WorldWideScience

Sample records for applications project attap

  1. Advanced Turbine Technology Applications Project (ATTAP). Annual report 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-03-01

    This report summarizes work performed by Garrett Auxiliary Power Division (GAPD), a unit of Allied-Signal Aerospace Company, during calendar year 1992, toward development and demonstration of structural ceramic technology for automotive gas turbine engines. This work was performed for the US Department of Energy (DOE) under National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Contract DEN3-335, Advanced Turbine Technology Applications Project (ATTAP). GAPD utilized the AGT101 regenerated gas turbine engine developed under the previous DOE/NASA Advanced Gas Turbine (AGT) program as the ATTAP test bed for ceramic engine technology demonstration. ATTAP focussed on improving AGT101 test bed reliability, development of ceramic design methodologies, and improvement of fabrication and materials processing technology by domestic US ceramics fabricators. A series of durability tests was conducted to verify technology advancements. This is the fifth in a series of technical summary reports published annually over the course of the five-year contract.

  2. Advanced Turbine Technology Applications Project (ATTAP). 1944 Annual report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    This report summarizes work performed in development and demonstration of structural ceramics technology for automotive gas turbine engines. At the end of this period, the project name was changed to ``Ceramic Turbine Engine Demonstration Project``, effective Jan. 1995. Objectives are to provide early field experience demonstrating the reliability and durability of ceramic components in a modified, available gas turbine engine application, and to scale up and improve the manufacturing processes for ceramic turbine engine components and demonstrate the application of these processes in the production environment. The 1994 ATTAP activities emphasized demonstration and refinement of the ceramic turbine nozzles in the AlliedSignal/Garrett Model 331-200[CT] engine test bed in preparation for field testing; improvements in understanding the vibration characteristics of the ceramic turbine blades; improvements in critical ceramics technologies; and scaleup of the process used to manufacture ceramic turbine components.

  3. Advanced Turbine Technology (ATTAP) Applications Project. 1992 Annual report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-12-01

    ATTAP activities during the past year included reference powertrain design (RPD) updates, test-bed engine design and development, ceramic component design, materials and component characterization, ceramic component development and fabrication, ceramic component rig testing, and test-bed engine fabrication and testing. RPD revisions included updating the baseline vehicle as well as the turbine RPD. Comparison of major performance parameters shows that the turbine engine installation exceeds critical fuel economy, emissions, and performance goals, and meets overall ATTAP objectives.

  4. Advanced Turbine Technology Applications Project (ATTAP) and Hybrid Vehicle Turbine Engine Technology Support project (HVTE-TS): Final summary report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-01

    This final technical report was prepared by Rolls-Royce Allison summarizing the multiyear activities of the Advanced Turbine Technology Applications Project (ATTAP) and the Hybrid Vehicle Turbine Engine Technology Support (HVTE-TS) project. The ATTAP program was initiated in October 1987 and continued through 1993 under sponsorship of the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy, Office of Transportation Technologies, Propulsion Systems, Advanced Propulsion Division. ATTAP was intended to advance the technological readiness of the automotive ceramic gas turbine engine. The target application was the prime power unit coupled to conventional transmissions and powertrains. During the early 1990s, hybrid electric powered automotive propulsion systems became the focus of development and demonstration efforts by the US auto industry and the Department of energy. Thus in 1994, the original ATTAP technology focus was redirected to meet the needs of advanced gas turbine electric generator sets. As a result, the program was restructured to provide the required hybrid vehicle turbine engine technology support and the project renamed HVTE-TS. The overall objective of the combined ATTAP and HVTE-TS projects was to develop and demonstrate structural ceramic components that have the potential for competitive automotive engine life cycle cost and for operating 3,500 hr in an advanced high temperature turbine engine environment. This report describes materials characterization and ceramic component development, ceramic components, hot gasifier rig testing, test-bed engine testing, combustion development, insulation development, and regenerator system development. 130 figs., 12 tabs.

  5. Advanced turbine technology applications project (ATTAP): Hybrid vehicle turbine engine technology support (HVTE-TS): Annual report, 1993-1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    This is the sixth of a series of reports documenting work performed on the ATTAP/HVTETS. This is a combined report to cover work performed in both 1993 and 1994. Progress is reported on ceramic component design and characterization, powertrain development, component rig testing and performance and durability testing.

  6. Capital Projects Application (CPA)

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — Capital Projects application (CPA) provides users with the ability to maintain project related financial data for Budget Activity (BA) 51, 55, 64, 01, 02, 03, 04....

  7. Project Portfolio Management Applications Testing

    OpenAIRE

    Paul POCATILU

    2006-01-01

    Many IT companies are running project simultaneously. In order to achieve the best results, they have to group to the project in portfolios, and to use specific software that helps to manage them. Project portfolio management applications have a high degree of complexity and they are very important for the companies that are using it. This paper focuses on some characteristics of the testing process for project portfolio management applications

  8. Application Coherency Manager Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This proposal describes an Application Coherency Manager that implements and manages the interdependencies of simulation, data, and platform information. It will...

  9. Project SEPA and its application

    OpenAIRE

    Konečná, Lucie

    2011-01-01

    The bachelors thesis on the theme "Project SEPA and its application" deals with the new regulation "end-dates" and its terms for transition to SEPA Credit Transfer and SEPA Direct Debit. In theoretical part, the thesis deals with consecutive creation of the project, present time and prediction of presumed development in the future. It also aims on the legislative adjustment, grounding subjects, description of SEPA Credit Transfer, SEPA Direct Debit and SEPA payment cards, whereas emphasis is ...

  10. Expert system application education project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzelez, Avelino J.; Ragusa, James M.

    1988-01-01

    Artificial intelligence (AI) technology, and in particular expert systems, has shown potential applicability in many areas of operation at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). In an era of limited resources, the early identification of good expert system applications, and their segregation from inappropriate ones can result in a more efficient use of available NASA resources. On the other hand, the education of students in a highly technical area such as AI requires an extensive hands-on effort. The nature of expert systems is such that proper sample applications for the educational process are difficult to find. A pilot project between NASA-KSC and the University of Central Florida which was designed to simultaneously address the needs of both institutions at a minimum cost. This project, referred to as Expert Systems Prototype Training Project (ESPTP), provided NASA with relatively inexpensive development of initial prototype versions of certain applications. University students likewise benefit by having expertise on a non-trivial problem accessible to them at no cost. Such expertise is indispensible in a hands-on training approach to developing expert systems.

  11. Project Portfolio Management Prototype Application Design

    OpenAIRE

    Paul POCATILU

    2007-01-01

    The management of project portfolio in a company requires the use of specific software, especially when the number of projects is significant. This paper is based on the Methodology for the development of IT projects portfolio management applications research project. This paper presents some of the results of a project portfolio application design.

  12. Project Assessment Skills Web Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goff, Samuel J.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this project is to utilize Ruby on Rails to create a web application that will replace a spreadsheet keeping track of training courses and tasks. The goal is to create a fast and easy to use web application that will allow users to track progress on training courses. This application will allow users to update and keep track of all of the training required of them. The training courses will be organized by group and by user, making readability easier. This will also allow group leads and administrators to get a sense of how everyone is progressing in training. Currently, updating and finding information from this spreadsheet is a long and tedious task. By upgrading to a web application, finding and updating information will be easier than ever as well as adding new training courses and tasks. Accessing this data will be much easier in that users just have to go to a website and log in with NDC credentials rather than request the relevant spreadsheet from the holder. In addition to Ruby on Rails, I will be using JavaScript, CSS, and jQuery to help add functionality and ease of use to my web application. This web application will include a number of features that will help update and track progress on training. For example, one feature will be to track progress of a whole group of users to be able to see how the group as a whole is progressing. Another feature will be to assign tasks to either a user or a group of users. All of these together will create a user friendly and functional web application.

  13. Applications in Engineering: Project MANUVAR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The European project belongs Maneuver the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Union, on the theme NMP-2007-3.1-1: Beyond Lean Manufacturing - New Industrial Models for Product and Process Life Cycle and aims to develop an innovative technology platform, based virtual environments, providing support to high value craft along the life cycle of a product, in order to increase productivity and quality and at the same time reducing the cost associated.

  14. Irreducible Projective Representations and Their Physical Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Yang, Jian

    2016-01-01

    An eigenfunction method was applied to reduce the regular projective representations (Reps) of finite groups, especially anti-unitary groups, into direct sum of their irreducible projective Reps. In this approach, there is no need to refer to the covering group. The Rep theory for anti-unitary groups are very different from that of unitary groups, for instance, the character is no longer a good quantity, the Schur's lemma should be modified and consequently the number of irreducible (projective or linear) Reps of the same class is not always the same as the number of linearly independent class operators. Physical applications of irreducible projective Reps are discussed.

  15. LTO License Application Project NPP Borssele

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Borssele NPP plans to extend its operating life with 20 years until 2034. Borssele has started the project LTO 'bewijsvoering' (LTO 'Justification') in order to meet the requirements of the Dutch regulator. The outline of the project is based on IAEA safety guide 57 'Safe Long Term Operation of Nuclear Power Plants'. This paper describes the contents and coherence of the different parts in the project and how these respond to the IAEA guidelines on LTO. The goal of the project LTO 'bewijsvoering' is to ensure that safety and safety relevant systems, structures and components continue to perform their intended functions during long term operation. The outcome of the project LTO 'bewijsvoering' will be used for a license change application and this will be submitted to the Dutch regulator KFD for approval of prolonged operation of Borssele NPP after 2013. (author)

  16. Active Contour Projection for Multimedia Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fan Yang

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Active contour methods can be used to segment a 3D mesh into parts by iteratively moving the contour to the mesh region that minimizes the contour energy. However, as the contour moves, it often does not lie on the mesh surface. To address this problem, existing methods use either vertex/edge projection or mesh parameterization to obtain the corresponding contour on the mesh surface. Although vertex/edge projection methods are simple, they may create unwanted loops along the projected contour due to irregular mesh connectivity or modeling noise. Extra operations, which are often complex, are needed to remove such loops. On the other hand, mesh parameterization suffers from distortion and out-of-range problems, which are not trivial to solve. In this paper, we propose a face projection method to address the above problems. Our experiments show that the proposed method produces much smoother, more consistent and accurate projected contours than existing methods. At the end of the paper, we also show some multimedia applications of our method.

  17. Understanding Applications of Project Planning and Scheduling in Construction Projects

    OpenAIRE

    AlNasseri, Hammad Abdullah

    2015-01-01

    Construction project life-cycle processes must be managed in a more effective and predictable way to meet project stakeholders’ needs. However, there is increasing concern about whether know-how effectively improves understanding of underlying theories of project management processes for construction organizations and their project managers. Project planning and scheduling are considered as key and challenging tools in controlling and monitoring project performance, but many worldwide constru...

  18. Project Design and Project Management Methodology Application in a Company

    OpenAIRE

    Varyšová, Tereza

    2011-01-01

    The master’s thesis deals with the design of the project to create a corporate kindergarten in the company Quality Brands. The first part is devoted to theoretical knowledge of project management, then the author analyzes the current situation in terms of possibilities for createing the corporate kindergarten and interest of staff. The final part is devoted to the project proposal.

  19. Calculation and application of liquidus projection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Shuanglin; CAO Weisheng; YANG Ying; ZHANG Fan; WU Kaisheng; DU Yong; Y.Austin Chang

    2006-01-01

    Liquidus projection usually refers to a two-dimensional projection of ternary liquidus univariant lines at constant pressure. The algorithms used in Pandat for the calculation of liquidus projection with isothermal lines and invariant reaction equations in a ternary system are presented. These algorithms have been extended to multicomponent liquidus projections and have also been implemented in Pandat. Some examples on ternary and quaternary liquidus projections are presented.

  20. Formal methods demonstration project for space applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divito, Ben L.

    1995-01-01

    The Space Shuttle program is cooperating in a pilot project to apply formal methods to live requirements analysis activities. As one of the larger ongoing shuttle Change Requests (CR's), the Global Positioning System (GPS) CR involves a significant upgrade to the Shuttle's navigation capability. Shuttles are to be outfitted with GPS receivers and the primary avionics software will be enhanced to accept GPS-provided positions and integrate them into navigation calculations. Prior to implementing the CR, requirements analysts at Loral Space Information Systems, the Shuttle software contractor, must scrutinize the CR to identify and resolve any requirements issues. We describe an ongoing task of the Formal Methods Demonstration Project for Space Applications whose goal is to find an effective way to use formal methods in the GPS CR requirements analysis phase. This phase is currently under way and a small team from NASA Langley, ViGYAN Inc. and Loral is now engaged in this task. Background on the GPS CR is provided and an overview of the hardware/software architecture is presented. We outline the approach being taken to formalize the requirements, only a subset of which is being attempted. The approach features the use of the PVS specification language to model 'principal functions', which are major units of Shuttle software. Conventional state machine techniques form the basis of our approach. Given this background, we present interim results based on a snapshot of work in progress. Samples of requirements specifications rendered in PVS are offered to illustration. We walk through a specification sketch for the principal function known as GPS Receiver State processing. Results to date are summarized and feedback from Loral requirements analysts is highlighted. Preliminary data is shown comparing issues detected by the formal methods team versus those detected using existing requirements analysis methods. We conclude by discussing our plan to complete the remaining

  1. Graphitic Carbon Foam Structural Cores and Multifunctional Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Project will procure available graphite foam products in small quantities, perform testing, and build simple prototype designs. Several specific applications have...

  2. Projection Theory and Its Application into Media Discourse Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵宏

    2008-01-01

    Projection is a kind of logical-semantic relation which refers to the phenomenon that the secondary clause is projected through the primary clause, which instates it as a locution or an idea. Halliday conducts the basic research on projection from the functional perspective. Then Martin and Zeng try to develop Halliday's projection theory, resulting in a comprehensive framework of projection. Finally the projection theory is applied into the analysis of a sample media discourse. And projection theory is of great help in its application into media discourse analysis.

  3. 30 CFR 402.10 - Research-project applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... project title, project objectives, background information, research tasks, methodology to conduct the... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Research-project applications. 402.10 Section 402.10 Mineral Resources GEOLOGICAL SURVEY, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR WATER-RESOURCES...

  4. Nanostructures for Electronic and Sensing Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The proposed project will develop sensors and electronic components from metal oxide based nanotubes and nanowires. These nanostructured materials will be grown...

  5. Selection method of the project management methodology and its application

    OpenAIRE

    Kononenko, Igor; Kharazii, Anna; Iranik, N.

    2013-01-01

    The task of selecting the methodology for managing a specific project is analyzed. The method, consisting of 2 stages, is suggested. At the first stage a project manager has to fill out a questionnaire. Based on the obtained results, a corresponding project management methodology is suggested. The second stage is devoted to evaluation of the work content of managing the project with the methodologies under study, the cost and risks of their application. Solution for the three-criterial optimi...

  6. Project Design and Application of Methodology of Project Management in the Company

    OpenAIRE

    Entlová, Radka

    2014-01-01

    The master’s thesis considers a project proposal for development of application software for customer’s needs. The thesis specifies the basic concepts and methods of project management. It contains analysis of the current state of company and its environment. The thesis focuses on the project proposal.

  7. Application of Important Factors in Tunnel Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siamak Bagherian

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this thesis is to improve the quality of the basis for making decisions about tender prices and budgets for tunnel projects by developing a model for the estimation of construction time and cost. The planning and constructing of extensions to existing road and railway networks is an ongoing mission of transport infrastructure development. For functional, aesthetic or environmental reasons, a large number of these extensions are planned as tunnels. In the planning and procurement phases of tunnel projects, numerous decisions have to be made in relation to the tender price and project budget.

  8. Nanotube MMC for Structural Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Aluminum based metal matrix composites are particularly attractive in aviation and aerospace applications because of their exceptional strength and...

  9. Overview of the LCG applications area software projects

    CERN Document Server

    Pfeiffer, Andreas

    2004-01-01

    The Applications Area of the LHC Computing Grid Project (LCG) develops part of the physics applications software and associated infrastructure that can be shared among the LHC experiments. The scope includes common applications software infrastructure, frameworks, libraries and tools, together with domain specific components such as simulation and analysis toolkits. The work of the applications area is conducted within a number of projects: software process and infrastructure (SPI), persistency framework (POOL), core libraries and services (SEAL), physicist interface (PI), and simulation (SIMU). ROOT, which is a general purpose object oriented framework that implements software for managing object persistency and for supporting interactive data analysis and visualization, is also used to implement vital parts of Applications Area software. The project has been in an active development phase for more than 2 years and is being integrated by the experiments in their frameworks on which they base the applications...

  10. Shielded ADR Magnets For Space Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Phase II program will concentrate on manufacturing of qualified low-current, light-weight, 10K ADR magnets for space application. Shielded ADR solenoidal...

  11. Composite Matrix Systems for Cryogenic Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — As an alternative material to aluminum-lithium, cryotanks developed from fiber reinforced composites can offer significant weight savings in applications for fuel...

  12. Mobile Application Development: Component Retrieval System Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The proposed technology development concept is a software application tool developed for use on a mobile device at SSC for use in the component retrieval system...

  13. Longwave Imaging for Astronomical Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — We propose to develop a compact portable longwave camera for astronomical applications. In Phase 1, we successfully developed the eye of the camera, i.e. the focal...

  14. Shielded ADR Magnets For Space Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — An important consideration of the use of superconducting magnets in ADR applications is shielding of the other instruments in the vicinity of the superconducting...

  15. Novel Lightweight Magnets for Space Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — TYRC of Tallahassee, Florida will design, fabricate and test a novel magnet for space applications. This lightweight magnet will be designed to operate at higher...

  16. Longwave Imaging for Astronomical Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — We propose to develop a compact portable longwave camera for astronomical applications. In Phase 1, we will develop and deliver the focal plane array (FPA) - a...

  17. The four-level project success framework: application and assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Eskander Howsawi; David Eager; Ravindra Bagia; Klaus Niebecker

    2014-01-01

    Success is one of the ultimate goals of any project endeavour. Thus, clarifying the meaning of success is a vital step in achieving the desired success. In this study, the authors reviewed the project success literature and provided a framework for defining and evaluating project success. The framework consists of four levels that contain the possible criteria for assessing and evaluating success. The authors demonstrate the framework by case application. Further, experts in the field of proj...

  18. Selecting Map Projections in Minimizing Area Distortions in GIS Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Kaya

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Varioussoftware for Geographical Information Systems (GISs have been developed and used in many different engineering projects. In GIS applications, map coverage is important in terms of performing reliable and meaningful queries. Map projections can be conformal, equal-area and equidistant. The goal of an application plays an important role in choosing one of those projections. Choosing the equal-area projection for an application in which area information is used (forestry, agriculture, ecosystem etc reduces the amount of distortion on the area, but many users using GIS ignore this fact and continue to use applications with present map sheets no matter in what map projection it is. For example, extracting area information from data whose country system’s map sheet is in conformal projection is relatively more distorted, compared to an equal-area projection one. The goal of this study is to make the best decision in choosing the most proper equal-area projection among the choices provided by ArcGIS 9.0, which is a popular GIS software package, and making a comparison on area errors when conformal projection is used. In this study, the area of parcels chosen in three different regions and geographic coordinates and whose sizes vary between 0.01 to 1,000,000 ha are calculated according to Transversal Mercator (TM, 3°, Universal Transversal Mercator (UTM, 6° and 14 different equal-area projections existing in the ArcGIS 9.0 GIS software package. The parcel areas calculated with geographical coordinates are accepted as definite. The difference between the sizes calculated according to projection coordinates and real sizes of the parcels are determined. Consequently, the appropriate projections are decided for the areas smaller and equal than 1,000 ha and greater than 1,000 ha in the GIS software package.

  19. The GREHDA Project: Galileo Software Receiver for High Dynamic Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Di Cintio, Andrea; Montenbruck, Oliver; Lo Presti, Leticia; Guyader, Eric; Reidevall, Martin

    2006-01-01

    The GREHDA project (GALILEO Software Receiver for High Dynamic Applications) is funded by the Galileo Joint Undertaking under the 6th Framework Program, and addresses the design of Galileo receivers for space applications with limited financial and engineering budgets. The project objectives are: to design, develop and validate highdynamics tracking and acquisition algorithms by means of dedicated simulation tools; to propose a conceptual design of the receiver basic hardware and software pla...

  20. Project 6: Cumulative Risk Assessment (CRA) Methods and Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Project 6: CRA Methods and Applications addresses the need to move beyond traditional risk assessment practices by developing CRA methods to integrate and evaluate impacts of chemical and nonchemical stressors on the environment and human health. Project 6 has three specific obje...

  1. QFD Application to a Software - Intensive System Development Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, T. L.

    1996-01-01

    This paper describes the use of Quality Function Deployment (QFD), adapted to requirements engineering for a software-intensive system development project, and sysnthesizes the lessons learned from the application of QFD to the Network Control System (NCS) pre-project of the Deep Space Network.

  2. Is Agile Project Management Applicable to Construction?

    OpenAIRE

    Owen, Robert; Koskela, Lauri; Henrich, Guilherme; Codinhoto, Ricardo

    2006-01-01

    This paper briefly summarises the evolution of Agile Project Management (APM) and differentiates it from lean and agile production and ‘leagile’ construction. The significant benefits being realized through employment of APM within the information systems industry are stated. The characteristics of APM are explored, including: philosophy, organizational attitudes and practices, planning, execution and control and learning. Finally, APM is subjectively assessed as to its potential contribution...

  3. Minimal Technologies Application Project: Planning and installation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zellmer, S.D.; Hinchman, R.R.; Severinghaus, W.D.; Johnson, D.O.; Brent, J.J.

    1989-03-01

    Intensive and continuous tactical training during the last 35 years at the Hohenfels Training Area in West Germany has caused the loss of vegetative ground cover and has accelerated soil erosion rates, resulting in extensive environmental damage, safety hazards, and unrealistic training habitats. The objectives of this project are to develop and evaluate revegetation procedures for establishing adequate vegetative cover to control erosion at minimal costs and disruption to training activities. This project involved the development and installation of 12 revegetation procedures that combined four seedbed preparation methods and seeding options with three site-closure periods. In March 1987, the four seedbed preparation/seeding options and closure periods were selected, a study site design and location chosen, and specifications for the revegetation procedures developed. A German rehabilitation contractor attempted the specified seedbed preparation and seeding on the 13.5-ha site in June, but abnormally high rainfall, usually wet site conditions, and lack of adequate equipment prevented the contractor from completing six of the 12 planned procedures. Planning and execution of the project has nonetheless provided valuable information on the importance and use of soil analytical results, seed availability and cost data, contractor equipment requirements, and time required for planning future revegetation efforts. Continued monitoring of vegetative ground cover at the site for the next two years, combined with cost information, will provide necessary data to determine which of the six revegetation procedures is the most effective. These data will be used in planning future rehabilitation efforts on tactical training areas.

  4. Towards sentiment analysis application in housing projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahadzir, Nurul Husna; Omar, Mohd Faizal; Nawi, Mohd Nasrun Mohd

    2016-08-01

    In becoming a develop nation by 2020, Malaysia Government realized the need in providing affordable house to the public. Since Second Malaysia Plan, government has implemented various affordable housing projects and it continues until recent Malaysia Plan. To measure the effectiveness of the initiatives taken, public opinion is necessary. A social media platform has been seen as the most effective mechanism to get information on people's thought and feeling towards certain issues. One of the best ways to extract emotions and thoughts from what people post in social media is through Sentiment Analysis (SA). There are three different levels of analysis: document level, sentence level and feature level. Most of previous research focused on the classification of sentiment at document or sentence level. Unfortunately, both document and sentence level does not discover what exactly people like or not. While the analysis based on feature, there exist accuracy problem when classifying the sentiment scores. This paper will propose a new framework that focuses on sentiment classification scores at feature level to overcome the uncertainty and accuracy issues on the result.

  5. Green Applications for Space Power Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Joel (Principal Investigator)

    2014-01-01

    Spacecraft propulsion and power for many decades has relied on Hydrazine monopropellant technology for auxiliary power units (APU), orbital circularization, orbit raising/lowering and attitude control. However, Hydrazine is toxic and therefore requires special ground handling procedures to ensure launch crew safety. The Swedish Company ECAPS has developed a technology based upon the propellant Ammonium Dinitramide (ADN) that offers higher performance, higher density and reduced ground handling support than Hydrazine. This blended propellant is called LMP-103S. Currently, the United States Air Force (USAF) is pursuing a technology based on Hydroxyl Ammonium Nitrate (HAN, otherwise known as AF-M315E) with industry partners Aerojet and Moog. Based on the advantages offered by these propellants, MSFC should explore powering APU's with these propellants. Due to the availability of space hardware, the principal investigator has found a collection of USAF hardware, that will act as a surrogate, which operates on a Hydrazine derivative. The F-16 fighter jet uses H-70 or 30% diluted Hydrazine for an Emergency Power Unit (EPU) which supplies power to the plane. The PI has acquired two EPU's from planes slated for destruction at the Davis Monthan AFB. This CIF will include a partnership with 2 other NASA Centers who are individually seeking seed funds from their respective organizations: Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and Dryden Flight Research Center (DFRC). KSC is preparing for future flights from their launch pads that will utilize green propellants and desire a low-cost testbed in which to test and calibrate new leak detection sensors. DFRC has access to F-16's which can be used by MSFC & KSC to perform a ground test that demonstrates emergency power supplied to the jet. Neither of the green propellant alternatives have been considered nor evaluated for an APU application. Work has already been accomplished to characterize and obtain the properties of these 2 propellants

  6. Sandia photovoltaic systems definition and application experiment projects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jones, G.

    1983-04-01

    A compilation is given of the abstracts and visual material used in presentation at the Fourth Photovoltaic Systems Definition and Applications Projects Integration Meeting held at the Marriott Hotel, April 12-14, 1983, in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The meeting provided a forum for detailed analyses on recently completed and current activities. These activities include systems research, balance-of-system technology development, residential experimentation, and evaluation of intermediate-sized applications.

  7. The Application of Games Theory to Group Project Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitt, M. J.

    2000-01-01

    Application of game theory to small-group project evaluation in higher education instruction finds that the best strategy for students wishing high grades may not be a strategy that promotes teamwork and cooperation. Suggests that putting students into groups may randomly disadvantage some students relative to others, producing serious unfairness…

  8. Application for approval of the Cold Lake Expansion Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Imperial Oil Resources Limited applied to the Alberta Energy and Utilities Board for approval to expand its operations at Cold Lake, Alberta and to construct and operate an electrical power plant and electrical generator substation. Imperial Oil also applied to the Alberta Environmental Protection Branch to prepare the site for a new central plant for the expansion. The company also requested a short-term groundwater withdrawal permit to provide temporary water supply for start-up. Imperial Oil claims that the project is in the public interests given the project's social, environmental and economic effects. Imperial Oil submitted this 4 volume document in support of their application. The documentation includes a project description, an environmental impact assessment, a biophysical and resource use assessment, a socio-economic assessment, and environmental baseline studies. The project is scheduled for start-up in late 1999 at a total cost of at least $440 million. refs., tabs., figs

  9. Application of expert systems in project management decision aiding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Regina; Shaffer, Steven; Stokes, James; Goldstein, David

    1987-01-01

    The feasibility of developing an expert systems-based project management decision aid to enhance the performance of NASA project managers was assessed. The research effort included extensive literature reviews in the areas of project management, project management decision aiding, expert systems technology, and human-computer interface engineering. Literature reviews were augmented by focused interviews with NASA managers. Time estimation for project scheduling was identified as the target activity for decision augmentation, and a design was developed for an Integrated NASA System for Intelligent Time Estimation (INSITE). The proposed INSITE design was judged feasible with a low level of risk. A partial proof-of-concept experiment was performed and was successful. Specific conclusions drawn from the research and analyses are included. The INSITE concept is potentially applicable in any management sphere, commercial or government, where time estimation is required for project scheduling. As project scheduling is a nearly universal management activity, the range of possibilities is considerable. The INSITE concept also holds potential for enhancing other management tasks, especially in areas such as cost estimation, where estimation-by-analogy is already a proven method.

  10. Nuclear application in industry RCA Industrial Project (1982-1991)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The project on the Industrial Application of Isotopes and Radiation was carried out under the Regional Co-operative Agreement (RCA) for Research, Development and Training related to Nuclear Science and Technology in Asia and the Pacific 1982 to 1991. The project was underpinned by UNDP funding and supplemented by extra-budgetary financing mostly from Japan, Australia and IAEA but with some contributions from India and China. There were also major inputs from the 'in kind' contributions made by the participating Member States. Altogether some US$ 14.3 million have been identified as the total contribution to the support of the activities over these ten years

  11. Results of 'decontamination model project' and application to decontamination operations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes 'Decontamination Model Project,' which aims to collect the data related to decontamination and to arrange them for providing the results, for the purpose of judgment on how to implement radioactive decontamination in wide areas as the first experience in Japan. This was the project that Japan Atomic Energy Agency was entrusted by the government, and it was completed in June 2012. This project arranged the following items as information. (1) Various decontamination technologies and methods including applicability / effects, cost, necessary manpower, required time, and technological detail such as the treatment method of waste generated from decontamination and storage method of the waste, (2) Radiation control such as exposure control for workers and securement of general work safety, and (3) Communication with related local governments and local residents. This project is a pilot-trial work in order to measure to what extent decontamination is possible for what substances by what method, but numerical target such as the goal depletion ratio of air dose rate is not specified. However, this project comparatively arranged the results on how much extents the individual item affected surface decontamination. As the conclusion, this paper picks out the points that should be considered in the future full-scale decontamination work, from the results obtained by the experience of this project. (1) preliminary monitoring, (2) safety and operation / maintenance of temporary storage sites, and (3) radiation control involved in decontamination work. (O.A.)

  12. SAR China Land Mapping Project: Development, Production and Potential Applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Large-area, seamless synthetic aperture radar (SAR) mosaics can reflect overall environmental conditions and highlight general trends in observed areas from a macroscopic standpoint, and effectively support research at the global scale, which is in high demand now across scientific fields. The SAR China Land Mapping Project (SCLM), supported by the Digital Earth Science Platform Project initiated and managed by the Center for Earth Observation and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CEODE), is introduced in this paper. This project produced a large-area SAR mosaic dataset and generated the first complete seamless SAR map covering the entire land area of China using EnviSat-ASAR images. The value of the mosaic map is demonstrated by some potential applications in studies of urban distribution, rivers and lakes, geologic structures, geomorphology and paleoenvironmental change

  13. Laser-activated remote phosphor light engine for projection applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniels, Martin; Mehl, Oliver; Hartwig, Ulrich

    2015-09-01

    Recent developments in blue emitting laser diodes enable attractive solutions in projection applications using phosphors for efficient light conversion with very high luminance levels. Various commercially available projectors incorporating this technology have entered the market in the past years. While luminous flux levels are still comparable to lamp-based systems, lifetime expectations of classical lamp systems are exceeded by far. OSRAM GmbH has been exploring this technology for several years and has introduced the PHASER® brand name (Phosphor + laser). State-of-the-art is a rotating phosphor wheel excited by blue laser diodes to deliver the necessary primary colors, either sequentially for single-imager projection engines, or simultaneously for 3-panel systems. The PHASER® technology enables flux and luminance scaling, which allows for smaller imagers and therefore cost-efficient projection solutions. The resulting overall efficiency and ANSI lumen specification at the projection screen of these systems is significantly determined by the target color gamut and the light transmission efficiency of the projection system. With increasing power and flux level demand, thermal issues, especially phosphor conversion related, dominate the opto-mechanical system design requirements. These flux levels are a great challenge for all components of an SSL-projection system (SSL:solid-state lighting). OSRAḾs PHASER® light engine platform is constantly expanded towards higher luminous flux levels as well as higher luminance levels for various applications. Recent experiments employ blue laser pump powers of multiple 100 Watts to excite various phosphors resulting in luminous flux levels of more than 40 klm.

  14. Overview of Materials and Power Applications of Coated Conductors Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiohara, Yuh; Taneda, Takahiro; Yoshizumi, Masateru

    2012-01-01

    There are high expectations for coated conductors in electric power applications such as superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) systems, power cables, and transformers owing to their ability to contribute to stabilizing and increasing the capacity of the electric power supply grid as well as to reducing CO2 emission as a result of their high critical-current characteristics. Research and development has been performed on wires/tapes and electric power devices worldwide. The Materials and Power Applications of Coated Conductors (M-PACC) Project is a five-year national project in Japan started in 2008, supported by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) and the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO), to develop both coated conductors that meet market requirements and basic technologies for the above-mentioned power applications using coated conductors. In this article, research and development results are reviewed and compared with the interim/final targets of the project, and future prospects are discussed.

  15. Application of Locality Preserving Projections in Face Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shermina.J

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract– Face recognition technology has evolved as anenchanting solution to address the contemporary needs in orderto perform identification and verification of identity claims. Byadvancing the feature extraction methods and dimensionalityreduction techniques in the application of pattern recognition, anumber of face recognition systems has been developed withdistinct degrees of success. Locality preserving projection (LPPis a recently proposed method for unsupervised lineardimensionality reduction. LPP preserve the local structure offace image space which is usually more significant than theglobal structure preserved by principal component analysis(PCA and linear discriminant analysis (LDA. This paperfocuses on a systematic analysis of locality-preservingprojections and the application of LPP in combination with anexisting technique This combined approach of LPP throughMPCA can preserve the global and the local structure of the faceimage which is proved very effective. Proposed approach istested using the AT & T face database. Experimental resultsshow the significant improvements in the face recognitionperformance in comparison with some previous methods.

  16. Agile informatics: application of agile project management to the development of a personal health application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Jeanhee; Pankey, Evan; Norris, Ryan J

    2007-01-01

    We describe the application of the Agile method-- a short iteration cycle, user responsive, measurable software development approach-- to the project management of a modular personal health record, iHealthSpace, to be deployed to the patients and providers of a large academic primary care practice. PMID:18694014

  17. Gulf offshore satellite applications project (GOSAP) (ERS-1 Pilot Project PP-USA-1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biegert, E. K.; Baker, R. N.; Sailor, Richard V.; Schaudt, K. E.; Macdonald, Ian R.; Tapley, Bryon D.; Shum, C. K.; Amos, John F.; Berry, J. L.; Herring, A. T.

    1994-01-01

    Project GOSAP is a multi organizational effort to determine how best to use remote sensing technology, and ERS-1 data in particular, to address offshore problems and operations faced by the exploration and marine engineering industries, in the Gulf of Mexico. Remotely sensed data integrated with sea truth are used to quantify meteorologic and oceanographic events, to detect and track ocean currents and gyres, to image the sea floor, map subsurface geology, or detect oil seeps from orbital altitudes. Participants are evaluating the potential for satellite based offshore exploration, ocean engineering, and environmental applications using combined satellite and airborne measurements constrained by real time sea truth.

  18. A novel project management theory and its applicability

    OpenAIRE

    Erguner, Abdulkerim.

    2008-01-01

    Software Project Management is an emerging discipline. The software project manager's job comprises every aspect of the project from starting the project to closing out. Practitioner's of the discipline use several project management tools in managing diverse aspects of software projects. However, there is no existing management theory that combines different aspects of a software project and results in a complete picture. This study discusses a theory and modeling language which combine sev...

  19. Recent advances in VECSELs for laser projection applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindberg, H.; Illek, S.; Pietzonka, I.; Furitsch, M.; Plößl, A.; Haupt, S.; Kühnelt, M.; Schulz, R.; Steegmüller, U.; Höfer, T.; Strauß, U.

    2011-03-01

    Laser projectors integrated in portable devices offer a new platform for media display but put strong demands on the laser sources in terms of efficiency, modulation band width, operating temperature range and device cost. Osram Opto Semiconductors has developed and produces synthetic green lasers for projection applications on which the latest results are reported. Based on vertical external cavity surface emitting laser (VECSEL) technology and second harmonic generation an output power of >75mW has been achieved. The maximum output power is to a large extent limited by the high thermal resistance of the monolithic VECSEL chip used. To overcome the thermal limitations a new thinfilm VECSEL chip design is proposed where the epitaxial layers are transferred to a silicon carrier and processed on wafer level, thus significantly lowering the thermal resistance and improving the maximum output power.

  20. 38 CFR 17.255 - Applications for grants for programs which include construction projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... specifications for the construction project, and where applicable, sufficient explanations of technical... for programs which include construction projects. 17.255 Section 17.255 Pensions, Bonuses, and... Applications for grants for programs which include construction projects. In addition to the documents...

  1. Knowledge Transfer in R&D Project Management: Application to Business-academia Collaboration Project

    OpenAIRE

    Uchihira, Naoshi; Hirabayashi, Yuji; Sugihara, Taro; Hiraishi, Kunihiko; Ikawa, Yasuo

    2012-01-01

    This paper proposes a method of project management knowledge transfer in order to increase the success probability of R&D projects. Our method consists of knowledge externalization and knowledge internalization. "Structured project analysis" is a method of knowledge externalization that reviews a finished project and produces a structured project case. "Internalization workshop" is a method enabling managers to internalize the project management knowledge based on the analogical transfer appr...

  2. School Transition to the State-Social Management System Based on the Project Approach Application

    OpenAIRE

    N. V. Nemova

    2015-01-01

    The paper looks at the opportunities for the school transition to the state-social management system based on the project approach application. The principle methods and procedures for the project initiation are observed along with the project organization and planning, recourse provision and project monitoring. According to the author, the most effective form of initiating the management modernization project simultaneously involves the two participants: the internal (school management) and ...

  3. MAGDAS Project for Space Weather Research and Application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Space Environment Research Center (SERC), Kyushu University, is currently deploying a new ground-based magnetometer network of MAGnetic Data Acqusition System (MAGDAS), in cooperation with about 30 organizations in the world, in order to understand the complex Sun-Earth system for space weather research and application. SERC will conducts MAGDAS observation at 50 stations in the Circum-pan Pacific Magnetometer Network (CPMN) region, and FM-CW radar observation along the 210 deg. magnetic meridian (MM) during the IHY/ILWS/CAWSES periods. This project is actively providing the following space weather monitoring:(1) Global 3-dimensional current system to know electromagnetic coupling of the region 1 and 2 field-aligned currents, auroral electrojet current, Sq current, and equatorial electrojet current. (2) Plasma mass density along the 210 deg. MM to understand plasma environment change during space storms. (3) Ionospheric electric field intensity with 10-sec sampling at L = 1.26 to understand how the external electric field penetrates into the equatorial ionosphere.

  4. MAGDAS Project for Space Weather Research and Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yumoto, Kiyohumi

    2009-06-01

    The Space Environment Research Center (SERC), Kyushu University, is currently deploying a new ground-based magnetometer network of MAGnetic Data Acqusition System (MAGDAS), in cooperation with about 30 organizations in the world, in order to understand the complex Sun-Earth system for space weather research and application. SERC will conducts MAGDAS observation at 50 stations in the Circum-pan Pacific Magnetometer Network (CPMN) region, and FM-CW radar observation along the 210° magnetic meridian (MM) during the IHY/ILWS/CAWSES periods. This project is actively providing the following space weather monitoring: (1) Global 3-dimensional current system to know electromagnetic coupling of the region 1 and 2 field-aligned currents, auroral electrojet current, Sq current, and equatorial electrojet current. (2) Plasma mass density along the 210° MM to understand plasma environment change during space storms. (3) Ionospheric electric field intensity with 10-sec sampling at L = 1.26 to understand how the external electric field penetrates into the equatorial ionosphere.

  5. Project Management Methodology for the Development of M-Learning Web Based Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian VISOIU

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available M-learning web based applications are a particular case of web applications designed to be operated from mobile devices. Also, their purpose is to implement learning aspects. Project management of such applications takes into account the identified peculiarities. M-learning web based application characteristics are identified. M-learning functionality covers the needs of an educational process. Development is described taking into account the mobile web and its influences over the analysis, design, construction and testing phases. Activities building up a work breakdown structure for development of m-learning web based applications are presented. Project monitoring and control techniques are proposed. Resources required for projects are discussed.

  6. An application of project management to deliver low cost housing at Metsimaholo Local Municipality / Matswe Nathaniel Masike

    OpenAIRE

    Masike, Matswe Nathaniel

    2011-01-01

    The study is based on the context of project management; the discipline which employs skills and knowledge to achieve project goals through various project activities. The study concentrates on project management applications to deliver low cost houses (LCH) in the Metsimaholo Local Municipality (MLM). The main purpose of project management application is to enable project managers to track the progress of a project that they are working on. Institutions working on a very large project requir...

  7. Integrating workflow and project management systems for PLM applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Fonseca Pereira de Paula

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The adoption of Product Life-cycle Management Systems (PLMs concept is fundamental to improve the product development, mainly to small and medium enterprises (SMEs. One of the challenges is the integration between project management and product data management functions. The paper presents an analysis of the potential integration strategies for a specifics product data management system (SMARTEAM and a project management system (Microsoft Project, which are commonly used for SMEs. Finally the article presents some considerations about the study of Project Management solutions in SMB’s companies, considering the PLM approach. Key-words: integration, project management (PM, workflow, PDM, PLM.

  8. 75 FR 61479 - Kendall Head Tidal Energy Project; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-05

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Kendall Head Tidal Energy Project; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application... Tidal Energy Project, located in the Western Passage in the Atlantic Ocean in Washington County, Maine... estimated annual generation of the Kendall Head Tidal Energy Project would be 3.12 to 3.96...

  9. A hybrid incremental projection method for thermal-hydraulics applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christon, Mark A.; Bakosi, Jozsef; Nadiga, Balasubramanya T.; Berndt, Markus; Francois, Marianne M.; Stagg, Alan K.; Xia, Yidong; Luo, Hong

    2016-07-01

    A new second-order accurate, hybrid, incremental projection method for time-dependent incompressible viscous flow is introduced in this paper. The hybrid finite-element/finite-volume discretization circumvents the well-known Ladyzhenskaya-Babuška-Brezzi conditions for stability, and does not require special treatment to filter pressure modes by either Rhie-Chow interpolation or by using a Petrov-Galerkin finite element formulation. The use of a co-velocity with a high-resolution advection method and a linearly consistent edge-based treatment of viscous/diffusive terms yields a robust algorithm for a broad spectrum of incompressible flows. The high-resolution advection method is shown to deliver second-order spatial convergence on mixed element topology meshes, and the implicit advective treatment significantly increases the stable time-step size. The algorithm is robust and extensible, permitting the incorporation of features such as porous media flow, RANS and LES turbulence models, and semi-/fully-implicit time stepping. A series of verification and validation problems are used to illustrate the convergence properties of the algorithm. The temporal stability properties are demonstrated on a range of problems with 2 ≤ CFL ≤ 100. The new flow solver is built using the Hydra multiphysics toolkit. The Hydra toolkit is written in C++ and provides a rich suite of extensible and fully-parallel components that permit rapid application development, supports multiple discretization techniques, provides I/O interfaces, dynamic run-time load balancing and data migration, and interfaces to scalable popular linear solvers, e.g., in open-source packages such as HYPRE, PETSc, and Trilinos.

  10. Integrating workflow and project management systems for PLM applications

    OpenAIRE

    Fabio Fonseca Pereira de Paula; Daniel Capaldo Amaral; Henrique Rozenfeld

    2008-01-01

    The adoption of Product Life-cycle Management Systems (PLMs) concept is fundamental to improve the product development, mainly to small and medium enterprises (SMEs). One of the challenges is the integration between project management and product data management functions. The paper presents an analysis of the potential integration strategies for a specifics product data management system (SMARTEAM) and a project management system (Microsoft Project), which are commonly used for SMEs. Finally...

  11. Application of EMTP in China s UHVAC Pilot Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Considering the characteristics of the UHVAC Pilot Project in China,the importance of study on electromagnetic transient overvoltage in UHVAC projects is demonstrated in this paper.Through analysis and comparison on the simulation programs for electromagnetic transient overvoltages,EMTP is then recommended for the UHVAC Pilot Project in China.The element models in EMTP used in simulating power frequency overvoltage and power resonance of non-entire phase operation,etc.,are introduced.The paper also points o...

  12. A multi-agent system with application in project scheduling

    OpenAIRE

    Constanța Nicoleta BODEA; Ileana Ruxandra BADEA; Radu-Ioan MOGOȘ

    2011-01-01

    The new economic and social dynamics increase project complexity and makes scheduling problems more difficult, therefore scheduling requires more versatile solutions as Multi Agent Systems (MAS). In this paper the authors analyze the implementation of a Multi-Agent System (MAS) considering two scheduling problems: TCPSP (Time-Constrained Project Scheduling), and RCPSP (Resource-Constrained Project Scheduling). The authors propose an improved BDI (Beliefs, Desires, and Intentions) model and pr...

  13. Application for the technology overview of web projects based on automatic analysis of repositories

    OpenAIRE

    POLANC, ALJANA

    2016-01-01

    This thesis comprises the development and presentation of an application which aims to facilitate the overview of the technical and other data of web projects that are being developed or maintained in a company. The application automatically updates the collection of relevant data of the web projects by integrating with the GitHub web service, where it obtains the information regarding programming languages, libraries, other technologies, project contributors and other important data. In the ...

  14. Fuzzy Assessment Method and Its Application to Selecting Project Managers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Open competition is a new form of the assessment of candidates and selection of project managers. This has many merits compared to the traditional administrative method of appointment. This article introduces a method of fuzzy assessment of project manager candidates. Fuzzy assessment unifies objective qualitative and quantitative appraisal and can be used for improving decision-making in the selection process.

  15. The REAL (Relevant, Exciting, Applicable Lessons) Project: Thematic Language Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catt, Merrill; Neeley, Richard A.; Lovins, Shelby

    2011-01-01

    This pilot study investigated the effectiveness of using a thematic intervention approach for children with language disorders. Twenty students receiving language therapy at a university speech and hearing clinic were selected as participants in this pilot study. This pilot project was entitled the REAL Project with the term REAL being an acronym…

  16. Fast GC for Space Applications Based on PIES Technology Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This SBIR Phase II project is aimed at the development of an analytical instrument which combines the advantages of fast gas chromatography (GC) and a detector that...

  17. Project Management Data Retrieval and Integration (PMDRI) Application

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — The Project Management Data Retrieval and Integration Database (PMDRI) is a system that presents data from the VA Financial Management System(FMS) in a structured...

  18. Enhanced Reliability MEMS Deformable Mirrors for Space Imaging Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The goal of this project is to develop and demonstrate a reliable, fault-tolerant wavefront control system that will fill a critical technology gap in NASA's vision...

  19. New Flexible FR Polyurethane Foams for Energy Absorption Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Project involves development of new flexible FR polyurethane (PU)insulation foams through a non-toxic environmentally friendly composite approach. Foams have...

  20. Application of Participatory Method to Selection of Project Demonstration Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The Sino-Japan cooperation project of "Vegetation Rehabilitation Demonstration and Planning in Sandstorm Jeopardized Area around Beijing" introduced participatory method to select the project area. Through investigating the socioeconomic indicators of 9 villages in Beijing and Hebei Province as well as the farmers’ willingness to participate in forestry operation activities, the vegetation restoration demonstration areas were selected, including Hantai Village, Baicaowa Village and Xiabachi Village, respect...

  1. An application of stochastic processes for analyzing risks in highway projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Meysam Mousavi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The successes on highway projects are uncertain because of organizational features, improper scope definitions and long lasting complicated processes. Highway projects under uncertain environment can effectively be managed with the application of risk management throughout their life cycles. Risk management within highway projects, therefore, has been recognized vital to improve their performances and increase the success of these projects. Processes of the projects are dynamic by nature. Therefore, commonly used static techniques do not analyze the potential risks properly. The stochastic process is a highly effective tool to quantitatively deal with the risk analysis. In this paper, a new approach based on Markov chain is proposed to assess the potential risks of highway projects in a dynamic framework. The approach takes advantage of the capability of probabilistic tools. Furthermore, using an application example in highway projects, the proposed approach is demonstrated in detail. Finally, the risk management effectiveness of using the stochastic processes is illustrated.

  2. Overview of the earth mounded concrete bunker prototype license application project: Objectives and approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Conner, J.E. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Idaho National Engineering Lab.

    1989-11-01

    This paper presents an overview of the objectives and approach taken in developing the Earth-mounded Concrete Bunker Prototype License Application Project. The Prototype License Application Project was initiated by the Department of Energy`s National Low-Level Waste Management Program in early 1987 and completed in November 1988. As part of this project a prototype safety analysis report was developed. The safety analysis report evaluates the licensibility of an earth-mounded concrete bunker for a low-level radioactive waste (LLW) disposal facility located on a hypothetical site in the northeastern United States. The project required approximately five person-years and twenty months to develop.

  3. Brachytherapy seed and applicator localization via iterative forward projection matching algorithm using digital X-ray projections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pokhrel, Damodar

    Interstitial and intracavitary brachytherapy plays an essential role in management of several malignancies. However, the achievable accuracy of brachytherapy treatment for prostate and cervical cancer is limited due to the lack of intraoperative planning and adaptive replanning. A major problem in implementing TRUS-based intraoperative planning is an inability of TRUS to accurately localize individual seed poses (positions and orientations) relative to the prostate volume during or after the implantation. For the locally advanced cervical cancer patient, manual drawing of the source positions on orthogonal films can not localize the full 3D intracavitary brachytherapy (ICB) applicator geometry. A new iterative forward projection matching (IFPM) algorithm can explicitly localize each individual seed/applicator by iteratively matching computed projections of the post-implant patient with the measured projections. This thesis describes adaptation and implementation of a novel IFPM algorithm that addresses hitherto unsolved problems in localization of brachytherapy seeds and applicators. The prototype implementation of 3-parameter point-seed IFPM algorithm was experimentally validated using a set of a few cone-beam CT (CBCT) projections of both the phantom and post-implant patient's datasets. Geometric uncertainty due to gantry angle inaccuracy was incorporated. After this, IFPM algorithm was extended to 5-parameter elongated line-seed model which automatically reconstructs individual seed orientation as well as position. The accuracy of this algorithm was tested using both the synthetic-measured projections of clinically-realistic Model-6711 125I seed arrangements and measured projections of an in-house precision-machined prostate implant phantom that allows the orientations and locations of up to 100 seeds to be set to known values. The seed reconstruction error for simulation was less than 0.6 mm/3o. For the physical phantom experiments, IFPM absolute accuracy for

  4. High-Power Density SOFCs for Aviation Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — As solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) approach commercialization, interest in broader applications of this technology is mounting. While the first commercialized...

  5. Advanced Silicone-based Coatings for Flexible Fabric Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Silicone coatings are the system of choice for inflatable fabrics used in several space, military, and consumer applications, including airbags, parachutes, rafts,...

  6. Electrically Conductive, Hydrophilic Porous Membrane for Fuel Cell Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This Phase I effort seeks to produce a conductive polyethersulfone (PES) microporous membrane for fuel cell water management applications. This membrane will...

  7. Application and project portfolio valuation using enterprise architecture and business requirements modelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quartel, Dick; Steen, Maarten W. A.; Lankhorst, Marc M.

    2012-05-01

    This article describes an architecture-based approach to IT valuation. This approach offers organisations an instrument to valuate their application and project portfolios and to make well-balanced decisions about IT investments. The value of a software application is assessed in terms of its contribution to a selection of business goals. Based on such assessments, the value of different applications can be compared, and requirements for innovation, development, maintenance and phasing out can be identified. IT projects are proposed to realise the requirements. The value of each project is assessed in terms of the value it adds to one or more applications. This value can be obtained by relating the 'as-is' application portfolio to the 'to-be' portfolio that is being proposed by the project portfolio. In this way, projects can be ranked according to their added value, given a certain selection of business goals. The approach uses ArchiMate to model the relationship between software applications, business processes, services and products. In addition, two language extensions are used to model the relationship of these elements to business goals and requirements and to projects and project portfolios. The approach is illustrated using the portfolio method of Bedell and has been implemented in BiZZdesign Architect.

  8. Application of the graded management approach to Battelle's nuclear project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Battelle's graded management approach provides an effective and efficient method to perform the Battelle Columbus Laboratories Decommissioning Project (BCLDP). The project is managed by Battelle under their US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) license but is partially funded by the US Department of Energy (DOE) on a cost-shared basis. Battelle's graded management approach adheres to the regulations and orders governing the BCLDP by the interaction of various plans, procedures, permits, and work instructions. By independent assessment, quality control, and worker training, Battelle has been able to establish a cost-effective approach to performing work and, at the same time, have a controlled checks and balance system to assure the proper safety considerations and project particulars are taken into account

  9. Network Applications for the Office Environment. Curriculum Improvement Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galveston Coll., TX.

    This guide is intended for use in teaching a course in network applications for the automated environment. The modules cover disk operating system (DOS), NetWare, telecommunications, and printer applications. Both instructor and student materials have been included where appropriate. Also included is an outline of a workshop covering general…

  10. Project Evaluation of Transportation Projects: an Application of Financial Computable General Equilibrium Model

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Euijune; Hewings, Geoffrey J. D.; Amir, Hidayat

    2015-01-01

    We develop a Financial Computable General Equilibrium Model (FCGE) model that can analyse the economic impacts of the infrastructure investment projects and their financing options on growth and distribution in Indonesia economy. It is possible to estimate growth and distributional effects of each project based on the financing method (government financing with tax revenues, government bond, and private financing) over the construction and operation periods if the information on the investmen...

  11. Application of e-learning in the TEMAP project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markéta Potůčková

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Map collections belong to valuable parts of the cultural heritage of each nation. The TEMAP project focuses on development and utilisation of modern digitaltechnologies for on-line accessibility of map collections as well as their cataloguing and protection. The article introduces the concept of an e-learning course that aims at explanation of methodologies and software tools applied and developed in scope of the project. The main focus is on the modules Georeferencing and Cartometric analysis that comprise description of the on-line tool Georeferencer and free software packages MapAnalyst and detectproj.

  12. Project Management Methodology for the Development of M-Learning Web Based Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Adrian VISOIU

    2010-01-01

    M-learning web based applications are a particular case of web applications designed to be operated from mobile devices. Also, their purpose is to implement learning aspects. Project management of such applications takes into account the identified peculiarities. M-learning web based application characteristics are identified. M-learning functionality covers the needs of an educational process. Development is described taking into account the mobile web and its influences over the analysis, d...

  13. Miniaturized Thermal-Cooler for IC Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This proposal is submitted for research on using MEMS technology to make unique, highly reliable, miniaturized capillary pumped coolers in the application of...

  14. Nano-Antenna For Terahertz (THz) Medical Imaging Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — As a result of technological breakthroughs, research and applications in the Terahertz (THz) radiation system are experiencing explosive growth. The non-ionizing...

  15. Non-Toxic Ionic Liquid Fuels for Exploration Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — ORBITEC proposes to develop and test new, non-toxic ionic liquid fuels for propulsion applications. Vintage propulsion systems frequently use highly toxic...

  16. Multipurpose Electric Potential Sensor for Spacecraft Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The original goal of Phase I was to study the feasibility of developing an electric sensor that can be used for as many NASA sensing applications as possible....

  17. Novel Electrolytes for -1000C Lithium Battery Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — NASA requires advanced high power primary lithium batteries for ultra low temperature applications. The key component that limits the performance at low temperature...

  18. FIST Project Leads to Real-World Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Naval Postgraduate School Public Affairs Office

    2010-01-01

    Marine Corps Capt. Carrick Longley briefed General James F. Amos, Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps, on the field data collection smart phone application known as Field Information Support Tool (FIST), Sept. 24, 2010.

  19. Brain Machine Interfaces for Robotic Control in Space Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This SBIR will study the application of a brain machine interface (BMI) to enable crew to remotely operate and monitor robots from inside a flight vehicle, habitat...

  20. Advanced Silicone-based Coatings for Flexible Fabric Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — High performance silicone coatings are desired for flexible fabrics used in several space and consumer applications. For instance, the total weight of silicone...

  1. Development of iPad application from project manager's view

    OpenAIRE

    Piterák, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    In this diploma thesis I will write about iPad application development as a core product of a business plan. I briefly describe Apple’s development environment and tools as well tablet. Then is introduced a company, which will develop the applications, and its experiences with this platform. I focus on financial, marketing and development analyses. In financial analysis is introduced business plan for following three years and I use data from SWOT analysis. In marketing part I ...

  2. An Enhanced Sensing Application Based on a Flexible Projected Capacitive-Sensing Mattress

    OpenAIRE

    Wen-Ying Chang; Chi-Chun Chen; Chih-Cheng Chang; Chin-Lung Yang

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a cost-effective sensor system for mattresses that can classify the sleeping posture of an individual and prevent pressure ulcers. This system applies projected capacitive sensing to the field of health care. The charge time (CT) method was used to sensitively and accurately measure the capacitance of the projected electrodes. The required characteristics of the projected capacitor were identified to develop large-area applications for sensory mattresses. The area of the e...

  3. Distance learning and its application to the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper discusses the concept of distance learning, which is used to exchange information via electronic media with real time interaction. Issues concerning policy, funding, legislation, accessibility, and programming are outlined. Possible applications for education, business, and federal projects, with a focus on the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project, are also discussed

  4. The Application of Project-based learning to Business English Writing in Secondary Vocational School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴敏玲

    2016-01-01

    Business English Writing is an important course in secondary vocational school. Project-based learning is a typical student-centered teaching method. For this reason, it becomes urgent to discuss the application of Project-based learning to business English writing in secondary vocational school.

  5. Development and Application of New Quality Model for Software Projects

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The IT industry tries to employ a number of models to identify the defects in the construction of software projects. In this paper, we present COQUALMO and its limitations and aim to increase the quality without increasing the cost and time. The computation time, cost, and effort to predict the residual defects are very high; this was overcome by developing an appropriate new quality model named the software testing defect corrective model (STDCM). The STDCM was used to estimate the number of...

  6. Advances in the biomedical applications of the EELA Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández, Vicente; Blanquer, Ignacio; Aparicio, Gabriel; Isea, Raúl; Chaves, Juan Luis; Hernández, Alvaro; Mora, Henry Ricardo; Fernández, Manuel; Acero, Alicia; Montes, Esther; Mayo, Rafael

    2007-01-01

    In the last years an increasing demand for Grid Infrastructures has resulted in several international collaborations. This is the case of the EELA Project, which has brought together collaborating groups of Latin America and Europe. One year ago we presented this e-infrastructure used, among others, by the biomedical groups for the studies of oncological analysis, neglected diseases, sequence alignments and computational phylogenetics. After this period, the achieved advances are summarised in this paper. PMID:17476045

  7. Advances in the Biomedical Applications of the EELA Project

    CERN Document Server

    Hernández, Vicente; Aparicio, Gabriel; Isea, Raul; Chavés, Juan Luis; Hernández, Álvaro; Mora, Henry Ricardo; Fernández, Manuel; Acero, Alicia; Montes, Esther; Mayo, Rafael

    2010-01-01

    In the last years an increasing demand for Grid Infrastructures has resulted in several international collaborations. This is the case of the EELA Project, which has brought together collaborating groups of Latin America and Europe. One year ago we presented this e-infrastructure used, among others, by the Biomedical groups for the studies of oncological analysis, neglected diseases, sequence alignments and computation phylogenetics. After this period, the achieved advances are summarised in this paper.

  8. Advances in the Biomedical Applications of the EELA Project

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández, Vicente; Blanquer, Ignacio; Aparicio, Gabriel; Isea, Raul; Chavés, Juan Luis; Hernández, Álvaro; Mora, Henry Ricardo; Fernández, Manuel; Acero, Alicia; Montes, Esther; Mayo, Rafael

    2010-01-01

    In the last years an increasing demand for Grid Infrastructures has resulted in several international collaborations. This is the case of the EELA Project, which has brought together collaborating groups of Latin America and Europe. One year ago we presented this e-infrastructure used, among others, by the Biomedical groups for the studies of oncological analysis, neglected diseases, sequence alignments and computation phylogenetics. After this period, the achieved advances are summarised in ...

  9. Physicists Get INSPIREd: INSPIRE Project and Grid Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klem, Jukka; Iwaszkiewicz, Jan

    2011-12-01

    INSPIRE is the new high-energy physics scientific information system developed by CERN, DESY, Fermilab and SLAC. INSPIRE combines the curated and trusted contents of SPIRES database with Invenio digital library technology. INSPIRE contains the entire HEP literature with about one million records and in addition to becoming the reference HEP scientific information platform, it aims to provide new kinds of data mining services and metrics to assess the impact of articles and authors. Grid and cloud computing provide new opportunities to offer better services in areas that require large CPU and storage resources including document Optical Character Recognition (OCR) processing, full-text indexing of articles and improved metrics. D4Science-II is a European project that develops and operates an e-Infrastructure supporting Virtual Research Environments (VREs). It develops an enabling technology (gCube) which implements a mechanism for facilitating the interoperation of its e-Infrastructure with other autonomously running data e-Infrastructures. As a result, this creates the core of an e-Infrastructure ecosystem. INSPIRE is one of the e-Infrastructures participating in D4Science-II project. In the context of the D4Science-II project, the INSPIRE e-Infrastructure makes available some of its resources and services to other members of the resulting ecosystem. Moreover, it benefits from the ecosystem via a dedicated Virtual Organization giving access to an array of resources ranging from computing and storage resources of grid infrastructures to data and services.

  10. Physicists Get INSPIREd: INSPIRE Project and Grid Applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    INSPIRE is the new high-energy physics scientific information system developed by CERN, DESY, Fermilab and SLAC. INSPIRE combines the curated and trusted contents of SPIRES database with Invenio digital library technology. INSPIRE contains the entire HEP literature with about one million records and in addition to becoming the reference HEP scientific information platform, it aims to provide new kinds of data mining services and metrics to assess the impact of articles and authors. Grid and cloud computing provide new opportunities to offer better services in areas that require large CPU and storage resources including document Optical Character Recognition (OCR) processing, full-text indexing of articles and improved metrics. D4Science-II is a European project that develops and operates an e-Infrastructure supporting Virtual Research Environments (VREs). It develops an enabling technology (gCube) which implements a mechanism for facilitating the interoperation of its e-Infrastructure with other autonomously running data e-Infrastructures. As a result, this creates the core of an e-Infrastructure ecosystem. INSPIRE is one of the e-Infrastructures participating in D4Science-II project. In the context of the D4Science-II project, the INSPIRE e-Infrastructure makes available some of its resources and services to other members of the resulting ecosystem. Moreover, it benefits from the ecosystem via a dedicated Virtual Organization giving access to an array of resources ranging from computing and storage resources of grid infrastructures to data and services.

  11. Orthogonal projection of points in CAD/CAM applications: an overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kwanghee Ko

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to review methods for computing orthogonal projection of points onto curves and surfaces, which are given in implicit or parametric form or as point clouds. Special emphasis is place on orthogonal projection onto conics along with reviews on orthogonal projection of points onto curves and surfaces in implicit and parametric form. Except for conics, computation methods are classified into two groups based on the core approaches: iterative and subdivision based. An extension of orthogonal projection of points to orthogonal projection of curves onto surfaces is briefly explored. Next, the discussion continues toward orthogonal projection of points onto point clouds, which spawns a different branch of algorithms in the context of orthogonal projection. The paper concludes with comments on guidance for an appropriate choice of methods for various applications.

  12. Software Transition Project Retrospectives and the Application of SEL Effort Estimation Model and Boehm's COCOMO to Complex Software Transition Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNeill, Justin

    1995-01-01

    The Multimission Image Processing Subsystem (MIPS) at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) has managed transitions of application software sets from one operating system and hardware platform to multiple operating systems and hardware platforms. As a part of these transitions, cost estimates were generated from the personal experience of in-house developers and managers to calculate the total effort required for such projects. Productivity measures have been collected for two such transitions, one very large and the other relatively small in terms of source lines of code. These estimates used a cost estimation model similar to the Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) Effort Estimation Model. Experience in transitioning software within JPL MIPS have uncovered a high incidence of interface complexity. Interfaces, both internal and external to individual software applications, have contributed to software transition project complexity, and thus to scheduling difficulties and larger than anticipated design work on software to be ported.

  13. Human eye modelling for ophthalmic simulators project for clinic applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Most of eye tumors are treated by surgical means, which involves the enucleation of affected eyes. In terms of treatment and control of diseases, there is brachytherapy, which often utilizes small applicator of Co-60, I-125, Ru-106, Ir-192, etc. These methods are shown to be very efficient but highly cost. The objective of this work is propose a detailed simulator modelling for eye characterization. Additionally, this study can contribute to design and build a new applicator in order to reduce the cost and to allow more patients to be treated

  14. Summaries of fiscal year 1994 projects in medical applications and biophysical research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report provides information on the research supported in Fiscal Year 1994 by the Medical Applications and Biophysical Research Division of the Office of Health and Environmental Research. A brief statement of the scope of the following areas is presented: dosimetry; measurement science; radiological and chemical physics; structural biology; human genome; and medical applications. Summaries of the research projects in these categories are presented

  15. A development framework for parallel CFD applications: TRIOU project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present in this paper the parallel structure of a thermal-hydraulic framework: Trio-U. This development platform has been designed in order to solve large 3-dimensional structured or unstructured CFD (computational fluid dynamics) problems. The code is intrinsically parallel, and an object-oriented design, UML, is used. The implementation language chosen is C++. All the parallelism management and the communication routines have been encapsulated. Parallel I/O and communication classes over standard I/O streams of C++ have been defined, which allows the developer an easy use of the different modules of the application without dealing with basic parallel process management and communications. Moreover, the encapsulation of the communication routines, guarantees the portability of the application and allows an efficient tuning of basic communication methods in order to achieve the best performances of the target architecture. The speed-up of parallel applications designed using the TrioU framework are very good since we obtained, for instance, on complex turbulent flow Large Eddy Simulation (LES) simulations an efficiency of up to 90% on 20 processors. The efficiencies obtained on direct numerical simulations of two phase flow fluids are similar since the speed-up is nearly equals to 7.5 for a 3-dimensional simulation using a one million element mesh on 8 processors. The purpose of this paper is to focus on the main concepts and their implementation that were the guidelines of the design of the parallel architecture of the code. (author)

  16. Pre-grade academic project: Technicature in nuclear applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The increasing use of radiation and radioactive materials in the world today has created a demand of Specialized Nuclear Technicians. Both at the international level and locally in Argentina, such demand is expected to continue being significant for several years, and at present it already exceeds the offer of qualified personnel, which constitutes an interesting stimulus for graduates. For this reason, the Dan Beninson Nuclear Technology Institute has decided to accept the challenge of educating specialized technicians, and has thus designed a new pre-grade career: the Technicature in Nuclear Applications. The basis of this proposal is to design a three year high level specific training program in order to produce highly qualified technicians with a title issued by our Institute, offer the students a unique education with interesting working opportunities and required in all those areas that in one way or other are related to radiation and radioactive materials. No equivalent academic offer is in place today at university level. Due to the renaissance of nuclear activity and the subsequent increasing use of radioisotopes and radiation in technological applications as well as in energy generation, medical applications, agriculture, pharmacology, among others, it has become mandatory to train specialized human resources in this field. Having these goals in mind, our Institute has created this career, with the purpose of satisfying such request which will benefit the whole society. (author)

  17. Fast projections onto mixed-norm balls with applications

    CERN Document Server

    Sra, Suvrit

    2012-01-01

    Joint sparsity offers powerful structural cues for feature selection, especially for variables that are expected to demonstrate a "grouped" behavior. Such behavior is commonly modeled via group-lasso, multitask lasso, and related methods where feature selection is effected via mixed-norms. Several mixed-norm based sparse models have received substantial attention, and for some cases efficient algorithms are also available. Surprisingly, several constrained sparse models seem to be lacking scalable algorithms. We address this deficiency by presenting batch and online (stochastic-gradient) optimization methods, both of which rely on efficient projections onto mixed-norm balls. We illustrate our methods by applying them to the multitask lasso. We conclude by mentioning some open problems.

  18. MSI project is a multilevel system interface for multipurpose application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Multilevel system interface (MSI) is suggested as a equipment designed for wide-range unification, on the basis of LIS technology, multipurpose bus-module information-measuring and control systems characterized by different levels of complication and fast-response. Technical solutions worked out at development of the following interfaces: FASTBUS, VME, MULTIBUS II, P896, BI-bus, are unified within its protocols. MSI is made according to hierarchy principle-step-by-step increase of protocol functional capabilities which provides its flexibility aand potential range of application in combination with low-redundancy in every individual case

  19. Image applications for coastal resource planning: Elkhorn Slough Pilot Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kvitek, Rikk G.; Sharp, Gary D.; VanCoops, Jonathan; Fitzgerald, Michael

    1995-01-01

    The purpose of this project has been to evaluate the utility of digital spectral imagery at two levels of resolution for large scale, accurate, auto-classification of land cover along the Central California Coast. Although remote sensing technology offers obvious advantages over on-the-ground mapping, there are substantial trade-offs that must be made between resolving power and costs. Higher resolution images can theoretically be used to identify smaller habitat patches, but they usually require more scenes to cover a given area and processing these images is computationally intense requiring much more computer time and memory. Lower resolution images can cover much larger areas, are less costly to store, process, and manipulate, but due to their larger pixel size can lack the resolving power of the denser images. This lack of resolving power can be critical in regions such as the Central California Coast where important habitat change often occurs on a scale of 10 meters. Our approach has been to compare vegetation and habitat classification results from two aircraft-based spectral scenes covering the same study area but at different levels of resolution with a previously produced ground-truthed land cover base map of the area. Both of the spectral images used for this project were of significantly higher resolution than the satellite-based LandSat scenes used in the C-CAP program. The lower reaches of the Elkhorn Slough watershed was chosen as an ideal study site because it encompasses a suite of important vegetation types and habitat loss processes characteristic of the central coast region. Dramatic habitat alterations have and are occurring within the Elkhorn Slough drainage area, including erosion and sedimentation, land use conversion, wetland loss, and incremental loss due to development and encroachnnent by agriculture. Additonally, much attention has already been focused on the Elkhorn Slough due to its status as a National Marine Education and Research

  20. Neutron Time Projection Chamber for Nuclear Security and Verification Applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Detection of fast neutrons produced by fission is a powerful method for discovering, verifying the presence, or monitoring significant quantities of special nuclear material (SNM) at up to moderate distances. Fast neutrons are relatively rare in the natural background and can be very penetrating, even in situations when the energetic gamma-rays are well shielded. Fast neutrons point in the direction of their source and can thus be considered for use in imaging, a feature desirable for rapid, high-signal-to-noise detection of concealed SNM and for nuclear verification. We describe the development and performance of a prototype neutron time projection chamber (nTPC) and its use for directional neutron detection and high-resolution neutron imaging. The nTPC is based on ∼0.025 m3 of a hydrogen-methane mixture and utilizes a readout system with low channel count and is optimized for low event rates. We experimentally demonstrate robust operation, reliable particle identification, event-by-event directional reconstruction over the entire 4π solid angle, and insensitivity to gamma-rays. High-efficiency and high-resolution modes of operation based on single and double neutron scatters, respectively, have also been demonstrated.

  1. Two-stage Bayesian models-application to ZEDB project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bunea, C. [George Washington University, School of Applied Science, 1776 G Street, NW, Suite 108, Washington, DC 20052 (United States)]. E-mail: cornel@gwu.edu; Charitos, T. [Institute of Information and Computing Sciences, Padualaan 14, de Uithof, 3508 TB, Utrecht (Netherlands)]. E-mail: theodore@cs.uu.nl; Cooke, R.M. [Delft University of Technology, EWI Faculty, Mekelweg 4, 2628 CD, Delft (Netherlands)]. E-mail: r.m.cooke@ewi.tudelft.n1; Becker, G. [RISA, Krumme Str., Berlin 10627 (Germany)]. E-mail: guenter.becker@risa.de

    2005-12-01

    A well-known mathematical tool to analyze plant specific reliability data for nuclear power facilities is the two-stage Bayesian model. Such two-stage Bayesian models are standard practice nowadays, for example in the German ZEDB project or in the Swedish T-Book, although they may differ in their mathematical models and software implementation. In this paper, we review the mathematical model, its underlying assumptions and supporting arguments. Reasonable conditional assumptions are made to yield tractable and mathematically valid form for the failure rate at plant of interest, given failures and operational times at other plants in the population. The posterior probability of failure rate at plant of interest is sensitive to the choice of hyperprior parameters since the effect of hyperprior distribution will never be dominated by the effect of observation. The methods of Poern and Jeffrey for choosing distributions over hyperparameters are discussed. Furthermore, we will perform verification tasks associated with the theoretical model presented in this paper. The present software implementation produces good agreement with ZEDB results for various prior distributions. The difference between our results and those of ZEDB reflect differences that may arise from numerical implementation, as that would use different step size and truncation bounds.

  2. Two-stage Bayesian models-application to ZEDB project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A well-known mathematical tool to analyze plant specific reliability data for nuclear power facilities is the two-stage Bayesian model. Such two-stage Bayesian models are standard practice nowadays, for example in the German ZEDB project or in the Swedish T-Book, although they may differ in their mathematical models and software implementation. In this paper, we review the mathematical model, its underlying assumptions and supporting arguments. Reasonable conditional assumptions are made to yield tractable and mathematically valid form for the failure rate at plant of interest, given failures and operational times at other plants in the population. The posterior probability of failure rate at plant of interest is sensitive to the choice of hyperprior parameters since the effect of hyperprior distribution will never be dominated by the effect of observation. The methods of Poern and Jeffrey for choosing distributions over hyperparameters are discussed. Furthermore, we will perform verification tasks associated with the theoretical model presented in this paper. The present software implementation produces good agreement with ZEDB results for various prior distributions. The difference between our results and those of ZEDB reflect differences that may arise from numerical implementation, as that would use different step size and truncation bounds

  3. Density equalizing map projections (cartograms) in public health applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Merrill, D.W.

    1998-05-01

    In studying geographic disease distributions, one normally compares rates among arbitrarily defined geographic subareas (e.g. census tracts), thereby sacrificing some of the geographic detail of the original data. The sparser the data, the larger the subareas must be in order to calculate stable rates. This dilemma is avoided with the technique of Density Equalizing Map Projections (DEMP){copyright}. Boundaries of geographic subregions are adjusted to equalize population density over the entire study area. Case locations plotted on the transformed map should have a uniform distribution if the underlying disease risk is constant. On the transformed map, the statistical analysis of the observed distribution is greatly simplified. Even for sparse distributions, the statistical significance of a supposed disease cluster can be calculated with validity. The DEMP algorithm was applied to a data set previously analyzed with conventional techniques; namely, 401 childhood cancer cases in four counties of California. The distribution of cases on the transformed map was analyzed visually and statistically. To check the validity of the method, the identical analysis was performed on 401 artificial cases randomly generated under the assumption of uniform risk. No statistically significant evidence for geographic non-uniformity of rates was found, in agreement with the original analysis performed by the California Department of Health Services.

  4. Outline of FNCA project on application of electron accelerator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    FNCA (Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia) activities in the field of electron accelerator applications are reported. The paper mainly reports on the achievement of the 3rd workshop to discuss status of utilization of electron accelerator for thin films/hydrogel in the FNCA participating countries, China, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam, held in August, 2003, at Kuala Lumpur. Cross-linking of thin film from sago starch polymer blend using the Cureton (200 keV, 20 mA) and cross-linking of hydrogel for wound dressing and CMC paste-like sheet using the medium energy (3.0 MeV, 30 mA) electron accelerator of MINT (from Malaysia) were successfully demonstrated. Efforts are being made by Vietnam, Thailand and Philippines having no electron accelerator to acquire the machine for R and D and commercial use in the near future. (S. Ohno)

  5. Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology Stationary Power Application Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joseph Pierre

    2009-03-05

    The objectives of this program were to: (1) Develop a reliable, cost-effective, and production-friendly technique to apply the power-enhancing layer at the interface of the air electrode and electrolyte of the Siemens SOFC; (2) Design, build, install, and operate in the field two 5 kWe SOFC systems fabricated with the state-of-the-art cylindrical, tubular cell and bundle technology and incorporating advanced module design features. Siemens successfully demonstrated, first in a number of single cell tests and subsequently in a 48-cell bundle test, a significant power enhancement by employing a power-enhancing composite interlayer at the interface between the air electrode and electrolyte. While successful from a cell power enhancement perspective, the interlayer application process was not suitable for mass manufacturing. The application process was of inconsistent quality, labor intensive, and did not have an acceptable yield. This program evaluated the technical feasibility of four interlayer application techniques. The candidate techniques were selected based on their potential to achieve the technical requirements of the interlayer, to minimize costs (both labor and material), and suitably for large-scale manufacturing. Preliminary screening, utilizing lessons learned in manufacturing tubular cells, narrowed the candidate processes to two, ink-roller coating (IRC) and dip coating (DC). Prototype fixtures were successfully built and utilized to further evaluate the two candidate processes for applying the interlayer to the high power density Delta8 cell geometry. The electrical performance of interlayer cells manufactured via the candidate processes was validated. Dip coating was eventually selected as the application technique of choice for applying the interlayer to the high power Delta8 cell. The technical readiness of the DC process and product quality was successfully and repeatedly demonstrated, and its throughput and cost are amenable to large scale

  6. Project application of radioactive liquid waste treatment technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The final result of radioactive liquid waste treatment is that divide liquid waste into two parts: concentrated solution and purified liquid. The purified liquid discharge through two methods : one is dilution by water of river and sea, the other is carrying by atmosphere. Comparing with dilution method, carrying method get more attention because of less confine by geography and climatic environment. The airborne hold release station of China Institute of Atomic Energy is applied successfully in treating purified waste water with tritium contained, solve the problem of purified fluid discharging safely to the atmosphere. The facilities adopt principle of air humidified, discharge purified waste water with tritium contained to atmosphere in gas form. After completion of the facilities, coming by cold test, hot test and rectification, the massive operation data and operation experiences are accumulated, it lays the foundation for wide application of the method in our country. (authors)

  7. AQUAPOL-project: Model applications and comparison in the Kapos catchment, Hungary

    OpenAIRE

    Bakken, T.H.; LÁZÁR A.; Szomolányi, M.; Németh, Á.; Tjomsland, T.; Selvik, J.; Borgvang, S.; Fehér, J.

    2006-01-01

    AQUAPOL is a project funded by The Research Council of Norway (RCN) under the EU Candidate Countries Programme. The project has carried out a pilot study in the Kapos catchment in Hungary, with the overall aim to develop tools facilitating the implementation of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) in Hungary. This report describes the application and inter-comparison of tools for the quantification of nutrient fluxes in the Kapos catchment. 4 different approaches were tested in the Kapos catch...

  8. Baselines For Land-Use Change In The Tropics: Application To Avoided Deforestation Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, Sandra; Hall, Myrna; Andrasko, Ken; Ruiz, Fernando; Marzoli, Walter; Guerrero, Gabriela; Masera, Omar; Dushku, Aaron; Dejong, Ben; Cornell, Joseph

    2007-01-01

    Although forest conservation activities particularly in the tropics offer significant potential for mitigating carbon emissions, these types of activities have faced obstacles in the policy arena caused by the difficulty in determining key elements of the project cycle, particularly the baseline. A baseline for forest conservation has two main components: the projected land-use change and the corresponding carbon stocks in the applicable pools such as vegetation, detritus, products and s...

  9. Application of the ELECTRE I method for selection problems involving free software development projects

    OpenAIRE

    Jéfferson Jesus de Araujo; Thiago Magalhães Amaral

    2016-01-01

    The research is aimed at practical application of the ELECTRE I method for decision-making support in the selection of projects by a free software development company in the city of Juazeiro - BA. The methodology used in the company, the projects to be evaluated, the criteria chosen by the decision maker and their respective weights were used to model the problem, by building decision matrix and conducting ELECTRE I. The results proved effective, satisfying the proposal made in th...

  10. FPGA-based I and C Applications in NPPs Modernization Projects: Case Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrashov, Anton A.; Sklayar, Vladimr V.; Siora, Alexander A. [Research and Production Corporation Radiy, Kirovaograd (Ukraine)

    2014-08-15

    Instrumentation and Control systems represent one of several most important parts of each Nuclear Power Plant (NPP). Instrumentation and Control modernization projects are performed in the context and to support the overall NPP goals, objectives, and internal and external commitments. The goals and objectives of NPPs are defined substantially by the utilities long-term and short-term business plans. FPGA-based Instrumentation and Control applications may contribute to successful implementation of NPPs Instrumentation and Control modernization projects.

  11. Telecommunication Technologies for Smart Grid Projects with Focus on Smart Metering Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Nikoleta Andreadou; Miguel Olariaga Guardiola; Gianluca Fulli

    2016-01-01

    This paper provides a study of the smart grid projects realised in Europe and presents their technological solutions with a focus on smart metering Low Voltage (LV) applications. Special attention is given to the telecommunications technologies used. For this purpose, we present the telecommunication technologies chosen by several European utilities for the accomplishment of their smart meter national roll-outs. Further on, a study is performed based on the European Smart Grid Projects, highl...

  12. Application of isotopes and radiation to increasing agricultural production - Phase 2. Indonesia. Project findings and recommendations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Phase 2 Project was primarily aimed at consolidating the advances made during the previous phase, formulating practical agricultural technologies which can be adopted by farmers, disseminating and applying these technologies, and enhancing the capability of the Centre for Application of Isotopes and Radiation (CAIR) to conduct agricultural research using nuclear and related techniques. Outputs generated by this project were generally in accordance with those anticipated in the Project Document. Some outputs have been transferred to the target beneficiaries (farmers) through existing systems of extension, in co-operation with the main implementing agency (BATAN). Other outputs have potential for further assessment, and may lead to practical applications in future. The rest remain as important contributions to scientific knowledge. The project has been managed to assure sustainability after project termination. A strong indication of such sustainability is evident in the on-going research and development work at CAIR and the adoption of transferred technologies by the end-users. To keep up with rapid global advancements in bio-science and technology, a new project on application of nuclear and related techniques in agricultural bio-science and technology would be needed in relation to the second long-term phase of the national development programmes. (author)

  13. KEDO LWR construction project and application of nuclear export control to the project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear crisis caused by the inconsistency included in DPRK's intial report to the IAEA has passed many stages such as DPRK's declaration to withdraw from NPT and rejection of the IAEA special inspection, etc. Finally, US and DPRK had singed to the Agreed Framework which has several responsibilities to be implemented by each sides. One of them is to supply 2 LWR to the DPRK in place of the freeze of graphite moderated reactors that were operating or constructing in DPRK at that time. As an implementing organization, KEDO has been established. KEPCO, the main contrator of KEDO, is constructing the KEDO Reactor unit 1 at Kumho site according to the Supply Agreement between KEDO and DPRK. It means that the nuclear items such as facilities, equipments, nuclear material and related technology have to transferred to DPRK under the domestic nuclear export control regulation. This paper is prepared to overview the KEDO LWR project with the view of export control and review on the national nuclear export control policies, license requirements, and DDCC management

  14. Application for approval of the Cold Lake Expansion Project: volume 1: project description

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Imperial Oil Resources Limited has applied for approval from both the Alberta Energy and Utilities Board and the Albert Environmental Protection Branch for approvals to expand bitumen recovery operations at Cold Lake, Alberta. The proposed project will consist of: (1) a new three-phase oil field development called Mahkeses which will recover 46 million cubic metres of bitumen at a production rate of 4,800 cubic metres per day, (2) a 220 megawatt electrical power cogeneration facility at the Mahkeses central plant, and (3) additional development to maintain and optimize bitumen steam production at the company's existing Maskwa and Mahihkan operation areas at Cold Lake. Cyclic steam stimulation will be used to recover the bitumen. The expansion will involve drilling new wells, construction of pipelines and multiwell pads. Production will be processed at the plants before the bitumen is mixed with diluent to reduce its viscosity. The bitumen will be transported to markets through pipeline systems originating in Cold Lake. Approximately 45 per cent of the electricity generated from the electrical power cogeneration facility will be used on site. The remainder will be available for sale to the Alberta Power Pool. 18 refs., 32 tabs., 55 figs

  15. School Transition to the State-Social Management System Based on the Project Approach Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. V. Nemova

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper looks at the opportunities for the school transition to the state-social management system based on the project approach application. The principle methods and procedures for the project initiation are observed along with the project organization and planning, recourse provision and project monitoring. According to the author, the most effective form of initiating the management modernization project simultaneously involves the two participants: the internal (school management and external (educational management organizations, provided that the external one sets the main requirements. Using the project approach allows the fast knowledge accumulation for further application. In this regard, it is more efficient than the program-targeted management requiring more time and effort for fulfilling the program. In author’s opinion, the project method can be extended to solving the problem situations. For example, its appli- cation is the most expedient in step-by-step implementation of the state-social management, given that not every school can restructure the existing management system by itself. 

  16. Application of natural analogues in the Yucca Mountain project - overview

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Natural Analogue Synthesis Report (NASR) [1] provides a compilation of information from analogues that test, corroborate, and add confidence to process models and model predictions pertinent to total system performance assessment (TSPA). The report updated previous work [2] with new literature examples and results of quantitative studies conducted by the Yucca Mountain Project (YMP). The intent of the natural analogue studies was to collect corroborative evidence from analogues to demonstrate greater understanding of processes expected to occur during postclosure of a proposed Yucca Mountain repository. Natural analogues, as used here, refer to either natural or anthropogenic systems in which processes similar to those expected to occur in a nuclear waste repository are thought to have occurred over long time periods (decades to millenia) and large spatial scales (up to tens of kilometers). In the past, the YMP has used analogues for testing and building confidence in conceptual and numerical process models in a number of ways. Yucca Mountain mineral alteration phases provided a self-analogue for postclosure alteration [3]. Thermodynamic parameters for silica minerals of the Wairakai, New Zealand geothermal field were added to databases used in geochemical modeling [4]. Scoping calculations of radionuclide transport using the Yucca Mountain TSPA numerical model were conducted for the Peqa Blanca site [5]. Eruption parameters from the Cerro Negro volcano, Nicaragua, were used to verify codes that model ash plume dispersion [6]. Analogues have also been used in supplemental science and performance analyses to provide multiple lines of evidence in support of both analyses and model reports (AMRs) [7]; in screening arguments for inclusion or exclusion of features, events, and processes (FEP)s in TSPAs; in the quantification of uncertainties [7]; in expert elicitations of volcanic and seismic hazards [8, 9] and in peer reviews [10]. Natural analogues may be applied

  17. EpiCollect+: linking smartphones to web applications for complex data collection projects

    OpenAIRE

    Aanensen, David M.; Huntley, Derek M.; Mirko Menegazzo; Powell, Chris I.; Spratt, Brian G.

    2014-01-01

    Previously, we have described the development of the generic mobile phone data gathering tool, EpiCollect, and an associated web application, providing two-way communication between multiple data gatherers and a project database. This software only allows data collection on the phone using a single questionnaire form that is tailored to the needs of the user (including a single GPS point and photo per entry), whereas many applications require a more complex structure, allowing users to link a...

  18. Detection-Guided Fast Affine Projection Channel Estimator for Speech Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Wu Jennifer

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available In various adaptive estimation applications, such as acoustic echo cancellation within teleconferencing systems, the input signal is a highly correlated speech. This, in general, leads to extremely slow convergence of the NLMS adaptive FIR estimator. As a result, for such applications, the affine projection algorithm (APA or the low-complexity version, the fast affine projection (FAP algorithm, is commonly employed instead of the NLMS algorithm. In such applications, the signal propagation channel may have a relatively low-dimensional impulse response structure, that is, the number m of active or significant taps within the (discrete-time modelled channel impulse response is much less than the overall tap length n of the channel impulse response. For such cases, we investigate the inclusion of an active-parameter detection-guided concept within the fast affine projection FIR channel estimator. Simulation results indicate that the proposed detection-guided fast affine projection channel estimator has improved convergence speed and has lead to better steady-state performance than the standard fast affine projection channel estimator, especially in the important case of highly correlated speech input signals.

  19. An Enhanced Sensing Application Based on a Flexible Projected Capacitive-Sensing Mattress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-Ying Chang

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a cost-effective sensor system for mattresses that can classify the sleeping posture of an individual and prevent pressure ulcers. This system applies projected capacitive sensing to the field of health care. The charge time (CT method was used to sensitively and accurately measure the capacitance of the projected electrodes. The required characteristics of the projected capacitor were identified to develop large-area applications for sensory mattresses. The area of the electrodes, the use of shielding, and the increased length of the transmission line were calibrated to more accurately measure the capacitance of the electrodes in large-size applications. To offer the users comfort in the prone position, a flexible substrate was selected and covered with 16 × 20 electrodes. Compared with the static charge sensitive bed (SCSB, our proposed system-flexible projected capacitive-sensing mattress (FPCSM comes with more electrodes to increase the resolution of posture identification. As for the body pressure system (BPS, the FPCSM has advantages such as lower cost, higher aging-resistance capability, and the ability to sense the capacitance of the covered regions without physical contact. The proposed guard ring design effectively absorbs the noise and interrupts leakage paths. The projected capacitive electrode is suitable for proximity-sensing applications and succeeds at quickly recognizing the sleeping pattern of the user.

  20. Detection-Guided Fast Affine Projection Channel Estimator for Speech Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Homer John

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In various adaptive estimation applications, such as acoustic echo cancellation within teleconferencing systems, the input signal is a highly correlated speech. This, in general, leads to extremely slow convergence of the NLMS adaptive FIR estimator. As a result, for such applications, the affine projection algorithm (APA or the low-complexity version, the fast affine projection (FAP algorithm, is commonly employed instead of the NLMS algorithm. In such applications, the signal propagation channel may have a relatively low-dimensional impulse response structure, that is, the number m of active or significant taps within the (discrete-time modelled channel impulse response is much less than the overall tap length n of the channel impulse response. For such cases, we investigate the inclusion of an active-parameter detection-guided concept within the fast affine projection FIR channel estimator. Simulation results indicate that the proposed detection-guided fast affine projection channel estimator has improved convergence speed and has lead to better steady-state performance than the standard fast affine projection channel estimator, especially in the important case of highly correlated speech input signals.

  1. 76 FR 82286 - Applications for New Awards; Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-30

    ..., which was published in the Federal Register on February 15, 2006 (71 FR 8166), can be accessed on the... research setting, and a practicum that involve each individual in clinical research and in practical... Applications for New Awards; Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers...

  2. Evaluating the Incorporation of Technology and Application Projects in the Higher Education Mathematics Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schreyer-Bennethum, Lynn; Albright, Leonard

    2011-01-01

    We report the qualitative and quantitative results of incorporating interdisciplinary application projects and increasing the use of teaching with technology into Calculus I, II and III at the University of Colorado Denver. Minimal changes were made to the curriculum and minimal time was required of instructors to make the changes. Instructors…

  3. 77 FR 4290 - Conway Ranch Hydropower Project; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Conway Ranch Hydropower Project; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application... the Federal Power Act (FPA), proposing to study the feasibility of the Conway Ranch Hydropower...

  4. 78 FR 51753 - AUC, LLC Reno Creek, In Situ Project, New Source Material License Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-21

    ...), and opportunity to request a hearing was published in the Federal Register on August 5, 2013 (78 FR... opportunity to request a hearing was published in the Federal Register on August 5, 2013 (73 FR 47427). The... COMMISSION AUC, LLC Reno Creek, In Situ Project, New Source Material License Application AGENCY:...

  5. Eighth year projects and activities of the Environmental Remote Sensing Applications Laboratory (ERSAL). [Oregon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, A. J.; Isaacson, D. L.; Schrumpf, B. J. (Principal Investigator)

    1980-01-01

    Projects completed for the NASA Office of University Affairs include the application of remote sensing data in support of rehabilitation of wild fire damaged areas and the use of LANDSAT 3 return beam vidicon in forestry mapping applications. Continuing projects for that office include monitoring western Oregon timber clearcut; detecting and monitoring wheat disease; land use monitoring for tax assessment in Umatilla, Lake, and Morrow Counties; and the use of Oregon Air National Guard thermal infrared scanning data. Projects funded through other agencies include the remote sensing inventory of elk in the Blue Mountains; the estimation of burned agricultural acreage in the Willamette Valley; a resource inventory of Deschutes County; and hosting a LANDSAT digital workshop.

  6. Vision and Displays for Military and Security Applications The Advanced Deployable Day/Night Simulation Project

    CERN Document Server

    Niall, Keith K

    2010-01-01

    Vision and Displays for Military and Security Applications presents recent advances in projection technologies and associated simulation technologies for military and security applications. Specifically, this book covers night vision simulation, semi-automated methods in photogrammetry, and the development and evaluation of high-resolution laser projection technologies for simulation. Topics covered include: advances in high-resolution projection, advances in image generation, geographic modeling, and LIDAR imaging, as well as human factors research for daylight simulation and for night vision devices. This title is ideal for optical engineers, simulator users and manufacturers, geomatics specialists, human factors researchers, and for engineers working with high-resolution display systems. It describes leading-edge methods for human factors research, and it describes the manufacture and evaluation of ultra-high resolution displays to provide unprecedented pixel density in visual simulation.

  7. A Design Methodology for Folded, Pipelined Architectures in VLSI Applications using Projective Space Lattices

    OpenAIRE

    Sharma, Hrishikesh; Patkar, Sachin

    2011-01-01

    Semi-parallel, or folded, VLSI architectures are used whenever hardware resources need to be saved at design time. Most recent applications that are based on Projective Geometry (PG) based balanced bipartite graph also fall in this category. In this paper, we provide a high-level, top-down design methodology to design optimal semi-parallel architectures for applications, whose Data Flow Graph (DFG) is based on PG bipartite graph. Such applications have been found e.g. in error-control coding ...

  8. Materials and Structures Research for Gas Turbine Applications Within the NASA Subsonic Fixed Wing Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurst, Janet

    2011-01-01

    A brief overview is presented of the current materials and structures research geared toward propulsion applications for NASA s Subsonic Fixed Wing Project one of four projects within the Fundamental Aeronautics Program of the NASA Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate. The Subsonic Fixed Wing (SFW) Project has selected challenging goals which anticipate an increasing emphasis on aviation s impact upon the global issue of environmental responsibility. These goals are greatly reduced noise, reduced emissions and reduced fuel consumption and address 25 to 30 years of technology development. Successful implementation of these demanding goals will require development of new materials and structural approaches within gas turbine propulsion technology. The Materials and Structures discipline, within the SFW project, comprise cross-cutting technologies ranging from basic investigations to component validation in laboratory environments. Material advances are teamed with innovative designs in a multidisciplinary approach with the resulting technology advances directed to promote the goals of reduced noise and emissions along with improved performance.

  9. An analysis of the demonstration projects for renewable energy application buildings in China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During the 2006–2008 period, there were 386 demonstration projects for renewable energy application buildings (REAB) organised by Chinese government, with a total area of approximately 40,420,000 m2. By the end of 2011, the vast majority of these projects had been completed and had passed the final acceptance. This paper analyses the measures taken by the Chinese government, including economic incentive mechanisms, organising agencies, application and evaluation systems, online monitoring platforms, acceptance inspections, assessment systems, standard criteria and so forth. This paper then evaluates the policy effects. The paper shows that there has been a satisfactory effect in the development of the REAB market, mobilising the enthusiasm of the government, equipment manufacturers and scientific research institutions, and promoting energy conservation. In addition, this paper analyses the suitability of different technological types in different climatic zones, which provides further guidance for the development of the REAB. Finally, based on the analyses of the problems met in the implementation of the demonstration projects, this paper proposes some policy suggestions concerning standard criteria, technological development, project management, incentive mechanisms and so on, to promote the development of the REAB more effectively in the future in China. - Highlights: • The policy measures to promote the development of renewable energy application buildings in China. • Evaluation of the demonstration policy effects in the market development and other aspects. • Analyses of the regional applicability for renewable energy application buildings in China. • Analyses of problems met in the implementation of the demonstration projects. • Put forward some policy suggestions on standard, technology, management, etc

  10. EpiCollect+: linking smartphones to web applications for complex data collection projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aanensen, David M; Huntley, Derek M; Menegazzo, Mirko; Powell, Chris I; Spratt, Brian G

    2014-01-01

    Previously, we have described the development of the generic mobile phone data gathering tool, EpiCollect, and an associated web application, providing two-way communication between multiple data gatherers and a project database. This software only allows data collection on the phone using a single questionnaire form that is tailored to the needs of the user (including a single GPS point and photo per entry), whereas many applications require a more complex structure, allowing users to link a series of forms in a linear or branching hierarchy, along with the addition of any number of media types accessible from smartphones and/or tablet devices (e.g., GPS, photos, videos, sound clips and barcode scanning). A much enhanced version of EpiCollect has been developed (EpiCollect+). The individual data collection forms in EpiCollect+ provide more design complexity than the single form used in EpiCollect, and the software allows the generation of complex data collection projects through the ability to link many forms together in a linear (or branching) hierarchy. Furthermore, EpiCollect+ allows the collection of multiple media types as well as standard text fields, increased data validation and form logic. The entire process of setting up a complex mobile phone data collection project to the specification of a user (project and form definitions) can be undertaken at the EpiCollect+ website using a simple 'drag and drop' procedure, with visualisation of the data gathered using Google Maps and charts at the project website. EpiCollect+ is suitable for situations where multiple users transmit complex data by mobile phone (or other Android devices) to a single project web database and is already being used for a range of field projects, particularly public health projects in sub-Saharan Africa. However, many uses can be envisaged from education, ecology and epidemiology to citizen science. PMID:25485096

  11. The Texts of the Instruments connected with the Agency's Assistance to Finland in Establishing a Research Reactor Project. Suspension of the application of safeguards under the Project Agreement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The application of safeguards by the Agency under Article V.2 of the Project Agreement for providing assistance to Finland in establishing a research reactor project has been suspended, pursuant to Article 23 of Finland's agreement with the Agency for the application of safeguards in connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Suspension took effect from 9 February 1972, the date on which the latter agreement entered into force

  12. 4D BIM Application in AEC Industry: Impact on Integrated Project Delivery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Usman Aminu Umar

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available As project delivery approaches that are supported by Building Information Modelling (BIM are continuously acknowledged throughout the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC industry, an innovative modelling approach called 4D BIM is starting to develop, which associates elements of 3D BIM with time and scheduling information. Traditional construction planning applications like bar charts and network diagrams fail to present and communicate the spatial and temporal or 4D components of construction schedules efficiently. As a result, they do not permit project managers to produce scheduling alternatives quickly to obtain the finest solution to develop a particular design. With 4D modelling, the whole period of a sequence of activities that is executed by those involved in the project can be presented visually. With the rising interest in BIM and the wider use of this and other technological innovations in the AEC industry, 4D BIM tools, which has been broadly employed, is becoming increasingly recognized among fundamental technological fields under BIM. This study aims to highlight and review numerous impacts of 4D applications on Integrated Project Delivery (IPD on the AEC industry and suggest the ideal strategy to optimize the tools for rapid project delivery.

  13. The Application of Asphalt Cold Recycling Technology in Lower Yellow River Flood Control Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao Yu Kun

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Asphalt cold recycling technology has many advantages, such as rapid construction, energy saving, and environmental protection. In this article, the works based on the flood control dike road repair of lower Yellow River flood control project and cold asphalt recycling technology. Combined with the current flood control dike road in Liaocheng, the old pavement rehabilitation program was designed and the program was successfully implemented. It provided a successful reference cases for application of asphalt cold recycling technology for flood control dike road repair in the lower Yellow River flood control project.

  14. The Xsense project: The application of an intelligent sensor array for high sensitivity handheld explosives detectors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kostesha, Natalie; Schmidt, Michael Stenbæk; Bosco, Filippo;

    2011-01-01

    Multiple independent sensors are used in security and military applications in order to increase sensitivity, selectivity and data reliability. The Xsense project has been initiated at the Technical University of Denmark in collaboration with a number of partners in an effort to produce a handheld...... sensor for trace detection of explosives. We are using micro- and nano technological approaches for integrating four sensing principles into a single device. At the end of the project, the consortium aims at having delivered a sensor platform consisting of four independent detector principles capable of...... nanostructured sensors and sensor design....

  15. The NASA In-Space Propulsion Technology Project, Products, and Mission Applicability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, David J.; Pencil, Eric; Liou, Larry; Dankanich, John; Munk, Michelle M.; Kremic, Tibor

    2009-01-01

    The In-Space Propulsion Technology (ISPT) Project, funded by NASA s Science Mission Directorate (SMD), is continuing to invest in propulsion technologies that will enable or enhance NASA robotic science missions. This overview provides development status, near-term mission benefits, applicability, and availability of in-space propulsion technologies in the areas of aerocapture, electric propulsion, advanced chemical thrusters, and systems analysis tools. Aerocapture investments improved: guidance, navigation, and control models of blunt-body rigid aeroshells; atmospheric models for Earth, Titan, Mars, and Venus; and models for aerothermal effects. Investments in electric propulsion technologies focused on completing NASA s Evolutionary Xenon Thruster (NEXT) ion propulsion system, a 0.6 to 7 kW throttle-able gridded ion system. The project is also concluding its High Voltage Hall Accelerator (HiVHAC) mid-term product specifically designed for a low-cost electric propulsion option. The primary chemical propulsion investment is on the high-temperature Advanced Material Bipropellant Rocket (AMBR) engine providing higher performance for lower cost. The project is also delivering products to assist technology infusion and quantify mission applicability and benefits through mission analysis and tools. In-space propulsion technologies are applicable, and potentially enabling for flagship destinations currently under evaluation, as well as having broad applicability to future Discovery and New Frontiers mission solicitations.

  16. The Texts of the Instruments connected with the Agency's Assistance to Iran in Establishing a Research Reactor Project. Suspension of the Application of Safeguards under the Project Agreement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The application of safeguards by the Agency under Section 5 of the Project Agreement reproduced in document INFCIRC/97, part II has been suspended pursuant to Article 23 of Iran's agreement with the Agency for the application of safeguards in connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

  17. Reusable Services from the neuGRID Project for Grid-Based Health Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Anjum, Ashiq; Habib, Irfan; Lansdale, Tom; McClatchey, Richard; Mehmood, Yasir

    2012-01-01

    By abstracting Grid middleware specific considerations from clinical research applications, re-usable services should be developed that will provide generic functionality aimed specifically at medical applications. In the scope of the neuGRID project, generic services are being designed and developed which will be applied to satisfy the requirements of neuroscientists. These services will bring together sources of data and computing elements into a single view as far as applications are concerned, making it possible to cope with centralised, distributed or hybrid data and provide native support for common medical file formats. Services will include querying, provenance, portal, anonymization and pipeline services together with a 'glueing' service for connection to Grid services. Thus lower-level services will hide the peculiarities of any specific Grid technology from upper layers, provide application independence and will enable the selection of 'fit-for-purpose' infrastructures. This paper outlines the desi...

  18. A new project on development and application of comprehensive downscaling methods over Hokkaido.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inatsu, M.; Yamada, T. J.; Sato, T.; Nakamura, K.; Matsuoka, N.; Komatsu, A.; Pokhrel, Y. N.; Sugimoto, S.; Miyazaki, S.

    2012-04-01

    A new project on development and application of comprehensive downscaling methods over Hokkaido started as one of the branches of "Research Program on climate change adaptation" funded by Ministry of Education, Sports, Culture, Science, and Technology of Japan in 2010. Our group will develop two new downscaling algorithms in order to get more information on the uncertainty of high/low temperatures or heavy rainfall. Both of the algorithms called "sampling downscaling" and "hybrid downscaling" are based upon the mixed use of statistical and dynamical downscaling ideas. Another point of the project is to evaluate the effect of land-use changes in Hokkaido, where the major pioneering began only about a century ago. Scientific outcomes on climate changes in Hokkaido from the project will be provided to not only public sectors in Hokkaido but also people who live in Hokkaido through a graphical-user-interface system just like a weather forecast system in a forecast-center's webpage.

  19. The ASTRA (Ancient instruments Sound/Timbre Reconstruction Application) Project brings history to life!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avanzo, Salvatore; Barbera, Roberto; de Mattia, Francesco; Rocca, Giuseppe La; Sorrentino, Mariapaola; Vicinanza, Domenico

    ASTRA (Ancient instruments Sound/Timbre Reconstruction Application) is a project coordinated at Conservatory of Music of Parma which aims to bring history to life. Ancient musical instruments can now be heard for the first time in hundreds of years, thanks to the successful synergy between art/humanities and science. The Epigonion, an instrument of the past, has been digitally recreated using gLite, an advanced middleware developed in the context of the EGEE project and research networks such as GÉANT2 in Europe and EUMEDCONNECT2 in the Mediterranean region. GÉANT2 and EUMEDCONNECT2, by connecting enormous and heterogeneous computing resources, provided the needed infrastructures to speed up the overall computation time and enable the computer-intensive modeling of musical sounds. This paper summarizes the most recent outcomes of the project underlining how the Grid aspect of the computation can support the Cultural Heritage community.

  20. Proposed Applications for the Gateway and Data Node in the IPSL Prodiguer Portal Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhardwaj, Ashish; Denvil, Sébastien; Morgan, Mark

    2010-05-01

    The Pierre Simon Laplace Institut (IPSL), like many other modeling groups, is involved in the development of a comprehensive Earth System Model (ESM) to study the interactions between physical, chemical and biological processes. This work entails the coupling of the different components (land, ocean, atmosphere, chemistry etc.) that demands an execution environment and platform that can tackle the entire range of interdependent model configurations. Furthermore, the ever-increasing number of simulations, executed against model configurations within scientific computing centres, is generating a huge volume of data and meta-data that must be made available to researchers, scientists, modelers, students and general users. To achieve these objectives, we have decided to integrate the efforts made by International and European projects like Earth System Grid, METAFOR and IS-ENES within our execution environment. Prodiguer Project is an initiative of IPSL, France for the availability of climate models simulations data and metadata generated at the scientific computing centres to the French and International community. The presentation will focus on the applications (web based and desktop application) to be developed for the gateway and data node at IPSL which includes: 1. Simulation Monitor (Gateway Web Application) 2. Data Node Metadata Query API (Data Node Application) NOTE: A collaboration scenario is likely to emerge among IPSL-Paris, BADC-UK and DKRZ-Hamburg regarding development and/or testing of the API. 3. Administrative Control Panel for the ESG Data Node and Metadata Database (Data Node Application)

  1. Application of the ELECTRE I method for selection problems involving free software development projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jéfferson Jesus de Araujo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The research is aimed at practical application of the ELECTRE I method for decision-making support in the selection of projects by a free software development company in the city of Juazeiro - BA. The methodology used in the company, the projects to be evaluated, the criteria chosen by the decision maker and their respective weights were used to model the problem, by building decision matrix and conducting ELECTRE I. The results proved effective, satisfying the proposal made in the research. Finally, the conclusions are presented, provoking a discussion of the current method and the proposed method, suggesting the application of the ELECTRE I method and other MCDA methods for other decision-making problems at the company.

  2. Self Localization Method Using Parallel Projection Model for Mobile Sensor in Navigation Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shung Han Cho; Yuntai Kyong; Sangjin Hong; We-Duke Cho

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a novel self localization method using parallel projection model for mobile sensor in navigation applications. The algorithm estimates the coordinate and the orientation of mobile sensor using projected on visual image. The proposed method considers the lens non-linearity of the camera and compensates the distortion by using a calibration table. The method determines the coordinates and orientations with iterative process, which is very accurate with low computational demand. We identify various sources of error on the coordinate and orientation estimations, and present both static sensitivity analysis of the algorithm and dynamic behavior of the mobile sensor. The algorithm can be utilized in mobile robot navigation as well as positioning application where accurate self localization is necessary.

  3. Solar thermal power systems point-focusing thermal and electric applications projects. Volume 1: Executive summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marriott, A.

    1980-01-01

    The activities of the Point-Focusing Thermal and Electric Applications (PETEA) project for the fiscal year 1979 are summarized. The main thrust of the PFTEA Project, the small community solar thermal power experiment, was completed. Concept definition studies included a small central receiver approach, a point-focusing distributed receiver system with central power generation, and a point-focusing distributed receiver concept with distributed power generation. The first experiment in the Isolated Application Series was initiated. Planning for the third engineering experiment series, which addresses the industrial market sector, was also initiated. In addition to the experiment-related activities, several contracts to industry were let and studies were conducted to explore the market potential for point-focusing distributed receiver (PFDR) systems. System analysis studies were completed that looked at PFDR technology relative to other small power system technology candidates for the utility market sector.

  4. Localizing intracavitary brachytherapy applicators from cone-beam CT x-ray projections via a novel iterative forward projection matching algorithm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pokhrel, Damodar; Murphy, Martin J.; Todor, Dorin A.; Weiss, Elisabeth; Williamson, Jeffrey F. [Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298 (United States)

    2011-02-15

    Purpose: To present a novel method for reconstructing the 3D pose (position and orientation) of radio-opaque applicators of known but arbitrary shape from a small set of 2D x-ray projections in support of intraoperative brachytherapy planning. Methods: The generalized iterative forward projection matching (gIFPM) algorithm finds the six degree-of-freedom pose of an arbitrary rigid object by minimizing the sum-of-squared-intensity differences (SSQD) between the computed and experimentally acquired autosegmented projection of the objects. Starting with an initial estimate of the object's pose, gIFPM iteratively refines the pose parameters (3D position and three Euler angles) until the SSQD converges. The object, here specialized to a Fletcher-Weeks intracavitary brachytherapy (ICB) applicator, is represented by a fine mesh of discrete points derived from complex combinatorial geometric models of the actual applicators. Three pairs of computed and measured projection images with known imaging geometry are used. Projection images of an intrauterine tandem and colpostats were acquired from an ACUITY cone-beam CT digital simulator. An image postprocessing step was performed to create blurred binary applicators only images. To quantify gIFPM accuracy, the reconstructed 3D pose of the applicator model was forward projected and overlaid with the measured images and empirically calculated the nearest-neighbor applicator positional difference for each image pair. Results: In the numerical simulations, the tandem and colpostats positions (x,y,z) and orientations ({alpha},{beta},{gamma}) were estimated with accuracies of 0.6 mm and 2 deg., respectively. For experimentally acquired images of actual applicators, the residual 2D registration error was less than 1.8 mm for each image pair, corresponding to about 1 mm positioning accuracy at isocenter, with a total computation time of less than 1.5 min on a 1 GHz processor. Conclusions: This work describes a novel, accurate

  5. Application study of the project management on the nuclear power projects in China Institute of Atomic Energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The article introduced the actions of foreign and domestic nuclear power technical services in China Institute of Atomic Energy, the project management theory is applied to the organization, implementation and control of the nuclear power projects. It is analyzed the quality, schedule , investment etc of nuclear power projects, the improving measures and suggestions are bring forward on the project management organization, quality assurance, reduce cost etc. It will raise its nuclear power project management level in China Institute of Atomic Energy. (author)

  6. Project Success : Application of Kotter's functions of managers and leaders when evaluating project success: using The Iron Triangle

    OpenAIRE

    Bardh, Madelene; Bokedal, Madeleine; Stensson, Vibecke

    2011-01-01

    Background: Working in a project setting has been common since the nineteenth-century and has been developed in numerous industries until today. Nevertheless, we have found a gap in research, to separately study managers’ and leaders’ way to influence the success in projects. We believe that to study how the functions of managers and leaders affect the outcome of a project, will bring new knowledge for how the people involved in a project can create a successful project. This is important and...

  7. Bug tracking and project management system application in an electronic design company

    OpenAIRE

    Sadık ARSLAN; Yücalar, Fatih

    2016-01-01

    In this study, commercially available Bug Tracking and Management Information Systems has been investigated in a comprehensive manner. The systems that commonly used described in detail. Bug Tracking and Project Management Systems requirements analysis of medium-sized companies and Kentkart Ege Electronic which is an Information Technology company has been made. Obtained by the analysis requirements, the appropriate tools are selected for system application. JIRA that a product of Atlassian c...

  8. Synchrophasor Network, Laboratory and Software Applications Developed in the STRONg2rid Project

    OpenAIRE

    Almas, Muhammad Shoaib; Baudette, Maxime; Vanfretti, Luigi; Løvlund, S; Gjerde, J. O.

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the activities carried out in one of the work packages of the Nordic Energy Research funded project Smart Transmission Grid Operation and Control (STRONg2rid). The main objective of the work package is to deploy a state-of-the-art software and hardware for developing power system operation, protection, control and automation applications. Several PMUs have been deployed at partner universities and a network of synchrophasors has been set up. In addition the Smart Transmiss...

  9. Projecting the impacts of illness on labour force participation: An application of Health&WealthMOD

    OpenAIRE

    Deborah Schofield; Rupendra Shrestha; Megan Passey; Susan Fletcher; Simon Kelly; Richard Percival

    2011-01-01

    Health&WealthMOD is the first Australian microsimulation model designed to determine the economic impacts of disease on older workers, aged 45 to 65 years. Chronic health conditions are known to be associated with early retirement. This paper describes an application of Health&WealthMOD to estimate the impact of this association on projected labour force participation to 2020 given the ageing population and long-term trend in chronic conditions. Due to ageing and disease trends, the number of...

  10. National funding initiatives for laser technology in Germany: projects on brilliant laser sources and their applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachmann, Friedrich

    2011-02-01

    Germany's leading role in laser technology is not least a consequence of successful national precompetitive joint development projects between industry and science: Funding of laser technology in Germany is strongly performed by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and has already been started in the second half of the eighties of last century. Since then several programs matched to the actual technological status and the future requirements of the market have been run: whilst activities have been focused on gas lasers in the beginning, today - in the actual research funding program "optical technologies" - semiconductor lasers and diode pumped lasers are in the center of interest. More than ever before relevance of the development to applications must be integrated into the projects. Consequently, in most projects lasers source development and application of novel brilliant laser sources are combined. This has been successfully performed in the BRIOLAS (Brilliant Diode Lasers) initiative, which has been launched in 2004 and will come to an end in 2010. Based on the knowledge and experience gained in the 13 projects of the BRIOLAS initiative, two new initiatives have been launched in 2008, namely INLAS (Integrated Optical Components for High Power Laser Beam Sources) and MABRILAS (Material Processing with Brilliant Laser Beam Sources).

  11. Sharing the Costs of Complex Water Projects: Application to the West Delta Water Conservation and Irrigation Rehabilitation Project, Egypt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Moretti

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Effective sharing mechanisms of joint costs among beneficiaries of a project are a fundamental requirement for the sustainability of the project. Projects that are heterogeneous both in terms of the landscape of the area under development or the participants (users lead to a more complicated set of allocation mechanisms than homogeneous projects. The analysis presented in this paper uses cooperative game theory to develop schemes for sharing costs and revenues from a project involving various beneficiaries in an equitable and fair way. The proposed approach is applied to the West Delta irrigation project. It sketches a differential two-part tariff that reproduces the allocation of total project costs using the Shapley Value, a well-known cooperative game allocation solution. The proposed differential tariff, applied to each land section in the project reflecting their landscape-related costs, contrasts the unified tariff that was proposed using the traditional methods in the project planning documents.

  12. Projection pursuit cluster model and its application in water quality assessment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Shun-jiu; YANG Zhi-feng; DING Jing

    2004-01-01

    One of the difficulties frequently encountered in water quality assessment is that there are many factors and they cannot be assessed according to one factor, all the effect factors associated with water quality must be used. In order to overcome this issues the projection pursuit principle is introduced into water quality assessment, and projection pursuit cluster(PPC) model is developed in this study. The PPC model makes the transition from high dimension to one-dimension. In other words, based on the PPC model, multifactor problem can be converted to one factor problem. The application of PPC model can be divided into four parts: (1) to estimate projection index function ; (2) to find the right projection direction; (3) to calculate projection characteristic value of the sample , and (4) to draw comprehensive analysis on the basis of . On the other hand, the empirical formula of cutoff radius is developed, which is benefit for the model to be used in practice. Finally, a case study of water quality assessment is proposed in this paper. The results showed that the PPC model is reasonable, and it is more objective and less subjective in water quality assessment. It is a new method for multivariate problem comprehensive analysis.

  13. Application of the Monte-Carlo method in projecting radiometric instruments for industrial application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Computer software is described for mathematical simulation of the photone generation process from radiation sources; gamma-photones interaction with different media and their detection by means of the Geiger-Mueller and scintillation counters. The method permits to find optimal solutions for different radiation sources and different geometries in projecting industrial radiometric equipment for measuring and control. According to the energy or angular distributions of photones ourside or inside the moderating media it is possible to obtain information about the parameters of the moderating media measured. For example: measuring of such parameters as density, thickness, level, moisture. In the radioactive media, or media labelled by radioactivity, for example, during boring boreholes in the radioactive minerals containing strata, it is possible to obtain information about concentrations of the radioactivity in them. These radioactivity distributions can indicate a zone of the emitted or scattered photones, optimum for the detector's location and to have parameters of measurement with the demanded accuracy. The energy distribution of photones in the place selected for a detector location permits to establish photones energy range having maximum intensity and hence to determine the detector selection or selection of the detection threshold in such a way that to obtain the highest sensitivity in the energy range where photones intensity is maximum

  14. Environmental Impacts of the Production and Application of Biochar - EuroChar Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rack, Mireille; Woods, Jeremy

    2014-05-01

    One of the potential benefits of biochar is carbon sequestration. To determine the overall net sequestration potential it is important to analyse the full supply chain, assessing both the direct and indirect emissions associated with the production and application of biochar. However, it is essential to also incorporate additional environmental impact categories to ensure the assessment of a more complete environmental impact profile. This paper uses a full life-cycle assessment (LCA) methodology to evaluate the results from the EuroChar, 'biochar for carbon sequestration and large-scale removal of GHG from the atmosphere', project. This EU Seventh Framework Programme project aims to investigate and reduce uncertainties around the impacts of, and opportunities for, biochar, and in particular explore possible pathways for its introduction into modern agricultural systems in Europe. The LCA methodology, according to the ISO standards, is applied to the project-specific supply chains to analyse the environmental impacts of biochar production and application. Two conversion technologies for the production of biochar are assessed, gasification and hydrothermal carbonization (HTC), in order to provide conversion efficiencies and emission factors for the biochar production component of the supply chain. The selected feedstocks include those derived from waste residues and dedicated crops. For the end use stage, various forms and methods for biochar application are considered. In addition to the Global Warming Potential category, other environmental impact categories are also included in the analysis. The resulting 'feedstock * conversion technology' matrix provides nine pathways for the production and application of biochar, which are applied as a representative basis for the scenario modelling. These scenarios have been developed in order to assess the feedstock and land availability in Europe for the production and application of biochar and to give an order of

  15. Application-Dedicated Selection of Filters (ADSF) using covariance maximization and orthogonal projection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadoux, Xavier; Kumar, Dinesh Kant; Sarossy, Marc G; Roger, Jean-Michel; Gorretta, Nathalie

    2016-05-19

    Visible and near-infrared (Vis-NIR) spectra are generated by the combination of numerous low resolution features. Spectral variables are thus highly correlated, which can cause problems for selecting the most appropriate ones for a given application. Some decomposition bases such as Fourier or wavelet generally help highlighting spectral features that are important, but are by nature constraint to have both positive and negative components. Thus, in addition to complicating the selected features interpretability, it impedes their use for application-dedicated sensors. In this paper we have proposed a new method for feature selection: Application-Dedicated Selection of Filters (ADSF). This method relaxes the shape constraint by enabling the selection of any type of user defined custom features. By considering only relevant features, based on the underlying nature of the data, high regularization of the final model can be obtained, even in the small sample size context often encountered in spectroscopic applications. For larger scale deployment of application-dedicated sensors, these predefined feature constraints can lead to application specific optical filters, e.g., lowpass, highpass, bandpass or bandstop filters with positive only coefficients. In a similar fashion to Partial Least Squares, ADSF successively selects features using covariance maximization and deflates their influences using orthogonal projection in order to optimally tune the selection to the data with limited redundancy. ADSF is well suited for spectroscopic data as it can deal with large numbers of highly correlated variables in supervised learning, even with many correlated responses. PMID:27126785

  16. Precise control and animation creation over the DMD for projection-based applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koudsi, Badia

    2014-03-01

    Digital micromirror devices (DMDs) are used in a variety of display and projection applications to produce high resolution images, both static and animated. A common obstacle to working with DMDs in research and development applications is the steep learning curve required to obtain proficiency in programming the boards that control the behavior of the DMDs. This can discourage developers who wish to use DMDs in new or novel research and development applications which might benefit from their light-control properties. A new software package called Light Animator has been developed that provides a user friendly and more intuitive interface for controlling the DMD. The software allows users to address the micromirror array by the drawing and animation of objects in a style similar to that of commercial drawing programs. Sequences and animation are controlled by dividing the sequence into frames which the user can draw individually or the software can fill in for the user. Examples and descriptions of the software operation are described and operational performance measures are provided. Potential applications include 3D volumetric displays, a 3D scanner when combining the DMD with a CCD camera, and most any 2D application for which DMDs are currently used. The software's capabilities allow scientists to develop applications more easily and effectively.

  17. LWR multi-physics developments and applications within the framework of the NURESIM European project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The overall objective of the NURESIM Multi-Physics sub-project (NURESIM-MP) activities is to integrate the simulation tools developed within the NURESIM Core Physics sub-project (NURESIM-CP), with the simulation tools developed within the NURESIM Thermal-Hydraulics sub-project (NURESIM-TH), to complete the European software platform and enable coupled neutron-kinetics/thermal- hydraulics transient simulations of operational and design basis accident conditions for existing LWR's (PWR, BWR, VVER). The first NURESIM-MP developments are described and the first, proof-of-principle, applications to multi-physics and multi-scale problems using the European codes CRONOS2, FLICA4 and COBAYA3 are presented and discussed. Thus, a coupled N/TH application using the CEA codes CRONOS2 and FLICA4 was developed using the advanced multi-physics functionalities of the SALOME software, on which the architecture of the European platform will be based. The coupling application includes a mesh-to-mesh interpolation tool that was developed in order to allow coupling N and TH solvers using non identical three-dimensional meshing schemes. A generic Application Programming Interface was also developed to allow for a flexible manipulation and coupling of different solvers, which is a prerequisite for the development of complex multi-physics calculation routes. The first exercise applies a N/TH coupling of CRONOS2 and FLICA4 inside the SALOME-based platform for the analysis of a test case derived from the NEA-OECD PWR MSLB Benchmark. The second exercise applies the COBAYA3 core 3D fine-mesh multi-group neutron diffusion solver using a domain decomposition method, which allows for an efficient parallel implementation in memory distributed multi-processors. (authors)

  18. Application of point system in the project control of Ling'ao Nuclear Power Station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schedule control and cost control are very complicated issues even we set up the detail schedules and engineering measurements requirements for erection of a nuclear power project. In order to solve these problems, a Point System is used in Ling Ao (LA) Nuclear Power Project. This paper introduces the method. The Point System is a measurement system of workload. The measurement unit of any erection works is a Point only. A Point of workload is defined as the equivalent measurement quantities, which could be completed by a relevant skill worker within an hour. A set of procedure manuals for different installations has been set up. The calculation models of equipment installation, piping, cabling are addressed for example in the paper. The application of the Point System in the schedule control is shown in the paper. The following issues are highlighted: to define the duration of a piping activity in the Project Level 2 Schedule, to draught the curves of Point Schedules for different erection fields, to analyze the productive efficiency, to define erection quota of each month for different erection teams, to follow up the erection progress on site. The application of the Point System in the payment of erection contract is outlined. The calculation formula of a monthly payment is given. The advantage of the payment calculation method is discussed, for example, more accurate, very easy and clearly to check the measurement quantities completed on site, to control lump-sum cost. (authors)

  19. Practical Application of Participatory Approach in Land Conversion Project Planning: A Case in Quxian County, Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Application of participatory approaches in governmental forestry projects is a bran-new forestry design method. The purpose is to plan the utilization of land correctly, and to determine planting sites, planting species, participating households and management models, based on the projects' requirements and the farmers' demands. Participatory approaches are now practiced in some of the counties in Land Conversion Project. The paper presents the significance and necessity of practicing community mechanis...

  20. Application of the BISON Fuel Performance Code of the FUMEX-III Coordinated Research Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 1981, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has sponsored a series of Coordinated Research Projects (CRP) in the area of nuclear fuel modeling. These projects have typically lasted 3-5 years and have had broad international participation. The objectives of the projects have been to assess the maturity and predictive capability of fuel performance codes, support interaction and information exchange between countries with code development and application needs, build a database of well- defined experiments suitable for code validation, transfer a mature fuel modeling code to developing countries, and provide guidelines for code quality assurance and code application to fuel licensing. The fourth and latest of these projects, known as FUMEX-III1 (FUel Modeling at EXtended Burnup- III), began in 2008 and ended in December of 2011. FUMEX-III was the first of this series of fuel modeling CRP's in which the INL participated. Participants met at the beginning of the project to discuss and select a set of experiments ('priority cases') for consideration during the project. These priority cases were of broad interest to the participants and included reasonably well-documented and reliable data. A meeting was held midway through the project for participants to present and discuss progress on modeling the priority cases. A final meeting was held at close of the project to present and discuss final results and provide input for a final report. Also in 2008, the INL initiated development of a new multidimensional (2D and 3D) multiphysics nuclear fuel performance code called BISON, with code development progressing steadily during the three-year FUMEX-III project. Interactions with international fuel modeling researchers via FUMEX-III played a significant role in the BISON evolution, particularly influencing the selection of material and behavioral models which are now included in the code. The FUMEX-III cases are generally integral fuel rod experiments occurring

  1. The Texts of the Instruments connected with the Agency's Assistance to Mexico in Establishing a Research Reactor Project. Suspension of the Application of Safeguards under the Project Agreement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The application of safeguards by the Agency under Section 6 of the Project Agreement that is reproduced in document INFCIRC/52, part II, and was amended by the Second Supply Agreement reproduced in document INFCIRC/52/Add.1, has been suspended pursuant to Article 23 of Mexico's agreement with the Agency for the application of safeguards in connection with the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

  2. Presentation note of the order project related to the general technical regulation applicable to INBs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document presents the scope of the order project which defines the main requirements applicable to INBs (base nuclear installations) in terms of protection of people and of the environment in front of risks of accident, of pollutions and other nuisances. More precisely, the document explains the scope of the several specific aspects addressed by this order: safety policy and management, accident risk management, management of nuisance and of the installation impact on population and on the environment, management and elimination of wastes and fuels spent by a base nuclear installation, management of emergency situations, population information, authorization request procedures, and other provisions

  3. Application of the ARCAL XX Project documents for industrial radiography control in Peru

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objectives of the ARCAL XX Project: 'Guidelines on Control of Radiation Sources' (1997-2000) were to elaborate several documents, product of the regional experience that has had great utility for Regulatory Authorities and radiation ionizing users. Some of these documents contain Radiological Safety Requirements, Guide for Authorisation Application and Inspections Procedures. The implementation of these guidelines will improve the effectiveness of regulatory control of radiation sources in Peru by Regulatory Authority (IPEN) and the radiological protection in aspects of occupational, medical, public and potential exposure. This document presents the experience in the development of these guidelines and their contribution for elaborating national regulations for use of industrial radiography

  4. Sol-Gel Application for Consolidating Stone: An Example of Project-Based Learning in a Physical Chemistry Lab

    Science.gov (United States)

    de los Santos, Desiree´ M.; Montes, Antonio; Sa´nchez-Coronilla, Antonio; Navas, Javier

    2014-01-01

    A Project Based Learning (PBL) methodology was used in the practical laboratories of the Advanced Physical Chemistry department. The project type proposed simulates "real research" focusing on sol-gel synthesis and the application of the obtained sol as a stone consolidant. Students were divided into small groups (2 to 3 students) to…

  5. Computers in the Small Scale Construction Trades. Industry Applications and Education. Vocational Education Special Project, Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charns, Harold; Porter, Dennis

    This project introduced microcomputers to small-scale construction trades programs through selected California community colleges. The computers were used for applications and computer-aided instruction in construction management and carpentry classes within the departments of vocational education. The project aimed to (1) define the uses for…

  6. The beneficial applications of nuclear technology: an educational project to disseminate knowledge and encourage research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Levy, Denise S., E-mail: denise@radioatividades.com.br [Omiccron Programacao Grafica Ltda (Omiccron P.G.), Atibaia, SP (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    Nuclear technology is part of our everyday life and helps to improve the quality of our lifestyle in more ways than people realize. Nevertheless, the issue divides public opinion in Brazil and worldwide. There is still great misinformation about nuclear technology and peaceful uses of radiation. Most often, the media and social networks associate radiation to nuclear weapons or major accidents. Parents and teachers are often unaware of the matter. Any construction depends on a solid foundation and education is the foundation of every society. This project aims the dissemination of nuclear technology contents for teachers and students of Elementary and Secondary Education throughout Brazil. Whereas Internet access has increased strongly in Brazilian schools, this project provides various web-based short courses about nuclear technology and its beneficial applications in several areas, such as medicine, agriculture, industry and energy. The design, created according to modern concepts, presents different thematic roles which please children and youth. Since this project aims the dissemination of information, all courses are offered to the public at absolutely no cost. Still, the Project will provide a restricted area for teachers, with related material to develop in class. This educational project uses the combination of multiple technologies and last generation internet resources. All content can be accessed from any traditional internet connection, either for computers or mobile technologies. Our goal is to promote the benefits of nuclear technology for new generations, combating misinformation, omission of the media and knowledge fragmentation. Education transforms old prejudices and inspires new thoughts, stimulating development and encouraging scientific and technological research. (author)

  7. The beneficial applications of nuclear technology: an educational project to disseminate knowledge and encourage research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear technology is part of our everyday life and helps to improve the quality of our lifestyle in more ways than people realize. Nevertheless, the issue divides public opinion in Brazil and worldwide. There is still great misinformation about nuclear technology and peaceful uses of radiation. Most often, the media and social networks associate radiation to nuclear weapons or major accidents. Parents and teachers are often unaware of the matter. Any construction depends on a solid foundation and education is the foundation of every society. This project aims the dissemination of nuclear technology contents for teachers and students of Elementary and Secondary Education throughout Brazil. Whereas Internet access has increased strongly in Brazilian schools, this project provides various web-based short courses about nuclear technology and its beneficial applications in several areas, such as medicine, agriculture, industry and energy. The design, created according to modern concepts, presents different thematic roles which please children and youth. Since this project aims the dissemination of information, all courses are offered to the public at absolutely no cost. Still, the Project will provide a restricted area for teachers, with related material to develop in class. This educational project uses the combination of multiple technologies and last generation internet resources. All content can be accessed from any traditional internet connection, either for computers or mobile technologies. Our goal is to promote the benefits of nuclear technology for new generations, combating misinformation, omission of the media and knowledge fragmentation. Education transforms old prejudices and inspires new thoughts, stimulating development and encouraging scientific and technological research. (author)

  8. Engineering a large application software project: the controls of the CERN PS accelerator complex

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CERN PS accelerator complex has been progressively converted to full computer controls without interrupting its full-time operation (more than 6000 hours per year with on average not more than 1% of the total down-time due to controls). The application software amounts to 120 man-years and 450'000 instructions: it compares with other large software projects, also outside the accelerator world: e.g. Skylab's ground support software. This paper outlines the application software structure which takes into account technical requirements and constraints (resulting from the complexity of the process and its operation) and economical and managerial ones. It presents the engineering and management techniques used to promote implementation, testing and commissioning within budget, manpower and time constraints and concludes with experience gained

  9. Summaries of research projects for fiscal years 1996 and 1997, medical applications and biophysical research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-02-01

    The Medical Applications and Biophysical Research Division of the Office of Biological and Environmental Research supports and manages research in several distinct areas of science and technology. The projects described in this book are grouped by the main budgetary areas: General Life Sciences (structural molecular biology), Medical Applications (primarily nuclear medicine) and Measurement Science (analytical chemistry instrumentation), Environmental Management Science Program, and the Small Business Innovation Research Program. The research funded by this division complements that of the other two divisions in the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (OBER): Health Effects and Life Sciences Research, and Environmental Sciences. Most of the OBER programs are planned and administered jointly by the staff of two or all three of the divisions. This summary book provides information on research supported in these program areas during Fiscal Years 1996 and 1997.

  10. An Application of the PMI Model at the Project Level: Evaluation of the ESEA Title IV C Fresh Start Minischool Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Patricia C.

    The Planning, Monitoring, and Implementation Model (PMI) was developed to provide a model for systematic evaluation of educational programs to determine their effectiveness in achieving goals and objectives. This paper demonstrates the applicability of the PMI model at the project level. Fresh Start Minischool at Ballou High School (District of…

  11. Opportunities for early application of CO2 sequestration technology project. PEACS. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the activities of the IEA Greenhouse Gas R and D Programme (IEA GHG) is to understand what could facilitate the introduction of mitigation technology. Geological storage of CO2 is a technology that has the potential (in combination with other mitigation measures) to make deep reductions in CO2 emissions, which will most probably be needed to achieve the UNFCC goal of stabilisation of atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations. The idea behind the present PEACS study is to identify those combinations worldwide where industrial sources of high purity CO2 are located not too far away (up to 100 km) from oil or coal reservoirs. Injection of CO2 would then enable either Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) or enhanced Coal Bed Methane (ECBM) generation. If costs can be minimised by linking low cost storage options to nearby high purity CO2 sources and potential sources for financing can be found (including mechanisms related to GHG mitigation), then EOR and ECBM projects can be identified that may be attractive to potential investors. In this way, such projects would offer opportunities for early implementation of CO2 capture and storage technology which is the subject of the present PEACS study: Project for Early Application of Carbon dioxide Storage

  12. The application of the unmanned aerial vehicle remote sensing technology in the FAST project construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Boqin

    2015-08-01

    The purpose of using unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) remote sensing application in Five-hundred-meter aperture spherical telescope (FAST) project is to dynamically record the construction process with high resolution image, monitor the environmental impact, and provide services for local environmental protection and the reserve immigrants. This paper introduces the use of UAV remote sensing system and the course design and implementation for the FAST site. Through the analysis of the time series data, we found that: (1) since the year 2012, the project has been widely carried out; (2) till 2013, the internal project begun to take shape;(3) engineering excavation scope was kept stable in 2014, and the initial scale of the FAST engineering construction has emerged as in the meantime, the vegetation recovery went well on the bare soil area; (4) in 2015, none environmental problems caused by engineering construction and other engineering geological disaster were found in the work area through the image interpretation of UAV images. This paper also suggested that the UAV technology need some improvements to fulfill the requirements of surveying and mapping specification., including a new data acquisition and processing measures assigned with the background of highly diverse elevation, usage of telephoto camera, hierarchical photography with different flying height, and adjustment with terrain using the joint empty three settlement method.

  13. Application techniques of coatings by thermal projection; Tecnicas de aplicacion de recubrimientos por proyeccion termica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Porcayo Calderon, Jesus [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)

    1995-12-31

    The coatings applied by thermal projection have an important number of applications in different industries (chemical, oil, electric, nuclear, etc.). The main purpose of the protection by means of coatings is to alter the surface characteristics of a component so as to resist corrosive environments, abrasion and erosion, among others. The coatings can be applied by different methods, but due to the fact that its characteristics appreciably differ from the base metal, it is important the knowledge of its properties when a coating is selected for a specific use. In this article the characteristics of the applied coatings by thermal projection, the factors that affect its performance and the principal application techniques, are described. [Espanol] Los recubrimientos aplicados por proyeccion termica tienen un numero importante de aplicaciones en diferentes industrias (quimica, petrolera, electrica, nuclear, etc.). El proposito principal de la proteccion por medio de recubrimientos es alterar las caracteristicas de la superficie de un componente de manera que resista ambientes corrosivos, abrasion y erosion, entre otros. Los recubrimientos pueden aplicarse por diferentes metodos, pero debido a que sus propiedades difieren apreciablemente de las del metal base, es importante el conocimiento de sus propiedades cuando se selecciona un recubrimiento para un uso especifico. En este articulo se describen las caracteristicas de los recubrimientos aplicados por proyeccion termica, los factores que afectan su desempeno y las principales tecnicas de aplicacion.

  14. Baselines For Land-Use Change In The Tropics: Application ToAvoided Deforestation Projects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, Sandra; Hall, Myrna; Andrasko, Ken; Ruiz, Fernando; Marzoli, Walter; Guerrero, Gabriela; Masera, Omar; Dushku, Aaron; Dejong,Ben; Cornell, Joseph

    2007-06-01

    Although forest conservation activities particularly in thetropics offer significant potential for mitigating carbon emissions,these types of activities have faced obstacles in the policy arena causedby the difficulty in determining key elements of the project cycle,particularly the baseline. A baseline for forest conservation has twomain components: the projected land-use change and the correspondingcarbon stocks in the applicable pools such as vegetation, detritus,products and soil, with land-use change being the most difficult toaddress analytically. In this paper we focus on developing and comparingthree models, ranging from relatively simple extrapolations of pasttrends in land use based on simple drivers such as population growth tomore complex extrapolations of past trends using spatially explicitmodels of land-use change driven by biophysical and socioeconomicfactors. The three models of the latter category used in the analysis atregional scale are The Forest Area Change (FAC) model, the Land Use andCarbon Sequestration (LUCS) model, and the Geographical Modeling (GEOMOD)model. The models were used to project deforestation in six tropicalregions that featured different ecological and socioeconomic conditions,population dynamics, and uses of the land: (1) northern Belize; (2) SantaCruz State, Bolivia; (3) Parana State in Brazil; (4) Campeche, Mexico;(5) Chiapas, Mexico; and (6) Michoacan, Mexico. A comparison of all modeloutputs across all six regions shows that each model produced quitedifferent deforestation baseline. In general, the simplest FAC model,applied at the national administrative-unit scale, projected the highestamount of forest loss (four out of six) and the LUCS model the leastamount of loss (four out of five). Based on simulations of GEOMOD, wefound that readily observable physical and biological factors as well asdistance to areas of past disturbance were each about twice as importantas either sociological/demographic or economic

  15. 基于Project的工程管理思想与方法的应用%Application of Project Management Ideology and Methodology Based on MS Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莉

    2014-01-01

    Modern engineering projects become more and more complicated. The project managers require related technical, economic, legal knowledge, and they also need to pay more attention to application of basic project management ideology and methodology. It introduces several typical project management ideology and common management methodology and tools, and points out that implementation of project management ideology and methodology needs support for informatization. Finally it analyzes how Microsoft Project supports the project management ideology and methodology.%现代工程项目日趋复杂,要求项目管理者既要掌握与工程相关的技术、经济、法律知识外,更应注重工程管理的基本思想和方法的应用。介绍几种典型的项目管理思想以及常见的管理方法,指出工程管理思想和方法的落实需要信息化的支撑,最后分析了Project软件对各种项目管理思想和方法的支持情况。

  16. A Design Methodology for Folded, Pipelined Architectures in VLSI Applications using Projective Space Lattices

    CERN Document Server

    Sharma, Hrishikesh

    2011-01-01

    Semi-parallel, or folded, VLSI architectures are used whenever hardware resources need to be saved at design time. Most recent applications that are based on Projective Geometry (PG) based balanced bipartite graph also fall in this category. In this paper, we provide a high-level, top-down design methodology to design optimal semi-parallel architectures for applications, whose Data Flow Graph (DFG) is based on PG bipartite graph. Such applications have been found e.g. in error-control coding and matrix computations. Unlike many other folding schemes, the topology of connections between physical elements does not change in this methodology. Another advantage is the ease of implementation. To lessen the throughput loss due to folding, we also incorporate a pipelining strategy in the design methodology. A complete decoder has been prototyped for proof of concept, and is publicly available. Another specific high-performance design of an LDPC decoder based on this methodology was worked out in past, and has been p...

  17. Study on the application of computer-aided information systems in the planning and control of nuclear fuel cycle projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report on hand presents possible applications of a project planning and coordination system for projects concerning the nuclear fuel cycle, with special regard to waste management. The relevant licencing procedures applied to said projects as well as basic elements of project planning systems, e.g. project structure plan, ''milestone-plan'' and network plan are dealt with in this report. For the licensing procedure under atomic law, a possible project structure is indicated. Furthermore, processes and occurances to be considered in the elaboration of particular network plans are listed. In addition, particulars for the schedules degree of specifications are given. To round up the report, recommendations are given for future lines of proceeding in the introduction of computer-aided information systems for use in projets on the nuclear fuel cycle. (orig.)

  18. 项目主管制在技术改造项目中的应用%The Application of Project Manager Method Applied in Technological Retrofit Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎飞龙

    2009-01-01

    This paper summarize the experience of project manager method applied in government invested technological retrofit project, discuss the actual application of project management in project construction,contract management,material management,project control and project risk management and finally optimize the management mode and management method.%通过总结项目主管制在政府投资的技术改造项目中的应用经验,项目主管制在项目的组织建设、合同管理、物资管理、项目控制、项目风险管理等环节的实际应用.分析原因,并对管理方式、方法进行优化;运用项目管理理论,归纳总结项目主管制在项目管理上的经验,以期同行借鉴并共同探讨.

  19. Laboratory projects using inquiry-based learning: an application to a practical inorganic course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José G. Carriazo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports how laboratory projects (LP coupled to inquiry-based learning (IBL were implemented in a practical inorganic chemistry course. Several coordination compounds have been successfully synthesised by students according to the proposed topics by the LP-IBL junction, and the chemistry of a number of metals has been studied. Qualitative data were collected from written reports, oral presentations, lab-notebook reviews and personal discussions with the students through an experimental course with undergraduate second-year students at the Universidad Nacional de Colombia during the last 5 years. Positive skills production was observed by combining LP and IBL. Conceptual, practical, interpretational, constructional (questions, explanations, hypotheses, communicational, environmental and application abilities were revealed by the students throughout the experimental course.

  20. The Application of Sensl Silicon Photomultipliers in GAMMA-400 Satellite Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arkhangelskiy, A. I.; Arkhangelskaja, I. V.; Merphi, J.; Runtso, M. F.; Timoshin, V. S.

    Scientific project GAMMA-400 (Gamma-Astronomy Multifunction Modules Apparatus) relates to the new generation of space observatories for investigation of cosmic γ-emission in the energy band from ˜20 MeV up to several TeV, electron/positron fluxes from ˜1 GeV up to ˜10 TeV and cosmic-ray nuclei fluxes with energies up to ˜1015 eV. The core of the scientific complex is gamma-telescope GAMMA-400. It contains a set of detecting systems using so-called "segmentation" principle and consists of a large amount of scintillation elements (˜1200 by current apparatus design). The utilization of vacuum PMT as the light sensors for scintillation elements arouses a number of serious problems connected with the apparatus weight and dimensions restrictions, power consumption, reliability requirements and so on. An alternative solution - the application of silicon photomultipliers as the light sensors for scintillation detectors is considered.

  1. GIS application in Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant data management for environmental surveying project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes how a prototype environmental data management system has been developed during Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant environmental surveying project. Geographic Information System is an adequate tool to get quick and reliable information about Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant environmental parameters.The present report reviews the objectives of Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant environmental data management system.It also describes the components of the Geographic Information System used for accessing data and analyzes data obtained. Recent advances in client/server web technology have the potential of greatly simplifying data accessibility. In this research, a prototype web site has been developed and few layers of Geographic Information System data have been distributed via local intra net. The web site is a dynamic page that is divided into three major parts. This paper presents application in preparation of Environmental Report for Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant during the period of 1999 to 2003. To illustrate the use of Geographic Information System in Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant environmental surveying project three case studies are presented

  2. Japanese efforts on coated conductor processing and its power applications: New 5 year project for materials and power applications of coated conductors (M-PACC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiohara, Y.; Fujiwara, N.; Hayashi, H.; Nagaya, S.; Izumi, T.; Yoshizumi, M.

    2009-10-01

    Five years of Japanese national project (FY2003-FY2007) was ended last spring with remarkable success. The national project was originally aimed for development of coated conductors which have high superconductivity performance and long length enough to fabricate high temperature superconducting (HTS) electric power devices. Preliminary research and development of HTS electric power devices were carried out as well. A series of R&D results will be summarized and reviewed in this paper. The new 5 years Japanese national project has started last June (FY2008-FY2012) to develop HTS electric power applications including SMES, cables and transformers and to develop/produce coated conductors satisfying the requirements from the respective power devices. Collaborative R&D efforts by national laboratories, universities and private companies have been started with the supports of NEDO and METI. The accomplishment of the previous project will be summarized and the plans and goals of the new project will be presented in this paper.

  3. The G8-global healthcare applications project (GHAP) - recommendations for the way into the information society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dietzel

    1999-12-16

    The Global Healthcare Applications Project has sought to demonstrate the potential of telematics in the field of medicine and healthcare and to promote joint approaches to issues such as the setting of standards. This has been done through 10 sub-projects covering a range of applications and issues: 1. Towards a global public health information network - Coordinator: Germany (Ulrich Laaser, ulaaser@mail.uni-bielefeld.de; URL: http://health.ibs.uni-bielefeld. de/i-jphe/database/documents/abstract/laaser-g7.htm(C45-60_laaser-g7. pdf) 2. Improving prevention, early detection, diagnosis and treatment of cancer. - Coordinator: France (Gerard Brugal, gerard. brugal@imag.fr; URL: http://pathconsult.imag.fr/G7/G7_index.html) 3. Improving prevention, diagnosis and treatment of major cardiovascular diseases. - Coordinator: Italy (Attilio Maseri, amaseri@rm.unicatt.it; URL: http://www.g7cardio.org) 4. International concerted action for collaboration in telemedicine. - Coordinator: Canada (Andre Lacroix, lacroixa@ere.umontreal.ca; URL: http:// www.g7sp4.org) 5. Enabling mechanisms for a global healthcare network, including Internet connectivity. - Coordinator: UK (Ray Rogers, r.rogers@mcmail.com; URL: http://www.ehto.be/sp5) 6. International harmonisation of the use of data cards in healthcare: Internet Connectivity Coordinator: USA (Elliot R. Siegel, siegel@nlm.nih.gov; URL: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/) - Smart Cards and information exchange security in health care Joint Coordinators: France, European Commission, Italy and Germany (Jacques Sauret, jacques.sauret@sante.gouv.fr and G8-HC@sesam-vitale.fr; URL: http:/www.sesam-vitale.fr/Projects/Netlink-G7-En/) 7. Evidence and effectiveness. - Coordinator: Canada (Andrew Penn, andrew. penn@ualberta.ca; URL: http://www.medlib.com/spi/web.htm) 8. Multilingual anatomical digital database. - Coordinator: USA (Michael J. Ackermann; URL: http://www.nlm.nih.gov) 9. Medical image reference centre. - Coordinator: Japan (Eturo Kashiwagi

  4. Amazonas project: Application of remote sensing techniques for the integrated survey of natural resources in Amazonas. [Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dejesusparada, N. (Principal Investigator)

    1981-01-01

    The use of LANDSAT multispectral scanner and return beam vidicon imagery for surveying the natural resources of the Brazilian Amazonas is described. Purposes of the Amazonas development project are summarized. The application of LANDSAT imagery to identification of vegetation coverage and soil use, identification of soil types, geomorphology, and geology and highway planning is discussed. An evaluation of the worth of LANDSAT imagery in mapping the region is presented. Maps generated by the project are included.

  5. Hydrogen Research for Spaceport and Space-Based Applications: Fuel Cell Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Tim; Balaban, Canan

    2008-01-01

    The activities presented are a broad based approach to advancing key hydrogen related technologies in areas such as fuel cells, hydrogen production, and distributed sensors for hydrogen-leak detection, laser instrumentation for hydrogen-leak detection, and cryogenic transport and storage. Presented are the results from research projects, education and outreach activities, system and trade studies. The work will aid in advancing the state-of-the-art for several critical technologies related to the implementation of a hydrogen infrastructure. Activities conducted are relevant to a number of propulsion and power systems for terrestrial, aeronautics and aerospace applications. Fuel cell research focused on proton exchange membranes (PEM), solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). Specific technologies included aircraft fuel cell reformers, new and improved electrodes, electrolytes, interconnect, and seals, modeling of fuel cells including CFD coupled with impedance spectroscopy. Research was conducted on new materials and designs for fuel cells, along with using embedded sensors with power management electronics to improve the power density delivered by fuel cells. Fuel cell applications considered were in-space operations, aviation, and ground-based fuel cells such as; powering auxiliary power units (APUs) in aircraft; high power density, long duration power supplies for interplanetary missions (space science probes and planetary rovers); regenerative capabilities for high altitude aircraft; and power supplies for reusable launch vehicles.

  6. Comparing the decision-relevance and utility of alternative ensembles of climate projections in water management and other applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lempert, R. J.; Tingstad, A.

    2015-12-01

    Decisions to manage the risks of climate change hinge, among many other things, on deeply uncertain and imperfect climate projections. Improving the decision relevance and utility of climate projections requires navigating a trade-off between increasing the physical realism of the model (often by improving the spatial resolution) and increasing the representation of decision-relevant uncertainties. This talk will examine the decision-relevance and utility of alternative ensembles of climate information by comparing two decision support applications, in water management and biodiversity perseveration, both in California. The climate ensembles will consist of different combinations of high and medium resolution projections from NARCCAP (North American Regional Climate Assessment Program) as well as low resolution, but more numerous, projections from the CMIP3 and CMIP5 ensembles. The decision support applications will use the same ensembles of climate projections in different contexts. Workshops with decision makers examine the extent to which the different ensembles lead to different decisions, the extent to which considering a wider range of uncertainty affects decisions, the extent to which decision makers' confidence in the projections and the decisions based on them will be sensitive to the resolution at which they are communicated and the resolution dependent skill, and how the answers to these questions varies with the water management and biodiversity contexts. This study aims to provide empirical evidence to support judgments on how best to use uncertainty climate information in water management and other decision support applications.

  7. Arctic Research Mapping Application (ARMAP): visualize project-level information for U.S. funded research in the Arctic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kassin, A.; Cody, R. P.; Barba, M.; Escarzaga, S. M.; Score, R.; Dover, M.; Gaylord, A. G.; Manley, W. F.; Habermann, T.; Tweedie, C. E.

    2015-12-01

    The Arctic Research Mapping Application (ARMAP; http://armap.org/) is a suite of online applications and data services that support Arctic science by providing project tracking information (who's doing what, when and where in the region) for United States Government funded projects. In collaboration with 17 research agencies, project locations are displayed in a visually enhanced web mapping application. Key information about each project is presented along with links to web pages that provide additional information. The mapping application includes new reference data layers and an updated ship tracks layer. Visual enhancements are achieved by redeveloping the front-end from FLEX to HTML5 and JavaScript, which now provide access to mobile users utilizing tablets and cell phone devices. New tools have been added that allow users to navigate, select, draw, measure, print, use a time slider, and more. Other module additions include a back-end Apache SOLR search platform that provides users with the capability to perform advance searches throughout the ARMAP database. Furthermore, a new query builder interface has been developed in order to provide more intuitive controls to generate complex queries. These improvements have been made to increase awareness of projects funded by numerous entities in the Arctic, enhance coordination for logistics support, help identify geographic gaps in research efforts and potentially foster more collaboration amongst researchers working in the region. Additionally, ARMAP can be used to demonstrate past, present, and future research efforts supported by the U.S. Government.

  8. Status and Perceptions of the Application of Building Information Modeling for Improved Building Projects Delivery in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.C Ugochukwu

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Building Information Modeling (BIM is a new and innovative approach to building design, construction, and management. It is a cutting-edge, state of the art technology that is not only transforming, but improving the building delivery/production process in developed countries of the world. Sadly, Nigeria is yet to adopt this revolutionary technology in her construction industry. This study thus, sought to evaluate the present status of application of BIM in building projects in Nigeria, with a view to betoning its importance in improving the present state of building delivery in the country. This was effected by means of a field survey of building professionals in which their perceptions were analyzed, based on a structured questionnaire administration; in order to elicit their level of awareness of BIM application, determine their extent of participation in BIM projects, identify and rank the most suitable procurement method that encourages BIM application, the barriers to the application of BIM and the benefits of BIM application to building delivery in Nigeria. Results/Findings revealed that knowledge of BIM application among professionals is very poor (33%, participation/use of BIM in projects is non-existent, the collaborative method of procurement best supports BIM application, lack of awareness remains the major barrier to BIM application, while simultaneous access to project database by stakeholders is the highest ranked benefit of BIM application. The study concludes that Nigeria still has a long way to go in understanding, embracing and applying BIM to improve the traditional and stagnant state of her building delivery process. Hence, all hands should be on deck; the government, professional bodies, construction organizations and the academia to ensure that BIM becomes a priority with respect to legislations, training, research and use in the Nigerian building industry

  9. Remote Sensing Applications in Water Resources and the Global Energy and Water Exchanges Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Oevelen, P. J.

    2015-12-01

    The Global Water and Energy Exchanges project (GEWEX) as part of the World Climate Research Programme has developed in 2013 a new set of science questions and imperatives with one set focusing in particular on the human component in the global water cycle and water resources management. In the past GEWEX primarily focused solely on the geophysical aspects of the water cycle and ignored to a great extent the human influences on it. The increased human interactions with the environment as well as the water cycle at both a local and global scale cannot be ignored any longer, in particular to analyse and interpret observations, improve models and process descriptions and to make more accurate predictions with less uncertainty. The model development has currently progressed to a stage where human interactions and processes can be better described and incorporated though much still remains to be done. One of the biggest challenges in incorporating human interactions into hydrological models and tools is to obtain the required observations, data and information. Water resource management decisions are based upon both geophysical conditions as well as socio-economic circumstances and in many cases also the individual decision makers state of being. To observe and model such processes requires expertise from a multitude of disciplines that are only now are beginning to collaborate more intensely. Another example of where obtaining the required information is tedious and often suspect is in transboundary water systems where this type of information can have direct geopolitical and socio-economical consequences. Earth observation in particular new or more advanced systems can help alleviate some of these issues. For GEWEX the challenge comes with an upside in that the models that incorporate the human component will also have more and better applicability. In this presentation several examples of application of new earth observing systems will be explored with an emphasis on

  10. Integrating a Project Management Approach to E-Business Application Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Kuan C.; Chuang, Keh-Wen

    2008-01-01

    Teaching students project managements requires a hands-on approach. Incorporating project management concepts and processes into a student team Web development project adds a dimension that exposes students to the realities of effective Web development. This paper will describe the project management approach used in a Web development course in…

  11. Application of combinatorial-logical approach for managing team of multi-project organization

    OpenAIRE

    Доценко, Наталья Владимировна

    2015-01-01

    The features of managing the project team of multi-project organization are considered. The literature analysis showed that the management of projects in the multi-project organization must take into account limitations related to the involvement of employees in several projects of the portfolio, the maximum allowable engagement metrics for each job position, the restrictions associated with the interests of stakeholders. It is proposed to use the criterion of the degree of involvement of hum...

  12. Final Report for Project "Framework Application for Core-Edge Transport Simulations (FACETS)"

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Estep, Donald [Colorado State University

    2014-01-17

    This is the final report for the Colorado State University Component of the FACETS Project. FACETS was focused on the development of a multiphysics, parallel framework application that could provide the capability to enable whole-device fusion reactor modeling and, in the process, the development of the modeling infrastructure and computational understanding needed for ITER. It was intended that FACETS be highly flexible, through the use of modern computational methods, including component technology and object oriented design, to facilitate switching from one model to another for a given aspect of the physics, and making it possible to use simplified models for rapid turnaround or high-fidelity models that will take advantage of the largest supercomputer hardware. FACETS was designed in a heterogeneous parallel context, where different parts of the application can take advantage through parallelism based on task farming, domain decomposition, and/or pipelining as needed and applicable. As with all fusion simulations, an integral part of the FACETS project was treatment of the coupling of different physical processes at different scales interacting closely. A primary example for the FACETS project is the coupling of existing core and edge simulations, with the transport and wall interactions described by reduced models. However, core and edge simulations themselves involve significant coupling of different processes with large scale differences. Numerical treatment of coupling is impacted by a number of factors including, scale differences, form of information transferred between processes, implementation of solvers for different codes, and high performance computing concerns. Operator decomposition involving the computation of the individual processes individually using appropriate simulation codes and then linking/synchronizing the component simulations at regular points in space and time, is the defacto approach to high performance simulation of multiphysics

  13. An Application of the PMI Model at the Project Level Evaluation of ESEA Title IV-C Projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBeath, Marcia

    All of the papers presented as part of a symposium concerned the application of the Planning, Monitoring, and Implementation Model (PMI) to the evaluation of the District of Columbia Public Schools' programs supported by the Elementary Secondary Education Act (ESEA) Title IV-C. PMI was developed to provide a model for systematic evaluation of…

  14. Advanced e-Infrastructures for Civil Protection applications: the CYCLOPS Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzetti, P.; Nativi, S.; Verlato, M.; Ayral, P. A.; Fiorucci, P.; Pina, A.; Oliveira, J.; Sorani, R.

    2009-04-01

    During the full cycle of the emergency management, Civil Protection operative procedures involve many actors belonging to several institutions (civil protection agencies, public administrations, research centers, etc.) playing different roles (decision-makers, data and service providers, emergency squads, etc.). In this context the sharing of information is a vital requirement to make correct and effective decisions. Therefore a European-wide technological infrastructure providing a distributed and coordinated access to different kinds of resources (data, information, services, expertise, etc.) could enhance existing Civil Protection applications and even enable new ones. Such European Civil Protection e-Infrastructure should be designed taking into account the specific requirements of Civil Protection applications and the state-of-the-art in the scientific and technological disciplines which could make the emergency management more effective. In the recent years Grid technologies have reached a mature state providing a platform for secure and coordinated resource sharing between the participants collected in the so-called Virtual Organizations. Moreover the Earth and Space Sciences Informatics provide the conceptual tools for modeling the geospatial information shared in Civil Protection applications during its entire lifecycle. Therefore a European Civil Protection e-infrastructure might be based on a Grid platform enhanced with Earth Sciences services. In the context of the 6th Framework Programme the EU co-funded Project CYCLOPS (CYber-infrastructure for CiviL protection Operative ProcedureS), ended in December 2008, has addressed the problem of defining the requirements and identifying the research strategies and innovation guidelines towards an advanced e-Infrastructure for Civil Protection. Starting from the requirement analysis CYCLOPS has proposed an architectural framework for a European Civil Protection e-Infrastructure. This architectural framework has

  15. Application of the TRANSURANUS-WWER Version Code in the FUMEX-III Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present progress report represents a part of the research work, of Research Contract RC-15164/R1, at the Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy (INRNE) in the frame of the CRP FUMEX-III supported by IAEA. According to the working program of the project INRNE had to analyse the fuel performance of Gd doped fuel rods (Experiment GAIN), PCMI cases (Riso3- GE7; OSIRIS-2, H09 ) as well as the transient experiment Riso3, rod II5, included into the CRP FUMEX-III. During the first 9 months of the year the team worked on GAIN tests (BelgoNucleaire GAIN Project), Riso3 and OSIRIS-2 projects by using the latest TRANSURANUS-WWER version v1m1j10 on the basis of the IFPE-OECD/ IAEA- NEA database. The fuel rods included in the tests have been operated under normal conditions at up to average burnup of about 40MWd/kgU (GAIN rods and Riso3-rods) and about local burnup of 50 MWd/kgU in OSIRIS-2 experiment. One rod Riso3-II5 rod was re- fabricated, instrumented with thermocouple and pressure transducer, refilled up to 0.64MPa and carried out under ramp conditions. The main aim of the study was: - to prove the applicability of the latest TRANSURANUS code version to Gd doped fuel performance under normal and transient conditions. The GAIN program covers the data on fuel stack elongation, cladding diameter change, fission gas release and pressure; - the use of TRANSURANUS code to model PCMI conditions and to studied FUMEX-III cases Riso3-GE7 and OSIRIS-H09. - to demonstrate the dependence between the burnup accumulated in the base irradiation prior to the ramp tests and the changes of the released fuel gas and the geometry -fuel and cladding; The main focus was on: - The fuel stack length changes and the axial distribution of the cladding diameter as well as the fission gas release in the case of Gd doped fuel. Two rods with 3% and 7% doped fuel have been simulated and analysed. - The pin geometry changes (length and diameter) in the PCMI conditions and outer clad oxide

  16. APPLICABILITY OF A STRATEGIC MAP UNDER THE PERSPECTIVE OF CRITICAL FACTORS FOR PROJECT MANAGEMENT MATURITY AT A LARGE FINANCIAL INSTITUTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sady Darcy da Silva Junior

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Project Management and Strategic Management are two subjects of major relevance within the corporate environment, despite usually being treated separately, at organizations. However, for Westphal et al. (2008 one of the ways to link project management and strategy is through project management maturity, and to this effect, a series of actions that can be characterized as critical factors (Rabechini Jr. & Pessoa, 2005 are required. Another way of seeking this connection is by means of the strategic map concept which, according to Kaplan and Norton (2004, p.10, “represents the lost link between strategy formulation and the execution of the strategy”. In this study the purpose is to evaluate the applicability of a strategic map, from a critical factors perspective, on project management maturity, as proposed by Silva Jr. and Luciano (2010. Thus a qualitative and exploratory approach case study was conducted at a large financial institution, where three interview scripts were applied on nine professionals, whereby three were leaders, three were project managers and three, functional managers. Furthermore, a graphical representation standard was designed picturing possible situations concerning the applicability of strategic objectives of the map proposed in the case under study. As a result, an important academic contribution to the vague and scarce literature on the relationship between project management and organizational strategy was verified, in addition to mapping possibilities of improvements for the organization, which otherwise might have been impossible to identify.

  17. The environmental control and life support system advanced automation project. Phase 1: Application evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewberry, Brandon S.

    1990-01-01

    The Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) is a Freedom Station distributed system with inherent applicability to advanced automation primarily due to the comparatively large reaction times of its subsystem processes. This allows longer contemplation times in which to form a more intelligent control strategy and to detect or prevent faults. The objective of the ECLSS Advanced Automation Project is to reduce the flight and ground manpower needed to support the initial and evolutionary ECLS system. The approach is to search out and make apparent those processes in the baseline system which are in need of more automatic control and fault detection strategies, to influence the ECLSS design by suggesting software hooks and hardware scars which will allow easy adaptation to advanced algorithms, and to develop complex software prototypes which fit into the ECLSS software architecture and will be shown in an ECLSS hardware testbed to increase the autonomy of the system. Covered here are the preliminary investigation and evaluation process, aimed at searching the ECLSS for candidate functions for automation and providing a software hooks and hardware scars analysis. This analysis shows changes needed in the baselined system for easy accommodation of knowledge-based or other complex implementations which, when integrated in flight or ground sustaining engineering architectures, will produce a more autonomous and fault tolerant Environmental Control and Life Support System.

  18. A review of CO2 sequestration projects and application in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Yong; Yang, Ruizhi; Bian, Xiaoqiang

    2014-01-01

    In 2008, the top CO2 emitters were China, United States, and European Union. The rapid growing economy and the heavy reliance on coal in China give rise to the continued growth of CO2 emission, deterioration of anthropogenic climate change, and urgent need of new technologies. Carbon Capture and sequestration is one of the effective ways to provide reduction of CO2 emission and mitigation of pollution. Coal-fired power plants are the focus of CO2 source supply due to their excessive emission and the energy structure in China. And over 80% of the large CO2 sources are located nearby storage reservoirs. In China, the CO2 storage potential capacity is of about 3.6 × 10(9) t for all onshore oilfields; 30.483 × 10(9) t for major gas fields between 900 m and 3500 m of depth; 143.505 × 10(9) t for saline aquifers; and 142.67 × 10(9) t for coal beds. On the other hand, planation, soil carbon sequestration, and CH4-CO2 reforming also contribute a lot to carbon sequestration. This paper illustrates some main situations about CO2 sequestration applications in China with the demonstration of several projects regarding different ways of storage. It is concluded that China possesses immense potential and promising future of CO2 sequestration. PMID:25302323

  19. A Review of CO2 Sequestration Projects and Application in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong Tang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In 2008, the top CO2 emitters were China, United States, and European Union. The rapid growing economy and the heavy reliance on coal in China give rise to the continued growth of CO2 emission, deterioration of anthropogenic climate change, and urgent need of new technologies. Carbon Capture and sequestration is one of the effective ways to provide reduction of CO2 emission and mitigation of pollution. Coal-fired power plants are the focus of CO2 source supply due to their excessive emission and the energy structure in China. And over 80% of the large CO2 sources are located nearby storage reservoirs. In China, the CO2 storage potential capacity is of about 3.6 × 109 t for all onshore oilfields; 30.483 × 109 t for major gas fields between 900 m and 3500 m of depth; 143.505 × 109 t for saline aquifers; and 142.67 × 109 t for coal beds. On the other hand, planation, soil carbon sequestration, and CH4–CO2 reforming also contribute a lot to carbon sequestration. This paper illustrates some main situations about CO2 sequestration applications in China with the demonstration of several projects regarding different ways of storage. It is concluded that China possesses immense potential and promising future of CO2 sequestration.

  20. Application of Project Management Information Systems in Efficiency Improvement of Quality Management System

    OpenAIRE

    Berzisa, Solvita

    2015-01-01

    Project management information systems (PMIS) and quality management system (QMS) are two components in the project oriented organization that helps to achieve required quality of the project product. QMS define quality framework and PMIS helps to ensure quality framework requirement related to the projects. The objective of paper is to evaluate and demonstrate PMIS options for efficiency QMS development and maintenance. QMS requirements are identified according to ISO 9001:2008 standard and ...

  1. Application of AHP and Fuzzy theory in the Scientific Research Projects Management

    OpenAIRE

    Lijun Zhang; Yanhua Cao; Lu Yang

    2013-01-01

    Today, the number of scientific research projects in universities is increasing. The content and system will be more and more complex. The technology in projects will be advanced. And the cost will increase too. The project management involves various factors. More and more uncertain factors will increase the project risk of demonstrating and studying. At present, we still lack the valid means in risk identification, evaluation, control and management in universities. Therefore, the risk mana...

  2. Final Report on DOE Project entitled Dynamic Optimized Advanced Scheduling of Bandwidth Demands for Large-Scale Science Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramamurthy, Byravamurthy [University of Nebraska-Lincoln

    2014-05-05

    In this project, developed scheduling frameworks for dynamic bandwidth demands for large-scale science applications. In particular, we developed scheduling algorithms for dynamic bandwidth demands in this project. Apart from theoretical approaches such as Integer Linear Programming, Tabu Search and Genetic Algorithm heuristics, we have utilized practical data from ESnet OSCARS project (from our DOE lab partners) to conduct realistic simulations of our approaches. We have disseminated our work through conference paper presentations and journal papers and a book chapter. In this project we addressed the problem of scheduling of lightpaths over optical wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) networks. We published several conference papers and journal papers on this topic. We also addressed the problems of joint allocation of computing, storage and networking resources in Grid/Cloud networks and proposed energy-efficient mechanisms for operatin optical WDM networks.

  3. ADB-aided Projects to Expand Clean Energy Application in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Baoguo

    2002-01-01

    @@ On October 14, China's Ministry of Science and Technology and Asian Development Bank jointly launched a project called "Opportunity for Clean Development Mechanism of Energy Departments"across the country, which is an ABD-aided project aiming at providing China's energy departments with the technical guide to the projects suitable for the Chinese conditions.

  4. Integrated Toolset for WSN Application Planning, Development, Commissioning and Maintenance: The WSN-DPCM ARTEMIS-JU Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonopoulos, Christos; Asimogloy, Katerina; Chiti, Sarah; D’Onofrio, Luca; Gianfranceschi, Simone; He, Danping; Iodice, Antonio; Koubias, Stavros; Koulamas, Christos; Lavagno, Luciano; Lazarescu, Mihai T.; Mujica, Gabriel; Papadopoulos, George; Portilla, Jorge; Redondo, Luis; Riccio, Daniele; Riesgo, Teresa; Rodriguez, Daniel; Ruello, Giuseppe; Samoladas, Vasilis; Stoyanova, Tsenka; Touliatos, Gerasimos; Valvo, Angela; Vlahoy, Georgia

    2016-01-01

    In this article we present the main results obtained in the ARTEMIS-JU WSN-DPCM project between October 2011 and September 2015. The first objective of the project was the development of an integrated toolset for Wireless sensor networks (WSN) application planning, development, commissioning and maintenance, which aims to support application domain experts, with limited WSN expertise, to efficiently develop WSN applications from planning to lifetime maintenance. The toolset is made of three main tools: one for planning, one for application development and simulation (which can include hardware nodes), and one for network commissioning and lifetime maintenance. The tools are integrated in a single platform which promotes software reuse by automatically selecting suitable library components for application synthesis and the abstraction of the underlying architecture through the use of a middleware layer. The second objective of the project was to test the effectiveness of the toolset for the development of two case studies in different domains, one for detecting the occupancy state of parking lots and one for monitoring air concentration of harmful gasses near an industrial site. PMID:27271622

  5. Integrated Toolset for WSN Application Planning, Development, Commissioning and Maintenance: The WSN-DPCM ARTEMIS-JU Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonopoulos, Christos; Asimogloy, Katerina; Chiti, Sarah; D'Onofrio, Luca; Gianfranceschi, Simone; He, Danping; Iodice, Antonio; Koubias, Stavros; Koulamas, Christos; Lavagno, Luciano; Lazarescu, Mihai T; Mujica, Gabriel; Papadopoulos, George; Portilla, Jorge; Redondo, Luis; Riccio, Daniele; Riesgo, Teresa; Rodriguez, Daniel; Ruello, Giuseppe; Samoladas, Vasilis; Stoyanova, Tsenka; Touliatos, Gerasimos; Valvo, Angela; Vlahoy, Georgia

    2016-01-01

    In this article we present the main results obtained in the ARTEMIS-JU WSN-DPCM project between October 2011 and September 2015. The first objective of the project was the development of an integrated toolset for Wireless sensor networks (WSN) application planning, development, commissioning and maintenance, which aims to support application domain experts, with limited WSN expertise, to efficiently develop WSN applications from planning to lifetime maintenance. The toolset is made of three main tools: one for planning, one for application development and simulation (which can include hardware nodes), and one for network commissioning and lifetime maintenance. The tools are integrated in a single platform which promotes software reuse by automatically selecting suitable library components for application synthesis and the abstraction of the underlying architecture through the use of a middleware layer. The second objective of the project was to test the effectiveness of the toolset for the development of two case studies in different domains, one for detecting the occupancy state of parking lots and one for monitoring air concentration of harmful gasses near an industrial site. PMID:27271622

  6. Lessons Learned from Applications of a Climate Change Decision Tree toWater System Projects in Kenya and Nepal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ray, P. A.; Bonzanigo, L.; Taner, M. U.; Wi, S.; Yang, Y. C. E.; Brown, C.

    2015-12-01

    The Decision Tree Framework developed for the World Bank's Water Partnership Program provides resource-limited project planners and program managers with a cost-effective and effort-efficient, scientifically defensible, repeatable, and clear method for demonstrating the robustness of a project to climate change. At the conclusion of this process, the project planner is empowered to confidently communicate the method by which the vulnerabilities of the project have been assessed, and how the adjustments that were made (if any were necessary) improved the project's feasibility and profitability. The framework adopts a "bottom-up" approach to risk assessment that aims at a thorough understanding of a project's vulnerabilities to climate change in the context of other nonclimate uncertainties (e.g., economic, environmental, demographic, political). It helps identify projects that perform well across a wide range of potential future climate conditions, as opposed to seeking solutions that are optimal in expected conditions but fragile to conditions deviating from the expected. Lessons learned through application of the Decision Tree to case studies in Kenya and Nepal will be presented, and aspects of the framework requiring further refinement will be described.

  7. The NASA/Baltimore Applications Project (BAP). Computer aided dispatch and communications system for the Baltimore Fire Department: A case study of urban technology application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, A. L.

    1981-01-01

    An engineer and a computer expert from Goddard Space Flight Center were assigned to provide technical assistance in the design and installation of a computer assisted system for dispatching and communicating with fire department personnel and equipment in Baltimore City. Primary contributions were in decision making and management processes. The project is analyzed from four perspectives: (1) fire service; (2) technology transfer; (3) public administration; and (5) innovation. The city benefitted substantially from the approach and competence of the NASA personnel. Given the proper conditions, there are distinct advantages in having a nearby Federal laboratory provide assistance to a city on a continuing basis, as is done in the Baltimore Applications Project.

  8. Application of the modified Tobin's q to an uncertain energy-saving project with the real options concept

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper is to develop a modified Tobin's q evaluation method which successfully combines the evaluation criteria of the traditional Tobin's q and the real options. This study provides flexible thinking for decision making criteria. That is, it clearly provides decision-makers with a reference in choosing enter or exit strategies, such as quantitative indicators references. The proposed model introduces two variables stochastic process in continuous time and explores the impact of the occurrence of unexpected events on the project value, so that, it can more authentically response to the project value. The studied issue deals with the firms that have not established energy-saving equipment yet. It attempts to figure out the optimal timing to adopt an energy-saving investment project when it is beneficial and the optimal timing to terminate it when the continuous operation of that business is unprofitable. The future discounted benefit-cost ratio, Q, follows the geometric Brownian motion with the Poisson jump process and the replacement of investment equipment. Except for the evaluation of energy-saving equipment investment project, the proposed model can be applied to other related project evaluation issues, such as energy-saving, CO2 emission reduction, or general investment projects. - Research highlights: → Develops an approach which combines the traditional Tobin's q and the real options. → Applies to general energy-saving project or other investment projects. → Can more authentically response to the project value with strategic entry and exit. → Provides flexible thinking for decision making criteria via modified Tobin's q model. → Reduces the model complexity and increases the flexibility in practice application.

  9. RF/Microwave properties and applications of directly assembled nanotubes and nanowires: LDRD project 102662 final report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mayer, Theresa (The Pennyslvania State University, University Park, PA 16802); Vallett, Aaron (The Pennyslvania State University, University Park, PA 16802); Lee, Mark; Shaner, Eric Arthur; Jones, Frank E.; Talin, Albert Alec; Highstrete, Clark

    2006-11-01

    LDRD Project 102662 provided support to pursue experiments aimed at measuring the basic electrodynamic response and possible applications of carbon nanotubes and silicon nanowires at radiofrequency to microwave frequencies, approximately 0.01 to 50 GHz. Under this project, a method was developed to integrate these nanomaterials onto high-frequency compatible co-planar waveguides. The complex reflection and transmission coefficients of the nanomaterials was studied as a function of frequency. From these data, the high-frequency loss characteristics of the nanomaterials were deduced. These data are useful to predict frequency dependence and power dissipation characteristics in new rf/microwave devices incorporating new nanomaterials.

  10. Orthogonal projection of points in CAD/CAM applications: an overview

    OpenAIRE

    Kwanghee Ko; Takis Sakkalis

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to review methods for computing orthogonal projection of points onto curves and surfaces, which are given in implicit or parametric form or as point clouds. Special emphasis is place on orthogonal projection onto conics along with reviews on orthogonal projection of points onto curves and surfaces in implicit and parametric form. Except for conics, computation methods are classified into two groups based on the core approaches: iterative and subdivision based. An extension of ...

  11. The application of post-project reviews in events management by cultural operators

    OpenAIRE

    Benadict Rajasegaram, Annet

    2016-01-01

    Organisations have evidently shifted towards the projectification of their activities and operations across the world and across industries by which project management is not only limited to construction and engineering projects anymore. The projectification has shed light on the amount of project success and failure in which both have been noted to have a steep difference between each other. Whilst many factors have been discovered to be a trigger of failure or success one emerging subject t...

  12. Multi-dimensional project management models for mega-construction companies and their applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China is undertaking an increasing number of mega-infrastructure projects along with its rapid economic expansion.For participants in these projects,understand how to adapt the proper and efficient management strategies is critical.In this paper,we propose three distinct models for companies under various background and management requirements,based on sophisticated data analysis and model development.Moreover,we successfully committed these models with hydropower development projects and achieved a great progress in enhancing management efficiency.

  13. Women’s Education, Family Planning, or Both? Application of Multistate Demographic Projections in India

    OpenAIRE

    Leiwen Jiang; Karen Hardee

    2014-01-01

    Is education the best contraceptive? Using the multistate human capital projection model, our analysis shows that the projected changes in India population vary depending on investments in education and helping women reduce unwanted fertility rates, that investments in both education and helping women in each education category—but particularly less educated women—meet their wanted fertility will have the largest impacts on India’s population projections, and that the impact from investment i...

  14. SUPERAPPROXIMATION PROPERTIES OF THE INTERPOLATION OPERATOR OF PROJECTION TYPE AND APPLICATIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tie Zhang; Yan-ping Lin; R.J. Tait

    2002-01-01

    Some superapproximation and ultra-approximation properties in function, gradient and two-order derivative approximations are shown for the interpolation operator of projection type on two-dimensional domain. Then, we consider the Ritz projection and Ritz-Volterra projection on finite element spaces, and by means of the superapproximation elementary estimates and Green function methods, derive the superconvergence and ultraconvergence error estimates for both projections, which are also the finite element approximation solutions of the elliptic problems and the Sobolev equations, respectively.

  15. Application of a Fused Carbon Nanomaterial Filter for Lunar Dust Abatement Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Seldon Technologies will further test and develop its patented carbon nanotube filtration technology to NASA's Lunar Exploration challenges. This project focuses on...

  16. Prototype Application of Portable Augmented Reality Technology for Enhancement of Space and Planetary Exploration Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — For this project, several different augmentation techniques for locating ground articles from distance through an augmented live view were investigated....

  17. Highly Reflecting, Broadband Deformable Membrane Mirror for Wavefront Control Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This Phase I STTR project will develop a highly reflecting, broadband, radiation resistant, low-stress and lightweight, membrane integrated into an...

  18. The application of Knowledge Management practices in the procurement and construction of cleanroom projects

    OpenAIRE

    Gahan, Declan

    2007-01-01

    This thesis stemmed from the researcher’s experience in managing cleanroom projects with one of Ireland’s largest construction companies. The lack of knowledge sharing practices in this division was a concern. It was expected that the findings and recommendations would be used by the company to improve their skills in delivering cleanroom projects and to assist in implementing better procedures.

  19. Solid-state lasers emitting at red, green and orange wavelengths for projection applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weichmann, U.; Mackens, U.; Moench, H.

    2011-01-01

    Lasers will bring a further step in terms of compactness and efficiency for projection systems. However, the availability of suitable green laser sources limits the advent of laser projection. Blue diode pumped solid-state lasers are presented here as one promising way to realize green, red and ora

  20. The latest application of Hitachi's state-of-the-art construction technology and further evolution towards new build NPP projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shika Nuclear Power Station Unit No.2 began commercial operation in March 2006 as one of the latest new-build projects in the world. Hitachi-GE Nuclear Energy Ltd. (Hitachi) was the main contractor and supplied the entire plant including engineering, manufacturing of all major reactor and turbine-generator components, and executed the installation and commissioning. Hitachi completed the project on schedule and on budget owing in large part to its highly reliable advanced construction technology. This article describes Hitachi's unsurpassed advanced construction technology being applied to the current new-build projects in Japan. Furthermore, this article addresses a possible form of applications to new build nuclear power plants in North America. (author)

  1. Generalized projective synchronization via the state observer and its application in secure communication

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on the improved state observer and the pole placement technique, by adding a constant which extends the scope of use of the original system, a new design method of generalized projective synchronization is proposed. With this method, by changing the projective synchronization scale factor, one can achieve not only complete synchronization, but also anti-synchronization, as well as arbitrary percentage of projective synchronization, so that the system may attain arbitrary synchronization in a relatively short period of time, which makes this study more meaningful. By numerical simulation, and choosing appropriate scale factor, the results of repeated experiments verify that this method is highly effective and satisfactory. Finally, based on this method and the relevant feedback concept, a novel secure communication project is designed. Numerical simulation verifies that this secure communication project is very valid, and moreover, the experimental result has been greatly improved in decryption time. (general)

  2. Case Studies in Application of System Engineering Practices to Capstone Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Gloria; vanSusante, Paul; Carmen, Christina; Morris, Tommy; Schmidt, Peter; Zalewski, Janusz

    2011-01-01

    The Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD) of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) sponsors a faculty fellowship program that engages researchers with interests aligned with current ESMD development programs. The faculty-members are committed to run a capstone senior design project based- on the materials and experience gained during the fellowship. For the 2010 - 2011 academic year, 5 projects were approved. These projects are in the areas of mechanical and electrical hardware design and optimization, fault prediction and extra planetary civil site preparation. This work summarizes the projects, describes the student teams performing the work, and comments on the integration of Systems Engineering principles into the projects, as well as the affected course curriculums.

  3. Project management competence analysis in rural communities through territorial representation: application to Aymara women communities in Puno (Peru)

    OpenAIRE

    Sastre Merino, Susana; Ríos Carmenado, Ignacio de los

    2012-01-01

    The acquisition of technical, contextual and behavioral competences is a prerequisite for sustainable development and strengthening of rural communities. Territorial display of the status of these skills helps to design the necessary learning, so its inclusion in planning processes is useful for decision making. The article discusses the application of visual representation of competences in a rural development project with Aymara women communities in Peru. The results show an improvement of ...

  4. AN ANALYSIS OF FACTORS AFFECTING UNDERSTANDING AND APPLICATIONS OF BRANDED HOUSING PROJECT MARKETING AROUND THE ISTANBUL METROPOLITAN AREA

    OpenAIRE

    Polat, Selcuk; FERMAN, Murat

    2015-01-01

    Marketing is a quite crucial topic for success in the current competitive environment. Efficient and effective marketing practices will allow the companies to grow and to be more successful. Companies can gain competitive advantage by developing various marketing strategies. The objective of this study is to research the factors affecting the understanding and applications of ‘branded housing project marketing’ around the Istanbul metropolitan area. Branding and market positioning depend on f...

  5. Development of the neural network algorithm projecting system Neural Architecture and its application in combining medical expert systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timofeew, Sergey; Eliseev, Vladimir; Tcherkassov, Oleg; Birukow, Valentin; Orbachevskyi, Leonid; Shamsutdinov, Uriy

    1998-04-01

    Some problems of creation of medical expert systems and the ways of their overcoming using artificial neural networks are discussed. The instrumental system for projecting neural network algorithms `Neural Architector', developed by the authors, is described. It allows to perform effective modeling of artificial neural networks and to analyze their work. The example of the application of the `Neural Architector' system in composing an expert system for diagnostics of pulmonological diseases is shown.

  6. The Application of the Hermeneutic Process to Qualitative Safety Data: A Case Study using Data from the CIRAS project

    OpenAIRE

    Wallace, Dr Brendan; Ross, Dr Alastair; Davies, Professor John

    2003-01-01

    This article describes the new qualitative methodology developed for use in CIRAS (Confidential Incident Reporting and Analysis System), the confidential database set up for the UK railways by the University of Strathclyde. CIRAS is a project in which qualitative safety data are disidentified and then stored and analysed in a central database. Due to the confidential nature of the data provided, conventional (positivist) methods of checking their accuracy are not applicable; therefore a new m...

  7. Gasification for power, CHP and polygeneration Biomass Gasification for Combined Heat Power (CHP) Applications: the GAMECO Project

    OpenAIRE

    Authier, O; Khalfi, Az-Eddine; Sanchez, L.; Aleman, Y; Delebarre, A; Mauviel, G; Dufour, A; Rogaume, Y; Poirier, J.; Kerhoas, J

    2014-01-01

    International audience Air-blown fluidised bed biomass gasification is a well adapted technology for Combined Heat Power (CHP) applications with syngas valorisation in a gas engine. However, it is not mature yet. Despite promising prototypes, CHP gasification needs further improvements to become the reference technology in the medium-size CHP market. This is the purpose of the GAMECO project, which aims at improving an existing technology by optimising its operation, increasing its feedsto...

  8. Irradiated sewage sludge for application to cropland. Results of a co-ordinated research project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Modern urban societies produce large volumes of sewage, which are transported through a network of underground sewers to wastewater treatment plants, where one or more stages of physical, biological and chemical treatment are imposed. Considerable tonnages of aerobically, and sometimes anaerobically, digested sludge are produced, and treated or untreated effluent is discharged to lagoons, waterways or the ocean. The disposal of sewage sludge is a major issue for municipal authorities. There are increasing legislative restrictions in many countries on disposal methods (e.g. incineration, landfill, composting) including surface application to agricultural land. Sludge can either be viewed as a dangerous waste requiring expensive disposal procedures, or it can be seen as a resource for possible use in agriculture as a soil conditioning agent and a source of plant nutrients. Untreated sewage sludge presents a public-health hazard as it contains human pathogens, including bacteria, viruses and other harmful organisms. Although it has been demonstrated that an appropriate dose of gamma-irradiation can eliminate human parasites and bacterial pathogens from sewage sludge, there is still public concern about the presence of viruses, as well as heavy metals and toxic organic compounds from industrial sources that could enter the food chain if sludge is applied to croplands. More information is also needed on the value of sludge as a source of plant nutrients, expressed in terms of fertilizer equivalence. In this regard, isotopic labelling techniques have a unique role to play in estimating the contribution of sewage sludge to crop nutrition. As a result of recommendations formulated at a Consultants Meeting organized by the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture and the IAEA Division of Physical and Chemical Sciences, 5-9 December 1994 (IAEA-TECDOC-971, Sewage Sludge and Wastewater for Use in Agriculture) the Joint Division implemented a Co

  9. 77 FR 16219 - Cortez Pumped Storage Project; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-20

    ... 30, 2011, INCA Engineers, Inc., Washington, filed an application for a preliminary permit, pursuant... between 600 and 1,500 gigawatthours. Applicant Contact: Mr. Donald Thompson, INCA Engineers, Inc.,...

  10. 76 FR 80926 - Cortez Pumped Storage Project; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-27

    ... December 1, 2011, INCA Engineers, Inc., Washington, filed an application for a preliminary permit, pursuant... between 600 and 1,500 gigawatt hours. Applicant Contact: Mr. Donald Thompson, INCA Engineers, Inc.,...

  11. Application of lessons learned from Qinshan Phase III to a future project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Qinshan III Project achieved, through the use of advanced construction and project management tools and techniques and harmonious and cooperative relationships between project participants, first ranking international levels of nuclear project performance and quality, which include the shortest nuclear construction schedule in China and the shortest nuclear construction schedule for the first plant of a specific design in any country. The Qinshan III plant also incorporated the most advanced features of any CANDU plant, and, where objective measurements have been made, the highest quality achieved to date. Even though the Qinshan III Project achieved world-class performance, there is potential for further improvements to the plant design and project implementation, which could improve the cost, schedule, quality and national self-reliance. This paper describes and quantifies such potential improvements to assess their significance. For example, it is estimated that rearranging the schedule to take full advantage of the short component installation times and procurement times actually achieved on Qinshan III could shorten the construction schedule by as much as six months. Restructuring the project organization and scope splits to place more responsibility on Chinese organizations and reduce the scope performed by the foreign partners would result in improved costs and increased Chinese content. By adopting these measures, AECL estimates that: - The schedule could be reduced by six months, - The cost could be reduced by approximately 25%, and - Chinese content could be increased to over 50%. (author)

  12. D Applications in Disaster Mitigation and Management: Core Results of Ditac Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaptan, K.; Kavlak, U.; Yilmaz, O.; Celik, O. T.; Manesh, A. K.; Fischer, P.; Lupescu, O.; Ingrassia, P. L.; Ammann, W. J.; Ashkenazi, M.; Arculeo, C.; Komadina, R.; Lechner, K.; Arnim, G. v.; Hreckovski, B.

    2013-08-01

    According to statistical data, natural disasters as well as the number of people affected by them are occurring with increasing frequency compared to the past. This situation is also seen in Europe Union; So, Strengthening the EU capacity to respond to Disasters is very important. This paper represents the baseline results of the FP-7 founded DITAC project, which aims to develop a holistic and highly structured curriculum for responders and strategic crisis managers. Up-to-date geospatial information is required in order to create an effective disaster response plan. Common sources for geospatial information such as Google Earth, GIS databases, and aerial surveys are frequently outdated, or insufficient. This limits the effectiveness of disaster planning. Disaster Management has become an issue of growing importance. Planning for and managing large scale emergencies is complex. The number of both victims and relief workers is large and the time pressure is extreme. Emergency response and triage systems with 2D user interfaces are currently under development and evaluation. Disasters present a number of spatially related problems and an overwhelming quantity of information. 3D user interfaces are well suited for intuitively solving basic emergency response tasks. Such tasks include commanding rescue agents and prioritizing the disaster victims according to the severity of their medical condition. Further, 3D UIs hold significant potential for improving the coordination of rescuers as well as their awareness of relief workers from other organizations. This paper describes the outline of a module in a Disaster Management Course related to 3D Applications in Disaster Mitigation and Management. By doing this, the paper describes the gaps in existing systems and solutions. Satellite imageries and digital elevation data of Turkey are investigated for detecting sites prone to natural hazards. Digital image processing methods used to enhance satellite data and to produce

  13. LAPI project

    OpenAIRE

    Soler Vich, Josep Francesc

    2009-01-01

    This project carries out a part of a new location application. This service consists of location-based application that connects with a location server. That server provides the necessary location information to run the service. Then an interface between the location-based application and the location server is needed. That interface could be a Location Application Programming Interface (LAPI), and the development of one LAPI is the goal of this project.

  14. Experimental Evaluation of Geopolymer and ?Lunamer? Binders as Radioactive Shielding Materials for Space Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The purpose of this project is to develop lunar regolith based geopolymer concrete and perform differential shielding studies on various geopolymer formulations to...

  15. Application of Diffusion of Innovations Theory to the TIPs Evaluation Project Results and Beyond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubbard, Susan M.; Huang, Judy Y.; Mulvey, Kevin P.

    2003-01-01

    Summarizes the results from four major studies under the Treatment Improvement Protocols (TIPs) evaluation project and uses the diffusion of innovations theory as a theoretical framework to understand substance abuse treatment providers awareness, attitudes, and practices regarding TIPs. (SLD)

  16. Application of system dynamics for assessment of sustainable performance of construction projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN L.Y.; WU Y.Z.; CHAN E.H.W.; HAO J.L.

    2005-01-01

    Sustainable performance is expected to become a major factor when examining the feasibility of a construction project in terms of its life cycle performance. The study on which this paper is based developed a simulation model, using system dynamics methodology, to assess the sustainable performance of projects. Three major factors are used to examine project sustainable performance (PSP): the sustainability of economic development (E), the sustainability of social development (S), and the sustainability of environmental development (En). Sustainable development ability (SDA) was used as a prototype to evaluate the case. This paper explains and demonstrates the procedures used to develop the model and finally offers an approach for assessing the feasibility of a construction project in terms of its sustainable performance.

  17. Silicon-Carbide (SIC) Multichip Power Modules (MCPMS) For Power Building Block Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project seeks to prove the feasibility of developing high power density modular power electronic building blocks...

  18. Lightweight Low Force Rotary Percussive Coring Tool for Planetary Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Alliance Spacesystems, LLC produced a rotary percussive drill designed for space use under a NASA-funded Mars Instrument Development Program (MIDP) project ? the...

  19. Synthetic Receptor-Based Biosensor for Safety and Security Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This project will develop a sensitive and specific biosensor worthy of field deployment for autonomous operations. The underlying technology will enable in situ...

  20. Application Of Achievability Control Theory To Hybrid Multi-Agent Systems Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The objective of the proposed project is the development of technology for more efficient and effective human-computer supervision of complex systems. Systems that...

  1. Integrated Evaluation and Its Application on Decision-Making of Comprehensive Transportation Projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Xue-mei; ZHANG Tao

    2005-01-01

    The comprehensive transportation project involves with many different transportation methods, such as railway, highway, waterway, airline, and pipeline, which have their special characteristics. To evaluate the transportation project with different transportation methods under the same system, the integrated evaluation method should be built up on the basis of a common index system. This paper suggests a feasible integrated evaluation method including index system establishing, indices transacting, the index weight distributing, and weighted value integrating.

  2. In situ applications of X ray fluorescence techniques. Final report of a coordinated research project 2000-2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 2000 the IAEA initiated a Coordinated Research Project (CRP) on In Situ Applications of XRF Techniques as one of the elements of the project on Nuclear Instruments for Specific Applications, the major objective of which is to assist Member States in the development of nuclear instruments and software for special applications such as the characterization of materials. An overall objective of the CRP was to assist laboratories in Member States in such areas as environmental pollution monitoring, mineral exploration, the preservation of cultural heritage, the control of industrial processes and the optimization of analytical methodologies for these applications using field-portable X ray fluorescence (FPXRF). Although a significant amount of work has been undertaken in the development of FPXRF techniques, there is little consensus on the best approach for any particular application. The most important aspect before FPXRF techniques can be applied successfully is, therefore, the development of a clear FPXRF methodology. Because of the wide range of problems to which FPXRF can be applied, these procedures must be comprehensive and cover many applications involving the analysis of samples such as rocks, soils, air particulates or liquid samples. The specific research objectives of the CRP included the development and optimization of sampling methodologies for in situ XRF measurements, the improvement in the analytical performance of FPXRF based on the study of mineralogical effects, surface irregularity effects, heterogeneity and the influence of moisture content, the development and validation of quantitative and/or semi-quantitative procedures to be applied for in situ XRF analysis and development of complete operating procedures for selected in situ applications, including relevant quality assurance. The CRP covered a period of four years (2000?2003). Twelve laboratories from both developed and developing Member States and the IAEA?s Laboratories participated

  3. The SIMRAND methodology: Theory and application for the simulation of research and development projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miles, R. F., Jr.

    1986-01-01

    A research and development (R&D) project often involves a number of decisions that must be made concerning which subset of systems or tasks are to be undertaken to achieve the goal of the R&D project. To help in this decision making, SIMRAND (SIMulation of Research ANd Development Projects) is a methodology for the selection of the optimal subset of systems or tasks to be undertaken on an R&D project. Using alternative networks, the SIMRAND methodology models the alternative subsets of systems or tasks under consideration. Each path through an alternative network represents one way of satisfying the project goals. Equations are developed that relate the system or task variables to the measure of reference. Uncertainty is incorporated by treating the variables of the equations probabilistically as random variables, with cumulative distribution functions assessed by technical experts. Analytical techniques of probability theory are used to reduce the complexity of the alternative networks. Cardinal utility functions over the measure of preference are assessed for the decision makers. A run of the SIMRAND Computer I Program combines, in a Monte Carlo simulation model, the network structure, the equations, the cumulative distribution functions, and the utility functions.

  4. Application of biosphere models in the Biomosa project: a comparative assessment of five European radioactive waste disposal sites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The BIOMOSA (Biosphere Models for Safety Assessment of Radioactive Waste Disposal) project is a part of the EC fifth framework research programme. The main goal of this project is the improvement of the scientific basis for the application of biosphere models in the framework of long-term safety studies of radioactive waste disposal facilities. Furthermore, the outcome of the project will provide operators and regulatory bodies with guidelines for performance assessments of repository systems. The study focuses on the development and application of site-specific models and a generic biosphere tool BIOGEM (Biosphere Generic Model), using the experience from the national programmes and the IAEA BIOMASS reference biosphere methodology. The models were applied to 5 typical locations in the EU, resulting in estimates of the annual individual doses to the critical groups and the ranking of the importance of the pathways for each of the sites. The results of the site-specific and generic models were then compared. In all cases the doses calculated by the generic model were less than the doses obtained from the site-specific models. Uncertainty in the results was estimated by means of stochastic calculations which allow a comparison of the overall model uncertainty with the variability across the different sites considered. (author)

  5. Adaptive-projection intrinsically transformed multivariate empirical mode decomposition in cooperative brain-computer interface applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemakom, Apit; Goverdovsky, Valentin; Looney, David; Mandic, Danilo P

    2016-04-13

    An extension to multivariate empirical mode decomposition (MEMD), termed adaptive-projection intrinsically transformed MEMD (APIT-MEMD), is proposed to cater for power imbalances and inter-channel correlations in real-world multichannel data. It is shown that the APIT-MEMD exhibits similar or better performance than MEMD for a large number of projection vectors, whereas it outperforms MEMD for the critical case of a small number of projection vectors within the sifting algorithm. We also employ the noise-assisted APIT-MEMD within our proposed intrinsic multiscale analysis framework and illustrate the advantages of such an approach in notoriously noise-dominated cooperative brain-computer interface (BCI) based on the steady-state visual evoked potentials and the P300 responses. Finally, we show that for a joint cognitive BCI task, the proposed intrinsic multiscale analysis framework improves system performance in terms of the information transfer rate. PMID:26953174

  6. Small Projects Rapid Integration and Test Environment (SPRITE): Application for Increasing Robustness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rakoczy, John; Heater, Daniel; Lee, Ashley

    2013-01-01

    Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC) Small Projects Rapid Integration and Test Environment (SPRITE) is a Hardware-In-The-Loop (HWIL) facility that provides rapid development, integration, and testing capabilities for small projects (CubeSats, payloads, spacecraft, and launch vehicles). This facility environment focuses on efficient processes and modular design to support rapid prototyping, integration, testing and verification of small projects at an affordable cost, especially compared to larger type HWIL facilities. SPRITE (Figure 1) consists of a "core" capability or "plant" simulation platform utilizing a graphical programming environment capable of being rapidly re-configured for any potential test article's space environments, as well as a standard set of interfaces (i.e. Mil-Std 1553, Serial, Analog, Digital, etc.). SPRITE also allows this level of interface testing of components and subsystems very early in a program, thereby reducing program risk.

  7. A model to calculate consistent atmospheric emission projections and its application to Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lumbreras, Julio; Borge, Rafael; de Andrés, Juan Manuel; Rodríguez, Encarnación

    Global warming and air quality are headline environmental issues of our time and policy must preempt negative international effects with forward-looking strategies. As part of the revision of the European National Emission Ceilings Directive, atmospheric emission projections for European Union countries are being calculated. These projections are useful to drive European air quality analyses and to support wide-scale decision-making. However, when evaluating specific policies and measures at sectoral level, a more detailed approach is needed. This paper presents an original methodology to evaluate emission projections. Emission projections are calculated for each emitting activity that has emissions under three scenarios: without measures (business as usual), with measures (baseline) and with additional measures (target). The methodology developed allows the estimation of highly disaggregated multi-pollutant, consistent emissions for a whole country or region. In order to assure consistency with past emissions included in atmospheric emission inventories and coherence among the individual activities, the consistent emission projection (CEP) model incorporates harmonization and integration criteria as well as quality assurance/quality check (QA/QC) procedures. This study includes a sensitivity analysis as a first approach to uncertainty evaluation. The aim of the model presented in this contribution is to support decision-making process through the assessment of future emission scenarios taking into account the effect of different detailed technical and non-technical measures and it may also constitute the basis for air quality modelling. The system is designed to produce the information and formats related to international reporting requirements and it allows performing a comparison of national results with lower resolution models such as RAINS/GAINS. The methodology has been successfully applied and tested to evaluate Spanish emission projections up to 2020 for 26

  8. The El Berrocal project and its application to the development of performance assessments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The El Berrocal Project was an international, multidisciplinary investigation of a uranium deposit hosted by a quartz vein in granitic rocks in Spain, that had the broad aim of understanding and modelling the migration processes which controlled the distribution of naturally occurring radionuclides in this environment. The objectives of the Project were to develop site characterisation methodologies as well as to understand better those processes which have relevance to performance assessments for radioactive waste disposal, notably radionuclide release; radionuclide solubility and speciation; groundwater flow and radionuclide transport; and radionuclide retardation. This paper outlines the knowledge gained and the resulting implications for performance assessment for each of these aspects. (author)

  9. Spin-flip configuration interaction singles with exact spin-projection: Theory and applications to strongly correlated systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuchimochi, Takashi

    2015-10-14

    Spin-flip approaches capture static correlation with the same computational scaling as the ordinary single reference methods. Here, we extend spin-flip configuration interaction singles (SFCIS) by projecting out intrinsic spin-contamination to make it spin-complete, rather than by explicitly complementing it with spin-coupled configurations. We give a general formalism of spin-projection for SFCIS, applicable to any spin states. The proposed method is viewed as a natural unification of SFCIS and spin-projected CIS to achieve a better qualitative accuracy at a low computational cost. While our wave function ansatz is more compact than previously proposed spin-complete SF approaches, it successfully offers more general static correlation beyond biradicals without sacrificing good quantum numbers. It is also shown that our method is invariant with respect to open-shell orbital rotations, due to the uniqueness of spin-projection. We will report benchmark calculations to demonstrate its qualitative performance on strongly correlated systems, including conical intersections that appear both in ground-excited and excited-excited degeneracies. PMID:26472370

  10. Spin-flip configuration interaction singles with exact spin-projection: Theory and applications to strongly correlated systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsuchimochi, Takashi, E-mail: tsuchimochi@gmail.com [Department of Computational Science, Graduate School of System Informatics, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan)

    2015-10-14

    Spin-flip approaches capture static correlation with the same computational scaling as the ordinary single reference methods. Here, we extend spin-flip configuration interaction singles (SFCIS) by projecting out intrinsic spin-contamination to make it spin-complete, rather than by explicitly complementing it with spin-coupled configurations. We give a general formalism of spin-projection for SFCIS, applicable to any spin states. The proposed method is viewed as a natural unification of SFCIS and spin-projected CIS to achieve a better qualitative accuracy at a low computational cost. While our wave function ansatz is more compact than previously proposed spin-complete SF approaches, it successfully offers more general static correlation beyond biradicals without sacrificing good quantum numbers. It is also shown that our method is invariant with respect to open-shell orbital rotations, due to the uniqueness of spin-projection. We will report benchmark calculations to demonstrate its qualitative performance on strongly correlated systems, including conical intersections that appear both in ground-excited and excited-excited degeneracies.

  11. Spin-flip configuration interaction singles with exact spin-projection: Theory and applications to strongly correlated systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spin-flip approaches capture static correlation with the same computational scaling as the ordinary single reference methods. Here, we extend spin-flip configuration interaction singles (SFCIS) by projecting out intrinsic spin-contamination to make it spin-complete, rather than by explicitly complementing it with spin-coupled configurations. We give a general formalism of spin-projection for SFCIS, applicable to any spin states. The proposed method is viewed as a natural unification of SFCIS and spin-projected CIS to achieve a better qualitative accuracy at a low computational cost. While our wave function ansatz is more compact than previously proposed spin-complete SF approaches, it successfully offers more general static correlation beyond biradicals without sacrificing good quantum numbers. It is also shown that our method is invariant with respect to open-shell orbital rotations, due to the uniqueness of spin-projection. We will report benchmark calculations to demonstrate its qualitative performance on strongly correlated systems, including conical intersections that appear both in ground-excited and excited-excited degeneracies

  12. Implementation of manufacturing data management application in the scientific research project. Case: CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research

    CERN Document Server

    Saifoulina, Margarita

    2010-01-01

    This Bachelor’s thesis examined the implementation process of an MTF (Manufacturing and Test Folder) application in the CLIC (Compact Linear Collider) Radio Frequency Structure Development project for manufacturing data management purposes. The primary goal of the study was to investigate how MTF implementation and its integration with CERN EDMS (Engineering and Equipment Data Management System) system could facilitate product life cycle through the supply chain, and could affect on manufacturing operations performance in internaland external levels. The aim of the study was also to find out implementation differences within CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) projects. The study is divided into two parts: a qualitative theory section and an empirical section. In the theory section differences of features between PDM (Product Data Management), EDM (Engineering Data Management) and PLM (Product Life Cycle Management) systems were studied. The thesis examined the benefits and managerial challeng...

  13. Application of Department of Defense Software Management Techniques to Medical Software Development Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Stanford, Jean Hanmer; Siegel, Jean Lafaye

    1981-01-01

    The Department of Defense (DoD) is probably the biggest buyer and developer of computer software in the world. Over the years the DoD has developed, implemented, and tested various software management techniques. In this paper the authors describe the major formalized techniques and indicate how they could be applied to software development projects in medical environments.

  14. Quality management system for application of the analytical quality assurance cycle in a research project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camargo, R. S.; Olivares, I. R. B.

    2016-07-01

    The lack of quality assurance and quality control in academic activities have been recognized by the inability to demonstrate reproducibility. This paper aim to apply a quality tool called Analytical Quality Assurance Cycle on a specific research project, supported by a Verification Programme of equipment and an adapted Quality Management System based on international standards, to provide traceability to the data generated.

  15. Borehole camera technology and its application in the Three Gorges Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, C.Y.; Sheng, Q.; Ge, X.R. [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Inst. of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Wuhan (China); Law, K.T. [Carleton Univ., Ottawa, ON (Canada)

    2002-07-01

    The China's Three Gorges Project is the world's largest hydropower project, consisting of a 1,983-meter long and 185-meter high dam and 26 power generating units. Borehole examination has been conducted at the site to ensure stability of the slope of the ship lock used for navigation. This paper describes 2 systems for borehole inspection and viewing. Both methods of camera borehole technology provide a unique way for geologic engineers to observe the condition inside a borehole. The Axial-View Borehole Television (AVBTV) provides real-time frontal view of the borehole ahead of the probe, making it possible to detect where holes are blocked and to see cracks and other distinctive features in the strata. The Digital Panoramic Borehole Camera System (DPBCS) can collect, measure, save, analyze, manage and displace geological information about a borehole. It can also be used to determine the orientation of discontinuity, generate unrolled image and virtual core graph and conduct statistical analysis. Both camera systems have been demonstrated successfully at the Three Gorges Project for qualitative description of the borehole as well as for quantitative analysis of cracks existing in the rock. It has been determined that most of the cracks dip in the same general direction as the northern slope of the permanent ship lock of the Three Gorges Project. 12 refs., 1 tab., 9 figs.

  16. Application of demography to energy facility development projects. Working Paper No. 39

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The emergence of concern regarding socioeconomic consequences of large-scale development projects has resulted in a growing literature directed as estimating the types and levels of various impact dimensions which can be expected to result in human communities experiencing such development. Among these dimensions, a focus on population change has been prevalent. Accurate demographic predictions may be viewed as critical for the adequate comprehension of and preparation for impacts deriving from projects such as energy facility developments. Unfortunately, the state of the art in projecting demographic consequences of energy projects has been generally inadequate. Several of the more influential prior methods for estimating local demographic effects of developing energy facilities are critiqued, although their specific prediction figures are not summarized. The studies reviewed were found to be of dubious practical utility, probably due in part to the failure of basic demography to provide a base of support for applied demographic research. This report sets forth recommendations for the development of a theoretical perspective which would more adequately serve the needs of practitioners attempting to predict local demographic effects of energy facility development

  17. Studies of some phenomena in control engineering projects - With application to precipitation processes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stoele-Hansen, Kjell

    1998-12-31

    This thesis deals with the life-cycle of a control engineering project and some phenomena encountered in such projects. Different types of control strategies are discussed and an attempt is made to classify them into categories. Some case projects are presented and forms the basis for discussing the individual`s role in a change project. Further conditions for successful implementation of new control strategies are discussed in general, but also conditions for successful implementation of new control strategies at a process section of a nickel work. Procedures for implementing new control strategies are treated and some remarks are made about operation of control strategies. An introduction is given to the modelling of precipitation in pH systems and different model formulations are discused. The modelling of pH controlled precipitations is discussed in general. A variety of dynamic models, ranging from complex to simple, are proposed and discussed. A rigorous dynamic nonlinear mechanistic model of a precipitation reactor is developed. It is based on the theory of reaction invariants and variants. The model is verified against real process data. The dynamics and characteristics of the precipitation reactor are analysed and some remarks are made with respect to controllability. A new strategy for pH control is proposed. A new model based strategy for controlling the precipitation reactions is also proposed. 93 refs., 63 figs., 10 tabs.

  18. 76 FR 19121 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB Multifamily Project Applications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-06

    ... collection techniques or other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic submission of... mortgage insurance. Project owners/sponsors may apply for permission to commence construction prior to... Executive Office Building, Washington, DC 20503; e-mail OIRA-Submission@omb.eop.gov fax: 202-395- 5806....

  19. The Application of Persuasive Technology to educational settings: Some theoretical from the HANDS Project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mintz, Joseph; Aagaard, Morten

    2010-01-01

    In the HANDS project Persuasive Technology is applied in an educational context in special schools for children with autism, in which social skills development is the aim of the persuasion. We consider how in such educational settings the interventions can be theorized in the context of existing ...

  20. Project ARCHIMEDES: Applications, Reasoning and Concepts for High School Instructors: Making Educational Discoveries and Expanding Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lea, Suzanne M.

    Project ARCHIMEDES was designed in cooperation with local teachers to enhance concept understanding of teachers of physics and physical sciences, to increase use of electronics and computers in the classroom, and to introduce research on students' misconceptions in physics, teaching methods for identifying and remediating misconceptions, and ways…

  1. Review of fossil plant R and D project prioritization for AI applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper summarizes an R and D plan for an organized program of expert system application development that is designed to advance the implementation of expert systems technology throughout the utility industry. This plan has been developed through the efforts of a formal working group comprised of key representatives of utilities, manufacturers, architect/engineers, and consultants having experience in expert systems development. The results of a screening process by which the best prospective expert system applications were identified are presented in the form of summaries that address the need, advantages, limitations, research methodology, estimated costs and benefits, and commercialization potential of each application

  2. Project Portfolio Management Software

    OpenAIRE

    Paul POCATILU

    2006-01-01

    In order to design a methodology for the development of project portfolio management (PPM) applications, the existing applications have to be studied. This paper describes the main characteristics of the leading project portfolio management software applications.

  3. Safety Assessment Methodologies and Their Application in Development of Near Surface Waste Disposal Facilities--ASAM Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Safety of near surface disposal facilities is a primary focus and objective of stakeholders involved in radioactive waste management of low and intermediate level waste and safety assessment is an important tool contributing to the evaluation and demonstration of the overall safety of these facilities. It plays significant role in different stages of development of these facilities (site characterization, design, operation, closure) and especially for those facilities for which safety assessment has not been performed or safety has not been demonstrated yet and the future has not been decided. Safety assessments also create the basis for the safety arguments presented to nuclear regulators, public and other interested parties in respect of the safety of existing facilities, the measures to upgrade existing facilities and development of new facilities. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has initiated a number of research coordinated projects in the field of development and improvement of approaches to safety assessment and methodologies for safety assessment of near surface disposal facilities, such as NSARS (Near Surface Radioactive Waste Disposal Safety Assessment Reliability Study) and ISAM (Improvement of Safety Assessment Methodologies for Near Surface Disposal Facilities) projects. These projects were very successful and showed that there is a need to promote the consistent application of the safety assessment methodologies and to explore approaches to regulatory review of safety assessments and safety cases in order to make safety related decisions. These objectives have been the basis of the IAEA follow up coordinated research project--ASAM (Application of Safety Assessment Methodologies for Near Surface Disposal Facilities), which will commence in November 2002 and continue for a period of three years

  4. Safety Assessment Methodologies and Their Application in Development of Near Surface Waste Disposal Facilities--ASAM Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Batandjieva, B.; Metcalf, P.

    2003-02-25

    Safety of near surface disposal facilities is a primary focus and objective of stakeholders involved in radioactive waste management of low and intermediate level waste and safety assessment is an important tool contributing to the evaluation and demonstration of the overall safety of these facilities. It plays significant role in different stages of development of these facilities (site characterization, design, operation, closure) and especially for those facilities for which safety assessment has not been performed or safety has not been demonstrated yet and the future has not been decided. Safety assessments also create the basis for the safety arguments presented to nuclear regulators, public and other interested parties in respect of the safety of existing facilities, the measures to upgrade existing facilities and development of new facilities. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has initiated a number of research coordinated projects in the field of development and improvement of approaches to safety assessment and methodologies for safety assessment of near surface disposal facilities, such as NSARS (Near Surface Radioactive Waste Disposal Safety Assessment Reliability Study) and ISAM (Improvement of Safety Assessment Methodologies for Near Surface Disposal Facilities) projects. These projects were very successful and showed that there is a need to promote the consistent application of the safety assessment methodologies and to explore approaches to regulatory review of safety assessments and safety cases in order to make safety related decisions. These objectives have been the basis of the IAEA follow up coordinated research project--ASAM (Application of Safety Assessment Methodologies for Near Surface Disposal Facilities), which will commence in November 2002 and continue for a period of three years.

  5. Accelerometer for Space Applications Based on Light-Pulse Atom Interferometry Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — We propose to build a compact, high-precision single-axis accelerometer based on atom interferometry that is applicable to operation in space environments. Based on...

  6. Comprehensive NASA Cis-Lunar Earth Moon Libration Orbit Reference and Web Application Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — To finalize a comprehensive NASA Cis-Lunar / Earth-Moon Libration Orbit Reference and Web Application begun using FY13 IRAD funding approved in May 2013. This GSFC...

  7. Rapid Development of Guidance, Navigation, and Control Core Flight System Software Applications Using Simulink Models Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — We will demonstrate the usefulness of SIL for GSFC missions by attempting to compile the SIL source code with an autocoded sample GNC application flight software....

  8. Hybrid High-Temperature Superconductor Current Leads for Space Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Tai-Yang Research Company (TYRC) of Tallahassee, Florida proposes to build hybrid high-temperature superconducting current leads for space applications,...

  9. Potential food applications of biobased materials. An EU- concerted action project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haugaard, V.K.; Udsen, A.M.; Mortensen, G.;

    2001-01-01

    films and coatings to food but novel commercial applications of these are scarce. Based on information currently available on the properties of biobased packaging materials the study identified products in the fresh meat, dairy, ready meal, beverage, fruit and vegetable, snack, frozen food and dry food......The objective of the study was to ascertain the state of the art with regard to the applicability of biobased packaging materials to foods and to identify potential food applications for biobased materials. The study revealed relatively few examples of biobased materials used as primary, secondary...... or tertiary packaging materials for foods. This is due to the fact that published investigations on the use of biobased materials are still scarce, and results obtained remain unpublished because of commercial pressures. The scientific literature contains numerous reports on applications of edible...

  10. Turn-key Near-Infrared Photon-Counting Detector Module for LIDAR Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Based on the prototype photon counter developed during Phase I, we will deliver a next-generation photon counting detector optimized for LIDAR applications within...

  11. Analytical Methods for Verification and Validation of Adaptive Systems in Safety-Critical Aerospace Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — A major challenge of the use of adaptive systems in safety-critical applications is the software life-cycle: requirement engineering through verification and...

  12. High Efficiency Three Phase Resonant Conversion for Standardized Architecture Power System Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — A low-cost, standardized-architecture power system is proposed for NASA electric propulsion (EP) applications. Three approaches are combined to develop a system...

  13. Miniature Time of Flight Mass Spectrometer for Space and Extraterrestrial Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The PI has developed a miniature time-of-flight mass spectrometer (TOF-MS), which can be op-timized for space and extraterrestrial applications, by using a...

  14. Autonomous Vehicles with High Capacity Computational Power Used in Remote Sensing Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — In military operations, large remotely piloted UAVs have been successfully deployed for several years. The success in this application has spawned a new area of...

  15. CarbAl(TM) Based Thermal Management for Space Flight Systems Application Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Thermal Transfer is a critical part of power electronics application in both terrestrial and space environments. Due to longer lifetime expectancies and harsh...

  16. Radiation Hardened Nanobridge based Non-volatile Memory for Space Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This NASA Phase I SBIR program would develop and demonstrate radiation hardened nanobridge based non-volatile memory (NVM) for space applications. Specifically, we...

  17. Solar Photovoltaic Field Tests and Applications Project. Monthly report, 1 December--31 December 1977

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-01-01

    Progress is reported on the following tasks: agriculture applications; Natural Bridges National Monument, rooftop test bed; Chicago Museum of Science and Industry; data management; materials, processes, and testing; and power conditioning and handling. (MHR)

  18. Accelerometer for Space Applications Based on Light-Pulse Atom Interferometry Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — We propose to design a compact, high-precision, single-axis accelerometer based on atom interferometry that is applicable to operation in space environments. Our...

  19. Security Requirements, Counterattacks and Projects in Healthcare Applications Using WSNs - A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Fatema, Nusrat; Brad, Remus

    2014-01-01

    Healthcare applications are well thought-out as interesting fields for WSN where patients can be examine using wireless medical sensor networks. Inside the hospital or extensive care surroundings there is a tempting need for steady monitoring of essential body functions and support for patient mobility. Recent research cantered on patient reliable communication, mobility, and energy-efficient routing. Yet deploying new expertise in healthcare applications presents some understandable security...

  20. Direct Satellite Data Acquisition and its Application for Large -scale Monitoring Projects in Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gershenzon, O.

    2011-12-01

    ScanEx RDC created an infrastructure (ground stations network) to acquire and process remote sensing data from different satellites: Terra, Aqua, Landsat, IRS-P5/P6, SPOT 4/5, FORMOSAT-2, EROS A/B, RADARSAT-1/2, ENVISAT-1. It owns image archives from these satellites as well as from SPOT-2 and CARTOSAT-2. ScanEx RDC builds and delivers remote sensing ground stations (working with up to 15 satellites); and owns the ground stations network to acquire data for Russia and surrounding territory. ScanEx stations are the basic component in departmental networks of remote sensing data acquisition for different state authorities (Roshydromet, Ministry of Natural Recourses, Emercom) and University- based remote sensing data acquisition and processing centers in Russia and abroad. ScanEx performs large-scale projects in collaboration with government agencies to monitor forests, floods, fires, sea surface pollution, and ice situation in Northern Russia. During 2010-2011 ScanEx conducted daily monitoring of wild fires in Russia detecting and registering thermal anomalies using data from Terra, Aqua, Landsat and SPOT satellites. Detailed SPOT 4/5 data is used to analyze burnt areas and to assess damage caused by fire. Satellite data along with other information about fire situation in Russia was daily updated and published via free-access Internet geoportal. A few projects ScanEx conducted together with environmental NGO. Project "Satellite monitoring of Especially Protected Natural Areas of Russia and its results visualization on geoportal was conducted in cooperation with NGO "Transparent World". The project's goal was to observe natural phenomena and economical activity, including illegal, by means of Earth remote sensing data. Monitoring is based on multi-temporal optical space imagery of different spatial resolution. Project results include detection of anthropogenic objects that appeared in the vicinity or even within the border of natural territories, that have never been

  1. 电子信息在现代工程管理中的应用%The Application of Electronic Information in Modern Project Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武美英

    2011-01-01

    论文描述了电子信息技术在现代工程管理领域中的应用及分析,提出了电子信息技术在现代工程管理中应用的必要性。%This paper describes the application and analysis of electronic information technology in the modern project management,and proposes the electronic information technology application necessity in the modern project management.

  2. Multi-level homotopy perturbation and projection techniques for the reanalysis of quadratic eigenvalue problems: The application of stability analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massa, F.; Lallemand, B.; Tison, T.

    2015-02-01

    Complex eigenvalue analysis is widely used to investigate the stability of a dynamical system with frictional contact. For finite element models, iterative solvers are needed to precisely calculate complex modes and eigenvalues. However, in cases such as reanalysis studies, optimization or uncertainty propagation processes, computational cost can quickly become too time consuming. For multiple samplings, two methods combining homotopy perturbation and projection techniques are proposed for the reanalysis of quadratic eigenvalue problems. To highlight the efficiency of the proposed methods, a complete numerical application including nominal and perturbed solution calculations, coalescence graph and parametric analysis, is performed. The precision of results and computational time are compared with those obtained using commercial software.

  3. Forestry applications project/timber resource. Sam Houston National forest inventory and development of a survey planning model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colwell, R. N.

    1976-01-01

    The Forestry Applications Project has been directed towards solving the problem of meeting informational needs of the resource managers utilizing remote sensing data sources including satellite data, conventional aerial photography, and direct measurement on the ground in such combinations as needed to best achieve these goals. It is recognized that sampling plays an important role in generating relevant information for managing large geographic populations. The central problem, therefore, is to define the kind and amount of sampling and the place of remote sensing data sources in that sampling system to do the best possible job of meeting the manager's informational needs.

  4. The review forms of the Appraisal Activities of the Products,Techniques and Applications Projects of BIRTV

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    ChineseName of the ItemEnglishTyPe of APPlication口Audio produetion and Broadcast口Video Produetion and Broadeast口Radio and Television Transmission and Delivery口Information Engineering口Film Produetion,Projection and DistributionThe ProPertiesof the Item口Products TyPe口Teehnieal Type口Application TypeReview OPinion on theAPPlied MaterialsOPinions of Prelimi-nary Examination forthe ItemOPinions ofRe一Exall刀-nation for the ItemOPinions of the FinalExamination for theItemReeommendationsand OPinions of Re-view Conlll...

  5. Conceptions of Software Development by Project Managers: A Study of Managing the Outsourced Development of Software Applications for United States Federal Government Agencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisen, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    This study explores how project managers, working for private federal IT contractors, experience and understand managing the development of software applications for U.S. federal government agencies. Very little is known about how they manage their projects in this challenging environment. Software development is a complex task and only grows in…

  6. The Application of Modern Dressings to Buruli Ulcers: Results from a Pilot Implementation Project in Ghana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velding, Kristien; Klis, Sandor-Adrian; Abass, K Mohammad; van der Werf, Tjip S; Stienstra, Ymkje

    2016-07-01

    Buruli ulcer (BU) is a tropical, infectious skin disease. The resulting ulcer can take a long time to heal, and a high standard of wound care is essential. Currently, the only dressing used for BU wound care is gauze, and its removal causes pain and bleeding. We performed a pilot implementation project using HydroTac(®) (HARTMANN, Heidenheim, Germany), a modern dressing combining foam with a hydrogel component. For future BU treatment, we recommend to use a more absorbent dressing than the HydroTac dressing used in the current project. However, we show that modern dressings can be applied to BUs and that HydroTac dressings yield clean, healing wounds, and prevent the pain and bleeding associated with gauze dressings. Wound care is a vital but to date neglected aspect of BU management. PMID:27162271

  7. APPLICATION OF PROJECT BASED LEARNING IN THE DISCIPLINE OF LOGISTICS: A CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Cesar Chagas Rodrigues

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Currently the higher education institutions need to search for new tools and methods to make learning more enjoyable and dynamic for students because the job market increasingly needs young people who have the ability to self-criticism above average. A search was performed on a course of action and technologist who had a total of 15 students, for the purpose of this research was to improve the learning level of students, reducing absenteeism and dropout, encourage research and participation in teamwork. As a way to develop this study the students had to develop a project of a bridge made of newspaper and involving the disciplines of logistics, financial management, human resource management and managing projects.

  8. Mastering data-intensive collaboration and decision making research and practical applications in the dicode project

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    This book reports on cutting-edge research carried out within the context of the EU-funded Dicode project, which aims at facilitating and augmenting collaboration and decision making in data-intensive and cognitively complex settings. Whenever appropriate, Dicode builds on prominent high-performance computing paradigms and large data processing technologies to meaningfully search, analyze, and aggregate data from diverse, extremely large, and rapidly evolving sources. The Dicode approach and services are fully explained, and particular emphasis is placed on deepening insights regarding the exploitation of big data, as well as on collaboration and issues relating to sense-making support. Building on current advances, the solution developed in the Dicode project brings together the reasoning capabilities of both the machine and humans. It can be viewed as an innovative “workbench” incorporating and orchestrating a set of interoperable services that reduce the data intensiveness and complexity overload at cr...

  9. R and D LMFRs knowledge preservation French project. Application to the sodium coolant and cover gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the frame of Liquid Metal Fast reactors knowledge preservation French project, CEA has separated the field of this subject in several items and has designed several experts to treat specific areas. Thus, this paper presents how this study was made dealing with the following item : sodium coolant and cover gas. This papers explains what were the main difficulties by making this study and how they can be solved. (author)

  10. An Approach to Multi-attribute Group Decision Making and Its Application to Project Risk Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Zhiguang Zhang

    2014-01-01

    Multiple attribute decision making is an important part of modern decision science. It has been extensively applied to various problems. There are several methods for this decision making problem. Based on TOPSIS method and Gray relational analysis method, this paper presents a combined approach to the multi-attribute group decision making. Finally, an illustrative example of evaluating projects risk assessment is given to show the feasibility and effectiveness of the developed method.

  11. Image restoration by the method of convex projections: part 2 applications and numerical results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sezan, M I; Stark, H

    1982-01-01

    The image restoration theory discussed in a previous paper by Youla and Webb [1] is applied to a simulated image and the results compared with the well-known method known as the Gerchberg-Papoulis algorithm. The results show that the method of image restoration by projection onto convex sets, by providing a convenient technique for utilizing a priori information, performs significantly better than the Gerchberg-Papoulis method. PMID:18238262

  12. The EULER Project: Application of Software Defined Radio in Joint Security Operations

    OpenAIRE

    Baldini, Gianmarco; PICCHI Ottavio; Luise, Marco; STURMAN Taj; VERGARI Fabrizio; BRÄYSY Timo; MOY Cristophe; Dopico, Raul

    2011-01-01

    The task of improving the effectiveness of public safety communications has become a main priority for governments. This is partly motivated by the increased risk of natural disasters such as flooding, earthquakes and fires, and partly, due to the risks and consequent impact of terrorist attacks. This paper focuses on the experience from the European Commission (EC) Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) project known as EULER, which seeks to demonstrate the benefits of Software Defined Radio (SDR...

  13. The Application of Persuasive Technology to educational settings: Some theoretical from the HANDS Project

    OpenAIRE

    Mintz, Joseph; Aagaard, Morten

    2010-01-01

    In the HANDS project Persuasive Technology is applied in an educational context in special schools for children with autism, in which social skills development is the aim of the persuasion. We consider how in such educational settings the interventions can be theorized in the context of existing educational paradigms. We discuss the relation between such paradigms and persuasive technology, and the specific case of persuasion in the pedagogical context of children with autism.

  14. Expanding the Application of Cassava Value Chain Technologies Through UPoCA Project

    OpenAIRE

    Braima Dama James; P. Bramel; E. Witte; R. Asiedu; D. Watson; R. Okechuckwu.

    2013-01-01

    Cassava can play a key role in rural economic growth in Africa, but are we there yet? Cassava varieties with 50% more yielding potential and technologies to boost processing and marketing of cassava are available. However, the sub-sector is constrained by low productivity and marketing difficulties. In 2008, USAID and IITA initiated the project “Unleashing the Power of Cassava in Response to Food Price Crisis (UPOCA) as a multi-country and inter-institutional partnership enabling cassava sub-...

  15. The Application of Asphalt Cold Recycling Technology in Lower Yellow River Flood Control Project

    OpenAIRE

    Zhao Yu Kun; Li Qing An

    2016-01-01

    Asphalt cold recycling technology has many advantages, such as rapid construction, energy saving, and environmental protection. In this article, the works based on the flood control dike road repair of lower Yellow River flood control project and cold asphalt recycling technology. Combined with the current flood control dike road in Liaocheng, the old pavement rehabilitation program was designed and the program was successfully implemented. It provided a successful reference cases for applica...

  16. An Application of Discrete Optimization for Developing Economically Efficient Multiple-Use Projects

    OpenAIRE

    United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service

    1985-01-01

    A discrete version of the continuous joint production model in economic theory is presented for use in designing multiple-use projects and identifying efficient management prescriptions for forest planning. Data requirements are less demanding than the continuous theoretical model, yet some of the more important features are maintained. Models can be formulated graphically or as mixed-integer programming problems that are easily solved via computerized routines.

  17. Accelerated perturbation-resilient block-iterative projection methods with application to image reconstruction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study the convergence of a class of accelerated perturbation-resilient block-iterative projection methods for solving systems of linear equations. We prove convergence to a fixed point of an operator even in the presence of summable perturbations of the iterates, irrespective of the consistency of the linear system. For a consistent system, the limit point is a solution of the system. In the inconsistent case, the symmetric version of our method converges to a weighted least-squares solution. Perturbation resilience is utilized to approximate the minimum of a convex functional subject to the equations. A main contribution, as compared to previously published approaches to achieving similar aims, is a more than an order of magnitude speed-up, as demonstrated by applying the methods to problems of image reconstruction from projections. In addition, the accelerated algorithms are illustrated to be better, in a strict sense provided by the method of statistical hypothesis testing, than their unaccelerated versions for the task of detecting small tumors in the brain from x-ray CT projection data. (paper)

  18. Nonlinear projection methods for visualizing Barcode data and application on two data sets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olteanu, Madalina; Nicolas, Violaine; Schaeffer, Brigitte; Denys, Christiane; Missoup, Alain-Didier; Kennis, Jan; Larédo, Catherine

    2013-11-01

    Developing tools for visualizing DNA sequences is an important issue in the Barcoding context. Visualizing Barcode data can be put in a purely statistical context, unsupervised learning. Clustering methods combined with projection methods have two closely linked objectives, visualizing and finding structure in the data. Multidimensional scaling (MDS) and Self-organizing maps (SOM) are unsupervised statistical tools for data visualization. Both algorithms map data onto a lower dimensional manifold: MDS looks for a projection that best preserves pairwise distances while SOM preserves the topology of the data. Both algorithms were initially developed for Euclidean data and the conditions necessary to their good implementation were not satisfied for Barcode data. We developed a workflow consisting in four steps: collapse data into distinct sequences; compute a dissimilarity matrix; run a modified version of SOM for dissimilarity matrices to structure the data and reduce dimensionality; project the results using MDS. This methodology was applied to Astraptes fulgerator and Hylomyscus, an African rodent with debated taxonomy. We obtained very good results for both data sets. The results were robust against unbalanced species. All the species in Astraptes were well displayed in very distinct groups in the various visualizations, except for LOHAMP and FABOV that were mixed up. For Hylomyscus, our findings were consistent with known species, confirmed the existence of four unnamed taxa and suggested the existence of potentially new species. PMID:23286377

  19. Women’s Education, Family Planning, or Both? Application of Multistate Demographic Projections in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leiwen Jiang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Is education the best contraceptive? Using the multistate human capital projection model, our analysis shows that the projected changes in India population vary depending on investments in education and helping women reduce unwanted fertility rates, that investments in both education and helping women in each education category—but particularly less educated women—meet their wanted fertility will have the largest impacts on India’s population projections, and that the impact from investment in reducing unwanted fertility will be much more immediate and significant than only investments in education. Our analysis also reveals that an increasing education transition rate in India will not only help to achieve a population age structure that is favorable for economic growth, but also result in a larger share of skilled labor force that help to achieve higher economic growth rate. More importantly, investment in girls’ education and achieving gender equality in education will be the most effective measure to increase India’s population education level and improve its overall values of human capital.

  20. Impact Analysis of Irrigation Projects: an Application of Contingent Valuation Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anastasios Michailidis

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Water supply in rural and urban areas is an issue of primary concern, especially in developing countries. The objective of this study is to estimate some socioeconomic and environmental values of three irrigation lakes, constructed at Panagitsa village (Region of Central Macedonia, Prefecture of Pella. The study area is characterized, especially during the summer session, of limited water supply for irrigation purposes. Although the majority of Contingent Valuation Method (CVM studies have been restricted to environmental goods, this method can applied to public goods in general. It is assumed that the consumers satisfaction of water supply service, their opinions about the water management system and its affordability might have an impact on their Willingness to Pay (WTP.Various outputs were defined and each ones economic value was estimated. Water supply, recreation, health effects, social impact, environmental consequences and some more outputs were valued through the CVM. These values can assist managers and policy makers in making decisions regarding the opportunity cost of the irrigation projects, their management options and the projects alterations or preservations. These values of the irrigation projects outputs are estimated under the assumption that all other wetlands or water resources in the region remain unchanged.

  1. The application of Fresnel zone plate based projection in optofluidic microscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jigang; Cui, Xiquan; Lee, Lap Man; Yang, Changhuei

    2008-09-29

    Optofluidic microscopy (OFM) is a novel technique for low-cost, high-resolution on-chip microscopy imaging. In this paper we report the use of the Fresnel zone plate (FZP) based projection in OFM as a cost-effective and compact means for projecting the transmission through an OFM's aperture array onto a sensor grid. We demonstrate this approach by employing a FZP (diameter = 255 microm, focal length = 800 microm) that has been patterned onto a glass slide to project the transmission from an array of apertures (diameter = 1 microm, separation = 10 microm) onto a CMOS sensor. We are able to resolve the contributions from 44 apertures on the sensor under the illumination from a HeNe laser (wavelength = 633 nm). The imaging quality of the FZP determines the effective field-of-view (related to the number of resolvable transmissions from apertures) but not the image resolution of such an OFM system--a key distinction from conventional microscope systems. We demonstrate the capability of the integrated system by flowing the protist Euglena gracilis across the aperture array microfluidically and performing OFM imaging of the samples. PMID:18825198

  2. West Texas nursing education portal project: developing a regional centralized application system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Patricia; Billings, Lynda; Cannon, Sharon; Majors, Jennifer; Sportsman, Susan; Ballesteros, Pauline A; Bezinque, Kim; Bolton, Cathy; Cottenoir, Marla; Edwards, Carmen; Louder, Justin; O'Neal, Cynthia; Morgan, Jackolyn; Reyes, Helen; Ross, Linda

    2011-01-01

    Because of the nursing shortage and a demand for maximum enrollment, a group of five baccalaureate and seven associate degree nursing programs in West Texas first met in 2007 to form the West Texas Nursing Education Consortium (WTNEC). To emphasize the importance of scale and distance, the West Texas region is larger than all of the northeastern states combined. The founding group agreed that the first mission of WTNEC should be to pool resources in order to increase admission and graduation rates for WTNEC schools. Two years later, this mission is being accomplished by the implementation of a plan designed to increase participating schools' admissions, retention, and graduation rates. A grant proposal was written and funded to develop a central regionalization of the application process for entry into WTNEC generic programs (associates degree in nursing and bachelor of science in nursing), with the goal of decreasing and possibly eliminating student vacancy rates in member schools and perhaps reducing the resources needed by each school for the admission process. The implemented centralized application system allowed prospective students to apply online to the centralized admission portal. Students maintained the freedom to choose the nursing program(s) they wanted to attend, but they were also made aware of possible openings in other participating schools. The admission portal also saved potential students time and money by submitting one centralized application, resulting in consolidation of the nursing school application process. Eleven of the 12 consortium schools participated in the centralized application system. PMID:21596353

  3. Projected impact on wave-driven harbour agitation due to climate change – application to the Catalan ports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. P. Sierra

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present work is to analyse how changes in wave patterns due to the effect of climate change can affect harbour agitation (oscillations within the port due to wind waves. The study focuses on 13 harbours located on the Catalan coast (NW Mediterranean using a methodology with general applicability. To obtain the patterns of agitation, a Boussinesq-type model is used, which is forced at the boundaries by present/future offshore wave conditions extracted from recently developed high-resolution wave projections in the NW Mediterranean. These wave projections were obtained with the SWAN model forced by present/future surface wind fields projected, respectively, by 5 different combinations of global and regional circulation models (GCMs and RCMs for the A1B scenario. The results show a general slight reduction in the annual average agitation for most of the ports, except for the northernmost and southernmost areas of the region, where a slight increase is obtained. A seasonal analysis reveals that the tendency to decrease is accentuated in winter. However, the inter-model variability is large for both the winter and the annual analysis and many ports present at least one model configuration showing a rise in the agitation. Conversely, a general increase is found during summer, which is the period with greater activity in most of the studied ports (marinas. The latter result is more consistent among models, which illustrates the lower inter-model variability in summer.

  4. Optimizing nitrogen fertilizer application to irrigated wheat. Results of a co-ordinated research project. 1994-1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This TECDOC summarizes the results of a Co-ordinated Research Project (CRP) on the Use of Nuclear Techniques for Optimizing Fertilizer Application under Irrigated Wheat to Increase the Efficient Use of Nitrogen Fertilizer and Consequently Reduce Environmental Pollution. The project was carried out between 1994 and 1998 through the technical co-ordination of the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture. Fourteen Member States of the IAEA and FAO carried out a series of field experiments aimed at improving irrigation water and fertilizer-N uptake efficiencies through integrated management of the complex Interactions involving inputs, soils, climate, and wheat cultivars. Its goals were: to investigate various aspects of fertilizer N uptake efficiency of wheat crops under irrigation through an interregional research network involving countries growing large areas of irrigated wheat; to use 15N and the soil-moisture neutron probe to determine the fate of applied N, to follow water and nitrate movement in the soil, and to determine water balance and water-use efficiency in irrigated wheat cropping systems; to use the data generated to further develop and refine various relationships in the Ceres-Wheat computer simulation model; to use the knowledge generated to produce a N-rate-recommendation package to refine specific management strategies with respect to fertilizer applications and expected yields

  5. 7 CFR 273.23 - Simplified application and standardized benefit projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... circumstances warrant, may be required to attend a face-to-face interview on a schedule which would conform to... interview, the household shall be required to complete a modified application and provide additional information in accordance with § 273.2(f). If the household fails to comply with the interview...

  6. Technology survey of computer software as applicable to the MIUS project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fulbright, B. E.

    1975-01-01

    Existing computer software, available from either governmental or private sources, applicable to modular integrated utility system program simulation is surveyed. Several programs and subprograms are described to provide a consolidated reference, and a bibliography is included. The report covers the two broad areas of design simulation and system simulation.

  7. Application of the ALARA principle to the bleed condenser relief valve replacement project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Darlington Nuclear Generating Division's achievements in radiation dose performance can be attributed, in part, to adherence to the ALARA principle. The station's ALARA program, which is an integral part of the safety culture, derives its strength from a strong and unwavering commitment by the site Vice President. This commitment is supported by performance standards and an accountability system which holds managers and supervisors responsible for dose performance. A LAN-based hazard and dose information system with site-wide accessibility was established to facilitate work planning and exposure control. The principle of dose optimization is fully integrated into the work management process and includes work planning, progress monitoring and post-job review. An integrated performance assessment and reporting system also provides timely feedback to management on dose performance. An example of the ALARA program was the bleed condenser relieve valve replacement project. Pre-job ALARA review meetings for the project were held with supervisory staff and technicians to discuss job details and dose reduction measures. All work groups were required to prepare a detailed step be step task safety analysis (TSA). The trades and engineering staff were requested to critique the TSA and suggest ways of reducing dose. Over 30 practical ALARA suggestions were received and adopted for implementation. Daily meetings were held to review job progress and the effectiveness exposure control. A post-job ALARA review was held at the conclusion of each project to obtain feedback and lessons learned. All improvement suggestions were reviewed for implementation during subsequent installations. As a result of the ALARA initiatives, significant dose savings were achieved. The normalized dose expenditure has been reduced from 9.6 rem for the first installation to 6.9 rem for the fourth and last installation. (author)

  8. Applications of the Atmosphere-Land Exchange Inverse (ALEXI) Model and Highlights of Current Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hain, C.; Mecikalski, J. R.; Schultz, L. A.

    2009-12-01

    The Atmosphere-Land Exchange Inverse (ALEXI) model was developed as an auxiliary means for estimating surface fluxes over large regions primarily using remote-sensing data. The model is unique in that no information regarding antecedent precipitation or moisture storage capacity is required - the surface moisture status is deduced from a radiometric temperature change signal. ALEXI uses the available water fraction (fAW) as a proxy for soil moisture conditions. Combining fAW with ALEXI’s ability to provide valuable information about the partitioning of the surface energy budget, which can dictated largely by soil moisture conditions, accommodates the retrieval of an average fAW from the surface to the rooting depth of the active vegetation. Using this approach has many advantages over traditional energy flux and soil moisture measurements (towers with limited range and large monetary/personnel costs) or approximation methods (parametrization of the relationship between available water and soil moisture) in that data is available both spatially and temporal over a large, non-homogeneous, sometimes densely vegetated area. Being satellite based, the model can be run anywhere thermal infrared satellite information is available. The current ALEXI climatology dates back to March 2000 and covers the continental U.S. Examples of projects underway using the ALEXI soil moisture retrieval tools include the Southern Florida Water Management Project; NASA’s Project Nile, which proposes to acquire hydrological information for the water management in the Nile River basin; and a USDA pro ject to expand the ALEXI framework to include Europe and parts of northern Africa using data from the European geostationary satellites, specifically the Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) Series.

  9. Adaptive projective synchronization of unified chaotic systems and its application to secure communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hu Man-Feng; Xu Zhen-Yuan

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, a simple adaptive linear feedback control method is proposed for controlling the scaling factor between two coupled unified chaotic systems to a desired value, based on the invariance principle of differential equations.Under this control strategy, one can arbitrarily select the scaling factor. Numerical simulations are given to support the effectiveness of the proposed method and show the robustness against noise. Furthermore, a secure communication scheme based on the adlaptive projective synchronization of unified chaotic systems is presented and numerical simulation shows its feasibility.

  10. Results of the application project ''Plant oil from Saxony-Anhalt''

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the context of the search for new, futuristic tasks and markets, the cultivation and use of regenerative raw materials crystallized out in Saxony-Anhalt. The Plant Oil Saxony Anhalt company (IG Plant Oil LSA) was founded to coordinate the activities. This article introduces the structure and aims of this project. Also, the tasks and results of R + D work are introduced. This includes the areas of obtaining plant oils, engine and vehicle testing, the use of plant oil for drying the harvest and the use of the end products from obtaining the oil. (BWI)

  11. Projecting Thailand physician supplies between 2012 and 2030: application of cohort approaches

    OpenAIRE

    Suphanchaimat Rapeepong; Wisaijohn Thunthita; Thammathacharee Noppakun; Tangcharoensathien Viroj

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background This study forecasts physician supply between 2012 and 2030 using cohort analysis, based on future production capacity and losses from the profession, and assesses if, and by when, the projected numbers of physicians would meet the targets of one doctor per 1,500 population, as proposed by the 7th National Conference on Medical Education in 2001, and one per 1,800, proposed by the Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) in 2004. Methods We estimated the annual loss rate that best...

  12. Integrated Vehicle Health Management Project-Modeling and Simulation for Wireless Sensor Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallett, Thomas M.; Mueller, Carl H.; Griner, James H., Jr.

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes the efforts in modeling and simulating electromagnetic transmission and reception as in a wireless sensor network through a realistic wing model for the Integrated Vehicle Health Management project at the Glenn Research Center. A computer model in a standard format for an S-3 Viking aircraft was obtained, converted to a Microwave Studio software format, and scaled to proper dimensions in Microwave Studio. The left wing portion of the model was used with two antenna models, one transmitting and one receiving, to simulate radio frequency transmission through the wing. Transmission and reception results were inconclusive.

  13. The application and development on radiation monitoring microcomputer management system in design of a certain project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A scheme of a radiation monitoring system with a RMMMS (Radiation Monitoring Microcomputer Management System) has been designed for the first time in the radiation protection design of a certain nuclear projection undertaken by the BINE (Beijing Institute of Nuclear Engineering). Meanwhile, we accepted the research task of the RMMMS that can manage 40 monitoring channel. The key factors of radiation monitors, microcomputer, information management and systematic design method are considered in the development of the RMMMS. This paper presents briefly the scheme and functions of the RMMMS

  14. Current status and future prospects of Japanese national project on coated conductor development and its applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiohara, Y.; Yoshizumi, M.; Izumi, T.; Yamada, Y.

    2008-09-01

    Four years of the current five-year national project since 2003 for development of coated conductors using Y-system superconductors have passed and lots of remarkable results have been achieved. In this paper, the current status and the future prospect of this project are reviewed. The current national project comprises several groups of national laboratories, universities and private companies. The group of high performance tape development, consisting of Fujikura and SRL-NCCC, has worked on the tape by PLD-REBCO superconducting tapes on the PLD-CeO 2/IBAD-GZO buffered substrates. The high product of Ic and L equal to 112,166 A m was achieved in the 368 m-304.8 A GdBCO tape whose Ic value is mostly above 350 A/cm-w. The performance under the magnetic fields was also improved up to 42 A at 3 T in a GdBCO short film with doping of ZrO 2. About 61 m long GdBCO tape with ZrO 2 doping showed a high Ic value of 220 A at self field and 30 A at 3 T. On the other hand, the other group focusing on the low production cost has worked on processes of TFA-MOD and MOCVD, etc. The extremely high Ic value of 735 A/cm-w was attained in the TFA-MOD films on PLD-CeO 2/IBAD-GZO/Hastelloy C276 substrate by means of using the effect of Ba-poor nominal composition. In the efforts for long tape production, 200 m long tapes with high Ic values of 200 A/cm-w and 205 A/cm-w were obtained by MOD-YBCO/PLD-CeO 2/IBAD-GZO/Hastelloy C276 and PLD-HoBCO on buffered NiW substrate, respectively. The Ic × L value of the MOD-derived tape was 40,000 A m, which is the highest value in the world by the MOD process. Based on the above achievements on the coated conductor process development, two new additional goals were set in the project. One is the development for the extremely low cost tape and another is the development of the basic technologies for making the electric power devices including cables, transformers, motors, current-limiters and cryocoolers. Some of the new themes already revealed the

  15. Current status and future prospects of Japanese national project on coated conductor development and its applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Four years of the current five-year national project since 2003 for development of coated conductors using Y-system superconductors have passed and lots of remarkable results have been achieved. In this paper, the current status and the future prospect of this project are reviewed. The current national project comprises several groups of national laboratories, universities and private companies. The group of high performance tape development, consisting of Fujikura and SRL-NCCC, has worked on the tape by PLD-REBCO superconducting tapes on the PLD-CeO2/IBAD-GZO buffered substrates. The high product of Ic and L equal to 112,166 A m was achieved in the 368 m-304.8 A GdBCO tape whose Ic value is mostly above 350 A/cm-w. The performance under the magnetic fields was also improved up to 42 A at 3 T in a GdBCO short film with doping of ZrO2. About 61 m long GdBCO tape with ZrO2 doping showed a high Ic value of 220 A at self field and 30 A at 3 T. On the other hand, the other group focusing on the low production cost has worked on processes of TFA-MOD and MOCVD, etc. The extremely high Ic value of 735 A/cm-w was attained in the TFA-MOD films on PLD-CeO2/IBAD-GZO/Hastelloy C276 substrate by means of using the effect of Ba-poor nominal composition. In the efforts for long tape production, 200 m long tapes with high Ic values of 200 A/cm-w and 205 A/cm-w were obtained by MOD-YBCO/PLD-CeO2/IBAD-GZO/Hastelloy C276 and PLD-HoBCO on buffered NiW substrate, respectively. The Ic x L value of the MOD-derived tape was 40,000 A m, which is the highest value in the world by the MOD process. Based on the above achievements on the coated conductor process development, two new additional goals were set in the project. One is the development for the extremely low cost tape and another is the development of the basic technologies for making the electric power devices including cables, transformers, motors, current-limiters and cryocoolers. Some of the new themes already revealed the

  16. Current status and future prospects of Japanese national project on coated conductor development and its applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shiohara, Y. [Superconductivity Research Laboratory, ISTEC, Shinonome 1-10-13, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135-0062 (Japan)], E-mail: shiohara@istec.or.jp; Yoshizumi, M.; Izumi, T. [Superconductivity Research Laboratory, ISTEC, Shinonome 1-10-13, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135-0062 (Japan); Yamada, Y. [Superconductivity Research Laboratory, ISTEC, Nagoya Coated Conductor Center, 2-4-1, Mutsuno, Atsuta-ku, Nagoya 456-8587 (Japan)

    2008-09-15

    Four years of the current five-year national project since 2003 for development of coated conductors using Y-system superconductors have passed and lots of remarkable results have been achieved. In this paper, the current status and the future prospect of this project are reviewed. The current national project comprises several groups of national laboratories, universities and private companies. The group of high performance tape development, consisting of Fujikura and SRL-NCCC, has worked on the tape by PLD-REBCO superconducting tapes on the PLD-CeO{sub 2}/IBAD-GZO buffered substrates. The high product of I{sub c} and L equal to 112,166 A m was achieved in the 368 m-304.8 A GdBCO tape whose I{sub c} value is mostly above 350 A/cm-w. The performance under the magnetic fields was also improved up to 42 A at 3 T in a GdBCO short film with doping of ZrO{sub 2}. About 61 m long GdBCO tape with ZrO{sub 2} doping showed a high I{sub c} value of 220 A at self field and 30 A at 3 T. On the other hand, the other group focusing on the low production cost has worked on processes of TFA-MOD and MOCVD, etc. The extremely high I{sub c} value of 735 A/cm-w was attained in the TFA-MOD films on PLD-CeO{sub 2}/IBAD-GZO/Hastelloy C276 substrate by means of using the effect of Ba-poor nominal composition. In the efforts for long tape production, 200 m long tapes with high I{sub c} values of 200 A/cm-w and 205 A/cm-w were obtained by MOD-YBCO/PLD-CeO{sub 2}/IBAD-GZO/Hastelloy C276 and PLD-HoBCO on buffered NiW substrate, respectively. The I{sub c} x L value of the MOD-derived tape was 40,000 A m, which is the highest value in the world by the MOD process. Based on the above achievements on the coated conductor process development, two new additional goals were set in the project. One is the development for the extremely low cost tape and another is the development of the basic technologies for making the electric power devices including cables, transformers, motors, current

  17. ON THE FINITE VOLUME ELEMENT VERSION OF RITZ-VOLTERRA PROJECTION AND APPLICATIONS TO RELATED EQUATIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tie Zhang; Yan-ping Lin; Robert J.Tait

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, we present a general error analysis framework for the finite volume element (FVE) approximation to the Ritz-Volterra projection, the Sobolev equations and parabolic integro-differential equations. The main idea in our paper is to consider the FVE methods as perturbations of standard finite element methods which enables us to derive the optimal L2 and H1 norm error estimates, and the L∞ and W1∞ norm error estimates by means of the time dependent Green functions. Our disc ussions also include elliptic and parabolic problems as the special cases.

  18. 提高教改项目申报成功率的探讨%On Improving the Successful Rate of Education Reform Project Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游普元

    2013-01-01

    The successful application of education reform project is of important significance in promoting education reform. This paper discusses from project title selection, project basis and goals, desired effect and concrete result and project implementation plan, to provide reference for successful application of education reform project.%  教改项目的成功申报对教学改革的推动有着重要意义,本文从课题题目拟定、立项依据及目标、预期效果及具体成果、课题实施方案等几方面进行了探讨,对成功申报教改项目提供参考。

  19. Overview of the solid state laser projects for ICF applications at CAEP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Hansheng; Zhang, Xiao Min; Wei, XiaoFeng; Zheng, Wanguo; Jing, Feng; Sui, Zhan; Yuan, Xiaodong

    1998-12-01

    The ICF Programs in China have made significant progress in solid state laser technology development and advanced laser facility designing with multilabs' efforts in the past years. The eight-beam SG-II laser facility is expected to complete for a 4.8-kJ output at 1.05 micrometers and to operate for target experiments in a few months. A national project, SG-II laser facility, has been proposed to produce 60-kJ blue light for target physics experiments and is being conceptually designed. New laser technologies, including multipass amplification, large aperture plasma electrode switches, fast growth of KDP, laser glass with fewer platinum grains, long flash lamps and precision manufacturing of large optical components are being developed to meet the requirements of the SG-III Project. In addition, numerical simulations are being conducted for the optical design of the new facility. The Technical Integration Line of 4 by 2 segmented array as a prototype module of SG-II with a chamber for laser beams measurements will be first built in the next few years.

  20. Application of scene projection technologies at the AMRDEC SSDD HWIL facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gareri, Jeffrey P.; Ballard, Gary H.; Morris, Joseph W.; Bunfield, Dennis; Saylor, Danny

    2012-06-01

    State-of-the-art hardware-in-the-loop (HWIL) test facilities have been established and in operation at the U.S. Army's Aviation and Missile Research, Development, and Engineering Center (AMRDEC) in McMorrow Laboratories, on Redstone Arsenal Alabama for over 37 years. These facilities have been successfully developed and employed supporting numerous tactical and interceptor missile systems. The AMRDEC HWIL facilities are constantly in a state state of modification and revision supporting evolving test requirements related to increasingly complex sensor suites, guidance implementations, and employment strategies prevalent within both existing and emerging aviation and missile programs. . This paper surveys the role of the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Research, Development, and Engineering Center (AMRDEC) in the development and operation of HWIL test facilities and the implementation of new, innovative technologies that have been integrated within facility test assets. This technology spans both the Near IR (NIR- 1.064um) and IR (3 - 12um) and RF (2 - 95 GHz) operating ranges. The AMRDEC HWIL facilities represent the highest degree of simulation fidelity, integrating all the major parts of a HWIL simulation including tactical missile and seeker hardware, executive control software, scene generation, and NIR, IR or RF scene projection systems. Successful incorporation of scene generation and projection technologies have become a key thrust of the AMRDEC HWIL development focus, with the intention to adapt and anticipate emerging test element requirements necessitated by future system sensing technologies.

  1. The application of projected conjugate gradient solvers on graphical processing units

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lin, Youzuo [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Renaut, Rosemary [ARIZONA STATE UNIV.

    2011-01-26

    Graphical processing units introduce the capability for large scale computation at the desktop. Presented numerical results verify that efficiencies and accuracies of basic linear algebra subroutines of all levels when implemented in CUDA and Jacket are comparable. But experimental results demonstrate that the basic linear algebra subroutines of level three offer the greatest potential for improving efficiency of basic numerical algorithms. We consider the solution of the multiple right hand side set of linear equations using Krylov subspace-based solvers. Thus, for the multiple right hand side case, it is more efficient to make use of a block implementation of the conjugate gradient algorithm, rather than to solve each system independently. Jacket is used for the implementation. Furthermore, including projection from one system to another improves efficiency. A relevant example, for which simulated results are provided, is the reconstruction of a three dimensional medical image volume acquired from a positron emission tomography scanner. Efficiency of the reconstruction is improved by using projection across nearby slices.

  2. Application of Project Time Management Tools and Techniques to the Construction Industry in the Gaza Strip

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nabil Sawalhi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to investigate the level of applying theproject time management tools and techniques by public ownersand construction contractors in the Gaza Strip. This study hasbeen conducted by means of a survey questionnaire. Seventythreequestionnaires were distributed to target constructioncontractors and twenty-five questionnaires to public owners. Sixtycompleted questionnaires from contractors and twenty-threequestionnaires from public owners were received and analysed.The survey results indicated that contemporary project timemanagement tools and techniques are not widely used amonglocal contractors and owners. Lack of subcontractor’s knowledgeand awareness of the importance of project time managementtools and techniques are still major obstacles toward the efficientutilisation of such tools. This study recommended that there is anurgent need to establish a professional industry body such as anInstitute of Building to review and evaluate existing local projectmanagement practices. This professional body may be establishedby the government through the Ministry of Housing and PublicWorks or by the local university in cooperation with a similarinternational professional industry body. Current training effortshould be tailored to encourage owners and contractors to usework breakdown structures, resource optimisation, and networkscheduling.

  3. "SWING": A European project for a new application of an ionospheric network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zolesi, B.; Bianchi, C.; Meloni, A.; Baskaradas, J. A.; Belehaki, A.; Altadill, D.; Dalle Mese, E.

    2016-05-01

    The SWING (Short Wave critical Infrastructure Network based on a new Generation high survival radio communication system) is a European project aimed at studying a high survival high-frequency (HF) radio network to link European Critical Infrastructures (ECIs). This system is thought to replace broadband internet communication, maintaining the minimum flux of essential information for the ECIs management and control, in case of wide-scale threats, including terrorist attacks, able to put out of order internet links over the Mediterranean region. SWING is designed to evaluate the threat and increase the security awareness, as well as the level of protection, of analogous and/or interdependent ECIs. In order to meet these goals, SWING was finalized to recognize how and when the internet communication fails and to develop the standard software and hardware tools necessary for implementing communication protocols suited for a reliable and interoperable short-wave (SW) or high-frequency (HF) radio network backup. The internet broadband description and internet failure recognition were taken into consideration in the project but are not treated in this paper. It has been assessed that in case of complete failure of the internet broadband communication fundamental information for the management and control of ECIs over the Mediterranean region can be maintained with a HF network, even in case of moderate ionospheric perturbations.

  4. Korthagen’s ALACT model: Application and modification in the science project “Kolumbus-Kids”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claas Wegner

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In order to improve one’s teaching in the long run, reflection on the lessons makes up an integral part in the process of developing a sufficient reflection competence. The problem, however, is how this reflection competence can be established in student teachers already and if that concept is compatible with current systems of teacher education at all. One technique of reflection stems from Fred Korthagen’s research, suggesting that colleagues should help evaluate each other’s lessons. After having held the lesson, the teacher is asked to look back at it, realising important aspects from a distanced point of view and drawing conclusions for further teaching. It should also be thought about alternatives. While theoretical input on reflection is given in the first part of the article, the second half focuses on the adaption of Korthagen’s approach for the tutoring project “Kolumbus-Kids”. The project very successfully implements the ALACT model (action – looking back – awareness of essential aspects – creating alternative methods of action – trial in teacher education at university and a checklist provided at the end provides an overview of the extensive set of questions to be used in the reflection process.

  5. A generic method for projecting and valuing domestic water uses, application to the Mediterranean basin at the 2050 horizon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neverre, Noémie; Dumas, Patrice

    2014-05-01

    The aim is to be able to assess future domestic water demands in a region with heterogeneous levels of economic development. This work offers an original combination of a quantitative projection of demands (similar to WaterGAP methodology) and an estimation of the marginal benefit of water. This method is applicable to different levels of economic development and usable for large-scale hydroeconomic modelling. The global method consists in building demand functions taking into account the impact of both the price of water and the level of equipment, proxied by economic development, on domestic water demand. Our basis is a 3-blocks inverse demand function: the first block consists of essential water requirements for food and hygiene; the second block matches intermediate needs; and the last block corresponds to additional water consumption, such as outdoor uses, which are the least valued. The volume of the first block is fixed to match recommended basic water requirements from the literature, but we assume that the volume limits of blocks 2 and 3 depend on the level of household equipment and therefore evolve with the level of GDP per capita (structural change), with a saturation. For blocks 1 and 2 we determine the value of water from elasticity, price and quantity data from the literature, using the point-extension method. For block 3, we use a hypothetical zero-cost demand and maximal demand with actual water costs to linearly interpolate the inverse demand function. These functions are calibrated on the 24 countries part of the Mediterranean basin using data from SIMEDD, and are used for the projection and valuation of domestic water demands at the 2050 horizon. They enable to project total water demand, and also the respective shares of the different categories of demand (basic demand, intermediate demand and additional uses). These projections are performed under different combined scenarios of population, GDP and water costs.

  6. The application of a multimodel ensemble to quantify uncertainty and produce weighted probabilistic projections of hydrological change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broderick, Ciaran; Fealy, Rowan; Murphy, Conor

    2013-04-01

    Multimodel experiments have provided the data necessary for undertaking probabilistic assessments of the likely impacts which projected climate change may have on hydrological systems. The availability of ensemble data has also facilitated a more comprehensive exploration of uncertainty and a greater understanding of the implications it has for future resource management. In this study a probabilistic framework is used to examine changes in the flow regime of the Burrishoole catchment - characterised as a responsive peatland system typical of many upland catchments found along Ireland's Atlantic seaboard. For the study a sampling procedure is used to generate probability distributions which quantify the range of uncertainty in the projected hydrological response. The sampling scheme combines model projections by weighting; to this end a likelihood value is attached to each member of a multimodel ensemble. Model reliability is quantified based on performance at capturing different aspects of the observed system behaviour. The dynamically downscaled climate data used is obtained from the EU-FP6 ENSEMBLES project; to overcome some of the limitations associated with this dataset it is used alongside statistically downscaled climate scenarios. To address uncertainty in the hydrological simulations multiple realizations of the catchment system - obtained by altering both the model structure and parameter values in search of behavioural solutions - are employed. The overriding aim of the paper is to examine how ensemble data can be most effectively exploited when conducting impact assessments. The probabilistic framework outlined is used to explore whether the application of a weighting scheme produces a different outcome than if uniform probabilities are applied; also examined is whether the weighting enables the uncertainty space to be constrained in a methodologically rigorous way. In order to understand how we can more effectively manage uncertainty the study

  7. Final report on LDRD project : coupling strategies for multi-physics applications.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hopkins, Matthew Morgan; Moffat, Harry K.; Carnes, Brian; Hooper, Russell Warren; Pawlowski, Roger P.

    2007-11-01

    Many current and future modeling applications at Sandia including ASC milestones will critically depend on the simultaneous solution of vastly different physical phenomena. Issues due to code coupling are often not addressed, understood, or even recognized. The objectives of the LDRD has been both in theory and in code development. We will show that we have provided a fundamental analysis of coupling, i.e., when strong coupling vs. a successive substitution strategy is needed. We have enabled the implementation of tighter coupling strategies through additions to the NOX and Sierra code suites to make coupling strategies available now. We have leveraged existing functionality to do this. Specifically, we have built into NOX the capability to handle fully coupled simulations from multiple codes, and we have also built into NOX the capability to handle Jacobi Free Newton Krylov simulations that link multiple applications. We show how this capability may be accessed from within the Sierra Framework as well as from outside of Sierra. The critical impact from this LDRD is that we have shown how and have delivered strategies for enabling strong Newton-based coupling while respecting the modularity of existing codes. This will facilitate the use of these codes in a coupled manner to solve multi-physic applications.

  8. Projecting Thailand physician supplies between 2012 and 2030: application of cohort approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suphanchaimat Rapeepong

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study forecasts physician supply between 2012 and 2030 using cohort analysis, based on future production capacity and losses from the profession, and assesses if, and by when, the projected numbers of physicians would meet the targets of one doctor per 1,500 population, as proposed by the 7th National Conference on Medical Education in 2001, and one per 1,800, proposed by the Ministry of Public Health (MoPH in 2004. Methods We estimated the annual loss rate that best reflected the dynamics of existing practising doctors, then applied this rate to the existing physicians, plus the newly licensed physicians flowing into the pool over the next two decades (from 2012 to 2030. Finally, the remaining practising physicians, after adjustment for losses, were verified against demand projections in order to identify supply gaps. Results Thailand has been experiencing an expansion in the total number of physicians, with an annual loss rate of 1%. Considering future plans for admission of medical students, the number of licensed physicians flowing into the pool should reach 2,592 per annum, and 2,661 per annum, by 2019 and 2030 respectively. By applying the 1% loss rate to the existing, and future newly licensed, physicians, there are forecast to be around 40,000 physicians in active clinical service by 2016, and in excess of 60,000 by 2028. Conclusion This supply forecast, given various assumptions, would meet the targets outlined above, of one doctor per 1,800 population, and one per 1,500 population, by 2016 and 2020 respectively. However, rapid changes in the contextual environment, e.g. economic demand, physician demographics, and disease burden, may mean that the annual loss rate of 1% used in this projection is not accurate in the future. To ensure population health needs are met, parallel policies on physician production encompassing both qualitative and quantitative aspects should be in place. Improved, up

  9. Using a dynamic vegetation model for future projections of crop yields: application to Belgium in the framework of the VOTES and MASC projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacquemin, Ingrid; Henrot, Alexandra-Jane; Fontaine, Corentin M.; Dendoncker, Nicolas; Beckers, Veronique; Debusscher, Bos; Tychon, Bernard; Hambuckers, Alain; François, Louis

    2016-04-01

    Dynamic vegetation models (DVM) were initially designed to describe the dynamics of natural ecosystems as a function of climate and soil, to study the role of the vegetation in the carbon cycle. These models are now directly coupled with climate models in order to evaluate feedbacks between vegetation and climate. But DVM characteristics allow numerous other applications, leading to amelioration of some of their modules (e.g., evaluating sensitivity of the hydrological module to land surface changes) and developments (e.g., coupling with other models like agent-based models), to be used in ecosystem management and land use planning studies. It is in this dynamic context about DVMs that we have adapted the CARAIB (CARbon Assimilation In the Biosphere) model. One of the main improvements is the implementation of a crop module, allowing the assessment of climate change impacts on crop yields. We try to validate this module at different scales: - from the plot level, with the use of eddy-covariance data from agricultural sites in the FLUXNET network, such as Lonzée (Belgium) or other Western European sites (Grignon, Dijkgraaf,…), - to the country level, for which we compare the crop yield calculated by CARAIB to the crop yield statistics for Belgium and for different agricultural regions of the country. Another challenge for the CARAIB DVM was to deal with the landscape dynamics, which is not directly possible due to the lack of consideration of anthropogenic factors in the system. In the framework of the VOTES and the MASC projects, CARAIB is coupled with an agent-based model (ABM), representing the societal component of the system. This coupled module allows the use of climate and socio-economic scenarios, particularly interesting for studies which aim at ensuring a sustainable approach. This module has particularly been exploited in the VOTES project, where the objective was to provide a social, biophysical and economic assessment of the ecosystem services in

  10. SOLERAS - Solar Controlled Environment Agriculture Project. Final report, Volume 5. Science Applications, Incorporated system requirements definition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1985-01-01

    This report sets forth the system requirements for a Solar Controlled-Environment Agriculture System (SCEAS) Project. In the report a conceptual baseline system description for an engineering test facility is given. This baseline system employs a fluid roof/roof filter in combination with a large storage tank and a ground water heat exchanger in order to provide cooling and heating as needed. Desalination is accomplished by pretreatment followed by reverse osmosis. Energy is provided by means of photovoltaics and wind machines in conjunction with storage batteries. Site and climatic data needed in the design process are given. System performance specifications and integrated system design criteria are set forth. Detailed subsystem design criteria are presented and appropriate references documented.

  11. Chemval project report on stage 2: application of speciation models to laboratory and field data sets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the results of Chemval Stage 2, an international chemical model validation exercise involving the active participation of 14 organizations within EC countries, Sweden, Switzerland and Finland. Four different sites have been studied, representing a range of host rock types and proposed disposal facilities. It details the methodology employed and results obtained for 19 test cases of varying complexity, devised to allow comparison between modelling results and experimental measurements. Recommendations are made for enhancement of models and thermodynamic databases employed, as well as for the collection of field/laboratory data geared to the needs of model validation. This report complements a previous one, ref. EUR 12237 EN, devoted to the verification of speciation models. The work is part of the Community's Mirage project - Second phase, on migration of radionuclides in the geosphere

  12. Projecting regional potentials for cost-effective energy conservation and renewable resource applications: a feasibility study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-01-01

    The feasibility is discussed of preparing an instruction manual that would enable a modeler in a particular region to set up a calculation method for predicting energy use. Such a manual would concern itself primarily with the three energy-consuming sectors most relevant to utilities' demand projections. Data requriements for each of the three sectors (residential, commercial, and industrial) are described and some initial guidance is provided as to how these needs can be filled. The methods for separate calculations of energy consumed by each end use in each sector are described. Each end use is discussed separately for the residential sector, but only in aggregate for the commercial and industrial sectors. (MCW)

  13. Application of a Sediment Information System to the Three Gorges Project on Yangtze River, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Shuyou; Liu, Xingnian; Yang, Kejun; Li, Changzhi

    Based on survey and analysis of a huge number of observed entrance sediment transport data and the research results of physical and numerical modeling of Three Gorges Reservoir on the Yangtze River, a sediment information system was designed. The basis of this system includes spatial data and properties of geographic elements, and various documents involved to the Three Gorges Project (TGP). Database and knowledge base are constructed as the information bank. The running environment is constructed by the general control program to realize requirements about various sediment information. The system chooses the window software as the system software. The techniques of graphical user interfaces and groupware geographic information system are applied in this system. In this phase, the emphases of the system are development of document system, map system, and presentation system. Cross-section system of the TGP was also attached. For further improvement of the system, a prepared interface of decision supporting subsystem is finished.

  14. Thermal power systems small power systems applications project. Volume 2: Detailed report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marriott, A. T.

    1979-01-01

    Small power system technology as applied to power plants up to 10 MW in size was considered. Markets for small power systems were characterized and cost goals were established for the project. Candidate power plant system design concepts were selected for evaluation and preliminary performance and cost assessments were made. Breakeven capital costs were determined for leading contenders among the candidate systems. The potential use of small power systems in providing part of the demand for pumping power by the extensive aqueduct system of California, was studied. Criteria and methodologies were developed for the ranking of candidate power plant system design concepts. Experimental power plant concepts of 1 MW rating were studied to define a power plant configuration for subsequent detail design construction, testing and evaluation. Site selection criteria and ground rules were developed.

  15. Engineering evaluation of neutralization and precipitation processes applicable to sludge treatment project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Engineering evaluations have been performed to determine likely unit operations and methods required to support the removal, storage, treatment and disposal of solids/sludges present in the K Basins at the Hanford Site. This evaluation was initiated to select a neutralization process for dissolver product solution resulting from nitric acid treatment of about 50 m3 of Hanford Site K Basins sludge. Neutralization is required to meet Tank Waste Remediation Waste System acceptance criteria for storage of the waste in the double shell tanks after neutralization, the supernate and precipitate will be transferred to the high level waste storage tanks in 200E Area. Non transuranic (TRU) solids residue will be transferred to the Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility (ERDF). This report presents an overview of neutralization and precipitation methods previously used and tested. This report also recommends a neutralization process to be used as part of the K Basins Sludge Treatment Project and identifies additional operations requiring further evaluation

  16. Application of Open Source Software by the Lunar Mapping and Modeling Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramirez, P.; Goodale, C. E.; Bui, B.; Chang, G.; Kim, R. M.; Law, E.; Malhotra, S.; Rodriguez, L.; Sadaqathullah, S.; Mattmann, C. A.; Crichton, D. J.

    2011-12-01

    The Lunar Mapping and Modeling Project (LMMP), led by the Marshall Space Flight center (MSFC), is responsible for the development of an information system to support lunar exploration, decision analysis, and release of lunar data to the public. The data available through the lunar portal is predominantly derived from present lunar missions (e.g., the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO)) and from historical missions (e.g., Apollo). This project has created a gold source of data, models, and tools for lunar explorers to exercise and incorporate into their activities. At Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), we focused on engineering and building the infrastructure to support cataloging, archiving, accessing, and delivery of lunar data. We decided to use a RESTful service-oriented architecture to enable us to abstract from the underlying technology choices and focus on interfaces to be used internally and externally. This decision allowed us to leverage several open source software components and integrate them by either writing a thin REST service layer or relying on the API they provided; the approach chosen was dependent on the targeted consumer of a given interface. We will discuss our varying experience using open source products; namely Apache OODT, Oracle Berkley DB XML, Apache Solr, and Oracle OpenSSO (now named OpenAM). Apache OODT, developed at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and recently migrated over to Apache, provided the means for ingestion and cataloguing of products within the infrastructure. Its usage was based upon team experience with the project and past benefit received on other projects internal and external to JPL. Berkeley DB XML, distributed by Oracle for both commercial and open source use, was the storage technology chosen for our metadata. This decision was in part based on our use Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata, which is expressed in XML, and the desire to keep it in its native form and exploit other technologies built on

  17. A Projection Argument for Differential Inclusions, with Applications to Persistence of Mass-Action Kinetics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoj Gopalkrishnan

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Motivated by questions in mass-action kinetics, we introduce the notion of vertexical family of differential inclusions. Defined on open hypercubes, these families are characterized by particular good behavior under projection maps. The motivating examples are certain families of reaction networks – including reversible, weakly reversible, endotactic, and strongly endotactic reaction networks – that give rise to vertexical families of mass-action differential inclusions. We prove that vertexical families are amenable to structural induction. Consequently, a trajectory of a vertexical family approaches the boundary if and only if either the trajectory approaches a vertex of the hypercube, or a trajectory in a lower-dimensional member of the family approaches the boundary. With this technology, we make progress on the global attractor conjecture, a central open problem concerning mass-action kinetics systems. Additionally, we phrase mass-action kinetics as a functor on reaction networks with variable rates.

  18. Isospin Projected Antisymmetrized Molecular Dynamics and its Application to ${}^{10}$B

    CERN Document Server

    Morita, Hiroyuki

    2016-01-01

    To investigate $pn$ pair correlations in $N=Z=\\textrm{odd}$ nuclei, we develop a new framework based on the generator coordinate method of the $\\beta\\gamma$ constraint antisymmetrized molecular dynamics. In the framework, the isospin projection is performed before the energy variation to obtain the wave function optimized for each isospin. We apply the method to ${}^{10} \\textrm{B}$ and show that it works well to describe coexistence of $T=0$ and $T=1$ states in low-energy spectra. Structures of low-lying states and $pn$ correlations are investigated. Strong $M1$($0^+_1\\rightarrow 1^+_1$) and $E2$($1^+_1\\rightarrow 1^+_2$) transitions are understood by the spin excitation of the $pn$ pair and the rotation of a deformed core, respectively.

  19. The application of integrated safety management principles to the Tritium Extraction Facility project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The DOE has developed a program that is accomplishing a heightened safety posture across the complex. The Integrated Safety Management (ISM) System (ISMS) program utilizes five core functions and seven guiding principles as the basis for implementation. The core functions define the work scope, analyze the hazards, develop and implement hazard controls, perform the work, and provide feedback for improvement. The guiding principles include line management responsibility, clear roles and responsibilities, competence per responsibilities, identification of safety standards/requirements, tailored hazard control, balanced priorities, and operations authorization. There exists an unspecified eighth principle, that is, worker involvement. A program requiring the direct involvement of the employees who are actually performing the work has been shown to be quite an effective method of communicating safety requirements, controlling work in a safe manner, and reducing safety violations and injuries. The Tritium Extraction Facility (TEF) projects, a component of the DOE's Commercial Light Water Reactor Tritium Production program, has taken the ISM principles and core functions and applied them to the project's design. The task of the design team is to design a facility and systems that will meet the production requirements of the DOE tritium mission as well as a design that minimizes the workers' exposure to adverse safety situations and hazards/hazardous materials. During the development of the preliminary design for the TEF, design teams consisted of not only designers but also personnel who had operational experience in the existing tritium and personnel who had operational experience in the existing tritium and personnel who had specialized experience from across the DOE complex. This design team reviewed multiple documents associated with the TEF operation in order to identify and document the hazards associated with the tritium process. These documents include hazards

  20. Projecting Impacts of Uncertain Sea Level Variability and Rise on Coast Groundwater Systems: South Florida Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thenault, F.; Karamperidou, C.; Lall, U.; Engel, V.; Kwon, H.; Obeysekera, J.

    2009-12-01

    Sea level change is a major concern for most coastal areas, with impacts on ecosystems, infrastructure, water supply facilities, and aspects of the socioeconomic structure of coastal communities. A potential impact of sea level changes is salinization of groundwater resources, with the attendant need to relocate water supply facilities on one hand, and to address the consequences on sensitive ecosystems on the other. South Florida epitomizes such concerns, due to the growing population, and the need to protect the Everglades National Park (ENP), where a hydrologic and ecologic restoration project is underway. We postulate that the dynamic fluctuations in sea levels, in addition to the projected anthropogenic rise may be important to assess. There is considerable uncertainty as to how much sea level may rise on average in the 21st century. However, fluctuations in sea level due to natural variability in ocean and atmospheric circulation patterns is evident from the long tidal gauge records in the region. These variations occur at the time scales of synoptic events such as hurricanes, and also at seasonal, inter-annual and decadal time scales. The dynamic response to such fluctuations is important for management of the Everglades ecosystem, where the surface and shallow groundwater systems are tightly coupled, and where the ecosystem structure is very sensitive to salinization, particularly if the baseline sea level keeps increasing. For the deeper groundwater system in the region that is used for water supply, the frequency of chronic salinization as pumping increases in response to population growth is a concern. In this initial work, we parametrically explore the response of the ENP groundwater system to changes in sea level at different time scales, and also to potential scenarios for groundwater pumping, via statistical and numerical modeling.

  1. Production of ultra slow antiprotons, its application to atomic collisions and atomic spectroscopy - ASACUSA project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Atomic Spectroscopy And Collisions Using Slow Antiprotons (ASACUSA) project aims at studying collision dynamics with slow antiprotons and high precision spectroscopy of antiprotonic atoms. To realize these purposes, the production of high quality ultra slow antiproton beams is essential, which is achieved by the combination of antiproton decelerator (AD) from 3 GeV to 5 MeV, a radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) decelerator from 5 MeV to 50 keV, and finally an electromagnetic trap from 50 keV to 10 eV. From the atomic physics point of view, an antiproton is an extremely heavy electron and/or a negatively charged proton, i.e., the antiproton is a unique tool to shed light on collision dynamics from the other side of the world. In addition to this fundamentally important feature, the antiproton has also a big practical advantage, i.e., it annihilates with the target nuclei emitting several energetic pions, which provides high detection efficiency with very good time resolution. Many-body effects which are of great importance to several branches of science will be studied through ionization and antiprotonic atom formation processes under single collision conditions. Various antiprotonic atoms including protonium (p anti-p) are expected to be meta-stable in vacuum, which is never true for those in dense media except for antiprotonic helium. High precision spectroscopy of protonium will for the first time become feasible benefited by this meta-stability. The present review reports briefly the production scheme of ultra slow antiproton beams and several topics proposed in the ASACUSA project

  2. Thermal power systems: Small Power Systems Applications Project. Volume II. Detailed report. Annual technical report, fiscal year 1978

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-01-15

    Small Power Systems Applications activities for FY 1978 are reported. Studies were conducted to address current small power system technology as applied to power plants up to 10 MWe in size. Markets for small power systems were characterized and cost goals were established for the project. Candidate power plant system design concepts were selected for evaluation and preliminary performance and cost assessments were made. Economic studies were conducted at JPL and under contract to Burns and McDonnell. Breakeven capital costs were determined for leading contenders among the candidate systems. An applications study was made of the potential use of small power systems in providing part of the demand for pumping power by the extensive aqueduct system of California, estimated to be 1000 MWe by 1985. Criteria and methodologies were developed for application to the ranking of candidate power plant system design concepts. Experimental power plants concepts of 1 MWe rating were studied by three contractors as a Phase I effort leading toward the definition of a power plant configuration for subsequent detail design, construction, testing and evaluation as Engineering Experiment No. 1 (EE No. 1). Site selection criteria and ground rules for the solicitation of EE No. 1 site participation proposals by DOE were developed.

  3. Thermal Power Systems, Small Power Systems Applications Project. Annual technical report. Volume I. Executive summary, Fiscal Year 1978

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-01-15

    This report is a summary of the SPSA Annual Technical Report. It covers Small Power Systems Applications activities for FY 1978. Studies were conducted to address current small power system technology as applied to power plants up to 10 MWe in size. Markets for small power systems were characterized and cost goals were established for the project. Candidate power plant system design concepts were selected for evaluation and preliminary performance and cost assessments were made. Economic studies were conducted at JPL and under contract to Burns and McDonnell. Breakeven capital costs were determined for leading contenders among the candidate systems. An applications study was made of the potential use of small power systems in providing part of the demand for pumping power by the extensive aqueduct system of California, estimated to be 1000 MWe by 1985. Criteria and methodologies were developed for application to the ranking of candidate power plant system design concepts. Experimental power plants concepts of 1 MWe rating were studied by three contractors as a Phase I effort leading toward the definition of a power plant configuration for subsequent detail design, construction, testing, and evaluation as Engineering Experiment No. 1 (EE No. 1). Site selection criteria and ground rules for the solicitation of EE No. 1 site participation proposals by DOE were developed.

  4. FennoFlakes: a project for identifying flake graphite ores in the Fennoscandian shield and utilizing graphite in different applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palosaari, Jenny; Eklund, O.; Raunio, S.; Lindfors, T.; Latonen, R.-M.; Peltonen, J.; Smått, J.-H.; Kauppila, J.; Lund, S.; Sjöberg-Eerola, P.; Blomqvist, R.; Marmo, J.

    2016-04-01

    Natural graphite is a strategic mineral, since the European Commission stated (Report on critical raw materials for the EU (2014)) that graphite is one of the 20 most critical materials for the European Union. The EU consumed 13% of all flake graphite in the world but produced only 3%, which stresses the demand of the material. Flake graphite, which is a flaky version of graphite, forms under high metamorphic conditions. Flake graphite is important in different applications like batteries, carbon brushes, heat sinks etc. Graphene (a single layer of graphite) can be produced from graphite and is commonly used in many nanotechnological applications, e.g. in electronics and sensors. The steps to obtain pure graphene from graphite ore include fragmentation, flotation and exfoliation, which can be cumbersome and resulting in damaging the graphene layers. We have started a project named FennoFlakes, which is a co-operation between geologists and chemists to fill the whole value chain from graphite to graphene: 1. Exploration of graphite ores (geological and geophysical methods). 2. Petrological and geochemical analyses on the ores. 3. Development of fragmentation methods for graphite ores. 4. Chemical exfoliation of the enriched flake graphite to separate flake graphite into single and multilayer graphene. 5. Test the quality of the produced material in several high-end applications with totally environmental friendly and disposable material combinations. Preliminary results show that flake graphite in high metamorphic areas has better qualities compared to synthetic graphite produced in laboratories.

  5. Hydrothermal research and development assessment. Task Force report: projections for direct-heat applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1982-04-01

    Low and moderate temperature hydrothermal resources suitable for direct-heat applications have been identified in 37 states. The extent to which three resources might be used over the next 20 years were evaluated and the probable impact of Federal programs on hydrothermal resource utilization was assessed. The use types that comprise the bulk of the market were determined. Representative firms and municipalities were interviewed to determine their willingness to use hydrothermal energy, and to determine the investment decision criteria that would influence their actions. (MHR)

  6. State waste discharge permit application: 200 Area Treated Effluent Disposal Facility (Project W-049H)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of the original Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Concent Order negotiations, US DOE, US EPA and the Washington State Department of Ecology agreed that liquid effluent discharges to the ground to the Hanford Site are subject to permitting in the State Waste Discharge Permit Program (SWDP). This document constitutes the SWDP Application for the 200 Area TEDF stream which includes the following streams discharged into the area: Plutonium Finishing Plant waste water; 222-S laboratory Complex waste water; T Plant waste water; 284-W Power Plant waste water; PUREX chemical Sewer; B Plant chemical sewer, process condensate, steam condensate; 242-A-81 Water Services waste water

  7. Drift design methodology and preliminary application for the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Excavation stability in an underground nuclear waste repository is required during construction, emplacement, retrieval (if required), and closure phases to ensure worker health and safety, and to prevent development of potential pathways for radionuclide migration in the post-closure period. Stable excavations are developed by appropriate excavation procedures, design of the room shape, design and installation of rock support reinforcement systems, and implementation of appropriate monitoring and maintenance programs. In addition to the loads imposed by the in situ stress field, the repository drifts will be impacted by thermal loads developed after waste emplacement and, periodically, by seismic loads from naturally occurring earthquakes and underground nuclear events. A priori evaluation of stability is required for design of the ground support system, to confirm that the thermal loads are reasonable, and to support the license application process. In this report, a design methodology for assessing drift stability is presented. This is based on site conditions, together with empirical and analytical methods. Analytical numerical methods are emphasized at this time because empirical data are unavailable for excavations in welded tuff either at elevated temperatures or under seismic loads. The analytical methodology incorporates analysis of rock masses that are systematically jointed, randomly jointed, and sparsely jointed. In situ thermal and seismic loads are considered. Methods of evaluating the analytical results and estimating ground support requirements for all the full range of expected ground conditions are outlines. The results of a preliminary application of the methodology using the limited available data are presented. 26 figs., 55 tabs

  8. Thermal power systems, small power systems application project. Volume 1: Executive summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marriott, A. T.

    1979-01-01

    Current small power system technology as applied to power plants up to 10 MWe in size was assessed. Markets for small power systems were characterized and cost goals were established. Candidate power plant system design concepts were selected for evaluation and preliminary performance and cost assessments were made. Economic studies were conducted and breakeven capital costs were determined for leading contenders among the candidate systems. An application study was made of the potential use of small power systems in providing part of the demand for pumping power by the extensive aqueduct system of California, estimated to be 1000 MWe by 1985. Criteria and methodologies were developed for application to the ranking of candidate power plant system design concepts. Experimental power plants concepts of 1 MWe rating were studied leading toward the definition of a power plant configuration for subsequent detail design, construction, testing and evaluation as Engineering Experiment No. 1 (EE No. 1). Site selection criteria and ground rules for the solicitation of EE No. 1 site participation proposals by DOE were developed.

  9. 76 FR 40905 - Turnagain Arm Tidal Electric Energy Project; Notice of Intent To File License Application, Filing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-12

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Turnagain Arm Tidal Electric Energy Project; Notice of Intent To File...: Turnagain Arm Tidal Energy Corporation. e. Name of Project: Turnagain Arm Tidal Electric Energy Project. f... include on the first page, the project name, Turnagain Arm Tidal Electric Energy Project, and number...

  10. CLEAN-ROADS project: air quality considerations after the application of a novel MDSS on winter road maintenance activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pretto, Ilaria; Malloci, Elisa; Tonidandel, Gabriele; Benedetti, Guido; Di Napoli, Claudia; Piazza, Andrea; Apolloni, Roberto; Cavaliere, Roberto

    2016-04-01

    With this poster we present the environmental benefit on air quality derived by the application of the CLEAN-ROADS pilot project. The CLEAN-ROADS project addresses the problem of the environmental pollution caused by de-icing salts during winter road maintenance activities in the Province of Trento (Italy). A demonstrative Maintenance Decision Support System (MDSS) has been developed in order to improve the intervention procedures of the road management service. Specifically it aims to optimize the efficiency of how available resources (e.g., salt consumption) are currently used while guaranteeing the current level of road safety. The CLEAN-ROADS project has been tested and validated on a test area located in a valley bottom (Adige Valley), where the highest optimization margins are to be expected. The project supports current road maintenance practices, which has proved to be reliable and accurate, with a new scalable and energy-efficient road monitoring system. This system is based on a network of road weather stations (road weather information system, RWIS) installed on the test route. It is capable to collect real-time data about the road conditions and to perform short-term and now-cast road weather forecasts, which actively integrate weather data and bulletins covering the target area [1]. This poster presents the results obtained from a three-year monitoring activity with the aim to (1) determine the impact of de-icing salts on air quality and (2) quantify the improvements obtained by the application of the CLEAN-ROADS project on air quality. The Ambient Air Quality and Cleaner Air for Europe Directive (2008/50/EC) states that contributions to exceedances of particulate matter PM10 limit values that are attributable to road winter salting may be subtracted when assessing compliance with air quality limit values, once provided that reasonable measures have been taken to lower concentrations [2]. As the de-icing salts used in road maintenance are mainly based

  11. Incineration process for chlorinated alpha-contaminated wastes: industrial application to the Valduc project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA) has pursued a broad research and development program for a number of years concerning the incineration of chlorinated α-contaminated wastes produced by work in confined atmosphere. This program has now reached the stage where an alternative solution is available to the conventional direct cement embedding method currently used for such wastes. The proposed solution is based on a two-step incineration process offering a significant volume reduction that constitutes a serious economic advantage for geological disposal. Moreover, the process produces ashes of a quality suitable for direct online vitrification, or for Pu recovery by dissolution with silver II. The process was developed under nonradioactive conditions in the IRIS incineration pilot facility operated by the CEA's Fuel Cycle Division (CEA/DCC), opening the way for the first industrial facility, planned for the VALDUC Research Center. USSI is the prime contractor in this 36-month project. The basic design work has now been completed, and the French safety authorities have authorized construction of the incinerator, based in large part on the experience and expertise acquired by the process licenser CEA/DCC. (author). 6 figs., 3 tabs

  12. Study on applicability of low alkaline cement in Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory project (3) (Contract research)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (Horonobe URL) Project, construction practicality test with HFSC (Highly Flyash contained Silica-fume Cement) is planned in a part of the gallery. Before HFSC is placed in the gallery, it is necessary to check that HFSC has performance as tunnel support under the actual construction. The research results in 2008 were as follows. For liner concrete of shaft in Horonobe URL, 4 types of mix proportion suggested for ordinary concrete and high strength concrete which contains polypropylene fiber or not. As early age strength, 5N/mm2 is required because of concrete formwork. HFSC424 with low water binder ratio can fulfill this requirement in combination with super plasticizer. On laboratory tests in lowering behavior of pH in HFSC concrete, the pH of immersion fluid was measured and components of the immersion fluid and the solid phase were analyzed using test specimens in a long-term immersion test which had been continued since 2003. An experiment which investigates dissolution of HFSC cement hydrates to ground water around Horonobe URL was carried out. According to the experiment, dissolving depth of HFSC is 1/4 compared with the depth of Ordinary Portland Cement hydrates after 90 days. (author)

  13. Maryland Power Plant Siting Project: an application of the ORNL-Land Use Screening Procedure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dobson, J.E.

    1975-01-01

    Since 1974 the Resource Analysis Group in the Regional and Urban Studies Section of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been engaged in developing a procedure for regional and local siting analysis known as the ORNL Land Use Screening Procedure (LUSP). This document is the final report of the Maryland Power Plant Siting Project (MPPSP) in which the ORNL LUSP was used to identify candidate areas for power plant sites in northern Maryland. Numerous candidate areas are identified on the basis of four different siting objectives: the minimization of adverse ecologic impact, the minimization of adverse socioeconomic impact, the minimization of construction and operating costs, and a composite of all siting objectives. Siting criteria have been defined for each of these objectives through group processing techniques administered to four different groups of siting specialists. The siting priorities and opinions of each group have been expressed quantitatively and applied to a geographic information system containing 52 variables for each 91.8-acre cell in the northern eight counties of Maryland.

  14. Expanding the Application of Cassava Value Chain Technologies Through UPoCA Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Braima Dama James

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Cassava can play a key role in rural economic growth in Africa, but are we there yet? Cassava varieties with 50% more yielding potential and technologies to boost processing and marketing of cassava are available. However, the sub-sector is constrained by low productivity and marketing difficulties. In 2008, USAID and IITA initiated the project “Unleashing the Power of Cassava in Response to Food Price Crisis (UPOCA as a multi-country and inter-institutional partnership enabling cassava sub-sectors to realize their full potential in rural economies. By end 2009, small holder beneficiaries associated with 55 partner organizations and 11 agricultural related firms established 306 community cassava stem multiplication sites and root production farms totalling 10,097ha with 58 improved varieties. Through experiential learning, 345 men and 142 women learnt improved techniques in cassava production, processing, product development, and packaging/labelling. The evolving achievements show that a longer-term cassava R4D partnership platform of this nature will enable the sub-sector to contribute significantly to rural economic growth in Africa.

  15. The Two Dimensional Projected Spatial Distribution of Globular Clusters: Method and Application to NGC4261

    CERN Document Server

    D'Abrusco, R; Strader, J; Zezas, A; Mineo, S; Fragos, T; Bonfini, P; Luo, B; Kim, D -W; King, A

    2013-01-01

    We present a new method for the determination of the two-dimensional (2D) projected spatial distribution of globular clusters (GCs) in external galaxies. This method is based on the K-Nearest Neighbor density estimator of Dressler (1980), complemented by MonteCarlo simulations to establish the statistical significance of the results. We apply this method to NGC4261, a "test galaxy" where significant 2D anisotropy in the GC distribution has been reported. We confirm that the 2D distribution of GC is not azimuthally isotropic. Moreover, we demonstrate that the 2D distribution departures from the average GC radial distribution results in highly significant spiral-like or broken shell features. Overall, the same perturbations are found in "red" and "blue" GCs, but with some differences. In particular, we observe a central feature, roughly aligned with the minor axis of NGC4261, composed of red and most luminous GCs. Blue and fainter GCs are more frequent at large radial distances and follow the spiral-like featur...

  16. Double-Parameter Solutions of Projective Riccati Equations and Their Applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of the present paper is twofold. First, the projective Riccati equations (PREs for short) are resolved by means of a linearized theorem, which was known in the literature. Based on the signs and values of coefficients of PREs, the solutions with two arbitrary parameters of PREs can be expressed by the hyperbolic functions, the trigonometric functions, and the rational functions respectively, at the same time the relation between the components of each solution to PREs is also implemented. Second, more new travelling wave solutions for some nonlinear PDEs, such as the Burgers equation, the mKdV equation, the NLS+ equation, new Hamilton amplitude equation, and so on, are obtained by using Sub-ODE method, in which PREs are taken as the Sub-ODEs. The key idea of this method is that the travelling wave solutions of nonlinear PDE can be expressed by a polynomial in two variables, which are the components of each solution to PREs, provided that the homogeneous balance between the higher order derivatives and nonlinear terms in the equation is considered.

  17. MEchatronic REspiratory System SImulator for Neonatal Applications (MERESSINA project: a novel bioengineering goal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scaramuzzo RT

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Rosa T Scaramuzzo,1,2 Massimiliano Ciantelli,1 Ilaria Baldoli,3 Lisa Bellanti,3 Marzia Gentile,1 Francesca Cecchi,3 Emilio Sigali,1 Selene Tognarelli,3 Paolo Ghirri,1–4 Stefano Mazzoleni,3 Arianna Menciassi,3 Armando Cuttano,1 Antonio Boldrini,1–4 Cecilia Laschi,3 Paolo Dario3 1Centro di Formazione e Simulazione Neonatale "NINA," UO Neonatologia, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Pisana, Pisa, Italy; 2Istituto di Scienze della Vita, 3The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy; 4Università di Pisa, Pisa, Italy Abstract: Respiratory function is mandatory for extrauterine life, but is sometimes impaired in newborns due to prematurity, congenital malformations, or acquired pathologies. Mechanical ventilation is standard care, but long-term complications, such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia, are still largely reported. Therefore, continuous medical education is mandatory to correctly manage devices for assistance. Commercially available breathing function simulators are rarely suitable for the anatomical and physiological realities. The aim of this study is to develop a high-fidelity mechatronic simulator of neonatal airways and lungs for staff training and mechanical ventilator testing. The project is divided into three different phases: (1 a review study on respiratory physiology and pathophysiology and on already available single and multi-compartment models; (2 the prototyping phase; and (3 the on-field system validation. Keywords: simulation, lung, newborn, continuous medical education, respiratory system

  18. D Reconstruction and Modeling of Subterranean Landscapes in Collaborative Mining Archeology Projects: Techniques, Applications and Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arles, A.; Clerc, P.; Sarah, G.; Téreygeol, F.; Bonnamour, G.; Heckes, J.; Klein, A.

    2013-07-01

    Mining and underground archaeology are two domains of expertise where three-dimensional data take an important part in the associated researches. Up to now, archaeologists study mines and underground networks from line-plot surveys, cross-section of galleries, and from tool marks surveys. All this kind of information can be clearly recorded back from the field from threedimensional models with a more cautious and extensive approach. Besides, the volumes of the underground structures that are very important data to explain the mining activities are difficult to evaluate from "traditional" hand-made recordings. They can now be calculated more accurately from a 3D model. Finally, reconstructed scenes are a powerful tool as thinking aid to look back again to a structure in the office or in future times. And the recorded models, rendered photo-realistically, can also be used for cultural heritage documentation presenting inaccessible and sometimes dangerous places to the public. Nowadays, thanks to modern computer technologies and highly developed software tools paired with sophisticated digital camera equipment, complex photogrammetric processes are available for moderate costs for research teams. Recognizing these advantages the authors develop and utilize image-based workflows in order to document ancient mining monuments and underground sites as a basis for further historical and archaeological researches, performed in collaborative partnership during recent projects on medieval silver mines and preventive excavations of undergrounds in France.

  19. Observational calibration of the projection factor of Cepheids. II. Application to nine Cepheids with HST/FGS parallax measurements

    CERN Document Server

    Breitfelder, Joanne; Kervella, Pierre; Gallenne, Alexandre; Szabados, Laszlo; Anderson, Richard I; Bouquin, Jean-Baptiste Le

    2016-01-01

    The distance to pulsating stars is classically estimated using the parallax-of-pulsation (PoP) method, which combines spectroscopic radial velocity measurements and angular diameter estimates to derive the distance of the star. An important application of this method is the determination of Cepheid distances, in view of the calibration of their distance scale. However, the conversion of radial to pulsational velocities in the PoP method relies on a poorly calibrated parameter, the projection factor (p-factor). We aim to measure empirically the value of the p-factors of a homogeneous sample of nine Galactic Cepheids for which trigonometric parallaxes were measured with the Hubble Space Telescope Fine Guidance Sensor. We use the SPIPS algorithm, a robust implementation of the PoP method that combines photometry, interferometry, and radial velocity measurements in a global modeling of the pulsation. We obtained new interferometric angular diameters using the PIONIER instrument at the Very Large Telescope Interfe...

  20. Online Adaptive Decision Fusion Framework Based on Entropic Projections onto Convex Sets with Application to Wildfire Detection in Video

    CERN Document Server

    Gunay, Osman; Kose, Kivanc; Cetin, A Enis

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, an Entropy functional based online Adaptive Decision Fusion (EADF) framework is developed for image analysis and computer vision applications. In this framework, it is assumed that the compound algorithm consists of several sub-algorithms each of which yielding its own decision as a real number centered around zero, representing the confidence level of that particular sub-algorithm. Decision values are linearly combined with weights which are updated online according to an active fusion method based on performing entropic projections onto convex sets describing sub-algorithms. It is assumed that there is an oracle, who is usually a human operator, providing feedback to the decision fusion method. A video based wildfire detection system is developed to evaluate the performance of the algorithm in handling the problems where data arrives sequentially. In this case, the oracle is the security guard of the forest lookout tower verifying the decision of the combined algorithm. Simulation results are...

  1. Institute of Electronic Systems in CARE and EuCARD Projects Accelerator and FEL Research, Development and Applications in Europe

    CERN Document Server

    Romaniuk, Ryszard

    2009-01-01

    There are described coordinating actions of the accelerator science in Europe in 2003-2009. The actions embrace basic science, as well as development and applications. The accelerator research was not coordinated in Europe at a global scale but was rather concentrated in a few centers owning large infrastructure. These centers include: CERN, DESY, GSI, INFN, LAL, PSI etc. Such coordinating actions enable a lot of positive processes including new possibilities for research centers in this country. It is much easier for them to extend, deepen or even start from the beginning their activities in the field of the accelerator technology. This field includes also free electron lasers. There are described two European framework projects CARE and EuCARD on accelerator technology, their extent and the participation of ISE WUT in them.

  2. The Development of a 2000L Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber and its Application to the Search for Proton Decay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Ming

    A new type of particle detector, the liquid argon time projection chamber, is developed and systematically tested using cosmic ray muons with a three ton prototype. The main technical problems, such as the liquid argon purity, wire chamber configuration, low noise electronics, and their long term stability, are solved after two years of run. Most of the basic parameters associated with the liquid argon TPC technology, the charge drift velocity, the spatial resolution, charge recombination and diffusion, are extracted. In order to apply this technique to solar neutrino physics, a measurement of the intrinsive radioactive Ar^{42} was performed and the results are compatible with current limits. An application to the search for proton decay with the liquid argon TPC technique is studied and some preliminary results are reported.

  3. Characterization of new focus projection and scan (FPS) vidicons for scientific imaging applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several new photoconductors now commercially available as targets in Type 7803 Focus Production and Scan (FPS) electrostatically focused vidicons are characterized for use as radiometric sensors in transient illumination and single frame applications. These include Saticon (Se + As + Te), Newvicon (AnSe), Pasecon (CdSe), and Plumbicon (PbO). Samples from several domestic and foreign manufacturers evaluated for photoconductive response time and responsivity at selected narrow wavelength bands, including 410 nm, 560 nm, and 822 nm. These data are compared with performance data from older target materials including Sb2S3 and silicon. The effect of bias lighting on sensitivity and transfer curve slopes for single-event pulsed light stimulas are presented. Dynamic range and saturation limits as functions of beam aperture, target voltage, and filament current are also discussed

  4. The structure of conceptual models with application to the Aespoe HRL project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In performance assessment a sequence of models is used to describe the function of the geological barrier. This report proposes a general structure and terminology for description of these models. A model description consists of the following components: A conceptual model which defines the geometric framework in which the problem is solved, the dimensions of the modelled volume, descriptions of the processes included in the model, and the boundary conditions; Data which are introduced into the conceptual model, and a mathematical or numerical tool used to produce output data. Contradictory to common practice in geohydrologic modelling it is proposed that the term conceptual model is restricted to define in what way the model is constructed, and that this is separated from any specific application of the conceptual model. Hence, the conceptual model should not include any specific data. 5 refs, 2 figs, 4 tabs

  5. Applications of ECH on the DIII-D tokamak and projections for future ECH upgrades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solomon W.M.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Electron Cyclotron Heating and Current Drive plays an important role in the DIII-D program. In high performance discharges EC power contributes greatly to MHD stability, and this is particularly important for discharges with low rotational torque applied, as will be the case for ITER. Off-axis EC current drive also plays a key role in the actualization of steady-state scenarios by supporting the desired current profile. In order to carry out these applications at higher beta and higher field, an upgrade of the EC power to 15 MW is needed, and the best gyrotron frequency for the DIII-D program is 117.5 GHz.

  6. Application of Low-Cost Digital Elevation Models to Detect Change in Forest Carbon Sequestration Projects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kenneth Glenn MacDicken

    2007-07-31

    This two-year study evaluated advanced multispectral digital imagery applications for assessment of forest carbon stock change. A series of bench and field studies in North Carolina and Ohio tested aerial assessments of forest change between two time periods using two software packages (ERDAS and TERREST) for Digital Elevation Model (DEM) creation, automated classification software (eCognition) for canopy segmentation and a multiple ranging laser designed to improve quality of elevation data. Results of the DEM software comparison showed that while TERREST has the potential to produce much higher resolution DEM than ERDAS, it is unable to resolve crucial canopy features adequately. Lab tests demonstrated that additional laser data improves image registration and Z-axis DEM quality. Data collected in the field revealed difficult challenges in correctly modeling the location of laser strike and subsequently determining elevations in both software packages. Automated software segmentation of tree canopies provided stem diameter and biomass carbon estimates that were within 3% of comparable ground based estimates in the Ohio site and produced similar biomass estimates for a limited number of plots in the Duke forest. Tree height change between time periods and canopy segmentation from multispectral imagery allowed calculation of forest carbon stock change at costs that are comparable to those for ground-based methods. This work demonstrates the potential of lower cost imagery systems enhanced with laser data to collect high quality imagery and paired laser data for forestry and environmental applications. Additional research on automated canopy segmentation and multi-temporal image registration is needed to refine these methods for commercial use.

  7. Safety assessment methodologies and their application in development of near surface waste disposal facilities - the ASAM project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The scope of ASAM project covers near surface disposal facilities for all types of low and intermediate level wastes with emphasis of the post-closure safety assessment.The objectives are to explore practical application to a range of disposal facilities for a number of purposes e.g. development of design concepts, safety re-assessment, upgrading safety and to develop practical approaches to assist regulators, operators and other experts in review of safety assessment. The task of the Co-ordination Group are: reassessment of existing facilities - use of safety assessment in decision making on selection of options (volunteer site Hungary); disused sealed sources - evaluation of disposability of disused sealed sources in near surface facilities (volunteer site Saratov, Russia); mining and minerals processing waste - evaluation of long-term safety (volunteer site pmc S. Africa). An agreement on the scope and objectives of the project are reached and the further consideration, such as human intrusion/institutional control/security; waste from oil/gas industry; very low level waste; categorization of sealed sources coordinated with other IAEA activities are outlined

  8. The STABALID project: Risk analysis of stationary Li-ion batteries for power system applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work presents a risk analysis performed to stationary Li-ion batteries within the framework of the STABALID project. The risk analysis had as main objective analysing the variety of hazards and dangerous situations that might be experienced by the battery during its life cycle and providing useful information on how to prevent or manage those undesired events. The first task of the risk analysis was the identification of all the hazards (or risks) that may arise during the battery life cycle. Afterwards, the hazards identified were mapped in the different stages of the battery life cycle and two analyses were performed for each stage: an internal problem analysis and an external peril analysis. For both, the dangerous phenomena and the undesirable events resulting from each hazard was evaluated in terms of probability of occurrence and severity. Then, a risk assessment was carried out according to a predefined risk matrix and a preliminary set of risk mitigation measures were proposed to reduce their probability of occurrence and/or their severity level. The results obtained show that it is possible to reduce the probability of occurrence/severity of all the risks associated to the battery life cycle to acceptable or tolerable levels. - Highlights: • Methodology for a detailed risk analysis of stationary Li-ion batteries. • Various hazards and dangerous situations are analysed with high detail. • Useful information on how to prevent or manage the undesired events is provided. • Measures to reduce probability of occurrence/severity of the risks are presented

  9. IEC activities in Mexfam's programs: an application of the integrated project's philosophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez Juarez, A; Rodriguez R, G

    1986-11-01

    An organized effort to promote family planning in Mexico began in 1965. The Mexican Foundation for Family Planning (MEXFAM), was pioneering organization in this social effort. Since 1974, the Mexican Government has taken an active role in family planning and promoting its practive through the mass media. Success has been achieved because of the existing cultural and socioeconomic conditions which made birth control acceptable. Today, over 50% of Mexican women of reproductive age practice family planning. Those who do not practice family planning have adverse or indifferent attitudes toward it. The MEXFAM has successfully developed an integrated project which associates family planning with the control of parasite infection, nutrition and maternal and child care through community health education. MEXFAM emphasizes the importance of education. The IEC activities are based on the concept that communication among human beings is a dynamic process. Messages are developed in light of the changes which are likely to be produced in the consciences of different social groups. 3 basic types of messages will be formed: those dealing with the integrated concept of family planning; those dealing with the desired child; and those dealing with the life plan. MEXFAM directs its IEC activities towards the following groups: community leaders and leaders of other situations; professionals and technicians in family planning; poor families in both urban and rural areas; urban youth; and men. The MEXFAM uses intergroup educational media and local mass media. Family planning today tries to illustrate, motivate, and raise the consciousness of people and achieve humanist ideals of well-being. PMID:12314460

  10. The Development and Hover Test Application of a Projection Moire Interferometry Blade Displacement Measurement System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sekula, Martin K.

    2012-01-01

    Projection moir interferometry (PMI) was employed to measure blade deflections during a hover test of a generic model-scale rotor in the NASA Langley 14x22 subsonic wind tunnel s hover facility. PMI was one of several optical measurement techniques tasked to acquire deflection and flow visualization data for a rotor at several distinct heights above a ground plane. Two of the main objectives of this test were to demonstrate that multiple optical measurement techniques can be used simultaneously to acquire data and to identify and address deficiencies in the techniques. Several PMI-specific technical challenges needed to be addressed during the test and in post-processing of the data. These challenges included developing an efficient and accurate calibration method for an extremely large (65 inch) height range; automating the analysis of the large amount of data acquired during the test; and developing a method to determinate the absolute displacement of rotor blades without a required anchor point measurement. The results indicate that the use of a single-camera/single-projector approach for the large height range reduced the accuracy of the PMI system compared to PMI systems designed for smaller height ranges. The lack of the anchor point measurement (due to a technical issue with one of the other measurement techniques) limited the ability of the PMI system to correctly measure blade displacements to only one of the three rotor heights tested. The new calibration technique reduced the data required by 80 percent while new post-processing algorithms successfully automated the process of locating rotor blades in images, determining the blade quarter chord location, and calculating the blade root and blade tip heights above the ground plane.

  11. Applicability of EPRI Decommissioning Pre-Planning Manual to International Decommissioning Projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Industry models for planning the efficient decommissioning of a nuclear power plant continue to evolve. Effective planning is a key to cost control, a critical aspect of decommissioning. In 2001, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) published the 'Decommissioning Pre-Planning Manual', referred to as the 'Manual'. The goal of the Manual was to develop a framework for use in pre-planning the decommissioning of a nuclear power plant. The original research was based on information collected during the active decommissioning of power reactors in New England, and the ongoing decommissioning planning of another reactor still in operation. The research team identified thirty-two (32) major Decommissioning Tasks that support the strategic and tactical planning that can be conducted in advance of plant shutdown. The Decommissioning Tasks were organized in a logical sequence of execution, and sorted in common discipline groupings. Owners of U.S. nuclear plants that have shut down prematurely during the past 5 years have found the EPRI Decommissioning Pre-Planning Manual useful in developing their transition plans from an operating to shutdown facility. Concurrently, during the past 15 years, the IAEA has published numerous technical and safety reports on nuclear reactor decommissioning planning and execution. IAEA's goal is to provide its global members with useful and timely guidance for the planning and execution of nuclear decommissioning projects. This information has been used extensively by international nuclear plant operators. One of the key objectives will be to develop a road-map linking the 32 EPRI Decommissioning Tasks with the comparable (or equivalent) topics covered in the IAEA library of decommissioning knowledge. The logical and convenient structure of the Manual will be cross-referenced to the IAEA topics to aid in organizing the development of decommissioning plans. The road-map will serve to provide a basis for improved

  12. Fort Nelson electrical generation project : British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority and TransAlta Energy Corporation Fort Nelson Electrical Generation Project : Report and recommendations of the Fort Nelson Electrical Generation Project Committee with respect to a decision on a project approval certificate application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority (BC Hydro) and TransAlta Energy Corp. (TransAlta) have applied for a certificate of approval for the proposed construction of the Fort Nelson Energy Generation Project (FNEGP). The project will involve the design, construction, operation, dismantling and abandonment of a 45 MW combustion turbine power plant about 20 km south of Fort Nelson near Westcoast Energy`s gas plant. The proposed project will provide base load power to the town of Fort Nelson which now receives its electricity from Rainbow Lake, Alberta. Once FNEGP is operational, the standby diesel power plant in Fort Nelson will be decommissioned. The main issues raised during the review of the project were the potential impacts on air quality, water supply and waste management. It was determined that it is unlikely that the project will result in any significant negative impacts on terrestrial ecology, wildlife or aquatic life. The project would likely provide greenhouse gas offsets, since it would replace electricity from the Alberta Power Pool which is derived mostly from coal-fired thermal sources. Wastewater discharges from the project will be accommodated by Westcoast Energy`s wastewater treatment system. The proposed disposal of solid wastes and handling of special wastes was also found to be acceptable. Although there will be few opportunities for spills, the proponents have agreed to prepare an emergency response plan for use in the event of reportable spills. The socio-economic implications of the project are mostly positive with any negative impacts being minor in nature. Based on its review of the application the Project Committee recommended issuance of an approval certificate.

  13. Linking mathematics with engineering applications at an early stage - implementation, experimental set-up and evaluation of a pilot project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rooch, Aeneas; Junker, Philipp; Härterich, Jörg; Hackl, Klaus

    2016-03-01

    Too difficult, too abstract, too theoretical - many first-year engineering students complain about their mathematics courses. The project MathePraxis aims to resolve this disaffection. It links mathematical methods as they are taught in the first semesters with practical problems from engineering applications - and thereby shall give first-year engineering students a vivid and convincing impression of where they will need mathematics in their later working life. But since real applications usually require more than basic mathematics and first-year engineering students typically are not experienced with construction, mensuration and the use of engineering software, such an approach is hard to realise. In this article, we show that it is possible. We report on the implementation of MathePraxis at Ruhr-Universität Bochum. We describe the set-up and the implementation of a course on designing a mass damper which combines basic mathematical techniques with an impressive experiment. In an accompanying evaluation, we have examined the students' motivation relating to mathematics. This opens up new perspectives how to address the need for a more practically oriented mathematical education in engineering sciences.

  14. Study on applicability of low alkaline cement in Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory project (Contract research)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Horonobe Underground Research Center, construction of underground facility began in 2005 and in-situ experiment using the low alkaline cement: HFSC (Highly Fly-ash contained Silica-fume Cement) is planned in a part of the gallery. Before the experiment will be constructed in the gallery, it is necessary to check that the HFSC has performance as tunnel support under the actual construction. The main work in 2007 is making a detailed the plan of the in-situ experiment, that is scheduled after 2008 and laboratory tests on lowering behavior of pH in the HFSC concrete were conducted. On the construction practicality experiment with low alkaline concrete, HFSC in-situ experiment plan was studied in case using HSFC424N as shotcrete. The aims of the experiment are the validation in applicability of low alkaline concrete as a support member for underground opening in the realistic geological environment and building the method to evaluate influence to the surrounding geological environment. The location of the in-situ test is in the connection tunnel of a depth of 140m and the geology is the Koetoi formation. The period of the test is approximately 10 years. The test plan was designed to be able to make a comparison with Ordinary Portland Cement. As it is necessary to confirm the strength property of the HFSC concrete with materials produced at construction site, strength of the base concrete using local procured fine aggregate and coarse aggregate based on the result of the selection of mix proportion in 2005 research was checked. On laboratory tests on lowering behavior of pH in HFSC concrete, the pH of immersion fluid was measured and components of the immersion fluid and the solid phase were analyzed using test specimens in a long-term immersion test which had been continued since 2005. (author)

  15. FROM THE CONTINUOS TO THE DISCRETE MODEL: A LASER SCANNING APPLICATION TO CONSERVATION PROJECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Cardaci

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to demonstrate the usage of laser scanning (in particular through a methodology based on the integrated use of the software "FARO© Scene" and "GEXCEL JRC-3D Reconstructor" as a valid alternative to traditional surveying techniques, especially when finalized to the restoration and conservation repair of historical buildings. The need to recreate the complex and often irregular shapes of the ancient architecture, by acting quickly and also being accurate, as well as the subsequent implementation of FEM (Finite Element Method for structural analysis, have made nowadays the laser scanning survey a very useful technique. The point cloud obtained by laser scanning can be a flexible tool for every need; not a finished product, but a huge database from which it is possible to extract different information at different times. The use of numerical methods in data processing allows wide opportunities of further investigations starting from the fitting equations. The numerical model lends by itself to the possibility of usage in many applications, such as modelization and structure analysis software. This paper presents the case study of the Church of the Assumption and Saint Michael the Archangel, located in Borgo di Terzo (Italy, a magnificent 18th century's building that presented several structural problems like as the overturning of the façade, the cracking of part of the vaulted ceiling. The survey, carried out by laser scanner (FARO© Photon 120 allowed the reconstruction of the exact geometry of the church, offering the basis for performing structural analysis supported by a realistic model (and not an idealized regular one, useful also in the design of repair interventions.

  16. Web Project Management

    OpenAIRE

    Suralkar, Sunita; Joshi, Nilambari; B. B. Meshram

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes about the need for Web project management, fundamentals of project management for web projects: what it is, why projects go wrong, and what's different about web projects. We also discuss Cost Estimation Techniques based on Size Metrics. Though Web project development is similar to traditional software development applications, the special characteristics of Web Application development requires adaption of many software engineering approaches or even development of comple...

  17. Integrated Approach to Dense Magnetized Plasmas Applications in Nuclear Fusion Technology. Report of a Coordinated Research Project 2007-2011

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Through its coordinated research activities, the IAEA promotes the development and application of nuclear technologies in Member States. The scientific and technical knowledge required for the construction and operation of large nuclear fusion research facilities, including ITER and the Laser Megajoule in France, and the Z machine and the National Ignition Facility in the United States of America, necessitates several accompanying research and development programmes in physics and technology. This is particularly true in the areas of materials science and fusion technology. Hence, the long standing IAEA effort to conduct coordinated research projects (CRPs) in these areas is aimed at: (i) the development of appropriate technical tools to investigate the issue of materials damage and degradation in a fusion plasma environment; and (ii) the emergence of a knowledge based understanding of the various processes underlying materials damage and degradation, thereby leading to the identification of suitable candidate materials fulfilling the stringent requirements of a fusion environment in any next step facility. Dense magnetized plasma (DMP) devices serve as a first test bench for testing of fusion relevant plasma facing materials, diagnostic development and calibration, technologies and scaling to conceptual principles of larger devices while sophisticated testing facilities such as the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF) are being designed. The CRP on Integrated Approach to Dense Magnetized Plasmas Applications in Nuclear Fusion Technology described herein was initiated in 2007 with the participation of 12 research institutions in 8 Member States and was concluded in 2011. It was designed with specific research objectives falling into two main categories: support to mainstream fusion research and development of DMP technology. This publication is a compilation of the individual reports submitted by the 12 CRP participants. These reports discuss

  18. Solar Thermal Power Systems Point-Focusing Thermal and Electric Applications Project. Annual technical report. Volume II. Detailed report, fiscal year 1979

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-01-15

    The main technical activities of the Point-Focusing Thermal and Electric Applications (PFTEA) Project in FY 1979 are documented. During the course of the year, the project's name was changed. It had been the Small Power Systems Applications Project. The present name denotes a realignment of the project's charter and reflects two significant changes: (1) technologies considered will be restricted to point-focusing distributed receiver systems, and (2) the project will be responsible for both thermal and electric applications. This report (Volume II) is a detailed compilation of key activities and results for FY 1979. During FY 1979 significant progress was made in the first engineering experiment, the Small Community Solar Thermal Power Experiment (SCSE), with the completion of the concept definition phase in which three contractors participated - each pursuing a different technology. The PFDR approach with distributed energy conversion (i.e., engine at the focus) was selected as the preferred technology for this first experiment. Procurement activities began in FY 1979 for the Military Module Power Experiment, the first of a series of experiments planned as part of the Isolated Load Series. Both this experiment and the SCSE are discussed in detail. (WHK)

  19. The Power Reactor Information System (PRIS) and its extension to non-electrical applications, decommissioning and delayed projects information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the past four decades nuclear power has played a significant role in the generation of electricity: nuclear power currently provides 16% of worldwide electricity production. At the end of 2004 there were 441 operating nuclear reactors worldwide, with a total installed capacity of 367 GW(e), representing more than 10 000 years of accumulated operating experience. Information and data on nuclear power plants worldwide have been collected by the IAEA practically since its establishment. Starting in 1970, operating experience data in addition to basic information and design data have been collected and published in annual reports. In order to facilitate analyses of power plant performance as well as to produce relevant publications, all previously collected data were computerized in 1980, and the Power Reactor Information System (PRIS) was put into operation. The IAEA's Power Reactor Information System (PRIS) contains detailed information on nuclear power plants worldwide since their start of commercial operation. It covers a broad range of information, including reactor design characteristics, plant general specifications and operating experience data. PRIS covers the largest amount of worldwide statistical information on operating experience, and although there are other similar databases in existence, it is considered to be the most complete and authoritative source of statistical data on the subject. The IAEA is also currently collecting information on the decommissioning of nuclear power plants, and a project has been started to collect information on delayed plants. Two types of information are held in PRIS: (a) Plant specification data, including information on identification and on basic design characteristics; (b) Plant performance data, including information on production, outages and non-electrical applications. This report gives a complete description of the elements of PRIS. It provides guidance for both data entry and retrieval of information from the

  20. An Application of Project-Based Learning on the Development of Young Local Tour Guides on Tai Phuan's Culture and Tourist Attractions in Sisatchanalai District, Sukhothai Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerdpol, Sakon

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents an investigation of a research entitled, " An Application of Project-based Learning on the Development of Young Local Tour Guides on Tai Phuan's Culture and Tourist Attractions in Sisatchanalai District, Sukhothai Province. It was intended to develop young local tour guides on Tai Phuan's culture and tourist attractions in…

  1. The Text of the Instrument connected with the Agency's Assistance to the United Arab Republic in Establishing a Project for Training and Medical Applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Agreement between the Agency and the Government of the United Arab Republic in connection with the Agency's assistance to that Government in establishing a project for training and medical applications of atomic energy is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members

  2. Application of finance project for leverage of small size hydroelectric enterprising; Aplicacao do project finance para alavancagem de empreendimentos hidreletricos de pequeno porte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Silvana dos

    2003-07-01

    In the same way that the majority of the countries, project financing of substructure in Brazil, in project finance modality, depend on a skillful structure of guaranties and contracts to become possible. In the case of projects of centrals of generation of electrical energy, that financial engineering becomes still more complicated. In Brazil, due to particularities of the sectors of electricity, the arrangements of guaranties requested but creditors pass to present levels of complexity and exigency well elevated. The contractual appliances that give support to the project finance, originally projected to developed countries, request an extreme adaptation to these particularities. The development of Brazil is directly related to its capacity in expanding the offer of electric energy in the just measure of the national necessity. In this context, the small central hydroelectric (PCH's) represent, actually, an efficient and fast form to complete the offer of energy in such a way to supply the crescent demand the national market. For its characteristics, that type of undertaking can be developed by small manager, from among which are the owners of the areas in which on can find these hydraulic potentials which, however they do not dispose of capital to integral raising. These undertakings are tasks, normally, of low global cost, at the rate of US$ 1.000,00/k W, and of a smaller ambient impact, compared to the return that they give to the enterprise and to the Brazilian electric system as a whole, by having to receive special attention in the planned politics to the sector and to merit a series of incentives to become business still more attractive. By thinking in the found difficulty by small enterprises in rising undertakings of generation of electric energy of small port through the convectional mechanisms of financing is being proposed in that work a well-founded methodology in the concepts of the modality of financing project finance. (author)

  3. Performance Evaluation and Field Application of Porous Vegetation Concrete Made with By-Product Materials for Ecological Restoration Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hwang-Hee Kim

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of porous vegetation concrete block made from blast furnace slag cement containing industrial by-products such as blast furnace slag aggregate and powder. The blocks were tested for void ratio, compressive strength and freeze-thaw resistance to determine the optimal mixing ratio for the porous vegetation block. An economic analysis of the mixing ratio showed that the economic efficiency increased when blast furnace slag aggregate and cement were used. Porous vegetation concrete blocks for river applications were designed and produced. Hydraulic safety, heavy metal elution and vegetation tests were completed after the blocks were applied in the field. The measured tractive force ranged between 7.0 kg/m2 for fascine revetment (vegetation revetment and 16.0 kg/m2 for stone pitching (hard revetment, which ensured sufficient hydraulic stability in the field. Plant growth was measured after the porous vegetation concrete block was placed in the field. Seeds began to sprout one week after seeding; after six weeks, the plant length exceeded 300 mm. The average coverage ratio reached as high as 90% after six weeks of vegetation. These results clearly indicated that the porous vegetation concrete block was suitable for environmental restoration projects.

  4. Statistical emulation of streamflow projections from a distributed hydrological model: Application to CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate projections for British Columbia, Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnorbus, Markus A.; Cannon, Alex J.

    2014-11-01

    A recent hydrological impacts study in British Columbia, Canada, used an ensemble of 23 climate change simulations to assess potential future changes in streamflow. These Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 3 (CMIP3) simulations were statistically downscaled and used to drive the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) hydrology model over several watersheds. Due to computational restrictions, the 23 member VIC ensemble is a subset of the full 136 member CMIP3 archive. Extending the VIC ensemble to cover the full range of uncertainty represented by CMIP3, and incorporating the latest generation CMIP5 ensembles, poses a considerable computing challenge. Thus, we extend the VIC ensemble using a computationally efficient statistical emulation model, which approximates the combined output of the two-step process of statistical downscaling and hydrologic modeling, trained with the 23 member VIC ensemble. Regularized multiple linear regression links projected changes in monthly temperature and precipitation with projected changes in monthly streamflow over the Fraser and Peace River watersheds. Following validation, the statistical emulator is forced with the full suite of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate change projections. The 23 member VIC ensemble has a smaller spread than the full ensemble; however, both ensembles provide the same consensus estimate of monthly streamflow change. Qualitatively, CMIP5 shows a similar streamflow response as CMIP3 for snow-dominated hydrologic regimes. However, by end-century, the CMIP5 worst-case RCP8.5 has a larger impact than CMIP3 A2. This work also underscores the advantage of using emulation to rapidly identify those future extreme projections that may merit further study using more computationally demanding process-based methods.

  5. EpiCollect+: linking smartphones to web applications for complex data collection projects [v1; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/3vk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David M. Aanensen

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Previously, we have described the development of the generic mobile phone data gathering tool, EpiCollect, and an associated web application, providing two-way communication between multiple data gatherers and a project database. This software only allows data collection on the phone using a single questionnaire form that is tailored to the needs of the user (including a single GPS point and photo per entry, whereas many applications require a more complex structure, allowing users to link a series of forms in a linear or branching hierarchy, along with the addition of any number of media types accessible from smartphones and/or tablet devices (e.g., GPS, photos, videos, sound clips and barcode scanning. A much enhanced version of EpiCollect has been developed (EpiCollect+. The individual data collection forms in EpiCollect+ provide more design complexity than the single form used in EpiCollect, and the software allows the generation of complex data collection projects through the ability to link many forms together in a linear (or branching hierarchy. Furthermore, EpiCollect+ allows the collection of multiple media types as well as standard text fields, increased data validation and form logic. The entire process of setting up a complex mobile phone data collection project to the specification of a user (project and form definitions can be undertaken at the EpiCollect+ website using a simple ‘drag and drop’ procedure, with visualisation of the data gathered using Google Maps and charts at the project website. EpiCollect+ is suitable for situations where multiple users transmit complex data by mobile phone (or other Android devices to a single project web database and is already being used for a range of field projects, particularly public health projects in sub-Saharan Africa. However, many uses can be envisaged from education, ecology and epidemiology to citizen science.

  6. Dependency Analysis Guidance. Nordic/German Working Group on Common cause Failure analysis. Phase 1 project report: Comparisons and application to test cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report is part of the reporting from the European Working Group on CCF analysis (EWG), including members from Finland, Germany and Sweden. The project is planned in two phases with a reporting and progress evaluation before initiation of the second phase. Phase 1: Comparisons and application to test cases (2006). Phase 2: Development of harmonized approach and applications (2007). This report summarizes the work during the 1st phase of the project, which included the following main tasks: Task 1: Survey of databases, Task 2: Survey of methods for classification and quantification of CCF-events and description of these methods. Task 3: Classify events for application, using different approaches as recommended above. Task 4: Draw conclusions for harmonization

  7. Application of geographical information system to site selection of small run-of-river hydropower project by considering engineering/economic/environmental criteria and social impact

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rojanamon, Pannathat; Chaisomphob, Taweep [School of Civil Engineering and Technology, Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University, Rangsit campus, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12121 (Thailand); Bureekul, Thawilwadee [King Prajadhipok' s Institute, 47/101, Tiwanon Road, Taladkwan Subdistrict, Muang District, Nonthaburi 11000 (Thailand)

    2009-12-15

    In the process of site selection of a small run-of-river hydropower project in Thailand, some problems are addressed as follows: the accessibility of the possible sites which are mostly located in rural and mountainous areas, the large amount of data required, and the lack of participation of the local people living nearby. In order to cope with these problems, this study proposes a new method to select feasible sites of small run-of-river hydropower projects by using Geographic Information System (GIS) technology. A combination of engineering, economic, and environmental criteria, as well as social impact is employed in this study. The selected study area is the upper Nan river basin situated in the north of Thailand. For the engineering criteria, the project locations are found by GIS in visual basic platform, and then economic evaluations of the selected projects are performed. Next, the environmental parameters are used to rank the projects by total weighted scores. Finally, a social impact study at the potential sites is conducted based on the public participation process, i.e. questionnaire survey and focus group discussions. The applicability of the proposed method is verified by the results of site selection of the small hydropower projects located on the Nan river basin in Thailand. This case study can be the model for the process of site selection of similar projects. (author)

  8. Law project for the application of additional protocol to the agreement between France and the atomic energy european community and the international atomic energy agency relative to the application of guaranties in France, signed at Vienna the 22 september 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This law project aims to allow the application of the additional protocol. This protocol plans the transmission, by France, to IAEA of defined information. These information concern materials and nuclear activities non declared by States not owning the nuclear weapon. (A.L.B.)

  9. An Application Example Analysis of Quality Assurance Program for STELLA(Sodium Integral Effect Test Loop for Safety Simulation and Assessment) Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    KAERI has been conducting various basic R and D activities in the field of nuclear technology. In addition, KAERI is now participating in the Generation IV International Forum (GIF), preparing for the development of key technologies for Generation IV nuclear energy system, including Sodium cooled Fast Reactor (SFR) development. All of the key technologies for SFR development need an appropriate level of QA activities to achieve the GIF safety and performance objectives. Therefore, QA activities have been conducted as an essential part of the national SFR project. As a result, QAM (Quality Assurance Manual) and QAP (Quality Assurance Procedures) have been developed for the SFR project, which are based on ASME NQA-1, KEPIC QAP and the GIF Quality Management System Guidelines. In this work, the introduction background and application examples of the QA program for the STELLA project were investigated. Application of the QA for the STELLA project has great significance because the QA has been mainly applied for the nuclear power plant area in operation, which helps ensure the reliability of the test data and completeness of the research performance. Nevertheless, developing more appropriate QA procedures remains a major task because some parts of them are not applicable to the Na-experiment

  10. An Application Example Analysis of Quality Assurance Program for STELLA(Sodium Integral Effect Test Loop for Safety Simulation and Assessment) Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Minhwan; Gam, Dayoung; Eoh, Jae-Hyuk; Jeong, Ji-Young [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-05-15

    KAERI has been conducting various basic R and D activities in the field of nuclear technology. In addition, KAERI is now participating in the Generation IV International Forum (GIF), preparing for the development of key technologies for Generation IV nuclear energy system, including Sodium cooled Fast Reactor (SFR) development. All of the key technologies for SFR development need an appropriate level of QA activities to achieve the GIF safety and performance objectives. Therefore, QA activities have been conducted as an essential part of the national SFR project. As a result, QAM (Quality Assurance Manual) and QAP (Quality Assurance Procedures) have been developed for the SFR project, which are based on ASME NQA-1, KEPIC QAP and the GIF Quality Management System Guidelines. In this work, the introduction background and application examples of the QA program for the STELLA project were investigated. Application of the QA for the STELLA project has great significance because the QA has been mainly applied for the nuclear power plant area in operation, which helps ensure the reliability of the test data and completeness of the research performance. Nevertheless, developing more appropriate QA procedures remains a major task because some parts of them are not applicable to the Na-experiment.

  11. Web application to access U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Civil Works and Restoration Projects information for the Rio Grande Basin, southern Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Archuleta, Christy-Ann M.; Eames, Deanna R.

    2009-01-01

    The Rio Grande Civil Works and Restoration Projects Web Application, developed by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Albuquerque District, is designed to provide publicly available information through the Internet about civil works and restoration projects in the Rio Grande Basin. Since 1942, USACE Albuquerque District responsibilities have included building facilities for the U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force, providing flood protection, supplying water for power and public recreation, participating in fire remediation, protecting and restoring wetlands and other natural resources, and supporting other government agencies with engineering, contracting, and project management services. In the process of conducting this vast array of engineering work, the need arose for easily tracking the locations of and providing information about projects to stakeholders and the public. This fact sheet introduces a Web application developed to enable users to visualize locations and search for information about USACE (and some other Federal, State, and local) projects in the Rio Grande Basin in southern Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas.

  12. Final Report for completed IPP-0110 and 0110A Projects: 'High Energy Ion Technology of Interfacial Thin Film Coatings for Electronic, Optical and Industrial Applications'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The DOE-supported IPP (Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention) Project, IPP-0110, and its accompanying 'add-on project' IPP-0110A, entitled 'High Energy Ion Technology of Interfacial Thin Film Coatings for Electronic, Optical and Industrial Applications' was a collaborative project involving the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) as the U.S. DOE lab; the US surface modification company, Phygen, Inc., as the US private company involved; and the High Current Electronics Institute (HCEI) of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk, Siberia, Russia, as the NIS Institute involved. Regular scientific research progress meetings were held to which personnel came from all participating partners. The meetings were held mostly at the Phygen facilities in Minneapolis, Minnesota (with Phygen as host) with meetings also held at Tomsk, Russia (HCEI as host), and at Berkeley, California (LBNL as host) In this way, good exposure of all researchers to the various different laboratories involved was attained. This report contains the Final Reports (final deliverables) from the Russian Institute, HCEI. The first part is that for IPP-0110A (the 'main part' of the overall project) and the second part is that for the add-on project IPP-0110A. These reports are detailed, and contain all aspects of all the research carried out. The project was successful in that all deliverables as specified in the proposals were successfully developed, tested, and delivered to Phygen. All of the plasma hardware was designed, made and tested at HCEI, and the performance was excellent. Some of the machine and performance parameters were certainly of 'world class'. The goals and requirements of the IPP Project were well satisfied. I would like to express my gratitude to the DOE IPP program for support of this project throughout its entire duration, and for the unparalleled opportunity thereby provided for all of the diverse participants in the project to join in this collaborative research. The

  13. Application of the integral code MELCOR for German NPPs and use within accident management and PSA projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper summarizes the application of MELCOR to German NPPS with PWR and BWR. A development of different code systems like ATHLET/ATHLET-CD, COCOSYS and ASTEC is done as well at GRS but it is not discussed in this paper. GRS has been using MELCOR since 1990 for real plant calculations. The results of MELCOR analyses are used mainly in PSA level 2 studies and in Accident Management projects for both types of NPPs. MELCOR has been a very useful and robust tool for these analyses. The calculations performed within the PSA level 2 studies for both types of German NPPs have shown that typical severe accident scenarios are characterized by several phases and that the consideration of plant specifics are important not only for realistic source term calculations. An overview of typically severe accident phases together with main accident management measures installed in German NPPs is presented in the paper. Several severe accident sequences have been calculated for both reactor types and some detailed nodalisation studies and code to code comparisons have been prepared in the past, to prove the developed core, reactor circuit and containment/building nodalisation schemes. Together with the compilation of the MELCOR data set, the qualification of the nodalisation schemes has been pursued with comparative calculations with detailed GRS codes for selected phases of severe accidents. The results of these comparative analyses showed in most of the areas a good agreement of essential parameters and of the general description of the plant behaviour during the accident progression. The in general detail of the German plant nodalisation schemes developed for MELCOR contributes significantly to this good agreement between integral and detailed code results. The implementation of MELCOR into the GRS simulator ATLAS was very important for the assessment of the results, not only due to the great detail of the nodalisation schemes used. It is used for training of severe accident

  14. 信息化系统在保障性安居工程中的应用%Application of Information Systems in Low-income Housing Projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭华亮; 李晓芳

    2015-01-01

    This paper briefly introduced the overall situation of the low-income housing project quality management in Jiangxi,and the application of information systems in low-income housing projects quality supervision,which could take reference for other provinces.%介绍了江西省保障性安居工程质量管理的总体情况,着重介绍了信息化系统在保障性安居工程质量监管中的应用,供其他省市参考借鉴。

  15. Application of models for jointed rock to the analysis of prototype testing for the Yucca Mountain Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A combined experimental and analytical approach to the development of jointed rock mass characterization and modeling methods for the Yucca Mountain Project is being pursued at Sandia National Laboratories. Techniques for loading a significant portion of the rock mass near a drift boundary are being developed and tested in the welded tuff units in G-Tunnel at the Nevada Test Site. Several of the test methods under consideration involve the use of large flatjacks, inserted into narrow slots cut in the walls or floor of a drift, to provide a controlled means to load a volume of rock. This paper presents an example of the application of models for jointed rock mass behavior to the analysis of flatjack tests conducted in G-Tunnel. Detailed numerical analyses of some of the flatjack tests are being performed to assist the experimenters in developing the test procedure and as part of an effort to develop and evaluate numerical models that can be used for the site characterization and performance assessment activities at Yucca Mountain. These analyses were performed using both a linear model with a reduced modulus to simulate joint effects and a recently developed compliant joint rock mass model, which takes into account the spacing, orientation, and shear and normal displacement behavior of two orthogonal joint sets. Comparisons between the linear and nonlinear analytical methods and between the analytical and experimental results are presented. These comparisons allow one to evaluate the utility of the available analytical methods and to suggest possible improvements to both the analytical and experimental techniques. 8 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab

  16. Application of models for jointed rock to the analysis of prototype testing for the Yucca Mountain Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costin, L.S.

    1990-02-01

    A combined experimental and analytical approach to the development of jointed rock mass characterization and modeling methods for the Yucca Mountain Project is being pursued at Sandia National Laboratories. Techniques for loading a significant portion of the rock mass near a drift boundary are being developed and tested in the welded tuff units in G-Tunnel at the Nevada Test Site. Several of the test methods under consideration involve the use of large flatjacks, inserted into narrow slots cut in the walls or floor of a drift, to provide a controlled means to load a volume of rock. This paper presents an example of the application of models for jointed rock mass behavior to the analysis of flatjack tests conducted in G-Tunnel. Detailed numerical analyses of some of the flatjack tests are being performed to assist the experimenters in developing the test procedure and as part of an effort to develop and evaluate numerical models that can be used for the site characterization and performance assessment activities at Yucca Mountain. These analyses were performed using both a linear model with a reduced modulus to simulate joint effects and a recently developed compliant joint rock mass model, which takes into account the spacing, orientation, and shear and normal displacement behavior of two orthogonal joint sets. Comparisons between the linear and nonlinear analytical methods and between the analytical and experimental results are presented. These comparisons allow one to evaluate the utility of the available analytical methods and to suggest possible improvements to both the analytical and experimental techniques. 8 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  17. A demographic model for small area population projections: an application to the Census Metropolitan Area of Hamilton in Ontario, Canada

    OpenAIRE

    Pavlos S. Kanaroglou; Hanna F Maoh; Bruce Newbold; Scott, Darren M; Antonio Paez

    2009-01-01

    This paper reports on the development of a demographic model capable of projecting the spatial distribution of population by age and sex for small areas such as census tracts. The proposed modeling framework makes use of two components: the Rogers multiregional population projection model and the aggregate spatial multinomial logit (ASMNL) model. The Rogers model utilizes cohort vital statistics on fertility, mortality, and migration to project the progression of population by age and sex at ...

  18. Application of the Defense-in-Depth Concept in the Projects of New-Generation NPPs Equipped with VVER Reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The projects of new-generation NPPs equipped with VVER reactors are developed as projects the safety level of which is superior to that of NPPs that are currently in operation. The main design solutions adopted for implementing the defence-in-depth (DiD) concept in the projects of new-generation NPPs equipped with VVER reactors are briefly characterized in the paper. (author)

  19. Application and importance of cost-benefit analysis in energy efficiency projects implemented in public buildings: The case of Serbia

    OpenAIRE

    Đurovic Dejan M.; Obradovic Vladimir Lj.; Vuckovic Aleksandar M.; Mihic Marko M.; Petrovic Dejan C.

    2012-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is to present the advantages of using Cost-Benefit analysis in energy efficiency projects implemented in public buildings, and to prove the hypothesis that Cost-Benefit analysis boosts the effectiveness and efficiency of the said type of projects. The paper offers theoretical and practical explanation of the implementation of Cost-Benefit analysis in the relevant area. Since energy efficiency projects in public buildings usually represent a part of a bro...

  20. Development of a Topic Map Application for the Project QUIS - QUality, Interoperability and Standards in e-Learning

    OpenAIRE

    Hjeltnes, Frode

    2006-01-01

    QUality, Interoperability and Standards in e-Learning (QUIS) is an EU funded project, and is a part of the e-Learning program . The projects contract number within the e-Learning program is 2004-3538/001-001 ELE-ELEB14. The project has partners from Norway, Sweden, Italy and Hungary. This thesis is written to be a part of the projects Work Package 5 Standards for e-Learning . A topic map is an information structure for describing and identifying resources. It consists of the major eleme...

  1. Benefiting of improvements in Scrum project regarding web application : A Case study at T-Systems Sweden

    OpenAIRE

    Olsson, Marcus; Azouri, Lior

    2005-01-01

    This thesis describes Scrum and with a feasibility study tests if Scrum can be applied in a project with two developers at T-systems Sweden. Key issues regarding the development process are pointed out from a baseline project. The influence of the issues in the project is later tested in the new project at the same organization. New issues were identified and studied and corrected. Interviews and literature study are used to gather information of what issues do occur and may occur. The result...

  2. Application and importance of cost-benefit analysis in energy efficiency projects implemented in public buildings: The case of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đurovic Dejan M.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this paper is to present the advantages of using Cost-Benefit analysis in energy efficiency projects implemented in public buildings, and to prove the hypothesis that Cost-Benefit analysis boosts the effectiveness and efficiency of the said type of projects. The paper offers theoretical and practical explanation of the implementation of Cost-Benefit analysis in the relevant area. Since energy efficiency projects in public buildings usually represent a part of a broader portfolio of similar projects and their implementation demands allocation of substantial financial resources, communities are often be interested in achieving maximal economic and non-economic benefits. This paper aims to demonstrate that Cost-Benefit analysis can represent an excellent contribution when attempting to select the projects for implementation within a broader portfolio of energy efficiency projects in public buildings. This hypothesis was demonstrated by putting a greater emphasis on non-economic benefits and the costs arising from implementation of the aforementioned types of projects. In addition, a practical test of this hypothesis was performed through the implementation of an energy efficiency portfolio in public buildings, worth several tens of millions of dollars - the Serbian Energy Efficiency Project. The paper concludes that the use of Cost-Benefit analysis can help us to effectively evaluate and manage projects of this type aimed at achieving maximum benefits for the community in question.

  3. 矿业项目投资后评价模型与应用%Post evaluation model for mining investment project and its applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑明贵; 袁纬芳

    2012-01-01

    介绍了矿业项目投资后评价的理论基础,建立了基于模糊综合评价法的矿业项目投资后评价模型,并以江西省某钨锡矿开发投资为例进行应用,对项目的实施效果进行了分析.研究结果表明:对已完成的矿业投资项目进行后评价研究并总结经验与教训,有利于改进在投资以及指导待投资矿业项目,进而提高矿业投资决策与管理水平.%Firstly, some post evaluation theoretical foundation for mining investment project was introduced; secondly, a post evaluation model for mining investment project was built based on fuzzy comprehensive evaluation theory; finally, a W-Sn deposit was taken as an example for further applications, and also the project implementation effect was analyzed. Above research showed:to give post evaluation for the completed investment projects and then draw useful experience and lessons can help to improve the benefits of the project and direct the future projects,which can improve the decision and management levels of the mining investment.

  4. Standards and Specifications for Ground Processing of Space Vehicles: From an Aviation-Based Shuttle Project to Global Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ingalls, John; Cipolletti, John

    2011-01-01

    and methods are incongruent. Some processing products are still done on paper, some electronic, and many being converted in between. Business systems then are not fully compatible, and paper as well as electronic conversions are time-consuming and costly. NASA and its Shuttle contractors setup rules and systems to handle what has produced over 130 RLV launches, but they have had many challenges. Attempts have been made to apply aviation industry specifications to make the Shuttle more efficient with its ground processing. One efficiency project example was to make a Shuttle Maintenance Manual (SMM) based on the commercial ATA (Air Transport Association of America) Spec 100 for technical publications. This industry standard, along with others, has been a foundation for efficient global MRO of commercial airlines for years. A modified version was also made for some military aircraft. The SMM project found many similarities in Spec 100 which apply to the Shuttle, and room for expansion for space systems/structures not in aircraft. The SMM project team met with the ATA and representatives from NASA's X-33 and X-34 programs to discuss collaboration on a national space standard based on Spec 100. A pilot project was enabled for a subset of Shuttle systems. Full implementation was not yet achieved, X-33 and X-34 were cancelled, and the Shuttles were then designated for retirement. Nonetheless, we can learn from this project how to expand this concept to all space vehicle products. Since then, ATA has joined with ASD (AeroSpace and Defence Industries Association of Europe) and AIA (Aerospace Industries Association) to form a much-enhanced and expanded international specification: Sl000D, International Specification for Technical Publications. It includes air, land, and sea vehicles, missiles, support equipment, ordnance, and communications. It is used by a growing number of countries for commercial and government products. Its modular design is supported by a Common Source

  5. Mapping the Implementation and Application of the ESG (MAP-ESG Project): Final Report of the Project Steering Group. ENQA Occasional Papers 17

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazza, Elena, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    In 2010 the organisations that form the E4 Group, notably ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education), ESU (European Students Union), EUA (European University Association), and EURASHE (European Association of Institutions in Higher Education) launched the "Mapping the Implementation and Application of the Standards and…

  6. Self-calibration of a 1D Projective Camera and its Application to the Self-calibration of a 2D Projective Camera

    OpenAIRE

    Faugeras, Olivier; Quan, Long; Sturm, Peter

    1998-01-01

    We introduce the concept of self-calibration of a 1D projective camera from point correspondences, and describe a method for uniquely determining the two internal parameters of a 1D camera based on the trifocal tensor of three 1D images. The method requires the estimation of the trifocal tensor which can be achieved linearly with no approximation unlike the trifocal tensor of 2D images, and solving for the roots of a cubic polynomial in one variable. Interestingly enough, we prove that a 2D c...

  7. Upotreba programskog paketa Microsoft Office Project 2007 u planiranju ishrane pripadnika Vojske Srbije / Application of the Microsoft Office Project 2007 for planning the army personnel feeding process

    OpenAIRE

    Radoš B. Mijatović

    2010-01-01

    U radu je prikazan način upravljanja projektima pomoću programskog paketa Microsoft Office Project 2007 sa težištem na planiranju ishrane. Pravilnu i uspešnu - efikasnu ishranu pripadnika Vojske nije moguće realizovati bez primene efikasnih metoda i tehnika za podršku odlučivanju. Primena savremenih metoda i tehnika u planiranju i organizovanju ishrane imala bi za rezultat stvaranje ušteda na raznim poljima delovanja (artikli hrane, transport, radna snaga, sredstva za rad, vreme, novčana sred...

  8. Upotreba programskog paketa Microsoft Office Project 2007 u planiranju ishrane pripadnika Vojske Srbije / Application of the Microsoft Office Project 2007 for planning the army personnel feeding process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radoš B. Mijatović

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available U radu je prikazan način upravljanja projektima pomoću programskog paketa Microsoft Office Project 2007 sa težištem na planiranju ishrane. Pravilnu i uspešnu - efikasnu ishranu pripadnika Vojske nije moguće realizovati bez primene efikasnih metoda i tehnika za podršku odlučivanju. Primena savremenih metoda i tehnika u planiranju i organizovanju ishrane imala bi za rezultat stvaranje ušteda na raznim poljima delovanja (artikli hrane, transport, radna snaga, sredstva za rad, vreme, novčana sredstva i dr. U radu je prikazan samo deo mogućnosti programskog paketa Microsoft Office Project 2007 koje korisnici mogu proširivati i nadograđivati. / This paper presents possibilities of using the program realization of feeding process of the Army personnel with simulation of planning the daily menus as a concrete example. It presents the way of planning the menus and adding the human and material resources to each of planned courses. This program package also provides a range of other possibilities to users, which can produce savings in different fields and secure increase of work efficiency.

  9. APPLICATION OF AHP METHOD IN THE IDENTIFICATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF PROJECT SELECTION CRITERIA: AN ENERGY SECTOR CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvério, Adriano Augusto

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Choosing from several alternative investment projects in hydropower to build a portfolio of projects is a complex matter. The most commonly used selection model for building the portfolio is the financial method, however it constraints options investments to the economic and financial parameters, which are limiting in nature. Alternatively, this paper proposes the use of multicriterial method Analytic Hierarchy Process – AHP, which incorporates measures to evaluate both quantitative and qualitative data. This method is based on criteria or parameters of operational processes that hinder or facilitate the execution of projects. In order to get the definition of the set of criteria, the Delphi technique was applied to a group of seven experts in managing hydropower projects. Main results show that essential criteria for selection of project investment portfolio, are not limited to financial aspects, but it involves criteria of bureaucratic, organizational, and political environment and technological characters. The conclusion is that the financial potential of hydropower projects are not the only determinants for investments on hydropower projects and, at large, these project are conditioned to other criteria such as, those of bureaucratic and technological nature.

  10. Application of static var compensators for the dynamic performance of the Mead-Adelanto and Mead-Phoenix transmission projects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, R.L.; Beshir, M.J.; Finley, A.T.; Hayes, D.R. [Los Angeles Dept. of Water and Power, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Hsu, J.C.; Peterson, H.R.; DeShazo, G.L.; Gerlach, D.W. [Salt River Project, Phoenix, AZ (United States)

    1994-12-31

    This paper presents the planning and pre-specification study analysis and results for the joint use of Static Var Compensators (SVCs), a form of Flexible Alternating Current Transmission System (FACTS) technology, for the Mead-Adelanto and Mead-Phoenix Projects in the Southwestern United States. Because of the insufficient system damping in the network, addition of these two transmission line projects must also be complemented by SVCs. These devices increase the system stability limit so that the projects` planned transfer capabilities can be economically attained. These are the first transmission projects in the region where a very closely coordinated planning effort permits the joint use of SVCs to provide mutual benefits to both projects. SVC dynamic performance enhancement studies, SVC control analysis, and studies related to the planning and specification requirements are among the topics addressed in the paper.

  11. Application of static VAR compensators for the dynamic performance of the Mead-Adelanto and Mead-Phoenix transmission projects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, R.L.; Beshir, M.J.; Finley, A.T.; Hayes, D.R. [Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, CA (United States); Hsu, J.C.; Peterson, H.R.; DeShazo, G.L.; Gerlach, D.W. [Salt River Project, Phoenix, AZ (United States)

    1995-01-01

    This paper presents the planning and pre-specification study analysis and results for the joint use of Static Var Compensators (SVCs), a form of Flexible Alternating Current Transmission System (FACTS) technology, for the Mead-Adelanto and Mead-Phoenix Projects in the Southwestern United States. Because of insufficient system damping in the network, addition of these two transmission line projects must also be complemented by SVCS. These devices increase the system stability limit so that the projects` planned transfer capabilities can be economically attained. These are the first transmission projects in the region where a very closely coordinated planning effort permits the joint use of SVCs to provide mutual benefits to both projects. SVC dynamic performance enhancement studies, SVC control analysis, and studies related to the planning and specification requirements are among the topics addressed in the paper.

  12. The Use of Social Media and Mobile applications in content delivery for the MY NASA DATA and SCOOL Projects in support of Education and Outreach Initiatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, P. M.; Oostra, D.; Moore, S. W.; Crecelius, S. A.

    2011-12-01

    MND project. This brings in the need for the proper selection of a social media tool that is age-appropriate for the students, should they choose to participate. As with the MND project, there has been proper utilization of social media through careful selection and monitoring of the associated metrics. The NASA CERES S'COOL project utilizes YouTube, Flickr, and is also included in the Observe Your World blog to reach out to current and perspective participants. Through the utilization of social media tools, the MY NASA DATA and S'COOL projects are able to keep the participating audiences involved and informed. In general, the use of Web 2.0 and mobile applications has allowed the projects to keep participants engaged in and up-to-date with current information. With the planned implementation of mobile applications to assist in content delivery and data submission, participants will have a mobile, easy to utilize source of scientific data and information. By monitoring current media tools metrics, we are able to monitor use and ingestion of information. The use of such tools and metrics allows us to better serve our target audience and shift focus, if needed, to the most up-to-date and popular social media tools.

  13. Targeted technology applications for infield reserve growth: A synopsis of the Secondary Natural Gas Recovery project, Gulf Coast Basin. Topical report, September 1988--April 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Levey, R.A.; Finley, R.J.; Hardage, B.A.

    1994-06-01

    The Secondary Natural Gas Recovery (SGR): Targeted Technology Applications for Infield Reserve Growth is a joint venture research project sponsored by the Gas Research Institute (GRI), the US Department of Energy (DOE), the State of Texas through the Bureau of Economic Geology at The University of Texas at Austin, with the cofunding and cooperation of the natural gas industry. The SGR project is a field-based program using an integrated multidisciplinary approach that integrates geology, geophysics, engineering, and petrophysics. A major objective of this research project is to develop, test, and verify those technologies and methodologies that have near- to mid-term potential for maximizing recovery of gas from conventional reservoirs in known fields. Natural gas reservoirs in the Gulf Coast Basin are targeted as data-rich, field-based models for evaluating infield development. The SGR research program focuses on sandstone-dominated reservoirs in fluvial-deltaic plays within the onshore Gulf Coast Basin of Texas. The primary project research objectives are: To establish how depositional and diagenetic heterogeneities cause, even in reservoirs of conventional permeability, reservoir compartmentalization and hence incomplete recovery of natural gas. To document examples of reserve growth occurrence and potential from fluvial and deltaic sandstones of the Texas Gulf Coast Basin as a natural laboratory for developing concepts and testing applications. To demonstrate how the integration of geology, reservoir engineering, geophysics, and well log analysis/petrophysics leads to strategic recompletion and well placement opportunities for reserve growth in mature fields.

  14. Observational calibration of the projection factor of Cepheids. II. Application to nine Cepheids with HST/FGS parallax measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breitfelder, J.; Mérand, A.; Kervella, P.; Gallenne, A.; Szabados, L.; Anderson, R. I.; Le Bouquin, J.-B.

    2016-03-01

    Context. The distance to pulsating stars is classically estimated using the parallax-of-pulsation (PoP) method, which combines spectroscopic radial velocity (RV) measurements and angular diameter (AD) estimates to derive the distance of the star. A particularly important application of this method is the determination of Cepheid distances in view of the calibration of their distance scale. However, the conversion of radial to pulsational velocities in the PoP method relies on a poorly calibrated parameter, the projection factor (p-factor). Aims: We aim to measure empirically the value of the p-factors of a homogeneous sample of nine bright Galactic Cepheids for which trigonometric parallaxes were measured with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Fine Guidance Sensor. Methods: We use the SPIPS algorithm, a robust implementation of the PoP method that combines photometry, interferometry, and radial velocity measurements in a global modeling of the pulsation of the star. We obtained new interferometric angular diameter measurements using the PIONIER instrument at the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI), completed by data from the literature. Using the known distance as an input, we derive the value of the p-factor of the nine stars of our sample and study its dependence with the pulsation period. Results: We find the following p-factors: p = 1.20 ± 0.12 for RT Aur, p = 1.48 ± 0.18 for T Vul, p = 1.14 ± 0.10 for FF Aql, p = 1.31 ± 0.19 for Y Sgr, p = 1.39 ± 0.09 for X Sgr, p = 1.35 ± 0.13 for W Sgr, p = 1.36 ± 0.08 for β Dor, p = 1.41 ± 0.10 for ζ Gem, and p = 1.23 ± 0.12 for ℓ Car. Conclusions: The values of the p-factors that we obtain are consistently close to p = 1.324 ± 0.024. We observe some dispersion around this average value, but the observed distribution is statistically consistent with a constant value of the p-factor as a function of the pulsation period (χ2 = 0.669). The error budget of our determination of the p-factor values is

  15. Applications of surveillance programme results to reactor pressure vessel integrity assessment. Results of a coordinated research project 2000-2004

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This TECDOC has been developed under an IAEA Coordinated Research Project (CRP) on Surveillance Programme Results Application to Reactor Pressure Vessel Integrity Assessment. This CRP is the fifth in a series that have led to the defining of the most appropriate fracture toughness parameters (using relatively small test specimens) for ensuring structural integrity of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) materials. The CRP group consisted of 20 testing laboratories representing 15 Member States. The CRP had three main objectives: (1) to develop a large database of fracture toughness data using the Master Curve methodology for both precracked Charpy-sized specimens and one-inch thick (25.4 mm) compact tension (1T-CT) specimens, (2) to assess possible specimen bias effects and any effects of the range of temperatures used to determine T0, either using the single temperature or multi-temperature assessment methods, and (3) to develop international guidelines for measuring and applying Master Curve fracture toughness results for RPV integrity assessment. Fracture toughness test results showed clear evidence that lower values of unirradiated T0 were obtained using precracked Charpy specimens compared with results obtained from 1T-CT specimens. This bias in test results is very important when considering the use of precracked Charpy specimens for evaluating RPV integrity. In fact, this is a technical area where the results from this CRP were influential in changing the ASTM test method to include consideration of this effect. The direct measurement approach using the Master Curve approach for RPV structural integrity assessment has distinct advantages over the indirect methods used in the past for assessing radiation embrittlement effects. The Master Curve methodology already has been or is being assimilated into the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, ASTM Standards, USNRC Regulations, German Regulations (KTA 3203), IAEA pressurized thermal shock guidelines for WWER reactors

  16. 火电项目后评价方法及应用%Evaluation of Thermal Power Post Project and its Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯志广

    2011-01-01

    Along with the consistently deepening investment management of the infrastructure project of the country,the post-project evaluation has become an important means for measuring the decision-making level.The post-project evaluation of the thermal power construction is necessary to be done after thermal power plants and regional power generating companies have put the project into operation.Through the introduction of the post-evaluation method and the conclusion of the practical application,the text has provided methods for the operation of the post-evaluation of the thermal power project.%随着国家对基建项目投资管理的不断深化,项目后评价已成为衡量项目决策水平的重要手段。火电建设项目后评价是各火电厂、区域发电公司在项目投产后必须要做的工作。文中通过对后评价方法的介绍和实际应用的总结,为火电项目的后评价操作提供了方法。

  17. Application of Systems Engineering to U.S. Department of Energy Privatization Project Selection at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The privatization efforts at the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Nuclear Reservation have been very successful primarily due to a disciplined process for project selection and execution. Early in the development of Privatization at Hanford, the Department of Energy determined that a disciplined alternatives generation and analysis (AGA) process would furnish the candidate projects with the best probability for success. Many factors had to be considered in the selection of projects. Westinghouse Hanford Company was assigned to develop this process and facilitate the selection of the first round of candidate privatization projects. Team members for the AGA process were assembled from all concerned organizations and skill groups. Among the selection criteria were legal, financial and technical considerations which had to be weighed

  18. Application of FMEA-methodology for qualitative risk assessment of investment projects of small and medium-sized businesses

    OpenAIRE

    Philipchuk Anton Andreevich; Miroshnikov Vyacheslav Vasil'evich

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the authors suggest a method for the qualitative analysis of therisks of investment projects of small and medium-sized businesses based on theadaptation of the method of analysis of potential failures and their impact on FMEA.

  19. Study on applicability of clay-based grout injection in the excavated damaged zone around the plug (TSX project)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    JNC has joined the international joint project, the TSX project, with AECL at the Underground Research Laboratory (URL) in Canada. Full-scale sealing technologies are applied to an underground tunnel in the TSX project. Regarding clay grouting, which supports the performance of the clay plug, a grouting experiment in the Excavated Damaged Zone around the tunnel was performed in the TSX project. A pre-injection test was the trial for the development of the grouting procedure, and the injection test was to evaluate the grouting effectiveness of the grouting in the EDZ around the tunnel. The results of the experiments showed the efficiency injection concentration of the grout slurry was between 4.0 and 6.0wt%. Grouted EDZ had lower hydraulic conductivity than that before grouting. (author)

  20. Application for approval of the Cold Lake Expansion Project: volume 3: environmental impact assessment: socio-economic assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anticipated social and economic effects from the construction and operation of the proposed Cold Lake Expansion Project in Alberta were described. The regions and communities that would be directly affected by the project were identified and project impacts with respect to the following areas were analyzed: population and demographics, local economy and labour force, education, health, social and recreational services, protective and emergency services, physical community infrastructure, real estate, and current community planning and land use initiatives. The main sources of information used for the analysis were public statistical data compiled by Statistics Canada, provincial government statistics and municipal planning documents. The overall social impact of the project was expected to range from low to medium. 50 refs., 44 tabs., 6 figs

  1. Vectorial characterization of DVB-T propagation channel - Application to radio-Mobile communications : the CAVITE Project

    OpenAIRE

    Brousseau, Christian; Avrillon, Stéphane; Nivole, Franck; Bertel, Louis

    2007-01-01

    International audience In this paper, the whole project CAVITE is described. This project is proposed within the framework of sets of themes around "Sciences and Technologies of Information and Communication" for radio-mobile digital communication in order to increase the data rate or quality of transmission. One of the objectives is the reception of Digital Video Broadcasting on Terrestrial networks (DVB T) in vehicular condition (car, train ...).

  2. APPLICATION OF AHP METHOD IN THE IDENTIFICATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF PROJECT SELECTION CRITERIA: AN ENERGY SECTOR CASE STUDY

    OpenAIRE

    Silvério, Adriano Augusto; Rodrigues, Leonel Cezar; Xavier, Amanda Fernandes

    2015-01-01

    Choosing from several alternative investment projects in hydropower to build a portfolio of projects is a complex matter. The most commonly used selection model for building the portfolio is the financial method, however it constraints options investments to the economic and financial parameters, which are limiting in nature. Alternatively, this paper proposes the use of multicriterial method Analytic Hierarchy Process – AHP, which incorporates measures to evaluate both quantit...

  3. Scrum project management tool

    OpenAIRE

    Smolnik, Uroš

    2011-01-01

    For this thesis I made an application that will help manage projects using Scrum methodology. The objective was to make an application that students will use to work on their projects when using Scrum methodology. The application should enable managing project data by displaying measurement results in tabular form and also in the form of various diagrams. The theoretical part of the thesis is focused on presenting Scrum methodology by describing the introduction of measurements in methodol...

  4. Population Projection. Applications of Linear Algebra to Population Studies. Modules and Monographs in Undergraduate Mathematics and Its Applications. UMAP Module 345.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Edward L.

    This unit, which looks at applications of linear algebra to population studies, is designed to help pupils: (1) understand an application of matrix algebra to the study of populations; (2) see how knowledge of eigen values and eigen vectors is useful in studying powers of matrices; and (3) be briefly exposed to some difficult but interesting…

  5. Report of the first research co-ordination meeting under co-ordinated research project on 'In situ applications of XRF techniques'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    X-ray fluorescence is a well-established analytical technique widely used in industrial and research applications for materials characterisation. However, a relatively recent development has been the availability of portable instrumentation, which can be used for both the direct in situ non-destructive analysis of samples, and also is readily transportable to field sites for use in a 'mobile laboratory' style of operation. In situ analyses using the XRF technique can make an essential contribution to a wide range of projects, including: - Analysis of soils, particularly in the assessment of agricultural land and contaminated land - Sorting scrap metal alloys and plastics to increase the value of recyclable materials - Geochemical mapping and exploration to locate mineralisation deposits - Environmental monitoring related to air pollution studies and contamination of the work - The on-line control of industrial processes for the production of raw materials - Archaeological studies and the classification of artefacts, the restoration of sculptures, paintings and other objects of cultural heritage. - In situ geochemical studies on Mars, including the 1997 NASA Pathfinder mission and the forthcoming European Space Agency Mars Express mission, which includes the In these applications, the major advantages of field-portable X-ray fluorescence (FPXRF) spectrometry include: on-site immediate availability of analytical results, non-destructive analysis, a multielement capability, speed of operation and access to valuable/unique samples that otherwise would be unavailable for chemical analysis. The CRP on 'In situ applications of XRF techniques' is one element of the project on Nuclear Instruments for Specific Applications the major objective of which is to assist Member States in the development of nuclear instruments and software for special applications, such as the characterisation of materials. An overall objective of this CRP is to assist laboratories in Member States

  6. ) The Application of Remote Sensing to Exploration and Production Projects in Shell Petroleum Development Company for Effective Environmental Management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over the years (especially within the last decade) environmental issues have assumed a proportion that the oil industry appeared unprepared for. The oil industry has not been immune from the consequences of the awareness generated by various interest groups world-wide. Environmental Assessment has become an integral part of all projects in Shell Development Company [SPDC] and the remote sensing tool has shown to be vital for effective management of the environment. The Niger Delta operations area covers approximately 70.0002km, an area including mangrove swamps, extensive forest and agricultural development, and most SPDC onshore operations are carried out in this fragile environment. Project citing in this environment requires careful planning and articulation of environmentally friendly and cost effective routes and sites. The implementation of satellite image processing and analysis, using georeferenced multispectral imagery have provided information on vegetation and other land cover types, topography including drainage, and infrastructure. The derived information is used for planning new well locations; flowlines and location access routes; impact assessment and monitoring of the environment. This article discusses how the environment is better managed by applying the remote sensing technology in each project embarked upon in SPDC. Some of he projects discussed include: Forcados CCP, Oluwa-Ore and Awoba-Soku-Bonny gasline routes/site investigation and selection projects Oben, Uzere/Oroni Field Development Planning ;3D Ovio Seismic prospect planning ;Obigbo Pipeline squatter mapping

  7. FinalReport for completed IPP-0110 and 0110A Projects:"High Energy Ion Technology of Interfacial Thin Film Coatings for Electronic, Optical and Industrial Applications"

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, Ian

    2009-09-01

    The DOE-supported IPP (Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention) Project, IPP-0110, and its accompanying 'add-on project' IPP-0110A, entitled 'High Energy Ion Technology of Interfacial Thin Film Coatings for Electronic, Optical and Industrial Applications' was a collaborative project involving the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) as the U.S. DOE lab; the US surface modification company, Phygen, Inc., as the US private company involved; and the High Current Electronics Institute (HCEI) of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk, Siberia, Russia, as the NIS Institute involved. Regular scientific research progress meetings were held to which personnel came from all participating partners. The meetings were held mostly at the Phygen facilities in Minneapolis, Minnesota (with Phygen as host) with meetings also held at Tomsk, Russia (HCEI as host), and at Berkeley, California (LBNL as host) In this way, good exposure of all researchers to the various different laboratories involved was attained. This report contains the Final Reports (final deliverables) from the Russian Institute, HCEI. The first part is that for IPP-0110A (the 'main part' of the overall project) and the second part is that for the add-on project IPP-0110A. These reports are detailed, and contain all aspects of all the research carried out. The project was successful in that all deliverables as specified in the proposals were successfully developed, tested, and delivered to Phygen. All of the plasma hardware was designed, made and tested at HCEI, and the performance was excellent. Some of the machine and performance parameters were certainly of 'world class'. The goals and requirements of the IPP Project were well satisfied. I would like to express my gratitude to the DOE IPP program for support of this project throughout its entire duration, and for the unparalleled opportunity thereby provided for all of the diverse participants in the project to join

  8. Study of Vadose Zone Monitoring at the Hanford Site Task 2 Potential Applications at the Central Plateau Remediation Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report is the second of two studies on potential applications for vadose zone monitoring (VZM) at the Hanford Site. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) agreed to perform the studies in a letter from M. S. Schlender, DOE, to M. L. Goldstein, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and M. A. Wilson, Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology), subject ''Vadose Zone Monitoring Study,'' 02-ERD-0055, dated March 11, 2002. The first study evaluated the potential for performance monitoring at the Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility (ERDF) and was published as ''Study of Vadose Zone Monitoring at the Hanford Site, Task I . Use in New Cells at the Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility'', dated May 2003 (DOE/RL---2003-31). This report is Task 2 and examines the potential for VZM at waste sites and tank farms in the 200 East and West Areas of the Central Plateau Remediation Project (Central Plateau). The potential benefits of VZM are discussed in the introduction, as well as the objectives of the study. A summary of the hydrogeology of the central plateau is presented. This includes a discussion of the stratigraphy, vadose zone transport, and groundwater characteristics. A chapter on the regulatory framework is presented in the context of the anticipated remediation, Environmental Protection Agency regulations, and the regulations of other western states. While the previous Task I study presented a survey of commercial sites in the western part of the United States, this report surveys vadose zone monitoring at other government sites in the western United States. Most of the significant Department of Energy Sites are discussed and compared. Since the western part of the United States contains many of the DOE research facilities, a discussion is presented on the vadose zone research and development activities at these facilities. The ongoing development and use of VZM by the Air Force, Navy, and Army is presented. A summary is presented of the planned

  9. Application of isotopes to the assessment of pollutant behaviour in the unsaturated zone for groundwater protection. Final report of a coordinated research project 2004-2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A coordinated research project (CRP) was conducted by the IAEA with the purpose of studying what isotopic and other ancillary data are required to help understand migration of potential contaminants through the unsaturated zone (UZ) into the underlying groundwater. To this end, research projects were conducted in ten countries to study recharge and infiltration processes, as well as contaminant migration in a wide variety of UZ environments. This publication contains the reports of these ten projects and a summary of the accomplishments of the individual projects. The IAEA-TECDOC reviews the usefulness and current status of application of the combined use of isotope and other hydrogeochemical tools for the assessment of flow and transport processes in the UZ. A number of isotope and hydrochemical tools have been used to simultaneously study groundwater recharge and transport of pollutants in the UZ. This information is relevant for assessing the vulnerability of groundwater to contamination. The ten projects covered climates ranging from humid to arid, and water table depths from the near surface to over 600 m. The studies included measuring movement of water, solutes, and gases through the UZ using an assortment of isotope and geochemical tracers and approaches. Contaminant issues have been studied at most of the ten sites and the UZ was found to be very effective in protecting groundwater from most heavy metal contaminants. The publication is expected to be of interest to hydrologists, hydrogeologists and soil scientists dealing with pollution aspects and protection of groundwater resources, as well as counterparts of TC projects in Member States

  10. Angular momentum projection of cranked Hartree-Fock states: Application to terminating bands in A∼44 nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present the first systematic calculations based on the angular momentum projection of cranked Slater determinants. We propose the Iy→I scheme, by which one projects the angular momentum I from the one-dimensional cranked state constrained to the average spin projection of y>=I. Calculations performed for the rotational band in 46Ti show that the AMP Iy→I scheme offers a natural mechanism for correcting the cranking moment of inertia at low spins and shifting the terminating state up by ∼2 MeV, in accordance with data. We also apply this scheme to high-spin states near the band termination in A∼44 nuclei and compare results thereof with experimental data, shell-model calculations, and results of the approximate analytical symmetry-restoration method proposed previously

  11. Angular momentum projection of cranked Hartree-Fock states: Application to terminating bands in A~44 nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Zdunczuk, H; Dobaczewski, J; Kosmulski, M

    2007-01-01

    We present the first systematic calculations based on the angular-momentum projection of cranked Slater determinants. We propose the Iy --> I scheme, by which one projects the angular momentum I from the 1D cranked state constrained to the average spin projection of =I. Calculations performed for the rotational band in 46Ti show that the AMP Iy --> I scheme offers a natural mechanism for correcting the cranking moment of inertia at low-spins and shifting the terminating state up by ~2 MeV, in accordance with data. We also apply this scheme to high-spin states near the band termination in A~44 nuclei, and compare results thereof with experimental data, shell-model calculations, and results of the approximate analytical symmetry-restoration method proposed previously.

  12. Project selection problem under uncertainty: An application of utility theory and chance constrained programming to a real case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Hosnavi Atashgah

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Selecting from a pool of interdependent projects under certainty, when faced with resource constraints, has been studied well in the literature of project selection problem. After briefly reviewing and discussing popular modeling approaches for dealing with uncertainty, this paper proposes an approach based on chance constrained programming and utility theory for a certain range of problems and under some practical assumptions. Expected Utility Programming, as the proposed modeling approach, will be compared with other well-known methods and its meaningfulness and usefulness will be illustrated via two numerical examples and one real case.

  13. A collaborative resource management workspace and project management application for data collection, analysis and visualization: OpenNRM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osti, A.

    2013-12-01

    During the process of research and design for OpenNRM, we imagined a place where diverse groups of people and communities could effectively and efficiently collaborate to manage large-scale environmental problems and projects. Our research revealed the need to combine a variety of software components. Users can explore and analyze a topic while simultaneously develop stories and solve problems in a way that the end result is consumable by their colleagues and the general public. To do this we brought together software modules that are typically separate: Document and Asset Management, GIS and Interactive Mapping, WIKI and Information Libraries, Data Catalogs and Services, Project Management Tools and Storytelling templates. These components, along with others are supported by extensive data catalogs (NWIS, Storet, CDEC, Cuahsi), data analysis tools and web services for a turn-key workspace that will allow you to quickly build project communities and data stories. In this presentation we will show you how our investigation into these collaborative efforts are implemented and working for some of our clients, including the State of California's Sacramento San Joaquin Bay-Delta and San Joaquin River Basin. The case study will display the use of the OpenNRM workspace for real time environmental conditions management, data visualization, project operations, environmental restoration, high frequency monitoring and data reporting. We will demonstrate how scientists and policy makers are working together to tell the story of this complicated and divisive system and how they are becoming better managers of that system. Using the genius of web services, we will show you how OpenNRM was designed to allow you to build your own community while easily sharing data stories, project data, monitoring results, document libraries, interactive maps and datasets with others. We will get into more technical detail by presenting how our data interpolation tools can show high frequency

  14. Program evaluation and its application to equipment based on super-efficiency DEA and gray relation projection method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Linbing Tang; Dong Guo; Jie Wu; Qingmei Tan

    2014-01-01

    For the gray attributes of the equipment program and its difficulty to carry out the quantitative assessment of the equip-ment program information, the gray relation projection method is simply reviewed. Combining the super-data envelopment analysis (DEA) model and the gray system theory, a new super-DEA for measuring the weight is proposed, and a gray relation projection model is established to rank the equipment programs. Final y, this approach is used to evaluate the equipment program. The results are verified valid and can provide a new way for evaluating the equipment program.

  15. BIM技术在施工项目供应链管理中的应用%Application of BIM in Supply Chain Management of Construction Projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞启元; 吕玉惠; 张尚

    2016-01-01

    将供应链管理、系统集成和信息技术交叉起来,研究BIM技术在施工项目供应链管理中的应用。首先,阐述施工项目供应链管理的信息传递方式及BIM技术的特点;然后,基于对信息传递的认识,提出将BIM技术应用于施工项目供应链管理的基本路径;最后,设计基于BIM技术的施工项目供应链管理信息系统基本架构。%This paper integrates the supply chain management,system integration and information technology, studies the BIM application in supply chain management of construction project. Firstly,expounds the information transmission mode in the supply chain management of construction project and the characteristics of BIM. Secondly,based on cognition of information transfer,puts forward the basic path of applying BIM in supply chain management of construction project. Finally,designs the basic structure of supply chain management information system of construction project based on BIM Technology.

  16. Decision in the matter of BC Gas Utility Ltd., Southern Crossing Pipeline Project : December 11, 1998 application for a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-21

    On December 11, 1998 BC Gas Utility Ltd. applied to the British Columbia Utilities Commission for a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity (CPCN) for approval to construct a 316 km long natural gas pipeline to transport natural gas between Yahk and Oliver, British Columbia. The Southern Crossing Pipeline (SCP) Project would be designed to meet the peak and seasonal needs over the next 30 years in the southern part of British Columbia. This paper presents the text of the application, the agreements, the Pacific Northwest Regional Resource Balance, changes since the 1998 decision, and changes to the net present value benefits of alternatives to the project. After conducting an environmental assessment of the project, the Commission found that the issuance of a CPCN for the SCP project and approval of the related agreements would be in the public interest, provided that certain conditions are met. One of these conditions is a guarantee by BC Gas that it will stand behind its evidence, and cost overruns over 10 per cent will not be borne by ratepayers. A list of appearances, witnesses and exhibits are included in Appendices A, B, and C.

  17. Selection and application of a standard E-learning system in a teaching project for biometry at the University of Ulm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muche, Rainer

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Based on the major revision of the regulation for the licence to practice medicine (ÄAppO we adapted teaching in medical biometry. The so-called “teaching project Biometry” is intended to give basics of biometry to the students by using computer methods. For this purpose an E-Learning system is established and a statistical software is introduced. Methods of statistics are inducted using a real medical patient data set. First of all the new project is intended to increase the students’ motivation for the subsidiary subject of medical biometry, secondly to improve the sustainability for future medical research and for dissertation writing. This field report mainly describes the selection process and the applicability of an E-Learning system for medical biometry. Additionally first experiences and the evaluation of a first course conducted last year (summer term 2005 will be presented.

  18. Application of Project Approach in Logistics Practical Education%项目教学法在物流实训教学中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨洲

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we introduced the connotation and advantage of the project teaching approach, analyzed the issues in the logistics practical education in China at the moment and examined the application of the project teaching approach in the logistics management specialty.%论述了项目教学法的内涵及优势,分析了我国目前物流实训教学中存在的问题,对项目教学法在物流管理专业中的应用进行研究,以提高学生物流基础知识和实践技能的对接,培养大批应用型的物流管理类人才。

  19. Cooperative research and the carbon fiber development for application in uranium centrifuges project; Pesquisa cooperativa e o desenvolvimento de fibra de carbono para aplicacao em ultracentrifugas nucleares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Queiroz, Paulo Cesar Beltrao [Centro Tecnologico da Marinha em Sao Paulo (CTMSP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)], e-mail: paulocbqueiroz@gmail.com; Zouain, Desiree Moraes [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)], e-mail: dmzouain@ipen.br

    2009-08-15

    This paper analyzes both the carbon fiber-based development for uranium centrifuges and the research project that supports its development effort over time. The carbon fibre-based engineering properties make it a valuable supply for high technological products, such as uranium ultracentrifuge. There is no production of such fibers in Brazil. Its trade is subject to international market restrictions due to carbon fibers' dual applications. The Centro Tecnologico da Marinha em Sao Paulo (CTMSP), the Universidade de Campinas (UNICAMP), the Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), the RADICIFIBRAS Company, and the Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos (FINEP), which is responsible for the project financial support, established a partnership aiming the development of a domestic polyacrylonitrile (Pan)-based carbon fiber industry. Such alliances or technological partnerships are best known in developed countries, such as USA and Japan, as Cooperative Research or Research Joint Ventures (RJV). (author)

  20. Project 252Cf-D2O. The multisphere system of neutron dosimetry and spectrometry (M.S.-N.D.S.). Studies of applications to health physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The project 252Cf-D2O is articulated upon the utilization of a 200μg nominal 252Cf spontaneous neutron fission source, used bare and under D2O spherical moderators, giving leakage neutron spectra experimentally known and/or calculated. This project has for objective the applications of those sources to Health Physics, in dosimetry (calibration of ''rad'' and ''rem-meters'') and in spectrometry, associated with the experimental system of measurements made by the generalization of the BONNER Spheres, known as ''the Multisphere System''. This communication describes the normalization method used and the results obtained leading to the adoption of a reference matrix called ''the Log-Normal Multisphere Matrix'' (LN-MM) giving the energies response functions of the generalized system for all the spheres diameters between 40 and 400 millimeters and for all the energies between 0.4eV and 15MeV

  1. Master project Integral Design. Application of the C-K theory improves the design process; Masterproject integraal ontwerpen. Toepassing C-K-theorie leidt tot verbetering ontwerpproces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zeiler, W.; Nelissen, E.; Van Houten, R. [Unit Building Physics and Services, Faculteit Bouwkunde, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven TUE, Eindhoven (Netherlands)

    2012-02-15

    Education at technical universities needs to be linked to research as much as possible. An example is the project Multi-disciplinary Integral Design, in which insights gained on integral design are used as input. In support of the conceptual design of sustainable energy applications in the built environment, there is a need for a new approach in the design process. The C-K theory aims to develop unknown C (concepts) into K (knowledge) [Dutch] Aan een TU moet onderwijs zoveel mogelijk aan onderzoek worden gekoppeld. Een voorbeeld hiervan is het project Multidisciplinair Integraal Ontwerpen (MIO), waarbij de opgedane inzichten rond integraal ontwerpen zoveel mogelijk worden ingebracht. Om het conceptueel ontwerp van toepassingen van duurzame energie in de gebouwde omgeving te ondersteunen, is er behoefte aan een nieuwe benadering binnen het ontwerpproces. De C-K theorie is erop gericht om van het onbekende C (concepten) te kommen tot K (kennis)

  2. Application of the office of civilian radioactive waste management QA requirements to the hanford spent nuclear fuel project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document identifies, at a high-level, the Hanford SNF Project systems, structures, and components and activities that must implement to some degree the OCRWM QARD requirements to ensure compliance with RL direction. This document will also be used to support development of a QARD requirements matrix for the implementation of QARD requirements

  3. Experiences in the Application of Project-Based Learning in a Switching-Mode Power Supplies Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamar, D. G.; Miaja, P. F.; Arias, M.; Rodriguez, A.; Rodriguez, M.; Vazquez, A.; Hernando, M. M.; Sebastian, J.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents the introduction of problem-based learning (PBL) in a power electronics course at the University of Oviedo, Gijon, Spain, by means of two practical projects: the design and construction of a switching-mode power supply (SMPS) prototype and the static study of a dc-dc converter topology. The goal of this innovation was for…

  4. Application of the office of civilian radioactive waste management QA requirements to the hanford spent nuclear fuel project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    MCCORMACK, R.L.

    1999-05-12

    This document identifies, at a high-level, the Hanford SNF Project systems, structures, and components and activities that must implement to some degree the OCRWM QARD requirements to ensure compliance with RL direction. This document will also be used to support development of a QARD requirements matrix for the implementation of QARD requirements.

  5. 75 FR 78988 - Post-2014 Resource Pool-Loveland Area Projects, Allocation Procedures and Call for Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-17

    ... rule establishing the Program on October 20, 1995 (60 FR 54151). The rule became effective on November... Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA). The Record of Decision was published in the Federal Register, 60 FR... Area Power Administration Post-2014 Resource Pool-Loveland Area Projects, Allocation Procedures...

  6. Application of results from the Pocos de Caldas project in the Kristallin-I HLW performance assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Pocos de Caldas project was a major international natural analogue study carried out at 2 sites in Brazil - the Osamu Utsumi uranium mine and Morro do Ferro, an extremely rich deposit of thorium and rare earth elements. This project was a collaborative venture between Nagra (Switzerland), SKB (Sweden), US DOE, UK DOE and Uranio do Brasil. From the initial planning stages, emphasis was placed on testing the models and databases used for repository performance assessment. Since completion of this project, Nagra has initiated a comprehensive performance assessment of HLW disposal in the crystalline basement of Northern Switzerland (termed Kristallin-I as it represents the end of the phase I (regional) studies of this potential host rock). Verification and validation of assessment models are important issues in Kristallin-I; one approach planned here is to utilize data from the wide range of Swiss natural analogue studies carried out to date. This paper considers the contributions from the Pocos de Caldas project to this goal

  7. 纳滤在垃圾渗滤液处理工程中的应用%Application of nanofiltration to landfill leachate treatment projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李黎; 王志强; 陈文清

    2012-01-01

    纳滤较反渗透具有更低的操作压力且运行管理方便,使得其在垃圾渗滤液处理工程中得到广泛的应用.结合四川省垃圾渗滤液处理工程实例,介绍了纳滤在渗滤液处理中的两种应用:用作后处理和用于反渗透浓水的脱盐,通过对实例的分析总结了纳滤用于垃圾渗滤液处理工程改造应该考虑的4个方面问题,为纳滤在渗滤液处理工程的新建与改造中的应用提供借鉴.%Compared to reverse osmosis,nanofiltration is lower in operation pressure and easier in operation management, which makes it widely applied to landfill leachate treatment projects. Based on the example instance from Sichuan Province landfill leachate treatment, two kinds of application of nanofiltration to the treatment of landfill leachate are introduced. One is used as post-treatment and the other one is used for desalting the concentrated water from reverse osmosis. Four aspects to be considered about the application of nanofiltration to the rebuilt landfill leachate treatment projects are summarized in order to provide reference for the applications of nanofiltration that are newly built and in reforming to landfill leachate treatment projects.

  8. A High Efficiency 1kWatt GaN amplifier for P-Band pulsed applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — An improved efficiency amplifier for high power pulse applications at P-Band will be investigated that will support space based RADAR systems. Current P-Band pulsed...

  9. A High Efficiency 1kWatt GaN Amplifier for P-Band Pulsed Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — An improved efficiency amplifier for high power pulse applications at P-Band will be investigated that will support space based RADAR systems. Current P-Band pulsed...

  10. A Multi-Layer Intelligent Loss-of-Control Prevention System (LPS) for Flight Control Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The main objective of the proposed work is to design and develop a multi-layer intelligent Loss-of-control Prevention System (LPS) for flight control applications....

  11. EXAMPLE APPLICATION OF CFD SIMULATIONS FOR SHORT-RANGE ATMOSPHERIC DISPERSION OVER THE OPEN FIELDS OF PROJECT PRAIRIE GRASS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) techniques are increasingly being applied to air quality modeling of short-range dispersion, especially the flow and dispersion around buildings and other geometrically complex structures. The proper application and accuracy of such CFD techniqu...

  12. 76 FR 73616 - Lock 12 Hydro Partners; FFP Project 107 LLC; Notice of Competing Preliminary Permit Applications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... Lock and Dam No. 12, as directed by the Corps. Applicant Contact: Mr. David Brown Kinloch, Soft Energy...-2822. FERC Contact: Michael Spencer, michael.spencer@ferc.gov , (202) 502- 6093. Deadline for...

  13. 76 FR 73614 - Lock 14 Hydro Partners; FFP Project 106 LLC; Notice of Competing Preliminary Permit Applications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... Lock and Dam No. 14, as directed by the Corps. Applicant Contact: Mr. David Brown Kinloch, Soft Energy...-2822. FERC Contact: Michael Spencer, michael.spencer@ferc.gov , (202) 502- 6093. Deadline for...

  14. User profiles of a smartphone application to support drug adherence : xperiences from the iNephro project

    OpenAIRE

    Stefan Becker; Andreas Kribben; Sven Meister; Clarissa Jonas Diamantidis; Nicole Unger; Anna Mitchell

    2013-01-01

    PURPOSE: One of the key problems in the drug therapy of patients with chronic conditions is drug adherence. In 2010 the initiative iNephro was launched (www.inephro.de). A software to support regular and correct drug intake was developed for a smartphone platform (iOS). The study investigated whether and how smartphone users deployed such an application. METHODS: Together with cooperating partners the mobile application "Medikamentenplan" ("Medication Plan") was developed. Users are able to k...

  15. Project Radon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The project started in March 1987. The objective is to perform radon monitoring in 2000 dwellings occupied by people employed by State Power Board and to continue to contribute to the development of radon filters. The project participates in developing methods for radon measurement and decontamination and in adapting the methods to large scale application. About 400 so called radon trace measurements (coarse measurement) and about 10 action measurements (decontamination measurement) have been made so far. Experience shows that methods are fully applicable and that the decontamination measures recommended give perfectly satisfactory results. It is also established that most of the houses with high radon levels have poor ventilation Many of them suffer from moisture and mould problems. The work planned for 1988 and 1989 will in addition to measurements be directed towards improvement of the measuring methods. An activity catalogue will be prepared in cooperation with ventilation enterprises. (O.S.)

  16. Application of multivariate statistical projection techniques for monitoring a sequencing batch reactor (SBR); Aplicacion de tecnicas estadisticas de proyeccion multivariante para la monitorizacion de un SBR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aguado Garcia, D.; Ferrer Riquelme, A. J.; Seco Torrecillas, A.; Ferrer Polo, J.

    2006-07-01

    Due to the increasingly stringent effluents quality requirements imposed by the regulations, monitoring wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) becomes extremely important in order to achieve efficient process operations. Nowadays, at modern WWTP large number of online process variables are collected and these variable are usually highly correlated. Therefore, appropriate techniques are required to extract the information from the huge amount of collected data. In this work, the application of multivariate statistical projection techniques is presented as an effective strategy for monitoring a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) operated for enhanced biological phosphorus removal. (Author)

  17. Surface modification of materials by ion implantations for industrial and medical applications. Final report of a co-ordinated research project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objectives of the Co-ordinated Research Project on Modification of Materials by Ion Treatment for Industrial Applications were to develop economically acceptable surface modification techniques leading to thick treated layers, to predict ion beam mixing and impurity atom migration during and after implantation, and to evaluate the tribological post-implantation properties and performance of treated components. This TECDOC summarises the current status and prospects in surface modification by ion implantation methodology and technology, providing new information in basic and applied research

  18. Time-of-flight mass spectrometry of DNA laser-ablated from frozen aqueous solutions: applications to the Human Genome Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Peter W.; Schieltz, David; Nelson, Randall W.; Chou, Chau-Wen; Luo, Cong-Wen; Thomas, Robert

    1993-06-01

    Techniques have been developed to volatilize intact massive DNA molecules using pulsed laser ablation of thin frozen films of aqueous DNA solutions. Electrophoresis assay of the ablated DNA shows that molecules as massive as approximately 400,000 Da can be ablated intact. It has been possible to obtain time-of-flight mass spectra of ablated multicomponent mixtures of single-stranded DNA with masses up to approximately 18,000 Da (a 60-nucleotide DNA oligomer). The possible application of time-of-flight mass spectrometry to the analysis and readout of DNA sequence mixtures, and the potential thereby to accelerate the Human Genome project, are discussed.

  19. Integrated Application of Active Controls (IAAC) technology to an advanced subsonic transport project: Current and advanced act control system definition study

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-01-01

    The Current and Advanced Technology ACT control system definition tasks of the Integrated Application of Active Controls (IAAC) Technology project within the Energy Efficient Transport Program are summarized. The systems mechanize six active control functions: (1) pitch augmented stability; (2) angle of attack limiting; (3) lateral/directional augmented stability; (4) gust load alleviation; (5) maneuver load control; and (6) flutter mode control. The redundant digital control systems meet all function requirements with required reliability and declining weight and cost as advanced technology is introduced.

  20. Application of Decadal Scale Projections Based on Large Scale Climate Indices to Decision Making in the Colorado River Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erkyihun, S. T.; Zagona, E. A.; Rajagopalan, B.

    2015-12-01

    Effective water resources planning and management requires skillful decisions on multi-year or decadal timeframes. In basins such as the Colorado River Basin (CRB), streamflow is not stationary but exhibits variability that reflects teleconnections with large scale climate indices such as Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation (AMO) and Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). A recently developed stochastic streamflow simulation and projection model, the Wavelet K-Nearest Neighbor (WKNN) model, identifies and reconstructs dominant quasi-periodic signals in the AMO and PDO using wavelet analysis, simulates each using block K-Nearest Neighbor (K-NN) bootstrap, then simulates the streamflow using a K-NN bootstrap conditioned on the simulated climate forcings, and has been demonstrated to produce skillful decadal scale projections of streamflow in the CRB. The Bureau of Reclamation's 2012 Colorado River Basin Supply and Demand Study used scenarios to explore the use of options and strategies such as infrastructure development, conservation and efficiency improvements to address supply-demand imbalances. Each year in the simulated scenarios, decision criteria such as reservoir elevations and average flows over recent years were applied to determine system vulnerability and the need to implement options and strategies to mitigate future shortages. This presentation describes the addition of the WKNN generated decadal scale flow projections to the decision criteria. In addition, periods of poor predictability are identified by using a nonlinear dynamical system based approach to recover the underlying dynamics. Time varying predictability is assessed by quantifying the divergence of trajectories in the phase space with time, using Local Lyapunov Exponents (LLE). Skillful decadal scale streamflow projections within the high predictable time epochs are used to indicate future flow conditions and improve decisions. An ensemble of projections is considered to be wet or dry based

  1. Polytope projects

    CERN Document Server

    Iordache, Octavian

    2013-01-01

    How do you know what works and what doesn't? This book contains case studies highlighting the power of polytope projects for complex problem solving. Any sort of combinational problem characterized by a large variety of possibly complex constructions and deconstructions based on simple building blocks can be studied in a similar way. Although the majority of case studies are related to chemistry, the method is general and equally applicable to other fields for engineering or science.

  2. A pilot demonstration project of technology application from the aerospace industry to city management (four cities program)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ervin, G. F.; Blomeyer, L. S.

    1972-01-01

    The Four Cities Program has completed the first year of the planned two-year program. At the beginning of the first year, a variety of program initiation activities were accomplished. Contracts were negotiated; science and technology advisors were interviewed, selected and assigned; general indoctrination and integration of the advisors into city affairs occurred; technical needs were identified and related projects pursued; pilot projects for the second year were identified; inter-city coordination on technical problems began to emerge; and the general soundness of the four cities program seems to have been established. Above all, the inter-personal relationships between the advisors and their interfaces in city government appear to be functioning smoothly. The establishment of such mutual respect, trusts, and confidences are believed essential to the success of the program.

  3. Application of PERALS™ alpha spectrometry and gamma spectrometry for analysis and investigation of environmental spills at ISL uranium mining projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borysenko, A; Ostrowski, A; Bellifemine, D; Palmer, G; Haigh, P; Johnston, A

    2014-03-01

    Radiation protection and environmental monitoring in mining requires effective and reliable radionuclide analysis at all stages of the mine project-prior to mining, during operation and through to remediation and decommissioning. The approach presented in this paper was specially developed for the monitoring of radioactive waste resulting from spills during mining and mineral processing operations and uses a combination of high resolution gamma spectrometry, and PERALS™ alpha spectrometry to identify and reliably quantify the activity of the major members of the U-238 decay chain at activities down to 10 mBq g(-1) by direct radionuclide counting and by assessment of the activity of their decay products. This approach has reduced sample preparation and analysis time while providing effective analysis and quantification of naturally occurring radionuclides in environmental samples. It has been successfully applied to several in situ leach (ISL) mining-related projects involving investigations of process material spill impacts and also to routine environmental monitoring. PMID:24270399

  4. Application of NEPA to nuclear weapons production, storage, and testing Weinberger v. Catholic Action of Hawaii/Peace Education Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requirement of environmental impact statements for the testing of military equipment, specifically nuclear weapons, conflicts with national security objectives. The author examines NEPA and the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) in terms of the environmental effects of weapons testing and the relevant case law. The Supreme Court's decision in Catholic Action of Hawaii/Peace Education Project sought to resolve the conflict by distinguishing between a project which is contemplated and one which is proposed. The classification scheme embodied in the FOIA exemption for national security may cause unwarranted frustration of NEPA's goals. The author outlines a new classification system and review mechanism that could curb military abuse in this area

  5. User profiles of a smartphone application to support drug adherence--experiences from the iNephro project.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Becker

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: One of the key problems in the drug therapy of patients with chronic conditions is drug adherence. In 2010 the initiative iNephro was launched (www.inephro.de. A software to support regular and correct drug intake was developed for a smartphone platform (iOS. The study investigated whether and how smartphone users deployed such an application. METHODS: Together with cooperating partners the mobile application "Medikamentenplan" ("Medication Plan" was developed. Users are able to keep and alter a list of their regular medication. A memory function supports regular intake. The application can be downloaded free of charge from the App Store™ by Apple™. After individual consent of users from December 2010 to April 2012 2042338 actions were recorded and analysed from the downloaded applications. Demographic data were collected from 2279 users with a questionnaire. RESULTS: Overall the application was used by 11688 smartphone users. 29% (3406/11688 used it at least once a week for at least four weeks. 27% (3209/11688 used the application for at least 84 days. 68% (1554/2279 of users surveyed were male, the stated age of all users was between 6-87 years (mean 44. 74% of individuals (1697 declared to be suffering from cardiovascular disease, 13% (292 had a previous history of transplantation, 9% (205 were suffering from cancer, 7% (168 reported an impaired renal function and 7% (161 suffered from diabetes mellitus. 69% (1568 of users were on <6 different medications, 9% (201 on 6 - 10 and 1% (26 on more than 10. CONCLUSION: A new smartphone application, which supports drug adherence, was used regularly by chronically ill users with a wide range of diseases over a longer period of time. The majority of users so far were middle-aged and male.

  6. A study to assess completeness of project application forms submitted to Institutional Ethics Committees (IEC of a tertiary care hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yashashri C Shetty

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To review Ethics Committee (EC application forms and to find out similarities and differences in content of five ECs forms in India. Materials and Methods: The completeness of EC application forms was assessed on the following themes: title, study team, sponsor responsibility, scientific aspects, patient safety, regulatory permissions, Informed consent process from 2008-2009. Application forms (available online of 5 ECs were studied and compared. Results: A total of 445 application forms were analyzed, 382 were academic, 63 were sponsored. The common deficiencies in academic studies were inappropriate titles (25.13%, lack of budget details (90%. More than 95% studies had not mentioned the method of recruitment. The issue of vulnerability was not marked in more than 50% of studies. Compensation for participation/injury was poorly stated in academic (99% studies. Among industry sponsored studies, 98% were compliant with regulatory permissions and 41% were CTRI registered. The information pertaining to Informed Consent was mentioned in all forms. Comparative analysis of application forms of 5 ECs showed that the requirements for submission were similar except 1-2 ECs asked for additional information like percentage of time allotted by investigator for studies, GCP training of study team, certification by investigator regarding accuracy of local versions of Informed consent. Conclusion: Our study recommends that increased awareness and vigilance by investigators of academic studies regarding submission of applications to EC will increase efficiency and speed of review process. A common application form for all ECs across India would be an important step to achieve uniformity in functioning of ethics committees.

  7. A Visual Database System for Image Analysis on Parallel Computers and its Application to the EOS Amazon Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, Linda G.; Tanimoto, Steven L.; Ahrens, James P.

    1996-01-01

    The goal of this task was to create a design and prototype implementation of a database environment that is particular suited for handling the image, vision and scientific data associated with the NASA's EOC Amazon project. The focus was on a data model and query facilities that are designed to execute efficiently on parallel computers. A key feature of the environment is an interface which allows a scientist to specify high-level directives about how query execution should occur.

  8. Application of Visible Light-based Projection Stereolithography for Live Cell-Scaffold Fabrication with Designed Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Lin, Hang; Zhang, Dongning; Alexander, Peter G.; Yang, Guang; Tan, Jian; Cheng, Anthony Wai-Ming; Tuan, Rocky S

    2012-01-01

    One-step scaffold fabrication with live cell incorporation is a highly desirable technology for tissue engineering and regeneration. Projection stereolithography (PSL) represents a promising method owing to its fine resolution, high fabrication speed and computer-aided design (CAD) capabilities. However, the majority of current protocols utilize water-insoluble photoinitiators that are incompatible with live cell-fabrication, and ultraviolet (UV) light that is damaging to the cellular DNA. We...

  9. Digital tools for urban development project: GIS application to PTAL assess and land valuation and traffic simulation for piazza renewal

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Zhen; Camolese, Samuele

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays, the increasing density and expansion of urban areas make cities as complexes with massive activities. The new input of the upgrating urban functions brings uncertainty to the transformation of downtown. Previous to the urban design, to visualize and assess the land value, and evaluate the possible density of the urban development supported by the public transport, a GIS platform is required. During the project of urban renewal design for the 13 km2 area of downtown Ba...

  10. On discrete least square projection in unbounded domain with random evaluations and its application to parametric uncertainty quantification

    OpenAIRE

    TANG, TAO; Zhou, Tao

    2014-01-01

    This work is concerned with approximating multivariate functions in unbounded domain by using discrete least-squares projection with random points evaluations. Particular attention are given to functions with random Gaussian or Gamma parameters. We first demonstrate that the traditional Hermite (Laguerre) polynomials chaos expansion suffers from the \\textit{instability} in the sense that an \\textit{unfeasible} number of points, which is relevant to the dimension of the approximation space, is...

  11. Characterization of soil droughts in France and climate change. The ClimSec project: results and applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ClimSec project has studied the impact of climate change on drought and soil water over France by using a climatological reanalysis of the SAFRAN/ISBA/MODCOU suite (SIM) since 1958. Standardized drought indices for precipitation (SPI) and soil moisture (SSWI) have been defined for research purposes to characterize the various kinds of events. They were then adapted for operational hydrological monitoring and used to assess the exceptional drought of spring 2011. These indices were also calculated for future climate from the various regionalized climate projections available over France. Three particular experiments in socio-economic scenarios, climate models and down-scaling methods have been run to estimate the relative importance of the different uncertainties in drought evolution. The assessment of 21. century drought evolution shows a much earlier and more intense occurrence of changes for agricultural droughts linked to soil moisture deficits than for meteorological drought linked with precipitation deficits. Climate projections suggest that France could be affected on the second half of the 21. century by a quasi-continuous drought with a strong intensity, totally unknown in present climate. (authors)

  12. A new approach to combine climate change projections by ordered weighting averaging operator; applications to northwestern provinces of Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amir Rahmani, Mohammad; Zarghami, Mahdi

    2013-03-01

    The projections of the climate change by using General Climate Models (GCMs) are uncertain. Hence, combining the results of GCMs is now an effective solution to tackle this uncertainty. To evaluate the performance of GCMs, a new measure based on the similarity of the projections is defined. In defining this measure the Ordered Weighted Averaging (OWA) approach is used. The relative weights of the GCMs projections in different stations, to be aggregated by the OWA operator, are obtained by regular increasing monotone fuzzy quantifiers, which model the risk preferences of the decision maker. To show the effectiveness of the approach, climate change in the northwestern provinces of Iran is studied by using the data of 15 synoptic stations. The weather generator of LARS-WG is used to downscale the GCMs under three emission scenarios (A2, A1B and B1) for the period 2011 to 2030. The combined results, by using the similarity values, indicate a - 0.1 °C to + 4.5 °C change in temperature in the region. Precipitation is expected to increase in summer and fall. Changes in wintry precipitation depend on the location; however the precipitation in spring would have a medium change. The results of this study show the usefulness of OWA operator, which considers the risk attitudes of the decision maker. This approach could help water and environmental managers to tackle the climate uncertainties.

  13. Application of ADINAT/ADINA and MINIMEF codes to the resolution of the different exercises of COSA project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report deals with the activities developed by the working group of the Escuela Tecnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid (E.T.S.I.M.M.) in collaboration with ENRESA within the framework of COSA project organised by the CEC. The ENRESA/ETSIMM working group became involved in the project under contract with the CEC the beginning of the phase named COSA II. For this reason it has been necessary to intensify the efforts in order to carry out, whithin the time available, the benchmarks corresponding to the previous phase COSA I. In this sense, the experience and results obtained by other european groups participating in the project, have proved to be very useful. The benchmarks cases for the different exercises were solved using the commercially available code ADINAT/ADINA and also the code developed by ETSIMM from the code named MINIMEF. In this report, in first place, a brief description of MINIMEF code is presented. A description of ADINA/ADINAT codes has not been included as these codes are well known. Next, the different benchmarks used, shall be described. The first two belong to the COSA I exercise while the latter is the one solved in the COSA II phase. All the results showed satisfactory as compared with those obtained by other working groups

  14. Revealed Preference and Effectiveness of Public Investment in Ecological River Restoration Projects: An Application of the Count Data Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoon Lee

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Ecological river restoration projects aim to revitalize healthy and self-sustaining river systems that can provide irreplaceable benefits to human society. Cheonggyecheon and Anyangcheon are two sites of recent river restoration projects in Korea. To assess the economic value of two rivers, count data was collected to conduct the individual travel cost method (ITCM in this study. Five statistical models such as the Poisson, the negative binomial, the zero-truncated Poisson, the negative binomial, and negative binomial model adjusted for both truncation and endogenous stratification were used in the analysis due to the nature of count data. Empirical results showed that regressors were statistically significant and corresponded to conventional consumer theory. Since collected count data indicated over-dispersion and endogenous stratification, the adjusted Negative Binomial was selected as an optimal model to analyze the recreational value of Cheonggyecheon and Anyangcheon. Estimates of the annual economic value of two river restoration projects were approximately US $170.1 million and US $50.5 million, respectively.

  15. Design and vibration analysis of a piezoelectric-actuated MEMS scanning mirror and its application to laser projection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study presents the design and analysis of a two-axis scanner driven by lead-zirconate-titanate (PZT) ceramic. The proposed device consists of a silicon-based MEMS scanning mirror and a bulk-type piezoelectric actuator. The MEMS process involves three masks. The experimental results showed that the fast and slow frequencies at resonance are 29.6 kHz and 4.8 kHz, respectively. For the fast scan, the scanning angle is 46.9 degrees at a driving voltage of 10 V. For the slow scan, the scanning angle is 22.6 degrees at a driving voltage of 20 V. A multi-DOF vibration model was developed to analyze the scanning characteristics of the device. The numerical simulations, including the resonance frequency, scanning angle and the mode coupling phenomenon, were validated with the experimental observations. This study also develops a laser projection module integrated with the scanning device. The module can receive a video content with a resolution of 720 p and project a 16:9 image that is 19 inches in diagonal at a projection distance of 600 mm. (paper)

  16. SOLERAS - Solar Controlled Environment Agriculture Project. Final report, Volume 9. Science Applications, Incorporated Phase 2 - definition study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1985-01-01

    This report describes the effort required to implement the design of the Solar Controlled Environment Agriculture Engineering Test Facility, SCEA-ETF. This report is a basic blueprint for the Phase 2 activities which have as a goal the construction of the ETF. These activities have been broken down into five major tasks, namely Project Management; Engineering and Design; Procurement/Fabrication; Construction, Installation and Checkout; and Operation and Maintenance. The type of activities required under each of these tasks are described followed by a detailed work breakdown structure. The Phase 2 project organization is discussed. A 13 month schedule for the total project is also given. Lastly, two appendices discuss cost adjustment factors for an ETF located in the KSA, and an update of the commercial system cost estimate based on preliminary cost quotations for the ETF. The results show a 63% cost increase for the KSA ETF primarily due to higher construction costs and greater well depth. The commercial system cost required an adjustment upwards of 7.7%.

  17. Price Discrimination and Consumer Surplus. Applications of Calculus to Economics Modules and Monographs in Undergraduate Mathematics and Its Applications Project. UMAP Unit 294.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nevison, Christopher H.

    This unit considers the application of calculus in determining price discrimination and consumer surplus in a competitive market. Producer surplus and two-tier price discrimination are also developed in problems. It is noted that calculus cannot usually provide numerical answers for practical economic problems. The importance of calculus…

  18. Texas Clean Energy Project: Decision Point Application, Section 2: Topical Report - Phase 1, February 2010-October 2013

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mattes, Karl

    2013-09-01

    Summit Texas Clean Energy, LLC (STCE) is developing the Texas Clean Energy Project (TCEP or the Project) to be located near Penwell, Texas. The TCEP will include an Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power plant with a nameplate capacity of 400 megawatts electric (MWe), combined with the production of urea fertilizer and the capture, utilization and storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) sold commercially for regional use in enhanced oil recovery (EOR) in the Permian Basin of west Texas. The TCEP will utilize coal gasification technology to convert Powder River Basin subbituminous coal delivered by rail from Wyoming into a synthetic gas (syngas) that will be cleaned and further treated so that at least 90 percent of the overall carbon entering the IGCC facility will be captured. The clean syngas will then be divided into two highhydrogen (H2) concentration streams, one of which will be combusted as a fuel in a combined cycle power block for power generation and the other converted into urea fertilizer for commercial sale. The captured CO2 will be divided into two streams: one will be used in producing the urea fertilizer and the other will be compressed for transport by pipeline for offsite use in EOR and permanent underground sequestration. The TCEP was selected by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE) for cost-shared co-funded financial assistance under Round 3 of its Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI). A portion of this financial assistance was budgeted and provided for initial development, permitting and design activities. STCE and the DOE executed a Cooperative Agreement dated January 29, 2010, which defined the objectives of the Project for all phases. During Phase 1, STCE conducted and completed all objectives defined in the initial development, permitting and design portions of the Cooperative Agreement. This topical report summarizes all work associated with the project objectives, and

  19. Application of Project Method to Ordnance Maintenance Sergeants Teaching%项目教学法在军械制配士官教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许平勇; 李纯仁; 李晓峰

    2012-01-01

      On the basis of the features of project teaching method and the primary attributes of sergeant education, this article expounds the application of project method to the teaching of ordnance maintenance sergeants, brings about the teaching procedures and presents the teaching design and skill operation standard by combining the examples. Teaching practice shows that this proposed project teaching method can furthest promote the cadets’learning initiative.%  依据项目教学法的特点和士官教育的基本属性,阐述了项目教学法在军械制配士官教学中的应用,提出了教学步骤;结合实例,给出了教学设计及技能操作标准。教学实践表明,项目教学法能最大限度地激发学员的学习积极性。

  20. Development and application of computational fluid dynamics approaches within the European project THINS for the simulation of next generation nuclear power systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Papukchiev, Angel, E-mail: angel.papukchiev@grs.de [Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS) mbH, Garching n. Munich (Germany); Roelofs, Ferry; Shams, Afaque [Nuclear Research and Consultancy Group, Petten (Netherlands); Lecrivain, Gregory [Institute of Fluid Dynamics, Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Ambrosini, Walter [University of Pisa, Pisa (Italy)

    2015-08-15

    Highlights: • Thermal–hydraulic crosscutting issues related to Generation IV reactor concepts have been investigated within the European Project THINS. • New nuclear systems are characterized by various non-unity Prandtl number coolants. • Improvements in the turbulence modeling for innovative coolants have been achieved. • Extensive development and validation work has been done. - Abstract: Today computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is widely used in industrial companies, research institutes and technical safety organizations to supplement the design and analysis of diverse technical components and large systems. Such numerical programs are applied to better understand complex fluid flow and heat transfer phenomena. In the last decades there is an increasing interest in the nuclear community to utilize such advanced programs for the evaluation of different nuclear reactor safety issues, where traditional analysis tools show deficiencies. Within the FP7 European project THINS (Thermal Hydraulics of Innovative Nuclear Systems), CFD and coupled 1D-3D thermal–hydraulic simulations are being carried out. These are dedicated to the analysis of the thermal–hydraulics of gas, liquid metal and supercritical water cooled reactors. Such concepts utilize innovative fluids, which have different properties from the ones used in the current nuclear reactors. In order to improve the thermal–hydraulic predictions of their behavior, CFD development, application and validation activities are performed within THINS. This overview paper highlights some of the CFD related work within the European project.