WorldWideScience

Sample records for architecture knowledge management

  1. An Architecture for Context-Aware Knowledge Flow Management Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Jarrahi, Ali

    2012-01-01

    The organizational knowledge is one of the most important and valuable assets of organizations. In such environment, organizations with broad, specialized and up-to-date knowledge, adequately using knowledge resources, will be more successful than their competitors. For effective use of knowledge, dynamic knowledge flow from the sources to destinations is essential. In this regard, a novel complex concept in knowledge management is the analysis, design and implementation of knowledge flow management systems. One of the major challenges in such systems is to explore the knowledge flow from the source to the recipient and control the flow for quality improvements concerning the users' needs as possible. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to provide an architecture in order to solve this challenge. For this purpose, in addition to the architecture for knowledge flow management systems, a new node selection strategy is provided with higher success rate compared to previous strategies.

  2. Introducing tool support for managing architectural knowledge: an experienced report, engineering computer based systems

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Babar, Muhammad; Northway, Andrew; Gorton, Ian; Heuer, Paul; Nguyen, Thong

    2008-01-01

    Management of software architecture knowledge is vital for improving an organisation???s architectural capabilities. Despite the recognition of the importance of capturing and reusing software architecture knowledge, there is currently no suitable support mechanism available. To address this issue, we have developed a conceptual framework for managing architecture design knowledge. A web-based knowledge management tool, Process-based Architecture Knowledge Management Environment (PAKME), has ...

  3. Ontology management in a service-oriented architecture: Architecture of an knowledge base access service

    OpenAIRE

    Moßgraber, Jürgen; Rospocher, M.

    2012-01-01

    An increasing number of information systems integrate semantic data stores for managing ontologies. To access these knowledge bases most of the available implementations provide application programming interfaces (APIs). The implementations of these APIs normally do not support any kind of network protocol or service interface. This works fine as long as a monolithic system is developed. If the need arises to integrate such a knowledge base into a service-oriented architecture a different app...

  4. An Object-Oriented Software Architecture for the Explorer-2 Knowledge Management Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Tarabar, David B.; Greenes, Robert A; Slosser, Eric T.

    1989-01-01

    Explorer-2 is a workstation based environment to facilitate knowledge management. It provides consistent access to a broad range of knowledge on the basis of purpose, not type. We have developed a software architecture based on Object-Oriented programming for Explorer-2. We have defined three classes of program objects: Knowledge ViewFrames, Knowledge Resources, and Knowledge Bases. This results in knowledge management at three levels: the screen level, the disk level and the meta-knowledge l...

  5. 论知识管理和信息构建%On Knowledge Management & Information Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新民; 梁战平

    2003-01-01

    The paper outlines the concept and implementation process of knowledge management, introduces a new domain of study in information science, that is, the concept, composition and process of information architecture, and explores the relationship between knowledge aumagement and information architecture.

  6. Involvement of Service Knowledge Management System in Integration of ITIL V3 and Enterprise Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akbar Nabiollahi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: This study attempts to investigate and clarify the relationship of Service Knowledge Management System (SKMS with our primary study regard to using enterprise architecture through ITIL V3. Approach: SKMS concepts are introduced by ITIL V3 as a set of tools and databases that are used to manage knowledge and information of IT services. Results: The SKMS stores, retrieves, updates and presents all information that is expected for management of whole lifecycle of IT Services. Primary goal of our research is to provide a comprehensive integrated framework to determine and address IT Service Architecture requirements and related issues in ITIL V3 through using Enterprise Architecture. Conclusion/Recommendations: Through the main process of our study we realized that ITIL Knowledge Management process and its model for SKMS might be good candidates for storing and retrieving architectures of IT services. In other word, SKMS can be used as a set of tools and databases for management of architecture components of our target framework. For next step, the concern is how to develop proposed SKMS.

  7. Knowledge Management System Architecture for the Industry Cluster

    OpenAIRE

    Sureephong, Pradorn; Chakpitak, Nopasit; Ouzrout, Yacine; Neubert, Gilles; BOURAS, Abdelaziz

    2007-01-01

    Since the concept of the industry cluster was popularized by Porter in 1990, many countries try to improve the competitiveness through industry sector. Not only companies who take part in the cluster but also academic institutes, government agencies, associations, and supportive industries. The more actors involved in the cluster the more knowledge were distributed among the member of cluster. Although, many literatures about cluster explained how knowledge is important for the cluster develo...

  8. Meme media and meme market architectures knowledge media for editing distributing and managing intellectual resources

    CERN Document Server

    Tanaka, Y

    2003-01-01

    "In this book, Yuzuru Tanaka proposes a powerful new paradigm: that knowledge media, or "memes," operate in a way that closely resembles the biological function of genes, with their network publishing repository working as a gene pool to accelerate the evolution of knowledge shared in our societies. In Meme Media and Meme Market Architectures: Knowledge Media for Editing, Distributing, and Managing Intellectual Resources, Tanaka outlines a ready-to-use knowledge media system, supplemented with sample media objects, which allows readers to experience the knowledge media paradigm."--Jacket.

  9. Knowledge management

    OpenAIRE

    Jarošová, Milena

    2010-01-01

    Theoretical part: Basic terms of knowledge management, knowledge worker, knowledge creation and conversion process, prerequisites and benefits of knowledge management. Knowledge management and it's connection to organizational culture and structure, result measurements of knowledge management, learning organization and it's connection to knowledge management. Tacit knowledge management tools -- stories -- types, how to create, practical use, communities, coaching. Value Based Organization. Pr...

  10. Documentation of Software Architecture from a Knowledge Management Perspective - Design Representation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruchten, Philippe

    In this chapter we survey how architects have represented architectural knowledge and in particular architectural design. This has evolved over the last 3 decades, from very intuitive and informal, to very structured, abstract and formal, from simple diagrams and metaphors, design notations, and specific languages. As our understanding of architectural knowledge evolved, the importance of design rationale and the decision process became more and more prominent. There is however a constant through this evolution: the systematic use of metaphors.

  11. Knowledge Management Practice in Two Australian Architecture-Engineering-Construction (AEC Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Zou

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge management (KM could be described as a management system that supports the creation, sharing and retrieving of valued information, expertise and insight within and across communities of people and related organizations using information and communication technologies and hence it is a combination of the effective application of information technlogy and management of human resources. KM is becoming a core competitive factor in construction operations. This paper presents the results of two case studies of KM practices in large AEC (architecture, engineering and construction companies through desk-top study and semi-structured interviews. The results indicate that implementing KM in AEC companies leads to competitive advantages and improved decision-making, problem solving and business performance. The results also indicateed that while technology plays an important role, top management commitment, total employee involvement, performance assessment and the culture of knowledge-learning and sharing must be considered when implementing KM. Therefore it is suggested that the implementation of KM should incorporate the company's vision, work processes, technology and culture, to improve the ability of knowledge creating, capturing, sharing, retrieving and ultimately, to improve the company's competitive advantage, decision making, problem solving and innovation.

  12. Architecture and Workflow of Medical Knowledge Repository

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Hyunsook; Kim, Jeong Ah; Cho, Insook

    Recently, clinical field builds various forms of computerized medical knowledge and tries to use it efficiently. In general, to build and reuse knowledge easily, it is needed to build a knowledge repository. Especially, the credibility of knowledge is important in clinical domain. This paper proposes methods for supporting it. To perform it systematically, we propose the method of the knowledge management processes. The methods for knowledge management can serve equal quality, usability and credibility of knowledge. Knowledge management methods consist of 2 methods. They are the knowledge management processes and the specification of the management targets. And this paper proposes the requirement of a knowledge repository and the architecture of the knowledge repository.

  13. Knowledge management

    OpenAIRE

    Lubojacký, Roman

    2012-01-01

    Knowledge management is a way to effectively manage corporate knowledge. Goal of the thesis is to analyze tasks and ways of knowledge management and technological means to support it and test chosen software tools for creation of knowledge base of business terms. First part of the work is dealing with analysis of knowledge management, technics and tools, which are used and technologies for its support. Second part is focused on testing tools for creation of business terms knowledge base for n...

  14. Knowledge Management

    CERN Document Server

    Gerami, Mohsen

    2010-01-01

    This paper discusses the important process of knowledge and its management, and differences between tacit and explicit knowledge and understanding the culture as a key issue for the successful implementation of knowledge management, in addition to, this paper is concerned with the four-stage model for the evolution of information technology (IT) support for knowledge management in law firms.

  15. A Knowledge Management Technology Architecture for Educational Research Organisations: Scaffolding Research Projects and Workflow Processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muthukumar; Hedberg, John G.

    2005-01-01

    There is growing recognition that the economic climate of the world is shifting towards a knowledge-based economy where knowledge will be cherished as the most prized asset. In this regard, technology can be leveraged as a useful tool in effectually managing the knowledge capital of an organisation. Although several research studies have advanced…

  16. A Proposed Architecture for Implementing a Knowledge Management System in the Brazilian National Cancer Institute

    OpenAIRE

    José Geraldo Pereira Barbosa; Antônio Augusto Gonçalves; Vera Simonetti; Altino Ribeiro Leitão

    2009-01-01

    Because their services are based decisively on the collection, analysis and exchange of clinical information or knowledge, within and across organizational boundaries, knowledge management has exceptional application and importance to health care organizations. This article proposes a conceptual framework for a knowledge management system, which is expected to support both hospitals and the oncology network in Brazil. Under this holistic single-case study, triangulation of multiple sources of...

  17. Knowledge management

    OpenAIRE

    Nádvorník, Pavel

    2011-01-01

    The main goal of this thesis is to describe implementation of the information system that will support knowledge management using KM-Beat-it methodology in Helpdesk department of the Wincor Nixdorf, Ltd. company. Due to lack of knowledge management principles usage this system will support procedures and processes of knowledge management. Setup and implementation of this system was performed using and combining of two methodologies, methodology for knowledge management implementation KM-Beat-...

  18. Knowledge Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999

    The first of the four papers in this symposium, "Knowledge Management and Knowledge Dissemination" (Wim J. Nijhof), presents two case studies exploring the strategies companies use in sharing and disseminating knowledge and expertise among employees. "A Theory of Knowledge Management" (Richard J. Torraco), develops a conceptual framework for…

  19. An architecture of knowledge management system based on agent and ontology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    To solve the problems in knowledge management system (KMS), such as information sharing, the ability to extend and re-engineer, and the reusable ability of legacy systems in distributed and heterogeneous environments. This article presents a method based on agent and ontology of designing KMS. This method consists of two agencies. One is knowledge agency with three agents supporting knowledge management process. The other is application agency with three agents supporting knowledge application. In this method, ontology is used to represent the knowledge in knowledge base and the content in the message exchanged among agents. To demonstrate the advantages of this method, experiments have been carried out and the results imply that this method is efficient and effective for small and medium-size enterprises to design KMS.

  20. Knowledge management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Nicolai Juul; Mahnke, Volker

    2003-01-01

    Knowledge management has emerged as a very successful organization practice and has beenextensively treated in a large body of academic work. Surprisingly, however, organizationaleconomics (i.e., transaction cost economics, agency theory, team theory and property rightstheory) has played no role in...... the development of knowledge management. We argue thatorganizational economics insights can further the theory and practice of knowledge managementin several ways. Specifically, we apply notions of contracting, team production,complementaries, hold-up, etc. to knowledge management issues (i.......e., creating and integrationknowledge, rewarding knowledge workers, etc.) , and derive refutable implications that are novelto the knowledge management field from our discussion....

  1. Knowledge Management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 2001, SCK-CEN decided to adopt and implement a practical knowledge management approach. Knowledge management activities were identified within the organisation and a co-ordinated approach to knowledge management was applied. Such an approach requires an efficient reuse of recorded knowledge and an effective transfer of the available knowledge. This approach ensures an added value to our research work and guarantees the long-term preservation of the institutional memory. Principle results and future developments regarding knowledge management at SCK-CEN are summarised

  2. Knowledge Management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Knowledge management is an evolving subject area based on two notions: - That knowledge is a fundamental aspect of effective organizational performance; - That specific steps need to be actively taken to promote knowledge creation and use. Two common approaches to knowledge management that are often used in combination include: - Knowledge management focused on the capture of explicit knowledge and sharing this via technology; - Knowledge management focused on managing tacit knowledge without necessarily making it explicit, and creating new knowledge as well as sharing existing knowledge. In the context of human resources development, knowledge management is strongly tied to strategy and is activity oriented. Properly applied knowledge management improves organizational efficiency and productivity through reducing process times, introducing technology to assist finding relevant information and instituting techniques to remedy poor quality outputs. Knowledge management also promotes innovations, which can result from initiatives such as developing social networks for knowledge exchange, providing leadership to encourage risk taking and capturing the lessons learned from past activities. Both of these benefits require openness to change and a drive for continual improvement. Other benefits of knowledge management include improved decision making, retaining organizational memory and organizational learning, as well as improving morale. Knowledge management can be used on its own or in collaboration with other management disciplines and tools to establish an environment that will enable the organization to realize these benefits. Summarizing the effective management of nuclear knowledge includes ensuring the continued availability of qualified personnel. As the nuclear workforce ages and retires, and with support uncertain for university programmes in nuclear science and engineering, this issue has become critical to ensuring safety and security, encouraging innovation

  3. Architectural Design Decisions For A Knowledge-Based Distributed Systems Manager

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasquale, Joseph

    1987-05-01

    A major fundamental problem in decentralized resource control in distributed systems is that in general, no decision-making node knows with complete certainty the current global state of the system. We present an architecture for an Expert Manager which provides a framework for dealing with this problem. Expert system techniques are used to infer the global system state using whatever partial state information is at hand, along with mechanisms for reasoning. Decision-making is enhanced by taking into account the uncertainty of observations, and that concurrent decisions made by many Expert Managers may conflict.

  4. DESIGNING A KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT ARCHITECTURE TO SUPPORT SELF-ORGANIZATION IN A HOTEL CHAIN

    OpenAIRE

    Kaldis, Emmanuel

    2012-01-01

    Models are incredibly insidious; they slide undetected into discussions and then dominate the way people think. Since Information Systems (ISs) and particularly Knowledge Management Systems (KMSs) are socio-technical systems, they unconsciously embrace the characteristics of the dominant models of management thinking. Thus, their limitations can often be attributed to the deficiencies of the organizational models they aim to support. Through the case study of a hotel chain, this research sugg...

  5. Knowledge Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shariq, Syed Z.; Kutler, Paul (Technical Monitor)

    1997-01-01

    The emergence of rapidly expanding technologies for distribution and dissemination of information and knowledge has brought to focus the opportunities for development of knowledge-based networks, knowledge dissemination and knowledge management technologies and their potential applications for enhancing productivity of knowledge work. The challenging and complex problems of the future can be best addressed by developing the knowledge management as a new discipline based on an integrative synthesis of hard and soft sciences. A knowledge management professional society can provide a framework for catalyzing the development of proposed synthesis as well as serve as a focal point for coordination of professional activities in the strategic areas of education, research and technology development. Preliminary concepts for the development of the knowledge management discipline and the professional society are explored. Within this context of knowledge management discipline and the professional society, potential opportunities for application of information technologies for more effectively delivering or transferring information and knowledge (i.e., resulting from the NASA's Mission to Planet Earth) for the development of policy options in critical areas of national and global importance (i.e., policy decisions in economic and environmental areas) can be explored, particularly for those policy areas where a global collaborative knowledge network is likely to be critical to the acceptance of the policies.

  6. Knowledge Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hald Nielsen, Bo; Nicolajsen, Katrine

    For Økonomistyrelsen opstilles en teoretisk model over forudsætningerne for, at mmah er kan anvende knowledge management. Praksis vurderes dernæst i forhold til denne model.......For Økonomistyrelsen opstilles en teoretisk model over forudsætningerne for, at mmah er kan anvende knowledge management. Praksis vurderes dernæst i forhold til denne model....

  7. Knowledge Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deepak

    2005-01-01

    Knowledge Management (KM) is the process through which organizations generate value from their intellectual and knowledge-based assets. Frequently generating value from such assets means sharing them among employees, divisions and even with other companies in order to develop best practices. This article discusses three basic aspects of…

  8. Knowledge Framework Implementation with Multiple Architectures - 13090

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Multiple kinds of knowledge management systems are operational in public and private enterprises, large and small organizations with a variety of business models that make the design, implementation and operation of integrated knowledge systems very difficult. In recent days, there has been a sweeping advancement in the information technology area, leading to the development of sophisticated frameworks and architectures. These platforms need to be used for the development of integrated knowledge management systems which provides a common platform for sharing knowledge across the enterprise, thereby reducing the operational inefficiencies and delivering cost savings. This paper discusses the knowledge framework and architecture that can be used for the system development and its application to real life need of nuclear industry. A case study of deactivation and decommissioning (D and D) is discussed with the Knowledge Management Information Tool platform and framework. D and D work is a high priority activity across the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. Subject matter specialists (SMS) associated with DOE sites, the Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG) and the D and D community have gained extensive knowledge and experience over the years in the cleanup of the legacy waste from the Manhattan Project. To prevent the D and D knowledge and expertise from being lost over time from the evolving and aging workforce, DOE and the Applied Research Center (ARC) at Florida International University (FIU) proposed to capture and maintain this valuable information in a universally available and easily usable system. (authors)

  9. Architectural Reconstruction of 3D Building Objects through Semantic Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    Yucong, Duan; Cruz, Christophe; Nicolle, Christophe

    2010-01-01

    International audience This paper presents an ongoing research which aims at combining geometrical analysis of point clouds and semantic rules to detect 3D building objects. Firstly by applying a previous semantic formalization investigation, we propose a classification of related knowledge as definition, partial knowledge and ambiguous knowledge to facilitate the understanding and design. Secondly an empirical implementation is conducted on a simplified building prototype complying with t...

  10. Managing knowledge management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lystbæk, Christian Tang

    The work-in-progress that I would like to present and discuss in the workshop focuses on the management of knowledge management and its socio-material implications. More specifically, my work focuses on how epistemic objects and objectives are managed in professional health care organisations. One...... of knowledge in health care relate to managerial techniques in knowledge management and, thus, form complex epistemic practices in health care organizations. The theoretical approach in this paper draws on perspectives form Social Studies of Science, in particular from Karin Knorr Cetina (2006, 2007......) and colleagues, who stresses that to understand knowledge management practices we need to magnify the space of knowledge in action and consider the presentation and circulation of epistemic objects in extended contexts. In other words, we need to consider that the routes from research to practice...

  11. Knowledge crash and knowledge management

    OpenAIRE

    Ermine, Jean-Louis

    2010-01-01

    This article, by including the problem of “Knowledge Crash” in the more general framework of “Knowledge Management”, enlarges the concepts of knowledge, generation and knowledge transfer. It proposes a global approach, starting from a strategic analysis of a knowledge capital and ending in the implementation of socio-technical devices for inter-generational knowledge transfer.

  12. DeSyGNER: A Building Block Architecture Fostering Independent Cooperative Development of Multimedia Knowledge Management Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Deibel, Stephan R.A.; Greenes, Robert A.; Snydr-Michal, Jan T.

    1990-01-01

    Multimedia knowledge management requires generalized sharing, composition and inter-relation of disparate data and knowledge elements. Since traditional computer operating systems treat programs as bodies of isolated functionality, inter-program connections can be made only by considerable effort on the part of each program author. We have been developing a multimedia kernel called DeSyGNER (the Decision Systems Group Nucleus of Extensible Resources) that provides basic multimedia knowledge m...

  13. On the Design of an Architecture for Partitioned Knowledge Management in Autonomic Multimedia Access and Aggregation Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latré, Steven; Verstichel, Stijn; de Vleeschauwer, Bart; de Turck, Filip; Demeester, Piet

    The recent emergence of multimedia services, such as Network Based Personal Video Recording and Broadcast TV over traditional DSL based access networks, has introduced stringent Quality of Experience (QoE) requirements. It is generally assumed that the wide variety of services and user profiles introduces the need for a per-user or per-subscriber QoE management. Such a complex QoE management requires real-time knowledge about the managed services, which is available amongst the different nodes in the network. However, even for managing a few services, a relatively large amount of, constantly updated, knowledge is needed. Propagating all the knowledge to all nodes is therefore not feasible. As not all knowledge is relevant to all nodes, it is important to perform an intelligent knowledge distribution and management. In this position paper, we introduce the concept of a cognitive model that describes the knowledge requirements of each node. Based on the information stated in this cognitive model, we discuss how filter queries, that typically describe what needs to be queried from other nodes, can be automatically generated leading to an efficient partitioning of the knowledge through the distributed nodes.

  14. Knowledge Model: Project Knowledge Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Durao, Frederico; Dolog, Peter; Grolin, Daniel;

    2009-01-01

    The Knowledge model for project management serves several goals:Introducing relevant concepts of project management area for software development (Section 1). Reviewing and understanding the real case requirements from the industrial perspective. (Section 2). Giving some preliminary suggestions...

  15. Knowledge Management as Attention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kreiner, Kristian

    2004-01-01

    This article explores the case of product development for insights into the potential role of knowledge management. Current literature on knowledge management entertains the notion that knowledge management is a specific set of practices - separate enough to allow specialization of responsibility....... By common standard, the proclaimed responsibility of knowledge management is shared knowledge, saved learning costs and coordinated action in an organization. The significance of the practices of knowledge management is the intention of shared knowledge, saved learning costs and coordinated action....

  16. Overview of Knowledge Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serban, Andreea M.; Luan, Jing

    2002-01-01

    Defines knowledge management, its components, processes, and outcomes. Addresses the importance of knowledge management for higher education in general and for institutional research in particular. (EV)

  17. Knowledge Building in Landscape Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Fetzer, Ellen

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study was to develop an internet-based seminar framework applicable for landscape architecture education. This process was accompanied by various aims. The basic expectation was to keep the main characteristics of landscape architecture education also in the online format. On top of that, four further objectives were anticipated: (1) training of competences for virtual team work, (2) fostering intercultural competence, (3) creation of equal opportunities for education th...

  18. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlize Breedt

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Business drivers such as digitisation, globalisation, customer intimacy and the emergence of the Information Age initiate the need to manage the organisation's knowledge asset. Knowledge management aims at leveraging this explicit and tacit knowledge asset to the collective benefit of the organisation by developing an infrastructure to facilitate the knowledge process and by making information readily available. The implementation of such an initiative requires integration of the strategic, process, human resource, and technology architecture components as the company's competitive advantage depends on the quality of the organisation's knowledge asset and successful exploitation of it.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Veranderingsdrywers soos digitalisering, globalisering, klienteverhoudings en die ontstaan van die inligtingsera inisieer die behoefte om organisasiekennishulpbronne te bestuur. Kennisbestuur het ten doel om die eksplisiete en nie-eksplisiete kennishulpbron tot die gesamentlike voordeel van die organisasie aan te wend deur 'n infrastruktuur daar te stel om die kennisproses te fasiliteer en inligting beskikbaar te stel. Die implementering van 'n kennisbestuursinisiatief vereis integrasie van die strategiese-, proses-, menslikehulpbron-, en tegnologieargitektuur komponente ten einde die kompeterende voordeel van die organisasie te behou. Onderliggend tot die sukses is die vermoe en kwaliteit van die organisasie se kennishulpbronne.

  19. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT AND KNOWLEDGE WORKERS

    OpenAIRE

    POPESCU, Dan; Geanina CUCU-CIUHAN,; Iulia CHIVU; Manuela CIUCUREL

    2009-01-01

    The last decade has witnessed an exponential growth of interest in organizational learning and Knowledge Management. This comes as a natural consequence of the ever more widespread understanding of the knowledge-based economy as a revolutionary change in the global economy. The rise of the service economy, the increasingly flow of global information, and the growing recognition of the importance of intellectual capital are turning knowledge into a key critical resource and a source of competi...

  20. Architectural Knowledge. Transformations, transpositions and variations

    OpenAIRE

    Pacheco, Mónica

    2013-01-01

    The challenge of architecture is to focus on architecture itself — buildings, drawings, and models— as its locus of knowledge and, specifically, on how that knowledge can became a tool of the design process. One of the first attempts to do so, Précis and Recueil, appeared in the early nineteenth century elaborated by Durand. They represented the hinge for an epistemological validation of the discipline, taking further the Vitruvian axiom architectura est sciencia, and answering Enlightenme...

  1. How architecture students gain and apply knowledge of sustainable architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Donovan, Elizabeth; Holder, Anna

    2016-01-01

    This paper will reflect on understandings of architectural pedagogy and the integration of sustainability into architectural design education. This is framed within an understanding of the construction industry’s role in the production of waste. Despite the complexity of global environmental crises......, architectural educators have the opportunity to do more to address this. We begin with a discussion of contemporary literature and policy concerning education for sustainability in architecture, articulating the particular approaches in development within higher education. This is then compared with critical...... understandings of how architects synthesise different types of knowledge while designing, raising questions about the ‘match’ between educational experiences and subsequent behaviours in practice. Taking an example from Denmark, we outline the approach of Aarhus School of Architecture, where sustainability...

  2. Knowledge Management as Attention

    OpenAIRE

    Kreiner, Kristian

    2005-01-01

    This article explores the case of product development for insights into the potential role of knowledge management. Current literature on knowledge management entertains the notion that knowledge management is a specific set of practices – separate enough to allow specialization of responsibility. By common standard, the proclaimed responsibility of knowledge management is shared knowledge, saved learning costs and coordinated action in an organization. The significance of the practices of kn...

  3. Research on ontology-based architectural knowledge management for software-intensive systems%基于本体的软件密集型系统架构知识管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张纯; 张敬周; 宋俊典

    2011-01-01

    To solve the vaporization of architectural knowledge, an ontology-based management framework is brought forward. First,the classification of architectural knowledge is analyzed. Based on the analysis, an ontology model of architectural knowledge is proposed,which elaborates the meaning of and interrelationship among architectural problems, architectural design decisions and architecture design. In addition, a management framework covering the acquisition, documentation, assessment, repository and reuse of the architectural knowledge is brought forward to achieve the full management, sharing and reuse of them.%为了解决架构知识蒸发的问题,提出了一种基于本体的架构知识管理框架.分析了该架构知识的分类,在此基础上从架构问题、架构设计决策和软件架构等3方面构建一个架构知识本体模型,并且描述了这3类架构知识的内涵及其相互关系,进而提出一个架构知识管理框架,能覆盖架构知识获取、编档、评价、存储和复用等过程,实现了架构知识的全面管理、共享和复用.

  4. Knowledge management review criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents knowledge management review criteria, which are intended to be used by a nuclear power plant operating organization in conducting a self-assessment or an external review of knowledge management functions. Most of these criteria have been used by IAEA experts during the missions on knowledge management at Krsko nuclear power plant, Slovenia and Kozloduy nuclear power plant, Bulgaria. (author)

  5. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT WITHIN ITIL

    OpenAIRE

    Dan Constantin TOFAN

    2010-01-01

    How people work requires knowledge and knowledge management is the fundamental glue that binds an IT organization and transitions it from good to great. ITIL, in its third version, has adopted a new process, related to knowledge management, and became even more business oriented service management standard.

  6. Knowledge Base Grid: A Generic Grid Architecture for Semantic Web

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU ZhaoHui(吴朝晖); CHEN HuaJun(陈华钧); XU JieFeng(徐杰锋)

    2003-01-01

    The emergence of semantic web will result in an enormous amount of knowledge base resources on the web. In this paper, a generic Knowledge Base Grid Architecture (KB-Grid)for building large-scale knowledge systems on the semantic web is presented. KB-Grid suggests a paradigm that emphasizes how to organize, discover, utilize, and manage web knowledge base resources. Four principal components are under development: a semantic browser for retrieving and browsing semantically enriched information, a knowledge server acting as the web container for knowledge, an ontology server for managing web ontologies, and a knowledge base directory server acting as the registry and catalog of KBs. Also a referential model of knowledge service and the mechanisms required for semantic communication within KB-Grid are defined. To verify the design rationale underlying the KB-Grid, an implementation of Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) is described.

  7. Knowledge Management and Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The 21 st century is an era of knowledge, know le dge is said to be particularly important. Knowledge and information have become the economy's primary raw material and its most important outcome. Under increas ingly competitive pressure, many enterprises are examining how they can better m anage their knowledge. During the last years, another concept has gained increas ing interest: knowledge management. The emerging field of knowledge management a ddresses the broad processes of locating, organizing, ...

  8. Nuclear knowledge management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The management of nuclear knowledge has emerged as a growing challenge in recent years. The need to preserve and transfer nuclear knowledge is compounded by recent trends such as ageing of the nuclear workforce, declining student numbers in nuclear-related fields, and the threat of losing accumulated nuclear knowledge. Addressing these challenges, the IAEA promotes a 'knowledge management culture' through: - Providing guidance for policy formulation and implementation of nuclear knowledge management; - Strengthening the contribution of nuclear knowledge in solving development problems, based on needs and priorities of Member States; - Pooling, analysing and sharing nuclear information to facilitate knowledge creation and its utilization; - Implementing effective knowledge management systems; - Preserving and maintaining nuclear knowledge; - Securing sustainable human resources for the nuclear sector; and - Enhancing nuclear education and training

  9. [Knowledge management (I)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz Moreno, J; Cruz Martín Delgado, M

    2001-09-01

    Beyond to be in fashion, the knowledge management (KM) is by itself a powerful strategic weapon for managing organizations. In a first part, the authors analyze strategic concepts related to management, emphasizing the attachment between KM and competitive advantage. Finally, the authors tie the KM to learning process ("tacit knowledge", "socialization", "externalization", "combination", and "internationalization"). PMID:12150129

  10. Engineering Knowledge Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wallace, Ken M.; Ahmed, Saeema; Bracewell, Rob

    2005-01-01

    The need to improve engineering knowledge management is driven by the current challenges facing manufacturing organisations in the emerging global economy and, in particular by the important role knowledge plays in the engineering design process. Industrial organisations are facing increasing...

  11. Knowledge management in creativity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Byrge, Christian; Hansen, Søren

    2011-01-01

    Is it possible to predetermine what kind of ideas that comes out of creativity by using knowledge management? Is it possible to decide beforehand what ideas we want to generate and the direction in which an idea takes in the further development? This paper deals with knowledge management in...... creativity. The point of departure is taken in the connection between knowledge in a cognitive sense, and creativity focussing on ideas. The paper gives a perspective on how knowledge management can be part of creativity. It develops a concept of horizontal thinking and combines it with the fuzzy set theory...... in order to introduce a structured method for knowledge management. This combination makes it possible to determine the output of idea generation and of further development of an idea, by using knowledge management. Potential translations into practice are suggested and one example is given to show...

  12. Basic Elements of Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    Marcin W. Staniewski

    2007-01-01

    The article is a review of basic knowledge management terminology. It presents such a description as: knowledge resources levels (data, information, knowledge, and wisdom), knowledge sources (internal, external), and knowledge typology (implicit, tacit or individual, social). Moreover the article characterizes knowledge management process, knowledge management system and main knowledge management strategies (codification, personalization). At the end of the article there is mentioned the know...

  13. Measuring and Managing Knowledge

    OpenAIRE

    Housel, Thomas; Bell, Arthur H.

    2001-01-01

    Managing and measuring knowledge teaches through the case method, with extended discussion and investigation of high-interest business scenarios from areas of health management, investment, the Internet, telecommunications, computer technologies, food industry management, heavy industry, and a variety of service industries. In each case, readers learn how new tools of knowledge management can positively impact bottom-line profits and overall business strategy. Readers conclude the businesse...

  14. Application of knowledge-based approaches in software architecture : A systematic mapping study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Li, Zengyang; Liang, Peng; Avgeriou, Paris

    2013-01-01

    Context: Knowledge management technologies have been employed across software engineering activities for more than two decades. Knowledge-based approaches can be used to facilitate software architecting activities (e.g., architectural evaluation). However, there is no comprehensive understanding on

  15. Managing Distributed Knowledge Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Brian Vejrum; Gelbuda, Modestas

    2005-01-01

    The article argues that the growth of de novo knowledge-based organization depends on managing and coordinating increasingly growing and, therefore, distributed knowledge. Moreover, the growth in knowledge is often accompanied by an increasing organizational complexity, which is a result of....... This paper contributes to the research on organizations as distributed knowledge systems by addressing two weaknesses of the social practice literature. Firstly, it downplays the importance of formal structure and organizational design and intervention efforts by key organizational members. Secondly...

  16. Nuclear knowledge management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear knowledge is characterized by high-complexity and variety of the component topics and long duration required by the build-up of individual competence. At organizational level, these characteristics made the power of an organization or institution to be determined by the capital accumulated of existing knowledge. Furthermore, the capacity of an organization to re-generate and raise the knowledge capital according to the specific processes it is running according to the existing demand decides its position/ranking in the economy of nuclear field. Knowledge management emphasizes re-utilization of existing practice and experience, upgrade, enrich and re-value of accumulated knowledge. The present paper identifies and classifies the nuclear knowledge steps, namely: tacit knowledge, explicit knowledge, preserving, transfer, knowledge capture etc. On this basis there are identified the existing problems of nuclear knowledge management in Romania such as: difficulties to keep within the country the existing expertise, lack of interest in nuclear education, low level of organization of existing knowledge due to a small number of data bases, an insufficient integration of existing knowledge in IT systems, lack of ontology and taxonomy or an average structuralism. Nuclear knowledge in Romania is facing a major challenge which is generated by the future development of nuclear facilities. It is related to the rising demand of expertise and experts. This challenge is better solved by partnership between end users and institutions of Research and Development and university organization as well which could ensure the generation, transfer and preservation of nuclear knowledge. (authors)

  17. Knowledge management for libraries

    CERN Document Server

    Forrestal, Valerie

    2015-01-01

    Libraries are creating dynamic knowledge bases to capture both tacit and explicit knowledge and subject expertise for use within and beyond their organizations. In this book, readers will learn to move policies and procedures manuals online using a wiki, get the most out of Microsoft SharePoint with custom portals and Web Parts, and build an FAQ knowledge base from reference management applications such as LibAnswers. Knowledge Management for Libraries guides readers through the process of planning, developing, and launching th

  18. IAEA knowledge management initiatives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since its inception the IAEA has always been a knowledge based organization, requested to serve and promote the cause of peaceful use of nuclear science and technology. For nearly five decades the IAEA has been providing nuclear information and knowledge to Member States. A substantial part of the IAEA's activities under the regular budget and technical cooperation programme are aimed at developing and sustaining adequate nuclear competence in the Member States, including helping to build capacity in different aspects of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. The paper describes some knowledge management initiatives that are being implemented within the framework of the IAEA programme on nuclear knowledge management. (author)

  19. Knowledge management, codification and tacit knowledge

    OpenAIRE

    Kimble, Chris

    2013-01-01

    Introduction. This article returns to a theme addressed in Vol. 8(1) October 2002 of the journal: knowledge management and the problem of managing tacit knowledge. Method. The article is primarily a review and analysis of the literature associated with the management of knowledge. In particular, it focuses on the works of a group of economists who have studied the transformation of knowledge into information through the process of codification and the knowledge transaction topography they...

  20. Knowledge Management, Codification and Tacit Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimble, Chris

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: This article returns to a theme addressed in Vol. 8(1) October 2002 of the journal: knowledge management and the problem of managing tacit knowledge. Method: The article is primarily a review and analysis of the literature associated with the management of knowledge. In particular, it focuses on the works of a group of economists who…

  1. Knowledge Management Capabilities Rubrics

    OpenAIRE

    Azizah B.A. Rahman; Sara Hassani

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement: Recently researchers discerned the vitality and importance of Knowledge Management Capabilities (KMC) evaluation in organizations. In fact evaluation of KMC helps to prevent failure in Knowledge Management (KM) projects. Approach: One of the most popular methods in the phase of evaluating KMC is Fuzzy method which evaluates seven attributes of KMC. Fuzzy needs KM experts to give their opinion about these attributes as input data. However in some organizations these experts ...

  2. Essays on Knowledge Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Wenli

    2012-01-01

    For many firms, particularly those operating in high technology and competitive markets, knowledge is cited as the most important strategic asset to the firm, which significantly drives its survival and success (Grant 1996, Webber 1993). Knowledge management (KM) impacts the firm's ability to develop process features that reduce manufacturing…

  3. Knowledge Management and Transfer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Knowledge management has become an important concept in the nuclear industry globally. This has been driven by the fact that new reactors are commissioned and some are decommissioned. Since most old experts are near retirement then there is a need to capture the nuclear knowledge and expertise and transfer it to the new generation. Knowledge transfer is one of the important building blocks of knowledge management. Processes and strategies need to be developed in order to transfer this knowledge. South African Young Nuclear Professionals Society (SAYNPS) has established a document to address strategies that can be used to close the knowledge gap between the young less experienced and experts in the field. This action will help the young generation to participate in knowledge management. The major challenges will be the willingness of the experts to share and making sure that all knowledge is captured, stored and kept up to date. The paper presents the SAYNPS point of view with regard to knowledge transfer. (authors)

  4. Knowledge Management: A Skeptic's Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linde, Charlotte

    2006-01-01

    A viewgraph presentation discussing knowledge management is shown. The topics include: 1) What is Knowledge Management? 2) Why Manage Knowledge? The Presenting Problems; 3) What Gets Called Knowledge Management? 4) Attempts to Rethink Assumptions about Knowledgs; 5) What is Knowledge? 6) Knowledge Management and INstitutional Memory; 7) Knowledge Management and Culture; 8) To solve a social problem, it's easier to call for cultural rather than organizational change; 9) Will the Knowledge Management Effort Succeed? and 10) Backup: Metrics for Valuing Intellectural Capital i.e. Knowledge.

  5. THE KNOWLEDGE BASED ECONOMY AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Lupsa Dana; Constantin Sanda

    2007-01-01

    For the past years, information and knowledge are replacing capital and energy as the primary wealth-creating assets, generating a new type of economy, and called knowledge based economy (KBE), within knowledge management is the main instrument for the companies to obtain competitive advantage. Given the goal of EU established at Lisbon and the perspective of Romania’s accession to EU, Romanian companies must align their management practices with knowledge management in order to survive on a ...

  6. CardioKnowledge: A Knowledge Management Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Montoni, Mariella A.; Galotta, Catia; Rocha, Ana Regina; Rabelo, Álvaro; Rabelo, Lisia

    2003-01-01

    Knowledge management supports decision-making by capturing and analyzing key performance indicators, providing visibility into the effectiveness of the business model, and by concentrating collaborative work and employee knowledge reviews on critical business problems. CardioKnowledge is a knowledge management environment based on the business and process requirements of a health care organization in Cardiology. CardioKnowledge supports organizational processes in order to facilitate the comm...

  7. Knowledge Management System- A STUDY

    OpenAIRE

    Nidhi Agrawal

    2014-01-01

    Every organization and institute is facing the savior problem of generating the knowledge on the basis of their assets. Knowledge management is very indispensable for any organization. We discuss about the knowledge management through this paper. This paper provide an outline of knowledge management and how knowledge management is useful to improve the quality of the educational institute. With the help of knowledge management system we can manage any information. We can defin...

  8. Basic Elements of Knowledge Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcin W. Staniewski

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The article is a review of basic knowledge management terminology. It presents such a description as: knowledge resources levels (data, information, knowledge, and wisdom, knowledge sources (internal, external, and knowledge typology (implicit, tacit or individual, social. Moreover the article characterizes knowledge management process, knowledge management system and main knowledge management strategies (codification, personalization. At the end of the article there is mentioned the knowledge creating process (the concept of knowledge creation spiral and the role of Intelligence Technology (IT and organizational culture as main elements supporting knowledge management implementation in organizations.

  9. An Introduction to Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    Thampi, Sabu M.

    2008-01-01

    Knowledge has been lately recognized as one of the most important assets of organizations. Managing knowledge has grown to be imperative for the success of a company. This paper presents an overview of Knowledge Management and various aspects of secure knowledge management. A case study of knowledge management activities at Tata Steel is also discussed

  10. Document Management vs. Knowledge Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergiu JECAN

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Most large organizations have been investing in various disconnected management technologies during the past few years. Efforts to improve management have been especially noticeable over the last 18-24 months, as organizations try to tame the chaos behind their public internet and internal intranet sites. More recently, regulatory concerns have reawakened interest in records management, archiving and document management. In addition, organizations seeking to increase innovation and overall employee efficiency have initiated projects to improve collaborative capabilities. With business models constantly changing and organizations moving to outsourced solutions, the drive towards improving business processes has never been greater. Organizations expect outsourcing to streamline business processes efficiently and effectively if they are to achieve rapid payback and return on investment (ROI.This is where workflow, document management and knowledge management can support the in-house and outsourced business process improvements that help CEOs gain the business benefits they seek in order to remain competitive. We will show how processes can be improved through workflow, document management and knowledge management.

  11. Knowledge management and history

    OpenAIRE

    Ermine, Jean-Louis; pauget, bertrand; Beretti, Annie; Tortorici, Gilbert

    2004-01-01

    International audience Capitalisation of the history of a technology, a technique or a concept within an industrial company is relevant to historians. However it largely exceeds the historical problems from a Knowledge Management point of view. In this context, it can be the subject of specific approaches especially Knowledge Engineering. However, it faces two types of difficulties: - The techniques in History have few modelling tools, and are even rather reticent with the use of such tool...

  12. About Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    Pop Viorel

    2012-01-01

    The beginning of the new millennium finds the world in a process of inter-connectivity increasing, of data flows acceleration and of temporal and national borders compression. The necessary power for these transformations at global level is represented by the technologies from the information and communication IT&C domain. The social structures transformation through knowledge and knowledge management considered as an essential resource of economical increasing and as the main factor of produ...

  13. Knowledge Management for Manufacturing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OveRustungHjelmervik; 王克胜; 袁庆丰; 方明伦

    2004-01-01

    Technology development and implementation on the manufacturing arena has, throughout the years, frustrated employees over the requirement of constantly adjusting to new technologies. The employee's ability to learn is bounded, and thus limited. Looking at a modern production system, it is often a complicated array of technologies that have to be coordinated; or the technologies are coordinating themselves through artificial intelligence. This paper discusses the need for a holistic knowledge management approach to manufacturing,combining in-place technology with process management philosophy, in order for the firm's human resources to create, share, store and apply new knowledge.

  14. Multimedia Distributed Knowledge Management in MIAKT

    OpenAIRE

    Dupplaw, David; Dasmahapatra, Srinandan; Hu, Bo; Lewis, Paul; Shadbolt, Nigel

    2004-01-01

    Digital media facilitates tight integration of multi-modal information and networking allows this richly textured knowledge to be shared. We present the system we have developed in the MIAKT (Medical Imaging with Advanced Knowledge Technologies) project that provides knowledge management, and facilities for semantic annotations on mammographic images in the context of clinical and histopathological information. This paper also describes the novel generic architecture we have built on semantic...

  15. A New Architecture for Email Knowledge Extraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majdi Beseiso

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The Semantic Web was designed to represent the enormous data that is existing on the World Wide Web ina machine readable format. The research shows the long period of time that was spent on the Emails forcommunication and information exchange. Adding the semantics to the existing Email systems could not only provide for the valuable usage of time and resources, but also refreshes the meaning of Email communication. The presented research work examines the ontology extraction process from the Email systems adopting scalable pattern rules that is based on the extracted techniques. The proposed architecture is designed to handle the unstructured Emails and the ontologies that are extracted from the Email which is divided into four main components as follows: the Ontology Learning Component, the Management Component, the Semantic Email Component and the Client Side Plugin.

  16. Doing Knowledge Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Firestone, Joseph M.; McElroy, Mark W.

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: Knowledge management (KM) as a field has been characterized by great confusion about its conceptual foundations and scope, much to the detriment of assessments of its impact and track record. The purpose of this paper is to contribute toward defining the scope of KM and ending the confusion, by presenting a conceptual framework and set of…

  17. Knowledge management across domains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilfillan, Lynne G.; Haddock, Gail; Borek, Stan

    2001-02-01

    This paper presents a secure, Internet-enabled, third wave knowledge management system. TheResearchPlaceTM, that will facilitate a collaborative, strategic approach to analyzing public safety problems and developing interventions to reduce them. TheResearchPlace, currently being developed under Government and private funding for use by the National Cancer Institute, Federal agencies, and the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency, will augment Geographic Information Systems and analytical tool capabilities by providing a synergistic workspace where teams of multidisciplinary professions can manage portfolios of existing knowledge resources, locate and create new knowledge resources that are added to portfolios, and collaborate with colleagues to leverage evolving portfolios' capabilities on team missions. TheResearchPlace is currently in use by selected alpha users at selected federal sites, and by the faculty of Howard University.

  18. Knowledge management in multinational organization

    OpenAIRE

    Slavíková, Daniela

    2012-01-01

    The object of the master's thesis is to describe theoretically and practically the use of knowledge management in multinational organization, the strong and weak points of the implementation of knowledge management in multinational organization and tools that are used while implementing the knowledge management. The recommendations towards more efective use of knowledge management in multinational organization are given in the last chaper.

  19. Workshop on SHAring and Reusing architectural Knowledge (SHARK 2011)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Avgeriou, Paris; Lago, Patricia; Kruchten, Philippe

    2011-01-01

    Architectural Knowledge (AK) is defined as the integrated representation of the software architecture of a software-intensive system or family of systems along with architectural decisions and their rationale, external influence and the development environment. The SHARK workshop series focuses on c

  20. Personal Knowledge Abilities and Knowledge Management Success

    OpenAIRE

    Iftikhar Hussain; Shakeel Ahmed; Steven Si

    2010-01-01

    Knowledge management success is a hot issue in SMEs. It is obvious that several important factors must be considered for successful implementation, but most small and medium firms have no idea what factors should be considered most heavily. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to expand the base of knowledge in that area, and empirically test the relationship between personal capabilities within SMEs and knowledge management system success. Six factors related to personal capabilities were...

  1. Quality Management Activities for Software Architecture and Software Architecture Process

    OpenAIRE

    Hämäläinen, Niina

    2008-01-01

    Architecture processes are considerably new parts of organisations’ processes. These processes have the responsibility to aim at high quality and financially successful architectures. However, the activities which promote this aim are not clearly defined yet. This study reviews literature and practitioners’ experiences on quality management activities that could be suggested to promote the achievement of high quality software architectures and a good quality software a...

  2. Knowledge Management Capabilities Rubrics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azizah B.A. Rahman

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Recently researchers discerned the vitality and importance of Knowledge Management Capabilities (KMC evaluation in organizations. In fact evaluation of KMC helps to prevent failure in Knowledge Management (KM projects. Approach: One of the most popular methods in the phase of evaluating KMC is Fuzzy method which evaluates seven attributes of KMC. Fuzzy needs KM experts to give their opinion about these attributes as input data. However in some organizations these experts are not available. Results: Therefore in this study a rubric matrix is developed as an assessment tool with ordered rank (very high, medium and very low of descriptive characteristics of criteria (seven attributes that organizations wish to evaluate. Conclusion: This rubric is applicable for members of an organization which are not familiar completely with KMC and also will be maintained by analyzing and surveying many different researches.

  3. Democratic management and architecture school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana Aparecida de Souza

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available It is a conceptual and theoretical research on school organization and its democratization, focusing on one aspect of an objective nature: its architecture. The study was based on the academic literature on democratization and theoretical contribution of Michel Foucault, with regard to the analysis of space as a resourcecontrol, surveillance and training, going through a historical review of the modelconstruction of school buildings in Brazil. It is therefore a sociological analysis of the school environment, in relation to the democratization process of basic education, understood as ensuring that the conditions of access and permanence to a universalquality education, and conceived and gestated from collective interests of its users.We conclude that the architecture of public schools in Brazil do not provides democratic management, either by format controller of buildings constructed in the republican period, either by the current economic priority for the construction of public school buildings, which includes little or no space for collective activities. The character of the buildings remains controller, no more for its architecture, but made possible by technological development, which allows monitoring by video cameras, which is made with the permission and support of community.

  4. Knowledge Map of Facilities Management

    OpenAIRE

    Nenonen, Suvi; Jensen, Per Anker; Lindahl, Göran

    2014-01-01

    Purpose This paper aims to draft a knowledge map of the fragmented and multidisciplinary research of and relevant to FM. Facilities management knowledge map is a tool for presenting what relevant data and knowledge, a.k.a. knowledge, resides in different disciplines. Knowledge mapping is a step in creating an inventory of knowledge (i.e. the knowledge base) and developing/improving the processes of knowledge sharing in research, education and practice. Theory Knowledge mapping is discussed in...

  5. Social Media for Knowledge Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyrby, Signe

    2013-01-01

    Technologies for management of knowledge have been a recurring topic for many organizations when it comes to facilitating knowledge creation and sharing among employees. Existing research in the field reveal application of many different tools and practices serving knowledge management purposes...... of social media as a tool for knowledge management presents an interesting addition to existing knowledge management initiatives. In this research in progress paper, social media for knowledge management is explored through investigating the research question, how can social media influence knowledge...... management practices in organizations? The investigation builds on a theoretical reflection of the concepts of knowledge management practices and social media. The method for the theoretical investigation is based in the outline of core literature perspectives dealing with knowledge management practices...

  6. Knowledge management at ELETRONUCLEAR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The paper describes the Knowledge Management (KM) activities at ELETRONUCLEAR, owner and operator of nuclear power plants in Brazil. Systematic measures to preserve its essential technological know-how have been taken, especially in view of personnel attrition due to ageing. A special project was established in January 2001 for this purpose. The first phase consisted in the identification of the extent and location of the existing know-how, with existing and future gaps in the essential know-how being identified and evaluated. A multidisciplinary team was established to implement the Project. The team interacted with experts both in Brazil and abroad to achieve a sound technical basis for the work, in terms of Knowledge Management techniques. The results of the know-how survey are stored in an electronic data bank, which facilitates preparation of several types of reports, according to various criteria. A second phase was performed in 2002, involving an in-depth analysis of the results of the survey. Proposals for solutions to fill in the know-how gaps were set up, comprising both a short-term and a long-term time frame. A third phase is under way (2003/4), consisting of measures to establish Knowledge Management (KM) as a permanent activity in the Company. In particular, methods to elicit tacit knowledge from departing (esp. retiring) experts are being developed This work was the first by ELETRONUCLEAR in the field of Knowledge Management. Although the work was performed with ELETRONUCLER's own staff, discussions with persons and institutions acquainted with this relatively new field, especially in the nuclear area, were very important for the implementation of the Project. In particular, cooperation with EPRI (Electric Power Research Institute, USA) was very instrumental to the attainment of its objectives. Eletronuclear and EPRI have maintained a close working relationship during the last years during which EPRI created an innovative process and

  7. Competence and Knowledge Management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main objective of a nuclear regulatory body is to ensure that the nuclear energy applications fulfill the aspect of safety, security and safeguards to protect people and the environment from hazards associated with nuclear facilities or nuclear materials. Therefore, staff competencies of the regulatory body are essential and should be maintained. The continued control of nuclear facilities is needed. In addition, the retirement age of the employees should be calculated as part of human resource planning. In this context, knowledge management has a major role in transferring knowledge to ensure that nuclear energy and its associated technologies can be used safely and that society has greater confidence and trust in the regulator. The nuclear industry can then be assured that it is being regulated competently and fairly. (author)

  8. Knowledge management and organizational learning

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    Knowledge management (KM) is a set of relatively new organizational activities. This volume presents some 20 papers organized into five sections covering basic concepts of knowledge management. The volume editor is an esteemed name in the field..

  9. Islamic Conceptualisation of Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    M. B.H. Yaakub

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement: This study is an attempt to address "The Fundamental Theory of Knowledge Management" from Islamic point of views, to draw the notion of Islamic Worldview" of knowledge, especially in terms of understanding its nature in the reality of knowledge society as a step toward conceptualizing Islamic Knowledge Management" (IKM) as an answer to the uncertainty situation of contemporary knowledge development, management and utilization especially for Muslim u...

  10. A DISTRIBUTED PROGNOSTIC HEALTH MANAGEMENT ARCHITECTURE

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This paper introduces a generic distributed prognostic health management (PHM) architecture with specific application to the electrical power systems domain....

  11. WIDE - A Distributed Architecture for Workflow Management

    OpenAIRE

    S. Ceri; Grefen, P.W.P.J.; G. Sánchez

    1997-01-01

    This paper presents the distributed architecture of the WIDE workflow management system. We show how distribution and scalability are obtained by the use of a distributed object model, a client/server architecture, and a distributed workflow server architecture. Specific attention is paid to the extended transaction support and active rule support subarchitectures.

  12. Knowledge Management Based on ERP

    OpenAIRE

    Qian Feng; Yuanyuan Huang

    2009-01-01

    In an information explosive era, knowledge management has become a hot field in enterprise informatization. In order to adapt to the competitive environment, it is now an urgent task to add knowledge management to ERP system and integrate learning and innovation on the platform of enterprise information system based on ERP. This paper focuses on knowledge management based on ERP and introduces a knowledge management system: KRM.

  13. SW Architecture for Access to Medical Information for Knowledge Execution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Suntae; Shim, Bingu; Kim, Jeong Ah; Cho, Insook

    Recently, many approaches have been studied to author medical knowledge and verify doctor's diagnosis based on the specified knowledge. During the verification, intensive access to medical information is unavoidable. Also, the access approach should consider modifiability in order to cover diverse medical information from the variety of hospitals. This paper presents an approach to generating query language from medical knowledge, and shows software architecture for accessing medical information from hospitals by executing generated query languages. Implementation of this architecture has been deployed in a hospital of South Korea so that it shows the feasibility of the architecture.

  14. Knowledge to Manage the Knowledge Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minati, Gianfranco

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this research is to make evident the inadequateness of concepts and language based on industrial knowledge still used in current practices by managers to cope with problems of the post-industrial societies characterised by non-linear process of emergence and acquisition of properties. The purpose is to allow management to…

  15. Distributed Knowledge Management in Extranets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Mogens Kühn; Larsen, Michael Holm

    1999-01-01

    Knowledge management exchange schemes based on symmetric incentives are rarely found in the literature. The distributed knowledge model relies upon a double loop knowledge conversion decision support system with symmetric incentives in an extranet. The model merges specific knowledge with knowledge...

  16. Bridging: The Spatial Construction of Knowledge in Architectural Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaske Havik

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This contribution proposes an interdisciplinary approach to architectural research, and states that composition is a methodological act of research. It will first argue that architectural research and practice can gain from a multi-perspectival approach, bringing in knowledge from different fields – in this case the field of literature.Referring to the author’s recently finished dissertation, it proposes a literary approach to architecture and the city, and explains how the ambiguities of architecture (subject-object, author-user and reality-fiction can be addressed by literary means. Then, it makes clear that bringing together knowledge from different fields requires an act of composition. It argues that knowledge can be seen as a spatial construction rather than a linear one, and that the mediating capacity of the architect offers researchers with a background in architecture the possibility to develop such spatial research compositions.

  17. Bridging: The Spatial Construction of Knowledge in Architectural Research

    OpenAIRE

    Klaske Havik

    2012-01-01

    This contribution proposes an interdisciplinary approach to architectural research, and states that composition is a methodological act of research. It will first argue that architectural research and practice can gain from a multi-perspectival approach, bringing in knowledge from different fields – in this case the field of literature.Referring to the author’s recently finished dissertation, it proposes a literary approach to architecture and the city, and explains how the ambiguities of arc...

  18. Versus. Heritage for tomorrow. Vernacular Knowledge for Sustainable Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Correia, Mariana; Dipasquale, Letizia; Mecca, Saverio

    2014-01-01

    Vernacular architecture represents a great resource that has considerable potential to define principles for sustainable design and contemporary architecture. Traditional architecture and its methods and strategies are undervalued and unemployed in new construction. Nevertheless, very important princi- ples and components can be learned from this heritage, to be applied nowadays, in sustainable archi- tecture. The project’sVerSus main aim is to gain knowledge from the fundamental lessons ...

  19. Knowledge Management: Usefulness of Knowledge to Organizational Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Roy L.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the level of knowledge-usefulness to organizational managers. The determination of the level of usefulness provided organizational managers with a reliable measure of their decision-making. Organizational workers' perceptions of knowledge accessibility, quality of knowledge content, timeliness, and user…

  20. Managing technical debt in software architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Zengyang

    2015-01-01

    Architectural technical debt (ATD) is mainly incurred by architecture decisions that intentionally or unintentionally compromise system-wide quality attributes, particularly maintainability and evolvability. ATD needs to be systematically managed in an appropriate manner, in order to improve the health of the software architecture and optimize the cost of system maintenance and evolution in the long term. Currently, there is a lack of an overall process for systematically managing ATD, as wel...

  1. Knowledge management model for teleconsulting in telemedicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pico, Lilia Edith Aparicio; Cuenca, Orlando Rodriguez; Alvarez, Daniel José Salas; Salgado, Piere Augusto Peña

    2008-01-01

    The present article shows a study about requirements for teleconsulting in a telemedicine solution in order to create a knowledge management system. Several concepts have been found related to the term teleconsulting in telemedicine which will serve to clear up their corresponding applications, potentialities, and scope. Afterwards, different theories about the art state in knowledge management have been considered by exploring methodologies and architectures to establish the trends of knowledge management and the possibilities of using them in teleconsulting. Furthermore, local and international experiences have been examined to assess knowledge management systems focused on telemedicine. The objective of this study is to obtain a model for developing teleconsulting systems in Colombia because we have many health-information management systems but they don't offer telemedicine services for remote areas. In Colombia there are many people in rural areas with different necessities and they don't have medicine services, teleconsulting will be a good solution to this problem. Lastly, a model of a knowledge system is proposed for teleconsulting in telemedicine. The model has philosophical principles and architecture that shows the fundamental layers for its development. PMID:18560075

  2. Management of nuclear knowledge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IAEA Technical Meeting (TM) on the 'Role of universities in preserving and managing nuclear knowledge' was held in Vienna, Austria, 10-14 December 2007. This TM is the continuation of IAEA efforts to address future workforce demand developments, quality and quantity of nuclear higher education in member states. IAEA activities always focussed in particular on curricula, on networking universities and on internet platforms. The objective of this meeting was to provide a forum to present and discuss the status of and good practices of nuclear higher education in member states. Around twenty experts from different member states presented the status and on-going practices of nuclear education. This meeting was divided into two main sections: part A gave the status of nuclear education in the member states while part B included the best practices and recommendations. A summary of both sessions are provided in this report. (Nevyjel)

  3. Knowledge management at ELETRONUCLEAR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ELETRONUCLEAR, a state-owned company responsible for design, construction, ownership and operation of nuclear power plants in Brazil, is applying systematic measures to preserve its essential technological know-how. A special project called 'Determination of Technological Know-How of ELETRONUCLEAR' was established in January 2001 for this purpose. The extent and location of the existing know-how was identified and the gaps in the essential know-how were evaluated. A multidisciplinary team was established to implement the project. The team interacted with experts both in Brazil and abroad to achieve a sound technical basis as far as knowledge identification and preservation techniques are concerned. The results of this know-how survey were stored in an electronic data bank, which facilitated the creation of several types of reports, according to various criteria. An in-depth analysis of the survey pointed to the gaps in essential know-how. Proposals for solutions to fill in the know-how gaps were set up, comprising both short-term, as well as long-term, solutions. This project was the first work by ELETRONUCLEAR in the field of Knowledge Management. An indirect consequence was the creation of a nucleus of personnel competent in this new discipline, which had a multiplying effect throughout ELETRONUCLEAR, allowing the execution of other new projects in KM. (author)

  4. Corporate leadership and knowledge management

    OpenAIRE

    Petković Mirjana; Aleksić-Mirić Ana; Božinović Ivana

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to investigate the role of managers with leadership potentials in knowledge management within organization. This aim is further developed through the research questions: (1) Does leadership have important role in knowledge management? (2) Under which conditions leadership influences knowledge management and what is the direction of this influence? (3) Which elements of the leadership, skills and virtues of the leader, are important and what roles do they have in...

  5. Knowledge Map of Facilities Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nenonen, Suvi; Jensen, Per Anker; Lindahl, Göran

    2014-01-01

    profession, research and education. The knowledge map aims to contrast perspectives on how to map interdisciplinary research. Design/methodology/approach The Knowledge map is based on classification of 83 articles, including volume 2013 of Facilities (40 articles) and of Journal of Facilities Management (21...... articles) and all volumes (2010-2013) of International Journal of Facility Management (22 articles), except 2013, issue 3. Findings . The Knowledge map integrates eight different disciplines. Management is still the dominant discipline followed by engineering. Originality/value . Based on knowledge maps......Purpose This paper aims to draft a knowledge map of the fragmented and multidisciplinary research of and relevant to FM. Facilities management knowledge map is a tool for presenting what relevant data and knowledge, a.k.a. knowledge, resides in different disciplines. Knowledge mapping is a step...

  6. Knowledge Management Strategyfor SMEs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kitimaporn choochote

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In Thailand, as in other developing countries, the focus was on the large industry first, since governments assumed that large enterprises could generate more employment. However, there has been a realization that the SMEs are the biggest group in the country and are significantly important to the process of social and economic development. This realization has prompted Thailand to institute mechanisms to support and protect SMEs consist of manufacturing, merchandising (wholesale & retail and service businesses. Unfortunately, most of these SMEs lack capability in operational areas such as technology, management, marketing, and finance when compared to large enterprises. In order to adapt and survive SMEs need full and proper support from the government. To aid in their adaptation and survival, SMEs and government must develop their knowledge management framework to effectively harness their past and present experiences, and anticipate the future evolution of their commercial environment. In most countries, SMEs are the biggest source of export even in normal circumstances. Consequently, the state and SMEs have to focus and work hard to their ensure survival.

  7. An Architectural Modelfor Intelligent Network Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗军舟; 顾冠群; 费翔

    2000-01-01

    Traditional network management approach involves the management of each vendor's equipment and network segment in isolation through its own proprietary element management system. It is necessary to set up a new network management architecture that calls for operation consolidation across vendor and technology boundaries. In this paper, an architectural model for Intelligent Network Management (INM) is presented. The INM system includes a manager system, which controls all subsystems and coordinates different management tasks; an expert system, which is responsible for handling particularly difficult problems, and intelligent agents, which bring the management closer to applications and user requirements by spreading intelligent agents through network segments or domain. In the expert system model proposed, especially an intelligent fault management system is given.The architectural model is to build the INM system to meet the need of managing modern network systems.

  8. Corporate leadership and knowledge management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petković Mirjana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to investigate the role of managers with leadership potentials in knowledge management within organization. This aim is further developed through the research questions: (1 Does leadership have important role in knowledge management? (2 Under which conditions leadership influences knowledge management and what is the direction of this influence? (3 Which elements of the leadership, skills and virtues of the leader, are important and what roles do they have in knowledge management? The paper is based on the field investigation, employing interviews and survey as the research techniques, on the random sample of Serbian companies.

  9. Investigating the Knowledge Management Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stylianou, Vasso; Savva, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    Knowledge Management (KM) efforts aim at leveraging an organization into a knowledge organization thereby presenting knowledge employees with a very powerful tool; organized valuable knowledge accessible when and where needed in flexible, technologically-enhanced modes. The attainment of this aim, i.e., the transformation into a knowledge…

  10. Knowledge management - a programmatic view

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation give a programmatic view of knowledge management in the nuclear industry. A knowledge management program must deal with forecasting needs, acquisition, retention, training and supporting elements of culture, process, codification error prevention, information management and networks to reduce exposure

  11. Knowledge Management and Intellectual Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bukh, Per Nikolaj; Skovvang Christensen, Karina; Mouritsen, Jan

    From various angles and perspectives this book shows how knowledge management is actually practised in many different European firms. New dimensions of well-known management principles and concepts emerge by focusing on knowledge. Leading researchers and experts from European business schools offer...... new insight into the range of practical problems that can be addressed and methods that can be applied when knowledge is put on the management agenda....

  12. Organizational environment for knowledge management

    OpenAIRE

    Nadia Mironova

    2012-01-01

    The research presented in this article is based on the modern concept of knowledge management and its dissemination. The concept is distinguished by complexity and considers the strong impact of organizational environment and organizational practices upon the process of knowledge management. The subject of the research is the impact of essential factors of the environment (culture, technology, practices) on the distinct stages of the knowledge management process in Bulgarian companies. The em...

  13. Control architectures for IT management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper summaries the three financial control architectures for IT department in an enterprise or organization, they are unallocated cost center, allocated cost center and profit center, analyses the characteristics of them and in the end gives the detailed suggestions for choosing these control architectures. (authors)

  14. Document Management vs. Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    Sergiu JECAN

    2008-01-01

    Most large organizations have been investing in various disconnected management technologies during the past few years. Efforts to improve management have been especially noticeable over the last 18-24 months, as organizations try to tame the chaos behind their public internet and internal intranet sites. More recently, regulatory concerns have reawakened interest in records management, archiving and document management. In addition, organizations seeking to increase innovation and overall em...

  15. NEW ARCHITECTURE OF IP QOS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiao Li; Cui Yidong; Lin Yu; Wang Wendong; Cheng Shiduan

    2006-01-01

    Based on the analysis of current Quality of Service (QoS) management on IP network, new generation of QoS architecture QoSAF is proposed. QoSAF is divided into three layers: resource control layer, network service layer and business layer. QoS management is accomplished by interactivity of layers. In this architecture, mechanism of feedback control enhances the functions of resource management and system monitoring. The principle of design and logical architecture of system is discussed in detail.

  16. Risk Management In Perspective Of Knowledge Management A Brief Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rehman, Zobia; Kifor, Claudiu V.

    2015-09-01

    This article explains the application of knowledge management for project risk management in industry. Combination of knowledge management and risk management is becoming a dire need for industries nowadays, because it has become necessary to make information reach timely to its destined users to achieve the desired goals. Quick decisions are needed throughout a project life cycle to mitigate or avoid a risk, but they are only possible when knowledge about it is in hand and can be inferred for fruitful decisions. Quality engineers make huge effort in analyzing and mitigating the risk and prepare various documents about different risk management stages. But this knowledge resides in documents or underutilized databases without any relation to each other that makes it useless for complex decision making. This article shall explain how knowledge management activities are helpful in risk management and the advantages of their fusion. It will also present a conceptual architecture of an Information Technology based solution for risk management and knowledge management combination.

  17. Knowledge management in the firm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Palle; Nielsen, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to set focus on, and discuss the concept of knowledge, and show how the interrelations between knowledge and other concepts, such as learning, have become a decisive element in managing human resources and firm performance. Design/methodology/approach – The...... dimensions of knowledge management are identified and related to learning, organizational configurations, human resources management and institutional environments in order to identify and percent the most important approaches to knowledge management and the development over time. Findings – Creating......, transforming and utilizing various kinds of knowledge as a firm-specific asset is a very important element of firm competitiveness and innovative performance. In managing knowledge learning and innovation learning approaches are central. The paper identifies various approaches to learning and strategies to...

  18. Knowledge management by wikis

    CERN Document Server

    Spek, Sander

    2008-01-01

    Wikis provide a new way of collaboration and knowledge sharing. Wikis are software that allows users to work collectively on a web-based knowledge base. Wikis are characterised by a sense of anarchism, collaboration, connectivity, organic development and self-healing, and they rely on trust. We list several concerns about applying wikis in professional organisation. After these concerns are met, wikis can provide a progessive, new knowledge sharing and collaboration tool.

  19. SOA – AN ARCHITECTURE FOR MANAGEMENT BUSINESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALESSANDRO ROBERTO LUCENA1

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This work aims to present a study on Services Oriented Architecture – SOA components and to show how this architecture can contribute to integrate distributed systems, in private and government organizations, considering their need of using multiple information systems to accomplish their activities. Concepts related to these architectures, their components, implementation requirements, usage advantages and disadvantages, as well as a study of two examples of SOA architecture in government organizations will also be presented: the Interoperability Standards for Electronic Government (Padrões de Interoperabilidade de Governo Eletrônico - e-PING, and the Integrated Management System (Sistema de Gestão Integrada– SGI.

  20. Architecture for Integrated System Health Management Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Managing the health of vehicle, crew, and habitat systems is a primary function of flight controllers today. We propose to develop an architecture for automating...

  1. The Ragnarok Architectural Software Configuration Management Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Henrik Bærbak

    1999-01-01

    The architecture is the fundamental framework for designing and implementing large scale software, and the ability to trace and control its evolution is essential. However, many traditional software configuration management tools view 'software' merely as a set of files, not as an architecture....... This introduces an unfortunate impedance mismatch between the design domain (architecture level) and configuration management domain (file level.) This paper presents a software configuration management model that allows tight version control and configuration management of the architecture of a...... software system. Essential features of the model have been implemented in a research prototype, Ragnarok. Two years of experience using Ragnarok in three, real, small- to medium sized, projects is reported. The conclusion is that the presented model is viable, feels 'natural' for developers, and provides...

  2. The KMAT: Benchmarking Knowledge Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Jager, Martha

    Provides an overview of knowledge management and benchmarking, including the benefits and methods of benchmarking (e.g., competitive, cooperative, collaborative, and internal benchmarking). Arthur Andersen's KMAT (Knowledge Management Assessment Tool) is described. The KMAT is a collaborative benchmarking tool, designed to help organizations make…

  3. Knowledge management systems in practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tørning, Kristian

    which has the strategy of working with knowledge in the form of "best practices" meant to boost performance. The thesis explores the situation that workers are in, since they are meant to share and develop "best practices" knowledge in a portal based Knowledge Management System (KMS). The study...... indentifies a set of problems that prevents knowledge sharing from taking place to the degree to which management was specifically aiming. It was explored whether these problems could, to some degree, be mitigated by employing persuasive design, which is a new stance towards design where the aim is to...... directly seek to change the user's behavior, i.e., persuading more knowledge sharing. The main contribution is an indication of an anomaly with regards to the strategic approach towards knowledge management, where knowledge sharing is seen as an effort by which companies can gain a competitive advantage by...

  4. An Architecture for Open Learning Management Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Avgeriou, Paris; Retalis, Simos; Skordalakis, Manolis

    2003-01-01

    There exists an urgent demand on defining architectures for Learning Management Systems, so that high-level frameworks for understanding these systems can be discovered, and quality attributes like portability, interoperability, reusability and modifiability can be achieved. In this paper we propose a prototype architecture aimed to engineer Open Learning Management Systems, that professes state-of-the-art software engineering techniques such as layered structure and component-based nature. O...

  5. Temporal Convergence for Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    Christopher Phillip Martin; Wayne Philp; William P Hall

    2008-01-01

    Time and knowledge have tended to be conceptualised in conventional knowledge management systems as either ‘timeless’ recordings of procedures, or time-stamped records of past events and states. The concept of temporal convergence was previously developed to help apply knowledge-management theory to complex military processes such as commander’s intent, shared situation awareness, and self-synchronisation. This paper clarifies the concept and introduces several others in forming a framework t...

  6. The nonsense of 'knowledge management'

    OpenAIRE

    T.D. Wilson

    2002-01-01

    Examines critically the origins and basis of 'knowledge management', its components and its development as a field of consultancy practice. Problems in the distinction between 'knowledge' and 'information' are explored, as well as Polanyi's concept of 'tacit knowing'. The concept is examined in the journal literature, the Web sites of consultancy companies, and in the presentation of business schools. The conclusion is reached that 'knowledge management' is an umbrella term for a variety of o...

  7. Knowledge Management efforts in Teams

    OpenAIRE

    Keikotlhaile, Ronald Tebogo

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to find the balance between teams and communities of practice in knowledge management. Lopez-Nicolas and Meroño-Cerdán (2009) among others, state that knowledge management is source of sustainable competitive advantage for firms. However McDermott and Wenger argue that to leverage knowledge, organisations need both teams and communities of practice. Communities of practices are informal, self-organising sub-organisational units where employees meet like minded pe...

  8. Managing the Knowledge Society Construction

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco José GARCÍA-PEÑALVO

    2014-01-01

    [EN] Our current society is characterized by the strategic importance of the knowledge. Managing the knowledge within an institution is a strategic activity for company survival, independently of the kind of business or activity area in which it may be involved. This special issue presents four different proposals of knowledge management with clear strategic foundations. One it is oriented to analyze the impact of demographic change in Information Technology departments in order t...

  9. Product Knowledge Modelling and Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Y.; MacCallum, K. J.; Duffy, Alex

    1996-01-01

    function-oriented design. Both Specific Product Knowledge and Product Domain Knowledge are modelled at two levels, a meta-model and an information-level.Following that, a computer-based scheme to manage the proposed product lknowledge models within a dynamically changing environment is presented.......The term, Product Knowledge is used to refer to two related but distinct concepts; the knowledge of a specific product (Specific Product Knowledge) and the knowledge of a product domain (Product Domain Knowledge). Modelling and managing Product Knowlege is an essential part of carrying out design.......A scheme is presented in this paper to model, i.e. classify, structure and formalise the product knowledge for the purpose of supporting function-oriented design. The product design specification and four types of required attributes of a specific product have been identified to form the Specific Product...

  10. Architectural mismatch issues in identity management deployment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Mads Schaarup

    2010-01-01

    Integrating Commercial Off-The-Shelf products in a company's software product portfolio offers business value, but introduces challenges from a software architecture perspective. In this paper, the research challenges in relation to identity management in the Danish municipality administration...... system called Opus, are outlined. Opus BRS is the identity management part of Opus. Opus integrates SAP, legacy mainframe systems, and other third party systems of the individual municipality. Each of these systems define their own software architecture and access control model, leading to architectural...

  11. Increase Productivity Through Knowledge Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gavrikova, N. A.; Dolgih, I. N.; Dyrina, E. N.

    2016-04-01

    Increase in competition level requires companies to improve the efficiency of work force use characterized by labor productivity. Professional knowledge of staff and its experience play the key role in it. The results of Extrusion Line operator’s working time analysis are performed in this article. The analysis revealed that the reasons of working time ineffective use connected with inadequate information exchange and knowledge management in the company. Authors suggest the way to solve this problem: the main sources of knowledge in engineering enterprise have been defined, the conditions of success and the stages of knowledge management control have been stated.

  12. When Open Architecture Beats Closed: The Entrepreneurial Use of Architectural Knowledge

    OpenAIRE

    Baldwin, Carliss Y.

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes how entrepreneurial firms can use superior architectural knowledge to open up a technical system to gain strategic advantage. The strategy involves, first, identifying "bottlenecks" in the existing system, and then creating a new open architecture that isolates the bottlenecks in modules and allows others to connect to the system at key interfaces. An entrepreneurial firm with limited financial resources can then focus on supplying superior bottleneck modules, and while o...

  13. Islamic Conceptualisation of Knowledge Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. B.H. Yaakub

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: This study is an attempt to address "The Fundamental Theory of Knowledge Management" from Islamic point of views, to draw the notion of “Islamic Worldview" of knowledge, especially in terms of understanding its nature in the reality of knowledge society as a step toward conceptualizing “Islamic Knowledge Management" (IKM as an answer to the uncertainty situation of contemporary knowledge development, management and utilization especially for Muslim user and application. To obtain this, they have to explore new techniques and processing tools that helps them harness knowledge in according to their conceptual believe system, especially in term of knowledge investigation and sharing in which help them to improve their vicegerent (VG status and humanistic relationship. Approach: Indeed, knowledge should be realised comprehensively. Thus, with the assumption that once knowledge is realized and managed, then it is possible to look at its behaviors, functions and process of development in the form of scientific realm. Hypothetically, if there were no single theory formulated to identify the nature of knowledge, then how it can be managed and achieved its goals. Results: In this regard, IKM as an Islamic system is intended for particular areas of application and objectives based on "knowledge intensive processing action" (KIPA, in which it is depending on some human expert intervention in order to establish a comprehensive and integrated organizational culture, commitments and management, or to better perform the process in producing a production, marketing campaigns, systems analysis and design and strategy in reducing operational cost and business risk, in improving decision making for strategic future development and identifying new technical approaches in problem solving, or even for the purpose to harmonize inter-cultural and personalities gaps within an organizational community. Conclusion: Obviously

  14. Social web and knowledge management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dolog, Peter; Kroetz, Markus; Schaffert, Sebastian;

    2009-01-01

    Knowledge Management is the study and practice of representing, communicating, organizing, and applying knowledge in organizations. Moreover, being used by organizations, it is inherently social. The Web, as a medium, enables new forms of communications and interactions and requires new ways...... to represent knowledge assets. It is therefore obvious that the Web will influence and change Knowledge Management, but it is very unclear what the impact of these changes will be. This chapter raises questions and discusses visions in the area that connects the Social Web and Knowledge Management – an area...... of research that is only just emerging. The World Wide Web conference 2008 in Beijing hosted a workshop on that question, bringing together researchers and practitioners to gain first insights toward answering questions of that area....

  15. Information Architecture for Quality Management Support in Hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha, Álvaro; Freixo, Jorge

    2015-10-01

    Quality Management occupies a strategic role in organizations, and the adoption of computer tools within an aligned information architecture facilitates the challenge of making more with less, promoting the development of a competitive edge and sustainability. A formal Information Architecture (IA) lends organizations an enhanced knowledge but, above all, favours management. This simplifies the reinvention of processes, the reformulation of procedures, bridging and the cooperation amongst the multiple actors of an organization. In the present investigation work we planned the IA for the Quality Management System (QMS) of a Hospital, which allowed us to develop and implement the QUALITUS (QUALITUS, name of the computer application developed to support Quality Management in a Hospital Unit) computer application. This solution translated itself in significant gains for the Hospital Unit under study, accelerating the quality management process and reducing the tasks, the number of documents, the information to be filled in and information errors, amongst others. PMID:26306878

  16. A Reference Architecture for Space Information Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattmann, Chris A.; Crichton, Daniel J.; Hughes, J. Steven; Ramirez, Paul M.; Berrios, Daniel C.

    2006-01-01

    We describe a reference architecture for space information management systems that elegantly overcomes the rigid design of common information systems in many domains. The reference architecture consists of a set of flexible, reusable, independent models and software components that function in unison, but remain separately managed entities. The main guiding principle of the reference architecture is to separate the various models of information (e.g., data, metadata, etc.) from implemented system code, allowing each to evolve independently. System modularity, systems interoperability, and dynamic evolution of information system components are the primary benefits of the design of the architecture. The architecture requires the use of information models that are substantially more advanced than those used by the vast majority of information systems. These models are more expressive and can be more easily modularized, distributed and maintained than simpler models e.g., configuration files and data dictionaries. Our current work focuses on formalizing the architecture within a CCSDS Green Book and evaluating the architecture within the context of the C3I initiative.

  17. Cross-cultural Knowledge Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorel Mihai PARASCHIV

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The success of international companies in providing high quality products and outstanding services is subject, on the one hand, to the increasing dynamic of the economic environment and on the other hand to the adoption of worldwide quality standards and procedures. As market place is becoming more and more global, products and services offered worldwide by international companies must face the multi-cultural environment challenges. These challenges manifest themselves not only at customer relationship level but also deep inside companies, at employee level. Important support in facing all these challenges has been provided at cognitive level by management system models and at technological level by information cutting edge technologies Business Intelligence & Knowledge Management Business Intelligence is already delivering its promised outcomes at internal business environment and, with the explosive deployment of public data bases, expand its analytical power at national, regional and international level. Quantitative measures of economic environment, wherever available, may be captured and integrated in companies’ routine analysis. As for qualitative data, some effort is still to be done in order to integrate measures of social, political, legal, natural and technological environment in companies’ strategic analysis. An increased difficulty is found in treating cultural differences, common knowledge making the most hidden part of any foreign environment. Managing cultural knowledge is crucial to success in cultivating and maintaining long-term business relationships in multicultural environments. Knowledge Management provides the long needed technological support for cross-cultural management in the tedious task of improving knowledge sharing in multi-national companies and using knowledge effectively in international joint ventures. The paper is approaching the conceptual frameworks of knowledge management and proposes an unified model

  18. Talent management in triadic organizational architectures

    OpenAIRE

    Marco LiCalzi; Lucia Milone

    2012-01-01

    We study a model of team problem-solving over a large solution space. Compared to the existing literature, we allow for heterogeneity both in the organizational architectures and in the agents' cognitive abilities; moreover, we introduce a more expressive performance measure. We find a robust ranking of the triadic architectures with respect to their effectiveness and provide a key recommendation for talent management in partial hierarchies.

  19. Knowledge Management Strategy in Professional Service Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Gottschalk, Petter

    2014-01-01

    Knowledge management is concerned with knowledge sharing and knowledge creation inorganizations. Knowledge management activities include creation, acquisition, identification,storage, sharing and application of knowledge. Some knowledge management activitiescontribute to exploration (i.e. discovery of new knowledge), while others contribute toexploitation (i.e. application of what is already known). Exploitation refers to solution reuse,while exploration refers to solution innovation. Exploit...

  20. Study on Knowledge Innovation Management of Enterprise

    OpenAIRE

    Yajie Gu; Liping Fu

    2009-01-01

    In knowledge economy, a key source of sustainable competitive advantage is how a company creates and shares its knowledge. Taking knowledge as the basal management factor, knowledge management emerges with the tide of knowledge economy. The ultimate purpose of knowledge management is to improve the capability of knowledge innovation. This paper firstly gives an overview of knowledge management, introduces the definition and concept, then gives detailed research on the process of knowledge inn...

  1. Knowledge Management in Academic Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adhikari, Dev Raj

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present a concept of knowledge among the campus chiefs and other university leaders to make them aware of how important knowledge management (KM) is to achieve quality education criteria. Design/methodology/approach: The approach of the article is basically conceptual and descriptive. The article was…

  2. A Knowledge Tree Model for Managing Organizational Knowledge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BAO Zhen-qiang; WANG Ning-sheng

    2002-01-01

    According to the relation of organizational knowledge, this paper analyzes the structure of organizational knowledge at first. A concept of knowledge tree is introduced and a process model of knowledge management is described by a knowledge tree. In this paper a definition of value of knowledge is given and the life cycle of a knowledge tree is analyzed. Finally, some principles for knowledge management are presented.

  3. A Flexible Fault Management Architecture for Cluster Flight Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Emergent Space Technologies proposes to develop a flexible, service-oriented Fault Management (FM) architecture for cluster fight missions. This FM architecture...

  4. Social Architecture: An Emergency Management Case Study

    OpenAIRE

    Asif Qumer Gill; Sultana Lubna Alam; Jessica Eustace

    2015-01-01

    Emergency management agencies are progressively using social media for the sourcing and distribution of disaster information. Emergency management agencies are often unsure as to how to best identify and assess social media concerns (e.g. information security, trust) which must be addressed to develop a social media-enabled disaster information management environment. This paper adopts the Social Architecture Viewpoint Assessment (SAVA) framework for identifying and assessing social media con...

  5. Turning Search into Knowledge Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufman, David

    2002-01-01

    Discussion of knowledge management for electronic data focuses on creating a high quality similarity ranking algorithm. Topics include similarity ranking and unstructured data management; searching, categorization, and summarization of documents; query evaluation; considering sentences in addition to keywords; and vector models. (LRW)

  6. The Politics of Management Knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clegg, Stewart R., Ed.; Palmer, Gill, Ed.

    This book recognizes the political nature of management knowledge, as a discourse produced from, and reproducing, power processes within and between organizations. Critical examinations of certain current management theories--lean production, excellence, entrepreneurship--are examples of relations of power that intermingle with relations of…

  7. SERVICE ORIENTED CONFIGURATION MANAGEMENT OF SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Razie Alidoosti

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Software configuration management (SCM is an important activity in the software engineering life cycle. SCM by control of the evolution process of products leads to constancy and stability in software systems. Nowadays, use of software configuration management is essential during the process of software development as rules to control and manage the evolution of software systems. SCM effects different levels of abstraction included the architectural level. Configuration of software architecture causes improvement in the configuration of the lower abstraction levels. CM of software architecture is more significant in large scale software with longevity of life cycle. Traditional SCM approaches, at the architectural level, do not provided the necessary support to software configuration management, so systems that use these approaches are faced with problems. These problems arise because of the lack of a serious constant and repeated changes in the software process. To overcome this it is necessary to create an infrastructure. Hence, a service oriented approach for configuration management is presented in this paper. In this approach, the activities of configuration management are conducted from a service oriented viewpoint. This approach was also used to try and control the evolution and number of versions of different software systems in order to identify, organize and control change and reforms during the production process. This approach can compose services and create composite services for new undefined activities of configuration.

  8. Temporal Convergence for Knowledge Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Phillip Martin

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Time and knowledge have tended to be conceptualised in conventional knowledge management systems as either ‘timeless’ recordings of procedures, or time-stamped records of past events and states. The concept of temporal convergence was previously developed to help apply knowledge-management theory to complex military processes such as commander’s intent, shared situation awareness, and self-synchronisation. This paper clarifies the concept and introduces several others in forming a framework to assist discussion and exploration of the types of knowledge required for complex endeavours, such as warfighting, characterised by opposition and uncertainty. The approach is grounded in a pragmatist philosophy and constructivist epistemology. Argument proceeds along mathematical lines from a basis that the types of knowledge most valuable to goal-directed agents in uncertain environments can be modelled as directed graph topologies. The framework is shown to be useful in describing and reasoning about the knowledge requirements and prerequisites for distributed decision-making through the sharing of situational knowledge and common intentions, with practical application to the planning and execution of operations. To the designers of knowledge management systems seeking to address this space, it presents a challenge that cannot be addressed merely by construction, storage, search and retrieval of documents and records pertaining to the past.

  9. Staff management, training and knowledge management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Staff management/training and knowledge management are organisational issues that are particularly sensitive in long-term projects stretching over decades like the development and operation of a geological repository. The IAEA has already issued several publications that deal with this issue (IAEA, 2006, 2008). Organisational aspects were also discussed in the framework of a topical session organised by the Integration Group for the Safety Case (IGSC) at its annual meeting in 2009 and were regarded as a topic deserving future attention (NEA, 2009a). More recently, the Forum on Stakeholder Confidence (FSC) identified organisational, mission and behavioural features as attributes of confidence and trust (NEA, 2013). They also identified that aspects such as structural learning capacity, high levels of skill and competence in relevant areas, specific management plan, good operating records, transparency and consistency are associated with confidence building in a safety case. These aspects are considerably related to staff training/management and knowledge management. The IGSC has initiated a proposal of study dedicated to staff training/management and knowledge management with the objective to highlight how these recent concerns and the requirements issued by the IAEA are concretely implemented in the national programmes. The goal of this study is to acknowledge the differences of views and needs for staff management and knowledge management at different stages of individual programmes and between implementer and regulator. As a starting point to this study, the JAEA and ONDRAF/NIRAS prepared a draft questionnaire in order to succinctly capture processes and tools that the national organisations have implemented to meet the requirements and address the issues set out in the field of staff and knowledge management. For the purpose of this study, a questionnaire is now under development, which will be presented on the occasion of this symposium with guidance based on a

  10. Innovation Management and Knowledge Economics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    This paper includes three parts: (1) The main characteristics of knowledge economics in new era; (2) Innovation management is an inevitable trend; (3) Corporate culture lead literary excellence. With the advance of science technique and development of productive force , huma nity entered on knowledge economics era.It is a new social economic pattern that occupy and coordinate intellectual resources and causes some essential changes of produce method. Investment pattern, industrial construction, throug...

  11. Knowledge Management for Grinding Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Alabed, Asmaa

    2011-01-01

    This thesis describes an investigation concerned with development of a grinding knowledge warehouse system (GKWS). Based on a study of previous work on knowledge management and technique for a selection of grinding conditions, the thesis proposes a novel methodology to deal with missing data in surface and cylindrical grinding using Genetic Programming. The GKWS provides a guided tool for users to support the decision-making process to provide suggestions for selecting grinding condition...

  12. Organizational Knowledge Management Movement Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Alen Badal

    2013-01-01

    Organizational behaviour is often dependent on the strategic movement of internal knowledge for success. Organizational knowledge management methodologies require the involvement of stakeholders. In large organizations, involved stakeholders shall be selected by the entire membership. Key involvement roles and considerations should be offered to/involve the ‘least likely to participate’. Suck stakeholders often possess the most influential power to move the stakeholders; if not, they demonstr...

  13. An Architecture for Open Learning Management Systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Avgeriou, Paris; Retalis, Simos; Skordalakis, Manolis

    2003-01-01

    There exists an urgent demand on defining architectures for Learning Management Systems, so that high-level frameworks for understanding these systems can be discovered, and quality attributes like portability, interoperability, reusability and modifiability can be achieved. In this paper we propose

  14. Improving Knowledge Sharing in an Open Informal Network: Knowledge Management in Open Coffee

    OpenAIRE

    Mihai, Adrian

    2009-01-01

    The 21st century opened a new era in communications bringing in faster, more efficient and more advanced information and communication technologies than ever. New ideas and innovations, as well as interactions and collaborations determine the landscape of knowledge and consequently add new requirements to the know-how. The creators of knowledge and design add new communication architecture bodies through the use of technology. Meanwhile knowledge management inspires 21st century enterprise...

  15. The Architecture of Financial Risk Management Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Iosif ZIMAN

    2013-01-01

    The architecture of systems dedicated to risk management is probably one of the more complex tasks to tackle in the world of finance. Financial risk has been at the center of attention since the explosive growth of financial markets and even more so after the 2008 financial crisis. At multiple levels, financial companies, financial regulatory bodies, governments and cross-national regulatory bodies, all have put the subject of financial risk in particular and the way it is calculated, managed...

  16. The NEA knowledge management project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Over the last 50 years significant knowledge has been accumulated in nuclear technology. This knowledge can be categorized as explicit and tacit. Explicit knowledge includes documented information while tacit knowledge refers to the knowledge acquired by experts over a long time and is more difficult to capture. The goals of knowledge management program are to retain explicit and tacit knowledge, encourage sharing of this knowledge, create and facilitate communities of practice and insure that knowledge is easy to find and readily accessible. The NEA committees have had extensive involvement in the accumulation of technical information in the scientific research, engineering studies, state of the art reports and many other endeavours that contribute to the technical basis for many safety and technology decisions. Many of the NEA reports (SOARs, Survey reports on safety topics, etc.) are in fact examples of knowledge management activities. The NEA committees' working groups are an excellent example of communities of practice. Over the past decade or more there has been an erosion of scientific resources due to reductions in budgets, aging and retirement of many outstanding scientists, engineers and managers, loss of experimental facilities and reductions in educational programs in nuclear engineering. The NEA has fully recognized this concern and has published many reports on this topic (e.g. Nuclear Education and Training: Cause for Concern?, Future Nuclear Regulatory Challenges). With the industry push to reduce conservatisms in decisions and increased interest in building new nuclear power plants it becomes imperative that additional mechanisms be developed to make available both the tacit and the explicit knowledge to the new generation of engineers and scientists for safety and technology decisions. The NEA strategic plan (also the individual committees' strategic plans) recognizes the importance of this issue and recommends: - Promote the transfer

  17. Application of Knowledge Management in Customer Relationship Management Processes

    OpenAIRE

    Vahid Majazi Dalfard; Ahmad Jafari; Tohid Alizadeh

    2012-01-01

    Customer relationship management processes can be considered as processes with knowledge increase that their performance is affected by providing knowledge of product, markets and customers. So, using knowledge management capabilities result in taking advantage through customer knowledge flow in the processes. This article addresses knowledge management applications in customer relationship management processes. Studies showed that in general organizations use customers knowledge in customer ...

  18. Cross-Cultural Knowledge Management

    CERN Document Server

    Giudice, Manlio Del; Peruta, Maria Rosaria Della

    2012-01-01

    Cross-cultural knowledge management, an elusive yet consequential phenomenon, is becoming an increasingly essential factor in organizational practice and policy in the era of globalization. In order to overcome culturally shaped blind spots in conducting research in different settings, this volume highlights how the structuring of roles, interests, and power among different organizational elements, such as teams, departments, and management hierarchies (each comprised of members from different intellectual and professional backgrounds), generates various paradoxes and tensions that bring into

  19. Knowledge Management Processes: Storing, Searching and Sharing Knowledge in Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Päivi Haapalainen; Kirsi Pusa

    2012-01-01

    Knowledge management includes several processes, e.g., knowledge creation, knowledge storing, sharing, and using knowledge. When these processes run smoothly, an organization can confirm that information is available for users whenever needed. This is essential for organizations that sell knowledge based services. However, often these processes are not as effective as they could be. In this article the authors concentrate on the following knowledge management processes: storing, searching, an...

  20. Educating Knowledge Management Professionals in the Era of Knowledge Economy

    OpenAIRE

    Hsueh-hua Chen; Tzu-heng Chiu; Jung-Wei Fan

    2000-01-01

    The Era of knowledge Economy has come, and “knowledge” has become a key resource for enterprises. How to keep creating and utilizing new knowledge has become an important topic for modern business management. In the future, how to manage “knowledge” efficiently and effectively will be a crucial issue. However, due to differences in training backgrounds, people may have different perspectives on knowledge management; and effectiveness of knowledge management may not be maximized due to lack of...

  1. SOME CONCEPTUAL PROPERTIES FOR KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS DESIGN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasile MAZILESCU

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge Management Systems (KMS are important tools by which organizations can better useinformation and, more importantly, manage knowledge. Unlike other strategies, knowledge management (KM isdifficult to define because it encompasses a range of concepts, management tasks, technologies, and organizationalpractices, all of which come under the umbrella of the information management. Semantic approaches alloweasier and more efficient training, maintenance, and support knowledge. Current ICT markets are dominated byrelational databases and document-centric information technologies, procedural algorithmic programmingparadigms, and stack architecture. A key driver of global economic growth in the coming decade is the build-out ofbroadband telecommunications and the deployment of intelligent services bundling. This paper introduces themain characteristics of an Intelligent Knowledge Management System as a multi-agent system used in a LearningControl Problem (IKMSLCP. We describe an intelligent KM framework, allowing the observer (a human agentto learn from experience.

  2. Social Architecture: An Emergency Management Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asif Qumer Gill

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Emergency management agencies are progressively using social media for the sourcing and distribution of disaster information. Emergency management agencies are often unsure as to how to best identify and assess social media concerns (e.g. information security, trust which must be addressed to develop a social media-enabled disaster information management environment. This paper adopts the Social Architecture Viewpoint Assessment (SAVA framework for identifying and assessing social media concerns from four different viewpoints: IT, Value, Resource and Management. This paper demonstrates the use of the SAVA framework in the context of an in-depth empirical case study of an Australian emergency management agency. The results of this study indicate that the SAVA framework is useful for emergency information management managers in identifying and assessing social media concerns.

  3. Creating the Discipline of Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    Marija Petrovic-Randelovic; Jovica Stankovic

    2005-01-01

    Knowledge management is a newly emerging, interdisciplinary business model dealing with all aspects of knowledge within the context of the firm, including knowledge creation, codification, sharing, and how these activities promote learning and innovation. In practice, knowledge management encompasses both technological tools and organizational routines in overlapping parts. This paper presents discipline knowledge management from historical viewpoint, driving factors and importance of knowled...

  4. Knowledge management and the elephant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Knowledge management has come to mean many things to different groups of people, even within a single industry or sector. Its various aspects are wide-ranging and not easily brought together under a single roof. This article provides an initial glimpse into what is at stake and how the NSA is playing a role in the process. (author)

  5. The AI Bus architecture for distributed knowledge-based systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Roger D.; Stobie, Iain

    1991-01-01

    The AI Bus architecture is layered, distributed object oriented framework developed to support the requirements of advanced technology programs for an order of magnitude improvement in software costs. The consequent need for highly autonomous computer systems, adaptable to new technology advances over a long lifespan, led to the design of an open architecture and toolbox for building large scale, robust, production quality systems. The AI Bus accommodates a mix of knowledge based and conventional components, running on heterogeneous, distributed real world and testbed environment. The concepts and design is described of the AI Bus architecture and its current implementation status as a Unix C++ library or reusable objects. Each high level semiautonomous agent process consists of a number of knowledge sources together with interagent communication mechanisms based on shared blackboards and message passing acquaintances. Standard interfaces and protocols are followed for combining and validating subsystems. Dynamic probes or demons provide an event driven means for providing active objects with shared access to resources, and each other, while not violating their security.

  6. Knowledge Management in Small Firms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panyasorn, Jessada; Panteli, Niki; Powell, Philip

    This paper explores knowledge management in small and medium-sized firms (SMEs). It investigates the use of Lotus Notes in SMEs of a developing country as a counterpoint to the large firm, developed country emphasis of existing research. It develops taxonomy of Lotus Notes use within the context of different knowledge management processes; notably communicating, co-ordinating and collaborating. The study employs an interpretive approach using three case studies. The key findings suggest that publishing, searching, sharing and retrieving are the user modes for enabling sharing and storing information. Evidence of knowledge creation is found at the departmental level but not at the organizational level. Further, small firms may explore more groupware potential than large organizations and this reflects their different context. Finally, implications for further research are identified.

  7. An architecture for mobile database management system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    In order to design a new kind of mobile database management system (DBMS) more suitable for mobile computing than the existent DBMS, the essence of database systems in mobile computing is analyzed. An opinion is introduced that the mobile database is a kind of dynamic distributed database, and the concept of virtual servers to translate the clients' mobility to the servers' mobility is proposed. Based on these opinions, a kind of architecture of mobile DBMS, which is of versatility, is presented. The architecture is composed of a virtual server and a local DBMS, the virtual server is the kernel of the architecture and its functions are described. Eventually, the server kernel of a mobile DBMS prototype is illustrated.

  8. Knowledge Management Analysis: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mecha, Ezi I.; Desai, Mayur S.; Richards, Thomas C.

    2009-01-01

    It is imperative for businesses to manage knowledge and stay competitive in the marketplace. Knowledge management is critical and is a key to prevent organizations from duplicating their efforts with a subsequent improvement in their efficiency. This study focuses on overview of knowledge management, analyzes the current knowledge management in…

  9. Total Quality Management in a Knowledge Management Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johannsen, Carl Gustav

    2000-01-01

    Presents theoretical considerations on both similarities and differences between information management and knowledge management and presents a conceptual model of basic knowledge management processes. Discusses total quality management and quality control in the context of information management. (Author/LRW)

  10. Knowledge Management Design Using Collaborative Knowledge Retrieval Function

    OpenAIRE

    Kadarsah Suryadi; Cahyono Sigit Pramudyo

    2012-01-01

    Knowledge is a key word in the information age. Organizational knowledge provides businesses with a way to compete effectively and efficiently in the market. The performance of many organizations is determined more by their knowledge than their physical assets. Capturing and representing knowledge is critical in knowledge management. The spread of organizational knowledge has made a difficulty in sharing knowledge. This problem creates a longer learning cycle. This research proposes a web bas...

  11. EMPLOYEES PERSPECTIVE OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN BANKS

    OpenAIRE

    M.Manivannan; C. Kathiravan; R. Kanthiah Alias Deepak

    2014-01-01

    Knowledge Management has become the most popular Information Management concept in corporate and academic circles. Knowledge Management is a process that transforms individual knowledge into organisational knowledge. Knowledge Management and its various aspects has become the subject of much debate amongst scholars of diverse fields. The aim of this paper is to show that through Sharing, Accumulating, Organizing and Utilizing Knowledge, service sectors can enhance empl...

  12. Research and Implementation of Architecture for Distributed Service Performance Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Jing; YIN Xiao-chuan; ZHANG Shui-ping

    2006-01-01

    An architecture for online discovery quantitative models system of service performance management is proposed. The system is capable of constructing the quantitative models without prior knowledge of the managed elements. The model can be updated continuously in response to the changes made in provider configurations and the evolution of business demands. Due to the existence of strong correlation between the distributed service metrics and response times, linear and hyper-linear quantitative models are constructed, which respectively, use stepwise multiple linear regression algorithm. The simulation results show the effectiveness of a quantitative model constructing system and model constructing algorithms.

  13. Federated Accounting Management System Architecture for Multimedia Service Usage Management

    OpenAIRE

    Bhushan, Bharat; Gringel, T.; Ryan, Conor; Leray, Eric; de Leastar, Eamonn; Cloney, James

    2002-01-01

    This white paper reports on the progress and achievements that has been made in the area of federated accounting management since the beginning of FORM project. Thus far, an architecture of federated accounting management system and information model has been design and specified using UML and XML. These both aim to be both open and adaptable, and are based on concepts and recommendations laid down by TMForum (TeleManagement Forum), IPDR (IP Detail Record), OMG (Object Management ...

  14. xmlTRAM +:an XML-based tool for management of requirements and architectures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴洁; 丁秋林

    2004-01-01

    Information systems have been increasingly used in all aspects of organization's business activities. These systems will inevitably evolve over time. The system development knowledge is a key to the understanding and evolution of these systems. As such, the system development knowledge is a part of the corporate knowledge that needs to be properly managed. In particular, the system requirements and architecture design are the most important system development knowledge. An XML-based tool for managing system requirements and architectures is introduced. The use of the XML technology allows the system requirements and architectures to be easily shared across the organization. The issues discussed include a conceptual model, a logical model and a physical model for the management of system requirements and architectures. In fact, this three-step development process provides a typical methodology for the development of XMLbased systems.

  15. Literature Review of Knowledge Management in Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭艳坤

    2015-01-01

    Knowledge management in Business is mainly about productivity,knowledge worker,knowledge workers’ problems,and the knowledge they are required to do their work.To fulfill productivities,there are five theories to tackle that problem.

  16. Developing knowledge management systems with an active expert methodology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Knowledge management, understood as the ability to store, distribute and utilize human knowledge in an organization, is the subject of this dissertation. In particular we have studied the design of methods and supporting software for this process. Detailed and systematic description of the design and development processes of three case-study implementations of knowledge management software are provided. The outcome of the projects is explained in terms of an active expert development methodology, which is centered around support for a domain expert to take substantial responsibility for the design and maintenance of a knowledge management system in a given area of application. Based on the experiences from the case studies and the resulting methodology, an environment for automatically supporting knowledge management was designed in the KNOWLEDGE-LINKER research project. The vital part of this architecture is a knowledge acquisition tool, used directly by the experts in creating and maintaining a knowledge base. An elaborated version of the active expert development methodology was then formulated as the result of applying the KNOWLEDGE-LINKER approach in a fourth case study. This version of the methodology is also accounted for and evaluated together within the supporting KNOWLEDGE-LINKER architecture. (au)

  17. Managing Corporate Risk through Better Knowledge Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neef, Dale

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: To explain how progressive companies are using a combination of knowledge and risk management (KRM) systems and techniques in order to help them to prevent, or respond most effectively to, ethical or reputation-damaging incidents. Design/methodology/approach: The paper explains KRM, develops a corporate integrity framework, and then…

  18. E-learning networked environments and architectures a knowledge processing perspective

    CERN Document Server

    Wu, Xindong; Pierre, Samuel

    2010-01-01

    This book provides state-of-the-art e-learning networked environments and architectures carried out over the last few years from a knowledge management perspective. It contains a comprehensive discussion of e-learning concepts, models, experiments and best practices. Presenting a wide-ranging survey of methods and applications from contributors from around the world, this book will be a valuable resource for researchers, practitioners and graduates.

  19. Corporate Knowledge Management: Interdisciplinary Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrei Kapterev

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Governing the professional and intellectual potential – interdisciplinary field of scientific research and a systematic process of creating, using and developing the innovation technologies of transforming the individual knowledge and specialists’ experience in such a way that would apply the knowledge and experience to the processes, services and products offered by an organization to reach its strategic goals. From the technological standpoint, governing the professional and intellectual potential represents modeling, forming, using and developing the corporate system of governing the professional and intellectual potential, including: (a corporate model of external environment and internal business processes; (b corporate information system; (c corporate knowledge management system (KMS; and (d corporate learning management system (LMS. Author considers structuring knowledge using this model rather valuable during the stage of forming the governance system of the professional and intellectual potential. Understanding, i.e., explicit definition of these factors, would allow for constant observation of the behavioral trends and for organizing the activity in a way conducive for influencing the favorable change of these factors. In addition, the presence of the critical management factor (CMF system enables one to check the significance of any activity (i.e., any processes within a company against these factors.

  20. Knowledge Economy and the Necessity of Knowledge Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru CAPATINA

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper tries to present an existing relation between knowledge economy and knowledge management. We started by emphasizing the main principles of knowledge society and the consequences that determine the movement to a new economical paradigm. Further, we discussed organization competitiveness as being a critical successfactor for modern organizations. At last we described the link between knowledge and sustainable competitiveness and presented knowledge management as the perfect “recipe” to obtain it.

  1. Knowledge Economy and the Necessity of Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandru CAPATINA; Dragos CRISTEA

    2010-01-01

    This paper tries to present an existing relation between knowledge economy and knowledge management. We started by emphasizing the main principles of knowledge society and the consequences that determine the movement to a new economical paradigm. Further, we discussed organization competitiveness as being a critical success factor for modern organizations. At last we described the link between knowledge and sustainable competitiveness and presented knowledge management as the perfect “recipe”...

  2. Strategic Knowledge Management: A Research Agenda

    OpenAIRE

    Nielsen, Bo B.

    2000-01-01

    This paper aims at identifying a new research agenda for knowledge management by challenging the existing paradigms within strategic management. By outlining the main strategic management perspectives in contemporary business literature and combining them with current knowledge management perspectives, an indication of the evolution of research pertaining to strategic knowledge management emerges. The paper concludes by offering a new, more dynamic perspective of knowledge management, focusin...

  3. Nuclear knowledge portal: Information management making possible the knowledge management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The world new economy is based on knowledge, its global and foster intangible things like: 'ideas', information and relationship. An increasing number of organizations, recently, noticed how much is important to 'know what they know' and be able to take the maximum advantage of their knowledge assets and keep them in a safe way, to be able to retrieve them in the future. According to Stewart (1998) and Sveiby (1998), the knowledge organizations are those that have structures focused on the knowledge and not on capital; those where intangible assets are much more valuable than their tangible assets; with highly skilled professionals that has a high schooling degree. The Knowledge Management (KM) is a methodology that came up from the organizations needs to organize and manage their strategic knowledge and ensure that they wouldn't be lost with collaborators leave. The KM encloses a set of tools and methods that are the core of a new communication and information society that provides solutions that relay either on the organization as in technology. Among the organization these knowledge lays on different locations, like: knowledge bases, data bases, files, portals, etc, being distributed through all the organization. The ability to manage, distribute and create knowledge with efficiency is basic to drive the organization into an advantageous position among its competence area. Davenport e Prusak (1999) say that the knowledge derives from the information on the same way that the information derives from data, once more it becomes clear that the relation between information and knowledge cannot be put apart. This relation resides on the assumption that the first is the path and the asset to the second. On the same way, the knowledge creation theory, of Nonaka and Takeuchi (1997), in which the knowledge is created from the interaction between the tacit and the explicit (information), the information facilitates and allows the knowledge construction. On this

  4. A Distributed Prognostic Health Management Architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhaskar, Saha; Saha, Sankalita; Goebel, Kai

    2009-01-01

    This paper introduces a generic distributed prognostic health management (PHM) architecture with specific application to the electrical power systems domain. Current state-of-the-art PHM systems are mostly centralized in nature, where all the processing is reliant on a single processor. This can lead to loss of functionality in case of a crash of the central processor or monitor. Furthermore, with increases in the volume of sensor data as well as the complexity of algorithms, traditional centralized systems become unsuitable for successful deployment, and efficient distributed architectures are required. A distributed architecture though, is not effective unless there is an algorithmic framework to take advantage of its unique abilities. The health management paradigm envisaged here incorporates a heterogeneous set of system components monitored by a varied suite of sensors and a particle filtering (PF) framework that has the power and the flexibility to adapt to the different diagnostic and prognostic needs. Both the diagnostic and prognostic tasks are formulated as a particle filtering problem in order to explicitly represent and manage uncertainties; however, typically the complexity of the prognostic routine is higher than the computational power of one computational element ( CE). Individual CEs run diagnostic routines until the system variable being monitored crosses beyond a nominal threshold, upon which it coordinates with other networked CEs to run the prognostic routine in a distributed fashion. Implementation results from a network of distributed embedded devices monitoring a prototypical aircraft electrical power system are presented, where the CEs are Sun Microsystems Small Programmable Object Technology (SPOT) devices.

  5. Knowledge management in nuclear facilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: In the beginning of the XXI century the nuclear energy aroused a new interest around the world. Russia, China, USA, and other countries announced their ambitious plans of its development. The main difference of present moment investigations from those when nuclear opposition was rather strong is the deficit of resources, both financial and intellectual. This deficit forms the needs in nuclear knowledge conservation and transfer. As well known, the decision of this task may be reached through the creation of a national system for nuclear-technology knowledge management. The item of knowledge is a new term, introduced for determination of notion defining a more indivisible unit in practice knowledge turnover. The unit must allow its unique identification while storing in external memory or further searching. In common, it is assumed that the knowledge item is a set of structure blocks, denoting some 'essence' of message clear for a user without additional context. For example, it may be some text denoting a full thought, picture (scheme) together with explanation details (legend, subscripts, names, etc.). It is obvious, that it can not be a separate word, because it has a different sense in a different context. It can not be a bare function line because it needs some additional description of axis, dimensions, etc. The nuclear-technology knowledge item has a complex structure because it can not be self-identified in storage media as a word, set of words or number. For its identification it is necessary to assign some additional attributes. These additional characteristics are meta-properties and do not contain the essences of knowledge item. These meta-data are used in searching, description or comparison. Meta-data are more important for a knowledge engineer than the item. Very often the item may not be stored as itself. It has only own representation as meta-data. Of course, attributes identifying the item in a context must reflect functional relations

  6. Knowledge management capacity and innovation performance

    OpenAIRE

    Niloufar Asgarian

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to study relationship between knowledge management capacity and innovation performance. Knowledge management capacity includes knowledge sharing, knowledge application, and knowledge acquisition. For innovation performance, author considers the most important indicators including administrative innovation, product innovation, and process innovation. According to research model, 9 hypotheses are developed and the results show that there is not any positive relationship...

  7. Knowledge Management in Higher Education: A Knowledge Repository Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wedman, John; Wang, Feng-Kwei

    2005-01-01

    One might expect higher education, where the discovery and dissemination of new and useful knowledge is vital, to be among the first to implement knowledge management practices. Surprisingly, higher education has been slow to implement knowledge management practices (Townley, 2003). This article describes an ongoing research and development effort…

  8. Chosen aspects of knowledge management in enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    A. Kania; M. Spilka

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: In this article the important role of knowledge management in enterprises was presented. The knowledge and workers skills are the wealth and success source of organizations on the market.Design/methodology/approach: The paper shows definitions and types of knowledge, systems and models of knowledge management and directions of knowledge acquirement and development.Findings: In this article the analysis of role and function of knowledge management in modern enterprise on the basis of ...

  9. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN A COMPANY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrică Stoica

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available All organisations are primarily interested in maintaining and increasing intellectual capital assets, and knowledge management represents only a manner of supporting the satisfaction of this interest and of laying stress on this type of assets. A mistaken conception, according to which at the level of a company there is a finite knowledge store that can be “managed”, reflects nothing but the fact that, at the beginning, many companies have overlooked the general aim of their business. The intangible part is immaterial, difficult to describe, quantify and measure. The intangible asset has and creates value and that is why the evaluation of intellectual property does not represent a simple activity. From a modern viewpoint, organisational learning does not consist only in obtaining new knowledge, but also considers its employment in carrying out the activities of the company, and so it contributes to the generation of new knowledge. The success of companies depends on the personnel’s ability to understand, manipulate and develop information. In case of epistemic economy, the improvement of the innovation capacity, the creation of value and wealth are based on the division of knowledge.

  10. Re-engineering Nascom's network management architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drake, Brian C.; Messent, David

    1994-11-01

    The development of Nascom systems for ground communications began in 1958 with Project Vanguard. The low-speed systems (rates less than 9.6 Kbs) were developed following existing standards; but, there were no comparable standards for high-speed systems. As a result, these systems were developed using custom protocols and custom hardware. Technology has made enormous strides since the ground support systems were implemented. Standards for computer equipment, software, and high-speed communications exist and the performance of current workstations exceeds that of the mainframes used in the development of the ground systems. Nascom is in the process of upgrading its ground support systems and providing additional services. The Message Switching System (MSS), Communications Address Processor (CAP), and Multiplexer/Demultiplexer (MDM) Automated Control System (MACS) are all examples of Nascom systems developed using standards such as, X-windows, Motif, and Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). Also, the Earth Observing System (EOS) Communications (Ecom) project is stressing standards as an integral part of its network. The move towards standards has produced a reduction in development, maintenance, and interoperability costs, while providing operational quality improvement. The Facility and Resource Manager (FARM) project has been established to integrate the Nascom networks and systems into a common network management architecture. The maximization of standards and implementation of computer automation in the architecture will lead to continued cost reductions and increased operational efficiency. The first step has been to derive overall Nascom requirements and identify the functionality common to all the current management systems. The identification of these common functions will enable the reuse of processes in the management architecture and promote increased use of automation throughout the Nascom network. The MSS, CAP, MACS, and Ecom projects have indicated

  11. Understanding dynamic capabilities through knowledge management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Anders Paarup

    2006-01-01

    In the paper eight knowledge management activities are identified; knowledge creation, acquisition, capture, assembly, sharing, integration, leverage and exploitation. These activities are assembled into the three dynamic capabilities of knowledge development, knowledge (re)combination and...... knowledge use. The dynamic capabilities and the associated knowledge management activities create flows to and from the firm’s stock of knowledge and they support the creation and use of organizational capabilities....

  12. Nuclear knowledge management: The GRS realisation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes the set-up of a knowledge management system at GRS. A knowledge model has been used as a guideline through the stages of knowledge-related activities, including specification of the knowledge goals, knowledge identification, acquisition, development, use, dissemination, preservation and assessment of the knowledge management system. The activities related to these stages are described. In addition, process-oriented knowledge management as a means to integrate knowledge-related activities into everyday work, and semantic technologies for modelling knowledge domains and for improving search for relevant documents are presented. (author)

  13. KM, Knowledge Management - 2/3

    OpenAIRE

    Bogliolo, Domenico

    1998-01-01

    The greater discover of Knowledge Management is that the SGML standard can be used to manage not only documents but also organization. Practised systems and artifical intelligence, though belonging to the past knowledge technology (that based on DBMS, Data Base Management System), can contribute to the present one (KBMS, Knowledge Base Management System) since they acquire, represent and manage not only data and information, but knowledge too. The key point are Information Retrieval, indexing...

  14. Knowledge management: re-thinking information management and facing the challenge of managing tacit knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suliman Al-Hawamdeh

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge management has generated much interest in recent years and has become the latest management buzz in town. Many people start wondering whether knowledge management is here to stay or it is just another consultancy fad. To put things in perspective, it is important to look at the sequence of events that led to the rise of knowledge management. The arrival of the information society and the move toward the knowledge-based economy highlighted the importance of tacit knowledge and the need to manage knowledge resources including skills and competencies. Knowledge management as a concept with people taking the centre stage has prompted us to rethink information management and shift focus from trying to develop intelligent systems to that of developing tools for intelligent people. It is this realization in my opinion that makes knowledge management attractive to many organizations. While the focus in information management  is mostly on explicit knowledge, knowledge management brings a new dimension, the need to manage tacit knowledge by focusing on people and enhance their capability by  improving communication, information transfer and collaboration.

  15. Applications of Ontologies in Knowledge Management Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rehman, Zobia; Kifor, Claudiu V.

    2014-12-01

    Enterprises are realizing that their core asset in 21st century is knowledge. In an organization knowledge resides in databases, knowledge bases, filing cabinets and peoples' head. Organizational knowledge is distributed in nature and its poor management causes repetition of activities across the enterprise. To get true benefits from this asset, it is important for an organization to "know what they know". That's why many organizations are investing a lot in managing their knowledge. Artificial intelligence techniques have a huge contribution in organizational knowledge management. In this article we are reviewing the applications of ontologies in knowledge management realm

  16. Knowledge Transfer in Collaborative Knowledge Management: A Semiotic View

    OpenAIRE

    Norbert Jastroch; Thomas Marlowe

    2010-01-01

    Codification and transfer of knowledge is essential in the practice of knowledge management. Theoretical knowledge, like scientific theories and models, by nature comes in coded representation for the explicit purpose of transfer. Practical knowledge, as involved frequently in engineering or business operations, however, is a priori uncoded, making transfer for further use or the generation of new knowledge difficult. A great deal of systems engineering effort in recent years has been focused...

  17. Managing knowledge and information on nuclear safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Described is the management of nuclear safety knowledge through education networks, knowledge pool, sharing, archiving and distributing the knowledge information. Demonstrated is the system used at Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen-und Reaktorsicherheit

  18. Knowledge management in nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article aims to show the importance of knowledge management from different perspectives. In this first part part of the article, the overall approach that performs CNAT of knowledge management is described. In the second part, a specific aspect of knowledge management in ANAV, tacit knowledge transfer is showed. finally, the third part discusses the strategies and actions that are followed in CNCO for knowledge management. All this aims to show an overview of knowledge management held in the Spanish Nuclear Power Plants. (Author)

  19. Nuclear knowledge management in Thailand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Energy from fossil fuels is reaching its limits. The prospective technologies for long term supply of the world economy with energy on a sustainable basis are varied, with widely differing promises and problems. In recent years, advocates from the Government of Thailand have promoted the use of renewable sources (such as biomass or hydropower) and inexhaustible resources (such as solar energy and wind power) as the solution to the oil crisis problem. In addition, the continued and increasing use of fossil fuels is causing the problem of carbon dioxide emission and its potential impact on the climate. In the absence of public policies that promote renewable energy, Thailand is viewing nuclear energy as an alternative source for tomorrow's energy requirements. In order to play a significant role along with other energy sources, nuclear technology must be recognized by the public as a mature and safe technology. Nuclear knowledge management together with promotional policies from both the government and private sector will determine the possibility of nuclear energy becoming an alternative source for Thailand. Nuclear knowledge management is being carried out at several institutes in Thailand, including Chlalongkorn University, Kasetsart University, Office of Atoms for Peace (OAP), Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (AEDE) and Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT). At present, most of the support regarding nuclear knowledge management in Thailand is coming from the IAEA, European Union member States, the Republic of Korea, India, China, the Russian Federation and Japan. Current measures to raise the awareness of the public on nuclear issues include cooperation between the universities and dissemination of information from sources, such as the IAEA International Nuclear Information System, and the Asian Nuclear Safety Network (ANSN). (author)

  20. Managing Knowledge in Development of Agile Software

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammed Abdul Bari; Dr. Shahanawaj Ahamad

    2011-01-01

    Software development is a knowledge-intensive work and the main attention is how to manage it. The systematic reviews of empirical studies presents, how knowledge management is used in software engineering and development work. This paper presents how knowledge is used in agile software development and how knowledge is transferred to agile software using agile manifesto. It then argues for the need to scale agile development strategies in knowledge management to address the full delivery. The...

  1. Can knowledge management influence firms' performance?.

    OpenAIRE

    Mariano García-Fernández; Juan José Tarí Guilló

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to analyze the influence of knowledge management on business performance. First, a review of the literature has been made, in order to define the most common dimensions of knowledge management and results for subsequent measurement. The dimensions of knowledge management have been: creation, storage and transfer and the application and use of knowledge. Information acquisition, dissemination and interpretation have been used as measures for the creation of knowledge. ...

  2. Enhanced risk management by an emerging multi-agent architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Sin-Jin; Hsu, Ming-Fu

    2014-07-01

    Classification in imbalanced datasets has attracted much attention from researchers in the field of machine learning. Most existing techniques tend not to perform well on minority class instances when the dataset is highly skewed because they focus on minimising the forecasting error without considering the relative distribution of each class. This investigation proposes an emerging multi-agent architecture, grounded on cooperative learning, to solve the class-imbalanced classification problem. Additionally, this study deals further with the obscure nature of the multi-agent architecture and expresses comprehensive rules for auditors. The results from this study indicate that the presented model performs satisfactorily in risk management and is able to tackle a highly class-imbalanced dataset comparatively well. Furthermore, the knowledge visualised process, supported by real examples, can assist both internal and external auditors who must allocate limited detecting resources; they can take the rules as roadmaps to modify the auditing programme.

  3. Knowledge management: An abstraction of knowledge base and database management systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riedesel, Joel D.

    1990-01-01

    Artificial intelligence application requirements demand powerful representation capabilities as well as efficiency for real-time domains. Many tools exist, the most prevalent being expert systems tools such as ART, KEE, OPS5, and CLIPS. Other tools just emerging from the research environment are truth maintenance systems for representing non-monotonic knowledge, constraint systems, object oriented programming, and qualitative reasoning. Unfortunately, as many knowledge engineers have experienced, simply applying a tool to an application requires a large amount of effort to bend the application to fit. Much work goes into supporting work to make the tool integrate effectively. A Knowledge Management Design System (KNOMAD), is described which is a collection of tools built in layers. The layered architecture provides two major benefits; the ability to flexibly apply only those tools that are necessary for an application, and the ability to keep overhead, and thus inefficiency, to a minimum. KNOMAD is designed to manage many knowledge bases in a distributed environment providing maximum flexibility and expressivity to the knowledge engineer while also providing support for efficiency.

  4. CoPs-Centered Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    Khosla, R

    2006-01-01

    One of the primary reasons identified for the failure of existing knowledge management solutions has been that knowledge management tools and research have primarily been designed around technology push-models as against strategy pull-models. In an era where organizations are undergoing rapid and discontinuous change it is imperative that knowledge management systems and organizational entities like CoPs that facilitate knowledge management and organizational transformation are more closely a...

  5. Personal Knowledge Management for Employee Commoditization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schild, Susie A.

    2013-01-01

    Knowledge management thinking has resulted in the perception that the organization is the relevant beneficiary of knowledge. Individual approaches to and experiences with personal knowledge management are not well documented in empirical studies, which uncovered the specific problem that the situatedness of knowledge worker contemporaries within…

  6. Knowledge Management: A Teacher Educator's Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohan, Radha

    2005-01-01

    Knowledge Management can be defined as a systematic process that creates, captures, shares, and analyzes knowledge in ways that directly improve performance. The goal of Knowledge Management is to improve the creation, dissemination, and exploitation of knowledge for the purpose of building competitive advantage. The proper use of knowledge…

  7. Managing Knowledge as Business Rules

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anca Ioana ANDREESCU

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In today’s business environment, it is a certainty that will manage to survive especially those organizations which are striving to adapt quickly and with low costs to the new demands of market competition. Knowledge represented by internal business rules of an organization can help crystallize their orientation in order to ensure a competitive advantage in the market. In this context and in a relatively short time, a new trend in software development has arisen, ex-tending current methods and putting a strong emphasis on business rules. This article outlines the importance of managing business rules in an organized manner using dedicated software products and furthermore presents a general prototype for a business rules repository.

  8. Implementation of Knowledge Management in Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkler, Katrin; Mandl, Heinz

    2007-01-01

    In the context of learning implementation of new ideas e.g. knowledge management in organizations often is neglected. Concerning knowledge management measures we demonstrate its implementation in organizations. A theoretical framework was developed showing the necessary basic conditions for implementing knowledge management. Subsequently we…

  9. Robustness of a Distributed Knowledge Management Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Mogens Kühn; Larsen, Michael Holm

    1999-01-01

    Knowledge management based on symmetric incentives is rarely found in literature. A knowledge exchange model relies upon a double loop knowledge conversion with symmetric incentives in a network. The model merges specific knowledge with knowledge from other actors into a decision support system...

  10. The Architecture of Financial Risk Management Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iosif ZIMAN

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The architecture of systems dedicated to risk management is probably one of the more complex tasks to tackle in the world of finance. Financial risk has been at the center of attention since the explosive growth of financial markets and even more so after the 2008 financial crisis. At multiple levels, financial companies, financial regulatory bodies, governments and cross-national regulatory bodies, all have put the subject of financial risk in particular and the way it is calculated, managed, reported and monitored under intense scrutiny. As a result the technology underpinnings which support the implementation of financial risk systems has evolved considerably and has become one of the most complex areas involving systems and technology in the context of the financial industry. We present the main paradigms, require-ments and design considerations when undertaking the implementation of risk system and give examples of user requirements, sample product coverage and performance parameters.

  11. Knowledge Management – the Key Resource in the Knowledge Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domingo NEVADO PEÑA

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The influence of global information and communication technology changes and globalization have transformed our society by favoring the economy and innovation as key driver of global competition. Creation and exploitation of knowledge has become key resource in the new economy. All advanced economies are technologically knowledgebased economy. Many of today's managers and their employees, still guided by the definition given by Francis Bacon (1597 “Knowledge is power” instead of “sharing and managing knowledge is power”. Knowing taken alone may not bring value if not shared before and then managed in an efficient manner. This article seeks to demonstrate what knowledge, what the knowledge management is and what are its main implications in the new economy, a knowledge-based economy.

  12. Nuclear knowledge management: Russian lessons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Union, the issue of generation and accumulation of nuclear knowledge and human resources for realizing this knowledge in practice, have received strong governmental support, and were subject to strict control of the state. This policy, despite the well-known Russian difficulties related to the lag of computational base and complicated scientific and technical exchange with the West ('Iron Curtain'), in the 50-70's has made it possible both to solve the required defence tasks and ensure development of peaceful nuclear energy applications in the Soviet Union. The report briefly summarizes the main achievements in the field of nuclear knowledge management strategy in the period of fast nuclear energy deployment, which include: - establishment, on the base of the 'Uranium Project' founder institutions, of a series of nuclear science and engineering centers (Arzamas, Dimitrovgrad, Dubna, etc.), both within the nuclear branch and in the USSR and Soviet Republics' Academies of Science; - formation of scientific schools headed by eminent scientists, on the base of major nuclear energy issues, gathering creative teams with 'natural' nuclear knowledge transfer; - harmonious nuclear education system, including a large network of higher professional education institutions, which had a principal achievement - close relationship with the leading nuclear research centers; - creation of a regional centers' network intended for regular retraining of nuclear specialists; - creation and development of national centers for collecting, processing and evaluation of nuclear and other data (materials, thermal physics, etc.) necessary for nuclear engineering, as well as for development of algorithms and codes. Russian nuclear program as a whole, and KNM system in particular, received three severe crises in a short time period: - Chernobyl accident (1986); - restructuring of the political system (end of 80's - beginning of 90's); - collapse of the Soviet Union (1991). The report

  13. Knowledge management and the elephant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: I am pleased that NEA is a sponsor of this important conference and that I have been given the opportunity to welcome all of you on behalf of NEA. Knowledge management has been a personal interest of mine for some time now, and I have been gratified to see the increasing interest in this area. This international conference is therefore most timely, and by drawing in experts from across the spectrum of knowledge management, has the potential to help integrate different aspects of this field, and thereby help chart its future course. I would like to try to set the stage for your meeting by posing a few issues that I hope you will consider during the course of this conference.1 Discussing knowledge management sometimes reminds me a little of the parable of the blind men and the elephant - or, if I may be politically correct, of the visually challenged people and the elephant. In this story, a number of sightless men approach an elephant and touch it in different places. 'Ah,' says the first, who is touching the elephant's massive leg, 'An elephant looks like a tree.' 'No,' objects the second, who is holding the ear, 'The elephant is clearly like a giant fan.' 'Come, come,' chides a third, who has grabbed the elephant by its trunk, 'The elephant most resembles a snake.' Others, touching the side of the animal conclude it is like a wall, or feeling the tusk believe it resembles a spear, or grasping the tail likens it to a rope.2 Likewise, in my discussions on knowledge management (KM), I come away with a sense that different nuclear communities have somewhat different perceptions of what it is, and therefore, of what the issues or problems are. For educators, KM is education, and the most important need is to develop the right academic courses to train the next generation of nuclear professionals. Corporate management sees KM in terms of its strategic market advantages, and considers the passing on of corporate knowledge a major need. In some parts of the

  14. Systematic research on enterprise knowledge management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张庆普; 胡运权

    2002-01-01

    Entering 21 st century, knowledge has already become the most important strategic resource for enterprises. The key factors of keeping continuous competitive advantages for an enterprise are the abilities of knowledge management and knowledge innovations. Enterprise knowledge management is a new subject with great theoretical meaning and actual meaning. From a new angle, guided by systematic viewpoint, this paper analyses deeply and explores synthetically enterprise knowledge management as a complicated system problem by doing the following:Defining the implication of enterprise knowledge management;Analyzing three kinds of the key elements in enterprise knowledge management and the interaction relations among the elements; Proposing and probing into the structure of enterprise knowledge management. Considers the structure as the open dynamic network structure with multidimensional space. Through drawing the state chart of key elements, analyzes the functions of enterprise knowledge management; Proposing and studying the interaction mechanisms between three kinds of the key elements and enterprise knowledge management. On the basis of all above analyses, aiming at the conditions and problems of enterprise knowledge management in our country, this paper probes into the main countermeasures of knowledge management that should be adopted by the enterprises of our country.

  15. Conceptualizing Knowledge Communication for Project Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kampf, Constance Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    seen by the 2007 Project of the Year, where the Project Manager used knowledge management and transparent communication with stakeholders, resulting in a project that finished years early and was substantially under budget. (Hildebrand 2008) Knowledge management relies on communication practices. Seely...... Brown and Nonaka, among other scholars, imply that communication is central to knowledge management; however, concepts related to how communication about project knowledge works at the operational level are implicit or out of focus. To place communication more centrally in our understanding of project...... knowledge for project management, this paper focuses on extending Knowledge Management to include concepts related to communicating knowledge from the fields of rhetoric, knowledge communication, and corporate communication....

  16. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT TOOLS FOR THE EUROPEAN KNOWLEDGE BASED SOCIETY

    OpenAIRE

    Ramona – Diana Leon; Adrian Lupu; Anca – Codruta Manolache

    2011-01-01

    Increasingly more literature mention that in the current competitive environment, knowledge have become the main source of the competitive advantages, while recent researches regarding economic growth and development have defined knowledge as being the most critical resource of the emerging countries. Therefore, the organizations interest for knowledge has increased, the latter being defined as knowledge management process in order to meet existing needs, to identify and exploit existing and/...

  17. Knowledge Management in an Indian Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Vibha Thakur; Mrs. Swarnangini Sinha

    2013-01-01

    Knowledge management is a systematic process for creating, acquiring, synthesizing, learning, sharing and using knowledge and experience to achieve organizational goals. A proper flow of information is essential for the growth of every organization. Knowledge management is a necessity that can make all the difference between survival and an early demise. Today majority of business organizations have knowledge management program in one or another form. Indian business organizations are also fe...

  18. Conceptualizing Local Knowledge and Disaster Management

    OpenAIRE

    Khan, Abdul Razzaq; Khan, Abuturab; Razzaq, Sadia

    2015-01-01

    This article deals with review of conceptualization of local knowledge and highlights terms related disaster management. The purpose is to relate local knowledge in disaster management as an important factor, because rural communities mostly trust on their own wisdom, i.e. Local knowledge. This article gives conceptual clearance of local knowledge, disaster, disaster management, with theoretical discussion on vulnerability of the local communities in developing countries.

  19. Application of Knowledge Management in Customer Relationship Management Processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vahid Majazi Dalfard

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Customer relationship management processes can be considered as processes with knowledge increase that their performance is affected by providing knowledge of product, markets and customers. So, using knowledge management capabilities result in taking advantage through customer knowledge flow in the processes. This article addresses knowledge management applications in customer relationship management processes. Studies showed that in general organizations use customers knowledge in customer portfolio management, developing customer divisions, marketing communications and marketing promotion, product quality, creating a new product, defining commercial processes of customer services, supporting customer communication center and customer knowledge sales.

  20. The Prolog Interface to the Unstructured Information Management Architecture

    CERN Document Server

    Fodor, Paul; Ferrucci, David

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we describe the design and implementation of the Prolog interface to the Unstructured Information Management Architecture (UIMA) and some of its applications in natural language processing. The UIMA Prolog interface translates unstructured data and the UIMA Common Analysis Structure (CAS) into a Prolog knowledge base, over which, the developers write rules and use resolution theorem proving to search and generate new annotations over the unstructured data. These rules can explore all the previous UIMA annotations (such as, the syntactic structure, parsing statistics) and external Prolog knowledge bases (such as, Prolog WordNet and Extended WordNet) to implement a variety of tasks for the natural language analysis. We also describe applications of this logic programming interface in question analysis (such as, focus detection, answer-type and other constraints detection), shallow parsing (such as, relations in the syntactic structure), and answer selection.

  1. Improving Knowledge Management in Consulting Service Business

    OpenAIRE

    Saarela, Joonas

    2016-01-01

    This Master’s Thesis aims to improve knowledge management in a consulting service business. Currently knowledge in not managed appropriately in the case company. The purpose of this Thesis is to identify challenges related to this issue and to propose improvements to the knowledge management system of the case company. This is a qualitative case study. In this Thesis, data is collected through interviews with managers & consultants as well as observations and a literature review. The data...

  2. Managing Knowledge and Information by Students

    OpenAIRE

    Marzena Świgoń; Karsten Weber

    2014-01-01

    The concept of Personal Knowledge and Information Management (PKIM) is based, among others, on two theories: Personal Information Management (PTM) and Personal Knowledge Management (PKM), which hitherto were both subjects of separate studies. Moreover, the concept of PKIM is related to IL, which is a concept of information skills and competences of individuals — a person who manages knowledge has to be information literate. Some of the empirical studies results in the field of PKIM, started i...

  3. An Approach from Knowledge Dust to Gems (Knowledge Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Praveen Kumar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Most businesses rely on the fact that their employees possess relevant knowledge and that they can apply it to the task at hand. The problem is that this knowledge is not owned by the organization. It is owned and controlled by its employees. Maintaining an appropriate level of knowledge in the organization is a very important issue. It is, however, not an easy task for most organizations and it is particularly problematic for software organizations, which are human and knowledge intensive. Knowledge management is a relatively new area that has attempted to address these problems. Conclusion/Recommendations: This study introduces an approach called the Knowledge Dust to Gems approach. This approach addresses some of the issues with knowledge management by providing low-barrier mechanisms to “jump start” the experience base. This approach allows the experience base to become more useful more quickly than traditional approaches.

  4. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT TOOLS FOR THE EUROPEAN KNOWLEDGE BASED SOCIETY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramona – Diana Leon

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Increasingly more literature mention that in the current competitive environment, knowledge have become the main source of the competitive advantages, while recent researches regarding economic growth and development have defined knowledge as being the most critical resource of the emerging countries.Therefore, the organizations interest for knowledge has increased, the latter being defined as knowledge management process in order to meet existing needs, to identify and exploit existing and/or acquired knowledge and developing new opportunities.In other words, knowledge management facilitates productive information usage, intelligence growth, storing intellectual capital, strategic planning, flexible acquisition, collection of best practices, increasing the likelihood of being successful as well as a more productive collaboration within the company.In order to benefit from all these advantages, it is required the usage of specific tools including models and systems to stimulate the creation, dissemination and use of knowledge held by each employee and the organization as a whole.

  5. Knowledge-enabled Customer Relationship Management: integrating customer relationship management and knowledge management concepts

    OpenAIRE

    Gebert, Henning; Geib, Malte; Kolbe, Lutz; Brenner, Walter

    2003-01-01

    The concepts of customer relationship management (CRM) and knowledge management (KM) both focus on allocating resources to supportive business activities in order to gain competitive advantages. CRM focuses on managing the relationship between a company and its current and prospective customer base as a key to success, while KM recognizes the knowledge available to a company as a major success factor.From a business process manager's perspective both the CRM and KM approaches promise a positi...

  6. Knowledge Management Readiness In Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alanazi Sultan

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract To generate a comprehensive model of Knowledge Management Readiness In Organizationsintending greater value to its practical applicability. This study was based on both secondary and primary data grounded on the deductive paradigm of social research. Survey with 13 professionals in the current business setting was conducted to justify the research findings. The key criterion of KM Readiness In Organizations i.e. its dependency on human acts was ignored in many traditional KM models although literary works paid substantial value to the aspect. Applicability of conventional KM models in the current context was also limited. The study lacked consideration to the influence of organizational characteristics on KM practices based on organizational readiness. The number of respondents was also limited for a wide research such as this. As this study was mainly guided by the contemporary beliefs and attributes of organizational management the developed model is likely to find its worthy applicability in practical experiences. Due emphasis was provided to ethical soundness throughout the paper confirming its originality and value in terms that anti-plagiarism strictness was taken into context and self-infliction of information was avoided entirely.

  7. Knowledge Management in E-Learning Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Rodica MIHALCA; Adina UTA; Iulian INTORSUREANU; Anca Ioana ANDREESCU

    2008-01-01

    Current knowledge management systems focus on knowledge acquisition, storage, retrieval and maintenance. Yet, for that knowledge to be operational, to become knowledge rather than information, requires internalization and learning. E- learning systems and courseware, on the other hand, are all too often monolithic and inert and fail to facilitate the development and sharing of knowledge. In this paper we discuss some aspects about knowledge providing and present our research in this field thr...

  8. Librarians Are the Ultimate Knowledge Managers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koina, Cathie

    2003-01-01

    Librarians are the ultimate knowledge managers. Everyone knows that. After all, haven't they been the custodians of documented knowledge for centuries? Who could possibly do it better than them? Well, then why aren't people knocking down their doors, begging them to be the knowledge managers of the organisation? Are they just ignorant of how…

  9. Knowledge Management and Global Information Dissemination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umunadi, Ejiwoke Kennedy

    2014-01-01

    The paper looked at knowledge management and global information dissemination. Knowledge is a very powerful tool for survival, growth and development. It can be seen as the information, understanding and skills that you gain through education or experience. The paper was addressed under the following sub-headings: Knowledge management knowledge…

  10. Fifth International Workshop on Sharing and Reusing Architectural Knowledge (SHARK 2010)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lago, Patricia; Avgeriou, Paris; Kruchten, Philippe

    2010-01-01

    Architectural Knowledge (AK) is defined as the integrated representation of the software architecture of a software-intensive system or family of systems along with architectural decisions and their rationale, external influence and the development environment. The SHARK workshop series focuses on c

  11. Implementation of a metadata architecture and knowledge collection to support semantic interoperability in an enterprise data warehouse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhaval, Rakesh; Borlawsky, Tara; Ostrander, Michael; Santangelo, Jennifer; Kamal, Jyoti; Payne, Philip R O

    2008-01-01

    In order to enhance interoperability between enterprise systems, and improve data validity and reliability throughout The Ohio State University Medical Center (OSUMC), we have initiated the development of an ontology-anchored metadata architecture and knowledge collection for our enterprise data warehouse. The metadata and corresponding semantic relationships stored in the OSUMC knowledge collection are intended to promote consistency and interoperability across the heterogeneous clinical, research, business and education information managed within the data warehouse. PMID:18999040

  12. Intelligent open-architecture controller using knowledge server

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nacsa, Janos; Kovacs, George L.; Haidegger, Geza

    2001-12-01

    In an ideal scenario of intelligent machine tools [22] the human mechanist was almost replaced by the controller. During the last decade many efforts have been made to get closer to this ideal scenario, but the way of information processing within the CNC did not change too much. The paper summarizes the requirements of an intelligent CNC evaluating the different research efforts done in this field using different artificial intelligence (AI) methods. The need for open CNC architecture was emerging at many places around the world. The second part of the paper introduces and shortly compares these efforts. In the third part a low cost concept for intelligent and open systems named Knowledge Server for Controllers (KSC) is introduced. It allows more devices to solve their intelligent processing needs using the same server that is capable to process intelligent data. In the final part the KSC concept is used in an open CNC environment to build up some elements of an intelligent CNC. The preliminary results of the implementation are also introduced.

  13. KNOWLEDGE, INTELECTUAL CAPITAL AND QUALITY MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Stevan Živojinović; Andrej Stanimirović

    2009-01-01

    From the contemporary change management paradigm and new, knowledge-based economy, we emphasize the impact of advanced managerial tools. As evidenced in practice, simultaneous implementation of several management approaches, concepts and methods brings about more integral corporate success. We advocate integration of up-to-date approaches - knowledge management (KM) and intellectual capital management (ICM) as well as balanced scorecard (BSC) under the "conceptional umbrella" of quality manag...

  14. Modern project management theory and knowledge framework

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Luo Zhongbao

    2014-01-01

    The scholars increasingly pay at ention to the internal rules in knowledge development and innovation of construction engineering management,as wel as the framework for engineering management body of knowledge. Considering the one-of-a-kind characteristic of construction project s and highly dependence from projects on management knowledge and its innovation,this paper analyzed the knowledge body of engineering management and its development dimension ,such as thinking and knowledge structure dimensions. The engineering management knowledge innovation model and structural model were put forward. The paper reviewed and proposed the engineering management knowledge system framework under engineering thinking mode,including the basic knowledge system framework which is used in engineering management research ,and a framework for body of knowledge which is applicable for engineering management practice. Based on a brief analysis of engineering management practice,this paper analyzed the development progres of engineering management from engineering thinking to ethical thinking and philosophical thinking. A dynamic model formed from the modern engineering management theory was put forward. The construction of projects are divided into two stages:an investment decision-making stage, and project implementation stage. According to the fact that project owners obtain the project products by transaction,the management during project implementation stage are divided into two aspects:project transaction management for the owner, and construction project management for the contractor. Thus, the three theoretical modules of modern engineering management were established:project investment decision-making management theory,engineering transaction management theory, and engineering project management theory. This paper further analyzed the content and basic theoretical issues of each theoretical module.

  15. Knowledge management : a learning mix perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Moingeon, Bertrand; Perrin, Alexandre

    2006-01-01

    How can an organization define policy for managing its knowledge ? In this article, an integrative model is proposed : the Learning Mix. It consists of 4 interacting facets: Information Technology, Learning Structure, Knowledge Portfolio and Learning Identity.

  16. 知识管理与知识共享%Knowledge Management and Knowledge Sharing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡舜耕; 王克宏

    2003-01-01

    Knowledge management aims at knowledge innovation and knowledge sharing, and focuses on added valueand added services of knowledge. In this paper, concepts, key technologies and applications of knowledge manage-ment are introduced, and relevant problems are discussed.

  17. Capturing Tacit Architectural Knowledge Using the Repertory Grid Technique (NIER Track)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tofan, Dan; Galster, Matthias; Avgeriou, Paris

    2011-01-01

    Knowledge about the architecture of a software-intensive system tends to vaporize easily. This leads to increased maintenance costs. We explore a new idea: utilizing the repertory grid technique to capture tacit architectural knowledge. Particularly, we investigate the elicitation of design decision

  18. Development of Knowledge Management Process to Enable Incident Management

    OpenAIRE

    Minina, Natalia

    2013-01-01

    This Thesis focuses on development of Knowledge Management in the case company in order to affect its Incident Management. A unit within case company (AMU) is responsible for monitoring and solving ITSM tickets related to various applications (Incident Management process of ITIL); it is also responsible for creating and maintaining applications knowledge (Knowledge Management process of ITIL). Surveys conducted within the unit have revealed that there are certain gaps in the current Knowledge...

  19. An Intelligent Knowledge Management System from a Semantic Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasile MAZILESCU

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge Management Systems (KMS are important tools by whichorganizations can better use information and, more importantly, manageknowledge. Unlike other strategies, knowledge management (KM is difficult todefine because it encompasses a range of concepts, management tasks,technologies, and organizational practices, all of which come under the umbrella ofthe information management. Semantic approaches allow easier and more efficienttraining, maintenance, and support knowledge. Current ICT markets are dominatedby relational databases and document-centric information technologies, proceduralalgorithmic programming paradigms, and stack architecture. A key driver of globaleconomic expansion in the coming decade is the build-out of broadbandtelecommunications and the deployment of intelligent services bundling. This paperintroduces the main characteristics of an Intelligent Knowledge ManagementSystem as a multiagent system used in a Learning Control Problem (IKMSLCP,from a semantic perspective. We describe an intelligent KM framework, allowingthe observer (a human agent to learn from experience. This framework makes thesystem dynamic (flexible and adaptable so it evolves, guaranteeing high levels ofstability when performing his domain problem P. To capture by the agent who learnthe control knowledge for solving a task-allocation problem, the control expertsystem uses at any time, an internal fuzzy knowledge model of the (businessprocess based on the last knowledge model.

  20. Digital Repository as Instrument for Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    Hakopov, Zaven

    2016-01-01

    Abstract. In the modern technologically advanced world, implicit knowledge, but also certain manifestations of tacit knowledge, is accumulated primarily in digital form, increasing the dependence of Knowledge Management (KM) on tools and specifically on digital content management platforms and repositories. The latter, powered by subject classification system such as a thesaurus or an ontology, can form a complete Knowledge Organization System (KOS). The purpose of this paper is to describe a...

  1. GLOBAL APPROACH FOR KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN DESIGN

    OpenAIRE

    Brunel, Stéphane; Zolghadri, Marc; Moradi, Mahmoud

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we will find an original approach about knowledge in design process. It's not really a new field. It appears that the merge between design and knowledge management propose some very interesting questions. For example, in this paper we ask some questions about the role of collecting, reorganisation and using of knowledge from design process. What about knowledge and their management in some critical design situation? In this paper we propose to discuss with you from birth of data...

  2. IT Management: How IT managers gain IT knowledge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergård, Jes; Tambo, Torben; Koch, Christian

    2010-01-01

    It is not a secret that, IT management has become more and more and integrated part of almost all organizations. IT managers posses an enormous amount of knowledge within both organizational knowledge and general IT knowledge. This article investigates how IT managers keep themselves updated on I...

  3. Moving from Librarian to Knowledge Manager

    OpenAIRE

    Melissa Fraser-Arnott

    2014-01-01

    Embracing knowledge management (KM), or at least learning how to align one’s work with knowledge management vocabulary and processes within an organization, can prove beneficial to librarians whether they are working inside or outside of a library setting. For library and information science (LIS) professionals seeking opportunities outside of library settings, knowledge management projects, which may be led by teams from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds, provide an opportunity that matc...

  4. Organizational competitiveness through strategic knowledge management

    OpenAIRE

    Katya Antonova

    2013-01-01

    With the advent of high technology, changes in the contemporary business environment are so fast that the employed need an unceasing acquisition of new knowledge and skills. Strategic thought regards knowledge as a major resource and managers realize that in order for them to be competitive on the contemporary market it is necessary that they manage their intellectual resources. The strategic management of the knowledge, abilities and ideas of the employed provides organizations with competit...

  5. Knowledge Management What Can Organizational Economics Contribute?

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolaj J. Foss; Volker Mahnke

    2003-01-01

    Knowledge management has emerged as a very successful organization practice and has been extensively treated in a large body of academic work. Surprisingly, however, organizational economics (i.e., transaction cost economics, agency theory, team theory and property rights theory) has played no role in the development of knowledge management. We argue that organizational economics insights can further the theory and practice of knowledge management in several ways. Specifically, we apply notio...

  6. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN THE LGU’s

    OpenAIRE

    Tomasz Skica

    2012-01-01

    The article is regarding the issue of the knowledge management at local government. It’s contents are focusing on the diagnosis in theoretical as well as practical perspective possibilities of managing decks of the knowledge in local government units. The subject brought up in this article is appealing for the experiment to transfer tools of both the attempt at the identification and the knowledge management in the private sector to the level of activities of the local government. This articl...

  7. A CRITIC OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT (UNE CRITIQUE DU KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT)

    OpenAIRE

    Yvon Pesqueux

    2008-01-01

    The papers aim is to present the purpose of the KM in the enterprises strategy and also the main points of view of the specialists regarding this field of interest. The author presents the KM as build on a mix of three approaches of the concept. There are brought in discussion the aspects of KM regarding the nonmaterial capital created by the “knowledge worker” and “knowledge enterprises” and the role of privatization in knowledge development.

  8. Knowledge-based system for flight information management. Thesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricks, Wendell R.

    1990-01-01

    The use of knowledge-based system (KBS) architectures to manage information on the primary flight display (PFD) of commercial aircraft is described. The PFD information management strategy used tailored the information on the PFD to the tasks the pilot performed. The KBS design and implementation of the task-tailored PFD information management application is described. The knowledge acquisition and subsequent system design of a flight-phase-detection KBS is also described. The flight-phase output of this KBS was used as input to the task-tailored PFD information management KBS. The implementation and integration of this KBS with existing aircraft systems and the other KBS is described. The flight tests are examined of both KBS's, collectively called the Task-Tailored Flight Information Manager (TTFIM), which verified their implementation and integration, and validated the software engineering advantages of the KBS approach in an operational environment.

  9. Challenges and Issues in Knowledge Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buono, Anthony F.; Poulfelt, Flemming

    "Challenges and Issues in Knowledge Management" - the fifth volume in the "Research on Management Consulting" series - presents sixteen chapters that explore these various perspectives, focusing on knowledge management within the context of the management consulting industry, the dynamics...... associated with knowledge sharing and dissemination, methodological approaches to studying knowledge in organizations, and reflections on knowledge management and management consulting. As the chapters underscore, it is important to ensure that KM initiatives are aligned with the needs of the organization...... and its members, that the KM system is "owned" by organizational members with particular emphasis on executive sponsorship and team member acceptance, and that it be understood as an ongoing process rather than simply another management objective or faddish consulting tool. The focus, therefore, should...

  10. Knowledge Management in E-Learning Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodica MIHALCA

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Current knowledge management systems focus on knowledge acquisition, storage, retrieval and maintenance. Yet, for that knowledge to be operational, to become knowledge rather than information, requires internalization and learning. E- learning systems and courseware, on the other hand, are all too often monolithic and inert and fail to facilitate the development and sharing of knowledge. In this paper we discuss some aspects about knowledge providing and present our research in this field through an e-learning system for major risks management.

  11. A "Knowledge Trading Game" for Collaborative Design Learning in an Architectural Design Studio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Wan-Ling; Shih, Shen-Guan; Chien, Sheng-Fen

    2010-01-01

    Knowledge-sharing and resource exchange are the key to the success of collaborative design learning. In an architectural design studio, design knowledge entails learning efforts that need to accumulate and recombine dispersed and complementary pieces of knowledge. In this research, firstly, "Knowledge Trading Game" is proposed to be a way for…

  12. Information systems for knowledge management

    CERN Document Server

    Saad, Inès; Gargouri, Faiez

    2014-01-01

    More and more organizations are becoming aware of the importance of tacit and explicit knowledge owned by their members which corresponds to their experience and accumulated knowledge about the firm activities. However, considering the large amount of knowledge created and used in the organization, especially with the evolution of information and communications technologies, the firm must first determine the specific knowledge on which it is necessary to focus. Creating activities to enhance identification, preservation, and use of this knowledge is a powerful mean to improve the level of econ

  13. An agent architecture with on-line learning of both procedural and declarative knowledge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, R.; Peterson, T.; Merrill, E. [Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States)

    1996-12-31

    In order to develop versatile cognitive agents that learn in situated contexts and generalize resulting knowledge to different environments, we explore the possibility of learning both declarative and procedural knowledge in a hybrid connectionist architecture. The architecture is based on the two-level idea proposed earlier by the author. Declarative knowledge is represented symbolically, while procedural knowledge is represented subsymbolically. The architecture integrates reactive procedures, rules, learning, and decision-making in a unified framework, and structures different learning components (including Q-learning and rule induction) in a synergistic way to perform on-line and integrated learning.

  14. An architecture for integrating distributed and cooperating knowledge-based Air Force decision aids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nugent, Richard O.; Tucker, Richard W.

    1988-01-01

    MITRE has been developing a Knowledge-Based Battle Management Testbed for evaluating the viability of integrating independently-developed knowledge-based decision aids in the Air Force tactical domain. The primary goal for the testbed architecture is to permit a new system to be added to a testbed with little change to the system's software. Each system that connects to the testbed network declares that it can provide a number of services to other systems. When a system wants to use another system's service, it does not address the server system by name, but instead transmits a request to the testbed network asking for a particular service to be performed. A key component of the testbed architecture is a common database which uses a relational database management system (RDBMS). The RDBMS provides a database update notification service to requesting systems. Normally, each system is expected to monitor data relations of interest to it. Alternatively, a system may broadcast an announcement message to inform other systems that an event of potential interest has occurred. Current research is aimed at dealing with issues resulting from integration efforts, such as dealing with potential mismatches of each system's assumptions about the common database, decentralizing network control, and coordinating multiple agents.

  15. Chosen aspects of knowledge management in enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Kania

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: In this article the important role of knowledge management in enterprises was presented. The knowledge and workers skills are the wealth and success source of organizations on the market.Design/methodology/approach: The paper shows definitions and types of knowledge, systems and models of knowledge management and directions of knowledge acquirement and development.Findings: In this article the analysis of role and function of knowledge management in modern enterprise on the basis of workers opinion poll, documentation review and conducted an interview in organization was carried out.Research limitations/implications: Knowledge management in contemporary enterprise is one of the key factors. It decides about its economic success. Because of that continuous learning, improvement and forming of system functioning in organization are the priority of enterprise.Practical implications: implications Nowadays, organisations achieve competitive supremacy through skilful knowledge management. For knowledge it was the strategic attribute to fulfil three properties. It must be: unique, possible for continuous improvement and difficult to fast copying and imitating.Originality/value: In this article it was shown that knowledge management was the important field in organisation management. It is worth taking steps forward to improve information flow, arrange workers for job completion, work conditions and organisation image and efficiency.

  16. Flexible augmented reality architecture applied to environmental management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correia, Nuno M. R.; Romao, Teresa; Santos, Carlos; Trabuco, Adelaide; Santos, Rossana; Romero, Luis; Danado, Jose; Dias, Eduardo; Camara, Antonio; Nobre, Edmundo

    2003-05-01

    Environmental management often requires in loco observation of the area under analysis. Augmented Reality (AR) technologies allow real time superimposition of synthetic objects on real images, providing augmented knowledge about the surrounding world. Users of an AR system can visualize the real surrounding world together with additional data generated in real time in a contextual way. The work reported in this paper was done in the scope of ANTS (Augmented Environments) project. ANTS is an AR project that explores the development of an augmented reality technological infrastructure for environmental management. This paper presents the architecture and the most relevant modules of ANTS. The system"s architecture follows the client-server model and is based on several independent, but functionally interdependent modules. It has a flexible design, which allows the transfer of some modules to and from the client side, according to the available processing capacities of the client device and the application"s requirements. It combines several techniques to identify the user"s position and orientation allowing the system to adapt to the particular characteristics of each environment. The determination of the data associated to a certain location involves the use of both a 3D Model of the location and the multimedia geo-referenced database.

  17. A knowledge management model for graduate development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Bustos Farías

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present a model for administrative knowledge management for the Graduate Support Division of the Instituto Politécnico Nacional (IPN. This administrative unit is important because it is responsible for managing the institution’s academic services at graduate level. A qualitative methodology was used based on in-depth interviews with graduate-level directors, experts in knowledge management and members of the institution. The results obtained support the use of administrative management tools based on Information Technology (IT, such as the design of a comprehensive dashboard, and the proposal that knowledge management processes be automated with digital repositories. The model identifies factors such as the relationships between people, technology, administrative knowledge and knowledge management processes, and is formed with innovative administrative contributions.

  18. Architecture as Material Discourse : On the spatial formulation of knowledge and ideals in four library extensions

    OpenAIRE

    Koch, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    In recent decades libraries have been challenged in many ways, perhaps most pointedly by the digital revolution. This is, however, not the first time – a series of booms in library architecture emerging rather when knowledge ideals are chal- lenged than established allows us to discuss library architecture more clearly as investigations into what knowledge, learning and literature could be rather than as expressions of what knowledge, learning and literature is. These questions are complex an...

  19. Knowledge management approach to emergency procedures in nuclear facilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Nuclear Knowledge Management is thought to be a discipline mainly concerned with the preservation of knowledge in specific areas of nuclear science and technology. This paper will be discussing the possibility of applying knowledge management approaches bringing benefits of efficiency and responsiveness to activities performed on daily basis by nuclear workers at nuclear facilities. This includes activities performed by national and IAEA nuclear inspectors. A process-oriented Knowledge Management System (KMS) based on KM-Services, namely the PROMOTE approach is described. This is a top-down approach that allows defining business processes and the consisting knowledge activities. On the basis of the so called Knowledge Management Processes (KMPs), which aim at capturing the interaction between the knowledge workers in a process-oriented manner, knowledge activities like searching, categorizing or storing information are supported by so called Knowledge Management Services (KMS). This constitutes of the technological layer which serves as an enabler in making the most of available technology wherever and however accessible. The aim is to study the potential of implementing an Knowledge Management System based on business processes that commonly execute at a nuclear facility. The proposed KMS architecture and various models based on the PROMOTE approach are discussed. One of the common processes executed by safeguards inspectors in nuclear facilities is the physical inventory verification and the interim inventory verification. These consist of activities that are based on well defined procedures and are executed by inspectors regularly. A model capturing the interaction between inspectors and facility operators will be used to demonstrate the immediate benefits of a knowledge management approach. By identifying the knowledge intensive tasks, the objective is to offer nuclear inspectors with knowledge in a explicit form when found in unfamiliar and

  20. Knowledge base and sensor bus messaging service architecture for critical tsunami warning and decision-support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabeur, Z. A.; Wächter, J.; Middleton, S. E.; Zlatev, Z.; Häner, R.; Hammitzsch, M.; Loewe, P.

    2012-04-01

    The intelligent management of large volumes of environmental monitoring data for early tsunami warning requires the deployment of robust and scalable service oriented infrastructure that is supported by an agile knowledge-base for critical decision-support In the TRIDEC project (TRIDEC 2010-2013), a sensor observation service bus of the TRIDEC system is being developed for the advancement of complex tsunami event processing and management. Further, a dedicated TRIDEC system knowledge-base is being implemented to enable on-demand access to semantically rich OGC SWE compliant hydrodynamic observations and operationally oriented meta-information to multiple subscribers. TRIDEC decision support requires a scalable and agile real-time processing architecture which enables fast response to evolving subscribers requirements as the tsunami crisis develops. This is also achieved with the support of intelligent processing services which specialise in multi-level fusion methods with relevance feedback and deep learning. The TRIDEC knowledge base development work coupled with that of the generic sensor bus platform shall be presented to demonstrate advanced decision-support with situation awareness in context of tsunami early warning and crisis management.

  1. The Role of Knowledge Management on Knowledge Management Perfomance: A Case Study of Some Nigerian Banks

    OpenAIRE

    Onyema E. Ofoegbu

    2014-01-01

    The increasing complexity of organisational environment and the intensity of competition among organisations demand the application of knowledge management in order to effectively achieve organizational objectives. The research set out to determine the main interaction effect of knowledge enablers and knowledge process capability on knowledge management performance. The study also sought to ascertain whether there is or not a significant relationship between knowledge management process capab...

  2. Perspectives on Education for Knowledge Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhry, Abdus Sattar; Higgins, Susan Ellen

    This paper looks at the state of education in knowledge management (KM). It reports findings from a study of knowledge management courses included in the curriculum of academic disciplines of business, computing, and information that was conducted at the Nanyang Technological University (Singapore). Based on a review of course descriptions…

  3. Information and Knowledge Management: Dimensions and Approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlögl, Christian

    2005-01-01

    Introduction: Though literature on information and knowledge management is vast, there is much confusion concerning the meaning of these terms. Hence, this article should give some orientation and work out the main aspects of information and knowledge management. Method: An author co-citation analysis, which identified the main dimensions of…

  4. Managing the Knowledge-Intensive Firm

    CERN Document Server

    Ejler, Nicolaj; Czerniawska, Fiona

    2011-01-01

    Over the last decade, there has been a substantial rise in the number of knowledge-intensive firms. The core assets of these businesses are the people themselves and so, successful managers of knowledge-intensive firms must inspire their employees and target their individual ambitions, to ensure high performance.This book examines what sets knowledge-intensive firms apart from other types of organizations, and the resultant organizational and strategic differences in business models, talent management, and client-handling approaches. A new model for transforming the management of knowledge-int

  5. Knowledge Management Based on Big Data Processing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Baoan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available At present, many large enterprises, like oil industry accumulated a large amount of data with a range of potential value of knowledge in their value activities over the years. How to help them to put these data into wealth are common problems faced by IT industry and academia. This study analyzed the five key problems of big data processing and knowledge management in-depth and then explained the composition and technical characteristics of knowledge management system based on big data processing. It explored the new approach of knowledge management which can adapt to the ever-change demands of enterprises.

  6. Managing knowledge workers in clinical systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, J R

    2001-01-01

    In Future Work, Coates and colleagues cite seven forces that are reshaping work and the workforce. One is the advent of "knowledge workers," who gather, distribute, and add value to information. In health care, the transition to integrated delivery systems, replete with care plans, critical paths, and assessment of clinical outcomes supported by information technology, is driving the need to reeducate for a knowledge-based workforce. Managers of clinical systems need to be familiar with the characteristics of knowledge workers affecting the delivery environment, organizational structure, and culture of an organization. These same managers will be expected to develop strategies to manage the transition to a knowledge-based workforce. PMID:11299904

  7. IAEA activities on nuclear knowledge management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    IAEA has obligations and responsibilities in the nuclear area, which require a comprehensive nuclear knowledge potential in different areas which provides for their successful implementation. Nuclear non-proliferation, nuclear safety and security and future nuclear energy development and innovation will need generations of new nuclear professionals with the Knowledge and the Culture of peaceful use of nuclear technology. Nuclear Knowledge Management is part of the mission of IAEA. It has been created to share the knowledge for peaceful uses of nuclear energy. Information collection and dissemination, education, training, sharing of best practices, scientific and technological information management, have always been an element of the Agency's programs. However these were not always highlighted as part of an overall knowledge management agenda. This PowerPoint presentation gives an overview about the nuclear knowledge management activities of the IAEA in 2004 and 2005

  8. Knowledge Management : Methoden, Strukturen und Technologien zur Etablierung eines zielgerichteten und ganzheitlichen Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    Stoeber, Marc

    2001-01-01

    Aus der vielschichtigen Knowledge Management Diskussion wird in diesem Buch der Aspekt des Knowledge Management in Unternehmen herausgegriffen. Dabei wird zu Beginn neben den Besonderheiten der Ressource Wissen eine klare Abgrenzung zwischen den Begriffen Informations- und Wissens- bzw. Knowledge Management herausgearbeitet. Daran schließt sich die Diskussion um die Motivation der Unternehmen an, verstärkt Knowledge Management zu beachten. In erster Linie spielen neuere wirtschaft...

  9. Discussing performance management architecture in public service broadcasting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tambo, Torben; Gabel, Ole Dahl

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: To demonstrate design of Performance Management (PM) processes in highly complex, non-profit, culture-producing organisations specifically the shift from Performance Management Systems (PMS) to Performance Management Architectures (PMA) specifically using Danish Broadcasting Corporation...... metrics, reflected in an architecture, raises the certainty and level of organisational consensus. Research limitations/implications: DR is unique as the largest cultural institution in the Danish language area backed by a political consensus, strong popular support, high level of funding and a...

  10. SPECIFIC KNOWLEDGE FOR MANAGING ECOTOURISM DESTINATIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Smolčić Jurdana, Dora

    2009-01-01

    Management of ecotourism destinations is very demanding because of the specific and interdisciplinary knowledge that is necessary. Great knowledge, which consists of knowledge from human and natural sciences at the same time, emphasizes the need for permanent education, formal and informal of ecotourism destination managers. In should be generally stated that countries which have a great areas and resources for ecotourism development should create a specific program for education about the...

  11. Business intelligence as support to knowledge management

    OpenAIRE

    Jelica Trninic; Jovica Durkovic; Lazar Rakovic

    2011-01-01

    Knowledge management is becoming an increasingly important business resource not only in the development and innovation process, but also in securing an organization’s competitiveness and survival in the environment. In view of the fact that there is no full consent as regards adopting a universal definition, knowledge management can be regarded as a concept encompassing methods of simplifying, enhancing, sharing, distributing and creating knowledge within an organization. The dominant approa...

  12. Information Technology and Successful Knowledge Management Initiatives

    OpenAIRE

    Fattah Sharifzade; Mehdi Narimani; Alireza Koushki

    2012-01-01

    Knowledge as an intellectual capital is one of the valuable properties of an organization which can play a vital role in success of organization providing combine with information technology. The aim of this research is to answer this question: Does the using of information technology affect knowledge management development? The results presented the effectiveness of information technology on knowledge management development. The remarkable point was the relationship strength of hard activiti...

  13. From Organizational Learning to Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    Buechel, Bettina; Probst, Gilbert

    2000-01-01

    This article spans the literature from organizational learning to knowledge management by indicating out the various contributions in the field. First, it provides an overview of the divergent debates in the field of organizational lear; focsing of the content, agent and process of learnin. The, the articles form organizational learning to knowledge management taking an interventionist perspective which proposes the main building blocks of knowledge creation.

  14. Intra-firm Horizontal Knowledge Transfer Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Yaowu; WANG Yanhang

    2009-01-01

    Knowledge transfer is widely emphasized as a strategic issue for firm competition. A model for intra-firm horizontal knowledge transfer is proposed to model horizontal knowledge transfer to solve some demerits in current knowledge transfer researches. The concept model of intra-firm horizontal knowledge transfer was described and a framework was provided to define the main components of thetransfer process. Horizontal knowledge transfer is that knowledge is transferred from the source to the same hierarchical level recipients as the target. Horizontal knowledge transfer constitutes a strategic area of knowledge management research. However, little is known about the circumstances under which one particular mechanism is the most appropriate. To address these issues, some significant conclusions are drawn concerning knowledge transfer mechanisms in a real-world setting.

  15. Creative Learning Environment and Knowledge Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahwish Waheed

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This is the era of knowledge and we are digging out information in the thirst of knowledge. In this growing knowledge society efficient technological tools must be used for the better management of knowledge. The Electronic Learning is the platform which provides the facility of interaction among knowledge holders and seekers. The knowledge conversion process is used to integrate the EL environment with the KM. The integration of EL and KM utilizing the Course Management System is proposed in this paper for the effective utilization of knowledge shared among individuals in online portals. Use of MOODLE as a CMS in EL portal implemented in Allama Iqbal Open University is explained showing the practical practice of KM and EL integration. The practical relationship among KM and EL can be analyzed and used for the effective utilization of knowledge.

  16. Managing opportunities in the global knowledge society

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Sven Hvid

    2007-01-01

    It is commonplace these days to say that knowledge is the most critical asset to be managed. Yet not many people - particularly not practitioners - invest very much time in learning about what knowledge really is and how different knowledge management (KM) is from information management (IM....../practice, disciplinarily/interdisciplinary and by strengthening the link between research, education and practice. Innovation as suggested is creation of a new product-market-technology-organisation-combination (PMTO-combination) consisting of three key elements: 1) Innovation is a process and should be managed as such, 2...

  17. Managing Nuclear Knowledge: connecting past and future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since several years SCKoCEN has acknowledged the importance of Nuclear Knowledge Management. In recent years, a number of trends have drawn attention to the need for better management of nuclear knowledge. At the Lisbon European Council in 2000 the role of RandD was recognized as the driving force for a competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy and linked to the economy's capacity to turn new knowledge into technological innovation. Knowledge management (KM) is therefore becoming more and more critical to exploit RandD results effectively and expect sufficient returns to balance the risk inherent in the large investments required by today's nuclear research. The SCK-CEN practical approach towards Nuclear Knowledge Management is twofold. First, the capture of tacit knowledge before the loss of key individuals as well as the preservation of various knowledge repositories address the complex issues of aging of the nuclear workforce and reduction of the number of students taking nuclear subjects. Secondly, the set up of education networks at international level aims to prevent further dilution of nuclear education and training programmes while pooling nuclear research resources in order to meet future requirements for qualified nuclear staff. Knowledge management combines therefore different sources of information with human knowledge capital

  18. Towards Customer Knowledge Relationship Management: Integrating Knowledge Management and Customer Relationship Management Process

    OpenAIRE

    Haroun Alryalat; Samer Al Hawari

    2008-01-01

    Due to the strong competition that exists among organisations and the rapid change in the business environment, knowledge has turned out to become a key source for organisations to enhance the competitive advantage. Integrating Knowledge Management (KM) and Customer Relationship Management (CRM) process is a new research area, therefore, scientific research and literature around it remain limited. In addition, the impact of KM process on customer acquisition, retention, and expansion to impro...

  19. Suitable Knowledge Management in Project Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Polyaninova, Taya

    2010-01-01

    Knowledge is becoming one of the main assets for organizations that want to improve their competitiveness in currently changing market. Knowledge comes from different sources within organizations, such as internal processes, projects, customers and stakeholder information. As markets and the way of doing things changes, many companies implement different projects to deal with those changes, which leads to accumulation of knowledge and information. Companies use Knowledge Management to create,...

  20. Knowledge Management for Technical and Production Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Gregory George Richards

    2011-01-01

    Trail Operations faces critical challenges in the coming years, including: a substantialchange in feed materials, significant workforce renewal and increasing environmental pressures. Technical and operating knowledge must be organized to leverage its potential for sustaining the business. A knowledge management system offers the potential for this by capturing and transferring knowledge for maximum benefit. The system must work to codify knowledge appropriately and provide a platform to faci...

  1. Knowledge Management – the Key Resource in the Knowledge Economy

    OpenAIRE

    Domingo NEVADO PEÑA; López Ruiz, Víctor Raúl; Leonardo BADEA; George Ciprian GIJU

    2010-01-01

    The influence of global information and communication technology changes and globalization have transformed our society by favoring the economy and innovation as key driver of global competition. Creation and exploitation of knowledge has become key resource in the new economy. All advanced economies are technologically knowledgebased economy. Many of today's managers and their employees, still guided by the definition given by Francis Bacon (1597) “Knowledge is power” instead of “sharing and...

  2. Corporate Knowledge Management: Interdisciplinary Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Andrei Kapterev

    2012-01-01

    Governing the professional and intellectual potential – interdisciplinary field of scientific research and a systematic process of creating, using and developing the innovation technologies of transforming the individual knowledge and specialists’ experience in such a way that would apply the knowledge and experience to the processes, services and products offered by an organization to reach its strategic goals. From the technological standpoint, governing the professional and intellectual po...

  3. IMPORTANCE OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT FOR COMPANIES

    OpenAIRE

    Vivian Toledo Santos Gambarato; Pâmela Gimenez Mateus; Renato Luiz Gambarato

    2015-01-01

    This work addressed the importance of knowledge management as a strategy for the survival of companies in the market. It have been shown the talent retention concepts, people management, intellectual capital and technologies related to knowledge management, in the view of several authors, in order to prove the importance of these issues can provide organizations. A survey of companies was performed, which showed part of your reality with respect to talent retention practice and...

  4. A knowledge management model for graduate development

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo Bustos Farías; María Trinidad Cerecedo Mercado; María de Jesús García González

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to present a model for administrative knowledge management for the Graduate Support Division of the Instituto Politécnico Nacional (IPN). This administrative unit is important because it is responsible for managing the institution’s academic services at graduate level. A qualitative methodology was used based on in-depth interviews with graduate-level directors, experts in knowledge management and members of the institution. The results obtained support the use of adm...

  5. Knowledge and Culture in Tourism Organization Management

    OpenAIRE

    Lingebērziņš, Ēriks

    2014-01-01

    In contemporary management studies, significantattention has been devoted to knowledge and knowledgemanagement issues. Although in philosophical studies knowledgerelated issues are not new, in management studies they are stillconsidered new. International tourism, operating across borders,offers a unique opportunity to analyse a specific type ofknowledge and its importance in management. In this article, keyprinciples of intercultural communication are analysed as part oftacit knowledge of in...

  6. Knowledge Management - Identification of Domain Specific Knowledge Processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Michael Holm

    1999-01-01

    Implementation of Information Technology infer substantial changes to an organisation, e.g. changes in jobs, roles of the company's employees, and the knowledge content of these jobs.This paper point out some of the knowledge management issues and challenges in the case of an implementation...... of an information system that continuously keeps track of the current state of the product as a basis for controlling the production process (i.e. the CALS system). In addition, considerations regarding operating the CALS system in a working situation are presented with regard to the input and control decisions...... performed by humans. Their decisions are based on the integration of three different kinds of knowledge, i.e. uncodifiable or tacit knowledge, codifiable data from acquisition systems, and codifiable best practice from knowledge repositories....

  7. Knowledge Management in Role Based Agents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kır, Hüseyin; Ekinci, Erdem Eser; Dikenelli, Oguz

    In multi-agent system literature, the role concept is getting increasingly researched to provide an abstraction to scope beliefs, norms, goals of agents and to shape relationships of the agents in the organization. In this research, we propose a knowledgebase architecture to increase applicability of roles in MAS domain by drawing inspiration from the self concept in the role theory of sociology. The proposed knowledgebase architecture has granulated structure that is dynamically organized according to the agent's identification in a social environment. Thanks to this dynamic structure, agents are enabled to work on consistent knowledge in spite of inevitable conflicts between roles and the agent. The knowledgebase architecture is also implemented and incorporated into the SEAGENT multi-agent system development framework.

  8. Knowledge And Knowledge Management As A Competitive Advantage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Bratić

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In the modern business environment with high turbulence and complexity, an organization’s force to create and sustain competitive advantage lies in what it knows not what it owns. Establishment of a knowledge management in organization will ensure sustainable competitive advantage because the intellectual capital has become the primary bases of core competencies and the key to superior performance. The transition from industrial to knowledge society, effective use of knowledge is one of the deciding factors in the struggle for competitiveness because it will ensure the rationality, efficiency and flexibility in operations, and only through the realization of those graphics company can gain a competitive advantage on the market.

  9. Can knowledge management influence firms' performance?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariano García-Fernández

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the influence of knowledge management on business performance. First, a review of the literature has been made, in order to define the most common dimensions of knowledge management and results for subsequent measurement. The dimensions of knowledge management have been: creation, storage and transfer and the application and use of knowledge. Information acquisition, dissemination and interpretation have been used as measures for the creation of knowledge. Also, empowerment, teamwork and commitment to knowledge have been used as measures of implementation and use of knowledge. The dimensions of the results used have been: operating results, financial and innovation. The methodology used is based on case study, through primary and secondary data. The results show that knowledge management influences operating results, but also financial and innovation results. Thus, the companies studied which have a higher degree of knowledge management through teamwork, increased empowerment, flexibility in decision-making and a general view of the company, including practices, obtain better results regarding operation, but also financial and innovation results.

  10. Business intelligence as support to knowledge management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelica Trninic

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge management is becoming an increasingly important business resource not only in the development and innovation process, but also in securing an organization’s competitiveness and survival in the environment. In view of the fact that there is no full consent as regards adopting a universal definition, knowledge management can be regarded as a concept encompassing methods of simplifying, enhancing, sharing, distributing and creating knowledge within an organization. The dominant approach of contemporary business operations is based on business intelligence, which, including Data Warehouse as its integral part, represents a highly significant component in knowledge management. As the application of information technologies provides the key support in conducting all business activities, from operative to highly complex ones, this article considers the significance and functional application of data warehouses in the knowledge management system.

  11. Information literacy and personal knowledge management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schreiber, Trine; Harbo, Karen

    2004-01-01

    The aim of the paper is to discuss a new subject called personal knowledge management and to compare it with the better-known concept information literacy. Firstly, the paper describes and discusses the course called personal knowledge management. People from three institutions, the Library...... a ´knowledge map´, which constitutes the mediation of the information to the workplace. The course has got a very positively reception. Secondly, the paper compares the course of personal knowledge management with the concept of information literacy. There exist a number of different definitions of the last...... people is identifying, evaluating and using information. The course called personal knowledge management gives a priority to this communicative approach. The course has got inspiration from Bonnie Cheuk, who has said that information seeking in the context of a work place is not a one-man job...

  12. COMMUNICATION - CENTRAL VECTOR IN KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana, GRIGORESCU

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available As a key concept in modern management, the knowledge management among the knowledge administration, development and transfer between the members of an organization, it also involves the knowledge stimulation to obtain the competitive advantage and the innovations. The association between communication and knowledge is normal; the knowledge without communication is sterile, even useless. The communication's role in the knowledge management is both normal and valuable, because the knowledge, which is a good value, must be transferred so it can be exploited to maximum, and the knowledge transfer is possible only through communication. The managerial decisions, strategies, plans, explanations must be communicated to the organization's members so they know how, where and why it must be acted to assure its success. In turn, the organization's members hold a personal luggage of knowledge that can be developed and putted in the interests of the organization so it can become a collective source that generates new values. The present article presents the results of a research that had as purpose to identify in which way the communication is used to implement the knowledge management.

  13. Organisational Knowledge Management Systems in the Era of Enterprise 2.0: The case of OrganiK.

    OpenAIRE

    Bibikas, D.; Kourtesis, D.; Paraskakis, I.; Bernardi, A.; Sauermann, L.; Apostolou, D.; Mentzas, G.; A.C. Vasconcelos

    2008-01-01

    The increasing need of small knowledge-intensive companies for loosely-coupled collaboration and ad-hoc knowledge sharing has led to a strong requirement for an alternative approach to developing knowledge management systems. This paper proposes a framework for managing organisational knowledge that builds on a socio-technical perspective that considers people and technology as two highly interconnected components. We introduce a knowledge management system architecture that merges enterprise...

  14. Critical Management in Knowledge Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macpherson, Reynold

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to invite educational managers and management educators to reflect critically on practice. Design/methodology/approach: Using the point of Socrates' death, the paper suggests ways of reflecting on actions using ethically-critical, socially-critical, environmentally-critical, politically-critical and…

  15. Architecture of Network Management Tools for Heterogeneous System

    CERN Document Server

    Hassan, Rosilah; Mohseni, Shima; Mohamad, Ola; Ismail, Zahian

    2010-01-01

    Managing heterogeneous network systems is a difficult task because each of these networks has its own curious management system. These networks usually are constructed on independent management protocols which are not compatible with each other. This results in the coexistence of many management systems with different managing functions and services across enterprises. Incompatibility of different management systems makes management of whole system a very complex and often complicated job. Ideally, it is necessary to implement centralized metalevel management across distributed heterogeneous systems and their underlying supporting network systems where the information flow and guidance is provided via a single console or single operating panels which integrates all the management functions in spite of their individual protocols and structures. This paper attempts to provide a novel network management tool architecture which supports heterogeneous managements across many different architectural platforms. Furt...

  16. Nuclear knowledge management at the IAEA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear Knowledge Management as a part of the IAEA mission and its aim to help organizations to achieve competitive advantage; costs reduction; accelerated time to market in companies and large private sector organisations; innovation, supports error free decision making are discussed. The most important outputs such as nuclear knowledge management methodology; identifying endangered areas of nuclear science and technology; developing knowledge repositories; knowledge preservation technology; dedicated projects with Member States, (Atucha, Angra, KNK2, ) are presented. A brief review of the currently implemented with Agency's assistance project ANENT (Asian Network for Education in Nuclear Technology) is also given

  17. Knowledge Management and TQM: An Integrated Approach to Management

    OpenAIRE

    Moballeghi, Mostafa; Galyani Moghaddam, Golnessa

    2008-01-01

    Knowledge management (KM) is the name given to the set of systematic and disciplined actions that an organisation can take to obtain the greatest value from the knowledge available to it. Knowledge management has received increasing attention from 1990. For a few years, it was the next big thing after business process reengineering and total quality management. This paper describes and compares concepts of KM and TQM. At the end, it concludes that KM and TQM are complementary a...

  18. Nuclear knowledge management: The GRS realisation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Knowledge has become a crucial factor in our information society in deciding whether companies will last into the future. The aim of knowledge management is to promote systematically the acquisition, use, and distribution of knowledge in an organisation and to initiate measures for improving the knowledge processes. It therefore has a strategic significance for corporate decisions. The GRS faces the challenge of helping to shape the status and use of science and technology even in conditions in which many experts are retiring for age reasons. Knowledge management makes an essential contribution here. Methods and tools of knowledge management that support these activities will be outlined in the final paper. It will show also the ways of how systematic knowledge management in the GRS and its integration into projects is being performed. The approach of knowledge management for strengthening this factor consists in systematically analysing the knowledge-related processes in the identification, acquisition, sharing, distribution, use, retention, and growth of knowledge and in developing methods with the aim of managing knowledge processes better in the company. Advanced information technology enables knowledge-orientated methods ('enabling technologies') to be supported and put to good practical use. The acute lack of newcomers in the field of nuclear techniques and the narrowing financial situation are strengthening the GRS approach. To show the operational actions of knowledge management in a complete form a knowledge model has been introduced at GRS that puts the different fields of action into context with the normative and strategic goals. That model will be presented. A further section will illuminate the supporting means for practical knowledge management, whether these are procedures for the daily work or tools like the GRS Portal, the Document Management System or tools for online collaboration. Under its caption 'project oriented knowledge

  19. Intelligent management in the knowledge economy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Junghagen, Sven; Linderoth, Henrik

    The knowledge economy is a notion that has been used, since the 1990s, to describe a new economic order perceived by scholars and practitioners. The authors argue that this order, triggered by new information and communication technologies, has resulted in a different set of challenges...... for effective management of the contemporary firm. Knowledge will play an important role in managing these challenges, with the onus being on new hardware and software as much as how businesses can be organized with regard to relationships with customers and suppliers. This volume shows how "intelligent...... and methods to case studies concerning the organization of business, its management and application in the knowledge economy....

  20. Librarians' Attitudes toward Knowledge Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aharony, Noa

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to develop an understanding of the factors that support or constrain the individual's sharing knowledge in the organization. The current study seeks to explore whether personality (self-efficacy and self-esteem) and situational (cognitive appraisal: threat versus challenge) characteristics influence participants'…

  1. Knowledge management in learning communities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guizzardi-Silva Souza, R.; Wagner, G.; Aroyo, L.M.

    2005-01-01

    Collaborative learning motivates active participation of individuals in their learning process, which often results in the attaining of creative and critical thinking skills. In this way, students and teachers are viewed as both providers and consumers of knowledge gathered in environments where eve

  2. Architecture Framework for Fault Management Assessment And Design (AFFMAD) Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Architecture Framework for Fault Management Assessment And Design (AFFMAD) is a constraint-checking system for FM trade space exploration that provides rigorous...

  3. Smart Traffic Management Protocol Based on VANET architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amilcare Francesco Santamaria

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays one of the hottest theme in wireless environments research is the application of the newest technologies to road safety problems and traffic management exploiting the (VANET architecture. In this work, a novel protocol that aims to achieve a better traffic management is proposed. The overal system is able to reduce traffic level inside the city exploiting inter-communication among vehicles and support infrastructures also known as (V2V and (V2I communications. We design a network protocol called (STMP that takes advantages of IEEE 802.11p standard. On each road several sensors system are placed and they are responsible of monitoring. Gathered data are spread in the network exploiting ad-hoc protocol messages. The increasing knowledge about environment conditions make possible to take preventive actions. Moreover, having a realtime monitoring of the lanes it is possible to reveal roads and city blocks congestions in a shorter time. An external entity to the (VANET is responsible to manage traffic and rearrange traffic along the lanes of the city avoiding huge traffic levels.

  4. Towards a framework for managing enterprise architecture acceptance / Sonja Gilliland

    OpenAIRE

    Gilliland, Sonja

    2014-01-01

    An enterprise is a complex and changing entity, which is managed and maintained by humans. Enterprise architecture has been identified as an organisational strategy designed to assist enterprises with the understanding of complexity and the management of change. Acceptance, implementation and maintenance of enterprise architecture in organisations are complex and time-consuming. Work roles, responsibilities, common vocabulary, and buy-in are some of the cooperative human factors of stakeholde...

  5. A QoS Management and Control Architecture for Intranet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    With the appearance of application, such as VoIP and VOD, traditional best-effort service of network cant meet the needs of these applications. This paper proposes a QoS management and control architecture for Intranet, through which guaranteed services of network can be implemented in Intranet. In this architecture, there is a QoS control server, which is responsible for QoS control and management,while the router forwards packets according to the command from it.

  6. IT ENABLED KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.P.THAPLIYAL

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available There is a high dependence on IT for knowledge sharing in multinationals and the expectations from IT is high. The risk to fall into the trap of investments for expensive IT solutions is very high for multinational companies. Multinational companies possess dispersed knowledge all around the world and it is important to recognize that most of the part of this knowledge is tacit. Therefore even though IT facilitate the knowledge management and sharing between different units of multinational companies, it is crucial to develop other means to share the tacit part of the knowledge base.

  7. Evaluation Research as a Mechanism for Critical Inquiry and Knowledge Construction in Architectural and Urban Education

    OpenAIRE

    Salama, Ashraf M.

    2012-01-01

    This article responds to the misconceptions that continue to characterize the delivery of knowledge content in architectural courses. Based on reviewing the literature on pedagogy the paper explores the value and benefits of introducing evaluation research as a mechanism for critical inquiry and knowledge construction in theory courses in architecture and urbanism. A framework is developed and employed to demonstrate the way in which this type of learning can be incorporated.   The developmen...

  8. "Science" and "Art" in landscape architecture knowledge production

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lenzholzer, S.

    2013-01-01

    Within landscape architecture, two main approaches exist in the discipline- one art and one science related approach. Much criticism arose on outdoor space design that relies on either ‘art’ or ‘science’ approaches. This caused avoidance and underuse of many outdoor spaces. At the basis are two prob

  9. Knowledge management in the learning economy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundvall, Bengt-Åke

    The purpose of this paper is to show why to build ‘learning organisations' must be a central element of knowledge management. The paper argues that the wide use of information technology has a contradictory impact on knowledge management. On the one hand it extends the potential for codifying...... organisation, are more innovative than the average firm. The paper contributes to the empirical foundation for the argument that learning organisations stimulate innovation and competence building and it makes an original conceptual contribution of practical relevance by linking knowledge management to HRM...... knowledge. On the other hand it makes tacit knowledge scarcer and it contributes to the formation of ‘a learning economy'. The argument is supported by an empirical analysis of survey data from Denmark showing that firms that introduce several organisational practices, assumed to characterise the learning...

  10. VIRTUAL LITERACY AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio López-Barajas Zayas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Computer literacy has become a necessity, particularly in the so-called advanced societies. The term refers to the level of ability that citizens have to achieve a specific objective, which is to use basic computer tools. This ability is defined as a certain lasting skill acquired through practice in these new technological forms. The Knowledge as well as the Information Society are characterized by the general use of these new information and communication technologies (ICT, or refer to any human environment or activity that facilitates the streamlining of available resources, whether for individuals or organizations. Computer literacy is considered a significant learning process through which the necessary technological knowledge is acquired to exploit what might be more precisely referred to as info-technologies, for purposes of improving the quality of processes and results for any service or product.

  11. Software Management Environment (SME) concepts and architecture, revision 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendrick, Robert; Kistler, David; Valett, Jon

    1992-01-01

    This document presents the concepts and architecture of the Software Management Environment (SME), developed for the Software Engineering Branch of the Flight Dynamic Division (FDD) of GSFC. The SME provides an integrated set of experience-based management tools that can assist software development managers in managing and planning flight dynamics software development projects. This document provides a high-level description of the types of information required to implement such an automated management tool.

  12. INSPEC database analysis for Knowledge Management records

    OpenAIRE

    Prakasan, E.R.; Anil Sagar, *; Anil Kumar; Kalyane, V. L.; Vijai Kumar, *

    2006-01-01

    The study deals with the Knowledge Management papers covered in the INSPEC, an international database on Information Science, Physical Sciences, Engineering and Computer Sciences. The papers have been analysed in terms of their content and other scientometric parameters.

  13. Identifying the Components of a Knowledge Management Strategy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aagaard, Annabeth; Jennex, Murray

    2016-01-01

    What should a good knowledge management strategy incorporate? This paper uses a study that compares a proposed set of knowledge management strategy components to the outcomes of knowledge management projects/initiatives. As expected it was found that highly successful knowledge management projects....../initiatives are more likely to have the proposed set of knowledge management strategy components than less successful to unsuccessful knowledge management projects/initiatives. The conclusion of the paper is that the proposed set of knowledge management strategy components is an appropriate list that knowledge...... management practitioners and researchers can use to construct an organization’s knowledge management strategy....

  14. Information Technologies for the Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    Matthias Dressler; Daniel Perez

    2007-01-01

    In this work is realized an exploratory analysis of the relation between the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and the knowledge management. The mentioned relation is not established in an random way, if not from the study of the theoretical and technical evolution of the ICT this approaches his convergence with the direction of the knowledge. In this moment, from the spiral of knowledge of Nonaka and Takeuchi and the identification of three big blocks of barriers to the manageme...

  15. Global Networks, Knowledge Management and World Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Silvio M. Brondoni

    2011-01-01

    Global markets are revolutionising the basic concepts of research, manufacturing and marketing, and developing corporate networks based on competitive alliances. In global managerial economics, knowledge management thus becomes the crucial competitive factor, creating knowledge production hubs, particularly in cities with a high level of intangible consumption, where people, capital and ideas are concentrated (consumer hubs). The level of aggregation of knowledge production and intangible con...

  16. MANAGING ORGANIZATIONAL KNOWLEDGE WHILE DOWNSIZING ORGANIZATIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Mirjana PETKOVIC; Aleksic Miric, Ana

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we investigate potential influence of organizational downsizing on organizational knowledge and learning. We discuss organizational downsizing in order to show that in large it is an issue of organizational design, and as such, managerial activity that must be coordinated with another - managing organizational knowledge. From this standpoint, we theorize that if these two managerial activities are not coordinated, organizational downsizing can lead to uncontrolled knowledge leak...

  17. Safety and Mission Assurance Knowledge Management Retention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Teresa A.

    2006-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews the issues surrounding the management of knowledge in regards to safety and mission assurance. The JSC workers who were hired in the 1960's are slated to retire in the next two to three years. The experiences and knowledge of these NASA workers must be identified, and disseminated. This paper reviews some of the strategies that the S&MA is developing to capture that valuable institutional knowledge.

  18. BOOK REVIEW: Case Studies in Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    Reviewed by Dr. Adnan BOYACI

    2005-01-01

    161Case Studies in Knowledge ManagementEdited by Murray JennexHersley: PA: Idea Group, 2005, pp. 372, ISBN 1-59140-352-9Reviewed by Dr. Adnan BOYACIAnadolu UniversityEskişehir-TurkeyKnowledge management (KM) as a structured system and the way to the effectiveness isrelatively new field for the contemporary organizations functioning in different andcompetitive domain of public and private sectors in terms of getting optimal effectivenessunderlined by the concepts such as quality, productivity…...

  19. Managing Knowledge in Global Software Development Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Dingsøyr, Torgeir; Smite, Darja

    2014-01-01

    Software is increasingly developed in global projects, and such projects are challenged by distance, different time zones, and cultural differences. Knowledge management is central to ensuring effective development of a product with the right features and the right level of quality. A central question then is what knowledge management approach to apply in global software development. This article draws on established research in software engineering, combined with three focus groups in two gl...

  20. Knowledge Management Applied To Business Process Reengineering

    OpenAIRE

    Kyupova, Borislava; Rees, John; Penev, Kalin

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to highlight the role of knowledge management (KM) as a critical factor for the business process reengineering (BPR) success. It supports the theory that the knowledge management can supply the dynamic necessary to stimulate successful reengineering and minimize the failure rate and its sources. Implementing KM strategy in reengineering projects will lead to better outcomes, building the support for long-term success into the design of business systems and processes.

  1. Managing knowledge to improve industrial safety

    OpenAIRE

    Debray, Bruno; Abou Assali, Amjad; Lenne, Dominique

    2008-01-01

    The capacity to manage risks and maintain industrial safety is largely based on the capacity of various actors to acquire, maintain and share knowledge on a large variety of subjects. The actors are, of course, the plant operator but also the employees, the competent authorities, the external maintenance teams or internal or external experts in charge of risk assessment and design of risk management. The knowledge ranges from the regulatory framework to the details of a machine or a process b...

  2. Lean Knowledge Management: The Problem of Value

    OpenAIRE

    Rooke, John; Sapountzis, Stelios; Koskela, Lauri; Codinhoto, Ricardo; Kagioglou, Mike

    2010-01-01

    Lean knowledge management is defined here as: getting the right information, in the right form, to the right people at the right time. This definition highlights series of practical problems for knowledge management in the built environment which, in turn, have implications for lean theory. In the terms of TFV theory, the problems that arise from getting information to the right people at the right time are essentially flow (F) issues, but those that are concerned with defin...

  3. Strategic Sustainable Development and Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    Tyler, Kirk; Bibri, Mohamed; Tyler, Norman

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore how organizations can apply the Strategic Sustainable Development (SSD) Framework (Robèrt et al. 2006) as a lens and filter to a Knowledge Management Framework to move an organization towards sustainability. A conceptual framework of Knowledge Management (KM) was developed and then utilized to conduct a sustainability assessment on The Natural Step (TNS) organization as a case study. The researchers explored how an understanding of KM can support SSD a...

  4. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN A HIGH TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    ISABEL CRISTINA DOS SANTOS; JOÃO AMATO NETO

    2009-01-01

    This study aims to contribute to the Knowledge Management Theory under a social perspective. It evaluates the Knowledge Management Cycle applied in a Brazilian high technology-based industry, a former national company which had been privatized in 1994, and passed through a huge organizational transformation and, after few years, became a market leader in one of the most competitive business sectors. Social organization covers Corporative Culture, Human Resources and Leadership aspects seen as...

  5. Knowledge Management in Composition of Construction Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Eva Trinkūnienė; Vaidotas Trinkūnas

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to present a model which will allow knowledge management in construction contracts composition. It was decided to investigate the possibilities to manage knowledge in constructions contracts composition. The complexity of construction process interested parties, construction contract life cycle, multilayer construction contracts modelling possibilities were evaluated. In the following research, model of information system for construction contracts structu...

  6. Knowledge Management in Higher Education in Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chumjit, Surat

    2012-01-01

    This study examines how knowledge management (KM) is applied to higher education in Thailand, and it will also examine whether higher education in Thailand is ready to combine KM with their educational missions in terms of teaching, research, administration, and strategic planning. Knowledge creation and social networking frameworks are used to…

  7. Applying Knowledge Management in Teacher Evaluation Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Essandoh, Albert

    2013-01-01

    Teacher evaluations are underused in public schools, resulting in the loss of knowledge critical to professional development. Knowledge management (KM) theory offers approaches that can lead to improvements in the effectiveness of evaluations and teacher performance. This multiple case study of 9 campuses in an exemplary school district…

  8. Determining the Business Impact of Knowledge Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aaron, Bruce C.

    2009-01-01

    This case study describes an evaluation of business impact and return on investment (ROI) for the Knowledge Exchange, a knowledge management (KM) system within Accenture. The evaluation used a continuous measurement design to allow impact and ROI to be tracked across time and groups. The results demonstrated a significant positive impact on…

  9. Confirming the Stankosky Knowledge Management Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ternes, Carl D., Jr.

    2011-01-01

    As a managerial construct, knowledge management (KM) optimizes organizational knowledge assets to achieve sustainable business advantages by connecting people with the intellectual resources needed to operate more effectively. Yet KM may have its greatest impact when used with repeatable, systems engineering-based "frameworks." As such, this study…

  10. MSFC Propulsion Systems Department Knowledge Management Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caraccioli, Paul A.

    2007-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the Knowledge Management (KM) project of the Propulsion Systems Department at Marshall Space Flight Center. KM is needed to support knowledge capture, preservation and to support an information sharing culture. The presentation includes the strategic plan for the KM initiative, the system requirements, the technology description, the User Interface and custom features, and a search demonstration.

  11. An overview of agents in knowledge management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dignum, M.V.

    2008-01-01

    Current developments in Knowledge Management concern the sharing and usage of knowledge in dynamic environments. The need for systems that both react to and anticipate the needs and expectations of users calls for flexible and adaptable development and implementation frameworks. These are exactly th

  12. Topic Maps Based Project Knowledge Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Xiaofan; Zhou Liang; Zhang Lei; Li Lingzhi; Ding Qiulin

    2006-01-01

    Based on topic maps, a preprocessing scheme using similarity comparision is presented and applied in knowledge management.Topic and occurrence-oriented merging algorithm is also introduced to implement knowledge integration for the sub-system. An Omnigator-supported example from an aeroaustic institute is utilised to validate the preprocessing method and the result indicates it can speed up the research schedule.

  13. ELECTRONIC DISCLOSURE AND FINANCIAL KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jerome YEN; Percy YUEN; Belinna BAI

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, we reported the benefits of using eXtended Markup Language (XML) to support financial knowledge management and discussed number of issues associated with developing an XML-based financial knowledge management system. Current searching engines do not provide sufficient performance in terms of recall, precision, and extensibility for financial knowledge management, because the data represented in HTML format cannot support financial knowledge management effectively. On the other hand, XML provides a vendor-neutral approach to structure and organize contents as XML authors are allowed to create arbitrary tags to describe the format or structure of data. A prototype of XML-based ELectronic Financial Filing System (ELFFS-XML) is developed, and value-added services such as automatic tag generation and cross-linking related information from different data sources are provided to enable knowledge representation and knowledge generation. We compared the XML-based ELFFS with the original HTML-based ELFFS and SEDAR - an electronic filing system used in Canada, and we found that ELFFS-XML is able to provide much more functionalities to support knowledge management. We also compared our automatic tag generation result with the experts' and investors' choices, and recommended some directions for future development of similar electronic filing systems.

  14. Nuclear knowledge management overview at EDF

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper gives an overview of knowledge management practices within the French nuclear generation park. The study was initially partnered by one of the 19 Nuclear Power-plants, located at Golfech near Toulouse, and then extended to a more general overview. Golfech is a 650 people unit, from which 25 of them were interviewed to carry out the study. This staff was made of managers, experts, seniors and juniors, all of them being working at Golfech in the different skills for nuclear generation needs: driving, engineering, maintenance, safety, environment, etc. They were questioned about their practices, tools and organisations concerning creating, sharing, transferring, and renewing knowledge. A general knowledge management model was derived from this study. It shows that the professional knowledge, in any industrial sector, is the result of four learning processes: an education-oriented process, a codified and normative learning process, a context-based collective learning process and an experience-based individual learning process. These learning processes inter-operate through any kind of activity, and they induce four knowledge structures: the basic knowledge, the technical knowledge, the know-how and the experiential knowledge. In conclusion, the model explains how the firm learns and, in the same time, how everybody as a single individual learns. It is a crucial point to understand how the knowledge-based economy runs, as a constant interconnection between two opposite but complementary forces: the collective and the individual ones. (author)

  15. Management's knowledge of information technology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boersma, SKT; Stegwee, RA; Barta, BZ; Tatnall, A; Juliff, P

    1997-01-01

    Information Technology (IT) has always been the playground of technical specialists. In this paper we argue no changes in this respect, but rather that the management of an organisation becomes aware of what the technical specialists are actually doing. This cannot be achieved by teaching tomorrow's

  16. Moving from Librarian to Knowledge Manager

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melissa Fraser-Arnott

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Embracing knowledge management (KM, or at least learning how to align one’s work with knowledge management vocabulary and processes within an organization, can prove beneficial to librarians whether they are working inside or outside of a library setting. For library and information science (LIS professionals seeking opportunities outside of library settings, knowledge management projects, which may be led by teams from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds, provide an opportunity that matches the skillset they have developed through their LIS education or through employment experience in a library. For libraries, particularly special and corporate libraries trying to articulate their value to funding or strategic decision making bodies, repositioning the work the library does in terms of knowledge management may prove beneficial as it allows the library to demonstrate its potential contributions to organizational goals and its ability to directly help business units. This article provides a brief introduction to knowledge management for LIS professionals who are unfamiliar with the concept or practice, identifies some barriers that have prevented libraries from engaging in KM activities in the past, outlines the competencies that are required to practice KM, and provides some directions on how LIS professionals can develop these competencies. The article provides readers interested in pursuing opportunities in knowledge management with the background information they need to get started.

  17. Knowledge And Knowledge Management As A Competitive Advantage

    OpenAIRE

    Diana Bratic

    2010-01-01

    In the modern business environment with high turbulence and complexity, an organization’s force to create and sustain competitive advantage lies in what it knows, not what it owns. Establishment of a knowledge management in organization will ensure sustainable competitive advantage because the intellectual capital has become the primary bases of core competencies and the key to superior performance.                    The transition from industrial to knowledge society, effective use of knowl...

  18. Analysis of Relationship between Knowledge Management and Customer Relationship Management with Customer Knowledge Management (Case Study At Azaran Valve Co.)

    OpenAIRE

    Sayyed Mohsen Allameh; Arash Shahin; Babak Tabanifar

    2012-01-01

    Knowledge management (KM) and customer relationship management (CRM) are both emphasized on the allocation of resources to business supportive activities in order to gain competitive advantages.. Merging the two concepts of knowledge management and customer relationship management in customer knowledge management (CKM) model can promote the benefits of employing each of them and reduce the risk of implementation failure. This study sought to analyze the relationship between knowledge manageme...

  19. Experience with knowledge management at GRS - Part 2: Capturing expert knowledge and knowledge preservation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The incentives for implementation of knowledge management at GRS came from the growing concern about the loss of competence due to the retirement of many experts in the company. Since this problem is common to many of the German organizations in the nuclear field, a concept was developed which considered the application of knowledge management to a network of organizations. However, it was generally agreed that as a first step, GRS should implement its own knowledge management programme, which could help other organizations to assess the advantages and difficulties in the development of knowledge management tools and methods. In early 2001, the first efforts in developing a knowledge management programme at GRS focused on providing a sound basis for document management. Documents were traditionally stored in a large variety of different document repositories, such as databases and fileshares, as well as in paper document libraries. In addition, a platform had to be provided for exchanging information throughout the company. The solution adopted focused on an enterprise portal developed on the basis of MS Sharepoint Portal Server. In the next step, project activities were identified as the core business process which would gain from knowledge management techniques. A project server integrating project management software and project portals was set up and integrated with the portal. In parallel, methods and tools for capturing expert knowledge and knowledge preservation were studied and tested. In particular, knowledge representation and acquisition methods were tried out in prototype applications. These methods are ready to be deployed on a larger scale, taking advantage of the cooperation and document management features provided by the portal. The experience gained in knowledge management at GRS based on the lessons learned in the three years of activities and future development goals are presented in the paper. (author)

  20. Gestalteconomy: Paradigm of knowledge management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maisseu, A. [Grenoble Ecole de Management, Europole, 12 rue Pierre Semard, 38003 Grenoble Cedex 01 (France)]. E-mail: andre.maisseu@wanadoo.fr

    2004-07-01

    Conventional economic analyses, whether integrationist or reductionist, whether inspired by Keynesian, neo-classic or Marxist theory, are all based on several dogmas. To varying degrees, these 'revealed truths' include the dogma of general equilibrium, the dogma of reversible processes, the dogma of conservative economics, the existence of work as a production factor measured in hours, etc. The implementation of these dogmas is frequently out of phase with reality. It is thus very difficult to introduce technology, technological innovation and technical progress correctly into all the theoretical constructions derived from the application of these principles. The same applies to the consideration of pollution and the depletion of natural resources. These difficult problems, which bedevil the definition of a sustainable development, find no satisfactory answer in these theoretical considerations. The considering of knowledge as a production factor helps to resolve these difficulties, in opening the door to the definition of the framework for sustainability: Gestaleconomy. (author)

  1. Gestalteconomy: Paradigm of knowledge management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Conventional economic analyses, whether integrationist or reductionist, whether inspired by Keynesian, neo-classic or Marxist theory, are all based on several dogmas. To varying degrees, these 'revealed truths' include the dogma of general equilibrium, the dogma of reversible processes, the dogma of conservative economics, the existence of work as a production factor measured in hours, etc. The implementation of these dogmas is frequently out of phase with reality. It is thus very difficult to introduce technology, technological innovation and technical progress correctly into all the theoretical constructions derived from the application of these principles. The same applies to the consideration of pollution and the depletion of natural resources. These difficult problems, which bedevil the definition of a sustainable development, find no satisfactory answer in these theoretical considerations. The considering of knowledge as a production factor helps to resolve these difficulties, in opening the door to the definition of the framework for sustainability: Gestaleconomy. (author)

  2. Knowledge Management and Changes Management In University Libraries

    OpenAIRE

    Radoje Cvejic; Jelena Mijailovic

    2009-01-01

    The knowledge economy is a new concept that has appeared world wide in recent years. As a sub-discipline of the knowledge economy, knowlege management is a completely new concept and method of management. In this environment libraries becomes more significant. The conventional functions of a library are to collect, process, disseminate and store information and documents in order to provide services for the society. In the knowledge economy era, the library will become a ...

  3. Managing Knowledge Assets in Project Environments

    OpenAIRE

    Ionel NĂFTĂNĂILĂ

    2012-01-01

    Knowledge, as the main source of competitive advantage in today’s knowledge-based society, is often a fuzzy concept, with no direct referent in the real world. In order to conceptualize it people use the metaphor of knowledge assets, assets that can be managed, evaluated, invested in, and that became the main source of value creation within the organization. The paper’s main purpose is to present an overview of the perspectives on knowledge assets for a better identification of what they comp...

  4. KNOWLEDGE, INTELECTUAL CAPITAL AND QUALITY MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stevan Živojinović

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available From the contemporary change management paradigm and new, knowledge-based economy, we emphasize the impact of advanced managerial tools. As evidenced in practice, simultaneous implementation of several management approaches, concepts and methods brings about more integral corporate success. We advocate integration of up-to-date approaches - knowledge management (KM and intellectual capital management (ICM as well as balanced scorecard (BSC under the "conceptional umbrella" of quality management, i.e. quality management system (QMS and total quality management (TQM. Interrelating elements of these management concepts through comparison of respective characteristics, differences and similarities, connections and complementary activities, we establish relations and interdependence which result in synergy when applied concurrently. QMS implementation (in accordance with ISO 9000 standard series, enroute to TQM, KM is improved, intellectual capital enlarged (via knowledge, skills, motivation, management systems, procedures, information and product flow, customer and other stakeholder relations and application of BSC facilitated. Conversely, KM and BSC improve opportunities for attaining organisational and business excellence. All mentioned concepts can be viewed as facets of modern integral management model, in continual dynamic interaction that brings about a potential for improved competitive advantage and business performance.

  5. Distributed Knowledge Management in eLearning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    With the wide application of Internet in elearning, the requirement of reusable, sharable learning objects and adaptive learning strategies becomes common ground. Traditional methods of Web resources publishing and managing such as free publishing or building application systems for special purposes are not good at fast discovering and aggregating knowledge. This paper discusses Meta-data structure in elearning, which facilitates searching, managing and linking granules of learning contents. Applying Web services and UDDI techniques, a system of knowledge management on Web based on Meta-data is proposed and some questions in application are discussed.

  6. Knowledge-Based Software Management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Management of software in a dynamic environment such as is found at Jefferson Lab can be a daunting task. Software development tasks are distributed over a wide range of people with varying skill levels. The machine configuration is constantly changing requiring upgrades to software at both the hardware control level and the operator control level. In order to obtain high quality support from vendor service agreements, which is vital to maintaining 24/7 operations, hardware and software must be kept at industry's current levels. This means that periodic upgrades independent of machine configuration changes must take place. It is often difficult to identify and organize the information needed to guide the process of development, upgrades and enhancements. Dependencies between support software and applications need to be consistently identified to prevent introducing errors during upgrades and to allow adequate testing to be planned and performed. Developers also need access to information regarding compilers, make files and organized distribution directories. This paper describes a system under development at Jefferson Lab which will provide software developers and managers this type of information in a timely user-friendly fashion. The current status and future plans for the system will be detailed

  7. A Design Thinking Approach to Teaching Knowledge Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shouhong; Wang, Hai

    2008-01-01

    Pedagogies for knowledge management courses are still undeveloped. This Teaching Tip introduces a design thinking approach to teaching knowledge management. An induction model used to guide students' real-life projects for knowledge management is presented. (Contains 1 figure.)

  8. Accident knowledge and emergency management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rasmussen, B.; Groenberg, C.D.

    1997-03-01

    The report contains an overall frame for transformation of knowledge and experience from risk analysis to emergency education. An accident model has been developed to describe the emergency situation. A key concept of this model is uncontrolled flow of energy (UFOE), essential elements are the state, location and movement of the energy (and mass). A UFOE can be considered as the driving force of an accident, e.g., an explosion, a fire, a release of heavy gases. As long as the energy is confined, i.e. the location and movement of the energy are under control, the situation is safe, but loss of confinement will create a hazardous situation that may develop into an accident. A domain model has been developed for representing accident and emergency scenarios occurring in society. The domain model uses three main categories: status, context and objectives. A domain is a group of activities with allied goals and elements and ten specific domains have been investigated: process plant, storage, nuclear power plant, energy distribution, marine transport of goods, marine transport of people, aviation, transport by road, transport by rail and natural disasters. Totally 25 accident cases were consulted and information was extracted for filling into the schematic representations with two to four cases pr. specific domain. (au) 41 tabs., 8 ills.; 79 refs.

  9. Accident knowledge and emergency management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report contains an overall frame for transformation of knowledge and experience from risk analysis to emergency education. An accident model has been developed to describe the emergency situation. A key concept of this model is uncontrolled flow of energy (UFOE), essential elements are the state, location and movement of the energy (and mass). A UFOE can be considered as the driving force of an accident, e.g., an explosion, a fire, a release of heavy gases. As long as the energy is confined, i.e. the location and movement of the energy are under control, the situation is safe, but loss of confinement will create a hazardous situation that may develop into an accident. A domain model has been developed for representing accident and emergency scenarios occurring in society. The domain model uses three main categories: status, context and objectives. A domain is a group of activities with allied goals and elements and ten specific domains have been investigated: process plant, storage, nuclear power plant, energy distribution, marine transport of goods, marine transport of people, aviation, transport by road, transport by rail and natural disasters. Totally 25 accident cases were consulted and information was extracted for filling into the schematic representations with two to four cases pr. specific domain. (au) 41 tabs., 8 ills.; 79 refs

  10. An insight into Knowledge Management Practices within Norwegian Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    Knowledge management is an emerging discipline and the number of books and articles are growing rapidly. Still there does not exist one ambiguous definition the writers agree on, but they agree that knowledge management is a set of methods and tools to improve organizations to exploit knowledge. One of the key issues in knowledge management is the definition of knowledge. We have studied a range of knowledge and knowledge management definitions and based on these definitions defined knowledge...

  11. Including knowledge creation & enabling in risk management

    OpenAIRE

    Hop, Eirik

    2015-01-01

    As a contribution to Statoil Technical Efficiency Programme (STEP), has the thesis looked at how to improve the risk management process in Statoil ASA. Through theoretical research was the primary research question created: “How can knowledge creation & enabling improve our understanding of risk management?” To create a theoretical foundation, the thesis looked at principles, methods, and models for the adequate assessment and management of risk. This includes a new perspective on ri...

  12. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN E-ENVIORNMENT WRESTLE FOR LIS PROFESSIONALS

    OpenAIRE

    Dr.K.VINITHA

    2012-01-01

    Knowledge is power-Knowledge Management (KM) helps us to share, learn and regenerate the new Knowledge. The economical IT potential infrastructure for Knowledge exchange has opened up important Knowledge Management opportunity. The paper speaks about Knowledge management, its process, concept and importance in KM era. Various modules of Knowledge management are discussed. Human resource management (HRM) and its application in Library and Information centers are noted.

  13. APPLICATION OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN MANAGEMENT EDUCATION: A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

    OpenAIRE

    Jayanthi Ranjan; Saani Khalil

    2007-01-01

    The paper presents a conceptual framework in the context of Knowledge Management (KM) in Business Schools (B-schools) in India. We believe that if the framework is adopted in business schools, it will yield more benefits to increase the quality of knowledge sharing. There has been indeed a paradigm shift in management education in India. The new breed of management professionals need to be efficient to tackle problems from cross functional, cultural and ethical perspectives and equipped with ...

  14. Architectural design of flexible process management technology

    OpenAIRE

    Reichert, Manfred; Dadam, Peter; Jurisch, Martin; Kreher, Ulrich; Göser, Kevin; Lauer, Markus

    2008-01-01

    To provide effective support, process-aware information systems (PAIS) must not freeze existing business processes. Instead they should enable authorized users to deviate on-the-fly from the implemented processes and to dynamically evolve them over time. While there has been a lot of work on the theoretical foundations of dynamic process changes, there is still a lack of PAIS implementing this dynamics. Designing the architecture of respective technology constitutes a big challenge due to the...

  15. Documenting and Managing Service Oriented Software Architectures

    OpenAIRE

    Väyrynen, Marko

    2012-01-01

    Arek Ltd. provides IT services to pension insurance sector of Finland. The earnings logic of Arek is based on SaaS business model. The technological environment in Arek is heterogeneous and technology landscape consists from both modern J2EE and legacy mainframe systems. Oldest of the systems were built in 1980's and the newest ones are built couple of years ago. During the years, the architecture of these systems was documented in great variety, with different notations and abstraction level...

  16. MAS architecture and knowledge model for vehicles data communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    René MANDIAU

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-ansi-language:EN-US;} Completely autonomous vehicles in traffic should allow to decrease the number of road accident victims greatly, and should allow gains in terms of performance and economy. Modelling the vehicles interaction, and especially knowledge sharing, is one of the main challenges to optimize traffic flow with autonomous vehicles. We propose in this paper a model of knowledge communication between mobile agents on a traffic network. The model of knowledge and of interaction enables to propagate new knowledge without overloading the system with a too large number of communications. For that, only the new knowledge is communicated, and two agents communicate the same knowledge only once. Moreover, in order to allow agents to update their knowledge (perceived or created, a notion of degradation is used. A simulator has been built to evaluate the proposal, before to implement it in mobile robots. Some results of the simulator are proposed in this article.

  17. MAS architecture and knowledge model for vehicles data communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel ADAM

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-ansi-language:EN-US;} Completely autonomous vehicles in traffic should allow to decrease the number of road accident victims greatly, and should allow gains in terms of performance and economy. Modelling the vehicles interaction, and especially knowledge sharing, is one of the main challenges to optimize traffic flow with autonomous vehicles. We propose in this paper a model of knowledge communication between mobile agents on a traffic network. The model of knowledge and of interaction enables to propagate new knowledge without overloading the system with a too large number of communications. For that, only the new knowledge is communicated, and two agents communicate the same knowledge only once. Moreover, in order to allow agents to update their knowledge (perceived or created, a notion of degradation is used. A simulator has been built to evaluate the proposal, before to implement it in mobile robots. Some results of the simulator are proposed in this article.

  18. BODIES OF KNOWLEDGE IN PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND PROJECT QUALITY MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Tamara Gvozdenovic; Mirjana Miljanovic; Aleksandar Jegdic; Zeljko Crnogorcic

    2008-01-01

    One of the main trends is standardization of project management. Some of the most important bodies of knowledge in project management, which were created by professional associations for project management are given in this paper. The main of the project management, apart from minimization of time, resources and costs, is to finish the project in the required quality, i.e. it is very important during the whole process of project management to provide realizing the project without any deviatio...

  19. Knowledge management in the NPP domain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report gives an outlook on Knowledge Management (KM) activities within NPP related establishments as of today. There may be less activity in the NPP world as compared to many other industrial sectors. Still there is an awakening within the NPP industry demanding that KM should be attended to at a larger scale. The most notable reason for this is maybe an imminent increase in the number of people going into retirement. The types of establishments involved cover the major kinds such as utilities, research institutes and worldwide nuclear organizations. The report sums up a few of those efforts that are presently being implemented. Moreover the report looks at general advancements within the field of knowledge management. Simply stated the endeavours belong to either one of two classes. The first class emphasize the use of technology to solve knowledge management problems. The second class regard knowledge management as a problem pertaining to human factors and organizational issues. This report maintain that knowledge management initiatives should make due considerations to both perspectives. This report also sums up the Halden Reactor Project short term KM initiative. (Author)

  20. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES IN NEW BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole Kjeldal; Ahmed-Kristensen, Saeema; Jensen, Nevena

    2011-01-01

    The empirical study this paper is based upon, aimed to identify and describe knowledge management challenges, throughout the new business development process. This paper reports findings from the study, as well as the framework used for analysing the KM challenges, which can be applied to other...... better in the early phases. Furthermore, two new roles of the early phase, besides instigating projects, were found. This study contributes to the development of support tools for knowledge management in industry and to research with a deeper understanding of the new business development process....... and changes throughout the new business development process investigated. Significant differences from the early to the late stages of this process were identified, including; shift from personal to codified knowledge transfer and need for supporting integration of knowledge from diverse domains...

  1. SOCIAL CRM FOR CUSTOMER KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorota Buchnowska

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The recent development and expansion of Web 2.0 technologies have created remarkable opportunities for Customer Knowledge Management (CKM. The goals of this paper are to analyze how organizations can apply Social CRM (social technologies integrated with traditional CRM systems systems for CKM and to investigate what benefits they may derive from the use of social technologies. To achieve these objectives, the article shows the concept of Social CRM, differences between CRM and SCRM, and a review of CKM models presented in the literature. Then, there are indicated the possibilities of using SCRM solutions in the processes of customer knowledge management, and there are presented examples of the use of different types of social media in the management of different types of customer knowledge.

  2. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES IN NEW BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole Kjeldal; Ahmed-Kristensen, Saeema; Jensen, Nevena

    The empirical study this paper is based upon, aimed to identify and describe knowledge management challenges, throughout the new business development process. This paper reports findings from the study, as well as the framework used for analysing the KM challenges, which can be applied to other...... case studies for comparison. Six interviews and 2 full-day workshops, gathering the perspectives of 76 people from an energy-utilities company forms the empirical background of the study. Six categories of knowledge management challenges were identified and, within each, central issues were extracted...... better in the early phases. Furthermore, two new roles of the early phase, besides instigating projects, were found. This study contributes to the development of support tools for knowledge management in industry and to research with a deeper understanding of the new business development process....

  3. Managing knowledge sharing in software development organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Olofsson, Malin

    2012-01-01

    In the competitive world of business, more challenges than ever are putting higher pressure on enterprises to become more time-efficient, increase the quality of their offer, and at the same time keep the costs low. For the knowledge-intense business of software development the pressure becomes even higher. With the resources stored in the mind of people, managing the input becomes a very difficult task. By all the different knowledge that needs to be integrated among all different people, kn...

  4. Agent-oriented Constructivist Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    Guizzardi, R.S.S.

    2006-01-01

    Research in Knowledge Management (KM) has evolved substantially in the past 30 years, coming from a centralized view of KM processes to a distributed view, grounded in organizational and cognitive sciences studies that point out the social, distributed, and subjective nature of knowledge. However, KM systems still face considerable resistance, mainly because they generally impose a specific process instead of fitting in the current practices of the organization. This thesis defends a human-ce...

  5. Distributed Knowledge Management in Health Care Administration

    OpenAIRE

    Holm Larsen, Michael; Kühn Pedersen, Mogens

    2004-01-01

    The paper addresses the electronic commerce application field of Health Care Administration. Models for knowledge distribution is a rare commodity in the Health Care Administration. Distributed Knowledge Management (DKM) is a concept that originated as an abstraction of a business model prepared for the mechanical and agricultural industry but holds promises for a more general use. The contribution of this paper is to suggest a new business model based on DKM and show ...

  6. Knowledge management system as a sociotechnical system

    OpenAIRE

    Grundstein, Michel; Rosenthal-Sabroux, Camille

    2007-01-01

    The research effort started at the 2006 Hawaii Conference on System Sciences identifies seven key areas of KM research: KM Foundations, Knowledge Transfers, KM Systems, KM Research Methods, KM Success, Ethical Issues in KM, and KM Education (Jennex, 2006). In this paper, we refer to MGKME, our Model for Global Knowledge Management within the Enterprise (Grundstein & Rosenthal Sabroux, 2005; Grundstein, 2005; Grundstein, 2006). Thus, considering that KM is rooted on a Sociotechnical World that...

  7. Knowledge Management in Virtual Communities of Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Lima, Junio Cesar de; Carvalho, Cedric Luiz de; Ambrosio, Ana Paula Laboissiere

    2010-01-01

    Using an infinity of tools and the web's ease of communication, VCoPs gain space and are today an important domain of research and application, allowing the development of more complete and useful environments for the management of knowledge, i.e., the sharing of their best practices by the community members. For an effective knowledge transfer between community members it is necessary a high level of confidence between the members and a strong cooperation and collaboration culture. This conf...

  8. Knowledge Management and Measurement: a Critical Review

    OpenAIRE

    Arisha, Amr; Ragab, Mohamed

    2013-01-01

    Purpose - Knowledge is the currency of the current economy, a vital organisational asset and a key to creating a sustainable competitive advantage. The consequent interest in Knowledge Management (KM) has spurred an exponential increase in publications covering a broad spectrum of diverse and overlapping research areas. The purpose of this paper is to provide a literature review and categorised analysis of the rapidly growing number of KM publications, and offer a comprehensive reference for ...

  9. Nuclear Knowledge Management in Isotope Hydrology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In large organizations like the water sector of Jordan the senior front-line staff are often very dispersed geographically, which limits the normal communication pattern among them. Typically, there are also few mechanisms for sharing information between that staffs working in the same field at the different locations. It was found that at these dispersed locations many research and studies were repeated and scientists and experts were occasionally not being updated of work carried out on common topics. For example Amman- Zarqa basin and Azraq basins were studied extensively and the work was repeated over and over and still we don't have a full register of all studies carried out in these basins. The same applies for the studies carried out in the strategic Disi aquifer in the south of Jordan. The water sector in Jordan is particularly confronted by the impacts of an aging staff in the field of Isotope hydrology. Long-serving staff has a depth of knowledge that is relied upon by other new coming staff. Little effort has been put into capturing or managing knowledge at an organizational level. In this situation, the loss of these key staff can have a major impact upon the level of knowledge within the organization. Knowledge management can assist by putting in place a structured mechanism for capturing or transferring this knowledge when staff retires. The aim of this document is to build up an appropriate up to date model for nuclear knowledge capturing, preservation, interpretation, analysis and visualization. A proper knowledge management scheme in the field of isotope hydrology will lead to proper capture and building more on of the existing nuclear knowledge assets and will create links and communication channels to link more people to each other and to the nuclear knowledge sources.

  10. Learning object repositories as knowledge management systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Demetrios G. Sampson

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Over the past years, a number of international initiatives that recognize the importance of sharing and reusing digital educational resources among educational communities through the use of Learning Object Repositories (LORs have emerged. Typically, these initiatives focus on collecting digital educational resources that are offered by their creators for open access and potential reuse. Nevertheless, most of the existing LORs are designed more as digital repositories, rather than as Knowledge Management Systems (KMS. By exploiting KMSs functionalities in LORs would bare the potential to support the organization and sharing of educational communities’ explicit knowledge (depicted in digital educational resources constructed by teachers and/or instructional designers and tacit knowledge (depicted in teachers’ and students’ experiences and interactions of using digital educational resources available in LORs. Within this context, in this paper we study the design and the implementation of fourteen operating LORs from the KMSs’ perspective, so as to identify additional functionalities that can support the management of educational communities’ explicit and tacit knowledge. Thus, we propose a list of essential LORs’ functionalities, which aim to facilitate the organization and sharing of educational communities’ knowledge. Finally, we present the added value of these functionalities by identifying their importance towards addressing the current demands of web-facilitated educational communities, as well as the knowledge management activities that they execute.

  11. Inquiry and the social : an empirical study of the construction of knowledge in architectural designing

    OpenAIRE

    Berthold, Henning Alexander

    2013-01-01

    This thesis is a study of inquiry. Drawing upon the work of American pragmatist John Dewey, this work seeks to contribute to our understanding of the construction of knowledge within the social system of communities of inquiry. The process of inquiry that is traced in this work is one effected in the course of architectural designing. An ethnographically informed study of an architectural masterplan project is used to illustrate Dewey’s ideas and how they are played out in design practice. Th...

  12. Architecture of next-generation information management systems for digital radiology enterprises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Stephen T. C.; Wang, Huili; Shen, Weimin; Schmidt, Joachim; Chen, George; Dolan, Tom

    2000-05-01

    Few information systems today offer a clear and flexible means to define and manage the automated part of radiology processes. None of them provide a coherent and scalable architecture that can easily cope with heterogeneity and inevitable local adaptation of applications. Most importantly, they often lack a model that can integrate clinical and administrative information to aid better decisions in managing resources, optimizing operations, and improving productivity. Digital radiology enterprises require cost-effective solutions to deliver information to the right person in the right place and at the right time. We propose a new architecture of image information management systems for digital radiology enterprises. Such a system is based on the emerging technologies in workflow management, distributed object computing, and Java and Web techniques, as well as Philips' domain knowledge in radiology operations. Our design adapts the approach of '4+1' architectural view. In this new architecture, PACS and RIS will become one while the user interaction can be automated by customized workflow process. Clinical service applications are implemented as active components. They can be reasonably substituted by applications of local adaptations and can be multiplied for fault tolerance and load balancing. Furthermore, it will provide powerful query and statistical functions for managing resources and improving productivity in real time. This work will lead to a new direction of image information management in the next millennium. We will illustrate the innovative design with implemented examples of a working prototype.

  13. Development of knowledge management infrastructure in organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.I. Sytnik

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to analyze development of knowledge management infrastructure (KM infrastructure at various stages of knowledge management evolution at organization. The results of the analysis. KM infrastructure is an important issue of the improvement of existing knowledge management systems. KM infrastructure could be defined as a set of interrelated organizational factors that ensure long-term operation and development of KM and support organizational processes of knowledge capture, share, accumulation, transfer, and use. Theoretically the concept of KM infrastructure is close to the concept of «ba» – enabling context, space, conditions needed to manage knowledge flows effectively. However, these concepts are not identical and the differences between them are highlighted and discussed in the study. Content analysis of the academic literature devoted to KM provision allowed determining major components of well-developed KM infrastructure. It consists of common knowledge, physical space, human resources management procedures, IT, organizational structure and culture. Their specific roles in KM functioning are discussed. It is shown that KM evolution at organization is associated with the development of corresponding KM infrastructure. At the spontaneous stage employees exchanged data and information on demand and knowledge processes were rather sporadic and badly organized. KM infrastructure incorporated mainly common knowledge (in tacit form and physical space for job-related communications between employees. Growing awareness of knowledge value at high management levels leaded to development of human resources management procedures specific to KM processes support. These procedures were directed mainly at accumulation of personal knowledge through vocational training and enhancing organizational knowledge basis through recruitment of highly qualified employees. The attempts to codify and store valuable

  14. Managing Knowledge Performance: Testing the Components of a Knowledge Management System on Organizational Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Taejun; Korte, Russell

    2014-01-01

    The main purpose of the current study is to validate the framework of knowledge management (KM) capabilities created by Gold ("Towards a theory of organizational knowledge management capabilities." Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill) 2001) in a study of South Korean companies. However, the original framework…

  15. [Creation and management of organizational knowledge].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinyashiki, Gilberto Tadeu; Trevizan, Maria Auxiliadora; Mendes, Isabel Amélia

    2003-01-01

    With a view to creating and establishing a sustainable position of competitive advantage, the best organizations are increasingly investing in the application of concepts such as learning, knowledge and competency. The organization's creation or acquisition of knowledge about its actions represents an intangible resource that is capable of conferring a competitive advantage upon them. This knowledge derives from interactions developed in learning processes that occur in the organizational environment. The more specific characteristics this knowledge demonstrates in relation to the organization, the more it will become the foundation of its core competencies and, consequently, an important strategic asset. This article emphasizes nurses' role in the process of knowledge management, placing them in the intersection between horizontal and vertical information levels as well as in the creation of a sustainable competitive advantage. Authors believe that this contribution may represent an opportunity for a reflection about its implications for the scenarious of health and nursing practices. PMID:14748169

  16. Nuclear knowledge management - challenges and opportunities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Knowledge is by far the most important resource in any area of human endeavor. This is particularly true for a complex area such as nuclear technology, which involves virtually every discipline of physical science and engineering. But knowledge, like any other mission-critical resource, needs to be managed carefully. Clear processes to ensure the relevance, quality, and impact of the knowledge and clear recognition of responsibilities to develop knowledge characterize an effective knowledge management system. There are three main processes for knowledge management: generation, dissemination, and application. Generation includes obtaining information, for example from experiments and experience, interpretation of the information by highly qualified people, and maintaining and updating results. Dissemination includes all the mechanisms for passing knowledge to others such as education, publications, and international programs through such organizations as the IAEA and NEA. Application is the end use of the knowledge to add value to society. The knowledge system is also characterized by different risk/time profiles and different responsibilities for each profile. For example, the nuclear industry needs to focus its efforts on relatively short-term goals to ensure that the current nuclear facility operations and designs are viable from a safety and economic point of view. It is extremely important that this focus not be eroded, since the future of nuclear technology depends on how well it is secured for the present. Governments, on the other hand, have the responsibility to develop knowledge generation for longer-term, higher-risk areas that are strategic or pre-commercial. This creates the long-term vision for nuclear technology, which in turn attracts the highly skilled people that the industry needs. It is important to recognize the different levels of knowledge required for the various nuclear functions. These levels can be classified as know what, know

  17. Home Environment Service Knowledge Management System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Jiang; Rossello Busquet, Ana; Soler, José;

    2011-01-01

    This paper makes three contributions to assist households to control their home devices in an easy way and to simplify the software installation and configuration processes across multi-vendor environments. First, a Home Environment Service Knowledge Management System is proposed, which is based...... on the knowledge implemented by ontology and uses the inference function of reasoner to find out available software services according to household requests. Second, this paper provides a concrete methodology to exploit and acquire conflict-free information from ontology knowledge by using a reasoner. At last...

  18. Knowledge management during decommissioning of Chornobyl NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The article deals with issues on knowledge management during decommissioning by the example of the Chornobyl NPP. This includes how the duration of decommissioning stage, change in organization goal and final state of the site influence on human resources and knowledge management system. The main attention is focused on human assets and intellectual strength of Chornobyl NPP. Mathematical dependencies are proposed to substantiate numerical values. An analysis is given for the current situation, and forecast estimates for values dynamics is performed. The conclusion gives solutions on providing experienced staff in the future.

  19. Romanian sanitary system assisted by knowledge management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel. O. Costache

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available As the medical sciences advances, so does the volume of information which becomes more and more consistent. The health care system is one of the most complex systems encountered in our society. Today, knowledge management practices have been adopted in many Romanian business sectors. However, Romanian health care system is slowly adopting such principles and concepts. This fact is created mainly because of the organizational culture. In the sanitary industry, this barrier is composed both from an organizational perspective and also, from an individual perspective. Through the knowledge management practices, doctors could benefit from the amount of data spread in different geographical regions.

  20. Pattern-based Knowledge Architecture for Information Logistics

    OpenAIRE

    Sandkuhl, Kurt

    2015-01-01

    Accurate and readily available information is a crucial basis for decision making, problem solving, or performing knowledge-intensive work. In networked organizations with geographically distributed work force and processes, like logistics networks or SME-clusters, quickly finding the right information for a given purpose often is a challenge. An improved information supply would contribute significantly to saving time and most likely to improving productivity. The paper aims at contributing ...

  1. Knowledge Network Architecture in Support of International Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hugo, Wim

    2015-04-01

    ICSU (The International Council for Science) created the World Data System (WDS) as an interdisciplinary body at its General Assembly in Maputo in 2008, and since then the membership of the WDS has grown to include 86 members, of whom 56 are institutions or data centres focused on providing quality-assured data and services to the scientific community. In addition to its objective of providing universal and equitable access to such data and services, WDS is also active in promoting stewardship, standards and conventions, and improved access to products derived from data and services. Whereas WDS is in process of aggregating and harmonizing the meta-data collections of its membership, it is clear that additional benefits can be obtained by supplementing such traditional meta-data sources with information about members, authors, and the coverages of the data, as well as metrics such as citation indices, quality indicators, and usability. Moreover, the relationships between the actors and systems that populate this meta-data landscape can be seen as a knowledge network that describes a sub-set of global scientific endeavor. Such a knowledge network is useful in many ways, supporting both machine-based and human requests for contextual information related to a specific data set, institution, author, topic, or other entities in the network. Specific use cases that can be realised include decision and policy support for funding agencies, identification of collaborators, ranking of data sources, availability of data for specific coverages, and many more. The paper defines the scope of and conceptual background to such a knowledge network, discusses some initial work done by WDS to establish the network, and proposes an implementation model for rapid operationalisation. In this model, established interests such as DataCITE, ORCID, and CrossRef have well-defined roles, and the standards, services, and registries required to build a community-maintained, scalable knowledge

  2. WDS Knowledge Network Architecture in Support of International Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mokrane, M.; Minster, J. B. H.; Hugo, W.

    2014-12-01

    ICSU (International Council for Science) created the World Data System (WDS) as an interdisciplinary body at its General Assembly in Maputo in 2008, and since then the membership of the WDS has grown to include 86 members, of whom 56 are institutions or data centers focused on providing quality-assured data and services to the scientific community, and 10 more are entire networks of such data facilities and services. In addition to its objective of providing universal and equitable access to scientific data and services, WDS is also active in promoting stewardship, standards and conventions, and improved access to products derived from data and services. Whereas WDS is in process of aggregating and harmonizing the metadata collections of its membership, it is clear that additional benefits can be obtained by supplementing such traditional metadata sources with information about members, authors, and the coverages of the data, as well as metrics such as citation indices, quality indicators, and usability. Moreover, the relationships between the actors and systems that populate this metadata landscape can be seen as a knowledge network that describes a subset of global scientific endeavor. Such a knowledge network is useful in many ways, supporting both machine-based and human requests for contextual information related to a specific data set, institution, author, topic, or other entities in the network. Specific use cases that can be realized include decision and policy support for funding agencies, identification of collaborators, ranking of data sources, availability of data for specific coverages, and many more. The paper defines the scope of and conceptual background to such a knowledge network, discusses some initial work done by WDS to establish the network, and proposes an implementation model for rapid operationalization. In this model, established interests such as DataCite, ORCID, and CrossRef have well-defined roles, and the standards, services, and

  3. Evaluation Research as a Mechanism for Critical Inquiry and Knowledge Construction in Architectural and Urban Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashraf M. Salama

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article responds to the misconceptions that continue to characterize the delivery of knowledge content in architectural courses. Based on reviewing the literature on pedagogy the paper explores the value and benefits of introducing evaluation research as a mechanism for critical inquiry and knowledge construction in theory courses in architecture and urbanism. A framework is developed and employed to demonstrate the way in which this type of learning can be incorporated.   The development and implementation of a series of in-class and off campus exercises in two different contexts reveal that structured actions and experiences help students to be in control over their learning while invigorating their understanding of the body of knowledge delivered in a typical lecture format. It firmly believed that this would offer students multiple learning opportunities while fostering their capabilities to shift from passive listeners to active learners and from knowledge consumers to knowledge producers.

  4. Experiences with Architectural Software Configuration Management in Ragnarok

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Henrik Bærbak

    1998-01-01

    This paper describes a model, denoted architectural software configuration management, that minimises the gap between software design and configuration management by allowing developers to do configuration- and version control of the abstractions and hierarchy in a software architecture. The model...... emphasises traceability and reproducibility by unifying the concepts version and bound configuration. Experiences with such a model, implemented in a prototype “Ragnarok”, from three real-life, small- to medium-sized, software development projects are reported. The conclusion is that the presented model is...... viable and “feels natural ” for software developers....

  5. Programmable bandwidth management in software-defined EPON architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chengjun; Guo, Wei; Wang, Wei; Hu, Weisheng; Xia, Ming

    2016-07-01

    This paper proposes a software-defined EPON architecture which replaces the hardware-implemented DBA module with reprogrammable DBA module. The DBA module allows pluggable bandwidth allocation algorithms among multiple ONUs adaptive to traffic profiles and network states. We also introduce a bandwidth management scheme executed at the controller to manage the customized DBA algorithms for all date queues of ONUs. Our performance investigation verifies the effectiveness of this new EPON architecture, and numerical results show that software-defined EPONs can achieve less traffic delay and provide better support to service differentiation in comparison with traditional EPONs.

  6. ARCHITECTURE SOFTWARE SOLUTION TO SUPPORT AND DOCUMENT MANAGEMENT QUALITY SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milan Eric

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the basis of a series of standards JUS ISO 9000 is quality system documentation. An architecture of the quality system documentation depends on the complexity of business system. An establishment of an efficient management documentation of system of quality is of a great importance for the business system, as well as in the phase of introducing the quality system and in further stages of its improvement. The study describes the architecture and capability of software solutions to support and manage the quality system documentation in accordance with the requirements of standards ISO 9001:2001, ISO 14001:2005 HACCP etc.

  7. Knowledge Loss: Managing Local Knowledge in Rural Uzbekistan

    OpenAIRE

    Wall, Caleb; Evers, Hans-Dieter

    2006-01-01

    Knowledge loss is not a remote phenomenon, unique to one knowledge system. Rather we argue that the loss of knowledge is an issue for other knowledge systems as well. Knowledge loss is certainly a concern for anthropologists working on indigenous knowledge, fearful of ‘losing’ indigenous knowledge entirely as a result of modernisation (cf. Cox, 2000). Equally, staff movements within the corporate world probably lead to a large amount of knowledge displacement, yet staff (and thus knowledge) r...

  8. KNOWLEDGE IN THE FUNCTION OF ENTERPRISE MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Marijan Karic; Masa Slabinac; Ivan Kristek

    2010-01-01

    Modern information and communication technology systems have accelerated processes of providing knowledge and enabled its organized utilization for the purposes of managing a firm. The quality of enterprise management has been significantly increased by the development of different techniques of organizational learning. Experiences so far have shown that the implementation of these techniques can help organizations in pursuing two types of organizational learning: adaptive and generative. Whi...

  9. Human Capital in the Knowledge Based Management

    OpenAIRE

    Ion PETRESCU

    2010-01-01

    All over the world, the problem of human capital acknowledge, it’s ways and means of shaping in order to improve it’s creative potential, tends to occupy a suitable place in the ensemble of all the organization’s management science and practice concerns. This study aims that, according to the theoretical ang pragmatical aquisitions, to present conceptual boundries about the human capital involvement in the knowledge based management. It starts with presenting the relations ballance and philos...

  10. KNOWLEDGE STRUCTURE OF THE CORPORATION: THE KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND SERVICE COMMUNICATIONS AND DOCUMENTATION MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Yermolenko V. V.; Lanskaya D. V.; Volkova L. I.

    2015-01-01

    The following research problems are solved in the article: practice of domestic corporations of documenting of process of accumulation of knowledge is generalized, the knowledge structure of development of the intellectual human capital of corporation is investigated, the model of the project of a management system of knowledge in corporation and its communication and documentary maintenance is offered, the essence of new ways of documenting of knowledge and feature of network documenting of ...

  11. Toward E-Knowledge Based Complaint Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdelfatteh Triki

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Service failure and recovery is a well-established area of services research. Research has shown that service recovery is critically important from a managerial perspective in terms of maintaining customer relationships. Yet few firms excel at handling service failures. There is a growing number of managers who claim that customers tend to be dissatisfied with their service recovery effort. Their employees cannot improve service processes when they experience recovery situations and their companies still do not learn from service failure. [19] attribute the service recovery ineffectiveness to the competing interests of managing employees, customers and processes. We agree with their contention that to address these criticisms, complaint management must acknowledge and find new approaches to achieve consistency and to correct the misalignment of interests that can exist between the actions of the organisation and the needs of its customers and employees. We believe that search in the customer knowledge management literature represents one effective means to enhance a firm ability to implement a cohesive service recovery strategy.A comprehensive based knowledge creation system framework where the Socialization, Externalization, Combination and Internalization (SECI modes, and various ‘ba’ proposed by Nonaka and Konno are introduced for complaint management. Empirical research, involving a case study is presented to illustrate the proposed framework. This framework is believed to pave the way for e-knowledge based complaint management.

  12. Analysis of Relationship between Knowledge Management and Customer Relationship Management with Customer Knowledge Management (Case Study At Azaran Valve Co.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayyed Mohsen Allameh

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge management (KM and customer relationship management (CRM are both emphasized on the allocation of resources to business supportive activities in order to gain competitive advantages.. Merging the two concepts of knowledge management and customer relationship management in customer knowledge management (CKM model can promote the benefits of employing each of them and reduce the risk of implementation failure. This study sought to analyze the relationship between knowledge management and customer relationship management with customer knowledge management. The proposed research model has been provided using customer knowledge management literature. To test the model and the research assumptions, a closed response questionnaire was designed and distributed among managers and employees of Azaran Valve Co. After data collection, structural equation modeling was used to analysis and Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used to determine the reliability of the questionnaire. The results showed that knowledge management and customer relationship management both related to customer knowledge management directly and indirectly through channel management and interaction management.

  13. BODIES OF KNOWLEDGE IN PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND PROJECT QUALITY MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamara Gvozdenovic

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available One of the main trends is standardization of project management. Some of the most important bodies of knowledge in project management, which were created by professional associations for project management are given in this paper. The main of the project management, apart from minimization of time, resources and costs, is to finish the project in the required quality, i.e. it is very important during the whole process of project management to provide realizing the project without any deviations from the previously set quality standards. Basic processes of project quality management are: quality planning, quality assurance and quality control.

  14. Implementation of Knowledge Management in R and D Institutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Knowledge could be considered as the strategic key resource for the 21st century. Utilization of knowledge is a base for decision making processes. Knowledge management is an approach that many R and D organizations or institutions use to deal with knowledge but the success of knowledge management depends mainly on understanding and supporting the user's need to know. Implementation of knowledge management has to be based on a concrete definition of knowledge management. The main problem comes from different perspectives. So, all features of knowledge management should be used as a base for knowledge management definition and, later, knowledge management implementation. Some of these features are: description of knowledge management as a performance of knowledge processes, association of knowledge management with the institutional objectives, connection of knowledge management with institutional processes, orientation of knowledge management activities to greater competitiveness, productivity and effectiveness, link of knowledge management with information and communication technologies, and, finally, relation of knowledge management with decision making. A general methodology of knowledge management implementation in R and D institutions is very hard to find and to apply. It leads to particular efforts of individual institutions to develop their own methodology depending on their own needs and objectives.(author).

  15. Nuclear knowledge and information management in Croatia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the IAEA was authorized for exchange of technical and scientific information on peaceful uses of atomic energy, it established INIS in 1970 as an international bibliographic database in nuclear field and in nuclear related areas. All Member States, which are at different levels of technological development, could derive benefits from INIS output products and get the support from the IAEA in systematic knowledge preservation and information exchange. Intention is the transferring of practical experience to the younger generation and the archiving of important information. Croatia is successfully involved in activities in knowledge and information management from 1994 when joined INIS. Accumulation of knowledge including technical information in databases and documents, and knowledge of scientists, engineers, researchers and technicians is base for the use of nuclear technology. Nuclear knowledge and information exchange are important for process of decision-making. Thanks to development and application of new information technologies within INIS information management framework, Members improve the collection, production and dissemination of nuclear knowledge and information. (author)

  16. Overcoming Learning Barriers through Knowledge Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dror, Itiel E.; Makany, Tamas; Kemp, Jonathan

    2011-01-01

    The ability to learn highly depends on how knowledge is managed. Specifically, different techniques for note-taking utilize different cognitive processes and strategies. In this paper, we compared dyslexic and control participants when using linear and non-linear note-taking. All our participants were professionals working in the banking and…

  17. Bringing Knowledge Management into an Engineering Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winberg, S. L.; Schach, S. R.; Inggs, M. R.

    2007-01-01

    The use of effective knowledge management is becoming an essential part of technical development projects in order to enable developers to handle the growing complexity of these projects. In this article we discuss an innovative approach to address this concern from the perspective of an undergraduate engineering curriculum. Instead of adding…

  18. Editorial: Knowledge management and E-learning

    OpenAIRE

    Minhong Wang; Yang, Stephen J. H.

    2009-01-01

    Welcome to the inaugural issue of Knowledge Management & E-Learning: An International Journal (KM&EL).In this inaugural editorial we would like to introduce the goals of the journal and provide the basis for why this journal is needed, and outline the scope and structure of the journal.

  19. A holonic view of knowledge management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paggi, Horacio; Paolino, Lilyam; Alonso, Fernando

    2014-10-01

    This paper reviews the knowledge management at the light of the concepts of the holon-informon paradigm, presents some of its problems (especially the ones related with the distributed one) and challenges and shows how they can be alleviated using tools or methodologies proper of the holonic field.

  20. Knowledge Management at Cap Gemini Nederland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.J. Vlaanderen (Marie Jose)

    1998-01-01

    textabstractThe theme of this paper is knowledge management (KM) at an organization that provides information technology (IT) services. It is based on the results of a KM-survey of the Finance Division of Cap Gemini (CG) conducted during the spring of 1997.

  1. Fault Management Architectures and the Challenges of Providing Software Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savarino, Shirley; Fitz, Rhonda; Fesq, Lorraine; Whitman, Gerek

    2015-01-01

    The satellite systems Fault Management (FM) is focused on safety, the preservation of assets, and maintaining the desired functionality of the system. How FM is implemented varies among missions. Common to most is system complexity due to a need to establish a multi-dimensional structure across hardware, software and operations. This structure is necessary to identify and respond to system faults, mitigate technical risks and ensure operational continuity. These architecture, implementation and software assurance efforts increase with mission complexity. Because FM is a systems engineering discipline with a distributed implementation, providing efficient and effective verification and validation (VV) is challenging. A breakout session at the 2012 NASA Independent Verification Validation (IVV) Annual Workshop titled VV of Fault Management: Challenges and Successes exposed these issues in terms of VV for a representative set of architectures. NASA's IVV is funded by NASA's Software Assurance Research Program (SARP) in partnership with NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) to extend the work performed at the Workshop session. NASA IVV will extract FM architectures across the IVV portfolio and evaluate the data set for robustness, assess visibility for validation and test, and define software assurance methods that could be applied to the various architectures and designs. This work focuses efforts on FM architectures from critical and complex projects within NASA. The identification of particular FM architectures, visibility, and associated VVIVV techniques provides a data set that can enable higher assurance that a satellite system will adequately detect and respond to adverse conditions. Ultimately, results from this activity will be incorporated into the NASA Fault Management Handbook providing dissemination across NASA, other agencies and the satellite community. This paper discusses the approach taken to perform the evaluations and preliminary findings from the

  2. Knowledge coordination in distributed software management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Persson, John Stouby; Mathiassen, Lars

    2012-01-01

    resources. We have therefore studied virtual meetings among the managers of a cross-organizational and cross-border joint venture who was highly dedicated to multimodal communication. Since coordination is most clearly noticeable when it is lacking, we investigated knowledge coordination by analyzing...... communication breakdowns on recordings of their combined teleconferencing and real-time collaborative modeling. As a result, we offer theoretical propositions that explain how distributed software managers can deal with communication breakdowns and effectively coordinate knowledge through multimodal virtual......Software organizations are increasingly relying on cross-organizational and cross-border collaboration, requiring effective coordination of distributed knowledge. However, such coordination is challenging due to spatial separation, diverging communities-of-practice, and unevenly distributed...

  3. The future of technical knowledge management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The sustainable development of nuclear energy can only be achieved by establishing the global nuclear safety regime. The effective management of technical knowledge will become one of the issues and challenges in establishing the global nuclear safety. We have to develop the measures to identify the nature and scope of associated problems and to explore the cooperative international actions to resolve them. The future of its effective management will depend on how to optimize the transfer and deployment of the knowledge as well as how to maintain the knowledge base. In this presentation, two specific topics are discussed: sharing of the knowledge and preservation of the workforce. In sharing the knowledge, topics are assurance of free flow of safety-related R and D information from developed to developing countries and potential imposition of a strong trade agreement between nuclear exporting and importing countries to ensure the safety. In preserving the workforce, topics are development of the knowledge transfer system from this generation to the next like a forum of IYNC, enforcement of regional and international educational systems like ANENT and WNU for workforce development, and exploration of optimal mechanism in using retired workforce. The publication of the world-wide directory of nuclear professionals, aggressive implementation of the youth internship program and introduction of the international professional certification program are also discussed. The reformation of CNS as a more enforcing and binding agreement in keeping the safety along with the introduction of 'Global Nuclear Safety Treaty' could be an excellent mechanism of achieving an effective knowledge management and eventually enforcing the global safety regime. IAEA has always been the corroborator of maintaining high levels of nuclear safety through close international nuclear cooperation. These important roles of IAEA should continue to be emphasized more than ever in order to secure the

  4. The future of technical knowledge management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The sustainable development of nuclear energy can only be achieved by establishing the global nuclear safety regime. The effective management of technical knowledge will become one of the issues and challenges in establishing the global nuclear safety. We have to develop the measures to identify the nature and scope of associated problems and to explore the cooperative international actions to resolve them. The future of its effective management will depend on how to optimize the transfer and deployment of the knowledge as well as how to maintain the knowledge base. In this presentation, two specific topics are discussed: sharing of the knowledge and preservation of the workforce. In sharing the knowledge, topics are assurance of free flow of safety-related R and D information from developed to developing countries and potential imposition of a strong trade agreement between nuclear exporting and importing countries to ensure the safety. In preserving the workforce, topics are development of the knowledge transfer system from this generation to the next like a forum of IYNC, enforcement of regional and international educational systems like ANENT and WNU for workforce development, and exploration of optimal mechanism in using retired workforce. The publication of the world-wide directory of nuclear professionals, aggressive implementation of the youth internship program and introduction of the international professional certification program are also discussed. The reformation of CNS as a more enforcing and binding agreement in keeping the safety along with the introduction of 'Global Nuclear Safety Treaty' could be an excellent mechanism of achieving an effective knowledge management and eventually enforcing the global safety regime. IAEA has always been the corroborator of maintaining high levels of nuclear safety through close international nuclear cooperation. These important roles of IAEA should continue to be emphasized more than ever in order to

  5. Efficient Knowledge Base Management in DCSP

    CERN Document Server

    Jiang, Hong

    2010-01-01

    DCSP (Distributed Constraint Satisfaction Problem) has been a very important research area in AI (Artificial Intelligence). There are many application problems in distributed AI that can be formalized as DSCPs. With the increasing complexity and problem size of the application problems in AI, the required storage place in searching and the average searching time are increasing too. Thus, to use a limited storage place efficiently in solving DCSP becomes a very important problem, and it can help to reduce searching time as well. This paper provides an efficient knowledge base management approach based on general usage of hyper-resolution-rule in consistence algorithm. The approach minimizes the increasing of the knowledge base by eliminate sufficient constraint and false nogood. These eliminations do not change the completeness of the original knowledge base increased. The proofs are given as well. The example shows that this approach decrease both the new nogoods generated and the knowledge base greatly. Thus...

  6. Knowledge management in the engineering design environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briggs, Hugh C.

    2006-01-01

    The Aerospace and Defense industry is experiencing an increasing loss of knowledge through workforce reductions associated with business consolidation and retirement of senior personnel. Significant effort is being placed on process definition as part of ISO certification and, more recently, CMMI certification. The process knowledge in these efforts represents the simplest of engineering knowledge and many organizations are trying to get senior engineers to write more significant guidelines, best practices and design manuals. A new generation of design software, known as Product Lifecycle Management systems, has many mechanisms for capturing and deploying a wider variety of engineering knowledge than simple process definitions. These hold the promise of significant improvements through reuse of prior designs, codification of practices in workflows, and placement of detailed how-tos at the point of application.

  7. Nuclear knowledge management overview at EDF

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper gives an overview of knowledge management practices in the French nuclear generation park. The study was initially partnered by one of the 19 Nuclear Power-plants, located at Golfech near Toulouse, and then extended to a more general overview. Golfech is a 650 people unit, from which 25 of them were interviewed to carry out the study. These staffs were made of managers, experts, seniors and juniors, all of them being working at Golfech in the different skills for nuclear generation needs: driving, engineering, maintenance, safety, environment, etc. They were questioned about their practices, tools and organisations concerning creating, sharing, transferring, and renewing knowledge. The study shows that professional knowledge is fundamentally made of four levels, which are embedded, by specific leverages and experiences. The first level is made of the 'basic knowledge' which is required in every job, especially for juniors. It is delivered by the means of Human Resources and education systems: Recruitment, Learning and Training, Simulators, juniors mentoring, and Competencies management processes. These systems are thus the first category of KM processes. The second level of knowledge is the 'technical knowledge', that is codified in the procedures, norms, and all the technical specifications. This knowledge has grown up for 4 decades, by a special KM process called return on experience. This KM process is driven by a systematic way. Every technical problem is registered, analysed, and evaluated by experts and managers networks, and discussed with other stakeholders, so that recommendations can be held on at a national level. This return on experience process is a collective learning process, very efficient for safety and performance of the French nuclear park. By this process, the explicit knowledge of the last 3 decades is stored in a large knowledge base made of 10,000 documents a year. It is important to notice that, due to its explicit and collective

  8. Power Management for A Distributed Wireless Health Management Architecture

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Distributed wireless architectures for prognostics is an important enabling step in prognostic research in order to achieve feasible real-time system health...

  9. A Sociotechnical Approach to Knowledge Management in the Era of Enterprise 2.0: the Case of OrganiK.

    OpenAIRE

    Bibikas, D.; Kourtesis, D.; Paraskakis, I.; Bernardi, A.; Sauermann, L.; Apostolou, D.; Mentzas, G.; A.C. Vasconcelos

    2008-01-01

    The increasing need of small knowledge-intensive companies for loosely-coupled collaboration and ad-hoc knowledge sharing has led to a strong requirement for an alternative approach to developing knowledge management systems. This paper proposes a framework for managing organisational knowledge that builds on a socio-technical perspective and considers people as well as technology as two highly interconnected components. We introduce a conceptualised system architecture that merges enterprise...

  10. Knowledge Management of E-Government in Jordan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamara Almarabeh

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available nowadays, knowledge management is considered an essential part of any organization to prepare and develop its vision for the future. Knowledge management allows better utilization of the organization expertise, resources, and bright ideas. The science of knowledge management started when the technology revolution reached every organization. The ease and availability of information, major advancements in communication technologies, the emergence of knowledge worker, and the knowledge economy are the reasons of knowledge management development.

  11. Importance of Knowledge Management in Human Resource Development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Human resource management and knowledge management: • In human resource management - important to identify crucial knowledge base on which competitiveness of company depends → according this ensure appropriate development of human resources. • Era of so-called knowledge economy - only individual and organizational knowledge could give competitive advantage. • From operational perspective, knowledge management - systematic processes by which an organization identifies, creates, captures, acquires, shares and increase knowledge

  12. Toward a Conceptual Knowledge Management Framework in Health

    OpenAIRE

    Lau, Francis

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes a conceptual organizing scheme for managing knowledge within the health setting. First, a brief review of the notions of knowledge and knowledge management is provided. This is followed by a detailed depiction of our proposed knowledge management framework, which focuses on the concepts of production, use, and refinement of three specific knowledge sources-policy, evidence, and experience. These concepts are operationalized through a set of knowledge management methods an...

  13. The Role of Information Technology Systems in Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    Sitarski Kamil

    2010-01-01

    Presented article describes the research on organizational IT knowledge management system model. Research was started with the analysis of current scientific knowledge status on knowledge management as well as supporting the process with Information Technology. Methods of knowledge management systems were analyzed and a system suitable for a case study was selected. Case study results allowed to build a knowledge management system and the model was verified on the basis of knowledge managemen...

  14. Integrating Environmental and Information Systems Management: An Enterprise Architecture Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noran, Ovidiu

    Environmental responsibility is fast becoming an important aspect of strategic management as the reality of climate change settles in and relevant regulations are expected to tighten significantly in the near future. Many businesses react to this challenge by implementing environmental reporting and management systems. However, the environmental initiative is often not properly integrated in the overall business strategy and its information system (IS) and as a result the management does not have timely access to (appropriately aggregated) environmental information. This chapter argues for the benefit of integrating the environmental management (EM) project into the ongoing enterprise architecture (EA) initiative present in all successful companies. This is done by demonstrating how a reference architecture framework and a meta-methodology using EA artefacts can be used to co-design the EM system, the organisation and its IS in order to achieve a much needed synergy.

  15. A Novel Home Energy Management System Architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rossello Busquet, Ana; Soler, José; Dittmann, Lars

    2011-01-01

    The number of electronic devices found in home environments is increasing, leading to an increase in the energy consumption in users’ premises. Introducing a Home Energy Management System (HEMS) into user residences might provide the necessary tools to reduce and optimize the energy consumption i...

  16. Improving Project Management Using Formal Models and Architectures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahn, Theodore; Sturken, Ian

    2011-01-01

    This talk discusses the advantages formal modeling and architecture brings to project management. These emerging technologies have both great potential and challenges for improving information available for decision-making. The presentation covers standards, tools and cultural issues needing consideration, and includes lessons learned from projects the presenters have worked on.

  17. Practitioner Perspectives on a Disaster Management Architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moe, K.; Evans, J. D.

    2012-12-01

    The Committee on Earth Observing Satellites (CEOS) Working Group on Information Systems and Services (WGISS) is constructing a high-level reference model for the use of satellites, sensors, models, and associated data products from many different global data and service providers in disaster response and risk assessment. To help streamline broad, effective access to satellite information, the reference model provides structured, shared, holistic views of distributed systems and services - in effect, a common vocabulary describing the system-of-systems building blocks and how they are composed for disaster management. These views are being inferred from real-world experience, by documenting and analyzing how practitioners have gone about using or providing satellite data to manage real disaster events or to assess or mitigate hazard risks. Crucial findings and insights come from case studies of three kinds of experience: - Disaster response and recovery (such as the 2008 Sichuan/Wenchuan earthquake in China; and the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami in Japan); - Technology pilot projects (such as NASA's Flood Sensor Web pilot in Namibia, or the interagency Virtual Mission Operation Center); - Information brokers (such as the International Charter: Space and Major Disasters, or the U.K.-based Disaster Management Constellation). Each of these experiences sheds light on the scope and stakeholders of disaster management; the information requirements for various disaster types and phases; and the services needed for effective access to information by a variety of users. They also highlight needs and gaps in the supply of satellite information for disaster management. One need stands out: rapid and effective access to complex data from multiple sources, across inter-organizational boundaries. This is the near-real-time challenge writ large: gaining access to satellite data resources from multiple organizationally distant and geographically disperse sources, to meet an

  18. Architectural Decision Management for Digital Transformation of Products and Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfred Zimmermann

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The digitization of our society changes the way we live, work, learn, communicate, and collaborate. The Internet of Things, Enterprise Social Networks, Adaptive Case Management, Mobility systems, Analytics for Big Data, and Cloud services environments are emerging to support smart connected products and services and the digital transformation. Biological metaphors of living and adaptable ecosystems provide the logical foundation for self-optimizing and resilient run-time environments for intelligent business services and service-oriented enterprise architectures. Our aim is to support flexibility and agile transformations for both business domains and related information technology. The present research paper investigates mechanisms for decision analytics in the context of multi-perspective explorations of enterprise services and their digital enterprise architectures by extending original architecture reference models with state of art elements for agile architectural engineering for the digitization and collaborative architectural decision support. The paper’s context focuses on digital transformations of business and IT and integrates fundamental mappings between adaptable digital enterprise architectures and service-oriented information systems. We are putting a spotlight on the example domain – Internet of Things.

  19. Smart Traffic Management Protocol Based on VANET architecture

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays one of the hottest theme in wireless environments research is the application of the newest technologies to road safety problems and traffic management exploiting the (VANET) architecture. In this work, a novel protocol that aims to achieve a better traffic management is proposed. The overal system is able to reduce traffic level inside the city exploiting inter-communication among vehicles and support infrastructures also known as (V2V) and (V2I) communications. We design a network ...

  20. Intelligent web data management software architectures and emerging technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Ma, Kun; Yang, Bo; Sun, Runyuan

    2016-01-01

    This book presents some of the emerging techniques and technologies used to handle Web data management. Authors present novel software architectures and emerging technologies and then validate using experimental data and real world applications. The contents of this book are focused on four popular thematic categories of intelligent Web data management: cloud computing, social networking, monitoring and literature management. The Volume will be a valuable reference to researchers, students and practitioners in the field of Web data management, cloud computing, social networks using advanced intelligence tools.

  1. Knowledge Management System as Enabler in Knowledge Management Practices in Virtual Communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Setiawan Assegaff

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge Management System was recognized as one of the key enablers in a Knowledge Management initiative. This is because KMS have been prove bring value for Knowledge Management initiatives such as eliminate distance and time barriers. Furthermore KMS also made KM more effective for the organization. As general KMS have two main functions, first managing people interaction and managing information/knowledge. Because knowledge creates from the interaction of the people, than KMS has a vital function in knowledge creation with managing people interaction. In KM on an organization, they conduct interaction by developing some activities such as: Communities of Practices, Communities of Interest, Peer Assist and Share Learning as a method to create and leverage the knowledge. The activities could be conducted manually or virtually. In support that activities done in virtual, using IT could bring potential value. In this study we would like to propose the framework for organizations on how to implement KMS as a powerful enabler for KM in virtual communities.

  2. Knowledge management in a project-oriented organization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Karina

    2003-01-01

    Knowledge management is seen as a metaphorical perspective on management where the managerial focus depends on the epistemological standpoint taken. An identification of three epistemological perspectives accommodates the main body of literature on knowledge management: an artifact oriented...

  3. An Equivalent Architecture of Learner's and Instructor's Knowledge through the Matching of Intended Learning Outcome

    OpenAIRE

    Tangworakitthaworn, Preecha; Gilbert, Lester; Wills, Gary

    2012-01-01

    Constructivism and instructionism, two grounded theories of learning and teaching, are contradiction in terms of practitioner's perspective. This leads to an attempt to bridge the gap between these two theories by designing the balanced approach. In this paper an equivalent architecture of learner’s and instructor’s knowledge is introduced via a matching strategy through the intended learning outcome.

  4. Knowledge Pipeline: A Task Oriented Way to Implement Knowledge Management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Concept of knowledge pipeline: There are many pipelines named by tasks or business processes in an organization. Knowledge contributors put knowledge to its corresponding pipelines. A maintenance team could keep the knowledge in pipelines clear and valid. Users could get knowledge just like opening a faucet in terms of their tasks or business processes

  5. Knowledge management for nuclear industry operating organizations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear energy sector is characterized by lengthy time frames and technical excellence. Early nuclear plants were designed to operate for 40 years but their service life now frequently extends between 50 and 60 years. Decommissioning and decontamination of nuclear plants will also be spread over several years resulting in a life cycle - from cradle to grave - in excess of 100 years, which gives rise to two challenges for the nuclear industry: (1) Retention of existing skills and competencies for a period of over fifty years, particularly in countries where no new nuclear power plants are being planned; and (2) Development of new skills and competencies in the areas of decommissioning and radioactive waste management in many industrialized countries if younger workers cannot continue to be attracted to the nuclear disciplines. As many nuclear experts around the world are retiring, they are taking with them a substantial amount of knowledge and corporate memory. Typically, these retirees are individuals who can answer questions very easily and who possess tacit knowledge never before extracted from them. The loss of such employees who hold knowledge critical to either operations or safety poses a clear internal threat to the safe and reliable operation of nuclear power plants (NPPs). Therefore, the primary challenge of preserving such knowledge is to determine how best to capture tacit knowledge and transfer it to successors. These problems are exacerbated by the deregulation of energy markets around the world. The nuclear industry is now required to reduce its costs dramatically in order to compete with generators that have different technology life cycle profiles. In many countries, government funding has been dramatically reduced or has disappeared altogether while the profit margins of generators have been severely squeezed. The result has been lower electricity prices but also the loss of expertise as a result of downsizing to reduce salary costs, a loss of

  6. ICPMA Knowledge Management Centre – Sharing Knowledge in the International Construction Project Management Community

    OpenAIRE

    Gunnigan, Louis; Reismann, Wilhelm

    2009-01-01

    In 2007, The International Construction Project Management Association (ICPMA) established a Knowledge Management Centre (KMC) the objective of which is to share experiences of construction project management amongst academics and practitioners across the globe. A strategy for the KMC was developed and a number of areas were identified as being relevant to the members of the international construction project management community. This paper examines the development of the KMC to date and est...

  7. The Eighth Stage of Information Management: Information Resources Management (IRM) vs. Knowledge Management (KM), and the Chief Information Officer (CIO) vs. the Chief Knowledge Officer (CKO).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Rui

    1998-01-01

    Describes the characteristics of the transfer point of information management to knowledge management (KM), what information resources management (IRM) does, and compares information and knowledge management and the roles of chief information officer (CIO) and chief knowledge officer (CKO). (PEN)

  8. Organizing for knowledge : tales of reification, resilience, and reflexivity in knowledge production management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alves de Sousa, C.A.

    2006-01-01

    The belief that knowledge is amenable to management revolves around the highly ideational concept of Knowledge Management. The relationship between knowledge and management is yet shrouded in a fog of prophetic optimism, scepticism, or misunderstanding. The awareness that knowledge is indispensable

  9. The Evolution of Knowledge Management System(Knowledge Management/Two)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭艳坤

    2015-01-01

    <正>Introduction"Knowledge is neither data nor information,though it is related to both,and the differences between these terms are often a matter of degree"(Davenport&Prusak,2000;1).Knowledge Management System(KMS)can be differentiated based on the types of functions,its purposes,and the number of features as well as its chronological development.

  10. Assessing and Managing Knowledge Loss Risk

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Summary: • Sustaining Design Basis Knowledge is a strategic need for long term safe and reliable operation; • Utilities need to manage knowledge in a systematic manner, based on identifying areas of risk, developing and implementing plans to mitigate the risk, and exercising oversight of those plans; • Approaches will differ depending upon organizational functions and needs; • Individual utility efforts are not sufficient: they need to be complemented by a larger scale infrastructure in the academic and research communities; • The Canadian nuclear industry has been collaborating to actively support and expand the academic infrastructure to sustain design basis knowledge; • KM initiatives require constant nurturing for sustainability; • Internationally recognized guidance on Characteristics, Attributes and Best Practices for governmental, industrial and academic contributions to KM is important to sustainability

  11. Managing nuclear knowledge: A governmental perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Governments and industries have different perceptions about knowledge management. Corporate houses limit their vision to 3-5 years, while governments have to plan for decades. The industry works in a competitive environment and has to direct R and D towards customising the existing knowledge base, while governments have to direct R and D towards search for further knowledge. For a higher education programme to succeed, four attributes are very important. These are: the linkage of the higher education programme with frontline research, providing necessary excitement to the young students; the linkage with the society, the industry and national programme; and the matching of the needs of the human resource development programme with the actual requirements. (author)

  12. BOOK REVIEW: Case Studies in Knowledge Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reviewed by Dr. Adnan BOYACI

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available 161Case Studies in Knowledge ManagementEdited by Murray JennexHersley: PA: Idea Group, 2005, pp. 372, ISBN 1-59140-352-9Reviewed by Dr. Adnan BOYACIAnadolu UniversityEskişehir-TurkeyKnowledge management (KM as a structured system and the way to the effectiveness isrelatively new field for the contemporary organizations functioning in different andcompetitive domain of public and private sectors in terms of getting optimal effectivenessunderlined by the concepts such as quality, productivity…etc. Because of the growingimportance and the popularity of the KM either as a research topic or specialized coursesubject, a crucial need for understanding, conceptualization and implementation of KM asa system has emerged since the mid 1990’s. In this sense, the book contributes criticallyto fill the gap between theory and implementation as a teaching material.This edited book is published by Idea Group Publishing. The book has twenty chaptersdivided into seven sections. In addition to a section of authors’ biography contributing thebook and an index, there is a preface that the basic terms and key concepts underliningthe cases discussed following chapters, which is explained in a schematized way.Besides the editor, total of 47 authors have contributed to the book. These authors arefrom different countries, academic backgrounds, and institutions. Although approximatelyone third of the authors are from USA, the rest of the authors are from Canada, England,Austria, Germany, Australia, New Zealand, Egypt, Bahrain and China. The authorsrepresent a variety of universities, private companies, and military institutions. Most ofthem have strong professional backgrounds, which help them address the issues bothfrom theoretical and practical perspectives. Contributions of authors having differentbackgrounds and institutions enable the book to have very comprehensive spectrum andthis makes the book attractive practically for those working different sectors

  13. The Study on the Architecture of Public knowledge Service Platform Based on Collaborative Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Chang Ping; Zhang, Min; Xiang, Fei

    The knowledge service platform is seen as the vital intermediaries in innovation cycle, and for users to locate, exchange and acquire knowledge in a systematic way. It is increasingly recognizing the powerful role that knowledge service platform provide in building a national innovation capacity. The knowledge service platforms in the China's national innovation system, mostly based on the digital libraries, are supported and constructed by diverse departments and systems. These platforms disperse in construction, have respective division and orientation. However, along with the development of information technology and the revolution of innovation model, the requirements for the reconstruction of knowledge service platform in innovation system are brought forward. In this paper, we analyze the resources integration framework of the existing public service platform, and put forward the architecture of the public knowledge service platform based on collaborative innovation; we also discuss its concrete implementation.

  14. A Knowledge-Based System Approach for Extracting Abstractions from Service Oriented Architecture Artifacts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Goehring

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Rule-based methods have traditionally been applied to develop knowledge-based systems that replicate expert performance on a deep but narrow problem domain. Knowledge engineers capture expert knowledge and encode it as a set of rules for automating the expert’s reasoning process to solve problems in a variety of domains. We describe the development of a knowledge-based system approach to enhance program comprehension of Service Oriented Architecture (SOA software. Our approach uses rule-based methods to automate the analysis of the set of artifacts involved in building and deploying a SOA composite application. The rules codify expert knowledge to abstract information from these artifacts to facilitate program comprehension and thus assist Software Engineers as they perform system maintenance activities. A main advantage of the knowledge-based approach is its adaptability to the heterogeneous and dynamically evolving nature of SOA environments.

  15. Microgrid management architecture considering optimal battery dispatch

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paul, Tim George

    Energy management and economic operation of microgrids with energy storage systems at the distribution level have attracted significant research interest in recent years. One of the challenges in this area has been the coordination of energy management functions with decentralized and centralized dispatch. In this thesis a distributed dispatch algorithm for a microgrid consisting of a photovoltaic source with energy storage which can work with a centralized dispatch algorithm that ensure stability of the microgrid is proposed. To this end, first a rule based dispatch algorithm is formulated which is based on maximum resource utilization and can work in both off grid and grid connected mode. Then a fixed horizon optimization algorithm which minimizes the cost of power taken from the grid is developed. In order to schedule the battery based on changes in the PV farm a predictive horizon methodology based optimization is designed. Further, the rule based and optimization based dispatch methodologies is linked to optimize the voltage deviations at the microgrid Point of Common Coupling (PCC). The main advantage of the proposed method is that, an optimal active power dispatch considering the nominal voltage bandwidth can be initiated for the microgrid in both grid connected or off grid mode of operation. Also, the method allows the grid operator to consider cost based optimal renewable generation scheduling and/or the maximum power extraction based modes of operation simultaneously or separately based on grid operating conditions and topologies. Further, the methods allows maintaining PCC voltage within the limits during these modes of operation and at the same time ensure that the battery dispatch is optimal.

  16. SOCIAL CRM FOR CUSTOMER KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Dorota Buchnowska

    2014-01-01

    The recent development and expansion of Web 2.0 technologies have created remarkable opportunities for Customer Knowledge Management (CKM). The goals of this paper are to analyze how organizations can apply Social CRM (social technologies integrated with traditional CRM systems) systems for CKM and to investigate what benefits they may derive from the use of social technologies. To achieve these objectives, the article shows the concept of Social CRM, differences between CRM and SCRM, and a r...

  17. Relationship Between Transformational Leadership and Knowledge Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parvaneh Gelard

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available If today's organizations are not able to adopt themselves with environmental changes, they will lose the competition. In such a condition, organizations are in need of leaders who are capable of turning their companies into one having more ability to progress and even to survive in those situations. Transformational leaders guide organization from present to the future and apply suitable changes to support the organization's objectives. Besides, knowledge management is a crucial influential factor in helping organizations survive and gain success in such a competitive environment and in this Information Age. Also, considering the fact that leaders play the role of a sample for others, their leadership style is directly influential in organization's tendency and manner of facing processes and steps of knowledge management. Therefore, this article intends to find the relationship between transformational leadership and knowledge management in Alvan Sabet Company. For this purpose, having done a revision of the existing literature on the field, we established five main hypotheses and four sub-hypotheses. To test the research hypotheses we have used questionnaires having been distributed among the population. The population of this research includes all the experts and masters of Alvan Sabet Co. totally being 47 in number. Regarding limitation in population size we have used census method in this research. We've made use of descriptive statistics technique to analyze demographic variables and to investigate the hypotheses, we have used Pearson Solidarity Test and Spearman. The result shows that the correlation between the transformational leadership style and knowledge management has been 0.784 which is considerably high.

  18. Romanian sanitary system assisted by knowledge management

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel. O. Costache; Cosmin Dobrin; Ruxandra Dinulescu; Laura Voicu; Raluca S. Costache

    2015-01-01

    As the medical sciences advances, so does the volume of information which becomes more and more consistent. The health care system is one of the most complex systems encountered in our society. Today, knowledge management practices have been adopted in many Romanian business sectors. However, Romanian health care system is slowly adopting such principles and concepts. This fact is created mainly because of the organizational culture. In the sanitary industry, this barrier is ...

  19. The Role of Knowledge Management in Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Meeta Dasgupta; Sahay, A.; Gupta, R. K.

    2009-01-01

    Research on innovation practices reinforces the notion that majority of innovation projects fail systematically due to being managed as raw technology projects. Open forms of innovation where internal and external ideas are leveraged across the organisation are gaining importance over the internal and centralised approach to R&D. India, during the last 15 years, has been spiralling ahead towards ultimate economic success based on its 'knowledge-based talent pool'. Innovation has become a top ...

  20. Analysis and processing - introduction to knowledge management

    OpenAIRE

    Caracostea Ionut-Andrei

    2011-01-01

    Although the essential theoretical knowledge of marketing concepts is not enough for a person involved in the management and marketing planning. To be competitive in the labor market in the area of marketing interest must possess specific information analysis tools in order to capture those aspects of the marketing environment necessary for development decision making. Using the analytical capabilities resulting from technological boom of the last decades, especially those pertaining to infor...

  1. The Knowledge Management Research of Agricultural Scientific Research Institution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on the perception of knowledge management from experts specializing in different fields,and experts at home and abroad,the knowledge management of agricultural scientific research institution can build new platform,offer new approach for realization of explicit or tacit knowledge,and promote resilience and innovative ability of scientific research institution.The thesis has introduced functions of knowledge management research of agricultural science.First,it can transform the tacit knowledge into explicit knowledge.Second,it can make all the scientific personnel share knowledge.Third,it is beneficial to the development of prototype system of knowledge management.Fourth,it mainly researches the realization of knowledge management system.Fifth,it can manage the external knowledge via competitive intelligence.Sixth,it can foster talents of knowledge management for agricultural scientific research institution.Seventh,it offers the decision-making service for leaders to manage scientific program.The thesis also discusses the content of knowledge management of agricultural scientific research institution as follows:production and innovation of knowledge;attainment and organizing of knowledge;dissemination and share of knowledge;management of human resources and the construction and management of infrastructure.We have put forward corresponding countermeasures to further reinforce the knowledge management research of agricultural scientific research institution.

  2. Analysis on the Management of College Teachers' Tacit Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Linying; Han, Zhijun

    2008-01-01

    Knowledge management, especially, tacit knowledge management, is a significant guarantee for the sustainable development of universities. The transfer of college teachers' tacit knowledge is the key and difficult point in tacit knowledge management of universities. This paper starts from the existence and application condition of college teachers'…

  3. Knowledge management in final repository research. Tools, potentials and demand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study on knowledge management in final repository research covers the following issues: potentials and technologies of knowledge management; analysis of handling and application of research knowledge; knowledge management and final repository research of the German ministry for economic affairs and energy.

  4. A Proposed Knowledge Management System in SOFCON: Saudi Arabia Perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Magd Hesham; Hamza Salah

    2014-01-01

    Knowledge management has became vital in organizations in today's business environment as the implementation of knowledge management tends to provide benefits such as an enhanced way to organize existing corporate knowledge; making individuals more effective at sharing explicit knowledge; and providing new ways to expose tacit knowledge, and in turn this will lead to competitive advantage. It has been argued that the role of quality professional can contribute greatly to knowledge management ...

  5. Study on Product Knowledge Management for Product Development

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Chunli; Li, Hao; Yu, Ming

    2010-01-01

    At present, product knowledge management techniques have not been applied to the real product development process, and the existing document management tools and PDM cannot satisfy the rapid capture and reuse of knowledge during the product agile development processes. In this context, we proposed a product knowledge management framework with DR. A semantic object knowledge model can effectively organize various kinds of knowledge. Knowledge is organized into doubly linked list and orthogonal...

  6. Knowledge management ve vybrané společnosti

    OpenAIRE

    Falubová, Kristína

    2011-01-01

    Main goal of this diploma thesis is to evaluate implementation of knowledge management in the company Inekon Systems. In its’ theoretical part, the thesis deals with some of the most important resources related to knowledge management. This includes definition of relations between knowledge and competitive advantage, classifying knowledge based on different criterions, approaches of various authors to knowledge management and also options for creation of new knowledge. Furthermore, the thesis...

  7. Knowledge Management : Changing Role of LIS in the Digital Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Yadagiri, S; Gireesh Kumar, T K

    2013-01-01

    Knowledge Management is relatively a new concept, which enables the libraries to provide quality services in the knowledge economy and the library professionals should have the ability to assess and evaluate information to become the leaders of knowledge management. This Paper presents an overview of the concept of knowledge management and its applications in libraries in the pretext of information and digital era. Highlights the need for knowledge management, its relative advantages and the ...

  8. Knowledge Management at Cory Environmental: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Carter, Jonathan David

    2007-01-01

    To answer the question "How can Cory make better use of existing knowledge and create the new knowledge necessary to improve company performance?", an analysis of knowledge management practice at Cory Environmental was carried out using the knowledge management enabler model (Girard 2004) as a framework. To keep the project manageable research was restricted to knowledge management in relation to the commercial sales function within Cory, but the assumption was that findings and recommendati...

  9. Domain Knowledge Management in Information-providing Dialogue Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Flycht-Eriksson (Silvervarg), Annika

    2001-01-01

    In this thesis a new concept called domain knowledge management for informationproviding dialogue systems is introduced. Domain knowledge management includes issues related to representation and use of domain knowledge as well as access of background information sources, issues that previously have been incorporated in dialogue management. The work on domain knowledge management reported in this thesis can be divided in two parts. On a general theoretical level, knowledge sources and models u...

  10. Knowledge management and the nuclear renaissance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: As the nuclear industry prepares itself for a new and potentially large growth spurt in the near future, people are suddenly becoming acutely aware of the demands such growth will place on the existing infrastructure. We will need more large-component manufacturing capacity. We will need more uranium. But most of all, we will need more people - skilled craftspeople, highly-trained operators, nuclear-trained engineers, and experienced regulators. This need is developing just as the cohort that designed, built and operated the existing facilities is reaching retirement age. Thus, the usual internal corporate means of knowledge transfer - informal mentoring and on-the-job training, are being strained. In the short term, there is concern that organizations are trying to meet their staffing needs by 'raiding' each other for experienced personnel. If even a fraction of the current predicted growth in nuclear capacity is realized, this will not be a viable solution. A number of initiatives are beginning to emerge to deal with the need to transfer skills and knowledge, both within organizations and across them. Most of these can be classified broadly as 'knowledge management' initiatives. These include: Improvements in the way internal records are documented are maintained, indexed and made available; Structured programs to capture and transmit undocumented ('tacit') knowledge; Programs to share knowledge and lessons learned, both across the industry and across nations; Internal and external training programs. This paper will review some of the major directions, initiatives, possibilities and limitations in these areas. (author)

  11. A flexible architecture for job management in a grid environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUAN Cui-ju; SONG Guang-hua; ZHENG Yao; ZHANG Ji-fa

    2007-01-01

    Job management is a key issue in computational grids, and normally involves job definition, scheduling, executing and monitoring. However, job management in the existing grid middleware needs to be improved in terms of efficiency and flexibility. This paper addresses a flexible architecture for job management with detailed design and implementation. Frameworks for job scheduling and monitoring, as two important aspects, are also presented. The proposed job management has the advantages of reusability of job definition, flexible and automatic file operation, visual steering of file transfer and job execution, and adaptive application job scheduler. A job management wizard is designed to implement each step. Therefore, what the grid user needs to do is only to define the job by constructing necessary information at runtime. In addition, the job space is adopted to ensure the security of the job management. Experimental results showed that this approach is user-friendly and system efficient.

  12. Toward Knowledge Management as a Service in Cloud-Based Environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sedigheh Khoshnevis

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available As new technologies and paradigms emerge, businesses have to make new efforts to properly get aligned with them, especially in knowledge management area. Today the Cloud Computing paradigm is becoming more and more popular, due to the vast decrease in time, cost and effort for meeting software development needs. It also provides a great means for gathering and redistributing knowledge. Therefore, it has a great capability for providing knowledge management services that can be used extensively for business intelligence and competitive intelligence. Currently these capabilities are not utilized for knowledge management in intra- and inter-organization businesses. In this paper, we introduced the architecture of KMaaS and its detailed services and their relationships and dependencies. We also analyze how different cloud deployment/service models can be used for knowledge management in the cloud environment and the application scenarios are provided as well.

  13. Research on Knowledge Assets Assessment Based on the Context of the Global Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    Jiansheng Tang; Chenghong Li

    2010-01-01

    This article thinks that knowledge management includes knowledge learning and knowledge innovation, thevalue of knowledge in these two areas is produced, and after these two processes, have knowledge assets. In thispaper, the ideas and methods of assessment about knowledge assets are proposed in the field of knowledgemanagement, and analysis and research on these methods.

  14. An Architecture for Cross-Cloud System Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dodda, Ravi Teja; Smith, Chris; van Moorsel, Aad

    The emergence of the cloud computing paradigm promises flexibility and adaptability through on-demand provisioning of compute resources. As the utilization of cloud resources extends beyond a single provider, for business as well as technical reasons, the issue of effectively managing such resources comes to the fore. Different providers expose different interfaces to their compute resources utilizing varied architectures and implementation technologies. This heterogeneity poses a significant system management problem, and can limit the extent to which the benefits of cross-cloud resource utilization can be realized. We address this problem through the definition of an architecture to facilitate the management of compute resources from different cloud providers in an homogenous manner. This preserves the flexibility and adaptability promised by the cloud computing paradigm, whilst enabling the benefits of cross-cloud resource utilization to be realized. The practical efficacy of the architecture is demonstrated through an implementation utilizing compute resources managed through different interfaces on the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) service. Additionally, we provide empirical results highlighting the performance differential of these different interfaces, and discuss the impact of this performance differential on efficiency and profitability.

  15. Nuclear knowledge management strategies in Canada

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The Canadian Nuclear Industry recognizes the importance of nuclear knowledge management and has already implemented a number of initiatives to maintain competency, capture and preserve existing knowledge, advance the nuclear technology, develop future nuclear workers, and maintain a critical R and D capability. Although this paper addresses the Canadian scene in general, it will focus on knowledge management from a technology development point of view. Therefore, special emphasis will be placed on activities underway at present at Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL). Maintaining competency is a high priority issue. With the on-going retirement of nuclear workers, resource management, succession planning and technical training programs are all in place at AECL. For example, a comprehensive assessment was recently completed to identify critical core competencies and the potential and timing of future retirements. Using a risk-based approach, the technology disciplines were prioritized and a plan was developed to address the requirements. The plan is now being implemented to hire, train, mentor and develop a new core of technical experts. Collaboration and knowledge sharing are important success factors in that regard. This is being achieved through cross-functional teamwork, consolidation of expertise, on-going work on nuclear power plant projects (e.g., the just completed units in China and ongoing work on unit 2 at the Romanian Cernavoda site), developing and designing new products (Advanced CANDU Reactor, ACR-700), adopting and improving Quality Management Systems (e.g., ISO 9001:2000 Global Certification and pursuing business excellence through the adoption of the Canadian Framework for Business Excellence). Capturing and preserving existing knowledge as well as advancing nuclear technology have also received significant attention. Fully computerized engineering tools have been developed and used to document the complete design of CANDU plants, and

  16. Managing nuclear knowledge: A SCK-CEN concern: Status of a practical knowledge management approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preserving and enhancing the institutional memory has become a strategic concern for SCK-CEN. Managing the Knowledge Capital is a long term journey, starting from a strategic commitment and integrating various operational projects. Since 2002, several pilot projects in different areas of expertise have been conducted to set up nuclear knowledge repositories and to sustain interactive research communities. Beyond the establishment of a corporate knowledge sharing culture, dedicated web-based portals based on both well established and emerging open source internet technologies ensure the long term persistence of data and the continuous capture of knowledge by providing on-line tools and related QA procedures. (author)

  17. Some Conceptual Properties for Knowledge Management Systems Design

    OpenAIRE

    Vasile MAZILESCU

    2005-01-01

    Knowledge Management Systems (KMS) are important tools by which organizations can better use information and, more importantly, manage knowledge. Unlike other strategies, knowledge management (KM) is difficult to define because it encompasses a range of concepts, management tasks, technologies, and organizational practices, all of which come under the umbrella of the information management. Semantic approaches allow easier and more efficient training, maintenance, and support knowledge. Curre...

  18. Research on the best practice of knowledge management in enterprises

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Achieve management is important for knowledge management in enterprises. Knowledge management is the inevitable choice and development trend for achieve management. Several measures are needed for the implementation of best practices, such as: the reasonable goal, the system for integrity of knowledge resources, access of the best tools and methods, optimization of allocating human resource. At the same time enterprises must analyse the major risks of the project and propose countermeasures. Main reasons are explained in knowledge management of SGIS. (authors)

  19. Genephony: a knowledge management tool for genome-wide research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riva Alberto

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background One of the consequences of the rapid and widespread adoption of high-throughput experimental technologies is an exponential increase of the amount of data produced by genome-wide experiments. Researchers increasingly need to handle very large volumes of heterogeneous data, including both the data generated by their own experiments and the data retrieved from publicly available repositories of genomic knowledge. Integration, exploration, manipulation and interpretation of data and information therefore need to become as automated as possible, since their scale and breadth are, in general, beyond the limits of what individual researchers and the basic data management tools in normal use can handle. This paper describes Genephony, a tool we are developing to address these challenges. Results We describe how Genephony can be used to manage large datesets of genomic information, integrating them with existing knowledge repositories. We illustrate its functionalities with an example of a complex annotation task, in which a set of SNPs coming from a genotyping experiment is annotated with genes known to be associated to a phenotype of interest. We show how, thanks to the modular architecture of Genephony and its user-friendly interface, this task can be performed in a few simple steps. Conclusion Genephony is an online tool for the manipulation of large datasets of genomic information. It can be used as a browser for genomic data, as a high-throughput annotation tool, and as a knowledge discovery tool. It is designed to be easy to use, flexible and extensible. Its knowledge management engine provides fine-grained control over individual data elements, as well as efficient operations on large datasets.

  20. Strategic knowledge management in brazilian organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rivadávia Correa Drummond de Alvarenga

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Investigates the theme known as “Knowledge Management” (KM in three large Brazilian organizations trying to discuss its concepts, constituent elements, managerial approaches and tools, while aiming at leaving behind the purely terminological discussion, which is innocuous and naive. The basic presuppositions were two: (i most of what it´s referred to or named KM is actually “Information Management” (IM and IM is just one of the components of KM. KM is more than simply IM due to the fact that it includes and incorporates other concerns, such as the creation, use and sharing of information and knowledge in the organizational context; (ii a conceptual model or map can be formulated based on three basic conceptions: (a a strategic conception of information and knowledge, (b the introduction of such strategy in the tactical and operational levels through the several managerial approaches and informaion technology tools and (c the creation of an organizational space for knowledge. The main objective is to investigate and analyze the conceptions, motivations, practices and results of KM effectively implemented in three large Brazilian organizations. The qualitative research strategy used was the study of multiple cases with incorporated units of analysis and three criteria ere observed for the judgment of the quality of the research project: validity of the construct, external validity and reliability. Multiple sources of evidence were used and data analysis consisted of three flows of activities: data reduction, data displays and conclusion drawing/verification. The results confirmed the presuppositions and the fact that KM means a rethinking of management practices in the information ea. It was also identified that the main challenges facing organizations committed to KM have its focus on change management, cultural and behavioral issues and the creation of an enabling context that favors the creation, use and sharing of information and

  1. Managers Knowledge about Basic Management Concepts in Telecommunication Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Aisha Bashir Shah; Lutuf Ali Phulpoto; Faiz Muhammad Shaikh

    2012-01-01

    The study was conducted to see the managerial skills and knowledge of all first line managers working in cellular companies like Mobilink, Telenor and Warid etc. The purpose of this study is to highlight the significance of the requirement of basic and essential managerial skills like conceptual, human & technical for a manager especially in this high and intense competition between different mobile operators. A complementary survey was conducted from 5 main offices of all cellular companies ...

  2. Knowledge Management System in Health & Social Care: Review on 20 Practiced Knowledge Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Saiful Ridhwan

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The importance of managing medical information has become very critical in the healthcare delivery system. Medical information nowadays are optimized towards serving different areas such as; diagnosing of diseases, planning and administration, treatment and monitoring of patient outcomes, services and costs. This article provides a review into various Health and Social Care systems which encompasses the Knowledge Management value. For analysis, more than 30 systems that are related to Health and Social Care were gathered via Internet research, only 20 of these systems were finally selected based on recent system development and popularity of the system.Keywords: Health Care, Knowledge, Knowledge Management, Social Care, systemdoi:10.12695/ajtm.2013.6.2.4 How to cite this article:Ridhwan, M.S., and Oyefolahan, I.O. (2013. Knowledge Management System in Health & Social Care: Review on 20 Practiced Knowledge Management. The Asian Journal of Technology Management 6 (2: 92-101. Print ISSN: 1978-6956; Online ISSN: 2089-791X. doi:10.12695/ajtm.2013.6.2.4

  3. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT AND INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL MANAGEMENT COUPLED TO QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM LEAD TO BUSINESS SUCCESS

    OpenAIRE

    Stevan Živojinović; Andrej Stanimirović; Slavko Arsovski

    2009-01-01

    From the vantage point of contemporary management paradigm shift and new knowledge-based economy, we underscore the importance of relations and support of quality management system - QMS (according to ISO 9001 standard) for management of knowledge and intellectual capital. QMS implementation, documenting, application, maintenance and continuous improvement, as a catalyst of effective organization management, provides a foundation for effective knowledge management and intellectual capital enl...

  4. Knowledge Management for Educational Information Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher A. Thorn

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the application of Knowledge Management (KM techniques to educational information systems—particularly in support of systemic reform efforts. The first section defines knowledge and its relationship to information and data. There is also a discussion of various goals that might be pursued by organizations using KM techniques. The second section explores some of the fundamental design elements of an educational KM system. These include questions surrounding the unit of analysis, distributed computer resources, and organizational characteristics of successful KM efforts. Section three outlines the benefits that organizations expect to gain by investing in KM. Section four is a case history of the introduction of a district-level data system and the parallel efforts to support the aggregation and reporting of high-stakes educational outcomes for 8th grade students in the Milwaukee Public Schools (MPS district. Finally, there are some preliminary conclusions about the capacity of an urban district in a complex policy environment to respond to the knowledge management needs of a decentralized system.

  5. e-Learning Management System Using Service Oriented Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammed A. Jabr; Hussein K.A. Omari

    2010-01-01

    Problem statement: Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) defines how to integrate widely disparate applications for a world that is Web based and uses multiple implementation platforms. Using (SOA) one can build durable e-learning contents, regardless of changes or evolutions in technology. This means that new content should be added to existing content without costly redesign, reconfiguration, or recoding. Approach: In this study an e-Learning management system with Web services oriented frame...

  6. Flexible medical image management using service-oriented architecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaham, Oded; Melament, Alex; Barak-Corren, Yuval; Kostirev, Igor; Shmueli, Noam; Peres, Yardena

    2012-01-01

    Management of medical images increasingly involves the need for integration with a variety of information systems. To address this need, we developed Content Management Offering (CMO), a platform for medical image management supporting interoperability through compliance with standards. CMO is based on the principles of service-oriented architecture, implemented with emphasis on three areas: clarity of business process definition, consolidation of service configuration management, and system scalability. Owing to the flexibility of this platform, a small team is able to accommodate requirements of customers varying in scale and in business needs. We describe two deployments of CMO, highlighting the platform's value to customers. CMO represents a flexible approach to medical image management, which can be applied to a variety of information technology challenges in healthcare and life sciences organizations. PMID:22874344

  7. Proposal of a referential Enterprise Architecture management framework for companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Esquetini Cáceres

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available (Received: 2014/11/26 - Accepted: 2014/12/17Enterprise Architecture (EA is conceived nowadays as an essential management activity to visualize and evaluate the future direction of a company. The objective of this paper is to make a literature review on EA to evaluate its role as management tool. It is also explained how EA can fulfill two fundamental purposes, first as a tool for assessing the current situation (self-assessment of an organization; second as a tool to model and simulate future scenarios that allow better decision making for the restructuration and development of improvement plans. Furthermore an analysis is made of the integration possibilities of EA with other business management methodologies, as balanced score card (BSC and the model of the European Foundation for Quality Management (EFQM. As the result a management framework is presented, which includes the required elements to achieve excellence and quality standards in organizations.

  8. Turning Knowledge into Success: The Role of Collaboration in Knowledge Management Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hizmetli, Handan

    2014-01-01

    This case study describes five phases that a community college went through in developing its use of knowledge management practices to improve their student outcomes and recommends how other colleges can similarly benefit from knowledge management in meeting their goals.

  9. Managing heterogeneous knowledge: a theory of external knowledge integration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kraaijenbrink, Jeroen; Wijnhoven, Fons

    2008-01-01

    Knowledge integration has been theorised at the levels of organisations and inter-organisational dyads. However, no theory exists yet of the integration of knowledge from an organisation's environment. This paper addresses this void in the literature by presenting a theory of external knowledge inte

  10. The New Management in the Knowledge Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofia TOTOLICI

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available As the world struggles to rise from the recent downfall and prevent another financial crisis, which becomes more and more visible for experts all around the world, organizations had to change their way of thinking and designing strategies in order to survive. It has become clearer than ever that the most valuable asset organizations nowadays posses is information, and it is their responsibility to transform it into knowledge and that into innovation so that they could gain the competitive advantage on an ever-changing and more and more selective market. This paper proposes to highlight the changes that took or should have taken place on the management level in the organizations in the context of the knowledge society we all live in.

  11. "Knowledge as Love; How metaphors direct the way we manage knowledge in organizations"

    OpenAIRE

    Andriessen, Daan

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents the results of an exercise to assess the effects of metaphors on knowledge management. Knowledge is an abstract phenomenon with no direct referent in the real world. To think and talk about knowledge we use conceptual metaphors. The exercise shows that these metaphors greatly influence the problems we identify related to knowledge in organizations and the type of knowledge management solutions we propose. The knowledge as water metaphor used in this exercise – which reflec...

  12. Nuclear knowledge management in radioactive waste management programmes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In late 2007, the Nuclear Knowledge Management (NKM) group of the Argentine Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA), understanding the need to preserve knowledge related with radioactive waste, formulated the CONRRaD Project with the aim of developing and implementing a sustainable knowledge management system. The CONRRaD Project was highly focused on minimising the loss of radioactive waste management knowledge related to processes and facilities as a consequence of staff ageing and retiring, promoting transfer and preservation so as to ensure that future generations interpret and improve the management of waste, protecting the environment and people's health. The National Programme for Radioactive Waste Management (NPRWM) has the responsibility of maintaining a documented record system to preserve the knowledge that is available and relates to the facilities for radioactive wastes treatment, conditioning, packaging, storing and disposal of low-level radioactive wastes. The STOReR system has been designed with the aim of ensuring traceability through all the steps of radioactive waste management from generation to storage or disposal. Apart from upgrading an application in use since 2001, the new software includes improvements in the inventory calculations according to the current regulations. Basically, the system consists of two applications. One application called PAGE is on the Net and it is available for the producers. These producers are the facilities that generate radioactive waste as a consequence of their normal operation. PAGE enables the producers to access all the services provided by AGE more easily. Not only are producers the users of PAGE, but there are also authorised owners of radioactive sources and devices because AGE provides transitory or permanent storage of these elements. The other application called STOReR is the main one which provides the capabilities needed to support the whole system, such as the databases storage and management. STORe

  13. An Integrated Management Approach to Leveraging Knowledge Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Andrew Goh

    2005-01-01

    Knowledge management (KM) is widely accepted as an indispensable management discipline. It has now emerged as the next likely source of sustainable competitive advantage. However, as to how knowledge management (KM) practices can be harnessed to leverage the pursuit of knowledge innovation has yet to be fully explored. This article discusses the significance of knowledge by describing the transition from “information revolution” to “knowledge revolution” – which enables various forms of knowl...

  14. The convergence between knowledge management and e-learning concepts

    OpenAIRE

    Dana Adriana LUPSA-TATARU; Adelina CHITU

    2008-01-01

    The paper is centered on presenting the two main points of view regarding the two concepts analyzed, considering the novelty of the knowledge management domain and the essential role that the universities are playing within knowledge-based economy and knowledge-based society. The conclusion of the paper is that between knowledge management and e-learning there is a strong bound, based on the contribution of applications/e-learning platforms to the development of knowledge management processes...

  15. A VIEWPOINT ON THE CURRENT STATE OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT INSTRUMENTS

    OpenAIRE

    ANDREEA PAULA DUMITRU

    2011-01-01

    Knowledge management is seeking solutions to harmonize the objectives of organizations of the human group, which need to rationalize, to provide policy makers and to implement. This article aims to provide readers with an introduction to knowledge management basic definitions, theories and concepts such as types of knowledge, the differences between data, information and knowledge, etc, are given. But, why we need a knowledge management ? This article justified the need for companies to focus...

  16. Knowledge Management of E-Government in Jordan

    OpenAIRE

    Tamara Almarabeh

    2011-01-01

    nowadays, knowledge management is considered an essential part of any organization to prepare and develop its vision for the future. Knowledge management allows better utilization of the organization expertise, resources, and bright ideas. The science of knowledge management started when the technology revolution reached every organization. The ease and availability of information, major advancements in communication technologies, the emergence of knowledge worker, and the knowledge economy a...

  17. An agile enterprise regulation architecture for health information security management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ying-Pei; Hsieh, Sung-Huai; Cheng, Po-Hsun; Chien, Tsan-Nan; Chen, Heng-Shuen; Luh, Jer-Junn; Lai, Jin-Shin; Lai, Feipei; Chen, Sao-Jie

    2010-09-01

    Information security management for healthcare enterprises is complex as well as mission critical. Information technology requests from clinical users are of such urgency that the information office should do its best to achieve as many user requests as possible at a high service level using swift security policies. This research proposes the Agile Enterprise Regulation Architecture (AERA) of information security management for healthcare enterprises to implement as part of the electronic health record process. Survey outcomes and evidential experiences from a sample of medical center users proved that AERA encourages the information officials and enterprise administrators to overcome the challenges faced within an electronically equipped hospital. PMID:20815748

  18. System Architecture and Mobility Management for Mobile Immersive Communications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehran Dowlatshahi

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available We propose a system design for delivery of immersive communications to mobile wireless devices based on a distributed proxy model. It is demonstrated that this architecture addresses key technical challenges for the delivery of these services, that is, constraints on link capacity and power consumption in mobile devices. However, additional complexity is introduced with respect to application layer mobility management. The paper proposes three possible methods for updating proxy assignments in response to mobility management and compares the performance of these methods.

  19. Operator support architecture for monitoring abnormal symptoms of nuclear power plant based on knowledge engineering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An architecture to support nuclear power plant operators for monitoring abnormal symptoms has been proposed based on the techniques of knowledge engineering, and the feasibility of a plant monitoring support system was investigated. The purpose of the support system is to present the operators with useful information so that they can make correct judgment at an early and subtle stage of abnormal plant conditions. In the architecture proposed, abductive reasoning is performed to search for causal events and deductive one to predict consequential events using the knowledge representing plant components as frames and those representing causal relations as production rules. A method to deal with uncertainties in each types of reasoning has been adopted, and it is used to rank several hypotheses of causal events and to assess the importance of plant parameters for monitoring. A prototype system was developed, and its usefulness was tested using a case of failure in a recirculation pump of a BWR plant. (author)

  20. Business Intelligence & Knowledge Management - Technological Support for Strategic Management in the Knowledge Based Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorel PARASCHIV

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The viability and success of modern enterprises are subject to the increasing dynamic of the economic environment, so they need to adjust rapidly their policies and strategies in order to respond to sophistication of competitors, customers and suppliers, globalization of business, international competition. Perhaps the most critical component for success of the modern enterprise is its ability to take advantage of all available information - both internal and external. Making sense of all this information, gaining value and competitive advantage through represents real challenges for the enterprise. The IT solutions designed to address these challenges have been developed in two different approaches: structured data management (Business Intelligence and unstructured content management (Knowledge Management. Integrating Business Intelligence and Knowledge Management in new software applications designated not only to store highly structured data and exploit it in real time but also to interpret the results and communicate them to decision factors provides real technological support for Strategic Management. Integrating Business Intelligence and Knowledge Management in order to respond to the challenges the modern enterprise has to deal with represents not only a "new trend" in IT, but a necessity in the emerging knowledge based economy. These hybrid technologies are already widely known in both scientific and practice communities as Competitive Intelligence. In the end of paper,a competitive datawarehouse design is proposed, in an attempt to apply business intelligence technologies to economic environment analysis making use of romanian public data sources.

  1. Gestalteconomy: The economic bases of knowledge management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Conventional economic analyses are based on dogmas that are frequently out of phase with reality. It is thus very difficult to introduce technology, technological innovation and technical progress correctly into all the theoretical constructions derived from the application of these principles. The same applies to the consideration of pollution and the depletion of natural resources. These difficult problems, which bedevil the definition of a sustainable development, find no satisfactory answer in these theoretical considerations. The consideration of Gestalteconomy helps to resolve these difficulties, in opening the door to the entrepreneurial practical management of knowledge. (author)

  2. Korean initiatives on nuclear knowledge management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Korean atomic energy activities have been the vigorous and ever expanding in the peaceful use of atomic energy. However for the last ten-year period, the new recruitments have been drastically reduced. The paper presents the nuclear manpower status in each nuclear related institute, which was surveyed in 2002. The ageing problem appears but is not very serious as a whole. The research institutes show more serious ageing problems compared to the industries. The paper also summarises the initiatives taken by Korean institutes related to the nuclear knowledge management activities with focus on the NtUss (Nuclear Technology Undergraduate Student Society) programme. (author)

  3. Nuclear knowledge management and preservation in Lithuania

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Problems of nuclear knowledge management and preservation in Lithuania are presented in the paper. The support provided through bilateral cooperation projects was very important for Lithuania. The main projects implemented in the last 14 years are described in this paper. Lithuania joined INIS (International Nuclear Information System) in 1994 and established its own INIS national centre in the premises of the Ministry of Economy. To educate the public about the processes going on in Ignalina NPP, the information centre of Ignalina NPP was founded. Nuclear and nuclear related education in Lithuania is provided in the Kaunas Technological University. (author)

  4. Emerging technologies for knowledge resource management

    CERN Document Server

    Pandian, M

    2007-01-01

    Emerging Technologies for Knowledge Resource Management examines various factors that contribute to an enabled environment for optimum utilisation of information resources. These include the digital form of information resources, which are inherently sharable, consortia as a concept to bring people and materials together and unified portals as technology to bring together disparate and heterogeneous resources for sharing and access. The book provides a step-by-step guideline for system analysis and requirements analysis. The book also provides reviews of existing portal models for sharing reso

  5. Nuclear knowledge management and preservation in Lithuania

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karaliute, R. [Nuclear Energy Division, Ministry of Economy, Gedimino ave. 28/2, Vilnius LT 01104 (Lithuania)]. E-mail: r.karaliute@ukmin.lt

    2005-07-01

    Problems of nuclear knowledge management and preservation in Lithuania are presented in the paper. The support provided through bilateral cooperation projects was very important for Lithuania. The main projects implemented in the last 14 years are described in this paper. Lithuania joined INIS (International Nuclear Information System) in 1994 and established its own INIS national centre in the premises of the Ministry of Economy. To educate the public about the processes going on in Ignalina NPP, the information centre of Ignalina NPP was founded. Nuclear and nuclear related education in Lithuania is provided in the Kaunas Technological University. (author)

  6. Exploring LIS academics’ responses to knowledge management

    OpenAIRE

    Roknuzzaman, Md.; Umemoto, Katsuhiro

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – The main purpose of this study is to investigate how and why library and information science (LIS) academics have responded to the advent of knowledge management (KM). Design/methodology/approach – The study employs an “experience survey” as a research strategy. Besides a review of scientific literature, this study conducts an e-mail survey of 106 LIS academics of the world who have adopted KM education in their schools. A structured questionnaire comprising of both closed and open ...

  7. Knowledge management of neutronics integral experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As one of the main objectives of the NEA Nuclear Science Section is to support the preservation and dissemination of essential knowledge in the field of nuclear science, the NEA coordinates the evaluation and ensures the distribution of benchmark experiments in different areas. To manage the data, the NEA Nuclear Science Section and Data Bank collaborate to create relational databases and corresponding user interfaces: DICE (Database for the International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments), IDAT (International Reactor Physics Handbook Evaluation Project Database and Analysis Tool), and SFCOMPO (Spent Fuel Isotopic Composition Database). This article proposes a brief presentation of these databases, and a brief overview of their use

  8. The Contemporary School and Knowledge management

    OpenAIRE

    Mulej Majtaž

    2008-01-01

    The school of today faces circumstances that differ very much from the ones in which the current educators have been educated as students, especially in the countries that are new members of the European Union as EU-27. Therefore, in order to manage knowledge in their school of today, one must understand the socio-economic development trends and their impact over the school as a subsystem of the emerging innovative society in which the innovative business leaves little or no room for the rout...

  9. Management of nuclear knowledge and education

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors believe that preservation of critical knowledge for transferring to the next generation and formation of competencies that would meet the demands of modern nuclear technology must be the basis of nuclear education and training of professional staff for full-scale development of the nuclear industry. It is also necessary to formulate requirements to new competencies, which will help people that possess them address tasks of innovative development of nuclear technologies, and ensure that managers and engineers of all levels possess them. Cooperation (including international) will be vital between state authorities, industrial companies, science and research institutions and higher education to create favourable conditions for nuclear education and professional training

  10. Incorporating the knowledge management cycle in e-business

    OpenAIRE

    O, Ying-Lie; Gordijn, Jaap; Akkermans, Hans

    2001-01-01

    In e-business, knowledge can be extracted from the recorded information by intelligent data analysis and then utilised in the business transaction. E-knowledge is a foundation for e-business. E-business can be supported by an intelligent information system that provides intelligent business process support and advanced support of the e-knowledge management cycle. Knowledge is stored as knowledge models that can be updated in the e-knowledge management cycle. As illustrated in examples, the e-...

  11. Technical competencies in knowledge management: implications for training

    OpenAIRE

    Noordin, Siti Arpah Binti

    2008-01-01

    Many organizations have started to adopt knowledge management as one of their strategic initiatives that is to create, retain, share and use the valuable knowledge assets to achieve the organisational objectives. Although knowledge management (KM) is mainly adopted by the private sectors, the Knowledge-based Economy Master Plan, which was launched in 2002 by the government of Malaysia, has encouraged the public and government sectors to value and exploit their knowledge assets. While knowledg...

  12. The Competitive Advantage for the New Millennium : Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    McCampbell, Atefeh Sadri (Florida Institute of Technology); Clare, Linda M. (University of Maryland); Gitters, Scott Howard (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins); GreyNet, Grey Literature Network Service

    2000-01-01

    The paper defines the newly emerging concept of knowledge management. The topics presented include: principles and practices of knowledge management and the competitive advantage gained by industries employing this discipline. The technical applications and tools currently utilized within this discipline will also be discussed. A survey was conducted to quantify the level of corporate awareness of knowledge management, the effectiveness of knowledge management practices on leveraging intellec...

  13. Review of Knowledge Management Systems As Socio-Technical System

    OpenAIRE

    Assegaff, Setiawan; Hussin, Ab Razak Che

    2012-01-01

    Knowledge Management Systems as socio-technical systemperspectives has recognized for decades. Practitioners and scholars belief Knowledge Management is best carried out throught the optimization both technological and social-aspect.Lacking of understand and consider both aspects could lead organizations in misinterpretation while developing andimplementing Knowledge Management System. There is a need for practical guidance how Knowledge Management System should implement in organizations. We...

  14. OVERVIEW OF THE NEWEST KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT INITIATIVES ASSESSMENT APPROACHES

    OpenAIRE

    Dana Lupsa; Sanda Constantin

    2007-01-01

    Even if knowledge management practices and initiatives become more and more popular all over the world, there is not yet a general acceptance or standardized knowledge management assessment approach. The most utilized methods are the one based on the intellectual assets, considering that knowledge management implementation conduct to the development of such assets. Recently, there were developed methods, techniques and indexes especially designed to evaluate the impact of knowledge management...

  15. Knowledge Management as a Strategic Resource to gain Competitive Advantage

    OpenAIRE

    Buanahagi, Edelson da Glória Baltazar; Odoko, Akpotareghe

    2012-01-01

    Even though knowledge management has progressed from an embryonic to an increasingly recognized discipline over the course of the last decade, the bulk of studies in knowledge management have been descriptive and focused on definitions and integrating existing definitions. There have been relatively few studies (mostly surveys) that focus on knowledge management in relation to other organizational factors (Zack, McKeen & Singh, 2009), and work in the area of knowledge management and compe...

  16. Architectural Knowledge: key flows and processes in designing an inter-organizational technological platform

    OpenAIRE

    Amel Attour; Maelle Della-Peruta

    2014-01-01

    The main objective is to identify which knowledge flows are key elements for designing an inter-organisational technological platform. It mobilizes two theories: the literature of platform strategies and the architectural innovation theory. In the literature, the technological platform is already existing, is the property of only one firm and it is the starting point for an inter-organisational innovation process because it is enhanced and enriched by niche players. This paper considers the c...

  17. Knowledge Management in Pursuit of Performance: The Challenge of Context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degler, Duane; Battle, Lisa

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the integration of knowledge management into business applications. Topics include the difference between knowledge and information; performance-centered design (PCD); applying knowledge to support business outcomes, including context, experience, and information quality; techniques for merging PCD and knowledge management, including…

  18. Knowledge management framework for robust cognitive radio operation in non-stationary environments

    OpenAIRE

    Bouali, Faouzi; Sallent Roig, José Oriol; Pérez Romero, Jordi

    2013-01-01

    To increase cognitive radio operation efficiency, this paper proposes a new knowledge management functional architecture, based on the fittingness factor concept, for supporting spectrum management in non-stationary environments. It includes a reliability tester module that detects, based on hypothesis testing, relevant changes in suitability levels of spectrum resources to support a set of heterogeneous applications. These changes are captured through a set of advanced statistics stored in a...

  19. Application of Knowledge Management: Pressing questions and practical answers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    FROMM-LEWIS,MICHELLE

    2000-02-11

    Sandia National Laboratory are working on ways to increase production using Knowledge Management. Knowledge Management is: finding ways to create, identify, capture, and distribute organizational knowledge to the people who need it; to help information and knowledge flow to the right people at the right time so they can act more efficiently and effectively; recognizing, documenting and distributing explicit knowledge (explicit knowledge is quantifiable and definable, it makes up reports, manuals, instructional materials, etc.) and tacit knowledge (tacit knowledge is doing and performing, it is a combination of experience, hunches, intuition, emotions, and beliefs) in order to improve organizational performance and a systematic approach to find, understand and use knowledge to create value.

  20. Applying a Knowledge Management Taxonomy to Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thambi, Melinda; O'Toole, Paddy

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to examine the relevance of a corporate-based taxonomy of knowledge management to secondary schooling. Do the principles of knowledge management from the corporate world translate to the world of education; specifically, secondary schooling? This article examines categories of knowledge management articulated in…