Sample records for army weapon systems

  1. Optimizing the Sustainment of U.S. Army Weapon Systems (United States)


    64 OPTIMIZING SUSTAINMENT OF ARMY SYSTEMS 6 Chapter 1 - Optimizing the Sustainment of U.S. Army Weapon Systems In a paradigm shift from...past 13 years. The result has been the erosion of perishable maintenance skills. The Army must develop the most effective plan to sustain these...communities to study and effectively manage Army sustainment . One effort is the development of Maintenance Steering Groups (MSG) to perform extensive

  2. Weapons Systems, United States Army 1997. (United States)


    in a tactical environment. The M1070 trac - tor has front- and rear-axle steering, a central tire inflation system, and cab space for six personnel to...Cavalry Regiments-Squadrons, Field Artillery Battalions A3-based BFIST planned (XM7A1) France: AMX-10 PAC-90, AMX VTT /LT; Russia: BMP PRP-3, BMP PRP-4...Sensor-Heavy, Armored Transport and Treatment Vehicle (planned) China: Type 85 ACV, WZ-506, Type 90 CV; France: AMX-10PC, AMX VTT /PC; Germany: Tpzl

  3. US Army Weapon Systems Human-Computer Interface (WSHCI) style guide, Version 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avery, L.W.; O`Mara, P.A.; Shepard, A.P.


    A stated goal of the U.S. Army has been the standardization of the human computer interfaces (HCIS) of its system. Some of the tools being used to accomplish this standardization are HCI design guidelines and style guides. Currently, the Army is employing a number of style guides. While these style guides provide good guidance for the command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence (C4I) domain, they do not necessarily represent the more unique requirements of the Army`s real time and near-real time (RT/NRT) weapon systems. The Office of the Director of Information for Command, Control, Communications, and Computers (DISC4), in conjunction with the Weapon Systems Technical Architecture Working Group (WSTAWG), recognized this need as part of their activities to revise the Army Technical Architecture (ATA). To address this need, DISC4 tasked the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to develop an Army weapon systems unique HCI style guide. This document, the U.S. Army Weapon Systems Human-Computer Interface (WSHCI) Style Guide, represents the first version of that style guide. The purpose of this document is to provide HCI design guidance for RT/NRT Army systems across the weapon systems domains of ground, aviation, missile, and soldier systems. Each domain should customize and extend this guidance by developing their domain-specific style guides, which will be used to guide the development of future systems within their domains.

  4. U.S. Army weapon systems human-computer interface style guide. Version 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avery, L.W.; O`Mara, P.A.; Shepard, A.P.; Donohoo, D.T.


    A stated goal of the US Army has been the standardization of the human computer interfaces (HCIs) of its system. Some of the tools being used to accomplish this standardization are HCI design guidelines and style guides. Currently, the Army is employing a number of HCI design guidance documents. While these style guides provide good guidance for the command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence (C4I) domain, they do not necessarily represent the more unique requirements of the Army`s real time and near-real time (RT/NRT) weapon systems. The Office of the Director of Information for Command, Control, Communications, and Computers (DISC4), in conjunction with the Weapon Systems Technical Architecture Working Group (WSTAWG), recognized this need as part of their activities to revise the Army Technical Architecture (ATA), now termed the Joint Technical Architecture-Army (JTA-A). To address this need, DISC4 tasked the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to develop an Army weapon systems unique HCI style guide, which resulted in the US Army Weapon Systems Human-Computer Interface (WSHCI) Style Guide Version 1. Based on feedback from the user community, DISC4 further tasked PNNL to revise Version 1 and publish Version 2. The intent was to update some of the research and incorporate some enhancements. This document provides that revision. The purpose of this document is to provide HCI design guidance for the RT/NRT Army system domain across the weapon systems subdomains of ground, aviation, missile, and soldier systems. Each subdomain should customize and extend this guidance by developing their domain-specific style guides, which will be used to guide the development of future systems within their subdomains.

  5. Technical analysis of US Army Weapons Systems and related advanced technologies of military interest. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    This report summarizes the activities and accomplishments of an US Army technology security project designed to identify and develop effective policy guidelines for militarily critical technologies in specific Army systems and in broad generic technology areas of military interest, Individual systems analyses are documented in separate Weapons Systems Technical Assessments (WSTAs) and the general generic technology areas are evaluated in the Advanced Technology Assessment Reports (ATARs), However, specific details of these assessments are not addressed here, only recommendations regarding aspects of the defined approach, methodology, and format are provided and discussed.

  6. Nuclear Weapons Effects on Army Tactical Systems. Volume 1. Overview (United States)



  7. Making Weapons for the Terracotta Army

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Martinón-Torres


    Full Text Available The Terracotta Army of the First Emperor of China is one of the most emblematic archaeological sites in the world. Many questions remain about the logistics of technology, standardisation and labour organisation behind the creation of such a colossal construction in just a few decades over 2,000 years ago. An ongoing research project co-ordinated between the UCL Institute of Archaeology and the Emperor Qin Shihang's Terracotta Army Museum is beginning to address some of these questions. This paper outlines some results of the typological, metric, microscopic, chemical and spatial analyses of the 40,000 bronze weapons recovered with the Terracotta Warriors. Thanks to a holistic approach developed specifically for this project, it is possible to reveal remarkable aspects of the organisation of the Qin workforce in production cells, of the standardisation, efficiency and quality-control procedures employed, and of the sophisticated technical knowledge of the weapon-makers.

  8. Analysis of army-wide hearing conservation database for hearing profiles related to crew-served and individual weapon systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William A Ahroon


    Full Text Available Damage-risk criteria (DRC for noise exposures are designed to protect 95% of the exposed populations from hearing injuries caused by those noise exposures. The current DRC used by the US military follows OSHA guidelines for continuous noise. The current military DRC for impulse exposures follows the recommendations from the National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council Committee on Hearing, Bioacoustics, and Biomechanics (CHABA and are contained in the current military standard, MIL-STD-1474D "Noise Limits." Suggesting that the MIL-STD for impulse exposure is too stringent, various individuals have proposed that the DRC for exposure to high-level impulses be relaxed. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the current hearing status of US Army Soldiers, some of whom can be, by their military occupational specialties (MOS, reasonably expected to be routinely exposed to high-level impulses from weapon systems. The Defense Occupational and Environmental Health Readiness System - Hearing Conservation (DOEHRS-HC was queried for the hearing status of enlisted Soldiers of 32 different MOSs. The results indicated that less than 95% of the Soldiers in the DOEHRS-HC database were classified as having normal hearing. In other words, the goal of the DRC used for limiting noise injuries (from continuous and impulse exposures was not stringent enough to prevent hearing injuries in all but the most susceptible Soldiers. These results suggest that the current military noise DRC should not be relaxed.

  9. Improving U. S. Army Analysis of Alternatives to Better Address the Weapon Systems Acquisition Reform Act of 2009 (United States)


    Hume (2012) presents ideas for building an analytical framework for the capabilities development process. TRAC (2011b) presents recommendations to...TRAC WSMR Mr. Scott Schoeb, Chief, Maneuver Systems Branch, AMSAA Mr. Alan Dinsmore, Integration Team Leader, AMSAA Mr. David Henningsen, Office...continue to be, involved in multiple Army AoAs. The name, rank, organization, and position are provided below for each person interviewed. Dr. David

  10. Operational research in weapon system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. S. Varma


    Full Text Available "The paper is divided into three parts: (a The first part deals with what operational research is. (bThe second part gives what we mean by Weapon Systems and discusses considerations that determine the choice of a particular weapon system from a class weapon systems. (cThe third part deals with some aspects of weapon replacement policy.The effectiveness of a weapon system is defined as E=D/C where E is weapon effectiveness (a comparative figure of merit; D is total damage inflicted or prevented and C is total cost, D and C being reduced to common dimensions. During the course of investigations, criteria regarding to choice of weapon or weapons from a set of weapon systems are established through production function and military effect curves. A procedure is described which maximizes the expectation of military utility in order to select a weapon system from the class of weapon systems. This is done under the following simplifying assumptions: (a Non- decreasing utility function; (b Constant average cost for each kind of weapons; and (c Independence of the performance of each unit of weapon. Some of the difficulties which arises when any of these restrictions is relaxed are briefly mentioned. Finally, the policy of weapon replacement and the factors governing the same are described."

  11. Proportionality and Autonomous Weapons Systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Boogaard, J.


    Given the swift technologic development, it may be expected that the availability of the first truly autonomous weapons systems is fast approaching. Once they are deployed, these weapons will use artificial intelligence to select and attack targets without further human intervention. Autonomous weap

  12. Changing the Army’s Weapon Training Strategies to Meet Operational Requirements More Efficiently and Effectively (United States)


    Guard ARRM Army Range Requirements Model ASCC Army Service Component Command ASI Additional Skill Identifier ATLD Army Training and Leader Development...Corporation, MG-538-A, 2007. 3 The terms virtual and simulator overlap somewhat. The DoD Modeling and Simulation (M&S) Glossary, March 2010, defines...for live-fire qualification.8 The LMTS uses a laser transmitter on the individual soldier’s issued weapon to engage a reflective target. A scor - ing

  13. Nonlethal weapons as force options for the Army

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alexander, J.B.


    This paper suggests that future challenges to US national security will be very different from those previously experienced. In a number of foreseeable circumstances, conventional military force will be inappropriate. The National Command Authority, and other appropriate levels of command, need expanded options available to meet threats for which the application of massive lethal force is counterproductive or inadvisable. It is proposed that nonlethal concepts be developed that provide additional options for military leaders and politicians. Included in this initiative should be exploration of policy, strategy, doctrine, and training issues as well as the development of selected technologies and weapons. In addition, civilian law enforcement agencies have similar requirements for less-than-lethal systems. This may be an excellent example for a joint technology development venture.

  14. A Comparative Analysis of the Resources Required for Test and Evaluation on Army-Led Weapon System Programs, Based Upon Program Size and Acquisition Management Complexity (United States)


    exposure to NBC contamination. • Medical Defense – Army. Medical prophylaxis, pretreatment , and therapies used to protect personnel from the toxic or temperate climate tests, including automotive cold start capabilities, mines, explosives , small arms tests, direct fire tests, sensor testing...capabilities, including a dynamic fire test chamber, a pressurized steam test chamber, and a thermal oven chamber specifically designed for the testing of

  15. Weapon Control System for Airborne Application.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Sankar Kishore


    Full Text Available The integrated fire' control system (IFCS plays an important role in the present-day fighter aircraft and helicopters. Wecapons, such as missiles (active/passive, rockets and guns may be present on thelfighter aircraft or helicopter .IFCS monitors the status of the weapons present on the vehicle and passes the information to pilot/co-pilot. Depending upon the health/availability of the weapons, IFCS selects/fires the weapons. An attempt has been made to bring out the details of one such IFCS. As a I stepping stone, smaller version is developed and same philosophy can be used for integrating ftlore and I more weapons. Here, emphasis has been made on design and development of weapon control unit which is the heart f IFCS, both in hardware and software. The system has been developed using a 486 DX2 processor, and an elaborate software has been developed in PL/M.

  16. Army Contract Writing System (ACWS) (United States)


    the integration with Army Enterprise Resource Planning systems. As a financial feeder system, ACWS will meet the compliance requirements of the...Federal Financial Management Improvement Act of 1996. The system will meet the full scope of Army Contracting requirements, including those in secure process efficiencies, support compliance with the Federal Financial Management Improvement Act of 1996, integrate with existing Enterprise

  17. United States Army Weapon Systems 2010 (United States)


    Countermeasure (MRADC): Acute radiation syndrome (ARS) manifests as hematopoietic (bone marrow), gastrointestinal, and cerebrovascular subsyndromes...materials resulting from offensive conventional strike missions performed by U.S. or allied forces on CBRN facilities; and selected accidental

  18. Task Analyses of Three Selected Weapons Systems. (United States)


    using weapons is a joint function of the specific weapon system, the goals (missions) of the system, and the environment in which it is used. The first...Identification of fire mission profiles which state general job functions for each type of typical mission. Documentary sources such as Field Manuals...nd Arin,,, Ui, Guni i A,!i" tant uuPnrr No. I Can; n , r Grup - ( nile. .rs and Prir Diff,-ront S, tm: -inch L,,t.’r _, Fort Hood l::t Cavall, I

  19. Demand Analysis of Informational Shipboard Gun Weapon System Interface Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WANG Hui-chuan


    Full Text Available According to development demand of informational shipboard gun weapon system, design concept of shipboard gun weapon system interface is proposed. System composition is put forward and function demand of interface is analyzed from combat, training and detection aspects. General principle need to be followed in design process. A new concept is provided for development of shipboard gun weapon system interface.

  20. Agent-based Modeling Methodology for Analyzing Weapons Systems (United States)


    43 Figure 14: Simulation Study Methodology for the Weapon System Analysis Metrics Definition and Data Collection The analysis plan calls for...AGENT-BASED MODELING METHODOLOGY FOR ANALYZING WEAPONS SYSTEMS THESIS Casey D. Connors, Major, USA...AGENT-BASED MODELING METHODOLOGY FOR ANALYZING WEAPONS SYSTEMS THESIS Presented to the Faculty Department of Operational Sciences

  1. Feature extraction from time domain acoustic signatures of weapons systems fire (United States)

    Yang, Christine; Goldman, Geoffrey H.


    The U.S. Army is interested in developing algorithms to classify weapons systems fire based on their acoustic signatures. To support this effort, an algorithm was developed to extract features from acoustic signatures of weapons systems fire and applied to over 1300 signatures. The algorithm filtered the data using standard techniques then estimated the amplitude and time of the first five peaks and troughs and the location of the zero crossing in the waveform. The results were stored in Excel spreadsheets. The results are being used to develop and test acoustic classifier algorithms.

  2. 2007-2008 Weapon Systems (United States)


    Begin destruction of binary neutralent in the Wet Air Oxidation system at Texas Molecular in Deer Park, TX • 3QFY07: Achieve 100 percent... Lufkin , TX) Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) LMTV A1 Cargo MTV A1 Cargo Payload: 5,000 pounds 10,000 pounds Towed load: 12,000 pounds 21,000...FOREIGN MILITARY SALES None CONTRACTORS EADS North America (Arlington, VA) American Eurocopter (Columbus, MS; Grand Prairie, TX) CAE USA (Tampa, FL

  3. Systems engineering analysis of kinetic energy weapon concepts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Senglaub, M.


    This study examines, from a systems engineering design perspective, the potential of kinetic energy weapons being used in the role of a conventional strategic weapon. Within the Department of Energy (DOE) complex, strategic weapon experience falls predominantly in the nuclear weapons arena. The techniques developed over the years may not be the most suitable methodologies for use in a new design/development arena. For this reason a more fundamental approach was pursued with the objective of developing an information base from which design decisions might be made concerning the conventional strategic weapon system concepts. The study examined (1) a number of generic missions, (2) the effects of a number of damage mechanisms from a physics perspective, (3) measures of effectiveness (MOE`s), and (4) a design envelope for kinetic energy weapon concepts. With the base of information a cut at developing a set of high-level system requirements was made, and a number of concepts were assessed against these requirements.

  4. Modeling of C3 I system in laser countermeasure weapon system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Chang-xi; GUO Li-hong


    With the spectrum extended in modem Electronic War, Laser Countermeasure Weapon will be re-quested in order to snatch up and keep the Electromagnetism-Power in war field. If Command, Control, Com-munications and Intelligence called Double-Army-Power-Implement is applied to general design of Laser Coun-termeasure Weapon System, the efficiency of Weapon System can be greatly improved. The Object-Oriented a-nalysis and design approach based on UML for C3I system architecture was put forward, by which logical archi-tecture described by class diagrams and behavior diagrams can be developed through Object-Oriented analysis,and physical architecture described by component diagrams and deployment diagrams can be developed through Object-Oriented design. The framework of Modeling based UML was firstly set forth, the high process of Com-mand, Control, Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance and UML Architecture was utilized., Then the Modeling process was particularly discussed through following the core ideology and basic principle of RUP(Rational Unified Process). Next, a series of diagrams of UML diagram which include Activity diagrams, Use Case diagrams, Sequence diagrams, Package diagrams and Class diagrams of system analysis, Component dia-grams, and Deployment diagrams of system design are illustrated in the process of Modeling of C3I system soft-ware. Lastly, some problems that should be noticed in the Modeling process, merit and demerit of model, next works were also put forward.

  5. Autonomous Robotic Weapons: US Army Innovation for Ground Combat in the Twenty-First Century (United States)


    164 William Mathews, “Megacity Warfare: Taking Urban Combat To a Whole New Level,” ARMY Magazine, March, 2015, 31. 165 David Shunk, “ Mega Cities ...2014. Accessed April 2, 2015. “ Mega Cities , Ungoverned Areas, and the Challenge of Army... plan is expected to reduce the overall active force strength from 520,000 to less than 450,000 and from 44 BCTs to just 28 BCTs by FY 2019.102 These

  6. Army Energy and Water Reporting System Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deprez, Peggy C.; Giardinelli, Michael J.; Burke, John S.; Connell, Linda M.


    There are many areas of desired improvement for the Army Energy and Water Reporting System. The purpose of system is to serve as a data repository for collecting information from energy managers, which is then compiled into an annual energy report. This document summarizes reported shortcomings of the system and provides several alternative approaches for improving application usability and adding functionality. The U.S. Army has been using Army Energy and Water Reporting System (AEWRS) for many years to collect and compile energy data from installations for facilitating compliance with Federal and Department of Defense energy management program reporting requirements. In this analysis, staff from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory found that substantial opportunities exist to expand AEWRS functions to better assist the Army to effectively manage energy programs. Army leadership must decide if it wants to invest in expanding AEWRS capabilities as a web-based, enterprise-wide tool for improving the Army Energy and Water Management Program or simply maintaining a bottom-up reporting tool. This report looks at both improving system functionality from an operational perspective and increasing user-friendliness, but also as a tool for potential improvements to increase program effectiveness. The authors of this report recommend focusing on making the system easier for energy managers to input accurate data as the top priority for improving AEWRS. The next major focus of improvement would be improved reporting. The AEWRS user interface is dated and not user friendly, and a new system is recommended. While there are relatively minor improvements that could be made to the existing system to make it easier to use, significant improvements will be achieved with a user-friendly interface, new architecture, and a design that permits scalability and reliability. An expanded data set would naturally have need of additional requirements gathering and a focus on integrating

  7. Millimeter Wave Radar Applications to Weapons Systems (United States)


    ocity, and azimuth and elevation arRles ; assignment of target to L weapon for engagement; and assessment of the damage by the indication of cessa- tion...paper. 29 D.E. Gray, American institute of Physics Handbook ," McGraw-Hill, New S~York, 1957. --. . - - . .A • -•• =_ . . . . •,,- - - The complex...B-13) is the target-to-clutter power ratio. I. 41I 7 Handbook of Mathematical Functions, U.S. Department of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards

  8. Autonomous Weapon Systems and Risk Management in Hybrid Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Katrine

    In recent years, the development of autonomous weapon systems and so-called ‘killer robots’, has caused a number of serious legal and ethical concerns in the international community, including questions of compliance with International Humanitarian Law and the Laws of Armed Conflict. On the other...... hand, governments and military services hope to develop game-changing technologies, that are ‘better, faster and cheaper’. In this paper, I wish to show how different and competing regimes of justification shape the technopolitical controversy and risk management of autonomous weapon systems...

  9. Historical Cost Growth of Completed Weapon System Programs (United States)


    Management Program of RAND Project AIR FORCE. The project’s technical monitor is Jay Jordan, Technical Director of the Air Force Cost Analysis Agency. Other...CGFs for development costs range from a low of 1.16 for the nine ship weapon systems reviewed in Asher and Mag- gelet (1984) to a high of 2.26 for procurement) for each weapon system 2.26 (n = 6) 1.43 (n = 6) Not reported Asher and Maggelet (1984) Last SAR for program or December 1983 As of

  10. Army Training Study: Concepts of the Army Training System. (United States)


    Combat Units. 1 March 1971. Harher, Robert A. and Coleman, Charlie C. Application of Simulation Training Exercises to Crisis Relocation Planning...product or outpit of the Army’s helth -. Ssinn. 0 ro)gram qM is a go example of hw pr hugra-. udgetinc’ is intro-. to work. The Army’s health care

  11. Shipborne Laser Beam Weapon System for Defence against Cruise Missiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.P. Dudeja


    Full Text Available Sea-skim~ing cruise missiles pose the greatest threat to a surface ship in the present-day war scenario. The convenitional close-in-weapon-systems (CIWSs are becoming less reliable against these new challenges requiring extremely fast reaction time. Naval Forces see a high energy laser as a feasible andjeffective directed energy weapon against sea-skimming antiship cruise missiles becauseof its .ability to deliver destructive energy at the speed of light on to a distant target. The paper comparesthe technology and capability of deuterium fluoride (DF and chemical-oxygen-iodine laser (COIL in effectively performing the role of a shipborne CIWS altainst sea-skimming missiles. Out of these twolasers, it is argued that DF laser wo.uld be more effective a,s a shipborne weapon for defence against sea-skimmin,g cruise missiles. Besides the high energy laser as the primary (killing laser, othersub-systems required in the complete weapon system would be: A beacon laser to sense phase distor'ions in the primary laser, adaptive optics to compensate the atmospheric distortions, beam-directing optics, illuminating lasers, IRST sensors, surveillance and tracking radars, interfacing system, etc.

  12. Supply Chain Resilience: Assessing USAF Weapon System Life Cycle (United States)


    Appendix E: Supply Chain Resilience Storyboard ........................................................... 87 Bibliography...bolt that, in March 2000, struck a Philips semiconductor plant in Albuquerque, New Mexico , created a 10-minute blaze that contaminated millions of...strategic planning of weapon systems as they mature and progress through the life cycle. 87 Appendix E: Supply Chain Resilience Storyboard 88

  13. Power Systems and Energy Storage Modeling for Directed Energy Weapons (United States)


    electron laser kW Kilo-watt LCS Littoral Combat Ship LAWS Laser Weapon System MLD Maritime Laser Demonstration MW Mega -watt NiMH Nickel metal...and various littoral combat ships. Also, an accurate, working model of the capacitor energy bank is being developed and the flywheel model is being

  14. Engineering Design Handbook. Army Weapon Systems Analysis. Part 2 (United States)


    in combat actions. Lanchester’s original investigations into combat theory involved primarily the analysis of " homo - geneous" forces on each side, and...aý4to a4 64 C ’a 0 S lCSCSC)O)CC C ~(.0*9 CCC ~ C6 "A " 0 C C wO C4:m cc’ eo "a 4.6 .44 <’lC. OS 9 31 _b C~ f C’lC’ 1 - t a,..oa- .C ~ I eCC CCCCC CCCC...SO-a" C-- $ 17,0 2)0*0&M 245 1w 8 925 211 AD 389295 Fum homo . k~W hoPt~ of8 4.75 212 W A0,389 331 Fu mF~Emov fsomk mTmUj 213 AD 4389 330 Fins. Pomv

  15. The United States Army 1996 Modernization Plan. (United States)


    Targeting-Air, Bi -static Radar for Weapons Location, Combined Arms Command and Control, Battlefield Combat Identification, The Army Combined Arms Weapon...Suppression system (BASS) and the Small Arms Protection system ( SAPS ), reducing weight of the removable armor paneling while providing improved...weapons. The effectiveness of biological warfare ( BW ) agents can now be enhanced through advanced biotechnology. Viruses may be made resistant to

  16. Precision-Guided Logistics. Flexible Support for the Force-Projection Army’s High-Technology Weapons, (United States)


    systems that are at the core of our analysis. We are also deeply grateful for the excellent work and special efforts of Lori Parker and Barbara Stanton...the FRA averaged 13 days.6 5For example, see "The Turn-In Caper ," P.S. Magazine, No. 440, July 1989, pp. 27-34. The advent of stock funding of depot...Evaluation of the VISION Assessment System, RAND, R-4182-A, 1992. "The Turn-In Caper ," P.S. Magazine, No. 440, July 1989, pp. 27-34. U.S. Army

  17. Status Reporting on Weapon System Acquisition Programs, (United States)


    Systems Division ( ASSD ) and the reschedulinq of vehicle acceptance testing milestones caused by thnse !e*e box deliveries. Impact to program: primarily due to the late delivery of the ASSD boxes (approximately 10 months late). Impact to program: None. 2 S...integration for which BCWP has been taken. The cumulative cost variance of ($22.5M) is primarily due to the late box deliveries from ASSD and the

  18. Army Science Board Ad Hoc Subgroup Report, Manning Army Systems (United States)


    VA 22314 (703) 751-2745 Major Brad Taylor, DCSP Military Staff Assistant Dr. Dan Risser , ARI Army Staff Assistant Dr. K.C. Emerson 560 Boulder...SINCGARS Meeting with DCSPER Mr. BradshawCAPL) Mr. Bennett(AMSAA) Dr. Risser (ARI) LtCol Abney LtGen Thurman 10 December, 1981 - The Pentagon...ASVAB Update Maintenance Data PM Trade BOIP/QQPRI/Div 86 Dr. Eaton(ARI) Dr. Risser (ARI) Dr. Hofer Col. Bettinger(SSC) 11 December, 1981

  19. Tank Weapon System Management. A Program for Maximum Effectiveness (United States)


    flow is minimal and positive. Authorizations: Current Proposed 76D10 9100 (8571) 8850 (81%) 76D20 1400 (15%) 1650 (19,) RECOMMENDATION: Etab &~h Mte...weapon system. RECOIMENtrATION: Etab &6h a Ppon4ive, ,ositve technicat c nnee to puvidc gqudaince and to kece u Jeedbacia on’ tank .6upp’PX irazteuL...System. An integrated group of procedures, methods, policies and may include the computer(s) and its software which is used to obtain, process and analyze

  20. Microcontroller based ground weapon control system(Short Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Sankar Kishore


    Full Text Available Armoured vehicles and tanks generally consist of high resolution optical (both infrared and visible and display systems for recognition and identification of the targets. Different weapons/articles to engage the targets may be present. A fire control system (FCS controls all the above systems, monitors the status of the articles present and passes the information to the display system. Depending upon the health and availability of the articles, the FCS selects and fires the articles. Design and development of ground control unit which is the heart of the FCS, both in hardware and software, has been emphasised. The system has been developed using microcontroller and software developed in ASM 51 language. The system also has a facility to test all the systems and articles as initial power on condition. From the safety point of view, software and hardware interlocks have been provided in the critical operations, like firing sequence. "

  1. Transfer alignment of shipborne inertial-guided weapon systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Changyue; Deng Zhenglong


    The transfer alignment problem of the shipborne weapon inertial navigation system (INS) is addressed. Specifically, two transfer alignment algorithms subjected to the ship motions induced by the waves are discussed. To consider the limited maneuver level performed by the ship, a new filter algorithm for transfer alignment methods using velocity and angular rate matching is first derived. And then an improved method using integrated velocity and integrated angular rate matching is introduced to reduce the effect of the ship body flexure. The simulation results show the feasibility and validity of the proposed transfer alignment algorithms.

  2. Strategy-Policy Mismatch: How the U.S. Army Can Help Close Gaps in Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction (United States)


    technical units. Finally, the Army should decide on roles, missions, component mixes , and training requirements for countering WMD to ensure that...been needed in Syria could also require forces to neutralize remaining mili- tary forces or insurgents. This will require a mix of combat and...sized (~319 personnel) Very Small Single building (e.g., tuwaitha yellow cake storage facility) Platoon-sized(~108 personnel) SOUrCe: U.S. Army, 2011a

  3. 77 FR 55195 - Notice of Public Meetings for the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for Naval Weapons Systems... (United States)


    ... Weapons Systems Training Facility Boardman, OR AGENCY: Department of the Navy, DoD. ACTION: Notice... and proposed DoN and Oregon National Guard training and testing activities at Naval Weapons...

  4. Small Arms - Hand and Shoulder Weapons and Machine Guns (United States)


    performance, reliability , etc. may require additional weapons and spare barrels. d. Whenever a certain minimum number of weapons is specified in...PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Small Arms Systems Division (TEDT-AT-FP-S) US Army Aberdeen Test Center 400 Colleran Road Aberdeen...Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC), AD No.: This TOP supersedes

  5. Study on effectiveness evaluation of weapon systems based on grey relational analysis and TOPSIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gu Hui; Song Bifeng


    To evaluate the effectiveness of weapon systems, the advantages and disadvantages of grey relational analysis and TOPSIS for multiattribute decision-making is pointed out, and an effectiveness evaluation model of weapon systems by combining grey relational analysis and TOPSIS is proposed. The model aggregates the grey relational grade and the distance to a new integrated closeness and reflects not only the trend but also the situation of the alternative. The example illuminates that the model is effective for the effectiveness evaluation of weapon systems.

  6. Lipophilic super-absorbent swelling gels as cleaners for use on weapons systems and platforms (United States)

    Increasingly stringent environmental regulations on volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) demand the development of disruptive technologies for cleaning weapons systems and platforms. Currently employed techniques such as vapor degreasing, solvent, aqueous, or blast c...

  7. Shifting Focus: Assessing the Role of U.S. Army Special Forces in the Counterproliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (United States)


    and nuclear CIA Central Intelligence Agency CNT counter narco -terrorism COCOM combatant commander CP counterproliferation CTR cooperative threat...integration of Army SF has not been applied in a coherent, long-term plan. Rather, a comparable program such as the cooperative counter narco to conduct its international efforts known as counter- narco terrorism (CNT) missions. In accordance with Section 1004 of the 1991 National

  8. Sāsānilerde Askeri Teşkilat, Silah Teknolojisi ve Savaş Stratejileri Army Organization, Weapon Technology And War Strategies In Sassanid Empire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulaş Töre SİVRİOĞLU


    Full Text Available Sassanids (224-651 have been the most potent foes of RomanEmpire more than four centuries. On the contrary, their cutting edgeand breakthrough innovations have been inspired by both RomanEmpire and Byzantine. As a result of that influence, Romans havebegun to give much importance to cavalry class more than any time inthe course of Roman Empire. Yet, Sassanids have been militarilyinfluenced by Turkish clans who have been living in the area ofMediterranean and middle Asia prairies, in terms of war tactics andarmed forces.Especially,in development of cavalry class and infoundation of heavy armored cavalry legions; Sassanids have exampledmiddle Asian military organizations. As a consequence of culturalintegrations during late antique age and early medieval era, both longdistant weapons and short distant weapons have emerged in the area offrontal Asian districts. Additionally, Sassanids have been highlydeveloped Empire in comparison with it’s time. Except for their armedforces, strategies of war, innovations in manufacturing weapons;Sassanids have also had jumbled military – bureaucracy class. Forinstance; they have appointed clergy class to the army and due to thefact that they have given importance to religious provocations duringwar time, they have occurred principles of war at the age of MedievalEra in terms of ideology. Archbishops of Sassanids namely Mobedan-ıMobeds have played key points in both military and political issues.Military system of Sassanids, martial bureaucracies , spying and theirpostal service organizations have been influenced and inspired byPersians (present time Iran and those who were rulers of thesurroundings of Iran’s called; Abbasid, Buwayhid, Seljuks, Ghaznavids.Furthermore; both fundamentals of military organizations of theSassanids and their military jargon have been mostly accepted byfurther conqueror governments; for instance, Turkish Muslimgovernments and Muslim Arabs. All in all, martial innovations

  9. Simulation of Fighter Aircraft Weapon Systems for Design and Performance Evaluation


    P. S. Subramanyam


    Simulation forms an essential tool in the system design and performance evaluation of fighter aircraft weapon systems. The various guidance strategies used for weapons like guns, missiles, bombs in the air-to-air or air-to-ground missions, for aiding the pilot for an effective delivery have been studied through extensive off-line and pilot-in-loop simulation. The pilot workload analysis carried out in the high fidelity cockpit simulator at the Aeronautical Development Agency , Bangalor...

  10. Mode Research on Space Weapons Systems Innovation Based Quality Function Deployment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Xiuhong


    Full Text Available in the aviation industry, experts are enthusiastic over the research of sophisticated weapons. Little specialist pays attention to the innovation modes and methods. Up to now little quantization method suitable for aviation weapon systems innovation is presented. Base on the deep analysis and study on features of aviation weapon systems innovation and different innovation mode from the mass production, we have designed process model and quality chain model of aviation weapon systems innovation. Compared with the process model of large-scale innovation, the process models are more complex including many feedbacks and adding five steps: task decomposition, analysis of knowledge gap, accumulation of key knowledge, outsourcing selection, system integration. Meanwhile manufacturing process and R&D process are preformed simultaneously, and are involved in the process of module development. Technology application and diffusion are preformed with delivering the final innovation product to user. Quality function deployment and quality house are adopted to deal with the quality transfer among nodes. Quality demands of one node are converted into the technique features of another node in the quality house. We designed the top-down technique features transfer model and bottom-up demands transfer model to solve the quality transfer problems among nodes. At last an example is given to illustrate that this approach can accelerate to blaze the aviation weapon systems trails more than the existing methods and effectively reach quality management of aviation weapon systems innovation.

  11. Training in Mechanized Stock Accounting Systems in Army Logistics. (United States)

    Leedy, Herbert B.

    Army experience with a small mechanized stock accounting system, the NCR 500, was studied with respect to personnel and training, in order to improve implementation of newer and more complex computer-based logistics systems. Officers and enlisted personnel in various duty positions connected with NCR 500 systems in four Far Eastern commands were…

  12. Assessing the Performance of the Army Reserve Components School System. (United States)

    Winkler, John D.; And Others

    The operation of the U.S. Army's Reserve Components (RC) school system was assessed. Three areas were identified that were fundamental to the system where organizational changes could make a difference. First, the project assessed training requirements and school delivery of courses. In serving a sizable training requirement for reclassification…

  13. 美国陆军先进高超声速武器气动问题分析%Aerodynamic Analysis of US Army Advanced Hypersonic Weapon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    Hypersonic flight vehicle is one of the main types of near space vehicle. This paper introduced the background and test vehicle conifguration of US Army Advanced Hypersonic Weapon (AHW) plan brielfy. Discussed and analyzed the trajectory design and aerodynamic characteristics of AHW. Tracked the aerodynamic characteristics research of US similar aerodynamic conifguration. The paper is to provide reference for domestic hypersonic research.%高超声速飞行器是临近空间飞行器研究的主要类型之一。本文简要介绍美国陆军先进高超声速武器(AHW)计划背景和试验飞行器构型;探讨和分析了AHW的弹道设计、气动布局特点;跟踪美国类似气动布局构型的气动试验研究开展情况,为相关高超声速飞行器的研究提供参考。

  14. The design of the multifunctional training simulation system on the platform as the same as the weapon system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lu,Bin; Zhou,XiaoDong


    This paper presents the way to design the multifunc-tional (fighting, testing, maintenance, query about malfunctionetc) training simulation system on the platform of hardware thatas same as the weapon system with C++ Builder language.

  15. Addressing Army Aviation Collective Training Challenges with Simulators and Simulations Capabilities (United States)


    Aptima, Inc. Technical Review by William Bickley, U.S. Army Research Institute Heather Priest-Walker, U.S. Army Research challenges at home station and at Aviation Training Exercises. This report benefitted from the thoughtful comments of Drs. William Bickley and...environment, cockpit instrumentation, communications, weapons systems, gunnery environment, AH64 TADS , NVG (Night Vision Goggles) Simulation, EDMs

  16. The Future of Killing: Ethical and Legal Implications of Fully Autonomous Weapon Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Lark


    Full Text Available Warfare is moving towards full weapon autonomy. Already, there are weapons in service that replace a human at the point of engagement. The remote pilot must adhere to the law and consider the moral and ethical implications of using lethal force. Future fully autonomous weapons will be able to search for, identify and engage targets without human intervention, raising the question of who is responsible for the moral and ethical considerations of using such weapons. In the chaos of war, people are fallible, but they can apply judgement and discretion and identify subtle signals. For example, humans can identify when an enemy wants to surrender, are burying their dead, or are assisting non-combatants. An autonomous weapon may not be so discerning and may not be capable of being programmed to apply discretion, compassion, or mercy, nor can it adapt commanders’ intent or apply initiative. Before fully autonomous weapons use lethal force, it is argued that there needs to be assurances that the ethical implications are understood and that control mechanisms are in place to ensure that oversight of the system is able to prevent incidents that could amount to breaches of the laws of armed conflict.

  17. Response surface method using grey relational analysis for decision making in weapon system selection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Peng Wang; Peng Meng; Baowei Song


    A proper weapon system is very important for a na-tional defense system. General y, it means selecting the optimal weapon system among many alternatives, which is a multiple-attribute decision making (MADM) problem. This paper proposes a new mathematical model based on the response surface method (RSM) and the grey relational analysis (GRA). RSM is used to obtain the experimental points and analyze the factors that have a significant impact on the selection results. GRA is used to an-alyze the trend relationship between alternatives and reference series. And then an RSM model is obtained, which can be used to calculate al alternatives and obtain ranking results. A real world application is introduced to il ustrate the utilization of the model for the weapon selection problem. The results show that this model can be used to help decision-makers to make a quick comparison of alternatives and select a proper weapon system from multiple alternatives, which is an effective and adaptable method for solving the weapon system selection problem.

  18. Simulation of Fighter Aircraft Weapon Systems for Design and Performance Evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.S. Subramanyam


    Full Text Available Simulation forms an essential tool in the system design and performance evaluation of fighter aircraft weapon systems. The various guidance strategies used for weapons like guns, missiles, bombs in the air-to-air or air-to-ground missions, for aiding the pilot for an effective delivery have been studied through extensive off-line and pilot-in-loop simulation. The pilot workload analysis carried out in the high fidelity cockpit simulator at the Aeronautical Development Agency , Bangalore, provides the system designer an effective means to tune the various subsy stems for better performance. The paper focuses on all these aspects to bring out the importance of simulation in the overall fighter aircraft weapon system design.

  19. Maturing Weapon Systems for Improved Availability at Lower Costs (United States)


    maintenance" status or sent to a depot for repair.5 4High-tech LRUs tend to be very costly ($20,000 to $200,000 each), which makes, large stock buys ...dt cleckn st FL Rudkr, 10N. Figure 2.3-Apee Hgh -Tech Component Removal Rates for Combat-Related Missions Exceed Those for Other Trainin Mission Types...experience, that LRU shows strong signs of lemon-like behavior. Yet even the TEU is simple technology compared with what the Army intends to buy in the

  20. Computing variable bounds in the conceptual design phase of guided weapon systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weiss, M.; Buco, D.


    The performance of guided weapon systems is primarily expressed by the end-of-flight effect, routinely approximated by the miss distance. It is however equally important that certain system variables of interest are kept within given bounds all along the duration of the flight. In this paper, we pro

  1. Is Weapon System Cost Growth Increasing? A Quantitative Assessment of Completed and Ongoing Programs (United States)


    monitor was Jay Jordan, technical director of the Air Force Cost Analysis Agency. Other RAND Project AIR FORCE documents that address weapon system...Systems, Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND Corporation, MG-415-AF, 2006. As of January 15, 2007: Asher , Norman J

  2. Royal Thai Army Personnel, Education and Training System. (United States)


    north, Laos to the north and northeast and Cambodia to the eastj Thailand is approximately the size of France with a population of 50 million...paper focuses on the role played by the US, and US assistance to Thailand . ii k4 ROYAL THAI ARMY PERSONNEL, EDUCATION AND TRAINING SYSTEM Thailand ... Thailand history is as complex as a slow Thai classical dance. Thai beliefs, attitudes, political structures and customs have been molded by a remarkable

  3. Army and Marine Corps Active Protection System (APS) Efforts (United States)


    Army Tank-Automotive Research, Development, and Engineering Center (TARDEC), “Active Protection Systems have been in the design and development...traditional steel armor, which detonates when struck by a projectile in order to disrupt the armor-piercing jet produced by RPG, ATGM, and main gun-shaped...sensors and guidance to attack the tops or engine compartments of vehicles, 16 which are usually less armored than the front, sides, and underside of

  4. Interim Report of the Defense Science Board (DSB) Task Force on the Survivability of Systems and Assets to Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) and other Nuclear Weapon Effects (NWE) (United States)


    major platforms for High Altitude EMP ( HEMP ) protection, and the Navy implemented a requirements review process. United States Strategic Command...Army improving process for independent review of survivability – Air Force committing resources for testing major platforms for HEMP protection...battlespaces where nuclear weapons are threatening or are being employed. The most likely case(s) are use of nuclear weapons by others. Although

  5. Weapon and Sighting System Compatibility Assessment for Prototype Maxillofacial Protection Devices (United States)


    14 6.7 FIREBALL : M4 Weapon Compatibility ......................................................................15 6.8 FIREBALL : M240B...System Compatibility – Stryker Combat Vehicle...........................................19 7.1.1 CVCH, FIREBALL Helmet Bracket, No Maxillofacial... FIREBALL Helmet Bracket With Maxillofacial Protection (figure 32

  6. WSTIAC: Weapon Systems Technology Information Analysis Center. Volume 6, Number 1 (United States)


    Computational Neuroscience Program 2004. Associate Editor; Journal of Counter Ordinance Technology. Joel L EDavis, Program Manager, Cognitive and Neural...tests were against unitary (nonseparating) targets representative of the Journal of the Optical Society of America A, involves of SCUD-type ballistic...Agent ( CSEA ) and prime contractor for the Aegis Weapon System agencies. A single query searches across 30 databases and and Vertical Launch System

  7. The Development of a Standard Database System for Republic of Korea Army’s Personnel Management. (United States)


    for ROK Army personnel management ? Which data items should be incorporated in a database? Which tecnique should be applied to design data- bases using a...iD-Ri33 499 THE DEVELOPMENT OF A STANDARD DATABASE SYSTEM FOR i/i REPUBLIC OF KOREA ARMY’S PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (U) NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY...NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL Monterey, California . THESIS THE DEVELOPMENT OF A STANDARD DATABASE SYSTEM FOR REPUBLIC OF KOREA ARMY’S PERSONNEL MANAGE

  8. Distributed Common Ground System Army Increment 1 (DCGS-A Inc 1) (United States)


    requirements and business case assessments. In 2002, the Army consolidated the critical requirements in nine families of fielded systems and included...for MAIS Programs 3 Program Information 4 Responsible Office 4 References 4 Program Description 5 Business Case 6 Program Status...Description Distributed Common Ground System–Army (DCGS-A) is the Army Service component of the DoD DCGS Family of Systems and the Defense Intelligence

  9. Reform of the Army Physical Disability Evaluation System (United States)


    that USAPDA currently falls under the Army Human Resources Command and not the Army Medical Command in that the medical department only provides...confusing to Soldiers, and leaves the impression that the Army ‘ underrates ’ disability in order to achieve fiscal savings.33 While that may not be the...Adapted from the PDES Review for the Commanding General, Human Resources Command as presented by the U.S. Army Physical Disability Agency, 3 July 2008

  10. Air and Space Operations Center-Weapon System Increment 10.2 (AOC-WS Inc 10.2) (United States)


    2016 Major Automated Information System Annual Report Air and Space Operations Center-Weapon System Increment 10.2 (AOC-WS Inc 10.2) Defense...DSN Phone: 845-9142 DSN Fax: Date Assigned: March 2, 2015 Program Information Program Name Air and Space Operations Center-Weapon System Increment...assessing theater-wide air and space operations. The C/JFACC provides air , space and cyber support to the Combined/Joint Forces Commander (C/JFC) by

  11. New rapid transfer alignment method for SINS of airborne weapon systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Chen; Yan Zhao


    Transfer alignment is an effective alignment method for the strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS) of airborne weapon systems. The traditional transfer alignment methods for large misalignment angles alignment use nonlinear transfer align-ment models and incorporate nonlinear filtering. A rapid transfer alignment method with linear models and linear filtering for ar-bitrary misalignment angles is presented. Through the attitude quaternion decomposition, the purpose of transfer alignment is converted to estimate a constant quaternion. Employing special manipulations on measurement equation, velocity and attitude linear measurement equations are derived. Then the linear trans-fer alignment model for arbitrary misalignment angles is built. An adaptive Kalman filter is developed to handle modeling errors of the measurement noise statistics. Simulation results show feasibili-ty and effectiveness of the proposed method, which provides an alternative rapid transfer alignment method for airborne weapons.

  12. Experimental Investigations of a Precision Sensor for an Automatic Weapons Stabilizer System. (United States)

    Korobiichuk, Igor


    This paper presents the results of experimental investigations of a precision sensor for an automatic weapons stabilizer system. It also describes the experimental equipment used and the structure of the developed sensor. A weapons stabilizer is designed for automatic guidance of an armament unit in the horizontal and vertical planes when firing at ground and air targets that are quickly maneuvering, and at lower speeds when firing anti-tank missiles, as well as the bypass of construction elements by the armament unit, and the automatic tracking of moving targets when interacting with a fire control system. The results of experimental investigations have shown that the error of the precision sensor developed on the basis of a piezoelectric element is 6 × 10(-10) m/s² under quasi-static conditions, and ~10(-5) m/s² for mobile use. This paper defines metrological and calibration properties of the developed sensor.

  13. A Study of New Method for Weapon System Effectiveness Evaluation Based on Bayesian Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Dai-wei; GU Liang-xian; PAN Lei


    As weapon system effectiveness is affected by many factors, its evaluation is essentially a multi-criterion decision making problem for its complexity. The evaluation model of the effectiveness is established on the basis of metrics architecture of the effectiveness. The Bayesian network, which is used to evaluate the effectiveness, is established based on the metrics architecture and the evaluation models. For getting the weights of the metrics by Bayesian network, subjective initial values of the weights are given, gradient ascent algorithm is adopted, and the reasonable values of the weights are achieved. And then the effectiveness of every weapon system project is gained. The weapon system, whose effectiveness is relative maximum, is the optimization system. The research result shows that this method can solve the problem of AHP method which evaluation results are not compatible to the practice results and overcome the shortcoming of neural network in multilayer and multi-criterion decision. The method offers a new approaeh for evaluating the effectiveness.

  14. The vulnerability of laser warning systems against guided weapons based on low power lasers


    Al-Jaberi, Mubarak


    Laser assisted weapons, such as laser guided bombs, laser guided missiles and laser beam-riding missiles pose a significant threat to military assets in the modern battlefield. Laser beam-riding missiles are particularly hard to detect because they use low power lasers. Most laser warning systems produced so far can not detect laser beam-riding missiles because of their weak emissions which have signals less than 1% of laser range finder power . They are even harder to defeat because current ...

  15. Geometry-of-fire tracking algorithm for direct-fire weapon systems


    Khan, Caleb K.


    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited The continuous cycle for validating geometry of fires on a battlefield impedes momentum. A force that can decide and act quicker than the enemy has an advantage. The goal of this thesis is to provide dismounted infantry units with this advantage by developing a sensor network that streamlines the geometry-of-fire validation cycle for direct-fire weapon systems. This is the first attempt to develop technology for this specific applicati...

  16. The Mechanisms and Value of Competition for Major Weapon Systems (United States)


    technology. MUOS is intended to replace the Ultra-High Frequency Follow-On system ( UFO ), which was fielded between 1993 and 2003. Launch of the first......performance on the UFO system was considered an outstanding success. Based on rather limited evidence, Scearce concludes that Boeing’s bid for MUOS was based

  17. Russian Army Mat as a Code System Controlling Behaviour in the Russian army

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vadim Mikhailin


    Full Text Available This text is to be a shortened, restructured and based on somewhat another factological foundation version of my article “Russkii mat kak muzhskoi obstsennyi kod: problema proiskhozhdeniia i evoliutsiia statusa”, published in # 43 of Novoe Literaturnoe Obozrenie. Tracing the genesis of mat to the specific modes of behaviour, peculiar to the archaic male warrior bands, I’m going to show that the military milieu (and some other, structurally close to it social strata, has always been – and remain – absolutely adequate for the mat speaking. Moreover, mat has always carried on within these strata rather specific function connected with creating of one’s identity as a military, and its use offers various and sometimes the only possible means of impact at one’s equal or subordinate (or even superior. As a matter of fact, mat is a basis for a whole code system, controlling different military behaviour practices. The problems of the freshers’ adaptation and of the national specificities in the late Soviet and modern Russian army are to be considered with special respect.

  18. Internal Versus External Acquisition for Small Weapons Systems (United States)


    early 1800s. Other examples of repeating history include Lowering the Cost of Federal System Acquisition ( Kasser , 1996), Spare Parts Horror Stories...Spare Parts”, 1997), and Back to Basics (Dornheim, 2006). Kasser recommends moving system testing and inspection to an earlier phase of the...Katobe, M. “Hollowing –Out of US Multinationals and Their Global Competitiveness,” Journal of International Business Studies. 1989, Vol 19:1-15. Kasser

  19. Virtual nuclear weapons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pilat, J.F.


    The term virtual nuclear weapons proliferation and arsenals, as opposed to actual weapons and arsenals, has entered in recent years the American lexicon of nuclear strategy, arms control, and nonproliferation. While the term seems to have an intuitive appeal, largely due to its cyberspace imagery, its current use is still vague and loose. The author believes, however, that if the term is clearly delineated, it might offer a promising approach to conceptualizing certain current problems of proliferation. The first use is in a reference to an old problem that has resurfaced recently: the problem of growing availability of weapon-usable nuclear materials in civilian nuclear programs along with materials made `excess` to defense needs by current arms reduction and dismantlement. It is argued that the availability of these vast materials, either by declared nuclear-weapon states or by technologically advanced nonweapon states, makes it possible for those states to rapidly assemble and deploy nuclear weapons. The second use has quite a different set of connotations. It is derived conceptually from the imagery of computer-generated reality. In this use, one thinks of virtual proliferation and arsenals not in terms of the physical hardware required to make the bomb but rather in terms of the knowledge/experience required to design, assemble, and deploy the arsenal. Virtual weapons are a physics reality and cannot be ignored in a world where knowledge, experience, materials, and other requirements to make nuclear weapons are widespread, and where dramatic army reductions and, in some cases, disarmament are realities. These concepts are useful in defining a continuum of virtual capabilities, ranging from those at the low end that derive from general technology diffusion and the existence of nuclear energy programs to those at the high end that involve conscious decisions to develop or maintain militarily significant nuclear-weapon capabilities.

  20. Review and Analysis of GAO Reports on Major Weapon Systems (United States)


    that controls the health and status of the space vehicle was found to be inadequate when it unexpectedly failed during testing in 2007. In April...Outsourcing the Pearl Harbor MK-48 Intermediate Maintenance Activity  Pallet Management System  PBL (4)  Privatization-NOSL/NAWCI  RFID (6)  Risk

  1. From Marginal Adjustments to Meaningful Change: Rethinking Weapon System Acquisition (United States)


    Management in Expeditionary Operations, 2007. GAO—See U.S. Government Accountability Offi ce. Garcia , A., H. Keyner, T. Robillard, and M. Van Mullekom... Marquez , R. B. Magnaye, and W. Tan, System Maturity Indices for Decision Support in the Defense Acquisition Process, proceedings of the 5th Annual

  2. The Army Selected Reserve Dental Readiness System: overview, assessment, and recommendations. (United States)

    Honey, James R


    The Army Selected Reserve Dental Readiness System (ASDRS) is a key dental program directed by the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Manpower & Reserve Affairs) starting in fiscal year 09. The Army National Guard and Army Reserve have steadily implemented ASDRS over the past 3 years as a means to improve the historically abysmal dental readiness of the Army Reserve Component (RC). Dental readiness is essential for sustaining an Army RC Operational Force. ASDRS is a tool for RC commanders to provide contract dental readiness care in support of over 558 thousand nonmobilized Selected Reserve Citizen-Soldiers dispersed throughout the 54 states and U.S. territories, at home station before alert, and if necessary after alert (throughout the Army force generation cycle). This article examines the status of ASDRS implementation, assesses its effectiveness in improving Army RC Dental Readiness, and provides Army leadership recommendations regarding the following focus areas: (1) command emphasis, (2) program execution, and (3) synergy with the Military Health System and Department of Veterans Affairs.

  3. U.S. Army Unmanned Aircraft Systems Roadmap 2010-2035: Eyes of the Army (United States)


    will often be commercial off-the- shelf equipment available on the open market . Weapons and equipment incorporating sophisticated technology, but...collection of the raw properties of objects with advanced radar, electro-optical, infrared, spectral, magnetic, nuclear, olfactory , acoustic, and seismic

  4. A dollar cost evaluation of mainland China's major weapon systems


    Wang, Chih-Hsiang


    Approved for public release, distribution unlimited This thesis analyzes the requirements and design considerations of a video teletraining (VTT) delivery system for 25 Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) centers located throughout the continental United States. Current DFAS VTT capabilities are reviewed and included. The study's sponsor, the Defense Business Management University (DBMU), has been tasked by the DoD comptroller to implement a training program for these centers. Th...

  5. Advanced Weapon System (AWS) Sensor Prediction Techniques Study. Volume I (United States)


    S1- Line printer refresh memory) 2 - Disk drives (one 67 mb and one 1 - Calligraphic display and light pen 300 rob) 1 - Polaroid film image rocorder...monitor. (Desired Option) The system shall include a Polaroid film recording device. 4.3.1!.1.4 (Desired Option) It should be possible to...Any subset of the sequence can be used to replay the processing just as ff the user reenacted his commands. 4.3. 1.4.4 The format of operator inputs

  6. Challenges in the application of modular open system architecture to weapons (United States)

    Shaver, Jonathan; Rose, Leo; Young, Quinn; Christensen, Jacob


    The overarching objective for Flexible Weapons is to replace current inventory weapons that will not fully utilize the increased capabilities of 6th generation platforms, with a single weapons kit made up of flexible, open architecture components. Flexible Weapon will develop a common architecture to enable modular subsystems to achieve flexible weapons capability while allowing technology refresh at the pace of technology discovery in an affordable and sustainable design. The various combinations of weapons to address multiple missions must be 100% compatible with 6th generation delivery platforms (fighters, bombers, RPAs) and backwards compatible with 4th and 5th generation platforms.

  7. Proceedings of the Tungsten Workshop for Hard Target Weapons Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mackiewicz-Ludtka, G.; Hayden, H.W.; Davis, R.M.


    The purpose of this meeting was to review and exchange information and provide technical input for improving technologies relevant to the Hard Target Weapons Program. This workshop was attended by representatives from 17 organizations, including 4 Department of Defense (DoD) agencies, 8 industrial companies, and 5 laboratories within DOE. Hard targets are defined as reinforced underground structures that house enemy forces, weapon systems, and support equipment. DOE-ORO and Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. (Energy Systems) have been involved in advanced materials research and development (R&D) for several DOE and DoD programs. These programs are conducted in close collaboration with Eglin AFB, Department of the Army`s Picatinny Arsenal, and other DoD agencies. As part of this ongoing collaboration, Eglin AFB and Oak Ridge National Laboratory planned and conducted this workshop to support the Hard Target Weapons Program. The objectives of this workshop were to (1) review and identify the technology base that exists (primarily due to anti-armor applications) and assess the applicability of this technology to the Hard Target Weapons Program requirements; (2) determine future directions to establish the W materials, processing, and manufacturing technologies suitable for use in fixed, hard target penetrators; and (3) identify and prioritize the potential areas for technical collaboration among the participants.

  8. Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) nuclear weapons effects on submarine cable systems. Volume 1. Experiments and analysis. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)


    This report presents a study of the nuclear weapons magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) effects on submarine communications cables. The study consisted of the analysis and interpretation of currently available data on submarine cable systems TAT-4, TAT-6, and TAT-7. The primary result of the study is that decrease of the effective resistivity with frequency over the available experimental range, coupled with the model results, leads to quite small effective resistivities at the MHD characteristic frequencies, and hence small earth potential differences. Thus, it appears that submarine cable systems are less susceptible to an MHD threat than their land-based counter-parts.

  9. An Analysis of Collaborative Research Opportunities for the Army. Volume I (United States)


    technologyy Ltechnology Medical advanced technology utility LOSAT Missile and rocket Night vision advanced technology Weapons and munitions advanced...Medical systems Engineer mobility equipment Tactical electronic surveillance system Landmine warfare and barrier Army NBC defense system utility N-LOS Night

  10. Comparing U.S. Army Systems with Foreign Counterparts: Identifying Possible Capability Gaps and Insights from Other Armies (United States)


    armored vehicles for high-threat environments and a larger fleet of soft- skin logistics vehicles for more permissive applications.52 To develop a...Japanese companies have been developing “humanoid” robots, largely for health and geriatric care for their aging population. While these robots are... “Rheinmetall Defence Wins New Contracts for Air Defence Systems from Malaysia and

  11. Rapid Acquisition of Army Command and Control Systems (United States)


    requirements documents, and sustainment structures of existing programs to choreograph rapid initiation of a concept and ensure its fielding and...manner of choreographing the transition to the Army from DARPA. The establishment of CDRT in 2004 indicated that senior leaders in the Army were aware of

  12. Study of Direction Probability and Algorithm of Improved Marriage in Honey Bees Optimization for Weapon Network System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Chen-guang; TU Xu-yan; CHEN Jie


    To solve the weapon network system optimization problem against small raid objects with low attitude, the concept of direction probability and a new evaluation index system are proposed. By calculating the whole damaging probability that changes with the defending angle, the efficiency of the whole weapon network system can be subtly described. With such method, we can avoid the inconformity of the description obtained from the traditional index systems. Three new indexes are also proposed, I.e. Join index, overlap index and cover index, which help manage the relationship among several sub-weapon-networks. By normalizing the computation results with the Sigmoid function, the matching problem between the optimization algorithm and indexes is well settled. Also, the algorithm of improved marriage in honey bees optimization that proposed in our previous work is applied to optimize the embattlement problem. Simulation is carried out to show the efficiency of the proposed indexes and the optimization algorithm.

  13. Badger Army Ammunition Plant groundwater data management system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansen, J.P. [Olin Corp., Baraboo, WI (United States). Badger Army Ammunition Plant


    At the Badger Army Ammunition Plant (Badger), there are currently over 200 wells that are monitored on a quarterly basis. Badger has had three active production periods since its construction in 1942. During these periods, various nitrocellulose based propellants were produced including single base artillery propellants were produced including single base artillery propellant, double base rocket propellant and BALL POWDER{reg_sign} propellant. Intermediate materials used in the manufacture of these propellants were also produced, including nitroglycerine, and sulfuric and nitric acids. To meet the challenge of managing the data in-house, a groundwater data management system (GDMS) was developed. Although such systems are commercially available, they were not able to provide the specific capabilities necessary for data management and reporting at Badger. The GDMS not only provides the routine database capabilities of data sorts and queries, but has provided an automated data reporting system as well. The reporting function alone has significantly reduced the time and efforts that would normally be associated with this task. Since the GDMS was developed at Badger, the program can be continually adapted to site specific needs. Future planned modifications include automated reconciliation, improved transfer of data to graphics software, and statistical analysis and interpretation of the data.

  14. Special Weapons (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Supporting Navy special weapons, the division provides an array of engineering services, technical publication support services, logistics support services, safety...

  15. Logistics: Implementation of Performance - Based Logistics for the Javelin Weapon System (United States)


    the c.ontext of each lice within the Automated Cost 24 Batimating-hTasgraled Tools ( ACEIT ) mode], the Army’s standard cost model, containing the EA was...fully validated the EA, The Javelin E.A was valihdted through an extensive review of the EA cost documentation in (te ACEIT file in coordination with... ACEIT file of the system cost estimate- This documentation was conndered to be suflicienT by the CEAC Director once the EA was determinmd to be valid

  16. Systemic Stress: The Army Lifestyle through the Social Readjustment Scale Lens (United States)


    scale as well as two others. It was found that cortisol 25 levels in patients who scored above average on the loneliness and depression...SYSTEMIC STRESS: THE ARMY LIFESTYLE THROUGH THE SOCIAL READJUSTMENT SCALE LENS A thesis presented to the Faculty of the U.S...4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Systemic Stress: The Army Lifestyle through the Social Readjustment Scale Lens 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER

  17. Grey Prediction Fuzzy Control of the Target Tracking System in a Robot Weapon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Jian-zhong; JI Jiang-tao; WANG Hong-ru


    Grey modeling can be used to predict the behavioral development of a system and find out the lead control values of the system. By using fuzzy inference, PID parameters can be adjusted on line by the fuzzy controller with PID parameters self-tuning. According to the characteristics of target tracking system in a robot weapon, grey prediction theory and fuzzy PID control ideas are combined. A grey prediction mathematical model is constructed and a fuzzy PID controller with grey prediction was developed. Simulation result shows fuzzy PID control algorithm with grey prediction is an efficient method that can improve the control equality and robustness of traditional PID control and fuzzy PID control, and has much better performance for target tracking.

  18. Object Recognition System in Remote Controlled Weapon Station using SIFT and SURF Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Midriem Mirdanies


    Full Text Available Object recognition system using computer vision that is implemented on Remote Controlled Weapon Station (RCWS is discussed. This system will make it easier to identify and shoot targeted object automatically. Algorithm was created to recognize real time multiple objects using two methods i.e. Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT and Speeded Up Robust Features (SURF combined with K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN and Random Sample Consensus (RANSAC for verification. The algorithm is designed to improve object detection to be more robust and to minimize the processing time required. Objects are registered on the system consisting of the armored personnel carrier, tanks, bus, sedan, big foot, and police jeep. In addition, object selection can use mouse to shoot another object that has not been registered on the system. Kinect™ is used to capture RGB images and to find the coordinates x, y, and z of the object. The programming language used is C with visual studio IDE 2010 and opencv libraries. Object recognition program is divided into three parts: 1 reading image from kinect™ and simulation results, 2 object recognition process, and 3 transfer of the object data to the ballistic computer. Communication between programs is performed using shared memory. The detected object data is sent to the ballistic computer via Local Area Network (LAN using winsock for ballistic calculation, and then the motor control system moves the direction of the weapon model to the desired object. The experimental results show that the SIFT method is more suitable because more accurate and faster than SURF with the average processing time to detect one object is 430.2 ms, two object is 618.4 ms, three objects is 682.4 ms, and four objects is 756.2 ms. Object recognition program is able to recognize multi-objects and the data of the identified object can be processed by the ballistic computer in realtime.

  19. Design and Implementation of Simulation Environment for HLA-Compliant Torpedo Weapon System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Kai; KANG Feng-ju; GU Hao; SONG Zhi-ming


    A novel scheme for HLA(high level architecture)-compliant reconfigurable open architecture for the torpedo weapon system simulation is proposed. In addition, a kind of applied software framework for federate members based on the reusable software is put forward. The automation of time management strategy drafting and publish-subscribe declaration, and the consistent interface between RTI (run-time infrastructure) and simulation models are solved effectively. Furthermore, in order to simulate the fluctuant seabed, twinkle light spots, air bubbles, muddy effect, etc, an extended module, called as Underwater Space Vega, is developed. Finally, a distributed interactive simulation environment for underwater vehicles is set up with the aid of the software pRTI1.3. The preliminary experiment results indicate that this system friendly features GUI, reusable models and competence for real-time simulation.

  20. [Biological weapons]. (United States)

    Kerwat, K; Becker, S; Wulf, H; Densow, D


    Biological weapons are weapons of mass destruction that use pathogens (bacteria, viruses) or the toxins produced by them to target living organisms or to contaminate non-living substances. In the past, biological warfare has been repeatedly used. Anthrax, plague and smallpox are regarded as the most dangerous biological weapons by various institutions. Nowadays it seems quite unlikely that biological warfare will be employed in any military campaigns. However, the possibility remains that biological weapons may be used in acts of bioterrorism. In addition all diseases caused by biological weapons may also occur naturally or as a result of a laboratory accident. Risk assessment with regard to biological danger often proves to be difficult. In this context, an early identification of a potentially dangerous situation through experts is essential to limit the degree of damage.

  1. Distributed Common Ground System - Army Increment 2 (DCGS-A Inc 2) (United States)


    Definition Package will be developed to support this increment and aligned with the business case. Firm , Fixed Price Feasibility: The determination of...for MAIS Programs 3 Program Information 4 Responsible Office 4 References 4 Program Description 5 Business Case 5 Program...Distributed Common Ground System–Army (DCGS-A) is the Army Service component of the DoD DCGS Family of Systems and the Defense Intelligence Information

  2. Integrating Bill of Materials Data Into the Armys Enterprise Resource Planning Systems (United States)


    Integration with SAP [Systems, Applications, and Products ] ERP, Simha R. Magal and Jeffrey B. Word describe service - oriented architecture (SOA) as a...required to build a product . In integrated ERP envi- ronments, such as the Logistics Mod- ernization Program, Global Combat Support System–Army (GCSS...enterprise-level BOM data, these organizations are AESIP and the Logistics Product Data Store (LPDS). Fielded in July 2015, GCSS–Army release 14.2

  3. Man-machine interface in a submarine command and weapon control system: features and design experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan H. Aas


    Full Text Available Important man-machine interface (MMI issues concerning a submarine command and weapon control system (CWCS such as crew organization, automation level and decision support are discussed in this paper. Generic submarine CWCS functions and operating conditions are outlined. Detailed, dynamic and real-time prototypes were used to support the MMI design. The prototypes are described and experience with detailed prototyping is discussed. Some of the main interaction principles are summarized and a restricted example of the resulting design is given. Our design experience and current work have been used to outline future perspectives of MMI design in naval CWCSs. The need for both formal and experimental approaches is emphasized.

  4. Department of the Army Justification of Estimates for Fiscal Year 1985 Submitted to Congress February 1984, Procurement, Programs, Aircraft, Missiles, Weapons & Tracked Combat Vehicles. Part 1. Aircraft (United States)


    3E573) 2 Navy (4C640) 1 US Army Material & Readiness ASA(RD&A) (2E672) 1 DANA-WS (3E448) 3 Command ASA(M&RA) (2E594) I APA/1IPA/PWTCV (I oa) ATTN...192,126 233,183 1,0 ’ 01 ,uppIrs and materials 375.295 5:2,341 f21, 021 ii 001 Equipment 1,629,563 2.497,704 3,031,361 Iq 9001 Total direct obligations...UnobligatOd talamnco available., EO0 ,14 4002 for completion of prior Vver butfjot plucks 146, 0 111 00011 budget authority - . . 1-6 Fvbruary 1984 4

  5. Viable Short-Term Directed Energy Weapon Naval Solutions: A Systems Analysis of Current Prototypes (United States)


    WEAPON COMPARISON Dating back to the 1950s, science fiction films captivated audiences with tales of futuristic weapons that had unlimited capability...answered, the allowable relationships are characterized in GINA and made available for exploration and evaluation with minimal to no rework required to...shipboard firefighters. These hazards can be mitigated to a manageable level of risk through the proper storage and care of the batteries in a dry

  6. Advanced information processing system: The Army fault tolerant architecture conceptual study. Volume 2: Army fault tolerant architecture design and analysis (United States)

    Harper, R. E.; Alger, L. S.; Babikyan, C. A.; Butler, B. P.; Friend, S. A.; Ganska, R. J.; Lala, J. H.; Masotto, T. K.; Meyer, A. J.; Morton, D. P.


    Described here is the Army Fault Tolerant Architecture (AFTA) hardware architecture and components and the operating system. The architectural and operational theory of the AFTA Fault Tolerant Data Bus is discussed. The test and maintenance strategy developed for use in fielded AFTA installations is presented. An approach to be used in reducing the probability of AFTA failure due to common mode faults is described. Analytical models for AFTA performance, reliability, availability, life cycle cost, weight, power, and volume are developed. An approach is presented for using VHSIC Hardware Description Language (VHDL) to describe and design AFTA's developmental hardware. A plan is described for verifying and validating key AFTA concepts during the Dem/Val phase. Analytical models and partial mission requirements are used to generate AFTA configurations for the TF/TA/NOE and Ground Vehicle missions.

  7. Analysis on Operational capability for Truck-mounted Howitzers Weapon System Based on AHP%基于层次分析法的车载炮武器系统作战能力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    The truck-mounted howitzers weapon system is a sort of novel army ground fire assault system,there is lots of uncertainty factors influenced the operational capability of truck-mounted Howitzers artillery division.In the paper,it made the quantization analysis for operational capability by means of AHP,and obtained the related data and conclusion.It provided a certain reference base for training and application of truck-mounted howitzers weapon system in troops.%车载炮武器系统是一种新型陆军地面火力打击系统,影响车载炮炮兵分队作战能力的不定因素很多,本文采用层次分析法对其作战能力进行了量化分析,得出了相关数据和结论,为车载炮武器系统在部队的训练和使用提供了一定的参考依据。

  8. Low Voltage Electrolytic Capacitor Pulse Forming Inductive Network for Electric Weapons (United States)


    reliable high- current, high-energy pulses of many megawatts. Pulsed alternators potentially have the same maintenance issues as other motor...high-energy pulses of many megawatts. Pulsed alternators potentially have the same maintenance issues as other motor-generator sets, so a solid...on an all-electric ship, those challenges are being met. The naval railgun, the army railgun, coilguns , and other electric weapon systems such as

  9. Global Combat Support System - Army Increment 2 (GCSS-A Inc 2) (United States)


    Product Lifecycle Management Plus. The two components are managed as a single program. GCSS-A is being developed incrementally . Increment 1 provides...2016 Major Automated Information System Annual Report Global Combat Support System - Army Increment 2 (GCSS-A Inc 2) Defense Acquisition...Base Year CAE - Component Acquisition Executive CDD - Capability Development Document CPD - Capability Production Document DAE - Defense

  10. Major weapon system environmental life-cycle cost estimating for Conservation, Cleanup, Compliance and Pollution Prevention (C3P2) (United States)

    Hammond, Wesley; Thurston, Marland; Hood, Christopher


    The Titan 4 Space Launch Vehicle Program is one of many major weapon system programs that have modified acquisition plans and operational procedures to meet new, stringent environmental rules and regulations. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Defense (DOD) mandate to reduce the use of ozone depleting chemicals (ODC's) is just one of the regulatory changes that has affected the program. In the last few years, public environmental awareness, coupled with stricter environmental regulations, has created the need for DOD to produce environmental life-cycle cost estimates (ELCCE) for every major weapon system acquisition program. The environmental impact of the weapon system must be assessed and budgeted, considering all costs, from cradle to grave. The Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) has proposed that organizations consider Conservation, Cleanup, Compliance and Pollution Prevention (C(sup 3)P(sup 2)) issues associated with each acquisition program to assess life-cycle impacts and costs. The Air Force selected the Titan 4 system as the pilot program for estimating life-cycle environmental costs. The estimating task required participants to develop an ELCCE methodology, collect data to test the methodology and produce a credible cost estimate within the DOD C(sup 3)P(sup 2) definition. The estimating methodology included using the Program Office weapon system description and work breakdown structure together with operational site and manufacturing plant visits to identify environmental cost drivers. The results of the Titan IV ELCCE process are discussed and expanded to demonstrate how they can be applied to satisfy any life-cycle environmental cost estimating requirement.

  11. ITER: The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor and the nuclear weapons proliferation implications of thermonuclear-fusion energy systems


    Gsponer, Andre; Hurni, Jean-Pierre


    This report contains two parts: (1) A list of "points" highlighting the strategic-political and military-technical reasons and implications of the very probable siting of ITER (the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) in Japan, which should be confirmed sometimes in early 2004. (2) A technical analysis of the nuclear weapons proliferation implications of inertial- and magnetic-confinement fusion systems substantiating the technical points highlighted in the first part, and showin...

  12. Army Logistics: Global Combat Support System-Army Is Supporting Requirements at Selected Units (United States)


    internal warehouse operations. For example, the manager at one warehouse told us that the system provided better management and accountability of...replenish items that have been issued to customers. The warehouse manager told us that, in contrast, legacy systems would take at least 72 hours...that they had experienced a decrease in productivity upon initial fielding. Specifically, warehouse managers told us that fielding the system

  13. Into the Caves of Steel: Precaution, Cognition and Robotic Weapon Systems Under the International Law of Armed Conflict

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan David Herbach


    Full Text Available

    The pace of development with respect to robotic weapons systems is staggering. Often formulated in the context of a desire of the ‘haves’ States to minimize battlefield casualties and to reduce monetary costs, technological advancement holds a number of ramifications for the law of armed conflict. Specifically, as technology introduces the possibility of increasingly autonomous forms of robotic weapon systems, the implications of augmenting precision while removing, for all intents and purposes, direct control by or involvement of human beings (‘in the loop’ must be examined, along with differentiated responsibilities of the ‘haves’ versus the ‘have-nots’. The present article takes as a foundation the international humanitarian law principle of precaution, as codified in Article 57 of Additional Protocol I, to assess various aspects of the applicability of the relevant provisions to these new weapons systems, and in particular draws conclusions as to how precaution could influence future developments.

  14. Bioterrorism: toxins as weapons. (United States)

    Anderson, Peter D


    The potential for biological weapons to be used in terrorism is a real possibility. Biological weapons include infectious agents and toxins. Toxins are poisons produced by living organisms. Toxins relevant to bioterrorism include ricin, botulinum, Clostridium perfrigens epsilson toxin, conotoxins, shigatoxins, saxitoxins, tetrodotoxins, mycotoxins, and nicotine. Toxins have properties of biological and chemical weapons. Unlike pathogens, toxins do not produce an infection. Ricin causes multiorgan toxicity by blocking protein synthesis. Botulinum blocks acetylcholine in the peripheral nervous system leading to muscle paralysis. Epsilon toxin damages cell membranes. Conotoxins block potassium and sodium channels in neurons. Shigatoxins inhibit protein synthesis and induce apoptosis. Saxitoxin and tetrodotoxin inhibit sodium channels in neurons. Mycotoxins include aflatoxins and trichothecenes. Aflatoxins are carcinogens. Trichothecenes inhibit protein and nucleic acid synthesis. Nicotine produces numerous nicotinic effects in the nervous system.

  15. Cost and Training Effectiveness Analysis in the Army Life Cycle Systems Management Model (United States)


    design: processes for .the oordinated application of five human resources technolgies . AFURL- TR-78-b (II). Brooks AFB, TX: US Air Force Systems Command...CENTER ATTNI ATIC-OST-PA I USA MOBILITY EUUIDMENT R AND U COMMAND ATTN% ORUME-fG I DA U- ARMY RETRAIJINO BUE RESEARCH ÷EVALUATION DIVISION D-1 ""lo, ..-•0

  16. The Role of the U.S. Army in Health System Reconstruction and Development During Counterinsurgency (United States)


    Securing Health: Lessons from Nation-Building Missions, 246. 29Scott Feil, “Building Better Foundations: Security in Postconflict Reconstruction ......THE ROLE OF THE U.S. ARMY IN HEALTH SYSTEM RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT DURING COUNTERINSURGENCY A thesis presented to the

  17. 武器装备体系需求变更管理研究%Research on Requirements Change Management of Weapon Equipment System of Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿青霞; 杨秀月; 杨雷


    According to the characteristic of requirements change of weapon equipment system-of-systems, the paper studies the basic conception, analyzes the principle and work flows of requirements change of weapon equipment system-of-systems. Moreover, it brings forward the analysis frame of requirements change supporting theory and methods for the choice and development of the tools of requirements change management of weapon equipment system-of-systems. It is significant to implement the requirements change scientific management and enhance the quality of requirements generation of weapon equipment system-of-systems.%依据武器装备体系需求变更的特点,研究了武器装备体系需求变更管理的基本概念,分析了武器装备体系需求变更管理的原则和流程,构建了武器装备体系需求变更分析框架,为体系需求变更管理工具的选择和开发提供理论和方法支持,对实现武器装备体系需求变更的科学管理,提高需求生成的质量具有重要的理论指导意义。

  18. 48 CFR 25.301-3 - Weapons. (United States)


    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Weapons. 25.301-3 Section... FOREIGN ACQUISITION Contracts Performed Outside the United States 25.301-3 Weapons. The contracting officer shall follow agency procedures and the weapons policy established by the combatant commander...

  19. 武器装备体系能力矩阵评估方法%Matrix Methodology Based Capability Evaluation of Weapon System of Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹强; 荆涛; 周少平


    针对武器装备体系能力难以客观、定量评估的问题,引入复杂网络理论,提出了基于矩阵运算的武器装备体系能力评估方法。分析了武器装备体系能力的概念,建立了武器装备体系的复杂层次网络模型,描述了装备网络的组成、运行过程,定义了装备网络的矩阵描述方法和矩阵运算规则,提出了装备网络作战能力描述参数,给出了装备网络能力的矩阵计算方法,进行了影响因素分析,最后通过实例验证了方法可行性、有效性和灵活性。%In order to evaluate capability of weapon system of systems more objectively and quantitively,complex networks theory is introduced,and a new matrix capability evaluation methodology is put forward. The capability definitions of weapon system of systems are analyzed,a layered complex network model of weapon system of systems is built,the components and operation process of the weapon network model are also described. Then matrix expression methods of weapon network and its special calculate rules are defined,tailor-made operation capability indexes of weapon network are brought out. The algorithm of using single-layer-matrixes and inter-layer-matrixes to compute whole weapon network’s capability is present; the influence factors of the algorithm are detailly analyzed. By the case study of a nominal operation network,the feasibility,validity and flexibility of proposed methodology are proved.

  20. Weapon System Acquisitions: Opportunities Exist to Improve the Department of Defense’s Portfolio Management (United States)


    use to plan and manage their investments. From a DOD perspective , portfolio reviews can help increase return on taxpayers’ investments in weapon...the organizations involved. However, when they want to analyze their portfolios from another perspective —for example, examining funding Page 13 GAO...who are to develop capability portfolio strategic plans, provide cross-component perspectives , recommend capability priorities to senior decision

  1. NASA and Army Collaboration on Unmanned Systems Presentation to the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) (United States)

    Fernandez, Ken


    This viewgraph presentation describes the collaborative effort of NASA and the US Army on unmanned systems. The contents include: 1) Robotic/Autonomous Systems Architecture Development; 2) Synergy In Robotics/Autonomous Systems Development; 3) Surface Mobility Systems: Lunar Pylon Network Project; 4) Lunar Pylon Network Enables Multiple Vehicle Operations & Logistics; 5) Surface Mobility Systems: MARCbot IV-N Project Overview; 6) Autonomous Logistics Support Demonstration; and 7) Lunar Network Demonstration and Collaborative Effort.

  2. Improving the Effectiveness and Acquisition Management of Selected Weapon Systems: A Summary of Major Issues and Recommended Actions. (United States)


    delayed until after the production decision. A prime operational issue is the missile’s motor which pro- duces significant amounts of smoke under many...humidity and tempera- ture conditions. The smoke makes the launch helicopter more visible to the enemy. In addition, it can obscure the crew’s field of...Payload Remain Unresolved MASAD-81-24 04/06/81 An Assesment of the Navy’s Mine Warfare Mission (SECRET) C-MASAD-81-13 04/30/81 Aquiring Weapon Systems in

  3. Facility Energy Decision System (FEDS) Assessment Report for US Army Garrison, Japan - Honshu Installations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kora, Angela R.; Brown, Daryl R.; Dixon, Douglas R.


    This report documents an assessment was performed by a team of engineers from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) under contract to the Installation Management Command (IMCOM) Pacific Region Office (PARO). The effort used the Facility Energy Decision System (FEDS) model to determine how energy is consumed at five U.S. Army Garrison-Japan (USAG-J) installations in the Honshu area, identify the most cost-effective energy retrofit measures, and calculate the potential energy and cost savings.

  4. 机载激光武器系统作战应用分析%Operational Application Analysis of Airborne Laser Weapon System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余驰; 张立群


    机载激光武器系统是一种应用于现代战机的高能激光武器系统.介绍了机载激光武器系统组成、工作原理和特点,对机载激光武器系统的作战应用进行了研究和分析.分析了机载激光武器系统的关键技术及其应用所需要解决的技术问题.通过研究和分析提出了一些未来机载激光武器系统作战应用的思考和建议.%Airborne laser weapon system is one of the high energy laser weapon systems which is used in modem fighting aircraft. Composition、work principle and characteristics of airbome laser weapon system were introduced in the paper,operational application was studied and analyzed. Key technology of airborne laser weapon system was analyzed; its technology problem must solve in application was analyzed. Passing study and analysis, some considerations and suggestions of operational application are presented on future airborne laser weapon system.

  5. Automatic Checkout System for Ground Electronics of a Weapon System (Short Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Ashok Kumar


    Full Text Available An automatic checkout system (ACOS designed and developed for a surface-to-air missile system is described. The system has a built-in self-check and has been extensively used for checking faults in the subsystems of ground electronics. It has resulted in saving a lot of effort in quickly diagnosing and rectifying faults. The salient features of the ACOS have been described and the scope for further work in this area has been outline.

  6. Portable fuel cell systems for America's army: technology transition to the field (United States)

    Patil, Ashok S.; Dubois, Terry G.; Sifer, Nicholas; Bostic, Elizabeth; Gardner, Kristopher; Quah, Michael; Bolton, Christopher

    The US Army Communications, Electronics Research Development and Engineering Center (CERDEC) envisions three thrust areas for portable fuel cell systems for military applications. These areas include soldier power (500 W), it is imperative that the fuel cell power units be able to operate on fuels within the military logistics chain [DOD 4140.25-M, DOD Directive 4140.25 (1993)]. CERDEC is currently conducting research on catalysts and microchannel fuel reformers that offer great promise for the reforming of diesel and JP-8 fuels into hydrogen. In addition to research work on PEM fuel cells and enabling technologies, the Army is also conducting research on direct methanol and solid oxide fuel cells, and combined heat and power applications utilizing new high temperature fuel cells.

  7. Army Technology (United States)


    capabilities that results in rapid and efficient biosurveillance . The program uses an information portal similar to a health surveillance web...and quickly.” The D3 program is part of the broader Joint U.S. Forces Korea Portal and Integrated Threat Reduction Advanced Technology Demonstration... biosurveillance capabilities. Army researchers traveled to Korea with a suite of equipment, including nine commercial detector systems. Some of the systems are

  8. Use of non-petroleum fuels to reduce military energy vulnerabilities: self-sufficient bases and new weapon propulsion systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freiwald, D.A.


    The US fossil synfuels program may not have significant impact on domestic fuel supplies until near the year 2000, resulting in a continuing mobility fuels vulnerability for the US military until then. But there are other mobility fuel options for both propulsion systems and stationary base-energy sources, for which the base technology is commercially available or at least demonstrated. For example, for surface propulsion systems, hydrogen-fuel-cell/battery-electric hybrids may be considered; for weapons systems these may offer some new flexibilities, standardization possibilities, and multiple military-controlled fuel-supply options. Hydrogen-fueled aircraft may provide interesting longer-term possibilities in terms of military energy self-sufficiency and multiple supply options, as well as performance specifications. These scenarios will be discussed, along with possibilities for demonstrations in the MX-system ground vehicles.

  9. Review of Radioisotopes as Radiological Weapons (United States)


    radiation for the pur- pose of weapons use I-131 8.04 d 4590 β and  0.2 43573E-05 Nuclear fusion prod- uct/medical Solid/salt Cs-137 30.17 y 3.22 β...Requirements Office (JRO) for Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) Defense (J-8/JRO) and the US Army Office of The Surgeon General...D)], radiation dispersal devices (RDD), and improvised nuclear devices (IND), as well as conventional nuclear weapons.”1 To accomplish this task

  10. Army and Marine Corps Active Protection System (APS) Efforts (United States)


    Summary Active Protection Systems (APSs) are subsystems integrated into or installed on a combat vehicle to automatically acquire, track, and respond...Protection System (APS) Efforts Congressional Research Service 1 Why This Issue Is Important for Congress Active Protection Systems (APSs) are...of these systems are highly susceptible to “soft kill” APS, which underlies the importance of both soft and hard kill capabilities. 20 In addition

  11. Controls Over Army Deployable Disbursing System Payments Need Improvement (United States)


    Federal Reserve Bank of New York) RMT /dbCAS Requirement for Goods or Services Commitment/Obligation Expenditure/Accrual Check/Cash (Local Depository...Vendor Receiving Entity • Resource Management Tool ( RMT ) or database Commitment Accounting System (dbCAS)­ Commitment System • Standard Procurement System

  12. Summarizing of Development of Interface of Shipboard Gun Weapon System%舰炮武器系统人机界面发展综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪汇川; 赵晓哲


    The progress of Interface of shipboard gun weapon system is discussed. The circumstances and characteristics of interface of shipboard gun weapon system in start-up period, foundation period and development period is described. The development of describing and studying the interface of new shipboard gun weapon system will be open, intelligent, based on virtual reality and scientific evaluation finally.%探讨了舰炮武器系统人机界面发展历程,详述舰炮武器系统人机界面经历了初创期、奠基期和发展期三个阶段的情况与特点.最后对新型舰炮武器系统人机界面设计与研究将向开放式、智能化、虚拟现实和科学评佶方向发展作了展望.

  13. Analysis of the design concept of 'Nora' family artillery weapons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anastas L. Paligorić


    Full Text Available The development of the NORA family started as far as back to 1976 at the Military Technical Institute of the Yugoslav's People's Army. The programme covered development of several types of the main artillery weapon: the 152 mm NORA-A towed gun-howitzer, the 152 mm NORA-B self-propelled gun-howitzer and the 152 mm gun-howitzer with APU. Under the same programme, the conversion of the Russian 130 mm towed gun M46 into the 155 mm M46/84 gun (for export needs and the 152 mm M46/86 gun respectively (for the needs of the YPA was completed. Only the 152 mm M84 (NORA-A towed howitzer was introduced in service, while the development of the NORA-B and NORA-C weapons was carried on until 1992. After it had been suspended for many years, the development of the NORAB weapon was continued in 2003, followed by serial production of the 155 mm NORA-B52 self-propelled system for the export needs.

  14. Pakistans Nuclear Weapons (United States)


    Command and Control Support System, which “enables robust Command and Control capability of all strategic assets with round the clock situational...Building Confidence in Pakistan’s Nuclear Security,” Arms Control Today, December 2007; Robin Walker, “Pakistan’s Evolution as a Nuclear Weapons State: Lt...that understands the importance and the high priority that the world places on nuclear security. 136 Ambassador Olson told the House Foreign

  15. Guide for Transitioning Army Missile Systems From Development to Production. (United States)


    Technology Division, System Ngnesriagl rectorae * (DIMAwl-) lhe availability of appropriate mnufaoturing Preses pml o ut plays an Important role in the...cost reduction ideas . 3 e! M. atumtion0 !eM . One missile system currently In fall *"I* develoluft, MM9 bee foregone the traditional engineering

  16. Army Robotics (United States)


    Army Robotics 07 October 2009 Dr. Grant Gerhart, Senior Research Scientist Bernard Theisen, Joint Center for Robotics DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A... Robots 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Grant Gerhart; Bernard Theisen 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK...CBRNE • IED Defeat Systems • Disarm / Disrupt • Reconnaissance • Investigation • Explosive Sniffer • Common Robotic Kit • EOD • Convoy • Log

  17. Lessons from the Army’s Future Combat Systems Program (United States)


    development under the PM-CCS Scorpion program. In a complex SoS, consisting of a specific composition of systems, any deletion can cause unintended...raytheon and Lockheed (known as netFires LLC) Cancelled in e-IBCt, Littoral Combat Ship IMS textron Systems Separated in ‘07; PM-CCS, named Scorpion ...later renamed Scorpion , as the networked munitions capability for FCS. It was awarded a $115 million contract for the design and development in July

  18. Applicability Analysis of Performance Based Logistics Implementation for the U.S. Army Stryker Armored Vehicle to Improve Turkish Army Weapon System Support (United States)


    and Joan B. McWilliams . 2004. Defining and implementing performance based logistics in government(RESEARCH). Defense AR Journal. Bozkurt, Atilla...Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM 44, (6) (June): 58. Labuschagne, Carin, and Alan C. Brent. 2005. Sustainable

  19. Forest Tree Growth as a Bioindicator of Pollution Abatement Systems at the Radford Army Ammunition Plant. (United States)


    U-0Al C 0LIGNAPLTCGICIS P TT IY BLCSUG-EC FS1/ FOREST TREE GROWTH AS A BIOINDICATOR OF POLLUTION ABATEMENT SYS--ETC(I 𔃾- oa2 JAN 62 J M SKELLY. L W...947! FOREST TREE GROWTH AS A BIOINDICATOR OF POLLUTION ABATEMENT SYSTEMS AT THE RADFORD ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT Accession For FINAL REPORT Dr. John M...test potential bioindicator systems. x The study objectives of this research were: i’l) To determine if the pollution levels alone were responsible

  20. Tracking system to maximize the engagement envelope of a data linked weapon (United States)

    Davies, James M.; Ralph, Jason F.; Oxtoby, Neil P.


    This paper presents the results of an integrated target tracking, pursuit and intercept strategy. It is designed to maximize the overlap between the engagement envelope of a data linked weapon and the possible predicted locations of an agile target. Once the target track has been initialized, a Markov Model calculates all possible locations of the target up to the time of intercept, approximately 30 seconds from launch. These locations and associated probabilities are updated during the tracking process. This includes target maneuvers, which are detected using an IMM estimator. The engagement envelope is maximized at fixed points in time. In doing so the intercept decision is delayed until, there is a high probability of a successful interception.

  1. Research on Inferring ELECTRE-III’s Parameters with Fuzzy information and A Case on Naval Gun Weapon System Integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sun Shi Yan


    Full Text Available Multiple attributes decision making (MADM method is an important measure for system integration. Robustness analysis on MADM is a hotspot in these years which wins academe’s great attention, and is supposed to be an effective way when countering imperfect information. Setting parameters in ELECTRE-III’s is a vital and difficult step. In this paper, a method of inferring ELECTRE-III’s parameters with fuzzy information based on robustness analysis is presented. First, ELECTRE-III is transformed into a continuous smooth function of each parameter vector. Then, robustness analysis structure and a parameters inferring algorithm are provided by maximizing robustness margin based on mathematics programming. Moreover, how to resolve the programming problem is also discussed. At last, a illustrative example of Naval Gun Weapon System Integration is put forward.

  2. Software system requirements for the Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) End-To-End System using the Computer Aided Prototyping System (CAPS) multi-file approach


    Angrisani, David Stuart; Whitbeck, George Steven.


    The Department of Defense (DOD) is seeking software system requirements for the Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) End to End System, which comprises both ATACMS and all sensors, links, and command centers which enable integration across system and service boundaries. The complexity, multiple interfaces, and joint nature of planned ATACMS operations demands accurate specification of software system requirements. DOD also desires automated tools capable of developing rapid prototypes to ass...

  3. Complexity and Army Transformation (United States)

    Calhoun, Mark T.

    On 12 Octther 1999, the U.S. Army began a journey down a new path to innovation, when General Eric Shinseki presented his vision of Army Transformation at the 45th annual meeting of the Association of the United States Army. In this speech, General Shinseki described the Army as an organization consisting of heavy forces with excellent staying power but poor strategic responsiveness, light forces with excellent responsiveness but poor staying power, and a logistics system with an excessively large footprint. His proposed solution, a comprehensive change of the Army resulting in full-spectrum dominance and strategic responsiveness, would occur so quickly as to "be unnerving to some." [Shinseki. 1999] While this prediction has turned out in some ways to be true, it is not necessarily the speed of change that is unnerving to many of the people studying Army Transformation.

  4. Information Management: Records Management: The Modern Army Recordkeeping System (MARKS) (United States)


    media will, at a minimum: (1) Provide a method for authorized users to retrieve documents, such as an indexing, key word, or text search system. (2...For this reason, shipping records by rail or motor freight using Government Bills of Lading ( GBL ) within CONUS is preferred for unclassified...basic methods of arranging records alphabetically by subject, and by name. These methods are: a. Subject. Under this method , use subject titles and

  5. The Army Needs a Strategic Armored Gun System--Now (United States)


    the AGS ROC. IVECO- Fiat, The Italian firm o4 IVECO- Fiat has proposed three variants as candidates for the AGS! - The Centauro 9x8 wheeled light...armored vehicle with OTO Melana, i05mm turret. - The Centauro SxO with the Cadillac-Gage 105mm turret mounting the Royal Ordnance L-7 105mm gun. - The... Centauro 6x6 with the LAV-i10mm turret and EX-35 gun. The three systems cannot meet many of the AGE requirements# primarily weightp since the heaviest

  6. Work Program. Fiscal Year 1969 for The Department of the Army. Research and Development in Training, Motivation, and Leadership (United States)


    Center Director, Human Resources Research Office President, Research Analysis Corporation Ii Director, Center for Rescarch in Social Systems Director...Defense School U.S. Army Ilumqn Engineering Laboratories Weapon System Evaluation Group Institute for Defense Analyses Sandia Corporation 20 + it...remaining five areas have been deleted from the list with the con- currence of the School. A volume of Small Unit Comnat Actions that will provide the

  7. Performance EvaIuation System Design Based on BSC for the Acquisition of Weapons and Equipments%基于BSC的武器装备采购绩效评价体系设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹铁红; 谢文秀


    建立规范实用的武器装备采购绩效评价体系,是当前深入推进我军武器装备采购改革的迫切需要。在简要介绍平衡计分卡(balanced score card, BSC)主要内容和本质内涵的基础上,阐述基于 BSC 的武器装备采购绩效评价体系设计过程,建立了评价模型。%Currently,the driving for acquisition innovation in our army is urgently needed in es-tablishing the standard and applied performance evaluation system for the acquisition of weapons and equipments.On the basis of brief introduction of the content and essence of balanced score card (BSC),the process of performance evaluation system based on BSC is expatiated and the evaluation model are founded.

  8. Development Analysis of Airborne Weapon Control System%机载武器控制系统的发展分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    机载武器控制系统在现代战争中发挥着越来越重要的作用。文章介绍了机载武器控制系统的发展历程以及装备的研制、改进情况,指出了在现代战争中发展机载武器控制系统的优势和重要性,重点探讨了几种机载武器控制系统的性能及其特点,最后论述了机载武器控制系统的发展动向与分析。%Airborne weapon control system plays more and more roles in the war today .The process of development of the Airborne weapon control system abroad and equipment in some countries in the world and its modification are described . The technique performance and properties of several airborne weapon control system seekers are analyzed ;and development trend and analysis of airborne weapon control system are discussed .

  9. Advanced information processing system: The Army Fault-Tolerant Architecture detailed design overview (United States)

    Harper, Richard E.; Babikyan, Carol A.; Butler, Bryan P.; Clasen, Robert J.; Harris, Chris H.; Lala, Jaynarayan H.; Masotto, Thomas K.; Nagle, Gail A.; Prizant, Mark J.; Treadwell, Steven


    The Army Avionics Research and Development Activity (AVRADA) is pursuing programs that would enable effective and efficient management of large amounts of situational data that occurs during tactical rotorcraft missions. The Computer Aided Low Altitude Night Helicopter Flight Program has identified automated Terrain Following/Terrain Avoidance, Nap of the Earth (TF/TA, NOE) operation as key enabling technology for advanced tactical rotorcraft to enhance mission survivability and mission effectiveness. The processing of critical information at low altitudes with short reaction times is life-critical and mission-critical necessitating an ultra-reliable/high throughput computing platform for dependable service for flight control, fusion of sensor data, route planning, near-field/far-field navigation, and obstacle avoidance operations. To address these needs the Army Fault Tolerant Architecture (AFTA) is being designed and developed. This computer system is based upon the Fault Tolerant Parallel Processor (FTPP) developed by Charles Stark Draper Labs (CSDL). AFTA is hard real-time, Byzantine, fault-tolerant parallel processor which is programmed in the ADA language. This document describes the results of the Detailed Design (Phase 2 and 3 of a 3-year project) of the AFTA development. This document contains detailed descriptions of the program objectives, the TF/TA NOE application requirements, architecture, hardware design, operating systems design, systems performance measurements and analytical models.

  10. Nuclear weapons modernizations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kristensen, Hans M. [Federation of American Scientists, Washington, DC (United States)


    This article reviews the nuclear weapons modernization programs underway in the world's nine nuclear weapons states. It concludes that despite significant reductions in overall weapons inventories since the end of the Cold War, the pace of reductions is slowing - four of the nuclear weapons states are even increasing their arsenals, and all the nuclear weapons states are busy modernizing their remaining arsenals in what appears to be a dynamic and counterproductive nuclear competition. The author questions whether perpetual modernization combined with no specific plan for the elimination of nuclear weapons is consistent with the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and concludes that new limits on nuclear modernizations are needed.

  11. A Ground Network Micro-Weapon System%一种地面网域化微武器系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡美艳; 杨卫; 徐薇; 岳元


    A ground network micro-weapon system is a new concept high-performance micro-smart weapon which proposed in this paper.It bases on wireless sensor network, integrates with perception,identification, location and attack.It is a sense of the battlefield area, can automatic identify and locate the person and vehicles target; complete preparations for battlefield reconnaissance and attack; it can make use of wireless sensor network to communicate, compose a group of micro-combat units to be some clusters in multi-mode coordinated attack ; it will play an important role in the fortress defense, the resident duty,border control and counter-terrorism operation.%基于无线传感器网络,集感知、识别、定位、攻击于一体的地面网域化微武器系统,提出的一种全新概念的高性能微型智能武器.能感知网域内战场态势,自动对人员、车辆目标识别和定位,完成战场侦察和攻击准备;能利用网络进行通讯,将一群微战斗单元组成若干个簇来对目标实施多模协同攻击;将在要塞防御、驻地值勤、边防职守以及反恐作战等方面发挥重要作用.

  12. Research on demonstration methodology for system of systems on weapon and equipment%关于武器装备体系论证方法的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏继才; 崔颢; 任庭光; 董杰


    Characteristic of development and demonstration for system of systems on weapon and equipment were analyzed. Issue of demonstration was also analyzed. Demonstration methodology for system of systems on weapon and equipment was built based on the analysis means and methods. This could be adapted for development of system of systems on weapon and equipment in information age. The essential characteristics of stratagem research are discussed and the stratagem research methodology is brought forward and constructed. Then under the guidance of the combination of qualitative and quantitative methods, the meta-synthetic integrated environment of stratagem research is designed, realized and applied to solve the stratagem research problem.%针对武器装备体系建设的特点,简述了目前武器装备体系论证特点和存在的方法问题.通过分析武器装备体系论证手段,剖析武器装备体系论证方法,提出应合理建立武器装备体系论证方法体系,形成武器装备体系论证方法论,以适应在信息化条件下武器装备体系建设的论证要求.依据上述方法论结合武器装备体系论证的特点,建立了软件综合集成环境,环境中每个软件工具或软件分系统,可根据不同论证任务,灵活形成针对该论证任务的软件环境,以满足相应论证任务的需要,体现定性分析与定量评估相结合.

  13. Weapons Acquisition. Processes of Selected Foreign Government. (United States)


    period from 1977 to 1985: (1) 5.56mm calibre assault rifle. (2) Milan and Hot antitank weapon systems. (3) Roland ground-to-air weapon system. (4) AMX 30...and standardization edicts . Awards and penalties are laid on accordingly. (7/17, 13/20) The ministries stand apart from one another in the same way

  14. 鱼雷作战效能评估方法分析%Analysis of Evaluation Model for Torpedo Weapon System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋保维; 宋晓茹; 毛昭勇


    The torpedo weapon systems with high operational effectiveness have been playing a decisive role in the modern warfare under high-tech conditions. The paper describes the definition for torpedo weapon operational effectiveness. Some key researches are paid to introduce several typical newly analysis and evaluation methods for torpedo weapon systems, which is along with the characteristic and many dedicated applications of each method discussed. Finally, the existing problems of the operational effectiveness evaluations for torpedo weapon operational effectiveness analyses and evaluation are pointed out, and the development trends of it have been prospected.%高作战效能的鱼雷武器装备系统在现代高技术战争中起着决定性作用.给出了鱼雷作战效能定义,重点对比几种典型新颖的鱼雷武器系统作战效能分析方法,并讨论了各自的特点和适用场合.最后提出了当前鱼雷武器作战效能评估的现存问题,并对其研究领域的发展方向作了展望.

  15. Investigation on scalable high-power lasers with enhanced 'eye-safety' for future weapon systems (United States)

    Bigotta, S.; Diener, K.; Eichhorn, M.; Galecki, L.; Geiss, L.; Ibach, T.; Scharf, H.; von Salisch, M.; Schöner, J.; Vincent, G.


    The possible use of lasers as weapons becomes more and more interesting for military forces. Besides the generation of high laser power and good beam quality, also safety considerations, e. g. concerning eye hazards, are of importance. The MELIAS (medium energy laser in the "eye-safe" spectral domain) project of ISL addresses these issues, and ISL has developed the most powerful solid-state laser in the "eye-safe" wavelength region up to now. "Eye safety" in this context means that light at a wavelength of > 1.4 μm does not penetrate the eye and thus will not be focused onto the retina. The basic principle of this technology is that a laser source needs to be scalable in power to far beyond 100 kW without a significant deterioration in beam quality. ISL has studied a very promising laser technology: the erbium heat-capacity laser. This type of laser is characterised by a compact design, a simple and robust technology and a scaling law which, in principle, allows the generation of laser power far beyond megawatts at small volumes. Previous investigations demonstrated the scalability of the SSHCL and up to 4.65 kW and 440 J in less than 800 ms have been obtained. Opticalto- optical efficiencies of over 41% and slope efficiencies of over 51% are obtained. The residual thermal gradients, due to non perfect pumping homogeneity, negatively affect the performance in terms of laser pulse energy, duration and beam quality. In the course of the next two years, ISL will be designing a 25 to 30 kW erbium heat-capacity laser.

  16. Artificial intelligence technology assessment for the US Army Depot System Command

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pennock, K A


    This assessment of artificial intelligence (AI) has been prepared for the US Army's Depot System Command (DESCOM) by Pacific Northwest Laboratory. The report describes several of the more promising AI technologies, focusing primarily on knowledge-based systems because they have been more successful in commercial applications than any other AI technique. The report also identifies potential Depot applications in the areas of procedural support, scheduling and planning, automated inspection, training, diagnostics, and robotic systems. One of the principal objectives of the report is to help decisionmakers within DESCOM to evaluate AI as a possible tool for solving individual depot problems. The report identifies a number of factors that should be considered in such evaluations. 22 refs.

  17. Analysis of laser energy characteristics of laser guided weapons based on the hardware-in-the-loop simulation system (United States)

    Zhu, Yawen; Cui, Xiaohong; Wang, Qianqian; Tong, Qiujie; Cui, Xutai; Li, Chenyu; Zhang, Le; Peng, Zhong


    The hardware-in-the-loop simulation system, which provides a precise, controllable and repeatable test conditions, is an important part of the development of the semi-active laser (SAL) guided weapons. In this paper, laser energy chain characteristics were studied, which provides a theoretical foundation for the SAL guidance technology and the hardware-in-the-loop simulation system. Firstly, a simplified equation was proposed to adjust the radar equation according to the principles of the hardware-in-the-loop simulation system. Secondly, a theoretical model and calculation method were given about the energy chain characteristics based on the hardware-in-the-loop simulation system. We then studied the reflection characteristics of target and the distance between the missile and target with major factors such as the weather factors. Finally, the accuracy of modeling was verified by experiment as the values measured experimentally generally follow the theoretical results from the model. And experimental results revealed that ratio of attenuation of the laser energy exhibited a non-linear change vs. pulse number, which were in accord with the actual condition.

  18. 2011 Army Strategic Planning Guidance (United States)


    TESI ) of 22,000 Soldiers, the Army’s total force by the end of the mid-term period is programmed to be 520K (AC). We will achieve a more...dwell ratios, extending TESI authority to adequately man deploying units and sustain the All-Volunteer Force, right-sizing the generating force, and... TESI Temporary End-Strength Increase WMD Weapons of Mass Destruction 2011 ARMY STRATEGIC PLANNING GUIDANCE Page 19 2011

  19. Impact response of US Army and National Football League helmet pad systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moss, W C; King, M J


    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory [LLNL] was tasked to compare the impact response of NFL helmet pad systems and U.S. Army pad systems compatible with an Advanced Combat Helmet [ACH] at impact velocities up to 20 ft/s. This was a one-year study funded by the U.S. Army and JIEDDO. The Army/JIEDDO point of contact is COL R. Todd Dombroski, DO, JIEDDO Surgeon. LLNL was chosen by committee to perform the research based on prior published computational studies of the mechanical response of helmets and skulls to blast. Our collaborators include the U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory [USAARL] (a DoD laboratory responsible for impact testing helmets), Team Wendy and Oregon Aero (current and former ACH pad manufacturers), Riddell and Xenith (NFL pad manufacturers), and d3o (general purpose sports pad manufacturer). The manufacturer-supplied pad systems that were studied are shown in the figure below. The first two are the Army systems, which are bilayer foam pads with both hard and soft foam and a water-resistant airtight wrapper (Team Wendy) or a water-resistant airtight coating (Oregon Aero). The next two are NFL pad systems. The Xenith system consists of a thin foam pad and a hollow air-filled cylinder that elastically buckles under load. The Riddell system is a bilayer foam pad that is encased in an inflatable airbag with relief channels to neighboring pads in the helmet. The inflatable airbag is for comfort and provides no enhancement to impact mitigation. The d3o system consists of a rate-sensitive homogeneous dense foam. LLNL performed experiments to characterize the material properties of the individual foam materials and the response of the complete pad systems, to obtain parameters needed for the simulations. LLNL also performed X-ray CT scans of an ACH helmet shell that were used to construct a geometrically accurate computational model of the helmet. Two complementary sets of simulations were performed. The first set of simulations reproduced the

  20. Smart Weapons - Can We Fold the Nuclear Umbrella (United States)


    However, as a weapon of mass destruction, they present unique doctrina ! problems. Doctrine must address not only their military utility, but their...p. 3. 3. Ibid., p. 4. 4. United States Army TRADOC Regulation 525-58 (Final Draft), Airland Operations, Fort Monroe , VA, 1991, p. 3. 5. Buckley

  1. How the Army Meter Data Management System (MDMS) Can Help on the Path to Net Zero (United States)


    fuels, as it consumes in its buildings , facilities, and fleet vehicles over the course of a year. May 10, 2011 4:00 PM ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY SECURITY...SUSTAINABILITY 3 US Army Engineering and Support Center, Huntsville Net Zero Goal Sites - by 2020 NetZero Energy • Fort Detrick, MD • Fort netzero / ENERGY US Army Engineering and Support Center, Huntsville The Army path to Net Zero Energy 1. Reduce consumption 2

  2. Review of Army Officer Educational System. Volume 2. Full Report, and Annexes B, C (United States)


    reviews which deal with the premises and fundamentals 3 This view is strongly expressed by Edward L. Katzenbach , Jr. in "The Demotion of Professionalism...Munitions School, US Army Logistics Management Center, US Army Combat Surveillance and Electronic Warfare School, US Army John F. Kennedy Institute...of Oregon 145 Moore Hall 147B Hendricks Hall Los Angeles, California 90024 Eugene, Oregon 97403 213-825-4711, Ext. 28 503-686-5172 Dr. John Holland

  3. Impact response of US Army and National Football League helmet pad systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moss, W C; King, M J


    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory [LLNL] was tasked to compare the impact response of NFL helmet pad systems and U.S. Army pad systems compatible with an Advanced Combat Helmet [ACH] at impact velocities up to 20 ft/s. This was a one-year study funded by the U.S. Army and JIEDDO. The Army/JIEDDO point of contact is COL R. Todd Dombroski, DO, JIEDDO Surgeon. LLNL was chosen by committee to perform the research based on prior published computational studies of the mechanical response of helmets and skulls to blast. Our collaborators include the U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory [USAARL] (a DoD laboratory responsible for impact testing helmets), Team Wendy and Oregon Aero (current and former ACH pad manufacturers), Riddell and Xenith (NFL pad manufacturers), and d3o (general purpose sports pad manufacturer). The manufacturer-supplied pad systems that were studied are shown in the figure below. The first two are the Army systems, which are bilayer foam pads with both hard and soft foam and a water-resistant airtight wrapper (Team Wendy) or a water-resistant airtight coating (Oregon Aero). The next two are NFL pad systems. The Xenith system consists of a thin foam pad and a hollow air-filled cylinder that elastically buckles under load. The Riddell system is a bilayer foam pad that is encased in an inflatable airbag with relief channels to neighboring pads in the helmet. The inflatable airbag is for comfort and provides no enhancement to impact mitigation. The d3o system consists of a rate-sensitive homogeneous dense foam. LLNL performed experiments to characterize the material properties of the individual foam materials and the response of the complete pad systems, to obtain parameters needed for the simulations. LLNL also performed X-ray CT scans of an ACH helmet shell that were used to construct a geometrically accurate computational model of the helmet. Two complementary sets of simulations were performed. The first set of simulations reproduced the

  4. Cleanup worker exposures to hazardous chemicals at a former nuclear weapons plant: piloting of an exposure surveillance system. (United States)

    LaMontagne, A D; Van Dyke, M V; Martyny, J W; Ruttenber, A J


    Cleanup of former U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) nuclear weapons production facilities involves potential exposures to various hazardous chemicals. We have collaboratively developed and piloted an exposure database and surveillance system for cleanup worker hazardous chemical exposure data with a cleanup contractor at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS). A unique system feature is the incorporation of a 34-category work task-coding scheme. This report presents an overview of the data captured by this system during development and piloting from March 1995 through August 1998. All air samples collected were entered into the system. Of the 859 breathing zone samples collected, 103 unique employees and 39 unique compounds were represented. Breathing zone exposure levels were usually low (86% of breathing zone samples were below analytical limits of detection). The use of respirators and other exposure controls was high (87 and 88%, respectively). Occasional high-level excursions did occur. Detailed quantitative summaries are provided for the six most monitored compounds: asbestos, beryllium, carbon tetrachloride, chromium, lead, and methylene chloride. Task and job title data were successfully collected for most samples, and showed specific cleanup activities by pipe fitters to be the most commonly represented in the database. Importantly, these results demonstrate the feasibility of the implementation of integrated exposure database and surveillance systems by practicing industrial hygienists employed in industry as well as the preventive potential and research uses of such systems. This exposure database and surveillance system--the central features of which are applicable in any industrial work setting--has enabled one of the first systematic quantitative characterizations of DOE cleanup worker exposures to hazardous chemicals.

  5. Analysis of the Army’s Installation Support Modules with the Private Sector’s Open Information Systems (United States)


    according to Bryman , it is possible to use a small sample and still maintain a high degree of validity as long as the sampling size represents a...Analysis of the Army’s 48 References Alperin, Jeffry A. & St. Germain, Robert A., Jr. (1989). Open Systems: Ready for Lift-Off? Best Review, 90, 82. Bryman

  6. A Model for Operational Efficiency Evaluation of Air-defense Weapon System%地面防空武器系统的效能评估模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    作战系统服务能力是衡量其作战效能的重要指标,结合现代作战系统的特点,运用排队论原理,建立了一种地面防空武器系统效能评估模型,确定了武器系统作为随机服务系统的主要性能指标,包括目标突防概率、目标杀伤概率、占用射击通道的平均数、射击通道占用概率和武器系统效率等.示例计算分析显示,该模型与外部条件和地面防空武器系统的综合特性密切相关,对辅助指挥员决策有一定的参考价值.%The combat system' s service capability is one of the important factors of its operational efficiency. Based on the characteristics of modern combat system, a model for operational efficiency evaluation of air-defense weapon system was established by applying basic principle of queuing theory. The main features of air-defense weapon system as a random service system were defined, such as target penetration probability, target kill probability, the average number of occupying the firing channel, shooting channel occupancy probability and weapon system efficiency and so on. The analysis and calculation to an example showed that this model was closely related to the external conditions and all-round property of air-defense weapon system, and could be taken as a reference for aiding decision-making for commanders.

  7. Effectiveness Evaluation of Weapon System Supported by Data Link%数据链支持下的武器系统评估体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王磊; 曹龙


    Aimed at the problems that effectiveness evaluation of weapon system supported by data link are cost high,time-consuming and on single weapon system. Operation Domain theory is quoted to build up a common effectiveness evaluation system of Weapon System Supported by Data Link,which combined with index system and integrated evaluation method. This system effectively solves the problems which evaluation object is various,man in loop facts are multiple and qualitative index lacks quantized method,which also provided a reliable way to evaluated effectiveness of weapon system supported by data link.%结合数据链作战使用需求,针对国外采用统计法评估数据链系统代价高、费时和针对单一兵器系统的问题。创新性地将作用域原则引入WSSDL作战效能评估体系过程中,完成了基于作用域的指标体系构建和综合评估方法设计工作,首次有效地解决了数据链支持下武器系统的评估对象多样化、人在回路因素多、定性指标缺乏量化手段的问题,为数据链支持下的武器系统作战效能评估提供了可靠手段和方法。

  8. 36 CFR 13.30 - Weapons, traps and nets. (United States)


    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Weapons, traps and nets. 13... INTERIOR NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM UNITS IN ALASKA General Provisions § 13.30 Weapons, traps and nets. (a... of this chapter, the following are prohibited— (1) Possessing a weapon, trap, or net; (2) Carrying...

  9. 50 CFR 27.43 - Weapons other than firearms. (United States)


    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Weapons other than firearms. 27.43 Section... (CONTINUED) THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM PROHIBITED ACTS Disturbing Violations: With Weapons § 27.43 Weapons other than firearms. The use or possession of cross bows, bows and arrows, air guns, spears,...

  10. The Trend of Missile-Gun Combined Weapon System for Aerial Defense%弹炮结合防空武器系统新趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈薇; 王军


    Since the Kosovo War started to use a form of simple air raids and counter-air raids,a increasing number of wars use air raids to attack the enemy,so how to defense the enemy in the air become more and more important. Missile-Gun combined weapon system not only has a big air defense area but also has a high effective-cost,so it will become the trend of air defense weapon system. This paper describes the structure and classification of Missile-Gun combined weapon system,and analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of the current systems; finally the trend of Missile-Gun combined weapon system is proposed.%自从科索沃战争开创了单纯空袭作战与反空袭作战的先例之后,空袭就成为了战争的焦点,如何更好地抵御空中目标的来袭成为各国战争防御的主题。弹炮结合防空武器系统具有防空区域大、效费比高等优点,是防空武器系统的发展趋势之一。在分析现有典型弹炮结合防空武器系统的基础上,依据弹炮结合武器系统是否共用火控系统将其分为弹炮混编式和弹炮同控式两种形式;随后,结合现代空袭的特点提出了弹炮结合武器系统的发展趋势。

  11. 某武器系统阵地通话器的设计%Design of Technology for Intercom in the Some Weapon System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王原会; 王桂兰; 彭涛; 孔祥善


    Features of the intercom associated with some weapon system are introduced in the paper, options and design based on PBL3764 (SLIC),composition of the independent system and effects on application of PBL3764 to the weapon system are explored as well. Effectiveness of the weapon system coordination is enhanced due to reliability and effectiveness of the key technology.%介绍了配套某武器系统阵地通话器的主要技术与功能要求,探讨了其关键技术用户电路PBL3764(SLIC)的选型设计,及其PBL3764应用在该武器系统的效果,阐述了该阵地通话器通信系统,提高了阵地式武器系统协调的效能,以及通信系统的独立构成功能。

  12. Concealed weapons detection using electromagnetic resonances (United States)

    Hunt, Allen R.; Hogg, R. Douglas; Foreman, William


    Concealed weapons pose a significant threat to both law enforcement and security agency personnel. The uncontrolled environments associated with peacekeeping and the move toward relaxation of concealed weapons laws here in the U.S. provide a strong motivation for developing weapons detection technologies which are noninvasive and can function noncooperatively. Existing weapons detection systems are primarily oriented to detecting metal and require the cooperation of the person being searched. The new generation of detectors under development that focuses primarily on imaging methods, faces problems associated with privacy issues. There remains a need for a weapons detector which is portable, detects weapons remotely, avoids the issues associated with privacy rights, can tell the difference between car keys and a knife, and is affordable enough that one can be issued to every peacekeeper and law enforcement officer. AKELA is developing a concealed weapons detector that uses wideband radar techniques to excite natural electromagnetic resonances that characterize the size, shape, and material composition of an object. Neural network processing is used to classify the difference between weapons and nuisance objects. We have constructed both time and frequency domain test systems and used them to gather experimental data on a variety of armed and unarmed individuals. These experiments have been performed in an environment similar to the operational environment. Preliminary results from these experiments show that it is possible to detect a weapon being carried by an individual from a distance of 10 to 15 feet, and to detect a weapon being concealed behind the back. The power required is about 100 milliwatts. A breadboard system is being fabricated and will be used by AKELA and our law enforcement partner to gather data in operationally realistic situations. While a laptop computer will control the breadboard system, the wideband radar electronics will fit in a box the

  13. Geometrical configurations of unphased diffraction-limited antennas in passive millimetre-wave imaging systems for concealed weapon detection (United States)

    Serenelli, Roberto


    This paper analyzes simple imaging configurations to scan a human body, suitable as passive or active millimetre-wave imaging systems for concealed weapon detection (CWD). The first cylindrical configuration allows a 360 degrees scan: N unphased diffraction-limited antennas each of size L are placed on a circular support surrounding the subject (allowing scanning in the horizontal plane with N non-overlapping independent beams), and this circle is mechanically displaced over the whole body height. An analytical formula gives the maximum obtainable spatial resolution for different dimensions of the circular scanning device and operating frequencies, and the number of receivers achieving this optimal resolution. Constraints to be taken into account are diffraction, the usable total length of the circle, and the full coverage by the N beams over the subject, which is modelled as a cylinder with variable radius, coaxial with the scanning circle. Numerical calculations of system resolution are shown for different operating microwave (MW) and millimetre-wave (MMW) frequencies; in order to study off-axis performances, situations where the subject is not coaxial with the scanning device are also considered. For the case of a parallelepiped to be imaged instead of a cylinder, a linear array configuration is analyzed similarly to the circular one. A theoretical study is carried out to design other curved arrays, filled with unphased diffraction-limited antennas, for the imaging of linear subjects with finer resolution. Finally, the application of such configurations is considered for the design of active imaging systems, and different system architectures are discussed.

  14. Homeland security application of the Army Soft Target Exploitation and Fusion (STEF) system (United States)

    Antony, Richard T.; Karakowski, Joseph A.


    A fusion system that accommodates both text-based extracted information along with more conventional sensor-derived input has been developed and demonstrated in a terrorist attack scenario as part of the Empire Challenge (EC) 09 Exercise. Although the fusion system was developed to support Army military analysts, the system, based on a set of foundational fusion principles, has direct applicability to department of homeland security (DHS) & defense, law enforcement, and other applications. Several novel fusion technologies and applications were demonstrated in EC09. One such technology is location normalization that accommodates both fuzzy semantic expressions such as behind Library A, across the street from the market place, as well as traditional spatial representations. Additionally, the fusion system provides a range of fusion products not supported by traditional fusion algorithms. Many of these additional capabilities have direct applicability to DHS. A formal test of the fusion system was performed during the EC09 exercise. The system demonstrated that it was able to (1) automatically form tracks, (2) help analysts visualize behavior of individuals over time, (3) link key individuals based on both explicit message-based information as well as discovered (fusion-derived) implicit relationships, and (4) suggest possible individuals of interest based on their association with High Value Individuals (HVI) and user-defined key locations.

  15. Device 2F112 (F-14A WST (Weapon System Trainers)) Instructor Console Review. (United States)


    Cockpit Section- Trainee Station, b. Instructor Operator Station (OS), c. Computer System, d. Wide-Angle Visual System (WAVS), e. Auxiliary Systems. The...d) Printer 2) TRAINEE AREA 3) HYDRAULIC POWFR ROOM 4) ELEC. POWER/AIR COMPRESSORS 5) COMPUTER/PERIPHERAL AREA Figure 1. Device 2FI12 general layout...l-" ._, .: < .’ --.,,.. .’ ., . .,. - NAVTRAEQUIPCEN 81-M-1121-1 • )I,1(Immendat ion 15. MO Billet. The Mission Operator has ;,tit v,,n elt ctive

  16. 15 CFR Supplement No. 7 to Part 742 - Description of Major Weapons Systems (United States)


    ... to their target. (11) Night vision equipment: Any electro-optical device that is used to detect visible and infrared energy and to provide an image. This includes night vision goggles, forward-looking infrared systems, thermal sights, and low-light level systems that are night vision devices, as well...

  17. Vessel Weapon System Baseline Deviation Analysis Based on ANSYS%基于ANSYS的舰船武器装备基准变化分析方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张磊; 王安国; 李辉


    Vessel weapon system baseline deviation caused by external condition affects attack accuracy. The finite element model is constructed by ANSYS. 3D wave loads calculation method is used to simulate the wave force in sailing condition. Vessel weapon system baseline deviation in the case of two limit sea conditions is researched. The simulation result indicates that vessel weapon system baseline deviation of certain vessel structure of this text is remarkable in the rolling condition and the weapon baseline near stem and broadside has a tremendous influence. Therefore this certain vessel should be sailing a-gainst wave while it carries out combat duty in order to decrease the influence of rolling.%舰船武器装备基准在外界因素作用下产生变化,从而影响武器系统的打击精度.应用ANSYS平台建立舰船有限元模型,利用三维波浪载荷的计算方法模拟航行条件下舰船所受载荷,研究了舰船甲板面武器装备基准在两种极限海况下的变化情况.仿真结果表明:针对所选取的某型舰船主体结构而言,舰船横摇使武器装备基准产生较大的变化,并且靠近船体尾部和两舷位置处装备的基准变化较为显著,所以该型舰船在执行作战任务中,应尽量采取顶浪航行,减小舰船横摇对武器装备基准的影响.

  18. Study of System United Integration to Weapon Equipment%信息化武器装备系统综合集成研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范海文; 李建伟; 王世尧


    The transformation of weapon equipment from mechanization to information demand system united integration technique. This pager explain the meaning of united Integration and the specialties for weapon equipment,give some way and suggest according as experience too.%武器装备由机械化向信息化的转型需要应用综合集成技术。论述了综合集成的内涵及信息化武器装备系统综合集成的必要性、特点和原则,并结合所从事项目的实践,提出系统综合集成的一些方法和几点建议。

  19. Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons (United States)


    William Potter , and Nikolai Sokov, Reducing and Regulating Tactical (Nonstrategic) Nuclear Weapons in Europe, The James Martin Center For...See William C. Potter and Nikolai Sokov, “Nuclear Weapons that People Forget,” International Herald Tribune, May 31, 2000. 87 Sam Nunn, Igor...their security.97 94 Kent Harris , “NATO Allies Want U.S. Nuclear Weapons out of Europe

  20. 信息化武器装备系统中的软件思维%Software Thought in Information Weapon Equipment System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾滨兵; 刘庆峰; 于慧媛


    It is well known that the software is very important under the information environment, but profound infection to weapon equipment system of weapon equipment software must think much of not only in the area of function and technology, but also in the thought area. After making logical relation of software and hardware clearly and researching infection of software in thought layer, apprehends weapon equipment system in software point of view, and is cognizant of software's function like spirit.%在信息化条件下,重视软件成为共识,但是重视装备软件不仅是在功能技术层面上,还应在思维层面上审视其对武器装备系统的思想内涵和发展思路的深刻影响.从武器装备系统中软硬件的逻辑关系出发,研究软件如何从思维层面影响现代武器装备系统,可以更好地从软件的视角上去理解和把握武器装备系统,真正认识到软件的“灵魂”作用.

  1. On Development of Fire Control System for Neutralizing Weapon%压制兵器火控系统发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    荆玉焕; 王秀春; 张振华


    On the basis of status quo of the digitalized fire control for the neutralizing weapon in China and development trend of the modern weapon systems in the overseas, the developing trend of the neutralizing weapon is discussed and analyzed, technical characteristics of the new generation of the fire netted,intelligent and integrated fire control system.%在目前国内压制兵器数字化火控系统发展现状的基础上,根据世界先进武器装备系统的发展趋势,总结分析压制兵器的发展趋势,并归纳提炼出新一代或控股系统的技术特征.为研制出具有信息化、网络化、智能化、一体化火控系统的炮兵武器装备进行理论探索.

  2. Reconversion of nuclear weapons

    CERN Document Server

    Kapitza, Sergei P


    The nuclear predicament or nuclear option. Synopsis of three lectures : 1- The physical basis of nuclear technology. Physics of fission. Chain reaction in reactors and weapons. Fission fragments. Separration of isotopes. Radiochemistry.2- Nuclear reactors with slow and fast neutrons. Power, size, fuel and waste. Plutonium production. Dose rate, shielding and health hazard. The lessons of Chernobyl3- Nuclear weapons. Types, energy, blast and fallout. Fusion and hydrogen bombs. What to do with nuclear weapons when you cannot use them? Testing. Nonmilittary use. Can we get rid of the nuclear weapon? Nuclear proliferation. Is there a nuclear future?

  3. Research on Quantization System of Weapon Equipment Combat Capability%武器装备作战能力量化体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈国社; 马亚平


    Weapon equipmen combat capability quantity is a primary data engineering in the field of war game.As the basic element of weapon equipmen combat capability , "five kinds capability" is decomposed into some factors reasonably.Through the scientific and reasonable partition of weapon equipmen combat capability quantization level, the framework of weapon equipmen combat capability quantization is set up.Finally, the main works and interrelated methods about index system setting up and model system designing is introduced simply.%武器装备作战能力量化问题是现代作战模拟领域的一项基础数据工程.以"五力"为武器装备作战能力的基本构成要素,对其适度分解,形成了武器装备作战能力内涵较为全面、详细的描述.对武器装备作战能力量化层次进行了科学、合理划分,确定了武器装备作战能力各分量的首要量化层次,形成了武器装备作战能力量化体系结构.介绍了武器装备作战能力量化指标体系建立和量化模型体系构建所涉及的主要工作及相应研究思路.

  4. Weapons of Mass Secretion : The Type III Secretion System of Shigella flexneri

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sani, Musa


    In bacteria that are pathogenic for animals, type III secretion systems allow extracellular bacteria adhering to the surface of a host cell to inject specialized proteins across the plasma membrane. The injected proteins subvert the functioning of the aggressed cell or destroy its communications, fa

  5. Commander’s Guide to Money as a Weapons System: Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures (United States)


    events, diffuse potential unrest, and foster relations and stability with the local Afghan people. Provincial reconstruction teams (PRT) and...more advanced techniques such as reverse osmosis . The distribution of drinking water is accomplished via municipal water systems or as bottled water

  6. ManTech Implementing a Strategy to Deliver Weapon Systems Affordability (United States)


    print for sensor grid production • Developed...developed and demonstrated a prototype virtual- reality welder training system that simulates the gas metal arc welding process • The 3D head-mounted...processes for lighter, durable and more comfortable composite prosthetics – Provided improved combat rations with high quality,

  7. Warranties in Weapon System Procurement: An Analysis of Practice and Theory. (United States)


    warranty usage by DoD drawn from civil commercial codes, court rulings, and claims commission findings. It evolved from the ASPRs through the whose materials and labor costs me less than $50. The contrato is protected against claims when DoD personnel have taken certain improper actions...relieved of his liability. If the systemic defect threshold is breached, a contingent liability ceiling Is sot for the contrato equal to tha thrshoLd

  8. Guidance, Control and Positioning of Future Precision Guided Stand-off Weapons Systems (United States)


    ngcessairsment lieu entre deux missiles adjacents. Les missiles i et i+1 entrent en collision si l𔄀cart relatif &. passe par le domajne & entre deux recal ... airbag manufacturers. The resulting ejection concept incorporates a dual airbag system in which individual submunitions are grouped into subpacks...consisting of submunitions, an airbag and foam dunnage. These subpacks are arranged around one or more primary airbags which are used to eject the subpacks

  9. Systems Engineering and Program Management. Trends and Costs for Aircraft and Guided Weapons Programs (United States)


    Project AIR FORCE PCA Physical Configuration Audit P&D Production and Deployment PDR Preliminary Design Review P3I Preplanned Product Improvement PIN ...Program Management SEPM LOT Lot Cost of SE/PM (in production) SEPM UC Unit Cost of SE/PM (in production) SFR System Functional Review ii SE/PM...perform as intended, without a mission critical failure , for a specified period of time. Maintainability engineers are concerned with the resource re

  10. A Program Manager’s Methodology for Developing Structured Design in Embedded Weapons Systems. (United States)


    conversion among various data types and provide interfacing with existing sensor and ship’s equipment. The WCIP provides visual status information to -he...the new concept. A rather simple way of viewing this requires one to visualize the principle to be added as needing a set of prerequisite traits. For...system specifications from their totally graphic fcrm into a short narrativa form. This trans.tion is a necessary first step toward using an SDL, an

  11. Geometry-Of-Fire Tracking Algorithm for Direct-Fire Weapon Systems (United States)


    Naval Postgraduate School NVG night vision goggles PEQ-15 AN/PEQ-15 Advanced Target Pointer/Illuminator PNS personal navigation system ROS Robot...bettered reconnaissance capabilities, and tanks brought shock and mobility to the battlefield. In the Korean War, helicopters added flexibility for...night vision goggles ( NVG ), and various rifle optics are notable examples. GPS streamlined land navigation for dismounted infantry units. NVGs

  12. Evaluation of the US Army DT-236 battlefield personnel dosimetry system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Swaja, R.E.; Oyan, R.; Sims, C.S.; Dooley, M.A.


    Performance characteristics of the US Army DT-236 battlefield personnel dosimetry system were evaluated using the Health Physics Research Reactor at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The DT-236 dosimeter is designed to measure total (neutron plus gamma) radiation dose using a radiophotoluminescent (RPL) detector for gamma rays and a silicon diode for fast neutrons. Areas considered in this evaluation included preirradiation dose indication; accuracy and precision of total, gamma, and neutron dose measurements; fading; angular response; temperature dependence; and relative dosimeter response in air and on various body locations. Experimental results for a variety of radiation fields and dose levels indicate that the existing system overestimates total, neutron, and gamma radiation doses in air by about 20 to 60% relative to reference values. Associated measurement precisions were about +-5% of the means for doses above approximately 0.5 Gy. Fading characteristics, angular dependence, and temperature dependence of the RPL and diode systems were consistent with results expected based on detector characteristics and previous performance studies. Recommendations to improve existing reader performance and measurement accuracy are also presented.

  13. A decontamination system for chemical weapons agents using a liquid solution on a solid sorbent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Waysbort, Daniel [Israel Institute for Biological Research, PO Box 19, Ness-Ziona 74100 (Israel); McGarvey, David J. [R and T Directorate, Edgewood Chemical and Biological Center (ECBC), Aberdeen Proving Ground-Edgewood Area, MD 21010 (United States)], E-mail:; Creasy, William R.; Morrissey, Kevin M.; Hendrickson, David M. [SAIC, P.O. Box 68, Gunpowder Branch, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010 (United States); Durst, H. Dupont [R and T Directorate, Edgewood Chemical and Biological Center (ECBC), Aberdeen Proving Ground-Edgewood Area, MD 21010 (United States)


    A decontamination system for chemical warfare agents was developed and tested that combines a liquid decontamination reagent solution with solid sorbent particles. The components have fewer safety and environmental concerns than traditional chlorine bleach-based products or highly caustic solutions. The liquid solution, based on Decon Green{sup TM}, has hydrogen peroxide and a carbonate buffer as active ingredients. The best solid sorbents were found to be a copolymer of ethylene glycol dimethacrylate and n-lauryl methacrylate (Polytrap 6603 Adsorber); or an allyl methacrylate cross-linked polymer (Poly-Pore E200 Adsorber). These solids are human and environmentally friendly and are commonly used in cosmetics. The decontaminant system was tested for reactivity with pinacolyl methylphosphonofluoridate (Soman, GD), bis(2-chloroethyl)sulfide (Mustard, HD), and S-(2-diisopropylaminoethyl) O-ethyl methylphosphonothioate (VX) by using NMR Spectroscopy. Molybdate ion (MoO{sub 4}{sup -2}) was added to the decontaminant to catalyze the oxidation of HD. The molybdate ion provided a color change from pink to white when the oxidizing capacity of the system was exhausted. The decontaminant was effective for ratios of agent to decontaminant of up to 1:50 for VX (t{sub 1/2} {<=} 4 min), 1:10 for HD (t{sub 1/2} < 2 min with molybdate), and 1:10 for GD (t{sub 1/2} < 2 min). The vapor concentrations of GD above the dry sorbent and the sorbent with decontamination solution were measured to show that the sorbent decreased the vapor concentration of GD. The E200 sorbent had the additional advantage of absorbing aqueous decontamination solution without the addition of an organic co-solvent such as isopropanol, but the rate depended strongly on mixing for HD.

  14. System Aware Cybersecurity: A Multi-Sentinel Scheme to Protect a Weapons Research Lab (United States)


    fuzzy front 51 end ” of a narrative description to a rough block diagram to a robust system model, model assessment (such as attack surface...SUBTRACTED) anything. Figure 20 (below) shows an NMAP scan of the network, using ZenMap as the front end GUI. Again, comparing any detectable way. Figure 20 An NMAP Scan (Using ZenMap as the Front End GUI) on our Network Other SIEM tools like Splunk

  15. Remediating Third-Party Software Vulnerabilities on U.S. Army Information Systems (United States)


    15 Tim Ash and Mike Spragg, “NetOps Implementation Update ( CMDB , SMS/MOM, SCTS.),” U.S. Army Network...Update ( CMDB , SMS/MOM, SCTS.),” 12. 6 several enterprise CM tools, including Computer Associates (CA) Unicenter, IBM Tivoli, Altiris, Microsoft SMS...Implementation Update ( CMDB , SMS/MOM, SCTS.),” U.S. Army Network Enterprise Technology Command, August 22, 2007,

  16. 四代火力打击体系的信息化特征%Informationization Characteristics of Four Generations Weapon Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    根据火力打击体系的信息化特征将其分为4代:第一代火力打击体系的信息化特征为“惯性打击”--按发射时初始条件确定的弹道、由惯性保持弹丸/炸弹飞行直至命中目标;第二代火力打击体系的信息化特征为“相对打击”--依靠目标与背景之间信号的对比度产生制导信号控制/修正弹道,使导弹/制导炸弹精确命中目标;第三代火力打击体系的信息化特征为“绝对打击”--依靠目标的地理坐标、用全球卫星定位系统的信息作为控制/修正弹道的信号实现精确打击;第四代火力打击体系的信息化特征为“绝对打击+相对打击+数据链+人在环路”--即依靠目标的地理坐标、用全球卫星定位系统的信息作为控制/修正弹道的信号完成导弹/制导炸弹的中段制导,再利用“相对打击”、双向数据链和“人在环路”实现末制导,不仅能精确命中目标,还具有主动选择打击位置、控制打击程度、评估毁伤效果的能力。%In this paper, weapon systems were divided into four generations according to their informationization characteristics. The first generation weapon system features “Inertial Weapon”, with which the munitions approaches the target following the ballistic trajectory that preset by the launching platform using initial conditions. The second generation weapon system’s informationization characteristic is“Relative Striking”, which utilizes contrast signatures (e.g. radar, laser, wire, visible, or infrared signatures) between the target and the background to produce the signal to guide the precision weapon to aim at the target.“Absolute Striking”is the main attribute of the third generation weapon system. The guided weapon is guided to acquire the target via its geographical coordinate and a GPS signal. The fourth generation weapon system integrates “Absolute Striking” with “Relative Striking”,

  17. 基于Multi-Agent的防空导弹武器系统模型设计%Design of Multi-Agent Based Model on Air Defense Missile Weapon System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宝印; 栾立秋; 张成斌


    建立科学的结构模型是进行防空导弹武器系统仿真的基础和关键环节.针对防空导弹武器系统的特点,提出了基于Multi-Agent的防空导弹武器系统模型建模方法,设计了防空导弹武器系统模型结构.利用Multi-Agent建模技术,把防空导弹武器系统实体映射成相应的Multi-Agent系统,并以Agent的形式对防空导弹武器系统这一客观复杂系统进行了深刻的认识,为防空导弹武器系统建模仿真奠定了基础.%Forming a scientific system model is the key of Air Defense Missile Weapon System simulation. According to the characters of Air Defense Missile Weapon System, a modeling method of multi-agent based model on Air Defense Missile Weapon System is given. The framework on Air Defense Missile Weapon System is designed. Using the Multi-Agent modeling technology, maps the Air Defense Missile Weapon System entity the corresponding Multi-Agent system, and carries on the profound understanding by the Agent form to Air Defense Missile Weapon System this objective complicated, which will be helpful to realize the modeling simulation on Air Defense Missile Weapon System.

  18. The United States Army and the Sergeant Problem: The Army’s Systemic Inability to Produce Enough Sergeants and a Proposal to Fix it (United States)


    armies benefited from the experience of immigrants who had experience in foreign armies, and veterans of the Mexican-American War.20F21 These men...order to fulfill congressional mandates to create a sizable military force in Germany to deter Soviet aggression in Europe . Because of the Korean...improvement of the individual as a whole. This emphasis led to the development of programs within apprenticeships that improved literacy , and gave the

  19. 人工智能技术在武器投放系统中的应用%Application of Artificial Intelligence Technology on Weapon Delivery Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    The application of artificial intelligence on armament adapt to the requirement of warfare which is rapid, accurate and efficient. The system which is combined artificial intelligence technology with weapon system is able to autonomous or semiautonomous accomplish the reconnaissance, searching, identify, aiming and attack missions. The concept research of the intelligent weapon delivery system is presented, the system is designed by using artificial intelligence technology and its function is described. And then, based on the current state of art, the tradeoff research is done between automate weapon delivery and pilot, making using of each merits in order to achieve the optimal performance.%人工智能的军事应用适应了快速、精确、高效的作战需求。人工智能技术与武器系统结合能够自主或半自主完成侦察、搜索、识别、瞄准、攻击目标等任务。本文对智能武器投放系统进行了概念研究,用人工智能技术对系统进行了设计,对系统功能上进行了描述。另外,分析了当前技术水平,对自动武器投放应用和驾驶员之间权衡研究,发挥各自优点,使整体性能达到最优。

  20. Weapons Systems Analysis (United States)


    Defense Review, 10, 43-47 (1977). [429] Brains, S. J., Game Theory and Politics, The Free Press, New York, New York (1975). [430] Bresson , M. M., "Les...Study in Conflict and Cooperation, University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, Michigan (1965). [505] Roberts , D. M. and J. C. Gittins, "The Search For An

  1. An Approach to the Application of Life Cycle Cost Concept in Weapon Systems Acquisition for the Venezuelan Navy. (United States)


    element 303.3. 69 307.3 Training Expendable Stores: The cost of the expendable ordnance, ammunition, pyrotechniques, missiles, ballis- tic weapons...1010 Venezuela S.A. 9. Jefatura de Logistics 4 * Comandancia Gereral de la 1arina Caracas 1010 Venezuela S.A. 10. Jefatura de Educacion 2 * Comandancia...Direccion Presupuesto y Programacion Economica 2 * Comandancia General de la Marina Caracas 1010 Venezuela S.A. 13. Biblioteca Escuela Superior de Guerra

  2. Thermal weapon sights with integrated fire control computers: algorithms and experiences (United States)

    Rothe, Hendrik; Graswald, Markus; Breiter, Rainer


    The HuntIR long range thermal weapon sight of AIM is deployed in various out of area missions since 2004 as a part of the German Future Infantryman system (IdZ). In 2007 AIM fielded RangIR as upgrade with integrated laser Range finder (LRF), digital magnetic compass (DMC) and fire control unit (FCU). RangIR fills the capability gaps of day/night fire control for grenade machine guns (GMG) and the enhanced system of the IdZ. Due to proven expertise and proprietary methods in fire control, fast access to military trials for optimisation loops and similar hardware platforms, AIM and the University of the Federal Armed Forces Hamburg (HSU) decided to team for the development of suitable fire control algorithms. The pronounced ballistic trajectory of the 40mm GMG requires most accurate FCU-solutions specifically for air burst ammunition (ABM) and is most sensitive to faint effects like levelling or firing up/downhill. This weapon was therefore selected to validate the quality of the FCU hard- and software under relevant military conditions. For exterior ballistics the modified point mass model according to STANAG 4355 is used. The differential equations of motions are solved numerically, the two point boundary value problem is solved iteratively. Computing time varies according to the precision needed and is typical in the range from 0.1 - 0.5 seconds. RangIR provided outstanding hit accuracy including ABM fuze timing in various trials of the German Army and allied partners in 2007 and is now ready for series production. This paper deals mainly with the fundamentals of the fire control algorithms and shows how to implement them in combination with any DSP-equipped thermal weapon sights (TWS) in a variety of light supporting weapon systems.

  3. Vulnerability of populations and the urban health care systems to nuclear weapon attack – examples from four American cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dallas Cham E


    Full Text Available Abstract Background The threat posed by the use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD within the United States has grown significantly in recent years, focusing attention on the medical and public health disaster capabilities of the nation in a large scale crisis. While the hundreds of thousands or millions of casualties resulting from a nuclear weapon would, in and of itself, overwhelm our current medical response capabilities, the response dilemma is further exacerbated in that these resources themselves would be significantly at risk. There are many limitations on the resources needed for mass casualty management, such as access to sufficient hospital beds including specialized beds for burn victims, respiration and supportive therapy, pharmaceutical intervention, and mass decontamination. Results The effects of 20 kiloton and 550 kiloton nuclear detonations on high priority target cities are presented for New York City, Chicago, Washington D.C. and Atlanta. Thermal, blast and radiation effects are described, and affected populations are calculated using 2000 block level census data. Weapons of 100 Kts and up are primarily incendiary or radiation weapons, able to cause burns and start fires at distances greater than they can significantly damage buildings, and to poison populations through radiation injuries well downwind in the case of surface detonations. With weapons below 100 Kts, blast effects tend to be stronger than primary thermal effects from surface bursts. From the point of view of medical casualty treatment and administrative response, there is an ominous pattern where these fatalities and casualties geographically fall in relation to the location of hospital and administrative facilities. It is demonstrated that a staggering number of the main hospitals, trauma centers, and other medical assets are likely to be in the fatality plume, rendering them essentially inoperable in a crisis. Conclusion Among the consequences of this

  4. Vulnerability of populations and the urban health care systems to nuclear weapon attack – examples from four American cities (United States)

    Bell, William C; Dallas, Cham E


    Background The threat posed by the use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) within the United States has grown significantly in recent years, focusing attention on the medical and public health disaster capabilities of the nation in a large scale crisis. While the hundreds of thousands or millions of casualties resulting from a nuclear weapon would, in and of itself, overwhelm our current medical response capabilities, the response dilemma is further exacerbated in that these resources themselves would be significantly at risk. There are many limitations on the resources needed for mass casualty management, such as access to sufficient hospital beds including specialized beds for burn victims, respiration and supportive therapy, pharmaceutical intervention, and mass decontamination. Results The effects of 20 kiloton and 550 kiloton nuclear detonations on high priority target cities are presented for New York City, Chicago, Washington D.C. and Atlanta. Thermal, blast and radiation effects are described, and affected populations are calculated using 2000 block level census data. Weapons of 100 Kts and up are primarily incendiary or radiation weapons, able to cause burns and start fires at distances greater than they can significantly damage buildings, and to poison populations through radiation injuries well downwind in the case of surface detonations. With weapons below 100 Kts, blast effects tend to be stronger than primary thermal effects from surface bursts. From the point of view of medical casualty treatment and administrative response, there is an ominous pattern where these fatalities and casualties geographically fall in relation to the location of hospital and administrative facilities. It is demonstrated that a staggering number of the main hospitals, trauma centers, and other medical assets are likely to be in the fatality plume, rendering them essentially inoperable in a crisis. Conclusion Among the consequences of this outcome would be the probable loss

  5. Army Reserve Components: Improvements Needed to Data Quality and Management Procedures to Better Report Soldier Availability (United States)


    medical availability to deploy. All Army Medical Army Training Requirements and Resources System (ATRRS) The management information system of...record for managing soldier training information. All Army Training Total Army Personnel Data Base- Reserve (TAPDB-R) The data system of record for...soldiers. Army National Guard Training, administrative, other Reserve Component Manpower System (RCMS) The data warehouse that provides decision

  6. 印度导弹武器装备体系发展与前景分析%Analysis of Indian Missile Weapon System Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    随着国际安全环境的重大变化,印度加紧了其军事战略的调整和军队建设的步伐,大力发展导弹武器体系建设,对周边国家和地区形成了安全威胁.在分析印度军事战略的基础上,重点阐述印度弹道导弹、巡航导弹、防空导弹和导弹防御系统等武器装备体系的建设情况,并分析了其发展趋势和未来前景.%With the tremendous changes of the international security environment, India promotes the military strategy adjustment and the military construction, and pays great attention to the development of missile weapon system, threatening to the security of neighboring countries and regions. Beginning with the Indian military strategy, this paper describes the Indian weapon system construction in depth, such as the ballistic missile, cruise missile, air defense system and ballistic missile defense system .ete. Finally future development trend and prospect are analyzed.

  7. 舰载弹炮结合近程武器系统技术研究%Study on Shipped Missile-Gun Integrated Defense Weapon System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    现代高性能反舰导弹是舰艇末端防御的最大威胁,而舰载弹炮结合近程武器系统为舰艇的末端防御提供了一种有效的途径。分析了舰载弹炮结合近程武器系统的作战使用和主要特点,针对海上空袭武器的特点,重点研究了增强系统抗饱和攻击能力的设计方法,并探讨了舰载弹炮结合近程武器系统在现代海战中的使用方向。%Modern high-powered antiship missile is the main threaten of ship,and shipped missile-gun integrated defense weapon system is an effective way to the terminal defense of ship. This paper first analyzes the combat operation and main characteristic of missile-gun integrated defense weapon system,then studies the key factor of designing a system. At last the system usage is discussed in the modern sea war.

  8. Electrical Control System Design of Shipboard Box Weapon%舰载箱式无人机电控传送系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱玉川; 夏冉


    在现今的自动控制领域,PLC的应用已十分广泛。首先对舰载箱式无人机的设计进行简要介绍。为实现舰载箱式无人机发射系统传动的高精度、高效率,提出PLC电控传送系统并进行相应设计。通过对液压执行系统硬件结构设计,高精度电液比例控制设计,控制流程设计,PLC选型,控制软件设计等完成了整个电控系统设计过程,在对控制系统程序调试后,控制系统完成了相应的功能需求,达到了设计要求。%In automatic control domain,PLC has been widely used. One design of ship-borne box of unmanned aerial vehicle firstly been introduced briefly. To achieve high precision and high efficiency of carrier box weapon launch system transmission,system choose PLC as the core of the electrical control system. Through the design of electronic control system hardware structure and control software design,it implements the shipboard box -type weapons sent efficiency and precision positioning.

  9. Preliminary Classification of Army and Navy Entry-Level Occupations by the Holland Coding System. (United States)


    96) Realistic =55% Realistic z56% RIS 3 RIS 3 RIE 22 RIE 21 RSE 5 RIC I RSC I RSE 4 RSI I REI I I REI 15 RES 10 RES 15 REC1 REC 2 RCE 3 RCI 1 54 RCS...HOLLAND-CODED ARMY ENTRY-LEVEL OCCUPATIONS PdB-0 dM.Mill UI Holland-Coded Army Entry-Level Occupations 1. Still Photographer RSE 2. Motion Picture...9. Practical Nurse SAI 10. Medical Lab Technician ISA 11. Orthotist RSE 12. Electrocardiograph Technician RCI 13. Optometric Assistant SCI 14

  10. A reassessment of the mating system characteristics of the army ant Eciton burchellii

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kronauer, Daniel Jan Christoph; Berghoff, Stefanie M.; Powell, Scott;


    In a recent study, Denny et al. (2004a) showed that queens of the army ant, Eciton burchellii, mate with multiple males and presented estimates suggesting that they mate with more males than queens of any other ant species so far investigated. They also inferred that data were consistent with que......In a recent study, Denny et al. (2004a) showed that queens of the army ant, Eciton burchellii, mate with multiple males and presented estimates suggesting that they mate with more males than queens of any other ant species so far investigated. They also inferred that data were consistent...

  11. Army Sustainability Report 2010 (United States)


    Iraq continue. The burn pit at Camp Anaconda, like many others, was collecting everything from engines and plastic to medical waste, risking the health...acquisition of weapon systems, are energy-efficient … water-efficient, biobased , environmentally preferable … non-ozone depleting, contain recycled

  12. The Framework of Comprehensive Analysis for the Combat Capability of Weapon System of Systems%武器装备体系作战能力综合分析框架

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵相安; 姜志平; 黄新生


    为了分析武器装备体系的整体作战能力,提出了一种武器装备体系作战能力的综合分析框架,该框架将武器装备体系的作战能力分析划分为3个层次,并针对每个层次分别提出了相应的能力分析方法.首先研究了如何描述和度量单个武器装备的作战能力;其次研究了如何将多个同类型武器装备的作战能力进行折合形成新的作战能力;最后是研究了多个及多种类型武器装备的作战能力如何合成新的作战能力.并进行案例分析,证明了该框架的可用性.%To analyze the capability of the weapon System of Systems, a kind of analyzing framework is provided in the paper. The framework divides the combat capability analysis of the weapon System of Systems into three levels, and to each level, the corresponding capability analysis method is provided. Firstly, how to describe and measure the combat capability of the single weapon is researched. Secondly, how to discount the combat capability of many weapons into new ones is researched. Thirdly, how to compose the combat capability of many and many kinds of weapons into new ones is researched. Lastly, the case that proves the framework's availability is analyzed.

  13. Effectiveness Testing and Evaluation of Non-Lethal Weapons for Crowd Management (United States)


    Weapons”) • Participants were recruited from the general population to participate in an investigation on “ Crowd Movement ” • Fifty-two healthy men...U.S. Army Armament Research, Development, and Engineering Center EFFECTIVENESS TESTING AND EVALUATION OF NON-LETHAL WEAPONS FOR CROWD MANAGEMENT...SUBTITLE EFFECTIVENESS TESTING AND EVALUATION OF NON-LETHAL WEAPONS FOR CROWD MANAGEMENT Presented at the Virtual 82nd Military Operations Research

  14. Global Combat Support System Army Increment 1 (GCSS-A Inc 1) (United States)


    IA - Information Assurance IATO - Interim Authority to Operate ICD - Initial Capability Document IEA - Information Enterprise Architecture IOC...DoD Component Army Responsible Office Program Manager References MAIS Original Estimate April 17 , 2013 Approved APB Defense Acquisition Executive...Analysis Improvement Group (CAIG) on May 17 , 2008. Since MS B, the program has not experienced a Critical Change which would induce the independent

  15. Implementing the System for Health in the US Army Reserves Through the Performance Triad (United States)


    Nutrition. After Officer Basic Course and the Army Dietetic Internship, she served five years in several dietitian positions at Fort Sill , Oklahoma...created considering USAR challenges. 51 With some clarification of the demands, resources and outcomes in terms that speak to reserve units, this

  16. 48 CFR 225.7005 - Restriction on certain chemical weapons antidote. (United States)


    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Restriction on certain chemical weapons antidote. 225.7005 Section 225.7005 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE... on certain chemical weapons antidote....

  17. 某型武器通信系统脆性建模与分析%Brittleness Modeling and Analysis on A Weapon's Communication System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    某型武器通信系统进行脆性建模与分析的目的是找到该通信系统的脆性源,为改进装备维修保障工作提供依据.运用图论建立通信系统脆性模型,对模型进行分层重构.找到通信系统的脆性源,得到分层的系统脆性模型.分析结果表明:在某型武器通信系统中,通信控制机是其脆性源,对完善某型武器通信系统建构、改善通信控制机性能、开展通信控制机操作训练和故障诊断训练等具有很强的指导作用,同时也为建设某型通信控制机故障诊断训练系统提供理论依据.%Brittleness modeling and analysis that was adopted to a weapon's communication system aimed to find the brittle source of the communication system and to provide basis for improve the work of equipment's maintenance. Brittleness model of communication system was constructed by the graph theory, then the model was reconstructed hierarchically. And brittle source of communication system was found, hierarchical system brittle model was got at last. It was demonstrated by the analysis result that communication controller was brittle source of a weapon's communication system. As a result it has stronger directive function to consummate the construction of a weapon's communication system, improve the performance of communication controller, develop the operation training and fault diagnosis training of communication controller, theoretical support was afforded to construct a fault diagnosis training system of communication controller at the same time.

  18. Granular analyzing of weapon SoS demand description

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Qingsong; Yang Kewei; Chen Yingwu; Li Mengjun


    The systematism of weapon combat is the typical characteristic of a modern battlefield. The process of combat is complex and the demand description of weapon system of systems (SOS) is difficult. Granular analyzing is an important method for solving the complex problem in the world. Granular thinking is introduced into the demand description of weapon SoS. Granular computing and granular combination based on a relation of compatibility is proposed. Based on the level of degree and degree of detail, the granular resolution of weapon SoS is defined and an example is illustrated at the end.

  19. Challenging Minimum Deterrence: Articulating the Contemporary Relevance of Nuclear Weapons (United States)


    The Long Shadow: Nuclear Weapons and Security in 21st Century Asia , ed. Muthiah Alagappa (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2008), 135, 148...nuclear weapons to the Asia -Pacific region in response to contingencies.44 All of this is en- abled by a diverse set of weapons and delivery systems...policy today, see Keith B. Payne’s The Great American Gamble: Deterrence Theory and Practice from the Cold War to the Twenty-First Century (Fairfax

  20. The Electronic Delivery of Automated Technical Information for Logistics Support of Navy Weapon Systems: Potential, System Description and Status (United States)


    Charles S. Sawyer. Test and Evaluation of The Navy Technical Information Presentation System (NTIPS), AN/SPA-25D Test Results. DTRC-88-035, September 1988...L. LeBeau; Anne S. Mavor; Theodore J. Post; and Charles S. Sawyer. Test and Evaluation of The Navy Technical Information Presentpl ier System (NTIPS...Karpovich 1 EER Systems 1 NPFC-100 H. Bukowski LCDR F. Harmer 2 EG&G 1 NOSC WASC L. Snodgrass R. Smillie WASCI R. Beckham 1 NOS Indianhead 4 Essex Corp. G

  1. Wounds and weapons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogel, H. [Asklepios Klinik St. Georg, Roentgenabteilung, Lohmuehlenstrasse 5, 20099 Hamburg (Germany)], E-mail:; Dootz, B. [Asklepios Klinik St. Georg, Roentgenabteilung, Lohmuehlenstrasse 5, 20099 Hamburg (Germany)


    Purpose: X-ray findings are described, which are typical for injuries due to conventional weapons. It is intended to demonstrate that radiographs can show findings characteristic for weapons. Material and method: The radiograms have been collected in Vietnam, Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia, Chad, Iran, Afghanistan, USA, Great Britain, France, Israel, Palestine, and Germany. Results: Radiograms of injuries due to hand grenades show their content (globes) and cover fragments. The globes are localized regionally in the victim's body. Survivors of cluster bombs show singular or few globes; having been hit by many globes would have been lethal. Shotguns produce characteristic distributions of the pallets and depth of penetration different from those of hand grenades and cluster bombs; cover fragments are lacking. Gunshot wounds (GSW) can be differentiated in those to low velocity bullets, high velocity projectiles, and projectiles, which disintegrate on impact. The radiogram furnishes the information about a dangerous shock and helps to recognize the weapon. Radiograms of victims of explosion show fragments and injuries due to the blast, information valid for therapy planning and prognosis. The radiogram shows details which can be used in therapy, forensic medicine and in war propaganda - examples could be findings typical for cluster bombs and for dumdum bullets; it shows the cruelty of the employment of weapons against humans and the conflict between the goal of medical care and those of military actions. Conclusion: Radiographs may show, which weapon has been employed; they can be read as war reports.

  2. Research on the Capability Generation of Weapon System-of-Systems Based on Fuzzy Consensus%基于模糊共识的武器装备体系能力生成研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄魏; 梁晓庆; 谭跃进


    武器装备体系能力生成是武器装备体系构建与发展的基础,是专家群体研讨并最终形成武器装备体系能力发展的共识过程,专家意见共识的形成是武器装备体系能力生成的核心环节.为便于专家理解并对各种方案进行比较,采用模糊共识的思想,通过建立专家的模糊偏好矩阵,计算专家意见的一致度,在此基础上获得专家意见的模糊共识度.%The capability generation of weapon system-of-systems is foundation of construct and development of weapon system-of-systems. It is the process of expert group discussion then form consensus of capability development. The forming of expert opinion consensus is the significant segment of capability generation of weapon system-of-systems. In order to facilitate the understanding of experts and to compare various options, adopts the idea of fuzzy consensus, through the establishment of the expert's fuzzy preference matrix, the calculation of the same degree of expert opinion, then acquire fuzzy degree of consensus.

  3. Defense Acquisitions: 2009 is a Critical Juncture for the Army’s Future Combat System (United States)


    In 2008 and 2009, the Army plans o begin funding production of the first of three planned spin outs of FCS echnologies to current forces. However...of service on a mobile ad-hoc network, end-to-end interoperability with strategic networks of the global information grid, and synchronization of FCS...3 current force vehicles—the Abrams tank, the Bradley vehicle, and the High- Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle—and to field unattended ground

  4. Building the Army of the Republic of Vietnam’s Logistical System: Lessons Learned (United States)


    lost in stacks of Vietnam War sources. Colonel Whit Wright, my seminar leader, provided me with constant writing feedback , which after all is gift...Indigenous Forces: American Advisors in Korea, Vietnam, and El Salvador (Fort Leavenworth, KS: Combined Studies Institute, 2006), 34-45; Can Co Vien et...relatively immediate feedback to the US Army and ARVN. The immediacy of these AARs created limited analysis of longer-term implications, but provided

  5. Integrated cockpit design for the Army helicopter improvement program (United States)

    Drennen, T.; Bowen, B.


    The main Army Helicopter Improvement Program (AHIP) mission is to navigate precisely, locate targets accurately, communicate their position to other battlefield elements, and to designate them for laser guided weapons. The onboard navigation and mast-mounted sight (MMS) avionics enable accurate tracking of current aircraft position and subsequent target location. The AHIP crewstation development was based on extensive mission/task analysis, function allocation, total system design, and test and verification. The avionics requirements to meet the mission was limited by the existing aircraft structural and performance characteristics and resultant space, weight, and power restrictions. These limitations and night operations requirement led to the use of night vision goggles. The combination of these requirements and limitations dictated an integrated control/display approach using multifunction displays and controls.

  6. The Optimum Replacement of Weapon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Xiao; ZHANG Jin-chun


    The theory of LCC (Life Cycle Cost) is applied in this paper. The relation between the economic life of weapon and the optimum replacement is analyzed. The method to define the optimum replacement time of weapon is discussed.

  7. Multiple smart weapons employment mechanism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McGlynn, M.P.; Meiklejohn, W.D.


    A digital communications armament network adaptor is described for carrying multiple smart weapons on a single wing pylon station of an aircraft, comprising: an aircraft having a weapons controller configured in compliance with MIL-STD 1553; multiple wing-mounted pylons on said aircraft, each providing a weapons station with communications and ejection and release mechanisms electrically connected to said controller for the airborne launch of smart weapons; a multiple ejector rack affixed to at least one pylon, said rack holding a plurality of smart weapons; and an electronic digital network connected between the controller and said rack-mounted smart weapons, said network located in said rack and including circuitry which receives coded digital communications from said controller and selectively rebroadcasts said communications to one of said smart weapons on said rack designated by said coded communications, thereby controlling all required functions of said designated smart weapon.

  8. Nuclear weapon detection categorization analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    This statement of work is for the Proof of Concept for nuclear weapon categories utility in Arms control. The focus of the project will be to collect, analyze and correlate Intrinsic Radiation (INRAD) calculation results for the purpose of defining measurable signatures that differentiate categories of nuclear weapons. The project will support START III negotiations by identifying categories of nuclear weapons. The categories could be used to clarify sub-limits on the total number of nuclear weapons.

  9. Materiel Acquisition Management of U.S. Army Attack Helicopters (United States)


    incorporated into a mast mounted sight ( MS ). CO The initial OH-58D did not have provisions for a weapon suite. However, with the proliferation of...Briefing, "Apache Multi Stage Improvement Program ( MSIP )," Apache Program Manager’s Office, U.S. Army Aviation Support Command, St Louis, Missouri

  10. Applying a System-of-Systems Engineering Perspective to Current and Future Army Acquisitions (United States)


    Postgraduate School Monterey, CA 93943-5000 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING /MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) N/A 10...TV-2 technical standards forecast UAV unmanned aerial vehicle UEWR Upgraded Early Warning Radar xvi THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK...Defense System is a true SoS because the Air Force’s Upgraded Early Warning Radar (UEWR) combined with a Patriot System provides unique capabilities

  11. Applying Agile MethodstoWeapon/Weapon-Related Software

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adams, D; Armendariz, M; Blackledge, M; Campbell, F; Cloninger, M; Cox, L; Davis, J; Elliott, M; Granger, K; Hans, S; Kuhn, C; Lackner, M; Loo, P; Matthews, S; Morrell, K; Owens, C; Peercy, D; Pope, G; Quirk, R; Schilling, D; Stewart, A; Tran, A; Ward, R; Williamson, M


    This white paper provides information and guidance to the Department of Energy (DOE) sites on Agile software development methods and the impact of their application on weapon/weapon-related software development. The purpose of this white paper is to provide an overview of Agile methods, examine the accepted interpretations/uses/practices of these methodologies, and discuss the applicability of Agile methods with respect to Nuclear Weapons Complex (NWC) Technical Business Practices (TBPs). It also provides recommendations on the application of Agile methods to the development of weapon/weapon-related software.

  12. Design and development of the Army KE ASAT ACS thruster (United States)

    Craddock, Jeff; Janeski, Bruce


    Increasingly ambitious missions for advanced kinetic energy (KE) weapons have necessitated the development of a lightweight storable-propellant attitude control system (ACS) thruster capable of very fast response and long duration firings. This paper summarizes the results of a ACS thruster design and development test effort, performed for the U.S. Army Space and Strategic Defense Command (USASSDC) on the KE Anti Satellite (KE ASAT) weapon system program. Design approaches used to achieve long-duration continuous firing with a composite combustion chamber are detailed. This design effort culminated in a 6.7 lbf. thruster assembly weighing less than 0.2 pounds, approximately one-sixth that of a conventional satellite ACS thruster. Results of tests of flightweight engines with nitrogen tetroxide and monomethyl hydrazine hypergolic propellants are included. The test series culminated in what is believed to be the industry's longest continuous firing of a composite combustion chamber. This thruster will be integrated into the KE ASAT kinetic vehicle for its first free-flight hover test in early FY94. The demonstrated fast response, high pulse performance, and long-duration capabilities of this engine suggest that this thruster can significantly increase the capability of other spacecraft.

  13. Nuclear weapons in Europe

    CERN Document Server

    Calogero, F


    Information speech given by Prof. Calogero from the university of Roma to describe the actual situation of nuclear weapons in Europe, the strategical reasons or justifications for this deployment, the prospects of negociations, and what scientists could do and do on this issue.

  14. Medicalized weapons & modern war. (United States)

    Gross, Michael L


    "Medicalized" weapons--those that rely on advances in neuroscience, physiology, and pharmacology--offer the prospect of reducing casualties and protecting civilians. They could be especially useful in modern asymmetric wars in which conventional states are pitted against guerrilla or insurgent forces. But may physicians and other medical workers participate in their development?

  15. Neutrino Counter Nuclear Weapon

    CERN Document Server

    Tang, Alfred


    Radiations produced by neutrino-antineutrino annihilation at the Z0 pole can be used to heat up the primary stage of a thermonuclear warhead and can in principle detonate the device remotely. Neutrino-antineutrino annihilation can also be used as a tactical assault weapon to target hideouts that are unreachable by conventional means.

  16. Financial Condition of Government Contractors and Control of Production Costs in the Procurement of Major DoD Aircraft Weapon Systems (United States)


    Technology ( FLYTECH )=ASP; 3. Weapons and Avionics System Technology (SYSTECH) =ASP/AP. The SYSTECH measure was derived from the two others and was a rough...PLA7TECH SYSTECH FLYTECH I A-IJ 6.57 0.50837 3.34 2 A- I7EG’H 6.S7 0.s0877 1-.4 A- :AI 1 32.8 0.87645 10.74 4 -4C 6. N !.076: 5.45 5 -464 7.33 i.162S s.S...0001 Variance explained (R’): .5812 Adjusted R’-. .5719 F Value: 62.44 Model Significance: .0001 FLYTECH =-30.943 4 .7063 YEAR 8.386 .0001 Variance

  17. Bayesian Decision Evaluation on Probability Index of Weapon System%武器系统概率指标的贝叶斯决策评定方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾旭山; 金振中


    剖析了武器系统试验工程领域中常用二项分布经典假设检验方法存在的问题,从贝叶斯决策思想和理论出发提出了概率指标评定的新方法,通过实例对比证明了贝叶斯决策评定方法有效解决了二项分布经典假设检验方法中存在的问题.%The problem of classical hypothesis testing for binomial distribution in weapon system test domain is analyzed. A new method of probability evaluating index is provided based on Bayesian decision idea and theory , it is proved that the problem of classical hypothesis testing for binomial distribution can be solved by means of the Bayesian decision evaluation method.

  18. 虚拟现实技术在武器对抗仿真中的应用研究%The Research of Virtual Reality's Application on the Simulation of Weapon Systems' Antagonism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹荣开; 王宏伟; 贺汉根


    Traditional military drill or weapon system's performance evaluation is often accomplished by a sham battle with true weapon systems.With the fast development of virtual reality,virtual sham battle,which integrates virtual reality and weapon systems' simulation,has become possible.Based on the summarization to virtual reality,this paper emphatically discusses virtual reality's application on the simulation of weapon systems'antagonism and a few typical problems in it.At last,a few future development directions are listed.%传统的军事训练或武器系统性能评估通常都采用有真实武器系统的训练或军事演习来进行。随着虚拟现实技术的迅速发展,将它与系统仿真相结合来进行虚拟对抗演练已经成为可能。文中在概述虚拟现实技术的基础上,着重探讨了虚拟现实技术在武器对抗仿真中的应用及其中几个较为典型的问题,并提出了今后的发展方向。

  19. Just Scan It!-Weapon Reconstruction in Computed Tomography on Historical and Current Swiss Military Guns. (United States)

    Franckenberg, Sabine; Binder, Thomas; Bolliger, Stephan; Thali, Michael J; Ross, Steffen G


    Cross-sectional imaging, such as computed tomography, has been increasingly implemented in both historic and recent postmortem forensic investigations. It aids in determining cause and manner of death as well as in correlating injuries to possible weapons. This study illuminates the feasibility of reconstructing guns in computed tomography and gives a distinct overview of historic and recent Swiss Army guns.

  20. 基于ADC方法的复杂武器系统效能评估方法%Research on Effect Valuation to the Complicated Weapon System Based on ADC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晅; 陶禹; 樊丹瑛


    ADC method is one of the important methods to assess the effectiveness of weapon equipment. Traditional ADC methods also simplify individual subsystems of weapon system to the series system. In this paper,the ADC methods is optimizes aimed at the various subsystems composed of numerous,complex series-parallel relationship,varying degree of impact on the operational of complex weapon systems. On this method,ADC approach allows a more objective assessment of multiple parallel systems. The actual verification by a certain type of weaponry ADC improved method reasonably practicable,can have a more objective and comprehensive evaluation of complex weapons systems,can be used as reference to other complex weapon system effectiveness assessment methods.%ADC方法是武器装备效能评估的重要方法之一。传统ADC方法一般将武器系统各个分系统简化为串联系统计算。针对复杂武器系统中各个分系统组成繁多、串并联关系复杂、对作战影响程度不一等特点,对ADC方法进行了优化,使得ADC方法可以针对多并联系统更客观地评估。通过某型武器装备的实际验证,改进后的ADC方法合理可行,可以对复杂武器系统拥有更客观和更全面地评价,可作为其他复杂武器系统效能评估方法的参考。




    Non-lethal weapons, also called less-lethal weapons, less-than lethal weapons, non-deadly weapons, compliance weapons, or pain-inducing weapons are weapons intended to be less likely to kill a living target than conventional weapons. It is often understood that accidental, incidental, and correlative casualties are risked wherever force is applied, but non-lethal weapons try to minimise the risk as much as possible. Non-lethal weapons are used in combat situations to limit the escalation of c...

  2. Predicting U.S. Army suicides after hospitalizations with psychiatric diagnoses in the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) (United States)

    Kessler, Ronald C.; Warner, LTC Christopher H.; Ivany, LTC Christopher; Petukhova, Maria V.; Rose, Sherri; Bromet, Evelyn J.; Brown, LTC Millard; Cai, Tianxi; Colpe, Lisa J.; Cox, Kenneth L.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Gilman, Stephen E.; Gruber, Michael J.; Heeringa, Steven G.; Lewandowski-Romps, Lisa; Li, Junlong; Millikan-Bell, Amy M.; Naifeh, James A.; Nock, Matthew K.; Rosellini, Anthony J.; Sampson, Nancy A.; Schoenbaum, Michael; Stein, Murray B.; Wessely, Simon; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Ursano, Robert J.


    IMPORTANCE The U.S. Army experienced a sharp rise in suicides beginning in 2004. Administrative data show that among those at highest risk are soldiers in the 12 months after inpatient treatment of a psychiatric disorder. OBJECTIVE To develop an actuarial risk algorithm predicting suicide in the 12 months after US Army soldier inpatient treatment of a psychiatric disorder to target expanded post-hospital care. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS There were 53,769 hospitalizations of active duty soldiers in 2004–2009 with ICD-9-CM psychiatric admission diagnoses. Administrative data available prior to hospital discharge abstracted from a wide range of data systems (socio81 demographic, Army career, criminal justice, medical/pharmacy) were used to predict suicides in the subsequent 12 months using machine learning methods (regression trees, penalized regressions) designed to evaluate cross-validated linear, nonlinear, and interactive predictive associations. MAIN OUTCOME Suicides of soldiers hospitalized with psychiatric disorders in the 12 months after hospital discharge. RESULTS 68 soldiers died by suicide within 12 months of hospital discharge (12.0% of all Army suicides), equivalent to 263.9 suicides/100,000 person-years compared to 18.5 suicides/100,000 person-years in the total Army. Strongest predictors included socio-demographics (male, late age of enlistment), criminal offenses (verbal violence, weapons possession), prior suicidality, aspects of prior psychiatric inpatient and outpatient treatment, and disorders diagnosed during the focal hospitalizations. 52.9% of post-hospital suicides occurred after the 5% of hospitalizations with highest predicted suicide risk (3,824.1 suicides/100,000 person years). These highest-risk hospitalizations also accounted for significantly elevated proportions of several other adverse post-hospital outcomes (unintentional injury deaths, suicide attempts, re-hospitalizations). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE The high concentration

  3. Joint Precision Approach and Landing System Nunn-McCurdy Breach Root Cause Analysis and Portfolio Assessment Metrics for DoD Weapons Systems. Volume 8 (United States)


    career , he oversaw Army acquisition during a time of war and change. General Bolton was an admired mentor to many pilots and military acquisition...civil standard for precision approach and land- ing. The FAA was indecisive regarding the future of ILS because it changed the ILS drawdown multiple

  4. Bioterrorism: pathogens as weapons. (United States)

    Anderson, Peter D; Bokor, Gyula


    Biowarfare has been used for centuries. The use of biological weapons in terrorism remains a threat. Biological weapons include infectious agents (pathogens) and toxins. The most devastating bioterrorism scenario would be the airborne dispersal of pathogens over a concentrated population area. Characteristics that make a specific pathogen a high-risk for bioterrorism include a low infective dose, ability to be aerosolized, high contagiousness, and survival in a variety of environmental conditions. The most dangerous potential bioterrorism agents include the microorganisms that produce anthrax, plague, tularemia, and smallpox. Other diseases of interest to bioterrorism include brucellosis, glanders, melioidosis, Q fever, and viral encephalitis. Food safety and water safety threats are another area of concern.

  5. A comparative analysis of the resources required for test and evaluation on Army-led weapon system programs, based upon program size and acquisition management complexity


    Johnson, Arne A.; Philistine, John J.


    Joint Applied Project Test and Evaluation (TandE) is an integral part of every acquisition program, as such, it consumes considerable program resources. The Department of Defense (DoD) TandE program management requirements are written to meet the risk reduction needs of large acquisition programs, but do not provide the details needed to consistently scale TandE management efforts for smaller programs across DoD. This research study investigates ways that the TandE burden to programs d...

  6. Estimating the Manpower, Personnel, and Training Requirements of the Army’s Corps Support Weapon System Using the HARDMAN Methodology. Appendices (United States)


    explanation of the MOS seleccion criteria. C2.2 SUMMARY OF MOS ASSIGNMENTS BY EQUIPM-N-i Table C2-2 contains all of the MOS required for the CSWS... person trained in one MDS in the space of a different MOS. * M-uch less opportunity than today for on-the-job training; much more need for school

  7. Lead exposures and biological responses in military weapons systems: Aerosol characteristics and acute lead effects among US Army artillerymen: Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhattacharyya, M.H.; Stebbings, J.H.; Peterson, D.P.; Johnson, S.A.; Kumar, R.; Goun, B.D.; Janssen, I.; Trier, J.E.


    This study was to determine the concentration and chemical nature of lead (Pb) aerosols produced during the firing of artillery and to determine the exposures and biological responses of crew members exposed to lead aerosols during such firing. The concentrations of lead-containing aerosols at crew positions depended on wind conditions, with higher concentrations when firing into a head wind. Aerosol concentrations were highest in the muzzle blast zone. Concentrations of lead in the blood of crew members rose during the first 12 days of exposure to elevated airborne lead concentrations and then leveled off. There was no rapid decrease in blood lead concentrations after completion of firing. Small decreases in hematocrit and small increases in free erythrocyte porphyrin were correlated with increasing exposure to airborne lead. These changes were reversed by seven weeks after firing. Changes in nerve conduction velocity had borderline statistical significance to airborne lead exposure. In measuring nerve conduction velocity, differences in skin temperature must be taken into account.

  8. Illegal Weapons Exports?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    Amnesty International, a human rights organization, released a report on June 11 accusing China of facilitating regional conflicts and human rights violations by exporting a large quantity of weapons to Sudan, Nepal, Myanmar and the Great Lakes countries of Africa. Responding to such charges, Teng Jianqun, a researcher with the China Arms Control and Disarmament Association, told the official Xinhua News Agency that China has always put its limited arms exports under strict control and surveillance, deno...

  9. Counterproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (United States)


    an occurrence. In his book, Atomic Tragedy, Sean Malloy writes that Henry Stimson, the United States Secretary of War, warned in April, 1945 that...Ibid., 380. 41 Ibid. 42 Sean L. Malloy , Atomic Tragedy: Henry L. Stimson and the Decision to use the Bomb Against Japan (Ithaca, New York...Weapons of Mass Destruction in the Middle East, 96-97. 45 Robert M. Gates, National Defense Strategy (Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FODOR Cosmin


    Full Text Available In this paper we intend to present the new power which is given to Russia upon EU due to her great natural resources and due to her control upon pipelines. Now Moscow can exert influence upon countries in Europe not through its revolutionary zeal and its tanks and army, but through its resources. And she knows how to use them and how make the EU dependent on her will: this is a new geopolitics, a 21-th century geopolitics, which is centered upon the control of gas pipelines in Central Asian states and upon EU states great dependence on Russian pipeline system.

  11. The Regulation of the Possession of Weapons at Gatherings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pieter du Toit


    Full Text Available The Dangerous Weapons Act 15 of 2013 provides for certain prohibitions and restrictions in respect of the possession of a dangerous weapon and it repeals the Dangerous Weapons Act 71 of 1968 as well as the different Dangerous Weapons Acts in operation in the erstwhile TBVC States. The Act also amends the Regulation of Gatherings Act 205 of 1993 to prohibit the possession of any dangerous weapon at a gathering or demonstration. The Dangerous Weapons Act provides for a uniform system of law governing the use of dangerous weapons for the whole of South Africa and it furthermore no longer places the onus on the individual charged with the offence of the possession of a dangerous weapon to show that he or she did not have any intention of using the firearm for an unlawful purpose. The Act also defines the meaning of a dangerous weapon. According to our court’s interpretation of the Dangerous Weapons Act 71 of 1968 a dangerous weapon was regarded as an object used or intended to be used as a weapon even if it had not been designed for use as a weapon. The Act, however, requires the object to be capable of causing death or inflicting serious bodily harm if it were used for an unlawful purpose. The possession of a dangerous weapon, in circumstances which may raise a reasonable suspicion that the person intends to use it for an unlawful purpose, attracts criminal liability. The Act also provides a useful set of guidelines to assist courts to determine if a person charged with the offence of the possession of a dangerous weapon had indeed intended to use the weapon for an unlawful purpose. It seems, however, that the Act prohibits the possession of a dangerous weapon at gatherings, even if the person carrying the weapon does not intend to use it for an unlawful purpose. The state will, however, have to prove that the accused had the necessary control over the object and the intention to exercise such control, as well as that the object is capable of

  12. Prejudice & policy: racial discrimination in the Union Army disability pension system, 1865-1906. (United States)

    Wilson, Sven E


    The Union Army disability pension was an early experiment in colorblind social policy. However, it shortchanged Blacks in 2 ways. First, the law was unable to account for the challenges Blacks faced in proving their eligibility because of the legacy of slavery and discrimination against Black troops during the Civil War. Second, the increasing leniency accorded White soldiers by the Pension Bureau was not extended in the same measure to Blacks. Active discrimination against Blacks resulted in part from local discretion, evidenced by the significantly lower approval rates for both White and Black veterans in the South. Furthermore, when Whites and Blacks claimed disabilities that were easily verifiable, outcomes were similar, but when verification required a degree of trust, Blacks fared considerably worse than Whites.

  13. Army Communicator. Volume 32, Number 2, Spring 2007 (United States)


    Engineering requires skilled leaders LTC Tony Roper 14 Update Telecommunications Systems Engineering Course MAJ Mark Thomson 16 The Paradigm shift in 200 locations. Each TLA stack includes, at a minimum, an Army Security Router and an Intrusion Detection System or Intrusion Protection System...Security Center APC – Area Processing Center ARNET – Army Reserve Network ARSTRAT – Army Strategic Com- mand ASR – Army Security Router CIF – Central Issue

  14. Army Airships (United States)


    contains some type of internal support structure such as a keel. A rigid airship has a full skeleton, such as the Zeppelin model from the mid 1900‟s...the World War One, the Germans used zeppelins with limited success to attack the United Kingdom (UK) in a “strategic bomber” role. The US used...similar objectives.21 The Army initiated CPR‟s on every acquisition program to identify redundancies and create efficiencies. CPR‟s have led to more

  15. Army Equipment Modernization Plan (United States)


    Intrusion System (BAIS) (14.6 percent of the Army Acquisition Objective (AAO) of 8,933). Provides early seismic /acoustic warning, intrusion detection...The advanced affordable Turbine engine (aaTe), S&T Program developed and demon- strated two new helicopter turbine engines that provide significant...improvements in engine power and operating efficiencies. In FY12, the program transitioned to the Army’s Improved Turbine Engine Program (ITEP) to

  16. 1998 Army Modernization Plan (United States)


    Biological (CB) Protective Duty Uniform (STO) • Biometrics (SRO) • Nanoscience (SRO) • Millimeter Wave Material and Dissemination Technology... Biometrics and Nanoscience SROs will enable the development of advanced NBC detection and characterization systems, including the exploitation of biologically...Requirements Trailers • Procure HEMAT Trailers Figure K-23 K-19 //;<?. U.S. Army 1997Modernization Plan This final fleet assessment, made against the

  17. 32 CFR 234.10 - Weapons. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Weapons. 234.10 Section 234.10 National Defense... PENTAGON RESERVATION § 234.10 Weapons. (a) Except as otherwise authorized under this section, the following are prohibited: (1) Possessing a weapon. (2) Carrying a weapon. (3) Using a weapon. (b) This...

  18. Army Modernization Strategy 2008 (United States)


    hazard. The SUGV modular design allows multiple payloads to be integrated in a plug-and- play fashion . Weighing less than 30 pounds, it is capable...the Army will: Continue to field LMP (to include Army Installations) Plan for and field GCSS-Army (F/T) Plan for and field GCSS-Army ( PLM +) Define

  19. Handheld ultrasound concealed weapons detector (United States)

    Felber, Franklin S.; Wild, Norbert C.; Nunan, Scott C.; Breuner, Dennis; Doft, Frank


    A handheld, battery-operated prototype of a remove concealed weapons detector has been built and tested. The concealed weapons detector will enable law enforcement and security officers to detect metallic and nonmetallic weapons concealed beneath clothing remotely from beyond arm's length to about 20 feet. These detectors may be used to: (1) allow hands-off, stand-off frisking of suspects for metallic and nonmetallic weapons; and (2) search for metallic and nonmetallic weapons on cooperative subjects at courthouse entrances and other monitored security portals. We have demonstrated that we image weapons concealed under heavy clothing, not just detect them, at ranges up to 15 feet using the same ultrasound frequency (40 kHz) used by commercial rangefinders. The concealed weapons detector operates much as a rangefinder, but at higher peak fluxes and pulse repetition frequencies. The detector alerts the user to concealed weapons audibly and visibly by detecting ultrasound glints above a body/clothing baseline, and by compensating for changing range and attenuation. The detector locates concealed weapons within a 6-inch illuminated spot at 10 feet. The signal processor eliminates any signal from behind the target.

  20. Weapons Neutron Research Facility (WNR) (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Weapons Neutron Research Facility (WNR) provides neutron and proton beams for basic, applied, and defense-related research. Neutron beams with energies ranging...

  1. Tool, weapon, or white elephant? A realist analysis of the five phases of a twenty-year programme of occupational health information system implementation in the health sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spiegel Jerry M


    outcomes of interest to all parties. Issues specific to IS development, including technological support and software licensing models, can also affect outcome and sustainability – especially in the North–south context. Careful attention must be given to power relations between the various stakeholders at macro, meso and micro levels when implementing IS. North–South-South collaborations should be encouraged. Governance as well as technological issues are crucial determinants of IS application, and ultimately whether the system is seen as a tool, weapon, or white elephant by the various involved parties. "You may call me a fool, But was there a rule The weapon should be turned into a tool? And what do we see? The first tool I step on Turned into a weapon. - Robert Frost" "White (albino elephants were regarded as holy in ancient times in Thailand and other Asian countries. Keeping a white elephant was a very expensive undertaking, since the owner had to provide the elephant with special food and provide access for people who wanted to worship it. If a Thai King became dissatisfied with a subordinate, he would give him a white elephant. The gift would, in most cases, ruin the recipient. - The Phrase Finder"

  2. Development and Application of Computational/In Vitro Toxicological Methods for Chemical Hazard Risk Reduction of New Materials for Advanced Weapon Systems (United States)

    Frazier, John M.; Mattie, D. R.; Hussain, Saber; Pachter, Ruth; Boatz, Jerry; Hawkins, T. W.


    The development of quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) is essential for reducing the chemical hazards of new weapon systems. The current collaboration between HEST (toxicology research and testing), MLPJ (computational chemistry) and PRS (computational chemistry, new propellant synthesis) is focusing R&D efforts on basic research goals that will rapidly transition to useful products for propellant development. Computational methods are being investigated that will assist in forecasting cellular toxicological end-points. Models developed from these chemical structure-toxicity relationships are useful for the prediction of the toxicological endpoints of new related compounds. Research is focusing on the evaluation tools to be used for the discovery of such relationships and the development of models of the mechanisms of action. Combinations of computational chemistry techniques, in vitro toxicity methods, and statistical correlations, will be employed to develop and explore potential predictive relationships; results for series of molecular systems that demonstrate the viability of this approach are reported. A number of hydrazine salts have been synthesized for evaluation. Computational chemistry methods are being used to elucidate the mechanism of action of these salts. Toxicity endpoints such as viability (LDH) and changes in enzyme activity (glutahoione peroxidase and catalase) are being experimentally measured as indicators of cellular damage. Extrapolation from computational/in vitro studies to human toxicity, is the ultimate goal. The product of this program will be a predictive tool to assist in the development of new, less toxic propellants.

  3. Application of the ETOM framework for defining processes in the telecommunication systems management network of the Serbian Army

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir B. Suša


    resources management. Planning and development of a TMN includes development and services management processes, as well as development and resources management processes (applications and network elements. Managed telecommunication networks in the Serbian Army The managed telecommunication  system which is currently in use in the Serbian Army can be divided, considering the purpose of each element, into the following: commutation subsystem, WAN and access subsystem, radio subsystem, infrastructural subsystem (power supply, etc. and TMN subsystem. These elements represent independent managed subsystems which are controlled and overviewed by various applications. Within the Serbian Army structural organization, there has been a need for centralized management which would optimize heterogeneous TMN and administrator management functions. To achieve this, necessary TMN functions and services have to be defined. This process starts with the TMN functions and services defined for each of the subsystems. TMN end-to-end processes defining Considering TMN functions and services (ITU-T M.3050, several factors with a considerable influence on TMN functioning can be mentioned. These are the variety of installed telecommunication devices, the diversity of TMN applications, the amount of customer demands for configuration modification (new customers, new connections, new services, etc. and the quantity of system errors which demand the administrator reaction (different weight alarms  coming from the system. Each subsystem produced by a different manufacturer requires the interconnection access points between the TMN and the network equipment as well as a special group of administrators that manage that entity. Therefore, the division of the TMN functions has to depend on the characteristics of equipment to be managed. The nature of military telecommunication networks is to have a vast amount of demands for system configuration changing. The mobile component of the network is quite a

  4. Analysis of Rocket Weapon System Decision Based on Virtual Simulation%基于虚拟仿真的火箭武器系统决策分析法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付昆; 于存贵


    In view of the defects in classical expert system exist that the lack of dynamic prediction function and principium illumination problem, an improved frame work of multiple rocket weapon expert system based on virtual simulation model is proposed. By building the virtual simulation model, and multiple rocket launch weapon system performance without servo system control, process control and intermittent control three control mode of the simulation analysis, and taking an example calculation. The results show that the model is feasible and effective, can provide an efficient and intuitionistic new way for solve the weapon system analysis.%针对传统武器专家系统缺少动态预测功能和机理性解释的问题,提出基于虚拟样机仿真的多管火箭武器专家系统集成框架,建立仿真模型,对多管火箭武器发射系统性能进行没有伺服系统控制、全过程控制和间断性控制3种控制方式的仿真分析,并通过实例进行演算.结果表明:该模型是可行、有效的,可为解决武器系统分析提供一种有效、直观的新途径.

  5. Comparison of Army Hand and Arm Signals to a Covert Tactile Communication System in a Dynamic Environment (United States)


    Start Point (A) Pipe Crawl (B) Zig Zag (C) 2 Ft Jump (D) Hill(E) Fox Hole (F) Low Crawl (G) Combat Roll (H) High Crawl (I) Kneeling Position (J...TX 78759-5316 1 DIRECTOR US ARMY RESEARCH LAB IMNE ALC IMS 2800 POWDER MILL RD ADELPHI MD 20783-1197 1 DIRECTOR US ARMY RESEARCH...LAB AMSRD ARL CI OK TL 2800 POWDER MILL RD ADELPHI MD 20783-1197 2 DIRECTOR US ARMY RESEARCH LAB AMSRD ARL CS OK T 2800 POWDER

  6. 航空武器系统通用数据管理平台的设计与实现%Design and Implementation of the General Data Management Platform for Weapon System of Aircraft

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡宇; 周德云; 汪凌霄


    针对传统航空武器电子系统设计中存在的数据管理混乱和低效问题,提出了一种基于数据库的管理平台对整个设备与接口控制信息进行管理的方案。基于三层开放式结构,建立了以SQL Server为数据库引擎,结合XML进行数据管理的模型,实现了对数据存储、数据操作以及终端管理的功能,形成了拥有丰富接口的开放式武器系统辅助设计平台。该平台具有友好的人机界面和良好的可扩展性,并在作战飞机航空武器仿真系统中得到应用。%Aimed at the management chaos and ineffectiveness in traditional designing for weapon system of aircraft, gave a solution based on database technologies to manage the equipments and interface data during the weapon system designing. Based on the open structure with three layers, founded a model using SQL Server as the database engine and XML as the storage tool. Implemented the platform with the functions of data storage, data operation and terminal management, which also have open and abundant interface for developers of weapon system and its simulation system. The practice shows that this platform can improve the efficiency of the development in weapon system of aircraft, and effectively avoid mistakes.

  7. Nuclear Weapon Testing Limitations and International Security (United States)

    Corden, Pierce S.


    For over 50 years stopping nuclear weapon tests has been sought to support achieving international security without nuclear weapons. Testing is the critical path beyond primitive fission devices, e.g. to develop thermonuclear weapons, reduce weight and volume and increase yield. The 1958 Geneva Conference of Experts considered ways to verify a test ban. With then-limitations on seismology, and lack of in-country monitoring and on-site inspections, the 1963 Limited Test Ban Treaty prohibits testing only in the atmosphere, outer space and under water, and is verified by National Technical Means. The US and USSR agreed to a limit of 150 kilotons on underground explosions in the 1970s-80s. The 1996 Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty bans all nuclear explosions. Its International Monitoring System - seismic, hydroacoustic, infrasound and radionuclide sensors - is being used, and has easily detected testing by the DPRK. On-site inspections will be available under an in-force Treaty. A 2012 National Academy report concludes that cheating attempts would not undermine U.S. security, and the program for monitoring and extending the life of US weapons has succeeded since US testing ceased in 1992.

  8. Weapons barrel life cycle determination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nebojša Pene Hristov


    Full Text Available This article describes the dynamic processes within the gun barrel during the firing process in exploitation. It generally defines the basic principles of constructing tube elements, and shows the distortion of the basic geometry of the tube interior due to wear as well as the impact it causes during exploitation. The article also defines basic empirical models as well as a model based on fracture mechanics for the calculation of a use-life of the barrel, and other elements essential for the safe use of the barrel as the basic weapon element. Erosion causes are analysed in order to control and reduce wear and prolong the lifetime of the gun barrel. It gives directions for the reparation of barrels with wasted resources. In conclusion, the most influential elements of tube wear are given as well as possible modifications of existing systems, primarily propellant charges, with a purpose of prolonging lifetime of gun barrels. The guidelines for a proper determination of the lifetime based on the barrel condition assessment are given as well. INTRODUCTION The barrel as the basic element of each weapon is described as well as the processes occurring during the firing that have impulsive character and are accompanied by large amounts of energy. The basic elements of barrel and itheir constructive characteristics are descibed. The relation between Internal ballistics, ie calculation of the propellant gas pressure in the firing process, and structural elements defined by the barrel material resistance is shown. In general, this part of the study explains the methodology of the gun barrel structural elements calculation, ie. barrel geometry, taking into account the degrees of safety in accordance with Military Standards.   TUBE WEAR AND DEFORMATIONS The weapon barrel gradually wears out during exploitation due to which it no longer satisfies the set requirements. It is considered that the barrel has experienced a lifetime when it fails to fulfill the

  9. Naval Weapons Station Earle Reassessment (United States)


    surveys for their Section 110 compliance: Architectural Resources Survey, Naval Weapons Station Earle, Monmouth County, New Jersey (Louis Berger 1999...text within brackets. Berger Report 1999 Architectural Resources Survey, Naval Weapons Station Earle, Monmouth County, New Jersey (Louis Berger... architectural treatment of buildings at NWS Earle: a traditional vernacular theme with minimal decorative detailing. This so-called minimal traditional

  10. Army’s Management of Gray Eagle Spare Parts Needs Improvement (REDACTED) (United States)


    for Acquisition and Systems Management , Assistant Secretary of the Army (Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology ), responding for the Project Manager ...Secretary of the Army (Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology ), responding for the Project Manager , Unmanned Aircraft System, and comments from the Deputy... Management Comments Assistant Secretary of the Army (Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology )______________ 40 Army Materiel Command

  11. Nuclear weapon reliability evaluation methodology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wright, D.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)


    This document provides an overview of those activities that are normally performed by Sandia National Laboratories to provide nuclear weapon reliability evaluations for the Department of Energy. These reliability evaluations are first provided as a prediction of the attainable stockpile reliability of a proposed weapon design. Stockpile reliability assessments are provided for each weapon type as the weapon is fielded and are continuously updated throughout the weapon stockpile life. The reliability predictions and assessments depend heavily on data from both laboratory simulation and actual flight tests. An important part of the methodology are the opportunities for review that occur throughout the entire process that assure a consistent approach and appropriate use of the data for reliability evaluation purposes.

  12. Design Skills and Prototyping for Defense Systems (United States)


    Abrams tank. New variants are being ordered to maintain the single production plant in Lima , Ohio, even though the Army has sufficient quantities to...References Arena, M. V., Leonard, R. S., Murray, S. E., & Younossi, O. (2006). Historical cost growth of completed weapon system programs. Santa Monica, CA...development (R- 4161-ACQ). Santa Monica, CA: RAND. Drezner, J. A., & Huang, M. (2009). On prototyping: Lessons from RAND research. Santa Monica

  13. [The organization of surgical care in Russian army during 1812 Great Patriotic War]. (United States)

    Gliantsev, S P


    The article considers the characteristics of surgical care to warriors of Russian army during 1812 Great Patriotic War. Such conditions are analyzed as damaging action of French weapons, types of combat wounds, organization and forces of military sanitary service of Russian troops, surgeons' support with means of supplying surgical care to the wounded and arsenal of surgical aids. On the basis of given materials analysis a preliminary conclusion is made that surgical care in Russian army in 1812 not only was on the sufficiently high level but it played a specified role in the victory of Russian weapon.

  14. U.S. Army Corrosion Office's storage and quality requirements for military MEMS program (United States)

    Zunino, J. L., III; Skelton, D. R.


    As the Army transforms into a more lethal, lighter and agile force, the technologies that support these systems must decrease in size while increasing in intelligence. Micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) are one such technology that the Army and DOD will rely on heavily to accomplish these objectives. Conditions for utilization of MEMS by the military are unique. Operational and storage environments for the military are significantly different than those found in the commercial sector. Issues unique to the military include; high G-forces during gun launch, extreme temperature and humidity ranges, extended periods of inactivity (20 years plus) and interaction with explosives and propellants. The military operational environments in which MEMS will be stored or required to function are extreme and far surpass any commercial operating conditions. Security and encryption are a must for all MEMS communication, tracking, or data reporting devices employed by the military. Current and future military applications of MEMS devices include safety and arming devices, fuzing devices, various guidance systems, sensors/detectors, inertial measurement units, tracking devices, radio frequency devices, wireless Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs) and network systems, GPS's, radar systems, mobile base systems and information technology. MEMS embedded into these weapons systems will provide the military with new levels of speed, awareness, lethality, and information dissemination. The system capabilities enhanced by MEMS will translate directly into tactical and strategic military advantages.

  15. Embedded battle command: a vehicle systems integrator's prospective (United States)

    Frey, Terry L.; Wyrembelski, Rick J.


    This paper provides an overview of a major weapon system, the Abrams Main Battle Tank, as it relates to the integration of EMbedded Battle Command and Control element is essential to the tanks future role in the Army as they focus more on increased organizational effectiveness and less on individual platforms. The Abrams is poised to field the Abrams System Enhancement Package with its 2nd generation of Command and Control.

  16. Modeling and Calculation for Influence of Spot Jamming on Antiaircraft Gun Weapon System's Firing Efficiency%瞄准式干扰对高炮射击效能影响的计算分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉琳; 蒋里强; 高建军; 陈敏雅


    针对瞄准式干扰对某型高炮射击效能的影响,从炮瞄雷达的基本工作原理入手,根据电子干扰行动的基本规律,就自卫瞄准式干扰对某型高炮射击效能的影响进行数学建模与定量计算分析;研究方法及结论对定量计算电子干扰高炮武器系统射击效能的影响具有借鉴意义.%Aiming at influence of spot jamming on antiaircraft gun weapon system's firing efficiency,from the keystone of radar confront,based on the essence rule of electronic jamming action, is calculated and analyazed influence to a certain type of antiaircraft gun weapon system's firing efficiency for spot jamming. The paper offers a calculated method for spot jamming which has a influence on antiaircraft gun weapon system,the method and conclusion have a very important meaning for having a quantitative calculation to electronic jamming .

  17. Analysis of Fire Effectiveness Based on High-rate-firing Naval Gun Weapon System%基于高射频舰炮武器系统的射击效力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡小利; 王炳


    In the face of the improved missile penetration ability and its speed, the author proposes to increase the gun firing rate based on the existing high⁃rate⁃firing of naval gun weapon system for an effective way, with the grim situation of sea bat⁃tlefield as a background. And this paper analyzes the Shooting effectiveness of different firing rate naval gun weapon system through the establishment of the mathematics module for damage probability. There is an important guiding significance on the development of high⁃rate⁃firing automatic gun weapon system.%以严峻的海上战场形势为背景,面对飞行速度和突防能力不断加强的反舰导弹,在现有高射频舰炮武器系统基础上,提出以增加舰炮射速为途径的改进方式,并建立对空碰炸射击毁伤模型,对不同射频的舰炮武器系统进行射击效力分析,对高射频自动炮武器系统的研制有重要指导意义。

  18. 基于马尔可夫过程的武器系统相关失效分析%Analysis of Weapon Systems Subject to Correlative Cause Failures Based on Markov Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张振友; 郭强; 黄立坡; 杨岐子


    利用马尔可夫过程分别对共因失效和载荷共事失效两种相关失效的系统平均失效时间进行了建模分析.针对同时出现两种相关失效的武器系统进行了实例分析,并将结果和不考虑相关失效时的计算结果进行了对比,对相关失效分析在可靠性分析和评价中的重要作用进行了阐述.%The mean time to failure of weapon systems subject to common cause failures and load share cause failures is analyzed based on Markov process, the weapon systems in which common cause failures and load share? cause failures at the same time is analyzed. The result is compared with that without considering correlative cause failures. The results show that the Analysis of Weapon systems subject to correlative cause failures is very important.

  19. 基于技术检测的装甲装备武器系统执行任务能力评估%Ability to Implement the Mandate Assessment of Armored Equipment Weapons System Based on Technical Detection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张辽宁; 屈洋; 张政; 邢旺


    Technology state affects the ability to implement the mandate of armored equipment weapons system greatly, yet there are few studies on its evaluation. Aimed at the problem, the paper put forward a method of evaluating the ability to implement the mandate of armored equipment based on the technical detection of equipment, and a case evaluation and analysis of a certain armored equipment weapon system is carried out. The method is operable and can provide data reference for the development of technical detection equipment and technology of armored equipment weapons system.%技术状态对装甲装备武器系统的执行任务能力有着重要影响,目前对其评估的研究还很少。针对这一问题,提出一种利用技术检测对装甲装备武器系统执行任务能力进行评估的方法,并结合某装甲装备武器系统进行了实例分析。分析结果表明:该方法具有可操作性,能够为装甲装备武器系统检测设备和技术的发展提供数据参考。

  20. Army Industrial, Landscaping, and Agricultural Water Use

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McMordie Stoughton, Kate; Loper, Susan A.; Boyd, Brian K.


    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted a task for the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army to quantify the Army’s ILA water use and to help improve the data quality and installation water reporting in the Army Energy and Water Reporting System.

  1. Army industrial, landscaping, and agricultural water use

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stoughton, Kate McMordie [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Loper, Susan A. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Boyd, Brian K. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)


    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted a task for the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army to quantify the Army’s ILA water use and to help improve the data quality and installation water reporting in the Army Energy and Water Reporting System.

  2. Case study of the development of the Target Acquisition Designation/Pilot Night Vision System



    Approved for public release; distribution in unlimited. This thesis is a case study of the extent to which a series of factors influenced development of the U.S. Army Target Acquisition Designation System/Pilot Night Vision System (TADS/PNVS). This study is one of a series being prepared under an ongoing research effort sponsored by Headquarters U.S. Army Material Command (AMC). These studies will look at various weapon systems that participated in Operation Desert Storm (ODS) and will stu...

  3. 军交运输指挥自动化系统建设探析%C3I System on Traffic and Transportation of the Army

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍利平; 周立山; 王军


    This paper discusses functions and structures of theCommand,Control,Communication and Intelligence(C3I)system on traffic and transportation of the army,and analyses its construction object and main tasks.It provides a macroscopical direction for the C3I system on traffic and transportation of the PLA army.%讨论了军交运输指挥自动化系统总体功能和结构,并详细分析了该系统的建设目标和主要任务,为我军部队军交运输指挥自动化建设提出了一个宏观的发展方向。

  4. Korean War Logistics Eighth United States Army (United States)


    from defensive to offensive, as CINCUNC directed it to attack north to Pyongyang, capital city of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (OPRK), North...weapons to kill the tanks. General Eberle, G-4, FEC, described the urgent need for Bazookas in Korea . ... the Russians provided the North Koreans with T...8217,- ’S~ I6 0 iI. RONIOJ3A2DS PO.;S KOREA APR t gN -I S * ~z T- -:*J *1* Porto3~, r -. r 4< ,Ž . BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Appleman, Roy E. US Army in the Korean War

  5. Primena SWOT analize na sistem integralnog transporta Vojske Srbije / SWOT analysis of the intermodal transportation system in the Army of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragan S. Pamučar


    Full Text Available U radu je prikazana primena SWOT analize na sistem integralnog transporta Vojske Srbije. Kao rezultat analize predstavljeni su ciljevi daljeg usavršavanja integralnog transporta, kao i mogući problemi generisani strateškim upravljanjem. / This work presents the SWOT analysis application to the intermodal transportation system in the Army of Serbia. The analysis resulted in defining goals for the future development of intermodal transportation, as well as possible problems generated by strategic management.

  6. The US Army and the New National Security Strategy (United States)


    for Strategic Plans and Policy on the Joint Staff Maj. Gen. Charles F. "Chuck" Wald , USAF, presented a briefing in the Pentagon entitled "Operation...of a decade. But if you can change that 10 percent, you can, in fact, change the capability of the entire force" ( Wolfowitz , 2002). 288 The U.S. Army...Four Weapons Programs," Inside theArmy, October 14, 2002. Wolfowitz , Paul, Deputy Secretary of Defense, remarks delivered to the Ameri- can Institute of

  7. Army Energy Plan. (United States)


    ultimate goal. Additionally, electric vehicles, scooters , and bicycles are being widely used for on-post courier, patrol and maintenance operations. Table 4...characteristics. b. Suspension systems. The Army has a new suspension system under develop- ment called the Loopwheel. This new experimental suspension will...200 200 COMPOSITE STRUCTURAL VEH COMPS AMM 2 6.2 AH84 100 0 0 LIGHTWEIGHT SUSPENSION COMPS AMM 0 6.2 AH84 300 350 250 SAMARIUM-COBALT GEN TECH HOL 3 6.2

  8. Issues With Access to Acquisition Data and Information in the Department of Defense: Doing Data Right in Weapon System Acquisition (United States)


    PDF files, e-mail messages, blogs, Web pages and social sites” (“Structured Data,” n.d.-b). 3 According to the PC Magazine Online Encyclopedia, a...have found that balancing security and access needs is difficult. Background and Findings on Deep Dives of Acquisition Information Systems As part...of this effort to understand acquisition data opportunities,4 we conducted “ deep dives” on a set of information systems. In this section, we summarize

  9. On Contending with Unruly Neighbors in the Global Village: Viewing Information Systems as Both Weapon and Target (United States)


    such things as B2C or B2B commerce, or even indirectly, military systems [cf. Verton, 2003], so such systems are targets. Accordingly, al Qaeda the Internet [Barabasi, 2002; cf. Zanini and Edwards, 2001]. Open standards and protocols such as TCP/IP, HTML, XML and various file format...infrastructure provided by the Internet augments their capabilities and reach. We see innovative uses of information and communication technology often

  10. Weapon of the Weak?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Amber, Van der Graaf; Otjes, Simon; Rasmussen, Anne


    Social media have the potential to offset existing inequalities in representation among interest groups and act as a ‘weapon of the weak’ by providing a technological infrastructure that allows even groups with limited resources to create content and interact across the globe. We expand...... on the sparse existing literature on interest groups and social media in a quantitative, structural analysis of both the range and volume of social media use examining a data set of groups active in European Union lobbying. Despite the positive expectations, we find limited evidence that social media have been...... able to reinvigorate democratic processes by changing inequalities in the landscape of political representation among interest groups. The level of resources held by the interest groups acts as the single most consistent predictor of both the range and volume of their social media use. Interest groups...

  11. Index to Army Times 1991 (United States)



  12. 33 CFR 334.1180 - Strait of Juan de Fuca, Wash.; air-to-surface weapon range, restricted area. (United States)


    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Strait of Juan de Fuca, Wash.; air-to-surface weapon range, restricted area. 334.1180 Section 334.1180 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DANGER ZONE AND RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.1180 Strait of Juan de...

  13. Foreign Artillery Suppressed Weapon Equipment Developing Situation Analysis%国外炮兵压制武器装备发展态势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    琚章锋; 刘娟; 刘慧玲


    野战炮兵的压制火力作为战场综合火力体系中必不可少的部分,是整个陆军赖以生存的重要手段,为增强炮兵武器在现代信息化战场的作战能力,各国普遍对现役装备进行改造、更新,使其作战效能有突破性的提高。典型介绍了美、俄、英三国炮兵压制武器装备的发展现状,并说明在高新技术兴起的今天,世界各国军队的建设和炮兵压制武器装备的发展呈现出由数量规模型转向质量效益型、由人力密集型转向技术密集型的总体趋势。%The field artillery suppressed fire, as an essential part of integrated battlefield fire system, is an important survival means of the whole army, in order to enhance combat capability of artillery weapon in modern information battlefield, all countries generally modifies, updates the servicing equipment, and makes a breakthrough improvement in the operational effectiveness. This article typically describes the development situation of artillery suppression weapon in United States, Russia, Britain, and explains that the overall trend of world army building and artillery suppressed weapon development is from quantity-scale type to quality efficiency type, and from a manpower-intensive to technotogy-intensive as high-technology development in the world today.

  14. Study of the Effectiveness of Scientific Research Quality Management System in Army Academy%有效保持军队院校科研质量管理体系运行的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴春林; 盛飞; 张素琴; 韩锐


    有效的运行军队院校科研质量管理体系,对提升科研产品质量,促进部队战斗力的提高,具有重要的现实意义.在分析军队院校科研工作特点的基础上,研究探讨了保持军队院校科研质量管理体系的有效运行的方法.%It was important to improve the quality of scientific research product and army battle for running scientific research quality management system effectively in army academy. Based on the analysis of the characteristic of scientific research in army academy, the way of keeping the effectiveness of scientific research quality management system in army academy was discussed.

  15. Application of a Dynamic Programming Algorithm for Weapon Target Assignment (United States)


    targets by simply optimizing the total ‘ cost ’ of all assignments (in the WTA case the cost relates to the threat minimisation benefit). LAPs inbound missile or as a weapons system about to launch a missile. Such an approach requires a high degree of situational awareness [14], whereas... costs . 3.1 Static Weapon Target Assignment using Exhaustive Enumeration As previously mentioned, since there is no exact solution to determining the

  16. Report of the Army Scientific Advisory Panel Ad Hoc Group on Fire Suppression (United States)


    Multiple explosions Impacts Subsonic projectile Machinery Airborne machinery Solid body impact Fire 39 Weapon System Generator Passing bullet from...Weapon System Generator Whistles Resonating pipes Voices Animal sounds Jet propulsion Visual Signals Signal whistles Projectile whistles...Armor sirens Signal horns Enemy shouting Friendly cries Horse neighing Horse running Rocket motor burning Mechanism Weapon System Generator Explosions

  17. Research on Top-layer Planning and Overall Design Project Decision of Weapon System Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Rui-wen


    Based on analytic hierarchy process(AHP) theory,a vital important problem for top-layer planning and overall design of modern self-propelled gun-howitzer system,namely overall project decision-making,was analyzed.A hierarchy model was built to solve the complex and uncertain problem,and a decision-making index system was established.Then,the weights in all layers of the model were determined by simulating experts.Finally,according to the calculated results of the elements in each layer,the weights of the alternatives to the overall goal were calculated to conduct the hierarchy total decision.A decision example shows that the overall project of a self-propelled gun-howitzer A is much better than that of another self-propelled gun-howitzer B,digitalized in comprehensive efficiency,operability,system accuracy and economy,but inferior to it in the information capability,and there exists relatively larger gap between them in the information sharing index.

  18. Research on HLA Distributing Interactive Simulation of Torpedo Weapon System%基于HLA的鱼雷武器系统分布交互仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏静; 高立娥; 杜来毅; 王飞


    为避免传统意义上低层次、低效率的重复开发,通过对HIA联邦成员的仿真流程及内部接口关系的研究,构建了基于HLA标准的由鱼雷、发射艇、目标、对抗器材等联邦成员组成的鱼雷作战对抗分布交互仿真系统,给出了仿真系统的网络拓扑结构,完成了联邦成员的功能实现.介绍了水声对抗条件下的基本作战仿真流程,包括初始设定、仿真计算、搜索探测、决策方案、双方武器或干扰器材的对抗过程、仿真结束等六个阶段:完成了鱼雷武器系统在潜一潜,舰一潜对抗态势条件下的弹道仿真研究.%In order to ovoid low level and inefficient exploitation , by means of researching of simulation flow and inside interface of HLA federation member, based on HLA standard, torpedo warfare simulation system is established by federation members such as torpedo, launch ship, target and confront equipments.This paper introduces the principal campaign simulation flow under the different countermove.It consists of the initialization, searching, detecting, decision, and the countermine process for weapon and countermeasure, and it investigates the ballistic trajectory simulation under the submarine to submarine countermine situation.

  19. CHAWS user`s guide: System description and standard operating procedures, Lexington-Blue Grass Army Depot

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martins, S.A.; Shinn, J.H. [eds.


    The Chemical Hazard Warning System (CHAWS) is designed to collect meteorological data and to display, in real time, the dispersion of hazardous chemicals that may result from an accidental release. Meteorological sensors have been placed strategically around the Lexington-Blue Grass Army Depot and are used to calculate direction and hazard distance for the release. Based on these data, arrows depicting the release direction and distance traveled are graphically displayed on a computer screen showing a site map of the facility. The objectives of CHAWS are as follows: To determine the trajectory of the center of mass of released material from the measured wind field; to calculate the dispersion of the released material based on the measured lateral turbulence intensity (sigma theta); to determine the height of the mixing zone by measurement of the inversion height and wind profiles up to an altitude of about 1 km at sites that have SODAR units installed; to archive meteorological data for potential use in climatological descriptions for emergency planning; to archive air-quality data for preparation of compliance reports; and to provide access to the data for near real time hazard analysis purposes. CHAWS sites are located at the Pine Bluff Arsenal, Arkansas, Edgewood area of Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, Tooele Depot, Utah, Lexington-Blue Grass Depot, Kentucky, and Johnston Island in the Pacific. The systems vary between sites with different features and various types of hardware. The basic system, however, is the same. Nonetheless, we have tailored the manuals to the equipment found at each site.

  20. Advancements in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Hydrographic Survey Capabilities: The SHOALS System (United States)


    1993. The system will be built by Optech, Inc., based on their design of the LARSEN 500, the only commercial lidar system current/y producing...position correction factors are unlinked, in real time, to the airborne system using a VHF radio transmitter. Position data are passed to the pilot

  1. World War I chemical weapons bunker engineering evaluation and cost analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Craig, C.A.; Crotteau, A.


    This paper provides a review of the US Army Corps of Engineers development and execution of a CERCLA chemical weapons and soil removal from two World War 1 underground test bunkers. The non-time critical removal action was completed from October 1994 to January 1995 in conjunction with Operation Safe Removal, Spring Valley, Washington, D.C. On January 5, 1993, a startled backhoe operator unearthed three 75mm artillery shells, exposing the legacy of a World War 1 (WWI) chemical weapons test facility in the midst of the nation`s capitol. That discovery, made in an exclusive residential neighborhood, prompted an intensive two year environmental cleanup. The Army immediately responded to the chemical ordnance threat, initiating Operation Safe Removal, a $20 million emergency response action and remedial investigation.

  2. Global Combat Support System - Army Did Not Comply With Treasury and DoD Financial Reporting Requirements (United States)


    No. DODIG-2014-104 S E P T E M B E R 3 , 2 0 1 4 Global Combat Support System–Army Did Not Comply With Treasury and DoD Financial Reporting...Comply With Treasury and DoD Financial Reporting Requirements 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d...i Results in Brief Global Combat Support System–Army Did Not Comply With Treasury and DoD Financial Reporting Requirements Visit us at


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana, BUICAN


    Full Text Available Oil (called by some black gold has not always been as coveted and used, but only in the last hundred years has established itself as a highly sought after as an indispensable proper functioning of modern economic activity that an important factor in international politics. International oil regime has changed in the last decades. In 1960, oil regime was a private oligopol which had links with governments main consuming countries. By then the price of a barrel of oil was two U.S. dollars and seven major transnational oil companies decided the amount of oil that will be produced. Meanwhile the world region with the largest oil exports were more strongly expressed nationalism and decolonization. Result, it was so in the late 60s in the region occur independent states. They have created an organization aim of this resource to their advantage - OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Thus since 1973 there have been changes in the international regime governing oil field, namely producing countries were fixed production rate and price. After this time the oil weapon has become increasingly important in the management of international relations. Oil influenced the great powers to Middle East conflicts that occurred in the last century, but their attitude about the emergence of new sources of oil outside OPEC. In the late 90's, Russia has become a major supplier of oil to the West.

  4. Alternative Fuels for use in DoD/Army Tactical Ground Systems (United States)


    Construction Equipment • Bridging • Assured Mobility Systems Robotics • TALON • PackBot • MARCbot • Gladiator • Demonstrators • Technology...Advance Controls; Advance LTC; Fuel Systems; Adv. Turbo •Modern Engine Repower MILITARY* • Variety engines (MY 19XX) • Jet fuel (JP-8

  5. A Human Systems Integration Analysis of the Army Suicide Prevention Program (United States)


    Events are not Detected Early ..................................................................................................49  Figure 18. remain suicidal as a function of session number. (From Jobes et al., 2012, p. 610) .101  Figure 38.  ASPP System Top-Down and Bottom-Up HTA ...Services Agency xiv HIPAA Health Insurance Privacy and Accountability Act HPRR Health Promotion Risk Reduction HSI Human Systems Integration HTA

  6. Evaluation of Operational Capability for Surface-to-Air Missile Weapon System Based on Neural Network%基于神经网络的地空导弹武器系统作战能力评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国宏; 孙健; 夏伟鹏; 康红霞


    The limitations of evaluation method of operational capability for surface-to-air missile weapon system are analyzed in the light of the characteristics of its operational use in this paper. The index system for evaluating the operational capability of surface-to-air weapon system according to the principle of setting the index system. Through analysis of the structure and characteristics of artificial neural network,the neural network model used to evaluate the operational capability of surface-to-air missile weapon system. This model needs not to determine the strict quantitative relations between different factors,overcome the negative influences of man-made factors.%根据地空导弹武器系统的作战使用特点,分析了评估其作战能力方法的局限性.根据指标体系设置的原则,建立了地空导弹武器系统作战能力评价指标体系.通过分析人工神经网络的结构和特点,设计了评估地空导弹武器系统作战能力的神经网络模型.该模型不需要确定各因素之间严格的定量关系,克服了以往由于人为因素所造成的负面影响.最后通过实际应用,说明该方法简便易行,准确可靠.

  7. Review of selected aspects of the Army Gas-Cooled Reactor Systems Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    Information is presented concerning the AGCRS program; ML-1 reactor skid refurbishing program; ML-1-IM fabrication status; power conversion system component testing program; ML-1 demonstration test program; and applications of ML-1 technology.

  8. Recommendations for Creating a Resource Management System to Support the Colombian Army in a New Environment (United States)


    World Military and Social Expenditures. 1991. 4. Republica de Colombia, Departamento Nacional de Planeacion , Documento DNP-2570-UIP-MinHacienda...Center, The Planning. Programmina and Budgeting System (PPBS), Technical Report, 1991. Departamento Nacional de Planeacion de Colombia, Plan ouinuenal

  9. Systems Engineering Approach and Metrics for Evaluating Network-Centric Operations for U.S. Army Battle Command (United States)


    2) applications reflect doctrine, (3) “ speaks ” the user’s language, (4) minimizes user memory load, (5) remains consistent between different modules...EXCELLENCE FIELD ELEMENT RDRL HRM AF C HERNANDEZ 3040 NW AUSTIN RD RM 221 FORT SILL OK 73503-9043 1 ARMY RSCH LABORATORY – HRED (PDF

  10. Research on Reliability Optimization of Antiaircraft Weapon System Based on Heuristic Algorithm%启发式算法的防空武器系统可靠性优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭强; 蒋里强; 高建军


    针对复杂武器系统可靠性分配最优化问题,以系统的可靠度最大为目标函数,综合考虑系统的费用、质量等约束条件,建立了武器系统的可靠性冗余分配最优化模型,提出了基于启发式方法的求解算法,通过改进各级子系统的可靠性从而使总的系统可靠性最大.算法设计比较简便,易于编程实现.通过对防空武器系统的可靠性分配优化问题进行实例分析,结果表明算法是有效、实用的.为大型复杂武器系统的可靠性设计和优化研究提供了科学有效的方法.%Aiming at the reliability redundancy optimization allotment of the complicated weapon system, using the biggest reliability as the target value, synthesize expenses, quality .etc. to control as condition, the model optimization about the reliability redundancy optimization allotment of the weapon system is builded up; put forward the heuristic algorithm solving calculated way according to opposite increase quantity through. Tthe reliability that passes the improvement all levels subsystem makes the total system reliability biggest, carrying on a solid example analysis to the reliability redundancy optimization allotment of the antiaircraft weapon system.

  11. Digital Simulation of Kill Probability on Shipborne Weapon System Against Missile Target%舰炮武器系统对导弹目标毁伤概率的数字仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李云超; 冯元伟


    Taking antimissile shipbome gun weapon system as a prototype, based on the operational process of this weapon system, and by using dynamic accuracy test data of naval gun tracing real object,a mathematical model of dynamic accuracy test calculating kill probability is constructed to simulate kill probability of shipborne gun system by directly hitting against missile targets, which realizes this simulation calculation. The simulation result is similar to that of actual effect of firing. Results show that the way of the simulation can carry out dynamic accuracy calculating kill probability and provide basis for decision making for the scheme of firing tests and supply reference for fire efficiency' s evaluation and effectiveness assessment of shipborne gun weapon system.%以某型反导舰炮武器系统为原型,通过分析舰炮武器系统反导作战过程,利用靶场舰炮武器系统的动态精度试验数据,建立了动态精度计算毁伤概率的数学模型,模拟了舰炮武器系统对导弹目标着发射击的毁伤概率,实现了毁伤概率的仿真计算,仿真结果与实弹射击结果接近.结果表明,应用这种方法,可以实现动态精度预估毁伤概率,为射击试验方案制定提供决策依据,也可以为舰炮武器系统射击效力的鉴定和效能评估提供参考.

  12. Non-destructive measurement of human griping force in a human-weapon system%人枪系统中人体握持主动力非破坏测量方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金鑫; 周克栋; 赫雷; 黄雪鹰; 张俊斌


    Here,a measurement method of active griping force was proposed to obtain the human griping force under continuous firing.Based on bionics and ergonomics,a bionic equivalent grip was designed to replace human hand. The bionic grip could be used to measure the equivalent forces system of a human-weapon system without destroying the weapon.The explicit active griping force components emerged after the equivalent forces system was decomposed with EMD.The obtained active griping force data were significant to study affecting factors of firing accuracy.Test results showed that the proposed measurement method can accurately reflect the action of human griping force in a human-weapon system under continuous firing.%为获得连续射击时人体握持主动力参数,提出一种人体握持主动力的测量方法。该方法设计了基于仿生学及人机工程学的仿生握爪,以等效代替人手握持射击。仿生握爪能够在不破坏枪支的情况下获得连续射击时人枪作用力的等效力系,该力系经 EMD 分解可得显现的握持主动力分量。所得的握持主动力参数对研究射击精度影响因素等课题具有重要意义。实验结果表明,该方法能准确反映连续射击时人枪系统力的作用。

  13. Peruvian Weapon System Acquisition Process (United States)


    more easily use arms transfers as a policy tool , Reagan dropped the annual ceiling on arms sale levels, rescinded restrictions on US. -3- embassies...internationally recognized human rights [Re 121. To prevent military equipment from becoming tools of repression, Congress placed specific language in the Foreign...the Third World. This encourages regional detente and that promotes increased lest-West European trade. Economic devopment , not Soviet military

  14. Nuclear weapons and NATO-Russia relations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cornwell, G.C.


    Despite the development of positive institutional arrangements such as Russian participation in the NATO-led peacekeeping force in Bosnia and the NATO- Russia Permanent Joint Council, the strategic culture of Russia has not changed in any fundamental sense. Russian strategic culture has not evolved in ways that would make Russian policies compatible with those of NATO countries in the necessary economic, social, technological, and military spheres. On the domestic side, Russia has yet to establish a stable democracy and the necessary legal, judicial, and regulatory institutions for a free-market economy. Russia evidently lacks the necessary cultural traditions, including concepts of accountability and transparency, to make these adaptations in the short-term. Owing in part to its institutional shortcomings, severe socioeconomic setbacks have afflicted Russia. Russian conventional military strength has been weakened, and a concomitant reliance by the Russians on nuclear weapons as their ultimate line of defense has increased. The breakdown in the infrastructure that supports Russian early warning and surveillance systems and nuclear weapons stewardship defense, coupled with a tendency towards has exacerbated Russian anxiety and distrust toward NATO. Russia`s reliance on nuclear weapons as the ultimate line of defense, coupled with a tendency toward suspicion and distrust toward NATO, could lead to dangerous strategic miscalculation and nuclear catastrophe.

  15. The Chemical Weapons Convention -- Legal issues

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) offers a unique challenge to the US system of constitutional law. Its promise of eliminating what is the most purely genocidal type of weapon from the world`s arsenals as well as of destroying the facilities for producing these weapons, brings with it a set of novel legal issues. The reservations about the CWC expressed by US business people are rooted in concern about safeguarding confidential business information and protecting the constitutional right to privacy. The chief worry is that international verification inspectors will misuse their power to enter commercial property and that trade secrets or other private information will be compromised as a result. It has been charged that the Convention is probably unconstitutional. The author categorically disagrees with that view and is aware of no scholarly writing that supports it. The purpose of this presentation is to show that CWC verification activities can be implemented in the US consistently with the traditional constitutional regard for commercial and individual privacy. First, he very briefly reviews the types of verification inspections that the CWC permits, as well as some of its specific privacy protections. Second, he explains how the Fourth Amendment right to privacy works in the context of CWC verification inspections. Finally, he reviews how verification inspections can be integrated into these constitutional requirements in the SU through a federal implementing statute.

  16. Evaluation of System Architectures for the Army Aviation Ground Power Unit (United States)


    costs. The research concludes that architectures with diesel engine power plants are p refetTed even though these architectures have an inherent mass...maintenance costs were the largest contributors to system life cycle costs. The research concludes that architectures with diesel engine power...27  2.  Diesel Engine Pneumatic Power Architecture ................................29  a.  Positive Displacement Compressors

  17. Methodology for Performing a Manpower and Personnel Integration (MANPRINT) Evaluation for U.S. Army Systems (United States)


    Observations Observation methods commonly employed include heuristic walk-throughs and over-the- shoulder observations. These entail subject matter...Rating Technique (SART): The Development of a Tool for Aircrew Systems Design. In Situational Awareness in Aerospace Operations (AGARD CP 478); Neuilly

  18. Augmenting U.S. Army Warrant Officer Expertise with Expert Systems (United States)


    making power of an expert. An expert system can be viewed as a computer-based tool I 1Lawrence K. Laswell , COLLISION: THEORY VS REALITY IN EXPERT...p.7 7 . Kupfer, Andrew. "Now, Live Experts on Flopppy Disks." FORTUNE, October 12, 1987, p. 3 5 . Laswell , Lawrence K. COLLISION: THEORY VS REALITY

  19. 双联装火炮武器系统零位检测和规正方法%Method of Zero Check and Adjustment for Twin-Barrelled Gun Weapon System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨广; 李卓; 吉亚林


    在交汇式双联装火炮武器系统中,火炮装置通过联装两座火炮单元来提高发射率,由于火炮单元自动机轴线与火炮装置的实际架位存在偏差,常规标定方法无法获取此类武器系统火炮架位与跟踪传感器的偏差。针对此问题提出一种交汇式双联装火炮武器系统的零位检测和规正方法,该方法通过零飞方式检查火炮瞄准误差,并根据火炮高低指向实时地计算炮管指向和火炮架位的实际偏差,以准确测量火炮与跟踪传感器的零位偏差,实现交汇式双联装火炮武器系统快速标定。%Twin-barrelled gun weapon system equips with two guns. Its shooting rate is higher. But we cannot get the error between the gun servo and the tracking sensor directly by traditional method because of its direction difference between the gun barrel and the gun servo. So a fast calibrating method is declared. In this method, the weapon system checks the aiming error of gun in zero-fly mode. It�s a fast and efficient method to check and adjust the zero of the twin-barrelled gun weapon system.

  20. Analysis of Quantity Requirement and Its Marginal Utility of Weapon System Based on Random Theory%基于随机理论的武器系统数量需求及边际效用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张庆捷; 赵瑾; 张杰; 郑斌


    针对武器系统作战需求中的数量需求问题,提出了一种基于作战过程状态转移的研究思路.根据“侦察—信息处理与决策—火力打击”的一般作战过程,建立了状态转移方程,推导出了数量需求函数的解析表达式,并对其边际效用进行了分析.结果表明:增加武器系统数量和提高武器系统战技性能(tactical and technical characteristics,TTC)对火力打击效能均具有补偿作用,但它们的边际效用是有区分的,分水岭就是该武器系统是否具备精确打击能力.%To study the problem of quantity requirement in weapon system operational requirement, an idea based on state transition of operational process is put forward. With the general operational process of "reconnaissance-information processing and decision-fire attack", the state transition function is built, the analytic expressions of quantity requirement function is deduced and calculated, and the marginal utility is also analyzed. The main conclusion is made as follows, the increased quantity and the improved tactical and technical characteristics(TTC) of weapon system will make up fire efficiency both, but with different marginal utility, and weather this certain weapon system has accurate fire ability or not is regarded as the watershed.

  1. Evaluation of European District Heating Systems for Application to Army Installations in the United States (United States)


    144 B15 Steel coated pipes for vapour and condensate in Kiel (various photos) ..................... 146 C1 District heat equipment (http...programs. Acidic condensate, oxygen pitting, and intrusion of untreated domestic water at heat exchangers leads to pipe failures and high make up rates at...measures are necessary. The systems today available on the market are characterized by a very small diffusion of water vapour from the hot water

  2. The Army’s Penny-Wise, Pound-Foolish Publications System: A Prescription for Change. (United States)


    typographical and layout design concept for use in the computer maintained system. (The Internal Revenue Service has invested heavily over the years in...obtaining the best design advice. Before seeking more costly design consultant advice, the IRS experience should be thoroughly considered.) 12. One...abandoned. For the benefit of those who ask: "Why not put all of the regulations in a computer?" the answer is that use of computer-assisted typography auto

  3. Derivation of models for nuclear weapon terrorist arming and detonation risk analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parziale, A A


    This report investigates "use control" for the on-site arming and detonation, by terrorists, of stored weapon systems. We investigate both components of weapon "use control", which we define as: (1) weapon "use denial" * that we model as a probability, Pj (denial), that represents the chances that terrorists attempting to arm a type j weapon will commit a non-recoverable error, and (2) weapon "use delay" that we model as a random variable, Tj , that represents the arming delay imposed by the use control features of a type j weapon, before detonation can occur. Using information pertaining to the physical security system at a storage site, the postulated terrorist attack force size, and simulated combat engagement outcomes, we formulate the frequency, fj , and probability, P(dj ), of on-site detonation, for generic weapon types j. We derive a model that disjoins the performance of site physical security, from that for weapon use control, if the use control random variable Tj has a Uniform or histogram distribution. This is an especially significant result where most complex distributions can be adequately approximated with a histogram. Hence, we can conduct combat simulations to obtain the physical security performance of a specific storage site independent of the use control features associated with specific weapon types that are stored, or might be stored, at the site. In turn, we can obtain the use control performance for various weapon types, independent of where they are stored and the physical security systems surrounding them. Our models can then mathematically combine physical security performance and weapon use control performance for any combination of storage facility and weapon type.

  4. The Effects of Nuclear Weapons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glasstone, Samuel


    This book is a revision of "The Effects of Nuclear Weapons" which was issued in 1957. It was prepared by the Defense Atomic Support Agency of the Department of Defense in coordination with other cognizant governmental agencies and was published by the U.S. Atomc Energy Commission. Although the complex nature of nuclear weapons effects does not always allow exact evaluation, the conclusions reached herein represent the combined judgment of a number of the most competent scientists working the problem. There is a need for widespread public understanding of the best information available on the effects of nuclear weapons. The purpose of this book is to present as accurately as possible, within the limits of national security, a comprehensive summary of this information.

  5. Army Materiel Requirements to Support the Continental United States Military Mobilization Base Structure (United States)


    Level of Organization AMC ............... Army Materiel Command AMOPS ............. Army Mobilization and Operations Planning System AMPC ...Military Personnel Center ( AMPC ) uses an automated mobilization manpower (MOB MAN) requirements data manipulator system to prepare time- phased

  6. Research on Computer Aided Innovation Model of Weapon Equipment Requirement Demonstration (United States)

    Li, Yong; Guo, Qisheng; Wang, Rui; Li, Liang

    Firstly, in order to overcome the shortcoming of using only AD or TRIZ solely, and solve the problems currently existed in weapon equipment requirement demonstration, the paper construct the method system of weapon equipment requirement demonstration combining QFD, AD, TRIZ, FA. Then, we construct a CAI model frame of weapon equipment requirement demonstration, which include requirement decomposed model, requirement mapping model and requirement plan optimization model. Finally, we construct the computer aided innovation model of weapon equipment requirement demonstration, and developed CAI software of equipment requirement demonstration.

  7. Data Fusion and Its Application of Electro-Optical Sensor and Radar in Ship Cannon Weapon System%舰炮武器系统光电传感器与雷达数据融合及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丛树学; 高俊云


    目标参数的质量直接影响武器系统的命中概率,因此,光电、雷达传感器数据的选优尤为重要,数据融合解决了这一问题。针对舰炮武器系统雷达及光电传感器的数据融合,建立了数学模型,并根据所建立的模型提出工程实践,提高了武器系统的命中率。%The quality of target parameters influences the hit probability of weapon system directly. I nereIore, me opLmuzu- tion of the data of electro-optical sensor and radar is very important. Data fusion could solve the problem. In view of the data fusion of electro-opticaI sensor and radar in ship cannon system, the mathematic model is established, and the engineering practice based on the model is described. The data fusion method mentioned in this paper improves the hit probability of the weapon system.

  8. 防空导弹武器系统通用火控软件设计与实现%General Design and Accomplishment of Firepower Control Software in Air Defense Missile Weapon System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    针对不同防空导弹武器系统的火控软件之间不能互用的现状,分析了火控系统各主要功能模块之间的接口关系,提出了火控软件通用化设计的思路,并用C++实现了该设计.火控软件的通用化设计值碍将来防空导弹能武器系统火控软件的标准化设计和编程借鉴.%s :Contrasting the status of no interoperability in firepower control softwares among different aerial defense missile weapon system, the interface relation of functional module in firepower control system is analyzed.And the idea of general design of firepower control software is put forward.Furthermore, the idea is realized by using C++ programming.The general design of firepower control software is worth used for reference in the standard design and programming of future aerial defense missile weapon system.

  9. Research on Test Method of Ship-Borne Torpedo Defence Weapon System Intercepting Torpedo in Sea Trial%舰载鱼雷防御武器系统拦截实航鱼雷试验方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯宝娥; 陈高杰


    Based on the test destination of ship-borne torpedo defence weapon system intercepting torpedo in sea trial,this paper first introduces the system constitution and working principle briefly. And then,the feasible test sea -lanes are researched and designed. Lastly,the concrete test implementary scheme,data-processing and result assessment are proposed. The method can guide the torpedo defense fighting and the operating of torpedo defense weapon system.%针对舰载鱼雷防御武器系统拦截实航鱼雷试验目的,在简单介绍系统组成及工作原理的基础上,研究设计了可行的试验航路,并提出具体的试验实施方案、试验数据处理及结果评定方法。对水面舰的鱼雷防御作战、鱼雷防御武器系统的使用有一定的指导意义。

  10. The Combat Efficiency Evaluation of the Self-Propelled Weapon System Based on AHP and Cloud Theory%基于AHP和云理论的自行火炮武器系统作战效能评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周瑾粼; 高启航


    In view of the problem in the combat efficiency evaluation of the self-propelled weapon system,this paper establishes the index system of the combat efficiency evaluation and the mathematical model by use of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and the cloud centre-of-gravity judgment process,surveys the availability and the function of this method combining to the specific living example. It also provides an effective method and way for the combat efficiency evaluation of the self-propelled weapon system.%针对自行火炮武器系统作战效能的评估问题,运用AHP和云重心评判法建立作战效能评估指标体系和评估数学模型,并结合具体实例验证了此方法的有效性和实用性,为自行火炮武器系统作战效能评估提供了一种有效的方法和途径。

  11. 一种高炮武器系统射击准备精度综合检测方法%An Integrated Test Method Based on Accuracy of Fire Preparation for Antiaircraft Artillery Weapon System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘永鸿; 张文红


    In order to improve the fire preparation accuracy of antiaircraft artillery weapon system, put forward an integrated test method for accuracy of fire preparation based on CCD camera. The checkout equipment includes cold gun correction sighting telescope, the single chip application system, display equipment and storage battery and so on. Through the calculation of ballistic correction and the picture deviating techniques of interpretation based on muzzle aiming direction in linkage, realize the integrated test for error of fire preparation based on antiaircraft artillery weapon system.The application results show that the executed device has these characteristics of simple structure and high check precision etc.%为提高高炮武器系统射击准备精度,提出一种基于CCD摄像的射击准备精度综合检测方法.检测装置由冷炮校正器、单片机应用系统、显示器和蓄电池等构成,通过弹道修正量计算和联动状态下炮口指向的图像偏差判别方法,实现高炮武器系统射击准备误差的综合检测.应用结果表明,该实施装置具有结构简单、检测精度高等特点.

  12. The Effects of Nuclear Weapons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glasstone, Samuel


    This handbook prepared by the Armed Forces Special Weapons Project of the Department of Defense in coordination with other cognizant government agencies and published by the United States Atomic Energy Commission, is a comprehensive summary of current knowledge on the effects of nuclear weapons. The effects information contained herein is calculated for yields up to 20 megatons and the scaling laws for hypothetically extending the calculations beyond this limit are given. The figure of 20 megatons however is not be taken as an indication of capabilities or developments.

  13. U.S. Army Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) - A Historical Perspective to Identifying and Understanding Stakeholder Relationships (United States)


    U.S. Army War College Research Project on UAVs: The Ryan Model 147 “Lightning Bug” UAV was born, successfully completing testing in 1962. By 1964...they believe they are being mistreated . Next to customers, suppliers are next in importance as an organization depends upon them for goods and service...soldiers, marines and foreign military students annually with over 125,000 square feet of training space, four hangars and three runways. Programs of

  14. 2010 Army Modernization Strategy (United States)


    Capability Release ( JCR ) software upgrades with BFT2 and KGV-72s provides Type-1 security and enhanced (10X) L-band bandwidth to current FBCB2 terminals...Additionally, JCR will include the co-host of the TiGR and the Army will leverage to support HBCT to SBCT conversions starting in FY11. By FY13...Army Human Intelligence 89 2010 ARMY MODERNIZATION STRATEGY WWW.G8.ARMY.MIL IBCT: IED: IED: IFPC: IPADS: IRB: ISR: IT: JAB: JBC-P: JCR : JETS

  15. Prepare the Army for War. A Historical Overview of the Army Training and Doctrine Command, 1973 - 1993 (United States)


    system conceived to replace the Hawk and Nike -Hercules, which was oue of the earlier-mentioned five key dev,;lopment programs, was designated the... Nike -Hercules. Designated the Patriot, the system achieved dramatic results against Iraqi Scud missiles during Operation Desert Storm. 11 (1) Army...4-11. Romjue, John L. The Army of Excellence: The Development of the 1980s Army. TRADOC Historical Monograph Series. Office of the Command Historia

  16. Fire Command Control Model for Multi-Waveband Photoelectrical Camouflage Weapon System%多波段光电伪装武器系统射击指挥控制模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱安国; 王朝晖; 张继春; 杨槐


    快速实施大面积多波段烟幕防护,是现代战争中保护重要军事、经济目标的有效手段.多波段光电伪装武器系统是近年来因这种需求而发展起来的一种新型武器装备,但大多自主作战、缺乏统一的指挥控制功能,给出系统成建制协同作战时,从目标预测、建立空间遮障到火力分配等射击指挥控制相关模型.%To quickly carry out the large-area and multi-waveband smoke protection is the effective means for protecting the important military and electronic targets in the modern war. The multi-waveband photoelectrical weapon system is the new type of weapon device developed to meet this requirement in recent years. But it independently carries out the war task without the unified command and control function, so this paper gives the related fire command control models involving the target prediction,establishment of the space block, and the fire allocation when the system carries out the cooperative war task.

  17. 32 CFR 1903.10 - Weapons. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Weapons. 1903.10 Section 1903.10 National... INSTALLATIONS § 1903.10 Weapons. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, knowingly possessing or causing to be present a weapon on an Agency installation, or attempting to do so is prohibited....

  18. Why are U.S. nuclear weapon modernization efforts controversial? (United States)

    Acton, James


    U.S. nuclear weapon modernization programs are focused on extending the lives of existing warheads and developing new delivery vehicles to replace ageing bombers, intercontinental ballistic missiles, and ballistic missile submarines. These efforts are contested and controversial. Some critics argue that they are largely unnecessary, financially wasteful and potentially destabilizing. Other critics posit that they do not go far enough and that nuclear weapons with new military capabilities are required. At its core, this debate centers on three strategic questions. First, what roles should nuclear weapons be assigned? Second, what military capabilities do nuclear weapons need to fulfill these roles? Third, how severe are the unintended escalation risks associated with particular systems? Proponents of scaled-down modernization efforts generally argue for reducing the role of nuclear weapons but also that, even under existing policy, new military capabilities are not required. They also tend to stress the escalation risks of new--and even some existing--capabilities. Proponents of enhanced modernization efforts tend to advocate for a more expansive role for nuclear weapons in national security strategy. They also often argue that nuclear deterrence would be enhanced by lower yield weapons and/or so called bunker busters able to destroy more deeply buried targets. The debate is further fueled by technical disagreements over many aspects of ongoing and proposed modernization efforts. Some of these disagreements--such as the need for warhead life extension programs and their necessary scope--are essentially impossible to resolve at the unclassified level. By contrast, unclassified analysis can help elucidate--though not answer--other questions, such as the potential value of bunker busters.

  19. Army Battle Command System (United States)


    BCIS FSCS Land Warrior RAH-66 ASAS TUAV * CGS IMETS TROJAN MITT/DTES ACT Enclave AQF (Prophet) GBCS (Prophet) AFATDS Paladin FFDR MLRS (M270A1) LLDR...TROJAN SPIRIT CGS (CTT-H) UAV GRCS GBCS/ AQF TROJAN SPIRIT TRACKWOLF INTEL ALLIES USMC ADJACENT UNITS ALL MUST FIT TOGETHER!! CAPABILITY OF levels • Provides coverage over extended battlespace –Division – 120 x 200 km –Brigade – 40 x 100 km –Battalion – 20 x 50 km • Mobile

  20. Real life identification of partially occluded weapons in video frames (United States)

    Hempelmann, Christian F.; Arslan, Abdullah N.; Attardo, Salvatore; Blount, Grady P.; Sirakov, Nikolay M.


    We empirically test the capacity of an improved system to identify not just images of individual guns, but partially occluded guns and their parts appearing in a videoframe. This approach combines low-level geometrical information gleaned from the visual images and high-level semantic information stored in an ontology enriched with meronymic part-whole relations. The main improvements of the system are handling occlusion, new algorithms, and an emerging meronomy. Well-known and commonly deployed in ontologies, actual meronomies need to be engineered and populated with unique solutions. Here, this includes adjacency of weapon parts and essentiality of parts to the threat of and the diagnosticity for a weapon. In this study video sequences are processed frame by frame. The extraction method separates colors and removes the background. Then image subtraction of the next frame determines moving targets, before morphological closing is applied to the current frame in order to clean up noise and fill gaps. Next, the method calculates for each object the boundary coordinates and uses them to create a finite numerical sequence as a descriptor. Parts identification is done by cyclic sequence alignment and matching against the nodes of the weapons ontology. From the identified parts, the most-likely weapon will be determined by using the weapon ontology.

  1. Security after the revolutions of 1989 and 1991: The future with nuclear weapons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weber, S. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)


    Political scientists typically view weapons within the realm of effects, not within the realm of cause. That is, weapons are a consequence of the great causal factors in international relations. Insecurity is the most important of these factors; it follows from the uneven distribution of power among states, the security dilemma, and the ever-present possibility that violence will be used to settle disagreements because there is no higher authority above states capable of enforcing rules. According to this logic weapons cause neither war nor peace. They are simply tools that states use to gain a share of the scarcest commodity - security - by fighting other states or by threatening to do so if necessary. Nuclear weapons are a product of great industrial capabilities, knowledge, and other resources. The United States and the Soviet Union had the largest arsenals of nuclear weapons because they were superpowers, not the other way around. On this logic, nuclear weapons reflect and reinforce a distribution of power that would exist in their absence. As the distribution of power among states changes, the status of nuclear weapons in the world will also change in a way that reflects the more fundamental causes that continue to drive state-state relationships in an anarchic world. In this chapter the author treat nuclears weapons within the realm of great causes. Arguing that nuclear weapons were a fundamental cause in bringing the Cold War, and with it the last vestiges of bipolarity, to an end. International life in the 1990s will not be the same as it was between 1945 and 1989. Will it be more like the multipolar world of the 1800s, with nuclear weapons simply grafted on the way other new weapons innovations have been in the past? That is not expected because nuclear weapons have altered the fundamental causal forces that drove previous international systems from peace to war and back again. 21 refs.

  2. 集装箱运输在我军军事物流中的应用%Application of Containerized Transportation in Military Logistics System of Chinese Army

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田润良; 张颖; 尹福文; 陈泽鸿


    In this paper, on the basis of an analysis of the current status and existing problems of the military logistics practice of the Chinese army, we elaborated on the significance of the containerized transportation in the military logistics system, and then from the aspects of military material, transportation means and IT construction, demonstrated the application of the containerized transportation in the military logistics system of the Chinese army.%在分析了我军军事物流发展现状及问题的基础上,阐述了集装箱运输在军事物流中的地位,并从军用物资、运输方式以及信息化建设三个方面论述了集装箱运输在我军军事物流中的应用.集装箱运输在我军军事物流中优越性已经初步显现,不仅可以提高运输效率和质量,而且能带来良好的经济效益,对我军军事物流产生巨大影响和推动作用.

  3. Environmental Detection of Clandestine Nuclear Weapon Programs (United States)

    Kemp, R. Scott


    Environmental sensing of nuclear activities has the potential to detect nuclear weapon programs at early stages, deter nuclear proliferation, and help verify nuclear accords. However, no robust system of detection has been deployed to date. This can be variously attributed to high costs, technical limitations in detector technology, simple countermeasures, and uncertainty about the magnitude or behavior of potential signals. In this article, current capabilities and promising opportunities are reviewed. Systematic research in a variety of areas could improve prospects for detecting covert nuclear programs, although the potential for countermeasures suggests long-term verification of nuclear agreements will need to rely on methods other than environmental sensing.

  4. Handheld Concealed Weapons Detector Development (United States)


    Enforcement, Edward M. Carapezza, Donald Spector, Eds., Proc. SPIE 2938, 110 - 119 (1997). 3. Franklin Felber, Norbert Wild, Scott Nunan , Dennis Breuner... Nunan , D. Breuner, and F. Doft, "Handheld Ultrasound Concealed-Weapons Detector," in Enforcement and Security Technologies, A. Trent DePersia, J. J

  5. Armar y vestir al ejército de la Nación: los artefactos militares del Fuerte General Paz (Carlos Casares, Buenos Aires en el marco de la construcción del Estado nacional y la guerra de frontera WEAPONS AND UNIFORMS FOR THE ARMY OF THE NATION: THE MILITARY ARTIFACTS FROM FORT GENERAL PAZ, CARLOS CASARES, BUENOS AIRES, IN THE CONTEXT OF THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE NATION STATE AND THE FRONTIER WAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Bautista Leoni


    Full Text Available En este trabajo se aborda el análisis del conjunto de artefactos militares (elementos de armas y uniformes del sitio arqueológico Fuerte General Paz, Carlos Casares, Buenos Aires, comandancia de la Frontera Oeste entre 1869 y 1877. Se utiliza un enfoque amplio que comprende tanto el análisis tipológico y funcional de los artefactos como la investigación de documentos escritos, incluyendo relatos testimoniales de la época, registros oficiales del gobierno y reglamentos militares vigentes. Al tratarse de una guarnición militar significativa por su tamaño y su rol en la estructura de la línea de frontera, el conjunto permite evaluar el proceso de construcción de un ejército nacional efectivo, una aspiración principal de los primeros gobiernos del estado nacional liberal que surgió a partir de 1862. El análisis de los artefactos provenientes del sitio muestra una gran variedad de armas en servicio y una aplicación por lo menos laxa de los reglamentos vigentes para uniformes, mostrando que la estandarización y regularización deseada por las autoridades estaba lejos de lograrse, y que necesariamente deben combinarse distintas fuentes de información para obtener mejores interpretaciones de los diversos aspectos de la vida en los emplazamientos militares de frontera.This paper analyzes the assemblage of military artifacts from Fort General Paz, Carlos Casares, Buenos Aires, headquarters of the so-called Western Frontier between 1869 and 1877. A broad approach is employed, including both the typological and functional analysis of the artifacts and the examination of the documentary record, which comprises contemporary witnesses' accounts as well as official records and military regulations. Since it was a sizeable military garrison, the assemblage allows us to assess the intended process of construction of an efficient national army, a principal goal of the first liberal governments after 1862. The analysis shows a great degree of

  6. Application of fiber Bragg grating sensing technology in long-distance detection of temperature in weapon depots (United States)

    Xu, Jianguo; Zhang, ZhiLi; Zhao, Bing; Fu, Zhulin


    Incessantly long-term real-time detection of temperature is demanded in weapon depots, where the weapon equipment is stored in, to realize the self-regulation of temperature. Long-Distance intellectualized control can be actualized by setting sensor-net which is composed by several temperature sensors to simultaneously detect multi-point and multi- parameter. The temperature sensors based on Fiber Bragg Grating Technology are more suitable for long-term detection for their preponderance in high sensitivity, small volume, anti-jamming and so on. The temperature sensing system, which is composed by several Fiber Bragg Grating sensors in one light-cable, can accomplish Quasi-Distributed measurement and is suitable for multi-point and multi- parameter detection. Basal principle of Fiber Bragg Grating sensing technology is expounded in the article, with a sensing system applied to the long-distance detection of temperature in the depots is designed based on F-P Scanning Method. Besides, DSP and FPGA are adopted pre-treat the transformed data from AD such as filter and determine threshold. The main modules of this demodulation system such as 1550nm exact photoelectric detection module and trigonal wave voltage scan module are designed in this paper to realize demodulation. Proved by the analysis of the testing data, the Fiber Bragg Grating temperature sensing system, whose testing precision achieved the design purpose, has advantages of real-time measure and long-term stability. The system, which provides guarantee to realize the auto-control of temperature, can be generalized and will provide favorable foundation for the broad using of Fiber Bragg Grating sensing technology in the army.

  7. Results of field testing with the FightSight infrared-based projectile tracking and weapon-fire characterization technology (United States)

    Snarski, Steve; Menozzi, Alberico; Sherrill, Todd; Volpe, Chris; Wille, Mark


    This paper describes experimental results from recent live-fire data collects that demonstrate the capability of a prototype system for projectile detection and tracking. This system, which is being developed at Applied Research Associates, Inc., under the FightSight program, consists of a high-speed thermal camera and sophisticated image processing algorithms to detect and track projectiles. The FightSight operational vision is automated situational intelligence to detect, track, and graphically map large-scale firefights and individual shooting events onto command and control (C2) systems in real time (shot location and direction, weapon ID, movements and trends). Gaining information on enemy-fire trajectories allows educated inferences on the enemy's intent, disposition, and strength. Our prototype projectile detection and tracking system has been tested at the Joint Readiness Training Center (Ft Polk, LA) during live-fire convoy and mortar registration exercises, in the summer of 2009. It was also tested during staged military-operations- on-urban-terrain (MOUT) firefight events at Aberdeen Test Center (Aberdeen, MD) under the Hostile Fire Defeat Army Technology Objective midterm experiment, also in the summer of 2009, where we introduced fusion with acoustic and EO sensors to provide 3D localization and near-real time display of firing events. Results are presented in this paper that demonstrate effective and accurate detection and localization of weapon fire (5.56mm, 7.62mm, .50cal, 81/120mm mortars, 40mm) in diverse and challenging environments (dust, heat, day and night, rain, arid open terrain, urban clutter). FightSight's operational capabilities demonstrated under these live-fire data collects can support closecombat scenarios. As development continues, FightSight will be able to feed C2 systems with a symbolic map of enemy actions.

  8. Army Overdependency on Contractors (United States)


    Army Overdependency on Contrators EWS 2005 Subject Area Topical Issues Contemporary Issues Paper Submitted by Captain HL Morris...aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington Headquarters Services , Directorate for Information... service would not be interrupted if the contractor failed to perform. The guidelines also mandated that the Army had to be capable of providing

  9. [Modern pneumatic weapons and injuries they cause]. (United States)

    Kozachenko, I N


    The data on the history of development and further improvement of pneumatic weapons are presented with special reference to specific features of different types and varieties of these weapons, cartridges for them, and the sphere of their application. Investigations into peculiarities of damages caused by high-capacity pneumatic weapons to the objects of forensic medical expertise affected from different distances are reviewed. Results of forensic medical expertise and clinical studies on the structure of body injuries inflicted by gunshots from pneumatic weapons to the human body are discussed. The author emphasizes the necessity of developing up-to-date terminology and classification of gunshot injuries caused by shooting from pneumatic weapons.

  10. Microcomputer Integrated Library System (MILS). The Online Integrated Technical Information Center System at US Army Concepts Analysis Agency (CAA). (United States)


    marketplace. The April 1, 1986 issue of Library Journal (UJ) has a review of the 1985 Automated Library System Marketplace. According to UJ, in 1984P...Sampler, Library Journal , 110, No. 8, pp 124-130, May 1, 1985 Robert M. Mason, Prospects for 1985, Library Journal , 110, No. 1, pp 60- 1, January 1985... Library Journal , 111, No. 6, pp 25-37, April 1, 1986 Systems Reviewed: Sydney Dataproducts Micro Library System Biblioi-Techniques/BLIS Inmagic

  11. Groundwater modeling to evaluate interaquifer leakage in the Floridan aquifer system near Hunter Army Airfield and Fort Stewart (United States)

    Cherry, Gregory S.


    Simulations using a modified regional groundwater- flow model were used to determine the amount of leakage from the Upper Floridan aquifer (UFA) through the Lower Floridan confining unit (LFC) into the Lower Floridan aquifer (LFA) resulting from pumping about 1 million gallons per day at newly constructed LFA production wells at Hunter Army Airfield and Fort Stewart in coastal Georgia. Simulated steadystate drawdown at each of the LFA production wells closely matched observed drawdown during a 72-hour aquifer test with the observed water levels reaching steady-state by the end of the test period. However, simulated drawdown was greater than observed drawdown in the UFA because of the short duration of the aquifer test and the time required for groundwater movement through the LFC into the LFA. Steadystate simulations provide an estimate of leakage based on the long-term continuous operation of each production well. Results of model simulations indicate that interaquifer leakage accounts for 48 percent of the flow to the well at Hunter Army Airfield, and 98 percent of the flow to the well at Fort Stewart. Simulated results near the Hunter Army Airfield production well indicated that 65 percent of the leakage from the UFA to the LFA occurs within a 1-mile radius, whereas simulated results near the Fort Stewart production well indicated 80-percent leakage from the UFA to the LFA within the same radius. The greater amount of leakage to the production well near Fort Stewart can be attributed to the higher transmissivity of the UFA and higher vertical hydraulic conductivity in the LFC near the well.

  12. Why Sexually Selected Weapons Are Not Ornaments. (United States)

    McCullough, Erin L; Miller, Christine W; Emlen, Douglas J


    The elaboration and diversification of sexually selected weapons remain poorly understood. We argue that progress in this topic has been hindered by a strong bias in sexual selection research, and a tendency for weapons to be conflated with ornaments used in mate choice. Here, we outline how male-male competition and female choice are distinct mechanisms of sexual selection, and why weapons and ornaments are fundamentally different types of traits. We call for research on the factors contributing to weapon divergence, the potential for male-male competition to drive speciation, and the specific use of weapons in the context of direct fights versus displays. Given that weapons are first and foremost fighting structures, biomechanical approaches are an especially promising direction for understanding weapon design.

  13. 某高炮武器系统自动校射系统设计%Design of Automatic Firing Calibration System of a Certain Antiaircraft Artillery Weapon System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马志强; 程远增; 孙世宇; 王春平


    我国现役高炮火控系统的校射大多采用开环控制,没有自动校射功能,作战效能较低.针对某型高炮设计了一种自动校射系统,该系统采用火控解算参数与数字图像处理技术相结合的方法,火控计算机计算出虚拟弹目偏差,图像处理技术获取置信度较高的弹目偏差,对高炮射击诸元进行实时校正,克服传统校射的不足,从而实现对高炮武器系统的全过程高精度自动校射,实现高炮武器系统的快速射击,提高射击命中率,充分发挥高炮武器系统的作战效能.%China's active antiaircraft artillery fire control system mostly uses open-loop control for fireng calibration, no automatic fire calibration function, only has low operation efficiency. This paper presents a design method of automatic fire calibration system to a certain antiaircraft artillery. Combining fire control system computing parameters with digital image processing technology, automatic fire calibration system uses fire control computer computing the virtual miss distance, uses image processing technology obtaining miss distance with higher reliability in order to correct real-timely all kinds of firing data of antiaircraft artillery and overcome the deficiencies of traditional fire calibration method. For the antiaircraft artillery weapon system, this system could achieve automatic fire calibration with the whole process and high precision, ensure rapid firing and improve hit rate, give full play to the combat effectiveness.

  14. Managing nuclear weapons in a changing world: Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)


    The Center for Security and Technology Studies was established at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to support long-range technical studies on issues of importance to US national security. An important goal of the Center is to bring together Laboratory staff and the broader outside community through a program of technical studies, visitors, symposia, seminars, workshops, and publications. With this in mind, the Center and LLNL`s Defense Systems Program sponsored a conference on Managing Nuclear Weapons in a Changing World held on November 17--18,1992. The first day of the meeting focused on nuclear weapons issues in the major geographical areas of the world. On the second day, the conference participants discussed what could be done to manage, control, and account for nuclear weapons in this changing world. Each of the talks and the concluding panel discussion are being indexed as separate documents.

  15. Influence of Vertical Target Density on Hit Probabity of Shipborne Atillery Weapon System%立靶密集度指标对舰炮武器系统命中概率的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    文章分析了影响舰炮武器系统射击精度的几个因素,并以某型舰炮为例,利用典型数据对立靶密集度与命中概率的关系进行了仿真计算,总结了舰炮立靶密集度指标与系统精度的关系。%This paper analyzes the factors affecting the shooting accuracy of the shipborne atillery weapon system,in a type of sbipborne atillery as an example,use the typical data to simulate the relationship between vertiacl target density and hit probability,and summarize the relationship between vertiacl target density and the system accuracy.

  16. How the Army Runs: A Senior Leader Reference Handbook. 2013-2014 (United States)


    Richard Meinhart 4797 richard.m.meinhart.civ 2 Army Organizational Life Cycle Prof. Ed Filiberti 3715 edward.j.filiberti.civ 3 Army Organizational...Structure Prof. Ed Filiberti 3715 edward.j.filiberti.civ 4 The Relationship of Joint and Army Planning Dr. Richard Meinhart 4797...Acquisition Management System - 2013 Army Force Management Model Command PLAN Commands ARNG, USAR AE2S TAEDP Structure and Composition System

  17. 光学标校技术在舰炮武器系统中的应用研究%Application of optical alignment calibration technique in naval gun weapon system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    In order to solve the problem that the alignment calibration method of aiming at stars in naval gun weapon system is easily influenced by the weather, an optical alignment calibration method with need of reference object for the integrated weapon system of radar (photoelectricity) and naval gun is proposed. The gun barrel axis is led out by the laser beam and translated parallel to the radar (photoelectricity) receiving window through the alignment optical module, then the angle difference between the radar axis and barrel gun axis is obtained to be calibrated. Test and experiment results show that the method is characterized by simple operation, high efficiency and real time, it has the alignment calibration error no more than 0. 5 mrad. This method is impacted less by the weather and environment conditions compared with the method of aiming at stars, and has a significant role to give full play to the operational effectiveness of gun weapon system.%为了解决舰炮武器系统瞄星标校受天气影响较大的问题,针对雷达(光电)与舰炮一体化的武器系统,提出了一种不需要参照物的光学标校方法.该方法用激光束将炮管轴线引出,通过不失调光学组件进行平行移动并进入雷达(光电)接收窗口,从而获得雷达(光电系统)轴线与炮管轴线的角度差并进行标校.测试与试验结果表明,该方法具有操作简便、效率高、适时性强、标校误差不大于0.5 mrad等特点,与描星方法标校相比,受天气、环境因素影响较小,对充分发挥舰炮武器系统的作战效能具有显著作用.

  18. An Adaptive H infinity Control Algorithm for Jitter Control and Target Tracking in a Directed Energy Weapon (United States)


    system, (2) free electron laser for weapons of mass destruction detection, (3) high power microwave weapon, (4) electric fiber weapon system, and (5...1980’s and 1990’s1. Free-space laser communication provides many advantages to traditional microwave communication: broader bandwidth, lower power...eliminate torsional and bending modes below approximately 200 Hz. The mass of the bread board is 71.3 kg. Figure 10 Newport Breadboard7 2.1.6

  19. History of Laser Weapon Research (United States)


    surgery/medicine, hair re- moval, presentation pointers, law enforcement, ranging and sighting devices, welding applications, and much more. Using...other laser technology develop- ments. The first chemical laser, hydrogen fluoride ( HF ), was built in 1965, producing 1 kW. It was then that DoD laser (HEL) weapons. In industry, the more powerful CO2 lasers are used for weld - ing, drilling, and cutting. There are many different types

  20. 小口径速射舰炮武器系统反导射击方法研究%Antimissile Firing Method Research of Minor-caliber Rapid,-firing Naval Gun Weapon System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘德耀; 孙朝江; 赵岩


    小口径速射舰炮受弹鼓容量及舰炮发射系统限制,一般不能在舰炮武器系统有效射击范围内全航路持续射击,这就要求对射击方法进行研究.应用蒙特卡洛法,在MATLAB软件平台上计算了小口径速射舰炮武器系统对匀速直线运动导弹的命中概率与弹丸相遇点距离间的关系,提出了以全航路最大概率命中导弹有效部位为基础制定射击终止点,反推射击起始点的射击方法,提高了舰炮武器系统在全航路射弹数限定条件下的命中概率;以舰炮武器系统跟踪器最大跟踪角速度限制因素为例,分析了导弹运动速度、航路捷径与射击区域的对应关系,并应用本方法对导弹典型航路的射击方案进行了仿真.仿真结果表明该方法在一定条件下能有效提高舰炮武器系统对导弹的全航路命中概率.%The magazine capacity and the launch system of naval gun are limit the minor-caliber rapid-firing naval gun to full-track continuous firing in the effective firing range of the naval gun weapon system, so we study the firing method. By means of Monte Carlo calculated the relationship between hit probability of minor-caliber rapid-firing naval gun weapon system on the missile of constant velocity movement and the distance of bullet meeting point in MATLAB. Based on full-track maximum probability hit the effective place of missile to set firing ending, to deduce firing beginning was presented and the method improved the hit probability of naval gun weapon system under the ammunition's limiting condition. Take the limiting factor of tracker's maximum tracking angular velocity as an example to analysis the relation of missile moving speed and track shortcut and firing area. And adopt this method to simulation the fire method of typical track of missile. Simulation results show that the method can effective increase full-track hit probability of naval gun weapon system on missile below some conditions.

  1. The use of the saber in the army of Napoleon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gevaert Bert


    Full Text Available Though Napoleonic warfare is usually associated with guns and cannons, edged weapons still played an important role on the battlefield. Swords and sabers could dominate battles and this was certainly the case in the hands of experienced cavalrymen. In contrast to gunshot wounds, wounds caused by the saber could be treated quite easily and caused fewer casualties. In 18th and 19th century France, not only manuals about the use of foil and epee were published, but also some important works on the military saber: de Saint Martin, Alexandre Muller… The saber was not only used in individual fights against the enemy, but also as a duelling weapon in the French army.

  2. Cooperative Security: A New Paradigm For A World Without Nuclear Weapons?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Finaud


    Full Text Available If there is a loose consensus on aiming at a world free of nuclear weapons in the future, there are clear oppositions as to the timeframe as well as the means for achieving this goal. The approach to nuclear disarmament followed to date has only yielded limited success because it has been conceived in isolation from global and regional security environments and threat perceptions. A new paradigm should thus be sought in order to reconcile nuclear powers’ security doctrines with global aspirations for a safer world, and ensure that nuclear powers derive their security less from others’ insecurity but from mutually beneficial cooperative security. This should not become a pretext for preserving nuclear weapons for ever. It will on the contrary require parallel tracks addressing the initial motivations for acquiring nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction (WMD, in particular in the context of regional conflicts, as well as dealing with the current issues necessarily related to nuclear disarmament (missile defence, weaponization of space, conventional imbalances and future weapon systems. Ultimately, in a globalised nuclear-weapon free world, state security will not require nuclear weapons because it will be inserted into a broader network encompass­ing all aspects of security addressed in cooperative and multilateral approaches.

  3. Army Science Board Ad Hoc Sub-Group Report on Energy Needs of the Army, (United States)


    and solar. The goal for the year 2000 is to reduce the use of natural petroleum by 75 percent and to replace natural gas with synthetic gas ( syngas ...example, one * goal states that (by 2000) syngas will replace natural gas. The Army has therefore programed efforts to Implement syngas tech- nologies at...the reactor would run at full capacity to make up for shortages and to allow the Army to meet expanded needs. The AHSG notes that such systems resolve

  4. The Total Army (United States)


    headquarters, but the acknowledged limitations reflect otherwise. This is even more concerning given “the Army strategy for global mission command of Army...above resembles a global security market , yet decisions are based on subjective estimates of risks, threats, and opportunities rather than objective...enthusiasm for new investments in blood and treasure. Yet the global security environment is one of growing complexity and danger, and the demand for an

  5. 基于使命和方法框架的武器装备体系结构建模%Stracture Modeling of Weapon Equipment System of Systems Based on Missions and Means Framework

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶国青; 舒宇; 葛冰峰; 陈英武


    针对武器装备体系的特点,提出一种基于使命和方法框架(Missions and Means Framework,MMF)的武器装备体系结构建模方法.MMF模型包含使命的确定、方法的分配和使命完成的评价.采用使命-方法框架对武器装备体系进行组织和描述.在自上而下的规划和决策过程中,实现了使命的确定和方法的分配,以数据要素的形式完成对武器装备体系结构模型的构建.并以"超地平线登陆"作战装备体系为例,验证了该方法的可行性.%To model the stracture of weapon equipment system-of-systems (WESoS), a new method based on the mission and means framework (MMF) is presented according to its characteristics. The MMF model comprises the specification of the mission. allocation of the means and assessment of the mission accomplishment. Using the MMF to organize and describe the WESoS, It addresses the structure modeling of the WESoS as a top-down planning and decision making process that accomplishes the specification of the missions and the allocation of the means in data element form. The case study of the over-the-horizon landing WESoS demonstrates the feasibility of the method.

  6. Optimization of Aimpoints for Coordinate Seeking Weapons (United States)


    process. The program works by first taking in the number of weapons used and arranging them in a fixed uniform spacing on a circle centered on the...MATLAB program is used as the coding tool for the development of this algorithm and the optimization process. The program works by first taking in the...number of weapons used and arranging them in a fixed uniform spacing on a circle centered on the assumed target location. Then, the weapon

  7. Army Logistician. Volume 39, Issue 2, March-April 2007 (United States)


    With over 90 fixed interrogators at key nodes throughout Iraq and the availability of the upgraded Standard Army Retail Sup- ply System (SARSS) at...not change or supersede official Army publications. The masculine pronoun may refer to either gender. Reprints: Articles may be reprinted with

  8. Home Guard socialism : a vision of a people's army


    Cullen, Stephen Michael


    With the fall of France in the summer of 1940, Britain was faced with the prospect of invasion and occupation. Britain’s comparatively small army was overstretched, and in dire need of expansion and re-equipment, having abandoned most of its modern equipment at Dunkirk. In these circumstances, the creation of the Local Defence Volunteers, later called the Home Guard, was a symbol of the country’s will to resist Nazi Germany. But the Home Guard lacked equipment, weapons, and training. To a lar...

  9. Competence is My Watchword: An Analysis of the Relationship between Competence and Character in the Army (United States)


    asserts that some individuals are able to avoid compliance with the new moral system and still manage to succeed within the organization.27 This is separated into two themes. First, that the Army does a poor job developing character, and second, that classroom training is 31 particularly...ineffective. Since the Army develops and implements the classroom training, these are combined into a single theme. 58 US Army, Army Doctrine

  10. A different kind of weapon focus: simulated training with ballistic weapons reduces change blindness


    Taylor, J. Eric T.; Witt, Jessica K.; Pratt, Jay


    Attentional allocation is flexibly altered by action-related priorities. Given that tools – and specifically weapons – can affect attentional allocation, we asked whether training with a weapon or holding a weapon during search would affect change detection. In three experiments, participants searched for changes to agents, shootable objects, or environments in the popular flicker paradigm. Participants trained with a simulated weapon or watched a video from the same training perspective and ...

  11. 地面武器机动工程创新实践教学体系建设%The Construction of Ground Mobile Weapons Engineering Innovation and Practice Teaching System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宏才; 闫清东


    Practice teaching plays an important role in improving the overall quality of students' innovative spirit and practical ability. To enhance the innovation and hands-on capability of undergraduates majored in ground mobile weapons engineering, an innovative practices teaching system featured with a combination of practical skill-training and innovation capacity-building in ground mobile weapons engineering was Set up, which combined the new development of the expertise and was based on modem technology and teaching philosophy. Provides a broad platform for independent design and development, the platform could help undergraduates their hands-on operation, expand training, simulation and design, which is extremely important to improve student learning and quality, practical and creative ability.%实践教学对于提高学生的综合素质、培养学生的创新精神和实践能力具有重要作用。为提升大学本科地面武器机动工程专业学生动手实践能力、创新能力,结合专业技术的新发展,依据现代技术和教育教学理念,建设实践技能锻炼和创新能力培养有机结合的地面武器机动工程专业创新实践教学体系。为大学生提供了动手操作、拓展训练、设计仿真和自主设计开发的广阔平台,对提高学生学习的兴趣和质量、实践能力和创新能力具有极其重要意义。

  12. Armas estratégicas e poder no sistema internacional: o advento das armas de energia direta e seu impacto potencial sobre a guerra e a distribuição multipolar de capacidades Strategic weapons and power in international system: the arise of direct energy weapons and their potential impact over the war and multipolar distribution of capabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrício Schiavo Ávila


    Full Text Available O pós-Guerra Fria (1991-2006 apresenta uma mudança significativa no cenário estratégico: a maior acessibilidade da tecnologia militar e o surgimento de novas armas capazes de modificar o poder coercitivo dos países - como as armas de energia direta - acabam pondo em xeque a ideia de que a primazia nuclear é condição suficiente para garantir a unipolaridade. Focando-se no atual recrudescimento das tensões entre EUA e Rússia - especialmente com a proposta norte-americana de implementação do Escudo Antimíssil no Leste Europeu - e analisando as relações de poder entre os três países, procuramos revelar que tipo de competição ocorrerá no sistema internacional nas próximas décadas. O presente artigo analisa as reais possibilidades de que a primazia nuclear norte-americana se torne efetiva, uma vez que, para tanto, é necessário o desarmamento estratégico das demais potências. Como uma guerra nuclear entre os três países possui um custo político muito elevado, as disputas tendem a ser decididas na esfera das operações. Para ilustrar esta última afirmação, usamos um cenário contrafactual de guerra nuclear limitada entre Estados Unidos, Rússia e China, por meio do qual tentamos evidenciar as precondições táticas e operacionais para uma eventual vitória da coalizão sino-russa.The evolution of the Post-Cold War (1991-2006 international system shows a significant amount of change regarding the strategic capabilities of United States, Russia, and China. The rise of a new class of strategic weapons called directed energy weapons (lasers and high power microwaves, as well as the great costs associated with the quest for nuclear primacy, demand closer examination of the current assumption about the links between nuclear primacy and unipolar distribution of power in the International System. Starting with the current tensions between US and Russia, we try to reveal in this article what kind of competition might be observed

  13. Design of Shore-range Psychotherapy and Self-service System for the Army%军人短程心理治疗自助系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵汉清; 过伟; 李宁; 余海鹰; 苏宗荣


    探索建立一套帮助部队心理医师进行短程心理治疗和自助维护军人心理健康的应用系统。短程心理治疗系统由访谈计划、相关作业和实验、诊断标准4个模块构成,通过20次访谈,根据情绪认知成长理论引导治疗者进行规范操作。心理自助系统由认识情绪、理解情绪和自助视频3个模块构成,根据认知原理对自己的负性情绪进行重新认识,并可正确地理解和帮助身边有心理疾病者。经部队心理医师使用可以顺利地完成治疗过程,并获得了较好的效果。自助系统经部队116个心理咨询室使用,可有效地缓解求助者的负性情绪。系统将临床心理医师的经验转化成容易掌握的治疗工具,且设计合理,展示形式多样,操作简单,携带方便,为部队开展专业化心理服务提供了一种实用的辅助工具。%Explore the establishment of a set of help troops psychological doctor to undertake short-term psychotherapy and application system for self-help of army soldier's mental health.Short term psychotherapy sys-tem is part for interview program, the related work and experimental, diagnostic classification and standard of 4 modules.Through the 20 interviews, to regulate the operation according to the cognitive development theory of emo-tion to guide therapy.Mental self-help system consists of understanding emotions, understanding emotions and video of 3 modules.According to the cognitive theory to re-know the negative emotions of their own, and correctly understand and help with mental disease patients.The army psychiatrist can successfully completed the course of treatment, and get good effect.Self-service system is used by 116 psychological consultation room, can effectively ease the negative emotional seeking help.The system changes psychological doctor's experience to easy treatment tool.The system has reasonable design, display a variety of forms, simple operation and

  14. 76 FR 1136 - Electroshock Weapons Test and Measurement Workshop (United States)


    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Electroshock Weapons Test and Measurement Workshop AGENCY..., academia, military, test instrument manufacturers, etc.) of electroshock weapons that provide stand-off... requirements for electroshock weapons, the Law Enforcement Standards Office (OLES) at NIST has...

  15. The Russian biological weapons program: vanished or disappeared? (United States)

    Shoham, Dany; Wolfson, Ze'ev


    The legacy and arsenal of biological weapons Russia inherited from USSR in 1991 became a lingering unsolved issue, in terms of a prime strategic arm that ought to be eliminated, advisably, in accordance with the Biological Weapons Convention Russia is committed to, and considering further undertakings and declarations made by the Russian regime. Indeed, that inheritance was created by USSR as a powerful, highly sophisticated component of utmost importance within the Soviet military paradigm, based on a wide spectrum of virulent, stabilized pathogens and toxins plus delivery systems. Moreover, remarkably advanced biotechnologies were thus applied to procure stockpiles of military-grade pathogens and toxins. Yet, an intriguing debate aroused with regard to the extent of the weaponized biological inventory accumulated by USSR, as well as the in effect attitude of Russia towards perpetuating or wiping out that inheritance. It turned out to form a far reaching and challenging complexity, both strategically and scientifically. The present study concentrates on the strategic as well as scientific spheres shaping that overall issue at large, attempting to thoroughly analyze it through an innovative methodology. One main conclusion thereby reached at is that the Russian military still poses a potential menance, in terms of both stockpiled, probably deployable biological weapons, and prevailing production capacities.

  16. Nuclear weapons, nuclear effects, nuclear war

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bing, G.F.


    This paper provides a brief and mostly non-technical description of the militarily important features of nuclear weapons, of the physical phenomena associated with individual explosions, and of the expected or possible results of the use of many weapons in a nuclear war. Most emphasis is on the effects of so-called ``strategic exchanges.``

  17. Color image fusion for concealed weapon detection

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Toet, A.


    Recent advances in passive and active imaging sensor technology offer the potential to detect weapons that are concealed underneath a person's clothing or carried along in bags. Although the concealed weapons can sometimes easily be detected, it can be difficult to perceive their context, due to the

  18. Overview of surplus weapons plutonium disposition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rudy, G.


    The safe disposition of surplus weapons useable plutonium is a very important and urgent task. While the functions of long term storage and disposition directly relate to the Department`s weapons program and the environmental management program, the focus of this effort is particularly national security and nonproliferation.

  19. Tasked and Ready: The Armys Commitment to the Better Buying Power Program (United States)


    adversaries as isolated as individual terrorists and as large as nation-states. Our portfolio must span aviation, ground vehicles, missiles, ammunition...and elimination of chemical and biological weapons. This breadth of portfolios coupled with significant fund- ing and manpower reductions posed by...programs of record, then examined ongoing sustainment needs from a total-life-cycle perspective . The Army continues to identify critical technolo- gies

  20. Childhood maltreatment and threats with weapons. (United States)

    Casiano, Hygiea; Mota, Natalie; Afifi, Tracie O; Enns, Murray W; Sareen, Jitender


    The relationship between childhood maltreatment and future threats with weapons is unknown. We examined data from the nationally representative National Comorbidity Survey Replication (n = 5692) and conducted multiple logistic regression analyses to determine the association between childhood maltreatment and lifetime behavior of threatening others with a gun or other weapon. After adjusting for sociodemographic variables, physical abuse, sexual abuse, and witnessing domestic violence were significantly associated with threats made with a gun (adjusted odds ratios [AOR] ranging between 3.38 and 4.07) and other weapons (AOR ranging between 2.16 and 2.83). The greater the number of types of maltreatment experienced, the stronger the association with lifetime threats made to others with guns and any weapons. Over 94% of respondents who experienced maltreatment and made threats reported that the maltreatment occurred prior to threatening others with weapons. Prevention efforts that reduce exposure to maltreatment may reduce violent behavior in later life.

  1. 基于任务的炮兵武器系统信息能力需求指标分析%Indexes Analysis of Artillery Weapon System Information Ability Requirements Based on Mission

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张庆捷; 吴柏林; 郑斌; 赵瑾


    Information ability is regarded as an important part of combat requirement demonstration of artillery weapon system. Based on artillery mission procedure of future combat model-reconnaissance strike integration, the definition of information ability is put forwarded, the continuation of mission flow is taken as the premier of information flow continuation is also made as the conclusion based on the guarantee of information quantity and quality. Thus the three parts of information ability requirements of artillery weapon system are taken as information support ability, information defense ability, and information attack ability. The requirements indexes system and the corresponding indexes of information support ability and information defense ability are mainly discussed based on the criterion and method of building indexes system.%信息能力是炮兵武器系统作战需求论证中的一个重要内容,分析了信息能力的内涵,依据炮兵的未来作战模式-侦察打击一体化作战的炮兵任务流程,从完成火力毁伤任务的角度,得出在保证用户所需信息数量、质量的基础上,信息流的连续是任务流连续的前提的结论。在这一结论下,提出了炮兵武器系统的信息能力需求包含信息支持能力、信息防护能力和信息攻击能力3个方面,从构建指标体系原则、方法出发,结合炮兵的任务和武器系统编成特点,重点研究了信息支持能力、信息防护能力的需求指标体系及相应的测评指标。

  2. Weapon-Centric Graphic Controller User Evaluation (United States)


    is accurate and moves faster. 1 Less jerky. 1 Trackball is quicker, and draws zig zag lines better. 1 Much better to work this than the joystick. 1...6218 1 DIRECTOR US ARMY RESEARCH LAB IMNE ALC HRR 2800 POWDER MILL RD ADELPHI MD 20783-1197 1 DIRECTOR US ARMY RESEARCH LAB...RDRL CIM L 2800 POWDER MILL RD ADELPHI MD 20783-1197 1 DIRECTOR US ARMY RESEARCH LAB RDRL CIM P 2800 POWDER MILL RD ADELPHI MD

  3. Air guns: toys or weapons? (United States)

    Aslan, Sahin; Uzkeser, Mustafa; Katirci, Yavuz; Cakir, Zeynep; Bilir, Ozlem; Bilge, Fatih; Cakir, Murtaza


    Air guns and blank guns may appear relatively harmless at first glance, but they are, in fact, potentially destructive, even lethal, weapons. Approximately 2 to 2.5 million nonpowder firearms are sold annually, and again approximately 12.9 per 100,000 population are treated for such injuries in hospital emergency departments each year in the United States. Unfortunately, these guns are considered to be a toy for children. Therefore, incidents of air gun injuries are gradually increasing. Although such injuries may initially be considered trivial, it may signify severe internal tissue pathologies. These apparently trivial injuries may have catastrophic consequences if unnoticed. In this study, we report 4 cases with head injury due to a shot by these guns. The cases indicate that these people had used the guns belonging to their parents for the purpose of suicide. The cases also show that these machines are not innocent.

  4. Electronic eyebox for weapon sights (United States)

    Szapiel, Stan; Greenhalgh, Catherine; Wagner, Kevin; Nobes, Ryan


    We expand the effective size of the eyebox of a magnified telescopic weapon sight by following the movements of the operator's eye to create a larger, `electronic eyebox'. The original eyebox of the telescope is dynamically relocated in space so that proper overlap between the pupil of the eye and the exit pupil of the device is maintained. Therefore, the operator will perceive the entire field of view of the instrument in a much bigger spatial region than the one defined by the original eyebox. Proof-of-the-concept results are presented with a more than 3.5X enlargement of the eyebox volume along with recommendations for the next phase of development.

  5. Taser and Conducted Energy Weapons. (United States)

    LeClair, Thomas G; Meriano, Tony


    It is clear that CEWs are an increasingly prevalent law enforcement tool, adopted to address a complex and challenging problem. The potential for serious injury from a single deployment of a CEW is extremely low. The debate regarding the link between these electrical weapons and sudden in-custody death is likely to continue because their use is often in complex and volatile situations. Any consideration of injuries has to be put into that context. One must also consider what injuries to a subject would result if an alternative force method was used. Furthermore, the potential benefits of CEWs, including reduction in injuries to the public and law-enforcement officers, need to be considered.

  6. Institutionalizing Sustainability into the Total Army (United States)


    same study found that, over a twenty-year period, the overall net savings for a green building is between $48.87 and $67.31 per square foot, depending...of solar power and alternative fuels, technology to design sustainable weapon systems and platforms, green building initiatives, EPA Energy Star...16 Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) is a green building rating system and the nationally accepted benchmark for the design

  7. Toward a nuclear weapons free world?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maaranen, S.A. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Center for International Security Affairs


    Doubts about the wisdom of relying on nuclear weapons are as old as nuclear weapons themselves. But despite this questioning, nuclear weapons came to be seen as the indispensable element of American (indeed Western) security during the Cold War. By the 1970s and 1980s, however, discontent was growing about the intense US-Soviet nuclear arms competition, as it failed to provide any enduring improvement in security; rather, it was seen as creating ever greater risks and dangers. Arms control negotiations and limitations, adopted as a means to regulate the technical competition, may also have relieved some of the political pressures and dangers. But the balance of terror, and the fears of it, continued. The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) under President Reagan was a very different approach to escaping from the precarious protection of nuclear weapons, in that it sought a way to continue to defend the US and the West, but without the catastrophic risks of mutual deterrence. As such, SDI connoted unhappiness with the precarious nuclear balance and, for many, with nuclear weapons in general. The disappearance of the Warsaw Pact, the disintegration of the Soviet Union, and the sudden end of the Cold War seemed to offer a unique opportunity to fashion a new, more peaceful world order that might allow for fading away of nuclear weapons. Scholars have foreseen two different paths to a nuclear free world. The first is a fundamental improvement in the relationships between states such that nuclear weapons are no longer needed. The second path is through technological development, e.g., missile defenses which could provide effective protection against nuclear attacks. The paper discusses nuclear weapon policy in the US, views of other nuclear states, the future of nuclear weapons, and issues in a less-nuclear world.

  8. An assessment of nondestructive testing technologies for chemical weapons monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taylor, T.T.


    The US Department of Energy (DOE), with the US Army Chemical Research, Development and Engineering Center (CRDEC) under the sponsorship of the Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA), completed testing of Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) technology on live agent systems. The tests were conducted at Tooele Army Depot during August 1992. The Nondestructive Evaluation systems were tested for potential use in verifying chemical treaty requirements. Five technologies, two neutron and three acoustic, were developed at DOE laboratories. Two systems from the United Kingdom (one neutron and one acoustic) were also included in the field trials. All systems tested showed the ability to distinguish among the VX, GB, and Mustard. Three of the systems (two acoustic and one neutron) were used by On-Site Inspection Agency (OSIA) personnel.

  9. 2007 Army Modernization Plan (United States)


    leaders grounded in leadership and fi eld cra , regardless of branch, who embody the Army Values and the Warrior Ethos and who are physically and...Survivability: “ Shoot and scoot” tactics; improved ballistic and NBC protection • Responsive fi res: Capable of fi ring within 45 seconds from a

  10. Women in the Army (United States)


    undoubtedly be included in the ultimate AFEES test package for future enlistees. The significance of this study effort, and ultimate value to the Army...FY. 2 2 PART 4 PROXOTIONS AND SELECTIONS Selection by. grade for promocion , command and advanced schooling are presented in this part. o Selections

  11. Weapon container catalog. Volumes 1 & 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, L.A.; Higuera, M.C.


    The Weapon Container Catalog describes H-gear (shipping and storage containers, bomb hand trucks and the ancillary equipment required for loading) used for weapon programs and for special use containers. When completed, the catalog will contain five volumes. Volume 1 for enduring stockpile programs (B53, B61, B83, W62, W76, W78, W80, W84, W87, and W88) and Volume 2, Special Use Containers, are being released. The catalog is intended as a source of information for weapon program engineers and also provides historical information. The catalog also will be published on the SNL Internal Web and will undergo periodic updates.

  12. [New challenges in the biological weapons convention]. (United States)

    Sissonen, Susanna; Raijas, Tiina; Haikala, Olli; Hietala, Heikki; Virri, Markku; Nikkari, Simo


    Microbes and their toxins are biological weapons that can cause disease in humans, animals or plants, and which can be used with hostile intent in warfare and terrorism. Biological agents can be used as weapons of mass destruction and therefore, immense human and social and major economical damage can be caused. Rapid development of life sciences and technologies during the recent decades has posed new challenges to the Biological Weapons Convention. The Convention states that the States Parties to the BWC strive to ensure that the Convention remains relevant and effective, despite changes in science, technology or politics.

  13. Advanced Naval Surface fire support weapon employment against mobile targets


    Le, Hung B.


    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited Key threat trends have identified shortfalls in Naval Surface Fire Support (NSFS), a mission area that is undergoing rapid evolution. The Navy's ability to effectively provide sea-based fire support to ground forces is profoundly challenged by mobile and reduced dwell time targets. Furthermore, longer range enemy weapon systems, which must be destroyed at greater ranges prior to their engagement of friendly forces, will make NSFS timel...

  14. Chemical Demilitarization Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives (Chem Demil-ACWA) (United States)


    access machines , two (2) rocket cutting and shearing lines, two (2) neutralization system sampling stations, and three (3) Supercritical Water Oxidation...Selected Acquisition Report (SAR) RCS: DD-A&T(Q&A)823-243 Chemical Demilitarization-Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives (Chem Demil-ACWA) As...Abbreviations for MDAP Programs Acq O&M - Acquisition-Related Operations and Maintenance ACAT - Acquisition Category ADM - Acquisition Decision

  15. 43 CFR 15.11 - Explosives and dangerous weapons. (United States)


    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Explosives and dangerous weapons. 15.11... § 15.11 Explosives and dangerous weapons. No person shall carry, use or possess within the Preserve... other kind of weapon potentially harmful to the reef structure. The use of such weapons from beyond...

  16. 36 CFR 2.4 - Weapons, traps and nets. (United States)


    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Weapons, traps and nets. 2.4... PROTECTION, PUBLIC USE AND RECREATION § 2.4 Weapons, traps and nets. (a)(1) Except as otherwise provided in... prohibited: (i) Possessing a weapon, trap or net (ii) Carrying a weapon, trap or net (iii) Using a...

  17. 36 CFR 1002.4 - Weapons, traps and nets. (United States)


    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Weapons, traps and nets. 1002... AND RECREATION § 1002.4 Weapons, traps and nets. (a)(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the following are prohibited: (i) Possessing a weapon, trap or net. (ii) Carrying a weapon, trap...

  18. 75 FR 7255 - Army Educational Advisory Committee (United States)


    ... Department of the Army Army Educational Advisory Committee AGENCY: Department of the Army, DoD. ACTION... CFR 102-3.150, the following meeting notice is announced: Name of Committee: U.S. Army War College Subcommittee of the Army Education Advisory Committee. Date of Meeting: March 11, 2010. Place of Meeting:...

  19. Army Communicator. Volume 31, Number 2, Spring 2006 (United States)


    see Army Commu- nicator article titled HF Combat Net Radio Lesson Learned Again, by David M. Fiedler , Spring 2004). Integrating more communications...year- round,” said Drew. According to Fred Porzio, project leader for this effort with PM DCATS’ Product Manager, Defense Wide Transmission Systems, the...Army Communicator 49 singling out Fred Porzio, the project lead for PM DWTS; Greg Parks, who designed the system for prime contractor Eaton/Powerware

  20. Army Materiel Requirements Documents: Qualitative Analysis of Efficiency and Effectiveness (United States)


    tough examination of the assumptions of our past and real ideas for change that solve issues,” said Paul Mann (personal communication, October 25...for Acquisition and Systems Management (U.S. Army) and Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology, Paul Mann / SES...Systems, and Michael Aldridge, J8 staff (Requirements Analyst, JUONS/ JEONS , Joint Capabilities Division). Interview questions used to collect data

  1. Grease versus Oil Lubrication of Wheel Bearings in Army Equipment. (United States)


    and David A. Brown 9. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME AND ADDRESS 10. PROGRAM ELEMENT, PROJECT, TASK Fuels and Lubricants Div, STRBE-VF; Materials, Fuels...I Commander-. M60 Tank Development US Army Troop Support Command US Army Tank-Automotive Command ATTN: DRSTS-M Bradely Fighting Vehicle Systems 4300...Mr. Layne) Program Planning, STRBE-HP Washington, DC 20362 Program Support, STRBE-HR Systems Analysis, STRBE-HA 2 Commander CIRCULATE David Taylor

  2. Weapons dismantlement issues in independent Ukraine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zack, N.R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Kirk, E.J. [American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC (United States)


    The American Association for the Advancement of Science sponsored a seminar during September 1993, in Kiev, Ukraine, entitled ``Toward a Nuclear Free Future -- Barriers and Problems.`` It brought together Ukrainians, Belarusians, and Americans to discuss the legal, political, safeguards and security, economic, and technical dimensions of nuclear weapons dismantlement and destruction. US representatives initiated discussions on legal and treaty requirements and constraints, safeguards and security issues surrounding dismantlement, storage and disposition of nuclear materials, warhead transportation, and economic considerations. Ukrainians gave presentations on arguments for and against the Ukraine keeping nuclear weapons, Ukrainian Parliament non-approval of START I, alternative strategies for dismantling silos and launchers, and economic and security implications of nuclear weapons removal from the Ukraine. Participants from Belarus discussed proliferation and control regime issues, This paper will highlight and detail the issues, concerns, and possible impacts of the Ukraine`s dismantlement of its nuclear weapons.

  3. Controlling Weapons-Grade Fissile Material (United States)

    Rotblat, J.


    Discusses the problems of controlling weapons-grade fissionable material. Projections of the growth of fission nuclear reactors indicates sufficient materials will be available to construct 300,000 atomic bombs each containing 10 kilograms of plutonium by 1990. (SL)

  4. Computational Challenges in Nuclear Weapons Simulation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McMillain, C F; Adams, T F; McCoy, M G; Christensen, R B; Pudliner, B S; Zika, M R; Brantley, P S; Vetter, J S; May, J M


    After a decade of experience, the Stockpile Stewardship Program continues to ensure the safety, security and reliability of the nation's nuclear weapons. The Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASCI) program was established to provide leading edge, high-end simulation capabilities needed to meet the program's assessment and certification requirements. The great challenge of this program lies in developing the tools and resources necessary for the complex, highly coupled, multi-physics calculations required to simulate nuclear weapons. This paper describes the hardware and software environment we have applied to fulfill our nuclear weapons responsibilities. It also presents the characteristics of our algorithms and codes, especially as they relate to supercomputing resource capabilities and requirements. It then addresses impediments to the development and application of nuclear weapon simulation software and hardware and concludes with a summary of observations and recommendations on an approach for working with industry and government agencies to address these impediments.

  5. Analysis of the possibility of applying a condition-based maintenance model on an example of tank weapons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor J. Epler


    Full Text Available For any modern army it is very important to continuously maintain a high degree of operational (combat readiness (availability in order to maximize the effectiveness of the use of technical systems. Since determination and prediction of technical states and failures of technical systems in engineering, especially in armament, are difficult due to the impossibility of continuous condition monitoring with appropriate measuring equipment there is a need for a maintenance model that would be most helpful in taking timely action maintenance. In this paper, the subject of research is a model of maintenance of the M-84 tank  weapoons systems.   IntroductionThe M-84 tank is one of the most promising technical systems in the Serbian Army. Its use and modifications are foreseen in the next ten years. The  M-84 is characterized by good tactical and technical characteristics. It has a powerful 125 mm cannon, coupled 7.62 mm machine gun and 12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun. The M-84 tank has an automatic battery charger and a fire control system. The fire control system enables fast target tracking and stabilization of the cannon barrel, which is a prerequisite for timely and favorable effect on the target. There are certain ambiguities in the existing model of maintenance of tank weapons.   Technical diagnostics Technical diagnostics, as a part of the process of condition-based maintenance, should determine technical conditions of components or technical systems with certain accuracy at a point in time.   Maintenance strategy A maintenance strategy can be defined as a variant of a maintenance system determined by a concept, organization and character of maintenance procedures, as well as the relationship between the various levels at which maintenance is performed. It is defined for technical system parts, individual technical systems and for system maintenance as a whole. The basic maintenance strategies implemented today are: -      corrective

  6. 基于混合扫描模型重构我国民企参军的政策体系%Reconstruction Policy System of the Private Enterprises’ Join the Army Based on Mixed-Scanning Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    混合扫描模型是在结合理性决策和渐进决策两种政策分析模式的基础上,发挥二者优点而形成的分析策略,既强调全面考察问题,又注重具体细节,是分析各领域政策运行及变迁的重要模型。我国民企参军的政策路径存在理性的不完善和制度的不灵活,以混合扫描模型重构我国民企参军的政策体系,从而为我国民企参军政策制定及未来规划提供全新视角和可行性对策,对扩大民企参军规模、推动我国军工市场发展具有重要意义。%Mixed‐scanning model is an analysis strategy based on a combination of the advantages of rational and progressive decision‐making .The model emphases on comprehensive study questions ,and highlight to pay attention to detail ,which is an important model to analyze the field of policy operation and change .The policy path of private enterprises’ join the army has imperfect rationality and inflexible system ,reconfigu‐ration the policy system of private enterprises’ join the army based on Mixed‐scanning model ,which can provide a new perspective and feasible countermeasures for policy change and future planning of private en‐terprises’ join the army ,and has an important significant to expand the scale of private enterprises ’ join the army and promote China’s military industry market development .

  7. 76 FR 6087 - Draft Weapons Safety Assessment on the Use of Enhanced Weapons; Notice of Availability and... (United States)


    ... COMMISSION 10 CFR Part 73 RIN 3150-AI49 Draft Weapons Safety Assessment on the Use of Enhanced Weapons... guidance document entitled ``Weapons Safety Assessment'' (WSA). This guidance would be used by licensees and certificate holders applying to the NRC to obtain enhanced weapons under the NRC's proposed...

  8. [Medical aspects of common non-lethal weapons]. (United States)

    Kunz, Sebastian Niko; Grove, Christina; Monticelli, Fabio


    The development and provision of non-lethal weapons (NLW) allow military and law enforcement personnel to exploit gradual engagement in countering potentially hazardous threats. Chemical, kinetic and electrical weapons systems are used to curb violence in civilian crowds. With inappropriate usage, these technologies can cause potentially fatal injuries that are not only of clinical, but also of legal relevance. In this context, the practicing physician is faced with treatment as well as assessment issues of new forms of injuries. In order to assure medical care and to be able to draw competent expert's conclusions, a detailed knowledge of the medical effects of these NLW is necessary. The review at hand presents today's most popular NLW and gives an overview of their possible injury potential and required treatments.

  9. Overall view of chemical and biochemical weapons. (United States)

    Pitschmann, Vladimír


    This article describes a brief history of chemical warfare, which culminated in the signing of the Chemical Weapons Convention. It describes the current level of chemical weapons and the risk of using them. Furthermore, some traditional technology for the development of chemical weapons, such as increasing toxicity, methods of overcoming chemical protection, research on natural toxins or the introduction of binary technology, has been described. In accordance with many parameters, chemical weapons based on traditional technologies have achieved the limit of their development. There is, however, a big potential of their further development based on the most recent knowledge of modern scientific and technical disciplines, particularly at the boundary of chemistry and biology. The risk is even higher due to the fact that already, today, there is a general acceptance of the development of non-lethal chemical weapons at a technologically higher level. In the future, the chemical arsenal will be based on the accumulation of important information from the fields of chemical, biological and toxin weapons. Data banks obtained in this way will be hardly accessible and the risk of their materialization will persist.

  10. Overall View of Chemical and Biochemical Weapons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimír Pitschmann


    Full Text Available This article describes a brief history of chemical warfare, which culminated in the signing of the Chemical Weapons Convention. It describes the current level of chemical weapons and the risk of using them. Furthermore, some traditional technology for the development of chemical weapons, such as increasing toxicity, methods of overcoming chemical protection, research on natural toxins or the introduction of binary technology, has been described. In accordance with many parameters, chemical weapons based on traditional technologies have achieved the limit of their development. There is, however, a big potential of their further development based on the most recent knowledge of modern scientific and technical disciplines, particularly at the boundary of chemistry and biology. The risk is even higher due to the fact that already, today, there is a general acceptance of the development of non-lethal chemical weapons at a technologically higher level. In the future, the chemical arsenal will be based on the accumulation of important information from the fields of chemical, biological and toxin weapons. Data banks obtained in this way will be hardly accessible and the risk of their materialization will persist.

  11. Manual for national implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kellman, B. [DePaul Univ., Chicago, IL (United States); Tanzman, E.A.; Gualtieri, D.S.; Grimes, S.W. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)


    The Convention on the Prohibition on the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction, opened for signature, January 13, 1993, in Paris, France (CWC), is an unprecedented multilateral effort to eradicate an entire category of weapons of mass destruction and assure their continued absence through international verification. The CWC has been signed by over 150 nations, and is expected to enter into force in 1995. With its far-reaching system to verify compliance, the CWC presages a new foundation for international security based neither on fear nor on trust, but on the rule of law. A central feature of the CWC is that it requires each State Party to take implementing measures to make the Convention operative. The CWC goes beyond all prior arms control treaties in this regard. For this approach to succeed, and to inspire the eradication of other categories of mass destruction weaponry, coordination and planning are vital to harmonize CWC national implementation among States Parties. This Manual for National Implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention is designed to assist States Parties, duly taking into account the distinctive aspects of their legal systems, in maximizing CWC enforcement consistent with their national legal obligations.


    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    The program of the Atomic Energy Commission on environmental contamination from weapons tests is designed for the overall evaluation of the hazard to humans from test operations. It is limited to studies of the deposition of activity at long range rather than the problems associated with immediate, close-in fallout. The program has largely been a study of Sr{sup 90}, since considerations based on experience and measurement indicate that it is the isotope of greatest potential hazard. Data are presented pertinent to the monitoring of long-range fallout, particularly Sr{sup 90} and Cs{sup 137}. Values are tabulated for the fallout deposition, air concentrations, water concentrations, and the amounts in foods and human bone. In addition, results are given for some experimental investigations. The report of these results is not interpretative although certain papers that do attempt to interpret the present situation with respect to Sr{sup 90} in particular are reprinted. Bibliographies are presented covering the period since the 1957 hearings before the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy concerning the nature of radioactive fallout and its effects on man. A document list of submissions to the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation is given to illustrate the work done in other countries. Several papers on the subject, which have not been generally available, are reprinted.

  13. The bioscience revolution & the biological weapons threat: levers & interventions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Greg


    Full Text Available Abstract In December 2008, the US Commission on the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism, released a report, World At Risk. The Report points to the fact that, not only is the use of a weapon of mass destruction in a terrorist attack before the end of 2013, more likely than not, but also to the fact that terrorists are more likely to be able to obtain and use biological weapons than nuclear. This paper examines the recommendations of the report in the context of the historic and geopolitical changes, in particular globalization. The authors highlight the "dual-use" dilemma, as described in the report, as the paradoxical use of technology developed for the benefit of mankind being used for sinister purposes. The mitigation of such a threat lies in broad stakeholder involvement and cooperation, including non-state actors, governments and the bio-tech industry itself. The importance of vigilance measures within the life science community is emphasized and, the authors propose, could include a web-based didactic course in bioterrorism and weapons of mass destruction identification. The site could outline safety protocols, have detailed disaster management tutorials, and could be specifically tailored for different subsets of industry and health professionals. The paper concludes with an endorsement of a multi-pronged approach including strong international guidelines and intelligence cooperation and preparatory measures such as the wide-spread use of detection systems as well as diagnostic decision support systems for bioterrorism detection at the local level.

  14. Virtualization of AEGIS: A Study of the Feasibility of Applying Open Architecture Technology to the Surface Navy’s Most Complex Automated Weapon System (United States)


    diagnostics system. Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE , 9(2), 40–45. Current version released August 2002 in IEEE Xplore . doi: 10.1109...Cramming more components onto integrated circuits. Electronics, 114–117. Reprinted January 1998 in Proceedings of the IEEE , 86(1), 82–85. doi: S 0018

  15. Thought on Weapons and Equipments Research and Production in Civil-military Integrated Development%武器装备科研生产军民融合式发展思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵洪利; 李睿


    Constructing the civil-military integrated weapons and equipments research and production system is the necessary requisition for implementing history mission effectively of the army in new century and wining local war in informational condition.The civil-military integrated development of weapons and equipments research and production is deeply researched,some measures and suggestion are brought forward from four ways such as breaking industry bulwark,unifying military and civil standards,erecting intercommunicative flat and completing run mechanism.%建立军民融合、寓军于民的武器装备科研生产体系,是有效履行新世纪新阶段我军历史使命、打赢信息化条件下局部战争的必然要求.从打破行业壁垒、统一军民标准、搭建互动平台、完善运行机制4个方面对武器装备科研生产军民融合式发展进行了深入探讨,并提出了措施建议.

  16. Designing and implementing the Army Nursing Leader Academy. (United States)

    Dunemn, Kathleen; Hopkins-Chadwick, Denise L; Connally, Tina; Bramley, Kelly


    In 2008, the Chief of the Army Nurse Corps directed a thorough review of existing training programs available to and provided for Army Nursing personnel for the development of full-spectrum leaders for Army Nursing. The review provided the gap analysis necessary to restructure courses provided by the Department of Nursing Science at the Army Medical Department Center and School. This new grouping of courses is referred to as the Army Nursing Leader Academy. The Army Nursing Leader Academy is the first of its kind in that it addresses career-long learning of all Army Nursing by focusing on building skills, knowledge, and behaviors to produce sustainable, full-spectrum leaders. The Nursing Leader Academy consists of a series of sequential nurse leader development courses combined with a web based resource center. Grounded in the Patient CaringTouch System, guided by nurse competencies, and gauged by the Leader Capabilities Map, the Nursing Leader Academy provides learning that is relevant and timely designed to reinforce enterprise values and culture to ensure readiness for successive roles and positions. Full implementation of the Nursing Leader Academy will include the evidence-based elements of formal schooling, coaching, self-development, functional/technical (competency attainment), and professional experiences.

  17. Hydrogeologic characteristics and water quality of a confined sand unit in the surficial aquifer system, Hunter Army Airfield, Chatham County, Georgia (United States)

    Gonthier, Gerard J.


    An 80-foot-deep well (36Q397, U.S. Geological Survey site identification 320146081073701) was constructed at Hunter Army Airfield to assess the potential of using the surficial aquifer system as a water source to irrigate a ballfield complex. A 300-foot-deep test hole was drilled beneath the ballfield complex to characterize the lithology and water-bearing characteristics of sediments above the Upper Floridan aquifer. The test hole was then completed as well 36Q397 open to a 19-foot-thick shallow, confined sand unit contained within the surficial aquifer system. A single-well, 24-hour aquifer test was performed by pumping well 36Q397 at a rate of 50 gallons per minute during July 13-14, 2011, to characterize the hydrologic properties of the shallow, confined sand unit. Two pumping events prior to the aquifer test affected water levels. Drawdown during all three pumping events and residual drawdown during recovery periods were simulated using the Theis formula on multiple changes in discharge rate. Simulated drawdown and residual drawdown match well with measured drawdown and residual drawdown using values of horizontal hydraulic conductivity and specific storage, which are typical for a confined sand aquifer. Based on the hydrologic parameters used to match simulated drawdown and residual drawdown to measured drawdown and residual drawdown, the transmissivity of the sand was determined to be about 400 feet squared per day. The horizontal hydraulic conductivity of the sand was determined to be about 20 feet per day. Analysis of a water-quality sample indicated that the water is suitable for irrigation. Sample analysis indicated a calcium-carbonate type water having a total dissolved solids concentration of 39 milligrams per liter. Specific conductance and concentrations of all analyzed constituents were below those that would be a concern for irrigation, and were below primary and secondary water-quality criteria levels.

  18. Army Leader Transitions Handbook (United States)


    to improving the organization. The following are some effective methods and a compilation of techniques and considerations which have been used... improve your understanding of the environment. Outgoing Leader’s Assessment An important item to obtain from the current leader is a list of key contacts...The courseware allows users to tailor training materials to specific needs. Users access this at the CAL AKO website or Army eLearning https

  19. Army Strong, Superintendent Savvy (United States)

    Mellon, Ericka


    Brigadier General Anthony "Tony" Tata of the U.S. Army had one of those "ah-ha" moments in April 2006 when, on the eve of an operation he was heading in Afghanistan, an Al Qaeda rocket shattered a nearby school. The attack killed a teacher and seven students and wounded dozens more. The rocket incident eventually nudged Tata toward a new mission:…

  20. The Army Lawyer (United States)


    Fired at Fleeing Cars, Soldiers Say, WASH. POST, Oct. 12, 2007, at A1 (quoting Major General (MG) Joseph Fil , Commander of 1st Cavalry Division, as...saying, “It’s yet another challenge, another setback.”). 32 See generally id. (quoting MG Joseph Fil as saying in reference to the incidents of PSC...Prosecutors Research Institute 99 Canal Center Plaza, Suite 510 Alexandria, VA 22313 (703) 549-9222 JULY 2008 • THE ARMY LAWYER

  1. Global Strategies for Optimizing the Reliability and Performance of U.S. Army Mobile Power Transfer Systems (United States)


    vehicle platform itself, but to external systems and platforms. All power systems can be connected wirelessly, or through a microgrid . Therefore...restoration and contingency operations. Because a microgrid is designed for a period of time, our optimization problem considers factors such as operate, maintenance, reliability, repair time and logistics. This paper also focuses on optimizing the vehicle- microgrid system using these

  2. Combat Effectiveness Analysis of a Certain Self-Propelled Cannon-Howitzer Weapon System(Battalion Level)%某型自行加榴炮武器系统(营级)作战效能分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢漪; 许梅生


      通过对某型自行加榴炮系统(营级)作战任务剖面分析,给出在一次典型战斗过程中炮兵营系统的作战流程。采用ADC模型,对该型武器系统(营级)初始可用度、各节点可信度以及作战能力向量进行量化分析;并把武器系统的状态在执行任务过程中的变化看成是时间连续的马氏链,进而求取炮兵营在执行任务过程中作战效能的变化,为炮兵营作战行动提供科学依据。%Based on the analysis of one classical combat flow of Artillery Camp system on the combat mission section of a certain self-propelled cannon-howitzer. With the ADC model,it analyses particular iy and calculations on primary availability degree,node reliability and combat capacity about Artillery Camp;And take the appearance of the weapon system in the mission process as continuous-time Markov Chain,The change of combat effectiveness is attained during a little time as Artillery Camp implementing mission at final. The result will offer scientific proving for combat maneuver of Artillery Camp.

  3. A Case for Enlisted Unmanned Aerial System Operators (United States)


    Abrams main battle tank is a very good weapons system to compare to the primary Air Force UAS, the MQ-1 Predator. The M1A1/2 Abrams main battle tank...the case of close air support targets. Given that the Army has less than 5,000 Abrams tanks in its inventory, it could also adopt a policy that only...Air Command and Staff College, April 1984. Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for FY2001. Public Law 106-398, Section 220. 114 Stat




    Optimal features for concealed carry weapons. The specificity of jobs and tasks that require concealed carrying of weapons by officials require specific criteria when choosing personal weapons specialist.

  5. U.S. Nuclear Weapons Modernization - the Stockpile Life Extension Program (United States)

    Cook, Donald


    Underground nuclear testing of U.S. nuclear weapons was halted by President George H.W. Bush in 1992 when he announced a moratorium. In 1993, the moratorium was extended by President Bill Clinton and, in 1995, a program of Stockpile Stewardship was put in its place. In 1996, President Clinton signed the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). Twenty years have passed since then. Over the same time, the average age of a nuclear weapon in the stockpile has increased from 6 years (1992) to nearly 29 years (2015). At its inception, achievement of the objectives of the Stockpile Stewardship Program (SSP) appeared possible but very difficult. The cost to design and construct several large facilities for precision experimentation in hydrodynamics and high energy density physics was large. The practical steps needed to move from computational platforms of less than 100 Mflops/sec to 10 Teraflops/sec and beyond were unknown. Today, most of the required facilities for SSP are in place and computational speed has been increased by more than six orders of magnitude. These, and the physicists and engineers in the complex of labs and plants within the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) who put them in place, have been the basis for underpinning an annual decision, made by the weapons lab directors for each of the past 20 years, that resort to underground nuclear testing is not needed for maintaining confidence in the safety and reliability of the U.S stockpile. A key part of that decision has been annual assessment of the physical changes in stockpiled weapons. These weapons, quite simply, are systems that invariably and unstoppably age in the internal weapon environment of radioactive materials and complex interfaces of highly dissimilar organic and inorganic materials. Without an ongoing program to rebuild some components and replace other components to increase safety or security, i.e., life extending these weapons, either underground testing would again be

  6. Depleted-Uranium Weapons the Whys and Wherefores

    CERN Document Server

    Gsponer, A


    The only military application in which present-day depleted-uranium (DU) alloys out-perform tungsten alloys is long-rod penetration into a main battle-tank's armor. However, this advantage is only on the order of 10% and disappearing when the comparison is made in terms of actual lethality of complete anti-tank systems instead of laboratory-type steel penetration capability. Therefore, new micro- and nano-engineered tungsten alloys may soon out-perform existing DU alloys, enabling the production of tungsten munition which will be better than uranium munition, and whose overall life-cycle cost will be less due to the absence of the problems related to the radioactivity of uranium. The reasons why DU weapons have been introduced and used are analysed from the perspective that their radioactivity must have played an important role in the decision making process. It is found that DU weapons belong to the diffuse category of low-radiological-impact nuclear weapons to which emerging types of low-yield, i.e., fourth...

  7. The Proposal of Demand Estimation of Repairable Items for the Weapon Systems During the Initial Support Period: F-16 Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahtiyar Eren


    Full Text Available Every country that has military systems such as aircraft, radar, warship or tank has to meet the operational needs of those military systems in order to keep them ready for military operations. Logistics support needs are defined basically either before or after procurement. If they are defined before procurement, they are called "initial support requirement", otherwise called "sustainment support requirement". Due to the fact that new system will be added into the Turkish military inventory, it is focused on the initial support requirement phase. In addition to that, it is focused on repairable items since most of the material acquisition cost within the initial support budget is allocated to repairable items. In this study, within the scope of initial support requirements,the method that produces much better results in terms of quantity and cost perspective than the ones used in Turkey and USA is established and demonstrated by using real data set of F-16.

  8. Phenomenology and system engineering of micro- and nano-antenna FPA sensors for detection of concealed weapons and improvised explosive devices (United States)

    Appleby, R.; Ferguson, S.


    The ability of millimetre wave and terahertz systems to penetrate clothing is well known. The fact that the transmission of clothing and the reflectivity of the body vary as a function of frequency is less so. Several instruments have now been developed to exploit this capability. The choice of operating frequency, however, has often been associated with the maturity and the cost of the enabling technology rather than a sound systems engineering approach. Top level user and systems requirements have been derived to inform the development of design concepts. Emerging micro and nano technology concepts have been reviewed and we have demonstrated how these can be evaluated against these requirements by simulation using OpenFx. Openfx is an open source suite of 3D tools for modeling, animation and visualization which has been modified for use at millimeter waves.

  9. Color image fusion for concealed weapon detection (United States)

    Toet, Alexander


    Recent advances in passive and active imaging sensor technology offer the potential to detect weapons that are concealed underneath a person's clothing or carried along in bags. Although the concealed weapons can sometimes easily be detected, it can be difficult to perceive their context, due to the non-literal nature of these images. Especially for dynamic crowd surveillance purposes it may be impossible to rapidly asses with certainty which individual in the crowd is the one carrying the observed weapon. Sensor fusion is an enabling technology that may be used to solve this problem. Through fusion the signal of the sensor that depicts the weapon can be displayed in the context provided by a sensor of a different modality. We propose an image fusion scheme in which non-literal imagery can be fused with standard color images such that the result clearly displays the observed weapons in the context of the original color image. The procedure is such that the relevant contrast details from the non-literal image are transferred to the color image without altering the original color distribution of this image. The result is a natural looking color image that fluently combines all details from both input sources. When an observer who performs a dynamic crowd surveillance task, detects a weapon in the scene, he will also be able to quickly determine which person in the crowd is actually carrying the observed weapon (e.g. "the man with the red T-shirt and blue jeans"). The method is illustrated by the fusion of thermal 8-12 μm imagery with standard RGB color images.

  10. Army Sustainment. Volume 41, Issue 5, September-October 2009 (United States)


    redis - tribute it where it is needed. We’re changing how we develop new vehicles, so instead of enumerating a variety of specifications that say a...classified environment. Integrating SMS With Existing Army Databases SMS is a web-enabled database management system that is structured to meet the...organizational priorities and goals for balancing the Army. SMS can automate the input of all performance data directly from source databases . For

  11. Fundamental Capability Portfolio Management: A Study of Developing Systems with Implications for Army Research and Development Strategy (United States)


    The Airborne Standoff Minefield Detection System required the most development funds over time, while the .338 Norma Magnum Lightweight Medium... Norma  Magnum Lightweight Medium  Machine Gun LWMMG 0.25 1 Procured System Name Total  Fiscal  Years RDT&E RDT&E Total  $ MillionsDesignation...Initial Procurement Lightweight Machine Gun (LSAS LMG) M249 Light Machine Gun Weight Reduction In Development 338 Norma Magnum Lightweight

  12. Army Workload and Performance System: Actions Needed to Complete Assessment of Unnecessary Overlap with Logistics Modernization Program (United States)


    and Deputy Commanding General directed that a plan be developed to “ sunset ,” or retire, AWPS and transition its functionality to another system...tasked to prepare a plan to sunset AWPS, but the functionality of the system must remain available to users. The AWPS project team’s efforts will...depends on the number of pages in the publication and whether the publication is printed in color or black and white. Pricing and ordering information

  13. An analysis of the U.S. Army's T-11 Advanced Tactical Parachute System and potential path forward


    Brown, Joseph W.; Brown, Mindy A.


    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited Since the fielding of the T-11 Advanced Tactical Parachute System (ATPS) in 2009, nine paratroopers have died utilizing this parachute and its reserve, causing several senior military officials to question the design, safety, and effectiveness of the new parachute system. Several tests and studies were commissioned in response, subsequently concluding that the T-11 parachute has a reduced number of paratrooper jump-related injuries com...

  14. Army-NASA aircrew/aircraft integration program. Phase 5: A3I Man-Machine Integration Design and Analysis System (MIDAS) software concept document (United States)

    Banda, Carolyn; Bushnell, David; Chen, Scott; Chiu, Alex; Neukom, Christian; Nishimura, Sayuri; Prevost, Michael; Shankar, Renuka; Staveland, Lowell; Smith, Greg


    This is the Software Concept Document for the Man-machine Integration Design and Analysis System (MIDAS) being developed as part of Phase V of the Army-NASA Aircrew/Aircraft Integration (A3I) Progam. The approach taken in this program since its inception in 1984 is that of incremental development with clearly defined phases. Phase 1 began in 1984 and subsequent phases have progressed at approximately 10-16 month intervals. Each phase of development consists of planning, setting requirements, preliminary design, detailed design, implementation, testing, demonstration and documentation. Phase 5 began with an off-site planning meeting in November, 1990. It is expected that Phase 5 development will be complete and ready for demonstration to invited visitors from industry, government and academia in May, 1992. This document, produced during the preliminary design period of Phase 5, is intended to record the top level design concept for MIDAS as it is currently conceived. This document has two main objectives: (1) to inform interested readers of the goals of the MIDAS Phase 5 development period, and (2) to serve as the initial version of the MIDAS design document which will be continuously updated as the design evolves. Since this document is written fairly early in the design period, many design issues still remain unresolved. Some of the unresolved issues are mentioned later in this document in the sections on specific components. Readers are cautioned that this is not a final design document and that, as the design of MIDAS matures, some of the design ideas recorded in this document will change. The final design will be documented in a detailed design document published after the demonstrations.

  15. [The historical experience of therapeutic service in the Army and Navy during the Great Patriotic War]. (United States)

    Ovchinnikov, Yu V


    The author presents the experience of therapeutic services of the army and navy during the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945) and its importance for the present. This experience became a-general methodological framework-for the development of principles for the organization of work of military physicians in a modern warfare and the application of new weapons. The history of development, aims and objectives of the new section of Military Medicine--the Military Field Therapy as a unified system of organization and delivery of health care to servicemen based on the principles of a unified military field medical doctrine. A problem of organization of new health facilities (hospitals, hospital databases), their acquisition of trained personnel, especially the structure of internal medicine in the war years, the treatment and the early rehabilitation of wounded and sick, between the military and civilian medical institutions-is highlighted. There is an information that 90.6%, or more than 6.5 million soldiers and officers who were treated in hospitals with various diseases, were returned to duty. The experience of the medical service in World War II and the actual demand and is now planning for a package of measures aimed at further improvement of the health status of military-personnel.

  16. Haines Board: A Review of Army School System for Officer Education and Training. USAIS Position. Volume 1 and Factual Data. Volume 2 (United States)


    missions, functions, and problems, Administrative details of arrival anti departure cimes and billeting requirements will be sent by message in the...approximately 6i years of active Army duty to include about Z. 5 years with troops. B. What is the gene ral ksgntn atr of gtraduates 4f the( career course? i

  17. 77 FR 72336 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records (United States)


    ... Liaison Officer, Department of Defense. Deletion: A0215-2a CFSC System name: Army Club Membership Files... Centers or at clubs in the Army; therefore, the A0215-2a CFSC, Army Club Membership Files system of... Department of the Army Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records AGENCY: Department of the Army, DoD....

  18. Research on Life Determination and Extension of Missile Weapon System Based on Multilevel Finite Element%基于多级有限元方法的导弹武器定寿延寿研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常新龙; 张有宏; 岳春国; 余堰峰; 刘万雷


    提出了多级有限元的概念,将导弹结构定寿延寿工作划分为3个有限元分析步骤进行,在有限元分析的过程中考虑了导弹结构原始状态、老化缺陷状态及修理/换件的影响,对导弹结构强度及剩余寿命进行了科学准确的评判.利用该理论对含有老化和裂纹等损伤因素的药柱结构质量状态和对出现的裂纹损伤进行修复的效果进行了评价.结果表明,该方法科学合理,可为导弹武器系统定寿延寿工作提供一定的理论参考.%The concept of multilevel finite element was presented. The life determination and extension of missile structure was divided to three finite element analysis steps. In the finite element analysis, the influence of original state, weathering state, and repair or replacement of missile structure was considered. The structural strength and residual life of missile structure was estimated exactly. Using this method, the quality state of grain considering factors such as aging and crack damage and the effect of repair for crack damage were evaluated. The results showed that this method is scientific and can provide a reference for life determination and extension of missile weapon system.

  19. A Strategic Approach to Optimizing the U.S. Army’s Aeromedical Evacuation System in Afghanistan (United States)


    and providing various other health and preventive medicine services. Furthermore, the HSS system incorporates the maximum use of emerging technology...Priorities: The Priority Queuing Covering Location Problem.” Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnologia . Snyder, L. (2006) Facility Location Under

  20. A Business Case Analysis to Determine the Feasibility of a Scrub Management System at Brooke Army Medical Center (United States)


    Designated Areas lor Scrub Issue i : FHSI 2. I West ?. Cardiac Cath Lab> 4. Cardiology Radiology 5. Centralized Materiel Services 6. CCUs...Scrub Management System 37 BAMC Memo 52-2 4-. Neiirosnrgciy Clinic 15. Bum Tinuma Unit 46 Cinq Rullis -4". 9J V School -IS. Veterinary Clinic

  1. 日本从军“慰安妇”制度的极端隐秘性%Ultimate Crypticity of the System of Comfort Women in Japanese Army

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    近代日本从军“慰安妇”制度极其重要的特征是它的极端隐秘性。它是在日本军方和政府的高度默契“合作”下得以实现的。这些“合作”,主要体现在日军征集“慰安妇”时,政府对其征集者和被征“慰安妇”采取简化出国手续等各个方面的“特殊照顾”。其极端隐秘性,主要表现在日本军方与政府间事关“慰安妇”的文件均以不同密级严格保密、对“慰安所”事务管理的极其严密和阻断与外部的联系,甚至对“慰安妇”杀人灭口以掩藏罪行等各个方面。由于其极端的隐秘性,日本从军“慰安妇”问题诸多真相至今仍被掩藏。%The most important feature of the modern system of comfort women in imperial Japanese army was its ultimate crypticity which was realized under secret agreement and cooperation between Japanese army and Japanese government. This cooperation mainly refers to the privilege provided by Japanese government for Japanese army in recruiting comfort women. It was elusive that all the documents signed between Japanese army and Japanese government about comfort women were highly confidential, military comfort stations were strictly managed and some comfort women were even killed secretly for concealing the crimes of Japanese army. Its ultimate crypticity has been preventing a lot of truth from being revealed.

  2. Near-field millimeter-wave imaging for weapon detection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sheen, D.M.; McMakin, D.L.; Collins, H.D.; Hall, T.E.


    Various millimeter-wave imaging systems capable of imaging through clothing for the detection of contraband metal, plastic, or ceramic weapons, have been developed at PNL. Two dimensional scanned holographic systems, developed at 35, 90, and 350 GHz, are used to obtain high resolution images of metal and plastic targets concealed by clothing. Coherent single-frequency amplitude and phase data, which is gathered over a two-dimensional scanned aperture, is reconstructed to the target plane using a holographic wavefront reconstruction technique. Practical weapon detection systems require high-speed scanning. To achieve this goal, a 35 GHz linear sequentially switched array has been built and integrated into a high speed linear scanner. This system poses special challenges on calibration / signal processing of the holographic system. Further, significant improvements in speed are required to achieve real time operation. Toward this goal, a wideband scanned system which allows for a two-dimensional image formation from a one-dimensional scanned (or array) system has been developed . Signal / image processing techniques developed and implemented for this technique are a variation on conventional synthetic aperture radar (SAR) techniques which eliminate far-field and narrow bandwidth requirements. Performance of this technique is demonstrated with imaging results obtained from a K[sub a]-band system.

  3. Near-field millimeter-wave imaging for weapon detection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sheen, D.M.; McMakin, D.L.; Collins, H.D.; Hall, T.E.


    Various millimeter-wave imaging systems capable of imaging through clothing for the detection of contraband metal, plastic, or ceramic weapons, have been developed at PNL. Two dimensional scanned holographic systems, developed at 35, 90, and 350 GHz, are used to obtain high resolution images of metal and plastic targets concealed by clothing. Coherent single-frequency amplitude and phase data, which is gathered over a two-dimensional scanned aperture, is reconstructed to the target plane using a holographic wavefront reconstruction technique. Practical weapon detection systems require high-speed scanning. To achieve this goal, a 35 GHz linear sequentially switched array has been built and integrated into a high speed linear scanner. This system poses special challenges on calibration / signal processing of the holographic system. Further, significant improvements in speed are required to achieve real time operation. Toward this goal, a wideband scanned system which allows for a two-dimensional image formation from a one-dimensional scanned (or array) system has been developed . Signal / image processing techniques developed and implemented for this technique are a variation on conventional synthetic aperture radar (SAR) techniques which eliminate far-field and narrow bandwidth requirements. Performance of this technique is demonstrated with imaging results obtained from a K{sub a}-band system.

  4. Hydrolytic Stability Study of Tetranitroglycoluri (TNGU) Produced via the US Army Research Laboratory’s Synthetic Method (United States)


    US Army Research Laboratory’s Synthetic Method by William M Sherrill, Eric J Bukowski , and Terry L Piatt Approved for public...Laboratory’s Synthetic Method by William M Sherrill, Eric J Bukowski , and Terry L Piatt Weapons and Materials Research Directorate...PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) William M Sherrill, Eric J Bukowski , and Terry L Piatt 5d. PROJECT NUMBER AH43 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK

  5. The Army Profession: A Narrative (United States)


    profile cases of alleged misconduct” were symptomatic of “a much larger issue affecting the armed forces.”9 In the Associated Press, Lolita Baldor...Science: An Academic Discipline." Army Magazine, no. 5 (May 2005): 14-15. Baldor, Lolita C. and Michael Biesecker. "US Army Brigadier General

  6. Army Gas-Cooled Reactor Systems Program. Operation of ML-1 reactor skid in GCRE: safety evaluation report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    The operation of the ML-1 reactor skid in the modified GCRE facility, utilizing the GCRE reactor coolant circulating and heat removal systems, is described. An evaluation of the safety considerations associated with this mode of operation indicates that the consequences of the maximum credible accident are less severe than those previously approved for operation of the ML-1 reactor at the ML-1 test site or for operation of the GCRE-I reactor in the GCRE facility.

  7. 基于RFID部队考勤报警系统%Attendance alarm system based on RFID for Army

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁浩; 樊同亮


    随着科技进步和部队现代化程度的大大提高,部队考勤系统越来越智能化。文章设计了基于无线射频识别技术的考勤报警系统,采用 STC89C52单片机作为主控器,由 RFID、红外和温度传感器以及 RTC 时钟管理芯片等组成。该系统能够实现记录考勤和对非法人员报警的功能,具有低损耗、高性能、高可靠性的优点。%With the rapid acceleration of the technology and the modernization of troops, it is more intelligent for the troop at-tendance system. In this paper, we design an attendance alarm system based on RFID, adopting the STC89C52 single-chip-microcomputer as master controller. It consists of RFID, infrared sensor, temperature sensor and RTC clock management chip. This system can achieve the function of record attendance and alarms to persons without permission. In addition, it also shows capacity on low loss, high performance and better reliability.

  8. Implementation of a True Enterprise Web Based System to Manage Low Level, Mixed, Weapons Grade, Transuranic and Hazardous Waste at Lawrence Livermore National Laboaratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Collins, J; Plunkett, J; Haigh, D; Plunkett, J; Haigh, D; Collins, J


    Faced with increasing challenges imposed by a new mixed waste treatment facility under construction, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) embarked on a yearlong process of finding and implementing a new system to replace its existing waste tracking software. After a review of several applications, including the IWTS system in use at Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL)a, LLNL decided to implement HazTrack. HazTrack represents a new generation of browser based enterprise level business applications that are replacing the hardcoded client-server software that has been so prevalent for the last 15 years. It is widely believed that the object-oriented application frameworks of these applications, such as the model view controller (MVC) framework for HazTrack will be at the core of leading-edge software technology in the twenty-first century. MVC applications adapt more readily to changes in business and technical requirements than do applications built using traditional programming techniques, anywhere from 2.5 to 12 times faster than propagating the same changes to programmatically implemented solutions. Because of this ability, the HazTrack team was able to rapidly modify the HazTrack application for management of radiological waste storage, including support for an unlimited number of dose conversion factors (DCF's) for calculation of Plutonium Equivalent (Pu-Eq) curies, nuclide tracking, nuclide distribution tracking, and storage area limits management. LLNL also required extensive security management features including a waste approval process with lockdown and audit trail capability that was also incorporated during the implementation, as well as a flexible access control architecture to facilitate customized user views and access rights to functions based on user groups. HazTrack supports the full range of waste handling activities including waste generation, characterization, storage, treatment, and disposal through its

  9. Automation impact study of Army Training Management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanquist, T.F.; Schuller, C.R.; McCallum, M.C.; Underwood, J.A.; Bettin, P.J.; King, J.L.; Melber, B.D.; Hostick, C.J.; Seaver, D.A.


    The main objectives of this impact study were to identify the potential cost savings associated with automated Army Training Management (TM), and to perform a cost-benefit analysis for an Army-wide automated TM system. A subsidiary goal was to establish baseline data for an independent evaluation of a prototype Integrated Training Management System (ITMS), to be tested in the fall of 1988. A structured analysis of TM doctrine was performed for comparison with empirical data gathered in a job analysis survey of selected units of the 9ID (MTZ) at Ft. Lewis, Washington. These observations will be extended to other units in subsequent surveys. The survey data concerning staffing levels and amount of labor expended on eight distinct TM tasks were analyzed in a cost effectiveness model. The main results of the surveys and cost effectiveness modelling are summarized. 18 figs., 47 tabs.

  10. The Army Lawyer (United States)


    articles do not necessarily reflect the view of The Judge Advocate General or the Department of the Army. Masculine or feminine pronouns appearing in...they accompany is their frequent use of the plural pronouns “we,” “us,” and “our” in their news stories to describe the progress of the units to facilitate information to the interrogators , and save the lives of other soldiers out there.”30 Specialist Ambuhl also is quoted as saying that

  11. Variable Combat Weapons Systems External Ballistics Solver%可变动能打击武器系统外弹道解算

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    动能弹丸在空气中的运动过程十分复杂,近似属于刚体的一般运动,由于弹丸结构形状不是标准弹,枪膛内无膛线,弹丸飞行时不会产生绕其弹轴的转动运动,进行弹丸外弹道研究时,实际上只是对弹丸的平动运动进行分析计算和研究.利用以飞行距离x为自变量的自然坐标系质心运动方程组,通过引入假速度及西亚切替代对动能弹外弹道进行了解算,反向计算得出的恒量动能打击不同距离的有生目标对应的动能弹丸理想枪口初速.%The kinetic energy of the projectile in the air during exercise is very complex,approximation belongs to the rigid body of the general movement,due to the shape of the projectile structure than standard ammunition,bore rifling,projectiles flying around the bomb axis of rotation movement does not produce,conducted projectile the external ballistics Fesearch when in fact only the translational motion of the projectile analytical calculations and research.In this paper,flight distance x independent variable natural coordinate system,the center of mass movement equations,by introducing false speed and Sciacca alternative to understand the operator of the kinetic energy Exterior Ballistic reverse calculated constant kinetic energy to combat different distances animate target the muzzle velocity corresponding to the kinetic energy of the projectile ideal.

  12. The French Army and British Army Crimean War Reforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony Dawson


    Full Text Available French army logistics of the Crimean War are generally considered to have been better organized than their British counterpart. This sometimes erroneous belief was fuelled by letters home (from officers and men as well as by the reporting of various ‘special correspondents’ in the Crimea, and created an emotional response favourable to the ordinary soldier and, in particular, towards the French. This then became the basis for arguments for reform of the British army in the military and domestic press and in Parliament. Clamour for reform on French lines led to official studies being made of the French army, especially of logistics, officer education, and even uniforms. The French army, however, was little understood and the resulting ephemeral corps-style units (such as Land Transport Corps, Army Work Corps, and Mounted Staff Corps were quickly found faulty. In fact, official study of the French army often had little or no effect on the major reforms of the war. Emulation of the French was ultimately short-lived and of little effect; the favourable perception of the French was based on short-term emotional response and, indeed, the desire for army reform had its sting drawn with the establishment of the Roebuck Committee. Post-war retrenchment and success in the Indian Mutiny would stifle what was left of the reform debate.

  13. Implementing the chemical weapons convention

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kellman, B.; Tanzman, E. A.


    In 1993, as the CWC ratification process was beginning, concerns arose that the complexity of integrating the CWC with national law could cause each nation to implement the Convention without regard to what other nations were doing, thereby causing inconsistencies among States as to how the CWC would be carried out. As a result, the author's colleagues and the author prepared the Manual for National Implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention and presented it to each national delegation at the December 1993 meeting of the Preparatory Commission in The Hague. During its preparation, the Committee of CWC Legal Experts, a group of distinguished international jurists, law professors, legally-trained diplomats, government officials, and Parliamentarians from every region of the world, including Central Europe, reviewed the Manual. In February 1998, they finished the second edition of the Manual in order to update it in light of developments since the CWC entered into force on 29 April 1997. The Manual tries to increase understanding of the Convention by identifying its obligations and suggesting methods of meeting them. Education about CWC obligations and available alternatives to comply with these requirements can facilitate national response that are consistent among States Parties. Thus, the Manual offers options that can strengthen international realization of the Convention's goals if States Parties act compatibly in implementing them. Equally important, it is intended to build confidence that the legal issues raised by the Convention are finite and addressable. They are now nearing competition of an internet version of this document so that interested persons can access it electronically and can view the full text of all of the national implementing legislation it cites. The internet address, or URL, for the internet version of the Manual is http: // This paper draws from the Manual. It comparatively addresses approximately thirty

  14. Decreasing Disability Processing Days for Soldiers in the U.S. Army Through Initiatives in Human Resource Management Support Systems: A Two-Tiered, Three Year Evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Kerr, Jr.


    Full Text Available This essay highlights the findings of a two tiered, three year evaluation. The first tier studied human resource and quality management initiatives at Walter Reed Army Medical Center (WRAMC Washington, DC from 1992-1994. The second tier researched disability records through the United States Army Physical Disability Agency, Bethesda, Maryland in 1996. The first tier found that Total Quality Management reduced the average length of stay (ALOS and size of the disability population from 220 days and 240 disability cases to 65 days and 57 disability cases over 24 months. The second tier studied 8,301 soldiers whose disability records were processed in Fiscal Year 1996. The research shows only administrative variables affect ALOS. The authors recommend a program of disability case management and increasing emphasis on transition assistance programs to reduce ALOS in the PDES.

  15. The Central Asian Armies Facing the Challenge of Formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sébastien Peyrouse


    Full Text Available This article focuses on one of the main challenges that Central Asian armies face, that is, the problem of training and formation. Having rapidly increased since 2007, Central Asian military budgets have been able to multiply the purchases of equipment and weapons from foreign partners (Russia, western countries, Israel, China, South Korea, etc.. Money is not enough, however, to get the military institution back on its feet in its most human aspect, that of formation. In fact, the teaching institutions and the training possibilities provided to conscripts and professional soldiers on contract are generally of inadequate quality and impede the overall military capacities of the Central Asian states. This article will examine the main problems of the Central Asian military institutions and will discuss the means that have been implemented by Central Asian governments to reduce the negative impact of difficulties in promoting human capital.

  16. The Role of the DOE Weapons Laboratories in a Changing National Security Environment: CNSS Papers No. 8, April 1988 (United States)

    Hecker, S. S.


    The contributions of the Department of Energy (DOE) nuclear weapons laboratories to the nation's security are reviewed in testimony before the Subcommittee on Procurement and Military Nuclear Systems of the House Armed Services Committee. Also presented are contributions that technology will make in maintaining the strategic balance through deterrence, treaty verification, and a sound nuclear weapons complex as the nation prepares for significant arms control initiatives. The DOE nuclear weapons laboratories can contribute to the broader context of national security, one that recognizes that military strength can be maintained over the long term only if it is built upon the foundations of economic strength and energy security.

  17. The role of the DOE weapons laboratories in a changing national security environment: CNSS papers No. 8, April 1988

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hecker, S.S.


    The contributions of the Department of Energy (DOE) nuclear weapons laboratories to the nation's security are reviewed in testimony before the Subcommittee on Procurement and Military Nuclear Systems of the House Armed Services Committee. Also presented are contributions that technology will make in maintaining the strategic balance through deterrence, treaty verification, and a sound nuclear weapons complex as the nation prepares for significant arms control initiatives. The DOE nuclear weapons laboratories can contribute to the broader context of national security, one that recognizes that military strength can be maintained over the long term only if it is built upon the foundations of economic strength and energy security. 9 refs.

  18. Optomechanical design of a field-deployable thermal weapon sight (United States)

    Boucher, Marc-André; Desnoyers, Nichola; Bernier, Sophie; Bergeron, Alain; Doucet, Michel; Lagacé, François; Laou, Philips


    The use of uncooled infrared (IR) imaging technology in Thermal Weapon Sight (TWS) systems produces a unique tool that perfectly fulfills the all-weather, day-and-night vision demands in modern battlefields by significantly increasing the effectiveness and survivability of a dismounted soldier. The main advantage of IR imaging is that no illumination is required; therefore, observation can be accomplished in a passive mode. It is particularly well adapted for target detection even through smoke, dust, fog, haze, and other battlefield obscurants. In collaboration with the Defense Research and Development Canada (DRDC Valcartier), INO engineering team developed, produced, and tested a rugged thermal weapon sight. An infrared channel provides for human detection at 800m and recognition at 200m. Technical system requirements included very low overall weight as well as the need to be field-deployable and user-friendly in harsh conditions. This paper describes the optomechanical design and focuses on the catadioptric-based system integration. The system requirements forced the optomechanical engineers to minimize weight while maintaining a sufficient level of rigidity in order to keep the tight optical tolerances. The optical system's main features are: a precision manual focus, a watertight vibration insulated front lens, a bolometer and two gold coated aluminum mirrors. Finite element analyses using ANSYS were performed to validate the subsystems performance. Some of the finite element computations were validated using different laboratory setups.

  19. The simulation of laser-based guided weapon engagements (United States)

    Al-Jaberi, Mubarak; Richardson, Mark; Coath, John; Jenkin, Robin


    The laser is an integrated part of many weapon systems, such as laser guided bombs, laser guided missiles and laser beam-riding missiles. These systems pose a significant threat to military assets on the modern battlefield. The lasers used in beam-riding missiles are particularly hard to detect as they typically use relatively low power lasers. Beamriders are also particularly difficult to defeat as current countermeasure systems have not been optimized against this threat. Some recent field trails conducted in the United Arab Emirates desert have demonstrated poor performance of both laser beam-riding systems and the LWRs designed to detect them. The aim of this research is to build a complete evaluation tool capable of assessing all the phases of an engagement of a main battle tank or armoured fighting vehicle with a laser based guided weapon. To this end a software model has been produced using Matlab & Simulink. This complete model has been verified using lab based experimentation and by comparison to the result of the mentioned field trials. This project will enable both the evaluation and design of any generic laser warning receiver or missile seeker and specific systems if various parameters are known. Moreover, this model will be used as a guide to the development of reliable countermeasures for laser beam-riding missiles.

  20. Final Supplemental Environmental Assessment: Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile Defense Elevated Netted Sensor System (JLENS), U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground, Dugway, Utah (United States)


    the NRHP because it does not meet any criteria for listing ( Quist , 2008). The U.S. Army agreed with this recommendation and determined that...Knight Rachel Quist 75th Civil Engineering Group – Hill AFB Loni Johnson, CERC Kay Winn, CEVOR 75th Civil Engineering Group – Oasis Ronald... Quist , Rachel. 2008. Cultural Resources Management Officer, Dugway Proving Ground. Personal communication with Mary Peters, MBP Consulting

  1. Ponce de Leon Inlet, FL: An Integrated Hydrodynamic and Morphologic Assessment of Design Alternatives using the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ Coastal Modeling System (United States)


    Ponce de Leon Inlet, FL: An Integrated Hydrodynamic and Morphologic Assessment of Design Alternatives using the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers...DATES COVERED - 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Ponce de Leon Inlet, FL: An Integrated Hydrodynamic and Morphologic Assessment of Design Alternatives...SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14. ABSTRACT Shoaling and channel migration at Ponce de Leon Inlet, FL, have caused persistently hazardous navigation conditions

  2. 7 CFR 501.12 - Weapons and explosives. (United States)


    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Weapons and explosives. 501.12 Section 501.12... OF AGRICULTURE CONDUCT ON U.S. MEAT ANIMAL RESEARCH CENTER, CLAY CENTER, NEBRASKA § 501.12 Weapons... arrows, darts, other dangerous or deadly weapons, or explosives, either openly or concealed, except...

  3. 32 CFR 552.125 - Disposition of confiscated weapons. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Disposition of confiscated weapons. 552.125..., Ammunition, and Explosives-Fort Lewis, Washington § 552.125 Disposition of confiscated weapons. Commanders will maintain confiscated weapons in the unit arms room pending final disposition. They will...

  4. 44 CFR 15.15 - Weapons and explosives. (United States)


    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Weapons and explosives. 15.15... EMERGENCY TRAINING CENTER § 15.15 Weapons and explosives. No person entering or while at Mt. Weather or the NETC will carry or possess firearms, other dangerous or deadly weapons, explosives or items intended...

  5. 15 CFR 265.39 - Weapons and explosives. (United States)


    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Weapons and explosives. 265.39 Section..., GAITHERSBURG, MARYLAND, AND BOULDER AND FORT COLLINS, COLORADO Buildings and Grounds § 265.39 Weapons and... dangerous or deadly weapons or materials, or explosives, either openly or concealed, without the...

  6. 36 CFR 504.14 - Weapons and explosives. (United States)


    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Weapons and explosives. 504... GOVERNING SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS § 504.14 Weapons and explosives. No person while on the premises shall carry firearms, other dangerous or deadly weapons, or explosives, either openly...

  7. 31 CFR 407.13 - Weapons and explosives. (United States)


    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Weapons and explosives. 407.13... TREASURY ANNEX § 407.13 Weapons and explosives. No person while on the property shall carry firearms, other dangerous or deadly weapons, or explosives, either openly or concealed, except for official purposes....

  8. 46 CFR 386.23 - Weapons and explosives. (United States)


    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Weapons and explosives. 386.23 Section 386.23 Shipping... AND GROUNDS AT THE UNITED STATES MERCHANT MARINE ACADEMY § 386.23 Weapons and explosives. No person shall carry or possess firearms, other dangerous or deadly weapons or parts thereof, explosives or...

  9. 32 CFR 228.7 - Prohibition on weapons and explosives. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Prohibition on weapons and explosives. 228.7... (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS SECURITY PROTECTIVE FORCE § 228.7 Prohibition on weapons and explosives. No persons... illegal or legally controlled weapon (e.g., throwing stars, switchblades), explosives, or items...

  10. 36 CFR 702.7 - Weapons and explosives. (United States)


    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Weapons and explosives. 702.7... Weapons and explosives. Except where duly authorized by law, and in the performance of law enforcement functions, no person shall carry firearms, other dangerous or deadly weapons, or explosives, either...

  11. 31 CFR 700.11 - Weapons and explosives. (United States)


    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Weapons and explosives. 700.11... FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT TRAINING CENTER (FLETC) BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS § 700.11 Weapons and explosives. No person, while on the property, shall carry firearms, other dangerous or deadly weapons, or...

  12. 7 CFR 500.12 - Weapons and explosives. (United States)


    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Weapons and explosives. 500.12 Section 500.12... OF AGRICULTURE NATIONAL ARBORETUM Conduct on U.S. National Arboreturm Property § 500.12 Weapons and... weapons, or explosives, either openly or concealed, except for authorized official purposes. (b) No...

  13. 7 CFR 502.13 - Weapons and explosives. (United States)


    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Weapons and explosives. 502.13 Section 502.13....13 Weapons and explosives. No person while in or on BARC property shall carry firearms, other dangerous or deadly weapons, or explosives, either openly or concealed, except as officially authorized...

  14. 43 CFR 423.30 - Weapons, firearms, explosives, and fireworks. (United States)


    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Weapons, firearms, explosives, and... WATERBODIES Rules of Conduct § 423.30 Weapons, firearms, explosives, and fireworks. (a) You may possess... exceptions: (1) You must not have a weapon in your possession when at or in a Reclamation facility. (2)...

  15. 4 CFR 25.14 - Weapons and explosives. (United States)


    ... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Weapons and explosives. 25.14 Section 25.14 Accounts... AND ON ITS GROUNDS § 25.14 Weapons and explosives. No person while entering or in the GAO Building or on its grounds shall carry or possess firearms, other dangerous or deadly weapons, explosives...

  16. 49 CFR 1544.219 - Carriage of accessible weapons. (United States)


    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Carriage of accessible weapons. 1544.219 Section...: AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS Operations § 1544.219 Carriage of accessible weapons. (a... weapons, do not apply to a law enforcement officer (LEO) aboard a flight for which screening is...

  17. 36 CFR 520.15 - Weapons and explosives. (United States)


    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Weapons and explosives. 520... Weapons and explosives. No person while on the premises shall carry firearms, other dangerous or deadly weapons, or explosives, either openly or concealed, except for official purposes, nor shall any...

  18. 31 CFR 91.13 - Weapons and explosives. (United States)


    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Weapons and explosives. 91.13 Section... CONDUCT IN OR ON THE BUREAU OF THE MINT BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS § 91.13 Weapons and explosives. No person while on the property shall carry firearms, other dangerous or deadly weapons, or explosives,...

  19. 7 CFR 503.13 - Weapons and explosives. (United States)


    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Weapons and explosives. 503.13 Section 503.13... OF AGRICULTURE CONDUCT ON PLUM ISLAND ANIMAL DISEASE CENTER § 503.13 Weapons and explosives. No person while in or on the PIADC shall carry firearms or other dangerous or deadly weapons or...

  20. 10 CFR Appendix H to Part 73 - Weapons Qualification Criteria (United States)


    ... position, then fire 2 rounds and reholster 2 15 yards 2 5 seconds Standing, draw weapon, move to kneeling...) Standing, draw weapon, fire 2 rounds, move to kneeling position and fire 2 rounds, reload and reholster Minimum qualifying = 70%. 4 15 yards 2 5 seconds Draw weapon and fire 2 rounds standing, come to low...

  1. Fourth and Fifth Amendment issues raised by Chemical Weapons Convention inspections

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanzman, E.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Economics and Law Section


    The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) offers a unique challenge to the United States system of constitutional law. This discussion is about the Fourth and Fifth Amendment issues raised by the CWC and about how federal implementing legislation can allow verification inspections to take place in the United States under the Chemical Weapons Convention while remaining in compliance with the Constitution. By implementing legislation, the author means a federal statute that would be enacted separately from Senate approval of the Convention itself. Although implementing legislation is a relatively unusual accompaniment to a treaty, it will be necessary to the CWC, and the Administration has submitted a bill that was under consideration in the last Congress and presumably will be reintroduced early next year. The Fourth and Fifth Amendment problems posed by the CWC arise from the verification inspection scheme embodied in the treaty. The CWC depends heavily on on-site inspections to verify compliance with its key requirements. These include destroying all chemicals weapons stockpiles and bringing potential chemical weapons precursors under international control. The Convention contains four distinct kinds of inspections: systematic inspections of chemical weapons storage and destruction facilities, routine inspections of various declared facilities, challenge inspections, and a variant on challenge inspections in cases of alleged use of chemical weapons. All inspections are supposed to be only as intrusive as necessary to carry out the Convention. These inspections will be carried out by inspectors employed by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), located in The Hague, which is responsible for enforcing the Convention. Generally, the inspected State Party is permitted to assign observers to accompany the inspectors.

  2. Igniting the Light Elements: The Los Alamos Thermonuclear Weapon Project, 1942-1952

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fitzpatrick, Anne C. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States)


    The American system of nuclear weapons research and development was conceived and developed not as a result of technological determinism, but by a number of individual architects who promoted the growth of this large technologically-based complex. While some of the technological artifacts of this system, such as the fission weapons used in World War II, have been the subject of many historical studies, their technical successors--fusion (or hydrogen) devices--are representative of the largely unstudied highly secret realms of nuclear weapons science and engineering. In the postwar period a small number of Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory's staff and affiliates were responsible for theoretical work on fusion weapons, yet the program was subject to both the provisions and constraints of the US Atomic Energy Commission, of which Los Alamos was a part. The Commission leadership's struggle to establish a mission for its network of laboratories, least of all to keep them operating, affected Los Alamos's leaders' decisions as to the course of weapons design and development projects. Adapting Thomas P. Hughes's ''large technological systems'' thesis, I focus on the technical, social, political, and human problems that nuclear weapons scientists faced while pursuing the thermonuclear project, demonstrating why the early American thermonuclear bomb project was an immensely complicated scientific and technological undertaking. I concentrate mainly on Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory's Theoretical, or T, Division, and its members' attempts to complete an accurate mathematical treatment of the ''Super''--the most difficult problem in physics in the postwar period--and other fusion weapon theories. Although tackling a theoretical problem, theoreticians had to address technical and engineering issues as well. I demonstrate the relative value and importance of H-bomb research over time in the postwar era to

  3. Fortran Programs for Weapon Systems Analysis (United States)


    lbs/in 2 The following assumptions are imbedded in this equation: zero starting pressures covolume equal to charge volume burning rate proportional... depend on the terrain and weather. More rugged terrain will generally have a smaller average range and flatter terrain will have a larger average a Table for Interpolation Purposes. To interpolate in tables, use the indexx function. Indexx assumes that the dependent variable is stored in a

  4. Program Acquisition Costs by Weapon System (United States)


    modernizes the Army’s ability to move, shoot and communicate on the battlefield. It is the material solution for the Army’s future force. Through FY...2007 is the CRA amount. Budget request totals $131.0 - 81 - OTHER PROGRAMS DOD-WIDE/JOINT PATRIOT MEADS CAP Description: PATRIOT is

  5. Direct Licensing in Major Weapon Systems Acquisition. (United States)


    tions. Teledyne, CAE ( TCAE ), the only source that the Government and the developer could agree upon, was selected in September 1978 to be the licensee...Williams, under the licensing program, was required to assist TCAE in establishing its manufacturing and test facilities on a step-by-step basis...and for licensee progress, but no significant leverage was afforded the Government if they failed to meet the milestones or if TCAE was not qualified

  6. Forecasting Demand for Weapon System Items (United States)


    level at quarter n. SL(n) was set using the Presutti- Trepp model that DLA currently uses. Forecast error is required by the model to set the safety level...of inventory investment versus response time, we varied the safety level by changing the "lambda factor" or backorder cost used in the Presutti- Trepp

  7. Engineering Design Handbook: Recoilless Rifle Weapon Systems. (United States)


    will be assumed that the require information on recoil impulse and reader has a familiarity with basic principles possibly recoil force and velocity-time...aor of a Sptts- Trama Projcdke, M48A1, cm- producins dense white smoke. However, the PIOYcd la the 106 min Recoileu Rifle low melting and ignition

  8. Superior Weapons Systems Through Castings (SWC) (United States)


    the near elimination of delta ferrite both in the as-cast structure. The morphology of the delta ferrite after HIPing at low temperatures (1950°F...handout for inclusion in NFFS membership/industry mailings Promotion on NFFS website and within NFFS electronic newsletters Coordination with the Foundry... Morphological / Solidification N Deformation Figure 7-1 Possible routes for synthesizing aluminum base nano-composite materials. (A) Self

  9. Cognitive task analysis: Techniques applied to airborne weapons training

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Terranova, M.; Seamster, T.L.; Snyder, C.E.; Treitler, I.E. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA); Carlow Associates, Inc., Fairfax, VA (USA); Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (USA); Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (USA))


    This is an introduction to cognitive task analysis as it may be used in Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR) training development. The focus of a cognitive task analysis is human knowledge, and its methods of analysis are those developed by cognitive psychologists. This paper explains the role that cognitive task analysis and presents the findings from a preliminary cognitive task analysis of airborne weapons operators. Cognitive task analysis is a collection of powerful techniques that are quantitative, computational, and rigorous. The techniques are currently not in wide use in the training community, so examples of this methodology are presented along with the results. 6 refs., 2 figs., 4 tabs.

  10. The Drivers of Indias Nuclear Weapons Program (United States)


    Sane Individual’ Would Use Nuclear Weapons Indian Defence Mini,” Financial Times, June 3, 2002. 197 Sanjeev Miglani and John Chalmers , “BJP Puts... Chalmers . “BJP Puts ‘No First Use’ Nuclear Policy in Doubt.” Reuters. April 7, 2014. election-bjp

  11. The Politics of Weapons Standardization in NATO. (United States)


    does raise new and useful perspectives on the problem. And, as he notes, it raises the spectre that instead of attacking the causes of NATO’s malaise...construct- ing his Utopia . 1 58 Two articles, which focus on the weapons procurement process within the United States alone, note the unnecessary

  12. Europium-155 in Debris from Nuclear Weapons

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aarkrog, Asker; Lippert, Jørgen Emil


    The lithium-drifted germanium detector enables determination of europium-155 on a routine basis in environmental samples contaminated with debris from nuclear weapons. From measurements of europium-155, cesium-144, and strontium-90 in air filters collected between 1961 and 1966, the yield...

  13. Tactical Nuclear Weapons: Their Purpose and Placement (United States)


    still perceived the potential spread of these clashes as a threat to its security. Volatility was expected to come from ethnic, religious, cultural...nuclear weapons in this new global environment. NATO’s 1999 and 2010 strategic concepts describe a change in concern from the spillover threats of the

  14. Managing nuclear weapons in the United States

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, G.


    This report discusses the management and security of nuclear weapons in the post-cold war United States. The definition of what constitutes security is clearly changing in the US. It is now a much more integrated view that includes defense and the economy. The author tries to bring some semblance of order to these themes in this brief adaptation of a presentation.

  15. The Spear: An Effective Weapon Since Antiquity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert E. Dohrenwend


    Full Text Available The spear is perhaps man’s oldest weapon, and may even be his oldest tool. Over the hundreds of thousands of years of the weapon’s existence, it evolved from a pointed stick into an efficient hunting missile, and then became the most effective hand-held bladed weapon humans ever devised. The spear and its use is the only martial art originally devised for use against species other than our own, and more than any other weapon, the spear emphasizes the relationship between hunting and warfare. Virtually without exception, the spear is present wherever there are humans. The spear may claim to be the senior martial art, and the weapon is still in use today. Early techniques are preserved by the small number of Japanese sojutsu schools, and modern Chinese martial artists have developed elegant and impressive gymnastic routines for the spear. The javelin throw is a modern Olympic track and field event, and there are people who have resurrected the Aztec atlatl for sporting competition. Today, the spear is still used in Europe for hunting wild boar, and the continued issue of the obsolete bayonet to modern soldiers testifies to a deep, almost instinctive respect still possessed by the military for the spear.

  16. A Novel Two-Staged Decision Support based Threat Evaluation and Weapon Assignment Algorithm, Asset-based Dynamic Weapon Scheduling using Artificial Intelligence Techinques


    Naeem, Huma; Masood, Asif; Hussain, Mukhtar; Shoab A. Khan


    Surveillance control and reporting (SCR) system for air threats play an important role in the defense of a country. SCR system corresponds to air and ground situation management/processing along with information fusion, communication, coordination, simulation and other critical defense oriented tasks. Threat Evaluation and Weapon Assignment (TEWA) sits at the core of SCR system. In such a system, maximal or near maximal utilization of constrained resources is of extreme importance. Manual TEW...

  17. A Novel Two-Staged Decision Support based Threat Evaluation and Weapon Assignment Algorithm, Asset-based Dynamic Weapon Scheduling using Artificial Intelligence Techinques

    CERN Document Server

    Naeem, Huma; Hussain, Mukhtar; Khan, Shoab A


    Surveillance control and reporting (SCR) system for air threats play an important role in the defense of a country. SCR system corresponds to air and ground situation management/processing along with information fusion, communication, coordination, simulation and other critical defense oriented tasks. Threat Evaluation and Weapon Assignment (TEWA) sits at the core of SCR system. In such a system, maximal or near maximal utilization of constrained resources is of extreme importance. Manual TEWA systems cannot provide optimality because of different limitations e.g.surface to air missile (SAM) can fire from a distance of 5Km, but manual TEWA systems are constrained by human vision range and other constraints. Current TEWA systems usually work on target-by-target basis using some type of greedy algorithm thus affecting the optimality of the solution and failing in multi-target scenario. his paper relates to a novel two-staged flexible dynamic decision support based optimal threat evaluation and weapon assignment...

  18. Exploring the Complexities of Army Civilians and the Army Profession (United States)


    Profession. It appears reasonable that military and civilians become bilingual in the doctrine, regulations, and languages of both the operational force...members of the Armed Forces and Army Civilians as employed by the Armed Forces.15 The simple generalization and different language in the law and...civil-military relations and the Army Civilian Corps closes the first section. 4 The second section contrasts institutions, organizations, and

  19. Evaluation of Support Provided to Mobilized Army National Guard and U.S. Army Reserve Units (United States)


    with family members. CENTCOM and the Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command have significantly improved access to communications with family as the...contract with Bahrain Maritime and Mercantile International, beginning in August 2002 through December 2003.10 Seven Seas Shiphandlers became the...Switching Network (DSN) • MWR phone banks through the Army and Air Force Exchange System (AAFES) • Internet cafes (provided by the Navy Space and Naval

  20. 基于任务的潜用导弹武器系统保障性仿真评价%Simulation evaluation research on supportability of missile weapon system based on mission

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    衡辉; 魏勇; 王新华; 杨迎化


    The defects existed in the traditional research of supportability were analyzed,some new evaluation indexes,including operational availability,operational readiness,mission completion success probability,were advanced,and the simulation model was established based on mission.Taking the operational mission,the structure and maintenance process as the foundation,a kind of simulating principle of missile weapon system was set up based on mission by using the theory of Monte-Carlo,Discrete Event and so on.The maintenance support simulation experiment was analyzed by an example.The evaluative parameters of mission capability on duty and support capabilities were acquired 、 Results of its application show that the method is feasible,can offer the decision for useful department and managing department.%分析传统保障性评价存在的缺陷,提出基于任务的使用可用度、战备完好率及任务成功率3个评价指标,建立相应的仿真统计模型.以使用任务、系统结构、维修保障过程分析为基础,引用离散事件、蒙特卡洛等理论建立一种基于任务的保障性评价仿真原理.通过一个实例对导弹武器系统的维修保障仿真试验进行分析,得出了导弹武器系统的执行任务能力和保障能力评价参数.仿真表明该方法是可行的,可为使用、维修保障部门评价装备的任务成功性和战备完好性等提供理论依据和方法支持.