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Sample records for arca subcrenata lischke

  1. Effects and Mechanisms of Surface Topography on the Antiwear Properties of Molluscan Shells (Scapharca subcrenata Using the Fluid-Solid Interaction Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Limei Tian

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The surface topography (surface morphology and structure of the left Scapharca subcrenata shell differs from that of its right shell. This phenomenon is closely related to antiwear capabilities. The objective of this study is to investigate the effects and mechanisms of surface topography on the antiwear properties of Scapharca subcrenata shells. Two models are constructed—a rib morphology model (RMM and a coupled structure model (CSM—to mimic the topographies of the right and left shells. The antiwear performance and mechanisms of the two models are studied using the fluid-solid interaction (FSI method. The simulation results show that the antiwear capabilities of the CSM are superior to those of the RMM. The CSM is also more conducive to decreasing the impact velocity and energy of abrasive particles, reducing the probability of microcrack generation, extension, and desquamation. It can be deduced that in the real-world environment, Scapharca subcrenata’s left shell sustains more friction than its right shell. Thus, the coupled structure of the left shell is the result of extensive evolution.

  2. 75 FR 5363 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change Modifying...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-02

    ... flow, imposed significant competitive pressure on the NYSE Arca to act equitably, fairly, and... competitive forces that the Commission described in the NYSE Arca Order are present in the case of NYSE Arca... ``when possible, reliance on competitive forces is the most appropriate and effective means to assess...

  3. 75 FR 30095 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Amending Its...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-28

    ... SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34-62157; File No. SR-NYSEArca-2010-28] Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Amending Its Schedule of Fees May 24, 2010. On April 12, 2010, NYSE Arca, Inc. (``NYSE Arca'') filed with the Securities and Exchange...

  4. Automated Real-Time Clearance Analyzer (ARCA), Phase I

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Automated Real-Time Clearance Analyzer (ARCA) addresses the future safety need for Real-Time System-Wide Safety Assurance (RSSA) in aviation and progressively...

  5. ARCA II - a new apparatus for fast, repetitive HPLC separations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schaedel, M.; Bruechle, W.; Jaeger, E.; Schimpf, E.; Kratz, J.V.; Scherer, U.W.; Zimmermann, H.P.

    1989-04-01

    The microcomputer controlled Automated Rapid Chemistry Apparatus, ARCA, is described in its newly designed version for the study of chemical properties of element 105 in aqueous solutions. This improved version, ARCA II, is adapted to the needs of fast and repetitive separations to be carried out in a chemically inert automated micro high performance liquid chromatography system. As an example, the separation of several group IIIB, IVB, and VB elements in the system triisooctylamine/hydrochloric acid within 30 s is demonstrated. Furthermore, a new method for the fast preparation of samples for α-particle spectroscopy by evaporation of the aqueous effluent with an intense light source is presented. (orig.)

  6. 75 FR 48385 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-10

    ... Gap Inc/The 331 ESI ITT Educational Services Inc. 280 TSL Trina Solar Ltd......... 332 NKE NIKE Inc...-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule... hereby given that on July 20, 2010, NYSE Arca, Inc. (``NYSE Arca'' or the ``Exchange'') filed with the...

  7. Analysis of the ArcA regulon in anaerobically grown Salmonella enterica sv. Typhimurium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Porwollik Steffen

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium is a Gram-negative pathogen that must successfully adapt to the broad fluctuations in the concentration of dissolved dioxygen encountered in the host. In Escherichia coli, ArcA (Aerobic Respiratory Control helps the cells to sense and respond to the presence of dioxygen. The global role of ArcA in E. coli is well characterized; however, little is known about its role in anaerobically grown S. Typhimurium. Results We compared the transcriptional profiles of the virulent wild-type (WT strain (ATCC 14028s and its isogenic arcA mutant grown under anaerobic conditions. We found that ArcA directly or indirectly regulates 392 genes (8.5% of the genome; of these, 138 genes are poorly characterized. Regulation by ArcA in S. Typhimurium is similar, but distinct from that in E. coli. Thus, genes/operons involved in core metabolic pathways (e.g., succinyl-CoA, fatty acid degradation, cytochrome oxidase complexes, flagellar biosynthesis, motility, and chemotaxis were regulated similarly in the two organisms. However, genes/operons present in both organisms, but regulated differently by ArcA in S. Typhimurium included those coding for ethanolamine utilization, lactate transport and metabolism, and succinate dehydrogenases. Salmonella-specific genes/operons regulated by ArcA included those required for propanediol utilization, flagellar genes (mcpAC, cheV, Gifsy-1 prophage genes, and three SPI-3 genes (mgtBC, slsA, STM3784. In agreement with our microarray data, the arcA mutant was non-motile, lacked flagella, and was as virulent in mice as the WT. Additionally, we identified a set of 120 genes whose regulation was shared with the anaerobic redox regulator, Fnr. Conclusion(s We have identified the ArcA regulon in anaerobically grown S. Typhimurium. Our results demonstrated that in S. Typhimurium, ArcA serves as a transcriptional regulator coordinating cellular metabolism, flagella

  8. 78 FR 13103 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-26

    ... intermediate holding company from the ownership structure of the Exchange. C. Self-Regulatory Organization's...-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Amending Its Rules To..., Inc., Thereby Eliminating NYSE Arca Holdings, Inc. From the Ownership Structure of the Exchange...

  9. 77 FR 42343 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-18

    ... Firm manual executions, which excludes Strategy Executions, Royalty Fees, and firm trades executed via... Change Relating to Amendments to the NYSE Arca Options Fee Schedule To Increase the Posted Liquidity... Exchange proposes to amend the NYSE Arca Options Fee Schedule (``Fee Schedule'') to increase the posted...

  10. 78 FR 47807 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-06

    ... Change Amending the NYSE Arca Options Fee Schedule To Increase the Royalty Fees Applicable to Non... Fee Schedule to increase the Royalty Fees applicable to non-Customer transactions in options on the... proposes to amend the NYSE Arca Options Fee Schedule to increase the Royalty Fees applicable to non...

  11. 77 FR 38351 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-27

    ... copper market is the third largest metals market in terms of physical volume. Much of the copper traded...-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List and Trade Shares of iShares Copper Trust Pursuant to NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.201 June 22, 2012. Pursuant to Section...

  12. The bacterial response regulator ArcA uses a diverse binding site architecture to regulate carbon oxidation globally.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan M Park

    Full Text Available Despite the importance of maintaining redox homeostasis for cellular viability, how cells control redox balance globally is poorly understood. Here we provide new mechanistic insight into how the balance between reduced and oxidized electron carriers is regulated at the level of gene expression by mapping the regulon of the response regulator ArcA from Escherichia coli, which responds to the quinone/quinol redox couple via its membrane-bound sensor kinase, ArcB. Our genome-wide analysis reveals that ArcA reprograms metabolism under anaerobic conditions such that carbon oxidation pathways that recycle redox carriers via respiration are transcriptionally repressed by ArcA. We propose that this strategy favors use of catabolic pathways that recycle redox carriers via fermentation akin to lactate production in mammalian cells. Unexpectedly, bioinformatic analysis of the sequences bound by ArcA in ChIP-seq revealed that most ArcA binding sites contain additional direct repeat elements beyond the two required for binding an ArcA dimer. DNase I footprinting assays suggest that non-canonical arrangements of cis-regulatory modules dictate both the length and concentration-sensitive occupancy of DNA sites. We propose that this plasticity in ArcA binding site architecture provides both an efficient means of encoding binding sites for ArcA, σ(70-RNAP and perhaps other transcription factors within the same narrow sequence space and an effective mechanism for global control of carbon metabolism to maintain redox homeostasis.

  13. 77 FR 34445 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-11

    ... Outsourcing Solutions, Inc. as an NYSE Arca ETP Holder and OTP Holder, Subject to Apex Clearing Complying With... Corporation, f/k/a Ridge Clearing and Outsourcing Solutions, Inc. (``Apex Clearing'') as an NYSE Arca ETP... could have a significant collateral impact to a number of other ETP Holders and OTP Holders. The...

  14. 77 FR 41849 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-16

    ... or OTP Holder has trained its personnel, and any entity assisting in its compliance, in procedures... Rule 3230(e). Outsourcing Telemarketing NYSE Arca Rule 9.20(b)(6) states that if an OTP Firm or OTP... remains responsible for ensuring compliance with all provisions contained in the rule. Proposed NYSE Arca...

  15. 77 FR 1545 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-10

    ....15c3-5. Because these are NYSE Arca proprietary firms, the regulatory risk of extending the time to...-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule... Trail System Rules, for Equity Trading Permit Holders That Are Not Financial Industry Regulatory...

  16. 77 FR 65920 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-31

    ... Trading of Shares of the Pring Turner Business Cycle ETF Under NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.600 October 25... Turner Business Cycle ETF. The text of the proposed rule change is available on the Exchange's Web site... and trade shares (``Shares'') of the Pring Turner Business Cycle ETF (``Fund'') under NYSE Arca...

  17. 77 FR 76121 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ... well as other factors that influence exchange rates such as flows, market technical trends, and... Foreign Currency Strategy Exchange-Traded Fund Under NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.600 December 19, 2012... following under NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.600 (``Managed Fund Shares''): PIMCO Foreign Currency Strategy...

  18. 77 FR 31050 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-24

    ...-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule... Liquidity in Penny Pilot Issues May 18, 2012. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (``Act''),\\1\\ and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,\\2\\ notice is hereby given that on May 8, 2012, NYSE Arca...

  19. 75 FR 31484 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To Modify...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-03

    ... nature of the core data disclosure regime leaves little room for competitive forces to determine products... an essential part of NYSE Arca's competitive success. If NYSE Arca cannot attract order flow to its...); State Oil Co. v. Khan, 522 U.S. 3 (1997); Northern Pacific Railway Co. v. U.S., 356 U.S. 1 (1958). \\23...

  20. 76 FR 53012 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-24

    ...) at all times the customer order is executable by the ETP Holder. Conforming and Other Changes For... respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications... Change Deleting the Text of NYSE Arca Equities Rules 6.16 and 6.16A, and Adopting New NYSE Arca Equities...

  1. 76 FR 79238 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-21

    ... Publication of Manipulative or Deceptive Quotations or Transactions, as NYSE Arca Equities Rule 5210 December... manipulative or deceptive quotations or transactions, as NYSE Arca Equities Rule 5210. The text of the proposed... the text of FINRA Rule 5210, which prohibits the publication of manipulative or deceptive quotations...

  2. 78 FR 28917 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-16

    ... connect to the server remain fee liable. If the Professional End-User cannot limit or track the number of... Change Establishing Non- Display Usage Fees and Amending the Professional End-User Fees for NYSE Arca... Professional End-User fees for NYSE Arca Options market data, operative on May 1, 2013. The text of the...

  3. Flight test of a spin parachute for use with a Super Arcas sounding rocket

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silbert, M. N.

    1975-01-01

    The development and flight testing of a specially configured 16.6 ft Disc Band Gap (DBG) Spin Parachute is discussed. The parachute is integrated with a modified Super Arcas launch vehicle. Total payload weight was 17.6 lbs including the Spin Parachute and a scientific payload, and lift-off weight was 100.3 lbs. The Super Arcas vehicle was despun from 18.4 cps. After payload separation at 244,170 ft the Spin Parachute and its payload attained a maximum spin rate of 2.4 cps. Total suspended weight of the Spin Parachute and its payload was 14.64 lbs.

  4. 76 FR 24954 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-03

    ... Equities Rule 7.16(f)(iv)(A), the Exchange may lift the short sale price test restrictions before the Short... Arca Equities Rule 7.16(f)(iv)(A) \\10\\ to provide that the Exchange may also lift the short sale price... Arca Equities Rule 7.16(f)(iii), the short sale price test restrictions of Rule 201 are triggered if a...

  5. Biosorption of heavy metals and radionuclide from aqueous solutions by pre-treated arca shell biomass

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dahiya, Sudhir; Tripathi, R.M.; Hegde, A.G.

    2008-01-01

    In this study biosorption potential of pre-treated arca shell biomass for lead, copper, nickel, cobalt and cesium was explored from the artificially prepared solution containing known amount of metals. The effects of pH, initial concentration, biosorbent dosage and contact time were studied in batch experiments. Effects of common ions like sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium on the sorption capacity of pre-treated arca biomasses were also studied. To analyse the homogeneity of the biomaterial, experiments were performed for eight lots arca shell biomass for all the studies elements and it was observed that relative standard deviation in uptake capacity was within 10% for all elements. At equilibrium, the maximum total uptake by shell biomaterial was 18.33 ± 0.44, 17.64 ± 0.31, 9.86 ± 0.17, 3.93 ± 0.11 and 7.82 ± 0.36 mg/g for lead, copper, nickel, cesium and cobalt, respectively, under the optimised condition of pH, initial concentration, biosorbent dose and contact time. Effect of all the common ions jointly up to concentration of 50 ppm was negligible for all the elements but at higher levels the cations affects the uptake capacity. Sorption isotherms were studied to explain the removal mechanism of both elements by fitting isotherms data into Lagergren, Freundlich and Langmuir equations. Halls separation factor estimated under optimised condition also favours the sorption potential of these elements using arca shell biomass. Arca shell biomass can be effectively and efficiently employed for removal of studied elements after optimisation of parameters

  6. 76 FR 9065 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-16

    ... the SPDR Nuveen S&P High Yield Municipal Bond ETF February 9, 2011. I. Introduction On December 21... Municipal Bond ETF (``ETF'' or ``Fund'') under NYSE Arca Equities Rule 5.2(j)(3), Commentary .02. The... Municipal Bond ETF (``Fund'' or ``ETF''). The SPDR Nuveen S&P High Yield Municipal Bond ETF\\4\\ seeks to...

  7. 76 FR 32005 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-02

    ... Listing and Trading of the Guggenheim Enhanced Core Bond ETF and Guggenheim Enhanced Ultra- Short Bond ETF... change to list and trade shares (``Shares'') of the Guggenheim Enhanced Core Bond ETF and Guggenheim Enhanced Ultra-Short Bond ETF (each a ``Fund,'' and, together, the ``Funds'') under NYSE Arca Equities Rule...

  8. 75 FR 11221 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-10

    ... Change Relating to Listing of Wilshire 5000 Total Market ETF and the Wilshire 4500 Completion ETF March 3... proposes to list and trade the shares of the Wilshire 5000 Total Market ETF and the Wilshire 4500 Completion ETF under NYSE Arca Equities Rule 5.2(j)(3). The text of the proposed rule change is available at...

  9. 78 FR 6161 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-29

    ... Listing and Trading of Shares of the Horizons S&P 500 Covered Call ETF, Horizons S&P Financial Select Sector Covered Call ETF, and Horizons S&P Energy Select Sector Covered Call ETF Under NYSE Arca Equities... 500 Covered Call ETF, Horizons S&P Financial Select Sector Covered Call ETF, and Horizons S&P Energy...

  10. 78 FR 76669 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Amendment No. 1 and Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-18

    ... MFS Systematic Core Equity ETF, SPDR MFS Systematic Growth Equity ETF, and SPDR MFS Systematic Value Equity ETF Under NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.600 December 12, 2013. I. Introduction On October 10, 2013... SPDR MFS Systematic Core Equity ETF, SPDR MFS Systematic Growth Equity ETF, and SPDR MFS Systematic...

  11. 75 FR 80084 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-21

    ... futures or options or derivatives on the foregoing in this subparagraph (b); or (c) CBOE Volatility Index...) interest rate futures or options or derivatives on the foregoing; or (c) CBOE VIX futures. NYSE Arca... (multiple or inverse) performance of an index or indexes of futures contracts or options or derivatives on...

  12. 75 FR 2896 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change Relating to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-19

    ... and Annual Fee Applicable to Derivative Securities Products January 12, 2010. On November 24, 2009... Services (``Fee Schedule'') to revise the listing and annual fees applicable to Derivative Securities... Schedule, the term ``Derivative Securities Products'' includes securities described in NYSE Arca Equities...

  13. 75 FR 51863 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change Relating to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-23

    ... securities defined in Section 2 of NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8, collectively, ``Derivative Securities Products... Derivative Securities Products) each shall have a minimum market value of at least $75 million. The Exchange... provides, among other things, that (i) the component stocks (excluding Derivative Securities Products...

  14. 76 FR 55956 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-09

    ... Commentary .02(b)(4) to NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.200, means any combination of investments, including cash... investment objective of USMI is for the daily changes in percentage terms of its Units' net asset value... Fundamentals of Commodity Futures Returns,'' Gorton, Rouwenhorst and Hayashi (September 2008), Yale...

  15. 77 FR 71469 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-30

    ... Auction Process. \\4\\ See NYSE Arca Options Rule 6.37(b)(1). The big-ask [sic] guidelines specified in Rule... subject to a standard- width quote requirement puts the Exchange at a competitive disadvantage to other... Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing...

  16. 78 FR 21452 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-10

    ... proposes the creation of Customer Posting Credit Tiers in Non-Penny Pilot Issues with two Tiers to receive... Customer Post Liquidity credit tiers, and the creation of the new Customer Posting Credit Tiers in Non... Arca also proposes additional language in endnote 8, to define Retail Orders. A Retail Order must...

  17. 76 FR 20396 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-12

    ...\\ The Exchange also proposes to replace certain premium credits in high volume issues and volume tier pricing incentives for Customers and Market Makers in Penny Pilot issues with a Customer Monthly Posting... Arca proposes a differential of $0.22.\\4\\ \\4\\ See Phlx Price List, ``Make/Take Pricing Program'' at...

  18. 75 FR 37510 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change by NYSE Arca, Inc...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-29

    ... countries' currencies relative to the U.S. dollar. The term ``commodity currency'' generally is used to... Trading of WisdomTree Dreyfus Commodity Currency Fund Under NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.600 June 22, 2010... Equities Rule 8.600: WisdomTree Dreyfus Commodity Currency Fund (``Fund''). The text of the proposed rule...

  19. 75 FR 47652 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of a Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... Listing and Trading of WisdomTree Dreyfus Commodity Currency Fund under NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.600... and trade the shares (``Shares'') of the WisdomTree Dreyfus Commodity Currency Fund (``Fund'') under... redemption securities, including that the securities accepted for deposits and the securities used to satisfy...

  20. 78 FR 77743 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-24

    ...\\ a proposed rule change to list and trade shares (``Shares'') of the PIMCO Diversified Income... proposes to list and trade the Shares of the Funds pursuant to NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.600, which governs... to other risks, such as interest rate or currency risk. A Fund may also use forwards to enhance...

  1. 77 FR 36591 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-19

    ...., value, growth), sectors, and industries, as well as exchange- traded currency and commodity trusts..., securities, foreign currencies, and net income from an interest in a qualified publicly traded partnership... traded on the Exchange under NYSE Arca Equities Rule 5.2(j)(3), seeks to provide investment results that...

  2. 75 FR 81697 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-28

    ... ``Underlying ETPs'') including, but not limited to, exchange-traded notes (``ETNs''), exchange-traded currency..., exchange-traded currency trusts and closed-end funds.\\9\\ \\9\\ See note 7 supra [sic]. In general, the Fund... investment company that issues Investment Company Units, listed and traded on the Exchange under NYSE Arca...

  3. 77 FR 51081 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-23

    ... each of the last three years, but with a currency that has been primarily traded on a non-delivered... traded on the Exchange under NYSE Arca Equities Rule 5.2(j)(3), seeks to provide investment results that...) the country has issued the equivalent of $5 billion in local currency sovereign debt. The criteria...

  4. 77 FR 6850 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-09

    ... Listing and Trading of the PIMCO Total Return Exchange Traded Fund Under NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.600... and trade shares (``Shares'') of the PIMCO Total Return Exchange Traded Fund (``Fund'') under NYSE... outlook for interest rates, currency exchange rates, and the economy, analyze credit and call risks, and...

  5. 77 FR 21827 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-11

    ... Fund Shares on the Exchange.\\3\\ The Fund will be an actively managed exchange-traded fund.\\4\\ The... Investment Company Units, listed and traded on the Exchange under NYSE Arca Equities Rule 5.2(j)(3), seeks to...-NYSEArca-2008-86) (order approving Exchange listing and trading of WisdomTree Dreyfus Emerging Currency...

  6. 78 FR 14600 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-06

    ... currency other than United States dollars) or more par amount outstanding and significant par value traded... traded on the Exchange under NYSE Arca Equities Rule 5.2(j)(3), seeks to provide investment results that... trading of WisdomTree Dreyfus Commodity Currency Fund); 64935 (July 20, 2011), 76 FR 44966 (July 27, 2011...

  7. 78 FR 34681 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-10

    ... of strategy executions, royalty fees and Firm trades executed via a joint back office agreement. The... Change Amending the NYSE Arca Options Fee Schedule to Change the Monthly Fees for Option Trading Permits and Raise the Fee Cap that Applies to Certain Firm and Broker Dealer Open Outcry Executions June 4...

  8. 78 FR 46643 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    ... cleared in the customer range for open outcry executions, exclusive of strategy executions, royalty fees... outcry executions, exclusive of strategy executions, royalty fees and Firm trades executed via a JBO... Change Amending the NYSE Arca Options Fee Schedule With Respect to Cap on Fees for Firm and Broker Dealer...

  9. 77 FR 45401 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-31

    ... change. All such Regulatory Bulletins will contain information regarding changes to the risk settings in...-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a Proposed Rule... Applicable to the Market Maker Risk Limitation Mechanism Will Be Between One and 100 Executions per Second...

  10. 77 FR 74707 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-17

    ... the Pring Turner Business Cycle ETF Under NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.600 December 11, 2012. On October... Pring Turner Business Cycle ETF (``Fund''). The proposed rule change was published for comment in the... proprietary business cycle research, the Sub-Adviser proactively will change the Fund's asset allocation and...

  11. 77 FR 17539 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-26

    ... ounce of gold and, along with other alloys, uses the durable 22-karat standard (0.9167 fine gold or... of the APMEX Physical--1 oz. Gold Redeemable Trust Pursuant to NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.201 March 20... proposes to list and trade shares of the APMEX Physical--1 oz. Gold Redeemable Trust (the ``Trust...

  12. 77 FR 6613 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-08

    ...) incorporates the concepts currently set forth in NYSE Arca Equities Rule 5.2(b)(1)(B). Consistent with current... impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system. \\8\\ 15 U.S.C...) impose any significant burden on competition; and (iii) become operative prior to 30 days from the date...

  13. 77 FR 1766 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-11

    ... (primary and secondary data center) of any logical port other than a Multicast PITCH Spin Server Port or... PITCH Spin Server Ports and GRP ports relate to market data dissemination while the proposed port fee... Change Amending the NYSE Arca Equities Fee Schedule Changing the Monthly Fees for the Use of Ports That...

  14. 78 FR 11238 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-15

    ... such as flows, market technical trends, and government policies. With respect to fixed income investing... PIMCO Foreign Currency Strategy Exchange-Traded Fund Under NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.600 February 8... and trade shares (``Shares'') of the PIMCO Foreign Currency Strategy Exchange-Traded Fund (``Fund...

  15. 78 FR 68128 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; NYSE MKT LLC; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-13

    ... definition of ``emergency'' as that found in Section 12(k)(7) of the Act. Section 12(k)(7) defines an... NYSE so that the NYSE, as a self-regulatory organization (``SRO''), can remain operational. In essence... become a defined term under the amended rule-- shall include the authority to designate NYSE Arca to...

  16. 77 FR 73500 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-10

    ... sufficiently broad-based to deter potential manipulation in that the Reference Indices stocks are among the... option eligible securities in the relevant Reference Index that meet, among others, stock and option... Component Stocks.\\9\\ Specifically, Commentary .01(a)(A) to NYSE Arca Equities Rule 5.2(j)(3) \\10\\ sets forth...

  17. 76 FR 62118 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-06

    ... Rule 6.96(b)(2) To Make Permanent the Pilot Program That Permits the Exchange To Accept Inbound Orders Routed by Archipelago Securities LLC in Its Capacity as a Facility of Affiliated Exchanges and To Clarify... program that permits the Exchange to accept inbound orders routed by Archipelago Securities LLC (``Arca...

  18. 76 FR 62119 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-06

    ... Rule 7.45(c)(2) To Make Permanent the Pilot Program That Permits the Exchange To Accept Inbound Orders Routed by Archipelago Securities LLC in Its Capacity as a Facility of Affiliated Exchanges and To Clarify... program that permits the Exchange to accept inbound orders routed by Archipelago Securities LLC (``Arca...

  19. 78 FR 65963 - Foreign-Trade Zone 277-Western Maricopa County, Arizona; Schoeller Arca Systems, Inc. (Plastic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-04

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Foreign-Trade Zones Board [B-64-2013] Foreign-Trade Zone 277--Western Maricopa County, Arizona; Schoeller Arca Systems, Inc. (Plastic Containers Production); Goodyear, Arizona On June 13, 2013, the Greater Maricopa Foreign Trade Zone, Inc., grantee of FTZ 277, submitted a...

  20. 77 FR 25218 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-27

    ... of a company's competitive position and target market potential also will influence portfolio... Huntington US Equity Rotation Strategy ETF and Huntington EcoLogical Strategy ETF Under NYSE Arca Equities...''): Huntington US Equity Rotation Strategy ETF and Huntington EcoLogical Strategy ETF. The text of the proposed...

  1. 75 FR 25013 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-06

    ...-Point Passive Liquidity Order (``MPL Order''). The text of the proposed rule change is available on the...-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change Amending Its Mid- Point Passive Liquidity Order April 29, 2010. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) \\1...

  2. 78 FR 50459 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    ...-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule... Provide for a 40 Gigabit Liquidity Center Network Connection August 13, 2013. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) \\1\\ of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the ``Act'') \\2\\ and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,\\3\\ notice is...

  3. 75 FR 8164 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-23

    ... long-term investment horizons. The Fund's investment objective is non- fundamental and may be changed... December 15, 2005. The Trust is registered with the Commission as an investment company.\\5\\ \\3\\ NYSE Arca... an investment company registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (15 U.S.C. 80a) (``1940 Act...

  4. 77 FR 38879 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-29

    ... marketable non-displayed interest, the Market Maker would be required to re-enter a quotation for purposes of...-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change Adding New... Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (``Act'') \\1\\ and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,\\2\\ a proposed rule change to add new...

  5. 77 FR 74247 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing And Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-13

    ... Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange proposes to amend NYSE Arca... priority in purchasing (selling) up to the equivalent number of option contracts of the same series that... purchasing (selling) up to the equivalent number of option contracts of the same series that he/she purchased...

  6. 76 FR 4968 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-27

    ...-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change Relating to Listing and Trading Shares of the AdvisorShares Active Bear ETF January 19, 2011. I. Introduction On... of the security or investment in the portfolio. \\14\\ Under accounting procedures followed by the Fund...

  7. 76 FR 39960 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-07

    ...-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule... Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the ``Act''). Upon effectiveness of a plan filed pursuant to Rule 17d-2...(a) through 9.25, which concern advertising and sales literature, would be deleted and the text of...

  8. 76 FR 805 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-06

    ... Trading Shares of the SPDR Nuveen S&P High Yield Municipal Bond ETF December 30, 2010. Pursuant to Section... Change The Exchange proposes to list and trade shares of the SPDR Nuveen S&P High Yield Municipal Bond ETF under NYSE Arca Equities Rule 5.2(j)(3), Commentary .02. The text of the proposed rule change is...

  9. 78 FR 68116 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-13

    ... Liquidity Program November 6, 2013. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) \\1\\ of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934... to establish a Retail Liquidity Program (``Program'' or ``proposed rule change'') to attract... new NYSE Arca Equities Rule 7.44 to establish a Retail Liquidity Program to attract additional retail...

  10. KM3NeT/ARCA sensitivity and discovery potential for neutrino point-like sources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trovato A.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available KM3NeT is a large research infrastructure with a network of deep-sea neutrino telescopes in the abyss of the Mediterranean Sea. Of these, the KM3NeT/ARCA detector, installed in the KM3NeT-It node of the network, is optimised for studying high-energy neutrinos of cosmic origin. Sensitivities to galactic sources such as the supernova remnant RXJ1713.7-3946 and the pulsar wind nebula Vela X are presented as well as sensitivities to a generic point source with an E−2 spectrum which represents an approximation for the spectrum of extragalactic candidate neutrino sources.

  11. 76 FR 52034 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-19

    ... Shares of ProShares Short VIX Short-Term Futures ETF, ProShares Short VIX Mid-Term Futures ETF, ProShares Ultra VIX Short-Term Futures ETF, ProShares Ultra VIX Mid-Term Futures ETF, ProShares UltraShort VIX Short-Term Futures ETF, and ProShares UltraShort VIX Mid-Term Futures ETF Under NYSE Arca Equities Rule...

  12. ARCAS (ACACIA Regional Climate-data Access System) -- a Web Access System for Climate Model Data Access, Visualization and Comparison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hakkarinen, C.; Brown, D.; Callahan, J.; hankin, S.; de Koningh, M.; Middleton-Link, D.; Wigley, T.

    2001-05-01

    A Web-based access system to climate model output data sets for intercomparison and analysis has been produced, using the NOAA-PMEL developed Live Access Server software as host server and Ferret as the data serving and visualization engine. Called ARCAS ("ACACIA Regional Climate-data Access System"), and publicly accessible at http://dataserver.ucar.edu/arcas, the site currently serves climate model outputs from runs of the NCAR Climate System Model for the 21st century, for Business as Usual and Stabilization of Greenhouse Gas Emission scenarios. Users can select, download, and graphically display single variables or comparisons of two variables from either or both of the CSM model runs, averaged for monthly, seasonal, or annual time resolutions. The time length of the averaging period, and the geographical domain for download and display, are fully selectable by the user. A variety of arithmetic operations on the data variables can be computed "on-the-fly", as defined by the user. Expansions of the user-selectable options for defining analysis options, and for accessing other DOD-compatible ("Distributed Ocean Data System-compatible") data sets, residing at locations other than the NCAR hardware server on which ARCAS operates, are planned for this year. These expansions are designed to allow users quick and easy-to-operate web-based access to the largest possible selection of climate model output data sets available throughout the world.

  13. ARCA : A contextual, strategic, operational and financial analysis of a Business Project for a Food & Beverage/Recreational venue in Lisbon, Portugal.

    OpenAIRE

    Barreira-Silva, Miguel; Forjaz, José Maria

    2015-01-01

    Our thesis consists of developing a Business Plan for our business idea: a food and beverage venue in Lisbon, Portugal. In this theoretical section of our body of work we will be reviewing some of the existing literature on the subject. In order to facilitate the reader’s understanding of our literature review and its structure, it seems logical to introduce it with a brief explanation of what ARCA is about. ARCA is a product of the imagination of four ambitious Lisbon locals in their early t...

  14. The emergence of the Activity Reduces Conflict Associated Strain (ARCAS) model: a test of a conditional mediation model of workplace conflict and employee strain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijkstra, M.T.M.; Beersma, B.; Cornelissen, R.A.W.M.

    2012-01-01

    To test and extend the emerging Activity Reduces Conflict-Associated Strain (ARCAS) model, we predicted that the relationship between task conflict and employee strain would be weakened to the extent that people experience high organization-based self-esteem (OBSE). A survey among Dutch employees

  15. The emergence of the activity reduces conflict related strain (ARCAS) model: A test of a conditional mediation model of workplace conflict and employee strain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijkstra, M.T.M.; Beersma, B.; Cornelissen, R. A. W. M.

    2012-01-01

    To test and extend the emerging Activity Reduces Conflict-Associated Strain (ARCAS) model, we predicted that the relationship between task conflict and employee strain would be weakened to the extent that people experience high organization-based self-esteem (OBSE). A survey among Dutch employees

  16. Comparative analysis of circulating endothelial progenitor cells in age-related macular degeneration patients using automated rare cell analysis (ARCA and fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emil Anthony T Say

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Patients with age-related macular degeneration (ARMD begin with non-neovascular (NNV phenotypes usually associated with good vision. Approximately 20% of NNV-ARMD patients will convert to vision debilitating neovascular (NV ARMD, but precise timing of this event is unknown. Developing a clinical test predicting impending conversion to NV-ARMD is necessary to prevent vision loss. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs, defined as CD34(+VEGR2(+ using traditional fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS, are rare cell populations known to be elevated in patients with NV-ARMD compared to NNV-ARMD. FACS has high inter-observer variability and subjectivity when measuring rare cell populations precluding development into a diagnostic test. We hypothesized that automated rare cell analysis (ARCA, a validated and FDA-approved technology for reproducible rare cell identification, can enumerate EPCs in ARMD patients more reliably. This pilot study serves as the first step in developing methods for reproducibly predicting ARMD phenotype conversion. METHODS: We obtained peripheral venous blood samples in 23 subjects with NNV-ARMD or treatment naïve NV-ARMD. Strict criteria were used to exclude subjects with known angiogenic diseases to minimize confounding results. Blood samples were analyzed in masked fashion in two separate laboratories. EPCs were independently enumerated using ARCA and FACS within 24 hours of blood sample collection, and p<0.2 was considered indicative of a trend for this proof of concept study, while statistical significance was established at 0.05. RESULTS: We measured levels of CD34(+VEGFR2(+ EPCs suggestive of a trend with higher values in patients with NV compared to NNV-ARMD (p = 0.17 using ARCA. Interestingly, CD34(+VEGR2(+ EPC analysis using FACS did not produce similar results (p = 0.94. CONCLUSIONS: CD34(+VEGR2(+ may have predictive value for EPC enumeration in future ARCA studies. EPC measurements in a small sample

  17. Comparative analysis of circulating endothelial progenitor cells in age-related macular degeneration patients using automated rare cell analysis (ARCA) and fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Say, Emil Anthony T; Melamud, Alex; Esserman, Denise Ann; Povsic, Thomas J; Chavala, Sai H

    2013-01-01

    Patients with age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) begin with non-neovascular (NNV) phenotypes usually associated with good vision. Approximately 20% of NNV-ARMD patients will convert to vision debilitating neovascular (NV) ARMD, but precise timing of this event is unknown. Developing a clinical test predicting impending conversion to NV-ARMD is necessary to prevent vision loss. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), defined as CD34(+)VEGR2(+) using traditional fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS), are rare cell populations known to be elevated in patients with NV-ARMD compared to NNV-ARMD. FACS has high inter-observer variability and subjectivity when measuring rare cell populations precluding development into a diagnostic test. We hypothesized that automated rare cell analysis (ARCA), a validated and FDA-approved technology for reproducible rare cell identification, can enumerate EPCs in ARMD patients more reliably. This pilot study serves as the first step in developing methods for reproducibly predicting ARMD phenotype conversion. We obtained peripheral venous blood samples in 23 subjects with NNV-ARMD or treatment naïve NV-ARMD. Strict criteria were used to exclude subjects with known angiogenic diseases to minimize confounding results. Blood samples were analyzed in masked fashion in two separate laboratories. EPCs were independently enumerated using ARCA and FACS within 24 hours of blood sample collection, and ptrend for this proof of concept study, while statistical significance was established at 0.05. We measured levels of CD34(+)VEGFR2(+) EPCs suggestive of a trend with higher values in patients with NV compared to NNV-ARMD (p = 0.17) using ARCA. Interestingly, CD34(+)VEGR2(+) EPC analysis using FACS did not produce similar results (p = 0.94). CD34(+)VEGR2(+) may have predictive value for EPC enumeration in future ARCA studies. EPC measurements in a small sample size were suggestive of a trend in ARMD using ARCA but not FACS. ARCA could be a

  18. A New in Vitro Anti-Tumor Polypeptide Isolated from Arca inflata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian Xu

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A new in vitro anti-tumor polypeptide, coded as J2-C3, was isolated from Arca inflata Reeve and purified by diethyl-aminoethanol (DEAE-sepharose Fast Flow anion exchange and phenyl sepharose CL-4B hydrophobic chromatography. J2-C3 was identified to be a homogeneous compound by native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (Native-PAGE. The purity of J2-C3 was over 99% in reversed phase-high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC. The molecular weight was determined as 20,538.0 Da by electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS. J2-C3 was rich in Glx (Gln + Glu, Lys, and Asx (Asp + Asn according to amino acid analysis. Four partial amino acid sequences of this peptide were determined as L/ISMEDVEESR, KNGMHSI/LDVNHDGR, AMKI/LI/LNPKKGI/LVPR and AMGAHKPPKGNEL/IGHR via MALDI-TOF/TOF-MS and de novo sequencing. Secondary structural analysis by CD spectroscopy revealed that J2-C3 had the α-helix (45.2%, β-sheet (2.9%, β-turn (26.0% and random coil (25.9%. The anti-tumor effect of J2-C3 against human tumor cells was measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT assay, and the IC50 values of J2-C3 were 65.57, 93.33 and 122.95 µg/mL against A549, HT-29 and HepG2 cell lines, respectively. Therefore, J2-C3 might be developed as a potential anti-tumor agent.

  19. The emergence of the Activity Reduces Conflict Associated Strain (ARCAS) model: a test of a conditional mediation model of workplace conflict and employee strain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dijkstra, Maria T M; Beersma, Bianca; Cornelissen, Roosmarijn A W M

    2012-07-01

    To test and extend the emerging Activity Reduces Conflict-Associated Strain (ARCAS) model, we predicted that the relationship between task conflict and employee strain would be weakened to the extent that people experience high organization-based self-esteem (OBSE). A survey among Dutch employees demonstrated that, consistent with the model, the conflict-employee strain relationship was weaker the higher employees' OBSE and the more they engaged in active problem-solving conflict management. Our data also revealed that higher levels of OBSE were related to more problem-solving conflict management. Moreover, consistent with the ARCAS model, we could confirm a conditional mediation model in which organization-based self-esteem through its relationship with problem-solving conflict management weakened the relationship between task conflict and employee strain. Potential applications of the results are discussed.

  20. Ballast water as a vector of coral pathogens in the Gulf of Mexico: the case of the Cayo Arcas coral reef.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguirre-Macedo, M Leopoldina; Vidal-Martinez, Victor M; Herrera-Silveira, Jorge A; Valdés-Lozano, David S; Herrera-Rodríguez, Miguel; Olvera-Novoa, Miguel A

    2008-09-01

    The discharge of nutrients, phytoplankton and pathogenic bacteria through ballast water may threaten the Cayo Arcas reef system. To assess this threat, the quality of ballast water and presence of coral reef pathogenic bacteria in 30 oil tankers loaded at the PEMEX Cayo Arcas crude oil terminal were determined. The water transported in the ships originated from coastal, oceanic or riverine regions. Statistical associations among quality parameters and bacteria were tested using redundancy analysis (RDA). In contrast with coastal or oceanic water, the riverine water had high concentrations of coliforms, including Vibrio cholerae 01 and, Serratia marcescens and Sphingomona spp., which are frequently associated with "white pox" and "white plague type II" coral diseases. There were also high nutrient concentrations and low water quality index values (WQI and TRIX). The presence of V. cholerae 01 highlights the need for testing ballast water coming from endemic regions into Mexican ports.

  1. EC-FP7 ARCAS: technical and economical comparison of Fast Reactors and Accelerator Driven Systems for transmutation of Minor Actinides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Van den Eynde, G.; Romanello, V.; Heek, A. van; Martin-Fuertes, F.; Zimmerman, C.; Lewin, B.

    2015-01-01

    The ARCAS project aims to compare, on a technological and economical basis, Accelerator Driven Systems and Fast Reactors as Minor Actinide burners. It is split in five work packages: the reference scenario definition, the fast reactor system definition, the accelerator driven system definition, the fuel reprocessing and fabrication facilities definition and the economical comparison. This paper summarizes the status of the project and its five work packages. (author)

  2. Design of a simple Gerdien condenser for ionospheric D-region charged particle density and mobility measurements. [for Arcas rocket sounding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrokh, H.

    1975-01-01

    The theory of a Gerdien condenser operating in a collision controlled medium is reviewed. Design and electronics of a Gerdien condenser probe suitable for flying on the Arcas rocket is presented. Aerodynamics properties of the instrument in continuous flow are discussed. The method of data reduction and experimental results of one successful flight at White Sands Missile Range (WSMR), New Mexico, on 11 January 1974 are reported. This investigation shows positive ions in two relatively distinct mobility groups between 47 and 65 km and a more continuous distribution of mobilities between 38 and 47 km.

  3. Impact of global transcriptional regulation by ArcA, ArcB, Cra, Crp, Cya, Fnr, and Mlc on glucose catabolism in Escherichia coli.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perrenoud, Annik; Sauer, Uwe

    2005-05-01

    Even though transcriptional regulation plays a key role in establishing the metabolic network, the extent to which it actually controls the in vivo distribution of metabolic fluxes through different pathways is essentially unknown. Based on metabolism-wide quantification of intracellular fluxes, we systematically elucidated the relevance of global transcriptional regulation by ArcA, ArcB, Cra, Crp, Cya, Fnr, and Mlc for aerobic glucose catabolism in batch cultures of Escherichia coli. Knockouts of ArcB, Cra, Fnr, and Mlc were phenotypically silent, while deletion of the catabolite repression regulators Crp and Cya resulted in a pronounced slow-growth phenotype but had only a nonspecific effect on the actual flux distribution. Knockout of ArcA-dependent redox regulation, however, increased the aerobic tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle activity by over 60%. Like aerobic conditions, anaerobic derepression of TCA cycle enzymes in an ArcA mutant significantly increased the in vivo TCA flux when nitrate was present as an electron acceptor. The in vivo and in vitro data demonstrate that ArcA-dependent transcriptional regulation directly or indirectly controls TCA cycle flux in both aerobic and anaerobic glucose batch cultures of E. coli. This control goes well beyond the previously known ArcA-dependent regulation of the TCA cycle during microaerobiosis.

  4. Biochemical and fatty acid composition of Arca noae (Bivalvia: Arcidae from the Mali Ston Bay, Adriatic Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. DUPCIC RADIC

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Biochemical and fatty acid composition of the bivalve Arca noae were investigated in the Mali Ston Bay in relation to environmental conditions. Sampling was carried out monthly, from December 2001 to November 2002. Wet shellfish meat consists on average of 77.61% water and 22.39% dry matter, while dry shellfish meat consists on average of 89.04% organic and 10.96% inorganic matter. PCA analysis identified temperature, nitrate, silicate, MICRO, Chl a and salinity as the most important environmental factors influencing biochemical composition of A. noae. An increase of dry weight content of A. noae was observed during the spring when both the sea temperature and food supply increased rapidly. Contents of protein (54.39-62.06% of dry weight, carbohydrate (4.13-8.07% of dry weight and lipid (3.46-8.58% of dry weight varied significantly during the year. Protein and lipid level reached the maximum value in June. The fatty acid profiles of total lipids extracted from A. noae showed high level of unsaturation (UNS/SAT 1.9-3.4. Total polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA represented the majority of total fatty acids (40.3-59.9% of total fatty acids and the most abundant were eicosapentaenoic (20:5n-3 and docosahexaenoic (22:6n-3 acid. n-3/n-6 PUFA ratio value varied between 2.1 and 5.0 and was the highest during the spring (April to June. Due to their low lipid and high percentages of healthy polyunsaturated fatty acids A. noae can be evaluated as a quality seafood product. The most suitable period of the year for its consumption is in the spring when it reaches its highest nutritional values.

  5. Plan de intervención para disminuir el estrés por sobrecarga laboral, en el área de capital humano de la Empresa Arca Continental, en el periodo de marzo – agosto 2016.

    OpenAIRE

    Tufiño Romo, Gissela Carolina

    2017-01-01

    The fundamental objective of this investigation is analyze the evaluation of the conduct of psychosocial risk stress generated by work overload, in the area of human capital of ARCA Continental S.A. company; in this way we propose measures that will enable us to control and minimize the presence of stress at work, therefore we can be able to preserve an environment or pleasant working climate within the organization. In this investigation we analyze the presence of the ps...

  6. [Reproductive effort, fattening index and yield of Arca zebra (Filibranchia: Arcidae) by length and its association with environmental variables, Sucre, Venezuela].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lista, María; Velásquez, Carlos; Prieto, Antulio; Longart, Yelipza

    2016-06-01

    Arca zebra is a mollusk of commercial value and a major socioeconomic fishery in Northeastern Venezuela. The present study aimed to evaluate the reproductive effort (RE), fattening index (FI) and yield (Y) in different size groups of A. zebra from the morro Chacopata, Venezuela. For this, monthly samplings from June 2008 and June 2009, were undertaken, and the bivalves obtained were distributed in three length groups: I (30.1 to 50.0 mm), II (50.1 to 70.0 mm) and III (> 70.0 mm). Monthly RE, FI and Y were determined based on bivalve changes in volume of fresh meat (VFM), intervalvar volume (IV), dry gonad biomass (DW), dry biomass of the organism without gonad (DWs), fresh biomass of meat (FBM) and total biomass including shell (TBIS). Besides, environmental variables such as temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen, total organic and inorganic seston and chlorophyll a were measured monthly. There was great variation in the DW between length groups (relevant for II and III): increased from June until late September 2008, was followed by a marked decrease in October 2008, recovered in the following months, and decreased in January 2009, with a slight increase until May 2009; these changes were associated with variations in sea temperature. The weight of the gonad (DW) influenced the RE, FI and Y, as these reached their peaks in the months where there was higher gonadal production, indicating the influence of temperature on A. zebra reproduction.

  7. Assesment of trace elements and organic pollutants from a marine oil complex into the coral reef system of Cayo Arcas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cram, Silke; Ponce De León, Claudia A; Fernández, Pilar; Sommer, Irene; Rivas, Hilda; Morales, Luis Miguel

    2006-10-01

    Possible contaminants produced by the Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) marine oil complex in the vicinity of the Cayo Arcas (Mexico) coral reef ecosystem were evaluated by analyzing sediments and sea water for hydrocarbons and metal elements. We found that the concentrations of aliphatic hydrocarbons in the sea water were generally low, with the highest values detected near the oil station; the concentration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was generally below the detection limit. The hydrocarbons found in the sediments seem to have a pyrogenic origin, and were probably produced by marine traffic in the study area. The total PAH concentration did not exceed the NOAA criteria, although levels of some individual PAHs did. The only metal detected in the sea water at high concentrations was nickel. The Ni/V ratio in the sediments indicates the contribution of crude oil to the system. The high content of Ni and Zn was attributed to the ballast waters from the oil tankers that load at the station's monobuoys. The presence of fine sediments that commonly originate from terrestrial ecosystems supported this assumption.

  8. El back office de capital humano y su impacto en la optimización de procesos y generación de ahorros en costos de servicios en Arca Continental, sucursal Salta, durante el segundo semestre del año 2016

    OpenAIRE

    Giménez Perri, Solana

    2017-01-01

    248 p. il. El tema de la presente investigación fue el back office de capital humano y su impacto en la optimización de procesos y generación de ahorros en costos de servicios en Arca Continental, sucursal Salta, durante el segundo semestre del año 2016. Se trata de un estudio de tipo descriptivo que buscó establecer asociaciones entre tres dimensiones de análisis: back office de capital humano, optimización de procesos y generación de ahorros. En el trabajo de campo se entrevistó a inf...

  9. Os sertões: atualidade e arcaísmo na representação cultural de um conflito brasileiro Os sertões: present time and archaism in the cultural representation of a Brazilian conflict

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Venancio Filho

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available Este texto busca contrapor os aspectos antagônicos da revolta de Canudos tal como percebido por Euclides da Cunha em Os sertões. A revolta revelava tragicamente a permanência de um arcaísmo irresolvido. O horror da guerra, o confronto entre a ‘civilização’ e a ‘barbárie’ ainda se manifestam cem anos depois do conflito. O mesmo confronto que a literatura já pressentia e descrevia. Aquele que, no plano não menos verdadeiro da ficção, também se revela no romance O coração das trevas, de Joseph Conrad, publicado em 1902, o mesmo ano da publicação de Os sertões.The article examines antagonistic aspects of the battle of Canudos as portrayed by Euclides da Cunha in Os sertões. In tragic fashion, the rebellion made it apparent that an archaism had not been resolved. The horror of war, the conflict between civilization and barbarism, is still with us one hundred years later - the same conflict that literature foresaw and described. In the realm of fiction (yet no less truthful, this conflict was also portrayed in Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness, published in 1902, the same year as Os sertões.

  10. El arca de la libertad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee Anthony Wardlaw

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo es una síntesis de diversos autores comprometidos con una corriente de pensamiento que sostiene teóricamente la posición hegemónica de una estructura socio económica determinada. Afirma que los comunicadores no son solo transmisores de noticias sino formadores de opinión

  11. Entre o sentido da colonização e o arcaísmo como projeto: a superação de um dilema através do conceito de capital escravista-mercantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Paulo A. de Souza

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, discute-se a proposta de Pires e Costa (1995, 2000 segundo a qual a economia brasileira no período escravista teria estado sujeita a uma forma específica do capital: o capital escravista-mercantil. Ela permite a superação da dicotomia entre o modelo interpretativo do Sentido da Colonização, proposto originalmente por Caio Prado Júnior, e o modelo do Arcaísmo como Projeto, proposto por Fragoso e Florentino (2001. O primeiro, por retratar a sociedade colonial como uma projeção imediata da expansão comercial européia, tem enfrentado dificuldades em acomodar as recentes evidências empíricas de que a economia colonial podia apresentar uma relativa autonomia, realizando acumulação endógena. O segundo, ao tentar de forma explícita acomodar essas evidências, acaba recusando a existência de um sentido da colonização tal como originalmente formulado. Para explicitar como o modelo do capital escravista-mercantil supera esse dilema, apresentamos uma analogia com o desenvolvimento da teoria do valor de Marx em O Capital.This paper discusses Pires and Costa's (1995, 2000 claim that the Brazilian economy during the slavery period functioned under the direction of a specific form of capital, called mercantile slavery capital. Their proposal allows us to overcome a dichotomy between the traditional interpretive model of the Meaning of Colonization, originally proposed by Caio Prado Júnior in the 1940's, and the new model of Archaism as a Project, proposed by Fragoso and Florentino (2001. The former, by depicting the Brazilian colonial society as an immediate result of the European commercial expansion, has had difficulties in explaining recent empirical evidence that the colonial economy was relatively autonomous, being able to carry out endogenous capital accumulation. The latter, however, in trying to explicitly accommodate this evidence turns out to reject the original formulation of the Meaning of Colonization as a

  12. Autonomous Reconfigurable Control Allocation (ARCA) for Reusable Launch Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodel, A. S.; Callahan, Ronnie; Jackson, Scott (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    The role of control allocation (CA) in modern aerospace vehicles is to compute a command vector delta(sub c) is a member of IR(sup n(sub a)) that corresponding to commanded or desired body-frame torques (moments) tou(sub c) = [L M N](sup T) to the vehicle, compensating for and/or responding to inaccuracies in off-line nominal control allocation calculations, actuator failures and/or degradations (reduced effectiveness), or actuator limitations (rate/position saturation). The command vector delta(sub c) may govern the behavior of, e.g., acrosurfaces, reaction thrusters, engine gimbals and/or thrust vectoring. Typically, the individual moments generated in response to each of the n(sub a) commands does not lie strictly in the roll, pitch, or yaw axes, and so a common practice is to group or gang actuators so that a one-to-one mapping from torque commands tau(sub c) actuator commands delta(sub c) may be achieved in an off-line computed CA function.

  13. ARCA DWARAPALA PADA CANDI-CANDI BUDDHA DI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Wahyu Sarjanawati

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Temple as a product of the culture of Hindu-Buddhist period is the building that describes the concept of cosmogony and a replica of Mount Mahameru the place of the gods. Dwarapala statue is one of the guards in almost Javanese temple. The existence of this statue in the temple (depiction microcosm has a meaning. Problems which will be solved, namely: (1 where the statue Dwarapala placed in the temple Plaosan and the temple Sewu (2 how is the depiction of Dwarapala statues in the temple Palosan and the temple Sewu? Gana figure that became the object of the study were analyzed with hermeneutical analysis. Hermeneutical analysis of the statue Dwarapala can only be done if the information about these statues is known. From the results of research and discussion can be seen that the meaning of the statue at Buddhist temple Dwarapala not be separated from the concept of cosmogony. Portrayal system was adapted to the function of these statues at the temple. So it can be said that the statues have meaning that Dwarapala is a portrayal of religious situation in the Hindu-Buddhist and the symbol of the world above (heaven. The placement of temple statues Dwarapala complement cosmogony concept representations, thus building meaning of worship into a whole. Keywords:  Dwarapala, temple, hermeneutic   Candi sebagai produk dari budaya masa Hindu-Buddha adalah bangunan yang menggambarkan konsep kosmogoni dan replika Gunung Mahameru tempat para dewa. Patung Dwarapala adalah salah satu penjaga di kuil hampir Jawa. Keberadaan patung ini di candi (mikrokosmos penggambaran memiliki arti. Masalah yang akan dipecahkan, yaitu: (1 bagaimana patung Dwarapala ditempatkan di candi Plaosan dan candi Sewu (2 bagaimana penggambaran patung Dwarapala di candi Palosan dan candi Sewu? Gana sosok yang menjadi objek penelitian dianalisis dengan analisis hermeneutis. Analisis hermeneutis patung Dwarapala hanya dapat dilakukan jika informasi tentang patung-patung ini dikenal. Dari hasil penelitian dan pembahasan dapat dilihat bahwa arti dari patung pada candi Budha Dwarapala tidak lepas dari konsep kosmogoni. Penggambaran sistem adalah disesuaikan dengan fungsi dari patung-patung di candi. Jadi dapat dikatakan bahwa patung-patung memiliki makna bahwa Dwarapala adalah gambaran situasi agama di Hindu-Buddha dan simbol dunia atas (surga. Penempatan patung Dwarapala candi melengkapi representasi konsep kosmogoni, demikian membangun makna ibadah menjadi keseluruhan.   Kata kunci: Dwarapala, candi, hermeneutik  

  14. Noahs Ark of the seeds; El Arca de Noe de las semillas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tristan, R. M.

    2015-07-01

    The so-called 'vault of the end of the world', located in the archipelago Arctic Svalbard, brings together more than 860,000 samples seeds from around the world. The purpose of your existence -like the of thousands of other banks of its kind in all the planet - is to preserve the genetic diversity of crops, most of them are now disappearing. An international treaty approved by the United Nations, and in force since 2004, allowed the construction of this 'Sanctuary' where more than one hundred countries maintain their own banks of seeds, freezing them to 18 degrees below zero to lower its biological activity. (Author)

  15. KM3MeT 2.0 Letter of intent for ARCA and ORCA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Adrián-Martínez, S.; van Haren, H.; KM3NeT Collaboration

    2016-01-01

    S Adrián-Martínez, M Ageron, F Aharonian, S Aiello, A Albert, F Ameli, E Anassontzis, M Andre, G Androulakis, M Anghinolfi, G Anton, M Ardid, T Avgitas, G Barbarino, E Barbarito, B Baret, J Barrios-Martí, B Belhorma, A Belias, E Berbee, A van den Berg, V Bertin, S Beurthey, V van Beveren, N

  16. 'Noye’s Fludde': l’arca come officina di musica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Macchia

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Con Noye’s Fludde op. 59 (1957-’58 Benjamin Britten traccia una svolta definitiva nella storia della letteratura musicale per voci bianche. Il soggetto corrisponde all’evento biblico del diluvio universale, ma la fonte principale del compositore inglese, piuttosto che il libro della Genesi, è l’English Miracle Plays, Moralities and Interludes (Clarendon Press, Oxford 1898, ovvero i Chester Miracle Plays: una raccolta di venticinque Misteri degli inizi del XV secolo. Si tratta di sacre rappresentazioni che sviluppano soggetti del Vecchio e del Nuovo Testamento, in passato realizzate dalle corporazioni dei mestieri e portate in giro per le strade su carri trainati da buoi, i cosiddetti “pageant”. Il diluvio di Noè era tradizionalmente appannaggio degli acquaioli. Il percorso didattico, rivolto a una delle tre classi della scuola secondaria di primo grado, verte sull’analisi del testo e del corrispondente adattamento musicale di alcuni numeri di Noye’s Fludde per mettere in grado lo studente di decifrarvi il messaggio religioso intrinseco. 

  17. En el arca de Arreola, carne y palabra se buscan (sobre su Bestiario de 1958

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Gramusset

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo es un análisis del compendio “zoológico” presente en Bestiario de Juan José Arreola. El acercamiento al universo imaginario de Arreola se aborda en primer lugar a través de la puesta en diálogo del Bestiario con el Physiologos, texto embrionario de los bestiarios de la tradición occidental y en segundo lugar a través de un análisis de texto. En esencia se pretende subrayar el modo en que los animales del bestiario (a través de su lexicalización se encarnan en representaciones imaginarias, vinculadas éstas con los tiempos primordiales. Para tal fin estudiamos tres paradigmas clasificatorios de la carne animal que denominamos: tierra, aire, agua. Dicha clasificación pretende dar cuenta de la significación espiritual de la palabra en el libro de Arreola y a la vez reflejar la manera en que los animales del bestiario simbolizan la carne humana, hecha posible a través del lenguaje poético.

  18. 75 FR 13616 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Accelerated Approval of Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-22

    ... commodities and commodity strategies. While the Fund intends to invest up to 70% or more of the value of its... or sold to other investors. \\11\\ The Fund intends to maintain the level of diversification necessary..., strategies, policies, and restrictions, risks, fees and expenses, creation and redemption procedures...

  19. 77 FR 48181 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Instituting Proceedings To Determine...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-13

    ... and trading of commodity-based trust shares. BlackRock Asset Management International Inc. is the... (3) held as strategic reserves by the governments of China and South Korea.\\33\\ \\30\\ July 18 V&F... Shanghai) or of an unacceptable brand or quality. See id. at 5-6. 2. Impact on Copper Prices According to V...

  20. Study on the percent of frequency of ACME-Arca in clinical isolates ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ACME is a mobile element of Arginine catabolic in Staphylococcus epidermidis that codes specific virulence factors. The purpose of this study was to examine the specific features and prevalence of ACME-arcA in the isolates of Staphylococcus epidermidis resistant to Methicillin isolated by clinical samples in Isfahan.

  1. 75 FR 168 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-04

    ... lower the minimum component stock weight requirement from 90% to 70% of the weight of the underlying... component stock trading volumes are determined on a global basis. Finally, as an option for meeting the... minimize potential manipulation. The Commission also believes that the proposed use of minimum notional...

  2. 77 FR 43620 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Instituting Proceedings to Determine...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-25

    ... immediate delivery would make the physical copper market more susceptible to manipulation.\\25\\ \\22\\ See... physical copper stocks include copper that is subject to long-term contracts, and is generally held in the normal course by producers and consumers as buffer stocks to ensure smooth running of their logistics and...

  3. 78 FR 4919 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Instituting Proceedings To Determine...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-23

    ... instruments as part of a temporary defensive strategy to protect against potential stock market declines. The... it has sold accordingly. Secondary Investment Strategies The Fund may invest its remaining assets in... necessarily appropriate for investors who seek to avoid or minimize their exposure to stock market volatility...

  4. 75 FR 20028 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Accelerated Approval of Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-16

    ... units on the Exchange.\\4\\ USBO, a Delaware limited partnership, is a commodity pool that is managed and... Partner is a single member limited liability company that was formed in Delaware on May 10, 2005 and is...\\ and with the requirements of Rule 10A-3 under the Act \\6\\ as it applies to limited partnerships. \\4...

  5. 77 FR 60735 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; International Securities Exchange, LLC; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-04

    ... Gold Trust (``GLD''), Google Inc. (``GOOG''), and Amazon.com , Inc. (``AMZN'').\\12\\ According to the... with the underlying securities, are highly liquid and have well-established trading histories. The...

  6. 75 FR 4124 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Accelerated Approval of Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-26

    ... sub-adviser. The Bank of New York Mellon Corporation is the administrator, Fund accountant, transfer..., portfolio holdings and policies, distributions and taxes, availability of information, trading rules and...

  7. 78 FR 48522 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ... systems and would reduce the systemic and administrative burdens on market participants by avoiding the... Arca rules rather than having the Exchange enforce NYSE Arca rules. In sum, the Exchange believes that...

  8. Seasonal Dynamics of Stress Proteins in Leaves of Medicinal Plants in a Natural Environment of Irkutsk and on the Shores of the Lake Baikal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.A. Zhivetiev

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available We study leafs of five plant species, growing in Irkutsk city and on the southeastern shore of Lake Baikal. These species are Achillea asiatica Serg., Taraxacum officinale Wigg., Plantago major L., Veronica chamaedrys L. and Alchemilla subcrenata Buser. In its leafs we identify some types of stress-induced proteins. In autumn, the accumulation of stress proteins in leafs of plants both from shores of Lake Baikal and from Irkutsk have been registered.

  9. 75 FR 77681 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing Relating to Listing and Trading...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-13

    ... market price and trading volume of the Shares is and will be continually available on a real-time basis... quality of earnings; reserve reversals or an increase in ``soft'' assets which could indicate the... with respect to the broad market. The Fund, from time to time, in the ordinary course of business, may...

  10. 78 FR 56764 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-13

    ...Shares QAM Equity Hedge ETF September 9, 2013. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) \\1\\ of the Securities...Shares QAM Equity Hedge ETF (``Fund''). The Fund is currently listed and traded on the Exchange under... listing and trading on the Exchange of shares (``Shares'') of the AdvisorShares QAM Equity Hedge ETF, a...

  11. 76 FR 60957 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of a Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-30

    ... Change to the Benchmark Index Applicable to the Russell Equity ETF September 26, 2011. I. Introduction On... applicable to the Russell Equity ETF (``Fund,'' formerly known as the ``One Fund''). The proposed rule change... ETF, and the name of U.S. One Trust was changed to Russell Exchange Traded Funds Trust (``Trust...

  12. 77 FR 24233 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-23

    ... Change Relating to the Peritus High Yield ETF April 17, 2012. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the... Change The Exchange proposes to reflect a change to the holdings of the Peritus High Yield ETF to achieve... Exchange shares (``Shares'') of the Peritus High Yield ETF (``Fund'') under [[Page 24234

  13. 77 FR 36599 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-19

    ... Change Relating to the Accuvest Global Long Short ETF (Formerly the Mars Hill Global Relative Value ETF...) applicable to, the Accuvest Global Long Short ETF (``Fund'') (formerly known as the Mars Hill Global Relative Value ETF). The text of the proposed rule change is available on the Exchange's Web site at www.nyse.com...

  14. 77 FR 42034 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-17

    ... Change Relating to the AdvisorShares Active Bear ETF July 11, 2012. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) \\1\\ of... the investment objective applicable to the AdvisorShares Active Bear ETF (the ``Fund''). The text of... (``Shares'') of the AdvisorShares Active Bear ETF, a series of AdvisorShares Trust (the ``Trust''),\\4\\ under...

  15. 77 FR 23303 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-18

    ... of information barriers when running automated surveillance patterns designed to identify... Commission's Web site at www.sec.gov . II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and... ``false positives'' that are identified through automated surveillance patterns by permitting FINRA to...

  16. 78 FR 62745 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To Amend...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ... modifiers. Given the ever complex nature of equities trading, the Exchange has undertaken a comprehensive... been adopted and amended over the years, accurately describe the functionality associated with those... executed at the National Best Bid or Offer (``NBBO''). Therefore, Market Orders will not trade through the...

  17. 76 FR 20401 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-12

    ... Reports, and Form N-CSR, and Form N-SAR, filed twice a year. The Trust's SAI and Shareholder Reports are available free upon request from the Trust, and those documents and the Form N-CSR and Form N-SAR may be... competition among market participants, to the benefit of investors and the marketplace. The Funds primarily...

  18. 77 FR 31899 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-30

    ... Funds' Shareholder Reports, and the Trust's Form N-CSR and Form N-SAR, filed twice a year. The Trust's... the Form N-CSR and Form N-SAR may be viewed on-screen or downloaded from the Commission's Web site at...-managed exchange-traded products that will enhance competition among market participants, to the benefit...

  19. 77 FR 52083 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-28

    ...- CSR and Form N-SAR, filed twice a year. The Trust's SAI and Shareholder Reports are available free upon request from the Trust, and those documents and the Form N-CSR and Form N-SAR may be viewed on... competition among market participants, to the benefit of investors and the marketplace. As noted above, the...

  20. 76 FR 79741 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ... Statement of Additional Information (``SAI''), the Fund's Shareholder Reports, and its Form N- CSR and Form... from the Trust, and those documents and the Form N-CSR and Form N-SAR may be viewed on-screen or... will enhance competition among market participants, to the benefit of investors and the marketplace. As...

  1. 77 FR 9281 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-16

    ... Information (``SAI''), the Fund's Shareholder Reports, and its Form N- CSR and Form N-SAR, filed twice a year... documents and the Form N-CSR and Form N-SAR may be viewed on-screen or downloaded from the Commission's Web... exchange-traded product that will enhance competition among market participants, to the benefit of...

  2. 75 FR 81692 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-28

    ... Additional Information (``SAI''), the ETF's Shareholder Reports, and its Form N- CSR and Form N-SAR, filed..., and those documents and the Form N-CSR and Form N-SAR may be viewed on-screen or downloaded from the... benefit of investors and the marketplace. In addition, the listing and trading criteria set forth in NYSE...

  3. 78 FR 32503 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-30

    ... Subsidiary, will attempt to capture the economic benefit derived from rising and declining trends based on... security or instrument. The Fund, through the Subsidiary, will benefit if it has a long position in a... Information (``SAI''), the Fund's Shareholder Reports, and the Trust's Form N-CSR and Form N-SAR, filed twice...

  4. 75 FR 47045 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change by NYSE Arca, Inc...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-04

    ...''), the Fund's Shareholder Reports, and its Form N- CSR and Form N-SAR, filed twice a year. The Trust's... the Form N-CSR and Form N-SAR may be viewed on-screen or downloaded from the Commission's Web site at...-traded products that will enhance competition among market participants, to the benefit of investors and...

  5. 77 FR 34102 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-08

    ... Information (``SAI''), the Fund's Shareholder Reports, and the Trust's Form N-CSR and Form N-SAR, filed twice..., and those documents and the Form N-CSR and Form N-SAR may be viewed on- screen or downloaded from the... the benefit of investors and the marketplace. As noted above, the Exchange has in place surveillance...

  6. 76 FR 51442 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-18

    ...'s Statement of Additional Information (``SAI''), the Fund's Shareholder Reports, and its Form N- CSR... request from the Trust, and those documents and the Form N-CSR and Form N-SAR may be viewed on-screen or... market participants, to the benefit of investors and the marketplace. As noted above, the Exchange has in...

  7. 77 FR 29429 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-17

    ... Fund's Shareholder Reports, and its Form N- CSR and Form N-SAR, filed twice a year. The Trust's SAI and Shareholder Reports are available free upon request from the Trust, and those documents and the Form N-CSR and... will enhance competition among market participants, to the benefit of investors and the marketplace. As...

  8. 76 FR 28493 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-17

    ... determined on the basis of generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, consistently applied under the accrual method of accounting. Each Fund's NAV is calculated at 4:15 p.m. E.T. The intra...

  9. 75 FR 73145 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-29

    ... generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, consistently applied under the accrual method of accounting. The closing prices and settlement prices of VIX Futures Contracts are also readily...

  10. 77 FR 69670 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-20

    ... some cases its port fees are less expensive than many of its primary competitors.\\12\\ The Exchange... monitoring of the drop copy port is more substantial and because drop copy ports capture cumulative activity...

  11. 78 FR 69497 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-19

    ... Disciplinary Action November 13, 2013. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) \\1\\ of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934... is subject to disciplinary action. The text of the proposed rule change is available on the Exchange... to the Options Price Reporting Authority (``OPRA'') is subject to disciplinary action, including...

  12. Petrologic perspectives on tectonic evolution of a nascent basin (Okinawa Trough) behind Ryukyu Arc:A review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Quanshu; SHI Xuefa

    2014-01-01

    Okinawa Trough is a back-arc, initial marginal sea basin, located behind the Ryukyu Arc-Trench System. The formation and evolution of the Okinawa Trough is intimately related to the subduction process of the Philippine Sea Plate beneath the Eurasian Plate since the late Miocene. The tectonic evolution of the trough is similar to other active back-arcs, such as the Mariana Trough and southern Lau Basin, all of which are experiencing the initial rifting and subsequent spreading process. This study reviews all petrologic and geochemical data of mafic volcanic lavas from the Okinawa Trough, Ryukyu Arc, and Philippine Sea Plate, combined with geophysical data to indicate the relationship between the subduction sources (input) and arc or back-arc magmas (output) in the Philippine Sea Plate-Ryukyu Arc-Okinawa Trough system (PROS). The results obtained showed that several components were variably involved in the petrogenesis of the Oki-nawa Trough lavas:sub-continental lithospheric mantle underlying the Eurasian Plate, Indian mid-oceanic ridge basalt (MORB)-type mantle, and Pacific MORB-type mantle. The addition of shallow aqueous fluids and deep hydrous melts from subducted components with the characteristics of Indian MORB-type mantle into the mantle source of lavas variably modifies the primitive mantle wedge beneath the Ryukyu and sub-continental lithospheric mantle (SCLM) beneath the Okinawa Trough. In the northeastern end of the trough and arc, instead of Indian MORB-type mantle, Pacific MORB-type mantle dominates the magma source. Along the strike of the Ryukyu Arc and Okinawa Trough, the systematic variations in trace element ratios and isotopic compositions reflect the first-order effect of variable subduction input on the magma source. In general, petrologic data, combined with geophysical data, imply that the Okinawa Trough is experiencing the“seafloor spreading”process in the southwest segment,“rift propagation”process in the middle seg-ment, and“crustal extension”process in the northeast segment, and a nascent ocean basin occurs in the southwest segment.

  13. 78 FR 11932 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-20

    ... investment objective applicable to the WisdomTree Euro Debt Fund (the ``Fund''). The text of the proposed... exchange-traded funds of the WisdomTree Trust). The original investment objectives of the Fund were to (1...,'' to change the Fund's investment objective to seeking ``a high level of total returns consisting of...

  14. 78 FR 48920 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-12

    ... Derivative Securities Product or a Listed Structured Product Is Based on an Index or Portfolio of Securities....3(i)(1)(i) to specify the procedures to be followed if a listed Derivative Securities Product or a... Derivative Securities Product \\4\\ or a Structured Product \\5\\ based on an index or portfolio of securities is...

  15. 78 FR 69503 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change, As...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-19

    ... price or formula. \\10\\ Structured notes are derivative securities for which the amount of principal... security or market. The Fund will only enter into transactions in derivative instruments with... SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34-70871; File No. SR-NYSEArca-2013-118] Self...

  16. 77 FR 76326 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-27

    ... its investment objective. The Fund will not invest in derivative securities including options, swaps... SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34-68488; File No. SR-NYSEArca-2012-14] Self... Section 19(b)(1) \\1\\ of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (``Act'' or ``Exchange Act'') \\2\\ and Rule 19b...

  17. 77 FR 71020 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-28

    ... Products with that of derivative securities products, like ETFs, that are listed on the Exchange. In this regard, the Exchange believes that derivative securities products and Structured Products share certain... SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34-68280; File No. SR-NYSEArca-2012-127] Self...

  18. 77 FR 29419 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-17

    ... generally classified as either Derivative Securities Products or Structured Products for purposes of the..., (iv) average quoted spread, and (v) in the event the security is a derivative security, the ability to... securities of operating companies, and such issues are not present with ETPs, because they have derivative...

  19. 78 FR 72955 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-04

    ... addition, the Fund will employ leverage inherent to the derivative security to increase exposure to the... addition, the Fund will employ leverage inherent to the derivative security to increase exposure to the...

  20. 77 FR 33010 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-04

    ... Change Regarding the Extension of Unlisted Trading Privileges to New Derivative Securities Products That... the extension of unlisted trading privileges (``UTP'') to a new derivative securities product that is... rules regarding the extension of UTP to a new derivative securities product \\5\\ that is listed on...

  1. 75 FR 25892 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-10

    ... (Including Currencies) and Nasdaq Rule 5740 (Derivative Securities Traded Under Unlisted Trading Privileges... securities and/or any derivatives or non security components of any of the products listed and traded on the... SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34-62013; File No. SR-NYSEArca-2010-35] Self...

  2. 78 FR 21681 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-11

    ... LISTING SERVICES.'' ETPs are generally classified as either Derivative Securities Products or Structured...) average quoted spread, and (v) in the event that the security is a derivative security, the ability to... SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34-69335; File No. SR-NYSEArca-2013-34] Self...

  3. 75 FR 13194 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-18

    ... Fund has valued the securities.\\12\\ \\12\\ This 15% investment limitation is a non-fundamental policy of... agreements. The Fund is subject to the following investment limitations that are fundamental policies and may... an investment company registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (15 U.S.C. 80a) (``1940 Act...

  4. 78 FR 21475 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-10

    ... and investment policies. The Sub-Adviser will utilize various fundamental and technical research... investment company.\\7\\ The investment adviser to the Fund is AdvisorShares Investments, LLC (the ``Adviser... security that represents an interest in an investment company registered under the Investment Company Act...

  5. 77 FR 20660 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-05

    ... priced relative to their economic fundamentals. Both U.S. and international investments will be selected... laws of the State of Delaware and registered with the Commission as an open-end management investment company.\\5\\ The investment adviser to the Fund is AdvisorShares Investments, LLC (``Adviser''). The Fund's...

  6. 76 FR 36600 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-22

    ... equities. The underlying investment process for the Madrona Forward Global Bond ETF is based on fundamental... Delaware and registered with the Commission as an open-end management investment company.\\4\\ The investment advisor for the Funds is AdvisorShares Investments, LLC (``Adviser''). Madrona Funds LLC is the Funds' sub...

  7. 77 FR 30345 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-22

    ... economic fundamentals. Both U.S. and international investments will be selected using fundamental analysis... registered with the Commission as an open-end management investment company.\\4\\ The investment adviser to the Fund is AdvisorShares Investments, LLC (``Adviser''). The Fund's sub-advisers (``Sub-Advisers'' and...

  8. 75 FR 13181 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-18

    ... investment restrictions as fundamental policies with respect to the Fund. These restrictions cannot be... investment restrictions adopted as fundamental policies set forth above, the Fund will not hold illiquid... ``Trust'').\\5\\ The Fund is a ``fund of funds,'' which means that the Fund seeks to achieve its investment...

  9. 78 FR 65407 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-31

    ... selling investments for the Portfolio. Investments are selected based on fundamental and quantitative... Equity Portfolio. Investments are selected based on fundamental and quantitative analysis. MFS uses... trust and is registered with the Commission as an open-end management investment company.\\5\\ SSgA Funds...

  10. 78 FR 4960 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-23

    ... such as yield and spreads, supply and demand, investment environment, and sector fundamentals. The Sub-Adviser will select particular investments using a bottom-up, fundamental research driven analysis that... registered with the Commission as an open-end management investment company.\\6\\ \\4\\ The Commission has...

  11. 78 FR 15990 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-13

    ... fundamentals. The Sub-Adviser will select particular investments using a bottom-up, fundamental research... investment company.\\4\\ The investment manager to the Fund will be AdvisorShares Investments LLC (``Adviser... Trust is registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (``1940 Act''). On June 25, 2012, the Trust...

  12. 77 FR 313 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-04

    ... designated as a PNP Plus Order that remains unexecuted and would otherwise lock or cross the best protected... below (above) the Lower (Upper) Price Band, as defined in the Plan, the automatic re-pricing of PNP Plus...

  13. 78 FR 47037 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Amendment No. 1 and Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-02

    ..., British Pound, Canadian Dollar, Australian Dollar, and Swiss Franc).\\13\\ The Subsidiary's exposure will... recognized statistical rating organization or, if unrated, judged by First Trust to be of comparable quality... business within seven days at approximately the value ascribed to it by the fund. See Investment Company...

  14. 78 FR 62751 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ...%); British Pound (9.9%); Mexican Peso (8.5%); Australian Dollar (5.5%); Swiss Franc (4.9%); Korean Won (3.6... extent possible, to that performed by a nationally recognized statistical rating organization (``NRSRO... principal place of business in the U.S. ``Non-U.S.-issued money market securities'' means money market...

  15. 78 FR 75406 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-11

    ...%); Mexican Peso (8.5%); Australian Dollar (5.5%); Swiss Franc (4.9%); Korean Won (3.6%); CNY (3.0%); and... recognized statistical rating organization (``NRSRO'') in rating similar securities and issuers. See Credit... and other obligations of financial institutions organized or having their principal place of business...

  16. 78 FR 70370 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-25

    ...); the security's maturity date; liquidity features (if any); relevant cash flow(s); valuation features... Credit Banks, the Tennessee Valley Authority, the Export-Import Bank of the United States, the Commodity...

  17. 77 FR 67712 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-13

    ... member of the National Futures Association. Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. Inc. (``BBH & Co., Inc.'') is....3 32.6 10 Copper 4.8 60.9 10 Zinc 34.5 48.9 5 Nickel 4.3 41.6 5 Sugar 24.4 26.2 5 [[Page 67715... LME 8 p.m.-2 p.m....... LN 6 USD/Tonne 5.0 Sugar ICE US 3:30 a.m.-2 p.m.... SB 112,000 c/lb 5.0...

  18. 75 FR 20413 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-19

    ... volume levels in non-Premium Tier Penny Pilot issues. This new tiered pricing structure will replace the.... The Exchange also proposes to introduce a Premium Tier for electronic transactions in certain Penny..., UNG, FAZ, DIA, GDX, and USO will qualify for the Premium Tier, and will receive an additional $.05 per...

  19. 77 FR 73716 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-11

    ..., India, Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Russia, South Africa... and depth in the product), as well as retail traders, investors, and public customers, by providing...

  20. 78 FR 21668 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-11

    ... vendors and subscribers are subject to a fee structure that utilizes the following basic principles: \\10... economics literature confirms that there is no way to allocate common costs between joint products that... generally Mark Hirschey, Fundamentals of Managerial Economics, at 600 (2009) (``It is important to note...

  1. 76 FR 44969 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-27

    ... squeezes of the underlying market. In addition such limits serve to reduce the possibility for disruption... trading activity. In addition, routine oversight inspections of the Exchange's regulatory programs by the...

  2. 77 FR 52776 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-30

    ... net or gross non-tax revenues derived from a specific project. Double-barreled (``DB'') GO bonds are... Statements. In addition, the Commission has issued an order granting certain exemptive relief to the Trust... income taxes and the federal alternative minimum tax (``AMT''). Each bond must have a rating of at least...

  3. 78 FR 22004 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca LLC; Order Approving, on an Accelerated Basis, Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-12

    ... volatility. \\18\\ See Rule 6.62(d)(1). Stop Orders when elected create a Market Order to buy or sell the... Limit Orders when elected create a Limit Order to buy or sell the option at a specific price. See Rule 6... behavior of Lead Market Makers and Market Makers. For example, when the underlying is in a Limit or...

  4. 77 FR 36307 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-18

    ... Restated Operating Agreement of NYSE MKT LLC (collectively the ``Organizational Documents'') to make... directors of the Regulated Subsidiaries, and make certain conforming changes to the Organizational Documents... independent, objective perspectives, while at the same time affording NYSE Euronext sufficient flexibility to...

  5. 76 FR 62873 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-11

    ... conflict, act of terrorism, riot or labor disruption or any similar intervening circumstance. Liquidity... agreements without limit as part of the Fund's investment strategy. Reverse repurchase agreements involve... regarding the Trust, Fund, Shares, Fund's investment strategies, risks, creation and redemption procedures...

  6. 78 FR 32487 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-30

    ...) above. Principal Investment Strategies According to the Registration Statement, the Fund's investment... investment objective by using a quantitative, rules-based strategy designed to provide returns that... man- made disaster, act of God, armed conflict, act of terrorism, riot or labor disruption or any...

  7. 78 FR 70610 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-26

    ... failure, natural or man-made disaster, act of God, armed conflict, act of terrorism, riot or labor... instruments for risk management purposes or as part of its investment strategies.\\11\\ \\11\\ The Fund will seek... the underlying asset and/or as part of a strategy designed to reduce exposure to other risks, such as...

  8. 78 FR 77761 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-24

    ... statements in describing the Fund and its investment strategies, including portfolio holdings and limitations... systems failure, natural or man-made disaster, act of God, armed conflict, act of terrorism, riot or labor... investment policies and strategies provided that the alternative is consistent with the Fund's investment...

  9. 77 FR 47131 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-07

    ... Sub-Adviser. The selection criteria include size, historical track record, diversification among... strategy known as Volatility Enhanced Global Appreciation (``VEGA''). Through VEGA, the Fund will invest in... strategy. The process focuses on the performance of a comprehensive portfolio of assets based on the...

  10. 78 FR 60975 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-02

    ... broker-dealers, so investors are able to readily access record date information for securities they hold... information broadly, including to market data vendors, DTCC and broker-dealers, so investors are able to... the setting of a record dates has been sufficient for the needs of investors and that this is also the...

  11. 77 FR 20079 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-03

    ..., rail cars, and trucks), storage, and terminalling of refined petroleum products (primarily gasoline... investment adviser to the Fund will be First Trust Advisors L.P. (``Adviser'' or ``First Trust''). Energy... securities of companies domiciled in the United States or Canada and deemed to be engaged in the energy...

  12. 78 FR 56256 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-12

    ..., armed conflict, act of terrorism, riot or labor disruption, or any similar intervening circumstance. The... of terrorism, riot or labor disruption, or any similar intervening circumstance. Except for ETPs that... with other applicable securities laws. Accordingly, procedures designed to prevent the communication...

  13. 77 FR 39763 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-05

    ... conflict, act of terrorism, riot or labor disruption, or any similar intervening circumstance. The Fund's... systems failure, natural or man-made disaster, act of God, armed conflict, act of terrorism, riot or labor... prevent the communication and misuse of non-public information by an investment adviser must be consistent...

  14. 78 FR 24276 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-24

    ... of terrorism, riot or labor disruption, or any similar intervening circumstance. According to the... the communication and misuse of non- public information by an investment adviser must be consistent...

  15. 78 FR 61411 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-03

    ... systems failure, natural or man- made disaster, act of God, armed conflict, act of terrorism, riot or... communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that...

  16. 78 FR 66409 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-05

    ... man-made disaster, act of God, armed conflict, act of terrorism, riot or labor disruption, or any... man-made disaster, act of God, armed conflict, act of terrorism, riot or labor disruption, or any.... Accordingly, procedures designed to prevent the communication and misuse of non- public information by an...

  17. 77 FR 74723 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-17

    ..., Options Trading Permit (``OTP'') Holders and OTP Firms use the EOC for the systematization and manual... business decisions regarding best practices because such devices capture unique order information and OTP...

  18. 75 FR 36136 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To Amend...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-24

    ... is the practice of NYSE Euronext's Global Risk and Audit Services Department (``RAS''), which...) and Section 401(a) of the Exchange's Bylaws To Eliminate the Exchange's Audit Committee, Compensation... eliminate the Exchange's Audit Committee, Compensation Committee, and Regulatory Oversight Committee. The...

  19. 76 FR 62112 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-06

    ... risk by maintaining an aggregate portfolio duration of between two and eight years under normal market....wisdomtree.com . WisdomTree Asset Management, Inc. (``WisdomTree Asset Management'') is the investment...-dealers regarding access to information concerning the composition and/or changes to the Fund's portfolio...

  20. 76 FR 65230 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-20

    ... management and the premier global venue for capital raising, with a truly global franchise and presence in... franchise and presence in many of the world's financial centers including New York, London, Frankfurt, Paris... NYSE Amex--which provide marketplaces where investors buy and sell listed companies' common stock and...

  1. 78 FR 39399 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-01

    ... provider as deemed appropriate by the logistical coordinator. Costs associated with the redemption of Units... to unwind gold hedge positions; (iii) central bank purchases and sales; (iv) production and cost... provider as deemed appropriate by the logistical coordinator. If the Transfer Agent and the Manager...

  2. 75 FR 54199 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of a Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-03

    ... Commission has approved other exchange-traded fund- like products linked to the performance of underlying... (each, an ``Index Commodity'' and, collectively, ``Index Commodities''): Aluminum, cocoa, coffee, copper... products; Group II includes seven Index Commodities which are highly liquid; Group III is comprised of four...

  3. 75 FR 33861 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-15

    ... cattle, lean hogs, feeder cattle), softs (e.g., sugar, cotton, coffee, cocoa) and energy (e.g., crude oil........ none none 8:25 a.m.-1:25 p.m. Cocoa Cocoa ICE-US 10 metric tons.... none none 4 a.m.-2 p.m. Coffee... derivative products, including Trust Issued Receipts, to monitor trading in the Units. The Exchange...

  4. 77 FR 21114 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-09

    ... Sugar 11. SB 03:30-14:00 2.25 ICE-US Cocoa CC 04:00-14:00 0.39 ICE-US Cotton 2. CT 21:00-14:30 1.24 CME... quotient of (i) the product of (a) the total annualized quantity traded of such Designated Contract during the relevant calculation period and (b) the sum of the products of (x) the Designated Contract...

  5. 77 FR 10005 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-21

    ... Commission has approved other exchange-traded fund-like products linked to the performance of underlying... 03:30-14:00 0.76 ICE-US Sugar 11.. SB 03:30-14:00 2.25 ICE-US Cocoa CC 04:00-14:00 0.39 ICE-US Cotton... respect to any Designated Contract is the quotient of (i) the product of (a) the total annualized quantity...

  6. 76 FR 80433 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-23

    ... products linked to the performance of underlying commodities and currencies.\\8\\ \\6\\ See Securities Exchange... Contracts are based on, but not directly proportional to, gross domestic product (``GDP''). The positions...:00 pm Cocoa 0.42 ICE 4:00 am-2:00 pm Sugar 3.58 ICE 3:30 am-2:00 pm Cotton 2.69 ICE 9:00 pm-2:30 pm...

  7. 75 FR 37502 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-29

    ... the equivalent of $5 billion in local currency sovereign debt. The criteria used to evaluate whether a... securities accepted for deposits and the securities used to satisfy redemption requests are sold in... currency debt instruments. A ``local currency'' debt instrument is a bond, note or other debt obligation...

  8. 75 FR 47323 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-05

    ... investments in local currency debt instruments. Specifically, the Fund intends to invest in issuers in Asia... debt instruments denominated in a currency other than the U.S. dollar issued by emerging market... foreign currencies. In addition, the Fund may use derivative instruments as part of its investment...

  9. 77 FR 67707 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-13

    ... used as short-term trading vehicles. The Leveraged Funds with the word ``Bull'' in their name... (collectively, ``Euro Funds'' and, collectively with the Yen Funds and Dollar Funds, ``Currency Funds'') will... currency. As such, the Yen Funds will invest in Japanese Yen futures contracts traded on the CME (``Yen...

  10. 77 FR 7623 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of a Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-13

    ... redemption securities, including that the securities accepted for deposits and the securities used to satisfy... obligations, such as government or corporate bonds, denominated in local currencies or U.S. dollars, as well as issues denominated in emerging market local currencies that are issued by ``supranational issuers...

  11. 77 FR 44702 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-30

    ... Process and would not necessitate any changes to order processing.\\4\\ \\4\\ The Exchange notes that when it... received from other market centers are marked as intermarket sweep orders, which by definition, are not...

  12. 77 FR 19401 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ... B. Error positions may result from an order processing issue at a routing destination. For instance, if a routing destination experienced a systems problem that affects its order processing, it may... orders (``error positions''). By definition, an error position would not include any position that...

  13. 77 FR 57611 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-18

    ... result from an order processing issue at a routing destination. For instance, if a routing destination experienced a systems problem that affects its order processing, it may transmit back a message purporting to... [[Page 57613

  14. 76 FR 75932 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-05

    ... the equivalent of $5 billion in local currency sovereign debt. The criteria used to evaluate whether a... Change The Exchange proposes to list and trade the shares of the following fund of the WisdomTree Trust.... Purpose The Exchange proposes to list and trade the Shares of the WisdomTree Emerging Markets Inflation...

  15. 77 FR 3532 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-24

    ... component currencies. The price used for the calculation of the Index is the mid-point between the Bloomberg... Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange proposes to list and trade... (``UTP'').\\3\\ The Exchange proposes to list and trade shares (``Shares'') of the following pursuant to...

  16. 77 FR 15440 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-15

    ... component currencies. The price used for the calculation of the Index is the mid-point between the Bloomberg... Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (``Act'') \\1\\ and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,\\2\\ a proposed rule change to list... The Exchange proposes to list and trade shares (``Shares'') of the following funds (each a ``Fund...

  17. 75 FR 25005 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-06

    ... deems appropriate for options trading Exchange- Traded Fund Shares (``ETFs'' or ``Fund Shares'' or ``Units'') that are traded on a national securities exchange and are defined as an ``NMS stock'' in Rule... similar entity that holds a specified non-U.S. currency deposited with the trust or similar entity when...

  18. 76 FR 194 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-03

    ... exchange-traded fund. The Shares will be offered by the Trust, which was established as a Delaware... Commodity Currency Fund). \\5\\ See Post-Effective Amendment No. 41 to Registration Statement on Form N-1A for... managed exchange- traded fund (``ETF''). The Fund is designed to provide exposure to a broad range of...

  19. 75 FR 70319 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-17

    ...''), the most actively traded currency pairs against the U.S. dollar (based on average daily turnover in U... based on liquid and actively-traded commodities and currencies and there is also an active market for... Shares'' on the Exchange.\\5\\ [[Page 70320

  20. 77 FR 58881 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-24

    ...-traded fund-like products linked to the performance of underlying commodities and currencies.\\9\\ \\6\\ See... Funds to obtain exposure through cash-settled, exchange-traded options on Currency Futures Contracts, as... real-time data for foreign currency futures and options prices traded on the CME and NASDAQ OMX PHLX...

  1. 76 FR 27127 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-10

    ... market for local currency debt is larger and more actively traded than the global market for dollar... followed index of regularly traded, liquid, fixed-rate domestic currency government bonds. As of December...

  2. 75 FR 18554 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Amendment No. 1 and Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-12

    ... sectors, and other exchange- traded products, including but not limited to exchange-traded notes (``ETNs''), exchange-traded currency trusts and closed-end funds. In addition, the Fund may use liquid futures... long and short positions in other exchange-traded funds (the ``Underlying ETFs'') that offer...

  3. 75 FR 33882 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Amex LLC and NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-15

    ... Exchange-Traded Fund Shares (or ``ETFs'') that are traded on a national securities exchange and are defined... Instruments); or (ii) represent interests in a trust that holds a specified non-U.S. currency or currencies... the beneficial owner to receive the specified non-U.S. currency or currencies and pays the beneficial...

  4. 77 FR 30341 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-22

    ... First Trust Exchange-Traded Fund IV (``Trust''),\\5\\ which is organized as a Massachusetts business trust... investment purposes) in exchange-traded equity securities of companies domiciled in the United States or... trade in foreign currencies that differ from the currency the underlying security for each ADR, EDR, or...

  5. 76 FR 6503 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-04

    ..., exchange-traded notes (``ETNs''), exchange-traded currency trusts, and closed-end funds.\\5\\ \\5\\ Underlying..., and ETPs including, but not limited to, ETNs, exchange-traded currency trusts, and closed-end funds...-traded currency trusts, and closed-end funds). The Commission finds that the proposal to list and trade...

  6. 77 FR 47482 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-08

    ...-traded currency and commodity trusts (collectively, with ETFs and ETNs, ``Underlying ETPs''),\\10... circumstances,\\7\\ by investing at least 60% of its portfolio in both long and short positions in exchange-traded funds (``ETFs'') \\8\\ and exchange-traded notes (``ETNs'') \\9\\ that offer diversified exposure to global...

  7. 78 FR 76867 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-19

    ... either exchange-traded currency futures or ``over-the-counter'' (``OTC'') foreign exchange forward... are generally traded in an interbank market directly between currency traders (usually large... exchange-traded currency futures or OTC foreign exchange forward contracts, as the currency in which...

  8. 78 FR 79042 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ... time period of the Pilot Program,\\4\\ which is currently scheduled to expire on December 31, 2013... that it is designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just and... to buy and sell options. The proposal to extend the Pilot Program is designed to promote just and...

  9. 78 FR 16552 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-15

    ... to extend the time period of the Pilot Program,\\4\\ which is currently scheduled to expire on March 31... manipulative acts and practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to foster cooperation and... the Pilot Program is designed to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to foster cooperation...

  10. 78 FR 73899 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-09

    ... Commentary .06 to Rule 6.8 to extend the time period of the SPY Pilot Program,\\4\\ which is currently... Exchange believes it is appropriate to extend the SPY Pilot Program to provide time for other SROs to adopt... practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to remove impediments to and perfect the...

  11. 75 FR 11214 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-10

    ... Hub to route orders to markets at the NBBO. The Exchange was aware that such dependence might occur...: Electronic Comments Use the Commission's Internet comment form ( http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml ); or... method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission's Internet Web site ( http://www.sec.gov...

  12. 75 FR 14644 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-26

    ... (including cable installation, equipment racking and ``remote-hands'' maintenance). The fees assessed for the... $200 per hour. (including cable installation services, equipment racking services, and ongoing remote... provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and printing in the Commission's Public...

  13. 78 FR 1894 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-09

    ... not have annual financial statements with an audit opinion that is currently withdrawn. As of November...., Oracle Inc., and Amazon.com , Inc.); Regarding component available shares, (a) the most available shares...'') are calculated based on a volume- weighted average of prices reported in the first five minutes of...

  14. 77 FR 39554 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-03

    ... later date at a fixed price. The Fund may not (i) with respect to 75% of its total assets, purchase... security. The Fund will not purchase illiquid securities, including Rule 144A securities and loan... 204A-1 under the Advisers Act relating to codes of ethics. This Rule requires investment advisers to...

  15. 78 FR 66396 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-05

    ... relating to codes of ethics. This Rule requires investment advisers to adopt a code of ethics that reflects.... Forwards on securities are contracts to purchase or sell securities for a fixed price at a future date beyond normal settlement time. Forwards on Fixed Income Instruments are contracts to purchase or sell...

  16. 78 FR 12110 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-21

    ... the Advisers Act relating to codes of ethics. This Rule requires investment advisers to adopt a code of ethics that reflects the fiduciary nature of the relationship to clients as well as compliance... quantitative model to identify which securities the Fund might purchase and sell and opportune times for...

  17. 77 FR 36314 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-18

    ... relating to codes of ethics. This Rule requires investment advisers to adopt a code of ethics that reflects... writer of the option is obligated to purchase the requisite amount of the asset underlying the option to... amount of cash or cash equivalents sufficient to cover the purchase price of the asset underlying the...

  18. 77 FR 65732 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-30

    ... electrical sector, the glass manufacturing sector, the medical, biomedical and dental sectors, and other...-treatment systems. Industrial manufacturing includes demand primarily from the electronics, dental, and...''), and a calculation of the premium or discount of such price against such NAV; and (b) data in chart...

  19. 76 FR 33795 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-09

    ... Holder'' refers to a sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, limited liability company or other...). The term ``OTP Firm'' refers to a sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, limited liability...

  20. 78 FR 79046 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ... internal monitoring and procedures related to risk management. The Exchange does not guarantee that the... designed to be the sole means of risk control. Moreover, the use of the Exchange's risk management tools... Change To Offer Risk Management Tools Designed To Allow ETP Holders To Monitor and Address Exposure to...

  1. 75 FR 71760 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-24

    ... portfolio, Peritus will perform its own independent investment analysis of each issuer to determine its... in a portfolio of securities selected by its investment advisor consistent with its investment... with respect to access to information concerning the composition and/or changes to the portfolio). \\7...

  2. 77 FR 9288 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-16

    ... electronic executions and to delete references to Royalty Fees for foreign currency options, which the... posted electronic executions and to delete references to Royalty Fees for foreign currency options, which....... -0.36 Threshold 3 More than 1,200,000.. -0.42 Threshold 4 More than 3,500,000.. -0.43 Royalty Fees...

  3. 75 FR 71158 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-22

    ...://www.cfe.cboe.com ), automated quotation systems, published or other public sources, or on-line [[Page... and last-sale information regarding the Shares will be disseminated through the facilities of the... Optimized Portfolio Value (``IOPV'') will be calculated. The IOPV is an indicator of the value of the VIX...

  4. 77 FR 7219 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of a Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    ... market and a national market system, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest. The... in, securities. Quotation and last- sale information for the Shares will be available via the... subscription basis.\\21\\ In addition, for each Fund, the Indicative Optimized Portfolio Value (``IOPV'') will be...

  5. 78 FR 67427 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-12

    ... use to obtain the Fund's investment objectives (the ``Proposed Amendments'').\\8\\ Under the Proposed... change to the Fund's investment objective.\\14\\ The Fund will continue to comply with all initial and... investment objective. The Fund will continue to comply with all initial and continued listing requirements...

  6. 78 FR 45003 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-25

    ... securities. Corporate debt securities are fixed-income securities issued by businesses to finance their... fundamental factors such as sales, earnings and cash flow growth; valuation factors such as price/earnings... fundamentals, valuation and technical factors, the security's relative valuation and other qualitative factors...

  7. 78 FR 54700 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-05

    ... eliminated. The securities will then be evaluated by fundamental factors such as sales, earnings, and cash... be selected by the Adviser based on the security's fundamentals, valuation and technical factors, the... participations from third parties. These loans are made by or issued to corporations primarily to finance...

  8. 78 FR 10233 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ... fundamental credit analysis in an effort to attempt to minimize the loss of the Portfolio's capital.\\11\\ The..., insurance companies or finance companies (or their affiliates). Such companies may be especially susceptible... generally repaid before unsecured bank loans, corporate bonds, subordinated debt, trade creditors, and...

  9. 78 FR 56970 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-16

    ... to finance purchases of homes, commercial buildings and other real estate. The individual mortgage... Statement, generally, trading in corporate bonds, U.S. government securities and money market instruments is...: fundamental analysis (earnings multiple, etc.), matrix pricing, discounts from market prices of similar...

  10. 78 FR 19766 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-02

    ... investment grade quality and will rely on fundamental credit analysis in an effort to attempt to minimize the..., they can also include thrift institutions, insurance companies, or finance companies (or their... Senior Loans are generally repaid before unsecured bank loans, corporate bonds, subordinated debt, trade...

  11. 76 FR 64406 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-18

    ... surveillance,\\8\\ which is in furtherance of the Exchange's outsourcing of its surveillance and other regulatory... impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. See 15 U.S.C. 78c(f). \\23\\ See supra note 15...

  12. 77 FR 41854 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-16

    ... any entity assisting in its compliance, in procedures established pursuant to the national do-not-call... outbound telephone calls to wireless telephone numbers.\\28\\ \\28\\ See also FINRA Rule 3230(e). Outsourcing... telemarketing services on its behalf, the ETP Holder remains responsible for ensuring compliance with all...

  13. 77 FR 2331 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-17

    ... possible, and equally reasonable, pricing strategies as the means of recovering total costs. For example... for the inputs necessary to the creation of proprietary data and strict pricing discipline for the.... Id. at 3598. Competitive markets for order flow, executions, and transaction reports provide pricing...

  14. 78 FR 19784 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-02

    ... trying to strike the right balance of fees applicable to Minis--too low and the costs of processing Mini... right balance of fees applicable to Minis--too low and the costs of processing Mini quotes and orders... may or may not pass along the $1,000 per month permit fee cost. Consequently, when all fees are taken...

  15. 78 FR 55312 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of a Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-10

    ... provides significant efficiencies in the most active names, but provides a great deal of unnecessary quote... ten business days into the month, rather than the second day of the month as is done under the Pilot...

  16. 77 FR 76139 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ...) pursuant to Rule 6.77, a Trading Official determines that the execution of such trade was done in violation... provisions related to trading halts and the nullification of trades. Paragraphs (B)-(C) of the PHLX rule deal...). Additionally, paragraph (D) of the PHLX rule deals with Treasury securities. The Exchange does not trade...

  17. 77 FR 7647 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-13

    ... provide current income, capital preservation, and the avoidance of excessive portfolio volatility. The... interest by the U.S. government, its agencies or instrumentalities. \\15\\ VRDOs are short-term tax exempt... and redemption procedures, fees, portfolio holdings disclosure policies, distributions and taxes is...

  18. 78 FR 18649 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-27

    .... (``AAPL''), SPDR Gold Trust (``GLD''), Google Inc. (``GOOG'') and Amazon.com Inc. (``AMZN'').\\4\\ Whereas... Exchange's Web site at www.nyse.com , at the principal office of the Exchange, and at the Commission's.../Option orders that seek to achieve legitimate investment strategies are afforded certain benefits...

  19. 76 FR 1477 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-10

    ... relating to distribution, compliance of sales and marketing materials, and certain regulatory compliance... Futures Contracts targeting a long notional exposure equivalent to approximately +200% of a Fund's... Leveraged Fund will sell a sufficient number of Short Index Futures Contracts targeting a short notional...

  20. 77 FR 52098 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-28

    ... Exchange would announce via Regulatory Bulletin the applicable time period(s) for the Risk Limitation... Exchange would specify via Regulatory Bulletin the applicable time period(s) for the Risk Limitation... Risk Limitation Mechanisms, as well as any applicable time period(s) and order types, via Regulatory...

  1. 78 FR 20162 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    ... of dividends to shareholders and their return of capital to shareholders in other forms, such as... a quantitative model to identify which securities the Fund might purchase and sell and opportune...''),\\14\\ and a calculation of the premium and discount of the Bid/Ask Price against the NAV, and (2) data...

  2. 78 FR 13726 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Amendments No. 1 and No. 2...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-28

    ....201. BlackRock Asset Management International Inc. is the sponsor of the Trust (``Sponsor''). The... Trust, including warehouse locations, warehouse identification numbers, lot numbers, weights, and brands... well as other governmental bodies that stockpile metal for strategic purposes. 1. OTC Copper Market...

  3. 76 FR 76457 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-07

    ... attractiveness. The Sub-Adviser then will endeavor to invest in Underlying ETPs that individually or in... financial institution in the issuer's home country. The depositary bank may not have physical custody of the... factor scores for each country in the model to assign each country a relative attractiveness score. This...

  4. 77 FR 4079 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-26

    ... basis using its proprietary country ranking model in order to determine their relative attractiveness... institution in the issuer's home country. The depositary bank may not have physical custody of the underlying... attractiveness score. This monthly score will be used to rank countries from most attractive to least attractive...

  5. 76 FR 76464 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-07

    ..., government and corporate bonds, commodities and REITs. Master Feeder Structure of the Funds The Funds are... equity securities, government and corporate bonds, inflation protected securities, commodities and real... across all market capitalizations, investment grade and high yield government and corporate bonds...

  6. 75 FR 14237 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-24

    ... intent of USBO to be operated in a fashion such that its NAV will equal, in dollar terms, the spot price... and CFTC reports on behalf of USBO. Marketing Agent. USBO also plans to employ ALPS Distributors, Inc. as the marketing agent. USBO, through its marketing agent, will continuously offer Creation Baskets...

  7. 75 FR 43606 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-26

    ... a broker-dealer, they will be required to implement a fire wall with respect to such broker-dealer... (``ICE''), Chicago Board of Trade (``CBOT''), Chicago Mercantile Exchange (``CME''), London Metal...

  8. 77 FR 67412 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-09

    ... implemented a fire wall with respect to its broker-dealer affiliate regarding access to information concerning... will implement a fire wall with respect to such broker-dealer regarding access to information... 500 Futures that are listed on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (``CME'').\\8\\ \\8\\ The Fund will be...

  9. 78 FR 29411 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-20

    ... and clarified that UBS Securities has implemented a fire wall with respect to its personnel regarding...'' means the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (``CME'') or one of the CME Group Inc.'s other designated contract... Futures (as defined herein). The designated contract markets of the CME Group Inc. are the CME, Chicago...

  10. 76 FR 66339 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-26

    ... becomes affiliated with a broker-dealer, it will implement a fire wall with respect to such broker-dealer... commodities in the Agriculture Index that are currently traded on the ICE Futures (``ICE Futures''), Chicago Board of Trade (``CBOT''), Chicago Mercantile Exchange (``CME''), Kansas City Board of Trade (``KCBT...

  11. 78 FR 41138 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-09

    ... a fire wall with respect to its personnel regarding access to information concerning, among other...\\ As used herein, ``Futures Exchange'' means the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (``CME'') or one of the... of the CME Group Inc. are the CME, Chicago Board of Trade (``CBOT''), New York Mercantile Exchange...

  12. 78 FR 51769 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-21

    ... Managing Owner is affiliated with a broker-dealer and has implemented a ``fire wall'' with respect to such... on which the Index Commodity Contracts are traded and include the following: the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Inc. (``CME''), Chicago Board of Trade (``CBOT'', a division of CME), NYMEX (a division of CME...

  13. 75 FR 39292 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change to List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-08

    ... trading in the European time zones overlaps with trading in the United States, which is when OTC market... trading privileges (``UTP'') ``Commodity-Based Trust Shares.'' \\3\\ The Commission has previously approved... trading of the streetTRACKS Gold Trust and iShares Silver Trust on the Exchange pursuant to UTP.\\10\\ The...

  14. 77 FR 18875 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To Amend...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-28

    ... floor trades executed by Floor Market Makers [sic] a designated Trading Zone, not just those to which... Makers are not appointed to a designated Trading Zone, they are subject to certain Market Maker... effected on the Trading Floor to count toward the Market Maker's appointment trading requirement and to...

  15. 75 FR 55840 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of a Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-14

    ... Listing and Trading of Shares of the PIMCO Build America Bond Strategy Fund September 7, 2010. I..., which governs the listing and trading of Managed Fund Shares. The Shares will be offered by the Trust.\\4...% in the case of Recovery Zone Economic Development Bonds) of the interest paid. The federal interest...

  16. 75 FR 47655 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... generally occurs at the time of day when trading in the European time zones overlaps with trading in the... trading privileges (``UTP'') ``Commodity-Based Trust Shares.'' \\3\\ The Commission has previously approved... trading of the streetTRACKS Gold Trust and iShares Silver Trust on the Exchange pursuant to UTP.\\10\\ The...

  17. 75 FR 69494 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-12

    ... in the gold market generally occurs at the time of day when trading in the European time zones..., the Exchange may propose to list and/or trade pursuant to unlisted trading privileges (``UTP... Commission has approved trading of the streetTRACKS Gold Trust and iShares Silver Trust and on the Exchange...

  18. 77 FR 58889 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-24

    ... on the S&P 500 Index. The VIX Index measures the premium paid by investors for certain options linked...) member banks of the Federal Reserve System having total assets in excess of $500 million and (ii... Fund must meet three tests each year. First, at least 90% of the Fund's gross income for each taxable...

  19. 77 FR 12631 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    ... income from the Treasury Securities and/or cash equivalents that it purchases and on the cash it holds... the closing settlement prices for certain Futures Contracts for the commodity specified in the... an Underlying Fund's Specified Commodity are reached, each Underlying Fund's intention is to invest...

  20. 77 FR 63380 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-16

    ... generally reduce changes in the market price of securities from their original purchase price because, upon... commitment. The Fund will only make commitments to purchase such securities with the intention of actually... purchase fixed income securities issued by U.S. or foreign corporations \\6\\ or financial institutions...

  1. 77 FR 24750 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-25

    ... Instructions Are Applicable to an MPL Order April 19, 2012. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities... (``IOC'') time-in-force instructions are applicable to an MPL Order. The text of the proposed rule change... specify how the IOC time-in-force instructions are applicable to an MPL Order. Background An MPL Order is...

  2. 76 FR 30417 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-25

    ... order entry size of a Mid-Point Passive Liquidity Order (``MPL Order'') from 100 shares to one share... minimum order entry size of an MPL Order from 100 shares to one share. MPL Orders were initially designed... implementing MPL Orders to permit Users to enter MPL Orders for smaller sized order flow, including orders of...

  3. 77 FR 38362 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Withdrawal of Proposed Rule Change To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-27

    ... Christopher Nagy, Managing Director Order Routing & Market Data Strategy, TD Ameritrade, dated April 30, 2012...; Joan C. Conley, Senior Vice President & Corporate Secretary, The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc., dated April 30...

  4. 77 FR 31418 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Designation of a Longer Period for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-25

    ... Trading, LLC, dated April 5, 2012; letter from Joan C. Conley, Senior Vice President and Corporate... and Market Data Strategy, TD Ameritrade, Inc., to Elizabeth M. Murphy, Secretary, Commission, dated...

  5. 77 FR 13168 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-05

    ... applicable to proprietary traders. The Series 56 examination program is shared by the Exchange and the... securities exchange prescribes standards of training, experience and competence for members and their...

  6. 77 FR 37942 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-25

    ..., experience and competence for members and their associated persons; and (2) Section 6(b)(5) of the Act,\\9\\ in... register as Market Makers, MMATs, and Floor Brokers. In addition, the Series 56 Examination is shared by..., which is shared by the other options exchanges. In addition, requiring Floor Brokers to participate in...

  7. 77 FR 7634 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-13

    ... Less Than $75 \\1\\ ``iShares[supreg]'' is a registered trademark BlackRock Institutional Trust Company... Public Reference Room, and www.nyse.com . \\5\\ ``iShares[reg]'' is a registered trademark BlackRock...

  8. 76 FR 36608 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-22

    ... on market trends. This is a long-only tactical strategy that seeks to minimize portfolio losses by... the Underlying ETPs believed to be participating in long- term ``durable trends'' within the market..., styles (market capitalization, value, growth, etc.) or sectors, and other exchange- traded products...

  9. 75 FR 63874 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of a Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-18

    ... future market trends or direction; rather, the Fund seeks to capture profits in these trends when and where they develop. The strategy is diversified across markets and timeframes with strict risk control..., commodity and currency markets, independent of market direction, by producing absolute returns with reduced...

  10. 76 FR 24936 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-03

    ...% fixed income-based assets or cash and cash equivalents depending on market trends. This is a long-only... markets. Risk management is an integral part of the Sub-Adviser's investment strategy. The Fund will not... trends'' within the market. This model enables the Sub- Adviser to evaluate, rank, and select the...

  11. 75 FR 54676 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change by NYSE Arca, Inc...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-08

    ... trend-following approach to actively manage a diversified portfolio of world asset classes. The strategy... future market trends or direction; rather, the Fund intends to capture profits in these trends when and..., commodity and currency markets, independent of market direction. The Fund seeks to preserve and grow capital...

  12. 77 FR 32161 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-31

    ..., forward contracts, swap contracts, the purchase of securities on a when-issued or delayed delivery basis... be designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just and equitable... provisions of Rule 204A-1 under the Advisers Act relating to codes of ethics. This Rule requires investment...

  13. 77 FR 75239 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-19

    ... number of ounces of physical platinum bullion held by the Trust as of the close of business on the... number of ounces of physical palladium bullion held by the Trust as of the close of business on the... SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34-68430; File No. SR-NYSEArca-2012-111] Self...

  14. 76 FR 199 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-03

    ... p.m. Eastern Time and at the close of trading on each Business Day \\12\\ by Bloomberg L.P. and... information services such as Bloomberg or Reuters. The specific contract specifications for the component... and market news free of charge on its Web site. In addition, the Funds will provide Web site...

  15. 75 FR 22663 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ... information services such as Bloomberg or Reuters. The Benchmark will be disseminated by one or more major... news publications publish futures prices and data. The Exchange represents that quotation and last sale... vendors worldwide, including Bloomberg and Reuters. In addition, the Exchange further represents that...

  16. 78 FR 785 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-04

    ... sources, or on- line information services such as Bloomberg or Reuters. Complete real- time data for the Futures Contracts is available by subscription from Reuters and Bloomberg. The relevant Futures Exchanges also provide delayed futures information on current and past trading sessions and market news free of...

  17. 75 FR 78290 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-15

    .... In addition, various data vendors and news publications publish futures prices and data. The Exchange... disseminated through a variety of major market data vendors worldwide, including Bloomberg and Reuters. In... Contracts is available by subscription from Reuters and Bloomberg. The NYMEX and ICE also provide delayed...

  18. 76 FR 1489 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-10

    ... consolidated tape, Reuters and/or Bloomberg. The Index Sponsor will also publish the daily closing level of the... public sources, and on- line information services such as Bloomberg or Reuters.\\16\\ The specific contract... and market news free of charge on its Web site. The NAV for the Fund will be calculated by the...

  19. 77 FR 1526 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-10

    ... other public sources, or on-line information services such as Bloomberg or Reuters. Each Benchmark and..., on the Web site of ICE Futures ( www.theice.com ). In addition, various data vendors and news... major market data vendors worldwide, including Bloomberg and Reuters. In addition, the Exchange further...

  20. 76 FR 807 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-06

    ... systems, published or other public sources, or on-line information services such as Bloomberg or Reuters... below), and NAV. In addition, various data vendors and news publications publish futures prices and data... widely disseminated through a variety of major market data vendors worldwide, including Bloomberg and...

  1. 75 FR 63530 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-15

    ... services such as Bloomberg or Reuters. The relevant futures exchanges also provide delayed futures information on current and past trading sessions and market news free of charge on their respective Web sites...

  2. 75 FR 56156 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-15

    ... Bloomberg. Reuters and Bloomberg provide at no charge on their websites delayed information regarding the spot price of Bullion and last sale prices of Bullion futures, as well as information about news and developments in the Bullion market. Reuters and Bloomberg also offer a professional service to subscribers for...

  3. 75 FR 77926 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Accelerated Approval of a Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-14

    ... Bloomberg. Reuters and Bloomberg provide at no charge on their Web sites delayed information regarding the spot price of gold and last sale prices of gold futures, as well as information about news and developments in the gold market. Reuters and Bloomberg also offer a professional service to subscribers for a...

  4. 75 FR 50789 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-17

    ... news and developments in the Bullion market. Reuters and Bloomberg also offer a professional service to... Reuters and Bloomberg. Reuters and Bloomberg provide at no charge on their Web sites delayed information...

  5. 76 FR 58549 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-21

    ... vendors worldwide, including Bloomberg and Reuters. In addition, the Exchange further represents that complete real-time data for such contracts is available by subscription from Reuters and Bloomberg. CBOT... market news free of charge on their websites. The specific contract specifications for such contracts are...

  6. 75 FR 62615 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Order Granting Accelerated...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-12

    ... about news and developments in the silver market. Reuters and Bloomberg also offer a professional..., such as Reuters and Bloomberg. Reuters and Bloomberg provide at no charge on their Web sites delayed... traded on the COMEX are available by subscription from Reuters and Bloomberg. The NYMEX also provides...

  7. 75 FR 170 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change for the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-04

    ... Bloomberg. Reuters and Bloomberg provide at no charge on their Web sites delayed information regarding the spot price of gold and last sale prices of gold futures, as well as information about news and developments in the gold market. Reuters and Bloomberg also offer a professional service to subscribers for a...

  8. 78 FR 51239 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    .... \\20\\ See id. \\21\\ The data is available by subscription from Reuters and Bloomberg. The New York... and market news free of charge on its Web site. EBS Market provides an electronic trading platform to...

  9. 78 FR 17972 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-25

    ... Contingent Cross Orders in mini- options. \\4\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 67948 (September 28... options on the same underlying security. With regard to the impact of this proposal on system capacity... necessary systems capacity to handle the potential additional traffic associated with this proposal. The...

  10. 77 FR 57630 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-18

    ... change was published for comment in the Federal Register on July 30, 2012.\\3\\ The Commission received no comment letters regarding the proposed rule change. This order approves the proposed rule change. \\1\\ 15 U...

  11. 76 FR 41844 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-15

    ... best bid or national best offer, as defined in Rule 600(b)(42) of Regulation NMS. As the Exchange...., limit orders that in essence act like market orders because they are priced so far away from the...

  12. 75 FR 41252 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change by NYSE Arca, Inc...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-15

    ... stocks are sufficiently liquid to deter potential manipulation. As of June 9, 2010, the average market... included 201 non-NMS stocks out of a total of approximately 1,564 components in the Index. Thus, non-NMS stocks comprised approximately 12.8% of the number of stocks in the Index. Stocks comprising 97.3% of the...

  13. 78 FR 23601 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-19

    ... greatly restricts gains from the manipulation of any one underlying stock.\\44\\ The commenter provides... volatile U.S. stocks that also have market capitalization of at least $5 billion. In seeking to replicate... securities (i.e., those which convert into the underlying stock), the down-and-in put options written by the...

  14. 78 FR 4508 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Amendment No. 2, and Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-22

    ... firm and who participates in the firm's audit, assurance or tax compliance (but not tax planning... company's audit within that time; (C) A director or a director who has an immediate family member who is...

  15. 77 FR 62587 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-15

    ... such a firm and who participates in the firm's audit, assurance or tax compliance (but not tax planning... company's audit within that time; (C) A director or a director who has an immediate family member who is...

  16. 78 FR 79524 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval to Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-30

    ... by other market participants, such segmentation would not be inconsistent with Section 6(b)(5) of the... proposed Program, a new class of market participants called Retail Liquidity Providers (``RLPs'') would be... market participants known as Retail Member Organizations (``RMOs'') could submit a new type of order...

  17. 77 FR 39535 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-03

    ... Trust (GLD), Google Inc. (GOOG), and Amazon.com Inc. (AMZN). These issues were selected because they are... S&P 500 (SPY), Apple, Inc. (AAPL), SPDR Gold Trust (GLD), Google Inc. (GOOG), and Amazon.com Inc... contracts''). The text of the proposed rule change is available on the Exchange's Web site at www.nyse.com...

  18. 77 FR 21120 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change to List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-09

    ..., specifically SPDR S&P 500 (SPY), Apple, Inc. (AAPL), SPDR Gold Trust (GLD), Google Inc. (GOOG), and Amazon.com...), and Amazon.com Inc. (AMZN) for all expirations applicable to 100 share options in each class. The... available at the Exchange, www.nyse.com , and the Commission's Public Reference Room. II. Self-Regulatory...

  19. 78 FR 29804 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-21

    ... Action Because the proposed rule change does not (i) significantly affect the protection of investors or... and a national market system, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest. \\5\\ 15 U... wider variety of component securities that may meet the investment objectives of investors. Offering...

  20. 77 FR 56692 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-13

    ...) Significantly affect the protection of investors or the public interest; (ii) impose any significant burden on... general, to protect investors and the public interest. The Exchange is proposing to replace references to... time as the Commission may designate, if consistent with the protection of investors and the public...

  1. 76 FR 53515 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-26

    ... Options Rule 6.96(b)(2) To Make Permanent the Pilot Program That Permits the Exchange To Accept Inbound Orders Routed by Archipelago Securities LLC in its Capacity as a Facility of Affiliated Exchanges and To... permanent the pilot program that permits the Exchange to accept inbound orders routed by Archipelago...

  2. 76 FR 53509 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-26

    ... Equities Rule 7.45(c)(2) To Make Permanent the Pilot Program That Permits the Exchange To Accept Inbound Orders Routed by Archipelago Securities LLC in Its Capacity as a Facility of Affiliated Exchanges and To... permanent the pilot program that permits the Exchange to accept inbound orders routed by Archipelago...

  3. 78 FR 30372 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-22

    ... accounting agent for the Fund. According to the Exchange, the Adviser is not affiliated with a broker-dealer...-Adviser will utilize various fundamental and technical research techniques in security selection. In... regular fundamental and technical risk management review. The equity securities in which the Fund may...

  4. 77 FR 9277 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-16

    ... and the Tracking Order Tier 1 Credit for ETP Holders and Market Makers February 10, 2012. Pursuant to... credit for ETP Holders and Market Makers. The text of the proposed rule change is available at the... credit \\3\\ and the Tracking Order \\4\\ Tier 1 credit for ETP Holders and Market Makers. The credits are...

  5. 76 FR 34788 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-14

    ... Increase the Credit That Lead Market Makers Receive for Execution of Orders That Provide Undisplayed... requirements (ii) add a new volume tier and (iii) increase the credit that Lead Market Makers (``LMMs... to amend the Schedule to modify the structure of the transaction credits that it provides Lead Market...

  6. 78 FR 63261 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-23

    ...'') to conform references to certain Market Maker and Lead Market Maker (``LMM'') transaction credits to... Schedule to conform references to certain Market Maker and LMM transaction credits to the transaction.... The Exchange recently amended the Fee Schedule to reduce the credit for the base Market Maker monthly...

  7. 78 FR 60358 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    ... Schedule (``Fee Schedule'') to include an additional Market Maker monthly posting credit tier. The Exchange... Exchange proposes to amend the Fee Schedule to include an additional Market Maker monthly posting credit... currently offers two Market Maker monthly posting credit tiers applicable to posted electronic Market Maker...

  8. 77 FR 7643 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of a Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-13

    ... variety of U.S. and non-U.S. markets. The Adviser's allocation strategy will establish a target allocation... allocation strategy will establish a target asset allocation for the Fund and the Adviser then will implement... multiple asset classes in a variety of domestic and foreign markets. The Adviser's allocation strategy will...

  9. 76 FR 53004 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change by NYSE...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-24

    ... asset allocation strategy pre-determines a target mix of investment types for the Fund to achieve its... desired investment types. The strategy also calls for periodic review of the Fund's holdings as markets... approximately 75.4% of the global equity market. The Index includes the largest securities in the Russell...

  10. 76 FR 76205 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-06

    .... markets. The Adviser's allocation strategy will establish a target allocation for the Fund and the Adviser... in a variety of domestic and foreign markets. The Adviser's asset allocation strategy will establish a target asset allocation for the Fund and the Adviser then will implement the strategy by selecting...

  11. 78 FR 51796 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-21

    ... appropriate level of data and fees for the professional and non- professional users they are servicing. The... the order book, trade execution, core market data, and non-core market data are joint products of a... discussions and the arguments therein. The Exchange also notes that the economics literature confirms that...

  12. 78 FR 51758 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; NYSE MKT LLC; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-21

    ... limitation and voting limitation, such person must deliver notice of such person's intention to own or vote... books and records of any of the U.S. Regulated Subsidiaries; and (2) the self-regulatory function of the... information) contained in the books and records of the European Market Subsidiaries, and not use such...

  13. 76 FR 49818 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-11

    ... Exchange's Consolidated Book. \\5\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 64688 (June 16, 2011), 76 FR... equal to the NBBO and if there are no Customer Orders in the Exchange's Consolidated Book at the same... of participants in mergers or with intentions to merge that have been announced or cancelled; and (f...

  14. 78 FR 61433 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-03

    ... will issue a Trader Notice to make clear that the ``substantially all'' language is meant to permit the... Cross-Asset Tier if the Exchange determines, in its sole discretion, that the ETP Holder has failed to...

  15. 78 FR 39352 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-01

    ..., directors and employees to agree and consent in writing to the applicability to them of these jurisdictional... substantial part on the current NYSE Euronext Certificate and Bylaws, will reflect a simplified and more... informed NYSE Euronext that it expects the derivatives business of LAM will be gradually transitioned to...

  16. 76 FR 52037 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-19

    ... inverse multiple of the daily performance of the Dow Jones-UBS Natural Gas Sub-Index, the benchmark index for each of the Funds (``Benchmark'' or ``Index''). The Index, which is comprised of New York... indices; futures contracts; options on futures contracts; forward contracts; equity caps, collars and...

  17. 76 FR 61463 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-04

    ... recommended that the markets consider replacing the Dow Jones Industrial Average (``DJIA'') with the S&P 500[reg] Index (``S&P 500''), revising the 10%, 20%, and 30% decline percentages, reducing the length of..., as noted by the Committee, using an index that correlates closely with derivative products, such as...

  18. 76 FR 28483 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-17

    ... performance of the benchmark index for each of the Funds (the ``Benchmark'' or ``Index''), the Dow Jones-UBS... Dow Jones & Company, Inc. (``Dow Jones'' or ``Index Provider'') and CME Group Inc. (``CME Group... index-related services to CME Indexes. Dow Jones also maintains a Code of Conduct applicable to all...

  19. 78 FR 33869 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-05

    ... a stock leg. The text of the proposed rule change is available on the Exchange's Web site at www... consistent with the rules of the stock execution venue, and sets out the priority ranking used by Exchange...-to-one (3.00) and for the purpose of executing a particular investment strategy. Exchange Options...

  20. 77 FR 44291 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-27

    ... Equities Rule 5.2(j)(3), the Exchange's listing standards for Investment Company Units (``Units''). The... assets (plus the amount of any borrowings for investment purposes) in common stocks included in the Index...) under the Exchange Act, shall be NMS Stocks as defined in Rule 600 of Regulation NMS under the Exchange...

  1. 77 FR 64153 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-18

    ... factors, such as the movement of a particular stock or stock index), forward foreign currency exchange... business days (i.e., each day the New York Stock Exchange (``NYSE'') is open) for additions and deletions... outstanding voting stock of any one investment company, (ii) 5% of the Fund's total assets with respect to any...

  2. 78 FR 35340 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of a Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ... with Inventory, 86 J. FIN. ECON. 513, 513 (2007); and Narayan Y. Naik & Pradeep K. Yadav, Trading Costs... Liquidity, Asset Prices, and Welfare, 95 J. FIN. ECON. 107, 109 (2010); Wen Mao & Michael S. Pagano..., that the rules of a national securities exchange be designed to promote just and equitable principles...

  3. 77 FR 19397 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ... Change will clarify the corporate structure of the Exchange, which will promote just and equitable... effect the Combination and to amend certain provisions of the organizational and other governance... particular, in that it is designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just...

  4. 76 FR 42759 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-19

    ... ``Act''),\\7\\ in general, and Section 6(b)(5) of the Act,\\8\\ in particular, in that it is designed to... Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission's Internet website ( http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml ). Copies...

  5. 78 FR 34679 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-10

    ... proposed rule change is available on the Exchange's website at www.nyse.com , at the principal office of..., and furthers the objectives of Section 6(b)(5) of the Act \\7\\ in particular, in that it is designed to... included on the subject line if e-mail is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments...

  6. 75 FR 65539 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-25

    ... the assets of a trust, partnership, limited liability company, corporation or other similar entity... and/or securities rather than solely in the assets of a trust, partnership, limited liability company... liability company, corporation or other similar entity constituted as a commodity pool that holds...

  7. 77 FR 59995 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    ... employee of an OTP Firm limited liability company who is a manager or a principal executive officer of such limited liability company, or (4) a general partner in an OTP Firm partnership; each of these persons must... person who is a partner, officer, director, member of a limited liability company, trustee of a business...

  8. 76 FR 24548 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-02

    ... securities at fair value as determined in good faith using methods approved by the Funds' Board of Trustees... Corporation, the Federal Financing Bank, the Student Loan Marketing Association, the National Credit Union... change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: Electronic...

  9. 78 FR 15080 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-08

    ... implied volatility of 50. A limit order to pay $32 for 10 is entered resulting in a new market of $32.00... market-wide trading halt due to extraordinary market volatility. The Exchange proposes to adopt new Rule... An NYSE Amex Market Maker is offering 100 contracts at $15. Another NYSE Amex Market Maker enters an...

  10. 75 FR 39076 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change by NYSE Arca, Inc...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-07

    ... experienced volatility on May 6, 2010, including ETFs, should be included in the pilot. The Exchange agrees... existing 10% price movement applicable before invoking a trading pause would be appropriate for the Russell 1000 securities. Because the Exchange does not propose to modify the 10% price movement at this time...

  11. 77 FR 1969 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-12

    ... reasons. The Exchange believes that it is a more straightforward way to communicate floating volume tiers... Rates'' at http://www.nasdaqtrader.com/Trader.aspx?id=PriceListTrading2#rebates , and EDGX Exchange Fee... SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34-66115; File No. SR-NYSEArca-2011-101] Self...

  12. 78 FR 11261 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-15

    ... to amend the Exchange's Fee Schedule to introduce a new electronic Customer rate of $0.67 per... class is not currently dependent on the account type of the counterparty. The Exchange proposes to... (5). The Exchange believes that the proposed change is reasonable because the proposed rate, which...

  13. 78 FR 62923 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ... Organization's Statement of the Terms of the Substance of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange proposes to add... price is established by selling one Jan 20 for 2.10 and buying one Jan 25 for 1.05). The Filter will... NBBO for the same strategy is offered at 3.20 (this price is established by selling one Jan 20 for 5.30...

  14. 77 FR 42052 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Instituting...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-17

    ... Gary L. Gastineau, Managing Member, ETF Consultants LLC, dated June 11, 2012 (``ETF Consultants Letter..., NASDAQ would allocate available MQP Market Maker registrations in a first-come-first-served fashion based...

  15. 75 FR 71773 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-24

    ... financial holding company (``FHC'') or a company treated as an FHC under the Bank Holding Company Act of... Change Expanding the Delta Hedging Exemption Available for Equity Options Position Limits and Adopting a Delta Hedging Exemption From Certain Index Options Position Limits November 18, 2010. Pursuant to...

  16. 78 FR 39810 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-02

    ... from being able to effectively use the Fund as a way to indirectly invest in the global commodity.... Agricultural. Energy: Crude Oil WTI/Global Spot. NYMEX Flat 9.88 Flat 9.72 Crude Oil Brent/Global ICE-UK Long........ NYMEX Flat 6.81 Flat 6.70 Heating Oil 2/ NYMEX Long 6.91 Long 6.79 Fuel Oil. Gasoline Blendstock...

  17. 78 FR 44609 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-24

    ... interest, each Fund's investment returns should be the same as those of the corresponding Portfolio... with the Commission as an open-end management investment company.\\5\\ SSgA Funds Management, Inc. (the ``Adviser'' or ``SSgA FM'') will serve as the investment adviser to the Funds. State Street Global Markets...

  18. 76 FR 9843 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-22

    ... the return on a risk free component. Because each Fund will seek to achieve its daily investment... certain functions and duties relating to distribution, compliance of sales and marketing materials, and... return, positive or negative, between the corresponding sub- indexes constructed from futures contracts...

  19. 78 FR 20164 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Response to Comments Submitted After the Issuance...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    ... the economy; and (3) promote ``speculative swings of a commodity price not related to supply/ demand... Rule Change as Modified by Amendment No. 1 To List and Trade Shares of the JPM XF Physical Copper Trust...\\ a proposed rule change to list and trade shares (``Shares'') of the JPM XF Physical Copper Trust...

  20. 77 FR 61803 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-11

    ... daily volume (``CADV''): Company name Symbol Cisco Systems, Inc CSCO Dell Inc DELL Facebook, Inc FB... Room, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 10 a.m...

  1. 78 FR 9985 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-12

    ... Symbol Cisco Systems, Inc CSCO Dell Inc DELL Facebook, Inc FB Intel Corporation INTC Microsoft... Reference Room, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 10:00...

  2. 78 FR 31623 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-24

    ... Complex Order in the Complex Order Book, and one of the legs qualifies for Obvious Error treatment under... Complex Order trades with another Complex Order in the Complex Order Book where one leg qualifies for the... its current practice for handling situations in which a Complex Order trades with individual orders or...

  3. 78 FR 54715 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-05

    ...), (ii) based on a price quotation or other equivalent indication of value supplied by an exchange, a pricing service, or a major market maker (or dealer) or (iii) based on amortized cost.\\11\\ The Adviser may... based on such pricing service's valuation matrix may be considered a market valuation. Valuations with...

  4. 77 FR 42533 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-19

    ... corporate governance documents.\\8\\ \\7\\ See Section 3(a)(27) of the Act, 15 U.S.C. 78c(a)(27). \\8\\ See... Bylaws, along with other corporate documents, are rules of the Exchange \\7\\ and must be filed with the... Corporate Structure and Deletion of Duplicative or Obsolete Text The proposed rule changes reflect the...

  5. 75 FR 14217 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-24

    ... of series being out-of-the-money. For example, a market participant might have a long position in a... multiplier). Because the instant rule change would allow trading below $0.01 per share (or $1.00 per option contract with a 100 share multiplier), the procedures would be made available for all classes, including...

  6. 78 FR 77536 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-23

    ... underlying security that results in a large number of series being out- of-the-money. For example, a market... option contract with a 100 share multiplier). Because the temporary procedures allow trading below $0.01 per share (or $1.00 per option contract with a 100 share multiplier), the procedures are available for...

  7. 75 FR 77930 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-14

    ... recent market conditions which had resulted in a significant number of series being out-of-the-money. For....01 per share (or $1.00 per option contract with a 100 share multiplier). Because the instant rule... multiplier), the procedures would be made available for all classes, including those classes participating in...

  8. 77 FR 30574 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-23

    ...-money. For example, a market participant might have a long position in a call series with a strike price... increment as low as $0.01 per share (or $1.00 per option contract with a 100 share multiplier). Because the... multiplier), the procedures are available for all classes, including those classes participating in the Penny...

  9. 76 FR 27122 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-10

    ... recent market conditions which have resulted in a significant number of series being out-of-the-money... as $0.01 per share (or $1.00 per option contract with a 100 share multiplier). Because the temporary procedures allow trading below $0.01 per share (or $1.00 per option contract with a 100 share multiplier...

  10. 76 FR 10073 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-23

    ..., primarily China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, South Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, and... par value traded to be considered as an eligible investment. Economic and other conditions in Asia may... will change from time to time in response to economic events and changes to the credit ratings of the...

  11. 76 FR 23849 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-28

    ... indexes.\\4\\ \\4\\ For example, CBOE calculates the CBOE Gold ETF Volatility Index (``GVZ''), which is based on the VIX methodology applied to options on the SPDR Gold Trust (``GLD''). The current filing would... less), as well as for other exchange-traded fund (``ETF'') options. See Rule 6.4, Commentary .05...

  12. 77 FR 75468 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Amendment No. 1 and Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-20

    ... attempted manipulation of the price of any commodity in interstate commerce and to adopt rules to prevent... attempts; CFTC Rule 180.2 addresses the elements of price-based manipulation and attempted manipulation... Tape trading volume, closing prices, and NAV for the Shares from the previous day.\\41\\ In addition...

  13. 78 FR 78426 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To Adopt...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-26

    ... manipulation.\\44\\ The Exchange anticipates monitoring the secondary market price for shares of an ETP during...); and (C) was quoting an offer (bid) of at least 100 shares at a price at or within 1.2% of the CP's... certain maximum width and minimum depth thresholds based on daily share volume and share price, as set...

  14. 77 FR 67417 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-09

    ... fee cap would eliminate the incentive for market participants to effect such executions on the... discriminatory because it would apply equally to all market participants and because the remaining Strategy... elimination of the $750 fee cap would eliminate the incentive for market participants to effect such...

  15. 77 FR 68163 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-15

    ... Marketing Charge of $0.65 currently applies to LMM and Market Maker transactions against Customers. The... applicable to manual transactions in non-Penny Pilot issues, except that, as proposed, Marketing Charges..., Broker Dealer and Customer electronic executions would become ``N/A'' with respect to standard executions...

  16. 77 FR 9278 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-16

    ...-Cancel orders, which are liquidity removing in nature. Maintain a ratio of executed liquidity adding... and promote liquidity on the Exchange. The Exchange does not propose to make any changes to the... share for executed orders that provide liquidity to the Book for Tape A, Tape B and Tape C securities...

  17. 78 FR 41154 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-09

    ...., maintaining a ratio of executed Routable Order provide liquidity to total executed orders of 75% or more... Credits for Certain Mid-Point Passive Liquidity Orders, Add Two New Tiers Applicable to Transactions in...-Point Passive Liquidity (``MPL'') Orders, (ii) add two new tiers applicable to transactions in Tape B...

  18. 77 FR 28411 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-14

    ... over their Baseline Month providing liquidity. Additionally, if a firm's ratio of Tape C Baseline ADV... liquidity from the Book to pay a reduced fee of $0.0029 per share if they directly execute providing volume... Holders' and Market Makers' total providing liquidity in Tape A, Tape B, and Tape C Securities increasing...

  19. 77 FR 47905 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-10

    ...-or-Cancel orders, and (3) maintain a ratio of executed liquidity adding volume-to-total volume of... of CADV, ratio of cancelled orders to total orders and ratio of executed liquidity adding volume-to... ratio of executed liquidity adding volume to total volume of greater than 80%, which is the same ratio...

  20. 77 FR 15819 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-16

    ... to the Book that (1) provide liquidity of 0.60% or more of the US CADV, (2) maintain a ratio of... ratio of executed liquidity adding volume to total volume of greater than 50%. In addition, the Exchange... Schedule (``Fee Schedule'') to (i) Increase the fee for Mid-Point Passive Liquidity (``MPL'') orders...

  1. 78 FR 77765 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-24

    ... kilowatts (``kWs'') of power.\\7\\ Consistent with existing pricing for dedicated cabinets, the Exchange would... power or limited cabinet space, as compared to pricing for a dedicated cabinet, whereas a dedicated...,500 per eight-rack unit. The monthly recurring fee would be $1,500 for one kW of allocated power and...

  2. 78 FR 47467 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-05

    ... NMS, the Commission granted self-regulatory organizations and broker-dealers increased authority and... listings, trades, and market data itself, providing virtually limitless opportunities for entrepreneurs who...

  3. 77 FR 52769 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-30

    ... Commission granted self-regulatory organizations and broker-dealers increased authority and flexibility to... virtually limitless opportunities for entrepreneurs who wish to produce and distribute their own market data...

  4. 76 FR 69311 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-08

    ...'') and broker-dealers increased authority and flexibility to offer new and unique market data to..., providing virtually limitless opportunities for entrepreneurs who wish to produce and distribute their own...

  5. 77 FR 42529 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-19

    ... discriminatory because it will provide a convenient and easy- to-administer way for a television broadcaster to..., trades, and market data itself, providing virtually limitless opportunities for entrepreneurs who wish to... on television at a more economical and easier to administer fee would encourage more television...

  6. 78 FR 20986 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-08

    ... the demand for a more seamless and easier-to- administer data distribution model that takes into... data itself, providing virtually limitless opportunities for entrepreneurs who wish to produce and...

  7. 77 FR 58433 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Proposes...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-20

    ... for market participants risk management needs in a stock. In these situations, the Exchange [[Page... unable to add additional series to tailor the risk management needs of market participants in the stock... term strikes to effectively manage their risk in the underlying stock, CROX. Because of the current...

  8. 77 FR 50743 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-22

    ... multiples of six (e.g., six, twelve, eighteen or twenty-four cross connects). The Exchange proposes to... monthly to furnish and install one cross connect between cabinets. For a bundle of six cross connects, the... fees charged for a particular product, service or piece of equipment. In light of the Exchange's...

  9. 75 FR 6740 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-10

    ... ProShares UltraShort QQQ. 200 CAL Continental Airlines Inc. 149 SHLD Sears Holdings Corp. 211 CF CF... XTO Energy Inc. 213 JWN Nordstrom Inc. 130 YRCW YRC Worldwide Inc. 137 KFT Kraft Foods Inc. 2...

  10. 78 FR 10222 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ... in money market instruments (including other funds that invest exclusively in money market instruments). These investments in money market instruments may be as part of a temporary defensive strategy... instrument investments, the Fund may, without limitation, seek to obtain market exposure to the securities in...

  11. 76 FR 34112 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-10

    ... market conditions. The Fund may also invest in short-term Money Market Securities (as defined below... Market Securities. The Fund intends to invest in Money Market Securities in order to help manage cash... instruments. For these purposes, Money Market Securities include: short-term, high-quality obligations issued...

  12. 76 FR 35062 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-15

    ... derivative instruments. All Money Market Securities acquired by the Fund will be rated investment grade. The Fund does not intend to invest in any unrated Money Market Securities. \\11\\ For these purposes, Money... 65% of the weight of the Fund. The Fund intends to invest in Money Market Securities \\11\\ in order to...

  13. 77 FR 20087 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-03

    ... the issuer or the guarantor of such money market instrument is organized under the laws of a non-U.S... developed and/or emerging market countries (one of which may be the United States). The Fund's holdings may include bonds issued by issuers in both developed and/or emerging market countries, and the Fund is...

  14. 77 FR 64160 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-18

    .... Secondary Investment Strategies The Fund may invest its remaining assets in money market instruments,\\12\\ including repurchase agreements \\13\\ or other funds which invest exclusively in money market instruments... managing cash flows.\\17\\ \\12\\ The Fund may invest a portion of its assets in high-quality money market...

  15. 76 FR 44966 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-27

    ... Income Securities, Money Market Securities, and derivative instruments held by the Fund. The Fund's Web... invest in Money Market Securities and derivative and other instruments, as described below. \\12\\ The term... shorter depending upon market conditions. The Fund may also invest in short-term Money Market Securities...

  16. 78 FR 4955 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-23

    ... agreements \\15\\ or other funds which invest exclusively in money market instruments, convertible securities... Fund may invest a portion of its assets in high-quality money market instruments on an ongoing basis to... international transactions. The Fund will not invest in money market instruments as part of a temporary...

  17. 77 FR 74719 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-17

    ... fees. In addition, the Exchange proposes to separate the take liquidity rate for electronic executions... participants equally. The Exchange believes that raising the take liquidity rate for NYSE Market Maker, Firm... significant contributions to market quality by providing higher volumes of liquidity. The Exchange believes...

  18. 77 FR 43408 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-24

    ... fees and credits, Tiered or Basic Rates would apply based on a firm's qualifying levels. The Exchange... receive a higher credit for such executions. In contrast, the Exchange proposes permitting Investor Tier 3... an overall credit rate that is higher than that which is available under Investor Tiers 1 or 2. \\5...

  19. 77 FR 46539 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-03

    ... would already receive a higher credit for Retail Orders that provide liquidity on the Exchange. An ETP... additional Retail Orders to the Exchange for execution in order to qualify for an incrementally higher credit..., promoting market transparency and improving investor protection. The Exchange believes that the rate...

  20. Uptake and elimination of [9-14C]phenanthrene in the turkey wing mussel (Arca zebra)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Solbakken, J.E.; Knap, A.H.; Searle, C.E.; Palmork, K.H.

    1983-01-01

    Turkey wing mussels of both sexes were collected from Harrington Sound, Bermuda and dosed after a week-long acclimation period with [9- 14 C]phenanthrene (714 MBq/mmol). They were transferred into 8 liters of seawater containing 8 μg of labelled phenanthrene. Results show that the accumulation of labelled phenanthrene in the turkey wing mussel was very low compared to that found in other species. In the hepatopancreas, the uptake of phenanthrene based on the water concentration was only 4% of the corresponding value found in the calico clam (Macrocallista maculata) inhabiting the same area. In comparison, the uptake of phenanthrene in a temperate mollusc such as the horse mussel (Modiola modiolus) was also considerably higher than in the turkey wing (approx. 4 times). It therefore seems likely that these are due to species variations rather than environmental variations between subtropical and temperate areas

  1. 78 FR 75423 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-11

    ... substantially the same as a direct investment in a foreign currency- denominated instrument. For hedging... Securities.\\19\\ Foreign government securities may include direct obligations, as well as obligations... such investments (to the extent used to cover the Fund's net exposure under the forward foreign...

  2. 77 FR 61453 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-09

    ... market country. Foreign debt securities include direct investments in non-U.S. dollar-denominated debt... for economic growth and increased capital market participation by foreign investors. The Investment... sufficiently liquid at the time of investment.\\13\\ Foreign government obligations may include debt obligations...

  3. 77 FR 23772 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-20

    ... been inconsistent suppliers of copper since the mid-1970s due to political and social instability...) financial stability, (3) consumer protection, and (4) reduction of financial crime. The LME is approved as a...

  4. 77 FR 14048 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-08

    ... taxation, adverse changes in investment or exchange control regulations, political instability, which could... principal stability than is typically available in a portfolio of lower-rated longer-term, fixed income...

  5. 75 FR 66815 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-29

    ... Change Relating to the Listing of the iShares[supreg] Taxable Municipal Bond Fund October 25, 2010... Equities Rule 5.2(j)(3), Commentary .02, the following series of the iShares[supreg] Trust: iShares[supreg] Taxable Municipal Bond Fund. The text of the proposed rule change is available at the Exchange, the...

  6. 75 FR 11216 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-10

    ..., 2009) (SR-NYSEArca-2009-83) (order approving listing of Grail American Beacon International Equity ETF... appreciation above international benchmarks, such as the BNY Mellon Classic ADR Index and the MSCI EAFE Index... process include demographics, global commerce, outsourcing, the growing global middle class and the...

  7. 75 FR 37498 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-29

    ..., 2009) (SR-NYSEArca-2009-83) (order approving listing of Grail American Beacon International Equity ETF... international benchmarks such as the BNY Mellon Classic ADR Index, the Fund's primary benchmark, and the MSCI... incorporated in the Portfolio Managers' investment process include demographics, global commerce, outsourcing...

  8. 77 FR 27817 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-11

    ... its parent company or its affiliates. See id. \\9\\ See email from Tim Malinowski, Senior Director, NYSE... IIV is no longer calculated or available as required. \\17\\ See email from Tim Malinowski, Senior...

  9. 75 FR 38576 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change by NYSE Arca, Inc. To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ... were to be made available on the proxy card) must immediately tender his or her resignation from the.... Under the proposed amendment to the Bylaws, the proxy card would change for an uncontested election, and... director's election (with ``abstentions'' not counted as a vote cast either ``for'' or ``against'' such...

  10. 78 FR 41145 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-09

    ... remaining assets in U.S. government securities, money market instruments (including repurchase agreements...-term, high quality U.S. Treasury Securities, money market instruments, cash, and cash equivalent... circumstances, may invest no more than 20% of its net assets in other investments such as money market...

  11. 77 FR 69677 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Changes...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-20

    ... executive officer of such limited liability company, or (4) a general partner in an OTP Firm partnership...). \\7\\ ``OTP Firm'' means a sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, or... Firms. \\13\\ An ``ETP Holder'' is a sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, limited liability...

  12. 77 FR 34117 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-08

    ... market funds, bank deposits, bank money market accounts, certain variable rate-demand notes, and...- income or similar securities (including shares of money market funds, bank deposits, bank money market...\\ Currently, it is the Exchange's understanding that several major market data vendors display and/or make...

  13. 77 FR 1761 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-11

    ... securities and money market instruments include shares of other mutual funds, commercial paper, certificates... such as Bloomberg or Reuters. \\18\\ The Exchange states that it understands that several major market... intent of profiting from the least promising sectors of U.S. large capitalization broad market securities...

  14. 76 FR 72474 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-23

    ..., macroeconomic and technical factors influencing stock returns. The SectorSAM process creates a basket of factors... every 15 seconds during the Core Trading Session.\\20\\ \\20\\ Currently, it is the Exchange's understanding...

  15. 78 FR 21436 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-10

    ... month per device, which may be counted, at the election of the vendor based on the number of... decision of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in NetCoalition v. SEC...Exchange Inc. had been abandoned, Assistant Attorney General Christine Varney stated that exchanges...

  16. 78 FR 11245 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-15

    ... Statement, corporate debt securities are fixed-income securities issued by businesses to finance their....P. (``Distributor'') will be the principal underwriter and distributor of the Fund's Shares. Brown... domestic debt instruments, including corporate bonds, high yield bonds, convertible securities, and...

  17. 77 FR 76148 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ..., corporate debt securities are fixed-income securities issued by businesses to finance their operations....nyse.com , at the principal office of the Exchange, and at the Commission's Public Reference Room. II... principal underwriter and distributor of the Fund's Shares. Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. (``Administrator...

  18. 77 FR 50746 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-22

    ....\\14\\ Additionally, the Exchange represents that there is no differentiation among Users regarding the fees charged for a particular product, service or piece of equipment. In light of the Exchange's...

  19. 78 FR 60361 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    ... intended to address any other issues, and the Exchange is not aware of any problems that OTP Holders or OTP... competitors are free to modify their own fees and credits in response, and because market participants may...

  20. 75 FR 70048 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-16

    ... Exchange's trading and execution systems.\\5\\ The Exchange plans to offer these co-location services... cabinet space. Specifically, Users may reserve cabinet space of up to 30% of the cabinet space under...% measurement results in a fractional cabinet, the cabinet count is adjusted up to the next increment.) If...

  1. 77 FR 35089 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-12

    ... credits for electronic executions of posted Customer liquidity in Penny Pilot issues and to amend the fees... in Penny Pilot issues: Tier Qualification basis (average electronic executions per day) ** Credit... SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34-67143; File No. SR-NYSEArca-2012-52] Self...

  2. 78 FR 7828 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-04

    ... credits for electronic executions in Penny Pilot issues. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 68405... Posting Credits January 29, 2013. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) \\1\\ of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934... qualification thresholds for tiered Customer \\4\\ posting credits for electronic executions in Penny Pilot issues...

  3. 75 FR 62905 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of a Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-13

    ... of high yield debt securities, which include senior and subordinated corporate debt obligations (such... banks, corporations and other entities to finance short- term credit needs. These securities generally..., rather than just traditional credit analysis. Through fundamental and valuation analysis, the Sub-Advisor...

  4. 77 FR 62303 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-12

    ... attendant therewith, may dissuade investors from using SPY options when they can instead use an SPX option... own account or for the account of a customer, must report information, in a manner and form prescribed... surrounding the use of options. The Exchange understands that the Commission, when considering the appropriate...

  5. 78 FR 76367 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-17

    ... barriers between itself and its broker dealer affiliate; (ii) the use of unallocated gold accounts by other... facilities of the Consolidated Tape Association (``CTA''). Investors may obtain gold pricing information.... Investors may obtain on a 24-hour basis gold pricing information based on the spot price for a Fine Ounce of...

  6. 75 FR 26304 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change by NYSE Arca, Inc...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-11

    ... Euronext Audit Committee. To make the practices of the Exchange consistent with the company- wide corporate... Exchange consistent with the company- wide corporate practices of the Company, the Exchange is now... resource and compensation committee, and a nominating and governance committee, each consisting solely of...

  7. 78 FR 21650 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-11

    ... corporate governance documents.\\8\\ \\7\\ See Section 3(a)(27) of the Act, 15 U.S.C. 78c(a)(27). \\8\\ The..., along with other corporate documents, are rules of the Exchange \\7\\ and must be filed with the... designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just and equitable...

  8. 76 FR 8388 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-14

    .... The Bank of New York Mellon Corporation is the administrator, Fund accountant, transfer agent and... policies, distributions and taxes, availability of information, trading rules and halts, and surveillance...

  9. 78 FR 66973 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-07

    ... the administrator, accountant, custodian and transfer agent for the Fund (``Administrator,'' ``Accountant,'' ``Custodian'' and ``Transfer Agent,'' respectively). \\4\\ A Managed Fund Share is a security... expenses, dividends, distributions, taxes, risks, and reports to be distributed to beneficial owners of the...

  10. 77 FR 35097 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-12

    ... redemption procedures, fees, portfolio holdings, disclosure policies, distributions, and taxes can be found... calculated by the Trust's fund accountant and determined as of the close of the regular trading session on...

  11. 78 FR 71016 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-27

    ... Method of Billing When More Than One Pricing Tier Could Be Applicable November 21, 2013. Pursuant to... specify the method of billing when more than one pricing tier could be applicable. The Exchange proposes... 1. Purpose The Exchange proposes to specify the method of billing when more than one pricing tier...

  12. 76 FR 52998 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change by NYSE...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-24

    ... Singapore. Each of the United Kingdom's primary financial markets regulator, the Financial Services... Singapore's primary financial markets regulator, the Monetary Authority of Singapore, are signatories to the... consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: Electronic Comments Use...

  13. 75 FR 82106 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-29

    .... Treasury futures markets. The Benchmark consists of U.S. listed futures contracts on sixteen tangible..., coffee, cocoa, cotton, and sugar. The eight financial futures contracts are on: the Australian dollar... contracts included in the Benchmark. In addition, the Fund may invest in money market instruments with...

  14. 75 FR 25009 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-06

    ... Items have been prepared by the self-regulatory organization. The Commission is publishing this notice...\\ 15 U.S.C. 78a. \\3\\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4. I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of....sec.gov and at the Commission's Public Reference Room. II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of...

  15. 75 FR 20030 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-16

    ... have been prepared by the self-regulatory organization. The Commission is publishing this notice to....C. 78a. \\3\\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4. I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance... Commission's Public Reference Room. II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and...

  16. 75 FR 27609 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-17

    ... have been prepared by the self-regulatory organization. The Commission is publishing this notice to....C. 78a. \\3\\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4. I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance... Reference Room. II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the...

  17. 75 FR 63233 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-14

    ..., which Items have been prepared by the self-regulatory organization. The Commission is publishing this...). \\2\\ 15 U.S.C. 78a. \\3\\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4. I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of...'s Web site at http://www.nyse.com . II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of...

  18. 78 FR 40786 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-08

    ..., and the backup datacenter has not yet been utilized for disaster recovery. The Exchange notes that the..., including costs based on gateway software and hardware enhancements and resources dedicated to gateway... efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission's Internet...

  19. 76 FR 27114 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-10

    ... and discount brokerage firms. These firms have few registered representatives and thus pay very little in RR Fees compared to full service brokerage firms that have many registered representatives... (``ORF'') of $0.004 per contract.\\5\\ As described below, this fee would be assessed by the Exchange on...

  20. 77 FR 38877 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-29

    ... activity (measured in terms of contract volume per quarter) in classes within its appointment. Commentary... options in which they do not hold an appointment in other than a floor brokerage capacity, they must... contracts outside of their appointment, market makers should not engage in transactions for an account in...

  1. 76 FR 75926 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-05

    ... Fund so as to provide investors with a higher degree of principal stability than is typically available... instability which could affect U.S. investments in foreign countries, and potential restrictions of the flow... disaster, an economic event like a bankruptcy filing, a trading halt in a security, an unscheduled early...

  2. 77 FR 63362 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-16

    ... system that a Professional End-User develops internally, a server- based market data application that.... Professional End-User \\5\\ Fee \\5\\ A Professional End-User is a person or entity that receives market data from... Professional End-User is not permitted to redistribute that market data to any person or entity outside of its...

  3. 77 FR 61804 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-11

    ... must maintain a minimum par amount greater than or equal to $2 million as of each rebalancing date. All... account for at least 75% of the weight of the index or portfolio each shall have a minimum original... rebalancing date. All bonds in the 2019 Index will mature between June 1 and August 31 of 2019. When a bond...

  4. 78 FR 69493 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-19

    ... the cap would remedy this issue. Currently, the Exchange lists quarterly expiration options on six... paragraph (iv) during the financial crisis in 2008. The amendment was in response to requests for lower..., and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the [[Page 69496...

  5. 78 FR 74208 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-10

    ... systemically enforced narrow-width bid-ask differential applicable to the auction process. Since the time of... narrow-width NBBO is received from OPRA. This is a systemic solution which renders the rules-based narrow...

  6. 78 FR 48528 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change to Amend...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ... to and system coding for exchange systems and would reduce the systemic and administrative burdens on... the Affiliated Exchange enforce the Exchange's rules. The Exchange believes that adding NYSE MKT to...

  7. 76 FR 33383 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-08

    ... orderly market. Rule 501 generally deals with the process of applying for approval as a specialist that... Arca, Inc. (``NYSE Arca''). Only electronic options trading is done on other exchanges, such as the... would deal predominantly with the Remote Specialist application process and Rule 1020 would deal with...

  8. Los medios de comunicación y el Arca de Noè: la sociología del futuro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fermín Bouza

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Construction of modernity brings a new individualism and a constant presence of the media. The new individuals are giving the construction of the public agenda to the media, who interpret the theory of ongoing economic crisis, which has forced us to rethink the economic and political order. The metaphor of Noah’s Ark is used to visualize a situation where we must seriously begin to choose what to keep of the current scrap. The sociology of the future, as the Ark, should evaluate this modern history and help build a possible plan for a livable future.

  9. Coronary intervention in anomalous origin of the right coronary artery (ARCA from the left sinus of valsalva (LSOV: A single center experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalaichelvan Uthayakumaran

    2014-07-01

    Conclusion: PCI of anomalous RCA origin from LSOV requires appropriate guide catheter selection according to the anatomy of origin for successful cannulation and to reduce the contrast usage and radiation exposure.

  10. Prevalence of etravirine (ETR)-RAMs at NNRTI failure and predictors of resistance to ETR in a large Italian resistance database (ARCA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusconi, S; Adorni, F; Bruzzone, B; Di Biagio, A; Meini, G; Callegaro, A; Punzi, G; Boeri, E; Pecorari, M; Monno, L; Gianotti, N; Butini, L; Galli, L; Polilli, E; Galli, M

    2013-10-01

    The prevalence of drug resistance associated with the failure of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-based regimens and the predictors of resistance to Etravirine (ETR) were assessed in 2854 subjects: 39 Monogram (MGR) >3, Tibotec (TBT) >2 and enhanced MGR (ENH) ≥4) emerged in the paediatric population. Multivariate analysis revealed an increased risk of developing TBT >2 for NNRTI exposure, ENH ≥4 for NNRTI and EFV exposure in paediatric subjects; NVP exposure and higher (≥3.5 log10) HIV-RNA values for all three algorithms in adult subjects, whereas CD4 ≥ 200/μL appeared to be protective. The risk of being ETR resistant was more than doubled for paediatric vs. adult subjects, probably due to a more extensive use of NNRTI and an incomplete virological control. © 2013 The Authors Clinical Microbiology and Infection © 2013 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.

  11. 78 FR 35330 - Order Granting a Limited Exemption from Rule 102 of Regulation M Concerning the NYSE Arca, Inc.'s...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ... Milken Institute Law Teaching Fellow, University of California, Los Angeles, dated April 26, 2013. The... Incentive Program shall issue a press release to the public, in a form and manner prescribed by the Exchange, when it commences participation or ceases to participate in the Incentive Program.\\12\\ Such press...

  12. A Educação Médica entre mapas e âncoras: a aprendizagem significativa de David Ausubel, em busca da Arca Perdida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréia Patrícia Gomes

    Full Text Available O processo de aprendizagem tem motivado, desde a Antigüidade, intensos debates. Dentre as diferentes teorias propostas tem ganho relevância, nos séculos XX e XXI, a concepção cognitivista de David Ausubel, na qual se assume que os mecanismos do aprender são mais eficientes em situações nas quais o estudante consegue, utilizando conhecimentos prévios, agregar e incorporar significado aos novos conteúdos, evitando-se, assim, que esse conhecimento recém-incorporado seja armazenado, por meio de associações ineptas, à estrutura cognitiva. No âmbito da educação médica, diante das imperiosas mudanças necessárias para a formação de um profissional que aprenda a aprender, a aprendizagem significativa permite uma genuína contextualização dos conhecimentos necessários à prática médica, facultando, portanto, um aprendizado mais efetivo e permitindo a atuação em um contexto complexo e interdisciplinar. Em conformidade com o exposto, o presente manuscrito objetiva apresentar a teoria da aprendizagem significativa, discutindo elementos da incorporação deste conceito à educação médica.

  13. Modification of working parameters for routine determination of trace elemental impurities in PuO2 samples by direct current arc-AES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pant, D.K.; Phadke, M.P.; Dapolikar, T.T.; Kapur, H.N.; Kumar, Rajendra; Dubey, K.

    2015-01-01

    In the present work we have altered the parameters of routine method to determine the trace elemental impurities in PuO 2 samples using DC arc source optically coupled with CCD based spectrometer system. The method is basically a fractional distillation technique using DC arc source, involving ignition, dilution of the sample with U 3 O 8 containing carrier mixture, arcing of the sample/standard mixture in DC arc and measurement of analyte signals by spectrometer system. In all fifteen elemental impurities including Boron and Cadmium were determined. Detection limits are comparable with ICP-AES method. (author)

  14. Genetics Home Reference: autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia type 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Canada, but it has since been found in populations worldwide. Related Information What information about a genetic ... are involved in chemical signaling between nerve cells ( neurons ). SYNE1 gene mutations that cause ARCA1 result in ...

  15. Chromatographic study of element 104 in the system HCl/triisobutylphosphate (TBP)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guenther, R.; Paulus, W.; Kratz, J.V.; Seibert, A.; Thoerle, P.; Zauner, S. [Mainz Univ. (Germany); Bruechle, W.; Jaeger, E.; Schaedel, M.; Schausten, B. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Schumann, D. [Technische Univ. Dresden (Germany); Eichler, B.; Jost, D.T.; Tuerler, A.; Gaeggeler, H.W. [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)

    1997-09-01

    With the Automated Rapid Chemistry Apparatus ARCA chromatic experiments have been performed using the chemical system hydrochloric acid/tributylphosphate with element 104 (Rf). The results indicate that Rf behaves more like its homolog Hf. (author) 2 figs., 5 refs.

  16. Värske tuulepuhang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1997-01-01

    Tutvustatakse firma KE Ajakirjanduse OÜ kaudu tellitavaid ajakirju The Architectural Review (Inglise), de Architect (Hollandi), l'Arca (Itaalia), Detail (Saksa), Bauen (Saksa), Abitare (Itaalia), Case da Abitare (Itaalia), The World of Interiors (Inglise), Interior Design (Ameerika).

  17. 78 FR 48513 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE MKT LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To Adopt...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ... reduce the systemic and administrative burdens on market participants by avoiding the need for... enforce NYSE Arca rules, as the NYSE would do under its current rule. In sum, the Exchange believes that...

  18. La contabilidad ambiental y el impacto financiero de los costos ambientales para el desarrollo sostenible de la empresa multinacional de la industria de bebidas Coca Cola Company en el Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Castro Saavedra, Diego Gabriel; Ehmig Dillon, Gunther Pablo

    2014-01-01

    The present study aims to analyse the environmental accounting and the financial impact of the environmental costs for sustainable development of a multinational corporation within the beverage company such as Coca Cola Company in Ecuador. Since 2010, Coca Cola Company in Ecuador performs business operations under the name of Arca Ecuador, which is a part of the Mexican group Arca Continental that manages Coca Cola Brand in Mexico, Argentina and Ecuador. Sustainable development is part of the...

  19. A novel c.5308_5311delGAGA mutation in Senataxin in a Cypriot family with an autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zamba-Papanicolaou Eleni

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Senataxin (chromosome 9q34 was recently identified as the causative gene for an autosomal recessive form of Ataxia (ARCA, termed as Ataxia with Oculomotor Apraxia, type 2 (AOA2 and characterized by generalized incoordination, cerebellar atrophy, peripheral neuropathy, "oculomotor apraxia" and increased alpha-fetoprotein (AFP. Here, we report a novel Senataxin mutation in a Cypriot ARCA family. Methods We studied several Cypriot autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia (ARCA families for linkage to known ARCA gene loci. We linked one family (909 to the SETX locus on chromosome 9q34 and screened the proband for mutations by direct sequencing. Results Sequence analysis revealed a novel c.5308_5311delGAGA mutation in exon 11 of the SETX gene. The mutation has not been detected in 204 control chromosomes from the Cypriot population, the remaining Cypriot ARCA families and 37 Cypriot sporadic cerebellar ataxia patients. Conclusion We identified a novel SETX homozygous c.5308_5311delGAGA mutation that co-segregates with ARCA with cerebellar atrophy and raised AFP.

  20. Deracemization of Racemic Amino Acids Using (R)- and (S)-Alanine Racemase Chiral Analogues as Chiral Converters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Paik, Manjeong; Jeon, So Hee; Lee, Wonjae; Kang, Jong Seong; Kim, Kwan Mook

    2014-01-01

    Our findings show that both (R)- and (S)-ARCA can be practical chiral converters for L- and D-amino acids, respectively, in the deracemization of racemic amino acids. The overall stereoselectivities of both chiral converters are generally greater than 90%. In addition, we developed chiral and achiral HPLC methods for the analysis of stereoselectivity determination. This chromatographic method proved much more accurate and convenient at determining both enantiomer and diastereomer purity than did those previously reported. Deracemization is the stereoselective process of converting a racemate into either a pure enantiomer or a mixture in which one enantiomer is present in excess.1 Previous studies have shown that (S)-alanine racemase chiral analogue (ARCA) [(S)-2-hydroxy-2'-(3-phenyluryl-benzyl)-1,1'-binaphthyl-3-carboxaldehyde], developed as a chiral convertor compound that imitates the function of alanine racemase, plays an essential role in the stereoselective conversion of amino acid. Since (S)-ARCA showed a higher stability with D-amino acids than with L-amino acids, several L-amino acids were preferentially converted to D-amino acids via (S)-ARCA/D-amino acid imine diastereomer formation. For the deracemization process undertaken in this study, we utilized both (R)-ARCA and (S)-ARCA as chiral converters, which were expected to generate L- and D-amino acids, respectively, from the starting racemic mixtures

  1. Los flujos de efectivo en una economía monástica. Estudio del Arca de la Comunidad del Monasterio de Santa María la Real de Oseira (1614-1698

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Gallego Rodríguez

    2007-07-01

    Este artículo concluye con algunas reflexiones y un resumen de los resultados. Estos resultados nos muestran la idoneidad de la información financiera que suministra el libro de estados en función de los objetivos que presentaba el acto al que iba destinado -Capítulo General- y las decisiones que en él se tomaban. Así, el estudio prueba la vinculación entre el libro de estados y las obligaciones contributivas de la Congregación, facilitando la función de control sobre la gestión de la Media Anata en las abadías y la asignación de los repartimentos.

  2. Anesthesiologist- and System-Related Risk Factors for Risk-Adjusted Pediatric Anesthesia-Related Cardiac Arrest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zgleszewski, Steven E; Graham, Dionne A; Hickey, Paul R; Brustowicz, Robert M; Odegard, Kirsten C; Koka, Rahul; Seefelder, Christian; Navedo, Andres T; Randolph, Adrienne G

    2016-02-01

    Pediatric anesthesia-related cardiac arrest (ARCA) is an uncommon but potentially preventable adverse event. Infants and children with more severe underlying disease are at highest risk. We aimed to identify system- and anesthesiologist-related risk factors for ARCA. We analyzed a prospectively collected patient cohort data set of anesthetics administered from 2000 to 2011 to children at a large tertiary pediatric hospital. Pre-procedure systemic disease level was characterized by ASA physical status (ASA-PS). Two reviewers independently reviewed cardiac arrests and categorized their anesthesia relatedness. Factors associated with ARCA in the univariate analyses were identified for reevaluation after adjustment for patient age and ASA-PS. Cardiac arrest occurred in 142 of 276,209 anesthetics (incidence 5.1/10,000 anesthetics); 72 (2.6/10,000 anesthetics) were classified as anesthesia-related. In the univariate analyses, risk of ARCA was much higher in cardiac patients and for anesthesiologists with lower annual caseload and/or fewer annual days delivering anesthetics (all P risk adjustment for ASA-PS ≥ III and age ≤ 6 months, however, the association with lower annual days delivering anesthetics remained (P = 0.03), but the other factors were no longer significant. Case-mix explained most associations between higher risk of pediatric ARCA and anesthesiologist-related variables at our institution, but the association with fewer annual days delivering anesthetics remained. Our findings highlight the need for rigorous adjustment for patient risk factors in anesthesia patient safety studies.

  3. Diseño para la ampliación de la industria de cuadernos y agendas ARCAGRAF S. A. en la ciudad de Quito, planes y estrategias competitivas.

    OpenAIRE

    Clerque Acuña, Ana Soraya; Romo Noriega, Mauro Guillermo

    2005-01-01

    Mediante el presente estudio se determinó la viabilidad de la ampliación de la planta de cuadernos ArcaGraf S.A. la misma que pretende a través del aumento de su capacidad instalada ampliar su mercado brindando nuevos e innovadores productos. Este proyecto es una muestra palpable de los resultados de la gestión empresarial inculcada en la Universidad Politécnica Salesiana a través de la extinta incubadora de empresas, PYMES, gracias a la cual ArcaGraf S.A. tubo su origen y se m...

  4. Neutral pion production in heavy ion collisions at SIS-energies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sumbera, M.; Loehner, H.; Raschke, A.E.; Venema, L.B.; Wilschut, H.W.

    1993-01-01

    The production of π 0 mesons has been studied in the reactions 40 Ar+Ca and 197 Au+Au at 1.0 GeV/u. While the pion transverse momentum spectrum from the reaction Ar+Ca is consistent with a simple thermal exponential slope a second component is seen for the system Au+Au. Both neutral pions, neutrons and charged particles exhibit an anisotropy in the reaction plane azimuth. At midrapidity the emission of pions perpendicular to the reaction plane increases with their energy. (orig.)

  5. Cerebellar Ataxia and Coenzyme Q Deficiency Through Loss of Unorthodox Kinase Activity

    OpenAIRE

    Stefely, Jonathan A.; Licitra, Floriana; Laredj, Leila; Reidenbach, Andrew G.; Kemmerer, Zachary A.; Grangeray, Anais; Jaeg-Ehret, Tiphaine; Minogue, Catherine E.; Ulbrich, Arne; Hutchins, Paul D.; Wilkerson, Emily M.; Ruan, Zheng; Aydin, Deniz; Hebert, Alexander S.; Guo, Xiao

    2016-01-01

    The UbiB protein kinase-like (PKL) family is widespread—comprising one-quarter of microbial PKLs and five human homologs—yet its biochemical activities remain obscure. COQ8A (ADCK3) is a mammalian UbiB protein associated with ubiquinone (CoQ) biosynthesis and an ataxia (ARCA2) through unclear means. We show that mice lacking COQ8A develop a slowly progressive cerebellar ataxia linked to Purkinje cell dysfunction and mild exercise intolerance, recapitulating ARCA2. Interspecies biochemical ana...

  6. Louisiana Coastal Area, Louisiana. Freshwater Diversion to Barataria and Breton Sound Basins. Feasibility Study. Volume 1. Draft Main Report. Draft Environmental Impact Statement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-09-01

    and fresh marshes. 5.2.8.3. The study arca saipports r ich popula tions of phytoplankton, zooplankton, bent hos, macroinvertebrates , and numerous small...Foundation and consists primarily of saline marsh with a net-work of bayous, ditches, and lagoons . Rabbit hunting is considered excellent in the area

  7. 75 FR 57092 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-17

    ... at the Commission's Public Reference Room. II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the..., there is no economic basis for regulating maximum prices for one of the joint products in an industry in... Arca did before registering as exchanges by publishing proprietary book data on the Internet. Second...

  8. 77 FR 59030 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Exchange, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-25

    ... (collectively, ``Derivative Securities Products'') \\5\\ when applying the quantitative generic listing criteria... or other Derivative Securities Products. \\4\\ The Exchange notes that NYSE Arca uses the term...\\ Rule 14.11 includes criteria for derivative securities that may be listed or traded on the Exchange...

  9. Genetic pathways to Neurodegeneration

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Renu

    The extensive resource on ataxia has led to the development of a clinico-genetic ... Keywords: Cerebellar ataxias, SCAs, ARCAs, NGS, Gene network, iPSCs, .... Besides, mutations in different regions of the same gene result in different ..... integration with population data can also allow focussed testing/screening in specific.

  10. 76 FR 65247 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; International Securities Exchange, LLC; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-20

    ... premier global venue for capital raising, with a truly global franchise and presence in many of the world... management and the premier global venue for capital raising, with a truly global franchise and presence in... three NYSE Exchanges--NYSE, NYSE Arca and NYSE Amex--which provide marketplaces where investors buy and...

  11. Hydrogen isotopes identification with the electromagnetic calorimeter TAPS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Matulewicz, T.; Aphecetche, L.; Charbonnier, Y.; Delagrange, H.; Martinez, G.; Schutz, Y.; Marques, F.M.; Diaz, J.; and others.

    1996-01-01

    A new method has been developed to identify protons and more generally charged massive particles, like charged pions, hydrogen isotopes and heavier particles reaching the TAPS detector. The method was tested on events from the reaction Ar+Ca at 180 A.MeV. (K.A.)

  12. 78 FR 62764 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Topaz Exchange, LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ... in MNX options. See Amex Fee Schedule, Royalty Fees; Arca Fees and Charges, Royalty Fees; and ISE... Change To Amend the Schedule of Fees October 9, 2013. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities... Terms of the Substance of the Proposed Rule Change Topaz is proposing to amend its Schedule of Fees to...

  13. 78 FR 57195 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-17

    ... table describing Electronic Executions in Non Penny Pilot Issues. \\4\\ See Arca Fee Schedule, Royalty..., Royalty Fees table. As with both simple and complex orders in other multiply-listed index, ETF and ETN... LLC (``AMEX'') Royalty Fee for RUT from $0.15 per contract to $0.40 per contract. The proposed changes...

  14. 78 FR 54942 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Topaz Exchange, LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-06

    ... trades in NDX options. See Amex Fee Schedule, Royalty Fees; Arca Fees and Charges, Royalty Fees; BOX Fee... Change To Amend the Schedule of Fees August 30, 2013. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities... the Proposed Rule Change Topaz is proposing to amend its Schedule of Fees to establish a surcharge fee...

  15. 75 FR 34490 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX BX, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-17

    ..., there are a variety of alternative sources of information that impose significant competitive pressures..., imposed significant competitive pressure on BX to act equitably, fairly, and reasonably in setting the.... As in the Commission's NYSE Arca Order analysis, at least two broad types of significant competitive...

  16. 75 FR 31830 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change by NASDAQ OMX PHLX, Inc...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-04

    ..., impose significant competitive pressure on Phlx to act equitably, fairly, and reasonably in setting the... NYSE Arca Order, the Commission also stated that, ``when possible, reliance on competitive forces is....'' \\36\\ If an exchange ``was subject to significant competitive forces in setting the terms of a proposal...

  17. 77 FR 6013 - Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Cheesequake Creek, Morgan, NJ

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-07

    ... Federal holidays. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: If you have questions on this rule, call or email Mr. Joe Arca, Project Officer, First Coast Guard District, [email protected] , or (212) 668-7165. If you have questions on viewing the docket, call Renee V. Wright, Program Manager, Docket Operations...

  18. Determining the Control Circuitry of Redox Metabolism at the Genome-Scale

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Federowicz, Stephen; Kim, Donghyuk; Ebrahim, Ali

    2014-01-01

    -scale metabolic model to show that ArcA and Fnr regulate >80% of total metabolic flux and 96% of differential gene expression across fermentative and nitrate respiratory conditions. Based on the data, we propose a feedforward with feedback trim regulatory scheme, given the extensive repression of catabolic genes...

  19. 75 FR 25887 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-10

    ... Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). The Exchange also proposes to require firms that fail to... by Amendment No. 1, by NYSE Arca, Inc. Amending Rule 4, Capital Requirements, Financial Reports... Change The Exchange proposes to amend certain financial rules contained in Rule 4. A copy of this filing...

  20. 76 FR 79748 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ... designed to provide a vehicle for investors to own interests in silver. The purpose of the SLV Trust is to... expenses. The ETFs underlying SLV and USO options, which are listed on NYSE Arca, are not affected or... counter-productive and more costly, for ETF option traders and investors that are trying to achieve...

  1. 76 FR 62125 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Amex LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-06

    ... Rule 993NY(b)(2) To Make Permanent the Pilot Program that Permits the Exchange To Accept Inbound Orders Routed by Archipelago Securities LLC in Its Capacity as a Facility of Affiliated Exchanges and To Clarify... program that permits the Exchange to accept inbound orders routed by Archipelago Securities LLC (``Arca...

  2. 76 FR 62116 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Amex LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-06

    ... Rule 17(c)(2)(B) To Make Permanent the Pilot Program That Permits the Exchange To Accept Inbound Orders Routed by Archipelago Securities LLC in Its Capacity as a Facility of Affiliated Exchanges and To Clarify... program that permits the Exchange to accept inbound orders routed by Archipelago Securities LLC (``Arca...

  3. Basic regulatory principles of Escherichia coli's electron transport chain for varying oxygen conditions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Henkel, S.G.; Ter Beek, A.S.; Steinsiek, S.; Stagge, S.; Bettenbrock, K.; Teixeira De Mattos, M.J.; Sauter, T.; Sawodny, O.; Ederer, M.

    2014-01-01

    For adaptation between anaerobic, micro-aerobic and aerobic conditions Escherichia coli's metabolism and in particular its electron transport chain (ETC) is highly regulated. Although it is known that the global transcriptional regulators FNR and ArcA are involved in oxygen response it is unclear

  4. 78 FR 39707 - Foreign-Trade Zone (FTZ) 277-Western Maricopa County, Arizona; Notification of Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-02

    ....; (Plastic Containers) Goodyear, Arizona The Greater Maricopa Foreign Trade Zone, Inc. (GMFTZ), grantee of... application is currently pending to expand FTZ 277 and include the Schoeller Arca facility as a usage-driven... plastic containers for industrial/commercial materials handling applications. Pursuant to 15 CFR 400.14(b...

  5. Anomalous origin of the coronary artery from the wrong coronary sinus evaluated with computed tomography: ''High-risk'' anatomy and its clinical relevance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Krupinski, Maciej; Urbanczyk-Zawadzka, Malgorzata; Laskowicz, Bartosz; Irzyk, Malgorzata; Banys, Robert; Klimeczek, Piotr; Gruszczynska, Katarzyna; Baron, Jan

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study was to assess coronary arteries arising from the wrong coronary sinus, including CT-evaluated high-risk anatomic features, clinical symptoms and cardiac events during follow-up. A total of 7,115 patients scheduled for 64-slice or dual-source cardiac CT were screened for the presence of isolated anomalous origin of the coronary artery from the wrong coronary sinus. Anomalous origin of the coronary artery was found in 54 (0.76 %) patients (29 men, 25 women, mean age 60.9 ± 11.6 years). Sixteen (30 %) patients with abnormal right coronary origin (ARCA) more commonly had a slit-like orifice (15 vs. 3; p < 0.001), intramural course (15 vs. 3; p < 0.001) and interarterial course (11 vs. 0; p < 0.001) than 22 (41 %) and 13 (24 %) individuals with abnormal circumflex artery (ALCx) and left coronary artery (ALCA) origin, respectively. Patients with ALCA presented less frequently with chest pain than subjects with ARCA and ALCx (25 vs. 3; p = 0.03). Patients with ARCA tended to show higher occurrence of cardiac events in the follow-up than individuals with ALCA and ALCx (5 vs. 4; p = NS). High-risk anatomy features are most common in patients with ARCA and these patients also have higher prevalence of chest pain and cardiac events in the follow-up than individuals with ALCA and ALCx. (orig.)

  6. 78 FR 6842 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-31

    ... the NYSE multi-cast equities data feed, which includes NYSE ArcaBook Highspeed and NYSE OpenBook... $7,500; and the MRC for Direct Edge Depth of Book multi-cast feed, which includes EDGA and EDGX, will... common practice for colocation offerings, would ensure that the Exchange can recoup the substantial...

  7. 77 FR 7225 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGA Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    ... particular venue to be excessive. The proposed rule change reflects a competitive pricing structure designed... BATS + NYSE Arca destination specific routing option to continue to offer a ``one under'' pricing model... exchange that is routed to plus or minus a certain differential. EDGA's pricing is consistent with this...

  8. Un nouveau centre de recherche soutient les efforts d'adaptation ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    9 juil. 2014 ... Image satellite du delta du Nil. José Alberto Gonçalves Pereira. Entretien avec. Mohamed Abdrabo est le directeur général de l'Alexandria Research Centre for Adaptation to Climate Change (ARCA), un nouveau centre de recherche qui soutient les politiques d'adaptation adoptées par le gouvernement ...

  9. Un nouveau centre de recherche soutient les efforts d'adaptation ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    9 juil. 2014 ... Mohamed Abdrabo est le directeur général de l'Alexandria Research Centre for Adaptation to Climate Change (ARCA), un nouveau centre de recherche qui soutient les politiques d'adaptation adoptées par le gouvernement égyptien au regard du delta du Nil.

  10. Molecular and clinical study of a cohort of 110 Algerian patients with autosomal recessive ataxia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamza, Wahiba; Ali Pacha, Lamia; Hamadouche, Tarik; Muller, Jean; Drouot, Nathalie; Ferrat, Farida; Makri, Samira; Chaouch, Malika; Tazir, Meriem; Koenig, Michel; Benhassine, Traki

    2015-06-12

    Autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxias (ARCA) are a complex group of neurodegenerative disorders with great genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity, over 30 genes/loci have been associated with more than 20 different clinical forms of ARCA. Genetic heterogeneity combined with highly variable clinical expression of the cerebellar symptoms and overlapping features complicate furthermore the etiological diagnosis of ARCA. The determination of the most frequent mutations and corresponding ataxias, as well as particular features specific to a population, are mandatory to facilitate and speed up the diagnosis process, especially when an appropriate treatment is available. We explored 166 patients (115 families) refered to the neurology units of Algiers central hospitals (Algeria) with a cerebellar ataxia phenotype segregating as an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples and mutational screening was performed by PCR and direct sequencing or by targeted genomic capture and massive parallel sequencing of 57 genes associated with inherited cerebellar ataxia phenotypes. In this work we report the clinical and molecular results obtained on a large cohort of Algerian patients (110 patients/76 families) with genetically determined autosomal recessive ataxia, representing 9 different types of ARCA and 23 different mutations, including 6 novel ones. The five most common ARCA in this cohort were Friedreich ataxia, ataxia with isolated vitamin E deficiency, ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 2, autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay and ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 1. We report here a large cohort of patients with genetically determined autosomal recessive ataxia and the first study of the genetic context of ARCA in Algeria. This study showed that in Algerian patients, the two most common types of ataxia (Friedreich ataxia and ataxia with isolated vitamin E deficiency) coexist with forms that may be

  11. Microplastics in commercial bivalves from China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jiana; Yang, Dongqi; Li, Lan; Jabeen, Khalida; Shi, Huahong

    2015-12-01

    We investigated microplastic pollution in 9 commercial bivalves from a fishery market in China. Multiple types of microplastics, including fibers, fragments and pellets, occurred in the tissue of all bivalves. The number of total microplastics varied from 2.1 to 10.5 items/g and from 4.3 to 57.2 items/individual for bivalves. Scapharca subcrenata contained on average 10.5 items/g and exhibited the highest levels of microplastics by weight. Fibers were the most common microplastics and consisted of more than half of the total microplastics in each of the 8 species. In Alectryonella plicatula, pellets accounted for 60% of the total microplastics. The most common size class was less than 250 μm and accounted for 33-84% of the total microplastics calculated by species. Our results suggest that microplastic pollution was widespread and exhibited a relatively high level in commercial bivalves from China. More intensive investigations on microplastics should be conducted in seafood. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. [Levels and distribution of short chain chlorinated paraffins in seafood from Dalian, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Jun-Chao; Wang, Thanh; Wang, Ya-Wei; Meng, Mei; Chen, Ru; Jiang, Gui-Bin

    2014-05-01

    Seafood samples were collected from Dalian, China to study the accumulation and distribution characteristics of short chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) by GC/ECNI-LRMS. Sum of SCCPs (dry weight) were in the range of 77-8 250 ng.g-1, with the lowest value in Scapharca subcrenata and highest concentration in Neptunea cumingi. The concentrations of sum of SCCPs (dry weight) in fish, shrimp/crab and shellfish were in the ranges of 100-3 510, 394-5 440, and 77-8 250 ng.g-1 , respectively. Overall, the C10 and C11 homologues were the most predominant carbon groups of SCCPs in seafood from this area,and a relatively higher proportion of C12-13 was observed in seafood with higher concentrations of sum of SCCPs . With regard to chlorine content, Cl1,, CI8 and CI6 were the major groups. Significant correlations were found among concentrations of different SCCP homologues (except C1, vs. Cl10 ) , which indicated that they might share the same sources and/or have similar accumulation, migration and transformation processes.

  13. Surveillance of Hepatitis E Virus Contamination in Shellfish in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shenyang Gao

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Hepatitis E virus (HEV has been confirmed to be a zoonotic virus of worldwide distribution. HEV contamination in the water environment has not been well examined in China. The objective of this study was to evaluate HEV contamination in shellfish in a coastal area of China. Such contamination would be significant for evaluating public health risks. Methods: samples of three species shellfish were collected from thirteen points of estuarine tidal flats around the Bohai Gulf and screened for HEV RNA using an in-house nested RT-PCR assay. The detected HEV-positive samples were further verified by gene cloning and sequencing analysis. Results: the overall HEV-positive detection rate is approximately 17.5% per kilogram of shellfish.  HEV was more common among S. subcrenata (28.2%, followed by A. granosa (14.3% and R. philippinarum (11.5%. The phylogenetic analysis of the 13 HEV strains detected revealed that gene fragments fell into two known 4 sub-genotypes (4b/4d groups and another unknown group. Conclusions: 13 different sub-genotype 4 HEVs were found in contaminated shellfish in the Bohai Gulf rim. The findings suggest that a health risk may exist for users of waters in the Bonhai area and to consumers of shellfish.  Further research is needed to assess the sources and infectivity of HEV in these settings, and to evaluate additional shellfish harvesting areas.

  14. Sea Salt Aerosol, Atmospheric Radon and Meteorological Observations in the Western South Atlantic Ocean (February 1981).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-09-28

    approximately isokinetic sampling conditions. The blower motor for the hi-vol was separated from the filter holder unit by a one- meter length of flexible...bridge bulkhead about 15 m above sea level and within 3 meters of the ARCAS inlet. The flow rate through the 20 cm x 25 cm glass fiber filters was...materials, atmospheric pressure, soil moisture and vegetative cover (Larson and Bressan, 1980). Radon concentrations measured a few meters above

  15. Ancient shell industry at Bet Dwarka island

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gaur, A.S.; Sundaresh; Patankar, V.

    for the manufacture of beads, bangles, etc. 12 . Shell species found at the sites include T. pyrum (cha nk), Chicoreus ramosus , Fasciolaria trapezium , Cypraea (cowries), Arabica arabica (cowries), Babylonia spirata , dentalium, mussel and Arca... muscles are attached. Average length of a shell can be up to 15 to 20 cm and width 10 ? 15 cm 8 . It provides a unique structure for the manufacture of several bangles from a single shell. The organ ism living inside is also edible...

  16. Endomarketing

    OpenAIRE

    Inkotte, Alexandre Luz

    2000-01-01

    Dissertação (Mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro Tecnológico. O Endomarketing vem sendo apresentado como uma alternativa moderna para aumentar o comprometimento dos empregados com os objetivos das organizações. Esta definição, que estabelece um tipo de unanimidade entre os autores nacionais, revela, por si, a fragilidade e o arcaísmo das propostas de Endomarketing disponíveis no "mercado" nacional.

  17. Molecular diagnosis of known recessive ataxias by homozygosity mapping with SNP arrays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    H'mida-Ben Brahim, D; M'zahem, A; Assoum, M; Bouhlal, Y; Fattori, F; Anheim, M; Ali-Pacha, L; Ferrat, F; Chaouch, M; Lagier-Tourenne, C; Drouot, N; Thibaut, C; Benhassine, T; Sifi, Y; Stoppa-Lyonnet, D; N'Guyen, K; Poujet, J; Hamri, A; Hentati, F; Amouri, R; Santorelli, F M; Tazir, M; Koenig, M

    2011-01-01

    The diagnosis of rare inherited diseases is becoming more and more complex as an increasing number of clinical conditions appear to be genetically heterogeneous. Multigenic inheritance also applies to the autosomal recessive progressive cerebellar ataxias (ARCAs), for which 14 genes have been identified and more are expected to be discovered. We used homozygosity mapping as a guide for identification of the defective locus in patients with ARCA born from consanguineous parents. Patients from 97 families were analyzed with GeneChip Mapping 10K or 50K SNP Affymetrix microarrays. We identified six families homozygous for regions containing the autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS) gene, two families homozygous for the ataxia-telangiectasia gene (ATM), two families homozygous for the ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 1 (AOA1) gene, and one family homozygous for the AOA type 2 (AOA2) gene. Upon direct gene testing, we were able to identify a disease-related mutation in all families but one of the two kindred homozygous at the ATM locus. Although linkage analyses pointed to a single locus on chromosome 11q22.1-q23.1 for this family, clinical features, normal levels of serum alpha-foetoprotein as well as absence of mutations in the ATM gene rather suggest the existence of an additional ARCA-related gene in that interval. While the use of homozygosity mapping was very effective at pointing to the correct gene, it also suggests that the majority of patients harbor mutations either in the genes of the rare forms of ARCA or in genes yet to be identified.

  18. CXXL 14 Blockade of CXCL12/CXCR4 Signaling in Prostate Cancer Bone Metastasis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    6. Products 4 Publications: The paper entitled “CXCL14 is a Marker of Prostate Cancer Bone Metastasis: A Pro-Metastatic Chemokine with CXCR4...overnight, followed by one-hour incubation with 2 mg/ml of bovine serum albumin (BSA). Cells were plated and grown to confluency. Thereafter, a...ARCaPM and PC-3, at 80% confluence, were serum-starved in medium supplemented with 0.1% bovine serum albumin (Probumin, Celliance) for 8 hours

  19. Transcriptome analysis of the Lactococcus lactis ArgR and AhrC regulons

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Rasmus; van Hijum, Sacha A. F. T.; Martinussen, Jan

    2008-01-01

    In previous studies, we have shown that direct protein-protein. interaction between the two regulators ArgR and AhrC in Lactococcus lactis is required for arginine-dependent repression of the biosynthetic argC promoter and the activation of the catabolic arcA promoter. Here, we establish the global...... ArgR and AhrC regulons by transcriptome analyses and show that both regulators are dedicated to the control of arginine metabolism in L. lactis....

  20. EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL ESTIMATION OF DAMPING IN COMPOSITE PLATES WITH EMBEDDED VISCOELASTIC TREATMENTS

    OpenAIRE

    De Fenza, Angelo

    2011-01-01

    This thesis summarizes the work done by the author in the frame of the Ph.D. Program in Aerospace, Naval and Quality Engineering at the University of Naples Federico II, following the research projects ARCA and COMFORT, which were aimed to develop innovating solutions for the noise and vibration control in the aeronautical field. In the last years, a constant pursuit in performance improvement has been demanded to the aeronautical products, mainly in reducing weight and fuel consumption, he...

  1. Feasibility of full and rapid neuromuscular blockade recovery with sugammadex in myasthenia gravis patients undergoing surgery – a series of 117 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vymazal T

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Tomas Vymazal,1 Martina Krecmerova,1 Vladimír Bicek,1 Robert Lischke2 1Department of Anaesthesiology and ICM, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, 23rd Surgical Department of 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague and Motol University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic Purpose: Myasthenia gravis (MG is an autoimmune disease interfering with neuromuscular transmission. Patients are at risk of postoperative residual curarization (PORC if nondepolarizing muscle relaxants are used. Clinically inapparent insufficient muscle strength may result in hypoventilation and postoperative bronchopneumonia. We describe a cohort of 117 cases in which sugammadex was used in MG patients undergoing surgery with muscle relaxation with rocuronium.Methods and patients: We anesthetized 117 patients with MG using rocuronium and sugammadex as neuromuscular blockade reversal agent. One hundred five patients underwent surgical thymectomy and 12 underwent cholecystectomy (five laparotomic and seven laparoscopic. We measured time from sugammadex administration to recovery and to extubation, using the TOF-Watch® (series of four consecutive electrical impulses [the train-of-four] >0.9. We tracked peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2 <95%, elevation of partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2 >10% above baseline, number of reintubations within the first 48 hours, and number of pneumonias within 120 hours, postoperatively. Results were processed as average, minimum, and maximum values.Results: The period needed to reach train-of-four of 0.9 following sugammadex administration was on average 117 seconds (minimum of 105 seconds/maximum of 127 seconds and differed within deviation <10%. The time to extubation following sugammadex administration was on average 276 seconds (minimum of 251 seconds/maximum of 305 seconds and differed minimally among patients as well. We observed no SpO2 <95%, no pCO2 elevation >10% above a baseline, no emergent reintubation within the

  2. Validation of a clinical practice-based algorithm for the diagnosis of autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxias based on NGS identified cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallaret, Martial; Renaud, Mathilde; Redin, Claire; Drouot, Nathalie; Muller, Jean; Severac, Francois; Mandel, Jean Louis; Hamza, Wahiba; Benhassine, Traki; Ali-Pacha, Lamia; Tazir, Meriem; Durr, Alexandra; Monin, Marie-Lorraine; Mignot, Cyril; Charles, Perrine; Van Maldergem, Lionel; Chamard, Ludivine; Thauvin-Robinet, Christel; Laugel, Vincent; Burglen, Lydie; Calvas, Patrick; Fleury, Marie-Céline; Tranchant, Christine; Anheim, Mathieu; Koenig, Michel

    2016-07-01

    Establishing a molecular diagnosis of autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxias (ARCA) is challenging due to phenotype and genotype heterogeneity. We report the validation of a previously published clinical practice-based algorithm to diagnose ARCA. Two assessors performed a blind analysis to determine the most probable mutated gene based on comprehensive clinical and paraclinical data, without knowing the molecular diagnosis of 23 patients diagnosed by targeted capture of 57 ataxia genes and high-throughput sequencing coming from a 145 patients series. The correct gene was predicted in 61 and 78 % of the cases by the two assessors, respectively. There was a high inter-rater agreement [K = 0.85 (0.55-0.98) p < 0.001] confirming the algorithm's reproducibility. Phenotyping patients with proper clinical examination, imaging, biochemical investigations and nerve conduction studies remain crucial for the guidance of molecular analysis and to interpret next generation sequencing results. The proposed algorithm should be helpful for diagnosing ARCA in clinical practice.

  3. Results of the first detection units of KM3NeT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biagi, Simone; KM3NeT Collaboration

    2017-12-01

    The KM3NeT collaboration is building a km3-scale neutrino telescope in the Mediterranean Sea. The current phase of construction comprises the deep-sea and onshore infrastructures at two installation sites and the installation of the first detection units for the "ARCA" (Astroparticle Research with Cosmics in the Abyss) and "ORCA" (Oscillation Research with Cosmics in the Abyss) detector. At the KM3NeT-It site, 80 km offshore Capo Passero, Italy, the first 32 detection units for the ARCA detector are being installed and at the KM3Net-Fr site, 40 km offshore Toulon, France, 7 detection units for the ORCA detector will be deployed. The second phase of KM3NeT foresees the completion of ARCA for neutrino astronomy at energies above TeV and ORCA for neutrino mass hierarchy studies at energies in the GeV range. The basic element of the KM3NeT detector is the detection unit. In the ARCA geometry, the detection unit is a 700 m long vertical structure hosting 18 optical modules. Each optical module comprises 31 3 in photomultiplier tubes, instruments to monitor environmental parameters, and the electronic boards for the digitisation of the PMT signals and the management of data acquisition. In their final configuration, both ARCA and ORCA will be composed of about 200 detection units. The first detection unit was installed at the KM3NeT-It site in December 2015. It is active and taking data since its connection to the subsea network. The time of arrival and the duration of photon hits on each of the photomultipliers is measured with a time resolution of 1 ns and transferred onshore where the measurements are processed, triggered and stored on disk. A time calibration procedure, based on data recorded with flashing LED beacons during dedicated periods, allows for time synchronisation of the signals from the optical modules at the nanosecond level. In May 2016, an additional detection unit was installed at the KM3NeT-It site. The first results with two active detection units

  4. Microplastics in commercial bivalves from China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li, Jiana; Yang, Dongqi; Li, Lan; Jabeen, Khalida; Shi, Huahong

    2015-01-01

    We investigated microplastic pollution in 9 commercial bivalves from a fishery market in China. Multiple types of microplastics, including fibers, fragments and pellets, occurred in the tissue of all bivalves. The number of total microplastics varied from 2.1 to 10.5 items/g and from 4.3 to 57.2 items/individual for bivalves. Scapharca subcrenata contained on average 10.5 items/g and exhibited the highest levels of microplastics by weight. Fibers were the most common microplastics and consisted of more than half of the total microplastics in each of the 8 species. In Alectryonella plicatula, pellets accounted for 60% of the total microplastics. The most common size class was less than 250 μm and accounted for 33–84% of the total microplastics calculated by species. Our results suggest that microplastic pollution was widespread and exhibited a relatively high level in commercial bivalves from China. More intensive investigations on microplastics should be conducted in seafood. - Highlights: • Fiber, fragment and pellet microplastics were found in 9 bivalves. • The abundance of microplastics was 2.1–10.5 items/g. • Fibers were the most common microplastics. • The most common size class of microplastics was less than 250 μm. • Microplastic pollution was widespread and serious in commercial bivalves. - Fiber, fragment and pellet microplastics in the range of 2.1–10.5 items/g were observed in 9 species of commercially popular bivalves from China.

  5. Determining the control circuitry of redox metabolism at the genome-scale.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen Federowicz

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Determining how facultative anaerobic organisms sense and direct cellular responses to electron acceptor availability has been a subject of intense study. However, even in the model organism Escherichia coli, established mechanisms only explain a small fraction of the hundreds of genes that are regulated during electron acceptor shifts. Here we propose a qualitative model that accounts for the full breadth of regulated genes by detailing how two global transcription factors (TFs, ArcA and Fnr of E. coli, sense key metabolic redox ratios and act on a genome-wide basis to regulate anabolic, catabolic, and energy generation pathways. We first fill gaps in our knowledge of this transcriptional regulatory network by carrying out ChIP-chip and gene expression experiments to identify 463 regulatory events. We then interfaced this reconstructed regulatory network with a highly curated genome-scale metabolic model to show that ArcA and Fnr regulate >80% of total metabolic flux and 96% of differential gene expression across fermentative and nitrate respiratory conditions. Based on the data, we propose a feedforward with feedback trim regulatory scheme, given the extensive repression of catabolic genes by ArcA and extensive activation of chemiosmotic genes by Fnr. We further corroborated this regulatory scheme by showing a 0.71 r(2 (p<1e-6 correlation between changes in metabolic flux and changes in regulatory activity across fermentative and nitrate respiratory conditions. Finally, we are able to relate the proposed model to a wealth of previously generated data by contextualizing the existing transcriptional regulatory network.

  6. AarF Domain Containing Kinase 3 (ADCK3 Mutant Cells Display Signs of Oxidative Stress, Defects in Mitochondrial Homeostasis and Lysosomal Accumulation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason K Cullen

    Full Text Available Autosomal recessive ataxias are a clinically diverse group of syndromes that in some cases are caused by mutations in genes with roles in the DNA damage response, transcriptional regulation or mitochondrial function. One of these ataxias, known as Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia Type-2 (ARCA-2, also known as SCAR9/COQ10D4; OMIM: #612016, arises due to mutations in the ADCK3 gene. The product of this gene (ADCK3 is an atypical kinase that is thought to play a regulatory role in coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10 biosynthesis. Although much work has been performed on the S. cerevisiae orthologue of ADCK3, the cellular and biochemical role of its mammalian counterpart, and why mutations in this gene lead to human disease is poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that ADCK3 localises to mitochondrial cristae and is targeted to this organelle via the presence of an N-terminal localisation signal. Consistent with a role in CoQ10 biosynthesis, ADCK3 deficiency decreased cellular CoQ10 content. In addition, endogenous ADCK3 was found to associate in vitro with recombinant Coq3, Coq5, Coq7 and Coq9, components of the CoQ10 biosynthetic machinery. Furthermore, cell lines derived from ARCA-2 patients display signs of oxidative stress, defects in mitochondrial homeostasis and increases in lysosomal content. Together, these data shed light on the possible molecular role of ADCK3 and provide insight into the cellular pathways affected in ARCA-2 patients.

  7. Agent-based modeling of oxygen-responsive transcription factors in Escherichia coli.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao Bai

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In the presence of oxygen (O2 the model bacterium Escherichia coli is able to conserve energy by aerobic respiration. Two major terminal oxidases are involved in this process - Cyo has a relatively low affinity for O2 but is able to pump protons and hence is energetically efficient; Cyd has a high affinity for O2 but does not pump protons. When E. coli encounters environments with different O2 availabilities, the expression of the genes encoding the alternative terminal oxidases, the cydAB and cyoABCDE operons, are regulated by two O2-responsive transcription factors, ArcA (an indirect O2 sensor and FNR (a direct O2 sensor. It has been suggested that O2-consumption by the terminal oxidases located at the cytoplasmic membrane significantly affects the activities of ArcA and FNR in the bacterial nucleoid. In this study, an agent-based modeling approach has been taken to spatially simulate the uptake and consumption of O2 by E. coli and the consequent modulation of ArcA and FNR activities based on experimental data obtained from highly controlled chemostat cultures. The molecules of O2, transcription factors and terminal oxidases are treated as individual agents and their behaviors and interactions are imitated in a simulated 3-D E. coli cell. The model implies that there are two barriers that dampen the response of FNR to O2, i.e. consumption of O2 at the membrane by the terminal oxidases and reaction of O2 with cytoplasmic FNR. Analysis of FNR variants suggested that the monomer-dimer transition is the key step in FNR-mediated repression of gene expression.

  8. Floresta de símbolos: bicho e poesia para crianças e adultos inteligentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augusto Rodrigues da Silva Junior

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This work utilizes aesthetic productions on the framework of Brazilian children's and youth literature and animal representation in the book. The framework is the poetic creation of Manuel Bandeira for a comparison between the works Arca de Noé, by Vinícius de Moraes, and Rimas da floresta, by José Santos. The main point for comparison is the image of the animal and the way of representing it within contemporary poetry. However, expressing different trends and multiple images, these books contain features in common that resemble them, such as fun and diversion, humor, imagination, realism, eco literature aspects, popular culture and colloquial language.

  9. Mass and charge distribution in heavy-ion collisions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beck, F.; Dworzecka, M.; Feldmeier, H.

    1978-01-01

    A statistical model based on the independent particle picture is used to calculate mass and charge distributions in deep inelastic heavy-ion collisions. Different assumptions on volume and charge equilibrations are compared with measured variances of charge distributions. One combination of assumptions is clearly favoured by experiment, and gives a reasonable description of the variance versus energy loss curves up to energy losses of about 200 MeV in the heavy systems Kr+Ho and Xe+Bi, and up to about 60 MeV for the light system Ar+Ca [af

  10. Prometeo, tragedia dell'ascolto: del sonido al espacio y viceversa

    OpenAIRE

    Polo Martínez, Ana Katia

    2017-01-01

    Prometeo, tragedia dell’ascolto: Del sonido al espacio y viceversa trata de dar respuesta a las cuestiones espaciales que existen en una representación musical. Mediante el Arca de Prometeo, caso probado de la posibilidad real de colaboración entre el ámbito musical y arquitectónico, trataremos de entender qué relaciones concretas se pueden establecer entre estos dos mundos, de partida tan distintos. Para la primera representación de su particular ‘tragedia de la escucha’, Luigi Nono eligi...

  11. Tectônica transcorrente mesozoica-cenozoica na Borda Leste da Bacia do Paraná, Estado de Santa Catarina

    OpenAIRE

    Patricia Duringer Jacques

    2013-01-01

    O presente estudo teve como objetivo principal avaliar as estruturas rúpteis da borda leste da Bacia do Paraná em Santa Catarina, a partir do estudo dos lineamentos estruturais que afetaram as rochas do embasamento, da sucessão ondwânica, das vulcânicas da Formação Serra Geral e das alcalinas associadas ao Domo de Lages e ao Complexo Carbonatítico de Anitápolis. Para atingir estes objetivos, foram efetuados levantamentos de campo de análise estrutural dos lineamentos, integração do arca...

  12. Volatility Discovery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dias, Gustavo Fruet; Scherrer, Cristina; Papailias, Fotis

    The price discovery literature investigates how homogenous securities traded on different markets incorporate information into prices. We take this literature one step further and investigate how these markets contribute to stochastic volatility (volatility discovery). We formally show...... that the realized measures from homogenous securities share a fractional stochastic trend, which is a combination of the price and volatility discovery measures. Furthermore, we show that volatility discovery is associated with the way that market participants process information arrival (market sensitivity......). Finally, we compute volatility discovery for 30 actively traded stocks in the U.S. and report that Nyse and Arca dominate Nasdaq....

  13. La auditoría en las Comunidades Autónomas: situación actual y propuestas de reforma

    OpenAIRE

    CORTÉS MORENO, ALEJANDRO

    2018-01-01

    [ES] El control sobre las arcas públicas existe desde finales de la Edad Media, ello nos ayuda a entender la importancia de los órganos de control. Para hacernos una idea de la magnitud del sector público español, solo hay que mirar el número de municipios españoles, que ascienden a 8125 según el INE (1 de enero de 2017). A todo ello hay que sumar las distintas administraciones territoriales, entidades públicas empresariales, los organismos autónomos, las sociedades mercanti...

  14. Antecedentes y reforma en la administración de depósitos del Cabildo Catedral de Toledo (1591-1613

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Villaluenga de Gracia

    2010-07-01

    del arca. Tras su aprobación, el memorial regularía la elección anual del depositario, dificultando su reelección, intensificaría el control sobre el depósito con el nombramiento de dos visitadores y concretaría el proceder en el registro de las operaciones que se ejecutaban en torno al mismo. A este respecto, cada entrada y salida de dinero del depósito se anotaba en dos libros: libro primero y segundo del arca de depósitos, cuya teneduría ratificaba el Memorial. Además de estos dos libros, las operaciones se registraban en un Manual y Mayor por partida doble. Al final del año y, antes de la elección de los oficios prevista para el 22 de diciembre, los visitadores tomaban la cuenta al depositario por cargo y descargo, revelándose este método compatible con la partida doble, como se demostrará en este trabajo.

  15. All three quinone species play distinct roles in ensuring optimal growth under aerobic and fermentative conditions in E. coli K12

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nitzschke, Annika

    2018-01-01

    The electron transport chain of E. coli contains three different quinone species, ubiquinone (UQ), menaquinone (MK) and demethylmenaquinone (DMK). The content and ratio of the different quinone species vary depending on the external conditions. To study the function of the different quinone species in more detail, strains with deletions preventing UQ synthesis, as well as MK and/or DMK synthesis were cultured under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. The strains were characterized with respect to growth and product synthesis. As quinones are also involved in the control of ArcB/A activity, we analyzed the phosphorylation state of the response regulator as well as the expression of selected genes.The data show reduced aerobic growth coupled to lactate production in the mutants defective in ubiquinone synthesis. This confirms the current assumption that ubiquinone is the main quinone under aerobic growth conditions. In the UQ mutant strains the amount of MK and DMK is significantly elevated. The strain synthesizing only DMK is less affected in growth than the strain synthesizing MK as well as DMK. An inhibitory effect of MK on aerobic growth due to increased oxidative stress is postulated.Under fermentative growth conditions the mutant synthesizing only UQ is severely impaired in growth. Obviously, UQ is not able to replace MK and DMK during anaerobic growth. Mutations affecting quinone synthesis have an impact on ArcA phosphorylation only under anaerobic conditions. ArcA phosphorylation is reduced in strains synthesizing only MK or MK plus DMK. PMID:29614086

  16. Chemistry gains a new element: Z=106

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gaeggeler, H.W.; Eichler, B.; Tuerler, A.

    1997-01-01

    Even though 112 chemical elements are presently known, for elements with atomic numbers above 105 only nuclear decay properties have been investigated so far. Such data allow to proof the existence of a given nuclide, but they do not yield any information with respect to the position of a chemical element in the Periodic Table. We have performed ever first chemical investigations of element 106. According to the Periodic Table element 106 should be a member of group 6, having similar chemical properties as W, Mo and Cr. Two different techniques were applied to separate and identify element 106: a liquid chromatography system (ARCA = Automated Rapid Chemistry Apparatus) and a continuous isothermal chromatography device (OLGA = On-Line Gaschemistry Apparatus). With ARCA about 5'000 separations on small cation exchange columns (Aminex A6) with a 0.1 M HNO 3 /5.10 -4 M Hf solution were performed and with OLGA the gas adsorption behaviour of oxychlorides on quartz columns using Cl 2 /SOCl 2 /O 2 as reactive gas were studied. On the basis of only ten detected atoms, it was possible to proof that element 106 forms complexes which are eluted at positions similar to those of Mo and W. In addition, in the gas phase element 106 forms oxychlorides of lower volatility compared to those of Mo and W. (author) 1 ref

  17. Ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 2: a clinical and genetic study of 19 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tazir, M; Ali-Pacha, L; M'Zahem, A; Delaunoy, J P; Fritsch, M; Nouioua, S; Benhassine, T; Assami, S; Grid, D; Vallat, J M; Hamri, A; Koenig, M

    2009-03-15

    Ataxia with oculo-motor apraxia type 2 (AOA2) is a recently described autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia (ARCA) caused by mutations in the senataxin gene (SETX). We analysed the phenotypic spectrum of 19 AOA2 patients with mutations in SETX, which seems to be the third most frequent form of ARCA in Algeria after Freidreich ataxia and Ataxia with vitamin E deficiency. In AOA2 patients, the mean age at onset for all families was in the second decade. Cerebellar ataxia was progressive, slowly leading to disability which was aggravated by axonal polyneuropathy present in almost all the patients. Mean disease duration until wheelchair was around 20 years. Oculo-motor apraxia (OMA) was present in 32% of the patients while convergent strabismus was present in 37%. Strabismus is therefore also very suggestive of AOA2 when associated with ataxia and polyneuropathy even in the absence of OMA. Cerebellar atrophy was more severe in the eldest patients; however it may also be an early sign since it was present in the youngest and paucisymptomatic patients. The initial sign was gait ataxia in all but two patients who presented with head tremor and writer cramp, respectively. Serum alpha-fetoprotein, which was elevated in all tested patients, was a good marker to suggest molecular studies of the SETX gene.

  18. Cerebellar Ataxia and Coenzyme Q Deficiency through Loss of Unorthodox Kinase Activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stefely, Jonathan A; Licitra, Floriana; Laredj, Leila; Reidenbach, Andrew G; Kemmerer, Zachary A; Grangeray, Anais; Jaeg-Ehret, Tiphaine; Minogue, Catherine E; Ulbrich, Arne; Hutchins, Paul D; Wilkerson, Emily M; Ruan, Zheng; Aydin, Deniz; Hebert, Alexander S; Guo, Xiao; Freiberger, Elyse C; Reutenauer, Laurence; Jochem, Adam; Chergova, Maya; Johnson, Isabel E; Lohman, Danielle C; Rush, Matthew J P; Kwiecien, Nicholas W; Singh, Pankaj K; Schlagowski, Anna I; Floyd, Brendan J; Forsman, Ulrika; Sindelar, Pavel J; Westphall, Michael S; Pierrel, Fabien; Zoll, Joffrey; Dal Peraro, Matteo; Kannan, Natarajan; Bingman, Craig A; Coon, Joshua J; Isope, Philippe; Puccio, Hélène; Pagliarini, David J

    2016-08-18

    The UbiB protein kinase-like (PKL) family is widespread, comprising one-quarter of microbial PKLs and five human homologs, yet its biochemical activities remain obscure. COQ8A (ADCK3) is a mammalian UbiB protein associated with ubiquinone (CoQ) biosynthesis and an ataxia (ARCA2) through unclear means. We show that mice lacking COQ8A develop a slowly progressive cerebellar ataxia linked to Purkinje cell dysfunction and mild exercise intolerance, recapitulating ARCA2. Interspecies biochemical analyses show that COQ8A and yeast Coq8p specifically stabilize a CoQ biosynthesis complex through unorthodox PKL functions. Although COQ8 was predicted to be a protein kinase, we demonstrate that it lacks canonical protein kinase activity in trans. Instead, COQ8 has ATPase activity and interacts with lipid CoQ intermediates, functions that are likely conserved across all domains of life. Collectively, our results lend insight into the molecular activities of the ancient UbiB family and elucidate the biochemical underpinnings of a human disease. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Anaerobic expression of the gadE-mdtEF multidrug efflux operon is primarily regulated by the two-component system ArcBA through antagonizing the H-NS mediated repression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Ziqing; Shan, Yue; Pan, Qing; Gao, Xiang; Yan, Aixin

    2013-01-01

    The gadE-mdtEF operon encodes a central acid resistance regulator GadE and two multidrug efflux proteins MdtEF. Although transcriptional regulation of gadE in the context of acid resistance under the aerobic growth environment of Escherichia coli has been extensively studied, regulation of the operon under the physiologically relevant environment of anaerobic growth and its effect on the expression of the multidrug efflux proteins MdtEF in the operon has not been disclosed. Our previous study revealed that anaerobic induction of the operon was dependent on ArcA, the response regulator of the ArcBA two-component system, in the M9 glucose minimal medium. However, the detailed regulatory mechanism remains unknown. In this study, we showed that anaerobic activation of mdtEF was driven by the 798 bp unusually long gadE promoter. Deletion of evgA, ydeO, rpoS, and gadX which has been shown to activate the gadE expression during acid stresses under aerobic condition did not have a significant effect on the anaerobic activation of the operon. Rather, anaerobic activation of the operon was largely dependent on the global regulator ArcA and a GTPase MnmE. Under aerobic condition, transcription of gadE was repressed by the global DNA silencer H-NS in M9 minimal medium. Interestingly, under anaerobic condition, while ΔarcA almost completely abolished transcription of gadE-mdtEF, further deletion of hns in ΔarcA mutant restored the transcription of the full-length PgadE-lacZ, and P1- and P3-lacZ fusions, suggesting an antagonistic effect of ArcA on the H-NS mediated repression. Taken together, we conclude that the anaerobic activation of the gadE-mdtEF was primarily mediated by the two-component system ArcBA through antagonizing the H-NS mediated repression.

  20. Anaerobic expression of the gadE-mdtEF multidrug efflux operon is primarily regulated by the two-component system ArcBA through antagonizing the H-NS mediated repression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ziqing eDeng

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The gadE-mdtEF operon encodes a central acid resistance regulator GadE and two multidrug efflux proteins MdtEF. Although transcriptional regulation of gadE in the context of acid resistance under the aerobic growth environment of E. coli has been extensively studied, regulation of the operon under the physiologically relevant environment of anaerobic growth and its effect on the expression of the multidrug efflux proteins MdtEF has not been disclosed. Our previous study revealed that anaerobic induction of the operon was dependent on ArcA, the response regulator of the ArcBA two-component system, in the M9 glucose minimal medium. However, the detailed regulatory mechanism remains unknown. In this study, we showed that anaerobic activation of mdtEF was driven by the 798bp unusually long gadE promoter. Deletion of evgA, ydeO, rpoS, and gadX which has been shown to activate the gadE expression during acid stresses under aerobic condition did not have a significant effect on the anaerobic activation of the operon. Rather, anaerobic activation of the operon was largely dependent on the global regulator ArcA and a GTPase MnmE. Under aerobic condition, transcription of gadE was repressed by the global DNA silencer H-NS in M9 minimal medium. Interestingly, under anaerobic condition, while ΔarcA almost completely abolished transcription of gadE-mdtEF, further deletion of hns in ΔarcA mutant restored the transcription of the full length PgadE-lacZ, and P1- and P3-lacZ fusions, suggesting an antagonistic effect of ArcA on the H-NS mediated repression. Taken together, we conclude that the anaerobic activation of the gadE-mdtEF was primarily mediated by the two-component system ArcBA through antagonizing the H-NS mediated repression.