg lymphocyte subsets by flow cytometry, in parallel with ELISA measurements of chemokines. Allograft biopsy tissue was stained for chemokines of interest. Treg were essentially all CD45RA(-, and total Treg frequency did not correlate to BOS outcome. The majority of Treg were CCR4(+ and CD103(- and neither of these subsets correlated to risk for BOS. In contrast, higher percentages of CCR7(+ Treg correlated to reduced risk of BOS. Additionally, the CCR7 ligand CCL21 correlated with CCR7(+ Treg frequency and inversely with BOS. Higher frequencies of CCR7(+ CD3(+CD4(+CD25(hiFoxp3(+CD45RA(- lymphocytes in lung allografts is associated with protection against subsequent development of BOS, suggesting that this subset of putative Treg may down-modulate alloimmunity. CCL21 may be pivotal for the recruitment of this distinct subset to the lung allograft and thereby decrease the risk for chronic rejection.

  2. Lung disease and ulcerative colitis--mesalazine-induced bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia or pulmonary manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moeser, A; Pletz, M W; Hagel, S; Kroegel, C; Stallmach, A

    2015-09-01

    Ulcerative colitis can be associated with numerous extraintestinal organ manifestations. Pulmonary disease in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is supposed to be a rare entity and has to be distinguished from infectious complications and side-effects of medications used in the treatment of IBD. We present the case of a 20-year-old male patient with ulcerative colitis and a 4-week history of respiratory symptoms, malaise, fever and respiratory insufficiency under a medication with mesalazine. Computed tomography showed bilateral subpleural consolidations, bronchoscopy revealed signs of acute bronchitis. The diagnostic work-up ruled out an infectious cause. Under the tentative diagnosis of a mesalazine-induced bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia (BOOP) the medication with mesalazine was withdrawn and the patient received a corticosteroid trial. The symptoms quickly improved and prednisone was tapered and stopped after 6 months. Unexpectedly, lung function after complete resolution of respiratory symptoms revealed a residual obstructive ventilatory defect that might be due to an asymptomatic pulmonary manifestation of ulcerative colitis. A review of the literature shows that pulmonary manifestations in IBD as well as pulmonary toxicity of mesalazine might not be as rare as expected and should be included as differential diagnoses in the work-up of respiratory symptoms in patients with IBD. A pragmatic therapeutic approach is reasonable in critically ill patients as it is not always easy to distinguish both entities. PMID:26367026

  3. Quantitative computed tomography assessment of graft-versus-host disease-related bronchiolitis obliterans in children: A pilot feasibility study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To suggest a simple method that can quantify air trapping from chest CT in children with graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)-related bronchiolitis obliterans (BO). This institutional review board-approved retrospective study included eight GVHD-related BO patients (age, 6 - 17 years) who underwent both 31 CTs of variable settings and pulmonary function tests (PFT). The attenuation values of lung parenchyma in normal (An) and air trapping (Aa) areas were obtained. Individualized threshold [(An + Aa)/2] and fixed threshold of -950 HU were set for air trapping quantification. Spearman correlation analysis and generalized linear mixed models were used for statistical analysis. The mean value of individualized threshold was -830.2 ± 48.3 HU. The mean air trapping lung volume percentage with individualized threshold and -950 HU were 45.4 ± 18.9 % and 1.4 ± 1.9 %, respectively. The air trapping lung volume percentage with individualized threshold showed a significant negative correlation with the PFT of FEV1/FVC% in all data (γ = -0.795, P <.001) and in the correction of repetition (γ = -0.837, P =.010). We suggest a simple and individualized threshold attenuation setting method for air trapping quantification insusceptible to CT imaging protocols or respiratory phase control in children with GVHD-related BO. (orig.)

  4. Noninvasive Transcutaneous Monitoring in Long-Term Follow-Up of Patients With Thromboangiitis Obliterans Treated With Intravenous Iloprost.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melillo, Elio; Grigoratos, Chrysanthos; Sanctis, Francesco De; Spontoni, Paolo; Nuti, Marco; Dell'Omodarme, Matteo; Ferrari, Mauro; Balbarini, Alberto

    2015-07-01

    We evaluated the effectiveness of intravenous iloprost (IVI) in outpatients with thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) and lower limb noninvasive transcutaneous monitoring (TCM) at follow-up (FU). Ten consecutive patients with TAO underwent IVI therapy. Transcutaneous oxygen (TcPo 2) and carbon dioxide (TcPco 2) determination and laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) were performed before and after IVI at 3, 6, and 12 months of FU. Clinical response was positive in 7 patients, whereas 3 nonresponders underwent a second IVI cycle with 1 showing a late positive clinical response. After 12 months of FU, all patients were alive without amputations. Supine and dependent TcP2 levels significantly improved (P < .005). Hallux LDF values showed significant change with the maximal hyperemic test at 44°C (P < .005). Forefoot maximal hyperemic test at 44°C LDF (P < .005) and improved venous arterial reflex (P < .05) showed statistically significant time evolution. We demonstrated some degree of IVI effectiveness and evaluated TCM in patients with TAO. PMID:25005765

  5. Predictive Value of Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome Stage 0p in Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease of the Lung

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abedin, Sameem; Yanik, Gregory A.; Braun, Thomas; Pawarode, Attaphol; Magenau, John; Goldstein, Steven C.; Levine, John E.; Kitko, Carrie L.; Couriel, Daniel R.

    2016-01-01

    Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) is a significant post-transplant complication with low survival. BOS stage 0p (BOS 0p) is a parameter detected on pulmonary function tests (PFTs) after lung transplantation to identify patients at risk to develop BOS. We performed a retrospective study on 442 patients who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplant from 2007 to 2011 to evaluate whether development of BOS 0p is a risk factor in this population for BOS. Patients who met criteria for BOS 0p were significantly more likely to develop BOS (hazard ratio [HR], 3.22; P HR, 2.48; P =.001) and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) outside the lung post-transplant (HR, 23; P < .001). Finally, BOS 0p criteria were adequately sensitive in predicting BOS (85%), with a high negative predictive value (98%). Our findings suggest a routine PFT screening strategy with the intent of detecting BOS 0p, especially among patients with prior lung disease and who developed chronic GVHD, could suitably identify an at-risk population for the development of BOS. PMID:25687798

  6. Bronchial wall measurements in patients after lung transplantation: evaluation of the diagnostic value for the diagnosis of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine Dettmer

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To prospectively evaluate quantitative airway wall measurements of thin-section CT for the diagnosis of Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome (BOS following lung transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 141 CT examinations, bronchial wall thickness (WT, the wall area percentage (WA% calculated as the ratio of the bronchial wall area and the total area (sum of bronchial wall area and bronchial lumen area and the difference of the WT on inspiration and expiration (WTdiff were automatically measured in different bronchial generations. The measurements were correlated with the lung function parameters. WT and WA% in CT examinations of patients with (n = 25 and without (n = 116 BOS, were compared using the unpaired t-test and univariate analysis of variance, while also considering the differing lung volumes. RESULTS: Measurements could be performed in 2,978 bronchial generations. WT, WA%, and WTdiff did not correlate with the lung function parameters (r<0.5. The WA% on inspiration was significantly greater in patients with BOS than in patients without BOS, even when considering the dependency of the lung volume on the measurements. WT on inspiration and expiration and WA% on expiration did not show significant differences between the groups. CONCLUSION: WA% on inspiration was significantly greater in patients with than in those without BOS. However, WA% measurements were significantly dependent on lung volume and showed a high variability, thus not allowing the sole use of bronchial wall measurements to differentiate patients with from those without BOS.

  7. Proteomic Characterization Reveals That MMP-3 Correlates With Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome Following Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell and Lung Transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, X; Yue, Z; Yu, J; Daguindau, E; Kushekhar, K; Zhang, Q; Ogata, Y; Gafken, P R; Inamoto, Y; Gracon, A; Wilkes, D S; Hansen, J A; Lee, S J; Chen, J Y; Paczesny, S

    2016-08-01

    Improved diagnostic methods are needed for bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS), a serious complication after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) and lung transplantation. For protein candidate discovery, we compared plasma pools from HCT transplantation recipients with BOS at onset (n = 12), pulmonary infection (n = 16), chronic graft-versus-host disease without pulmonary involvement (n = 15) and no chronic complications after HCT (n = 15). Pools were labeled with different tags (isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification), and two software tools identified differentially expressed proteins (≥1.5-fold change). Candidate proteins were further selected using a six-step computational biology approach. The diagnostic value of the lead candidate, matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP3), was evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in plasma of a verification cohort (n = 112) with and without BOS following HCT (n = 76) or lung transplantation (n = 36). MMP3 plasma concentrations differed significantly between patients with and without BOS (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve 0.77). Consequently, MMP3 represents a potential noninvasive blood test for diagnosis of BOS. PMID:26887344

  8. Fluticasone, Azithromycin, and Montelukast Treatment for New-Onset Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome after Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Kirsten M; Cheng, Guang-Shing; Pusic, Iskra; Jagasia, Madan; Burns, Linda; Ho, Vincent T; Pidala, Joseph; Palmer, Jeanne; Johnston, Laura; Mayer, Sebastian; Chien, Jason W; Jacobsohn, David A; Pavletic, Steven Z; Martin, Paul J; Storer, Barry E; Inamoto, Yoshihiro; Chai, Xiaoyu; Flowers, Mary E D; Lee, Stephanie J

    2016-04-01

    Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is associated with high mortality. We hypothesized that inhaled fluticasone, azithromycin, and montelukast (FAM) with a brief steroid pulse could avert progression of new-onset BOS. We tested this in a phase II, single-arm, open-label, multicenter study (NCT01307462). Thirty-six patients were enrolled within 6 months of BOS diagnosis. The primary endpoint was treatment failure, defined as 10% or greater forced expiratory volume in 1 second decline at 3 months. At 3 months, 6% (2 of 36, 95% confidence interval, 1% to 19%) had treatment failure (versus 40% in historical controls, P < .001). FAM was well tolerated. Steroid dose was reduced by 50% or more at 3 months in 48% of patients who could be evaluated (n = 27). Patient-reported outcomes at 3 months were statistically significantly improved for Short-Form 36 social functioning score and mental component score, Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapies emotional well-being, and Lee symptom scores in lung, skin, mouth, and the overall summary score compared to enrollment (n = 24). At 6 months, 36% had treatment failure (95% confidence interval, 21% to 54%, n = 13 of 36, with 6 documented failures, 7 missing pulmonary function tests). Overall survival was 97% (95% confidence interval, 84% to 100%) at 6 months. These data suggest that FAM was well tolerated and that treatment with FAM and steroid pulse may halt pulmonary decline in new-onset BOS in the majority of patients and permit reductions in systemic steroid exposure, which collectively may improve quality of life. However, additional treatments are needed for progressive BOS despite FAM. PMID:26475726

  9. Persistent high BAL fluid granulocyte activation marker levels as early indicators of bronchiolitis obliterans after lung transplant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riise, G C; Andersson, B A; Kjellström, C; Martensson, G; Nilsson, F N; Ryd, W; Scherstén, H

    1999-11-01

    The major cause of mortality in the long-term in lung transplant recipients is chronic rejection. This is a fibroproliferative process in the small airways leading to obliterative bronchiolitis and progressive loss of lung function, both constituting the clinical entity bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). Granulocyte activation has been implicated as one factor behind BOS. Granulocyte markers in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid were prospectively and longitudinally studied in order to identify possible association with BOS. BAL fluid from 266 bronchoscopy procedures performed in twelve single lung, eight bilateral lung and five heart/lung transplant recipients were analysed. The majority (19 of 25) were studied for a period of 2 yrs after surgery. Myeloperoxidase (MPO), eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) levels were used as indirect markers of activation and attraction of granulocytes. Five patients developed BOS. Ninety-eight episodes of acute rejection, nine of bacterial infection, 19 of cytomegalovirus pneumonitis, nine of Pneumocystis carinii infection, two of aspergillus infection and two of respiratory syncytial virus infection were diagnosed. BOS patients had significantly higher mean levels of MPO, ECP and IL-8 compared to patients without BOS, irrespective of acute rejection status. Over time, the five patients with BOS had significantly elevated BAL fluid levels of MPO and ECP as well as neutrophil percentages, and in four patients this increase preceded the clinical diagnosis of BOS by several months. Elevated bronchoalveolar lavage fluid neutrophil percentage as well as levels of the granulocyte activation markers myeloperoxidase and eosinophil cationic protein appear to be early signs of development of BOS in lung transplant recipients. PMID:10596701

  10. Radiation-induced bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) syndrome in breast cancer patients is associated with age

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation-induced bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) syndrome is a rarely observed phenomenon characterized by infiltration of the lungs outside of the radiation field, differentiating it from radiation pneumonitis (RP).The risk factors for radiation-induced BOOP (RT-BOOP) remain unclear and controversial. We retrospectively analyzed the incidence and risk factors for RT-BOOP associated with radiation therapy (RT) after breast conserving surgery (BCS) and post-mastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT). We analyzed 1,176 breast cancer patients treated with RT after BCS or PMRT between March 2005 and September2008 at the cancer institute hospital of the Japanese foundation for cancer research. Chest radiographs were routinely obtained every three to six months for at least 12 months after surgery, as well as when the patients experienced respiratory symptoms or fever. RT-BOOP syndrome was diagnosed in 16patients (1.4%), including12BCS patients (1.3%) and four PMRT patients (1.8%). An older age (≥52 years old) was significantly associated with the incidence of RT-BOOP syndrome in a univariate analysis (p =0.023). The type of treatment (BCS or PMRT) and irradiated lung volume at 20 Gy (V20) were not significantly associated with the incidence of RT-BOOP syndrome in the entire patient cohort. In the multivariate analysis, age and smoking were the significant factor associated with RT-induced BOOP syndrome (p =0.044 and 0.049, respectively). RT-BOOP syndrome was a rarity, and the incidence for BCT cases was similar to that for PMRT cases. The irradiated lung volume was not significantly associated with RT-BOOP syndrome. An older age can predict the incidence of RT-BOOP syndrome

  11. Analysis of Factors Associated With Radiation-Induced Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organizing Pneumonia Syndrome After Breast-Conserving Therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To evaluate factors associated with radiation-induced bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) syndrome after breast-conserving therapy. Methods and Materials: A total of 702 women with breast cancer who received radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery at seven institutions between July 1995 and December 2006 were analyzed. In all patients, the whole breast was irradiated with two tangential photon beams. The criteria used for the diagnosis of radiation-induced BOOP syndrome were as follows: (1) radiotherapy to the breast within 12 months, (2) general and/or respiratory symptoms lasting for ≥2 weeks, (3) radiographs showing lung infiltration outside the radiation port, and (4) no evidence of a specific cause. Results: Radiation-induced BOOP syndrome was seen in 16 patients (2.3%). Eleven patients (68.8%) were administered steroids. The duration of steroid administration ranged from 1 week to 3.7 years (median, 1.1 years). Multivariate analysis revealed that age (≥50 years; odds ratio [OR] 8.88; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.16-67.76; p = 0.04) and concurrent endocrine therapy (OR 3.05; 95% CI 1.09-8.54; p = 0.03) were significantly associated with BOOP syndrome. Of the 161 patients whose age was ≥50 years and who received concurrent endocrine therapy, 10 (6.2%) developed BOOP syndrome. Conclusions: Age (≥50 years) and concurrent endocrine therapy can promote the development of radiation-induced BOOP syndrome after breast-conserving therapy. Physicians should carefully follow patients who received breast-conserving therapy, especially those who are older than 50 years and received concurrent endocrine therapy during radiotherapy

  12. Association between Serum Homocyteine and Coronary Arteriosclerosis%血清同型半胱氨酸与冠脉病变的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝应禄; 李燕萍; 杨娴; 钱宝堂; 余海; 谷青

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨血清同型半胱氨酸(homocysteine,Hcy)水平与冠脉病变的相关性.方法 收集2010年8月至2011年9月于玉溪市人民医院心内科行冠状动脉造影的患者340例,分为冠心病组包括稳定性心绞痛(stable angina,SA)组、不稳定性心绞痛(unstable angina,UA)组、急性心肌梗死(acute myocardial infarction,AMI)组及正常对照组,所有入选对象均进行冠脉病变程度积分(Genesine积分)及血清Hcy水平测定.结果 (1)与对照组相比,冠心病组(包括SA、UA及AMI组)血清Hcy水平显著升高(P<0.Ol),与SA组相比,UA组、AMI组血清Hcy水平显著升高(P<0.01),与UA组相比,AMI组血清Hcy水平显著升高(P<0.01); (2)多元逐步线性回归分析及二元Logistic回归分析显示,除外性别、年龄、血糖、血脂等因素,血清Hcy仍与冠脉病变的严重程度相关,与斑块的不稳定性相关; (3) ROC曲线分析显示血清Hcy鉴别斑块不稳定性的敏感性和特异性优于低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(LDL-C)及Genesini积分.结论 血清Hcy与冠脉病变严重程度相关,且随着斑块不稳定性的增加,其水平逐渐增加.%Objective To investigate the association between serum homocyteine ( Hcy) and coronary arteriosclerosis. Methods 340 patients in our hospital who had cronary anginography were divided into 4groups: stable angina (SA) group, unatable angina (UA) group, acute myocardial infarction (AMI) group and control group. Gensine score and the level of serum Hey were determinated in all cases. Results (1) Compared with control group, the serum Hey levels were significantly higher in all groups with coronary heart desease (P< 0.01) , increased in -UA group and AMI group than that of SA group (P< 0.01), higher in AMI group than that of UA group (P<0.01). (2) Mutiple stepwise linear regression analysis and Logistic regression analysis showed that after controlling the effects of sex, age, blood glucose, blood fat, etal, serum Hey was still

  13. Melatonin Attenuates Aortic Endothelial Permeability and Arteriosclerosis in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats: Possible Role of MLCK- and MLCP-Dependent MLC Phosphorylation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Song-tao; Su, Huan; Zhang, Qiu; Tang, Hai-qin; Wang, Chang-jiang; Zhou, Qing; Wei, Wei; Zhu, Hua-qing; Wang, Yuan

    2016-01-01

    The development of diabetic macrovascular complications is a multifactorial process, and melatonin may possess cardiovascular protective properties. This study was designed to evaluate whether melatonin attenuates arteriosclerosis and endothelial permeability by suppressing the myosin light-chain kinase (MLCK)/myosin light-chain phosphorylation (p-MLC) system via the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway or by suppressing the myosin phosphatase-targeting subunit phosphorylation (p-MYPT)/p-MLC system in diabetes mellitus (DM). Rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, including control, high-fat diet, DM, and DM + melatonin groups. Melatonin was administered (10 mg/kg/d) by gavage for 12 weeks. The DM significantly increased the serum fasting blood glucose and lipid levels, as well as insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction, which were attenuated by melatonin therapy to various extents. Importantly, the aortic endothelial permeability was significantly increased in DM rats but was dramatically reversed following treatment with melatonin. Our findings further indicated that hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia enhanced the expressions of MLCK, p-MYPT, and p-MLC, which were partly associated with decreased membrane type 1 expression, increased extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation, and increased p38 expression. However, these changes in protein expression were also significantly reversed by melatonin. Thus, our results are the first to demonstrate that the endothelial hyperpermeability induced by DM is associated with increased expressions of MLCK, p-MYPT, and p-MLC, which can be attenuated by melatonin at least partly through the ERK/p38 signaling pathway. PMID:25944844

  14. Associação de bronquiolite obliterante pós-infecciosa e hemossiderose pulmonar na infância Postinfectious bronchiolitis obliterans accompanied by pulmonary hemosiderosis in childhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Araújo Pinto

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Descreve-se uma apresentação rara de bronquiolite obliterante associada a hemossiderose pulmonar, em paciente de nove anos com sintomas respiratórios persistentes iniciados após episódio de bronquiolite aguda grave aos sete meses. Após o episódio agudo, apresentou sintomas respiratórios persistentes, piorando significativamente aos sete anos, quando começou a apresentar dificuldade respiratória em pequenos esforços. A tomografia computadorizada de tórax demonstrou achados compatíveis com bronquiolite obliterante. A biópsia pulmonar a céu aberto demonstrou numerosos macrófagos corados com hemossiderina, além dos achados compatíveis com bronquiolite obliterante. O diagnóstico de hemossiderose pulmonar pode estar ocasionalmente associado a bronquiolite obliterante em crianças com seqüela pós-viral grave.In the present report, we describe an unusual presentation of post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans accompanied by pulmonary hemosiderosis in a nine-year-old boy with persistent respiratory symptoms subsequent to an episode of acute bronchiolitis occurring at the age of seven months. After the episode, the persistent respiratory symptoms worsened significantly, and, by the age of seven, the patient began to have difficulty breathing after minimal exertion. Computed tomography of the chest presented findings consistent with bronchiolitis obliterans. Open lung biopsy revealed numerous hemosiderin-laden macrophages, as well as other findings consistent with bronchiolitis obliterans. Pulmonary hemosiderosis can occasionally be accompanied by bronchiolitis obliterans in children with severe sequelae after an episode of viral infection.

  15. MR angiography of peripheral arteriosclerosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Noninvasive arteriography with MR imaging was performed in patients with atherosclerotic disease of the peripheral arteries. Flow contrast is created in projection MR images when studies acquired at unequal ECG gate delays are subtracted. With the help of new techniques for rapid MR image acquisition, several ECG gate delays may be sampled in a single acquisition. The overall image acquisition time is diminished by at least 50%, and image motion and registration artifacts due to peristalsis and respiration, for example, are drastically reduced. Clinical studies of occlusive and aneurysmal forms of atherosclerotic disease of the aortoileofemoropopliteal system are presented and compared with conventional angiographic studies. Morphologic correlation between MR imaging and conventional arteriography is evaluated with respect to (1) spatial resolution, (2) contrast resolution, (3) the occurrence and severity of flow artifacts, and (4) the need for acquisition in multiple orientations. Preliminary three-dimensional MR imaging angiographic data are presented

  16. Pharmaceutical Care for One Elderly Patient with Acute Bronchitis Associated with Cerebral Arteriosclerosis%1例老年急性支气管炎并脑动脉硬化患者的药学监护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张富东

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨临床药师参与药物治疗方案的制订与药学监护的方法。方法:介绍临床药师参与1例老年急性支气管炎并脑动脉硬化患者的治疗过程,分析、评价治疗方案,提出药学建议,并进行药学监护。结果:通过药师的介入与参与可使患者的治疗更加顺利,真正做到了对老年急性支气管炎并脑动脉硬化患者的治疗个体化,使患者顺利治愈出院。结论:临床药师的参与可以协助医师制订安全、有效的治疗方案。%OBJECTIVE:To explore the approaches for clinical pharmacist to participate in the formulation of treatment regi-men and carry out pharmaceutical care. METHODS:Clinical pharmacist’involvement in the treatment of one elderly patient with acute bronchitis associated with cerebral arteriosclerosis was introduced with regard to his efforts in analyzing and evaluating thera-peutic regimen,putting forward pharmacy suggestion and providing pharmaceutical care. RESULTS:Pharmacist’s involvement con-tributed to smooth treatment of the patient and effectuated the individualized treatment for the elderly patient with acute bronchitis associated with cerebral arteriosclerosis and the patient was cured and discharged from hospital. CONCLUSIONS:Clinical pharma-cist’s involvement can help clinical physicians in formulating safe and effective treatment regimen.

  17. The number of FoxP3+ cells in transbronchial lung allograft biopsies does not predict bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome within the first five years after transplantation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krustrup, Dorrit; Iversen, Martin; Martinussen, Torben;

    2015-01-01

    Background: An important limitation to the success of lung transplantation is the development of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). It has been hypothesized that regulatory T lymphocytes (Tregs) are related to the risk of BOS. We aim to evaluate whether the number of forkhead box P3 (FoxP3......+) cells/mm2 in lung allograft biopsies is a predictor of long-term outcome. Materials and Methods: A total of 58 consecutive lung transplant patients were included in the study. For 233 routine surveillance biopsy samples, the numbers of FoxP3+ cells/mm2 were assessed by immunohistochemical staining with...... antibodies against FoxP3. BOS scores were calculated for the first five yr after transplantation. Results: We determined that acute rejection was related to the time elapsed from transplantation to BOS with hazard ratios of 3.18 (p = 0.02) and 3.73 (p = 0.04) when comparing the levels of acute rejection...

  18. Recidiva en bronquiolitis obliterante con neumonía en organización: BOOP RELAPSE IN BRONCHOLITIS OBLITERANS ORGANIZING PNEUMONIA: BOOP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JUAN I. VARGAS RT.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Las recaídas son frecuentes en la bronquiolitis obliterante con neumonía en organización (BOOP, sin embargo, existe poca información con respecto a su causa. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 63 años con un cuadro clínico radiológico compatible con BOOP. No se identificó una causa subyacente por lo que se planteó el diagnóstico de neumonía en organización criptogénica o COP. Se realizaron biopsias transbronquiales que demostraron una neumonía crónica organizada y bronquiolitis proliferativa. Se trató con prednisona con buena respuesta. Al octavo mes de tratamiento, mientras se disminuía la dosis de esteroides, comenzó con disnea y tos y aparición de nuevas opacidades pulmonares radiológicos, las que regresaron rápidamente al aumentar la dosis de esteroides. Discutimos las causas posibles de la recidiva de esta patología y su relación con la disminución de la dosis de esteroidesAlthough relapses are frequent in bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP, there is scant information regarding the causes underlying its occurrence. We report a 63 year old woman with clinical and radiological features compatible with BOOP. No underlying cause was identified so she was thought to have cryptogenic BOOP or cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP. A transbronchial lung biopsy demonstrated chronic organizing pneumonia and features of proliferative bronchiolitis. She was successfully treated with prednisone. On the eighth month of steroid therapy, while tapering the dose, she begun with cough and dyspnea and developed new lung infiltrates on the chest x-ray film. The infiltrates cleared rapidly after increasing the dose of steroids. We discuss the possible causes of relapse in BOOP and its relation to steroid therapy

  19. Serum Krebs Von Den Lungen-6 as a Biomarker for Early Detection of Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome in Children Undergoing Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gassas, Adam; Schechter, Tal; Krueger, Joerg; Craig-Barnes, Hayley; Sung, Lillian; Ali, Muhammad; Dell, Sharon; Egeler, R Maarten; Zaidman, Irina; Palaniyar, Nades

    2015-08-01

    Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) is a devastating complication after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). Early identification of high-risk patients is pivotal for success. Lung proteins, KL-6, CCSP, SP-A, and SP-D, measured in the serum may identify high-risk patients for BOS earlier than pulmonary function tests (PFTs) can identify changes or clinical symptoms. Lung proteins were measured in patients' serum at baseline and at 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months after transplantation along with history, clinical examination, and PFTs. Serum levels of lung proteins were also measured in healthy control subjects. The primary endpoint was the development of BOS confirmed by pathological biopsy or National Institutes of Health criteria. Between September 2009 and September 2011, 39 patients were enrolled. Six children developed BOS at a median time of 200 days (range, 94 to 282). KL-6 levels were low in control subjects, at a median of .1 U/mL (range, .1 to 1.5). Pre-SCT and 1-month KL-6 levels were significantly higher in surviving patients who developed BOS (n = 6) versus those who did not (n = 18) (pre-SCT: mean, 32.6 U/mL [IQR, 9.7 to 89.3] versus 5.8 U/mL [IQR, 2.1 to 12.6], P = .03; at 1 month: mean, 52.5 U/mL [IQR, 20.2 to 121.3] versus 11.4 U/mL [IQR, 5.7 to 36.0], P = .04). Three- and 6-month KL-6 levels continued to be higher in BOS group but were not statistically significant. CCSP, SP-A, and SP-D were not predictive. KL-6 measured in the serum of children receiving allo-SCT may identify patients at high risk for the development of BOS. These patients will benefit from intensive surveillance protocol and early therapy before irreversible lung damage. PMID:25963919

  20. 亚高原地区高血压与外周动脉硬化相关性探讨%Correlation between hypertension and peripheral arteriosclerosis in people from sub-plateau

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽娟; 李琼; 魏玲

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨亚高原城镇人群高血压与外周动脉硬化的相关性.方法 随机从2009年10月~2010年4月昆明城镇企事业单位到我院体检的18岁以上人群中,抽取检出血压异常且符合高血压诊断标准的受检者1000名作为高血压组,同时随机抽取673名体检提示血压正常者作为对照组,采用日本科林公司生产的VP-1000全自动测量仪对两组患者作肱踝脉搏波传导速度(baPWV)及踝臂指数(ABI)测量.结果 高血压组baPWV值明显高于对照组(P<0.01),ABI≤0.9检出率明显高于对照组(P<0.01).结论 亚高原地区城镇人群高血压与动脉硬化密切相关,选择对动脉僵硬度有影响的降压药物,有效控制血压,同时指导患者进行间断性适量的有氧运动,对预防及延缓高血压靶器官损害及心血管事件的发生,延长患者寿命具有重要意义.%Objective To investigate the correlation between hypertension and peripheral arteriosclerosis in people from sub -plateau towns. Methods Among subjects( above 18 years old )from enterprise or government units in Kunming City receiving physical examination in our hospital from October 2009 to April 2010,1000 ones who met the diagnostic criteria of hypertension were randomly selected and served as hypertension group. Another 673 ones with normal blood pressure were randomly selected as control group. The brachial ankle pulse wave velocity( baPWV )and ankle brachial index( ABI )of all subjects were detected by the Japanese Colin VP -1000 automatic measuring instrument. Results Both baPWV and the detection rate of ABI ^ 0. 9 in the hypertension group were significantly higher than those in the control group( P < 0. 01 ). Conclusion There is a close correlation between hypertension and arteriosclerosis in people from the sub - plateau towns. Antihypertensive drugs that can affect the arterial stiffness should be chosen to control peoples blood pressure. Moreover, they should be guided to take

  1. 308例老年高血压病患者动脉硬化检测结果分析%Analysis of Examination Results of Arteriosclerosis of 308 High Blood-pressure Senior Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄雯; 曾小茹; 莫发敏

    2013-01-01

    目的:了解老年高血压病患者动脉硬化情况。方法:随机抽取到本院门诊就诊或住院的老年高血压病患者308例进行动脉硬化检测,测定其肱踝脉搏波传导速度(baPWV)及踝臂指数(ABI),将检测结果与同期到本院进行健康体检的100例老年健康人群进行比较分析。结果:(1)老年高血压病患者的baPWV显著高于健康对照组,ABI明显低于健康对照组。(2)高血压病患者随着血压分级的升高, baPWV依序升高,ABI依序降低。(3)并发冠心病或脑卒中的高血压病患者,baPWV显著高于无并发症者,ABI明显低于无并发症者。(4) baPWV重度异常组,同型半胱胺酸、高脂血症、并发冠心病或脑卒中、糖尿病、吸烟等危险因素明显高于baPWV轻度或中度异常组。结论:高血压是引起动脉硬化及动脉粥样硬化的独立危险因素;高血压病患者随着血压分级升高,动脉硬化程度加重;baPWV和ABI是冠心病或脑卒中的独立预测因子;高血压病患者危险因子越多,动脉硬化程度越重。%Objective:To understand the detail situation of arteriosclerosis with senior high blood-pressure patients.Method:308 cases of senior high blood-pressure patients were randomly selected from outpatients or hospitalized patients. Brachial ankle pulse wave velocity(baPWV)and anklearm index(ABI)were performed in all patients. The baPWV and ABI differences were compared between senior high blood-pressure patients and elderly healthy person,which were randomly selected from the physical examination branch physical exam in the same time.Result:(1)The baPWV values of senior high blood-pressure patients were significantly higher than that of the healthy group,while the ABI values of seniorhigh blood-pressure patients were obviously lower.(2)With the grade of blood pressure moving higher,The baPWV value of high blood-pressure patients went higher,while the ABI value

  2. 彩色多普勒超声在下肢动脉粥样硬化诊断中的应用价值%The application value of Color Doppler ultrasound in diagnose of lower limb Arteriosclerosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芳

    2012-01-01

      Objective To explore The application Value of the color Doppler ultrasound in lower limb arteriosclerosis diagnosis Methods From 2009 May to 2012 May in our hospital, color Doppler ultrasound in diagnosis of lower limb atherosclerosis clinical data, analyze the disease diagnosis application value. Results The color Doppler ultrasound can effectively monitor the treatment of lower limb atherosclerosis of lower extremity atherosclerosis, the wall thickness, arterial diameter and other aspects of the effective diagnosis. Conclusion Color Doppler ultrasound ( CDu ) has become the current noninvasive diagnosis of lower limb atherosclerosis is the preferred method, it is clearly in the two-dimensional display a vascular lesion of the anatomical changes, and by color Doppler flow imaging, provides a wealth of lower limb blood vessels in hemodynamic information.%  目的 探讨彩色多普勒超声在下肢动脉粥样硬化诊断中的应用价值。方法 总结2009年5月—2012年5月,该院彩色多普勒超声诊断下肢动脉粥样硬化的临床资料,分析并探讨其在本病诊断中的应用价值。结果 彩色多普勒超声能有效监测下肢动脉粥样硬化的治疗,对下肢动脉粥样硬化的壁厚度、动脉内径等方面进行了有效的诊断。结论 彩色多普勒超声(cDU)已成为了目前无创性检查下肢动脉粥样硬化的首选方法,它既清晰地在二维上显示了血管病变的解剖结构改变,又经过彩色多普勒的血流显像,提供了丰富的下肢血管内血流动力学的信息。

  3. Role of progenitor cells in transplant arteriosclerosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hillebrands, JL; Onuta, G; Rozing, J

    2005-01-01

    To date, chronic transplant dysfunction (CTD) is recognized as the major cause of transplant loss long term after transplantation. CTD has the remarkable histologic feature that the luminal areas of the intragraft arteries become obliterated as a result of occlusive neointima formation. Neointimal l

  4. Analysis of risk factors related with carotid atherosclerotic arteriosclerosis in a Chinese young and middle-aged population who received health checkup%中青年体检人群颈动脉粥样硬化及相关危险因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温小恒; 徐腾达; 盖小荣; 孙杰; 莎仁高娃

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between carotid artery atherosclerosis and risk factor in a young and middle-aged population in China who received health checkup.Methods A total of 762 cases of young and middle-aged adult were recruited between April and October in 2013.These subjects had no hypertension,diabetes,coronary heart disease,cerebrovascular disease,and connective tissue disease,etc.Their Blood pressure,serum glucose (Glu),total cholesterol (TC),triglyceride (TG),and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were measured and carotid artery ultrasonography was performed.Of the 762 cases,589 were male,173 were female,mean age was (46 ± 9) years.For blood pressure,blood lipids,the t test was performed to detect the difference between arteriosclerosis group and non arteriosclerosis group in different age groups.Logistic regression was performed to reveal the risk factors with carotid arteriosclerosis.Results Of the 762 subjects,205 had carotid artery atherosclerosis; 30.2% (178/589) of them were men and 15.6%(27/173) of them were women,with a significant difference between two groups,(x2=14.522,P=0.000).In the younger than 40 years old group,the diastolic blood pressure has statistical significance between carotid arteriosclerosis and non carotid arteriosclerosis group (t=-2.789,P< 0.05); blood sugar had statistically significant difference between the two groups (t value was-2.256,-2.930,-2.174,respectivly,P<0.05).Multiple regression analysis revealed that the independent risk factors for carotid artery arteriosclerosis were age,sex,DBP,and Glu.The regression coefficients were 0.993,0.711,0.047,0.334 seperately.The ROC curve of age was analyzed,the area under the ROC curve was 0.731,cut-off was 51 years old.Conclusions Routine carotid artery ultrasound should be performed for older than 50 healthy middle-aged men,to determine whether arteriosclerosis exists,especially for people with abnormal blood glucose or elevated DBP.%目的 分

  5. Xenon ventilation CT using dual-source and dual-energy technique in children with bronchiolitis obliterans: correlation of xenon and CT density values with pulmonary function test results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Xenon ventilation CT using dual-source and dual-energy technique is a recently introduced, promising functional lung imaging method. To expand its clinical applications evidence of additional diagnostic value of xenon ventilation CT over conventional chest CT is required. To evaluate the usefulness of xenon ventilation CT using dual-source and dual-energy technique in children with bronchiolitis obliterans (BO). Seventeen children (age 7-18 years; 11 boys) with BO underwent xenon ventilation CT using dual-source and dual-energy technique. Xenon and CT density values were measured in normal and hyperlucent lung regions on CT and were compared between the two regions. Volumes of hyperlucent regions and ventilation defects were calculated with thresholds determined by visual and histogram-based analysis. Indexed volumes of hyperlucent lung regions and ventilation defects were correlated with pulmonary function test results. Effective doses of xenon CT were calculated. Xenon (14.6 ± 6.4 HU vs 26.1 ± 6.5 HU; P 25-75, (γ = -0.68-0.88, P ≤ 0.002). Volume percentages of xenon ventilation defects (35.0 ± 16.4%)] were not significantly different from those of hyperlucent lung regions (38.2 ± 18.6%). However, mismatches between the volume percentages were variable up to 21.4-33.3%. Mean effective dose of xenon CT was 1.9 ± 0.5 mSv. In addition to high-resolution anatomic information, xenon ventilation CT using dual-source and dual-energy technique demonstrates impaired regional ventilation and its heterogeneity accurately in children with BO without additional radiation exposure. (orig.)

  6. Absence of arteriosclerosis in intramyocardial coronary arteries: a mystery to be solved? Ausência de arteriosclerose na porção intramiocárdica das artérias coronárias: um mistério a ser resolvido?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edvaldo Luiz Ramalli Jr

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Several studies show that portions of intramyocardial coronary arteries are spared of arteriosclerosis, involving morphological, embryological, biochemical and pathophysiological aspects. Endothelial function is significantly affected in the segment of transition, as estimated by the vasoactive response to Ach. These findings suggest that myocardial bridge can provide protection against arteriosclerosis by counteracting the negative effects of endothelial dysfunction. The intramyocardial portion's protection phenomenon deserves further scientific research on all research fronts. Improved morphological, biomechanical and especially physiological and embryological knowledge may be the key to a future window of opportunity for chronic arterial disease therapy and prevention. In addition, this review discusses possible therapeutic approaches for symptomatic coronary ischemia caused by myocardial bridgesDiversos estudos demonstram que as porções intramiocárdicas das artérias coronárias são poupadas da arteriosclerose, envolvendo aspectos morfológicos, embriológicos, biomecânicos e aspectos fisiopatológicos. A função endotelial é significativamente afetada no segmento de transição, tal como estimado pela resposta vasoativa para acetilcolina (Ach. Esses achados sugerem que ponte miocárdica pode fornecer proteção contra a arteriosclerose, por contrariar os efeitos negativos da disfunção endotelial. O fenômeno dessa proteção da porção intramiocárdica merece maior investigação científica em todas as frentes de pesquisa. Maiores conhecimentos sobre os aspectos morfológicos, biomecânicos e, principalmente, fisiológicos e embriológicos podem ser a chave para uma futura janela de oportunidades de terapia e prevenção da doença arterial crônica. Nessa revisão, discutem-se, também, possíveis abordagens terapêuticas para fenômenos coronarianos isquêmicos causados por pontes miocárdicas

  7. Xenon ventilation CT using dual-source and dual-energy technique in children with bronchiolitis obliterans: correlation of xenon and CT density values with pulmonary function test results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goo, Hyun Woo; Yang, Dong Hyun; Seo, Joon Beom; Chae, Eun Jin; Lee, Jeongjin [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, Songpa-gu, Seoul (Korea); Hong, Soo-Jong; Yu, Jinho; Kim, Byoung-Ju [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea); Krauss, Bernhard [Siemens Medical Solutions AG-Computed Tomography, Forchheim (Germany)

    2010-09-15

    Xenon ventilation CT using dual-source and dual-energy technique is a recently introduced, promising functional lung imaging method. To expand its clinical applications evidence of additional diagnostic value of xenon ventilation CT over conventional chest CT is required. To evaluate the usefulness of xenon ventilation CT using dual-source and dual-energy technique in children with bronchiolitis obliterans (BO). Seventeen children (age 7-18 years; 11 boys) with BO underwent xenon ventilation CT using dual-source and dual-energy technique. Xenon and CT density values were measured in normal and hyperlucent lung regions on CT and were compared between the two regions. Volumes of hyperlucent regions and ventilation defects were calculated with thresholds determined by visual and histogram-based analysis. Indexed volumes of hyperlucent lung regions and ventilation defects were correlated with pulmonary function test results. Effective doses of xenon CT were calculated. Xenon (14.6 {+-} 6.4 HU vs 26.1 {+-} 6.5 HU; P < 0.001) and CT density (-892.8 {+-} 25.4 HU vs -812.3 {+-} 38.7 HU; P < 0.001) values were significantly lower in hyperlucent regions than in normal lung regions. Xenon and CT density values showed significant positive correlation for the entire lung in 16 children ({gamma} = 0.55 {+-} 0.17, P < 0.001 or =0.017) and for hyperlucent regions in 13 children ({gamma} = 0.44 {+-} 0.16, P < 0.001 or =0.001-0.019). Indexed volumes and volume percentages of hyperlucent lung regions and ventilation defects showed strong negative correlations with forced expiratory volume [FEV1, ({gamma} = -0.64-0.85, P {<=} 0.006)], FEV1/forced vital capacity [FVC, ({gamma} = -0.63-0.84, P {<=} 0.008)], and forced midexpiratory flow rate [FEF{sub 25-75}, ({gamma} = -0.68-0.88, P {<=} 0.002). Volume percentages of xenon ventilation defects (35.0 {+-} 16.4%)] were not significantly different from those of hyperlucent lung regions (38.2 {+-} 18.6%). However, mismatches between the

  8. Bronquiolite obliterante pós-infecciosa: aspectos clínicos e exames complementares de 48 crianças Post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans: clinical aspects and complementary testing of 48 children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosaly Vieira dos Santos

    2004-02-01

    obliterans (BO is variable. OBJECTIVE: Substantiate the clinical characteristics, the evolution and the complementary tests of 48 patients with post infectious bronchiolitis obliterans (BO. METHOD: Observational and retrospective study. Diagnosis of BO was based upon clinical criteria, CT scan findings and exclusion of other diseases. History prior to diagnosis and complementary tests were evaluated as well as initial and final values of oxygen saturation. RESULTS: Mean age of patients at the acute stage of the infectious disease was of 9.6 Thirty two of the patients were male. All were hospitalized during the acute stage, 14 of them (29% in the ICU. Four patients died two years after onset of acute bronchiolitis. During evolution all required emergency care due to exacerbation of the pulmonary condition and 24 (50% were hospitalized, 2 of them in the ICU. The majority continued presenting cough, wheezing, crackles and hyperinflation, however to a lesser degree. Mean of initial arterial saturation was of 89% and final of 92%. The most common infectious agents in the sputum samples were H. influenzae, S. pneumoniae and M. caterrhalis. Increased serum IgM and IgG were found in 9 and 7 patients respectively. The most frequent findings at thorax CT scan were mosaic perfusion, bronchioectasis, atelectasis and bronchial wall thickening. CONCLUSION: Post infectious BO is a chronic and severe disease with persistent symptoms that in general affect infants. Positive serum cultures and increased serum immunoglobulins are suggestive of a chronic infectious inflammatory condition.

  9. Comparison of pulmonary function between bronchial asthma and bronchiolitis obliterans in infants%婴幼儿支气管哮喘和闭塞性细支气管炎患儿肺功能比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向莉; 饶小春; 焦安夏; 李珍; 任亦欣

    2012-01-01

    Objective To compare the results of pulmonary function test between bronchia asthma and bronchio-litis obliterans (BO) in infants. Methods Fifty-seven infants with bronchial asthma and 47 infants with BO aged from 0 to 3 years old were selected. Their tidal breathing flow-volume curves were tested by Master Screen Paed and the parameters were recorded including respiratory rate (RR), tidal volume over body weight (VT/kg) , ratio of inspiratory time to expiratory time (TI/TE) , ratio of time to reach tidal peak flow to total expiratory time (TPTEF/TE) , ratio of volume at tidal peak flow to total tidal volume (VPEF/VE). Pulmonary compliance (CrsSO/kg) and airway resistance (Rrs) were examined by the single occlusion technique. Results There was no significant difference in VT/kg between asthma group and BO (P < 0.05). RR and Rrs of BO group were significantly higher than that of asthma group (P < 0.05) . The levels of TI/TE, TPTEF/TE, VPEF/VE, TEF50/TIF50 and CrsSOAg in BO group were significantly lower than those in asthma group respectively (P < 0.05). Conclusions In infants with BO, compare with infants with asthma, the resistance of respiratory system and the degree of small airway obstruction increase, but the respiratory system compliance decreases. The evaluation of lung function can provide certain help to differentiate BO and asthma in infants.%目的 比较婴幼儿支气管哮喘和闭塞性毛细支气管炎(BO)患儿肺功能差异.方法 选择57例婴幼儿支气管哮喘和47例BO患儿,应用Master Screen Paed型肺功能仪测定潮气呼吸流量容积曲线,分析参数包括呼吸频率(RR)、每千克体质量潮气量(VT/kg)、吸呼比(TI/TE)、达峰时间比(TPTEF/TE)、达峰容积比(VPEF/VE)、呼吸气中期流速比值(TEF50/TIF50).单阻断法测定每千克体质量呼吸系统顺应性(CrsSO/kg)和呼吸系统阻力(Rrs).结果 支气管哮喘和BO患儿VT/kg差异无统计学意义(P > 0.05);BO患儿RR、Rrs显著高于支气管

  10. Test de marcha de seis minutos en niños con bronquiolitis obliterante postviral: Correlación con espirometría Six minute walk test in children with post-infectious obliterans bronchiolitis: Its relation with spirometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DANIEL ZENTENO A

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available la Bronquiolitis Obliterante (BO postviral produce alteraciones en la función pulmonar que pueden repercutir en la capacidad para realizar ejercicio, la cual se puede evaluar con el test de marcha de 6 minutos (TM6. Objetivo: Estudiar con esta prueba a niños con BO postviral y determinar la relación entre variables espirométricas y los resultados del TM6. Veintisiete pacientes, se estudiaron con espirometría basal y TM6. Se relacionaron variables espirométricas con resultados del TM6: distancia caminada, índice de Borg (IB, saturación de oxígeno (Sa0(2 y frecuencia cardíaca (FC, mediante Rho de Spearman utilizando SPSS 11,5. No hubo correlación entre la distancia caminada y ninguna variable espirométrica; la CVF sólo se correlacionó con Sa0(2 final (rho = 0,4; p = 0,02. El resto de las variables espirométricas se correlacionaron con IB, Sa0(2 y FC; destacando VEF1 con: IB (rho = -0,7; p Post infectious obliterans bronchiolitis (OB causes persistent pulmonary function impairment and could affect patient ability to perform exercise. Six minute-walk test (6MWT is a useful tool to study these aspects. Objective: Children with OB were evaluated with spirometry and 6MWT and the relationship between spirometrics measurements and 6MWT were determined. Twenty-seven children with OB were studied with a base line spirometry and 6MWT. Correlation between spirometry and 6MWT: covered distance, Borg index (BI, oxygen saturation (0(2S and heart rate (HR, were carried out using Rho of Spearman with SPSS 11.5. There was not relation between the covered distance and spirometrics values; only FVC correlates with final 0(2S (rho = 0.4; p = 0.02. The other spirometrics variables correlates with BI, 0(2S andHR; Interestingly FEV1correlates with: BI (rho = -0.7; p < 0.01, 0(2S (rho = 0.5; p < 0.01 and HR (rho = -0.5; p < 0.01. BI was significant related to FEV1/FVC (rho = -0.7; p < 0.01 and FEF25-75 (rho = -0.8; p < 0.01. Airflow obstruction

  11. Increased ADRP expression in human atherosclerotic lesions correlates with plaque instability

    OpenAIRE

    Xu, Bin; Zhao, Huiying; Wang, Shengnan; Sun, Xiwei; Qin, Xiujiao

    2015-01-01

    Adipose differentiation-related protein (ADRP) is intrinsically associated with the surface of lipid droplets implicated in the development of atherosclerosis. We analyzed expression of ADRP in human popliteal artery plaques. Atherosclerotic plaque tissue from the popliteal artery was obtained from 18 patients undergoing lower extremity amputation for arteriosclerosis obliterans, and with either stable (n = 6) or unstable (n = 12) atherosclerotic plaques. Plaques were histologically classifie...

  12. Função pulmonar de crianças e adolescentes com bronquiolite obliterante pós-infecciosa Pulmonary function in children and adolescents with postinfectious bronchiolitis obliterans

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    Rita Mattiello

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a função pulmonar de crianças e adolescentes com bronquiolite obliterante pós-infecciosa (BOPI e avaliar potenciais fatores de risco para pior função pulmonar. MÉTODOS: A função pulmonar de 77 participantes, com idades de 8-18 anos, foi avaliada por meio de espirometria e pletismografia. Os seguintes parâmetros foram analisados: CVF, VEF1, FEF25-75%, VEF1/CVF, VR, CPT, VR/CPT, volume de gás intratorácico e specific airway resistance (sRaw, resistência específica das vias aéreas. Foi utilizada a regressão de Poisson para investigar os seguintes potenciais fatores de risco para pior função pulmonar: sexo, idade do primeiro sibilo, idade ao diagnóstico, história familiar de asma, exposição ao tabaco, tempo de hospitalização e tempo de ventilação mecânica. RESULTADOS: A idade média foi de 13,5 anos. Houve uma diminuição importante de VEF1 e FEF25-75%, assim como um aumento de VR e sRaw, característicos de doença obstrutiva das vias aéreas. Os parâmetros mais afetados e as médias percentuais dos valores previstos foram VEF1 = 45,9%; FEF25-75% = 21,5%; VR = 281,1%; VR/CPT = 236,2%; e sRaw = 665,3%. Nenhum dos potenciais fatores de risco avaliados apresentou uma associação significativa com pior função pulmonar. CONCLUSÕES: As crianças com BOPI apresentaram um padrão comum de comprometimento grave da função pulmonar, caracterizado por uma obstrução importante das vias aéreas e um expressivo aumento de VR e sRaw. A combinação de medidas espirométricas e pletismográficas pode ser mais útil na avaliação do dano funcional, assim como no acompanhamento desses pacientes. Fatores de riscos conhecidos para doenças respiratórias não parecem estar associados a pior função pulmonar em BOPI.OBJECTIVE: To describe the pulmonary function in children and adolescents with postinfectious bronchiolitis obliterans (PIBO, as well as to evaluate potential risk factors for severe impairment of

  13. Avaliação do estado nutricional de crianças e adolescentes com bronquiolite obliterante pós-infecciosa Assessment of nutritional status in children and adolescents with post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans

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    Vera Lúcia Bosa

    2008-08-01

    bronchiolitis obliterans and to analyze associations with clinical and nutritional factors. METHODS: The study included 57 patients. Nutritional status was assessed using z scores for weight/age, stature/age, weight/stature in children, and stature/age and body mass index percentiles in adolescents. Body composition was assessed via tricipital skin folds, subscapular skin folds, and the sum of both plus the muscular circumference of the arm; pulmonary function was also investigated in subjects over 8 years old. RESULTS: The high percentages of malnutrition and risk for malnutrition are noteworthy: 21.7 and 17.5%, respectively. Among children, weight/age and stature/age detected higher percentages of malnutrition (21.6 and 16.2%, while weight/stature underestimated this diagnosis. Among adolescents, body mass index detected a high percentage of malnutrition (25% and of risk for malnutrition (20%. Body composition analysis detected 51% of patients with low muscle reserves, and the majority of patients had normal fat reserves. Compromised pulmonary function was associated with poor performance at exercise (r = 0.434; p = 0.024. Malnutrition and/or nutritional risk and low muscle reserves were significantly associated with the 6-minute walk test (p = 0.032; p = 0.030. There was no association between spirometry and the nutritional variables (p > 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: These results emphasize the need for nutritional intervention, and suggest that, in addition to using weight and height indices for nutritional assessment, it is necessary to combine these with an analysis of body composition, so that a larger number of patients with malnutrition and/or at an increased risk of developing malnutrition may be identified and correctly managed.

  14. Función pulmonar y calidad de vida en niños y adolescentes con bronquiolitis obliterante por adenovirus Pulmonary function and quality of life in children and adolescents with bronchiolitis obliterans post-adenoviral infection

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    Stefhanie Nayar E

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La infección por adenovirus es una causa importante de neumonía en niños chilenos. La bronquiolitis obliterante (BOPI es la complicación más importante. Existen pocos estudios donde evalúen la función pulmonar y la calidad de vida de los pacientes con BOPI. Objetivo: Evaluar la función pulmonar y la calidad de vida de los pacientes con BOPI y la correlación entre ambas variables. Métodos: Se incluyeron 14 niños con BOPI en elpoliclínico de la unidad de broncopulmonar de un hospital público de niños. Período de estudio: abril de 2009-abril de 2010. La función pulmonar se evaluó en una visita médica por espirometría, curva flujo / volumen y la determinación de volumen de gas intratorácico. Los índices analizados fueron los siguientes CVF, VEF1, FEV25-75, VEF1/CVF, VR,CPT, VR y VR / CPT. En la misma visita se realizó una encuesta auto-administrada de Calidad de Vida (PedsQL, versión 4.0, español de Chile para investigar la calidad de vida global, física y psi-cosocial. Se aplicó la correlación lineal de Pearson entre calidad de vida y los parámetros de función pulmonar. Se consideró estadísticamente significativo unp Introduction: Adenovirus infection is an important cause of pneumonia in Chilean children. Postinfectious Bronchiolitis Obliterans (PIBO is the most important complication. There are few studies assessing pulmonary function and quality of life in PIBO patients. Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the pulmonary function and the quality of life ofpatients with PIBO and the correlation between both variables. Methods: 14 children with PIBO in follow up at the pediatric pulmonology outpatient clinic of a public children hospital were included in this study. Study period: April 2009 - April 2010. Pulmonary function was assessed in a medical visit by spirometry, flow/volume curve and intrathoracic gas volume measurement. The following indices were analyzed FVC, FEV1, FEV25-75, FEV1/FVC

  15. Guía clínica para el diagnóstico y cuidado de niños/adolescentes con bronquiolitis obliterante post-infecciosa, 2009 Clinical guide for diagnosis and care of children and adolescents with post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans, 2009

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    LUIS E VEGA-BRICEÑO

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La bronquiolitis obliterante (BO es un síndrome clínico poco frecuente en niños, caracterizado por la obstrucción crónica al flujo de aire asociado a cambios inflamatorios y distintos grados de fibrosis en la vía aérea pequeña. Si bien existen muchas etiologías, la causa más frecuente se asocia a infecciones respiratorias virales, principalmente adenovirus. No existe un consenso para establecer su diagnóstico; sin embargo, se considera un espectro de síntomas persistentes asociados a un patrón en mosaico, bronquiectasias y atelectasias persistentes. El papel de la biopsia pulmonar ha sido cuestionado por su bajo rendimiento, invasividad y complicaciones. No existe un tratamiento específico por lo que el manejo es soporte. Probablemente la mejor estrategia constituya el empleo de antibióticos en forma agresiva, soporte kinésico y nutricional constante y una precoz rehabilitación pulmonar. Estas guías clínicas representan un esfuerzo multidisciplinario, basado en evidencias actuales para brindar herramientas prácticas para el diagnóstico y cuidado de niños y adolescentes con BO post infecciosa.Bronchiolitis obliterans in children is an infrequent clinical syndrome, characterized by chronic airflow obstruction associated to inflammatory changes and different degrees of fibrosis in the small airways. Etiologies are varied but the most frequent one is the association with viral infections, mainly adenovirus. There is no consensus regarding diagnostic criteria, but a spectrum of persistent symptoms together with a mosaic pattern, bronchiectasis and persistent atelectasis is considered useful. Pulmonary biopsy has been questioned because of its low yield, invasiveness and complications. No specific treatment is available, therefore its treatment is supportive. Probably the best strategy is the aggressive use of antibiotics, constant kinesic and nutritional support and early pulmonary rehabilitation. This clinical guide represents

  16. Immune-Mediated Vascular Injury and Dysfunction in Transplant Arteriosclerosis

    OpenAIRE

    von Rossum, Anna; Laher, Ismail; Choy, Jonathan C.

    2015-01-01

    Solid organ transplantation is the only treatment for end-stage organ failure but this life-saving procedure is limited by immune-mediated rejection of most grafts. Blood vessels within transplanted organs are targeted by the immune system and the resultant vascular damage is a main contributor to acute and chronic graft failure. The vasculature is a unique tissue with specific immunological properties. This review discusses the interactions of the immune system with blood vessels in transpla...

  17. 周围动脉硬化指标结合运动负荷试验预测冠状动脉狭窄程度的临床意义%Clinical significance of combined peripheral arteriosclerosis index and exercise load test in predictiing severity of coronary artery stenosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张红; 李小鹰; 罗学胜; 陈穗; 张建; 陈琳; 孟艳玲; 何璐

    2012-01-01

    Objectives To study the clinical significance of peripheral arteriosclerosis index in predicting early occurrence and severity of coronary heart disease. Methods Fifty-six patients admitted to Department of Cardiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, were enrolled in this study. Their ankle-brachial index( ABI) ,brachial ankle artery pulse wave velocity(baPWV) ,and haPWV were measured before and after exercise by treadmill test followed by coronary angiography and analyzed by chi-squre test. The patients were divided into non-disease group(n= 9), non-significant stenosis group(n= 12) ,single vessel lesion group(n=17) ,2-vessel lesion group and 3-vessel lesion group according to their angiographic findings. Results No significant difference was found in ABI among the 4 groups at rest(P>0. 05). The baPWV and haPWV were significantly higher in coronary heart disease group than in non-disease group(P0. 05). The ABI, baPWV and haPWV decreased immediately after treadmill exercise. Conclusion The significantly increased resting baPWV and haPWV can predict coronary heart disease,but cannot predict its severity. The ABI before and after exercise and the baPWV and haPWV after exercise can hardly predict the occurrence and severity of coronary heart disease.%目的 探讨周围动脉硬化指标对早期预测冠心病及冠状动脉病变程度的临床意义.方法 随机选取解放军总医院心内科住院患者56例,平板运动试验前后完成静息性及运动后即刻踝臂指数( ankle-brachial index,ABI);肱动脉-踝动脉脉搏波速度(brachial ankle artery pulse wave velocity,baPWV)、上行主动脉-踝动脉脉搏波速度(haPWV)检测,同时完成冠状动脉造影检查,根据造影结果,分为无病变组9例,无意义狭窄组12例,单支病变组17例,双支病变组9例及3支病变组9例,对各组患者运动前后ABI、baPWV及haPWV进行统计学分析.结果 静息状态下,与无病变组比较,冠状动脉病变各

  18. Bronquiolite obliterante: perfil clínico e radiológico de crianças acompanhadas em ambulatório de referência Bronquiolitis obliterante: perfil clínico y radiológico de 35 niños acompañados en ambulatorio de referencia Bronchiolitis obliterans: clinical and radiological profile of children followed-up in a reference outpatient clinic

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    Carolina Arcanjo Lino

    2013-03-01

    los pediatras frente a lactantes silbadores graves y perennes.OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical and radiological characteristics of patients with bronchiolitis obliterans. METHODS: This is a retrospective and descriptive study. Data were collected from patients diagnosed with bronchiolitis obliterans between 2004 and 2008 in the Pediatric Pulmonology Clinic of Hospital Infantil Albert Sabin, in Ceará, Northeast Brazil. Such diagnosis was based on clinical and tomographic criteria. Previous history, clinical findings at the diagnosis, complementary exams, and follow-up data were evaluated. RESULTS: 35 children diagnosed with bronchiolitis obliterans were identified. There was a predominance of male patients (3:1. The mean age at the onset of symptoms was 7.5 months, and bronchiolitis obliterans was diagnosed at a mean age of 21.8 months. The most common clinical findings were crackles/wheezing, tachypnea, dyspnea, and chest deformity. Post-infectious etiology was the main cause of bronchiolitis obliterans. Predominant findings at chest X-ray and high resolution computed tomography were peri-bronchial thickening and mosaic pattern, respectively. The treatment was variable and individualized. The majority of patients improved during follow-up, despite the persistence of respiratory symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the predominance of male patients and post-infectious etiology was noted, corroborating scientific literature. The most common tomographic findings were similar to those described in previous studies (mosaic pattern, peri-bronchial thickening, and bronchiectasis. Evidence about the treatment of this disease is still lacking. The diagnosis was delayed, which indicates that clinical suspicion of bronchiolitis obliterans is necessary in children with persistent and severe wheezing.

  19. An Approach to Relativity of the Lower Extremity Atherosclerosis Obliterans Syndrome Differentiation Typing and Endothelial Function%下肢动脉硬化闭塞症辨证分型与血管内皮功能相关性探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建鹏; 王峥

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To research the relativity of the lower extremity atherosclerosis obliterans (ASO) syndrome differentiation typing and endothelial function.Methods: 161 cases of ASO in various typings based on syndrome differentiation were observed, the endothelial function indexes were detected.SPSS11.5 for windows software was adopted for statistical treatment.Results :ASO patients had severe endothelial dysfunction(ED) ,ET- 1 and TXB2 in blood plasma of Damp -heat pouring down syndrome group were significantly higher than other groups' s( P < 0.01 ), and the same result to Blood stasis syndrome group' s.But NO in blood serum and 6 - Keto - PGF1α in blood plasma of Damp - heat pouring down syndrome group and Blood stasis syndrome group were significantly lower than Yin -cold congealing syndrome group and Spleen- kidney yang deficiency syndrome group's(P < 0.05 )Conclusion: With respect to the severity of ED, Damp - heat pouring down syndrome group is highest, Blood stasis syndrome group take second place, Yin -cold congealing syndrome group and Spleen -kidney yang deficiency syndrome group is lower.%目的:探讨不同证型的下肢动脉硬化闭塞症(ASO)与血管内皮功能的相关性.方法:选择ASO患者共161例,经辨证后检测各证型患者血管内皮功能指标,采用SPSS 11.5软件包对数据进行统计学处理.结果:ASO患者存在较为严重的血管内皮功能障碍(ED),湿热下注证组患者血浆ET-1、TXB2水平高于其它证型组(P<0.01),血脉瘀阻证为其次;而血清NO水平在此两证型中低于阴寒结聚证及脾肾阳虚证(P<0.05).结论:下肢动脉硬化闭塞症(ASO)湿热下注证血管内皮功能障碍(ED)最为严重,其次为血脉瘀阻证,阴寒结聚证及脾肾阳虚证内皮功能障碍相对较轻.

  20. /sup 99m/Tc radionuclide angioscintigraphic perfusion analysis in the assessment and follow-up of peripheral vascular diseases of the lower limbs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Peripheral arterial diseases (PADs) of the lower limbs such as thromboangitis obliterans (TAO) (Buerger's disease), arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO) and diabetes mellitus, produce trophic disturbances occurring most often in the toes. Perfusion analysis of the foot and toes was previously reported. The analysis utilized radionuclide arteriography (RNA) during reactive hyperaemia to obtain peak activity in RNA time-activity curves (TACs). RNA was also used to assess healing capability of skin ulcers of the calf and ankle, which depends on localized enhancement of capillary blood flow. On these bases, detection of capillary blood flow assumes primary importance in the assessment of peripheral vascular disease (PVD). The purpose of this study was to determine whether RNA of the toes at rest could provide adequate assessment of microcirculation in PVD and of microcirculatory changes induced by lumbar sympathectomy (LS)

  1. Bronchiolitis obliterans organising pneumonia: a consequence of breast radiotherapy

    OpenAIRE

    Fahim, Ahmed; Campbell, Anne P; Hart, Simon Paul

    2012-01-01

    The authors describe a case of 51-year-old woman who presented with breathlessness following radiotherapy for breast carcinoma. A chest radiograph and thoracic CT scan revealed extensive airspace consolidation affecting right upper and lower lobes. A trans-bronchial biopsy revealed evidence of foamy macrophages and fibroblastic plugs within alveoli, consistent with organising pneumonia. Indirect immunofluorescence microscopy revealed evidence of antiepithelial antibodies. Gradual but complete...

  2. [Bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia associated with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Presas, J L; Piriz, J; Serra, S L; Paz, E D; Allievi, A; Kartin, D; Olmedo, G

    1998-01-01

    We report a case of a 35 year-old woman with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) who, under treatment with immunosuppressive drugs, developed bilateral interstitial pulmonary disease. Previously she had been splenectomized and treated with corticosteroids and cyclosporin. During the clinical course, the patient developed alterations of the hepatogram and presented a positive serology for Epstein-Barr virus. The lung biopsy showed the histologic pattern of obliterative bronchiolitis, interstitial inflammatory infiltration and intraalveolar pneumonia (BOOP). We could not find in the literature a previous report in which ITP was associated with BOOP. Of interest was the spontaneous remission of the pulmonary disease after suppression of cyclosporin and positive serology for Epstein-Barr virus. PMID:9674210

  3. Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia - Idiopathic Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organizing Pneumonia

    OpenAIRE

    Bekić, Anto; Mehulić, Muharem; Krmpotić, Diana; Kukulj, Suzana; Gorečan, Marijan; Križanac, Šimun

    2004-01-01

    Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia is a rare pulmonary disease with characteristic clinical, radiologic and histologic features. The radiologic presentation, and ventilatory and respiratory lung functions reflect the presence of intra-alveolar buds of granulation tissue occurring within the alveoli and alveolar ducts but rarely occupying the bronchiolar lumen. Therefore, it has been accepted that the diagnosis of these characteristic but not specific presentations of cryptogenic organizing pneu...

  4. Arteriosclerosis and the promise of GPIIb/IIIa inhibitors in stroke Arteriosclerosis y nuevas perspectivas de los inhibidores del receptor GPIIb/IIIa en stroke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GUSTAVO SAPOSNIK

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available Ischemic mechanisms in patients with brain and heart attacks have been studied for more than 150 years. Antiplatelets agents did show benefit in secondary prevention. Aspirin is the most common antiaggregant in clinical use today. However, the benefit produced by the "best" antiplatelet regimen in stroke prevention is lower than 40%. The adherence of circulating platelets to the subendothelium is mediated by glycoprotein (GP residing on the cell's surface. GPIIb/IIIa is the most important platelet membrane receptor that mediates the process of platelet aggregation, and thrombus formation. Thus, new drugs that block the GPIIb/IIIa receptor have recently emerged. Clinical trials using these agents have shown effectiveness in acute coronary syndromes. However, the absence of studies in cerebrovascular disease and the potential hemorrhagic complications questioned their use in stroke prevention. We review the clinical trials using the new GPIIb/IIIa agents in myocardial ischemia, and consider the potential implications for cerebrovascular disease.Los mecanismos de isquemia en infarto de miocardio y enfermedad cerebrovascular (ECV han sido estudiados por mas de 150 años. Drogas antiplaquetarias mostraron un beneficio en la prevención secundaria. La aspirina es el mas común de los antiagregantes usados en la practica clínica. No obstante, el beneficio producido, aun con el "mejor" tratamiento antiagregante, en la prevención de ECV es inferior al 40%. La adhesión plaquetaria es un proceso mediado por glicoproteinas (GP de la membrana celular. GPIIb/IIIa es un receptor de membrana plaquetaria que interviene en el proceso de agregación plaquetaria y formación del trombo. Estudios clínicos con nuevos agentes que bloquean a este receptor mostraron ser efectivos en los síndromes coronarios agudos. No obstante, la falta de estudios en ECV y las potenciales complicaciones hemorrágicas, limitan su uso en la prevención de stroke. Revisamos los mecanismos de trombogenésis y los estudios clínicos con los nuevos agentes GPIIb/IIIa, considerando sus implicancias en ECV.

  5. Relationship between non-dipper hypertension and arteriosclerosis in the elderly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈策

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the influence of non-dipper blood pressure rhythm on peripheral atherosclerosis in elderly hypertensive patients.Methods The 199 elderly hypertensive patients with 24-hour average systolic blood pressure<140 mmH g were selected.Body mass index(BMI),glycosylated hemoglobin,blood lipids,uric acid,creatinine,Brachial ankle pulse wave velocity(ba PWV),ankle arm index(ABI)and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring were tested and calculated.The elderly patients were divided into dipper hypertensive group(n=95),and non-dipper hypertensive

  6. Overexpression of ABCG1 protein attenuates arteriosclerosis and endothelial dysfunction in atherosclerotic rabbits

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    Martin Ungerer

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The ABCG1 protein is centrally involved in reverse cholesterol transport from the vessel wall. Investigation of the effects of ABCG1 overexpression or knockdown in vivo has produced controversial results and strongly depended on the gene intervention model in which it was studied. Therefore, we investigated the effect of local overexpression of human ABCG1 in a novel model of vessel wall-directed adenoviral gene transfer in atherosclerotic rabbits. We conducted local, vascular-specific gene transfer by adenoviral delivery of human ABCG1 (Ad-ABCG1-GFP in cholesterol-fed atherosclerotic rabbits in vivo. Endothelial overexpression of ABCG1 markedly reduced atheroprogression (plaque size and almost blunted vascular inflammation, as shown by markedly reduced macrophage and smooth muscle cell invasion into the vascular wall. Also endothelial function, as determined by vascular ultrasound in vivo, was improved in rabbits after gene transfer with Ad-ABCG1-GFP. Therefore, both earlier and later stages of atherosclerosis were improved in this model of somatic gene transfer into the vessel wall. In contrast to results in transgenic mice, overexpression of ABCG1 by somatic gene transfer to the atherosclerotic vessel wall results in a significant improvement of plaque morphology and composition, and of vascular function in vivo.

  7. Impact of arteriosclerosis on the functioning of arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stolić Radojica

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Numerous clinical studies have shown that the incidence of artheriosclerosis is higher in patients with progressive renal insufficiency. The aim of this study was to examine the incidence of artheriosclerosis in patients on chronic hemodialysis and its influence on survival and functioning of vascular access. Methods. The study was organized as one-year prospective study. All the patients had arteriovenous fistulas native as a vascular access. The study analyzed demographic, biochemical, clinical and Doppler echomorphological characteristics of the patients in order to make an evidence of artheriosclerotic incidences as compared to functioning arteriovenous fistulas for hemodialysis. Results. The examined patients were of the mean age 55.7±12.68 years. Of them, 53.8% were males and 46.2% females. Functioning arteriovenous fistulas for haemodialysis were found in 56.8% of the examined patients. Concentration of hemoglobin was a significant parameter of functioning fistula (group with complications - 89±14.034 vs. group with no complications - 96.6±17.71; p = 0.0489. An amount of urea removed (URR was a statistically more significant parameter among the patients without fistula complications: (group with complications - 58.67±7.92% vs. group with no complications - 62.80±7.53%; p = 0.037. A Cox regressive analysis of an index of Doppler parameters of the carotid arteries found no statistical significance between the examined groups. There was a positive correlation between artheriosclerosis and the age, as well as the time on dialysis. In multiple regression, where intima media is a dependent and the age and time on dialysis independent variables, the regressive model was statistically significant (F = 8.22, p = 0.001. Both independent variables had statistically significant inclinations, p < 0.01. Conclusion. Anemia and the level of urea elimination, as a statistically significant indicator of hemodialysis adequacy, were in correlation with the risk for fistula complications. B-mode ultrasonography of the carotid arteries is a significant non-invasive method for detecting artheriosclerosis. Intima- media thickness of the carotid arteries was an important marker of artheriosclerosis correlating significantly with the age and time on dialysis, but not with the traditional risk factors.

  8. Laser Doppler vibrometry for assessment of arteriosclerosis: A first step towards validation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It has been shown that in cardiovascular risk management, stiffness of large arteries has a very good predictive value for cardiovascular disease and mortality. This parameter can be estimated from the pulse wave velocity (PWV) measured between the common carotid artery (CCA) in the neck and femoral artery (FA) in the groin. However PWV can also be measured locally in the CCA, using non-invasive methods such as ultrasound (US) or laser Doppler vibrometry (LDV). Potential of the latter approach was already explored in previous research, and in this work a first step towards clinical validation is made. 50 hypertension II/III patients aged between 30 and 65 participate in the study. Patients were asked to remain sober for 4 hours prior to the measurements. The trajectory of the CCA in the neck was determined by a trained clinician guided by an US probe. 3 laser Doppler vibrometer (LDV) systems were aimed along the CCA. PWV was then calculated from the distance between beams and the time-shift between waveforms. Immediately after LDV measurements, PWV was measured with US. Additionally, carotid-femoral PWV was measured. As a validation, PWV results of the different techniques were compared with each other, and with medical background of the test subjects. Since data acquisition is still ongoing, data from only 20 patients will be discussed. No trends between measurement methods for PWV are apparent. However, a positive trend was detected between PWV as measured with LDV and blood pressure. More data, including additional experiments will be needed to verify this observation

  9. Laser Doppler vibrometry for assessment of arteriosclerosis: A first step towards validation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campo, Adriaan; Dirckx, Joris

    2014-05-01

    It has been shown that in cardiovascular risk management, stiffness of large arteries has a very good predictive value for cardiovascular disease and mortality. This parameter can be estimated from the pulse wave velocity (PWV) measured between the common carotid artery (CCA) in the neck and femoral artery (FA) in the groin. However PWV can also be measured locally in the CCA, using non-invasive methods such as ultrasound (US) or laser Doppler vibrometry (LDV). Potential of the latter approach was already explored in previous research, and in this work a first step towards clinical validation is made. 50 hypertension II/III patients aged between 30 and 65 participate in the study. Patients were asked to remain sober for 4 hours prior to the measurements. The trajectory of the CCA in the neck was determined by a trained clinician guided by an US probe. 3 laser Doppler vibrometer (LDV) systems were aimed along the CCA. PWV was then calculated from the distance between beams and the time-shift between waveforms. Immediately after LDV measurements, PWV was measured with US. Additionally, carotid-femoral PWV was measured. As a validation, PWV results of the different techniques were compared with each other, and with medical background of the test subjects. Since data acquisition is still ongoing, data from only 20 patients will be discussed. No trends between measurement methods for PWV are apparent. However, a positive trend was detected between PWV as measured with LDV and blood pressure. More data, including additional experiments will be needed to verify this observation.

  10. Laser Doppler vibrometry for assessment of arteriosclerosis: A first step towards validation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campo, Adriaan; Dirckx, Joris [University of Antwerp, Laboratory of Biomedical Physics, Groenenborgerlaan 171 2020 Antwerp (Belgium)

    2014-05-27

    It has been shown that in cardiovascular risk management, stiffness of large arteries has a very good predictive value for cardiovascular disease and mortality. This parameter can be estimated from the pulse wave velocity (PWV) measured between the common carotid artery (CCA) in the neck and femoral artery (FA) in the groin. However PWV can also be measured locally in the CCA, using non-invasive methods such as ultrasound (US) or laser Doppler vibrometry (LDV). Potential of the latter approach was already explored in previous research, and in this work a first step towards clinical validation is made. 50 hypertension II/III patients aged between 30 and 65 participate in the study. Patients were asked to remain sober for 4 hours prior to the measurements. The trajectory of the CCA in the neck was determined by a trained clinician guided by an US probe. 3 laser Doppler vibrometer (LDV) systems were aimed along the CCA. PWV was then calculated from the distance between beams and the time-shift between waveforms. Immediately after LDV measurements, PWV was measured with US. Additionally, carotid-femoral PWV was measured. As a validation, PWV results of the different techniques were compared with each other, and with medical background of the test subjects. Since data acquisition is still ongoing, data from only 20 patients will be discussed. No trends between measurement methods for PWV are apparent. However, a positive trend was detected between PWV as measured with LDV and blood pressure. More data, including additional experiments will be needed to verify this observation.

  11. Minimal distal pressure rise after reconstructive arterial surgery in patients with multiple obstructive arteriosclerosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Noer, Ivan; Tønnesen, K H; Sager, P

    1980-01-01

    fifteen had ischemic ulcers. The preoperative median pressure index (per cent of arm systolic pressure) was 10% on the 1st toe. At the 10th postoperative day the median toe pressure rose to 25%. A further rise took place at the one month control to 30% which was unchanged throughout the study. All...... patients with a persistent postoperative toe pressure above 20% of arm systolic pressure were ultimately relieved from rest pain and chronic ulcers....

  12. Origin of vascular smooth muscle cells and the role of circulating stem cells in transplant arteriosclerosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hillebrands, JL; Klatter, FA; Rozing, J

    2003-01-01

    To date, clinical solid-organ transplantation has not achieved its goals as a long-term treatment for patients with end-stage organ failure. Development of so-called chronic transplant dysfunction (CTD) is now recognized as the predominant cause of allograft loss long term (after the first postopera

  13. Usefulness of three-dimensional CT angiography employing MDCT for peripheral artery occlusive disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of three-dimensional CT angiography (3D-CTA) using MDCT for arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO) in comparison with conventional intravenous digital subtraction angiography (IVDSA). MDCT and IVDSA were performed in 18 patients (mean age 69) with ASO. The number of occlusive lesions was 31 (10 occlusions and 21 stenoses). Three-dimensional CT images were displayed with volume rendering (VR) and maximum intensity projection (MIP). 3D-CTA and IVDSA were compared regarding visualization of the iliac and lower extremity arteries and of occlusive lesions. The visualization and detection of iliac and lower extremity arteries and occlusive lesions by 3D-CTA were possible in all the patients. In 2 patients, the detection of the tibial arteries was more difficult by 3D-CTA, as compared with IVDSA, because of venous return. In the other patients, 3D-CTA showed equal or clearer images than IVDSA. (author)

  14. The evaluation of asymptomatic arterial occlusive disease of the legs using an exercise test.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Usui,Yoshiyuki

    1984-12-01

    Full Text Available The Doppler-derived ankle pressure index (API is a useful indicator of the necessity for peripheral vascular reconstruction of the lower extremities. But the API at rest dose not reflect the functional capacity of leg circulation, especially in the early stage of disease. Therefore, an asymptomatic but hemodynamically significant lesion in one leg is sometimes missed by pressure measurement at rest when there is a severe lesion with symptoms in the other leg. In this study, the API not only at rest but also after exercise was measured in twenty normal subjects and thirty-two patients with angiographically proven arteriosclerosis obliterans. About 60% of the patients had unilateral symptoms, although they had significant disease bilaterally. The API after exercise proved to be more sensitive than the API at rest and may be useful in assessing asymptomatic legs of such patients and determining their surgical indication.

  15. Specific enhancement of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production in ischemic region by alprostadil--potential therapeutic application in pharmaceutical regenerative medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inoue, Hajime; Aihara, Masaki; Tomioka, Miyuki; Watabe, Yu-ichi

    2013-01-01

    Alprostadil (lipo-PGE1) is a drug delivery system preparation. This preparation is applied to treat refractory skin ulcers and arteriosclerosis obliterans. We investigated the effects of alprostadil by using the earflap ischemic model. The following results were obtained: 1) Treatment with alprostadil significantly increased the VEGF contents in an ischemic ear; 2) Treatment with alprostadil resulted in strongly expressed VEGF levels only in the ischemic region; 3) Image analysis revealed a significant increase in the number of vessel bypasses and paths after flap creation with alprostadil administration compared to the vehicle-treated ears. The results suggest that it may be possible to apply alprostadil as one device for regenerative medical technology. PMID:23728380

  16. Hemodynamic study of ischemic limb by velocity measurement in foot

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    By means of a tracer technique with 99mTc-pertechnetate, provided with seven zonal regions of interest, 6 mm in width, placed at equal spaces of 18 mm, from the toe tip to the midfoot at a right angle to the long axis of the foot, arterial flow velocity in the foot during reactive hyperemia was measured. The mean velocity in the foot was 5.66 +/- 1.78 cm/sec in 14 normal limbs, 1.58 +/- 1.07 cm/sec in 29 limbs with distal thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO), 0.89 +/- 0.61 cm/sec in 13 limbs with proximal TAO, and 0.97 +/- 0.85 cm/sec in 15 limbs with arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO). The velocity returned to normal in all 12 limbs after successful arterial reconstruction, whereas the foot or toe blood pressure remained pathologic in 9 of the 12 limbs postoperatively; the velocity reverted to normal in 4 of 13 limbs after lumbar sympathectomy. When the velocity was normalized after operation, the ulceration healed favorably, and the ischemic limb was salvaged. The most characteristic feature of peripheral arterial occlusive disease of the lower extremity was a stagnation of arterial circulation in the foot, and the flow velocity in the foot was a sensitive predictive index of limb salvage

  17. Treatment of lower extremity arterial occlusive through retrograde access

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To explore the clinical significance of retrograde access for the interventional treatment of lower extremity arterial occlusive diseases when the occluded segment of lower extremity artery could not be reached through antegrade access. Methods: Twenty-seven cases (male 17, female 10; age range 32-89 years) were retrospectively investigated, including 18 with lower limb arteriosclerosis obliterans, 7 with diabetic foot and 2 with thromboangiitis obliterans. According to the Fontaine staging, 6 cases were classified as Fontaine Ⅱ, 11 were classified as Fontaine Ⅲ and 10 were classified as Fontaine Ⅳ. All cases underwent endovascular operation through antegrade access first with an attempt to cross the occlusive segment, but in vain. So retrograde access was tried via puncture of pedis dorsalis or posterior tibial artery or exposure of lateral branches of posterior tibial artery, peroneal artery or dorsal artery by open surgery,which followed by Percutaneous transluminal angiography and (or) stenting. Results: The operation through retrograde access was successful in all cases with obvious improvement of ischemic symptoms. Hematoma at the puncture site occurred in 3 patients, and paresthesia of toes occurred in 1 after dorsalis pedis arteriotomy. No severe perioperative complication occurred. The average ankle brachial index increased from 0.37 ± 0.11 preoperatively to 0.85 ± 0.12 postoperatively. Conclusions: Retrograde access could be used as an alternative strategy in lower extremity arterial occlusive diseases when the occluded segment could not reach through antegrade access. (authors)

  18. A case of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) after breast conserving therapy for early breast cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A case of BOOP occurring after radiotherapy for breast cancer was reported. TBLB and BAL were performed at the time of diagnosis. This case suggested that radiographic changes began in the irradiated area, then later spread to non-irradiated areas. In this article, we discussed the peculiary radiographic image, pathological manifestation, BAL characteristics and clinical course in this sequela. (author)

  19. [A case of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia: diagnostic utility of bronchoalveolar lavage and CT scan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyakudo, T; Yoshii, C; Nikaido, Y; Yokosaki, Y; Nagata, N; Nakata, H; Kido, M

    1994-08-01

    A 54-year-old female was admitted to our hospital because of abnormal shadows on chest X-ray at annual checkup. She complained of dyspnea on exertion. Chest X-ray findings showed an increase in density at the bilateral lower lung fields and unclearness of the silhouette of the heart and the diaphragm. CT scan findings revealed irregular opacities of various density with many small cystic changes and air bronchograms and air bronchiolograms. The pulmonary function test showed restrictive ventilatory disturbance and reduced diffusing capacity. BALF findings revealed an increase in the total cell count, an increase in the percentage of lymphocytes and a decrease in the OKT4+/OKT8+ ratio. TBLB specimen showed infiltration of mononuclear cells in alveolar septa and organizing exudate in alveolar ducts. These findings suggested a diagnosis of BOOP rather than IPF, and an open lung biopsy was performed. Open lung biopsy specimen showed obstructive bronchiolitis with polypoid granulation tissue and thickening of alveolar septa with infiltration of mononuclear cells, and she was diagnosed as having BOOP. She responded well to corticosteroid and is free from any abnormalities on chest X-ray, CT scan and pulmonary function test at present. Analysis of BALF and CT scan findings are useful for the differential diagnosis of BOOP and IPF. PMID:7807756

  20. Activation of monocytes and cytokine production in patients with peripheral atherosclerosis obliterans

    OpenAIRE

    Lastória Sidney; Calvi Sueli A; Dias-Melicio Luciane A; Corrêa Camila R; Soares Angela MVC

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Arterial peripheral disease is a condition caused by the blocked blood flow resulting from arterial cholesterol deposits within the arms, legs and aorta. Studies have shown that macrophages in atherosclerotic plaque are highly activated, which makes these cells important antigen-presenting cells that develop a specific immune response, in which LDLox is the inducing antigen. As functional changes of cells which participate in the atherogenesis process may occur in the peri...

  1. Arteriosclerosis carotidea en niños y adolescentes infectados por el VIH: factores fisiopatológicos implicados

    OpenAIRE

    Sainz Costa, Talía

    2014-01-01

    Entre otras patologías asociadas al envejecimiento prematuro, se ha descrito en pacientes infectados por el VIH un aumento de enfermedad arteriosclerótica a una edad relativamente joven. A pesar de ser foco de intensa investigación, las causas del aumento del riesgo cardiovascular en esta población no se conocen con exactitud, debido probablemente a que se trata de un proceso multifactorial. Actualmente existen diferentes métodos no invasivos que permiten evaluar el desarrollo de enfermedad c...

  2. Evaluation of atherosclerotic change of the aorta by enhanced computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Intimal atherosclerotic changes of the aorta were quantified by enhanced computed tomography (enhanced CT) and were examined in terms of their relation to other atherosclerotic characteristics, including calcification and aortic pulse wave velocity, diameter of the aorta, and arteriosclerotic risk factors. A total of 413 subjects were studied, consisting of normal volunteers and patients with cardiovascular diseases. Enhanced CT revealed the atheromatous intima as a projecting and thickened wall. Thus, the ratio of the intimal atherosclerotic change to the whole round was determined in various aortic sites. The diameter of the aorta decreased in accordance with the location from the ascending aorta to aortic ending. The diameter of the infrarenal abdominal aorta was 1.5 times larger than that of the ascending aorta, irrespective of age. The diameter of each region of the aorta increased with advancing age; in the age group of 70 years or older, it was 1.5 times larger that that in the age group of 40 years or younger. The intimal change was noted in the middle descending thoracic aorta and infrarenal abdominal aorta. It was proportional to an increase in the aortic pulse wave velocity, the diameter of the aorta, and the intimal calcification. Intimal changes of the aorta were increased in cerebrovascular disease, ischemic heart disease, arteriosclerosis obliterans, hypertension and diabetes mellitus. In particular, hypertension accompanied by diabetes mellitus or high cholesterolemia tended to accelerate the intimal change. In conclusion, aortic intimal changes, as detected on enhanced CT, is useful for the noninvasive diagnosis of arteriosclerosis. (N.K.)

  3. Evaluation of atherosclerotic change of the aorta by enhanced computed tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takasu, Junichiro (Chiba Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine)

    1990-10-01

    Intimal atherosclerotic changes of the aorta were quantified by enhanced computed tomography (enhanced CT) and were examined in terms of their relation to other atherosclerotic characteristics, including calcification and aortic pulse wave velocity, diameter of the aorta, and arteriosclerotic risk factors. A total of 413 subjects were studied, consisting of normal volunteers and patients with cardiovascular diseases. Enhanced CT revealed the atheromatous intima as a projecting and thickened wall. Thus, the ratio of the intimal atherosclerotic change to the whole round was determined in various aortic sites. The diameter of the aorta decreased in accordance with the location from the ascending aorta to aortic ending. The diameter of the infrarenal abdominal aorta was 1.5 times larger than that of the ascending aorta, irrespective of age. The diameter of each region of the aorta increased with advancing age; in the age group of 70 years or older, it was 1.5 times larger that that in the age group of 40 years or younger. The intimal change was noted in the middle descending thoracic aorta and infrarenal abdominal aorta. It was proportional to an increase in the aortic pulse wave velocity, the diameter of the aorta, and the intimal calcification. Intimal changes of the aorta were increased in cerebrovascular disease, ischemic heart disease, arteriosclerosis obliterans, hypertension and diabetes mellitus. In particular, hypertension accompanied by diabetes mellitus or high cholesterolemia tended to accelerate the intimal change. In conclusion, aortic intimal changes, as detected on enhanced CT, is useful for the noninvasive diagnosis of arteriosclerosis. (N.K.).

  4. Increased T follicular helper cells and germinal center B cells are required for cGVHD and bronchiolitis obliterans

    OpenAIRE

    Flynn, Ryan; Du, Jing; Veenstra, Rachelle G.; Reichenbach, Dawn K.; Panoskaltsis-Mortari, Angela; Taylor, Patricia A.; Freeman, Gordon J.; Serody, Jonathan S.; Murphy, William J.; Munn, David H.; Sarantopoulos, Stefanie; Luznik, Leo; Maillard, Ivan; Koreth, John; Cutler, Corey

    2014-01-01

    T follicular helper cells and germinal center B cells are increased and strongly correlate with the development of cGVHD in a murine model.Blocking mAbs for IL-21, ICOS, and CD40L are potential novel therapeutics for cGVHD.

  5. Significance of the Amyloidogenic Transthyretin Val 122 Ile allele in African-Americans in the Arteriosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) and Cardiovascular Health (CHS) Studies

    OpenAIRE

    Buxbaum, Joel; Alexander, Alice; Koziol, James; Tagoe, Clement; Fox, Ervin; Kitzman, Dalane

    2010-01-01

    Many African-Americans carry an amyloidogenic transthyretin mutation (TTR V122I), with a high risk for cardiac TTR amyloid deposition after age 65. We wished to determine the allele frequency and its clinical penetrance in community-dwelling African-Americans.

  6. Correlation between cardiac syndrome X and arteriosclerosis%X综合征与动脉硬化程度的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李南; 严研; 韩静

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand the effect of vascular endothelial function and athrosclerosis on cardiac syndrome X by studying the corralation between carotid intima media thickness (IMT),brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) and cardiac syndrome X.Methods Sixtythree cardiac syndrome X patients served as cardiac syndrome X patients group and 40 healthy subjects served as a control group in this study.Their carotid IMT and brachial artery FMD,measured with a high-resolution 2D ultrasonic diagnostic appartus,were analyzed.Results The brachial artery FMD was significantly lower whereas the carotid IMT was significantly higher in cardiac syndrome X patients group than in control group (3.25% ±2.36% vs 5.99% ±3.63%,P<0.01;1.03±0.36 mm vs 0.79±0.09 mm,P<0.01).Linear correlation analysis showed that the brachial artery FMD was negatively correlated with the carotid IMT (r =-0.249,P =0.013).Univariate regression analysis displayed that the systolic blood pressure and smoking were the high risk factors for brachial artery FMD.Multivariate regression analysis revealed that the advanced age was an independent risk factor for the carotid IMT while the HDL-C was an independent protective factor for the carotid IMT.Conclusion The carotid IMT is significantly higher whereas the brachial artery FMD is significantly lower in cardiac syndrome X patients than in healthy subjects.The brachial artery FMD is negatively correlated with the carotid IMT.%目的 本研究通过运用无创检查方法对X综合征患者颈动脉内膜中层厚度(intima-media thickness,IMT)、肱动脉血流介导的血管扩张功能(flow mediated dilation,FMD)的检测,探讨颈动脉IMT、肱动脉FMD与X综合征的相关性,从而了解血管内皮功能和动脉硬化程度对X综合征的影响.方法 选择X综合征患者63例(X综合征组),另选健康体检者40例(对照组).应用高分辨率二维超声诊断仪分别检测2组的颈动脉IMT、肱动脉FMD,并进行比较分析.结果 X综合征组肱动脉FMD明显低于对照组[(3.25±2.36)% vs(5.99±3.63)%,P<0.01],颈动脉IMT明显大于对照组[(1.03±0.36)mm vs(0.79±0.09)mm,P<0.01].直线相关分析显示,FMD与IMT呈负相关(r=-0.249.P=0.013).单因素回归分析显示,收缩压和吸烟是肱动脉FMD的高风险因素.多因素回归分析显示,收缩压是肱动脉FMD的独立危险因素,年龄是颈动脉IMT的独立危险因素,HDL-C是颈动脉IMT的独立保护因素.结论 X综合征患者较健康体检者颈动脉IMT明显增厚,肱动脉FMD明显降低.肱动脉FMD与颈动脉IMT呈负相关.

  7. Platelet scintigraphy in atherothrombotic disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Isaka, Yoshinari (Osaka National Hospital (Japan))

    1993-01-01

    Indium-111 platelet scintigraphy for the measurement of in vivo thrombogenicity is a useful noninvasive technique with a number of applications. From 1982 to 1989, we explored clinical relevance of this method for 576 consecutive patients with atherothrombotic disease. There was a disease-related difference in the percentage of positive platelet accumulation; 85% in patients with Dacron bifurcation graft, 75% in abdominal or thoracic aneurysm, 40% in intra-cardiac thrombi, 33% in arteriosclerosis obliterans and 25% in ischemic cerebrovascular disease. Labelled platelets accumulated frequently in the lesion with severe arteriographic abnormality. Aspirin clearly inhibited platelet accumulation on carotid atheroma but the effect of ticlopidine has been less conclusive. Short-term orally active PGI[sub 2] analogue had inhibitory effects on platelet accumulation in carotid atheroma and platelet aggregability, but did not cause significant reduction in plaque size. The results suggest the usefulness of platelet scintigraphy for monitoring the thrombogenicity in various atherothrombotic diseases. It will be necessary, however, to simplify the labelling procedures and to develop a new [sup 99m]Tc-labelled thrombus imaging agent, if thrombus imaging is to be considered for more generall use for patients with atherosclerosis. (author).

  8. Platelet scintigraphy in atherothrombotic disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Indium-111 platelet scintigraphy for the measurement of in vivo thrombogenicity is a useful noninvasive technique with a number of applications. From 1982 to 1989, we explored clinical relevance of this method for 576 consecutive patients with atherothrombotic disease. There was a disease-related difference in the percentage of positive platelet accumulation; 85% in patients with Dacron bifurcation graft, 75% in abdominal or thoracic aneurysm, 40% in intra-cardiac thrombi, 33% in arteriosclerosis obliterans and 25% in ischemic cerebrovascular disease. Labelled platelets accumulated frequently in the lesion with severe arteriographic abnormality. Aspirin clearly inhibited platelet accumulation on carotid atheroma but the effect of ticlopidine has been less conclusive. Short-term orally active PGI2 analogue had inhibitory effects on platelet accumulation in carotid atheroma and platelet aggregability, but did not cause significant reduction in plaque size. The results suggest the usefulness of platelet scintigraphy for monitoring the thrombogenicity in various atherothrombotic diseases. It will be necessary, however, to simplify the labelling procedures and to develop a new 99mTc-labelled thrombus imaging agent, if thrombus imaging is to be considered for more generall use for patients with atherosclerosis. (author)

  9. Safety and efficacy of sustained release of basic fibroblast growth factor using gelatin hydrogel in patients with critical limb ischemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumagai, Motoyuki; Marui, Akira; Tabata, Yasuhiko; Takeda, Takahide; Yamamoto, Masaya; Yonezawa, Atsushi; Tanaka, Shiro; Yanagi, Shigeki; Ito-Ihara, Toshiko; Ikeda, Takafumi; Murayama, Toshinori; Teramukai, Satoshi; Katsura, Toshiya; Matsubara, Kazuo; Kawakami, Koji; Yokode, Masayuki; Shimizu, Akira; Sakata, Ryuzo

    2016-05-01

    As a form of therapeutic angiogenesis, we sought to investigate the safety and efficacy of a sustained-release system of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) using biodegradable gelatin hydrogel in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). We conducted a phase I-IIa study that analyzed 10 CLI patients following a 200-μg intramuscular injection of bFGF-incorporated gelatin hydrogel microspheres into the ischemic limb. Primary endpoints were safety and transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcO2) at 4 and 24 weeks after treatment. During the follow-up, there was no death or serious procedure-related adverse event. After 24 weeks, TcO2 (28.4 ± 8.4 vs. 46.2 ± 13.0 mmHg for pretreatment vs after 24 weeks, p < 0.01) showed significant improvement. Regarding secondary endpoints, the distance walked in 6 min (255 ± 105 vs. 318 ± 127 m, p = 0.02), the Rutherford classification (4.4 ± 0.5 vs. 3.1 ± 1.4, p = 0.02), the rest pain scale (1.7 ± 1.0 vs. 1.2 ± 1.3, p = 0.03), and the cyanotic scale (2.0 ± 1.1 vs. 0.9 ± 0.9, p < 0.01) also showed improvement. The blood levels of bFGF were within the normal range in all patients. A subanalysis of patients with arteriosclerosis obliterans (n = 7) or thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease) (n = 3) revealed that TcO2 had significantly improved in both subgroups. TcO2 did not differ between patients with or without chronic kidney disease. The sustained release of bFGF from biodegradable gelatin hydrogel may offer a safe and effective form of angiogenesis for patients with CLI. PMID:25861983

  10. Types of Childhood Interstitial Lung Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... or postinfectious disease ( bronchiolitis obliterans) Eosinophilic pneumonia Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis Pulmonary infiltrates with eosinophilia Pulmonary lymphatic disorders (lymphangiomatosis, ...

  11. Recidiva en bronquiolitis obliterante con neumonía en organización: BOOP RELAPSE IN BRONCHOLITIS OBLITERANS ORGANIZING PNEUMONIA: BOOP

    OpenAIRE

    JUAN I. VARGAS RT.; SARA CHERNILO S.

    2003-01-01

    Las recaídas son frecuentes en la bronquiolitis obliterante con neumonía en organización (BOOP), sin embargo, existe poca información con respecto a su causa. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 63 años con un cuadro clínico radiológico compatible con BOOP. No se identificó una causa subyacente por lo que se planteó el diagnóstico de neumonía en organización criptogénica o COP. Se realizaron biopsias transbronquiales que demostraron una neumonía crónica organizada y bronquiolitis proliferativ...

  12. MR evaluation of common femoral arterial flow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Flow velocity measurements of the common femoral arteries in 60 lower extremities of 30 healthy subjects and 12 lower extremities of 7 patients with arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO) were performed by means of magnetic resonance imaging with a use of presaturation bolus tracking (PBT) method. Our PBT method can provide both precise determination of flow velocity and evaluation of flow patterns within 30 minutes in the clinical setting. In phantom study, MR flow velocity had good correlation with actual flow velocity (r=0.997) 30 healthy volunteers were classified into three groups; group I (20-40 years), group II (41-60 years) and group III (61-80 years). Starting time of acceleration (STA) were shortened as the age progressed. Peak reverse velocity (PRV), maximum deceleration rate (MDR), peak forward velocity/mean velocity ratio (PFV/MV) and pulsatility index (PI) were significantly decreased in group III as compared to group I and group II. Although intraluminal flow profile showed almost uniform during acceleration time on MR images, flow profile became disproportioned and reverse flow was observed in the medial portion during deceleration time. These characteristic hemodynamics were recognized in all healthy subjects regardless of the different age group. In ASO, STA was prolonged and PFV, PRV, maximum acceleration rate, MDR, PFV/MV, PI, vascular sectional area, flow volume were significantly decreased (p<0.001) as compared to the control healthy group III. As a result, we obtained marked characteristics such as flattening of curves and disappearance of reverse flow in MR flow waveform. On MR images, disproportion of intraluminal flow profile, decreased flow velocities during acceleration time and disappearance of reverse flow (11 of 12 extremities) during deceleration time were observed. (author)

  13. Lipidómica, una herramienta para determinar nuevos biomarcadores de riesgo cardiovascular, obesidad y diabetes

    OpenAIRE

    Balsinde, Jesús

    2012-01-01

    Trabajo presentado al 25 Congreso Nacional de la Sociedad Española de Arteriosclerosis: Symposium satélite pre-congreso: "Diabetes y Arteriosclerosis", celebrado en Tarragona del 5 al 6 de junio de 2012.

  14. After Discharge Management of Low Income Frail Elderly

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-16

    Heart Failure, Congestive; Coronary Arteriosclerosis; Atrial Fibrillation; Cerebrovascular Accident; Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive; Diabetes Mellitus; Hypertension; Osteoarthritis; Osteoporosis

  15. [Effect of anti-arteriosclerosis diet, containing soya protein isolate and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on the activity of mononuclear and platelet lysosomal hydrolases in patients with hypertension and ischemic heart disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samsonov, M A; Pogozhaeva, A V; Vasilév, A V; Bogdanova, S N; Pokrovskaia, G R; Varsanovich, E A; Orlova, L A

    1993-01-01

    In response to antiatherosclerosis dietotherapy containing 20 g of ichthyenic oil, coronary and hypertensive subjects showed lowered serum levels of cholesterol, triglycerides and atherogenic index, elevated HDLP cholesterol and corrected immunochemical shifts. SPI-containing diet resulted in changes of CIC IgM levels only. Shifts in the activity of mononuclear and platelet lysosomal hydrolases which occurred in the above patients due to relevant diets reflect higher sensitivity of this parameter in assessment of the dietotherapy effectiveness. PMID:7975402

  16. Bone marrow stem cell injection for the treatment of critical limb ischemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shunya Shindo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Vascular reconstruction remains a treatment of choice for critical limb ischemia. Bypass surgery has been accepted as the most effective therapy to achieve increase of blood flow and cure the ischemic symptoms. On the other hand, continuous increase of the patients suffering diabetes mellitus enhances the increase of the number of the patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD. This tendency is also observed in Japan and expected to continue from now on. The reports of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan indicated that more than 6% of population was treated for diabetes mellitus and more than 12% of population was supposed to be diabetic in 2002.1 This report also gave a warning for rapid and continuous increase of the diabetic patients at present and in the future.? As is well known, diabetes mellitus is one of the strong risk factors to cause an arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO. Therefore, the patients with PAD will increase continuously and more severe ischemic limb will need to be treated. Moreover, diabetic macroangiopathy is characterized as showing diffuse stenosis and occlusion down to the foot arteries.2 Monckeberg’s medial calcification is also frequently observed in the ASO with diabetes mellitus.3 Therefore, along with the increase of the patients with PAD, the vascular reconstruction becomes technically demanding due to co-morbid diabetes with diffuse lesion and severe calcification. The patients, who show critical limb ischemia but are excluded from the operative candidate, are eventually performed major amputation. To prevent this disastrous sequel, therapeutic angiogenesis has been investigated.In 1996, Isner reported a new therapy to treat ischemic limb by using angiogenetic gene; vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF.4 Since then, angiogenetic therapy started to be investigated by using gene transfer with VEGF, fibroblast growth factor (FGF5 or hepatic growth factor (HGF.6 Animal study showed increase of

  17. Bronquiolite obliterante pós-infecciosa: aspectos clínicos e exames complementares de 48 crianças Post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans: clinical aspects and complementary testing of 48 children

    OpenAIRE

    Rosaly Vieira dos Santos; Rosário, Nelson A.; Carlos Antônio Ried

    2004-01-01

    INTRODUÇÃO: A evolução clínica da bronquiolite obliterante pós infecciosa é variável. OBJETIVO: Verificar as características clínicas, a evolução e os exames complementares de 48 pacientes com bronquiolite obliterante (BO) pós-infecciosa. MÉTODO: Estudo observacional e retrospecitvo. O diagnóstico de bronquiolite obliterante foi baseado em critérios clínicos, tomográficos e pela exclusão de outras doenças. Avaliou-se a história prévia ao diagnóstico e exames complementares. A saturação arteri...

  18. Associação de bronquiolite obliterante pós-infecciosa e hemossiderose pulmonar na infância Postinfectious bronchiolitis obliterans accompanied by pulmonary hemosiderosis in childhood

    OpenAIRE

    Leonardo Araújo Pinto; Anick Oliveira; Sintia Collaziol; Paulo Márcio Pitrez; Marcus Jones; João Carlos Prolla; Marisa Dolhnikoff; Renato T Stein

    2006-01-01

    Descreve-se uma apresentação rara de bronquiolite obliterante associada a hemossiderose pulmonar, em paciente de nove anos com sintomas respiratórios persistentes iniciados após episódio de bronquiolite aguda grave aos sete meses. Após o episódio agudo, apresentou sintomas respiratórios persistentes, piorando significativamente aos sete anos, quando começou a apresentar dificuldade respiratória em pequenos esforços. A tomografia computadorizada de tórax demonstrou achados compatíveis com bron...

  19. Função pulmonar de crianças e adolescentes com bronquiolite obliterante pós-infecciosa Pulmonary function in children and adolescents with postinfectious bronchiolitis obliterans

    OpenAIRE

    Rita Mattiello; Javier Mallol; Gilberto Bueno Fischer; Helena Teresinha Mocelin; Belkys Rueda; Edgar Enrique Sarria

    2010-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Descrever a função pulmonar de crianças e adolescentes com bronquiolite obliterante pós-infecciosa (BOPI) e avaliar potenciais fatores de risco para pior função pulmonar. MÉTODOS: A função pulmonar de 77 participantes, com idades de 8-18 anos, foi avaliada por meio de espirometria e pletismografia. Os seguintes parâmetros foram analisados: CVF, VEF1, FEF25-75%, VEF1/CVF, VR, CPT, VR/CPT, volume de gás intratorácico e specific airway resistance (sRaw, resistência específica das vias ...

  20. Test de marcha de seis minutos en niños con bronquiolitis obliterante postviral: Correlación con espirometría Six minute walk test in children with post-infectious obliterans bronchiolitis: Its relation with spirometry

    OpenAIRE

    DANIEL ZENTENO A; HOMERO PUPPO G; RAMIRO GONZÁLEZ V; DOLORES PAVÓN T; ROBERTO VERA U; RODRIGO TORRES C; CHUNG KUO K; MARÍA ANGÉLICA PÉREZ H; GUIDO GIRARDI B

    2008-01-01

    la Bronquiolitis Obliterante (BO) postviral produce alteraciones en la función pulmonar que pueden repercutir en la capacidad para realizar ejercicio, la cual se puede evaluar con el test de marcha de 6 minutos (TM6). Objetivo: Estudiar con esta prueba a niños con BO postviral y determinar la relación entre variables espirométricas y los resultados del TM6. Veintisiete pacientes, se estudiaron con espirometría basal y TM6. Se relacionaron variables espirométricas con resultados del TM6: dista...

  1. Función pulmonar y calidad de vida en niños y adolescentes con bronquiolitis obliterante por adenovirus Pulmonary function and quality of life in children and adolescents with bronchiolitis obliterans post-adenoviral infection

    OpenAIRE

    Stefhanie Nayar E; Mónica Saavedra B; Ana María Escobar C; Alberto Vidal G

    2011-01-01

    Introducción: La infección por adenovirus es una causa importante de neumonía en niños chilenos. La bronquiolitis obliterante (BOPI) es la complicación más importante. Existen pocos estudios donde evalúen la función pulmonar y la calidad de vida de los pacientes con BOPI. Objetivo: Evaluar la función pulmonar y la calidad de vida de los pacientes con BOPI y la correlación entre ambas variables. Métodos: Se incluyeron 14 niños con BOPI en elpoliclínico de la unidad de broncopulmonar de un hosp...

  2. A Clinical and Histological Analysis of Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Amputation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-12

    Ischemia; Peripheral Arterial Disease; Peripheral Vascular Disease; Vascular Disease; Arterial Occlusive Disease; Arteriosclerosis; Atherosclerosis; Cardiovascular Disease; Pathologic Processes; Orthopedic Procedures; Amputation

  3. Impact of different lipid lowering scheme on the liver and kidney function and endothelial function in arteriosclerosis rats model%不同调脂方案对动脉硬化大鼠肝肾功能及血管内皮功能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐艳玲; 张静; 周琳

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate vascular endothelial function,liver function and renal function of mixed hyperlipidemia rats treated by different ways including high doses of simvastatin and small doses of simvastatin combined with ezetimibe.Methods Forty-two healthy Wistar 6-month-old male rats were randomly divided into five groups,including normal control group (n =8),hyperlipidemia control group (n =10),low dose of simvastatin [10 mg/(kg · d)] group (n =8),high dose of simvastatin [20 mg/(kg · d)] group (n =8),simvastatin [10 mg/(kg · d)] combined with ezetimibe [5 mg/(kg · d)] group (n =8).Levels of total cholesterol (TC),lowdensity lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C),high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C),triglycerides (TG),alanine aminotransferase (ALT),aspartate aminotransferase (AST),serum creatinine (Scr),urea nitrogen (BUN),uric acid,urine protein,urine creatinine (Ucr),serum creatinine clearance rate (Ccr),C-reactive protein (CRP),soluble thrombomodulin regulatory proteins (sTM) and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and urinary protein were tested in all groups.Renal index was also calculated.Results ① Compared with hyperlipidemia control group,levels of TC,IDL-C,TG,ALT,AST,BUN,uric acid,urine protein,CRP,sTM and sICAM-1 in all the therapeutic groups were significantly lower (P <0.01).But HDL-C and Ccr levels were significantly higher.Renal function were improved and levels of sTM and slCAM-1 were significantly lower (P < 0.01) in high dose of simvastatin [20 mg/(kg· d)] group.Liver function were improved and limpid-lowering were better in simvastatin [10 mg/(kg · d)] combined with ezetimibe [5 mg/(kg · d)] group.②Small size of glomerular and mesangial cell proliferation relief were seen in the therapeutic groups with light microscope.And high dose of simvastatin group had better results.Conclusions ①Compared with simvastatin combined with ezetimibe group,high dose of simvastatin treatment has lower levels of BUN,uric acid,urine protein,sTM and sICAM-1,can reduce renal index,increase Ccr and HDL-C levels,improve glomerular morphology and improve renal function and vascular endothelial function.②Compared with high-dose simvastatin group,small doses of simvastatin and ezetimibe treatment can significantly reduce TC,LDL-C and CRP levels,don't affect serum transaminase levels,and reduce lipid effectively but not increase damage of liver function.%目的 探讨单用较大剂量辛伐他汀与小剂量辛伐他汀联合依折麦布对动脉硬化大鼠血管内皮功能及肝肾功能的影响.方法 将42只健康6月龄Wistar雄性大鼠完全随机分为正常对照组(n=8)、高脂对照组((n=10)、辛伐他汀低剂量组[10 mg/(kg·d),n=8]、辛伐他汀高剂量组[20 mg/(kg·d),n=8)]和辛伐他汀[10 mg/(kg·d)]联合依折麦布[5 mg/(kg·d)]组(n=8),给予相应剂量的辛伐他汀及依折麦布灌胃.分别于实验第8周末眼静脉丛采血及第12周末心脏采血后测定各组大鼠TC、LDL-C、HDL-C、TG、ALT、AST、血清肌酐(Scr)、BUN、尿酸、尿蛋白、尿肌酐(Ucr)、血清肌酐清除率(Ccr)、C反应蛋白(CRP)、可溶性血栓调节蛋白(sTM)和可溶性细胞间黏附因子1(sICAM-1)水平及尿蛋白浓度,并计算肾指数.结果 ①辛伐他汀低剂量组、高剂量组,辛伐他汀联合依折麦布组较高脂对照组TC、LDL-C、TG、ALT、AST、BUN、尿酸、尿蛋白、CRP、sTM、sICAM-1水平明显降低(P<0.01),HDL-C及Ccr水平升高,其中辛伐他汀高剂量组肾功能明显改善[实验12周末血Scr:(2.00±0.47) ml/min比(0.55±0.12) ml/min,BUN:(5.25±0.50) mmol/L比(7.82±0.25) mmol/L,尿酸:(81±17) μmol/L比(142±13) μmol/L,尿蛋白:(1.98±0.18) g/L比(2.89±0.32) g/L]、sTM、sICAM-1水平明显降低[实验12周末sTM:(165±26) g/L比(279±30) g/L,sICAM-1:(20.1±3.2)g/L比(48.1±6.4)g/L],辛伐他汀联合依折麦布组血脂及肝功能明显改善.②光镜下:各处理组肾小球体积小,系膜细胞增生减轻,且均以辛伐他汀高剂量组改善明显.结论 ①单用较大剂量辛伐他汀与小剂量辛伐他汀联合依折麦布相比,能更好降低BUN、尿酸、尿蛋白、sTM和sICAM-1水平,降低肾指数,提高Ccr和HDL-C水平,改善肾小球形态,从而起到改善肾功能及血管内皮功能的作用.②小剂量辛伐他汀联合依折麦布较单用大剂量辛伐他汀更能显著降低TC、LDL-C和CRP水平,且不增加血清转氨酶水平,有效降脂的同时不增加肝功能损害.

  4. 硒对高氟所致兔血管内皮损伤及动脉硬化影响的病理形态学研究%Pathological morphology of vascular endothelial injury and arteriosclerosis caused by high fluoride and the effects of selenium

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    边建朝; 杨晓霞; 蔺新英; 朱秋丽; 樊婷

    2010-01-01

    Objective To study morphological changes of rabbit artery endothelial cell injury and atherosclerosis caused by high fluoride and the role of selenium. Methods Twenty healthy male New Zealand white rabbits, body weight (2.0 ± 0.5)kg, were randomly divided into control group(drinking deionized water, fed basic diet), fluoride group(drinking fluoride 100 mg/L deionized water, fed basic diet), selenium group(drinking selenium 1 mg/L deionized water, fed basic diet), fluoride plus selenium group(drinking fluoride 100 mg/L deionized water, selenium 1 mg/L of deionized water, fed basic diet). The experimental period was 6 months. At 0, 3, 6 months of the experiment, serum fluorine and selenium levels were determined. At the end of the experiment,thoracic aorta was collected to observe its pathology and ultrastructural changes. Results Serum fluoride was significantly higher at the 3rd and the 6th month of experiment(all P < 0.01 ) in fluoride group[ (0.589 ± 0.146),(0.772 ± 0.175)mg/L] and fluoride plus selenium group[ (0.502 ± 0.094), (0.693 ± 0.158)mg/L] than in control group[ (0.174 ± 0.002), (0.208 ± 0.031 )mg/L] and serum fluoride was significantly higher at 6 months than at 3 months(P < 0.05 ) in fluoride group. Serum selenium was significantly higher at the 3rd and the 6th month of experiment (all P < 0.01 ) in selenium group[ (0.252 ± 0.022), (0.319 ± 0.052)mg/L] and fluoride plus selenium group[ (0.239 ±0.016), (0.294 ± 0.018)mg/L] than in control group[(0.135 ± 0.014), (0.167 ± 0.019)mg/L], and serum selenium was significantly higher at the 6th month than at 3rd month of experiment in selenium group(P < 0.05). Endothelial cell apoptosis indices were (4.92 ± 1.32)%, (30.30 ± 6.80)%, (6.57 ± 2.14)% and (14.29 ± 2.99)%, respectively in control group, fluoride group, selenium group and fluoride plus selenium group. Their main effect of fluorine and selenium was statistically significant (F = 106.833,20.082, all P < 0.01 ). There were antagonistic effect between fluoride and selenium(F = 30.402, P < 0.01 ). Pathological changes of rabbit aortic endothelial cells in fluoride group included endothelial with attached fibrin and red blood cells, and structural of the cells changed, with serious vascular injury; in fluoride plus selenium group apoptosis of endothelial cells decreased, with reduced number of attached red blood cells and fibrin, endothelial cell structure normal, the extent and scope of vascular damage significantly reduced. Conclusions Appropriate amount of selenium inhibits the apoptosis of endothelial cells induced by high fluoride, reduces aortic structural damage caused by high fluoride, and maintains the integrity of endothelial cells, thereby antagonizes the vascular damage and atherosclerosis induced by high fluoride.%目的 研究硒对高氟所致兔动脉血管内皮细胞损伤和动脉硬化病理形态学变化的影响作用.方法 20只健康雄性新西兰白兔,体质量(2.0±0.5)kg,按体质量随机分对照组(饮去离子水,饲基础饲料)、加氟组(饮含氟离子100mg/L去离子水,饲基础饲料)、加硒组(饮含硒1 mg/L去离子水,饲基础饲料)、加氟加硒组(饮含氟离子100 mg/L、含硒1 mg/L去离子水,饲基础饲料),每组5只,实验期6个月.于实验第0、3、6个月取血测定血清含氟量和含硒量;实验终末取胸主动脉,观察主动脉病理及超微结构变化.结果实验第3、6个月时,加氟组和加氟加硒组血清氟[(0.589±0.146)、(0.772±0.175)mg/L和(0.502±0.094)、(0.693±0.158)mg/L]显著高于对照组[(0.174±0.002)、(0.208±0.031)mg/L,P均<0.01];加氟组第6个月血清氟显著高于第3个月(P<0.05).实验第3、6个月时,加硒组和加氟加硒组血清硒[(0.252±0.022)、(0.319±0.052)mg/L和(0.239±0.016)、(0.294±0.018)mg/L]显著高于对照组[(0.135±0.014)、(0.167±0.019)mg/L,P均<0.01];加硒组第6个月血清硒显著高于第3个月(P<0.05).对照组、加氟组、加硒组、加氟加硒组内皮细胞凋亡指数分别为(4.92±1.32)%、(30.30±6.80)%、(6.57±2.14)%和(14.29±2.99)%,氟与硒各自的主效应有统计学意义(F值分别为106.833、20.082,P均<0.01),高氟与适硒之间存在显著的拮抗作用(F=30.402,P<0.01).病理观察加氟组主动脉内皮有红细胞及纤维蛋白沉着,细胞走向及结构发生改变,血管受损严重;加氟加硒组减少内皮细胞凋亡,附着的纤维蛋白以及红细胞数量减少,内皮细胞结构基本正常,血管受损程度和范围明显减轻.结论适量硒抑制高氟引起的内皮细胞凋亡,减轻高氟所致主动脉结构破坏,保持内皮细胞的完整性,以此拮抗高氟对血管的损伤和促动脉粥样硬化作用.

  5. The evaluation of surgical reconstruction for intermittent claudication by the Walking Impairment Questionnaire Avaliação da reconstrução cirúrgica para claudicação intermitente pelo Walking Impairment Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masaya Nakashima

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: No standards reflecting the quality of life (QOL and activity of daily living (ADL in postoperative clinical course have been validated in the area of vascular disease. The Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ is a disease-specific questionnaire that evaluates patients with intermittent claudication due to arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO. The WIQ uses four subscales: pain severity, walking distance, walking speed, and stair climbing while walking. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between postoperative arterial blood flow and the Japanese edition of the WIQ. METHODS: Thirty-one patients (47 limbs with intermittent claudication who had been subjected to lower limb surgical arterial reconstruction were assessed by WIQ, and compared with Ankle-Brachial Pressure Index (ABPI and angiography. RESULTS: A significant increase in the WIQ score was identified in walking pain (26 versus 89.5, pINTRODUÇÃO: Nenhum padrão de qualidade de vida e atividades diárias no período pós-operatório já foi validado na área de doenças vasculares. O Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ é um questionário específico para pacientes com claudicação intermitente devido à aterosclerose obliterante. O WIQ se baseia em quatro subescalas: intensidade da dor, distância caminhada, velocidade de caminhada e subir degraus durante caminhada. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a correlação entre fluxo sanguíneo periférico pós-operatório e a edição japonesa do WIQ. MÉTODOS: Trinta e um pacientes (totalizando 47 membros inferiores com claudicação intermitente que se submeteram à reconstrução arterial cirúrgica foram avaliados pelo WIQ e comparados por meio do índice de pressão tornozelo-braço (ITB e angiografia. RESULTADOS: Um aumento significativo no escore do WIQ foi observado em relação à dor durante caminhada (26 versus 89,5, p<0,001, distância caminhada (13,1 versus 83,3, p<0,001, velocidade da caminhada (10 versus 46, p<0,001 e ato de subir

  6. 脐带间充质干细胞移植治疗50例缺血性下肢血管病的临床研究%The Clinical Research of Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells Transplantation in The Treatment of 50 Cases of Lower Limb Vascular Disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜艳; 周毅; 李贞艳; 徐黎鸣; 杜玲

    2013-01-01

    目的:观察脐带间充质干细胞移植治疗缺血性下肢血管病的临床疗效并观察近期临床效果.方法:50例自愿接收脐带间充质干细胞移植患者中糖尿病足35例,动脉硬化闭塞症10例,血栓性闭塞性脉管炎5例.全部患者均给予静脉输注及局部种植脐带间充质干细胞.术后第7天至6个月定期观察各项指标的变化.结果:治疗1月后,47例(94%)疼痛有不同程度的缓解,46例(92%)患肢冷感明显缓解,45例(90%)患者行走距离延长.6月后30例糖尿病足患者溃疡或足部坏疽痊愈.结论:脐带间充质干细胞移植治疗缺血性下肢血管病是一种简便、安全、有效的治疗方法,其治疗的近期疗效显著,使很多患者免除截肢或降低截肢平面,明显改善患者生活质量.%Objective: To investigate the umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells transplantation in the treatment of ischemic vascular disease the clinical curative effect of the lower limbs watching the recent clinical effect. Methods: Fifty patients with voluntary receiving umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells transplantation in patients with diabetes foot 35 patients, arteriosclerosis block disease 10 cases, thrombosis obliterans 5 cases. All patients were given intravenous and local planting umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells. Postoperative seven days to six months each index of change regularly observation. Results: 1 month after treatment, 47 patients (94%) had different degrees of pain relief, 46 cases (92%) limb cold feeling significant relief, 45 patients (90%) patients walking distance to extend. After six months, 30 cases of patients with diabetes foot ulcers or foot gangrene healed. Conclusions: Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells transplantation in the treatment of ischemic lower limb vascular disease is a simple, safe and effective in the treatment of method, the treatment of recent curative effect is distinct, making a lot of patients from amputation or reduce

  7. Ankyloserende spondylitis er associeret med øget kardiovaskulær morbiditet og mortalitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Ole Rintek; Lindhardsen, Jesper

    2011-01-01

    Ankylosing spondylitis is an inflammatory disorder primarily affecting the axial skeleton. The disease is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Structural changes in the heart, and arteriosclerosis secondary to inflammation may be of importance. The role of traditional...

  8. Triglyceride level

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003493.htm Triglyceride level To use the sharing features on this page, ... and Metabolism; Council on Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology; Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; Council on the Kidney ...

  9. The effect of different immunosuppressants on alloantigen dependent and independent factors involved in the development of chronic rejection in an animal model.

    OpenAIRE

    Cole, O.; Rigg, K.; Shehata, M

    2001-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the effects of cyclosporine, tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil and SDZ RAD on an animal model of transplant arteriosclerosis involving alloantigen dependent and independent mechanisms.

  10. Breast arterial calcifications : A systematic review and meta-analysis of their determinants and their association with cardiovascular events

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendriks, Eva J E; de Jong, Pim; van der Graaf, Yolanda; Mali, Willem P Th M; van der Schouw, Yvonne T.; Beulens, Joline W J

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Breast arterial calcifications (BAC), regularly observed at mammography, are medial calcifications and as such an expression of arteriosclerosis. Our objective was to evaluate and summarize the available evidence on the associations of BAC with cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascul

  11. Multidisciplinary Inpatient Palliative Care Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-12

    Cerebrovascular Accident; Cancer; Coronary Arteriosclerosis; Heart Failure, Congestive; Diabetes Mellitus; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; Failure to Thrive; Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive; Dementia; Kidney Failure, Chronic; Pneumonia; Liver Failure; Renal Failure; Respiratory Failure; Stroke

  12. Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) - Ancillary Eye Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-05

    Atherosclerosis; Cardiovascular Diseases; Coronary Arteriosclerosis; Coronary Disease; Cerebrovascular Disorders; Heart Failure, Congestive; Myocardial Infarction; Heart Diseases; Diabetes Mellitus, Non-insulin Dependent; Hypertension; Diabetic Retinopathy; Macular Degeneration; Diabetes Mellitus

  13. Desarrollo de técnicas específicas de procesado de imagen para su aplicación a la medida del grosor íntima-media de la arteria carótida sobre imágenes de ultrasonidos

    OpenAIRE

    Bastida Jumilla, María Consuelo

    2013-01-01

    [ESP] Las enfermedades cardiovasculares son una de las principales causas de mortalidad del mundo. Tras la mayoría de muertes por enfermedad cardiovascular la principal responsable es la arteriosclerosis. La arteriosclerosis consiste en un engrosamiento progresivo del tejido vascular que reduce la elasticidad de los vasos sanguíneos afectados y puede llegar incluso a obstruirlos. Esta enfermedad se desarrolla en la infancia y adolescencia, pudiendo llegar a pasar desapercibida toda la vida o ...

  14. Guía clínica para el diagnóstico y cuidado de niños/adolescentes con bronquiolitis obliterante post-infecciosa, 2009 Clinical guide for diagnosis and care of children and adolescents with post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans, 2009

    OpenAIRE

    Luis E Vega-Briceño; DANIEL ZENTENO A

    2009-01-01

    La bronquiolitis obliterante (BO) es un síndrome clínico poco frecuente en niños, caracterizado por la obstrucción crónica al flujo de aire asociado a cambios inflamatorios y distintos grados de fibrosis en la vía aérea pequeña. Si bien existen muchas etiologías, la causa más frecuente se asocia a infecciones respiratorias virales, principalmente adenovirus. No existe un consenso para establecer su diagnóstico; sin embargo, se considera un espectro de síntomas persistentes asociados a un patr...

  15. Potential of advanced photoplethysmography sensing for noninvasive vascular diagnostics and early screening

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spigulis, Janis; Kukulis, Indulis; Fridenberga, Eva; Venckus, Girts

    2002-06-01

    Advanced sensor device for shape analysis of the tissue- reflected mean single period photoplethysmography (SPPPG) signals has been designed and clinically tested. The SPPPG signal shape reveals individual features of the patient's cardio-vascular state. Clinical studies of several patient groups (e.g. diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis obliterans, Raynaud's syndrome) made possible to specify components of the SPPPG signal that are sensitive to the corresponding organic or functional pathologies. Comparison of the right and left arm finger SPPPG signal shapes, for instance, appears to be efficient tool for early screening of unilateral atherosclerosis obliterans.

  16. Assessment of intra and extra cranial atherosclerosis in coronary artery disease. Advantage of MRI/MRA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The incidence of arteriosclerosis has increased in recent years as the aging population has grown. We carried out the present study to investigate the association of internal carotid arteriosclerosis, sclerosis of intracranial main arteries, and cerebral arteriolosclerosis to coronary arteriosclerosis using MRI and MRA in a total of 133 consecutive patients (107 males and 26 females), who visited our hospital with a main complaint of chest pain. We also examined serum lipids and the presence or absence of hypertension and/or diabetes. Coronary arteriosclerosis underlying atherosclerotic lesions was correlated with internal carotid arteriosclerosis, serum cholesterol and low HDL cholesterol level. As characteristic findings of this study, lacunar infarction (LI), which is thought to represent cerebral arteriolosclerosis, was not only significantly correlated with age and hypertension, but increased also lacunar infarcts in number as the number of affected coronary branches increased. Examination of the cases of severe coronary artery disease with MRI/MRA was thought to be able to predict the occurrence of cerebrovascular disorder after CABG and to be useful for the selection of a therapeutic regimen, such as PTCA and MID-CABG. (author)

  17. Assessment of intra and extra cranial atherosclerosis in coronary artery disease. Advantage of MRI/MRA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kondo, Hirohide; Oda, Yoshinori; Hirai, Akio; Ibukiyama, Chiharu; Utsugi, Osamu [Tokyo Medical Coll. (Japan)

    1999-02-01

    The incidence of arteriosclerosis has increased in recent years as the aging population has grown. We carried out the present study to investigate the association of internal carotid arteriosclerosis, sclerosis of intracranial main arteries, and cerebral arteriolosclerosis to coronary arteriosclerosis using MRI and MRA in a total of 133 consecutive patients (107 males and 26 females), who visited our hospital with a main complaint of chest pain. We also examined serum lipids and the presence or absence of hypertension and/or diabetes. Coronary arteriosclerosis underlying atherosclerotic lesions was correlated with internal carotid arteriosclerosis, serum cholesterol and low HDL cholesterol level. As characteristic findings of this study, lacunar infarction (LI), which is thought to represent cerebral arteriolosclerosis, was not only significantly correlated with age and hypertension, but increased also lacunar infarcts in number as the number of affected coronary branches increased. Examination of the cases of severe coronary artery disease with MRI/MRA was thought to be able to predict the occurrence of cerebrovascular disorder after CABG and to be useful for the selection of a therapeutic regimen, such as PTCA and MID-CABG. (author)

  18. Detection and Quantification of Coronary Artery Calcification: Radiological Perspective; Deteccion y cunatificacion de la calcificacion de las arterias coronarias: perspectiva radiologica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bastarrika, G.; Pueyo, J. C.; Cosin, O.; Bergaz, F.; Vivas, I.; Cano, D. [Clinica Universitaria. Universidad de Navarra. Pamplona (Spain)

    2004-07-01

    The very natural history of arteriosclerosis facilitates the development of studies and projects which aim to identify and classify those subjects at high risk for coronary disease. There have been diverse radiological techniques which have sought to determine the severity of coronary artery damage but with relative success. In the last decade, continuous advances in CT have facilitated the detection and quantification of calcium deposits in coronary arteries with a sensitivity and specificity practically identical to data obtained after coronarography. Complete quantification of coronary calcium an unequivocal indicator of arteriosclerosis, allows for cardiovascular risk stratification of patients in a non invasive manner, and with a higher reliability than more usual methods. Nowadays, the main clinical applications of detection and quantification of coronary atheromatosis include: atypical thoracic pain, coronary risk factor screening in asymptomatic patients, and follow-up of the progression of coronary arteriosclerosis in treated patients. (Author) 35 refs.

  19. MR angiography for follow-up after percutaneous vessel recanalization and surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper compares MR angiography with conventional and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in arteriosclerosis and to find out whether arteriosclerotic vessel pathology is delineated correctly by MR angiography. MR angiographic findings in 103 cases were correlated with DSA and conventional angiographic findings. The angiograms were obtained in patients with arteriosclerosis before and after percutaneous recanalization or vascular surgery in the femoropopliteal region. For MR angiography, a flow-sensitive, three-dimensional, fast imaging with steady precision sequence with rephased and dephased subtracted images were used on a 1.5-T Magnetom imager. The scan time is 4-5 minutes

  20. Efecto "in vivo" de los derivados fíbricos sobre enzimas microsomales implicados en la síntesis hepática de ácidos grasos

    OpenAIRE

    Alegret i Jordà, Marta

    1993-01-01

    La arteriosclerosis es una enfermedad de origen multifactorial, principal causa de deterioro en la calidad de vida o de mortalidad precoz en los países industrializados, debido a que desemboca con frecuencia en accidentes vasculares como el infarto agudo de miocardio. Entre los factores de riesgo cuya corrección puede conducir a la prevención del desarrollo de la arteriosclerosis destacan las hiperlipoproteinemias. Los fibratos son fármacos hipolipemiantes eficaces en el tratamiento de las hi...

  1. Clinical spectrum of cryptogenic organising pneumonitis.

    OpenAIRE

    Bellomo, R; Finlay, M.; McLaughlin, P.; Tai, E.

    1991-01-01

    Cryptogenic organising pneumonitis (bronchiolitis obliterans organising pneumonia) is an uncommon condition that often responds to steroids. It is characterised clinically by constitutional symptoms, pathologically by intra-alveolar organising fibrosis, and radiologically by patchy pulmonary infiltrates. Its full clinical spectrum and course are only partially described and understood. Six patients are described, seen over three years, with considerably diverse clinical and radiological prese...

  2. Cryptogenic Organising Pneumonia As The Initial Presenting Manifestation of SLE

    OpenAIRE

    Neena Mampilly; Manoj, G.; Paul, Binoy J.

    2015-01-01

    Cryptogenic Organising Pneumonia (COP), also called idiopathic Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organising Pneumonia( BOOP), is a distinct entity among the idiopathic interstitial pneumonias defined histopathologically by intraalveolar buds of granulation tissue. The etiology includes idiopathic, infectious, drug induced radiation induced and connective tissue diseases. Organising pneumonia occurs particularly in patients with dermatomyositis-polymyositis where it may be the presenting manifestat...

  3. Pneumopathies organisées: à propos de 3 cas

    OpenAIRE

    Nepper, S.; FRUSCH, Nicolas; Louis, Renaud; Ghaye, Benoit; De Leval, Laurence; BOSQUEE, Léon

    2010-01-01

    Infiltrative lung lesions are not always linked to infectious processes or cancers. An interesting entity, the OP (Organizing Pneumonia) or COP (Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia)--formerly BOOP (Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organizing Pneumonia)--is discussed through observations repor. ted in this article. We provide some keys to allow the astute observer to target this often curable disease.

  4. Steroids and/or Cytotoxic Agents Should Be Used Early in the Management of Patients with IPF -- The Pro Argument

    OpenAIRE

    Sat Sharma

    2004-01-01

    Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias comprise a heterogenous group of acute and chronic respiratory conditions. Katzenstein and Myers (1) classified these disorders according to several pathologically distinct categories: usual interstitial pneumonitis (UIP), desquamative interstitial pneumonitis ? respiratory bronchiolitis interstitial lung disease, acute interstitial pneumonitis, nonspecific interstitial pneumonitis and cryptogenic organizing pneumonitis or bronchiolitis obliterans organizing...

  5. Paraneoplastic autoimmune multiorgan syndrome (paraneoplastic pemphigus with unusual manifestations and without detectable autoantibodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jimena Sanz-Bueno

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe a patient with paraneoplastic autoimmune multiorgan syndrome (PAMS secondary to a lymphoblastic T- cell lymphoma who presented with a lichenoid dermatitis and vitiligo, later developing bronchiolitis obliterans and autoimmune hepatitis. Notably, he had no detectable autoantibodies. The development of vitiligo and autoimmune hepatic involvement probably indicate a role for cytotoxic T- cell lymphocytes in the pathogenesis of this syndrome.

  6. Is preputioplasty effective and acceptable?

    OpenAIRE

    Barber, N J; Chappell, B; Carter, P. G.; Britton, J. P.

    2003-01-01

    Foreskin complaints in childhood, if not manageable conservatively, are usually treated by circumcision. A less radical surgical option, when balanitis xerotica obliterans is absent, is preputioplasty. We sent questionnaires to the parents of 23 boys who had had this procedure and 22 replied.

  7. Development of multifocal squamous cell carcinoma in lichen sclerosus et atrophicus of the penis associated to HCV hepatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ena, P; Lorrai, P; Pintus, A; Marras, V; Dessy, L A

    2004-02-01

    We describe the case of a 59-year-old uncircumcised man, with a history of meatal stenosis and balanitis xerotica obliterans (lichen sclerosus et atrophicus) and human C virus hepatitis, who developed an infiltrating squamous cell carcinoma of the penis. The relationship among these conditions is discussed. PMID:14871263

  8. Perineal urethrostomy stenosis repair with buccal mucosa: description of technique and report of four cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamat, Nagesh

    2008-11-01

    Perineal urethrostomy stenosis can be a difficult problem to treat, especially in patients with balanitis xerotica obliterans. We have devised a technique of using the buccal mucosa, with the idea of forming a composite stoma comprising skin and buccal mucosa. We describe the technique and short-term results in 4 patients. PMID:18789512

  9. Detection and interpretation of 8-oxodG and 8-oxoGua in urine, plasma and cerebrospinal fluid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Henrik E; Nadal, Laia Llovera; Broedbaek, Kasper;

    2014-01-01

    DNA and RNA oxidations have been linked to diseases such as cancer, arteriosclerosis, neurodegeneration and diabetes. The prototype base modification studied is the 8-hydroxylation of guanine. DNA integrity is maintained by elaborate repair systems and RNA integrity is less studied but relies...

  10. Is pancreatic polypeptide response to food ingestion a reliable index of vagal function in type 1 diabetes?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damholt, M B; Arlien-Soeborg, P; Hilsted, L;

    2006-01-01

    The diagnosis of autonomic neuropathy in diabetic patients is based on cardiovascular reflex tests. Since cardiac function may be affected by arteriosclerosis and cardiomyopathy in type 1 diabetes mellitus, alternative tests reflecting vagal nerve function, in other organ systems, are needed. In...

  11. Non-Bone Marrow Origin of Neointimal Smooth Muscle Cells in Experimental In-Stent Restenosis in Rats

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groenewegen, Hendrik C.; Onuta, Geanina; Goris, Maaike; Zandvoort, Andre; Zijlstra, Felix; van Gilst, Wiek H.; Rozing, Jan; de Smet, Bart J. G. L.; Roks, Anton J. M.; Hillebrands, Jan-Luuk

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To determine the contribution of bone marrow (BM)-derived cells in in-stent restenosis (ISR) and transplant arteriosclerosis (TA). Methods: Non-transgenic rats WT F344(TG) (n = 3) received stent implantation 6 weeks after lethal total body irradiation and suppletion with bone marrow from

  12. Quantitative Measurement of Changes in Retinal Vessel Diameter in Ocular Fundus Images

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Lars; Grunkin, Michael; Ersbøll, Bjarne Kjær;

    1999-01-01

    The Change in diameter of retinal vessels as a funcion of increasing distance to the optic disc is believed to be indicative of the risk level of various vascular diseases such as generalised arteriosclerosis and Diabetes Mellitus. In particular, Focal Arteriolar Narrowing (FAN) is considered...

  13. Relativity analysis of arterosclerotic cerebral infarction of senile patients and secondary epilepsy%老年动脉硬化性脑梗死与继发性癫痫相关性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张英杰; 马艳

    2001-01-01

    @@Background: Acute cerebral vascular secondary epilepsy isn't uncommon in clinic.It can happen at any time of epilepsy,even as first- onset or main clinical manifestation.Main cause of stroke of senile patients is arteriosclerosis,which is main cause of old stage epilepsy. Objective:To analyze relativity of arterosclerotic cerebral infarction of senile patients and secondary epilepsy.

  14. Water Flow through Xylem: An Investigation of a Fluid Dynamics Principle Applied to Plants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rice, Stanley A.; McArthur, John

    2004-01-01

    A study was conducted to prove that a large blood or xylem vessel could conduct 256 times more fluid than a vessel or a pipe that is four times smaller. The result of this study proved that if arteriosclerosis causes an artery to loose half its effective diameter, the blood flow would be reduced by fifteen-sixteenths.

  15. Relationship between coronary atherosclerosis and 'sudden cardiac death'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coronary arteriosclerosis in mini-pigs was produced by combination of hypercholesterolemia and twofold X irradiation of the cardiac region. 15-21 weeks following irradiation 40% of the adult animals and 58% of the juvenils died of 'sudden cardiac death'. The mortality rate decreased significantly after application of the calcium-channel blocking agent nifedipine

  16. Preventing and Treating Type 2 Diabetes through a Physically Active Lifestyle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Raymond W.; Kamla, Jim; Lee, Man-Cheong; Mak, Jennifer Y.

    2007-01-01

    The general decrease in physical activity in the United States population has led to an increase of cases of type 2 diabetes (non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM), obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and arteriosclerosis. Remarkable scientific advancements have been made toward understanding the beneficial effects of physical activity…

  17. Pathogenic cycle between the endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitor asymmetrical dimethylarginine and the leukocyte-derived hemoprotein myeloperoxidase

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    von Leitner, E.C.; Klinke, A.; Atzler, D.; Slocum, J.L.; Lund, N.; Kielstein, J.T.; Maas, R.; Schmidt-Haupt, R.; Pekarová, Michaela; Hellwinkel, O.; Tsikas, D.; D'Alecy, L.G.; Lau, D.; Willems, S.; Kubala, Lukáš; Ehmke, H.; Meinertz, T.; Blankenberg, S.; Schwedhelm, E.; Gadegbeku, C.A.; Boger, R.H.; Baldus, S.; Sydow, K.

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 124, č. 4 (2011), s. 2735-U342. ISSN 0009-7322 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50040507; CEZ:AV0Z50040702 Keywords : arteriosclerosis * leukocytes * nitric oxide synthase Subject RIV: BO - Biophysics Impact factor: 14.739, year: 2011

  18. Diagnostik af arteriosklerose i arteria carotis ved hjaelp af ultralyd-Doppler. Metodebeskrivelse og prospektiv sammenligning med arteriografi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sillesen, H H; Just, S R; Hansen, L; Schroeder, T V

    1991-01-01

    The ultrasound Doppler method for examination of the carotid artery is described. Out of a total of 370 patients examined with ultrasound Doppler for suspected arteriosclerosis in the carotid artery in 1988, 27 were also submitted to digital subtraction arteriography (DSA). The accuracy of the ul...... is an accurate method for diagnoses of stenosis in the carotid artery....

  19. Non-contrast magnetic resonance angiography in renal transplantation and renal donation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blankholm, Anne Dorte

    2015-01-01

    Renal transplantation is the treatment of choice in cases of severe renal disease. The majority of candidates for kidney transplantation have arteriosclerosis to some extent; thus, preoperative imaging of the vessels is needed. Different imaging modalities are available and are used for this...

  20. 75 FR 14391 - Diseases Associated With Exposure to Certain Herbicide Agents (Hairy Cell Leukemia and Other...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-25

    ... include hypertension or peripheral manifestations of arteriosclerosis such as peripheral vascular disease... blood and oxygen to a portion of the myocardium; it typically occurs when there is an imbalance between..., but is not limited to, acute, subacute, and old myocardial infarction; atherosclerotic...

  1. Interstitial inflammatory lesions of the pulmonary allograft: a retrospective analysis of 2697 transbronchial biopsies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burton, C.M.; Iversen, M.; Carlsen, J.;

    2008-01-01

    of 2697 biopsies were evaluated corresponding to a mean of 6+/-2 (median 8) completed schedules per patient. Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) was the second most common histological finding within the first 2 weeks after transplantation. The peak prevalence of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing...... pneumonia (BOOP) and interstitial pneumonitis occurred at 4 to 6 weeks, and 6 to 12 weeks, respectively. There was a steady increase in the cumulative proportion of patients with fibrosis and bronchiolitis obliterans, at each successive scheduled surveillance time point beyond 3 months posttransplantation....... The strongest histological correlations were between ACR and lymphocytic bronchiolitis (OR 5.1, P<0.0001) or interstitial fibrosis (OR 3.2, P<0.0001). Patients with interstitial pneumonitis and pulmonary hemosiderosis were also more likely to demonstrate the finding of interstitial fibrosis (OR 3...

  2. Pneumothorax in an early phase after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasuhiro Ebihara

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Pneumothorax is very rare after early phase of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT and usually accompanied with pulmonary chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD, such as bronchiolitis obliterans and bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia. The present study describes the case of a seventeen-year-old male diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia who underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT. Pneumothorax occurred at day 43 after BMT. Pneumothorax occurred in early phase of HSCT is extremely rare. The early onset of acute GVHD and the entity of cytomegalovirus might worsen the pulmonary tissue damages for the onset of pneumothorax, indicating that we should be aware of the possibility to occur pneumothorax even in the early period after allogeneic HSCT.

  3. Digital subtraction angiography of the hand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report deals with 66 digital subtraction angiograms of the hand performed on 61 patients; 60 were carried out by direct puncture of the brachial artery and six by trans-femoral catheterisation. In 39 patients a peripheral organic vascular abnormality was demonstrated (usually arterial sclerosis, thromboangiitis obliterans or collagenosis). Purely functional flow abnormalities were found in 17 patients. In 15 patients an organic abnormality was demonstrated, but its type could not be identified. (orig./GDG)

  4. Massive Hematochezia: A Complication of Methamphetamine-Induced Vasculitis Treated by Transcatheter Hemostasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel P. Link

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A long-term, heavy methamphetamine user with life-threatening rectal hemorrhage was treated with transcatheter occlusion of the bleeding arteries. The bleeding blood vessels were vulnerable submucosal arteries, part of the collateral supply to the distal colon. Visceral arteriography demonstrates severe arterial stenotic lesions of the celiac axis, superior mesenteric artery and the inferior mesenteric artery. Collateral vessels were seen with corkscrew morphology similar to that seen with thromboangiitis obliterans.

  5. Antibody-Mediated Lung Transplant Rejection

    OpenAIRE

    Hachem, Ramsey

    2012-01-01

    Antibody-mediated rejection after lung transplantation remains enigmatic. However, emerging evidence over the past several years suggests that humoral immunity plays an important role in allograft rejection. Indeed, the development of donor-specific antibodies after transplantation has been identified as an independent risk factor for acute cellular rejection and bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome. Furthermore, cases of acute antibody-mediated rejection resulting in severe allograft dysfunctio...

  6. Inappropriate circumcision referrals by GPs.

    OpenAIRE

    Griffiths, D.; Frank, J D

    1992-01-01

    One hundred and twenty boys were referred by GPs over a 12-month period to a paediatric urologist for circumcision. The reasons for referral were: ballooning in 36, non-retraction in 28, balanoposthitis in 36 or a combination in 15. On examination 53% had a retractile, 21% a partially retractile and 21% a non-retractile foreskin. Six patients had obvious balanitis xerotica obliterans. Only one quarter of the patients required a circumcision. The penis was not examined by the referring doctor ...

  7. Development of Air Sampling and Analytical Methods for Acetoin, Diacetyl, and 2,3-Pentanedione

    OpenAIRE

    Takaku-Pugh, Sayaka

    2012-01-01

    Acetoin, diacetyl, and 2,3-pentanedione are artificial butter flavoring ingredients. Occupational exposures to diacetyl are associated with severe respiratory disease including bronchiolitis obliterans. Dynamic and passive air sampling and analytical methods were developed for simultaneous sampling of these ketones using 10 % (w/w) O-(2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorobenzyl)hydroxylamine hydrochloride (PFBHA) on Tenax TA (80/100 mesh). PFBHA O-oximes of the ketones were synthesized with above 95 % pur...

  8. Changes in the Lung Microbiome following Lung Transplantation Include the Emergence of Two Distinct Pseudomonas Species with Distinct Clinical Associations

    OpenAIRE

    Dickson, Robert P; Erb-Downward, John R.; Freeman, Christine M.; Walker, Natalie; Scales, Brittan S.; Beck, James M.; Martinez, Fernando J; Curtis, Jeffrey L.; Lama, Vibha N.; Huffnagle, Gary B.

    2014-01-01

    Background Multiple independent culture-based studies have identified the presence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in respiratory samples as a positive risk factor for bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). Yet, culture-independent microbiological techniques have identified a negative association between Pseudomonas species and BOS. Our objective was to investigate whether there may be a unifying explanation for these apparently dichotomous results. Methods We performed bronchoscopies with bronch...

  9. Regional ventilation/perfusion mismatch pattern in patient with Swyer James (MacLeod's) syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Sait Sager; Sertac Asa; Reşit Akyel; Ersan Atahan; Bedii Kanmaz

    2014-01-01

    Swyer James (McLeod′s) syndrome (SJMS) is an uncommon disease, which occurs as a result of childhood bronchiolitis obliterans. Patients may not be diagnosed until later in their life. A 46-year-old man underwent ventilation/perfusion scintigraphy for acute onset of dyspnea. The scan showed markedly diminished ventilation and perfusion unilaterally on the right middle and inferior lobes. However, mismatched ventilation-perfusion pattern was shown on the upper right lobe, which was consistent w...

  10. Noninvasive Investigations for the Early Detection of Chronic Airways Dysfunction Following Lung Transplantation

    OpenAIRE

    Cook, Richard C.; Guy Fradet; Nestor L Muller; Daniel F Worsley; David Ostrow; Levy, Robert D

    2003-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of chronic rejection after lung transplantation is limited by the lack of a reliable test to detect airways disease early.OBJECTIVES: To determine whether maximum midexpiratory flow (MMEF), or changes on high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) or ventilation/perfusion lung (V/Q) scans are sensitive and specific for early detection of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS; forced expiratory volume in 1 s [FEV1] less than 80% post-transplant baseline) by evaluating...

  11. Bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy in a young female: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Varma Seema

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Hilar or mediastinal lymphadenopathy is not included in the wide spectrum of radiologic findings associated with bronchiolitis obliterans-organizing pneumonia (BOOP. We present a patient who presented with extensive hilar and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. We suspected a diagnosis of sarcoidosis. The patient was diagnosed with idiopathic BOOP. This is the first case demonstrating that BOOP, now referred to as cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP, can present with bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy.

  12. Bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy in a young female: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Varma Seema; Gupta Shilpi; ElSoueidi Raymond; Dhar Meekoo; Talwar Jotica; Mobarakai Neville

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Hilar or mediastinal lymphadenopathy is not included in the wide spectrum of radiologic findings associated with bronchiolitis obliterans-organizing pneumonia (BOOP). We present a patient who presented with extensive hilar and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. We suspected a diagnosis of sarcoidosis. The patient was diagnosed with idiopathic BOOP. This is the first case demonstrating that BOOP, now referred to as cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP), can present with bilateral hilar lym...

  13. Kriptojenik organize pnömoni tanısında tru-cut biyopsi

    OpenAIRE

    Balcan, Baran; Olgun, Şehnaz; Sağmen, Seda Beyhan; Bağcı Ceyhan, Berrin

    2015-01-01

    Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) was first described by Davison and colleagues in 1983. Previously, it was called bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOB). The following are known causes of COP: toxic gas inhalation, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, aspiration, blood transfusion, upper respiratory tract infections, or it can be idiopathic. The clinical features of the patients resemble those of pneumonia or upper respiratory tract infection. In COP, imaging scans of the lung...

  14. A Case of Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia Occurring in Crohn’s Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Pierluigi Carratù; Silvano Dragonieri; Maria Cristina Nocerino; Senia Maria Rosaria Trabucco; Donato Lacedonia; Giuseppe Parisi; Onofrio Resta

    2005-01-01

    A 29 year-old-man with Crohn's disease, who developed diffuse pulmonary infiltrates and hypoxemia two months following oral administration of mesalazine, was examined. Clinical findings and computed tomography were suggestive of, and lung histology was diagnostic of, bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia, also known as cryptogenic organizing pneumonia. Although the data did not allow for definitive conclusions, they did suggest that the pulmonary disease was an extraintestinal manifes...

  15. Current Status of Patients with Buerger Disease in Japan

    OpenAIRE

    Hida, Noriyuki; Ohta, Takashi

    2013-01-01

    The prevalence and clinical characteristics of Japanese patients with Buerger disease (thromboangiitis obliterans: TAO) were analyzed based on the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) database in 2009. A total of 129 new patients and 3639 patients in follow-up were selected according to the clinical criteria of TAO. The current number of patients with TAO in Japan is estimated at about 4000. The clinical course is relatively favorable, and the rates of limb morbidity and mortality we...

  16. Discrepancy between mRNA and Protein Expression of Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin in Bronchial Epithelium Induced by Sulfur Mustard

    OpenAIRE

    Majid Ebrahimi; Mehryar Habibi Roudkenar; Abbas Ali Imani Fooladi; Raheleh Halabian; Mostafa Ghanei; Hisatake Kondo; Mohammad Reza Nourani

    2010-01-01

    Sulfur mustard (SM) is a potent vesicant that has been employed as a chemical weapon in various conflicts during the 20th century. More recently, mustard was used in the Iraq conflict against Iranian troops and civilians. At the present time there are more than 40.000 people suffering from pulmonary lesions special bronchiolitis obliterans (BOs) due to mustard gas. SM increases the endogenous production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Neutrophil Gelatinase-associated Lipocalin 2 (Lcn2, NGAL...

  17. Fixed obstructive lung disease among workers in the flavor-manufacturing industry--California, 2004-2007.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-04-27

    Bronchiolitis obliterans, a rare and life-threatening form of fixed obstructive lung disease, is known to be caused by exposure to noxious gases in occupational settings and has been described in workers in the microwave-popcorn industry who were exposed to artificial butter-flavoring chemicals, including diacetyl. In August 2004, the California Department of Health Services (CDHS) and Division of Occupational Safety and Health (Cal/OSHA) received the first report of a bronchiolitis obliterans diagnosis in a flavor-manufacturing worker in California. In April 2006, a second report was received of a case in a flavor-manufacturing worker from another company. Neither worker was employed in the microwave-popcorn industry; both were workers in the flavor-manufacturing industry, which produces artificial butter flavoring and other flavors such as cherry, almond, praline, jalapeno, and orange. Both workers had handled pure diacetyl, an ingredient in artificial butter and other flavorings, and additional chemicals involved in the manufacturing process. Studies have indicated that exposure to diacetyl causes severe respiratory epithelial injury in animals. Because the manufacture of flavorings involves more than 2,000 chemicals, workers in the general flavor-manufacturing industry are exposed to more chemicals than workers in the microwave-popcorn industry, which primarily uses butter flavorings. Food flavorings are designated "generally recognized as safe" when approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration; flavorings are not known to put consumers at risk for lung disease. This report describes the first two cases of bronchiolitis obliterans in flavor-manufacturing workers in California, the findings of the public health investigation, and the actions taken by state and federal agencies to prevent future cases of occupational bronchiolitis obliterans. To identify cases and reduce risk for lung disease from occupational exposure to flavorings, a timely, effective

  18. Novel risk factors for premature peripheral arterial occlusive disease in non-diabetic patients: a case-control study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annie M Bérard

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of genetic and environmental vascular risk factors in non diabetic patients with premature peripheral arterial disease, either peripheral arterial occlusive disease or thromboangiitis obliterans, the two main entities of peripheral arterial disease, and to established whether some of them are specifically associated with one or another of the premature peripheral arterial disease subgroups. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study included 113 non diabetic patients with premature peripheral arterial disease (diagnosis <45-year old presenting either a peripheral arterial occlusive disease (N = 64 or a thromboangiitis obliterans (N = 49, and 241 controls matched for age and gender. Both patient groups demonstrated common traits including cigarette smoking, low physical activity, decreased levels of HDL-cholesterol, apolipoprotein A-I, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (active form of B6 vitamin and zinc. Premature peripheral arterial occlusive disease was characterized by the presence of a family history of peripheral arterial and carotid artery diseases (OR 2.3 and 5.8 respectively, 95% CI, high lipoprotein (a levels above 300 mg/L (OR 2.3, 95% CI, the presence of the factor V Leiden (OR 5.1, 95% CI and the glycoprotein Ia(807T,837T,873A allele (OR 2.3, 95% CI. In thromboangiitis obliterans group, more patients were regular consumers of cannabis (OR 3.5, 95% CI and higher levels in plasma copper has been shown (OR 6.5, 95% CI. CONCLUSIONS: According to our results from a non exhaustive list of study parameters, we might hypothesize for 1 a genetic basis for premature peripheral arterial occlusive disease development and 2 the prevalence of environmental factors in the development of thromboangiitis obliterans (tobacco and cannabis. Moreover, for the first time, we demonstrated that the 807T/837T/873A allele of platelet glycoprotein Ia may confer an additional risk for development of peripheral

  19. Imaging appearances of Buerger's disease complications in the upper and lower limbs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease) is a rare, non-atherosclerotic, segmental, inflammatory vasculitis that most commonly involves small and medium-sized arteries, veins and nerves of the extremities and affects tobacco smokers between the ages of 25 and 45 years. The manifestations of Buerger's disease can be extremely variable and, therefore, awareness of the condition is important for both general and musculoskeletal radiologists. This paper presents the radiological appearance of the sequelae of Buerger's disease involving the upper and lower limbs.

  20. Lyme arthritis. Spirochetes found in synovial microangiopathic lesions.

    OpenAIRE

    Johnston, Y. E.; Duray, P. H.; Steere, A. C.; Kashgarian, M.; Buza, J.; Malawista, S E; Askenase, P. W.

    1985-01-01

    In 17 patients with Lyme disease, synovial specimens, obtained by synovectomy or needle biopsy, showed nonspecific villous hypertrophy, synovial cell hyperplasia, prominent microvasculature, lymphoplasmacellular infiltration, and sometimes lymphoid follicles. The larger surgically obtained specimens also showed striking deposition of fibrin in synovial stroma and a form of endarteritis obliterans. In 2 patients, spirochetes were seen in and around blood vessels by the Dieterle silver stain. C...

  1. Carcinoma de pene y liquen escleroso: dos entidades estrechamente relacionadas

    OpenAIRE

    H. Hernández; Bielsa, O; Lloreta, Josep; Del Canto, M.; Esgueva, R.; Lorente, J. A.; Arango O.

    2008-01-01

    El liquen escleroatrófico (LS) o Balanitis xerótica obliterans es un transtorno crónico de la piel de causa desconocida que puede aparecer en la región genital sobre todo en varones de mediana edad no circuncidados y que se relaciona con el cáncer de pene. Su incidencia varía en función de las series

  2. Two-stage repair in hypospadias

    OpenAIRE

    Haxhirexha, K. N.; Castagnetti, M; Rigamonti, W; Manzoni, G. A.

    2008-01-01

    We provide the reader with a nonsystematic review concerning the use of the two-stage approach in hypospadias repairs. A one-stage approach using the tubularized incised plate urethroplasty is a well-standardized approach for the most cases of hypospadias. Nevertheless, in some primary severe cases, in most hypospadias failures and in selected patients with balanitis xerotica obliterans a two-stage approach is preferable. During the first stage the penis is straightened, if necessary and the ...

  3. Emprego da submucosa intestinal suína em uretroplastias complexas The use of porcine intestinal submucosa for complex urethroplasty

    OpenAIRE

    Paulo César Rodrigues Palma; Cássio Luís Zanettini Riccetto; Marcelo Thiel

    2003-01-01

    We report the use of Porcine Intestinal Submucosa (PIS) in association with Johanson technique for urethroplasty, in the treatment of recurring urethral stenosis. The patient had obliterans xerotica balanitis and had previously undergone 15 internal uretotomies as well as various unsuccessful urethral dilations. As a result of stenotic extension, another surgery was planned using Johanson technique. During the first part of the surgery, intense local fibrosis was observed, which required grea...

  4. Study of protein metabolism and cell proliferation using 15N

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Investigations of nitrogen and protein metabolism with the stable isotope 15N were carried out in 11 patients with arteriosclerosis and 7 healthy controls. After oral application of 3 g 15NH4Cl (95 At% 15N) per 70 kg body weight the incorporation of the isotope 15N in plasma proteins and blood cells and the 15N elimination in urine were followed up. Retardations of 15N elimination, an accelerated incorporation of 15N in fibrin and a retarded 15N incorporation in platelet protein were observed in patients with arteriosclerosis. The described method enables complex assertions about protein metabolism of the whole body and so represents a possibility to evaluate objectively the influence of an intervention on metabolism. (author)

  5. Environmental variation of arsenic levels in human blood determined by neutron activation analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heydorn, Kaj

    1970-01-01

    Arsenic levels in blood plasma and red cells from patients with Blackfoot disease, a peripheral arteriosclerosis endemic to a small area in Taiwan, were studied in relation to healthy individuals from the same and other parts of Taiwan and compared with arsenic levels in a control group from Denm...... in Denmark, which geochemically belongs to a soil zone with less arsenic than Taiwan.......Arsenic levels in blood plasma and red cells from patients with Blackfoot disease, a peripheral arteriosclerosis endemic to a small area in Taiwan, were studied in relation to healthy individuals from the same and other parts of Taiwan and compared with arsenic levels in a control group from...... Denmark. Arsenic was determined by neutron activation analysis with radiochemical separation and re-irradiation yield determination. The precision and accuracy of the results have been carefully evaluated in order to permit quantitative tests for the significance of the observed differences. The results...

  6. Age-related changes in regional cerebral blood flow and brain volume in healthy subjects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using the xenon-133 inhalation method, we studied the age-related decline in regional cerebral blood flow, calculated as the initial slope index (ISI), in neurologically normal subjects without any risk factors for cerebral arteriosclerosis (154 men and 123 women), ranging in age from 19 to 88 years. The decline in the ISI was rapid in younger age groups and gradual in older age groups. The ISI was higher in women than in men older than 40 years. Using computed tomography, we studied the age-related decline in brain volume index (BVI; 100% X brain volume/cranial cavity volume) in neurologically normal subjects without any risk factors for cerebral arteriosclerosis (92 men and 49 women), ranging in age from 37 to 86 years. The decline in the BVI was gradual in younger age groups and rapid in older age groups. The BVI was higher in women than in men older than 60 years

  7. A new course in the clinical pathways for metabolic syndrome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Metabolic syndrome is consisted with multiple risk factors such as diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension based on visceral fat accumulation, for the development of arteriosclerosis. We present, here, a clinical pathway for education of patients with metabolic syndrome. The program contains an adequate explanation of the high risk for arteriosclerosis to the patients, the measurement of visceral fat content by computed tomography, and several clinical examinations for the evaluation of arteriosclerotic lesions. We have presented this program on the ward of diabetes center in our hospital for patients diagnosed as having metabolic syndrome. Because the focus of education is to clarify understanding of the harmful effects of visceral fat and the benefits of its reduction, it might be a valuable tool to motivate and empower the patient and improve the patient's lifestyle. (author)

  8. Nutritional phenolic compounds in red wines determined by HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS and MS/MS technique

    OpenAIRE

    Ivanova, Violeta; Hermosín-Gutiérrez, Isidro; Vojnoski, Borimir; Gulaboski, Rubin

    2015-01-01

    Red wine is a rich source of bioactive and nutritional phenolic compounds which show antioxidant properties, present potential health effect, exhibit a free radical scavenging activity as well as a protective activity against arteriosclerosis, coronary heart disease or inhibit the cancer cell growth. In this study, the detailed phenolic profile of Macedonian red wines Vranec, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon, was determined. For that purpose, a high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with...

  9. Calcificación vascular asociada a inflamación : influencia de la vitamina D

    OpenAIRE

    Guerrero Pavón, Fátima

    2012-01-01

    Arteriosclerosis y aterosclerosis son procesos comunes en los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC). De hecho, la calcificación vascular (CV) representa un importante factor de riesgo que contribuye a la alta tasa de mortalidad cardiovascular asociada a la ERC. En pacientes urémicos, la CV está causada, en parte, por alteraciones en el metabolismo mineral estrechamente relacionadas con el control del hiperparatiroidismo secundario (HPT2º). Los pacientes con ERC muestr...

  10. Puncture-ejection of own egg by Least Bell's Vireo and potential implications for anti-parasitism defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharp, B.L.; Peterson, B.L.; Kus, B.E.

    2005-01-01

    A simple, papillary cystic adenocarcinoma of the mammary gland with metastases to the internal iliac and mesenteric lymph nodes, liver, and spleen was observed in a 12 to 13 year old female black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes). Histologically, the tumor was aggressive, and lymphatic invasion was found. Attempts at virus isolation were negative. Other findings were bilateral infarcts in the kidneys, apparently resulting in acute renal shutdown and death, multiple thrombi in the right atrium, aortic arteriosclerosis, and focal interstitial pneumonia.

  11. Homocysteine and atheromatosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪梅

    2006-01-01

    @@ Homocysteine (Hcy) was first linked with atherosclerosis over more than 30 years ago. McCully reported autopsy evidence of extensive arterial thrombosis and atherosclerosis in two children with elevated plasma Hcy concentrations and homocystinuria in 1969. On the basis of this clinical observation, he put forward the Hcy theory of arteriosclerosis. Subsequent investigations HHcy have confirmed the association between and premature atherosclerosis of the coronary, cerebrovascular, and peripheral vascular beds.

  12. Bypassmaterialien in der Gefäßchirurgie

    OpenAIRE

    Eidt, D; Roll, S.; Kulp, W; Müller-Nordhorn, J.; Vauth, C; Greiner, W; Willich, SN; von der Schulenburg, JM

    2006-01-01

    Introduction Arteriosclerotic changes can lead to circulatory disturbances in various areas of the human vascular system. In addition to pharmacological therapy and the management of risk factors (e. g. hypertension, diabetes, lipid metabolism disorders, and lifestyle), surgical interventions also play an important role in the treatment of arteriosclerosis. Long-segment arterial occlusions, in particular, can be treated successfully with bypass sur-gery. A number of different materials are av...

  13. Natural Killer T Cells in Adipose Tissue Are Activated in Lean Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Kondo, Taisuke; Toyoshima, Yujiro; Ishii, Yoshiyuki; Kyuwa, Shigeru

    2013-01-01

    Adipose tissues are closely connected with the immune system. It has been suggested that metabolic syndromes such as type 2 diabetes, arteriosclerosis and liver steatosis can be attributed to adipose tissue inflammation characterized by macrophage infiltration. To understand a physiological and pathological role of natural killer T (NKT) cells on inflammation in adipose tissue, we characterized a subset of NKT cells in abdominal and subcutaneous adipose tissues in C57BL/6J mice fed normal or ...

  14. Relationship between vascular endothelial function and pulse wave velocity in prehypertension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨娉婷

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the association between vascular endothelial function and arteriosclerosis in prehypertensive,hypertensive and healthy subjects.Methods 810 consecutive subjects were divided into three groups:hypertension group,prehypertension group and control group.Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity(ba PWV)and flow-mediated brachial artery dilation(FMD)were used to evaluate the artery vascular stiffness and endothelial function respectively.Results Prehypertension

  15. Chronic cardiac rejection: identification of five upregulated genes in transplanted hearts by differential mRNA display.

    OpenAIRE

    Utans, U; Liang, P; Wyner, L R; Karnovsky, M. J.; Russell, M. E.

    1994-01-01

    Transplant arteriosclerosis, the major manifestation of chronic rejection, develops after allogeneic (Lewis to F344) but not syngeneic (Lewis to Lewis) rat cardiac transplantation. To identify transcriptionally regulated mediators associated with chronic cardiac rejection, we adapted the differential mRNA display technique for in vivo transplant specimens. Gene transcript patterns in four allogeneic hearts showing early signs of chronic rejection were compared with those in two syngeneic hear...

  16. Carotid ultrasonographic parameters as markers of atherogenesis and mortality rate in patients on hemodialysis

    OpenAIRE

    Stolić Radojica; Trajković Goran; Jovanović Aleksandar; Stolić Dragica; Perić Vladan; Sovtić Saša; Šubarić-Gorgieva Gordana

    2010-01-01

    Background/Aim. Vascular endothelium plays an important role in atherogenesis. The aim of this study was to estimate the correlation of endothelium malfunction and arteriosclerosis in patients on hemodialysis. Methods. The investigation was designed as a clinical, non-randomized, fiveyear study in the 'Kragujevac' Clinical Center and included 146 patients. We evaluated demographic characteristics, smoking, duration of dialysis, existence of tissue calcification and duplex ultrasound parameter...

  17. C-Reactive Protein Inhibits Survivin Expression via Akt/mTOR Pathway Downregulation by PTEN Expression in Cardiac Myocytes

    OpenAIRE

    Beom Seob Lee; Soo Hyuk Kim; Jaewon Oh; Taewon Jin; Eun Young Choi; Sungha Park; Sang-Hak Lee; Ji Hyung Chung; Seok-Min Kang

    2014-01-01

    C-reactive protein (CRP) is one of the most important biomarkers for arteriosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Recent studies have shown that CRP affects cell cycle and inflammatory process in cardiac myocytes. Survivin is also involved in cardiac myocytes replication and apoptosis. Reduction of survivin expression is associated with less favorable cardiac remodeling in animal models. However, the effect of CRP on survivin expression and its cellular mechanism has not yet been studied. We ...

  18. The treatment of type 2 diabetes in the presence of renal impairment: what we should know about newer therapies

    OpenAIRE

    Davies, Melanie

    2016-01-01

    Melanie Davies,1,2 Sudesna Chatterjee,1,2 Kamlesh Khunti1,2 1Diabetes Research Centre, University of Leicester, 2Leicester Diabetes Centre, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, UK Abstract: Worldwide, an estimated 200 million people have chronic kidney disease (CKD), the most common causes of which include hypertension, arteriosclerosis, and diabetes. Importantly, ~40% of patients with diabetes develop CKD, yet evidence from major multicenter randomized controlled trials s...

  19. Clinical Observation on Acupuncture Treatment of Cerebrovascular Dementia- A Report of 32 Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@Cerebrovascular dementia is a common disease in the middle-aged and old people. Its incidence makes up about 10-20% of all kinds of dementia. It is mainly caused by general degeneration of the brain function resulted from cerebral arteriosclerosis and cerebral infarction. The author has treated 32 cases of cerebrovascular dementia with acupuncture in the recent years with satisfactory therapeutic results. A report follows.

  20. Correlation Factor Analysis of Retinal Microvascular Changes in Patients With Essential Hypertension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huang Duru; Huang Zhongning

    2006-01-01

    Objectives To investigate correlation between retinal microvascular signs and essential hypertension classification. Methods The retinal microvascular signs in patients with essential hypertension were assessed with the indirect biomicroscopy lens, the direct and the indirect ophthalmoscopes were used to determine the hypertensive retinopathy grades and retinal arteriosclerosis grades.The rank correlation analysis was used to analysis the correlation these grades with the risk factors concerned with hypertension. Results Of 72 cases with essential hypertension, 28 cases complicated with coronary disease, 20 cases diabetes, 41 cases stroke,17 cases renal malfunction. Varying extent retinal arterioscleroses were found in 71 cases, 1 case with retinal hemorrhage, 2 cases with retina edema, 4 cases with retinal hard exudation, 5 cases with retinal hemorrhage complicated by hard exudation, 2 cases with retinal hemorrhage complicated by hard exudation and cotton wool spot, 1 case with retinal hemorrhage complicated by hard exudation and microaneurysms,1 case with retinal edema and hard exudation, 1 case with retinal microaneurysms, 1 case with branch retinal vein occlusion. The rank correlation analysis showed that either hypertensive retinopathy grades or retinal arteriosclerosis grades were correlated with risk factor lamination of hypertension (r=0.25 or 0.31, P<0.05), other correlation factors included age and blood high density lipoprotein concerned about hypertensive retinopathy grades or retinal arteriosclerosis grades, but other parameters, namely systolic or diastolic pressure, total cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, fasting blood glucose,blood urea nitrogen and blood creatinine were not confirmed in this correlation analysis (P > 0.05).Conclusions Either hypertensive retinopathy grade or retinal arteriosclerosis grade is close with the hypertension risk factor lamination, suggesting that the fundus examination of patients with

  1. Risk Factors for Central and Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion: A Meta-Analysis of Published Clinical Data

    OpenAIRE

    Kolar, Petr

    2014-01-01

    Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is a major cause of vision loss. Of the two main types of RVO, branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) is 4 to 6 times more prevalent than central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). A basic risk factor for RVO is advancing age. Further risk factors include systemic conditions like hypertension, arteriosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, vascular cerebral stroke, blood hyperviscosity, and thrombophilia. A strong risk factor for RVO is the metabolic syndrome (hyp...

  2. Blood pressure changes resulting from aortography.

    OpenAIRE

    Snowdon, S L; Whitehouse, G. H.

    1981-01-01

    Patients requiring aortography frequently suffer from generalized arteriosclerosis. Uncontrolled hypotension is therefore clearly undesirable, especially if associated with myocardial depression. Significant hypotension was observed following the use of conventional ionic contrast media, Urografin 370 and Cardioconray, and occurred following every injection in this study. Metrizamide, a non-ionic contrast medium, was found to be associated with a smaller fall in blood pressure of a shorter du...

  3. Primary school teacher's sports activity in connection with the quality of physical education

    OpenAIRE

    Vodovnik, Jasmina

    2014-01-01

    In today's environment and society, modern technology is present everywhere. This so-called modern era offers so many healthy as well as unhealthy alternatives for physical exercise that the amount of it is dangerously diminishing. It is something we must stand up to. Every individual must realize that physical exercise is necessary. Each physical activity leads us over the cliffs that are called diseases of contemporary times. Illnesses like diabetes type 2, osteoporosis, arteriosclerosis, h...

  4. Arterioskleroserisiko und Thrombozytenfunktion bei Patienten mit Phenylketonurie (PKU)

    OpenAIRE

    Nee, Jens

    2012-01-01

    Patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) have to keep to a special phenylalanine-poor diet. The present study analyses the risk of early atherosclerotic changes and platelet function by flow cytometry in 43 patients with phenylketonuria (PKU). To examine the early risk of arteriosclerosis the surrogate markers intima-media thickness (IMT), pulsatility index (PI) and beta stiffness index of the Common Carotid Artery was measured by ultrasound. Furthermore the influence of substitution with omega -...

  5. Effect of Lactic Acid Bacteria on Lipid Metabolism and Fat Synthesis in Mice Fed a High-fat Diet

    OpenAIRE

    YONEJIMA, Yasunori; Ushida, Kazunari; Mori, Yoshiro

    2013-01-01

    Visceral fat accumulation is a major risk factor for the development of obesity-related diseases, including diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and arteriosclerosis. Stimulation of lipolytic activity in adipose tissue or inhibition of fat synthesis is one way to prevent these serious diseases. Lactic acid bacteria have an anti-obesity effect, but the mechanisms are unclear. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of the administration of lactic acid bacteria (Lactobacillus gasseri NT) on lipid...

  6. Not at random location of atherosclerotic lesions in thoracic aorta and their prognostic significance in relation to the risk of cardiovascular events

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thoracic aortic calcium deposits are frequently detected on tomography of the chest, and in other imaging modalities. Numerous studies indicated the correlation of hemodynamic parameters such as wall shear stress in relation to distribution aortic calcifications. This publication discusses similarities and differences of two distinct pathomechanisms of arterial calcifications: intimal associated with atherosclerosis and medial knows as Mönckeberg’s arteriosclerosis. This review also analyzes the frequent coexistence of aortic calcification and coronary artery disease in terms of risk of cardiovascular events

  7. Searching of the peripheric arterial disease in which patient have cerebrovascular event

    OpenAIRE

    Kanar, Rayiha Görkem

    2012-01-01

    Arteriosclerotic disease a systemic disease. Arteriosclerotic disease may affect more than one region in vascular system. In the presence of risk factors of arteriosclerosis; clinical manifestations will emerge depending on organ involvement. The aim of our study is searching the association of peripheral artery disease and determining related risk factors in patients who had cerebrovascular event. This study was performed by Cardiovascular Surgery Department of Trakya Universty Faculty of Me...

  8. Specifičnost rehabilitacije starostnikov: Specifity of the rehabilitation of the elderly:

    OpenAIRE

    Jesenšek Papež, Breda; Turk, Eva; Turk, Zmago

    2008-01-01

    Many of demographic changes occurred in the past decade and the share of people over 65 years of age in Europe is already exceeding 17%. The elderly are marked with multimorbidity and greater frequency of injuries which go hand in hand with decrease in functional abilities and daily living quality. Degenerative diseases, chronic diseases, diabetes, arteriosclerosis, and osteoporosis require different access to the health care system and there is a need for establishing a biosociomedical progr...

  9. KLOTHO Allele Status and the Risk of Early-Onset Occult Coronary Artery Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Arking, Dan E; Becker, Diane M.; Lisa R Yanek; Fallin, Daniele; Judge, Daniel P.; Moy, Taryn F.; Becker, Lewis C.; Dietz, Harry C.

    2003-01-01

    We previously identified a functional variant of KLOTHO (termed “KL-VS”), which harbors two amino acid substitutions in complete linkage disequilibrium and is associated with reduced human longevity when in homozygosity. Klotho-deficient mice display extensive arteriosclerosis when fed a normal diet, suggesting a potent genetic predisposition. To determine whether klotho influences atherosclerotic risk in humans, we performed cross-sectional studies to assess the association between the KL-VS...

  10. The impact of exercise capacity in the atherosclerotic patient: Keep on walking!

    OpenAIRE

    Liefde, Inge

    2011-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a manifestation of systemic arteriosclerosis. It is a common disease affecting millions of people. Depending on the age of the investigated population prevalences between 4% to 29% has been reported. It is alarming that the prevalence is expected to rise in the following decades due to the aging of the western population and the increase of risk factors such as diabetes mellitus, obesity and lack of exercise. Patients with PAD ...

  11. ストレス課題における心臓血管系反応に対する怒り表出性の検討 : anger expression-inの効果

    OpenAIRE

    石原, 俊一

    2006-01-01

    Recently, it has been suggested that anger expressions such as anger-in, anger-out, and anger-control contribute to the development of coronary heart disease (CHD). In the 1980s, an increased number of studies indicated that anger and hostility were directly related to CHD. Dembroski et al. reported the relationship between angiographically documented coronary arteriosclerosis and anger and hostility. Williams et al. found a relationship between the scale of hostility in the Minnesota Multiph...

  12. Medial arterial calcification, calcific aortic stenosis and mitral annular calcification in a diabetic patient with severe autonomic neuropathy.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Cronin, C C

    2012-02-03

    Medial arterial calcification (Monckeberg\\'s arteriosclerosis) is well described in diabetic patients with autonomic neuropathy. There is also a high prevalence of diabetes mellitus among subjects with calcific aortic stenosis and mitral annular calcification. We describe a diabetic patient with autonomic neuropathy and extensive medial arterial calcification who also had calcification of the aortic valve and of the mitral valve annulus. We propose that autonomic neuropathy may play a role in calcification of these structures at the base of the heart.

  13. An Extract of Crataegus pinnatifida Fruit Attenuates Airway Inflammation by Modulation of Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 in Ovalbumin Induced Asthma

    OpenAIRE

    Shin, In Sik; Lee, Mee Young; Lim, Hye Sun; Ha, Hyekyung; Seo, Chang Seob; Kim, Jong-Choon; Shin, Hyeun Kyoo

    2012-01-01

    Background Crataegus pinnatifida (Chinese hawthorn) has long been used as a herbal medicine in Asia and Europe. It has been used for the treatment of various cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial weakness, tachycardia, hypertension and arteriosclerosis. In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of Crataegus pinnatifida ethanolic extracts (CPEE) on Th2-type cytokines, eosinophil infiltration, expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, and other factors, using an ov...

  14. Arterial Stiffening and Clinical Outcomes in Dialysis Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Kato, Akihiko

    2015-01-01

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in dialysis patients. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is more efficient to handily assess arteriosclerosis than aortic PWV. The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is also a novel blood pressure-independent arterial stiffness parameter. In dialysis patients, both baPWV and CAVI are increased compared to general subjects. Several studies have demonstrated that increased baPWV is associated with carotid athe...

  15. Fetale Programmierung von Wildtyp-Nachkommen heterozygoter eNOS-Knockout-Mäuse

    OpenAIRE

    Kempiners, Nina

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Manifold epidemiological studies have shown that low birth weight and fetal deprivation are associated with disease in later life. This correlation has been shown especially for cardiovascular disease, arteriosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidaemia and obesity. On the experimental side studies with homocygous eNOS-knockout-mice could support these data. Unfortunately the existing experimental designs do not distinguish between fetal, maternal and paternal genotype. Moreove...

  16. Genetic association of glutathione peroxidase-1 with coronary artery calcification in type 2 diabetes: a case control study with multi-slice computed tomography

    OpenAIRE

    Fujimoto Kei; Nishioka Makiko; Miyashita Yumi; Hiki Yoshito; Sasaki Takashi; Nishimura Rimei; Nemoto Masami; Sakuma Toru; Ohashi Toya; Fukuda Kunihiko; Eto Yoshikatsu; Tajima Naoko

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background Although oxidative stress by accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in diabetes has become evident, it remains unclear what genes, involved in redox balance, would determine susceptibility for development of atherosclerosis in diabetes. This study evaluated the effect of genetic polymorphism of enzymes producing or responsible for reducing ROS on coronary artery calcification in type 2 diabetes (T2D). Methods An index for coronary-arteriosclerosis, coronary artery c...

  17. Identifizierung und Charakterisierung von Suszeptibilitätsloci für Typ-2-Diabetes mellitus in einem Mausmodell für das Metabolische Syndrom

    OpenAIRE

    Plum, Leona

    2003-01-01

    New Zealand Obese (NZO) mice exhibit a polygenic syndrome of morbid obesity, insulin resistance, and arterial hypertension that resembles the human metabolic syndrome. In addition, adult NZO-males are severely hyperglycemic and hypoinsulinemic. In order to localize the genes responsible for this polygenic syndrome, an outcross model of NZO mice with the lean, arteriosclerosis-resistant SJL strain was established. A total of 400 male backcross mice were monitored over a time period of 22 weeks...

  18. Oxysterol content in selected meats and meat products

    OpenAIRE

    Dorota Derewiaka; Mieczysław Obiedziński

    2009-01-01

    Background. High consumption of oxysterols contributes to the development of arteriosclerosis. Thus it is necessary to monitor changes of their concentration in foodstuffs. The aim of this study was to determine the content of oxysterols in selected meats and meat products before and after heat treatment. Material and methods. Meats and meat products were pan fried in rapeseed oil for 10 minutes. Oxysterols methodology applied for the study of fat extraction, saponification, derivat...

  19. Obsah vybraných fenolických látek v kořeninových rostlinách.

    OpenAIRE

    BERANOVÁ, Zuzana

    2013-01-01

    This work concerns the amount of certain phenols in some of the representatives of families Alliaceae, Lamiaceae and Apiaceae. Phenols in plants are widely represented and highly concentrated. Flavonoids are one of the smallest, yet quite significant classes of phenols. Ingestion of food containing flavonoids can prevent certain diseases such as Arteriosclerosis. cardiovascular and tumor diseases. This work focuses, for their special biological effects, on five flavonoids: Kaempferol, Quercet...

  20. High-resolution CT in patients with chronic airflow obstruction: correlation with clinical diagnosis and pulmonary function test

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hong, Ki Taek; Kang, Eun Young; Rhee, Ji Yong; Kim, Jin Hyung; Choi, Jung Ah; Cho, Jae Yoen; Oh, Yu Whan; Suh, Won Hyuck [College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-06-01

    To determine the utility of HRCT in the diagnosis of chronic airflow obstruction and to correlate the morphologic abnormalities revealed by this modality with functional impairment in patients with chronic airflow obstruction. This study involved 80 patients with chronic airflow obstruction who underwent HRCT and a pulmonary function test. Final clinical diagnosis in these patients was determined by a chest physician on the basis of clinical features, bronchoscopy, pulmonary function test, and HRCT. In order to diagnose and determine the extent of areas of decreased attenuation revealed by HRCT (the CT score), the findings of HRCT were retrospectively reviewed by two radiologists, who reached a consensus. Clinical and HRCT diagnoses were then compared, and the rate of agreement between them was calculated. The relationship between the extent of areas of decreased attenuation revealed by HRCT and by FEV1/FVC was evaluated using Correl's account and Student's unpaired t-test. The agreement rate between clinical and HRCT diagnoses was 77.5% (62/80). The rates for bronchiectasis (88.9%, 24/27), emphysema (93.9%, 31/33), and bronchiolitis obliterans (100%, 6/6) were considerably higher than those for chronic bronchitis and bronchial asthma. The correlation rate between CT score and FEV1/FVC was significant in bronchiectasis (p less than 0.05; r: -0.76) and bronchiolitis obliterans (p less than 0.01; r: -0.66), but not in cases involving emphysema, bronchial asthma, or chronic bronchitis (p greater than 0.05). HRCT is valuable in the diagnosis and prediction of physiologic impairment in patients with bronchiectasis and bronchiolitis obliterans, but has limited value in those with emphysema, chronic bronchitis or asthma. (author)

  1. 关于小儿闭塞性细支气管炎的再认识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张永菊; 张会武; 孟秋云; 刘金霞; 赵玉岐

    2016-01-01

    Pediatricbronchiolitis obliterans is one of the severe chronic lung diseases in children. Also it is the common prognosis for all kinds of pathogeny resulting in lung damage. Because of the low rate of incidence and terrible prognosis, lots of clinician can not recognize it in the early time. In recent years, the rate of bronchiolitis obliterans has increased obviously, which has brought attention among pediatric clinicians. But this disease can not be recognized early because of the lack of specificity. Especially the grassroots pediatric clinicians may misdiagnose because of lacking experience of this disease. In order to increase awareness of pediatric bronchiolitis obliterans, we will explain it in the following aspects: occurrence, development, the causes, thediagnosisandtreatment, and prognosis.%闭塞性细支气管炎是小儿时期较严重的慢性肺部疾病之一,是各种病因导致肺损伤的共同转归。在早期因发病率低,预后差,导致不被临床医师所认识。近几年来该病发病率有明显上升趋势,这已经引起了儿科临床医师的重视。但是该病因临床缺乏特异性表现,不易被早期认识。尤其在基层的儿科医师因缺乏对该病的临床经验,易导致误诊误治。为提高基层儿科医师对该病的再认识。现从闭塞性细支气管炎的发生、发展、病因、诊治及预后等几个方面进行综述。

  2. High-resolution CT in patients with chronic airflow obstruction: correlation with clinical diagnosis and pulmonary function test

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the utility of HRCT in the diagnosis of chronic airflow obstruction and to correlate the morphologic abnormalities revealed by this modality with functional impairment in patients with chronic airflow obstruction. This study involved 80 patients with chronic airflow obstruction who underwent HRCT and a pulmonary function test. Final clinical diagnosis in these patients was determined by a chest physician on the basis of clinical features, bronchoscopy, pulmonary function test, and HRCT. In order to diagnose and determine the extent of areas of decreased attenuation revealed by HRCT (the CT score), the findings of HRCT were retrospectively reviewed by two radiologists, who reached a consensus. Clinical and HRCT diagnoses were then compared, and the rate of agreement between them was calculated. The relationship between the extent of areas of decreased attenuation revealed by HRCT and by FEV1/FVC was evaluated using Correl's account and Student's unpaired t-test. The agreement rate between clinical and HRCT diagnoses was 77.5% (62/80). The rates for bronchiectasis (88.9%, 24/27), emphysema (93.9%, 31/33), and bronchiolitis obliterans (100%, 6/6) were considerably higher than those for chronic bronchitis and bronchial asthma. The correlation rate between CT score and FEV1/FVC was significant in bronchiectasis (p less than 0.05; r: -0.76) and bronchiolitis obliterans (p less than 0.01; r: -0.66), but not in cases involving emphysema, bronchial asthma, or chronic bronchitis (p greater than 0.05). HRCT is valuable in the diagnosis and prediction of physiologic impairment in patients with bronchiectasis and bronchiolitis obliterans, but has limited value in those with emphysema, chronic bronchitis or asthma. (author)

  3. A case of BOOP-like pneumonia induced by radiotherapy after surgical resection of breast cancer which healed spontaneously

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The patient was a 67-year-old woman. After mastectomy, she received 50 Gy radiation to her chest wall using a tangential beam. About 3 months later, she developed dry cough, and an infiltrated shadow was noted in the irradiated lung. The shadow later moved to the opposite lung. The pneumonia healed spontaneously thereafter. This case is noteworthy since it endorses the previously reported clinical feature of broncholitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP), i.e., a high likelihood of spontaneous healing even when it is induced by radiotherapy. (author)

  4. Regional ventilation/perfusion mismatch pattern in patient with Swyer James (MacLeod's) syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sager, Sait; Asa, Sertac; Akyel, Reşit; Atahan, Ersan; Kanmaz, Bedii

    2014-09-01

    Swyer James (McLeod's) syndrome (SJMS) is an uncommon disease, which occurs as a result of childhood bronchiolitis obliterans. Patients may not be diagnosed until later in their life. A 46-year-old man underwent ventilation/perfusion scintigraphy for acute onset of dyspnea. The scan showed markedly diminished ventilation and perfusion unilaterally on the right middle and inferior lobes. However, mismatched ventilation-perfusion pattern was shown on the upper right lobe, which was consistent with pulmonary embolism. Unilaterally matched ventilation/perfusion defect can see in SJMS in lung scintigraphy; however, when pulmoner embolism may accompany, scintigraphy should be carefully examined. PMID:25535507

  5. An Interesting Case of Bilateral Lung Consolidation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawar, Satyajit; Sharma, Animesh; Ragesh, R; Nischal, Neeraj; Jha, Saket; Das, Chandan J; Sharma, M C; Sharma, S K

    2015-07-01

    Organising pneumonia is a histopathological entity characterised by intra-alveolar buds of granulation tissue, intermixed myofibroblasts and connective tissue. Cryptogenic organising pneumonia (COP) is characterised by this particular histopathological pattern, along with typical clinical and imaging features, when no other underlying aetiology is found. COP (previously known as bronchiolitis obliterans organising pneumonia [BOOP]) is one of the rare variants of interstitial pneumonias. This condition is characterised by a rapid clinical and radiological improvement with steroid treatment. Here we are reporting a case of COP in adult female with discussion on approach and basic pathophysiology of this type of pneumonia. PMID:26731829

  6. Downregulation of super oxide dismutase level in protein might be due to sulfur mustard induced toxicity in lung.

    OpenAIRE

    Leila Mirbagheri; Mehryar Habibi Roudkenar; Abbas Ali Imani Fooladi; Mostafa Ghanei; Mohammad Reza Nourani

    2013-01-01

    Sulfur mustard (SM) has been identified as an important chemical weapon. During the Iran-Iraq war of 1980-88, the extensive usage of SM against Iranian civilians and military forces was proven. This agent has been shown to cause severe damage mainly in the skin, eyes, lungs,  and  respiratory  tract  in  Iranian  veterans.  The  most  common  disease  is bronchiolitis obliterans (BO)). SM increases the endogenous production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Superoxide dismutases (SODs) are kn...

  7. Politics, culture, and the legitimacy of disease: the case of Buerger's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lockwood, Stephen J; Bresler, Scott C; Granter, Scott R

    2016-09-01

    Thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) or Buerger's disease is a rare form of vasculitis with distinctive clinical and pathological features that carries significant morbidity, often leading to amputation, and is strongly associated with tobacco smoking. Despite its distinctive clinicopathological characteristics, the existence of TAO as an entity sui generis was challenged for many years as it languished in relative obscurity. Then, as societal attitudes towards smoking changed, TAO not only became accepted as a disease entity, it quite literally became a poster child to illustrate the ills of smoking. Herein, we examine the history of TAO to illustrate the power of societal attitudes and politics in shaping medicine. PMID:27188859

  8. Preputial skin free graft as dorsal onlay urethroplasty: Our experience of 73 patients

    OpenAIRE

    Bapat, Shivadeo S.; Padhye, Abhijit S.; Yadav, Pushkaraj B.; Bhave, Ashish A.

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To present the outcome of dorsal onlay urethroplasty in 73 patients for stricture urethra over a period of eight years. Materials and Methods: Seventy-three patients of stricture urethra have undergone dorsal onlay urethroplasty from July 1998 to February 2006. Age distribution: 14-58 years. Etiology: Trauma 20/73 (27.39%), Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans 2/73 (2.73%), Iatrogenic 26/73(35.61%), Infection 3/73 (4.10%), Idiopathic 22/73 (30.13%). Site: Penobulbar-25/73, bulbar-38/73, m...

  9. Association between poor glycemic control, impaired sleep quality, and increased arterial thickening in type 2 diabetic patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koichiro Yoda

    Full Text Available Poor sleep quality is an independent predictor of cardiovascular events. However, little is known about the association between glycemic control and objective sleep architecture and its influence on arteriosclerosis in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus (DM. The present study examined the association of objective sleep architecture with both glycemic control and arteriosclerosis in type-2 DM patients.Cross-sectional study in vascular laboratory.The subjects were 63 type-2 DM inpatients (M/F, 32/31; age, 57.5±13.1 without taking any sleeping promoting drug and chronic kidney disease. We examined objective sleep architecture by single-channel electroencephalography and arteriosclerosis by carotid-artery intima-media thickness (CA-IMT.HbA1c was associated significantly in a negative manner with REM sleep latency (interval between sleep-onset and the first REM period (β=-0.280, p=0.033, but not with other measurements of sleep quality. REM sleep latency associated significantly in a positive manner with log delta power (the marker of deep sleep during that period (β=0.544, p=0.001. In the model including variables univariately correlated with CA-IMT (REM sleep latency, age, DM duration, systolic blood pressure, and HbA1c as independent variables, REM sleep latency (β=-0.232, p=0.038, but not HbA1c were significantly associated with CA-IMT. When log delta power was included in place of REM sleep latency, log delta power (β=-0.257, p=0.023 emerged as a significant factor associated with CA-IMT.In type-2 DM patients, poor glycemic control was independently associated with poor quality of sleep as represented by decrease of REM sleep latency which might be responsible for increased CA-IMT, a relevant marker for arterial wall thickening.

  10. Alteraciones metabólicas de la Hiperlipemia Familiar Combinada y su asociación con la obesidad abdominal y la inflamación de bajo grado

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz Ruiz, María

    2015-01-01

    La HFC es un síndrome dislipémico descrito por Goldstein et al en 1973 identificado al estudiar a jóvenes supervivientes de un infarto agudo de miocardio y a sus familias. Observaron en ellos diferentes fenotipos metabólicos y lipoproteicos, con presencia de elevaciones de los niveles de colesterol total y/o triglicéridos, junto con elevación de lipoproteínas VLDL, de LDL, o de ambas lipoproteínas. La HFC presenta el desarrollo de arteriosclerosis como la manifestación clínica responsable de...

  11. A case study of technology transfer: Cardiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schafer, G.

    1974-01-01

    Research advancements in cardiology instrumentation and techniques are summarized. Emphasis is placed upon the following techniques: (1) development of electrodes which show good skin compatibility and wearer comfort; (2) contourography - a real time display system for showing the results of EKGs; (3) detection of arteriosclerosis by digital computer processing of X-ray photos; (4) automated, noninvasive systems for blood pressure measurement; (5) ultrasonoscope - a noninvasive device for use in diagnosis of aortic, mitral, and tricuspid valve disease; and (6) rechargable cardiac pacemakers. The formation of a biomedical applications team which is an interdisciplinary team to bridge the gap between the developers and users of technology is described.

  12. Marcadores de inflamación e insulinorresistencia en la hiperlipemia familiar combinada

    OpenAIRE

    Carratalá Calvo, Arturo

    2014-01-01

    La hiperlipemia familiar combinada (HFC) es un modelo genético de dislipemia mixta con resistencia a la insulina (RI) y elevado riesgo de cardiopatía isquémica por el desarrollo precoz de arteriosclerosis. La RI es independiente del grado de obesidad y del fenotipo lipoproteico. Constituye, además, factor de riesgo cardiovascular en estos pacientes. Actualmente existe una gran evidencia de que en el desarrollo y progresión de la aterosclerosis subyacen mecanismos inmunológicos e inflamator...

  13. IPF, comorbidities and management implications: Patient case 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilberg, Ole

    2015-01-01

    PATIENT PRESENTATION AND DIAGNOSIS: The patient is a 50-year-old woman who was referred to a tertiary centre with an HRCT showing definite UIP and a 6-minute walking distance of 145 metres. She was severely ill at presentation with a diffusion capacity of just 20%.The patient had a history of peripheral arterial disease and had undergone both aortofemoral and femoro-femoral bypass due to arteriosclerosis and gluteal ischaemia. She also was suffering from renal impairment and had recently quit smoking. PMID:26237441

  14. Efecto del género y parámetros antropométricos en marcadores de estrés oxidativo e inflamación en situación postprandial

    OpenAIRE

    Ferri Císcar, Jordi

    2015-01-01

    Título Efecto del género y parámetros antropométricos en marcadores de estrés oxidativo e inflamación en situación postprandial Introducción La arteriosclerosis (AE) es la principal causa de las enfermedades cardiovasculares y está relacionada con múltiples factores que son marcadores de inflamación crónica de bajo grado y de estrés oxidativo (EO) contribuyendo desde su inicio en el desarrollo de la disfunción endotelial. La lipemia postprandial (LPP) alterada está asociada co...

  15. Progress report 1980/81 of the Austrian Academy of Sciences

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From the numerous institutes and divisions of the Austrian Academy of Sciences presented in this report the Commission for Arteriosclerosis and Thrombosis Research (application of radioimmunoassay) and the Institute for X-ray Microstructure Research (investigation of biological substances by X-ray and neutron small angle scattering) are partly within the scope of INIS. Fully in scope are short project discriptions of the Institute for Radium Research and Nulear Physics: the Commission for the SIN-project and the Institute for High Energy Physics, completed by publication lists. (G.Q.)

  16. The role of dietary fats for preventing cardiovascular disease. A review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szostak-Wegierek, Dorota; Kłosiewicz-Latoszek, Longina; Szostak, Wiktor B; Cybulska, Barbara

    2013-01-01

    At the present, there is a pandemic of chronic non-communicable disease (NCD) affecting most countries of the world. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has identified the main contributing determinants to be cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, malignant cancer and chronic disease of the respiratory system. Unhealthy nutrition, as well as other adverse lifestyle health behaviour are recognised to be part of the prime factors responsible. According to WHO guidelines, a healthy lifestyle should include substituting saturated fatty acids (SFAs) with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) together with eliminating trans-fatty acids from the diet and limiting the intake of refined carbohydrates in conjunction with increasing the consumption of fruit, vegetables, nuts and wholegrain cereal products. Recent studies on the relations between CVD prevention and dietary fats have been however unclear. The present study thus aims to provide a review of current evidence and opinion on the type of dietary fat most appropriate for preventing arteriosclerosis. The adoption of dated recommendations on the need to increase dietary PUFA in both Northern Europe and America has led to n-6 PUFAs being predominant in diets as compared to n-3 PUFAs. This disproportion may have caused mortality to rise, due to CVD, as a result of arteriosclerosis in these countries. In contrast, a traditional Mediterranean diet yields a PUFA n-6/n-3 ratio of 2:1, which is much lower than for the aforementioned northern countries. Some authors however consider that assessing this ratio is irrelevant and that decreasing n-6 PUFA may be harmful. Such differences of opinion leads to confusion in adopting an effective approach for arteriosclerosis management regarding dietary n-6/n-3 ratios. Moreover, recent studies have added much controversy to the notion that the characteristics of SFAs are responsible for arteriosclerosis. These found that replacing dietary SFAs with carbohydrates did not reduce the risk

  17. Observation on Efficiency of Jiangtang (降糖) Capsule in Treating Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 with Hyperlipidemia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@Arteriosclerosis is a major common vascular disorder of diabetes mellitus (DM), and as the life-span of DM patients prolonged, the incidence increased, arteriosclerotic coronary heart disease (CHD) and cerebrovascular diseases have become the principal causes of death of DM. Therefore, improving the disturbance of glucose and lipid metabolism, and preventing chronic complication are the key links in the treatment of DM. The authors used Jiangtang capsule (降糖胶囊, JTC) in treating DM type 2. While treating hypoglycemia, promising effect in improving lipid metabolism disturbance is also obtained. It is reported as follows.

  18. Autoevaluación en Enfermería: Educación sanitaria del paciente con isquemia de las extremidades inferiores

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Rodrigo, María Teresa

    2000-01-01

    Juan L.R., jubilado de 72 años de edad, acude al médico por presentar dolor en ambas pantorrillas al caminar aproximadamente 800 metros. Hace 5 años se le diagnosticó diabetes mellitus e hiperlipidemia, que controla adecuadamente con antidiabéticos orales y dieta. La exploración física está dentro de la normalidad, si se exceptúa la disminución del latido en las arterias pedias. El médico diagnostica una arteriosclerosis...

  19. Subconjunctival hemorrhage: risk factors and potential indicators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarlan B

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Bercin Tarlan,1 Hayyam Kiratli21Department of Ophthalmology, Kozluk State Hospital, Batman, Turkey; 2Ocular Oncology Service, Hacettepe University Schoolof Medicine, Ankara, TurkeyAbstract: Subconjunctival hemorrhage is a benign disorder that is a common cause of acute ocular redness. The major risk factors include trauma and contact lens usage in younger patients, whereas among the elderly, systemic vascular diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, and arteriosclerosis are more common. In patients in whom subconjunctival hemorrhage is recurrent or persistent, further evaluation, including workup for systemic hypertension, bleeding disorders, systemic and ocular malignancies, and drug side effects, is warranted.Keywords: subconjunctival hemorrhage, contact lens, hypertension, red eye

  20. Arteria poplitea afklemningssyndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyndrup, Peter; Meyer, Joan N; Schroeder, T V

    1994-01-01

    Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) should be suspected in young persons without predisposing factors to arteriosclerosis, who present with unilateral claudication in the calf and foot. This entity results from a developmental abnormal relation between the popliteal artery and the medial...... head of the gastrocnemius muscle. PAES is mostly found in young sportsmen or young soldiers with well-developed muscles. The onset of the symptoms is often sudden, occurring during an episode of intense lower extremity activity. The diagnosis is best established by a thorough clinical examination...

  1. Idiopathic great saphenous phlebosclerosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmadreza Jodati

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Arterial sclerosis has been extensively described but reports on venous sclerosis are very sparse. Phlebosclerosis refers to the thickening and hardening of the venous wall. Despite its morphological similarities with arteriosclerosis and potential morbid consequences, phlebosclerosis has gained only little attention. We report a 72 year old male with paralysis and atrophy of the right leg due to childhood poliomyelitis who was referred for coronary artery bypass surgery. The great saphenous vein, harvested from the left leg, showed a hardened cord-like obliterated vein. Surprisingly, harvested veins from the atrophic limb were normal and successfully used for grafting.

  2. The application of radioimmunoassay for virus and anticancer drugs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent progress in RIA for virus and anticancer drugs was described. DNA and RNA virus and antivirus antibody which could be detected by RIA were mentioned, and then causes of arteriosclerosis, Paget's disease, multiple sclerosis, and diabetus mellitus were analysed virologically. Diagnostic significance of RIA was also described. Application of RIA to the measurement of interferon and carcinogenic virus at substantial level and recent information of viral hepatitis obtained by RIA were stated. Finally, application of RIA to the measurement of anticancer drugs acting on protective mechanism of the living body and measurement range by RIA were stated. (Tsunoda, M.)

  3. Dieta, estilos de vida y factores de riesgo cardiovascular en niños y adolescentes europeos

    OpenAIRE

    Bel Serrat, Silvia; Moreno Aznar, Luis Alberto; Krogh, Vittorio; Mouratidou, Theodora

    2014-01-01

    La infancia y la adolescencia no sólo se caracterizan por ser periodos de crecimiento rápido y maduración, sino también porque se adquiere el comportamiento alimentario para toda la vida. También se ha observado que las primeras manifestaciones de arteriosclerosis se dan de forma temprana durante la infancia y que, además, están relacionadas con la dieta y otros estilos de vida como la actividad física y los comportamientos sedentarios, entre otros factores. Por todo ello, es de gran importan...

  4. Relationship between taurine and cardiovascular system diseases%牛磺酸与心血管系统疾病的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈兴荣; 陈玲; 万顺康; 狄勇

    2002-01-01

    @@ Taurine is a kind of β amino acid containing sulfur, and the free amino acid that content is the highest in cells.Recent researches found that taurine is closely related to cardiovascular system.Some documents reported that taurine has apparent treatment effects on many kinds of cardiovascular diseases such as cardiomuscular necrosis,arrhythmia caused by hypercalcemia or hypocalcemia, cardiomuscular ischmia and reperfusion injury[1].It also can resist hypertension,decrease blood cholesterol,increase high density lipoprotein,prevent arteriosclerosis and decrease blood sugar,which had became the main study domain on physical function of taurine.

  5. Relation of Serum Adiponectin Levels to Number of Traditional Atherosclerotic Risk Factors and All-Cause Mortality and Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (from the Copenhagen City Heart Study)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindberg, Soren; Mogelvang, Rasmus; Pedersen, Sune H;

    2013-01-01

    Adiponectin exerts anti-inflammatory and antiatherogenic effects and appears to protect against arteriosclerosis. Accordingly, an association between low concentrations of plasma adiponectin and cardiovascular (CV) disease has been demonstrated in several studies. In contrast, elevated plasma adi...... nonfatal myocardial infarction or ischemic stroke (n = 502). High adiponectin was inversely associated with an increasing number of traditional CV risk factors (p...... adiponectin has been associated with increased mortality and an increasing number of major adverse CV events (MACE). Because of these conflicting results, the true role of adiponectin remains to be elucidated. In the Copenhagen City Heart Study, we prospectively followed up 5,624 randomly selected men and...

  6. Productos naturales que adelgazan... ¿una buena alternativa?

    OpenAIRE

    Alberto, Cecilia; Mallo, Andrea C.; Nitiu, Daniela S.

    1995-01-01

    La obesidad y otras enfermedades relacionadas como la arteriosclerosis y afecciones cardiovasculares, por una parte y la bulimia y anorexia, por otra, son temas de candente actualidad, tanto desde el punto de vista científico como social. El término adelgazar se define en la bibliografía médica como la pérdida de peso por causas naturales con eliminación, primero de agua y luego de grasa. En el pasado el concepto de salud era sinónimo de gordura; hoy en días se considera la obesidad como una ...

  7. Fatty acids and antioxidants in reindeer and red deer

    OpenAIRE

    Sampels, Sabine

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this thesis was to investigate importance of dietary fatty acids (FA) and animal age and sex on FA metabolism. In addition relation between FA and antioxidants on the consequent nutritional and technological quality of reindeer and red deer meat were addressed. A diet rich in polyunsaturated FA (PUFA) especially long chained n-3 FA (≥C20) has beneficial effects on human health, e.g. in prevention of arteriosclerosis. Game meat is a potential food source that is both lean and rich i...

  8. Biomarcadores de la inflamación en la diabetes mellitus tipo 2: Efecto del control glucémico y del fenotipo de las LDL

    OpenAIRE

    Vinagre Torres, Irene

    2015-01-01

    Las enfermedades cardiovasculares constituyen las complicaciones más prevalentes en los pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) y son las que se asocian con mayor morbi-mortalidad. Los mecanismos responsables del desarrollo acelerado de arteriosclerosis en los pacientes con DM2 no se conocen con precisión, pero tanto la dislipemia aterogénica y la inflamación de bajo grado características de esta población, están implicados. La información sobre la relación del grado de control glucémico...

  9. Enfermedad arterial periférica silente en pacientes ingresados en el servicio de urgencia

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Loría-Castellanos; Angélica Hernández-Cruz

    2011-01-01

    Introducción: La enfermedad arterial periférica (EAP) es un síndrome aterotrombótico que manifiesta la arteriosclerosis sistémica. Su detección en las fases preclínicas (silentes) podría ayudar a detectar a los individuos y poblaciones en riesgo de desarrollar enfermedades aterotrombóticas mayores (cerebrovasculares o coronarias). Material y métodos: Estudio observacional autorizado por el Comité de investigación, en el que a través de un método aleatorio simple se incluyó a pacientes mayores...

  10. Mixed Herbal Medicine Induced Diffuse Infiltrative Lung Disease: The HRCT and Histopathologic Findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the high-resolution CT (HRCT) and pathologic findings of mixed herbal medicine-induced diffuse interstitial lung disease. Eight patients (6 women and 2 men, age range: 31 to 81 years, mean age: 51.4 years) who presented with cough or dyspnea after taking mixed herbal medicine were included in this study. All the patients underwent plain chest radiography and HRCT. We obtained pathologic specimens from 7 patients via fluoroscopy guided large bore cutting needle biopsy and transbronchial lung biopsy. All the patients were treated with steroid therapy. The most common HRCT finding was bilateral diffuse ground glass opacity (n=7), followed by peribronchial consolidation (n=5) and inter- or intralobular septal thickening (n=2). For the disease distribution, the lower lung zone was dominantly involved. The pathologic results of 7 patients were nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (n=3), bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (n=2), hypersensitivity pneumonitis (n=1) and eosinophilic pneumonia (n=1). Irrespective of the pathologic results, all 8 patients improved clinically and radiologically after steroid treatment. The HRCT findings of mixed herbal medicine-induced diffuse infiltrative lung disease were mainly bilateral diffuse ground glass opacity, peribronchial consolidation and dominant involvement of the lower lung zone. Those pathologic findings were nonspecific and the differential diagnosis could include interstitial pneumonia, bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia, hypersensitivity pneumonitis and eosinophilic pneumonia

  11. Mixed Herbal Medicine Induced Diffuse Infiltrative Lung Disease: The HRCT and Histopathologic Findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Tae Gyu; Shin, Eun A [Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Joung Sook [Mokdong Hospital, Ewha Womans University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-12-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the high-resolution CT (HRCT) and pathologic findings of mixed herbal medicine-induced diffuse interstitial lung disease. Eight patients (6 women and 2 men, age range: 31 to 81 years, mean age: 51.4 years) who presented with cough or dyspnea after taking mixed herbal medicine were included in this study. All the patients underwent plain chest radiography and HRCT. We obtained pathologic specimens from 7 patients via fluoroscopy guided large bore cutting needle biopsy and transbronchial lung biopsy. All the patients were treated with steroid therapy. The most common HRCT finding was bilateral diffuse ground glass opacity (n=7), followed by peribronchial consolidation (n=5) and inter- or intralobular septal thickening (n=2). For the disease distribution, the lower lung zone was dominantly involved. The pathologic results of 7 patients were nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (n=3), bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (n=2), hypersensitivity pneumonitis (n=1) and eosinophilic pneumonia (n=1). Irrespective of the pathologic results, all 8 patients improved clinically and radiologically after steroid treatment. The HRCT findings of mixed herbal medicine-induced diffuse infiltrative lung disease were mainly bilateral diffuse ground glass opacity, peribronchial consolidation and dominant involvement of the lower lung zone. Those pathologic findings were nonspecific and the differential diagnosis could include interstitial pneumonia, bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia, hypersensitivity pneumonitis and eosinophilic pneumonia

  12. Pediatric Interstitial Lung Disease Masquerading as Difficult Asthma: Management Dilemmas for Rare Lung Disease in Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EY Chan

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Idiopathic nontransplant-related childhood bronchiolitis obliterans is an uncommon disease. Most patients present with chronic recurrent dyspnea, cough and wheezing, which are also features of asthma, by far a much more common condition. The present case study reports on a six-year-old girl who presented to a tertiary care centre with recurrent episodes of respiratory distress on a background of baseline tachypnea, chronic hypoxemia and exertional dyspnea. Her past medical history revealed significant lung disease in infancy, including respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis and repaired gastroesophageal reflux. She was treated for 'asthma exacerbations' throughout her early childhood years. Bronchiolitis obliterans was subsequently diagnosed with an open lung biopsy. She did not have sustained improvement with systemic corticosteroids, hydroxychloroquine or clarithromycin. Cardiac catheterization confirmed the presence of secondary pulmonary hypertension. Treatment options remain a dilemma for this patient because there is no known effective treatment for this condition, and the natural history is not well understood. The present case demonstrates the need for careful workup in 'atypical asthma', and the urgent need for further research into the rare lung diseases of childhood.

  13. Risk factors for peripheral arterial disease in the tropics and its comparison with the western population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Myla Yacob; Edwin Stephen; Nupur Bit; Mazda Turel; David Sadhu; Sunil Agarwal

    2010-01-01

    Objective:To identify and compare the existence of similar and other risk factors in the perspective of an Indian population. Methods:It was designed as a case control study and was conducted in the Department of General and Vascular Surgery Unit 2 of Christian Medical College, Vellore, India between the periods July 2003 to June 2005. 100 patients with an ABPI<0.9 and 100 controls were studied. Results:Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) was found to be commoner among males (87%). While atherosclerosis was the commonest aetiology (54%), the incidence of Thromboangiitis Obliterans was also not uncommon (38%). Smoking was the main risk factor in the Indian context (83%) as compared to hypercholesterolemia (60%) in the West. The patients with atherosclerotic PAD were middle-aged and had concomitant diabetes (50%) and hypertension (30%). Conclusions:Peripheral arterial disease occurs in a relatively younger age group in India as compared to their Western counterparts. Thromboangiitis Obliterans was found to be a significant aetiology for arterial occlusive disease, with smoking as the primary risk factor followed by diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia.

  14. Spontaneous thoracic air-leakage syndrome in patients following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: Causes, CT-follow up and patient outcome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: The purpose of this article is to describe and illustrate the acute and follow-up imaging features, clinical constellation and outcome of patients with thoracic air-leakage syndrome following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT). Methods: Patients with evidence of thoracic air-leakage, i.e. spontaneous pneumomediastinum, spontaneous pneumothorax or interstitial emphysema after allo-HCT were retrospectively identified by a chart review. Acute and follow-up morphology, duration and patient outcome were analyzed on CT (HRCT or MSCT with HR-reconstructions). Correlation was made with histological results of transbronchial biopsy. Results: The 6 patients included (3 male and 3 female, 14-64 years old) with thoracic air-leakage after allo-HCT all had histologically proven bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) or bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP). Thoracic air-leakage consisted of spontaneous pneumomediastinum associated with active invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) in 4/6 and spontaneous pneumothorax or interstitial emphysema each in 1/6 patients. Duration of thoracic air-leakage was 7-135 days. Of the patients with spontaneous pneumomediastinum, 3/4 died of IPA. One patient survived until complete regression of spontaneous pneumomediastinum. One patient died 7 days after spontaneous pneumothorax and one survived developing chronic interstitial emphysema. Conclusion: In all cases, thoracic air-leakage was associated to BO or BOOP. In the majority of cases with additional IPA, thoracic air-leakage is more indicative for severity of pulmonary disease than a life-threatening entity itself

  15. Spontaneous thoracic air-leakage syndrome in patients following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: Causes, CT-follow up and patient outcome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogel, Monika [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Eberhard-Karls-University, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany)]. E-mail: monika.vogel@med.uni-tuebingen.de; Brodoefel, Harald [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Eberhard-Karls-University, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Bethge, Wolfgang [Department of Internal Medicine-Oncology, Eberhard-Karls-University, Ottfried-Mueller-Str. 5, 72070 Tuebingen (Germany); Faul, Christoph [Department of Internal Medicine-Oncology, Eberhard-Karls-University, Ottfried-Mueller-Str. 5, 72070 Tuebingen (Germany); Hartmann, Joerg [Department of Internal Medicine-Oncology, Eberhard-Karls-University, Ottfried-Mueller-Str. 5, 72070 Tuebingen (Germany); Schimmel, Heiko [Department of Pathology, Eberhard-Karls-University, Liebermeisterstrasse 8, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Wehrmann, Manfred [Department of Pathology, Eberhard-Karls-University, Liebermeisterstrasse 8, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Claussen, Claus D. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Eberhard-Karls-University, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Horger, Marius [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Eberhard-Karls-University, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany)

    2006-12-15

    Objective: The purpose of this article is to describe and illustrate the acute and follow-up imaging features, clinical constellation and outcome of patients with thoracic air-leakage syndrome following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT). Methods: Patients with evidence of thoracic air-leakage, i.e. spontaneous pneumomediastinum, spontaneous pneumothorax or interstitial emphysema after allo-HCT were retrospectively identified by a chart review. Acute and follow-up morphology, duration and patient outcome were analyzed on CT (HRCT or MSCT with HR-reconstructions). Correlation was made with histological results of transbronchial biopsy. Results: The 6 patients included (3 male and 3 female, 14-64 years old) with thoracic air-leakage after allo-HCT all had histologically proven bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) or bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP). Thoracic air-leakage consisted of spontaneous pneumomediastinum associated with active invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) in 4/6 and spontaneous pneumothorax or interstitial emphysema each in 1/6 patients. Duration of thoracic air-leakage was 7-135 days. Of the patients with spontaneous pneumomediastinum, 3/4 died of IPA. One patient survived until complete regression of spontaneous pneumomediastinum. One patient died 7 days after spontaneous pneumothorax and one survived developing chronic interstitial emphysema. Conclusion: In all cases, thoracic air-leakage was associated to BO or BOOP. In the majority of cases with additional IPA, thoracic air-leakage is more indicative for severity of pulmonary disease than a life-threatening entity itself.

  16. Treatment of Cytomegalovirus Infection with Cidofovir and CMV Immune Globulin in a Lung Transplant Recipient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heinrike Wilkens

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Cytomegalovirus (CMV infection after lung transplantation is associated with increased risk for pneumonitis and bronchiolitis obliterans as well as allograft rejection and opportunistic infections. Ganciclovir is the mainstay of prophylaxis and treatment but CMV infections can be unresponsive. Apart from direct antiviral drugs, CMV immunoglobulin (CMVIG preparations may be considered but are only licensed for prophylaxis. A CMV-seronegative 42-year-old man with cystic fibrosis received a lung from a CMV-seropositive donor. Intravenous ganciclovir prophylaxis was delayed until day 12 due to acute postoperative renal failure and was accompanied by five doses of CMVIG (10 g. By day 16, CMV-DNA was detectable and rising; CMV-specific T-cells were undetectable. Switch from ganciclovir to foscarnet prompted a transient decrease in CMV viral load, but after increasing again to reach 3600 copies/mL foscarnet was changed to intravenous cidofovir and CMVIG was restarted. CMV load continued to fluctuate and declined slowly, whereas CMV-specific T-cells were detected five months later and increased thereafter. At last follow-up, the patient was in very good clinical condition with no evidence of bronchiolitis obliterans. No side effects of this treatment were observed. In this hard-to-treat case, the combination of cidofovir with off-label use of CMVIG contributed to a successful outcome.

  17. Radiotherapy-induced aortic valve disease associated with porcelain aorta

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mediastinal irradiation has been reported to induce cardiac disease such as pericarditis, valvular dysfunction, conduction abnormalities, accelerated arteriosclerosis of the coronary arteries, and also calcifications of the ascending aorta. We herein describe a case of radiotherapy-induced porcelain aorta and aortic valve disease and their surgical treatment. The patient was diagnosed with myasthenia gravis (MG) in 1965 (Osserman's type II), and mediastinal irradiation was performed in 1970 for treatment of thymic tumor associated with MG. Thirty years after radiation therapy, complete atrioventricular block and aortic valve disease with severe calcification of the ascending aorta and aortic arch (porcelain aorta) were detected on echo cardiogram and cardiac catheterization. A permanent pacemaker was implanted via the left subclavian vein and aortic valve replacement was performed under extracorporeal circulation established by selective cerebral perfusion and balloon occlusion instead of aortic cross-clamping. As no risk factors of arteriosclerosis such as hypercholesterolemia, hyperglycemia and hypertension were apparent, we concluded that the aortic valve disease and porcelain aorta were primarily induced by radiotherapy. (author)

  18. 不同年龄女性超重和肥胖与动脉僵硬度的相关性研究%Association of overweight/obesity with arterial stiffness in females

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆昀; 沈振海; 李红卫; 李凤; 恽景廷

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the association of body weight with brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) in females.Methods A total of 2 921 residents (≥20 years old) were selected by the stratified cluster random sampling method from March to December 2011.Arterial stiffness was assessed by baPWV.Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the effect of body mass index (BMI) on arteriosclerosis.The predictive value of BMI to evaluate arteriosclerosis was analyzed by using receiver operation characteristic (ROC) curve.Results The prevalence of arteriosclerosis was significantly increased in overweight/obese residents (P<0.01).BMI was positively correlated with baPWV (r=0.310,P<0.01).The prevalence of increased arterial stiffness in individuals≥65 years older was higher than that in people of 20-40 or 41-64 years old (x2 values were 677.30 and 347.26,respectively; both P<0.01).For females of 20-40 or 41-46 years old,the prevalences of increased arterial stiffness in overweight and obese groups were higher than those in normal body weight group (both P<0.01).In univariate analysis,age,resting heart rate,systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were correlated with arteriosclerosis (all P<0.01).The odds ratio for the prevalence of arteriosclerosis in overweight women was 2.017 (95% confidence interval (CI):1.637-2.486,P<0.01) and that in obese women was 2.759 (95% CI:1.964-3.876,P<0.01) after adjustment for age,resting heart rate and blood pressure.The area under the ROC curve was 0.693 (95% CI:0.671-0.715,P<0.01) to evaluate arteriosclerosis in females and the optimal cut-off point for BMI was 23.42 kg/m2.Conclusions For females,overweight and obesity may be risk factors of arteriosclerosis.The optimal cut-off point for BMI to evaluate arteriosclerosis in women could be 23.42 kg/m2.%目的 探讨女性人群不同体重与臂踝脉搏波速度(baPWV)的关系,评估超重和肥胖女性人群的

  19. Juvenile elastic arteries after 28 years of renal replacement therapy in a patient with complete complement C4 deficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Knoll Florian

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Complement activation products are present in atherosclerotic plaques. Recently, binding of complement to elastin and collagen in the aortic wall has been demonstrated, suggesting a role of complement in the development aortic stiffness and atherosclerosis. The definitive role of complement in atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis, however, remains unclear. Case presentation We here describe a patient with hereditary complete deficiency of complement C4 suffering from Henoch-Schoenlein purpura and on renal replacement therapy for twenty-eight years. The patient had the full range of risk factors for vascular damage such as hypertension, volume overload, hyperphosphatemia and hyperparathyroidism. Despite that, his carotid artery intima media thickness was below the normal range and his pulse wave velocity was normal. In contrast, the patient’s coronary and peripheral muscular arteries were heavily calcified. Conclusion This case supports the hypothesis that complement plays an important role in the development of stiffness of elastic arteries. We speculate that inability to activate complement by the classical or lectin pathways protected the patient from atherosclerosis, arteriosclerosis, stiffening and calcification of the aorta and carotid arteries. Inhibition of complement activation may be a potential target for prophylactic and therapeutic interventions.

  20. Plaque of atherosclerosis in aorta: review on atherogenesis, formation of plaque, clinical significance, methods of imaging and treatment; Placa de aterosclerose em aorta: revisao sobre aterogenese, formacao de placa, significado clinco, metodos de imagens e tratamento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Furtado, Rogerio Gomes; Nunes, Colandy G. de Oliveira; Rassi Junior, Luis; Melato, Luciano Henrique; Turco, Fabio de Paula; Borges, Moises Marcos, E-mail: rogerinhofurtado@gmail.com [Centro de Diagnostico por Imagem (CDI), Goiania, GO (Brazil); Sara, Leonardo [Instituto do Coracao (InCor/FM/USP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2009-04-15

    There is a certain consensus in the literature that the earliest stage of atherogenesis is characterized by the accumulation of spongy cells in the region of the intimal artery. Risk factors such as arterial hypertension, smoking, diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, male gender and advanced age predispose a person to the formation of plaques in the coronaries and aorta. A greater number of acute coronary events as well as strokes have been observed in people with these risk factors. Strokes are the third cause of death in the USA, with about 40% of the cases being of cryptogenic origin. Since 1989 the atheroma plaques which develop in the thoracic aorta have been considered to be responsible for cerebral and peripheral strokes which were previously considered cryptogenic because imaging techniques such as electrocardiogram transesophageal, computerized tomogram, nuclear magnetic angio-resonance have visualized and characterized the lesions with plaques of arteriosclerosis in the thoracic aorta. The authors of this article made a systematic review in the PUBMED about arteriosclerosis in the aorta and its diagnostic methods. This review includes the physiopathology of the formation of atheroma to the aorta and its consequences, diagnostic methods such as echo transesophageal, computerized tomogram and angio resonance, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of each method of identification of the lesions. An analysis of the clinical significance of the size, form and location of the atheroma plaques in the thoracic aorta were made based on clinical studies, as well as their treatment with anticoagulants, antiplatelet and drugs to reduce cholesterol. (author)

  1. Plaque of atherosclerosis in aorta: review on atherogenesis, formation of plaque, clinical significance, methods of imaging and treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There is a certain consensus in the literature that the earliest stage of atherogenesis is characterized by the accumulation of spongy cells in the region of the intimal artery. Risk factors such as arterial hypertension, smoking, diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, male gender and advanced age predispose a person to the formation of plaques in the coronaries and aorta. A greater number of acute coronary events as well as strokes have been observed in people with these risk factors. Strokes are the third cause of death in the USA, with about 40% of the cases being of cryptogenic origin. Since 1989 the atheroma plaques which develop in the thoracic aorta have been considered to be responsible for cerebral and peripheral strokes which were previously considered cryptogenic because imaging techniques such as electrocardiogram transesophageal, computerized tomogram, nuclear magnetic angio-resonance have visualized and characterized the lesions with plaques of arteriosclerosis in the thoracic aorta. The authors of this article made a systematic review in the PUBMED about arteriosclerosis in the aorta and its diagnostic methods. This review includes the physiopathology of the formation of atheroma to the aorta and its consequences, diagnostic methods such as echo transesophageal, computerized tomogram and angio resonance, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of each method of identification of the lesions. An analysis of the clinical significance of the size, form and location of the atheroma plaques in the thoracic aorta were made based on clinical studies, as well as their treatment with anticoagulants, antiplatelet and drugs to reduce cholesterol. (author)

  2. Effect of AST-120 on Endothelial Dysfunction in Adenine-Induced Uremic Rats

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    Yuko Inami

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. Chronic kidney disease (CKD represents endothelial dysfunction. Monocyte adhesion is recognized as the initial step of arteriosclerosis. Indoxyl sulfate (IS is considered to be a risk factor for arteriosclerosis in CKD. Oral adsorbent AST-120 retards deterioration of renal function, reducing accumulation of IS. In the present study, we determined the monocyte adhesion in the adenine-induced uremic rats in vivo and effects of AST-120 on the adhesion molecules. Methods. Twenty-four rats were divided into control, control+AST-120, adenine, and adenine+AST-120 groups. The number of monocytes adherent to the endothelium of thoracic aorta by imaging the entire endothelial surface and the mRNA expressions of adhesion and atherosclerosis-related molecules were examined on day 49. The mRNA expressions of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells were also examined. Results. Adenine increased the number of adherent monocytes, and AST-120 suppressed the increase. The monocyte adhesion was related to serum creatinine and IS in sera. Overexpression of VCAM-1 and TGF-β1 mRNA in the arterial walls was observed in uremic rats. IS induced increase of the ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 mRNA expressions in vitro. Conclusion. It appears that uremic condition introduces the monocyte adhesion to arterial wall and AST-120 might inhibit increasing of the monocyte adherence with CKD progression.

  3. A novel photoplethysmography technique to derive normalized arterial stiffness as a blood pressure independent measure in the finger vascular bed

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stiffening of the small artery may be the earliest sign of arteriosclerosis. However, there is no adequate method for directly assessing small arterial stiffness. In this study, the finger arterial elasticity index (FEI) was defined as the parameter n which denotes the curvilinearity of an exponential model of pressure (P)–volume (Va) relationship (Va = a − b exp (−nP)). For the original estimation, the FEI was calculated from a compliance index from the finger photoplethysmogram whilst occluding the finger. A simple estimation of the FEI was devised by utilizing normalized pulse volume instead of the compliance index. Both estimations yielded close agreement with the exponential model in healthy young participants (study 1: n = 19). Since the FEI was dependent on finger mean blood pressure, normalized finger arterial stiffness index (FSI) was defined as standardized residual from their relationship: mean and standard deviation (SD) of the FSI were 50 ± 10 (study 2: n = 174). The mean coefficient of variation of the FSI for four measurements was 5.72% (study 3: n = 6). The mean and SD of the FSI in seven arteriosclerotic patients were 100.0 ± 13.5. In conclusion, the FEI and FSI by simple estimation are valid and useful for arteriosclerosis research

  4. Histopathological analysis of pre-implantation donor kidney biopsies: association with graft survival and function in one year post-transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karla Lais Pêgas

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Pre-implantation kidney biopsy is a decision-making tool when considering the use of grafts from deceased donors with expanded criteria, implanting one or two kidneys and comparing this to post-transplantation biopsies. The role of histopathological alterations in kidney compartments as a prognostic factor in graft survival and function has had conflicting results. Objective: This study evaluated the prevalence of chronic alterations in pre-implant biopsies of kidney grafts and the association of findings with graft function and survival in one year post-transplant. Methods: 110 biopsies were analyzed between 2006 and 2009 at Santa Casa de Porto Alegre, including live donors, ideal deceased donors and those with expanded criteria. The score was computed according to criteria suggested by Remuzzi. The glomerular filtration rate (GFR was calculated using the abbreviated MDRD formula. Results: No statistical difference was found in the survival of donors stratified according to Remuzzi criteria. The GFR was significantly associated with the total scores in the groups with mild and moderate alterations, and in the kidney compartments alone, by univariate analysis. The multivariate model found an association with the presence of arteriosclerosis, glomerulosclerosis, acute rejection and delayed graft function. Conclusion: Pre-transplant chronic kidney alterations did not influence the post-transplantation one-year graft survival, but arteriosclerosis and glomerulosclerosis is predictive of a worse GFR. Delayed graft function and acute rejection are independent prognostic factors.

  5. High-resolution computed tomography findings in pulmonary complications after bone marrow transplantation: iconographic essay; Tomografia computadorizada de alta resolucao nas complicacoes pulmonares pos-transplante de medula ossea: ensaio iconografico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gasparetto, Emerson L.; Ono, Sergio E.; Souza, Carolina A. [Parana Univ., Curitiba, PR (Brazil). Hospital de Clinicas. Servico de Radiologia Medica e Diagnostico por Imagem]. E-mail: gasparetto@hotmail.com; Escuissato, Dante L. [Parana Univ., Curitiba, PR (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina. Disciplina de Radiologia Medica; Rocha, Gabriela de Melo; Inoue, Cezar; Falavigna, Joao M. [Parana Univ., Curitiba, PR (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina; Marchiori, Edson [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina. Dept. de Radiologia; Universidade Federal, Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Curso de Pos-graduacao em Radiologia

    2005-12-01

    Bone marrow transplantation has been the treatment of choice for many hematologic diseases. However, pulmonary complications, which may occur in up to 60% of the patients, are the main cause of treatment failure and may be divided in three phases according to the patient's immunity. In the first phase, up to 30 days after the procedure, there is a predominance of non-infectious complications and fungal pneumonia. Viral infections, mainly by cytomegalovirus, are common in the second phase (up to 100 days after bone marrow transplantation). Finally, in the late phase after bone marrow transplantation, non-infectious complications as bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia and graft-versus-host disease are most commonly seen. The authors present a pictorial essay of the high-resolution computed tomography findings in patients with pulmonary complications after bone marrow transplantation. (author)

  6. Penis cancer: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregorio Sampalmieri

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Penis cancer appears as a small lesion that extends gradually to affect the whole of the glans and the shaft of the penis. Its peak incidence is in men aged 40 to 70 years. The most frequent malignant penis tumour is squamous cell carcinoma, which occurrence is probably favoured by smegma accumulation, HPV16 and 18 infection, smoke, and balanitis xerotica obliterans. Here we discuss the case of a 74-year-old man with sovrapubic pain and swelling. Physical examination reveals swollen glans with purulent secretions and oedema. The final diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma is established by means of RMN and biopsy. Partial penectomy surgery follows. Histopathological examination shows poorly differentiated endophytic infiltrative growth. The tumour infiltrates corpus spongiosum, corpora cavernosa, and urethra. The proximal uretheral stump is free from infiltration (pT3.http://dx.doi.org/10.7175/cmi.v8i2.906 

  7. IgG4-RELATED DISEASE. CLINICAL NOTES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Ivanovich Vasilyev

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available IgG4-related diseases are a new nosological entity that encompasses a few previously known diseases. IgG4-related systemic disease is diagnosed if two or more affected organs are detected. This group of diseases has two similar signs: serological (elevated serum IgG4 subclass concentrations and histological (organ and tissue infiltration from plasmo-cytes secreting IgG4, and eosinophils, and the development of fibrosclerosis and phlebitis obliterans. The paper describes two cases. In one case, a multisystemic disease was observed virtually at its onset whereas in the other this lesion was diagnosed several years after the natural course of the disease.

  8. Antibody-Mediated Lung Transplant Rejection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hachem, Ramsey

    2012-01-01

    Antibody-mediated rejection after lung transplantation remains enigmatic. However, emerging evidence over the past several years suggests that humoral immunity plays an important role in allograft rejection. Indeed, the development of donor-specific antibodies after transplantation has been identified as an independent risk factor for acute cellular rejection and bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome. Furthermore, cases of acute antibody-mediated rejection resulting in severe allograft dysfunction have been reported, and these demonstrate that antibodies can directly injure the allograft. However, the incidence and toll of antibody-mediated rejection are unknown because there is no widely accepted definition and some cases may be unrecognized. Clearly, humoral immunity has become an important area for research and clinical investigation. PMID:23002428

  9. An international ISHLT/ATS/ERS clinical practice guideline:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Keith C; Raghu, Ganesh; Verleden, Geert M;

    2014-01-01

    describe and/or provide recommendations for 1) the definition of BOS, 2) the risk factors for developing BOS, 3) the diagnosis of BOS, and 4) the management and prevention of BOS. A pragmatic evidence synthesis was performed to identify all unique citations related to BOS published from 1980 through to...... March, 2013. The expert committee discussed the available research evidence upon which the updated definition of BOS, identified risk factors and recommendations are based. The committee followed the GRADE (Grading of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation) approach to develop specific......Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) is a major complication of lung transplantation that is associated with poor survival. The International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation, American Thoracic Society, and European Respiratory Society convened a committee of international experts to...

  10. Chronic rejection of a lung transplant is characterized by a profile of specific autoantibodies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hagedorn, Peter; Burton, Christopher Malcolm; Carlsen, Jørn;

    2010-01-01

    SUMMARY: Obliterative bronchiolitis (OB) continues to be the major limitation to long-term survival after lung transplantation. The specific aetiology and pathogenesis of OB are not well understood. To explore the role of autoreactivity in OB, we spotted 751 different self molecules onto glass...... slides, and used these antigen microarrays to profile 48 human serum samples for immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgM autoantibodies; 27 patients showed no or mild bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS; a clinical correlate of OB) and 15 patients showed medium to severe BOS. We now report that these BOS...... independent test patients. Analysis of the functions of the 28 informative self antigens showed that eight of them are connected in an interaction network involved in apoptosis and protein metabolism. Thus, a profile of autoantibodies may reflect pathological processes in the lung allograft, suggesting a role...

  11. Chronic rejection of a lung transplant is characterized by a profile of specific autoantibodies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hagedorn, Peter; Burton, Christopher M.; Carlsen, Jørn;

    2010-01-01

    Obliterative bronchiolitis (OB) continues to be the major limitation to long-term survival after lung transplantation. The specific aetiology and pathogenesis of OB are not well understood. To explore the role of autoreactivity in OB, we spotted 751 different self molecules onto glass slides, and...... used these antigen microarrays to profile 48 human serum samples for immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgM autoantibodies; 27 patients showed no or mild bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS; a clinical correlate of OB) and 15 patients showed medium to severe BOS. We now report that these BOS grades could be....... Analysis of the functions of the 28 informative self antigens showed that eight of them are connected in an interaction network involved in apoptosis and protein metabolism. Thus, a profile of autoantibodies may reflect pathological processes in the lung allograft, suggesting a role for autoimmunity in...

  12. High-resolution computed tomography findings in pulmonary complications after bone marrow transplantation: iconographic essay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bone marrow transplantation has been the treatment of choice for many hematologic diseases. However, pulmonary complications, which may occur in up to 60% of the patients, are the main cause of treatment failure and may be divided in three phases according to the patient's immunity. In the first phase, up to 30 days after the procedure, there is a predominance of non-infectious complications and fungal pneumonia. Viral infections, mainly by cytomegalovirus, are common in the second phase (up to 100 days after bone marrow transplantation). Finally, in the late phase after bone marrow transplantation, non-infectious complications as bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia and graft-versus-host disease are most commonly seen. The authors present a pictorial essay of the high-resolution computed tomography findings in patients with pulmonary complications after bone marrow transplantation. (author)

  13. Hazy increased density in diffuse lung disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to determine the significance of ground glass density on high-resolution CT scans of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and other lung disorders, the authors have reviewed 200 high-resolution CT studies and found 50 cases demonstrating areas of hazy increased lung density. Disease entities most often associated with this finding included DIP, UIP, alveolar proteinosis, sarcoidosis, and bronchiolitis obliterans/ organizing pneumonia. Pathologic examination revealed either cellular or fluid material lining terminal air spaces, often associated with alveolar wall infiltration and an absence of fibrosis. Gallium scans and bronchoalveolar lavage in some cases showed active inflammation Follow-up high-resolution CT studies in 10 patients showed either change or resolution of the hazy densities, confirming the presence of a reversible parenchymal lesion

  14. A call to arms: a critical need for interventions to limit pulmonary toxicity in the stem cell transplantation patient population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radhakrishnan, Sabarinath Venniyil; Hildebrandt, Gerhard C

    2015-03-01

    Noninfectious pulmonary toxicity after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) causes significant morbidity and mortality. Main presentations are idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (IPS) in the acute setting and bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) and cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) at later time point. While COP responds well to corticosteroids, IPS and BOS often are treatment refractory. IPS, in most cases, is rapidly fatal, whereas BOS progresses over time, resulting in chronic respiratory failure, impaired quality of life, and eventually, death. Standard second-line treatments are currently lacking, and current approaches, such as augmented T cell-directed immunosuppression, B cell depletion, TNF blockade, extracorporeal photopheresis, and tyroskine kinase inhibitor therapy, are unsatisfactory with responses in only a subset of patients. Better understanding of underlying pathophysiology hopefully results in the identification of future targets for preventive and therapeutic strategies along with an emphasis on currently underutilized rehabilitative and supportive measures. PMID:25662904

  15. Computed tomography findings of postoperative complications in lung transplantation; Achados tomograficos nas complicacoes pos-operatorias do transplante pulmonar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hochhegger, Bruno; Irion, Klaus Loureiro; Marchiori, Edson; Bello, Rodrigo; Moreira, Jose; Camargo, Jose Jesus [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil). Postgraduate Program in Respiratory Sciences; Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Postgraduate Program in Radiological Sciences], e-mail: brunorgs@mail.ufsm.br

    2009-03-15

    Due to the increasing number and improved survival of lung transplant recipients, radiologists should be aware of the imaging features of the postoperative complications that can occur in such patients. The early treatment of complications is important for the long-term survival of lung transplant recipients. Frequently, HRCT plays a central role in the investigation of such complications. Early recognition of the signs of complications allows treatment to be initiated earlier, which improves survival. The aim of this pictorial review was to demonstrate the CT scan appearance of pulmonary complications such as reperfusion edema, acute rejection, infection, pulmonary thromboembolism, chronic rejection, bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, post transplant lymphoproliferative disorder, bronchial dehiscence and bronchial stenosis. (author)

  16. Computed tomography findings of postoperative complications in lung transplantation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Due to the increasing number and improved survival of lung transplant recipients, radiologists should be aware of the imaging features of the postoperative complications that can occur in such patients. The early treatment of complications is important for the long-term survival of lung transplant recipients. Frequently, HRCT plays a central role in the investigation of such complications. Early recognition of the signs of complications allows treatment to be initiated earlier, which improves survival. The aim of this pictorial review was to demonstrate the CT scan appearance of pulmonary complications such as reperfusion edema, acute rejection, infection, pulmonary thromboembolism, chronic rejection, bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, post transplant lymphoproliferative disorder, bronchial dehiscence and bronchial stenosis. (author)

  17. Cryptogenic Organising Pneumonia As The Initial Presenting Manifestation of SLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neena Mampilly

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Cryptogenic Organising Pneumonia (COP, also called idiopathic Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organising Pneumonia( BOOP, is a distinct entity among the idiopathic interstitial pneumonias defined histopathologically by intraalveolar buds of granulation tissue. The etiology includes idiopathic, infectious, drug induced radiation induced and connective tissue diseases. Organising pneumonia occurs particularly in patients with dermatomyositis-polymyositis where it may be the presenting manifestation, and rarely in SLE, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma and other connective tissue diseases. We describe a 30 yr old lady who initially presented with respiratory symptoms, not responding to antibiotics. She was subsequently diagnosed as SLE and HRCT thorax showed consolidation involving both lung fields. A percutaneous lung biopsy revealed features of Cryptogenic Organising Pneumonia.

  18. Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia after radiotherapy for breast cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fumagalli Giorgio

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract We report a case of fever, dyspnea, respiratory failure and migratory, recurrent and bilateral lung opacities 4 months after radiotherapy and hormone therapy following surgery for breast cancer. Computerized tomography (CT scans showed infiltrates outside the radiation fields. Bronchoalveolar lavage revealed lymphocytic alveolitis, whereas laboratory analysis demonstrated a mild systemic inflammation. Systemic steroids resulted in clinical and radiological improvement, but a disease relapse was evident at withdrawal of therapy, with definitive clinical and radiological normalization after a second cycle of therapy. This is a case of cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP (previously known as bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia primed by radiotherapy, as in previously reported cases. It is extremely important to be aware of the possibility of this complication, in order to optimize radiation and hormone treatment of breast cancer.

  19. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis 10 years post bone marrow transplantation: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rashid Rifat

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in bone marrow transplant recipients. Establishing the diagnosis remains a challenge for clinicians working in acute care setting. However, prompt diagnosis and treatment can lead to favourable outcomes Case presentation We report a case of invasive aspergillosis occurring in a 39-year-old Caucasian female 10 years after an allogeneic haematopoietic bone marrow transplant, and 5 years after stopping all immunosuppression. Possible risk factors include bronchiolitis obliterans and exposure to building dust (for example, handling her husband's dusty overalls. There are no similar case reports in the literature at this time. Conclusion High clinical suspicion, especially in the setting of failure to respond to broad-spectrum antibiotics, should alert clinicians to the possibility of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, which, in this case, responded to antifungal therapy.

  20. Advantages and drawbacks of long-term macrolide use in the treatment of non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Li-Chao

    2014-01-01

    Non-cystic fibrosis (non-CF) bronchiectasis is a respiratory disease characterized by persistent airway inflammation and dilation of bronchial wall driven by various causes. Patients with bronchiectasis suffer from excessive sputum production, recurrent exacerbations, and progressive airway destruction. Major therapy for bronchiectasis is focused on breaking the “vicious cycle” of mucus stasis, infection, inflammation, and airway destruction. Growing evidences have been shown that macrolides possess immunoregulatory and anti-inflammatory functions beyond their antimicrobial effects. Macrolide antibiotics have been effectively used in the treatment of diffuse panbronchiolitis, CF and bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome. Currently a number of clinical trials were performed to assess macrolide treatment in the management of non-CF bronchiectasis. The purpose of this paper is to review the efficacy and potential risks of these recent studies on the use of macrolides in non-CF bronchiectasis. PMID:25093082

  1. Management of Vesicoureteral Reflux by Endoscopic Injection of Dextranomer/Hyaluronic Acid in Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stark, Timothy W; Lacy, John M; Preston, David M

    2016-01-01

    A 74-year-old man presented for evaluation after discovery of a left bladder-wall tumor. He underwent transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) operation for treatment of low-grade, Ta urothelial cancer of the bladder. The patient developed recurrent disease and returned to the operating room for repeat TURBT, circumcision, and administration of intravesical mitomycin C. The patient developed balanitis xerotica obliterans 4 years post-circumcision, requiring self-dilation with a catheter. He subsequently developed 3 consecutive episodes of left-sided pyelonephritis. Further investigation with voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) revealed Grade 3, left-sided vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Due to existing comorbidities, the patient elected treatment with endoscopic dextranomer/hyaluronic acid injection. A post-operative VCUG demonstrated complete resolution of left-sided VUR. This patient has remained symptom free for 8 months post-injection, with no episodes of pyelonephritis. PMID:27162514

  2. The role of two-stage repair in modern hypospadiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bracka, Aivar

    2008-04-01

    Hypospadias surgery continues to evolve. The enthusiasm for flap-based urethroplasty is waning and instead there is an increasing preference for urethroplasty that uses either the urethral plate alone or in combination with grafts. From the vast armamentarium of hypospadias repairs that are still in use, the author suggests a simple protocol of just three closely related procedures with which we can now repair almost all hypospadias. The tubularised incised plate (TIP) repair and the 'Snodgraft' modification of the TIP principle are simple and effective one-stage solutions when partial circumference urethroplasty is required. Conversely, the Bracka two-stage graft repair remains an ideal and versatile solution when a full circumference urethroplasty is required. It is particularly appropriate for severe primary hypospadias associated with a poor plate and marked chordee and also to replace a scarred, hairy or balanitis xerotica obliterans diseased urethra in re-operative salvage hypospadias. PMID:19468400

  3. Is preputioplasty effective and acceptable?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barber, N J; Chappell, B; Carter, P G; Britton, J P

    2003-09-01

    Foreskin complaints in childhood, if not manageable conservatively, are usually treated by circumcision. A less radical surgical option, when balanitis xerotica obliterans is absent, is preputioplasty. We sent questionnaires to the parents of 23 boys who had had this procedure and 22 replied. Mean interval since operation was 20 months (range 3-36). The main indications for surgery had been irretractable foreskin in 9, recurrent balanoposthitis in 10 and ballooning on voiding in 3 and the operation had dealt successfully with these in 7, 7, and 3, respectively. In all but one case the parents were satisfied with the cosmetic result. However, in 8 cases (36%) the parents said they would have preferred circumcision and 3 of the boys had been listed for further surgery. Preputioplasty is a satisfactory alternative to circumcision in selected cases. PMID:12949202

  4. Muscular, myocutaneous, and fasciocutaneous flaps in complex urethral reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zinman, Leonard

    2002-05-01

    The ability to achieve a long-term, stable, stricture-free, hairless urethral lumen in patients with complex anterior stricture and compromised genital skin is one of the ongoing challenges of reconstructive urologic surgery. The conservative approach by endoscopic urethrotomy or dilatation with a self-catheterization schedule rarely affects a definitive cure except in the short filmy superficial strictures of the bulbous portion of the urethra. Genital fasciocutaneous island flaps are currently the golden standard for definitive, reliable resolution of anterior urethral strictures in patients who have not undergone a prior surgical procedure that may alter the penile or scrotal circulation, or those with skin loss from trauma, decubiti, radiation, or balanitis xerotica obliterans. PMID:12371235

  5. Beyond pneumonoconiosis: Recently described occupational interstitial lung diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evangelia Nena

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available SUMMARY. Recent technological innovations have resulted in the introduction of new substances in different manufacturing procedures. Unfortunately, lack of knowledge of the adverse effects of some novel substances has led to the development of interstitial lung disease (ILD among exposed workers. Exposure to diacetyl can cause bronchiolitis obliterans (“popcorn lung”, while exposure to nylon flock, Acramin-FWN, indium-tin oxide, biomass fuels or nanoparticles is associated with ILD. In addition, hypersensitivity pneumonitis can occur after exposure to additives in animal feed. Finally, new applications of substances already known to be hazardous can result in the occurrence of ILD in exposed workers. Pneumon 2010, 23(3:293-300.

  6. 高龄老年人脉压差、血脂、血糖关系分析%Analysis of the Correlation between Pulse Pressure,Blood Lipid,Blood Sugar in the Elderly People

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁翊; 刘芳

    2013-01-01

    Objective:Removed the age factor, to probe into the correlation between blood pressure,blood lipid,blood sugar and arteriosclerosis in the elderly people. Methods:Analyzed the correlation between Pulse Pressure,Mean Arterial blood pressure and Diabetes mellitus,Hypertension in 279 examination of the elderly. analyzed the changes of blood glucose,blood lipid at the different levels of Pulse Pressure. In order to know the correlation between Pulse Pressure,Mean Arterial blood pressure and blood glucose,blood lipid, blood pressure. Results:There was a correlation between arteriosclerosis and arterial compliance in the elderly people and hyperglycemia,the disorder of lipid metabolism and high systolic blood pressure. Conclusions:Strengthened the blood glucose management and the treatment of dyslipidemia in patients with diabetes mellitus, strengthened the control of blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension, these measures had a positive effect on prevention and treatment of senile arteriosclerosis.%目的:探讨老年动脉硬化除去年龄因素以外与血压、血糖、血脂的关系。方法:体检的老年人279例,分析脉压、平均动脉压与糖尿病、高血压病的关系及不同脉压水平下血糖、血脂的变化,进一步了解脉压、平均动脉压与血糖、血脂、血压之间的关系。结果:高龄老年人动脉硬化、血管顺应性减低与血糖增高、血脂代谢紊乱、收缩压增高有关。结论:加强糖尿病患者的血糖管理及血脂紊乱的治疗、加强高血压病患者血压控制对老年动脉硬化的防治有积极作用。

  7. Effects of chronic inflammatory reaction status on the development of complications in patients with chronic renal failure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the relationship between changes of serum contents of CRP, IL-6, TNF-α, IL-10 and the development of complications (anemia, malnutrition, atherosclerosis) in patients with chronic renal failure. Methods: Serum IL-6, TNF-α (with RIA) and CRP, IL-10 (with ELISA) levels were determined in 126 patients with chronic renal failure and 36 controls. Blood hemoglobin, albumin, glucose and triglycerides levels were also determined in all these patients. Echocardiography was performed in 95 patients. Results: (1) Serum contents of CRP, IL-6, TNF-α and IL-10 were all significantly higher in the patients than those in the controls (P6mmol/L, n=83) were significantly higher than those in the corresponding patients without anemia, malnutrition and hyperglycemia ( all P 1.71mmol/L, n=68), the levels were lower than those in patients without high TG (P<0.001 for IL-6, P<0.01 for CRP and IL-10). In patients with aortic arteriosclerosis shown on echocardiography (n=37), levels of the markers were higher than those in patients without arteriosclerosis (n=58) (P<0.001 for IL-10, P<0.001 for CRP and IL-6, P<0.05 for TNF-α). Correlation studies showed that levels of all the four markers were negatively correlated with levels of hemoglobin and albumin, TNF-α levels were correlated with levels of glucose and CRP, IL-6, IL-10 levels were negatively correlated with triglyceride levels. (3) Levels of each of the pro-inflammatory markers (CRP, IL-6, TNF-α) were correlated with levels of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 (r=0.463, 0.546 and 0.402 respectively). Conclusion: (1) Serum levels of CRP, IL-6, TNF-α and IL-10 were increased in patients with chronic renal failure. (2) Levels of these markers were correlated in some degree with the development of complications (anemia, malnutrition, arteriosclerosis......) in the patients. (3) Levels of pro-inflammatory markers were correlated with levels of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10. (authors)

  8. Imaging of atherosclerosis with MRI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vascular delineation with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) suffers from severe artifacts caused by the motion of flowing blood. With recent developments these artifacts are reduced significantly. Using special sequences and processing algorithms the resulting images have an angiographic-like character (MR-Angiography, MRA). While MRA-signals derive from moving spins, the vessel wall itself is suppressed like it is in conventional angiography also. Prerequisites for the assessment of the arterial wall are increased spatial resolution and the discrimination of blood signals. This study demonstrates the clinical value of MRA with respect to arteriosclerosis. Moreover, a pilot study to visualize the arterial wall and atheroma is presented. (author). 11 refs.; 3 figs.; 2 tabs

  9. The significance of MR angiography for the diagnosis of carotid stenoses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arteriosclerosis of the supra-aortic vessels is a known risk factor for cerebrovascular disease. Large multicenter studies like NASCET and ECST have proven the protective effects of the surgical treatment of severe (>70%) carotid artery stenoses. The exact detection and grading of stenoses of the carotid arteries is a prerequisite for a successful therapy. Besides the gold-standard examination, digital subtraction angiography (DSA), MR angiography (MRA) is being used increasingly. MRA allows a non-invasive, high-resolution depiction of the supra-aortic vessels without ionizing radiation in only 20 s. This article first illustrates the MRA-techniques, and the indications and limitations of MRA. Next, the diagnostic accuracy of MRA is compared to DSA and ultrasound. The clinical value of MRA for the detection of stenoses of the carotid arteries is discussed on the basis of clinical examples. (orig.)

  10. Prognostic significance of distal blood pressure measurements in patients with severe ischaemia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paaske, William; Tønnesen, K H

    1980-01-01

    The clinical course was followed and the ankle and toe blood pressures were measured with the strain gauge technique on 5 occasions during 2 years in 43 patients with pain at rest and/or ischaemic ulceration due to severe ischaemia of the legs on the basis of occlusive arterial disease. Although...... arteriosclerosis of the legs in non-diabetic patients is generally considered a benign disease from the standpoint of limb survival, the critical level of TPI (systolic toe blood pressure/systolic arm blood pressure) was found to be 0.07 as a TPI below this value was associated with an overall 82% risk of...... amputation. With TPI above 0.07, the chance of successful conservative therapy was about 40%. Diabetics with severe ischaemia must be regarded as a high risk group in respect of amputation (64%) and lethality (64%). A variance analysis was made on the pressure data: In patients with low pressure peripheral...

  11. Paper de la 1,25 dihidroxivitamina D3 extrarenal
    en l'arteriopatia urèmica. Efecte diferencial de l'analeg 19-nor-dihidroxivitamina D2

    OpenAIRE

    Cardús Figueras, Anna

    2007-01-01

    L'arteriosclerosis és un procés caracteritzat per l'engruximent i enduriment dela paret arterial, aquest procés es troba accelerat en pacients amb insuficiència renalcrònica (IRC). A més a més, aquests pacients pateixen una disminució de la síntesisde 1,25-dihidroxivitamina D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) que comporta altres complicacions comel hiperparatïroidisme secundari (HPT2). Per aquesta raó es comú l'ús de 1,25(OH)2D3en el tractament del HPT2. L'efecte de la 1,25(OH)2D3 en la calcificació de les cèl·...

  12. Nanomaterials and nanoparticles : Sources and toxicity

    CERN Document Server

    Buzea, Cristina; Robbie, Kevin

    2008-01-01

    This review is written with the goal of informing public health concerns related to nanoscience, while raising awareness of nanomaterials toxicity among scientists and manufacturers handling them. We show that humans have always been exposed to nanoparticles and dust from natural sources and human activities, the recent development of industry and combustion-based engine transportation profoundly increasing anthropogenic nanoparticulate pollution. The key to understanding the toxicity of nanoparticles is that their minute size, smaller than cells and cellular organelles, allows them to penetrate these basic biological structures, disrupting their normal function. Among diseases associated with nanoparticles are asthma, bronchitis, lung cancer, neurodegenerative diseases (such as Parkinson`s and Alzheimer`s diseases), Crohn`s disease, colon cancer. Nanoparticles that enter the circulatory system are related to occurrence of arteriosclerosis, and blood clots, arrhythmia, heart diseases, and ultimately cardiac d...

  13. Aging and calcium as an environmental factor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujita, T

    1985-12-01

    Calcium deficiency is a constant menace to land-abiding animals, including mammals. Humans enjoying exceptional longevity on earth are especially susceptible to calcium deficiency in old age. Low calcium and vitamin D intake, short solar exposure, decreased intestinal absorption, and falling renal function with insufficient 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D biosynthesis all contribute to calcium deficiency, secondary hyperparathyroidism, bone loss and possibly calcium shift from the bone to soft tissue, and from the extracellular to the intracellular compartment, blunting the sharp concentration gap between these compartments. The consequences of calcium deficiency might thus include not only osteoporosis, but also arteriosclerosis and hypertension due to the increase of calcium in the vascular wall, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and senile dementia due to calcium deposition in the central nervous system, and a decrease in cellular function, because of blunting of the difference in extracellular-intracellular calcium, leading to diabetes mellitus, immune deficiency and others (Fig. 6). PMID:2943880

  14. [Amputation and prosthesis attachment of the lower extremities].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthes, I; Beirau, M; Ekkernkamp, A; Matthes, G

    2015-06-01

    Approximately 61,000 amputations are performed in Germany per year. In most cases the lower limbs are affected. The reasons for amputations are arteriosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, severe infections, tumors and complex trauma to the extremities. A decision must be made concerning whether a salvage procedure or amputation is appropriate, specially after trauma. In cases where the need for amputation is clear, the site of amputation needs to be planned in advance with the aim of creating a stump which allows sufficient prosthetic attachment. Adjuvant pain therapy is mandatory, especially in order to avoid subsequent phantom pain. The type of prosthetic restoration is influenced by the grade of mobility and personal requirements of patients. Moreover, aftercare and adjusted rehabilitation are recommended. PMID:26013390

  15. Regional calcium distribution and ultrasound images of the vessel wall in human carotid arteries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szikszai, Z.; Kertész, Zs.; Uzonyi, I.; Szíki, G. Á.; Magyar, M. T.; Molnár, S.; Ida, Y.; Csiba, L.

    2005-04-01

    Arterial calcification can take place at two sites in the vessel wall: the intima and the media. Intimal calcification occurs exclusively within atherosclerotic plaques, while medial calcification may develop independently. Extensive calcified plaques in the carotid arteries can be easily detected by B-mode ultrasonic imaging. The calcium content might correlate with the ultrasound reflectance of the vessel wall, and could be a surrogate marker for arteriosclerosis. In this study, segments of human carotid arteries collected at autopsy were examined by ultrasonography in vitro and calcium distributional maps of sections from the same segments were determined by particle induced X-ray emission. Our aim was to make a first step towards investigating the relationship between the calcium distributional maps and the respective ultrasound images.

  16. Celiac artery stenosis/occlusion treated by interventional radiology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ikeda, Osamu [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Kumamoto University Graduate School of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1-1-1, Honjo Kumamoto 860-8505 (Japan)], E-mail: osamu-3643ik@do9.enjoy.ne.jp; Tamura, Yoshitaka; Nakasone, Yutaka; Yamashita, Yasuyuki [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Kumamoto University Graduate School of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1-1-1, Honjo Kumamoto 860-8505 (Japan)

    2009-08-15

    Severe stenosis/occlusion of the proximal celiac trunk due to median arcuate ligament compression (MALC), arteriosclerosis, pancreatitis, tumor invasion, and celiac axis agenesis has been reported. However, clinically significant ischemic bowel disease attributable to celiac axis stenosis/occlusion appears to be rare because the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) provides for rich collateral circulation. In patients with celiac axis stenosis/occlusion, the most important and frequently encountered collateral vessels from the SMA are the pancreaticoduodenal arcades. Patients with celiac artery stenosis/occlusion are treated by interventional radiology (IR) via dilation of the pancreaticoduodenal arcade. In patients with dilation of the pancreaticoduodenal arcade on SMA angiograms, IR through this artery may be successful. Here we provide several tips on surmounting these difficulties in IR including transcatheter arterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma, an implantable port system for hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy to treat metastatic liver tumors, coil embolization of pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysms, and arterial stimulation test with venous sampling for insulinomas.

  17. Coronary Artery Disease in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Seropositive Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barakat, Michael G; Arora, Rohit R

    2016-01-01

    The development of efficient combined antiretroviral therapies has lengthened the mean life span of the population affected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transforming this terminal infection to a chronic yet manageable disease. Nonetheless, patients with HIV--treatment naive or not--exhibit larger risks for coronary artery disease than the noninfected population. Moreover, coronary atherosclerosis/arteriosclerosis may be the most prevalent condition in the HIV-infected population that is being accentuated by the effects of viral agents and the antiretroviral drugs, especially protease inhibitors. Nonetheless, generalized metabolic dysfunctions and premature senescence are often attributed to the viremia caused by the HIV infection directly and primarily. Therefore, a multifactorial approach is to be considered when attempting to explain the strong correlation between HIV and coronary artery disease, including co-opportunistic viremias and vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency. PMID:23797758

  18. Evaluation of phenolic compounds in mate (Ilex paraguariensis) processed by gamma radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Furgeri, C.; Nunes, T.C.F.; Fanaro, G.B. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas Nucleares, IPEN-CNEN/SP, Centro de Tecnologia das Radiacoes-Laboratory de Deteccao de Alimentos Irradiados, Av. Professor Lineu Prestes, 2242, Cidade Universitaria, CEP: 05508-900 Sao Paulo (Brazil); Souza, M.F.F.; Bastos, D.H.M. [Faculdade de Saude Publica, FSP/USP, Departamento de Nutricao-Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 715, CEP: 01246-904 Sao Paulo (Brazil); Villavicencio, A.L.C.H. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas Nucleares, IPEN-CNEN/SP, Centro de Tecnologia das Radiacoes-Laboratory de Deteccao de Alimentos Irradiados, Av. Professor Lineu Prestes, 2242, Cidade Universitaria, CEP: 05508-900 Sao Paulo (Brazil)], E-mail: villavic@ipen.br

    2009-07-15

    The radiation food processing has been demonstrating great effectiveness in the attack of pathogenic agents, while little compromising nutritional value and sensorial properties of foods. The mate (Ilex paraguariensis), widely consumed product in South America, generally in the form of infusions with hot or cold water, calls of chimarrao or terere, it is cited in literature as one of the best sources phenolic compounds. The antioxidants action of these constituent has been related to the protection of the organism against the free radicals, generated in alive, currently responsible for the sprouting of some degenerative illness as cancer, arteriosclerosis, rheumatic arthritis and cardiovascular clutters among others. The objective of that work was to evaluate the action of the processing for gamma radiation in phenolic compounds of terere beverage in the doses of 0, 3, 5, 7 and 10 kGy. The observed results do not demonstrate significant alterations in phenolic compounds of terere beverage processed by gamma radiation.

  19. Evaluation of phenolic compounds in mate (Ilex paraguariensis) processed by gamma radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radiation food processing has been demonstrating great effectiveness in the attack of pathogenic agents, while little compromising nutritional value and sensorial properties of foods. The mate (Ilex paraguariensis), widely consumed product in South America, generally in the form of infusions with hot or cold water, calls of chimarrao or terere, it is cited in literature as one of the best sources phenolic compounds. The antioxidants action of these constituent has been related to the protection of the organism against the free radicals, generated in alive, currently responsible for the sprouting of some degenerative illness as cancer, arteriosclerosis, rheumatic arthritis and cardiovascular clutters among others. The objective of that work was to evaluate the action of the processing for gamma radiation in phenolic compounds of terere beverage in the doses of 0, 3, 5, 7 and 10 kGy. The observed results do not demonstrate significant alterations in phenolic compounds of terere beverage processed by gamma radiation.

  20. Homocysteine and the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCully, Kilmer S

    2015-03-01

    The homocysteine theory of arteriosclerosis was discovered by study of arteriosclerotic plaques occurring in homocystinuria, a disease caused by deficiencies of cystathionine synthase, methionine synthase or methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase. According to the homocysteine theory, metabolic and nutritional abnormalities leading to elevation of plasma homocysteine cause atherosclerosis in the general population without these rare enzymatic abnormalities. Through studies of metabolism of homocysteine thiolactone, the anhydride of homocysteine, in cell cultures from homocystinuric children, the pathway for synthesis of sulfate was found to be dependent upon thioretinamide, the amide formed from retinoic acid and homocysteine thiolactone. Two molecules of thioretinamide form the complex thioretinaco with cobalamin, and oxidative phosphorylation is catalyzed by reduction of oxygen, which is bound to thioretinaco ozonide, by electrons from electron transport particles. Atherogenesis is attributed to formation of aggregates of homocysteinylated lipoproteins with microorganisms, which obstruct the vasa vasorum during formation of arterial vulnerable plaques. PMID:25653125

  1. Interventional therapy of huge aneurysm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the methods and the efficacy of interventional therapy for huge aneurysm. Methods: Seven patients with huge aneurysm including 2 with pulmonary aneurysm, 2 with renal aneurysm, 1 with humeral artery aneurysm, 1 with right common iliac artery aneurysm, 1 with right internal iliac artery aneurysm. Among these, 5 were true aneurysm, and 2 were pseudoaneurysms caused by congenital, trauma, arteriosclerosis. Three patients were treated with endovascular covered stent graft and 2 patients with embolization containing metallic coils. Two patients were treated with partial aneurysm and feeding artery trunk embolization with metallic coils. Results: All 7 patients were successful carried out the interventional therapy with successful rate of 100%. Six aneurysms were completely obstructed with disappearance of symptoms and signs. One died of aneurysm rupture. No other complication occurred. Conclusion: Interventional therapy for huge aneurysm is an effective method. (authors)

  2. Non-contact measurement of pulse wave velocity using RGB cameras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakano, Kazuya; Aoki, Yuta; Satoh, Ryota; Hoshi, Akira; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Nishidate, Izumi

    2016-03-01

    Non-contact measurement of pulse wave velocity (PWV) using red, green, and blue (RGB) digital color images is proposed. Generally, PWV is used as the index of arteriosclerosis. In our method, changes in blood volume are calculated based on changes in the color information, and is estimated by combining multiple regression analysis (MRA) with a Monte Carlo simulation (MCS) model of the transit of light in human skin. After two pulse waves of human skins were measured using RGB cameras, and the PWV was calculated from the difference of the pulse transit time and the distance between two measurement points. The measured forehead-finger PWV (ffPWV) was on the order of m/s and became faster as the values of vital signs raised. These results demonstrated the feasibility of this method.

  3. Ischemia-infarction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stroke is a non-specific term indicting an acute neurologic event. While arteriosclerosis is by far the leading cause of stroke, acute neurologic events can also result from hemorrhage secondary to rupture of an aneurysm or bleeding from an AVM. Less common causes of stroke include bleeding into metastatic or primary tumors or, even less commonly, subdural hematomas. Since arteriosclerotic strokes usually involve a known vascular distribution, they are generally distinguishable from strokes due to other causes by either CT or MRI. The use of CT or MRI is indicated in the acute setting since subsequent treatment, such as anticoagulation or surgical decompression, may depend on the findings of hemorrhage and mass effect from the imaging study. Unfortunately, when an arteriosclerotic etiology of stroke has been determined, the degree of abnormality on MRI or CT may not correlate well with the degree of clinical impairment

  4. Arachidonic metabolism and radiation toxicity in cultures of vascular endothelial cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eldor, A.; Vlodavsky, I.; Fuks, Z.; Matzner, Y.; Rubin, D.B. (Hadassah Univ. Hospital, Jerusalem (Israel) Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke' s Medical Center, Chicago, IL (USA))

    1989-06-01

    The authors conclude that the observed changes in eicosanoid production by vascular endothelial cells exposed to ionizing irradiation may be relevant to the pathogenesis of post-radiation injury in small and large blood vessels. Anomalies of PGI{sub 2} production may lead to thrombosis and accelerated arteriosclerosis which are observed in irradiated vessels. The generation of potent cells may greatly facilitate inflammation in irradiated vessels. The model of irradiated cultured endothelial cells may also be useful for the study of various methods and agents aimed at reducing the radiation induced damage to blood vessels. Evaluation of the capacity of cultured endothelial cells to produce eicosanoids may serve as an appropriate index for the metabolic damage induced by radiation. (author).

  5. Nitric oxide prevents alveolar senescence and emphysema in a mouse model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda E Boe

    Full Text Available Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME treatment induces arteriosclerosis and vascular senescence. Here, we report that the systemic inhibition of nitric oxide (NO production by L-NAME causes pulmonary emphysema. L-NAME-treated lungs exhibited both the structural (alveolar tissue destruction and functional (increased compliance and reduced elastance characteristics of emphysema development. Furthermore, we found that L-NAME-induced emphysema could be attenuated through both genetic deficiency and pharmacological inhibition of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1. Because PAI-1 is an important contributor to the development of senescence both in vitro and in vivo, we investigated whether L-NAME-induced senescence led to the observed emphysematous changes. We found that L-NAME treatment was associated with molecular and cellular evidence of premature senescence in mice, and that PAI-1 inhibition attenuated these increases. These findings indicate that NO serves to protect and defend lung tissue from physiological aging.

  6. Water hardness in relation to cadium accumulation and microscopic signs of cardiovascular disease in horses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elinder, C G; Jonsson, L; Sternström, T; Piscator, M; Linnman, L

    1980-01-01

    The hardness of drinking water (i.e., the sum of calcium and magnesium concentrations) has been related to cadmium concentration in kidney cortex and to microscopic signs of arteriosclerosis and focal myocardial fibrosis in 50 Swedish horses slaughtered for meat production. A significant negative correlation was found between water hardness and cadmium concentrations in kidney cortex. This indicates that horses living in soft water areas are more inclined to accumulate cadmium from the general environment. Microscopic changes in the aorta and myocardium were approximately 2 times as frequent in horses that drank soft water compared to horses that drank hard water. The differences were, however, not statistically significant. It is concluded that horses are well suited for studies of the "water factor". PMID:7369796

  7. Mediastinal radiotherapy and ostial lesion of the left main coronary artery; Radioterapia mediastinica e lesao ostial de tronco de coronaria esquerda

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Victor, Edgar Guimaraes; Parente, Giordano Bruno de Oliveira [Pernambuco Univ., Recife, PE (Brazil). Hospital das Clinicas]. E-mail: evictor@truenet.com.br

    2004-03-01

    Ischemic cardiac disease is a rare complication and, only recently recognized, of mediastinal irradiation for neoplasms in this region. A case of a 51 years old woman with angina pectoris, rapidly progressive is related, where the angiographic finding was represented by ostial sub occlusive lesion of the left coronary body. The previous story showed the use of radiotherapy for mediastinal Hodgkin lymphoma treatment, with close relation to right ventricle, removed by surgery and afterwards treated with irradiation and chemotherapy two years ago. The coronary stenosis induction in these patients can be dependent or not of the focal arteriosclerosis and is mediated, mainly, by intimal thickness due to tissular fibrosis without alteration in the medium layer and with inclination for the ostial portions of the main arteries. The recognition of this condition (thorax radiotherapy), as an isolated and independent factor for the coronary disease, should be considered in the acting plan for prevention, detection and previous therapy.

  8. Celiac artery stenosis/occlusion treated by interventional radiology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Severe stenosis/occlusion of the proximal celiac trunk due to median arcuate ligament compression (MALC), arteriosclerosis, pancreatitis, tumor invasion, and celiac axis agenesis has been reported. However, clinically significant ischemic bowel disease attributable to celiac axis stenosis/occlusion appears to be rare because the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) provides for rich collateral circulation. In patients with celiac axis stenosis/occlusion, the most important and frequently encountered collateral vessels from the SMA are the pancreaticoduodenal arcades. Patients with celiac artery stenosis/occlusion are treated by interventional radiology (IR) via dilation of the pancreaticoduodenal arcade. In patients with dilation of the pancreaticoduodenal arcade on SMA angiograms, IR through this artery may be successful. Here we provide several tips on surmounting these difficulties in IR including transcatheter arterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma, an implantable port system for hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy to treat metastatic liver tumors, coil embolization of pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysms, and arterial stimulation test with venous sampling for insulinomas.

  9. Garlic (Allium sativum L.: A review of potential therapeutic applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasan R Bhandari

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Garlic (Allium sativum L. fam. Alliaceae, one of the best-researched herbal remedies, is frequently used as a food and a spice. Garlic contains enzymes (e.g., allinase, sulphur-containing compounds, including alliin, and compounds produced enzymatically from alliin (for example, allicin. Conventionally, it has been used to treat infections, wounds, diarrhoea, rheumatism, heart disease, diabetes and many other disorders. Experimental studies have demonstrated that garlic exhibits antibacterial, antihypertensive, cardioprotective, antilipidaemic, anticarcinogenic, immunostimulant and hypoglycaemic properties. Clinically, garlic has been investigated for a variety of indications, namely, hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, diabetes and for the prevention of arteriosclerosis and cancer. Systematic reviews are available for the possible antilipidaemic, antihypertensive, antithrombotic and chemopreventive effects. Garlic appears to be generally safe although allergic reactions may occur.

  10. Histologic diagnoses of tissues from two nineteenth century Habsburgs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Józsa, László G

    2008-03-01

    This study describes the histological alterations of the internal organs of Prince Joseph Habsburg (1776-1847) and his first wife, Alexandra Pavlovna Romanova (1783-1801). Both corpses were mummified and the internal organs were stored separately in rosemary oil, in metal vessels. Royal Prince Joseph Habsburg died on 13 January 1847. The microscopic study confirms focal subacute glomerulonephritis (type Berg) with IgA precipitate on the glomerular mesangium and Bowmann's capsule. To the best of this author's knowledge, this is the first case in the paleopathological literature in which the subacute IgA glomerulonephritis could be confirmed immunohistochemically. Gout (urate nephropathy), severe arteriosclerosis, prostate adenoma and purulent prostatitis could also be diagnosed. The Prince's first wife, Alexandra Pavlovna Romanova, died in childbirth at age 18 years, along with her newborn daughter. Histological examination of Alexandra's organs revealed severe fibrocaseous and miliary tuberculosis, with dissemination to the lymph nodes, liver and spleen. PMID:18831390

  11. Probabilistic retinal vessel segmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Chang-Hua; Agam, Gady

    2007-03-01

    Optic fundus assessment is widely used for diagnosing vascular and non-vascular pathology. Inspection of the retinal vasculature may reveal hypertension, diabetes, arteriosclerosis, cardiovascular disease and stroke. Due to various imaging conditions retinal images may be degraded. Consequently, the enhancement of such images and vessels in them is an important task with direct clinical applications. We propose a novel technique for vessel enhancement in retinal images that is capable of enhancing vessel junctions in addition to linear vessel segments. This is an extension of vessel filters we have previously developed for vessel enhancement in thoracic CT scans. The proposed approach is based on probabilistic models which can discern vessels and junctions. Evaluation shows the proposed filter is better than several known techniques and is comparable to the state of the art when evaluated on a standard dataset. A ridge-based vessel tracking process is applied on the enhanced image to demonstrate the effectiveness of the enhancement filter.

  12. Left carotid steal. A new observation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shumacker, H B; Isch, J H

    1975-04-01

    A patient had an occlusion of the left subclavian artery just proximal to the takeoff of a previously placed subclavian-carotid graft. This caused reversal of flow in the graft and a symptomatic steal of blood via to the intracranial arteries. An axilloaxillary graft restored forward flow. In a second patient, a steal occurred from the right carotid and vertebral systems into the distal carotid system of the left side that has been isolated by a proximal carotide artery occlusion from arteriosclerosis. A saphenous vein, used as a bypass from the subclavian to the carotid artery, restored normal flow. Thus, the carotide system may be the low-pressure area responsible for the steal, although this is rarer than the subclavian. PMID:1147756

  13. Soporte nutricional en hemodiálisis Nutritional support in haemodialysis

    OpenAIRE

    Ortiz, A.; Riobó, P. (Pilar)

    2004-01-01

    La malnutrición es un problema frecuente y grave en diálisis. La prevalencia de malnutrición se ha estimado entre 30 y 70%¹. Si bien la malnutrición no suele enumerarse entre las causas más frecuentes de mortalidad de estos pacientes, contribuye a la mortalidad cardiovascular, a través del síndrome MIA (Malnutrición, inflamación, arteriosclerosis² y a la gravedad de las infecciones. La causa de la malnutrición en diálisis es, con frecuencia, multifactorial. Se ha criticado el empleo del térmi...

  14. Diabetes mellitus in a black-footed ferret

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, J.W.; Novilla, M.N.

    1977-01-01

    Diabetes mellitus was tentatively diagnosed in a black-footed ferret with polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, dehydration, and weight loss. Laboratory findings (marked hyperglycemia (724 mg/100 ml), glycosuria, and ketonuria) and the subsequent favorable response to insulin therapy confirmed the diagnosis. Although lesions were not observed in the pancreas, gross and histologic findings concomitant with diabetes mellitus included arteriosclerosis, with calcification of the aorta and other major vessels; mild necrotizing hepatitis; and mild proliferative glomerulonephritis. A perineal adenocarcinoma, with metastasis to an internal iliac lymph node, was an incidental finding. Special stains demonstrated adequate numbers of beta cell granules in the islets of Langerhans. Thus, the diabetes was apparently due to a lack of release of the synthesized insulin or to diminished effectiveness of the secreted insulin.

  15. Acute arterial occlusion in the midpiece of femoral artery following total knee arthroplasty: Report of one case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rui He; Liu Yang

    2016-01-01

    Acute arterial occlusion is a rare complication following total knee arthroplasty (TKA).The incidence as reported previously is from 0.03% to 0.17%;however,the sequelae can be disastrous because of its potential threat to limb loss.We report a case of acute arterial occlusion in the midpiece of femoral artery following TKA occurred 40 min postoperatively.The occlusion site existed at the midpiece of femoral artery is uncommon.Arterial circulation of the lower limb could not be restored by the thrombolysis and thrombectomy treatments performed within 11 h after TKA.In the end,amputation had to be carried out.In the treatment of acute arterial occlusion following TKA with a tourniquet,it is important to fully consider that arteriosclerosis may induce atheromatous plaque disruption,which might be the reason for acute arterial occlusion.

  16. Study the active site of flavonoid applying radiation chemistry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Flavonoid are a large and important class of naturally occurring, low molecular weight benzo-γ-pyrone derivatives which are reported to have a myriad of biological activities, but the study on the active sites of flavonoids is still ambiguous. In this paper, rutin, quercetin and baicalin have been selected as model compounds. It is well known that rutin is used in inhibiting arteriosclerosis and baicalin is antibacterial and antiviral. They have similar basic structure, but their medicinal properties are so different, why? As most flavonoids contain carbonyl group, which can capture electron effectively, we predict that flavonoids can capture electron to form radical anion. The formation of anion radical may have influence on the mitochondrial electron transport chain. The difference in the ability of forming anion radical may cause the difference in their medicinal effects. (author)

  17. [The continuum of COPD and cardiovascular risk: A global scenario of disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Názara Otero, Carlos Alberto; Baloira Villar, Adolfo

    2015-01-01

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a serious public health problem in our country. COPD is a treatable and preventable disease which is underdiagnosed. The EPISCAN study revealed a prevalence of 10.2% in Spain between individuals of 40-80 years, with 73% underdiagnosis. In Primary Care occupies 8.5% of all queries with a high economic impact. These patients exhibit some degree of systemic inflammation characterized by increased plasma levels of some inflammatory mediators such as IL-1, IL-6, IL-8, CRP and TNF, which are also related to endothelial disorders and arteriosclerosis. In the continuum of COPD, comorbidities most frequently appear are: ischemic heart disease, heart failure, stroke, hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, renal failure, osteoporosis, myopathy, anxiety, depression, cognitive impairment, malnutrition, anemia and lung cancer. PMID:25496655

  18. PATHOMORPHOLOGY OF ZERO BIOPSIES OF DONOR KIDNEYS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. L. Arefjev

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available There is well known fact that kidney transplants from Extended Criteria Donors may increase risk of De- layed Graft Function and Primary Non-Function of transplants. We have collected and tested 65 «zero» kidney biopsies from cadaver donors aged from 19 to 71 years old. In the pool of elderly donors who died from cerebrovascular accident the frequency of nephrosclerosis presentation was higher than in donors of yonger age who died from craniocephalic trauma. Nevertheless in the general donor pool the number of sclerosed glomeruli was no more than 12%. We did not meet at all in the whole volume of material any bi- opsy with the severe degree of arteriosclerosis. The «zero» biopsies of cadaver kidneys is quite usable and unexpensive tool to measure the degree of nephrosclerosis in order to exclude kidneys which are not fitable for transplantation. 

  19. Fiscal 1998 achievement report on regional consortium research and development project. Venture business raising type regional consortium - small business creating base type (Control of gene expression by ligands for nuclear receptors and its application to medicine manufacture - 2nd year); 1998 nendo kakunai juyotai ligand ni yoru iden joho hatsugen no seigyo to iyaku seizo process eno oyo seika hokokusho. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Studies are made about ascochlorin and its derivatives which are expected to be effective in the treatment and prevention of lifestyle diseases such as arteriosclerosis, diabetes, hypertension, etc. The current goal is to definitely prove at the cell culture stage that ascochlorin and its derivatives act as ligands for nuclear receptors. As the result of the effort to prove their activation of nuclear receptors, it is clarified that they activate not only PPARr, which is the initial target of the research, but also PPARa, PXR, and ER. A computer simulation of interaction between ascochlorin derivatives and PPARr is conducted, and now it is predicted that the helix 10 cubic structure is transformed so that co-activators may connect to the structure. It is also found that AS-6 inhibits almost completely the appearance of type II diabetes in the db/db mouse lacking leptin receptors and type I diabetes in the NOD (non-obese diabetes) mouse. (NEDO)

  20. Clinical usefulness of color Doppler imaging in the management of the neck region vessels in patients with intraocular tumors - preliminary report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of the study was to assess the clinical usefulness of color Doppler ultrasonography (CDU) examinations of the neck vessels in patients with intraocular tumors as well as to establish whether the changes in these vessels had an influence on further ophthalmologic procedures. Clinical ophthalmological examinations such as visual acuity, anterior segment and ocular fundus, as well as color Doppler ultrasonography of the bulbar and neck region vessels were performed on 38 patients, aged 44-70 years with eyeball tumors. Localization, size, vascularization of the intrabulbar tumors and big vessels of the neck region were analyzed. In 28 patients, choroidal melanoma was identified, and the vascularity of tumor mass was monitored in 10 patients after brachytherapy. Compression or infiltration of jugular veins or carotid artery were not observed. Severe internal carotid artery stenosis due to arteriosclerosis was detected in 5 patients, but no one was suggested to be operated on first in Vascular Surgery Department. Color Doppler ultrasonography should be the first choice technique in the neck vessels and intrabulbar tumors imaging. Visualization of the mass lesions vascularity and the evaluation of amplitude of blood flow velocity allows to monitor the effectiveness of their therapy. It was found that this technique is useful in deciding upon the method of treatment in patients should be the first choice technique in the neck vessels and intrabulbar tumors imaging. Visualization of the mass lesions vascularity and the evaluation of amplitude of blood flow velocity allows to monitor the effectiveness of their therapy. It was found that this technique is useful in deciding upon the method of treatment in patients with coexisting arteriosclerosis. (author)

  1. Chemical pathology of homocysteine. V. Thioretinamide, thioretinaco, and cystathionine synthase function in degenerative diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCully, Kilmer S

    2011-01-01

    Hyperhomocysteinemia was first associated with degenerative disease by observation of accelerated arteriosclerosis in children with inherited disorders of cystathionine synthase, methionine synthase, and methylene tetrohydrofolate reductase. The metabolic blockade of sulfate synthesis from homocysteine thiolactone in malignant cells is ascribed to a deficiency of a chemopreventive derivative of homocysteine thiolactone that occurs in normal cells. Its chemical structure was elucidated by the organic synthesis of thioretinamide from retinoic acid and homocysteine thiolactone. Oxidation of the sulfur atom of homocysteine is inhibited in scorbutic guinea pigs, demonstrating ascorbate function in sulfate synthesis from homocysteine. Studies of homocysteine metabolism in protein energy malnutrition led to the conclusion that the biosynthesis of thioretinamide from the retinol of transthyretin is catalyzed by dehydroascorbate and superoxide generated from the heme oxygenase group of cystathionine synthase. Newly synthesized thioretinamide is complexed with cobalamin to form thioretinaco, which is activated by ozone and oxygen to function as the active site of oxidative phosphorylation. In accordance with the trophoblastic theory of cancer, pancreatic enzymes are believed to be oncolytic because they hydrolyze the homocysteinylated proteins, nucleic acids and glycosaminoglycans of malignant tissues. The clonal selection of malignant cells that are deficient in the heme oxygenase function of cystathionine synthase produces cells dependent upon glycolysis for ATP synthesis, since they are deficient in synthesis of thioretinamide, thioretinaco and thioretinaco ozonide. The vulnerable plaque of arteriosclerosis originates from complexes of microbes with homocysteinylated lipoproteins, obstructing vasa vasorum narrowed by endothelial dysfunction, causing arterial ischemia, and intimal micro-abscesses. Degenerative diseases may be ameliorated by a proposed therapeutic protocol

  2. The role of increased levels of homocysteine in the development of cardiovascular diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Čeperković Zoran

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Homocysteine is a sulphur amino acid produced by demethylation of the essential amino acid methionine. Dysfunction of certain enzymes or insufficient intake of nutrients may cause increase of intracellular homocysteine, which is then exported into plasma. Etiopathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases accompanied with higher level of homocysteine. McCully's theory suggests that high levels of homocysteine are associated with cardiovascular diseases, arteriosclerosis and endothelial dysfunction. Harmful effects of homocysteine are associated with LDL cholesterol oxidation, increased production of collagen, lower availability of nitric oxide as well as prothrombotic activity. Reduction of homocysteine levels. The most recent researches show that hyperhomocysteinemia is responsible for about 10% of total risk of cardiovascular diseases. Vitamin BJ2 plays a major role in the remethylation of homocysteine. Reducing the homocysteine concentration in blood by 3 mol/l (with daily intake of 0.8 mg of folic acid reduces the risk of ishemic heart diseases by 16%, vein thrombosis by 25%, and stroke by 24%. A six-month therapy with folic acid (Img/d, vitamin B12 (400g/d and vitamin B6 (10mg/d, reduces the frequency of cardiovascular occurrences after successful PTCA. Plasma homocysteine concentration over 12/1 doubles the risk of myocardial infarction. Conclusion. A lack of folates, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 increases the level of homocysteine and thus increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Changes in lifestyle and diet, as well as intake of food supplements, are of great importance in reducing homocysteine levels in plasma and therefore in reducing the occurrence and acceleration of arteriosclerosis. .

  3. Do spotty high intensity regions found in basal ganglia on MRI T2-weighted brain images of elderly subjects indicate gliosis? Comparison of brain MRI T2-weighted images of elderly subjects and necropsy brain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spotty high intensity regions are frequently found on the MRI T2-weighted brain images (T2WI) of elderly people. High intensity regions with a diameter of 3 mm or less have been considered as expanded perivascular space with no pathological implications on radiological diagnosis. However, its morphometrical basis is not clear. We examined the character of the spotty regions using brain MRI of brain screening subjects, and studied morphometrically arteriolosclerosis and perivascular tissue damage using necropsy brains of subjects aged 65 years and over. The size, number and location of the spotty high intensity regions were examined using the brain MRI of 109 T2WI which is used for brain screening at Kanazawa Medical University Hospital. The frontal lobe, temporal lobe, parietal lobe, hippocampus, midbrain and basal ganglia were sampled from 15 subjects aged 65 years and over, and the tissue sections were processed for HE stain, Elastica van Gieson stain and immunostaining with GFAP. We took photographs of brain arterioli and surrounding parenchyma with a digital telescope camera and the degree of arterioscleosis and tissue damage were assessed by measurements with an image analyzer. Spotty high intensity regions on T2WI with a diameter of 3 mm or less were observed in 95.5% subjects aged 65 years and over. 69.4% spotty region was observed in basal ganglia. There was a significant correlation between age and size. In morphometrical examination, at the basal ganglia, the density of GFAP-positive astrocytes in the perivascular tissue had a significant positive correlation with the proportional thickness of the adventitia, which is an index of arteriosclerosis, and a significant negative correlation with the size of the perivascular space. The results suggested that the spotty regions in the brain MRI of elderly people do not represent dilatations of the perivascular space, but is mild brain damage caused by arteriosclerosis. (author)

  4. Characterization of the apolipoprotein AI and CIII genes in the domestic pig

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Birchbauer, A.; Knipping, G.; Juritsch, B.; Zechner, R. (Univ. of Graz (Austria)); Aschauer, H. (Sandoz-Forschungs Institut Ges.m.b.H., Vienna (Austria))

    1993-03-01

    The apolipoproteins (apo) AI and CIII are important constituents of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and high-density lipoproteins. In humans, apo AI is believed to play an important protective role in the pathogenesis of arteriosclerosis, whereas apo CIII might be involved in the development of hypertriglyceridemia. Both human genes are located within a gene cluster on chromosome 11. Although the domestic pig has been widely used as an animal model in arteriosclerosis and lipid research, the porcine apolipoproteins genes are poorly characterized. In this report, the complete nucleotide sequences of the porcine apo AI and CIII genes are presented and the authors demonstrate, for the first time, apo CIII expression in the pig. Both genes are composed of four exons and three introns and resemble closely their human counterparts with regard to the transcriptional start sites, exon sizes, intron sizes, exon-intron borders, and the size of the intergenic region. The predicted pig apo AI is a protein of 241 amino acids, which is 2 amino acids shorter than human apo AI. The protein sequence was found to be very homologous to apo AI sequences in other mammalian species. Apo AI expression was detected on the mRNA level in porcine liver and intestine. The apo CIII gene encodes a protein with 73 amino acids, which is 6 amino acids shorter than human apo CIII. In contrast to the three isoforms of apo CIII found in humans, only one major isoform was detected in the pig. Presumably this isoform is unglycosylated. In addition to apo CIII expression in the liver and the intestine, a truncated form of apo CIII mRNA was also found in porcine kidney. The studies demonstrate the presence of an apo CIII gene, an apo CIII mRNA, and an apo CIII protein in the pig and, therefore, exclude a hypothesized apo CIII deficiency in these animals. 53 refs., 5 figs.

  5. Late neurological complications after irradiation of malignant tumors of the testis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knap, Marianne M.; Overgaard, Jens [Danish Cancer Society, Dept. of Experimental Clinical Oncology, Aarhus Univ. Hospital, Aarhus (Denmark); Bentzen, Soeren M. [Dept. of Human Oncology, Univ. of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI (United States)

    2007-05-15

    To identify and describe late neurological complications in a Danish testis cancer cohort treated by radiotherapy. Clinical retrospective material of 94 consecutive patients with malignant testicular tumours treated at Aarhus County Hospital from 1964 to 1973. The irradiated dose in the paraaortic field varied from 27 to 55 Gy given 5 or 6 days a week, from the back and front alternately. The biological equivalent dose of the spinal cord was calculated using the linear-quadratic model. Median follow-up was 25 years, range 7 to 33 years. Seven patients were identified with late neurological complications after irradiation. One developed symptoms 9 months after treatment, but in the six other cases we found a latency period between 10 and 20 years from radiotherapy until the initial neurological symptoms began. The clinical picture in all seven patients was dominated by muscle atrophy, flaccid paresis in the lower limbs and absence of sphincter disturbances or sensory symptoms. High spinal cord dose was related to increased risk of neurological damage. During follow-up 19 patients developed another primary cancer in the radiation field; nine patients were diagnosed with severe arteriosclerosis and 13 patients with long-term gastrointestinal morbidity. Seven patients were identified with late neurological complications, and a clear dose-incidence relationship was shown. The latency period, from irradiation to the initial neurological symptoms began, ranged from 9 months to 20 years with progression of symptoms beyond 25 years. Furthermore many patients in the cohort suffered from solid tumours in the radiation field, severe arteriosclerosis and long-term gastrointestinal morbidity.

  6. Hyperhomocysteinemia and atherosclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Fan; Tan, Hong-Mei; Wang, Hong

    2005-04-25

    Arteriosclerosis and its complications, such as heart attack and stroke, are the major causes of death in developed countries. It was believed that age, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, diabetes and smoking are common risk factors for cardiovascular disease. In addition, overwhelming clinical and epidemiological studies have identified homocysteine (Hcy) as a significant and independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. In healthy individuals, plasma Hcy is between 5 and 10 micromol/L. One cause of severe hypehomocys- teinemia (HHcy) is the deficiency of cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS), which converts Hcy to cystathionine. CBS homozygous deficiency results in severe HHcy with Hcy levels up to 100 to 500 micromol/L. Patients with severe HHcy usually present with neurological abnormalities, premature arteriosclerosis. It has been reported that lowering plasma Hcy improved endothelial dysfunction and reduced incidence of major adverse events after percutaneous coronary intervention. The mechanisms by which Hcy induces atherosclerosis are largely unknown. Several biological mechanisms have been proposed to explain cardiovascular pathological changes associated with HHcy. These include: (1) endothelial cell damage and impaired endothelial function; (2) dysregulation of cholesterol and triglyceride biosynthesis; (3) stimulation of vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation; (4) thrombosis activation and (5) activation of monocytes. Four major biochemical mechanisms have been proposed to explain the vascular pathology of Hcy. These include: (1) autooxidation through the production of reactive oxygen species; (2) hypomethylation by forming SAH, a potent inhibitor of biological transmethylations; (3) nitrosylation by binding to nitric oxide or (4) protein homocysteinylation by incorporating into protein. In summary, our studies, as well as data from other laboratories support the concept that Hcy is causally linked to atherosclerosis, and is not merely associated with

  7. Genetic association of glutathione peroxidase-1 with coronary artery calcification in type 2 diabetes: a case control study with multi-slice computed tomography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fujimoto Kei

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although oxidative stress by accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS in diabetes has become evident, it remains unclear what genes, involved in redox balance, would determine susceptibility for development of atherosclerosis in diabetes. This study evaluated the effect of genetic polymorphism of enzymes producing or responsible for reducing ROS on coronary artery calcification in type 2 diabetes (T2D. Methods An index for coronary-arteriosclerosis, coronary artery calcium score (CACS was evaluated in 91 T2D patients using a multi-slice computed tomography. Patients were genotyped for ROS-scavenging enzymes, Glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx-1, Catalase, Mn-SOD, Cu/Zn-SOD, as well as SNPs of NADPH oxidase as ROS-promoting elements, genes related to onset of T2D (CAPN10, ADRB3, PPAR gamma, FATP4. Age, blood pressure, BMI, HbA1c, lipid and duration of diabetes were evaluated for a multivariate regression analysis. Results CACS with Pro/Leu genotype of the GPx-1 gene was significantly higher than in those with Pro/Pro (744 ± 1,291 vs. 245 ± 399, respectively, p = 0.006. In addition, genotype frequency of Pro/Leu in those with CACS ≥ 1000 was significantly higher than in those with CACS OR = 3.61, CI = 0.97–13.42; p = 0.045 when tested for deviation from Hardy-Weinberg's equilibrium. Multivariate regression analyses revealed that CACS significantly correlated with GPx-1 genotypes and age. Conclusion The presence of Pro197Leu substitution of the GPx-1 gene may play a crucial role in determining genetic susceptibility to coronary-arteriosclerosis in T2D. The mechanism may be associated with a decreased ability to scavenge ROS with the variant GPx-1.

  8. Popcorn worker's lung: In vitro exposure to diacetyl, an ingredient in microwave popcorn butter flavoring, increases reactivity to methacholine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Workers who inhale microwave popcorn butter flavorings experience decrements in lung function and can develop clinical bronchiolitis obliterans, i.e., 'popcorn worker's lung' (Kreiss, K., Gomaa, A., Kullman, G., Fedan, K., Simoes, E.J., Enright, P.L., 2002. Clinical bronchiolitis obliterans in workers at a microwave-popcorn plant. N. Engl. J. Med. 347, 330-338.). In a rat inhalation model, vapors of an artificial butter flavoring damaged the epithelium of the upper and lower airways (Hubbs, A.F., Battelli, L.A., Goldsmith, W.T., Porter, D.W., Frazer, D., Friend, S., Schwegler-Berry, D., Mercer, R.R., Reynolds, J.S., Grote, A., Castranova, V., Kullman, G., Fedan, J.S., Dowdy, J., Jones, W.G., 2002. Necrosis of nasal and airway epithelium in rats inhaling vapors of artificial butter flavoring. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 185, 128-135.). Diacetyl, a butter flavoring component, is a major volatile ketone in the popcorn-processing workplace. We investigated the effects of diacetyl on epithelium of guinea pig isolated airway preparations and the effects of diacetyl in vitro on reactivity to bronchoactive agents. In the isolated, perfused trachea preparation, diacetyl added to the intraluminal (mucosal) bath elicited responses that began with contraction (threshold ca. 3 mM) and ended with relaxation. After a 4-h incubation with intraluminal diacetyl (3 mM), contractions to extraluminal (serosal) methacholine (MCh) were slightly increased; however, sensitivity to intraluminally (mucosally) applied MCh was increased by 10-fold. Relaxation responses of MCh (3 x 10-7 M)-contracted tracheas to extraluminally applied terbutaline and intraluminally applied 120 mM KCl, to evoke epithelium-derived relaxing factor release, were unaffected by diacetyl. Exposure of the tracheal epithelium in Ussing chambers to diacetyl decreased transepithelial potential difference and resistance. These findings suggest that diacetyl exposure compromised epithelial barrier function, leading to

  9. Patient-reported outcome 2 years after lung transplantation: does the underlying diagnosis matter?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghosh S

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Maria Jose Santana,1 David Feeny,2 Sunita Ghosh,3 Dale C Lien41Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; 2Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, Portland, OR, USA; 3Cross Cancer Center, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; 4University of Alberta Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta, CanadaPurpose: Transplantation has the potential to produce profound effects on survival and health-related quality of life (HRQL. The inclusion of the patient’s perspective may play an important role in the assessment of the effectiveness of lung transplantation. Patient perspectives are assessed by patient-reported outcome measures, including HRQL measures. We describe how patients’ HRQL among different diagnosis groups can be used by clinicians to monitor and evaluate the outcomes associated with transplantation.Methods: Consecutive lung transplant recipients attending the lung transplant outpatient clinic in a tertiary institution completed the 15-item Health Utilities Index (HUI questionnaire on a touchscreen computer. The results were available to clinicians at every patient visit. The HUI3 covers a range of severity and comorbidities in eight dimensions of health status. Overall HUI3 scores are on a scale in which dead = 0.00 and perfect health = 1.00; disability categories range from no disability = 1 to severe disability <0.70. Single-attribute and overall HUI3 scores were used to compare patients’ HRQL among different diagnosis groups. Random-effect models with time since transplant as a random variable and age, gender, underlying diagnoses, infections, and broncholitis obliterans syndrome as fixed variables were built to identify determinants of health status at 2-years posttransplantation.Results: Two hundred and fourteen lung transplant recipients of whom 61% were male with a mean age of 52 (19–75 years were included in the study. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cystic fibrosis patients displayed

  10. Oxidación de las LDL (lipoproteínas de baja densidad y su relación con la patogénesis de la aterosclerosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yohani Pérez Guerra

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available La arteriosclerosis es el endurecimiento de las arterias, una enfermedad común de los vasos sanguíneos principales que se caracteriza por franjas de grasa a lo largo de las paredes arteriales y depósitos de colesterol y calcio.La aterosclerosis suele transcurrir sin síntomas durante años hasta que ocurre la trombosis, causa fundamental de las enfermedades coronarias, cerebro vasculares y arteriales periféricas, provocando, anginas inestables, infarto del miocardio y muerte súbita. La hipótesis oxidativa de la aterogénesis, propuesta inicialmente por Steinberg en 1989 y el papel de los micronutrientes de la dieta como las vitaminas antioxidantes en prevenir la oxidación de las lipoproteínas de baja densidad (LDL, han constituido un atractivo desafío en las investigaciones actuales por sus implicaciones en la medicina preventiva. En los últimos años la hipótesis de que los antioxidantes que inhiban la oxidación de las LDL puedan reducir la incidencia de eventos coronarios, ha creado nuevas interrogantes, ya que se han realizado estudios aleatorizados contra placebo y se han obtenido resultados a favor y en contra. Además, se han realizado diversos estudios con vitaminas antioxidantes en humanos que han sugerido que estas sustancias pueden reducir la incidencia de arteriosclerosis y sus complicaciones. Sin embargo, los resultados no han sido homogéneos y en algunos ensayos la adición de vitaminas antioxidantes a la dieta no demostró ser beneficiosa en ningún sentido. Los beneficios aportados por el consumo de antioxidantes sobre la reducción del riesgo a padecer enfermedades de diferentes etiologías tales como enfermedades vasculares o cáncer, no se encuentra sustentado con evidencias provenientes de estudios de prevención de eventos. Diferentes argumentos tratan de explicar los resultados negativos obtenidos en estudios que en su totalidad alcanzan mas de 30 000 pacientes. Por otra parte, referencias aisladas y su propio

  11. Carotid ultrasonographic parameters as markers of atherogenesis and mortality rate in patients on hemodialysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stolić Radojica

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Vascular endothelium plays an important role in atherogenesis. The aim of this study was to estimate the correlation of endothelium malfunction and arteriosclerosis in patients on hemodialysis. Methods. The investigation was designed as a clinical, non-randomized, fiveyear study in the 'Kragujevac' Clinical Center and included 146 patients. We evaluated demographic characteristics, smoking, duration of dialysis, existence of tissue calcification and duplex ultrasound parameters of the carotid artery. All lethal outcomes, including the cause and time of death were recorded. Results. The cumulative survival rate was 57.5%. Survival was short in patients with wider lumen diameter of the carotid arteries. Carotid artery lumen diameter in men was wider than in women. The area cross section was closely correlated with intima media thickness (r = 0.913; p < 0.0001, as well as with the lumen diameter of the carotid arteries (r = 0.527; p < 0.0001. Carotid artery lumen diameter was negatively associated with serum cholesterol (r = - 0.278; p = 0.019, while serum triglycerides correlated negatively with the cross section of intima media (r = -0.261; p = 0.028. Positive correlations were found between the serum total protein level and carotid artery lumen diameter (r = 0.235; p = 0.047, cross section intima media (r = 0.269; p = 0.022 and cholesterol (r = 0.248; p = 0.037. Time on dialysis showed a negative correlation with carotid artery cross section (r = -0.241; p = 0.04, while age was positively correlated with intima media (r = 0.295; p = 0.013, lumen diameter (r = 0.296; p = 0.012 and intima media cross section (r = 0.347; p = 0.003. Regression analysis pointed to predictive importance of carotid artery lumen diameter for survival (Beta = 0.437; p = 0.011 of the examined patients. The cumulative rate of survival was 57%. Conclusion. In our study patient age correlated positively with all parameters of arteriosclerosis. The average

  12. 青壮年急性心肌梗死患者临床分析%Analysis of clinical characteristics in the young and middle-aged male patients with acute myocardial infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张爱华; 刘梅林; 朱正炎

    2009-01-01

    目的:探讨青壮年急性心肌梗死患者的危险因素及临床特征.方法:比较青壮年组与老年组急性心肌梗死患者的危险因素及临床特征.结果:吸烟、糖尿病、高脂血症、动脉硬化家族史、代谢综合征病史在青壮年组与老年组所占比例分别为78.6%/vs 55.0%、22.3%vs 39.1%、63.1%vs 38.7%、12.6%vs 4.6%、19.4%vs 8.0%.P<0.05;心绞痛病史、典型临床症状在两组中所占比例为49.6%vs 61.8%、78.6%vs 61.8%.P<0.05;两组左室射血分数分别为(63.1±13.6)%和(53.4±14.5)%,P<0.05.结论:青壮年急性心肌梗死患者与吸烟、高脂血症、动脉硬化家族史、代谢综合征病史,呈正相关,行冠状动脉搭桥术比率低.%Objective:This article examined the clinical characters and risk factors in young adults with acute myocardial infarction.Methods:Compare clinical characteristics and risk factors in the young patients and in the old patients.Results: The proportion of smoking,diabetes,hyperlipidemia,family history of arteriosclerosis,metabolic syndrome,hypertension in two groups were 78.6% vs 55.0%,22.3% vs 39.1%,63.1% vs 38.7%,12.6% vs 4.6%,19.4% vs 8.0%,P<0.05.Left ventricular e-jection fraction of younger and older group is ( 63.1±13.6)% and (53.4±14.5)%,respectively.Conclusion :The risk factors in young adults group is relation to the smoking,hyperlipidemia,family history of arteriosclerosis, metabolic syndrome.

  13. Arsenicosis: review of recent advances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pimparkar, B D; Bhave, Aruna

    2010-10-01

    , bronchitis, pulmonary fibrosis, hepatosplenomegaly resembling NCPF, portal hypertension, peripheral vascular disease and BFD, arteriosclerosis and cancers of lung, urinary bladder, other internal organs and diabetes. Experimental and epidemiological evidence support diabetes effect of high level arsenic exposure. Low and moderate exposure to arsenic in drinking water is widely prevalent and may play a role in diabetes prevalence and needs to be studied further. Role of arsenic in Indian arteriosclerosis, diabetes and liver diseases, (cirrhosis, NCPF), need to be studied further. Study of mechanisms and enzymes mentioned need to be studied in humans exposed to arsenic and other xenobiotics. Measuring arsenic exposure, metabolic and biologic effects by newly described and simpler urine proteomics may accelerate our understanding of arsenic on health consequences. PMID:21510113

  14. Clinical characters of cerebral infarction on older patients%87例老年人脑梗死的临床特点分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍书元; 杨冰洁; 张钦林; 杨剑文; 杨期明

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To explore the clinical characters of cerebral infarction on older patients Methods:87 cases of cerebral infarctions on older patients were retrospectively studied to explore its clinical characters such as the cause, dangerous factors and recovery Results There were 78 cases of cerebral infarction with clear causes ( 89.66%) , among which 75 cases were arteriosclerosis ( 86.20%) , 10 cases were cardiogenic cerebralinfarction ( 11.49%) , 2 cases with unclear causes ( 2.30%) .The main dangerous factors included smoking, hypertension, abnormal blood fat, familial cerebrovascular disease, obesity,alcoholism, TIA medical record, diabetes and atria tril 1 There were 45 cases of basic recovery after therapy ( 51.72%) ,17 cases of obvious improvement(19.54%) , 15 cases of improvement ( 17.24%) and 10cases remained unchanged ( 11.49%) Conclusion:The most common causes for cerebral infarction on older patients include arteriosclerosis, cardiogenic cerebral thrombus.The most common dangerous factors are smoking, hypertension and abnormal blood fat. Most of the patients recover wel .%目的:分析老年人脑梗死的临床特点。方法:回顾性分析87例老年脑梗死患者的临床资料,探讨其病因、危险因素和预后等临床特点。结果:有明确病因者78例(89.66%),其中动脉粥样硬化75例(86.20%),心源性脑栓塞10例(11.49%),病因不明者2例(2.30%)。主要危险因素有高血压病、糖尿病、房颤、血脂异常、脑血管疾病家族史、肥胖、吸烟、酗酒、TIA 病史等。经治疗基本痊愈45例(51.72%),显著进步17例(19.54%),进步15例(17.24%),无变化10例(11.49%)。结论:老年人脑梗死的病因以动脉粥样硬化、心源性脑栓塞最常见。以高血压病、糖尿病、房颤、血脂异常等为最常见的危险因素,大多数患者预后较好。

  15. 脑动脉硬化性眩晕的临床治疗观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于源东

    2012-01-01

    Objective Investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of the treatment of vertigo in Xuesaitong tablet combined with vertigo rather. Method Random sample of outpatient and inpatient cerebral arteriosclerosis vertigo as the main symptoms of 70 patients were randomly divided into treatment and control groups, which Xuesaitong tablet combined with vertigo rather for the treatment of 35 cases, Xuesaitong tablet three times a day, once100 mg, dizziness rather orally once three times a day, after meals, once every 15 days; Sibelium control group, oral Sibelium once a day, once 10 ~20 mg of atorvastatin for 15 days, were observed treatment effect.Result The total effective rate of treatment group, 94.2%, significantly higher than 80.0% (P <0.05). Conclusion Xuesaitong tablet combined with vertigo rather the treatment of cerebral arteriosclerosis, vertigo significant, worthy of clinical application.%目的探讨血塞通片联合眩晕宁治疗眩晕症的临床疗效及安全性.方法随机抽取门诊及住院脑动脉硬化症以眩晕为主要症状的70例患者,随机分成治疗组和对照组,其中血塞通片联合眩晕宁为治疗组35例,血塞通片口服3次/d,100 mg/次,眩晕宁口服3片/次,3次/d,饭后服用,连用15天;西比灵为对照组,口服西比灵1次/d,5~10mg/次,连用15天,观察两组治疗效果.结果治疗组总有效率达94.2%,明显高于对照组的80.0%(P<0.05).结论血塞通片联合眩晕宁治疗脑动脉硬化性眩晕疗效显著,值得在临床上推广应用.

  16. Versican in inflammation and tissue remodeling: the impact on lung disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersson-Sjöland, Annika; Hallgren, Oskar; Rolandsson, Sara; Weitoft, Maria; Tykesson, Emil; Larsson-Callerfelt, Anna-Karin; Rydell-Törmänen, Kristina; Bjermer, Leif; Malmström, Anders; Karlsson, Jenny C; Westergren-Thorsson, Gunilla

    2015-03-01

    Versican is a proteoglycan that has many different roles in tissue homeostasis and inflammation. The biochemical structure comprises four different types of the core protein with attached glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) that can be sulfated to various extents and has the capacity to regulate differentiation of different cell types, migration, cell adhesion, proliferation, tissue stabilization and inflammation. Versican's regulatory properties are of importance during both homeostasis and changes that lead to disease progression. The GAGs that are attached to the core protein are of the chondroitin sulfate/dermatan sulfate type and are known to be important in inflammation through interactions with cytokines and growth factors. For a more complex understanding of versican, it is of importance to study the tissue niche, where the wound healing process in both healthy and diseased conditions take place. In previous studies, our group has identified changes in the amount of the multifaceted versican in chronic lung disorders such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome, which could be a result of pathologic, transforming growth factor β driven, on-going remodeling processes. Reversely, the context of versican in its niche is of great importance since versican has been reported to have a beneficial role in other contexts, e.g. emphysema. Here we explore the vast mechanisms of versican in healthy lung and in lung disorders. PMID:25371494

  17. Buerger's disease associated with visceral artery occlusions: computed tomography angiography findings of a case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Introduction: Thromboangiitis obliterans or Buerger's Disease (BD) is characterized by occlusive segmental and often multiple inflammatory lesions of medium and small-sized arteries and superficial veins.This disease rarely effects the visceral arteries. Objectives and tasks: In this report, we present the computed tomography angiography (CTA) findings of a BD case associated with inferior mesenteric and splenic artery occlusions. Materials and methods: A 35-year-old man with BD is referred to our department for aorta and bilateral lower extremity arterial CTA examination. Results: On CTA, abdominal aorta and bilateral iliac arteries were normal. The distal 2/3 of the anterior tibial artery was thin and there were multisegmented stenoses at proximal 1/3 part. Right posterior tibial artery was occluded. In addition to the stenoses of the extremity arteries, splenic artery was occluded and the spleen was feeding by collateral vessels. The proximal part of the inferior mesenteric artery was occluded, as well and the distal segment was filling retrogradely via collaterals. Conclusion: BD rarely effects the visceral arteries. CTA which is used commonly in daily radiology practice, is a reliable imaging modality for the detection of the visceral artery occlusions in addition to the pathologies of the extremity arteries in BD patients

  18. Comparison of Chest HRCT in Inspiration and Expiration of patients with Chemical Gas Exposure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kh. Bakhtavar

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Background/Objectives: Chemical weapon agents (CWA including Sulfur Mustard (SM, were com-monly used in the Iran-Iraq war and pulmonary complications are known to occur in over half of the exposed patients. Previous studies showed that HRCT in inspiration was normal in most of the patients. In this study comparison between the HRCT findings in deep inspiration and full expiration was carried out. Materials and Method: HRCT in deep inspiration and full expiration in 473 patients with history of chemi-cal gas exposure during the war was performed and the results were compared. The study was prospective during one year since 1382 to 1383. Results: In our study, 366 patients (77% showed normal HRCT in deep inspiration, however in corre-sponding expiration cuts, 54% showed abnormal findings, from which, patchy air trapping was the most common (78%. Other findings in our study were pulmonary fibrotic changes (30%, emphysema (19%, and bronchiectasis (10%. Conclusion: Exposure to SM has pulmonary compli-cations and results in disability in the affected pa-tients. HRCT is normal only in inspiration in most of the affected patients; expiratory HRCT showed patchy air trapping as the most common finding which is suggestive of bronchiolitis obliterans. There-fore, HRCT should be advised to be done both in deep inspiration and full expiration in patients with history of CWA exposure.

  19. Benign penile skin anomalies in children:a primer for pediatricians

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Marco Castagnetti; Mike Leonard; Luis Guerra; Ciro Esposito; Marcello Cimador

    2015-01-01

    Background: Abnormalities involving the skin coverage of the penis are diffi cult to defi ne, but they can significantly alter penile appearance, and be a cause of parental concern. Data sources: The present review was based on a non-systematic search of the English language medical literature using a combination of key words including "penile skin anomalies" and the specific names of the different conditions. Results: Conditions were addressed in the following order, those mainly affecting the prepuce (phimosis, balanitis xerotica obliterans, balanitis, paraphimosis), those which alter penile configuration (inconspicuous penis and penile torsion), and lastly focal lesions (cysts, nevi and vascular lesions). Most of these anomalies are congenital, have no or minimal influence on urinary function, and can be detected on clinical examination. Spontaneous improvement is possible. In the majority of cases undergoing surgery, the potential psychological implications of genital malformation on patient development are the main reason for treatment, and the age generally recommended for surgery is after 12 months of age. Conclusion: This review provides the pediatrician with a handy tool to identify the most common penile skin anomalies, counsel parents adequately, make sensible and evidence based choices for management, and recognize complications or untoward outcomes in patients undergoing surgery.

  20. Interstitial Pneumonitis and the Risk of Chronic Allograft Rejection in Lung Transplant Recipients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mihalek, Andrew D.; Rosas, Ivan O.; Padera, Robert F.; Fuhlbrigge, Anne L.; Hunninghake, Gary M.; DeMeo, Dawn L.; Camp, Phillip C.

    2013-01-01

    Background: The presence of interstitial pneumonitis (IP) on surveillance lung biopsy specimens in lung transplant recipients is poorly described, and its impact on posttransplant outcomes is not established. The following study assessed the association of posttransplant IP with the development of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). Methods: We examined all recipients of primary cadaveric lung transplants at our institution between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2007 (N = 145). Patients had bronchoscopies with BAL, and transbronchial biopsies performed for surveillance during posttransplant months 1, 3, 6, and 12 as well as when clinically indicated. Patients were given a diagnosis of IP if, in the absence of active infection and organizing pneumonia, they showed evidence of interstitial inflammation and fibrosis on two or more biopsy specimens. Results: IP was a significant predictor of BOS (OR, 7.84; 95% CI, 2.84-21.67; P < .0001) and was significantly associated with time to development of BOS (hazard ratio, 3.8; 95% CI, 1.93-7.39; P = .0001) within the first 6 years posttransplant. The presence of IP did not correlate with a significantly higher risk of mortality or time to death. There was no association between the presence of IP and the development of or time to acute rejection. Conclusions: The presence of IP on lung transplant biopsy specimens suggests an increased risk for BOS, which is independent of the presence of acute cellular rejection. PMID:23715594

  1. Chronic rejection of a lung transplant is characterized by a profile of specific autoantibodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagedorn, Peter H; Burton, Christopher M; Carlsen, Jørn; Steinbrüchel, Daniel; Andersen, Claus B; Sahar, Eli; Domany, Eytan; Cohen, Irun R; Flyvbjerg, Henrik; Iversen, Martin

    2010-01-01

    Obliterative bronchiolitis (OB) continues to be the major limitation to long-term survival after lung transplantation. The specific aetiology and pathogenesis of OB are not well understood. To explore the role of autoreactivity in OB, we spotted 751 different self molecules onto glass slides, and used these antigen microarrays to profile 48 human serum samples for immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgM autoantibodies; 27 patients showed no or mild bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS; a clinical correlate of OB) and 15 patients showed medium to severe BOS. We now report that these BOS grades could be differentiated by a profile of autoantibodies binding to 28 proteins or their peptides. The informative autoantibody profile included down-regulation as well as up-regulation of both IgM and IgG specific reactivities. This profile was evaluated for robustness using a panel of six independent test patients. Analysis of the functions of the 28 informative self antigens showed that eight of them are connected in an interaction network involved in apoptosis and protein metabolism. Thus, a profile of autoantibodies may reflect pathological processes in the lung allograft, suggesting a role for autoimmunity in chronic rejection leading to OB. PMID:20201985

  2. The Presence of HLA-E-Restricted, CMV-Specific CD8+ T Cells in the Blood of Lung Transplant Recipients Correlates with Chronic Allograft Rejection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Lucy C.; Westall, Glen P.; Widjaja, Jacqueline M. L.; Mifsud, Nicole A.; Nguyen, Thi H. O.; Meehan, Aislin C.; Kotsimbos, Tom C.; Brooks, Andrew G.

    2015-01-01

    The human cytomegalovirus (CMV) immune evasion protein, UL40, shares an identical peptide sequence with that found in the leader sequence of many human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-C alleles and when complexed with HLA-E, can modulate NK cell functions via interactions with the CD94-NKG2 receptors. However the UL40-derived sequence can also be immunogenic, eliciting robust CD8+ T cell responses. In the setting of solid organ transplantation these T cells may not only be involved in antiviral immunity but also can potentially contribute to allograft rejection when the UL40 epitope is also present in allograft-encoded HLA. Here we assessed 15 bilateral lung transplant recipients for the presence of HLA-E-restricted UL40 specific T cells by tetramer staining of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). UL40-specific T cells were observed in 7 patients post-transplant however the magnitude of the response varied significantly between patients. Moreover, unlike healthy CMV seropositive individuals, longitudinal analyses revealed that proportions of such T cells fluctuated markedly. Nine patients experienced low-grade acute cellular rejection, of which 6 also demonstrated UL40-specific T cells. Furthermore, the presence of UL40-specific CD8+ T cells in the blood was significantly associated with allograft dysfunction, which manifested as Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome (BOS). Therefore, this study suggests that minor histocompatibility antigens presented by HLA-E can represent an additional risk factor following lung transplantation. PMID:26302084

  3. Gastroesophageal Reflux and Altered Motility in Lung Transplant Rejection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castor, John M; Wood, Richard K.; Muir, Andrew J.; Palmer, Scott M.; Shimpi, Rahul A.

    2010-01-01

    Background Lung transplantation has become an effective therapeutic option for selected patients with end stage lung disease. Long-term survival is limited by chronic rejection manifest as bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). The aspiration of gastric contents has been implicated as a causative or additive factor leading to BOS. Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and altered foregut motility are common both before and after lung transplantation. Further, the normal defense mechanisms against reflux are impaired in the allograft. Recent studies using biomarkers of aspiration have added to previous association studies to provide a growing body of evidence supporting the link between rejection and GER. Further, the addition of high-resolution manometry (HRM) and impedance technology to characterize bolus transit and the presence and extent of reflux regardless of pH might better identify at-risk patients. Although additional prospective studies are needed, fundoplication appears useful in the prevention or treatment of post-transplant BOS. Purpose This review will highlight the existing literature on the relationship of gastroesophageal reflux and altered motility to lung transplant rejection, particularly BOS. The article will conclude with a discussion of the evaluation and management of patients undergoing lung transplantation at our center. PMID:20507544

  4. Envolvimento pulmonar na síndrome de Sweet paraneoplásica Pulmonary involvement in paraneoplastic Sweet's syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Pavesi

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Síndrome de Sweet (dermatose neutrofílica febril aguda é caracterizada por lesões cutâneas inflamatórias acompanhadas por febre, leucocitose e mal-estar, devendo ser reconhecida por hematologistas, já que freqüentemente é paraneoplásica. O envolvimento sistêmico pode estar presente e o comprometimento pulmonar, apesar de raro, tem sido reportado na forma de infiltração pulmonar bilateral, bronquiolite obliterante e derrame pleural. Há infiltração neutrofílica densa na histologia. Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente com leucemia mielóide crônica que desenvolveu a síndrome de Sweet com infiltrações pulmonares não infecciosas, as quais não foram responsivas à antibioticoterapia, porém mostraram melhora clínica com a corticoterapia.Sweet's syndrome (acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis is characterized by inflammatory skin lesions accompanied by fever, leukocytosis and malaise, it should be recognized by hematologists, because it can be a paraneoplastic manifestation. Systemic involvement may be present and lung lesions, despite of the rarity, have been reported in the form of bilateral pulmonary infiltrations, bronchiolitis obliterans and pleural effusion. Histopathology shows dense neutrophilic infiltrates. We present a patient with chronic myeloid leukemia who developed Sweet's syndrome with bilateral pulmonary infiltrations, which were non-responsive to antibiotics but showed clinical improvement on steroid therapy.

  5. Pepsin and bile acid concentrations in sputum of mustard gas exposed patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashraf Karbasi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim: Gastro-esophageal reflux has been suggested to be associated with several pulmonary complications such as asthma, and post-transplant bronchiolitis obliterans (BO. Pepsin or bile salts in the sputum is shown to be an optimal molecular marker of gastric contents macro/micro aspiration. In this study, we investigated sputum pepsin as a marker of micro-aspiration in sulfur mustard (SM exposed cases compared to healthy controls. Materials and Methods: In a case controlled study, 26 cases with BO and 12 matched healthy controls were recruited and all cases were symptomatic and their exposure to SM was previously documented during Iran-Iraq conflict. Pepsin levels in sputum and total bile acids were measured using enzymatic assay. The severity of respiratory disorder was categorized based upon the spirometric values. Result: The average concentration of pepsin in sputum was higher in the case group (0.29 ± 0.23 compared with healthy subjects (0.13 ± 0.07; P ± 0.003. Moreover, the average concentration of bile acids in the sputum cases was not significantly different in comparison to the controls ( P = 0.5. Conclusion: Higher pepsin concentrations in sputum of SM exposed patients compared with healthy control subjects indicate the occurrence of significantly more gastric micro-aspiration in SM exposed patients.

  6. Corruption of dendritic cell antigen presentation during acute GVHD leads to regulatory T-cell failure and chronic GVHD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leveque-El Mouttie, Lucie; Koyama, Motoko; Le Texier, Laetitia; Markey, Kate A; Cheong, Melody; Kuns, Rachel D; Lineburg, Katie E; Teal, Bianca E; Alexander, Kylie A; Clouston, Andrew D; Blazar, Bruce R; Hill, Geoffrey R; MacDonald, Kelli P A

    2016-08-11

    Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is a major cause of late mortality following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) and is characterized by tissue fibrosis manifesting as scleroderma and bronchiolitis obliterans. The development of acute GVHD (aGVHD) is a powerful clinical predictor of subsequent cGVHD, suggesting that aGVHD may invoke the immunologic pathways responsible for cGVHD. In preclinical models in which sclerodermatous cGVHD develops after a preceding period of mild aGVHD, we show that antigen presentation within major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II of donor dendritic cells (DCs) is markedly impaired early after BMT. This is associated with a failure of regulatory T-cell (Treg) homeostasis and cGVHD. Donor DC-restricted deletion of MHC class II phenocopied this Treg deficiency and cGVHD. Moreover, specific depletion of donor Tregs after BMT also induced cGVHD, whereas adoptive transfer of Tregs ameliorated it. These data demonstrate that the defect in Treg homeostasis seen in cGVHD is a causative lesion and is downstream of defective antigen presentation within MHC class II that is induced by aGVHD. PMID:27338097

  7. Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia due to amiodarone: long-term follow-up after corticosteroid treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schindler, Katja; Schima, Wolfgang; Kaliman, Josef F

    2010-08-01

    Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (formerly known as bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia) is a clinicopathological entity with characteristical radiographic findings such as bilateral, asymmetrical, sometimes migrating, patchy infiltrates in chest radiograph and ground-glass opacities in computed tomography. The disease has been observed in the context of gastrointestinal disorders, certain lung infections, autoimmune-mediated diseases (such as Wegener granulomatosis), inhalation of toxic fumes, bone marrow transplantation and administration of drugs. The benzofuran amiodarone, a commonly used antiarrythmic drug for atrial fibrillation, can exhibit several pulmonary adverse effects, amongst them cryptogenic organizing pneumonia as a rarely diagnosed and published one. We report a case of cryptogenic organizing pneumonia secondary to amiodarone treatment, its clinical course with significant improvement of clinical symptoms within a few days after discontinuation of amiodarone treatment and administration of corticosteroids. Also the infiltrations found in chest X-ray and computed tomography responded well and showed remarkable resolution tendency quickly. During 5 months of corticoid therapy pulmonary abnormalities gradually resolved almost completely and remained equal during the 8 months follow-up after corticoid termination. PMID:20668958

  8. A Promoter Polymorphism in the CD59 Complement Regulatory Protein Gene in Donor Lungs Correlates With a Higher Risk for Chronic Rejection After Lung Transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budding, K; van de Graaf, E A; Kardol-Hoefnagel, T; Broen, J C A; Kwakkel-van Erp, J M; Oudijk, E-J D; van Kessel, D A; Hack, C E; Otten, H G

    2016-03-01

    Complement activation leads primarily to membrane attack complex formation and subsequent target cell lysis. Protection against self-damage is regulated by complement regulatory proteins, including CD46, CD55, and CD59. Within their promoter regions, single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are present that could influence transcription. We analyzed these SNPs and investigated their influence on protein expression levels. A single SNP configuration in the promoter region of CD59 was found correlating with lower CD59 expression on lung endothelial cells (p = 0.016) and monocytes (p = 0.013). Lung endothelial cells with this SNP configuration secreted more profibrotic cytokine IL-6 (p = 0.047) and fibroblast growth factor β (p = 0.036) on exposure to sublytic complement activation than cells with the opposing configuration, whereas monocytes were more susceptible to antibody-mediated complement lysis (p < 0.0001). Analysis of 137 lung transplant donors indicated that this CD59 SNP configuration correlates with impaired long-term survival (p = 0.094) and a significantly higher incidence of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (p = 0.046) in the recipient. These findings support a role for complement in the pathogenesis of this posttransplant complication and are the first to show a deleterious association of a donor CD59 promoter polymorphism in lung transplantation. PMID:26517734

  9. Targeting Syk-activated B cells in murine and human chronic graft-versus-host disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flynn, Ryan; Allen, Jessica L; Luznik, Leo; MacDonald, Kelli P; Paz, Katelyn; Alexander, Kylie A; Vulic, Ante; Du, Jing; Panoskaltsis-Mortari, Angela; Taylor, Patricia A; Poe, Jonathan C; Serody, Jonathan S; Murphy, William J; Hill, Geoffrey R; Maillard, Ivan; Koreth, John; Cutler, Corey S; Soiffer, Robert J; Antin, Joseph H; Ritz, Jerome; Chao, Nelson J; Clynes, Raphael A; Sarantopoulos, Stefanie; Blazar, Bruce R

    2015-06-25

    Novel therapies for chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) are needed. Aberrant B-cell activation has been demonstrated in mice and humans with cGVHD. Having previously found that human cGVHD B cells are activated and primed for survival, we sought to further evaluate the role of the spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) in cGVHD in multiple murine models and human peripheral blood cells. In a murine model of multiorgan system, nonsclerodermatous disease with bronchiolitis obliterans where cGVHD is dependent on antibody and germinal center (GC) B cells, we found that activation of Syk was necessary in donor B cells, but not T cells, for disease progression. Bone marrow-specific Syk deletion in vivo was effective in treating established cGVHD, as was a small-molecule inhibitor of Syk, fostamatinib, which normalized GC formation and decreased activated CD80/86(+) dendritic cells. In multiple distinct models of sclerodermatous cGVHD, clinical and pathological disease manifestations were not eliminated when mice were therapeutically treated with fostamatinib, though both clinical and immunologic effects could be observed in one of these scleroderma models. We further demonstrated that Syk inhibition was effective at inducing apoptosis of human cGVHD B cells. Together, these data demonstrate a therapeutic potential of targeting B-cell Syk signaling in cGVHD. PMID:25852057

  10. NECROTIZING SIALOMETAPLASIA. CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.I. Navazo Eguía

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Necrotizing sialometaplasia (NSM is a benign lesion affecting the salivary glands mainly in the hard palate. It presents as an ulcer with irregular borders, slightly elevated and necrotic The differential diagnosis should include malignant neoplasms. Case Report: A 26-year-old woman sought medical advice for a painful 2 cm ulceration of the hard palate. She is carrying pierced tongue. The patient had a history of cigarette smoking, chronic anxiety disorder and bulimia,. Analytical normal (including HIV and syphilis serology. Histopathology: accessory gland with squamous metaplasia, pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia and conservation lobulararchitecture. She had an important improvement with total resolution of the lesion in 4 months Discussion: The NSM is a necrotizing inflammatory process. It presents as an ulcer located in the posterior hard palate or the junction between the hard and soft palate. This situation has been associated with local ischemia as surgical trauma, thromboangiitis obliterans, dentures, alcohol, snuff, cocaine, and certain malignancies such as lymphomas, rhabdomyosarcoma or Warthin tumor. Currently associated withbulimia, it being necessary suspected in young women. It is important to rule out neoplasms and infectious processes (tuberculosis or syphilis. Also consider subacute necrotizing sialadenitis, nonspecific acute inflammatory process of unknown cause, with focal necrosis without hyperplasia or ductal metaplasia pseudoepitheliomatous. Treatment is symptomatic and usually resolves in 2-3 months. Conclusion: The NSM is a benign lesion which may mimic neoplasia. The trend is toward resolution. It must be recognized to avoid unnecessary surgery.

  11. Sirolimus-associated interstitial pneumonitis in a liver transplant recipient

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sirolimus is an immunosuppressive drug that has been used during the past few years. Sirolimus is indicated in rescue therapies and to reduce the secondary toxic effects of calcineurin inhibitors. This drug has been associated with infrequent but severe pulmonary toxicity. Cases of interstitial pneumonitis, bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia, and alveolar proteinosis have been described. We describe a case of pulmonary toxicity associated with the use of sirolimus in a 59-yr-old liver transplant recipient. We also review all reported cases of sirolimus-associated lung toxicity among liver transplantation recipients, with the intention of understanding the risk factors, the clinical picture and the outcomes of this complication. Five cases have been reported since January 2000, including the present case. Clinical presentation is similar, with fever, dyspnoea, fatigue, cough, and hemoptysis. Discontinuation of the drug led to resolution of clinical and radiographic findings. Sirolimus-induced pulmonary toxicity is a serious condition and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of liver recipients presenting with respiratory findings. Discontinuation of the drug is associated with resolution of the pulmonary compromise

  12. Ground-glass opacity at high resolution CT: an approach for differential diagnosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To evaluate the Ground-Glass Opacity in high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) with its underlying abnormality and anatomic distribution and its correlation with different etiologies. Methods: A 38 patients series, (32 men, 16 women, mean age 54,6 years, range 20-28) was retrospectively analyzed. They were evaluated with high resolution computed tomography, 2 mm thick sections and 10 mm of interval. Contrast intravenous iodinated contrast (no-ionic) was injected in 11 patients. The final diagnosis was made with sputum analysis, bronchioalveolar lavage, trans bronchial biopsy and open lung biopsy. Results: The differential diagnosis of ground glass opacity is based on analyzing their anatomic resolution and the underlying pathology in the lung parenchyma. Centrilobular distribution indicated early air-spaces pathology produced in our series by 21 infections, 4 pulmonary hemorrhages, 1 hypersensitivity pneumonitis and 1 descamative interstitial pneumonitis. Panlobular distribution, alveolar proteinosis (1 case) sarcoidosis (1 case) drug toxicity 1 case and one case of pneumocystis carinii. Peripherical distribution typical of early idiopathic fibrosis (1). Bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia (1). Structural alterations of the lung parenchyma with bronchiectasias was seen in 16 cases, cystic lesions in 3 cases, sub pleural linear opacities 4 cases, peribronchovascular interstitial thickening or nodularity and emphysema in 10 cases. Conclusion: HRCT is useful to evaluate ground glass opacities pattern with the anatomic distribution and the underlying structural pathology. These findings under some clinical circumstances can suggest a specific diagnosis in most cases, indicating a potentially treatable disease. (author)

  13. Patterns of airway involvement in inflammatory bowel diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ilias; Papanikolaou; Konstantinos; Kagouridis; Spyros; A; Papiris

    2014-01-01

    Extraintestinal manifestations occur commonly in inflammatory bowel diseases(IBD). Pulmonary manifestations(PM) of IBD may be divided in airway disorders, interstitial lung disorders, serositis, pulmonary vasculitis, necrobiotic nodules, drug-induced lung disease, thromboembolic lung disease and enteropulmonary fistulas. Pulmonary involvement may often be asymptomatic and detected solely on the basis of abnormal screening tests. The common embryonic origin of the intestine and the lungs from the primitive foregut, the co-existence of mucosa associated lymphoid tissue in both organs, autoimmunity, smoking and bacterial translocation from the colon to the lungs may all be involved in the pathogenesis of PM in IBD. PM are mainly detected by pulmonary function tests and highresolution computed tomography. This review will focus on the involvement of the airways in the context of IBD, especially stenoses of the large airways, tracheo-bronchitis, bronchiectasis, bronchitis, mucoid impaction, bronchial granulomas, bronchiolitis, bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome and the co-existence of IBD with asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, sarcoidosis and a1-antitrypsin deficiency.

  14. Migratory organizing pneumonitis `primed` by radiation therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bayle, J.Y.; Nesme, P.; Guerin, J.C. [Hopital de la Croix Rousse, Service de Pneumologie, Lyon (France); Bejui-Thivolet, F. [Hopital de la Croix Rousse, Laboratorie d`Anatomopatologie, Lyon (France); Loire, R. [Hopital Cardiovasculaire et Pneumologique, Universite Claude Bernard, Laboratoire d`Anatomopathologie, Lyon (France); Cordier, J.F. [Hopital Cardiovasculaire et Pneumologique, Universite Claude Bernard, Service de Pneumologie, Lyon (France)

    1995-02-01

    We report on two women presenting with cough and fever, 4 and 7 months, respectively, after starting breast radiation therapy following surgery for breast carcinoma. Chest roentgenogram and computed tomographic (CT) scan demonstrated alveolar opacities, initially limited to the pulmonary area next to the irradiated breast, but later migrating within both lungs. Intra-alveolar granulation tissue was found in transbronchial lung biopsies. Corticosteroid treatment resulted in dramatic clinical improvment, together with complete clearing of the pulmonary opacities on chest imaging. However, clinical and imaging relapses occurred when corticosteroids were withdrawn too rapidly; with further improvment when they were reintroduced. The reported cases clearly differ from radiation pneumonitis. They were fairly typical of cryptogenic organizing pneumonitis, also called idiopathic bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia, with the exception of the radiation therapy, partially affecting the lung, which had been performed within the previous months. Since focal radiation therapy involving the lung may induce diffuse bilateral lymphocytic alveolitis, we hypothesize that this may `prime` the lung to further injury, leading to cryptogenic organizing pneumonitis. (au) (26 refs.).

  15. Migratory organizing pneumonitis 'primed' by radiation therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report on two women presenting with cough and fever, 4 and 7 months, respectively, after starting breast radiation therapy following surgery for breast carcinoma. Chest roentgenogram and computed tomographic (CT) scan demonstrated alveolar opacities, initially limited to the pulmonary area next to the irradiated breast, but later migrating within both lungs. Intra-alveolar granulation tissue was found in transbronchial lung biopsies. Corticosteroid treatment resulted in dramatic clinical improvment, together with complete clearing of the pulmonary opacities on chest imaging. However, clinical and imaging relapses occurred when corticosteroids were withdrawn too rapidly; with further improvment when they were reintroduced. The reported cases clearly differ from radiation pneumonitis. They were fairly typical of cryptogenic organizing pneumonitis, also called idiopathic bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia, with the exception of the radiation therapy, partially affecting the lung, which had been performed within the previous months. Since focal radiation therapy involving the lung may induce diffuse bilateral lymphocytic alveolitis, we hypothesize that this may 'prime' the lung to further injury, leading to cryptogenic organizing pneumonitis. (au) (26 refs.)

  16. Aspiration-related pulmonary syndromes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Xiaowen; Lee, Joyce S; Pianosi, Paolo T; Ryu, Jay H

    2015-03-01

    Aspiration of foreign matter into the airways and lungs can cause a wide spectrum of pulmonary disorders with various presentations. The type of syndrome resulting from aspiration depends on the quantity and nature of the aspirated material, the chronicity, and the host responses. Aspiration is most likely to occur in subjects with a decreased level of consciousness, compromised airway defense mechanisms, dysphagia, gastroesophageal reflux, and recurrent vomiting. These aspiration-related syndromes can be categorized into airway disorders, including vocal cord dysfunction, large airway obstruction with a foreign body, bronchiectasis, bronchoconstriction, and diffuse aspiration bronchiolitis, or parenchymal disorders, including aspiration pneumonitis, aspiration pneumonia, and exogenous lipoid pneumonia. In idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, aspiration has been implicated in disease progression and acute exacerbation. Aspiration may increase the risk of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome in patients who have undergone a lung transplant. Accumulating evidence suggests that a causative role for aspiration is often unsuspected in patients presenting with aspiration-related pulmonary diseases; thus, many cases go undiagnosed. Herein, we discuss the broadening spectrum of these pulmonary syndromes with a focus on presenting features and diagnostic aspects. PMID:25732447

  17. [A case of early-onset COPD with recurrent pneumothorax].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terashima, Takeshi; Matsuzaki, Tatsu; Ogawa, Rika; Naitou, Asuka; Morishita, Tetsuo; Ishizaka, Akitoshi

    2009-02-01

    Early-onset chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is designated as onset under age 50. We report a case of early-onset COPD with recurrent pneumothorax. A 29-year-old woman visited our hospital with productive cough and dyspnea on exertion. CT scan of the chest demonstrated severe panlobular emphysema. A pulmonary function test showed a reduction in FEV1.0 (41% of the predicted value). A diagnosis of severe COPD was made. Her symptoms and pulmonary function improved after the treatment of inhaled corticosteroid, long-acting beta2-agonist, and anti-cholinergic drugs. She had pneumothorax at least 8 times in the right lung. The level of alpha1-antitrypsin was normal. On the basis of the characteristics of the appearance of the chest X-ray and CT scan, the possibility of bronchiolitis obliterans, lymphoangioleiomyomatosis or Langerhans cell histiocytosis was thought to be low. We considered that several factors, such as high susceptibility, pulmonary infection during her childhood, bronchial asthma, malnutrition, smoking history from an early age, and long-term passive exposure to cigarette smoke may have contributed to the development of early-onset COPD in the present case. PMID:19260533

  18. CT of chronic infiltrative lung disease: Prevalence of mediastinal lymphadenopathy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niimi, Hiroshi; Kang, Eun-Young; Kwong, S. [Univ. of British Columbia and Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre (Canada)] [and others

    1996-03-01

    Our goal was to determine the prevalence of mediastinal lymph node enlargement at CT in patients with diffuse infiltrative lung disease. The study was retrospective and included 175 consecutive patients with diffuse infiltrative lung diseases. Diagnoses included idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) (n = 61), usual interstitial pneumonia associated with collagen vascular disease (CVD) (n = 20), idiopathic bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) (n = 22), extrinsic allergic alveolitis (EAA) (n = 17), and sarcoidosis (n = 55). Fifty-eight age-matched patients with CT of the chest performed for unrelated conditions served as controls. The presence, number, and sites of enlarged nodes (short axis {ge}10 mm in diameter) were recorded. Enlarged mediastinal nodes were present in 118 of 175 patients (67%) with infiltrative lung disease and 3 of 58 controls (5%) (p < 0.001). The prevalence of enlarged nodes was 84% (46 of 55) in sarcoidosis, 67% (41 of 61) in IPF, 70% (14 of 20) in CVD, 53% (9 of 17) in EAA, and 36% (8 of 22) in BOOP. The mean number of enlarged nodes was higher in sarcoidosis (mean 3.2) than in the other infiltrative diseases (mean 1.2) (p < 0.001). Enlarged nodes were most commonly present in station 10R, followed by 7, 4R, and 5. Patients with infiltrative lung disease frequently have enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes. However, in diseases other than sarcoid, usually only one or two nodes are enlarged and their maximal short axis diameter is <15 mm. 11 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  19. CT pathologic correlative study of BOOP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Though bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) was proposed as a new infiltrative lung disease in 1985, we think it has two radiologic problems. First, in spite of interstitial pneumonia, about half of chest radiographs of BOOP has been reported to show alveolar opacities. Second, because radiologic features of both some cases of BOOP and of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) show reticular shadows on chest radiographs, it is sometimes difficult to differentiate between two diseases. We correlated CT images with open lung biopsy specimens and evaluated CT's ability to differentiate BOOP from UIP. CT findings of all cases of BOOP were : 1) markedly increased dense infiltrates of various sizes which demarcated sharply from normal lung field. Air bronchogram was always present. 2) less dense images were seen which also stood out against the normal lung field. The former corresponded to air space consolidation formed by organized exudates and inflammatory cells within alveolar ducts and alveoli, while the latter indicated luminal and mural alveolitis. Both findings were sharply delineated from each other probably because of intervening interlobular septa. Conglomerated small cystic shadows and air bronchiolograms within areas of intense lung density were seen in CT images of most of 28 patients with UIP. Those findings proved to correspond to macroscopic or microscopic honey combing which were not seen in our cases of BOOP. These radiologic and pathologic features of UIP were different from those of BOOP. (author)

  20. Case 215: voriconazole-induced periostitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tailor, Tina D; Richardson, Michael L

    2015-03-01

    History A 74-year-old woman presented with multifocal bone pain, including pain in multiple ribs, bilateral shoulders, and bilateral hips. The pain began several months before presentation and was quite severe, ultimately necessitating control with narcotics. At examination, strength in both lower extremities was slightly reduced, sensation and reflexes were intact, and range of motion was full, though painful. There were no notable constitutional symptoms of fever or weight loss. Laboratory work-up was remarkable for elevated alkaline phosphatase level (277 U/L [4.6 mkat/L]). The patient had undergone left lung transplantation 8 years prior for pulmonary fibrosis. A thorough pulmonary work-up for the cause of fibrosis, which included gathering an exposure, occupational, allergy, and previous infectious history, and a rheumatoid work-up were negative. The patient's posttransplantation course was complicated by bronchiolitis obliterans from chronic rejection and by recent pulmonary embolism, for which she was undergoing anticoagulation therapy at the time of presentation. Additionally, the patient experienced repeated pulmonary infections with Aspergillus, leading to multiple hospitalizations and long-term antifungal prophylaxis with voriconazole. A bone scan from an outside hospital was reviewed, and further imaging was performed. PMID:25710343

  1. Exhaled nitric oxide in diagnosis and management of respiratory diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abba Abdullah

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of biomarkers in exhaled breath constituents has recently become of great interest in the diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of many respiratory conditions. Of particular interest is the measurement of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO in breath. Its measurement is noninvasive, easy and reproducible. The technique has recently been standardized by both American Thoracic Society and European Respiratory Society. The availability of cheap, portable and reliable equipment has made the assay possible in clinics by general physicians and, in the near future, at home by patients. The concentration of exhaled nitric oxide is markedly elevated in bronchial asthma and is positively related to the degree of esinophilic inflammation. Its measurement can be used in the diagnosis of bronchial asthma and titration of dose of steroids as well as to identify steroid responsive patients in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In primary ciliary dyskinesia, nasal NO is diagnostically low and of considerable value in diagnosis. Among lung transplant recipients, FENO can be of great value in the early detection of infection, bronchioloitis obliterans syndrome and rejection. This review discusses the biology, factors affecting measurement, and clinical application of FENO in the diagnosis and management of respiratory diseases.

  2. Thin-section computed tomography findings before and after azithromycin treatment of neutrophilic reversible lung allograft dysfunction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jong, Pim A. de [Department of Radiology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven (Belgium); Lung Transplantation Unit, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven (Belgium); University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Radiology, Utrecht (Netherlands); Vos, Robin; Verleden, Geert M.; Vanaudenaerde, Bart M. [Lung Transplantation Unit, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven (Belgium); Verschakelen, Johny A. [Department of Radiology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven (Belgium)

    2011-12-15

    Recently a novel subgroup of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) has been described in patients after lung transplantation with high neutrophil counts in broncho-alveolar lavage and recovery of lung functional decline with azithromycin treatment. We aimed to describe the thin-section computed tomography (CT) findings of these neutrophilic reversible allograft dysfunction (NRAD) patients before and after azithromycin. A cohort of 100 lung transplant recipients with BOS were treated with azithromycin and underwent lung function testing, broncho-alveolar lavage and CT before azithromycin treatment and during follow-up. The 200 CT data sets were scored for bronchial dilatation, mucus plugging, centrilobular abnormalities, airway wall thickening, consolidation, ground glass and end-expiratory air trapping. NRAD was characterized by more centrilobular abnormalities on CT (p = 0.03 for prevalence and p = 0.06 for severity) compared to non-responders. At follow-up NRAD patients showed improvement in all CT abnormalities including air trapping, but the degree of improvement in all CT abnormalities was significantly different between responders and non-responders (who showed progression of bronchus dilatation, consolidation and air trapping). Within BOS patients those with NRAD differ from azithromycin non-responders by more centrilobular abnormalities on CT before azithromycin and improvement in bronchus dilatation, consolidation and air trapping during treatment. (orig.)

  3. Analysis of radiation pneumonitis outside the radiation field in breast conserving therapy for early breast cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a retrospective study of radiation-induced pulmonary changes for patients with breast conserving therapy for early breast cancer, we sent questionnaires to the main hospitals in Japan. In this study, we analyzed pulmonary changes after tangential whole-breast irradiation. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors for radiation pneumonitis outside the radiation field. The questionnaires included patients data, therapy data, and lung injury information between August 1999 and May 2000. On the first questionnaires, answer letters were received from 107 institutions out of 158 (67.7%). On the second questionnaires, response rate (hospitals which had radiation pneumonitis outside the radiation field) was 21.7% (23/106). We could find no risk factors of this type of pneumonitis. We suggested that lung irradiation might trigger this type of pneumonitis which is clinically similar to BOOP (bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia). It developed in 1.5-2.1% among the patients with breast conserving surgery and tangential whole-breast irradiation. And it is likely appeared within 6 months after radiotherapy. (author)

  4. [Imaging features of drug-induced lung diseases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mellot, F; Scherrer, A

    2005-05-01

    Drug-induced lung diseases are an increasingly frequent cause of morbidity. Over 350 drugs are now recognized as being implicated in drug-induced lung diseases. Early diagnosis is critical. Discontinuing the drug may result in regression of the adverse effect. Diagnosis is based on a history of drug exposure with a temporal relationship between the introduction of the drug and the onset of symptoms, histologic evidence of lung damage and exclusion of other causes of lung injury. Unfortunately there is no specific test available. Histologic and radiologic findings are often non specific and diagnosis can be difficult. Drugs can cause a constellation of distinct patterns of respiratory involvement and all anatomic compartments of the lungs may be involved. The most common patterns are: non specific interstitial pneumonia and fibrosis, pulmonary eosinophilia, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, pulmonary edema with or without diffuse alveolar damage, bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia, pulmonary hemorrhage and vasculitis. It is important to be familiar with their common radiologic appearances. PMID:16106793

  5. Troubles with the foreskin: one hundred consecutive referrals to paediatric surgeons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huntley, J S; Bourne, M C; Munro, F D; Wilson-Storey, D

    2003-09-01

    To assess the reasons for and outcomes of referrals concerning the foreskin, 100 consecutive patients seen in paediatric clinics were followed to discharge. 18 referrals were for circumcision on religious grounds. Of the other 82, the main reason for referral was non-retractability or phimosis. At clinic, 24 (29%) of these were deemed normal for age, 31 (38%) were treated with topical steroid (successfully in 25), 9 (11%) were listed for preputioplasty, 7 (9%) were listed for adhesiolysis, 7 (9%) were listed for circumcision, and 4 were listed for other forms of surgery. 6 patients were identified as having balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO), a condition that had not been suggested on referral. With the advent of new treatments for foreskin disorders, circumcision is decreasingly necessary. Knowledge of the natural history of the foreskin, and the use of topical steroids, could shift the management of paediatric foreskin problems from the hospital outpatient department to primary care. BXO is not sufficiently recognized as a form of phimosis that requires operation. PMID:12949201

  6. Lichen sclerosus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yesudian, P D; Sugunendran, H; Bates, C M; O'Mahony, C

    2005-07-01

    Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the skin and mucosa, presenting to genitourinary physicians and dermatologists. It affects both sexes and all age groups. Although the exact aetiology is uncertain, genetic predisposition, infections and autoimmune factors have been implicated in its pathogenesis. Symptoms include pruritus and soreness, but asymptomatic presentations are not uncommon. The classical clinical picture is of atrophic white plaques in the anogenital region. Histopathology is specific with basal cell degeneration, upper dermal oedema, homogenization of collagen and a chronic inflammatory infiltrate. Short courses of potent topical corticosteroids form the mainstay of treatment. The condition tends to be remitting and relapsing, with spontaneous regressions reported in a few. In men, the term balanitis xerotica obliterans is sometimes used to describe late and severe LS of the penis. Scarring and progression to squamous cell carcinomas can occur in chronic LS, resulting in significant morbidity. A multidisciplinary approach to care and the need for long-term monitoring cannot be overemphasized. PMID:16004624

  7. [Current diagnosis and treatment of male genital lichen sclerosus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lü, Jun; Huang, Xiao-Dong

    2014-07-01

    Male genital lichen sclerosus (MGLSc) is a chronically relapsing disease characterized by a long course, gradual aggravation, and a tendency towards malignancy. Once called balanitis xerotica obliterans, MGLSc has a distinct predilection for the prepuce and glans, involving the urethra when aggravating, forming scarring tissues, and causing urethral stricture, which may seriously affect the patients'quality of life with such symptoms as urinary stream narrowing, dysuria, and painful penile erection. The etiology and pathogenesis of MGLSc have not yet been adequately explained though it is generally thought to be associated with autoimmune mechanism, genetic factors, infections, local trauma, and chronic urinary irritation. MGLSc can be fairly easily diagnosed according to its clinical manifestations and histopathological results, but can be hardly cured. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are the most important approaches, which may relieve its symptoms, check its progression, and prevent its long-term sequelae. Ultrapotent topical corticosteroids are the choice for the treatment of MGLSc. For those who fail to respond to expectant medication or have dysuria due to urethral stricture and painful erection, rational surgery may be resorted to, with importance attached to long-term follow-up. This article presents an update of the diagnosis and treatment of MGLSc and MGLSc-induced urethral stricture. PMID:25095613

  8. Emprego da submucosa intestinal suína em uretroplastias complexas The use of porcine intestinal submucosa for complex urethroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo César Rodrigues Palma

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available We report the use of Porcine Intestinal Submucosa (PIS in association with Johanson technique for urethroplasty, in the treatment of recurring urethral stenosis. The patient had obliterans xerotica balanitis and had previously undergone 15 internal uretotomies as well as various unsuccessful urethral dilations. As a result of stenotic extension, another surgery was planned using Johanson technique. During the first part of the surgery, intense local fibrosis was observed, which required greater care and protection to avoid fistulae formation. PIS was interposed to reduce the chances of the occurrence of this dreaded complication. During the second part of the surgery, a skin flap obtained from tissue parallel to the urethral plateau was used to prepare a neourethra according to the norms of this technique. PIS was fixed at its extremities, and interposed between the neourethral suture and the skin suture to prevent any contact between them. The procedure was completed with the use of meatoplasty and glandulaplasty. After 6-month follow up, clinical and urodynamic improvement could be seen. If these results can be confirmed by more extensive studies, PIS will provide new perspectives for complex urethroplasties.

  9. Two-stage repair in hypospadias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haxhirexha, K N; Castagnetti, M; Rigamonti, W; Manzoni, G A

    2008-04-01

    We provide the reader with a nonsystematic review concerning the use of the two-stage approach in hypospadias repairs. A one-stage approach using the tubularized incised plate urethroplasty is a well-standardized approach for the most cases of hypospadias. Nevertheless, in some primary severe cases, in most hypospadias failures and in selected patients with balanitis xerotica obliterans a two-stage approach is preferable. During the first stage the penis is straightened, if necessary and the urethral plate is substituted with a graft of either genital (prepuce) or extragenital origin (oral mucosa or postauricular skin). During the second stage, performed around 6 months later, urethroplasty is accomplished by graft tubulization. Graft take is generally excellent, with only few cases requiring an additional inlay patch at second stage due to graft contracture. A staged approach allows for both excellent cosmetic results and a low morbidity including an overall 6% fistula rate and 2% stricture rate. Complications usually occur in the first year after the second stage and are higher in secondary repairs. Complications tend to decrease as experience increases and use of additional waterproofing layers contributes to reduce the fistula rate significantly. Long-term cosmetic results are excellent, but voiding and ejaculatory problems may occur in as much as 40% of cases if a long urethral tube is constructed. The procedure has a step learning curve but because of its technical simplicity does not require to be confined only to highly specialized centers. PMID:19468402

  10. Disaster at Bhopal: the accident, early findings and respiratory health outlook in those injured.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weill, H

    1987-01-01

    In December, 1984, in Bhopal, India, a massive leak of methyl isocyanate (MIC) resulted from operational and equipment malfunctions in a pesticide plant. Many thousands of residents of the city, most in proximity to the plant, suffered sublethal and lethal respiratory injuries, the expected consequences of high-level exposure to this type of potent irritant chemical vapour. Animal toxicologic information was limited prior to the accident, but has since confirmed that the lung is the major target of these lethal injuries, invariably with pulmonary oedema. Early concerns regarding acute cyanide intoxication were not supported by subsequent scientific inquiry. Superficial corneal erosions did not result in permanent eye injury. The primary medical (and, presumably, legal) issue which is unresolved, and perhaps unresolvable, is the incidence and determinants of long-term respiratory injury in the survivors. Available evidence, which is limited, suggests that chronic damage, when present, is, or resembles, fibrosing bronchiolitis obliterans, the expected consequence when permanent injury results from acute, high-level irritant gas exposure. Definition of the follow-up population is uncertain, and exposure information is lacking. Dose-response relationships are not likely to emerge from follow-up studies. PMID:3453752

  11. High-resolution computed tomography of the lungs in pediatric patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the introduction of the high-resolution technique more than ten years ago, HRCT has become an established modality for diagnosing diseases of the respiratory system. This is especially true for the diagnosis of lung diseases in adults. Experience in HRCT of the lungs is limited in pediatric patients. This review gives an overview of frequent and less frequent HRCT findings in pulmonary diseases in childhood. A purely reticular pattern is rarely observed in infants. Pulmonary diseases associated with overinflation are relatively frequent. Paired inspiratory-expiratory scans combine morphological analysis with functional information and have improved the diagnosis of air trapping, e.g. in post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans or bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Especially in children the high radiation exposure is a problem. Even when applying a low-dose protocol the radiation dose of HRCT will still exceed the dose of a chest X-ray by 100 times. The indication for pediatric pulmonary HRCT is limited to selected cases and it should be decided in agreement with the pediatric radiologists and the pediatric pulmonologists. (orig.)

  12. Genome-Wide Association Study Identifies Candidate Loci Associated with Platelet Count in Koreans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Ji Hee; Kim, Yun Kyoung; Moon, Sanghoon; Kim, Young Jin

    2014-01-01

    Platelets are derived from the fragments that are formed from the cytoplasm of bone marrow megakaryocytes-small irregularly shaped anuclear cells. Platelets respond to vascular damage, contracts blood vessels, and attaches to the damaged region, thereby stopping bleeding, together with the action of blood coagulation factors. Platelet activation is known to affect genes associated with vascular risk factors, as well as with arteriosclerosis and myocardial infarction. Here, we performed a genome-wide association study with 352,228 single-nucleotide polymorphisms typed in 8,842 subjects of the Korea Association Resource (KARE) project and replicated the results in 7,861 subjects from an independent population. We identified genetic associations between platelet count and common variants nearby chromosome 4p16.1 (p = 1.46 × 10-10, in the KIAA0232 gene), 6p21 (p = 1.36 × 10-7, in the BAK1 gene), and 12q24.12 (p = 1.11 × 10-15, in the SH2B3 gene). Our results illustrate the value of large-scale discovery and a focus for several novel research avenues. PMID:25705162

  13. Ultrasonic Measurement of Common Carotid Intima-Media Thickness in Type 2 Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Diabetes mellitus is a widespread disease. Its vascular complications can be characterized by arteriosclerosis formation in carotid arteries. Due to its delayed diagnosis resulting in more complications in Iran, it seems that screening diabetic patients is mandatory. The aim of this study was to compare the intima-media thickness (IMT) of carotid artery in diabetic and non-diabetic patients. This is a cross-sectional study, which included 80 participants (40 diabetics and 40 non-diabetics). By using ultrasound, bilateral IMTs of the distal carotid were measured and the data were analyzed using ANOVA and multivariate regression tests in SPSS 14. The mean IMT was 0.97 in diabetic patients and 0.63 in non-diabetics (P < 0.001). Age and gender had significant positive effects on the increase of IMT (P < 0.05 and P < 0.005, respectively for age and gender). Past medical history of coronary heart disease (CHD) and cerebrovascular accident (CVA) in diabetes is associated significantly with an increase in IMT (P =0.019 and 0.027 respectively). Other confounding variables such as smoking, history of hypertension (HTN) and hyperlipoproteinemia (HLP) in diabetic patients showed no significant relationship with the increase of IMT. Although measuring the IMT of the carotid artery by sonography is a useful tool for screening diabetic patients, more studies are needed for determining how to use these measurements in promoting the patients outcomes

  14. Metabolic syndrome in Japanese diagnosed with visceral fat measurement by computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The metabolic syndrome represents an aggregation of cardiovascular risk factors including obesity, raised blood pressure, impaired glucose tolerance, and dyslipidemia that are associated with increased incidence of arteriosclerosis. Evidence accumulated indicates that the visceral fat accumulation is essential in the development of the syndrome. To investigate the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in Japan, we analyzed cross-sectional data from 3574 middle aged Japanese (2947 men and 627 women, aged 40-59 years) in a large company, whose visceral fat accumulation was assessed by computed tomography. We employed receiver operation characteristic analysis to identify the optimal visceral fat area (VFA) value that has the sensitivity and the specificity to predict the presence of at least two components of the syndrome in an individual. The sensitivities and the specificities for men were 0.67 and 0.60 at VFA of 100 cm2, and for women, 0.73 and 0.70 at VFA of 65 cm2, respectively. Waist circumferences that corresponded to the VFA cutoff were 86.0 cm for men, and 77.0 cm for women. Using 100 cm2 in men and 65 cm2 in women as the criteria of visceral adiposity, the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 25.5% in men and 11.0% in women. Although obesity is less prevalent than in western countries, the metabolic syndrome is substantially widespread in Japan. (author)

  15. Capacitive Micromachined Ultrasonic Transducer Arrays for Integrated Diagnostic/Therapeutic Catheters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Serena H.; Wygant, Ira O.; Yeh, David T.; Zhuang, Xuefeng; Bayram, Baris; Kupnik, Mario; Oralkan, Omer; Ergun, A. Sanli; Yaralioglu, Goksen G.; Khuri-Yakub, Butrus T.

    2006-05-01

    In recent years, medical procedures have become increasingly non-invasive. These include endoscopic procedures and intracardiac interventions (e.g., pulmonary vein isolation for treatment of atrial fibrillation and plaque ablation for treatment of arteriosclerosis). However, current tools suffer from poor visualization and difficult coordination of multiple therapeutic and imaging devices. Dual-mode (imaging and therapeutic) ultrasound arrays provide a solution to these challenges. A dual-mode transducer can provide focused, noncontact ultrasound suitable for therapy and can be used to provide high quality real-time images for navigation and monitoring of the procedure. In the last decade, capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers (CMUTs), have become an attractive option for ultrasonic imaging systems due to their fabrication flexibility, improved bandwidth, and integration with electronics. The CMUT's potential in therapeutic applications has also been demonstrated by surface output pressures as high as 1MPa peak to peak and continuous wave (CW) operation. This paper reviews existing interventional CMUT arrays, demonstrates the feasibility of CMUTs for high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), and presents a design for the next-generation CMUTs for integrated imaging and HIFU endoscopic catheters.

  16. Increased activity of chondroitin sulfate-synthesizing enzymes during proliferation of arterial smooth muscle cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cultured arterial smooth muscle cells incorporate [35S]sulfate into the extracellular chondroitin sulfate/dermatan sulfate containing proteoglycans at a higher rate in the phase of logarithmic growth than do non-dividing cells. The cell growth-dependent decrease in 35S incorporation with increasing cell density is accompanied by a decrease in the activity of chondroitin sulfate-synthesizing enzymes. The specific activity of xylosyl transferase, N-acetylgalactosaminyl transferase I and chondroitin sulfotransferase declines as the cells proceed from low to high densities. The corresponding correlation coefficients are 0.86, 0.91 and 0.89. The ratio of C-60H/C-40H sulfation of chondroitin shows a cell proliferation-dependent decrease indicating an inverse correlation of chondroitin 6-sulfotransferase and chondroitin 4-sulfotransferase activity. The observed changes in the expression of enzyme activities are thought to have some implications in the pathogenesis of arteriosclerosis, the initial stages of which are characterized by proliferation of arterial smooth muscle cells

  17. Increased activity of chondroitin sulfate-synthesizing enzymes during proliferation of arterial smooth muscle cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hollmann, J.; Thiel, J.; Schmidt, A.; Buddecke, E.

    1986-12-01

    Cultured arterial smooth muscle cells incorporate (/sup 35/S)sulfate into the extracellular chondroitin sulfate/dermatan sulfate containing proteoglycans at a higher rate in the phase of logarithmic growth than do non-dividing cells. The cell growth-dependent decrease in /sup 35/S incorporation with increasing cell density is accompanied by a decrease in the activity of chondroitin sulfate-synthesizing enzymes. The specific activity of xylosyl transferase, N-acetylgalactosaminyl transferase I and chondroitin sulfotransferase declines as the cells proceed from low to high densities. The corresponding correlation coefficients are 0.86, 0.91 and 0.89. The ratio of C-60H/C-40H sulfation of chondroitin shows a cell proliferation-dependent decrease indicating an inverse correlation of chondroitin 6-sulfotransferase and chondroitin 4-sulfotransferase activity. The observed changes in the expression of enzyme activities are thought to have some implications in the pathogenesis of arteriosclerosis, the initial stages of which are characterized by proliferation of arterial smooth muscle cells.

  18. Genomics in cardiovascular diseases: analysis of the importance of the toll-like receptor signaling pathway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bustamante J

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available J Bustamante,1 E Tamayo,2 J Herreros3,41Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Hospital Universitario La Princesa, Madrid, 2Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Hospital Clinico Universitario de Valladolid, Valladolid, 3Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Hospital Universitario Valdecilla, Santander, 4Biomedical Engineering Institute of Santander, Santander, SpainAbstract: The development of techniques for genomics study makes it possible for us to further our knowledge about the physiopathology of various immunological or infectious diseases. These techniques improve our understanding of the development and evolution of such diseases, including those of cardiovascular origin, whilst they help to bring about the design of new therapeutic strategies. We are reviewing the genetic alterations of immunity in said field, and focusing on the signaling pathway of toll-like receptors because not only does this play a decisive role in response to microorganisms, it is also heavily involved in modulating the inflammatory response to tissue damage, a side effect of numerous cardiovascular diseases. These alterations in tissue homeostasis are present under a wide range of circumstances, such as reperfusion ischemia (myocardial infarction phenomena, arteriosclerosis, or valvulopathy.Keywords: genome-wide association study, single-nucleotide polymorphism, innate immune system, ischemic/reperfusion, myocardial infarction

  19. Primary experience on double access technique to treat chronic total occlusion in lower extremity artery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To estimate the security and effectiveness of double access technique to treat chronic total occlusion in lower extremity artery. Method: Fifty four patients,who had lower limb arteriosclerosis and accepted failed endovascular treatment because of unable to reenter true lumen through antegrade access, were treated immediately in double access style to recanalize occluded artery (including 27 patients of dorsalis pedis artery puncture,17 patients of posterior tibial artery puncture, 5 patients of proximal anterior tibial artery puncture and 5 patients of distal superficial femoral artery puncture). Evaluate the revascularization rate, complication rate and 6-month limb salvage rate of double access technique, t test was used to compare the ABI. Results: Revascularization rate was 98.2% (53/54), average puncture frequency of every case was 6 (the first access was 2 in every patient, the second access was 4 in every patient), average treatment time was 167 minutes,complication rate was 5.6% (3/54), 2 patients were occlusion in puncture segment of the second access, 1 patient was hematoma in the second access point. 6-month ABI after intervention increased from 0.44 ±0.13 to 0.69 ±0.15, 6-month limb salvage rate was 100%. Conclusion: For chronic total occlusion, double access is a feasible technique to deal with unable to reenter true lumen through antegrade access,the complication rate is low, the primary limb salvage rate is relatively high. (authors)

  20. An Update on the Use of Animal Models in Diabetic Nephropathy Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betz, Boris; Conway, Bryan R

    2016-02-01

    In the current review, we discuss limitations and recent advances in animal models of diabetic nephropathy (DN). As in human disease, genetic factors may determine disease severity with the murine FVB and DBA/2J strains being more susceptible to DN than C57BL/6J mice. On the black and tan, brachyuric (BTBR) background, leptin deficient (ob/ob) mice develop many of the pathological features of human DN. Hypertension synergises with hyperglycemia to promote nephropathy in rodents. Moderately hypertensive endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS(-/-)) deficient diabetic mice develop hyaline arteriosclerosis and nodular glomerulosclerosis and induction of renin-dependent hypertension in diabetic Cyp1a1mRen2 rats mimics moderately severe human DN. In addition, diabetic eNOS(-/-) mice and Cyp1a1mRen2 rats recapitulate many of the molecular pathways activated in the human diabetic kidney. However, no model exhibits all the features of human DN; therefore, researchers should consider biochemical, pathological, and transcriptomic data in selecting the most appropriate model to study their molecules and pathways of interest. PMID:26814757

  1. Recent developments in antiangiogenic therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dredge, Keith; Dalgleish, Angus G; Marriott, J Blake

    2002-12-01

    The use of antiangiogenic therapy is gaining momentum as a novel treatment for a number of conditions, ranging from cancer to psoriasis. This has stemmed from research in the early 1970s showing that the formation of new blood vessels by pre-existing endothelial cells is essential in tumour growth and progression. However, although antiangiogenic therapy was hailed as a new avenue of treatment for cancer, initial clinical data have been disappointing. This has led to the reassessment of antiangiogenic therapy for cancer, and new strategies have been proposed to increase the efficacy of these agents in this setting. Angiogenesis has also been implicated in other conditions that are notoriously difficult to treat, such as arteriosclerosis, arthritis, psoriasis and diabetic retinopathy. Increased understanding of the angiogenic process, the diversity of its inducers and mediators, appropriate drug schedules and the use of these agents with other modalities may lead to radically new treatment regimens for many of these conditions. The role of angiogenesis in different pathological settings, and emerging antiangiogenic agents currently in preclinical and clinical studies are discussed in this review. However, while potential benefits are profound, limitations of antiangiogenic therapy have also been identified, suggesting that there is also a need for caution in applying these compounds to the clinical setting. PMID:12517273

  2. Estimation of local pulse wave velocity using arterial diameter waveforms: Experimental validation in sheep

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Increased arterial stiffness is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. Estimation of arterial stiffness using local pulse wave velocity (PWV) promises to be very useful for noninvasive diagnosis of arteriosclerosis. In this work we estimated in an instrumented sheep, the local aortic pulse wave velocity using two sonomicrometry diameter sensors (separated 7.5 cm) according to the transit time method (PWVTT) with a sampling rate of 4 KHz. We simultaneously measured aortic pressure in order to determine from pressure-diameter loops (PWVPDLoop), the true local aortic pulse wave velocity. A pneumatic cuff occluder was implanted in the aorta in order to compare both methods under a wide range of pressure levels. Mean pressure values ranged from 47 to 101 mmHg and mean proximal diameter values from 12.5. to 15.2 mm. There were no significant differences between PWVTT and PWVPDLoop values (451±43 vs. 447±48 cm/s, p = ns, paired t-test). Both methods correlated significantly (R = 0.81, p<0.05). The mean difference between both methods was only 4±29 cm/s, whereas the range of the limits of agreement (mean ± 2 standard deviation) was -61 to +53 cm/s, showing no trend. In conclusion, the diameter waveforms transit time method was found to allow an accurate and precise estimation of the local aortic PWV.

  3. Plaque morphology after arterial interventions in the New Zealand White Rabbit - Which restenosis model is most suitable?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: For evaluation of therapy for possible reduction of restenosis after PTA a suitable animal model is needed. The influence of different interventions on arterial plaque composition was analysed in New Zealand White Rabbits. Material and methods: The following interventions were performed in the infrarenal aorta of New Zealand White Rabbits (n=42): (a) Balloon denudation (BD) with and (b) without 0.5% cholesterol diet (CD), (c) application of a Wiktor stent, (d) CF without BD, and (e) control group. 6 weeks after intervention morphometry and histology were performed. Results: After BD the stenosis rate measured 26±18%, additional CD after prior BD increased the stenoses rate by 2.5 times up to 61.1%. After stent implantation there was only a thin neointimal layer (89±68 μm) around the stent wires. Conclusions: Neither implantation of stents nor single CD are suitable as restenosis models. BD with and without CD was followed by a distinct neointima formation with different cellular composition. The New Zealand White Rabbit constitutes an acceptable model for contemporary research in arteriosclerosis. (orig.)

  4. Identifying All True Vessels from Segmented Retinal Images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Delucta Mary

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Measurements of retinal blood vessel morphology have been shown to be related to the risk of cardiovascular diseases. The wrong identification of vessels may result in a large variation of these measurements, leading to a wrong clinical diagnosis Both the arteries and veins of the retina are generally binary trees, whose properties can be considered either locally or globally. Measurable geometrical changes in diameter, branching angle, length, or tortuosity, as a result of disease, have been described in retinal blood vessels. The detection and measurement of retinal blood vessels can be used to quantify the severity of disease such as hypertension, stroke and arteriosclerosis, as part of the process of automated diagnosis of disease or in the assessment of the progression of therapy. Thus, a reliable method of vessel detection and quantification would be valuable. In this paper, we address the problem of identifying true vessels as a postprocessing step to vascular structure segmentation. We model the segmented vascular structure as a vessel segment graph and formulate the problem of identifying vessels as one of finding the optimal forest in the graph given a set of constraints.

  5. IDENTIFYING ALL TRUE VESSELS FROM SEGMENTED RETINAL IMAGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Delucta Mary

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Measurements of retinal blood vessel morphology have been shown to be related to the risk of cardiovascular diseases. The wrong identification of vessels may result in a large variation of these measurements, leading to a wrong clinical diagnosis Both the arteries and veins of the retina are generally binary trees, whose properties can be considered either locally or globally. Measurable geometrical changes in diameter, branching angle, length, or tortuosity, as a result of disease, have been described in retinal blood vessels. The detection and measurement of retinal blood vessels can be used to quantify the severity of disease such as hypertension, stroke and arteriosclerosis, as part of the process of automated diagnosis of disease or in the assessment of the progression of therapy. Thus, a reliable method of vessel detection and quantification would be valuable. In this paper, we address the problem of identifying true vessels as a postprocessing step to vascular structure segmentation. We model the segmented vascular structure as a vessel segment graph and formulate the problem of identifying vessels as one of finding the optimal forest in the graph given a set of constraints.

  6. Contrast Medium-induced Nephropathy. Aspects on Incidence, Consequences, Risk Factors, and Prevention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulf Nyman

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Contrast media-induced nephropathy (CIN is a well-known complication of radiological examinations employing iodine contrast media (I-CM. The rapid development and frequent use of coronary interventions and multi-channel detector computed tomography with concomitant administration of relatively large doses of I-CM has contributed to an increasing number of CIN cases during the last few years. Reduced renal function, especially when caused by diabetic nephropathy or renal arteriosclerosis, in combination with dehydration, congestive heart failure, hypotension, and administration of nephrotoxic drugs are risk factors for the development of CIN.When CM-based examinations cannot be replaced by other techniques in patients at risk of CIN, focus should be directed towards analysis of number and type of risk factors, adequate estimation of GFR, institution of proper preventive measures including hydration and post-procedural observation combined with surveillance of serum creatinine for 1-3 days. For the radiologist, there are several steps to consider in order to minimise the risk for CIN: use of “low-“ or “iso-osmolar” I-CM and dosing the I-CM in relation to GFR and body weight being the most important as well as utilizing radiographic techniques to keep the I-CM dose in gram iodine as low as possible below the numerical value of estimated GFR. There is as yet no pharmacological prevention that has been proven to be effective.

  7. A new screening pathway for identifying asymptomatic patients using dental panoramic radiographs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, Tatsuro; Matsumoto, Takuya; Sawagashira, Tsuyoshi; Tagami, Motoki; Katsumata, Akitoshi; Hayashi, Yoshinori; Muramatsu, Chisako; Zhou, Xiangrong; Iida, Yukihiro; Matsuoka, Masato; Katagi, Kiyoji; Fujita, Hiroshi

    2012-03-01

    To identify asymptomatic patients is the challenging task and the essential first step in diagnosis. Findings of dental panoramic radiographs include not only dental conditions but also radiographic signs that are suggestive of possible systemic diseases such as osteoporosis, arteriosclerosis, and maxillary sinusitis. Detection of such signs on panoramic radiographs has a potential to provide supplemental benefits for patients. However, it is not easy for general dental practitioners to pay careful attention to such signs. We addressed the development of a computer-aided detection (CAD) system that detects radiographic signs of pathology on panoramic images, and the design of the framework of new screening pathway by cooperation of dentists and our CAD system. The performance evaluation of our CAD system showed the sensitivity and specificity in the identification of osteoporotic patients were 92.6 % and 100 %, respectively, and those of the maxillary sinus abnormality were 89.6 % and 73.6 %, respectively. The detection rate of carotid artery calcifications that suggests the need for further medical evaluation was approximately 93.6 % with 4.4 false-positives per image. To validate the utility of the new screening pathway, preliminary clinical trials by using our CAD system were conducted. To date, 223 panoramic images were processed and 4 asymptomatic patients with suspected osteoporosis, 7 asymptomatic patients with suspected calcifications, and 40 asymptomatic patients with suspected maxillary sinusitis were detected in our initial trial. It was suggested that our new screening pathway could be useful to identify asymptomatic patients with systemic diseases.

  8. NANOROBOTICS IN ADVANCES IN PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DEEPA R. PARMAR

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Nanorobotics is the technology of creating machines or robots at or close to the scale of a nanometre (10-9 metres, machines constructed at the molecular level (nanomachines may be used to cure the human body of its various ills. This application of nanotechnology to the field of medicine is commonly called as nanomedicine.Nanotechnology promises futuristic applications such as microscopic robots that assemble other machines or travel inside the body to deliver drugs or do microsurgery. Taking inspiration from the biological motors of living cells, chemists are learning how to utilize protein dynamics to power microsize and nanosize machines with catalytic reactions. Nanorobot?s toolkit contains features like medicine cavity containing medicine, probes, knives and chisels to remove blockages and plaque, microwave emitters and ultrasonic signal generators to destroy cancerous cells, two electrodes generating an electric current, heating the cell up until it dies, powerful lasers could burn away harmful material like arterial plaque.To cure skin diseases, a cream containing nanorobots may be used which remove the right amount of dead skin, remove excess oils, add missing oils, apply the right amounts of natural moisturising compounds, and even achieve the elusive goal of ’deep pore cleaning’.other fields of applications are to clean the wounds,to break the kidney stones, to treat gout, for parasite removal, for cancer treatment, treatment of arteriosclerosis.

  9. Serum Osteoprotegerin Is Associated With Calcified Carotid Plaque: A Strobe-Compliant Observational Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Ami; Choi, Yun-Seok; Choi, Yong-Won; Chung, Woo-Baek; Park, Chul-Soo; Chung, Wook-Sung; Lee, Man-Young; Youn, Ho-Joong

    2016-04-01

    Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a kind of tumor necrosis factor, which is related to bone metabolism and vascular calcification. The increase of Osteoprotegerin concentration in serum is related to cardiovascular diseases in humans. The purpose of this study was to figure out the relevance between osteoprotegerin in serum and carotid calcification.Serum OPG concentrations were compared in 145 patients who underwent carotid sonography (average age: 68 ± 9 years old, male: female = 81:64). A calcified plaque (CP) (37 people [27%]), a noncalcified plaque (NCP) (54 people [37%]), and a nonplaque (NP) (54 people [37%]) were classified for this study.No significant differences among 3 groups were demonstrated in the distribution of age, diabetes, high blood pressure, and hyperlipidemia. Serum osteoprotegerin concentrations were significantly increased in CP group rather than NCP group or NP group; (median [interquartile range], 4016 [1410] vs 3210 [1802] pg/mL, P calcification in carotid artery disease had an increased serum OPG concentration, so it could consider that OPG plays an important function on calcification related to arteriosclerosis. PMID:27082605

  10. Anti-Glycation Effects of Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) Fruit Extract and Its Components in Vivo and in Vitro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumagai, Yuya; Nakatani, Sachie; Onodera, Hideaki; Nagatomo, Akifumi; Nishida, Norihisa; Matsuura, Yoichi; Kobata, Kenji; Wada, Masahiro

    2015-09-01

    Accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) leads to various diseases such as diabetic complications and arteriosclerosis. In this study, we examined the effect of pomegranate fruit extract (PFE) and its constituent polyphenols on AGE formation in vivo and in vitro. PFE, fed with a high-fat and high-sucrose (HFS) diet to KK-A(y) mice, significantly reduced glycation products such as glycoalbumin (22.0 ± 2.4%), hemoglobin A1c (5.84 ± 0.23%), and serum AGEs (8.22 ± 0.17 μg/mL), as compared to a control HFS group (30.6 ± 2.6%, 7.45 ± 0.12%, and 9.55 ± 0.17 μg/mL, respectively, P < 0.05). In antiglycation assays, PFE, punicalin, punicalagin, ellagic acid, and gallic acid suppressed the formation of AGEs from bovine serum albumin and sugars. In this study, we discuss the mechanism of the antiglycation effects of PFE and its components in vivo and in vitro. PMID:26242637

  11. Diffusion-weighted and PET/MR Imaging after Radiation Therapy for Malignant Head and Neck Tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varoquaux, Arthur; Rager, Olivier; Dulguerov, Pavel; Burkhardt, Karim; Ailianou, Angeliki; Becker, Minerva

    2015-01-01

    Interpreting imaging studies of the irradiated neck constitutes a challenge because of radiation therapy-induced tissue alterations, the variable appearances of recurrent tumors, and functional and metabolic phenomena that mimic disease. Therefore, morphologic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, diffusion-weighted (DW) imaging, positron emission tomography with computed tomography (PET/CT), and software fusion of PET and MR imaging data sets are increasingly used to facilitate diagnosis in clinical practice. Because MR imaging and PET often yield complementary information, PET/MR imaging holds promise to facilitate differentiation of tumor recurrence from radiation therapy-induced changes and complications. This review focuses on clinical applications of DW and PET/MR imaging in the irradiated neck and discusses the added value of multiparametric imaging to solve diagnostic dilemmas. Radiologists should understand key features of radiation therapy-induced tissue alterations and potential complications seen at DW and PET/MR imaging, including edema, fibrosis, scar tissue, soft-tissue necrosis, bone and cartilage necrosis, cranial nerve palsy, and radiation therapy-induced arteriosclerosis, brain necrosis, and thyroid disorders. DW and PET/MR imaging also play a complementary role in detection of residual and recurrent disease. Interpretation pitfalls due to technical, functional, and metabolic phenomena should be recognized and avoided. Familiarity with DW and PET/MR imaging features of expected findings, potential complications, and treatment failure after radiation therapy increases diagnostic confidence when interpreting images of the irradiated neck. Online supplemental material is available for this article. PMID:26252192

  12. C-reactive protein inhibits survivin expression via Akt/mTOR pathway downregulation by PTEN expression in cardiac myocytes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beom Seob Lee

    Full Text Available C-reactive protein (CRP is one of the most important biomarkers for arteriosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Recent studies have shown that CRP affects cell cycle and inflammatory process in cardiac myocytes. Survivin is also involved in cardiac myocytes replication and apoptosis. Reduction of survivin expression is associated with less favorable cardiac remodeling in animal models. However, the effect of CRP on survivin expression and its cellular mechanism has not yet been studied. We demonstrated that treatment of CRP resulted in a significant decrease of survivin protein expression in a concentration-dependent manner in cardiac myocytes. The upstream signaling proteins of survivin, such as Akt, mTOR and p70S6K, were also downregulated by CRP treatment. In addition, CRP increased the protein and mRNA levels of PTEN. The siRNA transfection or specific inhibitor treatment for PTEN restored the CRP-induced downregulation of Akt/mTOR/p70S6K pathway and survivin protein expression. Moreover, pretreatment with a specific p53 inhibitor decreased the CRP-induced PTEN expression. ERK-specific inhibitor also blocked the p53 phosphorylation and PTEN expression induced by CRP. Our study provides a novel insight into CRP-induced downregulation of survivin protein expression in cardiac myocytes through mechanisms that involved in downregulation of Akt/mTOR/p70S6K pathway by expression of PTEN.

  13. Quercetin-3-O-glucuronide induces ABCA1 expression by LXRα activation in murine macrophages

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ohara, Kazuaki, E-mail: Kazuaki_Ohara@kirin.co.jp [Research Laboratories for Health Science and Food Technologies, Kirin Company Limited, 1-13-5 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-0004 (Japan); Wakabayashi, Hideyuki [Laboratory for New Product Development, Kirin Beverage Company Limited, 1-17-1 Namamugi, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-8628 (Japan); Taniguchi, Yoshimasa [Research Laboratories for Health Science and Food Technologies, Kirin Company Limited, 1-13-5 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-0004 (Japan); Shindo, Kazutoshi [Department of Food and Nutrition, Japan Women’s University, 2-8-1 Mejirodai, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8681 (Japan); Yajima, Hiroaki [Research Laboratories for Health Science and Food Technologies, Kirin Company Limited, 1-13-5 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-0004 (Japan); Yoshida, Aruto [Central Laboratories for Key Technologies, Kirin Company Limited, 1-13-5 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-0004 (Japan)

    2013-11-29

    Highlights: •The major circulating quercetin metabolite (Q3GA) activated LXRα. •Q3GA induced ABCA1 via LXRα activation in macrophages. •Nelumbo nucifera leaf extracts contained quercetin glycosides. •N. nucifera leaf extract feeding elevated HDLC in mice. -- Abstract: Reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) removes excess cholesterol from macrophages to prevent atherosclerosis. ATP-binding cassette, subfamily A, member 1 (ABCA1) is a crucial cholesterol transporter involved in RCT to produce high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDLC), and is transcriptionally regulated by liver X receptor alpha (LXRα), a nuclear receptor. Quercetin is a widely distributed flavonoid in edible plants which prevented atherosclerosis in an animal model. We found that quercetin-3-O-glucuronide (Q3GA), a major quercetin metabolite after absorption from the digestive tract, enhanced ABCA1 expression, in vitro, via LXRα in macrophages. In addition, leaf extracts of a traditional Asian edible plant, Nelumbo nucifera (NNE), which contained abundant amounts of quercetin glycosides, significantly elevated plasma HDLC in mice. We are the first to present experimental evidence that Q3GA induced ABCA1 in macrophages, and to provide an alternative explanation to previous studies on arteriosclerosis prevention by quercetin.

  14. Application Effect of Conjugated Linoleic Acid in Pig Production%共轭亚油酸在养猪生产中的应用效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓红

    2011-01-01

    Conjugated linoleic acid is a kind of unsaturated fatty acid, which is a safe and update feed additive, with anti-cancer, arteriosclerosis resistance, immunity enhancement, body fat deposits reduction and bone formation promotion and other biological functions. In this paper, the structure of conjugated linoleic acid and its application effect in pig production were prospected.%共轭亚油酸是一种不饱和脂肪酸,是安全性较高的新型饲料添加剂,具有抗癌、抗动脉硬化、增强机体免疫、降低体脂肪沉积及促进骨生成等生物学功能。文章综述了共轭亚油酸的结构及其养猪生产中的应用效果,展望了共轭亚油酸在养猪业中的应用前景。

  15. Evaluation of phenolic compounds in maté ( Ilex paraguariensis) processed by gamma radiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furgeri, C.; Nunes, T. C. F.; Fanaro, G. B.; Souza, M. F. F.; Bastos, D. H. M.; Villavicencio, A. L. C. H.

    2009-07-01

    The radiation food processing has been demonstrating great effectiveness in the attack of pathogenic agents, while little compromising nutritional value and sensorial properties of foods. The maté ( Ilex paraguariensis), widely consumed product in South America, generally in the form of infusions with hot or cold water, calls of chimarrão or tererê, it is cited in literature as one of the best sources phenolic compounds. The antioxidants action of these constituent has been related to the protection of the organism against the free radicals, generated in alive, currently responsible for the sprouting of some degenerative illness as cancer, arteriosclerosis, rheumatic arthritis and cardiovascular clutters among others. The objective of that work was to evaluate the action of the processing for gamma radiation in phenolic compounds of tererê beverage in the doses of 0, 3, 5, 7 and 10 kGy. The observed results do not demonstrate significant alterations in phenolic compounds of tererê beverage processed by gamma radiation.

  16. Do the health claims made for Morinda citrifolia (Noni) harmonize with current scientific knowledge and evaluation of its biological effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Rakesh Kumar; Patel, Amit Kumar

    2013-01-01

    Morinda citrifolia, also known as Great Morinda, Indian Mulberry, or Noni, is a plant belonging to the family Rubiaceae. A number of major chemical compounds have been identified in the leaves, roots, and fruits of Noni plant. The fruit juice is in high demand in alternative medicine for different kinds for illnesses such as arthritis, diabetes, high blood pressure, muscle ached and pains, menstrual difficulties, headache, heart diseases, AIDS, gastric ulcer, sprains, mental depression, senility, poor digestion, arteriosclerosis, blood vessel problems, and drug addiction. Several studies have also demonstrated the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and apoptosis-inducing effect of Noni in various cancers. Based on a toxicological assessment, Noni juice was considered as safe. Though a large number of in vitro, and, to a certain extent, in vivo studies demonstrated a range of potentially beneficial effects, clinical data are essentially lacking. To what extent the findings from experimental pharmacological studies are of potential clinical relevance is not clear at present and this question needs to be explored in detail before an recommendations can be made. PMID:24083691

  17. Evaluation of the Ca2+ distribution in aortic tissue of spontaneously hypertensive and normotensive rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the present study, particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) was used to get information on the spatial distribution of Ca2+ in aortas of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive controls aged 1 week, 4 weeks, and 12 weeks. To differentiate changes in Ca2+ metabolism in hypertensive arteries from secondary phenomena due to the arteriosclerosis, the animals were examined in the earliest stage of hypertension. It was found that the Ca2+ content was not elevated in the aortic smooth muscle of SHR aged 1 week (n = 11), as compared to normotensive controls (n = 10) (186.8 +/- 89.9 micrograms Ca2+/g tissue v 254.0 +/- 173.3 micrograms Ca2+/g). The Ca2+ content was raised (P less than .05) in the aortic smooth muscle of SHR aged 4 weeks (n = 13), as compared to 12 WKY rats (4 weeks) (726.0 +/- 130.4 micrograms Ca2+/g tissue v 440.3 +/- 214.4 micrograms Ca2+/g) and in 17 SHR (3 months), as compared to 13 WKY rats, respectively (3390.1 +/- 729.9 micrograms Ca2+/g tissue v 1632.1 +/- 569.5 micrograms Ca2+/g). The results confirm the age-related increase in the arterial Ca2+ content in normotensive rats and demonstrate additionally that this age-related rise in arterial Ca2+ content is accelerated in SHR

  18. Risk Factors for Central and Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion: A Meta-Analysis of Published Clinical Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petr Kolar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Retinal vein occlusion (RVO is a major cause of vision loss. Of the two main types of RVO, branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO is 4 to 6 times more prevalent than central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO. A basic risk factor for RVO is advancing age. Further risk factors include systemic conditions like hypertension, arteriosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, vascular cerebral stroke, blood hyperviscosity, and thrombophilia. A strong risk factor for RVO is the metabolic syndrome (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hyperlipidemia. Individuals with end-organ damage caused by diabetes mellitus and hypertension have greatly increased risk for RVO. Socioeconomic status seems to be a risk factor too. American blacks are more often diagnosed with RVO than non-Hispanic whites. Females are, according to some studies, at lower risk than men. The role of thrombophilic risk factors in RVO is still controversial. Congenital thrombophilic diseases like factor V Leiden mutation, hyperhomocysteinemia and anticardiolipin antibodies increase the risk of RVO. Cigarette smoking also increases the risk of RVO as do systemic inflammatory conditions like vasculitis and Behcet disease. Ophthalmic risk factors for RVO are ocular hypertension and glaucoma, higher ocular perfusion pressure, and changes in the retinal arteries.

  19. Vascular changes in sporadic ergotism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Whereas the epidemic form of ergotism has been rare in the 20th century, the sporadic form has a wide distribution as a consequence of therapy with ergot-derivative drugs. Favourable prognosis of the condition, with complete recovery from the ischemic peripheral circulatory disorders can be obtained by early diagnosis. Precise evaluation of the history, with recognition of treatment of migraine headache or postpartum hemorraghe with ergot alkaloids, can be determinative in diagnosis. The specific pattern of the angiographic findings, as we saw it in 6 cases within the last 4 years, decisively confirms the diagnosis. We could demonstrate thread-, thorn- and hour glass-like narrowing of the vessels, due to spasm. Total occlusion with the development of collaterals may occur, but we saw no thrombus formation. The stenotic arterial segments had smooth margins. The distribution of the involved arteries was more focal than generalized and more peripheral than central. In two cases spasm could be abolished immediately by a pharmaceutical (i.a. injection of tolazoline) or by anesthetic procedures (halothane). The phenomenologic data, together with the complete reversal of the circulatory ischemic disorders after therapy (particularly the absolute ban of ergots), is so specific that other diseases of ischemic nature (emboli, arteriosclerosis, Buerger's disease, fibromuscular hyperplasia) can be excluded. (orig.)

  20. Change in Elasticity Caused by Flow-Mediated Dilation Measured Only for Intima-Media Region of Brachial Artery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugimoto, Masataka; Hasegawa, Hideyuki; Kanai, Hiroshi

    2005-08-01

    Endothelial dysfunction is considered to be an initial step of arteriosclerosis [R. Ross: N. Engl. J. Med. 340 (2004) 115]. For the assessment of the endothelium function, brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) caused by increased blood flow has been evaluated with ultrasonic diagnostic equipment. In the case of conventional methods, the change in artery diameter caused by FMD is measured [M. Hashimoto et al.: Circulation 92 (1995) 3431]. Although the arterial wall has a layered structure (intima, media, and adventitia), such a structure is not taken into account in conventional methods because the change in diameter depends on the characteristic of the entire wall. However, smooth muscle present only in the media contributes to FMD, whereas the collagen-rich hard adventitia does not contribute. In this study, we measure the change in elasticity of only the intima-media region including smooth muscle using the phased tracking method [H. Kanai et al.: IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 43 (1996) 791]. From the change in elasticity, FMD measured only for the intima-media region by our proposed method was found to be more sensitive than that measured for the entire wall by the conventional method.

  1. Ultrasound molecular imaging: Moving toward clinical translation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abou-Elkacem, Lotfi; Bachawal, Sunitha V.; Willmann, Jürgen K., E-mail: willmann@stanford.edu

    2015-09-15

    Highlights: • Ultrasound molecular imaging is a highly sensitive modality. • A clinical grade ultrasound contrast agent has entered first in human clinical trials. • Several new potential future clinical applications of ultrasound molecular imaging are being explored. - Abstract: Ultrasound is a widely available, cost-effective, real-time, non-invasive and safe imaging modality widely used in the clinic for anatomical and functional imaging. With the introduction of novel molecularly-targeted ultrasound contrast agents, another dimension of ultrasound has become a reality: diagnosing and monitoring pathological processes at the molecular level. Most commonly used ultrasound molecular imaging contrast agents are micron sized, gas-containing microbubbles functionalized to recognize and attach to molecules expressed on inflamed or angiogenic vascular endothelial cells. There are several potential clinical applications currently being explored including earlier detection, molecular profiling, and monitoring of cancer, as well as visualization of ischemic memory in transient myocardial ischemia, monitoring of disease activity in inflammatory bowel disease, and assessment of arteriosclerosis. Recently, a first clinical grade ultrasound contrast agent (BR55), targeted at a molecule expressed in neoangiogenesis (vascular endothelial growth factor receptor type 2; VEGFR2) has been introduced and safety and feasibility of VEGFR2-targeted ultrasound imaging is being explored in first inhuman clinical trials in various cancer types. This review describes the design of ultrasound molecular imaging contrast agents, imaging techniques, and potential future clinical applications of ultrasound molecular imaging.

  2. Premature aging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The hypothesis that radiation may accelerate aging phenomenon has been studied extensively, using the population of A-bomb survivors. In this paper, non-specific radiation-induced premature aging is discussed with a review of the literature. Cardiac lipofuscin, papillary fibrosis, aortic extensibility, hexamine/collagen ratio in the skin and aorta, testicular changes, giant hepatic cell nucleus, and neurofibril changes have so far been studied pathologically in the context of A-bomb radiation. Only testicular sclerosis has been found to correlate with distance from the hypocenter. Suggestive correlation was found to exist between the hexamine/collagen ratio in the skin and aorta and A-bomb radiation. Grip strength and hearing ability were decreased in the group of 100 rad and the group of 50-99 rad, respectively. The other physiological data did not definitely correlate with A-bomb radiation. Laboratory data, including erythrocyte sedimentation rate, α and β globulin levels, phytohemagglutinin reaction, T cell counts, erythrocyte glycophorin-A, the incidence of cerebral stroke, ischemic heart disease, and cataract were age-dependent and correlated with A-bomb radiation. These findings indicated that the occurrence of arteriosclerosis-related diseases, changes in immunological competence, and some pathological and physiological findings altered with advancing age, suggesting the correlation with A-bomb radiation. In general, it cannot be concluded that there is a positive correlation between A-bomb radiation and the premature aging. (N.K.) 51 refs

  3. Hyperglycemia Increases Susceptibility to Ischemic Necrosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Lévigne

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Diabetic patients are at risk for spontaneous foot ulcers, chronic wounds, infections, and tissue necrosis. Current theories suggest that the development and progression of diabetic foot ulcers are mainly caused by arteriosclerosis and peripheral neuropathy. Tissue necrosis plays a primordial role in the progression of diabetic foot ulcers but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of hyperglycemia per se on the susceptibility of ischemic tissue to necrosis, using a critical ischemic hind limb animal model. We inflicted the same degree of ischemia in both euglycemic and streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemic rats by resecting the external iliac, the femoral, and the saphenous arteries. Postoperative laser Doppler flowmetry of the ischemic feet showed the same degree of reduction in skin perfusion in both hyperglycemic and euglycemic animals. Nevertheless, we found a significantly higher rate of limb necrosis in hyperglycemic rats compared to euglycemic rats (71% versus 29%, resp.. In this study, we revealed that hyperglycemia per se increases the susceptibility to limb necrosis in ischemic conditions. Our results may help to better understand the physiopathology of progressive diabetic wounds and underline the importance of strict glycemic control in patients with critical limb ischemia.

  4. Neuroprotection by flavonoids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dajas F.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The high morbidity, high socioeconomic costs and lack of specific treatments are key factors that define the relevance of brain pathology for human health and the importance of research on neuronal protective agents. Epidemiological studies have shown beneficial effects of flavonoids on arteriosclerosis-related pathology in general and neurodegeneration in particular. Flavonoids can protect the brain by their ability to modulate intracellular signals promoting cellular survival. Quercetin and structurally related flavonoids (myricetin, fisetin, luteolin showed a marked cytoprotective capacity in in vitro experimental conditions in models of predominantly apoptotic death such as that induced by medium concentrations (200 µM of H2O2 added to PC12 cells in culture. Nevertheless, quercetin did not protect substantia nigra neurons in vivo from an oxidative insult (6-hydroxydopamine, probably due to difficulties in crossing the blood-brain barrier. On the other hand, treatment of permanent focal ischemia with a lecithin/quercetin preparation decreased lesion volume, showing that preparations that help to cross the blood-brain barrier may be critical for the expression of the effects of flavonoids on the brain. The hypothesis is advanced that a group of quercetin-related flavonoids could become lead molecules for the development of neuroprotective compounds with multitarget anti-ischemic effects.

  5. The roentgenographic study of aortic calcification in Korean

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arteriosclerosis generally has various changes such as thickening and hypertrophy of the intima, fatty infiltration and calcium deposition in the arterial wall and atheroma, which lead to their loss of elasticity. Numerous experiments in animals have demonstrated with production of atheromatous lesions following the administration of large amount of lipoid substances such as cholesterol. However, many other factors such as hypertension, aging, heredity, maleness arterial anatomy play an important role in the genesis of atherosclerosis. Atherosclerotic involvement of aorta usually produces no subjective symptoms unless involvement of the medium sized arteries arising from the aorta. In asymptomatic cases of atherosclerosis no method of antemortem diagnosis is available except roentgenographic detection of aortic calcification. Schilling, et al insisted that the lateral abdominal roentgenogram appeared to be not only useful in detecting large vessel atherosclerosis, but also in the detection of asymptomatic aortic aneurysms, which are of more significance to the internist and surgeon. This study included reviews of 5166 chest roentgenograms (Thoracic group) and 1062 lateral roentgenograms of lumbar spine (Abdominal group) which were taken in Hanyang University Hospital during the period of May 1972 to April 1977. The age of these cases were 40 or more.

  6. Quercetin-3-O-glucuronide induces ABCA1 expression by LXRα activation in murine macrophages

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: •The major circulating quercetin metabolite (Q3GA) activated LXRα. •Q3GA induced ABCA1 via LXRα activation in macrophages. •Nelumbo nucifera leaf extracts contained quercetin glycosides. •N. nucifera leaf extract feeding elevated HDLC in mice. -- Abstract: Reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) removes excess cholesterol from macrophages to prevent atherosclerosis. ATP-binding cassette, subfamily A, member 1 (ABCA1) is a crucial cholesterol transporter involved in RCT to produce high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDLC), and is transcriptionally regulated by liver X receptor alpha (LXRα), a nuclear receptor. Quercetin is a widely distributed flavonoid in edible plants which prevented atherosclerosis in an animal model. We found that quercetin-3-O-glucuronide (Q3GA), a major quercetin metabolite after absorption from the digestive tract, enhanced ABCA1 expression, in vitro, via LXRα in macrophages. In addition, leaf extracts of a traditional Asian edible plant, Nelumbo nucifera (NNE), which contained abundant amounts of quercetin glycosides, significantly elevated plasma HDLC in mice. We are the first to present experimental evidence that Q3GA induced ABCA1 in macrophages, and to provide an alternative explanation to previous studies on arteriosclerosis prevention by quercetin

  7. 25-Hydroxycholesterol promotes fibroblast-mediated tissue remodeling through NF-κB dependent pathway

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abnormal structural alterations termed remodeling, including fibrosis and alveolar wall destruction, are important features of the pathophysiology of chronic airway diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. 25-hydroxycholesterol (25-HC) is enzymatically produced by cholesterol 25-hydorxylase (CH25H) in macrophages and is reported to be involved in the formation of arteriosclerosis. We previously demonstrated that the expression of CH25H and production of 25HC were increased in the lungs of COPD. However, the role of 25-HC in lung tissue remodeling is unknown. In this study, we investigated the effect of 25-HC on fibroblast-mediated tissue remodeling using human fetal lung fibroblasts (HFL-1) in vitro. 25-HC significantly augmented α-smooth muscle actin (SMA) (P1 production (P1 release. These results suggest that 25-HC could contribute to fibroblast-mediated lung tissue remodeling by promoting myofibroblast differentiation and the excessive release of extracellular matrix protein and MMPs via an NF-κB-TGF-β dependent pathway

  8. Clinical significance of pontine high signals identified on magnetic resonance imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spin-echo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was evaluated to 530 cases in order to investigate the clinical significance of pontine high signals. The subjects comprised 109 cases of pontine infarction with high signal on T2-weighted image and low signal on T1-weighted image (PI group), 145 of pontine high signal with high signal on T2-weighted image but normal signal on T1-weighted image (PH group) and 276 of age-matched control without abnormality either on T1 or T2-weighted images (AC group). Subjective complaints such as vertigo-dizziness were more frequent in the PH group than in the PI group. In both PI and groups, periventricular hyperintensity as well as subcortical high signals in the supratentorium were more severe than in the AC group. These degrees were higher in the PI group than in the PH group. In conclusion, PH as well as PI may result from diffuse arteriosclerosis and PH is considered to be an early finding of pontine ischemia. (author)

  9. Molecular Modeling Approach to Cardiovascular Disease Targetting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chandra Sekhar Akula,

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Cardiovascular disease, including stroke, is the leading cause of illness and death in the India. A number of studies have shown that inflammation of blood vessels is one of the major factors that increase the incidence of heart diseases, including arteriosclerosis (clogging of the arteries, stroke and myocardial infraction or heart attack. Studies have associated obesity and other components of metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular risk factors, with lowgradeinflammation. Furthermore, some findings suggest that drugs commonly prescribed to the lower cholesterol also reduce this inflammation, suggesting an additional beneficial effect of the stains. The recent development of angiotensin 11 (Ang11 receptor antagonists has enabled to improve significantly the tolerability profile of thisgroup of drugs while maintaining a high clinical efficacy. ACE2 is expressed predominantly in the endothelium and in renal tubular epithelium, and it thus may be an import new cardiovascular target. In the present study we modeled the structure of ACE and designed an inhibitor through using ARGUS lab and the validation of the Drug molecule is done basing on QSAR properties and Cache for this protein through CADD.

  10. Dietary recommendations regarding pilot whale meat and blubber in the Faroe Islands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weihe, Pál; Joensen, Høgni Debes

    2012-01-01

    For centuries the pilot whale has been an important part Faroese life--both in regard to food and culture. However, studies dating back to 1977 have shown an increase in contamination of the meat, blubber, liver and kidneys of pilot whales. Several birth cohorts have been established in the Faroes in order to discover the health effects related to mercury and organchlorine exposure. In short the results have so far shown that: mercury from pilot whale meat adversely affects the foetal development of the nervous system; the mercury effect is still detectable during adolescence; the mercury from the maternal diet affects the blood pressure of the children; the contaminants of the blubber adversely affect the immune system so that the children react more poorly to immunizations; contaminants in pilot whales appear to increase the risk of developing Parkinson's disease in those who often eat pilot whale; the risk of hypertension and arteriosclerosis of the carotid arteries is increased in adults who have an increased exposure to mercury; septuagenarians with type 2 diabetes or impaired fasting glycaemia tended to have higher PCB concentrations and higher past intake of traditional foods, especially during childhood and adolescence. Also impaired insulin secretion appears to constitute an important part of the type 2 diabetes pathogenesis associated with exposure to persistent lipophilic food contaminants. From the latest research results, the authors consider that the conclusion from a human health perspective must be to recommend that pilot whale is no longer used for human consumption. PMID:22789518

  11. 腹型肥胖的中医针灸治疗现状%Acupuncture for Abdominal Obesity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁翠梅; 胡慧

    2012-01-01

    当肥胖超过一定限度并出现相关症状时就演变为肥胖症.肥胖症患者中,腹型肥胖患者发生动脉硬化、脑卒中、高血压、冠心病、糖尿病、高脂血症等各种并发症的危险性很高.本研究不仅对腹型肥胖的概念和治疗现状进行了回顾,还从中医角度对腹型肥胖的中医病因病机进行了阐述,并记述了针灸治疗这一祖国医学瑰宝在腹型肥胖治疗领域的现状和展望.%Obesity becomes a symptom when over a certain limit and accompanying correlated symptom. Among the obesity patients, abdominal obesity inclines to suffer arteriosclerosis, stroke, hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, hyperiipidemia, and other complications. This text reviews the conception and status of abdominal obesity, and explains the cause and mechanism of abdominal obesity in Chinese medicine. Meanwhile , the actuality and prospect of acupuncture and a branch of Chinese therapy for abdominal obesity are recounted.

  12. The detection and role of heat shock protein 70 in various nondisease conditions and disease conditions: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qu, Baoge; Jia, Yiguo; Liu, Yuanxun; Wang, Hui; Ren, Guangying; Wang, Hong

    2015-11-01

    As an intracellular polypeptide, heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) can be exposed on the plasma membrane and/or released into the circulation. However, the role of HSP70 in various nondisease and disease conditions remains unknown. Quantitative methods for the detection of HSP70 have been used in clinical studies, revealing that an increase in circulating HSP70 is associated with various types of exercise, elderly patients presenting with inflammation, mobile phones, inflammation, sepsis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, carotid intima-media thickness, glutamine-treated ill patients, mortality, diabetes mellitus, active chronic glomerulonephritis, and cancers. Circulating HSP70 decreases with age in humans and in obstructive sleep apnea, arteriosclerosis, atrial fibrillation (AF) following coronary artery bypass surgery, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, moderate-to-severe alcoholic fatty liver disease, hepatic steatosis, and Helicobacter pylori infection. In conclusion, quantitative methods can be used to detect HSP70, particularly in determining circulating HSP70 levels, using more convenient and rapid screening methods. Studies have shown that changes in HSP70 are associated with various nondisease and disease conditions; thus, HSP70 might be a novel potential biomarker reflecting various nondisease conditions and also the severity of disease conditions. However, the reliability and accuracy, as well as the underlying mechanism, of this relationship remain poorly understood, and large-sample clinical research must be performed to verify the role. PMID:26139132

  13. Spinal cord ischemia: aetiology, clinical syndromes and imaging features

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to analyse MR imaging features and lesion patterns as defined by compromised vascular territories, correlating them to different clinical syndromes and aetiological aspects. In a 19.8-year period, clinical records and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of 55 consecutive patients suffering from spinal cord ischemia were evaluated. Aetiologies of infarcts were arteriosclerosis of the aorta and vertebral arteries (23.6 %), aortic surgery or interventional aneurysm repair (11 %) and aortic and vertebral artery dissection (11 %), and in 23.6 %, aetiology remained unclear. Infarcts occurred in 38.2 % at the cervical and thoracic level, respectively, and 49 % of patients suffered from centromedullar syndrome caused by anterior spinal artery ischemia. MRI disclosed hyperintense pencil-like lesion pattern on T2WI in 98.2 %, cord swelling in 40 %, enhancement on post-contrast T1WI in 42.9 % and always hyperintense signal on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) when acquired. The most common clinical feature in spinal cord ischemia is a centromedullar syndrome, and in contrast to anterior spinal artery ischemia, infarcts in the posterior spinal artery territory are rare. The exclusively cervical location of the spinal sulcal artery syndrome seems to be a likely consequence of anterior spinal artery duplication which is observed preferentially here. (orig.)

  14. Simulations of the Microcirculation in the Human Conjunctiva

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dow, William; Jacobitz, Frank; Chen, Peter

    2012-11-01

    The microcirculation in the conjunctiva of a healthy human subject is analyzed using a simulation approach. A comparison between healthy and diseased states may lead to early diagnosis for a variety of vascular related disorders. Previous work suggests that hypertension, arteriosclerosis, and diabetes mellitus have noticeable very early changes in the microvasculature (Davis and Landau, 1957; Ditzel, 1968; Kunitomo, 1974) and the vessels of the conjunctiva are specifically useful for this research because they can be studied non-invasively. The microcirculation in the conjunctiva has been documented over the course of disease treatments, providing both still images and video footage for information on vessel length, diameter, and connectivity as well as the direction of blood flow. The numerical method is based on a Hagen-Poiseuille balance in the microvessels and a sparse matrix solver is used to obtain the solution. The simulations use realistic vessel topology for the microvasculature, reconstructed from microscope images of tissue samples, and consider blood rheology as well as passive and active vessel properties.

  15. Proceedings of 42nd Research Society for the Late Effects of the A-Bomb

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This issue is the collection of study papers presented in the meeting in the title: the special review lecture concerning the epidemiological evidences of multiple myeloma examination in A-bomb survivors (12-year study), the symposium concerning the medical care of A-bomb survivors in 21st century (5 presentations of medical care for the aged survivors, psychiatric approach and psychological care, future clinical studies and survivors' children in RERF, epidemiological study on the late effect of A-bomb radiation, and international cooperation of medical care in Semipalatinsk), and 51 general presentations. The general presentations included 1 article concerning external dose estimation in Ust-Kamenogorsk city, 7, the health care and management of the survivors, 9, cancer and its risk assessment (lung, uterine, stomach, liver and bone marrow), 1, arteriosclerosis, 10, health physics studies in relation to Semipalatinsk and/or Chernobyl (mainly on thyroid cancer), 2, experimental animal studies of thyroid cancer and malformation, 9, genomic studies like gene rearrangement, REV1 SNPs, function analysis and regeneration medicine, and 12, histological and cytological studies concerning DNA/RNA extraction, gene expression, signal transduction and immune system. (K.H.)

  16. Cholecystitis occurring without stones

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A case of acalculous cholecystitis in a 65-year-old man with underlying diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and peripheral arteriosclerosis is presented here. His case remained diagnostically puzzling for some time until symptoms and signs became more severe and very suggestive of acute cholecystitis. The clinical impression was then supported by an abnormal radioisotope biliary scan. The scan has fairly good sensitivity in detecting this condition but may not be totally dependable. Acalculous cholecystitis is an unusual but serious variant of a common disorder in which treatable gallbladder disease may masquerade as a less treatable liver malady. A common denominator among this disorder's many etiologies may be impairment of the gallbladder microcirculation in the presence of one or more conditions that lower the gallbladder's resistance to bacterial invasion. Prompt detection and treatment are desirable to reduce morbidity and mortality. However, early diagnosis is not always possible, because the clinical picture often is unclear, clear, gallstones are absent, and laboratory test results may be normal or equivocal. As in the case reported here, the vague clinical picture may dictate following a patient until the illness reaches an intensity acute enough to permit identification. The greatest aid to earlier diagnosis for the physician faced with circumstances similar to those described here is to think of cholecystitis and then to give strong weight to that clinical suspicion. At times, a recommendation for cholecystectomy may have to be made mainly on clinical judgment

  17. Renal pathology in hematopoietic cell transplant recipients: a contemporary biopsy, nephrectomy, and autopsy series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinkerhoff, Brian T; Houghton, Donald C; Troxell, Megan L

    2016-06-01

    Renal injury in hematopoietic cell transplant recipients may be related to a combination of factors including chemotherapy, radiation, infection, immunosuppressive agents, ischemia, and graft-versus-host disease, and can involve glomerular, tubulointerstitial, and vascular structures. We reviewed renal pathology from 67 patients at a single institution (2009-2014), including 14 patients with biopsy for clinical dysfunction, 6 patients with surgical kidney resection for other causes, and 47 autopsy patients. Kidney specimens frequently contained multiple histopathologic abnormalities. Thrombotic microangiopathy, membranous nephropathy, minimal change disease, and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis were the most common glomerular findings. Pathologies not previously reported in the hematopoietic cell transplant setting included collapsing glomerulopathy, antiglomerular basement membrane disease, fibrillary glomerulonephritis, and in the case of two surgical resections distinctive cellular segmental glomerular lesions that defied classification. Kidney specimens frequently demonstrated acute tubular injury, interstitial fibrosis, arteriolar hyaline, and arteriosclerosis. Other kidney findings at autopsy included leukemia and amyloid (both recurrent), diabetic nephropathy, bacterial infection, fungal invasion, and silver deposition along glomerular and tubular basement membranes. Also in the autopsy cohort, C4d immunohistochemistry demonstrated unexpected membranous nephropathy in two patients, yet C4d also colocalized with arteriolar hyaline. This retrospective hematopoietic cell transplant cohort illustrates multifaceted renal injury in patients with renal dysfunction, as well as in patients without clinically recognized kidney injury. PMID:27015134

  18. Serious response during tilt-table test in elderly and its prophylactic management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN Yang; LI Xiao-xia; JLANG Wei-li; WANG Zhao-di; CHEN Tian-zhi

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the serious response during tilt-table test (TTT) and its prophylactic management. Method:Seventy-six elderly patients were tested at a tilt angle of 70 degrees for a maximum of 45 min and then subjected to isoproterenol-provocative tilt testing. ECG and blood pressure were monitored during the test and patients were kept at normal saline condition through a peripheral intravenous duct. Results: Fifty-one of 76 patients were defined as positive including 23 having serious response; 6 of the 23 patients had arteriosclerosis involving intemal carotid arteries and 7 cases had bradycardia, two of which were associated with Ⅱ°-Ⅰ A-V block and the others with chronic atrial fibrillation. The serious response consisted of cardiac arrest for more than 5 s (6 cases), or serious bradycardia for more than 1 min (7 cases) or serious hypotension for more than 1 min (10 cases).Those with serious response were managed by returning to supine position, thus driving up legs and intravenous atropine, CPR (2cases with cardiac arrest) and needing oxygen supplementation (11 cases). Only 2 hypotension patients recovered gradually by 10min after emergency management, while others recovered rapidly with no complications. Conclusion: Although non-invasive,TTT may result in serious response, especially in elderly. Therefore proper patient selection, control of isoproterenol infusion and close observation of vital signs are decisive for a safe consequence.

  19. Heat Killed Lactobacillus reuteri GMNL-263 Reduces Fibrosis Effects on the Liver and Heart in High Fat Diet-Hamsters via TGF-β Suppression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei-Jen Ting

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Obesity is one of the major risk factors for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD, and NAFLD is highly associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD. Scholars have suggested that certain probiotics may significantly impact cardiovascular health, particularly certain Lactobacillus species, such as Lactobacillus reuteri GMNL-263 (Lr263 probiotics, which have been shown to reduce obesity and arteriosclerosis in vivo. In the present study, we examined the potential of heat-killed bacteria to attenuate high fat diet (HFD-induced hepatic and cardiac damages and the possible underlying mechanism of the positive effects of heat-killed Lr263 oral supplements. Heat-killed Lr263 treatments (625 and 3125 mg/kg-hamster/day were provided as a daily supplement by oral gavage to HFD-fed hamsters for eight weeks. The results show that heat-killed Lr263 treatments reduce fatty liver syndrome. Moreover, heat-killed Lactobacillus reuteri GMNL-263 supplementation in HFD hamsters also reduced fibrosis in the liver and heart by reducing transforming growth factor β (TGF-β expression levels. In conclusion, heat-killed Lr263 can reduce lipid metabolic stress in HFD hamsters and decrease the risk of fatty liver and cardiovascular disease.

  20. Effect of dietary Maitake (Grifola frondosa) mushrooms on plasma cholesterol and hepatic gene expression in cholesterol-fed mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Mayumi; Tokuji, Yoshihiko; Yoneyama, Shozo; Fujii-Akiyama, Kyoko; Kinoshita, Mikio; Chiji, Hideyuki; Ohnishi, Masao

    2013-01-01

    To investigate the effects of dietary Grifola frondosa on cholesterol, normal mice were fed a diet containing 1% cholesterol (HC group) or 1% cholesterol and 10% freeze-dried G. frondosa powder (HC+G group) for 4 weeks and hepatic and plasma lipid levels were compared with those of a cholesterol-free diet-fed mice (N group). Hepatic total cholesterol (TC), triacylglycerol contents were considerably increased and plasma TC / phospholipid (PL) was also increased significantly in the HC group compared with the N group. However, plasma TC content decreased in the HC+G group compared with the HC group. To characterize the mechanisms responsible for lowered plasma cholesterol in G. frondosa-supplemented mice, hepatic gene expression was profiled using DNA microarray and gene ontology. Genome analyses revealed that de novo cholesterol synthesis genes were suppressed following cholesterol intake. However, expression of bile acid biosynthesis and low-density lipoprotein receptor genes showed little change. Scarb1, Abcg5, and Abcg8, involved in cholesterol transport and excretion, were slightly upregulated in the HC+G group compared with the HC group. These data indicate the plasma cholesterol-lowering effect of G. frondosa. Moreover, fatty acid (FA) β-oxidation was promoted via adipocytokine signaling pathways, and Saa, encodes serum amyloid A related to arteriosclerosis, was suppressed in the HC+G group. PMID:24292357