WorldWideScience

Sample records for aromatherapy

  1. Aromatherapy and Essential Oils (PDQ)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Professionals Questions to Ask about Your Treatment Research Aromatherapy and Essential Oils (PDQ®)–Patient Version Overview Go ... made (see Question 8 ). Questions and Answers About Aromatherapy What is aromatherapy? Aromatherapy is the use of ...

  2. Aromatherapy: a systematic review.

    OpenAIRE

    Cooke, B.; Ernst, E.

    2000-01-01

    Aromatherapy is becoming increasingly popular; however there are few clear indications for its use. To systematically review the literature on aromatherapy in order to discover whether any clinical indication may be recommended for its use, computerised literature searches were performed to retrieve all randomised controlled trials of aromatherapy from the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, British Nursing Index, CISCOM, and AMED. The methodological quality of the trials was assessed using...

  3. Aromatherapy in midwifery practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Einion, Alys

    2016-05-01

    Aromatherapy is a complementary therapy that uses essential oils of plants to achieve therapeutic effects. Midwives can offer complementary therapies to women if they have been trained in their use and follow the required professional frameworks for regulation, permissions, monitoring and insurance. This article explores the use of aromatherapy to ease a common condition of pregnancy: that of lower back pain. This may be due to the lordosis of pregnancy, caused by the hormone relaxin--which increases in pregnancy and causes greater flexibility of joints and connective tissue--and by changes in body mass and centre of gravity; but it could also be caused by something else, such as strain or repeated movement. Any midwife offering aromatherapy should ensure that all other potential conditions and contraindications have been considered before commencing treatment, and would carry out a full assessment including taking adetailed history. PMID:27295753

  4. Aromatherapy Oils: Commodities, Materials, Essences

    OpenAIRE

    Ruth Barcan

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the essential oils that are the central tools of aromatherapy and uses them as a case study for different approaches to material culture. It considers the conceptual and political implications of thinking of essential oils as, in turn, commodities, materials and essences. I argue that both cultural studies and aromatherapy have something to learn from each other. Classic materialist approaches might do well to focus more attention on the material properties and effects o...

  5. Aromatherapy Oils: Commodities, Materials, Essences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Barcan

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the essential oils that are the central tools of aromatherapy and uses them as a case study for different approaches to material culture. It considers the conceptual and political implications of thinking of essential oils as, in turn, commodities, materials and essences. I argue that both cultural studies and aromatherapy have something to learn from each other. Classic materialist approaches might do well to focus more attention on the material properties and effects of things. Aromatherapy, on the other hand, could benefit from the enriched political understanding associated with classic materialist critique. New materialist strains of cultural studies may also find the vibrancy of matter that underpins many CAM/New Age practices worthy of examination.

  6. [Enriching patient care with aromatherapy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sogno-Lalloz, Isabelle

    2014-01-01

    There are increasing numbers of initiatives in healthcare institutions focusing on the benefits of essential oils. Received positively by patients who appreciate the resulting wellbeing, these innovative approaches around aromatherapy are based on the initiative of pioneering caregivers. Following on from an international congress held each year in Grasse, this article presents some example schemes. PMID:25065196

  7. Anxiolytic Effect of Aromatherapy Massage in Patients with Breast Cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Jiro Imanishi; Hiroko Kuriyama; Ichiro Shigemori; Satoko Watanabe; Yuka Aihara; Masakazu Kita; Kiyoshi Sawai; Hiroo Nakajima; Noriko Yoshida; Masahiro Kunisawa; Masanori Kawase; Kenji Fukui

    2009-01-01

    We examined how aromatherapy massage influenced psychologic and immunologic parameters in 12 breast cancer patients in an open semi-comparative trial. We compared the results 1 month before aromatherapy massage as a waiting control period with those during aromatherapy massage treatment and 1 month after the completion of aromatherapy sessions. The patients received a 30 min aromatherapy massage twice a week for 4 weeks (eight times in total). The results showed that anxiety was reduced in on...

  8. Anxiolytic Effect of Aromatherapy Massage in Patients with Breast Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiro Imanishi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We examined how aromatherapy massage influenced psychologic and immunologic parameters in 12 breast cancer patients in an open semi-comparative trial. We compared the results 1 month before aromatherapy massage as a waiting control period with those during aromatherapy massage treatment and 1 month after the completion of aromatherapy sessions. The patients received a 30 min aromatherapy massage twice a week for 4 weeks (eight times in total. The results showed that anxiety was reduced in one 30 min aromatherapy massage in State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI test and also reduced in eight sequential aromatherapy massage sessions in the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS test. Our results further suggested that aromatherapy massage ameliorated the immunologic state. Further investigations are required to confirm the anxiolytic effect of aromatherapy in breast cancer patients.

  9. Aromatherapy and nursing: historical and theoretical conception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Rizzo Gnatta

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Aromatherapy is a Practical or Complementary Health Therapy that uses volatile concentrates extracted from plants called essential oils, in order to improve physical, mental and emotional well-being. Aromatherapy has been practiced historically and worldwide by nurses and, as in Brazil is supported by the Federal Nursing Council, it is relevant to discuss this practice in the context of Nursing through Theories of Nursing. This study of theoretical reflection, exploratory and descriptive, aims to discuss the pharmacognosy of essential oils, the historical trajectory of Aromatherapy in Nursing and the conceptions to support Aromatherapy in light of eight Nursing Theorists (Florence Nightingale, Myra Levine, Hildegard Peplau, Martha Rogers, Callista Roy, Wanda Horta, Jean Watson and Katharine Kolcaba, contributing to its inclusion as a nursing care practice.

  10. [Aromatherapy and nursing: historical and theoretical conception].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gnatta, Juliana Rizzo; Kurebayashi, Leonice Fumiko Sato; Turrini, Ruth Natalia Teresa; Silva, Maria Júlia Paes da

    2016-02-01

    Aromatherapy is a Practical or Complementary Health Therapy that uses volatile concentrates extracted from plants called essential oils, in order to improve physical, mental and emotional well-being. Aromatherapy has been practiced historically and worldwide by nurses and, as in Brazil is supported by the Federal Nursing Council, it is relevant to discuss this practice in the context of Nursing through Theories of Nursing. This study of theoretical reflection, exploratory and descriptive, aims to discuss the pharmacognosy of essential oils, the historical trajectory of Aromatherapy in Nursing and the conceptions to support Aromatherapy in light of eight Nursing Theorists (Florence Nightingale, Myra Levine, Hildegard Peplau, Martha Rogers, Callista Roy, Wanda Horta, Jean Watson and Katharine Kolcaba), contributing to its inclusion as a nursing care practice. PMID:27007430

  11. Aromatherapy and nursing: historical and theoretical conception

    OpenAIRE

    Juliana Rizzo Gnatta; Leonice Fumiko Sato Kurebayashi; Ruth Natalia Teresa Turrini; Maria Júlia Paes da Silva

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Aromatherapy is a Practical or Complementary Health Therapy that uses volatile concentrates extracted from plants called essential oils, in order to improve physical, mental and emotional well-being. Aromatherapy has been practiced historically and worldwide by nurses and, as in Brazil is supported by the Federal Nursing Council, it is relevant to discuss this practice in the context of Nursing through Theories of Nursing. This study of theoretical reflection, exploratory and descrip...

  12. The multisensory approach to birth and aromatherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutteridge, Kathryn

    2014-05-01

    The birth environment continues to be a subject of midwifery discourse within theory and practice. This article discusses the birth environment from the perspective of understanding the aromas and aromatherapy for the benefit of women and midwives The dynamic between the olfactory system and stimulation of normal birth processes proves to be fascinating. By examining other health models of care we can incorporate simple but powerful methods that can shape clinical outcomes. There is still more that midwives can do by using aromatherapy in the context of a multisensory approach to make birth environments synchronise with women's potential to birth in a positive way. PMID:24873114

  13. EFFECTS OF AROMATHERAPY FOR SELF-CARE DURING PREGNANCY

    OpenAIRE

    Igarashi, Toshiko; Fujita, Mineko

    2010-01-01

    Stress reduction care is important for pregnant women to decrease obstetric complications and children's health problems after birth. We investigated the long-term effects during pregnancy of daily self-care with aromatherapy using essential oils containing linalyl acetate and linalool. We randomly assigned 16 healthy pregnant women into an aromatherapy group and a control group. Nine participants were assigned to the aromatherapy group and seven participants to the control group. Interventio...

  14. Development Prospect of Aromatherapy Industry in Yunnan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Peng, Ziyun; LI, Dantong; Rui CHEN; Qian, Min; Chen, Yiqi; YANG, Hongjun

    2014-01-01

    This paper firstly introduced domestic and foreign supply of products processed by aromatherapy plant. On the basis of predicting market demand of aromatherapy plant, it analyzed current development situation of the plant in Yunnan Province. It arrived at the conclusion that the industry has broad market prospect. Then, it analyzed competitive advantages and risk factors of aromatherapy plant in Yunnan Province. There are climate, location and price advantages, but due to lack of product stan...

  15. Immunological and Psychological Benefits of Aromatherapy Massage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroko Kuriyama

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This preliminary investigation compares peripheral blood cell counts including red blood cells (RBCs, white blood cells (WBCs, neutrophils, peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs, CD4+, CD8+ and CD16+ lymphocytes, CD4+/CD8+ ratio, hematocrit, humoral parameters including serum interferon-γ and interleukin-6, salivary secretory immunoglobulin A (IgA. Psychological measures including the State–Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI questionnaire and the Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS between recipients (n = 11 of carrier oil massage and aromatherapy massage, which includes sweet almond oil, lavender oil, cypress oil and sweet marjoram oil. Though both STAI and SDS showed a significant reduction (P 0.05 increase in PBLs, possibly due to an increase in CD8+ and CD16+ lymphocytes, which had significantly increased post-treatment (P < 0.01. Consequently, the CD4+/CD8+ ratio decreased significantly (P < 0.01. The paucity of such differences after carrier oil massage suggests that aromatherapy massage could be beneficial in disease states that require augmentation of CD8+ lymphocytes. While this study identifies the immunological benefits of aromatherapy massage, there is a need to validate the findings prospectively in a larger cohort of patients.

  16. [Benefits of aromatherapy in dementia special care units].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilien, Corinne; Depas, Nathalie; Delaporte, Ghislaine; Baptiste, Nathalie

    2016-01-01

    Aromatherapy is classed as a non-pharmacological treatment, recognised as a therapy for certain disorders. This practice was the subject of a study in a special care unit for patients with dementia. The objective was to demonstrate the benefit of aromatherapy diffusion on major behavioural disorders. PMID:27173630

  17. Development Prospect of Aromatherapy Industry in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ziyun; PENG; Dantong; LI; Rui; CHEN; Min; QIAN; Yiqi; CHEN; Hongjun; YANG

    2014-01-01

    This paper firstly introduced domestic and foreign supply of products processed by aromatherapy plant. On the basis of predicting market demand of aromatherapy plant,it analyzed current development situation of the plant in Yunnan Province. It arrived at the conclusion that the industry has broad market prospect. Then,it analyzed competitive advantages and risk factors of aromatherapy plant in Yunnan Province. There are climate,location and price advantages,but due to lack of product standard,it is difficult to guarantee quality,and there are certain market risks. Finally,it put forward recommendations for development of aromatherapy industry:( 1) taking full advantage of preferential policies to set up leading enterprises and realize radiated development;( 2) bringing into play of resource advantages and introducing capitals and technologies;( 3) Fostering market and driving the industrial development.

  18. Aromatherapy: The Doctor Of Natural Harmony Of Body & Mind

    OpenAIRE

    Yatri R. Shah; Dhrubo Jyoti Sen; Ravi N. Patel; Jimit S. Patel; Ankit D. Patel; Parimal M. Prajapati

    2011-01-01

    Aromatherapy is a form of alternative medicine that uses volatile plant materials, known as essential oils, and other aromatic compounds for the purpose of altering a person's mind, mood, cognitive function or health. Since some essential oils such as tea tree have demonstrated anti-microbial effects, it has been suggested that they may be useful for the treatment of infectious diseases. Evidence for the efficacy of aromatherapy in treating medical conditions remains poor, with a particular l...

  19. Assessing the Metabolic Effects of Aromatherapy in Human Volunteers

    OpenAIRE

    Yinan Zhang; Yani Wu; Tianlu Chen; Lei Yao; Jiajian Liu; Xiaolan Pan; Yixue Hu; Aihua Zhao; Guoxiang Xie; Wei Jia

    2013-01-01

    Aromatherapy, a form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) that uses essential oils through inhalation, is believed to enhance physical and spiritual conditions. Although clinical studies suggest that the use of essential oils may have therapeutic potential, evidence for the efficacy of aromatherapy in treating medical conditions remains poor, with a particular lack of studies employing rigorous analytical methods that capture its identifiable impact on human biology. Here, we repor...

  20. Biosignals Analysis for Kidney Function Effect Analysis of Fennel Aromatherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bong-Hyun Kim

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Human effort in order to enjoy a healthy life is diverse. IT technology to these analyzes, the results of development efforts, it has been applied. Therefore, I use the care and maintenance diagnostic health management and prevention than treatment. In particular, the aromatherapy treatment easy to use without the side effects there is no irritation, are widely used in modern society. In this paper, we measured the aroma effect by applying a biosignal analysis techniques; an experiment was performed to analyze. In particular, we design methods and processes of research based on the theory aroma that affect renal function. Therefore, in this paper, measuring the biosignals and after fennel aromatherapy treatment prior to the enforcement of the mutual comparison, through the analysis, studies were carried out to analyze the effect of fennel aromatherapy therapy on kidney function.

  1. Biosignals analysis for kidney function effect analysis of fennel aromatherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Bong-Hyun; Cho, Dong-Uk; Seo, Ssang-Hee

    2015-01-01

    Human effort in order to enjoy a healthy life is diverse. IT technology to these analyzes, the results of development efforts, it has been applied. Therefore, I use the care and maintenance diagnostic health management and prevention than treatment. In particular, the aromatherapy treatment easy to use without the side effects there is no irritation, are widely used in modern society. In this paper, we measured the aroma effect by applying a biosignal analysis techniques; an experiment was performed to analyze. In particular, we design methods and processes of research based on the theory aroma that affect renal function. Therefore, in this paper, measuring the biosignals and after fennel aromatherapy treatment prior to the enforcement of the mutual comparison, through the analysis, studies were carried out to analyze the effect of fennel aromatherapy therapy on kidney function. PMID:25977696

  2. Essential oils used in aromatherapy: A systemic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babar Ali

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, use of alternative and complementary therapies with mainstream medicine has gained the momentum. Aromatherapy is one of the complementary therapies which use essential oils as the major therapeutic agents to treat several diseases. The essential or volatile oils are extracted from the flowers, barks, stem, leaves, roots, fruits and other parts of the plant by various methods. It came into existence after the scientists deciphered the antiseptic and skin permeability properties of essential oils. Inhalation, local application and baths are the major methods used in aromatherapy that utilize these oils to penetrate the human skin surface with marked aura. Once the oils are in the system, they remodulate themselves and work in a friendly manner at the site of malfunction or at the affected area. This type of therapy utilizes various permutation and combinations to get relief from numerous ailments like depression, indigestion, headache, insomnia, muscular pain, respiratory problems, skin ailments, swollen joints, urine associated complications etc. The essential oils are found to be more beneficial when other aspects of life and diet are given due consideration. This review explores the information available in the literature regarding therapeutic, medical, cosmetic, psychological, olfactory, massage aromatherapy, safety issues and different plants used in aromatherapy. All the available information was compiled from electronic databases such as Academic Journals, Ethnobotany, Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, Web of Science, and library search.

  3. Aromatherapy: The Doctor Of Natural Harmony Of Body & Mind

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yatri R. Shah

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Aromatherapy is a form of alternative medicine that uses volatile plant materials, known as essential oils, and other aromatic compounds for the purpose of altering a person's mind, mood, cognitive function or health. Since some essential oils such as tea tree have demonstrated anti-microbial effects, it has been suggested that they may be useful for the treatment of infectious diseases. Evidence for the efficacy of aromatherapy in treating medical conditions remains poor, with a particular lack of studies employing rigorous methodology; however some evidence exists that essential oils may have therapeutic potential. Aromatherapy is the practice of using the natural oils extracted from flowers, bark, stems, leaves, roots or other parts of a plant to enhance psychological and physical well-being. The inhaled aroma from these “essential” oils is widely believed to stimulate brain function. Essential oils can also be absorbed through the skin, where they travel through the bloodstream and can promote whole-body healing. A form of alternative medicine, aromatherapy is gaining momentum. It is used for a variety of applications, including pain relief, mood enhancement and increased cognitive function. There are a wide number of essential oils available, each with its own healing properties.

  4. Essential oils used in aromatherapy: A systemic review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Babar; Ali; Naser; Ali; Al-Wabel; Saiba; Shams; Aftab; Ahamad; Shah; Alam; Khan; Firoz; Anwar

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays, use of alternative and complementary therapies with mainstream medicine has gained the momentum. Aromatherapy is one of the complementary therapies which use essential oils as the major therapeutic agents to treat several diseases. The essential or volatile oils are extracted from the flowers, barks, stem, leaves, roots, fruits and other parts of the plant by various methods. It came into existence after the scientists deciphered the antiseptic and skin permeability properties of essential oils. Inhalation, local application and baths are the major methods used in aromatherapy that utilize these oils to penetrate the human skin surface with marked aura. Once the oils are in the system, they remodulate themselves and work in a friendly manner at the site of malfunction or at the affected area. This type of therapy utilizes various permutation and combinations to get relief from numerous ailments like depression, indigestion, headache, insomnia, muscular pain, respiratory problems, skin ailments, swollen joints, urine associated complications etc. The essential oils are found to be more beneficial when other aspects of life and diet are given due consideration. This review explores the information available in the literature regarding therapeutic, medical, cosmetic, psychological, olfactory, massage aromatherapy, safety issues and different plants used in aromatherapy. All the available information was compiled from electronic databases such as Academic Journals, Ethnobotany, Google Scholar, PubM ed, Science Direct, Web of Science, and library search.

  5. Expectancy of Stress-Reducing Aromatherapy Effect and Performance on a Stress-Sensitive Cognitive Task

    OpenAIRE

    Irina Chamine; Oken, Barry S.

    2015-01-01

    Objective. Stress-reducing therapies help maintain cognitive performance during stress. Aromatherapy is popular for stress reduction, but its effectiveness and mechanism are unclear. This study examined stress-reducing effects of aromatherapy on cognitive function using the go/no-go (GNG) task performance and event related potentials (ERP) components sensitive to stress. The study also assessed the importance of expectancy in aromatherapy actions. Methods. 81 adults were randomized to 3 aroma...

  6. A systematic review on the anxiolytic effects of aromatherapy in people with anxiety symptoms

    OpenAIRE

    Cheung, WM; Lee, YL; Wu, Y.; Tsang, HWH; Leung, AY

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: We reviewed studies from 1990 to 2010 on using aromatherapy for people with anxiety or anxiety symptoms and examined their clinical effects. Methods: The review was conducted on available electronic databases to extract journal articles that evaluated the anxiolytic effects of aromatherapy for people with anxiety symptoms. Results: The results were based on 16 randomized controlled trials examining the anxiolytic effects of aromatherapy among people with anxiety symptoms. Most of the...

  7. Aromatherapy Benefits Autonomic Nervous System Regulation for Elementary School Faculty in Taiwan

    OpenAIRE

    Kang-Ming Chang; Chuh-Wei Shen

    2011-01-01

    Workplace stress-related illness is a serious issue, and consequently many stress reduction methods have been investigated. Aromatherapy is especially for populations that work under high stress. Elementary school teachers are a high-stress working population in Taiwan. In this study, fifty-four elementary school teachers were recruited to evaluate aromatherapy performance on stress reduction. Bergamot essential oil was used for aromatherapy spray for 10 minutes. Blood pressure and autonomic ...

  8. Biosignals Analysis for Kidney Function Effect Analysis of Fennel Aromatherapy

    OpenAIRE

    Bong-Hyun Kim; Dong-Uk Cho; Ssang-Hee Seo

    2015-01-01

    Human effort in order to enjoy a healthy life is diverse. IT technology to these analyzes, the results of development efforts, it has been applied. Therefore, I use the care and maintenance diagnostic health management and prevention than treatment. In particular, the aromatherapy treatment easy to use without the side effects there is no irritation, are widely used in modern society. In this paper, we measured the aroma effect by applying a biosignal analysis techniques; an experiment was pe...

  9. Essential oils used in aromatherapy: A systemic review

    OpenAIRE

    Babar Ali; Naser Ali Al-Wabel; Saiba Shams; Aftab Ahamad; Shah Alam Khan; Firoz Anwar

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays, use of alternative and complementary therapies with mainstream medicine has gained the momentum. Aromatherapy is one of the complementary therapies which use essential oils as the major therapeutic agents to treat several diseases. The essential or volatile oils are extracted from the flowers, barks, stem, leaves, roots, fruits and other parts of the plant by various methods. It came into existence after the scientists deciphered the antiseptic and skin permeability properties of es...

  10. Assessing the Metabolic Effects of Aromatherapy in Human Volunteers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yinan Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aromatherapy, a form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM that uses essential oils through inhalation, is believed to enhance physical and spiritual conditions. Although clinical studies suggest that the use of essential oils may have therapeutic potential, evidence for the efficacy of aromatherapy in treating medical conditions remains poor, with a particular lack of studies employing rigorous analytical methods that capture its identifiable impact on human biology. Here, we report a comprehensive metabolomics study that reveals metabolic changes in people after exposed to aroma inhalation for 10 continuous days. In this study, the metabolic alterations in urine of 31 females with mild anxiety symptoms exposed to aerial diffusion of aromas were measured by GC-TOF-MS and UPLC-Q-TOF-MS analyses. A significant alteration of metabolic profile in subjects responsive to essential oil was found, which is characterized by the increased levels of arginine, homocysteine, and betaine, as well as decreased levels of alcohols, carbohydrates, and organic acids in urine. Notably, the metabolites from tricarboxylic acid (TCA cycle and gut microbial metabolism were significantly altered. This study demonstrates that the metabolomics approach can capture the subtle metabolic changes resulting from exposure to essential oils, which may lead to an improved mechanistic understanding of aromatherapy.

  11. An evaluation of aromatherapy massage in palliative care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkinson, S; Aldridge, J; Salmon, I; Cain, E; Wilson, B

    1999-09-01

    The use of complementary therapies, such as massage and aromatherapy massage, is rising in popularity among patients and healthcare professionals. They are increasingly being used to improve the quality of life of patients, but there is little evidence of their efficacy. This study assessed the effects of massage and aromatherapy massage on cancer patients in a palliative care setting. We studied 103 patients, who were randomly allocated to receive massage using a carrier oil (massage) or massage using a carrier oil plus the Roman chamomile essential oil (aromatherapy massage). Outcome measurements included the Rotterdam Symptom Checklist (RSCL), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and a semi-structured questionnaire, administered 2 weeks postmassage, to explore patients' perceptions of massage. There was a statistically significant reduction in anxiety after each massage on the STAI (P essential oils appears to reduce levels of anxiety. The addition of an essential oil seems to enhance the effect of massage and to improve physical and psychological symptoms, as well as overall quality of life. PMID:10659113

  12. The Anxiolytic Effect of Aromatherapy on Patients Awaiting Ambulatory Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng-Hua Ni

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine if aromatherapy could reduce preoperative anxiety in ambulatory surgery patients. A total of 109 preoperative patients were randomly assigned to experimental (bergamot essential oil and control (water vapor conditions and their responses to the State Trait Anxiety Inventory and vital signs were monitored. Patients were stratified by previous surgical experience, but that did not influence the results. All those exposed to bergamot essential oil aromatherapy showed a greater reduction in preoperative anxiety than those in the control groups. Aromatherapy may be a useful part of a holistic approach to reducing preoperative anxiety before ambulatory surgery.

  13. Evaluating Effects of Aromatherapy Massage on Sleep in Children with Autism: A Pilot Study

    OpenAIRE

    Tim I. Williams

    2006-01-01

    Previous studies have found beneficial effects of aromatherapy massage for agitation in people with dementia, for pain relief and for poor sleep. Children with autism often have sleep difficulties, and it was thought that aromatherapy massage might enable more rapid sleep onset, less sleep disruption and longer sleep duration. Twelve children with autism and learning difficulties (2 girls and 10 boys aged between 12 years 2 months to 15 years 7 months) in a residential school participated in ...

  14. Aromatherapy Massage Affects Menopausal Symptoms in Korean Climacteric Women: A Pilot-Controlled Clinical Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Myung-Haeng Hur; Yun Seok Yang; Myeong Soo Lee

    2007-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of aromatherapy massage on menopausal symptoms in Korean climacteric women. Kupperman's menopausal index was used to compare an experimental group of 25 climacteric women with a wait-listed control group of 27 climacteric women. Aromatherapy was applied topically to subjects in the experimental group in the form of massage on the abdomen, back and arms using lavender, rose geranium, rose and jasmine in almond and primrose oils once a week for 8 weeks (eight...

  15. Aromatherapy as an Adjuvant Treatment in Cancer Care — A Descriptive Systematic Review

    OpenAIRE

    Boehm, Katja; Büssing, Arndt; Ostermann, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    Claims of benefits of aromatherapy for cancer patients include reduced anxiety levels and relief of emotional stress, pain, muscular tension and fatigue. The objective of this paper is to provide an updated descriptive, systematic review of evidence from pre-clinical and clinical trials assessing the benefits and safety of aromatherapy for cancer patients. Literature databases such as Medline (via Ovid), the Cochrane database of systematic reviews, Cochrane Central were searched from their in...

  16. Evaluating Effects of Aromatherapy Massage on Sleep in Children with Autism: A Pilot Study

    OpenAIRE

    Tim I. Williams

    2006-01-01

    Previous studies have found beneficial effects of aromatherapy massage for agitation in people with dementia, for pain relief and for poor sleep. Children with autism often have sleep difficulties, and it was thought that aromatherapy massage might enable more rapid sleep onset, less sleep disruption and longer sleep duration. Twelve children with autism and learning difficulties (2 girls and 10 boys aged between 12 years 2 months to 15 years 7 months) in a residential school participated i...

  17. Effect of Inhalation of Aromatherapy Oil on Patients with Perennial Allergic Rhinitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Seo Yeon Choi; Kyungsook Park

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the effects of aromatherapy oil inhalation on symptoms, quality of life, sleep quality, and fatigue level among adults with perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR). Fifty-four men and women aged between 20 and 60 were randomized to inhale aromatherapy oil containing essential oil from sandalwood, geranium, and Ravensara or almond oil (the placebo) for 5 minutes twice daily for 7 days. PAR symptoms determined by Total Nasal Symptom Score (TNSS), the Rhinoconjunctiviti...

  18. Development of a Health System-Based Nurse-Delivered Aromatherapy Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joswiak, Denise; Kinney, Mary Ellen; Johnson, Jill R; Kolste, Alison K; Griffin, Kristen H; Rivard, Rachael L; Dusek, Jeffery A

    2016-04-01

    Healthcare systems are increasingly looking to integrate aromatherapy (essential oils) as a safe, low-cost, and nonpharmacologic option for patient care to reduce pain, nausea, and anxiety and to improve sleep. This article describes the development and implementation of a healthcare system-wide program of nurse-delivered essential oil therapeutic interventions to inpatients throughout an acute care setting. In addition, we provide lessons learned for nursing administrators interested in developing similar nurse-delivered aromatherapy programs. PMID:27011157

  19. Massage with aromatherapy: effectiveness on anxiety of users with personality disorders in psychiatric hospitalization

    OpenAIRE

    Thiago da Silva Domingos; Eliana Mara Braga

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the effectiveness of aromatherapy massage using the essential oils (0.5%) of Lavandula angustifolia and Pelargonium graveolens for anxiety reduction in patients with personality disorders during psychiatric hospitalization. METHOD Uncontrolled clinical trial with 50 subjects submitted to six massages with aromatherapy, performed on alternate days, on the cervical and the posterior thoracic regions. Vital data (heart and respiratory rate) were collected before and afte...

  20. Does lavender aromatherapy alleviate premenstrual emotional symptoms?: a randomized crossover trial

    OpenAIRE

    Matsumoto, Tamaki; Asakura, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Tatsuya

    2013-01-01

    Background A majority of reproductive-age women experience a constellation of various symptoms in the premenstrual phase, commonly known as premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Despite its prevalence, however, no single treatment is universally recognized as effective, and many women turn to alternative approaches, including aromatherapy, a holistic mind and body treatment. The present study investigated the soothing effects of aromatherapy on premenstrual symptoms using lavender (Lavandula angustifo...

  1. The effect of inhalation aromatherapy on anxiety level of the patients in preoperative period

    OpenAIRE

    Fayazi, Sadigheh; Babashahi, Monireh; Rezaei, Mehdi

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Anxiety is the one of the most common problems before the surgery. Its prevalence rate ranged from 11 to 80 percent in all the adult patients. Delay in wound healing and increasing use of narcotics and anesthetics are some of the other accompanying problems. Aromatherapy is one of the complementary medicine components. It is applied by special type of oil extracted from aromatic plants for medical objectives. This study aimed to investigate the effects of inhalation aromatherapy o...

  2. Aromatherapy With Citrus Aurantium Oil and Anxiety During the First Stage of Labor

    OpenAIRE

    Namazi, Masoumeh; Amir Ali Akbari, Seddigheh; Mojab, Faraz; Talebi, Atefe; Alavi Majd, Hamid; Jannesari, Sharareh

    2014-01-01

    Background: Anxiety is the most common psychological response of women to labor. Aromatherapy, i.e. the use of fragrant essential oils to stimulate the olfactory system, can create a state of calmness and help to alleviate anxiety. Objectives: The present study tried to determine the efficacy of aromatherapy with Citrus aurantium oil in reducing anxiety during the first stage of labor. Patients and Methods: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on two groups of pregnant women, referred...

  3. The Effect of Inhalation of Aromatherapy Blend containing Lavender Essential Oil on Cesarean Postoperative Pain

    OpenAIRE

    Olapour, Alireza; Behaeen, Kaveh; Akhondzadeh, Reza; Soltani, Farhad; al Sadat Razavi, Forough; Bekhradi, Reza

    2013-01-01

    Background Pain is a major problem in patients after cesarean and medication such as aromatherapy which is a complementary therapy, in which the essences of the plants oils are used to reduce such undesirable conditions. Objectives In this study, the effect of aromatherapy using Lavender (Lavandula) essential oil on cesarean postoperative pain was assessed. Materials and Methods In a triple blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial study, 60 pregnant women who were admitted to a general hosp...

  4. Aromatherapy Massage on the Abdomen for Alleviating Menstrual Pain in High School Girls: A Preliminary Controlled Clinical Study

    OpenAIRE

    Myung-Haeng Hur; Myeong Soo Lee; Ka-Yeon Seong; Mi-Kyoung Lee

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the alleviating effects of aromatherapy massage and acetaminophen on menstrual pain in Korean high school girls. Subjects were divided into two groups: the aromatherapy massage (treatment) group ( = 3 2 ) and the acetaminophen (control) group ( = 2 3 ). Aromatherapy massage was performed on subjects in the treatment group. The abdomen was massaged once using clary sage, marjoram, cinnamon, ginger, and geranium in a base of almond oil. The level of menstrual pain wa...

  5. The Clinical Effects of Aromatherapy Massage on Reducing Pain for the Cancer Patients: Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

    OpenAIRE

    Ting-Hao Chen; Tao-Hsin Tung; Pei-Shih Chen; Shu-Hui Wang; Chuang-Min Chao; Nan-Hsing Hsiung; Ching-Chi Chi

    2016-01-01

    Purpose. Aromatherapy massage is an alternative treatment in reducing the pain of the cancer patients. This study was to investigate whether aromatherapy massage could improve the pain of the cancer patients. Methods. We searched PubMed and Cochrane Library for relevant randomized controlled trials without language limitations between 1 January 1990 and 31 July 2015 with a priori defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. The search terms included aromatherapy, essential oil, pain, ache, cance...

  6. The Physical Effects of Aromatherapy in Alleviating Work-Related Stress on Elementary School Teachers in Taiwan

    OpenAIRE

    Shing-Hong Liu; Tzu-Hsin Lin; Kang-Ming Chang

    2013-01-01

    People use aromatherapy to relieve the symptoms of physical and psychological stress. However, previous studies have not precisely clarified a scientific basis for the beneficial effects of aromatherapy. Therefore, the overall purpose of this study was to elucidate the beneficial effect of aromatherapy in relieving work-related stress. Twenty-nine elementary school teachers from Taiwan participated in this study. The experimental procedures comprised 2 phases. First, we verified the effect of...

  7. Evaluating Effects of Aromatherapy Massage on Sleep in Children with Autism: A Pilot Study

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    Tim I. Williams

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Previous studies have found beneficial effects of aromatherapy massage for agitation in people with dementia, for pain relief and for poor sleep. Children with autism often have sleep difficulties, and it was thought that aromatherapy massage might enable more rapid sleep onset, less sleep disruption and longer sleep duration. Twelve children with autism and learning difficulties (2 girls and 10 boys aged between 12 years 2 months to 15 years 7 months in a residential school participated in a within subjects repeated measures design: 3 nights when the children were given aromatherapy massage with lavender oil were compared with 14 nights when it was not given. The children were checked every 30 min throughout the night to determine the time taken for the children to settle to sleep, the number of awakenings and the sleep duration. One boy's data were not analyzed owing to lengthy absence. Repeated measures analysis revealed no differences in any of the sleep measures between the nights when the children were given aromatherapy massage and nights when the children were not given aromatherapy massage. The results suggest that the use of aromatherapy massage with lavender oil has no beneficial effect on the sleep patterns of children with autism attending a residential school. It is possible that there are greater effects in the home environment or with longer-term interventions.

  8. Aromatherapy Benefits Autonomic Nervous System Regulation for Elementary School Faculty in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kang-Ming Chang

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Workplace stress-related illness is a serious issue, and consequently many stress reduction methods have been investigated. Aromatherapy is especially for populations that work under high stress. Elementary school teachers are a high-stress working population in Taiwan. In this study, fifty-four elementary school teachers were recruited to evaluate aromatherapy performance on stress reduction. Bergamot essential oil was used for aromatherapy spray for 10 minutes. Blood pressure and autonomic nervous system parameters were recorded 5 minutes before and after the application of the aroma spray. Results showed that there were significant decreases in blood pressure, heart rate, LF power percentage, and LF/HF while there were increases in heart rate variability and HF power percentage (P<.001∗∗∗ after application of the aromatherapy spray. Further analysis was investigated by dividing subjects into three background variables (position variables, age variables, gender variables and anxiety degree groups. All parameters were significantly different for most subgroups, except for the substitute teachers and the light-anxiety group. Parasympathetic nervous system activation was measured after aromatherapy in this study. It encouraged further study for other stress working population by aromatherapy.

  9. Methyl eugenol aromatherapy enhances the mating competitiveness of male Bactrocera carambolae Drew & Hancock (Diptera: Tephritidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haq, Ihsan; Vreysen, Marc J B; Cacéres, Carlos; Shelly, Todd E; Hendrichs, Jorge

    2014-09-01

    Males of Bactrocera carambolae Drew & Hancock (Diptera: Tephritidae) are strongly attracted to methyl eugenol (ME) (1,2-dimethoxy-4-(2-propenyl)benzene), a natural compound occurring in variety of plant species. ME-feeding is known to enhance male B. carambolae mating competitiveness 3 days after feeding. Enhanced male mating competitiveness due to ME-feeding can increase the effectiveness of sterile insect technique (SIT) manifolds. However, the common methods for emergence and holding fruit flies prior to field releases do not allow the inclusion of any ME feeding treatment after fly emergence. Therefore this study was planned to assess the effects of ME-aromatherapy in comparison with ME feeding on male B. carambolae mating competitiveness as aromatherapy is pragmatic for fruit flies emergence and holding facilities. Effects of ME application by feeding or by aromatherapy for enhanced mating competitiveness were evaluated 3d after treatments in field cages. ME feeding and ME aromatherapy enhanced male mating competitiveness as compared to untreated males. Males treated with ME either by feeding or by aromatherapy showed similar mating success but mating success was significantly higher than that of untreated males. The results are discussed in the context of application of ME by aromatherapy as a pragmatic approach in a mass-rearing facility and its implications for effectiveness of SIT. PMID:24995839

  10. The effects of aromatherapy in relieving symptoms related to job stress among nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Miao-Chuan; Fang, Shu-Hui; Fang, Li

    2015-02-01

    Workplace-related stress has become today's most serious occupational hazard. Aromatherapy is a simple, convenient and non-invasive method of stress relief. There is little research regarding the efficacy of aromatherapy by means of inhaling essential oil in reducing workplace stress-related symptoms among nurses. Therefore, this study was to examine the effectiveness of lavender oil inhalation in reducing job stress-related symptoms among nurses. The 53 nurses in the experimental group pinned small bottles containing 3% lavender oil on the clothes of their right chests, whereas 57 participants in the control group pinned bottles with no lavender oil. Aromatherapy was shown to be effective in the reduction of the number of stress symptoms for 3 or 4 days. The stress symptoms of the experimental group decreased from 6.1 to 2.8 after aromatherapy was carried out (P = 0.126, 0.159, 0.035 and 0.026). This represented a significant decrease in stress, whereas the stress symptoms in the control group increased from 5.6 to 5.8. Hospital staff managers are still encouraged to include aromatherapy concepts and techniques in the continuing education of nursing staff. Concurrently, future research should focus on the possible side effects of aromatherapy to assure safety. PMID:24238073

  11. The Physical Effects of Aromatherapy in Alleviating Work-Related Stress on Elementary School Teachers in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shing-Hong Liu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available People use aromatherapy to relieve the symptoms of physical and psychological stress. However, previous studies have not precisely clarified a scientific basis for the beneficial effects of aromatherapy. Therefore, the overall purpose of this study was to elucidate the beneficial effect of aromatherapy in relieving work-related stress. Twenty-nine elementary school teachers from Taiwan participated in this study. The experimental procedures comprised 2 phases. First, we verified the effect of aromatherapy by conducting 2 blind tests. We used natural bergamot essential oil extracted from plants and synthesized a chemical essential oil as the placebo to do the aromatherapy. Second, we analyzed the performance of the aromatherapy treatment on the teachers who had various workloads. We measured the teachers’ heart rate variability to evaluate their autonomic nervous system activity. The results show that only the natural bergamot essential oil had an effect and that the aromatherapy treatment relieved work-related stress of teachers with various workloads. However, the aromatherapy treatment had a weak effect on young teachers who had a heavy workload. Moreover, the aromatherapy treatment exhibited no effect on teachers who belong to the abnormal body mass index subgroup having a heavy workload.

  12. AROMATHERAPY AMONG COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE METHODS IN MEDICINE

    OpenAIRE

    Старикова, Элла; Оганисян, Г.

    2013-01-01

    Научный руководитель: старший преподаватель Определеннова О.В. Many of us take for granted the sense of smell. Yet many researches show that the human nose can distinguish over 10,000 different smells, which have various physiological and psychological effects.Aromatherapy is a form of alternative medicine that uses essential oils from plants for healing. It is useful for relieving pain, stress and tension, for improving mood and promoting relaxation. Therapies using essential oils complement...

  13. Chemical Components of Four Essential Oils in Aromatherapy Recipe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tadtong, Sarin; Kamkaen, Narisa; Watthanachaiyingcharoen, Rith; Ruangrungsi, Nijsiri

    2015-06-01

    This study focused on characterization of the chemical components of an aromatherapy recipe. The formulation consisted of four blended essential oils; rosemary oil, eucalyptus oil, pine oil and lime oil (volume ratio 6 : 2 : 1 : 1). The single and combination essential oils were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The analysis of GC-MS data revealed that several components exist in the mixture. The five most important components of the blended essential oils were 1,8-cineole (35.6 %), α-pinene (11.1%), limonene (9.6%), camphor (8.4%), and camphene (6.6%). The main components of rosemary oil were 1,8-cineole (37.3%), α-pinene (19.3%), camphor (14.7%), camphene (8.8%), and β-pinene (5.5%); of eucalyptus oil 1,8-cineole (82.6%) followed by limonene (7.4%), o-cymene (4.3%), γ-terpinene (2.7%), and α-pinene (1.5%); of pine oil terpinolene (26.7%), α-terpineol (20.50%), 1-terpineol (10.8%), α-pinene (6.0%), and γ-terpineol (5.3%); and of lime oil limonene (62.9%), γ-terpinene (11.5%), α-terpineol (7.6%), terpinolene (6.0%), and α-terpinene (2.8%). The present study provided a theoretical basis for the potential application of blended essential oils to be used as an aromatherapy essential oil recipe. GC-MS serves as a suitable and reliable method for the quality control of the chemical markers. PMID:26197558

  14. Male courtship behavior in Ceratitis Capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) that have received Aromatherapy with ginger root oil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of previous studies that showed that exposing mass-reared male Mediterranean fruit flies Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) to ginger root oil ('aromatherapy') increases the likelihood of mating with wild females were confirmed. The increased male success could be due to female responses to changes in male behavior or male pheromones. There were no significant differences in the types of courtship movements executed by males with and without aromatherapy. The durations of movements also did not differ when mass-reared males were paired with mass-reared females; however, when they were paired with wild females, there were a few, small differences. Previous studies indicated that the effectiveness of the male long-distance attractant pheromone is not affected by aromatherapy, but these studies did not consider pheromones released at close range during courtship, which behavioral analyses suggest may be different. We propose the following possible explanation for the different effects of aromatherapy with different females. Selection on males under mass rearing may have altered their close-range pheromones in ways that can be remedied by aromatherapy; and only wild females respond because the pheromonal responsiveness of mass-reared females has also changed. We propose observations that could test these ideas. (author)

  15. Effect of Inhalation of Aromatherapy Oil on Patients with Perennial Allergic Rhinitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seo Yeon Choi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to investigate the effects of aromatherapy oil inhalation on symptoms, quality of life, sleep quality, and fatigue level among adults with perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR. Fifty-four men and women aged between 20 and 60 were randomized to inhale aromatherapy oil containing essential oil from sandalwood, geranium, and Ravensara or almond oil (the placebo for 5 minutes twice daily for 7 days. PAR symptoms determined by Total Nasal Symptom Score (TNSS, the Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ, sleep quality by Verran Synder-Halpern (VSH scale, and fatigue level by Chalder Fatigue Scale (CFS were assessed before and after intervention period. Compared with the placebo, the experimental group showed significant improvement in TNSS, especially in nasal obstruction. The aromatherapy group also showed significantly higher improvements in total score of RQLQ and CFS. These findings indicate that inhalation of certain aromatherapy oil helps relieve PAR symptoms, improve rhinitis-specific quality of life, and reduce fatigue in patients with PAR. In conclusion, inhalation of aromatherapy essential oil may have potential as an effective intervention to alleviate PAR.

  16. Effect of Inhalation of Aromatherapy Oil on Patients with Perennial Allergic Rhinitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Seo Yeon; Park, Kyungsook

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the effects of aromatherapy oil inhalation on symptoms, quality of life, sleep quality, and fatigue level among adults with perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR). Fifty-four men and women aged between 20 and 60 were randomized to inhale aromatherapy oil containing essential oil from sandalwood, geranium, and Ravensara or almond oil (the placebo) for 5 minutes twice daily for 7 days. PAR symptoms determined by Total Nasal Symptom Score (TNSS), the Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ), sleep quality by Verran Synder-Halpern (VSH) scale, and fatigue level by Chalder Fatigue Scale (CFS) were assessed before and after intervention period. Compared with the placebo, the experimental group showed significant improvement in TNSS, especially in nasal obstruction. The aromatherapy group also showed significantly higher improvements in total score of RQLQ and CFS. These findings indicate that inhalation of certain aromatherapy oil helps relieve PAR symptoms, improve rhinitis-specific quality of life, and reduce fatigue in patients with PAR. In conclusion, inhalation of aromatherapy essential oil may have potential as an effective intervention to alleviate PAR. PMID:27034695

  17. 芳香疗法概述%Discussion of Aromatherapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏宇梅; 洪岩; 费夷敏; 林梦感; 杨国红; 王曙光

    2015-01-01

    Aromatherapy is using the natural plant spices or aromatic essential oil to reduce and prevent or treatment for human disea_ses. Essential has oils two_way regulating action on human nervous system,digestive system,respiratory system,skin,urinary system,as well as certain advantages in the resistance to atherosclerosis,anticancer,antibacterial,antibacterial,etc. Its advantage lies in the good permeability,fast metabolism,not retention,small toxicity,etc. As well,it is easy to throughout the blood brain barrier to achieve the purpose of treatment. It is worth noting that part of the volatile components in aromatic herbs is easy to loss and affect curative effect,es_sential oil to make up for the defects. Therefore,it is necessary to strengthen the studies of aromatherapy as clear its curative effect and dose,expanding the scope of its indications,synergy with other treatments and drugs,etc. In addition,the security research and industry standards of aromatherapy are also big problems to be solved.%芳香疗法是采用天然植物香料或其提取出的芳香精油,用于减轻、预防或治疗人体某些疾病的一种辅助方法。精油对人体神经系统、消化系统、呼吸系统、皮肤、泌尿系统等方面均有双向调节作用,并在抗动脉粥样硬化、抗癌、抗菌、抑菌等方面具有一定的优势。其优势主要在于渗透性好、代谢快、不滞留、毒性小等方面,同时又易于透过血脑屏障,从而达到开窍化浊、活血化瘀、疏风散寒、解肌发表等治疗目的。值得注意的是,部分含挥发性成分的芳香药材在煎煮过程中,由于挥发油很容易散失而影响疗效,精油弥补了这一缺陷。故很有必要加强芳香疗法的相关研究,如明确其疗效与剂量、扩大其适应证范围、与其他治疗以及药物的协同作用等。另外,芳香疗法的安全性研究以及行业标准的制定也是亟待解决的一大问题。

  18. Massage with aromatherapy: effectiveness on anxiety of users with personality disorders in psychiatric hospitalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago da Silva Domingos

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE To investigate the effectiveness of aromatherapy massage using the essential oils (0.5% of Lavandula angustifolia and Pelargonium graveolens for anxiety reduction in patients with personality disorders during psychiatric hospitalization. METHOD Uncontrolled clinical trial with 50 subjects submitted to six massages with aromatherapy, performed on alternate days, on the cervical and the posterior thoracic regions. Vital data (heart and respiratory rate were collected before and after each session and an anxiety scale (Trait Anxiety Inventory-State was applied at the beginning and end of the intervention. The results were statistically analyzed with the chi square test and paired t test. RESULTS There was a statistically significant decrease (p < 0.001 of the heart and respiratory mean rates after each intervention session, as well as in the inventory score. CONCLUSION Aromatherapy has demonstrated effectiveness in anxiety relief, considering the decrease of heart and respiratory rates in patients diagnosed with personality disorders during psychiatric hospitalization.

  19. Research and Development of Aromatherapy%芳香疗法研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟秀丽; 俞益武; 吴媛媛; 李天佑; 杨爽

    2011-01-01

    This is a brief review on origin and development of aromatherapy, including the administration methods, study and application, mechanism and the safety. The developing prospect of aromatherapy was discussed.%从芳香疗法的发展历史、给药方式、研究应用、作用机理及其安全性等方面进行了综述,并对芳香疗法研究应用前景进行了展望.

  20. Use of aromatherapy for older people living in institutions contributing to quality of life

    OpenAIRE

    Karjalainen, Joy

    2011-01-01

    Abstract: The aim of this thesis is to find out through use of books, literature reviews, articles and journals, if aromatherapy can be used to treat or manage mood disorders such as:anxiety, depression, stress .In this thesis the author attempted to use Maslow’s behavioral theory to shade more light that behavior whether pleasant or unpleasant is a result of unmet needs. An attempt was made to answer the following research questions :(1)What effects has aromatherapy in reducing mood disor...

  1. Aromatherapy Massage on the Abdomen for Alleviating Menstrual Pain in High School Girls: A Preliminary Controlled Clinical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myung-Haeng Hur

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the alleviating effects of aromatherapy massage and acetaminophen on menstrual pain in Korean high school girls. Subjects were divided into two groups: the aromatherapy massage (treatment group (=32 and the acetaminophen (control group (=23. Aromatherapy massage was performed on subjects in the treatment group. The abdomen was massaged once using clary sage, marjoram, cinnamon, ginger, and geranium in a base of almond oil. The level of menstrual pain was assessed using a visual analogue scale at baseline and twenty-four hours afterward. The reduction of menstrual pain was significantly higher in the aromatherapy group than in the acetaminophen group. Using multiple regression, aromatherapy massage was found to be more highly associated with reduction in the level of menstrual pain than acetaminophen. These finding suggest that aromatherapy massage may be an effective treatment for menstrual pain in high school girls. However, it could not be verified whether the positive effects derived from the aromatherapy, the massage, or both. Further rigorous studies should be conducted using more objective measures.

  2. Effects of Aromatherapy on the Anxiety, Vital Signs, and Sleep Quality of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Patients in Intensive Care Units

    OpenAIRE

    Mi-Yeon Cho; Eun Sil Min; Myung-Haeng Hur; Myeong Soo Lee

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of aromatherapy on the anxiety, sleep, and blood pressure (BP) of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients in an intensive care unit (ICU). Fifty-six patients with PCI in ICU were evenly allocated to either the aromatherapy or conventional nursing care. Aromatherapy essential oils were blended with lavender, roman chamomile, and neroli with a 6 : 2 : 0.5 ratio. Participants received 10 times treatment before PCI, and the same e...

  3. Aromatherapy Massage Affects Menopausal Symptoms in Korean Climacteric Women: A Pilot-Controlled Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myung-Haeng Hur

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the effects of aromatherapy massage on menopausal symptoms in Korean climacteric women. Kupperman's menopausal index was used to compare an experimental group of 25 climacteric women with a wait-listed control group of 27 climacteric women. Aromatherapy was applied topically to subjects in the experimental group in the form of massage on the abdomen, back and arms using lavender, rose geranium, rose and jasmine in almond and primrose oils once a week for 8 weeks (eight times in total. The experimental group reported a significantly lower total menopausal index than wait-listed controls (P < 0.05. There were also significant intergroup differences in subcategories such as vasomotor, melancholia, arthralgia and myalgia (all P < 0.05. These findings suggest that aromatherapy massage may be an effective treatment of menopausal symptoms such as hot flushes, depression and pain in climacteric women. However, it could not be verified whether the positive effects were from the aromatherapy, the massage or both. Further rigorous studies should be done with more objective measures.

  4. The Effect of Diffused Aromatherapy on Test Anxiety among Baccalaureate Nursing Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Catherine E.

    2013-01-01

    A quantitative, randomized, pretest, posttest study was conducted to assess the effect of aromatherapy on cognitive test anxiety among nursing students. Sophomore nursing students (n = 39) from a private, 4-year college, were randomized into either the control group (n = 18) or the experimental group (n = 21). Each participant completed the…

  5. Aromatherapy with Rosa Damascenes in Apnea, Bradycardia and Spo2 of Preterm Infants; a Randomized Clinical Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Saeideh Aghagoli; Amrollah Salimi; Mona Salimi; Zohreh Ghazavi; Maryam Marofi; Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi

    2016-01-01

    Background  Apnea is one of the most common problems in preterm neonates. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of aromatherapy on the reduction of apnea, bradycardia, and Pulse Oximetry (SPO2) in premature infants. Materials and Methods In a clinical trial study, 60 preterm neonates randomly divided in two groups and exposed to aromatherapy with Rosa damascenes distillate or distilled water beside the routine treatment. In experimental group, two drops of 10% Rosa damascenes distill...

  6. Comparison of the Efficacy of Massage and Aromatherapy Massage With Geranium on Depression in Postmenopausal Women: A Clinical Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Seyed Maryam Lotfipur Rafsanjani; Reza Vazirinejad; Shayesteh Ismailzadeh; Ali Ansari Jaberi; Reza Bekhradi; Ali Ravari; Jafar Akbari

    2015-01-01

    Background: Depression exacerbates the physical problems in menopause in addition to influencing the individual, occupational and social functioning of women. Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the effect of aromatherapy massage on depression in menopausal women. Patients and Methods: In this clinical trial, 120 menopausal women were selected based on the inclusion criteria and were randomly divided into three groups namely control, aromatherapy massage and massage group....

  7. The effect of aromatherapy by essential oil of orange on anxiety during labor: A randomized clinical trial

    OpenAIRE

    Rashidi-Fakari, Fahimeh; Tabatabaeichehr, Mahbubeh; Mortazavi, Hamed

    2015-01-01

    Background: Labor is a stressful situation that may have an adverse impact. Aromatherapy is a method to control anxiety and stress of women. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of aromatherapy using essential oil of orange on women's anxiety during labor. Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial study, 100 women during labor were randomly assigned to two groups: intervention group and control group. The women in the intervention group were exposed to orange essential oil, ...

  8. The Effect of Aromatherapy Abdominal Massage on Alleviating Menstrual Pain in Nursing Students: A Prospective Randomized Cross-Over Study

    OpenAIRE

    Marzouk, Tyseer M. F.; El-Nemer, Amina M. R.; Baraka, Hany N.

    2013-01-01

    Dysmenorrhea is a common cause of sickness absenteeism from both classes and work. This study investigated the effect of aromatherapy massage on a group of nursing students who are suffering of primary dysmenorrhea. A randomized blind clinical trial of crossover design was used. In the first treatment phase, group 1 (n = 48) received aromatherapy abdominal massage once daily for seven days prior to menstruation using the essential oils (cinnamon, clove, rose, and lavender in a base of almond ...

  9. A randomised controlled trial of the use of aromatherapy and hand massage to reduce disruptive behaviour in people with dementia

    OpenAIRE

    Fu, Chieh-Yu; Moyle, Wendy; Cooke, Marie

    2013-01-01

    Background Aromatherapy and hand massage therapies have been reported to have some benefit for people with dementia who display behavioural symptoms; however there are a number of limitations of reported studies. The aim is to investigate the effect of aromatherapy (3% lavender oil spray) with and without hand massage on disruptive behaviour in people with dementia living in long-term care. Methods In a single blinded randomised controlled trial 67 people with a diagnosis of dementia and a hi...

  10. Aromatherapy: Does It Help to Relieve Pain, Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in Community-Dwelling Older Persons?

    OpenAIRE

    Shuk Kwan Tang; M. Y. Mimi Tse

    2014-01-01

    To examine the effectiveness of an aromatherapy programme for older persons with chronic pain. The community-dwelling elderly people who participated in this study underwent a four-week aromatherapy programme or were assigned to the control group, which did not receive any interventions. Their levels of pain, depression, anxiety, and stress were collected at the baseline and at the postintervention assessment after the conclusion of the four-week programme. Eighty-two participants took part i...

  11. Effects of Aromatherapy on the Anxiety, Vital Signs, and Sleep Quality of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Patients in Intensive Care Units

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mi-Yeon Cho

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of aromatherapy on the anxiety, sleep, and blood pressure (BP of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI patients in an intensive care unit (ICU. Fifty-six patients with PCI in ICU were evenly allocated to either the aromatherapy or conventional nursing care. Aromatherapy essential oils were blended with lavender, roman chamomile, and neroli with a 6 : 2 : 0.5 ratio. Participants received 10 times treatment before PCI, and the same essential oils were inhaled another 10 times after PCI. Outcome measures patients' state anxiety, sleeping quality, and BP. An aromatherapy group showed significantly low anxiety (t=5.99, P<.001 and improving sleep quality (t=−3.65, P=.001 compared with conventional nursing intervention. The systolic BP of both groups did not show a significant difference by time or in a group-by-time interaction; however, a significant difference was observed between groups (F=4.63, P=.036. The diastolic BP did not show any significant difference by time or by a group-by-time interaction; however, a significant difference was observed between groups (F=6.93, P=.011. In conclusion, the aromatherapy effectively reduced the anxiety levels and increased the sleep quality of PCI patients admitted to the ICU. Aromatherapy may be used as an independent nursing intervention for reducing the anxiety levels and improving the sleep quality of PCI patients.

  12. Effects of Aromatherapy on the Anxiety, Vital Signs, and Sleep Quality of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Patients in Intensive Care Units

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Mi-Yeon; Min, Eun Sil; Hur, Myung-Haeng; Lee, Myeong Soo

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of aromatherapy on the anxiety, sleep, and blood pressure (BP) of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients in an intensive care unit (ICU). Fifty-six patients with PCI in ICU were evenly allocated to either the aromatherapy or conventional nursing care. Aromatherapy essential oils were blended with lavender, roman chamomile, and neroli with a 6 : 2 : 0.5 ratio. Participants received 10 times treatment before PCI, and the same essential oils were inhaled another 10 times after PCI. Outcome measures patients' state anxiety, sleeping quality, and BP. An aromatherapy group showed significantly low anxiety (t = 5.99, P < .001) and improving sleep quality (t = −3.65, P = .001) compared with conventional nursing intervention. The systolic BP of both groups did not show a significant difference by time or in a group-by-time interaction; however, a significant difference was observed between groups (F = 4.63, P = .036). The diastolic BP did not show any significant difference by time or by a group-by-time interaction; however, a significant difference was observed between groups (F = 6.93, P = .011). In conclusion, the aromatherapy effectively reduced the anxiety levels and increased the sleep quality of PCI patients admitted to the ICU. Aromatherapy may be used as an independent nursing intervention for reducing the anxiety levels and improving the sleep quality of PCI patients. PMID:23476690

  13. 精油的芳香疗法%Essential oils for aromatherapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈虹

    2011-01-01

    简要介绍了精油的提取方法以及精油的一些治疗功效。回顾了精油芳香疗法的历史和现状。介绍了芳香治疗用精油的不同用法,以及精油的作用机理,并对精油的芳香疗法的市场前景进行了概述。%The extractive methods and some curative effects of essential oils were introduced briefly.The history and the present situation of essential oils aromatherapy were overviewed.The effective mechanisms of essential oils for aromatherapy according to their different use were expounded.And the future market were prospected.

  14. Aromatherapy in complex health improvement of children, suffered from the Chernobyl catastrophe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aromatherapy is an effective and safe method widely used last decade for functional disorders treatment. We used this method for health improvement of children, suffered from Chernobyl catastrophe with autonomic system dysfunction. In complex rehabilitation measures we used collar-neck zone massage with Lemon oil (54 children), Aromastress orally (31) and Electro Essence oral receiving (82). As the result normalization of vegetative state (p=0,02) and vegetative reactivity (p=0,03) as well as neurological symptoms reduction (p=0,0001) registered. In children, taking Aromastress, electrocardiography violations disappeared more frequently (p=0,02). Electro Essence promoted deterioration of cumulated in organism radioactivity (p<0,0001). Thus aromatherapy is an effective method in complex health improvement of children, residing in radioactively contaminated regions. (Authors)

  15. The Effect of Lavender Aromatherapy on Autonomic Nervous System in Midlife Women with Insomnia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li-Wei Chien

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to determine the effects of 12 weeks of lavender aromatherapy on self-reported sleep and heart rate variability (HRV in the midlife women with insomnia. Sixty-seven women aged 45–55 years, with a CPSQI (Chinese version of Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index greater than 5, were recruited from communities in Taiwan. The experimental group (=34 received lavender inhalation, 20 min each time, twice per week, for 12 weeks, with a total of 24 times. The control group (=33 received health education program for sleep hygiene with no intervention. The study of HRV was analyzed by time- and frequency-domain methods. Significant decrease in mean heart rate (HR and increases in SDNN (standard deviation of the normal-to-normal (NN intervals, RMSDD (square root of the mean squared differences of successive NN intervals, and HF (high frequency of spectral powers analysis after lavender inhalation were observed in the 4th and 12th weeks of aromatherapy. The total CPSQI score of study subjects was significantly decreased in the experimental group (<0.001, while no significant difference was observed across the same time period (=0.776 in the control group. Resting HR and HRV measurements at baseline 1 month and 3 months after allocation showed no significant difference between the experimental and control groups. The study demonstrated that lavender inhalation may have a persistent short-term effect on HRV with an increase in parasympathetic modulation. Women receiving aromatherapy experienced a significant improvement in sleep quality after intervention. However, lavender aromatherapy does not appear to confer benefit on HRV in the long-term followup.

  16. The Impact of Aromatherapy on the Anxiety of Patients Experiencing Coronary Angiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Homeyra Tahmasbi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Anxiety among patients experiencing coronary angiography increases within invasive studies including angiography. Anxiety as an intensifier at cardiovascular reactions can endanger patients in angiography clinics. Studies indicate that lavendula spica L. inhalation can decrease anxiety. The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of aromatherapy on the anxiety level of patients experiencing coronary angiography. Materials and Methods: This research is a clinical trial study performed on a group of 96 patients hospitalized in Sari Fatemeh-Zahra Hospital for coronary angiography who were randomly selected. They were divided in two subject (45 patients and control (46 patients groups. Demographic data sheets, recording sheet of homodynamic variables and Spielberger state-trait anxiety inventory were distributed among the two groups before and after aromatherapy. The data were analyzed using SPSS-16 as well as statistical T-test and chi-square test. Results: The two groups were homogenous in terms of gender, marital status, level of education, sickness background, age and health insurance. The data indicated that anxiety level decreased significantly in the subject group compared with the control group after aromatherapy (P < 0.0001. There was also a significant difference in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and respiratory rate as well as heartbeat parameters in these two groups. (P<0.05 Conclusion: Lavendula aroma inhalation can decrease anxiety level of patients before coronary angiography and accordingly aromatherapy can be used as health care intervention and mental support, without any side effects, for the patients before invasive interventions such as angiography.

  17. The Effects of Inhalation Aromatherapy on Anxiety in Patients With Myocardial Infarction: A Randomized Clinical Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Najafi, Zahra; Taghadosi, Mohsen; Sharifi, Khadijeh; Farrokhian, Alireza; Tagharrobi, Zahra

    2014-01-01

    Background: Anxiety is an important mental health problem in patients with cardiac disease. Anxiety reduces patients’ quality of life and increases the risk of different cardiac complications. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of inhalation aromatherapy on anxiety in patients with myocardial infarction. Patients and Methods: This was a randomized clinical trial conduced on 68 patients with myocardial infarction hospitalized in coronary care units of a large-scal...

  18. Effect of Rosa aromatherapy on anxiety before cardiac catheterization: A randomized controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Atye Babaii; Mohammad Abbasinia; Seyed Fakhreddin Hejazi; Seyyed Reza Seyyed Tabaei; Fariba Dehghani

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Most patients experience moderate to severe anxiety before cardiac catheterization. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Rosa aromatherapy on anxiety before cardiac catheterization. Methods: In this randomized controlled trial, 60 patients who met the inclusion criteria were conveniently sampled and randomly allocated to the experimental and control groups. Patients in the control group received routine care. In the experimental group, patients received rou...

  19. Poikilodermatous changes on the forearms of a woman practicing aroma-therapy: extracervical poikiloderma of Civatte? *

    OpenAIRE

    Katoulis, Alexandros; Makris, Michalis; Gregoriou, Stamatis; Rallis, Eustathios; Kanelleas, Antonis; Stavrianeas, Nicolaos; Rigopoulos, Dimitris

    2014-01-01

    We report the case of a 48-year-old, Caucasian female who presented with slowly progressing asymptomatic poikilodermatous changes of the extensor aspects of the forearms. She also had typical Poikiloderma of Civatte on the V of the neck and erythemato-telangiectatic rosacea of the central face. The patient had been practicing aroma-therapy for many years. Histologic examination revealed findings consistent with PC. Patch-testing revealed positive reactions to Fragrance mix and Nickel sulphate...

  20. The Impact of Aromatherapy on the Anxiety of Patients Experiencing Coronary Angiography

    OpenAIRE

    Homeyra Tahmasbi; Ghahraman Mahmoodi; Vahid Mokhberi; Soghra Hassani; Homeyra Akbarzadeh; Niloofar Rahnamai

    2012-01-01

    Background: Anxiety among patients experiencing coronary angiography increases within invasive studies including angiography. Anxiety as an intensifier at cardiovascular reactions can endanger patients in angiography clinics. Studies indicate that lavendula spica L. inhalation can decrease anxiety. The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of aromatherapy on the anxiety level of patients experiencing coronary angiography. Materials and Methods: This research is a clinical trial st...

  1. The feasibility of aromatherapy massage to reduce symptoms of Idiopathic Environmental Intolerance : A pilot study

    OpenAIRE

    Araki, Atsuko; Watanabe, Kazuhiko; Eitaki, Yoko; Kawai, Toshio; Kishi, Reiko

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: Idiopathic Environmental Intolerance (IEI) is an acquired disorder with multiple recurrent symptoms, which is associated with diverse environmental factors that are tolerated by the majority of people. IEI is an illness of uncertain aetiology, making it difficult to treat using conventional medicine. Therefore, there is a need for novel therapies to control the symptoms of IEI. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and impact of aromatherapy massage for in...

  2. The Anxiolytic Effect of Aromatherapy on Patients Awaiting Ambulatory Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng-Hua Ni; Wen-Hsuan Hou; Ching-Chiu Kao; Ming-Li Chang; Lee-Fen Yu; Chia-Che Wu; Chiehfeng Chen

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine if aromatherapy could reduce preoperative anxiety in ambulatory surgery patients. A total of 109 preoperative patients were randomly assigned to experimental (bergamot essential oil) and control (water vapor) conditions and their responses to the State Trait Anxiety Inventory and vital signs were monitored. Patients were stratified by previous surgical experience, but that did not influence the results. All those exposed to bergamot essential oil aromath...

  3. The effect of aromatherapy massage with lavender oil on severity of primary dysmenorrhea in Arsanjan students

    OpenAIRE

    Bakhtshirin, Froozan; ABEDI, Sara; YusefiZoj, Parisa; Razmjooee, Damoon

    2015-01-01

    Background: Presently, using complementary therapy such as lavender oil has specific application in medicine. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of aromatherapy massage on the severity of primary dysmenorrhea in nursing and midwifery students of Islamic Azad University of Arsanjan, Iran. Materials and Methods: This study was performed using clinical trial method on 80 eligible students whose level of pain was measured by visual analogue scale (VAS) before the intervention...

  4. The Effects of Aromatherapy Massage and Reflexology on Pain and Fatigue in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gok Metin, Zehra; Ozdemir, Leyla

    2016-04-01

    Nonpharmacologic interventions for symptom management in patients with rheumatoid arthritis are underinvestigated. Limited data suggest that aromatherapy massage and reflexology may help to reduce pain and fatigue in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The aim of this study was to examine and compare the effects of aromatherapy massage and reflexology on pain and fatigue in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The study sample was randomly assigned to either an aromatherapy massage (n = 17), reflexology (n = 17) or the control group (n = 17). Aromatherapy massage was applied to both knees of subjects in the first intervention group for 30 minutes. Reflexology was administered to both feet of subjects in the second intervention group for 40 minutes during weekly home visits. Control group subjects received no intervention. Fifty-one subjects with rheumatoid arthritis were recruited from a university hospital rheumatology clinic in Turkey between July 2014 and January 2015 for this randomized controlled trial. Data were collected by personal information form, DAS28 index, Visual Analog Scale and Fatigue Severity Scale. Pain and fatigue scores were measured at baseline and within an hour after each intervention for 6 weeks. Pain and fatigue scores significantly decreased in the aromatherapy massage and reflexology groups compared with the control group (p aromatherapy massage (week 1 vs week 2 for pain, week 1 vs week 4 for fatigue) (p Aromatherapy massage and reflexology are simple and effective nonpharmacologic nursing interventions that can be used to help manage pain and fatigue in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. PMID:27091583

  5. Expectancy of Stress-Reducing Aromatherapy Effect and Performance on a Stress-Sensitive Cognitive Task

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Chamine

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Stress-reducing therapies help maintain cognitive performance during stress. Aromatherapy is popular for stress reduction, but its effectiveness and mechanism are unclear. This study examined stress-reducing effects of aromatherapy on cognitive function using the go/no-go (GNG task performance and event related potentials (ERP components sensitive to stress. The study also assessed the importance of expectancy in aromatherapy actions. Methods. 81 adults were randomized to 3 aroma groups (active experimental, detectable, and undetectable placebo and 2 prime subgroups (prime suggesting stress-reducing aroma effects or no-prime. GNG performance, ERPs, subjective expected aroma effects, and stress ratings were assessed at baseline and poststress. Results. No specific aroma effects on stress or cognition were observed. However, regardless of experienced aroma, people receiving a prime displayed faster poststress median reaction times than those receiving no prime. A significant interaction for N200 amplitude indicated divergent ERP patterns between baseline and poststress for go and no-go stimuli depending on the prime subgroup. Furthermore, trends for beneficial prime effects were shown on poststress no-go N200/P300 latencies and N200 amplitude. Conclusion. While there were no aroma-specific effects on stress or cognition, these results highlight the role of expectancy for poststress response inhibition and attention.

  6. Effect of Rosa aromatherapy on anxiety before cardiac catheterization: A randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atye Babaii

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Most patients experience moderate to severe anxiety before cardiac catheterization. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Rosa aromatherapy on anxiety before cardiac catheterization. Methods: In this randomized controlled trial, 60 patients who met the inclusion criteria were conveniently sampled and randomly allocated to the experimental and control groups. Patients in the control group received routine care. In the experimental group, patients received routine care and Rosa aromatherapy for eighteen minutes. The level of anxiety was measured immediately before, and after the treatment. Results: In the stages before and after the study, there were no significant differences between the two groups in the terms of the mean scores of state and total anxiety. However, the mean score of trait anxiety in the experimental group was significantly lower than the control group. Furthermore, there was no significant difference between pre- and post-treatment in both groups. Conclusion: Most of the patients experience moderate to severe anxiety before cardiac catheterization. The findings of this study demonstrate that aromatherapy, as administered in this study, is not beneficial.

  7. Expectancy of stress-reducing aromatherapy effect and performance on a stress-sensitive cognitive task.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamine, Irina; Oken, Barry S

    2015-01-01

    Objective. Stress-reducing therapies help maintain cognitive performance during stress. Aromatherapy is popular for stress reduction, but its effectiveness and mechanism are unclear. This study examined stress-reducing effects of aromatherapy on cognitive function using the go/no-go (GNG) task performance and event related potentials (ERP) components sensitive to stress. The study also assessed the importance of expectancy in aromatherapy actions. Methods. 81 adults were randomized to 3 aroma groups (active experimental, detectable, and undetectable placebo) and 2 prime subgroups (prime suggesting stress-reducing aroma effects or no-prime). GNG performance, ERPs, subjective expected aroma effects, and stress ratings were assessed at baseline and poststress. Results. No specific aroma effects on stress or cognition were observed. However, regardless of experienced aroma, people receiving a prime displayed faster poststress median reaction times than those receiving no prime. A significant interaction for N200 amplitude indicated divergent ERP patterns between baseline and poststress for go and no-go stimuli depending on the prime subgroup. Furthermore, trends for beneficial prime effects were shown on poststress no-go N200/P300 latencies and N200 amplitude. Conclusion. While there were no aroma-specific effects on stress or cognition, these results highlight the role of expectancy for poststress response inhibition and attention. PMID:25802539

  8. The Effect of Aromatherapy Abdominal Massage on Alleviating Menstrual Pain in Nursing Students: A Prospective Randomized Cross-Over Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tyseer M. F. Marzouk

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Dysmenorrhea is a common cause of sickness absenteeism from both classes and work. This study investigated the effect of aromatherapy massage on a group of nursing students who are suffering of primary dysmenorrhea. A randomized blind clinical trial of crossover design was used. In the first treatment phase, group 1 ( received aromatherapy abdominal massage once daily for seven days prior to menstruation using the essential oils (cinnamon, clove, rose, and lavender in a base of almond oil. Group 2 ( received the same intervention but with placebo oil (almond oil. In the second treatment phase, the two groups switched to alternate regimen. Level and duration of pain and the amount of menstrual bleeding were evaluated at the baseline and after each treatment phase. During both treatment phases, the level and duration of menstrual pain and the amount of menstrual bleeding were significantly lower in the aromatherapy group than in the placebo group. These results suggests that aromatherapy is effective in alleviating menstrual pain, its duration and excessive menstrual bleeding. Aromatherapy can be provided as a nonpharmacological pain relief measure and as a part of nursing care given to girls suffering of dysmenorrhea, or excessive menstrual bleeding.

  9. Optimizing methyl-eugenol aromatherapy to maximize posttreatment effects to enhance mating competitiveness of male Bactrocera carambolae (Diptera: Tephritidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haq, Ihsan ul; Vreysen, Marc J B; Cacéres, Carlos; Shelly, Todd E; Hendrichs, Jorge

    2015-10-01

    Methyl-eugenol (ME) (1,2-dimethoxy-4-(2-propenyl)benzene), a natural phytochemical, did enhance male Bactrocera carambolae Drew & Hancock (Diptera: Tephritidae) mating competitiveness 3 d after ingestion. Enhanced male mating competitiveness can significantly increase the effectiveness of the sterile insect technique (SIT). ME application to mass reared sterile flies by feeding is infeasible. ME application by aromatherapy however, would be a very practical way of ME application in fly emergence and release facilities. This approach was shown to enhance mating competitiveness of B. carambolae 3 d posttreatment (DPT). Despite this added benefit, every additional day of delaying release will reduce sterile fly quality and will add cost to SIT application. The present study was planned to assess the effects of ME-aromatherapy on male B. carambolae mating competitiveness 1DPT and 2DPT. ME aromatherapy 1DPT or 2DPT did enhance mating competitiveness of B. carambolae males whereas ME feeding 1DPT and 2DPT did not. Male mating competitiveness was enhanced by the ME aromatherapy irrespective if they received 1DPT, 2DPT or 3DPT. ME aromatherapy, being a viable approach for its application, did enhance mating competitiveness of male B. carambolae 1 d posttreatment as ME feeding did 3 d after ingestion. PMID:24935641

  10. The Effect of Lavender Aromatherapy on Autonomic Nervous System in Midlife Women with Insomnia

    OpenAIRE

    Li-Wei Chien; Su Li Cheng; Chi Feng Liu

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this study is to determine the effects of 12 weeks of lavender aromatherapy on self-reported sleep and heart rate variability (HRV) in the midlife women with insomnia. Sixty-seven women aged 45–55 years, with a CPSQI (Chinese version of Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) greater than 5, were recruited from communities in Taiwan. The experimental group ( = 3 4 ) received lavender inhalation, 20 min each time, twice per week, for 12 weeks, with a total of 24 times. The control g...

  11. The Clinical Effects of Aromatherapy Massage on Reducing Pain for the Cancer Patients: Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ting-Hao Chen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. Aromatherapy massage is an alternative treatment in reducing the pain of the cancer patients. This study was to investigate whether aromatherapy massage could improve the pain of the cancer patients. Methods. We searched PubMed and Cochrane Library for relevant randomized controlled trials without language limitations between 1 January 1990 and 31 July 2015 with a priori defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. The search terms included aromatherapy, essential oil, pain, ache, cancer, tumor, and carcinoma. There were 7 studies which met the selection criteria and 3 studies were eventually included among 63 eligible publications. Results. This meta-analysis included three randomized controlled trials with a total of 278 participants (135 participants in the massage with essential oil group and 143 participants in the control (usual care group. Compared with the control group, the massage with essential oil group had nonsignificant effect on reducing the pain (standardized mean difference = 0.01; 95% CI [-0.23,0.24]. Conclusion. Aromatherapy massage does not appear to reduce pain of the cancer patients. Further rigorous studies should be conducted with more objective measures.

  12. The Clinical Effects of Aromatherapy Massage on Reducing Pain for the Cancer Patients: Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ting-Hao; Tung, Tao-Hsin; Chen, Pei-Shih; Wang, Shu-Hui; Chao, Chuang-Min; Hsiung, Nan-Hsing; Chi, Ching-Chi

    2016-01-01

    Purpose. Aromatherapy massage is an alternative treatment in reducing the pain of the cancer patients. This study was to investigate whether aromatherapy massage could improve the pain of the cancer patients. Methods. We searched PubMed and Cochrane Library for relevant randomized controlled trials without language limitations between 1 January 1990 and 31 July 2015 with a priori defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. The search terms included aromatherapy, essential oil, pain, ache, cancer, tumor, and carcinoma. There were 7 studies which met the selection criteria and 3 studies were eventually included among 63 eligible publications. Results. This meta-analysis included three randomized controlled trials with a total of 278 participants (135 participants in the massage with essential oil group and 143 participants in the control (usual care) group). Compared with the control group, the massage with essential oil group had nonsignificant effect on reducing the pain (standardized mean difference = 0.01; 95% CI [-0.23,0.24]). Conclusion. Aromatherapy massage does not appear to reduce pain of the cancer patients. Further rigorous studies should be conducted with more objective measures. PMID:26884799

  13. Research on Curriculum Plan and Learning Achievement for Aromatherapy with the Concept of the Chinese Five Elements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Pei-Ching

    2012-01-01

    In Taiwan, people are getting more aware of beauty treatments and the concept of health care. This study hopes to bring all relevant concepts such as Aromatherapy, essential scented oils, medical foods, human meridians, Chinese five elements therapy, and beauty business management into the curriculum design, and seriously considered many factors…

  14. The effect of aromatherapy and massage administered in different ways to women with breast cancer on their symptoms and quality of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ovayolu, Ozlem; Seviğ, Umit; Ovayolu, Nimet; Sevinç, Alper

    2014-08-01

    The primary objective of this study was to assess the effect of aromatherapy and classic massage administered in various ways to breast cancer patients on their symptoms and quality of life. The sampling consisted of 280 patients. Quality of life and symptoms of the patients were evaluated once at baseline and then at week 6 and week 10 following the intervention. After intervention, the control group was observed to have lower total quality of life score and subdomain scores, whereas fragrance, massage and aromatherapy massage groups had higher scores, and the increase was more obvious particularly in the patients in the aromatherapy massage group. Similarly, whereas psychological and physical symptoms were experienced more intensely in the control group, the severity of all the symptoms experienced by the other patients decreased at week 6 and week 10 as compared with baseline especially in the group that was administered massage with aromatherapy. PMID:25157942

  15. Comparison of the efficacy of aroma-acupressure and aromatherapy for the treatment of dementia-associated agitation

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Man-Hua; Lin, Li-Chan; Wu, Shiao-Chi; Chiu, Jen-Hwey; Wang, Pei-Ning; Lin, Jaung-Geng

    2015-01-01

    Background One of the most common symptoms observed in patients with dementia is agitation, and several non-pharmacological treatments have been used to control this symptom. However, because of limitations in research design, the benefit of non-pharmacological treatments has only been demonstrated in certain cases. The purpose of this study was to compare aroma-acupressure and aromatherapy with respect to their effects on agitation in patients with dementia. Methods In this experimental stud...

  16. Aromatherapy with Rosa Damascenes in Apnea, Bradycardia and Spo2 of Preterm Infants; a Randomized Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeideh Aghagoli

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background  Apnea is one of the most common problems in preterm neonates. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of aromatherapy on the reduction of apnea, bradycardia, and Pulse Oximetry (SPO2 in premature infants. Materials and Methods In a clinical trial study, 60 preterm neonates randomly divided in two groups and exposed to aromatherapy with Rosa damascenes distillate or distilled water beside the routine treatment. In experimental group, two drops of 10% Rosa damascenes distillate was dropped on the pad eye in second day of birth at 6 Am. The intervention was repeated in 9 AM, 12 Am, 15 PM and 18 PM hours. A same condition applied for control group and distilled water was dropped on the pad eye. The number of apnea attacks, bradycardia and decrease in SpO2 compared between two groups using chi-square test, independent t-test and repeated measure test. Results The overall apnea attacks, bradycardia, and SPO2 in tree studied days were lower in intervention group than control group (0.47±0.13 vs. 2.6±0.41, 0.47±0.13 vs. 2.56±0.41 and 0.70±0.17 vs. 2.77±0.21, respectively. In addition, the repeated measurement test showed that the mean number of apnea attacks, decrease in heart pulse rate, and decrease in SpO2 was statistically lower in intervention group with aromatherapy than controls in first, second, third and sum of three days (P< 0.05. Conclusion Aromatherapy with Rosa damascenes distillate can reduce more and speedy the occurrence of apnea attacks, bradycardia and SPO2 in premature infants, along with other routine treatment.

  17. Analgesia Is Enhanced by Providing Information regarding Good Outcomes Associated with an Odor: Placebo Effects in Aromatherapy?

    OpenAIRE

    Yuri Masaoka; Miho Takayama; Hiroyoshi Yajima; Akiko Kawase; Nobuari Takakura; Ikuo Homma

    2013-01-01

    No previous report has described whether information regarding an odor used in aromatherapy has placebo effects. We investigated whether placebo analgesia was engendered by verbal information regarding the analgesic effects of an odor. Twelve of 24 subjects were provided with the information that a lavender odor would reduce pain (informed), whereas the other 12 subjects were not (not-informed). Concurrent with respiration recording, the subjects were administered a lavender-odor or no-odor t...

  18. Aromatherapy: Does It Help to Relieve Pain, Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in Community-Dwelling Older Persons?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuk Kwan Tang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available To examine the effectiveness of an aromatherapy programme for older persons with chronic pain. The community-dwelling elderly people who participated in this study underwent a four-week aromatherapy programme or were assigned to the control group, which did not receive any interventions. Their levels of pain, depression, anxiety, and stress were collected at the baseline and at the postintervention assessment after the conclusion of the four-week programme. Eighty-two participants took part in the study. Forty-four participants (37 females, 7 males were in the intervention group and 38 participants (30 females, 8 males were in the control group. The pain scores were 4.75 (SD 2.32 on a 10-point scale for the intervention group and 5.24 (SD 2.14 for the control group before the programme. There was a slight reduction in the pain score of the intervention group. No significant differences were found in the same-group and between-group comparisons for the baseline and postintervention assessments. The depression, anxiety, and stress scores for the intervention group before the programme were 11.18 (SD 6.18, 9.64 (SD 7.05, and 12.91 (SD 7.70, respectively. A significant reduction in negative emotions was found in the intervention group (P<0.05. The aromatherapy programme can be an effective tool to reduce pain, depression, anxiety, and stress levels among community-dwelling older adults.

  19. Effects of aromatherapy massage on face-down posture-related pain after vitrectomy: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adachi, Naho; Munesada, Minako; Yamada, Noriko; Suzuki, Haruka; Futohashi, Ayano; Shigeeda, Takashi; Kato, Satoshi; Nishigaki, Masakazu

    2014-06-01

    Postoperative face-down posturing (FDP) is recommended to optimize the effects of intraocular gas tamponade after vitrectomy. However, patients undergoing FDP usually experience physical and psychological burdens. This 3-armed, randomized, single-center trial investigated the effects of aromatherapy on FDP-related physical pain. Sixty-three patients under FDP were randomly allocated to one of three treatment groups: aromatherapy massage with essential oil (AT), oil massage without essential oil (OT), and a control group. The AT and OT groups received 10 minutes of massage by ward nurses trained by an aromatherapist, while the control group received usual care. Outcomes were assessed as short-term (pre- to post-intervention) and long-term (first to third postoperative day) changes in physical pain in five body regions using face-scale. The AT and OT groups both revealed similar short-term pain reductions after intervention, compared with the control group. Regarding long-term effects, neither group experienced significant effects until the second day. Significantly more pain reduction compared with usual care occurred on the third day, mainly in the AT group, though there were few significant differences between the AT and OT groups. In conclusion, this study suggests that simple oil massage is an effective strategy for immediate pain reduction in patients undergoing FDP, while aromatherapy may have a long-term effect on pain reduction. PMID:23466193

  20. Usage patterns of aromatherapy among the French general population: A descriptive study focusing on dermal exposure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dornic, N; Ficheux, A S; Roudot, A C; Saboureau, D; Ezzedine, K

    2016-04-01

    Although likely benefits of aromatherapy are well documented, little is known about essential oils consumption and exposure to molecules present in the oils. The aim of our study was to determine usage patterns of 12 types of essential oils among a quite large panel, sorted per sex and quintile of age from birth to 70. A survey was conducted in September 2014 among 1507 French individuals, selected to build a representative panel of the general population. The key point of our study, apart from the fact that it has never been done among general population, was the focus on dermal exposure. Information about types of essential oils used, skin areas exposed, frequencies and quantities were collected. Our work revealed that some sub-populations could be significantly exposed to molecules of toxicological concern, especially in terms of skin sensitization. This work is the first step to assess human exposure to these molecules, and will help safety authorities and risk managers to protect the population. PMID:26826550

  1. Lavender-thymol as a new topical aromatherapy preparation for episiotomy: A randomised clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marzouk, T; Barakat, R; Ragab, A; Badria, F; Badawy, A

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of topical lavender-thymol in promoting episiotomy healing. This placebo-controlled, single-blinded, randomised clinical trial involved 60 primiparous women. REEDA score was used to evaluate the outcome of the trial. On the 7th post-partum day, women in Placebo-treated group had worse Redness, Edema, Ecchymosis, Discharge and Approximation (REEDA) score of 3.93 ± 3.65 compared with those in Lavender-thymol-treated group (2.03 ± 1.7) with significant difference (P = 0.013). Visual analogue Scale (VAS) score for pain at episiotomy in Lavender-thymol-treated group was 3.5 ± 1.9, whereas in Placebo-treated group it was 2.1 ± 2.2 (p = 0.011) for dyschezia, 3.8 ± 1.7 and 2.8 ± 1.6 in Placebo- and Lavender-thymol-treated women, respectively (p = 0.023). At 7th post-partum week, dyspareunia was more severe in Placebo-treated group compared with that in Lavender-thymol-treated group (5.3 ± 2.7 vs 2.7 ± 1.5 and p aromatherapy using lavender-thymol was highly effective, suitable and safe for episiotomy wound care with little or no expected side effects compared with that using placebo. PMID:25384116

  2. The effect of self-aromatherapy massage of the abdomen on the primary dysmenorrhoea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadeghi Aval Shahr, H; Saadat, M; Kheirkhah, M; Saadat, E

    2015-05-01

    Primary dysmenorrhoea (PD) is the most common gynaecological complaint that occurs in women. This study was a randomised controlled trial. The subjects were 75 students whose severity of pain was measured by visual analogue scale (VAS). Subjects were randomly divided into three groups: massage group with rose oil (n = 25) who applied self-massage with Rose damascene; a placebo group (n = 25) who performed self-massage with unscented almond oil and a no treatment control group (n = 25) who applied just self-massage. All three groups received the intervention in the first day of menstruation in two subsequent cycles. The severity of pain was self-reported by the students before and after intervention. All three groups were matched in demographic characteristics. The baseline pain reduced in the first cycle but this reduction was not significant in the groups (p > 0.05). In the second cycle, the menstrual pain was significantly lower in the rose oil group than in the other two groups after intervention (between massage with rose oil, almond oil p = 0.003 and massage with rose oil and just massage p = 0.000). Massage with aromatherapy reduces the severity of primary dysmenorrhoea, in comparison with massage therapy alone. PMID:25254570

  3. A literature review evaluating the role of Swedish massage and aromatherapy massage to alleviate the anxiety of oncology patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Introduction: Research into the anxiety relief of oncology patients resulting from Swedish massage and aromatherapy massage techniques has often been underfunded, resulting in small cohorts and sometimes poor methodology of the studies undertaken. A review of the literature was undertaken to investigate results of research that has been performed in this area, in order to provide evidence for practice. Only one systematic review has been carried out specifically addressing anxiety relief in oncology using aromatherapy massage, which is now outdated, and it was perceived that a gap in the body of knowledge exists. Methodology: Articles were retrieved from four appropriate databases using combinations of terms, such as: anxiety, radiotherapy and aromatherapy. A hand search was also carried out of grey literature. Retrieved articles were sorted by inclusion criteria and then scrutinised. A critique framework was devised drawing on the concepts of appropriate critiques used in literature. Results: Intervention deliveries varied across trials according to the authors' treatment philosophies, and whether the therapists were allowed autonomy in the treatment process. Some trials were of poor quality thereby reducing the validity of the evidence. Cohorts were often smaller than desirable, however, of greatest concern was poor trial designs and methodologies used in some trials, leading to potential bias, lack of validity and misleading results. Overall, the results of the review demonstrated immediate anxiety relief associated with both treatments. Evidence for intermediate relief is compelling but less conclusive. Conclusion: The immediate effects of massage treatments lends itself for use with oncology patients experiencing heightened anxiety, caused by concern over impending procedures. Protocols for a course of treatments should be devised to ensure continued symptom relief. Further research is needed to better establish the efficacy of massage therapies and to reach a

  4. A controlled trial of the effect of aromatherapy on birth outcomes using "Rose essential oil" inhalation and foot bath

    OpenAIRE

    Masoomeh Kheirkhah; Nassimeh Setayesh Valipour; Leila Neisani; Hamid Haghani

    2013-01-01

    Background and aim: Aromatherapy is the art and science of using essential oils extracted from aromatic plants, and is concerned with natural balance, coordination and promotion of health. This study was designed to determine the effect of "rose (Rosa damascena) essential oil" inhalation and foot bath on the improvement of maternal and neonatal health outcomes. Material and methods: This study was a randomized clinical trial, conducted on 80 primiparous women in Shahid Akbar Abadi Maternity H...

  5. Analgesia Is Enhanced by Providing Information regarding Good Outcomes Associated with an Odor: Placebo Effects in Aromatherapy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuri Masaoka

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available No previous report has described whether information regarding an odor used in aromatherapy has placebo effects. We investigated whether placebo analgesia was engendered by verbal information regarding the analgesic effects of an odor. Twelve of 24 subjects were provided with the information that a lavender odor would reduce pain (informed, whereas the other 12 subjects were not (not-informed. Concurrent with respiration recording, the subjects were administered a lavender-odor or no-odor treatment during application of painful stimulation to the forefinger. The subjects reported their experience of pain and its unpleasantness on a visual analogue scale after the painful stimulation. The lavender-odor treatment significantly alleviated pain and unpleasantness compared with the no-odor treatment in the informed (P<0.01 and not-informed groups (P<0.05. The no-odor treatment in the informed group significantly alleviated pain and unpleasantness compared with both the no-odor and lavender-odor treatments in the not-informed group (P<0.05. Rapid and shallow breathing induced by the painful stimulation became slow and deep during the lavender-odor and no-odor treatments in both groups. Information regarding a lavender odor, the lavender odor itself, and slower breathing contributed to reduced perceptions of pain and unpleasantness during painful stimulation, suggesting that placebo effects significantly contribute to analgesia in aromatherapy.

  6. The Effect of Aromatherapy with Lavender Essential Oil on Depression, Anxiety and Stress in Hemodialysis Patients: A Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Tayebi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Depression, anxiety and stress are common among hemodialysis patients affecting their mental health and quality of life, leading to multiple dysfunctions. Anti-anxiety effects of aromatherapy, as one of the domains of complementary medicine, have been investigated in several studies. Aim: Investigation of the effect of aromatherapy with lavender essential oil on depression, anxiety and stress rates in hemodialysis patients. Methods: This study was a randomized controlled clinical trial performed on 60 patients undergoing hemodialysis in Tehran, Iran in 2014. The patients were randomly divided into intervention and control groups. To measure the rate of depression, anxiety and stress, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 was used. In the intervention group, the patients were asked to inhale the lavender essential oil smeared on a piece of cloth (three drops of oil for one hour during the hemodialysis procedure. After 4 weeks, the rates of depression, anxiety and stress were re-measured. Data analysis was performed by SPSS software version 14 using chi-square, Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney U statistical tests. Results: In this study, 33(60% of the participants were male, and 53(96.4% were married.  After the intervention, the scores of depression (P

  7. Aromatherapy for stress reduction in healthy adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hur, Myung-Haeng; Song, Ji-Ah; Lee, Jeonghee; Lee, Myeong Soo

    2014-12-01

    The aim of this review was to systematically assess the effectiveness of aromatherapy for stress management. Seven databases were searched from their inception through April 2014. RCTs testing aromatherapy against any type of controls in healthy human person that assessed stress level and cortisol level were considered. Two reviewers independently performed the selection of the studies, data abstraction and validations. The risk of bias was assessed using Cochrane criteria. Five RCTs met our inclusion criteria, and most of them had high risk of bias. Four RCTs tested the effects of aroma inhalation compared with no treatment, no aroma, and no odour oil. The meta-analysis suggested that aroma inhalation has favourable effects on stress management (n=80; standard mean difference (SMD), -0.96; 95% CI, -1.44 to -0.48; P<0.0001; I(2)=0%). Three of included RCTs tested aroma inhalation on saliva or serum cortisol level compared with control and meta-analysis failed to show significant difference between two groups (n=88, SMDs -0.62; 95% CIs -1.26 to 0.02, P=0.06, I(2)=46%). In conclusion, there is limited evidence suggesting that aroma inhalation may be effective in controlling stress. However, the number, size and quality of the RCTs are too low to draw firm conclusions. PMID:25234160

  8. Effect of aromatherapy with orange essential oil on salivary cortisol and pulse rate in children during dental treatment: A randomized controlled clinical trial

    OpenAIRE

    Mahdi Jafarzadeh; Soroor Arman; Fatemeh Farahbakhsh Pour

    2013-01-01

    Background: Essential oils have been used as an alternative and complementary treatment in medicine. Citrus fragrance has been used by aromatherapists for the treatment of anxiety symptoms. Based on this claim, the aim of present study was to investigate the effect of aromatherapy with essential oil of orange on child anxiety during dental treatment. Materials and Methods: Thirty children (10 boys, 20 girls) aged 6-9 years participated in a crossover intervention study, according to the i...

  9. Effect of aromatherapy on the quality of sleep in ischemic heart disease patients hospitalized in intensive care units of heart hospitals of the Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

    OpenAIRE

    Moeini, Mahin; Khadibi, Maryam; Bekhradi, Reza; Mahmoudian, Seyed Ahmad; Nazari, Fatemeh

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Sleep disorder is one of the common problems patients face in ICU and CCU and it is usually treated by sleeping pills. Nowadays, the complementary medicine is highly considered because of its effectiveness and safety. Aromatherapy is one of the holistic nursing cares which sees human beings as a biological, mental and social unit while the psychological dimension has the central role. Each of these dimensions is dependent on each other and is affected by each other. Therefore, it ...

  10. Comparison of the effect of aromatherapy with Jasminum officinale and Salvia officinale on pain severity and labor outcome in nulliparous women

    OpenAIRE

    Kaviani, Maasumeh; Maghbool, Shahla; Azima, Sara; Tabaei, Mohammad Hosein

    2014-01-01

    Background: Using non-pharmacological pain relief methods for reducing labor pain has always been one of the major concerns in obstetrics and gynecology. Objective: Comparing the effects of aromatherapy with jasmine and salvia on pain severity and labor outcome in nulliparous women. Materials and Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 156 nulliparous women in labor were randomly selected and divided into salvia, jasmine, and control groups (52 in each group). The study duration was 6 mon...

  11. The effect of inhalation aromatherapy with damask rose (Rosa damascena) essence on the pain intensity after dressing in patients with burns: A clinical randomized trial

    OpenAIRE

    Bikmoradi, Ali; Harorani, Mehdi; Roshanaei, Ghodratollah; Moradkhani, Shirin; Falahinia, Golam Hossein

    2016-01-01

    Background: Pain is one of the common problems encountered by patients with burns, which increases after each dressing. This study aimed to investigate the effect of inhalation aromatherapy with damask rose essence on the pain of patients with burns that is caused after dressing. Materials and Methods: A randomized clinical trial was conducted on 50 patients with second- and third-degree burn wounds. The baseline pain of the patients was assessed 30 min before they entered into the dressing r...

  12. The Effects of Sleep and Touch Therapy Accompanied By Music and Aromatherapy on the Impact Level of Fibromyalgia, Fatigue and Sleep Quality in Fibromyalgia Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Birsel Canan Demirbag; Behice Erci

    2014-01-01

    AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the effects of sleep and touch therapy accompanied by music and aromatherapy on the impact level of fibromyalgia, fatigue and sleep quality in fibromyalgia patients. Although the literature on fibromiyalgia mentions that fatigue and sleep disorders are prevalent in fibromyalgia patients and that some alternative methods facilitate sleep and diminish the sensitivity to fatigue, there is no program used in the hospitals for the fibromiyalji patients...

  13. Evaluation of the effect of aromatherapy with Rosa damascena Mill. on postoperative pain intensity in hospitalized children in selected hospitals affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in 2013: A randomized clinical trial

    OpenAIRE

    Marofi, Maryam; Sirousfard, Motahareh; Moeini, Mahin; Ghanadi, Alireza

    2015-01-01

    Background: Pain is the common complication after a surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of aromatherapy with Rosa damascena Mill. on the postoperative pain in children. Materials and Methods: In a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, we selected 64 children of 3–6 years of age through convenient sampling and divided them randomly into two groups. Patients in group A were given inhalation aromatherapy with R. damascena Mill., and in group B, the patients were ...

  14. Effect of aromatherapy massage on pain easing after cesarean section%香薰按摩对减轻剖宫产术后疼痛的效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丽燕; 周嘉燕; 陈毓婵; 贺辉; 刘伟平; 罗震; 廖拾零; 余凤仙; 陈霞萍; 蔡丽萍

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨香薰按摩对减轻剖宫产产妇术后疼痛的效果.方法 随机选择无慢性躯体疾病、无精神障碍、新生儿出生时健康、术后不使用麻醉镇痛泵的住院行剖宫产的初产妇456例,随机分成对照组和干预组各228例.对照组实施产后常规护理,干预组在常规护理的同时实施全身植物精华香薰按摩,比较两组剖宫产术后产妇切口疼痛、子宫收缩疼痛及产后相关的其他躯体疼痛不适和镇痛药物的使用情况.结果 干预组产妇术后不同时间的疼痛程度明显优于对照组(P<0.05),干预组产妇术后24 h后不再需要使用镇痛药物.结论 香薰按摩能有效减轻剖宫产产妇术后的疼痛程度,减少镇痛药物的使用次数.%Objective To discuss the effect of aromatherapy massage on pain easing after cesarean section.Methods 456 primiparas without chronic body disease,mental disorder,postoperative analgesia or unhealthy neonates were selected and randomly divided into control group(228 cases)and experimental group(228 cases).The control group received routine care,and the experimental group received plant essence aromatherapy massage besides routine care. Postpartum incision pain,uterine contraction pain and other body discomfort,as well as analgesic drug use after cesarean section were compared between the two groups. Results The degree of the pain at different stages in the experimental group was significantly lower than the control group(P <0. 05). Analgesic drug was not needed 24 hours after cesarean section in the experimental group. Conclusions Aromatherapy massage effectively eases pain after cesarean section and reduces analgesic drug use.

  15. Research Advances in the Effect of Aromatherapy on Sedative-hypnotic%芳香疗法镇静催眠作用的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘静

    2012-01-01

    随着芳香疗法的应用推广、理论体系的建立,其针对性治疗失眠方面的研究也有了长足的进步.目前,主要研究的具有镇静催眠作用的芳香植物包括薰衣草、缬草、柑橘等,通过对它们的研究发现用药途径、环境等因素可使得镇静催眠效果有所不同.故研究者进一步探讨了芳香疗法镇静催眠作用的机制,其中芳香透皮吸收和芳香吸入疗法已得到一些实验证实,芳香吸入通过嗅觉途径作用于中枢神经系统的也已得到合理假设,但仍需实验进一步论证.%Following the aromatherapy application,extension and theory system establishment,the pertinent treatment of insomnia research has made great progress. Currently,the major research of aromatic plants which have sedative-hypnotic effects including lavender, valerian, sweet orange, etc. Through study upon them,researchers found that the different administration pathways,environment,and other factors may bring about different effects. So researchers investigated the mechanism of aromatherapy on sedative and hypnotic further,in which aromatic absorbed through skin and aromatic inhalation therapy have been confirmed by a number of experiments,aromatic inhalation through the olfactory pathway on the central nervous system has also been rested on some reasonable assumptions,but still needs experiments for verification.

  16. Allergic Contact Dermatitis (type IV hypersensitivity and type I hypersensitivity following aromatherapy with ayurvedic oils (Dhanwantharam thailam, Eladi coconut oil presenting as generalized erythema and pruritus with flexural eczema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chembolli Lakshmi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Herbal and Ayurvedic medications, believed to be "mild" and "natural" are usually sought as the first line of treatment before resorting to "stronger" allopathic medication. There are very few reports of adverse reactions to either topical and/or systemic Ayurvedic medications. Massage aromatherapy with ayurvedic oils plays an important role in alleviation of pain, but may cause allergic contact dermatitis. This is the second case report of allergic contact dermatitis to ayurvedic oil.

  17. Allergic Contact Dermatitis (type IV hypersensitivity) and type I hypersensitivity following aromatherapy with ayurvedic oils (Dhanwantharam thailam, Eladi coconut oil) presenting as generalized erythema and pruritus with flexural eczema

    OpenAIRE

    Chembolli Lakshmi

    2014-01-01

    Herbal and Ayurvedic medications, believed to be "mild" and "natural" are usually sought as the first line of treatment before resorting to "stronger" allopathic medication. There are very few reports of adverse reactions to either topical and/or systemic Ayurvedic medications. Massage aromatherapy with ayurvedic oils plays an important role in alleviation of pain, but may cause allergic contact dermatitis. This is the second case report of allergic contact dermatitis to ayurvedic oil.

  18. Allergic Contact Dermatitis (Type IV Hypersensitivity) and Type I Hypersensitivity Following Aromatherapy with Ayurvedic Oils (Dhanwantharam Thailam, Eladi Coconut Oil) Presenting as Generalized Erythema and Pruritus with Flexural Eczema.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakshmi, Chembolli

    2014-05-01

    Herbal and Ayurvedic medications, believed to be "mild" and "natural" are usually sought as the first line of treatment before resorting to "stronger" allopathic medication. There are very few reports of adverse reactions to either topical and/or systemic Ayurvedic medications. Massage aromatherapy with ayurvedic oils plays an important role in alleviation of pain, but may cause allergic contact dermatitis. This is the second case report of allergic contact dermatitis to ayurvedic oil. PMID:24891661

  19. Physiological effects in aromatherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tapanee Hongratanaworakit

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The effects of aromas on humans are divided into physiological and psychological effects. The physiological effect acts directly on the physical organism, the psychological effect acts via the sense of smell or olfactory system, which in turn may cause a physiological effect. This paper reviews on the physiological effects which are used for the evaluation of the effects of aromas. Physiological parameters, i.e. heart rate blood pressure, electrodermal activity, electroencephalogram, slow potential brain waves (contingent negativevariation, and eye blink rate or pupil functions, are used as indices for the measurement of the aroma effects

  20. [Aromatherapy in nursing homes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barré, Lucile

    2015-01-01

    Pierre Delaroche de Clisson hospital uses essential oils as part of its daily organisation for the treatment of pain and the development of palliative care. The setting up of this project, in nursing homes and long-term care units, is the fruit of a complex mission carried out by a multidisciplinary team, which had to take into account the risks involved and overcome a certain amount of reluctance. PMID:26154352

  1. Physiological effects in aromatherapy

    OpenAIRE

    Tapanee Hongratanaworakit

    2004-01-01

    The effects of aromas on humans are divided into physiological and psychological effects. The physiological effect acts directly on the physical organism, the psychological effect acts via the sense of smell or olfactory system, which in turn may cause a physiological effect. This paper reviews on the physiological effects which are used for the evaluation of the effects of aromas. Physiological parameters, i.e. heart rate blood pressure, electrodermal activity, electroencephalogram, slow pot...

  2. Establishment and Consideration for Aromatherapy Regulation in China%我国芳香疗法标准制订与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅家齐

    2008-01-01

    芳香疗法(Aromatherapy)是一种整体治疗方法,主要是针对人类的身体、理智、心灵深处的需要,以及生活形态、人际关系、社会活动等方面的要求.它是一门利用芳香植物产品治疗疾病的艺术科学.我国在发展芳香疗法的短暂十儿年中,在目前国内呈快速发展趋势的同时,市场安全伤害事故也时有发生,夸大扭曲精油疗效的广告也很常见.这些市场行为给芳香疗法安全性带来较大隐患.怎样才能有效规范市场呢?我们认为法规和标准的早日制订迫在眉捷.

  3. 香薰按摩在产后抑郁患者中应用的效果评价%Application of aromatherapy massage in postpartum depression and effect evaluation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丽燕; 余凤仙; 廖拾零

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the application effect of aromatherapy massage by using plant extracts and its impact factors.[Methods] 94 pregnancy women whose Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale(EPDS)assessment score ranged between 10~20 points were selected in this study.They were implemented the aromatherapy massage 24 hours after delivery.49 cases treated with implementa-tion of the aromatherapy massage from maternal to puerperium were set as the observation group,45 cases whose aromatherapy massage was interrupted by various reasons after discharge were named as the control group.The EPDS score and growth and development indexes were compared 7,14,28,42 days postpartum.[Results] The EPDS scores in the observation group were lower than those in the control group 28,42 days postpartum.The growth and development indexes if infants were better than in the control group.Family-related factor was a direct impact on continuous implementation of aromatherapy massage postpartum.[Conclusions] Continuous implementation of aromatherapy massage by using plant extracts in the whole puerperium combined with psychological counseling by the massage nurses can regulate the maternal emotion,alleviate depression of these women.The puerpera with higher EPDS scores can't take good care of the infants,and can affect the development of the infants.%目的 探讨植物精华香薰按摩在产后抑郁患者中的实施效果及影响其实施的因素.方法选择《爱丁堡产后抑郁量表》(EPDS)评定总分在10~20分的产妇94例,产后24h实施香薰按摩,把持续实施按摩至产褥期结束的49例产妇作为观察组,出院后因各种因素影响,使按摩实施不能持续进行的45例作为对照组.比较2组产妇产后7、14、28、42 d的EPDS评分和婴儿出生28d时的各项生长发育指标.结果 产后28d、42d观察组产妇EPDS评分明显低于对照组,其婴儿发育相关指标明显好于对照组.家庭相关因素是直接影响按摩连续

  4. Research the Idea of Aromatherapy as Adjuvant Therapy for Postpartum Depression%芳香疗法辅助治疗产后抑郁症的设想研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张乃舒; 王佩娟

    2014-01-01

    [目的]为芳香疗法对辅助治疗产后抑郁症提供理论依据。[方法]本文概述了产后抑郁症发生的现代医学病因病理和中医学病因病机。从芳香药物对患者的情绪脑作用和刺激前额叶皮质血流量改善抑郁状态的两个方面详细阐述了芳香疗法现代医学理论依据。同时也从药物的归经及性味阐述中医学理论依据。[结果]现代医学认为芳香疗法能有效改善抑郁和焦虑的症状,并且具有起效快维持时间长的特点。中医学认为芳香药物具有的“疏肝理气、养血和血”的作用,可以有效治疗产后抑郁状态。[结论]芳香疗法作为辅助疗法可以有效缓解产后抑郁症患者痛苦,且作为辅助治疗手段会有更为广阔的未来。%Purpose]Providing theoretical basis for using aromatherapy as an adjuvant therapy to treat postpartum depression. [Method]The research summarizes the etiological factors, pathogenesis of postpartum depression and il ustrates the basis of treatment for aromatherapy in the perspectives of traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine. [Result]It confirms the theoretical basis for using aromatherapy as adjuvant therapy to treat postpartum depression. [Conclusion] As an adjuvant therapy, aromatherapy could effectively al eviate the suffering of patients and it would have a bright future.

  5. Effect of Aromatherapy in Stage of Labor on Delivery%产程中应用芳香疗法的效果观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄雪群; 彭政; 骆玉华

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨产程中应用芳香疗法对分娩结局的影响。方法选择262例单胎、初产妇、头位、足月,排除孕期胎儿窘迫、严重合并症及并发症的初产妇为研究对象。以产妇入院日期的单双号分组,对照组产妇除按常规观察护理外,在宫口开大2~3 cm时予以芳香疗法,对照组按产程观察常规观察护理。比较两组产妇分娩中疼痛程度、产程的时间、产程中用药、分娩方式、新生儿出生体质量、新生儿窒息率及产妇产后出血率。结果观察组疼痛程度低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);观察组第一、第二产程及总产程比对照组缩短,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);观察组自然分娩率高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);观察组产程中盐酸哌替啶、缩宫素的使用率低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P0.05). Conclusion Aromatherapy is effective for uniparas to reduce the pain and the usage rate of medications and speed up the stage of labor. It could promote natural birth and decrease the rate of cesarean delivery.

  6. 帕罗西汀联合芳香疗法和认知疗法治疗抑郁症对照研究%A control study of paroxetine combined with aromatherapy and cognitive therapy for depression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐淑敏; 刘爱红; 孟焱

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical efficacy of paroxetine combined with aromatherapy and cogni-tive therapy for depression .Methods Eighty depression patients were randomly divided into two groups of 40 ones each ,both groups took orally paroxetine ,and research group was plus aromatherapy and cognitive therapy for 6 weeks .Efficacies were assessed with the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD)and Clinical Global Impression-Severity of Illness (CGI-SI) before and after treatment ,adverse reactions recorded any time .Results The HAMD and CGI-SI scores in each period were significantly lower in research than con-trol group (P< 0 .05 or 0 .01);at the end of the 6th week cure and total effective rate were respectively 42 .5% and 100 .0% in research and 20 .0% and 90 .0% in control group ,the former were significantly higher than the latter (χ2 =4 .71 ,4 .21 ;P<0 .05) .There were no severe adverse reactions in both groups during treatment .Conclusion Paroxetine combined with aromatherapy and cognitive therapy for depres-sion could improve clinical effect notably ,takes effect more rapidly and has higher safety compared with single paroxetine treatment .%目的:探讨帕罗西汀联合芳香疗法和认知疗法治疗抑郁症的临床疗效。方法将80例抑郁症患者随机分为两组,每组40例,两组均口服帕罗西汀治疗,研究组在此基础上联合芳香疗法和认知疗法治疗,观察6周。治疗前后采用汉密顿抑郁量表和临床总体印象量表-疾病严重程度分量表评定疗效,随时记录治疗过程中出现的不良反应。结果研究组治疗各时段汉密顿抑郁量表和临床总体印象量表-疾病严重程度分量表评分均显著低于对照组( P<0.05或0.01);治疗6周末,痊愈率42.5%、总有效率100.0%,对照组分别为20.0%、90.0%,研究组显著高于对照组(χ2=4.71、4.21,P<0.05)。治疗过程中两组均未出现严重不良反应。结论

  7. 苍艾香薰油的气相色谱——质谱分析%An Analysis of Cang - ai Aromatherapy Oils by Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈柏君; 马云淑; 熊磊

    2011-01-01

    Objective; To analyze the main chemical components of Cang - ai aromatherapy oils and e-valuate the feasibility of the extracting technology. Methods; The volatile oils were extracted from the compound Cang - ai by steam distillation. The stability of extraction was observed and the main chemical components were analyzed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry ( GC - MS) as well. The relative percentages of components were counted by normalization calculate. Results; 37 chemical components were detected from the volatile extraction and 13 of them were identified the chemical composition which keep the main effective component of the prescription. The volume of Cang - Ai essential oils had no significant change after heatting at high temperature while its color was obviously change. And, the contents of the chemical composition were reduced certainly by heatting. Conclusion; The extracting technology for Cang - ai aromatherapy oils could keep the main effective components of the prescription.%目的:研究苍艾香熏油的主要化学成分,考察提取工艺的可行性.方法:采用水蒸气蒸馏法从苍艾复方中提取挥发油,观察苍艾香薰油的稳定性并用气相色谱-质谱联用( GC - MS)法对其主要化学成分进行分析鉴定,用归一法计算各组分的相对百分含量.结果:本实验提取出的挥发油共检测出37种化学成分,鉴定了其中13种主要化学成分及含量,能较好的保留组方中药物的主要成分;高温加热后苍艾香薰油的体积无明显变化,颜色变化较为明显,且对药物化学成分的含量有一定的影响,能降低其大部分有效成分的含量.结论:苍艾香薰油提取工艺可行,能较好的保留组方中药物的主要有效成分.

  8. Effect of auricular-plaster therapy combined with aromatherapy on anxiety and quality of life in patients with colorectal surgery%耳穴按压配合芳香疗法对大肠癌手术患者焦虑和生活质量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晨霞; 金昌德; 王彦鑫; 张萌

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of auricular-plaster therapy combined with aromatherapy on anxiety and quality of life in patients with colorectal surgery.Methods A total of 135 patients with colorectal surgery were randomly divided into group A (auricular-plaster therapy combined with aromatherapy),group B(auricular-plaster therapy),group C (aromatherapy),group D(blank).Anxiety and life quality levels of four groups were determined by using self-rating anxiety scale(SAS),quality of life instruments for cancer patients (QLICP-CR)and were compared between four groups before and after intervention.Results The SAS and QLICP-CR scores of group A were lower than those of group B,group C and group D after intervention.The SAS and QLICP-CR scores of group B and group C were lower than that of group D after intervention.There were no statistical significant differences in SAS and QLICP-CR scores between group B and group C after intervention.Conclusions Auricular-plaster therapy combined with aromatherapy can effectively alleviate anxiety of patients with colorectal surgery and improve their quality of life,and the effect is better than that of auricular-plaster therapy and aromatherapy.%目的 评价耳穴按压配合芳香疗法对大肠癌手术患者焦虑和生活质量的影响.方法 将135例大肠癌手术患者随机分为A组(耳穴按压配合芳香疗法)33例、B组(耳穴按压)33例、C组(芳香疗法)34例、D组(空白组)35例,采用焦虑自评量表(SAS)、大肠癌生活质量测定量表(QLICP-CR)对4组干预前后的焦虑和生活质量水平进行测试并比较不同方法的效果.结果 A、B、C组干预前后SAS与QLICP-CR总分比较差异均有统计学意义;A、B、C组干预后的SAS和QLICP-CR总分与D组比较差异均有统计学意义;A组干预后SAS和QLICP-CR总分与B、C组比较,比较差异均有统计学意义;C组干预后SAS和QLICP-CR总分与B组比较差异无统计学意义.结论 耳穴按压配合芳香疗

  9. 耳穴按压配合芳香疗法对大肠癌手术患者应激反应的影响%The effect of auricular-plaster therapy combined with aromatherapy on stress responses in patients receiving colorectal surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晨霞; 王仲兰; 庄桂学; 金昌德

    2013-01-01

    目的 评价耳穴按压配合芳香疗法对缓解大肠癌手术患者应激反应的效果.方法 将135例大肠癌手术患者分为A组33例(耳穴按压配合芳香疗法)、B组33例(耳穴按压)、C组34例(芳香疗法)、D组35例(空白对照).采用焦虑自评量表(SAS)对4组患者不同时间点的焦虑水平进行测试;记录4组患者不同时间点的心率和血压.结果 4组不同测量时间及组间的焦虑评分、血压、心率比较,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01).干预后A组焦虑评分、血压、心率低于B、C、D组,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).干预后B组和C组焦虑评分、血压、心率低于D组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).干预后B组焦虑评分、血压、心率与C组比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 耳穴按压配合芳香疗法能有效减轻大肠癌手术患者的焦虑,稳定血压和心率,且效果优于单独采用耳穴按压或芳香疗法.%Objective To evaluate the effect of auricular-plaster therapy combined with aromatherapy on stress responses in patients receiving colorectal surgery.Methods Totally 135 patients receiving colorectal surgery were randomly divided into group A(auricular-plaster therapy combined with aromatherapy),group B(auricular-plaster therapy),group C (aromatherapy) and group D(blank).The patients' anxiety was assessed by Self-Rating Anxiety Scale(SAS).Moreover,the patients' heart rate(HR) and blood pressure(BP) were recorded at different time.Results A group main effect(P<0.01),time main effect(P<0.01) and interaction effect between time and group was found(P<0.01).After intervention,the patients' anxiety,BP and HR in group A were significantly lower than group B,C and D(P<0.05); the patients' anxiety,BP and HR in group B and group C were significantly lower than group D(P<0.05).Conclusion Auricular-plaster therapy combined with aromatherapy can effectively alleviate anxiety and stabilize BP and HR in patients with colorectal

  10. Eficácia da aromaterapia na redução de níveis de estresse e ansiedade em alunos de graduação da área da saúde: estudo preliminar Effectiveness of aromatherapy in reducing stress and anxiety levels in undergraduate health science students: a preliminary study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cassandra Santantonio de Lyra

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo verificar a eficácia de aromaterapia na diminuição de níveis de estresse e ansiedade (traço e estado de alunos de graduação de cursos na área da saúde. Participaram do estudo 36 sujeitos, com idade entre 18 e 29 anos, que foram divididos entre os que receberam tratamento (grupo aroma, n=18 e o grupo controle (n=18. Os sujeitos foram avaliados quanto a níveis de estresse e ansiedade antes e após o período de intervenção, pela Lista de Sintomas de Estresse e pelo Inventário de Ansiedade Traço e Estado. O tratamento de aromaterapia consistiu em sete sessões (duas vezes por semana de dez minutos de inalação com uma sinergia de óleos essenciais elaborada especificamente. Os escores de estresse e ansiedade antes e depois do tratamento foram comparados estatisticamente, com nível de significância de 5% (pThe purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of aromatherapy in decreasing stress and anxiety levels in undergraduate health science students. Thirty-six students aged 18 to 29 were divided into those who received treatment (aroma group, n=18 and a control group (n=18. All subjects were assessed as to stress and anxiety levels before and after the treatment, by means of the List of Stress Symptoms and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. The aromatherapy treatment consisted in twice weekly, 10-minute inhalations of a synergy of essential oils made specifically for this study, for a total of 7 sessions. Stress and anxiety scores measured before and after treatment were statistically compared, with significance level set at 5% (p<0.05. The aroma group showed a significant (p<0,05 decrease in stress (less 24% and anxitey (less 13% and 19% levels, while in control group only a significant, though lesser (11% stress level decrease could be noticed. Aromatherapy thus proved effective in reducing stress and anxiety levels in graduate health students, but there is still great need to further studies to

  11. Immunological and Psychological Benefits of Aromatherapy Massage

    OpenAIRE

    Hiroko Kuriyama; Satoko Watanabe; Takaaki Nakaya; Ichiro Shigemori; Masakazu Kita; Noriko Yoshida; Daiki Masaki; Toshiaki Tadai; Kotaro Ozasa; Kenji Fukui; Jiro Imanishi

    2005-01-01

    This preliminary investigation compares peripheral blood cell counts including red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), neutrophils, peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs), CD4+, CD8+ and CD16+ lymphocytes, CD4+/CD8+ ratio, hematocrit, humoral parameters including serum interferon-γ and interleukin-6, salivary secretory immunoglobulin A (IgA). Psychological measures including the State–Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) questionnaire and the Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) between recip...

  12. Effects of aromatherapy massage with plant extracts in the improvement of rehabilitation in women with postpartum depression%植物精华香薰按摩促进产后抑郁妇女康复的效果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丽燕; 叶贞志; 余凤仙; 周嘉燕

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解植物精华香薰按摩在促进产后抑郁妇女产后康复中的效果.方法 对在本院足月顺产、EPDS评定总分在10~20分的85例产妇,随机分成对照组42例,观察组43例.对照组实施产后常规护理,观察组在常规护理的基础上,于产后24h起实施植物精华香熏按摩至产后42 d,采用孕产妇社区全程陪护健康管理模式,通过社康—医院—体化管理体制对产妇进行追踪调查,比较分析两组产妇产后第1、7、14、28、42、60、90 d的EPDS、PSQI评分和婴儿出生28、60、90 d的生长发育指标.结果 观察组产妇产后7d以后EPDS、PSQI评分及婴儿28 d以后生长发育相关指标均明显好于对照组(P<0.05).结论 植物精华香薰按摩配合情志的疏导,能有效调节产后抑郁妇女的情绪,提高睡眠质量,缓解抑郁症状,同时对婴儿的生长发育有良好的促进作用.%Objective To explore the effects of aromatherapy massage with plant extracts in the improvement of rehabilitation in women with postpartum depression.Methods 85 puerperas with full-term delivery and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) score of 10 to 20 were randomly divided into a control group (42 puerperas) and a study group (43 puerperas).The control group received the conventional postnatal care,while the study group received aromatherapy massage with plant extracts from postnatal 24 h to day 42 in addition to the conventional care.The community full escort health management was performed on all the puerperas; the puerperas were tracked by using community-hospital-individual system.The scores on the EPDS and PSQI were compared between the two groups on days 1,7,14,28,42,60 and 90 after delivery,and the index of growth and development was compared in the infants on days 28,60,and 90 after birth.Results The scores on the EPDS and PSQI in puerperas on day 7 and the index of growth and development in the infants on day 28 after birth were significantly

  13. Effects of therapeutic touch associated with musicotherapy and aromatherapy on perioperative stress reaction of patients undergoing breast implants surgery%音乐香薰疗法和触摸疗法相结合对假体隆乳术患者围手术期应激反应的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁妍

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨触摸疗法和音乐香薰疗法相结合对假体隆乳术患者围手术期应激反应的影响.方法:选取90例静脉麻醉下行假体隆胸术的患者,按随机数字表分为3组,每组30例,于术前一天上午,下午及临睡前半小时分别给予三次不同的护理干预:对照组(A组),静卧于病床20 min;触摸疗法组(B组),触摸治疗20 min;触摸疗法+音乐香薰疗法组(C组),触摸治疗+音乐香薰疗法20 min.干预前(术前1h)和干预后(术后6h)分别测定患者状态焦虑值(SAI);入院时,术前1h、术中(切皮时),术后4h测定患者平均动脉血压(MAP)、心率(HR)和血糖(Glu);术后6h测定患者疼痛程度(VAS)的变化.结果:三组患者入院时SAI值均显著高于常模,组闻无差异(P>0.05);干预后A组略上升,B组和C组明显下降,低于常模,C组低于B组(P0.05);术中三组MAP、HR均升高,B.C组间差异明显(P0.05);术中略升高;术后4h下降,C组最低(P0.05).结论:术前触摸疗法和音乐香薰疗法相结合的护理措施可以有效减轻假体隆乳术患者的围手术期应激反应.%Objective To investigate the effects of therapeutic touch associated with musicotherapy and aromatherapy on perioperative stress reaction of patients undergoing breast implants surgery. Methods 90 women undergoing breast implants surgery with intravenous anesthesia were randomly into three groups (n=30):control group (group A),therapeutic touch group (group B) and therapeutic touch associated with musicotherapy and aromatherapy group (group C).Treatments were applied for 20 min in preoperative day three times, with (group A) lying in bed with eyes closed only; (group B) therapeutic touch; (group C) therapeutic touch associated with musicotherapy and aromatherapy.The values of SAI from patients were determined at 1h before operation and 6h after operation; MAP,HR and Glu were detected at admission to hospital,1h before operation, during operation and 4h after operation; the values

  14. 话说香疗与精油%About Aromatherapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑可冉

    2007-01-01

    芳香疗法(Aromatherapy)起源于古埃及等文明古国,近代盛行于欧洲。Aromatherapy一词Aroma和therapy两部分组成。其中,Aroma源自希腊文,芬芳、香味、香气;Therapy即是治疗法,意指使用芳香的气味来进行治疗的方法。

  15. Effect of aromatherapy on pruritus relief in hemodialysis patients

    OpenAIRE

    Shahgholian, Nahid; Dehghan, Mahlagha; Mortazavi, Mojgan; Gholami, Farzaneh; Valiani, Mahboobeh

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Pruritus is one of the commonest problems in patients with end-stage renal failure undergoing hemodialysis. Pruritus is an irritating symptom which can directly affect the life quality of patients with chronic renal failure. However, available treatments have failed to relieve the symptom and kidney transplant remains the definite treatment of the problem. A recently proposed treatment for pruritus is the use of complementary medicine. Thus, the aim of this research is to study th...

  16. Aromatherapy with ylang ylang for anxiety and self-esteem: a pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Rizzo Gnatta

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To verify if the use of ylang ylang essential oil by cutaneous application or inhalation alters the anxiety and self-esteem perception and physiological parameters as blood pressure and temperature. Method : A pilot study with 34 professionals from a nursing group randomized in three groups: one received the ylang ylang essential oil by cutaneous application, the second received through inhalation and the third (placebo received the ylang ylang essence through cutaneous application. The assessment was done by an Anxiety Inventory (IDATE and the Dela Coleta self-esteem scale, applied on baseline, after 30, 60 and 90 days and after 15 days post-intervention (follow up. Results : In the pre and post-intervention intergroup analysis, there was a significant difference in self-esteem for the three groups (p values: G1=0.014; G2=0.016; G3=0.038. There were no differences in the analysis between groups for anxiety or for physiological parameters. Conclusion : It was found significant alterations only to the intergroup perception of self-esteem for the three groups.

  17. Moxibustion and aromatherapy%艾灸与芳香疗法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔莹雪; 赵百孝

    2010-01-01

    文章通过对艾灸疗法与芳香疗法在历史、材料、治疗过程、适应症等方面进行分析对照,发现艾灸从材料选择、施灸过程等多方面,均与芳香疗法存在一定程度的相关性,提示芳香治疗作用可能是艾灸治疗作用的一个方面,且具有一定的研究前景.若对艾灸进行适当的规范和改良,将更好地促进艾灸疗法的推广和应用.

  18. 芳香疗法源流与发展%Origin and Development of Aromatherapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜建

    2003-01-01

    通过回顾芳香疗法的渊源和发展,提出芳香疗法肇端于先秦,形成于晋汉,隋唐以来中外交流为其发展创造了条件,明代总结了具体治法,至清代吴师机问世,芳香疗法有了完整的理论体系.现代的国际交流和临床探索表明芳香疗法实践和研究产生了质的飞跃,芳香疗法应用有了新的拓展.

  19. Effects of Aromatherapy on Test Anxiety and Performance in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunnigan, Jocelyn Marie

    2013-01-01

    Test anxiety is a complex, multidimensional construct composed of cognitive, affective, and behavioral components that have been shown to negatively affect test performance. Furthermore, test anxiety is a pervasive problem in modern society largely related to the evaluative nature of educational programs, therefore meriting study of its nature,…

  20. Comparative Study on Origins of Traditional Chinese Aromatherapy and Western Aromatherapy%中医芳香疗法与西方芳香疗法渊源比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜君

    2013-01-01

    对中医芳香疗法与西方芳香疗法的历史沿革、理论观点、施用方法、材料等进行分析对照,发现西方芳香疗法在理论思路、施用过程等多方面,均与中医芳香疗法存在一定程度的相关性,中医芳香疗法具有很大研究前景.

  1. 关于芳香疗法(Aromatherapy)的市场实证调查%The investigation of the cognition and willingness of the public on aromatherapy in city Changsha

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林思宇; 谢未彤; 何望; 刘航君; 张紫阳; 黄盛

    2012-01-01

    温室气体肆虐,地球持续发烧给人类的健康造成了巨大的危机,低碳环保成为了各个生产、消费领域的主题.被低碳环保一族亲切的称作“大自然的能量”的芳香疗法(Aromtherapy)因其在神经、呼吸道及皮肤等疾病上的治疗功效备受大家关注.为了了解芳疗产品及服务的市场需求程度,本文通过设计和发放调查问卷,对公众关于芳疗的认知与意愿及其影响因素进行了实地调研,并在此基础上建立了Probit模型,对影响公众的认知与意愿的因素进行了系统分析.公众对芳疗的认知与意愿受到其居住或工作地点、收入等的综合影响.通过我们的调查得知,芳香疗法的市场需求很大,前景广阔.

  2. Sterile insect technique and Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae): assessing the utility of aromatherapy in a Hawaiian coffee field.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shelly, Todd E; McInnis, Donald O; Rodd, Charles; Edu, James; Pahio, Elaine

    2007-04-01

    The sterile insect technique (SIT) is widely used in integrated programs against tephritid fruit fly pests, particularly the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Unfortunately, the mass-rearing procedures inherent to the SIT often lead to a reduction in the mating ability of the released males. One potential solution involves the prerelease exposure of males to particular attractants. In particular, exposure of male Mediterranean fruit flies to ginger, Zingiber officinale Roscoe, root oil (GRO) has been shown to increase mating success in laboratory and field cage trials. Here, we describe a field experiment that compares the level of egg sterility observed in two Hawaiian coffee, Coffea arabica L., plots, with GRO-exposed, sterile males released in one (treated) plot and nonexposed, sterile males released in the other (control) plot. Once per week in both plots over a 13-wk period, sterile males were released, trap captures were scored to estimate relative abundance of sterile and wild males, and coffee berries were collected and dissected in the laboratory to estimate the incidence of unhatched (sterile) eggs. Data on wild fly abundance and the natural rate of egg hatch also were collected in a remote area that received no sterile males. Despite that sterile:wild male ratios were significantly lower in the treated plot than in the control plot, the incidence of sterile eggs was significantly higher in the treated plot than in the control plot. Correspondingly, significantly higher values of Fried's competitiveness index (C) were found, on average, for treated than control sterile males. This study is the first to identify an association between the GRO "status" of sterile males and the incidence of egg sterility in the field and suggests that prerelease, GRO exposure may represent a simple and inexpensive means to increase the effectiveness of Mediterranean fruit fly SIT programs. PMID:17461047

  3. 芳香疗法在园林中的应用研究%Research on Aromatherapy's applying in Landscape

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志强

    2006-01-01

    在介绍芳香疗法的定义及其发展过程的基础上,概括出它在国内外研究与应用现状,指出了目前仅用于工业和服务业的局限性;归纳出芳香疗法具有疗效可靠、安全舒适、无副作用等特点及在防病疗疾、优化环境和精神方面的功效;提出了其在园林绿地中"芳香植物专类园"、"夜花园"、"盲人植物园"、"保健绿地"等应用形式;并探讨了芳香疗法在园林应用中应注意的问题.从而为芳香疗法的应用提出了新思路、新方法.

  4. 中国传统香熏方药及作用考%Criticisms on Traditional Chinese Aromatherapy and Formulas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁洁韵

    2010-01-01

    中国传统香熏法历史悠久,在古代日常生活和医疗活动中得到广泛应用.所用香品选药精当,性味调和,其医疗养生价值得到历代文献的肯定.本文以香熏方药及其文献记载作为切入点,对中国传统香熏疗法作一初步梳理.

  5. 芳香疗法与现代妇女保健%Aromatherapy and modern women's health

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄慧; 杨静

    2005-01-01

    该文综述了芳香疗法的定义、由来及芳香疗法所使用的精油的使用方法和使用禁忌,并深入浅出地列出了芳香疗法在女性各生理期的运用及对各种妇科常见病的防治,预测芳香疗法在未来妇产科临床将扮演的重要角色.

  6. Oral Application Principles of Aromatherapy Treatments%内服芳香疗法应用原理分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅家齐

    2010-01-01

    内服芳香疗法利用香药物质作用于人体内从而产生治疗效果,目前市场上的此类产品不下数十种.对于香药物质内服后的体内吸收、分布、代谢、排泄过程与治疗效用之间的关系,虽然相关部门已经进行了部分临床研究分析,但在涉及到内服后各体内过程中出现的变化,以及以增强芳香药物疗效减少不良反应、提高使用对像依从性为目的的研究工作依然还不够.内服芳香疗法的药理分析直接关系到香药物的研制、临床试验、使用效果、药物作用机理及药物质量评价.在探求内服芳香疗法的规律性、安全性、有效性以及合理用量方面诮注重香药物质理化特性的改善、制作工艺的优化、释药规律和特征的调控以及吸收效率的提高.

  7. 芳香疗法在产程中的应用%Application of aromatherapy during stages of labor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张慧珠; 陈艳雯; 霍颖; 韩田骏

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨芳香精油在产程中缓解产妇焦虑情绪与分娩镇痛的关系.方法:选取2011年1月~2012年12月在该院进行产检和分娩的初产妇200例为研究对象,将常规分娩的孕妇设为对照组,100例;将分娩时吸入芳香精油的孕妇设为芳香精油组,100例.同期将芳香精油组与对照组进行t检验或x2检验,列出11项分测项目进行分析.结果:11项分测项目中,芳香精油组与对照组比较,在产程中潜伏期(8±3.12;9±7.56)、活跃期(2.36±1.97; 3.9±2.79)、第2产程时长(55±17; 75±23)、分娩方式(选择自然分娩)(90%;79%)、产程中催产素应用(13%;57%)、呼吸频率(23±1.26; 31±3.6)、Scl-90评分焦虑状态(1.37±0.42; 1.83±0.69)、几项中,两组比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);在胎心率监测(140±0.39; 140±1.26)、出生后1 min Apgar评分(9±0.79;7±1.69)、5 min Apgar评分(10±0.80;9±0.96)几项中,两组比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论:芳香疗法在产程中的应用帮助产妇减轻分娩时的疼痛感,减轻焦虑情绪,促进了自然分娩,降低了剖宫产率,促进母婴安全.

  8. The Application Principles of Aromatherapy Massage%芳香按摩疗法的应用原理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅家齐; 周欣欣

    2010-01-01

    按摩是中国最古老的一种手技疗法,亦称推拿、按跷等.而芳香按摩疗法是在人体体表及经络或穴位上运用各种手法,辅以芳香物质进行按摩治疗.达到强身健体和治疗疾病的目的.能否达到这一目的,关键在于是否能掌握和运用好各种芳香物质品种以及按摩手法.因为芳香按摩的治疗效果直接与芳香物质品种的配制、皮肤的透皮吸收、按摩手法的技巧和按摩手法的选择有关.

  9. Using Aromatherapy Massage to Increase Shared Attention Behaviours in Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders and Severe Learning Difficulties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomons, Steve

    2005-01-01

    Children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) characteristically display a lack of shared attention behaviours and the lack of these behaviours impacts on their ability to develop social interactions and relationships with others. Steve Solomons, assistant headteacher at Rectory Paddock School and Research Unit in the London Borough of Bromley,…

  10. Efek Aromaterapi Lavender Secara Evaporasi Terhadap Penurunan Tekanan Darah dan Denyut Jantung pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara

    OpenAIRE

    Nasution, Khalishaturrahmi

    2015-01-01

    Aromatherapy is a method of therapy that is currently growing rapidly worldwide. Aromatherapy with lavender essential oil can be administered in many ways, one of them is by inhalation. One of the function of aromatherapy is to relax the body, which could lower blood pressure and heart rate. This research was done in Faculty of Medicine of North Sumatra University from September to November 2014 with the purpose of acknowledging the effect of lavender aromatherapy administration by evapor...

  11. Aromaterapie jako součást relaxačních technik.

    OpenAIRE

    JÍROVÁ, Jana

    2009-01-01

    My paper deals with using of aromatherapy as a part of relaxation techniques. In theoretical part I dealt with definition of relaxation and its sense. The most part I engaged in aromatherapy itself. I aimed on meaning of word aromatherapy, its history and its use in our time. I also pursued herbs and etheric oils, which unconditionaly belongs to aromatherapy. The practical part includes evaluation of enquiry aplicated on students of Health education which is aimed to trace theier opinion on a...

  12. The Sterile Insect Technique and the Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae): Assessing the Utility of Aromatherapy in a Hawaiian Coffee Field

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) is widely used in integrated programs against tephritid fruit fly pests, particularly the Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly), Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). Unfortunately, the mass-rearing procedures inherent to the SIT often lead to a reduction in the mating abilit...

  13. 浅析芳香疗法产品标准体系架构%Analysis of the Aromatherapy Product Standard System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅家齐

    2009-01-01

    产品标准体系是指一定范围内的标准其内在联系形成的科学的有机整体.其中"一定范围"可以指产品、项目、技术、事务范围;"有机整体"是指标准体系是一个整体,产品标准体系内各项标准之间具有内在的有机联系.例如芳香疗法中所使用的产品在使用方法上包括按摩法、水疗法(SPA)、薰蒸吸入法、内服灌洗法、喷洒法,这些方法所使用的"一定范围"产品例如芳香植物油、植物媒介油、纯露、植物的根、茎、叶、花、果实所制取的干制品在各项标准之间又具有内在的"有机联系".

  14. Experimental Study of Aromatherapy Medicine Ward Disinfectants Disinfection%香薰中药消毒剂对病房消毒的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁玉玲

    2015-01-01

    目的 观察香薰中药消毒剂对医院病房消毒的效果.方法 选择综合科病房,随机选择使用香薰中药消毒剂与2%过氧乙酸喷雾消毒,各消毒10间病房.检测消毒前30min,消毒后1h及通风后1h空气中微生物菌落数,对比病房消毒效果.结果 与消毒前30min对比,香薰中药消毒剂消毒1h后和通风1h后均能显著减少病房空气菌落数(P<0.01),杀菌率分别为78.42%和75.08%,与2%过氧乙酸消毒效果相当(P>0.05).在急性吸入性毒理实验中,在20600mg/m3剂量下小鼠未见毒性不良反应,根据卫生部《消毒技术规范(2012)》可判定香薰中药消毒剂属实际无毒.结论 香薰中药消毒剂具有良好的消毒效果,安全无毒,并且气味芳香,相对过氧乙酸更易为患者接受.

  15. 简论香道的起源与发展%A Brief Introduction on the Origin and Development of Aromatherapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建中; 刘丽莎

    2016-01-01

    中华文明香火不断,与香道的形成和传承有密切关系.世界五大文明的发生与发展,也与香道的源流有许多暗合.研究古今中外的香道流变、香道历史及其香道在岭南文化中的应用与发展,对弘扬中华传统文化,促进中外文化交流,实施“一带一路”发展战略具有重要意义.

  16. A variação denominativa nos textos especializados da aromaterapia: o caso da unidade terminológica Alecrim = Rosemary variation within Aromatherapy texts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neide Munhoz Albano

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo objetiva discutir a variação da planta Alecrim, no âmbito da denominação científica e popular, na ótica do prescritivismo das teorias da variação linguística. A análise concentra-se nas variantes terminológicas em consonância com seu uso.This article aims to discuss variation with respect to the scientific and common denominations of the Rosemary plant, based on the approach of prescription of the theories of linguistic variation. The analysis focuses on the terminological variants in consonance with their use by experts in the field.

  17. Development Prospect of the Plants for Extracting Aromatherapy Industry in Yunnan Province%云南省香薰植物产业发展前景分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭子芸; 李丹桐; 陈蕊; 钱敏; 陈艺齐; 杨红均

    2013-01-01

    介绍了香薰植物加工产品的国内外供求现状及云南省的供应现状,在对香薰植物市场需求量进行预测的基础上,分析得出云南省发展香薰植物产业具有广阔的市场前景.接着对云南省发展香薰植物产业的竞争优势和风险因素进行了分析,指出云南省具有发展香薰植物的气候优势、区位优势和价格优势,只是由于产品标准缺乏、质量得不到保障,具有一定的市场风险.最后提出了云南省香薰产业的发展建议,一是充分利用政策优势,建好龙头,辐射发展;二是发挥资源优势,引进资本与技术;三是培育市场,带动产业发展.

  18. Efficacy of Aromatherapy in Improving Elderly's Sleep Quality%芳香疗法改善老年人睡眠质量的效果研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李衡; 林琳; 李彦章; 熊梅; 唐平

    2016-01-01

    目的 探讨芳香疗法改善老年人睡眠质量的效果.方法 56名老年人随机分成按摩组18例、嗅吸组18例和对照组20例.3组被试在干预前、干预8周后采用匹兹堡睡眠指数量表(PSQI)进行同期总评分和各成分评分,比较干预前后差异.结果 1)3组被试组间效应显著,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);按摩组与嗅吸组干预前后PSQI评分相比,总均分均较干预前明显降低,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);对照组前后PSQI评分比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).与嗅吸组相比,按摩组在干预后PSQI评分比干预前降低更明显,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05).2)按摩组被试的睡眠质量、入睡时间、睡眠时间、睡眠效率、睡眠障碍以及日间功能障碍等成分在于预前后同期评分相比,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).嗅吸组被试的睡眠质量、入睡时间、睡眠障碍以及日间功能障碍等成分在干预前后同期评分相比,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 芳香疗法能有效缓解和改善老年人的睡眠质量;且按摩疗法比嗅吸疗法效果更明显.

  19. Analysis on Common Varieties of Chinese Medicine Used in Aromatherapy%中药芳疗常用品种解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅家齐; 周欣欣

    2009-01-01

    中药芳疗是借助中药及香料药物疗效作用,达到扶正祛邪、调整阴阳、调理气血、调治脏腑的功效.根据各类中药的不同功效,在辩证的基础上,选择适宜的中药品种,通过中药对全身的调理,从而达到补益强身、葆春养彦、延缓衰老以及治疗损容性疾病和纠正损容性缺陷的目的.根据中药芳疗的特点,侧重介绍外用中药的部分品种,即运用药物直接作用于体表局部,并使药物的性能直达病灶,产生治疗和保健驻颜的效果.

  20. 芳香疗法产品标准的安全性评价%Safety Evaluation for Aromatherapy Product Standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅家齐

    2009-01-01

    现代芳香疗法中,人们已懂得利用芳香疗法帮助患者达到心理、生理和精神上的平衡.人体缺乏平衡就会引发很多病症,例如极端的过高体温或体温过低、血压过高或过低、荷尔蒙分泌失调等.心理和精神缺乏平衡,也会出现病态,如忧郁、歇斯底里、狂燥等.通过芳疗师的治疗,使身体和心灵及所有能量都维持在平衡状态,才有可能获得真正健康.目前,芳香疗法风靡国内外,我国芳香疗法正处在刚起步而市场呈高速上升阶段,如何能安全地应用芳香疗法产品去满足消费者需求,在制订芳香疗法产品标准前,对产品安全性认知很有必要.

  1. 从《内经》理论探讨中医对肠道肿瘤的认识%Discussing Knowledge about Chinese Aromatherapy and Formulas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓莉

    2010-01-01

    本文对中有关肠道积证、肠覃、虚瘕、肠溜等论述进行了探讨,以此为基点,展开了中医对肠道肿瘤的研究.将肠道肿瘤产生的原因归纳为外感因素、饮食因素、情志因素与脏腑虚亏等;将肠道肿瘤形成的病机归纳为气滞血瘀、热毒内结、痰湿结聚与脏腑失调等.从辨证论冶角度,指出肠道肿瘤当以腹部肿块、腹部疼痛、大便异常三大主症为特点,并就其证候分型、辨治要点等问题进行了总结.最后强调,注重培补脾肾、注重合理饮食、注重心理调适是治疗肠道肿瘤之关键所在.

  2. 芳香疗法--精油的保健和治疗作用%Aromatherapy--healthful and curative effects of essential oils

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵勋国

    2005-01-01

    概述了芳香疗法的历史和现状,简要介绍了精油的提取方法和治疗功效,根据芳疗用精油的不同用法,论述了它们的作用机理,展望了芳疗用精油的市场前景.

  3. [総説]ストレスとアロマテラピーによるセルフケア : 沖縄産ケモタイプ精油の有用性についての一考察

    OpenAIRE

    宮森, 孝子; Miyamori, Takako; マリアズリリーアロマテラピースクール; Maria's Lily School of Aromatherapy

    2011-01-01

    Recently, stress has become one of the big health problems in our society. The emotions of fear, anger, anxiety, and pleasure are caused by the amygdaloid bodies in the brain. Fortunately, recent studies have shown that fragrance information has a direct influence on amygdaloid bodies. Aromatherapy is a method of using the activities of the molecules of fragrance and flavor. Therefore, it may be said that the aromatherapy is helpful for stress reduction. The oil used in aromatherapy is called...

  4. Aromaterapie jako součást relaxačních technik

    OpenAIRE

    VANDLÍČKOVÁ, Karolína

    2014-01-01

    This bachelor thesis focuses on aromatherapy as a part of relaxation technique. Theoretical part discusses the field of relaxation and regeneration. Subsequently it describes characteristics of aromatherapy, its history and its importance to humans. Further I addressed the topic of vegetal and essential oils, that are crucial part of aromatherapy and relaxation massages. Practical part describes the whole process of enquiry that used standardized POMS survey questionnaire. Research sample con...

  5. Aromatherapy on a large scale: Exposing entire holding rooms to ginger root oil increases the mating competitiveness of sterile males of the Mediterranean fruit fly in field cage trials

    Science.gov (United States)

    The sterile insect technique (SIT) is widely used in integrated programs against fruit fly pests, particularly the Mediterranean fruit fly. Unfortunately, the mass-rearing procedures inherent to the SIT often lead to a reduction in male mating competitiveness. The sterile insect technique (SIT) is w...

  6. O uso da aromaterapia no alívo da ansiedade El uso de la aromaterapia en el alivo de la ansiedad The use of aromatherapy in alleviating anxiety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Rizzo Gnatta

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Verificar como o uso dos óleos essenciais (OE de Lavanda e Gerânio alteram a percepção de ansiedade e comparar sua eficácia. MÉTODOS: Amostra foi composta por graduandos da 1ª série em Enfermagem que foram randomizados em três grupos: dois que receberam OE (em um gel de base polimérica e o outro placebo (que recebeu essência de Rosa. A avaliação da ansiedade foi feita por meio de uma escala já validada, aplicada antes, ao final de 30 e de 60 dias de uso dos géis aromáticos. RESULTADOS: O grupo que utilizou Lavanda teve uma redução de -11,80 na média dos escores, porém não significativa estatisticamente. CONCLUSÃO: Houve maior eficácia do OE de Lavanda na diminuição da ansiedade, porém não foi estatisticamente expressiva.OBJETIVOS: Verificar cómo el uso de los aceites esenciales (OE de Lavanda y Geranio alteran la percepción de ansiedad y comparar su eficacia. MÉTODOS: La muestra estuvo compuesta por estudiantes del pregrado en Enfermería que fueron randomizados en tres grupos: dos que recibieron OE (en un gel de base polimérica y el otro placebo (que recibió esencia de Rosa. La evaluación de la ansiedad fue realizada por medio de una escala ya validada, aplicada antes, al final de 30 y de 60 días de uso de los geles aromáticos. RESULTADOS: El grupo que utilizó Lavanda tuvo una reducción de -11,80 en promedio de los escores, sin embargo no significativo estadísticamente. CONCLUSIÓN: Huvo mayor eficacia del OE de Lavanda en la disminución de la ansiedad, mas no fue estadísticamente expresiva.OBJECTIVES: To determine how the use of essential oils (OE Lavender and Geranium change the perception of anxiety, and to compare their effectiveness in treating anxiety. METHODS: The sample included students from the first year of nursing school who were randomized into three groups: two groups received OE (in a gel polymer-based and the other received a placebo (essence of Rose. A previously validated scale was used to assess anxiety. It was administered before the end of 30 and 60 days of use of aromatic gels. RESULTS: The group using Lavender exhibited a reduction of -11.80 in mean scores on the anxiety scale, but this was not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Although not statistically significant, there was greater efficacy of Lavender EO in reducing anxiety.

  7. 芳香疗法在竞技运动心理学领域的探索性应用研究%Effects of Aromatherapy on the Sports Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洋

    2014-01-01

    芳香疗法已得到医药界和护理界的承认,同时也得到了国外心理学者的认可.通过文献资料法、访谈法、个案分析法将芳香疗法引入竞技运动心理学领域进行尝试性探索,结果发现:芳香疗法对运动员赛前的紧张焦虑、睡眠障碍以及赛后的生理恢复、伤病愈合和心理状态调整均具有积极的效益;将芳香疗法融入竞技运动员训练、比赛过程中的生理恢复和心理调节将可能成为一种新的方法和趋势.因此,建议运动队培养专门的芳香疗法治疗师帮助运动员制定更加科学合理的芳香疗方.

  8. 薰香疗法缓解血液透析患者动静脉内瘘穿刺疼痛%Effect of lavender aromatherapy on pain following needle insertion into a fistula for hemodialysis patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄玉晓

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨薰衣草薰香疗法对血液透析患者内瘘穿刺疼痛的影响.方法 将82例维持性血液透析患者随机分为薰香组(n=42)和对照组(n=40),薰香组内瘘穿刺前嗅吸浓度1%薰衣草精油5 min,对照组予空白嗅吸蒸馏水.结果 薰香组内瘘穿刺时的VAS评分、状态焦虑(S-AI)评分显著低于对照组(均P<0.05).结论 薰衣草薰香疗法能有效缓解维持性血液透析患者内瘘穿刺时疼痛和焦虑情绪.

  9. Influence of angelica essential oil aromatherapy on rats model of dysmenorrhea%当归精油香薰疗法对大鼠痛经模型的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷玲; 徐莹; 叶红; 沈升万; 应立英

    2010-01-01

    [目的]探讨当归精油香薰疗法对大鼠痛经模型的影响.[方法]取Wistar雌性大鼠24只,随机分为香薰组和病理模型组各12只,先制备痛经模型,然后香薰组应用当归精油香薰10 d.在第11天注射缩宫素后观察两组30 min内大鼠扭体次数及血清β-内啡肽(β-EP)、血栓素B2(TXB2)、6酮前列腺素F1a(6-K-PGF1a)水平,并进行脾脏、胸腺病理学观察.[结果]香薰组大鼠30 min内扭体发生次数与模型组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),香薰组血清中β-EP、6-K-PGF1a含量明显高于病理模型组(P<0.01),TXB2含量低于病理模型组(P<0.01),脾脏、胸腺的病理改变两组间无明显区别.[结论]当归精油香薰疗法对大鼠痛经模型有良好的镇痛作用,其作用机制可能与神经内分泌激素的综合性调节作用有关.

  10. Influence of Auricular Acupressure and Aromatherapy on Relieving Fatigue of the Patients Undergoing Colorectal Cancer Surgery%耳穴按压结合芳香疗法对大肠癌手术患者疲乏的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨菊兰; 齐海燕; 王晨霞; 王晓萍

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨耳穴按压结合芳香疗法对大肠癌手术患者疲乏的影响.方法:将大肠癌手术患者135例随机分为A组(耳穴按压结合芳香疗法)、B组(耳穴按压)、C组(芳香疗法)、D组(空白组),采用简易疲乏评估量表(brief fatigue inventory,BFI)对4组患者干预前后的疲乏程度进行测试并比较不同方法的效果.结果:A组干预后的BFI程度与B、C、D组比较差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);B、C组干预后的BFI程度与D组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论:耳穴按压结合芳香疗法能有效减轻大肠癌手术患者的疲乏程度.

  11. Effect of aromatherapy massage during puerperium on postpartum depression%产褥期香薰按摩减轻产后抑郁症状的效果观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丽燕; 陈毓婵; 罗震; 贺辉; 刘伟平; 廖拾零; 余凤仙; 赵红莲; 蔡丽萍

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨香薰按摩减轻产褥期妇女抑郁症状的效果.方法 将爱丁堡产后抑郁量表(EPDS)评分10~19分的初产妇154例随机分成对照组和观察组各77例.对照组实施产后常规护理,观察组在常规护理的基础上实施香熏按摩至产褥期结束.结果观察组产妇产后第7、14、28、42天EPDS评分显著低于对照组,睡眠质量显著好于对照组(均P<0.01).结论 产褥期香薰按摩能改善产后抑郁症状,提高产妇睡眠质量.

  12. 香薰疗法配合穴位按摩在阴道分娩中的应用研究%The Application Study of Aromatherapy Massage Therapy with Acupuncture Points in the Vaginal Delivery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷玉妃; 黄志锋; 黄凤

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨香薰疗法配合穴位按摩在阴道分娩中的应用价值.方法:选取2008年9月-2013年1月本院确诊治疗的阴道分娩产妇166例,按随机数字表法分为常规护理组和香薰按摩组各83例,两组产妇在分娩前和分娩过程中均给予常规待产护理,香薰按摩组产妇在此护理基础上给予香薰疗法配合穴位按摩护理,对产妇产程、分娩过程中疼痛情况、产后出血情况和恢复情况,以及产妇疼痛情况进行评估.结果:香薰按摩组产妇第一、第二产程和总产程时间均短于常规护理组,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);香薰按摩组产妇第一、第二产程VAS评分和产后总出血量低于常规护理组,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);香薰按摩组产后恢复时间均短于常规护理组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:香薰疗法配合穴位按摩护理可有效缓解阴道分娩产妇分娩过程中疼痛症状和缩短产程及产后恢复时间,降低产后出血量,值得临床作进一步推广.

  13. Clinical Study on Depressive Disorder Treated by Combination of Aromatherapy and Moxibustion%芳香疗法配合灸法治疗抑郁症临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘瑶; 乔瑜; 李玲; 张永雷

    2009-01-01

    目的:观察芳香疗法和灸法治疗抑郁症的临床疗效及对患者血浆5-HT含量的影响.方法: 60例按就诊先后随机分为两组.治疗组用芳香疗法和灸法、对照组用西药氟西汀治疗,8周为一疗程;治疗前后分别测定汉密尔顿抑郁量表(HAMD)分值及血浆中5-HT的含量,用高效液相色谱法及电化学分析法检测治疗前后患者血浆5-HT的含量,通过对比治疗前后的HAMD分值及血浆5-HT含量的变化,统计临床数据.结果:芳香疗法和灸法可明显改善抑郁症患者HAMD的评分,其临床疗效与单用西药氟西汀相当.生化指标5-羟色胺含量治疗前、后有显著性差异(P<0.05),组间比较无显著性差异(P<0.05).结论:芳香疗法和灸法可提高抑郁症患者体内5-HT浓度,其临床疗效与西药氟西汀组的疗效相当.

  14. 产程中应用香薰按摩对分娩结局的影响%Influence of appl ication of aromatherapy massage on del ivery outcome during labor process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李炳娣; 黄伟嫦

    2014-01-01

    [目的]探讨产程中应用香薰按摩对分娩结局的影响。[方法]选择230例有自然分娩意愿的初产妇,将其随机分为观察组115例和对照组115例,对照组按照常规观察与护理,观察组产妇除按常规观察护理外在第一产程加用香薰按摩。比较两组产妇疼痛程度、分娩方式、产时用药及产程时间。[结果]观察组产妇疼痛程度明显轻于对照组,第一产程、第二产程缩短于对照组,自然分娩高于对照组,产时应用哌替啶、缩宫素少于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P0.05)。[结论]产妇在常规护理基础上产程中使用香薰按摩能减轻产时疼痛,缩短产程,产时用药少,提高自然分娩率。

  15. Influence of aromatherapy and therapeutic touch on preoperative anxiety of patients undergoing gynecological operation%香薰触摸疗法对妇科病人术前焦虑的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    应立英; 任蔚虹

    2010-01-01

    @@ 妇科手术多涉及女性生殖器官,病人在术前不仅担心疾病本身、麻醉、手术、术后伤口疼痛等问题,而且害怕术后造成体内内分泌失调,引起早衰、自我形象改变、性功能减退等症状,导致妇科病人术前焦虑更明显[1].

  16. 分子蒸馏用于精油精制及在芳香疗法中的应用%The Application of Molecular Distillation in Essential Oil Refinement and Aromatherapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗吉; 黄妙玲; 冀红斌; 谭小波; 朱龙平; 朱宝璋; 杨得坡

    2008-01-01

    分子蒸馏是一种物理分离技术,其技术不同于一般蒸馏技术.它具备蒸馏压强低、受热时间短、分离程度高等特点,能大大降低高沸点物料的分离成本,极好地保护热敏性物质的品质.特别适用于高沸点、热敏性及易氧化物质的分离纯化.芳香疗法是上世纪发展起来的一种替代疗法,它将植物精油用作治疗以及保健用途,因此非常注重原料的天然、稳定和安全性.采用有效成分含量高、低毒性的植物精油和基础油是芳香疗法和现代天然化妆品的根本需要和发展趋势.利用分子蒸馏技术对芳香疗法中所应用的精油和基础油进行后处理,能提高它们的利用价值,降低其内源毒素或减少加工过程对它们的破坏,从而使芳香疗法更加安全和有效,让植物精油以及植物油脂在现代生产、生活中发挥更大的作用.

  17. 结直肠癌术后化疗患者应用音乐联合芳香疗法的疗效分析%Effect of music and aromatherapy on colorectal cancer patients with chemotherapy after surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽; 刘雨燕

    2016-01-01

    目的 评价音乐联合芳香疗法在结直肠癌术后化疗患者中的疗效.方法 将该院2012年1月-2014年12月收治的符合纳入标准的220例直肠癌患者随机分为观察组和对照组,每组110例.观察组患者手术后在常规护理的基础上接受音乐(早晚各1次)和芳香(晚1次)辅助治疗,持续至出院;对照组患者仅接受常规护理.采用视觉模拟评分(VAS)记录患者手术后的1、4及7d及出院前疼痛情况,焦虑自评量表(SAS)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)和匹兹堡睡眠质量指数(PSQI)评估患者化疗前后情绪及睡眠状况;同时记录各组化疗期间出现恶心呕吐患者例数.结果 与对照组相比,观察组患者疼痛、焦虑及抑郁水平明显降低(P<0.05);睡眠质量得到明显改善(P<0.05);同时,恶心呕吐发生率显著降低(P<0.05).结论 音乐联合芳香疗法在结直肠癌术后化疗患者护理中效果显著,值得推广.

  18. 产后精油穴位按摩对产褥期产妇心理状态的影响%Effects of Aromatherapy Plus Postnatal Massage on Psychological States of Women in Puerperium

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦灵慧; 缪群华

    2015-01-01

    [目的]探讨产后精油穴位按摩对产褥期产妇心理状态的影响.[方法]收集分娩的产妇180例,根据患者意愿机分为两组:对照组90例,采取常规产后处理;观察组90例,在对照组基础上给予产后精油穴位按摩治疗,采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)评估两组产妇产前2d及产后7d的心理状态,并把所得数据与全国常模比较.[结果]两组产前心理状况评分比较无显著性差异(P>0.05);但两组产妇产前、产后SCL-90评分中抑郁、焦虑等因子得分显著高于全国成人常模,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);然而观察组产后抑郁倾向比率较对照组明显减少,焦虑得分明显降低,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).[结论]分娩对产妇的心理状态会产生明显影响,产后精油穴位按摩能明显改善产妇的产褥期心理状态.

  19. Nursing exploration of aromatherapy in patients with cardiovascular diseases%香疗法治疗心血管疾病患者便秘的护理干预

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖明云; 黄开群

    2010-01-01

    目的:探讨香疗法对心血管疾病患者解除便秘的护理方法与效果.方法:本研究是用香疗法(含桂皮油、生姜油、桔子油按2∶1∶1)替代传统药物疗法,香疗法为实验组对存在有便秘心血管疾病患者60例进行护理干预,传统药物疗法为对照组对存在有便秘心血管疾病患者60例进行药物通便,两者进行对比探讨.结果:传统药物疗法排便率50%,但存在着一定的不良反应,病人的舒适感和满足感较差.香疗法排便率55%,与传统药物疗法无明显差异,但观察不良反应发生率明显低于对照组,病人的舒适感和满足感得到满足而降低心脏危险因素.结论:香疗法对心血管疾病便秘的患者是一种理想的护理干预方法.

  20. The effectiveness of lavender essence on strernotomy related pain intensity after coronary artery bypass grafting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Ali Heidari Gorji

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: The result indicated that aromatherapy can be used as a complementary method in postoperative pain reduction, as it reduced pain. The patients require two sedative drugs, and moreover, it avoids expenses of treatment.

  1. Myristica oil poisoning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nutmeg oil; Myristicin ... Myristica oil ( Myristica fragrans ) can be harmful. It comes from the seed of a nutmeg. ... Myristica oil is found in: Aromatherapy products Mace Nutmeg Other products may also contain myristica oil.

  2. Famous Space Men’s Salon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Services: Professional deep treatment of men’s faces Treating men’s "beer bellies" Spa hydrotherapy Brand-new French Darphin top-class aromatherapy Spa herbal massage Treatment for men’s reproductive health

  3. Famous Space Men's Salon Beijing's professional salon chain for men

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Services: Professional deep treatment of men's laces Treating men's "heer bellies" Spa hydrotherapy Brand-new French Darphin top-class aromatherapy Spa herbal massage Treatment for men's reproductive health

  4. Famous Space Men's Salon Beijing's professional salon chain for men

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Services: Professional deep treatment of men's faces Treating men's "beer bellies" Spa hydrotherapy Brand new French Darphin top-class aromatherapy Spa herbal massage Treatment for men's reproductive health

  5. Fibromyalgia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Do relaxing activities, such as listening to soft music or taking a warm bath, that get you ... cold Acupuncture Yoga Relaxation exercises Breathing techniques Aromatherapy Cognitive therapy Biofeedback Herbs Nutritional supplements Osteopathic or chiropractic ...

  6. Essential Oils for Complementary Treatment of Surgical Patients: State of the Art

    OpenAIRE

    Susanna Stea; Alina Beraudi; Dalila De Pasquale

    2014-01-01

    Aromatherapy is the controlled use of plant essences for therapeutic purposes. Its applications are numerous (i.e., wellbeing, labour, infections, dementia, and anxiety treatment) but often they have not been scientifically validated. The aim of the present study is to review the available literature to determine if there is evidence for effectiveness of aromatherapy in surgical patients to treat anxiety and insomnia, to control pain and nausea, and to dress wound. Efficacy studies of lavende...

  7. LAVENDER AROMATERAPHY AS A RELAXANT

    OpenAIRE

    IGA Prima Dewi AP

    2013-01-01

    Aromatherapy is a kind of treatment that used aroma with aromatherapy essential oil. Extraction process from essential oil generally doing in three methods, there are distilling with water (boiled), distilling with water and steam, and distilling with steam. One of the most favorite aroma is lavender. The main content from lavender is linalyl acetate and linalool (C10H18O). Linalool is main active contents in lavender which can use for anti-anxiety (relaxation). Based on some research, the co...

  8. 緩和ケア病棟患者へのバラ芳香剤によるアロマセラピー効果の検討

    OpenAIRE

    今岡, 恵美; 中谷, 俊彦; 橋本, 龍也; 須藤, 一郎; 鎮波, 久恵; 伊藤, 靖子; 中村, 守彦; 齊藤, 洋司

    2016-01-01

     We report the evaluation of aromatherapy using special fragrance made from rose for the patients in palliative care unit of Shimane University Hospital. The rose fragrance is made from special rose cultivated in Shimane prefecture, which is distilled water fragrance easy use for an aroma instrument. We evaluated the effect of the aromatherapy using rose fragrance to reduce physical and psychological pain of the patients. Ten adult patients (five male and five female) were interviewed by shor...

  9. Pengaruh Aromaterapi Terhadap Penurunan Kelelahan Kerja di Rumah

    OpenAIRE

    Octhaviany, Riana

    2015-01-01

    One that can affect the success of an organization or company is worker conditions. The conditions that often perceived is fatigue. Fatigue is a condition of physical weakness, motivation, and activity if worker expend energy after doing an activity that caused the work initiative. One way that can be used to decrease fatigue is to provide aromatherapy by inhalation after work. The purpose of this research was to observe the effect of aromatherapy to decrease fatigue. The method of this resea...

  10. [Nursing care and essential oils in geriatrics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lobstein, Annelise; Marinier, Françoise

    2014-01-01

    Aromatherapy is a valuable complementary therapeutic tool which is increasingly being used in hospitals. Essential oils help to improve patients' quality of life. They can be used for well-being purposes as well in specific nursing procedures. Some services offer aromatherapy through diffusion, inhalation, massages or aromatic baths. The benefits for healthcare teams as well as for patients are undeniable. There is also a significant reduction in the consumption of certain drugs. PMID:25137964

  11. 耳穴按压配合芳香疗法对大肠癌围术期患者睡眠质量的影响%The Influence of Auricular Acupressure combined with Aromatherapy on Quality of Sleep of the Patients with Colorectal Cancer during Perioperative Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    目的:评价耳穴按压配合芳香疗法对大肠癌围术期患者睡眠质量的作用效果.方法:将135例大肠癌手术患者随机分为A组(耳穴按压配合芳香疗法)、B组(耳穴按压)、C组(芳香疗法)、D组(空白组),采用匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表(PSQI)对4组患者干预前后的睡眠质量水平进行测试并比较不同方法的效果.结果:PSQI总分干预后A、B、C组与D组比较,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);A组与B、C组比较,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);C组与B组比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论:耳穴按压配合芳香疗法能有效提高大肠癌围术期患者的睡眠质量,且效果优于耳穴按压和芳香疗法.

  12. 芳香疗法联合刮痧在血压正常高值痰湿质人群中的应用研究%Clinical study on phlegm dampness in prehypertensive people treated with combination therapy of aromatherapy and guasha

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈桂琴; 刘巧凤; 张阿宏; 杨雨芹

    2013-01-01

    目的:评价芳香疗法联合刮痧对血压正常高值痰湿质人群进行护理干预的有效性和可行性.方法:按照随机分组法将100例体检人群中血压正常高值(120~139/80~89mmHg)且体质辨识为痰湿质者分为对照组和观察组各50例,两组人群均在鼓励戒烟、限酒、低盐低脂饮食和适当运动等生活方式的基础上进行健康教育指导,观察组则在接受健康教育指导的基础上辅以薰衣草精油对受试者定期进行刮痧,同时每日睡卧芳香类药枕,通过对两组人群干预后收缩压、舒张压、甘油三脂、胆固醇、左房内径及左室后壁厚度相关参数指标的观察,分析此课题对血压正常高值中痰湿质人群高血压病发病率的影响.结果:与对照组比较,观察组干预后收缩压、舒张压、甘油三脂、胆固醇有所降低,经比较有统计学意义(P<0.05).两组患者干预后左房内径及左室后壁厚度未见明显变化(P>0.05).结论:芳香疗法联合刮痧对血压正常高值痰湿质人群能够在一定程度上减缓高血压病的发病演变进程,控制高血压病的发生率.

  13. A pilot study assessing the effect of aromatherapy on burnout and the mood of nurses working in hospice ward%芳香治疗改善台湾地区安宁科护士工作倦怠及情绪的初步研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张愷芃; 杨灿; 王高华; 王惠玲

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨芳香治疗对安宁科护士情绪及工作倦怠的影响,为芳香治疗的研究提供有关刎数据资料.方法 对研究组进行2个月的芳香治疗,使用焦虑自评量表(SAS)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)、工作倦怠量表和症状自评量表(SCL-90)进行评估.结果 研究组焦虑和抑郁情绪评分在治疗前后有显著差异,SCL-90显示研究对象在8周芳香治疗后焦虑因子和抑郁因子分有显著减低.工作倦怠量表情绪衰竭、情感疏远显著高于常模,个人成就显著低于常模.治疗后情绪衰竭、情感疏显著减低.结论 芳香治疗可以改善安宁科护士焦虑和抑郁情绪,并改善安宁科护士的工作倦怠.

  14. Research Advancement of Functional Ingredients in Aromatherapy(Ⅱ): the Application of Chinese Herbal Medicinal Ingredients%芳香疗法中功能性(复方)油的研究进展(Ⅱ):中药成分的应用介绍

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅家齐

    2009-01-01

    中医药学是中国传统文化的重要组成部分,几千年来,它为中华民族的繁衍昌盛作出了重要贡献.中医中所倡导的传统养牛保健、疾病诊疗方法.与我国古代药学々家对香草植物的认知和运用是一脉相承的,也积累了丰富的经验.中药讲究君、臣、佐、使的配伍方法,而芳香疗法中功能性复方成分也是根据其相同功效或不同功效品种之间相互作用的配伍原则而发挥功效,这就是中药与芳香原料所具有的相同之处,药香同源.两者均住各自理论的指导下发挥对人体的治疗作用.

  15. Relief of anxiety in patients wtih choledocholithiasis receiving ERCP and EST: footbath with Chinese herbs, acupoint message and aromatherapy%中药沐足联合穴位按摩及芳香疗法缓解胆管结石介入诊疗患者焦虑

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林瑞华; 谢春生; 潘慧仁; 汤远兴

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨中西医综合干预对内镜下ERCP及EST术患者焦虑的影响.方法 将86例胆管结石行内镜下ERCP及EST术患者按随机数字表法分为观察组和对照组各43例,术前术中对照组给予常规护理,观察组在此基础上增加中药沐足联合穴位按摩疗及芳香疗法.结果 术后观察组焦虑评分显著低于对照组,术中血压、心率波动显著低于对照组(均P<0.01).结论 中药沐足联合穴位按摩疗及芳香疗法的应用,可降低患者术中焦虑程度,有利于治疗顺利完成.

  16. 芳香疗法中功能性(复方)油的研究进展(I):功能性成分应用介绍%Research AdVancement 0f FunctiOllal Compound oils in Aromatherapy(I):the AppIication 0f FunctionaI Components

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅家齐

    2009-01-01

    随着社会的进步、人民生活水平的提高、科学技术,特别是生物技术的快速发展,令人们对芳香疗法有了更高的期待,不再满足于对身心、身体等一般调理及被动保护作用.而是期盼着更有疗效的功能性产品问世.芳香疗法产品中的功能性复方油是通过纯化和富集,再经南有经验的芳疗师针对性调配及施用,进入皮肤的表皮、真皮,影响皮肤的新陈代谢,并在该部位发挥作用.部分成分会透过皮肤进入体内循环,达到预期的功效作用.

  17. Effect of Aromatherapy Combined with Postnatal Massage on the Improvement of Psychological States for Women in Puerperium%芳香疗法联合产后康复按摩对产褥期心理状态的改善作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅珊珊; 张广兰; 秦爽; 蒋凤菊; 叶素琦

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨芳香疗法联合产后康复按摩对产褥期产妇心理状态的改善作用.方法:将2010年8月至2012年8月在广州市妇女儿童医疗中心分娩的产妇204例随机分为对照组及实验组,其中对照组99例,采取常规产后处理,实验组105例,给予产后康复精油按摩治疗.应用焦虑自评量表(SAS)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)及症状自评量表(SCL-90)对两组产妇在产前两天及产后一周的心理状态进行测评,将所得数据与全国常模相比,并进行组间比较.结果:实验组与对照组产前心理状况无显著性差异(P>0.05);两组产妇产前SCL-90测试结果在抑郁、焦虑等因子得分显著高于全国成人常模,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),产后实验组与对照组相比,抑郁倾向明显减少,焦虑得分明显降低,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:分娩对产妇的心理状态会产生明显影响,芳香疗法联合产后康复按摩能明显改善产妇的产褥期心理状态.

  18. LAVENDER AROMATERAPHY AS A RELAXANT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IGA Prima Dewi AP

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Aromatherapy is a kind of treatment that used aroma with aromatherapy essential oil. Extraction process from essential oil generally doing in three methods, there are distilling with water (boiled, distilling with water and steam, and distilling with steam. One of the most favorite aroma is lavender. The main content from lavender is linalyl acetate and linalool (C10H18O. Linalool is main active contents in lavender which can use for anti-anxiety (relaxation. Based on some research, the conclusion indicates that essential oil from lavender can give relaxation (carminative, sedative, reduce anxiety level and increasing mood.

  19. A systematic meta-review of manipulative and body-based CAM for cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lunde, Anita; Johannessen, Helle

    were assessed according to the SIGN hierarchy of evidence. Results: Five reviews were identified: two at evidence level A, one at level B and two at level D. The reviews covered massage, and massage combined with aromatherapy. All reviews conclude on positive effects of massage for cancer related...... stress and anxiety, although level-A reviews conclude cautiously. Tentative conclusions on antidepressant and pain reductive effects are offered. There is no evidence that aromatherapy enhances the effects of massage. One review recommends massage as a safe complement to conventional treatment, while...

  20. A comparison of still point induction to massage therapy in reducing pain and increasing comfort in chronic pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townsend, Carolyn S; Bonham, Elizabeth; Chase, Linda; Dunscomb, Jennifer; McAlister, Susan

    2014-01-01

    A quantitative study was completed to determine whether complementary techniques provide pain relief and comfort in patients with chronic pain. Subjects participated in sessions including aromatherapy and music therapy. Massage or cranial still point induction was randomly assigned. Statistically significant improvement in pain and comfort was noted in both groups. PMID:24503744

  1. The Advantages of Traditional Chumash Healing

    OpenAIRE

    Cecilia Garcia; Adams, James D.

    2005-01-01

    Chumash healing has been practiced in California for ∼13 000 years. Chumash healers treat their patients with prayer, laughter, dreaming, phytotherapy, aromatherapy, healing ceremonies and other techniques. Healing involves first healing the spirit, then healing the body. Chumash people still maintain their unique identity. Chumash Healers still practice the ancient healing arts in California. This lecture is a brief introduction to Chumash Healing.

  2. Facial Specialty. Teacher Edition. Cosmetology Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater. Curriculum and Instructional Materials Center.

    This publication is one of a series of curriculum guides designed to direct and support instruction in vocational cosmetology programs in the State of Oklahoma. It contains seven units for the facial specialty: identifying enemies of the skin, using aromatherapy on the skin, giving facials without the aid of machines, giving facials with the aid…

  3. Application of aromatic therapy in clinical nursing work%芳香疗法在临床护理工作中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡春艳; 董旭婷; 赵梅

    2013-01-01

    It analyzed the application of aromatic therapy in clinical nursing work,and mainly expounded the influ influence of aromatherapy on treatment in aspects of mood,pain,high blood pressure,anti-bacterial anti-inflammatory,cancer and women' s health,and introduced mechanism,the main treatment methods and related considerations of aromatherapy.%重点分析了芳香疗法在临床护理工作中的应用,主要从芳香疗法对情绪、疼痛、高血压、抗菌消炎、癌症以及妇女保健等方面的治疗进行了阐述,并介绍了芳香疗法的作用机制、主要治疗方法和相关的注意事项.

  4. Changes in the Composition of Aromatherapeutic Citrus Oils during Evaporation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George W. Francis

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The composition of some commercial Citrus oils, lemon, sweet orange, and tangerine, designated for aromatherapy, was examined before and after partial evaporation in a stream of nitrogen. The intact oils contained the expected mixtures of mono- and sesquiterpenes, with hydrocarbons dominating and lesser amounts of oxygenated analogues making up the remainder. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to follow alterations in the relative amounts of the various components present as evaporation proceeded. Changes were marked, and in particular more volatile components present in the intact oils rapidly disappeared. Thus the balance of content was shifted away from monoterpene hydrocarbons towards the analogous alcohols and carbonyl compounds. The results of this differential evaporation are discussed and possible consequences for aromatherapy use are noted. The case of lemon oil was especially interesting as the relative amount of citral, a known sensitizer, remaining as time elapsed represented an increasing percentage of the total oil.

  5. Fancy Citrus, Feel Good: Positive Judgment of Citrus Odor, but Not the Odor Itself, Is Associated with Elevated Mood during Experienced Helplessness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoenen, Matthias; Müller, Katharina; Pause, Bettina M; Lübke, Katrin T

    2016-01-01

    Aromatherapy claims that citrus essential oils exert mood lifting effects. Controlled studies, however, have yielded inconsistent results. Notably, studies so far did not control for odor pleasantness, although pleasantness is a critical determinant of emotional responses to odors. This study investigates mood lifting effects of d-(+)-limonene, the most prominent substance in citrus essential oils, with respect to odor quality judgments. Negative mood was induced within 78 participants using a helplessness paradigm (unsolvable social discrimination task). During this task, participants were continuously (mean duration: 19.5 min) exposed to d-(+)-limonene (n = 25), vanillin (n = 26), or diethyl phthalate (n = 27). Participants described their mood (Self-Assessment-Manikin, basic emotion ratings) and judged the odors' quality (intensity, pleasantness, unpleasantness, familiarity) prior to and following the helplessness induction. The participants were in a less positive mood after the helplessness induction (p aromatherapy research. PMID:26869973

  6. Changes in the Composition of Aromatherapeutic Citrus Oils during Evaporation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francis, George W; Bui, Yen Thuy Hoang

    2015-01-01

    The composition of some commercial Citrus oils, lemon, sweet orange, and tangerine, designated for aromatherapy, was examined before and after partial evaporation in a stream of nitrogen. The intact oils contained the expected mixtures of mono- and sesquiterpenes, with hydrocarbons dominating and lesser amounts of oxygenated analogues making up the remainder. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to follow alterations in the relative amounts of the various components present as evaporation proceeded. Changes were marked, and in particular more volatile components present in the intact oils rapidly disappeared. Thus the balance of content was shifted away from monoterpene hydrocarbons towards the analogous alcohols and carbonyl compounds. The results of this differential evaporation are discussed and possible consequences for aromatherapy use are noted. The case of lemon oil was especially interesting as the relative amount of citral, a known sensitizer, remaining as time elapsed represented an increasing percentage of the total oil. PMID:26161120

  7. A comparison of the effects of four therapy procedures on concentration and responsiveness in people with profound learning disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsay, W R; Pitcaithly, D; Geelen, N; Buntin, L; Broxholme, S; Ashby, M

    1997-06-01

    This paper is an investigation into the efficacy of four therapeutic treatment procedures increasingly used with people with profound learning disabilities: snoezelen, hand massage/aromatherapy, relaxation, and active therapy (a bouncy castle). In particular, the effects of these procedures on concentration and responsiveness were examined. Eight subjects with profound learning disabilities took part in the study and each subject received each of the treatments. To assess the effects of the treatments, simple concentration tasks were administered and the subjects' responsiveness to each treatment was rated by independent observers. The results suggest that both snoezelen and relaxation had a positive effect on concentration and seemed to be the most enjoyable therapies for clients, whereas hand massage/aromatherapy and active therapy had no or even negative effects on concentration and appeared less enjoyable. PMID:9219068

  8. Cinnamomum cassia Essential Oil Inhibits α-MSH-Induced Melanin Production and Oxidative Stress in Murine B16 Melanoma Cells

    OpenAIRE

    Ying Shih; Shih-Lan Hsu; Yu-Che Lin; Chen-Tien Chang; Su-Tze Chou; Wen-Lun Chang

    2013-01-01

    Essential oils extracted from aromatic plants exhibit important biological activities and have become increasingly important for the development of aromatherapy for complementary and alternative medicine. The essential oil extracted from Cinnamomum cassia Presl (CC-EO) has various functional properties; however, little information is available regarding its anti-tyrosinase and anti-melanogenic activities. In this study, 16 compounds in the CC-EO have been identified; the major components of t...

  9. The Effect of Lavender Aaromatherapy on the Pain Intensity Perception and Intarapartum Outcomes in Primipare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N Alavi

    2010-04-01

    14.Golian tehrani SH, Vasegh rahim Pour F, Mehran A. The Effect of Relaxation by Meditation on the Severity of Pain on the Length of Active Phase in Nulliparous Women. Hayat J 1385 3(12: 51-61. 15.Kim JT, Wajda M, Cuff G, Serota D, Schlame M, Axelrod DM, et al. Evaluation of aromatherapy in treating postoperative pain: pilot study. Pain Practice 2006 6: 273-7.

  10. The effect of cold application and lavender oil inhalation in cardiac surgery patients undergoing chest tube removal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasanzadeh, Farzaneh; Kashouk, Narges Mohammadi; Amini, Shahram; Asili, Javad; Emami, Seyed Ahmad; Vashani, Hamidreza Behnam; Sahebkar, Amirhossein

    2016-01-01

    Post-surgical chest tube removal (CTR) is associated with a significant pain and discomfort for patients. Current treatment strategies for reducing CTR-associated pain and anxiety are limited and partially efficacious. To determine the effects of cold application, inhalation of lavender essential oil, and their combination on pain and anxiety during CTR was investigated. This randomized controlled open-label trial was conducted with 80 patients in the cardiac surgery intensive care unit who had a chest tube for duration of at least 24 hours after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Patients were randomized (n=20 in each group) to receive cold application, aromatherapy with lavender oil, cold application in combination with lavender oil inhalation, or none of the above interventions (control group). The intensity and quality of pain and anxiety were evaluated using the visual analogue scale, short form and modified-McGill pain questionnaire (SFM-MPQ) and the Spielberger situational anxiety level inventory (STAII) scale, respectively. Patients in all treatment groups had significantly lower pain intensity and anxiety compared with the control group immediately, 5, 10 and 15 min after CTR. There was no statistically significant difference in the SFM-MPQ total scores between the intervention groups. With respect to anxiety score, there was a significantly reduced anxiety level immediately after CTR in the aromatherapy and cold-aromatherapy combination groups versus the cold application group. The present results suggested the efficacy of cold application and aromatherapy with lavender oil in reducing pain and anxiety associated with post-CABG CTR. PMID:27047319

  11. Caractérisation et variabilité des plantes à parfum aromatiques et médicinales de Corse et de l'Ouest algérien

    OpenAIRE

    Djabou, N.

    2012-01-01

    Corsican and western Algerian flora is rich and well known. The Mediterranean basin is one of the Hotspot where biodiversity is concentrated. Like other regional red areas, these two regions are characterized by high richness endemism but also by strong anthropogenic threats growing rapidly. Essential oils are high value added products used in fields as diverse as perfumes, cosmetics, food processing or aromatherapy and pharmaceuticals. It is present generally in the form of complex mixture o...

  12. Scientific basis for the therapeutic use of Cymbopogon citratus, stapf (Lemon grass)

    OpenAIRE

    Gagan Shah; Richa Shri; Vivek Panchal; Narender Sharma; Bharpur Singh; A S Mann

    2011-01-01

    Cymbopogon citratus, Stapf (Lemon grass) is a widely used herb in tropical countries, especially in Southeast Asia. The essential oil of the plant is used in aromatherapy. The compounds identified in Cymbopogon citratus are mainly terpenes, alcohols, ketones, aldehyde and esters. Some of the reported phytoconstituents are essential oils that contain Citral a, Citral b, Nerol Geraniol, Citronellal, Terpinolene, Geranyl acetate, Myrecene and Terpinol Methylheptenone. The plant also contains rep...

  13. Contribution de la RMN 13C à l'analyse des huiles végétales, huiles essentielles et résines (Olea europaea, Pinus halepensis et Cedrus atlantica)

    OpenAIRE

    Nam, A.-M.

    2014-01-01

    Natural products isolated from plants acquired, in recent years, a growing success in many industries (aromatherapy, cosmetic, perfumes). The objective of our study was to contribute, on the one hand, to the development of methods involving 13C and 1H NMR for the identification and quantification of the components of natural mixtures, and on the other hand, to the chemical characterization of two conifers brought to Corsica, Aleppo pine (essential oil) and atlas cedar (essential oil, pyrolysi...

  14. Aromatic Quality of Tunisian Sour Orange Essential Oils: Comparison Between Traditional and Industrial Extraction

    OpenAIRE

    INES, Ellouze; Hajer, Debbabi; Rachid, Chemli

    2014-01-01

    Neroli essential oil extracted from sour orange flowers through hydrodistillation is extensively used in fragance, flavour and pharmaceutical industries and in aromatherapy. During hydrodistillation, a part of the essential oil is dissolved in condensate or distillation water and is lost as this water is discarded. The aim of this work was to characterize the chemical profile of recovered oils from distillation water obtained by either traditional or industrial processes. Essential oils from ...

  15. Complementary medicine use in children: extent and reasons. A population-based study.

    OpenAIRE

    Simpson, N.; Roman, K.

    2001-01-01

    This study used a cross-sectional population survey to determine the prevalence of complementary medicine use in children. Some form of complementary medicine had been used by 17.9% of children at least once, and 6.9% had visited a complementary medicine practitioner. Homoeopathy, aromatherapy, and herbal medicine were most frequently used, most commonly for ear; nose, and throat; dermatology; musculoskeletal; infant; respiratory; and emotional/behavioural health problems. Complementary medic...

  16. A Comprehensive Review on the Phytochemical Constituents and Pharmacological Activities of Pogostemon cablin Benth.: An Aromatic Medicinal Plant of Industrial Importance

    OpenAIRE

    Mallappa Kumara Swamy; Uma Rani Sinniah

    2015-01-01

    Pogostemon cablin Benth. (patchouli) is an important herb which possesses many therapeutic properties and is widely used in the fragrance industries. In traditional medicinal practices, it is used to treat colds, headaches, fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, insect and snake bites. In aromatherapy, patchouli oil is used to relieve depression, stress, calm nerves, control appetite and to improve sexual interest. Till now more than 140 compounds, including terpenoids, phytostero...

  17. Lavender Oil-Potent Anxiolytic Properties via Modulating Voltage Dependent Calcium Channels

    OpenAIRE

    Schuwald, Anita M.; Nölder, Michael; Wilmes, Thomas; Klugbauer, Norbert; Leuner, Kristina; Müller, Walter E.

    2013-01-01

    Recent clinical data support the clinical use of oral lavender oil in patients suffering from subsyndromal anxiety. We identified the molecular mechanism of action that will alter the perception of lavender oil as a nonspecific ingredient of aromatherapy to a potent anxiolytic inhibiting voltage dependent calcium channels (VOCCs) as highly selective drug target. In contrast to previous publications where exorbitant high concentrations were used, the effects of lavender oil in behavioral, bioc...

  18. Equine attraction to essential oil odours

    OpenAIRE

    Hurley, Juliet; Goodwin, Deborah

    2008-01-01

    There are a wide range of products containing essential oils. Aromatherapy for horses is becoming popular with owners however there are few published studies on equine response to essential oil odours. The study aimed to identify which essential oils were attractive to horses. The study comprised 10 horses, (5) geldings, (5) mares of mixed breed. Nine organic essential oils plus a control (no oil) were presented in a repeated measures experimental design. Oils were applied to cotton woo...

  19. EVALUATION OF USE AND EFFECT OF NATUROLOGY THERAPEUTIC TECHNIQUES FOR THE TREATMENT OF PAIN

    OpenAIRE

    de Oliveira, Marina Augusta; Dias, Wagner Jose; Freitas, Bruna Rei

    2015-01-01

    This paper aimed to survey academic articles that evaluate techniques used by Naturology for pain treatment, and discuss data that would demonstrate or not the efficiency of these techniques. From research in the MEDLINE, SCIELO, LILACS, BIREME & DEDALUS databases, this study analyzed a total of 249 articles related to the following techniques: acupuncture, aromatherapy, auriculotherapy, phytotherapy, massage, complementary and alternative medicine, meditation, qigong, reiki, shiatsu, tai chi...

  20. The Advantages of Traditional Chumash Healing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James D. Adams

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Chumash healing has been practiced in California for ∼13 000 years. Chumash healers treat their patients with prayer, laughter, dreaming, phytotherapy, aromatherapy, healing ceremonies and other techniques. Healing involves first healing the spirit, then healing the body. Chumash people still maintain their unique identity. Chumash Healers still practice the ancient healing arts in California. This lecture is a brief introduction to Chumash Healing.

  1. アロマテラピーを活用した認知症高齢者の日常生活動作能力,認知機能,および行動・心理症状に及ぼす影響に関する実証的研究

    OpenAIRE

    知念, 紫維菜; 金武, 直美; 普久原, 梓; 神谷, ひかる; 宮森, 孝子; 豊里, 竹彦; 與古田, 孝夫; Chinen, Shiina; Kanetake, Naomi; Fukuhara, Azusa; Kamiya, Hikaru; Miyamori, Takako; Toyosato, Takehiko; Yokota, Takao; 琉球大学医学部保健学科精神看護学教室

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the effects of aromatherapy on activities of daily living, cognitive function and behavioral and psychological symptoms among elderly people with dementia. From geriatric hospital wards that treat dementia patients, 27 patients with behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) were enrolled in this randomized controlled crossover trial. Subjects were assigned to either an intervention or control group. The intervention group received 14 days ...

  2. Lavender Fragrance Essential Oil and the Quality of Sleep in Postpartum Women

    OpenAIRE

    Keshavarz Afshar, Mahnaz; Behboodi Moghadam, Zahra; Taghizadeh, Ziba; Bekhradi, Reza; Montazeri, Ali; Mokhtari, Pouran

    2015-01-01

    Background: Labor and delivery is a stressful stage for mothers. During these periods, sleep-related disorders have been reported. The problems of inadequate sleep include decrease in concentration, judgment, difficulty in performing daily activities, and an increase in irritability. Even the effects of moderate sleep loss on life and health quality can be similar to sleep deprivation. some research aggravated by aromatherapy on sleep quality in different periods of life so might be useful fo...

  3. Catalase, glutathione peroxidase, metabolic syndrome, superoxide dismutase

    OpenAIRE

    Tarsikah; Herman Susanto; Herri S. Sastramihardja

    2012-01-01

    Labor pain is part of a normal process, which often causes physiological and psychological stress to mother. These stress have impact to both mother and fetus. Largely (90%) labor comes with pain and in some cases severe pain. Non-pharmacological approach is one of alternatives to reduce labor pain. This research aims to analyse the analgesic effect of lavender aromatherapy inhalation on labor pain in primigravida in the active phase. The study was pra-experimental by observing one group befo...

  4. Effect of lavender scent inhalation on prevention of stress, anxiety and depression in the postpartum period

    OpenAIRE

    Kianpour, Maryam; Mansouri, Akram; Mehrabi, Tayebeh; Asghari, Gholamreza

    2016-01-01

    Background: Stress, anxiety, and postpartum depression are the most common problems among women in their childbearing age. Research has shown that aromatherapy administered during labor reduces anxiety in mothers. With regard to the specific biological conditions in postpartum period and the subsequent drop in hormone levels, this study investigated the effect of lavender on prevention of stress, anxiety, and postpartum depression in women. Materials and Methods: In a clinical trial, 140 wome...

  5. Srovnání vlivu klasických masážních a aromaterapeutických technik na psychickou regeneraci žen

    OpenAIRE

    KAŇKOVSKÁ, Martina

    2013-01-01

    The dissertation dwells on problems of aromatherapeutic methods connected to psychological side of human, focuses on the comparison of classic and aromatherapeutic massage techniques and their influence on psychological regeneration, when women were chosen as the aim group. We can find in it a comprehensive knowledge of classic massage on the one hand, but as well as aromatherapy - it's history, definition and impacts. The indispensable part of that work is the characterization of terms relat...

  6. Biotransformation of myrcene by Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    OpenAIRE

    Hashemi Elham; Esmaeili Akbar

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Dihydrolinalool and terpineol are sources of fragrances that provide a unique volatile terpenoid alcohol of low toxicity and thus are widely used in the perfumery industry, in folk medicine, and in aromatherapy. They are important chemical constituents of the essential oil of many plants. Previous studies have concerned the biotransformation of limonene by Pseudomonas putida. The objective of this research was to study biotransformation of myrcene by Pseudomonas aeruginosa...

  7. Short Communication: Antimycotic activity and phytochemical screening of fungal endophytes associated with Santalum album

    OpenAIRE

    ASHWANI TAPWAL; SWETA PRADHAN; SURESH CHANDRA; RASHMI

    2016-01-01

    Abstract. Tapwal A, Pradhan S, Chandra S, Rashmi. 2016. Antimycotic activity and phytochemical screening of fungal endophytes associated with Santalum album. Nusantara Bioscience 8: 14-17. The heartwood of Santalum album constitutes the central part of the tree is valued for its fragrance. The wood and oil are utilized in medicine. Sandalwood oil is extensively used in perfumery, cosmetics, aromatherapy and pharmaceutical industry. The endophytic microorganisms inhabiting the plant tissues ar...

  8. [Contact allergy to essential oils].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selvåg, E; Holm, J O; Thune, P

    1995-11-10

    Ethereal oils are widely used, in food, toothpaste, as flavouring agents in perfumes and cosmetics, and in dermatological treatment, as antiseptics, adstringenta, antipruritic tinctures, lotions and pomades. The use of ethereal oils seems to have increased in recent years, probably due to a growing interest in alternative medicine, and especially aromatherapy. By describing the cases of three patients with allergic contact dermatitis, we wish to point out possible unwanted side effects of using ethereal oils. PMID:7491578

  9. Catalase, glutathione peroxidase, metabolic syndrome, superoxide dismutase

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarsikah

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Labor pain is part of a normal process, which often causes physiological and psychological stress to mother. These stress have impact to both mother and fetus. Largely (90% labor comes with pain and in some cases severe pain. Non-pharmacological approach is one of alternatives to reduce labor pain. This research aims to analyse the analgesic effect of lavender aromatherapy inhalation on labor pain in primigravida in the active phase. The study was pra-experimental by observing one group before and after treatment. The group involved 30 parturients in RB Kasih Ibu Jatirogo district of Tuban, East Java. The sampling method was based on consecutive admission. The variables were measured by using numerical rating scales (NRS. Univariable quantitative analysis was applied to describe the pain before and after treatment. Wilcoxon signed ranks test bivariable quantitative analysis was used to investigate pain relief with significance level of p<0.05. The univariable analysis result revealed that mean pain score before treatment was 7.3 (SD 1.1 and after treatment 5.9 (SD 1.4. Wilcoxon signed ranks test result showed significant pain relief after lavender aromatherapy inhalation (Z=-4.338, p=0.000. The research shows that there is a reduction of labor pain after lavender aromatherapy inhalation.

  10. 水果芳香疗法对缓解妇癌患者常用化疗药物后恶心呕吐反应的观察%Clinical Analysis of Nausea and Vomiting in Gynecologic Cancer Patients Commonly Used Chemotherapeutic Drugs after the Fruit Aroma Therapy to Alleviate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张吴花; 史迎春

    2014-01-01

    目的:通过对妇科恶性肿瘤患者化疗时采用水果芳香疗法,探讨水果芳香疗法对改善化疗过程中恶心呕吐反应的应用价值。方法随机选择45例已经过1~3疗程化疗的妇科肿瘤患者,在临床常用化疗药物治疗的基础上配合水果芳香的使用,观察患者恶心呕吐反应的改善情况。结果水果芳香疗法可以有效改善妇科肿瘤患者化疗过程中的恶心呕吐反应。结论水果芳香疗法经济实惠,可以有效改善化疗过程中的恶心呕吐反应,减轻患者痛苦。%Objective To investigate value of the use of fruits aromatherapy when patients with gynecologic malignancies in chemotherapy to improve nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy response. Methods We randomly selected 45 cases with gynecological cancer who have received 1 to 3 cycles of chemotherapy to observe improvement of nausea and vomiting based on clinical commonly used chemotherapy drugs with fruit aroma of use. Results Fruit aromatherapy can ef ectively improve nausea and vomiting to gynecological cancer patients in chemotherapy. Conclusion Fruit aromatherapy is af ordable,it can be ef ective in improving nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy and al eviate the suf ering of patients.

  11. Allergic contact dermatitis following exposure to essential oils.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bleasel, Narelle; Tate, Bruce; Rademaker, Marius

    2002-08-01

    Allergic contact dermatitis from the topical use of essential oils is not widely recognized as an occupational hazard. Four cases of allergic contact dermatitis to essential oils occurring in three aromatherapists and one chemist with a particular interest in aromatherapy are described. All presented with predominantly hand dermatitis and demonstrated sensitization to multiple essential oils. One patient developed a recurrence of cutaneous symptoms following ingestion of lemongrass tea. Workers within this industry should be aware of the sensitization potential of these products and the risk of limiting their ability to continue employment. PMID:12121401

  12. Alternative methods of conservative treatment of idiopathic scoliosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarzycka, Maja; Rozek, Karina; Zarzycki, Michał

    2009-01-01

    Scoliosis is a deformity of the spine known since Hippocrates times. The value of certain methods of conservative treatment remains controversial. Some of them have only a psychological value both for the physician and his or her caregivers. Based on current literature and the Scoliosis Research Society Report of Alternative Methods of Treatment of Idiopathic Scoliosis, we describe the effectiveness of various alternative methods, such as exercise, Dobosiewicz technique, Karski method, SEAS 02, acupuncture, Alexander technique, aromatherapy, ayurveda, ASCO treatment, biofeedback, chiropractic, Yoga, Feldenkrais method, Pilates method, massage therapy, rolfing, magnet therapy, surface electrical stimulation, PNF, Copes system, and bracing. PMID:19920282

  13. Unraveling the rat blood genome-wide transcriptome after oral administration of lavender oil by a two-color dye-swap DNA microarray approach

    OpenAIRE

    Hori, Motohide; Kubo, Hiroko; Shibato, Junko; Saito, Tomomi; Ogawa, Tetsuo; Wakamori, Minoru; Masuo, Yoshinori; Shioda, Seiji; Rakwal, Randeep

    2016-01-01

    Lavender oil (LO) is a commonly used essential oil in aromatherapy as non-traditional medicine. With an aim to demonstrate LO effects on the body, we have recently established an animal model investigating the influence of orally administered LO in rat tissues, genome-wide. In this brief, we investigate the effect of LO ingestion in the blood of rat. Rats were administered LO at usual therapeutic dose (5 mg/kg) in humans, and following collection of the venous blood from the heart and extract...

  14. The Sh-h-h-h Project: nonpharmacological interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Sherry B; Weitzel, Tina; Henderson, Lisa

    2005-01-01

    Promoting rest and sleep is integral to the profession of nursing. The Sh-h-h-h Project, a nonpharmacological program designed to enhance rest and sleep, was implemented on a hospital medical unit. Nursing assistants provided patients with various modalities to improve sleep, including back rubs, warm drinks, blankets warmed in a blanket warmer, aromatherapy, relaxation music, and earplugs. Additional interventions were taken to reduce noise. The outcomes of the Sh-h-h-h Project are reported here, with patients indicating improved sleep quality and quantity. PMID:16269944

  15. [Nursing management of wound care pain].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chin, Yen-Fan

    2007-06-01

    Wound care is an important step in promoting wound healing, but it may cause wound care pain. This article aims to explore factors influencing wound care pain and the effectiveness of various interventions to alleviate it. Five major factors that influence wound care pain include inappropriate dressing change techniques, inflammation response, emotion, cognition, and social-cultural factors. Nurses should apply appropriate dressings and dressing change techniques to relieve wound care pain. Music therapy and aromatherapy can alleviate wound pain after dressing change. But distraction techniques should be used in conjunction with consideration of the needs of the individual subject. PMID:17554674

  16. 香花香草解千愁—植物的芳香疗法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张泓

    2003-01-01

    芳香疗法(Aromatherapy)起源于古埃及,中国等古文明,尽管在西方国家流行已久,但在我国,人们对其却知之尚少,到底它有什么作用,是否像传说中那样神奇?,看完本文后,你不妨一试,切身体味一下把大自然带回家的感受吧。

  17. 浅谈芳香疗法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐亚珍

    2005-01-01

    我在《双足与保健》2003年第6期发表《足部反射疗法配合香薰法临床探讨》一文后,接到不少国内同道们来电或来信询问“芳香疗法”(aromatherapy)。为此再撰此文,与同道们一起探讨“芳香疗法”。

  18. Suppression of Carrageenan- and Collagen II-Induced Inflammation in Mice by Geranium Oil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available To obtain experimental evidence on the therapeutic efficacy of essential oils in aromatherapy for inflammatory diseases, we examined the effects of geranium oil on carrageenan-induced and collagen II-induced inflammation in mice, to assess acute and chronic anti-inflammatory activities of the oil. Single intraperitoneal injection of 5μL of geranium oil clearly suppressed the carrageenan-induced footpaw edema and increase in tissue myeloperoxidase activity, and repeated administration of the oil suppressed collagen-induced arthritis. These results revealed that geranium oil suppressed both acute and chronic inflammatory responses in mice

  19. Suppression of Carrageenan- and Collagen II-Induced Inflammation in Mice by Geranium Oil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naho Maruyama

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available To obtain experimental evidence on the therapeutic efficacy of essential oils in aromatherapy for inflammatory diseases, we examined the effects of geranium oil on carrageenan-induced and collagen II-induced inflammation in mice, to assess acute and chronic anti-inflammatory activities of the oil. Single intraperitoneal injection of 5 μL of geranium oil clearly suppressed the carrageenan-induced footpaw edema and increase in tissue myeloperoxidase activity, and repeated administration of the oil suppressed collagen-induced arthritis. These results revealed that geranium oil suppressed both acute and chronic inflammatory responses in mice.

  20. 植物精油与芳香治疗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    希雨

    2004-01-01

    “芳香治疗”(aromatherapy)一词使人产生很多误解,关于什么是芳香治疗的争论正在美国的芳香治疗组织和香料生产商之间展开。有人认为芳香治疗就是吸入香气,至于这种香气是化学合成的,还是天然产生的无关紧要。也有人认为芳香治疗就是使用精油,而

  1. Gas sensor characterization at low concentrations of natural oils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sambemana, H.; Siadat, M.; Lumbreras, M.

    2009-05-01

    Inhalation of essential oils can be used in aromatherapy due to their activating or relaxing effects. The study of these effects requires behavioral measurements on living subjects, by varying the nature and also the quantity of the volatile substances to be present in the atmosphere. So, to permit the evaluation of therapeutic effects of a variety of natural oils, we propose to develop an automatic diffusion/detection system capable to create an ambient air with low stabilized concentration of chosen oil. In this work, we discuss the performance of an array of eight gas sensors to discriminate low and constant concentrations of a chosen natural oil.

  2. Regulation of specialized metabolism by WRKY transcription factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schluttenhofer, Craig; Yuan, Ling

    2015-02-01

    WRKY transcription factors (TFs) are well known for regulating plant abiotic and biotic stress tolerance. However, much less is known about how WRKY TFs affect plant-specialized metabolism. Analysis of WRKY TFs regulating the production of specialized metabolites emphasizes the values of the family outside of traditionally accepted roles in stress tolerance. WRKYs with conserved roles across plant species seem to be essential in regulating specialized metabolism. Overall, the WRKY family plays an essential role in regulating the biosynthesis of important pharmaceutical, aromatherapy, biofuel, and industrial components, warranting considerable attention in the forthcoming years. PMID:25501946

  3. Effects of terpineol on the compound action potential of the rat sciatic nerve

    OpenAIRE

    M.R. Moreira; G.M.P. Cruz; Lopes, M S; A.A.C. Albuquerque; J.H. Leal-Cardoso

    2001-01-01

    Terpineol, a volatile terpenoid alcohol of low toxicity, is widely used in the perfumery industry. It is an important chemical constituent of the essential oil of many plants with widespread applications in folk medicine and in aromatherapy. The effects of terpineol on the compound action potential (CAP) of rat sciatic nerve were studied. Terpineol induced a dose-dependent blockade of the CAP. At 100 µM, terpineol had no demonstrable effect. At 300 µM terpineol, peak-to-peak amplitude and con...

  4. Cinnamomum cassia Essential Oil Inhibits α-MSH-Induced Melanin Production and Oxidative Stress in Murine B16 Melanoma Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Shih

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Essential oils extracted from aromatic plants exhibit important biological activities and have become increasingly important for the development of aromatherapy for complementary and alternative medicine. The essential oil extracted from Cinnamomum cassia Presl (CC-EO has various functional properties; however, little information is available regarding its anti-tyrosinase and anti-melanogenic activities. In this study, 16 compounds in the CC-EO have been identified; the major components of this oil are cis-2-methoxycinnamic acid (43.06% and cinnamaldehyde (42.37%. CC-EO and cinnamaldehyde exhibited anti-tyrosinase activities; however, cis-2-methoxycinnamic acid did not demonstrate tyrosinase inhibitory activity. In murine B16 melanoma cells stimulated with α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH, CC-EO and cinnamaldehyde not only reduced the melanin content and tyrosinase activity of the cells but also down-regulated tyrosinase expression without exhibiting cytotoxicity. Moreover, CC-EO and cinnamaldehyde decreased thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS levels and restored glutathione (GSH and catalase activity in the α-MSH-stimulated B16 cells. These results demonstrate that CC-EO and its major component, cinnamaldehyde, possess potent anti-tyrosinase and anti-melanogenic activities that are coupled with antioxidant properties. Therefore, CC-EO may be a good source of skin-whitening agents and may have potential as an antioxidant in the future development of complementary and alternative medicine-based aromatherapy.

  5. Essential Oils for Complementary Treatment of Surgical Patients: State of the Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanna Stea

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aromatherapy is the controlled use of plant essences for therapeutic purposes. Its applications are numerous (i.e., wellbeing, labour, infections, dementia, and anxiety treatment but often they have not been scientifically validated. The aim of the present study is to review the available literature to determine if there is evidence for effectiveness of aromatherapy in surgical patients to treat anxiety and insomnia, to control pain and nausea, and to dress wound. Efficacy studies of lavender or orange and peppermint essential oils, to treat anxiety and nausea, respectively, have shown positive results. For other aspects, such as pain control, essential oils therapy has shown uncertain results. Finally, there are encouraging data for the treatment of infections, especially for tea tree oil, although current results are still inconclusive. It should also be considered that although they are, allergic reactions and toxicity can occur after oral ingestion. Therefore, while rigorous studies are being carried out, it is important that the therapeutic use of essential oils be performed in compliance with clinical safety standards.

  6. Fancy citrus, feel good: Positive judgment of citrus odor, but not the odor itself, is associated with elevated mood during experienced helplessness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthias eHoenen

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Aromatherapy claims that citrus essential oils exert mood lifting effects. Controlled studies, however, have yielded inconsistent results. Notably, studies so far did not control for odor pleasantness, although pleasantness is a critical determinant of emotional responses to odors. This study investigates mood lifting effects of d-(+-limonene, the most prominent substance in citrus essential oils, with respect to odor quality judgments.Negative mood was induced within 78 participants using a helplessness paradigm (unsolvable social discrimination task. During this task, participants were continuously (mean duration: 19.5 min exposed to d-(+-limonene (n = 25, vanillin (n = 26, or diethyl phthalate (n = 27. Participants described their mood (Self-Assessment-Manikin, basic emotion ratings and judged the odors’ quality (intensity, pleasantness, unpleasantness, familiarity prior to and following the helplessness induction. The participants were in a less positive mood after the helplessness induction (p < .001, irrespective of the odor condition. Still, the more pleasant the participants judged the odors, the less effective the helplessness induction was in reducing happiness (p = .019.The results show no odor specific mood lifting effect of d-(+-limonene, but indicate a positive effect of odor pleasantness on mood. The study highlights the necessity to evaluate odor judgments in aromatherapy research.

  7. Essential oils for complementary treatment of surgical patients: state of the art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stea, Susanna; Beraudi, Alina; De Pasquale, Dalila

    2014-01-01

    Aromatherapy is the controlled use of plant essences for therapeutic purposes. Its applications are numerous (i.e., wellbeing, labour, infections, dementia, and anxiety treatment) but often they have not been scientifically validated. The aim of the present study is to review the available literature to determine if there is evidence for effectiveness of aromatherapy in surgical patients to treat anxiety and insomnia, to control pain and nausea, and to dress wound. Efficacy studies of lavender or orange and peppermint essential oils, to treat anxiety and nausea, respectively, have shown positive results. For other aspects, such as pain control, essential oils therapy has shown uncertain results. Finally, there are encouraging data for the treatment of infections, especially for tea tree oil, although current results are still inconclusive. It should also be considered that although they are, allergic reactions and toxicity can occur after oral ingestion. Therefore, while rigorous studies are being carried out, it is important that the therapeutic use of essential oils be performed in compliance with clinical safety standards. PMID:24707312

  8. Effects of citrus aurantium (bitter orange) on the severity of first-stage labor pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Namazi, Masoumeh; Amir Ali Akbari, Seddigheh; Mojab, Faraz; Talebi, Atefe; Alavi Majd, Hamid; Jannesari, Sharareh

    2014-01-01

    Considering that vaginal delivery is a painful process, the present study investigated the effects of Citrus aurantium on the severity of first-stage labor pain in primiparous women. This study was a randomized clinical trial conducted with 126 eligible primiparous patients. The pain severity of patients was measured at the time of enrolling in the study. In the intervention group, (aromatherapy) gauze squares were soaked in 4 ml of C. aurantium distillated water, and in the control group, gauze squares were soaked in 4 ml of normal saline; each gauze square was attached to the respective patients' collar. The intervention was repeated every 30 min. Pain severity was measured after the intervention at 3-4, 5-7, and 8-10 cm cervix dilatations. The two groups were standardized with regard to age, profession, education, desire to conceive, and number and severity of uterine contractions. The Bishop's score was also calculated. Before intervention, pain severity was the same for both groups, but following intervention, pain severity reduced in the intervention group at 3-4 centimeter (P aromatherapy using C. aurantium distillated water alleviates labor pain. This method is recommended because of its ease of use and low cost and because it is a non-aggressive method to reduce labor pain. PMID:25276203

  9. Effects of Inhalation of Lavender Essential Oil on Open-heart Surgery Pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salamati, Armaiti; Mashouf, Soheyla; Sahbaei, Faezeh; Mojab, Faraz

    2014-01-01

    This study evaluated the effects of inhalation of lavender essential oil on the pain of open-heart surgery. The main complaint of patients after open-heart surgery is chest pain. Due to the side effects of opioids, it is important to use a non-invasive way to effectively relieve pain including aromatherapy with analgesics. This study was a clinical single-blind trial and was conducted on 40 patients who had open-heart surgery in the cardiac ICU of 2 Hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, 2012. Criteria included: full consciousness, spontaneous breathing ability and not using synthetic opioids within 2 hours before extubation. After extubation, the patients were asked to mark the intensity of their pain using the visual analogue scale. Then, a cotton swab which was impregnated with 2 drops of lavender essential oil 2% was placed in their oxygen mask, and they got breath for 10 minutes. 30 minutes after aromatherapy, they were asked to re-mark their pain intensity. The level of patient's pain before and after aroma therapy were compared. The pain mean level before and after inhaling lavender essential oil was 5.60 (SD = 2.262) and 4.98 (SD = 2.293), respectively (p-value>0.05). Therefore, there is no significant difference and the result of study proves that lavender essential oil inhalation has no effect on reducing the pain of open-heart surgery. PMID:25587315

  10. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of thymol: A brief review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchese, Anna; Orhan, Ilkay Erdogan; Daglia, Maria; Barbieri, Ramona; Di Lorenzo, Arianna; Nabavi, Seyed Fazel; Gortzi, Olga; Izadi, Morteza; Nabavi, Seyed Mohammad

    2016-11-01

    Thymol (2-isopropyl-5-methylphenol) is the main monoterpene phenol occurring in essential oils isolated from plants belonging to the Lamiaceae family (Thymus, Ocimum, Origanum, and Monarda genera), and other plants such as those belonging to the Verbenaceae, Scrophulariaceae, Ranunculaceae, and Apiaceae families. These essential oils are used in the food industry for their flavouring and preservative properties, in commercial mosquito repellent formulations for their natural repellent effect, in aromatherapy, and in traditional medicine for the treatment of headaches, coughs, and diarrhea. Many different activities of thymol such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, local anaesthetic, antinociceptive, cicatrizing, antiseptic, and especially antibacterial and antifungal properties have been shown. This review aims to critically evaluate the available literature regarding the antibacterial and antifungal effects of thymol. PMID:27211664

  11. Assessment of the effectiveness of non-pharmacological methods in pain relief during labor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samara Maria Borges Osório

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This is a systematic review that aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of non-pharmacological methods for pain relief during labor. The articles’ selection was based on BDENF, PubMed, LILACS and Cochrane Library, published between 2007 and 2012. One analyzed seven studies that assessed the non-pharmacological methods and met the eligibility criteria. It was evident that massage, aromatherapy, immersion bath, acupuncture and acupressure are effective methods to relieve pain during labor, because besides reducing pain perception, they still lower levels of anxiety and stress. Among them, the most efficient one was the massage, mainly when done in the first stage of labor. Furthermore, the interventions don’t interfere in the kind and duration of labor, being safe to clinical practice.

  12. Complementary medicine for depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilkington, Karen; Rampes, Hagen; Richardson, Janet

    2006-11-01

    Surveys have demonstrated that complementary medicine use for depression is widespread, although patterns of use vary. A series of systematic reviews provide a summary of the current evidence for acupuncture, aromatherapy and massage, homeopathy, meditation, reflexology, herbal medicine, yoga, and several dietary supplements and relaxation techniques. The quantity and quality of individual studies vary widely, but research interest in complementary therapies is increasing, particularly in herbal and nutritional products. Major questions are still to be answered with respect to the effectiveness and appropriate role of these therapies in the management of depression. Areas for further research and some of the potential challenges to research design are discussed. Finally, several ongoing developments in information provision on this topic are highlighted. PMID:17144787

  13. In Vitro Antibacterial Activity of Essential Oils against Streptococcus pyogenes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sfeir, Julien; Lefrançois, Corinne; Baudoux, Dominique; Derbré, Séverine; Licznar, Patricia

    2013-01-01

    Streptococcus pyogenes plays an important role in the pathogenesis of tonsillitis. The present study was conducted to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial activities of 18 essential oils chemotypes from aromatic medicinal plants against S. pyogenes. Antibacterial activity of essential oils was investigated using disc diffusion method. Minimum Inhibitory Concentration of essential oils showing an important antibacterial activity was measured using broth dilution method. Out of 18 essential oils tested, 14 showed antibacterial activity against S. pyogenes. Among them Cinnamomum verum, Cymbopogon citratus, Thymus vulgaris CT thymol, Origanum compactum, and Satureja montana essential oils exhibited significant antibacterial activity. The in vitro results reported here suggest that, for patients suffering from bacterial throat infections, if aromatherapy is used, these essential oils, considered as potential antimicrobial agents, should be preferred. PMID:23662123

  14. Effectiveness of environment-based interventions for people with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padilla, René

    2011-01-01

    A systematic review of evidence for the efficacy of environment-based interventions on the affect, behavior, and performance of people with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias was conducted as part of the American Occupational Therapy Association's Evidence-Based Literature Review Project. Thirty-three reports met inclusion criteria. Results suggest that ambient music, aromatherapy, and Snoezelen are modestly effective in reducingagitation but do not consistently have long-term effects. Visually complex environments that give the illusion of barriers deter people from wandering to unsafe places but do not reduce the urge to wander. Evidence that bright light therapy can aid in regulating mood and the sleep-wake cycle and thus help people remain awake during the day is preliminary. Montessori-based programming can be useful in matching activities to the person's remaining skills. Further research is needed to evaluate the long-term effect, contraindications, and best dosages of these interventions. PMID:22026319

  15. Short Communication: Antimycotic activity and phytochemical screening of fungal endophytes associated with Santalum album

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ASHWANI TAPWAL

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Tapwal A, Pradhan S, Chandra S, Rashmi. 2016. Antimycotic activity and phytochemical screening of fungal endophytes associated with Santalum album. Nusantara Bioscience 8: 14-17. The heartwood of Santalum album constitutes the central part of the tree is valued for its fragrance. The wood and oil are utilized in medicine. Sandalwood oil is extensively used in perfumery, cosmetics, aromatherapy and pharmaceutical industry. The endophytic microorganisms inhabiting the plant tissues are expected to mimic some of the metabolites of its host. This study was aimed to isolate and screen the fungal endophytes inhabiting the Santalum album for antimicrobial activity and for the presence of important phytochemicals. Five fungal endophytes isolated from different parts of S. album have exhibited antimicrobial potential against Fusarium oxysporum in the range of 5.0-40.4%. The isolated endophytic fungi also indicated the presence of alkaloids, phenolics and tannins, flavonoids, carbohydrates and glycosides, terpenoids, amino acids and proteins.

  16. Mind-body therapies: evidence and implications in advanced oncology practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayden, Kelley D

    2012-11-01

    The idea that thoughts and emotions influence health outcomes is an ancient concept that was initially abandoned by Western medicine researchers. Today, researchers are showing a renewed interest in the interactions of the mind and body and the role these interactions play in disease formation and recovery. Complementary and alternative interventions, such as mind-body therapies, are increasingly being used by cancer survivors for disease prevention, immune system enhancement, and symptom control. Traditional training has not been structured to provide advanced practitioners with an in-depth knowledge of the clinical applications of mind-body therapies. The aim of this article is to acquaint the reader with common mind-body modalities (meditation/mindfulness-based stress reduction, relaxation therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, hypnosis, biofeedback, music therapy, art therapy, support groups, and aromatherapy) and to examine important evidence in support of or against their clinical application. PMID:25031967

  17. In Vitro Antibacterial Activity of Essential Oils against Streptococcus pyogenes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julien Sfeir

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Streptococcus pyogenes plays an important role in the pathogenesis of tonsillitis. The present study was conducted to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial activities of 18 essential oils chemotypes from aromatic medicinal plants against S. pyogenes. Antibacterial activity of essential oils was investigated using disc diffusion method. Minimum Inhibitory Concentration of essential oils showing an important antibacterial activity was measured using broth dilution method. Out of 18 essential oils tested, 14 showed antibacterial activity against S. pyogenes. Among them Cinnamomum verum, Cymbopogon citratus, Thymus vulgaris CT thymol, Origanum compactum, and Satureja montana essential oils exhibited significant antibacterial activity. The in vitro results reported here suggest that, for patients suffering from bacterial throat infections, if aromatherapy is used, these essential oils, considered as potential antimicrobial agents, should be preferred.

  18. Citrus bergamia essential oil: from basic research to clinical application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele eNavarra

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Citrus bergamia Risso et Poiteau, also known as Bergamot, is a plant belonging to the Rutaceae family, defined as a hybrid of bitter orange and lemon. It is an endemic plant of the Calabria region (Italy. Bergamot fruit is primarily used for the extraction of its essential oil (bergamot essential oil: BEO, employed in perfume, cosmetics, food and confections.The aim of this review was to collect recent data from the literature on Citrus bergamia essential oil and, through a critical analysis, focus on safety and the beneficial effects on human health. Clinical studies on the therapeutic applications of BEO exclusively focus on the field of aromatherapy, suggesting that its use can be useful for reducing anxiety and stress.

  19. 香薰消脂

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朝露

    2004-01-01

    大部分人对香薰治疗(Aromatherapy)的印象.都以为只是可以松弛神经、提神醒脑、消除疲劳。其实.在今日样样讲求Multifunction(多功能)的时代,香薰治疗除了以上的基本功能外.还可起到消脂纤体的效用,这也是目前含有香薰配方的减肥纤体产品极受欢迎,各大美容院推崇香薰减肥的原因。

  20. 文华东方推出皇牌特色水疗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    屡获殊荣的文华东方酒店集团即将在其全球旗下多间豪华酒店的水疗中心内推出全新皇牌特色疗程服务,加上一系列品牌高级产品及家居护理用品.由今年6月起为旅客带来星级舒适服务。文华东方皇牌产品系列由获奖无数的英国品牌Aromatherapy Associates专门研制,每件香熏产品均按照金、木、水、火、土东方五行概念设计而成.

  1. Scientific basis for the therapeutic use of Cymbopogon citratus, stapf (Lemon grass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gagan Shah

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Cymbopogon citratus, Stapf (Lemon grass is a widely used herb in tropical countries, especially in Southeast Asia. The essential oil of the plant is used in aromatherapy. The compounds identified in Cymbopogon citratus are mainly terpenes, alcohols, ketones, aldehyde and esters. Some of the reported phytoconstituents are essential oils that contain Citral a, Citral b, Nerol Geraniol, Citronellal, Terpinolene, Geranyl acetate, Myrecene and Terpinol Methylheptenone. The plant also contains reported phytoconstituents such as flavonoids and phenolic compounds, which consist of luteolin, isoorientin 2′-O-rhamnoside, quercetin, kaempferol and apiginin. Studies indicate that Cymbopogon citratus possesses various pharmacological activities such as anti-amoebic, antibacterial, antidiarrheal, antifilarial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties. Various other effects like antimalarial, antimutagenicity, antimycobacterial, antioxidants, hypoglycemic and neurobehaviorial have also been studied. These results are very encouraging and indicate that this herb should be studied more extensively to confirm these results and reveal other potential therapeutic effects.

  2. A NEW VARIETY OF ORIGANUM VULGARE L. – DENIS, CREATED AT VRDS BACĂU IN ECOLOGIC AGRICULTURE CONDITION, CERTIFIED IN 2007 YEAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FALTICEANU MARCELA

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Oregano is a perennial plant of 0,6 – 0,8m high. The flowers are small, coloured in red till lilac-lavender. It blossom from July till September, being pollinated by bees. The utility rate of plants is 3 : 5.In the literature is mentioned as a plants with multiple uses: culinary (as a condiment plant or for the preparation of a aromatised tea, the leaves can be consumed fresh or cooked; ornamental (is decorative through port, bush and flowers: often is cultivated in pots; medicinal (is has an antiseptically and expectorant effects, being used also in affections of respiratory systems, indigestions, arthritis, aromatherapy etc; melliferous (is a good melliferous plant; in biologic agriculture (with repellent effect for insects, is recommended for association with many vegetable species, also because the plants cover very well the soil, thus providing an herbicide effect; cosmetics (perfume, soap, spay industry.

  3. 芳香事业:炙手可热--专访I.F.A.专任教师金韵蓉

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    @@ 在回归自然的新生活观念趋势中,芳香疗法是最广为人知也最受人欢迎的.芳香疗法英文名为Aromatherapy,Aroma是指"各种植物中所含之各种香味",therapy是指"疗法",Aromatherapy意即"使用植物精油的疗法".所以实际上并不只是纯粹利用香味的疗法,而是利用植物萃取精华,透过吸闻及经皮吸收按摩等方法,使身心感到舒适进而对生理、心理产生作用和影响.

  4. Spice/K2 drugs--more than innocent substitutes for marijuana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zawilska, Jolanta B; Wojcieszak, Jakub

    2014-03-01

    Smokeable herbal mixtures containing synthetic agonists of cannabinoid receptors, known under brand names such as Spice, K2 and Kronic, represent a relatively new type of designer psychoactive drugs that has recently emerged on the recreational drug market. Although the Spice packages are labelled 'not for human consumption' or 'for aromatherapy only' and declared to be purely herbal, these herbal mixtures produce cannabis-like effects after smoking. This review surveys the current state of knowledge regarding the pharmacological properties of synthetic cannabimimetics and the prevalence and pattern of their use. Special emphasis is given to the negative consequences of using these products, including, among others, hallucinations, psychoses with delusions, seizures, cardiovascular symptoms and acute kidney injury. PMID:24169044

  5. The oasis project, exploring the concept of reducing anxiety & stress in a hospital setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mousley, Susan

    2015-08-01

    Comments written in a prayer book in a hospital Chaplaincy Centre, about the area being a 'quiet oasis' in the middle of a busy hospital amid lots of anxiety and stress led to a focus group forming to explore ideas on how this could be addressed; a short term vision was the creation of an area (Oasis) in the Chaplaincy centre and longer term in other areas across the whole hospital. These areas would have an ambience of calm and relaxation where the use of colour, sound, aroma's and touch would be used to help in the reduction of stress and anxiety, this may be from forthcoming surgery, procedures or life in general from traumatic circumstances. The potential impact of this would be to aid recovery, potentially reduce other stress related illness and improve general well-being using strategies to include relaxation, breathing and visualisation techniques and aromatherapy hand massage. PMID:26256136

  6. IR-Raman-VCD study of R-(+)-Pulegone: Influence of the solvent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aviles-Moreno, Juan Ramón; Ureña Horno, Elena; Partal Ureña, Francisco; López González, Juan Jesús

    2011-08-01

    R-(+)-Pulegone is a natural monoterpene obtained from the essential oils of a variety of plants. It is used in flavouring agents, perfumery and aromatherapy. In this work, a study of the molecular structure and the infrared and Raman spectra of this chemical is presented. Theoretical calculations reveal the existence of two conformers depending on the position of the methyl group (axial and equatorial), being the equatorial conformer the most stable. A complete and reliable assignment of the IR and Raman spectra of the title compound is made, and the results are used to carry out a detailed interpretation of the VCD spectrum of this compound in the 4000-900 cm -1 region. Finally, the influence of the solvent in the VCD bands (intensity and sign) has been tested comparing the neat liquid spectrum with the VCD spectra recorded with four solvents.

  7. Women's attitudes towards the use of complementary and alternative medicine products during pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frawley, J; Sibbritt, D; Broom, A; Gallois, C; Steel, A; Adams, J

    2016-05-01

    The aim of this study was to analyse women's attitudes towards the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) products during pregnancy. The study sample was obtained via the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health or ALSWH. A response rate of 79.2% (n = 1,835) was attained. Women who use herbal medicines (34.5%, n = 588) view CAM as a preventative measure, are looking for something holistic and are concerned about evidence of clinical efficacy when considering the use of these products during pregnancy. Women who use aromatherapy (17.4%, n = 319) and homoeopathy (13.3%, n = 244) want more personal control over their body and are concerned more about their own personal experience of the efficacy of CAM than clinical evidence of efficacy. As CAM use in pregnancy appears to be increasingly commonplace, insights into women's attitudes towards CAM are valuable for maternity healthcare providers. PMID:26472482

  8. Citrus bergamia essential oil: from basic research to clinical application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarra, Michele; Mannucci, Carmen; Delbò, Marisa; Calapai, Gioacchino

    2015-01-01

    Citrus bergamia Risso et Poiteau, also known as "Bergamot," is a plant belonging to the Rutaceae family, defined as a hybrid of bitter orange and lemon. It is an endemic plant of the Calabria region (Italy). Bergamot fruit is primarily used for the extraction of its essential oil (bergamot essential oil: BEO), employed in perfume, cosmetics, food, and confections. The aim of this review was to collect recent data from the literature on C. bergamia essential oil and, through a critical analysis, focus on safety and the beneficial effects on human health. Clinical studies on the therapeutic applications of BEO exclusively focus on the field of aromatherapy, suggesting that its use can be useful for reducing anxiety and stress. PMID:25784877

  9. [Critical issues in clinical practice guidelines for geriatric care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanetti, Ermellina

    2014-01-01

    Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia(BPSD) are one of the most disturbing issues in the management of patients, both for caregivers and health care personnel. Aim of this paper is to critically appraise the available guidelines on the non pharmacological management of BPSD. Some effective interventions such as person centred care, communication skills e dementia care mapping are not mentioned while interventions of dubious efficacy (aromatherapy, per therapy, light therapy or music therapy) are proposed. The variability in the expression of behavioral disorders and the different causes suggest an accurate tailoring of the interventions, based on the assessment of the patient, the organization and the environment. Further studies are necessary to improve the implementation of the non drug strategies for the management of BPSDs. PMID:25532924

  10. Chamomile: A herbal medicine of the past with bright future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srivastava, Janmejai K; Shankar, Eswar; Gupta, Sanjay

    2010-01-01

    Chamomile is one of the most ancient medicinal herbs known to mankind. It is a member of Asteraceae/Compositae family and represented by two common varieties viz. German Chamomile (Chamomilla recutita) and Roman Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile). The dried flowers of chamomile contain many terpenoids and flavonoids contributing to its medicinal properties. Chamomile preparations are commonly used for many human ailments such as hay fever, inflammation, muscle spasms, menstrual disorders, insomnia, ulcers, wounds, gastrointestinal disorders, rheumatic pain, and hemorrhoids. Essential oils of chamomile are used extensively in cosmetics and aromatherapy. Many different preparations of chamomile have been developed, the most popular of which is in the form of herbal tea consumed more than one million cups per day. In this review we describe the use of chamomile in traditional medicine with regard to evaluating its curative and preventive properties, highlight recent findings for its development as a therapeutic agent promoting human health. PMID:21132119

  11. A primer of complementary and alternative medicine commonly used by cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernst, E

    2001-01-15

    Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is frequently used by cancer patients, and many oncologists have limited knowledge of CAM. This article provides a brief, evidence-based introduction to several CAM treatments relevant in the context of cancer. "Alternative" diets, chiropractic, coffee enemas, ozone therapy, and shark cartilage seem to have little to offer cancer patients. The evidence for or against homoeopathy and spiritual healing is at present inconclusive. Acupuncture, aromatherapy, and meditation may be useful for nausea/vomiting, for mild relaxation, and for pain/anxiety, respectively. Herbal treatments offer no reasonable prospect of a cure (mistletoe), but could be useful as palliative treatments (eg, for depression [St John's wort] or anxiety [kava]). Our knowledge regarding the potential benefit and harm of CAM is insufficient. PMID:11245510

  12. Complementary and alternative medicine in the treatment of refugees and survivors of torture: a review and proposal for action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longacre, McKenna; Silver-Highfield, Ellen; Lama, Puja; Grodin, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Survivors of torture and refugee trauma often have increased needs for mental and physical healthcare. This is due in part to the complex sequelae of trauma, including chronic pain, major depressive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and somatization. This article reviews the scientific medical literature for the efficacy and feasibility of some complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) modalities including meditation, Ayurveda, pranayama/yogic breathing, massage/body-work, dance/movement, spirituality, yoga, music, Traditional Chinese Medicine and acupuncture, qigong, t'ai chi, chiropractic, homeopathy, aromatherapy and Reiki specifically with respect to survivors of torture and refugee trauma. We report that preliminary research suggests that the certain CAM modalities may prove effective as part of an integrated treatment plan for survivors of torture and refugee trauma. Further research is warranted. PMID:23086004

  13. Use of complementary and alternative therapies to promote sleep in critically ill patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, Kathy; Nagel, Corey; Markie, Megan; Elwell, Jean; Barone, Claudia

    2003-09-01

    The efficacy of complementary and alternative therapies for sleep promotion in critically ill patients is largely unexamined. We found only seven studies (three on environmental interventions and one each on massage, music therapy, therapeutic touch, and, melatonin) that examined the effect of complementary and alternative therapies. A number of studies, however, have shown that massage, music therapy. and therapeutic touch promote relaxation and comfort in critically ill patients, which likely leads to improved sleep. Massage, music therapy, and therapeutic touch are safe for critically ill patients and should be routinely applied by ICU nurses who have received training on how to administer these specialized interventions. Environmental interventions, such as reducing noise, playing white noise such as ocean sounds, and decreasing interruptions to sleep for care, also are safe and logical interventions that ICU nurses should use to help patients sleep. Progressive muscle relaxation has been extensively studied and shown to be efficacious for improving sleep in persons with insomnia; however, progressive muscle relaxation requires that patients consciously attend to relaxing specific muscle groups and practice these techniques, which may be difficult for critically 11 patients. We do not currently recommend aromatherapy and alternative sedatives, such as valerian and melatonin, for sleep promotion in critically ill patients because the safety of these substances is unclear. In summary, we recommend that ICU nurses implement music therapy, environmental interventions, therapeutic touch, and relaxing massage to promote sleep in critically ill patients. These interventions are safe and may improve patient sleep, although randomized controlled trials are needed to test their efficacy. Aromatherapy and alternative sedatives require further investigation to determine their safety and efficacy. PMID:12943139

  14. The Effects of Sleep and Touch Therapy on Symptoms of Fibromyalgia and Depression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BC Demirbağ

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Many alternative interventions are practiced in an effort to reduce symptoms of fibromiyalgia. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of sleep and touch therapy accompanied by music and aromatherapy on the symptoms of fibromyalgia and depression.Methods: The study was carried out between September 2009 and March 2011 in the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Polyclinic in Trabzon, Turkey. The sample consisted of 162 female patients and had been diagnosed with fibromyalgia at least 6 months prior to the study. Since the sample contains two intervention groups and one control group, each group was assigned 54 patients. Data were collected through a Personal Information Form, a Fibromyalgia Symptom Form and the Beck Depression Index. The study employed a pre-test/post-test control group design. A paired sample t-test was used in the comparisons of the in-group scale points; the chi-square in the intergroup comparisons, and the McNamer test in the in-group comparisons.Results: After the interventions, it was observed that the depression levels in the touch-music-aroma therapy group showed a larger decrease (before: 22.01±5.3; after: 14.52±3.7 than in the sleep-music-aroma therapy group (before: 24.81±5.1; after: 20.16±4.9 and control groups (before: 23.73±4.4; after: 21.05±2.6. Symptoms such as restless sleep, headache, morning fatigue, exhaustion, feeling like crying and bowel complaints were also significantly reduced (P<0.05.Conclusion: It is suggested that nurses providing healthcare to FMS patients should also offer these patients aromatherapy, sleep, music and touch therapies.

  15. Inhaled Lavender Effect on Anxiety and Pain Caused From Intrauterine Device Insertion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahnaz Shahnazi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Intrauterine device (IUD is the most common reliable, effective and reversible contraceptive method used worldwide and in areas with high growth rate is of particular importance. IUD insertion is associated with high anxiety in most people that causes pain and discomfort. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of aromatherapy on anxiety and pain caused by IUD insertion. Methods: This study was conducted on 106 women in a health care center located in Ardebil, Iran. Participants were divided into two groups by randomized blocks of 4 and 6. In the experimental group lavender scent was inhaled and in the control group the placebo was inhaled 30 minutes before IUD insertion. The anxiety of the participants was measured by Spielberger questionnaire, and the pain of IUD insertion was measured immediately after the insertion using visual analog scale (range 0-10. Results: The mean score (standard deviation of anxiety before intervention was 43.2 (9.2 in the experimental group that decreased after intervention to 39.0 (10.5 (p < 0.001, while this score was 42.2 (9.0 and 41.5 (8.4 before and after the intervention in the control group (p = 0.21. Mean differences of anxiety in both groups was statistically significant (p < 0.001. The pain score after intervention did not show significant difference between two groups (p = 0.51. Conclusion: Aromatherapy with lavender inhalation was effective in decreasing anxiety in IUD procedure, and this method can be used in health care centers as complementary treatments.

  16. MICROWAVE ASSISTED HYDRODISTILLATION UNTUK EKSTRAKSI MINYAK ATSIRI DARI KULIT JERUK BALI SEBAGAI LILIN AROMATERAPI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megawati -

    2015-07-01

    composition analysis was conducted with Gas Chromatography-Mass Spektrometry (GC-MS. Afterward the essential oils was treated to produce aromatherapy candle. It is concluded that the greater power obtained the greater oil volume. Additionally the greater material mass resulted in the greater oil volume. The extracted pomelo peel essential oil density is about 0.810 g/mL. Beside that, essential oil solubility in alcohol is about 95% v/v (oil-alcohol ratio of 1:6. There are three oil components in pomelo peel essential oil, i.e. limonene (93.99%, β-pinene (3.20%, and germacrene-D (2.82%. Finally, obtained pomelo peel essential oil can be utilized as raw material to produce aromatherapy candle. Keywords: Aromatherapy candle, essential oils, microwave assisted hydrodistillation, pomelo peel.

  17. Integrative and complementary therapies for patients with advanced cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchand, Lucille

    2014-07-01

    In integrative medicine, well-being is emphasized, and in palliative care, quality of life (QOL) is a similar concept or goal. Both can occur despite advanced cancer. Integrative medicine serves to combine the best of alternative, complementary and conventional therapies to optimize well-being and QOL, whether or not a person is at the end of their life. When integrative medicine is combined with palliative care modalities, the toolbox to provide symptom control and well-being or QOL is increased or broadened. Palliative care and integrative medicine are best provided early in the trajectory of illness such as cancer, and increase in amount as the illness progresses toward end of life. In cancer care, symptoms of the cancer, as well as symptoms produced by cancer therapies, are addressed with conventional and integrative therapies. Goals of care change as the disease progresses, and a patient's unique situation creates a different balance of integrative and conventional therapies. Integrative therapies such as music, aromatherapy, and massage might appeal to more patients than more specific, less common integrative therapies that might be more expensive, or seem more unusual such as Ayurvedic medicine and energy modalities. Each person may be drawn to different integrative modalities depending on factors such as cultural traditions, beliefs, lifestyle, internet information, advice from family and friends, books, etc. This review focuses on how integrative and complementary modalities can be included in comprehensive palliative care for patients with advanced malignancies. Nutrition and movement, often neglected in conventional treatment strategies, will also be included in the larger context of integrative and palliative modalities. Both conventional and integrative modalities in palliative care help patients live with empowerment, hope, and well-being no matter how long their lives last. A comprehensive review of all integrative and complementary therapies is

  18. Can relaxation interventions reduce anxiety in patients receiving radiotherapy? outcomes and study validity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study piloted the use of three relaxation interventions in an attempt to reduce levels of anxiety in patients who are immobilised for radiotherapy treatment of head and neck cancers, as well as trying to validate the study methodology. In addition to receiving normal radiation therapy treatment, 14 patients were assigned to either a control group not receiving the relaxation intervention or one of three validated relaxation intervention techniques; music therapy, aromatherapy or guided imagery. Patients in the intervention groups underwent the relaxation technique daily for the first seven days of treatment. On days 1, 3, 5 and 7 of treatment patients were required to complete the State Anxiety Inventory survey. While caution should be taken in accepting the results due to the small numbers of patients involved in the study and the non-randomised assignment of patients within the study, the results of the study demonstrate a clinically significant reduction in anxiety levels in each of the three relaxation interventions compared to the control group. The study demonstrated good study validity due to the ease of implementation, the unambiguous results generated, and the use of already validated anxiety intersections and measurement tools. Copyright (2001) Australian Institute of Radiography

  19. Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry, and Bioactivities of Cananga odorata (Ylang-Ylang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loh Teng Hern Tan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Ylang-ylang (Cananga odorata Hook. F. & Thomson is one of the plants that are exploited at a large scale for its essential oil which is an important raw material for the fragrance industry. The essential oils extracted via steam distillation from the plant have been used mainly in cosmetic industry but also in food industry. Traditionally, C. odorata is used to treat malaria, stomach ailments, asthma, gout, and rheumatism. The essential oils or ylang-ylang oil is used in aromatherapy and is believed to be effective in treating depression, high blood pressure, and anxiety. Many phytochemical studies have identified the constituents present in the essential oils of C. odorata. A wide range of chemical compounds including monoterpene, sesquiterpenes, and phenylpropanoids have been isolated from this plant. Recent studies have shown a wide variety of bioactivities exhibited by the essential oils and the extracts of C. odorata including antimicrobial, antibiofilm, anti-inflammatory, antivector, insect-repellent, antidiabetic, antifertility and antimelanogenesis activities. Thus, the present review summarizes the information concerning the traditional uses, phytochemistry, and biological activities of C. odorata. This review is aimed at demonstrating that C. odorata not only is an important raw material for perfume industry but also considered as a prospective useful plant to agriculture and medicine.

  20. Alternative Therapies for the Prevention of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoicea, Nicoleta; Gan, Tong J.; Joseph, Nicholas; Uribe, Alberto; Pandya, Jyoti; Dalal, Rohan; Bergese, Sergio D.

    2015-01-01

    Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a complication affecting between 20 and 40% of all surgery patients, with high-risk patients experiencing rates of up to 80%. Recent studies and publications have shed light on the uses of alternative treatment for PONV through their modulation of endogenous opioid neuropeptides and neurokinin ligands. In addition to reducing PONV, hypnosis was reported to be useful in attenuating postoperative pain and anxiety, and contributing to hemodynamic stability. Music therapy has been utilized to deepen the sedation level and decrease patient anxiety, antiemetic and analgesic requirements, hospital length of stay, and fatigue. Isopropyl alcohol and peppermint oil aromatherapy have both been used to reduce postoperative nausea. With correct training in traditional Chinese healing techniques, acupuncture (APu) at the P6 acupoint has also been shown to be useful in preventing early PONV, postdischarge nausea and vomiting, and alleviating of pain. Electro-acupuncture (EAPu), as with APu, provided analgesic and antiemetic effects through release and modulation of opioid neuropeptides. These non-pharmacological modalities of treatment contribute to an overall patient wellbeing, assisting in physical and emotional healing. PMID:26734609

  1. Alternative Therapeutic Intervention for Individuals with Rett Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meir Lotan

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The individual with Rett syndrome (RS displays an array of challenging difficulties in all areas of daily living. Since there is no cure for the disorder at this moment, parents of the individual with Rett search for different interventional modalities that will improve the condition and quality of life for their child. During the last few years, many individuals with RS have experienced different kinds of interventions. This paper presents these methods with relevant case stories for others to share the possibilities. This paper reviews the following interventions: animal-assisted therapy, such as dolphin therapy and dog-assisted therapy; auditory integration training; hyperbaric chamber; manual therapy, such as acupuncture/acupressure, aromatherapy, craniosacral therapy, Mayo facial release, Treager massage, chiropractor, and Reiki; mental modification techniques, such as Lovas and cognitive rehabilitation; motoric interventions, such as advanced biomechanical rehabilitation, patterning/Doman-DeLacato approach, and yoga. The present paper is not a recommendation for any of the above-mentioned techniques, but merely a review of different interventions available for the inquisitive parent of the individual with RS.

  2. Complementary and Alternative Medicine Methods in Chronic Renal Failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeynep Erdogan

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Despite its long history, use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM methods has increased dramatically only after 1990s. Up to 57% of patients with chronic renal use CAM methods.These patienys use CAM methods to overcome hypertension, fatigue, constipation, leg edema, pain, cramps, anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, to cope with symptoms such as itching, to stop the progression of kidney disease and to improve their quality of life. Methods used are herbal products and food supplements, acupressure, acupuncture, homeopathy, exercise, aromatherapy, yoga and reflexology. Nephrotoxic effect of several CAM therapies used in patients with renal impairment could disturb hemodynamics by reducing the glomerular filtration rate. For this reason, health care providers should question patients about used of CAM, methods. Communication with patients should be clear and should not act judgmental. Health care personnel should learn more about CAM methods in order to avoid unwanted situations that could develop after the application of CAM methods. Patients should be informed correctly and scientifically about these methods to avoid harmful and unnecessary uses. [Archives Medical Review Journal 2014; 23(4.000: 770-786

  3. Suppression of neutrophil accumulation in mice by cutaneous application of geranium essential oil

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    Oshima Haruyuki

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous studies suggested that essential oils suppressed the adherence response of human neutrophils in vitro and that intraperitoneal application of geranium oil suppressed the neutrophil accumulation into peritoneal cavity in vivo. Usually, essential oils are applied through skin in aromatherapy in inflammatory symptoms. The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of cutaneous application of essential oils on the accumulation of neutrophils in inflammatory sites in skin of mice. Methods Inflammation with accumulation of inflammatory cells was induced by injection of curdlan, a (1→3-β-D-glucan in skin or peritoneal cavity of mice. Essential oils were applied cutaneously to the mice immediately and 3 hr after intradermal injection of curdlan. The skin with inflammatory lesion was cut off 6 hr after injection of curdlan, and the homogenates were used for myeloperoxidase (MPO: a marker enzyme of neutrophil granule assay. Results The MPO activity of the skin lesion induced by curdlan was suppressed dose-dependently by cutaneous application of geranium oil. Other oils such as lavender, eucalyptus and tea tree oils also suppressed the activity, but their activities seemed weaker than geranium. Juniper oil didn't suppress the activity Conclusion Cutaneous application of essential oils, especially geranium oil, can suppress the inflammatory symptoms with neutrophil accumulation and edema.

  4. The In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Lavandula angustifolia Essential Oil in Combination with Other Aroma-Therapeutic Oils

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    Stephanie de Rapper

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The antimicrobial activity of Lavandula angustifolia essential oil was assessed in combination with 45 other oils to establish possible interactive properties. The composition of the selected essential oils was confirmed using GC-MS with a flame ionization detector. The microdilution minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC assay was undertaken, whereby the fractional inhibitory concentration (ΣFIC was calculated for the oil combinations. When lavender oil was assayed in 1 : 1 ratios with other oils, synergistic (26.7%, additive (48.9%, non-interactive (23.7%, and antagonistic (0.7% interactions were observed. When investigating different ratios of the two oils in combination, the most favourable interactions were when L. angustifolia was combined with Cinnamomum zeylanicum or with Citrus sinensis, against C. albicans and S. aureus, respectively. In 1 : 1 ratios, 75.6% of the essential oils investigated showed either synergistic or additive results, lending in vitro credibility to the use of essential oil blends in aroma-therapeutic practices. Within the field of aromatherapy, essential oils are commonly employed in mixtures for the treatment of infectious diseases; however, very little evidence exists to support the use in combination. This study lends some credence to the concomitant use of essential oils blended with lavender.

  5. Unraveling the rat blood genome-wide transcriptome after oral administration of lavender oil by a two-color dye-swap DNA microarray approach

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    Motohide Hori

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Lavender oil (LO is a commonly used essential oil in aromatherapy as non-traditional medicine. With an aim to demonstrate LO effects on the body, we have recently established an animal model investigating the influence of orally administered LO in rat tissues, genome-wide. In this brief, we investigate the effect of LO ingestion in the blood of rat. Rats were administered LO at usual therapeutic dose (5 mg/kg in humans, and following collection of the venous blood from the heart and extraction of total RNA, the differentially expressed genes were screened using a 4 × 44-K whole-genome rat chip (Agilent microarray platform; Agilent Technologies, Palo Alto, CA, USA in conjunction with a two-color dye-swap approach. A total of 834 differentially expressed genes in the blood were identified: 362 up-regulated and 472 down-regulated. These genes were functionally categorized using bioinformatics tools. The gene expression inventory of rat blood transcriptome under LO, a first report, has been deposited into the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO: GSE67499. The data will be a valuable resource in examining the effects of natural products, and which could also serve as a human model for further functional analysis and investigation.

  6. Unraveling the rat blood genome-wide transcriptome after oral administration of lavender oil by a two-color dye-swap DNA microarray approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hori, Motohide; Kubo, Hiroko; Shibato, Junko; Saito, Tomomi; Ogawa, Tetsuo; Wakamori, Minoru; Masuo, Yoshinori; Shioda, Seiji; Rakwal, Randeep

    2016-06-01

    Lavender oil (LO) is a commonly used essential oil in aromatherapy as non-traditional medicine. With an aim to demonstrate LO effects on the body, we have recently established an animal model investigating the influence of orally administered LO in rat tissues, genome-wide. In this brief, we investigate the effect of LO ingestion in the blood of rat. Rats were administered LO at usual therapeutic dose (5 mg/kg) in humans, and following collection of the venous blood from the heart and extraction of total RNA, the differentially expressed genes were screened using a 4 × 44-K whole-genome rat chip (Agilent microarray platform; Agilent Technologies, Palo Alto, CA, USA) in conjunction with a two-color dye-swap approach. A total of 834 differentially expressed genes in the blood were identified: 362 up-regulated and 472 down-regulated. These genes were functionally categorized using bioinformatics tools. The gene expression inventory of rat blood transcriptome under LO, a first report, has been deposited into the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO): GSE67499. The data will be a valuable resource in examining the effects of natural products, and which could also serve as a human model for further functional analysis and investigation. PMID:27330992

  7. HEALTH AND NUTRITION FROM ORNAMENTALS

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    Sharma Yashaswini

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Ornamental plants are grown for decorative purposes in gardens and landscape design projects, as house plants, for cut flowers and specimen display. Ornamentals and flower crops are not only grown for the display of aesthetic features, but also have some nutritive and medicinal properties. There has been renewed interest in utilizing garden environments as thera¬peutic entities to enhance the process of healing that occurs in healthcare environments. By minimizing the stress response, therapeutic gardens can promote re¬covery from illness or preserve health. From centuries roses have been valued for their culinary, medicinal, cosmetic and aromatic properties. Flower crops like Hibiscus, Plumbago, Periwinckle, and Lotus are highly valued for their medicinal use as in cosmetics, skin disorders, cancer etc. ornamental tree species like Palash, Amaltas, Bauhinia, Asoca, Kadamba are used in traditional Ayurvedic of medicines. Many of the flower crops such as nasturtium, hibiscus, rose, cosmos, and chrysanthemum are rich in minerals and vitamins, used as edible flowers. Some of the flowers like rose, jasmine, lavender and tuberose are used for extraction of essential oils. They are having soothing and curative properties and are used in aromatherapy. An attempt was made to collect the reviews on the therapeutic properties of these ornamentals.

  8. Effect of lavender essence inhalation on the level of anxiety and blood cortisol in candidates for open-heart surgery

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    Hosseini, SeyedAbedin; Heydari, Alemeh; Vakili, MohammadAli; Moghadam, Shahram; Tazyky, SadeghAli

    2016-01-01

    Background: Surgery, as a treatment, is a stressful experience. The anxiety is more severe in open-heart surgery patients due to its risk and complications. The present study aimed to determine the effect of lavender essence on the levels of anxiety and blood cortisol in candidates for open-heart surgery. Materials and Methods: This was a single-blind clinical trial, a random allocation study with a control group conducted on 90 candidates for open-heart surgery in two groups of study and control. The study and control groups inhaled two drops of lavender and distilled water for 20 min, respectively. Spielberger questionnaire was filled by the patients. A 2 ml blood sample was taken to measure the cortisol level and patients’ vital signs were recorded before and after intervention. Data were analyzed by chi-square in the form of mean, SD, and frequency distribution, independent t-test, paired t-test, and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), with a significance level of P = 0.05 to modify the pre-test scores. Results: Results showed a significant reduction in mean anxiety score from 56.73 (5.67) to 54.73 (5.42) after intervention in the study group, compared to the control group [1.11 (1.17)] (P lavender. Conclusions: Results showed the positive effect of lavender essence on anxiety and blood cortisol level among the patients. Aromatherapy with lavender is suggested to be considered as a nursing intervention in clinical settings. PMID:27563324

  9. Comparative Study of Volatile Compounds from Genus Ocimum

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    S. R. Vani

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available There are distinct varieties of basil types in the genus Ocimum which makes them very special. Genus Ocimum is widespread over Asia, Africa and Central & Southern America. All basils are member of the Lamiaceae family. The colors of the leaves vary from bright green to purple-green and sometimes almost black. Fresh basil leaves have a strong and characteristic aroma, not comparable to any other spice, although there is a hint of clove traceable. Ocimum Sanctum, also addressed as Ocimum Tenuiflorum is a sacred plant in the Hindu culture and known as Tulasi in Tamil or Holy Basil in English. Meanwhile Ocimum Basilicum, known as Common or Sweet Basil has very dark green leaves. The genus Ocimum is cultivated for its remarkable essential oil which exhibits many usages such as in medicinal application, herbs, culinary, perfume for herbal toiletries, aromatherapy treatment and as flavoring agent. Due to varying essential oil profiles even within the same species, plants may often be classified as a different species as a result of different scents. In the present study, volatile constituents of Ocimum Sanctum and Ocimum Basilicum were extracted using various solvents and their chemical constituents were identified and quantified by using GC-MS in optimized conditions. The profiles of extract from both species were compared in an effort to investigate effects of seasonal variation on their chemical compositions. The predominant species in Ocimum Sanctum and Ocimum Basilicum was found to be methyl eugenol and methyl chavicol, respectively, during different months of analysis.

  10. Alternative therapeutic intervention for individuals with Rett syndrome.

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    Lotan, Meir

    2007-01-01

    The individual with Rett syndrome (RS) displays an array of challenging difficulties in all areas of daily living. Since there is no cure for the disorder at this moment, parents of the individual with Rett search for different interventional modalities that will improve the condition and quality of life for their child. During the last few years, many individuals with RS have experienced different kinds of interventions. This paper presents these methods with relevant case stories for others to share the possibilities. This paper reviews the following interventions: animal-assisted therapy, such as dolphin therapy and dog-assisted therapy; auditory integration training; hyperbaric chamber; manual therapy, such as acupuncture/acupressure, aromatherapy, craniosacral therapy, Mayo facial release, Treager massage, chiropractor, and Reiki; mental modification techniques, such as Lovas and cognitive rehabilitation; motoric interventions, such as advanced biomechanical rehabilitation, patterning/Doman-DeLacato approach, and yoga. The present paper is not a recommendation for any of the above-mentioned techniques, but merely a review of different interventions available for the inquisitive parent of the individual with RS. PMID:17619753

  11. Biotransformation of myrcene by Pseudomonas aeruginosa

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    Hashemi Elham

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dihydrolinalool and terpineol are sources of fragrances that provide a unique volatile terpenoid alcohol of low toxicity and thus are widely used in the perfumery industry, in folk medicine, and in aromatherapy. They are important chemical constituents of the essential oil of many plants. Previous studies have concerned the biotransformation of limonene by Pseudomonas putida. The objective of this research was to study biotransformation of myrcene by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The culture preparation was done using such variables as different microbial methods and incubation periods to obtain maximum cells of P. aeruginosa for myrcene biotransformation. Results It was found that myrcene was converted to dihydrolinalool and 2,6-dimethyloctane in high percentages. The biotransformation products were identified by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR, ultraviolet (UV analysis, gas chromatography (GC, and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS. Comparison of the different incubation times showed that 3 days was more effective, the major products being 2,6-dimethyloctane (90.0% and α-terpineol (7.7% and comprising 97.7%. In contrast, the main compounds derived for an incubation time of 1.5 days were dihydrolinalool (79.5% and 2,6-dimethyloctane (9.3%, with a total yield of 88.8%.

  12. An In Vitro System Comprising Immortalized Hypothalamic Neuronal Cells (GT1–7 Cells for Evaluation of the Neuroendocrine Effects of Essential Oils

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    Dai Mizuno

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aromatherapy and plant-based essential oils are widely used as complementary and alternative therapies for symptoms including anxiety. Furthermore, it was reportedly effective for the care of several diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease and depressive illness. To investigate the pharmacological effects of essential oils, we developed an in vitro assay system using immortalized hypothalamic neuronal cells (GT1–7 cells. In this study, we evaluated the effects of essential oils on neuronal death induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2, aluminum, zinc, or the antagonist of estrogen receptor (tamoxifen. Among tests of various essential oils, we found that H2O2-induced neuronal death was attenuated by the essential oils of damask rose, eucalyptus, fennel, geranium, ginger, kabosu, mandarin, myrrh, and neroli. Damask rose oil had protective effects against aluminum-induced neurotoxicity, while geranium and rosemary oil showed protective activity against zinc-induced neurotoxicity. In contrast, geranium oil and ginger oil enhanced the neurotoxicity of tamoxifen. Our in vitro assay system could be useful for the neuropharmacological and endocrine pharmacological studies of essential oils.

  13. Alternative Therapies for the Prevention of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting

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    Nicoleta eStoicea

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV is a complication affecting between 20% and 40% of all surgery patients, with high-risk patients experiencing rates of up to 80%. Recent studies and publications have shed light on the uses of alternative treatment for PONV, through their modulation of endogenous opioid neuropeptides and neurokinin ligands. In addition to reducing PONV, hypnosis was reported to be useful in attenuating postoperative pain, anxiety, and contributing to hemodynamic stability. Music therapy has been utilized to deepen the sedation level and decrease patient anxiety, antiemetic and analgesic requirements, hospital length of stay, and fatigue. Isopropyl alcohol and peppermint oil aromatherapy have both been used to reduce postoperative nausea. With correct training in traditional Chinese healing techniques, acupuncture (APu at the P6 acupoint has also been shown to be useful in preventing early PONV, post-discharge nausea and vomiting, and alleviating of pain. Electro-acupuncture (EAPu, as with APu, provided analgesic and antiemetic effects through release of opioid neuropeptides and modulation. These non-pharmacological modalities of treatment contribute to an overall patient wellbeing, assisting in physical and emotional healing.

  14. De Novo Sequencing and Analysis of Lemongrass Transcriptome Provide First Insights into the Essential Oil Biosynthesis of Aromatic Grasses

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    Meena, Seema; Kumar, Sarma R.; Venkata Rao, D. K.; Dwivedi, Varun; Shilpashree, H. B.; Rastogi, Shubhra; Shasany, Ajit K.; Nagegowda, Dinesh A.

    2016-01-01

    Aromatic grasses of the genus Cymbopogon (Poaceae family) represent unique group of plants that produce diverse composition of monoterpene rich essential oils, which have great value in flavor, fragrance, cosmetic, and aromatherapy industries. Despite the commercial importance of these natural aromatic oils, their biosynthesis at the molecular level remains unexplored. As the first step toward understanding the essential oil biosynthesis, we performed de novo transcriptome assembly and analysis of C. flexuosus (lemongrass) by employing Illumina sequencing. Mining of transcriptome data and subsequent phylogenetic analysis led to identification of terpene synthases, pyrophosphatases, alcohol dehydrogenases, aldo-keto reductases, carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases, alcohol acetyltransferases, and aldehyde dehydrogenases, which are potentially involved in essential oil biosynthesis. Comparative essential oil profiling and mRNA expression analysis in three Cymbopogon species (C. flexuosus, aldehyde type; C. martinii, alcohol type; and C. winterianus, intermediate type) with varying essential oil composition indicated the involvement of identified candidate genes in the formation of alcohols, aldehydes, and acetates. Molecular modeling and docking further supported the role of identified protein sequences in aroma formation in Cymbopogon. Also, simple sequence repeats were found in the transcriptome with many linked to terpene pathway genes including the genes potentially involved in aroma biosynthesis. This work provides the first insights into the essential oil biosynthesis of aromatic grasses, and the identified candidate genes and markers can be a great resource for biotechnological and molecular breeding approaches to modulate the essential oil composition. PMID:27516768

  15. Fertilization and colors of plastic mulch affect biomass and essential oil of sweet-scented geranium.

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    Silva, Anderson de Carvalho; Blank, Arie Fitzgerald; dos Santos, Wallace Melo; Prata, Paloma Santana; Alves, Péricles Barreto; Arrigoni-Blank, Maria de Fátima

    2014-01-01

    Sweet-scented geranium (Pelargonium graveolens L'Hér), a plant belonging to the Geraniaceae family, has medicinal and aromatic properties and is widely used in the cosmetic, soap, perfume, aromatherapy, and food industries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of fertilization and the use of different colors of plastic mulch on sweet-scented geranium biomass and essential oil. Three colors of plastic mulch (black, white, and silver-colored) and a control without plastic mulch were assessed along with three fertilizers (20,000 L · ha(-1) of cattle manure; 1,000 kg · ha(-1) of NPK 3-12-6; and 20,000 L · ha(-1) of cattle manure + 1,000 kg · ha(-1) of NPK 3-12-6 fertilizer) and a control without fertilizer. The absence of a soil cover negatively influenced the agronomical variables, while coverage with plastic mulch was associated with increased biomass. The use of fertilizer had no effect on the evaluated agronomic variables. When cattle manure and NPK 3-12-6 were used together, combined with white or black plastic mulch, the highest yields of essential oil were obtained. For the silver-colored plastic mulch, higher amounts of essential oil (6,9-guaiadien) were obtained with mineral fertilizer. PMID:24757440

  16. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial activities of Salvia tomentosa Mill. essential oil

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    ANDREY MARCHEV

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Chemical composition and bioactivity of essential oil from Salvia tomentosa Mill. natively grown in Bulgaria were investigated. GC-MS analysis identified 60 compounds which represented 98% of the oil constituents. The prevalent constituents were monoterpenes with eight dominant compounds being identified: borneol (10.3%, β-pinene (9%, camphor (7.9%, α-pinene (6%, camphene (4%, 1.8-cineole (3.8%, α-limonene (3.5% and β-caryophyllene (3%. The essential oil showed considerable acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity (IC50=0.28±0.06 µg/mL, comparable with that of galanthamine. Study of antioxidant activity strongly suggested that the hydrogen atom transfer reaction was preferable over the electron transfer (ORAC=175.0±0.40 µM Trolox equivalents/g oil and FRAP=1.45±0.21 mM Trolox equivalents/g oil. The essential oil showed moderate antifungal and antibacterial activities against Candida albicans and Gram-positive bacteria, whereas it was almost inactive against the investigated Gram-negative strains. The results suggested that the essential oil of Bulgarian S. tomentosa could be considered as a prospective active ingredient for prevention of oxidative stress-related and neurodegenerative disorders in aromatherapy. Because of the high antioxidant capacity, the oil could be considered as natural supplement or antioxidant in cosmetics and food products.

  17. A Comprehensive Review on the Phytochemical Constituents and Pharmacological Activities of Pogostemon cablin Benth.: An Aromatic Medicinal Plant of Industrial Importance

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    Mallappa Kumara Swamy

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Pogostemon cablin Benth. (patchouli is an important herb which possesses many therapeutic properties and is widely used in the fragrance industries. In traditional medicinal practices, it is used to treat colds, headaches, fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, insect and snake bites. In aromatherapy, patchouli oil is used to relieve depression, stress, calm nerves, control appetite and to improve sexual interest. Till now more than 140 compounds, including terpenoids, phytosterols, flavonoids, organic acids, lignins, alkaloids, glycosides, alcohols, aldehydes have been isolated and identified from patchouli. The main phytochemical compounds are patchouli alcohol, α-patchoulene, β-patchoulene, α-bulnesene, seychellene, norpatchoulenol, pogostone, eugenol and pogostol. Modern studies have revealed several biological activities such as antioxidant, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiplatelet, antithrombotic, aphrodisiac, antidepressant, antimutagenic, antiemetic, fibrinolytic and cytotoxic activities. However, some of the traditional uses need to be verified and may require standardizing and authenticating the bioactivity of purified compounds through scientific methods. The aim of the present review is to provide comprehensive knowledge on the phytochemistry and pharmacological activities of essential oil and different plant extracts of patchouli based on the available scientific literature. This information will provide a potential guide in exploring the use of main active compounds of patchouli in various medical fields.

  18. A Comprehensive Review on the Phytochemical Constituents and Pharmacological Activities of Pogostemon cablin Benth.: An Aromatic Medicinal Plant of Industrial Importance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swamy, Mallappa Kumara; Sinniah, Uma Rani

    2015-01-01

    Pogostemon cablin Benth. (patchouli) is an important herb which possesses many therapeutic properties and is widely used in the fragrance industries. In traditional medicinal practices, it is used to treat colds, headaches, fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, insect and snake bites. In aromatherapy, patchouli oil is used to relieve depression, stress, calm nerves, control appetite and to improve sexual interest. Till now more than 140 compounds, including terpenoids, phytosterols, flavonoids, organic acids, lignins, alkaloids, glycosides, alcohols, aldehydes have been isolated and identified from patchouli. The main phytochemical compounds are patchouli alcohol, α-patchoulene, β-patchoulene, α-bulnesene, seychellene, norpatchoulenol, pogostone, eugenol and pogostol. Modern studies have revealed several biological activities such as antioxidant, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiplatelet, antithrombotic, aphrodisiac, antidepressant, antimutagenic, antiemetic, fibrinolytic and cytotoxic activities. However, some of the traditional uses need to be verified and may require standardizing and authenticating the bioactivity of purified compounds through scientific methods. The aim of the present review is to provide comprehensive knowledge on the phytochemistry and pharmacological activities of essential oil and different plant extracts of patchouli based on the available scientific literature. This information will provide a potential guide in exploring the use of main active compounds of patchouli in various medical fields. PMID:25985355

  19. Smelling lavender and rosemary increases free radical scavenging activity and decreases cortisol level in saliva.

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    Atsumi, Toshiko; Tonosaki, Keiichi

    2007-02-28

    Free radicals/reactive oxygen species are related to many biological phenomena such as inflammation, aging, and carcinogenesis. The body possesses various antioxidative systems (free radical scavenging activity, FRSA) for preventing oxidative stress, and saliva contains such activity. In the present study, we measured the total salivary FRSA induced after the smelling of lavender and rosemary essential oils that are widely used in aromatherapy. Various physiologically active substances in saliva such as cortisol, secretory IgA, and alpha-amylase activity were found to be correlated with aroma-induced FRSA. The subjects (22 healthy volunteers) sniffed aroma for 5 min, and each subject's saliva was collected immediately. FRSA was measured using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl. The FRSA values were increased by stimulation with low concentrations (1000 times dilution) of lavender or by high-concentrations (10 times dilution) of rosemary. In contrast, both lavender and rosemary stimulations decreased cortisol levels. A significant inverse correlation was observed between the FRSA values and the cortisol levels with each concentration of rosemary stimulation. No significant changes were noted in sIgA or alpha-amylase. These findings clarify that lavender and rosemary enhance FRSA and decrease the stress hormone, cortisol, which protects the body from oxidative stress. PMID:17291597

  20. Knowledge and attitudes towards complementary and alternative medicine among medical students in Turkey

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    Akan Hulya

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective This study aims to examine knowledge and attitudes towards Complementary and Alternative Medicine among medical students in Turkey, and find out whether they want to be trained in Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out between October and December 2010 among medical students. Data were collected from a total of seven medical schools. Findings The study included 943 medical students. The most well known methods among the students were herbal treatment (81.2 %, acupuncture (80.8 %, hypnosis (78.8 %, body-based practices including massage (77 % and meditation (65.2 %, respectively. Acupuncture, aromatherapy, herbal treatment and meditation were better known among female participants compared to males (p  Conclusions Majority of the medical students were familiar with the CAM methods widely used in Turkey, while most of them had positive attitudes towards CAM as well as willingness to receive training on the subject, and they were likely to recommend CAM methods to their patients in their future professional lives. With its gradual scientific development and increasing popularity, there appears a need for a coordinated policy in integrating CAM into the medical curriculum, by taking expectations of and feedback from medical students into consideration in setting educational standards.

  1. No alternative? The regulation and professionalization of complementary and alternative medicine in the United Kingdom.

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    Clarke, David B; Doel, Marcus A; Segrott, Jeremy

    2004-12-01

    In conjunction with its growing popularity, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in the United Kingdom has witnessed increasing professionalization, partly prompted by the landmark Parliamentary Inquiry that reported in November 2000. Professionalization has become a significant strategy for practitioner associations and a key focus for the government, media, and patient groups. It is being driven by concern over the interests of patients and consumers, and in relation to the possible integration of certain forms of CAM into publicly funded healthcare. It is, moreover, being reconfigured in explicitly national terms. This paper draws on research into practitioner associations representing nine CAM modalities in the UK-aromatherapy, Chinese herbal medicine, chiropractic, crystal healing, feng shui, 'lay' homeopathy, medical homeopathy, osteopathy, and Radionics-, examining the recent wave of professionalization in relation to Foucault's concern with 'techniques of the self.' It highlights the contrasting experience of an association of Chinese herbalists seeking statutory self-regulation (SSR) and an association of chiropractors that was instrumental in securing SSR for chiropractic. PMID:15491893

  2. Effect of Inhalation of Aroma of Geranium Essence on Anxiety and Physiological Parameters during First Stage of Labor in Nulliparous Women: a Randomized Clinical Trial

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    Fahimeh Rashidi Fakari

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Anxiety increases significantly during labor, especially among nulliparous women. Such anxiety may affect the progress of labor and physiological parameters. The use of essential oils of aromatic plants, or aromatherapy, is a non-invasive procedure that can decrease childbirth anxiety. This study examined the effect of inhalation of the aroma of geranium essential oil on the level of anxiety and physiological parameters of nulliparous women in the first stage of labor. Methods: In study, was carried out on 100 nulliparous women admitted to Bent al-Hoda Hospital in the city of Bojnord in North Khorasan province of Iran during 2012-2013. The women were randomly assigned to two groups of equal size, one experimental group (geranium essential oil and one control (placebo group. Anxiety levels were measured using Spielberger’s questionnaire before and after intervention. Physiological parameters (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, respiratory rate, pulse rate were also measured before and after intervention in both groups. Data analysis was conducted using the x2 test, paired t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Wilcox on test on SPSS 11.5. Results: The mean anxiety score decreased significantly after inhalation of the aroma of geranium essential oil. There was also a significant decrease in diastolic blood pressure.Conclusion: Aroma of essential oil of geraniums can effectively reduce anxiety during labor and can be recommended as a non-invasive anti-anxiety aid during childbirth.

  3. Dermatoses due to indian cultural practices

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    Divya Gupta

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A wide prevalence of socio-religious and cultural practices in the Asian subcontinent often leads to multitude of skin diseases which may be missed by the dermatologists because of a lack of awareness. ′Henna′ use causes IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reactions and contact dermatitis. ′Kumkum′ application can result in pigmented contact dermatitis and lichen planus pigmentosus. Sticker ′bindis′ and ′alta′ induce contact leukoderma. Irritant and allergic contact dermatitis occurs after playing with ′Holi′ colors. Threading and drawstring dermatitis lead to koebnerization of pre-existing dermatoses, infections and even squamous cell carcinoma of skin. Mild irritant reactions and contact sensitization occur secondary to balm and hair oil use. ′Mudichood′ represents the comedogenic effect of hair oils combined with occlusion and humidity. Aromatherapy oils can cause contact dermatitis and photosensitive reactions. Heavy metal and steroid toxicity along with severe cutaneous adverse effects like erythroderma can occur as a consequent to the use of alternative medicines. Squamous cell carcinoma due to chronic heat exposure from the heating device "kangri" is seen in Kashmiris. Prayer nodules in Muslims and traction alopecia in Sikhs illustrate how religious practices can negatively affect the skin. With increasing globalization and migration, the practice of indigenous customs and traditions is no longer limited to regional territories, making it imperative for the dermatologists to be acquainted with the cutaneous side effects they can cause.

  4. Anti-acetylcholinesterase and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Hedychium gardnerianum Sheppard ex Ker-Gawl

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    José Silvino Rosa

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Acetylcholinesterase inhibition, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of Hedychium gardnerianum leaf essential oils from S. Miguel Island were determined. All the oils inhibited acetylcholinesterase, with IC50 values of approximately 1 mg/mL, showing no statistical differences between collection sites. Three oils presented mixed inhibition, whilst one was almost truly competitive. This activity can be attributed to the presence of sesquiterpenes, which constituted more than 60% of the composition of the oils. Regarding the antioxidant activity as measured by the DPPH method, all the oils presented activities similar to reference compounds, although with statistical differences between collection sites. Cytotoxicity measured using Artemia salina classified these oils as moderately toxic, with LC50 values ranging from 300 to 500 µg/mL. These results indicate a possible application of these oils in aromatherapy as coadjuvants in the treatment of cognitive diseases such as Alzheimer, since they may contribute to increase acetylcholine in cholinergic neurons and simultaneously fight deleterious oxidations responsible by neurological degeneration.

  5. Essential Oils May Lead α-Synuclein towards Toxic Fibrils Formation

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    Dina Morshedi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available α-Synuclein (α-Syn fibrillation links with Parkinson’s disease (PD and several related syndromes. It is believed that exposure to the factors which promote fibrillation may induce and progress such neurodegenerative diseases (NDs. Herein, the effects of some wildly used essential oils including Myrtus communis (M. communis on α-Syn fibrillation were examined. M. communis particularly increased α-Syn fibrillation in a concentration dependent manner. Given that applications of M. communis are very extensive in Asian societies, especially Zoroastrians, this study was extended towards its role on α-Syn fibrillation/cytotoxicity. By using a unilamellar vesicle, it was shown that the aggregated species with tendency to perturb membrane were increased in the presence of M. communis. In this regard, the cytotoxicity of α-Syn on SH-SH5Y cells was also increased significantly. Inappropriately, the effects of fibrillation inhibitors, baicalein and cuminaldehyde, were modulated in the presence of M. communis. However, major components of M. communis did not induce fibrillation and also the effect of M. communis was limited on other fibrinogenic proteins. Assuming that essential oils have the ability to pass through the blood brain barrier (BBB along with the popular attention on aromatherapy for the incurable ND, these findings suggest an implementation of fibrillation tests for essential oils.

  6. REVIEW ON ALTERNATIVE THERAPY IN HEALTH AND MEDICINE

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    G. H. Shinde, T. M. Kalyankar* and M. S. Attar

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The phrase alternative therapy is used to explain a wide range of treatments which, generally, are not available from conventional doctors. It may be diverse for different diseases. The Alternative therapy focuses on the many things from diet to exercise and lifestyle. Many people suffering from disease are looking for the management of diseases with the help of alternative therapies. According to physicians, most of the alternative therapies started with clinical observation or scientific research. These therapies include yoga, aromatherapy, massage, hypnosis, biofeedback, herbal remedies and many others. The main advantage of these therapies is to treat the basic cause of disease and health related problems or to support the conventional therapies. Not only are the variety of alternative therapies measured to be safe and effective, they also deal individuals a wide variety of health therapy that simply do not exist through conventional treatment. This article focuses on different alternative therapies with their benefits in conventional therapies which can promise ultimate answers to treat the diseases.

  7. COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE (CAM THERAPIES FOR MANAGEMENT OF PAIN RELATED TO ENDOMETRIOSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panda Roshni

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Endometriosis is a gynaecological disease with a complex etiology. It is associated with severe pelvic pain, sub fertility and reduced quality of life. Endometriosis has a multifactorial etiology and therefore its management is also multidimensional. The main targets of therapy are controlling of the pain symptoms and increasing fertility where it is desired. Hormonal and surgical therapies are the two major treatment modalities available currently. But they are not without their side effects. Therefore many women explore Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM forms of treatment for symptomatic relief from pain. These CAM therapies have been used as an adjuvant to conventional therapy or as an independent form of treatment. CAM therapies are purported to have lesser side effects as compared to conventional medical formulations. Ancient Chinese and Indian medicine system have laid the foundation of several of the prevalent Cam practices. The following CAM practices have been discussed in the article-Acupuncture, Herbal therapy, Meditation and Hypnotherapy, Yoga, Exercise, Dietary therapy Aromatherapy and Massage, Reiki, Magnet therapy and Chiropractice. Randomized Clinical Trials (RCT have been conducted for some of the CAM therapies in Endometriosis and Acupuncture and Herbal and Dietary therapies have been found to have some positive effect on the patients. The efficacy of CAM therapies still needs substantial evidence to be integrated into general healthcare practices.

  8. Neurite Outgrowth of PC12 Mutant Cells Induced by Orange Oil and d-Limonene via the p38 MAPK Pathway

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    Shinomiya,Misae

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available We studied the effects of natural essential oil on neurite outgrowth in PC12m3 neuronal cells to elucidate the mechanism underlying the action of the oils used in aromatherapy. Neurite outgrowth can be induced by nerve growth factor (NGF, where ERK and p38 MAPK among MAPK pathways play important roles in activating intracellular signal transduction. In this study, we investigated whether d-limonene, the major component of essential oils from oranges, can promote neurite outgrowth in PC12m3 cells, in which neurite outgrowth can be induced by various physical stimulations. We also examined by which pathways, the ERK, p38 MAPK or JNK pathway, d-limonene acts on PC12m3 cells. Our results showed that neurite outgrowth can be induced when the cells are treated with d-limonene. After treatment with d-limonene, we observed that p38 MAPK is strongly activated in PC12m3 cells, while ERK is weakly activated. In contrast, JNK shows little activity. A study using an inhibitor of p38 MAPK revealed that neurite outgrowth in PC12m3 cells is induced via the activation of p38 MAPK by d-limonene. The results thus indicate that d-limonene may promote neural cell differentiation mainly via activation of the p38 MAPK pathway.

  9. Fertilization and Colors of Plastic Mulch Affect Biomass and Essential Oil of Sweet-Scented Geranium

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    Anderson de Carvalho Silva

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Sweet-scented geranium (Pelargonium graveolens L’Hér, a plant belonging to the Geraniaceae family, has medicinal and aromatic properties and is widely used in the cosmetic, soap, perfume, aromatherapy, and food industries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of fertilization and the use of different colors of plastic mulch on sweet-scented geranium biomass and essential oil. Three colors of plastic mulch (black, white, and silver-colored and a control without plastic mulch were assessed along with three fertilizers (20,000 L·ha−1 of cattle manure; 1,000 kg·ha−1 of NPK 3-12-6; and 20,000 L·ha−1 of cattle manure + 1,000 kg·ha−1 of NPK 3-12-6 fertilizer and a control without fertilizer. The absence of a soil cover negatively influenced the agronomical variables, while coverage with plastic mulch was associated with increased biomass. The use of fertilizer had no effect on the evaluated agronomic variables. When cattle manure and NPK 3-12-6 were used together, combined with white or black plastic mulch, the highest yields of essential oil were obtained. For the silver-colored plastic mulch, higher amounts of essential oil (6,9-guaiadien were obtained with mineral fertilizer.

  10. Cytotoxic activity of the essential oil of Salvia verticillata L.

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    N. Khosravi Dehaghi

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Salvia is one of the largest genera of  Lamiaceae family. Several species of this genus are perfumed and wealthy in essential oils. Some of them are used in industry, pharmacy and aromatherapy. They have shown different biological effects such as antibacterial and antioxidant activity. For the present study, Salvia verticillata L. was collected from Shahrestanak, Mazandaran, Iran. Hydrodistilled essential oil from the aerial parts of this plant was obtained with a Clevenger type  apparatus  and was analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Moreover, the cytotoxic activity of the essential oil was investigated against HT-29 (colon adenocarcinoma, Caco-2 (colorectal adenocarcinoma, T-47D (breast ductal carcinoma and NIH-3T3 (Swiss mouse embryo fibroblast cell lines by MTT test. 59 components were characterized from the oil with trans-caryophyllene (24.40%, β-phellandrene (9.08%, α-humulene (8.61%, bicyclogermacrene (6.32%, spathulenol (5.89% and β-pinene (5.00% as the major constituents. These compounds represented 97.67% of the essential oil and included monoterpenes (34.83% and sesquiterpens (61.84%. The results of the cytotoxicity assay demonstrated that the essential oil of S. verticillata showed higher cytotoxic effect on Caco-2 cell line.

  11. Functional characterization of terpene synthases and chemotypic variation in three lavender species of section Stoechas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benabdelkader, Tarek; Guitton, Yann; Pasquier, Bernard; Magnard, Jean Louis; Jullien, Frédéric; Kameli, Abdelkrim; Legendre, Laurent

    2015-01-01

    Lavandula pedunculata (Mill.) Cav. subsp. lusitanica, Lavandula stoechas L. subsp. stoechas and Lavandula viridis l'Hér. are three lavender taxa that belong to the botanical section Stoechas and are widely used as aromatherapy, culinary herb or folk medicine in many Mediterranean regions. The analysis of their bioactive volatile constituents revealed the presence of 124 substances, the most abundant being the bicyclic monoterpenes fenchone, camphor and 1,8-cineole that give these three species their respective chemotypes. Most noteworthy was fenchone which, with its reduced form fenchol, made 48% of the total volatile constituents of L. pedunculata while present at 2.9% in L. stoechas and undetectable in L. viridis. In order to provide a molecular explanation to the differences in volatile compounds of these three species, two monoterpene synthases (monoTPS) and one sesquiterpene synthase (sesquiTPS) were cloned in L. pedunculata and functionally characterized as fenchol synthase (LpFENS), α-pinene synthase (LpPINS) and germacrene A synthase (LpGEAS). The two other lavender species contained a single orthologous gene for each of these three classes of TPS with similar enzyme product specificities. Expression profiles of FENS and PINS genes matched the accumulation profile of the enzyme products unlike GEAS. This study provides one of the rare documented cases of chemotype modification during plant speciation via changes in the level of plant TPS gene expression, and not functionality. PMID:24943828

  12. Complexation of estragole as pure compound and as main component of basil and tarragon essential oils with cyclodextrins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kfoury, Miriana; Auezova, Lizette; Ruellan, Steven; Greige-Gerges, Hélène; Fourmentin, Sophie

    2015-03-15

    Inclusion complexes of estragole (ES) as pure compound and as main component of basil and tarragon essential oils (EOs) with α-cyclodextrin (α-CD), β-cyclodextrin (β-CD), hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD), randomly methylated-β-cyclodextrin (RAMEB), a low methylated-β-cyclodextrin (CRYSMEB) and γ-cyclodextrin (γ-CD) were characterized. Formation constants (Kf) of the complexes were determined in aqueous solution by nonlinear regression analysis using static headspace gas chromatography (SH-GC) and UV-visible spectroscopy. Solid inclusion complexes were prepared by the freeze-drying method for different CD:ES molar ratios and were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Inclusion complexes formation allowed the controlled release of ES. Moreover, increased DPPH radical scavenging activity and photostability of ES and ES containing EOs (ESEOs) were observed in the presence of CDs. These findings suggest that encapsulation with CDs could be an efficient tool to improve the use of ES and ESEOs in aromatherapy, cosmetic and food fields. PMID:25542121

  13. Essential Oils May Lead α-Synuclein towards Toxic Fibrils Formation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morshedi, Dina; Nasouti, Mahour

    2016-01-01

    α-Synuclein (α-Syn) fibrillation links with Parkinson's disease (PD) and several related syndromes. It is believed that exposure to the factors which promote fibrillation may induce and progress such neurodegenerative diseases (NDs). Herein, the effects of some wildly used essential oils including Myrtus communis (M. communis) on α-Syn fibrillation were examined. M. communis particularly increased α-Syn fibrillation in a concentration dependent manner. Given that applications of M. communis are very extensive in Asian societies, especially Zoroastrians, this study was extended towards its role on α-Syn fibrillation/cytotoxicity. By using a unilamellar vesicle, it was shown that the aggregated species with tendency to perturb membrane were increased in the presence of M. communis. In this regard, the cytotoxicity of α-Syn on SH-SH5Y cells was also increased significantly. Inappropriately, the effects of fibrillation inhibitors, baicalein and cuminaldehyde, were modulated in the presence of M. communis. However, major components of M. communis did not induce fibrillation and also the effect of M. communis was limited on other fibrinogenic proteins. Assuming that essential oils have the ability to pass through the blood brain barrier (BBB) along with the popular attention on aromatherapy for the incurable ND, these findings suggest an implementation of fibrillation tests for essential oils. PMID:27313947

  14. Estimation of the environmental effect of natural volatile organic compounds from Chamaecyparis obtusa and their effect on atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Hyun; Ahn, Changhwan; Choi, In-Gyu; Choi, Won-Sil; Park, Mi-Jin; Lee, Sung-Suk; Choi, Don-Ha; Jeung, Eui-Bae

    2015-07-01

    Aromatherapy has been suggested as an alternative therapeutic method for the treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD), eczema and other skin diseases. In the current study, the anti-atopic properties of the volatile organic compounds of Chamaecyparis obtusa (VOCCo) were examined to determine whether they are amenable for use as a pharmaceutical candidate. The alterations in histological features, serum IgE levels and mast cell infiltration following exposure to VOCCo were determined in a 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-induced AD-like mouse model. The results of these experiments demonstrated that VOCCo inhibited the development of AD-like skin lesions by reducing the serum IgE level and mast cell infiltration into the dermal and subcutaneous layers. This was supported by screening of immune cytokine mRNAs, including interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6 from the skin of DNCB-treated mice. The expression of IL-1β and IL-6 in the skin lesions of mice was dose-dependently inhibited by treatment with VOCCo. Furthermore, treatment with VOCCo resulted in the recovery of histopathological features in AD-like skin lesions. These results suggest that VOCCo may have therapeutic and preventive effects for the development of AD. PMID:25760811

  15. The Effect of Curanderismo on Chronic Non-malignant Pain: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Laura; Gonzales, Erin; Corbin, Lisa

    2016-01-01

    This case study describes the effects of the use of curanderismo, an indigenous healing modality combining techniques in massage, sound, and aromatherapy, on a patient with chronic pain. Despite being a commonly used health practice in certain populations, little is reported in the medical literature about the use of curanderismo. Case report as part of a larger randomized trial of curanderismo for chronic pain. Setting was a community-based hospital affiliated primary care clinic. An adult patient with chronic, opioid dependent back pain following an injury, and subsequent spinal fusion was treated. Intervention was the patient received 33 curanderismo treatment sessions over 10 months in addition to ongoing conventional treatment at a community-based chronic pain management clinic. Main outcomes measures were self-reported assessments of pain, functional ability, mood, insomnia, and narcotic usage. Secondary outcome measure was qualitative interview. Although there was no change in quantitative self-reported pain measures, the patient reported improved function, mood, and sleep as well as decreased narcotic usage. Curanderismo, in addition to conventional pain management, improved patient reported symptoms and functional ability, led to healthy lifestyle changes, and decreased narcotic usage. Controlled studies are needed to confirm the benefit of curanderismo as safe, non-interventional, and cost-effective adjunct for chronic pain management. PMID:27198039

  16. Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry, and Bioactivities of Cananga odorata (Ylang-Ylang).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Loh Teng Hern; Lee, Learn Han; Yin, Wai Fong; Chan, Chim Kei; Abdul Kadir, Habsah; Chan, Kok Gan; Goh, Bey Hing

    2015-01-01

    Ylang-ylang (Cananga odorata Hook. F. & Thomson) is one of the plants that are exploited at a large scale for its essential oil which is an important raw material for the fragrance industry. The essential oils extracted via steam distillation from the plant have been used mainly in cosmetic industry but also in food industry. Traditionally, C. odorata is used to treat malaria, stomach ailments, asthma, gout, and rheumatism. The essential oils or ylang-ylang oil is used in aromatherapy and is believed to be effective in treating depression, high blood pressure, and anxiety. Many phytochemical studies have identified the constituents present in the essential oils of C. odorata. A wide range of chemical compounds including monoterpene, sesquiterpenes, and phenylpropanoids have been isolated from this plant. Recent studies have shown a wide variety of bioactivities exhibited by the essential oils and the extracts of C. odorata including antimicrobial, antibiofilm, anti-inflammatory, antivector, insect-repellent, antidiabetic, antifertility and antimelanogenesis activities. Thus, the present review summarizes the information concerning the traditional uses, phytochemistry, and biological activities of C. odorata. This review is aimed at demonstrating that C. odorata not only is an important raw material for perfume industry but also considered as a prospective useful plant to agriculture and medicine. PMID:26294929

  17. Dermatoses due to Indian cultural practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Divya; Thappa, Devinder Mohan

    2015-01-01

    A wide prevalence of socio-religious and cultural practices in the Asian subcontinent often leads to multitude of skin diseases which may be missed by the dermatologists because of a lack of awareness. 'Henna' use causes IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reactions and contact dermatitis. 'Kumkum' application can result in pigmented contact dermatitis and lichen planus pigmentosus. Sticker 'bindis' and 'alta' induce contact leukoderma. Irritant and allergic contact dermatitis occurs after playing with 'Holi' colors. Threading and drawstring dermatitis lead to koebnerization of pre-existing dermatoses, infections and even squamous cell carcinoma of skin. Mild irritant reactions and contact sensitization occur secondary to balm and hair oil use. 'Mudichood' represents the comedogenic effect of hair oils combined with occlusion and humidity. Aromatherapy oils can cause contact dermatitis and photosensitive reactions. Heavy metal and steroid toxicity along with severe cutaneous adverse effects like erythroderma can occur as a consequent to the use of alternative medicines. Squamous cell carcinoma due to chronic heat exposure from the heating device "kangri" is seen in Kashmiris. Prayer nodules in Muslims and traction alopecia in Sikhs illustrate how religious practices can negatively affect the skin. With increasing globalization and migration, the practice of indigenous customs and traditions is no longer limited to regional territories, making it imperative for the dermatologists to be acquainted with the cutaneous side effects they can cause. PMID:25657390

  18. An In Vitro System Comprising Immortalized Hypothalamic Neuronal Cells (GT1-7 Cells) for Evaluation of the Neuroendocrine Effects of Essential Oils.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizuno, Dai; Konoha-Mizuno, Keiko; Mori, Miwako; Yamazaki, Kentaro; Haneda, Toshihiro; Koyama, Hironari; Kawahara, Masahiro

    2015-01-01

    Aromatherapy and plant-based essential oils are widely used as complementary and alternative therapies for symptoms including anxiety. Furthermore, it was reportedly effective for the care of several diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and depressive illness. To investigate the pharmacological effects of essential oils, we developed an in vitro assay system using immortalized hypothalamic neuronal cells (GT1-7 cells). In this study, we evaluated the effects of essential oils on neuronal death induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), aluminum, zinc, or the antagonist of estrogen receptor (tamoxifen). Among tests of various essential oils, we found that H2O2-induced neuronal death was attenuated by the essential oils of damask rose, eucalyptus, fennel, geranium, ginger, kabosu, mandarin, myrrh, and neroli. Damask rose oil had protective effects against aluminum-induced neurotoxicity, while geranium and rosemary oil showed protective activity against zinc-induced neurotoxicity. In contrast, geranium oil and ginger oil enhanced the neurotoxicity of tamoxifen. Our in vitro assay system could be useful for the neuropharmacological and endocrine pharmacological studies of essential oils. PMID:26576190

  19. De Novo Sequencing and Analysis of Lemongrass Transcriptome Provide First Insights into the Essential Oil Biosynthesis of Aromatic Grasses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meena, Seema; Kumar, Sarma R; Venkata Rao, D K; Dwivedi, Varun; Shilpashree, H B; Rastogi, Shubhra; Shasany, Ajit K; Nagegowda, Dinesh A

    2016-01-01

    Aromatic grasses of the genus Cymbopogon (Poaceae family) represent unique group of plants that produce diverse composition of monoterpene rich essential oils, which have great value in flavor, fragrance, cosmetic, and aromatherapy industries. Despite the commercial importance of these natural aromatic oils, their biosynthesis at the molecular level remains unexplored. As the first step toward understanding the essential oil biosynthesis, we performed de novo transcriptome assembly and analysis of C. flexuosus (lemongrass) by employing Illumina sequencing. Mining of transcriptome data and subsequent phylogenetic analysis led to identification of terpene synthases, pyrophosphatases, alcohol dehydrogenases, aldo-keto reductases, carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases, alcohol acetyltransferases, and aldehyde dehydrogenases, which are potentially involved in essential oil biosynthesis. Comparative essential oil profiling and mRNA expression analysis in three Cymbopogon species (C. flexuosus, aldehyde type; C. martinii, alcohol type; and C. winterianus, intermediate type) with varying essential oil composition indicated the involvement of identified candidate genes in the formation of alcohols, aldehydes, and acetates. Molecular modeling and docking further supported the role of identified protein sequences in aroma formation in Cymbopogon. Also, simple sequence repeats were found in the transcriptome with many linked to terpene pathway genes including the genes potentially involved in aroma biosynthesis. This work provides the first insights into the essential oil biosynthesis of aromatic grasses, and the identified candidate genes and markers can be a great resource for biotechnological and molecular breeding approaches to modulate the essential oil composition. PMID:27516768

  20. [Changes in olfaction during ageing and in certain neurodegenerative diseases: up-to-date].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianchi, A-J; Guépet-Sordet, H; Manckoundia, P

    2015-01-01

    Olfaction is a complex sensory system, and increasing interest is being shown in the link between olfaction and cognition, notably in the elderly. In this literature review, we revisit the specific neurophysiological features of the olfactory system and odorants that lead to a durable olfactory memory and an emotional memory, for which the implicit component produces subconscious olfactory conditioning. Olfaction is known to affect cognitive abilities and mood. We also consider the impairment of olfactory function due to ageing and to neurodegenerative diseases, in particular Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease, through anatomopathological changes in the peripheral and central olfactory structures. The high frequency of these olfactory disorders as well as their early occurrence in Alzheimer disease and Parkinson disease are in favour of their clinical detection in subjects suffering from these two neurodegenerative diseases. Finally, we analyse the impact of olfactory stimulation on cognitive performance and attention. Current observational data from studies in elderly patients with Alzheimer-type dementia are limited to multiple sensory stimulation methods, such as the Snoezelen method, and aromatherapy. These therapies have shown benefits for dementia-related mood and behaviour disorders in the short term, with few side effects. Since olfactory chemosensory stimulation may be beneficial, it may be proposed in patients with dementia, especially Alzheimer-type dementia, as a complementary or even alternative therapy to existing medical strategies. PMID:25304170

  1. Inhalation administration of the sesquiterpenoid aristolen-1(10)-en-9-ol from Nardostachys chinensis has a sedative effect via the GABAergic system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takemoto, Hiroaki; Ito, Michiho; Asada, Yoshihisa; Kobayashi, Yoshinori

    2015-03-01

    Spikenard, the dried roots of Nardostachys chinensis, contains sesquiterpenoids and is widely used as an herbal tranquilizer. We previously demonstrated that spikenard vapor showed a sedative effect when administered by inhalation, and we identified hydrocarbon sesquiterpenoids as active components. Here we investigated the other components that contribute to the effects of spikenard. Six oxygenated sesquiterpenoids, including aristolane- and guaiane-types, were isolated from an acetone extract of spikenard. We evaluated the sedative activities of these oxygenated compounds using an inhalation administration method in a caffeine-treated excitatory mouse model. We identified aristolen-1(10)-en-9-ol and patchouli alcohol as highly effective sedative components. These compounds inhibited locomotion in mice by approximately 60% at a dose of 300 µg/cage. In addition, aristolen-1(10)-en-9-ol prolonged pentobarbital-induced sleep to the same extent as 1 mg/kg diazepam. This effect completely disappeared with the administration of the GABAA-benzodiazepine receptor antagonist flumazenil (3 mg/kg), suggesting that the sedative effect of aristolen-1(10)-en-9-ol is expressed via the GABAergic system. Furthermore, differently from diazepam, inhalation of aristolen-1(10)-en-9-ol for 1 h did not affect the motor coordination in the rota-rod test. In the present study, we identified active components and provided evidence supporting the traditional sedative use of spikenard. Our research suggests that aristolen-1(10)-en-9-ol may be an effective aromatherapy, providing mild sedation. PMID:25798643

  2. An In Vitro System Comprising Immortalized Hypothalamic Neuronal Cells (GT1–7 Cells) for Evaluation of the Neuroendocrine Effects of Essential Oils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizuno, Dai; Konoha-Mizuno, Keiko; Mori, Miwako; Yamazaki, Kentaro; Haneda, Toshihiro; Koyama, Hironari; Kawahara, Masahiro

    2015-01-01

    Aromatherapy and plant-based essential oils are widely used as complementary and alternative therapies for symptoms including anxiety. Furthermore, it was reportedly effective for the care of several diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and depressive illness. To investigate the pharmacological effects of essential oils, we developed an in vitro assay system using immortalized hypothalamic neuronal cells (GT1–7 cells). In this study, we evaluated the effects of essential oils on neuronal death induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), aluminum, zinc, or the antagonist of estrogen receptor (tamoxifen). Among tests of various essential oils, we found that H2O2-induced neuronal death was attenuated by the essential oils of damask rose, eucalyptus, fennel, geranium, ginger, kabosu, mandarin, myrrh, and neroli. Damask rose oil had protective effects against aluminum-induced neurotoxicity, while geranium and rosemary oil showed protective activity against zinc-induced neurotoxicity. In contrast, geranium oil and ginger oil enhanced the neurotoxicity of tamoxifen. Our in vitro assay system could be useful for the neuropharmacological and endocrine pharmacological studies of essential oils. PMID:26576190

  3. Essential oils and distilled straws of lavender and lavandin: a review of current use and potential application in white biotechnology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lesage-Meessen, Laurence; Bou, Marine; Sigoillot, Jean-Claude; Faulds, Craig B; Lomascolo, Anne

    2015-04-01

    The Lavandula genus, which includes lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) and lavandin (L. angustifolia × Lavandula latifolia), is cultivated worldwide for its essential oils, which find applications in perfumes, cosmetics, food processing and, more recently, in aromatherapy products. The chemical composition of lavender and lavandin essential oils, usually produced by steam distillation from the flowering stems, is characterized by the presence of terpenes (e.g. linalool and linalyl acetate) and terpenoids (e.g. 1,8-cineole), which are mainly responsible for their characteristic flavour and their biological and therapeutic properties. Lavender and lavandin distilled straws, the by-products of oil extraction, were traditionally used for soil replenishment or converted to a fuel source. They are mineral- and carbon-rich plant residues and, therefore, a cheap, readily available source of valuable substances of industrial interest, especially aroma and antioxidants (e.g. terpenoids, lactones and phenolic compounds including coumarin, herniarin, α-bisabolol, rosmarinic and chlorogenic acids). Accordingly, recent studies have emphasized the possible uses of lavender and lavandin straws in fermentative or enzymatic processes involving various microorganisms, especially filamentous fungi, for the production of antimicrobials, antioxidants and other bioproducts with pharmaceutical and cosmetic activities, opening up new challenging perspectives in white biotechnology applications. PMID:25761625

  4. Anxiety-like behaviour and c-fos expression in rats that inhaled vetiver essential oil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saiyudthong, Somrudee; Pongmayteegul, Sirinun; Marsden, Charles A; Phansuwan-Pujito, Pansiri

    2015-01-01

    Vetiver essential oil (VEO) has been used in aromatherapy for relaxation. This study aimed to investigate the effects of VEO on an anxiety-related behavioural model (the elevated plus-maze, EPM) and immediate-early gene c-fos in amygdala, known to be involved in anxiety. Male Wistar rats were administered diazepam (1 mg/kg i.p.) for 30 min or inhalated with VEO (1%, 2.5% or 5% w/w) for 7 min prior to exposure to the EPM. Then, the effects of 2.5% VEO, the anxiolytic dose, on c-fos expression in amygdala were investigated. The rats given either 2.5% VEO or diazepam exhibited an anxiolytic-like profile in the EPM. VEO and diazepam significantly increased c-fos expression in the lateral division of the central amygdaloid nucleus (CeL). Therefore, the anxiolytic properties of VEO might be associated with altering neuronal activation in CeL. However, future studies are needed to investigate the precise mechanism of action of VEO. PMID:25553641

  5. Identification of odorants in frankincense (Boswellia sacra Flueck.) by aroma extract dilution analysis and two-dimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry/olfactometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niebler, Johannes; Buettner, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    Frankincense has been known, traded and used throughout the ages for its exceptional aroma properties, and is still commonly used in both secular and religious settings to convey a pleasant odor. Surprisingly, the odoriferous principle(s) underlying its unique odor profile have never been published. In this study, resin samples of Boswellia sacra Flueck. from both Somalia and Oman were investigated by aroma extract dilution analysis. In a comprehensive, odor-activity guided approach both chemo-analytical and human-sensory parameters were used to identify odor active constituents of the volatile fraction of B. sacra. Among the key odorants found were α-pinene, β-myrcene, linalool, p-cresol and two unidentified sesquiterpenoids. Overall, a total of 23 odorants were detected and analyzed by gas chromatography-olfactometry and heart-cut two-dimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry/olfactometry. The majority of the identified odorant compounds were oxygenated monoterpenes, along with some relevant mono- and sesquiterpenes and only one diterpenoid substance. Several of these compounds were reported here for the first time as odorous constituents in B. sacra. Identifying bioactive compounds might support a better understanding with regard to the potential benefits of frankincense, for example in aromatherapy or ecclesial settings. PMID:25468535

  6. Anti-acetylcholinesterase and Antioxidant Activities of Inhaled Juniper Oil on Amyloid Beta (1-42)-Induced Oxidative Stress in the Rat Hippocampus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cioanca, Oana; Hancianu, Monica; Mihasan, Marius; Hritcu, Lucian

    2015-05-01

    Juniper volatile oil is extracted from Juniperus communis L., of the Cupressaceae family, also known as common juniper. Also, in aromatherapy the juniper volatile oil is used against anxiety, nervous tension and stress-related conditions. In the present study, we identified the effects of the juniper volatile oil on amyloid beta (1-42)-induced oxidative stress in the rat hippocampus. Rats received a single intracerebroventricular injection of amyloid beta (1-42) (400 pmol/rat) and then were exposed to juniper volatile oil (200 μl, either 1 or 3 %) for controlled 60 min period, daily, for 21 continuous days. Also, the antioxidant activity in the hippocampus was assessed using superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and catalase specific activities, the total content of the reduced glutathione, protein carbonyl and malondialdehyde levels. Additionally, the acetylcholinesterase activity in the hippocampus was assessed. The amyloid beta (1-42)-treated rats exhibited the following: increase of the acetylcholinesterase, superoxide dismutase and catalase specific activities, decrease of glutathione peroxidase specific activity and the total content of the reduced glutathione along with an elevation of malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl levels. Inhalation of the juniper volatile oil significantly decreases the acetylcholinesterase activity and exhibited antioxidant potential. These findings suggest that the juniper volatile oil may be a potential candidate for the development of therapeutic agents to manage oxidative stress associated with Alzheimer's disease through decreasing the activity of acetylcholinesterase and anti-oxidative mechanism. PMID:25743585

  7. "Scratching" beneath the surface: an integrative psychosocial approach to pediatric pruritus and pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Traci R; Sonty, Nomita; Saroyan, John M

    2012-01-01

    Pruritus is prevalent in children with atopic dermatitis and associated with effects on mood, quality of life, sleep, scholastic performance, social and family functioning. In this study a 7-year-old African American female with severe atopic dermatitis, itching and pain refractory to multiple systemic and topical medications was referred for treatment. At baseline, the patient scratched to the point of bleeding, despite maximal doses of anti-histamines, antidepressant and topical therapies. The patient became progressively shy, anxious, and her scholastic performance suffered. A literature review prompted the implementation of a multi-modal program of family cognitive behavioral therapy, imagery, aromatherapy, drawing, and biofeedback. The results were that decreased itch, scratching, pain, and anxiety were seen within the first month. Fewer lesions and episodes of bleeding were observed with almost complete skin clearance by the fourth month. The article concludes that a short-term, integrative program including psychological, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), and medical therapies may represent a novel, efficacious approach for children suffering from severe atopic dermatitis. PMID:21669965

  8. Considering the senses in the diagnosis and management of dementia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behrman, Sophie; Chouliaras, Leonidas; Ebmeier, Klaus P

    2014-04-01

    Associations between dementia and impairments in hearing, vision, olfaction and (to a lesser degree) taste have been identified. Hearing impairment has been shown to precede cognitive decline, but it is not clear if the hearing loss is an early marker of dementia or a modifiable risk factor. Olfactory impairment is seen in many neurodegenerative conditions, but it has been shown that those with dementia have particular difficulties with the recognition and identification of odours rather than the detection, suggesting a link to impairment of higher cognitive function. Olfactory impairment has been shown to be predictive of conversion from mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer's disease with 85.2% sensitivity. As cognitive function deteriorates, the world is experienced at a sensory level, with reduced ability to integrate the sensory experiences to understand the context. Thus, people with dementia are very sensitive to sensory experiences and their environment needs to be managed carefully to make it understandable, comfortable, and (if possible) therapeutic. Light can be used to stabilise the circadian rhythm, which may be disturbed in dementia. Music therapy, aromatherapy, massage and multisensory stimulation are recommended by NICE for the management of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), although the mechanisms behind such interventions are poorly understood and evidence is limited. Sensory considerations are likely to play a greater role in dementia care in the future, with the development of purpose-built dementia care facilities and the focus on non-pharmacological management strategies for BPSD. PMID:24495787

  9. Synergistic effect of fragrant herbs in Japanese scent sachets.

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    Fujiwara, Yumi; Ito, Michiho

    2015-02-01

    The sedative activity of eight aromatic natural medicines that are traditionally used in Japanese scent sachets was examined using an open field test with mice. Galangal (Kaempferia galanga), patchouli (Pogostemon cablin), sandalwood (Santalum album), spikenard (Nardostachys chinensis), cinnamon (Cinnamomum cassia), clove (Syzygium aromaticum), star anise (Illicium verum), and borneol (Dryobalanops aromatica) distilled oils were used. These natural medicines have various pharmacological effects. For example, galangal has insecticidal activity and clove extracts possess strong total antioxidant activity. Aromatherapy, a well-known complementary medicine system that uses inhalation, has recently attracted much attention. The sedative activity of inhaled aromatic compounds or essential oils has been examined by measuring the spontaneous motor activity of mice in an open field test. The galangal, patchouli, sandalwood, spikenard, and borneol oils showed significant sedative effects. The effect was stronger for a mixture of the five oils than for any of the single oils. This suggests that the oil mixture may have synergistic activity. Sedative activity was not observed when inactive oils (cinnamon, clove, and star anise) were added to the mixture of the five active oils. PMID:25671383

  10. Holistic nursing management of pain and suffering: a historical view with contemporary applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matteliano, Deborah

    2003-01-01

    Nursing is rooted in caring for those who suffer and experience pain. As nursing has grown through the ages, technological advances and socioeconomic changes have required nurses to adapt as they continue to provide holistic, patient-centered care. Over the past century, nursing practice has been dominated by Western medical culture, resulting in a relegation of the caring-healing practices of nurses to the margins of healthcare delivery. Recent changes in the ontology of caring-healing practices are rooted in a new knowledge of complimentary practices. Advancements in behavioral sciences and the neurobiology of pain and suffering, together with an acceptance of Eastern and other healing practices, have enriched and enlightened our understanding of pain management. The recent growth of self-help and support programs has enlightened the healthcare consumer in choosing treatments. Contemporary clinical practice may now include methods that reflect the interconnectedness between the mind and body, such as biofeedback, healing touch, aromatherapy, progressive relaxation, meditation, and behavioral therapy. This article examines the historical concepts of pain and suffering that have influenced the approach to pain management and describes significant holistic methods that may be utilized by the nurse in managing pain. PMID:14639775

  11. Alternative Therapies for the Prevention of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoicea, Nicoleta; Gan, Tong J; Joseph, Nicholas; Uribe, Alberto; Pandya, Jyoti; Dalal, Rohan; Bergese, Sergio D

    2015-01-01

    Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a complication affecting between 20 and 40% of all surgery patients, with high-risk patients experiencing rates of up to 80%. Recent studies and publications have shed light on the uses of alternative treatment for PONV through their modulation of endogenous opioid neuropeptides and neurokinin ligands. In addition to reducing PONV, hypnosis was reported to be useful in attenuating postoperative pain and anxiety, and contributing to hemodynamic stability. Music therapy has been utilized to deepen the sedation level and decrease patient anxiety, antiemetic and analgesic requirements, hospital length of stay, and fatigue. Isopropyl alcohol and peppermint oil aromatherapy have both been used to reduce postoperative nausea. With correct training in traditional Chinese healing techniques, acupuncture (APu) at the P6 acupoint has also been shown to be useful in preventing early PONV, postdischarge nausea and vomiting, and alleviating of pain. Electro-acupuncture (EAPu), as with APu, provided analgesic and antiemetic effects through release and modulation of opioid neuropeptides. These non-pharmacological modalities of treatment contribute to an overall patient wellbeing, assisting in physical and emotional healing. PMID:26734609

  12. Effects of terpineol on the compound action potential of the rat sciatic nerve

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    M.R. Moreira

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available Terpineol, a volatile terpenoid alcohol of low toxicity, is widely used in the perfumery industry. It is an important chemical constituent of the essential oil of many plants with widespread applications in folk medicine and in aromatherapy. The effects of terpineol on the compound action potential (CAP of rat sciatic nerve were studied. Terpineol induced a dose-dependent blockade of the CAP. At 100 µM, terpineol had no demonstrable effect. At 300 µM terpineol, peak-to-peak amplitude and conduction velocity of CAP were significantly reduced at the end of 180-min exposure of the nerve to the drug, from 3.28 ± 0.22 mV and 33.5 ± 7.05 m/s, respectively, to 1.91 ± 0.51 mV and 26.2 ± 4.55 m/s. At 600 µM, terpineol significantly reduced peak-to-peak amplitude and conduction velocity from 2.97 ± 0.55 mV and 32.8 ± 3.91 m/s to 0.24 ± 0.23 mV and 2.72 ± 2.72 m/s, respectively (N = 5. All these effects developed slowly and were reversible upon 180-min washout.

  13. Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry, and Bioactivities of Cananga odorata (Ylang-Ylang)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Loh Teng Hern; Lee, Learn Han; Yin, Wai Fong; Chan, Chim Kei; Abdul Kadir, Habsah; Chan, Kok Gan; Goh, Bey Hing

    2015-01-01

    Ylang-ylang (Cananga odorata Hook. F. & Thomson) is one of the plants that are exploited at a large scale for its essential oil which is an important raw material for the fragrance industry. The essential oils extracted via steam distillation from the plant have been used mainly in cosmetic industry but also in food industry. Traditionally, C. odorata is used to treat malaria, stomach ailments, asthma, gout, and rheumatism. The essential oils or ylang-ylang oil is used in aromatherapy and is believed to be effective in treating depression, high blood pressure, and anxiety. Many phytochemical studies have identified the constituents present in the essential oils of C. odorata. A wide range of chemical compounds including monoterpene, sesquiterpenes, and phenylpropanoids have been isolated from this plant. Recent studies have shown a wide variety of bioactivities exhibited by the essential oils and the extracts of C. odorata including antimicrobial, antibiofilm, anti-inflammatory, antivector, insect-repellent, antidiabetic, antifertility and antimelanogenesis activities. Thus, the present review summarizes the information concerning the traditional uses, phytochemistry, and biological activities of C. odorata. This review is aimed at demonstrating that C. odorata not only is an important raw material for perfume industry but also considered as a prospective useful plant to agriculture and medicine. PMID:26294929

  14. Effect of listening to music and essential oil inhalation on patients undergoing screening CT colonography: A randomized controlled trial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagata, Koichi, E-mail: Nagata7@aol.com [Department of Radiology, Kameda Medical Center, 929 Higashi-cho, Kamogawa, Chiba 296-8602 (Japan); Department of Radiology, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Shimotsuke, Tochigi 329-0498 (Japan); Cancer Screening Technology Division, Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening, National Cancer Center, 5-1-1, Tsukiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0045 (Japan); Iida, Nao, E-mail: n.iida-xray@kameda.jp [Department of Radiology, Kameda Medical Center Makuhari, 1-3, Nakase, Mihama-ku, Chiba 261-8501 (Japan); Kanazawa, Hidenori, E-mail: r0713hk@jichi.ac.jp [Department of Radiology, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Shimotsuke, Tochigi 329-0498 (Japan); Fujiwara, Masanori, E-mail: m_fujiwara@kameda.jp [Department of Radiology, Kameda Medical Center Makuhari, 1-3, Nakase, Mihama-ku, Chiba 261-8501 (Japan); Mogi, Tomohiro, E-mail: mogi-xray@kameda.jp [Department of Radiology, Kameda Medical Center Makuhari, 1-3, Nakase, Mihama-ku, Chiba 261-8501 (Japan); Mitsushima, Toru, E-mail: mitsushima@kameda.jp [Department of Gastroenterology, Kameda Medical Center Makuhari, 1-3, Nakase, Mihama-ku, Chiba 261-8501 (Japan); Lefor, Alan T., E-mail: alefor@jichi.ac.jp [Department of Surgery, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Shimotsuke, Tochigi 329-0498 (Japan); Sugimoto, Hideharu, E-mail: sugimoto@jichi.ac.jp [Department of Radiology, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Shimotsuke, Tochigi 329-0498 (Japan)

    2014-12-15

    Highlights: • Music does not decrease patients’ perceived pain or acceptance during CTC. • Aromatherapy does not affect patients’ perceived pain or experience during CTC. • Music and aroma had little effect on vital signs during CTC. • More participants who listened to music requested music during the next CTC. • More participants who inhaled aroma requested aroma during the next CTC. - Abstract: Objective: To prospectively evaluate the effect of listening to music and inhaling aroma oil on patients undergoing screening computed tomography colonography. Materials and methods: Two hundred and twenty four participants were randomly allocated to one of the four groups including: (1) combined music and aroma, (2) music alone, (3) aroma alone, and (4) control. The visual analog scale for pain and a questionnaire were used for subjective outcomes. We also used a pre-test–post-test design to compare the differences in blood pressure and heart rate as objective outcomes. Results: There were no statistical differences between the control group and other groups in the visual analog scale or changes in heart rate. Changes in blood pressure were similar. Participants reported good overall experiences. There were no differences in terms of overall satisfaction, pain rating, willingness to repeat the computed tomography colonography procedure in the future, or preference between colonoscopy and computed tomography colonography. More participants using music and/or aroma requested music and/or aroma during the next computed tomography colonography (P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Although audio and olfactory intervention had little effect on perceived pain or discomfort and vital signs, participants who listened to music and inhaled aroma during the computed tomography colonography preferred music and aroma during the next computed tomography colonography.

  15. Effects of various fragrant ingredients on desmopressin-induced fluid retention in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morimoto, Yasuo; Shibata, Yujiro

    2010-07-01

    Although fragrances are often used in aromatherapy for the treatment of edema, few studies on their diuretic and/or antiedematous activities have been performed. In this study, the effects of four types of fragrant ingredients (d-limonene, piperitone, alpha-pinene, and cinnamaldehyde) were examined in a mouse model of fluid retention. The mice were loaded with water after treatment with desmopressin (an antidiuretic hormone). In addition, zingerone, a pungent component of ginger which is considered to be effective in the treatment of edema, was examined. Moreover, their effects were compared with those of furosemide, a representative diuretic. Among the five types of fragrant ingredients examined, all except for cinnamaldehyde increased the urine volume in the fluid retention mouse model when administered at a dose of 100 mg/kg. In particular, d-limonene and zingerone significantly increased the urine volume. Thus the effects of these two ingredients were further examined at lower doses of 10 and 30 mg/kg. d-Limonene significantly increased the urine volume in a dose-dependent manner. Zingerone resulted in a significant increase in the urine volume only at a dose of 30 mg/kg. In normal mice, d-limonene did not affect the urine volume at the same doses. In contrast, zingerone significantly increased the urine volume in normal mice at a dose of 30 mg/kg. Furosemide significantly increased the urine volume in both the fluid-retentive and normal mice. These results indicate that both d-limonene and zingerone exhibit diuretic actions; however, the former fragrance only exerted an action in the fluid-retentive state. This different action suggests that d-limonene might be promising for the treatment of edema. PMID:20606379

  16. The Effect of Massage With Lavender Oil on Restless Leg Syndrome in Hemodialysis Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial

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    Hashemi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background Restless leg syndrome (RLS is a common problem in patients with chronic renal failure. It can reduce the quality of life and sleep disturbances. This disorder is usually treated pharmacologically. Recently, complementary medicine methods have been suggested because of chemical drugs adverse effects. There is not enough evidence about the effect of aromatherapy on RLS. Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the effects of massage with lavender oil on RLS symptoms in hemodialysis patients. Patients and Methods This randomized clinical trial study included 70 hemodialysis patients with RLS that were randomly assigned into two groups in 2014. The experimental group received effleurage massage using lavender oil and control group received routine care for three weeks. Data was collected with RLS questionnaire and analyzed using independent and paired t-test and Chi-square test. Results The mean RLS scores were not significantly different in the two groups at the start of study (22.41 ± 7.67 vs. 22.90 ± 4.38, P = 0.76. At the end of study, the mean RLS score significantly decreased in the intervention group, while this score remained relatively un-changed in the control group (12.41 ± 5.49 vs. 23.23 ± 4.52, P < 0.0001. Conclusions Lavender oil massage was effective to improve RLS in hemodialysis patients. It has no adverse effects, is practical and cost-effective. It is suggested to be used along with routine treatment of RLS in hemodialysis patients.

  17. Lavender oil-potent anxiolytic properties via modulating voltage dependent calcium channels.

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    Anita M Schuwald

    Full Text Available Recent clinical data support the clinical use of oral lavender oil in patients suffering from subsyndromal anxiety. We identified the molecular mechanism of action that will alter the perception of lavender oil as a nonspecific ingredient of aromatherapy to a potent anxiolytic inhibiting voltage dependent calcium channels (VOCCs as highly selective drug target. In contrast to previous publications where exorbitant high concentrations were used, the effects of lavender oil in behavioral, biochemical, and electrophysiological experiments were investigated in physiological concentrations in the nanomolar range, which correlate to a single dosage of 80 mg/d in humans that was used in clinical trials. We show for the first time that lavender oil bears some similarities with the established anxiolytic pregabalin. Lavender oil inhibits VOCCs in synaptosomes, primary hippocampal neurons and stably overexpressing cell lines in the same range such as pregabalin. Interestingly, Silexan does not primarily bind to P/Q type calcium channels such as pregabalin and does not interact with the binding site of pregabalin, the α2δ subunit of VOCCs. Lavender oil reduces non-selectively the calcium influx through several different types of VOCCs such as the N-type, P/Q-type and T-type VOCCs. In the hippocampus, one brain region important for anxiety disorders, we show that inhibition by lavender oil is mainly mediated via N-type and P/Q-type VOCCs. Taken together, we provide a pharmacological and molecular rationale for the clinical use of the oral application of lavender oil in patients suffering from anxiety.

  18. Optimal nonpharmacological management of agitation in Alzheimer's disease: challenges and solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millán-Calenti, José Carlos; Lorenzo-López, Laura; Alonso-Búa, Begoña; de Labra, Carmen; González-Abraldes, Isabel; Maseda, Ana

    2016-01-01

    Many patients with Alzheimer's disease will develop agitation at later stages of the disease, which constitutes one of the most challenging and distressing aspects of dementia. Recently, nonpharmacological therapies have become increasingly popular and have been proven to be effective in managing the behavioral symptoms (including agitation) that are common in the middle or later stages of dementia. These therapies seem to be a good alternative to pharmacological treatment to avoid unpleasant side effects. We present a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) focused on the nonpharmacological management of agitation in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients aged 65 years and above. Of the 754 studies found, eight met the inclusion criteria. This review suggests that music therapy is optimal for the management of agitation in institutionalized patients with moderately severe and severe AD, particularly when the intervention includes individualized and interactive music. Bright light therapy has little and possibly no clinically significant effects with respect to observational ratings of agitation but decreases caregiver ratings of physical and verbal agitation. Therapeutic touch is effective for reducing physical nonaggressive behaviors but is not superior to simulated therapeutic touch or usual care for reducing physically aggressive and verbally agitated behaviors. Melissa oil aromatherapy and behavioral management techniques are not superior to placebo or pharmacological therapies for managing agitation in AD. Further research in clinical trials is required to confirm the effectiveness and long-term effects of nonpharmacological interventions for managing agitation in AD. These types of studies may lead to the development of future intervention protocols to improve the well-being and daily functioning of these patients, thereby avoiding residential care placement. PMID:26955265

  19. Anti-inflammatory and antiedematogenic activity of the Ocimum basilicum essential oil and its main compound estragole: In vivo mouse models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Lindaiane Bezerra; Oliveira Brito Pereira Bezerra Martins, Anita; Cesário, Francisco Rafael Alves Santana; Ferreira E Castro, Fyama; de Albuquerque, Thaís Rodrigues; Martins Fernandes, Maria Neyze; Fernandes da Silva, Bruno Anderson; Quintans Júnior, Lucindo José; da Costa, José Galberto Martins; Melo Coutinho, Henrique Douglas; Barbosa, Roseli; Alencar de Menezes, Irwin Rose

    2016-09-25

    The genus Ocimum are used in cooking, however, their essential oils are utilized in traditional medicine as aromatherapy. The present study was carried out to investigate the chemical composition and systemic anti-inflammatory activity of the Ocimum basilicum essential oil (EOOB) and its major component estragole, as well as its possible mechanisms of action. The Ocimum basilicum essential oil was obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC-MS. The anti-inflammatory action was verified using acute and chronic in vivo tests as paw edema, peritonitis, and vascular permeability and granulomatous inflammation model. The anti-inflammatory mechanism of action was analyzed by the participation of histamine and arachidonic acid pathways. The chemical profile analysis identified fourteen components present in the essential oil, within them: estragole (60.96%). The in vivo test results show that treatment with EOOB (100 and 50 mg/kg) and estragole (60 and 30 mg/kg) significantly reduced paw edema induced by carrageenan and dextran. The smallest doses of EOOB (50 mg/kg) and estragole (30 mg/kg) showed efficacy in the reduction of paw edema induced by histamine and arachidonic acid, vascular permeability inhibition and leukocyte emigration in the peritoneal fluid. Theses doses were capable of reducing the chronic inflammatory process. The results observed between the EOOB and estragole demonstrate efficacy in anti-inflammatory activity, however, the essential oil is more efficacious in the acute and chronic anti-inflammatory action. This study confirms the therapeutic potential of this plant and reinforces the validity of its use in popular medicine. PMID:27474066

  20. Use of complementary and alternative medicine at Norwegian and Danish hospitals

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    Launsø Laila

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Several studies have found that a high proportion of the population in western countries use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM. However, little is known about whether CAM is offered in hospitals. The aim of this study was to describe to what extent CAM is offered in Norwegian and Danish hospitals and investigate possible changes in Norway since 2001. Methods A one-page questionnaire was sent to all included hospitals in both countries. The questionnaire was sent to the person responsible for the clinical activity, typically the medical director. 99 hospitals in the authority (85% in Norway and 126 in Denmark (97% responded. Given contact persons were interviewed. Results CAM is presently offered in about 50% of Norwegian hospitals and one-third of Danish hospitals. In Norway CAM was offered in 50 hospitals, 40 of which involved acupuncture. 19 hospitals gave other alternative therapies like biofeedback, hypnosis, cupping, ear-acupuncture, herbal medicine, art therapy, homeopathy, reflexology, thought field therapy, gestalt therapy, aromatherapy, tai chi, acupressure, yoga, pilates and other. 9 hospitals offered more than one therapy form. In Denmark 38 hospitals offered acupuncture and one Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Light Therapy. The most commonly reported reason for offering CAM was scientific evidence in Denmark. In Norway it was the interest of a hospital employee, except for acupuncture where the introduction is more often initiated by the leadership and is more based on scientific evidence of effect. All persons (except one responsible for the alternative treatment had a medical or allied health professional background and their education/training in CAM treatment varied substantially. Conclusions The extent of CAM being offered has increased substantially in Norway during the first decade of the 21st century. This might indicate a shift in attitude regarding CAM within the conventional

  1. chemotherapy patients

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    Katarzyna Augustyniuk

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background . Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM practices for cancer have become popular among oncology patients. An increasing interest in alternative medicine can be explained by the inefficiency of conventional treatment, dissatisfaction with treating patients like objects, and the will to use all available treatment methods. Objectives . The authors assessed how often patients use CAM methods, and which of them are most popular. Material and methods . The study was conducted in Military Hospital no. 109 and the Independent Public Clinical Hospital no. 1 in Szczecin among 100 chemotherapy patients. This survey-based study was performed using an original questionnaire. Results. Most respondents (68% did not use alternative methods to fight the disease. The most popular treatment methods were: herbal medicine (50%, alternative medicine preparations (38% and diet (25%, and the least common: hypnosis (3% and aromatherapy (3%. Analyzed sociodemographic factors had no effects on a choice of a CAM method. Patients obtained information about CAM methods mainly from the Internet (40%, medical staff (37% and literature (31%. Conclusions . 1. Using CAM by patients receiving chemotherapy for neoplasms is quite a common phenomenon. 2. CAM were more often chosen by women. Neither the duration of the disease nor sociodemographic data had effects on making the decision to use CAM methods. 3. The most popular CAM were: herbal medicine, alternative medicine preparations, and diet. 4. Cancer patients should receive special support from nurses and doctors as well as other members of the therapeutic team. Oncology patients should never be left on their own so that they were forced to seek help and support in therapies unconfirmed by scientific investigation.

  2. β-Citronellol, an alcoholic monoterpene with inhibitory properties on the contractility of rat trachea

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    T.B. Vasconcelos

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available β-Citronellol is an alcoholic monoterpene found in essential oils such Cymbopogon citratus (a plant with antihypertensive properties. β-Citronellol can act against pathogenic microorganisms that affect airways and, in virtue of the popular use of β-citronellol-enriched essential oils in aromatherapy, we assessed its pharmacologic effects on the contractility of rat trachea. Contractions of isolated tracheal rings were recorded isometrically through a force transducer connected to a data-acquisition device. β-Citronellol relaxed sustained contractions induced by acetylcholine or high extracellular potassium, but half-maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50 for K+-elicited stimuli were smaller than those for cholinergic contractions. It also inhibited contractions induced by electrical field stimulation or sodium orthovanadate with pharmacologic potency equivalent to that seen against acetylcholine-induced contractions. When contractions were evoked by selective recruitment of Ca2+ from the extracellular medium, β-citronellol preferentially inhibited contractions that involved voltage-operated (but not receptor-operated pathways. β-Citronellol (but not verapamil inhibited contractions induced by restoration of external Ca2+ levels after depleting internal Ca2+ stores with the concomitant presence of thapsigargin and recurrent challenge with acetylcholine. Treatment of tracheal rings with L-NAME, indomethacin or tetraethylammonium did not change the relaxing effects of β-citronellol. Inhibition of transient receptor potential vanilloid subtype 1 (TRPV1 or transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1 receptors with selective antagonists caused no change in the effects of β-citronellol. In conclusion, β-citronellol exerted inhibitory effects on rat tracheal rings, with predominant effects on contractions that recruit Ca2+ inflow towards the cytosol by voltage-gated pathways, whereas it appears less active against contractions elicited by

  3. Alternative Therapeutic Method for Type Two Diabetes: Whole Body Vibration Therapy: A Mini-Review

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    Erika L Simmerman

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Context As the prevalence of obesity and diabetes continues to increase there is a need for new interventions to control this epidemic. Multiple alternative treatment methods exist for type 2 diabetes mellitus such as acupuncture, bariatric surgery, yoga, aromatherapy, herbal remedies, etc. Whole Body Vibration is a relatively new area of interest recently utilized as an adjunctive therapy in type 2 diabetes mellitus, representing a potentially new and novel treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Objective The primary objective of this study was to summarize current literature regarding the effects of whole body vibration on type 2 diabetes mellitus. This review details the effect of whole body vibration on areas of high clinical impact in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus such as glycemic control, body composition, renal function, inflammatory indices, peripheral neuropathy, and wound healing. Methods Reviewers independently screened abstracts and full texts in journal articles and books to extract data from multiple studies and literature to compile a current review on the topic of whole body vibration and diabetes mellitus. Results Current literature in murine and human models reported an overall improvement in glycemic control, renal function, inflammatory indices, and peripheral neuropathy following whole body vibration therapy. Whole body vibration effect on body mass composition is controversial with inconsistent reports of the effect on lean mass, bone density, and fat mass. Conclusions Whole body vibration has demonstrated significant promise in improving multiple systems related to the sequela of type 2 diabetes mellitus, thereby suggesting a new and novel treatment modification in this patient population. Subsequent studies are needed to further analyze the effect of whole body vibration on type 2 diabetes mellitus.

  4. 碰碰香挥发物化学成分分析%Chemical components of Plectranthus tomentosa volatile matters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊伟; 金荷仙; 蔡宝珍

    2011-01-01

    为探明碰碰香Plectranthus tomentosa叶片挥发物的组成及其相对含量,以长势优的成年碰碰香为研究对象,采用顶空套袋法,并在热脱附系统(TDS)条件下用气相色谱-质谱联用仪(GC-MS)对收集气体进行分析检测.测出叶片挥发物有44种,包括烷烃、烯烃等8类化合物,烯烃中的萜烯类化合物有22种(相对含量为83.32%),其中柠檬烯含量最多(相对含量为47.61%);同时结合保留指数分析碰碰香叶片挥发物化学成分,比单独使用GC-MS其结果更加准确可靠.%This study was conducted to determine the composition of volatile matter from leaves of Plectranthus tomentosa and the relative contribution to its aromatherapy. The dynamic headspace collection method for total dissolved solids (TDS), was used to extract volatile matter of adult P. Tomentosa in good condition, and a gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer (GC-MS) was utilized to detect the composition of the extract. Results showed 44 kinds of volatile matter including eight types of compounds, such as alkanes and olefins. Also, 22 types of terpenoids (relative content of 83.32%)were found with Limonene having the highest level of simple carbohydrates (relative content of 47.61%). Thus, this work demonstrated that a retention index of P. Tomentosa volatile matter from leaves could provide a complementary and convenient method for accurate analysis, which may be helpful for the further exploitation.

  5. Effects of estragole on the compound action potential of the rat sciatic nerve

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    J.H. Leal-Cardoso

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Estragole, a relatively nontoxic terpenoid ether, is an important constituent of many essential oils with widespread applications in folk medicine and aromatherapy and known to have potent local anesthetic activity. We investigated the effects of estragole on the compound action potential (CAP of the rat sciatic nerve. The experiments were carried out on sciatic nerves dissected from Wistar rats. Nerves, mounted in a moist chamber, were stimulated at a frequency of 0.2 Hz, with electric pulses of 50-100-µs duration at 10-20 V, and evoked CAP were monitored on an oscilloscope and recorded on a computer. CAP control parameters were: peak-to-peak amplitude (PPA, 9.9 ± 0.55 mV (N = 15, conduction velocity, 92.2 ± 4.36 m/s (N = 15, chronaxy, 45.6 ± 3.74 µs (N = 5, and rheobase, 3.9 ± 0.78 V (N = 5. Estragole induced a dose-dependent blockade of the CAP. At 0.6 mM, estragole had no demonstrable effect. At 2.0 and 6.0 mM estragole, PPA was significantly reduced at the end of 180-min exposure of the nerve to the drug to 85.6 ± 3.96 and 13.04 ± 1.80% of control, respectively. At 4.0 mM, estragole significantly altered PPA, conduction velocity, chronaxy, and rheobase (P <= 0.05, ANOVA; N = 5 to 49.3 ± 6.21 and 77.7 ± 3.84, 125.9 ± 10.43 and 116.7 ± 4.59%, of control, respectively. All of these effects developed slowly and were reversible upon a 300-min wash-out. The data show that estragole dose-dependently blocks nerve excitability.

  6. A Study on Human Brain Waves Influenced by Volatile Components Released from Native Green Tea Leaves%土种绿茶挥发物成分及其对人体脑波的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓玲; 吕乐燕; 李天佑; 张汝民; 侯平

    2013-01-01

    [目的]对茶叶的挥发性芳香物质及其对人体脑波影响进行分析.[方法]采用顶空套袋采集法和TDS-GC/MS,分析自然状态室温下摊放4h绿茶鲜叶挥发性芳香物质成分,并使用生物反馈仪测定嗅闻茶叶挥发性芳香物质的人体脑波变化.[结果]摊放鲜叶的挥发性芳香物质以酯类和萜烯类化合物为主.香气成分能够显著增加α波的波值.嗅闻摊放鲜叶对人体具有放松身心的功效.[结论]该研究可以为茶的芳香疗法提供初步参考.%[Objective] The aim was to analyze volatile aromatic compounds from tea leaves in nature and its effect on human brain waves.[Method] Natural volatile aromatic components of fresh tea leaves which had spread for 4 h at room temperature were analyzed by dynamic headspace collection and thermal desorption system/gas chromatography/mass spectrum (TDS-GC/MS).The effect of the spreading fresh tea leaves on human brain waves were determined by biofeedback instrument.[Result] The volatile aromatic components of spreading fresh leaves were mainly the compounds of esters and terpenes.Aromatic components could increase significantly the Alpha amplitude.Furthermore,the volatile aromatic components of fresh tea leaves has the efficacy of relaxing the body and the mind.[Conclusion] The study provided a reference for the application of tea in aromatherapy.

  7. CAM use in pediatric neurology: an exploration of concurrent use with conventional medicine.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaine Galicia-Connolly

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found that up to 60% of children with neurologic conditions have tried complementary and alternative medicine (CAM. OBJECTIVE: To assess the use of CAM among patients presenting to neurology clinics at two academic centers in Canada. METHODS: A survey instrument was developed to inquire about use of CAM products and therapies, including reasons for use, perceived helpfulness, and concurrent use with conventional medicine, and administered to patients or their parents/guardians at the Stollery Children's Hospital in Edmonton and the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO in Ottawa. RESULTS: Overall CAM use at the Stollery was 78%, compared to 48% at CHEO. The most common CAM products used were multi-vitamins (84%, vitamin C (37%, homeopathic remedies (24%, and fish oil/omega 3 s (22%. The most common CAM practices used were massage (47%, chiropractic (37%, faith healing (18%, aromatherapy (16%, homeopathy (16%, and relaxation (16%. Many patients used CAM products at the same time as conventional medicine but just over half (57% discussed this concurrent use with their physician. CONCLUSION: CAM use is common in pediatric neurology patients and most respondents felt that it was helpful, with few or no harms associated. However, this use is often undisclosed, increasing possibility of interactions with conventional drugs. We urge clinicians to inquire about CAM use during routine history taking at every patient visit. Parents would clearly like more information about CAM from their specialty clinics; such information would be easier to share if more primary data were available about the safety and effectiveness of commonly used therapies.

  8. A pilot evaluation on a stress management programme using a combined approach of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for elementary school teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsang, Hector W H; Cheung, W M; Chan, Alan H L; Fung, Kelvin M T; Leung, Ada Y; Au, Doreen W H

    2015-02-01

    The aim of this study is to explore the efficacy of implementing a stress management programme based on a combined approach using cognitive behavioural therapy and complementary and alternative medicine for elementary school teachers who experienced mild level of stress, anxiety and/or depressive symptoms in Hong Kong. A 12-h programme involving cognitive behavioural therapy, self-management, relaxation techniques (diaphragmatic breathing and progressive muscle relaxation), mindful exercises (qigong and yoga), aromatherapy and acupressure was conducted. A quasi-experimental design was used to compare the intervention groups (n = 47) with the wait-list control groups (n = 46). The primary outcome measures were depression, anxiety and stress. Results indicated that the intervention group had significant reduction in depression [(F = 3.93; degrees of freedom (df) = 2.90; p = 0.023)], anxiety (F = 3.37; df = 2.90; p = 0.039) and stress (F = 3.63; df = 2.89; p = 0.031) when compared with the control group. Participants in both groups demonstrated lowered level of salivary cortisol at the post-assessment. The pilot results provided preliminary support to the multi-component stress management programme in relieving affective symptoms of teachers. The programme may be considered as an initial strategy to empower teachers with the abilities to cope with their affective symptoms. Further evaluation using a better designed randomized study with a larger sample size is warranted. (word: 198; max.: 200). PMID:24038798

  9. Optimal nonpharmacological management of agitation in Alzheimer’s disease: challenges and solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millán-Calenti, José Carlos; Lorenzo-López, Laura; Alonso-Búa, Begoña; de Labra, Carmen; González-Abraldes, Isabel; Maseda, Ana

    2016-01-01

    Many patients with Alzheimer’s disease will develop agitation at later stages of the disease, which constitutes one of the most challenging and distressing aspects of dementia. Recently, nonpharmacological therapies have become increasingly popular and have been proven to be effective in managing the behavioral symptoms (including agitation) that are common in the middle or later stages of dementia. These therapies seem to be a good alternative to pharmacological treatment to avoid unpleasant side effects. We present a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) focused on the nonpharmacological management of agitation in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients aged 65 years and above. Of the 754 studies found, eight met the inclusion criteria. This review suggests that music therapy is optimal for the management of agitation in institutionalized patients with moderately severe and severe AD, particularly when the intervention includes individualized and interactive music. Bright light therapy has little and possibly no clinically significant effects with respect to observational ratings of agitation but decreases caregiver ratings of physical and verbal agitation. Therapeutic touch is effective for reducing physical nonaggressive behaviors but is not superior to simulated therapeutic touch or usual care for reducing physically aggressive and verbally agitated behaviors. Melissa oil aromatherapy and behavioral management techniques are not superior to placebo or pharmacological therapies for managing agitation in AD. Further research in clinical trials is required to confirm the effectiveness and long-term effects of nonpharmacological interventions for managing agitation in AD. These types of studies may lead to the development of future intervention protocols to improve the well-being and daily functioning of these patients, thereby avoiding residential care placement. PMID:26955265

  10. β-Citronellol, an alcoholic monoterpene with inhibitory properties on the contractility of rat trachea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasconcelos, T B; Ribeiro-Filho, H V; Lucetti, L T; Magalhães, P J C

    2016-02-01

    β-Citronellol is an alcoholic monoterpene found in essential oils such Cymbopogon citratus (a plant with antihypertensive properties). β-Citronellol can act against pathogenic microorganisms that affect airways and, in virtue of the popular use of β-citronellol-enriched essential oils in aromatherapy, we assessed its pharmacologic effects on the contractility of rat trachea. Contractions of isolated tracheal rings were recorded isometrically through a force transducer connected to a data-acquisition device. β-Citronellol relaxed sustained contractions induced by acetylcholine or high extracellular potassium, but half-maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50) for K(+)-elicited stimuli were smaller than those for cholinergic contractions. It also inhibited contractions induced by electrical field stimulation or sodium orthovanadate with pharmacologic potency equivalent to that seen against acetylcholine-induced contractions. When contractions were evoked by selective recruitment of Ca2+ from the extracellular medium, β-citronellol preferentially inhibited contractions that involved voltage-operated (but not receptor-operated) pathways. β-Citronellol (but not verapamil) inhibited contractions induced by restoration of external Ca2+ levels after depleting internal Ca2+ stores with the concomitant presence of thapsigargin and recurrent challenge with acetylcholine. Treatment of tracheal rings with L-NAME, indomethacin or tetraethylammonium did not change the relaxing effects of β-citronellol. Inhibition of transient receptor potential vanilloid subtype 1 (TRPV1) or transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) receptors with selective antagonists caused no change in the effects of β-citronellol. In conclusion, β-citronellol exerted inhibitory effects on rat tracheal rings, with predominant effects on contractions that recruit Ca2+ inflow towards the cytosol by voltage-gated pathways, whereas it appears less active against contractions elicited by receptor

  11. Rational Basis for the Use of Bergamot Essential Oil in Complementary Medicine to Treat Chronic Pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rombolà, L; Amantea, D; Russo, R; Adornetto, A; Berliocchi, L; Tridico, L; Corasaniti, M T; Sakurada, S; Sakurada, T; Bagetta, G; Morrone, L A

    2016-01-01

    In complementary medicine, aromatherapy uses essential oils to improve agitation and aggression observed in dementia, mood, depression, anxiety and chronic pain. Preclinical research studies have reported that the essential oil obtained from bergamot (BEO) fruit (Citrus bergamia, Risso) modifies normal and pathological synaptic plasticity implicated, for instance, in nociceptive and neuropathic pain. Interestingly, recent results indicated that BEO modulates sensitive perception of pain in different models of nociceptive, inflammatory and neuropathic pain modulating endogenous systems. Thus, local administration of BEO inhibited the nociceptive behavioral effect induced by intraplantar injection of capsaicin or formalin in mice. Similar effects were observed with linalool and linalyl acetate, major volatile components of the phytocomplex, Pharmacological studies showed that the latter effects are reversed by local or systemic pretreatment with the opioid antagonist naloxone hydrochloride alike with naloxone methiodide, high affinity peripheral μ-opioid receptor antagonist. These results and the synergistic effect observed following systemic or intrathecal injection of an inactive dose of morphine with BEO or linalool indicated an activation of peripheral opioid system. Recently, in neuropathic pain models systemic or local administration of BEO or linalool induced antiallodynic effects. In particular, in partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSNL) model, intraplantar injection of the phytocomplex or linalool in the ipsilateral hindpaw, but not in the contralateral, reduced PSNL-induced extracellularsignal- regulated kinase (ERK) activation and mechanical allodynia. In neuropathic pain high doses of morphine are needed to reduce pain. Interestingly, combination of inactive doses of BEO or linalool with a low dose of morphine induced antiallodynic effects in mice. Peripheral cannabinoid and opioid systems appear to be involved in the antinociception produced by

  12. The role of the Therapeutic Goods Administration and the Medicine and Medical Devices Safety Authority in evaluating complementary and alternative medicines in Australia and New Zealand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Currently, the regulation of complementary and alternative medicines and related health claims in Australia and New Zealand is managed in a number of ways. Complementary medicines, including herbal, minerals, nutritional/dietary supplements, aromatherapy oils and homeopathic medicines are regulated under therapeutic goods/products legislation. The Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA), a division of the Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing is responsible for administering the provisions of the legislation in Australia. The New Zealand Medicines and Medical Devices Safety Authority (Medsafe) administers the provision of legislation in New Zealand. In December 2003 the Australian and New Zealand governments signed a Treaty to establish a single, bi-national agency to regulate therapeutic products, including medical devices prescription, over-the-counter and complementary medicines. A single agency will replace the Australian TGA and the New Zealand Medsafe. The role of the new agency will be to safeguard public health through regulation of the quality, safety and efficacy or performance of therapeutic products in both Australia and New Zealand. The major activities of the new joint Australia New Zealand therapeutic products agency are in product licensing, specifying labelling standards and setting the advertising scheme, together with determining the risk classes of medicines and creating an expanded list of ingredients permitted in Class I medicines. A new, expanded definition of complementary medicines is proposed and this definition is currently under consultation. Related Australian and New Zealand legislation is being developed to implement the joint scheme. Once this legislation is passed, the Treaty will come into force and the new joint regulatory scheme will begin. The agency is expected to commence operation no later than 1 July 2006 and will result in a single agency to regulate complementary and alternative medicines

  13. Effect of listening to music and essential oil inhalation on patients undergoing screening CT colonography: A randomized controlled trial

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Music does not decrease patients’ perceived pain or acceptance during CTC. • Aromatherapy does not affect patients’ perceived pain or experience during CTC. • Music and aroma had little effect on vital signs during CTC. • More participants who listened to music requested music during the next CTC. • More participants who inhaled aroma requested aroma during the next CTC. - Abstract: Objective: To prospectively evaluate the effect of listening to music and inhaling aroma oil on patients undergoing screening computed tomography colonography. Materials and methods: Two hundred and twenty four participants were randomly allocated to one of the four groups including: (1) combined music and aroma, (2) music alone, (3) aroma alone, and (4) control. The visual analog scale for pain and a questionnaire were used for subjective outcomes. We also used a pre-test–post-test design to compare the differences in blood pressure and heart rate as objective outcomes. Results: There were no statistical differences between the control group and other groups in the visual analog scale or changes in heart rate. Changes in blood pressure were similar. Participants reported good overall experiences. There were no differences in terms of overall satisfaction, pain rating, willingness to repeat the computed tomography colonography procedure in the future, or preference between colonoscopy and computed tomography colonography. More participants using music and/or aroma requested music and/or aroma during the next computed tomography colonography (P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Although audio and olfactory intervention had little effect on perceived pain or discomfort and vital signs, participants who listened to music and inhaled aroma during the computed tomography colonography preferred music and aroma during the next computed tomography colonography

  14. Clinical practice with anti-dementia drugs: a consensus statement from British Association for Psychopharmacology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Alistair; O'Brien, John; Auriacombe, Sophie; Ballard, Clive; Broich, Karl; Bullock, Roger; Feldman, Howard; Ford, Gary; Knapp, Martin; McCaddon, Andrew; Iliffe, Steve; Jacova, Claudia; Jones, Roy; Lennon, Sean; McKeith, Ian; Orgogozo, Jean-Marc; Purandare, Nitin; Richardson, Mervyn; Ritchie, Craig; Thomas, Alan; Warner, James; Wilcock, Gordon; Wilkinson, David

    2006-11-01

    The British Association for Psychopharmacology (BAP) coordinated a meeting of experts to review the evidence on the drug treatment for dementia. The level of evidence (types) was rated using a standard system: Types 1a and 1b (evidence from meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials or at least one controlled trial respectively); types 2a and 2b (one well-designed study or one other type of quasi experimental study respectively); type 3 (non-experimental descriptive studies); and type 4 (expert opinion). There is type 1a evidence for cholinesterase inhibitors (donepezil, rivastigmine and galantamine) for mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease; memantine for moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease; and for the use of bright light therapy and aromatherapy. There is type 1a evidence of no effect of anti inflammatory drugs or statins. There is conflicting evidence regarding oestrogens, with type 2a evidence of a protective effect of oestrogens but 1b evidence of a harmful effect. Type 1a evidence for any effect of B12 and folate will be forthcoming when current trials report. There is type 1b evidence for gingko biloba in producing a modest benefit of cognitive function; cholinesterase inhibitors for the treatment of people with Lewy body disease (particularly neuropsychiatric symptoms); cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine in treatment cognitive impairment associated with vascular dementia; and the effect of metal collating agents (although these should not be prescribed until more data on safety and efficacy are available). There is type 1b evidence to show that neither cholinesterase inhibitors nor vitamin E reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease in people with mild cognitive impairment; and there is no evidence that there is any intervention that can prevent the onset of dementia. There is type 1b evidence for the beneficial effects of adding memantine to cholinesterase inhibitors, and type 2b evidence of positive switching outcomes from one

  15. Unraveling the Rat Intestine, Spleen and Liver Genome-Wide Transcriptome after the Oral Administration of Lavender Oil by a Two-Color Dye-Swap DNA Microarray Approach.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroko Kubo

    Full Text Available The use of lavender oil (LO--a commonly, used oil in aromatherapy, with well-defined volatile components linalool and linalyl acetate--in non-traditional medicine is increasing globally. To understand and demonstrate the potential positive effects of LO on the body, we have established an animal model in this current study, investigating the orally administered LO effects genome wide in the rat small intestine, spleen, and liver. The rats were administered LO at 5 mg/kg (usual therapeutic dose in humans followed by the screening of differentially expressed genes in the tissues, using a 4×44-K whole-genome rat chip (Agilent microarray platform; Agilent Technologies, Palo Alto, CA, USA in conjunction with a dye-swap approach, a novelty of this study. Fourteen days after LO treatment and compared with a control group (sham, a total of 156 and 154 up (≧ 1.5-fold- and down (≦ 0.75-fold-regulated genes, 174 and 66 up- (≧ 1.5-fold- and down (≦ 0.75-fold-regulated genes, and 222 and 322 up- (≧ 1.5-fold- and down (≦ 0.75-fold-regulated genes showed differential expression at the mRNA level in the small intestine, spleen and liver, respectively. The reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR validation of highly up- and down-regulated genes confirmed the regulation of the Papd4, Lrp1b, Alb, Cyr61, Cyp2c, and Cxcl1 genes by LO as examples in these tissues. Using bioinformatics, including Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA, differentially expressed genes were functionally categorized by their Gene Ontology (GO and biological function and network analysis, revealing their diverse functions and potential roles in LO-mediated effects in rat. Further IPA analysis in particular unraveled the presence of novel genes, such as Papd4, Or8k5, Gprc5b, Taar5, Trpc6, Pld2 and Onecut3 (up-regulated top molecules and Tnf, Slc45a4, Slc25a23 and Samt4 (down-regulated top molecules, to be influenced by LO treatment in the small intestine, spleen and

  16. Optimal nonpharmacological management of agitation in Alzheimer’s disease: challenges and solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Millán-Calenti JC

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available José Carlos Millán-Calenti,1 Laura Lorenzo-López,1 Begoña Alonso-Búa,1 Carmen de Labra,2 Isabel González-Abraldes,1 Ana Maseda1 1Gerontology Research Group, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidade da Coruña, A Coruña, Spain; 2Research, Development and Innovation Department, Gerontological Complex La Milagrosa, Provincial Association of Pensioners and Retired People (UDP from A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain Abstract: Many patients with Alzheimer’s disease will develop agitation at later stages of the disease, which constitutes one of the most challenging and distressing aspects of dementia. Recently, nonpharmacological therapies have become increasingly popular and have been proven to be effective in managing the behavioral symptoms (including agitation that are common in the middle or later stages of dementia. These therapies seem to be a good alternative to pharmacological treatment to avoid unpleasant side effects. We present a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs focused on the nonpharmacological management of agitation in Alzheimer’s disease (AD patients aged 65 years and above. Of the 754 studies found, eight met the inclusion criteria. This review suggests that music therapy is optimal for the management of agitation in institutionalized patients with moderately severe and severe AD, particularly when the intervention includes individualized and interactive music. Bright light therapy has little and possibly no clinically significant effects with respect to observational ratings of agitation but decreases caregiver ratings of physical and verbal agitation. Therapeutic touch is effective for reducing physical nonaggressive behaviors but is not superior to simulated therapeutic touch or usual care for reducing physically aggressive and verbally agitated behaviors. Melissa oil aromatherapy and behavioral management techniques are not superior to placebo or pharmacological therapies for

  17. 餐厨垃圾微生物发酵生产生物饲料的研究%Microbial Fermentation of Kitchen Waste for Bio-Feed

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄禧懿; 储卫华; 马兴旺; 朱卫

    2012-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine the effects of microbe(Canaziaa tropicalis ,Saccharomyces cerivisiae,Bacillus subtilis) inoculation on kitchen food waste containing 60% water to produce bio-feed. The optimal conditions were obtained as follow;adding 1. 5% urea,inoculation with 2% microbe(the ratio of three strains was 1 :1 : 1), fermentation at 30 ℃ for 48 h and then drying at 50 ℃. The crude protein content increased 4. 5% and reached 28%. The number of Bacillus subtilis and total yeast were over 5. 2 × 109 cfu · g-1 and 8. 4×108 cfu ·g-1, respectively. The products exhibited the characteristics of both protein feed and probiot-ics with aromatherapy scent and good palatability.%以含水量60%的餐厨垃圾为原料,研究了对其用微生物(热带假丝酵母Candida tropicalis、啤酒酵母Saccharomyces cerivisiae、枯草芽孢杆菌Bacillus subtilis)发酵生产生物饲料的工艺条件.确定最佳工艺条件为:餐厨垃圾添加1.5%的尿素,以热带假丝酵母:啤酒酵母:枯草芽孢杆菌=1:1:1混合菌作为种子液,接种量2%,30℃发酵48h后,50℃烘干.在此条件下所得发酵产物的粗蛋白含量达到28%,比原来增加了4.5%,枯草芽孢杆菌及总酵母菌含量分别在5.2×109 cfu·g-1和8.4×108 cfu· g-1以上,发酵产物有芳香气味,适口性强,具有蛋白饲料和微生态制剂的双重特性.

  18. 非药物分娩镇痛的研究进展%Research progress of non-pharmacological labor analgesia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺腾; 张时鸿

    2016-01-01

    分娩疼痛是造成母婴不良妊娠结局和剖宫产率增高的重要原因之一。根据分娩疼痛与内源性镇痛措施的生理机制,设计缓解分娩疼痛或增强分娩者疼痛耐受力的非药物分娩镇痛方法,可在维持母婴安全基础上,缓解分娩疼痛,促进自然分娩。笔者拟对精神预防性分娩镇痛法、拉玛泽减痛分娩法、陪伴分娩法、家庭式分娩法、音乐疗法、催眠疗法及松弛疗法等心理支持疗法,以及自由体位分娩疗法、穴位按摩疗法、针刺镇痛疗法、皮内水注射镇痛疗法、经皮神经电刺激镇痛疗法、水中分娩镇痛疗法、热疗与冷疗镇痛法、芳香镇痛疗法及分娩球镇痛疗法等生理干预镇痛疗法的多种非药物分娩镇痛方法的研究进展进行综述。%Severe labor pain is one of the important reasons leading to adverse labor outcomes and high cesarean section rate. According to the physiological mechanisms of labor pain and endogenous analgesia,the methods of non-pharmacological labor analgesia are designed to release labor pain and increase labor pain tolerance.On the basis of maintaining maternal and child safety,non-pharmacologic measures can relieve labor pain and promote natural delivery.The author will review the research progress of several methods of non-pharmacologic labor analgesia containing psychological support therapy and intervention analgesia technology to body.The psychological support therapies include psychoprophylaxis analgesia,Lamaze breathing,accompanied delivery,domiciliary delivery, music therapy,hypnosis and relax therapy and so on.The intervention analgesia technologies to body include free labor positioning,acupressure and acupuncture,intradermal water blocks,transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation,water baths,hot and cold applications,aromatherapy and birth ball and so on.

  19. Unraveling the Rat Intestine, Spleen and Liver Genome-Wide Transcriptome after the Oral Administration of Lavender Oil by a Two-Color Dye-Swap DNA Microarray Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubo, Hiroko; Shibato, Junko; Saito, Tomomi; Ogawa, Tetsuo; Rakwal, Randeep; Shioda, Seiji

    2015-01-01

    The use of lavender oil (LO)--a commonly, used oil in aromatherapy, with well-defined volatile components linalool and linalyl acetate--in non-traditional medicine is increasing globally. To understand and demonstrate the potential positive effects of LO on the body, we have established an animal model in this current study, investigating the orally administered LO effects genome wide in the rat small intestine, spleen, and liver. The rats were administered LO at 5 mg/kg (usual therapeutic dose in humans) followed by the screening of differentially expressed genes in the tissues, using a 4×44-K whole-genome rat chip (Agilent microarray platform; Agilent Technologies, Palo Alto, CA, USA) in conjunction with a dye-swap approach, a novelty of this study. Fourteen days after LO treatment and compared with a control group (sham), a total of 156 and 154 up (≧ 1.5-fold)- and down (≦ 0.75-fold)-regulated genes, 174 and 66 up- (≧ 1.5-fold)- and down (≦ 0.75-fold)-regulated genes, and 222 and 322 up- (≧ 1.5-fold)- and down (≦ 0.75-fold)-regulated genes showed differential expression at the mRNA level in the small intestine, spleen and liver, respectively. The reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) validation of highly up- and down-regulated genes confirmed the regulation of the Papd4, Lrp1b, Alb, Cyr61, Cyp2c, and Cxcl1 genes by LO as examples in these tissues. Using bioinformatics, including Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA), differentially expressed genes were functionally categorized by their Gene Ontology (GO) and biological function and network analysis, revealing their diverse functions and potential roles in LO-mediated effects in rat. Further IPA analysis in particular unraveled the presence of novel genes, such as Papd4, Or8k5, Gprc5b, Taar5, Trpc6, Pld2 and Onecut3 (up-regulated top molecules) and Tnf, Slc45a4, Slc25a23 and Samt4 (down-regulated top molecules), to be influenced by LO treatment in the small intestine, spleen and liver

  20. Essential oil of Croton zehntneri and its main constituent anethole block excitability of rat peripheral nerve.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva-Alves, Kerly Shamyra; Ferreira-da-Silva, Francisco Walber; Coelho-de-Souza, Andrelina Noronha; Albuquerque, Aline Alice Cavalcante; do Vale, Otoni Cardoso; Leal-Cardoso, José Henrique

    2015-03-01

    conduction velocities of the compound action potential waves investigated. In conclusion, we demonstrated here that the essential oil of C. zehntneri blocks neuronal excitability and that this effect, which can be predominantly attributable to its major constituent, anethole, is important since these agents have several pharmacological effects likely related to the alteration of excitability. This finding is relevant due to the use of essential oils in aromatherapy and the low acute toxicity of this agent, which exhibits other effects of potential therapeutic usefulness. PMID:25714722

  1. Comparative Studies on Physicochemical Properties and GC-MS Analysis of Essential Oil of the Two Varieties of the Aniseed (Pimpinella anisum Linn. in Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shamsun Naher

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Pimpinella anisum Linn. is locally known as Mohuri in Bangladesh. It is used as spices all over the world. In this study essential oil of the two varieties of aniseed from two different places of Bangladesh were investigated by GC-MS. Aniseed (Pimpinella anisum Linn. essential oil has been widely used in aromatherapy for breathing difficulties as well as has a good effect on asthma as a natural asthma remedy. Total 9 chemical constituents were found by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC-MS analysis from the essential oil of Bangladeshi Dhaka aniseed. The oil rich in cis-Anethole (69.404%, D-Limonene (13.273%, Bycyclo[2,2,1]heptan-2-one,1,3,3-trimethyl(11.413%, trans-Anethole (1.977%, Benzene,1 methyl-3-(1-methyethyl- (1.447%, 1R-alpha-pinene (0.946%, alpha-pinene (0.943%, Eucalyptol (0.447%, Hexaborane (0.150%.On the other hand total 8 chemical constituents were found from the Bangladeshi Bogra aniseed essential oil. The oil contains cis-Anethole (85.321%, Cyclobutane,1,2-bis(1-methylethenyl (6.492%, Bycyclo[2,2,1]heptan-2-one,1,3,3-trimethyl (5.440%, 1R-alpha-pinene (0.873%, trans-Anethole (0.697%, 1,3,8-p-Menthatriene(0.462%, 1,3,6-octatriene,3,7-dimethyl-,(E- (0.414%, Eucalyptol (0.300%. Quantification of active principles through analytical tools is essential for establishing the authenticity and credibility. Steam distillation extraction combined with GC-MS has been shown to be a valuable tool for the analysis of aniseed constituents and can provide a useful guide to component variation. The main objective of the present study was focused on identification and quantification of chemical constituents present in the essential oil of aniseed by GC-MS methods.

  2. Clinical research of combined rehabilitation therapy with traditional Chinese medicine%中医肿瘤综合康复治疗的尝试与初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董倩; 刘娅宁; 吴皓; 刘硕; 孙国明; 张林; 旷丽萍; 林洪生

    2013-01-01

    Objective To attempt to apply integrated cancer rehabilitation methods in clinical use, combining traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) , psychological intervention, nutritional guidance and physical exercise, and to estimate their curative effects in order to search for the effective and suitable rehabilitation methods for cancer patients. Methods We brought 56 different kinds and stages of cancer patients with KPS≥60 who have completed operations, chemotherapy or radiation therapy into our research. All the patients were in hospital and accepted 10 to 14 days combined rehabilitation therapy with traditional Chinese medicine, which included Chinese herbs, tonic herbal paste, medicated bath, acupuncture and moxibus-tion. We coordinated with psychological intervention, which involved counseling, aromatherapy, art therapy and film and video, etc. , along with nutritional guidance and Chinese traditional physical exercise, and paid follow-up visits two months later. Results 54 patients were analyzed. The results indicate that the combined cancer rehabilitation therapy with TCM can obviously improve the clinical symptoms ( P < 0. 001) , the condition of physical strength (P < 0. 001) , the mental state of anxiety-depression (P < 0. 05) and also improve the patients' nutritional state (P < 0. 05). The combined cancer rehabilitation therapy with TCM can obviously improve the patients' quality of life ( P < 0. 05 ). Conclusions The combined cancer rehabilitation therapies with TCM have the effect of improving QOL of cancer patients. It is worth further investigation to explore practicable rehabilitation and follow-up methods and lead cancer patients to recover through the most advanced scientific methods.%目的 尝试中医药、心理干预、营养指导及运动为一体的综合治疗方法在肿瘤康复中的应用并评价其疗效,探讨有效且适合肿瘤患者的康复方法.方法 纳入卡氏评分≥60分的术后或放、化疗

  3. 多菌种两步法联合发酵饲料的研究%Multi-strain co-fermented feed by two-step method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘桂香; 史瑛; 赵建新; 张灏; 陈卫

    2016-01-01

    试验研究了利用米曲霉、根霉、啤酒酵母、枯草芽孢杆菌、植物乳杆菌两步法联合发酵饲料的最佳工艺条件。试验结果显示,发酵饲料的最佳接种量为霉菌(黑根霉∶米曲米为1∶1)1%、枯草芽孢杆菌1%、啤酒酵母6%、植物乳杆菌1%;最佳料水比为1∶0.7;最佳工艺为在发酵初始将所有菌种接种到灭菌饲料中,在30℃下保温保湿发酵24 h,然后升温至37℃继续通风发酵24 h,封袋,进入厌氧发酵阶段,25℃发酵6 d。最终发酵饲料粗蛋白质质量分数为32%,比发酵前增加了59%,α-淀粉酶活力103 U/g,蛋白酶活力123 U/g,乳酸菌为4.7×1011 CFU/g,枯草芽孢杆菌为1.3×1010 CFU/g,酵母菌为1.8×104 CFU/g,为富蛋白质、富益生菌以及高酶活性的芳香适口的饲料。%The optimum process conditions of multi-strain(Aspergillus oryzae ,Rhizopus nigricans ,Saccharomyces cerevisi-ae ,Bacillus subtilis and Lactobacillus )co-fermented feed by two-step method were studied.The experiment results showed that the optimal inoculation amount of mould(Aspergillus oryzae ∶Rhizopus nigricans =1∶1)was 1%,Saccharomyces cere-visiae 1%,Bacillus subtilis 1% and Lactobacillus 1%.The ratio of material to water was 1∶0.7.All kinds of strains were in-oculumed to the sterile steamed feed at the beginning of fermention,and were kept at 30℃ for 12 h,then at 37℃ for ventilation fermentation for 24 h,and then sealed up for anaerobic fermentation,and kept at 25℃ for 6 days.The crude protein content of the fermented feed increased by 59% and reached 32%.The α-amylase activity reached 103 U/g and protease activity reached 123 U/g.The number of Lactobacillus reached 4.7×10 1 1 CFU/g,Bacillus subtilis reached 1.3 ×10 1 0 CFU/g and Saccharo-myces cerevisiae reached 1.8×10 4 CFU/g.The product exbihited the characteristics of both protein feed and probiotics and en-zyme activity with aromatherapy scent and good palatability.

  4. Analysis of aroma-active compounds in three sweet osmanthus (Osmanthus fragrans) cultivars by GC-olfactometry and GC-MS%运用气相色谱-嗅觉测量法和气质联用法分析三个桂花品种的香气活性物质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xuan CAI; Rong-zhang MAI; Jing-jing ZOU; Hong-yan ZHANG; Xiang-ling ZENG; Ri-ru ZHENG; Cai-yun WANG

    2014-01-01

    Objective:Aroma is the core factor in aromatherapy. Sensory evaluation of aromas differed among three sweet osmanthus (Osmanthus fragrans) cultivar groups. The purpose of this study was to investigate the aroma-active compounds responsible for these differences. Methods: Gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O) and GC-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) were used to analyze the aroma-active compounds and volatiles of creamy-white (‘Houban Yingui’, HBYG), yellow (‘Liuye Jingui’, LYJG), and orange (‘Gecheng Dangui’, GCDG) cultivars. Results:Seventeen aroma-active compounds were detected among 54 volatiles. trans-β-Ocimene, trans-β-ionone, and linalool, which were major volatiles, were identified as aroma-active, while cis-3-hexenyl butanoate,γ-terpinene, and hexyl butanoate were also aroma-active compounds, although their contents were low. Analysis of the odors was based on the sum of the modified frequency (MF) values of aroma-active compounds in different odor groups. HBYG contained more herb odors, contributed by cis-β-ocimene and trans-β-ocimene, while LYJG had more woody/violet/fruity odors released by trans-β-ionone, α-ionone, and hexyl butanoate. In GCDG, the more floral odors were the result of cis-linalool oxide, trans-linalool oxide, and linalool. Conclusions:Aroma-active compounds were not necessarily only the major volatiles:some volatiles with low content also contributed to aroma. The aroma differences among the three cultivars resulted from variation in the content of different odor groups and in the intensities of aroma-active compounds.%研究目的:分析不同桂花品种感官评价差异所对应的香气成分,及其有贡献的香气活性物质,为桂花的生物科学应用提供依据。创新要点:首次运用气相色谱-嗅觉测量法(GC-O)结合气质联用法(GC-MS)对所分离的挥发性物质进行定性和半定量分析,并同时结合其气味描述,分析不同桂花品种的香气活性物质特征

  5. Improvement of application properties of chitosan-based food packaging films by lavender essential oil%薰衣草精油改善壳聚糖基食品包装膜的应用品质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张赟彬; 王景文; 李月霞; 王一非; 姜萍萍; 刘笑宇

    2014-01-01

    potential biodegradable material due to its edibility, film-forming capacity, non-toxicity, antibacterial activity, biocompatibility and biodegradability. Traditional chitosan-based composite films are made by the casting-evaporation method. However, inferior waterproof and mechanical properties limit their applications in food package industries. Many researches have been conducted to improve the CS film. Incorporating one or several substancesinto CS film have been widespreadly used. Moreover, acetic acid and chitosan-acetate can be removed from traditionally prepared CS film by alkali leaching, resulting in lower film water-solubility. Lavender essential oil (LEO) can be used as sedative, antispasmodic, antiviral and bacteriostat in industries of perfume, aromatherapy and pharmacy. LEO can also be used as a natural spice in drink, ice cream, candy, bakery and chewing gum. In order to improve the physical and mechanical properties of conventional chitosan-based food packaging films, lavender essential oil/chitosan composite films were made with CS by casting-evaporation-alkali leaching method in this study. The films microstructures were characterized by Fourier transform infrared reflectance spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD). The impacts of LEO content on the thickness, mechanical properties, volatiles content, water contact angle, water solubility and swelling property of films were investigated. The results indicated that the partial functional group’s locations of CS matrix were occupied by the LEO ingredients with reduced vibration intensity of covalent bond of CS. Reduced free hydrogen group could form hydrophilic bonds with water, then resulted in the loss of moisture content of films. Moreover, Chitosan-acetate content increased by incorporating LEO. The thicknesses of all films ranged from (20.60±0.34) μm to (23.35±0.65) μm. There was no linear relationship between the film thickness and LEO concentration. Tensile strength (TS) and elongation at