Sample records for army ammunition plant

  1. McAlester Army Ammunition Plant (MCAAP) Wooden Pallet MIL-STD-1660 Tests. (United States)


    Research, Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC) to conduct MIL- STD -1660 tests on 40- by 48-inch pallets produced by McAlester Army Ammunition Plant...MCAAP). This report contains test results with the pallets provided failing to meet MIL- STD -1660, Design Criteria for Ammunition Unit Loads, requirements due to nail failure.

  2. Badger Army Ammunition Plant groundwater data management system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansen, J.P. [Olin Corp., Baraboo, WI (United States). Badger Army Ammunition Plant


    At the Badger Army Ammunition Plant (Badger), there are currently over 200 wells that are monitored on a quarterly basis. Badger has had three active production periods since its construction in 1942. During these periods, various nitrocellulose based propellants were produced including single base artillery propellants were produced including single base artillery propellant, double base rocket propellant and BALL POWDER{reg_sign} propellant. Intermediate materials used in the manufacture of these propellants were also produced, including nitroglycerine, and sulfuric and nitric acids. To meet the challenge of managing the data in-house, a groundwater data management system (GDMS) was developed. Although such systems are commercially available, they were not able to provide the specific capabilities necessary for data management and reporting at Badger. The GDMS not only provides the routine database capabilities of data sorts and queries, but has provided an automated data reporting system as well. The reporting function alone has significantly reduced the time and efforts that would normally be associated with this task. Since the GDMS was developed at Badger, the program can be continually adapted to site specific needs. Future planned modifications include automated reconciliation, improved transfer of data to graphics software, and statistical analysis and interpretation of the data.

  3. Plant uptake of explosives from contaminated soil at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant

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    Zellmer, S.D.; Schneider, J.F.; Tomczyk, N.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Banwart, W.L.; Chen, D. [Univ. of Illinos, Urbana, IL (United States). Dept. of Agronomy


    Explosives and their degradation products may enter the animal and human food chains through plants grown on soils contaminated with explosives. Soil and plant samples were collected from the Group 61 area at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant and analyzed to determine the extent to which 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and its degradation products are taken up by existing vegetation and crops growing on contaminated soils. Neither TNT nor its degradation products was detected in any of the aboveground plant organs of existing vegetation. Oat (Avena sativa L.) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) were planted on TNT-contaminated soils amended with three levels of chopped grass hay. Extractable TNT concentrations in hay-amended soils were monitored for almost 1 year. Crop establishment and growth improved with increased levels of hay amendment, but TNT uptake was not affected or detected in any aboveground crop organs. Evidence was found to indicate that soil manipulation and hay addition may reduce extractable TNT concentration in soils, but the wide variations in TNT concentrations in these soils prevented development of conclusive evidence regarding reduction of extractable TNT concentrations. Results from this study suggest that vegetation grown on TNT-contaminated soils is not a major health concern because TNT and its degradation products were not detected in aboveground plant organs. However, low concentrations of TNT, 4-amino-2,6-dinitrotoluene, and 2-amino-4,6-dinitrotoluene were detected in or on some existing vegetation and crop roots. 21 refs., 10 figs., 26 tabs.

  4. Forest Tree Growth as a Bioindicator of Pollution Abatement Systems at the Radford Army Ammunition Plant. (United States)


    U-0Al C 0LIGNAPLTCGICIS P TT IY BLCSUG-EC FS1/ FOREST TREE GROWTH AS A BIOINDICATOR OF POLLUTION ABATEMENT SYS--ETC(I 𔃾- oa2 JAN 62 J M SKELLY. L W...947! FOREST TREE GROWTH AS A BIOINDICATOR OF POLLUTION ABATEMENT SYSTEMS AT THE RADFORD ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT Accession For FINAL REPORT Dr. John M...test potential bioindicator systems. x The study objectives of this research were: i’l) To determine if the pollution levels alone were responsible

  5. Removal of DNT from Wastewaters at Radford Army Ammunition Plant (United States)


    54 peroxide experiments 15. Optimization of time 55 16. Adsorption isotherm for water dry water 55 17. Adsorption isotherm for solvent-fortified water... dry water 56 18. Adsorption isotherm for plant effluent with DNT 56 19. Test matrix for DNT degradation by UV/ozonation 57 iii I I I I Page 20...concentrations have been normalized to reflect adsorption by a 20-mg sample of FS-400. Table 16. Adsorption isotherm for water dry water Final concentration

  6. Uptake of explosives from contaminated soil by vegetation at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, J.F.; Tomczyk, N.A.; Zellmer, S.D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Banwart, W.L. [University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, IL (United States). Agronomy Dept.; Houser, W.P. [US Army Environmental Center, Edgewood, MD (United States)


    This study examines the uptake of explosives by vegetation growing on soils contaminated by 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) in Group 61 at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant (JAAP). Plant materials and soil from the root zone were sampled and analyzed to determine TNT uptake under natural field conditions. Standard USATHAMA methods were used to determine concentrations of explosives, their derivatives, and metabolites in the soil samples. No- explosives were detected in the aboveground portion of any plant sample. However, results indicate that TNT, 2-aminodinitrotoluene (2-ADNT), and/or 4-ADNT were present in some root samples. The presence of 2-ADNT and 4-ADNT increases the likelihood that explosives were taken up by plant roots, as opposed to their presence resulting from external soil contamination.

  7. Adaptive Sampling approach to environmental site characterization at Joliet Army Ammunition Plant: Phase 2 demonstration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bujewski, G.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Environmental Restoration Technologies Dept.; Johnson, R.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)


    Adaptive sampling programs provide real opportunities to save considerable time and money when characterizing hazardous waste sites. This Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) project demonstrated two decision-support technologies, SitePlanner{trademark} and Plume{trademark}, that can facilitate the design and deployment of an adaptive sampling program. A demonstration took place at Joliet Army Ammunition Plant (JAAP), and was unique in that it was tightly coupled with ongoing Army characterization work at the facility, with close scrutiny by both state and federal regulators. The demonstration was conducted in partnership with the Army Environmental Center`s (AEC) Installation Restoration Program and AEC`s Technology Development Program. AEC supported researchers from Tufts University who demonstrated innovative field analytical techniques for the analysis of TNT and DNT. SitePlanner{trademark} is an object-oriented database specifically designed for site characterization that provides an effective way to compile, integrate, manage and display site characterization data as it is being generated. Plume{trademark} uses a combination of Bayesian analysis and geostatistics to provide technical staff with the ability to quantitatively merge soft and hard information for an estimate of the extent of contamination. Plume{trademark} provides an estimate of contamination extent, measures the uncertainty associated with the estimate, determines the value of additional sampling, and locates additional samples so that their value is maximized.

  8. Uptake of explosives from contaminated soil by existing vegetation at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, J.F.; Tomczyk, N.A.; Zellmer, S.D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Banwart, W.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)]|[Univ., of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States). Dept., of Agronomy


    This study examines the uptake of explosives by existing vegetation growing in TNT-contaminated soils on Group 61 at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant (JAAP). The soils in this group were contaminated more than 40 years ago. In this study, existing plant materials and soil from the root zone were sampled from 15 locations and analyzed to determine TNT uptake by plants under natural field conditions. Plant materials were separated by species if more than one species was present at a sampling location. Standard methods were used to determine concentrations of explosives, their derivatives, and metabolites in the soil samples. Plant materials were also analyzed. No. explosives were detected in the aboveground portion of any plant sample. However, the results indicate that TNT, 2-amino DNT, and/or 4-amino DNT were found in some root samples of false boneset (Kuhnia eupatorioides), teasel (Dipsacus sylvestris), and bromegrass (Bromus inermis). It is possible that slight soil contamination remained on the roots, especially in the case of the very fine roots for species like bromegrass, where washing was difficult. The presence of 2-amino DNT and 4-amino DNT, which could be plant metabolites of TNT, increases the likelihood that explosives were taken up by plant roots, as opposed to their presence resulting from external soil contamination.

  9. Energy engineering analysis, Iowa Army Ammunition Plant, Burlington, Iowa. Summary report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jonik, D.M.


    This Energy Engineering Analysis consists of the main report, three appendices, and a summary of annual energy consumption on a per-building basis. The main report identifies the purpose of the study, describes the existing and anticipated energy use trends, and defines and summarizes specific energy conservation projects recommended to achieve the goals stated in the Army Facilities Energy Plan. Appendices I, II and III, and the Annual Energy Consumption Summary include building information, weather data, cost data, and detailed computer-generated and manual calculations for each individual project. The analysis will enable ammunition plant personnel to identify energy conservation measures and meet Army energy reduction goals. The report includes: Energy consumption by fuel type Energy consumption trends ECAM projects Other potential projects Quick-fix management form Description of analyzed buildings In addition, the Analysis is a detailed data base consisting of: An analysis of building energy use Energy Conservation Measures applied to each analyzed building to be improved A set of marked-up prints from the survey indicating the conditions when surveyed.

  10. Elements of a CERCLA action at a former Army ammunition plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tucker, D.F.; Marotz, G.A.; Frazier, G.F.


    The Sunflower Army Ammunition Plant covers 44 km{sup 2} and is located near several large population centers. Leased sites within the plant are now being used for various activities including recreation and manufacturing. Plans are in place for conversion of an additional 3,000 ha to a commercial amusement park. Some 400 structures from the plant remain and most must be removed if further ventures are to take place. Many of the buildings are structurally unsound or contain potentially hazardous materials, such as explosive residues, lead sheathing or asbestos shingles, that were stored or used in the construction of the structures. State and federal agencies agreed that the buildings should be destroyed, but the method to do so was unclear. Analysis on building by building basis revealed that in many cases explosive residue made it unsafe to remove the buildings by any other method rather than combustion. Completion of a comprehensive destruction plan that included ground-level monitoring of combustion plumes, and burn scheduling under tightly prescribed micro and mesoscale meteorological conditions was approved by the EPA as a non-time critical removal action under CERCLA in 1996; the US Army was designated as the lead agency. Personnel at the University of Kansas assisted in developing the destruction plan and helped conduct two test burns using the comprehensive plan protocols. Results of one test burn scenario on June 26, 1997, intended as a test of probable dispersion safety margin and covered extensively by print and television media, the EPA and State agencies, are described in this paper. The selected building was smaller than typical of the buildings on the plant site. The events leading to a burn decision on the test day are used to illustrate the decision-making process.

  11. Preliminary assessment of perchlorate in ecological receptors at the Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant (LHAAP), Karnack, Texas. (United States)

    Smith, P N; Theodorakis, C W; Anderson, T A; Kendall, R J


    There have been increasing human health and ecological concerns about ionic perchlorate (ClO4-) since it was detected in drinking water sources in 1997. Perchlorate is known to affect thyroid function, causing subsequent hormone disruption and potential perturbations of metabolic activities. According to current estimates, perchlorate is found in the surface of groundwater of 14 states, including Texas. Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, located in east central Texas, was a facility historically associated with perchlorate-containing propellants and rocket motors. Subsequently, perchlorate contamination in ground and surface waters at the facility has been reported. Soil, sediment, water, vegetation, and animal tissue samples were collected from several locations within the plant for a preliminary site assessment of perchlorate contamination. Perchlorate concentrations ranged from 555-5,557,000 ppb in vegetation, 811-2038 ppb in aquatic insects, below detection limits (ND) to 207 ppb in fish, ND-580 ppb in frogs, and ND-2328 ppb in mammals. Consistent with our hypothesis, aquatic organisms inhabiting perchlorate-contaminated surface water bodies contained detectable concentrations of perchlorate. Additionally, terrestrial organisms were exposed through pathways not necessarily related to contaminated surface waters. Therefore, these data demonstrate that aquatic and terrestrial species are exposed to perchlorate in the environment. To our knowledge, this represents the first incidence of perchlorate exposure among wild animals reported in the scientific literature.

  12. Toxicity Testing of Soil Samples from Joliet Army Ammunition Plant, Illinois (United States)


    and 20 radish seeds were planted in the other pot. After germination , the seedlings were thinned to the 10 most uniform per pot. "Day 1" of treatment...terrestrial community, it is important to determine effects at several trophic levels. Plants ( seed germination and early seedling growth test...and radish seeds were sorted to remove broken or malformed seeds and to obtain seeds of similar size. There were 20 cucumber seeds planted in one pot

  13. McAlester Army Ammunition Plant (MCAAP) 40- by 44-Inch Wooden Pallet MIL-STD-1660 Tests (United States)


    and Engineering Center (ARDEC) to conduct MIL- STD -1660 tests on a 40- by 44-inch wooden pallet (oak) manufactured by MCAAP. This report contains test...results with the pallets provided meeting MIL- STD -1660, Design Criteria for Ammunition Unit Loads, requirements.

  14. Demonstration Results for the Phytoextraction of Lead-Contaminated Soil at the Twin Cities Army Ammunition Plant, Arden Hills, Minnesota (United States)


    fertilization, plant physiology, plant botany , heavy metals chemistry in soil and plants, and application of soil amendments. ATK, the operating...replaced without it being detected. Two styles have been useful for samples or sample containers. Adhesive seals advertised as meeting forensic science

  15. Biopolymer as an Alternative to Petroleum-based Polymers to Control Soil Erosion: Iowa Army Ammunition Plant (United States)


    of the manufacturing plant. Maintaining berm height is a critical parameter to explosion containment. 1.1.2 Technology Description Rhizobium Rhizobium leguminosarum var. phaseoli CIAT 899. Carbohydr. Res. 204, 103-107. Goto, N., Mitamura, O. and Terai, H. 2001. Biodegradation of...Martinez-Romero, E., Segovia, L., Mercante, F.M., Franco, A.A., Graham, P., Pardo, M.A. 1991. Rhizobium tropici, a novel species nodulating Phaseolus

  16. Biological Treatment of Composition B Wastewaters. 2. Analysis of Performance of Holston Army Ammunition Plant Wastewater Treatment Facility, January 1985 through August 1986 (United States)


    Arimunition Plant, Vol. II. Preliminary Engineering Report, Contract DACAO1-73-C-0110. 10. Eckenfelder , W.W., Jr. 1980. Principles of Water Quality...Disposal. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, NY, p433. 15. Adams, C.E., Jr, and W.W. Eckenfelder , Jr, editors. 1974. Process Design Techniques for

  17. Should the U.S. Army Adopt New 5.56mm Ammunition Cartridge Designs to Reduce Overall Ammunition Weight? (United States)


    and D. H. J. Halsey. Ammunition (Including Grenades and Mines . Shrivenham, UK: Brassey’s Publishers, 1982). McLaughlin Green, Constance , Harry... papers/paper162.pdf (accessed 18 January 2011). McLaughlin Green, Constance , Harry C. Thomson, and Peter C. Root

  18. Economic evaluation of carbon adsorption/ion exchange wastewater-treatment options for Sunflower AAP (Army Ammunition Plant) NQ (nitroguanidine) wastewater-treatment facility. Final report, October 1986-July 1987

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balasco, A.A.; Cheng, G.C.; Field, E.L.; Vejins, V.R.


    The objective of this subtask was to provide an estimate of the capital investment and operating costs for the wastewater-treatment technology option involving activated-carbon adsorption and ion exchange for primary separation, and multiple-effect evaporation and spray drying for volume reduction. During the course of this study, however, it became evident that the process economics could be significantly improved of the ion-exchange step was eliminated from the process scheme. The bases for the system design, plant operation, and cost evaluation were provided to Arthur D. Little by Sunflower AAP personnel to make certain that direct comparisons could be made with other treatment options under consideration.

  19. Historic Properties Report: Cornhusker Army Ammunition Plant, Grand Island, Nebraska (United States)


    contained TNT and aluminum poder .29 The Nebraska Ordnance Works at Wahoo did the pioneer work in loading both Composition B and tritonal, and trained...Guidelines for Rehabilitating Historic Buildings, 1983. Wash., D.C.: Preservation Assistance Division, National Park Ser •ice. 1983. Quayle, L. A

  20. Aquatic Field Survey at Volunteer Army Ammunition Plant, Chattanooga, Tennessee (United States)


    MailaBgji8iiMMggMMMHMig^iiiliIMtiaM(aMBM|M m ..„....„„ ,„,.,.... ^,... —^^n^^g^ Table B-6 shows only one species, Oedogonium spp., at Station A, in...X X X X X X X X Chlorophyceae Chaetopeltis sp. Choleochaete spp. Cylindrocapsa geminella Mougeotia spp. Oedogonium sp. 1 Ulothrix spp...Chlorophyceae Aphanochaete polychaete Bulbochaete sp. Choleochaete spp. j Cylindrocapsa geminella j Mougeotia spp. Oedogonium sp. 1

  1. Energy Recovery from Army Ammunition Plant Solid Waste by Pyrolysis (United States)


    with laboratory equipment capable of processing 1.4 kg/hr (3 Ib/hr). Waste feed, in addition to municipal refuse, included bark, rice hulls, sewage...pyrolyzed products. The solid residue or char is extruded from the end of the screw. The four taps on the barrel correspond to the different zones of...carbon char can be either briquetted for use as a fuel with a very low sulfur content or as a soil conditioner with the fortification of the

  2. Theoretical and Practical Issues Regarding U.S. Army Ammunition Freight Movements (United States)


    reexamination of the nation’s power projection requirements and alternatives, changing attitudes in the United States about the size of the defense...standard rate term "Ton-Miles." Dummy or indicator variables (MTHDD=l for dromedary and MTHD_V=1 for van) were used to represent MTHD TRANS entries from...the database. The term " dromedary " is used for a smaller container that provides more segregation and security commonly used for small ammunition

  3. Anaerobic treatment of army ammunition production wastewater containing perchlorate and RDX. (United States)

    Atikovic, Emina; Suidan, Makram T; Maloney, Stephen W


    Perchlorate is an oxidizer that has been routinely used in solid rocket motors by the Department of Defense and National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Royal Demolition Explosive (RDX) is a major component of military high explosives and is used in a wide variety of munitions. Perchlorate bearing wastewater typically results from production of solid rocket motors, while RDX is transferred to Army industrial wastewaters during load, assemble and pack operations for new munitions, and hot water or steam washout for disposal and deactivation of old munitions (commonly referred to as demilitarization, or simply demil). Biological degradation in Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Reactors (AFBR), has been shown to be an effective method for the removal of both perchlorate and RDX in contaminated wastewater. The focus of this study was to determine the effectiveness of removal of perchlorate and RDX, individually and when co-mingled, using ethanol as an electron donor under steady state conditions. Three AFBRs were used to assess the effectiveness of this process in treating the wastewater. The performance of the bioreactors was monitored relative to perchlorate, RDX, and chemical oxygen demand removal effectiveness. The experimental results demonstrated that the biodegradation of perchlorate and RDX was more effective in bioreactors receiving the single contaminant than in the bioreactor where both contaminants were fed.

  4. Assessment of Applicable or Relevant and Appropriate Requirements (ARARS) for Alabama Army Ammunition Plant, Alabama (United States)


    system must be compatible with the waste constituents and must have sufficient strength to withstand operational stress, static pressure and...I <--. ■-- 33in-0-3-r-l*NC0-O OCO-iOON- omO 03 in o r-i C 2 01 C E _i ■D ü 01 O 3- » 5- o ■-. 3- <r ~ 3- r\\ • in W 01 y ir -H

  5. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 6. Appendix L (United States)


    ug/g DBB-91-01 SB 25 QGD SVOC 612 Silane containing H.C. 3 ug/g DBB-91-02 SB 8 QGP SVOC 609 Unknown nitro aromatic amine 5 uL DBB-91-02 SB 8 QUP SVOC...621 Unknown nitro aromatic amine 4 u/gl DBB-91-02 SB 8 QGP SVOC 622 Unknown alkane @ C21 I DBB-91-02 SB 8 QOP SVOC 610 Unknown phthalate ester 0.5...This Agency concurs with the laboratory’s recommendation that the data for lot QGP are unacceptable due to low recoveries for at least two-thirds of the

  6. Remedial Investigation Report for Lake City Army Ammunition Plant. Volume 1 (United States)


    1,1,1-TrichLoroethane --- -- --- 200 - Vinyl Chloride --- -- - -- 2 -- - -- Xyiene --- - -- --- 10,000 - -- -.-- DISS. TOT. INORGANICS Aluminum ...4.2.l8 4,-Dichlorobenzene 1,4-Dichlorobenzene is a solid used as an air deodorant and as an insecticide. EPA (1987) reports that 100% of an oral dose...SCHROEDER, H.A., AND MITCHNER, M. 1975. Life-term studies in rats: Effects of aluminum , barium, beryllium, and tungsten. J. Nutr. 105:421-421 WAGONER, J.K

  7. Cornhusker Army Ammunition Plant Longterm Groundwater Monitoring Health and Safety Plan (United States)


    in Table 2. Asbestos containing building materials (ACBM) have been used throughout CAAP. ACBM has been removed and remediated during past; trout, LC 10o, 10 mg/1J24 hr shrimp , LCs0, 100 to 330 ppm/starfish, LC.•, 100 to 330 mg/L/48 hr; shore crab, LC50, 240 mg/L/48 hr. Disposal...trimers, butyl rubber, and other polymers; also used to produce antioxidants for foods, plastics, and packaging food supplements. NFPA HMIS Other

  8. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 1. Appendices A Through D (United States)



  9. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 7. Appendices M Through R (United States)


    pregnancy , produced no significant embryotoxic effects and only infrequent slight expansion of ventricles of the cerebrum, renal pelves and urinary bladder...typical of an infectious agent with an associated active immune response rather than ethylbenzene exposure (NTP, 1989). This diagnosis was supported by... Nephropathy , increased NOAEL: 125 mg/kg/day 3000 1 4E-2 liver weights, hema- mg/kg/day tological alterations, LOAEL: 250 mg/kg/day and clinical effects Mouse

  10. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 2. Appendices D.2 Through F (United States)


    Well Number DNK Wed Numoer TypeofWell WafTableOtMrvanonWeHlElU LAeca Locauon Dat Wenl Instaled Pistanc Wel Is N/4 of l/4 of Seco _.._.., m -" V v D. R...Sump - 24.____________ LDr~bioe Dbisousioe ’Method of coautructung upper ealarge gol 06..51F TO Frain To dr~hiol Only. Tr,,. Covn(a imeaving, Calor

  11. Archeological Survey and Testing Along Boone Creek, Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant, Webster Parish, Louisiana (United States)


    radiocarbon dates from the Mounds Plantation Site in Caddo Parish (Webb and McKinney 1975:72). This is supported by the dates from the George C. Davis Site in...under Don Esteban Miro, Spanish Military governor of Louisiana." Cook remarks that the eastern portion of the road was heavily used in the 1820s...HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Danube (cargo and passenger), Rosa Bland (freighter), Bonita and Bill Butler (sternwheel- ers), Morning Light (sidewheeler), and Jewell

  12. Remedial Investigation Report for USATHAMA - RATSS Lake City Army Ammunition Plant, Independence, Missouri. Volume 2 (United States)


    experience biochemical alterations, nausea, headaches and in more severe cases, liver dysfunction ( jaundice , enlargement and fatty infiltration) (ACGIH...can result in cyanosis, methemoglobinemia, jaundice , anemia, sulfhemoglobinemia, and dark urine (EPA 1980). Short-term exposure to high levels of...regarding dermal absorption, but because RDX is relatively lipid insoluble, skin absorption is unlikely (Rosenblatt 1980). In humans, the toxic effects

  13. Milan Army Ammunition Plant. Remedial Investigation Report. Volume 4. Appendices M - T (United States)


    oak Quercus alba Willow oak Quercus phellos Osage orange Maclura pomifera Pecan Carya illinoensis Persimmon Diospyros virginiana Loblolly pine Pinus...Sweet gum Liquidambar styraciflua Pignut hickory Carya glabra Shagbark hickory Ca,’ya ovata Holly h1ex opaca Black locust Acer rubrum Black oak Quercus

  14. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 3. Appendices G Through J (United States)


    UNITS OpH PAPER i7, TURBID SPECFIC ONDUTIVIY urbas /m DOR PUMP RATE, GPM _______"_L__OTHER (SEE NOTES) EQUIPMEN’T DOCUMENTATION PERISTALTIC PUMP ISCO...12.000 -0.006 Q ~-w (n_ _ V)__ _- 6 000 0) 0) 0D 0 0 C? 9 C) (D WELL SPN-8&-:IC WELL 2I.AME.v.3125F, 92R..M LENGT0: !V, BORI , VAME:-1 .... TEST I ?•lE3 2

  15. An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the Hays Army Ammunition Plant, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. (United States)


    Society of Professional Archeologists in field, collections, and archival research; administration; museology ; teaching; and historical archeology...evidence of broad regional cultural interactions throughout the prehistoric Paloo-Indian, Archaic, and Woodland tra- ditions. As discussed in 2.1.1...available in draft for consultation by Hays AAP facility personnel (Stephanie Rodeffer, personal co=nuication 1983). In addition, the Carnegie Museum has

  16. Sustainable Ammunition Safety (SAS)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klerk, W.P.C. de; Hooijmeijer, P.; Harmelen, P. van


    In the Netherlands, no national industry in the field of energetic materials / ammunition for military applications is available. The knowledge of explosives, ammunition and ammunition on the vulnerability of platforms is limited, first to Defence regarding the logistical and operational practice an

  17. Primer Output and Initial Projectile Motion for 5.56- and 7.62-mm Ammunition (United States)


    ARL-TR-7479 ● SEP 2015 US Army Research Laboratory Primer Output and Initial Projectile Motion for 5.56- and 7.62-mm Ammunition...Output and Initial Projectile Motion for 5.56- and 7.62-mm Ammunition by John J Ritter and Richard A Beyer Weapons and Materials Research...

  18. Non standard pallet series designing problem in ammunition supply system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Liangchun; Guo Min; Wang Hongwei


    According to the compound packing problem in ammunition supply system in our army, the non-standard pallet series design model is proposed, and the original problem that can be solved as a set cover problem with a nested bin-packing problem, is analyzed, then two heuristic algorithms are applied to solve the problem.

  19. Engineering Guide for Fire Protection and Detection Systems at Army Ammunition Plants. Volume 1. Selection and Design (United States)


    control valves, Venturi -type controllers and/or pressure tanks, As the mixture of water and foam concentrate is discharged from the sprinkler head or...1 r~ileticetcr iaesheeti aeils td D Ignition of a cold cathoO tubo that initaiats tho alarm. The * burn weui produe mey deonse "Wubt

  20. An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant, Bossier and Webster Parishes, Louisiana. (United States)


    Corps of Engineers, provided very helpful information regarding the availability of early maps for the area. Dr. Wayne Hudnell, Louisiana have settled in the area of the facility. No roads crossed the area; the main roads were one built in 1827 from Fort Jessup to Fort Towson ...Louisiana. Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 34:144-187. Webb, Clarence H., Joel L. Shiner, and E. Wayne Roberts. 1971. The John Pearce Site

  1. An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the Holston Army Ammunition Plant, Hawkins and Sullivan Counties, Tennessee (United States)


    forest understory and floor include paw-paw, persiumon, black cherry, huckleberry, service-berry, wild plum, mayapple, blackberry, raspberry and...than today during the Mid-Holocene (8000-4000 years ago), followed by increased precipitation and cooling weather to present conditions. Thus, of an industrial wastewater treatment lift station and a large underground forced-main pipeline. The excavations were supervised by Jim

  2. Final Remedial Investigation Sampling Plan Addendum. Milan Army Ammunition Plant Remedial Investigation Southern Study Area (Operable Unit No. 5) (United States)


    planned to address these areas. Other field activities will consist of documenting (mapping) surficial extent of these areas via visual inspection...mapping) surficial extent of these areas via visual inspection & field measurements. All sampling activities will be performed with site clearance

  3. Prove-Out RAM Assessment Report for the 155 mm M483 LAP Line at Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant (United States)


    C o O- -— -. ^ — M -« U. 3 II O u. _ c c ca I (\\.irifcr-ecac — ( vnar ^ecac — fv.-3’tff"-(Vi-3-irerc-"t\\.-Jccc: — ir...70 Defense Documentation Center Cameron Station Alexandria, VA 22314 71-82 Weapon System Concept Team/CSL ATTN: DRDAR-ACW Aberdeen ...Proving Cround, MD 21010 83 Technical Library ATTN: DRDAR-CLJ-L Aberdeen Proving Cround, MD 21010 84 Technical Library ATTN: DRDAR

  4. Evaluation of Rhizobium tropici-derived Biopolymer for Erosion Control of Protective Berms. Field Study: Iowa Army Ammunition Plant (United States)


    7 Figure 2-2. Steps in the reconstruction of Berm 03-50-A...reduced the potential for soil transport. Figure 2-2. Steps in the reconstruction of Berm 03-50-A. 2.2.2 Biopolymer application Several different...clear line-of-sight is important for accurate repeated measurements. Grass was not an issue with the six-month scan, because while germination was

  5. An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the St. Louis Army Ammunition Plant, St. Louis County, Missouri. (United States)


    certified by the Society of Professional Archeologists in field, collections, and archival research; administration; museology ; teaching; and historical...socio-political-religious unit and interactions with smaller villages and hamlets. Due to the presence of Cahokia, a large Mississippian town several...Officer, Jefferson City. Munson, Patrick J. 1971. An Archaeological Survey of the American Bottoms and Wood River Terrace. Illinois State Museum Report

  6. Modified blank ammunition injuries. (United States)

    Ogunc, Gokhan I; Ozer, M Tahir; Coskun, Kagan; Uzar, Ali Ihsan


    Blank firing weapons are designed only for discharging blank ammunition cartridges. Because they are cost-effective, are easily accessible and can be modified to live firearms plus their unclear legal situation in Turkish Law makes them very popular in Turkey. 2004 through 2008, a total of 1115 modified blank weapons were seized in Turkey. Blank firing weapons are easily modified by owners, making them suitable for discharging live firearm ammunition or modified blank ammunitions. Two common methods are used for modification of blank weapons. After the modification, these weapons can discharge the live ammunition. However, due to compositional durability problems with these types of weapons; the main trend is to use the modified blank ammunitions rather than live firearm ammunition fired from modified blank firing weapons. In this study, two types of modified blank weapons and two types of modified blank cartridges were tested on three different target models. Each of the models' shooting side was coated with 1.3+/-2 mm thickness chrome tanned cowhide as a skin simulant. The first model was only coated with skin simulant. The second model was coated with skin simulant and 100% cotton police shirt. The third model was coated with skin simulant and jean denim. After the literature evaluation four high risky anatomic locations (the neck area; the eyes; the thorax area and inguinal area) were pointed out for the steel and lead projectiles are discharged from the modified blank weapons especially in close range (0-50 cm). The target models were designed for these anatomic locations. For the target models six Transparent Ballistic Candle blocks (TCB) were prepared and divided into two test groups. The first group tests were performed with lead projectiles and second group with steel projectile. The shortest penetration depth (lead projectile: 4.358 cm; steel projectile 8.032 cm) was recorded in the skin simulant and jean denim coated block for both groups. In both groups

  7. Funding Ammunition Ports (United States)


    Brewer, Bruce Busler, Bud Drew, Robynn Flamm, James Jackson, Colonel Richard Kramer, Jasmine Liburd, Frederick Rice, Tara Sample, Linda Wilson, and...Coleman, and Cedric Jasmin of Army Headquarters G-4; Gregory Bod- dorf , Dina Crowley, Susan Goodyear, and Kenneth Holderfield of the Army Materiel Com

  8. 75TH Field Artillery Brigade Ammunition Resupply During Operation Desert Storm (United States)


    doctrina . procedures durino pepacetime trainin.. Ic4 SuBJ(CT IERMS iS. NUMBER OF AGRM 122 FA Ammunition Resupply, FA Bde, Ammunition 16. PRICE CODE 17...Operations, A Concept for the Evolution of Airland Battle for the Strategic Army of the 1990s and Beyond (Fort Monroe , VA: TRADOC, August 1991) 1. 8. FM...TRADOC PAM 525-5, Airland Operations, A Concept for the Evolution of Airland Battle for the Strategic Army of the 1990s and Beyond, (Fort Monroe , VA

  9. Pilot Test of Hot Gas Decontamination of Explosives-Contaminated Equipment at Hawthorne Army Ammunition Plant (HWAAP), Hawthorne, Nevada. Appendices. Revision (United States)


    in turn couples with N, N-dimethyl-l-naphthylamine to produce an azo- dye . This dye is determined from its absorbance at 510 um. C3 N3 N3 0 9...used. For 0, monitors that cannae analyza using asn Oreat or ’yrlte anialyse as specifications end test ptocedures are zr a.achbutngscnnro sctaz eln 3

  10. Automation Study for Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant Hand Held Signal Flight Assembly, Rocket Barrel Assembly, 40 MM Signal, Final Packaging/Pack-Out, and Star Finishing (United States)


    Kenneth Shackelford, Carl Walek, Gene Muehleisen, Jamie Horning, Hugh Hines, Doyle Dorsey, Delbert Barton, John Broderick, E.V. Wilson, Hoss Watkins...refilled a maximum of four cimes an hour. The delay assembly contains energetic material and should be stacked so the material can not rub against the

  11. Transport and Fate of Nitroaromatic and Nitramine Explosives in Soils from Open Burning/Open Detonation Operations: Milan Army Ammunition Plant (MAAP) (United States)


    columns to eliminate photodegradation processes). Controlled tension (vacuum) was applied equally at the bottom of each soil column across the controlled...Environmental Science and Engineering; Gainesville, FL. (32) Ghodrati, M. and W.A. Jury. 1990. A field study using dyes to characterize preferential flow

  12. Evaluation of State-of-the-Art High Speed Deluge Systems Presently in Service at Various U.S. Army Ammunition Plants (United States)


    01CLASSIFIAT1o i ooWNGRAoING sO4EO4JLE distribution. 4. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMSER(S) S. MONITORING ORGANIZACION REPORT NUMSER(S) WL-TR-93...commercially available infrared flame detectors are somewhat susceptible to background infrared radiation from hot bodies and simple ambient light sources. There...high-speed deluge system activations result from poor installation, ambient conditions not suitable for the detection system, degradation of

  13. Comparative Demonstration of Active and Semi-Passive In Situ Bioremediation Approaches for Perchlorate-Impacted Groundwater (Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant) (United States)


    subsurface geology at Site 16 consists primarily of a thin veneer of Quaternary alluvium mantling Tertiary age formations of the Wilcox and Midway Groups...APPENDIX C BOREHOLE LOGS & WELL CONSTRUCTION DETAILS 2 inch diameter schedule 40 PVC screen (0.010 inch slotted) cement surface seal drilled hole...8.5 inches in diameter portland cement with 8% bentonite 2 inch diameter well casing 20/40 filter sand 20/40 filter sand bottom screen end cap

  14. Defense Logistics: Actions Needed to Improve Department-Wide Management of Conventional Ammunition Inventory (United States)


    inventory of certain missile items—including Stinger, Javelin, and Hellfire missiles —and the Joint Munitions Command manages all other ammunition items... Missile Command does not contribute to the annual reporting or redistribution process, but 52Missile support material refers to component parts...annual reports. The Army’s annual report, however, does not include information on certain missiles . Also, the Army’s report does not include

  15. Results of a Study Investigating the Plant Uptake of Explosive Residues From Compost of Explosives-Contaminated Soil Obtained from the Umatilla Army Depot Activity (United States)


    and explosive by-products in nine plant species. These plant species included: Radish ( Raphanus sativus L. variety Cherry Belle), Kale (Brassica...Umatilla Army Depot Activity Vegetable Crops: • Radish ( Raphanus sativus L. variety Cherry Belle) - A quick-growing root crop which can be grown to...seeds of radish ( Raphanus sativus variety Cherry Belle), lettuce Plant Uptake of Explosives 3-18 Umatilla Army Depot Activity o < o ft <u Q >> T3

  16. Plasma ignition for medium calibre ammunition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Driel, C.A. van; Schilt, A.; Simor, M.; Schaffers, P.; Weise, T.


    Gun performance is usually affected by the operating temperature of the ammunition or weapon. This is caused by several factors, amongst which the temperature dependency of the propellant ignition and combustion processes. Compensation of temperature effects on weapon or ammunition performance is po

  17. Steel Ammunition Bins, MIL-STD-l66O Tests. (United States)


    Research, Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC) to conduct MIL- STD -1660 tests on steel ammunition bins with newly-designed plywood lids for use in the...transportation of hazardous waste. This report contains test results of the steel ammunition bins with plywood lids meeting MIL- STD -1660, Design Criteria for Ammunition Unit Loads, test procedures.

  18. Tombs, tunnels, and terraces a cultural resources survey of a former ammunition supply point in Okinawa, Japan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verhaaren, B. T.; Levenson, J. B.; Komine, G.


    U.S. forces serving at military bases on foreign soil are obligated to act as good stewards of the cultural and natural resources under their control. However, cultural resources management presents special challenges at U.S. bases in other countries where cultural properties laws differ in emphasis and detail from those in the United States and issues of land ownership and occupancy are not always clear. Where status of forces agreements (SOFAs) exist, environmental governing standards bridge the gap between U.S. and host nation cultural priorities. In Japan, the Department of Defense Japan Environmental Governing Standards (JEGS) fill this function. Under Criteria 12-4.2 and 12-4.3 of the JEGS, U.S. Forces Japan commit themselves to inventory and protect cultural properties found on the lands they control or use. Cultural properties include archaeological sites, tombs, historic buildings, and shrines. Natural monuments, such as landscape features or plant and animal species, may also be designated as cultural properties. As part of this commitment, in February 1999 a cultural resources inventory was conducted in Area 1, part of Kadena Air Base (AB), Okinawa, Japan. Area 1, the former U.S. army Ammunition Supply Point 1, is currently used primarily for training exercises and recreational paint ball.

  19. An epidemiological study on malignant tumor in employees in a firearms and ammunition plant%某厂枪弹制造作业人员恶性肿瘤流行病学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李垚; 那常筠; 袁重胜; 王洪军; 姚荫龙; 吴艳萍; 赵新军


    目的从流行病学的角度研究某厂枪弹制造作业人员恶性肿瘤的死亡水平,为进一步研究二者之间关系提供线索。方法应用回顾性队列研究法追访6 310人,观察91 600.0人年。观察期从1981年1月1日至1995年12月31日。结果该作业全死因粗死亡率590.61/10万人年,恶性肿瘤粗死亡率216.16/10万人年,居死因第一位。以哈尔滨市1986~1990年男性恶性肿瘤死亡专率为标准,暴露组及其中的熔铜、热加工组男性恶性肿瘤死亡超量,SMR 分别为1.49、2.17、2.41,男性 RRT 分别为2.41、2.62(P<0.01)。其中热加工组男性肺癌 SMR 为3.40,RRT 为4.59(P<0.01);熔铜组男性肝癌SMR为4.48,RRT为4.50(P<0.01)。结论该作业男性恶性肿瘤死亡超量,尤其是热加工工人肺癌、熔铜作业工人肝癌死亡超量有统计学意义,其他工种及其他肿瘤均无明显超量。%Objective Malignant tumor mortality in employees was conducted in a firearms and ammunition plant to study their association.Methods Totally,6 310 employees were followed-up in a retrospective cohort,with 91 600.0 person-years,from January 1,1981 to December 31,1995.Results Crude mortality of all causes was 590.61 per 100 000 person-years in this plant,and malignant tumor-specific mortality 216.16 per 100 000,ranking the first place in the causes of death.Standardized mortality ratio (SMR) of malignant tumor was 1.49,2.17 and 2.41(P<0.01) for those exposed to firearms and ammunition,copper melting and heating,respectively,for male employees,with malignant tumor-specific mortality of males in Harbin during years of 1986 to 1990 as a reference,and relative risk(RR) was 2.41 and 2.62 for those exposed to copper melting and heating(P<0.01),respectively.SMR for lung cancer in male employees exposed to heating was 3.40 with an RR of 4.59(P<0.01),and SMR for liver cancer in

  20. Design of Guided Air Ammunition's Optimal Guidance Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Min; LIU Zao-zhen; WANG Bao-cheng


    Some long distance air ammunition can be used to attack large still target. According to this character and according to the mathematical description of target-missile relative motion built by the message supplied by the strapdown inertial navigation system/global position system (SINS/GPS) of air ammunition, optimal guidance law is designed by applying optimal control theory. The simulation is provided to indicate that when the air ammunition reaches the target, its line-of-sight (LOS) and LOS angular rate can nearly equal zero. So the air ammunition can get good terminal attitude, and the air ammunition reaches the target at the expected velocity and heading.

  1. Global Demands: Limited Forces. US Army Deployment (United States)


    space lot tirve. hence a rlassical moble defense is !uled out. in Eur ope, one finds not only a lack of geostrategic depth but also an understandable...fuel and ammunition require- ments, putting greater reliance on technology ; Clausewitz-like "friction" always diminishes expected performance...34 Moreover, as General Donald R. Keith has said, " Technology won’t save us if we don’t field it." 18 One serious drain on Army resources is POMCUS-prepo

  2. Environmentally Acceptable Medium Caliber Ammunition Percussion Primers (United States)


    typically contain lead styphnate and antimony sulfide along with other constituents. Although highly effective, these heavy metal compounds have been...contain barium nitrate. Although not negatively categorized by the EPA itself, barium compounds are generally regarded as toxic and likewise should...contains the lead styphnate based FA956 composition2 which is a typical formulation of conventional military ammunition percussion primers. The

  3. Environmental Acceptable Medium Caliber Ammunition Percussion Primers (United States)


    percussion primers typically consist of lead styphnate and antimony sulfide. Although highly effective, these heavy material compounds were identified under...Percussion primers, including those used in medium caliber ammunition, typically contain lead styphnate and antimony sulfide along with other constituents...Furthermore, current percussion primer compositions also contain barium nitrate. Although not negatively categorized by the Environmental Protection

  4. Strapdown Homing Guidance System Design for Some Ammunition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    The strapdown homing guidance system for some ammunition was mainly studied. A strong tracking Kalman filter was designed for the strapdown homing guidance system using the information measured by the strapdown homing seeker to estimate relative movement variables between the ammunition and target. Then the optimal proportional law, which using the estimated information, guided the ammunition. Simulation results show that the designed strapdown homing guidance system with strong tracking Kalman filter can attack the maneuvering target effectively, and satisfy the performance index for the guided ammunition system.

  5. Concept of Field Storage of Ammunition and Explosives in 20’ Standard Container (United States)


    eksplosiv- stoffer. Forsvarets Eksplosivstofkommission, Denmark 1990. 13 Tecnical Data Package, Quickload Program, Storing mixed ammunition in conex container. Project Manager, Ammunition Logistics, AMCPM-AL NJ, USA 1991.

  6. 27 CFR 479.192 - Commerce in firearms and ammunition. (United States)


    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Commerce in firearms and..., AND CERTAIN OTHER FIREARMS Other Laws Applicable § 479.192 Commerce in firearms and ammunition. For provisions relating to commerce in firearms and ammunition, including the movement of destructive...

  7. 22 CFR 123.17 - Exports of firearms and ammunition. (United States)


    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exports of firearms and ammunition. 123.17... FOR THE EXPORT OF DEFENSE ARTICLES § 123.17 Exports of firearms and ammunition. (a) Except as provided... export without a license of components and parts for Category I(a) firearms, except barrels,...

  8. Cerulean Warbler Occurrence Atlas for Military Installations (United States)


    Army Ammuniton Plant (Closed) IN NO 2009 Army IOWA ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT IA UNCERTAIN 2009 USACE J. Percy Priest Lake TN UNCERTAIN 2009 USACE J...Stonewall Jackson Lake WV UNCERTAIN 2009 USACE Summersville Lake WV no POC Army Sunflower Army Ammunition Plant KS no POC USACE Sutton Lake WV UNCERTAIN

  9. Radiological assessment of cartridge 120-mm, APFSDS-T, XM829 ammunition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hooker, C.D.; Hadlock, D.E.; Soldat, K.L.; Gilchrist, R.L.


    The components of the XM829 round effectively shield out nonpenetrating beta radiation emitted by the depleted uranium; however, photons cna penetrate the components of the round and are therefore the predominant emission. The radiation levels associated with the XM829 ammunition are low. The maximum emissions measured from a cartridge are not likely to result in exposure to military personnel above the maximum permissible nonoccupational dose limits listed in Army Regulation (AR) 40-14. Based upon the specifications contained in 49 CFR 173.424 and the radiation measurement data, the XM829 shipping package may be excepted from the specification packaging, marking and labeling requirements of subpart 49 CFR 173 as long as the outer surface of the uranium is enclosed in an inactive sheath and the conditions specified in 49 CFR 421 (b), (c), and (d) are met.

  10. Evaluation of Various Organic Fertilizer Substrates and Hydraulic Retention Times for Enhancing Anaerobic Degradation of Explosives-Contaminated Groundwater While Using Constructed Wetlands at the Milan Army Ammunition Plant, Milan, Tennessee. (United States)


    sparging or pruning -. Seei manual sect: 5. Injection Technique As soon as the INJECT light comes on, inject the sample into the POC sparger through the...or perforated glass beads is not satisfactory to obtain smooth boiiing. Hengar chips are available from Arthur H. Thomas Company, Vine & Third

  11. A High Resolution Ammunition Resupply Model. (United States)


    Missile Range, Jew Mexico 88002 190 Hejjuarters, Department of the Arsp Of o he Depuy Ch ef of Staf for operations and Pl ans ATTII DA8O-2D Washlngton...D.C. 20310 20. Commander US Army Conceits and Analysis Agency ATTN: MOCA -W 8120 Wsodmout veue(Bethesda, Marylan" 20014 266S"-~--- . 21. Director 1us...Range, New Mexico 88002 24. Director Combat Developments. Studies Division ATTN: MAJ W. Scott Wallace US Army Armor Agency Fort Knox, Kentucky 40121 25

  12. Reducing impacts from ammunitions: A comparative life-cycle assessment of four types of 9mm ammunitions. (United States)

    Ferreira, Carlos; Ribeiro, José; Almada, Sara; Rotariu, Traian; Freire, Fausto


    Increase of environmental awareness of the population has pressured research activities in the defence area to cover environment and toxicity issues, where have been considered appropriate manners to reduce the environmental and toxicological impacts of ammunition. One of the adopted approaches to achieve such goal involves the replacement of lead and other heavy metals by alternative materials. However, the consequences of using alternative materials in ammunitions manufacturing are uncertain for the other life-cycle phases and trade-offs can occur. The present paper describes the potential benefits from the replacement of lead in the primer and in the projectile of a 9mm calibre ammunition. For that purpose, it is assessed and compared the environmental and toxicological impacts associated with the life-cycle of four ammunitions: combination of two types of projectiles (steel jacket and lead core; copper and nylon composite) with two types of primers (lead primer; non-lead primer). In addition, some potential improvements for the environmental performance of small calibre ammunition are also presented. To assess the impacts two Life-Cycle Impact Assessment methods are applied: CML for six environmental categories and USEtox to three toxicity categories. Results showed that the conclusion drawn for environmental and toxicological impact categories are distinct. In fact, ammunition production phase presents higher impacts for the environmental categories, whilst the operation phase has a higher impact to the toxicity categories. The substitution of lead in the primer and in the projectile provides a suitable alternative from a toxicology perspective; however, the composite projectile still presents some environmental concerns. The conclusions drawn are important for the procurement (and design) of environmental responsible ammunitions, in order to avoid (or decrease) the impacts for their manufacture and the effects on human health (e.g. shooters) and ecosystems

  13. 27 CFR 478.120 - Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien. (United States)


    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien. 478.120 Section 478.120 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION...

  14. 27 CFR 478.153 - Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or... (United States)


    ... weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or imported for the purposes of testing... AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.153 Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity... weapon, and § 478.40a with respect to large capacity ammunition feeding devices, shall not apply to...

  15. Study of Brass Obturator Design for Combustible Cartridge Case for 105mm Tank Gun Ammunition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.K. Syal


    Full Text Available Brass cartridge case provides rearward obturation in the tank gun ammunition where the gun systedt has a sliding breech mechanism. In the case of semi-combustible cartridge case (SCCC ammunition, obturation is provided by a smal1 metal stub. The mechanism of obturation and obturator design for kinetic energy and high explosive squash heat (HESH, SCCC ammunition of 105mm tank gun have been studied. The dynamic firing results for SCCC ammunition for 105 mm tank gun reveal height 115 mm provides perfect obturation. The ballistic performance of SCCC ammunition is comparable with that of the brass-cartridged round in the pressure range 150-450 MPa.

  16. The United States Army Logistics Center Historical Summary. (RCS-HIS-6 (R2)). 1 October 1976 to 30 September 1978. (United States)


    special review to further assess the program and provided Dr. Percy Pierre, the Assistant Secretary Army (RDA), information upon which to base a...ATCL-TA, 11 Oct 77, Subj: US Army Training Center, Ft Jackson ; Ltr, ATCL-TA, LOGC, 9 Dec 77, Subj: Containerized Shipment and Storage of Ammunition...COSSA); LOGC DMMC Independent Evaluation Report, 2 Mar 78; Trip Report, ATCL-TA, 26 Jun 78, Subj: Staff Visit to Ft Jackson ; Trip Report, ATCL-TA, 11

  17. Influence of chamber misalignment on cased telescoped (CT) ammunition accuracy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    As part of a research program, it was desired to better understand the impact of the rotating chamber alignment with the barrel throat on the precision and accuracy of a novel cased telescoped (CT) ammunition firing rifle. In order to perform the study, a baseline CT ammunition chamber which was concentric with a Mann barrel bore was manufactured. Additionally, six chambers were manufactured with an offset relative to the barrel bore. These chambers were used to simulate a misaligned chamber relative to the bore axis. Precision and accuracy tests were then performed at 200 m in an indoor range under controlled conditions. For this project, 5.56 mm CT ammunition was used. As the chamber axis offset relative to the gun bore was increased, the mean point of impact was displaced away from the target center. The shift in the impact location is explained by the presence of in-bore yaw which results in lateral throw-off and aerodynamic jump components. The linear theory of ballistics is used to establish a relationship between the chamber misalignment and the resulting projectile mean point of impact for a rifle developed to fire CT ammunition. This relationship allows for the prediction of the mean point of impact given a chamber misalignment.

  18. Wounding characteristics of "shotshell" ammunition: a report of three cases. (United States)

    Zumwalt, R E; Campbell, B; Balraj, E; Adelson, L; Fransioli, M


    Wounds caused by "shotshells" in three homicides are presented. Characteristics of shotshell ammunition based on test firings of .38 Special shotshells are detailed. Differences between shotshell wounds and shotgun wounds may include pattern spread, number of pellet defects, and defects caused by the shotshell wadding and plastic capsule.

  19. Design and implementation of ammunition containerization security management system based on RFID%基于RFID的弹药集装化保障管理系统设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宏伟; 何源; 赵宗宁


    随着弹药装备发展,传统保障模式存在的弊端不断显现。针对现代军事物流特点,着眼实现部队弹药装备信息化保障,利用数字信息化手段,以RFID技术为核心,配合WiFi应用,率先设计实现了一种弹药集装化保障管理系统。可全程动态实时可视化管理弹药装备,提高了管理能力,增强了安全性,为我军弹药保障实现信息化提供了一定借鉴意义。%With the development of ammunition,the insufficiency of traditional security pattern emerges. In order to realize the military equipment support informatization,according to the characteristics of modern military logistics,taking RFID as the key technology,a kind of ammunition containerization security management system was designed by means of digital informatiza-tion technology and WiFi. The system realized dynamic real-time visualization management of ammunition,improved the manage-ment ability,enhanced security,provided a reference for the ammunition informatization support of Chinese army.

  20. Tasked and Ready: The Armys Commitment to the Better Buying Power Program (United States)


    adversaries as isolated as individual terrorists and as large as nation-states. Our portfolio must span aviation, ground vehicles, missiles, ammunition...and elimination of chemical and biological weapons. This breadth of portfolios coupled with significant fund- ing and manpower reductions posed by...programs of record, then examined ongoing sustainment needs from a total-life-cycle perspective . The Army continues to identify critical technolo- gies

  1. Crusader Automated Docking System: Technology support for the Crusader Resupply Team. Interim report, Ammunition Logistics Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kring, C.T.; Varma, V.K.; Jatko, W.B.


    The US Army and Team Crusader (United Defense, Lockheed Martin Armament Systems, etc.) are developing the next generation howitzer, the Crusader. The development program includes an advanced, self-propelled liquid propellant howitzer and a companion resupply vehicle. The resupply vehicle is intended to rendezvous with the howitzer near the battlefront and replenish ammunition, fuel, and other material. The Army has recommended that Crusader incorporate new and innovative technologies to improve performance and safety. One conceptual design proposes a robotic resupply boom on the resupply vehicle to upload supplies to the howitzer. The resupply boom would normally be retracted inside the resupply vehicle during transit. When the two vehicles are within range of the resupply boom, the boom would be extended to a receiving port on the howitzer. In order to reduce exposure to small arms fire or nuclear, biological, and chemical hazards, the crew would remain inside the resupply vehicle during the resupply operation. The process of extending the boom and linking with the receiving port is called docking. A boom operator would be designated to maneuver the boom into contact with the receiving port using a mechanical joystick. The docking operation depends greatly upon the skill of the boom operator to manipulate the boom into docking position. Computer simulations at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration have shown that computer-assisted or autonomous docking can improve the ability of the operator to dock safely and quickly. This document describes the present status of the Crusader Autonomous Docking System (CADS) implemented at Oak Ridge National laboratory (ORNL). The purpose of the CADS project is to determine the feasibility and performance limitations of vision systems to satisfy the autonomous docking requirements for Crusader and conduct a demonstration under controlled conditions.

  2. Study on risk measurement about ammunition-rocket system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gu Xiaohui; Zhao Youshou


    Modern ammunition-rocket system is a complicated multidisciplinary system. During its development,undetermined factors will bring many risks. This paper elaborates the importance of risk analysis approach to ammunition-rocket system development and analyses various methods of risk analysis and estimation. Combined with practical situation of weapon system development, the risk measurement function with characteristics of risk preference is given provided that the risk preference characteristic of behavior maker is risk neutral of fixed constant. The development risk analysis based on risk measurement function enables effective risk decision to be made on the basis of quantified risk.Taking anti-helicopter intelligent mine warhead as an example, the paper verifies the efficiency of the method and shows that it has a scientific and practical value.

  3. Software requirements specification for an ammunition management system


    Alderman, Robert Bruce


    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This thesis concerns the software requirements necessary to automate the present manual effort associated with ammunition inventory management and reporting at the afloat end-user level. Functional characteristics for the application software are developed, program and data structures are proposed and possible sources of data are identified. The end-product of this research is the software requirements specification. This document sup...

  4. A Design of Penetration Ammunition Fuse System Based on Embedded Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Qiang; LIU Xiao-ming; XIE Xiao-mei


    The hard target smart fuse of penetration ammunition is developing to be smaller,lighter, smarter and multifunction. After analyzing the characteristics of high-g accelerating signals and the penetration algorithms, this paper provides a solution of penetration ammunition fuse system based on embedded technology. This fuse system realizes acquisition of the high-g accelerating signals and uses the appropriate penetration algorithms to process them. The fuse system can not only make the same type of penetration ammunition to attack different kinds of objects accurately, but also meet the other requirements of the function of penetration ammunition fuse system.

  5. Army Technology (United States)


    capabilities that results in rapid and efficient biosurveillance . The program uses an information portal similar to a health surveillance web...and quickly.” The D3 program is part of the broader Joint U.S. Forces Korea Portal and Integrated Threat Reduction Advanced Technology Demonstration... biosurveillance capabilities. Army researchers traveled to Korea with a suite of equipment, including nine commercial detector systems. Some of the systems are

  6. Army Robotics (United States)


    Army Robotics 07 October 2009 Dr. Grant Gerhart, Senior Research Scientist Bernard Theisen, Joint Center for Robotics DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A... Robots 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Grant Gerhart; Bernard Theisen 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK...CBRNE • IED Defeat Systems • Disarm / Disrupt • Reconnaissance • Investigation • Explosive Sniffer • Common Robotic Kit • EOD • Convoy • Log

  7. Peacetime Industrial Preparedness for Wartime Ammunition Production (United States)


    Secretary of Defense Harold Brown is offered. Following a discussion of actions taken to redress prior materiel readiness shortfalls, the Secretary...York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1978), pp. 315-316. 3. Harold Brown , Report of the Secretary of Defense to the Congress on the FY 1980 Budget...encompasses activities which range from the "Dante’s Inferno " of a metal parts plant to the antiseptically clean environment of a load, assemble, and pack

  8. Army Airships (United States)


    contains some type of internal support structure such as a keel. A rigid airship has a full skeleton, such as the Zeppelin model from the mid 1900‟s...the World War One, the Germans used zeppelins with limited success to attack the United Kingdom (UK) in a “strategic bomber” role. The US used...similar objectives.21 The Army initiated CPR‟s on every acquisition program to identify redundancies and create efficiencies. CPR‟s have led to more

  9. 37 CFR 5.18 - Arms, ammunition, and implements of war. (United States)


    ... implements of war. 5.18 Section 5.18 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK... implements of war. (a) The exportation of technical data relating to arms, ammunition, and implements of war... parts 120 through 130); the articles designated as arms, ammunitions, and implements of war...

  10. 32 CFR 552.124 - Transportation of privately owned weapons and ammunition. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Transportation of privately owned weapons and... owned weapons and ammunition. (a) Privately owned firearms and ammunition will be transported in the following manner: (1) Weapons, other than weapons being transported into Fort Lewis for the first time,...

  11. Use of Designed Experiments in the "Green Ammunition" Program (United States)


    Excellence HEAVY METALS Primer Compositions Lead Styphnate Barium Nitrate Antimony Sulfide Green Ammunition Target Materials HEAVY METALS Projectile Slug Lead... Barium Peroxide Lead Dioxide Barium Nitrate ODCs Methyl Chloroform ODCs Casemouth Sealant Methyl Chloroform Committed To Excellence Non-Toxic Ammunition

  12. Lead-free hunting rifle ammunition: product availability, price, effectiveness, and role in global wildlife conservation. (United States)

    Thomas, Vernon George


    Proposals to end the use of lead hunting ammunition because of the established risks of lead exposure to wildlife and humans are impeded by concerns about the availability, price, and effectiveness of substitutes. The product availability and retail prices of different calibers of lead-free bullets and center-fire rifle ammunition were assessed for ammunition sold in the USA and Europe. Lead-free bullets are made in 35 calibers and 51 rifle cartridge designations. Thirty-seven companies distribute internationally ammunition made with lead-free bullets. There is no major difference in the retail price of equivalent lead-free and lead-core ammunition for most popular calibers. Lead-free ammunition has set bench-mark standards for accuracy, lethality, and safety. Given the demonstrated wide product availability, comparable prices, and the effectiveness of high-quality lead-free ammunition, it is possible to phase out the use of lead hunting ammunition world-wide, based on progressive policy and enforceable legislation.

  13. 27 CFR 478.148 - Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes. (United States)


    ... intended for sporting or industrial purposes. 478.148 Section 478.148 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and... ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes. The Director may exempt certain armor piercing... for any such ammunition which is primarily intended for sporting purposes or intended for...

  14. Army Modernization Strategy 2008 (United States)


    hazard. The SUGV modular design allows multiple payloads to be integrated in a plug-and- play fashion . Weighing less than 30 pounds, it is capable...the Army will: Continue to field LMP (to include Army Installations) Plan for and field GCSS-Army (F/T) Plan for and field GCSS-Army ( PLM +) Define

  15. Study on Storage Reliability Evaluation for Ammunition Using Gibbs Sampler

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    For the gradual maturity of Bayesian survival analysis theory, as well as the defects of the traditional methods for storage reliability evaluation, the Bayesian survival analysis method is proposed to build regression models for reliability in the random truncated test. These models can reflect the influences of different environments on the ammunition storage lifetime. As an example, the common exponential distribution is used here, and Markov chain Monte Carlo(MCMC)method based on Gibbs sampling dynamically simulates the Markov chain of the parameters' posterior distribution. Also,the parameters' Bayesian estimations are calculated in the random truncated condition. The simulation results show that the proposed method is effective and directly perceived.

  16. 弹药木包装箱阻燃处理的研究%Study on Fire Retarding Treatment of Ammunition Wood Packaging Box

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何淑芬; 王伟


    简要介绍了目前弹药木包装箱由于材料和结构的特点,在部队仓储、运输等勤务处理和战时使用中存在的燃爆隐患。通过对国内木材阻燃情况的调研,并结合弹药木包装箱特点,利用开发的新型阻燃剂,通过对木材表面刷阻燃剂与不刷阻燃剂2种不同工艺状态下,燃烧时间、质量损失率2项指标的对比试验,表明经过阻燃处理的弹药木包装箱,其阻燃防火性能效果明显,可借鉴参考,指导生产。%The hidden dangers exist in current ammunition wood packaging box were introduced, which were burning and explosion, during army service such as storage, transportation and usage in war because of its materials and structures" characters. By means of survey and study into domestic wood fire-prevention condition and considering the character of ammunition wood packing box, a comparative test was carried out to find the difference in burning time and the rate of mass loss between the two kinds of wood materials, one's surface painted with the newly-developed fire retardant and the other without. The result showed that the ammunition wood packaging box treated by fire-prevention has excellent fire-prevention effect. The purpose was .to provide reference for production.

  17. 前混式磨料水射流弹药切割机的研究与开发%Research and Development of Premixing Abrasive Water-jet Cutting Machine for Ammunition Destruction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝爽; 吕游; 李湘文


    In order to achieve the disintegration of dangerous ammunitions,an ammunition cutting machine based on premixing abrasive water-jet technology was developed.Through the system design,abrasive supply system study,special actuator development,some problems in application of the technology have been solved.The field experiment showed that the developed cutting machine could safely,economically,environment-friendly and flexibly cut dangerous ammunitions,has been included in the formal army equipments.%为了解决危险弹药解体问题,研制了基于前混式磨料水射流技术的弹药切割机,通过对系统方案设计、磨料供应系统研究、专用执行机构的开发,解决了技术应用中存在的问题,现场试验证明,研制设备达到了安全、可靠、经济、环保、灵活切割危险弹药的目的,已列入部队正式装备。

  18. Reducing Lead on the Landscape: Anticipating Hunter Behavior in Absence of a Free Nonlead Ammunition Program.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loren Chase

    Full Text Available Lead is a neurotoxin that has been documented to affect many forms of wildlife, and has been identified as a limiting factor in a population of California Condors in Northern Arizona. The Arizona Game and Fish Department provides vouchers for free nonlead ammunition to hunters selected to hunt within the distribution of California Condors, with the intention of having fewer lead-laden offal piles available to California Condors. Although wildlife agencies may reasonably assume voucher programs motivate hunters into choosing nonlead ammunition, the lead reduction efforts attributable to the voucher program has not been empirically quantified. Our intention was to compare a control group of hunters to a treatment group of hunters within California Condor occupied areas. Both groups received educational materials regarding the deleterious effects of lead, but the treatment group also received a voucher for a free initial box of ammunition. About half of the control group used nonlead ammunition, compared to about three-fourths of the treatment group. Prominent barriers to adoption of nonlead ammunition included a general difficulty of obtaining it, obtaining it in the desired caliber, and its costliness. Frequently mentioned motivations for using nonlead was the exhortation to use it by the Department, and the desire to aid California Condor recovery by hunters. The disparate compliance rates found herein confirm and quantify the success of nonlead ammunition voucher programs, but underscore the importance of working to increase the supply of nonlead ammunition with the end of facilitating its procurement and reducing its cost.

  19. 弹药储供信息技术课程内容体系构建与实践%The Establishment and Practice of Ammunition Storage and Supply Information Technologies Curriculum Content System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡军锋; 宣兆龙; 武洪文


    文中针对弹药储供信息技术课程教学现状及存在问题,以培养学员信息技术运用能力和岗位任职能力为主旨,构建了弹药保障信息采集、传递、储存、处理、应用为一体的教学内容体系。探索形成了实装实训、模拟虚拟、自主创新的实践教学内容,强化了学员弹药保障信息技术运用能力提高,为培养适应建设信息化军队、打赢信息化条件下联合战争需要的弹药保障人才奠定坚实的基础。%This paper aiming at the current situation and existing problems of ammunition storage and supply information technologies curriculum,the content system of the ammunition support information collection,transmission,storage,processing, application are constructed in order to cultivate the students'ability of information technology applying ability and capacidade professional ability.The practice teaching content of the real practice,virtual simulation and independent innovation are explored and ammunition support information technology applying ability is intensified and improved for students.The curriculum reform establish the solid foundation of ammunition support talents to build informationization army and win joint war under the condition of informationization.

  20. 48 CFR 252.223-7002 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives. (United States)


    ... component part of an explosive, an ammunition or explosive end item, or of a weapon system— (i) Inert...) Oxidizers; (v) Powdered metals; or (vi) Other materials having fire or explosive characteristics. (b)...

  1. 32 CFR 553.7 - Design and layout of Army national cemeteries. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Design and layout of Army national cemeteries... RESERVATIONS AND NATIONAL CEMETERIES ARMY NATIONAL CEMETERIES § 553.7 Design and layout of Army national cemeteries. (a) General cemetery layout plans, landscape planting plans and gravesite layout plans for...

  2. Hydroacoustic detection of dumped ammunition in the Ocean with multibeam snippet backscatter analyses. A case study from the 'Kolberger Heide' ammunition dump site (Baltic Sea, Germany) (United States)

    Kunde, Tina; Schneider von Deimling, Jens


    Dumped ammunition in the sea is a matter of great concern in terms of safe navigation and environmental threads. Because corrosion of the dumped ammunition's hull is ongoing, future contamination of the ambient water by their toxic interior is likely to occur. The location of such dump sites is approximately known from historical research and ship log book analyses. Subsequent remote sensing of ammunition dumping sites (e.g. mines) on the seafloor is preferentially performed with hydro-acoustic methods such as high resolution towed side scan or by the sophisticated synthetic aperture sonar approach with autonomous underwater vehicles. However, these are time consuming and expensive procedures, while determining the precise position of individual mines remains a challenging task. To mitigate these shortcomings we suggest using ship-born high-frequency multibeam sonar in shallow water to address the task of mine detection and precise localization on the seabed. Multibeam sonar systems have improved their potential in regard to backscatter analyses significantly over the past years and nowadays present fast and accurate tools for shallow water surveying to (1) detect mines in multibeam snippet backscatter data (2) determine their precise location with high accuracy intertial navigation systems. A case study was performed at the prominent ammunition dumping site 'Kolberger Heide' (Baltic Sea, Germany) in the year 2014 using a modern hydro-acoustic multibeam echosounder system with 200-400 kHz (KONGSBERG EM2040c). With an average water depth of not even 20 m and the proximity to the shore line and dense waterways, this investigated area requires permanent navigational care. Previously, the study area was surveyed by the Navy with the very sophisticated HUGIN AUV equipped with a synthetic aperture sonar with best resolution by current technology. Following an evaluation of the collected data, various ammunition bodies on the sea floor could be clearly detected. Analyses

  3. Complexity and Army Transformation (United States)

    Calhoun, Mark T.

    On 12 Octther 1999, the U.S. Army began a journey down a new path to innovation, when General Eric Shinseki presented his vision of Army Transformation at the 45th annual meeting of the Association of the United States Army. In this speech, General Shinseki described the Army as an organization consisting of heavy forces with excellent staying power but poor strategic responsiveness, light forces with excellent responsiveness but poor staying power, and a logistics system with an excessively large footprint. His proposed solution, a comprehensive change of the Army resulting in full-spectrum dominance and strategic responsiveness, would occur so quickly as to "be unnerving to some." [Shinseki. 1999] While this prediction has turned out in some ways to be true, it is not necessarily the speed of change that is unnerving to many of the people studying Army Transformation.

  4. 2010 Army Modernization Strategy (United States)


    Capability Release ( JCR ) software upgrades with BFT2 and KGV-72s provides Type-1 security and enhanced (10X) L-band bandwidth to current FBCB2 terminals...Additionally, JCR will include the co-host of the TiGR and the Army will leverage to support HBCT to SBCT conversions starting in FY11. By FY13...Army Human Intelligence 89 2010 ARMY MODERNIZATION STRATEGY WWW.G8.ARMY.MIL IBCT: IED: IED: IFPC: IPADS: IRB: ISR: IT: JAB: JBC-P: JCR : JETS

  5. From the Instrument of Delivery to the Actual Agent of Harm: Fighting the Criminal Purchase of Ammunition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vries, de M.S.


    The illegal trade in ammunition in the Netherlands seems to be a small-scale problem. However, as a result of high profits and a small chance of being caught, it is an extremely attractive criminal activity for malicious individuals. The criminal purchase of ammunition is facilitated by weaknesses i

  6. Warfare has changed - so should have methods: Ammunition and weapon performance induced operational risk and safety issues

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhagen, T.L.A.; Voorde, M.J. van de


    Warfare has changed. Out-of-area operations have increased the awareness that we are unfamiliar with the performance of the current conventional medium and large calibre ammunitions in day-to-day practice. Current ammunition is primarily developed and procured to defeat the traditional ‘steel’ targe

  7. Army Overdependency on Contractors (United States)


    Army Overdependency on Contrators EWS 2005 Subject Area Topical Issues Contemporary Issues Paper Submitted by Captain HL Morris...aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington Headquarters Services , Directorate for Information... service would not be interrupted if the contractor failed to perform. The guidelines also mandated that the Army had to be capable of providing

  8. Historical Development Summary of Automatic Cannon Caliber Ammunition: 20-30 Millimeter (United States)


    o, this report is specified on verso of front cover. " 0 19. KEY WORDS (Continue on reverse side If necessary and Identify by block numb, r...M53. F. Amor Piercing Projectiles The evolution of armor and armor piercing ammunition is a continuous see-saw. The improvement of one forces a

  9. 27 CFR 70.444 - Importation of arms, ammunition, and implements of war. (United States)


    ..., ammunition, and implements of war. 70.444 Section 70.444 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND... implements of war. Part 47 of title 27 CFR implements Executive Order 11958 and supplements the import... implements of war, (b) Import permit requirements, (c) Import certification and verification, (d)...

  10. Numerical Modelling of Caseless Ammunition with Coreless Bullet in Internal Ballistics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    U. S. Silva-Rivera


    Full Text Available In the search of a new weapon for combat in short range, it is proposed the use of a new experimentally designed 7.62 mm calibre ammunition with a lighter weight (caseless-coreless. This can be used in carbine assault rifles with short barrel or pistols. In this work, the compressible gases flowing through the gun barrel caused by the proposed ammunition were experimentally and numerically analysed. The Large Eddy Simulation was used for the numerical simulation, considering a compressible and turbulent flow, with the chemical species transport model and a complete conversion of the propellant reaction. Variations in pressure and temperature were compared with the results obtained from a conventional 7.62 mm full metal jacket (FMJ ammunition. Results of ballistic experimental tests and numerical simulations were similar than those of the 9 mm x 19 mm FMJ ammunitions, showing feasibility for the development of new weapons intended for operations of short range shots.Defence Science Journal, Vol. 65, No. 3, May 2015, pp.203-207, DOI:

  11. The Total Army (United States)


    headquarters, but the acknowledged limitations reflect otherwise. This is even more concerning given “the Army strategy for global mission command of Army...above resembles a global security market , yet decisions are based on subjective estimates of risks, threats, and opportunities rather than objective...enthusiasm for new investments in blood and treasure. Yet the global security environment is one of growing complexity and danger, and the demand for an

  12. 美军弹药配送及启示%Ammunition distribution by US Army and its enlightenment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁立雷; 安振涛; 周文忠



  13. Defense Logistics: Improved Data and Information Sharing Could Aid in DOD’s Management of Ammunition Categorized for Disposal (United States)


    Conventional Ammunition 27 Contents Page ii GAO-15-538 Defense Logistics Figures Figure 1: Flow of Conventional...GAO-15-538 Defense Logistics Figure 1: Flow of Conventional Ammunition Possession Until It Is Demilitarized Note: There are a number of closed...Oklahoma • Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, Director for Material Readiness & Logistics (N4) • Naval Supply Systems Command, Mechanicsburg


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lutsenko Y. V.


    Full Text Available In criminology, there are actual problems of determining the type (machine gun, rifle, large caliber, pistol and a particular model of small rifle for its ammunition, in particular, discovered in the use of weapons. The article proposes a solution to this problem with the use of a new innovative method of artificial intelligence: automated system-cognitive analysis (ASCanalysis and its programmatic toolkit – a universal cognitive analytical system called "Eidos". In the system of "Eidos", we have implemented a software interface that provides input to the system images, and the identification of their external contours on the basis of luminance and color contrast. Typing by multiparameter contour images of specific ammunition, we create and verify the system-cognitive model, with the use of which (if the model is sufficiently reliable, we can solve problems of system identification, classification, study of the simulated object by studying its model and others. For these tasks we perform the following steps: 1 enter the images of ammunitions into the system of "Eidos" and create mathematical models of their contours; 2 synthesis and verification of models of the generalized images of ammunition for types of weapons based on the contour images of specific munitions (multivariate typology; 3 quantification of the similarities-differences of the specific ammunition with generalized images of ammunition of various types and models of small rifle (system identification; 4 quantification of the similarities-differences of the types of munitions, i.e. cluster-constructive analysis

  15. The transition to non-lead rifle ammunition in Denmark: National obligations and policy considerations. (United States)

    Kanstrup, Niels; Thomas, Vernon G; Krone, Oliver; Gremse, Carl


    The issue of Denmark regulating use of lead-free rifle ammunition because of potential risks of lead exposure in wildlife and humans was examined from a scientific and objective policy perspective. The consequences of adopting or rejecting such regulation were identified. Denmark is obliged to examine this topic because of its national policy on lead reduction, its being a Party to the UN Bonn Convention on Migratory Species, and its role in protecting White-tailed Sea Eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla), a species prone to lead poisoning from lead ingestion. Lead-free bullets suited for deer hunting are available at comparable cost to lead bullets, and have been demonstrated to be as effective. National adoption of lead-free bullets would complete the Danish transition to lead-free ammunition use. It would reduce the risk of lead exposure to scavenging wildlife, and humans who might eat lead-contaminated wild game meat. Opposition from hunting organizations would be expected.

  16. Study of gunshot residues from Sintox® ammunition containing marking substances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júlia Polovková


    Full Text Available Two types of factory marked Sintox® ammunition were investigated from the composition of gunshot residue particles (GSR and occurrence of marking substance points of view. The experiments were carried out with two cartridges of caliber 9 mm Luger (9 × 19 Parabellum of two producers (Ruag Ammotec, Switzerland and Men, Germany. The first cartridge (type Action 4, Ruag Ammotec contains gadolinium as a marking element, while the other cartridge (type PEP II, Men is marked with gallium in gunpowder. Scanning electron microscopy equipped with EDAX analyzer (SEM/EDX was used to detect and analyze the GSR particles in samples collected from the cartridges, barrels and shooter’s hands. Besides those, particles from the hit clothes placed at different shooting distances were collected and analyzed. The spreading of GSR cloud from the gun was observed using the high-speed camera. Results obtained clearly revealed that the way of ammunition production/construction and type of marking of ammunition can significantly influence the presence and detection reliability of marking elements in GSR. The detectability is affected also by the shooting distance.

  17. 2007 Army Modernization Plan (United States)


    leaders grounded in leadership and fi eld cra , regardless of branch, who embody the Army Values and the Warrior Ethos and who are physically and...Survivability: “ Shoot and scoot” tactics; improved ballistic and NBC protection • Responsive fi res: Capable of fi ring within 45 seconds from a

  18. Women in the Army (United States)


    undoubtedly be included in the ultimate AFEES test package for future enlistees. The significance of this study effort, and ultimate value to the Army...FY. 2 2 PART 4 PROXOTIONS AND SELECTIONS Selection by. grade for promocion , command and advanced schooling are presented in this part. o Selections

  19. 75 FR 7255 - Army Educational Advisory Committee (United States)


    ... Department of the Army Army Educational Advisory Committee AGENCY: Department of the Army, DoD. ACTION... CFR 102-3.150, the following meeting notice is announced: Name of Committee: U.S. Army War College Subcommittee of the Army Education Advisory Committee. Date of Meeting: March 11, 2010. Place of Meeting:...

  20. The Combination of Expert Judgment and GIS-MAIRCA Analysis for the Selection of Sites for Ammunition Depots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ljubomir Gigović


    Full Text Available This paper suggests spatial multi-criteria model in order to assist decision makers in the selection of sites which are suitable for ammunition depots (AD. They represent military facilities which have more criteria that need to be matched than civil structures. The proposed model is based on combined use of Geographic information systems (GIS and multi-criteria techniques. The model application is presented in the case study of Carpathian region, the Eastern part of Serbia. The model deals with nine restrictions and six evaluation criteria. Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory—Analytic Network Process (DEMATEL-ANP multi-criteria techniques are used to determine weight coefficients of evaluation criteria. Along with the above mentioned methods, this paper introduces a new technique for the multi-criteria decision making—MAIRCA (MultiAttributive Ideal-Real Comparative Analysis method. The MAIRCA method is used for the ranking and selection of suitable locations. The results have shown that 45 km2 of the Carpathian region is very suitable for ammunition depot construction. The MAIRCA method chose location L1 as the most appropriate. Sensitivity analysis shows that the model is capable of identifying a suitable ammunition depot location. This approach can be helpful in determining suitable ammunition depot locations in other regions with similar geographic conditions and can also be successfully used for the suitability assessment of existing ammunition depots.

  1. Impact of the California lead ammunition ban on reducing lead exposure in golden eagles and turkey vultures.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terra R Kelly

    Full Text Available Predatory and scavenging birds may be exposed to high levels of lead when they ingest shot or bullet fragments embedded in the tissues of animals injured or killed with lead ammunition. Lead poisoning was a contributing factor in the decline of the endangered California condor population in the 1980s, and remains one of the primary factors threatening species recovery. In response to this threat, a ban on the use of lead ammunition for most hunting activities in the range of the condor in California was implemented in 2008. Monitoring of lead exposure in predatory and scavenging birds is essential for assessing the effectiveness of the lead ammunition ban in reducing lead exposure in these species. In this study, we assessed the effectiveness of the regulation in decreasing blood lead concentration in two avian sentinels, golden eagles and turkey vultures, within the condor range in California. We compared blood lead concentration in golden eagles and turkey vultures prior to the lead ammunition ban and one year following implementation of the ban. Lead exposure in both golden eagles and turkey vultures declined significantly post-ban. Our findings provide evidence that hunter compliance with lead ammunition regulations was sufficient to reduce lead exposure in predatory and scavenging birds at our study sites.

  2. Army Equipment Modernization Plan (United States)


    Intrusion System (BAIS) (14.6 percent of the Army Acquisition Objective (AAO) of 8,933). Provides early seismic /acoustic warning, intrusion detection...The advanced affordable Turbine engine (aaTe), S&T Program developed and demon- strated two new helicopter turbine engines that provide significant...improvements in engine power and operating efficiencies. In FY12, the program transitioned to the Army’s Improved Turbine Engine Program (ITEP) to

  3. 1998 Army Modernization Plan (United States)


    Biological (CB) Protective Duty Uniform (STO) • Biometrics (SRO) • Nanoscience (SRO) • Millimeter Wave Material and Dissemination Technology... Biometrics and Nanoscience SROs will enable the development of advanced NBC detection and characterization systems, including the exploitation of biologically...Requirements Trailers • Procure HEMAT Trailers Figure K-23 K-19 //;<?. U.S. Army 1997Modernization Plan This final fleet assessment, made against the

  4. Army Leader Transitions Handbook (United States)


    to improving the organization. The following are some effective methods and a compilation of techniques and considerations which have been used... improve your understanding of the environment. Outgoing Leader’s Assessment An important item to obtain from the current leader is a list of key contacts...The courseware allows users to tailor training materials to specific needs. Users access this at the CAL AKO website or Army eLearning https

  5. Army Strong, Superintendent Savvy (United States)

    Mellon, Ericka


    Brigadier General Anthony "Tony" Tata of the U.S. Army had one of those "ah-ha" moments in April 2006 when, on the eve of an operation he was heading in Afghanistan, an Al Qaeda rocket shattered a nearby school. The attack killed a teacher and seven students and wounded dozens more. The rocket incident eventually nudged Tata toward a new mission:…

  6. The Army Lawyer (United States)


    Fired at Fleeing Cars, Soldiers Say, WASH. POST, Oct. 12, 2007, at A1 (quoting Major General (MG) Joseph Fil , Commander of 1st Cavalry Division, as...saying, “It’s yet another challenge, another setback.”). 32 See generally id. (quoting MG Joseph Fil as saying in reference to the incidents of PSC...Prosecutors Research Institute 99 Canal Center Plaza, Suite 510 Alexandria, VA 22313 (703) 549-9222 JULY 2008 • THE ARMY LAWYER

  7. Exposure assessment of a burning ground for chemical ammunition on the Great War battlefields of Verdun. (United States)

    Bausinger, Tobias; Bonnaire, Eric; Preuss, Johannes


    severe arsenic contamination and the transfer of this carcinogen by leachate, surface runoff and probably by wind. Nevertheless, some studies on the effects of the contaminant inventory on the local vegetation revealed that ammonium nitrate elutable zinc is responsible for the spatial distribution of some tolerant plant species and not arsenic. Previously undetected buried munitions from the former delaboration facility can be an other source of environmental contaminants. This is supported by elevated concentrations of chlorate (cmax.=71 mg/l) and perchlorate (cmax.=0.8 mg/l) detected in the leachate samples. This is the second report about environmental contamination related to post-war ammunition destruction activities along the 1914/18 Western Front.

  8. The identification of lead ammunition as a source of lead exposure in First Nations: The use of lead isotope ratios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsuji, Leonard J.S. [Department of Environment and Resource Studies, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1 (Canada)], E-mail:; Wainman, Bruce C. [Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, L8N 3Z5 (Canada); Martin, Ian D. [Department of Environment and Resource Studies, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1 (Canada); Sutherland, Celine [Attawapiskat First Nation Health Services, Attawapiskat, Ontario, P0L 1A0 (Canada); Weber, Jean-Philippe; Dumas, Pierre [Centre de toxicologie, Institut national de sante publique du Quebec, Quebec City, Quebec, G1V 5B3 (Canada); Nieboer, Evert [Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, L8N 3Z5 (Canada); Institute of Community Medicine, University of Tromso, Tromso N-9037 (Norway)


    The use of lead shotshell to hunt water birds has been associated with lead-contamination in game meat. However, evidence illustrating that lead shotshell is a source of lead exposure in subsistence hunting groups cannot be deemed definitive. This study seeks to determine whether lead shotshell constitutes a source of lead exposure using lead isotope ratios. We examined stable lead isotope ratios for lichens, lead shotshell and bullets, and blood from residents of Fort Albany and Kashechewan First Nations, and the City of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and regression analyses. ANOVA of isotope ratios for blood revealed significant differences with respect to location, but not sex. Hamilton differed from both Kashechewan and Fort Albany; however, the First Nations did not differ from each other. ANOVA of the isotope ratios for lead ammunition and lichens revealed no significant differences between lichen groups (north and south) and for the lead ammunition sources (pellets and bullets). A plot of {sup 206}Pb/{sup 204}Pb and {sup 206}Pb/{sup 207}Pb values illustrated that lichens and lead ammunition were distinct groupings and only the 95% confidence ellipse of the First Nations group overlapped that of lead ammunition. In addition, partial correlations between blood-lead levels (adjusted for age) and isotope ratios revealed significant (p < 0.05) positive correlations for {sup 206}Pb/{sup 204}Pb and {sup 206}Pb/{sup 207}Pb, and a significant negative correlation for {sup 208}Pb/{sup 206}Pb, as predicted if leaded ammunition were the source of lead exposure. In conclusion, lead ammunition was identified as a source of lead exposure for First Nations people; however, the isotope ratios for lead shotshell pellets and bullets were indistinguishable. Thus, lead-contaminated meat from game harvested with lead bullets may also be contributing to the lead body burden.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lutsenko Y. V.


    Full Text Available In forensics there is an urgent need to determine the type of rifle (automatic, rifle, large caliber pistol depending on its used ammunition found at the scene of the use of weapons. We offer a solution to this problem with the use of new innovative method of artificial intelligence: automated system-cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis and its program toolkitwhich is a universal cognitive analytical system called "Eidos". In the "Eidos" system we have implemented the software interface that allows posting of images and identifying their outer contours. By multivariable typing, the system creates a systemic-cognitive model, the use of which, if the model is sufficiently accurate, may be helpful in solving problems of system identification, prediction, classification, decision support and research of the modeled object by studying its model. For this task the following stages: 1 input images of ammunitions into the "Eidos" system and creation of their mathematical models; 2 the synthesis and verification of the models of generalized images of ammunition for types of weapons based on the contour images of specific munitions (multiparameter typing; 3 improving the quality of the model by separating classes for typical and atypical parts; 4 quantification of the similarities-the differences between specific types of munitions with generic images of different types of ammunition of the weapon (system identification; 5 quantification of the similarity-differences between types of ammunition, i.e. cluster-constructive analysis of generalized images of ammunition. A numerical example is given. We also possess a successful experience of solving similar problems in other subject areas

  10. The identification of lead ammunition as a source of lead exposure in First Nations: the use of lead isotope ratios. (United States)

    Tsuji, Leonard J S; Wainman, Bruce C; Martin, Ian D; Sutherland, Celine; Weber, Jean-Philippe; Dumas, Pierre; Nieboer, Evert


    The use of lead shotshell to hunt water birds has been associated with lead-contamination in game meat. However, evidence illustrating that lead shotshell is a source of lead exposure in subsistence hunting groups cannot be deemed definitive. This study seeks to determine whether lead shotshell constitutes a source of lead exposure using lead isotope ratios. We examined stable lead isotope ratios for lichens, lead shotshell and bullets, and blood from residents of Fort Albany and Kashechewan First Nations, and the City of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and regression analyses. ANOVA of isotope ratios for blood revealed significant differences with respect to location, but not sex. Hamilton differed from both Kashechewan and Fort Albany; however, the First Nations did not differ from each other. ANOVA of the isotope ratios for lead ammunition and lichens revealed no significant differences between lichen groups (north and south) and for the lead ammunition sources (pellets and bullets). A plot of (206)Pb/(204)Pb and (206)Pb/(207)Pb values illustrated that lichens and lead ammunition were distinct groupings and only the 95% confidence ellipse of the First Nations group overlapped that of lead ammunition. In addition, partial correlations between blood-lead levels (adjusted for age) and isotope ratios revealed significant (pleaded ammunition were the source of lead exposure. In conclusion, lead ammunition was identified as a source of lead exposure for First Nations people; however, the isotope ratios for lead shotshell pellets and bullets were indistinguishable. Thus, lead-contaminated meat from game harvested with lead bullets may also be contributing to the lead body burden.

  11. Army Training Study: Concepts of the Army Training System. (United States)


    Combat Units. 1 March 1971. Harher, Robert A. and Coleman, Charlie C. Application of Simulation Training Exercises to Crisis Relocation Planning...product or outpit of the Army’s helth -. Ssinn. 0 ro)gram qM is a go example of hw pr hugra-. udgetinc’ is intro-. to work. The Army’s health care

  12. Study on Stable Scanning of Terminal Sensing Ammunition Based on Quaternion Transformation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李臣明; 刘怡昕


    Euler angles and Euler kinematics equation of terminal sensing ammunition are expressed and rewritten by using quaternion to solve the singular problem in using Euler angles to describe the motion.The contrastive simulations are performed in order to validate the correctness and advantage of the quaternion description.The simulation results show that the dynamic model with quaternion have stable solution,there is not singular point in the calculation,and the ballistic model rewritten by using the quaternion is suitable for describing the terminal sensing ammunition's scanning motion than the common Euler equation.

  13. Defense Industrial Base (DIB): Munitions Realignment for 2020 (United States)


    Virginia GOCO Manufacture propellants : nitroglycerine and nitrocellulose , powders, medium caliber ammunition. ARMS program Scranton Army Ammunition...high explosives, and propellants . Between 1915 and 1918, U.S. production facilities expanded to 185 organic and commercial plants. Following WWI...decisions propelled the munitions industrial base to achieve efficiency through mergers, redundancy, and commercial partnerships. The facilities are

  14. The Army Profession: A Narrative (United States)


    profile cases of alleged misconduct” were symptomatic of “a much larger issue affecting the armed forces.”9 In the Associated Press, Lolita Baldor...Science: An Academic Discipline." Army Magazine, no. 5 (May 2005): 14-15. Baldor, Lolita C. and Michael Biesecker. "US Army Brigadier General

  15. Army Contract Writing System (ACWS) (United States)


    the integration with Army Enterprise Resource Planning systems. As a financial feeder system, ACWS will meet the compliance requirements of the...Federal Financial Management Improvement Act of 1996. The system will meet the full scope of Army Contracting requirements, including those in secure process efficiencies, support compliance with the Federal Financial Management Improvement Act of 1996, integrate with existing Enterprise

  16. Commercial Contracting of Army Lodging and Leisure Activities. (United States)


    enhancing activities and modern and pleasing physical plants. .4L PREFACE This Individual Study Project was produced as an individual effort of the author...By Ft 84 Army initiatives to modernize the MWR ] physical plant through the generation of NAF dollars with business management economies and...account, community and morale support activities. By far the largest users of AP ? among NWR activi- ties are the sports, physical fitness and libraries

  17. The Army Lawyer (United States)


    articles do not necessarily reflect the view of The Judge Advocate General or the Department of the Army. Masculine or feminine pronouns appearing in...they accompany is their frequent use of the plural pronouns “we,” “us,” and “our” in their news stories to describe the progress of the units to facilitate information to the interrogators , and save the lives of other soldiers out there.”30 Specialist Ambuhl also is quoted as saying that

  18. Army Energy Plan. (United States)


    ultimate goal. Additionally, electric vehicles, scooters , and bicycles are being widely used for on-post courier, patrol and maintenance operations. Table 4...characteristics. b. Suspension systems. The Army has a new suspension system under develop- ment called the Loopwheel. This new experimental suspension will...200 200 COMPOSITE STRUCTURAL VEH COMPS AMM 2 6.2 AH84 100 0 0 LIGHTWEIGHT SUSPENSION COMPS AMM 0 6.2 AH84 300 350 250 SAMARIUM-COBALT GEN TECH HOL 3 6.2

  19. Long-term effects of lead poisoning on bone mineralization in vultures exposed to ammunition sources

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gangoso, Laura [Department of Conservation Biology, Estacion Biologica de Donana, C.S.I.C., Avda Ma Luisa s/n, 41013 Sevilla (Spain)], E-mail:; Alvarez-Lloret, Pedro [Department of Mineralogy and Petrology, University of Granada, Avda Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada (Spain)], E-mail:; Rodriguez-Navarro, Alejandro A.B. [Department of Mineralogy and Petrology, University of Granada, Avda Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada (Spain)], E-mail:; Mateo, Rafael [Instituto de Investigacion en Recursos Cinegeticos, IREC (CSIC, UCLM, JCCM), Ronda de Toledo s/n, 13071 Ciudad Real (Spain)], E-mail:; Hiraldo, Fernando [Department of Conservation Biology, Estacion Biologica de Donana, C.S.I.C., Avda Ma Luisa s/n, 41013 Sevilla (Spain)], E-mail:; Donazar, Jose Antonio [Department of Conservation Biology, Estacion Biologica de Donana, C.S.I.C., Avda Ma Luisa s/n, 41013 Sevilla (Spain)], E-mail:


    Long-lived species are particularly susceptible to bioaccumulation of lead in bone tissues. In this paper we gain insights into the sublethal effects of lead contamination on Egyptian vultures (Neophron percnopterus). Our approach was done on the comparison of two populations (Canary Islands and Iberian Peninsula) differing in exposures to the ingestion of lead ammunition. Blood lead levels were higher in the island population (Canary Islands range: 5.10-1780 {mu}g L{sup -1}n = 137; Iberian Peninsula range: 5.60-217.30 {mu}g L{sup -1}n = 32) showing clear seasonal trends, peaking during the hunting season. Moreover, males were more susceptible to lead accumulation than females. Bone lead concentration increased with age, reflecting a bioaccumulation effect. The bone composition was significantly altered by this contaminant: the mineralization degree decreased as lead concentration levels increased. These results demonstrate the existence of long-term effects of lead poisoning, which may be of importance in the declines of threatened populations of long-lived species exposed to this contaminant. - Bone lead accumulation decreases the degree of bone mineralization in vultures exposed to ammunition sources.

  20. The French Army and British Army Crimean War Reforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony Dawson


    Full Text Available French army logistics of the Crimean War are generally considered to have been better organized than their British counterpart. This sometimes erroneous belief was fuelled by letters home (from officers and men as well as by the reporting of various ‘special correspondents’ in the Crimea, and created an emotional response favourable to the ordinary soldier and, in particular, towards the French. This then became the basis for arguments for reform of the British army in the military and domestic press and in Parliament. Clamour for reform on French lines led to official studies being made of the French army, especially of logistics, officer education, and even uniforms. The French army, however, was little understood and the resulting ephemeral corps-style units (such as Land Transport Corps, Army Work Corps, and Mounted Staff Corps were quickly found faulty. In fact, official study of the French army often had little or no effect on the major reforms of the war. Emulation of the French was ultimately short-lived and of little effect; the favourable perception of the French was based on short-term emotional response and, indeed, the desire for army reform had its sting drawn with the establishment of the Roebuck Committee. Post-war retrenchment and success in the Indian Mutiny would stifle what was left of the reform debate.

  1. 77 FR 5735 - Importation of Arms, Ammunition and Implements of War and Machine Guns, Destructive Devices, and... (United States)


    ... Arms, Ammunition and Implements of War and Machine Guns, Destructive Devices, and Certain Other... U.S.C. Chapter 53. The Attorney General is also responsible for enforcing the provisions of the Gun... application must be submitted for a permit to cover the unshipped balance. B. Importation of Machine...

  2. Fire protection in ammunition storage spaces on board naval craft: An evaluation of the water application rate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lindström, J.; Rahm, M.; Hiltz, J.; Boonacker, B.; Wal, R. van der; Haara, M.


    Ammunition storage spaces on naval vessels are commonly fitted with drencher systems that are designed to prevent ordnance reaching a temperature where it might explode due to fast or slow “cook‐off”. Many of these systems are traditional low pressure water spray systems that are required by the Nav

  3. Exploring the Complexities of Army Civilians and the Army Profession (United States)


    Profession. It appears reasonable that military and civilians become bilingual in the doctrine, regulations, and languages of both the operational force...members of the Armed Forces and Army Civilians as employed by the Armed Forces.15 The simple generalization and different language in the law and...civil-military relations and the Army Civilian Corps closes the first section. 4 The second section contrasts institutions, organizations, and

  4. US Army TARDEC: Robotics Overview (United States)


    unclassified US ARMY TARDEC Robotics Overview Bernard Theisen, Joint Center for Robotics 25 March 2010 Reference herein to any specific commercial...4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE US ARMY TARDEC Robotics Overview 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Bernard... Robotics Industry Partnerships Academia PartnershipsGovernment Partnerships TRADOC Community Outreach • S&T Support to the RS-JPO • Develops and Fosters

  5. Advanced Concepts of the Propulsion System for the Futuristic Gun Ammunition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.S. Darnse


    Full Text Available This review paper reports various concepts of the gun propulsion system to meet the goal of the futuristic hypervelocity projectiles. The nonconventional concepts, such as liquid gun propellant, rail gun, coil gun, electrothermal gun, electrothermal chemical gun along with conventional energetic solid gun propellant have been discussed. Even though muzzle velocity around 2000 m/s has been claimed to be achieved using such nonconventional propulsion systems, it will take quite some time before such systems are in regular use in the battlefield. Hence, solid gun propellants containing novel energetic ingredients (binders, plasticisers, and oxidisers would continue to be used in the near future and are expected to meet the requirements of the futuristic gun ammunition.

  6. Studies on Some Nitramine based Low Vulnerability Ammunition Propellants with Cellulose Acetate as a Binder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.G.A. Pillai


    Full Text Available Several formulations of propellants based on RDX as an energetic solid ingredients and cellulose acetate (CA as a binder were processed using either dioctyl pthalate(DOP or tracetin(TA as plastisizer and a small amount of nitrocellulose(NC. The Performance of these propellants was evaluated on the basis of closed vessel firing data. The vulnerability aspects of these formulations were compared with those of conventional picrite propellant, NQ on the basis of their ignition temperatures and sensitivity to friction and impact. Triacetin was found to be better plasticizer than DOP for CA binder. Some RDX/CA/TA/NC/-based propellants were found to have energy levels comparable with NQ propellant and had less sensitivity to heat, impact and friction, and therefore have the potential for being used as low-vulnerability ammunition propellants for gun applications.

  7. Normal Approximation to a Sum of Geometric Random Variableswith Application to Ammunition Stockpile Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.J. Hurley


    Full Text Available The normal approximation for a sum of geometric random variables has been examined. Thisapproximation is relevant to the determination of direct-fire ammunition stockpile levels in adefence setting. Among the methodologies available for this assessment, one is a target-orientedmethodology. This approach calculates the number of rounds necessary to destroy a givenfraction of the enemy force and infrastructure. The difficulty is that the number of rounds requiredcannot be determined analytically. An obvious numeric approach is Monte Carlo simulation.Another is the approximation approach which has several advantages like it is easy to implement.and is accurate even in the case where the number of targets is low.

  8. High Fragmentation Steel Production Process (United States)


    particles caused by slack quench, or small carbide due to insufficient austenitizing time (fig. 29). Test 2 These white areas and the low mechanical...L J F CKD . APPO. Chamberlain Ctamtariain Manufacturing Corporation Scranton Army Ammunition Piant BILLET z) A A O ex iMM DATE 3...Chamberlain Manufacturing Corporation Scranton Army Ammunition Plant TITLE BILLET 5i X 5i 1BA DRN. L J F CKD . APPO. 173 DATf 3 ZZ. Bl SCALE

  9. The persistent problem of lead poisoning in birds from ammunition and fishing tackle (United States)

    Haig, Susan M.; D'Elia, Jesse; Eagles-Smith, Collin; Fair, Jeanne M.; Gervais, Jennifer; Herring, Garth; Rivers, James W.; Schulz, John H.


    Lead (Pb) is a metabolic poison that can negatively influence biological processes, leading to illness and mortality across a large spectrum of North American avifauna (>120 species) and other organisms. Pb poisoning can result from numerous sources, including ingestion of bullet fragments and shot pellets left in animal carcasses, spent ammunition left in the field, lost fishing tackle, Pb-based paints, large-scale mining, and Pb smelting activities. Although Pb shot has been banned for waterfowl hunting in the United States (since 1991) and Canada (since 1999), Pb exposure remains a problem for many avian species. Despite a large body of scientific literature on exposure to Pb and its toxicological effects on birds, controversy still exists regarding its impacts at a population level. We explore these issues and highlight areas in need of investigation: (1) variation in sensitivity to Pb exposure among bird species; (2) spatial extent and sources of Pb contamination in habitats in relation to bird exposure in those same locations; and (3) interactions between avian Pb exposure and other landscape-level stressors that synergistically affect bird demography. We explore multiple paths taken to reduce Pb exposure in birds that (1) recognize common ground among a range of affected interests; (2) have been applied at local to national scales; and (3) engage governmental agencies, interest groups, and professional societies to communicate the impacts of Pb ammunition and fishing tackle, and to describe approaches for reducing their availability to birds. As they have in previous times, users of fish and wildlife will play a key role in resolving the Pb poisoning issue.

  10. 77 FR 9633 - Army National Cemeteries Advisory Commission (ANCAC) (United States)


    ... Department of the Army Army National Cemeteries Advisory Commission (ANCAC) AGENCY: Department of the Army... Army announces the following committee meeting: Name of Committee: Army National Cemeteries Advisory...: Lieutenant Colonel Renea Yates; or 571.256.4325. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:...

  11. 战时弹药供应链系统结构设计%Research on Ammunition Supply Chain System Structure Design in Wartime

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高磊; 高军; 刘晓蕾


    通过对战时弹药供应的概念和特征的分析,提出了战时弹药供应链系统结构的设计原则和流程,建立了战时弹药供应链系统结构设计模型。以战时弹药供应过程为基础,运用关键绩效指标法构建了战时弹药供应链的运行效能评价指标。然后,结合战时弹药供应的实际情况,对每个指标进行了描述,并给出了具体的算法。%To analyze the concept and characteristic of the ammunition supply chain in wartime, the system structure design principle and process of ammunition supply chain are proposed,the ammunition supply chain system structure design model is established. The paper builds an evaluation index of ammunition supply chain in wartime by KPI,based on the ammunition supply process in wartime. Combined with the actual situation of ammunition supply in wartime,the paper describes each evaluation index and shows the detailed algorithm.

  12. Reflected Blast Measurements at Small Scaled Distances for M26E1 Propellant (United States)


    produces a half- sine , positive pressure pulse with peak amplitudes from 100 psi (0.7 MPa) to more than 10,000 psi (70 MPa), and rise times of 1 to 2...Plant ATTN: SARMI-S Milan, TN 38358 Commander Radford Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: SARRA -IE (2) Radford, VA 24141 Commander Badger Army

  13. Nomenclature and the National Wetland Plant List (United States)


    The National Wetland Plant List (NWPL) is being revised by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the U.S...Wetland Plant List The National Wetland Plant List (NWPL) is being revised by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service... phylogenies predicated on molecular sequence analyses in combination with morphological char- acteristics and other biological and habitat features. ERDC

  14. Give us back our field army! The Dutch army leadership and the operational planning during the interwar years

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H. Amersfoort


    The 1922 Army Reform Bill reduced the Dutch army to a militia. During the period between the two World Wars Dutch army leadership sought to rebuild an army that in several repects (organization, armement, doctrine) could be compared to the armies of great powers like France and Germany. The army lea

  15. U.S. Army Medical Department (United States)

    ... Excerpt-3 Building partnerships through military medicine Tripler Army Medical Center assists in medical missions. Read more ... their age, height, and weight. Healthy Living Videos Army Medicine Health Minute View More Videos

  16. Antimony content of inorganic gunshot residue (IGSR) produced by 0.22 caliber rimfire ammunition having free-antimony primer. (United States)

    Zeichner, Arie


    In a recent paper published in Forensic Science International (FSI), Lucas et al. (2016) claimed that muzzle discharge of 0.22 caliber rimfire ammunition is more likely to incorporate particles from the bullet surface than those retained on the firearm and that characteristic particles containing Pb, Ba and Sb formed from known Sb-free primers are likely to be more prevalent in muzzle discharge. It seems that this claim is not based on sufficient experimental results.

  17. Measurement of Exhaust Emissions from Diesel-Powered Forklifts during Operations in Ammunition Storage Magazines. (United States)


    Camel, Jr., Eds., National Cancer Institute Monograph No. 9, p. 225, 1962. 11.6 Sawicki, E., R. C. Corey, A. E. Dooley,J. B. Gisclard, J. L. Monkman, R...tum wmammmmm ~m mamas aB-mm7 B-27 1K PEDCO INVIRONMENTAL. INC ARMY DIESEL FORKLIFT STUDY Location THREE TOt Description TEST SI Date: DECEMIER 6. 1103


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ragulin I. Y.


    Full Text Available This article is important today because there is not enough attention in the contemporary law publications paid to the typical patterns of crime mechanism especially in the sphere of illegal weapon and ammunition turnover. Taking into account the opinions of such well-known forensic scientists as R.S. Belkin, V.D. Zelensky, G.M. Meretukov, M.V. Golovin, V.A. Obraztsov, J.G. Korukhov, V.Y. Koldin, O.V. Chelysheva, L.Y. Drapkin, V.N. Karagodin and others, the author comes to the conclusion that it’s necessary to develop typical patterns of crime mechanism for certain types of crime. The author has worked out some typical patterns of crime mechanism in the sphere of illegal weapon and ammunition turnover based upon major informative criminalistic elements, this particular article describes seven typical patterns of crime mechanism for the illegal storage, transportation, transfer, carry, purchase and sale, manufacture, repair or alteration, theft or extortion, careless storage or improper performance of duties on protection of weapon, its basic parts and ammunition. Each pattern is accompanied with the examples of judicial and investigative practice, followed by the necessary explanations and analysis of the activities of the subject of the investigation on the preparation, followup and final stages, which leads to the conclusion about the legitimacy of the proposed patterns

  19. Characterization of Exposure to Byproducts from Firing Lead Free Frangible Ammunition in an Enclosed, Ventilated Firing Range. (United States)

    Grabinski, Christin M; Methner, Mark M; Jackson, Jerimiah M; Moore, Alexander L; Flory, Laura E; Tilly, Trevor; Hussain, Saber M; Ott, Darrin K


    U.S. Air Force small arms firing ranges began using copper-based, lead-free frangible ammunition in the early 2000s due to environmental and health concerns related to the use of lead-based ammunition. Exposure assessments at these firing ranges have routinely detected chemicals and metals in amounts much lower than their mass-based occupational exposure limits, yet, instructors report work-related health concerns including respiratory distress, nausea, and headache. The objective of this study at one firing range was to characterize the aerosol emissions produced by weapons during firing events and evaluate the ventilation system's effectiveness in controlling instructor exposure to these emissions. The ventilation system was assessed by measuring the range static air pressure differential and the air velocity at the firing line. Air flow patterns were observed near the firing line. Instructor exposure was sampled using a filter-based air sampling method for metals and a wearable, real-time ultrafine particle counter. Area air sampling was simultaneously performed to characterize the particle size distribution, morphology and composition. In the instructor's breathing zone, the airborne mass concentration of copper was low (range = weapons that fire lead free frangible ammunition. Using an ultrafine particle counter appears to be an alternative method of assessing ventilation effectiveness in removing ultrafine particulate produced during firing events.

  20. Booster Manufacture by Scrap Ammunition Recycling%废弹药再利用制造起爆具

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王高宏; 蔺庆元; 任流润; 郭新春; 刘大维


    利用起爆具的基本配方与制造工艺,在熔化TNT后的混制工序中将废弹药拆分所得猛炸药和熔化TNT混合,经搅拌制备成混合炸药,浇注入放置传爆药柱的壳体中,制成起爆具.试验结果表明,利用废弹药所配制的混合炸药性能优越,进而制成的起爆具完全能满足用户需求.这种拆分废弹药再利用,既节约了资源,降低了处理成本,又改善了环境,实现了资源循环利用.%Based on its basic formula and manufacturing process, the booster was successfully fabricated by mixing high explosive from the scrap ammunition with melt TNT, stirring of mixed explosives, and casting of mixed explosives into the case, in which a booster charge was prepositioned. The experimental results show that the mixed explosive prepared by using the scrap ammunition has superior performance, and the corresponding booster could fully satisfy the requirments of clients. The recycling of scrap ammunition has the advantages of resource saving, disposal cost reduction, environment im-provment, and circulation of resources.

  1. The Evolution of Army Leader Development (United States)


    Colarusso , Towards a U.S. Army Officer Corps Strategy for Success: Developing Talent, (Carlisle Barracks, PA: U.S. Army War College, March 2010), 4-6...16 Casey Wardynski, David S. Lyle, Michael J. Colarusso , Towards a U.S. Army Officer Corps Strategy for Success: Employing Talent, (Carlisle

  2. Enhancing Army Joint Force Headquarters Capabilities (United States)


    Ad hoc (Army) 2004–2005 MNSTC-I SSTR CENTCOM Ad hoc (Army) 2004-2005 JTF-G8/ DNC /RNC HD/CS NORTHCOM Ad hoc (Army) x 3 2004 JTF-515 SSTR PACOM 2004...AFIC = Armed Forces Inaugural Committee; CENTCOM = Central Command; DNC = Democratic National Committee; EUCOM = European Command; FSSG = Fleet

  3. Products of in Situ Corrosion of Depleted Uranium Ammunition in Bosnia and Herzegovina Soils. (United States)

    Wang, Yuheng; von Gunten, Konstantin; Bartova, Barbora; Meisser, Nicolas; Astner, Markus; Burger, Mario; Bernier-Latmani, Rizlan


    Hundreds of tons of depleted uranium (DU) ammunition were used in previous armed conflicts in Iraq, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia/Kosovo. The majority (>90%) of DU penetrators miss their target and, if left in the environment, corrode in these postconflict zones. Thus, the best way to understand the fate of bulk DU material in the environment is to characterize the corrosion products of intact DU penetrators under field conditions for extended periods of time. However, such studies are scarce. To fill this knowledge gap, we characterized corrosion products formed from two intact DU penetrators that remained in soils in Bosnia and Herzegovina for over seven years. We used a combination of X-ray powder diffraction, electron microscopy, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The results show that metaschoepite (UO3(H2O)2) was a main component of the two DU corrosion products. Moreover, studtite ((UO2)O2(H2O)2·2(H2O)) and becquerelite (Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6·8(H2O)) were also identified in the corrosion products. Their formation through transformation of metaschoepite was a result of the geochemical conditions under which the penetrators corroded. Moreover, we propose that the transformation of metaschoepite to becquerelite or studtite in the DU corrosion products would decrease the potential for mobilization of U from corroded DU penetrators exposed to similar environments in postconflict areas.

  4. The Army Learning Organisation Workshop (United States)


    Balanced Scorecard (organisational level evaluation) o Defence Attitude Survey (organisational level evaluation) ‘Could be’ Evaluative/ the Defence Balance UNCLASSIFIED DSTO-TN-1189 UNCLASSIFIED 51 Scorecard . These questions had also been reviewed by Subject Matter Experts...UNCLASSIFIED DSTO-TN-1189 UNCLASSIFIED Acronyms AAR After Action Review ADEL Army Doctrine Electronic Library ADFAADS Australia Defence Force

  5. The Army Needs More Patriots (United States)


    the 10th AAMDC by at least 48% to account for requirements to perform Brigade headquarters functions, maintaining AAMDC TAC forward deployed and...Program (MCTP), US Army Combined Arms Center ( CAC ), Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas, can coordinate with AAMDCs to send a senior AMD officer to attend unit

  6. Index to Army Times 1991 (United States)



  7. 77 FR 66823 - Army Education Advisory Committee Study Meeting (United States)


    ... Department of the Army Army Education Advisory Committee Study Meeting AGENCY: Department of the Army, DoD... the Federal Regulations (41 CFR 102-3. 140 through 160, the Department of the Army announces the following committee meeting: Name of Committee: Army Education Advisory Committee (AEAC). Date(s) of...

  8. 78 FR 38956 - Army Education Advisory Subcommittee; Meeting Notice (United States)


    ... Department of the Army Army Education Advisory Subcommittee; Meeting Notice AGENCY: Department of the Army... Army Education Advisory Committee for deliberation by the Committee under the open- meeting rules. FOR... Designated Federal Officer: ATFL- APO, Monterey, CA, 93944, , (831)...

  9. 78 FR 69077 - Army Education Advisory Subcommittee Meeting Notice (United States)


    ... Department of the Army Army Education Advisory Subcommittee Meeting Notice AGENCY: Department of the Army, Do... Army Education Advisory Committee for deliberation by the Committee under the open-meeting , (831) 242-5828. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Pursuant to 41 CFR 102-3.105(j) and 102-...

  10. 77 FR 27209 - Army Education Advisory Subcommittee Meeting Notice (United States)


    ... Department of the Army Army Education Advisory Subcommittee Meeting Notice AGENCY: Department of the Army, Do... ] Federal advisory committee meeting will take place: Name of Committee: Board of Visitors, U.S. Army War College Subcommittee. Date of Meeting: May 31, 2012. Place of Meeting: U.S. Army War College, 122...

  11. 77 FR 4026 - Army Education Advisory Subcommittee Meeting Notice (United States)


    ... Department of the Army Army Education Advisory Subcommittee Meeting Notice AGENCY: Department of the Army, Do... advisory committee meeting will take place: Name of Committee: Board of Visitors, U.S. Army War College Subcommittee. Date of Meeting: February 23, 2012. Place of Meeting: U.S. Army War College, 122 Forbes...

  12. 77 FR 50089 - Army Education Advisory Committee Meeting (United States)


    ... Department of the Army Army Education Advisory Committee Meeting AGENCY: Department of the Army, DoD. ACTION... the Federal Regulations (CFR 102-3. 140 through 160, the Department of the Army announces the following committee meeting: Name of Committee: Army Education Advisory Committee (AEAC). Date of...

  13. 78 FR 23759 - Army Education Advisory Subcommittee Meeting Notice (United States)


    ... Department of the Army Army Education Advisory Subcommittee Meeting Notice AGENCY: Department of the Army, Do... advisory committee meeting will take place: Name of Committee: Board of Visitors, U.S. Army War College Subcommittee. Dates of Meeting: May 16, 2013. Place of Meeting: U.S. Army War College, 122 Forbes...

  14. 77 FR 11084 - Army Education Advisory Committee Meeting (United States)


    ... Department of the Army Army Education Advisory Committee Meeting AGENCY: Department of the Army, DoD. ACTION... the Federal Regulations (CFR 102-3. 140 through 160, the Department of the Army announces the following committee meeting: Name of Committee: Army Education Advisory Committee (AEAC). Date of...

  15. The U.S. Army Safeload Explosives Safety Program (United States)


    hazards and risks. The Safeload Program replaces a program called Quickload , which was started in 1984 to provide interim solutions to unsafe storage of...basic loads of ammunition in ammunition holding areas in South Korea. While Quickload primarily focused on Korea, and secondarily on Europe, the...areas in South Korea. While the original Quickload Program primarily focused on Korea, and secondarily on Europe, the Safeload Program addresses

  16. Army Net Zero Prove Out. Army Net Zero Training Report (United States)


    the major steps for the framework. To provide a foundation for these iterative steps, linking energy , water, and waste data with installation...Scenarios {BITES) See how changes in energy dem and a nd supply by economic sector can im pact carbon dioxide em issions. Stochastic Energy Deployment...release, distribution is unlimited Requests for this document shall be referred to: Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Energy

  17. Army Planning: Comprehensive Risk Assessment Needed for Planned Changes to the Armys Force Structure (United States)


    focus on retaining combat units, and senior Army leaders ’ assessment that shortfalls in combat units are more challenging to resolve than shortfalls in...According to the Army, this reduction will require reductions of both combat and supporting units. Army leaders reported that reducing the Army to...such levels creates significant but manageable risk to executing the U.S. military strategy and that further reductions would result in unacceptable

  18. US Army Research Laboratory Visualization Framework Design Document (United States)


    ARL-TR-7561 ● JAN 2016 US Army Research Laboratory US Army Research Laboratory Visualization Framework Design Document by...Laboratory US Army Research Laboratory Visualization Framework Design Document by Will Dron and Mark Keaton Raytheon BBN Technologies, 10...

  19. All Prime Contract Awards by State or Country, Place, and Contractor, FY 87. Part 1. Alabama Army Ammunit, Alabama-Yancopin, Arkansas. (United States)


    dOQ 0 41 (1444 <<<< 4-IN 13333 9-3 蘝 𔃾t~ " ɛទt 4 oca CI(/00 00 a 0z 00030 ɘ 0000 >0 n n n i (/) 0 CL )) cc ) * 94O.-I00000 9-00 .z.) 񓀠 0...4 * N * N (D ’I L) co1-4 N NN.44 --- -4 -. 4(1 N-4 .-4 -4 N 4N C4 N N 4N" (D- ON0NN4N 0)N C4 I 1 1 0 0 -4 Cl) C.) 0 0 0) N10 - iSO ,4c4c4cjc jc c-4 c

  20. Laboratory Studies and Preliminary Evaluation of Destructive Technologies for the Removal of RDX from the Water Waste Stream of Holston Army Ammunition Plan (United States)


    successfully demonstrated at the field scale as an in situ groundwater treatment (Wani et al. 2007) and as a water treatment system in upflow fluidized ... bed reactors (Atikovic et al. 2008). Iron and ferrous minerals have been demonstrated to degrade RDX in biologically active systems (Shrout et of both 200 W and 450 W (Ace Glass, Vineland, NJ). RDX-laden water circulated between the photochemical reactor and a 1-L mixed reservoir

  1. Department of the Army Justification of Estimates for Fiscal Year 1985 Submitted to Congress February 1984, Procurement, Programs, Aircraft, Missiles, Weapons & Tracked Combat Vehicles. Part 4. Ammunition. (United States)


    3D526) 53 DAKA-PPC (3E443) 5 Cost & Audit (2) APA (9) MIPA (10) DANA-PP (3E374) 1 Plano /Systema (1) PWTCV (10) PAA (11) DAMA-RA (3E360) I Construction (1...transferred 10,000 10.000 Unobhigated balance available, COY 24 4002 For completion of prior year budget pie 390,633 300,163 347,127 𔃿.000l iunobligeted

  2. The US Army Learning Concept for 2015 (United States)


    Pedagogy is still the right answer… • Learning on demand The US Army Learning Concept for 2015 Mobile Learning enabled by technology • Problem...The US Army Learning Concept for 2015 18 October 2012 Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the...SUBTITLE The US Army Learning Concept for 2015 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e

  3. Controls Over Army Real Property Financial Reporting (United States)


    Assistant Secretary of the Army (Financial Management and Comptroller) AWCF Army Working Capital Fund CIP Construction-in-Progress DCD/ DCW DFAS...Warehouse (DCD/ DCW ). The Assistant Secretary of the Army (Financial Management and Comptroller) (ASA[FM&C]) is responsible for the policies, procedures...entity’s information to automatically populate that indicator. As a result, IFS did not send DCD/ DCW correct information for determining the

  4. Army Training Study: Survey Data. (United States)


    training: dis- tractors, turbulence, and availabilty of training support material. Results from a detailed breakdown of the respondents by rank, type lower usage of Army regulations in training than do respondents in CONUS. Unit differences are noted only insofar as air defense artillery...specialities. Differences by rank are noted on each iteir with junior officers, senior NCOs and junior NCOs reporting higher usage in all areas than

  5. Considering a Cadre Augmented Army (United States)


    division equivalents (HDEs) of Abrams tanks in the first year of ____________ 101 Dewar et al (2000), p. 59 102 Dewar et al (2000), p. 61 -200- An...Reserves and the Abrams Doctrine: Unfulfilled Promise, Uncertain Future,” Heritage Foundation Lecture, April 18, 2005. Carey, Benedict, “Stress on Troops... Floyd H., The Standby Reserve Training Corps: An Alternative Mobilization Manpower Policy, Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, PA, 1985. Dupuy

  6. 2011 Army Strategic Planning Guidance (United States)


    TESI ) of 22,000 Soldiers, the Army’s total force by the end of the mid-term period is programmed to be 520K (AC). We will achieve a more...dwell ratios, extending TESI authority to adequately man deploying units and sustain the All-Volunteer Force, right-sizing the generating force, and... TESI Temporary End-Strength Increase WMD Weapons of Mass Destruction 2011 ARMY STRATEGIC PLANNING GUIDANCE Page 19 2011

  7. Army Environmental Cleanup Strategic Plan (United States)


    New success indicators are all definable, measurable, and achievable MAY 200918 of 29 Emerging Issues  Emerging contaminants  MMRP progress  NCP...programmatic expectations  NDNODS  Operational range program  Vapor Intrusion MAY 200919 of 29 Emerging Contaminants – Hexavalent Chromium...regulatory standards  Several emerging contaminants have been assessed and judged to have a significant potential impact to Army cleanup programs

  8. Information Management: Army Information Management (United States)


    commander is the franchising authority. When appropriate, the installation commander may designate a non-appropriated fund instrumentality (NAFI) to be...the franchising authority. Overall staff management of CATV is the responsibility of the DISC4 at the Army level and will be executed at the local level...installations are cable television franchising authorities for the purpose of the applicable cable televisions laws. As a result, installations may

  9. Army Independent Risk Assessment Guidebook (United States)


    AMSAA Kadry Rizk, TARDEC Lisa Graf, TARDEC Klaus Sanford, TRAC Elyse Krezmien, TRAC Jerry Scriven, ALU Igor Linkov, ERDC Alison Tichenor...Engineering ATEC - Army Test and Evaluation Command BCA - Business Case Analysis C - Consequence Level C- BA - Cost Benefit Analysis CDD...the AMSAA Risk Team has completed 12 technical and schedule risk assessments to support AoAs and Cost-Benefit Analyses (C- BAs ). AMSAA also developed

  10. 76 FR 56406 - Science and Technology Reinvention Laboratory Demonstration Project; Department of the Army; Army... (United States)


    .... SUMMARY: On March 7, 2011 (76 FR 12508-12548), DoD published notice of approval of a personnel management... the Army; Army Research, Development and Engineering Command; Tank Automotive Research, Development... 9, 2010. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: TARDEC: Mr. Gregory Berry, U. S. Army Tank...

  11. Simulated and Experimental In-wall Temperatures for 120 mm Ammunition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark L. Bundy


    Full Text Available Bore and chamber surface as well as subsurface temperature prediction are made for the US Army M256 120mm chromium-plated cannon firing M865 M829 and DM13 cartridges. The surface temperature predictions are validated by comparison with other numerical modelling results, while the subsurface temperature predictions are compared directly with experimental measurements made by in wall thermocouples. The surface temperature predictions fall in line with other numerical estimates, and, in general, the simulated probe temperatures at each axial location are within the circumferential and round-to-round variation in the experimental probe tempretaures.

  12. Army Science Board Ad Hoc Subgroup Report, Manning Army Systems (United States)


    VA 22314 (703) 751-2745 Major Brad Taylor, DCSP Military Staff Assistant Dr. Dan Risser , ARI Army Staff Assistant Dr. K.C. Emerson 560 Boulder...SINCGARS Meeting with DCSPER Mr. BradshawCAPL) Mr. Bennett(AMSAA) Dr. Risser (ARI) LtCol Abney LtGen Thurman 10 December, 1981 - The Pentagon...ASVAB Update Maintenance Data PM Trade BOIP/QQPRI/Div 86 Dr. Eaton(ARI) Dr. Risser (ARI) Dr. Hofer Col. Bettinger(SSC) 11 December, 1981

  13. Army Information Operations Officer Needs Analysis Report (United States)


    network analysis tool . . . it could really lead to some really negative second and third order effects. Another personnel issue that was...Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences Approved for public release...distribution is unlimited. U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences Department of the Army Deputy Chief of Staff, G1

  14. After the Spring: Reforming Arab Armies (United States)


    Arab region, and intercultural communication . She was previously assigned to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Defence College and the...and provides solutions to strategic Army issues affecting the national security community . The Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute...concern topics having strategic implications for the Army, the Department of Defense, and the larger national security community . In addition to its

  15. Army Industrial, Landscaping, and Agricultural Water Use

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McMordie Stoughton, Kate; Loper, Susan A.; Boyd, Brian K.


    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted a task for the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army to quantify the Army’s ILA water use and to help improve the data quality and installation water reporting in the Army Energy and Water Reporting System.

  16. Army industrial, landscaping, and agricultural water use

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stoughton, Kate McMordie [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Loper, Susan A. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Boyd, Brian K. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)


    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted a task for the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army to quantify the Army’s ILA water use and to help improve the data quality and installation water reporting in the Army Energy and Water Reporting System.

  17. Army Cyber Mission Force - Ambitions and Realities (United States)


    readdress branding , compensation, professional development and organization in order to increase the likelihood of success for the Cyber Mission Force...unique character traits that differ from the typical traits of Army enlistees. The research has further shown that compensation, branding ...Force and private sector branding with that of the Army. The research also examined compensation differences between the Air Force, private sector

  18. Assessing the Assignment Policy for Army Women (United States)


    General surgeon 61K Thoracic surgeon 61L Plastic surgeon 61M Orthopedic surgeon 61N Flight surgeon 61P Physiatrist 61Q Radiation oncologist 61R Diagnostic... veterinarian (immaterial) Branch 65, Army Medical Specialist Corps 65A Occupational therapy Table C.3—Continued 100 Assessing the Assignment Policy for Army

  19. Survey of Army Personnel Interested in Teaching (United States)


    Demographic prof’de CurrentActive Army Personnel rent Teachers Actie - ifl~ = -Employment Active Actve Active Outside Army Officers Enlted Educaion Base: 607...Base: 607 345 206 301 1144 2380 0^ PA Desire to work with young people 71 69 70 64 70 78 Value or significance of education in society 69 68 68 75

  20. 基于系统动力学的弹药保障优化分析%Optimized Analysis of Ammunition Support Based on System Dynamics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洪坤; 赵建江; 朱皖松


    The system dynamics model of ammunition support at war time is built based on the analysis of its control mechanism and relations among related factors using system dynamics method. The model is simulated on VENSIM platform, which finds the function laws of ammunition support at war time with different factors. The influence brought to storage of ammunition support at war is analyzed, and an approach to forecasting the minimum value of initial and expected storage of ammunition support system is proposed.%基于系统动力学原理和方法,在分析战时弹药保障系统控制机理和各要素间的因果关系的基础上,建立了战时弹药保障系统动力学仿真模型,利用VENSIM仿真平台对模型进行模拟,得出了在不同影响因素条件下的战时弹药保障系统的运行规律,分析了不同要素对战时弹药保障系统弹药存储的影响,提供了一种预测弹药保障系统初始存储量和期望存储量最小值的方法。

  1. 仿真技术在弹药贮存中的应用%Application of Simulation Technique in Ammunition Storage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宣卫芳; 张勇智; 王一临


    利用仿真技术测定弹药贮存的微环境,根据包装结构和弹药结构对弹药贮存的微环境进行了分析.采用较为简便的数学模型,找出了包装箱和弹药在变化的环境温度下的温度分布和变化规律,然后通过弹药贮存微环境的仿真设计,确定了计算软件的功能模块.使用该软件可计算任一时间弹药及其各包装部位微环境的温度.%Simulation technique was used for measuring micro-environment of ammunition storage. The micro-environment was analyzed based of configuration of ammunition and its packaging. The temperature distribution and changing rule of ammunition and its packaging under different environment temperature was found out by simple and convenient math model. Simulation design of the micro-environment was carried out and the function module of calculation software was determined. The temperature in each positions of ammunition and its packaging can be calculated every time by the software.

  2. US Army blood program: 2025 and beyond. (United States)

    Gonzales, Richard; Taylor, Audra L; Atkinson, Andrew J; Malloy, Wilbur W; Macdonald, Victor W; Cap, Andrew P


    In preparing to support the Army in 2025 and beyond, the Army Blood Program remains actively engaged with the research and advanced development of blood products and medical technology to improve blood safety and efficacy in conjunction with the US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command. National and International Blood Bank authorities have noted that the US Army research and development efforts in providing new blood products and improving blood safety operate on the cutting edge of technology and are transformational for the global blood industry. Over the past 14 years, the Army has transformed how blood support is provided and improved the survival rate of casualties. Almost every product or process developed by or for the military has found an application in treating civilian patients. Conflicts have many unwanted consequences; however, in times of conflict, one positive aspect is the identification of novel solutions to improve the safety and efficacy of the blood supply.

  3. Male parentage in army ants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kronauer, Daniel J C; Schöning, Caspar; Boomsma, Jacobus J


    In most social insects workers do not mate, but have retained the ability to produce haploid eggs that can develop into viable male offspring. Under what circumstances this reproductive potential is realized and how the ensuing worker-queen conflict over male production is resolved, is an area...... of active research in insect sociobiology. Here we present microsatellite data for 176 males from eight colonies of the African army ant Dorylus (Anomma) molestus. Comparison with worker genotypes and inferred queen genotypes from the same colonies show that workers do not or at best very rarely reproduce...

  4. Detoxification of PAX-21 ammunitions wastewater by zero-valent iron for microbial reduction of perchlorate. (United States)

    Ahn, Se Chang; Cha, Daniel K; Kim, Byung J; Oh, Seok-Young


    US Army and the Department of Defense (DoD) facilities generate perchlorate (ClO(4)(-)) from munitions manufacturing and demilitarization processes. Ammonium perchlorate is one of the main constituents in Army's new main charge melt-pour energetic, PAX-21. In addition to ammonium perchlorate, hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) and 2,4-dinitroanisole (DNAN) are the major constituents of PAX-21. In order to evaluate microbial perchlorate reduction as a practical option for the treatment of perchlorate in PAX-21 wastewater, we conducted biodegradation experiments using glucose as the primary sources of electrons and carbon. Batch experiments showed that negligible perchlorate was removed in microbial reactors containing PAX-21 wastewater while control bottles containing seed bacteria and glucose rapidly and completely removed perchlorate. These results suggested that the constituents in PAX-21 wastewater may be toxic to perchlorate reducing bacteria. A series of batch toxicity test was conducted to identify the toxic constituents in PAX-21 and DNAN was identified as the primary toxicant responsible for inhibiting the activity of perchlorate reducing bacteria. It was hypothesized that pretreatment of PAX-21 by zero-valent iron granules will transform toxic constituents in PAX-21 wastewater to non-toxic products. We observed complete reduction of DNAN to 2,4-diaminoanisole (DAAN) and RDX to formaldehyde in abiotic iron reduction study. After a 3-day acclimation period, perchlorate in iron-treated PAX-21 wastewater was rapidly decreased to an undetectable level in 2 days. This result demonstrated that iron treatment not only removed energetic compounds but also eliminated the toxic constituents that inhibited the subsequent microbial process.

  5. Army Basic Skills Provision: Whole Organisation Approach/Lessons Learnt (United States)

    Basic Skills Agency, 2007


    The Army began working in partnership with the Basic Skills Agency in 2000. This was formalised with the establishment of the Basic Skills Agency's National Support Project for the Army (2001) that contributes to the raising of basic skills standards in the Army by advising on, and assisting with, the development of the Army's basic skills policy…

  6. Aviation medicine and the Army. (United States)

    Vyrnwy-Jones, P; Thornton, R


    The purpose of this short series of articles is not to present the reader with a vast amount of technical data, soon to be forgotten, but to provide some items of general interest from the past, present, and future of Army aviation. Obviously there will be a concentration on medical matters, but the aim is to give the reader a feel for the rapid progress being made in helicopter design and the likely problems we may face in the future. The first article serves as an introduction to the series and three further articles will cover various aspects of the speciality. The second will be concerned with AAC helicopter accidents and will include accident investigation, crashworthiness and the contribution made by pilot error. The third article will cover major environmental problems of helicopters, particularly noise, vibration and thermal stress. The fourth article will examine ways in which microprocessors and modern technology will affect future helicopter and ancillary equipment development; for instance, a helicopter with no external windows has been suggested, 'The Iron Cockpit'. The fifth article will be concerned with the clinical aspects of Army Aviation medicine.

  7. Annual Historical Review. (United States)


    Development Plan V 41 _ MRSA Field Evaluation on SDC Program V 41 ,-. SMART at AMCCOM V 41 MOP Shop Relocation V 42 M249 Squad Automatic Weapon V 42 Technical... robotics , and measurements and qualification of auto gages at Mississippi Army Ammunition Plant. Major General 0. Decker (retired) conducted telerobotically operated to eliminate human contact with dud ammunition. The Human Engineering Laboratory (HEL) had an ongoing robotic test project

  8. Getting it right: revamping Army talent management


    Cook, Brian S.


    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited U.S. Army officers face countless opportunity costs, especially at the mid-grade level, when deciding to stay in the Army past the ten-year mark of service. The scarcity of skilled labor in today’s economy makes it important that organizations, especially the Army, retain their human capital investment. This thesis suggests techniques to acquire, manage, and retain talent to ensure that the Army’s officer talent pool is not depleted. S...

  9. the Army Ethic-Educating and Equipping the Army Mid-Level Leaders in the CGSOC (United States)


    sexually assaulting a female subordinate.3 How has the Army responded to such ethical lapses that could have resulted in a loss of operational...a set of normative expectations for military officers. Army Profession. ADRP 1 defines the Army Profession as “a unique vocation of experts...Primarily refers to institutional, formal education that occurs throughout an officer’s career , commonly referred to as professional military

  10. Detoxification of PAX-21 ammunitions wastewater by zero-valent iron for microbial reduction of perchlorate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahn, Se Chang; Cha, Daniel K. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States); Kim, Byung J. [U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Champaign, IL 61826-9005 (United States); Oh, Seok-Young, E-mail: [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Ulsan, Ulsan 680-749 (Korea, Republic of)


    Highlights: {yields} Ammonium perchlorate, hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) and 2,4-dinitroanisole (DNAN) are the major constituents of PAX-21. {yields} DNAN is identified as the primary toxicant responsible for inhibiting the activity of perchlorate reducing bacteria. {yields} Iron treatment not only removes energetic compounds but also eliminates the toxic constituents that inhibit the subsequent microbial process. - Abstract: US Army and the Department of Defense (DoD) facilities generate perchlorate (ClO{sub 4}{sup -}) from munitions manufacturing and demilitarization processes. Ammonium perchlorate is one of the main constituents in Army's new main charge melt-pour energetic, PAX-21. In addition to ammonium perchlorate, hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) and 2,4-dinitroanisole (DNAN) are the major constituents of PAX-21. In order to evaluate microbial perchlorate reduction as a practical option for the treatment of perchlorate in PAX-21 wastewater, we conducted biodegradation experiments using glucose as the primary sources of electrons and carbon. Batch experiments showed that negligible perchlorate was removed in microbial reactors containing PAX-21 wastewater while control bottles containing seed bacteria and glucose rapidly and completely removed perchlorate. These results suggested that the constituents in PAX-21 wastewater may be toxic to perchlorate reducing bacteria. A series of batch toxicity test was conducted to identify the toxic constituents in PAX-21 and DNAN was identified as the primary toxicant responsible for inhibiting the activity of perchlorate reducing bacteria. It was hypothesized that pretreatment of PAX-21 by zero-valent iron granules will transform toxic constituents in PAX-21 wastewater to non-toxic products. We observed complete reduction of DNAN to 2,4-diaminoanisole (DAAN) and RDX to formaldehyde in abiotic iron reduction study. After a 3-day acclimation period, perchlorate in iron-treated PAX-21

  11. Army JTIDS: A C3 Case Study (United States)


    Guerra , Director of Combat Developments, United States Army Signal Center, Fort Gordon for his sponsorship. Professor Donald A. Lacer and frequency band. This insures compatibility with civil Distance Measuring Equipment (DME), Military Tactical Air Navigation equipment (TACAN...LEBMNN~JORDAN ,AFGHNISTrAN ISRAEL, EGYPT SAD SUDAN SOUT)H YEMEN YEMEN ETHIOPIA Figure 22 The JSTARS Radar Platform data to Army fire support

  12. Strategic Planning and Army Installation Management. (United States)


    program. The U.S. Army has adopted the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award criteria for use in the ACOE program. Strategic planning is one of pillars of the Baldrige criteria. The Army has recognized that strategic planning is the key to the future. Strategic planning is the key to...and utilization of strategic planning . This paper examines through case study analysis several civilian communities and lessons learned through their

  13. Current and Future Army Resiliency Programs (United States)


    organizational learning, Peter Senge , illustrates this point very well: “Organizations learn only through individuals who learn. Individual learning does not...downloads/CSF2Newsletter- Issue3.pdf, (accessed March 3, 2013). 11 Griffith, “Army Suicides,” 496. 12 Casey, “Comprehensive Soldier Fitness,” 2. 13 Peter ... Senge , The Fifth Discipline: The Art & Practice of the Learning Organization (New York, NY: Doubleday, 2006), 129. 14 Griffith, “Army Suicides,” 505

  14. 2009 Center for Army Leadership Annual Survey of Army Leadership (CASAL): Main Findings (United States)


    Effective/Very Effective (AC, 2007-2009) Army Values Empathy Warrior Ethos Military Bearing/Physical Fitness Composure/ Resilence Mental Agility Sound...dependents ( children ) does not appear to have as much of an impact on morale, as 21% of Army leaders who indicate having no dependents report low or

  15. Army Transformaton: A View from the U.S. Army War College (United States)


    71 4. THE ARMY THROUGH THE LOOKING GLASS William F. Grimsley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 5...THE ARMY THROUGH THE LOOKING GLASS William F. Grimsley “Who are you?" said the caterpillar. “I-I hardly know, Sir, just at present—at least I know...

  16. Analysis of the Stability of Ammunition Supplies Chain System Based on SD%基于SD的弹药供应链系统稳定性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵美; 王立欣; 李文生; 王海宽


    为了研究弹药供应链系统的稳定性,基于弹药供应链系统的组成进行分析,采用系统动力学方法建立了二阶弹药供应链系统的稳定性模型,并利用系统动力学专用软件Vensim对该模型进行数学建模与仿真实验,得到系统稳定、出现震荡及溢出现象时相关参数的取值范围。仿真结果表明:影响弹药供应链系统稳定性的因素是弹药库订货决策的参数,与外部需求无关。%In order to solve the stability of the ammunition supplies chain system,second-level system of the ammunition supplies chain is set up based on the composition analysis of ammunition supplies chain system.Mathematics modeling and simulation experiment are carried on using professional SD software Vensim,and the value range of the parameter is elicited when the system come forth stability,shake and overflow phenomenon.The simulation result shows that the factor which influence the stability of the system of the ammunition supplies chain is the parameter of the magazine order decision,and has nothing to do with the external demand.

  17. Effectiveness of action to reduce exposure of free-ranging California condors in Arizona and Utah to lead from spent ammunition. (United States)

    Green, Rhys E; Hunt, W Grainger; Parish, Christopher N; Newton, Ian


    California condors (Gymnogyps californianus) released into the wild in Arizona ranged widely in Arizona and Utah. Previous studies have shown that the blood lead concentrations of many of the birds rise because of ingestion of spent lead ammunition. Condors were routinely recaptured and treated to reduce their lead levels as necessary but, even so, several died from lead poisoning. We used tracking data from VHF and satellite tags, together with the results of routine testing of blood lead concentrations, to estimate daily changes in blood lead level in relation to the location of each bird. The mean daily increment in blood lead concentration depended upon both the location of the bird and the time of year. Birds that spent time during the deer hunting season in two areas in which deer were shot with lead ammunition (Kaibab Plateau (Arizona) and Zion (Utah)) were especially likely to have high blood lead levels. The influence upon blood lead level of presence in a particular area declined with time elapsed since the bird was last there. We estimated the daily blood lead level for each bird and its influence upon daily mortality rate from lead poisoning. Condors with high blood lead over a protracted period were much more likely to die than birds with low blood lead or short-term elevation. We simulated the effect of ending the existing lead exposure reduction measures at Kaibab Plateau, which encourage the voluntary use of non-lead ammunition and removal of gut piles of deer and elk killed using lead ammunition. The estimated mortality rate due to lead in the absence of this program was sufficiently high that the condor population would be expected to decline rapidly. The extension of the existing lead reduction program to cover Zion (Utah), as well as the Kaibab plateau, would be expected to reduce mortality caused by lead substantially and allow the condor population to increase.

  18. Effectiveness of Action to Reduce Exposure of Free-Ranging California Condors in Arizona and Utah to Lead from Spent Ammunition


    Green, Rhys E.; W Grainger Hunt; Christopher N Parish; Ian Newton


    California condors (Gymnogyps californianus) released into the wild in Arizona ranged widely in Arizona and Utah. Previous studies have shown that the blood lead concentrations of many of the birds rise because of ingestion of spent lead ammunition. Condors were routinely recaptured and treated to reduce their lead levels as necessary but, even so, several died from lead poisoning. We used tracking data from VHF and satellite tags, together with the results of routine testing of blood lead co...

  19. Effectiveness of action to reduce exposure of free-ranging California condors in Arizona and Utah to lead from spent ammunition.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rhys E Green

    Full Text Available California condors (Gymnogyps californianus released into the wild in Arizona ranged widely in Arizona and Utah. Previous studies have shown that the blood lead concentrations of many of the birds rise because of ingestion of spent lead ammunition. Condors were routinely recaptured and treated to reduce their lead levels as necessary but, even so, several died from lead poisoning. We used tracking data from VHF and satellite tags, together with the results of routine testing of blood lead concentrations, to estimate daily changes in blood lead level in relation to the location of each bird. The mean daily increment in blood lead concentration depended upon both the location of the bird and the time of year. Birds that spent time during the deer hunting season in two areas in which deer were shot with lead ammunition (Kaibab Plateau (Arizona and Zion (Utah were especially likely to have high blood lead levels. The influence upon blood lead level of presence in a particular area declined with time elapsed since the bird was last there. We estimated the daily blood lead level for each bird and its influence upon daily mortality rate from lead poisoning. Condors with high blood lead over a protracted period were much more likely to die than birds with low blood lead or short-term elevation. We simulated the effect of ending the existing lead exposure reduction measures at Kaibab Plateau, which encourage the voluntary use of non-lead ammunition and removal of gut piles of deer and elk killed using lead ammunition. The estimated mortality rate due to lead in the absence of this program was sufficiently high that the condor population would be expected to decline rapidly. The extension of the existing lead reduction program to cover Zion (Utah, as well as the Kaibab plateau, would be expected to reduce mortality caused by lead substantially and allow the condor population to increase.

  20. Analysis and Research of the Despinning Characteristics of Cannon Carried Falling Ammunition%榴弹搭载伞降子弹减旋特性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊; 刘闯; 孙丽萍; 程宏涛


    针对榴弹搭载伞降子弹减旋翼片的结构特点,分析了其所受力矩,建立了伞降子弹在减速减旋阶段运动微分方程,仿真计算得出了在此阶段子弹的转速-时间曲线,计算结果和实弹试验均表明减旋翼片能使子弹的转速在较短的时间内由几百转/s降至零,从而使子弹达到稳定工作状态,说明减旋翼片能够满足伞降子弹的减旋要求.最后,分析了不同展长和开伞点不同存速对减旋翼片减旋性能影响.%According to the structure characteristics of despinning wings of cannon carried Falling ammunition, torque is analyzed, The movement differential equation in the deceleration and despinning stage is established. The velocity-time curve is calculated, the results and live firing testing indicate the velocity of ammunition can be reduced from several hundred rad/s to zero in a short time by using despinning wings. Ammunition can reach the steady-working state accordingly and the despinning wings can satisfied requirements of reducing velocity of ammunition. Finally, it is analysed that different spans and different velocities in parachute-opening point influence despinning performance of the despinning wings.

  1. U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (United States)

    ... and thank you for your interest in the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID). ... This Web site provides an introduction to the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) ...

  2. Bot armies as threats to network security (United States)

    Banks, Sheila B.; Stytz, Martin R.


    "Botnets", or "bot armies", are large groups of remotely controlled malicious software. Bot armies pose one of the most serious security threats to all networks. Botnets, remotely controlled and operated by botmasters or botherders, can launch massive denial of service attacks, multiple penetration attacks, or any other malicious network activity on a massive scale. While bot army activity has, in the past, been limited to fraud, blackmail, and other forms of criminal activity, their potential for causing large-scale damage to the entire internet; for launching large-scale, coordinated attacks on government computers and networks; and for large-scale, coordinated data gathering from thousands of users and computers on any network has been underestimated. This paper will not discuss how to build bots but the threats they pose. In a "botnet" or "bot army", computers can be used to spread spam, launch denial-of-service attacks against Web sites, conduct fraudulent activities, and prevent authorized network traffic from traversing the network. In this paper we discuss botnets and the technologies that underlie this threat to network and computer security. The first section motivates the need for improved protection against botnets, their technologies, and for further research about botnets. The second contains background information about bot armies and their key underlying technologies. The third section presents a discussion of the types of attacks that botnets can conduct and potential defenses against them. The fourth section contains a summary and suggestions for future research and development.

  3. 航母航空弹药组成及需求分析%The composition and requirement analysis of aviation ammunition in aircraft carrier

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史文强; 陈练; 蒋志勇


    为了保证持续的打击能力,舰载机必须往返于航母和战场上空,通过飞行甲板上的挂弹作业完成弹药补给,因而挂弹架次以及弹药需求量对于航空作业的规划安排具有重要意义.针对美国现役“尼米兹”级航母及其舰载机F/A-18E/F“超级大黄蜂”,重点分析了航母航空弹药类型及舰载机挂弹配置;讨论了作战架次的基本组成并总结了挂弹架次计算的基本步骤.以“尼米兹”级和“福特”级航母为例,详细计算了挂弹架次以及航空弹药需求量,并对弹药库自持力进行分析.结果表明,舰载机挂弹架次和航空弹药需求之间存在互相制约的关系.弹药需求量的分析对于航母设计和作战使用具有一定参考价值.%In order to ensure the sustained strike ability,embarked aircraft's should fly between the aircraft carrier and the midair of battlefield,completing the ammunition supplies by ordnance handling on the flight deck. Therefore, arming sortie of embarked aircrafts and requirement for ammunition have an important significance for planning arrangement of aviation operation. Based on the operation experience of USS Niinitz and F/A-l 8E/F Super Hornet onboard, analysis was firstly focused on the main types of aviation ammunition and the basic ordnance configuration for embarked aircraft. Then following by the discussion about breakdown of strike sorties and basic calculation steps of arming sortie, attention was drawn to the detailed calculation of arming sortie and ammunition requirement for USS Nimitz and Ford class aircraft carrier( CVN78). In the end,analysis was also performed on the self-supplying capacity of magazine stock in aircraft carrier. The conclusion is that it is interdependent between the arming sortie and requirement for ammunition. Paper's research production is valuable to the design and operation for aircraft carrier.

  4. Heavy Lift Army Landing Craft (United States)


    comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. PLEASE DO NOT RETURN YOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE...Appendix E. 15 SWBS Group Weight (mt) 100 Hull Structures 307 200 Propulsion Plant 383 300 Electrical Plant 10 400 Command and Control the current use of Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCAC – hovercraft ) and in recent projects such as the T-Craft project, which has looked at

  5. Retaining Talent for Army 2020: Overcoming Institutional Barriers (United States)


    Assignments for Leaders, RETAL, 8. 18 Casey Wardynski, David S. Lyle, and Michael J. Colarusso , Towards a U.S. Army Officer Corps Strategy for...Opportunities (Boston: Harvard University, 2011), 17. 22 32 Wardynski, Lyle, and Colarusso , Towards a U.S. Army Officer Corps Strategy (accessed March 14, 2012). 34 Wardynski, Lyle, and Colarusso , Towards a U.S. Army Officer Corps Strategy for

  6. Army Communicator. Volume 32, Number 2, Spring 2007 (United States)


    Engineering requires skilled leaders LTC Tony Roper 14 Update Telecommunications Systems Engineering Course MAJ Mark Thomson 16 The Paradigm shift in 200 locations. Each TLA stack includes, at a minimum, an Army Security Router and an Intrusion Detection System or Intrusion Protection System...Security Center APC – Area Processing Center ARNET – Army Reserve Network ARSTRAT – Army Strategic Com- mand ASR – Army Security Router CIF – Central Issue

  7. Massive Joint Multinational Exercise Planning to Solve Army Warfighting Challenges (United States)


    the Army), 2-29. 8 Scope and Delimitations This study assesses the feasibility and ability of an Army division, and accompanying installation... Studies by NICHOLAS L. ROWLAND, MAJOR, U.S. ARMY B.S., Information Technology, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, Georgia, 2005...shows how division planners can tailor them to study AWFCs. Army and joint commanders should align the majority of their training objectives with

  8. Optimizing the Sustainment of U.S. Army Weapon Systems (United States)


    64 OPTIMIZING SUSTAINMENT OF ARMY SYSTEMS 6 Chapter 1 - Optimizing the Sustainment of U.S. Army Weapon Systems In a paradigm shift from...past 13 years. The result has been the erosion of perishable maintenance skills. The Army must develop the most effective plan to sustain these...communities to study and effectively manage Army sustainment . One effort is the development of Maintenance Steering Groups (MSG) to perform extensive

  9. Reform of the Army Physical Disability Evaluation System (United States)


    that USAPDA currently falls under the Army Human Resources Command and not the Army Medical Command in that the medical department only provides...confusing to Soldiers, and leaves the impression that the Army ‘ underrates ’ disability in order to achieve fiscal savings.33 While that may not be the...Adapted from the PDES Review for the Commanding General, Human Resources Command as presented by the U.S. Army Physical Disability Agency, 3 July 2008

  10. Irrigation Alternatives to Meet Army Net Zero Water Goals (United States)


    Up to 100 Rain Barrel Catchment Up to...US Army Corps of Engineers BUILDING STRONG® Irrigation Alternatives to Meet Army Net Zero Water Goals Richard J. Scholze Dick L. Gebhart H...TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2012 to 00-00-2012 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Irrigation Alternatives to Meet Army Net Zero Water Goals 5a. CONTRACT

  11. Training America’s Army for the Next Millennium. (United States)


    Corte Madera , California: Waite Group Press, 1994), 28. 9 William W. Hartzog and Susan Canedy, "TRADOC: Moving the Army Into the Future," Army...Future. Corte Madera , California: Waite Group Press, 1994. Romjue, John, L. American Army Doctrine for the Post-Cold War. Washington, D.C.: U.S

  12. The Women’s Army Corps: 1945-1978 (United States)


    floor-length wool skirt, white silk blouse , blue tiara with gold thread embroidery, blue suede pumps, white kid gloves, and a finger-tip length blue...24, 33, 267 Army Uniform Board, 162, 260 chief, 64, 94, 162, 212. See also Blanch - Army Uniform Branch, 394 field, Col. Florence A.; Bryant, Col. Army

  13. 32 CFR 508.1 - Utilization of Army bands. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Utilization of Army bands. 508.1 Section 508.1 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS COMPETITION WITH CIVILIAN BANDS § 508.1 Utilization of Army bands. (a)...

  14. 32 CFR 644.517 - Clearance of Army lands. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Clearance of Army lands. 644.517 Section 644.517 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL... and Improvements § 644.517 Clearance of Army lands. The responsibility for performing clearance...

  15. 32 CFR 636.10 - Hunter Army Airfield vehicle registration. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Hunter Army Airfield vehicle registration. 636.10... Stewart, Georgia § 636.10 Hunter Army Airfield vehicle registration. Personnel assigned or employed at Hunter Army Airfield are required to register their privately owned vehicles within five days...

  16. Army Energy and Water Reporting System Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deprez, Peggy C.; Giardinelli, Michael J.; Burke, John S.; Connell, Linda M.


    There are many areas of desired improvement for the Army Energy and Water Reporting System. The purpose of system is to serve as a data repository for collecting information from energy managers, which is then compiled into an annual energy report. This document summarizes reported shortcomings of the system and provides several alternative approaches for improving application usability and adding functionality. The U.S. Army has been using Army Energy and Water Reporting System (AEWRS) for many years to collect and compile energy data from installations for facilitating compliance with Federal and Department of Defense energy management program reporting requirements. In this analysis, staff from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory found that substantial opportunities exist to expand AEWRS functions to better assist the Army to effectively manage energy programs. Army leadership must decide if it wants to invest in expanding AEWRS capabilities as a web-based, enterprise-wide tool for improving the Army Energy and Water Management Program or simply maintaining a bottom-up reporting tool. This report looks at both improving system functionality from an operational perspective and increasing user-friendliness, but also as a tool for potential improvements to increase program effectiveness. The authors of this report recommend focusing on making the system easier for energy managers to input accurate data as the top priority for improving AEWRS. The next major focus of improvement would be improved reporting. The AEWRS user interface is dated and not user friendly, and a new system is recommended. While there are relatively minor improvements that could be made to the existing system to make it easier to use, significant improvements will be achieved with a user-friendly interface, new architecture, and a design that permits scalability and reliability. An expanded data set would naturally have need of additional requirements gathering and a focus on integrating

  17. US Army primary radiation standards complex

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rogers, S.C. [Radiation Standards and Dosimetry Laboratory, Redstone Arsenal, AL (United States)


    This paper describes the U.S. Army Primary Radiation Standards Complex (PRSC) to be constructed at Redstone Arsenal, Alabama. The missions of the organizations to be located in the PRSC are described. The health physics review of the facility design is discussed. The radiation sources to be available in the PRSC and the resulting measurement capabilities of the Army Primary Standards Laboratory Nucleonics section are specified. Influence of the National Voluntary Laboratory Accrediation Program (NVLAP) accreditation criteria on facility design and source selection is illustrated.

  18. Modeling Method Research of Ammunition Allocation Decision-Making Oriented on Equipment Combat Simulation%面向装备作战仿真的弹药调拨供应决策建模方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊胜利; 柏彦奇; 秦键; 姚涛


    针对用线性规划方法在解决弹药调拨供应决策过程中存在的弹药调拨供应量的分配与弹药保障原则关联不紧密的问题,采用目标规划理论与方法,引入优先级区分主要作战方向和次要作战方向弹药库的重要程度,在同一优先级上以权重区分一梯队、二梯队及预备队弹药库的弹药保障优先顺序,使得模型的构建过程与弹药保障原则紧密相联.同时,在模型构建过程中,综合考虑了弹药消耗预测量、弹药储备标准和弹药运输时限等因素对弹药调拨供应决策的影响,并从本级弹药储备不足和充足两种情况进行了数值模型及分析,验证了模型的正确性与可靠性,为弹药调拨供应提供了决策支持与理论支撑.%To solve the problem of the loose co-relationship between ammunition allocation and ammunition support principles resulting from decision-making based on linear programming, it adopts object programming and introduces priority level to distinguish the importance of ammunition depots in major engagement direction and minor engagement direction.Moreover it uses weight to define the order of priority for ammunition allocation of the first echelon, the second echelon and preliminary echelon.So it can combine clolsely the modeling procedures and ammunition allocation principles.At the same time,it thinks over synthetically the impact of ammunition consumption prediction quantity,ammunition storing standard and transportation time constraint on ammunition allocation decision-making.Finally it promotes the correctness and reliability of model results and provides theoretical support for ammunition allocation decision-making.

  19. Energy Engineering Analysis. Cutler Army Community Hospital and Associated Facilities, Fort Devens, Massachusetts. Volume 1 - executive summary. Final Submittal report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    In February 1980, the Corps of Engineers, Norfolk District, initiated Contract No. DACA65-80-C-0003 with Reynolds, Smith and Hills, Architects-Engineers-Planners, Inc. of Jacksonville, Florida. This contract called for the performance of Energy Engineering Analysis Programs (EEAP) at three U.S. Army installations: Fort Devens, Massachusetts; Letterkenny Army Depot, Pennsylvania; and Seneca Army Depot, New York. The objective of these programs was the identification, evaluation and development of programming documents for energy conservation projects which meet the criteria of the Army`s Energy Conservation Investment Program (ECIP) and other funding mechanisms. The basic contract was modified by the Corps of Engineers several times to include additional increments of energy-related studies at each of the three installations. Work performed thus far for Fort Devens has included the following increments: A - ECIP`s for buildings and processes; B - ECIP`s for utilities and energy distribution systems and EMCS; C - Solar and renewable energy systems; D - Wood-Fired Steam Generation Plant; E - Coal conversion; and G - Projects identified in Increments A B that did not meet ECIP criteria In order to fulfill expanded requirements of the Army Facilities Energy Plan, the Corps of Engineers extended the contract with RSH to include a detailed energy audit of the Cutler Army Community Hospital and Associated Facilities at Fort Devens, Massachusetts. The Associated Facilities are the Vail Dental Clinic and the Oral Health Center. The energy audit consists of a field survey, analysis of energy conservation opportunities, and development of 1391`s and other programming documents for qualifying projects.

  20. Ammunition for Law Enforcement. Part II. Data Obtained for Bullets Penetrating Tissue Simulant (United States)


    Kind and Knox Gelatin Company, Ordnance Type 2SOA. Home Office: Johnstown, New York; production plant: Camden, New Jersey. (2) Thymol , available from...container and the other stirrer near the bottom. Add three grams of thymol * and dissolve in the hot water. Add 3,000 grams of Pharmagel A to the hot... tlR t2J 12A LP 137 14:? ’d 7 15? 157 !6:? 1fl7 17?. t 77 11𔃻? 167 192 !Q7 201 206 21 1 216 22! 22ti 231 CAVITY RADllJSI

  1. 2013 Center for Army Leadership Annual Survey of Army Leadership (CASAL): Main Findings (United States)


    the Leadership Requirements Model and Leader Effectiveness Implicit leadership theory (Eden & Leviatan , 1975; Yukl, 2002) indicates followers...D.C.: Headquarters, Department of the Army. Eden, D. & Leviatan , U. (1975). Implicit leadership theory as a determinant of the factor structure

  2. Historic Properties Report: Stratford Army Engine Plant, Connecticut. (United States)


    Abrams XMl Main Battle Tank. In May 1979 Stratford Division contracted for the first 110 XMI production engines. 2 8 Avco Lycoming also introduced the...helicopter accomplishments see his autobiography The Study of Winged-S; Moran, Aeroplanes Vought, p. 71; Norman Polmar and Floyd D. Kennedy, Jr., Military... Floyd D. Jr. Military Helicopters of the World. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1981. Concise guide to historic and contemporary helicopters

  3. Upgrading Army Sewage Treatment Plant Trickling Filters with Synthetic Media. (United States)


    depth. E. Howland, pp 435-465.o. 1W. W. Eckenfelder , Jr., "Trickling Filter Design and Perforamnce," Jour. San. Engr. Div. ASCE, Vol 87, No. SA4 (July... Eckenfelder 𔃻 suggests 6 = 1.02 to 1.072, in using T-20the equation kT.= k20 6 0 The values of m and n are constant for a given filter, reflecting the type... Eckenfelder , Jr., Industrial Water Pollution Control (McGraw- Hill, 1966). 12Design of Wastewater Treatment Facilities Major Systems, EM 1110-2-501

  4. Estimating active Army and Army Reserve competition for high quality recruits with other military services


    Demyanovich, James M.


    The analysis concentrated primarily on the recruiting of high quality recruits for the period FY 1987 through 2d Quarter FY 1995. The U.S. Military Entrance Processing Command (USMEPCOM) data used contained sufficiently accurate figures on Active Army and Army Reserve accessions. The data appears to represent a relatively accurate historical record of the number of non prior service enlistments into the Military Services, with the exception of the Air National Guard and Ai...

  5. Typology of Army Families. Coping Styles of Successful, Career Army Families (United States)


    22% Individuals ( Trainees , holdees, etc.) 101,000 13% The Army has approximately 100 different job titles, called Military Occupational trainee program. He received his draft notice, and he enlisted in the Army under the College/Officer C-ndidate School (OCS) program. His...not really like it there. TPhe neighbor s were, not very friendly, bu~t Betty has been trying to organize a block Clb I h U elt that she as gained o

  6. Army Strong: Equipped, Trained and Ready. Final Report of the 2010 Army Acquisition Review (United States)


    Disadvantaged Business Utilization, Department of the Army Price, Lee, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, PEO, Command Control Communications-Tactical...based on QDRs or future forecasts. Task Force ODIN was a successful rapid acquisition. It delivered a counter-Improvised Explosive Device ( build • Deliver 6 Lots of 250 a/c • IOTE using five AB3 aircraft in Mar 2012 • FRP decision planned for Jul 2012 • Development will continue

  7. Army Science Board Ad Hoc Sub-Group Report on Energy Needs of the Army, (United States)


    and solar. The goal for the year 2000 is to reduce the use of natural petroleum by 75 percent and to replace natural gas with synthetic gas ( syngas ...example, one * goal states that (by 2000) syngas will replace natural gas. The Army has therefore programed efforts to Implement syngas tech- nologies at...the reactor would run at full capacity to make up for shortages and to allow the Army to meet expanded needs. The AHSG notes that such systems resolve

  8. Design of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS). (United States)

    Kessler, Ronald C; Colpe, Lisa J; Fullerton, Carol S; Gebler, Nancy; Naifeh, James A; Nock, Matthew K; Sampson, Nancy A; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M; Stein, Murray B; Ursano, Robert J; Heeringa, Steven G


    The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) is a multi-component epidemiological and neurobiological study designed to generate actionable evidence-based recommendations to reduce US Army suicides and increase basic knowledge about the determinants of suicidality. This report presents an overview of the designs of the six components of the Army STARRS. These include: an integrated analysis of the Historical Administrative Data Study (HADS) designed to provide data on significant administrative predictors of suicides among the more than 1.6 million soldiers on active duty in 2004-2009; retrospective case-control studies of suicide attempts and fatalities; separate large-scale cross-sectional studies of new soldiers (i.e. those just beginning Basic Combat Training [BCT], who completed self-administered questionnaires [SAQs] and neurocognitive tests and provided blood samples) and soldiers exclusive of those in BCT (who completed SAQs); a pre-post deployment study of soldiers in three Brigade Combat Teams about to deploy to Afghanistan (who completed SAQs and provided blood samples) followed multiple times after returning from deployment; and a platform for following up Army STARRS participants who have returned to civilian life. Department of Defense/Army administrative data records are linked with SAQ data to examine prospective associations between self-reports and subsequent suicidality. The presentation closes with a discussion of the methodological advantages of cross-component coordination.

  9. Field procedures in the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS). (United States)

    Heeringa, Steven G; Gebler, Nancy; Colpe, Lisa J; Fullerton, Carol S; Hwang, Irving; Kessler, Ronald C; Naifeh, James A; Nock, Matthew K; Sampson, Nancy A; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M; Stein, Murray B; Ursano, Robert J


    The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) is a multi-component epidemiological and neurobiological study of unprecedented size and complexity designed to generate actionable evidence-based recommendations to reduce US Army suicides and increase basic knowledge about determinants of suicidality by carrying out coordinated component studies. A number of major logistical challenges were faced in implementing these studies. The current report presents an overview of the approaches taken to meet these challenges, with a special focus on the field procedures used to implement the component studies. As detailed in the paper, these challenges were addressed at the onset of the initiative by establishing an Executive Committee, a Data Coordination Center (the Survey Research Center [SRC] at the University of Michigan), and study-specific design and analysis teams that worked with staff on instrumentation and field procedures. SRC staff, in turn, worked with the Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of the Army (ODUSA) and local Army Points of Contact (POCs) to address logistical issues and facilitate data collection. These structures, coupled with careful fieldworker training, supervision, and piloting, contributed to the major Army STARRS data collection efforts having higher response rates than previous large-scale studies of comparable military samples.

  10. 32 CFR 651.5 - Army policies. (United States)


    ... statements specifying that they have no financial or other interest in the outcome of the project. The..., or any protected natural or ecological resources of global importance. (g) Army NEPA documentation.../statement and also avoid extensive, time-consuming, and costly analyses or revisions. Project proponents...

  11. Dental Therapy Assistant: Attitudes of Army Dentists. (United States)

    Heid, Theodore H.; Bair, Jeffrey H.

    The U. S. Army Dental Corps has implemented a formal program based on the concept that dental care can be more efficiently and effectively provided with treatment teams composed of one dental officer, two dental therapy assistants, one basic assistant, and the shared support of other auxiliary personnel. Such a team will use three dental treatment…

  12. Model of Suppression Weapon Ammunition Consumption Prediction Oriented Firepower Strike Mission%面向火力打击任务的压制武器弹药消耗预计模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立欣; 刘志勇; 程中华; 王亚彬


    With the gradual increase of sort of suppression weapon ammunition,the gradual broad firepower strike mission,the problem of ammunition consumption prediction of suppression weapon is getting more and more important. On the base of the multi-target and multi-type ammunition in the firepower strike mission,with the constraints of time and expense,considering the best matching degree of ammunition type and mission,the shortest time,as well as the lowest expense,the model of suppression weapon ammunition consumption prediction oriented firepower strike mission is established by using the goal programming theory. The model are helpful for command organization and support organization to predict ammunition consumption.%随着武器装备的发展和高新技术的应用,压制武器弹药品种日益增多,所承担的火力打击任务日益广泛,压制武器弹药消耗预计问题尤为凸显。从弹种与任务的匹配入手,以弹种任务匹配最佳、完成任务时间最短和完成任务费用最省为决策准则,运用目标规划理论,构建面向火力打击任务的压制武器弹药消耗预计模型,为提高弹药消耗预计的准确性奠定基础,为部队作战指挥机构和保障机构开展弹药消耗预计提供模型支持。

  13. The Army Family Team Building Program: Facilitating a Transformative Learning Process--An Intrinsic Case Study (United States)

    Gall, Joseph A.


    This study sought to understand how the Army Family Team Building program influences self-reliance and self-sufficiency in Army spouses as they integrate into the Army community. The purpose of the Army Family Team Building program is to empower Army spouses with knowledge and skills, which foster well-being and improve quality of life. The…

  14. Breaking the Toxic Leadership Paradigm in the U.S. Army (United States)


    PARADIGM IN THE U.S. ARMY by Colonel Stephen A. Elle United States Army Dr. Richard M. Meinhart Project Adviser...Breaking the Toxic Leadership Paradigm in the U.S. Army by Colonel Stephen A. Elle United States Army United...States Army War College Class of 2012 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT: A Approved for Public Release Distribution is Unlimited This manuscript is

  15. Army Reserve Components: Improvements Needed to Data Quality and Management Procedures to Better Report Soldier Availability (United States)


    medical availability to deploy. All Army Medical Army Training Requirements and Resources System (ATRRS) The management information system of...record for managing soldier training information. All Army Training Total Army Personnel Data Base- Reserve (TAPDB-R) The data system of record for...soldiers. Army National Guard Training, administrative, other Reserve Component Manpower System (RCMS) The data warehouse that provides decision

  16. Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES-ETM) System. Environmental Impact Assessment Process Implementation Plan (United States)


    ETM system. These five sites are: White Sands Missile Range (WSMR) Site, New Mexico Badger Army Ammunition Plant (BAAP) Site, Wisconsin BPA Hanford ...Geological Conditions: Hazards, energy and mineral resources and soil resources; and ■ Seismic Conditions: Physiography, stratigraphy, geologic...structure, and regional seismicity . This work plan identifies requirements for producing an analysis of water resources to be examined during SMES

  17. FY04 NDCEE Annual Technologies Publication (United States)


    Recycling and Reuse System X X Electronic Source Book for Biobased Industrial Products X Electroplating (manual plating) X ElectroSpark Deposition ...Honeycomb Cleaning System ....................................................................................... 102 Ion Beam Assisted Deposition System...HVOC halogenated volatile organic compound IAAAP Iowa Army Ammunition Plant IBAD Ion beam assisted deposition Transferring Technology Solutions vii

  18. FY04 NDCEE Annual Technologies Publications (United States)


    Recycling and Reuse System X X Electronic Source Book for Biobased Industrial Products X Electroplating (manual plating) X ElectroSpark Deposition ...Honeycomb Cleaning System ....................................................................................... 102 Ion Beam Assisted Deposition System...HVOC halogenated volatile organic compound IAAAP Iowa Army Ammunition Plant IBAD Ion beam assisted deposition Transferring Technology Solutions vii

  19. 40 CFR 52.876 - Compliance schedules. (United States)


    ... Wichita 28-19-20A, 28-19-50A Oct. 4, 1974. Kansas Army Ammunition Plant, open burning Parsons 28-19-45 Jan... 28-19-50A Do. U.S. Steel—Universal Atlas Cement Independence Clay storage bin 28-19-50A Do....

  20. Laser-Excited Opto-Acoustic Pulses in a Flame (United States)


    Corporation Ŗ AFRPL (DYSC) AATTN: E.B. Fisher ATTN: D. George P.O. Box 400 J.N. Levine Buffalo, NY 14211 Edwards AFB, CA 93523 4 o u o n1 Foster Miller...Corporation 3 West Virginia University Badger Army Ammunition Plant Department of Chemistry ATTN: J. Ramnarace ATTN: G. Havrilla Baraboo, WI

  1. Automation impact study of Army Training Management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanquist, T.F.; Schuller, C.R.; McCallum, M.C.; Underwood, J.A.; Bettin, P.J.; King, J.L.; Melber, B.D.; Hostick, C.J.; Seaver, D.A.


    The main objectives of this impact study were to identify the potential cost savings associated with automated Army Training Management (TM), and to perform a cost-benefit analysis for an Army-wide automated TM system. A subsidiary goal was to establish baseline data for an independent evaluation of a prototype Integrated Training Management System (ITMS), to be tested in the fall of 1988. A structured analysis of TM doctrine was performed for comparison with empirical data gathered in a job analysis survey of selected units of the 9ID (MTZ) at Ft. Lewis, Washington. These observations will be extended to other units in subsequent surveys. The survey data concerning staffing levels and amount of labor expended on eight distinct TM tasks were analyzed in a cost effectiveness model. The main results of the surveys and cost effectiveness modelling are summarized. 18 figs., 47 tabs.

  2. Making Weapons for the Terracotta Army

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Martinón-Torres


    Full Text Available The Terracotta Army of the First Emperor of China is one of the most emblematic archaeological sites in the world. Many questions remain about the logistics of technology, standardisation and labour organisation behind the creation of such a colossal construction in just a few decades over 2,000 years ago. An ongoing research project co-ordinated between the UCL Institute of Archaeology and the Emperor Qin Shihang's Terracotta Army Museum is beginning to address some of these questions. This paper outlines some results of the typological, metric, microscopic, chemical and spatial analyses of the 40,000 bronze weapons recovered with the Terracotta Warriors. Thanks to a holistic approach developed specifically for this project, it is possible to reveal remarkable aspects of the organisation of the Qin workforce in production cells, of the standardisation, efficiency and quality-control procedures employed, and of the sophisticated technical knowledge of the weapon-makers.

  3. Developing Adaptive Junior Leaders in the Army Nurse Corps (United States)


    of the Army 2007a; Department of the Army 2007c; Wardynski, Lyle, and Colarusso 2009). The operational assignment may be the most important of the...professors and retired Army officers, Casey Wardynski, David Lyle, and Michael Colarusso , “Adaptability is the ability to develop mental acuity and...The benefit to adaptability, according to Wardynski, Lyle, and Colarusso , is that “The more adaptable [one becomes], the more rapidly one achieves

  4. Know Before You Go: Improving Army Officer Sociocultural Knowledge (United States)


    by Lieutenant Colonel James C. Laughrey United States Army Dr. Richard Meinhart Project Adviser This SRP is...St ra te gy R es ea rc h Pr oj ec t KNOW BEFORE YOU GO: IMPROVING ARMY OFFICER SOCIOCULTURAL KNOWLEDGE BY LIEUTENANT COLONEL JAMES C...LAUGHREY United States Army DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for Public Release. Distribution is Unlimited. USAWC CLASS OF 2008 This SRP is

  5. Professionalism and Leadership in the Army Medical Department (United States)


    Colonel Daniel F . Perugini U. S. Army Faculty Research Advisor Dr. John E. Bokel Dut&~Unaz~i :.4l The Industrial College of the Armed Forces National...profession, from patient care to command. Daniel F . Perugini 1992 Executive Research Project RS 3f Professionalism and Leadership in the Army Medical...Department Colonel Daniel F . Perugini U. S. Army Faculty Research Advisor Dr. John E. Bokel 4- I-orce 4Ls • ..... ’ /or The Industrial College of the Armed

  6. A Review of the Army’s Modular Force Structure (United States)


    and coordinating the schedules of busy Army stakeholders . Rickey Smith, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, Army Capabilities Integration Center...and Terry Pudas at the National Defense University for their thorough reviews of this report and for their thoughtful sug- gestions , which were...formations found in the pages of the docu- ments cited in the bibliography. The project also hosted interim reviews with stakeholders from the Office of

  7. Technology and the Era of the Mass Army


    Massimiliano Gaetano Onorato; Kenneth Scheve; David Stasavage


    We investigate how technology has influenced the size of armies. During the nineteenth century the development of the railroad made it possible to field and support mass armies, significantly increasing the observed size of military forces. During the late twentieth century further advances in technology made it possible to deliver explosive force from a distance and with precision, making mass armies less desirable. We find strong support for our technological account using a new data set co...

  8. [The army nurse, from hospital to overseas operations]. (United States)

    Guérot, Françoise; Saliou, Henri; Lefort, Hugues; De Rudnickl, Stéphane


    Assigned to French army teaching hospitals, the army nurse can be deployed on overseas operations in support of the armed forces. Experience in the treatment of casualties in life-threatening emergencies is essential, as is the ability to adapt and react. Designated on a voluntary basis, after some two years of working in an army teaching hospital, the hospital nurse receives training in the specificities of the theatre of deployment.

  9. Electronic Warfare in Army Models - A Survey. (United States)



  10. Army Support during the Hurricane Katrina Disaster (United States)


    Army leaders and soldiers alike. Honoré was fond of using a football analogy to describe the crisis. He conceded that the “home team” lost the...the movement and distribution of relief supplies. Distribution management teams traveled to the FEMA regional support areas ( RSAs ) to assess their...Osmosis Water Purification Unit RRCC Regional Response Coordination Center RSA regional support area RSOI reception, staging, onward movement, and

  11. Army Air and Missile Defense. Future Challenges (United States)


    Peace/ Colombia Scenario " Features of this Future "* Spread of democracy eliminates risk of wars "* EU, China, Japan economic, but not political, U.S...multinational effort to restore order to Bogota, Colombia , led by the U.S. Army. This would follow extensive and debilitating urban conflict between...Egypt Civil War Scenario . Features of this Future "* Nation-states destroyed in several regions by overpopulation , environmental degradation, ethnic

  12. Army Tactical Wheeled Vehicle Investment Strategy (United States)


    with a substantial force multiplier by enabling preconfigured loads to be positioned on demountable cargo beds (flat racks ) that allow for increased...International Organization for Standardization (ISO) containers without flat racks . • Modernize Container Handling Units (CHU) with new The standard CHU utilized on the HEMTT does not have an on board stowage capability. As HEMTT M1120s are cycled through the Recap 20 The Army

  13. Economic Value of Army Foreign Military Sales (United States)


    are realized are program budgets necessarily reduce in future years? The government needs to determine which DOD organizations are value added for...SPONSORED REPORT SERIES Economic Value of Army Foreign Military Sales December 2015 MAJ James P. Allen, USA MAJ Scott A. Bailey, USA CPT...and public value . Once the cases were analyzed and compared against each other, advantages or trends in cost savings, cost avoidance, and public value

  14. Army Reserve Capabilities-Based Prioritization Study (United States)


    journal databases such as JSTOR , ABI Inform, Proquest, and Emerald; syllabi for courses in strategic management and planning at Harvard, MIT, Wharton, and...methodology for prioritization. • Secure, database repository of appropriate bins, criteria or metrics for prioritization. • Reproducible...Prioritization PPBC/SRG Initial POM Database turned over to Army Budget TGM Issued ARB Final POM/BES Decisions Price/Rate Changes Other Fact-of-Life Changes

  15. Army Communicator. Volume 34, Number 3, 2009 (United States)


    place, SGT Tonya Robertson. Read their winning essays in this issue of the Army Communicator. Here are some important questions and the relevant...negotiated the Ranger water con- fidence test and slide for life apparatus at Hurley Hill. Next the competitors were flown by UH-60 to Engineer’s Land... Tonya Y. Robertson Every day as an NCO provides me many occasions for jubilation. There are no lost moments or ac- complishments too small for a

  16. Army Aviation Operations in the Pacific Theater (United States)


    on any part of Libyan territory.”31 The deteriorating situation in the city of Benghazi triggered the first air action of the campaign as the French ...Gadhafi’s forces. Attack helicopters also had a role in the campaign with the British Army fielding the AH-64 Apache and the French providing their...number of armed vehicles, displaying the flexibility of helicopter operations in this particular theatre .36 A total of 22 Apache missions (49 combat

  17. US Army Medical Research and Development Report. (United States)


    findings in this report are not to be construed as an official Department of the Army position unless so designated by other authorized documents...characteristics. ACHIEVEMENTS: A commercial dental X-ray film processor unit devel- oped and marketed by the Air Techniques Inc. Company of New Hyde Park, NY, was...has been designed which will increase the usefulness of the standard r. ubered containers. Prototypes will be procured during 2nd Quarter FY80. 83 D

  18. Women in the Army Policy Review (United States)


    chondromalacia of the perfornmance-limiting conditions thait *eiulted from an 8-1%eek patella (21). hip or neck of femur stress fracture (20). the Chondromalacia of patella 21 10 Hip or neck or femur stress fracture 20 9 apparent lack of heel stability inherent in ;he Army boot used Ankle...of the patella a miaieary training program on males and females Aveat Space wert also reported. Environ Afed 30: 562-566. 1979 Although the

  19. Getting It Right: Revamping Army Talent Management (United States)


    forced managers to identify their top, average, and least effective employees in their Session C reviews. Rewards went to the top performers while...Pages Proof of Concept Pilot Report: Using Regulated Market Mechanisms to Manage Officer Talent,” Appendix 3: Talent Supply (Officers). 83 Ibid...Manpower Analysis (OEMA). “Army Green Pages Proof of Concept Pilot Report: Using Regulated Market Mechanisms to Manage Officer Talent.” December 15

  20. The United States Army 1996 Modernization Plan. (United States)


    Targeting-Air, Bi -static Radar for Weapons Location, Combined Arms Command and Control, Battlefield Combat Identification, The Army Combined Arms Weapon...Suppression system (BASS) and the Small Arms Protection system ( SAPS ), reducing weight of the removable armor paneling while providing improved...weapons. The effectiveness of biological warfare ( BW ) agents can now be enhanced through advanced biotechnology. Viruses may be made resistant to

  1. 弹药化验废液电渗析脱盐研究%The Research on Desalination of Waste Liquid of Ammunition Chemical Examination by Electrodialysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张怀智; 谢俊磊; 曹宏安; 谷智国


    为了解决弹药化验废液盐度高、毒性大且对环境污染严重等问题,采用电渗析技术对弹药化验废液进行脱盐处理.通过实验,研究了电渗析时间、实验温度以及物料流量等因素对脱盐效能的影响,结果表明:电渗析技术用于弹药化验废液脱盐处理是可行的,最佳脱盐温度为30℃.%In order to solve the high salinity, toxic and polluting of ammunition laboratory waste liquid, the waste liquid of ammunition chemical examination was desalinated by electrodialysis. Through the experiment the effect of time and temperature of electrodialysis, material flow on the efficiency of desalination was studied. The experimental results show that the technology used in their laboratory waste liquid electrodialysis desalination processing is feasible, the best temperature for desalination is 30℃.

  2. Study on Ammunition Warehouse Management Based on RFID%基于RFID技术的弹药仓库管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛东; 张国海; 胡国栋; 孙立贤


    射频识别(RFID)作为一种快速、实时、准确的信息采集与处理技术,为弹药仓库管理中信息的准确性、及时性提供了充分的保证.本文介绍了基于RFID技术的弹药仓储管理系统组成及其功能实现,为弹药仓库管理水平的提升奠定了基础,也为可视化管理信息系统的设计提供了一定借鉴.%Ammunition warehouse management has been rapidly converging with information system management. RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) is newly developing information technology for collecting and processing data that can ensure information accuracy and in real time.This article introduced the system construction and its function realization ammunition warehouse management system of RFID which established the foundation for the warehouse management and also offer some reference on the design of the visual management information system.

  3. Report of the Department of the Army Officer Education and Training Review Board (United States)


    technical services, and other senior officers on high level logistical commands and staffs. The Board finds that limited instruction in this area of logistica ...George F. Jones. Comdt US Army Transportation School Col t,. William Lyon, Comdt Col Vernon K..Johnson, Asilt Coridt Walter Reed Army Institute of...Army Security Agency School. 126 DRAFT .(17) U. S. Army Signal School. (18) U. S. Army Southeastern Signal School. (19) U. S. Army Transportation

  4. Interview with Susan Morrisey Livingstone, Assistant Secretary of the Army for Installations, Logistics and Environment (United States)


    US Army Corps of Engineers, Engineer Research and Development Center - The Army Environmental History Project Interview with Susan Morrisey...The Army Environmental History Project ERDC/CERL M-07-1 March 2007 Interview with Susan Morrisey Livingstone, Assistant Secretary of the Army for...Environmental Quality," Work Item 6HF9K5, "The Army Environmental History Project." The technical monitor was John J. Fittipaldi, Army Environmental

  5. How the Army Runs: A Senior Leader Reference Handbook, 2011-2012 (United States)


    242- Email Address 1 Introduction Dr Richard Meinhart 4797 Richard.Meinhart 2 Integration of the Army Organizational Life Cycle...Joint and Army Force Planning Dr Richard Meinhart 4797 Richard.Meinhart 5 Army Force Development Prof Ed Filiberti 3715 Edward.Filiberti 6 Planning...U.S. Army War College, Carlisle, PA 17013 How the Army Runs A Senior Leader Reference Handbook 2011–2012 Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB

  6. Porridge and peas: C. Stanton Hicks and Australian army rations. (United States)

    Collingham, Lizzie


    In 1942 Australian troops came back from fighting the Japanese in New Guinea exhausted and malnourished. The army rations of bully beef and biscuits were insufficiently rich in vitamins to sustain men in combat in tropical conditions. The nutritionist C. Stanton Hicks was one of a vast army of scientists who worked behind the scenes to maximize the war effort. He made it his mission to improve the army diet. He set up the Australian Army Catering Corps, invented combat ration packs and tried to introduce vitamin-rich foods into the soldiers' diet. Two of his more idiosyncratic innovations were wheat porridge and Tasmanian blue peas.

  7. Battling Bullying in the British Army 1987 – 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James K. Wither


    Full Text Available This article explores the attempts by the UK MOD to eradicate bullying in the British Army. Although British recruits are not confronted by mistreatment that compares with the phenomenon of dedovshchina, the Army has struggled to eliminate incidents of bullying from the ranks, which have tarnished the image of the British Army. The article examines the nature and extent of the problem, the efficacy of official policy to combat it, and suggests reasons why bullying persists even in a long- standing professional army. It also seeks to provide instructive insights for those militaries of the successor states of the Soviet Union that are currently blighted by dedovshchina.

  8. Army Air and Missile Defense Network Design Facility (AAMDNDF) (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — This facility provides JTIDS network designs and platform initialization load files for all Joint and Army-only tests, exercises, operations, and contingency events...

  9. Prepare the Army for War. A Historical Overview of the Army Training and Doctrine Command, 1973 - 1993 (United States)


    system conceived to replace the Hawk and Nike -Hercules, which was oue of the earlier-mentioned five key dev,;lopment programs, was designated the... Nike -Hercules. Designated the Patriot, the system achieved dramatic results against Iraqi Scud missiles during Operation Desert Storm. 11 (1) Army...4-11. Romjue, John L. The Army of Excellence: The Development of the 1980s Army. TRADOC Historical Monograph Series. Office of the Command Historia

  10. America’s Army: Our Families Give Us Strength. Fiscal Year 2010 United States Army Annual Financial Report (United States)


    States Army Annual Financial Report The Army GF recognizes excess, obsolete, and unserviceable OM&S at a net realizable value of $0 pending...been addressed, to include logistics interfaces. The Army WCF recognizes excess, obsolete, and unserviceable inventory at net realizable value of $0...27,818,640 $ (4,654,388) $ 23,164,252 Legend for Valuation Methods: LAC = Latest Acquisition Cost NRV = Net Realizable Value SP = Standard Price LCM

  11. Army Warfighter Information NetworkTactical Increment 2 Procurement Quantity Not Supported for Future Army Forces (REDACTED) (United States)


    Increment 2 to enter the production and deployment phase of the acquisition process. The Army awarded an indefinite delivery, indefinite quantity...contract in March 2010 for the production of WIN-T Increment 2 equipment. Table 1 shows the Army’s organizations and responsibilities for the WIN-T...estimate the necessary Army units beyond the approved Army structure memorandum to cover the WIN-T Increment 2 production and fielding period

  12. Evaluation Tests of Select Fuel Additives for Potential Use in U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Diesel Engines (United States)


    emissions, increase agency use of renewable energy , and reduce the use of fossil fuels . For USACE floating plant, one of the main strategies of the USACE...Warrendale, PA: SAE International. Southern Research Institute, Advanced Energy and Transportation Technologies Department. 2009. Diesel fuel ...Institute, Advanced Energy and Transportation Technologies Department. 2010. Diesel fuel additives as applied to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers lock

  13. 33 CFR Appendix B to Part 273 - Information Requirements for Aquatic Plant Control Program Reports (United States)


    ... Aquatic Plant Control Program Reports B Appendix B to Part 273 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AQUATIC PLANT CONTROL Pt. 273, App. B Appendix B to Part 273—Information Requirements for Aquatic Plant Control Program Reports 1. Location and...

  14. 33 CFR Appendix A to Part 273 - Aquatic Plant Control Program Legislative Authority (United States)


    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Aquatic Plant Control Program... OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AQUATIC PLANT CONTROL Pt. 273, App. A Appendix A to Part 273—Aquatic Plant Control Program Legislative Authority Section 104 of the Rivers and Harbors Act, approved...

  15. The 1984 ARI (Army Research Institute) Survey of Army Recruits: Codebook for October 84/February 85 Active Army Survey Respondents (United States)



  16. Commentary on "The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS)": Army STARRS: a Framingham-like study of psychological health risk factors in soldiers. (United States)

    Ressler, Kerry J; Schoomaker, Eric B


    Although historically the Army suicide rate has been significantly lower than the civilian rate, in 2004, the suicide and accidental death rates began trending upward. By 2008, the Army suicide rate had risen above the national average (20.2 per 100,000). In 2009, 160 active duty Soldiers took their lives, making suicide the third leading cause of death among the Army population. If accidental death, frequently the result of high-risk behavior, is included, then more Soldiers died by their own actions than in combat in 2009. The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) was thus created in 2009 to begin to address these problems. The Army STARRS project is a large consortium of seven different studies to develop data-driven methods for mitigating or preventing suicide behaviors and improving the overall mental health and behavioral functioning of Army Soldiers during and after their Army service. The first research articles from the Army STARRS project were published in late 2013 and early 2014. This work has already begun to outline important facets of risk in the military, and it is helping to drive an empirically derived approach to improvements in understanding mental disorders and risk behavior and to improve prevention and support of mental health and resilience. The Framingham Heart Study, started in the 1940s, marked a watershed event in utilizing large cross-sectional and prospective longitudinal collaborative research to identify and understand risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The Army STARRS project, through its collaborative, prospective, and robust innovative design and implementation, may provide the beginning of a similar scientific cohort in mental disorders. The work of this project will help understand biological and psychological aspects of military service, including those leading to suicide. When coupled with timely feedback to Army leadership, it permits near real-time steps to diagnose, mitigate, and

  17. Atomic Army: The Roles of the U.S. Army in America’s Nuclear Endeavors (United States)


    promotion despite her credentials and level of responsibility, directed one of the Los Alamos chemistry laboratories.137 Second Lieutenant Myrtle...General Staff College, “The Army is burning its military textbooks to clear away the old and make way for the new.”355 Even Midgley acknowledged, “the

  18. A quantification of the physiological demands of the army emergency responder in the Australian army. (United States)

    Tofari, Paul J; Laing Treloar, Alison K; Silk, Aaron J


    The Australian Defence Force is reviewing the physical demands of all employment categories in the Australian Army to establish valid and legally defensible assessments. The current assessments, performed in physical training attire, are not specific to job demands. Moreover, the fitness standards decrease based on age and are lower for females, and as job requirements are constant, these assessments are counterintuitive. With regard to the Army Emergency Responder employment category, tasks of physical demand in the present study were selected through consultation with subject-matter experts. Participants consisted of 10 qualified Army Emergency Responder soldiers and three noncareer firefighters under instruction. Real-life firefighting scenarios were witnessed by researchers and helped form task simulations allowing measurement of heart rate and oxygen consumption. Peak oxygen consumption ranged from 21.8 ± 3.8 to 40.0 ± 3.4 mL kg(-1) min(-1) during cutting activities and a search and rescue task, respectively, representing values similar to or higher than the current entry standards. Manual handling tasks were also assessed, with the heaviest measured being two soldiers lifting a 37.7-kg Utility Trunk to 150 cm. The findings provide a quantitative assessment of the physiological demands of Army Emergency Responders, and highlight the need for change in current fitness assessments.

  19. Army Posture Statement: A Statement on the Posture of the United States Army 2011 (United States)


    decentralized, adaptive, creative and deadly enemy. The Army’s generating force, which prepares, trains, educates and supports Army forces worldwide, is also...Life Consultant MOUT Military Operations in Urban Terrain MRAP Mine-Resistant, Ambush- Protected MRE Mission Readiness Exercise MRT Master Resiliency

  20. The Rift between the Army National Guard and the Active Army (United States)


    Behavioral and Social Sciences, December 1988), 48. 16 Ibid., 59. 17 Bettina A. Babbitt , Essex Corporation and Charles 0. Nystrom, U.S. Army Research...Sciences, June 1989) 209. 40 BIBLIOGRAPHY Babbitt , Bettina A., and Nystrom, Charles 0., Questionnaire Construction Manual, Research Product 89-20

  1. Rear Area Security In The Field Army Service Area. (United States)


    his ma.jor subordinate Commanders, the arm support brigade commander. Rear are? ecurity doctrine requires the area coriander to coordin- ate unit...field army service area. Response The army support brigade coriander conducts phase I rear area security operations within the limits of current

  2. USACE Environmental Support to the Army and the Nation (United States)


    Environmental Workload $1.9B Obligations (M) Army IRP/MMRP $164 Army EQ $189 AF IRP/MMRP $208 AF EQ $103 Superfund $312 FUSRAP $152 FUDS $457 BRAC ER...Federal Agencies •Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program ( FUSRAP ) •Defense State Memorandum of Agreement (DSMOA) 5 BUILDING

  3. Army Logistician. Volume 39, Issue 2, March-April 2007 (United States)


    With over 90 fixed interrogators at key nodes throughout Iraq and the availability of the upgraded Standard Army Retail Sup- ply System (SARSS) at...not change or supersede official Army publications. The masculine pronoun may refer to either gender. Reprints: Articles may be reprinted with

  4. Army Sustainment. Volume 42, Issue 6, November-December 2010 (United States)


    Joseph L. Bass Commanding General Army Expeditionary Contracting Command Major General James K. Gilman Commanding General Army Medical Research and...administration, optical fabrication, laboratory services, preventive medicine, dentistry , medical operations and planning, evacuation, and practical nursing...advantage of a lot of lessons learned from previous deployments,” said Brigadier General Joseph L. Bass, commanding general of the ECC. “We

  5. Closing the Candor Chasm: The Missing Element of Army Professionalism (United States)


    BIBLIOGRAPHY Baldor, Lolita C. “Army Chief Sees Greater Role for Guard and Reserves.” Norfolk Virginian-Pilot. January 27, 2012. hampton- 41. Lolita C. Baldor, “Army Chief Sees Greater Role for Guard and Reserves,” Norfolk Virginian-Pilot, January 27, 2012; Budget Control Act of

  6. U. S. Army Directory of Technical Information Holdings and Services. (United States)

    Vincent, Dale L.

    The directory identifies 111 Army sources of technical information that include 2200 specialized subject areas. The sources are indexed by subject matter, and name of holding, so that a searcher can find a description of all available indexed Army information services, with details on scope and size of collections, services available, and means of…

  7. 77 FR 21977 - Army Science Board Summer Study Meeting (United States)


    .... Purpose: Hear the preliminary findings of the Strategic Directions for Army Science and Technology and vote on adoption. Proposed Agenda: Open Session, the ASB will hear preliminary findings of the Strategic Directions for Army Science & Technology study and vote on adoption. FOR FURTHER...

  8. Soldier Education in the British Army, 1920-2007 (United States)

    Beach, Jim


    This article surveys the history of compulsory education for soldiers' career advancement in the British army. It begins with an examination of the organizational context before analyzing the rationale, syllabus, teaching and assessment of soldier education. It concludes that for members of the army education organization their self-perception as…

  9. Rapid Acquisition of Army Command and Control Systems (United States)


    requirements documents, and sustainment structures of existing programs to choreograph rapid initiation of a concept and ensure its fielding and...manner of choreographing the transition to the Army from DARPA. The establishment of CDRT in 2004 indicated that senior leaders in the Army were aware of

  10. An Army in Transition: Maintaining the Competitive Edge (United States)


    leaders attempt to create a culture that promotes trust and the innovation sought after by the 21st Century Army. Hofstede defined the dimension of...SUBJECT TERMS Innovation, Adaptability, Creativity, Agile, Culture , Trust 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT UNLIMITED...Adaptability, Creativity, Agile, Culture , Trust CLASSIFICATION: Unclassified The United States Army still remains the most powerful land

  11. Soldier Capability - Army Combat Effectiveness (SCACE). Volume 2. Selected Bibliography (United States)


    Ground, MD: US Army Human Engineering Laboratories, 1964. 228. Highsmith , Raymond Carl. Proposed Measures of Effectiveness for Human Resource Availability...A079Z33. Washington: US Army Personnel Research Office, April 1964. 564. Thomas, Patricia J., and Thomas E. D. School Validation of theBasic Test Battery

  12. Korean War Logistics Eighth United States Army (United States)


    from defensive to offensive, as CINCUNC directed it to attack north to Pyongyang, capital city of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (OPRK), North...weapons to kill the tanks. General Eberle, G-4, FEC, described the urgent need for Bazookas in Korea . ... the Russians provided the North Koreans with T...8217,- ’S~ I6 0 iI. RONIOJ3A2DS PO.;S KOREA APR t gN -I S * ~z T- -:*J *1* Porto3~, r -. r 4< ,Ž . BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Appleman, Roy E. US Army in the Korean War

  13. Army Transformation: Navigating into the Blue Ocean (United States)


    posed by the Domino Theory.7 Since 2004, the MA is embarking on a transformation program known as the ‘Army 2 10 plus 10’. General Tan Sri Dato ’ Sri... based political parties, lost its two-third majority in the federal parliament for the first time in history and was ousted as the ruling party in four...within the military or civilian community they are based , at a larger and more significant scale. The MA may consider allowing organizational

  14. A Pilotless Army in the Megalopolis (United States)


    they will be holding 74 David B. Glade , “Unmanned Aerial Vehicles – Implications for Military Operations,” Occasional Paper No. 16 (Maxwell A.F.B...ComancheProjectGrounded.htm, accessed 26 February 2004. 89 David B. Glade , “Unmanned Aerial Vehicles – Implications for Military Operations,” 1. 29 away from equipment, parts or personnel to maintain their functionality. According to US Army MAJ John V. McCoy, graduate of the US Army’s Logistics




    In the IIIrd century BC king of Epirus Pyrrhus has used Indian elephants in his army. These animals have been brought to his forces from Ptolemy Thunderbolt. These beasts came to Europe with Seleucus Nicator and took part in many battles between the Diadochi in Asia. Pyrrhus has used them in Italian campanign and he was the first who had brought these animals to Italy. They became the first elephants which terrified Romans and were the first elephants which have been defeated by them. This wa...

  16. Army Leadership. Competent, Confident, and Agile (United States)


    in desert camouflage patterns. While some peacetime fieldings may take 18 to 24 months to complete, the two logistic leaders set an ambitious goal...London: Octopus Books, 1974), 98- 111. Department of Veterans Affairs: casualty numbers. 4-4 4-10 “There is a great deal…”: George S. Patton, Jr., War...KS: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College Press, 1997. Taylor, A. J. P. and S. L. Mayer. History of World War II. London: Octopus Books, 1974

  17. An Ammunition Dump? (United States)

    Lewis, Anne C.


    When educators open their "Fibber McGee's closets" of past reforms, a pile of silver bullets will spill out onto the floor. For at least the past 20 years, the sense of public confidence in public education has been fed by an arsenal of such quick, often creative, but largely unsubstantiated remedies for turning schools and kids around.…

  18. The Women's Army Auxiliary Corps: A Compromise to Overcome the Conflict of Women Serving in the Army (United States)

    Permeswaran, Yashila


    Though people now take the idea of women in the military for granted, in the 1940s it was a vigorously debated suggestion. Men protected their country; women stayed at home. Because of the conflict over whether women should serve in the army, Congress compromised by creating the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC). This article describes the…

  19. How to Maintain an Operational Reserve? Further Engaging Army Reserve Component Forces in the Coming Decade (United States)


    with mobilizing Reserve Component units for overseas missions. This flexibility will allow the Army to meet ongoing mission requirements , while... reserve will impose an increased cost on the Army. First (and most obviously), the Army will have to fund the additional pay and allowances required ...AIR WAR COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY HOW TO MAINTAIN AN OPERATIONAL RESERVE ? FURTHER ENGAGING ARMY RESERVE COMPONENT FORCES IN

  20. Army’s Management of Gray Eagle Spare Parts Needs Improvement (REDACTED) (United States)


    for Acquisition and Systems Management , Assistant Secretary of the Army (Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology ), responding for the Project Manager ...Secretary of the Army (Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology ), responding for the Project Manager , Unmanned Aircraft System, and comments from the Deputy... Management Comments Assistant Secretary of the Army (Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology )______________ 40 Army Materiel Command

  1. 32 CFR 634.12 - Army administrative actions against intoxicated drivers. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Army administrative actions against intoxicated drivers. 634.12 Section 634.12 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY... § 634.12 Army administrative actions against intoxicated drivers. Army commanders will take...

  2. [Medical research in the US Armed Forces (Report 3). The US Army]. (United States)

    Agapitov, A A; Aleĭnikov, S I; Bolekhan, V I; Ivchenko, I V; Krassiĭ, A B; Nagibovich, O A; Petrov, S V; Rezvantsev, M V; Soldatov, E A; Shalakhin, R A; Sheppli, E V


    The US Army. The present article is the third part of the review dedicated to organization and management of medical research in the US Armed Forces. The first and the second parts have been published in the previous issuses of the journal. Specifically this article is dedicated to organization and management of medical research in the US Army. It is shown that in the US Army the medical and biological research is conducted and coordinated by the special US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command. The following units are successively presented: US Army Institute of Surgical Research, US Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, US Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory, Armed Forces Institute of Regenerative Medicine. The particular research programs conducting in the above mentioned institutions are presented.

  3. System Theory Based Gun Ammunition Consumption P rediction Correction Method%基于系统理论方法的炮兵弹药消耗量预测修正方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈俊; 朱江; 闻传花; 周昊


    决策人员长期受到“弹药迷雾”的困扰,针对弹药保障中需求预计涉及多因素、彼此交错的复杂系统问题,基于系统理论,提出了一种融合解释结构模型( ISM)和系统动力学( SD)的弹药消耗预测修正方法。在联合作战背景下对炮兵群弹药消耗问题进行研究,使用解释结构模型研究弹药系统,对弹药保障需求影响因素的相互关系进行了科学的分析和评价,分析了影响弹药保障需求的因素,进而运用系统动力学研究可控制条件下的预测问题。从实验数据分析兵力比对弹药消耗的影响规律,得到有用的结论,并结合战例检验,证明了方法有效,修正了基于任务量公式计算方法的不足,提高了预测的精度。%Ammunition support demand prediction is a complex problem which involved all kinds of intertwined factors. Based on system theory and its derived methods such as ISM(Interpretative Structure Method), SD(System Dynamic), a gun-ammunition-consumption-prediction-correction-method is proposed in this paper. Under the circumstance for predicting the undermanned ammunition consumption of joint war, the ammunition system is analyzed by ISM for constructing the struc-ture of the factors and its relations which affects ammunition support demand systematically. and then by SD,prediction prob-lem under controllability condition is discussed. After analyzing experiment data, some useful conclusion can be got. As a conclusion, this method is validated by a history example, and the results shows the accuracy of prediction will be enhanced by this method, disadvantage of the Task Quantum method will be solved either. It is a new way of thinking about ammunition prediction.

  4. Designing and implementing the Army Nursing Leader Academy. (United States)

    Dunemn, Kathleen; Hopkins-Chadwick, Denise L; Connally, Tina; Bramley, Kelly


    In 2008, the Chief of the Army Nurse Corps directed a thorough review of existing training programs available to and provided for Army Nursing personnel for the development of full-spectrum leaders for Army Nursing. The review provided the gap analysis necessary to restructure courses provided by the Department of Nursing Science at the Army Medical Department Center and School. This new grouping of courses is referred to as the Army Nursing Leader Academy. The Army Nursing Leader Academy is the first of its kind in that it addresses career-long learning of all Army Nursing by focusing on building skills, knowledge, and behaviors to produce sustainable, full-spectrum leaders. The Nursing Leader Academy consists of a series of sequential nurse leader development courses combined with a web based resource center. Grounded in the Patient CaringTouch System, guided by nurse competencies, and gauged by the Leader Capabilities Map, the Nursing Leader Academy provides learning that is relevant and timely designed to reinforce enterprise values and culture to ensure readiness for successive roles and positions. Full implementation of the Nursing Leader Academy will include the evidence-based elements of formal schooling, coaching, self-development, functional/technical (competency attainment), and professional experiences.

  5. How The Army Runs. A Senior Leader Reference Handbook 2009-2010 (United States)


    ARMY WAR COLLEGE FACULTY EDITORS Chapter Title Editor Phone No. Email 717-245- DSN 242- Introduction Dr. Richard Meinhart 4797...Edward.Filiberti as an Organization 4 The Relationship of Joint Dr. Richard Meinhart 4797 Richard.Meinhart and Army Force Planning 5 Almy Force Development Prof Ed...U.S. Army War College, Carlisle, PA 17013 How the Army Runs A Senior Leader Reference Handbook 2009–2010 Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB

  6. The Army rolls through Indianapolis: Fieldwork at the Virtual Army Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robertson Allen


    Full Text Available This essay takes an ethnographic look at the individuals and institutions associated with the development, production, and implementation of the Virtual Army Experience (VAE, a mobile mission simulator that travels across the United States to venues such as state fairs and air shows. As an explicit aid to Army recruitment and interaction with the public, the VAE is an interesting nexus point that often channels public anxieties surrounding the medium of the video game and its role in the militarization of society. Here, I present my own experience of doing ethnography at this site, describing how it is received by visitors and interpreted by its employees. By means of the example of the VAE, I argue that polarizing media reports and academic criticisms that pit the processes of militarization against critical reflection of those processes are counterproductive and result in silencing more nuanced and thoughtful critical reflection that is already present at sites such as the VAE.

  7. Enlisting Lean Six Sigma in the Army Acquisition Process (United States)


    One of the strategic objectives of this overarching strategy is to “support Army-wide LSS [Lean Six Sigma ] and business transformation and focus sults of financial management LSS projects Army-wide.” • • • • • • I M P R O V I N G P R O C E S S E S Enlisting Lean Six Sigma in the Army...Lean Six Sigma process. The LSS process has its own methodology that can be applied to any manufacturing, transactional, or service process to reduce

  8. Can Access to Data Prevent Army Suicides Identifying Optimal Response Strategies for Army Leaders (United States)


    Providers Collaboration between leaders and behavioral health providers is essential to preventing suicide . Some panelists emphatically stressed that...adolescents, service members and veterans, and minority populations. He has a specific interest in the epidemiology of suicide and its prevention...SUMMARY ■ Among the many efforts under way to prevent suicide in the U.S. Army is a program to develop an information system that would provide

  9. Improving Army Basic Research: Report of an Expert Panel on the Future of Army Laboratories (United States)


    Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2004. During the early 1990’s her studies with Dr. Richard Axel led to the discovery of a large gene family...dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates. 2004 Medicine : Linda Buck—odorant receptors...Research: An Uncertain Future for the Bell Legacy,” Prometheus , Vol. 21, No. 2, June 2003. Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for

  10. Evaluation of Support Provided to Mobilized Army National Guard and U.S. Army Reserve Units (United States)


    with family members. CENTCOM and the Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command have significantly improved access to communications with family as the...contract with Bahrain Maritime and Mercantile International, beginning in August 2002 through December 2003.10 Seven Seas Shiphandlers became the...Switching Network (DSN) • MWR phone banks through the Army and Air Force Exchange System (AAFES) • Internet cafes (provided by the Navy Space and Naval

  11. Occupational differences in US Army suicide rates (United States)

    Kessler, R. C.; Stein, M. B.; Bliese, P. D.; Bromet, E. J.; Chiu, W. T.; Cox, K. L.; Colpe, L. J.; Fullerton, C. S.; Gilman, S. E.; Gruber, M. J.; Heeringa, S. G.; Lewandowski-Romps, L.; Millikan-Bell, A.; Naifeh, J. A.; Nock, M. K.; Petukhova, M. V.; Rosellini, A. J.; Sampson, N. A.; Schoenbaum, M.; Zaslavsky, A. M.; Ursano, R. J.


    Background Civilian suicide rates vary by occupation in ways related to occupational stress exposure. Comparable military research finds suicide rates elevated in combat arms occupations. However, no research has evaluated variation in this pattern by deployment history, the indicator of occupation stress widely considered responsible for the recent rise in the military suicide rate. Method The joint associations of Army occupation and deployment history in predicting suicides were analysed in an administrative dataset for the 729 337 male enlisted Regular Army soldiers in the US Army between 2004 and 2009. Results There were 496 suicides over the study period (22.4/100 000 person-years). Only two occupational categories, both in combat arms, had significantly elevated suicide rates: infantrymen (37.2/100 000 person-years) and combat engineers (38.2/100 000 person-years). However, the suicide rates in these two categories were significantly lower when currently deployed (30.6/100 000 person-years) than never deployed or previously deployed (41.2–39.1/100 000 person-years), whereas the suicide rate of other soldiers was significantly higher when currently deployed and previously deployed (20.2–22.4/100 000 person-years) than never deployed (14.5/100 000 person-years), resulting in the adjusted suicide rate of infantrymen and combat engineers being most elevated when never deployed [odds ratio (OR) 2.9, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.1–4.1], less so when previously deployed (OR 1.6, 95% CI 1.1–2.1), and not at all when currently deployed (OR 1.2, 95% CI 0.8–1.8). Adjustment for a differential ‘healthy warrior effect’ cannot explain this variation in the relative suicide rates of never-deployed infantrymen and combat engineers by deployment status. Conclusions Efforts are needed to elucidate the causal mechanisms underlying this interaction to guide preventive interventions for soldiers at high suicide risk. PMID:26190760

  12. 33 CFR Appendix C to Part 273 - Information Requirements for Aquatic Plant Control Program Environmental Impact Statements (United States)


    ... Aquatic Plant Control Program Environmental Impact Statements C Appendix C to Part 273 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AQUATIC PLANT CONTROL Pt. 273, App. C Appendix C to Part 273—Information Requirements for Aquatic Plant Control...

  13. OSUS sensor integration in Army experiments (United States)

    Ganger, Robert; Nowicki, Mark; Kovach, Jesse; Gregory, Timothy; Liss, Brian


    Live sensor data was obtained from an Open Standard for Unattended Sensors (OSUS, formerly Terra Harvest)- based system provided by the Army Research Lab (ARL) and fed into the Communications-Electronics Research, Development and Engineering Center (CERDEC) sponsored Actionable Intelligence Technology Enabled Capabilities Demonstration (AI-TECD) Micro Cloud during the E15 demonstration event that took place at Fort Dix, New Jersey during July 2015. This data was an enabler for other technologies, such as Sensor Assignment to Mission (SAM), Sensor Data Server (SDS), and the AI-TECD Sensor Dashboard, providing rich sensor data (including images) for use by the Company Intel Support Team (CoIST) analyst. This paper describes how the OSUS data was integrated and used in the E15 event to support CoIST operations.

  14. Developing Strategic Thinking Leaders in the U.S. Army (United States)


    Michael J. Colarusso , Accessing Talent: The Foundation of a U.S. Army Officer Corps Strategy (Carlisle Barracks, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, February 2010), 36. 24 44 Gerras, Strategic Leadership Primer, 29.

  15. Social Media Misuse in the United States Army (United States)


    Army leaders should consider how to best leverage these social networks while minimizing their negative ...8 Understanding Social Networks ..................................................................................... 9 Social Networking by...the Numbers ................................................................................ 9 Social Networking and the Generational Gap

  16. 78 FR 60864 - Army Science Board Fall Plenary Meeting (United States)


    ... Science Board members to review and deliberate on the FY14 Army Science Board study reports. Agenda: The board will convene to present the results of the Fiscal Year 2013 study titled, ``Creating an...

  17. US Army Corps of Engineers Reachback Operations Center (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Providing Relevant Solutions to the Armed Forces and the NationThe USACE Reachback Operation Center at the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC)...

  18. US Army Corps of Engineers Reachback Operations Center (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Providing Relevant Solutions to the Armed Forces and the Nation The USACE Reachback Operation Center at the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC)...

  19. Analysis about Rifling Grooves of Small-caliber Ammunition on the Flow Field%膛线沟槽对小口径弹体流场的影响分析∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵缧; 董富强


    早期弹体滚转力矩和马格努斯效应数值计算中多采用简化弹体模型,没有考虑膛线沟槽的影响。但对小口径弹体而言,分析亚音速条件下膛线沟槽的影响对弹道计算至关重要。文中采用Fluent[1]软件对不同攻角和不同滚转速度的流场进行计算,对比光滑弹体和带沟槽弹体的流场差异,得到膛线沟槽对流场的影响规律。分析发现膛线沟槽使得滚转力矩和马格努斯力矩减小。结论认为弹体上的膛线沟槽影响较大,需要在实际工程计算中给予考虑。%In previous studies, rifling grooves generally ignored in simplified model of ammunition when calculating Magnus effect and roll-ing moment of ammunition. However, due to high requirement trajectory of small caliber ammunition, effect of rifling grooves should be studied. With the help of Fluent software, the effect of rifling groove on flow field over small caliber ammunition by comparing CFD results of smooth bullet and rifling grooves bullet. Flow fields for three different angles of attack and three different rolling rates were studied. Re-sults show that the rolling moment and Magnus moment of the bullet smaller if the effect of rifling grooves considered. So the effect of rifling grooves should be considered in practical engineering calculation.

  20. The Assess Efficiency Model for Shrapnel Cluster Ammunition to Fire Gather Aims%多用途子母弹对集群目标毁伤效率评估模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沙兆军; 刘富书; 钱林方


    多用途子母弹是多功能火炮配备的一种集地面打击和防空袭于一体的新型弹药,为充分发挥该弹药的战技性能,并合理地研究其作战使用.在假定单个目标均匀分布的基础上,运用离散的方法研究并建立了单发多用途子母弹对集群目标射击的效率评定模型,在此基础上又建立了多发多用途子母弹对集群目标射击时的效率评定模型,并运用模型进行了计算分析,计算结果表明该模型计算过程简便、精度高、准确性较好.%The multi-function artillery is one of the most important directions of the artillery. The efficiency assess of the shrapnel cluster ammunition for the multi-function artillery is a important study appearance. In order to exert the tactics capability of the weapon and make use of the weapon logicall,the paper assume the single aim distribute equality and use the discrete method to establish the assess efficiency model for the single shrapnel cluster ammunition of the multi-function artillery to fire gather aims. On the basis of the assess efficiency model for the single shrapnel cluster ammunition of the multifunction artillery to fire gather aims, the paper establish the assess efficiency model for more multifunction artillerys launch the shrapnel cluster ammunition to fire gather aims, and then use the model to count and analyze the examples. The result indicates that the model is simplet and exact.

  1. Army Information Technology Enterprise Solutions-2 Services Contract (United States)


    Contracting personnel from the Army and other Federal agencies who are involved in information technology service acquisition decisions should read...IDIQ) contracts. The Inspector General (IG), DoD initiated the audit of the Army Information Technology Enterprise Solutions-2 Services (ITES-2S...contract because of the material impact this contract will have on the acquisition of information technology resources within DoD and the Federal Government

  2. Integration of New Technology in Army Libraries. Appendices (United States)


    Topographic Laboratories Scientific and Technical Information Center B-65 SFacilities Engineering Support Agency B-72 Mobility Bquipment Research and...requests received 222 B-14 -- : -.- t -o . . -I j INTEGRATION OF NEW TECHNOILOGY IN ARMY LIBRARIES: DATA COLLECTION LIBRARY: Ballistic Research...4 u.._9.C F , i -. t- ’’- • -- -- .•_ •-g• _ "dt LIBRARY: U.S. ARMY MOBILITY EQUIPMENT RESEARH AND DEVELOPMENT COMMAND (MERADCOM) COMMAND: DARCOM

  3. Army Model and Simulation Stewardship Report FY98 (United States)


    capability. 6. BENEFITS TO THE ARMY: This effort is a key component to the Virtual Sealift Emergency Deployment Readiness Exercise ( SEDRE ). With the...reduction in the numbers of SEDREs performed in a year, the Army deployment community needs alternative methods to train and prepare units for actual...deployments. The Virtual SEDRE will simulate and visualize the deployment activities that occur at specific installations and ports and supplement

  4. Army Sustainment. Volume 41, Issue 5, September-October 2009 (United States)


    redis - tribute it where it is needed. We’re changing how we develop new vehicles, so instead of enumerating a variety of specifications that say a...classified environment. Integrating SMS With Existing Army Databases SMS is a web-enabled database management system that is structured to meet the...organizational priorities and goals for balancing the Army. SMS can automate the input of all performance data directly from source databases . For

  5. Army Communicator. Volume 31, Number 2, Spring 2006 (United States)


    see Army Commu- nicator article titled HF Combat Net Radio Lesson Learned Again, by David M. Fiedler , Spring 2004). Integrating more communications...year- round,” said Drew. According to Fred Porzio, project leader for this effort with PM DCATS’ Product Manager, Defense Wide Transmission Systems, the...Army Communicator 49 singling out Fred Porzio, the project lead for PM DWTS; Greg Parks, who designed the system for prime contractor Eaton/Powerware

  6. Army Organizational Culture of Innovation: A Strategic Imperative for Transformation (United States)


    USAWC STRATEGY RESEARCH PROJECT AN ARMY ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE OF INNOVATION: A STRATEGIC IMPERATIVE FOR TRANSFORMATION by Lieutenant Colonel Martin... Organizational Culture of Innovation A Strategic Imperative for Transformation 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S...298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 ABSTRACT AUTHOR: Lieutenant Colonel Martin T. Carpenter TITLE: An Army Organizational Culture of

  7. Army Logistician. Volume 38, Issue 4, July-August 2006 (United States)


    information are demonstrated in this view of a BCS3 computer screen. It shows the locations of radio frequency tag interrogators at Wiesbaden Army...cifically the computer, printers, and interrogator . TC–AIMS problems also should be anticipated. The 16th CSG had hardware problems at every ISA, and...Department of Defense or any of its agencies, and do not change or supersede official Army publications. The masculine pronoun may refer to either

  8. Army Logistician. Volume 40, Issue 4, July-August 2008 (United States)


    allow users to track shipments, observe activity at a specific location or site, determine the operating status of RFID interrogators , and obtain RF... interrogate it. Onboard Sensors One might do well to study exactly what com- mercial, even consumer, products provide. OnStar offers a level of...Army publications. The masculine pronoun may refer to either gender. Reprints: Articles may be reprinted with credit to Army Logistician and the author

  9. Tactical UAV’s in the French Army (United States)


    DLRFCMP SDTI Maintien en service jusqu’à l’arrivée du MCMMContrat Fabrication CL 289 Contrat Retrofit drone Adaptation véhicules Maintien en...Tactical UAV’s in the French Army LtCol Pierre-Yves HENRY, Technical Service of the French Army, Program Officer for Battlefield Surveillance Report...suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington Headquarters Services , Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis

  10. Army AL&T, July-September 2008 (United States)


    Trading Co., discusses requirements with 4th Sustainment Brigade representatives MSG Barbara Perry, MAJ Emily Stoffel, and SGM John Russell. TSGT Jason...unit’s communications operations at Patrol Base Assassin, Iraq. (U.S. Army photo by SPC Emily J. Wilsoncroft.) ASC_0608_ALT_July-Sept2008cc.qxp 6/30/2008...English from Dickinson College. ARMY AL&T 47JULY - SEPTEMBER 2008 MAJ Gregg Rupkalvis, Military Proponency Officer for 51C, USAASC, conducted a

  11. Defense Logistics: Marine Corps and Army Reset Liability Estimates (United States)


    reset the item will likely equal the historical average spent to repair the item. 12Unit repair cost refers to the amount of funding to reset reset amounting to more than $700 million and that in the event of a crisis the Army would deploy units at a significantly lower readiness level.6...Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Budget. Finally, we interviewed officials from the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Office of Cost

  12. Army Net Zero Prove Out. Net Zero Waster Best Practices (United States)


    Colorado • Fort Bliss, Texas These sites served as test beds for the Army’s Net Zero Initiative, specifically, Net Zero Water , and the Army provided...have sustainability, energy efficiency, water conservation, recycling, pollution prevention, and green procurement programs in place that they can...ARMY NET ZERO PROVE OUT Final Net Zero Water Best Practices November 18, 2014 Distribution A Approved for public release

  13. The Importance of Morale in the Modern New Zealand Army (United States)


    became a tribe: Ngati Tumatauenga, the “Tribe of the War God,” an initiative that was aimed at embracing both the Maori culture and the warrior spirit...integration, and Maori culture integration. The Future Battlefield In an age of rapidly developing technological advancements, the battlefield of the future...gender integration of women into the combat trades is undertaken in the modern NZ Army. Maori Culture Integration In 1995, the NZ Army became a tribe

  14. Magnesium Nanocomposites: Current Status and Prospects for Army Applications (United States)


    reviewed the current state of Mg development for Army-related ground vehicle applications (56). Two Mg alloys—WE43 and Elektron 675—currently under...development through a cooperative agreement between the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and Magnesium Elektron , NA show great promise for a variety of...applications. WE43 has superior corrosion resistance to many early Mg alloys and is being considered for a variety of applications. Elektron 675 is

  15. Evolving Army Needs for Space-Based Support (United States)


    College is to produce graduates who are skilled critical thinkers and complex problem solvers. Concurrently, it is our duty to the U.S. Army to also...missile warning data—launch loca- tion, flight tracking, and predicted impact area—to operational communities writ large.42 For space force enhancement...of cyberspace theory writ large to better coordinate actions related to space, cyberspace, and the electro- magnetic spectrum. • The Army should

  16. Army Energy Initiatives Task Force Industry Summit (portfolio) (United States)


    financing to accelerate efficiency projects – Implement technologies to significantly reduce energy footprint in the field • Build Resilience through...for patrols and required for Soldier sustainment • Alternative energy capabilities & interoperability builds flexibility and resilience Soldiers of... netzero / • netzero / Energy Initiatives Task Force UNCLASSIFIED Assistant

  17. Army Materiel Requirements Documents: Qualitative Analysis of Efficiency and Effectiveness (United States)


    tough examination of the assumptions of our past and real ideas for change that solve issues,” said Paul Mann (personal communication, October 25...for Acquisition and Systems Management (U.S. Army) and Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology, Paul Mann / SES...Systems, and Michael Aldridge, J8 staff (Requirements Analyst, JUONS/ JEONS , Joint Capabilities Division). Interview questions used to collect data

  18. The United States Army Operating Concept, 2016-2028 (United States)


    retrograde operations. f. Theater armies may also include a medical command for deployment support that provides health services to Army and other...tenets of jus in bello ,120 discrimination (between combatants and noncombatants), and proportionality in the use of force,121 measured against the...Barracks, PA, 19. (Used with permission.) 119 Biddle, 9. 120 Jus in bello , translated as justice in war, are agreements defining limits on acceptable

  19. Lying to Ourselves: Dishonesty in the Army Profession (United States)


    an ethical decision to fade into just another way the Army does business . To make matters worse, technological advances and the cumulative media such as The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal , The Washington Post, New Yorker, CNN, NPR, PBS, and 60 Minutes. Dr. Wong is a...verify compliance, have become ethically numb. As a result, an officer’s signature and word have become tools to maneuver through the Army bureaucracy

  20. Army Social Media: Harnessing the Power of Networked Communications (United States)


    9/1/2011 Army Social Media : harnessing the power of networked communications Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public...4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Army Social Media : harnessing the power of networked communications 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM...the Chief of Public Affairs,Online and Social Media Division,1500 Pentagon,Washington,DC,20301 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9

  1. Grease versus Oil Lubrication of Wheel Bearings in Army Equipment. (United States)


    and David A. Brown 9. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME AND ADDRESS 10. PROGRAM ELEMENT, PROJECT, TASK Fuels and Lubricants Div, STRBE-VF; Materials, Fuels...I Commander-. M60 Tank Development US Army Troop Support Command US Army Tank-Automotive Command ATTN: DRSTS-M Bradely Fighting Vehicle Systems 4300...Mr. Layne) Program Planning, STRBE-HP Washington, DC 20362 Program Support, STRBE-HR Systems Analysis, STRBE-HA 2 Commander CIRCULATE David Taylor

  2. 箱装发射药储存时的安全性及能量分析%Analysis of the Safety and Energy Content of Ammunition Stored in Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜培学; 任泽霈; 江劲勇; 陈明华; 路桂娥


    采用大型通用计算程序PHOENICS(1.4版本)对箱装发射药中含有内部热源的非稳态导热与自然对流换热及辐射换热的耦合问题进行了数值求解。分析和比较了在直角坐标和贴体坐标下发射药内部靠近中心处的最高温度随时间的变化趋势,并对发射药的安全性及发射药所含有的能量进行了分析。%The conjugate heat transfer analysis of transient thermal conduction, natural convection and thermal radiation in a case with ammunition, which is a temperature dependent heat sources, was simulated numerically using PHOENICS (Version 1.4). The variation of the maximum temperature and the self-ignition hazard in the ammunition was analyzed using both body fitted coordinates and cartesian cordinates. The safety and energy content in the ammunition were analyzed for various storage conditions.

  3. Nostalgia in the Army (17th-19th Centuries). (United States)

    Battesti, Michèle


    People died from nostalgia in the army in the 17th-19th centuries. The term 'nostalgia', created by the doctor Johannes Hofer (1669-1752), from Mulhouse, came from the Germanic Heimweh, or 'homesickness'. It affected the young people enrolled in the army, such as Swiss mercenaries. Longing for their native land, they were consumed by an ongoing desire to return home. If it was impossible to do so, they sank into 'a sadness accompanied with insomnia, anorexia and other unpleasant symptoms' that could lead to death. Nostalgia became classified as a disease during the last quarter of the 18th century and ravaged the French army during the Revolution and the Napoleonic wars. However, as soon as the wars ended, it ceased to exist in the army (except the colonial army). It was removed from the nosology in the first half of the 19th century. Rapidly explained as an example of a misdiagnosis or a confusion between 'connection and cause', nostalgia needs to be assessed in regard to the medical debate between 'alienists' and 'organicists'. Creating much concern, nostalgia needs to be considered in the historical context of a society destabilized by modernity, with some individuals uprooted by the sudden transition from civil society to military life. It raises questions about the role that the army played in the creation of the French national union. Nostalgia may have also covered psychic traumatisms later designated as combat fatigue, war neurosis, or post-traumatic stress disorder.

  4. Identifying ethical issues of the Department of the Army civilian and Army Nurse Corps certified registered nurse anesthetists. (United States)

    Jenkins, Constance L; Elliott, Aaron R; Harris, Janet R


    The purposes of this study were to identify the ethical issues Department of the Army civilian and Army Nurse Corps certified registered nurse anesthetists (CRNAs) encountered in their anesthesia practice and how disturbed they were by these issues. This descriptive study used a secondary data analysis of a cross-sectional survey of Army Nurse Corps officers and Department of the Army civilian registered nurses (N = 5,293). The CRNA subset (n = 97) was obtained from questionnaires that indicated a primary practice setting as anesthesia. The most frequently occurring ethical issue identified was conflict in the nurse-physician relationship, whereas the most disturbing issue was working with incompetent/impaired colleagues. Unresolved ethical conflicts can negatively influence the nurses' morale, leading to avoidance of the issue and contributing to burnout. Identifying the ethical issues and disturbance level experienced by CRNAs should contribute to the development of an ethics education program that addresses issues encountered in CRNA practice.

  5. 77 FR 27210 - Publication of the Final National Wetland Plant List (United States)


    ... Conservation Service (NRCS), is announcing the availability of the final 2012 National Wetland Plant List (NWPL... wetland determinations under the Clean Water Act and the Wetland Conservation Provisions of the Food... Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers Publication of the Final National Wetland Plant List AGENCY:...

  6. The Center for the Army Profession and Ethic (CAPE) Annual Survey of the Army Profession (CASAP FY15) (United States)


    organization , or dedication to the Army as a profession. Essential elements of analysis include perceptions of: mutual trust ( internal ) – within the team...honorable service” (95%); accept risk in the performance of duty – demonstrate courage (98%); and to pursue lifelong learning and professional development...development and lifelong learning ; leading by example; mission and “Calling to Honorable Service;” shared Identity as Trusted Army Professionals; and to

  7. Sales Training for Army Recruiter Success: Sales Strategies and Skills Used by Excellent U. S. Army Recruiters (United States)


    Army recruiters. Neurolinguistic programming (NLP) was used as the protocol for modeling performance and acquiring information on the communication...kills -Linguistic pattern~ Sales cycle, Communica tion s trategies Mode-H.R-g. Sales skills, {:( ~Expert kn0\\vlc dge1 ’ Neurolinguist ic~ Sales...describe s a program of r esearch on the communicat ion st rate - gies a nd skills use d by excellen t Army r ecrui t e rs. Information to be used to

  8. The United States Army Criminal Investigation Command and Its Role in the Army’s War on Drugs (United States)


    of cases involving marihuana , narcotics, dangerous drugs, or other controlled substances. Drug suppression, as conducted by USACIDC, refers to law...of particular -- 40 percent of soiders In theyounger ago groups have used legal drugs, principally marthuana, at some concern to the Army’s leadership...younger age groups have used illegal drugs, orincipally marihuana , at sometime during their lives -- not necessarl-y since entering the Army. In

  9. DoD Program for Stability of Civilian Employment (United States)


    111-9 Fort Wayne , IN Defense Contract Administration Services Plant Representative Office, 386D 11-44 New Orleans, LA Defense Contract Administration...Investigative Service, Smyrna, GA 336A 11-17 Defense Investigative Service, Towson , MD 232D 1-42 Defense Investigative Service, Hanover, MD 232E 1-42...Beach, VA Charlottesville, VA 232D Defense Investigative Service 1-42 2153 Radford Army Ammunition 1-59 Towson , ND Plant, VA 232E Defense

  10. Shear Roll Mill Reactivation (United States)


    accommodate a trial run of inert single base pellet feed for use in a twin screw extruder. 15. SUBJECT TERMS INIT248, Advanced Propellant Technology...Bldg. 4909-5 – Shear Roll Mill Pilot Plant at the Radford Army Ammunition Plant (RFAAP) in order to produce pellet feed for a twin screw extruder used...propellant to simulate feed for a twin screw extruder. Preventive maintenance procedures were in progress in final preparation for running with

  11. 箱装发射药堆的温度变化规律及其安全性分析%Analysis of the temperature variation and the safety of ammunition stored in a stack of cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜培学; 任泽霈; 江劲勇; 陈明华; 路桂娥


    为研究箱装发射药堆中发射药的温度、发射药的安全性及其所含有的能量随时间的变化规律,采用求解原始变量的通用计算程序PHOENICS(1.4版本)并结合“虚拟密度法”,对具有多个离散内热源的非稳态导热与自然对流换热的耦合传热过程进行了数值模拟。结果表明,当散热通风条件比较好、环境温度和初始温度较低(≤50℃)时,在经历50年后发射药不会发生热自燃,发射药所含有的能量足够高;而当环境温度和初始温度比较高(如:120℃)时,发射药很快就会发生热自燃;在绝热边界条件下,即使在初始温度、环境温度及环境中空气的温度都较低的情况下,发射药也可能发生热自燃。%Abstract: The aim is to investigate the temperature variation,the self-ignition hazard and the energy content in the ammunition. The conjugate heat transfer analysis of the transient thermal conduction and the natural convection in a stack of cases with ammunition №1 or №2, which are modeled as temperature dependent heat sources, were simulated numerically using PHOENICS(Version 1.4) and the false density method. It was found that with reasonable heat transfer conditions at the boundary and relatively low initial and boundary temperatures(≤50 ℃), the ammunition did not self-ignite within the 50 years time period used for the analysis. If the initial and boundary temperatures were high (120 ℃), the ammunition will self-ignite within about 1 h. If the heat transfer conditions on the boundary were very bad, e.g., thermally isolated boundary conditions, the ammunition self-ignited at relatively low initial and boundary temperatures within the stipulated 50 years period.

  12. The 1985 Survey of Army Recruits: Codebook for Summer 85 Active Army Survey Respondents. Volume 1 (United States)


    D I 11982 11983 11984 I I RI Q015A3 I I Q01OA3 I I IYES* I ES+ I YESI I S I I I I I I I I _ I 4- 158 THE 1985 ARI SURVEY OF ARMY RECRUITS: CODEBOOK...CATEGORY 7220 100.0 I TOTALSI I I A I B I C I D I 11982 11983 11984 1 1N I 177 I I I I I I I RIQ158 I 177 1IfQ117 I1 IA IES I YESI N- ---SI S l I I I I

  13. The Influence of the United States Army on the Development of the Indonesian Army. (United States)


    Javanese Culture",in Claire Holt,eds.,Culture and Politics in Indonesia ,(Ithaca: Cornell University Press,1972). pp.1-69. The figure of the jago was very... Javanese Culture". in Claire Holt,ed. Culture and Politics in Indonesia . Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 1972. Anderson,David Charles. "The...8217~ a ~ ~%"P~j %~ N N N N N Nj’- N N V N N V N N ABSTRACT 4. Ir p The Indonesian Army (Tentara Nasional Indonesia ) is,and has long been,the focus of

  14. Those Army Engineers: A History of the Chicago District U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (United States)


    Napoleon Bonaparte , and Colonel Joseph B. Totten, who after 1838 served for 26 years as Chief Engineer of the United States Army. The engineer...1I1t Pr~/"cI luI ’ Impru"II’t-g Cc.uu-".,,.I!>( t- //"r/M, !II ~JJ~~ ) -::’ <~,:::s~-: r-s> ~ . .... , ... . "’ I...Shipments were confined almost entirely to grain while the receipts were almost solely iron ore, limestone and coal. o \\ 0 , .. S T A £ E T -. " lUI

  15. The 1985 ARI Survey of Army Recruits: Tabular Description of NPS Army Reserve Accessions. Volume 2 (United States)


    NUMBER SECTION 1: ENLISTMENT TOOl EXPECTED SATISFACTION WITH ARMY LIFE 004-005 T031 SERVICE OF FIRST CHOICE 006-007 T032 SERVICE OF SECOND CHOICE 008-009...05 Fort McClellan . . . ........... 06 Fort Ketno....... . . . 0 S. What Is your Social Security Numer? FotO tig...............0 6...What is your NOV? 7. Move you ever been a student at a college or Junior collage for at least one semester? So8-. S aae n what you know new, how

  16. Army-Navy Integration and the Pivot to the West: A New Joint Concept (United States)


    16 Similarly, John P. Kotter argues there are challenges within these intercultural ... communicates a vision of future force operations, expanding upon direction by the Secretary of Defense. One key idea within the CCJO is the concept of...vital sea line of communication for both the North and the South. This maritime highway carried war supplies, weapons, cannons, ammunition, cargo

  17. The use of depleted uranium ammunition under contemporary international law: is there a need for a treaty-based ban on DU weapons? (United States)

    Borrmann, Robin


    This article examines whether the use of Depleted Uranium (DU) munitions can be considered illegal under current public international law. The analysis covers the law of arms control and focuses in particular on international humanitarian law. The article argues that DU ammunition cannot be addressed adequately under existing treaty based weapon bans, such as the Chemical Weapons Convention, due to the fact that DU does not meet the criteria required to trigger the applicability of those treaties. Furthermore, it is argued that continuing uncertainties regarding the effects of DU munitions impedes a reliable review of the legality of their use under various principles of international law, including the prohibition on employing indiscriminate weapons; the prohibition on weapons that are intended, or may be expected, to cause widespread, long-term and severe damage to the natural environment; and the prohibition on causing unnecessary suffering or superfluous injury. All of these principles require complete knowledge of the effects of the weapon in question. Nevertheless, the author argues that the same uncertainty places restrictions on the use of DU under the precautionary principle. The paper concludes with an examination of whether or not there is a need for--and if so whether there is a possibility of achieving--a Convention that comprehensively outlaws the use, transfer and stockpiling of DU weapons, as proposed by some non-governmental organisations (NGOs).

  18. Design and Application of Explosion Vessel for Destruction of Waste Ammunition%废旧弹药销毁用爆炸罐设计及其应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗同杰; 王保玲; 宁灵生


    在对露天炸毁法处理废旧弹药研究的基础上,介绍了一种炸毁用的钢筋混凝土结构体及其各组成部分的结构和功能,详细介绍了其炸毁作业流程.使用结果表明,该爆炸罐设计合理,可以连续重复、有效抵御6kgTNT当量爆炸冲击波及破片的破坏作用,完成一个作业周期为17 min.同时还指出了爆炸罐的发展方向.%On basis of the study on disposing the waste ammunition by explosion in the open air, this paper introduces the structure and functions of a land of reinforced-concrete construction used for explosion and its relevant parts, and the detailed operating processes of the explosion. The conclusion of its application shows that the explosion vessel is design-reasonable , and can be continuously reused and be able to effectively resist the destructive action of the explosion shock and the fragments of 6 kg TNT equivalent, It takes 17 min to completed an operating cycle. At the same time, it also points out the development trend of the explosion vessels.

  19. Potential health risks to adults and children in the UK from exposure to dietary lead in gamebirds shot with lead ammunition. (United States)

    Green, R E; Pain, D J


    We estimate potential risks to human health in the UK from dietary exposure to lead from wild gamebirds killed by shooting. The main source of exposure to lead in Europe is now dietary. We used data on lead concentrations in UK gamebirds, from which gunshot had been removed following cooking to simulate human exposure to lead. We used UK food consumption and lead concentration data to evaluate the number of gamebird meals consumed weekly that would be expected, based upon published studies, to result in changes, over and above those resulting from exposure to lead in the base diet, in intelligence quotient (IQ), Systolic Blood Pressure and chronic kidney disease (CKD) considered in a recent opinion of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) to be significant at a population level and also in SAT test scores and in rates of spontaneous abortion. We found the consumption of <1 meal of game a week may be associated with a one point reduction in IQ in children and 1.2-6.5 gamebird meals per week may be associated with the other effects. These results should help to inform the development of appropriate responses to the risks from ingesting lead from ammunition in game in the UK and European Union (EU).

  20. US Army hangar, Fort Carson, Colorado, USA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hollick, J. [Solar Wall International Ltd., Downsview (Canada)


    The US Army's first solar-ventilated hangar is located at Fort Carson, Colorado. Fumes from the fuel tanks of up to 30 helicopters stored in the building are displaced with solar-warmed fresh air. A conventional gas-heated ventilation system had been specified, but a value engineering analysis done for the Corps of Engineers showed that a solar-heated ventilation system would be comparable in cost to what was specified, so the design was changed. The fans were installed with the original building in 1992, but the solar cladding system was installed later, in 1995. The panels had to be supplied later as a retrofit project because of scheduling concerns at the time of construction. The solar-transpired collectors cover 725 m{sup 2} of the south wall above the hangar doors and heat 107,000 m{sup 3}/h of ventilation air. Cost savings have been calculated at US $14,000 (ECU 12,600) a year based on energy savings of 974,000 kWh a year. (author)

  1. Army Materiel Requirements to Support the Continental United States Military Mobilization Base Structure (United States)


    Level of Organization AMC ............... Army Materiel Command AMOPS ............. Army Mobilization and Operations Planning System AMPC ...Military Personnel Center ( AMPC ) uses an automated mobilization manpower (MOB MAN) requirements data manipulator system to prepare time- phased

  2. Boundaries - US Army Corps of Engineers - Habitat Restoration and Enhancement Projects (HREPs) (United States)

    Army Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army, Department of Defense — Congress authorized the Environmental Management Program (EMP) in the 1986 Water Resources Development Act to help address ecological needs on the Upper Mississippi...

  3. The Future of Army Space Forces: A Vision to Optimize Tactical and Operational Space Support (United States)


    variety of satellite communications capabilities. 5. Expand Army Space Support Team Role in Headquarters Without Space Support Elements. The...Space capabilities, improving Space technical training, modifying FA40 manpower allocations, expanding Army Space Support Team roles in headquar




    A huge ammunition depot exploded in Trabzon on July 10, 1919. The effects of the explosion were seen even in Batumi, 100 miles distant. There were many weapons and ammunition left by the Russian army in the ammunition depot. The explosion of the ammunition depot was important because the opening date of the Erzurum Congress was scheduled to be the same day. On the other hand, British control officers in the city was preparing to hand over ammunition to the Volunteer Russian Army (White Army)....

  5. Competence is My Watchword: An Analysis of the Relationship between Competence and Character in the Army (United States)


    asserts that some individuals are able to avoid compliance with the new moral system and still manage to succeed within the organization.27 This is separated into two themes. First, that the Army does a poor job developing character, and second, that classroom training is 31 particularly...ineffective. Since the Army develops and implements the classroom training, these are combined into a single theme. 58 US Army, Army Doctrine

  6. How the Army Runs: A Senior Leader Reference Handbook. 2013-2014 (United States)


    Richard Meinhart 4797 richard.m.meinhart.civ 2 Army Organizational Life Cycle Prof. Ed Filiberti 3715 edward.j.filiberti.civ 3 Army Organizational...Structure Prof. Ed Filiberti 3715 edward.j.filiberti.civ 4 The Relationship of Joint and Army Planning Dr. Richard Meinhart 4797...Acquisition Management System - 2013 Army Force Management Model Command PLAN Commands ARNG, USAR AE2S TAEDP Structure and Composition System

  7. Safe Operation and Alignment of the Variable Pulse Width Laser at the US Army Research Laboratory (United States)


    ARL-TN-0736 ● FEB 2016 US Army Research Laboratory Safe Operation and Alignment of the Variable Pulse Width Laser at the US Army...Laboratory Safe Operation and Alignment of the Variable Pulse Width Laser at the US Army Research Laboratory by Jennifer L Gottfried...TITLE AND SUBTITLE Safe Operation and Alignment of the Variable -Pulse Width Laser at the US Army Research Laboratory 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b

  8. The Army’s Approach to Property Accountability: A Strategic Assessment (United States)


    States Army Dr. Richard M. Meinhart Project Adviser This SRP is submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the...The Army’s Approach to Property Accountability: A Strategic Assessment by Colonel Thomas Rivard United States Army ...United States Army War College Class of 2012 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT: A Approved for Public Release Distribution is Unlimited This

  9. Domestic and Expeditionary Readiness in the Twenty-First Century: Maintaining an Operationalized Army National Guard (United States)


    1974 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997), 5. 11 Marvin A. Kreidberg and Merton G. Henry, Department of the Army Pamphlet 20-212...Kreidberg, Marvin A. and Merton G. Henry, Department of the Army Pamphlet 20-212, History of Military Mobilization in the United States Army: 1775-1945

  10. Right Sizing the People’s Liberation Army: Exploring the Contours of China’s Military (United States)


    confront the United States. Li commanded a Group Army in Manchuria and was responsible 196 for the ground warfare experiment that validated combined...Brigade, Qiqihar, Heilongjiang 69th Motorized Infantry Division, Harbin , Heilongjiang 4th Armored Division, Meihekou, Jilin Artillery Brigade...Heilongjiang Heilongjiang Army Reserve Chemical Defense Regiment, Harbin 362 APPENDIX II BEIJING MILITARY REGION FORCES 27th Group Army, Shijiazhuang

  11. Boundaries - US Army Corps of Engineers - St. Paul District (MVP) Civil Works (United States)

    Army Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army, Department of Defense — The US Army Corps of Engineers - St. Paul District Civil Works boundary. Boundary is based on 1:24k watershed data and coordination with MVR to determine shared...

  12. 32 CFR 643.25 - Policy-Grants which may embarrass the Department of the Army. (United States)


    ... of the Army. 643.25 Section 643.25 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE Policy § 643.25 Policy—Grants which may embarrass the Department of the Army. The use of property under DA control will not be authorized for any purpose when...

  13. 32 CFR 516.14 - Service of process on DA or Secretary of Army. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Service of process on DA or Secretary of Army. 516.14 Section 516.14 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF... or Secretary of Army. The Chief, Litigation Division, shall accept service of process for...

  14. 76 FR 69293 - U.S. Army Installation Management Command; Notice of Issuance of Director's Decision (United States)


    ... COMMISSION U.S. Army Installation Management Command; Notice of Issuance of Director's Decision Notice is... the possession, by the U.S. Army, of depleted uranium (DU), a source material, in spent spotting...) license. The Petition requested that the NRC take enforcement action against the U.S. Army by...

  15. Comprehensive Soldier Fitness: A Vision for Psychological Resilience in the U.S. Army (United States)

    Casey, George W., Jr.


    The stress and strain on the U.S. Army's community due to nearly a decade of protracted war is well documented in the press and in scientific literature. In response, the Army's Comprehensive Soldier Fitness (CSF) program is a preventive program that seeks to enhance psychological resilience among all members of the Army community, which includes…

  16. 32 CFR 636.5 - Army administrative actions against intoxicated drivers. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Army administrative actions against intoxicated drivers. 636.5 Section 636.5 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY... INSTALLATIONS) Fort Stewart, Georgia § 636.5 Army administrative actions against intoxicated drivers. For...

  17. 32 CFR 644.415 - Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation. 644.415 Section 644.415 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY... Interests § 644.415 Army military and Air Force lands—$50,000 limitation. (a) 10 U.S.C. 2672 authorizes...

  18. 32 CFR 581.3 - Army Board for Correction of Military Records. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Army Board for Correction of Military Records. 581.3 Section 581.3 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY PERSONNEL PERSONNEL REVIEW BOARD § 581.3 Army Board for Correction of Military Records. (a)...

  19. Conserving the Future Force Fighting Strength: Findings from the Army Medical Department Transformation Workshops, 2002 (United States)


    TRADOC, AAN Overview Briefing: Army After Next-Knowledge, Speed and Power, Fort Monroe : U.S. Army TRADOC, 1999. 6 Conserving the Future Force Army if AMEDO hseof Pr Issue Not Resolved in Another Reovd Control mation Conditional Issue 1AN:, What doctrina mdchange mconsiderations of MOUn T

  20. Response bias, weighting adjustments, and design effects in the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS). (United States)

    Kessler, Ronald C; Heeringa, Steven G; Colpe, Lisa J; Fullerton, Carol S; Gebler, Nancy; Hwang, Irving; Naifeh, James A; Nock, Matthew K; Sampson, Nancy A; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M; Stein, Murray B; Ursano, Robert J


    The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) is a multi-component epidemiological and neurobiological study designed to generate actionable recommendations to reduce US Army suicides and increase knowledge about determinants of suicidality. Three Army STARRS component studies are large-scale surveys: one of new soldiers prior to beginning Basic Combat Training (BCT; n = 50,765 completed self-administered questionnaires); another of other soldiers exclusive of those in BCT (n = 35,372); and a third of three Brigade Combat Teams about to deploy to Afghanistan who are being followed multiple times after returning from deployment (n = 9421). Although the response rates in these surveys are quite good (72.0-90.8%), questions can be raised about sample biases in estimating prevalence of mental disorders and suicidality, the main outcomes of the surveys based on evidence that people in the general population with mental disorders are under-represented in community surveys. This paper presents the results of analyses designed to determine whether such bias exists in the Army STARRS surveys and, if so, to develop weights to correct for these biases. Data are also presented on sample inefficiencies introduced by weighting and sample clustering and on analyses of the trade-off between bias and efficiency in weight trimming.

  1. The Army Primary Health Care Service: from foundation to future. (United States)

    Burgess, J


    Following the British Government's implementation of policies to improve quality and introduce clinical governance into healthcare delivery in the late 1990s, the British Army commissioned a study into how primary healthcare for the Regular Army should best be delivered in UK. The study recommended a unitary command structure, with more central control based upon a model of a main headquarters and seven regions. The change has been largely successful and has been subject to external scrutiny. Areas still to be developed include improving information management and benchmarking standards against the NHS, improvements in practice management, plus developments in occupational health and the nursing cadres. The forthcoming Strategic Defence and Security Review and other ongoing studies are likely to have a profound influence on how the current Army Primary Health Care Service develops.

  2. Is the British Army medical grading functional assessment tool effective? (United States)

    Mackie, Isobel


    Decision Support Aids (DSAs) have been widely used throughout industry and one (known as Table 7) is available to support British Army Medical Officers (MOs) grade soldiers against the Joint Medical Employment Standards. It is unknown how useful this DSA is in practice. An electronic questionnaire was distributed to British Army MOs working within Defence Primary Care facilities enquiring about MOs views on the usefulness of the DSA. Although the response rate was low, informative data were obtained. Between a half and a third of respondents felt that their judgement was affected in the application of the grading system when there were career implications to the grading MOs felt that the DSA allowed subjectivity in the grading. The results of this research suggest that although minor changes to Table 7 may improve service provision, an improvement in training in the application of Table 7 would be of greater benefit to the quality of occupational health service provision in the British Army.

  3. Conceptual Design for the Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative (ARMI) (United States)

    Battaglin, W. A.; Langtimm, C. A.; Adams, M. J.; Gallant, A. L.; James, D. L.


    In 2000, the President of the United States (US) and Congress directed Department of Interior (DOI) agencies to develop a program for monitoring trends in amphibian populations on DOI lands and to conduct research into causes of declines. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) was given lead responsibility for planning and implementing the Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative (ARMI) in cooperation with the National Park Service (NPS), Fish and Wildlife Service, and Bureau of Land Management. The program objectives are to (1) establish a network for monitoring the status and distribution of amphibian species on DOI lands; (2) identify and monitor environmental conditions known to affect amphibian populations; (3) conduct research on causes of amphibian population change and malformations; and (4) provide information to resource managers, policy makers, and the public in support of amphibian conservation. The ARMI program will integrate research efforts of USGS, other Federal, and non-federal herpetologists, hydrologists, and geographers across the Nation. ARMI will conduct a small number (~20) of intensive research efforts (for example, studies linking amphibian population changes to hydrologic conditions) and a larger number (~50) of more generalized inventory and monitoring studies encompassing broader areas such as NPS units. ARMI will coordinate with and try to augment other amphibian inventory studies such as the National Amphibian Atlas and the North American Amphibian Monitoring Program. ARMI will develop and test protocols for the standardized collection of amphibian data and provide a centrally managed database designed to simplify data entry, retrieval, and analysis. ARMI pilot projects are underway at locations across the US.

  4. The US Army and the New National Security Strategy (United States)


    for Strategic Plans and Policy on the Joint Staff Maj. Gen. Charles F. "Chuck" Wald , USAF, presented a briefing in the Pentagon entitled "Operation...of a decade. But if you can change that 10 percent, you can, in fact, change the capability of the entire force" ( Wolfowitz , 2002). 288 The U.S. Army...Four Weapons Programs," Inside theArmy, October 14, 2002. Wolfowitz , Paul, Deputy Secretary of Defense, remarks delivered to the Ameri- can Institute of

  5. Parameters: US Army War College Quarterly. Volume 20. Number 4 (United States)


    South Vietnam; and siege-breaking at Dien Bien Phu and Khe Sanh. In all of these cases, CAS substituted for a lack of available artillery assets, and...service persona . But is it in the Army’s interest to take over CAS, much less all of tactical aviation? No. The Army cannot afford the force structure...of a Former Iron Curtain Official." 10 (September, 1980), 8-15. Radvanyi, Janos. "Dien Bien Phu: Tiirt ’ears After." 15 (Summer, 1985), 63-68. Raho

  6. Compact networked radars for Army unattended ground sensors (United States)

    Wikner, David A.; Viveiros, Edward A.; Wellman, Ronald; Clark, John; Kurtz, Jim; Pulskamp, Jeff; Proie, Robert; Ivanov, Tony; Polcawich, Ronald G.; Adler, Eric D.


    The Army Research Laboratory is in partnership with the University of Florida - Electronics Communications Laboratory to develop compact radar technology and demonstrate that it is scalable to a variety of ultra-lightweight platforms (<10 lbs.) to meet Army mission needs in persistent surveillance, unattended ground sensor (UGS), unmanned systems, and man-portable sensor applications. The advantage of this compact radar is its steerable beam technology and relatively long-range capability compared to other small, battery-powered radar concepts. This paper will review the ongoing development of the sensor and presents a sample of the collected data thus far.

  7. US Army Research Office research in progress, July 1, 1991--June 30, 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)


    The US Army Research Office, under the US Army Materiel Command (AMC), is responsible for coordinating and supporting research in the physical and engineering sciences, in materials science, geosciences, biology, and mathematics. This report describes research directly supported by the Army Research Projects Agency, and several AMC and other Army commands. A separate section is devoted to the research program at the US Army Research, Development and Standardization Group - United Kingdom. The present volume includes the research program in physics, chemistry, biological sciences, mathematics, engineering sciences, metallurgy and materials science, geosciences, electronics, and the European Research Program. It covers the 12-month period from 1 July 1991 through 30 June 1992.

  8. 埋头弹内弹道过程分段建模方法的研究%Study on Piecewise Model of Interior Ballistic Process of Cased Telescoped Ammunition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    In order to simplify the interior ballistic model of Cased Telescoped Ammunition (CTA) .divided the interior ballistic process into tow stages. Combined with the classical interior ballistic theory and the modern interior ballistic theory, a mathematical model composed of igniter squid zero dimension model and one dimension two-phase flow interior ballistic model of Cased Telescoped Ammunition simulated by using the two-phase flow method and computational fluid dynamics is established, and is confirmed with MATLAB software. Showed the distribution in space after the shell of ballistic parameters, a new model creation method of analyzing interior ballistic performance of cased telescoped ammunition is provided. Important theoretical guidance for revising and optimizing the CTA gun charge structure are provide.%为了简化埋头弹的内弹道模型,将埋头弹内弹道过程分为两个阶段.结合经典内弹道和高等内弹道理论,并应用两相流体力学模型和计算流体动力学技术,分别建立了埋头弹传火管零维模型和身管内一维两相流模型;并利用MATLAB软件进行了数值模拟.获得了内弹道参数在弹后空间的分布情况,为分析埋头弹内弹道性能提供了一种新的建模方法.为埋头弹装药结构的修正和优化提供了理论指导.

  9. Department of the Army Justification of Estimates for Fiscal Year 1979 Submitted to Congress January 1978. Research Development, Test and Evaluation, Army (United States)


    Development Administration - Pipe Line Gas; HYBLA Gold; DIABLO HAWK; Grout StudiesJl Borerffle Waste; A Fracturing; High Temperature IXist Energy...392012 AJWCC Improvement- Plan 208015 Project AVID GUARDIAN . Total O&M, Army 403 Total Army 2 462 Total Army Included in Other Ceiling 604...ELEMENT MITRE CORPORATIOH (Continued) , 8. Project AVID GUARDIAN - a. Project AVID GUARDIAN , established in 197A, has been conducting studies to

  10. Allies of a Kind: Canadian Army-US Army Relations and the Korean War, 1950-1953 (United States)


    be hard on the Koreans, whom they blamed for the war . Caught in a gang rape , four Patricias killed three and wounded four men of the victim’s family...Korean War , 1950-1953 Allan R. Millett COVER IMAGE. Brigadier J.M. Rockingham meets with US Gen- eral Matthew Ridgway. (Courtesy of Canadian Department of...National Defence.) ALLIES OF A KIND Canadian Army-US Army Relations and the Korean War , 1950-1953 Allan R. Millett Combat Studies Institute Press US

  11. Lesión por disparo con rebote atípico de proyectil 9 mm Luger KPO Atypical gunshot wound with 9 mm Luger KPO ammunition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.M. Garamendi


    Full Text Available Se presenta un caso atípico de herida de arma de fuego por un proyectil 9 mm Parabellum Luger KPO. El análisis de los datos balísticos permite estimar que el proyectil sufrió fragmentación y rebote sobre asfalto previos a la entrada en el organismo, penetrando los fragmentos del proyectil como un proyectil único en el cuerpo. El disparo del arma fue practicado a distancia de cañón tocante con la camiseta del lesionado. La bibliografía sobre el comportamiento de este tipo de proyectil en casos de disparos de rebote indica que esta circunstancia es posible, aunque extremadamente infrecuente. El uso de programas comerciales de diseño de imagen en 3D resulta muy útil para poder plasmar de una forma comprensible para los tribunales las conclusiones de estudios médico forenses en los que es necesario plantear hipótesis de escenarios de producción de ciertos hechos con condiciones espaciales y de posiciones relativas entre víctima y agresor diversas.We present a case report about an atypical gunshot wound with 9 mm Luger KPO ammunition. Ballistic reconstruction indicates that the bullet was fragmented and ricocheted from an asphalt surface and then hit the victim's body. The Gunshot was produced at a very short distance from the victim's shirt. Bibliographic data suggest that this a possible but extremely unusual circumstance. Animated three dimensional models make it easy to explain atypical spatial surroundings and positions of people implicated in a gunshot wound. Infographic commercial programs let us recreate these models.

  12. Manufacturing Methods and Technology Program Plan, CY 1984. (United States)


    n * 00 z SP0 .4 w SJZ 0 2 4 2 zS 0 0J 5 .. ja :) z 4SI -l - A.- 4 - 3.. - t CL P- 3 =z .j ZOO n c U 2 cca CL .9M %1 0 ac-j.. ac28 ul 4 ; -4 01 -u3...leI -4 wu 4mg 4U 0 w. =in a- LLD0 11 mu a1 0 a.. a- Ka" 0 w a w w mu-UaK K 3 . $-. KPg a- A..a a- -. j .2 A05 ; anIM cca m 0 .%. 70 z Lita- x0 x 0 vi...Kansas Army Ammunition Plant, ATTN: SMCKA-CO, Parsons, KS 67357-9107 Lake City Army Ammunition Plant, ATTN: SMCLC-CO, Independence, MO 64051-0330 Lone Star

  13. Recovery of radiation sources after the explosion of ammunition military facility of the city of Rio Tercero (Cordoba, Argentina); Recuperacion de fuentes radioactivas luego de la explosion de la fabrica militar de municiones de la Ciudad de Rio Tercero (Cordoba, Argentina)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Puntarulo, Luis J.; D' Apice, Americo A. [Superintendencia Federal de Bomberos, Ezeiza (Argentina). Policia Federal Argentina. Div. Cuartel Ezeiza; Superintendencia Federal de Bomberos, Buenos Aires (Argentina). Policia Federal Argentina. Seccion Seguridad Radiologica


    In this work it is reflected the operative task of the Team of Radiological Emergencies of the Federal Superintendence of Firemen, in the intervention that took place November 3 of 1995, in the Military Factory of Ammunition of the City of River Third, in the county of Cordoba (Argentina). After big explosions that caused the destruction of the building and surrounding areas, with dispersion of ammunition of canyons, we proceeded to locate and recover the industrial sources which were also at the scene. After their recovery, the sources were given to the Nuclear Regulatory Authority for its safe guard.(author)

  14. Water Efficient Installations - A New Army Guidance Document (United States)


    Detection and Repair 4. Water Efficient Landscaping 5. Water Efficient Irrigation 6. Toilets and Urinals 7. Faucets and Showerheads 8. Boiler/Steam...lose 8760 to 219,000 gal/year Broken flush valve on toilet can lose 40 gal/hour US Army Corps of Engineers® Engineer Research and Development Center...Amendments ( Compost ) 20 Irrigation Scheduling

  15. Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress (United States)


    Separation Incentive, Special Separation Bonuses, Temporary Early Retirement Authority, the Voluntary Early Release/Retirement Program, and Early Outs... Early Retirement Board (SERB) Announced ..................................... 17 Protecting the Institutional Army...soldiers will be forced to leave active duty through involuntary separation or early retirement . Reportedly, for the first time since the 1970s, the

  16. Army Communicator. Volume 35, Number 4, Winter 2010 (United States)


    Learning Content Management System • The LWN eU Blackboard LCMS hosts Signal courseware and a variety of Army training assets. • Blackboard is a highly...Spiral LAN/WAN – Local Area Network/Wide Area Network LCMS – Learning Content Management System LLC – Lifelong Learning Center LWN eU – LandWarNet

  17. Mentoring the Afghan Army at the Officer Academy in Kabul

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mynster Christensen, Maya

    academy in Kabul, this policy brief stresses the urgency with which Western militaries should improve military capacity building efforts. Based on qualitative data collected at the British Royal Military Academy Sandhurst and the Afghan National Army Officer Academy, the brief outlines five clusters...

  18. Collective Leadership Measurement for the U.S. Army (United States)


    comparisons (e.g., Gager & Hohmann- Marriott , 2006; Griffin, Greiner, Stansfeld, & Marmot, 2007; Shanahan & Lomax, 1986). Generating behavioral markers for each...Technical Report 1288). Arlington, VA: U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Gager, C., & Hohmann- Marriott , B. (2006

  19. Task 0715: Army Chesapeake Bay Total Maximum Daily Load Pilots (United States)


    NDCEE/CTC The NDCEE is operated by: Office of the Assistant Sec etary of the Army for Installations, E ergy and Enviro ment Technology Transition...Center for Energy and Environment 4) Guidebook and Training Development/Delivery (Future)  Guidebook – Capture lessons learned from implementation of

  20. Master Resilience Training in the U.S. Army (United States)

    Reivich, Karen J.; Seligman, Martin E. P.; McBride, Sharon


    The U.S. Army Master Resilience Trainer (MRT) course, which provides face-to-face resilience training, is one of the foundational pillars of the Comprehensive Soldier Fitness program. The 10-day MRT course is the foundation for training resilience skills to sergeants and for teaching sergeants how to teach these skills to their soldiers. The…

  1. [Further improvement of transport immobilization in the czechoslovak army.]. (United States)

    Urminský, E; Beznoska, J; Fanta, D


    The authors inform about a new traction frame for the lower extremity to be used by the health service in the Czechoslovak Army. They present fundamental requirements set for the development of this plate and perspectives of its series production. Key words: metal traction frame, lower extremity, immobilization.

  2. 76 FR 6692 - Radiation Sources on Army Land (United States)


    ... civilian contractors) to obtain an Army Radiation Permit (ARP) from the garrison commander to use, store... changes to licensing of Naturally-Occurring and Accelerator-Produced Radioactive Material (NARM... material has the same meaning as provided in 10 CFR 20.1003. Radiation has the same meaning as provided...

  3. 75 FR 19302 - Radiation Sources on Army Land (United States)


    ... to use, store or possess ionizing radiation sources on an Army Installation. For the purpose of this... Radioactive Material (NARM). Executive Order 12866 Regulatory Planning and Review and Executive Order 13422... final rule which establishes requirements for the expanded definition of byproduct material. 72 FR...

  4. Measuring the Impact of Military Family Programs on the Army (United States)


    1hen Dar. Entared) I USAWC MILITAlY STUDIES PROGRAM PAPIR KEASUkING ThE DIPACT OF MILITARY FAMILT PROGRAMS ON THE APHY An Indiviesal Study by... business to take care of your family and not an Army concern. however, today, that atti- tude has changed. Geographic mobility, changing family

  5. Army Logistician. Volume 36, Issue 6, November-December 2004 (United States)


    system that used to tie us to a cen- tral database.” One of those Honduran projects involves a 179-day rotation between Air Force and Army KOs. SPS...purpose. • Identify the exercise objectives. • Write a narrative of the exercise. • List major events and details of the events. • Assess expected actions

  6. 77 FR 40030 - Army Science Board Summer Study Meeting (United States)


    ... and Technology and Small Unit Data to Decisions. Proposed Agenda: Thursday 26 July 2012: 1530-1630--The study results for Strategic Direction for Army Science and Technology and Small Unit Data to Decisions studies are presented to the ASB. The ASB will deliberate and vote upon adoption of the...

  7. Suicide in the Army National Guard: An Empirical Inquiry (United States)

    Griffith, James


    Since 2004, suicides in the U.S. military have risen, most notably in the Army National Guard (ARNG). Data used in this study were obtained for suicides occurring from 2007 to 2010 and for a random sample of nonsuicides from the general ARNG population. Of the military-related variables considered, a few showed relationships to suicide. Rather,…

  8. Operational Reservations: Considerations for a Total Army Force (United States)


    a Reserve unit with- out proper authority. Two, I happen to know this unit and know that one detachment is in Kuwait , one is in Djibouti, and one is...alone in portraying the AC as the main force involved in Ka - trina. The U.S. Army Military History Institute, in its summary of the Army’s response to

  9. Assessing the Performance of the Army Reserve Components School System. (United States)

    Winkler, John D.; And Others

    The operation of the U.S. Army's Reserve Components (RC) school system was assessed. Three areas were identified that were fundamental to the system where organizational changes could make a difference. First, the project assessed training requirements and school delivery of courses. In serving a sizable training requirement for reclassification…

  10. Army Medical Support for Peace Operations and Humanitarian Assistance, (United States)


    gum infection. The Army’s maxillofacial surgeon ended up having to pull a number of the soldier’s teeth and treat him with massive doses of...extensive postinjury physiotherapy and follow-up orthopedic care; (g) radiol- ogy capability;44 (h) one two-tent section (four bunks) for psychiatric

  11. Recruiting and Retaining Army Nurses: An Annotated Bibliography (United States)


    rather than active duty). Also, identify ways in which nursing organizations could assist DOD in recruiting, develop videos of current nursing... nursing organizations . Slewitzke, Connie L., Vail, James D., and McMarlin, Susan A., US Army Reserve and National Guard Survey: An Analysis of Factors

  12. The Strategic Direction for Army Science and Technology (United States)


    The Strategic Direction for Army Science and Technology: Final Report 83 MCWL USMC Warfighting Laboratory MEDEVAC Medical Evacuation MEP Mobile ...Environment Findings: The technology playing field is changing, important t echnology breakthroughs are principa lly driven by commercial and...control charge localization and mobility in the film; initial results have demonstrated substantial improvements in dielectric performance. The

  13. Assessing the Value of U.S. Army International Activities (United States)


    of U.S. Army International Activities Tajfel , Henri , Human Groups and Social Categories, Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1981. Taw...more recent treatment, see Fearon (1997, pp. 68–90). 3 For general discussions, see Tajfel (1981, p. 36), Hogg and Abrams (1998, pp. 31–63), and Goffman

  14. U.S. Army Interwar Planning: The Protective Mobilization Plan (United States)


    Arnold, in addition to others, to discuss the state of the Army air forces. Secretary of the Treasury, Henry Morgenthau was present and noted in......argument. When asked by Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau , if it was true that he could only field 75,000 fully equipped troops, Chief of

  15. The United States Army Infantry Squad: Year 2015. (United States)


    time is a testament to the selfless service they provide the Army daily. To Kellie, Ashley, and Haley, thank you for the notes, pictures, love , and... astrology . "s Before World War I, the world’s major military powers studied major battles to determine how best to prepare their forces to fight in the

  16. Some Recent Sensor-Related Army Critical Technology Events (United States)


    record. The Army Research Office has funded basic research in another technology called Scorpion.F20F Scorpion is an entirely different munitions...19 Note that Excalibur has an integrated fuze in the round. 20 Scorpion is one of a series of very small guided munitions

  17. 78 FR 73852 - Army Science Board Winter Plenary Meeting (United States)


    ... FY13 study titled, ``Creating an Innovation Culture in the Army'' in an open session and begin work on... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE...: Notice of open meeting. SUMMARY: Pursuant to the Federal Advisory Committee Act of 1972 (5...

  18. The Long March. Building an Afghan National Army (United States)


    when U.S. Special Forces formed and trained the first ANA kandak (Thruelsen, 2005; Giustozzi, 2007; and Sedra , 2004). At that time, the training...Talks/decree%20on%20army.pdf SACEUR—See Supreme Allied Command Europe. Sedra , Mark, Security Sector Reform in Afghanistan, Geneva, Switzerland: Geneva

  19. Army Communicator. Volume 28, Number 4, Winter 2003 (United States)


    morale in the states. Members of the panel included COL Brian Hurley , 11th Signal Brigade, LTC Michelle Walla, 501st Signal Battalion commander, 101st...focused support services within the Army Knowledge Enterprise Architecture. ENHANCEMENTS IN STORE FOR FUTURE STRYKER BRIGADES by Tonya K. Townsell

  20. How Big Should the Army Be Considerations for Congress (United States)


    abroad. For others, the cost of increasing the size of the Army is the predominant factor in the debate. The National Military Strategy (NMS...published in June 2015, describes a global environment marked by increasing interdependence, complexity, and the diffusion of information and technologies...devices) as well as sophisticated propaganda and messaging strategies to spread their influence. 5

  1. Decline of African American Enlistment in the United States Army (United States)


    be considered equal men. Racially motivated slander, bigotry, and condemnation of African Americans’ wartime service plagued the Army at the... workplace . The Vietnam Era Veterans’ Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974 was another program that assisted Vietnam Veterans in education and job placement...programs, which are now nearly extinct , gave priority to hiring of minorities and offering government contracts to African American businesses. Many

  2. Learning Organization Dimensions of the Sri Lanka Army (United States)

    Dahanayake, Nishada Dhananjaya; Gamlath, Sharmila


    Purpose: This study intends to investigate the extent to which the Sri Lanka Army can be described as a learning organization. Design/methodology/approach: The main tool of analysis used was the Dimensions of the Learning Organization Questionnaire (DLOQ) developed by Marsick and Watkins, with the exclusion of the sections on financial and…

  3. The Advance on Rome of the Fifth Army (United States)


    off assisted by a diversionary action of the \\ and 5 British In- 25 •Stubborn fighting for CISTERNS lasted two days.- • Army Commander encouraged his...objective on 25 May. The 3d Infantry Division, attacking CISTERN A, completely enveloped the town in a stubborn two-day battle. Upon ita capture in the

  4. Army Sustainment. Volume 42, Issue 1, January-February 2010 (United States)


    forces in Iraq. In the early stages of the fielding, brand -new MRAPs rolling off airplanes and ships were plagued by unforeseen trouble with a...Hagenston 30 RSR and CSR : Why the Confusion? Dr. Thomas E. Ward II 16 Spectrum: Army Logistics Knowledge Management and SALE: A Paradigm for

  5. 78 FR 33074 - Army Science Board Summer Study Session (United States)


    .... Planning for Climate Change study 2013--This study considers the most likely climate change scenarios and..., 2013. 3. Time: 9:00 am-12:00 pm. 4. Location: Antlers Hilton, Four South Cascade, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80903-1685. 5. Purpose of Meeting: The purpose of the meeting is for Army Science Board members...

  6. Army Logistician. Volume 38, Issue 3, May-June 2006 (United States)


    mission work. The 99th MCT consisted of 12 Active Army Soldiers, and the KBR team consisted of 6 “ expats ” (expatriates) and 16 or so Iraqi workers... Expats were KBR employees hired from all over the world. They typically held positions of greater author- ity than local hires.) Togeth- er

  7. Branding: A Strategy for Manning an All-Volunteer Army (United States)


    Command G2, “ Competitive Intelligence Assessment,” briefing slides with scripted commentary, Fort Knox, U.S. Army Accessions Command, 2 October 2007...USAAC G2, “ Competitive Intelligence Assessment,” 22. 56 Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), “National Defense Budget Estimates

  8. Unparalleled Need: Human Intelligence Collectors in the United States Army (United States)


    Myers - Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). The MBTI determines four basic but enlightening preferences including, “where you focus your attention, the way... Myers - Briggs Type Indicator Interpretive Report,” personal report prepared for Kevin Wilkinson, Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, May 23

  9. The Army’s Cargo Fleet in World War II (United States)


    Hodson forwarded a detailed memorandum to the Command- ing General, !few York Port of Embarkation, directing that a number of officers be selected, trained...grading of personnel. In a memorandum of 23 April 1943 for the Army Chief of Staff, CGeorge C. Marshall, Admiral Ernest J. King noted that in the early

  10. Streamlining U.S. Army Military Installation Map (MIM) Production (United States)


    Assurance Plans ( QAPs ). Serves as the standardized data structure across all Army training and testing installations. Once populated, this...produced NGA MIMs and supporting documentation. All aspects reflect the layout, fonts, and features which are common to MIMs. Based on SRP QAP (CIP

  11. The Organizational Anomaly of US Army Strategic Counterintelligence (United States)


    piles of tinder in the organization, but these recommendations are no substitute for the deliberate planning that will be necessary to secure the... tinder before it can ignite and ensure continued vitality within Army CI. Coming to grips with the new challenges and threats of the twenty-first

  12. Materiel Acquisition Management of U.S. Army Attack Helicopters (United States)


    incorporated into a mast mounted sight ( MS ). CO The initial OH-58D did not have provisions for a weapon suite. However, with the proliferation of...Briefing, "Apache Multi Stage Improvement Program ( MSIP )," Apache Program Manager’s Office, U.S. Army Aviation Support Command, St Louis, Missouri

  13. Net Zero Ft. Carson: making a greener Army base (United States)

    The US Army Net Zero program seeks to reduce the energy, water, and waste footprint of bases. Seventeen pilot bases aim to achieve 100% renewable energy, zero depletion of water resources, and/or zero waste to landfill by 2020. Some bases are pursuing Net Zero in a single secto...

  14. Training in Mechanized Stock Accounting Systems in Army Logistics. (United States)

    Leedy, Herbert B.

    Army experience with a small mechanized stock accounting system, the NCR 500, was studied with respect to personnel and training, in order to improve implementation of newer and more complex computer-based logistics systems. Officers and enlisted personnel in various duty positions connected with NCR 500 systems in four Far Eastern commands were…

  15. Microwave Resonant Absorption of Potential Exothermic Compounds (United States)


    exothermic materials: lead azide, lead styphnate , PETN, composition B, black powder, nitrocellulose, boron barium Chromate, and M-30 exhibit sharp...the exothermic materials. Table 1. Compounds Tested Compound Source 1 Lead Azide Broco Inc, Rialto CA 2 Lead Styphnate 3 PETN 4 Comp B 5 Black Powder 6...Nitrocellulose (12.6% Nitration) 7 Boron Barium Chromate ICI America, Valley Forge, PA 8 M30 (Gun Propellent) Radford Army Ammunition Plant, Radford

  16. Prediction Model for Impulsive Noise on Structures (United States)


    Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning IRIG Inter-Range Instrumentation Group MCAAP McAlester Army Ammunition Plant MIF Mode Indicator...uncompressed data streams. Each recorder was operated continuously during periods of expected firing. All recordings were synchronized with IRIG -B time codes...included the nominal time and/or run log number, and the sampling rate. IRIG -B time code channels were included in this processing. Further

  17. Department of the Army Supply Bulletin, Army Medical Department Supply Information, SB8-75-S7 (United States)


    operations. In that light, key SCMD personnel have traveled to various Major Army Command (MACOM) locations, marketing our strategic capabilities and...4) One (1) 1x1 Brigade Set on various ships. b. These sets do not contain exclusionary items such as controlled drugs, refrigerated, or P&D

  18. Army Downsizing Following World War I, World War II, Vietnam, and a Comparison to Recent Army Downsizing (United States)


    postwar environment. In 1919, a bill was presented in Congress requesting a 500,000 man Army.6 Leading the dissenters was Representative Percy Quin of...Brigadier General William P. Jackson , Commanding General of Madison Barracks at Sackett Harbor, New York, in a report on married enlisted men complained

  19. The Role of the US Army Reserve in Support of the US Army Force 2025 and Beyond: Challenges and Opportunities (United States)


    shared their support, their wisdom and their friendship I am eternally grateful. To my beautiful wife Jessie, thank you for supporting me during another...Army Reserve houses more than two –thirds of the Civil Affairs Units, Psychological Operations Units, Transportation Groups, Motor Battalions

  20. Increased Suicides in the United States Army: Improving the Effectiveness of the US Army’s Suicide Prevention Program (United States)


    those with no religious affiliation or foundation. The military, as an extension of society, has become increasingly more concerned about offending ...Army should be assuming more innovative tactics with those that are committing most of the suicides- Soldiers in their late teens and twenties. “We’re

  1. Energy Behavior Change and Army Net Zero Energy; Gaps in the Army’s Approach to Changing Energy Behavior (United States)


    Strategy including energy security, job creation, investment in innovation, and fighting climate change . The Assistant Secretary of the Army (Energy Trust of Oregon 2014). Energy behavior change efforts at Fort Carson, Colorado are part of a large information campaign and...behavior changes . Information they used included awareness on climate change and energy conservation. The researchers established a website to share

  2. Predicting U.S. Army suicides after hospitalizations with psychiatric diagnoses in the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) (United States)

    Kessler, Ronald C.; Warner, LTC Christopher H.; Ivany, LTC Christopher; Petukhova, Maria V.; Rose, Sherri; Bromet, Evelyn J.; Brown, LTC Millard; Cai, Tianxi; Colpe, Lisa J.; Cox, Kenneth L.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Gilman, Stephen E.; Gruber, Michael J.; Heeringa, Steven G.; Lewandowski-Romps, Lisa; Li, Junlong; Millikan-Bell, Amy M.; Naifeh, James A.; Nock, Matthew K.; Rosellini, Anthony J.; Sampson, Nancy A.; Schoenbaum, Michael; Stein, Murray B.; Wessely, Simon; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Ursano, Robert J.


    IMPORTANCE The U.S. Army experienced a sharp rise in suicides beginning in 2004. Administrative data show that among those at highest risk are soldiers in the 12 months after inpatient treatment of a psychiatric disorder. OBJECTIVE To develop an actuarial risk algorithm predicting suicide in the 12 months after US Army soldier inpatient treatment of a psychiatric disorder to target expanded post-hospital care. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS There were 53,769 hospitalizations of active duty soldiers in 2004–2009 with ICD-9-CM psychiatric admission diagnoses. Administrative data available prior to hospital discharge abstracted from a wide range of data systems (socio81 demographic, Army career, criminal justice, medical/pharmacy) were used to predict suicides in the subsequent 12 months using machine learning methods (regression trees, penalized regressions) designed to evaluate cross-validated linear, nonlinear, and interactive predictive associations. MAIN OUTCOME Suicides of soldiers hospitalized with psychiatric disorders in the 12 months after hospital discharge. RESULTS 68 soldiers died by suicide within 12 months of hospital discharge (12.0% of all Army suicides), equivalent to 263.9 suicides/100,000 person-years compared to 18.5 suicides/100,000 person-years in the total Army. Strongest predictors included socio-demographics (male, late age of enlistment), criminal offenses (verbal violence, weapons possession), prior suicidality, aspects of prior psychiatric inpatient and outpatient treatment, and disorders diagnosed during the focal hospitalizations. 52.9% of post-hospital suicides occurred after the 5% of hospitalizations with highest predicted suicide risk (3,824.1 suicides/100,000 person years). These highest-risk hospitalizations also accounted for significantly elevated proportions of several other adverse post-hospital outcomes (unintentional injury deaths, suicide attempts, re-hospitalizations). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE The high concentration

  3. Waste reduction at a propellant manufacturing site

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beer, L.A. [Science Applications International Corp., Hackensack, NJ (United States)


    It is the US Army policy to reduce the volume and toxicity of hazardous waste generated by its operations and activities. The Army established a goal to reduce 1985 waste generation levels by 50% by the year 1992, with additional reductions proposed through 1999 per Army guidance. To assist in accomplishing this goal, the Production Base Modernization Activity under a program sponsored by the US Army Materiel Command contracted Science Applications International Corporation to conduct a waste minimization audit at Radford Army Ammunition Plant. This study addressed hazardous wastes as well as non-hazardous oily wastes. The investigation was conducted in three phases to document how hazardous and oily wastes are produced and to recommend waste reduction alternatives. Radford Army Ammunition Plant (RAAP) produces in-process materials such as nitric and sulfuric acids, and propellant components including nitrocellulose and nitroglycerin. In addition, to propellants, the explosives trinitrotoluene and diethylene glycol dinitrate can be produced. The manufacture of military propellants generates the majority of waste at the facility. This paper will present the results of the RAAP Hazmin study, focusing on the major waste generating processes involved with propellant manufacture, Hazmin options suggested to minimize waste generation, and lessons learned.

  4. Aspects of the Squad and Company in the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (United States)


    recruits. The other form of training given to recruits was zhengzhi jiaoyu-- political education . Although, recruits used live ammunition for...During basic training, the political commissar’s primary responsibility centered on the political education , but he also was involved with all of the 75...members of the command element to do. Soldiers trained day and night; political education usually occurred at night; but other training was also done at

  5. Army Financial Improvement Plans Generally Managed Effectively, but Better Contract Management Needed (United States)


    stating that except for reporting deficiencies associated with missiles held at the contractor’s facilities and material in transit, the assertion...Optically-tracked, Wire-command link; Javelin; and Hellfire missiles ). From February 2011 through January 2012, ASA(FM&C) personnel and audit...vehicles $92 General Equipment Equipment for material handling, training, and special tooling and testing 11 OM&S Missiles , ammunition, and munitions

  6. Disposal of chemical agents and munitions stored at Anniston Army Depot, Anniston, Alabama

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hunsaker, D.B. Jr.; Zimmerman, G.P.; Hillsman, E.L.; Miller, R.L.; Schoepfle, G.M.; Johnson, R.O.; Tolbert, V.R.; Kroodsma, R.L.; Rickert, L.W.; Rogers, G.O.; Staub, W.P.


    The purpose of this Phase I report is to examined the proposed implementation of on-site disposal at Anniston Army Depot (ANAD) in light of more detailed and more recent data than those included in the Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (EPEIS). Two principal issues are addressed: (1) whether or not the new data would result in identification of on-site disposal at ANAD as the environmentally preferred alternative (using the same selection method and data analysis tools as in the FPEIS), and (2) whether or not the new data indicate the presence of significant environmental resources that could be affected by on-site disposal at ANAD. In addition, a status report is presented on the maturity of the disposal technology (and now it could affect on-site disposal at ANAD). Inclusion of these more recent data into the FPEIS decision method resulted in confirmation of on-site disposal for ANAD. No unique resources with the potential to prevent or delay implementation of on-site disposal at ANAD have been identified. A review of the technology status identified four principal technology developments that have occurred since publication of the FPEIS and should be of value in the implementation of on-site disposal at ANAD: the disposal of nonlethal agent at Pine Bluff Arsenal, located near Pine Bluff, Arkansas; construction and testing of facilities for disposal of stored lethal agent at Johnston Atoll, located about 1300 km (800 miles) southwest of Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean; lethal agent disposal tests at the chemical agent pilot plant operations at Tooele Army Depot, located near Salt Lake City, Utah; and equipment advances. 18 references, 13 figs., 10 tabs.

  7. Russian Army Mat as a Code System Controlling Behaviour in the Russian army

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vadim Mikhailin


    Full Text Available This text is to be a shortened, restructured and based on somewhat another factological foundation version of my article “Russkii mat kak muzhskoi obstsennyi kod: problema proiskhozhdeniia i evoliutsiia statusa”, published in # 43 of Novoe Literaturnoe Obozrenie. Tracing the genesis of mat to the specific modes of behaviour, peculiar to the archaic male warrior bands, I’m going to show that the military milieu (and some other, structurally close to it social strata, has always been – and remain – absolutely adequate for the mat speaking. Moreover, mat has always carried on within these strata rather specific function connected with creating of one’s identity as a military, and its use offers various and sometimes the only possible means of impact at one’s equal or subordinate (or even superior. As a matter of fact, mat is a basis for a whole code system, controlling different military behaviour practices. The problems of the freshers’ adaptation and of the national specificities in the late Soviet and modern Russian army are to be considered with special respect.

  8. Organising Ethics: The Case of the Norwegian Army

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellen-Marie Forsberg


    Full Text Available This article shows how institutionalism, a theory in organisational social science, provides a model for diagnosing organisational challenges that influence the ethical practices and integration in the Norwegian Army. Institutionalism provides tools for analysing the differences between expressed values and actual practices and for understanding the organisational dynamics that unfold at the crossroads of the organisation's formal structure, informal culture and stakeholder relations. In this article we present and discuss such differences and dynamics in the Norwegian Army based on findings from a survey and a number of workshops. We also provide some suggestions for effective implementation of strategies for strengthening ethics in such an organisation. We argue that the perspective taken in this project is also relevant for other highly professionalised complex organisations and that such interdisciplinary research will strengthen practical ethics' potential for real impact.

  9. An analysis of size and structure of the Army of Reunified Korea


    Lee, Hyun


    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited The purpose of this study is to estimate a reasonable size and an appropriate structure for the Army of Reunified Korea (the Korean Federal Army, KFA). In addition, this study discusses methods of integrating Korean People's Army (KPA) personnel of the People's Democratic Republic of Korea (PDRK), now commonly referred to as "North Korea," into the KFA. To do this, this study starts with a planning threat from the People's Republic of ...

  10. Why has the US Army Been Slow to Adopt Modern Handheld Technology? (United States)


    contractors. The 2011 Network Evaluation Exercise tested apps that 8Ibid. 9“Inspecting Gadgets ,” AUSA, Association of the United States Army, http...product delivery.15 In response, the US Army sought ways that the handheld device market could augment its operational efficiency. In effect , the US Army...process has four phases, each phase marked by a milestone denoting progress in the acquisition process. In effect , any equipment under consideration

  11. Sampling-Based RBDO Using Stochastic Sensitivity and Dynamic Kriging for Broader Army Applications (United States)


    AND DYNAMIC KRIGING FOR BROADER ARMY APPLICATIONS K.K. Choi, Ikjin Lee, Liang Zhao, and Yoojeong Noh Department of Mechanical and Industrial...Thus, for broader Army applications, a sampling-based RBDO method using surrogate model has been developed recently. The Dynamic Kriging (DKG) method...Uuing Stochastic Sensitivity and Dynamic Kriging for Broader Army Applications 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6

  12. Broadening Army Leaders for the Volatile, Uncertain, Complex and Ambiguous Environment (United States)


    Colarusso , “Towards A U.S. Army Officer Corps Strategy For Success: Employing Talent,” Strategic Studies Institute, May, 2010, vii. (accessed August 25, 2011). 62 Ibid, 6. 63 Casey Wardynski, David S. Lyle, Michael J. Colarusso (accessed August 25, 2011). 64 Casey Wardynski, David S. Lyle, Michael J. Colarusso , “Towards A U.S

  13. The Challenge of Adaptation: The US Army in the Aftermath of Conflict, 1953-2000 (United States)


    David Jablonsky, “ Army Transformation: A Tale of Two Doctrines,” Parameters, v.XXXI, n.3 (Autumn 2001), pp.43-62; and Richard Meinhart , Stra- tegic...Robert T. Davis II The Long War Series Occasional Paper 27 Combat Studies Institute Press US Army Combined Arms Center Fort Leavenworth, Kansas OP 27...The Challenge of Adaptation: The US Army in the Aftermath of Confl ict, 1953-2000 Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public

  14. Reconstitution as a Guiding Principle to US Army Force Structure: High Risk or Prudent Hedge? (United States)


    timely manner.”18 Marvin Kreidberg and Merton Henry’s classic survey of military mobilization from the nation’s inception through the end of World War...1992), 1. 19Marvin A. Kreidberg and Merton G. Henry, History of Military Mobilization in the United States Army, 1775-1945 (Washington DC: Department...treasure. In their comprehensive review of US Army Mobilization from 1775 to 1945, Army Officers Marvin Kreidberg and Merton Henry note "it has been

  15. National Disaster Management Authority in Pakistan: Role of Pakistan Army in Disaster Management


    Raza, Ali; Sirajul Haq KANDHRO


    Pakistan army as a institution has been playing various role in the development of the country. The history shows that army has played a very significant role in coping up the emergencies facing the nation. Government often turn to military, when there is a natural or man induced disaster in Pakistan. The Armed forces obviously need to be involved in humanitarian emergencies and disaster management operations. The Pakistan army plays a vital role in the disaster management in history of Pakis...

  16. Sustainability as a Force Multiplier in the U.S. Army (United States)


    Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations & Environment),Army Enviromental Policy Institute,110 Army Pentagon Room 3E464,Washington,DC,20310-0600 8...sustainability because it is the right thing to do – environmentally, socially, and economically . (UNCLASSIFIED) (UNCLASSIFIED) Roots of...conditions under which man and nature can exist in productive harmony” “….fulfill the social, economic , and other requirements of present and future

  17. Changing the Army’s Weapon Training Strategies to Meet Operational Requirements More Efficiently and Effectively (United States)


    Guard ARRM Army Range Requirements Model ASCC Army Service Component Command ASI Additional Skill Identifier ATLD Army Training and Leader Development...Corporation, MG-538-A, 2007. 3 The terms virtual and simulator overlap somewhat. The DoD Modeling and Simulation (M&S) Glossary, March 2010, defines...for live-fire qualification.8 The LMTS uses a laser transmitter on the individual soldier’s issued weapon to engage a reflective target. A scor - ing

  18. Application of Operational Art - The German 8th Army at the Battles at Tannenberg 1914 (United States)


    Application of Operational Art ­ The German gth Army at the Battles at Tannenberg 1914 A Monograph by LTC (GS) Kim Oliver Frerichs German Army...Operational Art ­ The German 8th Army at the Battles at Tannenberg 1914 Sb. GRANT NUMBER Sc. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Sd. PROJECT NUMBER...ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S)Advanced Operational Arts Studies Fellowship, Advanced Military Studies Program. 11. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S

  19. The Development of a Standard Database System for Republic of Korea Army’s Personnel Management. (United States)


    for ROK Army personnel management ? Which data items should be incorporated in a database? Which tecnique should be applied to design data- bases using a...iD-Ri33 499 THE DEVELOPMENT OF A STANDARD DATABASE SYSTEM FOR i/i REPUBLIC OF KOREA ARMY’S PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (U) NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY...NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL Monterey, California . THESIS THE DEVELOPMENT OF A STANDARD DATABASE SYSTEM FOR REPUBLIC OF KOREA ARMY’S PERSONNEL MANAGE

  20. How the Army Meter Data Management System (MDMS) Can Help on the Path to Net Zero (United States)


    fuels, as it consumes in its buildings , facilities, and fleet vehicles over the course of a year. May 10, 2011 4:00 PM ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY SECURITY...SUSTAINABILITY 3 US Army Engineering and Support Center, Huntsville Net Zero Goal Sites - by 2020 NetZero Energy • Fort Detrick, MD • Fort netzero / ENERGY US Army Engineering and Support Center, Huntsville The Army path to Net Zero Energy 1. Reduce consumption 2

  1. Review of Army Officer Educational System. Volume 2. Full Report, and Annexes B, C (United States)


    reviews which deal with the premises and fundamentals 3 This view is strongly expressed by Edward L. Katzenbach , Jr. in "The Demotion of Professionalism...Munitions School, US Army Logistics Management Center, US Army Combat Surveillance and Electronic Warfare School, US Army John F. Kennedy Institute...of Oregon 145 Moore Hall 147B Hendricks Hall Los Angeles, California 90024 Eugene, Oregon 97403 213-825-4711, Ext. 28 503-686-5172 Dr. John Holland

  2. Forgetting the Lessons of Vietnam: Army Force Structure Changes as a Result of Reduced Budgets (United States)


    DISCLAIMER The views expressed in this academic research paper are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the preserve active force structure is contrary to how the Army has handled past budget reductions. Since 1974, the Army absorbed budget cuts by...the Army which was tasked with objectively reviewing the Army’s plans to rebalance force structure. The Commission’s recent report recommends

  3. Assessment of U.S. and Coalition Efforts to Develop Leaders in the Afghan National Army (United States)


    Efforts to Develop Leaders in the Afghan National Army Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the...SUBTITLE Assessment of U.S. and Coalition Efforts to Develop Leaders in the Afghan National Army 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM...TRANSITION COMMAND-AFGHANISTAN SUBJECT: Assessment of U.S. Government and Coalition Efforts to Develop Leaders in the Afghan National Army (Report No

  4. Selling the Drama: Army Marketing Strategies and the Future of Word-of-Mouth Marketing (United States)


    War, so the Army was also able to market to an individual’s sense of family. While appealing to the applicant from all of these different...positions of inclusion, “Be all that you can be” also appealed to an applicant’s sense of pride and personal achievement. Another successful campaign...recruiters must be a tangible representation of all those things the Army mission and vision represent. The recruiter must subscribe to the Army

  5. Measuring and Retaining the U.S. Army’s Deployment Experience (United States)


    the Regu- lar Army do not affi liate with either the ARNGUS or USAR. Th e extent of this decline will depend on how reductions are applied across...if the Army believes that deployment experience is valuable, it could take measures to increase the ARNGUS or USAR affi liations of soldiers with...deployment-related experience who are leaving the Regular Army, thereby slowing that loss. Th e number of prior-service personnel who affi liate

  6. The New European Security Calculus: Implications for the U.S. Army (United States)


    encourage "specialization" within the existing framework of the EURO/NATO Training Group, at a time when, for politica : and financial reasons...created the Forca di Intervento Rapido in 198574 and in 1988, the Spanish Army tested for the first time its Fuerze de Accion Rapida, a formation...Intervento Rapido, the Spanish Army’s Fuerza de Accion Rapida, the Portuguese Army’s Airborne Brigade, the UK Mobile Force, the Belgian Paracommando

  7. Impact оf the First World War оn the Transformation of German Army

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evdokimova Tatyana


    Full Text Available Germany’s defeat in World War I and proclamation of the first German republic significantly influenced the change of the role of the army in the German state. At the stage of reorganization of the Kaiser’s army into the Reichswehr (1918–1921 the main result of this transformation became the creation of a new model of the German Army in which the principle of “distancing” the army from politics was replaced by new legislative and political realities that raised the question of inevitability of relationship between the army and the state. The Versailles Treaty and the Weimar constitution put forward the task of turning the German army into integral part of the state apparatus which led to losing its apoliticality. They also contributed to the emergence of Reich Ministry and the post of Reich Minister combined in one person the representative of the army and the state power. Besides, they helped to form a united German professional army and provided joint search of allies in the field of armaments by politicians and military men. The army tried to defend the old Prussian military traditions in terms of the German State called itself the Reich, and Weimar politicians sought to put the army under a parliamentary-presidential control. At the later stage of the Weimar Republic political generals will appear in the army, and important government positions will be taken by the representatives of the Generalitat. But the outcome of the force balance already at the stage of development of the temporary Reichswehr, when the real power in the army was in hands of the commander of the ground forces, and not of the Reich President and Reich Minister largely predetermined the strength of the conservative military elite in the future.

  8. Distributed Common Ground System Army Increment 1 (DCGS-A Inc 1) (United States)


    requirements and business case assessments. In 2002, the Army consolidated the critical requirements in nine families of fielded systems and included...for MAIS Programs 3 Program Information 4 Responsible Office 4 References 4 Program Description 5 Business Case 6 Program Status...Description Distributed Common Ground System–Army (DCGS-A) is the Army Service component of the DoD DCGS Family of Systems and the Defense Intelligence

  9. Polyester Culture: The U.S. Army’s Aversion to Broadening Assignments (United States)


    NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S) U.S. Army War College 122 Forbes Ave. Car lisle , PA 17013 11. SPONSOR/MONITOR’ Colonel Thomas D. Boccardi United States Army Dr. Jason Lyall Faculty Advisor This CRP is submitted in...would like to thank Dr. Jason Lyall of Yale University and Dr. Tami Biddle of the U.S. Army War College for guidance and mentorship during this entire

  10. The antipredatory behaviours of Neotropical ants towards army ant raids (Hymenoptera : Formicidae)


    Dejean, A.; Corbara, B.; Roux, Olivier; Orivel, J.


    Group hunting, nomadism, wingless queens and colony fission characterize army ants, allowing them to have become the main tropical arthropod predators, mostly of other social insects. We studied the reactions of different ant species to the New World army ants Eciton burchellii (WESTWOOD, 1842) and E. hamatum (FABRICUS, 1782) (Ecitoninae). We compiled our results with those already known in a synthetic appendix. A wide range of ant species react to the approach of army ant raids by evacuating...

  11. Installation Management Command: Preparing Civilians for the Army of 2020 (United States)


    deliver installation services, and to sustain facilities in support of Senior Commanders in order to enable a ready and resilient Army.7 IMCOM was...The IMCOM Mission is to: “synchronize, integrate, and deliver installation services and sustain facilities in support of Senior Commanders in...resist change.55 “Walt Disney is credited with saying that “change is inevitable, growth is optional.”56 If we are to execute the best plan to

  12. Royal Thai Army Personnel, Education and Training System. (United States)


    north, Laos to the north and northeast and Cambodia to the eastj Thailand is approximately the size of France with a population of 50 million...paper focuses on the role played by the US, and US assistance to Thailand . ii k4 ROYAL THAI ARMY PERSONNEL, EDUCATION AND TRAINING SYSTEM Thailand ... Thailand history is as complex as a slow Thai classical dance. Thai beliefs, attitudes, political structures and customs have been molded by a remarkable

  13. Army LEED-Certified Projects, August 2008 - January 2011 (United States)


    efficient vehicles and carpool vehicles. Additionally, the project provides secure locations for bicycles as well as showers and changing facilities...walkways, bicycle paths, and preferred parking for both fuel-efficient vehicles and carpools . 59% of the previously developed site has been restored with...for carpool parking which are clearly marked by signs. u.S. Army Engineer District, Los Angeles Architect: RQ Construction, Inc. Civil Engineer

  14. New Tools and Metrics for Evaluating Army Distributed Learning (United States)


    Distributed Learning URL Uniform Resource Locator USASMA United States Army Sergeants Major Academy VTT Video Teletraining XML Extensible Markup Language... VTT ). In contrast to the Ordnance course, the Battle Staff course had not been using a 3 Options included: no experience; shade tree mechanic; light...questions on concepts that they should have known from the DL phase. We recruited 98 students from three VTT classes to take the revised knowledge

  15. The Lord’s Resistance Army Wicked Problem (United States)


    intervention. 2 Between 1988 and 2008, deliberate efforts were made by the Government of Uganda to resolve the LRA conflict by peaceful means ...President Baraka Obama signed into law the “Lord’s Resistance Army Disarmament and Northern Uganda Recovery Act”, legislation aimed at stopping Joseph... means to address these grievances after witnessing Uganda’s successive violent power struggles since independence.34 While it is true there were

  16. Key Trends That Will Shape Army Installations of Tomorrow (United States)


    Sanjiv Singh, Stephan Roth , and Takeshi Takahashi, “An Efficient System for Combined Route Traversal and Collision Avoidance,” Autonomous Robots, Vol. 24...should (and presumably could) do the same.640 Younger children are constrained physically rather than by rules. A study in Scotland which used...Priorities and Opportunities,” U.S. Army Journal of Installation Management, Spring 2011. Hamner, Bradley, Sanjiv Singh, Stephan Roth , and Takeshi Takahashi

  17. Army Corps Supplemental Appropriations: Recent History, Trends, and Policy Issues (United States)


    P.L. Number (Year Enacted) Primary Response/Purpose General Expenses Investigations Construction MR&T O&M FCCE FUSRAP Total P.L. 112-77...Italicized lines indicate supplemental funding for purposes other than natural disaster response. FUSRAP = Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action...Program ( FUSRAP ). A summary of individual locations receiving disaster funding is provided in the Appendix to this report. Army Corps Supplemental

  18. Scouts Out! The Development of Reconnaissance Units in Modern Armies (United States)


    and Stoves, 133, 145, 147, 149; Rothe and Ohrloff, 389; Luck 71, 81. 48. Earl F. Ziemke and Magna E. Bauer , Moscow to Stalingrad: Decision in the...Warren, MI: Squadron/ Signal, 1977. Schneider, Wolfgang . Panzer Tactics: German Small-Unit Armor Tactics in World War II. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole...Fedorowicz, 2000. Ziemke, Earl F., and Magna E. Bauer . Moscow to Stalingrad: Decision in the East. Washington, DC: US Army Center of Military History, 1989

  19. Implementation of Army privatization directives at Forscom installations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Armstrong, R.C. [Army Engineer and Support Center, Huntsville, AL (United States); Patwardhan, S. [C.H. Guernsey & Company, Oklahoma City, OK (United States)


    {open_quotes}Privatization{close_quotes} has become the buzzword of the 1990s not only here in the United States but throughout the world. Privatization has been traditionally defined as the sale/transfer of state-owned (i.e. federal, state, county, city or public) assets to the private sector. Although there are numerous reasons for the privatization of state-owned assets, the primary reasons include the generation of a significant amount of cash to the state (Great Britain`s sale of electric power industry); capitalization of the formerly state-owned utility (sale of the utilities within many countries of the former Soviet Union); and state policy goals of eliminating monopolies, encouraging competition, and restructuring (Chile). Several year ago, the Department of Defense (DoD) and specifically the Department of Army (DoA) initiated its own `Privatization Process`. Coupled with shrinking budgets, workforce and funding resources from the Government, the Army was faced with antiquated utility infrastructure in need of significant upgrades and in some cases total replacements. Recognizing that the provision of utility services was not a core mission of the Army, DoA has encouraged its Installations throughout the country to consider the privatization of the Government-owned utility systems. In compliance with DoA policy, Forces Command (FORSCOM) has been at the forefront of the privatization process. To date, FORSCOM has initiated the process of analyzing the potential privatization of over 30 utility systems at 12 FORSCOM Installations located throughout the country. The FORSCOM Installations include Fort Irwin, CA; Fort Campbell, KY; Fort Bragg, NC; Fort McPherson, GA; Fort Hood, TX; Fort Polk, LA; Fort Lewis, WA; Fort Riley, KS; Fort Stewart, GA; Hunter Army Airfield, GA; Fort Carson, CO; Fort Devens, MA; Fort Dix, NJ; and Fort Gillem, GA.

  20. Building a Shallow Army: Replacement Operations in the Future Force (United States)


    warfare by air and sea and ground occupation of the enemy homelands. See Williamson Murray and Allan R. Millett, A War to Be Won: Fighting the Second...the POE for the unit, gathering and mobilizing key personnel, and other critical tasks required for a functional CRC.62 The second major issue with...Praeger, 1992. Krepinevich, Andrew. The Army and Vietnam. Baltimore, Md.: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986. Murray, Williamson and Allan R