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Sample records for aromatica str rcb

  1. Metabolic analysis of the soil microbe Dechloromonas aromatica str. RCB: indications of a surprisingly complex life-style and cryptic anaerobic pathways for aromatic degradation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feil Helene

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Initial interest in Dechloromonas aromatica strain RCB arose from its ability to anaerobically degrade benzene. It is also able to reduce perchlorate and oxidize chlorobenzoate, toluene, and xylene, creating interest in using this organism for bioremediation. Little physiological data has been published for this microbe. It is considered to be a free-living organism. Results The a priori prediction that the D. aromatica genome would contain previously characterized "central" enzymes to support anaerobic aromatic degradation of benzene proved to be false, suggesting the presence of novel anaerobic aromatic degradation pathways in this species. These missing pathways include the benzylsuccinate synthase (bssABC genes (responsible for fumarate addition to toluene and the central benzoyl-CoA pathway for monoaromatics. In depth analyses using existing TIGRfam, COG, and InterPro models, and the creation of de novo HMM models, indicate a highly complex lifestyle with a large number of environmental sensors and signaling pathways, including a relatively large number of GGDEF domain signal receptors and multiple quorum sensors. A number of proteins indicate interactions with an as yet unknown host, as indicated by the presence of predicted cell host remodeling enzymes, effector enzymes, hemolysin-like proteins, adhesins, NO reductase, and both type III and type VI secretory complexes. Evidence of biofilm formation including a proposed exopolysaccharide complex and exosortase (epsH are also present. Annotation described in this paper also reveals evidence for several metabolic pathways that have yet to be observed experimentally, including a sulphur oxidation (soxFCDYZAXB gene cluster, Calvin cycle enzymes, and proteins involved in nitrogen fixation in other species (including RubisCo, ribulose-phosphate 3-epimerase, and nif gene families, respectively. Conclusion Analysis of the D. aromatica genome indicates there is much to be

  2. Metabolic analysis of the soil microbe Dechloromonas aromatica str. RCB: indications of a surprisingly complex life-style and cryptic anaerobic pathways for aromatic degradation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salinero, Kennan Kellaris; Keller, Keith; Feil, William S.; Feil, Helene; Trong, Stephan; Di Bartolo, Genevieve; Lapidus, Alla

    2008-11-17

    Initial interest in Dechloromonas aromatica strain RCB arose from its ability to anaerobically degrade benzene. It is also able to reduce perchlorate and oxidize chlorobenzoate, toluene, and xylene, creating interest in using this organism for bioremediation. Little physiological data has been published for this microbe. It is considered to be a free-living organism. The a priori prediction that the D. aromatica genome would contain previously characterized 'central' enzymes involved in anaerobic aromatic degradation proved to be false, suggesting the presence of novel anaerobic aromatic degradation pathways in this species. These missing pathways include the benzyl succinyl synthase (bssABC) genes (responsible for formate addition to toluene) and the central benzoylCoA pathway for monoaromatics. In depth analyses using existing TIGRfam, COG, and InterPro models, and the creation of de novo HMM models, indicate a highly complex lifestyle with a large number of environmental sensors and signaling pathways, including a relatively large number of GGDEF domain signal receptors and multiple quorum sensors. A number of proteins indicate interactions with an as yet unknown host, as indicated by the presence of predicted cell host remodeling enzymes, effector enzymes, hemolysin-like proteins, adhesins, NO reductase, and both type III and type VI secretory complexes. Evidence of biofilm formation including a proposed exopolysaccharide complex with the somewhat rare exosortase (epsH), is also present. Annotation described in this paper also reveals evidence for several metabolic pathways that have yet to be observed experimentally, including a sulphur oxidation (soxFCDYZAXB) gene cluster, Calvin cycle enzymes, and nitrogen fixation (including RubisCo, ribulose-phosphate 3-epimerase, and nif gene families, respectively). Analysis of the D. aromatica genome indicates there is much to be learned regarding the metabolic capabilities, and life-style, for this microbial

  3. Metabolic analysis of the soil microbe Dechloromonas aromatica str. RCB: indications of a surprisingly complex life-style and cryptic anaerobic pathways for aromatic degradation

    OpenAIRE

    Feil Helene; Feil William S; Keller Keith; Salinero Kennan; Trong Stephan; Di Bartolo Genevieve; Lapidus Alla

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Initial interest in Dechloromonas aromatica strain RCB arose from its ability to anaerobically degrade benzene. It is also able to reduce perchlorate and oxidize chlorobenzoate, toluene, and xylene, creating interest in using this organism for bioremediation. Little physiological data has been published for this microbe. It is considered to be a free-living organism. Results The a priori prediction that the D. aromatica genome would contain previously characterized "centra...

  4. ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY OF CURCUMA AROMATICA

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    Ammayappan Rajam Srividya

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to find out the antidiabetic activity of Curcuma aromatica. In this research paper we dealt with antioxidant activities by DPPH method, ABTS method, Lipid peroxidation assay and scavenging ability of the extract for the hydrogen peroxide radical, Glucose uptake by rat hemi diaphragm method. Antidiabetic activity using healthy adult Wister rats were also carried out. Toluene extract of Curcuma aromatica showed the potent scavenging activity by DPPH method with the IC 50 value of 50.62±0.998 µg/ml, by lipid per oxidation method with the IC 50 value of 75±0.87 µg/ml, hydrogen peroxide radical scavenging activity with the IC 50 value 43.75±1.24 µg/ml, and ABTS radical scavenging method with the IC 50 value 0.038±1.54 µg/ml. After the treatment with the toluene extract of Curcuma aromatica, serum glucose level was found to be decreased from 278.53 to 116.5 mg/dl, total protein level increased from 3.09 to 5.78 mg/dl. There was a decrease in total cholesterol level from 292.33 to 134.50 mg/dl, decrease in serum triglyceride level from 85.66 to 64.16mg/dl when compared to diabetic control group. Toluene extract of Curcuma aromatica exhibited significant antioxidant and antidiabetic activities in both in vitro and in vivo models. So, it can be used as alternative herbal medicine in the treatment of diabetes and diabetic induced complication.

  5. Generation of floor response spectra for PFBR RCB

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the generation of floor time histories and corresponding floor response spectrums at various locations in reactor containment building (RCB) for 500 MWe Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR). The RCB and its internal structures are modeled with equivalent 3D-beam elements (stick model), which have got the essential global stiffness and inertial properties of the corresponding building. The main aspect in the simulation of beam model is derivation of equivalent cross sectional properties such as bending, torsional and shear rigidities including shear centers. These properties have been obtained through 3D plate/shell element models with appropriate kinematic constraints, for the zones between floors of corresponding buildings. The stick model includes a set of springs and dampers to simulate soil effects, on which base raft and various sticks are mounted. The soil stiffness and damping values are derived based on equations given in ASCE-98. Time history analysis has been done using three uncorrelated time histories, which are derived from the site dependent design response spectra. Floor time histories (FTH) are extracted at important locations from which the corresponding floor response spectrums (FRS) have been generated for various damping values. Peak broadening of the response spectrums has been done according ASCE criteria. Floor response spectrum corresponds to reactor assembly support shows amplification 2.5 for SSE and 3 for OBE. CASTEM 3M is used for seismic analysis and generation of FRS. (author)

  6. A search for RCB stars in globular clusters

    CERN Document Server

    Boiardi, Scarlett-Rose; Davoust, Emmanuel

    2012-01-01

    There are only about 65 R Coronae Borealis stars known in our Galaxy, and none in globular clusters. As these stars are thought to result from the merger of two white dwarfs, one would expect the higher stellar density of globular clusters to favor their formation. We have searched for such stars in Galactic globular clusters, as their presence in a specific category of clusters might provide more clues as to their formation. We selected from the WISE all-Sky source catalog all the stars within the tidal radius of the 150 globular clusters within 50 kpc, which is the distance to which RCB stars are detectable by WISE. The total number of stars selected in this way was 635989. We then successively applied the eight selection criteria of Tisserand (2012) satisfied by RCB stars to the dereddened photometric WISE and 2MASS data. Only three stars satisfying the conditions were found in the field of three globular clusters. The star in the field of Liller 1 is most probably a protostar. For the two other candidates...

  7. Pathological study of breast cancer by method postneaadyuvancia RCB (residual tumor burden) associated with cell proliferation index report preliminary data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Introduction: The evaluation of residual disease increases prognostic information postneaadyuvancia and obtained by the study of pathological response. Using method index residual tumor burden (RCB)developed at M D Anderson where from morphological parameters (Size of the tumor bed, residual percentage of invasive carcinoma, carcinoma in situ percentage residual metastatic nodes number and size of largest metastasis)the index is calculated. Proliferation index represents an independent predictor of response to particular drugs. A high rate of cell proliferation after chemotherapy is linked with a poor survival We compared the results of both indices Material and Methods: We applied method residual tumor burden index (RCB)in 30 patients operated breast carcinoma after neoadjuvant therapy. Documentation was performed digital macroscopic bed residual tumor, printing and bulk sampling mapping performed on serially reading sheets histological double-blind by two pathologists using graphical illustrations of the percentage of cellularity neoplastic. The application of the formula classified as: RCB 0, complete pathological response (Rpc), RCB I, minimal residual disease, moderate residual disease RCB II, III RBC extensive disease residual. We immunohistochemical proliferation index (PI)with K i 67 in 14 cases (RCB II and III) with double-blinded histological evaluation by performing a percentage of stained nuclei in the greater staining sector thereof and with a cutoff of 14% of stained nuclei. Results: The size of the residual tumor bed was between 4x3mm and 110x60mm. Percentages cellularity invasive component between 0 and 86%, carcinoma in situ between 0 and 30 %. RCB case 0, RCB I a case, RCB RCB II and III seventeen cases eleven cases. Proliferation index was between 1% to 90 %, greater than 14 % in 29% of III and 21% RCB RCB II. Less than 14% was seen in 29% of RCB II and 7% RCB III In six cases there was variation in the rate of pre and post neoadjuvant

  8. All known hot RCB stars are fading fast over the last century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, Bradley E.

    2016-08-01

    The R Coronae Borealis (RCB) stars are cool supergiants that display irregular and deep dips in their light curves, caused by dust formation. There are four known hot RCB stars (DY Cen, MV Sgr, V348 Sgr, and HV 2671), with surface temperatures of 15 000-25 000 K, and prior work has suggested that three of these have secular fading in brightness. I have tested this result by measuring century-long light curves in the Johnson B band with modern comparison star magnitudes, and I have extended this by measuring many magnitudes over a wide time range as well as for the fourth hot RCB star. In all four cases, the B band magnitude of the maximum light is now fast fading. The fading rates (in units of magnitudes per century) are 2.5 for DY Cen after 1960, 1.3 for MV Sgr, 1.3 for V348 Sgr, and 0.7 for HV 2671. This secular fading is caused by the expected evolution of the star across the top of the Hertzsprung-Russell (HR) diagram at constant luminosity, as the temperature rises and the bolometric correction changes. For DY Cen, the brightness at maximum light is rising from 1906 to 1932, and this is caused by the temperature increase from near 5800 to 7500 K. Before 1934, DY Cen had frequent dust dips, while after 1934 there are zero dust dips, so there is some apparent connection between the rising temperature and the formation of the dust. Thus, we have watched DY Cen evolve from an ordinary RCB star up to a hot RCB star and now appearing as an extreme helium star, all in under one century.

  9. Hydroxylation and Carboxylation—Two Crucial Steps of Anaerobic Benzene Degradation by Dechloromonas Strain RCB

    OpenAIRE

    Chakraborty, Romy; Coates, John D.

    2005-01-01

    Benzene is a highly toxic industrial compound that is essential to the production of various chemicals, drugs, and fuel oils. Due to its toxicity and carcinogenicity, much recent attention has been focused on benzene biodegradation, especially in the absence of molecular oxygen. However, the mechanism by which anaerobic benzene biodegradation occurs is still unclear. This is because until the recent isolation of Dechloromonas strains JJ and RCB no organism that anaerobically degraded benzene ...

  10. All Known Hot RCB Stars Are Fading Fast Over the Last Century

    CERN Document Server

    Schaefer, Bradley E

    2016-01-01

    The R Coronae Borealis (RCB) stars are cool supergiants that display irregular and deep dips in their light curves, caused by dust formation. There are four known hot RCB stars (DY Cen, MV Sgr, V348 Sgr, and HV 2671), with surface temperatures of 15,000--25,000 K, and prior work has suggested that three of these have secular fading in brightness. I have tested this result by measuring century-long light curves in the Johnson B-band with modern comparison star magnitudes, and I have extended this by measuring many magnitudes over a wide time range as well as for the fourth hot RCB star. In all four cases, the B-band magnitude of the maximum light is now fast fading. The fading rates (in units of magnitudes per century) are 2.5 for DY Cen after 1960, 1.3 for MV Sgr, 1.3 for V348 Sgr, and 0.7 for HV 2671. This secular fading is caused by the expected evolution of the star across the top of the HR diagram at constant luminosity, as the temperature rises and the bolometric correction changes. For DY Cen, the brigh...

  11. Antitussive activity of ethanolic extract of Curcuma aromatica rhizomes on sulfur dioxide induced cough in mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marina, G.D.; Kekuda, T.R Prashith; Sudarshan, S.J

    2008-01-01

    Ethanolic extract of rhizomes of Curcuma aromatica (Zingiberaceae) was investigated for its antitussive effect on Sulfur dioxide induced cough model in mice. The extract exhibited significant antitussive activity in a dose dependant manner. The activity was compared with the prototype antitussive agent codeine phosphate. The ethanolic extract at the dose of lOOmg. 200mg and 400mg/kg body weight, po, showed 68%, 74% and 79% of inhibition of cough with respect to control group. PMID:22557276

  12. In vitro propagation of Homalomena aromatica Schott., an endangered aromatic medicinal herb of Northeast India

    OpenAIRE

    Raomai, Shiveirou; Kumaria, Suman; Tandon, Pramod

    2013-01-01

    A successful report on the in vitro propagation of Homalomena aromatica via rhizome axillary bud multiplication is presented. Rhizome bud explants were cultured on Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with various concentrations of cytokinins to induce multiple shoot formation for micropropagation. The highest number of shoots was achieved in MS medium supplemented with 2.0 mg l−1 6-benzylaminopurine. The regenerated shoots rooted most efficiently on half-strength MS medium supplemented wi...

  13. Mites associated to Xylopia aromatica (Lam. Mart. (Annonaceae in urban and rural fragments of semidecidual forest

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    Felipe M. Nuvoloni

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Mites associated to Xylopia aromatica (Lam. Mart. (Annonaceae in urban and rural fragments of semidecidual forest. Native plants can shelter a great diversity of mites. Notwithstanding, the conservation of the forest fragments where the plants are located can influence the structure of the mites community. Generally, in homogenous environments the diversity is lower due to the dominance of one or a few species. In this work, we studied the mite community on Xylopia aromatica (Lam. Mart. (Annonaceae in two fragments of semidecidual forest: one on rural and other on urban area. Seven individuals of X. aromatica were monthly sampled from April 2007 to March 2008, in each of these fragments. Descriptive indexes of diversity, dominance and evenness were applied to verify the ecological patterns of the mite community, besides the Student's t-test to compare the abundance between the fragments. We collected 27,365 mites of 37 species belonging to 11 families. Calacarus sp. (Eriophyidae was the most abundant species, representing 73% of the total sampled. The abundance was greater in the urban fragment (67.7%, with the diversity index reaching only 25% of the theoretical maximum expected. Probably, these values might have been influenced by the location of this fragment in the urban area, being more homogeneous and submitted directly to the presence of atmospheric pollution. In this manner, X. aromatica is able to shelter a higher diversity of mites when inserted in preserved ecosystems, since the highest diversity of available resources allows the establishment of richer and most diverse mite community.

  14. Leaf development in Xylopia aromatica (Lam) Mart. (Annonaceae): implications for palatability to Stenoma scitiorella Walker 1864 (Lepidoptera: Elachistidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varanda, E M; Costa, A A; Barosela, J R

    2008-11-01

    Variations in specific foliar mass and water content, nitrogen, soluble carbohydrates and tannins were studied during the growth and maturation processes of the Xylopia aromatica leaves, to determine the effects of such alterations on the herbivory of Stenoma scitiorella caterpillars. This work was carried out in the physiognomy of the typical cerrado of the Parque Estadual de Vassununga, Gleba Pé-de Gigante, Santa Rita do Passa Quatro, São Paulo State, Brazil. While nutritional quality (water and nitrogen) decreases during expansion and maturation of Xylopia aromatica leaves, the chemical (tannins) and physical (sclerophylly) defenses are raised. In agreement with the observations on herbivory, the results support the hypothesis that the reduction in palatability and increase in chemical defenses of Xylopia aromatica leaves account for the caterpillars' preference for young expanding leaves. PMID:19197502

  15. Curcuma aromatica Water Extract Attenuates Ethanol-Induced Gastritis via Enhancement of Antioxidant Status

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Woo-Young Jeon

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Curcuma aromatica is an herbal medicine and traditionally used for the treatment of various diseases in Asia. We investigated the effects of C. aromatica water extract (CAW in the stomach of rats with ethanol-induced gastritis. Gastritis was induced in rats by intragastric administration of 5 mL/kg body weight of absolute ethanol. The CAW groups were given 250 or 500 mg of extract/kg 2 h before administration of ethanol, respectively. To determine the antioxidant effects of CAW, we determined the level of lipid peroxidation, the level of reduced glutathione (GSH, the activities of catalase, degree of inflammation, and mucus production in the stomach. CAW reduced ethanol-induced inflammation and loss of epithelial cells and increased the mucus production in the stomach. CAW reduced the increase in lipid peroxidation associated with ethanol-induced gastritis (250 and 500 mg/kg, p<0.01, resp. and increased mucosal GSH content (500 mg/kg, p<0.01 and the activity of catalase (250 and 500 mg/kg, p<0.01, resp.. CAW increased the production of prostaglandin E2. These findings suggest that CAW protects against ethanol-induced gastric mucosa injury by increasing antioxidant status. We suggest that CAW could be developed for the treatment of gastritis induced by alcohol.

  16. 40 CFR 180.1179 - Plant extract derived from Opuntia lindheimeri, Quercus falcata, Rhus aromatica, and Rhizophoria...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Plant extract derived from Opuntia... Tolerances § 180.1179 Plant extract derived from Opuntia lindheimeri, Quercus falcata, Rhus aromatica, and Rhizophoria mangle; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. The biochemical pesticide plant...

  17. Adaptation of anaerobically grown Thauera aromatica, Geobacter sulfurreducens and Desulfococcus multivorans to organic solvents on the level of membrane fatty acid composition

    OpenAIRE

    Duldhardt, Ilka; Gaebel, Julia; Chrzanowski, Lukasz; Nijenhuis, Ivonne; Härtig, Claus; Schauer, Frieder; Heipieper, Hermann J.

    2010-01-01

    Summary The effect of different solvents and pollutants on the cellular fatty acid composition of three bacterial strains: Thauera aromatica, Geobacter sulfurreducens and Desulfococcus multivorans, representatives of diverse predominant anaerobic metabolisms was investigated. As the prevailing adaptive mechanism in cells of T. aromatica and G. sulfurreducens whose cellular fatty acids patterns were dominated by palmitic acid (C16:0) and palmitoleic acid (C16:1cis), the cells reacted by an inc...

  18. BUS 501 Str course tutorial / uophelp

    OpenAIRE

    uophel

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com     BUS 501 Week 3 Assignment 1 The Independent Government Cost Estimate and the Statement of Work (Str Course) BUS 501 Week 4 Assignment 2 Types of Contracts and Performance-Based Acquisition (Str Course) BUS 501 Week 7 Assignment 3 Small Business Program and Source Selection Plans (Str Course) BUS 501 Assignment 4 Technical and Cost or Price Evaluations and Price Reasonableness (Str Course) BUS 501 Wee...

  19. Antibacterial activity of rhizome of curcuma aromatica and partial purification of active compounds

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    S Revathi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The hexane extract of Curcuma aromatica, a plant belonging to the family Zingiberaceae was tested on 10 bacterial strains (clinical isolates and standard strains. Agar diffusion method was adopted for determining the antibacterial activity of the extract. The hexane extract was found to be active against all Gram-positive strains tested, but inactive against Gram-negative strains. The minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration were determined and found to be 539 ΅g/ml. The phytochemical analysis of hexane extract by gas chromatography mass spectrometry revealed the presence of 13 compounds. The crude hexane extract was partially purified by thin layer chromatography. The zone showing good antibacterial activity was analysed further by gas chromatography mass spectrometry, UV/Vis spectrophotometry and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, which indicated the probable presence of germacrone.

  20. Color improvement by irradiation of Curcuma aromatica extract for industrial application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Curcuma species are medicinal herbs with various pharmacological activities. They have a characteristic yellow color and contain curcuminoids which are natural antioxidants. In this study, Curcuma aromatica (Canada) and Curcuma longa (CL) extracts were gamma-irradiated for improving the color, and the irradiation effects on the curcuminoids contents in CA and CL extracts were determined in order to evaluate if CA can replace CL on the market, where the price of CA is 70% lower than the price of CL. The Hunter color L*-values were increased significantly in all the samples with increasing dose, while the a*-values and b*-values decreased, which implies that the color of the CA and CL extracts changed from dark yellow to brighter yellow. Curcuminoids contents of all the samples were evaluated, and CA contains more curcuminoids than CL. These results indicated that irradiation improved the properties of CA for possible industrial use in manufacturing food and cosmetic industrial products

  1. Color improvement by irradiation of Curcuma aromatica extract for industrial application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jae Kyung [Radiation Food Science and Biotechnology Team, Advanced Radiation Technology Institute, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 1266 Sinjeong-dong, Jeongeup 580-185 (Korea, Republic of); Jo, Cheorun [Radiation Food Science and Biotechnology Team, Advanced Radiation Technology Institute, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 1266 Sinjeong-dong, Jeongeup 580-185 (Korea, Republic of); Hwang, Han Joon [Graduate School of Biotechnology, Korea University, 5-1, Anam-dong, Sungbuk-Gu, Seoul 136-701 (Korea, Republic of); Park, Hyun Jin [Graduate School of Biotechnology, Korea University, 5-1, Anam-dong, Sungbuk-Gu, Seoul 136-701 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Young Ji [Division of Food Beverage and Culinary Arts, Younganm College of Science and Technology, Daegu 705-703 (Korea, Republic of); Byun, Myung Woo [Radiation Food Science and Biotechnology Team, Advanced Radiation Technology Institute, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 1266 Sinjeong-dong, Jeongeup 580-185 (Korea, Republic of)]. E-mail: mwbyun@kaeri.re.kr

    2006-03-15

    Curcuma species are medicinal herbs with various pharmacological activities. They have a characteristic yellow color and contain curcuminoids which are natural antioxidants. In this study, Curcuma aromatica (Canada) and Curcuma longa (CL) extracts were gamma-irradiated for improving the color, and the irradiation effects on the curcuminoids contents in CA and CL extracts were determined in order to evaluate if CA can replace CL on the market, where the price of CA is 70% lower than the price of CL. The Hunter color L*-values were increased significantly in all the samples with increasing dose, while the a*-values and b*-values decreased, which implies that the color of the CA and CL extracts changed from dark yellow to brighter yellow. Curcuminoids contents of all the samples were evaluated, and CA contains more curcuminoids than CL. These results indicated that irradiation improved the properties of CA for possible industrial use in manufacturing food and cosmetic industrial products.

  2. Color improvement by irradiation of Curcuma aromatica extract for industrial application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jae Kyung; Jo, Cheorun; Hwang, Han Joon; Park, Hyun Jin; Kim, Young Ji; Byun, Myung Woo

    2006-03-01

    Curcuma species are medicinal herbs with various pharmacological activities. They have a characteristic yellow color and contain curcuminoids which are natural antioxidants. In this study, Curcuma aromatica (CA) and Curcuma longa (CL) extracts were gamma-irradiated for improving the color, and the irradiation effects on the curcuminoids contents in CA and CL extracts were determined in order to evaluate if CA can replace CL on the market, where the price of CA is 70% lower than the price of CL. The Hunter color L*-values were increased significantly in all the samples with increasing dose, while the a*-values and b*-values decreased, which implies that the color of the CA and CL extracts changed from dark yellow to brighter yellow. Curcuminoids contents of all the samples were evaluated, and CA contains more curcuminoids than CL. These results indicated that irradiation improved the properties of CA for possible industrial use in manufacturing food and cosmetic industrial products.

  3. Davis Strædet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Råstofdirektoratet planlægger at udbyde flere licensområder med henblik på efterforskning og udvinding af olie og gas i den grønlandske del af Davis Stræde. Som en del af beslutningsgrundlaget har Råstofdirektoratet bedt DCE – Nationalt Center for Miljø og Energi og Grønlands Naturinstitut om at ...

  4. Effect of Cinnamomum burmannii Nees ex Bl. and Massoia aromatica Becc. Essential Oils on Planktonic Growth and Biofilm formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus In Vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvia Utami Tunjung Pratiwi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Summary. Biofilms are communities of microorganisms that can be found in almost every habitat. They can be attached to a surface and protected by an extracellular matrix of biomolecules that substantially protect microorganisms from environmental effects. The aim of this research is to explore the potency of essential oils from Cinnamomum burmannii Nees ex Bl. and Massoia aromatica Becc. against planktonic growth and biofilm formation of, two opportunistic pathogens, Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and Staphylococcus aureus Cowan I. Essential oil from C. burmannii  and M. aromatica showed a 50% inhibition of  P. aeruginosa and S. aureus planktonic growth (PMIC50 at concentration of 0.12 % v/v. Essential oil from C. burmannii and M.  aromatica showed capability to inhibit 50% (MBIC50 of P. aeruginosa and S. aureus biofilm formation at concentration of 0.03 % v/v, whereas higher concentration (0.12 % v/v was needed by C. burmannii and M. aromatica oil to disrupt 50% of P. aeruginosa and S. aureus established biofilm. The analysis by GC-MS showed cinnamic aldehyde (92.02 % to be the major component of C. burmannii essential oil, whereas Massoialactone (92.05 % was the main constituent of M. aromatica essential oil. The results obtained in this study have made the oil of C. burmannii and M. aromatica oil as an interesting source for antibiofilm agents in the development of new strategies to treat infections caused by P. aeruginosa and  S. aureus biofilm.Industrial Relevance. Instead of freely swimming in solution (planktonic, in nature microbial tends to adhere to surfaces, and develop microbial biofilms. Microbial biofilms are exhibits resistance to both antimicrobial drugs and the host defence systems, which often results in persistent and difficult-to-treat infections. This makes the discovery of anti-infective agents which are active against planktonic and biofilm microbial represents an important goal. Plant is an interesting source for finding

  5. Venezenin: a new bioactive Annonaceous acetogenin from the bark of Xylopia aromatica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colman-Saizarbitoria, T; Gu, Z M; Zhao, G X; Zeng, L; Kozlowski, J F; McLaughlin, J L

    1995-04-01

    Asimicin and a new cytotoxic Annonaceous acetogenin, venezenin [1], were isolated from the bark of Xylopia aromatica by bioactivity-directed fractionation using lethality to brine shrimp. Compound 1 represents an unusual type of C37 Annonaceous acetogenin, lacking either tetrahydrofuran (THF) or epoxide rings and possessing a double bond located two methylenes away from a vicinal diol in the hydrocarbon chain. The structure of 1 was elucidated by 1H- and 13C-nmr, COSY, single-relayed COSY, and by HMBC techniques, and derivatization. Annomontacin 10-one [6] and 18/21-cis-annomontacin-10-one [7], two semi-synthetic mono-THF acetogenins were prepared from 1. These acetogenins showed cytotoxicity, comparable or superior to adriamycin, against three human solid tumor cell lines. Reduction of the 10-keto of 1 to the racemic OH-10 derivative enhanced the bioactivity, as did the conversion of 1 to 6 and 7. Venezenin [1], like other Annonaceous acetogenins, showed inhibition of oxygen uptake by rat liver mitochondria and demonstrated that the THF ring may not be essential to this mode of action. PMID:7623031

  6. All Known Hot RCB Stars Are Fading at an Average Rate of 1.11±0.26 Magnitude Per Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, Bradley E.

    2016-05-01

    The R Coronae Borealis (RCB) stars are cool supergiants that display irregular and deep dips in their light curves, caused by dust formation. There are four known hot RCB stars (DY Cen, MV Sgr, V348 Sgr, and HV 2671), with surface temperatures of 15,000-25,000 K, and prior work has suggested that three of these have secular fading in brightness. I have tested this result by measuring century-long light curves in the Johnson B-band with modern comparison star magnitudes, and I have extended this by measuring many magnitudes over a wide time range as well as for the fourth hot RCB star. In all four cases, the B-band magnitude of the maximum light is fading, with an average rate of 1.11±0.26 magnitudes per century. This secular fading is caused by the expected evolution of the star across the top of the HR diagram at constant luminosity, as the temperature rises and the bolometric correction changes. For DY Cen, the brightness at maximum light is rising from 1906 to 1932, and this is caused by the temperature increase from near 5,800 to 7,500 K. Before 1934 DY Cen had frequent dust dips, while after 1934 there are zero dust dips, so there is some apparent connection between the rising temperature and the formation of the dust. Thus, we have watched DY Cen evolve from an ordinary RCB star up to a hot RCB star and now appearing as an extreme helium star, all in under one century.

  7. Inhibitory effects of Curcuma aromatica oil on proliferation of hepatoma in mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wan Yin Wu; Qin Xu; Ling Chun Shi; Wei Bin Zhang

    2000-01-01

    AIM To reveal the inhibitory effects of Curcuma aromatica oil ( CAO ) on cell proliferation of hepatoma in mice. METHODS Two tumor inhibitory experiments of CAO on hepatoma in mice were conducted.The inhibitory effects of CAO on proliferation of hepatoma in mice were evaluated by DNA image cytometry and immunohistochemical staining of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA).RESULTS The tumor inhibitory rates of CAO were 52% and 51% in two experiments,respectively. Compared with those of the salinetreated control groups, both differences were statistically significant (P < 0.01). In the group of mice treated with CAO, the cellular nuclear DNA OD value (249 ± 70), areas (623μnm2 ±228 μm2) and DNA (2.38 ± 0.67) index of hepatic carcinomas were significantly lower than those of the control group (430 ± 160, 1073μm2 ± 101 um2 and 4.48 ± 0.71 ). CAO also could increase diploidy cell rates (29.00% ± 9.34% vs 2.97% ± 5.69%, P<0.01 ) and decrease pentaploidy cell exceeding rate (30.04% ± 15.10% vs 70.89%±14.94%, P<0.01). In the group of mice treated with CAO, the labeling indexes of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA-LI) were 30% ± 4%, which were significantly lower than 40% ± 6% of the control group (P<0.01). CONCLUSION The inhibition of CAO on the growth of hepatoma in mice might be associated with its depression on cellular proliferative activity.

  8. Safety of Curcuma aromatica oil gelatin microspheres administered via hepatic artery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shi-Gui Deng; Zhi-Feng Wu; Wei-Ying Li; Zhi-Gang Yang; Gang Chang; Fan-Zhe Meng; Li-Li Mo

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the safety of Curcuma aromatica oilgelatin microspheres (CAO-GMS) infused via hepatic artery against primary liver cancer.METHODS: The safety of CAO-GMS was evaluated in view of its acute toxicity in rats, long-term toxicity in Beagle dogs and general pharmacology in rats and mongrel dogs. RESULTS: The 50% lethal dose (LD50) of CAO-GMS infusedvia the hepatic artery was 17.19 mg/kg, and the serum biochemical indices of dying rats after the administration changed markedly while those of survived rats did not. Subsequent pathological examination of the tissues from the dead rats indicated improper embolism. Similar edema and small necrotic foci in the hepatic Iobule were found in the hepatic tissue of rats receiving 10 and 5 mg/kg CAO GMS and GMS 60 d after the last administration, while not in the rats of the blank control group, indicating that microspheres infused via the hepatic artery may induce irreversible liver damage dose-dependently. General pharmacological study showed that the activities (postureand gait), respiration frequency, blood pressure or heart rate of the dogs were not affected by CAO-GMS, nor were salivation, tremor or pupil changes of the rats observed or their balancing ability compromised, suggesting CAO-GMSinfused via the hepatic artery did not significantly affect the nervous, respiratory and cardiovascular systems. CONCLUSION: CAO-GMS embolization administered via the hepatic artery is safe but undesired embolization induced by vascular variation should be given due attention in its clinical application. Individualized embolization dosage and super-selective catheterization technique are recommended to avoid undesired embolism and reduce complications.

  9. Genetic Variability of the Narrow Endemic Tree Antirhea aromatica Castillo‐Campos & Lorence, (Rubiaceae, Guettardeae) in a Tropical Forest of Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    GONZÁLEZ‐ASTORGA, JORGE; CASTILLO‐CAMPOS, GONZALO

    2004-01-01

    • Background and Aims Genetic structure and variability were examined in the only three extant populations of the narrow‐endemic tree Antirhea aromatica (Rubiaceae, Guettardeae), an endangered species of the tropical forest of eastern Mexico. Patterns of genetic diversity within and among populations for adult plants and seedlings were obtained.

  10. 温莪术内生真菌的分离及其分类鉴定%Isolation and Identification of Endophytic Fungi from Curcuma aromatica Salisb

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳红; 汪洪; 徐磊; 杨信东

    2009-01-01

    Objective To isolate and identify the endophytic fungi of different positions in Curcuma aromatica Salisb. Method-S Endophytic fungi were isolated from healthy roots, stems and leaves of Curcuma aromatical Salisb and identified with conventional method. Results Ninty - nine strains of endophytic fungi belong to 21 genus were isolated and morhpologically identified from Curcuma aromatica Salisb. Forty -two strains of 11 genera were isolated in roots, 12strains of 4 genera in stems,and 45 strains of 12 genera in leaves. Conclusion The quantity,population and distribution of the endophytic fungi are various in different position of Curcuma aromatica Salisb.%目的 对温莪术不同部位内生真菌进分离和分类鉴定.方法 采用内生菌常规分离法对健康温莪术根、茎和叶的内生真菌进行了分离和鉴定.结果 从温莪术中分离得到了99株内生真菌,经鉴定为21属,其中根部42株涉及11属,茎部12株涉及4属,叶部45株涉及12属.结论 温莪术的不同部位内生真菌的数量、分布和种群存在差异.

  11. Y chromosomal STR analysis using Pyrosequencing technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edlund, Hanna; Allen, Marie

    2009-03-01

    Analysis of Y chromosome STR markers has proven to be useful in forensic cases where the samples contain a mixture of DNA from several individuals. STR markers are commonly genotyped based on length separation of PCR products. In this study we evaluated if Pyrosequencing can be used as an alternative method for determining Y-STR variants. In total 70 unrelated Swedish males were typed for the Y chromosomal markers (DYS19, DYS389 I-II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393 and DYS438) using Pyrosequencing. Using the 8 markers, 57 unique haplotypes were observed with a discrimination capacity of 0.81. At four loci, the Pyrosequencing analysis revealed sequence variants. The sequence variants were found in the DYS389 II, DYS390, DYS391, and DYS393 loci in frequencies between 1.43% and 14.3%. Pyrosequencing has here been shown to be a useful tool for typing Y chromosomal STRs and the method can provide a complement to conventional forensic Y STR analyses. Moreover, the Pyrosequencing method can be used to rapidly evaluate novel markers. PMID:19215881

  12. House for Niels Strøyberg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Welling, Helen

    2007-01-01

    The house for Niels Strøyberg in Hasseris near Aalborg, Denmark, is a notable example of early modernism in an unconventional way. Although Poul Henningsen's approach to the dwelling was thoroughly functional, he added a number of visual effects to provide a sense of dynamism to the spatial perce...

  13. Mutation Rates of STR Systems in Danes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Kim Emil; Bøttcher, Susanne Gammelgaard; Christensen, Susanne; Eriksen, Poul Svante; Højbjerre, Malene; Hallenberg, C.; Simonsen, B.; Morling, N.

    the rest of 2005, hereafter named the IDFL. All cases with one to four genetic inconsistencies were manually inspected by two forensic geneticists and statistically analyzed by five statisticians. We found no significant effect of kits and no interaction of kits and STRA loci, but differences in...... loci and kits. Sex and STR locus specific mutation rates were estimated with 95% confidence limits by the method of Clopper and Pearson (1934)....

  14. Associations between STR autosomal markers and longevity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bediaga, N G; Aznar, J M; Elcoroaristizabal, X; Albóniga, O; Gómez-Busto, F; Artaza Artabe, I; Rocandio, Ana; de Pancorbo, M M

    2015-10-01

    Life span is a complex and multifactorial trait, which is shaped by genetic, epigenetic, environmental, and stochastic factors. The possibility that highly hypervariable short tandem repeats (STRs) associated with longevity has been largely explored by comparing the genotypic pools of long lived and younger individuals, but results so far have been contradictory. In view of these contradictory findings, the present study aims to investigate whether HUMTHO1 and HUMCSF1PO STRs, previously associated with longevity, exert a role as a modulator of life expectancy, as well as to assess the extent to which other autosomal STR markers are associated with human longevity in population from northern Spain. To that end, 21 autosomal microsatellite markers have been studied in 304 nonagenarian individuals (more than 90 years old) and 516 younger controls of European descent. Our results do not confirm the association found in previous studies between longevity and THO1 and CSF1PO loci. However, significant association between longevity and autosomal STR markers D12S391, D22S1045, and DS441 was observed. Even more, when we compared allelic frequency distribution of the 21 STR markers between cases and controls, we found that 6 out of the 21 STRs studied showed different allelic frequencies, thus suggesting that the genomic portrait of the human longevity is far complex and probably shaped by a high number of genomic loci. PMID:26335621

  15. Validation of STR typing by capillary electrophoresis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moretti, T R; Baumstark, A L; Defenbaugh, D A; Keys, K M; Brown, A L; Budowle, B

    2001-05-01

    With the use of capillary electrophoresis (CE), high-resolution electrophoretic separation of short tandem repeat (STR) loci can be achieved in a semiautomated fashion. Laser-induced detection of fluorescently labeled PCR products and multicolor analysis enable the rapid generation of multilocus DNA profiles. In this study, conditions for typing PCR-amplified STR loci by capillary electrophoresis were investigated using the ABI Prism 310 Genetic Analyzer (Applied Biosystems). An internal size standard was used with each run to effectively normalize mobility differences among injections. Alleles were designated by comparison to allelic ladders that were run with each sample set. Multiple runs of allelic ladders and of amplified samples demonstrate that allele sizes were reproducible, with standard deviations typically less than 0.12 bases for fragments up to 317 bases in length (largest allele analyzed) separated in a 47 cm capillary. Therefore, 99.7% of all alleles that are the same length should fall within the measurement error window of +/- 0.36 bases. Microvariants of the tetranucleotide repeats were also accurately typed by the analytical software. Alleles differing in size by one base could be resolved in two-donor DNA mixtures in which the minor component comprised > or = 5% of the total DNA. Furthermore, the quantitative data format (i.e., peak amplitude) can in some instances assist in determining individual STR profiles in mixed samples. DNA samples from previously typed cases (typed for RFLP, AmpliType PM+DQA1, and/or D1S80) were amplified using AmpFlSTR Profiler Plus and COfiler and were evaluated using the ABI Prism 310. Most samples yielded typable results. Compared with previously determined results for other loci, there were no discrepancies as to the inclusion or exclusion of suspects or victims. CE thus provides efficient separation, resolution, sensitivity and precision, and the analytical software provides reliable genotyping of STR loci. The

  16. REPRODUCING THE OBSERVED ABUNDANCES IN RCB AND HdC STARS WITH POST-DOUBLE-DEGENERATE MERGER MODELS—CONSTRAINTS ON MERGER AND POST-MERGER SIMULATIONS AND PHYSICS PROCESSES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The R Coronae Borealis (RCB) stars are hydrogen-deficient, variable stars that are most likely the result of He-CO WD mergers. They display extremely low oxygen isotopic ratios, 16O/18O ≅ 1-10, 12C/13C ≥ 100, and enhancements up to 2.6 dex in F and in s-process elements from Zn to La, compared to solar. These abundances provide stringent constraints on the physical processes during and after the double-degenerate merger. As shown previously, O-isotopic ratios observed in RCB stars cannot result from the dynamic double-degenerate merger phase, and we now investigate the role of the long-term one-dimensional spherical post-merger evolution and nucleosynthesis based on realistic hydrodynamic merger progenitor models. We adopt a model for extra envelope mixing to represent processes driven by rotation originating in the dynamical merger. Comprehensive nucleosynthesis post-processing simulations for these stellar evolution models reproduce, for the first time, the full range of the observed abundances for almost all the elements measured in RCB stars: 16O/18O ratios between 9 and 15, C-isotopic ratios above 100, and ∼1.4-2.35 dex F enhancements, along with enrichments in s-process elements. The nucleosynthesis processes in our models constrain the length and temperature in the dynamic merger shell-of-fire feature as well as the envelope mixing in the post-merger phase. s-process elements originate either in the shell-of-fire merger feature or during the post-merger evolution, but the contribution from the asymptotic giant branch progenitors is negligible. The post-merger envelope mixing must eventually cease ∼106 yr after the dynamic merger phase before the star enters the RCB phase

  17. Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in Central Thai population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siriboonpiputtana, T; Jomsawat, U; Rinthachai, T; Thanakitgosate, J; Shotivaranon, J; Limsuwanachot, N; Polyorat, P; Rerkamnuaychoke, B

    2010-04-01

    12 Y-STR loci (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385a/b, DYS438, DYS439 and DYS437) were typed with PowerPlex Y System (Promega, USA) in a total sample of 501 unrelated males from the central part of Thailand. Allele frequencies and gene diversity for each Y-STR locus were determined. Haplotype diversity from the combined 12 Y-STR loci was 0.9996. The present results can be used as Thai ethnic genetic information resources in routine forensic analysis. PMID:20215020

  18. Adaptation of anaerobically grown Thauera aromatica, Geobacter sulfurreducens and Desulfococcus multivorans to organic solvents on the level of membrane fatty acid composition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duldhardt, Ilka; Gaebel, Julia; Chrzanowski, Lukasz; Nijenhuis, Ivonne; Härtig, Claus; Schauer, Frieder; Heipieper, Hermann J

    2010-03-01

    The effect of different solvents and pollutants on the cellular fatty acid composition of three bacterial strains: Thauera aromatica, Geobacter sulfurreducens and Desulfococcus multivorans, representatives of diverse predominant anaerobic metabolisms was investigated. As the prevailing adaptive mechanism in cells of T. aromatica and G. sulfurreducens whose cellular fatty acids patterns were dominated by palmitic acid (C16:0) and palmitoleic acid (C16:1cis), the cells reacted by an increase in the degree of saturation of their membrane fatty acids when grown in the presence of sublethal concentrations of the chemicals. Next to palmitic acid C16:0, the fatty acid pattern of D. multivorans was dominated by anteiso-branched fatty acids which are characteristic for several sulfate-reducing bacteria. The cells responded to the solvents with an increase in the ratio of straight-chain saturated (C14:0, C16:0, C18:0) to anteiso-branched fatty acids (C15:0anteiso, C17:0anteiso, C17:1anteisoΔ9cis). The results show that anaerobic bacteria react with similar mechanisms like aerobic bacteria in order to adapt their membrane to toxic organic solvents. The observed adaptive modifications on the level of membrane fatty acid composition can only be carried out with de novo synthesis of the fatty acids which is strictly related to cell growth. As the growth rates of anaerobic bacteria are generally much lower than in the so far investigated aerobic bacteria, this adaptive response needs more time in anaerobic bacteria. This might be one explanation for the previously observed higher sensitivity of anaerobic bacteria when compared with aerobic ones. PMID:21255320

  19. STR DNA genotyping of hydatidiform moles in South China

    OpenAIRE

    Zheng, Xing-Zheng; Hui, Pei; Chang, Bin; Gao, Zhi-Bin; LI Yan; WU, BING-QUAN; Bo ZHANG

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To evacuate whether short-tandem-repeat (STR) DNA genotyping is effective for diagnostic measure to precisely classify hydatidiform moles. Methods: 150 cases were selected based on histologic features that were previously diagnosed or suspected molar pregnancy. All sections were stained with hematoxylin as a quality control method, and guided the microscopic dissection. DNA was extracted from dissected chorionic villi and paired maternal endometrial FFPE tissue sections. Then, STR ...

  20. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U11414-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 01 |pid:none) Pseudomonas viridiflava pectate lyase ... 76 5e-12 CP000089_970( CP000089 |pid:none) Dechloromonas aromatic... CP000089_1809( CP000089 |pid:none) Dechloromonas aromatica RCB, co... 94 2e-17 BA000045_718( BA000045 |pid:none) Gloeobacte.... 86 4e-15 CP000089_8( CP000089 |pid:none) Dechloromonas aromatica RCB, compl... 86 4e-15 CP001103_3140( CP001103 |pid:none) Alte...agnetococcus sp. MC-1, complete... 81 1e-13 CP000089_4109( CP000089 |pid:none) Dechloromonas aromatica RCB, ...0089_3519( CP000089 |pid:none) Dechloromonas aromatica RCB, co... 80 3e-13 T47214( T47214 ) nik-1 protein [importe

  1. Evaluation of population variation at 17 autosomal STR and 16 Y-STR haplotype loci in Croatians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haliti, Naim; Carapina, Mirela; Masić, Marijana; Strinović, Davor; Klarić, Irena Martinović; Kubat, Milovan

    2009-09-01

    Seventeen autosomal STR loci (D8S1179, D21S11, D7S820, CSF1PO, D3S1358, TH01, D13S317, D16S539, D2S1338, D19S433, VWA, TPOX, D18S51, D5S818, FGA, Penta E and Penta D) and 16 Y-STR haplotype loci (DYS19, DYS385, DYS389I, DYS398II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635 and GATA H4.1) were analyzed in the sample of 200 unrelated Croatians. The agreement with HWE was confirmed for all autosomal STR loci. The combined power of discrimination (PD) and the combined power of exclusion (PE) for the 17 autosomal STR loci were 0.999999999999999999682299331476 and 0.99999995, respectively. Penta E proved to be the most informative autosomal STR locus. Among 200 Croatian males, 197 Y-STR haplotypes were identified and haplotype diversity was estimated at 0.9998+/-0.0005. PMID:19647700

  2. Using probabilistic theory to develop interpretation guidelines for Y-STR profiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Duncan; Bright, Jo-Anne; Buckleton, John

    2016-03-01

    Y-STR profiling makes up a small but important proportion of forensic DNA casework. Often Y-STR profiles are used when autosomal profiling has failed to yield an informative result. Consequently Y-STR profiles are often from the most challenging samples. In addition to these points, Y-STR loci are linked, meaning that evaluation of haplotype probabilities are either based on overly simplified counting methods or computationally costly genetic models, neither of which extend well to the evaluation of mixed Y-STR data. For all of these reasons Y-STR data analysis has not seen the same advances as autosomal STR data. We present here a probabilistic model for the interpretation of Y-STR data. Due to the fact that probabilistic systems for Y-STR data are still some way from reaching active casework, we also describe how data can be analysed in a continuous way to generate interpretational thresholds and guidelines. PMID:26706152

  3. Genetic Diversity in Gorkhas: an Autosomal STR Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preet, Kiran; Malhotra, Seema; Shrivastava, Pankaj; Jain, Toshi; Rawat, Shweta; Varte, L Robert; Singh, Sayar; Singh, Inderjeet; Sarkar, Soma

    2016-01-01

    Genotyping of highly polymorphic autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) markers is a potent tool for elucidating genetic diversity. In the present study, fifteen autosomal STR markers were analyzed in unrelated healthy male Gorkha individuals (n = 98) serving in the Indian Army by using AmpFlSTR Identifiler Plus PCR Amplification Kit. In total, 138 alleles were observed with corresponding allele frequencies ranging from 0.005 to 0.469. The studied loci were in Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium (HWE). Heterozygosity ranged from 0.602 to 0.867. The most polymorphic locus was Fibrinogen Alpha (FGA) chain which was also the most discriminating locus as expected. Neighbor Joining (NJ) tree and principal component analysis (PCA) plot clustered the Gorkhas with those of Nepal and other Tibeto-Burman population while lowlander Indian population formed separate cluster substantiating the closeness of the Gorkhas with the Tibeto-Burman linguistic phyla. Furthermore, the dataset of STR markers obtained in the study presents a valuable information source of STR DNA profiles from personnel for usage in disaster victim identification in military exigencies and adds to the Indian database of military soldiers and military hospital repository. PMID:27580933

  4. GENETIC POLYMORPHISM OF STR LOCI IN CHINESE DRUNGS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Objective:To study the STR polymorphism in Chinese Drungs.Methods:The genetic distributions of 15 STR loci and Amelogenin locus were generated through coamplification,genescan and genotype from 65 Drungs Results:There were 144 STR and 2 Amelogenin alleles in Drung nationality,with their frequencies ranging from 0.0077 to 0.7846,H0.3723-0.8639,DP0.5567-0.9548,EPP0.2738-0.8358,and PIC 0.3461-0.8456,the accumulative DP 0.9999998and EPP 0.9999894,Conclusion:The study founded a basis for the genetic structure of Chinese ethnic groups ,which is useful for the application to anthropology and forensic science.

  5. Stochastic filtering of quantitative data from STR DNA analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tvedebrink, Torben; Eriksen, Poul Svante; Mogensen, Helle Smidt;

    The quantitative data observed from analysing STR DNA is a mixture of contributions from various sources. Apart from the true allelic peaks, the observed signal consists of at least three components resulting from the measurement technique and the PCR amplification: Background noise (random noise...... controlled experiments conducted at The Section of Forensic Genetics, Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universityof Copenhagen, Denmark....

  6. Pavel Stránský of Zápy

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Mikulec, Jiří

    Praha : Historický ústav, 2015 - (Holý, M.), s. 87-92 ISBN 978-80-7286-259-7. - (Work of the Institute of History, Czech Academy of Sciences. Opera Instituti Historici Prague. Series A - Monographia. 59) Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : Pavel Stránský of Zápy * biography Subject RIV: AB - History

  7. Estimating stutter rates for Y-STR alleles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Mikkel Meyer; Olofsson, Jill Katharina; Mogensen, Helle Smidt;

    2011-01-01

    Stutter peaks are artefacts that arise during PCR amplification of short tandem repeats. Stutter peaks are especially important in forensic case work with DNA mixtures. The aim of the study was primarily to estimate the stutter rates of the AmpFlSTR Yfiler kit. We found that the stutter rates...

  8. Reproducing the observed abundances in RCB and HdC stars with post-double degenerate merger models - constraints on merger and post-merger simulations and physics processes

    CERN Document Server

    Menon, Athira; Denissenkov, Pavel A; Clayton, Geoffrey C; Staff, Jan; Pignatari, Marco; Paxton, Bill

    2012-01-01

    The R Coronae Borealis (RCB) stars along with the H-deficient Carbon stars (HdCs) and Extreme Helium stars (EHes), are believed to be the results of He-CO WD mergers. Their H-poor, C-rich atmospheres are characterized by very unusual isotopic ratios such as extremely low O16/O18 ~ 1 - 10, C12/C13 >= 100, and enhancements up to 2.6 dex in F and in s-process elements from Zn to La, compared to solar. As shown before such O-isotopic ratios cannot result from the dynamic double-degenerate merger phase. We therefore investigate now the role of the long-term post-merger evolution and nucleosynthesis. We construct post-merger 1D spherical models based on realistic merger progenitor models and the outcome of our previous hydrodynamic simulations and follow their evolution into the RCB domain of the HR diagram. Along with surface convection zones, we adopt a model for extra mixing that is meant to represent processes driven by rotation originating in the dynamical merger. We perform complete multi-zone post-processing...

  9. Numerische Simulation der aktiven Strömungsbeeinflussung in Turbomaschinen

    OpenAIRE

    Wunderer, Roland

    2010-01-01

    Im Rahmen dieser Arbeit wurde nachgewiesen, daß das Betriebsverhalten einer Francis Turbine im extremen Teillastbetrieb durch die Anregung der Strömung mit Hilfe schwingender Vorleitschaufeln verbessert werden kann. Die Vorleitschaufeln schwingen dabei mit bestimmten Frequenzen und Amplituden um ihre Aufhängungsachsen. Es wurde gezeigt, daß dadurch einerseits der hydraulische Wirkungsgrad gesteigert werden kann und andererseits sowohl die Amplituden der Druckschwankungen reduziert als auch de...

  10. Optimalizace webových stránek

    OpenAIRE

    Bača, Roman

    2008-01-01

    Tématem této bakalářské práce je optimalizace webových stránek pro vyhledávače (SEO), její realizace a popis činitelů, které na ni mají zásadní vliv. V prvním oddílu práce je pro lepší pochopení SEO přiblížena historie vyhledávačů a SEO, zásady pro tvorbu webových stránek a vysvětlen princip práce a struktura internetových vyhledávačů. Porovnává se zde také SEO s placenou formou reklamy PPC zaměřenou na zlepšení pozice stránky ve výsledcích vyhledávání. Po spíše teoreticky zaměřené části se p...

  11. Modellentwicklung und numerische Analyse zweiphasig geschichteter horizontaler Strömungen

    OpenAIRE

    Wintterle, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    Im Mittelpunkt dieser Arbeit steht die numerische Analyse von gegengerichteten horizontalen Wasser-Luft Strömungen. Im Besonderen werden die fließende, schießende und teilweise umgekehrte Strömung betrachtet. Diese Strömungsformen decken einen weiten Bereich an unterschiedlichen Wasser- und Luftmassenströmen ab und treten unter anderem bei der Einspeisung in den heißen Strang, wie dies bei einem Kühlmittel-verluststörfall vorkommt, auf. Die verschiedenen Strömungsformen besitzen aufgrund der ...

  12. Croatian national reference Y-STR haplotype database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mršić, Gordan; Gršković, Branka; Vrdoljak, Andro; Popović, Maja; Valpotić, Ivica; Anđelinović, Šimun; Stenzl, Vlastimil; Ehler, Edvard; Urban, Ludvik; Lacković, Gordana; Underhill, Peter; Primorac, Dragan

    2012-07-01

    A reference Y-chromosome short tandem repeat (STR) haplotype database is needed for Y-STR match interpretation as well as for national and regional characterization of populations. The aim of this study was to create a comprehensive Y-STR haplotype database of the Croatian contemporary population and to analyze substructure between the five Croatian regions. We carried out a statistical analysis of the data from previously performed genetic analyses collected during routine forensic work by the Forensic Science Centre "Ivan Vučetić". A total of 1,100 unrelated men from eastern, western, northern, southern and central Croatia were selected for the purpose of this study. Y-STRs were typed using the AmpFISTR Yfiler PCR amplification kit. Analysis of molecular variance calculated with the Y chromosome haplotype reference database online analysis tool included 16 population samples with 20,247 haplotypes. A total of 947 haplotypes were recorded, 848 of which were unique (89.5%). Haplotype diversity was 0.998, with the most frequent haplotype found in 9 of 1,100 men (0.82%). Locus diversity varied from 0.266 for DYS392 to 0.868 for DYS385. Discrimination capacity was 86.1%. Our results suggested high level of similarity among regional subpopulations within Croatia, except for mildly different southern Croatia. Relative resemblance was found with Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia. Whit Atheys' Haplogroup Predictor was used to estimate the frequencies of Y-chromosome haplogroups. I2a, R1a, E1b1b and R1b haplogroups were most frequent in all Croatian regions. These results are important in forensics and contribute to the population genetics and genetic background of the contemporary Croatian population. PMID:22391654

  13. Cesta tvorbou webových stránek

    OpenAIRE

    Krčál Martin

    2012-01-01

    Článek v první části popisuje proces tvorby webových stránek od stanovení cílů a definování cílové skupiny přes návrh až po samotnou realizaci. Autor zdůrazňuje důležitost dostatečně velkého a nadšeného vývojového týmu a připomíná nezbytnost průběžného uživatelského testování. Zmiňovány jsou i některé nástroje pro testování stránek z pohledu SEO, použitelnosti a přístupnosti, stejně jako vzrůstající význam mobilních technologií. Druhá část článku je věnována uživatelskému testování a analzýze...

  14. Sousse, Tunisia: tumultuous history and high Y-STR diversity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fadhlaoui-Zid, Karima; Chennakrishnaiah, Shilpa; Zemni, Ramzi; Grinberg, Sagy; Herrera, Rene J; Benammar-Elgaaied, Amel

    2012-12-01

    In the present study, 17 Y-chromosomal STR (Y-STR) loci were typed in 218 unrelated males from Sousse, Central-East Tunisia, to evaluate forensic and population genetic applications of the data. A total of 154 different haplotypes were identified, 127 (82.5%) of which were unique, with the most frequent haplotype occurring in 14 individuals (6.4%). The locus diversity ranged from 0.2050 at DYS392 to 0.8760 at DYS385. The haplotype diversity at the 17-loci resolution was calculated to be 0.9916, while the corresponding values for the extended (11 loci) and minimal (9 loci) haplotypes were estimated at 0.9735 and 0.9710, respectively. Comparison with 29 regional and global populations using correspondence analysis, neighbor joining (NJ) tree, and Rst genetic distance revealed that the Sousse population is highly diverse. This finding is consistent with historical data. Furthermore, the results of this study indicate a distinct genetic substructure among Tunisian populations. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that the 17 Y-STRs analyzed are highly informative for individual identification, parentage analysis, and population genetic studies. PMID:23160959

  15. Bengt Strömgren: Growing up with astronomy, 1908-1932

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rebsdorf, S.O.

    2003-01-01

    Bengt Strömgren's (1908-1987) early career is examined down to 1932, the year of his first landmark article on astrophysics, in which, continuing the numerical tradition at the Copenhagen Observatory, Strömgren applied the still novel quantum mechanics with great faith in its validity. In additio...

  16. High-throughput sequencing of core STR loci for forensic genetic investigations using the Roche Genome Sequencer FLX platform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fordyce, Sarah L; Avila-Arcos, Maria C; Rockenbauer, Eszter;

    2011-01-01

    The analysis and profiling of short tandem repeat (STR) loci is routinely used in forensic genetics. Current methods to investigate STR loci, including PCR-based standard fragment analyses and capillary electrophoresis, only provide amplicon lengths that are used to estimate the number of STR...... repeat units. These methods do not allow for the full resolution of STR base composition that sequencing approaches could provide. Here we present an STR profiling method based on the use of the Roche Genome Sequencer (GS) FLX to simultaneously sequence multiple core STR loci. Using this method in...... combination with a bioinformatic tool designed specifically to analyze sequence lengths and frequencies, we found that GS FLX STR sequence data are comparable to conventional capillary electrophoresis-based STR typing. Furthermore, we found DNA base substitutions and repeat sequence variations that would not...

  17. c-cytokromer hos den (per)kloratreducerande bakterien GR-1 : samt en jämförande studie av c-cytokromer från GR-1, Ideonella dechloratans och Dechloromonas aromatica

    OpenAIRE

    Palm, Eva-Lotta

    2007-01-01

    Arbetet beskriver en analys av innehållet av membranbundna och periplasmiska c-cytokromer hos perkloratodlade GR-1 och jämförelser med c-cytokrominnehållet hos Ideonella dechloratans och andra kända c-cytokromer, samt med genomet för Dechloromonas aromatica. Den jämförande studien av c-cytokromer gjordes med syftet att undersöka en hypotes om att bakterierna använder olika vägar för elektronöverföring till det periplasmiska enzymet (per)kloratreduktas. Cellmembran från GR-1 renframställdes ge...

  18. Genarátor ASP stránek

    OpenAIRE

    Hrbáček, Martin

    2008-01-01

    Zadáním mé práce je studium a seznámení s prostředím ASP.NET a realizace programu generování ASP stránek podle struktury databáze. Problematiku jsem nastudoval od Microsoft .NET Framework, který poskytuje všechny nástroje a technologie pro tvorbu .NET aplikací. Popsal jsem rysy a strukturu ASP.NET. Věnoval jsem se také, pro můj projekt, důležitému nástroji ADO.NET, který obsahuje bohatý soubor funkcí pro manipulaci s mnoha typy dat. V textu rovněž rozebírám objektový model tohoto nástroje. Čá...

  19. Patterns of Y-STR variation in Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brisighelli, F; Blanco-Verea, A; Boschi, I; Garagnani, P; Pascali, V L; Carracedo, A; Capelli, C; Salas, A

    2012-12-01

    The 17 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (STRs) included in the AmpFlSTR Yfiler Amplification Kit (AB Applied Biosystems) (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385ab, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635 and GATA H4.1) were typed in 292 samples from seven Italian regions. Population comparisons with other European samples were undertaken; for this purpose, two databases were collated from the literature: (a) 19 population samples including >2900 Yfiler profiles, and (b) 67 population samples including >15,000 minimum haplotype profiles. A total of 276 different Yfiler haplotypes were observed in Italy, and only one of them was shared among our seven population samples. The overall haplotype diversity (0.9996) was comparable to other European samples. AMOVA indicates that among population variance depends on the amount of Y-STRs used, being higher when using minimal haplotypes. This is probably due to the fact that Yfiler profiles are represented by singleton haplotypes in all the population samples raising the diversity values to the maximum theoretical value. AMOVA results seems to depend even more strongly on the amount of population samples used, the among population variance in Italy ranging from 2.82% to 11.03% (using 15 and 32 Italian populations samples, respectively). Variance is not as strongly stratified geographically within Italy, although it is notorious that latitude is more important than longitude in the distribution of variance. The results also indicated that Italy is less stratified than other European samples. The present study contributes to enrich the Y-chromosome databases regarding high-resolution Y-chromosome data sets and demonstrates that extended Y-STR profiles substantially increases the discriminatory capacity in individual identification for forensic purposes. PMID:22487686

  20. Clonostachys rosea demethiolase STR3 controls the conversion of methionine into methanethiol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Kai-Zhi; Zhang, Quan; Sun, Lin-Yang; Xu, Yang-Hua; Li, Hong-Mei; Tang, Ya-Jie

    2016-01-01

    Eukaryote-derived methioninase, catalyzing the one-step degradation of methionine (Met) to methanethiol (MTL), has received much attention for its low immunogenic potential and use as a therapeutic agent against Met-dependent tumors. Although biological and chemical degradation pathways for Met-MTL conversion are proposed, the concrete molecular mechanism for Met-MTL conversion in eukaryotes is still unclear. Previous studies demonstrated that α-keto-methylthiobutyric acid (KMBA), the intermediate for Met-MTL conversion, was located extracellularly and the demethiolase STR3 possessed no activities towards Met, which rule out the possibility of intracellular Met-MTL conversion pathway inside eukaryotes. We report here that degradation of Met resulted in intracellular accumulation of KMBA in Clonostachys rosea. Addition of Met to culture media led to the production of MTL and downregulation of STR3, while incubation of Met with surrogate substrate α-ketoglutaric acid enhanced the synthesis of MTL and triggered the upregulation of STR3. Subsequent biochemical analysis with recombinant STR3 showed that STR3 directly converted both Met and its transamination product KMBA to MTL. These results indicated that STR3 as rate-limiting enzyme degrades Met and KMBA into MTL. Our findings suggest STR3 is a potential target for therapeutic agents against Met-dependent tumors and aging. PMID:26902928

  1. Auslegung, Konstruktion und Fertigung von strömungsmechanischen Funktionsprototypen mittels Rapid Manufacturing

    OpenAIRE

    Martha, Alexander; Sehrt, Jan; Benra, Friedrich-Karl; Köhler, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Bei der Fertigung von Funktionsbauteilen für Strömungsversuche spielt das Design und die Komplexität der Bauteilgeometrie eine wesentliche Rolle. Ziel der interdisziplinären Zusammenarbeit der Lehrstühle Strömungsmaschinen, Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion und Fertigungstechnik mit dem Rapid Technology Center (RTC) an der Universität Duisburg-Essen ist es, das Potenzial der additiven Fertigungsverfahren bei der Herstellung von Funktionsprototypen für strömungsmechanische Anwendungen effekti...

  2. Experimentelle Untersuchung zur Strömungsbeeinflussung mittels elektromagnetischer Bremsen beim kontinuierlichen Strangguss von Stahl

    OpenAIRE

    Timmel, Klaus

    2015-01-01

    Beim kontinuierlichen Stranggießen von Stahl werden elektromagnetische Felder zur Strömungsbeeinflussung eingesetzt. In dieser Arbeit wird die Wirkung eines statischen Magnetfeldes auf die Kokillenströmung in einem Modellexperiment untersucht. Das statische Magnetfeld strukturiert die Strömung um, kann lokal die Strömungsgeschwindigkeiten erhöhen und verändert die Ausbildung und Anzahl der für Brammenkokillen typischen großskaligen Wirbel. Es zeigt sich weiterhin, dass die elektrische Leitfäh...

  3. Verwendung von Leistungs-Lumineszenzdioden (LED) in der Strömungsmesstechnik

    OpenAIRE

    Mößner, Steffen

    2009-01-01

    Die nachfolgend beschriebenen Untersuchungen dokumentieren die Leistung von Hochleistungs-LEDs, die für kurze Zeit mit hohen Strömen übersteuert werden. Dies führt zu kurzen Lichtpulsen, welche über das Potential verfügen, laserbasierte Lichtquellen in der Strömungsdiagnostik und verwandten bildgebenden diagnostischen Methoden zu ersetzen. Die kurze Pulsdauer erlaubt es, die untersuchten LEDs mit Strömen zu betreiben, die signifikant oberhalb der bekannten Zerstörschwellen liegen und somit te...

  4. 降落PCR扩增人类常染色体STR D15S128%Touchdown PCR for Amplification of Human Autosomal STR D15S128

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳萍; 郭大玮; 马莉莉

    2010-01-01

    目的 优化PCR程序,尝试用降落PCR扩增人类常染色体STR D15S128.方法 用普通PCR和降落PCR扩增人类常染色体STR D15S128.结果 普通PCR扩增产物有非特异带,降落PCR无非特异带.结论 降落PCR简化了普通PCB中摸索最适退火温度的过程,可以一步找到人类常染色体STR D15S128的退火温度,是一种高效率的PCR方法.

  5. Analysis of matches and partial-matches in a Danish STR data set

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tvedebrink, Torben; Eriksen, Poul Svante; Curran, James Michael;

    2012-01-01

    Over the recent years, the national databases of STR profiles have grown in size due to the success of forensic DNA analysis in solving crimes. The accumulation of DNA profiles implies that the probability of a random match or near match of two randomly selected DNA profiles in the database...... increases. We analysed 53,295 STR profiles from individuals investigated in relation to crime case investigations at the Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Incomplete STR profiles (437 circa 0.8% of the total), 48 redundant STR profiles from...... other, i.e. 1.3 × 109 comparisons. With these large number of comparisons, it is likely to observe DNA profiles that coincide on many loci, which has concerned some commentators and raised questions about “overstating” the power of DNA evidence. We used the method of Weir [11] and [12] and Curran et al...

  6. Haplotype diversity of 17 Y-chromosomal STR loci in the Bangladeshi population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alam, Shafiul; Ali, Md Eunus; Ferdous, Ahmad; Hossain, Tania; Hasan, Md Mahamud; Akhteruzzaman, Sharif

    2010-02-01

    Haplotype and allele frequencies of 17 Y-chromosomal STR loci were determined in 216 unrelated Bangladeshi males. AmpFlSTR Y-filer PCR Amplification kit (Applied Biosystems) was used to type the following Y-STR markers: DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385a/b, DYS438, DYS439, DYS437, DYS448, DYS458, DYS456, DYS635, and Y-GATA-H4. A total of 211 haplotypes for the 17 Y-STR markers were detected and, of these, 206 haplotypes were unique. The haplotype diversity was 0.9998, indicating a high potential for differentiating between male individuals in this population. Comparison analysis via Analysis of Molecular Variance (AMOVA) and construction of Neighbor Joining Tree revealed a close association of Bangladeshi population with Indian Gaddi and Southern Indian populations. PMID:20129457

  7. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR) at selected locations in the Pacific

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  8. Genetic analysis of two STR loci (VWA and TPOX in the Iranian province of Khuzestan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Mohammad Foroughmand

    2014-08-01

    Conclusion: The examined STR loci in this study have proven a relatively high genetic variation in the Iranian population. The data could be used for construction of a forensic genetic database for the Iranian population.

  9. Evaluation of the Early Access STR Kit v1 on the Ion Torrent PGM™ platform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Fei; Zhou, Yishu; Liu, Feng; Yu, Jiao; Song, He; Shen, Hongying; Zhao, Bin; Jia, Fei; Hou, Guangwei; Jiang, Xianhua

    2016-07-01

    The Early Access STR Kit v1 is designed to detect 25-plex loci with next generation sequencing (NGS) technology on the Ion Torrent PGM™ platform, including 16 of 20 expanded Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) core loci (CSF1PO, D1S1656, D2S1338, D2S441, D3S1358, D5S818, D7S820, D8S1179, D10S1248, D13S317, D16S539, D19S433, D21S11, TH01, TPOX and vWA), 8 non-CODIS core loci (D1S1677, D2S1776, D4S2408, D5S2500.AC008791, D6S1043, D6S474, D9S2157 and D14S1434) and Amelogenin. In this study, we compared the Early Access STR Kit v1 with the Ion Torrent™ HID STR 10-plex to find out its improvements and explored an appropriate analytical threshold to enhance the performance. In addition, seven experiments were conducted to evaluate the Early Access STR Kit v1 such as studies of repeatability, concordance, sensitivity, mixtures, degraded samples, case-type samples and pedigrees. Other than a little discordance (0.95%) with CE-STR results observed at D21S11, NGS-STR results correctly reflected the sample being tested. Repeatable results were obtained from both initial PCRs and emPCRs aside from a few variations of allele coverage. Full profiles could be obtained from 100pg input DNA and >48.84% profiles from 10pg input DNA. Mixtures were easily detected at 9:1 and 1:9 ratios. This system could be adapted to case-type samples and degraded samples. As a whole, the Early Access STR Kit v1 is a robust, reliable and reproducible assay for NGS-STR typing and a potential tool for human identification. PMID:27082757

  10. Untersuchungen zur Strömungs-Struktur Interaktion an dynamisch bewegten, flexiblen Oberflächen

    OpenAIRE

    Kunze, Sebastian

    2011-01-01

    Die experimentellen Untersuchungen zur Strömungs-Struktur-Interaktion kommen zu folgenden Ergebnissen. Die als entrainment bezeichnete Verhaltensweise von Fischen kann durch den gezielten Ausgleich von Auftriebs-, Widerstands- und einer erstmals nachgewiesenen Saugkraft und der damit verbundenen Reduzierung der lokomotorischen Energie erklärt werden. Des Weiteren zeigen die Experimente an einer wellenförmig bewegten Oberfläche, dass die Strömung an einem Wellenberg zyklisch zwischen laminarem...

  11. Genetics analysis of 38 STR loci in Uygur population from Southern Xinjiang of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Li; Liu, Haibo; Liao, Qinxiang; Xu, Xu; Chen, Wen; Hao, Shicheng

    2016-05-01

    The allele frequencies and statistical parameters of 38 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci were analyzed in the Uygur population from Southern Xinjiang of China with 290 unrelated individuals. The results show these 38 STR loci have high or medium power of discrimination and probabilities of exclusion. All loci are in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The genetic distances between the Uygur population and other Chinese populations were also estimated. PMID:26438047

  12. Y-STR markers from Ladakh in the Himalayas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez-Benedico, David; Chennakrishnaiah, Shilpa; Gayden, Tenzin; Rowold, Diane J; Garcia-Bertrand, Ralph; Herrera, Rene J

    2016-07-01

    A total of 223 samples from the general population of Ladakh in Northwestern India were amplified at 17 Y-STR loci using the AmpFlSTR® Yfiler™ system. The DNA profiles generated were employed to generate allelic frequencies, gene diversity, haplotype diversity and discrimination capacity values as well as number of different haplotypes, fraction of unique haplotypes and Rst pair wise genetic distances. Multidimensional Scaling (MDS) and Correspondence Analysis (CA) were performed with the Rst values and allelic frequencies, respectively. The 17-loci discrimination capacity of Ladakh was found to be 0.8093. Eleven out of the 16 loci have diversity values greater than 0.6, and 13 loci possess values greater than 0.5. Ladakh exhibits no significant genetic difference to seven of the 15 reference forensic databases after Bonferroni correction, three of which are located in South Central Asian and four are from the Himalayan region. Rst genetic distance values before and after Bonferroni corrections illustrate the capacity of the Yfiler system to discriminate among Himalayan populations. The intermediate position of the Ladakh population in the MDS and CA plots likely reflects genetic flow and admixture with neighboring populations. In addition, the longitudinal partition of populations in the MDS and CA plots likely reflect human dispersals such as the silk road migrations. PMID:27497330

  13. Polymorphisms at 17 Y-STR loci in Botswana populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tau, Tiroyamodimo; Davison, Sean; D'Amato, María Eugenia

    2015-07-01

    Seventeen Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (YSTRs)-DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS385a/b, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, and Y-GATA-H4-were analyzed in 252 unrelated male individuals from Botswana. A total of 238 unique haplotypes were identified. The discrimination capacity (DC) was 0.9444 whereas the haplotype diversity (HD) was 0.9990. A database search of the 238 unique haplotypes in the Y chromosome haplogroup database (YHRD) yielded three African American, six Sub-Saharan African, and two admixed South American matches. Five additional African-American matches were detected in the Applied Biosystems Y-STR database. RST, multi-dimensional scaling (MDS) and AMOVA were used to investigate population differentiation in Sub-Saharan Africa and in Botswana. The populations in Sub-Saharan Africa were found to be heterogeneous, with Botswana showing significant differences from its neighbors. No geographic regional or ethnic differentiation was observed within Botswana. Regional and ethnic variation can be useful in forensic working hypotheses. PMID:25817844

  14. Behavioral response of dissimilatory perchlorate-reducing bacteria to different electron acceptors

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Yvonne; Gustavson, Ruth L.; Ali, Nadia; Weber, Karrie A.; Westphal, Lacey L.; Coates, John D.

    2009-01-01

    The response behavior of three dissimilatory perchlorate-reducing bacteria to different electron acceptors (nitrate, chlorate, and perchlorate) was investigated with two different assays. The observed response was species-specific, dependent on the prior growth conditions, and was inhibited by oxygen. We observed attraction toward nitrate when Dechloromonas aromatica strain RCB and Azospira suillum strain PS were grown with nitrate. When D. aromatica and Dechloromonas agitata strain CKB were ...

  15. 原子荧光光谱法测定不同产地郁金中砷和硒含量%Determination of Trace Arsenic and Selenium in Curcuma aromatica with Microwave Decomposition-Atomic Fluorescence Spectrometry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳清; 汪洪武; 蔡璇

    2014-01-01

    After microwave decomposition, the contents of arsenic and selenium in eleven Curcuma aromatica samples were determined by hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry, and plant standard reference materials were used to verify the accuracy and the precision of the analytical method. The experimental conditions were optimized. Under the optimum conditions, there was a good linear relationship between the fluorescence intensity and the contents of arsenic and selenium in the range of 0-20 μg/L with a correlation coefficient of 0.999 8 and 0.999 3, respectively. The recovery rate of arsenic and selenium were in the range of 97.15%-102.87%and 98.35%-101.76%. The results indicated that the contents of arsenic and selenium in different habits of Curcuma aromatica were significant deviation.%应用AFS-930型双道原子荧光光度计,采用湿法消解方式,在选定仪器工作条件下,建立了原子荧光光谱法测定郁金中砷和硒。以工作曲线法测定了不同产地郁金中砷和硒的含量,并用植物标准参考物质评价了分析方法的准确度。在0~20.0μg/L范围内As及Se的线性良好,线性回归方程为:As:If=48.9908 c+55.2433(r=0.9998);Se:If=49.3717 c+46.5837(r=0.9993),砷和硒的回收率分别为97.15%~102.87%和98.35%~101.76%。研究结果表明不同产地郁金中As和Se的含量存在较大差异。

  16. Involvement of BcStr2 in methionine biosynthesis, vegetative differentiation, multiple stress tolerance and virulence in Botrytis cinerea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Wenyong; Yang, Yalan; Zhang, Yu; Lv, Chiyuan; Ren, Weichao; Chen, Changjun

    2016-04-01

    The Str2 gene encodes a cystathionine γ-synthase that is a key enzyme in methionine (Met) biosynthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Met plays a critical role in protein synthesis and diverse cellular processes in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. In this study, we characterized the Str2 orthologue gene BcStr2 in Botrytis cinerea. The BcStr2 mutant was unable to grow on minimal medium (MM). In addition, conidia of the mutant were unable to germinate in water-agar medium within 15 h of incubation. Supplementation with 1 mm Met or 0.5 mg/mL homocysteine, but not 1 mm cysteine or 0.5 mg/mL glutathione, rescued the defect in mycelial growth of the BcStr2 deletion mutant. These results indicate that the enzyme encoded by BcStr2 is involved in the conversion of cysteine into homocysteine. The mutant exhibited decreased conidiation and impaired sclerotium development. In addition, the BcStr2 mutant exhibited increased sensitivity to osmotic and oxidative stresses, cell wall-damaging agents and thermal stress. The mutant demonstrated dramatically decreased virulence on host plant tissues. All of the defects were restored by genetic complementation of the mutant with wild-type BcStr2. Taken together, the results of this study indicate that BcStr2 plays a critical role in the regulation of various cellular processes in B. cinerea. PMID:26176995

  17. Identifying the most likely contributors to a Y-STR mixture using the discrete Laplace method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersen, Mikkel Meyer; Eriksen, Poul Svante; Mogensen, Helle Smidt; Morling, Niels

    2015-03-01

    In some crime cases, the male part of the DNA in a stain can only be analysed using Y chromosomal markers, e.g. Y-STRs. This may be the case in e.g. rape cases, where the male components can only be detected as Y-STR profiles, because the fraction of male DNA is much smaller than that of female DNA, which can mask the male results when autosomal STRs are investigated. Sometimes, mixtures of Y-STRs are observed, e.g. in rape cases with multiple offenders. In such cases, Y-STR mixture analysis is required, e.g. by mixture deconvolution, to deduce the most likely DNA profiles from the contributors. We demonstrate how the discrete Laplace method can be used to separate a two person Y-STR mixture, where the Y-STR profiles of the true contributors are not present in the reference dataset, which is often the case for Y-STR profiles in real case work. We also briefly discuss how to calculate the weight of the evidence using the likelihood ratio principle when a suspect's Y-STR profile fits into a two person mixture. We used three datasets with between 7 and 21 Y-STR loci: Denmark (n=181), Somalia (n=201) and Germany (n=3443). The Danish dataset with 21 loci was truncated to 15 and 10 loci to examine the effect of the number of loci. For each of these datasets, an out of sample simulation study was performed: A total of 550 mixtures were composed by randomly sampling two haplotypes, h1 and h2, from the dataset. We then used the discrete Laplace method on the remaining data (excluding h1 and h2) to rank the contributor pairs by the product of the contributors' estimated haplotype frequencies. Successful separation of mixtures (defined by the observation that the true contributor pair was among the 10 most likely contributor pairs) was found in 42-52% of the cases for 21 loci, 69-75% for 15 loci and 92-99% for 10 loci or less depending on the dataset and how the discrete Laplace model was chosen. Y-STR mixtures with many loci are difficult to separate, but even haplotypes

  18. Evaluation of a 13-loci STR multiplex system for Cannabis sativa genetic identification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houston, Rachel; Birck, Matthew; Hughes-Stamm, Sheree; Gangitano, David

    2016-05-01

    Marijuana (Cannabis sativa) is the most commonly used illicit substance in the USA. The development of a validated method using Cannabis short tandem repeats (STRs) could aid in the individualization of samples as well as serve as an intelligence tool to link multiple cases. For this purpose, a modified 13-loci STR multiplex method was optimized and evaluated according to ISFG and SWGDAM guidelines. A real-time PCR quantification method for C. sativa was developed and validated, and a sequenced allelic ladder was also designed to accurately genotype 199 C. sativa samples from 11 U.S. Customs and Border Protection seizures. Distinguishable DNA profiles were generated from 127 samples that yielded full STR profiles. Four duplicate genotypes within seizures were found. The combined power of discrimination of this multilocus system is 1 in 70 million. The sensitivity of the multiplex STR system is 0.25 ng of template DNA. None of the 13 STR markers cross-reacted with any of the studied species, except for Humulus lupulus (hops) which generated unspecific peaks. Phylogenetic analysis and case-to-case pairwise comparison of 11 cases using F st as genetic distance revealed the genetic association of four groups of cases. Moreover, due to their genetic similarity, a subset of samples (N = 97) was found to form a homogeneous population in Hardy-Weinberg and linkage equilibrium. The results of this research demonstrate the applicability of this 13-loci STR system in associating Cannabis cases for intelligence purposes. PMID:26661945

  19. Identifying the most likely contributors to a Y-STR mixture using the discrete Laplace method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Mikkel Meyer; Eriksen, Poul Svante; Mogensen, Helle Smidt;

    2015-01-01

    In some crime cases, the male part of the DNA in a stain can only be analysed using Y chromosomal markers, e.g. Y-STRs. This may be the case in e.g. rape cases, where the male components can only be detected as Y-STR profiles, because the fraction of male DNA is much smaller than that of female DNA......, which can mask the male results when autosomal STRs are investigated. Sometimes, mixtures of Y-STRs are observed, e.g. in rape cases with multiple offenders. In such cases, Y-STR mixture analysis is required, e.g. by mixture deconvolution, to deduce the most likely DNA profiles from the contributors. We...... demonstrate how the discrete Laplace method can be used to separate a two person Y-STR mixture, where the Y-STR profiles of the true contributors are not present in the reference dataset, which is often the case for Y-STR profiles in real case work. We also briefly discuss how to calculate the weight of the...

  20. Y-STR genetic screening by high-resolution melting analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, J Q; Liu, B Q; Wang, Y; Liu, W; Cai, J F; Long, R; Li, W H

    2016-01-01

    Currently, the widely used automated capillary electrophoresis-based short tandem repeat (STR) genotyping method for genetic screening in forensic practice is laborious, time-consuming, expensive, and technically challenging in some cases. Thus, new molecular-based strategies for conclusively identifying forensically relevant biological evidence are required. Here, we used high-resolution melting analysis (HRM) for Y-chromosome STR genotyping for forensic genetic screening. The reproducibility of the melting profile over dilution, sensitivity, discrimination power, and other factors was preliminarily studied in 10 Y-STR loci. The results showed that HRM-based approaches revealed more genotypes (compared to capillary electrophoresis), showed higher uniformity in replicate tests and diluted samples, and enabled successful detection of DNA at concentrations as low as 0.25 ng. For mixed samples, the melting curve profiles discriminated between mixed samples based on reference samples with high efficiency. The triplex Y-chromosome STR HRM assay was performed and provided a foundation for further studies such as a multiplex HRM assay. The HRM approach is a one-step application and the entire procedure can be completed within 2 h at a low cost. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that the HRM-based Y-STR assay is a useful screening tool that can be used in forensic practice. PMID:26909950

  1. Population genetic data for 17 Y STR markers from Benghazi (East Libya).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elmrghni, Samir; Coulson-Thomas, Yvette M; Kaddura, Mahmoud; Dixon, Ron A; Williams, D Ross

    2012-03-01

    The seventeen Y-STR loci included in the AmpFℓSTR(®) Yfiler™ PCR Amplification kit (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385a/b, DYS438, DYS439, DYS437, DYS448, DYS458, DYS456, DYS635, and Y-GATA-H4) were used to type a sample population of 238 males from eastern Libya (Benghazi region). Of 238 observed haplotypes, 214 were unique (90%) and 24 (10%) were found more than once. The 17 loci gave a discriminating power of 0.999. DYS458 showed the highest diversity as a single-locus marker (0.73). Allelic frequencies and gene diversities for each Y-STR locus were determined. The high haplotype diversity and discrimination capacity (0.996) demonstrate the utility of these loci for human identification in forensic applications. Comparative analysis with Y-STR datasets of relevant populations and submission of the haplotypes to the Y-STR Haplotype Reference Database (YHRD) was undertaken. PMID:21640679

  2. Mutation rate estimation for 15 autosomal STR loci in a large population from Mainland China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Zhuo; Zhang, Jie; Wang, Hua; Liu, Zhi-Peng; Liu, Ming; Zhang, Yuan; Sun, Li; Zhang, Hui

    2015-01-01

    STR, short tandem repeats, are well known as a type of powerful genetic marker and widely used in studying human population genetics. Compared with the conventional genetic markers, the mutation rate of STR is higher. Additionally, the mutations of STR loci do not lead to genetic inconsistencies between the genotypes of parents and children; therefore, the analysis of STR mutation is more suited to assess the population mutation. In this study, we focused on 15 autosomal STR loci. DNA samples from a total of 42,416 unrelated healthy individuals (19,037 trios) from the population of Mainland China collected between Jan 2012 and May 2014 were successfully investigated. In our study, the allele frequencies, paternal mutation rates, maternal mutation rates and average mutation rates were detected. Furthermore, we also investigated the relationship between paternal ages, maternal ages, area, the time of pregnancy and average mutation rate. We found that the paternal mutation rate was higher than the maternal mutation rate and the paternal, maternal, and average mutation rates had a positive correlation with paternal age, maternal age and the time of pregnancy respectively. Additionally, the average mutation rate of coastal areas was higher than that of inland areas. PMID:26273562

  3. Y-STR analysis of digital and/or penile penetration cases with no detected spermatozoa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Andrew; Jones, Emma; Lewis, Jennie; O'Rourke, Paula

    2015-03-01

    This forensic casework trial involved Yfiler(®) testing samples from 47 digital and/or penile penetration cases where the medical examination had occurred within 48h of the alleged incident and no spermatozoa had been detected following Sperm Elution(©). 30% of these cases yielded at least one Y-STR profile comprising three or more alleles per profile and 21% yielded at least one Y-STR profile of ten or more alleles per profile. This trial further investigated the persistence of male DNA in different case types, the location of samples submitted for testing and whether samples from different locations benefit from being combined prior to testing. The data supports the use of Y-STR profiling to provide scientific evidence to investigate whether the alleged sexual activity had occurred as well as to obtain probative evidence in spermatozoa negative penetration cases. PMID:25458926

  4. A framework for the development of STR genotyping in domestic animal species

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van Asch, Barbara; Pinheiro, Raquel; Pereira, Rui;

    2010-01-01

    other animal species. As an increasing number of reference genomes become available, convenient tools for individual identification and parentage testing based on STR loci selected from autosomes or sex chromosomes' sequences may be created following this strategy.......This study reports the methodology used to search, select and characterize STR loci on the canine X chromosome using publicly available genome resources and following the current guidelines for human and non-human forensic testing. After several rounds of selection, 12 X-STR markers were optimized...... based on the number of repeats. All loci conformed to Hardy-Weinberg expectations. The resulting panel showed high forensic efficiency, presenting high values of power of discrimination (in males and females) and mean exclusion chance, both in trios involving female offspring and in duos composed of dam...

  5. Haplotype analysis of the polymorphic 40 Y-STR markers in Chinese populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ou, Xueling; Wang, Ying; Liu, Chao; Yang, Donggui; Zhang, Chuchu; Deng, Shujiao; Sun, Hongyu

    2015-11-01

    Forty Y-STR loci were analyzed in 1128 males from the following six Chinese ethnic populations: Han (n=300), Hui (n=244), Korean (n=100), Mongolian (n=100), Uighur (n=284) and Tibetan (n=100), utilizing two new generation multiplex Y-STR systems, AGCU Y24 STR and GFS Y24 STR genotyping kits, which allow for the genotyping of 24 loci from a single amplification reaction in each system. The lowest estimates of genetic diversity (below 0.5) correspond to markers DYS391 (0.441658) and DYS437 (0.496977), and the greatest diversity corresponds to markers DYS385a/b (0.969919) and DYS527a/b (0.94676). A considerable number of duplicate and off-ladder alleles were also revealed. Additionally, there were 1111 different haplotypes identified from the total 1128 samples, of which 1095 were unique. Notably, no shared haplotypes between populations were observed. The estimated overall haplotype diversity (HD) was 0.999085, and its discrimination capacity (DC) was 0.970745. An MDS plot based on the genetic distances between populations showed the genetic similarity of the southern Han population to the Northern populations of Hui, Korean, Mongolian and Uighur and a clear genetic departure of the Tibetan population from other populations. For the Y STR markers, population substructure correction was considered when calculating the rarity of the Y STR profile. However, because the haplotype based Fst values are extremely small within the present data (0.000153 with 40 Y-STRs), no substructure correction is required to estimate the rarity of a haplotype comprising 40 markers. In summary, the results of our study indicate that the 40 Y-STRs have a high level of polymorphism in Chinese ethnic groups and could therefore be a powerful tool for forensic applications and population genetic studies. PMID:26344901

  6. Cafe Strömbergin sisustussuunnitelma : Suomen Rautatiemuseon tunnelmallinen kesäkahvila

    OpenAIRE

    Koukku, Irene

    2011-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön päätavoitteena oli sisustussuunnitelman laatiminen Suomen Rautatiemuseon kesäkahvilalle, Cafe Strömbergille. Kahvilan sisustus oli huonokuntoinen ja epäyhtenäinen sekä toiminnallisuudeltaan huono. Sisustuksen uusimisella tavoiteltiin kahvilaan yhtenäistä ilmettä, viihtyisää ja rauhallista tunnelmaa sekä ajattomia ja pitkäikäisiä ratkaisuja. Toimeksiantajana oli Suomen Rautatiemuseo, jonka kulttuurihistoriallisesti arvokkaassa pihapiirissä Cafe Strömberg toimii. Kahvilan rak...

  7. Wärme- und Strömungssimulation in der Produktentwicklung

    OpenAIRE

    Klett, Sven

    2010-01-01

    Vortrag über die Vorteile konstruktionsbegleitender Wärmesimulation direkt durch den Konstrukteur am nativen CAD-System. Die Elinter AG als Spezialist für Wärmesimulationen und Strömungssimulationen empfiehlt FloEFD zusammen mit Pro/ENGINEER Wildfire. Schnelle thermische Bewertung von Konstruktionsvorschlägen und Designvarianten direkt durch den Konstrukteur. Die frühzeitige Wärmesimulation bzw. Strömungssimulation direkt im Desginprozess ist mit minimalem Aufwand möglich. Simulatione...

  8. A new autosomal STR nineplex for canine identification and parentage testing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van Asch, Barbara; Alves, Cíntia; Gusmão, Leonor;

    2009-01-01

    A single multiplex PCR assay capable of simultaneously amplifying nine canine-specific autosomal STR markers (FH3210, FH3241, FH2004, FH2658, FH4012, REN214L11, FH2010, FH2361 and the newly described C38) was developed for individual identification and parentage testing in domestic dogs. In order...... mixed-breed origin. Co-dominant inheritance of STR alleles was investigated in 101 father, mother and son trios. Expected heterozygosity values vary between 0.5648 for REN214L11 and 0.9050 for C38. The high level of genetic diversity observed for most markers provides this multiplex with a very high...

  9. Ein konservatives MPV-Verfahren zur Simulation der Strömungen in allen Machzahlbereichen

    OpenAIRE

    Park, Jea-Ho

    2003-01-01

    Zur Simulation sowohl inkompressibler als auch kompressibler Strömungen wird ein neues numerisches Verfahren eingeführt. Dabei wird zunächst die konservative Form der Navier-Stokes-Gleichungen aufgestellt, da sie das numerische Erhaltungsprinzip für Strömungen höherer Machzahl gewährleistet. Auf den Druck wird noch der sogenannte MPV-Ansatz angewandt. Dies ist eine Art Druckzerlegungsmethode. Damit kann die beim inkompressiblen Grenzfall auftretende Singularität beseitigt werden. Eigentlich b...

  10. Introduction of the Python script STRinNGS for analysis of STR regions in FASTQ or BAM files and expansion of the Danish STR sequence database to 11 STRs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friis, Susanne L; Buchard, Anders; Rockenbauer, Eszter;

    2016-01-01

    This work introduces the in-house developed Python application STRinNGS for analysis of STR sequence elements in BAM or FASTQ files. STRinNGS identifies sequence reads with STR loci by their flanking sequences, it analyses the STR sequence and the flanking regions, and generates a report...... with the assigned SNP-STR alleles. The main output file from STRinNGS contains all sequences with read counts above 1% of the total number of reads per locus. STR sequences are automatically named according to the nomenclature used previously and according to the repeat unit definitions in STRBase (http......01, TPOX, vWA), and Amelogenin was analysed with STRinNGS. Sequencing uncovered five common SNPs near four STRs and revealed 20 new alleles in the 207 Danes. Three short homopolymers in the D8S1179 flanking regions caused frequent sequencing errors. In 29 of 3726 allele calls (0.8%), sequences...

  11. Grå strækninger på det overordnede vejnet i det åbne land

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Michael

    2006-01-01

    udviklet konkrete metoder til udpegning, analyse og udbedring af grå strækninger. I ph.d.-afhandlingen “Grå strækninger i det åbne land – Udvikling, anvendelse og vurdering af alvorlighedsbaseret metode til udpegning, analyse og udbedring af grå strækninger” er der derfor blevet formuleres en overordnet...... filosofi for det grå strækningsarbejde samtidig med, at der med fokus på udpegning udvikles metoder til udpegning, analyse og udbedring af grå strækninger på det overordnede vejnet i det åbne land. Formålet har specifikt været at udvikle metoder, som er både uheldsteoretisk velfunderede og anvendelige i...

  12. Studies on the Reproductive Biology and Endangerment Mechanism of the Endangered Plant Manglietia aromatica%香木莲有性生殖特性与其濒危机制的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘跃芝; 梁汉兴; 龚洵

    2003-01-01

    The embryogenesis, pollen germination, floral character and seed physiology of the endangered plant Manglietia aromatica Dandy were investigated. Based on this study, this species has very low seed set rate. The abortion rate of functional megaspores in all the ovules is 27.9%, the egg cell abortion rate of mature embryo sacs is up to 80%, and the germination rate of pollen grains is as low as nearly 0.01%. In addition, the floral structure appears to be another limited factor for the effective pollination of this species. The endangerment mechanism of this species seems to be comprehensive. Human's destroying actions are the direct factors that have made the population degenerate quickly; low reproductive ability and the destroyed environments are the main reasons that prevent the population from renovating and spreading. Therefore, the conservation measures suggested by this study are to research the breed technology, artificial population renovating, in situ conservation, and ex situ conservation.%针对香木莲(Manglietia aromatica Dandy)结籽率低以及野外实生苗稀少的现象,本文研究了香木莲雌配子体发育过程、花粉萌发力、开花生物学特性与种子结构的观察.结果表明,在雌配子体发育阶段存在以下退化现象:1) 从大孢子母细胞开始减数分裂到功能大孢子形成阶段,在此过程中珠心内的功能结构发生退化,功能大孢子未能正常形成,仅残留有退化痕迹,退化率为27.9%;2) 胚囊成熟时,受精前卵器细胞发生退化,退化率为80%.花粉萌发实验结果表明,在人工培养条件下具有正常萌发能力的花粉不足0.01%.这些都是香木莲结籽率低的重要原因.同时,香木莲的开花生物学特性限制了传粉的顺利进行.调查和研究的结果显示,人为的砍伐是造成香木莲种群急剧减少的直接原因;有性生殖障碍和生境破坏是制约香木莲种群更新的最主要因素.由此提出了

  13. StrBioLib: a Java library for development of custom computationalstructural biology applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chandonia, John-Marc

    2007-05-14

    Summary: StrBioLib is a library of Java classes useful fordeveloping software for computational structural biology research.StrBioLib contains classes to represent and manipulate proteinstructures, biopolymer sequences, sets of biopolymer sequences, andalignments between biopolymers based on either sequence or structure.Interfaces are provided to interact with commonly used bioinformaticsapplications, including (PSI)-BLAST, MODELLER, MUSCLE, and Primer3, andtools are provided to read and write many file formats used to representbioinformatic data. The library includes a general-purpose neural networkobject with multiple training algorithms, the Hooke and Jeeves nonlinearoptimization algorithm, and tools for efficient C-style string parsingand formatting. StrBioLib is the basis for the Pred2ary secondarystructure prediction program, is used to build the ASTRAL compendium forsequence and structure analysis, and has been extensively tested throughuse in many smaller projects. Examples and documentation are available atthe site below.Availability: StrBioLib may be obtained under the terms ofthe GNU LGPL license from http://strbio.sourceforge.net/Contact:JMChandonia@lbl.gov

  14. Estimating the probability of allelic drop-out of STR alleles in forensic genetics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tvedebrink, Torben; Eriksen, Poul Svante; Mogensen, Helle Smidt;

    2009-01-01

    In crime cases with available DNA evidence, the amount of DNA is often sparse due to the setting of the crime. In such cases, allelic drop-out of one or more true alleles in STR typing is possible. We present a statistical model for estimating the per locus and overall probability of allelic drop...

  15. Genetic sub-structure in western Mediterranean populations revealed by 12 Y-chromosome STR loci

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rodríguez, V; Tomas Mas, Carmen; Sánchez, J J;

    2008-01-01

    Haplotype and allele frequencies of 12 Y-chromosome short tandem repeat (Y-STR) loci (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385 a/b, DYS437, DYS438 and DYS439) included in the Powerplex(R) Y System were determined in seven western Mediterranean populations from Valencia...

  16. Molluscan fauna of the lower Gelingseh Beds s. str., Sangkulirang area, Kalimantan Timur (East Borneo)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beets, C.

    1986-01-01

    A compilation is given of the results of an investigation of all the molluscs collected by L.M.R. Rutten some seventy years ago, at five localities in the type area of the Gelingseh Beds s. str., Late Miocene. Thirteen new species are described, viz, Smaragdia gelingsehensis, Rissoina maduparensis,

  17. [Genetic polymorphism of 9 STR loci in Chaoxian National Minority of China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Ya; Jin, Tian-bo; Lai, Jiang-hua; Chen, Teng; Zheng, Hai-bo; Zhu, Bo-feng; Hu, Song-nian; Wang, Jian; Li, Sheng-bin

    2002-11-01

    In order to enrich the Chinese genetic database,nine polymorphic loci of STR,such as D3S1358,vWA,FGA,TH01,TPOX,CSF1PO,D5S818,D13S317 and D7S820 were studied. Based on STR gene scan marked by fluorescence,91 unrelated Chinese Chaoxian individuals were observed.81 alleles and 196 genotypes were found. The corresponding gene frequency and genotype frequency were 0.0055-0.4615 and 0.0110-0.9890 respectively. The genogypes frequency of nine STR loci was good with the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (P approximately 0.05). The statistical analysis of nine STR loci showed the following: PIC (polymorphic information content) >or=0.6863, H (heterozygosity) >or=0.6919, DP (discrimination power) >or=0.8301, EPP (probability of paternity exclusion) >or=0.8590. The data studied can be used in Chinese population genetic studies and forensic medicine applications. PMID:15979957

  18. Geotechnical variability of permafrozen glaciomarine clays in Sdr. Strømfjord in Greenland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foged, Niels Nielsen; Ingeman-Nielsen, Thomas; Belmonte, Louise Josefine

    2014-01-01

    This contribution presents the geotechnical properties of some permafrozen glaciomarine clays near to the Kangerlussuaq Airport at Sdr. Strømfjord in West Greenland.This fjord system was established by glacial erosion into the bedrock consisting of Nagssugtoqidian banded gneisses with amphibolitic...

  19. Forensic Spanish allele and haplotype database for a 17 X-STR panel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prieto-Fernández, Endika; Núñez, Carolina; Baeta, Miriam; Jiménez-Moreno, Susana; Martínez-Jarreta, Begoña; de Pancorbo, Marian M

    2016-09-01

    The currently developed 17 X-STR panel (DXS8378, DXS9898, DXS7133, GATA31E08, GATA172D05, DXS6801, DXS7423, DXS6809, DXS6799, DXS7132, DXS9902, DXS6800, DXS6789, DXS10075, DXS10079, DXS6807, and DXS6803) offers a highly discriminative tool for forensic identification and kinship testing. With the aim of providing a global Spanish population X-STR database, we present haplotype and allele frequencies and parameters of forensic interest for the 17 X-STR panel obtained from 593 unrelated individuals from Alicante, Aragon, the Basque Country, Andalusia, Galicia, Madrid, and Barcelona that represent the most populated regions of the Spanish Peninsular territory. The seven populations were compared to test possible population genetic substructures. The lack of significant differences among the studied Spanish populations supports the use of the allele and haplotype frequency database presented herein as a global Spanish population sample useful for statistical evaluation in forensic casework. After conducting the LD plots derived from HapMap and pairwise linkage disequilibrium tests, DXS7132, DXS10075, and DXS10079 markers were included in a cluster and haplotype frequencies were calculated. The improvement in the forensic parameters for the Spanish population using 17 X-STRs in comparison to the previous 10 X-STR allele frequencies database is also shown. PMID:27388427

  20. GENETIC POLYMORPHISM OF SIX Y CHROMOSOMAL STR IN CHINESE HUI ETHNIC GROUP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu Bofeng; Lü Guiping; Yao Guifa; Zhu Jun; Dong Hongwang; Sun Qingdong; Huang Lei; Liu Yao

    2005-01-01

    Objective To study genetic polymorphism of 6 Y chromosomal STR in Hui ethnic group living in Ningxia Hui ethnic autonomous region, in order to evaluate their usefulness in forensic science and enrich the Chinese genetic information resources. Methods We investigated 101 unrelated, healthy, male individuals of Hui ethnic group and studied their allelic frequency distribution and haplotype diversity of 6 Y chromosomal STR. Primer for each loci was labeled with the fluorescent by FAM (blue) or TAMRA(yellow). The data of Hui ethnic group were generated co-amplification, GeneScan, genotype, and genetic distribution analysis. Results 31 alleles and 43 phenotype(DYS385) were detected, with the frequencies ranging from 0.0099-0.7129. Out of a total of 101 individuals, 96 showed different haplotypes; 91 were unique; 5 were found 2 times. The haplotype diversity for 6 Y-STR loci was 0.9990. Conclusion The date obtained can be valuable for individual identification, paternity testing in forensic fields and for population genetics because of 6 Y-STR loci high polymorphism.

  1. A global analysis of Y-chromosomal haplotype diversity for 23 STR loci

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Purps, Josephine; Siegert, Sabine; Willuweit, Sascha;

    2014-01-01

    In a worldwide collaborative effort, 19,630 Y-chromosomes were sampled from 129 different populations in 51 countries. These chromosomes were typed for 23 short-tandem repeat (STR) loci (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385ab, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DY...

  2. Population-Scale Sequencing Data Enable Precise Estimates of Y-STR Mutation Rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willems, Thomas; Gymrek, Melissa; Poznik, G David; Tyler-Smith, Chris; Erlich, Yaniv

    2016-05-01

    Short tandem repeats (STRs) are mutation-prone loci that span nearly 1% of the human genome. Previous studies have estimated the mutation rates of highly polymorphic STRs by using capillary electrophoresis and pedigree-based designs. Although this work has provided insights into the mutational dynamics of highly mutable STRs, the mutation rates of most others remain unknown. Here, we harnessed whole-genome sequencing data to estimate the mutation rates of Y chromosome STRs (Y-STRs) with 2-6 bp repeat units that are accessible to Illumina sequencing. We genotyped 4,500 Y-STRs by using data from the 1000 Genomes Project and the Simons Genome Diversity Project. Next, we developed MUTEA, an algorithm that infers STR mutation rates from population-scale data by using a high-resolution SNP-based phylogeny. After extensive intrinsic and extrinsic validations, we harnessed MUTEA to derive mutation-rate estimates for 702 polymorphic STRs by tracing each locus over 222,000 meioses, resulting in the largest collection of Y-STR mutation rates to date. Using our estimates, we identified determinants of STR mutation rates and built a model to predict rates for STRs across the genome. These predictions indicate that the load of de novo STR mutations is at least 75 mutations per generation, rivaling the load of all other known variant types. Finally, we identified Y-STRs with potential applications in forensics and genetic genealogy, assessed the ability to differentiate between the Y chromosomes of father-son pairs, and imputed Y-STR genotypes. PMID:27126583

  3. Strömungs- und Transportvorgänge bei kleinen Reynoldszahlen in gekreuzten Strukturen von Plattenwärmeübertragern

    OpenAIRE

    Schill, Christoph Jörg Günther

    2010-01-01

    Das Ziel dieser Arbeit ist es, die Strömungs- und Transportvorgänge in Plattenwärmeübertragern bei geringen Strömungsgeschwindigkeiten mit viskosen Modellflüssigkeiten zu untersuchen. Es werden in einer systematischen Analyse das Strömungs- und Transportverhalten sinusförmig gewellter Strukturen mit gekreuzter Plattenanordnungen bei geringen Reynoldszahlen zwischen 0,1 < Reh < 10 sowohl experimentell als auch mit Hilfe der Strömungssimulation untersucht. Die Sichtbarmachung der Strömungsvo...

  4. Generování PDF dokumentů z webových stránek

    OpenAIRE

    Červinka, Zbyněk

    2015-01-01

    Tato práce se zabývá generováním PDF dokumentů z webových stránek. Zdrojem dat je Java knihovna CSSBox, která poskytuje zpracované prvky webových stránek ve formě Java objektů. Cílem práce je zpracovat tato data a pomocí nástroje Apache PDFBox vytvořit PDF dokument odpovídající zdrojové stránce.

  5. Short tandem repeat (STR) genotyping of keratinised hair. Part 2. An optimised genomic DNA extraction procedure reveals donor dependence of STR profiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNevin, Dennis; Wilson-Wilde, Linzi; Robertson, James; Kyd, Jennelle; Lennard, Chris

    2005-10-29

    A feasibility study of short tandem repeat (STR) genotyping of telogen phase hairs in particular, and hair shaft in general, is presented. A number of extraction procedures in common use were investigated and the quantities of nuclear DNA (nuDNA) delivered were quantified via a real-time PCR assay. The extracts were subjected to two variations on AmpFlSTR Profiler Plus PCR amplification strategies (extended cycles, two rounds of PCR) and the genotypes compared. Nuclear DNA was found to persist in human hair shafts, albeit at very low levels. Full Profiler Plus profiles consistent with the hair donor were obtained from 100 mg hair shaft samples (bleached and unbleached). These were, however, mixed profiles, indicating low copy number (LCN) contamination in the extracts. Single telogen hair clubs and single hair shafts delivered partial profiles with usually only one allele of heterozygous loci. Telogen phase hairs yielded the same amount of nuDNA (and no more) as hair shafts (either anagen or telogen). Whether hair shafts dissolved or not in lysis buffer had no effect on either the quantitated yield of DNA or on the chance of obtaining a correct genotype. These results provide evidence that genomic DNA resides on the exterior of the hair shaft and we use this information to suggest an optimal procedure for nuDNA extraction from keratinised hair samples: soaking hairs in simple digestion buffers containing Tris-HCl, a salt and a chelating agent without prior cleaning of the hair shafts. It is proposed that cleaning removes most of the recoverable DNA. This procedure was applied to obtain genotypes from 3 cm hair shafts which matched reference profiles from the donors at up to 9 out of 10 AmpFlSTR Profiler Plus STR loci. When the genotyping success was measured by counting the number of matches between the two dominant alleles at each locus for each extract with the reference DNA profile of the hair donor, the success was found to be highly dependent on the donor. The

  6. Fetal gender determination through Y-STR analysis of maternal plasma during the third trimester of pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanaa M.H. Aal-Hamdan

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: It is recommended to use Y-STR profiling as an alternative technique for fetal gender determination during the third trimester of pregnancy, in addition to its significance in forensic casework.

  7. Assessment of STR Typing Success Rate in Soft Tissues from Putrefied Bodies Based on a Quantitative Grading System for Putrefaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Courts, Cornelius; Sauer, Eva; Hofmann, Yaiza; Madea, Burkhard; Schyma, Christian

    2015-07-01

    To date, there is no systematic investigation of the association of short tandem repeat (STR) typing success rate in soft tissues with different signs of putrefaction. Herein, putrefaction was rated using a newly developed 19-parameter system in soft tissues from a collective of 68 decaying bodies, and DNA yield was determined in 408 samples. DNA integrity was rated using a self-devised pentaplex PCR generating an "integrity score" (Si). STR typing success rate was then assessed for selected cases. DNA yield and Si differed significantly between tissues with kidney on average exhibiting the highest Si values. Statistical analysis revealed that nine parameters were significantly and positively correlated with Si . The observed values for each of these nine parameters were summed up to generate a putrefaction score (Sp) for each sample. Our results show that STR typing success rate can be predicted based on Sp before expensive multiplex STR profiling is performed. PMID:25808732

  8. Emigracja do świata klauzurowego – na podstawie relacji sióstr zakonnych

    OpenAIRE

    Zimnica-Kuzioła, Emila

    2015-01-01

    Celem artykułu jest analiza relacji sióstr zakonnych na temat ich emigracji do świata klauzurowego. Spośród kilkudziesięciu wypowiedzi sióstr (reprezentujących różne polskie zgromadzenia zakonne) na temat ich wyboru drogi życiowej wybrałam najciekawsze i najobszerniejsze. Teksty (łącznie 20) zamieszczone na stronach internetowych zakonów poddałam analizie treści, nakierowanej na wyodrębnienie dominujących wątków tematycznych. Mają one ważny walor ko¬gnitywny, pokazują dynamikę powołania do ży...

  9. An Accelerated Analytical Process for the Development of STR Profiles for Casework Samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laurin, Nancy; Frégeau, Chantal J

    2015-07-01

    Significant efforts are being devoted to the development of methods enabling rapid generation of short tandem repeat (STR) profiles in order to reduce turnaround times for the delivery of human identification results from biological evidence. Some of the proposed solutions are still costly and low throughput. This study describes the optimization of an analytical process enabling the generation of complete STR profiles (single-source or mixed profiles) for human identification in approximately 5 h. This accelerated process uses currently available reagents and standard laboratory equipment. It includes a 30-min lysis step, a 27-min DNA extraction using the Promega Maxwell(®) 16 System, DNA quantification in profiles on the 3500-series Genetic Analyzer. This combination of fast individual steps produces high-quality profiling results and offers a cost-effective alternative approach to rapid DNA analysis. PMID:25782346

  10. A Y-STR database of Iranian and Azerbaijanian minority populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roewer, Lutz; Willuweit, Sascha; Stoneking, Mark; Nasidze, Ivan

    2009-12-01

    Seventeen Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (Y-STR) DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385a, DYS385b, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635 and GATA H4 were studied in five minor linguistic groups from Iran (Arabs, Gilaki, Mazandarani, Bakhtiari and Southern Talysh) and one from Azerbaijan (Northern Talysh) with the goal of constructing of a representative Y-STR database for this region in Southwest Asia. Analysis of Molecular Variance (AMOVA) reveals non-significant or low genetic distances between the Iranian Gilaki, Mazandarani, Bakhtiari and non-Iranian Turkish, Azerbaijanian, Armenian and Kurd populations, but larger genetic distances to both Talysh populations, the Iranian Arabs, Georgian and Kazakh populations. PMID:19948326

  11. Population genetics of 17 Y-STR markers in West Libya (Tripoli region).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triki-Fendri, Soumaya; Sánchez-Diz, Paula; Rey-González, Danel; Ayadi, Imen; Alfadhli, Suad; Rebai, Ahmed; Carracedo, Ángel

    2013-05-01

    Seventeen Y-chromosomal Short Tandem Repeats (Y-STR) included in the AmpFlSTR Y-filer PCR Amplification kit (Applied Biosystems) (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385ab, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635 and GATA H4) were genotyped in a population sample of 176 unrelated males from western Libya (Tripoli region). A total of 142 different haplotypes were found, 124 being unique. Haplotype diversity was 0.9950. Both R(ST) pairwise analyses and multidimensional scaling plot show a close genetic relationship between Tripoli and North African populations. PMID:23473875

  12. 17 Y-STR haplotype data for a population sample of Residents in the Basque Country.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valverde, Laura; Köhnemann, Stephan; Rosique, Melania; Cardoso, Sergio; Zarrabeitia, Maite; Pfeiffer, Heidi; de Pancorbo, Marian M

    2012-07-01

    Non autochthonous population is the most numerous group in the Basque Country. This group is named "Residents" to distinguish them from the "Autochthonous Basque" population. In this work, the 17 Y-STR loci distribution of Resident population was studied in a sample of 197 individuals, who were concretely genotyped for DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385, DYS439, DYS438, DYS437, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635 and Y GATA H4. Resident population showed a high haplotype diversity and discrimination capacity. The distribution of Y-STRs haplotypes of the Resident population was statistically significant different to the one of the Autochthonous Basque population. The genetic substructure found between Resident and Autochthonous Basque 17 Y-STR haplotype distributions advises for the use of two different databases in the Basque Country, to ensure the most trustworthy frequency estimate in casework. PMID:22342392

  13. Genetic polymorphism of 11 Y-chromosomal STR loci in Yunnan Han Chinese.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanmei, Yang; Tao, Gu; Yubao, Zeng; Chunjie, Xiao; Bifeng, Chen; Shi, Luo; Bingying, Xu; Qiang, Jing; Qinyong, Zhuang; Wen, Zhang; Shengjun, Luo; Shengjie, Nie

    2010-02-01

    Allele frequencies and haplotypes of 11 Y-chromosome STR loci, DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385 ab, DYS438, DYS439 and DYS437 were determined in 320 unrelated Yunnan Han Chinese males. A total of 293 haplotypes were identified, of which 268 were unique, 23 were shared in two individuals, and 2 were shared in three individuals. The allele diversity values for each locus ranged from 0.4087 (DYS438) to 0.9701 (DYS385). The allele observed haplotypes diversity value was 0.9994. The combined Y-chromosome STR polymorphisms provide a powerful discrimination tool for routine forensic applications. PMID:20129460

  14. Genetic polymorphisms for 17 Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in Jammu and Kashmir Saraswat Brahmin population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yadav, Bhuvnesh; Raina, Anupuma; Dogra, Tirath Das

    2010-09-01

    In this study 17 Y-chromosomal STRs (including DYS19, DYS389I, DS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385a/b, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635 and Y GATA H4) were analysed using blood samples of 122 unrelated male individuals belonging to Saraswat Brahmin community from Jammu (ID YP000599) and Kashmir (ID YP000600) region of J&K state of India. The allelic frequency distribution and haplotype diversity of 17 Y-chromosomal STR for both the populations were calculated. In the Kashmiri Saraswat group, a total of 109 haplotypes were identified in 122 individuals, of these haplotypes, 101 were found only once. The gene diversity values of STR loci ranged from 0.4813 (DYS391) to 0.8645 (DYS385a/b) for Jammu & Kashmiri Saraswat Brahmins. PMID:20621539

  15. Kritisches Denken aufbereitet. Eine Rezension zu: Belina, Naumann, Strüver "Handbuch kritische Stadtgeographie"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristine Beurskens

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Im Sommer des Jahres 2014 erschien das Handbuch kritische Stadtgeographie. Die Her­aus­geber_innen Bernd Belina, Matthias Naumann und Anke Strüver setzten sich mit dem Werk das Ziel, „Studierenden – nicht nur der Geo­graphie, son­dern auch benachbarter Disziplinen – die reichhaltigen Debat­ten kritischer Stadtgeographie – näher zu bringen.“ (Belina/Naumann/Strüver 2014: 12. Dank ihrer spezifischen Inhalte und besonderen Aufbereitung und Verknüpfung von Wissen hat die Publikation einen Anker und Reflexionspunkt zu fachübergreifenden kritischen Debatten und Ansätzen zum Thema ‚Stadt‘ gesetzt. 

  16. Konstruktion av strömförsörjningsmodul till testsystem

    OpenAIRE

    Vidlid, Marija

    2015-01-01

    Detta examensarbete är utfört vid den tekniska högskolan vid Linköping Universitet på programmet högskoleingenjör elektronik. Uppdragsgivaren, Flextronics, är ett företag som utvecklar generell testutrustning inom elektronikproduktion. Den testutrustning som finns behöver uppdateras och examensarbetet går ut på att bygga en ny strömförsörjningsmodul till denna. Den största skillnaden mot tidigare system är att den nya strömförsörjningsmodulen ska klara av högre uteffekt. Eftersom den nya test...

  17. Strömungsuntersuchungen mittels Laser-Doppler-Anemometrie in Modellen humaner Karotisbifurkationen nach Stentimplantation

    OpenAIRE

    Kleinschmidt, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    Ziel:Die Stentangioplastie nimmt einen immer höheren Stellenwert bei der Therapie der Karotistenose ein. In dieser experimentellen Arbeit wurde der Einfluss verschiedener Stentdesigns auf die Strömungsverhältnisse in der Arteria carotis aus rheologischer Sicht untersucht. Im Blickpunkt stand dabei ein neuer Prototyp eines membranunterstützten Stents. Material und Methoden: In maßstabsgetreue Silikonmodelle der A.carotis wurden drei verschiedene Stentmodelle: ein Stent aus rostfreim Stahl (Wal...

  18. Isoprenoid biosynthetic pathway in the male marking pheromone of bumble bees (Bombus s. str.)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Prchalová, Darina; Brabcová, Jana; Kindl, Jiří; Žáček, Petr; Pichová, Iva; Valterová, Irena

    Urbana-Champaign : ISCE, 2014. s. 127-128. [ISCE-CSiV 2014. Joint meeting of the International Society for Chemical Ecology and the Chemical Signals in Vertebrates group. 08.07.2014-12.07.2014, Urbana-Champaign] R&D Projects: GA TA ČR TA01020969 Institutional support: RVO:61388963 Keywords : bumble bees * marking pheromone * Bombus s. str. Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry

  19. The Origin of Workerless Parasites in Leptothorax (S. Str.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

    OpenAIRE

    Jürgen Heinze

    1995-01-01

    The evolutionary origin of workerless parasitic ants parasitizing colonies of Leptothorax (s.str.) is investigated using data on morphology, chromosome number, and allozyme phenotype of both social parasites and their hosts. Of the three previously proposed pathways, the evolution of workerless parasites from guest ants or slave-makers is unlikely, at least according to a phenogram obtained by UPGMA clustering of Nei's similarities based on seven enzymes, lntraspecific evolution of the worker...

  20. Topical problems connected with the German act on electricity from renewable energy sources (StrEG)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The German act (StrEG) intended to enhance the use of renewable energy sources for electricity generation and to promote the relevant technologies raises some problems in connection with constitutional law that still await judicial review by the German Federal Constitutional Court. In addition, doubts as to the lawfulness of provisions of the act have been emerging in connection with EC laws governing the regime of subsidies and state aid. The article here summarizes the current situation. (orig./CB)

  1. Evaluation of blood, buccal swabs, and hair follicles for DNA profiling technique using STR markers

    OpenAIRE

    Chaudhary, Garima; Dogra, T. D.; Raina, Anupuma

    2015-01-01

    Aim To study the short tandem repeat (STR) pattern of DNA from the blood, buccal swabs, and hair follicles of the recipients of allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation to examine whether these tissues contain donor derived cells. Methods The study enrolled 25 patients who sustained engraftment. Peripheral blood, buccal swabs, and hair follicles were collected on days 21-30, 90, and 180 after transplantation and the chimeric status of the recipients was evaluated. Results Donor deriv...

  2. Strömungsverhalten thermoplastischer Schmelzen in klüftigem Festgestein

    OpenAIRE

    Irngartinger, Stefan

    2012-01-01

    Die Dissertation beschäftigt sich mit dem Strömungsverhalten thermoplastischer Schmelzen, wie diese für Abdichtungsinjektionen in Böden und klüftigem Festgestein verwendet werden. Zur Untersuchung des Fließ- und Abkühlverhaltens der Schmelze wurden vor allem Injektionsversuche in einen einzelnen Kluftkanal im Gneis ausgeführt und dabei das Temperaturfeld im Fels und im Injektionsmittel analysiert. Auf Basis der Erkenntnisse wurde ein vereinfachtes, analytisches Berechnungsmodell erstellt, ...

  3. Detection of Y STR markers of male fetal dna in maternal circulation

    OpenAIRE

    Nair Seema; Peter Sam; Pillay V; Remya U; Krishnaprasad R; Rajammal B

    2007-01-01

    Background: Circulating fetal cells and cell free DNA in the maternal blood has been shown to help in prenatal diagnosis of genetic disorders without relying on invasive procedures leading to significant risk of pregnancy loss. Aim: The current study was undertaken to detect the male fetal population using Y STR markers DYS 19, DYS 385 and DYS 392 and also to study the extent of persistence of fetal DNA in the mother following delivery. Materials and Methods: Blinded study was conducted ...

  4. Genetic data for 17 Y-chromosomal STR loci in Macedonians in the Republic of Macedonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakovski, Zlatko; Nikolova, Ksenija; Jankova-Ajanovska, Renata; Marjanovic, Damir; Pojskic, Naris; Janeska, Biljana

    2011-08-01

    The population data were obtained for the 16 Y chromosomal STR loci included in the AmpFistr(®)Yfiler™ PCR Amplification Kit (DYS456, DYS389I, DYS390, DYS389II, DYS458, DYS19, DYS385 a/b, DYS393, DYS391, DYS439, DYS635, DYS392, Y-GATA H4, DYS437, DYS438, DYS448) in a sample of 262 unrelated men from the Republic of Macedonia. PMID:21549657

  5. Population Statistics and Analysis of STR Polymorphisms Data Using R and Package Forensic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Faltus, Václav; Zvárová, Jana

    Munich: Ludwig Maximilians Universitat, 2008 - (Hothorn, L.; Mansmann, U.; Tutz, G.; Burger, U.; Mejza, S.). s. 196-196 ISBN 978-3-86541-266-9. [Lifestat 2008. 10.03.2008-13.03.2008, Munich] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) 1M06014 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : STR polymorphisms * population statistics Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research

  6. Comparative Studies of Population Synthesis Models in the Framework of Modified Strömgren Filters

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Yuvraj Harsha Sreedhar; Karl Rakos; Gerhard Hensler

    2014-03-01

    Evolutionary models form a vital part of stellar population research in understanding their evolution, but despite their long history of development, they are often misrepresented and the properties of stellar population observed through broadband and spectroscopic measurements are also misinterpreted. With growing numbers of these synthesis models, model comparison becomes an important analysis to choose a suitable model for understanding stellar populations and model up-gradation. Along with model comparison, we reinvestigate the technique ofmodified Strömgren photometry to measure reliable parameter-sensitive colours and estimate precise model ages and metallicities. The assessment of Rakos/Schulz models with GALEV and Worthey’s Lick/IDS model find smaller colour variation: ( - ) ≤ 0.056, ( - ) ≤ -0.05 and ( − ) ≤ 0.061. The study conveys a good agreement of GALEV models with modified Strömgren colours but with poor UV model predictions and observed globular cluster data, while the spectroscopic models perform badly because of outdated isochrone and stellar spectral libraries with inaccurate/insufficient knowledge of various stellar phases and their treatment. Overall, the assessment finds modified Strömgren photometry well suited to study different types stellar populations by mitigating the effects of age-metallicity degeneracy.

  7. Reconstructing recent human phylogenies with forensic STR loci: A statistical approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khan Faisal

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Forensic Short Tandem Repeat (STR loci are effective for the purpose of individual identification, and other forensic applications. Most of these markers have high allelic variability and mutation rate because of which they have limited use in the phylogenetic reconstruction. In the present study, we have carried out a meta-analysis to explore the possibility of using only five STR loci (TPOX, FES, vWA, F13A and Tho1 to carry out phylogenetic assessment based on the allele frequency profile of 20 world population and north Indian Hindus analyzed in the present study. Results Phylogenetic analysis based on two different approaches – genetic distance and maximum likelihood along with statistical bootstrapping procedure involving 1000 replicates was carried out. The ensuing tree topologies and PC plots were further compared with those obtained in earlier phylogenetic investigations. The compiled database of 21 populations got segregated and finely resolved into three basal clusters with very high bootstrap values corresponding to three geo-ethnic groups of African, Orientals, and Caucasians. Conclusion Based on this study we conclude that if appropriate and logistic statistical approaches are followed then even lesser number of forensic STR loci are powerful enough to reconstruct the recent human phylogenies despite of their relatively high mutation rates.

  8. Detection of Y STR markers of male fetal dna in maternal circulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nair Seema

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Circulating fetal cells and cell free DNA in the maternal blood has been shown to help in prenatal diagnosis of genetic disorders without relying on invasive procedures leading to significant risk of pregnancy loss. Aim: The current study was undertaken to detect the male fetal population using Y STR markers DYS 19, DYS 385 and DYS 392 and also to study the extent of persistence of fetal DNA in the mother following delivery. Materials and Methods: Blinded study was conducted on 50 mothers delivering male and female babies. Cellular and cell free DNA was extracted from maternal and fetal cord blood and amplified for Y STR markers by PCR. Results: The amplification sensitivity of Y specific STR, DYS19 was 100% (22/22 in the male fetal DNA samples. The incidence of other STRs, i.e., DYS385 and DYS392 were 91% (20/22 each. Analysis of results revealed that thirteen of the twenty six women had detectable male fetal DNA at the time of delivery. However fetal DNA was not detectable twenty four hours after delivery. Conclusion: Preliminary results show that the separation of fetal cell-free DNA in the maternal circulation is a good low-cost approach for the future development of novel strategies to provide non-invasive techniques for early prenatal diagnosis.

  9. Analysis of seventeen Y-chromosome STR loci in the Cape Muslim population of South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cloete, Kevin; Ehrenreich, Liezle; D'Amato, María Eugenia; Leat, Neil; Davison, Sean; Benjeddou, Mongi

    2010-01-01

    Two Y-STR genotyping systems were evaluated for usefulness in forensic casework in the Cape Muslim population of South Africa. Samples were collected from 105 males, and genotyped for 17 loci amplified in two multiplexes. Allele and haplotype frequencies were determined for nine Y-STR loci used to define the minimal haplotype (DYS19, DYS389-I, DYS389-II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, and the duplicated locus DYS385) amplified in one multiplex, as well as for eight widely used loci amplified in a second multiplex and consisting of DYS449, DYS481, DYS518, DYS557, DYS570, DYS607, DYS612 and DYS614. When analysing the samples for all the loci, 104 unique haplotypes were obtained, and the discrimination capacity was 0.990. When considering only the nine Y-STRs included in the minimal haplotype, 91 unique haplotypes were obtained, and the discrimination capacity was 0.866. In the case of the remaining eight Y-STR loci, values of 97 and 0.924 were obtained, respectively. PMID:19962930

  10. Y-STR genetic diversity in autochthonous Andalusians from Huelva and Granada provinces (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ambrosio, Beatriz; Novelletto, Andrea; Hernandez, Candela; Dugoujon, Jean Michel; Fortes-Lima, César; Rodriguez, Juan Nicolás; Calderon, Rosario

    2012-03-01

    Seventeen Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (STRs) were analyzed in 347 healthy, unrelated, autochthonous males from the Andalusian provinces of Huelva (N=167) and Granada (N=180). AmpFlSTR Y-filer PCR Amplification kit (Applied Biosystems) was used to type the Y-STR markers. A total of 156 and 166 different haplotypes for the 17 Y-STR set were detected in Huelva, and Granada, respectively. The same haplotype diversity was found for both samples (0.998±0.001), and the overall discrimination capacity was 0.904. The most common minimal haplotype (DYS19, DYS389 I, DYS389 II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393) in both subpopulations was 14-13-16-24-11-13-13, which is also the most frequent haplotype among Atlantic European populations. Comparison analysis using pairwise R(ST) values and Analysis of Molecular Variance (AMOVA) revealed a significant genetic distance between our Andalusian samples and other ones from the northern Iberian fringe (including Basque and Pyrenean populations). However, results from the multi-dimensional scaling analysis (MDS) yielded a well-defined group of Iberian populations separated from the other Mediterranean clusters observed. PMID:21664894

  11. Design and validation of a highly discriminatory 10-locus Y-chromosome STR multiplex system

    KAUST Repository

    D'Amato, María Eugenia

    2011-03-01

    The Y-chromosome STRs (short tandem repeat) markers are routinely utilized in the resolution of forensic casework related to sexual assault. For this, the forensic community has adopted a set of eleven (core) Y-STR that is incorporated in all commercial diagnostic systems. Our previous studies of Y-STR polymorphisms in the South African population identified low levels of diversity and discrimination capacity for many commercial marker sets, determining a limited applicability of these systems to the local population groups. To overcome this shortcoming, we designed a Y-STR 10-plex system that shows higher discriminatory capacity (DC) than available commercial systems. The markers were selected from a population group of 283 individuals with African, European and Asian ancestry genotyped at 45 Y-STRs, applying an optimization based selection procedure to achieve the highest possible DC with the minimal number of markers. The 10-plex was satisfactorily subjected to developmental validation tests following the SWGDAM guidelines and shows potential for its application to genealogical and evolutionary studies. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

  12. Establishing a DNA identification system for pigs (Sus scrofa) using a multiplex STR amplification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yu-Chih; Hsieh, Hsing-Mei; Lee, James Chun-I; Hsiao, Chung-Ting; Lin, Der-Yuh; Linacre, Adrian; Tsai, Li-Chin

    2014-03-01

    In this study we establish a novel STR multiplex using 13 tetra-nucleotide STRs and the amelogenin marker for the forensic identification of pigs. The genotypes and allele frequency were generated based on 341 samples from 11 pig breeds in Taiwan. Genetic variation was tested including Na, Ne, Ho, He, F-statistics, PIC, Pm and PE for each STR locus and for each breed. Based upon the 341 samples in this study, the CPm and CPEtrio of the 13 STR loci were 1.31 E-11 and 0.9996 respectively. The CPItrio based on ten family sets ranged from 4.012 E+4 to 4.332 E+6 for paternity test. Validation of the multiplex included: determining the sensitivity of the test, where reproducible full DNA profiles were obtained using an initial template of between 0.25 and 1 ng; a comprehensive range of tissue types generated the same genotype; and the specificity was confirmed as no DNA full profile was generated for any species other than Sus scrofa. Based on the phylogenetic analysis, the European domestic breeds clustered separately from the Asian breeds, as expected, and their hybrids formed unique clades respectively between the clades of Asian and European breeds. Eleven test samples, acting as unknown samples, matched all expected breeds. We demonstrate that this novel 14-plex PCR system is valuable in pig individualization, parentage testing, breed assessment, phylogenetic study and forensic applications. PMID:24528574

  13. Utility of Y-STR haplotype and mtDNA sequence in personal identification of human remains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koyama, Hiroyoshi; Iwasa, Mineo; Tsuchimochi, Tsukasa; Maeno, Yoshitaka; Isobe, Ichiro; Matsumoto, Tomohiro; Nagao, Masataka

    2002-06-01

    The utility of Y-STR haplotype and mtDNA sequence in personal identification from human remains is demonstrated. In five cases, severely damaged human remains were identified by Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat (STR) (Y-STR) haplotyping and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequencing. DNA was extracted from highly adipoceratous tissues using the phenol-chloroform method and polymerase chain reaction amplified for Y-STR haplotyping and sequencing of two hypervariable regions, HV1 and HV2, of the mtDNA. The authors also profiled the Y-STR haplotype and mtDNA sequence of a blood sample that was obtained from the presumptive brother of the decedent. Y-STR haplotyping and mtDNA sequencing results were compared with one another and with the Anderson sequence. It was concluded from these data that the lower part of the body (Case 1), the human head (Case 2), the upper part of the body (Case 3), and the right arm (Case 4) were from the same individual, whereas another lower part of a body (Case 5) was from a relative of the presumptive brother. A novel descriptive way of a statistical characteristic, gene or haplotype diversity, is shown. PMID:12040265

  14. Fetal male lineage determination by analysis of Y-chromosome STR haplotype in maternal plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barra, Gustavo Barcelos; Santa Rita, Ticiane Henriques; Chianca, Camilla Figueiredo; Velasco, Lara Francielle Ribeiro; de Sousa, Claudia Ferreira; Nery, Lídia Freire Abdalla; Costa, Sandra Santana Soares

    2015-03-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the fetus Y-STR haplotype in maternal plasma during pregnancy and estimate, non-invasively, if the alleged father and fetus belong to the same male lineage. The study enrolled couples with singleton pregnancies and known paternity. All participants signed informed consent and the local ethics committee approved the study. Peripheral blood was collected in EDTA tubes (mother) and in FTA paper (father). Maternal plasma DNA was extracted by using NucliSens EasyMAG. Fetal gender was determined by qPCR targeting DYS-14 in maternal plasma and it was also confirmed after the delivery. From all included volunteers, the first consecutive 20 mothers bearing male fetuses and 10 mothers bearing female fetuses were selected for the Y-STR analysis. The median gestational age was 12 weeks (range 12-36). All DNA samples were subjected to PCR amplification by PowerPlex Y23, ampFLSTR Yfiler, and two in-house multiplexes, which together accounts for 27 different Y-STR. The PCR products were detected with 3500 Genetic Analyzer and they were analyzed using GeneMapper-IDX. Fetuses' haplotypes (Yfiler format) were compared to other 5328 Brazilian haplotypes available on Y-chromosome haplotypes reference database (YHRD). As a result, between 22 and 27 loci were successfully amplified from maternal plasma in all 20 cases of male fetuses. None of the women bearing female fetuses had a falsely amplified Y-STR haplotype. The haplotype detected in maternal plasma completely matched the alleged father haplotype in 16 out of the 20 cases. Four cases showed single mismatches and they did not configure exclusions; 1 case showed a mutation in the DYS 458 locus due to the loss of one repeat unit and 3 cases showed one DYS 385I/II locus dropout. All mismatches were confirmed after the delivery. Seventeen fetuses' haplotypes were not found in YHRD and one of them had a mutation, which corresponded to the paternity probability of 99.9812% and 95.7028%, respectively

  15. Evaluation of the MeltPro TB/STR assay for rapid detection of streptomycin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ting; Hu, Siyu; Li, Guoli; Li, Hui; Liu, Xiaoli; Niu, Jianjun; Wang, Feng; Wen, Huixin; Xu, Ye; Li, Qingge

    2015-03-01

    Rapid and comprehensive detection of drug-resistance is essential for the control of tuberculosis, which has facilitated the development of molecular assays for the detection of drug-resistant mutations in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. We hereby assessed the analytical and clinical performance of an assay for streptomycin-resistant mutations. MeltPro TB/STR is a closed-tube, dual-color, melting curve analysis-based, real-time PCR test designed to detect 15 streptomycin-resistant mutations in rpsL 43, rpsL 88, rrs 513, rrs 514, rrs 517, and rrs 905-908 of M. tuberculosis. Analytical studies showed that the accuracy was 100%, the limit of detection was 50-500 bacilli per reaction, the reproducibility in the form of Tm variation was within 1.0 °C, and we could detect 20% STR resistance in mixed bacterial samples. The cross-platform study demonstrated that the assay could be performed on six models of real-time PCR instruments. A multicenter clinical study was conducted using 1056 clinical isolates, which were collected from three geographically different healthcare units, including 709 STR-susceptible and 347 STR-resistant isolates characterized on Löwenstein-Jensen solid medium by traditional drug susceptibility testing. The results showed that the clinical sensitivity and specificity of the MeltPro TB/STR was 88.8% and 95.8%, respectively. Sequencing analysis confirmed the accuracy of the mutation types. Among all the 8 mutation types detected, rpsL K43R (AAG → AGG), rpsL K88R (AAG → AGG) and rrs 514 A → C accounted for more than 90%. We concluded that MeltPro TB/STR represents a rapid and reliable assay for the detection of STR resistance in clinical isolates. PMID:25553930

  16. Population Genetic data for 15 Autosomal STR markers in Eastern Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokdemir, Mehmet; Tunçez, Ferhat Turgut; Vicdanli, Nazif Harun

    2016-07-15

    The allelic frequency distribution and statistical genetic parameters of forensic relevance for 15 STR loci (D8S1179, D21S11, D7S820, CSF1PO, D3S1358, TH01, D13S317, D16S539, D2S1338, D19S433, vWA, TPOX, D18S51, D5S818 and FGA) in a population sample of 802 unrelated individuals in Eastern Turkey. The expected performance of these loci for personal identification and paternity testing in this population was estimated. Eastern Turkey and other 12 country population data were compared using allele frequencies. PMID:27033586

  17. Human Short Tandem Repeat (STR Markers for Paternity Testing in Pig-Tailed Macaques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DYAH PERWITASARI-FARAJALLAH

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the use of human short tandem repeat (STR or microsatellite loci markers for assessing paternity and genetic structure of pig-tailed macaques (Macaca nemestrina breeding colony. Four human microsatellite primer pairs located at human map position D1S548, D3S1768, D5S820, and D2S1777, were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR for pig-tailed macaques. Four loci were found to be clearly and reliably amplified, and three loci exhibited high levels of genetic heterogeneity. These loci were sufficiently informative to differentiate discretely between related and unrelated pairs.

  18. A global analysis of Y-chromosomal haplotype diversity for 23 STR loci

    OpenAIRE

    Purps, Josephine; Siegert, Sabine; Willuweit, Sascha; Nagy, Marion; Alves, Cíntia; Salazar, Renato; Angustia, Sheila M.T.; Santos, Lorna H; Anslinger, Katja; Bayer, Birgit; Ayub, Qasim; Wei, Wei; Xue, Yali; Tyler-Smith, Chris; Bafalluy, Miriam Baeta

    2014-01-01

    In a worldwide collaborative effort, 19,630 Y-chromosomes were sampled from 129 different populations in 51 countries. These chromosomes were typed for 23 short-tandem repeat (STR) loci (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385ab, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, GATAH4, DYS481, DYS533, DYS549, DYS570, DYS576, and DYS643) and using the PowerPlex Y23 System (PPY23, Promega Corporation, Madison, WI). Locus-specific allelic spectra of these markers ...

  19. Strømmålinger ved Sæby Udløbsledning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Torben

    Med henblik på at vurdere tidevandsstrømningens amplitude i det kystnære område ud for Sæby har man i ca. 14 dage fra 25.5.81 til 11.6.81 haft udlagt en Aanderraa RCM 4 strømmåler ca. 1 m under overfladen på ca. 4 m vanddybde. Måleren la ca. 900 m fra land i en linje, som var en forlængelse af...

  20. Y-STR diversity and ethnic admixture in White and Mulatto Brazilian population samples

    OpenAIRE

    Luzitano Brandão Ferreira; Celso Teixeira Mendes-Junior; Cláudia Emília Vieira Wiezel; Marcelo Rizzatti Luizon; Aguinaldo Luiz Simões

    2006-01-01

    We investigated 50 Mulatto and 120 White Brazilians for the Y-chromosome short tandem repeat (Y-STR) markers (DYS19, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392 and DYS393) and found 79 different haplotypes in the White and 35 in the Mulatto sample. Admixture estimates based on allele frequencies showed that the admixture of the white sample was 89% European, 6% African and 5% Amerindian while the Mulatto sample was 93% European and 7% African. Results were consistent with historical records of the directional ma...

  1. Y-STR diversity and ethnic admixture in White and Mulatto Brazilian population samples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luzitano Brandão Ferreira

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigated 50 Mulatto and 120 White Brazilians for the Y-chromosome short tandem repeat (Y-STR markers (DYS19, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392 and DYS393 and found 79 different haplotypes in the White and 35 in the Mulatto sample. Admixture estimates based on allele frequencies showed that the admixture of the white sample was 89% European, 6% African and 5% Amerindian while the Mulatto sample was 93% European and 7% African. Results were consistent with historical records of the directional mating between European males and Amerindian or African females.

  2. Genetic population study of 11 Y chromosome STR loci in Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katsaloulis, Panayotis; Tsekoura, Konstantina; Vouropoulou, Maria; Miniati, Penelope

    2013-05-01

    Statistical properties of eleven Y chromosome Short Tandem Repeat (STR) markers were analyzed (DYS391, DYS389I, DYS439, DYS389II, DYS438, DYS437, DYS19, DYS392, DYS393, DYS390 and DYS385) in a Greek population sample. The 200 subjects where distributed across Greece, from various Peripheries. 182 distinct haplotypes were found. To validate our results gene diversity has been calculated for the whole population, as well as for each locus individually. Genetic distance has been estimated between this population and Albanian, Egyptian, Italian and Turkish populations. The results indicate that all Y loci are useful for forensic sciences. PMID:23582698

  3. CFD-Simulation zur Untersuchung des Strömungsverhaltens in Strukturrohren

    OpenAIRE

    Hellwig, Udo; Nikolaus, Hartwig

    2004-01-01

    Die CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics)-Simulation hat mittlerweile in alle technischen Bereiche Einzug gehalten, in denen die Vorhersage strömungstechnischer Ereignisse relevant ist. Nach wie vor ist allerdings eine Validierung von Rechenergebnissen mit Messdaten unerlässlich, um zu vertrauenswürdigen Simulationsergebnissen zu kommen. Dies ist u. a. darauf zurückzuführen, dass die am Markt verfügbare CFD-Software darauf ausgerichtet ist, ein möglichst breites Anwendungsspektrum zu bedienen. D...

  4. Kystmodellen NorKyst-800 – en strømmodell for hele norskekysten

    OpenAIRE

    Asplin, Lars; Sandvik, Anne D.; Albretsen, Jon

    2011-01-01

    Kystmodellen NorKyst-800 er en beregningsmodell som simulerer bl.a. strøm, saltholdighet og temperatur med 800 meters romlig oppløsning og med høy oppløsning i tid for hele norskekysten. NorKyst-800 er utviklet på Havforskningsinstituttet i samarbeid med Meteorologisk institutt og Niva. :: The coastal model NorKyst-800 is a computer model that simulates variables such as currents, salinity and temperature along the whole Norwegian coast, at an 800 metre spatia...

  5. An investigation of admixture in an Australian Aboriginal Y-chromosome STR database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Duncan; Nagle, Nano; Ballantyne, Kaye N; van Oorschot, Roland A H; Wilcox, Stephen; Henry, Julianne; Turakulov, Rust; Mitchell, R John

    2012-09-01

    Y-chromosome specific STR profiling is increasingly used in forensic casework. However, the strong geographic clustering of Y haplogroups can lead to large differences in Y-STR haplotype frequencies between different ethnicities, which may have an impact on database composition in admixed populations. Aboriginal people have inhabited Australia for over 40,000 years and until ∼300 years ago they lived in almost complete isolation. Since the late 18th century Australia has experienced massive immigration, mainly from Europe, although in recent times from more widespread origins. This colonisation resulted in highly asymmetrical admixture between the immigrants and the indigenes. A State jurisdiction within Australia has created an Aboriginal Y-STR database in which assignment of ethnicity was by self-declaration. This criterion means that some males who identify culturally as members of a particular ethnic group may have a Y haplogroup characteristic of another ethnic group, as a result of admixture in their paternal line. As this may be frequent in Australia, an examination of the extent of genetic admixture within the database was performed. A Y haplogroup predictor program was first used to identify Y haplotypes that could be assigned to a European haplogroup. Of the 757 males (589 unique haplotypes), 445 (58.8%) were identified as European (354 haplotypes). The 312 non-assigned males (235 haplotypes) were then typed, in a hierarchical fashion, with a Y-SNP panel that detected the major Y haplogroups, C-S, as well as the Aboriginal subgroup of C, C4. Among these 96 males were found to have non-Aboriginal haplogroups. In total, ∼70% of Y chromosomes in the Aboriginal database could be classed as non-indigenous, with only 169 (129 unique haplotypes) or 22% of the total being associated with haplogroups denoting Aboriginal ancestry, C4 and K* or more correctly K(xL,M,N,O,P,Q,R,S). The relative frequencies of these indigenous haplogroups in South Australia (S

  6. STR: a student developed star tracker for the ESA-LED ESMO moon mission

    OpenAIRE

    Lizy-Destrez, Stéphanie; Mimoun, David

    2010-01-01

    In the frame of their engineering degree, ISAE’s students are developing a Star Tracker, with the aim of being the core attitude estimation equipment of the European Moon Student Orbiter. This development goes on since several years and is currently in phase B. We intend to start building an integrated breadboard for the end of the academic year. The STR is composed of several sub-systems: the optical and detection sub-system, the electronics, the mechanics and the software. The optical de...

  7. Introduction of the Python script STRinNGS for analysis of STR regions in FASTQ or BAM files and expansion of the Danish STR sequence database to 11 STRs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friis, Susanne L; Buchard, Anders; Rockenbauer, Eszter; Børsting, Claus; Morling, Niels

    2016-03-01

    This work introduces the in-house developed Python application STRinNGS for analysis of STR sequence elements in BAM or FASTQ files. STRinNGS identifies sequence reads with STR loci by their flanking sequences, it analyses the STR sequence and the flanking regions, and generates a report with the assigned SNP-STR alleles. The main output file from STRinNGS contains all sequences with read counts above 1% of the total number of reads per locus. STR sequences are automatically named according to the nomenclature used previously and according to the repeat unit definitions in STRBase (http://www.cstl.nist.gov/strbase/). The sequences are named with (1) the locus name, (2) the length of the repeat region divided by the length of the repeat unit, (3) the sequence(s) of the repeat unit(s) followed by the number of repeats and (4) variations in the flanking regions. Lower case letters in the main output file are used to flag sequences with previously unknown variations in the STRs. SNPs in the flanking regions are named by their "rs" numbers and the nucleotides in the SNP position. Data from 207 Danes sequenced with the Ion Torrent™ HID STR 10-plex that amplified nine STRs (CSF1PO, D3S1358, D5S818, D7S820, D8S1179, D16S539, TH01, TPOX, vWA), and Amelogenin was analysed with STRinNGS. Sequencing uncovered five common SNPs near four STRs and revealed 20 new alleles in the 207 Danes. Three short homopolymers in the D8S1179 flanking regions caused frequent sequencing errors. In 29 of 3726 allele calls (0.8%), sequences with homopolymer errors were falsely assigned as true alleles. An in-house developed script in R compensated for these errors by compiling sequence reads that had identical STR sequences and identical nucleotides in the five common SNPs. In the output file from the R script, all SNP-STR haplotype calls were correct. The 207 samples and six additional samples were sequenced for D3S1358, D12S391, and D21S11 using the 454 GS Junior platform in this and a

  8. Kan ullfrotté lindra de strålrelaterade hudbiverkningarna vid behandling av bröstcancer?

    OpenAIRE

    Bylund, Jennie; Johansson, Charlotte

    2015-01-01

    Syfte. Att jämföra strålrelaterade hudbiverkningar efter behandling av bröstcancer mellan kvinnor som använt en nyutvecklad bh innehållande ullfrotté, och kvinnor som inte använt bhn. Bakgrund. Bröstcancer är den vanligaste cancerdiagnosen för kvinnor i världen, där behandlingen främst utgörs av kirurgi med kompletterande cytostatika- och strålbehandling. En av de vanligaste biverkningarna vid strålbehandling är hudreaktioner. Design. Kvantitativ deskriptiv tvärsnittsstudie. Metod. Enkätstud...

  9. Y-STR analysis on DNA mixture samples--results of a collaborative project of the ENFSI DNA Working Group

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Parson, Walther; Niederstätter, Harald; Lindinger, Alexandra;

    2008-01-01

    The ENFSI (European Network of Forensic Science Institutes) DNA Working Group undertook a collaborative project on Y-STR typing of DNA mixture samples that were centrally prepared and thoroughly tested prior to the shipment. Four commercial Y-STR typing kits (Y-Filer, Applied Biosystems, Foster...... from the peak heights of the obtained Y-STR genotypes. Variation in quantity and quality of the shipped DNA can be excluded as reason for the observed differences because both samples and shipping conditions were found to be reproducible in an earlier study. The results suggest that in some cases a...... laboratory-specific optimization process is indicated to reach a comparable sensitivity for the analysis of minute amounts of DNA....

  10. Topical problems connected with the German act on electricity from renewable energy sources (StrEG); Aktuelle Probleme des Stromeinspeisungsgesetzes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pohlmann, M. [VDEW, Frankfurt am Main (Germany). Rechtsabteilung

    1998-11-16

    The German act (StrEG) intended to enhance the use of renewable energy sources for electricity generation and to promote the relevant technologies raises some problems in connection with constitutional law that still await judicial review by the German Federal Constitutional Court. In addition, doubts as to the lawfulness of provisions of the act have been emerging in connection with EC laws governing the regime of subsidies and state aid. The article here summarizes the current situation. (orig./CB) [Deutsch] Die verfassungsrechtlichen Fragen des Stromeinspeisungsgesetzes (StrEG) harren noch immer einer Loesung durch das Bundesverfassungsgericht. Auch auf einer anderen Ebene wird die Rechtmaessigkeit des StrEG immer mehr in Zweifel gezogen. Die Probleme der Vereinbarkeit mit dem europaeischen Beihilferecht treten immer offener zutage. Der Beitrag fasst die aktuelle Situation zusammen. (orig./CB)

  11. Validation of a combined autosomal/Y-chromosomal STR approach for analyzing typical biological stains in sexual-assault cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purps, Josephine; Geppert, Maria; Nagy, Marion; Roewer, Lutz

    2015-11-01

    DNA testing is an established part of the investigation and prosecution of sexual assault. The primary purpose of DNA evidence is to identify a suspect and/or to demonstrate sexual contact. However, due to highly uneven proportions of female and male DNA in typical stains, routine autosomal analysis often fails to detect the DNA of the assailant. To evaluate the forensic efficiency of the combined application of autosomal and Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat (STR) markers, we present a large retrospective casework study of probative evidence collected in sexual-assault cases. We investigated up to 39 STR markers by testing combinations of the 16-locus NGMSElect kit with both the 23-locus PowerPlex Y23 and the 17-locus Yfiler kit. Using this dual approach we analyzed DNA extracts from 2077 biological stains collected in 287 cases over 30 months. To assess the outcome of the combined approach in comparison to stand-alone autosomal analysis we evaluated informative DNA profiles. Our investigation revealed that Y-STR analysis added up to 21% additional, highly informative (complete, single-source) profiles to the set of reportable autosomal STR profiles for typical stains collected in sexual-assault cases. Detection of multiple male contributors was approximately three times more likely with Y-chromosomal profiling than with autosomal STR profiling. In summary, 1/10 cases would have remained inconclusive (and could have been dismissed) if Y-STR analysis had been omitted from DNA profiling in sexual-assault cases. PMID:26280567

  12. Genetic analysis of 15 autosomal and 12 Y-STR loci in the Espirito Santo State population, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolfgramm, Eldamária de Vargas; Silva, Beatriz Candida; Aguiar, Vitor Resende da Costa; Malta, Frederico Scott Varela; de Castro, Amanda Mafia; Ferreira, Alessandro Clayton de Souza; Prezoti, Alessandra Nunes Loureiro; de Paula, Flavia; Louro, Iúri Drumond

    2011-06-01

    This study provides population genetic data for individuals of Vitoria, Espirito Santo, Brazil, a location not yet characterized for STR frequencies used for genetic identification studies. Allelic frequencies and other population data analysis are reported for the 15 autosomal-STR loci included in the PowerPlex(®)16 kit (CSF1PO, D13S317, D16S539, D18S51, D21S11, D3S1358, D5S818, D7S820, D8S1179, FGA, Penta D, Penta E, TPOX, TH01 and vWA). Allele and haplotype frequencies, gene diversity and discrimination capacity were also estimated for the PowerPlex(®) Y System (DYS19, DYS385, DYS389I/II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438 and DYS439). Blood samples were obtained from 226 unrelated volunteers (135 males and 91 females) residents in the city of Vitoria, representing a typical sample of the mixed ethnicity present in the Espirito Santo State, Brazil. Within the tested population, the total number of individuals typed for specific markers is: 226 for D13S317, D21S11, D3S1358, D7S820, D8S1179 and FGA; 225 for D16S539 and D5S818; 224 for D18S51; 223 for CSF1PO; 222 for Penta D and vWA; 220 for Penta E; 207 for TPOX and 142 for TH01. Y-STR haplotypes were analyzed for 102 unrelated males, being 71 of them present in the 135 autosomal-STR sample, and 31 new males tested only for Y-STR markers. All autosomal markers were in Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium. Y-STR analysis identified 101 haplotypes, being 100 of them unique. PMID:20965142

  13. Strömgren survey for asteroseismology and galactic archaeology: Let the saga begin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Casagrande, L.; Dotter, A.; Milone, A. P.; Marino, A. F.; Asplund, M.; Schlesinger, K. J. [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Mount Stromlo Observatory, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2611 (Australia); Aguirre, V. Silva; Lund, M. N.; Grundahl, F.; Nissen, P. E. [Stellar Astrophysics Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Stello, D. [Sydney Institute for Astronomy (SIfA), School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Huber, D. [NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Serenelli, A. M. [Institute of Space Sciences (IEEC-CSIC), Campus UAB, Fac. Ciéncies, Torre C5 parell 2, E-08193 Bellaterra (Spain); Cassisi, S.; Pietrinferni, A. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Collurania, via Maggini, I-64100 Teramo (Italy); Hodgkin, S. [Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Feltzing, S. [Lund Observatory, Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, P.O. Box 43, SE-22100 Lund (Sweden); Flynn, C. [Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, VIC 3122 (Australia); Schönrich, R. [Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210-1173 (United States); Wang, W., E-mail: luca.casagrande@anu.edu.au [National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China)

    2014-06-01

    Asteroseismology has the capability of precisely determining stellar properties that would otherwise be inaccessible, such as radii, masses, and thus ages of stars. When coupling this information with classical determinations of stellar parameters, such as metallicities, effective temperatures, and angular diameters, powerful new diagnostics for Galactic studies can be obtained. The ongoing Strömgren survey for Asteroseismology and Galactic Archaeology has the goal of transforming the Kepler field into a new benchmark for Galactic studies, similar to the solar neighborhood. Here we present the first results from a stripe centered at a Galactic longitude of 74° and covering latitude from about 8° to 20°, which includes almost 1000 K giants with seismic information and the benchmark open cluster NGC 6819. We describe the coupling of classical and seismic parameters, the accuracy as well as the caveats of the derived effective temperatures, metallicities, distances, surface gravities, masses, and radii. Confidence in the achieved precision is corroborated by the detection of the first and secondary clumps in a population of field stars with a ratio of 2 to 1 and by the negligible scatter in the seismic distances among NGC 6819 member stars. An assessment of the reliability of stellar parameters in the Kepler Input Catalog is also performed, and the impact of our results for population studies in the Milky Way is discussed, along with the importance of an all-sky Strömgren survey.

  14. Analysis of 17 STR data on 5362 southern Portuguese individuals-an update on reference database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabezas Silva, Raquel; Ribeiro, Teresa; Lucas, Isabel; Porto, Maria João; Costa Santos, Jorge; Dario, Paulo

    2016-03-01

    The main objective of this work consisted of the updating of allele frequencies and other relevant forensic parameters for the 17 autosomal STR loci provided by the combination of the two types of kits used routinely in our laboratory casework: AmpF/STR Identifiler(®) and the Powerplex(®) 16 Systems. This aim was of significant importance, given that the last study on these kits within the southern Portuguese population dates back to 2006, and, as a consequence, it was necessary to correct the deviation caused by population evolution over the last ten years so that they might be better applied to our forensic casework. For this reason genetic data from 5362 unrelated Caucasian Portuguese individuals from the south of Portugal who were involved in paternity testing casework from 2005 to 2014 was used. Of all the markers, TPOX proved to be the least polymorphic, and Penta E the most. Secondly, this up-to-date southern Portuguese population was compared not only with the northern and central Portuguese populations, but also with that of southern Portugal in 2006, along with populations from Spain, Italy, Greece, Romania, Morocco, Angola and Korea in order to infer information about the relatedness of these respective populations, and the variation of the southern Portuguese population over time. PMID:26651434

  15. 3D rozhraní pro webové stránky

    OpenAIRE

    Klepárník, Petr

    2012-01-01

    Tato práce diskutuje možnosti vytváření 3D webových stránek. Zaměřuje se především na akcelerované vykreslování 3D scény v reálném čase ve webovém prohlížeči s využitím webové grafické knihovny WebGL. Dále se zabývá návrhem 3D webového uživatelského rozhraní a implementací webové stránky prostřednictvím JavaScriptu (WebGL). V závěru práce jsou vyhodnoceny uživatelské testy rozhraní a celkově dosažené výsledky.

  16. Y-STR variation in the Basque diaspora in the Western USA: evolutionary and forensic perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valverde, Laura; Rosique, Melania; Köhnemann, Stephan; Cardoso, Sergio; García, Ainara; Odriozola, Adrián; Aznar, Jose María; Celorrio, David; Schuerenkamp, Marianne; Zubizarreta, Josu; Davis, Michael C; Hampikian, Greg; Pfeiffer, Heidi; de Pancorbo, Marian M

    2012-03-01

    Individuals of Basque origin migrated in large numbers to the Western USA in the second half of the nineteenth century, and the flow continued with less intensity during the last century. The European source population, that of the Basque Country, has long been a cultural and geographical isolate. Previous studies have demonstrated that Y-STR frequencies of Basques are different from those of other Spanish and European populations [1]. The Basque diaspora in the Western USA is a recent migration, but the founder effect and the incorporation of new American Y chromosomes into the paternal genetic pool of the Basque diaspora could have influenced its genetic structure and could thus have practical implications for forensic genetics. To check for genetic substructure among the European source and Basque diaspora populations and determine the most suitable population database for the Basque diaspora in the Western USA, we have analysed the haplotype distribution of 17 Y-STRs in both populations. We have found that the Basque diaspora in the Western USA largely conserve the Y chromosome lineage characteristic of the autochthonous European Basque population with no statistically significant differences. This implies that a common 17 Y-STR Basque population database could be used to calculate identification or kinship parameters regardless of whether the Basque individuals are from the European Basque Country or from the Basque diaspora in the Western USA. PMID:22081043

  17. Analysis of Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat (STR) polymorphism in an Iranian Sadat population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rafiee, M R; Sokhansanj, A; Naghizadeh, M A; Farazmand, A

    2009-08-01

    The molecular genotyping of individuals and reconstruction of kinship through short and highly polymorphic DNA markers, so called short tandem repeats (STR), has become one of the important and efficient methods in anthropology studies and forensic science. Although many populations have been analyzed, no study has yet been carried out on Sadat populations who are putative descendents of Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him). Polymorphisms of 6 Y-STR loci (DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS392, and DYS393) have been studied in an unrelated population of Sadat males. The aim of this study was to find possible similarities within Sadat males, resided in Iran. Among Sadat, DYS385b was proved to be the most polymorphic (GD = 0.8588), and DYS392 showed the lowest polymorphism (GD = 0.3527). In 50 samples, 45 different haplotypes were found, of which 39 haplotypes were unique. In the study, three samples had multi-allelic patterns. Haplotype diversity, in regard to these 7 markers was 0.9942. PMID:19769300

  18. Population data for 12 Y-chromosome STR loci in a sample from El Salvador.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monterrosa, Juan Carlos; Morales, Josefina A; Yurrebaso, Iñaki; Gusmão, Leonor; García, Oscar

    2010-01-01

    Haplotype, allele frequencies and population data of 12 Y-chromosome STR loci DYS19, DYS385, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438 and DYS439 were determined from a sample of 150 unrelated male individuals from El Salvador, Central America. A total of 131 haplotypes were identified by the 12 Y-STR loci of which 118 were unique. The haplotype diversity (99.08%) and the proportion of different haplotypes (87.33%) were estimated. R(ST) genetic distances were calculated between El Salvador and other populations from Southern and Central America, Europe and Africa. The highest R(ST) genetic distances were found when comparing El Salvador with African populations (0.334

  19. Population data for 12 Y-chromosome STR loci in a sample from Honduras.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matamoros, Mireya; Yurrebaso, Iñaki; Gusmão, Leonor; García, Oscar

    2009-09-01

    Haplotype, allele frequencies and population data of 12 Y-chromosome STR loci DYS19, DYS385, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438 and DYS439 were determined from a sample of 128 unrelated male individuals from Honduras, Central America. A total of 112 haplotypes were identified by the 12 Y-STR loci of which 98 were unique. The haplotype diversity (98.99%) and the proportion of different haplotypes (87.50%) were estimated. Genetic distances were calculated between Honduras and other populations from Southern and Central America, Europe and Africa. The analysis of a Multi Dimensional Scaling (MDS) plot, based on pairwise R(ST) genetic distances, allowed to conclude that Honduras is highly differentiated from the African samples (0.343< or =R(ST)< or =0.620; P=0.000) and from a Native American sample from Argentina, Tobas (R(ST)=0.210, P=0.000). Honduras showed a lower genetic distance to the European cluster (composed by European and South American general population samples from Brazil, Argentina, Colombia and Venezuela) than to the Central American cluster (Mexico and El Salvador). PMID:19628418

  20. Mutation rate at 17 Y-STR loci in "Father/Son" pairs from moroccan population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laouina, Adil; Nadifi, Sellama; Boulouiz, Redouane; El Arji, Marzouk; Talbi, Jalal; El Houate, Brahim; Yahia, Hakima; Chbel, Faiza

    2013-09-01

    Precise knowledge of mutation rate at Y-STRs loci is essential for a correct evaluation of typing results in forensic casework and specially kinship genetic studies. In this study, we have examined 252 confirmed and unrelated father/son sample pairs from Moroccan population using the 17 Y-STR markers DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385a, DYS385b, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, and Y-GATA-H4 of the AmpFlSTR Yfiler™ kit used in routine casework. We observed a total of 15 single repeat mutations between fathers and sons as mutational events. Nine mutations resulted in the gain of a repeat in the son and six resulted in a loss of a repeat. The average mutation rate in the studied sample is 3.5×10(-3) (95% CI 2-5.8×10(-3)). Furthermore, Y-STRs mutation occurrence seems to be 4 times more frequent than autosomal STRs mutation in this sample. PMID:23623014

  1. A global analysis of Y-chromosomal haplotype diversity for 23 STR loci.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purps, Josephine; Siegert, Sabine; Willuweit, Sascha; Nagy, Marion; Alves, Cíntia; Salazar, Renato; Angustia, Sheila M T; Santos, Lorna H; Anslinger, Katja; Bayer, Birgit; Ayub, Qasim; Wei, Wei; Xue, Yali; Tyler-Smith, Chris; Bafalluy, Miriam Baeta; Martínez-Jarreta, Begoña; Egyed, Balazs; Balitzki, Beate; Tschumi, Sibylle; Ballard, David; Court, Denise Syndercombe; Barrantes, Xinia; Bäßler, Gerhard; Wiest, Tina; Berger, Burkhard; Niederstätter, Harald; Parson, Walther; Davis, Carey; Budowle, Bruce; Burri, Helen; Borer, Urs; Koller, Christoph; Carvalho, Elizeu F; Domingues, Patricia M; Chamoun, Wafaa Takash; Coble, Michael D; Hill, Carolyn R; Corach, Daniel; Caputo, Mariela; D'Amato, Maria E; Davison, Sean; Decorte, Ronny; Larmuseau, Maarten H D; Ottoni, Claudio; Rickards, Olga; Lu, Di; Jiang, Chengtao; Dobosz, Tadeusz; Jonkisz, Anna; Frank, William E; Furac, Ivana; Gehrig, Christian; Castella, Vincent; Grskovic, Branka; Haas, Cordula; Wobst, Jana; Hadzic, Gavrilo; Drobnic, Katja; Honda, Katsuya; Hou, Yiping; Zhou, Di; Li, Yan; Hu, Shengping; Chen, Shenglan; Immel, Uta-Dorothee; Lessig, Rüdiger; Jakovski, Zlatko; Ilievska, Tanja; Klann, Anja E; García, Cristina Cano; de Knijff, Peter; Kraaijenbrink, Thirsa; Kondili, Aikaterini; Miniati, Penelope; Vouropoulou, Maria; Kovacevic, Lejla; Marjanovic, Damir; Lindner, Iris; Mansour, Issam; Al-Azem, Mouayyad; Andari, Ansar El; Marino, Miguel; Furfuro, Sandra; Locarno, Laura; Martín, Pablo; Luque, Gracia M; Alonso, Antonio; Miranda, Luís Souto; Moreira, Helena; Mizuno, Natsuko; Iwashima, Yasuki; Neto, Rodrigo S Moura; Nogueira, Tatiana L S; Silva, Rosane; Nastainczyk-Wulf, Marina; Edelmann, Jeanett; Kohl, Michael; Nie, Shengjie; Wang, Xianping; Cheng, Baowen; Núñez, Carolina; Pancorbo, Marian Martínez de; Olofsson, Jill K; Morling, Niels; Onofri, Valerio; Tagliabracci, Adriano; Pamjav, Horolma; Volgyi, Antonia; Barany, Gusztav; Pawlowski, Ryszard; Maciejewska, Agnieszka; Pelotti, Susi; Pepinski, Witold; Abreu-Glowacka, Monica; Phillips, Christopher; Cárdenas, Jorge; Rey-Gonzalez, Danel; Salas, Antonio; Brisighelli, Francesca; Capelli, Cristian; Toscanini, Ulises; Piccinini, Andrea; Piglionica, Marilidia; Baldassarra, Stefania L; Ploski, Rafal; Konarzewska, Magdalena; Jastrzebska, Emila; Robino, Carlo; Sajantila, Antti; Palo, Jukka U; Guevara, Evelyn; Salvador, Jazelyn; Ungria, Maria Corazon De; Rodriguez, Jae Joseph Russell; Schmidt, Ulrike; Schlauderer, Nicola; Saukko, Pekka; Schneider, Peter M; Sirker, Miriam; Shin, Kyoung-Jin; Oh, Yu Na; Skitsa, Iulia; Ampati, Alexandra; Smith, Tobi-Gail; Calvit, Lina Solis de; Stenzl, Vlastimil; Capal, Thomas; Tillmar, Andreas; Nilsson, Helena; Turrina, Stefania; De Leo, Domenico; Verzeletti, Andrea; Cortellini, Venusia; Wetton, Jon H; Gwynne, Gareth M; Jobling, Mark A; Whittle, Martin R; Sumita, Denilce R; Wolańska-Nowak, Paulina; Yong, Rita Y Y; Krawczak, Michael; Nothnagel, Michael; Roewer, Lutz

    2014-09-01

    In a worldwide collaborative effort, 19,630 Y-chromosomes were sampled from 129 different populations in 51 countries. These chromosomes were typed for 23 short-tandem repeat (STR) loci (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385ab, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, GATAH4, DYS481, DYS533, DYS549, DYS570, DYS576, and DYS643) and using the PowerPlex Y23 System (PPY23, Promega Corporation, Madison, WI). Locus-specific allelic spectra of these markers were determined and a consistently high level of allelic diversity was observed. A considerable number of null, duplicate and off-ladder alleles were revealed. Standard single-locus and haplotype-based parameters were calculated and compared between subsets of Y-STR markers established for forensic casework. The PPY23 marker set provides substantially stronger discriminatory power than other available kits but at the same time reveals the same general patterns of population structure as other marker sets. A strong correlation was observed between the number of Y-STRs included in a marker set and some of the forensic parameters under study. Interestingly a weak but consistent trend toward smaller genetic distances resulting from larger numbers of markers became apparent. PMID:24854874

  2. Genetic data from Y chromosome STR and SNP loci in Ukrainian population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mielnik-Sikorska, Marta; Daca, Patrycja; Woźniak, Marcin; Malyarchuk, Boris A; Bednarek, Jarosław; Dobosz, Tadeusz; Grzybowski, Tomasz

    2013-01-01

    We have tested a sample of 154 unrelated males from Lviv region (Ukraine) for 11 Y-chromosomal single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and 17 Y-chromosomal STR loci (DYS19, DYS385a, DYS385b, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, YGATA_H4.1). Haplotype and haplogroup diversity values were calculated for the population under study. Genetic distances (R(ST)) to 9 other Slavic populations were calculated based on 12 Y-STR loci. Haplotype frequencies and MDS plots were constructed based on genetic distances. Haplogroup frequency patterns revealed in Ukraine are similar to those characteristic of other European populations. However, it also allowed for identification a specific genetic component in Ukrainian sample which seems to originate from areas dwelled by Western Slavs, i.e. subhaplogroup R1a1a7, at frequency of 13.65%. Analysis of R(ST) distances and AMOVA revealed high level of heterogeneity between Slavic populations inhabiting the south and north part of Europe, determined geographically rather than by linguistic factors. It has also been found a closer similarity (in the values of R(ST)) between Ukrainian and Slovak populations than between Ukrainians and other Slavic population samples. PMID:22673612

  3. Validation of the STR DXS7424 and the linkage situation on the X-chromosome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edelmann, Jeanett; Hering, Sandra; Kuhlisch, Eberhard; Szibor, Reinhard

    2002-02-18

    X-linked microsatellite markers have proven to be powerful tools for parentage testing, mainly in deficiency paternity cases when the disputed child is female. However, only a small number of X-linked short tandem repeats (STRs) have been comprehensively described for forensic applications to date. We present sequence and population genetic data of the DXS7424 STR (GDB-G00-577-633) which is a trinucleotide repeat polymorphism representing 12 alleles of 147-180 bp in length. DXS7424 is located at Xq22 and closely linked to DXS101, corresponding to a genetic localisation of 104.9-121 cM from Xp-tel.PCR fragment length measurements and sequencing were carried out using the automatic gene analyser ABI 310 (Applied Biosystems). The population of 764 unrelated Germans checked for this STR exhibited the following features: polymorphism information content (PIC) = 0.780; heterozygosity (Het) = 0.843; mean exclusion chance (MEC = 0.766. Kinship tests revealed a typical X-linked inheritance. In 300 meioses under investigation, mutations were not found. Significant deviations from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) were not established. Linkage studies confirmed closely linkage to DXS101. Additional we found linkage disequilibrium between DXS7424 and DXS101. This requires to use the established haplotype frequencies in kinship testing. PMID:11909667

  4. Strömgren survey for asteroseismology and galactic archaeology: Let the saga begin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Asteroseismology has the capability of precisely determining stellar properties that would otherwise be inaccessible, such as radii, masses, and thus ages of stars. When coupling this information with classical determinations of stellar parameters, such as metallicities, effective temperatures, and angular diameters, powerful new diagnostics for Galactic studies can be obtained. The ongoing Strömgren survey for Asteroseismology and Galactic Archaeology has the goal of transforming the Kepler field into a new benchmark for Galactic studies, similar to the solar neighborhood. Here we present the first results from a stripe centered at a Galactic longitude of 74° and covering latitude from about 8° to 20°, which includes almost 1000 K giants with seismic information and the benchmark open cluster NGC 6819. We describe the coupling of classical and seismic parameters, the accuracy as well as the caveats of the derived effective temperatures, metallicities, distances, surface gravities, masses, and radii. Confidence in the achieved precision is corroborated by the detection of the first and secondary clumps in a population of field stars with a ratio of 2 to 1 and by the negligible scatter in the seismic distances among NGC 6819 member stars. An assessment of the reliability of stellar parameters in the Kepler Input Catalog is also performed, and the impact of our results for population studies in the Milky Way is discussed, along with the importance of an all-sky Strömgren survey.

  5. A comparison of the effects of PCR inhibition in quantitative PCR and forensic STR analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funes-Huacca, Maribel E; Opel, Kerry; Thompson, Robyn; McCord, Bruce R

    2011-04-01

    In this paper we compare the effects of three representative PCR inhibitors using quantitative PCR (qPCR) and multiplex STR amplification in order to determine the effect of inhibitor concentration on allele dropout and to develop better ways to interpret forensic DNA data. We have used humic acid, collagen and calcium phosphate at different concentrations to evaluate the profiles of alleles inhibited in these amplifications. These data were correlated with previously obtained results from quantitative PCR including melt curve effects, efficiency changes and cycle threshold (Ct) values. Overall, the data show that there are two competing processes that result from PCR inhibition. The first process is a general loss of larger alleles. This appears to occur with all inhibitors. The second process is more sequence specific and occurs when the inhibitor binds DNA, altering the cycle threshold and the melt curve. This sequence-specific inhibition results in patterns of allele loss that occur in addition to the overall loss of larger alleles. The data demonstrate the applicability of utilizing real-time PCR results to predict the presence of certain types of PCR inhibition in STR analysis. PMID:21462225

  6. A global analysis of Y-chromosomal haplotype diversity for 23 STR loci

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purps, Josephine; Siegert, Sabine; Willuweit, Sascha; Nagy, Marion; Alves, Cíntia; Salazar, Renato; Angustia, Sheila M.T.; Santos, Lorna H.; Anslinger, Katja; Bayer, Birgit; Ayub, Qasim; Wei, Wei; Xue, Yali; Tyler-Smith, Chris; Bafalluy, Miriam Baeta; Martínez-Jarreta, Begoña; Egyed, Balazs; Balitzki, Beate; Tschumi, Sibylle; Ballard, David; Court, Denise Syndercombe; Barrantes, Xinia; Bäßler, Gerhard; Wiest, Tina; Berger, Burkhard; Niederstätter, Harald; Parson, Walther; Davis, Carey; Budowle, Bruce; Burri, Helen; Borer, Urs; Koller, Christoph; Carvalho, Elizeu F.; Domingues, Patricia M.; Chamoun, Wafaa Takash; Coble, Michael D.; Hill, Carolyn R.; Corach, Daniel; Caputo, Mariela; D’Amato, Maria E.; Davison, Sean; Decorte, Ronny; Larmuseau, Maarten H.D.; Ottoni, Claudio; Rickards, Olga; Lu, Di; Jiang, Chengtao; Dobosz, Tadeusz; Jonkisz, Anna; Frank, William E.; Furac, Ivana; Gehrig, Christian; Castella, Vincent; Grskovic, Branka; Haas, Cordula; Wobst, Jana; Hadzic, Gavrilo; Drobnic, Katja; Honda, Katsuya; Hou, Yiping; Zhou, Di; Li, Yan; Hu, Shengping; Chen, Shenglan; Immel, Uta-Dorothee; Lessig, Rüdiger; Jakovski, Zlatko; Ilievska, Tanja; Klann, Anja E.; García, Cristina Cano; de Knijff, Peter; Kraaijenbrink, Thirsa; Kondili, Aikaterini; Miniati, Penelope; Vouropoulou, Maria; Kovacevic, Lejla; Marjanovic, Damir; Lindner, Iris; Mansour, Issam; Al-Azem, Mouayyad; Andari, Ansar El; Marino, Miguel; Furfuro, Sandra; Locarno, Laura; Martín, Pablo; Luque, Gracia M.; Alonso, Antonio; Miranda, Luís Souto; Moreira, Helena; Mizuno, Natsuko; Iwashima, Yasuki; Neto, Rodrigo S. Moura; Nogueira, Tatiana L.S.; Silva, Rosane; Nastainczyk-Wulf, Marina; Edelmann, Jeanett; Kohl, Michael; Nie, Shengjie; Wang, Xianping; Cheng, Baowen; Núñez, Carolina; Pancorbo, Marian Martínez de; Olofsson, Jill K.; Morling, Niels; Onofri, Valerio; Tagliabracci, Adriano; Pamjav, Horolma; Volgyi, Antonia; Barany, Gusztav; Pawlowski, Ryszard; Maciejewska, Agnieszka; Pelotti, Susi; Pepinski, Witold; Abreu-Glowacka, Monica; Phillips, Christopher; Cárdenas, Jorge; Rey-Gonzalez, Danel; Salas, Antonio; Brisighelli, Francesca; Capelli, Cristian; Toscanini, Ulises; Piccinini, Andrea; Piglionica, Marilidia; Baldassarra, Stefania L.; Ploski, Rafal; Konarzewska, Magdalena; Jastrzebska, Emila; Robino, Carlo; Sajantila, Antti; Palo, Jukka U.; Guevara, Evelyn; Salvador, Jazelyn; Ungria, Maria Corazon De; Rodriguez, Jae Joseph Russell; Schmidt, Ulrike; Schlauderer, Nicola; Saukko, Pekka; Schneider, Peter M.; Sirker, Miriam; Shin, Kyoung-Jin; Oh, Yu Na; Skitsa, Iulia; Ampati, Alexandra; Smith, Tobi-Gail; Calvit, Lina Solis de; Stenzl, Vlastimil; Capal, Thomas; Tillmar, Andreas; Nilsson, Helena; Turrina, Stefania; De Leo, Domenico; Verzeletti, Andrea; Cortellini, Venusia; Wetton, Jon H.; Gwynne, Gareth M.; Jobling, Mark A.; Whittle, Martin R.; Sumita, Denilce R.; Wolańska-Nowak, Paulina; Yong, Rita Y.Y.; Krawczak, Michael; Nothnagel, Michael; Roewer, Lutz

    2014-01-01

    In a worldwide collaborative effort, 19,630 Y-chromosomes were sampled from 129 different populations in 51 countries. These chromosomes were typed for 23 short-tandem repeat (STR) loci (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385ab, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, GATAH4, DYS481, DYS533, DYS549, DYS570, DYS576, and DYS643) and using the PowerPlex Y23 System (PPY23, Promega Corporation, Madison, WI). Locus-specific allelic spectra of these markers were determined and a consistently high level of allelic diversity was observed. A considerable number of null, duplicate and off-ladder alleles were revealed. Standard single-locus and haplotype-based parameters were calculated and compared between subsets of Y-STR markers established for forensic casework. The PPY23 marker set provides substantially stronger discriminatory power than other available kits but at the same time reveals the same general patterns of population structure as other marker sets. A strong correlation was observed between the number of Y-STRs included in a marker set and some of the forensic parameters under study. Interestingly a weak but consistent trend toward smaller genetic distances resulting from larger numbers of markers became apparent. PMID:24854874

  7. Polimorfismos de 17 marcadores STR del cromosoma-Y en una muestra poblacional del altiplano cundiboyacense*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korina María Rojas

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La tipificación molecular de ADN de cromosoma-Y es una herramienta de reconocida importancia en el proceso de identificación de individuos de género masculino en diversos casos forenses. Actualmente es una herramienta de apoyo para los laboratorios de genética estatales en la identificación de víctimas del conflicto armado en Colombia, dentro de los procesos enmarcados en la Ley de Justicia y Paz. En este estudiose determina el haplotipo del cromosoma-Y que será comparado con parientes por línea paaterna de género masculino, con el fin de realizar el análisis estadístico de estos marcadores, aportar a una base de datos colombiana y comparar con parientes de la línea masculina. Objetivo: Realizar una caracterización de haplotipos mediante análisis de marcadores moleculares, STR del cromosoma-Y en una muestra de población del altiplano cundiboyacense colombiano. Metodología: De las muestras del «Programa de Banco de muestras de sangre de funcionarios de la Fiscalía General de la Nación (FGN» fueron seleccionadas aleatoriamente 74 muestras de individuos que no reportaron relación por línea paterna entre sí y cuyo origen geográfico por línea paterna dos generaciones atrás correspondía a los departamentos de Cundinamarca o Boyacá. Se amplificaron y tipificaron 17 polimorfismos de repeticiones en tandem en el cromosoma-Y, el que se aplicó el kit comercial AmpFiSTR®YFiler™ (DYS456, DYS389I, DYS390, DYS389II, DYS458, DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS393, DYS391, DYS439, DYS635, DYS392, Y-GATA-H4, DYS437, DYS438 y DYS448. Resultados: Distribución de frecuencias alélicas y haplotípicas para los 17 marcadores analizados: se determinaron 71 haplotipos con 17 marcadores STR-Y, de los que 68 eran únicos y 3 fueron observados en 2 individuos con un haplotipo compartido para los dos departamentos del altiplano cundiboyacense. La diversidad haplotípica para la muestra poblacional fue de 99.9% con un poder de discriminaci

  8. Polimorfismos de 17 marcadores STR del cromosoma-Y en una muestra poblacional del altiplano cundiboyacense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korina María Rojas

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La tipificación molecular de ADN de cromosoma-Y es una herramienta de reconocida importancia en el proceso de identificación de individuos de género masculino en diversos casos forenses. Actualmente es una herramienta de apoyo para los laboratorios de genética estatales en la identificación de víctimas del conflicto armado en Colombia, dentro de los procesos enmarcados en la Ley de Justicia y Paz. En este estudiose determina el haplotipo del cromosoma-Y que será comparado con parientes por línea paaterna de género masculino, con el fin de realizar el análisis estadístico de estos marcadores, aportar a una base de datos colombiana y comparar con parientes de la línea masculina.Objetivo: Realizar una caracterización de haplotipos mediante análisis de marcadores moleculares, STR del cromosoma-Y en una muestra de población del altiplano cundiboyacense colombiano.Metodología: De las muestras del «Programa de Banco de muestras de sangre de funcionarios de la Fiscalía General de la Nación (FGN» fueron seleccionadas aleatoriamente 74 muestras de individuos que no reportaron relación por línea paterna entre sí y cuyo origen geográfico por línea paterna dos generaciones atrás correspondía a los departamentos de Cundinamarca o Boyacá. Se amplificaron y tipificaron 17 polimorfismos de repeticiones en tandem en el cromosoma-Y, el que se aplicó el kit comercial AmpFiSTR®YFiler™ (DYS456, DYS389I, DYS390, DYS389II, DYS458, DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS393, DYS391, DYS439, DYS635, DYS392, Y-GATA-H4, DYS437, DYS438 y DYS448.Resultados: Distribución de frecuencias alélicas y haplotípicas para los 17 marcadores analizados: se determinaron 71 haplotipos con 17 marcadores STR-Y, de los que 68 eran únicos y 3 fueron observados en 2 individuos con un haplotipo compartido para los dos departamentos del altiplano cundiboyacense. La diversidad haplotípica para la muestra poblacional fue de 99.9% con un poder de discriminaci

  9. Menstrual cycle phase at the time of rape does not affect recovery of semen or amplification of STR profiles of a suspect in vaginal swabs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerdas, Loreley; Herrera, Fabiola; Arrieta, Glenn; Morelli, Concepción; Álvarez, Karla; Gómez, Aarón

    2016-02-01

    The effect of women menstrual cycle on the forensic analysis of rapes was studied in a random group of 170 victims aged among 10 and 51 years. Participants were grouped according to the day of the menstrual cycle in which they were at the moment of the assault. From each participant, samples of vaginal fluid were taken and analyzed for sperm cells, p30 protein, total human DNA and human male DNA. Moreover, amplification of suspect's autosomal STR and Y-STR was attempted. Suspects' autosomal STR profiles were obtained from 92 of the 101 samples in which spermatozoa were found; and Y-STR haplotype was obtained in 1 of the 9 samples where autosomal STR profiles of a male were not obtained. On the other hand, Y-STR haplotypes were obtained in 2 of the 21 samples negative for sperm cells but positive for p30 protein. Y-STR haplotypes were also obtained in 11 of the 48 samples negative for sperm cells and p30 protein. It was found that groups of participants did not differ on the recovery of sperm cells from the vaginal swabs, quantification of suspect's DNA or amplification of their STR profiles. It is concluded that the menstrual cycle phase at the moment of the sexual assault does not affect the main outcomes of the forensic investigation of rapes. PMID:26734988

  10. 圈C4的(St(r),St(r+1)Gr,St(r+1)-冠的优美性%On the gracefulness of the(St(r), St(r+1)Gr, St(r+1)- corona of the cycle C4

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康芳茂; 吴跃生

    2014-01-01

    给出了圈C4的(St(r), St(r+1)Gr, St(r+1)-冠的定义,讨论了圈C4的(St(r), St(r+1)Gr, St(r+1)-冠的优美性,用构造性的方法给出了圈C4的(St(r), St(r+1)Gr, St(r+1)-冠的优美标号。%Gave the definition of the (St (r ), St (r +1), Gr , St (r +1)) - corona of the cycle C4.Discussed the gracefulness of the (St (r ), St (r +1), Gr , St (r +1)) - corona of the cycleC4.The graceful labelings was given by the method of construction.

  11. Genetic polymorphisms of 26 Y-STR loci in the Mongolian minority from Horqin district, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Xiaoliang; Fu, Yong; Liu, Ying; Guo, Juanjuan; Liu, Yanfang; Guo, Yadong; Yan, Jie; Cai, Jifeng; Liu, Jinshan; Zha, Lagabaiyila

    2016-07-01

    To study the population data of Y chromosome STR (Y-STRs) of the Mongolian minority population residing in the Horqin district, we analyzed haplotypes of 26 Y-STRs (DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS481, DYS533, DYS549, DYS570, DYS576, DYS635, DYS643, DYS388, DYS449, DYS460, and YGATAH4) in 298 unrelated Chinese Mongolian individuals using the commercially available Goldeneye® DNA ID 26Y system. We also investigated blood stains, saliva spots, semen spots, hair follicles, fingernails, and sweat latent fingerprints from ten healthy males for testing the efficiency of direct amplification of this new Y-STRs system. The calculated average gene diversity values of the Mongolian population ranged from 0.3024 to 0.9510 for the DYS389I and DYS385a/b loci, respectively. The discriminatory capacity was 92.95 % with 277 observed haplotypes using 23 Y-STR loci (DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS481, DYS533, DYS549, DYS570, DYS576, DYS635, DYS643, and YGATAH4). By adding three more Y-STRs (DYS388, DYS449, and DYS460) to the 26Y system, the discriminatory capacity was increased to 94.63 % with a total of 282 observed haplotypes. Population relationships were calculated and compared with seven populations available from the Y chromosome haplotype reference database and data from ten Asian populations published previously. The Mongolian minority population residing in Horqin district is significantly different from other populations. Our results indicated that these 26 Y-STRs were highly genetically polymorphic in the Mongolian group and this contributes greatly to existing Chinese ethnic genetic information. As a result of direct amplification, we have obtained full profile from all blood stains, saliva spots, hair follicles, and fingernails; six semen spots; and one sweat latent fingerprint. It revealed

  12. Žena v politice: (ne)žádoucí. Olga Stránská-Absolonová

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Malínská, Jana

    Praha : Masarykův ústav a Archiv AV ČR, 2014 - (Bahenská, M.; Malínská, J.), s. 144-167 ISBN 978-80-87782-24-8 Institutional support: RVO:67985921 Keywords : Olga Stránská-Absolonová * The Czech women’s movement * Feminism Subject RIV: AB - History

  13. Genetic Polymorphism of Nine Non-CODIS STR Loci in Hu-nan Province-based Chinese Han Population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Juan-juan; LIU Ying; GUO Ya-dong; YAN Jie; CHANG Yun-feng; CAI Ji-feng; LU Ting; ZHA Lagabaiyila

    2014-01-01

    Objective To determine the allelic frequency distribution and genetic parameters of nine non-CODIS DNA index systems of the short tandemrepeat (STR ) loci (D2S1772, D6S1043, D7S3048, D8S1132, D11S2368, D12S391, D13S325, D18S1364, and GATA198B05). Methods A total of 353 blood samples were collected, extracted, amplified, and analyzed fromunrelated healthy individuals of Han na-tionality in Hunan Province, China. Results O ne hundred and fourteen alleles were observed in the pop-ulation with corresponding allelic frequencies ranged from0.001 0 to 0.323 0. For all the nine non-CODIS STR loci, the observed genotypic data showed no significant deviations fromthe Hardy-W einberg equi-librium. The Ho, He, PIC, D P, and PE of the studied non-CODIS STR loci ranged from0.108 0 to 0.195 0, 0.805 0 to 0.892 0, 0.770 0 to 0.860 0, 0.925 0 to 0.966 0 and 0.607 0 to 0.780 0, respectively. Conclusion N ine non-CODIS STR loci have high degrees of polymorphisms, which may be useful in in-dividual forensic identification and parentage testing in forensic practice.

  14. Genome-wide identification of transcriptional start sites in the plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato str. DC3000

    Science.gov (United States)

    RNA-Seq has provided valuable insights into global gene expression in a number of organisms. Using a modified RNA-Seq approach and Illumina’s high-throughput sequencing technology, we globally identified 5’-ends of transcripts for the plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato str. DC3000. A sub...

  15. Validation of the AmpFlSTR« SEfiler Plus(TM) PCR Amplification kit for forensic STR analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fredslund, Stine Frisk; Mogensen, Helle Smidt; Morling, Niels

    Validation of the AmpFlSTR« SEfiler Plus(TM) PCR Amplification kit with 29 and 30 PCR cycles for forensic STR analysis demonstrated that the kit had fewer artefacts than the AmpFlSTR« SGM Plus(TM) kit (28 PCR cycles). The SEfiler Plus kit was more sensitive and devoid of colour artefacts, but...

  16. High Diversity Y-STR Loci in Czech Population Sample – A Comparison with Extended Haplotype Loci

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Ehler, E.; Marván, Richard

    Prague: Czechoslovak Society for Forensic Genetics, 2008. P3. [ Forensic a 2008. 25.04.2008-26.04.2008, Prague] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : Y-STR * Czech population sample * DYS449 * DYS456 * DYS45 Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology

  17. Energioptimering för Recip Strängnäs AB

    OpenAIRE

    Lindholm, Tobias

    2008-01-01

    Recip Strängnäs AB är ett miljöcertifierat företag som framställer och förpackar penicillin produkter. Företaget måste göra vissa reparationer på ett av ventilationssystemen. De tar tillfället i akt att gå igenom energiomsättningen i helhet då åtgärder redan måste göras. På grund av det ökade oljepriset och mer fokus på miljön är det intressant att byta ut denna energikälla som används idag, vilket är ånga som produceras genom eldning av olja. Den energikälla som är tänkt att ersätta ångan är...

  18. Trådlös strömning av en ljudsignal till multipla mottagare

    OpenAIRE

    Sandberg, Johnny

    2013-01-01

    I detta examensarbete har det undersökts vilken teknik för trådlös kommunikation som passar bäst att användas då en ljudsignal ska strömmas trådlöst till multipla mottagare. De tekniker som jämfördes var Wi-Fi och Bluetooth. Andra tekniker för trådlös kommunikation, ZigBee, ANT+ och NFC, valdes bort för att deras maximala datahastighet eller räckvidd inte var tillräcklig. 3G och 4G valdes bort för att det krävs en licens för att få använda dessa. Som mottagare skulle i första hand Android- oc...

  19. Multiple stellar populations in the globular cluster M3 (NGC 5272): a Str\\"omgren perspective

    CERN Document Server

    Massari, Davide; Bragaglia, Angela; Dalessandro, Emanuele; Ramos, Rodrigo Contreras; Amigo, Pia

    2016-01-01

    We present Str\\"omgren photometry of the Galactic Globular Cluster M3 to study its multiple generations phenomenon. The use of different colour-magnitude diagrams and especially of the notoriously efficient c_y index allowed us to detect a double Red Giant Branch in the cluster CMD. After decontamination from fore- and background sources, the two sequences turned out to be equally populated. The two components also show a bimodal radial distribution well corresponding to that predicted by numerical simulations for clusters living in an intermediate dynamical evolutive state and with a population with modified chemical composition that was born more centrally concentrated than the primordial. The analysis of high-resolution spectra quantitatively demonstrates that the two detected sequences correspond to the first (Na-poor) generation and the second (Na-rich) generation, thus confirming the importance of synergy between photometry and spectroscopy.

  20. Identifying contributors of DNA mixtures by means of quantitative information of STR typing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tvedebrink, Torben; Eriksen, Poul Svante; Mogensen, Helle Smidt;

    2012-01-01

    biological stain. This article presents a method for including the quantitative information of short tandem repeat (STR) DNA mixtures in the LR. Also, an efficient algorithmic method for finding the best matching combination of DNA mixture profiles is derived and implemented in an on-line tool for two- and...... three-person DNA mixtures. Finally, we demonstrate for two-person mixtures how this best matching pair of profiles can be used in estimating the likelihood ratio using importance sampling. The reason for using importance sampling for estimating the likelihood ratio is the often vast number of...... combinations of profiles needed for the evaluation of the weight of evidence. Online tool is available at http://people.math.aau.dk/~tvede/dna/ ....

  1. Genetic polymorphism of 17 Y-STR loci in Han Chinese living in Lanzhou.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Hong-bing; Yang, Xin; Ha, Fei; Zhang, Zi-long

    2013-12-01

    The genetic polymorphism across 17 Y-STR loci in a population of Han Chinese in Lanzhou was investigated. Haplotypes and allele frequencies for the 17 Y-chromosomal STRs loci DYS456, DYS389I, DYS390, DYS389II, DYS458, DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS393, DYS391, DYS439, DYS635, DYS392, Y GATA H4, DYS437, DYS438 and DYS448 were determined in 500 healthy unrelated autochthonous males from Lanzhou. The results showed that no shared haplotypes were observed. Gene diversity values ranged from 0.3987 (DYS391) to 0.9740 (DYS385a,b). It was concluded that these loci will be very useful for human identification in forensic cases and paternity tests within the Han Chinese population inhabiting Lanzhou. PMID:24337856

  2. Oligomerisation of C. elegans Olfactory Receptors, ODR-10 and STR-112, in Yeast

    KAUST Repository

    Tehseen, Muhammad

    2014-09-25

    It is widely accepted that vertebrate G-Protein Coupled Receptors (GPCRs) associate with each other as homo- or hetero-dimers or higher-order oligomers. The C. elegans genome encodes hundreds of olfactory GPCRs, which may be expressed in fewer than a dozen chemosensory neurons, suggesting an opportunity for oligomerisation. Here we show, using three independent lines of evidence: co-immunoprecipitation, bioluminescence resonance energy transfer and a yeast two-hybrid assay that nematode olfactory receptors (ORs) oligomerise when heterologously expressed in yeast. Specifically, the nematode receptor ODR-10 is able to homo-oligomerise and can also form heteromers with the related nematode receptor STR-112. ODR-10 also oligomerised with the rat I7 OR but did not oligomerise with the human somatostatin receptor 5, a neuropeptide receptor. In this study, the question of functional relevance was not addressed and remains to be investigated.

  3. Impact of a chromosome X STR Decaplex in deficiency paternity cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trindade-Filho, Aluisio; Ferreira, Samuel; Oliveira, Silviene F.

    2013-01-01

    Deficiency paternity cases, characterized by the absence of the alleged father, are a challenge for forensic genetics. Here we present four cases with a female child and a deceased alleged father in which the analysis of a set of 21 or 22 autosomal STRs (AS STRs) produced results within a range of doubt when genotyping relatives of the alleged father. Aiming to increase the Paternity Index (PI) and obtain more reliable results, a set of 10 X-linked STR markers, developed by the Spanish and Portuguese Group of the International Society for Forensic Genetics (ISFG), was then added. Statistical analysis substantially shifted the results towards the alleged fatherhood in all four cases, with more dramatic changes when the supposed half-sister and respective mother were the relatives tested. PMID:24385853

  4. Haplotype diversity of 17 Y-str loci in an admixed population from the Brazilian Amazon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francez, Pablo Abdon da Costa; Ramos, Luiz Patrick Vidal; de Jesus Brabo Ferreira Palha, Teresinha; dos Santos, Sidney Emanuel Batista

    2012-01-01

    The allelic and haplotype frequencies of 17 Y-STR loci most commonly used in forensic testing were estimated in a sample of 138 unrelated healthy males from Macapá, in the northern Amazon region of Brazil. The average gene diversity was 0.6554 ± 0.3315. 134 haplotypes of the 17 loci were observed, 130 of them unique and four present in two individuals each. The haplotype diversity index was 0.9996 + 0.0009, with the most frequent haplogroups being R1b (52.2%), E1b1b (11.6%), J2 (10.1%) and Q (7.2%). Most haplogroups of this population belonged to European male lineages (89.2%), followed by Amerindian (7.2%) and African (3.6%) lineages. PMID:22481873

  5. Overview of European population clustering based on 23 Y-STR loci

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dogan Serkan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Short tandem repeats (STRs located on the Y-chromosome are a useful tool for various scientific fields, such as forensic investigation, but also for the investigation of population structure and molecular history. In this study, population data based on 23 Y-STR loci (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385a/b, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, GATAH4, DYS481, DYS533, DYS549, DYS570, DYS576, and DYS643 from 23 European human populations were compared. All haplotype data for this research were gathered from previously published articles. Arlequin v3.5.1.2, POPTREE2, and MEGA 5.1 software packages were used for the calculation of allelic frequencies and genetic distance, and the construction of the European, as well as worldwide phylogenetic trees. Obtained results indicate a formation of several distinct sub-clusters within European population cluster. Observed sub-clusters were mostly recognized within geographically closer populations, meaning that neighboring populations were a part of the same sub-cluster in most of the cases. Compared with the previously published results obtained using autosomal STR markers, a significant level of concordance was detected. However, it seems that Y-STRs analyzed in this study are more informative since they enabled regional clustering in addition to continental clustering. Also, the use of a larger number of loci yielded clustering that is more specific than what has been calculated to date. Finally, it can be concluded that this study has shown that the application of a larger number of loci enables the more detailed insight into the relationships between European populations, compared to what has been published before.

  6. Analysis of 22 Y chromosomal STR haplotypes and Y haplogroup distribution in Pathans of Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Eun Young; Shin, Kyoung-Jin; Rakha, Allah; Sim, Jeong Eun; Park, Myung Jin; Kim, Na Young; Yang, Woo Ick; Lee, Hwan Young

    2014-07-01

    We analyzed haplotypes for 22 Y chromosomal STRs (Y-STRs), including 17 Yfiler loci (DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS389I/II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DY438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635 and Y-GATA-H4) and five additional STRs (DYS388, DYS446, DYS447, DYS449 and DYS464), and Y chromosomal haplogroup distribution in 270 unrelated individuals from the Pathans residing in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas and the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan using in-house multiplex PCR systems. Each Y-STR showed diversities ranging from 0.2506 to 0.8538, and the discriminatory capacity (DC) was 73.7% with 199 observed haplotypes using 17 Yfiler loci. By the addition of 5 Y-STRs to the Yfiler system, the DC was increased to 85.2% while showing 230 observed haplotypes. Among the additional 5 Y-STRs, DYS446, DYS447 and DYS449 were major contributors to enhancing discrimination. In the analysis of molecular variance, the Pathans of this study showed significant differences from other Pathan populations as well as neighboring population sets. In Y-SNP analysis, a total of 12 Y chromosomal haplogroups were observed and the most frequent haplogroup was R1a1a with 49.3% frequency. To obtain insights on the origin of Pathans, the network analysis was performed for the haplogroups G and Q observed from the Pathans and the Jewish population groups including Ashkenazim and Sephardim, but little support for a Jewish origin could be found. In the present study, we report Y-STR population data in Pathans of Pakistan, and we emphasize the need for adding additional markers to the commonly used 17 Yfiler loci to achieve more improved discriminatory capacity in a population with low genetic diversity. PMID:24709582

  7. Identification of population substructure among Jews using STR markers and dependence on reference populations included

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mutirangura Apiwat

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Detecting population substructure is a critical issue for association studies of health behaviors and other traits. Whether inherent in the population or an artifact of marker choice, determining aspects of a population's genetic history as potential sources of substructure can aid in design of future genetic studies. Jewish populations, among which association studies are often conducted, have a known history of migrations. As a necessary step in understanding population structure to conduct valid association studies of health behaviors among Israeli Jews, we investigated genetic signatures of this history and quantified substructure to facilitate future investigations of these phenotypes in this population. Results Using 32 autosomal STR markers and the program STRUCTURE, we differentiated between Ashkenazi (AJ, N = 135 and non-Ashkenazi (NAJ, N = 226 Jewish populations in the form of Northern and Southern geographic genetic components (AJ north 73%, south 23%, NAJ north 33%, south 60%. The ability to detect substructure within these closely related populations using a small STR panel was contingent on including additional samples representing major continental populations in the analyses. Conclusions Although clustering programs such as STRUCTURE are designed to assign proportions of ancestry to individuals without reference population information, when Jewish samples were analyzed in the absence of proxy parental populations, substructure within Jews was not detected. Generally, for samples with a given grandparental country of birth, STRUCTURE assignment values to Northern, Southern, African and Asian clusters agreed with mitochondrial DNA and Y-chromosomal data from previous studies as well as historical records of migration and intermarriage.

  8. Authentication of newly established human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cell line (YM-1) using short tandem repeat (STR) profiling method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayyoob, Khosravi; Masoud, Khoshnia; Vahideh, Kazeminejad; Jahanbakhsh, Asadi

    2016-03-01

    Cross-contamination during or early after establishment of a new cell line could result in the worldwide spread of a misidentified cell line. Therefore, newly established cell lines need to be authenticated by a reference standard method. This study was conducted to investigate the authenticity of a newly established epithelial cell line of human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) called YM-1 using short tandem repeat (STR) DNA profiling method. Primary human ESCC epithelial cells were cultured from the fresh tumor tissue of an adult female patient. Growth characteristics and epithelial originality of YM-1 cells were studied. Genomic DNA was isolated from YM-1 cells harvested at passage 22 and ESCC donor tumor sample on two different days to prevent probable DNA contamination. STR profiling was performed using AmpFℓSTR® Identifiler® Plus PCR Amplification Kit. To address whether YM-1 cells undergo genetic alteration as the passage number increases, STR profiling was performed again on harvested cells at passage 51. YM-1 cells grew as a monolayer with a population doubling time of 40.66 h. Epithelial originality of YM-1 cells was confirmed using ICC/IF staining of cytokeratins AE1/AE3. The STR profile of the ESCC donor tumor sample was the same with YM-1 cells at passage 22. However, STR profile of the donor tumor sample showed an off-ladder (OL) allele in their D7S820 locus. Also, re-profiling of YM-1 cells at passage 51 showed a loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at D18S51 locus. This suggests that long-term culture of cell lines may alter their DNA profile. Comparison of the DNA fingerprinting results in DSMZ, and ATCC STR profiling databases confirmed unique identity of YM-1 cell line. This study provides an easy, fast, and reliable procedure for authentication of newly established cell lines, which helps in preventing the spread of misidentified cells and improving the reproducibility and validity of experiments, consequently. PMID:26432330

  9. Population genetics of 17 Y-STR markers in Turkish Cypriots from Cyprus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teralı, K; Zorlu, T; Bulbul, O; Gurkan, C

    2014-05-01

    We analyzed seventeen Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (STRs) [DYS456, DYS389I, DYS390, DYS389II, DYS458, DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS393, DYS391, DYS439, DYS635, DYS392, Y-GATA-H4, DYS437, DYS438, and DYS448] in 253 unrelated, male individuals from the Turkish Cypriot population of the Eastern Mediterranean island of Cyprus. While 206 out of the 253 haplotypes present in the dataset were unique, there are also 22 haplotypes that were observed in two individuals each, and 1 haplotype that was observed in three individuals. While no locus duplications or null alleles were observed in our dataset, we have detected 43 allelic variants in total, the majority of which (25 out of 253 haplotypes or 9.88%) comprised of .2 intermediate variants at the DYS458 locus (alleles 16.2, 17.2, 18.2, 19.2, and 20.2). For the 229 different haplotypes observed in the Turkish Cypriot dataset, the calculated discrimination capacity (DC) was 0.9051 and the haplotype diversity (HD) was 0.9992. The calculated average gene diversity (GD) values ranged from 0.3828 to 0.9631 for the DYS392 and DYS385a/b loci, respectively. Pairwise genetic distance comparisons of the Turkish Cypriot Y-STR dataset with those from the neighbouring (Turkey, Greece, Israel/Palestinian Authority area, Egypt and Italy) and relatively distant (Lithuania, Taiwan and Australia) countries through the use of analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) and multi-dimensional scaling (MDS) analyses confirmed that our data do not deviate significantly from the typical core haplotypes of the Eastern Mediterranean region. The Turkish Cypriot Y-STR haplotype dataset will find an immediate use in the Committee on Missing Persons in Cyprus Project on the "Exhumation, Identification and Return of Remains of Missing Persons" and it is also expected to contribute to the establishment of forensic genetic services in North Cyprus. PMID:24507085

  10. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); AMSM, SWA; Long: -171.09092, Lat: -11.05855 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 14.00m; Data Range: 20060211-20080116.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  11. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, MAI; Long: -156.64297, Lat: 21.01736 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 12.19m; Data Range: 20081023-20101018.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  12. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, MAI; Long: -156.42031, Lat: 20.59198 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 14.90m; Data Range: 20060805-20071009.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  13. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, MAI; Long: -156.58448, Lat: 20.79079 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 11.89m; Data Range: 20081024-20100326.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  14. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, MAI; Long: -156.42031, Lat: 20.59198 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 14.90m; Data Range: 20071009-20081018.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  15. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, MAI; Long: -156.15120, Lat: 20.86456 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 14.63m; Data Range: 20081018-20101016.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  16. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, MAI; Long: -156.42033, Lat: 20.59195 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 14.63m; Data Range: 20081018-20101020.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  17. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, MAI; Long: -156.49718, Lat: 20.63030 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 11.58m; Data Range: 20050807-20101017.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  18. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, MAI; Long: -156.58458, Lat: 20.79070 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 14.60m; Data Range: 20050806-20070402.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  19. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, PAL; Long: -162.06183, Lat: 05.88278 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 4.26m; Data Range: 20060324-20080330.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  20. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, LAN; Long: -156.83701, Lat: 20.87187 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 13.10m; Data Range: 20060805-20081019.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  1. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); AMSM, OFU; Long: -169.65265, Lat: -14.17770 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 1.22m; Data Range: 20080228-20100311.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  2. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); CNMI, FDP; Long: 144.89860, Lat: 20.53790 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 11.28m; Data Range: 20070603-20090427.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  3. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, JAR; Long: -159.99110, Lat: -00.36323 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 9.80m; Data Range: 20040328-20060320.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  4. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); AMSM, SWA; Long: -171.06473, Lat: -11.05254 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 15.24m; Data Range: 20080316-20100317.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  5. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, PAL; Long: -162.08592, Lat: 05.88624 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 3.70m; Data Range: 20040402-20060325.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  6. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); CNMI, FDP; Long: 144.88580, Lat: 20.54513 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 12.50m; Data Range: 20070603-20070826.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  7. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); CNMI, TIN; Long: 145.62162, Lat: 15.08075 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 12.80m; Data Range: 20070519-20090412.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  8. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, LIS; Long: -173.99799, Lat: 26.10010 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 22.56m; Data Range: 20081004-20090929.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  9. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, LIS; Long: -173.88422, Lat: 25.94284 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 20.42m; Data Range: 20060927-20081004.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  10. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, KUR; Long: -178.30621, Lat: 28.44759 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 0.91m; Data Range: 20080929-20100918.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  11. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); CNMI, PAG; Long: 145.75748, Lat: 18.12728 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 5.79m; Data Range: 20070605-20080513.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  12. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, FFS; Long: -166.27505, Lat: 23.85625 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 7.62m; Data Range: 20070924-20080915.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  13. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, PAL; Long: -162.04044, Lat: 05.87450 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 5.18m; Data Range: 20080402-20100409.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  14. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, LIS; Long: -173.88414, Lat: 25.94299 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 21.34m; Data Range: 20081004-20100922.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  15. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, MAR; Long: -170.63378, Lat: 25.44642 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 8.23m; Data Range: 20060907-20080918.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  16. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, HAW; Long: -155.68428, Lat: 18.92253 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 12.80m; Data Range: 20060803-20081101.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  17. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, FFS; Long: -166.17377, Lat: 23.64515 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 1.83m; Data Range: 20080915-20100910.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  18. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); AMSM, OFU; Long: -169.65947, Lat: -14.18290 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 1.50m; Data Range: 20040825-20060505.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  19. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, KAU; Long: -159.29895, Lat: 22.16533 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 14.94m; Data Range: 20050715-20060808.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  20. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, JAR; Long: -159.97228, Lat: -00.37500 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 30.70m; Data Range: 20060320-20080328.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  1. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); AMSM, OFU; Long: -169.65219, Lat: -14.18017 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 6.10m; Data Range: 20080228-20100311.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  2. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, HAW; Long: -155.90353, Lat: 20.19118 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 9.70m; Data Range: 20060803-20081026.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  3. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, MID; Long: -177.32334, Lat: 28.24437 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 0.50m; Data Range: 20030729-20041001.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  4. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); AMSM, ROS; Long: -168.15720, Lat: -14.53294 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 14.90m; Data Range: 20080312-20100304.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  5. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); CNMI, SAI; Long: 145.72256, Lat: 15.23749 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 5.49m; Data Range: 20070521-20090414.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  6. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, NEC; Long: -164.69775, Lat: 23.57152 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 17.07m; Data Range: 20050414-20060904.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  7. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, PHR; Long: -175.86506, Lat: 27.94428 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 35.66m; Data Range: 20080923-20100915.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  8. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, GAR; Long: -167.99952, Lat: 24.99883 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 10.40m; Data Range: 20030719-20040919.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  9. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); CNMI, SAR; Long: 145.76892, Lat: 16.71057 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 1.00m; Data Range: 20030824-20050918.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  10. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, KUR; Long: -178.32575, Lat: 28.38175 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 12.50m; Data Range: 20090915-20100519.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  11. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, JOH; Long: -169.55502, Lat: 16.71490 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 3.04m; Data Range: 20060121-20080127.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  12. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, LIS; Long: -173.99440, Lat: 25.98698 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 14.33m; Data Range: 20060928-20081005.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  13. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); CNMI, GUA; Long: 144.70392, Lat: 13.24217 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 4.88m; Data Range: 20070515-20070910.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  14. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, KUR; Long: -178.36841, Lat: 28.42923 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 1.22m; Data Range: 20060918-20080930.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  15. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, PHR; Long: -175.73108, Lat: 27.86608 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 21.95m; Data Range: 20070809-20080924.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  16. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, PHR; Long: -175.86350, Lat: 27.94233 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 24.38m; Data Range: 20070806-20080923.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  17. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, PHR; Long: -175.83137, Lat: 27.89797 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 0.91m; Data Range: 20080924-20100916.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  18. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, JAR; Long: -160.00822, Lat: -00.36895 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 32.00m; Data Range: 20080328-20100401.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  19. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); AMSM, ROS; Long: -168.16016, Lat: -14.55127 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 3.40m; Data Range: 20080312-20090714.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  20. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, BAK; Long: -176.48881, Lat: 00.19171 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 16.80m; Data Range: 20040124-20050627.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  1. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, MOL; Long: -157.26707, Lat: 21.08087 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 18.90m; Data Range: 20050802-20060729.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  2. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, JOH; Long: -169.48513, Lat: 16.74080 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 2.10m; Data Range: 20040116-20060120.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  3. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); AMSM, ROS; Long: -168.16025, Lat: -14.55134 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 9.14m; Data Range: 20060308-20080312.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  4. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, PHR; Long: -175.83968, Lat: 27.78481 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 23.16m; Data Range: 20070806-20081002.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  5. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, LIS; Long: -173.99792, Lat: 26.10018 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 23.16m; Data Range: 20060926-20081004.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  6. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, PHR; Long: -175.88112, Lat: 27.78202 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 23.16m; Data Range: 20060913-20060922.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  7. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, PHR; Long: -175.88105, Lat: 27.78206 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 23.16m; Data Range: 20070805-20080923.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  8. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, FFS; Long: -166.18559, Lat: 23.63498 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 23.16m; Data Range: 20061001-20071001.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  9. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, PHR; Long: -175.88112, Lat: 27.78204 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 23.16m; Data Range: 20060913-20070805.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  10. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, PHR; Long: -175.88098, Lat: 27.78213 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 23.16m; Data Range: 20040929-20060913.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  11. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, BAK; Long: -176.47474, Lat: 00.18797 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 2.40m; Data Range: 20040124-20040728.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  12. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, WAK; Long: 166.65155, Lat: 19.30632 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 25.30m; Data Range: 20070505-20081003.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  13. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, OAH; Long: -158.13685, Lat: 21.35464 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 17.98m; Data Range: 20080514-20090206.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  14. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, KUR; Long: -178.30608, Lat: 28.44740 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 0.80m; Data Range: 20020928-20030802.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  15. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, FFS; Long: -166.26134, Lat: 23.76895 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 4.57m; Data Range: 20080915-20100908.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  16. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, HOW; Long: -176.62172, Lat: 00.80645 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 18.89m; Data Range: 20060128-20080205.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  17. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, JAR; Long: -159.97450, Lat: -00.37545 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 12.20m; Data Range: 20040328-20060320.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  18. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, JAR; Long: -159.97426, Lat: -00.37555 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 12.80m; Data Range: 20080327-20100403.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  19. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, BAK; Long: -176.48847, Lat: 00.19165 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 4.57m; Data Range: 20060131-20080209.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  20. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, BAK; Long: -176.48875, Lat: 00.19178 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 17.37m; Data Range: 20080209-20100207.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  1. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); CNMI, TIN; Long: 145.65072, Lat: 15.03548 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 6.71m; Data Range: 20070519-20070905.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  2. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, PHR; Long: -175.89442, Lat: 27.91187 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 2.74m; Data Range: 20080924-20100916.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  3. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, LAN; Long: -156.96869, Lat: 20.73729 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 8.23m; Data Range: 20050804-20060806.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  4. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, JAR; Long: -159.99668, Lat: -00.38185 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 10.30m; Data Range: 20060321-20080112.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  5. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, LEH; Long: -160.09705, Lat: 22.01453 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 6.40m; Data Range: 20081109-20101028.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  6. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); CNMI, PAG; Long: 145.76486, Lat: 18.09636 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 14.63m; Data Range: 20070606-20081006.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  7. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, JOH; Long: -169.49963, Lat: 16.75956 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 7.92m; Data Range: 20060120-20070618.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  8. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, JAR; Long: -159.99661, Lat: -00.38210 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 32.61m; Data Range: 20080327-20100403.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  9. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); CNMI, PAG; Long: 145.76786, Lat: 18.10298 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 1.21m; Data Range: 20070606-20081103.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  10. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); AMSM, SWA; Long: -171.09121, Lat: -11.05861 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 28.96m; Data Range: 20080316-20090702.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  11. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, FFS; Long: -166.17967, Lat: 23.63883 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 11.28m; Data Range: 20060906-20070930.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  12. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); CNMI, MAU; Long: 145.23207, Lat: 20.02910 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 8.84m; Data Range: 20050913-20070530.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  13. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, MAI; Long: -156.15112, Lat: 20.86452 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 14.63m; Data Range: 20060819-20080918.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  14. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); AMSM, TUT; Long: -170.62375, Lat: -14.25194 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 5.80m; Data Range: 20040220-20051111.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  15. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, WAK; Long: 166.60453, Lat: 19.30868 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 1.52m; Data Range: 20051021-20070430.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  16. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, MID; Long: -177.38602, Lat: 28.27105 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 1.52m; Data Range: 20041010-20060915.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  17. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); AMSM, SWA; Long: -171.09085, Lat: -11.05856 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 6.71m; Data Range: 20080318-20080605.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  18. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); CNMI, SAI; Long: 145.81572, Lat: 15.25862 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 16.46m; Data Range: 20070520-20090418.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  19. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, MOL; Long: -157.25234, Lat: 21.20304 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 10.30m; Data Range: 20060730-20081024.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  20. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, MOL; Long: -157.26707, Lat: 21.08087 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 19.50m; Data Range: 20060730-20081025.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  1. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, MOL; Long: -157.26699, Lat: 21.08091 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 20.12m; Data Range: 20081025-20101023.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  2. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, MOL; Long: -157.25234, Lat: 21.20304 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 10.36m; Data Range: 20050801-20060730.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  3. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, OAH; Long: -158.23436, Lat: 21.53197 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 19.20m; Data Range: 20090902-20100715.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  4. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, HAW; Long: -155.50222, Lat: 19.13291 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 14.90m; Data Range: 20060816-20081031.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  5. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, KIN; Long: -162.38440, Lat: 06.38252 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 6.40m; Data Range: 20060330-20080404.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  6. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, KIN; Long: -162.34216, Lat: 06.39241 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 6.71m; Data Range: 20080405-20100414.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  7. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, KIN; Long: -162.38524, Lat: 06.40218 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 10.06m; Data Range: 20080405-20100414.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  8. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, KIN; Long: -162.37740, Lat: 06.38552 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 3.35m; Data Range: 20060330-20080404.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  9. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, KIN; Long: -162.35929, Lat: 06.38268 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 6.40m; Data Range: 20080404-20100414.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  10. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, KIN; Long: -162.38180, Lat: 06.42888 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 5.18m; Data Range: 20080407-20100415.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  11. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); AMSM, ROS; Long: -168.16885, Lat: -14.54882 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 31.09m; Data Range: 20060308-20080312.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  12. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, PHR; Long: -175.92635, Lat: 27.75970 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 22.25m; Data Range: 20070805-20081002.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  13. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); CNMI, ASC; Long: 145.38974, Lat: 19.69340 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 3.65m; Data Range: 20070604-20090425.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  14. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); MHI, MOL; Long: -157.25236, Lat: 21.20307 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 10.36m; Data Range: 20081024-20101023.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  15. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, KUR; Long: -178.36842, Lat: 28.42927 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 0.60m; Data Range: 20030805-20041006.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  16. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, WAK; Long: 166.59801, Lat: 19.31633 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 24.08m; Data Range: 20051023-20070430.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  17. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, MID; Long: -177.36784, Lat: 28.27764 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 1.22m; Data Range: 20060915-20080925.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  18. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, PHR; Long: -175.89428, Lat: 27.91178 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 2.40m; Data Range: 20030730-20040930.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  19. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); CNMI, AGR; Long: 145.63821, Lat: 18.76660 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 1.80m; Data Range: 20050915-20070527.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  20. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, PAL; Long: -162.08588, Lat: 05.88625 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 3.30m; Data Range: 20060325-20071115.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  1. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, KUR; Long: -178.28268, Lat: 28.39066 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 19.20m; Data Range: 20060918-20080111.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  2. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, FFS; Long: -166.26132, Lat: 23.76897 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 3.96m; Data Range: 20040917-20060905.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  3. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, KUR; Long: -178.36845, Lat: 28.42927 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 0.61m; Data Range: 20041008-20060917.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  4. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, LAY; Long: -171.72941, Lat: 25.75893 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 0.91m; Data Range: 20040924-20060730.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  5. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); CNMI, SAR; Long: 145.76794, Lat: 16.71069 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 5.79m; Data Range: 20070525-20080119.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  6. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, PHR; Long: -175.78082, Lat: 27.95765 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 0.61m; Data Range: 20040928-20051206.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  7. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); PRIA, JOH; Long: -169.54662, Lat: 16.73270 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 1.21m; Data Range: 20060122-20080127.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  8. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, MID; Long: -177.36784, Lat: 28.27763 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 0.30m; Data Range: 20030729-20041001.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  9. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); AMSM, TAU; Long: -169.41906, Lat: -14.23544 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 10.97m; Data Range: 20060303-20080302.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  10. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); NWHI, MID; Long: -177.40177, Lat: 28.19357 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 1.22m; Data Range: 20060915-20080926.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  11. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); CNMI, ZEA; Long: 145.85335, Lat: 16.89749 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 24.68m; Data Range: 20070526-20090505.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  12. Second-generation sequencing of forensic STRs using the Ion Torrent™ HID STR 10-plex and the Ion PGM™

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fordyce, Sarah L; Mogensen, Helle Smidt; Børsting, Claus;

    2015-01-01

    ; (2) analysis of sensitivity; (3) typing of mixtures; and (4) typing of biological crime case samples. Full profiles and concordant results between replicate SGS runs and CE-typing were observed for all control samples. Full profiles were seen with DNA input down to 50pg, with the exception of a......Second-generation sequencing (SGS) using Roche/454 and Illumina platforms has proved capable of sequencing the majority of the key forensic genetic STR systems. Given that Roche has announced that the 454 platforms will no longer be supported from 2015, focus should now be shifted to competing SGS...... platforms, such as the MiSeq (Illumina) and the Ion Personal Genome Machine (Ion PGM™; Thermo Fisher). There are currently several challenges faced with amplicon-based SGS STR typing in forensic genetics, including current lengths of amplicons for CE-typing and lack of uniform data analysis between...

  13. Účast D. Stránské na Soupisovém výzkumu NSČ

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Motyčková, Dana

    15[57]-16[58], - (1999), s. 99-102. ISSN 1211-8117. [Lidová kultura 20. století, její výzkum, dokumentace a prezentace. Věnováno 100. výročí narození doc. dr. Drahomíry Stránské. Rožnov pod Radhoštěm, 08.09.1999] Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  14. Successful DNA Profiling for Identification of burnt Families from their bones using AmpFℓSTR Identifiler® Plus Kit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhamamd Shahzad

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: DNA profiling plays a vital role in the identification of dead bodies during mass disasters. Severe fragmentation, decomposition, burning and intermixing of the remains can occur in the mass disasters. DNA analysis faces many challenges especially when the dead bodies are completely decomposed or burnt. This report presents the identification of 32 completely burnt individuals including three families from their remains in a bus using AmpFlSTR Identifiler Plus® Kit and AmpFlSTR Y-filer® Kit. Methods: DNA was extracted from provided remains of burnt bodies and reference samples by organic extraction procedure. The extracted quantity of DNA was calculated on ABI SDS7500 real time PCR with Quantifiler® Human DNA Quantification Kit (Applied Biosystems. DNA samples of 32 completely burnt individuals including three families were amplified using AmpFlSTR Identifiler Plus® Kit and AmpFlSTR Y-filer® Kit. The genotyping of these amplified samples was performed on ABI 3130xl Genetic Analyzer. Results: The resulting data obtained from Genetic Analyzer was analyzed using GeneMapper ID software version 3.2 (Applied Biosystems. Seventeen burnt individuals including 3 burnt families were identified with the help of 16 autosomal STRs and 6 were identified through Y-STR analysis by allele sharing of their provided reference samples of parents and brothers respectively. Conclusion: For the identification of unknown individuals particularly burnt deceased victims, STR analysis has become the gold standard in forensic science. Successful DNA profiling through the amplification of STR markers of AmpFlSTR Identifiler Plus® Kit proved to be very helpful in identifying the remains of burnt individuals even in the presence of inhibition observed in the Real Time PCR.

  15. Successful DNA Profiling for Identification of burnt Families from their bones using AmpFℓSTR Identifiler® Plus Kit

    OpenAIRE

    Muhamamd Shahzad; Muhammad Shafique; Manzoor Hussain; Muhammad Adnan Shan; Rukhsana Perveen; Ziaurehman; Muhammad Idrees

    2016-01-01

    Background: DNA profiling plays a vital role in the identification of dead bodies during mass disasters. Severe fragmentation, decomposition, burning and intermixing of the remains can occur in the mass disasters. DNA analysis faces many challenges especially when the dead bodies are completely decomposed or burnt. This report presents the identification of 32 completely burnt individuals including three families from their remains in a bus using AmpFlSTR Identifiler Plus® Kit and AmpFlSTR Y-...

  16. [Analysis of genetic diversity of Russian regional populations based on common STR markers used in DNA identification].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesik, V Yu; Fedunin, A A; Agdzhoyan, A T; Utevska, O M; Chukhraeva, M I; Evseeva, I V; Churnosov, M I; Lependina, I N; Bogunov, Yu V; Bogunova, A A; Ignashkin, M A; Yankovsky, N K; Balanovska, E V; Orekhov, V A; Balanovsky, O P

    2014-06-01

    We conducted the first genetic analysis of a wide a range of rural Russian populations in European Russia with a panel of common DNA markers commonly used in criminalistics genetic identification. We examined a total of 647 samples from indigenous ethnic Russian populations in Arkhangelsk, Belgorod, Voronezh, Kursk, Rostov, Ryazan, and Orel regions. We employed a multiplex genotyping kit, COrDIS Plus, to genotype Short Tandem Repeat (STR) loci, which included the genetic marker panel officially recommended for DNA identification in the Russian Federation, the United States, and the European Union. In the course of our study, we created a database of allelic frequencies, examined the distribution of alleles and genotypes in seven rural Russian populations, and defined the genetic relationships between these populations. We found that, although multidimensional analysis indicated a difference between the Northern gene pool and the rest of the Russian European populations, a pairwise comparison using 19 STR markers among all populations did not reveal significant differences. This is in concordance with previous studies, which examined up to 12 STR markers of urban Russian populations. Therefore, the database of allelic frequencies created in this study can be applied for forensic examinations and DNA identification among the ethnic Russian population over European Russia. We also noted a decrease in the levels of heterozygosity in the northern Russian population compared to ethnic populations in southern and central Russia, which is consistent with trends identified previously using classical gene markers and analysis of mitochondrial DNA. PMID:25715463

  17. Evaluation and In-House Validation of Five DNA Extraction Methods for PCR-based STR Analysis of Bloodstained Denims

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Perdigon

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available One type of crime scene evidence commonly submitted for analysis is bloodstain on denim. However, chemicals (e.g., indigo used to produce denim materials may co-purify with DNA and hence, affect subsequent DNA analysis. The present study compared five methods (e.g., standard organic, organic with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2, modified FTA™, organic/Chelex®-Centricon®, and QIAamp® DNA Mini Kit-based procedures for the isolation of blood DNA from denim. A Short Tandem Repeat (STR-based analysis across two to nine STR markers, namely, HUMvWA, HUMTH01, D8S306, HUMFES/FPS, HUMDHFRP2, HUMF13A01, HUMFGA, HUMTPOX, and HUMCSF1PO, was used to evaluate successful amplification of blood DNA extracted from light indigo, dark indigo, indigo-sulfur, pure indigo, sulfur-top, and sulfur-bottom denim materials. The results of the present study support the utility of organic/Chelex®-Centricon® and QIAamp® Kit procedures in extracting PCR-amplifiable DNA from five different types of denim materials for STR analysis. Furthermore, a solid-based method using FTA™ classic cards was modified to provide a simple, rapid, safe, and cost-effective procedure for extracting blood DNA from light, dark indigo and pure indigo denim materials. However, DNA eluted from bloodstained sulfur-dyed denims (e.g., sulfur-top and sulfur-bottom using FTA™ procedure was not readily amplifiable.

  18. The development and application of a multiplex short tandem repeat (STR) system for identifying subspecies, individuals and sex in tigers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Zheng-Ting; Uphyrkina, Olga V; Fomenko, Pavel; Luo, Shu-Jin

    2015-07-01

    Poaching and trans-boundary trafficking of tigers and body parts are threatening the world's last remaining wild tigers. Development of an efficient molecular genetic assay for tracing the origins of confiscated specimens will assist in law enforcement and wildlife forensics for this iconic flagship species. We developed a multiplex genotyping system "tigrisPlex" to simultaneously assess 22 short tandem repeat (STR, or microsatellite) loci and a gender-identifying SRY gene, all amplified in 4 reactions using as little as 1 ng of template DNA. With DNA samples used for between-run calibration, the system generates STR genotypes that are directly compatible with voucher tiger subspecies genetic profiles, hence making it possible to identify subspecies via bi-parentally inherited markers. We applied "tigrisPlex" to 12 confiscated specimens from Russia and identified 6 individuals (3 females and 3 males), each represented by duplicated samples and all designated as Amur tigers (Panthera tigris altaica) with high confidence. This STR multiplex system can serve as an effective and versatile approach for genetic profiling of both wild and captive tigers as well as confiscated tiger products, fulfilling various conservation needs for identifying the origins of tiger samples. PMID:25950598

  19. Genetic polymorphism analyses of a novel panel of 19 X-STR loci in the Chinese Uygur ethnic minority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Yu-Xin; Chen, Jian-Gang; Wang, Yan; Yan, Jiang-Wei; Chen, Jing; Yao, Tian-Hua; Zhang, Li-Ping; Yang, Guang; Meng, Hao-Tian; Zhang, Yu-Dang; Mei, Ting; Liu, Yao-Shun; Dong, Qian; Zhu, Bo-Feng

    2016-05-01

    The population genetic data and forensic parameters of 19 X-chromosome short tandem repeat (X-STR) loci in Chinese Uygur ethnic minority are presented. These loci were detected in a sample of 233 (94 males and 139 females) unrelated healthy individuals. We observed 238 alleles at the 19 X-STR loci, with the corresponding gene frequencies spanning the range from 0.0021 to 0.5644. After Bonferroni correction (P>0.0026), there were no significant deviations from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The cumulative power of discrimination in females and males, and the probability of exclusion of the 19 X-STR loci were 0.999 999 999 999 999 999 998 091, 0.999 999 999 999 966, and 0.999 999 986 35, respectively. The cumulative mean exclusion chance was 0.999 999 992 849 in deficiency cases, 0.999 999 999 999 628 in normal trios, and 0.999 999 998 722 in duo cases. The high value of the forensic parameters mentioned above revealed that the novel panel of 19 loci had important values for forensic applications in the Uygur group. PMID:27143264

  20. Population genetics for 23 Y-STR loci in Tibetan in China and confirmation of DYS448 null allele.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Yi; Gao, Jingshang; Fan, Guangyao; Liao, Linchuan; Hou, Yiping

    2015-05-01

    Tibetan is one of 56 ethnic groups in China, where a level of genetic sub-structure might be expected. Although a global analysis of Y-chromosomal haplotype diversity for 23 STR loci and Y-STR databases with PPY23 kit were created with collaborative effort, there was a lack of data for Tibetan population. In this study we evaluated 248 unrelated male individuals of Chinese Tibetan living in the Tibet Autonomous Region to explore the underlying genetic structure of Tibetan populations. These samples were typed for 23 short-tandem repeat (STR) loci (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385ab, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, GATAH4, DYS481, DYS533, DYS549, DYS570, DYS576, and DYS643) by using PPY23 kit. A total of 224 different haplotypes were found. Haplotype diversity was 0.9990. Both Rst pairwise analyses and multidimensional scaling plot showed the genetic structure of Tibetan population was significantly different from some of Chinese ethnic groups and neighboring populations. There were few interesting null features at DYS448 observed by PPY23 that deserved some comment. It revealed that PPY23 marker set provided substantially stronger discriminatory power in Tibetan population. PMID:25524635

  1. Sub-Saharan Africa descendents in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil): population and mutational data for 12 Y-STR loci.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domingues, Patricia Mariana; Gusmão, Leonor; da Silva, Dayse Aparecida; Amorim, António; Pereira, Rinaldo W; de Carvalho, Elizeu F

    2007-05-01

    A male sample of 135 African descendents from the Rio de Janeiro population were typed for the 12 Y-chromosome short tandem repeat (STR) loci included in the PowerPlex Y System. A high haplotype diversity was observed (0.9971), with 91% of haplotypes being unique, demonstrating the usefulness and informative power of this Y-STR set in male lineage identification. Samples with shared haplotypes were additionally typed with the Yfiler kit, which includes five extra markers. The haplotype diversity when using the 17-Yfiler loci increased to (0.9998) with 97% unique haplotypes. The same set of Y-STRs was also typed in 135 father/son pairs and three single-step mutations were observed: one at DYS19 and two at DYS385. Genetic distance analysis showed highly significant differences in all pairwise comparisons between this sample of African descendents and the general population from Rio de Janeiro, as well as with Iberian and African samples from Portugal, Mozambique, Angola and Equatorial Guinea. Comparisons with samples from other regions in Brazil showed that heterogeneity does exist, indicating that a Y-haplotype database for the whole country should take into account the population sub-structure. Moreover, a strong European influence was detected, and thus, a Y-chromosome STR profile proves a rather poor indicator for the ethnic origin of an individual in Rio de Janeiro. PMID:17334737

  2. [STR loci D2S1338 and D19S433 in a population sample from the Lower Silesia region].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krzyzanńska, Agnieszka; Kowalczyk, Elzbieta; Markowska, Joanna; Dobosz, Tadeusz

    2006-01-01

    Over the past decade, the human identity testing community has established a set of core short tandem repeat (STR) loci that are widely used for DNA typing applications [1]. The present paper analyzed the usefulness of STR D2S1338 and D19S433 loci in paternity testing and human identity establishment. The population study was performed on 1500 individuals, inhabitants of the Lower Silesia region. The DNA samples were amplified simultaneously at 15 STR loci using a multiplex kit AmpFISTR Identifiler PCR Amplification Kit. The amplified products were separated by capillary electrophoresis using an ABI Prism 310 Genetic Analyzer (Applied Biosystems) with the separation medium POP4 according to the manufacturer's recommended protocols. Loci D2S1338 and D19S433 are highly polymorphic [2]. There were no detectable differences from Hardy-Weinberg expectations (HWE) in both the tested loci. The distribution of the observed allele is shown in Figures 1 and 2. The observed and expected homozygotes, the exact test for departures from HWE, probability of discrimination (PD), power of exclusion (PE), matching probability (MP), polymorphism information content (PIC), typical paternity index (TPI) and probability of paternity (PP) were also calculated and presented. PMID:17249371

  3. Genetic polymorphism analyses of a novel panel of 19 X-STR loci in the Chinese Uygur ethnic minority* #

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Yu-xin; Chen, Jian-gang; Wang, Yan; Yan, Jiang-wei; Chen, Jing; Yao, Tian-hua; Zhang, Li-ping; Yang, Guang; Meng, Hao-tian; Zhang, Yu-dang; Mei, Ting; Liu, Yao-shun; Dong, Qian; Zhu, Bo-feng

    2016-01-01

    The population genetic data and forensic parameters of 19 X-chromosome short tandem repeat (X-STR) loci in Chinese Uygur ethnic minority are presented. These loci were detected in a sample of 233 (94 males and 139 females) unrelated healthy individuals. We observed 238 alleles at the 19 X-STR loci, with the corresponding gene frequencies spanning the range from 0.0021 to 0.5644. After Bonferroni correction (P>0.0026), there were no significant deviations from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The cumulative power of discrimination in females and males, and the probability of exclusion of the 19 X-STR loci were 0.999 999 999 999 999 999 998 091, 0.999 999 999 999 966, and 0.999 999 986 35, respectively. The cumulative mean exclusion chance was 0.999 999 992 849 in deficiency cases, 0.999 999 999 999 628 in normal trios, and 0.999 999 998 722 in duo cases. The high value of the forensic parameters mentioned above revealed that the novel panel of 19 loci had important values for forensic applications in the Uygur group. PMID:27143264

  4. SEO optimalizace a E-marketing internetových stránek

    OpenAIRE

    Peťovský, Vojtěch

    2012-01-01

    Bakalářská práce se zaměřuje na dva problémy. První část se zabývá webovou prezentací a návrhem její SEO optimalizace. Druhá část se zaměřuje na její nadstavbu: marketing na internetu neboli: e-marketing. Výstupem práce má být poznatek, jak velký účinek má návrh SEO optimalizace a e-marketingu pro zvýšení počtu návštěvníků webových stránek a tím i zvýšení obratu firmy. Tyto 2 návrhy jsou nakonec zhodnoceny z ekonomického hlediska.

  5. Genetic Polymorphisms of Nine X-STR Loci in Four Population Groups from Inner Mongolia, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiao-Fang Hou; Bin Yu; Sheng-Bin Li

    2007-01-01

    Nine short tandem repeat (STR) markers on the X chromosome (DXS101, DXS6789, DXS6799, DXS6804, DXS7132, DXS7133, DXS7423, DXS8378, and HPRTB) were analyzed in four population groups (Mongol, Ewenki, Oroqen, and Daur) from Inner Mongolia, China, in order to learn about the genetic diversity, forensic suitability, and possible genetic affinities of the populations. Frequency estimates, Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, and other parameters of forensic interest were computed. The results revealed that the nine markers have a moderate degree of variability in the population groups. Most heterozygosity values for the nine loci range from 0.480 to 0.891, and there are evident differences of genetic variability among the populations. A UPGMA tree constructed on the basis of the generated data shows very low genetic distance betweent Mongol and Han (Xi'an) populations. Our results based on genetic distance analysis are consistent with the results of earlier studies based on linguistics and the immigration history and origin of these populations. The minisatellite loci on the X chromosome studied here are not only useful in showing significant genetic variation between the populations, but also are suitable for human identity testing among Inner Mongolian populations.

  6. Allele Frequencies of 10 Autosomal STR Loci from Chakma and Tripura Tribal Populations in Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Ferdous

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Allele frequencies of ten autosomal STR loci, D3S1358, vWA, D16S539, D2S1338, D8S1179, D21S11, D18S51, D19S433, TH01, and FGA were investigated in Chakma and Tripura tribal populations of Bangladesh. In both the populations, all loci were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium except for FGA locus in Chakma and D21S11 in Tripura. All the loci were highly polymorphic in Chakma population with an observed heterozygosity (Ho of >0.7 and moderately polymorphic in Tripura population (Ho>0.6. However, both the population showed least polymorphism at TH01 locus (Ho<0.6. A comparison between Chakma and Tripura population data revealed statistically significant differences in allele frequency distribution for most of the loci. A similar comparison with the mainstream Bengali population using previously published data from this lab also showed significant difference in allele frequency with these two tribal populations.

  7. Further characterization of six miniSTR loci in the Han population from China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhen-jun JIA

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective  To describe the characteristics of two miniplex sets: NC01 (D10S1248, D14S1434 and D22S1045, which was recommended by EDNAP/ENFSI, and a new miniplex one (D2S2944, D18S872 and D19S591. Methods  DNA was extracted using the Chelex-100 extraction method. The products were genotyped by ABI PRISM® 310 Genetic Analyzer and the results were analyzed with GeneScan 3.7 and GenoTyper 3.7 software. Results  All loci meet Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The combined power of discrimination for the six loci in Chinese population was 0.9999 and the cumulative probability of exclusion was 0.9793. We also compared the sequencing data of NC01 with other different ethic groups. Conclusion  Two miniplex sets were constructed. These miniSTR makers have different characteristics in different ethic groups.

  8. Genetic differentiation of the Cabo Verde archipelago population analysed by STR polymorphisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandes, A T; Velosa, R; Jesus, J; Carracedo, A; Brehm, A

    2003-07-01

    Allele frequencies for 17 STR loci were analyzed in a sample of unrelated males from the Cabo Verde Archipelago. The samples were gathered in such a way that the origin of the subjects was perfectly identified, and they could be included in one of the leeward or windward groups of islands. This study reveals that there are significant differences between both groups of islands, and between Cabo Verdeans and other populations from sub-Sahara Africa including the Guineans, the most probable source population for Cabo Verdeans. This study confirms mtDNA data and, together with HLA and Y chromosome data already published, shows that the Cabo Verde population is sub-structured and atypical, diverging substantially from mainland sub-Saharan populations. Overall these differences are most probably due to admixture between sub-Saharan slaves brought into the islands and other settlers of European origin. In the absence of a clear indication of a different ethnic composition of the first sub-Saharan settlers of Cabo Verde, the differentiation exhibited in both groups of islands can be most probably be attributed to genetic drift. PMID:12914568

  9. Allelic structure and distribution of 103 STR loci in a Southern Tunisian population

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abdellatif Maalej; Ahmed Rebai; Adnen Ayadi; Jomaa Jouida; Hafedh Makni; Hammadi Ayadi

    2004-04-01

    Genotypes of 103 short tandem repeat (STR) markers distributed at an average of 40 cM intervals throughout the genome were determined for 40 individuals from the village of BirEl Hfai (BEH). This village of approximately 31.000 individuals is localized in the south-west of Tunisia. The allele frequency distributions in BEH were compared with those obtained for individuals in the CEPH (Centre d’Etude du Polymorphisme Humain) data using a Kolmogorov–Smirnov two-sample test. Fourteen out of the 103 markers (13.2%) showed significant differences ($P\\lt 0.05$) in distribution between the two populations. Population heterogeneity in BEH was indicated by an excess of observed homozygosity deviations from Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium at 3 loci ($P\\lt 0.0005$). No evidence for genotypic disequilibrium was found for any of the marker pairs. This demonstrated that in spite of a high inbreeding level in the population, few markers showed evidence for a different pattern of allelic distribution compared to CEPH.

  10. Str\\"omgren uvby photometry of the peculiar globular cluster NGC 2419

    CERN Document Server

    Frank, Matthias J; Feltzing, Sofia; Kacharov, Nikolay; Wilkinson, Mark I; Irwin, Mike

    2015-01-01

    NGC 2419 is a peculiar Galactic globular cluster in terms of size/luminosity, and chemical abundance anomalies. Here, we present Str\\"omgren $uvby$ photometry of the cluster. Using the gravity- and metallicity-sensitive $c_1$ and $m_1$ indices, we identify a sample of likely cluster members extending well beyond the formal tidal radius with an estimated contamination by non-members of only 1%. We derive photometric [Fe/H] of red giants, and depending on which literature metallicity relation we use, find reasonable to excellent agreement with spectroscopic [Fe/H]. We demonstrate explicitly that the photometric errors are not Gaussian, and using a realistic model for the photometric uncertainties, find a formal internal [Fe/H] spread of $\\sigma=0.11^{+0.02}_{-0.01}$ dex. This is an upper limit to the cluster's true [Fe/H] spread and may partially/entirely reflect the limited precision of the photometric metallicity estimation and systematic effects. The lack of correlation between spectroscopic and photometric ...

  11. Population data of 17 Y-STR loci from Rio Grande do Sul state (South Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwengber, Solange P; Kommers, Trícia; Matte, Cecília H F; Raimann, Paulo E; Carvalho, Bianca A; Leite, Fabio P N; Medeiros, Marcelo A; Souza, Luis F; Castro, Cibele S; Chassot, Fernanda G C; Bonatto, Sandro L

    2009-12-01

    A sample of 255 Brazilian males from Rio Grande do Sul (RS), the Brazilian southernmost state, was typed for 17 Y-STR loci (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, YGATA_H4.1 and DYS385ab). A total of 247 haplotypes were identified, of which 239 were unique and eight were found in two individuals each. The haplotype diversity (99.98%) and discrimination capacity (96.86%) were calculated. Pairwise haplotype distances showed that the RS population is not significantly different from Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, and Argentina, is different from São Paulo, Italy, and North Portugal, and is very distant from Spain, the Amazon region, Germany, and South Amerindians. When the RS data was separated in the seven geopolitical regions, some pairs of regions were significantly different; however no region was different from the whole Brazilian sample. PMID:19948319

  12. STR genetic diversity in a Mediterranean population from the south of the Iberian Peninsula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaibar, Maria; Esteban, Esther; Moral, Pedro; Gómez-Gallego, Félix; Santiago, Catalina; Bandrés, Fernando; Luna, Francisco; Fernández-Santander, Ana

    2010-04-01

    Sixteen Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (STRs) (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635 and GATA H4.1) were typed in DNA samples from 52 unrelated men and 15 autosomal STRs (CSF1PO, D2S1338, D3S1358, D5S818, D7S820, D8S1179, D13S317, D16S539, D18S51, D19S433, D21S11, FGA, TH01, TPOX, vWA) were also studied for a group of 90 individuals (men and women) from the same population (Andalusians from La Alpujarra, South of Spain). The Alpujarrenian population represents an example of an isolated population with remarkable geographical, cultural and historical characteristics. High haplotype diversities were observed for the studied polymorphisms, 0.98 and 1 for YSTRs and autosomal STRs, respectively. Population comparisons for the autosomal STR allele distributions revealed remarkable levels of global homogeneity among samples geographically related. PMID:19961347

  13. Y chromosome STR allelic and haplotype diversity in a Rwanda population from East Central Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balamurugan, Kuppareddi; Duncan, George

    2012-03-01

    We have analyzed 17 Y-chromosomal STR loci in a population sample of 69 unrelated male individuals of the Rwanda-Hutu population from East Central Africa using an AmpFlSTR® Yfiler™ PCR amplification kit. A total of 62 unique haplotypes were identified among the 69 individuals studied. The haplotype diversity was found to be 0.9970 for this population. The gene diversity ranged from 0.1130 (DYS392) to 0.7722 (DYS385). Comparison of populations in this study with twenty-five other national and global populations using Principal Co-ordinate Analysis (PCA) and phylogenetic molecular analysis using a genetic distance matrix indicates a delineation of all the African populations from other unrelated populations. The results of population pair-wise Fst p values indicate statistically significant differentiation of the Rwandan population when compared with 25 other global populations including four African populations (p=0.0000). Analysis of Molecular Variance (AMOVA) of the Rwanda population with four other African populations indicated a 93% variance within populations and 7% variance among the five populations. A data base search of the 62 haplotypes yielded only one non-African haplotype match, suggesting these haplotypes are unique to the African continent. PMID:22285642

  14. Decreased Rate of Evolution in Y Chromosome STR Loci of Increased Size of the Repeat Unit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Järve, Mari; Zhivotovsky, Lev A.; Rootsi, Siiri; Help, Hela; Rogaev, Evgeny I.; Khusnutdinova, Elza K.; Kivisild, Toomas; Sanchez, Juan J.

    2009-01-01

    Background Polymorphic Y chromosome short tandem repeats (STRs) have been widely used in population genetic and evolutionary studies. Compared to di-, tri-, and tetranucleotide repeats, STRs with longer repeat units occur more rarely and are far less commonly used. Principal Findings In order to study the evolutionary dynamics of STRs according to repeat unit size, we analysed variation at 24 Y chromosome repeat loci: 1 tri-, 14 tetra-, 7 penta-, and 2 hexanucleotide loci. According to our results, penta- and hexanucleotide repeats have approximately two times lower repeat variance and diversity than tri- and tetranucleotide repeats, indicating that their mutation rate is about half of that of tri- and tetranucleotide repeats. Thus, STR markers with longer repeat units are more robust in distinguishing Y chromosome haplogroups and, in some cases, phylogenetic splits within established haplogroups. Conclusions Our findings suggest that Y chromosome STRs of increased repeat unit size have a lower rate of evolution, which has significant relevance in population genetic and evolutionary studies. PMID:19789645

  15. Development of 19-plex Y STR system and polymorphism studies in Pakistani population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Faraz Malik; Faizan Raiz; Qurat-ul-ain; Muhammad Hassan Siddiqi; Allah Rakha; Zia ur Rehman; Zahoor Ahmed; Mahmood A. Kayani; M. Ansar; Obaid Ullah; Muhammad Shafeeq; Shahid Chohan; Yassir Abbas; Saqib Shazad,Ali Raza; Rahat Rehman

    2008-01-01

    For the development of 19-plex Y STR system and polymorphism studies in locl ethnic populations sixteen markers of non-recombining regions (NRY) of Y chromosome, which show high power of discrimination among individuals, were selected in this study. Blood samples (600) were e.ollected from the males of three most common castes of Pakistani population (Arnin, Awan and Rajput) with different parent lineages. Three markers (DYS385a/b, DYS389Ⅰ/Ⅱ and YCAⅡa/b) among 16 Y STRs are double-targeted regions of the Y chromosome and thus provide two polymorphie peaks for each respective primer set. These 16 Y-STRs were developed into Megaplex system for simultaneous amplification of all markers within the population. The overall power of discrimination observed in focused populations was 60.5%, 66.5% and 55% in Rajput, Awan and Arain casts respectively. This discrimination power will be helpful in haman identification for forensic casework studies including sexual assaults and paternity testing.

  16. Effects of heavy metal pollution on red wood ant (Formica s. str.) populations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We studied the species composition, mound population densities, relative abundance and colony sizes of red wood ants along a well known air pollution gradient of a copper smelter in Southwest Finland. The dominant species, Formica aquilonia, was further studied for heavy metal (Al, Cu, Cd, Ni, Zn, As, Pb, Hg) levels and morphological characters (body mass, head width, labial gland disease) of workers. We found five species belonging to Formica s. str., and two of them showed changes in their relative abundance, which could not be explained by natural habitat differences. Nest mound volumes were 34% smaller in the polluted area, suggesting that smaller colonies can be maintained there. The heavy metal levels in F. aquilonia workers were higher in the polluted area for all metals, except Hg. The largest relative differences between the study areas (polluted/unpolluted) were found for As (4.1), Ni (2.4), Cu (2.1) and Pb (1.8). Morphological characters of workers were not related to the heavy metal levels. Our data showed that red wood ants can tolerate relatively high amounts of heavy metals and maintain reproducing colonies even in a heavily polluted area, but on the basis of smaller colony sizes, pollution stress may also cause trade-offs in reproduction. - Capsule: Five species of red wood ants vary in their sensitivity to heavy metal pollution but all of them had smaller colonies in a polluted area

  17. Development of Chinese Forensic Y-STR DNA Database%中国Y-STR数据库建设相关问题探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛建业; 严江伟; 谢群; 孙宏钰; 同怀谷; 李斌

    2013-01-01

    Y染色体是男性所特有的父系遗传染色体,Y染色体上的STR基因座已经大量应用于实际案件.本文总结了Y-STR的特性以及选择适合中国人群的Y-STR基因座所需要考虑的问题,展望了Y-STR在家系排查、亲缘搜索、来源人群推断、混合样本检验、亲缘关系鉴定等方面的应用前景,并探讨了Y-STR试剂盒研发、验证,Y-STR突变率,搜索软件等方面的问题,提出了相应的建议.%Y chromosome is a male-specific paternal inherited chromosome.The STR markers on Y chromosome have been widely used in forensic practices.This article summarizes the characteristics of Y-STR and some factors are considered of selecting appropriate Y-STR markers for Chinese population.The prospects of existing and potential forensic applications of Y-STR profiles are discussed including familial excluding,familial searching,crowd source deducing,mixture sample testing,and kinship identifying.The research,development,verification of Y-STR kit,Y-STR mutation rate,and search software are explored and some suggestions are given.

  18. Self-reported adherence supports patient preference for the single tablet regimen (STR in the current cART era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Sterrantino

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To analyze self-reported adherence to antiretroviral regimens containing ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitors, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI, raltegravir, and maraviroc. Methods: Overall, 372 consecutive subjects attending a reference center for HIV treatment in Florence, Italy, were enrolled in the study, from December 2010 to January 2012 (mean age 48 years. A self-report questionnaire was filled in. Patients were defined as “non-adherent” if reporting one of the following criteria:<90% of pills taken in the last month, ≥1 missed dose in the last week, spontaneous treatment interruptions reported, or refill problems in the last 3 months. Gender, age, CD4, HIV-RNA, years of therapy, and type of antiretroviral regimen were analyzed with respect to adherence. Results: At the time of the questionnaire, 89.8% of patients had <50 copies/mL HIV-RNA and 14.2% were on their first combined antiretroviral therapy. 57% of patients were prescribed a regimen containing ritonavir boosted protease inhibitors (boosted PI, 41.7% NNRTI, 17.2% raltegravir, and 4.8% maraviroc; 49.5% of the subjects were on bis-in-die regimens, while 50.5% were on once-daily regimens, with 23.1% of these on the single tablet regimen (STR: tenofovir/emtricitabine/efavirenz. The non-adherence proportion was lower in NNRTI than in boosted-PI treatments (19.4% vs 30.2%, and even lower in STR patients (17.4%. In multivariable logistic regression, patients with the NNRTI regimen (OR: 0.56, 95% CI: 0.34–0.94 and the STR (OR: 0.45, 95% CI: 0.22–0.92 reported lower non-adherence. Efavirenz regimens were also associated with lower non-adherence (OR: 0.42, 95% CI: 0.21–0.83, while atazanavir/ritonavir regimens were associated with higher non-adherence. No other relation to specific antiretroviral drugs was found. A higher CD4 count, lower HIV-RNA, and older age were also found to be associated with lower non-adherence, while a longer time on

  19. Genetic structure and diversity of three Colombian southwest afrodescendent populations using 8 STR's

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To estimate the diversity, structure and genetic flow in three Colombian southwest afrodescendent populations (Buenaventura, Mulalo y Tumaco), the alleles revealed by 8 autosomal STR's were analyzed in 78 no-related individuals, by the use of PCR and comparison with specific allelic ladders for every system resolved by polyacrylamide gel (8%). the results were compared with 2 Amerindian populations (Awa-Kuaikier and Coyaima) and 2 mixed Colombian populations (Valle del Cauca and Cauca). For the afrodescendent and Amerindian populations was found moderate diversity (h between 0.768±0.414 and 0.796±0.424), in contrast, the mixed population showed higher rates (>0.803), which is probably caused by mixing with Amerindians, that also can explain the high endogamy seen in mixed populations. The AMOVA exhibited moderate genetic structure between the afrodescendent populations (FST= 0.098; p<0.05), but higher between the three ethnical groups compared (FST=0.26723; p<0.05). The closer genetics distances are in favor of Tumaco and Buenaventura, supported for the migration rate found (34.298), which was the same inside of Amerindian and mixed populations. Maybe, because Mulalo is a closed isolated population, its differences in front others afrodescendent populations are explained. The neighbor-joining tree showed nearest relations among Amerindian and mixed populations, furthermore, the ancestral character for the afrodescendents. That sustains the idea of genetic flow maintained between the 3 ethnical groups, principally between Amerindian and mixed populations, supported because the genetic differences, migration rates and Amerindian matrilineality reported in the literature

  20. Concrete Hydration Heat Analysis for RCB Basemat Considering Solar Radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NPP especially puts an emphasis on concrete durability for structural integrity. It has led to higher cementitious material contents, lower water-cementitious-material ratios, and deeper cover depth over reinforcing steel. These requirements have resulted in more concrete placements that are subject to high internal temperatures. The problem with high internal temperatures is the increase in the potential for thermal cracking that can decrease concrete's long-term durability and ultimate strength. Thermal cracking negates the benefits of less permeable concrete and deeper cover by providing a direct path for corrosion-causing agents to reach the reinforcing steel. The purpose of this study is to develop how to analyze and estimate accurately concrete hydration heat of the real-scale massive concrete with wide large plane. An analysis method considering concrete placement sequence was studied and solar radiation effects on the real-scale massive concrete with wide large plane were reviewed through the analytical method. In this study, the measured temperatures at the real scale structure and the analysis results of concrete hydration heat were compared. And thermal stress analysis was conducted. Through the analysis, it was found that concrete placement duration, sequence and solar radiation effects should be considered to get the accurate concrete peak temperature, maximum temperature differences and crack index

  1. Concrete Hydration Heat Analysis for RCB Basemat Considering Solar Radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Seong-Cheol; Son, Yong-Ki [KEPCO International Nuclear Graduate School, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Seong-Cheol [Chung-Ang University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-05-15

    The NPP especially puts an emphasis on concrete durability for structural integrity. It has led to higher cementitious material contents, lower water-cementitious-material ratios, and deeper cover depth over reinforcing steel. These requirements have resulted in more concrete placements that are subject to high internal temperatures. The problem with high internal temperatures is the increase in the potential for thermal cracking that can decrease concrete's long-term durability and ultimate strength. Thermal cracking negates the benefits of less permeable concrete and deeper cover by providing a direct path for corrosion-causing agents to reach the reinforcing steel. The purpose of this study is to develop how to analyze and estimate accurately concrete hydration heat of the real-scale massive concrete with wide large plane. An analysis method considering concrete placement sequence was studied and solar radiation effects on the real-scale massive concrete with wide large plane were reviewed through the analytical method. In this study, the measured temperatures at the real scale structure and the analysis results of concrete hydration heat were compared. And thermal stress analysis was conducted. Through the analysis, it was found that concrete placement duration, sequence and solar radiation effects should be considered to get the accurate concrete peak temperature, maximum temperature differences and crack index.

  2. The RCB star RY Sagittarii as a pulsating star

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lloyd Evans, T.

    1986-03-01

    Measurements of CN and C2 bandstrengths in the spectrum of RY Sagittarii in 1969 and 1970, when it was on the latter part of its return to maximum and during its subsequent stay at maximum light after the deep minimum of 1967-68, show that the bands vary in strength in the 38.6-day pulsation period. The variations follow the phasing of the B-V and U-B color curves rather than the V light curve, and must be determined largely by the photospheric temperature as in the case of the carbon-rich Cepheid V553 Centauri. This is supported by a comparison of the ranges in color and in bandstrength, though the bands are stronger at a given color than in typical class Ib supergiants.

  3. Developmental validation of the PowerPlex® Y23 System: a single multiplex Y-STR analysis system for casework and database samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Jonelle M; Ewing, Margaret M; Frank, William E; Pogemiller, Jill J; Nolde, Craig A; Koehler, D Jody; Shaffer, Alyssandra M; Rabbach, Dawn R; Fulmer, Patricia M; Sprecher, Cynthia J; Storts, Douglas R

    2013-02-01

    The PowerPlex® Y23 System combines the seventeen Y-STR loci in current commercially available Y-STR kits (DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS389I/II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, and Y-GATA-H4) with six new highly discriminating Y-STR loci (DYS481, DYS533, DYS549, DYS570, DYS576, and DYS643). These six new loci have higher gene diversities than most of the loci in other commercial Y-STR analysis kits, allowing for further distinction between unrelated male individuals. In addition, the inclusion of two rapidly mutating Y-STR loci may allow for the discrimination of related individuals. The PowerPlex® Y23 System is designed to amplify DNA from purified extracts as well as direct amplification from substrates used to collect database samples (e.g. swabs and storage cards). Validation of the PowerPlex® Y23 System includes all of the studies required by the FBI and SWGDAM. The results demonstrate that the PowerPlex® Y23 System is a robust and reliable amplification kit capable of overcoming high concentrations of commonly encountered inhibitors such as hematin, humic acid, and tannic acid. Full profiles are consistently detected with 62.5 pg of male DNA, even in the presence of excessive amounts of female DNA, establishing the PowerPlex(®) Y23 System as a sensitive method for Y-STR testing. Complete Y-STR profiles are detected from mixed samples with 62.5 pg of male DNA in a background of 400 ng of female DNA or 125 pg of male DNA mixed with 3000 ng of female DNA. PMID:23337322

  4. Evaluation of the RapidHIT™ 200, an automated human identification system for STR analysis of single source samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, Mitchell; Wendt, Frank

    2015-01-01

    The RapidHIT™ 200 Human Identification System was evaluated to determine its suitability for STR analysis of single source buccal swabs. Overall, the RapidHIT™ 200 performed as well as our traditional capillary electrophoresis based method in producing useable profile information on a first-pass basis. General observations included 100% concordance with known profile information, consistent instrument performance after two weeks of buccal swab storage, and an absence of contamination in negative controls. When data analysis was performed by the instrument software, 95.3% of the 85 samples in the reproducibility study gave full profiles. Including the 81 full profiles, a total of 2682 alleles were correctly called by the instrument software, or 98.6% of 2720 possible alleles tested. Profile information was generated from as little as 10,000 nucleated cells, with swab collection technique being a major contributing factor to profile quality. The average peak-height-ratio for heterozygote profiles (81%) was comparable to conventional STR analysis, and while a high analytical threshold was required when offline profile analysis was performed (800 RFU), it was proportionally consistent with traditional methods. Stochastic sampling effects were evaluated, and a manageable approach to address limits of detection for homozygote profiles is provided. These results support consideration of the RapidHIT™ 200 as an acceptable alternative to conventional, laboratory based STR analysis for the testing of single source buccal samples, with review of profile information as a requirement until an expert software system is incorporated, and when proper developmental and internal validation studies have been completed. PMID:25286443

  5. The Wolbachia WO bacteriophage proteome in the Aedes albopictus C/wStr1 cell line: evidence for lytic activity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldridge, Gerald D; Markowski, Todd W; Witthuhn, Bruce A; Higgins, LeeAnn; Baldridge, Abigail S; Fallon, Ann M

    2016-01-01

    Wolbachia pipientis (Rickettsiales), an obligate intracellular alphaproteobacterium in insects, manipulates host reproduction to maximize invasion of uninfected insect populations. Modification of host population structure has potential applications for control of pest species, particularly if Wolbachia can be maintained, manipulated, and genetically engineered in vitro. Although Wolbachia maintains an obligate mutualism with genome stability in nematodes, arthropods can be co-infected with distinct Wolbachia strains, and horizontal gene transfer between strains is potentially mediated by WO phages encoded within Wolbachia genomes. Proteomic analysis of a robust, persistent infection of a mosquito cell line with wStr from the planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus, revealed expression of a full array of WO phage genes, as well as nine of ten non-phage genes that occur between two distinct clusters of WOMelB genes in the genome of wMel, which infects Drosophila melanogaster. These non-phage genes encode potential host-adaptive proteins and are expressed in wStr at higher levels than phage structural proteins. A subset of seven of the non-phage genes is flanked by highly conserved non-coding sequences, including a putative promoter element, that are not present in a syntenically arranged array of homologs in plasmids from three tick-associated Rickettsia spp. These studies expand our understanding of wStr in a host cell line derived from the mosquito, Aedes albopictus, and provide a basis for investigating conditions that favor the lytic phase of the WO phage life cycle and recovery of infectious phage particles. PMID:26427709

  6. Population genetic analysis of the GlobalFiler STR loci in 748 individuals from the Kazakh population of Xinjiang in northwest China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Honghua; Yang, Shuping; Guo, Wei; Ren, Bo; Pu, Liwen; Ma, Teng; Xia, Mingying; Jin, Li; Li, Liming; Li, Shilin

    2016-09-01

    The six-dye GlobalFiler™ Express PCR amplification kit incorporates 21 commonly used autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci and three gender determination loci. In this study, we analyzed the GlobalFiler STR loci on 748 unrelated individuals from a Chinese Kazakh population of Xinjiang, China. No significant deviations from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and linkage disequilibrium were observed within and between 21 autosomal STR loci. SE33 showed the greatest power of discrimination in Kazakh population. The combined power of discrimination of Kazakh was 99.999999999999999999999996797 %. No significant differences of allele frequencies were observed between Kazakh and Uyghur at all 15 tested STR loci, as well as Mongolian. Significant differences were only observed between Kazakh and the other Chinese populations at TH01. Multiple STR loci showed significant differences between Kazakh and Arab, as well as South Portuguese. The multidimensional scaling plot (MDS) plot and neighbor-joining tree also showed Kazakh is genetically close to Uyghur. PMID:26846763

  7. Numerische und experimentelle Untersuchung der ein- und zweiphasigen Strömung in einem technisch belüfteten Abwasserteich

    OpenAIRE

    Steinmann, Alexander

    2003-01-01

    In dieser Arbeit handelt es sich um die numerische und experimentelle Untersuchung der ein- und zweiphasigen Strömung in einem technisch belüfteten Abwasserteich. Die Untersuchungen sind im Rahmen des von der Technischen Universität Berlin geförderten Interdisziplinären Forschungsprojekts IFP 6/21 Mit Wind- und Solarenergie belüftete Abwasserteiche durchgeführt worden. Dabei wird ein teilgetauchtes Druckbelüftungssystem in einem vormals mit Schadstoffen überlasteten, natürlich belüfteten Ab...

  8. Self-reported adherence supports patient preference for the single tablet regimen (STR in the current cART era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sterrantino G

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Gaetana Sterrantino,1 Lucia Santoro,1 Dario Bartolozzi1,1 Michele Trotta,1 Mauro Zaccarelli21SOD Malattie Infettive, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, 2Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive "Lazzaro Spallanzani," Roma, ItalyObjective: To analyze self-reported adherence to antiretroviral regimens containing ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitors, nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI, raltegravir, and maraviroc.Methods: Overall, 372 consecutive subjects attending a reference center for HIV treatment in Florence, Italy, were enrolled in the study, from December 2010 to January 2012 (mean age 48 years. A self-report questionnaire was filled in. Patients were defined as "nonadherent" if reporting one of the following criteria: <90% of pills taken in the last month, ≥1 missed dose in the last week, spontaneous treatment interruptions reported, or refill problems in the last 3 months. Gender, age, CD4, HIV-RNA, years of therapy, and type of antiretroviral regimen were analyzed with respect to adherence.Results: At the time of the questionnaire, 89.8% of patients had <50 copies/mL HIV-RNA and 14.2% were on their first combined antiretroviral therapy. 57% of patients were prescribed a regimen containing ritonavir boosted protease inhibitors (boosted PI, 41.7% NNRTI, 17.2% raltegravir, and 4.8% maraviroc; 49.5% of the subjects were on bis-in-die regimens, while 50.5% were on OD regimens, with 23.1% of these on the single tablet regimen (STR: tenofovir/emtricitabine/efavirenz. The nonadherence proportion was lower in NNRTI than in boosted-PI treatments (19.4% vs 30.2%, and even lower in STR patients (17.4%. In multivariable logistic regression, patients with the NNRTI regimen (OR: 0.56, 95% CI: 0.34–0.94 and the STR (OR: 0.45, 95% CI: 0.22–0.92 reported lower nonadherence. Efavirenz regimens were also associated with lower nonadherence (OR: 0.42, 95% CI: 0.21–0.83, while atazanavir/ritonavir regimens were

  9. Strömungssimulation und experimentelle Untersuchung für innovative Verflüssiger auf Basis neuartiger Rohre

    OpenAIRE

    Schaake, Katrin; Manzke, Sebastian

    2009-01-01

    In dieser Arbeit werden neuartige Flachrohre für die Verwendung als Rückwandverflüssiger in der Haushaltskältetechnik mit numerischen und dynamischen Simulationen sowie Experimenten untersucht. Dabei kommen unterschiedliche überströmte Längen sowie der Einfluss horizontaler Abstände auf den Wärmeübergang durch freie Konvektion zur Betrachtung. Realisiert wird die numerische Strömungssimulation mit der Software Fluent 3.6.26, wobei das RNG-k-epsilon- als Turbulenzmodell und diskrete Ordinaten ...

  10. Evaluation and In-House Validation of Five DNA Extraction Methods for PCR-based STR Analysis of Bloodstained Denims

    OpenAIRE

    Henry Perdigon; Gayvelline Calacal; Kristine Co Seng; Saturnina Halos; Maria Corazon De Ungria

    2004-01-01

    One type of crime scene evidence commonly submitted for analysis is bloodstain on denim. However, chemicals (e.g., indigo) used to produce denim materials may co-purify with DNA and hence, affect subsequent DNA analysis. The present study compared five methods (e.g., standard organic, organic with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), modified FTA™, organic/Chelex®-Centricon®, and QIAamp® DNA Mini Kit-based procedures) for the isolation of blood DNA from denim. A Short Tandem Repeat (STR)-based analysis ...

  11. Fast nuclear staining of head hair roots as a screening method for successful STR analysis in forensics

    OpenAIRE

    Lepez, Trees; Vandewoestyne, Mado; Van Hoofstat, David; Deforce, Dieter

    2014-01-01

    The success rate of STR profiling of hairs found at a crime scene is quite low and negative results of hair analysis are frequently reported. To increase the success rate of DNA analysis of hairs in forensics, nuclei in hair roots can be counted after staining the hair root with DAPI. Two staining methods were tested: a longer method with two 1 h incubations in respectively a DAPI-and a wash-solution, and a fast, direct staining of the hair root on microscope slides. The two staining meth...

  12. STR-based genetic structure of the Berber population of Bejaia (Northern Algeria) and its relationships to various ethnic groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amir, Nadir; Sahnoune, Mohamed; Chikhi, Lounes; Atmani, Djebbar

    2015-12-10

    Patterns of genetic variation in human populations have been described for decades. However, North Africa has received little attention and Algeria, in particular, is poorly studied, Here we genotyped a Berber-speaking population from Algeria using 15 short tandem repeat (STR) loci D8S1179, D21S11, D7S820, CSF1PO, D3S1358, TH01, D13S317, D16S539, D2S1338, D19S433, vWA, TPOX, D18S51, D5S818 and FGA from the commercially available AmpF/STR Identifiler kit. Altogether 150 unrelated North Algerian individuals were sampled across 10 administrative regions or towns from the Bejaia Wilaya (administrative district). We found that all of the STR loci met Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium expectations, after Bonferroni correction and that the Berber-speaking population of Bejaia presented a high level of observed heterozygosity for the 15 STR system (>0.7). Genetic parameters of forensic interest such as combined power of discrimination (PD) and combined probability of exclusion (PE) showed values higher than 0.999, suggesting that this set of STRs can be used for forensic studies. Our results were also compared to those published for 42 other human populations analyzed with the same set. We found that the Bejaia sample clustered with several North African populations but that some geographically close populations, including the Berber-speaking Mozabite from Algeria were closer to Near-Eastern populations. While we were able to detect some genetic structure among samples, we found that it was not correlated to language (Berber-speaking versus Arab-speaking) or to geography (east versus west). In other words, no significant genetic differences were found between the Berber-speaking and the Arab-speaking populations of North Africa. The genetic closeness of European, North African and Near-Eastern populations suggest that North Africa should be integrated in models aiming at reconstructing the demographic history of Europe. Similarly, the genetic proximity with sub-Saharan Africa is

  13. Population genetics for 17 Y-STR loci(AmpFISTR®Y-filerTM) in Luzhou Han ethnic group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bing, Long; Liang, Weibo; Pi, Jianhua; Zhang, Deming; Yong, Dai; Luo, Haibo; Zhang, Lushun; Lin, Zhang

    2013-02-01

    In this study, 17 Y-STR loci(AmpFISTR(®)Y-filerTM)-DYS456, DYS389I, DYS390, DYS389II, DYS458, DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS393, DYS391, DYS439, DYS635, DYS392, Y-GATA H4, DYS437, DYS438, DYS448 were analyzed in 424 unrelated males from Luzhou Han ethnic group, Southwest China. 365 haplotypes were observed. The discrimination capacity was 0.8608 and the haplotype diversity was 0.9992. PMID:23298877

  14. Retrospective genetic study of germinative mutations in Str loci of individuals potentially exposed to ionizing radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    21S11 loeus and 03 mutations on FGA loeus, comprising a total of 11 mutations and a mutation rate of 0.008. In such context, we did not find significant differences (p= 0.15), indicating a possible exposure effect on the mutation rates of the STR loci, in the group accidentally exposed to Cesium-137. (author)

  15. STR-PCR定量检测嵌合体供者嵌合率准确性探讨%Evaluation of the accuracy of STR-PCR to quantitate chimera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡彬; 阎慧芝; 刘晓华; 李长缨; 冯智慧; 温振科; 焦淑贤

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨用荧光标记复合扩增短串联重复序列(STR-PCR)结合序列分析仪毛细管电泳法检测嵌合体供者细胞嵌合率的准确性.方法 采集健康献血者外周血按白细胞比例两两混合制备不同供受者比例的体外嵌合体模型,对15个SIR位点进行荧光标记复合扩增,扩增产物进行序列分析仪毛细管电泳,计算嵌合率.结果 实验测得嵌合率与扩增前样本嵌合率呈显著直线相关,r=0.999 7,最小检出供者细胞嵌合率0.05),0.05) ; however, statistical difference between them was found in mixtures with chimerism rate <5%(P<0.05). Conclusion The chimerism of patients after allogeneic stem cell transplantation can be accurately determined by STR-PCR when the chimerism rate is ≥ 5%.

  16. Concordance study between the ParaDNA® Intelligence Test, a rapid DNA profiling assay, and a conventional STR typing kit (AmpFlSTR® SGM Plus®).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ball, G; Dawnay, N; Stafford-Allen, B; Panasiuk, M; Rendell, P; Blackman, S; Duxbury, N; Wells, S

    2015-05-01

    The ParaDNA® Intelligence Test enables STR profiling directly from human biological samples and evidence items collected from crime scene in 75min. Designed for non-expert use this system allows DNA information to be available to investigators before it would typically be available from a laboratory. The ParaDNA Intelligence Test system amplifies D3S1358, D8S119, D16S539, D18S1358 and TH01 STR loci and the gender typing locus amelogenin and detects the alleles present with HyBeacon® probes. Individual DNA samples from 381 UK Caucasian individuals were analysed using AmpFlSTR® SGM Plus® and the ParaDNA Intelligence Test with the derived STR profiles compared. Here we describe the high level of concordance demonstrated between the two systems and discuss this with reference to allele frequencies and the discriminatory power offered by the ParaDNA Intelligence Test. PMID:25528026

  17. Genetic Variation of 25 Y-Chromosomal and 15 Autosomal STR Loci in the Han Chinese Population of Liaoning Province, Northeast China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Jun; Wang, Bao-jie

    2016-01-01

    In the present study, we investigated the genetic characteristics of 25 Y-chromosomal and 15 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci in 305 unrelated Han Chinese male individuals from Liaoning Province using AmpFISTR® Yfiler® Plus and IdentifilerTM PCR amplification kits. Population comparison was performed between Liaoning Han population and different ethnic groups to better understand the genetic background of the Liaoning Han population. For Y-STR loci, the overall haplotype diversity was 0.9997 and the discrimination capacity was 0.9607. Gene diversity values ranged from 0.4525 (DYS391) to 0.9617 (DYS385). Rst and two multi-dimensional scaling plots showed that minor differences were observed when the Liaoning Han population was compared to the Jilin Han Chinese, Beijing Han Chinese, Liaoning Manchu, Liaoning Mongolian, Liaoning Xibe, Shandong Han Chinese, Jiangsu Han Chinese, Anhui Han Chinese, Guizhou Han Chinese and Liaoning Hui populations; by contrast, major differences were observed when the Shanxi Han Chinese, Yunnan Bai, Jiangxi Han Chinese, Guangdong Han Chinese, Liaoning Korean, Hunan Tujia, Guangxi Zhuang, Gansu Tibetan, Xishuangbanna Dai, South Korean, Japanese and Hunan Miao populations. For autosomal STR loci, DP ranged from 0.9621 (D2S1338) to 0.8177 (TPOX), with PE distributing from 0.7521 (D18S51) to 0.2988 (TH01). A population comparison was performed and no statistically significant differences were detected at any STR loci between Liaoning Han, China Dong, and Shaanxi Han populations. The results showed that the 25 Y-STR and 15 autosomal STR loci in the Liaoning Han population were valuable for forensic applications and human genetics, and Liaoning Han was an independent endogenous ethnicity with a unique subpopulation structure. PMID:27483472

  18. SkydancerPlex: A novel STR multiplex validated for forensic use in the hen harrier (Circus cyaneus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Hoppe, Moniek J C; Dy, Mary A V; van den Einden, Marion; Iyengar, Arati

    2016-05-01

    The hen harrier (Circus cyaneus) is a bird of prey which is heavily persecuted in the UK because it preys on the game bird red grouse (Lagopus lagopus scoticus). To help investigations into illegal killings of hen harrier, a STR multiplex kit containing eight short tandem repeat (STR) markers and a chromohelicase DNA binding protein 1 (CHD 1) sexing marker was developed. The multiplex kit was tested for species specificity, sensitivity, robustness, precision, accuracy and stability. Full profiles were obtained with as little as 0.25 ng of template DNA. Concurrent development of an allelic ladder to ensure reliable and accurate allele designation across laboratories makes the SkydancerPlex the first forensic DNA profiling system in a species of wildlife to be fully validated according to SWGDAM and ISFG recommendations. An average profile frequency of 3.67 × 10(-8), a PID estimate of 5.3 × 10(-9) and a PID-SIB estimate of 9.7 × 10(-4) make the SkydancerPlex an extremely powerful kit for individualisation. PMID:26881329

  19. Comparative studies of Population Synthesis Models in the frame work of modified Str\\"{o}mgren filters

    CERN Document Server

    Harsha, Sreedhar Yuvraj; Gerhard, Hensler

    2014-01-01

    Evolutionary models form a vital part of stellar population research to understand their evolution, but despite their long history of development, they often misrepresent and misinterpret the properties of stellar population observed through broadband and spectroscopic measurements. With the growing numbers of these synthesis models, model comparison becomes an important analysis to choose a suitable model for upgrade. Along with the model comparison, we reinvestigate the technique of modified Str\\"omgren photometry to measure reliable parameter-sensitive colours and estimate precise model ages and metallicities. The assessment of Rakos/Schulz models with GALEV and Worthey's Lick/IDS model find smaller colour variation: \\Delta(uz-vz) $\\leq$ 0.056, \\Delta(bz-yz) $\\leq$ -0.05 and \\Delta(vz-yz) $\\leq$ 0.061. The study conveys a good agreement of GALEV models with the modified Str\\"omgren colours but with poor UV model predictions with the observed globular cluster data, while the spectroscopic models perform bad...

  20. Development of the 19 X-STR loci multiplex system and genetic analysis of a Zhejiang Han population in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, XingYi; Wu, WeiWei; Chen, LinLi; Liu, ChangHui; Zhang, XiaoFang; Chen, Ling; Feng, XingLin; Wang, HuiJun; Liu, Chao

    2016-08-01

    The 19 X-STRs multiplex system is a PCR-based amplification kit that facilitates simultaneous amplification of 19 X-chromosomal STR loci (i.e. DXS7423, DXS10148, DXS10159, DXS6809, DXS7424, DXS8378, DXS10164, DXS10162, DXS7132, DXS10079, DXS6789, DXS101, DXS10103,DXS10101, HPTRB, DXS10075, DXS10074, DXS10135, and DXS10134). Eleven loci were extensively used in an Investigator Qiagen Argus X-12 (DXS7423, DXS10148, DXS8378, DXS10162, DXS7132, DXS10079, DXS10103, DXS10101, HPTRB, DXS10074, and DXS10135). In this research, the multiplex system was tested for detection sensitivity, DNA mixtures, inhibitor tolerance and species specificity; SWGDAM Validation Guidelines - Approved December 2012 were followed for the human fluorescent STR multiplex PCR reagent. Samples from 181 unrelated Zhejiang Han individuals (121 males and 60 females) were typed using this multiplex system. The results show that this 19X-STRs multiplex system is a robust and reliable amplification means to facilitate forensic and human identification testing. PMID:27184937

  1. Diversity of five novel Y-STR loci and their application in studies of north Chinese populations

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Zhaoyang Xu; Haiming Sun; Yang Yu; Yan Jin; Xaingning Meng; Donglin Sun; Jing Bai; Feng Chen; Songbin Fu

    2010-04-01

    Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (Y-STRs) show sufficient variability among individuals in a population and high degree of geographical differentiation, so their polymorphic character makes them especially suited for population genetic studies. In this study, five novel Y-STR loci were analysed in 174 samples from five minority populations residing in north China (Daur, Kazak, Xibe, Uighur and Kirgiz) to determine the diversity of these loci in north China and to evaluate their usefulness in population study. Ninety-seven haplotypes were constructed, with 30 in Daur, 24 in Kazak, 28 in Uighur, 27 in Xibe and 16 in Kirgiz. Sixty-six (68.04%) of them were unique. The $R_{\\text{ST}}$ showed that there was no significant difference in Daur and Xibe ($R_{\\text{ST}} = 0.02231$, $P \\gt 0.05$), while among the Kazak, Uighur and Kirgiz, who reside in northwest China, there were significant differences. These results showed that these five Y-STR loci were polymorphic in the five populations. The results of AMOVA showed that majority of the differences were found within populations. By $R_{\\text{ST}}$, the relationships of the five populations were accordance with the historical records: Xibe migrated to Xinjiang during the Qing Dynasty, and Kazak, Uighur and Kirgiz have different ancestors.

  2. Genetic polymorphism of 23 Y-STR loci in the Zhuang minority population in Guangxi of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Haibo; Song, Feng; Zhang, Lushun; Hou, Yiping

    2015-07-01

    In the present study, 23 Y-STR loci (DYS576, DYS389I, DYS389 II, DYS448, DYS19, DYS391, DYS481, DYS549, DYS533, DYS438, DYS437, DYS570, DYS635, DYS390, DYS439, DYS392, DYS393, DYS458 DYS456, DYS643, YGATAH4, and DYS385ab) were investigated in 266 unrelated, healthy autochthonous individuals from the Zhuang minority population residing in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. One hundred and eighty-nine alleles and 245 haplotypes were found in the Zhuang group. Two hundred and twenty-four haplotypes among them were unique, and the remaining 21 haplotypes were found in two individuals. Discrimination capacity was 0.9211. Haplotype diversity was 0.9993 and gene diversity ranged from 0.4173 (DYS437) to 0.9678 (DYS385ab). Populations' differentia was calculated and compared with Tibetan, Bai, Dai, Minnan Han, Beijing Han, Chengdu Han, Xuanwei Han, and Southern Han ethnic groups in China, the Singapore Han population, and the Kinh group from Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, in the same 23 Y-STR loci. Our results showed that these 23 Y-STRs are highly genetically polymorphic in the Zhuang group and can also enrich Chinese ethnic genetic information. PMID:25877764

  3. Interpreting the low-frequency radio spectra of starburst galaxies: a pudding of Strömgren spheres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacki, Brian C.

    2013-06-01

    The low-frequency radio emission of starburst galaxies is informative, but it can be absorbed in several ways. Most importantly, starburst galaxies are home to many H II regions, whose free-free absorption blocks low-frequency radio waves. These H II regions are discrete objects, but most multiwavelength models of starbursts assume a uniform medium of ionized gas, if they include the absorption at all. I calculate the effective absorption coefficient of H II regions in starbursts, which is ultimately a cross-section times the density of H II regions. The cross-sections are calculated by assuming that H II regions are Strömgren spheres. The coefficient asymptotes to a constant value at low frequencies, because H II regions partially cover the starburst and are buried part way into the starburst's synchrotron-emitting material. Considering Strömgren spheres around either OB stars or Super Star Clusters, I demonstrate the method by fitting to the low-frequency radio spectrum of M82. I discuss implications of the results for synchrotron spectrum shape, H II region pressure and free-free emission as a star formation rate indicator. However, these results are preliminary and could be affected by systematics. I argue that there is no volume-filling warm ionized medium in starbursts and that H II regions may be the most important absorption process down to ˜10 MHz. Future data at low and high radio frequency will improve our knowledge of the ionized gas.

  4. Response to Grisedale and Van Daal: comparison of STR profiling from low template DNA extracts with and without the consensus profiling method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kokshoorn Bas

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In a recent contribution to this journal Grisedale and Van Daal concluded that a single STR analysis of all available template DNA is to be preferred over replicate analyses and a consensus approach when analyzing low template DNA samples. A single STR analysis approach does not allow for an assessment of the validity of the resulting DNA profile. We argue that the use of replicate amplifications is the best way to objectively quantify the extent of the stochastic variation in the data. By applying consensus methodology and/or a probabilistic model, the interpretation of the data will therefore be more objective and reliable.

  5. Forensic Application of Expressmarker 22 STR Loci Direct PCR Amplification Kit%Expressmarker 22 STR荧光检测试剂盒的法医学应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹凯南; 曹禹; 夏子芳; 郑卫国; 周怀谷

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the application value of Expressmarker 22 STR loci direct PCR amplification kit. Methods One thousand nine hundred and forty-eight samples (including samples spotted on FTA cards, filter papers and case samples) were tested using Expressmarker 22 STR loci direct PCR amplification kit. At the same time, all were tested using Sinofiler? kit, Identifiler(R) kit and PowerPlex(R) 16 kit respectively for comparison. The genotypes were compared at the same STR loci among these four kits to test the sensitivity and accuracy of Expressmarker 22 STR loci direct PCR amplification kit. Results 97.79% samples were successfully typed using Expressmarker 22 STR loci direct PCR amplification kit. The genotype profiles of the same samples using Expressmarker 22 STR loci direct PCR amplification kit were consistent with Sinofiler? kit, Identifiler(R) kit and PowerPlex(R) 16 kit at the same STR loci. Conclusion Expressmarker 22 STR loci direct PCR amplification kit can provide huge information and accurate results and be applied to forensic DNA genotyping.%目的 验证Expressmarker 22 STR荧光检测试剂盒的法医学应用价值.方法 取FTA卡、滤纸上保存的建库血样和各类涉案生物性检材1948份,用Expressmarker 22 STR荧光检测试剂盒进行STR分型检测,同时采用SinofilerTM、Identifiler(R)、PowerPlex(R) 16试剂盒进行平行试验.对4个试剂盒相同基因座的分型进行比对,以确认Expressmarker 22 STR荧光检测试剂盒的灵敏度和准确性.结果 Expressmarker 22 STR荧光检测试剂盒的检测成功率为97.79%,同一样本在相同基因座与SinofilerTM、Identifiler(R)、PowerPlex(R) 16试剂盒的STR分型结果相同.结论 利用Expressmarker 22 STR荧光检测试剂盒进行STR分型,信息量大、结果准确可靠.可应用于法庭科学.

  6. El subgénero Trigona S. Str. Jurine 1808 (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponinae en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernández Martínez Édgar Javier

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Para Colombia se registran 28 de los 29 taxones descritos para el subgénero Trigona s. str. T. (T. albipennis Almeida, 1992; T. (T. amalthea Olivier, 1789; T. (T. hyalinata var. amazonensis
    Ducke, 1916; T. (T. hyalinata var. branneri Cockerell, 1912; T. (T. chanchamayoënsis Schwarz, 1948; T. (T. cilipes Fabricius, 1804; T. (T. corvina Cockerell, 1913; T. (T. crassipes Fabricius, 1793; T. (T. dallatorreana Friese, 1900; T. (T. dimidiata var. venezuelana Schwarz, 1948; T. (T. dimidiata var. dimidiata F. Smith, 1854; T. (T. ferricauda Cockerell, 1917; T. (T. fulviventris var. fulviventris Guerin, 1835; T. (T. fulviventris var. guianae Cockerell, 1910; T. (T. fuscipennis Friese,
    1900; T. (T. hyalinata var. hyalinata Lepeletier, 1836; T. (T. hypogea Silvestri, 1902; T. (T. mazucatoi Almeida, 1992; T. (T. necrophaga Camargo y Roubik, 1991; T. (T. nigerrima Cresson, 1878; T. (T. pallens Latreille, 1804; T. (T. permodica Almeida, 1992; T. (T. recursa F. Smith, 1863; T. (T. setentrionalis Almeida, 1992; T. (T. silvestriana Vachal, 1908; T. (T. spinipes Fabricius, 1793; T. (T. truculenta Almeida, 1984 y T. (T. williana Friese, 1900. Se reportan por primera vez los machos
    de T. (T. hyalinata var. amazonensis y T. (T. ferricauda los cuales se describirán en un trabajo posterior. Se encontró a T. (T. permodica y T. (T. necrophaga como registros nuevos para el país. El subgénero presenta una amplia distribución geográfica y altitudinal, encontrándose desde los 0 hasta los 2.600 msnm, todas las especies se encuentran en los bosques tropicales de Colombia. Existe una alta concentración de taxones (25 taxones; 89% de los taxones del país en la región del piedemonte llanero entre los departamentos de Cundinamarca, Boyacá y Meta. Se presenta una clave taxonómica ilustrada para separar obreras de las especies neotropicales; con diagnosis, comentarios sobre distribución, taxonomía y hábitos de nidificación de cada una de ellas. Tambi

  7. Behavioral response of dissimilatory perchlorate-reducing bacteria to different electron acceptors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Yvonne; Gustavson, Ruth L; Ali, Nadia; Weber, Karrie A; Westphal, Lacey L; Coates, John D

    2009-10-01

    The response behavior of three dissimilatory perchlorate-reducing bacteria to different electron acceptors (nitrate, chlorate, and perchlorate) was investigated with two different assays. The observed response was species-specific, dependent on the prior growth conditions, and was inhibited by oxygen. We observed attraction toward nitrate when Dechloromonas aromatica strain RCB and Azospira suillum strain PS were grown with nitrate. When D. aromatica and Dechloromonas agitata strain CKB were grown with perchlorate, both responded to nitrate, chlorate, and perchlorate. When A. suillum was grown with perchlorate, the organism responded to chlorate and perchlorate but not nitrate. A gene replacement mutant in the perchlorate reductase subunit (pcrA) of D. aromatica resulted in a loss of the attraction response toward perchlorate but had no impact on the nitrate response. Washed-cell suspension studies revealed that the perchlorate grown cells of D. aromatica reduced both perchlorate and nitrate, while A. suillum cells reduced perchlorate only. Based on these observations, energy taxis was proposed as the underlying mechanism for the responses to (per)chlorate by D. aromatica. To the best of our knowledge, this study represents the first investigation of the response behavior of perchlorate-reducing bacteria to environmental stimuli. It clearly demonstrates attraction toward chlorine oxyanions and the unique ability of these organisms to distinguish structurally analogous compounds, nitrate, chlorate, and perchlorate and respond accordingly. PMID:19533120

  8. Effectiveness of Coupled Application of AmpFℓSTR Yfiler Kit and Reduced Size Y-chromosomal Short Tandem Repeat Analysis for Archeological Human Bones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Chang Seok; Lee, Soong Deok; Shin, Kyoung-Jin; Shin, Dong Hoon

    2016-03-01

    The AmpFℓSTR Yfiler PCR Amplification (Yfiler) kit continues to be improved for a better analytical efficiency in cases of highly degraded DNA. The authors endeavored to determine whether coupling of the Yfiler kit with supplemental multiplex amplification of some Y-STR loci is a more efficient analytical mode for poorly preserved human femurs (n = 15) discovered at Korean archeological sites. To reveal locus profiles not easily obtained by Yfiler analysis, custom-designed primers were adopted for the DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS438, DYS439, and DYS635 loci. The success rate for 16 Y-STR locus profiles obtained from the 15 femurs was improved from 18.33% (in the use of Yfiler kit only) to 49.17% (the coupled use of Yfiler and custom-designed primers). In this study, the authors established that the custom-designed primers offer a markedly improved success rate for obtainment of Y-STR profiles from degraded aDNA not easily identified by sole use of the Yfiler assay. PMID:26375610

  9. Genetic differences among North African Berber and Arab-speaking populations revealed by Y-STR diversity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaibar, Maria; Esteban, Esther; Harich, Nourdin; Kandil, Mostafa; Fernández-Santander, Ana

    2011-03-01

    Y-chromosome STR polymorphisms are inherited in a haploid state which makes them a powerful tool for easy tracing of paternal lineage and for use in human population evolutionary studies. North-African Y chromosomal diversity has traditionally been studied in order to find genetic and geographic associations as well as to test how natural and cultural barriers have affected the degree of genetic flow not only within North Africa but also in a wider Mediterranean context. The degree of Berber/Arab genetic differentiation in the Moroccan population has been tested for a complete set of forensic markers as sixteen Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (STRs) (DYS19, DYS385, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635 and GATA H4.1). The results suggest considerable population heterogeneity in North Africa. PMID:20854231

  10. Haplotype frequencies for 17 Y-STR loci (AmpFlSTRY-filer) in a Moroccan population sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aboukhalid, Rachid; Bouabdellah, Mehdi; Abbassi, Meriame; Bentayebi, Kaoutar; Elmzibri, Mohammed; Squalli, Driss; Amzazi, Saaïd

    2010-04-01

    A sample of 267 unrelated Moroccan males from different ethnic groups (Arabs, Berbers and Sahrawi), was typed for 17 Y-STR loci (DYS19, DYS385, DYS389 I, DYS389 II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, Y GATA H4). Discrimination capacity (96.3%) and haplotype diversity (99.91%) were calculated. A total of 257 haplotypes were identified, of which 237 were unique and 10 were found in two individuals each. DYS385 showed the highest diversity (0.887) followed by DYS458 (0.820) as a single locus marker. PMID:20215021

  11. Assembly of a large Y-STR haplotype database for the Czech population and investigation of its substructure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zastera, Jan; Roewer, Lutz; Willuweit, Sascha; Sekerka, Patrik; Benesova, Lucie; Minarik, Marek

    2010-04-01

    Twelve Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (Y-STR) (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385a, DYS385b, DYS437, DYS438, and DYS439) included in the PowerPlex Y Kit (Promega Corporation, Madison, USA) were studied for 1750 unrelated males living in 14 regions of the Czech Republic. A total of 1148 different haplotypes were found. The overall haplotype diversity (HD) was determined as 0.998. Analysis of Molecular Variance (AMOVA) reveals non-significant distances between regions concerning their haplotype distribution, thus allowing to use the whole sample as a representative reference database of the Czech Republic. Median network analysis shows a remarkable bipartite composition of the Czech haplotypes, falling in distinct clusters with Eastern and Western European roots. PMID:20215022

  12. Multiple stellar populations in the globular cluster M3 (NGC 5272): a Strömgren perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massari, Davide; Lapenna, Emilio; Bragaglia, Angela; Dalessandro, Emanuele; Contreras Ramos, Rodrigo; Amigo, Pía

    2016-06-01

    We present Strömgren photometry of the Galactic Globular Cluster M3 to study its multiple generations phenomenon. The use of different colour-magnitude diagrams (CMDs) and especially of the notoriously efficient cy index allowed us to detect a double red giant branch in the cluster CMD. After decontamination from fore- and background sources, the two sequences turned out to be equally populated. The two components also show a bimodal radial distribution well corresponding to that predicted by numerical simulations for clusters living in an intermediate dynamical evolutive state and with a population with modified chemical composition that was born more centrally concentrated than the primordial. The analysis of high-resolution spectra quantitatively demonstrates that the two detected sequences correspond to the first (Na-poor) generation and the second (Na-rich) generation, thus confirming the importance of synergy between photometry and spectroscopy.

  13. NIKE GOLF STR-8 FIT球杆发表会暨员工专业培训会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    2009年3月13日,NIKE GOLF 2009新品STR-8FIT球杆发表会在深圳沙河球会会所隆重举办。NIKE大中华区总经理黄鸿达、NIKE GOLF中港澳总代理:深圳名将贸易有限公司(MDC)执行董事游国琛以及NIKE GOLF中港澳各经销商及店铺员工亲临现场,共同领略NIKE GOLF可调节式八种杆头位置的一号发球木杆。

  14. Allelic frequencies and statistical data obtained from 15 STR loci in a population of the Goiás State.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieira, T C; Silva, D M; Gigonzac, M A D; Ferreira, V L; Gonçalves, M W; da Cruz, A D

    2013-01-01

    Due to the miscegenation of the Brazilian population, the central region of Brazil was colonized by internal migration of individuals from different origins, who contributed to the genetic diversity existing in this population. The purpose of this study was to estimate population parameters based on the allele frequencies for 15 polymorphic autosomal short-tandem repeat (STR) loci present in the population of the State of Goiás in the central region of Brazil, and to compare the results with those of others from different Brazilian populations. DNA was obtained from a sample of 986 unrelated individuals by a commercial reagent kit and was quantified by spectrometry for later amplification in the thermocycler. These loci, commonly used in forensics and paternity testing, reflected Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in this population. The D18S51 and Penta E loci had the highest number of alleles, while the observed heterozygosity reached the highest rates in FGA (0.920), D7S820 (0.870), and vWA (0.867) markers. Genetic diversity reached the highest levels in Penta E (0.906), Penta D (0.873), and D18S51 (0.860) markers, and the investigated forensic parameters showed high average values, with 93% power of discrimination, polymorphism information content of 78%, gene diversity of 79%, and observed heterozygosity of 79%. Similar to the other populations of Brazil, the population of the Midwest is derived from the admixture of 3 main parental groups: Amerindian, European, particularly Portuguese, and Africans from sub-Saharan Africa. In this context, the overall distribution of allele frequencies in the STR markers of various Brazilian populations is quite similar to the data obtained in this study. PMID:23359020

  15. Analysis of 24 Y chromosomal STR haplotypes in a Chinese Han population sample from Henan Province, Central China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Meisen; Liu, Yaju; Zhang, Juntao; Bai, Rufeng; Lv, Xiaojiao; Ma, Shuhua

    2015-07-01

    We analyzed haplotypes for 24 Y chromosomal STRs (Y-STRs), including 17 Yfiler loci (DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS389I/II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DY438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635 and Y-GATA-H4) and 7 additional STRs (DYS388, DYS444, DYS447, DYS449, DYS522 and DYS527a/b) in 1100 unrelated Chinese Han individuals from Henan Province using AGCU Y24 STR kit systems. The calculated average gene diversity (GD) values ranged from 0.4105 to 0.9647 for the DYS388 and DYS385a/b loci, respectively. The discriminatory capacity (DC) was 72.91% with 802 observed haplotypes using 17 Yfiler loci, by the addition of 7 Y-STRs to the Yfiler system, the DC was increased to 79.09% while showing 870 observed haplotypes. Among the additional 7 Y-STRs, DYS449, DYS527a/b, DYS444 and DYS522 were major contributors to enhancing discrimination. In the analysis of molecular variance, the Henan Han population clustered with Han origin populations and showed significant differences from other Non-Han populations. In the present study, we report 24 Y-STR population data in Henan Han population, and we emphasize the need for adding additional markers to the commonly used 17 Yfiler loci to achieve more improved discriminatory capacity in a population with low genetic diversity. PMID:25864156

  16. Multiple origins for Hound's tongues (Cynoglossum L.) and Navel seeds (Omphalodes Mill.)--the phylogeny of the borage family (Boraginaceae s.str.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weigend, Maximilian; Luebert, Federico; Selvi, Federico; Brokamp, Grischa; Hilger, Hartmut H

    2013-09-01

    Recent studies all indicated that both the affinities and subdivision of Boraginaceae s.str. are unsatisfactorily resolved. Major open issues are the placement and affinities of Boraginaceae s.str. in Boraginales and the major clades of the family, with especially the large tribes Cynoglosseae and Eritrichieae repeatedly retrieved as non-monophyletic groups, and the doubtful monophyly of several larger genera, especially Cynoglossum and Omphalodes. The present study addresses and solves these questions using two plastid markers (trnL-trnF, rps16) on the basis of a sampling including 16 outgroup taxa and 172 ingroup species from 65 genera. The phylogeny shows high statistical support for most nodes on the backbone and on the individual clades. Boraginaceae s.str. are sister to African Wellstediaceae, Wellstediaceae-Boraginaceae s.str. is sister to African Codonaceae. Echiochileae are retrieved as sister to the remainder of Boraginaceae s.str., which, in turn, fall into two major clades, the Boragineae-Lithospermeae (in a well-supported sister relationship) and the Cynoglosseae s.l. (including Eritrichieae). Cynoglosseae s.l. is highly resolved, with Trichodesmeae (incl. Microcaryum, Lasiocaryum) as sister to the remainder of the group. Eritrichieae s.str. (Eritrichium, Hackelia, Lappula) are resolved on a poorly supported polytomy together with the Omphalodes-clade (incl. Myosotidium, Cynoglossum p.p.), and the Mertensia-clade (incl. O. scorpioides, Asperugo). The Myosotideae (Myosotis, Trigonotis, Pseudomertensia) are retrieved in a well-supported sister-relationship to the core-Cynoglosseae, the latter comprising all other genera sampled. Cynoglossum is retrieved as highly para- and polyphyletic, with a large range of generic segregates embedded in Cynoglossum, but other species of Cynoglossum are sister to Microula or to the American "Eritrichieae" (Cryptantha and allied genera). Representatives of the genus Cynoglossum in its current definition are segregated

  17. 利用10个STR-DNA的多态性进行警犬亲子鉴定%Identification of Police Dog Parentage Based on Ten STR-DNA Polymorphisms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶俊华; 麻俊武; 杨前勇; 马长书; 郭源梅; 徐黎; 黄路生

    2005-01-01

    采用多重PCR和四色荧光(5′FAM、JOE、NED和ROX)自动化检测技术调查中国警犬种犬PEZ1、FHC2054、FHC2010、PEZ5、PEZ20、PEZ12、PEZ3、PEZ6、PEZ8和FHC2079等10个STR基因座多态性,并计算该10个基因座的等位基因频率(P)、杂合度(H)、多态信息含量(PIC)和非父排除率(PE).实验警犬为7个品种269头种犬.结果显示该10个STR位点的非父排除率(PE)为99.728 7%、个体识别力(DP)为99.999 1%.共调查了7个品种的11个家系48头犬的10个STR基因座上的基因型,建立了警犬STR-DNA亲子鉴定方法.

  18. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Palmyra Atoll, Pacific Remote Island Areas; Long: -162.12724, Lat: 05.89642 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 10.40m; Data Date Range: 20100408-20100724.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  19. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Kingman Reef, Pacific Remote Island Areas; Long: -162.34221, Lat: 06.39242 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 7.00m; Data Date Range: 20100414-20120512.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  20. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Howland Island, Pacific Remote Island Areas; Long: -176.62153, Lat: 00.80646 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 19.80m; Data Date Range: 20100203-20120312.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  1. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Aguijan (Goat Is.), Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; Long: 145.53723, Lat: 14.84772 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 8.23m; Data Date Range: 20090411-20110503.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  2. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Ta'u, American Samoa; Long: -169.44661, Lat: -14.25075 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 6.10m; Data Date Range: 20100313-20120423.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  3. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Asuncion Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; Long: 145.41759, Lat: 19.69982 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 12.19m; Data Date Range: 20090424-20110414.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  4. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Alamagan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; Long: 145.81873, Lat: 17.58746 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 7.01m; Data Date Range: 20090504-20110423.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  5. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Palmyra Atoll, Pacific Remote Island Areas; Long: -162.12811, Lat: 05.89639 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 11.30m; Data Date Range: 20100408-20110823.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  6. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Rota, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; Long: 145.20684, Lat: 14.18285 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 10.97m; Data Date Range: 20090410-20110502.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  7. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Guguan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; Long: 145.83143, Lat: 17.30733 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 6.71m; Data Date Range: 20090505-20110423.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  8. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Agrihan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; Long: 145.64871, Lat: 18.80751 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 14.33m; Data Date Range: 20090502-20110420.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  9. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Tinian, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; Long: 145.65074, Lat: 15.03549 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 5.79m; Data Date Range: 20090412-20110503.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  10. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Palmyra Atoll, Pacific Remote Island Areas; Long: -162.04511, Lat: 05.87030 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 1.50m; Data Date Range: 20100412-20120509.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  11. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Ofu and Olosega Islands, American Samoa; Long: -169.68165, Lat: -14.17370 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 8.20m; Data Date Range: 20100310-20120426.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  12. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; Long: 145.72255, Lat: 15.23748 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 5.79m; Data Date Range: 20090414-20110406.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  13. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Kingman Reef, Pacific Remote Island Areas; Long: -162.43914, Lat: 06.41887 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 33.50m; Data Date Range: 20100417-20120509.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  14. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Kingman Reef, Pacific Remote Island Areas; Long: -162.35927, Lat: 06.38269 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 6.70m; Data Date Range: 20100417-20120511.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  15. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Kingman Reef, Pacific Remote Island Areas; Long: -162.37972, Lat: 06.43323 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 7.90m; Data Date Range: 20100416-20120510.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  16. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Kingman Reef, Pacific Remote Island Areas; Long: -162.38178, Lat: 06.42893 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 5.20m; Data Date Range: 20100415-20120511.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  17. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Maug, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; Long: 145.20750, Lat: 20.02332 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 17.07m; Data Date Range: 20090429-20110419.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  18. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; Long: 145.76970, Lat: 15.15611 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 14.63m; Data Date Range: 20090420-20110408.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  19. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Rose Atoll, American Samoa; Long: -168.16020, Lat: -14.55127 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 2.70m; Data Date Range: 20100304-20120418.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  20. CRED Subsurface Temperature Recorder (STR); Sarigan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; Long: 145.76788, Lat: 16.71059 (WGS84); Sensor Depth: 5.79m; Data Date Range: 20090421-20110410.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data from Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Subsurface Temperature Recorders (STR) provide a time series...

  1. [Phylogeny of the genus Lophozia (Dumort.) Dumort. s. str. inferred from nuclear and chloroplast sequences ITS1-2 and TRNL-F].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vil'net, A A; Miliutina, I A; Konstantinova, N A; Ignatov, M S; Troitskiĭ, A V

    2007-11-01

    Maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood phylogenetic trees were constructed for 21 taxa of Lophozia s. str. and the related genera, Schistochilopsis (5 species), Protolophozia elongate, and Obtusifolium obtusum based on pooled nuclear ITS 1-2 and chloroplast trnL-F DNA sequences. The trees were characterized by similar topology. It was demonstrated that the genus Lophozia s. str. was monophyletic, excluding L. sudetica, which deserved isolation into a distinct cryptic genus. The species distribution among the clades disagreed with the sections distinguished based on anatomical and morphological data. The relationships within the genus Schistochilopsis were consistent with the sectioning of the genus, based on morphological characters. Analysis of molecular data provided more precise definition of the systematic position of a number of taxa. Small genetic divergence of geographically distant forms was demonstrated. PMID:18186195

  2. Allele frequencies and population data for 17 Y-STR loci (The AmpFlSTR® Y-filer™) in Casablanca resident population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laouina, Adil; El Houate, Brahim; Yahia, Hakima; Azeddoug, Houssine; Boulouiz, Redouane; Chbel, Faiza

    2011-01-01

    Allele frequencies and population data for 17 Y-STR loci included in the AmpFlSTR® Y-filer™ PCR amplification kit (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, USA), that permit the simultaneous amplification of all the markers included in the actually used European "extended haplotype", DYS19, DYS189I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385I/II, DYS438, DYS439 and also DYS437, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635 and Y GATA H4, were obtained from a sample of 166 healthy unrelated males resident in Casablanca (from Morocco). A total of 166 haplotypes were identified, of which 142 were unique. The overall haplotype diversity for the 17 Y-STR loci reached 0.9974, and a discrimination capacity was 0.855. We report some non-standard situations, including duplications and microvariant alleles. PMID:21126935

  3. Floods and floodplain changes of the River Morava, the Strážnické Pomoraví region (Czech Republic) over the past 130 years

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Brázdil, R.; Máčka, Z.; Řezníčková, L.; Soukalová, E.; Dobrovolný, P.; Grygar, Tomáš

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 56, č. 7 (2011), s. 1166-1185. ISSN 0262-6667 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAAX00130801 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : flood * flood plain change * channel change * anabranching system * Strážnické Pomoraví * River Morava Subject RIV: DA - Hydrology ; Limnology Impact factor: 1.541, year: 2011

  4. Spatial and temporal re-distribution of Naididae (tubificoid naidids and naidids s.str., Annelida, Clitellata) in Europe due to climate change: a review based on observational data.

    OpenAIRE

    Verdonschot, P. F. M.

    2007-01-01

    Temperature is one of the most important factors affecting the life history characteristics and biogeography of aquatic oligochaetes in the family Naididae (both the tubificoid Naididae and the Naididae s.str. species). To understand the effect on oligochaetes of climate change in The Netherlands, the impact of temperature rise on tubificoid naidids and naidids s.str. is studied at temporal and spatial scale. The spatial scale includes the temperature change induced shift of biogeographic dis...

  5. Performance testing of a semi-automatic card punch system, using direct STR profiling of DNA from blood samples on FTA™ cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogden, Samantha J; Horton, Jeffrey K; Stubbs, Simon L; Tatnell, Peter J

    2015-01-01

    The 1.2 mm Electric Coring Tool (e-Core™) was developed to increase the throughput of FTA(™) sample collection cards used during forensic workflows and is similar to a 1.2 mm Harris manual micro-punch for sampling dried blood spots. Direct short tandem repeat (STR) DNA profiling was used to compare samples taken by the e-Core tool with those taken by the manual micro-punch. The performance of the e-Core device was evaluated using a commercially available PowerPlex™ 18D STR System. In addition, an analysis was performed that investigated the potential carryover of DNA via the e-Core punch from one FTA disc to another. This contamination study was carried out using Applied Biosystems AmpflSTR™ Identifiler™ Direct PCR Amplification kits. The e-Core instrument does not contaminate FTA discs when a cleaning punch is used following excision of discs containing samples and generates STR profiles that are comparable to those generated by the manual micro-punch. PMID:25407399

  6. Türkiyede y kromozomuna özgü 12 STR lokusu polimorfizmi incelenmesi ve haplotip sıklığının belirlenmesi

    OpenAIRE

    RUSTAMOV, Aydın

    2006-01-01

    Türkiye'de Y Kromozomuna Özgü 12 STR Lokusu Polimorfizmiİncelenmesi ve Haplotip Sıklığının Belirlenmesiİnsan Y-kromozom STR alel sıklıklarının belirlenmesi, dağılımı ve buna bağlı olarak haplotipanalizleri, insan evrimi sırasında gen göçünün arştırılması ve takibinde, erkekler tarafındangerçekleştirilen adli olayların aydınlatılmasında ve babalık tayinlerinde (erkek çocuklar için)gün geçtikçe artan oranda önemli rol oynamaya başlamıştır. Otozomal STR'lerden farklıolarak g...

  7. 利用10个STR-DNA的多态性进行警犬亲子鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶俊华; 杨前勇; 马长书; 徐黎; 麻俊武; 郭源梅; 黄路生

    2005-01-01

    采用多重PCR和四色荧光(5’FAM、JOE、NED和ROX)自动化检测技术调查中国警犬种犬PEZ1、FHC2054、FHC2010、PEZ5、PEZ20、PEZ12、PEZ3、PEZ6、PEZ8和FHC2079 等10个STR基因座多态性,并计算该10个基因座的等位基因频率(P)、杂合度(H)、多态信息含量(PIC)和非父排除率(PE)。实验警犬为7个品种269头种犬。结果显示该10个STR位点的非父排除率(PE)为99.7287%、个体识别力(DP)为99.9991%。共调查了7个品种的11个家系48头犬的10个STR基因座上的基因型,建立了警犬 STR-DNA亲子鉴定方法。

  8. Genome-wide identification of transcriptional start sites in the plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato str. DC3000.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melanie J Filiatrault

    Full Text Available RNA-Seq has provided valuable insights into global gene expression in a wide variety of organisms. Using a modified RNA-Seq approach and Illumina's high-throughput sequencing technology, we globally identified 5'-ends of transcripts for the plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato str. DC3000. A substantial fraction of 5'-ends obtained by this method were consistent with results obtained using global RNA-Seq and 5'RACE. As expected, many 5'-ends were positioned a short distance upstream of annotated genes. We also captured 5'-ends within intergenic regions, providing evidence for the expression of un-annotated genes and non-coding RNAs, and detected numerous examples of antisense transcription, suggesting additional levels of complexity in gene regulation in DC3000. Importantly, targeted searches for sequence patterns in the vicinity of 5'-ends revealed over 1200 putative promoters and other regulatory motifs, establishing a broad foundation for future investigations of regulation at the genomic and single gene levels.

  9. Developmental Validation of a novel 5 dye Y-STR System comprising the 27 YfilerPlus loci.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Rufeng; Liu, Yaju; Li, Zheng; Jin, Haiying; Tian, Qinghua; Shi, Meisen; Ma, Shuhua

    2016-01-01

    In this study, a new STRtyper-27 system, including the same Yfiler Plus loci (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385a/b, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, Y-GATA H4, DYS449, DYS460, DYS481, DYS518, DYS533, DYS570, DYS576, DYS627 and DYF387S1a/b), was established using a set of 5 fluorescent dye labels. Primers, internal size standard, allelic ladders and matrix standard set were designed and created in-house for this multiplex system. This paper describes the validation studies conducted with the STRtyper-27Y system using a 3130XL genetic analyzer for fragment length detection that included the analysis of the following parameters and aspects: sensitivity, species specificity, inhibition, haplotype concordance, precision, stutter, DNA mixtures, and stability studies with crime scene samples. The studies demonstrated, that the STRtyper-27Y system provided equivalent overall performance comparable to the latest Yfiler Plus kit, but with enhanced compatibility in terms of instrument platforms and software allowing forensic laboratories to conduct its forensic application and evaluate its performance, all in their own 5 dye Y-STR chemistry system /environment without software or instrument upgrades. PMID:27406339

  10. Haplotype diversity of 17 Y-STR loci in a Chinese Han population sample from Shanxi Province, Northern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Rufeng; Zhang, Zhong; Liang, Quanzeng; Lu, Di; Yuan, Li; Yang, Xue; Shi, Mei sen

    2013-01-01

    The distribution of 17 Y-chromosome STR loci DYS456, DYS389I, DYS390, DYS389II, DYS458, DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS393, DYS391, DYS439, DYS635, DYS392, Y-GATA-H4, DYS437, DYS438, and DYS448 haplotypes was determined in a population sample of 222 unrelated Chinese Han from Shanxi Province, Northern China. A total of 219 haplotypes were observed, and of these, 216 were unique, while 3 were found two times. The overall haplotype diversity was 0.9999 and the discrimination capacity was 0.9865, indicating a high potential for differentiating between male individuals in this population. Comparison analysis via Analysis of Molecular Variance (AMOVA) and construction of MDS plot revealed that Shanxi Han sample clusters with Chinese origin populations and stands far apart of the non-Chinese populations, justifying the establishment of local databases in Shanxi Han population for any future forensic and genetic epidemiology efforts in this region. PMID:23116721

  11. The Y-STR genetic diversity of an Idaho Basque population, with comparison to European Basques and US Caucasians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zubizarreta, Josu; Davis, Michael C; Hampikian, Greg

    2011-12-01

    Fifty unrelated Basque males from southwest Idaho were typed for the 17 Y-STR loci in the Yfiler multiplex kit (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, YGATA H4.1 and DYS385a/b). In total, 42 haplotypes were identified, with no more than two individuals sharing a single haplotype. The haplotype diversity (HD) was 0.9935, and gene diversity (D) over loci was 0.457 ± 0.137. The Idaho Basque population was compared to the source population from the Basque autonomous region of Northern Spain and Southern France, as well as a United States Caucasian population. The haplotype diversity for the immigrant Basque sample is within 0.4% of the haplotype diversity of the European Basques (0.9903); thus the power of discrimination is similar for each population. The Idaho Basque population has less diversity in 9 out of 16 loci (considering DYS385a/b together) and 3% less diversity across all loci, compared to the European Basque population. A multidimensional scaling analysis (MDS) was created using pairwise R(ST) values to compare the Idaho Basques to other populations. Based upon R(ST) and F(ST) measures, no significant differentiation was found between the Idaho and source European Basque population. PMID:22276968

  12. Population genetics of 17 Y-STR loci in a large Chinese Han population from Zhejiang Province, Eastern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Weiwei; Pan, Lipeng; Hao, Honglei; Zheng, Xiaoting; Lin, Jinfeng; Lu, Dejian

    2011-01-01

    Seventeen Y-STRs (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385a, DYS385b, DYS438, DYS439, DYS437, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635 and YGATAH4) were analyzed for 4451 Chinese Han unrelated males from Zhejiang Province, Eastern China, with the AmpFlSTR Yfiler™ PCR Amplification kit. A total of 3389 different haplotypes was identified, of which 2877 were unique and 512 repeatedly found among different individuals. The overall haplotype diversity (HD) and discrimination capacity (DC) were 0.999696 and 0.761402, respectively. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) tests demonstrated that genetic distance between Zhejiang Han and most Chinese Han populations is closer than that between Zhejiang Han and non-Han populations. This study provides information for the application of Y-chromosomal STRs to forensic identification, indicating that the extended genotyping of Y-STRs is needed for forensic practice. PMID:20457064

  13. Serum Levels of MicroRNA-206 and Novel Mini-STR Assays for Carrier Detection in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anaya-Segura, Mónica Alejandra; Rangel-Villalobos, Héctor; Martínez-Cortés, Gabriela; Gómez-Díaz, Benjamín; Coral-Vázquez, Ramón Mauricio; Zamora-González, Edgar Oswaldo; García, Silvia; López-Hernández, Luz Berenice

    2016-01-01

    Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked neuromuscular disorder in which the detection of female carriers is of the utmost importance for genetic counseling. Haplotyping with polymorphic markers and quantitation of creatine kinase levels (CK) allow tracking of the at-risk haplotype and evidence muscle damage, respectively. Such approaches are useful for carrier detection in cases of unknown mutations. The lack of informative markers and the inaccuracy of CK affect carrier detection. Therefore, herein we designed novel mini-STR (Short Tandem Repeats) assays to amplify 10 loci within the DMD gene and estimated allele frequencies and the polymorphism information content among other parameters in 337 unrelated individuals from three Mexican populations. In addition, we tested the utility of the assays for carrier detection in three families. Moreover, given that serum levels of miR-206 discern between DMD patients and controls with a high area under the curve (AUC), the potential applicability for carrier detection was assessed. The serum levels of miR-206 of non-carriers (n = 24) and carriers (n = 23) were compared by relative quantitation using real-time PCR (p < 0.05), which resulted in an AUC = 0.80 in the Receiver Operating Characteristic curve analysis. In conclusion, miR-206 has potential as a "liquid biopsy" for carrier detection and genetic counseling in DMD. PMID:27529242

  14. Y-STR haplotype diversity and population data for Central Brazil: implications for environmental forensics and paternity testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieira, T C; Gigonzac, M A D; Silva, D M; Rodovalho, R G; Santos, G S; da Cruz, A D

    2014-01-01

    The central region of Brazil was colonized by internal migration of individuals of different origins, who contributed to the genetic diversity existing in this population. This study determined the allele frequencies and haplotype diversity of Y-STRs in Goiás State, Central Brazil, and compared the data obtained with a sample of the Brazilian population, consisting of individuals from the five geographical regions of Brazil. A total of 353 males were typed for 12 Y-chromosome short tandem repeat (Y-STR) markers. We selected males who had no degree of relatedness, from the five mesoregions of Goiás State. DNA was extracted from blood samples followed by the amplification of the 12 Y-chromosome loci. The products were analyzed to obtain the allele profiles on an ABI3500 automated sequencer using the Gene Mapper software. Allele frequencies and haplotype diversity were estimated by direct counting, and gene diversity for each locus was computed using the Arlequin software. The results are consistent with the history of miscegenation of the population of Central Brazil, in which we observed 321 different haplotypes. The average gene diversity at the 12 loci was 0.645. DYS385b and DYS389I showed the highest (0.704) and lowest (0.520) genetic diversity values, respectively. The FST value between the Brazilian and Goiás populations was 0.00951, showing no statistical significance. The results of this study allowed the establishment of haplotypes found in the forensic samples of Goiás State serving as a reference in the elucidation of criminal cases and paternity tests, as well as population and evolutionary inferences. PMID:24841785

  15. Retrospective genetic study of germinative mutations in Str loci of individuals potentially exposed to ionizing radiation;Estudo genetico retrospectivo de mutacoes germinativas em Loci Str de individuos potencialmente expostos a radiacao ionizante

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costa, Emilia Oliveira Alves

    2010-07-01

    21S11 loeus and 03 mutations on FGA loeus, comprising a total of 11 mutations and a mutation rate of 0.008. In such context, we did not find significant differences (p= 0.15), indicating a possible exposure effect on the mutation rates of the STR loci, in the group accidentally exposed to Cesium-137. (author)

  16. Separation of uncompromised whole blood mixtures for single source STR profiling using fluorescently-labeled human leukocyte antigen (HLA) probes and fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dean, Lee; Kwon, Ye Jin; Philpott, M Katherine; Stanciu, Cristina E; Seashols-Williams, Sarah J; Dawson Cruz, Tracey; Sturgill, Jamie; Ehrhardt, Christopher J

    2015-07-01

    Analysis of biological mixtures is a significant problem for forensic laboratories, particularly when the mixture contains only one cell type. Contributions from multiple individuals to biologic evidence can complicate DNA profile interpretation and often lead to a reduction in the probative value of DNA evidence or worse, its total loss. To address this, we have utilized an analytical technique that exploits the intrinsic immunological variation among individuals to physically separate cells from different sources in a mixture prior to DNA profiling. Specifically, we applied a fluorescently labeled antibody probe to selectively bind to one contributor in a mixture through allele-specific interactions with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) proteins that are expressed on the surfaces of most nucleated cells. Once the contributor's cells were bound to the probe, they were isolated from the mixture using fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS)-a high throughput technique for separating cell populations based on their optical properties-and then subjected to STR analysis. We tested this approach on two-person and four-person whole blood mixtures where one contributor possessed an HLA allele (A*02) that was not shared by other contributors to the mixture. Results showed that hybridization of the mixture with a fluorescently-labeled antibody probe complimentary to the A*02 allele's protein product created a cell population with a distinct optical profile that could be easily differentiated from other cells in the mixture. After sorting the cells with FACS, genetic analysis showed that the STR profile of this cell population was consistent with that of the contributor who possessed the A*02 allele. Minor peaks from the A*02 negative contributor(s) were observed but could be easily distinguished from the profile generated from A*02 positive cells. Overall, this indicates that HLA antibody probes coupled to FACS may be an effective approach for generating STR profiles of

  17. Developmental validation of the Yfiler(®) Plus PCR Amplification Kit: An enhanced Y-STR multiplex for casework and database applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gopinath, Siddhita; Zhong, Chang; Nguyen, Vivian; Ge, Jianye; Lagacé, Robert E; Short, Marc L; Mulero, Julio J

    2016-09-01

    Y-chromosomal loci have proven useful in solving investigations where low levels of male DNA are present in a high female DNA background. An intrinsic limitation of Y-STRs compared with autosomal STRs is a reduced power of discrimination due to a lack of recombination throughout most of the Y-chromosome. Thus, in an effort to increase the power of discrimination we have developed a new 6-dye, 27-plex Y-STR system that includes the 17 loci from the Yfiler(®) and Yfiler(®) Direct kits (DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS389I/II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635 (Y GATA C4), and Y GATA H4) plus three highly polymorphic Y-STR loci (DYS460, DYS481, and DYS533), and seven rapidly mutating Y-STR loci (DYF387S1a/b, DYS449, DYS518, DYS570, DYS576, DYS627) which allow for improved discrimination of related individuals. The Yfiler(®) Plus PCR Amplification Kit is a dual application assay designed to amplify DNA from extracted casework and database samples from storage cards and swab lysates via direct amplification. Compared to the Yfiler PCR Amplification Kit, the new multiplex shows increased discrimination of male lineages and also improved performance in inhibited samples, improved balance in male DNA samples mixed with female DNA at ratios >1:1000, and faster time to results. The Yfiler Plus Kit shows very high concordance to the Yfiler Kit but discordance with the PowerPlex(®) Y23 Kit at the DYS481 locus was observed in 2 out of 30 samples tested. This developmental validation work follows the SWGDAM guidelines and demonstrates that the assay is robust and suitable for use on forensic casework and database samples. PMID:27459350

  18. Studie av subsynkron interaktion (SSTI) mellan ett HVDC system med spänningsstyva strömriktare och en närliggande generator

    OpenAIRE

    Pålsson, Rolf

    2006-01-01

    Syftet med examensarbetet är att studera den subsynkrona interaktionen (subsynchronous torsional interaktion, SSTI) mellan ett HVDC system med spänningsstyva strömriktare och en närliggande generator. Studien utförs med hjälp av datorsimuleringar och fokuserar på att studera dämpkaraktäristiken för SSTI. Studien ska visa hur faktorer såsom den överförda effektens storlek och riktning, vald driftmod och kraftsystemets kortslutningseffekt påverkar dämpkaraktäristiken. Rapporten beskriver subsyn...

  19. Rörliga bilder säger mer än tusen ord : Användning av strömmande media (video) på kommunala hemsidor

    OpenAIRE

    Diaz, German

    2008-01-01

    I min studie har jag undersökt hur strömmande media (video) används på Umeå kommuns webbsida. Dessutom har jag analyserat och jämfört hur sex kommuner i Sverige använder rörliga bilder på sina kommunala hemsidor. De sex kommuner som jag har valt att studera har som gemensamt drag att samtliga sänder respektive kommunfullmäktige live med hjälp av strömmande video. Slutligen diskuterar jag orsaken till att kommunala hemsidor använder strömmande media i liten skala och drar några slutsatser som ...

  20. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U15884-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available P000089 |pid:none) Dechloromonas aromatica RCB, co... 36 3.5 CP000740_763( CP000740 |pid:none) Sinorhizobium med...is vinifera contig VV78X149785.4, whole genome... 46 3.3 1 ( AC147365 ) Medicago ...onas palustris HaA2, complete genome. Length = 174 Score = 98.6 bits (244), Expect = 4e-19 Iden... Contig length 1300 Chromosome number (1..6, M) 4 Chromosome length...... 38 0.29 2 ( DN080300 ) JGI_CABD12377.fwd NIH_XGC_tropLun1 Xenopus (Silur... 38 0.29 2 ( AC208397 ) Macaca mulatta chromosome

  1. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U16008-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available g_GS-31-01-01-1... 38 6.3 2 ( BD429000 ) Method and nucleic acids for pharmacogenomic meth... 38 6.5 3 ( ...) Oryza sativa (japonica cultivar-gr... 74 1e-11 S62402( S62402 ;T38357)major facilitator family protein...tyon phaeoclathratiforme... 43 3e-04 AP007255_1065( AP007255 |pid:none) Magnetospirillum magnetic...re E Sequences producing significant alignments: (bits) Value N ( AU284636 ) Dictyostelium discoideum gamete cDNA clone...) Dechloromonas aromatica RCB, co... 39 0.003 AL365317_1( AL365317 |pid:none) Mouse DNA sequence from clone

  2. Monitorování návštěvníků webových stránek

    OpenAIRE

    Jelič, Martin

    2011-01-01

    Práce se zabývá webovou analytikou, jejími pojmy, principy, souvisejícími problémy a jejich řešením. Je zde zevrubně popsáno několik existujících nástrojů pro webovou analytiku. Těžištěm práce je návrh a implementace nového nástroje, který umožňuje monitorovat provoz na webových stránkách a vyhodnocovat údaje za účelem řízení internetových projektů. V rámci práce jsou prezentovány výsledky testování nástroje v reálném provozu a jejich srovnání s existujícími nástroji, od kterých se nový nástr...

  3. Homozygosity mapping in albinism patients using a novel panel of 13 STR markers inside the nonsyndromic OCA genes: introducing 5 novel mutations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khordadpoor-Deilamani, Faravareh; Akbari, Mohammad Taghi; Karimipoor, Morteza; Javadi, Gholam Reza

    2016-05-01

    Albinism is a heterogeneous genetic disorder of melanin synthesis that results in hypopigmented hair, skin and eyes. It is associated with decreased visual acuity, nystagmus, strabismus and photophobia. Six genes are known to be involved in nonsyndromic oculocutaneous albinism (OCA). In this study, we aimed to find the disease causing mutations in albinism patients using homozygosity mapping. Twenty three unrelated patients with nonsyndromic OCA or autosomal recessive ocular albinism were recruited in this study. All of the patients' parents had consanguineous marriage and all were screened for TYR mutations previously. At first, we performed homozygosity mapping using fluorescently labeled primers to amplify a novel panel of 13 STR markers inside the OCA genes and then the screened loci in each family were studied using PCR and cycle sequencing methods. We found five mutations including three mutations in OCA2, one mutation in SLC45A2 and one mutation in C10ORF11 genes, all of which were novel. In cases where the disease causing mutations are identical by descent due to a common ancestor, these STR markers can enable us to screen for the responsible genes. PMID:26818737

  4. Styrmir Gunnarsson: Í köldu stríði – Vinátta og barátta á átakatímum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valur Freyr Steinarsson

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Í umsögn gagnrýnenda kemur meðal annars eftirfarandi fram: Að mati þess sem hér rýnir er þörf á því að fara betur ofan í saumana á samskiptum Íslendinga við Bandaríkjamenn á tímum kalda stríðsins. Og verður því að taka undir það með bókarhöfundinn að kannski er núna þegar nokkuð er liðið síðan því lauk loksins kominn tími til þess að skoða kalda stríðið á Íslandi frá öllum hliðum.

  5. Y chromosome haplotype diversity in Mongolic-speaking populations and gene conversion at the duplicated STR DYS385a,b in haplogroup C3-M407.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malyarchuk, Boris A; Derenko, Miroslava; Denisova, Galina; Woźniak, Marcin; Rogalla, Urszula; Dambueva, Irina; Grzybowski, Tomasz

    2016-06-01

    Y chromosome microsatellite (Y-STR) diversity has been studied in different Mongolic-speaking populations from South Siberia, Mongolia, North-East China and East Europe. The results obtained indicate that the Mongolic-speaking populations clustered into two groups, with one group including populations from eastern part of South Siberia and Central Asia (the Buryats, Barghuts and Khamnigans) and the other group including populations from western part of Central Asia and East Europe (the Mongols and Kalmyks). High frequency of haplogroup C3-M407 (>50%) is present in the Buryats, Barghuts and Khamnigans, whereas in the Mongols and Kalmyks its frequency is much lower. In addition, two allelic combinations in DYS385a,b loci of C3-M407 haplotypes have been observed: the combination 11,18 (as well as 11,17 and 11,19) is frequent in different Mongolic-speaking populations, but the 11,11 branch is present mainly in the Kalmyks and Mongols. Results of locus-specific sequencing suggest that the action of gene conversion is a more likely explanation for origin of homoallelic 11,11 combination. Moreover, analysis of median networks of Y-STR haplotypes demonstrates that at least two gene conversion events can be revealed-one of them has probably occurred among the Mongols, and the other event occurred in the Barghuts. These two events give an average gene conversion rate range of 0.24-7.1 × 10(-3) per generation. PMID:26911356

  6. Allele and haplotype diversity of new multiplex of 19 ChrX-STR loci in Han population from Guanzhong region (China).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yu-Dang; Shen, Chun-Mei; Meng, Hao-Tian; Guo, Yu-Xin; Dong, Qian; Yang, Guang; Yan, Jiang-Wei; Liu, Yao-Shun; Mei, Ting; Huang, Rui-Zhe; Zhu, Bo-Feng

    2016-07-01

    X-chromosomal short tandem repeats (X-STRs) have been proved to be useful for some deficiency paternity cases in recent years. Here, we studied the genetic polymorphisms of 19 X-STR loci (DXS10148-DXS10135-DXS8378, DXS10159-DXS10162-DXS10164, DXS7132-DXS10079-DXS10074-DXS10075, DXS6809-DXS6789, DXS7424-DXS101, DXS10103-HPRTB-DXS10101 and DXS7423-DXS10134) in 252 male and 222 female individuals from Guanzhong Han population, China. No deviation for all 19 loci was observed from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The polymorphism information content values of the panel of 19 loci were more than 0.5 with the exception of the locus DXS7423. The combined power of discrimination were 0.9999999999999999999994340 in females and 0.9999999999997662 in males, respectively; and the combined mean exclusion chances were 0.999999993764 in duos and 0.999999999997444 in trios, respectively. The haplotype diversities for all the seven clusters of linked loci were more than 0.9. The results showed that the panel of 19 X-STR loci were powerful for forensic applications in Guanzhong Han population. Locus by locus population comparisons showed significant differences at more than seven loci between Guanzhong Han population and the groups from North America, Europe and Africa. PMID:27063464

  7. Genetic Polymorphisms of 21 Non-CODIS STR Loci%21个非CODIS STR基因座的遗传多态性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵伟波; 张素华; 李莉

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate genetic polymorphisms of 21 non-CODIS STR loci in Han population from the east of China and to explore their forensic application value. Methods Twenty-one non-CODIS STR loci, were amplified with AGCU 21+1 STR kit and DNA samples were obtained from 225 unrelated individuals of the Hah population from the east of China. The PCR products were analyzed with 3130 Genetic Analyzer and genotyped with GeneMapper ID v3.2 software. The genetic data were statistically analyzed with PowerStats vl2.xls and Cervus 2.0 software. Results The distributions of 21 non-CODIS STR loci satisfied the Hardy-Weinberg equilibration. The heterozygosity (H) distributions were 0.596-0.804, the diserimination power (DP) were 0.764-0.948, the probability of exclusion of duo-testing (PEduo) were 0.1760.492, the probability of exclusion of trios-testing (PEso) were 0.334-0.663, and the polymorphic information content (PIC) were 0.522-0.807. The cumulative probability of exclusion (CPE) of duo-testing was 0.999 707, the CPE of trios-testing was 0.999 9994, and the cumulated discrimination power (CDP) was 0.99999999999999999994. Conclusion Twenty-one non-CODIS STR loci are highly polymorphie. They can be effectively used in personal identification and paternity testing in trios cases. They can also be used as supplement in the difficult cases of diad paternity testing.%目的 调查华东汉族人群21个非CODIS STR基因座的遗传多态性并评价其法医学应用价值.方法 用AGCU 21+1 STR试剂盒,对华东地区汉族225个无关个体的21个非CODIS STR基因座进行扩增,用3130遗传分析仪检测扩增产物,GeneMapper ID v3.2软件进行分型,采用PowerStats v12.xls和Cervus 2.0分析软件计算常用法医遗传学参数.结果 21个非CODIS STR基因座的频率分布在本组人群中均符合Hardy-Weinberg平衡.杂合度分布为0.596~0.804,个体识别率为0.764~0.948,二联体非父排除率(PEduo)为0.176~0.492,三

  8. Multiple Scales in Fluid Dynamics and Meteorology: The DFG Priority Programme 1276 MetStröm

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Larcher, Th; Klein, R.

    2012-04-01

    -temporal grid adaptivity get invoked in order to further improve the net efficiency in exploiting the given computational resources. In the setting of geophysical flow simulation one must then employ subgrid scale parameterizations that dynamically adapt to the changing grid sizes and time steps, implement ways to judiciously control and steer the newly available flexibility of resolution, and invent novel ways of quantifying the remaining errors. The DFG priority program MetStröm covers the expertise of Meteorology, Fluid Dynamics, and Applied Mathematics to develop model- as well as grid-adaptive numerical simulation concepts in multidisciplinary projects. The goal of this priority programme is to provide simulation models which combine scale-dependent (mathematical) descriptions of key physical processes with adaptive flow discretization schemes. Deterministic continuous approaches and discrete and/or stochastic closures and their possible interplay are taken into consideration. Research focuses on the theory and methodology of multiscale meteorological-fluid mechanics modelling. Accompanying reference experiments support model validation.

  9. Report of the European DNA Profiling Group (EDNAP)--an investigation of the hypervariable STR loci ACTBP2, APOAI1 and D11S554 and the compound loci D12S391 and D1S1656

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gill, P; d'Aloja, E; Dupuy, B;

    1998-01-01

    This paper describes the results of three collaborative exercises which continues the EDNAP theme to explore whether uniformity of DNA profiling results could be achieved between European laboratories using STRs. In an earlier exercise, complex hypervariable AAAG-repeat STR loci were investigated...

  10. An Undergraduate Laboratory Experiment for Upper-Level Forensic Science, Biochemistry, or Molecular Biology Courses: Human DNA Amplification Using STR Single Locus Primers by Real-Time PCR with SYBR Green Detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elkins, Kelly M.; Kadunc, Raelynn E.

    2012-01-01

    In this laboratory experiment, real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) was conducted using published human TPOX single-locus DNA primers for validation and various student-designed short tandem repeat (STR) primers for Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) loci. SYBR Green was used to detect the amplification of the expected amplicons. The…

  11. Saga sigurvegaranna. Kommúnistahreyfingin á Íslandi og söguskoðun kalda stríðsins

    OpenAIRE

    Skafti Ingimarsson 1971

    2012-01-01

    Kommúnistahreyfingin á Íslandi var ein sú öflugasta í Vestur-Evrópu á 20. öld. Hvað kjörfylgi varðar komst enginn vestrænn kommúnistaflokkur með tærnar þar sem Kommúnistaflokkur Íslands og Sósíalistaflokkurinn höfðu hælana, að systurflokkunum í Frakklandi, Finnlandi Grikklandi, Ítalíu, Lúxemborg og Þýskalandi undanskildum. Íslenskir sagnfræðingar hafa hingað til veitt þessari staðreynd takmarkaða athygli. Þess í stað hefur pólitísk sagnaritun í anda kalda stríðsins verið áberandi, þar sem áhe...

  12. PCR typing of DNA fragments of the two short tandem repeat (STR) systems upstream of the human myelin basic protein (MBP) gene in Danes and Greenland Eskimos

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nellemann, L J; Frederiksen, J; Morling, N

    1996-01-01

    MBP-B were analyzed by vertical electrophoresis in polyacrylamide gels followed by silver staining. DNA samples from 112 unrelated Danes, 140 unrelated Greenland Eskimos, and 88 Danish mother/child pairs were analyzed. The distributions of MBP phenotypes were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in both the...... in Eskimos (0.225) than in Danes (0.06). Strong gametic associations were found between fragments from MBP-A and MBP-B series in both Danes and Eskimos. Some of the associations were different in Danes and Eskimos. In the 88 Danish mother/child pairs, the segregation of the MBP genotypes were in...... accordance with a genetic model of co-dominant inheritance and no mutation was found. Two MBP STR regions with irregular structures were sequenced. One fragment had a single base G to A transition at position 124 in the primer binding region between the MBP-A and MBP-B regions. In the other fragment, a...

  13. Fluorescence-based thermal shift data on multidrug regulator AcrR from Salmonella enterica subsp. entrica serovar Typhimurium str. LT2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manjasetty, Babu A; Halavaty, Andrei S; Luan, Chi-Hao; Osipiuk, Jerzy; Mulligan, Rory; Kwon, Keehwan; Anderson, Wayne F; Joachimiak, Andrzej

    2016-06-01

    The fluorescence-based thermal shift (FTS) data presented here include Table S1 and Fig. S1, and are supplemental to our original research article describing detailed structural, FTS, and fluorescence polarization analyses of the Salmonella enterica subsp. entrica serovar Typhimurium str. LT2 multidrug transcriptional regulator AcrR (StAcrR) (doi:10.1016/j.jsb.2016.01.008) (Manjasetty et al., 2015 [1]). Table S1 contains chemical formulas, a Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number (CAS no.), FTS rank (a ligand with the highest rank) has the largest difference in the melting temperature (ΔT m), and uses as drug molecules against various pathological conditions of sixteen small-molecule ligands that increase thermal stability of StAcrR. Thermal stability of human enolase 1, a negative control protein, was not affected in the presence of various concentrations of the top six StAcrR binders (Fig. S1). PMID:27054155

  14. Haplotype data and mutation rates for the 23 Y-STR loci of PowerPlex® Y 23 System in a Northeast Italian population sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turrina, Stefania; Caratti, Stefano; Ferrian, Melissa; De Leo, Domenico

    2015-07-01

    The PowerPlex® Y 23 System (Promega) is a short tandem repeat (STR) multiplex that allows co-amplification of 23 gonosomal Y-STRs, combining 17 loci commonly included in commercially available kits (DYS389I, DYS448, DYS389II, DYS19, DYS391, DYS438, DYS437, DYS635, DYS390, DYS439, DYS392, DYS393, DYS458, DYS385a/b, DYS456, and Y-GATA-H4) and six new loci (DYS481, DYS549, DYS533, DYS643, DYS576, and DYS570) with the last two being rapidly mutating Y-STRs (RM Y-STRs). In order to assess the possible gain in forensic efficiency provided by the six additional markers, a population sample of 410 unrelated healthy males originating from Northeast Italy (Veneto, Trentino Alto Adige, Lombardia, and Friuli Venezia Giulia regions) was typed. The data (335 of the 410 samples) are available in the Y chromosome haplotype reference database under accession number YA003327. Overall, 410 unique haplotypes were found corresponding to a global haplotype diversity (HD) of 0.999994 with a discriminatory capacity (DC) of 100%. Allelic microvariants, null alleles, and duplications were detected. Pairwise genetic distances (R(ST)) calculated among neighboring European reference populations revealed no significant differences. Furthermore, for studying Y-STR mutation rates, 90 father-son pairs, in which the fathers were already included in the full dataset, were tested. On a total of 2,070 meioses considered, eight single-step mutational events were observed, two of which within the same father-son pair and the average mutation rate was 3.38 × 10(-3) per locus per generation (95% confidence interval, 1.36 × 10(-3)-6.95 × 10(-3)). PMID:25099381

  15. Population studies for STR loci (D3S1358, D5S818, D7S820, D18S51 and FGA) in NWFP and Sindhi populations of Pakistan for forensic use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saqib Shahzad, M; Abbas Bokhari, S Yassir; Rao, Abdul Qayyum; Raza, M Hashim; Ullah, Obaid; Zia-Ur-rahman; Shahid, A Ali; Ahmad, Zahoor; Riazuddin, S

    2004-01-01

    CEMB's Forensic DNA typing project is directed towards the introduction of DNA typing technique in Pakistan's criminal justice system so as to exonerate an innocent and wrongly accused person and incriminates the culprit. The present study is a part of the project of CEMB to analyze Sindhi and NWFP (North West Frontier Province) populations for five STR (Short Tandem Repeat) loci out of 13 CODIS (Combined DNA Index System) loci. Allelic frequencies and heterozygosity for STR markers D3S1358, D5S818, D7S820, D18S51 and FGA (FIBRA) were determined. Samples from unrelated individuals were amplified by multiplex PCR using the unlabelled primers for these markers followed by denaturing Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis (PAGE). Statistical analysis was performed to determine the allelic frequencies and was evaluated using the Chi Square Test. PMID:15782779

  16. Studium vybraných čeledí nočních motýlů na území NPP Bílé stráně u Litoměřic

    OpenAIRE

    Budský, František

    2011-01-01

    Based on comprehensive collecting methods, sampling of selected families of Macrolepidoptera moths (Lasiocampidae, Saturniidae, Sphingidae, Drepanidae, Geometridae, Notodontidae, Lymantriidae, Noctuidae and Arctiidae) was carried out on the territory of the National Natural Monument “Bílé stráně” near Litoměřice during one vegetative period in 2010. This protected area has been proposed to be included among the Sites of Community Importance (pSCI) protected by NATURA 2000 and at the same time...

  17. Vergleich der "Stereo Particle Image Velocimetry" (SPIV) mit rückgeführten Messverfahren und Untersuchung definiert gestörter Strömungszustände in geschlossenen Rohrleitungen

    OpenAIRE

    Eichler, Thomas S.

    2013-01-01

    Bei der Durchfluss-Messtechnik in Rohrleitungen kommen verschiedene Durchfluss-Messgeräte zum Einsatz. Sie basieren auf unterschiedlichen Messprinzipien, wie z. B. der Ultraschalltechnik oder der magnetisch induktiven Technik. Abhängig vom jeweiligen Messprinzip gibt es Größen, die die Messunsicherheit des Messgerätes beeinflussen. So hat sich gezeigt, dass insbesondere bei Ultraschall-Sensoren neben dem Einfluss der Temperatur die Geometrie des Geschwindigkeitsfeldes (Strömungsprofil) eine e...

  18. 法医DNA标准物质STR位点等位基因分型定值研究%Certified value study for alleles on STR loci of forensic DNA reference materials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵兴春; 孙敬; 印佳; 王燕; 姜伯玮; 高运华; 叶健

    2012-01-01

    为探讨法医DNA标准物质STR位点等位基因分型的定值和溯源,利用有机法提取法医DNA标准物质备选所用细胞基因组DNA,以其为模板进行STR复合扩增,制备获得等位基因分型片段并测序分析,成功获得法医DNA标准物质备选所用细胞STR位点等位基因分型的定值.对STR位点等位基因分型进行定值研究可以作为法医DNA标准物质溯源研究的有效途径之一.%In order to develop the certified value and traceability for the alleles on STR loci of forensic DNA reference materials, the genomic DNA of the cells was extracted and amplified for preparing the forensic DNA reference materials. Then the allelic DNA was prepared, sequenced and valuated. Finally the value for the alleles on STR loci of the cells was certified. The certified value for the alleles on STR loci can work as an effective approach for the traceability of forensic DNA reference materials.

  19. [Polymorphism and forensic applications of miniSTR loci D10S1248, D2S441, D1S1677, D9S1122, and D10S1435 in Northwestern Han population].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Xue; Cong, Bin; Li, Shu-Jin; Guo, Xia; Li, Xia

    2009-04-01

    To investigate the polymorphism, genetic stability and the value for analysis degraded samples of D10S1248/ D2S441/D1S1677/D9S1122/D10S1435 five loci in northwestern Han population. The lengths of fragments were analyzed by fluorescence PCR and ABI310 Genetic Analyzer. Samples from 154 unrelated northwestern Han individuals, 10 genealogies and 10 highly degraded specimens were genotyped. Among the 154 unrelated northwestern Han individuals, we discovered 8, 7, 7, 6, and 7 alleles in the five miniSTR loci, respectively. The frequency distributions in the loci showed no deviations from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium expectations. The H is at 0.662-0.792, PD is at 0.869-0.915, PE is at 0.382-0.585, and PIC is at 0.650-0.750.The research of genetic stability and the value for analysis degraded sample indicated that the five miniSTR loci had high genetic stability and could analysis the degraded samples effectively. Therefore, these 5 miniSTR loci can be used as genetic markers of Northwestern Han populations in forensic practice involving individual identification and paternity testing from degraded DNA samples. PMID:19586890

  20. Population and mutation analysis of Y-STR loci in a sample from the city of São Paulo (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José A. Soares-Vieira

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The haplotypes of seven Y-chromosome STR loci (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, and DYS393 were determined in a sample of 634 healthy Brazilian males (190 adult individuals and 222 father-son pairs. The 412 adults were unrelated, and the 222 father-son pairs had their biological relationship confirmed using autosomal STRs (LR > 10,000. Among the 412 adults, a total of 264 different 7-loci haplotypes were identified, 210 of which were unique. The most frequent haplotype was detected in 31 instances, occurring with a frequency of 7.52%. The haplotype diversity index was calculated as 98.83%. Upon transmission of the 1,554 alleles, in 222 father-son pairs, six mutations were observed, with an average overall rate of 3.86 x 10-3 per locus. A haplotype with a duplicated DYS389I locus, and another with duplicated DYS389I, DYS389II, and DYS439 loci were detected in both fathers and their respective sons.

  1. Population data for Y-chromosome haplotypes defined by AmpFlSTR YFiler PCR amplification kit in North Sardinia (Italy).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghiani, Maria Elena; Mameli, Alessandro; Piras, Gavino; Berti, Andrea; Calo, Carla Maria; Vona, Giuseppe

    2009-06-01

    The 17 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (STRs) included in the AmpFlSTR YFiler Amplification Kit (AB Applied Biosystems) (DYS19, DYS3891, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635 and GATA H4.1) were typed in 100 samples from North Sardinia (Italy). A total of 91 different haplotypes were found, where 9 haplotypes were shared by two individuals. The overall haplotype diversity (HD) was 0.9982. DYS458 non-consensus alleles were found in one samples, and one in the DYS438. We found a double peak in one sample for the DYS19 with alleles 15/16. Population comparisons with available 10 YSTR loci data in Mediterranean Basin samples were undertaken, significant differences were observed between our sample and all the compared populations, except for a entire sample from Sardinia. Prediction of haplogroups showed I2al was found to be the most frequent haplogroup (33%) in our sample. Testing high-resolution Y-chromosome data sets it is useful in autochthonous population and micro-population studies to highlight the most informative loci for evolutionary aims. PMID:19662792

  2. Automated extraction of DNA from blood and PCR setup using a Tecan Freedom EVO liquid handler for forensic genetic STR typing of reference samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stangegaard, Michael; Frøslev, Tobias G; Frank-Hansen, Rune; Hansen, Anders J; Morling, Niels

    2011-04-01

    We have implemented and validated automated protocols for DNA extraction and PCR setup using a Tecan Freedom EVO liquid handler mounted with the Te-MagS magnetic separation device (Tecan, Männedorf, Switzerland). The protocols were validated for accredited forensic genetic work according to ISO 17025 using the Qiagen MagAttract DNA Mini M48 kit (Qiagen GmbH, Hilden, Germany) from fresh whole blood and blood from deceased individuals. The workflow was simplified by returning the DNA extracts to the original tubes minimizing the risk of misplacing samples. The tubes that originally contained the samples were washed with MilliQ water before the return of the DNA extracts. The PCR was setup in 96-well microtiter plates. The methods were validated for the kits: AmpFℓSTR Identifiler, SGM Plus and Yfiler (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, CA), GenePrint FFFL and PowerPlex Y (Promega, Madison, WI). The automated protocols allowed for extraction and addition of PCR master mix of 96 samples within 3.5h. In conclusion, we demonstrated that (1) DNA extraction with magnetic beads and (2) PCR setup for accredited, forensic genetic short tandem repeat typing can be implemented on a simple automated liquid handler leading to the reduction of manual work, and increased quality and throughput. PMID:21609694

  3. The RCB star V854 Cen is surrounded by a hot dusty shell

    CERN Document Server

    Chesneau, Olivier; De Marco, Orsola; Bright, S N; Spang, Alain; Lagadec, Eric; Mékarnia, Djamel; de Wit, W J

    2014-01-01

    Aims. The hydrogen-deficient supergiants known as R Coronae Borealis Stars might be the result of a double degenerate merger of two white dwarfs (WDs), or a final helium shell flash in a PN central star. In this context, any information on the geometry of their circumstellar environment and, in particular, the potential detection of elongated structures is of great importance. Methods. We obtained near-IR observations of \\object{V854\\,Cen} with the {{\\sc AMBER}} recombiner located at the Very Large Telescope Interferometer ({{\\sc VLTI}}) array with the compact array (B$\\leq$35m) in 2013 and the long array (B$\\leq$140m) in 2014. At each time, \\object{V854\\,Cen} was at maximum light. The H- and K-band continua were investigated by means of spectrally-dependant geometric models. These data are supplemented with mid-IR {{\\sc VISIR}}/VLT images. Results. A dusty slightly elongated over-density is discovered both in the H and K-band images. With the compact array, the central star is unresolved ($\\Theta\\leq2.5$\\,ma...

  4. 济宁地区汉族人群16个Y-STR基因座遗传多态性%Genetic Polymorphism of 16 Y-STR Loci in Han Population in Jining Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙庆东; 侯伟光

    2015-01-01

    应用 Y-filer 荧光标记复合扩增试剂盒对济宁地区5585名汉族男性个体血样 DNA 进行分型,统计分析16个 Y-STR 基因座的遗传学参数,DYS391、DYS389I、DYS439、DYS389II、DYS438、DYS456、DYS458、DYS437、DYS635、DYS448、Y_GATA_H4、DYS19、DYS393、DYS390、DYS392、DYS385a/b 基因座分别检出5~13种等位基因,DYS385a/b 基因座共检出99个单倍型。基因座频率分布在0.0002~0.7560之间,基因多样性(GD)分布在0.3972~0.9634之间。16个 Y-STR 基因座在济宁汉族群体具有丰富的遗传多态性,可用于群体遗传学及法医学研究。%Objective To investigate the genetic polymorphism of 16 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (Y-STR) loci in Han population in Jining area and to evaluate its forensic significance through comparison with the frequencies distribution of some loci in settlement-different people. Methods Blood samples were collected from 5585 male individuals of Han-population in Jining area. 16 Y-STR loci were amplified with Y-filer PCR Amplification Kit. Genotypes and frequencies of alleles were obtained by ID-X GeneMapper analysis software. The frequency distribution on some loci was statistically compared with same or different people in various settlements. Results Of 5585 male individuals, 5~13 kinds of alleles were found among the 16 Y-STR loci of DYS391, DYS389I, DYS439, DYS389II, DYS438, DYS456, DYS458, DYS437, DYS635, DYS448, Y_GATA_H4, DYS19, DYS393, DYS390, DYS392, DYS385a/b and with the last one DYS385a/b having 99 haplotypes. Frequencies of the above 16 Y-STR loci ranged from 0.0002 to 0.640, and the gene diversity 0.3972 to 0.9634. Conclusions The 16 Y-STR loci are of highly genetic polymorphism in Han population in Jining area, suitable for genetics and forensic research.

  5. Haplotype genetic polymorphism of 9 Y-STR in Henan Han population%河南汉族人群9个Y染色体短串联重复序列单倍型遗传多态性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋丽君; 刘建新; 陈辉; 李晓文

    2011-01-01

    Aim: To detect haplotype genetic ploymorphism of DYS456, DYS3891, DYS392, DYS389 Ⅱ , H4, A7. 1,DYS448,DYS393 and DYS439 in Henan Hah ethnic group. Methods: PCR-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and silver staining were used to detect gene diversity and haplotype diversity of 9 Y-STR loci in 180 Henan Han ethnic group. Real father-son and non father-son determined by chromosome STR testing,and 50 women were the validation group. Results:The number of allele frequency of 9 Y-STR loci was 5 ,5,8,7,5 ,5 ,7,5 and 5, gene diversity was 0.650 1,0.633 0,0. 814 7,0. 763 3,0. 585 8,0.685 7,0. 752 1,0.701 9 and 0. 647 2, respectively. 180 kinds of loci haplotypes were detected, and haplotype diversity was 1. Nothing PCR products was found in validation group of women. The results were in 20 real fatherson group. Every non father-son group was found that at least 5 Y-STR loci was different. Conclusion: Y-STR haplotypes based on the 9 Y-STR loci built has highly genetics polymorphism.%目的:检测河南汉族人群中DYS456、DYS389 I、DYS392、DYS389 Ⅱ、H4、A7.1、DYS448、DYS393及DYS439等9个Y染色体短串联复复序列(Y-STR)位点构建的单倍型遗传多样性.方法:180名河南汉族健康无关男性个体、50名女性个体及经常染色体STR检测确定的20对真父子和20对非父子为测定对象,应用PCR-聚丙烯酰胺凝胶电泳及银染显带技术分析上述9个Y-STR位点等位基因及单倍型分布情况.结果:180名河南汉族健康无关男性个体中上述9个位点的等位基因检出数目分别为5、5、8、7、5、5、7、5和5个,基凶多样性分别为0.650 1、0.633 0、0.814 7、0.763 3、0.585 8、0.685 7、0.752 1、0.701 9和0.647 2,共检测出180种由上述9个Y-STR位点构建的单倍型,单倍型多样性为1.50名女性样本中均未检测到任何扩增产物.在20对真父子样本中,各父子对的9个Y-STR位点检测结果均完全一致.在20组非父子样本中,各非父子对均有至少5个Y

  6. High-level expression and characterization of the Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis str. BSP1 YwaD aminopeptidase in Pichia pastoris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Wei; Li, Zhezhe; Li, Chunhua; Yu, Xianhong; Wang, Fei; Wan, Xin; Wang, Yaping; Ma, Lixin

    2016-06-01

    Aminopeptidases are widely used for creating protein hydrolysates and peptide sequencing. The ywaD gene from a new Bacillus isolate, named Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis str. BSP1, was cloned into the yeast expression vector pHBM905A and expressed and secreted by Pichia pastoris strain GS115. The deduced amino acid sequence of the aminopeptidase encoded by the ywaD gene shared up to 98% identity with aminopeptidases from B. subtilis strains 168 and zj016. The yield (3.81 g/l) and specific activity (788 U/mg) of recombinant YwaD in high-density fermentation were extremely high. And 829.83 mg of the purified enzyme (4089.72 U/mg) were harvested. YwaD was glycosylated, and its activity decreased after deglycosylation, which was similar to that of the aminopeptidase from B. subtilis strain zj016. YwaD was most active toward l-arginine-4-nitroanilide. Moreover, it exhibited high resistance to carbamide, which was not true for aminopeptidases from B. subtilis strains 168 and zj016, which could simplify the purification of YwaD. Moreover, the expression and parts of characterization of the aminopeptidase from B. subtilis strain 168 in Pichia pastoris were added as supplementary material. The sequence and other characteristics of YwaD were compared with those of aminopeptidases from B. subtilis strains 168 and zj016, and they will provide a solid foundation for further research on the influence of amino acid mutations on the function of aminopeptidases. PMID:26898926

  7. STR分型应用于病理标本污染的个体识别%Application of Individual Identification through PCR-STR for IdentifyingContaminated Pathological Samples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王峥; 聂同钢; 李敬永

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To use the STR typing to identify the two pathological samples of ovary cystadenocarcinoma, in order to identify whether one of two pathological samples was contaminated. Methods: Paraffin-embedded tissues were sliced and the different morphological cells were isolated by micro-operating system on inverted microscope. Extract DNA of the isolated cells, and get the genotype through regular PCR-STR method. Results: The genotype show the existence of contamination of the pathological samples and prove that cancer cells of sample were originated from the other sample. Conclusion: Individual identification through the PCR-STR method was the effective method to identify the contaminated pathological slice.%目的:通过STR分型,对两例卵巢囊腺癌病理标本的组织细胞进行个体识别,以鉴别其中一例病理标本癌细胞是否源于污染.方法:对甲醛固定石蜡包埋组织,分别切片后在倒置显微镜下,用显微操作系统分离出不同形态的细胞团,对提取的DNA样本进行常规STR扩增检验.结果:经过STR分型比对,证实病理标本存在污染,其中一例的癌细胞来源于另一个体.结论:STR分型是用于病理石蜡包埋组织标本污染个体识别的有效手段.

  8. Fra strøtanke til værk:En genetisk undersøgelse af de kreative processer i den sene del af H.C. Andersens forfatterskab

    OpenAIRE

    Grum-Schwensen, Ane

    2014-01-01

    SummaryThe dissertation Fra strøtanke til værk – en genetisk undersøgelse af de kreative processer i den sene del af H.C. Andersens forfatterskab (From stray thought to work – A genetic study of the creative processes in the latter part of Hans Christian Andersen’s authorship) seeks to clarify the patterns and shaping that exist in Hans Christian Andersen’s creative processes as they find expression in the preserved drafts of the three tales ‘The New Century’s Goddess’ (1861), ‘The Ice Maiden...

  9. Human Y-specific STR haplotypes in Dongxiang ethnic group from Northwest China%中国西北少数民族东乡族的Y染色体微卫星单倍型分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨亚军; 安黎哲; 徐玖瑾; 张伟华; 周瑞霞; 王勋陵; 谢小冬

    2005-01-01

    Eight Y-chromosomal microsatellites have been used to analyze DNA variation in 133 Dongxiang male subjects from the Muslim minority in Northwest Chinese, a set of seven Y-chromosomal STR loci (DYS19, DYS389 Ⅰ, DYS389 Ⅱ, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393) with the addition of the biloci marker DYS385 was used to generate male-specific haplotype databases for the Chinese ethnic group samples and PCR products were separated by manual procedures. Allele distribution frequencies and gene diversity value at seven Y-Chromosome STR loci in the Dongxiang population were calculated. The distribution of Y-STR haplotypes is presented. A total of 110 different haplotypes were found, 94 of them being unique. The Y-STR polymorphism in the Northwest Chinese population with an estimated haplotype diversity of 98.9% and a discrimination capacity of 82.7% will be very useful for testing paternal lineages. This work has an important implication on forensic and anthropological studies.%运用国际法医学界推荐的"最小单倍型"共7个微卫星位点(DYS19,DYS389Ⅰ,DYS389Ⅱ,DYS390,DYS391,DYS392,DYS393)和1个高多态性微卫星位点DYS385,采用PCR结合银染显色技术,对采自临夏回族自治区东乡县的133个健康男性个体的DNA,进行了Y染色体8个微卫星的等位基因及单倍型分布状况遗传多态性分析.结果显示,东乡族保留着较高的Y-STR遗传多态性,在测出的66个等位基因中共构建了110种单倍型,单倍型多样性为98.9%,表明该系统有较强的个体识别能力.另外,我们的研究可以为东乡族这一穆斯林民族的起源提供有价值的遗传资料.

  10. DNA commission of the International Society of Forensic Genetics: Recommendations on the evaluation of STR typing results that may include drop-out and/or drop-in using probabilistic methods

    OpenAIRE

    Gill, Peter; Gusmao, L.; Haned, Hinda; Mayr, WR; Morling, Niels; Parson, W.; Prieto, L.; Prinz, M.; Schneider, H.

    2012-01-01

    DNA profiling of biological material from scenes of crimes is often complicated because the amount of DNA is limited and the quality of the DNA may be compromised. Furthermore, the sensitivity of STR typing kits has been continuously improved to detect low level DNA traces. This may lead to (1) partial DNA profiles and (2) detection of additional alleles. There are two key phenomena to consider: allelic or locus ‘drop-out’, i.e. ‘missing’ alleles at one or more genetic loci, while ‘drop-in’ m...

  11. Genotyping and interpretation of STR-DNA: Low-template, mixtures and database matches-Twenty years of research and development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Peter; Haned, Hinda; Bleka, Oyvind; Hansson, Oskar; Dørum, Guro; Egeland, Thore

    2015-09-01

    The introduction of Short Tandem Repeat (STR) DNA was a revolution within a revolution that transformed forensic DNA profiling into a tool that could be used, for the first time, to create National DNA databases. This transformation would not have been possible without the concurrent development of fluorescent automated sequencers, combined with the ability to multiplex several loci together. Use of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) increased the sensitivity of the method to enable the analysis of a handful of cells. The first multiplexes were simple: 'the quad', introduced by the defunct UK Forensic Science Service (FSS) in 1994, rapidly followed by a more discriminating 'six-plex' (Second Generation Multiplex) in 1995 that was used to create the world's first national DNA database. The success of the database rapidly outgrew the functionality of the original system - by the year 2000 a new multiplex of ten-loci was introduced to reduce the chance of adventitious matches. The technology was adopted world-wide, albeit with different loci. The political requirement to introduce pan-European databases encouraged standardisation - the development of European Standard Set (ESS) of markers comprising twelve-loci is the latest iteration. Although development has been impressive, the methods used to interpret evidence have lagged behind. For example, the theory to interpret complex DNA profiles (low-level mixtures), had been developed fifteen years ago, but only in the past year or so, are the concepts starting to be widely adopted. A plethora of different models (some commercial and others non-commercial) have appeared. This has led to a confusing 'debate' about the 'best' to use. The different models available are described along with their advantages and disadvantages. A section discusses the development of national DNA databases, along with details of an associated controversy to estimate the strength of evidence of matches. Current methodology is limited to

  12. ACTG-HIV symptoms changes in patients switched to RPV/FTC/TDF due to previous intolerance to CART. Interim analysis of the PRO-STR study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Podzamczer

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Tolerability and convenience are crucial aspects for the long-term success of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact in routine clinical practice of switching to the single tablet regimen (STR RPV/FTC/TDF in patients with intolerance to previous cART, in terms of patients’ well-being, assessed by several validated measures. Methods: Prospective, multicenter study. Adult HIV-infected patients with viral load under 1.000 copies/mL while receiving a stable ART for at least the last three months and switched to RPV/FTC/TDF due to intolerance of previous regimen, were included. Analyses were performed by ITT. Presence/magnitude of symptoms (ACTG-HIV Symptom Index, quality of life (EQ-5D, EUROQoL & MOS-HIV, adherence (SMAQ, preference of treatment and perceived ease of medication (ESTAR through 48 weeks were performed. Results: Interim analysis of 125 patients with 16 weeks of follow up was performed. 100 (80% were male, mean age 46 years. Mean CD4 at baseline was 629.5±307.29 and 123 (98.4% had viral load <50 copies/mL; 15% were HCV co-infected. Ninety two (73.6% patients switched from a NNRTI (84.8% from EFV/FTC/TDF and 33 (26.4% from a PI/r. The most frequent reasons for switching were psychiatric disorders (51.2%, CNS adverse events (40.8%, gastrointestinal (19.2% and metabolic disorders (19.2%. At the time of this analysis (week 16, four patients (3.2% discontinued treatment: one due to adverse events, two virologic failures and one with no data. A total of 104 patients (83.2% were virologically suppressed (<50 copies/mL. The average degree of discomfort in the ACTG-HIV Symptom Index significantly decreased from baseline (21±15.55 to week 4 (10.89±12.36 & week 16 (10.81±12.62, p<0.001. In all the patients, quality of life tools showed a significant benefit in well-being of the patients (Table 1. Adherence to therapy significantly and progressively increased (SMAQ from

  13. LEG 500 STR Tutorial / Uoptutorial

    OpenAIRE

    roster

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.uoptutorial.com                                                                          ...

  14. 新疆昌吉维吾尔族17个Y-STR基因座遗传多态性%Genetic polymorphisms of seventeen Y-chromosomeal STR loci in XinJiang Changji Uygur Population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽萍; 陈健刚; 蒲红伟; 付志敏; 杨昊

    2012-01-01

    目的 调查17个Y染色体短串联重复序列(Y-STR)基因座及其单倍型在新疆昌吉地区维吾尔族人群中的分布情况.方法 采用AmpFlSTR YfilerTM荧光标记复合扩增系统,对154名维吾尔族无关男性个体血样进行17个Y-STR位点的复合扩增,用ABI 3130XL遗传分析仪对扩增产物进行检测分析.结果 DYS456、DYS389Ⅰ、DYS390、DYS389Ⅱ、DYS458、DYS19、DYS385a/b、DYS393、DYS391、DYS439、DYS635、DYS392、Y-GATA-H4、DYS437、DYS438、DYS448各位点遗传多样性(GD值)分布在0.529 7~0.959 9之间;17个Y-STR位点共观察到单倍型151种,其单倍型多样性GD值为0.999 7.结论 新疆昌吉地区维吾尔族17个Y-STR位点具有丰富的遗传多样性,可为父权鉴定和父系进化研究提供有价值的遗传学资料.%Objective To investigate the allelic and haplotype frequency distribution of seventeen short tandem repeat loci of Y chromosome in Xinjiang Uygur population in Changji. Methods Seventeen Y-STR loci of which the template DNAs were extracted from blood samples of 154 unrelated male individuals in Uygur population, were amplified by using the AmpFlSTR YfilerTM. The PCR products were analyzed and genotyped with ABI3130XL Sequencer. Results The gene diversity ranged from 0. 529 7 to 0. 959 9 at DYS456,DYS389 I ,DYS390,DYS389 II ,DYS458,DYS19 ,DYS385a/b,DYS393,DYS391 ,DYS439 ,DYS635 ,DYS392, Y-G∧T∧-H4,DYS4 37,DYS438, and DYS448. A total of 151 different haplotypes were observed. The haplotype diversity value calculated from all 17 loci was 0. 999 7. Conclusion The 17th Y-STR loci in Xinjiang Uygur population in Changji are highly affluent genetic polymorphic and can offer valuable genetic datas for paternity testing and paternal genetic lineages evolution.

  15. 4个Y-miniSTR基因座荧光标记复合扩增体系的建立%Development of a new quadruplex ChrY miniSTR system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王惠; 白小刚; 夏昱; 李庆庆; 何望; 梁伟波

    2015-01-01

    Objective:A quadruplex of primers aimed at 4 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat ( Y-STR) loci ( DYS456, DYS392,DYS439,Y-GATA-H4) was built. The length of 4 amplicons was all shorter than 150bp which was called miniSTR. An exami-nation was carried out for sensitivity,DNA database compatibility and degraded DNA typing ability of the quardplex. Methods:4 prim-ers of Y-STR(DYS456,DYS392,DYS439,Y-GATA-H4) were specially selected for short amplicons. The front primer of DYS456, DYS392,DYS439,Y-GATA-H4 was labeled with FAM,JOE,ROX,TAMRA separately. DNA samples were collected from forensic ca-ses. And degraded samples were made by ultrasonic impact treatment. Ladder of the quadruplex was amplified from dilution of Y23 Lad-der with the quadruplex primers. The quadruplex was compared to promega Y23 for sensitivity,DNA database compatibility and highly degraded DNA typing ability. Results:Sensitivity of the quardplex was the same as Y23 in both common samples and highly degraded samples. As a result of test on degraded DNA samples using the quadruplex systems,the systems proved to be an more effective tools for analyzing degraded DNAs than Y23. And there were no differences in DNA typing results which means great DNA database compatibili-ty. Conclusion:The quadruplex of Y-miniSTR in addition to the commercial available Y-STR multiplex kits are highly useful for foren-sic practices of degraded DNA samples.%目的::构建DYS456,DYS392,DYS439,Y-GATA-H4等4个Y-miniSTR基因座复合扩增体系,评价其检测敏感度、数据库兼容性和对降解检材的分型能力。方法:设计4个Y-miniSTR的引物,用FAM、JOE、ROX、TAMRA分别标记其上游引物,构建复合扩增体系。利用本体系的引物扩增稀释过的Y23试剂盒的ladder,制备等位基因分型标准物。比较该体系与Promega PowerPlex ® Y23试剂盒在普通检材、降解检材的分型能力、敏感度和分型结果。结果:同一样本体系分型结果和商业化试剂盒Y23

  16. 新疆巴州维吾尔族17个Y-STR位点遗传多态性%Genetic polymorphism of seventeen Y-chromosomeal STR loci in XinJiang Bazhou Uygur population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈慧锦; 蒲红伟; 胡佳; 王伟; 张丽萍

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the allelic and haplotype frequency distribution of seventeen short tandem repeat loci of Y chromosome in Xinjiang Uygur population in Bazhou. Methods:The template DNAs were extracted from blood samples of 149 unrelated Uygur male individuals,and seventeen Y-STR loci were amplified by the AmpFlSTR YfilerTM.The PCR products were analyzed and genotyped with ABI3130XL Sequencer. Results:The values of genetic diversity of DYS456,DYS389 Ⅰ /Ⅱ ,DYS390,DYS458,DYS19, DYS385a/b,DYS393,DYS391,DYS439,DYS635,DYS392,Y-GATA-H4,DYS437,DYS438,and DYS448 were between 0.4 982 and 0.9 485.A total of 148 different haplotypes were observed,and the value of genetic diversity of haplotypes was 0.99 986. Conclusion: The 17 Y-STR loci in Xinjiang Uygur population in Bazhou are highly polymorphic and suitable for paternity testing and paternal genetic lineage evolution.%目的:调查17个Y染色体短串联重复序列(Y-Short tandem repeat,Y-STR)基因座及其单倍型在新疆巴州维吾尔族人群中的分布情况.方法:应用AmpFlSTR YfilerTM荧光标记复合扩增系统,对149名维吾尔族无关男性个体血样进行17个Y-STR位点的复合扩增,用ABI 3130XL遗传分析仪对扩增产物进行检测分析.结果:DYS456、DYS389 Ⅰ/Ⅱ、DYS390、DYS458、DYS19、DYS385a/b、DYS393、DYS391、DYS439、DYS635、DYS392、Y-GATA-H4、DYS437、DYS438、DYS448各位点遗传多样性(Genetic diversity,GD)值分布在0.498 2~0.948 5之间;17个Y-STR位点共观察到单倍型148种,其单倍型多样性(Haplotype diversity,HD)值为0.999 86.结论:新疆巴州维吾尔族17个Y-STR位点具有丰富的遗传多样性,可为父权鉴定和父系进化研究提供有价值的遗传学资料.

  17. O gênero Megacyllene s. str. Casey (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) na Mata Atlântica: descrição de duas espécies inéditas, chave para identificação e novas ocorrências

    OpenAIRE

    Allan Carelli Aragão; Miguel A. Monné

    2011-01-01

    O gênero Megacyllene (s. str.) Casey (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) na Mata Atlântica: descrição de duas espécies inéditas, chave para identificação e novas ocorrências. Na Mata Atlântica ocorrem vinte e cinco espécies de Megacyllene (s. str.) Casey, 1912. Espécies novas descritas: M. globosa sp. nov. de Arapongas, Paraná, Brasil e M. guarani sp. nov. do San Estanislao, San Pedro, Paraguai. Megacyllene (Megacyllene) insignita (Perroud, 1855) é revalidada. Chave para espécies da Mata Atlântica e n...

  18. 14 Y-STR loci haplotype genetic polymorphism in Henan Han population%河南汉族14个Y-STR基因位点单倍型的遗传多态性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨洪毅; 徐朝阳; 宋丽君; 肖海; 李晓文

    2012-01-01

    Aim:To detect 14 Y-STR loci haplotype genetic polymorphism and investigate its application value on legal physical evidence. Methods: PCR, polyacrylamide gel and silver staining banding techniques were used to detect the distribution of 14 Y-STR loci including DYS713, DYS720, DYS635, DYS456, DYS389 Ⅰ , DYS390, DYS389 Ⅱ, H4, DYS460( A7. 1 ),DYS391, DYS448, DYS393 ,DYS439, DYS392 in 203 unrelated individuals of Han nationality from Henan, and the result was used in 2 cases of forensic evidence. Results: A total of 203 haplotypes were detected in 203 samples, haplotype diversity value was up to 1, and individual recognition rate was 0. 999 976. Used in 2 cases of forensic evidence, accurate judgement was got. Conclusion:The 14 Y-STR loci system has high haplotype diversity and discriminating power.%目的:检测河南汉族群体14个Y-STR位点单倍型的遗传多样性,探讨其在法医物证学中的应用价值.方法:应用PCR、聚丙烯酰胺凝胶电泳、银染显带技术,分析DYS713、DYS720、DYS635、DYS456、DYS389Ⅰ、DYS390、DYS389Ⅱ、H4、DYS460(A7.1)、DYS391、DYS448、DYS393、DYS439及DYS392等14个Y-STR位点单倍型在203名河南汉族无关个体中的分布,并用于2例法医物证检案的判定.结果:203例样本中共检出203种单倍型,单倍型多样性高达1,个体识别率为0.999 976.应用于2例法医物证检案,得到准确判断.结论:构建的Y-STR复合体系具有较高单倍型遗传多态性和个体识别力.

  19. Strateginio planavimo svarba ūkinės veiklos rezultatų optimizavimui kranų nuomos versle remiantis UAB „Mažeikių strėlė“ pavyzdžiu“

    OpenAIRE

    Slavinskas, Kęstutis

    2007-01-01

    Baigiamajame magistro darbe nagrinėjamas strateginis planavimas kranų nuomos versle ir jo finansinis pagrindimas. Pateikiamos su šia tema susijusios pagrindinės sąvokos, strateginio planavimo samprata, strateginio planavimo proceso etapai, išorinės ir vidinės aplinkų analizės metodai, strateginių alternatyvų pagal konkurencinę poziciją analizė, finansinio vertinimo metodai, jų pritaikymas praktikoje. UAB „Mažeikių strėlė“ yra tipinė kranų nuomos verslo įmonė. Ši verslo sritis Lietuvoje orient...

  20. Concordance study and population frequencies for 16 autosomal STRs analyzed with PowerPlex(®) ESI 17 and AmpFℓSTR(®) NGM SElect™ in Somalis, Danes and Greenlanders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tomas Mas, Carmen; Mogensen, H S; Friis, S L; Hallenberg, C; Stene, M C; Morling, N

    2014-01-01

    433 system in an individual from Denmark and six in the SE33 system in six individuals from Somalia. Sequencing of SE33 in the six samples with discordant results showed G>A transition 15bp downstream of the repeat unit in three of the individuals, and G>A transition 68bp downstream of the repeat unit...... in the other three individuals. Population data for 16 autosomal STR systems analyzed in 989 individuals from Somalia, Denmark and Greenland are also presented. The highest mean heterozygosity was observed in Danes (82.5%). With the exception of D8S1179 in Danes, no significant deviations from Hardy...... ones included in the analyses. The highest combined chance of exclusion and power of discrimination was observed for Danes reaching values of 99.9999987% and 1 in 1.8×10(21), respectively....

  1. The correlation study of Y-STR and Y-SNP in Yunnan Bai population%云南白族群体Y-STR及Y-SNP关联性探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄玉静; 王健康; 陈燕祥; 李景; 李貌; 何玮; 曾发明; 程宝文

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the correlation of Y-STR and Y-SNP and their application in forensic science. Methods 17 Y-STR loci and 6 Y-SNPs were typed in a sample of 146 unrelated males from Yunnan Bai population using Y-filer amplification system and reference primers respectively. Results ①A total of 114 haplotypes were observed in the 146 individuals studied, of which 93 were observed only in one individual. ② The frequency distribution of 6 Y-SNPs was range from 4. 1% to 47.3% , and haplogroup O3-M122 shown in the higest frequencies, accounting for 47. 3%. ③Combined analysis of these two types of genetic markers shown that 5 of 21 haplotypes found in two or more individuals had different typed in Y-SNP, and 8 of 29 differing only in a locus had different Y-SNP typed. Some differences in the alleles distributions of Y-STR loci between different Y-SNP haplogroups could be found. Conclusion Males who share an identical or close Y-STR haplotype can differ in their Y-SNP typing, and it will be useful in ascertaining the male criminals through paternal lineage by analysis of these two types of markers together.%目的 探讨Y-STR与Y-SNP单倍群间的关联性及其法医学应用价值.方法 用Y-filer的17个Y-STR基因座及6个Y-SNPs(M122、M95、M9、M130、M119和M45)对云南白族146名无关男性个体样本进行检测.结果 ①17个Y-STR基因座构成的单倍型在146名男性个体中共检出114种单倍型,其中93种仅出现于一名个体中.②6个Y-SNPs在白族中的频率为4.1% ~47.3%,其中O3-M122频率最高,占47.3%.③综合两类遗传标记结果,出现于2名或2名以上个体的21种Y-STR单倍型中,有5种其Y-SNP不同;分别只有一个Y-STR基因座分型不同的29对单倍型中,有8对其Y-SNP分别不同.Y-SNP单倍群间部分Y-STR基因座等位基因频率分布存在一定差异.结论 Y-STR单倍型相同或相近的个体间其Y-SNP分型可不相同,结合两者进行检测分析对于男性嫌疑人家系排查具有重要意义.

  2. Genetic polymorphism of 17 Y-STR loci in Hui population from Linxia%临夏回族17个Y染色体短串联重复序列基因座遗传多态性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于越; 黎卫平; 谢小冬; 陈聪

    2015-01-01

    目的:调查研究17个Y染色体短串联重复序列(Y-STR)基因座及其单倍型在甘肃省临夏回族自治州回族人群中的分布情况.方法:应用AmpFlSTR(R) YfilerTM PCR荧光标记复合扩增系统,对424名回族无关男性个体血样进行17个y-STR位点的复合扩增,用ABI 3730xl遗传分析仪对扩增产物进行检测分析,数据分析使用GeneMapper ID v3.2.结果:DYS456,DYS389 Ⅰ,DYS389Ⅱ,DYS390,DYS458,DYS19,DYS393,DYS385a\\b,DYS391,DYS439,DYS635,DYS392,YGATA H4,DYS437,DYS438和DYS448各位点遗传多样性(GD值)分布在0.471 3~0.968 0之间.17个Y-STR位点共同构成的单倍型361种.其单倍型多样性为0.999 5.结论:临夏回族17个Y-STR位点具有较高的遗传多态性,可为父权鉴定和父系进化研究提供有价值的遗传学资料.

  3. Diversidade de Scarabaeidae s. str. (Coleoptera da Reserva Biológica Guaribas, Mamanguape, Paraíba, Brasil: uma comparação entre Mata Atlântica e Tabuleiro Nordestino Diversity of Scarabaeidae s. str. (Coleoptera in the Reserva Biológica Guaribas, Mamanguape, Paraiba, Brazil: a comparison between Atlantic Forest and northeast's Tabuleiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Aline Endres

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Os Scarabaeidae consomem fezes e carcaças de grandes vertebrados. Comunidades de escarabeídeos foram comparadas entre áreas de Mata e Tabuleiro da Reserva Biológica Guaribas, Mamanguape, Paraíba. As amostragens foram realizadas mensalmente durante o período de Novembro/2001 a Abril/2002 em áreas de Tabuleiro e Mata. Para coleta dos insetos foram utilizadas 24 armadilhas pitfall iscadas, 12 em cada área, sendo seis iscadas com fezes humanas e seis com fígado apodrecido. Na área de Mata foram coletados 15 espécies e 1298 indivíduos. Na área de Tabuleiro, 25 espécies e 2235 indivíduos. Onze espécies ocorrem conjuntamente nos dois ambientes, sendo 14 registradas apenas para o Tabuleiro e 4 para a Mata. Dichotomius sericeus (Harold, 1867 foi a espécie mais abundante nas duas áreas. A área de Tabuleiro apresentou maior riqueza, entretanto a Mata apresentou maior dominância. O compartilhamento de espécies comuns entre a Mata e o Tabuleiro confere a estes ambientes similaridade moderada.Diversity of Scarabaeidae s. str. (Coleoptera in the Reserva Biológica Guaribas, Mamanguape, Paraiba, Brazil: a comparison between Atlantic Forest and northeast's Tabuleiro. Scarabaeid beetles consume dung and carcasses of large vertebrates. Guilds of scarabeids were compared between Forest and Tabuleiro at the Reserva Biológica Guaribas, Mamanguape, in the state of Paraíba. Samples were collected monthly from November 2001 to April 2002 in Forest and Tabuleiro. Insects were collected by using 24 pitfall-traps, 12 in each area, with six traps baited with human excrement and six with rotten liver. Fifteen species and 1298 specimens were collected in the Forest and 25 species and 2235 specimens in the Tabuleiro. Eleven species occurred in both areas, whereas 14 were found only in the Tabuleiro and four in the Forest. Dichotomius sericeus (Harold, 1867 was the most abundant species in the two areas. The Tabuleiro was the most species-rich; however

  4. Determinación de aminas aromaticas por cromatografia liquida de alta resolución.

    OpenAIRE

    Gutiérrez Bouzán, Mª Carmen; Crespi Rosell, Martin

    1989-01-01

    Este trabajo consiste en la puesta a punto del metodo analítico para la determinación por cromatografia liquida de alta resolución (HPLC) de las aminas aromáticas empleadas más frecuentemente en la fabricación de colorantes sulfurosos: m-tolilendiamina, p-fenilendiamina, o-toluidina, p-toluidina, anilina, p-aminofenol, difenilamina, y p-hidroxidifenilamina. La longitud de onda de detección es de 260 nm. El principal objetivo del presente estudio es la consecución de un método de análisis p...

  5. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U16307-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available id:none) Dechloromonas aromatica RCB, co... 101 7e-20 ( Q20296 ) RecName: Full=Histone deacetylase 6; EC=3.5...tone deacetylase 10; Short=HD... 94 2e-17 (Q9UKV0) RecName: Full=Histone deacetylase... 9; Short=HD9... 94 2e-17 ( P83038 ) RecName: Full=Histone deacetylase 4; Short=HD4... 93 3e-1...7 (Q9Z2V5) RecName: Full=Histone deacetylase 6; Short=HD6... 93 3e-17 (Q99P99) RecName: Full=Histone deacetylase... DQ268531_1( DQ268531 |pid:none) Danio rerio histone deacetylase 4 ... 92 4e-17 (Q6NZM9) RecName: Full=His

  6. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U15022-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available la DC2201 DNA, ... 124 2e-51 AP006618_632( AP006618 |pid:none) Nocardia farcinica IFM 10152 DNA... 115 2e-51...ite gut library Reticulitermes flav... 48 0.005 2 ( BC051239 ) Xenopus laevis hypothetical protein...ia enterocolitica subsp. ... 119 6e-54 BX640422_257( BX640422 |pid:none) Bordetella pertussis strain...00096_1320( CP000096 |pid:none) Pelodictyon luteolum DSM 273, c... 128 3e-48 CP000521_3687( CP000521 |pid:none) Acinetobacter bauma...) Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA7, com... 111 5e-46 CP000089_3304( CP000089 |pid:none) Dechloromonas aromatica RCB, co

  7. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U04725-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ) Sequence 46446 from patent US 7314974. 36 1.1 2 ( AC191473 ) Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis clone CH254-...romosome 6 clone RHPOTKEY093D... 46 1.6 1 ( AC208768 ) Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis c...romosome 6 clone RP11-574H19 map 6... 32 3.1 2 ( AC161091 ) Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis ...clone CH254-21A5,... 32 3.1 7 ( AL445433 ) Human DNA sequence from clone RP11-234N17 on chro... 32 3.1 2 ( CR925677 ) Ehrlichia rumi... CP000089_960( CP000089 |pid:none) Dechloromonas aromatica RCB, com... 35 1.7 AM711867_2002( AM711867 |pid:none) Clavibacter michi

  8. Development and application of a fluorescent STR multiplex assay for the direct amplification of forensic database samples%荧光STR直接复合扩增试剂缓冲体系的研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵兴春; 姜伯玮; 季安全; 叶健

    2012-01-01

    Objective To develop a direct multiplex amplification reagent system and examine its validity using forensic DNA database samples. Methods Several direct PCR buffer based on standard buffer were prepared. The performance of buffer were tested by direct amplification of different samples, such as blood stains on filter paper, FTA card and 903 card. The effects of different PCR enhancers, DNA polymerase, annealing temperature and final extended time on amplification were examined- The suitability of optimized reagent system was also investigated. Results With the assay established by this study, reliable, complete and high quality STR profiles were obtained from forensic database samples. Under 57 ~ 59℃ annealing temperature and 30 ~ 50min final extended times, complete STR profiles could be obtained from 1. 2 mm FTA bloodstains using 10μL of reaction volume of optimized reagent system containing BSA, Tween 20, DMSO, Glycerol and Typer DNA polymerase. Conclusion The developed reagent provides a accurately, quickly and efficiently approach for high-throughput identification of forensic DNA database samples.%目的 研制适用于数据库样本荧光STR直接复合扩增体系.方法 针对常规血卡、FTA和903血卡样本,配制扩增缓冲液基准母液,采用不同配方的扩增缓冲体系进行直接扩增及检测.考察不同种类增强剂、4种商业化DNA聚合酶、不同复性温度和终延伸时间对检材的检测效果,并验证优化体系的适应性.结果 采用本文所建体系对各类血卡样本进行检验,均可获得样本清晰、完整的STR分型.体系选择BSA\\Tween20\DMSO\甘油等增强剂组合、Typer热启动聚合酶1.5U/10μL、57 ~59℃复性温度、30 ~50min终延伸时间,采用10μL体系即可对直径1.2mm FTA卡血样进行有效分型.结论 本文所研制的缓冲体系能够满足常规血卡、FTA和903血卡样本直接扩增检验的需要.

  9. Questionnaire – Investigation Survey on Employees’ Opinion Regional Report for the Eastern Region of the Romanian Commercial Bank (RCB)

    OpenAIRE

    Doiniţa Simona Badiu Popa

    2011-01-01

    The objective of the study is to investigate the employee’s awareness of Eastern Region of the Romanian Commercial Bank, a research based on a common methodology survey, in order to obtain a general review on an established issue, which was demonstrated and confirmed to be effective and its recognizes the performance in an emblematic bank for the Romanian banking industry.

  10. Emocionālās izdegšanas sindroms garīgās veselības aprūpē strādājošo māsu vidū

    OpenAIRE

    Cvetkovs, Andrejs

    2016-01-01

    Maģistra darba tēma – “Emocionālās izdegšanas sindroms garīgās veselības aprūpē strādājošo māsu vidū”. Pētījuma mērķis ir noskaidrot sakarības starp emocionālā intelekta līmeni un emocionālā izdegšanas sindroma attīstības pakāpi garīgās veselības aprūpē strādājošajām māsām. Saskaņā ar pētījuma tēmu tika izvirzīta hipotēze – pastāv sakarība starp garīgās veselības aprūpē strādājošo māsu emocionālā intelekta līmeni un emocionālās izdegšanas sindroma attīstības pakāpi. Lai sasniegtu pētījuma mē...

  11. El asombroso lenguaje de la sombra en La Carreta Fantasma (Victor Sjöström, 1920. Análisis cultural, contextual y fílmico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo ALLEPUZ GARCÍA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Desde finales del siglo XIX, y muy especialmente durante el primer cuarto del siglo XX, la cultura de la sombra se desarrolló por toda Europa con profusión y potencia inusitadas; no fue, ni mucho menos, un recurso exclusivo del expresionismo cinematográfico alemán. Para explicar el uso más sutil que Victor Sjöström hace de ella en La carreta fantasma (1920, el artículo traza primero una breve historia de la sombra y de su trasposición en el teatro y en el cine; contextualiza el filme dentro de la cinematografía escandinava de la época y de la trayectoria del propio director; y analiza, a partir de la base literaria de Selma Lagerlöf y mediante el discurso de las imágenes, varios fragmentos de la película que demuestran un determinado lenguaje lumínico. Desde dicha lectura, la sombra se convierte en el elemento central del film y permite reconsiderar su posición dentro de la historia del cine europeo.

  12. 短串联重复序列HumFGA、D3S1359的法医学应用研究%Application of STR Loci HumFGA and D3S1359 in Forensic Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈慧; 余纯应; 杨庆恩; 梅焜

    2002-01-01

    对短串联重复序列(short tandem repeats,STR)的两个高多态性位点HumFGA(human alpha fibrinogen,人类α-纤维蛋白原基因)、D3S1359的法医学应用进行研究,并通过实际检测案件统计结果进行评估.实验结果表明:两位点灵敏度高,分别为o.2、o.5 ng DNA;同一性和可重复性均较理想;种属特异性好,常见动物未发现扩增产物,仅灵长类动物(黑叶猴和猕猴)有扩增条带;复合扩增体系效果良好;在352次减数分裂中,D3S1359未发现突变,HumFGA检测到1次,突变率为0.28%;实际案件统计和应用结果也显示两位点是多态性高,实用性强的两个遗传标记系统.HumFGA和D3S1 359在法医学个人识别与亲子鉴定案例中有较大应用价值.

  13. Precambrian crustal evolution and Cretaceous–Palaeogene faulting in West Greenland: The Nordre Strømfjord shear zone and the Arfersiorfik quartz diorite in Arfersiorfik, the Nagssugtoqidian orogen, West Greenland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stensgaard, Bo Møller

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The Nordre Strømfjord shear zone in the fjord Arfersiorfik, central West Greenland, consists of alternating panels of supracrustal rocks and orthogneisses which together form a vertical zone up to 7 km wide with sinistral transcurrent, ductile deformation, which occurred under middle amphibolite facies conditions. The pelitic and metavolcanic schists and paragneisses are all highly deformed, while the orthogneisses appear more variably deformed, with increasing deformation evident towards the supracrustal units. The c. 1.92 Ga Arfersiorfik quartz diorite is traceable for a distance of at least 35 km from the Inland Ice towards the west-south-west. Towards its northern contact with an intensely deformed schist unit it shows a similar pattern of increasing strain, which is accompanied by chemical and mineralogical changes. The metasomatic changes associated with the shear zone deformation are superimposed on a wide range of original chemical compositions, which reflect magmatic olivine and/or pyroxene as well as hornblende fractionation trends. The chemistry of the Arfersiorfik quartz diorite suite as a whole is comparable to that of Phanerozoic plutonic and volcanic rocks of calc-alkaline affinity.

  14. Analýza nestrukturovaných dat z bankovních stránek na sociální síti Facebook

    OpenAIRE

    Lucie Šperková

    2014-01-01

    Sociální sítě jako novodobý kanál pro sdílení online Word of Mouth představuje pro bankovní společnosti příležitost, jak analyzovat komunikaci a názory svých zákazníků, které zde veřejně sdílejí. Článek ukazuje proces a výsledky pokročilé kontextové analýzy těchto nestrukturovaných dat vybraných veřejných bankovních stránek na sociální síti Facebook. Analýza zákaznických názorů, problémů a přání může hrát významnou roli pro pozici těchto společností na trhu a jejich orientaci na zákazníky. Vy...

  15. 基因测序结合 STR 连锁分析在假肥大型肌营养不良症产前诊断中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李少英; 何文智; 刘海波; 冼嘉嘉; 马晓燕; 王晓蔓; 黎青

    2015-01-01

    目的 假肥大型肌营养不良症(Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD/BMD)是一种X-连锁隐性致死性遗传病 ,尚无特异性治疗方法 ,建立一套适合于 DMD基因点突变产前诊断及早期产前诊断的方法 ,为携带者产前诊断提供有效的基因诊断途径 ,以避免患胎的出生.方法 27例 D M D基因点突变携带者妊娠期取绒毛组织或羊水进行风险胎儿的DMD基因测序、DNA-STR分型和性别基因检测.结果 27个风险胎儿中 ,检出DMD患胎6例 ,其中无义突变3例 ,移码突变2例 ,剪接位点突变1例 ;检出携带者胎儿8例 ,其中移码突变4例 ,无义突变3例 ,剪接位点突变1例 ;13例为正常胎儿.27例中11例是通过绒毛膜穿刺活检进行 ,其余为羊膜腔穿刺羊水检查.结论 基因测序结合S T R连锁分析用于用于 DM D点突变的产前基因诊断是目前一种准确和可行的方法.可成功地避免患病胎儿的出生 ,并能明确区分 DMD基因纯合子和杂合子突变 ,避免正常胎儿被错误淘汰.%Objective Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD/BMD) is an X-linked lethal recessivedisease caused by mutations in the dystrophy gene .There is no specific and efficient treatment for thisserious and disabling disease .We performed prenatal diagnosis for the carriers with DMD gene point mutationsto early detection and prevent fatal birth defects in birth .Method Using DNA sequencing andlinkage analysis of short tandem repeats (STR) methods ,27 cases which carrying DMD gene point mutationswere performed prenatal diagnosis through amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling . ResultsWithin 27 cases of DMD risk fetus ,6 cases were found to be sufferer ;in which 3 cases were Nonsense mutationhomozygote,2 cases were Shift code mutations ,1case was Splice site mutation .8 cases were carrier ,in which 4 cases were Shift code mutation heterozygote ,3 cases were Nonsense mutation heterozygote ,1case was Splice site mutation heterozygote .13

  16. Development of an 8 miniSTR and Amelogenin fluorescent-multiplex system%荧光标记8个miniSTR及Amelogenin复合扩增体系的建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘超; 冯冬亮; 刘长晖

    2011-01-01

    目的 建立非CODIS系统miniSTR以及Amelogenin基因座的荧光复合扩增体系.方法 筛选8个多态性高的非CODIS系统miniSTR基因座(D20S1082、D6S474、D12ATA63、D9S1122、D2S1776、D1S1627、D3S4529、D2S441),并结合Amelogenin基因座设计荧光标记引物,优化反应条件,建立复合扩增体系.应用该体系对204份广州地区汉族血样,30个家系样本,及30份降解检材进行检测.结果 建立的荧光标记8个miniSTR及Amelogenin复合扩增体系分型结果明确,稳定性好,且所有片段长度均少于200bp,提高了降解检材的分型成功率.在广州汉族人群的累积个人识别率为0.999 999 93,累积非父排除率为0.992 287.结论 构建的miniSTR荧光复合扩增体系,操作简便,分型准确,重复性好,对降解检材有效,易于在法医实验室推广应用,可对现有试剂盒起补充作用.%Objective To develop a fluorescent multiplex system of 8 non-CODIS miniSTR and Amelogenin for forensic purpose.Methods Eight highly polymorphic non-CODIS miniSTR loci, D20S1082, D6S474,D12ATA63, D9S1122, D2S1776, D1S1627, D3S4529 and D2S441 were selected, and a fluorescent multiplex system including these loci and the genderspeeifie Amelogenin was developed through redesigning primers,labeling fluorescence dye, and optimizing experiment conditions.204 randomly selected individuals of Guangzhou Han population, members of 30 families and 30 degraded samples were genotyped using this system.Results Tested by the new multiplex system,all the loci can generate stable and full profiles with amplieons less than 200bp in size, which resulted in art increased overall typing success rate for degraded DNA samples.The cumulative power of discrimination and probability of exclusion were 0.999 999 93 and 0.992 287 respectively in Guangzhou Han population.Conclusion The established fluorescent multiplex system was robust, sensitive and stable, and is of high value in forensic application.It can serve as a new

  17. The cluster analysis of 11 Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in 24 populations%24个群体11个Y-STR基因座单倍型遗传关系的聚类分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    百茹峰; 石美森; 白璐

    2010-01-01

    Objective Through paternal inheritance, to explore the molecular genetic relationships of 11 Y chromosomal short tandem repeat gene loci in 24 populations. Methods 11 Y-STR loci in all samples were amplified with PowerPlex(R)Y System, and the PCR products were analyzed using 310 Genetic Analyzer.Cluster analysis and phylogenetic trees constructed by Neighbor-Joining method were applied to show the genetic distance among the populations. Results Analysis of the haplotype frequencies and studies of genetic distance indicated that 11 Y-STR loci polymorphisms varied notably between Han subpopulations and minorities populations. The phylogenetic tree was similar to the results of clustering analysis and all of the 24 populations were clustered into 3 major groups,plus some minority groups. All of 12 Han populations were clustered into southern Han and northern Han groups. Yunnan Han and Sichuan Han relatively close to northeast Han(0.002 3,0. 000 6), and not to the typical southern Han populations even though they live on theSouth. Hui ethnic alone was another group and other minorities are relatively separated. The result also showed that the populations in Chinese Korean ethnic, Republic of korea, Japan were close to each other(0. 013 3,0. 041 3). Conclusion The 24 different populations have gene communications, and some minorities far scattered as their geographical location;The study of haplotype distance among different populations is useful in research of their origins, migrations and their relationships.%目的 选择具有高度遗传多态性与稳定性的11个Y-STR基因座,从父系遗传角度探讨24个群体的分子遗传学关系.方法 应用PowerPlex(R)Y System荧光标记复合扩增系统检测204名回族、280名锡伯族、203名满族、215名重庆土家族无关男性个体血样,用ABI310遗传分析仪进行基因分型,计算等位基因和单倍型频率,并结合已公开发表的国内外其他20个群体相同基因座的单倍型数

  18. The Effect on DNA Quantification and STR Typing from Cigarette Butts Collected at Various Time Points%放置时间对烟蒂上DNA含量及STR分型的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张爱平; 陈晓晖; 刘长晖; 陈丽伟; 李健伟; 刘超

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨不同放置时间对烟蒂上DNA含量及STR分型的影响.方法 以lO名志愿者的40枚"红双喜"烟蒂为检材(每人4枚),用chelex-100法分别在第1、4、7和1O周时提取烟蒂样本外层烟纸和海绵上的DNA,用Quantifiler人类DNA定量试剂盒进行DNA定量.并同时用AmpFL STR Profiler和IdentifilerrM试剂盒(AB公司)进行PCR扩增及STR分型. 结果放置第1、4、7和10周的烟蒂烟纸DNA质量浓度范围分别为0.104~2.52、0.110~2.41、0.096 0~2.32和0.085 0~2.28ng/μL,16个基因座检出率分别为100%、90%、75%和62.5%.海绵DNA质量浓度范围分别为0.0180~2.40、0.0171~2.25、0.0165~2.15和0.0160~2.15ng/μL,16个基因座检出率分别为97.5%、82.5%、50%和12.5%. 结论放置时间对烟纸和海绵上的DNA含量影响不大,对STR分型影响显著,STR分型受海绵的影响比烟纸明显.放置时间越久.检出率越低.

  19. Application of 9 STR LOCI on paternity test of forensic medicine:126 cases report%9个STR位点在126例法医学亲子鉴定中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王沙燕; 张阮章; 石之驎; 戴勇; 徐辉

    2003-01-01

    目的:运用9个短串联重复序列(STR)位点检测分析126例亲子鉴定案例.方法:EDTA抗凝血按Chelex法提取 DNA,聚合酶联反应(PCR)扩增.应用ABI 377自动荧光测序仪及Profiler plus 试剂盒,通过检测9个STR位点的基因分型,完成亲子鉴定126例.其中母-子-假想父三联体鉴定90例,假设父-子二联体鉴定36例.结果:在90例三联体鉴定案例中认定存在亲生关系74例,平均父权相对机率(RCP)为99.98%;排除父子关系15例,排除率为16.67%,平均排除位点数为5.3个;不能认定亲生关系1例.在36例二联体鉴定案例中认定存在血缘关系25例,平均父权相对机率(RCP)为99.82%;排除父子关系6例;5例不能认定亲生关系.结论:9个具有高度多态性STR基因座的联合检测,能使三联体亲子鉴定的排除结论明确无误,是法医亲子鉴定和个体识别应用的理想指标.

  20. Polymorphism research of three Y-DNA STR loci in Han population in Wenzhou%温州汉族群体3个Y-STR基因座的遗传多态性调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨雷; 陈柏坤

    2007-01-01

    目的:获得温州汉族Y-DNA位点:DYS385、DYS392、DYS448的基因频率,并能应用这些资料进行人类遗传学研究和法医学应用.方法:以Chelex法提取外周血DNA,PCR扩增短串联重复(STR)位点DYS385、DYS392、DYS448后,用聚丙烯酰胺电泳系统进行分型.结果:在172个标本中,共检测到DYS392的5个等位基因,基因频率分别为0.0872、0.0756、0.4709、0.2500、0.1163.基因变异度为(GD)0.6929;检测到DYS448的6个等位基因,基因频率分别为0.0116、0.3372、0.3198、0.2674、0.0465、0.0174.基因变异度为0.7141;检测到DYS385的47个单倍型,基因变异度为0.9689.三个位点的基因变异度累计为0.9938.结论:Y-DNA位点:DYS385、DYS392、DYS448是三个具有法医学和群体遗传学应用价值的位点.

  1. 广州地区非洲籍群体17个Y-STR基因座遗传多态性及群体遗传分析%Genetic polymorphism of 17 Y-STR loci in Guangzhou African population and analysis of population genetic distance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘宏; 刘超; 刘长晖; 汪冠三; 马文丽

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the genetic polymorphisms of 17 Y-ehromosomal short tandem repeatsau -thor (STR) loci in Guangdong African population , provide basic statistics data for forensic application and to analyze the genetic relationships with 4 other populations. Methods: Seventeen Y-STR loci ( DYS456, DYS389I, DYS390, DYS389 II, DYS458, DYS19, DYS393, DYS385a/b, DYS391, DYS439, DYS635, DYS392, GATA H4, DYS437, DYS438, DYS448) were detected from 104 unrelated Guangzhou African male individuals by AmFISTR Yfiler  kit . We compared the above genetic information with Chinese Han population and three other Af -rican populations. Results: A total of 98 haplotypes were identified , 5 of which were found twice. The overall hap-lotype diversity for the 17 Y-STR loci was 0. 9991. Compaed with 4 other populations , the genetic distance between Guangzhou African population and Chinese Han population was the largest  (0. 3576) , while that between Guangzhou African population and Namibia population was the smallest (0. 0512). Conclusion: Multiplex detection of the 17 Y-STR loci by AmFISTR Yfiler  kit revealed a highly genetic polymorphsm. The Y-STR data investigated in this study would be useful in individual and fatherhood identification as well as population genetics analysis .%目的:研究广州地区居住的非洲籍男性无关个体的17个Y染色体上的短串联重复序列(Y-STR)基因座遗传多态性,为法医学DNA检验、鉴定提供基础数据并进行群体遗传分析.方法:使用AmFISTR YfilerTM试剂盒对104份广州地区的非州籍男性无关个体样本进行检测,获得以上样本DYS456,DYS389Ⅰ,DYS389Ⅱ,DYS390,DYS458,DYS19,DYS385a/b,DYS393,DYS391,DYS439,DYS635,DYS392,GATA_H4,DYS437,DYS438,DYS448等17个Y-STR基因座的遗传资料,并与中国汉族和国外有关群体进行群体遗传距离比较,并绘制遗传距离多维尺度分析图.结果:在104个男性无关个体样本中,共检验出98

  2. Analýza nestrukturovaných dat z bankovních stránek na sociální síti Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucie Šperková

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Sociální sítě jako novodobý kanál pro sdílení online Word of Mouth představuje pro bankovní společnosti příležitost, jak analyzovat komunikaci a názory svých zákazníků, které zde veřejně sdílejí. Článek ukazuje proces a výsledky pokročilé kontextové analýzy těchto nestrukturovaných dat vybraných veřejných bankovních stránek na sociální síti Facebook. Analýza zákaznických názorů, problémů a přání může hrát významnou roli pro pozici těchto společností na trhu a jejich orientaci na zákazníky. Využity byly metody shlukování a sentiment analýz, výsledky odrážejí stav chování zákazníků a bank na této síti. Článek zdůrazňuje důležitost problematiky Word of Mouth a jeho analýz informačními technologiemi. Zároveň diskutuje, jak analýza kontextu může přenést marketing na další úroveň identifikace zákazníkova chování a jeho vztahu ke společnosti.

  3. Y-STR frequency surveying method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Willuweit, Sascha; Caliebe, Amke; Andersen, Mikkel Meyer;

    2011-01-01

    be tested and improved. Here we provide new approaches to calculate the parameters used in the frequency surveying method: a maximum likelihood estimation of the regression parameters (r1, r2, s1 and s2) and a revised Frequency Surveying framework with variable binning and a database preprocessing to take...... the population sub-structure into account. We found good estimates for 11 metapopulations using both approaches and demonstrate that the statistical basis of the method is well supported and independent of the population under study. The results of the estimation process are reliable and robust if the underlying...

  4. A Gamma Model for Mixture STR Samples

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Susanne; Bøttcher, Susanne Gammelgaard; Morling, Niels;

    This project investigates the behavior of the PCR Amplification Kit. A number of known DNA-profiles are mixed two by two in "known" proportions and analyzed. Gamma distribution models are fitted to the resulting data to learn to what extent actual mixing proportions can be rediscovered in the...... amplifier output and thereby the question of confidence in separate DNA -profiles suggested by an output is addressed....

  5. BUS 508 Str course tutorial / uophelp

    OpenAIRE

    uophelp

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com     BUS 508 Week 1 Assignment Entrepreneurial Leadership " Five Guys Burgers and Fries: Ingredients for Success BUS 508 Assignment 2:  Competitive Strategies Bus 508 Assignment #3 Forensic Accounting in Practice BUS 508 Assignment 4 Internet Techolology, marketing, and Security    

  6. BUS 508 STR Material - bus508dotcom

    OpenAIRE

    lucky 101

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.bus508.com       BUS 508 Week 1 Assignment Entrepreneurial Leadership " Five Guys Burgers and Fries: Ingredients for Success BUS 508 Assignment 2:  Competitive Strategies Bus 508 Assignment #3 Forensic Accounting in Practice BUS 508 Assignment 4 Internet Techolology, marketing, and Security  

  7. BUS 501(str) UOP Course Tutorial/ Tutorialrank

    OpenAIRE

    john

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 3 Times, Rating: A Business - General Business Assignment 4: Technical and Cost or Price Evaluations and Price Reasonableness Due Week 8 and worth 130 points Imagine that you are a government employee (or military personnel). You have received a proposal from a contractor for a two-billion-dollar ($2,000,000,000) project for the purchase of fifty (52) towers to be installed on the Arizona-Mexico...

  8. Y-chromosome STR haplotypes in Danes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hallenberg, Charlotte; Nielsen, Karsten; Simonsen, Bo Thisted;

    2005-01-01

    A total of 185 unrelated Danish males were typed for the Y-chromosome STRs DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS389-I, DYS389-II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438 and DYS439 using the kits PowerPlex Y (Promega), ReliaGene Y-Plex 6 and ReliaGene Y-Plex 5 (Reliagene Technologies). A total of 163...... different haplotypes were observed and among these, 144 haplotypes were unique. The gene diversity was 0.9985. In DYS392, a variant allele migrating as a 10.2 allele was observed. Sequencing of the allele showed a deletion upstream the repeated area....

  9. Y-chromosome STR haplotypes in Somalis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hallenberg, Charlotte; Simonsen, Bo; Sanchez Sanchez, Juan Jose;

    2005-01-01

    A total of 201 males from Somalia were typed for the Y-chromosome STRs DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS389-I, DYS389-II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438 and DYS439 with the PowerPlex Y kit (Promega). A total of 96 different haplotypes were observed and the haplotype diversity was 0.9715. The...

  10. BUS 508 STR course tutorial / uophelp

    OpenAIRE

    uophelp

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com   BUS 508 Assignment 1 Entrepreneurial Leadership BUS 508 Assignment 2 Diversification Strategies (Wallmart and Kmart) BUS 508 Week 3 Assignment Production and Operations Management Marathon Oil BUS 508 Assignment 3 Using Teams in Production and Operations Management Boeing Co BUS 508 Assignment 4 Internet Technology, Marketing, and Security (Sony Corp) BUS 508 Assignment 5 Financial Management (Pepsi and Coc...

  11. Strålebehandling af kraeftsygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Specht, Lena

    2010-01-01

    Radiotherapy for cancer previously employed large treatment fields whereby cures were obtained. However, long-term follow-up documented serious long-term complications due to irradiation of normal tissues. Modern technology makes it possible to very accurately shape the high-dose volume. However...

  12. Ultrafiolett stråling og sykdomsrisiko

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trude Eid Robsahm

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The major source of human exposure to ultraviolet (UV radiation is sunlight, and UV-exposure influences the human health in two ways. Firstly, the ultraviolet components of sunlight are established as the main cause of all skin cancers. Based on this knowledge, encouragement of sun-protective behaviour seems to be the most effective public health measure to reduce incidence of skin cancer in the white population. Secondly, solar radiation is our main source of vitamin D, which is synthesised in the skin as a response to UV exposure. The hormone form of vitamin D is involved in several biological mechanisms. During the last few years, an increasing number of studies indicate that vitamin D inhibit the progression of several cancer forms and, thus, may increase the survival rate. A high level of vitamin D is also associated with a reduced risk of bone and skin diseases, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. The two potential effects of UV-exposure are not necessarily contradictory if the UV-exposure is moderate.

  13. BUS 599 Str course tutorial / uophelp

    OpenAIRE

    uophelp

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com   BUS 599 Week 1 Assignment Crafting and Executing Strategy Case JetBlue Airways BUS 599 Assignment #2 Competitive Forces and SWOT Analysis # Case Whole Foods Market BUS 599 Week 3 Assignment Foreign Market Entry and Diversification Case Corona Beer BUS 599 Week 4 Assignment HRM Issues Diversification Strategies Case Nucor Corporation BUS 599 Week 5 Assignment Corporate Culture Leadership Actions for Strategy Imp...

  14. Stræk og slip

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogh, Trine Kjær; Virén Riise, Dorte

    Bogen indeholder ideer til, hvordan du kan integrere afspænding i den almindelige undervisning, og der er særlige programmer til at arbejde med hovedpine og nakkesmerter, som erfaringsmæssigt fylder meget i den daglige undervisning, når man arbejder med udsatte mennesker...

  15. Services Subcontract Technical Representative (STR) handbook

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this handbook is to provide guidance to Bechtel Hanford, Inc. Subcontract Representatives in their assignments. It is the intention of this handbook to ensure that subcontract work is performed in accordance with the subcontract documents

  16. Ultrafiolett stråling og sykdomsrisiko

    OpenAIRE

    Trude Eid Robsahm; Steinar Tretli

    2009-01-01

    The major source of human exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation is sunlight, and UV-exposure influences the human health in two ways. Firstly, the ultraviolet components of sunlight are established as the main cause of all skin cancers. Based on this knowledge, encouragement of sun-protective behaviour seems to be the most effective public health measure to reduce incidence of skin cancer in the white population. Secondly, solar radiation is our main source of vitamin D, which is synthesised...

  17. Development of a 10-locus STR fluorescent-multiplex system for forensic purposes%10个STR基因座荧光复合扩增体系的研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁丽; 姜成涛; 叶健; 鲁涤; 白雪; 杨雪

    2012-01-01

    目的 建立10个STR基因座荧光标记复合扩增体系,并评价其法医学应用价值.方法 在北京、山西、广东汉族,辽宁满族、西藏藏族群体中调查STR基因座遗传多态性,筛选出9个具有高度多态性和法医应用价值的STR基因座及性别基因座.构建四色荧光素标记复合扩增体系,制备等位基因分型标准物,编制分析软件,并对体系的种属特异性、灵敏度、稳定性、混合样本等检测能力进行考察.结果 建立的复合扩增体系遗传稳定好,累积非父排除率可达0.99996,累积个体识别率可达0.9999999999993;与CODIS系统均不存在连锁遗传;各基因座间布局合理、无杂峰、扩增结果清晰易辨,并可实现检测分析自动化.体系种属特异性较好,灵敏度为0.1ng,稳定性好,混合样本检出范围在2∶8 ~8∶2之间.实际案例检材检测结果好.结论 本文建立的复合扩增体系在法医学实践中有较好的应用价值.%Objective To establish a new 10-locus STR fluorescent-multiplex system and evaluate its forensic application value. Methods 9 non-CODIS STRs were selected in accordance with the standards based on a survey of 5 ethnic groups in Beijing, Shanxi, Guangzhou, Xiuyan, and Tibet areas. With primers labeled by four color fluorescent dyes(FAM, HEX, TAMRA and ROX), a 10-losus multiplex amplification systems was established. The alleles were named according to the number of repeats, the allelic ladders were constructed, and the software Panel and Bin were developed to analyze the data. Then the species specificity, sensitivity, stability and detection ability for mixed samples of the established system were evaluated. Results The system was of good genetic stability and independence to CODIS loci. The cumulative probability of exclusion ( CPE ) and the cumulative power of discrimination (CPD) reached to 0. 999 96 and 0. 999 999 999 999 3 respectively. The genotyping peaks of amplified products were quite

  18. Evoluzione dei composti polifenolici in vini bianchi della sardegna durante la conservazione in bottiglia e caratterizzazione aromatica

    OpenAIRE

    Fanara, Cinzia

    2011-01-01

    Sardinia has a secular tradition in the wine industry and produces high value wines from red and white grapes. In the last two decades social wineries but mostly private producers have strongly been involved in increasing the quality of wines, in order to become competitive on the national and international markets. Thus, the aim of this work was to characterize bottled Muscat of Sorso- Sennori and Malvasia di Bosa wines for polyphenols, colour and aroma compounds and evaluate their evolution...

  19. 甘肃东乡族男性24个Y-STR基因座遗传多态性(英文)%Genetic Polymorphism of 24 Y-STR Loci in Dongxiang Ethnic Minority Male Resi-dents in Gansu Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骆继怀; 孙红兵; 杨鑫; 哈飞; 张子龙

    2016-01-01

    目的 检测24个Y-STR基因座单倍型的遗传多态性,探讨其法医物证学应用价值.方法 应用AGCU Y24试剂盒和3130xl型遗传分析仪对154例甘肃东乡族男性无关个体的24个Y-STR基因座(DYS391、DYS389Ⅰ、DYS439、DYS389Ⅱ、DYS438、DYS643、DYS456、DYS458、DYS437、DYS635、DYS448、DYS527a/b、Y-GATA-H4、DYS447、DYS19、DYS392、DYS522、DYS393、DYS388、DYS390、DYS385a/b、DYS444)进行检测,获得其基因型分布情况.结果 154例样本中共检出153种单倍型,单倍型多样性为0.9915和个体识别率为0.9940.结论 24个Y-STR复合扩增体系具有较高单倍型遗传多态性和个体识别率.%Objective To determine the genetic polymorphism of 24 Y-STR loci haplotype and investigate its application value in legal physical evidence.Methods AGCU Y24 kit and 3130xl Genetic Analyzer were used to detect the distribution of 24 Y-STR loci including DYS391,DYS389Ⅰ,DYS439,DYS389Ⅱ, DYS438, DYS643, DYS456, DYS458, DYS437, DYS635, DYS448, DYS527a/b, Y-GATA-H4, DYS447, DYS19,DYS392,DYS522,DYS393,DYS388,DYS390,DYS385a/b and DYS444in 154 unrelated individuals of Dongxiang ethnic minority males in Gansu province of China.Results A total number of 153 haplo-types were detected in 154 samples, the haplotype diversity was 0.9915 and the discrimination power was 0.9940.Conclusion The 24 Y-STR loci system has high haplotype diversity and discrimination power.

  20. Haplotype frequency and mutation of 17 Y-STR loci in Han population in Guangdong Province%17个Y-STR基因座在广东汉族人群中的单倍型频率及突变率

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翁玮霞; 刘宏; 刘超; 李双琳; 刘长晖; 王慧君

    2013-01-01

    目的 调查Y-filer检测系统中17个Y-STR基因座在广东汉族中的多态性及遗传稳定性,研究其法医学应用效能.方法 应用Y-filer检验体系对广东汉族1000个男性无关个体及1000对确定亲子关系的父子进行Y-STR分型,计算17个Y-STR基因座的的单倍型频率,对发生突变的基因座进行单基因座扩增和测序验证后计算突变率.结果 1000个广东男性无关个体中没有发现相同的单倍型,单倍型多样性达到1.0000,17个Y-STR基因座的基因多样性值在0.4285(DYS391)~0.9654(DYS385a/b)之间.1000对父子17个基因座共观察17 000次减数分裂,共发现46次突变,平均突变率为0.0027(95% CI,0.0020~0.0036).结论 Y-filer检测系统在广东汉族人群中具有高度多态性,在父权鉴定、个体识别等法医学应用中具有重要价值.%Objective To investigate the polymorphisms of 17 Y-STR loci in Han population in Guangdong Province and explore its application in forensic medicine. Method Seventeen Y-STR loci (DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS635, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, Y-GATA-H4) were analyzed using Y filer?kit in 1000 unrelated individuals and 1000 DNA-confirmed father-son pairs. All mutations were confirmed by DNA sequence analysis. Results No shared haplotypes were observed among the 1000 unrelated male individuals, and the gene diversity of 17 Y-STR loci ranged from 0.4285 (DYS391) to 0.9654 (DYS385a/b). The samples yielded an overall haplotype diversity of 1.000. A total of 17000 meiotic events were investigated in 1000 father-son pairs with DNA-confirmed biological paternity and 46 differences were observed between the fathers and sons. The average mutation rate was 0.0027 (95% CI, 0.0020-0.0036) per locus. Conclusion The 17 Y-STR loci included in Y-filer have high genetic polymorphisms in South China Han population and have good prospect for application in forensic medicine.