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Sample records for architectonic design ahorro

  1. Energy savings in buildings through the architectonic design; Ahorro de energa en edificaciones a traves de diseno arquitectonico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Figueroa Castrejon, A. [Universidad Autnoma Metropolitana-Azcapotzalco, Division de Ciencias y Artes para el Diseno, Laboratorio de Arquitectura Bioclimatica (Mexico)

    1997-12-31

    This paper points out the problems the existing buildings have in its architectonic design and alternatives presented to improve their habitability and energy consumption, making reference to national cases and to the social-economic environment of our country. [Espanol] El presente trabajo senala los problemas que tienen las edificaciones actuales en su diseno arquitectonico y las alternativas que se presentan para mejorar su habitabilidad y consumo energetico, haciendo referencia a los casos nacionales y al entorno socioeconmico de nuestro pas.

  2. Sao Paulo city and London architectonic epigraphs: a comparison from an information design perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priscila Lena Farias

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a comparative study on inscriptions containing the names of architects and builders found in the façades of building in the cities of São Paulo and London. For the study, 123 architectonic epigraphs found in São Paulo city historic centre were compared with 71 inscriptions of the same kind found in the regions of Westminster and Camden, in central London. The focus of the analysis is the informational aspects of the inscriptions, including its location, size, typographic configuration and content.

  3. HIGH QUALITY ENVIRONMENTAL PRINCIPLES APPLIED TO THE ARCHITECTONIC DESIGN SELECTION PROCEDURE: THE NUTRE LAB CASE

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    Claudia Barroso Krause

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The need to produce more sustainable buildings has been influencing the design decisions all over the world. That’s why it is imperative, in Brazil, the development of strategies and method to aid the decision making during the design process, focused on high quality environmental. This paper presents a decision support tool based on the principles of sustainable construction developed by the Project, Architecture and Sustainability Research Group (GPAS of Federal University of Rio de Janeiro – Brazil. The methodology has been developed for the selection of a preliminary design of a laboratory to be built at Rio Technology Park at the University campus. The support provided by GPAS occurred in three stages: the elaboration of the Reference Guide for the competitors, the development of a methodology to evaluate the proposed solutions (based on environmental performance criteria and the assistance of the members of jury in the trial phase. The theoretical framework was based upon the concepts of the bioclimatic architecture, the procedures specified by the certification HQE® (Haute Qualité Environnementale and the method suggested by the ADDENDA® architecture office. The success of this experience points out the possibility to future application in similar cases.

  4. Cost-benefit of energy saving in bioclimatic designs; Costo-beneficio del ahorro de energia en los disenos bioclimatios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez P, J. Manuel A. [Doble dos soluciones de Negocios (Mexico); Morillon G, David; Rdriguez V, Luis [Universidad Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico)

    2001-06-01

    Tools and criteria for Cost-Benefit Analysis (ACB) of energy saving in bioclimatic designs (DB) are presented, for which a reference project is established. Based on the traditional design of air conditioning of a building and with the support of this one, the estimation of costs and benefits of the same building is made; but with passive systems. The tools used consider related resources such as time and money. Criteria are used such as: Present value (VP), Equivalent Annual Cost (EAC) and the Cost of the conserved Energy (CEC). The costs related to the construction, maintenance and operation of the design are taken into consideration. The differences between the design of reference and the Bioclimatic Design, established from the application of these criteria, allow evaluating the economic margin as far as operation and maintenance. Finally, the cost of the conserved energy of the bioclimatic measures is evaluated as an initiative for energy saving and calculates the present value from them in all of the period of useful life of the bioclimatic design. [Spanish] Se presentan herramientas y criterios para el analisis Costo-Beneficio (ACB) del ahorro de energia en los disenos bioclimaticos (DB), para lo cual se establece un proyecto de referencia. Basado en el diseno tradicional de la climatizacion de un edificio y con apoyo en este, se realiza la estimacion de costos y beneficios del mismo edificio; pero con sistema pasivos. Las herramientas usadas consideran recursos relacionados como son tiempo y dinero. Se usan criterios tales como: Valor Presente (VP), Costo Anual Equivalente (CAE) y el Costo de la Energia conservada (CEC). Se toman en consideracion los costos relacionados con la construccion, mantenimiento y operacion del diseno. Las diferencias entre el diseno de referencia y el Diseno Bioclimatico, establecidas a partir de la aplicacion de estos criterios, permiten evaluar el margen economico en cuanto a la operacion y el mantenimiento. Finalmente, se

  5. Digital models for architectonical representation

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    Stefano Brusaporci

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Digital instruments and technologies enrich architectonical representation and communication opportunities. Computer graphics is organized according the two phases of visualization and construction, that is modeling and rendering, structuring dichotomy of software technologies. Visualization modalities give different kinds of representations of the same 3D model and instruments produce a separation between drawing and image’s creation. Reverse modeling can be related to a synthesis process, ‘direct modeling’ follows an analytic procedure. The difference between interactive and not interactive applications is connected to the possibilities offered by informatics instruments, and relates to modeling and rendering. At the same time the word ‘model’ describes different phenomenon (i.e. files: mathematical model of the building and of the scene; raster representation and post-processing model. All these correlated different models constitute the architectonical interpretative model, that is a simulation of reality made by the model for improving the knowledge.

  6. Cost-Benefit of the energy saving in the bioclimatic designs; Costo-Beneficio del ahorro de energia en los disenos bioclimaticos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez P, J. Manuel A. [Doble Dos Soluciones de Negocios, S.A. de C.V., Mexico, D.F. (Mexico); Morillon G, David; Rodriguez V, Luis [Instituto de Ingenieria de la UNAM, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    1999-07-01

    Tools and criteria for the Cost-Benefit analysis from the energy saving in bioclimatic designs (BD) are presented, for which, a reference project is established and the costs and benefits of energy saving in BD with base in that project are evaluated. A case study is presented taking as reference the traditional design of the air conditioning of a building and with this base the estimation of cost-benefit of the same building is made, but with passive systems. The tools used are those that allow to consider related resources such as time and money; in that sense, are used criteria such as: Present value (PV), Equivalent Annual Cost (EAC) and the Cost of the Conserved Energy (CCE). The costs related to the construction, maintenance and operation of the design are taken into account. The differences between the reference design and the BD, established from the application of these criteria, allow to evaluate the economic margin of the BD as far as operation and maintenance is concerned. Finally the CCE of the bioclimatic measures is evaluated as an initiative of energy saving and the present value is calculated of the energy saving in the entire useful life of a bioclimatic design. [Spanish] Se presentan herramientas y criterios para el analisis Costo-Beneficio del ahorro de energia en disenos bioclimaticos (DB), para lo cual, se establece un proyecto de referencia y se evaluan los costos y beneficios del ahorro de energia en DB con base en ese proyecto. Se presenta el estudio de un caso tomando como referencia el dise tradicional de la climatizacion de un edificio y con base en este, se realiza la estimacion de costos y beneficios del mismo edificio, pero con sistemas pasivos. Las herramientas usadas, son aquellas que permiten considerar recursos relacionados como son tiempo y dinero; en ese sentido, se usan criterios como: Valor Presente (VP), Costo Anual Equivalente (CAE) y el Costo de la Energia Conservada (CEC). Se toman en consideracion los costos relacionados

  7. Metaphors of Time and Installed Knowledge Organization Systems: Ouroboros, Architectonics, or Lachesis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tennis, Joseph T.

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: This paper presents three metaphors of time present in knowledge organization systems. Analysis: These three metaphors the architectonic, ouroboric, and lachesic, can be used as lenses to analyse extant or newly designed knowledge organization systems. Conclusion: A foundational view of evaluating and theorizing about knowledge…

  8. Design aspects and conservation of roads in the saving of energy; Aspectos de diseno y conservacion de carreteras en el ahorro de energia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez Cajun, Carlos S.; Aguerrebere Salido, Roberto [Instituto Mexicano del Transporte, Queretaro (Mexico)

    1992-12-31

    In this paper the effects that on the fuel consumption the roads have for their slopes and roughness are presented. A mathematical model is presented which shows the relationship between the slope, the roughness coefficient and the required power to overcome the corresponding resistance; the former in order to predict the fuel consumption and therefore, the potential level of energy saving corresponding to this item. [Espanol] En este trabajo se presentan los efectos que sobre consumo de combustible se tienen, debido a las pendientes y rugosidades de las carreteras. Se presenta un modelo matematico que muestra la relacion entre la pendiente, el coeficiente de rodamiento y la potencia requerida para vencer las resistencias correspondientes; lo anterior con el fin de predecir el consumo de combustible y, por lo tanto, los niveles potenciales de ahorro de energia correspondientes a este rubro.

  9. Energy conservation and contribution to the sustained development through action in the bioclimate design; Ahorro de energia y contribucion al desarrollo sustentable a partir de acciones de diseno bioclimatico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Chavez, J. R.; Dorantes Rodriguez, R. [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Unidad Azcapotzalco, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1995-12-31

    The energy world crisis of 1973 besides the problems of supplying and the raise of prices also propitiated in various countries, a reaction aimed at the efficient use and conservation of energy and to the application of a common sense architecture: the BIOCLIMATIC ARCHITECTURE, which is based in utilization in the buildings of the alternate energies, such as the wind power, etc. The obtaining natural environmental comfort conditions and the saving and efficient use of energy in the buildings are the fundamental objectives of the BIOCLIMATIC ARCHITECTURE. Under these considerations several passive systems for the thermal control in buildings have been set forth, which have been applied in different climatic regions of the planet. This paper presents and analyzes the potential saving of energy through the implementation of practices such as the installation of artificial high efficiency lighting systems and passive cooling systems for the thermal control of an educational building -the central library of the Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Azcapotzalco Unit, located in Mexico City. The objective of this study is aimed at the reduction of the consumption of energy in the library and the attainment of comfortable hygrothermal environment for its occupants. Studies performed during the first stage of the research, have permitted the identification of a excessive energy consumption and lack of comfort hygrothermal conditions and the need of high quality air inside the library. These actions have been focussed to two aspects. The first one is related to the improvement in the operation of the electric installation and in the library lighting. These actions were based in the substitution of lamps, load balancing of the secondary circuits, checking and improvement of the electric insulation a better selectivity of lighting switches installation in the vicinity of windows and areas with greater natural illumination. The second aspect refers to the calculation, design

  10. Energy saving in office buildings through cheap bioclimatic design measures; Ahorro de energia en edificios de oficinas a partir de medidas de diseno bioclimatico de bajo costo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Chavez, Jose Roberto [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Unidad Azcapotzalco (Mexico)

    2007-01-15

    This article shows the study performed in a building of Campus Uni dad Azcapotzalco in order to evaluate some bioclimatic design strategies. And to reach the higrothermic comfort and the appropriate lighting to favor employees to increase their performance in work activities. There are some strategies in order to solve this problem: the skylight area reduction, existing lights change, ventilation increase, fixed partition door implementation, etc. The obtained outcomes make possible the beginning of bioclimatic design use to save energy in other buildings, because sometimes edifications possess a design that cause the energy waste. [Spanish] En este articulo se muestra el estudio que se hizo en un edificio en el Campus Unidad Azcapotzalco, el fin de esta labor es evaluar ciertas estrategias de diseno bioclimatico para que las personas que operan en este edificio puedan tener confort higrotermico y una iluminacion pertinente, que den como resultado un mejor desempeno en las tareas que realizan. Algunas de las estrategias para darle solucion a esta problematica son: disminuir del area de lucernarios, cambiar las luminarias existentes, aumentar la ventilacion, implementar canceleria, etc. Con los resultados obtenidos nace la esperanza de que se utilicen estrategias de diseno bioclimatico para ahorrar energia en otros edificios, ya que muchas veces las edificaciones poseen un diseno que unicamente provoca el uso imprudente de la energia.

  11. The architectonic encoding of the minor lunar standstills in the horizon of the Giza pyramids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossam, M. K. Aboulfotouh

    The paper is an attempt to show the architectonic method of the ancient Egyptian designers for encoding the horizontal-projections of the moon's declinations during two events of the minor lunar standstills, in the design of the site-plan of the horizon of the Giza pyramids, using the methods of descriptive geometry. It shows that the distance of the eastern side of the second Giza pyramid from the north-south axis of the great pyramid encodes a projection of a lunar declination, when earth's obliquity-angle was ~24.10°. Besides, it shows that the angle of inclination of the causeway of the second Giza pyramid, of ~13.54° south of the cardinal east, encodes the projection of another lunar declination when earth's obliquity-angle reaches ~22.986°. In addition, it shows the encoded coordinate system in the site-plan of the horizon of the Giza pyramids.

  12. Energy conservation and contribution to the sustained development through action in the bioclimate design; Ahorro de energia y contribucion al desarrollo sustentable a partir de acciones de diseno bioclimatico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Chavez, J. R.; Dorantes Rodriguez, R. [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Unidad Azcapotzalco, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1995-12-31

    The energy world crisis of 1973 besides the problems of supplying and the raise of prices also propitiated in various countries, a reaction aimed at the efficient use and conservation of energy and to the application of a common sense architecture: the BIOCLIMATIC ARCHITECTURE, which is based in utilization in the buildings of the alternate energies, such as the wind power, etc. The obtaining natural environmental comfort conditions and the saving and efficient use of energy in the buildings are the fundamental objectives of the BIOCLIMATIC ARCHITECTURE. Under these considerations several passive systems for the thermal control in buildings have been set forth, which have been applied in different climatic regions of the planet. This paper presents and analyzes the potential saving of energy through the implementation of practices such as the installation of artificial high efficiency lighting systems and passive cooling systems for the thermal control of an educational building -the central library of the Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Azcapotzalco Unit, located in Mexico City. The objective of this study is aimed at the reduction of the consumption of energy in the library and the attainment of comfortable hygrothermal environment for its occupants. Studies performed during the first stage of the research, have permitted the identification of a excessive energy consumption and lack of comfort hygrothermal conditions and the need of high quality air inside the library. These actions have been focussed to two aspects. The first one is related to the improvement in the operation of the electric installation and in the library lighting. These actions were based in the substitution of lamps, load balancing of the secondary circuits, checking and improvement of the electric insulation a better selectivity of lighting switches installation in the vicinity of windows and areas with greater natural illumination. The second aspect refers to the calculation, design

  13. Tüür, Erkki-Sven: Architectonics VI. Passion. Illusion / Guy S. Rickards

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rickards, Guy S.

    1996-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Tüür, Erkki-Sven: Architectonics VI. Passion. Illusion. Crystallisatio. Requiem. Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir, Tallinn Chamber Orchestra, Tõnu Kaljuste. ECM New Series 449 459-2 (64 minutes: DDD)

  14. Changes in internal architectonics of proximal femur in children with hip dysplasia development

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    Dokhov M.M.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research is to identify common patterns of compensatory changes in internal architectonics of the proximal femur with valgus and varus deformity. Material and Methods. The parameters of the proximal femur were determined on the basis of 78 roentgenograms of children with hip dysplasia (1-4 years, 4-7 years, 7-16 years before and after surgical treatment (after 6 months. Results. The degree of change in internal architectonics of the bone substance has been determined after changing of the femoral neck-shaft angle achieved with the help of correcting osteotomy in different age groups. Conclusion. Maximum recovery of internal architectonics of the bone substance is observed in the groups aged 4-7 years.

  15. Standardization for electric energy saving; Normalizacion para el ahorro de energia electrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reyes Diaz, Arturo [Fideicomiso de Apoyo al Programa de Ahorro de Energia del Sector Electrico (FIDE), Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1993-12-31

    This work describes shortly the current legislation on the standardization; as well as the participation of the entities Fideicomiso de Apoyo al Programa de Ahorro de Energia del Sector Electrico (FIDE) and Programa de Ahorro de Energia (PAESE) in the consulting committees, for the elaboration of the Mexican official standards focussed to electric power saving. [Espanol] El presente trabajo, describe brevemente la legislacion actual sobre la normalizacion; asi como la participacion de las entidades Fideicomiso de Apoyo al Programa de Ahorro de Energia del Sector Electrico (FIDE) y Programa de ahorro de Energia (PAESE) en los comites consultivos, para la elaboracion de normas oficiales mexicanas enfocadas al ahorro de energia electrica.

  16. Factores determinantes del ahorro interno en América Latina

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Añez; Angel Urbina; Lionar Ojeda

    2002-01-01

    El siguiente artículo aborda el problema del financiamiento de la inversión para un país en desarrollo, específicamente de la América Latina, tratando de revisar la literatura disponible para llegar a conclusiones sobre cómo los determinantes del ahorro en todas sus versiones -ahorro externo, ahorro privado y ahorro público- ejercen influencia sobre el proceso de crecimiento. Aun cuando la dirección causal exacta entre ahorro y crecimiento no ha sido establecida, el desarrollo de ...

  17. Influence of deposit policy on forming the architectonics of development of banks

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    Вікторія Володимирівна Коваленко

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In the article the basic pressing questions of forming the deposit policy of banks and its influence are exposed on their deposit activity. Conceptual positions of forming and realization of deposit policy of banks are determined in modern terms. The necessity of change the architectonics of development of banks is well-proven due to realization of deposit management strategy

  18. EN LAS CAJAS DE AHORROS ESPAÑOLAS

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    Isidoro Guzmán

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El rendimiento del sector financiero español ha sido objeto de diversos estudios alo largo del decenio de los novena del sigloXXcomo consecuencia de los impor-tantes cambios a los que ha estado sometido. Las cajas de ahorros españolas nohan sido ajenas a este tipo de estudios, si bien circunscritos de manera exclusiva alexamen de su eficiencia y productividad, relegando a un segundo plano el análisisdel cumplimiento de su fin social, materializado económicamente en el gasto anualdestinado a obra social.En este contexto, la principal aportación de nuestro estudio es la obtención deevidencia empírica de la existencia de una relación de causalidad entre la creaciónde valor social de las cajas de ahorro españolas, medida por medio del estableci-miento de unratiode gasto social, y sus cambios en productividad, cuantificadosmediante el cálculo del índice de productividad de Malmquist basado en el trazadode fronteras eficientes a partir de la técnica no paramétrica del análisis envolvente dedatos (AED (Data Envelopment Analysis,DEA.Para el censo de cajas de ahorro españolas en el periodo 2003-2007, nuestrosresultados revelan que las entidades que presentan mayor productividad alcanzancotas superiores en elratiode gasto social, incluso después de controlar por medi-das tradicionales como la rentabilidad económica y el tamaño.

  19. Examples of application of tensorial resistivity probability tomography to architectonic and archaeological targets

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    D. Patella

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available We present the results of the application of the tensor resistivity method to the assessment of the state of conservation of some architectonic features of the S.Giovanni a Carbonara monumental monastery (Naples, Italy and to the recognition of buried remains in the archaeological site of the roman Port of Claudius at Fiumicino (Rome, Italy. The 3D tomographic approach, based on the concept of resistivity anomaly source occurrence probability, has been used for the analysis of the invariant parameter related to the trace of the determinant of the apparent resistivity tensor.

  20. Factores determinantes del ahorro interno en América Latina

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    Carlos Añez

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El siguiente artículo aborda el problema del financiamiento de la inversión para un país en desarrollo, específicamente de la América Latina, tratando de revisar la literatura disponible para llegar a conclusiones sobre cómo los determinantes del ahorro en todas sus versiones -ahorro externo, ahorro privado y ahorro público- ejercen influencia sobre el proceso de crecimiento. Aun cuando la dirección causal exacta entre ahorro y crecimiento no ha sido establecida, el desarrollo de políticas económicas que estimulen el ahorro interno por encima del procedente del exterior, fortalecerían la capacidad de inversión interna y, al existir una correlación positiva entre estas variables, se potencia el proceso de crecimiento aunque otras variables igualmente pueden difuminar tal efecto. Se concluye que el incremento de la relación Ahorro Interno / P. I. B. sólo puede alcanzarse a través de esfuerzos comunes entre empresas, gobierno y el sistema financiero de estas economías.

  1. Utilization of the computational technic for the promotion and diffusion of the energy conservation practice; Utilizacion de tecnicas computacionales para promocionar y difundir el ahorro de energia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kemper Valverde, N. [Laboratorio de Inteligencia Artificial, Instituto de Ingenieria, UNAM, Mexico D. F. (Mexico)

    1995-12-31

    In this paper are presented the developments obtained through the application of the new computational technologies in the diffusion and promotion tasks of energy efficient use and conservation. The most relevant aspects are described of three multimedia courses that were designed in order to increase the possibilities of offering personal training in efficient energy technic, as well as to have on hand totally open consulting and interactive tools. The courses that are described are: ``Design of Energy Conservation Programs for the Industry``, ``Energy Conservation in Combustion Equipment`` and ``Energy Cogeneration Technologies.`` On another subject, an analysis is also made of the possibilities for the development and application of expert systems that advise and give support to the work of technicians and engineers dedicated to energy conservation. The main characteristics of an expert system to give support to the energy analysis of lighting industrial systems, malls, buildings and hotels are also described. [Espanol] En este trabajo se presentan los desarrollos obtenidos por la aplicacion de las tareas de difusion y promocion del uso eficiente y ahorro de energia. Se describen los aspectos mas relevantes de tres cursos multimedia que fueron disenados con el objeto de incrementar las posibilidades de brindar capacitacion individualizada en tecnicas energeticas eficientes, asi como de contar con herramientas de consulta totalmente abiertas e interactivas. Los cursos que se describen son: ``Diseno de Programas de Ahorro de Energia en la Industria,`` ``Ahorro de Energia en Equipos de Combustion`` y ``Tecnologias de Cogeneracion de Energia.`` Por otro lado, tambien se hace un analisis de las posibilidades para el desarrollo y aplicacion de sistemas expertos que asesoren y apoyen el trabajo de tecnicos e ingenieros dedicados al ahorro de energia. Se describen las caracteristicas principales de un sistema experto disenado para brindar apoyo en analisis energeticos

  2. ABSORCIÓN DE AHORRO INTERNO POR EL GOBIERNO NACIONAL

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    Álvaro José Pedroza Campo

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El gobierno colombiano ha financiado durante los últimos cinco años el déficit fiscal en gran medida con recursos provenientes del ahorro nacional, a través de emisiones de títulos en condiciones de rentabilidad innecesariamente altas, frenando la tendencia de disminución de tasas de interés internas. Adicionalmente, la estructura institucional gubernamental a través de la cual se realiza la colocación primaria y la negociación secundaria de dichos títulos, genera una competencia desigual que desplaza a los demás agentes económicos, especialmente el sector productivo, como captadores de recursos del mercado de capitales para financiar sus negocios. Lo anterior ha ocurrido en un período caracterizado por crisis del sector financiero y recesión económica.

  3. Strategies for energy saving in warm climate dwellings; Estrategias de ahorro de energia para viviendas en clima calido

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pilatowsky, I [Centro de Investigacion en Energia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico); Ramos Niembro, Gaudencio [Comision Nacional para el Ahorro de Energia -CONAE (Mexico); Morillon, David [Instituto de Ingenieria, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico); Oskam, A. [Centro de Fisica Aplicada y Tecnologia Avanzada, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico)

    2008-04-15

    The domestic sector consumes almost one quarter of the national electrical energy. In order to reduce in an important manner the power consumption in dwellings there is an integral alternative based on three elements: the bio-climatic design, the saving and efficient use of the energy in equipment and apparatuses, and the use of centralized air conditioning systems. Besides saving the electrical and thermal power consumption, with this scheme, comfort conditions are pretended to be reached in dwellings and, contributing at the same time, to the diminution of polluting emissions. [Spanish] El sector domestico consume casi una cuarta parte de la energia electrica nacional. Con objeto de reducir de manera importante el consumo de energia en las viviendas, se presenta una alternativa integral, basada en tres elementos: el diseno bioclimatico, el ahorro y uso eficiente de la energia en equipos y aparatos, y la utilizacion de sistemas de climatizacion centralizados. Ademas del ahorro en el consumo de energia electrica y termica, con este esquema se pretende alcanzar condiciones de confort en las viviendas y, al mismo tiempo, contribuir a la disminucion de emisiones contaminantes.

  4. The Architectonics of Luna Clara e Apolo Onze: a Metalinguistic Reflection

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    Marice Fiuza Geletkanicz

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a metalinguistic reflection about the methodological process from which resulted a master's degree thesis entitled Luna Clara e Apolo Onze: a creative organization of voices. More specifically, it intends to show how, from the foundations of dialogical discourse analysis, and from a preliminary examination of the corpus, the book of Adriana Falcão entitled Luna Clara e Apolo Onze, the author of the research developed a specific way of describing the authorial architectonics of a verbal work which integrates visual resources. It intends still to consider how, in the context of the dialogic conception of language, one can propose an object of study, and a specific way of studying it by considering a phenomenon such as a book and examining it by means of concepts compatible with this object, instead of applying ready-made categories.

  5. Diferencias de género en los factores asociados al ahorro de los hogares en México

    OpenAIRE

    Isalia Nava Bolaños; Flor Brown Grossman; Lilia Domínguez Villalobos

    2014-01-01

    A diferencia de los trabajos que analizan el ahorro suponiendo un hogar unitario, esta investigación se centra en las diferencias en las decisiones de ahorro de los hogares con jefaturas femenina y masculina en México. Los resultados del modelo Tobit muestran que los factores que afectan al ahorro son distintos entre ellos. La escolaridad (primaria y secundaria) y los apoyos gubernamentales no inciden en las tasas de ahorro de las jefaturas masculinas, pero sí en las femeninas. Se confirma la...

  6. Risk control in energy saving projects; Control de riesgo en los proyectos de ahorro de energia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mills, Evan [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, CA (United States)

    2005-10-15

    Since one of the restrictive problems when investing in energy saving is the uncertainty of obtaining the planed savings, a technique in the risk handling for energy efficiency projects, called Insurance for the Energy Saving (IES) is presented. IES economically stimulates those who implement projects for energy saving so they go beyond the normal measures and really obtain significant saving levels, thus contributing to the fulfillment of national objectives in energy saving. In order to reduce the risk of low performance in energy caused by saving projects there exist the international performance measurement and the protocol of investment (IMPVP) as well as diagnoses and starting processes, whereas in order to transfer the financial risk that a saving project represents, mechanisms such as FDIC insurance, conversion of the debt in values, Saving's Guarantees, Performance Bonuses or Guarantee Bonuses and Insurances for Energy Saving can be of great help. This article deals on the IES insurance policies, their loss control management, successful cases, benefits, particular advantages, place in the market and refers argued insurance exceptions and perception surveys. [Spanish] Dado que uno de los problemas restrictivos a la hora de invertir en el ahorro de energia es la incertidumbre de obtener los ahorros proyectados, se presenta una tecnica en el manejo del riesgo para proyectos de eficiencia energetica llamada Seguro para el Ahorro de Energia (SAE). SAE estimula financieramente a quienes implementan proyectos para el ahorro de energia con el fin de que vayan mas alla de las medidas normales y consigan niveles significativos de ahorro, contribuyendo asi al cumplimiento de objetivos nacionales de ahorro energetico. Para reducir el riesgo de bajo desempeno de energia provocados por proyectos de ahorro existe la medicion del desempeno internacional y el protocolo de inversion (IMPVP) asi como diagnosticos y procesos de arranque, mientras que para transferir el

  7. Diferencias de género en los factores asociados al ahorro de los hogares en México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isalia Nava Bolaños

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A diferencia de los trabajos que analizan el ahorro suponiendo un hogar unitario, esta investigación se centra en las diferencias en las decisiones de ahorro de los hogares con jefaturas femenina y masculina en México. Los resultados del modelo Tobit muestran que los factores que afectan al ahorro son distintos entre ellos. La escolaridad (primaria y secundaria y los apoyos gubernamentales no inciden en las tasas de ahorro de las jefaturas masculinas, pero sí en las femeninas. Se confirma la asociación negativa de las horas dedicadas al trabajo doméstico con la tasa de ahorro en los hogares de jefatura femenina.

  8. Sierra Nevada serpentinites. An important element in the architectonic heritage of Granada (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro, Rafael; Pereira, Dolores; Rodríguez-Navarro, Carlos; Sebastián-Pardo, Eduardo

    2013-04-01

    Serpentinites are widely used in historic buildings in the whole world, from Ancient Greek or Egypt to more recent colonial buildings in the USA. Serpentinites from Sierra Nevada (S of Spain) have been traditionally used as ornamental elements in historic buildings of Granada city, both indoors and outdoors. The Cathedral, Carlos V Palace, Royal Chancery and some others are good examples of their use. Some other important cases can be found outside Granada, like El Escorial monastery, Las Salesas Reales convent, etc… all of them part of Madrid architectonic heritage. There are two quarries located in Sierra Nevada that supplied all the material to make the different elements in the cited buildings. In this work, a thorough characterization of the main serpentinites from Sierra Nevada, their uses, and their state of conservation in selected buildings from Granada has been performed. Samples from the main original quarry and from one historical building (Real Chancillería) have been analysed, determining the mineralogical and geochemical composition, texture, water parameters (absorption, porosity, density) and possible alteration by salt formation. It has been observed that the mineralogical and geochemical compositions are similar in both sets of samples, although the ones coming from the historical building show a highly advanced state of alteration. Regarding physical and mechanical parameters, samples from the quarry have very low water absorption values, while the porosity of serpentinites sampled from the Real Chancillería is comparatively much higher. We explain this difference as due to the weathering of the emplaced serpentinites by salt crystallization processes (mainly gypsum or epsomite), that generate strong internal pressures causing the disintegration of the whole natural stone. In addition, the increase of the porosity can be caused by dissolution processes related to the presence of acid solutions related to oxidation and hydrolysis of iron

  9. Interactive applications for energy saving; Aplicaciones interactivas para ahorro de energia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adame Gonzalez, Alejandro; Ramirez Anaya, Cesar; Gutierrez, Hector; Dominguez Ojeda, Xerxes; Aguilar Galvan, Alfredo [Ingenieria Energetica Integral S. A. de C. V., Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1998-12-31

    A series of ideas are presented that can help in the development of interactive applications for energy saving. Emphasis is made on the Fideicomiso de Apoyo al Programa de Ahorro de Energia (FIDE)`s Interactive Course on Demand Management and Power Factor Compensation, in order to demonstrate how far one can go with the multimedia development. [Espanol] Se presenta un conjunto de ideas que pueden auxiliar en la elaboracion de aplicaciones interactivas para ahorro de energia. Se hace principal enfasis sobre el curso interactivo Administracion de la Demanda y Compensacion del Factor de Potencia del Fideicomiso de Apoyo al Programa de Ahorro de Energia (FIDE) con la finalidad de mostrar hasta donde puede llegarse con un desarrollo multimedia.

  10. Instituciones microfinancieras y cajas de ahorro en Santo Tomás Hueyotlipan, Puebla

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    La exigua presencia de los intermediarios financieros formales en los municipios rurales mexicanos impulsa el uso de tandas y solicitud de dinero a prestamistas, familiares o amigos. Las cajas de ahorro constituyen una alternativa a estos métodos tradicionales y aprovechan el capital social comunitario. Esta investigación, fundamentado en una muestra realizada en el municipio de Santo Tomás Hueyotlipan (Puebla, México), analiza los factores que impulsan la participación en las cajas de ahorro...

  11. Acción Nulidad en Afiliaciones al Régimen de Ahorro Individual

    OpenAIRE

    Buriticá Atehortúa, Carlos Arturo; Ing Pensiones y Cesantías – Manizales

    2015-01-01

    Objetivo: determinar la posibilidad de la acción de nulidad de las afiliaciones al Régimen de Ahorro Individual. Metodología: este es un ensayo argumentativo que estudia con Prestación Definida al Régimen de Ahorro Individual con Solidaridad bajo los preceptos jurídicos desde la entrada en vigencia de la ley 100 de 1993 y la comparación con otros países como Argentina y Chile, y se encuentra que esta acción es posible. Conclusiones: según los argumentos en materia de proyección económica y de...

  12. Hippocampus and dentate gyrus of the Cebus monkey: architectonic and stereological study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerreiro-Diniz, Cristovam; de Melo Paz, Roberta Bentes; Hamad, Mayra Hermínia Simões; Filho, Carlos Santos; Martins, Adriano Augusto Vilhena; Neves, Heitor Bastos; de Souza Cunha, Elane Domenica; Alves, Gisele Cristina; de Sousa, Lia Amaral; Dias, Ivanira Amaral; Trévia, Nonata; de Sousa, Aline Andrade; Passos, Aline; Lins, Nara; Torres Neto, João Bento; da Costa Vasconcelos, Pedro Fernando; Picanço-Diniz, Cristovam Wanderley

    2010-10-01

    Behavioral, electrophysiological, and anatomical assays of non-human primates have provided substantial evidence that the hippocampus and dentate gyrus are essential for memory consolidation. However, a single anatomical and stereological investigation of these regions has been done in New World primates to complement those assays. The aim of the present study was to describe the cyto-, myelo-, and histochemical architecture of the hippocampus and dentate gyrus, and to use the optical fractionator method to estimate the number of neurons in the hippocampal pyramidal and granular neurons in the dentate gyrus of the Cebus monkey. NeuN immunolabeling, lectin histochemical staining with Wisteria floribunda agglutinin (WFA), enzyme-histochemical detection of NADPH-diaphorase activity and Gallyas silver staining were used to define the layers and limits of the hippocampal fields and dentate gyrus. A comparative analysis of capuchin (Cebus apella) and Rhesus (Macaca mulatta) monkeys revealed similar structural organization of these regions but significant differences in the regional distribution of neurons. C. apella were found to have 1.3 times fewer pyramidal and 3.5 times fewer granular neurons than M. mulatta. Taken together the architectonic and stereological data of the present study suggest that hippocampal and dentate gyrus neural networks in the C. apella and M. mulatta may contribute to hippocampal-dentate gyrus-dependent tasks in different proportions.

  13. Energy saving in the sugar cane agroindustry; Ahorro de energia en la agroindustria azucarera canera

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zedillo Ponce de Leon, Luis [Grupo de paises Latinoamericanos y del Caribe exportadores de azucar (Mexico)

    1996-07-01

    The traditional sugar mill is inefficient from the energy point of view. Most of the sugar mills were designed to use all the available bagasse, due to the risk of spontaneous ignition and environmental pollution. Consequently, the steam generators, the turbines and other components were designed to work with low efficiencies. Each ton of sugar produced generates a power potential equivalent to four to six oil barrels (bagasse and residues). That is to say, a sugar mill is capable of producing 500 ton/day of sugar, equivalent to an oil well of 2000 to 3000 barrels/day and one thermoelectric power plant of 15,000 kW. Under this context an analysis is made of the sugar mills in Latin America and the Caribbean as one of the ways of increasing their efficiency and obtain great energy savings. As far as steam generation the appropriate use of energy is dictated by the boilers' efficiency. [Spanish] El ingenio azucarero tradicional es ineficiente desde el punto de vista energetico. La mayoria de los ingenios azucareros se disenaron para usar todo el bagazo disponible, debido al riesgo de ignicion espontanea y contaminacion. En consecuencia, los generadores de vapor, las turbinas y demas componentes fueron disenados para trabajar con bajas eficiencias. Cada tonelada de azucar producida genera una potencialidad energetica equivalente de cuatro a seis barriles de petroleo (bagazo y residuos). Es decir, un ingenio capaz de producir 500 ton/dia de azucar equivalente a un pozo de petroleo de 2000 a 3000 barriles/dia y una termoelectrica de 15000 kW. Bajo este contexto se hace un analisis del ingenio azucarero en Latinoamerica y el Caribe como una de las vias para incrementar su eficiencia y lograr grandes ahorros en la energia. En cuanto a generacion de vapor se refiere, el buen uso de la energia viene expresado por la eficiencia de las calderas.

  14. Microfinanzas y Remesas: La Experiencia de Cooperativas de Ahorro y Crédito

    OpenAIRE

    Dave Grace

    2003-01-01

    Presentación que da a conocer el funcionamiento de la Red Internacional de Remesas - IRnet en los países de México, Honduras, Jamaica, El Salvador y Guatemala. Asimismo, brinda información acerca de las lecciones aprendidas del Consejo Mundial de Cooperativas de Ahorro y Crédito (WOCCU), así como sus futuros proyectos.

  15. "Seeing" and "feeling" architecture: how bodily self-consciousness alters architectonic experience and affects the perception of interiors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasqualini, Isabella; Llobera, Joan; Blanke, Olaf

    2013-01-01

    Over the centuries architectural theory evolved several notions of embodiment, proposing in the nineteenth and twentieth century that architectonic experience is related to physiological responses of the observer. Recent advances in the cognitive neuroscience of embodiment (or bodily self-consciousness) enable empirical studies of architectonic embodiment. Here, we investigated how architecture modulates bodily self-consciousness by adapting a video-based virtual reality (VR) setup previously used to investigate visuo-tactile mechanisms of bodily self-consciousness. While standing in two different interiors, participants were filmed from behind and watched their own virtual body online on a head-mounted display (HMD). Visuo-tactile strokes were applied in synchronous or asynchronous mode to the participants and their virtual body. Two interiors were simulated in the laboratory by placing the sidewalls either far or near from the participants, generating a large and narrow room. We tested if bodily self-consciousness was differently modulated when participants were exposed to both rooms and whether these changes depend on visuo-tactile stimulation. We measured illusory touch, self-identification, and performed length estimations. Our data show that synchronous stroking of the physical and the virtual body induces illusory touch and self-identification with the virtual body, independent of room-size. Moreover, in the narrow room we observed weak feelings of illusory touch with the sidewalls and of approaching walls. These subjective changes were complemented by a stroking-dependent modulation of length estimation only in the narrow room with participants judging the room-size more accurately during conditions of illusory self-identification. We discuss our findings and previous notions of architectonic embodiment in the context of the cognitive neuroscience of bodily self-consciousness and propose an empirical framework grounded in architecture, cognitive

  16. Seeing and feeling architecture: how bodily self-consciousness alters architectonic experience and affects the perception of interiors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabella ePasqualini

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Over the centuries architectural theory evolved several notions of embodiment, proposing in the 19th and 20th century that architectonic experience is related to physiological responses of the observer. Recent advances in the cognitive neuroscience of embodiment (or bodily self-consciousness enable empirical studies of architectonic embodiment. Here, we investigated how architecture modulates bodily self-consciousness by adapting a video-based virtual reality setup previously used to investigate visuo-tactile mechanisms of bodily self-consciousness. While standing in two different interiors, participants were filmed from behind and watched their own virtual body online on a head-mounted display. Visuo-tactile strokes were applied in synchronous or asynchronous mode to the participants and their virtual body. Two interiors were simulated in the laboratory by placing the sidewalls either far or near from the participants, generating a large and narrow room. We tested if bodily self-consciousness was differently modulated when participants were exposed to both rooms and whether these changes depend on visuo-tactile stimulation. We measured illusory touch, self-identification and performed length estimations. Our data show that synchronous stroking of the physical and the virtual body induces illusory touch and self-identification with the virtual body, independent of room-size. Moreover, in the narrow room we observed weak feelings of illusory touch with the sidewalls and of approaching walls. These subjective changes were complemented by a stroking-dependent modulation of length estimation only in the narrow room with participants judging the room-size more accurately during conditions of illusory self-identification. We discuss our findings and previous notions of architectonic embodiment in the context of the cognitive neuroscience of bodily self-consciousness and propose an empirical framework grounded in architecture, cognitive neuroscience

  17. Bio-climatic strategy for energy saving in corporative buildings. City Juarez, Chihuahua, Mexico; Estrategia bioclimatica para ahorro energetico en edificios corporativos. Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Staines Orozco, E. R.

    2008-07-01

    Ciudad Juarez Chihuahua in Mexico is located in of de biggest Desert of Arid America called Chihuahuan Desert, and is there in where this border city with United State of North America and one of the border cities of greater commercial importance (a million six hundred thousands pop. approx.) has been develop to great influence of wasteful constructive systems of nonrenewable resources as they are the gas and electricity. These building take back surpassed models. In this article presents a design of a model of corporative building of five floors that counts including all a strategy from the process of architectonic design to the applications of echo passive and active Technologies (hybrid) like one of a ventilation tower, strategy that applied guarantees the significant saving to use energy. (Author)

  18. Instituciones microfinancieras y cajas de ahorro en Santo Tomás Hueyotlipan, Puebla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristiano Raccanello

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La exigua presencia de los intermediarios financieros formales en los municipios rurales mexicanos impulsa el uso de tandas y solicitud de dinero a prestamistas, familiares o amigos. Las cajas de ahorro constituyen una alternativa a estos métodos tradicionales y aprovechan el capital social comunitario. Esta investigación, fundamentado en una muestra realizada en el municipio de Santo Tomás Hueyotlipan (Puebla, México, analiza los factores que impulsan la participación en las cajas de ahorro informales y su interacción con otros intermediarios financieros informales. Los resultados del modelo probit indican que la participación responde a la posibilidad de poder ahorrar atrayendo a aquellos individuos que no utilizan tandas, prestamistas o deudas con familiares o amigos.

  19. La reforma del sistema financiero: cajas de ahorros.- (Años 2011-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octavio Vázquez Sotelo

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo forma parte del libro “La dimensión social de las Cajas de Ahorro: España y Galicia”, publicado por la Editorial Académica Española, del cual soy autor.A través de la legislación promulgada en los años 2010, 2011 y 2012, se analiza la estrategia de privatización de las Cajas de Ahorro seguida por los gobiernos de turno que, en la mayor parte de los casos, ha supuesto la entrega de las mismas a precios irrisorios a su tradicionales competidores: la gran Banca.. Ello ha comportado la desfiguración o, incluso, la desaparición del rasgo más distintivo de aquellas: la Obra Social.

  20. El efecto del alfabetismo financiero en el ahorro para el retiro en México.

    OpenAIRE

    F. Alejandro Villagómez; Alayn González

    2014-01-01

    En este trabajo analizamos si es posible incrementar el ahorro para el retiro por medio de alfabetismo financiero en México. Con información de la Encuesta Nacional de los Niveles de Vida de los Hogares 2005 (ENNVIH-2) construimos un índice de alfabetizo financiero siguiendo la metodología propuesta por Atkinson y Messy (2012) que considera tres factores: conocimiento, actitudes y comportamiento financiero. Nuestros resultados sugieren que el alfabetismo financiero tiene un impacto positivo e...

  1. México: la economía de los sectores institucionales, distribución del ingreso, ahorro y crecimiento

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto Michel Padilla

    2003-01-01

    A partir del análisis de las cuentas nacionales de México por sector institucional se descubre una relación de sustitución perfecta entre el ahorro externo y el ahorro interno. Cambios en la disponibilidad de ahorro externo generan, mediante diferentes mecanismos, variaciones en el mismo sentido en la participación de los salarios y los dividendos en el producto y en sus propensiones al consumo; y en sentido opuesto en el ahorro interno de las empresas. La relación de causalidad es clara; a m...

  2. Potential of bioclimatic architecture for energy saving in buildings; Potencial de la arquitectura bioclimatica para ahorro de energia en edificios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Chavez, Jose Roberto [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Azcapotzalco, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1994-12-31

    The design and construction of current buildings has been characterized, most of all, in the last 30 years, for the lack of consideration in the design process of aspects that nowadays represent a fundamental importance. These aspects are related to energy conservation and environmental protection, with man as the main center of attention for the optimum satisfaction of its physiological as well as psychological needs. In this paper are presented the causes for the lack of consideration of the mentioned aspects and guidelines to follow are set forth for their integration in the design process. Also the architecture potential with a bioclimatic approach is analyzed, for energy saving in buildings. [Espanol] El diseno y construccion de edificios contemporaneos se ha caracterizado, sobre todo en los ultimos treinta anos, por la falta de consideracion en el proceso de diseno, de aspectos que hoy en dia revisten una importancia primordial. Estos aspectos se relacionan con la preservacion de la energia y del medio ambiente, teniendo al hombre como principal centro de atencion, para la satisfaccion optima de sus necesidades, tanto fisiologicas como psicologicas. En este trabajo, se presentan las causas de la falta de consideracion de los aspectos antes citados y se plantean las pautas a seguir para su integracion en el proceso de diseno. Asi mismo, se analiza el potencial de la arquitectura con un enfoque bioclimatico, para ahorro de energia en los edificios.

  3. White Macael marble: a key element in the architectonic heritage of Andalusia for over 25 centuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro, Rafael; Sol Cruz, Ana; Arriaga, Lourdes; Baltuille, José Manuel

    2013-04-01

    Marble from Macael (Andalusia) is one of the most important natural stones in the architectonic heritage of Andalusia; in particular the variety commercially known as "White Macael". This natural stone has been used outdoors as well as indoors for decorative, ornamental or structural purposes. During the 7th century (B.C.) the Phoenicians began to systematically extract these quarries to be used in their more social important elements such as sarcophagus. During the Roman period this rock had a greater importance in construction; we find columns, pavements, tombstones… in many historical buildings such as the Roman amphitheatre in Mérida (1st century B.C.) and the city of Itálica in Seville (3rd century B.C.). But it is during the Muslim period when marble from Macael is more widely used: the Mosque of Córdoba (8th century), the Lions Court in the Alhambra palace, the Alcazaba in Almería, the Medina-Azahara palace in Córdoba (10th century). Other important buildings using the white marble are: Carlos V palace or the Royal Chapel in Granada (15th century), the Almería cathedral or El Escorial monastery in Madrid (16th century), San Telmo palace in Seville (17th century) or The Royal Palace in Madrid (18th century). Uncountable number of buildings, both historical and contemporary, show different elements made of this marble. From a geological point of view, the quarries are located in the upper part of the Nevado-Filábride Complex, the lowest nappe of the Internal Zones of the Betic Chains. Under the "White Macael" name is also possible to include another commercial denominations such "White Macael Río" or "White Macael Río Veteado". It is a clear white coloured, calcitic marble (up than 97% calcite), with average grain size between 0,16 y 3,2 mm in a mosaic texture with a very homogenous aspect. Regarding the main physical and mechanical properties, this rock has an open porosity value between 0,1-0,6%, bulk density 2,50-2,75 g/cm3, water absorption at

  4. [The architectonics of the left heart ventricle and the characteristics of the blood flow in a postinfarct aneurysm].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roeva, L A; Chubarova, E Ia

    1998-01-01

    The paper analyzes left ventricular structure-fraction relationships in the development of postinfarct aneurysm. The altered internal architectonics induces to systemic hemodynamic changes, drastically elevated intraventricular pressure. This is caused by to the dysfunction of the papillary-trabecular complex in the left ventricular cavity, which in turn. This leads to the fact that the heart work as a positive-displacement pump, by losing its capacity as a centrifugal component, by making the myocardium require additional energy expenditures, which in turn appears as varying heart failure. This investigation is of definite practical value in developing adequate correction methods for postinfarct aneurysm which can occur with the retained or formed certain ratios of cardiac structures.

  5. Nissan Mexicana. First place in national prize of electrical energy saving 1998; Nissan Mexicana. Primer lugar en premio nacional de ahorro de energia electrica 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzalez S, Enrique [Nissan Mexicana, S.A. de C.V., Planta Civac, Cuernavaca, Mor. (Mexico)

    1999-07-01

    For Plant CIVAC of Nissan Mexicana, the energy saving began in the year of 1990. From then, different programs have been developed using different strategies for energy saving until arriving at the Benchmarking with other Plants of Japan, which represents a new challenge, since it opened up an area of opportunity of saving in processes that generally were known in detail as far as to its main function (to make vehicles with quality, cost and opportunity of delivery), but the parameter of energy consumption of by unit and its benefits in relation to the cost was unknown. This was endorsed by the high Direction and began with the optimization of training for the operation of each equipment with the involvement of the user (Production), the engineering area (that establishes the process) and the maintenance area. We designed a general program where the basic activities were included, such as the general and special activities. Each one of them fulfilled its objective, but the special activities took us to the optimization of the processes, finding excess of energy in the design conditions. [Spanish] Para Planta CIVAC de Nissan Mexicana, el ahorro de energia se inicio en el ano de 1990. A partir de entonces se han desarrollado programas de ahorro de energia usando estrategias diferentes hasta llegar al Benchmarking con otras Plantas de Japon, el cual representa un reto nuevo, ya que puso al descubierto una area de oportunidad de ahorro en los procesos que por lo general se conocian a detalle en cuanto a la funcion principal (hacer vehiculos con calidad, costo y oportunidad de entrega), pero se desconocia el parametro de consumo de energia por unidad y sus beneficios en relacion con el costo. Esto fue avalado por la alta Direccion y se inicio con la capacitacion de la optimizacion de la operacion de cada equipo y se involucro al usuario (Produccion), al area de ingenieria (que establece el proceso) y al area de mantenimiento. Elaboramos un programa general donde se

  6. Electric energy saving in the cellulose and paper industry; Ahorro de energia electrica en la industria de celulosa y papel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-12-31

    This paper delineates the results of the demonstration project for electric energy saving, which is one of the twenty four projects in which the Fideicomiso de Apoyo al Programa de Ahorro de Energia (FIDE) sponsors the diagnosis as well as the applied measures and the measures currently in application. Also the potential opportunity areas and the measures applied and in course of application, as well as the required investments and their recuperation periods. [Espanol] En este trabajo se describen los resultados del proyecto de demostracion de ahorro de energia electrica que es uno de los veinticuatro proyectos, en los que el Fideicomiso de Apoyo al Programa de Ahorro de Energia (FIDE) financia tanto el diagnostico como la aplicacion de medidas. Se presentan tanto las areas de oportunidad, potenciales y medidas aplicadas y en aplicacion, asi como las inversiones requeridas y los periodos de recuperacion de las mismas.

  7. Estructura del hogar y ahorro durante el ciclo de vida: Evidencia de las cohortes peruanas

    OpenAIRE

    Valdivia, Martín; Saavedra, Jaime

    2003-01-01

    Los cambios demográficos que ocurren en el Perú y en el resto de países en desarrollo tienen implicancias potenciales sobre un conjunto de sectores, en particular sobre el sistema de seguridad social para la vejez. La naturaleza de los efectos, sin embargo, depende del comportamiento de los individuos, y sus hogares, a lo largo del ciclo de vida; por ejemplo, en lo concerniente a sus decisiones laborales (momento de retiro) y de ahorro, las que a su vez están relacionadas con los arreglos int...

  8. Prospectiva del Programa de Ahorro Sistemático Integral en Mexicali, Baja California, México

    OpenAIRE

    José A. Suástegui Macías; Carlos Pérez Tello; H. Enrique Campbell; Hernán D. Magaña Almaguer

    2013-01-01

    El propósito de este trabajo es brindar información actualizada que permita elaborar una prospectiva del programa impulsado por el gobierno federal mexicano bajo el nombre de Programa de Ahorro Sistemático Integral (ASI) para el ahorro y uso eficiente de energía en el sector vivienda de Mexicali, Baja California. El presente estudio se realiza utilizando datos históricos del programa desde 1990 a la fecha e históricos de consumo de usuarios del servicio eléctrico. Se analiza la evolución del ...

  9. Energy saving in agricultural pumping equipment; Ahorro de energia en equipos de bombeo agricola

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Acosta Torres, R. Aracely [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)

    1993-12-31

    This paper analyses the current state of the pumping equipment for agricultural irrigation in Mexico. Because of being of the vertical centrifugal turbine type pumps, the most commonly utilized for this service, the study has been focussed into this equipment, obtaining efficiency and consumption scenarios, as well as the potential energy saving existing in this sector. [Espanol] En el presente articulo se analiza el estado actual de los equipos de bombeo para riego agricola en Mexico, al ser las bombas centrifugas verticales tipo turbina, las mas comunmente utilizadas para este servicio, el estudio ha sido enfocado a estos equipos, obteniendose los escenarios de eficiencias y consumos, asi como, el potencial de ahorro energetico existente en este sector.

  10. Energy conservation in ice manufacturing; Ahorro de energia en la fabricacion de hielo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-12-31

    This paper shows the results of the energy diagnosis study for ice manufacturing industries. The identified opportunities for conservation and efficient use of energy have allowed the reduction of the electric bill, modernizing at the same time, its installations and addressing inherent aspects of the use of energy producing items; in which the estimated investments are recovered in its major part in a period of a year, the goodness of the investments propitiate the growth and competitiveness required in these days. [Espanol] En este documento se exponen los resultados del estudio del diagnostico energetico para industrias productoras de hielo. Las oportunidades de ahorro y uso eficiente de energia identificadas, han permitido reducir la facturacion energetica, a la par de modernizar sus instalaciones y atender aspectos inherentes al uso de energeticos; en lo cual las inversiones estimadas se recuperan en su mayoria en un ano, las bondades de las inversiones propician un crecimiento y competitividad requerida en estos dias.

  11. Carbon Bonds and the saving of energy; Bonos de carbono y el ahorro de energia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alvarez Ramirez, Alejandro [NovaEnergia (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    This document deals with the development of the carbon bond project, the energy saving and the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol at a world-wide level. In this project Mexico opts for a development model in which the economic growth brakes ties with the discharge of greenhouse effect gases and in which the progress does not mean more damages to our planet. [Spanish] Este documento trata sobre el desarrollo del proyecto de bonos de carbono, ahorro de energia y la entrada en vigor del Protocolo de Kyoto a nivel mundial, en el cual Mexico opta por un modelo de desarrollo en el que el crecimiento economico esta desvinculado de la emision de gases de efecto invernadero y en donde el progreso no signifique mas danos a nuestro planeta.

  12. Compact fluorescent lamps, innovation for electricity saving; Lamparas fluorescentes compactas, innovacion para el ahorro de electricidad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivera, Fernando [Fideicomiso para el Ahorro de Energia Electrica (Mexico); Camacho P, Wendolin E; Villalobos Alarcon, German [Phillips Lighting Mexico (Mexico)

    2007-01-15

    An extremely important resource is electricity because it has provided illumination for homes, buildings and cities in the absence of natural light. Therefore, the human being is considering to save this valuable resource by using sophisticated light bulbs. At the end of the 70's the compact fluorescent lamps appeared. In this article we can disclose the advantages and disadvantages of this technology, and how some years later of its invention, those lamps satisfied the client expectations, due to its cost, electricity saving, longer lifetime, use possibilities, and technological improvements. We can also know how Federal Electricity Commission (CFE) and The Trust Fund for Electric Energy Savings (FIDE) supported a project to favor these lamps to be in the Mexican market. [Spanish] La electricidad es un recurso de suma importancia porque ha contribuido a la iluminacion de casas, edificios y ciudades, ante la ausencia de luz natural, es por ello que se ha buscado ahorrar este recurso tan preciado con el uso de lamparas sofisticadas. Una tecnologia que aparecio a finales de los anos 70 fueron las lamparas fluorescentes compactas. En este articulo encontramos sus ventajas y desventajas, y como despues de algunos anos de su creacion comenzaron a llenar las expectativas del cliente gracias a su costo, ahorro de electricidad, mayor tiempo de vida, posibilidades de aplicacion y mejoras tecnologicas. Asi mismo podemos conocer, el proyecto que se hizo para que esta tecnologia entrara al mercado mexicano, con el apoyo de la Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) y del Fideicomiso para el Ahorro de Energia Electrica (FIDE).

  13. Energy saving and efficiency in building; Ahorro de energia y eficiencia en edificios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez Sanchez, Maria M. [Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Merida, Yucatan (Mexico); Pacheco Aguilar, Francisco [Comision Federal de Electricidad, (Mexico)

    2000-07-01

    High energy consumption is one of the serious problems in the world today. Newly, this question has taken on not only economic, but also social and ecological importance. In order to reduce the amount of fossil energy, energy diagnosis are one of the most useful tools for increasing the energy efficiency in buildings. In the Faculty of Engineering, dependency of the Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Mexico a program of energy diagnosis was developed under an ongoing project entitled energy savings program, which begun in 1996. This paper describes a methodology about diagnosis building energy consumption building shell and energy efficiency in a case study. No doubt future developments are likely to lead to changes in the estimates. We hope that, nevertheless, this study will contribute to increased energy efficiency in this Faculty. [Spanish] En el mundo actual, uno de los problemas mas serios que se tienen es el elevado consumo de energia, que no solamente representa un problema economico sino que tambien abarca aspectos de indole social y ecologica. Con el fin de reducir el alto costo de la energia fosil, el diagnostico de energia es una de las herramientas mas poderosas para promover la eficiencia de los edificios. En la Facultad de Ingenieria, dependencia de la Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Mexico se esta llevando a efecto un diagnostico energetico perteneciente al programa de ahorros de energia que comenzo en el ano de 1996. En este estudio se describe una metodologia de diagnostico de ahorro energetico y eficiencia energetica de la envolvente termica en un estudio del caso, aplicado a los edificios de la Facultad de Ingenieria (FIUADY).

  14. Saving of electrical energy in educative institutions; Ahorro de energia electrica en instituciones educativas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castillo Medina, Gabino [Instituto Tecnologico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey Campus Estado de Mexico, (Mexico)

    2003-07-01

    The present work looks for integrating the actions of energy saving that can be applied in educative institutions, not concerning the level or size of the same ones. The actions go from questions of making aware the student population until those involved in the change in the operation, migration and implementation of technology. Without overlooking the formative aspect that the educative institutions have and the social commitment of these last ones. It is important that the saving measures have as mission to achieve a culture focussed to make efficient use of the resources, of energy as well as material. This culture must be born from the classrooms and must transform the way to be and act of the student community that will permeate itself with the society. Let us remember that actions are worth more than words, so the educative institutions must preach with the example. [Spanish] El presente trabajo busca integrar las acciones de ahorro de energia que pueden ser aplicadas en instituciones educativas, no importando el nivel o tamano de las mismas. Las acciones van desde cuestiones de concienciar a la poblacion estudiantil hasta las que involucran el cambio en la operacion, migracion e implementacion de tecnologia. Sin perder de vista el aspecto formativo que tienen las instituciones educativas y el compromiso social de estas ultimas. Es importante que las medidas de ahorro tengan como mision lograr una cultura enfocada a hacer uso eficiente de los recursos, tanto energeticos como materiales. Dicha cultura debe nacer desde las aulas y debe transformar la manera de ser y actuar, de la comunidad estudiantil que se permeara con la sociedad. Recordemos que las acciones valen mas que las palabras, asi que las instituciones educativas deben predicar con el ejemplo.

  15. Cognitive study and upgrading of the 20th century architectonic heritage: experiences and methodologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Ascione

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available One component of the heritage of publicly funded property developments put up since the Second World War is residential districts designed by leading architects in which upgrading has to take into account considerations of safeguarding. The raising of the threshold from 50 to 70 years before safeguarding norms come into effect means that local authorities and management companies have sole responsibility for the modification and safeguarding of this heritage. This paper looks at some examples of 20th century housing estates designated for upgrading in order to highlight the specific strategies adopted, selected from a range of actions based on the need for accurate knowledge and collective agreement by all the parties involved right from the design phase.

  16. México: la economía de los sectores institucionales, distribución del ingreso, ahorro y crecimiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Michel Padilla

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir del análisis de las cuentas nacionales de México por sector institucional se descubre una relación de sustitución perfecta entre el ahorro externo y el ahorro interno. Cambios en la disponibilidad de ahorro externo generan, mediante diferentes mecanismos, variaciones en el mismo sentido en la participación de los salarios y los dividendos en el producto y en sus propensiones al consumo; y en sentido opuesto en el ahorro interno de las empresas. La relación de causalidad es clara; a mayor disponibilidad de ahorro externo mayor ingreso de los hogares y mayor consumo, no al revés. Mediante una reformulación del modelo de N. Kaldor, (1955, para incluir el ahorro externo y diferenciando las ganancias entre dividendos y ganancias retenidas, se formalizan y estiman, econométricamente, las relaciones entre los coeficientes de inversión, ahorro externo y dividendos por un lado y la distribución del ingreso entre salarios y ganancias por otro. Se resalta la importancia estratégica que la conducta económica de los dirigentes empresariales, manifiesta en las decisiones de inversión y en la propensión a distribuir las ganancias , ejerce sobre el crecimiento económico la distribución del ingreso, el consumo, el ahorro y la balanza de pagos. Hasta hoy, México se ha endeudado con el exterior para aumentar su consumo no para ampliar su planta productiva.

  17. Georadar Techniques in the historical and architectonical field: the case study of the sanctuary of Madonna in Campagna in Guanzate (CO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleg Zastrow

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available The artistic and architectonic heritage on the Italian territory is huge. The uniqueness of the goods, their variety and the historical mean are often related to their age and to the environment in which their are located. From this point of view, both historical and architectonic and archeological studies, especially involving churches and religious buildings in general are often aimed at evaluating the architectonic development of the buildings during the centuries, looking for pieces or elements of the previous buildings or part of their structure (floor, graves, walls, etc.. To support historical considerations, could be indispensable to investigate the "dark side" of a building, i.e. to detect the occurrance of caves, underground archeological elements or structures like wall foundations. The Georadar or GPR (Ground Penetrating Radar system is the most advanced non-invasive technique aimed at searching underground elements and structures, and it can be widely used in the historical and archeological field. This technique allows to get detailed plans including information about the location, depth and size of the objects, goods or rests of them, making it possible, crossing information coming from the existing plans and the historical, historiographic and archivistic data, to rebuild plans of already forgotten buried structures, helping experts to rearrange the oldest events of Madonna in Campagna in Guanzate is presented, and these techniques have allowed supporting very complex hypotheses about the modifications of the religious building during the centuries; theories which up to now didn't have enough support from the available historical documentation.

  18. The Historical Foundations. Historical Architectural Treaty How Information Source of the Architectonic Heritage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Da Casa

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In order to address architectural heritage conservation, we must be familiar with the medium with which we will be working, its function and response to incidents or external actions (natural or anthropogenic and how the buildings were conceived and constructed in order to understand how they will be affected by the intervention process to which they will be subjected and adopt the adequate measures so these processes will not harm the buildings. An important element is the foundation. This is a fundamental, yet often forgotten, element. It is important to know the history of the foundations, how and why they were constructed and for this, it is essential to study architectural treatises as the origin of their design. It is surprising to read classical architecture treatises and observe that they do not refer to calculations of dimensions, but to constructive solutions that today may seem clever because they are obvious, but in reality, they do not address the thoughts of the designer or builder. The historic architectural treatises on construction that significantly influenced Spanish construction, which we studied and will present in this article, include Vitruvius and Palladio as well as the developments in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and even into the first half of the twentieth century: (Vitruvius (1st century BC, Palladio (1524, Alberti (1582, Cristóbal de Rojas (1598, Fray Laurencio San Nicolás (1639, Brizguz y Bru (1738, Rieger (1763, Fornes y Gurrea (1841, Espinosa (1859, Marcos y Bausá (1879, Ger y Lobez (1898 and Barberot (1927.

  19. Project of energy saving in compressed air; Proyecto de ahorro de energia en aire comprimido

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Automatizacion, Productividad y Calidad S.A. de C.V. Puebla, (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    The objective of this project is to reduce the operation costs by means of the energy saving through the use of the compressed air system. For this purpose the solenoid valves controlled per time and the manually acted valves of sphere must be replaced by pneumatic purges that remove from the system the condensed humidity without discharging air and which act automatically when the water reaches the level of unloading in its deposit. The pressure level is the reduction of the operation rank of pressure in the compressors, satisfying the operation requirements of the process equipment. [Spanish] El objetivo de este proyecto es reducir el costo de operacion mediante el ahorro de energia en la utilizacion del sistema de aire comprimido. Para ello se tienen que remplazar las valvulas solenoides controladas por tiempo y valvulas de esfera actuadas manualmente por purgas neumaticas que remueven del sistema la humedad condensada sin descargar aire y que actuan en forma automatica al alcanzar el agua el nivel de descarga en su deposito. El nivel de presion es la reduccion del rango de operacion de presion de los compresores, satisfaciendo los requerimientos de operacion de los equipos de proceso.

  20. Potential of energy saving with photovoltaic systems; Potencialidad de ahorro de energia con sistemas fotovoltaicos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guzman S, Eusebio; Bratu S, Neagu [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1998-12-31

    This paper presents an approach on the application of photovoltaic systems in energy saving. The problem of the electric energy demand in the coming years is analyzed and its consequences on the environment and on the energy reserves of conventional sources. A model of the electric circuit equivalent to a photovoltaic cell illustrates the behavior of the photovoltaic cell in function of the climatological conditions. The former in order to show some of the limiting factors in this type of generator. Also, the evolution of the applications of the photovoltaic systems and its forecasting in the installed capacity in the next 20 years, is described. [Espanol] En este trabajo se presenta un enfoque de la aplicacion de los sistemas fotovoltaicos en el ahorro de energia. Se plantea el problema del crecimiento de la demanda energetica en los proximos anos y sus consecuencias sobre el medio ambiente y las reservas de energia por fuentes convencionales. Un modelo del circuito electrico equivalente de una celda fotovoltaica ilustra el comportamiento del generador fotovoltaico en funcion de las condiciones climatologicas. Lo anterior con el fin de mostrar algunas limitantes de este tipo de generador. Tambien se describe la evolucion de las aplicaciones de los sistemas fotovoltaicos y el pronostico de la potencia instalada en los proximos 20 anos.

  1. Cálculo del ahorro de energía por menor fricción

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Albarracín Aguillón

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se expone como disminuir costos de operación (menor consumo de energía, costos de mantenimiento y pérdidas de producción de equipos, mediante el control de los diferentes fenómenos de la fricción en mecanismos lubricados. Para hacer esto posible es necesario conocer las condiciones criticas de trabajo de los mismos, a que tipo de lubricación corresponden, y que clase lubricante requiere, para así calcular los valores de los coeficientes de fricción de los lubricantes que se están empleando y compararlos con los de otros lubricantes que pueden dar lugar a ahorros de energía y mantenimiento. Además se presentan algunos ejemplos tomados de casos reales, que confirman que con una buena implementación de un programa de tribologia se obtienen resultados satisfactorios desde el punto de vista económico.

  2. Ahorro energético mediante estrategias de iluminación natural optimizadas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puigdomènech Franquesa, Joan

    1986-04-01

    Full Text Available Electrical charges in buildings and specially in those of commercial use, can be diminished by means of natural lighting strategies. Taking the climate features of our country into consideration, it is necessary to prevent the inconveniences caused by an en erg y excess in summer, so solar Controls are needed. The only practical way to achieve the suitable balance between thermal and light needs, so as to get a monthly or annual energetic balance optimization, is to operate with the computer. A programme with such characteristics is described here. Its application gives important sarings in non renouvable energy savings.Mediante estrategias de iluminación natural es posible disminuir las cargas eléctricas de los edificios y en especial los de uso comercial. Dadas las características climáticas de nuestro país es necesario prever los inconvenientes de un exceso de energía en verano, para lo cual es preciso disponer de controles solares. Encontrar el correcto equilibrio entre las necesidades térmicas y lumínicas en base a la optimización del balance energético mensual o anual es únicamente factible mediante el uso del ordenador. Un programa que responde a estas características es descrito en el presente trabajo, obteniéndose con su aplicación importantes ahorros en el consumo de energías no renovables.

  3. Energy saving in buildings through the elimination of typical problems; Ahorro de energia electrica en edificios a traves de la eliminacion de problemas tipicos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramirez Rivero, Alex G. [Genertek, S. A. de C. V., Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1993-12-31

    The enormous electric energy consumption in buildings represents an important area of saving opportunities. The design of installations without advanced technical illumination criteria, the absence of standardization over energy efficiency, the lack of observation of the existing standards and guides, the continuous load growth in existing installations and the lack of appropriate maintenance, are some of the causes of the inefficient use of electric energy in buildings. Although the problems, and consequently the solutions, are exclusive for each unit, some of the former are frequently repeated. In this paper the problems found along more than 40 audits conducted in large buildings of different types in Mexico city are commented. [Espanol] El enorme consumo de energia electrica en edificios representa una importante area de oportunidad para ahorro. El diseno de instalaciones sin criterios luminotecnicos avanzados, la ausencia de normalizacion sobre eficiencia energetica, la falta de observancia de las normas y recomendaciones vigentes, el continuo crecimiento de carga en instalaciones existentes y la falta de mantenimiento adecuado son algunas de las causas del uso ineficiente de la energia electrica en inmuebles. Aunque los problemas y por tanto las soluciones son particulares para cada unidad, algunos de los primeros se repiten frecuentemente. En este trabajo se comentan los problemas encontrados a lo largo de mas de 40 auditorias realizadas a inmuebles grandes de diversos tipos en la ciudad de Mexico.

  4. Una aproximación al análisis financiero de las cajas de ahorros andaluzas mediante el método multicriterio PROMETHEE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asunción Zapata Reina.

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se hace un análisis económico y financiero de las cajas de ahorros andaluzas. Se abordan los diferentes aspectos (estructura patrimonial, estructura de costes, rentabilidad, productividad y solvencia de las seis cajas que configuran el sistema andaluz de cajas de ahorros, agrupadas en la confederación andaluza de cajas de ahorros, por medio de un conjunto de ratios. El gran número y la diversidad de ratios disponibles en el problema, generalmente en conflictos unos con otros, confiere a éste una dimensión multicriterio que analizamos con el método PROMETHEE. Procedimiento que permite sintetizar la información disponible sobre el conjunto estudiado.

  5. Experiences of energy saving and co-generation projects; Experiencias de proyectos de ahorro de energia y cogeneracion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alvarez Barajas, Alberto [Heat and Power Systems, S.A. de C.V., Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    In this document are presented the successful projects of energy saving and co-generation that Heat and Power Systems, S.A. de C.V. has made in diverse industries. The investment recovery periods have been smaller to 18 months. The projects have been made for different companies within Mexican Republic. [Spanish] Se presentan los casos exitosos de proyectos de ahorro de energia y cogeneracion que Heat and Power Systems, S.A. de C.V. ha realizado en diversas industrias cuyo periodo de recuperacion de la inversion han sido menores a 18 meses. Los proyectos han sido realizados para distintas empresas dentro de la Republica Mexicana.

  6. La Percepción Emocional del Dinero como Determinante de un Comportamiento de Ahorro o Endeudamiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª Carmen Lozano Gutierrez

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se realiza un análisis de afinidades en la percepción del dinero para las personas que ahorran o se endeudan, con la finalidad de establecer las consecuencias que en el comportamiento económico propio de cada grupo tienen las valoraciones subjetivas en relación al dinero. Las conclusiones a las que llegamos podrían servir para el desarrollo de estrategias de promoción del ahorro y contención del endeudamiento.

  7. La Percepción Emocional del Dinero como Determinante de un Comportamiento de Ahorro o Endeudamiento

    OpenAIRE

    Mª Carmen Lozano Gutierrez; Federico Fuentes Martín

    2007-01-01

    En el presente artículo se realiza un análisis de afinidades en la percepción del dinero para las personas que ahorran o se endeudan, con la finalidad de establecer las consecuencias que en el comportamiento económico propio de cada grupo tienen las valoraciones subjetivas en relación al dinero. Las conclusiones a las que llegamos podrían servir para el desarrollo de estrategias de promoción del ahorro y contención del endeudamiento.

  8. Determinantes del isomorfismo institucional de las sociedades cooperativas de ahorro y préstamos en México

    OpenAIRE

    Graciela LARA GÓMEZ; Felipe A. Pérez Sosa

    2015-01-01

    El propósito del presente trabajo es establecer si las sociedades cooperativas de ahorro y préstamo se hacen isomorfas a la banca formal en México; debido a que tales entidades tradicionalmente han operado en un entorno de informalidad, pero últimamente han transitado hacia la formalización como consecuencia de las exigencias legales impuestas por entidades regulatorias. Para este fin, el presente estudio se llevó a cabo con una orientación metodológica mixta, en la que los resultados obtenid...

  9. Modelo de gestión del riesgo crediticio en la cooperativa de ahorro y crédito Mirachina

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    1. Introducción. --2. Planteamiento de la Propuesta de Trabajo. --3. Marco Teórico. --4. Metodología. --5. Resultados La presente investigación tiene como objeto desarrollar un modelo de gestión del riesgo de crédito en la Cooperativa de Ahorro y Crédito Mirachina, para disminuir el índice de morosidad e incrementar los niveles de liquidez, alcanzando los parámetros exigidos por la entidad de control. Con esta mejora se reducirá a un dígito el riesgo de morosidad, mediante la aplicación de...

  10. Daylight-saving time: Consumption and demand saving and pollutants emission reduction; El cambio de horario de verano: Ahorros en consumo y demanda, y reduccion de contaminantes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramos, Gaudencio; Diaz, Rodrigo; Fiscal, Raul; Alquicira, Claudia; Martinez, Serafin; Maqueda, Martin [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)

    1997-12-31

    This paper presents some of the saving obtained in demand and in fuels with the daylight-saving time, as well as the main aspects considered to make an evaluation of it. [Espanol] Se presentan los ahorros obtenidos en consumo, demanda y combustibles con el cambio de horario de verano, asi como los principales aspectos considerados para efectuar la evaluacion de los mismos.

  11. Energy saving in illumination using sensorial presence devices; Ahorro de energia en iluminacion utilizando sensores de presencia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cortes Eslava, Alejandro [Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico)

    2001-03-01

    This is an analysis and evaluation of electrical energy saving that a system of illumination controlled by presence sensors provides in an enclosure with low transit within the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM) that is one of the libraries of the Institute of Anthropological Investigations. The data on which the analysis is sustained and the results deducted come from a time counter located at the site. [Spanish] Este es un analisis y evaluacion de los ahorros de energia electrica que suministra un sistema de iluminacion controlado por sensores de presencia en un recinto con bajo transito dentro de la Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM) que es una de las bibliotecas del Instituto de Investigaciones Antropologicas. Los datos de donde se sustenta el analisis y se deducen los resultados provienen de un contador de tiempo de uso localizado en el sitio.

  12. GIS-based landscape design research: Stourhead landscape garden as a case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steffen Nijhuis

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Landscape design research is important for cultivating spatial intelligence in landscape architecture. This study explores GIS (geographic information systems as a tool for landscape design research - investigating landscape designs to understand them as architectonic compositions (architectonic plan analysis. The concept ‘composition’ refers to a conceivable arrangement, an architectural expression of a mental construct that is legible and open to interpretation. Landscape architectonic compositions and their representations embody a great wealth of design knowledge as objects of our material culture and reflect the possible treatment of the ground, space, image and program as a characteristic coherence. By exploring landscape architectonic compositions with GIS, design researchers can acquire design knowledge that can be used in the creation and refinement of a design. The research aims to identify and illustrate the potential role of GIS as a tool in landscape design research, so as to provide insight into the possibilities and limitations of using GIS in this capacity. The critical, information-oriented case of Stourhead landscape garden (Wiltshire, UK, an example of a designed landscape that covers the scope and remit of landscape architecture design, forms the heart of the study. The exploration of Stourhead by means of GIS can be understood as a plausibility probe. Here the case study is considered a form of ‘quasi-experiment’, testing the hypothesis and generating a learning process that constitutes a prerequisite for advanced understanding, while using an adjusted version of the framework for landscape design analysis by Steenbergen and Reh (2003. This is a theoretically informed analytical method based on the formal interpretation of the landscape architectonic composition addressing four landscape architectonic categories: the basic, the spatial, the symbolic and the programmatic form. This study includes new aspects to be

  13. Long-Term (Six Years) Clinical Outcome Discrimination of Patients in the Vegetative State Could be Achieved Based on the Operational Architectonics EEG Analysis: A Pilot Feasibility Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fingelkurts, Andrew A.; Fingelkurts, Alexander A.; Bagnato, Sergio; Boccagni, Cristina; Galardi, Giuseppe

    2016-01-01

    Electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings are increasingly used to evaluate patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) or assess their prognosis outcome in the short-term perspective. However, there is a lack of information concerning the effectiveness of EEG in classifying long-term (many years) outcome in chronic DOC patients. Here we tested whether EEG operational architectonics parameters (geared towards consciousness phenomenon detection rather than neurophysiological processes) could be useful for distinguishing a very long-term (6 years) clinical outcome of DOC patients whose EEGs were registered within 3 months post-injury. The obtained results suggest that EEG recorded at third month after sustaining brain damage, may contain useful information on the long-term outcome of patients in vegetative state: it could discriminate patients who remain in a persistent vegetative state from patients who reach a minimally conscious state or even recover a full consciousness in a long-term perspective (6 years) post-injury. These findings, if confirmed in further studies, may be pivotal for long-term planning of clinical care, rehabilitative programs, medical-legal decisions concerning the patients, and policy makers. PMID:27347266

  14. Electric energy saving and its impact in the mining industry; El ahorro de energia electrica y su impacto en la industria minera

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Urteaga Dufour, Jose Antonio [Fideicomiso de Apoyo al Programa de Ahorro de Energia del Sector Electrico (FIDE), Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1993-12-31

    In this paper are shown the most important results of the energy diagnosis performed in some representative industries of the mining industry, where opportunity areas were detected in electric energy saving, starting from those measures that do not require investment up to the ones that require medium investment, recoverable in less than two years terms as a maximum and with electric energy saving ranging from 10% to 25%. [Espanol] En este trabajo, se presentan los resultados mas importantes, obtenidos en el diagnostico energetico realizado en algunas empresas representativas de la rama de la mineria, en donde se detectaron areas de oportunidad de ahorro de energia electrica que van desde aquellas medidas que no requieren inversiones hasta las que requieren medianas inversiones, recuperables en menos de dos anos como maximo y con ahorros de energia que van desde un 10% hasta un 25%.

  15. Investigación industrial sobre ahorro de energía en la fabricación de nuevos cementos compuestos españoles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puig, J.

    1981-09-01

    Full Text Available Not available

    Se exponen en este trabajo los resultados de un estudio consistente en la preparación de varios cementos nuevos, en diversas fábricas de diferentes zonas del país, basada en la utilización de materiales de adición, tanto activos como fillers calizos, con objeto de contribuir al ahorro energético en la fabricación de cemento. Los nuevos cementos fabricados se comparan con los producidos en la actualidad y se llega a la conclusión de que muchos de ellos permitirán sustanciales ahorros de fuel-oil, sin merma sensible, en la mayoría de los casos —y con mejora en otros— de la calidad y del comportamiento de los cementos nuevos.

  16. Modelo de Gestión Gerencial para disminuir los riesgos en la cooperativa de Ahorro y Crédito Tulcán.

    OpenAIRE

    Mora Grijalva, Ney Fernando

    2012-01-01

    Realizar un diagnóstico de la gestión en la Cooperativa de Ahorro y Crédito “Tulcán”, con los diferentes responsables de las áreas y de las oficinas operativas, a fin de determinar el papel de los procesos de participación, de la interpretación de los indicadores financieros y gestión enfocados a mitigar los diferentes riesgos. En el presente estudio: Modelo de Gestión Gerencial para disminuir los riesgos en la Cooperativa de Ahorro y Crédito ¿Tulcán¿ qué es una entidad financiera r...

  17. Integral programs of energy conservation (exergy) in the petroleum industry; Programas integrales de ahorro de energia (exergia) en la industria petrolera

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivero Rodriguez, R. [Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo (IMP), Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1995-12-31

    This paper presents some of the fundamental issues related to energy conservation programs in general and to the petroleum industry in particular with the purpose of integrating them both, that is, considering not only the energy issues, but also the ecological and economical aspects. This is achieved by using the two fundamental laws of thermodynamics (the science that studies energy, its characteristics, and its transformations) through the use of the exergy concept, which is a measure of the energy quality and of its withdrawal with respect to the environment. The origins of the present-day technologies, regarding energy conservation, the short, medium and long term general strategies and the implementation stages of the integral programs of energy conservation are presented, and it concludes with a series of general policies aimed at making the energy conservation programs more congruent with the maintenance of a sustainable development. [Espanol] En este trabajo se presentan algunos aspectos fundamentales relacionados con los programas de ahorro de energia en general, y en la industria petrolera en particular, con objeto de lograr que los mismos sean integrales, es decir que consideren no solo los aspectos puramente energeticos, sino tambien los aspectos ecologicos y economicos. Esto se logra utilizando conjuntamente las dos leyes fundamentales de la termodinamica (la ciencia que estudia la energia, sus caracteristicas y sus transformaciones), mediante la utilizacion del concepto de exergia, que es una medida de la calidad de la energia y de su alejamiento con respecto al medio ambiente. Se presentan los origenes de las tendencias tecnologicas actuales en materia de ahorro de energia, las estrategias generales a corto, mediano y largo plazos y las etapas en la implementacion de programas integrales de ahorro de energia, para concluir con una serie de politicas generales tendientes a lograr que los programas de ahorro de energia sean congruentes con el

  18. Análisis de ahorro energético en iluminación LED industrial: Un estudio de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Serrano-Tierz

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio muestra el ahorro económico y las ventajas medioambientales que supone la iluminación industrial con tecnología LED. Se ha planteado un estudio de caso en el que luminarias de halogenuros metálicos han sido sustituidas por luminarias LED. Para validar la sustitución de luminarias con halogenuros metálicos de 400W por LED de 200W, se han efectuado las simulaciones luminotécnicas y mediciones de campo mediante luxómetro. Los resultados obtenidos indican que ambas luminarias son equiparables obteniendo un importante ahorro energético cercano al 50%. Esta investigación demuestra que la tecnología LED ofrece soluciones de iluminación de alto rendimiento que optimizan el ahorro energético reduciendo a su vez costes de mantenimiento con un coste total de propiedad significativamente menor, incrementando la esperanza de vida útil de las luminarias. Desde el punto de vista medioambiental supone una importante reducción en emisiones de CO2 y eliminación de residuos tóxicos como el mercurio.

  19. Ahorro de agua y materia prima en los procesos de pelambre y curtido del cuero mediante precipitación y recirculación de aguas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SANDRA AGUDELO A.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El principio del proceso de recuperación de cromo, consiste en precipitar el cromo contenido en el licor residual como hidróxido utilizando un álcali; este precipitado se separa por sedimentación y se disuelve nuevamente con ácido sulfúrico. De los resultados obtenidos, se observaron porcentajes de remoción superiores al 99%. Con la recirculación directa de aguas de pelambre fue posible obtener ahorros de agua del 64% y ahorros en materia prima del 32 %, además, con una adecuada selección del tamizador es posible recircular el agua un número máximo de tres veces, sin afectar la calidad del producto final. Así mismo, se comprobó la viabilidad de la recirculación directa de aguas de curtido, con ahorros de materia prima del 17%. Con medidas de este tipo, prácticas y fáciles de implementar, la industria del curtido del cuero podría disminuir considerablemente la contaminación, operar de una forma mas segura y con mayor eficiencia de producción.

  20. Energy saving in the management of the BIMBO group distribution fleet; Ahorro de energia en la operacion de la flotilla de distribucion del grupo BIMBO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    BIMBO Mexico

    2005-07-01

    In this work BIMBO demonstrates that in order to save energy it is necessary to invest in equipment, parts, research and people. This is why they got involved in the task of developing the projects of fuel cells participating with universities, associations, Secretaria de Energia, Comision Nacional de Ahorro de Energia (National Commission for Energy Saving) (CONAE) and the National Council for Science and Tecnologia (CONACYT), through financial supports with projects of mechanisms of clean development (Kyoto Protocol). For doing it they had to prove different types of fuels: biodiesel, hydrogen, alcohol and hybrids; for them to determine the most profitable and practical thus reducing the energy consumption. With the saving of fuels and lubricants in our vehicles, a greater yield in the company is obtained. [Spanish] En este trabajo BIMBO demuestra que para ahorrar energia hay que invertir en equipo, partes, investigacion y gente. Es por eso que se dieron a la tarea de desarrollar los proyectos de celdas de combustible, participando con universidades, asociaciones, la Secretaria de Energia, la Comision Nacional para el Ahorro de Energia (CONAE) y el Consejo Nacional para la Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT), a traves de apoyos financieros con proyectos de mecanismos de desarrollo limpio (protocolo de Kyoto). Para ello tuvieron que probar diferentes tipos de combustibles: biodiesel, hidrogeno, alcohol e hibridos, para determinar los mas rentables y practicos y asi reducir el consumo de energia; con el ahorro de combustibles y lubricantes en nuestros vehiculos, logrando una mayor rentabilidad en la empresa.

  1. Analysis of Extension Categorical Data Mining Process for the Extension Interior Designing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hui Ma; Guangtian Zou

    2016-01-01

    On the basis of extension architectonics, this paper researches the process of extension categorical data mining for extension interior design. In accordance with the theory of extension data mining, the extension categorical data mining for the extension interior design can be divided into data preparation, the operation of mining and knowledge application. The paper expatiates the main content and cohesive relations of each link, and emphatically discusses extension acquisition, analysis extension, categorical mining extension, knowledge application extension and other several core nodes that are related with data. Through the knowledge fusion of extension architectonics and data mining, the paper discusses the process of knowledge requirements with multiple classification under different mining targets. The purpose of this paper is to explore a whole categorical data mining process of interior design from extension design data to the design of knowledge discovery and extension application.

  2. Projects of electrical energy saving in Costa Rica; Proyectos de ahorro de energia electrica en Costa Rica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henry Chinchilla [Compania Nacional de Luz y Fuerza, S.A., San Jose (Costa Rica)

    1999-07-01

    Costa Rica, located in Central America, is a highly electrified country, more of the 93.6% of the population, has access to the electricity, and its load curve presents two important demand peaks, one of them near noon and another one at sundown, additionally, the growth of this service is important, reason why it has been oriented to the establishment of actions focussed to the better use of the energy, in special of the electricity. The following notes are intended to show briefly the origin of the actions oriented to the energy saving, identifying the main projects that marked an important track in the national development in this sense, as well as a sample of some of the projects which have permitted to maintain throughout the last decade of this century a permanent attitude on the promotion and education of the saving and handling of the energy demand, specially of electricity, of such a way as to a suitable contribution is achieved towards the industrial competitiveness, human comfort and environmental protection. [Spanish] Costa Rica, ubicado en la America Central, es un pais altamente electrificado, mas del 93.6% de la poblacion, tiene acceso a la electricidad, y su curva de carga presenta dos importantes picos de demanda uno cercano al medio dia y otro al ocultarse el sol, junto a ello el crecimiento este servicio es importante, por lo que se ha abocado a establecer acciones que se orientan al mejor uso de la energia, en especial de la electricidad. En las siguientes notas se trata de mostrar en forma breve el origen de las acciones orientadas al ahorro de energia, identificando los principales proyectos que marcaron una huella importante en el rumbo nacional en este sentido, asi como una muestra de algunos de los proyectos que han permitido mantener a lo largo de la ultima decada de este siglo una permanente actitud de la promocion y ensenanza del ahorro y manejo de la demanda de energia, en especial de la electricidad, de tal forma que se logre con ello

  3. National potential of saving of electricity in domestic refrigeration; Potencial nacional de ahorro de electricidad en refrigeracion domestica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arroyo C, Fernando [Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico); Ambriz G, Juan Jose; Romero P, Hernando [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, (Mexico)

    2003-07-01

    In the present paper the evaluation of the potential of saving of electrical energy in Mexico is presented, by means of the substitution of old refrigerators of low efficiency by modern high efficiency ones. This potential is very ample, since the replacement of the old models by new follows a very slow curve, if the economic difficulties of the Mexican families are considered and that, on the other hand, the technology of the domestic refrigerators is so reliable that they have a very long life and they are not easily rejected. In field work have been found refrigerators operating with ages of more than 30 years and still 40. In Mexico, it is estimated that the refrigeration is responsible for around 29% of the of electricity consumption in homes settled in tempered climate and of 14 % in those of warm climate in which air conditioning is used. The proposal of this work is the organization of a governmental program of accelerated substitution of refrigerators that helps to acquire an efficient refrigerator and to reject the old ones. The results indicate that if a total renovation of the park of domestic refrigerators is made, the saving of electrical energy would reach the 5.2 TWh/a which represents the 44.5% of the total consumption of 11.7 TWh in a year. [Spanish] En el presente trabajo se presenta la evaluacion del potencial de ahorro de energia electrica en Mexico, mediante la substitucion de refrigeradores antiguos de baja eficiencia por modernos de alta eficiencia. Este potencial es muy amplio, ya que el reemplazo de los modelos viejos por nuevos sigue una curva muy lenta, si se consideran las dificultades economicas de las familias mexicanas y que, por otro lado, la tecnologia de los refrigeradores domesticos es tan confiable que tienen una vida muy larga y no se desechan facilmente. En trabajos de campo se han encontrado refrigeradores operando con edades de mas de 30 anos y aun 40. En Mexico, se estima que la refrigeracion es responsable de alrededor del

  4. Las puzolanas y el ahorro energético en los materiales de construcción

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soria Santamaría, Francisco

    1983-09-01

    Full Text Available This discussion commences with some general comments on the energy crisis and its impact on the cement industry, with the corresponding coal reconversion problems. Three factors are highlighted where saving has been centered: technological process, raw materials and finished product, emphasizing the interest of latter which includes incorporating active additions in Portland cement. A quick review then follows about pozzolanas, their origin, definitions and classification. Their chemical composition is underlined, and the concept of pozzolanic activity is described. Later on, pozzolanic cements, their most significant properties and the advantages of using pozzolana are explained. After a lengthy description about possible applications of pozzolanas and pozzolanic cements, the conclusion reviews current trends in international standards for such cements and possible evolution in consumption of additions by the year 2000, with a view to saving more energy, without impairing the essential properties of the cement.

    Comienza esta exposición con unas consideraciones generales sobre la crisis energética y su impacto en la industria cementera, con los correspondientes problemas de reconversión al carbón. Se mencionan los tres aspectos en que se ha centrado el ahorro energético: proceso tecnológico, materias primas y producto acabado, destacando el interés de este último que incluye la incorporación de adiciones activas al cemento portland. Se hace a continuación un rápido comentario sobre puzolanas, su origen, definiciones y clasificación. Se destaca la composición química de las mismas y se desarrolla el concepto de actividad puzolánica. Más tarde se hace una exposición sobre cementos puzolánicos, sus propiedades más destacadas y las ventajas que supone el empleo de la puzolana. Tras una exposición amplia de las posibles aplicaciones de las puzolanas y cementos puzolánicos, se concluye comentando las tendencias

  5. Program of actions for energy conservation in the equipment for the urban public transportation; Programa de acciones para el ahorro de la energia en los equipos de transporte publico urbanos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanhez Arellano, L.I. [Facultad de Ingenieria, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico, Toluca (Mexico)

    1995-12-31

    The Facultad de Ingenieria of the Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico (UAEM), in its postgraduate program in Transport Engineering carries out research projects aimed at the appropriate operation of the urban public transportation, in the definition of the transportation networks and their exploitation as well as in the energy conservation and efficient use of the energy for its operation. This paper embodies the lines of interest of this program. The proper operation characteristics and the energy consumption of the different types of vehicles used in urban public transportation mainly depend on the application they have been designed for. Nevertheless, an important point is to know, in the most concrete and specific form, the nature and other possible utilization options of the different urban transportation systems, as well as its energy impact and the possibility of a well oriented energy conservation. The purpose of this paper is to present in a concrete manner the different types of vehicles used in the urban public transportation, making an energy comparison, besides setting forth a program of actions tending to the energy saving for the vehicles that nowadays operate in the main cities of our country. The main actions are pointed out and the basic characteristics for their initiation, which can be summarized in three large groups: -action in the proper enterprises and with existing vehicular park. -actions over the management and exploitation of the transportation systems. -action for the utilization of new equipment and more efficient vehicles. A detailed explanation of each one of these actions and their impact on the energy consumption are the final purpose of this study. [Espanol] La Facultad de Ingenieria de la Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico (UAEM), dentro de su programa de Postrado en Ingenieria del Transporte realiza proyectos de investigacion tendientes en la buena operacion de los transportes publicos urbanos, en la definicion de

  6. Architectonic strategies for sub-climates for the Mexican Republic; Estrategias arquitectonicas por subclimas para la republica mexicana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buerba, Carmen; Tellez, Carolina; Perez Muzquiz, Erika; Perez Acuna, Claudia Jimena; Gomez Pamatz, Pilar; Lopez Leon, Javier; Magdaleno, Rafael; Bolanos, Victor Hugo; Alfaro Quintero, Estefania; Hernandez, Ivan [Universidad Michoacana, Facultad de Arquitectura (Mexico)

    2009-07-01

    In Mexico does not exist guides of bio-climatic design whose reading and interpretation be so simple that any architect or professional of the construction without experience in the bio-climatic area, can use when designing or remaking suitable a construction. A group formed by ten professors (project coauthors) of the Faculty of Architecture of the Universidad Michoacana have undertaken the task of making tables, with profuse graphical material, for each one of the main sub climates of our country, with respect to their economic and urban importance. The selection of the sub climates was done taking into account that they are those that are present in the capital cities and other cities of high urban importance. Basically each one of the tables contains: description of the sub climate and its location by climatic region, relevant physical-geographic aspects, excellent climatic conditions, strategically bio-climatic to use, proposed strategies of design from the solar and Aeolian axes (direction and location of spaces and openings, materials and constructive systems, solar and Aeolian control system). The present work is part of a book on bio-climatic design for architecture in Mexico of proximate publication, that will contain, divided according to the 10 proposed climatic regions by the Instituto de Geografia of the UNAM, folders with the sub climates that are presented in each one of the 10 climatic regions, and in each of them, tables with the different selected cities. [Spanish] En Mexico no existen guias de diseno bioclimatico cuya lectura e interpretacion sea tan sencilla que cualquier arquitecto o profesionista de la construccion sin experiencia en el area bioclimatica, puede utilizar al disenar o readecuar una edificacion. Un grupo formado por diez profesores (coautores del proyecto) de la Facultad de Arquitectura de la Universidad Michoacana nos hemos dado a la tarea de hacer unas tablas, con profuso material grafico, para cada uno de los principales

  7. CAJAS DE AHORROS: UN MODELO DE COMPROMISO CON LA SOCIEDAD / SAVINGS BANKS AND SOCIETY: A MODEL OF COMMITMENT TO SOCIETY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoni SEGUÍ ALCARAZ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Las entidades de crédito tienen cada vez mayor interés en las cuestiones sociales, como reflejo de un compromiso empresarial para satisfacer la demanda de la sociedad, en general, funcionando de una forma eficiente a medio plazo. El trabajo de campo se realizó a través de una encuesta contestada por 57 entidades de crédito españolas. En las Cajas de ahorros por lo que se refiere al tipo de inversión, se observan correlaciones significativas positivas entre el porcentaje del presupuesto destinado a inversiones en la comunidad y en proyectos medioambientales. Por lo tanto, vemos que cuantas más inversiones se realizan en la comunidad, mayor cantidad se destina a proyectos medioambientales. Por el contrario, se observa una relación negativa entre el porcentaje del presupuesto destinado a inversiones para la comunidad y la materialización de las aportaciones en metálico / The field work was conducted through a questionnaire answered by 57 Spanish institutions. In savings banks as regards the type of investment, there are significant positive correlations between the percentage of the budget for investment in community and environmental projects. Therefore, we see that the more investments are made in the community, the greater amount is allocated to environmental projects. On the contrary, there is a negative relationship between the percentage of the budget for investment in the community and the realization of cash contributions.

  8. Hydraulic speed variators for electrical energy saving; Variadores de velocidad hidraulicos para el ahorro de energia electrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valera Negrete, Adrian [Programa de Ahorro de Energia del Sector Electrico (PAESE), Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1999-07-01

    This paper shows the characteristics and applications of the hydraulic speed variators, where because of the conditions of the industrial processes it is necessary to vary the operation parameters, obtaining therefore an energy saving besides improving the control of these processes. In addition, the technical and economic evaluation is presented of a project of the Mazatlan Fossil Power Plant, in which it is intended to invest in the installation of a hydraulic speed variator connected to the forced draft fan of unit number three, which operates with an induction motor of 1,865 kW (2,500 H.P.), with a Voltage of 4,180 V at 1,180 rpm. [Spanish] El presente trabajo muestra las caracteristicas y aplicaciones de los variadores de velocidad hidraulicos, donde por las condiciones de los procesos industriales sea necesario variar los parametros de operacion, obteniendose asi un ahorro de energia ademas de mejorar el control de dichos procesos. Se presenta ademas la evaluacion tecnica y economica de un proyecto de la Planta Termoelectrica Mazatlan, en donde se pretende invertir en la instalacion de un variador de velocidad hidraulico acoplado al ventilador de tiro forzado de la unidad numero tres, el cual opera con un motor de induccion de 1,865 kW (2,500 H.P.), con un voltaje de 4,180 V y una velocidad de 1,180 rpm.

  9. Energy saving by the use of polystyrene in construction; Ahorro de energia por la utilizacion de poliestireno en la construccion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pimentel, Raul [Polioles S. A. de C. V., Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1992-12-31

    In the past last years, the building industry has been faced with requirements in the rational energy use and environmental preservation. The polystyrene foam is a material that for more than forty years has demonstrated its attributes all over the world in its application in the construction industry as well as in the packing and crating industries, becoming a synonym of economic construction in regard to energy saving and a synonym also of a rational and safe packing. In this paper a short description is made of the manufacturing process of the expandable polystyrene foam, its properties and applications in the construction industry. [Espanol] En los ultimos anos, la industria de la construccion se ha enfrentado a exigencias en el uso racional de la energia y en la preservacion del medio ambiente. La espuma de poliestireno expansible es un material que por mas de cuarenta anos, ha demostrado sus cualidades a nivel mundial en su aplicacion tanto en la industria de la construccion como en la del empaque y embalaje, llegando a convertirse en sinonimo de una construccion economica en cuanto a ahorro de energia y sinonimo tambien de un embalaje racional y seguro. En este trabajo se hace una breve descripcion del proceso de fabricacion de la espuma de poliestireno expandible, sus propiedades y aplicaciones dentro de la industria de la construccion.

  10. Oportunidad de ahorro energético en sistema para la climatización de unidades quirúrgicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Alberto Mora Aguilera

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presentó una valoración del autor acerca de la oportunidad de ahorro de energía eléctrica en el sistema para la climatización del Hospital Pediátrico de Holguín a partir de la recuperación de energía del volumen de aire que se expulsa al exterior en los quirófanos. En los resultados del trabajo se describió el procedimiento empleado para la cuantificación de la incidencia del volumen de aire para la ventilación de los quirófanos en el deterioro del consumo energético del sistema para la climatización y se enunció una propuesta que logra ahorrar energía eléctrica en el mismo mediante la elevación de su eficiencia energética sin comprometer los requerimientos de limpieza del aire que se maneja.

  11. Edificio de oficinas del Monte de Piedad y Caja de Ahorros de Sevilla-España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Población Knappe, Eleuterio

    1981-03-01

    Full Text Available Architect The essential feature of the new building of the Pawnshop and Savings Bank in Seville, built on a site in an «L» form and affected in the course of the planning and building by successive changes of Ordenances, its attempt to harmonize with the surrounding architecture, respecting its traditional characteristics. The building, which has seven stories on a slope and two basements, broadcasts its different private and public missions by the volumes, forms and different exterior treatments, presenting particular attention to its functionality in accordance with the initial programme proposed by the organisation.

    La característica esencial de la nueva sede del Monte de Piedad y Caja de Ahorros de Sevilla, levantada sobre un solar en forma de «L» y afectada en el transcurso del proyecto y construcción por sucesivos cambios de Ordenanzas, armoniza con la arquitectura circundante, respetando sus características tradicionales. La edificación, de siete plantas sobre rasante y dos sótanos, patentiza su distinta misión privada y de cara al público a través de los volúmenes, formas y diferentes tratamientos exteriores, presentando una especial atención a su funcionalidad de acuerdo con el programa inicial planteado por la entidad.

  12. Analysis of structure of intraventricular blood flow based on studies of architectonics of trabecular layer in left ventricle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leo A. Bockeria

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Aims To overcome numerous contradictions in the knowledge of the blood transportation, a hypothesis was supposed asserting the swirling pattern of blood flow in the heart and main vessels which resembles tornado-like flows and which is widespread in nature. These flows can be exhaustively described by the exact solutions of the nonstationary hydrodynamic Navier-Stokes equations and the continuity equations for the class of viscous swirling flows offered by Kiknadze - Krasnov. Materials and methods Using morphometric studies of human and canine left ventricular casts and Multislice Computed Tomography it has been shown that the trabeculae in the ventricular cavity are oriented along the streamlines of the tornado-like flow of appropriate dimension. Moreover, this principle covers both the diastolic trabeculae of the inlet part of the left ventricle and the systolic trabeculae of the outlet part of the left ventricle. Results It is concluded that the main trabeculae function consists in the structural organization of the intraventricular tornado-like swirling flow of Kiknadze – Krasnov type. Conclusion The hydrodynamic analysis of the blood flow laws is indispensable for the development of new diagnostics criteria in cardiology, cardiac surgery optimization, the design of new implantable and paracorporal devices contacting with blood flow and mathematical and physical modeling of circulation.

  13. Energy saving in the house of social interest by means of the application of the power efficiency standard:NOM-020; Ahorro de energia en la vivienda de interes social mediante la aplicacion de la norma de eficiencia energetica: NOM-020

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diaz Jimenez, Rodolfo; Morillon Galvez, David [Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    2001-07-01

    In face of the urgent necessity of saving and of using in an efficient way the energy, the Secretariat of Energy (Sener) through the Comision Nacional para el Ahorro de Energia, (CONAE) (National Commission for Energy Saving) has promoted the design and application of different measures and programs of energy efficiency. The elaboration of standards of energy efficiency has been a subject of great importance to foment the adequate use of the energy resources. For the residential sector the standard first draft exists: NOM-020-ENER-1998 energy efficiency in constructions: Standard for the covering of buildings for housing up to three floors. In this study the thermal analysis of the cover of one of the house models more used in the construction of houses of social interest in Mexico. By applying the methodology proposed by the first draft of the Standard the thermal gains by conduction in roof and walls, and by radiation in windows were determined. The analysis was performed for several cities of the country with different climates, the results were compared with the values proposed in the Standard, the viability of application of this Standard in the sector of the house of social interest was analyzed and finally the energy saving in ceasing using air conditioning systems for interiors. [Spanish] Ante la imperiosa necesidad de ahorrar y usar de forma eficiente la energia, la Secretaria de Energia (Sener) a traves de la Comision Nacional para el Ahorro de Energia, (CONAE) ha promovido el diseno y aplicacion de diferentes medidas y programas de eficiencia energetica. La elaboracion de normas de eficiencia energetica ha sido un rubro de gran importancia para fomentar el uso adecuado de los recursos energeticos. Para el sector residencial existe el anteproyecto de norma: NOM-020-ENER-1998 ficiencia energetica en edificaciones: Norma para la envolvente de los edificios para uso habitacional hasta de tres pisos. En este estudio se presenta el analisis termico de la

  14. Evaluation of energy saving in large scale projects in domestic lighting; Evaluacion del ahorro de energia en proyectos de gran escala en alumbrado domestico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valera Negrete, Adrian [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    2001-07-01

    The present work shows the methodology and the necessary parameters are indicated to evaluate the energy saving and the reduction of power demand obtained, by the large scale projects of substitution of incandescent lamps by compact, circular fluorescent and globe type lamps in the domestic sector. [Spanish] El presente trabajo muestra la metodologia y se indican los parametros necesarios para evaluar el ahorro de energia y reduccion de la demanda de potencia obtenidos, por los proyectos de gran escala de sustitucion de focos incandescentes por lamparas fluorescentes compactas, circulares y tipo globo en el sector domestico.

  15. Diseño inmotico para ahorro energético, seguridad y control de instalaciones para el nuevo edificio de la fiec

    OpenAIRE

    Cobos Franco, Ma. Jose; Loayza Intriago, Andrea A.; Garay Contreras, Francisco; Leyton, Edgar

    2009-01-01

    Este proyecto tiene como propósito asegurar a los usuarios de la edificación un aumento del confort, de la seguridad, del ahorro energético y de las facilidades de comunicación mediante la automatización de la gestión y la información de la misma. Se explican los principios teóricos empleados en este proyecto. Se detallan conceptos básicos de Edificio Inteligente así como la definición y diferencias entre los diferentes conceptos que encierra la Domótica. Además se realiza un estudio ...

  16. Electric power saving potential due to domestic refrigerators replacement; Potencial de ahorro de energia electrica por el reemplazo de refrigeradores domesticos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peralta Solorio, Jose Luis [Fideicomiso para el Ahorro de Energia Electrica (Mexico)]. E-mail: jose.peralta@cfe.gob.mx

    2006-04-15

    In Mexico the second most used electrical appliance is: refrigerator. Owing to its use, it would be a promising option for electric power saving. In Guadalajara, Reynosa and Tampico it was performed a study with the aim of launching a project to replace the old refrigerators with new ones which are more effective and less expensive. Since the refrigerators cost and the electrical invoicing saving, the electric appliance change is profitable. To expect with this replacement more than eight million of refrigerators manufactured before 1997 will be changed. [Spanish] El refrigerador es el segundo electrodomestico mas utilizado a nivel nacional, esto permite que debido a su uso sea una opcion prometedora para el ahorro de energia electrica. Se hizo un estudio en Guadalajara, Reynosa y Tampico con el fin de lanzar un proyecto para sustituir los refrigeradores viejos por unos nuevos que sean mas eficaces y menos costosos. Por el costo de los refrigeradores y el ahorro en la facturacion electrica, el cambio de electrodomestico es rentable, de esta manera se espera que los mas de ocho millones de refrigeradores fabricados antes de 1997 que existen en el pais sean cambiados.

  17. Estimated potential of energy saving and reduction of the demand commercial buildings illumination; Potencial estimado de ahorro de energia y reduccion de la demanda en iluminacion de edificios comerciales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez Gomez, Victor Hugo; Morillon Galvez, David [Posgrado en Energetica de la DEPFI-UNAM, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1999-07-01

    In this paper the estimated energy saving potential in illumination, the energy end use and the technology used in commercial buildings of different use is analyzed. Estimation that departs from information of the Fideicomiso para el Ahorro de Energia (FIDE) demonstrative cases, presents the energy saving and the demand reduction in a sample of 29 buildings, among which are shopping malls, hospitals, schools, hotels, restaurants and public buildings in which energy saving programs have been carried out, with measures such as the cleaning of the luminaries and its replacement for more efficient ones. The average saving obtained is of 21.81%, in the following areas: illumination, air conditioning and others. In addition, in a sample of 4 buildings, it was observed that before applying the energy saving programs, two of them did not fulfill with the norm NOM-007-1995 (electric power density in interior lighting systems W/m{sup 2}) and later did fulfill the values and criteria of the norm. [Spanish] En el presente trabajo se analiza el potencial estimado de ahorro de energia en iluminacion, el uso final de la energia y la tecnologia empleada en edificios comerciales de uso distinto. Estimacion que parte de la informacion de los casos demostrativos del Fideicomiso para el Ahorro de Energia (FIDE), se presenta el ahorro y reduccion de la demanda en una muestra de 29 edificios, entre los que se tienen centros comerciales, hospitales, escuelas, hoteles, restaurantes y edificios publicos en los cuales se ha llevado a cabo programas de ahorro de energia, con medidas como la limpieza de las luminarias y su remplazo por otros mas eficientes. El ahorro promedio obtenido es de 21.81%, en las siguientes areas: iluminacion, aire acondicionado y otros. Ademas, en una muestra de 4 edificios, se observo que antes de aplicar los programas de ahorro de energia, dos no cumplian con la norma NOM-007-ENER-1995 (densidad de potencia electrica en alumbrado interior W/m{sup 2}) y

  18. Análisis del impacto económico y financiero de un programa de ahorro de agua en los dispositivos de descarga en sanitarios de una institución de educación básica

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Uno de los temas centrales del IV Foro Mundial del Agua, realizado en la Ciudad de México en marzo de 2006 fueron el ahorro y cuidado del agua en el mundo. Para lograr dichos ahorros se requieren cambios radicales en los que el proceso de toma de decisiones se torna muy importante, debido a los costos que por lo regular implican dichos cambios. Esta Tesis pretende demostrar que los programas de ahorro y cuidado del agua no brindan solamente beneficios ambientales o sustenta...

  19. Analysis of passive systems as a tool for energy saving in buildings: solar control; Analisis de sistemas pasivos como herramienta para el ahorro de energia en edificaciones: Control solar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saravia, Maricela; Morillon Galvez, David [Instituto de Ingenieria, UNAM, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1999-07-01

    A bioclimatic study of El Salvador is presented, with the purpose of using window eaves as elements of passive solar control and to determine the optimal angles of orientation, in order to diminish the thermal gains by direct solar radiation and to manage to get close to the comfort conditions. The former with the intention of integrating measures that help to obtain energy efficiency and comfortable buildings, for the conditions of warm humid climate, characteristic of a Central American country like El Salvador. Besides offering a document of consultation among the professionals dedicated to the design and as base of bioclimatic considerations that must have the construction regulations. As a conclusion the optimal angles of eaves for each orientation are presented and a quantitative estimation of the savings that would imply not to consume electrical energy in cooling systems using these elements as a protection to the direct solar radiation. [Spanish] Se presenta un estudio del bioclima de El Salvador, con el fin de utilizar aleros de ventana como elementos de control solar pasivo y determinar los angulos optimos por orientacion, para disminuir las ganancias termicas por radiacion solar directa y lograr acercar a las condiciones de confort. Lo anterior con el objeto de integrar medidas que coadyuven a lograr edificios energeticamente eficientes y confortables, para las condiciones de clima calido humedo, caracteristico de un pais centroamericano como El Salvador. Ademas de brindar un documento de consulta entre los profesionales dedicados al dise y como base de consideraciones bioclimaticas que debe tener el reglamento de construcciones. Como conclusion se presentan los angulos optimos de alero por cada orientacion y una estimacion cuantitativa del ahorro que implicaria el no consumir energia electrica en sistemas de enfriamiento utilizando estos elementos como una proteccion a la radiacion solar directa.

  20. Energy saving in Bellota Mexico S.A. de C.V.; Ahorro de energia en Bellota Mexico S.A de C.V.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salazar Lopez, Jose Albeiro [Bellota Mexico S.A. de C.V. (Mexico)

    2003-07-01

    The present article intends to make a general description of the different activities that were developed in Bellota Mexico S.A. de C.V. during year 2001 and which lead to obtaining the national prize of energy saving granted by the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) and the Fideicomiso para el Ahorro de Energia Electrica (FIDE). In the executed actions stands out an entirely coordinated program that includes: lighting systems, motors, refrigeration systems, transformers, special projects (settling tanks), capacitors, compressed air pipeline, induction furnaces, machinery in general, maximum demand control, preventive maintenance, measuring systems, operational and organizational systems. In all these subjects a fast description is made of the performed actions and the obtained results. It is mentioned in addition the importance of making a power diagnosis and the use of historical data for the planning of the strategies to follow. Also reference is made of the use of appropriate technology that considers the use of high-energy efficiency equipment, such as motors, lamps, compressors, etc. Finally an evaluation is made of the obtained results where the improvement of the electrical parameters stands out such as: reduction of the power index in 35.06%, reduction of the maximum demand in 11.94%, increase of the power factor from 93.53% in 98.21%. The obtained results demonstrate that investing in energy saving it is a good business. [Spanish] El presente trabajo tiene por objeto hacer una descripcion general de las diferentes actividades que se desarrollaron en Bellota Mexico S.A. de C.V. durante el ano 2001 y que condujeron a la obtencion del premio nacional de ahorro de energia otorgado por la Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) y el Fideicomiso para el Ahorro de Energia Electrica (FIDE). En las acciones ejecutadas se destaca todo un programa coordinado que abarca: sistemas de iluminacion, motores, sistemas de refrigeracion, transformadores, proyectos

  1. Economía y sociedad en Burgos (1890-1936): la Caja de Ahorros del Círculo Católico

    OpenAIRE

    Chicote Ureta, María Felicidad

    2016-01-01

    El objetivo que pretende alcanzar esta investigación y la metodología que se va a utilizar conducen a un propósito: realizar un análisis de la Caja de Ahorros y Monte de Piedad del Círculo Católico de Obreros de Burgos –a lo largo de sesenta años– que ponga de relieve su impacto real sobre la sociedad en la que se instala y ayude a explicar su contribución en el devenir de la historia burgalesa de la segunda mitad del siglo XX. Aspira a presentar a la Institución como un síntoma, como la resp...

  2. Ahorro energético y cogeneración en el sector hotelero de Cozumel y la Riviera Maya (México)

    OpenAIRE

    Mendoza Vizcaino, Fco. Javier

    2013-01-01

    En este trabajo se desarrollará un ejercicio de ahorro energético y cogeneración en un hotel de Cozumel (Riviera Maya) México. Para esto, se requiere de la implementación de un sistema de conversión de los residuos orgánicos en biogás, el cual alimente a un equipo de cogeneración y así, la producción y una mejor gestión de la energía, sean una solución viable para disminuir el costo de operación y la emisión de gases de efecto invernadero (GEI) buscando obtener una bonificación...

  3. Las cajas de ahorro en el sistema financiero español. Trayectoria histórica y realidad histórica actual.

    OpenAIRE

    Cals, Joan,

    2002-01-01

    La OCDE (1971) calificaba al sistema financiero español, a comienzos de los años setenta, como uno de los más rígidos y reglamentados de los países que integraban la organización. A su vez, la cajas de ahorros españolas figuraban entre las que de forma más restrictiva debían desarrollar sus actividades (Ros, 1967). Por ello, era lógico que a partir de 1973-74 y, especialmente, 1977, se iniciara un proceso de reforma y liberalización que operaría en diversos frentes y daría paso a la equiparac...

  4. Evaluation of the energy saving potential in illumination using presence sensors; Evaluacion del potencial de ahorro de energia en iluminacion utilizando sensores de presencia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cortes Eslava, Alejandro [Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM), Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1999-07-01

    The analysis and the evaluation of the energy saving that would provide a system of illumination controlled by sensors of presence in an enclosure with low transit, evaluating the economic profitability of the system is presented. The data, from which the analysis is sustained and the results are deducted, coming from the use and installation of a timer in the area. [Spanish] Se presenta el analisis y la evaluacion de los ahorros de energia que suministraria un sistema de iluminacion controlado por sensores de presencia en un recinto con bajo transito, evaluando la rentabilidad economica del sistema. Los datos, a partir de los cuales se sustenta el analisis y se deducen los resultados, provienen de la utilizacion e instalacion de un contador de tiempo de uso en el recinto.

  5. Strategies for energy saving in buildings by means of automatic control; Estrategias de ahorro de energia en inmuebles mediante el control automatico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Trujillo, Oscar [Johnson Controls de Mexico S. A. de C. V., Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1998-12-31

    In this paper some of the measures and strategies for energy saving that can be applied in different types of buildings, mainly in hotels and office buildings, are presented. The proposed actions are accomplished with the aid of the automatic control equipment and the operation and/or maintenance personnel that supervises and establishes the control parameters of each one of the strategies than are focused to the appropriate utilization of the electric energy. [Espanol] En este documento se presentan algunas de las medidas y estrategias de ahorro de energia que pueden ser aplicadas en diferentes tipos de inmuebles, principalmente en hoteles y en edificios de oficinas. Las acciones propuestas son realizadas con la ayuda del equipo de control automatico y del personal de operacion y/o mantenimiento quien supervisa y establece los parametros de control de cada una de las estrategias que son destinadas a la buena utilizacion de la energia electrica.

  6. Ahorro infantil: “Chispitas”-Estrategia para combatir la pobreza, Fundación Ayú, Oaxaca, México

    OpenAIRE

    Guadalupe Arcos-Medina*; Emma Zapata-Martelo; Oliverio Hernández-Romero

    2016-01-01

    En esta investigación analizamos cómo la estrategia de combate a la pobreza de la Fundación Ayú, influye en el hábito del ahorro de los niños y niñas mixtecos de Oaxaca -los “Chispitas”-, con datos obtenidos de noviembre de 2013 a julio de 2014. Realizamos un taller participativo y entrevistas semiestructuradas, aplicando un cuestionario a 42 niños y niñas de diez años de edad promedio, y antigüedad como ahorradores de entre tres y siete años. El perfil socioeconómico familiar corresponde may...

  7. Evaluation of saving measurements and energetic efficiency in air-conditioning systems; Evaluacion de medidas de ahorro y eficiencia energetica en sistemas de climatizacion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez Lombard, L [Asociacion de Investigacion y Cooperacion de Andalucia (Spain); Ortiz, J [Building Research Establishment (United Kingdom); Riviere, P [Armines-ecole des mines de Paris (France)

    2006-04-15

    Buildings require an adequate air conditioning to offer workers a labor environment where there is thermal comfort. A study was performed in three different European places which count on several climates. The conclusion was the following: in order to analyze the energy efficiency in edifications it is fundamental the simulation tools use with the purpose of calculating the consumption and evaluating the saving measurements. [Spanish] Los edificios requieren de una climatizacion adecuada para que los que ahi operan puedan hacerlo dentro de un ambiente laboral donde exista el confort termico. Se llevo a cabo un estudio en tres lugares de Europa poseedores de diferentes climas y se concluyo que para poder analizar la eficiencia energetica de climatizacion en las edificaciones es imprescindible el uso de herramientas de simulacion con el proposito de calcular el consumo y evaluar las medidas de ahorro.

  8. Experiences on energy saving in Comision Federal Electricidad (CFE) buildings; Experiencias de ahorro de energia en edificios de la Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alvarez Velasco, Jorge E. [Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    This document describes the developed saving projects in buildings and generating power stations in 2004 by the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE). The projects considered are: buildings of the oficinas nacionales, Divisions of distribution office buildings, office buildings of production regions, construction deputy manager's office building, buildings of transmission and transformation, generating power stations, investments and savings of the projects in oficinas nacionales, divisions of distribution and construction subdivision buildings. From these projects the ones concluded in the 2004 were: Distribution Divisions, Gulf-Center Division, Center-West Distribution Division. The developing projects of 2005: oficinas nacionales, distribution divisions, Construction Subdivision, Generating Power Stations, Transmission Areas and office buildings. And finally, the projects concluded in the 2005 are the distribution divisions, the construction subdivision, the generating power stations, the office buildings, the minisplit units and their advantages with respect to the air conditioning window units. [Spanish] Este documento describe los proyectos de ahorro desarrollados en inmuebles y centrales generadoras en el ano 2004 por la Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE), los proyectos tratados son: inmuebles de oficinas nacionales, inmuebles de divisiones de distribucion, inmuebles de regiones de produccion, inmuebles de la subdireccion de construccion, inmuebles de transmision y transformacion, centrales generadoras, inversiones y ahorros de los proyectos en inmuebles de oficinas nacionales y divisiones de distribucion y subdireccion de construccion. De dichos proyectos se tiene que los proyectos concluidos en el 2004 fueron: Divisiones de Distribucion, Division Golfo Centro, Division de Distribucion Centro Occidente. Los proyectos en desarrollo del 2005: oficinas nacionales, divisiones de distribucion, Subdireccion de Construccion, Centrales Generadoras, Areas

  9. Valoración de la garantía de pensión en las cuentas de ahorro individual en colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José V. Restrepo

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available El comportamiento del individuo como persona que aporta, y futuro beneficiario de una pensión, es determinante para cuantificar los efectos que su densidad de aportes tiene sobre el sistema de ahorro individual y la exigibilidad de las diferentes garantías. Por esta razón, en el presente trabajo se intenta buscar desde las finanzas personales una visión alterna a lo expuesto en diferentes estudios que sobre la materia se han realizado, no solo en Colombia sino a nivel internacional, y brindar una aproximación a la solución del problema de sostenibilidad en el retiro. Para calcular la magnitud de las garantías, se desarrolló un procedimiento que combina metodologías de modelos estocásticos con modelos de lógica difusa y con el cálculo actuarial. de esta forma, y soportado en resultados de otros estudios, se logró determinar el ahorro individual potencial alcanzable por cada individuo en función de su género y su cohorte salarial, y el posible déficit existente para conseguir una pensión mínima de retiro. los resultados encontrados indican que en las condiciones de baja densidad de aportes es muy difícil para las cohortes de bajo y medio ingreso asegurar una pensión mínima sin el agotamiento de las garantías existentes y la participación del gobierno.

  10. Energy conservation programs of Pemex exploration and production, south region; Programas de ahorro de energia en Pemex exploracion y produccion, region sur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzalez Milla, Guillermo; Garcia Juarez, Francisco; Alarcon Aleman, Jose Mauricio [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)

    1998-12-31

    The technological developments of energy economizing equipment constitute a powerful tool for the conservation and saving of the electric energy in new or existing installations. Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) Exploration and Production initiated in 1997 a program for energy economizing in the South region, for which the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, through its Unit for the Use of Energy, collaborated performing energy assessments in 115 buildings of the above mentioned region. This paper describes the employed methodology to carry on the energy assessment, which consisted in an analysis of each building and different options for energy economizing were presented, which was accompanied with cost-benefit studies. The results obtained show that the air conditioning equipment and lighting represent the most important loads permanently connected, therefore the study was concentrated in these two loads [Espanol] Los desarrollos tecnologicos de equipos ahorradores de energia constituyen una poderosa herramienta para la conservacion y el ahorro de energia electrica en instalaciones nuevas o existentes. Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) Exploracion y Produccion inicio en 1997 un programa para el ahorro de energia en la region sur, para lo cual el Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, a traves de la Unidad de Uso de Energia, colaboro realizando diagnosticos energeticos en 115 edificios de dicha region. En este documento se describe la metodologia utilizada para realizar el diagnostico energetico, el cual consistio en un analisis de cada edificio y se presentaron diversas opciones para ahorrar energia, lo cual se acompano de estudios de costo-beneficio. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que los equipos de aire acondicionado e iluminacion representan la parte mas importante de las cargas conectadas permanentemente, por lo que el estudio se concentro en estas dos cargas

  11. The methodology for the evaluation of the energy saving by the daylight saving time in Mexico; Metodologia para la evaluacion del ahorro de energia debido al cambio de horario durante la epoca del verano

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramos Niembro, Gaudencio [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)

    1996-12-31

    A description is made of the methodology for the evaluation of energy saving by the daylight saving time in Mexico. A mathematical model was developed that would allow the quantitative evaluation of the energy saving by the daylight saving time, through measurements of the consumption of different users from the domestic commercial and industrial sector, considering the various variables that impact the consumption [Espanol] Se describe la metodologia para la evalucion del ahorro de energia por el cambio de horario de verano en Mexico. Se desarrollo un modelo matematico que permitiera evaluar cuantitativamente el ahorro de energia debido al cambio de horario durante la epoca de verano, atraves de mediciones de consumos de los diferentes usuarios de los sectores domestico, comercial e industrial, considerando las diversas variables que impactan en el consumo

  12. Introduction criteria and concepts on energy saving in the technical standards for electric installations; Introduccion de criterios y conceptos de ahorro de energia en las normas tecnicas para instalaciones electricas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rincon Nader, Jorge A. [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)

    1992-12-31

    The project Introduction Criteria and Concepts on Energy Saving in the Technical Standards for electric installations, is described, whose immediate objective is to recommend and in some cases regulate the use of energy saving equipment and devices and the adoption of attitudes and procedures that convey into saving, and the rational and efficient use of the electric energy. [Espanol] Se describe el proyecto Introduccion de Criterios y Conceptos de Ahorro de Energia en las Normas Tecnicas para instalaciones electricas, que tiene como objetivo inmediato recomendar, y en algunos casos reglamentar el uso de equipos y dispositivos ahorradores y la adopcion de actitudes y procedimientos que conduzcan a un ahorro y uso racional y eficiente de la energia electrica.

  13. Análisis de costes y ahorros potenciales relacionados con la utilización de pruebas preoperatorias en los hospitales de Canarias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López-Bastida J.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Estimar el ahorro potencial que podría tener lugar en el Servicio Canario de Salud (SCS, a partir de una utilización apropiada científica de las pruebas preoperatorias, haciendo uso de la información obtenida de los 5 hospitales universitarios de la red pública. Métodos: Un total de 55 anestesiólogos (60% del SCS cumplimentaron un cuestionario. En éste se prestó especial atención a las pruebas preoperatorias más frecuentemente utilizadas, como la radiografía de tórax, el electrocardiograma, las pruebas de laboratorio y la espirometría. Los costes unitarios medios para las diferentes pruebas preoperatorias se obtuvieron de 2 hospitales participantes en el estudio. Para calcular los ahorros potenciales derivados del uso apropiado de las pruebas preoperatorias se han considerado varios escenarios caracterizados por diferentes hipótesis o grados de cumplimiento de un protocolo basado en el conocimiento científico, considerado como parámetro de referencia. Resultados: En el caso ideal de que se cumpliera el protocolo científico recomendado en el 100% de los 16.179 pacientes considerados ASA I y II, la repercusión económica sería notable, pues supondría una liberación de recursos sensible que podría ser utilizada para otros programas de salud. Estas cifras podrían alcanzar aproximadamente los 1,02 millones de euros, sin considerar el coste de la estancia preoperatoria. Esta cifra podría incrementarse hasta, aproximadamente, los 2,13 millones de euros si incluimos un día de estancia preoperatoria, y hasta los 3,24 millones de euros incluyendo 2 días de estancia preoperatoria. Conclusiones: La revisión reciente de la literatura científica y los resultados proporcionados por el cuestionario aplicado en el SCS indican que las pruebas preoperatorias alcanzan los mayores beneficios para los pacientes y para la sociedad si se guían por el conocimiento científico. Es posible, además, liberar recursos a partir de una

  14. Scenarios simulation for the conservation and efficient use of energy, using passive control measures; Simulacion de escenarios de ahorro y uso eficiente de energia, utilizando medidas de control pasivo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramos, G.; Heard, Ch.; Sanchez Viveros, A. [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas,Cuernavaca (Mexico)

    1997-12-31

    Every one involved with the conservation and efficient use of electric energy, has listened in reiterative occasions to the causes that changed the conventional mentality at the beginning of the seventies. Nevertheless, there are many persons that still ignore that by using the energy rationally, their costs are significantly reduced, their comfort is enhanced and the environmental problems are minimized. Specifically, in the domestic sector, from the figures reported by the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) in 1996, the electric energy sold was 28,410 Gwh, that is, 23.4% of the total consumption (121,579 Gwh). Table 1 presents the average by tariff in the national domestic sector, which shows that 20% of the electricity consumed was required for environmental conditioning (air conditioning, evaporative coolers and electric fans). The above figures quantitatively show that there is a strong impact in the consumption of electric energy due to weather conditions. For this reason, currently the Comision Nacional de Ahorro de Energia (CONAE) and the Fideicomiso para el Ahorro de Energia (FIDE) are promoting standards and projects to propitiate the rationalization in the use of energy, besides of achieving the improvement of thermal comfort conditions. One more case would be the Fideicomiso para el Aislamiento Termico de la Vivienda en Mexicali (FIPATERM), which promotes the financing of saving measures and efficient energy use in cities with extreme climate. This paper describes the strategy that was followed by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE), for the development of the human and material infrastructure, that has allowed the sustainment of several projects in the saving and efficient use of energy in CFE, CONAE, FIDE, FIPATERM and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), concretely in relationship with the thermal analysis of dwellings. [Espanol] Todos aquellos relacionados con el ahorro y el uso eficiente de la energia electrica, han

  15. Actions and results of the management of energy saving of the CONDUMEX group; Acciones y resultados de la gerencia de ahorro de energia de grupo CONDUMEX

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sashida Key, Carlos; Jimenez Huerta, Arturo; Alavez Alcazar, Moises [Grupo Condumex, Industrias IEM, S.A. de C.V., Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    1999-07-01

    The purpose of this paper is to expose some practical cases that have been developed through the Energy Saving Management of GRUPO CONDUMEX, in different areas such as systems related to water, steam, electricity and compressed air. This experience has been compiled of diagnoses and actions that have been carried out in the companies inside and outside GRUPO CONDUMEX, and of systems with the purpose of making efficient the use of fuels and getting close to the energy indexes that are handled in other International companies of the same manufacture branch. [Spanish] Este trabajo tiene por objeto exponer algunos casos practicos que se han desarrollado a traves de la Gerencia de Ahorro de Energia de GRUPO CONDUMEX, en distintas areas tales como sistemas relacionados con agua, vapor, electricidad y aire comprimido. Esta experiencia ha sido recopilada de diagnosticos y acciones que se han llevado a cabo en las empresas dentro y fuera de GRUPO CONDUMEX, y de sistemas con la finalidad de eficientar el uso de los energeticos y acercarnos a los indices energeticos que se manejan en otras empresas internacionales del mismo ramo de fabricacion.

  16. The satisfaction of developing a project of electrical energy saving; La satisfaccion de desarrollar un proyecto de ahorro de energia electrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arreola Suarez, Alejandro [Hotel Club Marival, Nuevo Vallarta, Nayarit (Mexico)

    2002-09-01

    The projects for the energy saving in hotels represent a great opportunity to reduce the operation costs in the demand and consumption of electrical energy, since the existing facilities can take advantage of new technologies in illumination, air conditioning, refrigeration and heating. By their constitution, the hotels work the year around uninterruptedly and must provide all type of services to the guests and working personnel, which originates that they consume great amounts of energy in air conditioning, lightning, laundry, etc., since the prestige of the installation depends on it. [Spanish] Los proyectos para el ahorro de energia en hoteles representan una gran oportunidad para reducir costos de operacion en la demanda y consumo de energia electrica, ya que las instalaciones existentes pueden aprovechar nuevas tecnologias en iluminacion, aire acondicionado, refrigeracion y calefaccion. Por su constitucion, los hoteles trabajan ininterrumpidamente todo el ano y deben proporcionar toda clase de servicios a los huespedes y personal que labora, lo cual origina que consuman grandes cantidades de energia en aire acondicionado, iluminacion, lavanderia, etc., pues de ello depende el prestigio de la instalacion.

  17. Energy saving: optimal use of air conditioning equipment by means of the solar control; Ahorro de energia: uso optimo de los acondicionadores de aire mediante el control solar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mejia D, David; Morillon G, David; Rodriguez V, Luis [Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico)

    2001-09-01

    In this article the evaluation of the solar heat gains through the transparent parts of a building (houses of social interest) is presented; with the purpose of determining the heat gains through windows during summer time and under the following conditions: without solar protection, with the use of eaves, solar breakers and, finally, with the use of both elements. With the determined percentage of the diminution of heat gains, the considered potential of energy saving in air conditioning was obtained that would be available if the houses were constructed with solar control. [Spanish] En este articulo se presenta la evaluacion de las ganancias de calor solar a traves de las partes transparentes de un edificio (viviendas de interes social); con el objeto de determinar las ganancias de calor a traves de ventanas para la epoca de verano y bajo las siguientes condiciones: sin proteccion solar, con el empleo de aleros, con quiebrasoles y, finalmente, con el empleo de ambos elementos. Con el porcentaje determinado de la disminucion de ganancias de calor, se obtuvo el potencial estimado de ahorro de energia en aire acondicionado que se tendria si las viviendas se construyen con control solar.

  18. Composición quimicomineralógica de las materias primas y ahorro de energía en la industria del cemento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soria Santamaría, Francisco

    1982-06-01

    Full Text Available In the field of energy saving, mainly thermic, in the cement industry, not only should we consider the possibilities in the technological process or the finished product, but also the influence of the chemical-mineral composition of the raw materials. The distinct parameters which fall into the reactivity of the crudes are analyzed, such as the size of the grain (fineness, chemical and mineral composition of the principal components. There follows an exposition of the importance of the minority components as smelting and mineralizers, finally emphasizing the interest and practical behaviour of some of them.

    En el campo del ahorro de energía, principalmente térmica, en la industria cementera, no sólo deben contemplarse las posibilidades en cuanto al proceso tecnológico o el producto acabado, sino también la influencia de la composición quimicomineralógica de las materias primas. Se analizan los distintos parámetros que inciden en la reactividad de los crudos, tales como tamaño de grano (finura, composición química y mineralogía de los componentes principales. A continuación se hace una exposición de la importancia de los componentes minoritarios como fundentes y mineralizadores, destacando finalmente el interés y comportamiento práctico de alguno de ellos.

  19. Ahorro infantil: “Chispitas”-Estrategia para combatir la pobreza, Fundación Ayú, Oaxaca, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guadalupe Arcos-Medina*

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available En esta investigación analizamos cómo la estrategia de combate a la pobreza de la Fundación Ayú, influye en el hábito del ahorro de los niños y niñas mixtecos de Oaxaca -los “Chispitas”-, con datos obtenidos de noviembre de 2013 a julio de 2014. Realizamos un taller participativo y entrevistas semiestructuradas, aplicando un cuestionario a 42 niños y niñas de diez años de edad promedio, y antigüedad como ahorradores de entre tres y siete años. El perfil socioeconómico familiar corresponde mayormente a hogares campesinos; las razones para ahorrar son la educación, el futuro y las emergencias, siendo las madres quienes mayor influencia tienen en este hábito. Participar en las cajas visibiliza a los niños y niñas en la localidad y los inicia en la inclusión social y financiera.

  20. Energy saving using solar filters with iron base in windows; Ahorro de energia usando filtros solares con base en hierro en ventanas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chavez Galan, Jesus

    2003-07-01

    termico generado al interior de las edificaciones por las inadecuadas propiedades de los materiales de construccion, se desarrollaron en este trabajo filtros solares con base en hierro por medio de los cuales se logra un control selectivo de la radiacion solar que se transmite a traves de las ventanas. Estos filtros solares consisten en peliculas delgadas de FeO depositadas sobre sustratos de vidrio cal-sosa (el mas usado en nuestro pais para las edificaciones) de 600x300x3 mm, por medio de la tecnica de sputtering asistida con radiofrecuencia y magnetrones planos, partiendo de un blanco de hierro puro de 127x254 mm y usando un plasma de argon. Para obtener el grado de oxidacion deseado en el hierro, pequenas muestras (45 x 22 mm) fueron sometidas a un proceso de calentamiento en una atmosfera reductora constituida de 50% H{sub 2} + 50% N{sub 2}, durante un periodo de tiempo de 10 minutos a una temperatura de 400 C. Los filtros solares con base en FeO presentan una transmisividad de 30.2% para el intervalo visible del espectro electromagnetico (radiacion con longitud de onda de 380-780 nm), y de 39.9% para el infrarrojo cercano (radiacion con longitud de onda de 780-2500 nm); mientras que su reflectividad es de 17.5 y 19%, para los intervalos visibles e infrarrojo cercano del espectro electromagnetico respectivamente. Se realizo una simulacion, a traves del software Energy 10, del comportamiento energetico de una casa-habitacion cuando utilizan en las ventanas vidrios simples (una lamina) tipo cal-sosa, asi como tambien cuando esta misma edificacion usa en las ventanas los filtros solares con base en FeO desarrollados. Ambos casos se comparan obteniendose asi los posibles ahorros de energia por el uso de dichos filtros solares en las ventanas. Las simulaciones fueron llevadas a cabo para diferentes localidades del pais, obteniendose que los filtros solares con base en FeO desarrollados, permiten ahorros de energia principalmente por concepto de acondicionamiento de aire

  1. The technical-economic potential of thermal energy saving in hospitals; El potencial tecnico-economico de ahorro de energia termica en hospitales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herrera, A. [Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico); Islas, J [Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico); Arriola, A. [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico)

    2001-07-01

    cantidad representa un porcentaje importante de los gastos totales del hospital (29.367 millones de dolares) es importante determinar posibilidades tecnico - economicas de ahorro de energia termica del hospital. El HGZ N 1 - IMSS Ags. Esta ubicado en un conjunto mas amplio en donde se localizan las unidades del IMSS, tales como, la lavanderia regional, la unidad deportiva, el centro de seguridad social, la unidad de medicina familiar N 1 y el hospital. Sin embargo a partir de las instalaciones electricas y de suministro de vapor y agua caliente del hospital se distribuyen los fluidos electricos y termicos de todo este conjunto. Debido a esta situacion, en este trabajo nos referiremos al consumo global del conjunto del IMSS de Aguascalientes en donde el hospital es el principal consumidor de energia termica. En el presente trabajo calcularemos el potencial tecnico - economico de ahorro de energia termica del conjunto del IMSS a traves de la tecnica termodinamica de punto de pliegue o tecnica pinch.

  2. Energy saving in hotels by means of heat pumps application; Ahorro de energia en hoteles mediante la aplicacion de bombas de calor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero Paredes R, Hernando; Ambriz G, Juan Jose [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Unidad Iztapalapa (Mexico)

    2005-07-15

    The thermal energy is presented as an alternate saving technology for utilities by means of the acute implementation of heat pumps. The objective is to demonstrate the technical and economical feasibility of the application of commercial heat pumps to installations where the handling of opposite temperatures for the conditioning of a space and/or of a fluid is required. In this article it is described the functioning of a heat pump, its different operation principles or types as well as the large diversity of applications they can have in industry, utilities and residential buildings. As an application example the substitution of an electric boiler by a heat pump is presented in a hotel installation and its differences in performance regarding the environmental conditioning of a nearby area and the heating of swimming pool water are analyzed. [Spanish] Se presenta la energia termica como una tecnologia de ahorro alterna para empresas de servicios valiendose de la implementacion agudizada de bombas de calor. El objetivo es demostrar la factibilidad tecnica y economica de la aplicacion de bombas de calor comerciales a instalaciones donde se requiere la manipulacion de temperaturas opuestas para el acondicionamiento de un espacio y/o un fluido. Se describe el funcionamiento de una bomba de calor, sus diferentes principios de operacion o tipos, asi como la gran diversidad de aplicaciones que pueden tener en la industria, empresas de servicios y edificios residenciales. Como ejemplo de aplicacion se presenta la sustitucion de una caldera electrica por una bomba de calor en una instalacion hotelera y sus diferencias de rendimiento en el calentamiento de agua de alberca y el acondicionamiento ambiental de un area cercana.

  3. Energy saving avoiding the centrifugal motor-compressors air vents discharge to the surrounding atmosphere; Ahorro de energia evitando venteo de aire a la atmosfera en motocompresores centrifugos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serrano, Alex [Compressor Controls Corporation, Houston, TX (United States)

    1996-12-31

    The motor-compressors are a key part of the industrial processes. The reliability and efficient operation of a compressor is critical. The surge phenomenon is a threat in the reliability of a compressor and therefore for the process. Surge, in a centrifugal compressor is defined as a dramatic flow and pressure drop, including back-flow. This is always a significant process disturbance. Continuous surge results into costly process shutdowns and mechanical damages. To prevent surge, and control the discharge pressure with simple or obsolete controls it is needed to vent air to the surrounding atmosphere. This form of control is very inefficient and costly. An advanced control with leading technology, besides providing an economical value preventing surge damages, offers substantial energy saving reducing or eliminating the venting of air to the atmosphere. [Espanol] Los motocompresores son un aparte clave de los procesos industriales. La confiable y eficiente operacion de un compresor es critica. El fenomeno de surge es una amenaza a la confiabilidad de un compresor y por lo tanto del proceso. El surge en un compresor centrifugo es definido como una dramatica caida de flujo y presion, incluyendo flujo inverso. Esto es siempre un significante disturbio del proceso. El surge continuo resulta en costosos paros de proceso y danos mecanicos. Para prevenir el surge y controlar la presion de descarga con controles simples u obsoletos, es necesario ventear aire a la atmosfera. Esta forma de control es muy ineficiente y costosa. Un control avanzado con tecnologia de punta ademas de proveer valor economico previniendo danos por surge, provee sustanciales ahorros de energia reduciendo o eliminando el venteo de aire a la atmosfera.

  4. Los Sistemas de Transferencia Interna de Fondos: Su Aplicación en las Cajas de Ahorros y en las Cajas Rurales españolas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Ibarrondo Dávila

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available El entorno competitivo de las entidades de depósito ha sufrido fuertes cambios durante las dos últimas décadas, y en la actualidad se caracteriza por una fuerte rivalidad entre las empresas del sector. En este contexto, las entidades bancarias deben dotarse de sistemas de información ágiles y flexibles que les permitan dar respuesta a las nuevas necesidades gerenciales y a las actuales exigencias de la dirección estratégica. Desde esta perspectiva, en el presente trabajo se estudian las características de los distintos sistemas de transferencia interna de fondos aplicables en las entidades bancarias, procediendo a un análisis comparativo de los mismos, y, posteriormente, se presentan los principales rasgos que caracterizan a los sistemas de transferencia de fondos correspondientes a las cajas de ahorros y a las cajas rurales, a partir de los resultados obtenidos de una encuesta realizada en dichas entidades. The competitive environment of monetary financial institutions has undergone great changes over the last two decades, and at present is characterized by strong competition among the companies of the sector. In this context, the monetory financial institutions should be endowed with agile and flexible information systems that allow them to respond to the new managerial necessities and the current demands of Strategic Management. Thus, in this paper, first we analyse the characteristics of the different funds-tranfer- pricing methods applicable in the banks and go on to carry out a comparative analysis of the former. Secondly, we present the main features that characterize the funds-transfer-pricing methods in Spanish Savings Banks and Spanish Rural Banks, based on the results obtained from a survey carried out among these companies.

  5. La Función de la Auditoría Interna en las Cajas de Ahorros Españolas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horacio Molina Sánchez

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Hoy día la función de auditoría interna es clave en el esquema de gobierno corporativo de las entidades financieras. Esta investigación tiene dos objetivos. En primer lugar, pretendemos describir el grado de cumplimiento de las recomendaciones del Comité de Basilea por parte de las cajas de ahorros españolas en un momento anterior a la regulación de aspectos sustanciales del gobierno de estas entidades (como por ejemplo, la figura del comité de auditoría por parte de la Ley Financiera. En segundo lugar, identificamos las diferencias existentes entre las entidades atendiendo a su dimensión. El método empleado ha sido una encuesta a las entidades, obteniéndose respuesta de 42 de las 47 entidades. Los resultados obtenidos presentan la situación de los departamentos de auditoría interna y confirman que, en un número significativo de aspectos, la dimensión de las entidades influye en el grado de implantación de los estándares emitidos por el Comité de Basilea.Nowadays, the internal audit function is critical in the corporate governance framework of financial institutions. Our research’s objective has to objectives. First, we try to describe the implementation level of Basle Committee’s recommendations in the Spanish saving banks before an important regulation over corporate governance has been issued in Spain (for instance, the figure of audit committee through the Financial Law. Second, we assess the differences between entities considering their dimmension. We have carried out a survey to saving banks, obtaining a response from 42 out of 47 entities. Our results show the situation of internal audit departments and confirm that, in a significative number of cases, entities’ dimmension affects the level of implementation of the Basel Committee’s standards.

  6. Energy saving program in an operating potable water and sanitation organism; Programa de ahorro de energia en un organismo operador de agua potable y saneamiento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flores Cruz, Juan Jose [Fideicomiso para el Ahorro de la Energia Electrica, (Mexico)

    2001-03-01

    For the achievement of the objectives it was decided to use, among others, the following strategies: Personnel training, increase of the efficiency of the electromechanical equipment, study of Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) tariffs, correction of low power factors, increase of load factors, operation automate, regulation of the operation times, preventive maintenance of the equipment, establishment of technical standards, rational and efficient use of air conditioning equipment and illumination. So that these actions were applied in an easy and opportune form, it was established that within the structure of the General Coordination of Foreign Municipalities, the Program of Energy Saving depended directly of the Technical Management of CFE. In this way, the recommendations are first put under consideration of high-level officers, and then are lowered to the operative departments. [Spanish] Para el logro de los objetivos se acordo utilizar, entre otras, las siguientes estrategias: capacitacion del personal; aumentar la eficiencia de los equipos electromecanicos; estudio de tarifas de la Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE); correccion de bajos factores de potencia; aumento de los factores de carga; automatizar la operacion; regular de los tiempos de operacion; mantenimiento preventivo a los equipos; establecimiento de normas tecnicas; uso racional y eficiente de aire acondicionado e iluminacion. Para que estas acciones se aplicaran en forma agil y oportuna, se establecio que dentro de la estructura de la Coordinacion General de Municipios Foraneos, el Programa de Ahorro de Energia dependiera directamente de la Gerencia Tecnica de la CRE. De esta forma, las recomendaciones primero se someten a consideracion de los funcionarios de alto nivel, y luego bajan a los departamentos operativos.

  7. Conclusiones de las Ponencias y Debates del Coloquio Internacional sobre Ahorro de Energía celebrado en Budapest, organizado por la Sección Húngara de la Europrefab

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aguirre de Iraola, Fernando

    1980-03-01

    Full Text Available Durante los días 10 y 11 de abril, el doctor Arquitecto F. Aguirre, director del ITEcc, estvuo en Budapest para presidir el Coloquio Internacional sobre «Ahorro de energía en la edificación», que había sido organizado por la sociedad europea para la promoción de la industrialización de la construcción, (EUROPREFAB, de la cual el profesor Aguirre es presidente.

  8. Evaluation of energy saving in pilot projects of window type air conditioning equipment in the domestic sector; Evaluacion del ahorro de energia en proyectos pilotos en equipos de aire acondicionado tipo ventana en el sector domestico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duran Ramirez, Ricardo [Comision Nacional para el Ahorro de Energia, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    2001-07-01

    The present work shows the energy saving when replacing low efficiency window type air conditioning equipment, for higher efficiency equipment, as well as the necessary parameters to identify the results obtained by the pilot projects of substitution of conventional equipment for other more efficient in the domestic sector. [Spanish] El presente trabajo muestra los ahorros de energia al sustituir equipos de aire acondicionado tipo ventana de baja eficiencia, por equipos de mayor eficiencia, asi como los parametros necesarios para identificar los resultados obtenidos, por los proyectos pilotos de sustitucion de equipos convencionales por otros mas eficientes en el sector domestico.

  9. The use of reflecting paints on building`s roofs for energy saving; Uso de pinturas reflejantes en los techos de las edificaciones para el ahorro de energia electrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valera Negrete, Jose Adrian [Programa de Ahorro de Energia del Sector Electrico (PAESE), Comision Federal de Electricidad, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico); Sanchez Soto, Ramon [Facultad de Ingenieria, Departamento de Termoenergia de la UNAM, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1998-12-31

    This paper shows the effects of the use of reflecting paints in different colors on the buildings roofs and the results in energy saving obtained in a field test carried on in Monterrey, Nuevo Leon State of Mexico using aluminum paint. [Espanol] El presente trabajo muestra los efectos del uso de pinturas reflejantes de diferentes colores en los techos de edificaciones, y los resultados de ahorro de energia electrica obtenidos en una prueba de campo efectuada en Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico, utilizando pintura de aluminio.

  10. Bancos Cooperativos y Sociedades de Ahorro y Crédito en El Salvador: modelo de supervisión prudencial y análisis empírico del coeficiente de solvencia

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández, Ana Verónica

    2013-01-01

    Estudio bibliográfico empírico, con el que se presenta una propuesta de supervisión para la superintendencia financiera de El Salvador, que incluye requisitos mínimos a considerar por el auditor, tomando como base Basilea II, III y siguiendo el Modelo OSFI de Canadá. Además se presenta un estudio empírico sobre los determinantes del coeficiente patrimonial en bancos cooperativos y sociedades de ahorro y crédito de El Salvador. Economía Financiera y Contabilidad Máster en Investigación ...

  11. Diseño de un modelo de gestión basado en responsabilidad social para el manejo de riesgos en cooperativas de ahorro y crédito

    OpenAIRE

    Proaño Castillo, Jenny Catalina

    2015-01-01

    1. Introducción.-- 2. Planteamiento de la Propuesta de Trabajo.-- 3. Marco Teórico.-- 4. Metodología.-- 5. Resultados.-- 6. Conclusiones y Recomendaciones El presente trabajo es el diseño de un modelo de gestión basado en responsabilidad social para el manejo de riesgos para uso de Cooperativas de Ahorro y Crédito, apoyado en la necesidad de que las Cooperativas gestionen su accionar administrativo financiero fundamentado en principios éticos y socialmente responsables e implementen mecani...

  12. Examen de auditoría integral al área de Recursos Humanos de la Cooperativa de Ahorro y Crédito El Sagrario Ltda. , correspondiente al periódo 01 de enero al 31 de diciembre 2012

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    El presente trabajo, se desarrolla en la Cooperativa de Ahorro y Crédito El Sagrario Ltda., específicamente en el proceso de Talento Humano que involucra: actividades de selección, administración de nómina, capacitación y desvinculación. El objetivo principal, será el realizar un examen de auditoría integral al proceso de Talento Humano de la Cooperativa de Ahorro y Crédito El Sagrario Ltda., correspondiente al periodo 01 de Enero al 31 de Diciembre 2012. Para el desarrollo del examen ...

  13. Geomaterials and architecture of the medieval monuments of Sardinia (Italy): petrophysical investigations on their construction materials and documentation on the architectonic aspects using digital technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Columbu, Stefano; Verdiani, Giorgio

    2015-04-01

    connected to some Cultural Heritage element; this allowed to compare differences in recent substituted capitals, important reconstruction events, signs of the evolution of the building. All data were then treated and analysed to deepen the knowledge about the most meaningful aspects of different construction techniques and use of materials, provenance of raw materials, stone alterations and static-structure decay. As the result, a base was created to read common behaviours, design choices, recursive constructive solutions, and the "models" guiding the ancient intentions. A great effort has been made to keep together all these different kind of data, from the chemical and petrophysical information on the geomaterials to the geometrical description of the building, creating a robust relationship between the architectural and geological approach to the subject. The very specific photogrammetric survey of the stones sampled will be presented in details with a clear description of the applied processing and of the reached results. This contribution will present the progress state of this research, together with some widening about the most important churches between the investigated group, like: St. Saturnino in Cagliari (South Sardinia), St. Trinità of Saccargia (near Sassari, North), St. Antioco of Bisarcio in Ozieri (North-central), St. Giusta (near Oristano, central-Western). Keywords: Petrographic characterization, Physical properties, Medieval architecture, Laser scan, Digital survey

  14. La financiación de las oligarquías provinciales en el apogeo y crisis del negocio inmobiliario en España: una reflexión sociológica sobre las cajas de ahorros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Rodríguez Acevedo

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available El hundimiento, en el contexto de la crisis internacional del capitalismo, del modelo económico basado en el “ladrillo” y la especulación urbanística −además de en el turismo− ha puesto sobre la mesa el problema de las cajas de ahorros. En este artículo se repasa el papel destacado que estas peculiares entidades financieras han venido jugado en la financiación del boom inmobiliario de las últimas décadas en España. Creemos que no se puede llegar al fondo del asunto sin comprender la naturaleza histórica de unas fragmentadas oligarquías económicas y políticas de ámbito provincial y local, lideradas por promotores y grandes propietarios del suelo rústico y urbano, que han encontrado en las cajas de ahorros una privilegiada forma de financiación para los turbios y particulares negocios en los que se ha basado el tan alabado milagro económico español.

  15. Análisis de la relación entre los resultados sociales y económicos de las cajas de ahorros españolas: un caso de responsabilidad social corporativa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Cabeza-García

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available La obra social constituye uno de los ámbitos de aplicación de la responsabilidad social corporativa (RSC en el contexto de las cajas de ahorros. Por ello, a partir del marco teórico que explica la naturaleza de la relación entre la realización de actividades de índole social y los resultados financieros, el objetivo de este trabajo es analizar el efecto de la inversión en obra social sobre la performance de las cajas españolas. Tras aplicar un modelo dinámico de datos de panel (GMM los hallazgos encontrados sugieren, una vez controlado el problema de endogeneidad, una influencia negativa y significativa sobre el nivel de rentabilidad, tanto económica como financiera. Por tanto, nuestros resultados avalan la hipótesis del trade off en el sub-sector financiero de las cajas de ahorros españolas

  16. Electric power saving in the drinkable water, sewage and sanitation system, La Piedad; Ahorro de energia electrica en el sistema de agua potable, alcantarillado y saneamiento de La Piedad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sistema de Agua Potable, Alcantarillado y Saneamiento de la Piedad (Mexico). E-mail: sapaslapiedad@prodigy.net.mx

    2006-04-15

    In Michoacan, Mexico, a project who seeks to benefice the Municipal public resources was crated in 1994. It would be achieved trough the electric power saving in the public lighting system, and drinkable water pumping and black water, since those activities required the budget biggest part. The program could be developed recently and the saving was significant. In addition the electromechanical efficiency increased in the equipment installation. This work is an example for other States to do something similar that can improve their conditions. [Spanish] En el estado de Michoacan, Mexico se creo un proyecto en el ano de 1994, el cual buscaba beneficiar los recursos publicos municipales, a traves del ahorro de la energia electrica en los sistemas de alumbrado publico y bombeo de agua potable y aguas negras, ya que estas actividades son las que requieren la mayor parte del presupuesto. El programa pudo llevarse a cabo en anos recientes y el ahorro fue significativo, ademas de que aumento la eficiencia electromecanica en los equipos que se instalaron, y esta obra ha servido de ejemplo a otros estados para que realicen algo similar que pueda mejorar su situacion.

  17. Catalysis as a tool for energy conservation in the refinery industry; Catalisis como herramienta de ahorro de energia en la industria de la refinacion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castillo, S.; Moran-Pineda, M. [Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico); Bazan, G.; Gonzalez, L.; Barrios, H. [Pemex-Refinacion, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1996-12-31

    The catalysis, defined by the alchemists since its appearance, as that something or Philosophical Stone, with a special power to transform matter by means of the energy, has always represented a challenge to mankind, even more now, when most of the goods needed for its survival are related to a chemical process and nowadays, when they can not be imagined without the presence of a catalyzer. In the reciprocity between the chemical change and the catalyzer, the energy utilized represents the critical point. Once stated the above, it becomes interesting the study of the impact and the consequence of the binomial catalysis-energy in relation to the fuel recovery processes and the emission control processes, originated by its combustion, where the main objective is in establishing an analysis criterion for energy conservation with different trends; the first one, on the impact of the application of optimum catalytic systems in the fuel recovery processes and the second one on the optimum catalytic processes for emissions control. [Espanol] La catalisis desde su aparicion definida por los alquimistas como ese algo o piedra filosofal, con una fuerza especial para la transformacion de la materia mediante la energia, siempre ha representado un reto para el hombre, mas aun en la actualidad donde la mayoria de los bienes necesarios para su supervivencia estan relacionados con un proceso quimico y que hoy en dia no se conciben estos sin la presencia de un catalizador. En la reciprocidad entre el cambio quimico y el catalizador, la energia utilizada representa el punto critico. Dado lo anterior, resulta interesante el estudio del impacto y trascendencia del binomio catalisis-energia en relacion con los procesos para la obtencion de los combustibles y de los procesos para el control de emisiones, producto de la combustion de los mismos, donde el objetivo primordial esta en establecer un criterio de analisis de ahorro de energia con diferentes directrices; la primera, el impacto

  18. Cuestiones actuales del régimen jurídico-administrativo de las Cajas de ahorros españolas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Belén Casares Marcos

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Las reformas legislativas que han afectado en los últimos tiempos a la organización y el funcionamiento del sistema financiero español han tenido una especial repercusión en el ámbito de las cajas de ahorros. La tramitación parlamentaria de la Ley 44/2002, de 22 de noviembre, de Medidas de Reforma del Sistema Fianciero, reavivó el debate sobre su régimen jurídico y la necesidad de acotar la intervención pública en su seno. Ahonda en ello la Ley 26/2003 , de 17 de julio, de Transparencia, que extiende al ámbito de las cajas la preocupación por el corporate governance. Ambas normas responden a la necesidad de dar respuesta a algunos de los problemas más inmediatos a que se enfrentan estas entidades, si bien adolecen de un defecto fundamental por cuanto no abordan de forma exhaustiva la regulación de la institución. Se perpetúa así la trayectoria tradicional de "parcheo" del régimen jurídico aplicable a las mismas, evitando entrar en la cuestión esencial de la definición de su naturaleza jurídica y abocando a las cajas, en consecuencia, al díficil reto de acompasar su vocación social tradicional a las nuevas exigencias legales en pro de una mayor eficiencia, racionalidad y neutralidad de su acitividad económica.Recent legal changes pertaining to the organization and performance of the Spanish financial system have had significant repercussions on the savings banks sector. The law on financial market reform passed in 2002, Ley Financiera, raised once again the debate on their legal situation and the urge to cut down public influence on their management. The 2003 Transparency Law, Ley de Transparencia, follows this reform and extends corporate governance to Spanish savings banks. Both Laws seek to confront some of the most important issues raised by these credit institutions, but they also share the flaw of not regulating its legal framework and status completely. They continue, therefore, to add "patches" to the savings

  19. Importance of the harmonics in the lighting systems for the electric energy saving; Importancia de las armonicas en el sistema de iluminacion para el ahorro de energia electrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garibay Mendoza, V. [Lumisistemas, departamento de aseguramineto de calidad, Naucalpan (Mexico); Hernandez Bernal, J. M. [UNICORP, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1995-12-31

    In a lighting system the discharge lamps (fluorescent and high intensity discharge (HID)), ballast and controls are generating elements of harmonics. As a consequence of the tendency of saving energy, the use of electronic ballasts and controls that integrate dimmers, daylight and present sensors has increased in order to optimize the energy use. This paper presents the harmonics generation resulting from the fluorescent lamps operating different electronic ballasts as well as their electronic controls. Likewise, are also shown the effects caused by generation of harmonics components by the lighting system in the electric system that go from the voltage and current distortion, the presence of currents in the neutral conductor in balanced systems to the repercussions in the metering equipment such as watthour meters and the effects the lighting equipment suffer due to the presence of harmonics, such as the power factor decrease in ballasts that are of high power factor and the temperature increment in the magnetic type ballasts. [Espanol] Dentro de un sistema de iluminacion, las lamparas de descarga (fluorescentes y alta intensidad de descarga {sup H}ID{sup )}, balastros y los controles son elementos generadores de armonicas. A consecuencia de la tendencia al ahorro de energia se ha incrementado el uso de balastros electronicos y controles que integran atenuadores de luz (dimmers), sensores de luz natural y de presencia con el fin de optimizar el uso de la energia. Este trabajo presenta los resultados de generacion de armonicas para lamparas fluorescentes, operando diferentes balastros electronicos asi como con controles electronicos. Asi mismo son presentados los efectos causados por la generacion de componentes armonicas por el sistema de iluminacion dentro del sistema electrico que van desde la distorsion en voltaje y corriente, la presencia de corrientes dentro del conductor neutro en sistemas balanceados, asi como la repercusion en los equipos de medicion tales

  20. Introduction: Towards a new architectonic critique

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buijs, G.J.; Jongeneel, R.

    2013-01-01

    8-9 January 2013 at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, a seminar took place bringing together people from various parts of the world, various disciplines, and various academic and non-academic professions — philosophers, economists, theologians, historians, social scientists as well as bankers, busin

  1. Edificio de la Comunidad Federal de Ahorros y Préstamos - Des Peres – Missouri, (EE. UU.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hellmuth, George

    1978-12-01

    Full Text Available This building is remarkable for the dynamicity of its masses arranged both horizontally and vertically on the basis of 9.15 m square modules. Its almost 28,000 m2 built up area is distributed in ten floors of gradually less surface as they go up from the first floor to the summit, creating an irregular stepped design providing numerous terraces, a rarity in this type of buildings. The ground level is the bank's public area and services, while the remaining levels are used for offices.

    El edificio destaca por el dinamismo de sus volúmenes, dispuestos con arreglo a un módulo de 9,15 x 9,15 m, tanto vertical como horizontalmente. Sus casi 28.000 m2 de edificabilidad se distribuyen en diez plantas que reducen gradualmente su superficie, desde la primera a la última, con el fin de crear un escalonamiento irregular, como consecuencia del cual surgen numerosas terrazas, poco corrientes en edificios de este tipo. La planta primera se destina a los servicios públicos del Banco, reservándose las restantes para las oficinas de la comunidad.

  2. Electric energy saving using natural illumination, in educational spaces; Ahorro de energia electrica utilizando iluminacion natural, en espacios educativos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alpuche, Maria G; Marincic, Irene; Ochoa, Jose M [Programa de Arquitectura, Universidad de Sonora (Mexico)

    2008-07-15

    In this article the natural illumination in a space pertaining to the building of Architecture of the University of Sonora, in the city of Hermosillo is analyzed, Located towards the Northeast facade. This same space is repeated in the South facade, and paradoxically the space has the same dimensions and the same luminance design. Also the simulation of natural illumination by means of the Ecotec program is realized, and the levels of natural illumination in educational spaces, corresponding to the facilities of the University of Sonora are analyzed, where most of the year there is a completely clear sky. [Spanish] En este articulo se analiza la iluminacion natural en un espacio correspondiente al edificio de Arquitectura de la Universidad de sonora, en la ciudad de Hermosillo, Ubicado hacia la fachada Noreste. Este mismo espacio se repite en la fachada Sur, y el espacio tienen las mismas dimensiones y paradojicamente, el mismo diseno luminico. Tambien se realiza la simulacion de iluminacion natural mediante el programa Ecotec, y se analizan los niveles de iluminacion natural en espacios educativos, correspondientes a las instalaciones de la Universidad de Sonora, donde la mayor parte del ano se cuenta con un cielo completamente despejado.

  3. Estrategia de ahorro energético del IES Bellulla a través de Revit y DesignBuilder

    OpenAIRE

    Medina Caballero, Wilson Jaime

    2015-01-01

    El siguiente Proyecto Final de Grado trata sobre la realización de una Auditoria Energética del IES Bellulla, el cual es un centro docente de la población de Canovelles, que imparte Educación Secundaria Obligatoria (ESO) y Bachillerato. Dicha escuela contiene dos zonas diferenciadas por su uso de manera genérica, aunque en las dos se imparten clases, a la primera se le llamará “Zona de Aulas” y a la otra “Zona del Pabellón” (Tal como se aprecia en la imagen 2.1.1.3). Decidí ...

  4. Technical and economical assessment of the options for energy saving in the library of the Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Azcapotzalco; Evaluacion tecnico economica de opciones para el ahorro de energia en la biblioteca de la Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Azcapotzalco

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bratu, N.; Campero, E.; Dorantes, R.; Fuentes, V.; Figueroa, A.; Garcia, R.; Zekkour, A. [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Azcapotzalco, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1993-12-31

    This paper presents a diagnosis of the electrical energy consumption in the library of the Azcapotzalco Unit of the Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, to determine the actions that can be implemented for energy conservation. This without disturbing the lighting and thermal comfort. The analysis showed that, by changing the reflecting surfaces of the lighting lamps, the number of units can be reduced, without lowering the illumination level below the recommended values. The saving was estimated for replacement of the fluorescent lamps for others of metallic halogenides in the areas where the ceiling is high; for the installation of switches to improve the selectivity in turning on and turning off the lamps, achieving this way a better usage of the natural light; for the reduction of the electric load of the air conditioning units which will be obtained in incorporating induced draft shafts; and for an improvement in the electric and ballast installation. For the actions that turned out to be redeemable in three years the assistance of the Fideicomiso de Apoyo al Programa de Ahorro de Energia del Sector Electrico (FIDE) of the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) has been available. It is expected that the execution of the modifications will be carried out in the November and December months of 1993, and the results will be evaluated in 1994. [Espanol] En este trabajo se presenta un diagnostico del consumo de energia electrica en la biblioteca de la Unidad Azcapotzalco de la Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana para determinar las acciones que se pueden llevar a cabo para ahorrar energia electrica. Esto sin deteriorar el confort luminico y termico. El analisis mostro que, cambiando las superficies reflectoras de las luminarias, se puede reducir el numero de lamparas, sin que el nivel de iluminacion quede debajo de los valores recomendados. Se estimaron ahorros: por la sustitucion de las lamparas fluorescentes por otras de halogenuros metalicos en las partes donde el

  5. Las Cajas de Ahorros en España durante el Régimen de Franco y la Transición Democrática : Su importancia en la economía regional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Javier Coronas Vida

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo analizaremos las conexiones entre el desarrollo regional y la evolución de las cajas de ahorros, a partir del PIB regional per cápita y los depósitos en las cajas de ahorros, agrupados por regiones. El PIB real per cápita creció rápidamente en todas las regiones desde 1959 (el segundo franquismo. Aunque el crecimiento de las regiones pobres fue más fuerte que el de las ricas, en 1980 el PIB per cápita de las pobres no alcanzaba el 59% del correspondiente a las ricas (pero en 1945 era sólo el 43%. Los depósitos per cápita en las cajas de ahorros de las regiones pobres eran extremadamente reducidos en 1945 (sólo el 8% del dato correspondiente a las ricas; sin embargo en 1980 había alcanzado el 40%. El crecimiento de los depósitos en las regiones pobres fue acompañado por un crecimiento de la población débil (11% entre 1945 y 1980; por otra parte, el crecimiento demográfico en las regiones ricas alcanzó el 127%.In this paper we will analyse connections between regional development and the Savings Banks evolution in Spain, attending to regional GDP, per capita, and Savings Banks deposits accounts, gathered together by regions. Real GDP per capita, in all Spanish regions, increased quickly since 1959 (the 2nd Franco's era. Although, poor regions growth was stronger than that of the rich ones, in 1980, GDP per capita in poor regions didn't reach up to 59% of rich ones (even though in 1945 was only 43%.Savings Banks deposits per capita in poor regions were extremely short in 1945 (only 8% of the rich ones; nevertheless, in 1980 they reached 40%. Deposit increase in poor regions was also accompanied by a short population growth (11% between 1945 and 1980; on the other hand, demographic development in rich regions reached 127%.

  6. Environmental psychology in the bioclimatic design; La psicologia ambiental en el diseno bioclimatico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cubillas Talamante, Lorena Gpe [Facultad de Arquitectura, Universidad Autonoma de Baja California, Mexicali, Baja California (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    The bioclimatic design profits of the natural resources for the improvement of the construction quality as well as the user's life. The combination of these two concepts within the architectonic design generates an interesting duality to consider within the understanding of the user's physical and psychological environment and the obtaining of a correlation of reality and dreams. Environmental psychology is focused on the researching of the psychological effects of the architectonic environment on the human experience and behavior. Human behavior works under parameters established during its development. Through the habits and styles of life practiced in childhood those parameters establish themselves to later on obtain satisfiers in the search of the life quality of human beings. [Spanish] El diseno bioclimatico aprovecha los recursos naturales para el mejoramiento de la calidad de la construccion y vida del usuario. La combinacion de estos dos conceptos dentro del diseno arquitectonico, genera dualidad interesante de entender el medio ambiente fisico y psicologico de los usuarios y obtener una identificacion entre la realidad y los suenos. La psicologia ambiental se ha enfocado a investigar sobre la relacion de los efectos psicologicos del ambiente construido o arquitectonico sobre la conducta y la experiencia humana. La conducta humana trabaja bajo parametros establecidos durante el desarrollo del mismo, a traves de los habitos y estilos de vida desde su infancia van marcando esos parametros que despues sirven para lograr satisfactores en la busqueda de la calidad de vida de los seres humanos.

  7. Opportunities for energy conservation detected in a diagnosis made for the smelting industry; Oportunidades de ahorro de energia detectadas en un diagnostico efectuado en la industria de la fundicion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramirez Bautista, Rolando; Magana Castro, Rogelio [Fideicomiso de Apoyo al Programa de Ahorro de Energia del Sector Electrico (FIDE), Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1993-12-31

    The smelting industry is one of the main industrial branches in the utilization of electric power at national level, for this reason an energy diagnosis was made in representative industries of this process in which excellent results were obtained regarding opportunity areas, with potentials ranging from 15% up to 40% of energy saving in relation to the energy consumption, with actions recoverable in less than 15 months. [Espanol] La industria de la fundicion es una de las principales ramas industriales en la utilizacion de la energia electrica a nivel nacional, por esta razon se realizo un diagnostico energetico en empresas representativas de este proceso y en las cuales se obtuvieron excelentes resultados en cuanto a areas de oportunidad, teniendo potenciales que van desde un 15% hasta un 40% de ahorro con relacion al consumo de energia, con medidas que se recuperan en menos de 15 meses.

  8. Energy saving in the auxiliaries consumption for circulation water pumps optimizing the thermal regime; Ahorro en el consumo de auxiliares por bombas de agua de circulacion optimando el regimen termico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Orozco Martinez, Roni [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)

    1998-12-31

    A methodology is proposed that should be followed in any thermal electric power plant to determine the load value at which a unit requires a second circulation water pump without affecting the thermal regime and avoiding an excessive auxiliaries consumption in partial loads. In applying this method the power plant would have an energy saving equivalent to the auxiliaries consumption during an hour, when the unit as operating at full load. [Espanol] Se propone una metodologia que debe seguirse en cualquier central termoelectrica para determinar el valor de la carga en la cual una unidad requiere de la segunda bomba de agua de circulacion sin afectar el regimen termico y evitadose un excesivo consumo de auxiliares en cargas parciales. Al aplicar este metodo la central tendria un ahorro de energia equivalente al consumo de auxiliares durante una hora cuando la unidad esta generando su maxima carga.

  9. Método integral para mejorar el diseño de columnas de destilación, a partir de conceptos de ahorro de energía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio Ponce Guerrero

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta una metodología para analizar esquemas de destilación y proponer modificaciones que signifiquen ahorros de energía, mediante el uso de curvas de entalpía-temperatura que relacionan la operación simulada con el caso de una operación ideal reversible, tal como lo proponen Dhole y Linhoff. Se hace una aplicación a una columna de destilación atmosférica de crudo, que presenta un arreglo complejo con pumparounds y extracciones laterales. El resultado de adicionar un pumparound muestra una reducción en los consumos de energía, del orden de 400 millones de BTU/día, comprobando la utilidad de los métodos de análisis de procesos que utilizan la simulación.

  10. Energy saving by means of air conditioning equipment replacement and the household application of thermal insulation; Ahorro de energia electrica por reemplazo de equipos de aire acondicionado y aplicacion de aislamiento termico en viviendas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peralta Solorio, Jose Luis [Fideicomiso para el Ahorro de la Energia (Mexico)

    2005-07-15

    An extension study of the Financing Program for Energy Saving looked for the evaluation of the electric energy saving potential obtained by the replacement of air conditioning equipment and the application of thermal insulation in 30 houses of two Mexican cities with warmth climate. In a joint effort with Comision Federal de Electricidad the consumption files of the users were analyzed and field measurements of electric demand and of refrigeration were made. As a following step the change of the refrigeration necessities derived from the application of thermal insulation were evaluated as well as the energy efficiency improvement obtained by the substitution of the air conditioning equipment and the favorable results obtained by the implementation of both measures - thermal insulation and change of air conditioning equipment in a joint form. This way, as a conclusion, the optimum sequence of application of these measures is revealed. [Spanish] Un estudio extension del Programa de Financiamiento para el Ahorro de Energia Electrica busco evaluar el potencial de ahorro de energia electrica alcanzado por el reemplazo de equipos de aire acondicionado y la aplicacion de aislamiento termico en 30 viviendas de dos ciudades mexicanas con clima calido. En un esfuerzo conjunto con la Comision Federal de Electricidad se analizaron los historiales de consumo de los usuarios y se efectuaron las mediciones de campo de demanda electrica y de refrigeracion. Como paso siguiente se valoro el cambio en las necesidades de refrigeracion derivado de la aplicacion de aislamiento termico al igual que la mejora en eficiencia energetica obtenida por la sustitucion de aire acondicionado y se identificaron los resultados favorecedores arrojados por la implementacion de ambas medidas -aislamiento termico y cambio de equipo de aire acondicionado- en forma conjunta. De esta manera, como conclusion, se devela la mas optima secuencia de aplicacion de estas medidas.

  11. Propuesta de un sistema de aprovechamiento de agua lluvia como alternativa para el ahorro de agua potable, en la institución educativa María Auxiliadora de Caldas, Antioquia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Palacio Castañeda Natalia

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available El aprovechamiento del agua lluvia es una práctica interesante, tanto ambiental como económicamente, si se tiene en cuenta la gran demanda del recurso sobre las cuencas hidrográficas, el alto grado de contaminación de las fuentes superficiales y los elevados costos por el consumo de agua potable en una institución educativa. Este proyecto presenta la ingeniería conceptual de una propuesta de diseño de un si stema de aprovechamiento de agua lluvia como alternativa para el ahorro de agua potable en usos tales como la descarga de sanitarios, el lavado de zonas comunes, entre otros. Se presenta, adicionalmente, un análisis aproximado de la viabilidad técnica y económica de dicho aprovechamiento en una institución educativa del municipio de Caldas, Antioquia. Se desarrollan en este documento tres aspectos principales: el cálculo de los volúmenes disponibles de agua lluvia en la zona, la evaluación del volumen de agua potable ahorrado con el aprovechamiento del agua lluvia, la estimación del presupuesto para la construcción del sistema y la proyección del ahorro generado al utilizarlo. Los resultados sugieren que el aprovechamiento de agua lluvia es una opción técnicamente viable, pero financieramente no, pues la inversión inicial es alta, por lo que es importante buscar financiación externa para desarrollar este tipo de proyectos que representan una solución interesante para contribuir al desarrollo sostenible de la institución educativa.

  12. Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Volf, Mette

    This publication is unique in its demystification and operationalization of the complex and elusive nature of the design process. The publication portrays the designer’s daily work and the creative process, which the designer is a part of. Apart from displaying the designer’s work methods...... and design parameters, the publication shows examples from renowned Danish design firms. Through these examples the reader gets an insight into the designer’s reality....

  13. Results in energy saving obtained with the application of speed variator in fossil power stations; Resultados de ahorro de energia obtenidos con la aplicacion de variadores de velocidad en centrales termoelectricas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Merlos Rueda, Rosa Maria [Programa de Ahorro de Energia del Sector Electrico (PAESE), Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1999-07-01

    The project of installation of speed variator in fossil power stations (CT's) of Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE), as an energy saving measure, is a pilot project that began with the support of the Subdivision de Generacion, and promoted by the Energy Saving Program of the Electric Sector (PAESE), with the putting in operation of an equipment in the condensate pump of the Punta Prieta II C. T. U3. The energy saving observed was substantial, fluctuating between the 19.4% at high loads (at 90% load) and the 71.1% at low loads (at 40% load) of the generating unit. With these results, it was decided to extend the scope of the project with the installation of 6 more equipment for equal number of fossil power stations, located in 4 of the 5 Regions of Generation. The fossil power stations, selected for this stage of the project were: C. T. Felipe Carrillo Puerto U1, C.T. Lerma U4, C.T. Salamanca U1, C.T. Monterrey U6, C.T. Francisco Villa U3 and the C.T. Punta Prieta II-U1. The equipment was in operation during the first quarter of 1998, and the first results indicate an energy savings average per equipment, between 39% and 52%. The recovery of the investment fluctuates between the 48.4% and the 87.6% in less than two years of operation, with which a maximum period of recovery of 3 years is expected. The estimated potential of energy saving, considering the application of these devices in condensate pumps, feedwater pumps (where no speed variator is installed) forced draft fans, induced draft fans and gas recirculation fans, as well as circulation water pumps, of the existing Generating Power stations, ascends to an annual total of 830,000, which represents an approximate 9.4% of the National consumption of self services. [Spanish] El proyecto de instalacion de variadores de velocidad en Centrales Termoelectricas (CT's) de la Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE), como medida de ahorro de energia, es un proyecto piloto que se inicio con el apoyo de la

  14. Proceedings of the 24. National seminar on the rational use of energy and exposition of equipment and services and 7. Binational seminar on energy saving [Selected Papers]; 24. Seminario nacional sobre el uso racional de energia y exposicion de equipos y servicios y 7. Seminario binacional de ahorro de energia. Memoria Tecnica. [Ponencias seleccionadas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document contains the technical briefings of the 24. National Seminar on the rational use of energy, and exhibition of the equipment and services and the 7. Binational seminar on energy saving, organized by the Asociacion de Profesionistas y Tecnicos en Aplicacion Energetica (ATPAE), in Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, Mexico, from November 9 to 11, 2005. This seminar dealt with subjects such as: electrical energy saving, energy distribution, solar energy, energy saving in compressed air, biomass, administration and control of the demand of the electrical energy, bioclimatic architecture, use of the compressed natural gas, renewable energy, co-generation, qualification and consultancy for the intelligent use of the energy in PyMES. [Spanish] Este documento contiene la memoria tecnica del 24 Seminario Nacional sobre el uso racional de energia, y exposicion de los equipos y servicios y el 7 Seminario binacional de ahorro de energia, organizado por la Asociacion de Tecnicos y Profesionistas en Aplicacion Energetica (ATPAE), en Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, Mexico, del 9 al 11 de noviembre del 2005. Este seminario trato temas tales como: ahorro de energia electrica, distribucion de la energia, energia solar, ahorro de energia en aire comprimido, biomasa, administracion y control de la demanda de la energia electrica, arquitectura bioclimatica, uso del gas natural comprimido, energia renovable, cogeneracion, capacitacion y consultoria para el uso inteligente de la energia en las Pymes.

  15. GOBERNANZA MULTIFIDUCIARIA DE STAKEHOLDERS: ANÁLISIS COMPARADO DE LA EFICIENCIA DE BANCOS Y CAJAS DE AHORROS. / MULTIFIDUCIARY GOVERNANCE OF STAKEHOLDERS: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE EFFICIENCY OF BANKS AND SAVING BANKS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Luis RETOLAZA

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Las cajas de ahorros Españolas son posiblemente el caso más significativo a nivel mundial de entidades multistakeholders, no sólo por su misión, sino también en su gobernanza. La teoría multifiduciaria de los stakeholders plantea, al menos de forma teórica lo que en las cajas de ahorros ha sido una realidad por más de un siglo. Así, las cajas se convierten en un “caso de laboratorio” para analizar la viabilidad e idoneidad de una gobernanza participada por el conjunto de stakeholders de la organización. Nuestra hipótesis es que la gobernanza multistakeholder, así como la orientación hacia los stakeholders, generan un planteamiento estratégico diferente, no centrado en los beneficios. Por tanto, la gobernanza multifiduciaria puede perfectamente ser más ineficiente en relación con indicadores económico-financieros referidos a los shareholders de una entidad. Sin embargo, estas entidades deberían ser más eficientes si se tienen en cuenta indicadores relacionados con la generación de valor social. Con el fin de contrastar la eficiencia relativa hemos utilizando la población de bancos y cajas de España y los datos de 2009, utilizando la técnica de Análisis Envolvente de Datos con objeto de comparar la eficiencia económica, social y global de ambos tipos de entidades. Los resultados indican una diferenciación significativa entre estos dos grupos de entidades financieras en relación con la eficiencia social y económica, si bien no ocurre lo mismo cuando se utiliza la eficiencia global –económica más social-. Por lo que podemos concluir que la eficiencia en la gestión entre inputs y outputs en cajas de ahorros y bancos es similar. / Probably, Spanish savings banks are the most significant worldwide multistakeholders entities, not only because of their mission, but also in their governance. The stakeholder multifiduciary theory, establishes at least theoretically what the saving banks has been a reality for more than

  16. Ahorro energético en tándem de molinos de caña de azúcar mediante regulación de presiones hidráulicas//Energy saving in tandem of sugar cane mills by means regulation of hydraulic pressures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Michel Corrales‐Suárez

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Entre las áreas de mayor consumo de energía en un central azucarero se encuentra el tándem de molinos. Una de las variables que influye sobre este consumo es la presión hidráulica aplicada a la maza superior. La investigación tuvo como objetivo determinar las posibilidades de reducir este consumo regulandoapropiadamente las presiones hidráulicas sin disminuir la eficiencia del proceso de extracción, se llevó a cabo en un tándem de seis molinos donde solo se varió las presiones en los molinos intermedios según un diseño estadístico factorial completo 24. Las variables independientes fueron: las presiones hidráulicasen los molinos intermedios; las dependientes: la demanda de potencia, el % pol y % humedad. Se concluyó que en las condiciones del experimento, el empleo de presiones hidráulicas de trabajo menores en 3,45 MPa en los molinos intermedios, no afectó el proceso de extracción de la sacarosa, pero disminuyó en un 8,12% la demanda de potencia.Palabras claves: presión hidráulica, molino de caña de azúcar, ahorro de energía, tándem.______________________________________________________________________________AbstractAmong the areas of more energy consumption in a sugar power station is the tandem of mills. One of the variables that influences on this consumption is the hydraulic pressure applied to the superior mass. The investigation had as objective to determine the possibilities to reduce this consumption regulating the hydraulic pressures appropriately without diminishing the efficiency of the extraction process, it was carried out in a tandem of six mills where alone it was varied the pressures in the intermediate mills according to a complete factorial statistical design 24. The independent variables were: the hydraulic pressures in the intermediate mills; the dependents: the demand of power, the %pol and %humidity. You concluded thatunder the conditions of the experiment, the employment of hydraulic pressures

  17. Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.; Pettiway, Keon

    2017-01-01

    by designers, planners, etc. (staging from above) and mobile subjects (staging from below). A research agenda for studying situated practices of mobility and mobilities design is outlined in three directions: foci of studies, methods and approaches, and epistemologies and frames of thinking. Jensen begins......In this chapter, Ole B. Jensen takes a situational approach to mobilities to examine how ordinary life activities are structured by technology and design. Using “staging mobilities” as a theoretical approach, Jensen considers mobilities as overlapping, actions, interactions and decisions...... with a brief description of how movement is studied within social sciences after the “mobilities turn” versus the idea of physical movement in transport geography and engineering. He then explains how “mobilities design” was derived from connections between traffic and architecture. Jensen concludes...

  18. Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Volf, Mette

    Design - proces & metode iBog®  er enestående i sit fokus på afmystificering og operationalisering af designprocessens flygtige og komplekse karakter. Udgivelsen går bag om designerens daglige arbejde og giver et indblik i den kreative skabelsesproces, som designeren er en del af. Udover et bredt...... indblik i designerens arbejdsmetoder og designparametre giver Design - proces & metode en række eksempler fra anerkendte designvirksomheder, der gør det muligt at komme helt tæt på designerens virkelighed....

  19. Estimated saving potential and efficient use of energy in air conditioning by means of the solar protection; Potencial estimado de ahorro y uso eficiente de energia en aires acondicionados mediante la proteccion solar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mejia D, David; Morillon G, David; Rodriguez V, Luis [Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    2001-07-01

    In here it is presented the analysis of the impact of the solar gains through the transparent parts of a prototype house of social interest, located in a dry warm climate. This analysis was made to determine the gains through windows for the summer time and under the following conditions: without outside solar protections, with the use of eaves, solar breakers and finally with the use of both systems of solar protection. The results were compared to obtain the considered potential of energy saving in cooling equipment, that could be obtained in future houses to build. [Spanish] Se presenta el analisis del impacto de las ganancias solares a traves de las partes transparentes de un prototipo de vivienda de interes social, ubicado en un clima calido seco. Dicho analisis se realizo para determinar las ganancias a traves de ventanas para la epoca de verano y bajo las siguientes condiciones: sin protecciones solares exteriores, con el empleo de aleros, con quiebrasoles y finalmente con el empleo de ambos sistemas de proteccion solar. Se compararon los resultados para obtener el potencial estimado de ahorro de energia en equipo de enfriamiento, que se tendria en las futuras viviendas por construir.

  20. Ahorro de dinero y de energía mediante la instalación de una conducción termoplástica en una refinería, EE.UU.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial, Equipo

    1979-11-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the method used by and oil refinery to save some two hundred thousand dollars in the replacement of a seriously damaged stretch of a pipeline carrying salt water refrigerant. This substantial saving was obtained by installing high density polyethylene pressure pipe as a cover around the damaged pipe section. The same type of piping can be used in other industries (pulp and paper mills, Chemical processes pollution control, mining, textile mills, etc. where worm or abrasion corrosion damaged pipes can be found.

    Este artículo describe el método por el cual una refinería pudo ahorrarse unos doce millones de pesetas en la operación de repuesto de un tramo muy deteriorado de una conducción que transporta agua salada refrigerante. Este ahorro substancial se obtuvo gracias al uso de futras de presión de polietileno, de alta densidad, como revestimiento de la sección deteriorada de la tutoría. El mismo tipo de tubería se puede emplear también en otras industrias (pastas, papel, procesos químicos, control de polución, minería, textil, etcétera donde existan conducciones desgastadas o deterioradas por corrosión o abrasión.

  1. Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchanan, Richard; Cross, Nigel; Durling, David; Nelson, Harold; Owen, Charles; Valtonen, Anna; Boling, Elizabeth; Gibbons, Andrew; Visscher-Voerman, Irene

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of design were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Richard Buchanan, Nigel Cross, David Durling, Harold Nelson, Charles Owen, and Anna Valtonen. Scholars…

  2. Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Volf, Mette

    2009-01-01

    Design - proces og metode går bag om designerens arbejde og giver et indblik i den skabelsesproces, som designeren er involveret i. Bogen er enestående, fordi den fokuserer på processens flygtige og komplekse karakter, afmystificerer den og gør den operationel - uden at fjerne dens magi. Ud over...

  3. The relation between preventive maintenance and energy saving, planning and production control; La relacion entre el mantenimiento preventivo y el ahorro de energia planeacion y control de la produccion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodriguez Cazarez, Mario [Coorporacion de ingenieros en aire acondicionado y mantenimiento en general (Mexico)

    2003-07-01

    In this paper the importance that the preventive maintenance has as an important ingredient of the internal policies of the companies for the promotion of the energy saving is discussed. It considers that the department of planning and production control must take into account very seriously the importance of programmed preventive maintenance in order to maintain the continuity of the production process and with this eliminate the bottle necks that adversely affect it and consequently the the company's image before the clients, besides contributing positively the promotion of energy saving. The faults that stop the production process inflict losses of income and adversely affect the yield of the company, in addition, they increase the production cost or the plant expenses associated to the repair of the damaged equipment, in the worst of the cases, important penalties will have to be paid for the delayed delivery of the product to the client. By keeping the correct operation of the equipment, increasing its availability and assuring that all the safeties of these operate correctly we will be contributing to the optimal operation of the enterprise system and avoiding the additional consumption of energy associated to the failure of an equipment and interruption of the production line. The preventive maintenance also promotes, the order and the cleanliness, the safety and hygiene in the work centers and the protection to the environment. Once the prevention has won the battle to the correction, one enters the field of diagnosis, handling the service periods in an optimal way in benefit of the production line. In this stage it can be spoken of entering the application of Total Productive Maintenance. [Spanish] En este trabajo se discute la importancia que tiene el mantenimiento preventivo como un ingrediente importante de las politicas internas de las empresas para la promocion del ahorro de energia. Considera que el departamento de planeacion y control de la

  4. Energy saving in the pumping of drinking water, Municipality of San Felipe, Guanajuato; Ahorro de energia electrica en bombeo de agua potable, en el municipio de San Felipe, Gto.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gamiz Sanchez, Lorenzo [Applied Technology Center de Mexico, S.A. de C.V. (Mexico)

    2006-01-15

    This paper shows the results attained in energy saving through a project of potable water pumping, which took an investment of $433,043.00 and an internal rate of return of 126%. This project puts into evidence that it is possible to reduce between 15 and 30% of the total invoicing for energy consumption in potable water pumping if an equipment of poor efficiency is replaced by another of high efficiency. The project was requested by the Guanajuato's State Water Comision and the Municipal Bureau of Sewage and Potable Water, with the double intention of reducing the energy consumption along with the corresponding invoicing and incrementing the output of the wells in order to improve the potable water supply. In the site two high efficiency submersible motor-pumps were installed previously to the energy diagnosis that triggered profitable operation results and a convenient invoicing. [Spanish] Se documentan los resultados obtenidos en un proyecto de ahorro de energia en el bombeo de agua potable realizado con una inversion de $433,043.00 y con una tasa interna de retorno de 126%. Este proyecto pone en evidencia que es posible reducir entre el 15 y 30% de la facturacion total por consumo de energia electrica en el bombeo de agua potable si se sustituye un equipo poco eficiente por otro de alta eficiencia. El proyecto fue solicitado por la Comision Estatal del Agua de Guanajuato y la Junta Municipal de Agua Potable y Alcantarillado del municipio, con un doble proposito, reducir el consumo de energia junto con la facturacion correspondiente e incrementar la capacidad de produccion de los pozos con la intencion de mejorar el abasto de agua potable. En el lugar se instalaron dos motobombas sumergibles de alta eficiencia previo diagnostico energetico que desencadenaron rentables resultados operativos y de facturacion.

  5. The climatic change and the new demands in dwelling design; El cambio climatico y las nuevas exigencias en el diseno de la vivienda

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tardan Waltz, Jenny [Asociacion de Empresas para el Ahorro de la Energia en la Edificacion, A.C. (Mexico)

    2007-10-15

    In Mexico, the culture of energy saving began more than one decade ago, but the benefits are not yet concrete. The Mexican society, requires new designs of dwellings adapted to its needs and in addition modifies the present systems of construction that do not include criteria of design for the thermal comfort, the energy saving and the sustainability. It is urgent to reconsider the urbanism of the cities, as well as the promotion of the concept of sustainable development in all the branches of human activity. The design of dwellings must significantly integrate the energy and environmental components to reduce to the power consumption and the CO{sub 2} emissions. [Spanish] En Mexico, la cultura de ahorro de energia se inicio hace mas de una decada, pero los beneficios aun no son palpables. La sociedad mexicana, requiere de nuevos disenos de viviendas que se adapten a sus necesidades y que ademas modifiquen los sistemas de construccion actuales que no incluyen criterios de diseno para el confort termico, el ahorro de energia y la sustentabilidad. Es urgente reconsiderar el urbanismo de las ciudades, asi como la promocion del concepto de desarrollo sustentable en todas las ramas de la actividad humana. El diseno de la vivienda debe integrar los componentes energeticos y medioambientales, para reducir significativamente el consumo de energia y las emisiones de CO{sub 2}.

  6. Las Unidades Básicas de Análisis para la Gestión de las Cajas de Ahorros y las Cajas Rurales Españolas: Un Análisis Comparativo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Ibarrondo Dávila

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Las unidades básicas de análisis para la gestión de las entidades de depósito representan los ejes centrales en tomo a los cuales se debe generar la información que suministra el sistema de contabilidad de gestión y, por consiguiente, se configuran como un instrumento esencial para apoyar las decisiones gerenciales. En este artículo, tras delimitar las unidades de análisis básicas para los sistemas de información de las cajas rurales y las cajas de ahorros, presentamos los resultados obtenidos a través de una encuesta realizada en dichas entidades, al objeto de contrastar la importancia que ostentan dichas unidades de análisis en sus sistemas de información. El estudio empírico llevado a cabo ha puesto de manifiesto que la unidad de análisis por excelencia en ambas categorías de entidades es la oficina, seguida por las direcciones regionales o de zona. Los productos y los clientes presentan un menor grado de implantación en sus sistemas de información, en especial en las cajas rurales. The basic units of analysis for managing Depository Financial Institutions are the central axes where management accounting information should be generated and, consequently, are also formed as an essential instrument to support the managerial decisions. Once the basic analysis units for information systems in the rural and savings banks are defined, we offer the results obtained by means of a survey carried out in the aforementioned institutions. So the relevance of this analysis unit in their information systems may be known. The empirical study carried out has shown that the main analysis unit in both categories of entities is the branch office, followed by regional management. Products and customers have a minor relevance in their information systems, particularly in the rural banks.

  7. LA CONTRIBUCIÓN DE LAS COOPERATIVAS DE AHORRO Y CRÉDITO AL DESARROLLO LOCAL EN QUERETARO, MÉXICO / THE CREDIT SAVING COOPERATIVE´S CONTRIBUTION TO THE MEXICAN LOCAL DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graciela LARA GÓMEZ

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available A partir de una aproximación teórica y empírica a las empresas sociales y su rol en el desarrollo local, se buscó establecer cómo las cooperativas de ahorro y crédito constituyen una estrategia pertinente para el avance social y económico de las comunidades mexicanas. Para tal efecto se recurrió al método cualitativo recurriendo a la estrategia de estudio de caso, seleccionando cuatro organizaciones ubicadas en zonas clasificadas como de alta marginación de acuerdo con indicadores oficiales en México. Los casos corresponden a cooperativas fundadas con la participación de miembros de la iglesia católica y cuya actividad financiera ha sido fundamental en el ámbito local en el que funcionan. Los resultados muestran que la organización de cooperativas, la acción voluntaria de sus miembros y en algunos casos el apoyo del Estado, constituyen instrumentos eficaces en la promoción del desarrollo local. Los principales beneficios en favor de los asociados se traducen en el otorgamiento de créditos y de servicios adicionales como becas educacionales y servicios de salud. Pudo constatarse, que con la práctica de los principios y valores del cooperativismo se facilita el trabajo en equipo y los asociados desarrollan habilidades emprendedoras y directivas que los benefician individual y colectivamente mejorando su calidad de vida. / From an empiric and theoretical approach to the social enterprises and its role at the local development, it was sought to establish how the credit and saving cooperatives are a pertinent strategy for the economic and social advance from the Mexican communities. For this purpose the qualitative method was used to utilize the study case strategy; it were selected four organizations located in classified areas as high marginalization according to the official Mexican indicators. The cases are cooperatives founded with the participation from members of the Catholic Church and whose financial activity has being

  8. The daylight alternative for energy conservation saving in lighting systems; La luz natural alternativa para el ahorro de energia en sistemas de iluminacion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Escutia Perez, A.; Cruz Mendez, E. P. [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Unidad Azcapotzalco, Mexico D. F. (Mexico); Buitron Sanchez, H. [Programa de Ahorro de Energia del Sector Electrico, Mexico D. F. (Mexico)

    1995-12-31

    The technological advances generate far reaching changes in all types of installation. The new spaces and the existing ones justify the introduction of new technologies taking into account important economic considerations, mostly when the advantage of daylight is taken into consideration in industrial and commercial lighting. In the daylight design it is necessary to know the solar transit, the atmospheric conditions, the architectural design of the building, the materials and the control elements, etc. to apply with precision the calculation method. The fundamental lighting technic have varied little. In the greatest part of commerces and industries the general lighting is used, that produces an illumination more or less uniform on the working areas, which guarantees a total freedom for the placement of machinery, working benches, racks, exhibitors, clothes racks, etc.. This type of lighting is obtained by means of the use of a more or less regular series of skylights. The adequate localized lighting is used in those zones where because of the presence of obstructions or unfavorable slant of the working plan are not sufficiently well lighted by the general lighting system. The daylight use in accordance with the every moment availability will permit in many working centers a sensible diminution of the artificial lighting time, provided that the characteristics of the control operation of the installation permit it, along with modern controlling devices and the great variety of efficient saving lamps. [Espanol] Los avances tecnologicos generan cambios trascendentes en todo tipo de instalacion. Los nuevos espacios y los ya existentes justifican la introduccion de nuevas tecnologias teniendo consideraciones economicas importantes, sobre todo cuando se aprovecha la luz natural en sistemas de alumbrado industrial y comercial. En el diseno de iluminacion natural, es necesario tener el conocimiento del transito solar, las condiciones atmosfericas, el diseno

  9. The Norm NOM-008-ENER-2001 offers an important saving option; La Norma NOM-008-ENER-2001 ofrece una importante opcion de ahorro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lalana, Emiliano Ramiro [Fideicomiso para el Ahorro de la Energia Electrica (Mexico)

    2006-01-15

    The Norm NOM-008-ENER-2001 no longer commands the efficient handling of energy from functional equipment or apparatuses but from a well planned architectural design that allows diminishing the energy use for cooling purposes, consequently this Norm refers to the conduction and radiation principles regulating the heat gain through the cover portions of a building. The Norm defines a reference theoretical building that will dictate the propitious heat gain for the projected buildings. Here the functioning logic of the Norm in respect to both principles is mathematically explained as well as an application example is developed considering the calculations made for the Norm's reference building and for the projected one, the final revision of the fulfillment of the norm, proposals of solutions and the conclusions. [Spanish] La Norma NOM-008-ENER-2001 comanda el manejo eficiente de energia electrica ya no a partir de equipos o aparatos funcionales sino a partir de un bien planeado diseno arquitectonico que permita disminuir el uso de energia para fines de enfriamiento. Por ende, esta norma se refiere a los principios de conduccion y radiacion regulando la ganancia de calor a traves de la envolvente y porciones de un edificio. La Norma define un edificio teorico de referencia que dictara la ganancia de calor propicia para los edificios proyectados. Aqui se explica matematicamente la logica de funcionamiento de la Norma respecto a ambos principios asi como se desarrolla un ejemplo de aplicacion que considera los calculos realizados para el edificio de referencia de la Norma y para el proyectado, la revision final del cumplimiento de la Norma, propuestas de solucion y conclusiones.

  10. Windows with selective covering to the solar radiation based in copper for saving energy; Ventanas con recubrimiento selectivo a la radiacion solar basado en cobre que permiten el ahorro de energia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Correa, Genaro; Almanza, Rafael [Instituto de Ingenieria UNAM, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    2000-07-01

    savings and the necessary strategies for such aim, based on the geographic region. [Spanish] Se presentan los resultados de un esfuerzo por contribuir al desarrollo de nuevos elementos constructivos acordes a las necesidades bioclimaticas de las edificaciones en Mexico que propicien el ahorro de energia. Se desarrollaron ventanas con dos tipos de recubrimientos, uno exclusivamente de oxido cuproso (Cu{sub 2}O), y otro resultado del deposito sucesivo de una pelicula de sulfuro cuprico (CuS) sobre otra de oxido cuproso. El segundo tipo de ventanas presento un adecuado control al paso de la radiacion infrarroja, lo que permite reducir aun mas la cantidad de radiacion calorifica que pasa a traves de la ventana. Durante las condiciones de calentamiento, estas ventanas dejan pasar en el peor de los casos, la mitad del calor, reduciendo la carga termica al interior de la habitacion o del edificio. Durante condiciones de enfriamiento, la ventana permite la salida del calor a la mitad de la velocidad, manteniendo durante mas tiempo la temperatura de confort del interior. Los recubrimientos de los mencionados compuestos de cobre fueron fabricados en los laboratorios de los Institutos de Ingenieria y Fisica de la Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM). Se utilizo la tecnica de erosion ionica o sputtering de un blanco de cobre 99.999% con ayuda de un plasma compuesto de argon (70%) y oxigeno (30%), que posibilita la oxidacion del cobre y el deposito del Cu{sub 2}O. Se utilizo un sustrato de vidrio flotado comercial de 600x400 mm., este tamano del vidrio estuvo determinado por las limitaciones de espacio de nuestra camara de deposito. La ventana asi obtenida presenta una agradable coloracion amarillenta y gran luminosidad, sin embargo, en el infrarrojo cercano, unicamente bloquea el 50%. Para las propiedades deseadas de control termico era necesario reducir aun mas el paso del calor. Para ello se incorporo una pelicula de sulfuro cuprico con la cual fue posible alcanzar

  11. Energy saving in the pig iron production in the blast furnace no. 5; Ahorro de energia en la produccion de arrabio en el alto horno No. 5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gil Diaz, Ricardo A.; J Quiroz, Francisco; Rodriguez, Rita Patricia; Banuelos Garza, Yolanda [Altos Hornos de Mexico, S. A., Coahuila (Mexico)

    1993-12-31

    Altos Hornos de Mexico (AHMSA) is an iron and steel industry integrated to Grupo Acereros del Norte in Monclova, in the Coahuila state. With an a installed capacity of 3.1 millions of tons per annum o liquid steel. In its installations, AHMSA has the highest capacity blast furnace installed in Mexico, blast furnace No. 5, that has a useful volume of 2,163 cubic meters, designed to produce 4,800 tons of pig iron per day. The basic goal to achieve in the operations involved in the production of steel through the pig iron production in the blast furnace, is the hot metal production at the lowest attainable cost within the quality requirements specified by the steel makers. The most important criterion for the recognition of the attained success is the fuel consumption per ton of pig iron produced, with coke as the main fuel fed to the blast furnace and therefore of the greatest impact on the final product cost. AHMSA contemplated within its strategic plan, the reduction in the production of its coking plants derived from the natural aging of its furnaces, consequently it is pending the shortage of coke for productions higher than 2.6 MMT of liquid iron. In response to this, and faced to the true need of diminishing the production costs in the process of making pig iron, new practices have been implemented in the use of complementary fuels to partially substitute the metallurgical coke as an energy source for the blast furnace process. The use of natural gas, fuel oil and the gradual increase of the temperature of hot blow, have strongly impacted the metallurgical coke consumption, lowering it considerably and diminishing the costs per ton of pig iron in blast furnace No. 5. Another important issue, is the utilization of coke fines resulting form the sieving of the same, directly fed to the furnace load. This practice reduced the coke consumption, and most of all, the output of our coking plants was increased on being utilized at the maximum coke production

  12. Energy saving in the pig iron production in the blast furnace no. 5; Ahorro de energia en la produccion de arrabio en el alto horno No. 5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gil Diaz, Ricardo A.; J Quiroz, Francisco; Rodriguez, Rita Patricia; Banuelos Garza, Yolanda [Altos Hornos de Mexico, S. A., Coahuila (Mexico)

    1993-12-31

    Altos Hornos de Mexico (AHMSA) is an iron and steel industry integrated to Grupo Acereros del Norte in Monclova, in the Coahuila state. With an a installed capacity of 3.1 millions of tons per annum o liquid steel. In its installations, AHMSA has the highest capacity blast furnace installed in Mexico, blast furnace No. 5, that has a useful volume of 2,163 cubic meters, designed to produce 4,800 tons of pig iron per day. The basic goal to achieve in the operations involved in the production of steel through the pig iron production in the blast furnace, is the hot metal production at the lowest attainable cost within the quality requirements specified by the steel makers. The most important criterion for the recognition of the attained success is the fuel consumption per ton of pig iron produced, with coke as the main fuel fed to the blast furnace and therefore of the greatest impact on the final product cost. AHMSA contemplated within its strategic plan, the reduction in the production of its coking plants derived from the natural aging of its furnaces, consequently it is pending the shortage of coke for productions higher than 2.6 MMT of liquid iron. In response to this, and faced to the true need of diminishing the production costs in the process of making pig iron, new practices have been implemented in the use of complementary fuels to partially substitute the metallurgical coke as an energy source for the blast furnace process. The use of natural gas, fuel oil and the gradual increase of the temperature of hot blow, have strongly impacted the metallurgical coke consumption, lowering it considerably and diminishing the costs per ton of pig iron in blast furnace No. 5. Another important issue, is the utilization of coke fines resulting form the sieving of the same, directly fed to the furnace load. This practice reduced the coke consumption, and most of all, the output of our coking plants was increased on being utilized at the maximum coke production

  13. Estrategias para el ahorro de aire comprimido

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    El titular dels drets d'autor de l'article només permet la seva visualització en pantalla. Abordar el objetivo de mejorar el rendimiento de una instalación neumática pasa por minorizar el consumo y reducir las pérdidas de energía. Minorizar el consumo incluye tomar medidas encaminadas a consumir sólo cuando es necesario y a no producir en exceso. Las pérdidas de energía básicas se producen en las fugas y en los escapes libres, que ocurren en toda instalación neumática por su...

  14. Augmented image for the improvement of ancient architectonic heritage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pasquale Tunzi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In the era of electronic communication the cultural object has the value of digital resource for economic and social growth. The search for more effective ways of communicating and of greater amplitude than in the past is a goal. Of the many proposals and innovations aimed at enhancing the architectural heritage is part of augmented reality, which is an interesting tool to communicate the cultural heritage in real space resulting in a strong social impact. Here we offer an experience developed in the University of Pescara.

  15. Spatiotemporal receptive fields: a dynamical model derived from cortical architectonics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krone, G; Mallot, H; Palm, G; Schüz, A

    1986-01-22

    We assume that the mammalian neocortex is built up out of some six layers which differ in their morphology and their external connections. Intrinsic connectivity is largely excitatory, leading to a considerable amount of positive feedback. The majority of cortical neurons can be divided into two main classes: the pyramidal cells, which are said to be excitatory, and local cells (most notably the non-spiny stellate cells), which are said to be inhibitory. The form of the dendritic and axonal arborizations of both groups is discussed in detail. This results in a simplified model of the cortex as a stack of six layers with mutual connections determined by the principles of fibre anatomy. This stack can be treated as a multi-input-multi-output system by means of the linear systems theory of homogeneous layers. The detailed equations for the simulation are derived in the Appendix. The results of the simulations show that the temporal and spatial behaviour of an excitation distribution cannot be treated separately. Further, they indicate specific processing in the different layers and some independence from details of wiring. Finally, the simulation results are applied to the theory of visual receptive fields. This yields some insight into the mechanisms possibly underlying hypercomplexity, putative nonlinearities, lateral inhibition, oscillating cell responses, and velocity-dependent tuning curves.

  16. Analysis of the optimality principles responsible for vascular network architectonics

    CERN Document Server

    Lubashevsky, I A

    1999-01-01

    The equivalence of two optimality principles leading to Murray's law has been discussed. The first approach is based on minimization of biological work needed for maintaining the blood flow through the vessels at required level. The second one is the principle of minimal drag and lumen volume. Characteristic features of these principles are considered. An alternative approach leading to Murray's law has been proposed. For that we model the microcirculatory bed in terms of delivering vascular network with symmetrical bifurcation nodes, embedded uniformly into the cellular tissue. It was shown that Murray's law can be regarded as a direct consequence of the organism capacity for controlling the blood flow redistribution over the microcirculatory beds.

  17. LAS CAJAS DE AHORRO Y LAS COOPERATIVAS DE CRÉDITO ANTE LA CRISIS: EVOLUCIÓN EN SU PRESENCIA TERRITORIAL Y EN SU OPERATIVA / SAVING BANKS AND CREDIT CO-OPERATIVES FACED WITH THE CRISIS: THE CHANGES IN THEIR LOCALIZATION AND PERFORMANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús PAÚL GUTIÉRREZ

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo estudia el impacto que la crisis económica y financiera está teniendo en las entidades bancarias de carácter social, en especial en sus estrategias de financiación y de localización territorial. En primer lugar, se analizan las crecientes necesidades de financiación de la economía española durante el pasado ciclo expansivo y el decisivo papel de las instituciones financieras en la canalización del ahorro externo. Posteriormente, se analiza la evolución de la presencia territorial de las cajas de ahorro y de las cooperativas de crédito, así como la distribución de sus operaciones activas y pasivas. El análisis se realiza diferenciando dos períodos, uno desde el inicio de los noventa hasta el verano de 2007, momento en el que se inicia la crisis, y un segundo período, desde el cuarto trimestre de 2007 hasta la actualidad. / This paper examines the impact that the international economic and financial crisis is having on the behaviour of Spanish social banking institutions, particularly in their funding and localization strategies. First of all, we analyse the growing net borrowing of the Spanish economy in the former economic expansion cycle and how the national financial institutions were the primary source of foreign financing. Secondly, we analyse the evolution of territorial localization of saving banks and credit co-operatives, and of their lending and borrowing transactions. In this analysis we are going to difference two periods: since the beginning of nineties until August 2007, the start of the international financial, and a second period since the fourth quarter 2007 until now.

  18. Methodology for bioclimatic design; Metodologia para el diseno bioclimatico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morillon Galvez, David [Instituto de Ingenieria de la UNAM, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    2000-07-01

    A methodology for natural air conditioning of buildings is presented; bioclimatic architecture, in order to contribute to the suitable use of components of the building (walls, ceilings, floors, orientations, etc.) that when interacting with the environment takes advantage of it, without deterioration of the same, obtaining energy efficient designs. As well as an analysis of the elements and factors that the architecture must have to be sustainable; an adequate design to the environment, saving and efficient use of energy, the use of alternating energies by means of ecotechnologies and the self-sufficiency. [Spanish] Se presenta una metodologia para la climatizacion natural de edificios; arquitectura bioclimatica, con el objetivo de aportar al uso adecuado de componentes del edificio (muros, techos, pisos, orientaciones, etc.) que al interactuar con el ambiente tome ventaja de el, sin deterioro del mismo, logrando disenos energeticamente eficientes. Asi como un analisis de los elementos y factores que debe tener la arquitectura para ser sustentable; un diseno adecuado al ambiente, ahorro y uso eficiente de la energia, el uso de energias alternas mediante ecotecnologias y la autosuficiencia.

  19. Heat pumping using the thermal earth gradient to produce air conditioned and hot water with savings of up to 70%; Bombeo de calor utilizando el gradiente termico de la tierra para producir aire acondicionado y agua caliente con ahorros de hasta un 70%

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alvarez Ramirez, Alejandro [Novaenergia de Mexico S.A. de C.V. (Mexico)

    2003-07-01

    The pumping of heat using the Earth heat as partial energy source bases its principle on which the energy of the ground is constant and the energy efficiency to produce air conditioning and hot water simultaneously is important, obtaining savings up to 70%, comparing itself with the traditional equipment and what these operate of separated way to produce each one of them the cold air and the hot water. The use of this technology presents an opportunity to reduce the energy costs of and the demand of the company. [Spanish] El bombeo de calor utilizando el calor de la tierra como fuente parcial de energia basa su principio en que la energia del suelo es constante y el rendimiento energetico para producir simultaneamente aire acondicionado y agua caliente es importante, obteniendose ahorros hasta de un 70%, comparandose con los equipos tradicionales y que estos operan de manera separada para producir cada uno de ellos el aire frio y el agua caliente. El uso de esta tecnologia presenta una oportunidad para reducir los costos de energia y demanda de la empresa.

  20. LA EXPANSIÓN TERRITORIAL COMO FACTOR MOTIVADOR DE LA REESTRUCTURACIÓN DEL SISTEMA FINANCIERO ESPAÑOL: EL CASO DE LAS CAJAS DE AHORROS Y LAS COOPERATIVAS DE CRÉDITO / THE TERRITORIAL EXPANSION AS A MOTIVATING FACTOR OF THE RESTRUCTURING OF THE SPANISH FINANCIAL SYSTEM: THE CASE OF SAVING BANKS AND CREDIT COOPERATIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milagros GUTIÉRREZ FERNÁNDEZ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La actual crisis financiera internacional está actuando como catalizador de un profundo proceso de cambio en el sector bancario español que está afectando también a las entidades de crédito de la Economía Social: cajas de ahorros y cooperativas de crédito. Su modelo de banca “minorista”, centrada en la cercanía al cliente, se ha visto acompañado en los últimos años de un fuerte proceso de expansión geográfica que ha supuesto un sobredimensionamiento de su red de sucursales. Sin embargo, como consecuencia de las actuales circunstancias de la economía española en general, y del sistema bancario en particular, dicha estrategia de desarrollo interno no parece sostenible, siendo necesario que se produzca un redimensionamiento del sector, para ver recuperada la confianza en el sistema y para que éste vuelva a ser considerado como uno de los más solventes del mundo. Bajo este enfoque, el objetivo de este trabajo es analizar las distintas estrategias de expansión territorial desarrolladas por dichas entidades con el objetivo de plasmar su situación actual y comprender por qué es necesaria la reestructuración del sector. Para ello se ha empleado tanto el análisis descriptivo como el econométrico, utilizando en todo momento los datos que presentan la Confederación Española de Cajas de Ahorros (CECA y la Unión Nacional de Cooperativas de Crédito (UNACC en sus anuarios estadísticos. / The current financial international crisis is acting as catalyst of a deep process of change in the Spanish banking sector which is affecting also the credit institutions of the Social Economy: saving banks and credit cooperatives. These entities share a model of "retail" banking, centered on the nearness to the client, that has been accompanied in the last years of a strong process of geographical expansion which has supposed an oversizing of its network of branches. Nevertheless, as a consequence of the current circumstances of the Spanish

  1. Energy saving based on the reduction of losses in the transmission and distribution of the power generated incrementing the transmission capacities by means of the use of direct current; Ahorro de energia basado en la reduccion de perdidas en la transmision y redistribucion de la generacion al ampliar las capacidades de transmision por medio del empleo de la transmision en corriente directa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meraz Ateca, E.; Alanis Rodriguez, J.P.; Salinas Barrera, H.; Arechiga Rodriguez, L.D.; Guerrero Garza, J.J. [Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) (Mexico)

    1995-12-31

    alternating current terminal is recovered from the power lines and there will not be generation restrictions because of the unavailability of alternating current power lines; the achieved reliability is not evaluated, but it will be another benefit. The other option proposed for the project of utilization of power lines with direct current, consists in modifying or using the tie that will be constructed for the Rio Escondido Thermal Electric Station to the Northern Zone and that will operate in parallel with the alternating current network. This project provides the benefits of saving losses of about 20 MW. It is also achieved the increase in effective transmission capacity towards the Northern Zone, due to the fact that it will be Also available a controlled power mean, which facilitates the dispatch functions and re-distribution of power flows in the alternating current network. This tie is proposed of 500 MW operating in bi-polar form at least of 400 KV and reaching up to the Chihuahua Zone, allowing besides the re-dispatching of units to the Northern Zone in counting with greater capacity of effective transmission. The saving in re-dispatching could be significative; additionally, this tie will free transmission capacity from the Coal Power Stations towards the Monterrey Zone. This paper does not get deeper into the advantages regarding the dynamic behavior of the electric system in operating these ties in direct current, but they are not less important, since they can contribute with great benefits to the system during disturbance or emergency conditions. [Espanol] El presenta trabajo propone el empleo de la tecnologia de transmision en corriente directa, que proporciona un ahorro de perdidas de orden del 50% al transmitir la misma cantidad de potencia que la linea energizada en corriente alterna, asi como el contar con una mayor capacidad de transmision, dado que la limitante en la linea trabajando en corriente directa esta dada por su capacidad termica. El aspecto del

  2. Program integration at JVC Industrial de Mexico, S.A. de C.V./Electric energy saving/Environmental management system /ISO 14001 standard; Integracion de programas en JVC Industrial de Mexico, S.A. de C.V. Ahorro de energia electrica/Sistema de administracion ambiental/Estandar ISO 14001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Argote Molina, Martin [JVC Industrial de Mexico S. A. de C. V., Tijuana (Mexico)

    1998-12-31

    It is possible, and besides logic, the integration of programs such as the electric energy saving and an environmental management system. In managing the consumption and the demand of the electric service, there is an effect on the pollutants emitted for the generation. It is clear that the user in not, and can not be, responsible for the type of fuel used but its importance in project planning is out of question. In its turn the central point of the environmental management system, consists in identifying the main effects on the environment caused by its activities, services and products, as well as the current or potential control level of the enterprise on them. Such identification and further evaluation took us at JVC Industrial de Mexico, to integrate conceptually and operationally such programs. The commitment with the Management was concentrated and strengthened resulting in a fuller consciousness of resource administration. [Espanol] Es posible, ademas de logica, la integracion de programas tales como el ahorro de energia electrica y un sistema de administracion ambiental. Al administrar el consumo y la demanda del servicio electrico tenemos un efecto en los contaminantes emitidos para la generacion. Es claro que el usuario no es, ni puede ser, responsable del tipo de combustible utilizado pero su importancia en la planeacion de proyectos es indiscutible. A su vez el punto central del sistema de administracion ambiental, consiste en identificar los principales efectos en el medio ambiente causados por sus actividades, servicios o productos, asi como el nivel de control actual o potencial de la empresa sobre ellos. Dicha identificacion y la posterior evaluacion nos llevo, en JVC Industrial de Mexico, a integrar tanto conceptual como operacionalmente dichos programas. El compromiso de la Gerencia se vio concentrado y fortalecido dando como resultado una conciencia mas plena de la administracion de recursos.

  3. Economic, environmental and social impacts of geothermal development, and energy savings and efficient use of power in Baja California, Mexico; Impactos economicos, ambientales y sociales del desarrollo geotermico y del ahorro y uso eficiente de la electricidad en Baja California, Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campbell R, Hector E.; Montero A, Gisela [Universidad Autonoma de Baja California, Instituto de Ingenieria, Mexicali, Baja California (Mexico)]. E-mail: hecr@iing.mxl.uabc.mx; Lambert A., Alejandro A. [Universidad Autonoma de Baja California, Facultad de Ingenieria, Mexicali, Baja California (Mexico)

    2011-01-15

    remain at 2200 tons per year (t/a), emitted mainly from geothermal-electric units. NO{sub x} emissions will increase from 6000 t/a in 2005 to 24,000 t/a in 2025, and CO{sub x} will rise from 3.4 million t/a in 2005 to 12.7 million t/a in 2025. The cost of generation will be affected by changes in the energy matrix, and the use of natural gas will predominate. In absolute values it will increase from $648 million USD in 2005 to $2273 million USD in 2025. The cost will depend on an use up to 70% of natural gas. The proposed goals of the Systemic Planning focused on: a) reduce own uses of electricity during generation, b) reduce electric own uses and electric losses during transmission and distribution, c) reducing the growth of electric consumption in the industrial sector, and d) increasing the share of geothermal energy. In a comparison of the Systemic Planning System with the Prospective, increasing in 500 MW the geothermal installed capacity will increase the investment cost, but the balance of net exports, carbon credits and reduced consumption of natural gas indicates a total savings of $11 billion USD and a decrease of 2.3 million tons of CO{sub x}. The geothermal growth combined with the saving and efficient electrical use was rated the best plan, with a total savings of $13.5 billion USD and a decrease in emissions of 8.5 million tons of CO{sub x}. [Spanish] Se presenta un ensayo de Planeacion Electrica para Baja California, Mexico, que incluye el diagnostico de produccion y consumo electrico 1994-2005, la prospectiva al ano 2025 manteniendo las tendencias historicas, y la planeacion sistemica al incidir en la prospectiva mediante acciones de ahorro y uso eficiente de la electricidad y el incremento de la participacion de la geotermia. El diagnostico indica que en 1998 la capacidad geotermoelectrica representaba el 57%, y para 2004 el 73% estaba basado en gas natural, aumentando la dependencia energetica. La generacion cambio de una relacion de 2 a 1 de vapor

  4. Reducción del Consumo Eléctrico y C0(2 mediante Sistemas de Ahorro y de Aislamiento Térmico aplicados a Viviendas en Zonas Áridas de México Electrical Consumption and C0(2 Reduction using Saving Systems and Thermal Insulation applied to Dwellings in Arid Lands of México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Calderón

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Se compara los consumos de energía de dos tipos de vivienda, eficiente e ineficiente, determinando su consumo eléctrico y reducción de C0(2, utilizando aislamiento térmico y sistemas de ahorro de energía. El estudio realizado mediante simulación se aplica a tres ciudades áridas de México: Mexicali, Ciudad Obregón y Hermosillo. De la vivienda ineficiente evaluada en las tres ciudades, Mexicali, registró los índices más altos con 7.014 kWh/año, impactando directamente sobre el ingreso familiar, los rangos de confort y la calidad de vida del usuario, además de aportar una cantidad de 4.88 toneladas de emisiones de C0(2 por vivienda al año. Estos indicadores pueden llegar a reducirse en entre el 40 y 50% si la vivienda es eficiente.The energy consumption of two types of dwellings, efficient and inefficient, are analyzed and compared, determining the electrical consumption and C0(2 reduction, utilizing thermal insulation and saving-energy options. The study done by simulation was applied in three arid áreas in México: Mexicali, Baja Obregón and Hermosillo. The results indícate that Mexicali presented the highest consumptions rates with 7.104 kWh/year, affecting directly the family household income, thermal comfort and life quality, besides providing 4.88 tons of C0(2 emission per house per year. These indexes can be reduced by 40 and 50% if the house is efficient.

  5. Importance of building maintenance at the time of architectural design of buildings rehabilitated with heritage value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rui Calejo Rodrigues; Patrícia Fernandes Rocha

    2011-01-01

    During architectural conception phase,building maintenance problematic is mostly a result of the unintentional use of preconceived architectonical solutions rather than a consequence of a specific influence of maintenance requirements.Hardly the architect in the act of design understands the importance of these solutions in the service life span of a building.Being aware of this,is it possible for the architect to be supplied with a decision support system that allows him to consider the implications of building maintenance since the early design phases? Having awareness of this problem and its consequences in the early design phases a research project was started at the Faculty Engineering of the University of Oporto(FEUP),under which the implications of building maintenance in the act of architectural design is studied.This article presents the methodology developed to identify the needs of maintenance of buildings based on a DSS-decision support system that provides simple tools the architect can use in design phase.This methodology is based on decomposition of building parts-Elements Source of Maintenance ESM-,and subsequently,a set of functional requirements that determine the performance regarding building maintenance on account of architectural decisions.Relevant maintenance actions are defined:Inspection,Pro-action,Cleaning,Correction,Replacement,Legal enforcement,Limits of use.One can thus set up a relationship between the act of design and its performance framework based on behavior,intervention and the ownership of the work of architecture.Using a Multicriteria Analysis (MCA) a qualitative evaluation of different options based on maintenance requirements accomplishment.Conclusions on the importance of architectural conception concerning the building maintenance were clearly arrived at and the utility of the developed decision support tool was also highlighted.

  6. Analysis of the potencial of natural illumination for the savings and efficient use of the energy in buildings located in hot climates; Analisis del potencial de la iluminacion natural para ahorro y uso eficiente de la energia en las edificaciones en climas calidos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Chavez, J. R. [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Azcapotzalco, Division de Ciencias y Artes para el Diseno, Departamento de Medio Ambiente, (Mexico)

    1997-12-31

    consumos de energia electrica para alumbrado de espacios interiores son muy cuantiosas, sobre todo en edificios no habitacionales. En este trabajo se exploran y presentan las posibilidades de la luz natural diurna para lograr ahorro de energia y confort visual termolumnico en las edificaciones.

  7. Design Methodology - Design Synthesis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Mogens Myrup

    2003-01-01

    ABSTRACT Design Methodology shall be seen as our understanding of how to design; it is an early (emerging late 60ies) and original articulation of teachable and learnable methodics. The insight is based upon two sources: the nature of the designed artefacts and the nature of human designing. Today...... Design Methodology is part of our practice and our knowledge about designing, and it has been strongly supported by the establishing and work of a design research community. The aim of this article is to broaden the reader¿s view of designing and Design Methodology. This is done by sketching...... the development of Design Methodology through time and sketching some important approaches and methods. The development is mainly forced by changing industrial condition, by the growth of IT support for designing, but also by the growth of insight into designing created by design researchers....

  8. Análisis de costes y ahorros potenciales relacionados con la utilización de pruebas preoperatorias en los hospitales de Canarias Cost analysis and potential savings related to the use of preoperative tests in the hospitals of the Canary Islands [Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. López-Bastida

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Estimar el ahorro potencial que podría tener lugar en el Servicio Canario de Salud (SCS, a partir de una utilización apropiada científica de las pruebas preoperatorias, haciendo uso de la información obtenida de los 5 hospitales universitarios de la red pública. Métodos: Un total de 55 anestesiólogos (60% del SCS cumplimentaron un cuestionario. En éste se prestó especial atención a las pruebas preoperatorias más frecuentemente utilizadas, como la radiografía de tórax, el electrocardiograma, las pruebas de laboratorio y la espirometría. Los costes unitarios medios para las diferentes pruebas preoperatorias se obtuvieron de 2 hospitales participantes en el estudio. Para calcular los ahorros potenciales derivados del uso apropiado de las pruebas preoperatorias se han considerado varios escenarios caracterizados por diferentes hipótesis o grados de cumplimiento de un protocolo basado en el conocimiento científico, considerado como parámetro de referencia. Resultados: En el caso ideal de que se cumpliera el protocolo científico recomendado en el 100% de los 16.179 pacientes considerados ASA I y II, la repercusión económica sería notable, pues supondría una liberación de recursos sensible que podría ser utilizada para otros programas de salud. Estas cifras podrían alcanzar aproximadamente los 1,02 millones de euros, sin considerar el coste de la estancia preoperatoria. Esta cifra podría incrementarse hasta, aproximadamente, los 2,13 millones de euros si incluimos un día de estancia preoperatoria, y hasta los 3,24 millones de euros incluyendo 2 días de estancia preoperatoria. Conclusiones: La revisión reciente de la literatura científica y los resultados proporcionados por el cuestionario aplicado en el SCS indican que las pruebas preoperatorias alcanzan los mayores beneficios para los pacientes y para la sociedad si se guían por el conocimiento científico. Es posible, además, liberar recursos a partir de una

  9. Designing Material Materialising Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nicholas, Paul

    2013-01-01

    Designing Material Materialising Design documents five projects developed at the Centre for Information Technology and Architecture (CITA) at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Architecture. These projects explore the idea that new designed materials might require new design methods...

  10. Aislamiento, bienestar y ahorro de energía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Arroyo, A.

    1976-03-01

    Full Text Available The continous appearance of new materials, the general tendency towards lighter structural charges, the increased personal welfare levels, the extended use of mechanical equipments for environmental conditioning in most of the housings presently being constructed, and the incessant and considerable increase of the organic fuel costs have given rise to a new study, both in scope and precision, of the physical and construction basis of the fundamental problems of living spaces. Here the study of the installations deals with arrangements suitable for carrying out the architectural projects of the construction elements, in order to obtain their maximum efficiency, as regulators of the negative environmental influences. As already announced previously, this is the second of three articles published in three consecutive issues of INFORMES DE LA CONSTRUCCIÓN.La continua aparición de nuevos materiales, la tendencia general al aligeramiento de las cargas estructurales, el incremento de los niveles individuales de bienestar, la extensión de los equipos mecánicos de acondicionamiento ambiental a la mayoría de las viviendas actualmente en construcción, y el ininterrumpido y sustancial crecimiento en los costos de los combustibles orgánicos, han dado lugar al replanteamiento, en extensión y profundidad, de las bases físico-constructivas en las que descansa la problemática funcional de los recintos habitacionales. Se aborda aquí el estudio de las disposiciones constructivas idóneas para la práctica de los proyectos arquitecturales de los diferentes elementos constructivos, a fin de obtener su máxima funcionalidad como reguladores de las solicitaciones ambientales perturbadoras del bienestar. Como ya se advirtió, éste es el segundo artículo de la serie de tres que aparecen en 3 números sucesivos de INFORMES DE LA CONSTRUCCIÓN.

  11. Aislamiento, bienestar y ahorro de energía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Arroyo, A.

    1976-02-01

    Full Text Available The continous appearance of new materials, the general tendency towards lighter structural charges, the increased personal welfare levels, tile extended use of mechanical equipments for environmental conditioning in most of the housings presently being constructed, and the incessant and considerable increase of the organic fuel costs have given rise to a new study, both in scope and precision, of the physical and construction basis of the fundamental problems of living spaces. In addition to the financial and engineering aspects of the separate installations the problem is here approached through three different angles: I. Analysis of the thermophysical characteristics of the materials and structural elements that define and quantify the insulating capacity of these. II. Constructive arrangements suitable for carrying out the architectural projects of the construction elements, in order to obtain their maximum efficiency, as regulators of the negative environmental influences. III. A relative study of existing national and foreign regulations of the hygrothermal needs that the elements and structural spaces must meet to achieve the required comfort within the envisaged budget. Each of the above mentioned items will be dealt with in this Journal from this number onwards.La continua aparición de nuevos materiales, la tendencia general al aligeramiento de las cargas estructurales, el incremento de los niveles individuales de bienestar, la extensión de los equipos mecánicos de acondicionamiento ambiental a la mayoría de las viviendas actualmente en construcción, y e! ininterrumpido y sustancial crecimiento en los costos de los combustibles orgánicos, han dado lugar al replanteamiento, en extensión y profundidad, de las bases físico-constructivas en las que descansa la problemática funcional de los recintos habitacionales. Consideraciones financieras o de ingeniería de las instalaciones aparte, se aborda aquí el estudio del problema a través de tres aspectos diferentes: I. Análisis de las propiedades termofísicas de los materiales y los elementos estructurales que definen y cuantifican la capacidad aislante de los mismos. I I. Disposiciones constructivas idóneas para la práctica de los proyectos arquitecturales de los diferentes elementos constructivos, a fin de obtener su máxima funcionalidad como reguladores de las solicitaciones ambientales perturbadoras del bienestar. I I I. Estudio comparado de la reglamentación existente, nacional y extranjera, de las necesidades higrotérmicas que han de cumplir los elementos y los recintos que éstos delimitan, para la consecución del confort, dentro de los presupuestos de una efectiva economía. A partir de este número, y sucesivamente, aparecerán desarrollados en esta revista cada uno de los puntos más arriba señalados.

  12. Aislamiento, bienestar y ahorro de energía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Arroyo, Arturo

    1976-04-01

    Full Text Available The continuous appearance of new materials, the general tendency towards lighter structural loads, the increased personal welfare levels, the extended use of mechanical equipments for environmental conditioning in most of the housings presently being constructed, and the incessant and considerable increase of the organic fuel costs have given rise to a new study, both in scope and precision, of the physical and construction basis of the fundamental problems of living spaces. A comparative study is here carried out of the existing national and foreign Norms on the hygrothermal requirements that the members, and the spaces they form, have to comply with, so as to obtain comfort within the budget limits of an effective economy. As already mentioned, this is the last one of three articles published in consecutive issues of INFORMES DE LA CONSTRUCCIÓN.La continua aparición de nuevos materiales, la tendencia general al aligeramiento de las cargas estructurales, el incremento de los niveles individuales de bienestar, la extensión de los equipos mecánicos de acondicionamiento ambiental a la mayoría de las viviendas actualmente en construcción, y el ininterrumpido y sustancial crecimiento en los costos de los combustibles orgánicos, han dado lugar al replanteamiento, en extensión y profundidad, de las bases físico-constructivas en las que descansa la problemática funcional de los recintos habitacionales. Se aborda aquí el estudio comparado de la reglamentación existente, nacional y extranjera, de las necesidades higrotérmicas que han de cumplir los elementos y los recintos que éstos delimitan, para la consecución del confort, dentro de los presupuestos de una efectiva economía. Como ya se advirtió, éste es el último artículo de la serie de tres que han aparecido en números sucesivos de INFORMES DE LA CONSTRUCCIÓN.

  13. Caja de Ahorros Municipal de Essen. Alemania Federal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Köllges, Hans

    1977-05-01

    Full Text Available Ten-story building on a slope, with following distribution: tellers desks, offices and administrative departments, reserved and rental space, a cafeteria, meeting room, installation rooms and a swimming pool with its corresponding services, located on the top of the building. It also has five basements for supplies, storage and garage. The site is surrounded on all four sides with streets on different levels which permit various entrances and different vertical Communications between floors, which results in an optimum relationship between the passage surface and the usable space, taking full advantage of the space available. The concrete structure, with 8.30 m reticule on the sides, provides sufficient flexibility for adapting the different floors to the different operation schemes. The building offers a special architectural interest as a result of the offset in the upper floors and the contrast achieved in treating the facades, where the dark aluminum of the offices floors is broken by the bodies jutting out of the stairwells and elevators, treated with artificial white stone. The building is topped with a roof made of inclined facing on the last floor, also treated with dark aluminum panels.Este edificio consta de diez plantas sobre rasante, en fas que se distribuyen: una sala de cajas, oficinas y departamentos administrativos, espacios de reserva y alquiler, una cafetería, salón de actos, cuartos de instalaciones, y una piscina, con sus correspondientes servicios, montada en el remate de la edificación. Asimismo cuenta con cinco sótanos destinados a abastecimientos, almacén y garaje. La parcela se halla delimitada en sus cuatro costados por redes viarias a distinto nivel, que permiten la existencia de diversos accesos exteriores, así como distintos núcleos de comunicación vertical entre plantas, de donde resulta una óptima relación entre las superficies de circulación y las útiles, aprovechándose plenamente los espacios. La estructura de hormigón, resuelta con una retícula de 8,30 m de lado, proporciona suficiente flexibilidad a las plantas para la adaptación de distintos esquemas de funcionamiento. El conjunto ofrece un especial interés arquitectónico, debido al retranqueo de las plantas superiores y al contraste logrado en el tratamiento de las fachadas, donde el aluminio oscuro de las plantas de oficinas es interrumpido por los cuerpos salientes de las cajas de escaleras y ascensores, tratados en piedra artificial blanca. El edificio está coronado por una cubierta constituida por los paramentos inclinados de la última planta, tratada, igualmente, con paneles de aluminio oscurecido.

  14. Designing Communication Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Løvlie, Anders Sundnes

    2016-01-01

    Innovating in the field of new media genres requires methods for producing designs that can succeed in being disseminated and used outside of design research labs. This article uses the author's experiences with the development of university courses in communication design to address the research...... emphasises rapid techniques for user research and ideation; genre analysis; use of pitching and storytelling as a form of prototyping; and humanist methods for evaluation and critique....

  15. Prompting Designers to Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahmed, Saeema

    2006-01-01

    Recent research suggest that engineering designers need assistance to understand what information is relevant for their particular design problem. They require guidance in formulating their queries and also to understand what information is relevant for them. This paper presents an approach...... to prompt designers with their design queries. A method that automatically extracts relationships between concepts is described, along with some examples. The method can be implemented as part of knowledge management system and the relationships are extracted form documents that are indexed within...... the system. The distinctive features of this approach is that all the concepts are elicited from the minds of engineering designers, and the system builds up knowledge as more documents enter the system. The approach is based on an understanding obtained from a number of empirical studies and also from...

  16. Prompting Designers to Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahmed, Saeema

    2007-01-01

    Recent research suggest that engineering designers need assistance to understand what information is relevant for their particular design problem. They require guidance in formulating their queries and also to understand what information is relevant for them. This paper presents an approach...... to prompt designers with their design queries. A method that automatically extracts relationships between concepts is described, along with some examples. The method can be implemented as part of knowledge management system and the relationships are extracted form documents that are indexed within...... the system. The distinctive features of this approach is that all the concepts are elicited from the minds of engineering designers, and the system builds up knowledge as more documents enter the system. The approach is based on an understanding obtained from a number of empirical studies and also from...

  17. Dansk Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dickson, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    Indhold: Hvad er design?; Hvor kommer dansk design fra?; Produktdesign; Tekstil- og tøjdesign; Design af møbler og boligindretning; Bygningen og design; Arbejdets design; Transportdesign; Offentligt design; Grafisk design; Nye tider og en ny slags design...

  18. The architecture of Virtual Learning Environments under the conceptions of Bakhtinian studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adolfo Tanzi Neto

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Grounded on the conceptual framework of Bakhtin's architectonic form, we seek to demonstrate that the dimensions of a genre practiced in a virtual learning environment (VLE are directly related to its design (conception, idealization, and form, that is, to its architectonic form as the design of a VLE, which can foster (new multiliteracies, provide flexibility or not for multisemiotic genre practices in the contemporary world. To achieve this aim, we observed the design of two tools from two distinct VLEs; in one of them we found the influence of traditional school relationships of time and space (and power, generating an architectonic form of the traditional school characterized by its genres and literacies. In the other VLE, considering its architectonic form, we concluded that the design tends to favor the use of different modes of language - textual, graphic, sound, with static and dynamic images with easy communication/interaction in the contemporary technological media.

  19. Energy saving based on the reduction of losses in the transmission and distribution of the power generated incrementing the transmission capacities by means of the use of direct current; Ahorro de energia basado en la reduccion de perdidas en la transmision y redistribucion de la generacion al ampliar las capacidades de transmision por medio del empleo de la transmision en corriente directa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meraz Ateca, E.; Alanis Rodriguez, J.P.; Salinas Barrera, H.; Arechiga Rodriguez, L.D.; Guerrero Garza, J.J. [Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) (Mexico)

    1995-12-31

    alternating current terminal is recovered from the power lines and there will not be generation restrictions because of the unavailability of alternating current power lines; the achieved reliability is not evaluated, but it will be another benefit. The other option proposed for the project of utilization of power lines with direct current, consists in modifying or using the tie that will be constructed for the Rio Escondido Thermal Electric Station to the Northern Zone and that will operate in parallel with the alternating current network. This project provides the benefits of saving losses of about 20 MW. It is also achieved the increase in effective transmission capacity towards the Northern Zone, due to the fact that it will be Also available a controlled power mean, which facilitates the dispatch functions and re-distribution of power flows in the alternating current network. This tie is proposed of 500 MW operating in bi-polar form at least of 400 KV and reaching up to the Chihuahua Zone, allowing besides the re-dispatching of units to the Northern Zone in counting with greater capacity of effective transmission. The saving in re-dispatching could be significative; additionally, this tie will free transmission capacity from the Coal Power Stations towards the Monterrey Zone. This paper does not get deeper into the advantages regarding the dynamic behavior of the electric system in operating these ties in direct current, but they are not less important, since they can contribute with great benefits to the system during disturbance or emergency conditions. [Espanol] El presenta trabajo propone el empleo de la tecnologia de transmision en corriente directa, que proporciona un ahorro de perdidas de orden del 50% al transmitir la misma cantidad de potencia que la linea energizada en corriente alterna, asi como el contar con una mayor capacidad de transmision, dado que la limitante en la linea trabajando en corriente directa esta dada por su capacidad termica. El aspecto del

  20. Influence of the synthesis conditions of gold nanoparticles on the structure and architectonics of dipeptide composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loskutov, Alexander I.; Guskova, Olga A.; Grigoriev, Sergey N.; Oshurko, Vadim B.; Tarasiuk, Aleksei V.; Uryupina, Olga Ya.

    2016-08-01

    A wide variety of peptides and their natural ability to self-assemble makes them very promising candidates for the fabrication of solid-state devices based on nano- and mesocrystals. In this work, we demonstrate an approach to form peptide composite layers with gold nanoparticles through in situ reduction of chloroauric acid trihydrate by dipeptide and/or dipeptide/formaldehyde mixture in the presence of potassium carbonate at different ratios of components. Appropriate composition of components for the synthesis of highly stable gold colloidal dispersion with particle size of 34-36 nm in dipeptide/formaldehyde solution is formulated. Infrared spectroscopy results indicate that dipeptide participates in the reduction process, conjugation with gold nanoparticles and the self-assembly in 2D, which accompanied by changing peptide chain conformations. The structure and morphology of the peptide composite solid layers with gold nanoparticles on gold, mica and silica surfaces are characterized by atomic force microscopy. In these experiments, the flat particles, dendrites, chains, mesocrystals and Janus particles are observed depending on the solution composition and the substrate/interface used. The latter aspect is studied on the molecular level using computer simulations of individual peptide chains on gold, mica and silica surfaces.

  1. From the Lab to the Scaffold: Laser Cleaning of Polychromed Architectonic Elements and Sculptures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castillejo, M.; Domingo, C.; Guerra-Librero, F.; Jadraque, M.; Martín, M.; Oujja, M.; Rebollar, E.; Torres, R.

    This work presents the results of laboratory tests aiming at the characterization of painting materials by LIB and FT-Raman spectroscopies and at identification of the best laser cleaning conditions of polychromes of Spanish Heritage: polychromes on gypsum mortar of the Church-Fortress of Santa Tecla of Cervera de la Cañada, Zaragoza, fifteenth century, and appliqué relief brocades on wooden sculptures of the Chapel of San Miguel, Cathedral of Jaca, Huesca, sixteenth century.

  2. Discussion on gigantic architectonic structure%浅析巨型建筑结构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董爱梅

    2004-01-01

    从高层建筑抗侧力体系出发,分析了巨型结构体系的各种形式和受力特点,经研究可知,巨型建筑结构在传力、抗震、抗侧刚度和发挥材料特长等方面具有很强的优越性.

  3. The Experience of Consciousness: The Architectonic of the Grundlage der gesammten Wissenschaftslehre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronnie Mather

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The key work of the early Johann Gottlieb Fichte (at least in regard to the interpretation of his system is the Grundlage ser gesammten Wissenschaftslehre [Foundation of the Entire Doctrine of Science] of 1794-95. The very circumstances of its publication ensure that it is a rather terse and disjointed statement of Fichtean philosophy. It consists of a very short preface, a “famous” (at least in the sense of actually being read section devoted to first principles, the so-called “basic propositions of the entire doctrine of science,” and eight discourses of widely diverging length. The first discourse, devoted to the “theoretical” Wissenschaftslehre is one and a half times the length of the other seven. The third, fourth, fifth, sixth and eighth are barely a few pages long. It is an extremely peculiar work and not merely due to the circumstances of its publication. Its very argumentative structure threatens to trap the reader in forming hasty and preliminary judgements on the exact nature of the philosophical claims being made, and, quite specifically, those philosophical claims which might be ascribed to the author himself. The following contends that lack of attention to the structure of a work that, admittedly, exhibits very little in an overt fashion has led to wholesale confusion about the early system and its philosophical intent. Specifically, that too much attention has been paid to the famous section on grounding principles, and, furthermore, that attention only to these sections will lead to fundamental confusion and misunderstanding. This paper will attempt to examine this peculiar Fichtean text via the readings made by Dieter Henrich and Frederick Neuhouser, respectively.

  4. Architectonic mapping of somatosensory areas involved in skilled forelimb movements and tool use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, Andrei; Nascimento-Silva, Márcio L; Keher, Natalia B; Bittencourt-Navarrete, Ruben Ernesto; Gattass, Ricardo; Franca, João G

    2016-05-01

    Cebus monkeys stand out from other New World monkeys by their ability to perform fine hand movements, and by their spontaneous use of tools in the wild. Those behaviors rely on the integration of somatosensory information, which occurs in different areas of the parietal cortex. Although a few studies have examined and parceled the somatosensory areas of the cebus monkey, mainly using electrophysiological criteria, very little is known about its anatomical organization. In this study we used SMI-32 immunohistochemistry, myelin, and Nissl stains to characterize the architecture of the parietal cortical areas of cebus monkeys. Seven cortical areas were identified between the precentral gyrus and the anterior bank of the intraparietal sulcus. Except for areas 3a and 3b, distinction between different somatosensory areas was more evident in myelin-stained sections and SMI-32 immunohistochemistry than in Nissl stain, especially for area 2 and subdivisions of area 5. Our results show that cebus monkeys have a relatively complex somatosensory cortex, similar to that of macaques and humans. This suggests that, during primate evolution, the emergence of new somatosensory areas underpinned complex manual behaviors in most Old World simians and in the New World cebus monkey. J. Comp. Neurol. 524:1399-1423, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  5. VLSI design

    CERN Document Server

    Chandrasetty, Vikram Arkalgud

    2011-01-01

    This book provides insight into the practical design of VLSI circuits. It is aimed at novice VLSI designers and other enthusiasts who would like to understand VLSI design flows. Coverage includes key concepts in CMOS digital design, design of DSP and communication blocks on FPGAs, ASIC front end and physical design, and analog and mixed signal design. The approach is designed to focus on practical implementation of key elements of the VLSI design process, in order to make the topic accessible to novices. The design concepts are demonstrated using software from Mathworks, Xilinx, Mentor Graphic

  6. Bioclimatic analysis and its impact within the design methodology; Analisis bioclimatico y su impacto dentro de la metodologia de diseno

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fuentes Fleixanet, Victor A; Rodriguez Viqueira Manuel [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana Azcapotzalco, Mexico, D.F(Mexico)

    2000-07-01

    This paper is a proposal for the systematization of the process of bioclimatic design, particularly in its analytical stage. It is based on the proposals of the classic researchers such as: Olgyay, Givoni and Szokolay, but also in new contributions like those of Yeang. Nevertheless, it is about a methodology adapted to the specific requirements of teaching and research that are carried out in the Bioclimatic Design Laboratory of the Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Azcapotzalco Unit. What is presented here is a part of a very ample research project that intends to develop or to structure a design methodology that incorporates the environmental variables related to man and architecture: of course, with the objective of facilitating the designer work so that the final architectonic product has a more harmonic response to the environment, offers conditions of integral well- being to its occupants and be is efficient in the handling of the resources. It also looks for the definition of the necessary analysis, design and evaluation tools, necessary in order that the application of the methodology is clear, simple and can be carried out by any designer, even if he does not have a wide knowledge of bioclimatic design. [Spanish] Este trabajo es una propuesta para la sistematizacion del proceso de diseno bioclimatico, particularmente en su etapa analitica. Se basa en las propuestas de los investigadores clasicos como: Olgyay, Givoni y Szokolay, pero tambien en nuevas aportaciones como las de Yeang. Sin embargo se trata de una metodologia adaptada a los requerimientos especificos de docencia e investigacion que se llevan a cabo en el Laboratorio de Diseno Bioclimatico de la Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana Unidad Azcapotzalco. Lo que aqui se presenta forma parte de un proyecto de investigacion muy amplio que pretende, desarrollar o estructurar una metodologia de diseno que incorpore las variables ambientales relacionadas con el hombre y la arquitectura: desde luego, con

  7. Design Anthropology in Participatory Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smith, Rachel Charlotte; Kjærsgaard, Mette Gislev

    2015-01-01

    This focus section explores the opportunities of design anthropology in participatory design as an approach to research and design in an increasingly global and digital world. Traditionally, ethnography has been used in Participatory design to research real-life contexts and challenges, and as ways...... opportunities of using design anthropology as a holistic and critical approach to addressing societal challenges and change, and a way for anthropologists and designers to engage in participatory research and design that extend beyond the empirical....

  8. Design Compass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stokholm, Marianne Denise J.

    2006-01-01

    is needed. This paper describes a design concept, in line with the emerging understanding and use of design, and presents a simple tool for support of design management and cooperation in interdisciplinary and intercultural teams. The tool, named “Design Compass”, describes design, not as a profession......, but as a cross field of interacting contexts and places design as both product and process in the centre. It build on a combination of ancient Greek and Roman definitions of man the made and recent models of integrated design by “state of the art” design studios like IDEO. It deals with the interaction...... of contextual based knowledge and values in the design, where integration and optimization acts as the main drive of the process. With this tools design matters can be mapped, described and communicated and knowledge shared among participants in design booth within and among companies and design teams...

  9. Research Design and Statistical Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szymanski, Edna Mora

    1993-01-01

    Presents fourth editorial in series, this one describing research design and explaining its relationship to statistical design. Research design, validity, and research approaches are examined, quantitative research designs and hypothesis testing are described, and control and statistical designs are discussed. Concludes with section on the art of…

  10. Design Anthropology in Participatory Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smith, Rachel Charlotte; Gislev Kjærsgaard, Mette

    2014-01-01

    In this workshop we explore the opportunities of ethnography and design anthropology in Participatory Design (PD) as an approach to design in an increasingly global and digital world. Traditionally, ethnography has been used in PD to research real-life contexts and challenges, and as ways...... opportunities of using design anthropology as a holistic and critical approach to societal challenges, and a way for anthropologists and designers to engage in design that extends beyond the empirical....

  11. Evidensbaseret design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pagh, Jesper

    2013-01-01

    Debatindlæg om evidensbaseret design, som argumenterer for at det dels er en gammeldags, modernistisk tilgang til design, dels ikke baserer sig på evidens.......Debatindlæg om evidensbaseret design, som argumenterer for at det dels er en gammeldags, modernistisk tilgang til design, dels ikke baserer sig på evidens....

  12. Transformative Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tamke, Martin; Kobiella, Olaf

    2007-01-01

    The paper presents an architectural design method, which was tested in a master class for four times. It combines the education of complex digital tools with their simultaneous use in the whole design process of an architectural (experimental) building design. The design method contains four steps...

  13. FPGA design

    CERN Document Server

    Simpson, Philip

    2010-01-01

    This book describes best practices for successful FPGA design. It is the result of the author's meetings with hundreds of customers on the challenges facing each of their FPGA design teams. By gaining an understanding into their design environments, processes, what works and what does not work, key areas of concern in implementing system designs have been identified and a recommended design methodology to overcome these challenges has been developed. This book's content has a strong focus on design teams that are spread across sites. The goal being to increase the productivity of FPGA design t

  14. Design Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansson, Martin Wetterstrand

    2007-01-01

    . Experiments can be set up to explore possible futures and design games has the qualities of elegantly focus the work at the same time as it lessens the burden for the process facilitator. The present paper goes into detail about how design games can be set up to facilitate collaboration and how the design......In this paper design games are discussed as an approach to managing design sessions. The focus is on the collaborative design session and more particular on how to set up the collaboration and reinsure progress. Design games have the advantage of framing the collaborative assignment at hand...

  15. VLSI design

    CERN Document Server

    Basu, D K

    2014-01-01

    Very Large Scale Integrated Circuits (VLSI) design has moved from costly curiosity to an everyday necessity, especially with the proliferated applications of embedded computing devices in communications, entertainment and household gadgets. As a result, more and more knowledge on various aspects of VLSI design technologies is becoming a necessity for the engineering/technology students of various disciplines. With this goal in mind the course material of this book has been designed to cover the various fundamental aspects of VLSI design, like Categorization and comparison between various technologies used for VLSI design Basic fabrication processes involved in VLSI design Design of MOS, CMOS and Bi CMOS circuits used in VLSI Structured design of VLSI Introduction to VHDL for VLSI design Automated design for placement and routing of VLSI systems VLSI testing and testability The various topics of the book have been discussed lucidly with analysis, when required, examples, figures and adequate analytical and the...

  16. Mechanical design

    CERN Document Server

    Risitano, Antonino

    2011-01-01

    METHODOLOGICAL STATEMENT OF ENGINEERING DESIGNApproaches to product design and developmentMechanical design and environmental requirementsPROPERTIES OF ENGINEERING MATERIALSMaterials for mechanical designCharacterization of metalsStress conditionsFatigue of materialsOptimum material selection in mechanical designDESIGN OF MECHANICAL COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMSFailure theoriesHertz theoryLubrificationShafts and bearingsSplines and keysSpringsFlexible machine elementsSpur gearsPress and shrink fitsPressure tubesCouplingsClutchesBrakes

  17. Business design or Creative design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Suna; Lassen, Astrid Heidemann; Nielsen, Louise Møller

    2008-01-01

    Business design is about turning good ideas into future business, but it requires a great entrepreneurial opportunity to be exploited via a valid strategic and organizational design. The literature says much about how entrepreneurs design strategies and organizations, but how do they design...

  18. Memory design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tanderup, Sisse

    Mind and Matter - Nordik 2009 Conference for Art Historians Design Matters Contributed Memory design BACKGROUND My research concerns the use of memory categories in the designs by the companies Alessi and Georg Jensen. When Alessi's designers create their products, they are usually inspired...... by cultural forms, often specifically by the concept of memory in philosophy, sociology and psychology, while Danish design traditionally has been focusing on form and function with frequent references to the forms of nature. Alessi's motivation for investigating the concept of memory is that it adds...... a cultural dimension to the design objects, enabling the objects to make an identity-forming impact. Whether or not the concept of memory plays a significant role in Danish design has not yet been elucidated fully. TERMINOLOGY The concept of "memory design" refers to the idea that design carries...

  19. Design Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    explored field, and offers a truly interdisciplinary approach to the treatment of design and the design process. It is valuable reading for students in disciplines such as design studies and theory, participatory design, informatics, arts based education, planning, sociology and interdisciplinary......Design Research is a new interdisciplinary research area with a social science orientation at its heart, and this book explores how scientific knowledge can be put into practice in ways that are at once ethical, creative, helpful, and extraordinary in their results. In order to clarify the common...... aspects – in terms of features and approaches – that characterize all strands of research disciplines addressing design, Design Research undertakes an in depth exploration of the social processes involved in doing design, as well as analyses of the contexts for design use. The book further elicits...

  20. ECO DESIGN IN DESIGN PROCESS

    OpenAIRE

    PRALEA Jeni; SOLTUZ Elena

    2014-01-01

    Eco-design is a new domain, required by the new trends and existing concerns worldwide, generated by the necessity of adopting new design principles. New design principles require the designer to provide a friendly relationship between concept created, environment and consume. This "friendly" relationship should be valid both at present and in the future, generating new opportunities for product, product components or materials from which it was made. Awareness, by the designer, the imp...

  1. Design culture and design education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riisberg, Vibeke; Bang, Anne Louise

    2014-01-01

    to change the education of future designers. This is an emerging field at a number of design schools across the world, among these Design School Kolding in Denmark. In this paper we understand and discuss design education as part of a cultural phenomenon. The aim of our research is to develop new dialogue....... In this paper we discuss ways in which design education might contribute in changing the current professional culture in order to meet the need for more sustainable futures....

  2. Designing Interfaces

    CERN Document Server

    Tidwell, Jenifer

    2010-01-01

    Despite all of the UI toolkits available today, it's still not easy to design good application interfaces. This bestselling book is one of the few reliable sources to help you navigate through the maze of design options. By capturing UI best practices and reusable ideas as design patterns, Designing Interfaces provides solutions to common design problems that you can tailor to the situation at hand. This updated edition includes patterns for mobile apps and social media, as well as web applications and desktop software. Each pattern contains full-color examples and practical design advice th

  3. Designing pathways

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scheuer, John Damm

    2010-01-01

    The theoretical background in this chapter is organizational studies and especially theories about design and design processes in organizations. The concept of design is defined as a particular kind of work aimed at making arrangements in order to change existing situations into desired ones....... The illustrative case example is the introduction of clinical pathways in a psychiatric department. The contribution to a general core of design research is the development of the concept of design work and a critical discussion of the role of technological rules in design work....

  4. Designing motivation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    are grappling with how to create motivating products, and as a primer for students who want a brief introduction to some of the relevant theories, findings and design interventions in these fields. The editor's introduction raises a number of issues encountered when we try to apply behavioural research......How can products be designed to change our habits for the better? What is some of the leading research that designers can draw on to create new systems that motivate people towards healthier behaviour? Designing Motivation is an edited collection of ‘industrialist cheat sheets’: 22 single......-page summaries of research articles relating to technology design, motivation, and behaviour change. Ranging across the fields of economics, sociology, design research and behavioural science, each summary draws out the design implications of the research. It is intended as a resource for designers who...

  5. Design Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandt, Eva

    2007-01-01

    traditions into a research based institution for higher education is demanding. Danmarks Designskole is in the middle of this process, many activities are initiated, both employees and students are involved, and from outside representatives from various design professions. The design process has many...... stakeholders with various interests and opinions. The aim it is not to design a computer system, a service or product but re-designing curriculum, work procedures, self images etc. which support educating designers of the future. This paper reports on two investigations that have been carried through as part...... of the change processes at Danmarks Designskole. A questionnaire explore the present students reasons for wanting to become designers and their expectations to the design education and future jobs. Eight focus groups including representatives from various design professions discuss what skills and competencies...

  6. Design Anthropology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gunn, Wendy

    Design anthropology is a call for a different way of involving anthropology and participatory observation within practices of designing technologies, services, policies and infrastructure that does not aim towards changing human behavior. Here design is considered the process and not the object...... of inquiry. The paper presents a short history of design anthropology, its theoretical underpinnings and methodologies. Theoretically, the emerging field is influenced by processual, critical and action orientated approaches in anthropology. I argue that by combining anthropological methodology and knowledge...... with the future orientated imaginative praxis of design skill and collaborative design processes, anthropology and design could learn from each other. I conclude by referring to what theories, methods, and approaches are in use by practitioners of design anthropology....

  7. Design typology and design organisation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Mogens Myrup; Wognum, N.; McAloone, Timothy Charles

    2002-01-01

    The idea of focusing upon the creation of a design typology was articulated by [Andreasen & Wognum 2000] and detailed by [Andreasen & Wognum 2001]. The aim was to propose a typology, which could serve as identification of design types and design research contributions. For a long period the design...... research society has recognised normative procedural models of designing as being a reasonable answer to the question: How do designing proceed? The reasoning behind the models, from which the design methodology model by [Pahl & Beitz 1995], may be seen as a characteristic one, was a mix of human problem...... solving-, design management-, and artefact nature-reasoning. Critique has been raised to that type of models as being neither explanatory nor instructive. If we accept these models as merely being pragmatically "stepping-stone" explanations of what happens during designing, it is interesting to observe...

  8. Automotive Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    Analytical Design Service Corporation, Ann Arbor, MI, used NASTRAN (a NASA Structural Analysis program that analyzes a design and predicts how parts will perform) in tests of transmissions, engine cooling systems, internal engine parts, and body components. They also use it to design future automobiles. Analytical software can save millions by allowing computer simulated analysis of performance even before prototypes are built.

  9. Mechatronic design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Amerongen, van Job

    2003-01-01

    Mechatronic design is the integrated design of a mechanical system and its embedded control system. In order to make proper choices early in the design stage, tools are required that support modelling and simulation of physical systems––together with the controllers––with parameters that are directl

  10. Algorithm design

    CERN Document Server

    Kleinberg, Jon

    2006-01-01

    Algorithm Design introduces algorithms by looking at the real-world problems that motivate them. The book teaches students a range of design and analysis techniques for problems that arise in computing applications. The text encourages an understanding of the algorithm design process and an appreciation of the role of algorithms in the broader field of computer science.

  11. Design Accountability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koskinen, Ilpo; Krogh, Peter

    2015-01-01

    design research is that where classical research is interested in singling out a particular aspect and exploring it in depth, design practice is characterized by balancing numerous concerns in a heterogenous and occasionally paradoxical product. It is on this basis the notion of design accountability...

  12. Design Dancing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Denise J. Stokholm, Marianne

    2013-01-01

    and lower the benefits of team design as a matter of integration and transformation which benefit from a diversity of input through interdisciplinary design. This paper describes a design style approach to research as a continuous process of trial and error with the idea of creating and demonstrating...

  13. Design Processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ovesen, Nis

    2009-01-01

    advantages and challenges of agile processes in mobile software and web businesses are identified. The applicability of these agile processes is discussed in re- gards to design educations and product development in the domain of Industrial Design and is briefly seen in relation to the concept of dromology......Inspiration for most research and optimisations on design processes still seem to focus within the narrow field of the traditional design practise. The focus in this study turns to associated businesses of the design professions in order to learn from their development processes. Through interviews...

  14. Mobilities Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.; Lanng, Ditte Bendix

    that of ‘mobilities design’. The book revolves around the following research question: How are design decisions and interventions staging mobilities? It builds upon the Staging Mobilities model (Jensen 2013) in an explorative inquiry into the problems and potentials of the design of mobilities. The exchange value...... between mobilities and design research is twofold. To mobilities research this means getting closer to the ‘material’, and to engage in the creative, explorative and experimental approaches of the design world which offer new potentials for innovative research. Design research, on the other hand, might...... enter into a fruitful relationship with mobilities research, offering a relational and mobile design thinking and a valuable base for a reflective design practice around the ubiquitous structures, spaces and systems of mobilities....

  15. Design spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2005-01-01

    Digital technologies and media are becoming increasingly embodied and entangled in the spaces and places at work and at home. However, our material environment is more than a geometric abstractions of space: it contains familiar places, social arenas for human action. For designers, the integration...... alternatives for integrating digital technology with space. Connecting practical design work with conceptual development and theorizing, art with technology, and usesr-centered methods with social sciences, Design Spaces provides a useful research paradigm for designing ubiquitous computing. This book...... of digital technology with space poses new challenges that call for new approaches. Creative alternatives to traditional systems methodologies are called for when designers use digital media to create new possibilities for action in space. Design Spaces explores how design and media art can provide creative...

  16. Design Research as Conceptual Designing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ylirisku, Salu; Jacucci, Giulio; Sellen, Abigail;

    2015-01-01

    define conceptual designing as a constructive framing and re-framing activity, which is mediated by and targeted at the creation of new design concepts. Conceptual designing as an approach is valuable for addressing the fuzziness and ambiguity typical of research that explores novel areas with new...... partners, methods and resources. It is by no means a new phenomenon, and the main contribution of the article is the clarification of conceptual designing as a particular approach to designing and researching. The approach embraces openness, resource-construction and collaboration. We conclude...... that conceptual designing can be especially useful in research and design projects that bring different kinds of people, organizations, technologies and domains together into the forming of new well-founded proposals for development. The presentation of conceptual designing in this paper is written...

  17. Design and analysis of an intelligent public FV lighting system; Diseno y analisis de un alumbrado publico FV inteligente

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hanessian D, Ana V.; Gordon, Manuel [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Unidad Azcapotzalco, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    2009-07-01

    In the Mexico's National Energy Balance of 2008, it is considered that of the total of the electrical power consumption in our country, 18% is dedicated to lighting. Conscious of the necessity of saving energy in public lighting in this article is presented the design, construction and analysis of the power consumption of a public light fed with electricity of photovoltaic cells and the control of intensity on the light in inverse way of the natural light. A lamp constructed based in light emitting diodes (LEDs) is used. This has the quality of consuming very little energy that could be provided by the sun and be stored to use it at night. With this system, proven at scale, energy savings are obtained superior to 50% of the conventional one and, in relation to the commercial photovoltaic (FV) luminaries up to 30%. [Spanish] Del Balance Nacional de Energia, de Mexico, de 2008, se considera que del total del consumo de energia electrica en nuestro pais, el 18% esta dedicado a la iluminacion. Conscientes de la necesidad de ahorrar energia en alumbrado publico, en este articulo se presenta el diseno de construccion y analisis del consumo energetico de una luminaria publica alimentada con electricidad de celdas fotovoltaicas y el control de intensidad de la luz de manera inversa a la luz natural. Se utiliza un foco construido a base a los diodos emisores de luz (LEDs, por sus siglas en ingles). Estos tienen la cualidad de consumir muy poca energia que podra ser suministrada por el sol y almacenada para utilizarla en la noche. Con este sistema, probado a escala, se logran ahorros de energia superiores al 50% del convencional y, en relacion a las luminarias fotovoltaicas (FV) comerciales, hasa el 30%.

  18. ECO DESIGN IN DESIGN PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PRALEA Jeni

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Eco-design is a new domain, required by the new trends and existing concerns worldwide, generated by the necessity of adopting new design principles. New design principles require the designer to provide a friendly relationship between concept created, environment and consume. This "friendly" relationship should be valid both at present and in the future, generating new opportunities for product, product components or materials from which it was made. Awareness, by the designer, the importance of this new trend, permits the establishment of concepts that have as their objective the protection of present values and ensuring the legacy of future generations. Ecodesig, by its principles, is involved in the design process, from early stage, the stage of product design. Priority objective of the designers will consist in reducing the negative effects on the environment through the entire life cycle and after it is taken out of use. The main aspects of the eco-design will consider extending product exploitation, make better use of materials, reduction of emission of waste. The design process in the "eco"domein must be started by selecting the function of the concept, materials and technological processes, causing the shape of macro and micro geometric of the product through an analysis that involves optimizing and streamlining the product. This paper presents the design process of a cross-sports footwear concept, built on the basis of the principles of ecodesign

  19. Integrated Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Michael; Nielsen, M. W.; Strømann-Andersen, Jakob Bjørn

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a case study of the implementation of integrated design in an actual architectural competition. The design process was carried out at a highly esteemed architectural office and attended by both engineers and architects working towards mutual goals of architectural excellence......, low-energy consumption, and high-quality indoor environment. We use this case study to investigate how technical knowledge about building performance can be integrated into the conceptual design stage. We have selected certain points during the design process that represented design challenges...... and describe the decision process. Specific attention is given to how the engineering input was presented and how it was able to facilitate the design development. Site and context, building shape, organization of functions and HVAC-systems were all included to obtain a complete picture of the building...

  20. Cooperative design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Kjeld

    1998-01-01

    they are facing. On one hand, designers need highly flexible ‘coordination mecha-nisms’ that can support horizontal coordination of large-scale distributed design projects, and on the other hand design organizations require versatile and ubiquitous infrastructures to be able to manage their ‘common informa......In the contemporary world, engineers and designers face huge challenges as they shift towards novel organizational concepts such as ‘concurrent engineering’ in order to manage increasing product diversity so as to satisfy customer demands while trying to accelerate the design process to deal...... with the competitive realities of a global market and decreasing product life cycles. In this environment, the coordination and integration of the myriads of interdependent and yet distributed and concurrent design activities becomes enormously complex. It thus seems as if CSCW technologies may be indispensable...

  1. Opportunity Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    or development oriented, the act of ‘recognition’ is still a central part of the definition. Recently the term “Opportunity Design” has been introduced, suggesting that opportunities can be proactively and intentionally designed. However, the relatedness between the opportunity recognition process...... and opportunity design is not clear. Furthermore, there is still a lack of approaches, methods and tools, which can support entrepreneurs in designing the entrepreneurial opportunities. In this paper, we take steps towards defining opportunity design in respect to the opportunity recognition process, and identify...... some of the specific approaches applicable to the design of opportunities. By looking at industrial designers working with entrepreneurial opportunities, it becomes evident that there is a set of approaches, which can turn the opportunity recognition process into an intentional and proactive process....

  2. Workspace Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seim, Rikke

    Arbejdsmiljø adresseres sjældent i den klassike tekniske tilgang til arbejdspladsdesign. Workspace Design konceptet er et alternativ tilgang til design eller re-design af arbejdspladser, baseret på en socio-teknisk systemforståelse, hvor hovedprincipperne er 1) transformation af...... arbejdsmiljørådgiveren til facilitator af arbejdspladsdesignprocessen og 2) transformation af medarbejderne til co-designere af deres egen arbejdsplads. Dette ph.d.-projekt er en del af Workspace Design forskningsprogrammet som har udviklet og testet Workspace Design konceptet og de tilhørende metoder ved intervention i...... arbejdspladsdesignprocesser i tre virksomheder tilhørende henholdsvis industri-, service- og sundhedssektoren. Ph.d.-projektet har belyst hvordan en medarbejderinvolverende designproces kan iscenesættes og faciliteres af arbejdsmiljøprofessionelle ved hjælp af kreative, visuelle metoder inspireret af Participatory Design...

  3. Workplace design

    OpenAIRE

    Karanika-Murray, M; Michaelides, George

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE – Although both job design and its broader context are likely to drive motivation, little is known about the specific workplace characteristics that are important for motivation. The purpose of this paper is to present the Workplace Characteristics Model, which describes the workplace characteristics that can foster motivation, and the corresponding multilevel Workplace Design Questionnaire.\\ud \\ud DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH – The model is configured as nine workplace attributes desc...

  4. Design theory

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    This book deals with the basic subjects of design theory. It begins with balanced incomplete block designs, various constructions of which are described in ample detail. In particular, finite projective and affine planes, difference sets and Hadamard matrices, as tools to construct balanced incomplete block designs, are included. Orthogonal latin squares are also treated in detail. Zhu's simpler proof of the falsity of Euler's conjecture is included. The construction of some classes of balanced incomplete block designs, such as Steiner triple systems and Kirkman triple systems, are also given.

  5. Designated Places

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — Census 2000 Place Names provides a seamless statewide GIS layer of places, including census designated places (CDP), consolidated cities, and incorporated places,...

  6. Cryostat Design

    CERN Document Server

    Parma, V

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to give non-expert engineers and scientists working in the domain of accelerators a general introduction to the main disciplines and technologies involved in the design and construction of accelerator cryostats. Far from being an exhaustive coverage of these topics, an attempt is made to provide simple design and calculation rules for a preliminary design of cryostats. Recurrent reference is made to the Large Hadron Collider magnet cryostats, as most of the material presented is taken from their design and construction at CERN.

  7. Designing Organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Book Description The design of organizations has been an ongoing concern of management theory and practice over the past several decades. Over this time, there has been little change in the fundamental theory, principles and concepts of Organization Design (OD). Recently organizational life has....... The individual chapters are organized into five sections: (1) Putting Contingency Theory in its Place, (2) Focus on Individuals who make up the Organization, (3) Innovation Processes and Organization Design, (4) Adaptation and Technology, and (5) Design for Performance. Each chapter examines aspects of the books...

  8. User design

    CERN Document Server

    Carr-Chellman, Alison A

    2012-01-01

    User Design offers a fresh perspective on how front-line learners (users) can participate in the design of learning environments. The author challenges the universal assumption that front-line users must be relegated to the role of offering input, and that the actual design activity of learning systems must still be conducted only by experts. The book presents a new set of methods and strategies that show how the tools of professional designers can be effectively shared with broad groups of users and other participants in the process of creating their own learning. Drawing

  9. Enabling Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-21

    What are the Team Roles ? ................................................................................... 31  What Size Should the Team Be...will have to assess these considerations against the size, expertise required, and the specific analysis method desired. What are the Team Roles ? Roles...useful to organize the work. A Design Team would be characterized as a short- life organization.28 Design Team roles are established and defined casually

  10. Dark Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2008; Vannini 2010). Empirically the paper breaches from the author’s own research into sky trains, metros, drones, and street design (e.g. Jensen 2013, 2014; Jensen & Lanng 2016) over secondary research into the social exclusion taking place by the design of infrastructure spaces and application...

  11. Integrated Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lenau, Torben Anker

    1999-01-01

    A homepage on the internet with course material, lecture plan, student exercises, etc. Continuesly updated during the course Integrated Design (80402, 80403)......A homepage on the internet with course material, lecture plan, student exercises, etc. Continuesly updated during the course Integrated Design (80402, 80403)...

  12. Persuasive Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gram-Hansen, Sandra Burri

    2013-01-01

    of the specific context. This paper argues that the claim of persuasive design may not be the ability to change the user’s attitude or behaviour towards a given subject, but rather on the ability to create designs, which adapt the context in a way, which facilitates the ability to act within the opportune moment....

  13. Japansk design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kural, René

    2005-01-01

    Artiklen udspringer af interviews med ti af Japans bedste møbeldesignere, grafikere, arkitekter og designfirmaer. Efter samtalerne var der tre træk ved japansk design, som trådte frem: god økonomi, fantasi og vovemod. Det bedste japanske design fusionerer vovemod med den unikke japanske kultur med...

  14. Intelligent Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjorth, Poul G.

    2005-01-01

    Forestillingen om at naturen er designet af en guddommelig 'intelligens' er et smukt filosofisk princip. Teorier om Intelligent Design som en naturvidenskabeligt baseret teori er derimod helt forfærdelig.......Forestillingen om at naturen er designet af en guddommelig 'intelligens' er et smukt filosofisk princip. Teorier om Intelligent Design som en naturvidenskabeligt baseret teori er derimod helt forfærdelig....

  15. Publication Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Roy Paul

    This book is designed to solve the problem of coordinating art and typography with content in publications. Through text and illustrations, this book suggests ways to make pages and spreads in magazines, newspapers, and books attractive and readable. As a book of techniques, it is directed at potential and practicing art directors, designers, and…

  16. Opportunity Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Løwe Nielsen, Suna; Lassen, Astrid Heidemann; Nielsen, Louise Møller

    2013-01-01

    design”. The framework explains how opportunities intentionally and pro-actively can be designed from methods and processes of moving-in and moving-out. An illustrative case of opportunity design within the area of sustainable energy and electric cars is presented to link the theoretical discussion...

  17. Interior Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.

    This document contains teacher's materials for an eight-unit secondary education vocational home economics course on interior design. The units cover period styles of interiors, furniture and accessories, surface treatments and lighting, appliances and equipment, design and space planning in home and business settings, occupant needs, acquisition…

  18. Aircraft Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowers, Albion H. (Inventor); Uden, Edward (Inventor)

    2016-01-01

    The present invention is an aircraft wing design that creates a bell shaped span load, which results in a negative induced drag (induced thrust) on the outer portion of the wing; such a design obviates the need for rudder control of an aircraft.

  19. Furniture design

    CERN Document Server

    Smardzewski, Jerzy

    2015-01-01

    Maximizing reader insights into the principles of designing furniture as wooden structures, this book discusses issues related to the history of furniture structures, their classification and characteristics, ergonomic approaches to anthropometric requirements and safety of use. It presents key methods and highlights common errors in designing the characteristics of the materials, components, joints and structures, as well as looking at the challenges regarding developing associated design documentation. Including analysis of how designers may go about calculating the stiffness and endurance of parts, joints and whole structures, the book analyzes questions regarding the loss of furniture stability and the resulting threats to health of the user, putting forward a concept of furniture design as an engineering processes. Creating an attractive, functional, ergonomic and safe piece of furniture is not only the fruit of the work of individual architects and artists, but requires an effort of many people working ...

  20. Design junctions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Ulrik

    2012-01-01

    . This case study illustrates how dominant regimes of practice, established through the conception of pathogen bacteria and antibacterial treatments and disinfection, are now creating signals that call into question fundamental design of hygiene practices. By examining the epistemic assumptions of scientific......This article discusses the question: Are weak signals independent of framing and interactions with the environment? The response proposed here is that many of the developments identified by efforts to detect and interpret weak signals are the result of designed interventions that define...... given to weak signals are strongly influenced by design choices made at the outset. In this sense design is a constitutive element of both the environment and signal detection/use. An example of how design is constitutive of both context and understanding can be found in the history of hospital hygiene...

  1. Mobilities Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.; Lanng, Ditte Bendix; Wind, Simon

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we identify the nexus between design (architecture, urban design, service design, etc.) and mobilities as a new and emerging research field. In this paper, we apply a “situational mobilities” perspective and take point of departure in the pragmatist question: “What design decisions...... and interventions affords this particular mobile situation?” The paper presents the contours of an emerging research agenda within mobilities research. The advent of “mobilities design” as an emerging research field points towards a critical interest in the material as well as practical consequences of contemporary......-making. The paper proposes that increased understanding of the material affordances facilitated through design provides important insight to planning and policymaking that at times might be in risk of becoming too detached from the everyday life of the mobile subject within contemporary mobilities landscapes....

  2. Design Transformations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morrison, Ann; Knoche, Hendrik

    2014-01-01

    /implications – Ensuring relevance, by adding larger context concerns, expansive critical methods and feedback processes in a cycle of understanding, acting, learning can have useful practical and social implications. This is germane when designing for quality of everyday use in, for example, education, urban environments......Purpose – Taking a case study approach, we synchronised two courses to focus on the students working with learning and applying tools in the one course and acting on understandings gained to produce artefacts in the other. Design/methodology/approach – Working with real users throughout all stages...... of the design process, we structured two courses so findings from the evaluation methods learnt in the one course (their analyses) were directly acted on in the other (their re-designs). We fostered a group–spirited learning environment where students presented designs-in-process; explained the findings from...

  3. ARE INCLUSIVE DESIGNERS DESIGNING INCLUSIVELY?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herriott, Richard

    2013-01-01

    A large body of literature exists relating to Inclusive Design. The literature can be divided into theory concerning methodology and case studies concerning practice. With such a large body of theoretical literature available, the question arises as to how closely practice matches that theory....... This paper is a survey of the methods used in the execution of self-declared inclusively design products based on an analysis of academic papers, posters and oral presentations. The case studies are divided into two groups, product design and assistive technology. Design steps were assigned to six categories...

  4. Designer-centred design research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boess, S.U.; Van der Bijl-Brouwer, M.

    2013-01-01

    This paper demonstrates how a reworked conceptualization of method takes into account the designers’ goals as well as the nature of their activity. In that, the paper seeks to make a conceptual step in how we as design researchers approach and influence what designers do in their practice. This pape

  5. INFRASTRUCTURING DESIGN

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ertner, Sara Marie

    sites and infrastructures for project communication plays a central role for design and, ultimately, for what welfare technology comes to be. The chapters explore different processes of what I call infrastructuring design; the ongoing crafting of social, material, and technical arrangements......, in which not only technologies but also other materialities and diverse subjectivities all play important roles. Presently, relatively little is known about the co-emergence of welfare technology and design practice. The perspective of this thesis opens up for novel ways of exploring the ’social life...

  6. Persuasiv design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasle, Per

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to introduce the theme issue on “Persuasive design”. Design/methodology/approach – This editorial describes the essential ideas and purposes of persuasive design (PD). PD's relation to other IT‐disciplines and rhetoric in general is discussed. A special...... emphasis is put on the possible wider implications for the concept of information. Findings – PD makes an important difference for information systems design. It is also an obvious part of a wider development towards user involvement. PD rests not only on persuasive techniques adapted to information...

  7. Designing Users/Designing Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    1992, Vinck 2003). Based on an empirical study of a number of student projects at a university program in design engineering, the study will focus on the particular representational means entailed in the students’ work with (re)drawing boundaries when framing and constructing user identities...... and enhancing social insights and skills in the design process, a process which spans aspects of field work, analysis, ideation as well as synthesis and construction in the innovative dimensions which shapes their projects. The projects examined in the study vary in sociotechnical complexity and encompass...... themes ranging from user-oriented design to product redesign and workspace design, etc. It is expected that some of the insights gained from these projects may be related outside of the immediate context of the classroom, to inform the notion of competencies in engineering design and sociotechnical...

  8. Designing Mobilities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    How is the width of the pavement shaping the urban experience? How is the material design of transport infrastructure and mobile technology affording social interaction in everyday life spaces? How do people inhabit these spaces with their bodies and in accordance to social and cultural norms......? These are some of the questions that this book raises in order to explore how the design of mobile sites and situations affect people's everyday life. The book takes point of departure in the author's book 'Staging Mobilities' (Routledge, 2013) in which it is argued that mobility is much more than simple...... acts of moving in the city. 'Designing Mobilities' is based on more than a decade of academic research by Professor of Urban Theory, Ole B. Jensen and a must-read for students and scholars with an interest in urban studies, urban design, architecture, urban planning, transport planning and geography...

  9. Mobilities Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.; Lanng, Ditte Bendix; Wind, Simon

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we identify the nexus between design (architecture, urban design, service design, etc.) and mobilities as a new and emerging research field. In this paper, we apply a “situational mobilities” perspective and take point of departure in the pragmatist question: “What design decisions...... and interventions affords this particular mobile situation?” The paper presents the contours of an emerging research agenda within mobilities research. The advent of “mobilities design” as an emerging research field points towards a critical interest in the material as well as practical consequences of contemporary...... sites of mobilities and technology. Furthermore, the paper argues that heightened material sensitivity with an acute focus on situations and the multi-sensorial dimensions of human mobilities is largely under-prioritised within much contemporary city planning and transport planning as well as policy...

  10. Participatory Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Robertson, Toni; Simonsen, Jesper

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this book is to provide a current account of the commitments and contributions of research and practice in the Participatory Design of information technologies. An overview of the central concepts that have defined and shaped the field is provided as an introduction to the more detailed...... focus of later chapters. The target audience is identified, and the structure of the book explained. A short description of each chapter highlights its particular contributions as well as the associated challenges facing designers and researchers engaged in participatory approaches. The chapter...... concludes with some guidance and recommendations for further reading. An introduction to Participatory Design is followed by explanations of how practitioners and researchers in the field understand participation and practice and how design is approached as a process driven by social interaction...

  11. Design Diversity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dankl, Kathrina

    2014-01-01

    . The exhibition is oriented along disciplines such as inclusive design, which calls for products to be designed in such a way that they are equally attractive to people of all ages. Despite the existence of innovative design concepts, the number of well-designed products available on the market is low. While many...... are invited to contribute, and to answer for themselves the questions posed by each showcase. An accompanying program of workshops, panel discussions, lectures, and film screenings will expand upon these answers and open them up for discuss within a broader framework. The aim of the exhibition is to create...... awareness of the fact that material culture shapes our view of aging, and therefore is also capable of changing it....

  12. Design Anthropology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This edited volume provides an introduction to the emerging field of design anthropology from the point of view of anthropologists engaging in its development. Contributors include young anthropologists with experience in the field and leading theoreticians, who combine to articulate the specific...... style of knowing involved in doing design anthropology. So far design anthropology has been developed mostly in the practice of industry and the public sector, in particular in Scandinavia and the US, and the sustained academic reflection to support this practice is still in its early stages. This book...... will contribute to this theoretical reflection and provide a reference for practitioners, teachers and students of anthropology, as well as design and innovation....

  13. Mechanical design

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-01-01

    Design concepts for a 1000 mw thermal stationary power plant employing the UF6 fueled gas core breeder reactor are examined. Three design combinations-gaseous UF6 core with a solid matrix blanket, gaseous UF6 core with a liquid blanket, and gaseous UF6 core with a circulating blanket were considered. Results show the gaseous UF6 core with a circulating blanket was best suited to the power plant concept.

  14. Ship Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-01-01

    Guided missile cruiser equipped with advanced Aegis fleet defense system which automatically tracks hundreds of attacking aircraft or missiles, then fires and guides the ship's own weapons in response. Designed by Ingalls Shipbuilding for the US Navy, the U.S.S. Ticonderoga is the first of four CG-47 cruisers to be constructed. NASTRAN program was used previously in another Navy/Ingalls project involving design and construction of four DDG-993 Kidd Class guided missile destroyers.

  15. Designing Clean

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Christian; Haubjerg, Esben Lundsgaard

    2011-01-01

    perception of main actors, the role of information technology, the relation to lean, and forms of collaboration. Furthermore the focus of the variants differ (industry, organizational or project level).The paper discusses case studies of four teams of engineers and architects. It is argued that there exists...... (only) several ambiguous concepts of IDP, none well defined, and the architects and engineer struggle with the concepts even when directly involved. Precarious and negotiated consensus has to be created. The various players agree that an increased interdisciplinary interaction in the design team...... is necessary in order to comply with the increased complexity of sustainable building design. This tendency changes the traditional roles and responsibilities in the design process....

  16. Designed Places

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stender, Marie

    like the forces of nature. Based on a fieldwork in three new housing developments in Copenhagen, this paper aims to bring the financial crisis ‘down to earth’ by examining the material shapes it has taken in the spaces of everyday life. The ethnographic cases in question are places that are somewhat...... as authentic the friction that derives from the place’s history or topography. Yet, even such friction is designed. One housing complex is thus designed and branded as ‘a modern mountain village’, though situated on flat and greenfield land. Its shape grows from market forces, rather than from topography......, and when the ceilings leak water, the residents suspect it to be a consequence of the crisis. The paper discusses how market forces interact with the material surroundings we inhabit and explores the relationship between controlled and uncontrollable in the design of places....

  17. Designing Mobilities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    of departure in the sociological perspective termed ‘Staging Mobilities’ (Jensen 2013a) and utilizes this as an analytical frame for exploring cases of mobility design. The paper put focus on how the material shape, design and architectures of technologies, spaces and sites influence mobilities practices......, mobilitiy technologies or urban sites of movement we get much closer to understanding the meaning of mobilities to social interaction and culture. The cases are still representing work-in-progress but will be reported in the book ‘Designing Mobilites’ (Jensen 2013b) and will cover the four cases of......Within the so-called ‘mobilities turn’ (Adey 2010; Cresswell 2006; Urry 2007) much research has taken place during the last decade bringing mobilities into the centre of sociological analysis. However, the materiality and spatiality of artefacts, infrastructures, and sites hosting mobilities...

  18. Designed communities?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stender, Marie

    2013-01-01

    of a place is initially formed through the hands of architects, developers and estate agents, and further shaped and realized by residents, when taken into use. I suggest that by way of branding and iconic architecture these thoroughly designed environments reinforce the notion of residential space......In current residential spaces there seem to be an increasing emphasis on small-scale communities. A number of new, high profiled residential complexes thus seek to promote new ways of social living by rethinking architectural design, typologies and concepts. In this paper I explore the emergence...... as an identity unit. In Ørestad residents thus tend to identify by the name of the house they live in, rather than by the street name. These residential spaces may thus be seen as promoting micro-urban entities, as social and urban life is designed and staged within the residential complex, and activities...

  19. Design thinking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Tim

    2008-06-01

    In the past, design has most often occurred fairly far downstream in the development process and has focused on making new products aesthetically attractive or enhancing brand perception through smart, evocative advertising. Today, as innovation's terrain expands to encompass human-centered processes and services as well as products, companies are asking designers to create ideas rather than to simply dress them up. Brown, the CEO and president of the innovation and design firm IDEO, is a leading proponent of design thinking--a method of meeting people's needs and desires in a technologically feasible and strategically viable way. In this article he offers several intriguing examples of the discipline at work. One involves a collaboration between frontline employees from health care provider Kaiser Permanente and Brown's firm to reengineer nursing-staff shift changes at four Kaiser hospitals. Close observation of actual shift changes, combined with brainstorming and rapid prototyping, produced new procedures and software that radically streamlined information exchange between shifts. The result was more time for nursing, better-informed patient care, and a happier nursing staff. Another involves the Japanese bicycle components manufacturer Shimano, which worked with IDEO to learn why 90% of American adults don't ride bikes. The interdisciplinary project team discovered that intimidating retail experiences, the complexity and cost of sophisticated bikes, and the danger of cycling on heavily trafficked roads had overshadowed people's happy memories of childhood biking. So the team created a brand concept--"Coasting"--to describe a whole new category of biking and developed new in-store retailing strategies, a public relations campaign to identify safe places to cycle, and a reference design to inspire designers at the companies that went on to manufacture Coasting bikes.

  20. VLSI design

    CERN Document Server

    Einspruch, Norman G

    1986-01-01

    VLSI Electronics Microstructure Science, Volume 14: VLSI Design presents a comprehensive exposition and assessment of the developments and trends in VLSI (Very Large Scale Integration) electronics. This volume covers topics that range from microscopic aspects of materials behavior and device performance to the comprehension of VLSI in systems applications. Each article is prepared by a recognized authority. The subjects discussed in this book include VLSI processor design methodology; the RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computer); the VLSI testing program; silicon compilers for VLSI; and special

  1. Lighting Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ellen Kathrine; Mullins, Michael

    2014-01-01

    of design developed from three experiments show how distinct qualitative and quantitative criteria in different disciplinary traditions can be integrated successfully, despite disparate technical/scientific, social scientific and art/humanities backgrounds. The model is applied to a pedagogical curriculum......Light as a multi-dimensional design element has fundamental importance for a sustainable environment. The paper discusses the need for an integration of scientific, technical and creative approaches to light and presents theory, methods and applications toward fulfilling this need. A theory...

  2. Design & Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boelskifte, Per; Jørgensen, Ulrik

    2005-01-01

    The new design and innovation programme at DTU is challenging some of the standard concepts dominating most engineering educations. The programme, its background, context and basic educational ideas are presented and discussed in this paper. To build competences that match the need for innovative...... and design oriented engineers in industry and society has turned out to challenge a number of the standard – and often taken for granted – concepts in engineering education still dominated world wide by rather strict norms and concepts of learning that do not challenge the students creativity and innovative...

  3. Sample Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Kenneth N.

    1987-01-01

    This article considers various kinds of probability and non-probability samples in both experimental and survey studies. Throughout, how a sample is chosen is stressed. Size alone is not the determining consideration in sample selection. Good samples do not occur by accident; they are the result of a careful design. (Author/JAZ)

  4. Probabilistic Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, John Dalsgaard; Burcharth, H. F.

    This chapter describes how partial safety factors can be used in design of vertical wall breakwaters and an example of a code format is presented. The partial safety factors are calibrated on a probabilistic basis. The code calibration process used to calibrate some of the partial safety factors...

  5. Experimental design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, H. S.

    1983-01-01

    The design of long life, low weight nickel cadmium cells is studied. The status of a program to optimize nickel electrodes for the best performance is discussed. The pore size of the plaque, the mechanical strength and active material loading are considered in depth.

  6. Designer Couple

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MARK CRAHAM

    2008-01-01

    @@ From running a small architecture practice in the US to overseeing some of China's most prestigious design projects, as well as a hugely successful homeware store,husband-and-wife team Lyndon Neri and Rossana Hu have come a long way in a very short space of time.

  7. Integreret Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helweg-Larsen, Klavs; Lenau, Torben Anker; Kristensen, Tore;

    Integreret Design (ItD) var et tværdisciplinært kursus, der gennemførtes i samarbejde mellem Danmarks Designskole, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet og Handelshøjskolen i København i årene 1998 - 2001. Som støtte for undervisningen blev der udviklet et kompendium i bogform, som udgives af Danmarks...

  8. Didaktisk Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Birgitte Holm; Levinsen, Karin

    projekter - Individuelle fordybelsesprojekter. Forfatterne introducerer begrebet elever som didaktiske designere og viser med konkrete eksempler fra dansk, matematik og tværfaglige forløb, hvordan læreren med et overordnet rammedesign kan understøtte elevernes design af deres egne læreprocesser og dermed...

  9. Collaborative Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broderick, Debora

    2014-01-01

    This practitioner research study investigates the power of multimodal texts within a real-world context and argues that a participatory culture focused on literary arts offers marginalized high school students opportunities for collaborative design and authoring. Additionally, this article invites educators to rethink the at-risk label. This…

  10. Research Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2017-01-01

    Kenneth Mølbjerg Jørgensen: Research as storrytelling: constructing reflexive research practice. 21p Lars Ole Bonde: Reflections on the relationship between research questions, design and methods in the research project "Receptive music therapy with female cancer patients in rehabilitation. 35p Gunnar...

  11. Designer's Identity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kunrath, Kamila; Cash, Philip; Li-Ying, Jason

    2016-01-01

    A designer’s professional identity (DPI) develops through both education and professional experience, building on core personality traits and innate skills. In this paper a systematic literature review and a secondary narrative review were developed in order to map personal attributes and design...

  12. By Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Mike

    2002-01-01

    Examines some key areas that school administrators need to consider when creating new, or updating old, school spaces for students and staff. Design considerations encompass space management, building flexibility, technology integration, school accessibility to the disabled, sensitivity to the environment, and cost effectiveness. (GR)

  13. Design i Danmark = Danish Design?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lentz, Uffe

    2003-01-01

    Titlen på denne forelæsning har 3 led skønt det ser ud som om der er 4. Design i Danmark er en geografisk afgrænsning af et ikke særligt veldefineret begreb, der både kan dække over ting og aktiviteter, mens Danish Design er en fælles hat man har markedsført en række produkter under, for at få...... værdiopfattelse før fra det ene produkt til det andet. Et Brand ville det hedde i dag....

  14. Systematization of the environmental conditioning project in buildings with a view to optimizing the architectural projects with ragard to environmental control and energy saving. Volume 3. Sistematizacion del proyecto de acondicionamiento ambiental en la edificacion con vistas a la optimizacion de los proyectos arquitectonicos en aspectos de control ambiental y ahorro energetico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klainsek, J.C.

    1988-07-01

    Due to its significance, energy analysis should be taken into account in both developing and optimization of hygrothermic conditioning system and new building designs. It is also necessary to determine the actual costs of energy saving and conservation modifications for existing buildings. This analysis involves a large number of repetitive calculations, so a computer application has become a necessity and a computer program has been developed to simulate energy needs for a real life office and their functions in one climate region. This program predicts heating and cooling energy requirements. The purpose of the present study is to determine the affect of envelope parameters: orientation, external walls, glazing, shadings, glass-to-wall ratio, surface absorbance of external wells (color), roofs, upon energy saving and conservation for a typical office building in Madrid.

  15. Systematization of the environmental conditioning project in buildings with a view to optimizing the architectural projects with regard to environmental control and energy saving. Sistematizacion del proyecto de acondicionamiento ambiental en la edificacion con vistas a la optimizacion de los proyectos arquitectonicos en aspectos de control ambiental y ahorro energetico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klainsek, J.C.

    1988-07-01

    Due to its significance, energy analysis should be taken into account in both developing and optimization of hygrothermic conditioning system and new building designs. It is also necessary to determine the actual costs of energy saving and conservation modifications for existing buildings. This analysis involves a large number of repetitive calculations, so a computer application has become a necessity and a computer program has been developed to simulate energy needs for a real life office and their functions in one climate region. This program predicts heating and cooling energy requirements. The purpose of the present study is to determine the effect of envelope parameters: orientation, external walls, glazing, shadings, glass-to-wall ratio, surface absorbance of external walls (color), roofs, upon energy saving and conservation for a typical office building in Madrid.

  16. Systematization of the environmental conditioning project in buildings with a view to optimizing the architectural projects with regard to environmental control and energy saving. Volume 1. Sistematizacion del proyecto de acondicionamiento ambiental en la edificacion con vistas a la optimizacion de los proyectos arquitectonicos en aspectos de control ambiental y ahorro energetico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klainsek, J.C.

    1988-07-01

    Due to its significance, energy analysis should be taken into account in both developing and optimization of hygrothermic conditioning system and new building designs. It is also necessary to determine the actual costs of energy saving and conservation modifications for existing buildings. This analysis involves a large number of repetitive calculations, so a computer application has become a necessity and a computer program has been developed to simulate energy needs for a real life office and their functions in one climate region. This program predicts heating and cooling energy requirements. The purpose of the present study is to determine the affect of envelope parameters: orientation, external walls, glazing, shadings, glass-to-wall ratio, surface absorbance of external well (color), roofs, upon energy saving and conservation for a typical office building in Madrid.

  17. Social and environmental impact of the bioclimatic design; Impacto social y ambiental del diseno bioclimatico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez P, J. Manuel A; Morrillon G, David; Rodriguez V, Luis [Instituto de Ingenieria de la UNAM, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    2000-07-01

    This article is about two important scopes of the Bioclimatical Design (BD), the Social scope and the environmental scope. As an introduction, it is justified the importance of this topic through the association of the BD in the context of sustainability with our country's economic model. The analysis is done under the perspective of effects of the BD on social and environmental scopes. In social scope is used the Cost and Benefit Analysis according to social evaluation. In environmental scope, effects in water, air and ground are studied, but the measurement is done according to the emissions reduction of CO{sub 2} on atmosphere because of the earn on energy consumption. The results of the measurement of this effects are related with economical costs and benefits, which may show a general view about economical, social and environmental scopes. As conclusions, interest results are show and this is proposed to incorporate them in the economical politics. [Spanish] En este articulo se tocan dos aspectos importantes del Diseno Bioclimatico (DB), el Impacto Social y el Impacto Ambiental. En la introduccion se justifica la importancia del tema, asociando el DB en el contexto de la sustentabilidad, con el modelo economico que se ha imperado en nuestro pais. El estudio se realiza bajo la perspectiva de los impactos que el DB tiene en el aspecto social y en el ambiental. En lo social, se recurre a la metodologia del Analisis Costo-Beneficio para evaluacion Social, en lo ambiental, aunque se tocan los puntos de impacto en aire, agua y uso de suelo, la medicion del impacto se realiza con base en la disminucion de emisiones de CO{sub 2} a la atmosfera por el ahorro en el consumo de energia electrica. Los resultados de la medicion de impactos se cruzan con los costos y beneficios economicos, para presentar un panorama completo en cuanto a aspectos economicos, sociales y ambientales. En las conclusiones se rescatan los resultados de interes y se proponen las inserciones de

  18. Building Restoration of Historic Pool in Bolesławiec: Assumptions, Design, Realization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dudzik, Rafał

    2016-09-01

    The present elaboration describes realization of project task, entitled: "Retrieving old function in historic swimming pool, at 52 Zgorzelecka street in Bolesławiec", it has an influence with taking into consideration the most important problem on ultimate form of rebuilding, on base of present project done by the author of article, as being producer and planner at the same time. It emphasizes architectonic questions in text, concerning forming area, however, it omits solutions of numerous engineering problems (e. g. isolation and draining, etc.). Work project started at the end of 2010 and finished in February of year 2012. Object is in the course of final construction works.

  19. Designing Privacy-by-Design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rest, J.H.C. van; Boonstra, D.; Everts, M.H.; Rijn, M. van; Paassen, R.J.G. van

    2014-01-01

    The proposal for a new privacy regulation d.d. January 25th 2012 introduces sanctions of up to 2% of the annual turnover of enterprises. This elevates the importance of mitigation of privacy risks. This paper makes Privacy by Design more concrete, and positions it as the mechanism to mitigate these

  20. Design Epistemology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dino Karabeg

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The liberation from the view that only one way of making sense of experience is legitimate (the one that “corresponds to reality”, which follows from the results of 20th century science and philosophy, puts us into a position to consciously choose and assign a purpose to the creation of meaning; and based on that choice, to develop completely new modes of information, to suit each chosen purpose. We present an instance of this approach, where information and knowledge work are considered as key societal systemic components, and then designed as it may best suit the various functions that pertain to this role, notably the function of illuminating the way to all other systemic self-organization. Design epistemology provides an academic foundation for this approach; the Knowledge Federation community implements it in practice.

  1. Repeated Acute Oral Exposure to Cannabis sativa Impaired Neurocognitive Behaviours and Cortico-hippocampal Architectonics in Wistar Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imam, A; Ajao, M S; Akinola, O B; Ajibola, M I; Ibrahim, A; Amin, A; Abdulmajeed, W I; Lawal, Z A; Ali-Oluwafuyi, A

    2017-03-06

    The most abused illicit drug in both the developing and the developed world is Cannabis disposing users to varying forms of personality disorders. However, the effects of cannabis on cortico-hippocampal architecture and cognitive behaviours still remain elusive.  The present study investigated the neuro-cognitive implications of oral cannabis use in rats. Eighteen adult Wistar rats were randomly grouped to three. Saline was administered to the control rats, cannabis (20 mg/kg) to the experimental group I, while Scopolamine (1 mg/kg. ip) was administered to the last group as a standard measure for the cannabis induced cognitive impairment. All treatments lasted for seven consecutive days. Open Field Test (OFT) was used to assess locomotor activities, Elevated Plus Maze (EPM) for anxiety-like behaviour, and Y maze paradigm for spatial memory and data subjected to ANOVA and T test respectively. Thereafter, rats were sacrificed and brains removed for histopathological studies. Cannabis significantly reduced rearing frequencies in the OFT and EPM, and increased freezing period in the OFT. It also reduced percentage alternation similar to scopolamine in the Y maze, and these effects were coupled with alterations in the cortico-hippocampal neuronal architectures. These results point to the detrimental impacts of cannabis on cortico-hippocampal neuronal architecture and morphology, and consequently cognitive deficits.

  2. Designer Babies

    OpenAIRE

    Menard, Marion; Overgaard, Anne Cecilie; Birisawa, Noella C.; Laloë, Juliette

    2016-01-01

    This project aims at examining the sense-making process of Danish females between the age 18-25 regarding the Designer Babies awareness campaign “How far would you go?”. We investigate how we as communicators can get to know our audience through quantitative and qualitative research methods, and by utilizing various theoretical frameworks such as audience reception analysis and dialogical approach. Our discussion is anchored in Anthony Giddens's theory of ‘modernity and self-identity’, which ...

  3. Smile design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Nicholas C

    2007-04-01

    Many scientific and artistic principles considered collectively are useful in creating a beautiful smile. The evaluation and analysis of the face, lips, gingival tissues and teeth are all considered in this process. Recognizing the ideal as a goal provides a direction for diagnosis and treatment planning for smile rejuvenation. This article focuses on the dental and dental-facial composition involved in smile design. Basic facial esthetics are reviewed as a guideline for facial analysis.

  4. Group Design Problems in Engineering Design Graphics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelley, David

    2001-01-01

    Describes group design techniques used within the engineering design graphics sequence at Western Washington University. Engineering and design philosophies such as concurrent engineering place an emphasis on group collaboration for the solving of design problems. (Author/DDR)

  5. Mechanical Design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shook, Richard; /Marquette U. /SLAC

    2010-08-25

    The particle beam of the SXR (soft x-ray) beam line in the LCLS (Linac Coherent Light Source) has a high intensity in order to penetrate through samples at the atomic level. However, the intensity is so high that many experiments fail because of severe damage. To correct this issue, attenuators are put into the beam line to reduce this intensity to a level suitable for experimentation. Attenuation is defined as 'the gradual loss in intensity of any flux through a medium' by [1]. It is found that Beryllium and Boron Carbide can survive the intensity of the beam. At very thin films, both of these materials work very well as filters for reducing the beam intensity. Using a total of 12 filters, the first 9 being made of Beryllium and the rest made of Boron Carbide, the beam's energy range of photons can be attenuated between 800 eV and 9000 eV. The design of the filters allows attenuation for different beam intensities so that experiments can obtain different intensities from the beam if desired. The step of attenuation varies, but is relative to the thickness of the filter as a power function of 2. A relationship for this is f(n) = x{sub 0}2{sup n} where n is the step of attenuation desired and x{sub 0} is the initial thickness of the material. To allow for this desired variation, a mechanism must be designed within the test chamber. This is visualized using a 3D computer aided design modeling tool known as Solid Edge.

  6. Design or "Design"--Envisioning a Future Design Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sless, David

    2012-01-01

    Challenging the common grand vision of Design, this article considers "design" as a humble re-forming process based on evidence to substantiate its results. The designer is likened to a tinker who respects previous iterations of a design and seeks to retain what is useful while improving its performance. A design process is offered,…

  7. Mechanisms Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Restrepo-Giraldo, John Dairo

    2006-01-01

    Most products and machines involve some kind of controlled movement. From window casements to DVD players, from harbor cranes to the shears to prune your garden, all these machines require mechanisms to move. This course intends to provide the analytical and conceptual tools to design such mechan......Most products and machines involve some kind of controlled movement. From window casements to DVD players, from harbor cranes to the shears to prune your garden, all these machines require mechanisms to move. This course intends to provide the analytical and conceptual tools to design...... such mechanisms. This is a horizontal subject, which means you will be asked to make use of your knowledge in different disciplines, specially statics and dynamics, but also material selection, general product development, etc. At the end of this course you will be able to: • Generate alternative configurations...... for mechanisms that follow a particular trajectory, that need to occupy certain positions or that perform special functions using synthesis tools. • Analyze a mechanism from its kinematic characteristics (speed, velocity and acceleration) • Evaluate the best solution from different mechanisms configurations...

  8. Designer steroids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazlauskas, Ray

    2010-01-01

    Anabolic steroids have been studied for over 50 years and during that time numerous compounds with a variety of functional groups have been produced and many have been published. Of these only a small number have been introduced to the pharmaceutical market. WADA has continued the work begun by the IOC banning the use of these agents within sport as performance enhancing substances. Athletes, however, continue to use these anabolic steroids but tighter testing and the introduction of unannounced sample collection has made this form of cheating harder.In order to try to evade detection, athletes who continue to dope are having to resort to the use of a far more dangerous form of drug - the designer steroid. These steroids are manufactured to closely resemble existing known compounds, but with sufficient chemical diversity to ensure that their detection by the WADA accredited laboratories is more difficult. A worrying feature of the use of these compounds is that no data is available to evaluate either the efficacy or the safety of these substances. Many such drugs are now being made in clandestine ways (as demonstrated by the recent BALCO case) and then passed on to athletes who become the guinea pigs determining the potential of the substances as doping agents.Methods for the detection of these new compounds are being developed using emerging techniques such as gas chromatography or liquid chromatography attached to a variety of mass spectrometry instruments. This technology as well as vigilance by laboratories and enforcement agencies can all help in early detection of designer steroids being used for doping.

  9. Apply Design Patterns to Refactor Software Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baggs, Rhoda; Shaykhian, Gholam Ali

    2007-01-01

    Refactoring software design is a method of changing software design while explicitly preserving its unique design functionalities. Presented approach is to utilize design patterns as the basis for refactoring software design. Comparison of a design solution will be made through C++ programming language examples to exploit this approach. Developing reusable component will be discussed, the paper presents that the construction of such components can diminish the added burden of both refactoring and the use of design patterns.

  10. Generative design applied to industrial design

    OpenAIRE

    Rebelo Pinto, Carolina

    2015-01-01

    Few industrial and product designers are familiar with Generative Design and its possible benefits and limitations. This thesis is a work towards the understanding of what Generative Design with regards to Industrial Design and Product Design could be. The main quest of the thesis was to discover what are the main practices and current productions in the field of Generative Design in connection to Industrial and Product Design; and additionally what could be the possible opportunities for ind...

  11. Dansk design - English edition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dickson, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    Indhold: Hvad er design?; Hvor kommer dansk design fra?; Produktdesign; Tekstil- og tøjdesign; Design af møbler og boligindretning; Bygningen og design; Arbejdets design; Transportdesign; Offentligt design; Grafisk design; Nye tider og en ny slags design...

  12. Design Argumentation in Academic Design Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgaard, Peter; Dindler, Christian; Fritsch, Jonas

    2013-01-01

    We explore design argumentation as a resource when teaching interaction design in a university setting. We propose that design argumentation can help bridge between practice-based design education and theoretical issues from university curricula. In this paper, we outline the idea of design argum...

  13. Porsche Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    说起Porsche(保时捷),想必众多读者也和《Geek》编辑一样口水嘀嗒的,我们的免疫系统对于Porsche跑车来说,简直毫无力。然而,如果你觉得Porsche的设计功力仅止于汽车,那就大错特错了,隶属于Porsche总公司的Porsche Design子公司业内鼎鼎大名的设计团队。Porsche Design的前身是在1972年由Porsche 911设计者Ferdinand Alexander Porsche所成立的Porsche Design Group,原本是独立于Porsche汽车制造体系之外的设计公司,并创造出了许多脍炙人口的精品,在2003年时Proche Design重回Porsche的怀抱,成为由Porsche持有多数股权的子公司。和任何一家知名的设计品牌一样,Porsche Design也有自己的坚持——崇尚古典、设计豪华、风格简约、黑色基调。

  14. Analysis of the methods for the achievement of comfort conditions of humidity and temperature in energetically efficient designs; Analisis de los mtodos para lograr condiciones de confort higrotermico en disenos energeticamente eficientes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mesa A., N. A.; Morillon G., D. [Division de Estudios de Posgrado de la Facultad de Arquitectura, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico)

    1997-12-31

    This paper presents the analysis of the tools commonly utilized in Bioclimatic Design, for the achievement of humidity an temperature comfort conditions in architectonic spaces. The analysis was performed by means of field studies and experimentally for different sport activities, carried out in spaces designed for each purpose. In the experimental part, inside ambient temperature and relative humidity were measured in the different spaces where sport activities were conducted, such as calisthenics, dance, judo, wrestling, weight lifting, boxing, basket-ball, volley-ball, gymnastics and fencing. At the same time an inquiry was conducted among their occupants in respect to the thermal sensation they experimented while conducting such activities. The results obtained in the inquiry were compared with the results reported by other researchers, by means of tables and psychometric diagrams as optimum values for temperature comfort. As a conclusion it was decided that the graphic and mathematical methods analyzed, are based on a sedentary activity, therefore in using them for the design of spaces for different activities uncomfortable conditions are experimented with the consequential necessity of air conditioning, which implies energy consumption and the corresponding expenditure, lastly it is necessary to adapt these tools, that is, consider the activity that is going to be performed in the buildings. [Espanol] En este documento se presenta el analisis de las herramientas, comunmente utilizadas en Diseo Bioclimatico, para lograr el confort higrotermico de espacios arquitectonicos, el analisis se realizo mediante estudios de campo y experimental, para diversas actividades deportivas, llevadas a cabo en espacios disenados para ello. En la parte experimental, se tomaron mediciones de temperatura y humedad relativa internas, de los distintos espacios en los cuales se desarrollaban las actividades deportivas, tales como calistenia, danza, judo, lucha, trabajo con pesas

  15. The design game in Participatory Design and design education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Törpel, Bettina

    2006-01-01

    In this contribution, the design game as a method in Participatory Design is discussed. The focus lies on the organizational design game. For using the design game relations of power, socio-technical textures and forms of work and organization are treated as concerns that need to be addressed...

  16. Design Games for In-Situ Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Erik

    2013-01-01

    The mobile culture has spawned a host of context-based products, like location-based and tag-based applications. This presents a new challenge for the designer. There is a need of design methods that acknowledge the context and allows it to influence the design ideas. This article focuses...... on a design problem where an in-situ design practice may further the early design process: the case of designing a pervasive game. Pervasive games are computer games, played using the city as a game board and often using mobile phones with GPS. Some contextual design methods exist, but we propose an approach...

  17. Aluminium overhead highway traffic sign structures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Courage, W.M.G.; Soetens, F.; Noordzij, R.; Drabbels, J.

    1998-01-01

    This paper deals with the design and manufacturing of aluminium overhead sign structures. These gantries are built up by using two X-shaped column frames connected by a triangular space frame girder. Slenderness and a low solidity ratio were objectives in the architectonic design. Braces and main ch

  18. Sharing the design intent between industrial designers and engineering designers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Esben Skov; Møller, Louise

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the paper is to understand the challenges sharing the product frame between industrial designers with the engineering designers. The study is based on six case studies. The analysis showed correspondence between industrial designers and engineering designers in their understanding...... of the key elements of the context and concept. However the analysis also showed a lack of correspondence between the industrial designers and engineering designers in regards to the product framing and thereby how the different elements of the product frame is connected and interrelated....

  19. Ahorro y pensiones en México: un estudio al nivel de las familias

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Solís Soberón; F. Alejandro Villagómez

    1999-01-01

    This paper analyzes the savings behavior of Mexican households under a PAYG pension system. We use a cohort analysis and construct a synthetic panel, that allow us to follow a particular cohort over time by considering repeated cross sections. We use data from five household surveys that allow us to identify those household heads with social security and those without it. Pure results suggest that the existence of a PAYG pension system has a small negative effect on savings.

  20. Cálculo del ahorro de energía por menor fricción

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Albarracín Aguillón; Ricardo Pinzón Mora

    2004-01-01

    En este artículo se expone como disminuir costos de operación (menor consumo de energía, costos de mantenimiento y pérdidas de producción) de equipos, mediante el control de los diferentes fenómenos de la fricción en mecanismos lubricados. Para hacer esto posible es necesario conocer las condiciones criticas de trabajo de los mismos, a que tipo de lubricación corresponden, y que clase lubricante requiere, para así calcular los valores de los coeficientes de fricción de los lubrica...

  1. Proposal for energy saving in air conditioning equipment; Propuesta para ahorro energetico en acondicionadores de aire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Solis Recendez, Daniel H [Division de Ingenieria Electrica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico)

    2008-10-15

    In the last decades, the air conditioning systems have become a crucial part in the search from comfort in extreme climates. Nevertheless, they have also become one of the greatest energy consumers. In this article it is proposed that the final conditions that the air conditioning equipment looks for not to be fixed, but variable in respect to a certain comfort zone. This zone is a variation of the used one in the bio-climatic chart of Olgyay that considers the rapidity whereupon the reached conditions tend to leave the comfort zone. It is analyzed how to choose the point on the zone that costs less energy in arriving to it. [Spanish] En las ultimas decadas, los sistemas de aire acondicionado se han vuelto una parte crucial en la busqueda de confort en climas extremosos. Sin embargo, tambien se han vuelto de los mayores consumidores de energia. En este articulo se propone que las condiciones finales que busquen lograr los acondicionadores no sean fijas, si no variables respecto a una determinada zona de confort. Dicha zona es una variacion de la utilizada en la carta bioclimatica de Olgyay, que considera la rapidez con que las condiciones alcanzadas tienden a abandonar la zona de confort. Se discute como elegir el punto sobre la zona que cueste menos energia en llegara el.

  2. Efectos del Sistema multifondos en el regimen de Ahorro Individual en Colombia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Andres Hernandez García

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Con el fin de analizar los posibles efectos de una reforma financiera dirigida a flexibilizar la regulación de los Fondos de Pensiones en Colombia, este documento evalúa los potenciales efectos de esta reforma sobre el bienestar de los agentes, aplicando el supuesto de individuos con funciones de utilidad con aversión absoluta al riesgo constante (CARA y la Teoría de Diversificación del Portafolio. Adicionalmente se presenta un ejercicio contra factual para estimar el valor del activo pensional si los principios de esta legislación hubiesen sido aplicados en el periodo 1980-2009. Los resultados del análisis teórico sugieren que ante un mayor valor acumulado en las cuentas de pensión, los individuos disminuyen su exposición ante el riesgo en sus portafolios. Mientras que el ejercicio contra factual indica que la mejor decisión para los individuos habría sido invertir todo el portafolio en activos de renta variable.

  3. Energy saving with speed variators; Ahorro de energia con variadores de velocidad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dolores Anguiano, Ramses; Dolores Vazquez, Raul [Cementos Cruz Azul, Hidalgo (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    The cement plant Cruz Azul S.C.L. is located in the center of the Mexican republic at 70 km north of the capital. Nowadays the Direction of Cementos Cruz Azul has implemented measures allowing to reduce their production costs. The optimization department found a great area of opportunity at the ventilators of the plant. The ventilators are used in different stages of the process and their flow was normally controlled by means of dampers -due to the high costs of the initial investment and that of maintenance of the speed variation technology which in its majority used direct current equipments. In this case it existed the possibility of making a successful application in two large ventilators, with motors of 1000 HP fed in medium tension (4160 v) in our calcination unit Num. 8. This document shows the development of this project from its initial analysis to its application and results. [Spanish] La planta de cemento Cruz Azul S.C.L. se encuentra localizada en el centro de la republica mexicana a 70 Km al norte de la capital. En estos momentos la direccion de cementos Cruz Azul ha implementado medidas que permitan reducir sus costos de produccion. El departamento de optimizacion encontro una gran area de oportunidad en los ventiladores de la planta. Los ventiladores son utilizados en distintas etapas del proceso y normalmente su flujo era controlado por medio de mamparas, debido a los altos costos como inversion inicial y de mantenimiento de la tecnologia de variacion de velocidad que en su mayoria utilizaba equipos de corriente directa. Para nuestro caso existia la posibilidad de realizar una aplicacion exitosa en dos ventiladores grandes, con motores de 1000 HP alimentados en media tension (4160 v), en nuestra unidad de calcinacion Num. 8. Este documento muestra el desarrollo de este proyecto desde su analisis inicial hasta su aplicacion y resultados.

  4. Resultados de un programa de ahorro de sangre en prótesis de rodilla unilateral

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    La implantación de una prótesis de rodilla es un procedimiento que frecuentemente requiere reposición hemática en el postoperatorio inmediato. Entre las alternativas a la sangre alogénica, se ha propuesto la autodonación como una opción segura y efectiva; sin embargo, este procedimiento no está exento de controversia dada la anemia preoperatorio que supone para el paciente y el elevado coste de las unidades no utilizadas y, por tanto, desechadas. Se presentan los resultados obtenidos a lo lar...

  5. Ahorre Energia: Consejos sobre el ahorro de dinero y energia en el hogar (Book)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2014-09-01

    Learn how to save money with Energy Saver: Tips on Saving Money & Energy at Home, from the U.S. Department of Energy. The Energy Saver guide will help you reduce your monthly energy costs and live more efficiently. This guide takes you through the systems and appliances that consume the most energy in your home, and provides solutions to cut costs for you while saving the environment. The Energy Saver guide also includes transportation tips to help you save money at the pump.

  6. Ahorro de los hogares y distribución del ingreso en México

    OpenAIRE

    Attanasio, Orazio P; Miguel Székely

    1999-01-01

    This paper shows evidence on the level and distribution of household saving in Mexico for the period 1984-1996. We verify, whether the changes in household saving behavior are related to short or longer term decisions by controlling for cohort effects, changes in family structure and for differences along the income distribution. Finally we characterize the life cycle pattern of within group variances of consumption and income, and then identify the changes in the variances of the transitory ...

  7. Municipal hydraulic planning for energy saving; Planeacion hidraulica municipal para el ahorro de energia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Garcia, Enrique [PTF S.C. Consultores, Leon, Gto. (Mexico)

    1999-07-01

    The efficient handling of the economic and natural resources of the municipalities, is nowadays so much complex, that it requires a formal planning. In the public service of potable water supply, two fundamental approaches are conjugated to consider: the rational use of the water resource and the efficient use of the electrical energy, for its extraction from the underground deep reservoirs. In the paper that is presented, the individual features of the previous matters are described and the positive results in a municipality of the Guanajuato's Low Lands (Bajio ), where already the dual objectives are obtained and that with a more professional municipal hydraulic planning, these will be permanent, with the inherent benefit towards the population. [Spanish] El manejo eficiente de los recursos economicos y naturales de los municipios, es hoy en dia cada vez mas complejo, que requiere una planeacion formal. En el servicio publico de abastecimiento de agua potable, se conjugan dos enfoques primordiales a considerar: el uso racional del recurso agua y la utilizacion eficiente de la energia electrica, para su extraccion de los acuiferos subterraneos profundos. En el trabajo que se presenta, se describen las particularidades de lo anterior y los resultados positivos en un municipio del Bajio guanajuatense, donde ya se logran los objetivos duales y que con una planeacion hidraulica municipal mas profesional, estos seran permanentes, con el beneficio inherente hacia la poblacion.

  8. Service design: tuning the industrial design profession

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sleeswijk Visser, F.

    2013-01-01

    Design is not only about the design and production of goods, but is increasingly addressing complex social issues nowadays. Roles of designers are becoming more and more varied, and at the same time other professionals are increasingly using design tools in their business, organizational or other in

  9. Designing interfaces patterns for effective interaction design

    CERN Document Server

    Tidwell, Jenifer

    2005-01-01

    This convenient resource offers advice on creating user-friendly interface designs--whether they're delivered on the Web, a CD, or a smart" devices like a cell phone. Solutions to common UI design problems are expressed as a collection of patterns--each one containing concrete examples, recommendations, and warnings. Intended for designers with basic UI design knowledge

  10. Enhancing biomedical design with design thinking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemnitzer, Ronald; Dorsa, Ed

    2009-01-01

    The development of biomedical equipment is justifiably focused on making products that "work." However, this approach leaves many of the people affected by these designs (operators, patients, etc.) with little or no representation when it comes to the design of these products. Industrial design is a "user focused" profession which takes into account the needs of diverse groups when making design decisions. The authors propose that biomedical equipment design can be enhanced, made more user and patient "friendly" by adopting the industrial design approach to researching, analyzing, and ultimately designing biomedical products.

  11. Design for Accessibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herriott, Richard

    2012-01-01

    A report on how nine rail builder, operators and transport designers deal with design for accessibility......A report on how nine rail builder, operators and transport designers deal with design for accessibility...

  12. Industrial design professor wins Design Educator Award for sustainable design

    OpenAIRE

    Chadwick, Heather Riley

    2008-01-01

    Mitzi Vernon, associate professor of industrial design in Virginia Tech's College of Architecture and Urban Studies, has received a Design Educator Award and a $2,000 prize from a competition sponsored by Dell Inc.: ReGeneration: International Green Computing Technology Design.

  13. Design practice in transition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Binder, Thomas

    2005-01-01

    Where is the design field heading? Who are the designers, and what are they doing? What makes sense in design is not always obvious, even to the participants themselves.......Where is the design field heading? Who are the designers, and what are they doing? What makes sense in design is not always obvious, even to the participants themselves....

  14. Information Design: A Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albers, Michael J.; Lisberg, Beth Conney

    2000-01-01

    Presents a 17-item annotated list of essential books on information design chosen by members of the InfoDesign e-mail list. Includes a 113-item unannotated bibliography of additional works, on topics of creativity and critical thinking; visual thinking; graphic design; infographics; information design; instructional design; interface design;…

  15. Design Research between Design and Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steinø, Nicolai; Markussen, Thomas

    and practice, as expressed in the notion of research as ‘artistic innovation work’. On the other hand, the pressure to expand research in architecture and design has seen a movement towards adopting traditional research paradigms from the technical and social sciences and humanities. For many architects......The discourse on architecture and design research in Denmark in the past thirty years has been stuck in a unproductive dichotomy between research through design on the one hand and a phantom image of academic and theoretical, word-based research on the other. Advocates of the research through...... design strand have argued, that architecture and design research must follow an architecture and design methodology – designing – and be communicated by means of architecture and design media – images and artefacts. Essentially, this view sees no difference between architecture and design research...

  16. Design Research between Design and Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steinø, Nicolai; Markussen, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    and practice, as expressed in the notion of research as ‘artistic innovation work’. On the other hand, the pressure to expand research in architecture and design has seen a movement towards adopting traditional research paradigms from the technical and social sciences and humanities. For many architects......The discourse on architecture and design research in Denmark in the past thirty years has been stuck in a unproductive dichotomy between research through design on the one hand and a phantom image of academic and theoretical, word-based research on the other. Advocates of the research through...... design strand have argued, that architecture and design research must follow an architecture and design methodology – designing – and be communicated by means of architecture and design media – images and artefacts. Essentially, this view sees no difference between architecture and design research...

  17. Parametric Design Strategies for Collaborative Urban Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steinø, Nicolai; Yıldırım, Miray Baş; Özkar, Mine

    2013-01-01

    to the collaboration between professionals, participation by different non-professional stakeholders, such as residents, local authorities, non-governmental organizations and investors, is another important component of collaborative urban design processes. The involvement of community in decision making process...... urban space, subject to urban renewal. A key aspect of the workshop therefore, was to develop different design scenarios and to use parametric design software to communicate the scenarios spatially, as well as to mediate between them. Parametric urban design is a potentially powerful tool...... is working alone with distributed design problem packages which means decomposition of design problems into tasks and working on them individually. On the other hand, collaborative design is based on communication. Participants work together on design problems in an integrated design process. In addition...

  18. Design rules for dynamic organization design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burton, Richard; Obel, Børge

    2013-01-01

    Organizational design rules are contingent if-then statements about what a good design should be for a given situation. Today’s challenge is to look forward to devise organization design rules for a different future with greater uncertainty and greater interdependency – all with dynamic performance...... for a future new situation – is a disciplined response to examine the new contingencies of organizational design and their design consequences. Computational laboratories permit us to go beyond what is to develop and examine new design possibilities and boundaries to explore a future world of what might be. We...... need to revise existing rules and perhaps devise totally new design rules for managing uncertainty and interdependency to design efficient, effective and sustainable organizations. In this paper, we explore the development and evaluation of organizational design rules for the future....

  19. Computational Design Tools for Integrated Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Malene Kirstine; Kirkegaard, Poul Henning

    2010-01-01

    In an architectural conceptual sketching process, where an architect is working with the initial ideas for a design, the process is characterized by three phases: sketching, evaluation and modification. Basically the architect needs to address three areas in the conceptual sketching phase......: aesthetical, functional and technical requirements. The aim of the present paper is to address the problem of a vague or not existing link between digital conceptual design tools used by architects and designers and engineering analysis and simulation tools. Based on an analysis of the architectural design...... process different digital design methods are related to tasks in an integrated design process....

  20. Ergonomics in design or design in ergonomics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Binder, Thomas

    2005-01-01

    such as the Danish architect Kaare Klint sparked a new and prosperous venue for Schandinavian furniture design by studying what people stored in their household cabinets, so are designers today studying how people live their lives and make sense of a complex and fluid world where roles and identities are shifting......Design in Scandinavia has a long tradition of participation in the development of society. Designers in the Nordic countries have taken pride in concerning themselves with problems of everyday living and the design communities at large have been committed proponents of a socially responsible...... approach to design. This has over the years created many points of contact between designers and others concerned with a healthy and rewarding working life. Looking back one can see both continuity and change in how designers has dealt with this responsibility. From an early recentment towards the modes...

  1. Analog circuit design designing high performance amplifiers

    CERN Document Server

    Feucht, Dennis

    2010-01-01

    The third volume Designing High Performance Amplifiers applies the concepts from the first two volumes. It is an advanced treatment of amplifier design/analysis emphasizing both wideband and precision amplification.

  2. Analog circuit design designing dynamic circuit response

    CERN Document Server

    Feucht, Dennis

    2010-01-01

    This second volume, Designing Dynamic Circuit Response builds upon the first volume Designing Amplifier Circuits by extending coverage to include reactances and their time- and frequency-related behavioral consequences.

  3. Design as Value Celebration: Rethinking Design Argumentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Halstrøm, Per Liljenberg

    2016-01-01

    This article introduces knowledge of the rhetorical genre of epideictic to design. The aim is to provide designers with concepts that stimulate their ability to deliberate about design choices and explore the arguments they may be making about the human-made world. The article begins with explora......This article introduces knowledge of the rhetorical genre of epideictic to design. The aim is to provide designers with concepts that stimulate their ability to deliberate about design choices and explore the arguments they may be making about the human-made world. The article begins......, situational perspectives, and rhetorical genres, the article concludes that designers can benefit from perceiving their design as value celebration rather than problem solving....

  4. Design and data analysis 1 study design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karthik Suresh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is intended to give the reader guidance in evaluating different study designs used in medical research for better scientific quality, reliability and validity of their research. This article explains three main types of study designs with understanding examples. Care and caution with skills and experience needed to design suitable studies and appropriate design coupled with reliable sampling techniques and appropriate statistical analysis, supported by clear objectives with decent communication of the findings, are essential for good research.

  5. Social Design Experiments: Toward Equity by Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutiérrez, Kris D.; Jurow, A. Susan

    2016-01-01

    In this article, we advance an approach to design research that is organized around a commitment to transforming the educational and social circumstances of members of non-dominant communities as a means of promoting social equity and learning. We refer to this approach as social design experimentation. The goals of social design experiments…

  6. Compositional Design of a Generic Design Agent

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brazier, F.M.T.; Jonker, C.M.; Treur, J.; Wijngaards, N.J.E.

    2001-01-01

    This paper presents a generic architecture for a design agent, to be used in an Internet environment. The design agent is based on an existing generic agent model, and includes a refinement of a generic model for design, in which strategic reasoning

  7. Design as Gesamtkunstwerk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Anders V.

    Three texts on the historical development of ideas of total design: "The Art of Transgression" on contemporary projects between art, design and architecture; "Design as Gesamtkunstwerk" on the early modern total designs from Morris to Gropius (but mirrored in Panton) & "Throughout any Scale......" on the now classic total design of the 1950s and 60s....

  8. STEP electronic system design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Couch, R. H.; Johnson, J. W.

    1984-01-01

    The STEP electronic system design is discussed. The purpose of the design is outlined. The electronic system design is summarized and it is found that: an effective conceptual system design is developed; the design represents a unique set of capabilities; makes efficient use of available orbiter resources; the system capabilities exceed identified potential experiment needs.

  9. Is Engineering Design Disappearing from Design Research?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Mogens Myrup; Howard, Thomas J.

    2011-01-01

    on engineer-ing, we observe a declining focus on engineering design in design research, articu-lated in the composition of contributions to Design Society conferences. Engineer-ing design relates closely to the ‘materialisation’ of products and systems, i.e. the embodiment and detailing. The role of clever...... embodiment. Embodiment design is just as intellectually challenging as conceptualisation but seems much more engineering dependant and intriguing in its complexity of dependencies and unsure reasoning about properties by the fact that often a multidisciplinary team is necessary. This article should be seen...

  10. Flowscapes: Infrastructure as landscape, landscape as infrastructure. Graduation Lab Landscape Architecture 2012/2013

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijhuis, S.; Jauslin, D.; De Vries, C.

    2012-01-01

    Flowscapes explores infrastructure as a type of landscape and landscape as a type of infrastructure, and is focused on landscape architectonic design of transportation-, green- and water infrastructures. These landscape infrastructures are considered armatures for urban and rural development. With m

  11. Design Sea State

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, H. F.; Liu, Z.

    National codes of practice which specifies the design wave climate on a given location do not yet exist. Nevertheless, decision on the design wave climate is one of the most important tasks of the designer....

  12. Designing Brave New Worlds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szekely, George

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the importance of designing settings for children that encourage hands-on creativity through play. Suggests the designs are art forms requiring a participatory art teaching style. Describes the technique and provides proven design ideas. (CMK)

  13. Analog circuit design

    CERN Document Server

    Dobkin, Bob

    2012-01-01

    Analog circuit and system design today is more essential than ever before. With the growth of digital systems, wireless communications, complex industrial and automotive systems, designers are being challenged to develop sophisticated analog solutions. This comprehensive source book of circuit design solutions aids engineers with elegant and practical design techniques that focus on common analog challenges. The book's in-depth application examples provide insight into circuit design and application solutions that you can apply in today's demanding designs. <

  14. Design of Fuzzy Controllers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jantzen, Jan

    1998-01-01

    Design of a fuzzy controller requires more design decisions than usual, for example regarding rule base, inference engine, defuzzification, and data pre- and post processing. This tutorial paper identifies and describes the design choices related to single-loop fuzzy control, based...... on an international standard which is underway. The paper contains also a design approach, which uses a PID controller as a starting point. A design engineer can view the paper as an introduction to fuzzy controller design....

  15. Design Activity Framework for Visualization Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKenna, Sean; Mazur, Dominika; Agutter, James; Meyer, Miriah

    2014-12-01

    An important aspect in visualization design is the connection between what a designer does and the decisions the designer makes. Existing design process models, however, do not explicitly link back to models for visualization design decisions. We bridge this gap by introducing the design activity framework, a process model that explicitly connects to the nested model, a well-known visualization design decision model. The framework includes four overlapping activities that characterize the design process, with each activity explicating outcomes related to the nested model. Additionally, we describe and characterize a list of exemplar methods and how they overlap among these activities. The design activity framework is the result of reflective discussions from a collaboration on a visualization redesign project, the details of which we describe to ground the framework in a real-world design process. Lastly, from this redesign project we provide several research outcomes in the domain of cybersecurity, including an extended data abstraction and rich opportunities for future visualization research.

  16. Structured Analog CMOS Design

    CERN Document Server

    Stefanovic, Danica

    2008-01-01

    Structured Analog CMOS Design describes a structured analog design approach that makes it possible to simplify complex analog design problems and develop a design strategy that can be used for the design of large number of analog cells. It intentionally avoids treating the analog design as a mathematical problem, developing a design procedure based on the understanding of device physics and approximations that give insight into parameter interdependences. The proposed transistor-level design procedure is based on the EKV modeling approach and relies on the device inversion level as a fundament

  17. The Communication Between Designer and Design Receiver

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dai, Zheng; Dai, Yan

    2009-01-01

    When people think about a product,the first impression always mainly influences the result.Product is the medium of communication between designer and designer receiver.Because both of them have varied different experience and background,the information would be biased during the transferring...... process.The common symbols which can be recognized by both of designer and receiver are the key tools for communication.In some case,the same symbol in one product would be leads to different receiver impression.Generally,impression includes 3 aspects:aesthetics,function, and emotion.Designer needs...... to create an attractive and accurate impression in product from these 3 aspects.For facing the dilemma of communication,some experimental approaches can help designer deal with unique and diversity situations.Solving the detail problem in each step could keep the original meaning of designer....

  18. Design inspections for systems undergoing design modifications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grimes, B.K.; Norkin, D.P.

    1987-01-01

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC's) Office of Inspection and Enforcement (IE) has conducted direct inspections (integrated design inspections) of the technical aspects of the nuclear plant design process for several plants under construction. It has also evaluated independent design verification programs and engineering assurance programs at a number of other plants under construction. Many of the lessons learned from these construction phase efforts are directly applicable to operating plants undergoing major modifications. This has been confirmed by IE direct inspections of the design aspects of safety systems outage modifications, which have identified significant potential safety-related deficiencies. The paper discusses methodology for design inspections; failure to maintain up-to-date design basis documentation; and lessons learned common to plants under construction and undergoing major modifications.

  19. Solar Design Workbook

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Franta, G.; Baylin, F.; Crowther, R.; Dubin, F.; Grace, A., Griffith, J.W.; Holtz, M.; Kutscher, C.; Nordham, D.; Selkowitz, S.; Villecco, M.

    1981-06-01

    This Solar Design Workbook presents solar building design applications for commercial buildir^s. The book is divided into four sections. The first section describes the variety of solar applications in buildings including conservation aspects, solar fundamentals, passive systems, active systems, daylighting, and other solar options. Solar system design evaluation techniques including considerations for building energy requirements, passive systems, active systems, and economics are presented in Section II. The third section attempts to assist the designer in the building design process for energy conservation and solar applications including options and considerations for pre-design, design, and post-design phases. The information required for the solar design proee^ has not been fully developed at this time. Therefore, Section III is incomplete, but an overview of the considerations with some of the design proces elements is presented. Section IV illustrates ease studies that utilize solar applications in the building design.

  20. Performative Urban Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Samson, Kristine

    2011-01-01

    Urban design has come to mean many things. From the architectural masterplans to the informal urban design in temporary spaces and event designs. The paper will focus on urban designs engaging urban designs. Engaging urban design can broadly be understood as temporary design installations inviting...... visitors and participants to engage and interact with the city. Inspired by Lefebvre statement that "the most beautiful cities were those where festivals were not planned in advance” (Lefebvre 1987:36), I will discuss how urban designers can design engaging spaces, where the potentials of the city can...... unfold. Is it, for instance, the formal aesthetics of the design or rather the socio-cultural codes of the existing urban space that engage people? The paper engages in three urban performance designs: 1) The 10th Avenue Plaza at the Highline in New York 2) The temporary installations at Boble Plads...

  1. Preparing design students for strategic design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jørgen; Schiønning Mortensen, Bo; Geert Jensen, Birgitte

    2012-01-01

    This paper deals with how the visual approach from a design process can help inform companies about future opportunities at a strategic level. The paper follows an innovation project where design students worked with five companies at a 1-day workshop and with one company through a 2-week project...... can be used to facilitate discussions for companies facing strategic challenges. It also underlines the importance of rethinking design skills and communication when moving into strategic processes....

  2. Design Management Service in Garment Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    区晓霞

    2014-01-01

    Purpose This paper discusses the design management concepts and studies application methods of the combination of design and management in garment enterprises. Design/methodology/approach This study emphatical y compares the modes before and after designed, analyzes the dif erences between them and puts forward the feasibility practices in a more ef icient way with the concept of design management. Findings From research and data col ection analysis, it clearly shows that if you can pay more at ention to management in clothing enterprise and integrate garment design relative activities, you wil be bet er to accept the chal enge and catch the competitive advantage. Research limitations/implications This study only studies design management in clothing industry common mode, it did not ful y cover the entire industry. Practical implications This paper analyzes problem in clothing enterprise and put forward some advices and application methods to use the concept of design management. This paper is a practical guide on how this could be done ef ectively. Originality/value Creative and value of this paper is to analyze the traditional model, and on this basis to provide the application of fashion design management mode.

  3. Can design science be used for design?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rose, Jeremy; Markfoged, Kim; Andersen, Jesper Lund

    2010-01-01

    software development projects. They studied the literature, chose appropriate starting theories, designed their own development processes, used them to build small mobile applications, documented their experiences and evaluated those experiences by writing research articles. A more experienced researcher...... thread is a normative discussion of how design work should be conducted – important in a field where the principle objects of study are designed artefacts called information systems. If these principles for design have any consequence at all, they should be verifiable and they should be evaluated...

  4. User Experience Design in Webpage Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许钰伟

    2014-01-01

    User experience design is becoming more and more important. It originates from network as well as screen products interactive with users, whose scope is very wide. Although research orientations are different, their objective is the same, that is, to make users enjoy the simplest usage mode and reduce thinking in use; Although there is uncertainty, for some specific user group, the similarity of user experience can be recognized by excellent design;Although user experience is at the initial stage, with higher demand of comfort degree in surfing the internet, user experience design will be the core of future website design.

  5. Video Design Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smith, Rachel Charlotte; Christensen, Kasper Skov; Iversen, Ole Sejer;

    2016-01-01

    We introduce Video Design Games to train educators in teaching design. The Video Design Game is a workshop format consisting of three rounds in which participants observe, reflect and generalize based on video snippets from their own practice. The paper reports on a Video Design Game workshop...

  6. Building theory through design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Markussen, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    This chapter deals with a fundamental matter of concern in research through design: how can design work lead to the building of new theory? Controversy exists about the balance between theory and design work in research through design. While some researchers see theory production as the scientific...

  7. DOE handbook: Design considerations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-04-01

    The Design Considerations Handbook includes information and suggestions for the design of systems typical to nuclear facilities, information specific to various types of special facilities, and information useful to various design disciplines. The handbook is presented in two parts. Part 1, which addresses design considerations, includes two sections. The first addresses the design of systems typically used in nuclear facilities to control radiation or radioactive materials. Specifically, this part addresses the design of confinement systems and radiation protection and effluent monitoring systems. The second section of Part 1 addresses the design of special facilities (i.e., specific types of nonreactor nuclear facilities). The specific design considerations provided in this section were developed from review of DOE 6430.1A and are supplemented with specific suggestions and considerations from designers with experience designing and operating such facilities. Part 2 of the Design Considerations Handbook describes good practices and design principles that should be considered in specific design disciplines, such as mechanical systems and electrical systems. These good practices are based on specific experiences in the design of nuclear facilities by design engineers with related experience. This part of the Design Considerations Handbook contains five sections, each of which applies to a particular engineering discipline.

  8. Designing Healthcare Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devorah E. Klein

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Innovation is generated when designers collaborate with scientists and clinicians. Who are designers? Professionals trained to uncover people’s spoken and unspoken needs (human factors researchers, to generate tangible products and services that address these needs in new and better ways (industrial and graphic designers, and to ensure that the design intent is preserved in the final manufactured form (engineers.

  9. Instant responsive web design

    CERN Document Server

    Simmons, Cory

    2013-01-01

    A step-by-step tutorial approach which will teach the readers what responsive web design is and how it is used in designing a responsive web page.If you are a web-designer looking to expand your skill set by learning the quickly growing industry standard of responsive web design, this book is ideal for you. Knowledge of CSS is assumed.

  10. Marketing and design management.

    OpenAIRE

    Bruce, Margaret; Cooper, Rachel

    1997-01-01

    This title looks at the interface between marketing and design management, with particular focus on product development and corporate communications. It considers such issues as the role of design in the organisation, new product strategies and the effectiveness of the marketing/design relationship. Cases cover retail, services and industrial products in order to assess best practice in design management for marketing.

  11. Design and Iconic Brands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The VW Beetle, Apple, Porsche … many iconic brands have reached their status with groundbreaking designs. But what makes these designs so special? And is it really the design factor that accounts for the overall success of a brand? Dr. Walter de Silva shares with us his thoughts on iconic designs, the design process and the role of design in branding. Open your heart and mind to his extensive experience in developing designs for Volkswagen, Audi and other brands of the Volkswagen Group

  12. Design of canals

    CERN Document Server

    Swamee, P K

    2015-01-01

    The book presents firsthand material from the authors on design of hydraulic canals. The book discusses elements of design based on principles of hydraulic flow through canals. It covers optimization of design based on usage requirements and economic constraints. The book includes explicit design equations and design procedures along with design examples for varied cases. With its comprehensive coverage of the principles of hydraulic canal design, this book will prove useful to students, researchers, and practicing engineers. End-of-chapter pedagogical elements make it ideal for use in graduate courses on hydraulic structures offered by most civil engineering departments across the world.

  13. Web designer's idea book

    CERN Document Server

    McNeil, Patrick

    2014-01-01

    Discover the latest trends in web design! Looking for inspiration for your latest web design project? Expert Patrick McNeil, author of the popular Web Designer's Idea Book series, is back with all new examples of today's best website design. Featuring more than 650 examples of the latest trends, this fourth volume of The Web Designer's Idea Book is overflowing with visual inspiration. Arranged categorically, this fully illustrated guide puts important topics like design styles, elements, themes and responsive design at your fingertips. This new volume also includes a detailed discussion o

  14. Participatory workspace design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seim, Rikke; Broberg, Ole

    2010-01-01

    Ergonomics are rarely addressed directly in the design and re-design of workspaces in Denmark. Often architects, engineers and other actors design the workspaces on the basis of for example spatial, technological or finan-cial considerations, thereby making ergonomics a by-product of the design...... process. However, by introducing ergonomists in the role of ‘workspace de-signers’ early in the design process, ergonomic considerations as well as the involvement of employees, can be integrated in the design process. In this article we demonstrate the use of the workspace design approach in a case study...... where an industrial manufacturer is undergoing a major technological change: going from labour intensive manual work to a highly automated production. The workspace design team, which included the company’s OHS consultant, designed the intervention as a participatory design process by using visually...

  15. Teaching medical device design using design control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    May-Newman, Karen; Cornwall, G Bryan

    2012-01-01

    The design of medical devices requires an understanding of a large number of factors, many of which are difficult to teach in the traditional educational format. This subject benefits from using a challenge-based learning approach, which provides focused design challenges requiring students to understand important factors in the context of a specific device. A course was designed at San Diego State University (CA, USA) that applied challenge-based learning through in-depth design challenges in cardiovascular and orthopedic medicine, and provided an immersive field, needs-finding experience to increase student engagement in the process of knowledge acquisition. The principles of US FDA 'design control' were used to structure the students' problem-solving approach, and provide a format for the design documentation, which was the basis of grading. Students utilized a combination of lecture materials, industry guest expertise, texts and readings, and internet-based searches to develop their understanding of the problem and design their solutions. The course was successful in providing a greatly increased knowledge base and competence of medical device design than students possessed upon entering the course.

  16. Designing Design Challenges: Getting the Details Right

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    In looking at successful inquiry activities, patterns in pedagogical approach emerge (Meyer et al. 2011). This article discusses one such approach--the design challenge. A design challenge can be defined as an activity in which students are given an explicit task to create a product that meets a defined goal. However, simply asking students to…

  17. Reliable Design Versus Trust

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berg, Melanie; LaBel, Kenneth A.

    2016-01-01

    This presentation focuses on reliability and trust for the users portion of the FPGA design flow. It is assumed that the manufacturer prior to hand-off to the user tests FPGA internal components. The objective is to present the challenges of creating reliable and trusted designs. The following will be addressed: What makes a design vulnerable to functional flaws (reliability) or attackers (trust)? What are the challenges for verifying a reliable design versus a trusted design?

  18. Reusing Design Knowledge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahmed, Saeema; Wallace, Ken M.

    2006-01-01

    The long-term aim of this research is to develop a method of indexing design knowledge that is intuitive to engineering designers and therefore assists the designers to retrieve relevant information. This paper describes the development and preliminary evaluation of a method of indexing design...... knowledge. The concepts for the method have been elicited from designers’ descriptions of the design process. The method has been evaluated by indexing 92 reports related to one particular aero-engine....

  19. Transforming shape in design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prats, Miquel; Lim, Sungwoo; Jowers, Iestyn

    2009-01-01

    This paper is concerned with how design shapes are generated and explored by means of sketching. It presents research into the way designers transform shapes from one state to another using sketch representations. An experimental investigation of the sketching processes of designers is presented....... phenomenon of ‘subshape' and suggests that a computational mechanism for detecting sub-shapes in design sketches might augment explorative sketching by providing important opportunities for manipulating and generating shape in design....

  20. Preparing design students for strategic design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jørgen; Schiønning Mortensen, Bo; Geert Jensen, Birgitte

    2012-01-01

    the innovation project and reflects on which new knowledge, methods and techniques designers should be aware of when participating in multidisciplinary strategic processes and new educational initiatives. This paper shows how the design profession’s traditional visual tools and methods for concept development......This paper deals with how the visual approach from a design process can help inform companies about future opportunities at a strategic level. The paper follows an innovation project where design students worked with five companies at a 1-day workshop and with one company through a 2-week project...... can be used to facilitate discussions for companies facing strategic challenges. It also underlines the importance of rethinking design skills and communication when moving into strategic processes....

  1. Control system design guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sellers, David; Friedman, Hannah; Haasl, Tudi; Bourassa, Norman; Piette, Mary Ann

    2003-05-01

    The ''Control System Design Guide'' (Design Guide) provides methods and recommendations for the control system design process and control point selection and installation. Control systems are often the most problematic system in a building. A good design process that takes into account maintenance, operation, and commissioning can lead to a smoothly operating and efficient building. To this end, the Design Guide provides a toolbox of templates for improving control system design and specification. HVAC designers are the primary audience for the Design Guide. The control design process it presents will help produce well-designed control systems that achieve efficient and robust operation. The spreadsheet examples for control valve schedules, damper schedules, and points lists can streamline the use of the control system design concepts set forth in the Design Guide by providing convenient starting points from which designers can build. Although each reader brings their own unique questions to the text, the Design Guide contains information that designers, commissioning providers, operators, and owners will find useful.

  2. The Scope of Design Studying

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN Yin; Ren Wenying

    2007-01-01

    This article trys to discuss the scope of design studying in two fields.Firstly, design has three meanings: wide design, art design and industrial design.Secondly, design studying has five contents: cultural, philosophical, methodological, produced and marketable trends.

  3. Design professional activity analysis in design management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia de Souza Libanio

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Design use perception, as an essential element for achieving competitive advantage, also suggests the need to manage the design activities in companies. However, a few is discussed about the activity of these design professionals who participate in this process, their roles, functions and competencies, including  their connections to a company and other involved sectors. This article aims to analyze, during the design management processes, the work relations of design professionals connected to organizations both internal and externally, in order to comprehend the structure and intervenient factors on the activity of these professionals, as well as the interactions with their main coworkers. The methodology was exploratory and qualitative, using in-depth interviews with three design professionals. Subsequently, the responses were analyzed allowing the comparison of these obtained data to the theoretical bases researched. Through this case study, it was possible to realize the aspects and the structure of the design professional activity, connected intern and externally to organizations, as well as its relations with the main coworkers.

  4. Optimal Hospital Layout Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Malene Kirstine

    foundation. The basis of the present study lies in solving the architectural design problem in order to respond to functionalities and performances. The emphasis is the practical applicability for architects, engineers and hospital planners for assuring usability and a holistic approach of functionalities......This PhD project presents a design model that generates and evaluates hospital designs with respect to long-term performances and functionalities. By visualizing and quantifying costs and performances in the early design phases, it is possible to make design choices based on a qualified, profound...... and performances. By formal descriptions, a design model can weigh and compare the impact of different perspectives and, even in the early design phase, it can visualize and quantify consequences for design choices. By qualitative study of hospital design and hospital functionality, formal descriptions develop...

  5. Designing For Democracy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knutz, Eva; Markussen, Thomas; Thomsen, Signe Mårbjerg;

    2014-01-01

    n this paper we focus on ‘patient-democracy’ and ‘shared decision-making’ seen from the perspective of design practice and design research. In the research on democracy in healthcare it is rarely questioned what forms of democracy underlies these concepts. We have examined three different theories...... there are already a number of approaches available which in one way or the other address the relationship between design, democracy and power. We provide an account of participatory design, adversarial design and design activism thereby pointing towards design’s potential for re-distributing power and authority...... in healthcare. Positioning ourselves within design activism, we have set up a series of disruptive design experiments at a Danish Hospital. The aim of these experiments is to make inquiries into the hospital’s own conception of democracy and to use design activism to re-negotiate the roles and rights...

  6. Educational Design Thinking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgård, Rikke Toft

    2015-01-01

    This paper suggest that the import and implementation of creative, innovative and entrepreneurial design processes within formal informal educational settings carry inherent potentials and pitfalls within them in relation to educational design, pedagogical practice and design agency. More...... in formal and informal educational settings where children’s creative, innovative, and entrepreneurial design processes are the goal. Based on works such as the above as well as data on these matters (see below) the paper develops a conceptual framework for Educational Design Thinking. Here, the focus...... specifically, a clash between educational organization and design thinking paradigms emerges, tensions between goal-oriented education and vision-driven design build, and unproductive war on what education through design implies flare. Children are caught in the middle. Drawing on central works within design...

  7. The interactive design collaboratorium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bødker, Susanne; Petersen, Marianne Graves; Krogh, Peter Gall

    2001-01-01

    This paper reports on experimental process in which a prototype was developed of an interactive design collaboatorium, in cooperation with a group of usability designers. In a longterm research cooperation, this usability group has changed its work practice in order to work in the design...... collaboratorium. The design collaboratorium was developed to move usability design away from a lab towards an open physical and organizational space where designer, users and engineers meet and collaborate, or work alongside each other. The cooperation between researchers and the usability gruop has resulted...... in practical experimentation in projects and in design of an experimental design collaboratorium emploing electronic whiteboards, 3D design documentation, etc. This experimental prototype has been evaluated in cooperative workshops. We report on the results of this evaluation....

  8. Handbook of optical design

    CERN Document Server

    Malacara-Hernández, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    Handbook of Optical Design, Third Edition covers the fundamental principles of geometric optics and their application to lens design in one volume. It incorporates classic aspects of lens design along with important modern methods, tools, and instruments, including contemporary astronomical telescopes, Gaussian beams, and computer lens design. Written by respected researchers, the book has been extensively classroom-tested and developed in their lens design courses. This well-illustrated handbook clearly and concisely explains the intricacies of optical system design and evaluation. It also di

  9. The circuit designer's companion

    CERN Document Server

    Williams, Tim

    2013-01-01

    The Circuit Designer's Companion covers the theoretical aspects and practices in analogue and digital circuit design. Electronic circuit design involves designing a circuit that will fulfill its specified function and designing the same circuit so that every production model of it will fulfill its specified function, and no other undesired and unspecified function.This book is composed of nine chapters and starts with a review of the concept of grounding, wiring, and printed circuits. The subsequent chapters deal with the passive and active components of circuitry design. These topics are foll

  10. Microwave circulator design

    CERN Document Server

    Linkhart, Douglas K

    2014-01-01

    Circulator design has advanced significantly since the first edition of this book was published 25 years ago. The objective of this second edition is to present theory, information, and design procedures that will enable microwave engineers and technicians to design and build circulators successfully. This resource contains a discussion of the various units used in the circulator design computations, as well as covers the theory of operation. This book presents numerous applications, giving microwave engineers new ideas about how to solve problems using circulators. Design examples are provided, which demonstrate how to apply the information to real-world design tasks.

  11. Professional ASPNET Design Patterns

    CERN Document Server

    Millett, Scott

    2010-01-01

    Professional ASP.NET Design Patterns will show you how to implement design patterns in real ASP.NET applications by introducing you to the basic OOP skills needed to understand and interpret design patterns. A sample application used throughout the book is an enterprise level ASP.NET website with multi-tiered, SOA design techniques that can be applied to your future ASP.NET projects. Read about each design pattern in detail, including how to interpret the UML design, how to implement it in ASP.NET, its importance for ASP.NET development, and how it's integrated into the final project.

  12. Analysis of Design Documentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Claus Thorp

    1998-01-01

    In design practice a process where a satisfactory solution is created within limited resources is required. However, since the design process is not well understood, research into how engineering designers actually solve design problems is needed. As a contribution to that end a research project...... has been established where we seek to identify useful design work patterns by retrospective analyses of documentation created during design projects. This paper describes the analysis method, a tentatively defined metric to evaluate identified work patterns, and presents results from the first...... analysis accomplished....

  13. Introduction to combinatorial designs

    CERN Document Server

    Wallis, WD

    2007-01-01

    Combinatorial theory is one of the fastest growing areas of modern mathematics. Focusing on a major part of this subject, Introduction to Combinatorial Designs, Second Edition provides a solid foundation in the classical areas of design theory as well as in more contemporary designs based on applications in a variety of fields. After an overview of basic concepts, the text introduces balanced designs and finite geometries. The author then delves into balanced incomplete block designs, covering difference methods, residual and derived designs, and resolvability. Following a chapter on the e

  14. Thoughts on Interaction Design

    CERN Document Server

    Kolko, Jon

    2009-01-01

    Interaction Designers-whether practicing as Usability Engineers, Visual Interface Designers, or Information Architects-attempt to understand and shape human behavior in order to design products that are at once usable, useful, and desirable. Although the value of design is now recognized as essential to product development, the field is often misunderstood by managers and other team members, who don't understand a designer's role in a team. This can cause inefficient and ineffective products. Thoughts on Interaction Design gives individuals engaged in this profession the dialogue to justify t

  15. KALIMER design concept report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Chang Kyu; Kim, Young Cheol; Kim, Young In; Kim, Young Gyun; Kim, Eui Kwang; Song, Hoon; Chung, Hyun Tai; Hwang, Woan; Nam, Cheol; Sim Yoon Sub; Kim, Yeon Sik; Wim Myung Whan; Min, Byung Tae; Yoo, Bong; Lee, Jae Han; Lee, Hyeong Yeon; Kim, Jong Bum; Koo, Gyeong Hoi; Ham, Chang Shik; Kwon, Kee Choon; Kim, Jung Taek; Park, Jae Chang; Lee, Jung Woon; Lee, Yong Hee; Kim, Chang Hwoi; Sim, Bong Shick; Hahn, Do Hee; Choi, Jong Hyeun; Kwon, Sang Woon

    1997-07-01

    KAERI is working for the development of KALIMER and work is being done for methodology development, experimental facility set up and design concept development. The development target of KALIMER has been set as to make KALIMER safer, more economic, more resistant to nuclear proliferation, and yield less impact on the environment. To achieve the target, study has been made for setting up the design concept of KALIMER including the assessment of various possible design alternatives. This report is the results of the study for the KALIMER concept study and describes the design concept of KALIMER. The developed design concept study and describes the design concept of KALIMER. The developed design concept is to be used as the starting point of the next development phase of conceptual design and the concept will be refined and modified in the conceptual design phase. The scope of the work has been set as the NSSS and essential BOP systems. For systems, NSSS and functionally related major BOP are covered. Sizing and specifying conceptual structure are covered for major equipment. Equipment and piping are arranged for the parts where the arrangement is critical in fulfilling the foresaid intention of setting up the KALIMER design concept. This report consists of 10 chapters. Chapter 2 is for the top level design requirements of KALIMER and it serves as the basis of KALIMER design concept development. Chapter 3 summarizes the KALIMER concept and describes the general design features. The remaining chapters are for specific systems. (author). 29 tabs., 37 figs.

  16. Designing for critique, designing for reflection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Løfgreen, Lars Bo

    2010-01-01

    Denne lærebog tilbyder ny viden om design og lærings-processer inden for især nye, konvergerende medier. Den er skrevet på engelsk og redigeret af 3 medieforskere fra Syddansk Universitet. I kapitlerne er designprocesser i en række forskellige medier beskrevet med illustrative eksempler fra film......, tv, computer og mobiltelefon. Såvel design af den enkelte medietekst som kommunikation på tværs af medier adresseres. Yderligere er der fokus på kreative medieskabelsesprocesser, der kan lede til innovation. Bogen er forsynet med arbejdsspørgsmål efter hvert af de 6 kapitler samt en udførlig...... litteraturliste og et stikordsregister. Bogen rummer kapitlerne: “Visual topography: analysing the visual context of an interactive interface” af Lise Agerbæk, “Designing (with) Creativity” af Heidi Philipsen, “Designing for critique, designing for reflection – the (re)emergence of aesthetics in current design...

  17. Energy design for architects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shaw, A. (ed.)

    1989-01-01

    This book contains techniques for energy efficiency in architectural design. Many aspects are covered including: cost; comfort and health; energy use; the design process; and analytical techniques. 202 figs. (JF)

  18. Designing Assemblies Of Plates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, F. W.; Kennedy, D.; Butler, R.; Aston, G.; Anderson, M. S.

    1992-01-01

    VICONOPT calculates vibrations and instabilities of assemblies of prismatic plates. Designed for efficient, accurate analysis of buckling and vibration, and for optimum design of panels of composite materials. Written in FORTRAN 77.

  19. Design med mislyde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dickson, Thomas

    1999-01-01

    En ny bog om lydens rolle i produktdesign ender som en teknisk gennemgang, hvor selve design-aspektet forsvinder.......En ny bog om lydens rolle i produktdesign ender som en teknisk gennemgang, hvor selve design-aspektet forsvinder....

  20. Geometric Design Laboratory

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Purpose: The mission of the Geometric Design Laboratory (GDL) is to support the Office of Safety Research and Development in research related to the geometric design...

  1. Hierarchical Network Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomadsen, Tommy

    2005-01-01

    Communication networks are immensely important today, since both companies and individuals use numerous services that rely on them. This thesis considers the design of hierarchical (communication) networks. Hierarchical networks consist of layers of networks and are well-suited for coping...... the clusters. The design of hierarchical networks involves clustering of nodes, hub selection, and network design, i.e. selection of links and routing of ows. Hierarchical networks have been in use for decades, but integrated design of these networks has only been considered for very special types of networks....... The thesis investigates models for hierarchical network design and methods used to design such networks. In addition, ring network design is considered, since ring networks commonly appear in the design of hierarchical networks. The thesis introduces hierarchical networks, including a classification scheme...

  2. Method card design dimensions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wölfel, Christiane; Merritt, T.

    2013-01-01

    . The card-based tools are explained in terms of five design dimensions including the intended purpose and scope of use, duration of use, methodology, customization, and formal/material qualities. Our analysis suggests three design patterns or archetypes for existing card-based design method tools...... and highlights unexplored areas in the design space. The paper concludes with recommendations for the future development of card-based methods for the field of interaction design.......There are many examples of cards used to assist or provide structure to the design process, yet there has not been a thorough articulation of the strengths and weaknesses of the various examples. We review eighteen card-based design tools in order to understand how they might benefit designers...

  3. Design and sustainable transition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jesper; Søndergård, Bent; Hansen, Ole Erik

    2010-01-01

    Unfolding the role of design pracitice networks within niche formation. Case in insulation fabrics.......Unfolding the role of design pracitice networks within niche formation. Case in insulation fabrics....

  4. The Learning Design Specification

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Olivier, Bill; Tattersall, Colin

    2005-01-01

    Olivier, B. & Tattersall, C. (2005). The Learning Design Specification In: Koper, R. & Tattersall, C., Learning Design: A Handbook on Modelling and Delivering Networked Education and Training (pp. 21-40). Berlin-Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.

  5. Optical system design

    CERN Document Server

    Fischer, Robert F

    2008-01-01

    Honed for more than 20 years in an SPIE professional course taught by renowned optical systems designer Robert E. Fischer, Optical System Design, Second Edition brings you the latest cutting-edge design techniques and more than 400 detailed diagrams that clearly illustrate every major procedure in optical design. This thoroughly updated resource helps you work better and faster with computer-aided optical design techniques, diffractive optics, and the latest applications, including digital imaging, telecommunications, and machine vision. No need for complex, unnecessary mathematical derivations-instead, you get hundreds of examples that break the techniques down into understandable steps. For twenty-first century optical design without the mystery, the authoritative Optical Systems Design, Second Edition features: Computer-aided design use explained through sample problems Case studies of third-millennium applications in digital imaging, sensors, lasers, machine vision, and more New chapters on optomechanic...

  6. Performing Performance Design Anglonationally

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2016-01-01

    Video recording of pecha kucha style bricolage aural enactment of an international version of performance design......Video recording of pecha kucha style bricolage aural enactment of an international version of performance design...

  7. Designated Wildlife Lakes - points

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This is a point shapefile of Designated Wildlife Lakes in Minnesota. This shapefile was created by converting lake polygons from the Designated Wildlife Lakes...

  8. Clothing Systems Design Lab

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Clothing Systems Design Lab houses facilities for the design and rapid prototyping of military protective apparel.Other focuses include: creation of patterns and...

  9. Medicines by Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Order Search the NIGMS Website Search the NIGMS Website NIGMS Home Research Funding Research Training News & Meetings Science Education About NIGMS NIGMS Home > Science Education > Medicines By Design Medicines By Design Spotlight Nature's Medicine Cabinet A ...

  10. Designing Printed Instructional Materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burbank, Lucille; Pett, Dennis

    1986-01-01

    Discusses the importance of identifying the audience and determining specific objectives when designing printed instructional materials that will communicate effectively and provides detailed guidelines for dealing with such design factors as content, writing style, typography, illustrations, and page organization. (MBR)

  11. Photonic Design for Photovoltaics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kosten, E.; Callahan, D.; Horowitz, K.; Pala, R.; Atwater, H.

    2014-08-28

    We describe photonic design approaches for silicon photovoltaics including i) trapezoidal broadband light trapping structures ii) broadband light trapping with photonic crystal superlattices iii) III-V/Si nanowire arrays designed for broadband light trapping.

  12. Dynamic Stage Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Florian von Hofen[GER

    2013-01-01

    Concepts and methods for dynamic stage designs were introduced ranging from different ifelds of TV live shows, exhibitions and theatre performances, and a special emphasis was put on solution to the theatre stage design.

  13. Prestressed concrete design

    CERN Document Server

    Hurst, MK

    1998-01-01

    This edition provides up-to-date guidance on the detailed design of prestressed concrete structures. All major topics are dealt with, including prestressed flat slabs, an important and growing application in the design of buildings.

  14. Evidence-Based Design in Nederlandse ziekenhuizen: Ruimtelijke kwaliteiten die van invloed zijn op het welbevinden en de gezondheid van patiënten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Helene Herweijer-van Gelder

    2016-04-01

    a checklist. This checklist gives an overview of all the validated spatial measures (from chapters 3, 4, 5. In the checklist it becomes clear which spatial measure can contribrute to which positive effects. Some aspects are more significant than others because they contribute to many problems (such as the one-person patient room; others appear just once and contribute to just one aspect. The application of EBD in recently built Dutch Hospitals has been studied using this checklist in the case studies. In the field research (chapter 7 nine recently built Dutch hospitals (Orbis Medisch Centrum Sittard, Isala Klinieken Zwolle, Meander Medisch Centrum Amersfoort, Jeroen Bosch Ziekenhuis Den Bosch, Flevoziekenhuis Almere, Maasziekenhuis Boxmeer, Deventer Ziekenhuis Deventer, Bright Sites VUMC Amsterdam, Alexander Monro Kliniek Bilthoven were visited. Using the checklist the analysis is carried out as to whether EBD elements are used and if so how they are applied.The goals of the case studies are to gain understanding of:The degree to which, and the way in which, the selected measures are applied;The consequences for the architectonical quality.The case studies want to answer the following questions:Does the frequent use of terms such as healing environment indeed reflect the application of design elements that have been scientifically proven?If certain aspects derived from EBD are applied, in which way is this done?This study has disregarded the extent to which the aimed effects of the measures, as attributed in the literature, are evident when these measures are applied in reality in the hospitals.A characteristic of this study is the fact that it has been done from the field of architecture.Design qualities are studied. For each case study the design drawings from the architect were retrieved and studied, and the hospital was visited. Also for every case study an interview was held with a staff member of the hospital and with the architect. The media was searched for

  15. Participatory design based research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dau, Susanne; Bach Jensen, Louise; Falk, Lars

    2014-01-01

    This poster reveal how participatory design based research by the use of a CoED inspired creative process can be used for designing solutions to problems regarding students study activities outside campus.......This poster reveal how participatory design based research by the use of a CoED inspired creative process can be used for designing solutions to problems regarding students study activities outside campus....

  16. Design Verifikation Patterns

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, John; Ravn, Anders Peter; Skou, Arne

    2007-01-01

    Design Verification Patterns are formal specifications that define the semantics of design patterns. For each design pattern, the corresponding verification pattern give a set of proof obligations. They must be discharged for a correct implementation of the pattern. Additionally there is a set...... of properties that may be used in the design and verification of applications that employ the pattern. The concept is illustrated by examples from general software engineering and more specialised properties for embedded software....

  17. The design decision trail

    OpenAIRE

    Attenburrow, Derek H

    2012-01-01

    This was a published paper presented at the International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education on the 6th and 7th of September 2012 at the Artisis University College, Antwerp, Belgium. The Design Decision Trail is a student produced, visual narrative of a design project. It includes the signposting of key design decision points within the edited from the project. It is used to share information with student peers, tutors and potential employers. It is now being used in both ...

  18. Designing for more senses

    OpenAIRE

    HERSSENS, Jasmien; Heylighen, Ann

    2008-01-01

    Design for All (DfA) is a recent design paradigm which aims at handicap elimination in the physical environment and strives for a more humanised architecture. The implementation of DfA confronts architects, i.e. designers of the built environment, with a new challenge: designing environments that are user-friendly and elegant for as many people as possible, regardless of age, ability or circumstance. This study examines the advantages of involving users/experts with visual impairments in impl...

  19. Designing information systems

    CERN Document Server

    Blethyn, Stanley G

    2014-01-01

    Designing Information Systems focuses on the processes, methodologies, and approaches involved in designing information systems. The book first describes systems, management and control, and how to design information systems. Discussions focus on documents produced from the functional construction function, users, operators, analysts, programmers and others, process management and control, levels of management, open systems, design of management information systems, and business system description, partitioning, and leveling. The text then takes a look at functional specification and functiona

  20. MOOC Design Workshop

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgård, Rikke Toft; Mor, Yishay; Warburton, Steven

    2016-01-01

    For the last two years we have been running a series of successful MOOC design workshops. These workshops build on previous work in learning design and MOOC design patterns. The aim of these workshops is to aid practitioners in defining and conceptualising educational innovations (predominantly...

  1. Designing for animals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bouwhuis, T.

    2012-01-01

    This "designers' manual" is made during the TIDO-course AR0531 Smart & Bioclimatic Design. Providing living space for animals in cities is an underexposed subject in the practice of urban designers. We encounter the results of conflicting situations between humans and animals almost every day, and

  2. Bayesian Geostatistical Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Diggle, Peter; Lophaven, Søren Nymand

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes the use of model-based geostatistics for choosing the set of sampling locations, collectively called the design, to be used in a geostatistical analysis. Two types of design situation are considered. These are retrospective design, which concerns the addition of sampling...

  3. Systems and Environmental Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broadbent, Geoffrey

    Design, which is basically a decisionmaking process, requires certain information. Although the nature and quantity of information needed vary greatly from task to task, the designer could be greatly assisted if some means were devised to help him decide which information is essential for his particular task. In the design of buildings, the…

  4. Designing for Mathematical Abstraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pratt, Dave; Noss, Richard

    2010-01-01

    Our focus is on the design of systems (pedagogical, technical, social) that encourage mathematical abstraction, a process we refer to as "designing for abstraction." In this paper, we draw on detailed design experiments from our research on children's understanding about chance and distribution to re-present this work as a case study in designing…

  5. Energy efficient building design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-03-01

    The fundamental concepts of the building design process, energy codes and standards, and energy budgets are introduced. These tools were combined into Energy Design Guidelines and design contract requirements. The Guidelines were repackaged for a national audience and a videotape for selling the concept to government executives. An effort to test transfer of the Guidelines to outside agencies is described.

  6. Infrared design examples

    CERN Document Server

    Wolfe, William L

    1999-01-01

    This tutorial covers infrared design examples in considerable detail, building on principles presented in an earlier text, 'Introduction to Infrared System Design' (SPIE PRESS Vol. TT24). The text explores a range of problems illustrating several design issues, with applications in military, industry, aeronautics, space, and medicine, among others.

  7. The algorithm design manual

    CERN Document Server

    Skiena, Steven S

    2008-01-01

    Explaining designing algorithms, and analyzing their efficacy and efficiency, this book covers combinatorial algorithms technology, stressing design over analysis. It presents instruction on methods for designing and analyzing computer algorithms. It contains the catalog of algorithmic resources, implementations and a bibliography

  8. Design on Your Face

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funk, Roger L.

    2004-01-01

    This feature article has two goals. The first is to muse about the role of style and styling in the world of design and designing. The second is to present a project with which to engage students in several aspects of industrial design. This brief has been developed to use it either solely as a research activity or as a combined research and…

  9. Articulating Design Approaches?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kensing, Finn; Bødker, Keld; Simonsen, Jesper

    We are working on an approach for designing CSCW systems since we advocate the importance of generalizing from own work practice as designers and from studies of designers working under industrial conditions. We use the term approach as something in between commodified methods and isolated techni...

  10. Designing synthetic biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agapakis, Christina M

    2014-03-21

    Synthetic biology is frequently defined as the application of engineering design principles to biology. Such principles are intended to streamline the practice of biological engineering, to shorten the time required to design, build, and test synthetic gene networks. This streamlining of iterative design cycles can facilitate the future construction of biological systems for a range of applications in the production of fuels, foods, materials, and medicines. The promise of these potential applications as well as the emphasis on design has prompted critical reflection on synthetic biology from design theorists and practicing designers from many fields, who can bring valuable perspectives to the discipline. While interdisciplinary connections between biologists and engineers have built synthetic biology via the science and the technology of biology, interdisciplinary collaboration with artists, designers, and social theorists can provide insight on the connections between technology and society. Such collaborations can open up new avenues and new principles for research and design, as well as shed new light on the challenging context-dependence-both biological and social-that face living technologies at many scales. This review is inspired by the session titled "Design and Synthetic Biology: Connecting People and Technology" at Synthetic Biology 6.0 and covers a range of literature on design practice in synthetic biology and beyond. Critical engagement with how design is used to shape the discipline opens up new possibilities for how we might design the future of synthetic biology.

  11. Mechatronic Design Automation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fan, Zhun

    successfully design analogue filters, vibration absorbers, micro-electro-mechanical systems, and vehicle suspension systems, all in an automatic or semi-automatic way. It also investigates the very important issue of co-designing plant-structures and dynamic controllers in automated design of Mechatronic...

  12. What Task Designers Do.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Keith

    2000-01-01

    Describes a research project that is concerned with the design procedures followed by those engaged in designing pedagogic tasks for use in classrooms. Focuses on the part of the project that involves actual observation of designers in the process of developing one specific task for class use. Findings are presented under three headers: control…

  13. The Backpack Design Challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, Harry T.

    2010-01-01

    Something as simple as carrying books to school can be an interesting design challenge for students. It's an old problem that gets reinvented from time to time. In this article, the author discusses a backpack design challenge in which teachers work with students to design another way to carry books to school. The challenge started by trying to…

  14. Design Makes A Splash

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The capital city hosts new blueprints for modern living What does the word "design" conjure up for you? Luxury clothing,awesome graphics,or fancy furniture? Beijingers can find their own answers at the 2011 Beijing Design Week and the First Beijing International Design Triennial from September 26 to October 3.

  15. Designing Safe Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atlas, Randall

    Incorporating the principles and practices of crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) in the design and remodeling of schools can contribute to the safety of the school while reducing the target-hardening and fortressing effects of a bunker mentality. The basic CPTED premise is that through the effective use and design of the built…

  16. What Is Information Design?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redish, Janice C. (Ginny)

    2000-01-01

    Defines two meanings of information design: the overall process of developing a successful document; and the way the information is presented on the screen (layout, typography, color, and so forth). Discusses the future importance of both of these meanings of information design, in terms of design for the web and single-sources (planning…

  17. Conceptual thermal design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strijk, R.

    2008-01-01

    Present thermal design tools and methods insufficiently support the development of structural concepts engaged by typical practicing designers. Research described in this thesis identifies the main thermal design problems in practice. In addition, models and methods are developed that support an eff

  18. The Seismographic Design Concept

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Salamon, Karen Lisa; Engholm, Ida

    2015-01-01

    roots of modern design theory and academic design studies are traced back to Enlightenment debates and Romanticist discussions about industrial production, craftsmanship and the role of art in society. The history of modern design theory is described in the metaphorical terms of an unstable line...

  19. Designing the Instructional Interface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohr, L. L.

    2000-01-01

    Designing the instructional interface is a challenging endeavor requiring knowledge and skills in instructional and visual design, psychology, human-factors, ergonomic research, computer science, and editorial design. This paper describes the instructional interface, the challenges of its development, and an instructional systems approach to its…

  20. Organizing design work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scheuer, John Damm

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the importance of the kind of understanding of organizing that is implied by design theories for project managers' understanding and organizing of design work. Five theories and their organizing consequences for project managers organizing of design work...... are analyzed. The paper contributes to design research and organization studies by putting the organizing of design projects on the research agenda. It also contributes by demonstrating the importance of being aware of the ontological and epistemological assumptions and organizing consequences of different...

  1. Design practice in transition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Binder, Thomas

    2005-01-01

    Designers have always played an important role in shaping visions of the future. Throughout the western world they have brought issues of aestetic expression and common well being back to society by linking contemporary design and architecture with the arts and crafts of popular culture. Strong...... design communities have embraced the new possibilities of modern technology and developled design programmes that are able to express the aspirations and potential of the modern welfare state. Today new changes and challenges call for an enqually courageous formation of design communities...

  2. Tribology in machine design

    CERN Document Server

    Stolarski, Tadeusz

    1999-01-01

    ""Tribology in Machine Design is strongly recommended for machine designers, and engineers and scientists interested in tribology. It should be in the engineering library of companies producing mechanical equipment.""Applied Mechanics ReviewTribology in Machine Design explains the role of tribology in the design of machine elements. It shows how algorithms developed from the basic principles of tribology can be used in a range of practical applications within mechanical devices and systems.The computer offers today's designer the possibility of greater stringen

  3. Intuitive analog circuit design

    CERN Document Server

    Thompson, Marc

    2013-01-01

    Intuitive Analog Circuit Design outlines ways of thinking about analog circuits and systems that let you develop a feel for what a good, working analog circuit design should be. This book reflects author Marc Thompson's 30 years of experience designing analog and power electronics circuits and teaching graduate-level analog circuit design, and is the ideal reference for anyone who needs a straightforward introduction to the subject. In this book, Dr. Thompson describes intuitive and ""back-of-the-envelope"" techniques for designing and analyzing analog circuits, including transistor amplifi

  4. Residential lighting design

    CERN Document Server

    Steffen, Marcus

    2014-01-01

    Good lighting is essential to a building. An effective design is not just about introducing light into a space, but rather an appreciation of how the space will be used. A good lighting design is so intertwined with the building that it is only noticed in its absence. This book introduces the tools of the lighting designer and explains how to produce a lighting design for a home. Looking at the nature of light and introducing different lamps and light fittings available, it explains the basics of lighting design and how to provide atmosphere through the play of light and shadow. It gives room-

  5. Designing an Educational Game

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørner, Thomas; Hansen, Charina Benedikte Søgaard

    2010-01-01

    When designing games with learning purposes used in a classroom, there often occur problems about the lack of learning content or the lack of game contents. Other disadvantages of existing educational games are the difficulty to provide a continual balance between the challenge and the pupils...... games, and to integrate teachers, pupils and game designers needs and requirements. To set up these design principles for educational games we have used a holistic perspective. This means that the design principles must be seen in coherence within the social and physical environment. The design...

  6. MOS integrated circuit design

    CERN Document Server

    Wolfendale, E

    2013-01-01

    MOS Integral Circuit Design aims to help in the design of integrated circuits, especially large-scale ones, using MOS Technology through teaching of techniques, practical applications, and examples. The book covers topics such as design equation and process parameters; MOS static and dynamic circuits; logic design techniques, system partitioning, and layout techniques. Also featured are computer aids such as logic simulation and mask layout, as well as examples on simple MOS design. The text is recommended for electrical engineers who would like to know how to use MOS for integral circuit desi

  7. Worldviews for Design Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Galle, Per

    2006-01-01

    I suspect that the growing 'body' of design theory may be infected by more inconsistency than is justifiable by genuine disagreement among design researchers. Taking my clue from Peirce, who argued that theory inevitably rests on basics metaphysical assumptions that theorists ought to be critically...... aware of, I demonstrate how 'insidious inconsistency ' may infect design theory if we ignore this admonition. As a possible remedy, I propose a method by which the philosophy of design may develop sound methaphysical foundations ('worldviews') for design theory - and obtain philosophical insights...

  8. DESIGN AND HETEROGENEOUS ENGINEERING:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nickelsen, Niels Christian; Binder, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    This paper seeks a vocabulary to study designers at work. The paper draws on STS studies of scientists and laboratories. A number of studies are explored in order to identify different points of attention in studies of science and in studies of design. It is argued that the notions in actor network...... for a messy middleground between a regime of science with the purpose of information transfer and a regime of design that produces a master narrative of the designer. Being mindful of identities, materials, machines, plans, customers and ideas is held to be the way designers stabilize networks and become...

  9. Sonic Interaction Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    created for such contexts as mobile music, sensorimotor learning, rehabilitation, and gaming. The goal is not only to extend the existing research and pedagogical approaches to SID but also to foster domains of practice for sound designers, architects, interaction designers, media artists, product......Sound is an integral part of every user experience but a neglected medium in design disciplines. Design of an artifact’s sonic qualities is often limited to the shaping of functional, representational, and signaling roles of sound. The interdisciplinary field of sonic interaction design (SID...... aspects of sonic experience. Sonic Interaction Design gathers contributions from scholars, artists, and designers working at the intersections of fields ranging from electronic music to cognitive science. They offer both theoretical considerations of key themes and case studies of products and systems...

  10. Aware design models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tamke, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Appearing almost alive, a novel set of computational design models can become an active counterpart for architects in the design process. The ability to loop, sense and query and the integration of near real-time simulation provide these models with a depth and agility that allows for instant...... and informed feedback. Introducing the term "Aware models", the paper investigates how computational models become an enabler for a better informed architectural design practice, through the embedding of knowledge about constraints, behaviour and processes of formation and making into generative design models....... The inspection of several computational design projects in architectural research highlights three different types of awareness a model can possess and devises strategies to establish and finally design with aware models. This design practice is collaborative in nature and characterized by a bidirectional flow...

  11. Visualization Design Environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pomplun, A.R.; Templet, G.J.; Jortner, J.N.; Friesen, J.A.; Schwegel, J.; Hughes, K.R.

    1999-02-01

    Improvements in the performance and capabilities of computer software and hardware system, combined with advances in Internet technologies, have spurred innovative developments in the area of modeling, simulation and visualization. These developments combine to make it possible to create an environment where engineers can design, prototype, analyze, and visualize components in virtual space, saving the time and expenses incurred during numerous design and prototyping iterations. The Visualization Design Centers located at Sandia National Laboratories are facilities built specifically to promote the ''design by team'' concept. This report focuses on designing, developing and deploying this environment by detailing the design of the facility, software infrastructure and hardware systems that comprise this new visualization design environment and describes case studies that document successful application of this environment.

  12. Ethics and technology design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albrechtslund, Anders

    This article offers a discussion of the connection between technology and values and, specifically, I take a closer look at ethically sound design. In order to bring the discussion into a concrete context, the theory of Value Sensitive Design (VSD) will be the focus point. To illustrate my argument...... concerning design ethics, the discussion involves a case study of an augmented window, designed by the VSD Research Lab, which has turned out to be a potentially surveillanceenabling technology. I call attention to a “positivist problem” that has to do with the connection between the design context...... of design ethics, is intended as a constructive criticism, which can hopefully contribute to the further development of design ethics....

  13. The Design Space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heape, Chris

    The Design Space: the design process as the construction, exploration and expansion of a conceptual space.   Abstract The principal motivation for this dissertation and the research endeavour as a whole was the concern that current descriptions of the design process, generally conceptualised...... the empirical examples and their analyses, it emerged that it is possible to describe an alternative concept of the design process, namely as the construction, exploration and expansion of a conceptual space, a Design Space, where there is a transactional relationship between those three principle processes......, the one effecting the other. As much as the processes of construction, exploration and expansion of a Design Space can be described in general terms as social and as design activities, it also emerged that there are a number of interrelated processes, sensibilities and skills in constant transaction...

  14. The meaning of "design".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leslie, J

    2001-12-01

    Our universe obeys elegant laws that permit living beings to evolve. This can suggest divine design. So can fine tuning of physical and cosmological parameters in ways that seem essential to life. Understanding the idea of design is, however, difficult for many reasons. For instance, could a designer be said to "fine tune" through choosing all-dictating laws very carefully? Again, would taking advantage of early quantum indeterminacies be a case of design, or would it be design-destroying interference? Can we speak of "design" if God is not a mind but an abstract Platonic principle? And what if, as Spinoza believed, the structure of our universe is just the structure of divine thinking? If such thinking extended to other universes which were lifeless, could those "exhibit design" simply through being orderly?

  15. Teaching engineering design research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blessing, Lucienne; Andreasen, Mogens Myrup

    2005-01-01

    The importance og engineering design as an industrial activity, and the increasingly complex and dynamic context in which it takes place, has led to the wish to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of engineering design in practice as well as in education. Although attempts have been made...... to improve design for centuries, it was not until well in the second half of the 20th century that engineering design became a research topic (see pahl and Beitz (1996), Heymann (2004) for historical overviews). Engineering research, such as research into thermodynamics, mechanics and materials, has a much...... by PhD students. This has created the demand for a clear, efficient way of learning the crafmanship of doing design research, a demand which is in strong contrast to the state of design research in general. This article reflects the authors' efforts in running a summer school om engineering design...

  16. Integrated Structural Design Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard Jensen, Lotte; Almegaard, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    In Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), the environment is broadly defined and includes not only quantifiable aspects, but also social conditions, scenic beauty, traffic, cultural heritage, and commercial development. A successful bridge design must comply with all of these demands according to...... of a project, function well in design teams, and comply with EU EIA demands.......In Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), the environment is broadly defined and includes not only quantifiable aspects, but also social conditions, scenic beauty, traffic, cultural heritage, and commercial development. A successful bridge design must comply with all of these demands according...... landscaping and structural design. The integrated courses create a setting for learning about the design of large-scale structures and involve geometry, statics, computer simulation, graphical design and landscape architecture. Together, they educate engineers who can take part in the early design phases...

  17. Efficient Learning Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Godsk, Mikkel

    This paper presents the current approach to implementing educational technology with learning design at the Faculty of Science and Technology, Aarhus University, by introducing the concept of ‘efficient learning design’. The underlying hypothesis is that implementing learning design is more than...... engaging educators in the design process and developing teaching and learning, it is a shift in educational practice that potentially requires a stakeholder analysis and ultimately a business model for the deployment. What is most important is to balance the institutional, educator, and student...... perspectives and to consider all these in conjunction in order to obtain a sustainable, efficient learning design. The approach to deploying learning design in terms of the concept of efficient learning design, the catalyst for educational development, i.e. the learning design model and how it is being used...

  18. Sustainability = Good Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin Stelzer

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable design is fundamentally a subset of good design. The description of good design will eventually include criteria for the creation of a healthy environmentand energy efficiency. These goals will be achieved by an emergent paradigm of design practice: integration. At every level design interests will come together to facilitate common goals for the creation of a rewarding present and a healthy future. Interdisciplinary design teams will flourish. Inter-accommodating and fluidly communicating political structures will grow. Coalescing social values and economic forces will propel integrated strategies. Unique and innovative solutions will increasingly become the objective. One eventual outcome of this integrated or sustainable design practice will be the development of buildings that produce more energy than they consume.

  19. Reusing Design Knowledge Based on Design Cases and Knowledge Map

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Cheng; Liu, Zheng; Wang, Haobai; Shen, Jiaoqi

    2013-01-01

    Design knowledge was reused for innovative design work to support designers with product design knowledge and help designers who lack rich experiences to improve their design capacity and efficiency. First, based on the ontological model of product design knowledge constructed by taxonomy, implicit and explicit knowledge was extracted from some…

  20. Learning for design reuse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duffy, Alex; Duffy, Sandra M.

    1996-01-01

    Over the past decade "design assistance", that is, where the computer is viewed as an Intelligent Design Assistant (IDA), has emerged in knowledge based design support and has formed the basic research strategy for the CAD Cantre, University of Strathclyde, since the mid-1980s. Within this philos......Over the past decade "design assistance", that is, where the computer is viewed as an Intelligent Design Assistant (IDA), has emerged in knowledge based design support and has formed the basic research strategy for the CAD Cantre, University of Strathclyde, since the mid-1980s. Within...... this philosophy, an IDA would act as a colleague to a designer, providing guidance, learning from past experiences, carrying out semi- and fully-automated tasks, explaining its reasoning and in essence complementing the designer's own natural skills, and thus leaving the ultimate decision-making, control......, and responsibility with the designer.The ability to learn and evolve has been recognized as one of the key components of an IDA for it to fully support the designer's activities. Consequently, we have been directing our research effort on two main fronts, formalizing our understanding and developing models...

  1. Icons of Industrial Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominika Lušin

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available An icon of industrial design is a product characterized by its usability and good permanent design and that simultaneously functions as a bearer of a cultural meaning. These meanings do not originate from the product itself, or its aesthetics, shape, or function, but are formed in the context of wider social and cultural processes. Stuart Hall’s “Circuit of Culture” concept is a model for explaining the cultural processes that form a product’s meaning. These processes are representation, identity, production, consumption, and regulation. Design discourses—for example, discourse about the design profession and good design discourse—need to be taken into consideration in order to understand some of the icons of industrial design. A product can have a special meaning merely because it is signed by a famous designer or because it is declared to be an example of good design. This is also a reason why an item can be included in a museum collection. This is a framework to research and to understand icons of industrial design, such as the Thonet chair no. 14, Savoy vase, Vespa, Rex chair, Braun SK 4, Juicy Salif, and design artifacts in general.

  2. Analog circuit design designing waveform processing circuits

    CERN Document Server

    Feucht, Dennis

    2010-01-01

    The fourth volume in the set Designing Waveform-Processing Circuits builds on the previous 3 volumes and presents a variety of analog non-amplifier circuits, including voltage references, current sources, filters, hysteresis switches and oscilloscope trigger and sweep circuitry, function generation, absolute-value circuits, and peak detectors.

  3. Future integrated design environments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansson, Per; Svidt, Kjeld; Sørensen, Kristian Birch

    2009-01-01

    to be increased. The paper presents a roadmap for development of future Integrated Building Design Systems (IBDS) with end-user participation. Methods for development of tools supporting creative and innovative building design with end-user participation is taking into account, including methods for capture...... and product systems are formalized in digital models, user environments are provided with rich adaptable multimedia access to virtual models, virtual collaboration rooms established, and new efficient and effective ICT tools defined and implemented. There are though some barriers putting strains......-use of buildings, taking into account effective tools for creative and innovative design. Providing a common ground for successful building design system development and meta-level agreements on open design systems supporting different design contexts and end user needs and values. The roadmap timeframe is 3...

  4. Ethics and technology design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albrechtslund, Anders

    2007-01-01

    This article offers a discussion of the connection between technology and values and, specifically, I take a closer look at ethically sound design. In order to bring the discussion into a concrete context, the theory of Value Sensitive Design (VSD) will be the focus point. To illustrate my argument...... concerning design ethics, the discussion involves a case study of an augmented window, designed by the VSD Research Lab, which has turned out to be a potentially surveillance-enabling technology. I call attention to a "positivist problem" that has to do with the connection between the design context......, a design theory must accept that foresight is limited to anticipation rather than prediction. To overcome the positivist problem, I suggest a phenomenological approach to technology inspired by Don Ihde's concept of multistability. This argument, which is general in nature and thus applies to any theory...

  5. Computational Protein Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansson, Kristoffer Enøe

    Proteins are the major functional group of molecules in biology. The impact of protein science on medicine and chemical productions is rapidly increasing. However, the greatest potential remains to be realized. The fi eld of protein design has advanced computational modeling from a tool of support...... to a central method that enables new developments. For example, novel enzymes with functions not found in natural proteins have been de novo designed to give enough activity for experimental optimization. This thesis presents the current state-of-the-art within computational design methods together...... with a novel method based on probability theory. With the aim of assembling a complete pipeline for protein design, this work touches upon several aspects of protein design. The presented work is the computational half of a design project where the other half is dedicated to the experimental part...

  6. What about Design Newness?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Talke, Katrin; Salomo, Søren; Wieringa, Jaap E.;

    2009-01-01

    an argument for why design newness should be considered as a dimension of product innovativeness. In addition to providing conceptual rationale, empirical evidence is offered on the influence of design newness on sales performance across a product's life cycle. To be able to put the findings into perspective......, the performance effects of design newness are compared with those of technical newness. As several products exemplify that design newness and technical newness can go hand in hand, not only direct performance effects but also interaction effects between both newness dimensions are investigated. The arguments...... and objective sales data over time are accessible. The results emphasize that both design and technical newness are important drivers of car sales. However, the effects differ widely across the product life cycle. While design newness has a positive impact right after the introduction and persists in strength...

  7. Innovation without Design?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinheiro-Croisel, Rebecca; Hernes, Tor

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores innovation and social behaviourist theory in relation to sustainable urban projects in the highly institutionalized public sector (towns). Using empirical data from France, we examine the dynamics of a design process in which unexpected practices generated innovative urban...... into a movement of collective action, which presupposed the acquisition of a new identity. Ultimately, our objective is to combine social behaviourist theory and innovation theory and to facilitate innovative design in urban projects....... design. We show how the fact that the design process did not follow the standard phases of planning meant that the actors redefined themselves in relation to one another. We point out how the absence of urban design plans during a precise phase of an innovative design process drew the actors...

  8. Human Systems Design Criteria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jens

    1982-01-01

    the necessary functional qualities but also the needed human qualities. The author's main argument is, that the design process should be a dialectical synthesis of the two points of view: Man as a System Component, and System as Man's Environment. Based on a man's presentation of the state of the art a set...... of design criteria is suggested and their relevance discussed. The point is to focus on the operator rather than on the computer. The crucial question is not to program the computer to work on its own conditions, but to “program” the operator to function on human conditions.......This paper deals with the problem of designing more humanised computer systems. This problem can be formally described as the need for defining human design criteria, which — if used in the design process - will secure that the systems designed get the relevant qualities. That is not only...

  9. Nuclear reactor design

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    This book focuses on core design and methods for design and analysis. It is based on advances made in nuclear power utilization and computational methods over the past 40 years, covering core design of boiling water reactors and pressurized water reactors, as well as fast reactors and high-temperature gas-cooled reactors. The objectives of this book are to help graduate and advanced undergraduate students to understand core design and analysis, and to serve as a background reference for engineers actively working in light water reactors. Methodologies for core design and analysis, together with physical descriptions, are emphasized. The book also covers coupled thermal hydraulic core calculations, plant dynamics, and safety analysis, allowing readers to understand core design in relation to plant control and safety.

  10. Greener by design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diwekar, Urmila M

    2003-12-01

    Process simulation models and other design tools allow engineers to design, simulate, and optimize chemical processes. However, there is a critical need to incorporate green engineering into the design of these processes. This calls for extending the breadth of the design process. This paper presents an integrated framework for greener design. The framework starts the decision-making as early as the chemical and material selection stage and also includes management and planning decisions. The design goal is not restricted to profitability, but environmental and ecological objectives are also added. However, this integration poses challenging problem of discrete and continuous decisions, nonlinear models, and uncertainties. Furthermore, there are multiple and conflicting objectives to be considered. Therefore, the core of this integrated framework is the efficient algorithmic framework for multiobjective optimization under uncertainty. Two real world case studies are presented that illustrate the promise of such a framework.

  11. Exemplary Design Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Niels

    The didactic principle of exemplary learning may be defined briefly as 'learning by example'. In design education, working with a practical example is particularly appropriate, because design by definition is about creating a solution to a practical problem. Indeed, some design theorists claim...... Negt and the theories of design proposed by Herbert Simon and Schön. Simon's proposal of a generic science of design aligns well with Wagenschein's view of exemplary learning as a universal didactic approach. Therefore, in a sense, Simon's view is the most consistent with an exemplary learning approach....... Conversely, Schön sees a large part of design knowledge as domain­specific, and aligns well with Oskar Negt's view of exemplary learning as a means to acquire a certain mode of thinking and acting, rather than insight into universal laws. Therefore, Schön's view is perhaps only partially consistent...

  12. Sustainable Housing Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauring, Gert Michael

    2016-01-01

    Sustainable Housing Design. Integrating technical and housing quality aspects of sustainable architecture in civil engineering education. Summary An integrated design approach to sustainable architecture is outlined that combines concerns for zero energy building, good indoor climate and adequate...... phases. The outcome shows that integrated design further solutions where sustainable urban forms of settlement can be highly energy efficient while also attractive from a user perspective. Key words: Sustainable architecture, integrated design, zero-energy-housing, dense urban living. 1. Introduction...... constructions, private and public outdoor space, housing, urban and architectural quality. The educational framework, curriculum and inte-grated design methods are preconditions for optimizing a design process where technical criteria, functional concerns and housing quality are addressed from the initial...

  13. Satellite system design

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-01-01

    The design of the MSAT spacecraft for the LMSS is presented. The most important requirement affecting the design of MSAT is that of producing a prescribed number of multiple beams. A conceptual design for MSAT describing most major subsystem individually is developed. The design of the large UHF multiple beam antenna and its associated feed array which are the most singularly prominent features of MSAT is emphasized. The overall design is outlined, and each subsystem is discussed. The design of the feed array and the RF, control, power, propulsion, and thermal subsystem are included. The RF performace of the UHF antenna, including its beam isolation performance, is discussed. The volume and mass properties of MSAT and its Shuttle launch considerations are also included.

  14. IMPROVING CONCEPTUAL DESIGN QUALITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bush, Stuart; Robotham, Antony John

    1999-01-01

    This paper will consider how Quality Function Deployment (QFD) and Design for Manufacture and Assembly (DFMA) processes can be used to improve the design quality of products at the concept stage. We appreciate that both QFD and DFMA are techniques that have been used for some time by mature product...... quality is maintained in design project work. The projects described have been carried out with products manufactured by small to medium sized enterprises (SME's), where we have found significant opportunities for product improvement. The quantitative nature of DFMA analysis results allows the novice...... for continuous improvement of their products. However, we consider that if novice designers are able to successfully utilise design tools like QFD and DFMA and achieve improvements in design quality, then SME’s have no excuses for ignoring the benefits they could bring to their own product development activity....

  15. Creating flat design websites

    CERN Document Server

    Pratas, Antonio

    2014-01-01

    This book contains practical, step-by-step tutorials along with plenty of explanation about designing your flat website. Each section is introduced sequentially, building up your web design skills and completing your website.Creating Flat Design Websites is ideal for you if you are starting on your web development journey, but this book will also benefit seasoned developers wanting to start developing in flat.

  16. Introduction to logic design

    CERN Document Server

    Yanushkevich, Svetlana N

    2008-01-01

    Preface Design Process and Technology Theory of logic design Analysis and synthesis Implementation technologies Predictable technologies Contemporary CAD of logic networks Number Systems Positional numbers Counting in a positional number system Basic arithmetic operations in various number systems Binary arithmetic Radix-complement representations Techniques for conversion of numbers in various radices Overflow Residue arithmetic Other binary codes Redundancy and reliability Graphical Data Structures Graphs in discrete devices and systems design Basic definitions T

  17. Learning Python design patterns

    CERN Document Server

    Zlobin, Gennadiy

    2013-01-01

    This book takes a tutorial-based and user-friendly approach to covering Python design patterns. Its concise presentation means that in a short space of time, you will get a good introduction to various design patterns.If you are an intermediate level Python user, this book is for you. Prior knowledge of Python programming is essential. Some knowledge of UML is also required to understand the UML diagrams which are used to describe some design patterns.

  18. Towards urban mobility designs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lanng, Ditte Bendix; Harder, Henrik; Jensen, Ole B.

    2012-01-01

    Functionalist traffic design aims at a rational organisation of movement from A to B in a segregated and uniform physical environment. Such urban areas have been criticized for being exclusively functional and lacking sensuous and social qualities. Recent research on mobilities challenges the mor......, in relation to re-conceptualisation of the transit site, to mapping, and to design intervention. These propositions form part of our on-going work with urban mobility designs....

  19. Logical database design principles

    CERN Document Server

    Garmany, John; Clark, Terry

    2005-01-01

    INTRODUCTION TO LOGICAL DATABASE DESIGNUnderstanding a Database Database Architectures Relational Databases Creating the Database System Development Life Cycle (SDLC)Systems Planning: Assessment and Feasibility System Analysis: RequirementsSystem Analysis: Requirements Checklist Models Tracking and Schedules Design Modeling Functional Decomposition DiagramData Flow Diagrams Data Dictionary Logical Structures and Decision Trees System Design: LogicalSYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION The ER ApproachEntities and Entity Types Attribute Domains AttributesSet-Valued AttributesWeak Entities Constraint

  20. Droplet Lamp Design exhibition

    OpenAIRE

    Unver, Ertu; Dean, Lionel Theodore

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes experiments in the use of digital fluid simulation techniques within a\\ud product design context. It discusses the adoption and adaptation of virtual modelling tools in\\ud 3D creative practice. This work is exhibited at EuroMold, the world-wide fair in Germany for\\ud mold making, tooling, design and application development with around 60.000 visitors and lasts\\ud 4 days. The fair brings together professionals from design, prototyping and manufacturing.

  1. Nanomaterials design and simulation

    CERN Document Server

    Balbuena, Perla

    2006-01-01

    Over the past few decades, several approaches have been developed for designing nano-structured or molecularly-structured materials. These advances have revolutionized practically all fields of science and engineering, providing an additional design variable, the feature size of the nano-structures, which can be tailored to provide new materials with very special characteristics. Nanomaterials: Design and Simulation explores the role that such advances have made toward a rational design of nanostructures and covers a variety of methods from ab initio electronic structure techniques, ab initio

  2. MicroCMOS design

    CERN Document Server

    Song, Bang-Sup

    2011-01-01

    MicroCMOS Design covers key analog design methodologies with an emphasis on analog systems that can be integrated into systems-on-chip (SoCs). Starting at the transistor level, this book introduces basic concepts in the design of system-level complementary metal-oxide semiconductors (CMOS). It uses practical examples to illustrate circuit construction so that readers can develop an intuitive understanding rather than just assimilate the usual conventional analytical knowledge. As SoCs become increasingly complex, analog/radio frequency (RF) system designers have to master both system- and tran

  3. LSST Camera Optics Design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Riot, V J; Olivier, S; Bauman, B; Pratuch, S; Seppala, L; Gilmore, D; Ku, J; Nordby, M; Foss, M; Antilogus, P; Morgado, N

    2012-05-24

    The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) uses a novel, three-mirror, telescope design feeding a camera system that includes a set of broad-band filters and three refractive corrector lenses to produce a flat field at the focal plane with a wide field of view. Optical design of the camera lenses and filters is integrated in with the optical design of telescope mirrors to optimize performance. We discuss the rationale for the LSST camera optics design, describe the methodology for fabricating, coating, mounting and testing the lenses and filters, and present the results of detailed analyses demonstrating that the camera optics will meet their performance goals.

  4. EMI filter design

    CERN Document Server

    Ozenbaugh, Richard Lee

    2011-01-01

    With today's electrical and electronics systems requiring increased levels of performance and reliability, the design of robust EMI filters plays a critical role in EMC compliance. Using a mix of practical methods and theoretical analysis, EMI Filter Design, Third Edition presents both a hands-on and academic approach to the design of EMI filters and the selection of components values. The design approaches covered include matrix methods using table data and the use of Fourier analysis, Laplace transforms, and transfer function realization of LC structures. This edition has been fully revised

  5. HVAC systems design handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Haines, Roger W

    2010-01-01

    Thoroughly updated with the latest codes, technologies, and practices, this all-in-one resource provides details, calculations, and specifications for designing efficient and effective residential, commercial, and industrial HVAC systems. HVAC Systems Design Handbook, Fifth Edition, features new information on energy conservation and computer usage for design and control, as well as the most recent International Code Council (ICC) Mechanical Code requirements. Detailed illustrations, tables, and essential HVAC equations are also included. This comprehensive guide contains everything you need to design, operate, and maintain peak-performing HVAC systems.

  6. Rotorcraft Conceptual Design Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Wayne; Sinsay, Jeffrey D.

    2010-01-01

    Requirements for a rotorcraft conceptual design environment are discussed, from the perspective of a government laboratory. Rotorcraft design work in a government laboratory must support research, by producing technology impact assessments and defining the context for research and development; and must support the acquisition process, including capability assessments and quantitative evaluation of designs, concepts, and alternatives. An information manager that will enable increased fidelity of analysis early in the design effort is described. This manager will be a framework to organize information that describes the aircraft, and enable movement of that information to and from analyses. Finally, a recently developed rotorcraft system analysis tool is described.

  7. The Strategic Design Perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jørgen

    2006-01-01

    In this article I argue, and exemplify, that designers working in close relation with industry, can have significant influence on the nature and the quality of the products (or services) produced by the companies. In order to achieve this, the designer must become one of the decisive factors...... a difference. The question is: how the designers do it? How do they go beyond individual achievements and talent and define that specific quality in design that insures the necessary impact to make a real difference in the global picture?...

  8. Clockwork game design

    CERN Document Server

    Burgun, Keith

    2015-01-01

    Only by finding and focusing on a core mechanism can you further your pursuit of elegance in strategy game design.Clockwork Game Design is the most functional and directly applicable theory for game design. It details the clockwork game design pattern, which focuses on building around fundamental functionality. You can then use this understanding to prescribe a system for building and refining your rulesets. A game can achieve clarity of purpose by starting with a strong core, then removing elements that conflict with that core while adding elements that support it.Filled with examples and exe

  9. ECOLOGICAL BUILDING DESIGN DETERMINANTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Vakili-Ardebili

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The sustainable building design process is driven on the basis of a range of design eco-indicators. Consideration of a multitude of eco-determinants, such as environment, economy, resources, energy consumption and society values in addition to design characteristics and contexts, makes the process of ecological design even more complex. A large number of eco-drivers are extracted from the literature and current design practices. To gain a better insight on eco-design determinants, a survey focusing on the use of eco-design drivers has been conducted with various architects in the UK. The factor analysis method was used to remove redundant data from the survey. Through the factor analysis approach, 115 eco-determinants are grouped into six main clusters. This article presents the process, analysis and findings of this work. The extracted eco-indicators and their associated clusters can be used to improve the process of ecological building design. DOI: 10.3763/aedm.2008.0096 Source: Architectural Engineering and Design Management, Volume 6, Number 2, 2010 , pp. 111-131(21

  10. Head First Web Design

    CERN Document Server

    Watrall, Ethan

    2008-01-01

    Want to know how to make your pages look beautiful, communicate your message effectively, guide visitors through your website with ease, and get everything approved by the accessibility and usability police at the same time? Head First Web Design is your ticket to mastering all of these complex topics, and understanding what's really going on in the world of web design. Whether you're building a personal blog or a corporate website, there's a lot more to web design than div's and CSS selectors, but what do you really need to know? With this book, you'll learn the secrets of designing effecti

  11. Computational design of metalloproteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parmar, Avanish S; Pike, Douglas; Nanda, Vikas

    2014-01-01

    A number of design strategies exist for the development of novel metalloproteins. These strategies often exploit the inherent symmetry of metal coordination and local topology. Computational design of metal binding sites in flexible regions of proteins is challenging as the number of conformational degrees of freedom is significantly increased. Additionally, without pre-organization of the primary shell ligands by the protein fold, metal binding sites can rearrange according to the coordination constraints of the metal center. Examples of metal incorporation into existing folds, full fold design exploiting symmetry, and fold design in asymmetric scaffolds are presented.

  12. Communicating (by) Design 2009

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elkær, Tim Nøhr

    software into the curriculum of architechture and design education. The paper describes a workshop held at the Danish Design School, where students proficient in using digital media, are challenged to use analogue models instead, to rediscover and utilize some of the creative potentials offered......The paper discusses the current change of role and status of the representation as a means to communicate design in the digital era. It outlines two opposite directions for the development of software-technology, and brings forward current research, on the didactic aspects of introducing digital......; Ambiguity; Heuristics; Design education...

  13. Precision machine design

    CERN Document Server

    Slocum, Alexander H

    1992-01-01

    This book is a comprehensive engineering exploration of all the aspects of precision machine design - both component and system design considerations for precision machines. It addresses both theoretical analysis and practical implementation providing many real-world design case studies as well as numerous examples of existing components and their characteristics. Fast becoming a classic, this book includes examples of analysis techniques, along with the philosophy of the solution method. It explores the physics of errors in machines and how such knowledge can be used to build an error budget for a machine, how error budgets can be used to design more accurate machines.

  14. Evaluating Aesthetic in Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Folkmann, Mads Nygaard

    2010-01-01

    The article proposes a conceptual framework for discussing, theorizing, analyzing and practically dealing with aesthetics in design. With the phenomenological theory of Maurice Merleau-Ponty as its point of departure, the article identifies two important aspects of aesthetics in design: an aesthe......The article proposes a conceptual framework for discussing, theorizing, analyzing and practically dealing with aesthetics in design. With the phenomenological theory of Maurice Merleau-Ponty as its point of departure, the article identifies two important aspects of aesthetics in design...

  15. Designing Instructional Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furtado, Lorraine T.

    1974-01-01

    The author presents an instructional design model for teachers that evolves around a teacher-manager concept which recognizes management functions of: planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. (EA)

  16. Pipe drafting and design

    CERN Document Server

    Parisher, Roy A; Parisher

    2000-01-01

    Pipe designers and drafters provide thousands of piping drawings used in the layout of industrial and other facilities. The layouts must comply with safety codes, government standards, client specifications, budget, and start-up date. Pipe Drafting and Design, Second Edition provides step-by-step instructions to walk pipe designers and drafters and students in Engineering Design Graphics and Engineering Technology through the creation of piping arrangement and isometric drawings using symbols for fittings, flanges, valves, and mechanical equipment. The book is appropriate primarily for pipe

  17. Industrial design students sweep international design competition in San Francisco

    OpenAIRE

    Chadwick, Heather Riley

    2010-01-01

    Four teams of students from Virginia Tech's industrial design program in the School of Architecture + Design swept the five award categories at an international design competition that included professional industrial designs.

  18. Bioclimatic architecture in a social interest house; Arquitectura bioclimatica en la vivienda de interes social

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morillon Galvez, David [Programa Universitario de Energia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    The bioclimatic architecture tries to promote one more type of design and to settle down bases to become aware and have a change of attitude toward the designing and use of the construction materials and equipment. The change consists in offering tools so that the designer and constructor consider the interaction of the environment over the construction site, in order for this last to regulate the heat interchanges with the environment and provide comfort conditions for human beings. With base in the study of the bioclima of the diverse climatic zones of the Republic, recommendations for the architectonic and urban design are emitted. Also, we will analyze and discuss over the tool that represents the bioclimatic design for the construction of buildings, under the considering that approximately 66 % of the country is submitted to warm climate. The recommendations will consist in defining the favorable orientation of the facades to the climate of the site along with thermal characteristics, thickness and finishing of the construction materials, exposure to the sun in windows, forms of the building, among others. These recommendations will allow to obtain a building designed for the conditions of comfort and at the same time energy saving, in accordance with the official norms for the thermal design of the building cover that, in this year will be compulsory for the case of non residential buildings and approaching to residential buildings. This can be without extra cost for the builder and surely with benefits for the user, such as electrical energy saving, diminution of the billing, thermal and environmental comfort conditions, among others. All of this will be presented in this document besides constructed projects and examples of modification in the present designs of houses in the country. [Spanish] La arquitectura bioclimatica trata de promover un tipo mas de diseno, trata de sentar bases para la toma de conciencia y un cambio de actitud respecto al diseno y al

  19. Ship design methodologies of preliminary design

    CERN Document Server

    Papanikolaou, Apostolos

    2014-01-01

    This book deals with ship design and in particular with methodologies of the preliminary design of ships. The book is complemented by a basic bibliography and five appendices with useful updated charts for the selection of the main dimensions and other basic characteristics of different types of ships (Appendix A), the determination of hull form  from the data of systematic hull form series (Appendix B), the detailed description of the relational method for the preliminary estimation of ship weights (Appendix C), a brief review of the historical evolution of shipbuilding science and technology from the prehistoric era to date (Appendix D) and finally a historical review of regulatory developments of ship's damage stability to date (Appendix E).  The book can be used as textbook for ship design courses or as additional reading for university or college students of naval architecture courses and related disciplines; it may also serve as a reference book for naval architects, practicing engineers of rel...

  20. Science and design revisited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Galle, Per; Kroes, Peter

    2015-01-01

    In 2012, Robert Farrell and Cliff Hooker published a paper in Design Studies, arguing against the conventional science–design distinction. Finding their position highly controversial, we opposed it in a paper of our own, to which Farrell and Hooker have now responded with a defence of their view...