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Sample records for apudoma

  1. Apudomas pancreáticos: um desafio para clínicos e cirurgiões Pancreatic apudomas: a challenge for surgeons and physicians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olívio Louro Costa

    2002-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O propósito do presente estudo é analisar as dificuldades quanto ao diagnóstico, avaliação prognóstica e conduta em sete pacientes portadores de tumores neuroendócrinos do pâncreas (apudomas, estudados na última década, comparando os resultados com aqueles discutidos na literatura. MÉTODO: A idade dos pacientes variou de 15 a 66 anos, com média de 38,4 anos. Todos foram submetidos a alguma forma de ressecção pancreática por tumores neuroendócrinos. Os exames histológicos foram feitos pelas técnicas tradicionais e por imuno-histoquímica. RESULTADOS: Três pacientes tiveram um diagnóstico inespecífico de tumor neuroendócrino; dois de vipoma e dois de gastrinoma. As síndromes não se manifestaram claramente, ainda que cada caso tenha tido um rótulo diagnóstico. Os exames por imuno-histoquímica demonstraram a presença de múltiplos hormônios, mas por falta de sintomas clínicos, as correlações ficaram prejudicadas na maioria dos casos, havendo correlação somente em caso de gastrinoma. Um paciente faleceu no pós-operatório; um sobreviveu sete anos e cinco estão vivos, com sobrevida variando entre três e cinco anos. CONCLUSÕES: Não houve uma manifestação sindrômica evidente, porém a sobrevida dos pacientes tem sido compatível com os dados de literatura.BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study is to analyze the difficulties concerning diagnostic, prognostic and clinical conduct of seven patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (APUDomas, evaluated over the past decade. METHODS: Patients varied in age from 15 to 66 years old, with a mean age of 38.4 years. All patients underwent some type of pancreatic resection as treatment of the neuroendocrine tumor. The histological sections were submitted to traditional and imunohistochemical examination. RESULTS: Three patients were diagnosed with unspecific neuroendocrine tumor, two with VIPoma and two with Gastrinoma. Syndromes were not clearly

  2. Pancreatic endocrine tumors or apudomas Tumores endocrinos o apudomas pancreáticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Modesto Varas

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction and objective: pancreatic endocrine tumors (PET are difficult to diagnose. Their accurate localization using imaging techniques is intended to provide a definite cure. The goal of this retrospective study was to review a PET series from a private institution. Patients and methods: the medical records of 19 patients with PETs were reviewed, including 4 cases of MEN-1, for a period of 17 years (1994-2010. A database was set up with ten parameters: age, sex, symptoms, imaging techniques, size and location in the pancreas, metastasis, surgery, complications, adjuvant therapies, definite diagnosis, and survival or death. Results: a total of 19 cases were analyzed. Mean age at presentation was 51 years (range: 26-67 y (14 males, 5 females, and tumor size was 5 to 80 mm (X: 20 mm. Metastatic disease was present in 37% (7/19. Most underwent the following imaging techniques: ultrasounds, computed tomography (CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI. Fine needle aspiration punction (FNA was performed for the primary tumor in 4 cases. Non-functioning: 7 cases (37%, insulinoma: 2 cases [1 with possible multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN], Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (ZES from gastrinoma: 5 (3 with MEN-1, glucagonoma: 2 cases, 2 somatostatinomas; carcinoid: 1 case with carcinoide-like syndrome. Most patients were operated upon: 14/19 (73%. Four (4/14: 28% has postoperative complications following pancreatectomy: pancreatitis, pseudocyst, and abdominal collections. Some patients received chemotherapy (4, somatostatin (3 and interferon (2 before or after surgery. Median follow-up was 48 months. Actuarial survival during the study was 73.6% (14/19. Conclusions: age was similar to that described in the literature. Males were predominant. Most cases were non-functioning (37%. Most patients underwent surgery (73% with little morbidity (28% and an actuarial survival of 73.6% at the time of the study.Introducción y objetivo: los tumores endocrinos pancreáticos (TEP son difíciles de diagnosticar. Su localización exacta mediante métodos de imagen tiene el propósito de lograr una curación definitiva. El objetivo de este trabajo retrospectivo fue revisar una serie institucional privada de TEP. Pacientes y métodos: se revisaron las historias clínicas de 19 pacientes con TEP, 4 casos con NEM-1, observados durante 17 años (1994-2010. Se creó una base de datos con diez parámetros: edad y sexo, síntomas, métodos diagnósticos de imagen, tamaño y situación en el páncreas, metástasis, cirugía, complicaciones, tratamientos complementarios, diagnóstico definitivo, supervivencia o éxitus. Resultados: en total se analizaron 19 casos. La edad media de presentación fue 51 años (intervalo: 26-67 años (14 varones y 5 mujeres, con un tamaño del tumor de 5 a 80 mm (X: 20 mm. El 37% (7/19 tenían metástasis. En la mayoría se practicaron los siguientes métodos de imagen: ecografía, TAC y RM. La PAAF del tumor primitivo se practicó en 4 casos. No funcionantes: 7 casos (37%, insulinomas: 2 casos (1 con posible NEM, SZE por gastrinomas: 5 (3 con NEM-1, glucagonoma: 2 casos, 2 somatostatinomas, carcinoide: 1 caso con síndrome carcinoide-like. La mayoría de los enfermos fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente 14/19 (73%. En cuatro (4/14: 28% pacientes hubo complicaciones postoperatorias después de pancreatectomías: páncreas, seudoquiste y colecciones abdominales. Algunos casos fueron tratados con quimioterapia (4, somatostatina (3 e interferón (2 antes o después de la cirugía. La mediana de seguimiento fue de 48 meses. La supervivencia actuarial en el momento del estudio fue del 73,6% (14/19. Conclusiones: la edad fue similar a lo descrito en la literatura. El sexo predominante fue el masculino. La mayoría fueron no funcionantes (37%. La mayoría fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente (73%, con escasa morbilidad (28% y con una supervivencia actuarial en el momento de cerrar el estudio del 73,6%.

  3. I-123 MIBG imaging of metastatic carcinoid tumor from the rectum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, N; Seto, H; Ishiki, M; Shimizu, M; Kageyama, M; Wu, Y W; Nagayoshi, T; Kamisaki, Y; Kakishita, M

    1995-04-01

    I-131 MIBG, a specific radiopharmaceutical agent for scintigraphic imaging and treatment of pheochromocytoma and neuroblastoma may be useful for detection of apudomas. Scintigraphy with I-123 radiolabeled MIBG was performed in a patient with metastatic carcinoid tumor from the rectum. I-123 MIBG scintigraphic findings showed multiple areas of abnormal tumor uptake of hepatic and bone metastases from the rectal carcinoid. Bone scintigraphy demonstrated multiple metastatic lesions. Computed tomography revealed multiple solid tumors of the liver. This report describes accumulation of I-123 MIBG in the liver and bone metastases from the rectal carcinoid. Radioiodine MIBG scintigraphy may be useful for detecting metastatic lesions, for evaluating postoperative recurrence, and also for the treatment of the carcinoid tumor. PMID:7788995