WorldWideScience

Sample records for application general information

  1. Hanford facility dangerous waste permit application, general information portion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Price, S.M., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-07-29

    The `Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application` is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (this document, DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit- Specific Portion. The scope of the General Information Portion includes information that could be used to discuss operating units, units undergoing closure, or units being dispositioned through other options. Documentation included in the General Information Portion is broader in nature and could be used by multiple treatment, storage, and/or disposal units. A checklist indicating where information is contained in the General Information Portion, in relation to the Washington State Department of Ecology guidance documentation, is located in the Contents Section. The intent of the General Information Portion is: (1) to provide an overview of the Hanford Facility; and (2) to assist in streamlining efforts associated with treatment, storage, and/or disposal unit-specific Part B permit application, preclosure work plan, closure work plan, closure plan, closure/postclosure plan, or postclosure permit application documentation development, and the `Hanford Facility Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit` modification process. Revision 2 of the General Information Portion of the `Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application` contains information current as of May 1, 1996. This document is a complete submittal and supersedes Revision 1.

  2. Hanford facility dangerous waste permit application, general information portion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hays, C.B.

    1998-05-19

    The Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (document number DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit-Specific Portion. Both the General Information and Unit-Specific portions of the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application address the content of the Part B permit application guidance prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1996) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (40 Code of Federal Regulations 270), with additional information needed by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments and revisions of Washington Administrative Code 173-303. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion is broader in nature and could be used by multiple treatment, storage, and/or disposal units (e.g., the glossary provided in this report).

  3. Hanford facility dangerous waste permit application, general information portion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (document number DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit-Specific Portion. Both the General Information and Unit-Specific portions of the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application address the content of the Part B permit application guidance prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1996) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (40 Code of Federal Regulations 270), with additional information needed by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments and revisions of Washington Administrative Code 173-303. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion is broader in nature and could be used by multiple treatment, storage, and/or disposal units (e.g., the glossary provided in this report)

  4. 14 CFR 151.21 - Procedures: Application; general information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures: Application; general information. 151.21 Section 151.21 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... (built, if necessary), without regard to their race, color, religion, sex, or national origin, before...

  5. Hanford Facility dangerous waste permit application, general information. Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-05-01

    The current Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (this document, number DOE/RL-91-28) and a treatment, storage, and/or disposal Unit-Specific Portion, which includes documentation for individual TSD units (e.g., document numbers DOE/RL-89-03 and DOE/RL-90-01). Both portions consist of a Part A division and a Part B division. The Part B division consists of 15 chapters that address the content of the Part B checklists prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1987) and the US Environmental Protection Agency (40 Code of Federal Regulations 270), with additional information requirements mandated by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 and revisions of Washington Administrative Code 173-303. For ease of reference, the Washington State Department of Ecology checklist section numbers, in brackets, follow the chapter headings and subheadings. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion (i.e., this document, number DOE/RL-91-28) is broader in nature and applies to all treatment, storage, and/or disposal units for which final status is sought. Because of its broad nature, the Part A division of the General Information Portion references the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Part A Permit Application (document number DOE/RL-88-21), a compilation of all Part A documentation for the Hanford Facility.

  6. Hanford Facility dangerous waste permit application, general information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The current Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (this document, number DOE/RL-91-28) and a treatment, storage, and/or disposal Unit-Specific Portion, which includes documentation for individual TSD units (e.g., document numbers DOE/RL-89-03 and DOE/RL-90-01). Both portions consist of a Part A division and a Part B division. The Part B division consists of 15 chapters that address the content of the Part B checklists prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1987) and the US Environmental Protection Agency (40 Code of Federal Regulations 270), with additional information requirements mandated by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 and revisions of Washington Administrative Code 173-303. For ease of reference, the Washington State Department of Ecology checklist section numbers, in brackets, follow the chapter headings and subheadings. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion (i.e., this document, number DOE/RL-91-28) is broader in nature and applies to all treatment, storage, and/or disposal units for which final status is sought. Because of its broad nature, the Part A division of the General Information Portion references the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Part A Permit Application (document number DOE/RL-88-21), a compilation of all Part A documentation for the Hanford Facility

  7. Generalized Information Architecture for Managing Requirements in IBM?s Rational DOORS(r) Application.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aragon, Kathryn M.; Eaton, Shelley M.; McCornack, Marjorie Turner; Shannon, Sharon A.

    2014-12-01

    When a requirements engineering effort fails to meet expectations, often times the requirements management tool is blamed. Working with numerous project teams at Sandia National Laboratories over the last fifteen years has shown us that the tool is rarely the culprit; usually it is the lack of a viable information architecture with well- designed processes to support requirements engineering. This document illustrates design concepts with rationale, as well as a proven information architecture to structure and manage information in support of requirements engineering activities for any size or type of project. This generalized information architecture is specific to IBM's Rational DOORS (Dynamic Object Oriented Requirements System) software application, which is the requirements management tool in Sandia's CEE (Common Engineering Environment). This generalized information architecture can be used as presented or as a foundation for designing a tailored information architecture for project-specific needs. It may also be tailored for another software tool. Version 1.0 4 November 201

  8. The Generalized Quantization Schemes for Games and its Application to Quantum Information

    CERN Document Server

    Nawaz, Ahmad

    2010-01-01

    Theory of quantum games is relatively new to the literature and its applications to various areas of research are being explored. It is a novel interpretation of strategies and decisions in quantum domain. In the earlier work on quantum games considerable attention was given to the resolution of dilemmas present in corresponding classical games. Two separate quantum schemes were presented by Eisert et al. and Marinatto and Weber to resolve dilemmas in Prisoners' Dilemma and Battle of Sexes games respectively. However for the latter scheme it was argued that dilemma was not resolved. We have modified the quantization scheme of Marinatto and Weber to resolve the dilemma. We have developed a generalized quantization scheme for two person non-zero sum games which reduces to the existing schemes under certain conditions. Applications of this generalized quantization scheme to quantum information theory are studied. Measurement being ubiquitous in quantum mechanics can not be ignored in quantum games. With the help...

  9. Hanford facility dangerous waste permit application, general information portion. Revision 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sonnichsen, J.C.

    1997-08-21

    For purposes of the Hanford facility dangerous waste permit application, the US Department of Energy`s contractors are identified as ``co-operators`` and sign in that capacity (refer to Condition I.A.2. of the Dangerous Waste Portion of the Hanford Facility Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit). Any identification of these contractors as an ``operator`` elsewhere in the application is not meant to conflict with the contractors` designation as co-operators but rather is based on the contractors` contractual status with the U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office. The Dangerous Waste Portion of the initial Hanford Facility Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit, which incorporated five treatment, storage, and/or disposal units, was based on information submitted in the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application and in closure plan and closure/postclosure plan documentation. During 1995, the Dangerous Waste Portion was modified twice to incorporate another eight treatment, storage, and/or disposal units; during 1996, the Dangerous Waste Portion was modified once to incorporate another five treatment, storage, and/or disposal units. The permit modification process will be used at least annually to incorporate additional treatment, storage, and/or disposal units as permitting documentation for these units is finalized. The units to be included in annual modifications are specified in a schedule contained in the Dangerous Waste Portion of the Hanford Facility Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit. Treatment, storage, and/or disposal units will remain in interim status until incorporated into the Permit. The Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (this document, DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit-Specific Portion. The scope of the Unit-Specific Portion is limited to individual operating treatment, storage, and/or disposal units for which

  10. Hanford facility dangerous waste permit application, general information portion. Revision 3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For purposes of the Hanford facility dangerous waste permit application, the US Department of Energy's contractors are identified as ''co-operators'' and sign in that capacity (refer to Condition I.A.2. of the Dangerous Waste Portion of the Hanford Facility Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit). Any identification of these contractors as an ''operator'' elsewhere in the application is not meant to conflict with the contractors' designation as co-operators but rather is based on the contractors' contractual status with the U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office. The Dangerous Waste Portion of the initial Hanford Facility Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit, which incorporated five treatment, storage, and/or disposal units, was based on information submitted in the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application and in closure plan and closure/postclosure plan documentation. During 1995, the Dangerous Waste Portion was modified twice to incorporate another eight treatment, storage, and/or disposal units; during 1996, the Dangerous Waste Portion was modified once to incorporate another five treatment, storage, and/or disposal units. The permit modification process will be used at least annually to incorporate additional treatment, storage, and/or disposal units as permitting documentation for these units is finalized. The units to be included in annual modifications are specified in a schedule contained in the Dangerous Waste Portion of the Hanford Facility Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit. Treatment, storage, and/or disposal units will remain in interim status until incorporated into the Permit. The Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (this document, DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit-Specific Portion. The scope of the Unit-Specific Portion is limited to individual operating treatment, storage, and/or disposal units for which

  11. General Information about Melanoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Screening Research Melanoma Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Melanoma Go to Health Professional Version Key ... the PDQ Adult Treatment Editorial Board . Clinical Trial Information A clinical trial is a study to answer ...

  12. Tuberculosis: General Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    TB Elimination Tuberculosis: General Information What is TB? Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by germs that are spread from person ... Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Division of Tuberculosis Elimination CS227840_A What Does a Positive Test ...

  13. Deduction and application of generalized Euler formula in topological relation of geographic information system (GIS)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Shuqing; ZHANG Junyan; ZHANG Bai

    2004-01-01

    By combining geographic information system (GIS), a new conception of "group" in which covers the complex connected region is introduced in the paper. Based on the conception of group, a generalized Euler formula and its properties are deduced and proved. The paper also describes the mathematical principles of generating topological information of polygon in GIS maps and the methods for checking up the veracity of topological relations of the map with Euler formula and general Euler formula. We have also obtained the quantitative relations among real nodes, chains, islands and groups with the formulas. At the same time, the paper introduces Whole Sphere Stereographic (WSS) projection into the GIS, and defines a new conception of "sea". The deduction of general Euler formula and the introduction of WSS projection to GIS have developed new ways of delineating GIS topological models from plane to sphere and even constructing three dimensional (3-D) topological models.

  14. 50 CFR 13.12 - General information requirements on applications for permits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... of wildlife or plants from or to any foreign country, and the country of origin, or the country of... application, including, but not limited to, information on the environmental effects of the activity consistent with 40 CFR 1506.5 and Departmental procedures at 516 DM 6, Appendix 1.3A. (b)...

  15. 22 CFR 61.9 - General information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false General information. 61.9 Section 61.9 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES WORLD-WIDE FREE FLOW OF AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS § 61.9 General information. General information and application forms may be obtained by writing to...

  16. Information theory and statistical nuclear reactions. I. General theory and applications to few-channel problems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mello, P.A.; Pereyra, P.; Seligman, T.H.

    1985-05-01

    Ensembles of scattering S-matrices have been used in the past to describe the statistical fluctuations exhibited by many nuclear-reaction cross sections as a function of energy. In recent years, there have been attempts to construct these ensembles explicitly in terms of S, by directly proposinng a statistical law for S. In the present paper, it is shown that, for an arbitrary number of channels, one can incorporate, in the ensemble of S-matrices, the conditions of flux conservation, time-reversal invariance, causality, ergodicity, and the requirement that the ensemble average coincide with the optical scattering matrix. Since these conditions do not specify the ensemble uniquely, the ensemble that has maximum information-entropy is dealt with among those that satisfy the above requirements. Some applications to few-channel problems and comparisons to Monte-Carlo calculations are presented.

  17. How general is general information construct?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Predrag Zarevski

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available There is a small number of constructs in the field of differential psychology that have raised so much debate between psychologists and professionals in related disciplines as is the case of general (verbal information construct. It seemed reasonable to test the validity of this construct measured with general information test in comparison with other measures of knowledge (cultural knowledge, vocabulary, knowledge of the most recent events, foreign language knowledge, and a standard verbal type g test. A sample of 376 candidates for state services was tested in a selection situation. Three analyses were conducted to determine the position of general information test in the space of other verbal competency measures. The first analysis questioned latent structure of the space of four tests having the same format and asking about the knowledge of international terms, general culture, knowledge of most recent events, and general information. The second analysis included the g-factor intelligence test so to see how the above described structure changes when this new test is introduced. The third analysis introduced an English language test. In all of the three component analyses only one eigenvalue was larger than 1 and it explained between 52 and 64% of variance. In all analyses general information test had the highest projection on the only significant latent dimension of these cognitive spaces. In other words, it can be concluded that the construct of general information is in the center of this hyperconus. That is why we consider measurement of general information knowledge, as well as the construct itself, to be an important question in psychological diagnostics. Thus, it is important to go further with the investigation of this construct because it does not seem that it is named general information by accident.

  18. NEP Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 and 2. License application, general and financial information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A license application is presented for 2 pressurized water reactors at a proposed location in Charlestown RI. Each reactor will have a net capacity of 1150 MW. Cooling water will be supplied by the Atlantic Ocean. NEP-1 is scheduled for operation in 1983 and NEP-2 in 1985

  19. Edwin I. Hatch Nuclear Plant, Unit 2. License application, general information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An application for a direct cycle BWR is presented. The reactor will be located about 11 miles north of Baxley, Ga., near the south bank of the Ultamaha River in Appling County close to Hatch-1 Reactor. The core thermal power level will be 2537 MW(t) and the electrical power level will be 795 MW(e). Mechanical cooling towers will be utilized

  20. Palo Verde Generating Station, Units 4 and 5. License application, general information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A license application for two more Palo Verde reactors, Units 4 and 5, is presented. The two PWR reactors have a nominal net generating power each of 1,270 MW(e). Containments are steel-lined prestressed cylindrical structures with hemispherical domes. The reactors are replicas of Palo Verde 1, 2 and 3 (see DOCKETS 50528, 50529 and 50530) using the standard Combustion Engineering System 80 (see DOCKET-STN-50470)

  1. Marble Hill Nuclear Generating Station, Units 1 and 2. License application, PSAR, general information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An application is presented for two PWR reactors to be constructed in Salud Township, Jefferson County, Indiana, about six miles northeast of New Washington on the Ohio River. Each unit will have a rated core power level of 3411 MW(t) with a corresponding electrical output of 1130 MW(e). Mechanical draft cooling towers will be provided. The facility, which will replicate the Byron facility will be employed for the generation of electricity for transmission, sale for resale, and distribution

  2. Health Facility General Information

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This featured Application Programming Interface (API) page serves as a reference for developers who are building tools that interact with the data on Health Data...

  3. Labor Informality: General Causes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Sandoval Betancour

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the main causes of labor informality in order to verify the validity of classical theories that explain unemployment in market economies and its relationship to informality. Methodologically, the project was based, in the empirical part, on international statistics, comparing the evolution of labor market structure in a combined sample of highly industrialized countries and other less industrialized ones. Empirical evidence supports the conclusion that the classical economic theory of Marxist origin is inefficient to explain the causes of unemployment in contemporary market economies, as well as it fails to satisfactorily explain informality. On the contrary, we conclude that the theory in question is more relevant to explain informality in centrally planned economies where this phenomenon has been present even more significantly than in free market economies.

  4. 78 FR 54862 - Information Collection; General Program Administration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-06

    ... Farm Service Agency Information Collection; General Program Administration AGENCY: Farm Service Agency... Programs (FLP) General Program Administration. The information collected is used to ensure that applicants... INFORMATION: ] Title: Farm Loan Programs, General Program Administration. OMB Control Number:...

  5. Medical Information Management System (MIMS): A generalized interactive information system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alterescu, S.; Friedman, C. A.; Hipkins, K. R.

    1975-01-01

    An interactive information system is described. It is a general purpose, free format system which offers immediate assistance where manipulation of large data bases is required. The medical area is a prime area of application. Examples of the system's operation, commentary on the examples, and a complete listing of the system program are included.

  6. Credential Application Awaiting Information

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — When a Credential application or required documentation is incomplete, an Awaiting Information letter is issued. The application process cannot continue until all...

  7. A proposed general model of information behaviour.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Presents a critical description of Wilson's (1996 global model of information behaviour and proposes major modification on the basis of research into information behaviour of managers, conducted in Poland. The theoretical analysis and research results suggest that Wilson's model has certain imperfections, both in its conceptual content, and in graphical presentation. The model, for example, cannot be used to describe managers' information behaviour, since managers basically are not the end users of external from organization or computerized information services, and they acquire information mainly through various intermediaries. Therefore, the model cannot be considered as a general model, applicable to every category of information users. The proposed new model encompasses the main concepts of Wilson's model, such as: person-in-context, three categories of intervening variables (individual, social and environmental, activating mechanisms, cyclic character of information behaviours, and the adoption of a multidisciplinary approach to explain them. However, the new model introduces several changes. They include: 1. identification of 'context' with the intervening variables; 2. immersion of the chain of information behaviour in the 'context', to indicate that the context variables influence behaviour at all stages of the process (identification of needs, looking for information, processing and using it; 3. stress is put on the fact that the activating mechanisms also can occur at all stages of the information acquisition process; 4. introduction of two basic strategies of looking for information: personally and/or using various intermediaries.

  8. General information about nuclear energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The following briefing notes were written to provide background information about nuclear power in Europe for journalists covering ENC 2002. They deal with four separate aspects of nuclear electricity generation: Economics; Environment; Safety; Waste Management. (authors)

  9. 7 CFR 36.1 - General information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false General information. 36.1 Section 36.1 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... GRADE STANDARDS § 36.1 General information. The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS or agency) of the...

  10. 32 CFR 48.501 - General information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General information. 48.501 Section 48.501 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL, MILITARY AND CIVILIAN RETIRED SERVICEMAN'S FAMILY PROTECTION PLAN Annuity § 48.501 General information. Except as provided...

  11. 32 CFR 324.5 - General information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... PROGRAM DFAS PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM Systems of Records § 324.5 General information. (a) The provisions of DoD 5400.11-R, ‘Department of Defense Privacy Program’ (see 32 CFR part 310) apply to all DFAS systems of... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General information. 324.5 Section...

  12. Information Engineering and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Ma, Yan; International Conference on Information Engineering and Applications (IEA) 2011

    2012-01-01

    The International Conference on Information Engineering and Applications (IEA) 2011 will be held on October 21-24, 2011, in Chongqing, China. It is organized by Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Nanyang Technological University, the University of Michigan, Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences, and sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation of China. The objective of IEA 2011 is to facilitate an exchange of information on best practices for the latest research advances in the area of information engineering and intelligence applications, which mainly includes computer science and engineering, informatics, communications and control, electrical engineering, information computing, business intelligence and management. IEA 2011 will provide a forum for engineers and scientists in academia, industry, and government to address the most innovative research and development including technical challenges, social and economic issues, and to present and disc...

  13. General Equilibrium Pricing with Information Asymmetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuzhong eZhang

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available We propose a general equilibrium model for asset pricing that incorporates asymmetric information as the key element determining security prices. In our setting, the concepts of completeness, arbitrage, state price and equivalent martingale measure are extended to the case of asymmetric information. Our model shows that in a so-called quasi-complete market, the agents with differential information can reach an agreement on an universal equilibrium price. The corresponding state price and martingale measure are determined. The key intuition is that agents evaluate consumption choices conditioned on their private information and the public information generated by price. As a consequence, information asymmetry can lead to mispricing as well.

  14. General Information about Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Treatment Childhood AML Treatment Research Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Go to Health Professional Version Key Points Adult ...

  15. General Information about Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Treatment Childhood AML Treatment Research Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Go to Health Professional Version Key Points Adult ...

  16. General Information about Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ALL Treatment Childhood AML Treatment Research Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Go to Health Professional Version Key Points Chronic ...

  17. General Information About Hairy Cell Leukemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ALL Treatment Childhood AML Treatment Research Hairy Cell Leukemia Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Hairy Cell Leukemia Go to Health Professional Version Key Points Hairy ...

  18. General Information about Small Cell Lung Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Cancer Prevention Lung Cancer Screening Research Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Small Cell Lung Cancer Go to Health Professional Version Key Points Small ...

  19. General Information about MRSA in the Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Submit What's this? Submit Button General Information About MRSA in the Community Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share ... MRSA Who Is At Risk, and How Is MRSA Spread In The Community? Anyone can get MRSA ...

  20. General Information about MRSA in Healthcare Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Submit What's this? Submit Button General Information About MRSA in Healthcare Settings Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share ... Problem? Who is at Risk, and How is MRSA Spread in Healthcare Settings? MRSA is usually spread ...

  1. Measuring observability by generalized information theoretic quantities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Badong CHEN; Jinchun HU; Hongbo LI; Zengqi SUN

    2008-01-01

    A normalized measure is established to provide the quantitative information about the degree of observabilty for the discrete-time,stochastically autonomous system.This measure is based on the generalized information theoretic quanties(generalized entropy,mutual information) of the system state and the observations.where the system state can be a discrete or a continuous random vector.Some important properties are presented.For the linear case,the explicit formula for the degree of observability is derived,and the equivalence between the proposed measure and the traditional ranK condition is proved The curves for the degree of observability are depicted in a simple example.

  2. Information science and applications

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    This proceedings volume provides a snapshot of the latest issues encountered in technical convergence and convergences of security technology.  It explores how information science is core to most current research, industrial and commercial activities and consists of contributions covering topics including Ubiquitous Computing, Networks and Information Systems, Multimedia and Visualization, Middleware and Operating Systems, Security and Privacy, Data Mining and Artificial Intelligence, Software Engineering, and Web Technology.   The proceedings introduce the most recent information technology and ideas, applications and problems related to technology convergence, illustrated through case studies, and reviews converging existing security techniques.  Through this volume, readers will gain an understanding of the current state-of-the-art in information strategies and technologies of convergence security. The intended readership are researchers in academia, industry, and other research institutes focusing on ...

  3. GENERALIZED NEKRASOV MATRICES AND APPLICATIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mingxian Pang; Zhuxiang Li

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, the concept of generalized Nekrasov matrices is introduced, some properties of these matrices are discussed, obtained equivalent representation of generalized diagonally dominant matrices.

  4. Possibilistic systems within a general information theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joslyn, C.

    1999-06-01

    The author surveys possibilistic systems theory and place it in the context of Imprecise Probabilities and General Information Theory (GIT). In particular, he argues that possibilistic systems hold a distinct position within a broadly conceived, synthetic GIT. The focus is on systems and applications which are semantically grounded by empirical measurement methods (statistical counting), rather than epistemic or subjective knowledge elicitation or assessment methods. Regarding fuzzy measures as special provisions, and evidence measures (belief and plausibility measures) as special fuzzy measures, thereby he can measure imprecise probabilities directly and empirically from set-valued frequencies (random set measurement). More specifically, measurements of random intervals yield empirical fuzzy intervals. In the random set (Dempster-Shafer) context, probability and possibility measures stand as special plausibility measures in that their distributionality (decomposability) maps directly to an aggregable structure of the focal classes of their random sets. Further, possibility measures share with imprecise probabilities the ability to better handle open world problems where the universe of discourse is not specified in advance. In addition to empirically grounded measurement methods, possibility theory also provides another crucial component of a full systems theory, namely prediction methods in the form of finite (Markov) processes which are also strictly analogous to the probabilistic forms.

  5. Concepts and recent advances in generalized information measures and statistics

    CERN Document Server

    Kowalski, Andres M

    2013-01-01

    Since the introduction of the information measure widely known as Shannon entropy, quantifiers based on information theory and concepts such as entropic forms and statistical complexities have proven to be useful in diverse scientific research fields. This book contains introductory tutorials suitable for the general reader, together with chapters dedicated to the basic concepts of the most frequently employed information measures or quantifiers and their recent applications to different areas, including physics, biology, medicine, economics, communication and social sciences. As these quantif

  6. General solar energy information user study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belew, W.W.; Wood, B.L.; Marle, T.L.; Reinhardt, C.L.

    1981-03-01

    This report describes the results of a series of telephone interviews with groups of users of information on general solar energy. These results, part of a larger study on many different solar technologies, identify types of information each group needed and the best ways to get information to each group. The report is 1 of 10 discussing study results. The overall study provides baseline data about information needs in the solar community. An earlier study identified the information user groups in the solar community and the priority (to accelerate solar energy commercialization) of getting information to each group. In the current study only high-priority groups were examined. Results from 13 groups of respondents are analyzed in this report: Loan Officers, Real Estate Appraisers, Tax Assessors, Insurers, Lawyers, Utility Representatives, Public Interest Group Representatives, Information and Agricultural Representatives, Public Interest Group Representatives, Information and Agricultural Specialists at State Cooperative Extension Service Offices, and State Energy Office Representatives. The data will be used as input to the determination of information products and services the Solar Energy Research Institute, the Solar Energy Information Data Bank Network, and the entire information outreach community should be preparing and disseminating.

  7. Generalized Integral Operators and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Bernard, Séverine; Delcroix, Antoine; 10.1017/S0305004106009327

    2009-01-01

    We extend the theory of distributional kernel operators to a framework of generalized functions, in which they are replaced by integral kernel operators. Moreover, in contrast to the distributional case, we show that these generalized integral operators can be composed unrestrictedly. This leads to the definition of the exponential, and more generally entire functions, of a subclass of such operators.

  8. Generalized Integral Operators and Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Bernard, Séverine; Colombeau, Jean-François; Delcroix, Antoine

    2005-01-01

    We extend the theory of distributional kernel operators to a framework of generalized functions, in which they are replaced by integral kernel operators. Moreover, in contrast to the distributional case, we show that these generalized integral operators can be composed unrestrictedly. This leads to the definition of the exponential, and more generally entire functions, of a subclass of such operators.

  9. 32 CFR 2800.4 - General information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... individual from his employment or criminal prosecution. (k) Special access. Special access authority is... STATES SECURITY PROCEDURES § 2800.4 General information. (a) Staff Security Officer/Top Secret Control... Staff Security Officer will serve as Top Secret Control Officer and Assistant Top Secret Control...

  10. Some physical applications of generalized Lambert functions

    OpenAIRE

    Mező, István; Keady, Grant

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we review the physical applications of the generalized Lambert function recently defined by the first author. Among these applications we mention the eigenstate anomaly of the $H_2^+$ ion, the two dimensional two-body problem in general relativity, the stability analysis of delay differential equations and water-wave applications. We also point out that the inverse Langevin function is nothing else but a specially parametrized generalized Lambert function.

  11. Risks associated with radiation: General information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Employers have a general responsibility to explain occupational risks to their workers. This document has been prepared to assist employers in this task. Employers should inform their workers about radiation risks associated with their work by: identifying the source(s) of radiation exposure; identifying the risk of health effects due to exposure to these sources, including the risk to the embryo and foetus of pregnant female workers; explaining the relationship between regulatory dose limits and the risk of health effects; and, explaining a worker's personal dose in terms of risk. This publication provides basic information on these subjects in a form that is clear and easy to understand. For further information, a list of suggested additional reading is included at the end of the text. (author). 15 refs., 5 tabs., 3 figs

  12. Generalized mutual information of quantum critical chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alcaraz, F. C.; Rajabpour, M. A.

    2015-04-01

    We study the generalized mutual information I˜n of the ground state of different critical quantum chains. The generalized mutual information definition that we use is based on the well established concept of the Rényi divergence. We calculate this quantity numerically for several distinct quantum chains having either discrete Z (Q ) symmetries (Q -state Potts model with Q =2 ,3 ,4 and Z (Q ) parafermionic models with Q =5 ,6 ,7 ,8 and also Ashkin-Teller model with different anisotropies) or the U (1 ) continuous symmetries (Klein-Gordon field theory, X X Z and spin-1 Fateev-Zamolodchikov quantum chains with different anisotropies). For the spin chains these calculations were done by expressing the ground-state wave functions in two special bases. Our results indicate some general behavior for particular ranges of values of the parameter n that defines I˜n. For a system, with total size L and subsystem sizes ℓ and L -ℓ , the I˜n has a logarithmic leading behavior given by c/˜n4 log[L/π sin(π/ℓ L ) ] where the coefficient c˜n is linearly dependent on the central charge c of the underlying conformal field theory describing the system's critical properties.

  13. Towards information inequalities for generalized graph entropies.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lavanya Sivakumar

    Full Text Available In this article, we discuss the problem of establishing relations between information measures for network structures. Two types of entropy based measures namely, the Shannon entropy and its generalization, the Rényi entropy have been considered for this study. Our main results involve establishing formal relationships, by means of inequalities, between these two kinds of measures. Further, we also state and prove inequalities connecting the classical partition-based graph entropies and partition-independent entropy measures. In addition, several explicit inequalities are derived for special classes of graphs.

  14. 12 CFR 5.2 - Rules of general applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Rules of general applicability. 5.2 Section 5.2... applicant and to any other party that the OCC determines should receive notice. (c) Additional information..., procedures, and sample forms. The Manual is available on the OCC's Internet Web page at...

  15. MaTech - the BMFT ''new materials'' materials research program - 1994 annual report about new materials for innovative information technology, energy technology, traffic engineering, medical engineering and production engineering applications, and about general materials research and new fields

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This annual report gives a survey of projects supported within the framework of the Matfo and Ma-Tech programs. These projects focus on research into materials for innovative: 1. information technology, 2. energy technology, 3. traffic engineering, 4. medical engineering, and 5. production engineering applications and on 6. general materials research and new fields. The descriptions of individual projects indicate project goals and work schedules, names of important sub-contractors, and total costs and the funds contributed by BMFT. Information added in an annex includes inter alia a list of publications, lectures, contracts, or patents resulting from project activities in the year 1994. (MM)

  16. MaTech - the BMBF 'New materials' research program - 1995/96 annual report about new materials for innovative information technology, energy technology, traffic engineering, medical engineering and production engineering applications, and about general materials research and new fields

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This annual report gives a survey of projects supported within the framework of the MaTech program. These projects focus on research into materials for innovative: 1. information technology, 2. energy technology, 3. traffic engineering, 4. medical engineering, and 5. production engineering applications and on 6. general materials research and new fields. The descriptions of individual projects indicate project goals and work schedules, names of important sub-contractors, and total costs and the funds contributed by BMFT. Information added in an annex includes inter alia a list of publications, lectures, contracts, or patents resulting from project activities. (MM)

  17. Information applications: Rapporteur summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Siegel, S. [National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD (United States)

    1990-12-31

    An increased level of mathematical sophistication will be needed in the future to be able to handle the spectrum of information as it comes from a broad array of biological systems and other sources. Classification will be an increasingly complex and difficult issue. Several projects that are discussed are being developed by the US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), including a directory of risk assessment projects and a directory of exposure information resources.

  18. Application of enterprise information system

    OpenAIRE

    Čamborová, Michaela

    2012-01-01

    APPLICATION OF ENTEPRISE INFORMATION SYSTEM SUMMARY Information systems are used in every profession. From small companies like flower shops to multinational companies like Coca Cola. Information systems are used to help managers make million dollar decisions, to contact clients anywhere around the world, to advertise product and to make accounting and finance operations. The first part of the thesis brings brief introduction of the history and development of information systems. Th...

  19. 40 CFR 451.1 - General applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... animal production facilities as defined at 40 CFR 122.24 and appendix C of 40 CFR part 122. This part... STANDARDS CONCENTRATED AQUATIC ANIMAL PRODUCTION POINT SOURCE CATEGORY § 451.1 General applicability. As... animals per year in a flow-through, recirculating, net pen or submerged cage system....

  20. 40 CFR 86.1601 - General applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Performance Adjustments for New and In-Use Motor Vehicles and Engines § 86.1601 General applicability. This subpart applies to manufacturers of motor vehicles and motor vehicle engines (hereafter referred to as... manufacturers certifying new light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks, and Otto-cycle complete heavy-duty...

  1. Teaching General Principles and Applications of Dendrogeomorphology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, David R.

    1987-01-01

    Tree-ring analysis in geomorphology can be incorporated into a number of undergraduate methods in order to reconstruct the history of a variety of geomorphic processes. Discusses dendrochronology, general principles of dendrogeomorphology, field sampling methods, laboratory techniques, and examples of applications. (TW)

  2. 40 CFR 438.1 - General applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... STANDARDS METAL PRODUCTS AND MACHINERY POINT SOURCE CATEGORY § 438.1 General applicability. (a) As defined... maintenance of metal parts, products, or machines for use in the Metal Product & Machinery (MP&M) industrial... Products; Mobile Industrial Equipment; Motor Vehicle; Office Machine; Ordnance; Precious Metals and...

  3. Generalized functions, convergence structures, and their applications

    CERN Document Server

    Pap, Endre; Pilipović, Stevan; Vladimirov, Vasilij; International Conference "Generalized functions, convergence structures and their applications" (GFCA-87)

    1988-01-01

    This Proceedings consists of a collection of papers presented at the International Conference "Generalized functions, convergence structures and their applications" held from June 23-27, 1987 in Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia (GFCA-87): 71 participants from 21 countr~es from allover the world took part in the Conference. Proceedings reflects the work of the Conference. Plenary lectures of J. Burzyk, J. F. Colombeau, W. Gahler, H. Keiter, H. Komatsu, B. Stankovic, H. G. Tillman, V. S. Vladimirov provide an up-to-date account of the cur­ rent state of the subject. All these lectures, except H. G. Tillman's, are published in this volume. The published communications give the contemporary problems and achievements in the theory of generalized functions, in the theory of convergence structures and in their applications, specially in the theory of partial differential equations and in the mathematical physics. New approaches to the theory of generalized functions are presented, moti­ vated by concrete problems of applicat...

  4. Deriving and applying generally applicable safety principles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Spray, S.D.

    1998-08-01

    The nuclear detonation safety of modern nuclear weapons depends on a coordinated safety theme incorporating three general safety principles: isolation, inoperability, and incompatibility. The success of this approach has encouraged them to study whether these and/or other principles might be useful in other applications. Not surprisingly, no additional first-principles (based on physical laws) have been identified. However, a more widely applicable definition and application of the principle-based approach has been developed, resulting in a selection of strategies that are basically subsets and varied combinations of the more general principles above. However, identification of principles to be relied on is only one step in providing a safe design. As one other important example, coordinating overall architecture and strategy is essential: the authors term this a safety theme.

  5. 9 CFR 88.2 - General information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS COMMERCIAL TRANSPORTATION OF... who transported the equines information regarding the business of that individual or other...

  6. General Information about Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... following PDQ summaries: Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors Treatment Testicular Cancer Treatment Age and gender can affect the risk ... summaries of the latest published information on cancer prevention, detection, genetics, treatment, supportive care, and complementary and ...

  7. Towards general information theoretical representations of database problems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joslyn, C.

    1997-06-01

    General database systems are described from the General Systems Theoretical (GST) framework. In this context traditional information theoretical (statistical) and general information theoretical (fuzzy measure and set theoretical, possibilistic, and random set theoretical) representations are derived. A preliminary formal framework is introduced.

  8. 47 CFR 76.1602 - Customer service-general information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Customer service-general information. 76.1602... MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1602 Customer service—general information. (a) A... provide written information on each of the following areas at the time of installation of service,...

  9. Solid electrolytes general principles, characterization, materials, applications

    CERN Document Server

    Hagenmuller, Paul

    1978-01-01

    Solid Electrolytes: General Principles, Characterization, Materials, Applications presents specific theories and experimental methods in the field of superionic conductors. It discusses that high ionic conductivity in solids requires specific structural and energetic conditions. It addresses the problems involved in the study and use of solid electrolytes. Some of the topics covered in the book are the introduction to the theory of solid electrolytes; macroscopic evidence for liquid nature; structural models; kinetic models; crystal structures and fast ionic conduction; interstitial motion in

  10. General Information about Primary CNS Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... immune system or who have had a kidney transplant . For more information about lymphoma in patients with AIDS, see the PDQ summary on AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment . Tests that examine the eyes, brain, and spinal cord are used to detect ( ...

  11. Application of virtual reality technology to activities for offering information to the general public in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Tono Geoscience Center is carrying out the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project (MIU Project), as part of its scientific research program, in Mizunami City, Gifu Prefecture. We believe that the public and especially the local residents should have a precise understanding of the MIU project. Therefore, to provide information we have used virtual reality (VR) technology in the project since 1996. Software to introduce both the MIU Project and the geology of the Tono district has been completed. The Tono district is characterized by uranium ore deposits, and by clay deposits which are used by the pottery industry. Software with some amusement value, such as hot spring drilling, has also been completed. We plan further software development of VR technology to increase the feeling of realism. (author)

  12. Information Processing Theory: Classroom Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slate, John R.; Charlesworth, John R., Jr.

    1989-01-01

    Utilizes the information processing model of human memory to provide teachers with suggestions for improving the teaching-learning process. Briefly explains and specifies applications of major theoretical concepts: attention, active learning, meaningfulness, organization, advanced organizers, memory aids, overlearning, automatically, and…

  13. General relativity with applications to astrophysics

    CERN Document Server

    Straumann, Norbert

    2004-01-01

    This text provides a comprehensive and timely introduction to general relativity The foundations of the theory in Part I are thoroughly developed together with the required mathematical background from differential geometry in Part III The six chapters in Part II are devoted to tests of general relativity and to many of its applications Binary pulsars are studied in considerable detail Much space is devoted to the study of compact objects, especially to black holes This includes a detailed derivation of the Kerr solution, Israel's proof of his uniqueness theorem, and derivations of the basic laws of black hole physics The final chapter of this part contains Witten's proof of the positive energy theorem The book addresses undergraduate and graduate students in physics, astrophysics and mathematics It is very well structured and should become a standard text for a modern treatment of gravitational physics The clear presentation of differential geometry makes it also useful for string theory and other fields of ...

  14. Generalized rough sets hybrid structure and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Mukherjee, Anjan

    2015-01-01

    The book introduces the concept of “generalized interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy soft sets”. It presents the basic properties of these sets and also, investigates an application of generalized interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy soft sets in decision making with respect to interval of degree of preference. The concept of “interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy soft rough sets” is discussed and interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy soft rough set based multi criteria group decision making scheme is presented, which refines the primary evaluation of the whole expert group and enables us to select the optimal object in a most reliable manner. The book also details concept of interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets of type 2. It presents the basic properties of these sets. The book also introduces the concept of “interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy soft topological space (IVIFS topological space)” together with intuitionistic fuzzy soft open sets (IVIFS open sets) and intuitionistic fuzzy soft cl...

  15. General database for ground water site information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Dreuzy, Jean-Raynald; Bodin, Jacques; Le Grand, Hervé; Davy, Philippe; Boulanger, Damien; Battais, Annick; Bour, Olivier; Gouze, Philippe; Porel, Gilles

    2006-01-01

    In most cases, analysis and modeling of flow and transport dynamics in ground water systems require long-term, high-quality, and multisource data sets. This paper discusses the structure of a multisite database (the H+ database) developed within the scope of the ERO program (French Environmental Research Observatory, http://www.ore.fr). The database provides an interface between field experimentalists and modelers, which can be used on a daily basis. The database structure enables the storage of a large number of data and data types collected from a given site or multiple-site network. The database is well suited to the integration, backup, and retrieval of data for flow and transport modeling in heterogeneous aquifers. It relies on the definition of standards and uses a templated structure, such that any type of geolocalized data obtained from wells, hydrological stations, and meteorological stations can be handled. New types of platforms other than wells, hydrological stations, and meteorological stations, and new types of experiments and/or parameters could easily be added without modifying the database structure. Thus, we propose that the database structure could be used as a template for designing databases for complex sites. An example application is the H+ database, which gathers data collected from a network of hydrogeological sites associated with the French Environmental Research Observatory.

  16. 20 CFR 220.142 - General information about work activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... RETIREMENT ACT DETERMINING DISABILITY Substantial Gainful Activity § 220.142 General information about work activity. (a) The nature of the claimant's work. If the claimant's duties require use of the claimant's... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false General information about work activity....

  17. 75 FR 31702 - General Information on Postal Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR PART 111 General Information on Postal Service AGENCY: Postal Service. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The... above, the Postal Service hereby amends 39 CFR Part 111 as follows: PART 111--GENERAL INFORMATION...

  18. 75 FR 34093 - Information Collection; General Program Administration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-16

    ... Farm Service Agency Information Collection; General Program Administration AGENCY: Farm Service Agency... General Program Administration. DATES: We will consider comments that we receive by August 16, 2010...: Farm Loan Programs--General Program Administration (7 CFR part 761). OMB Number: 0560-0238....

  19. Generalized Plastic Mechanics and Its Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng Yingren; Kong Liang

    2006-01-01

    The development of geotechnical plasticity is reviewed and some problems of applying the classical plastic mechanics (CPM) to geomaterials are analyzed, and then CPM's three hypotheses not fitted the deformation mechanism of geomaterials are pointed out. By giving up the three hypotheses, a generalized plastic potential theory can be obtained from solid mechanics directly, and then the traditional plastic mechanics can be changed to a more generalized plastic mechanics, namely generalized plastic mechanics (GPM). The GPM adopts the component theory as theoretical base, so it can reflect the influence of transition of stress path. The unreasonable phenomena such as excessive dilatancy caused by adopting the normality-flow law can be avoided, and the error caused by the arbitrary assumption of plastic potential surfaces cannot be produced. The yield surface theory, hardening laws and stress-strain relations of GPM are given, and a GPM including the rotation of principal stress axes is also established. It is pointed out that the yield condition is a state parameter as well as a test parameter, and it can only be given by test. After the practical application, it is shown that the GPM cannot only be applied to the modeling theory of geomaterials but also to other fields of geomechanics such as limit analysis.

  20. [Hospital information system--project of implementation of SAP information system at Sveti Duh General Hospital].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pale, Ivica

    2005-01-01

    Nowadays, as medical and hospital institutions have been facing a growing need of a more efficient provision of healthcare services to patients, with simultaneous complete monitoring of the successfulness of business activities, integrated information systems appear as the logical choice for the support to hospital business processes. The integrated business information system implemented at Sveti Duh General Hospital is a comprehensive system that supports all hospital, clinical and administrative processes, while providing the basis for decision making regarding the patients and hospital management. The system also enables transfer of all data with specific medical business segments such as laboratory device management. The project for the implementation of the information system was realized in accordance with the requests from the Ministry of Health, applying the proven methodology for the execution of such complex projects. The project team consisted of a number of consultants from b4b Co. from Zagreb, as well as Hospital employees. The new information system is completely ready for going live; however, the necessary decisions have to be made first. The application of the system gives the medical staff more time for their professional work with patients, and through longterm collection and analysis of data on symptoms, illnesses and medical treatments, the information system becomes an important tool for the improvement of health and quality of healthcare system in general.

  1. [Hospital information system--project of implementation of SAP information system at Sveti Duh General Hospital].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pale, Ivica

    2005-01-01

    Nowadays, as medical and hospital institutions have been facing a growing need of a more efficient provision of healthcare services to patients, with simultaneous complete monitoring of the successfulness of business activities, integrated information systems appear as the logical choice for the support to hospital business processes. The integrated business information system implemented at Sveti Duh General Hospital is a comprehensive system that supports all hospital, clinical and administrative processes, while providing the basis for decision making regarding the patients and hospital management. The system also enables transfer of all data with specific medical business segments such as laboratory device management. The project for the implementation of the information system was realized in accordance with the requests from the Ministry of Health, applying the proven methodology for the execution of such complex projects. The project team consisted of a number of consultants from b4b Co. from Zagreb, as well as Hospital employees. The new information system is completely ready for going live; however, the necessary decisions have to be made first. The application of the system gives the medical staff more time for their professional work with patients, and through longterm collection and analysis of data on symptoms, illnesses and medical treatments, the information system becomes an important tool for the improvement of health and quality of healthcare system in general. PMID:16095196

  2. Generalized Uncertainty Principle: Approaches and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Tawfik, Abdel Nasser

    2014-01-01

    We review some highlights from the String theory, the black hole physics and the doubly special relativity and some thought experiments which were suggested to probe the shortest distances and/or maximum momentum at the Planck scale. Furthermore, all models developed in order to implement the minimal length scale and/or the maximum momentum in different physical systems are analysed. We compare between them. They entered the literature as the Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP) assuming modified dispersion relation, and therefore are allowed for a wide range of Applications in estimating, for example, the inflationary parameters, Lorentz invariance violation, black hole thermodynamics, Saleker--Wigner inequalities, entropic nature of gravitational laws, Friedmann equations, minimal time measurement and thermodynamics of the high--energy collisions. One of the higher--order GUP approaches gives predictions for the minimal length uncertainty. A second one predicts a maximum momentum and a minimal length unc...

  3. Ellipsoidal shapes in general relativity: general definitions and an application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A generalization of the notion of ellipsoids to curved Riemannian spaces is given and the possibility of using it in describing the shapes of rotating bodies in general relativity is examined. As an illustrative example, stationary, axisymmetric perfect-fluid spacetimes with a so-called confocal inside ellipsoidal symmetry are investigated in detail under the assumption that the 4-velocity of the fluid is parallel to a timelike Killing vector field. A class of perfect-fluid metrics representing interior NUT-spacetimes is obtained along with a vacuum solution with a non-zero cosmological constant

  4. General Information about Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Prevention Lung Cancer Screening Research Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Go to Health Professional Version Key Points Non- ...

  5. PREFACE: Mathematical Aspects of Generalized Entropies and their Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suyari, Hiroki; Ohara, Atsumi; Wada, Tatsuaki

    2010-01-01

    In the recent increasing interests in power-law behaviors beyond the usual exponential ones, there have been some concrete attempts in statistical physics to generalize the standard Boltzmann-Gibbs statistics. Among such generalizations, nonextensive statistical mechanics has been well studied for about the last two decades with many modifications and refinements. The generalization has provided not only a theoretical framework but also many applications such as chaos, multi-fractal, complex systems, nonequilibrium statistical mechanics, biophysics, econophysics, information theory and so on. At the same time as the developments in the generalization of statistical mechanics, the corresponding mathematical structures have also been required and uncovered. In particular, some deep connections to mathematical sciences such as q-analysis, information geometry, information theory and quantum probability theory have been revealed recently. These results obviously indicate an existence of the generalized mathematical structure including the mathematical framework for the exponential family as a special case, but the whole structure is still unclear. In order to make an opportunity to discuss the mathematical structure induced from generalized entropies by scientists in many fields, the international workshop 'Mathematical Aspects of Generalized Entropies and their Applications' was held on 7-9 July 2009 at Kyoto TERRSA, Kyoto, Japan. This volume is the proceedings of the workshop which consisted of 6 invited speakers, 14 oral presenters, 7 poster presenters and 63 other participants. The topics of the workshop cover the nonextensive statistical mechanics, chaos, cosmology, information geometry, divergence theory, econophysics, materials engineering, molecular dynamics and entropy theory, information theory and so on. The workshop was organized as the first attempt to discuss these mathematical aspects with leading experts in each area. We would like to express special

  6. The Application of the New General Business Accounting Plan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augusto Lam Wong

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Accounting provides information for making decisions of many economic agents specially the accounting records that have their basis on the organized language called the accounting plan. Until 1973, in Peru, every company prepared its accounting plan according to its information necessities which provoked a variety of words, many with lots of analytical accounts and other general ones. It’s in this situation that the First General Accounting Plan was approved and its mandatory implementation started on January 1st 1974 until 1984, and then it was changed by the General Accounting Plan (PCGR the one that is used until now. However, now its use doesn’t have any relationship with the International Financial Reporting Standars (NIIF, which are a support for the financial estate in our country. For that reason we approved the version of General Accounting Business Plan (PCGE, the one that is going to be considered on January 1st 2011. The objective of the following article is to announce the effects of the application in some of the private organizations from this new Accounting Business Plan (PCGE in relation to the General Accounting Plan.

  7. Information technology in medical education: current and future applications.

    OpenAIRE

    Mooney, G. A.; Bligh, J G

    1997-01-01

    Information technology has the potential to revolutionise the way medicine is learned by students and healthcare professionals. This potential was recognised by the General Medical Council in their 1993 report Tomorrow's doctors in which the need for future generations of doctors to be familiar with the application and scope of information technology is described. This paper focuses on the use of computers as aids to learning medicine and discusses two key applications of information technolo...

  8. On general systems with randomly occurring incomplete information

    OpenAIRE

    Z. Wang; Hu, J.; Dong, H.

    2016-01-01

    In the system and control community, the incomplete information is generally regarded as the results of (1) our limited knowledge in modelling real-world systems; and (2) the physical constraints on the devices for collecting, transmitting, storing and processing information. In terms of system modelling, the incomplete information typically includes the parameter uncertainties and norm-bounded non-linearities that occur with certain bounds. As for the physical constraints, two well-...

  9. A generalized model via random walks for information filtering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, Zhuo-Ming; Kong, Yixiu; Shang, Ming-Sheng; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

    2016-08-01

    There could exist a simple general mechanism lurking beneath collaborative filtering and interdisciplinary physics approaches which have been successfully applied to online E-commerce platforms. Motivated by this idea, we propose a generalized model employing the dynamics of the random walk in the bipartite networks. Taking into account the degree information, the proposed generalized model could deduce the collaborative filtering, interdisciplinary physics approaches and even the enormous expansion of them. Furthermore, we analyze the generalized model with single and hybrid of degree information on the process of random walk in bipartite networks, and propose a possible strategy by using the hybrid degree information for different popular objects to toward promising precision of the recommendation.

  10. Information report presented in application of the article 146 of the rules by the Finance, the General Economy and the plan commission, on the bio-fuels; Rapport d'information depose en application de l'article 146 du reglement par la commission des finances, de l'economie generale et du plan sur les biocarburants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-05-01

    This information report deals with the advantages of the bio-fuels as a renewable energy source: the incentive legislation and the implementation in Europe, some encouraging results and the measures offered for a more voluntarist action in favor of the bio-fuels development. (A.L.B.)

  11. Real Option Applications to Information Security

    OpenAIRE

    Pythagoras PETRATOS

    2008-01-01

    Real options present advantages over the standard discounting methods. In this paper we analyze them briefly and examine their potential applications on information security. The applications of real options on valuation of information assets, information security investment and capital budgeting provide considerable benefits. Finally portfolios of real options and other financial products can reduce information security risk.

  12. GENERALIZED RECIPROCAL THEOREMS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付宝连

    2002-01-01

    Generalized reciprocal theorems of non-coupled and coupled systems , which are valid for two deformed bodies with different constitutive relations are established by generalizing the idea of Betti ' s reciprocal theorem. When the constitutive relations of the two deformed bodies are all alike and linear elastic, the generalized reciprocal theorem of non-coupled systems just becomes Betti' s . Meanwhile, the generalized reciprocal theorems are applied to simulate calculations in elasticity.

  13. On generalized Sobolev algebras and their applications.

    OpenAIRE

    Bernard, Séverine; Paul Nuiro, Silvère

    2005-01-01

    In the last two decades, many algebras of generalized functions have been constructed, particularly the so-called generalized Sobolev algebras. Our goal is to study the latter and some of their main properties. In this framework, we pose and solve a nonlinear degenerated Dirichlet problem with irregular data such as Dirac generalized functions.

  14. Nonlinear image processing based on optimization of generalized information methods

    OpenAIRE

    Bajkova, Anisa T.

    2002-01-01

    A range of nonlinear image reconstruction procedures based on extremizing the generalized Shannon entropy, Kullback-Leibler cross-entropy and Renyi information measures and proposed by the author in early papers is presented. The ``generalization'' assumes search for the solution over the space of real bipolar or complex functions. Such an approach allows, first, to reconstruct signals of any type and physical nature and, secondly, to decrease nonlinear intensity image distortions caused by m...

  15. APPLICATION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR MONITORING BRIDGEWORK CONDITIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. E. Gusev

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers а variant of database technologies’ application in transport communication sphere, particularly, for introduction of integrated methodology for evaluation of technical and operational conditions of bridgeworks on motor roads of general usage. Information technologies’ application helps to prevent emergency and pre-emergency conditions of bridgeworks and provides optimal investment allocation in the sphere of transport communication. 

  16. Testing Information Causality for General Quantum Communication Protocols

    CERN Document Server

    Yu, I-Ching

    2015-01-01

    Information causality was proposed as a physical principle to put upper bound on the accessible information gain in a physical bi-partite communication scheme. Intuitively, the information gain cannot be larger than the amount of classical communication to avoid violation of causality. Moreover, it was shown that this bound is consistent with the Tsirelson bound for the binary quantum systems. In this paper, we test the information causality for the more general (non-binary) quantum communication schemes. In order to apply the semi-definite programming method to find the maximal information gain, we only consider the schemes in which the information gain is monotonically related to the Bell-type functions, i.e., the generalization of CHSH functions for Bell inequalities in a binary schemes. We determine these Bell-type functions by using the signal decay theorem. Our results support the proposal of information causality. We also find the maximal information gain by numerical brute-force method for the most ge...

  17. Management of bibliographic information by Dutch researchers in general practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhoeven, AAH; Jong, BMD

    1997-01-01

    Background. As a result of changes in information technology and the rapid growth of publications methods of searching the literature have changed. Systematic searching of the growing literature has become very important. It is not known whether researchers in general practice search systematically,

  18. 15 CFR 27.116 - General requirements for informed consent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false General requirements for informed consent. 27.116 Section 27.116 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce PROTECTION... description of any reasonably foreseeable risks or discomforts to the subject; (3) A description of...

  19. Ionization applications in food industry - Generalities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper outlines different applications of the ionization in food treatments and their purposes. Irradiation of food with low doses (below 1 kgy) is used for germination inhibition, insects sterilization, disinfestation and senescence delays. Applications with medium doses (from 1 to 10 kgy) are used for extension of shelf life, elimination of pathogenic microorganisms and improving technological properties. Applications with high doses (superior to 10 Kgy) are used for food sterilization, only in some specific cases. Necessary doses in various applications of food ionization are given as well as minimal doses for food sterilization. In some cases where treatment of food by only ionization do not permit to attain the fixed object, ionizing treatment is combined with an other type of treatment as: refrigeration, heat treatments, packing, dehydration and chemical treatments. 3 tabs., 5 refs. (F.M.)

  20. 76 FR 38179 - Information Collection; General Services Administration; Information Specific to a Contract or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ... methodology; and ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected. DATES...: 126,870. Responses per Respondent: 1.36. Total Responses: 172,500 Hours Per Response: .399 Total... ADMINISTRATION Information Collection; General Services Administration; Information Specific to a Contract...

  1. A General Symbolic Method with Physical Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, G M

    2000-01-01

    A solution to the problem of unifying the General Relativistic and Quantum Theoretical formalisms is given which introduces a new non-axiomatic symbolic method and an algebraic generalization of the Calculus to non-finite symbolisms without reference to the concept of a limit. An essential feature of the non-axiomatic method is the inadequacy of any (finite) statements: Identifying this aspect of the theory with the "existence of an external physical reality" both allows for the consistency of the method with the results of experiments and avoids the so-called "measurement problem" of quantum theory.

  2. GENERALIZED FRESNEL DIFFRACTION INTEGRAL AND ITS APPLICATIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG JUN; FAN DIAN-YUAN; WANG SHI-JI; GU YUAN

    2000-01-01

    Within the generalized definition of ABCDGH matrices, the conventional ABCDGH diffraction integral is ex-tended for a misaligned complex paraxial system with a curved optical axis. On this basis the transformation lawfor Gaussian-Schell model beams through an ABCDGH systems is derived, the propagation behavior of the mutualcoherence function through ABCDGH systems in the presence of random media is investigated as well.

  3. Some Generalizations of Monotonicity Condition and Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    虞旦盛; 周颂平

    2006-01-01

    @@ O Introduction It is well known that there are a great number of interesting results in Fourier analysis established by assuming monotonicity of coefficients, and many of them have been generalized by loosing the condition to quasi-monotonicity, O-regularly varying quasi-monotonicity, etc..

  4. 40 CFR 85.1701 - General applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Otto-cycle complete heavy-duty vehicles under the provisions of 40 CFR part 86, subpart S. ...) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM MOBILE SOURCES Exclusion and Exemption of Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle... applicable to new and in-use motor vehicles and motor vehicle engines. (b) The provisions of this...

  5. Some Generalized Error Inequalities and Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mir NazirAhmad

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract We present a family of four-point quadrature rule, a generalization of Gauss-two point, Simpson's , and Lobatto four-point quadrature rule for twice-differentiable mapping. Moreover, it is shown that the corresponding optimal quadrature formula presents better estimate in the context of four-point quadrature formulae of closed type. A unified treatment of error inequalities for different classes of function is also given.

  6. 12 CFR 627.2700 - General-applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false General-applicability. 627.2700 Section 627.2700 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM TITLE IV CONSERVATORS, RECEIVERS, AND VOLUNTARY LIQUIDATIONS General § 627.2700 General—applicability. The provisions of this part...

  7. A generalized Cauchy process and its application to relaxation phenomena

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lim, S C [Faculty of Engineering, Multimedia University, 63100 Cyberjaya, Selangor (Malaysia); Li Ming [School of Information Science and Technology, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200026 (China)

    2006-03-24

    We study some of the basic properties of a generalized Cauchy process indexed by two parameters. The application of the Lamperti transformation to the generalized Cauchy process leads to a self-similar process which preserves the long-range dependence. The asymptotic properties of spectral density of the process are derived. Possible application of this process to model relaxation phenomena is considered.

  8. Image encryption using random sequence generated from generalized information domain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia-Yan, Zhang; Guo-Ji, Zhang; Xuan, Li; Ya-Zhou, Ren; Jie-Hua, Wu

    2016-05-01

    A novel image encryption method based on the random sequence generated from the generalized information domain and permutation–diffusion architecture is proposed. The random sequence is generated by reconstruction from the generalized information file and discrete trajectory extraction from the data stream. The trajectory address sequence is used to generate a P-box to shuffle the plain image while random sequences are treated as keystreams. A new factor called drift factor is employed to accelerate and enhance the performance of the random sequence generator. An initial value is introduced to make the encryption method an approximately one-time pad. Experimental results show that the random sequences pass the NIST statistical test with a high ratio and extensive analysis demonstrates that the new encryption scheme has superior security.

  9. Applications of generalized special functions in stellar astrophysics

    OpenAIRE

    Hans J. Haubold; Mathai, Arak Mathai

    1993-01-01

    This article gives an brief outline of the applications of generalized special functions such as generalized hypergeometric functions, G-functions and H-functions into the general area of nuclear energy generation and reaction rate theory such as the energy generation in a simple stellar model and nuclear reaction rates in non-resonant and resonant as well as screened non-resonant

  10. Thermofield qubits, generalized expectations and quantum information protocols

    OpenAIRE

    Prudencio, T.; Filho, T. M. Rocha; Santana, A. E.

    2014-01-01

    Thermofield dynamics (TFD) approach is a real time quantum field method for dealing with finite temperature quantum states in a purified version of usual density operator formalism at finite temperature. In the domain of quantum information, TFD represents a quite promising direction for dealing with qubits under thermal influence and can also be associated to Gaussian states. Here, we propose a generalized TFD mean expectation for the case of thermofield qubits considering the action of gate...

  11. 77 FR 5020 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; GSA Form 527...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; GSA Form 527... and Financial Information'' on your attached document. Fax: (202) 501-4067. Mail: General Services... provided. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: A. Purpose The General Services Administration will be requesting...

  12. Generalized Quasilinear Approximation: Application to Zonal Jets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marston, J. B.; Chini, G. P.; Tobias, S. M.

    2016-05-01

    Quasilinear theory is often utilized to approximate the dynamics of fluids exhibiting significant interactions between mean flows and eddies. We present a generalization of quasilinear theory to include dynamic mode interactions on the large scales. This generalized quasilinear (GQL) approximation is achieved by separating the state variables into large and small zonal scales via a spectral filter rather than by a decomposition into a formal mean and fluctuations. Nonlinear interactions involving only small zonal scales are then removed. The approximation is conservative and allows for scattering of energy between small-scale modes via the large scale (through nonlocal spectral interactions). We evaluate GQL for the paradigmatic problems of the driving of large-scale jets on a spherical surface and on the beta plane and show that it is accurate even for a small number of large-scale modes. As GQL is formally linear in the small zonal scales, it allows for the closure of the system and can be utilized in direct statistical simulation schemes that have proved an attractive alternative to direct numerical simulation for many geophysical and astrophysical problems.

  13. New Generalized R-KKM Type Theorems in General Topological Spaces and Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xie Ping DING

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, some new generalized R-KKM type theorems for generalized R-KKM map-pings with finitely closed values and with finitely open values axe established in noncompact topologicalspaces without any convexity structure under much weaker assumptions. As applications, some newminimax inequalities, saddle point theorem and equilibrium existence theorem for equilibrium prob-lems with lower and upper bounds are established in general noncompact topological spaces. Thesetheorems unify and generalize many known results in the literature.

  14. 18 CFR 157.6 - Applications; general requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., Sales, Service, Construction, Extension, Acquisition or Abandonment § 157.6 Applications; general...) Applications filed under this part 157 and all attached exhibits; (ii) Applications covering acquisitions and... copies and in the electronic filing are true to the best knowledge and belief of the signer; and...

  15. Ubiquitous Information Technologies and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Park, Young-Ho; Hsu, Ching-Hsien; Park, James

    2014-01-01

    The theme of CUTE is focused on the various aspects of ubiquitous computing for advances in ubiquitous computing and provides an opportunity for academic and industry professionals to discuss the latest issues and progress in the area of ubiquitous computing. Therefore this book will be include the various theories and practical applications in ubiquitous computing

  16. Generalized Information Equilibrium Approaches to EEG Sleep Stage Discrimination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zorick, Todd; Smith, Jason

    2016-01-01

    Recent advances in neuroscience have raised the hypothesis that the underlying pattern of neuronal activation which results in electroencephalography (EEG) signals is via power-law distributed neuronal avalanches, while EEG signals are nonstationary. Therefore, spectral analysis of EEG may miss many properties inherent in such signals. A complete understanding of such dynamical systems requires knowledge of the underlying nonequilibrium thermodynamics. In recent work by Fielitz and Borchardt (2011, 2014), the concept of information equilibrium (IE) in information transfer processes has successfully characterized many different systems far from thermodynamic equilibrium. We utilized a publicly available database of polysomnogram EEG data from fourteen subjects with eight different one-minute tracings of sleep stage 2 and waking and an overlapping set of eleven subjects with eight different one-minute tracings of sleep stage 3. We applied principles of IE to model EEG as a system that transfers (equilibrates) information from the time domain to scalp-recorded voltages. We find that waking consciousness is readily distinguished from sleep stages 2 and 3 by several differences in mean information transfer constants. Principles of IE applied to EEG may therefore prove to be useful in the study of changes in brain function more generally. PMID:27516806

  17. Generalized Information Equilibrium Approaches to EEG Sleep Stage Discrimination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Todd Zorick

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent advances in neuroscience have raised the hypothesis that the underlying pattern of neuronal activation which results in electroencephalography (EEG signals is via power-law distributed neuronal avalanches, while EEG signals are nonstationary. Therefore, spectral analysis of EEG may miss many properties inherent in such signals. A complete understanding of such dynamical systems requires knowledge of the underlying nonequilibrium thermodynamics. In recent work by Fielitz and Borchardt (2011, 2014, the concept of information equilibrium (IE in information transfer processes has successfully characterized many different systems far from thermodynamic equilibrium. We utilized a publicly available database of polysomnogram EEG data from fourteen subjects with eight different one-minute tracings of sleep stage 2 and waking and an overlapping set of eleven subjects with eight different one-minute tracings of sleep stage 3. We applied principles of IE to model EEG as a system that transfers (equilibrates information from the time domain to scalp-recorded voltages. We find that waking consciousness is readily distinguished from sleep stages 2 and 3 by several differences in mean information transfer constants. Principles of IE applied to EEG may therefore prove to be useful in the study of changes in brain function more generally.

  18. Generalized Information Equilibrium Approaches to EEG Sleep Stage Discrimination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Jason

    2016-01-01

    Recent advances in neuroscience have raised the hypothesis that the underlying pattern of neuronal activation which results in electroencephalography (EEG) signals is via power-law distributed neuronal avalanches, while EEG signals are nonstationary. Therefore, spectral analysis of EEG may miss many properties inherent in such signals. A complete understanding of such dynamical systems requires knowledge of the underlying nonequilibrium thermodynamics. In recent work by Fielitz and Borchardt (2011, 2014), the concept of information equilibrium (IE) in information transfer processes has successfully characterized many different systems far from thermodynamic equilibrium. We utilized a publicly available database of polysomnogram EEG data from fourteen subjects with eight different one-minute tracings of sleep stage 2 and waking and an overlapping set of eleven subjects with eight different one-minute tracings of sleep stage 3. We applied principles of IE to model EEG as a system that transfers (equilibrates) information from the time domain to scalp-recorded voltages. We find that waking consciousness is readily distinguished from sleep stages 2 and 3 by several differences in mean information transfer constants. Principles of IE applied to EEG may therefore prove to be useful in the study of changes in brain function more generally. PMID:27516806

  19. Generalized Information Equilibrium Approaches to EEG Sleep Stage Discrimination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Jason

    2016-01-01

    Recent advances in neuroscience have raised the hypothesis that the underlying pattern of neuronal activation which results in electroencephalography (EEG) signals is via power-law distributed neuronal avalanches, while EEG signals are nonstationary. Therefore, spectral analysis of EEG may miss many properties inherent in such signals. A complete understanding of such dynamical systems requires knowledge of the underlying nonequilibrium thermodynamics. In recent work by Fielitz and Borchardt (2011, 2014), the concept of information equilibrium (IE) in information transfer processes has successfully characterized many different systems far from thermodynamic equilibrium. We utilized a publicly available database of polysomnogram EEG data from fourteen subjects with eight different one-minute tracings of sleep stage 2 and waking and an overlapping set of eleven subjects with eight different one-minute tracings of sleep stage 3. We applied principles of IE to model EEG as a system that transfers (equilibrates) information from the time domain to scalp-recorded voltages. We find that waking consciousness is readily distinguished from sleep stages 2 and 3 by several differences in mean information transfer constants. Principles of IE applied to EEG may therefore prove to be useful in the study of changes in brain function more generally.

  20. 7 CFR 205.503 - Applicant information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Accreditation of Certifying Agents § 205.503 Applicant information....

  1. The Application of the New General Business Accounting Plan

    OpenAIRE

    Augusto Lam Wong

    2010-01-01

    Accounting provides information for making decisions of many economic agents specially the accounting records that have their basis on the organized language called the accounting plan. Until 1973, in Peru, every company prepared its accounting plan according to its information necessities which provoked a variety of words, many with lots of analytical accounts and other general ones. It’s in this situation that the First General Accounting Plan was approved and its mandatory implementation s...

  2. Generalized calculus with applications to matter and forces

    CERN Document Server

    Campos, L M B C

    2014-01-01

    Combining mathematical theory, physical principles, and engineering problems, Generalized Calculus with Applications to Matter and Forces examines generalized functions, including the Heaviside unit jump and the Dirac unit impulse and its derivatives of all orders, in one and several dimensions. The text introduces the two main approaches to generalized functions: (1) as a nonuniform limit of a family of ordinary functions, and (2) as a functional over a set of test functions from which properties are inherited. The second approach is developed more extensively to encompass multidimensional generalized functions whose arguments are ordinary functions of several variables. As part of a series of books for engineers and scientists exploring advanced mathematics, Generalized Calculus with Applications to Matter and Forces presents generalized functions from an applied point of view, tackling problem classes such as: •Gauss and Stokes’ theorems in the differential geometry, tensor calculus, and theory of ...

  3. Applications of information theory to computer graphics

    OpenAIRE

    Sbert Cassasayas, Mateu; Feixas, Miquel; Rigau, Jaume; Castro, Francesc; Vázquez Alcocer, Pere Pau

    2002-01-01

    We present in this talk several applications of Information Theory concepts to Computer Graphics. Mutual information will be applied to Radiosity to obtain the better scene discretization. The concept of entropy will be applied to adaptive pixel supersampling, to RandomWalk Radiosity, and to selection of best view points. Best view point selection has applications to scene exploration, image based rendering and molecular visualization.

  4. 40 CFR 86.005-1 - General applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... subpart generally apply to 2005 and later model year new Otto-cycle heavy-duty engines used in incomplete..., vehicle class, motor fuel, engine type, or other distinguishing characteristics, the limited applicability... generally apply to 2000 and earlier model year new Otto-cycle and diesel-cycle light-duty vehicles, 2000...

  5. Weak KKM theorems in generalized finitely continuous space with applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方敏; 王磊

    2013-01-01

    Some new weak Knaster-Kuratouski-Mazurkiewicz (KKM) theorems are proved under the noncompact situation in the generalized finitely continuous space (GFC-space) without any convexity. As applications, the minimax inequalities of the Ky Fan type are also given under some suitable conditions. The results unify and generalize some known results in recent literatures.

  6. Golf Instruction. An Application of Schmidt's Generalized Motor Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asbell, Ann C.

    1989-01-01

    This article describes how application of the generalized motor program, conceptualized by Schmidt, can yield consistent and effective results when teaching students the golf swing. Specific teaching suggestions are given and a brief discussion of the applicability of this program to tennis and swimming is included. (JAH)

  7. Generalized polyphase representation and application to coding gain enhancement

    OpenAIRE

    Soman, Anand K.; Vaidyanathan, P.P.

    1994-01-01

    Generalized polyphase representations (GPP) have been mentioned in literature in the context of several applications. In this paper, we provide a characterization for what constitutes a valid GPP. Then, we study an application of GPP, namely in improving the coding gains of transform coding systems. We also prove several properties of the GPP.

  8. Information Technology Applications to Maintenance Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Abdul Raouf S.I.

    2003-01-01

    Application of IT (Information Technology) to equipment management have not been ade-quately made. A system using Benefit Evaluation Ladder is described for evaluating the need for IT ap-plications to maintenance management. A systematic evaluation scheme for Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) is presented.

  9. Application of GIS to Geological Information Extraction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    GIS. a powerful tool for processing spatial data, is advantageous in its spatial overlaying. In this paper, GIS is applied to the extraction of geological information. Information associated with mineral resources is chosen to delineate the geo-anomalies, the basis of ore-forming anomalies and of mineral-deposit location. This application is illustrated with an example in Weixi area, Yunnan Province.

  10. Applications of Optical Technology: Information Retrieval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connor, Mary Ann

    1991-01-01

    Discusses applications of optical technology, especially CD-ROMs, to information management needs. Information retrieval problems are discussed; design questions that concern the format of the data, indexing methods, and retrieval capabilities are presented; the need for updates is considered; access requirements are discussed; and the importance…

  11. 77 FR 66466 - General Services Administration Regulation; Information Collection; Packing List Clause

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION General Services Administration Regulation; Information Collection; Packing List Clause AGENCY... information collection documents from the General Services Administration, Regulatory Secretariat (MVCB),...

  12. 76 FR 81941 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Price Reductions...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Price Reductions.... FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Dana Munson, General Services Acquisition Policy Division,...

  13. Generalized Linear Models with Applications in Engineering and the Sciences

    CERN Document Server

    Myers, Raymond H; Vining, G Geoffrey; Robinson, Timothy J

    2012-01-01

    Praise for the First Edition "The obvious enthusiasm of Myers, Montgomery, and Vining and their reliance on their many examples as a major focus of their pedagogy make Generalized Linear Models a joy to read. Every statistician working in any area of applied science should buy it and experience the excitement of these new approaches to familiar activities."-Technometrics Generalized Linear Models: With Applications in Engineering and the Sciences, Second Edition continues to provide a clear introduction to the theoretical foundations and key applications of generalized linear models (GLMs). Ma

  14. Fractional calculus and application of generalized Struve function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nisar, Kottakkaran Sooppy; Baleanu, Dumitru; Qurashi, Maysaa' Mohamed Al

    2016-01-01

    A new generalization of Struve function called generalized Galué type Struve function (GTSF) is defined and the integral operators involving Appell's functions, or Horn's function in the kernel is applied on it. The obtained results are expressed in terms of the Fox-Wright function. As an application of newly defined generalized GTSF, we aim at presenting solutions of certain general families of fractional kinetic equations associated with the Galué type generalization of Struve function. The generality of the GTSF will help to find several familiar and novel fractional kinetic equations. The obtained results are general in nature and it is useful to investigate many problems in applied mathematical science. PMID:27386354

  15. International Conference on Information Science and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Joukov, Nikolai

    2016-01-01

    This book contains selected papers from the 7th International Conference on Information Science and Applications (ICISA 2016) and provides a snapshot of the latest issues encountered in technical convergence and convergences of security technology. It explores how information science is core to most current research, industrial and commercial activities and consists of contributions covering topics including Ubiquitous Computing, Networks and Information Systems, Multimedia and Visualization, Middleware and Operating Systems, Security and Privacy, Data Mining and Artificial Intelligence, Software Engineering, and Web Technology. The contributions describe the most recent developments in information technology and ideas, applications and problems related to technology convergence, illustrated through case studies, and reviews converging existing security techniques. Through this volume, readers will gain an understanding of the current state-of-the-art information strategies and technologies of convergence sec...

  16. Managing Event Information Modeling, Retrieval, and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Gupta, Amarnath

    2011-01-01

    With the proliferation of citizen reporting, smart mobile devices, and social media, an increasing number of people are beginning to generate information about events they observe and participate in. A significant fraction of this information contains multimedia data to share the experience with their audience. A systematic information modeling and management framework is necessary to capture this widely heterogeneous, schemaless, potentially humongous information produced by many different people. This book is an attempt to examine the modeling, storage, querying, and applications of such an

  17. LES: A General Expert System And Its Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perkins, W. A.; Laffey, T. J.

    1984-06-01

    The Lockheed Expert System (LES) has been designed to help knowledge engineers quickly solve problems in diagnosing, monitoring, planning, designing, checking, guiding, and interpreting. In its first application, LES was used to guide less-experienced maintenance personnel in the fault diagnosis of a large signal-switching network containing Built-In Test Equipment (BITE). LES used not only the knowledge of the expert diagnostician (captured in the familiar form of "IF-THEN" rules), but also knowledge about the structure, function, and causal relations of the device under study to perform rapid isolation of the module causing the failure. In addition to aiding the engineer in troubleshooting an electronic device, LES can also explain its reasoning and actions to the user, and can provide extensive database retrieval and graphics capabilities. In this paper we show how both the structure of the device and the troubleshooting rules of the expert are conveniently represented using LES's case grammar format. Also, an actual troubleshooting session between a user and LES is presented. By adding goals, rules, database information, and a few special procedures to the general LES framework, we were able to have a working system in a much shorter time (four man-months) than would have been possible starting afresh. The current status of the system is that it has been fielded and is under evaluation. LES is now being applied in other domains which include design checking and photo-interpretation.

  18. Analyzing Subject Disciplines of Knowledge Originality and Knowledge Generality for Library & Information Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mu-Hsuan Huang

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This study used bibliometric methods to analyze subject disciplines of knowledge originality and knowledge generality for Library and Information Science (LIS by using citing and cited documents from 1997 to 2006. We found that the major subject disciplines of knowledge originality and generality are still LIS, and computer science and LIS interact and influence each other closely. It is evident that number of subject disciplines of knowledge originality is higher than that of knowledge generality. The interdisciplinary characteristics of LIS are illustrated by variety areas of knowledge originality and knowledge generality. Because the number of received subject disciplines is higher than that of given subject disciplines, it suggests that LIS is an application-oriented research area. [Article content in Chinese

  19. On generalized Clifford algebras and their physical applications

    OpenAIRE

    Jagannathan, R.

    2010-01-01

    Generalized Clifford algebras (GCAs) and their physical applications were extensively studied for about a decade from 1967 by Alladi Ramakrishnan and his collaborators under the name of L-matrix theory. Some aspects of GCAs and their physical applications are outlined here. The topics dealt with include: GCAs and projective representations of finite abelian groups, Alladi Ramakrishnan's sigma operation approach to the representation theory of Clifford algebra and GCAs, Dirac's positive energy...

  20. Urban Traffic Information Service Application Grid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chang-Jun Jiang; Yang Luo; An-Qing Zhou; Lin Chen; Lei Liu; Zhao-Hui Zhang; Guo-Sun Zeng; Hong-Zhong Chen; Duo-Qian Miao; Yu Fang; Xiao-Feng Tao; Qing Zhi; Feng Yue

    2005-01-01

    Traffic information processing is very complicated because of dynamic, cooperative and distributed features. This paper describes the prototype system version 2.0 of Urban Traffic Information Service Application Grid (UTISAG),which is based on the previous version. In this version, a new architecture and more enhanced services are introduced.The remarkable characteristic of the new system is providing dynamic information services for travelers by grid technology. Therefore, the key research includes integrating large multi-source traffic data, forecasting route status, simulating regional traffic flow parallelly, and implementing optimum dynamic travel scheme based on massive GPS data.

  1. 12 CFR 621.12 - Applicability and general instructions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... require. The reports shall be prepared on the accrual basis of accounting and shall fairly represent the... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Applicability and general instructions. 621.12 Section 621.12 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM ACCOUNTING AND...

  2. A generalized transmultiplexer and its application to mobile satellite communications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ichiyoshi, Osamu

    1990-01-01

    A generalization of digital transmultiplexer technology is presented. The proposed method can realize transmultiplexer (TMUX) and transdemultiplexer (TDUX) filter banks whose element filters have bandwidths greater than the channel spacing frequency. This feature is useful in many communications applications. As an example, a satellite switched (SS) Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA) system is proposed for spot beam satellite communications, particularly for mobile satellite communications.

  3. Fluorine Compounds and Dental Health: Applications of General Chemistry Topics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Gabriel

    2009-01-01

    An example about the use of everyday phenomena in teaching general chemistry is given. Students have a greater appreciation of the principles of chemistry if they can see the relevance to their lives. Fluorine compounds in dental applications (as topical or as systemic use) provide an excellent context in which to review core content of general…

  4. On the generalization some intgeral inequalities and their applications

    CERN Document Server

    Sarikaya, M Z

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, a general integral identity for convex functions is derived. Then, we establish new some inequalities of the Simpson and the Hermite-Hadamard's type for functions whose absolute values of derivatives are convex. Some applications for special means of real numbers are also provided.

  5. Selected Teacher Performance Specifications Generally Applicable to Teacher Education Curricula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Charles E.; Shearron, Gilbert F.

    This bulletin contains selected lists of teacher performance specifications regarded as generally applicable to teacher education curriculum for undergraduates. ("Performance specifications" are statements which describe particular competencies or competency requirements that a teacher should possess in order to operate at optimum effectiveness in…

  6. On generalization of an integral inequality and its applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghulam Farid

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we give generalization of an integral inequality. We find its applications in fractional calculus by involving different kinds of fractional integral operators, for example Riemann–Liouville fractional integral, Caputo fractional derivative, Canavati fractional derivative and Widder derivative, Saigo fractional integral operator, etc.

  7. Temporal information processing technology and its applications

    CERN Document Server

    Tang, Yong; Tang, Na

    2011-01-01

    Presenting a systematic introduction to temporal model and time calculation, this volume explores temporal information processing technology and its applications. Topics include the time model in terms of calculus and logic, temporal data models and database concepts, temporal query language, and more.

  8. Partial relay selection based on shadowing side information over generalized composite fading channels

    KAUST Repository

    Yilmaz, Ferkan

    2011-11-01

    In this paper, in contrast to the relay selection protocols available in the literature, we propose a partial relay selection protocol utilizing only the shadowing side information of the relays instead of their full channel side information in order to select a relay in a dual-hop relaying system through the available limited feedback channels and power budget. We then presented an exact unified performance expression combining the average bit error probability, ergodic capacity, and moments-generating function of the proposed partial relay selection over generalized fading channels. Referring to the unified performance expression introduced in [1], we explicitly offer a generic unified performance expression that can be easily calculated and that is applicable to a wide variety of fading scenarios. Finally, as an illustration of the mathematical formalism, some numerical and simulation results are generated for an extended generalized-K fading environment, and these numerical and simulation results are shown to be in perfect agreement. © 2011 IEEE.

  9. Informational analysis involving application of complex information system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciupak, Clébia; Vanti, Adolfo Alberto; Balloni, Antonio José; Espin, Rafael

    The aim of the present research is performing an informal analysis for internal audit involving the application of complex information system based on fuzzy logic. The same has been applied in internal audit involving the integration of the accounting field into the information systems field. The technological advancements can provide improvements to the work performed by the internal audit. Thus we aim to find, in the complex information systems, priorities for the work of internal audit of a high importance Private Institution of Higher Education. The applied method is quali-quantitative, as from the definition of strategic linguistic variables it was possible to transform them into quantitative with the matrix intersection. By means of a case study, where data were collected via interview with the Administrative Pro-Rector, who takes part at the elaboration of the strategic planning of the institution, it was possible to infer analysis concerning points which must be prioritized at the internal audit work. We emphasize that the priorities were identified when processed in a system (of academic use). From the study we can conclude that, starting from these information systems, audit can identify priorities on its work program. Along with plans and strategic objectives of the enterprise, the internal auditor can define operational procedures to work in favor of the attainment of the objectives of the organization.

  10. Initialization, conceptualization, and application in the generalized (fractional) calculus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorenzo, Carl F; Hartley, Tom T

    2007-01-01

    This paper provides a formalized basis for initialization in the fractional calculus. The intent is to make the fractional calculus readily accessible to engineering and the sciences. A modified set of definitions for the fractional calculus is provided which formally include the effects of initialization. Conceptualizations of fractional derivatives and integrals are shown. Physical examples of the basic elements from electronics are presented along with examples from dynamics, material science, viscoelasticity, filtering, instrumentation, and electrochemistry to indicate the broad application of the theory and to demonstrate the use of the mathematics. The fundamental criteria for a generalized calculus established by Ross (1974) are shown to hold for the generalized fractional calculus under appropriate conditions. A new generalized form for the Laplace transform of the generalized differintegral is derived. The concept of a variable structure (order) differintegral is presented along with initial efforts toward meaningful definitions. PMID:19583533

  11. Intitialization, Conceptualization, and Application in the Generalized Fractional Calculus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorenzo, Carl F.; Hartley, Tom T.

    1998-01-01

    This paper provides a formalized basis for initialization in the fractional calculus. The intent is to make the fractional calculus readily accessible to engineering and the sciences. A modified set of definitions for the fractional calculus is provided which formally include the effects of initialization. Conceptualizations of fractional derivatives and integrals are shown. Physical examples of the basic elements from electronics are presented along with examples from dynamics, material science, viscoelasticity, filtering, instrumentation, and electrochemistry to indicate the broad application of the theory and to demonstrate the use of the mathematics. The fundamental criteria for a generalized calculus established by Ross (1974) are shown to hold for the generalized fractional calculus under appropriate conditions. A new generalized form for the Laplace transform of the generalized differintegral is derived. The concept of a variable structure (order) differintegral is presented along with initial efforts toward meaningful definitions.

  12. 76 FR 32961 - Applications, Reports, and Other Records for the 2010-2011 Award Year; Student Assistance General...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-07

    ... Applications, Reports, and Other Records for the 2010-2011 Award Year; Student Assistance General Provisions... Information Records (ISIRs) or Student Aid Reports (SARs) by Institutions Table A provides information and... and Receipt of Institutional Student Information Records (ISIRs) or Student Aid Reports (SARs)...

  13. Fisher Information and Complexity Measure of Generalized Morse Potential Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onate, C. A.; Idiodi, J. O. A.

    2016-09-01

    The spreading of the quantum-mechanical probability distribution density of the three-dimensional system is quantitatively determined by means of the local information-theoretic quantity of the Shannon information and information energy in both position and momentum spaces. The complexity measure which is equivalent to Cramer–Rao uncertainty product is determined. We have obtained the information content stored, the concentration of quantum system and complexity measure numerically for n = 0, 1, 2 and 3 respectively.

  14. An uncertainty relation in terms of generalized metric adjusted skew information and correlation measure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Ya-Jing; Cao, Huai-Xin; Meng, Hui-Xian; Chen, Liang

    2016-09-01

    The uncertainty principle in quantum mechanics is a fundamental relation with different forms, including Heisenberg's uncertainty relation and Schrödinger's uncertainty relation. In this paper, we prove a Schrödinger-type uncertainty relation in terms of generalized metric adjusted skew information and correlation measure by using operator monotone functions, which reads, U_ρ ^{(g,f)}(A)U_ρ ^{(g,f)}(B)≥ f(0)^2l/k| {Corr}_ρ ^{s(g,f)}(A,B)| ^2 for some operator monotone functions f and g, all n-dimensional observables A, B and a non-singular density matrix ρ . As applications, we derive some new uncertainty relations for Wigner-Yanase skew information and Wigner-Yanase-Dyson skew information.

  15. A generalized biharmonic equation and its applications to hydrodynamic instability

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Mihir B Banerjee; J R Gupta; R G Shandil

    2002-06-01

    Problems concerning characterization of eigenvalues of some linear and homogenous differential systems by the Pellew and Southwell method of conjugate eigenfunctions in the domain of hydrodynamic instability are discussed and a general mathematical framework described. In this general survey we look back on and rewrite this work almost in exactly the way it evolved out of a few naive looking calculations in hydrodynamic instability. We show in the process the close relationship that exists between mathematical analysis and its applications with due credit to intuition as the main source of mathematical activity.

  16. A generalized rough set-based information filling technique for failure analysis of thruster experimental data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Han Shan; Zhu Qiang; Li Jianxun; Chen Lin

    2013-01-01

    Interval-valued data and incomplete data are two key problems for failure analysis of thruster experimental data and have been basically solved by the proposed methods in this paper. Firstly, information data acquired from the simulation and evaluation system formed as interval-valued information system (IIS) is classified by the interval similarity relation. Then, as an improve-ment of the classical rough set, a new kind of generalized information entropy called‘‘H0-informa-tion entropy’’ is suggested for the measurement of uncertainty and the classification ability of IIS. There is an innovative information filling technique using the properties of H0-information entropy to replace missing data by some smaller estimation intervals. Finally, an improved method of failure analysis synthesized by the above achievements is presented to classify the thruster experimental data, complete the information, and extract the failure rules. The feasibility and advantage of this method is testified by an actual application of failure analysis, whose performance is evaluated by the quantification of E-condition entropy.

  17. 77 FR 749 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Implementation of Information Technology...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-06

    ...; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision AGENCY: Office of Acquisition Policy, General... information technology (IT) supplies, services and systems. DATES: Effective Date: January 6, 2012... information technology (IT) supplies, services and systems with security requirements. FOR FURTHER...

  18. Optimizing Information Credibility in Social Swarming Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Bin; Bar-Noyz, Amotz; Govindan, Ramesh; Neely, Michael J

    2010-01-01

    With the advent of smartphone technology, it has become possible to conceive of entirely new classes of applications. Social swarming, in which users armed with smartphones are directed by a central director to report on events in the physical world, has several real-world applications: search and rescue, coordinated fire-fighting, and the DARPA balloon hunt challenge. In this paper, we focus on the following problem: how does the director optimize the selection of reporters to deliver credible corroborating information about an event. We first propose a model, based on common intuitions of believability, about the credibility of information. We then cast the problem posed above as a discrete optimization problem, and introduce optimal centralized solutions and an approximate solution amenable to decentralized implementation whose performance is about 20% off on average from the optimal (on real-world datasets derived from Google News) while being 3 orders of magnitude more computationally efficient. More int...

  19. Generalized complement operators and applications in some semirings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bijev, G. [Technical University of Sofia, 8, Kl.Ohridski Blvd, 1000 Sofia (Bulgaria)

    2013-12-18

    Generalized complement operators on the semiring of all Boolean matrices as semilattice homomorphisms are considered. Some applications in solving equations on the set Bn of all binary relations are developed. In particular the structure of B3 is investigated by computer methods. Specific properties of the subsemigroup generated by all irregular relations in B3 are found. Stochastic experiments on the monoid Bn were made. The frequency of irregular elements as well as those of solvable equations depending on n is examined.

  20. Generalized complement operators and applications in some semirings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bijev, G.

    2013-12-01

    Generalized complement operators on the semiring of all Boolean matrices as semilattice homomorphisms are considered. Some applications in solving equations on the set Bn of all binary relations are developed. In particular the structure of B3 is investigated by computer methods. Specific properties of the subsemigroup generated by all irregular relations in B3 are found. Stochastic experiments on the monoid Bn were made. The frequency of irregular elements as well as those of solvable equations depending on n is examined.

  1. Generalized Bogoliubov Polariton Model: An Application to Stock Exchange Market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thuy Anh, Chu; Anh, Truong Thi Ngoc; Lan, Nguyen Tri; Viet, Nguyen Ai

    2016-06-01

    A generalized Bogoliubov method for investigation non-simple and complex systems was developed. We take two branch polariton Hamiltonian model in second quantization representation and replace the energies of quasi-particles by two distribution functions of research objects. Application to stock exchange market was taken as an example, where the changing the form of return distribution functions from Boltzmann-like to Gaussian-like was studied.

  2. Pricing of General Insurance and the Impact of Asymmetric Information

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Englund, Martin

    To set the insurance premium correctly is of outmost importance on a competitive insurance market. Hence the overall objective of this thesis is to improve the pricing, first by using individual claims information, and second by using information about the individuals choice of coverage. Regarding...

  3. Traumatic Brain Injury: General Information. Fact Sheet Number 18 = Lesion Cerebral: Informacion General. Fact Sheet Number 18.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities, Washington, DC.

    This fact sheet offers general information about traumatic brain injury. Information includes a definition, incidence, individual characteristics, and educational implications. The fact sheet notes that the designation of traumatic brain injury as a separate category of disability signals that schools should provide children and youth with access…

  4. 78 FR 75329 - Information Collection; Disaster Assistance (General)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-11

    ... comments by any of the following methods: Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to: www.regulations.gov . Follow... INFORMATION CONTACT: Steve Peterson, Branch Chief, Disaster Assistance Branch, (202) 720-7641....

  5. General Information about Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... children. See the PDQ summary on Adult Central Nervous System Tumors Treatment for more information on the treatment of adults. There are different types of CNS embryonal tumors. Enlarge Anatomy of the inside of the brain, showing the ...

  6. Development of risk-informed application technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This project aims at developing a risk-informed application technology to enhance the safety and economy of nuclear power plant altogether. For this, the PSA standard model is developed which meets the ASME PSA Standard Capability Category I +. In addition, to reduce the uncertainty of PSA, several new PSA technologies are developed. A methodology is developed to quantify the fault trees of initiating events and mitigation systems simultaneously, and a new measure is developed to judge the convergency of PSA results. A new frame is proposed to combine the Level 1 and 2 PSA models into a unified PSA model. The fire risk is re-assessed using a fire analysis computer code. To develop a risk-informed decision making framework, a new method to derive the importance of systems with common cause events is proposed. And it is proposed that a framework for eliciting and combining the experts' opinions consistently. The research results can be used in the regulatory body and the industry projects for risk-informed applications

  7. 7 CFR 800.73 - Computation and payment of service fees; general fee information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS Fees § 800.73 Computation and payment of service fees; general fee information... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Computation and payment of service fees; general fee information. 800.73 Section 800.73 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued)...

  8. Informatics application for a general file management; Aplicacion informatica para la gestion de un registro general

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Botija, L.

    1988-07-01

    It makes easier the mechanization of a General Fill for a great Center as it allows the management, storage, maintenance and retrieval of all the circulating documents, involving any unit or section, to be considered officially or not. Shortly, it is a system which makes possible the inclusion, within the same Data Base, of references to official and unofficial documents of different classes, as well as document associated with them, under a number of registration correlative for each document and originated by the application. (Author)

  9. Future information communication technology and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, Jung; Sahama, Tony; Yang, Chung-Huang; 2013 International Conference on Future Information & Communication Engineering (ICFICE 2013)

    2013-01-01

    These proceedings are based on the 2013 International Conference on Future Information & Communication Engineering (ICFICE 2013), which will be held at Shenyang in China from June 24-26, 2013. The conference is open to all over the world, and participation from Asia-Pacific region is particularly encouraged. The focus of this conference is on all technical aspects of electronics, information, and communications ICFICE-13 will provide an opportunity for academic and industry professionals to discuss the latest issues and progress in the area of FICE. In addition, the conference will publish high quality papers which are closely related to the various theories and practical applications in FICE. Furthermore, we expect that the conference and its publications will be a trigger for further related research and technology improvements in this important subject.  "This work was supported by the NIPA (National IT Industry Promotion Agency) of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (Ministry of Science, ICT...

  10. Recent Advances in Information Hiding and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Huang, Hsiang-Cheh; Jain, Lakhmi; Zhao, Yao

    2013-01-01

    This research book presents a sample of recent advances in information hiding techniques and their applications. It includes:   Image data hiding scheme based on vector quantization and image graph coloring The copyright protection system for Android platform Reversible data hiding ICA-based image and video watermarking Content-based invariant image watermarking Single bitmap block truncation coding of color images using cat swarm optimization Genetic-based wavelet packet watermarking for copyright protection Lossless text steganography in compression coding Fast and low-distortion capacity acoustic synchronized acoustic-to-acoustic steganography scheme Video watermarking with shot detection

  11. A Generalization of Exponential Class and Its Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongya Gao

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A function space, Lθ,∞(Ω, 0≤θ<∞, is defined. It is proved that Lθ,∞(Ω is a Banach space which is a generalization of exponential class. An alternative definition of Lθ,∞(Ω space is given. As an application, we obtain weak monotonicity property for very weak solutions of -harmonic equation with variable coefficients under some suitable conditions related to Lθ,∞(Ω, which provides a generalization of a known result due to Moscariello. A weighted space Lwθ,∞(Ω is also defined, and the boundedness for the Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator Mw and a Calderón-Zygmund operator T with respect to Lwθ,∞(Ω is obtained.

  12. Application of Neutrosophic Set Theory in Generalized Assignment Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supriya Kar

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the application of Neutrosophic Set Theory (NST in solving Generalized Assignment Problem (GAP. GAP has been solved earlier under fuzzy environment. NST is a generalization of the concept of classical set, fuzzy set, interval-valued fuzzy set, intuitionistic fuzzy set. Elements of Neutrosophic set are characterized by a truth-membership function, falsity and also indeterminacy which is a more realistic way of expressing the parameters in real life problem. Here the elements of the cost matrix for the GAP are considered as neutrosophic elements which have not been considered earlier by any other author. The problem has been solved by evaluating score function matrix and then solving it by Extremum Difference Method (EDM [1] to get the optimal assignment. The method has been demonstrated by a suitable numerical example.

  13. Bitopological spaces theory, relations with generalized algebraic structures and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Dvalishvili, Badri

    2005-01-01

    This monograph is the first and an initial introduction to the theory of bitopological spaces and its applications. In particular, different families of subsets of bitopological spaces are introduced and various relations between two topologies are analyzed on one and the same set; the theory of dimension of bitopological spaces and the theory of Baire bitopological spaces are constructed, and various classes of mappings of bitopological spaces are studied. The previously known results as well the results obtained in this monograph are applied in analysis, potential theory, general topology, a

  14. REGISTRO: Informatic application for a general file management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It makes easier the mechanization of a 'General File' for a great Center as it allows the management, storage, maintenance and retrieval of all the circulating documents, involving any unit or section, to be considered officially or not. Shortly, it is a system which makes possible the inclusion, within the same Data Base, of references to official and unofficial documents of different classes, as well as document associated with them, under a number of registration correlative for each document and originated by the application. (Author)

  15. REGISTRO: Informatics application for a general file management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It makes easier the mechanization of a General Fill for a great Center as it allows the management, storage, maintenance and retrieval of all the circulating documents, involving any unit or section, to be considered officially or not. Shortly, it is a system which makes possible the inclusion, within the same Data Base, of references to official and unofficial documents of different classes, as well as document associated with them, under a number of registration correlative for each document and originated by the application. (Author)

  16. APPLICATION OF A PRIMAL-DUAL INTERIOR POINT ALGORITHM USING EXACT SECOND ORDER INFORMATION WITH A NOVEL NON-MONOTONE LINE SEARCH METHOD TO GENERALLY CONSTRAINED MINIMAX OPTIMISATION PROBLEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    INTAN S. AHMAD

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available This work presents the application of a primal-dual interior point method to minimax optimisation problems. The algorithm differs significantly from previous approaches as it involves a novel non-monotone line search procedure, which is based on the use of standard penalty methods as the merit function used for line search. The crucial novel concept is the discretisation of the penalty parameter used over a finite range of orders of magnitude and the provision of a memory list for each such order. An implementation within a logarithmic barrier algorithm for bounds handling is presented with capabilities for large scale application. Case studies presented demonstrate the capabilities of the proposed methodology, which relies on the reformulation of minimax models into standard nonlinear optimisation models. Some previously reported case studies from the open literature have been solved, and with significantly better optimal solutions identified. We believe that the nature of the non-monotone line search scheme allows the search procedure to escape from local minima, hence the encouraging results obtained.

  17. Annual Information Meeting of the Pension Fund (General Meeting)

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    All members and beneficiaries of the Pension Fund are invited to attend the Annual Information Meeting to be held in the CERN Council Chamber on Wednesday 12 September 2012 from 10 am to 12 pm * Coffee and croissants will be served prior to the meeting as of 9:30 am. *

  18. Content Based Image Retrieval and Information Theory: A General Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zachary, John; Iyengar, S. S.; Barhen, Jacob

    2001-01-01

    Proposes an alternative real valued representation of color based on the information theoretic concept of entropy. A theoretical presentation of image entropy is accompanied by a practical description of the merits and limitations of image entropy compared to color histograms. Results suggest that image entropy is a promising approach to image…

  19. Decision from Models: Generalizing Probability Information to Novel Tasks

    OpenAIRE

    ZHANG, HANG; Paily, Jacienta T.; Laurence T Maloney

    2015-01-01

    We investigate a new type of decision under risk where—to succeed—participants must generalize their experience in one set of tasks to a novel set of tasks. We asked participants to trade distance for reward in a virtual minefield where each successive step incurred the same fixed probability of failure (referred to as hazard). With constant hazard, the probability of success (the survival function) decreases exponentially with path length. On each trial, participants chose between a shorter ...

  20. MINIMUM DISCRIMINATION INFORMATION PROBLEMS VIA GENERALIZED GEOMETRIC PROGRAMMING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZhuDetong

    2003-01-01

    In this paper,the quadratic program problm and minimum discrimiation in formation (MDI) problem with a set of quadratic inequality constraints and entropy constraints of density are considered.Based on the properties of the generalized geometric programming,the dual programs of thses two problems are derived.Furthermore,the duality theorms and related Kuhn-Tucker conditions for two pairs of the prime-dual programs are also established by the duality theory.

  1. A generalization information management system applied to electrical distribution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geisler, K.I.; Neumann, S.A.; Nielsen, T.D.; Bower, P.K. (Empros Systems International (US)); Hughes, B.A.

    1990-07-01

    This article presents a system solution approach that meets the requirements being imposed by industry trends and the electric utility customer. Specifically, the solution addresses electric distribution management systems. Electrical distribution management is a particularly well suited area of application because it involves a high diversity of tasks, which are currently supported by a proliferation of automated islands. Islands of automation which currently exist include (among others) distribution operations, load management, automated mapping, facility management, work order processing, and planning.

  2. Interactions in Generalized Linear Models: Theoretical Issues and an Application to Personal Vote-Earning Attributes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsung-han Tsai

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available There is some confusion in political science, and the social sciences in general, about the meaning and interpretation of interaction effects in models with non-interval, non-normal outcome variables. Often these terms are casually thrown into a model specification without observing that their presence fundamentally changes the interpretation of the resulting coefficients. This article explains the conditional nature of reported coefficients in models with interactions, defining the necessarily different interpretation required by generalized linear models. Methodological issues are illustrated with an application to voter information structured by electoral systems and resulting legislative behavior and democratic representation in comparative politics.

  3. Thermofield qubits, generalized expectations and quantum information protocols

    CERN Document Server

    Prudencio, T; Santana, A E

    2014-01-01

    We implement the teleportation of thermofield qubits and the quantum transfer of zero-temperature qubits to thermofield qubits via teleportation. We discuss how this protocol can be used in the situation of different thermal baths with associated thermofield states connected non-locally and how the action of gate operations in thermofield qubits can generalize the results associated to expectation values of a given observable. We also investigate the connection between different thermofield states at different temperatures and how such formulation can be used in the domain of meta-stable and non-equilibrium situations.

  4. 78 FR 65300 - Notice of Availability (NOA) for General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary Notice of Availability (NOA) for General Purpose Warehouse and Information... Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center at Defense Distribution Depot San Joaquin,...

  5. Information theory applications for biological sequence analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinga, Susana

    2014-05-01

    Information theory (IT) addresses the analysis of communication systems and has been widely applied in molecular biology. In particular, alignment-free sequence analysis and comparison greatly benefited from concepts derived from IT, such as entropy and mutual information. This review covers several aspects of IT applications, ranging from genome global analysis and comparison, including block-entropy estimation and resolution-free metrics based on iterative maps, to local analysis, comprising the classification of motifs, prediction of transcription factor binding sites and sequence characterization based on linguistic complexity and entropic profiles. IT has also been applied to high-level correlations that combine DNA, RNA or protein features with sequence-independent properties, such as gene mapping and phenotype analysis, and has also provided models based on communication systems theory to describe information transmission channels at the cell level and also during evolutionary processes. While not exhaustive, this review attempts to categorize existing methods and to indicate their relation with broader transversal topics such as genomic signatures, data compression and complexity, time series analysis and phylogenetic classification, providing a resource for future developments in this promising area.

  6. Information report issued in application of the article 146 of the regulation by the Commission for Finances, General Economy, and Budgetary Control on the development perspectives of AREVA and the future of the nuclear sector. Nr 2952

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As AREVA displays an unprecedented loss, and is facing a durable and persistent stagnation of its nuclear activities after the Fukushima accident, and as these losses are the consequences of misguided strategic decisions and disputable mining acquisitions, as well as of a problematic management of the main big industrial projects, this report comes after an intervention of the French President on the future of this company. The objectives are a restoration of Areva's competitiveness, and the elaboration of a new partnership between EDF and AREVA with a new definition of their respective roles in the design, manufacturing and selling of nuclear reactors. Notably based on hearings, and on visits of the Flamanville EPR site and of the La Hague reprocessing plant this reports aims at informing the French parliament on the different faced challenges and opportunities. The authors thus give an overview of the group financial situation and describe the important reorganisation issues. They analyse how the group has been weakened by its economic performance and a development mode with uncertain results. They try to define a possible future within the frame of a reorganised nuclear sector based on a high performance group, a good governance of the nuclear sector, an industrially consistent solution, and a relevant position for the French nuclear sector

  7. A general experiment definition system and its applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehtinen, Markku S.

    An investigation that attempts to find the common features behind all different types of incoherent scatter measurements, so that it becomes possible to describe the most general incoherent scatter measurement using a single, well defined set of variables, is presented. The system presently makes use of the GUISDAP analysis package. The general experiment design parameters make it possible to further develop the system as an experiment design tool for defining the pulse form and signal processing algorithms that are used in actual experiments. The use of statistical inversion theory guarantees the use of optimal analysis methods. To be general enough, the experiment description parameters must provide all the information necessary for statistical inversion methods. At the same time it is possible to build an experiment evaluation system where the behavior of different experiments can be analyzed and/or simulated in the design phase. How this is accomplished is discussed, as well as further plans for experiment design. Fully developed, the system will integrate together many of the tasks presently performed by the various languages (like TLAN, ELAN, and CLAN) in EISCAT. Because of the integrated analysis and experiment evaluation capabilities, and because of easy portability to different computers, it is felt that there is a great deal of promise for making incoherent scatter experiment design, running, and analysis more straightforward.

  8. Dynamical Equations for Quantum Information and Application in Information Channel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BI Qiao; XING Xiu-San; H. E. Ruda

    2005-01-01

    @@ We establish several dynamical equations for quantum information density. It is demonstrated that quantum information density shares the same formalism of the Liouville equation, subdynamics kinetic equation and Fokker-Planck equation as the density operator and also possesses the superposition property. These allow one to use quantum information density directly to model quantum information. The kinetic equations for quantum information density reveal that the dynamical process of quantum information may be related to dissipative,Markovian, or diffusional information flows, together causing irreversibility. Finally, we discuss superposition of quantum information density, which allows us to construct a quantum information channel in the coherent state representation using harmonic oscillator based encoded quantum information, and obtain a formula for quantum dynamical mutual information.

  9. Autism: General Information. Fact Sheet Number 1 = Autismo: Informacion General. Fact Sheet Number 22.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Interstate Research Associates, McLean, VA.

    This fact sheet on autism is offered in both English and Spanish, and is the same in both languages although numbered differently. It provides a definition, information on incidence, typical characteristics, and educational implications. It notes that autism is listed as a separate category under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.…

  10. Epilepsy: General Information. Fact Sheet Number 6 = La Epilepsia: Informacion General. Fact Sheet Number 20.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Interstate Research Associates, McLean, VA.

    This fact sheet on epilepsy is offered in both English and Spanish. It provides a definition, information on incidence, typical characteristics, and educational implications. It notes that epilepsy is classified as "other health impaired" under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and that students with epilepsy are eligible for special…

  11. Application of thermospheric general circulation models for space weather operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller-Rowell, T.; Minter, C.; Codrescu, M.

    Solar irradiance is the dominant source of heat, ionization, and dissociation of the thermosphere, and to a large extent drives the global dynamics, and controls the neutral composition and density structure. Neutral composition is important for space weather applications because of its impact on ionospheric loss rates, and neutral density is critical for satellite drag prediction. The future for thermospheric general circulation models for space weather operations lies in their use as state propagators in data assimilation techniques. The physical models can match empirical models in accuracy provided accurate drivers are available, but their true value comes when combined with data in an optimal way. Two such applications have recently been developed. The first utilizes a Kalman filter to combine space-based observation of airglow with physical model predictions to produce global maps of neutral composition. The output of the filter will be used within the GAIM (Global Assimilation of Ionospheric Measurement) model developed under a parallel effort. The second filter uses satellite tracking and remote sensing data for specification of neutral density. Both applications rely on accurate estimates of the solar EUV and magnetospheric drivers.

  12. 47 CFR 1.2002 - Applicants required to submit information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Applicants required to submit information. 1... Implementation of the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 § 1.2002 Applicants required to submit information. (a) In... certification has been incorporated into the FCC application form being filed, the applicant need not submit...

  13. 10 CFR 600.504 - Information an applicant must submit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Information an applicant must submit. 600.504 Section 600... Information an applicant must submit. (a) Any applicant for financial assistance under a covered program shall submit with the application for financial assistance, or at such later time as may be specified by...

  14. 8th International Conference on Information Visualization Theory and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    2017-01-01

    The International Conference on Information Visualization Theory and Applications aims at becoming a major point of contact between researchers, engineers and practitioners in Information Visualization. The conference will be structured along several topics related to Information Visualization.

  15. Development and trial application of risk information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    JNES has been doing various activities to stimulate the introduction of Risk Informed Regulation (RIR) to the safety regulation of nuclear power plants (NPPs) in Japan. Some applications are already incorporated, such as the regulatory review of Maintenance Programs and Safety Significance Evaluation for Inspection Findings. In consideration with the experience of the accident in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, JNES addressed development of regulatory guidelines, evaluation of the current condition of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, evaluation of effectiveness of severe accident management measures with the backgrounds of insights and experiences on probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) and RIR. Especially, the experiences were applied to the development of the methodologies for evaluation of effectiveness of severe accident managements. As for inspection and operation of NPPs, JNES enhanced the PRA scope applied to the importance analysis for Maintenance Program, SDP and RI-ISI in consideration with the insights of RIR in Japan and other countries. (author)

  16. Ubiquitous Information Technologies and Applications CUTE 2012

    CERN Document Server

    Park, Doo-Soon; Jia, Weijia; Yeo, Sang-Soo

    2013-01-01

    This book is for The 7th International Conference on Ubiquitous Information Technologies and Applications (CUTE 2012). Ubiquitous computing will require a new approach to fitting technology to our lives. The advent of new computing devices, and the seamless connectivity between these devices, thanks to diverse wired and wireless networks, are enabling new opportunities for a user to perform his/her operation all the time and everywhere. These seamlessly connected devices are ranging from mobile handset to wearable computers. Also, it is expected that these devices will become so pervasive that they will be embedded in the surrounding physical environment, and transparent and invisible to a user. Such devices, whether carried on by people or embedded into other systems, will constitute a global internetworking infrastructure and likely to provide a new level of openness and dynamics. Ubiquitous computing has as its goal the enhancing computer use by pushing computational services out of conventional desktop in...

  17. General Information about Learning Disabilities (Fact Sheet Number 7) = Informacion General sobre Impedimentos en el Aprendizaje (Fact Sheet Number 19).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Interstate Research Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.

    This fact sheet providing general information about learning disabilities is presented in both English and Spanish versions. It begins with the federal definition of learning disabilities and a discussion of its implications followed by estimates of incidence. Typical characteristics of students with learning disabilities are then summarized as…

  18. 78 FR 77662 - Notice of Availability (NOA) for General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-24

    ... Logistics Agency (DLA) published a NOA in the Federal Register (78 FR 65300) announcing the publication of... of the Secretary Notice of Availability (NOA) for General Purpose Warehouse and Information... General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center Construction (GPW/IT)--Tracy...

  19. Satellite information for wind energy applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nielsen, M.; Astrup, P.; Bay Hasager, C.

    2004-11-01

    An introduction to satellite information relevant for wind energy applications is given. It includes digital elevation model (DEM) data based on satellite observations. The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) is useful for regional scale wind resource studies. Comparison results from complex terrain in Spain and flat terrain in Denmark are found to be acceptable for both sites. Also land cover type information can be retrieved from satellite observations. Land cover type maps have to be combined with roughness data from field observation or literature values. Land cover type maps constitute an aid to map larger regions within shorter time. Field site observations of obstacles and hedges are still necessary. The raster-based map information from DEM and land cover maps can be converted for use in WASP. For offshore locations it is possible to estimate the wind resources based on ocean surface wind data from several types of satellite observations. The RWT software allows an optimal calculation of SAR wind resource statistics. A tab-file with SAR-based observed wind climate (OWC) data can be obtained for 10 m above sea level and used in WASP. RWT uses a footprint averaging technique to obtain data as similar as possible to mast observations. Maximum-likelihood fitting is used to calculate the Weibull A and k parameters from the constrained data set. Satellite SAR wind maps cover the coastal zone from 3 km and offshore with very detailed information of 400 m by 400 m grid resolution. Spatial trends in mean wind, energy density, Weibull A and k and uncertainty values are provided for the area of interest. Satellite scatterometer wind observations have a spatial resolution of 25 km by 25 km. These data typically represent a site further offshore, and the tab-file statistics should be used in WASP combined with topography and roughness information to assess the coastal wind power potential. Scatterometer wind data are observed {approx} twice per day, whereas SAR only

  20. Correlation structure and variable selection in generalized estimating equations via composite likelihood information criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikoloulopoulos, Aristidis K

    2016-06-30

    The method of generalized estimating equations (GEE) is popular in the biostatistics literature for analyzing longitudinal binary and count data. It assumes a generalized linear model for the outcome variable, and a working correlation among repeated measurements. In this paper, we introduce a viable competitor: the weighted scores method for generalized linear model margins. We weight the univariate score equations using a working discretized multivariate normal model that is a proper multivariate model. Because the weighted scores method is a parametric method based on likelihood, we propose composite likelihood information criteria as an intermediate step for model selection. The same criteria can be used for both correlation structure and variable selection. Simulations studies and the application example show that our method outperforms other existing model selection methods in GEE. From the example, it can be seen that our methods not only improve on GEE in terms of interpretability and efficiency but also can change the inferential conclusions with respect to GEE. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  1. Correlation structure and variable selection in generalized estimating equations via composite likelihood information criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikoloulopoulos, Aristidis K

    2016-06-30

    The method of generalized estimating equations (GEE) is popular in the biostatistics literature for analyzing longitudinal binary and count data. It assumes a generalized linear model for the outcome variable, and a working correlation among repeated measurements. In this paper, we introduce a viable competitor: the weighted scores method for generalized linear model margins. We weight the univariate score equations using a working discretized multivariate normal model that is a proper multivariate model. Because the weighted scores method is a parametric method based on likelihood, we propose composite likelihood information criteria as an intermediate step for model selection. The same criteria can be used for both correlation structure and variable selection. Simulations studies and the application example show that our method outperforms other existing model selection methods in GEE. From the example, it can be seen that our methods not only improve on GEE in terms of interpretability and efficiency but also can change the inferential conclusions with respect to GEE. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:26822854

  2. Generalized multi-layered granulations and approximations based on neighborhood systems under incomplete information systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Ming; FENG Bo-qin

    2005-01-01

    A generalized multi-layered granulation structure used by neighborhood systems is proposed. With granulated views, the concepts of approximations under incomplete information systems are studied, which are represented by covering of the universe. With respect to different levels of granulations, a pair of lower and upper approximations is defined and an approximation structure is investigated, which lead to a more general approximation structure. The generalized multi-layered granulation structure provides a basis of the proposed framework of granular computing. Using this framework, the interesting and useful results about information granulation and approximation reasoning can be obtained. This paper presents some useful explorations about the incomplete information systems from information views.

  3. The Generalization of Mutual Information as the Information between a Set of Variables: The Information Correlation Function Hierarchy and the Information Structure of Multi-Agent Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, David R.

    2004-01-01

    The topic of this paper is a hierarchy of information-like functions, here named the information correlation functions, where each function of the hierarchy may be thought of as the information between the variables it depends upon. The information correlation functions are particularly suited to the description of the emergence of complex behaviors due to many- body or many-agent processes. They are particularly well suited to the quantification of the decomposition of the information carried among a set of variables or agents, and its subsets. In more graphical language, they provide the information theoretic basis for understanding the synergistic and non-synergistic components of a system, and as such should serve as a forceful toolkit for the analysis of the complexity structure of complex many agent systems. The information correlation functions are the natural generalization to an arbitrary number of sets of variables of the sequence starting with the entropy function (one set of variables) and the mutual information function (two sets). We start by describing the traditional measures of information (entropy) and mutual information.

  4. Information resource preferences by general pediatricians in office settings: a qualitative study

    OpenAIRE

    Lehmann Harold P; Bartlett Edward L; Kim George R

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Background Information needs and resource preferences of office-based general pediatricians have not been well characterized. Methods Data collected from a sample of twenty office-based urban/suburban general pediatricians consisted of: (a) a demographic survey about participants' practice and computer use, (b) semi-structured interviews on their use of different types of information resources and (c) semi-structured interviews on perceptions of information needs and resource prefere...

  5. Information Scaffolding: Application to Technical Animation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Catherine Claire

    2010-01-01

    Information Scaffolding is a user-centered approach to information design; a method devised to aid "everyday" authors in information composition. Information Scaffolding places a premium on audience-centered documents by emphasizing the information needs and motivations of a multimedia document's intended audience. The aim of this…

  6. 77 FR 43236 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; SURF Program Student Applicant Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-24

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; SURF Program Student Applicant Information AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST... SURF (Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship) Program. The information will be provided by...

  7. A generalization of Schur-Weyl duality with applications in quantum estimation

    CERN Document Server

    Marvian, Iman

    2011-01-01

    Schur-Weyl duality is a powerful tool in representation theory which has many applications to quantum information theory. We provide a generalization of this duality and demonstrate some of its applications. In particular, we use it to develop a general framework for the study of a family of quantum estimation problems wherein one is given n copies of an unknown quantum state according to some prior and the goal is to estimate certain parameters of the given state. In particular, we are interested to know whether collective measurements are useful and if so to find an upper bound on the amount of entanglement which is required to achieve the optimal estimation. In the case of pure states, we show that commutativity of the set of observables that define the estimation problem implies the sufficiency of unentangled measurements.

  8. A Generalization of Schur-Weyl Duality with Applications in Quantum Estimation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marvian, Iman; Spekkens, Robert W.

    2014-10-01

    Schur-Weyl duality is a powerful tool in representation theory which has many applications to quantum information theory. We provide a generalization of this duality and demonstrate some of its applications. In particular, we use it to develop a general framework for the study of a family of quantum estimation problems wherein one is given n copies of an unknown quantum state according to some prior and the goal is to estimate certain parameters of the given state. In particular, we are interested to know whether collective measurements are useful and if so to find an upper bound on the amount of entanglement which is required to achieve the optimal estimation. In the case of pure states, we show that commutativity of the set of observables that define the estimation problem implies the sufficiency of unentangled measurements.

  9. A Generalized Information Formula as the Bridge between Shannon and Popper

    CERN Document Server

    Lu, Chenguang

    2007-01-01

    A generalized information formula related to logical probability and fuzzy set is deduced from the classical information formula. The new information measure accords with to Popper's criterion for knowledge evolution very much. In comparison with square error criterion, the information criterion does not only reflect error of a proposition, but also reflects the particularity of the event described by the proposition. It gives a proposition with less logical probability higher evaluation. The paper introduces how to select a prediction or sentence from many for forecasts and language translations according to the generalized information criterion. It also introduces the rate fidelity theory, which comes from the improvement of the rate distortion theory in the classical information theory by replacing distortion (i.e. average error) criterion with the generalized mutual information criterion, for data compression and communication efficiency. Some interesting conclusions are obtained from the rate-fidelity fu...

  10. Riemann-Finsler Geometry with Applications to Information Geometry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Information geometry is a new branch in mathematics, originated from the applications of differential geometry to statistics. In this paper we briefly introduce RiemannFinsler geometry, by which we establish Information Geometry on a much broader base,so that the potential applications of Information Geometry will be beyond statistics.

  11. Addressing Information Proliferation: Applications of Information Extraction and Text Mining

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jingjing

    2013-01-01

    The advent of the Internet and the ever-increasing capacity of storage media have made it easy to store, deliver, and share enormous volumes of data, leading to a proliferation of information on the Web, in online libraries, on news wires, and almost everywhere in our daily lives. Since our ability to process and absorb this information remains…

  12. Application of Improved Radiation Modeling to General Circulation Models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael J Iacono

    2011-04-07

    This research has accomplished its primary objectives of developing accurate and efficient radiation codes, validating them with measurements and higher resolution models, and providing these advancements to the global modeling community to enhance the treatment of cloud and radiative processes in weather and climate prediction models. A critical component of this research has been the development of the longwave and shortwave broadband radiative transfer code for general circulation model (GCM) applications, RRTMG, which is based on the single-column reference code, RRTM, also developed at AER. RRTMG is a rigorously tested radiation model that retains a considerable level of accuracy relative to higher resolution models and measurements despite the performance enhancements that have made it possible to apply this radiation code successfully to global dynamical models. This model includes the radiative effects of all significant atmospheric gases, and it treats the absorption and scattering from liquid and ice clouds and aerosols. RRTMG also includes a statistical technique for representing small-scale cloud variability, such as cloud fraction and the vertical overlap of clouds, which has been shown to improve cloud radiative forcing in global models. This development approach has provided a direct link from observations to the enhanced radiative transfer provided by RRTMG for application to GCMs. Recent comparison of existing climate model radiation codes with high resolution models has documented the improved radiative forcing capability provided by RRTMG, especially at the surface, relative to other GCM radiation models. Due to its high accuracy, its connection to observations, and its computational efficiency, RRTMG has been implemented operationally in many national and international dynamical models to provide validated radiative transfer for improving weather forecasts and enhancing the prediction of global climate change.

  13. Generalization of mixed multiscale finite element methods with applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, C S [Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)

    2016-08-01

    Many science and engineering problems exhibit scale disparity and high contrast. The small scale features cannot be omitted in the physical models because they can affect the macroscopic behavior of the problems. However, resolving all the scales in these problems can be prohibitively expensive. As a consequence, some types of model reduction techniques are required to design efficient solution algorithms. For practical purpose, we are interested in mixed finite element problems as they produce solutions with certain conservative properties. Existing multiscale methods for such problems include the mixed multiscale finite element methods. We show that for complicated problems, the mixed multiscale finite element methods may not be able to produce reliable approximations. This motivates the need of enrichment for coarse spaces. Two enrichment approaches are proposed, one is based on generalized multiscale finte element metthods (GMsFEM), while the other is based on spectral element-based algebraic multigrid (rAMGe). The former one, which is called mixed GMsFEM, is developed for both Darcy’s flow and linear elasticity. Application of the algorithm in two-phase flow simulations are demonstrated. For linear elasticity, the algorithm is subtly modified due to the symmetry requirement of the stress tensor. The latter enrichment approach is based on rAMGe. The algorithm differs from GMsFEM in that both of the velocity and pressure spaces are coarsened. Due the multigrid nature of the algorithm, recursive application is available, which results in an efficient multilevel construction of the coarse spaces. Stability, convergence analysis, and exhaustive numerical experiments are carried out to validate the proposed enrichment approaches. iii

  14. GENERAL INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    World Journal of Radiology(World J Radiol,WJR,online ISSN 1949-8470,DOI:10.4329)is a peer-reviewed open access(OA)academic journal that aims to guide clinical practice and improve diagnostic and therapeutic skills of clinicians.Aim and scope WJR covers topics concerning diagnostic radiology,radiation oncology,radiologic physics,neuroradiology,nuclear radiology,pedi-

  15. GENERAL INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    World Jour nal of Cardiolog y(World J Cardiol,WJC,online ISSN1949-8462,DOI:10.4330)is a peer-reviewed open access(OA)academic journal that aims to guide clinical practice and improve diagnostic and therapeutic skills of clinicians.Aim and scope WJC covers topics concerning arrhythmia,heart failure,vascular disease,stroke,hypertension,prevention and epidemiology,dyslipidemia and metabolic disorders,cardiac imaging,pediatrics,nursing,

  16. Einstein's general theory of relativity with modern applications in cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Grøn, Øyvind

    2007-01-01

    Many of us have experienced the same; fallen and broken something. Yet supposedly, gravity is the weakest of the fundamental forces; it is claimed to be 10-15 times weaker than electromagnetism. Still, every one of us has more or less had a personal relationship with gravity. Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity: With Modern Applications in Cosmology by Oyvind Gron and Sigbjorn Hervik is about gravity and the concept of gravity as Albert Einstein saw it- curved spaces, four-dimensional manifolds and geodesics. The book starts with the 1st principals of relativity and an introduction to Einstein’s field equations. Next up are the three classical tests of the relativity theory and an introduction to black holes. The book contains several topics not found in other textbooks, such as Kaluza-Klein theory, anisotropic models of the universe, and new developments involving brane cosmology. Gron and Hervik have included a part in the book called "Advanced Topics." These topics range from the very edge of resea...

  17. Non-time-homogeneous Generalized Mehler Semigroups and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Ouyang, Shun-Xiang

    2010-01-01

    A non-time-homogeneous generalized Mehler semigroup on a real separable Hilbert space \\H is defined through \\[ p_{s,t}f(x)=\\int_\\H f(U(t,s)x+y)\\,\\mu_{t,s}(dy), \\quad t\\geq s, \\ x\\in\\H, \\] for every bounded measurable function $f$ on $\\H$, where $(U(t,s))_{t\\geq s}$ is an evolution family of bounded operators on $\\H$ and $\\mu_{t,s}$ is a family of probability measures on $(\\H, \\B(\\H))$ satisfying $\\mu_{t,s}=\\mu_{t,r}*\\left(\\mu_{r,s}\\circ U(t,r)^{-1}\\right)$ for $t\\geq r\\geq s$. This kind of semigroups is closely related with the ``transition semigroup'' of non-autonomous (possibly non-continuous) Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process driven by some proper additive process. We show the infinite divisibility and a L\\'evy-Khintchine type representation of $\\mu_{t,s}$. We also study the corresponding evolution systems of measures (=space-time invariant measures), dimension free Harnack inequality and their applications to derive important properties of $p_{s,t}$. We also prove the Harnack inequality and show the strong Felle...

  18. Generalized Reconfigurable Memristive Dynamical System (MDS for Neuromorphic Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad eBavandpour

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This study firstly presents (i a novel general cellular mapping scheme for two dimensional neuromorphic dynamical systems such as bio-inspired neuron models, and (ii an efficient mixed analog-digital circuit, which can be conveniently implemented on a hybrid memristor-crossbar/CMOS platform, for hardware implementation of the scheme. This approach employs 4n memristors and no switch for implementing an n-cell system in comparison with 2n^2 memristors and 2n switches of a Cellular Memristive Dynamical System (CMDS. Moreover, this approach allows for dynamical variables with both analog and one-hot digital values opening a wide range of choices for interconnections and networking schemes. Dynamical response analyses show that this circuit exhibits various responses based on the underlying bifurcation scenarios which determine the main characteristics of the neuromorphic dynamical systems. Due to high programmability of the circuit, it can be applied to a variety of learning systems, real-time applications, and analytically indescribable dynamical systems. We simulate the FitzHugh-Nagumo (FHN, Adaptive Exponential (AdEx integrate and fire, and Izhikevich neuron models on our platform, and investigate the dynamical behaviors of these circuits as case studies. Moreover, error analysis shows that our approach is suitably accurate. We also develop a simple hardware prototype for experimental demonstration of our approach.

  19. Generalized Interference Alignment—Part II: Application to Wireless Secrecy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruan, Liangzhong; Lau, Vincent K. N.; Win, Moe Z.

    2016-05-01

    In contrast to its wired counterpart, wireless communication is highly susceptible to eavesdropping due to the broadcast nature of the wireless propagation medium. Recent works have proposed the use of interference to reduce eavesdropping capabilities in wireless wiretap networks. However, the concurrent effect of interference on both eavesdropping receivers (ERs) and legitimate receivers (LRs) has not been thoroughly investigated, and carefully engineering the network interference is required to harness the full potential of interference for wireless secrecy. This two part paper addresses this issue by proposing a generalized interference alignment (GIA) technique, which jointly designs the transceivers at the legitimate partners to impede the ERs without interfering with LRs. In Part I, we have established a theoretical framework for the GIA technique. In Part II, we will first propose an efficient GIA algorithm that is applicable to large-scale networks and then evaluate the performance of this algorithm in stochastic wireless wiretap network via both analysis and simulation. These results reveal insights into when and how GIA contributes to wireless secrecy.

  20. Cosmological applications of singular hypersurfaces in general relativity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laguna-Castillo, Pablo

    Three applications to cosmology of surface layers, based on Israel's formalism of singular hypersurfaces and thin shells in general relativity, are presented. Einstein's field equations are analyzed in the presence of a bubble nucleated in vacuum phase transitions within the context of the old inflationary universe scenario. The evolution of a bubble with vanishing surface energy density is studied. It is found that such bubbles lead to a worm-hole matching. Next, the observable four-dimensional universe is considered as a singular hypersurface of discontinuity embedded in a five-dimensional Kaluza-Klein cosmology. It is possible to rewrite the projected five-dimensional Einstein equations on the surface layer in a similar way to the four-dimensional Robertson-Walker cosmology equations. Next, a model is described for an infinite-length, straight U(1) cosmic string as a cylindrical, singular shell enclosing a region of false vacuum. A set of equations is introduced which are required to develop a three-dimensional computer code whose purpose is to study the process of intercommuting cosmic strings with the inclusion of gravitational effects. The outcome is evolution and constraint equations for the gravitational, scalar and gauge field of two initially separated, perpendicular, cosmic strings.

  1. Application of General fractal Dimension to Coupling Fault Diagnosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents the coucept of general and sensitive dimension, and also proposes the calculation formula of the general dimension least squares method. By calculating and analyzing the power spectrum and general dimension from the fault sample, the relationship is achieved between sample status and the general dimension from vibration signals function of general dimension is proposed, and calculations are carried out for a monitor signal and samples signal. The diagnosis method based on fractal theory is effective through the concrete examples of the steam-electric generating set fault diagnosis, and the correlation coefficient of general dimension between a monitor signal and samples signal can improve the accuracy for fault diagnosis.

  2. A Secured Framework for Geographical Information Applications on Web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mennatallah H. Ibrahim

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Current geographical information applications increasingly require managing spatial data through the Web. Users of geographical information application need not only to display the spatial data but also to interactively modify them. As a result, the security risks that face geographical information applications are also increasing. In this paper, a secured framework is proposed. The proposed framework's goal is, providing a fine grained access control to web-based geographic information applications. A case study is finally applied to prove the proposed framework feasibility and effectiveness.

  3. Adaptive Information Access on Multiple Applications Support Wireless Sensor Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tobgay, Sonam; Olsen, Rasmus Løvenstein; Prasad, Ramjee

    2014-01-01

    Accessing information remotely to dynamically changing information elements cannot be avoided and has become a required functionality for various network services. Most applications require up-to-date information which is reliable and accurate. The information reliability in terms of using correct...

  4. Applications of information theory in plant disease management

    OpenAIRE

    Hughes, Gareth

    2008-01-01

    Information theory is a branch of probability and statistics involving the analysis of communications. Information theory enables us to analyze and quantify the information content of predictions made in the context of plant disease management and related disciplines. In this article, some applications of information theory in plant disease management are outlined.

  5. Exact solutions to the generalized Lienard equation and its applications

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Yang Xian-Lin; Tang Jia-Shi

    2008-12-01

    Some new exact solutions of the generalized Lienard equation are obtained, and the solutions of the equation are applied to solve nonlinear wave equations with nonlinear terms of any order directly. The generalized one-dimensional Klein–Gordon equation, the generalized Ablowitz (A) equation and the generalized Gerdjikov–Ivanov (GI) equation are investigated and abundant new exact travelling wave solutions are obtained that include solitary wave solutions and triangular periodic wave solutions.

  6. A Fortran 90 Program for the Generalized Order-Restricted Information Criterion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca M. Kuiper

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The generalized order-restricted information criterion (GORIC is a generalization of the Akaike information criterion such that it can evaluate hypotheses that take on specific, but widely applicable, forms (namely, closed convex cones for multivariate normal linear models. It can examine the traditional hypotheses H0: ?1,1 = = ?t,k and Hu: ?1,1, , ?t,k and hypotheses containing simple order restrictions Hm: ?1,1 ? ? ?t,k, where any "?" may be replaced by "=" and m is the model/hypothesis index; with ?h,j the parameter for the h-th dependent variable and the j-th predictor in a t-variate regression model with k predictors (which might include the intercept. But, the GORIC can also be applied to restrictions of the form Hm: R1? = r1; R2? ? r2, with ? a vector of length tk, R1 a cm1 tk matrix, r1 a vector of length cm1, R2 a cm2 tk matrix, and r2 a vector of length cm2. It should be noted that [R1T, R2T]T should be of full rank when [R1T, R2T]T ? 0. In practice, this implies that one cannot examine range restrictions (e.g., 0 < ?1,1 < 2 or ?1,2 < ?1,1 < 2?1,2 with the GORIC. A Fortran 90 program is presented, which enables researchers to compute the GORIC for hypotheses in the context of multivariate regression models. Additionally, an R package called goric is made by Daniel Gerhard and the first author.

  7. 77 FR 36543 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation (GSAR) Part 523; Information Collection...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-19

    ... methodology; and ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected. DATES... Reporting Burden Respondents: 563. Responses per Respondent: 3. Hours per Response: .658. Total Burden Hours... ADMINISTRATION General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation (GSAR) Part 523; Information...

  8. 76 FR 38179 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; GSAR Provision...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ... information is accurate, and based on valid assumptions and methodology; ways to enhance the quality, utility.... Responses per Respondent: 1. Hours per Response: 1. Total Burden Hours: 6794. Obtaining Copies of Proposals... ADMINISTRATION General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; GSAR Provision...

  9. 76 FR 21743 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Sealed Bidding

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-18

    ... ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected. DATES: Submit... Respondent: 1. Hours per Response: .5. Total Burden Hours: 5. Obtaining Copies of Proposals: Requesters may... ADMINISTRATION General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Sealed...

  10. Medidas procesales especiales y proteccíon de los derechos humanos Informe general

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vervaele, J.A.E.

    2009-01-01

    El objetivo del informe general es realizar un análisis comparativo de los informes nacionales para evidenciar los procesos de transformación de los sistemas nacionales de justicia penal, en particular del proceso penal, en el que se han introducido medidas procesales especiales para hacer frente al

  11. Comprehension and application of patent information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book gives descriptions of conception of patent information such as the meaning, characteristic, function, investigation and map of patent information, pro-patent period and patent strategy of the business. It also deals with comprehension of patent information like publication of nations, patent document, patent procedure in Korea, patent procedure in Japan, the U.S, and Europe, article and function of patent document, patent information survey such as writing of search keyword, procedure of the survey and search site of other countries, patent analysis and patent map.

  12. Information resource preferences by general pediatricians in office settings: a qualitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lehmann Harold P

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Information needs and resource preferences of office-based general pediatricians have not been well characterized. Methods Data collected from a sample of twenty office-based urban/suburban general pediatricians consisted of: (a a demographic survey about participants' practice and computer use, (b semi-structured interviews on their use of different types of information resources and (c semi-structured interviews on perceptions of information needs and resource preferences in response to clinical vignettes representing cases in Genetics and Infectious Diseases. Content analysis of interviews provided participants' perceived use of resources and their perceived questions and preferred resources in response to vignettes. Results Participants' average time in practice was 15.4 years (2–28 years. All had in-office online access. Participants identified specialist/generalist colleagues, general/specialty pediatric texts, drug formularies, federal government/professional organization Websites and medical portals (when available as preferred information sources. They did not identify decision-making texts, evidence-based reviews, journal abstracts, medical librarians or consumer health information for routine office use. In response to clinical vignettes in Genetics and Infectious Diseases, participants identified Question Types about patient-specific (diagnosis, history and findings and general medical (diagnostic, therapeutic and referral guidelines information. They identified specialists and specialty textbooks, history and physical examination, colleagues and general pediatric textbooks, and federal and professional organizational Websites as information sources. Participants with access to portals identified them as information resources in lieu of texts. For Genetics vignettes, participants identified questions about prenatal history, disease etiology and treatment guidelines. For Genetics vignettes, they identified

  13. An efficient and general approach for implementing thermodynamic phase equilibria information in geophysical and geodynamic studies

    OpenAIRE

    Afonso, Juan Carlos; Zlotnik, Sergio; Díez, Pedro

    2015-01-01

    We present a flexible, general, and efficient approach for implementing thermodynamic phase equilibria information (in the form of sets of physical parameters) into geophysical and geodynamic studies. The approach is based on Tensor Rank Decomposition methods, which transform the original multidimensional discrete information into a separated representation that contains significantly fewer terms, thus drastically reducing the amount of information to be stored in memory during a numerical si...

  14. Towards the Application of Agent Technology in Information Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The integration of agent technology with Information Systems (ISs) to assist in dealing with information overload and complex problems has received increasing attention over recent years. This paper studies the necessity for the application of agent technology in today's ISs, and discusses some kinds of applications of agent technology in ISs.

  15. Pesticide Applicator Training Manual, Category 7A: General and Household Pest Control for New Jersey. A Training Program for the Certification of Commercial Pesticide Applicators, and Study Questions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulze, Terry L.; Kriner, Ray R.

    This training manual provides information needed to meet the minimum EPA standards for certification as a commercial applicator of pesticides in the general and household pest control category. The text discusses invertebrate pests that effect health, stored products, grain, fabric, or the household; and vertebrate pests such as rats, mice, and…

  16. Tomographic and Lie algebraic significance of generalized symmetric informationally complete measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Huangjun

    2014-09-01

    Generalized symmetric informationally complete (SIC) measurements are SIC measurements that are not necessarily rank 1. They are interesting originally because of their connection with rank-1 SICs. Here we reveal several merits of generalized SICs in connection with quantum state tomography and Lie algebra that are interesting in their own right. These properties uniquely characterize generalized SICs among minimal informationally complete (IC) measurements although, on the face of it, they bear little resemblance to the original definition. In particular, we show that in quantum state tomography generalized SICs are optimal among minimal IC measurements with given average purity of measurement outcomes. Besides its significance to the current study, this result may help us to understand tomographic efficiencies of minimal IC measurements under the influence of noise. When minimal IC measurements are taken as bases for the Lie algebra of the unitary group, generalized SICs are uniquely characterized by the antisymmetry of the associated structure constants.

  17. Sparse generalized pencil of function and its application to system identification and structural health monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammadi-Ghazi, Reza; Büyüköztürk, Oral

    2016-04-01

    Singularity expansion method (SEM) is a system identification approach with applications in solving inverse scattering problems, electromagnetic interaction problems, remote sensing, and radars. In this approach, the response of a system is represented in terms of its complex poles; therefore, this method not only extracts the fundamental frequencies of the system from the signal, but also provides sufficient information about system's damping if its transient response is analyzed. There are various techniques in SEM among which the generalized pencil-of-function (GPOF) is the computationally most stable and the least sensitive one to noise. However, SEM methods, including GPOF, suffer from imposition of spurious poles on the expansion of signals due to the lack of apriori information about the number of true poles. In this study we address this problem by proposing sparse generalized pencil-of-function (SGPOF). The proposed method excludes the spurious poles through sparsity-based regularization with ℓ1-norm. This study is backed by numerical examples as well as an application example which employs the proposed technique for structural health monitoring (SHM) and compares the results with other signal processing methods.

  18. General Aspects of some Causes of Web Application Vulnerabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mironela Pîrnău

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Because web applications are complex software systems in constant evolution, they become real targets for hackers as they provide direct access to corporate or personal data. Web application security is supposed to represent an essential priority for organizations in order to protect sensitive customer data, or those of the employees of a company. Worldwide, there are many organizations that report the most common types of attacks on Web applications and methods for their prevention. While the paper is an overview, it puts forward several typical examples of web application vulnerabilities that are due to programming errors; these may be used by attackers to take unauthorized control over computers.

  19. The Effects of the Application of Production Information Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Dusanka Lecic; Aleksandar Kupusinac

    2014-01-01

    The authors show you in this paper definition and functions of information systems, information systems development methodologies and stages of development. Also, the authors will show the effects of the application of production information systems. Authors also include SWOT analysis in which show the influence of the external and internal environment on the implementation of IS in business.

  20. The Effects of the Application of Production Information Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dusanka Lecic

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The authors show you in this paper definition and functions of information systems, information systems development methodologies and stages of development. Also, the authors will show the effects of the application of production information systems. Authors also include SWOT analysis in which show the influence of the external and internal environment on the implementation of IS in business.

  1. Application of Open Source GIS in District Health Information Systems

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    This thesis considers issues surrounding use and development of open source geographical information systems (GIS) as a part of the district health information systems in developing countries. The base for this thesis is field work done by the two authors in three different states in India in cooperation with the Health Information System Program India. The thesis looks into the general concepts of open source and geographical information systems in the Indian context, and present a GIS appli...

  2. Simplified Information Maximization for Improving Generalization Performance in Multilayered Neural Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryotaro Kamimura

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A new type of information-theoretic method is proposed to improve prediction performance in supervised learning. The method has two main technical features. First, the complicated procedures used to increase information content are replaced by the direct use of hidden neuron outputs. Information is controlled by directly changing the outputs of the hidden neurons. In addition, to simultaneously increase information content and decrease errors between targets and outputs, the information acquisition and use phases are separated. In the information acquisition phase, the autoencoder tries to acquire as much information content on input patterns as possible. In the information use phase, information obtained in the acquisition phase is used to train supervised learning. The method is a simplified version of actual information maximization and directly deals with the outputs from neurons. The method was applied to the three data sets, namely, Iris, bankruptcy, and rebel participation data sets. Experimental results showed that the proposed simplified information acquisition method was effective in increasing the real information content. In addition, by using the information content, generalization performance was greatly improved.

  3. New Results for Generalized Gronwall Inequalities and Their Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Shi-you Lin

    2014-01-01

    In succession to our earlier work, we further provide some new generalized Gronwall inequalities and apply these inequalities to the study of qualitative estimations of solutions to certain fractional differential equations.

  4. The Applications of Generalized Computing in Decision-making

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAO Min; HUANG Yan-jun

    2001-01-01

    Knowledge is one of the most important elements in production and the first resource in enterprise. By introducing knowledge to decision making, this paper presents a kind of knowledge decisionmaking model (KDM for short) based on generalized computing.

  5. Generalized Cross Entropy Method for estimating joint distribution from incomplete information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Hai-Yan; Kuo, Shyh-Hao; Li, Guoqi; Legara, Erika Fille T.; Zhao, Daxuan; Monterola, Christopher P.

    2016-07-01

    Obtaining a full joint distribution from individual marginal distributions with incomplete information is a non-trivial task that continues to challenge researchers from various domains including economics, demography, and statistics. In this work, we develop a new methodology referred to as "Generalized Cross Entropy Method" (GCEM) that is aimed at addressing the issue. The objective function is proposed to be a weighted sum of divergences between joint distributions and various references. We show that the solution of the GCEM is unique and global optimal. Furthermore, we illustrate the applicability and validity of the method by utilizing it to recover the joint distribution of a household profile of a given administrative region. In particular, we estimate the joint distribution of the household size, household dwelling type, and household home ownership in Singapore. Results show a high-accuracy estimation of the full joint distribution of the household profile under study. Finally, the impact of constraints and weight on the estimation of joint distribution is explored.

  6. BASIC THEORY AND APPLICATIONS OF WELDING ARC SPECTRAL INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Junyue; XUE Haitao; LI Huan; SONG Yonglun

    2007-01-01

    Welding arc spectral information is a rising welding Information source. In some occasion, it can reflect many physical phenomena of welding process and solve many problems that cannot be done with arc electric information, acoustic information and other arc information. It is of important significance in developing automatic control technique of welding process and other similar process. Many years study work on welding arc spectral information of the anthor are discussed from three aspects of theory, method and application. Basic theory, view and testing methods of welding arc spectral information has been put forward. In application aspects, many applied examples, for example, monitoring of harmful gases in arc (such as hydrogen and nitrogen) with the method of welding arc spectral information; welding arc spectral imaging of thc welding pool which is used in automatic seam tracking; controlling of welding droplet transfer with welding arc spectral information and so on, are introduced. Especially, the successful application in real time controlling of welding droplet transfer in pulsed GMAW is introduced too. These application examples show that the welding arc spectral information has great applied significance and development potentialities. These content will play an important role in applying and spreading welding arc spectral information technology.

  7. Photovoltaic systems for export application. Informal report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duffy, J.; Campbell, H.; Sajo, A.; Sanz, E. [Univ. of Lowell, MA (United States)

    1988-01-31

    One approach to improving the competitiveness of photovoltaic systems is the development of designs specifically for export applications. In other words, where is it appropriate in a system design to incorporate components manufactured and/or assembled in the receiving country in order to improve the photovoltaic exports from the US? What appears to be needed is a systematic method of evaluating the potential for export from the US of PV systems for various application in different countries. Development of such a method was the goal of this project.

  8. Generalization in Qualitative IS Research - Approaches and their Application to a Case Study on SOA Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthias Goeken

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In qualitative information systems research little methodological support has been provided so far for the generalization of data. Generalizability, however, is a major concern in this field. It has been subject to a number of publications in recent years but commonly accepted frameworks of generalizability and methodological guidance are still missing. In order to address these problems, this paper investigates if and how abstraction mechanisms from the field of conceptual modeling can be used to generalize empirical data. An explorative single case study on the development of service-oriented architectures provides the raw data for an exemplary application. Abstraction mechanisms are used to generalize observations from the case study and to transform them into hypotheses. Finally, another abstraction leads to three models illustrating relationships of certain concepts and abstract categories as a major result of this case study. The paper shows that abstraction mechanisms from the field of conceptual modeling can be used for the generalization of case study data and provides guidance on how to use these mechanisms.

  9. Task Management for Soft Real-Time Applications Based on General Purpose Operating Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Pedreiras, Paulo; Almeida, Luis

    2007-01-01

    Using general purpose operating systems for soft real time applications has several advantages related with low costs and the abundance of device drivers and software tools. However, such applications still require adequate timing services, for process activation and synchronization.

  10. Satellite information for wind energy applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, M.; Astrup, Poul; Hasager, Charlotte Bay;

    2004-01-01

    data as similar as possible to mast observations.Maximum-likelihood fitting is used to calculate the Weibull A and k parameters from the constrained data set. Satellite SAR wind maps cover the coastal zone from 3 km and offshore with very detailed information of 400 m by 400 m grid resolution...... in WASP combined with topography and roughness information to assess the coastal wind power potential. Scatterometer wind data are observed ~ twice per day, whereas SAR only are obtained 3 to 8 timesmonthly. The relatively low number of samples and the absolute uncertainty within the maps, ~ 1.3 ms-1...

  11. Implementation of a General Web Application Program Interface for Geoinformatics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Pytel

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available C++ language was used for creating web applications at the department of Mapping and Cartography for many years. Plenty of projects started to be very large-scale and complicated to maintain. Consequently, the traditional way of adding functionality to a Web Server which previously has been used (CGI programs started being usefulness. I was looking for some solutions - particularly open source ones. I have tried many languages (solutions and finally I chose the Java language and started writing servlets. Using the Java language (servlets has significantly simplified the development of web applications. As a result, developing cycle was cut down. Because of Java JNI (Java Native Interface it is still possible to use C++ libraries which we are using. The main goal of this article is to share my practical experiences with rewriting typical CGI web application and creating complex geoinformatic web application.

  12. Generalized Einstein Tensor for a Weyl Manifold and Its Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Abdülkadir (O)ZDE(G)ER

    2013-01-01

    It is well known that the Einstein tensor G for a Piemannian manifold defined by Gβα =Rβα-1/2Rδα,Rβα =gβγRγα where Rγα and R are respectively the Ricci tensor and the scalar curvature of the manifold,plays an important part in Einstein's theory of gravitation as well as in proving some theorems in Riemannian geometry.In this work,we first obtain the generalized Einstein tensor for a Weyl manifold.Then,after studying some properties of generalized Einstein tensor,we prove that the conformed invariance of the generalized Einstein tensor implies the conformed invariance of the curvature tensor of the Weyl manifold and conversely.Moreover,we show that such Weyl manifolds admit a one-parameter family of hypersurfaces the orthogoned trajectories of which are geodesics.Finally,a necessary and sufficient condition in order that the generalized circles of a Weyl manifold be preserved by a conformal mapping is stated in terms of generalized Einstein tensors at corresponding points.

  13. 40 CFR 600.401-77 - General applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Regulations for 1977 and Later Model Year Automobiles-Dealer Availability of Fuel Economy Information § 600.401-77...

  14. 22 CFR 125.4 - Exemptions of general applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Methodology, such as: The underlying engineering methods and design philosophy utilized (i.e., the “why” or... level of defense service or information involving launch activities including the integration of...

  15. Antibiotic information application offers nurses quick support

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wentzel, Jobke; Drie-Pierik, Regine; Nijdam, Lars; Geesing, Jos; Sanderman, Robbert; Gemert-Pijnen, van Julia E.W.C.

    2016-01-01

    Background Nurses can be crucial contributors to antibiotic stewardship programs (ASPs), interventions aimed at improving antibiotic use, but nurse empowerment in ASPs adds to their job complexity. Nurses work in complex settings with high cognitive loads, which ask for easily accessible information

  16. International conference on Information Engineering and Applications (IEA) 2012

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    Information engineering and applications is the field of study concerned with constructing information computing, intelligent systems, mathematical models, numerical solution techniques, and using computers and other electronic devices to analyze and solve natural scientific, social scientific and engineering problems.   Information engineering is an important underpinning for techniques used in information and computational science and there are many unresolved problems worth studying. The Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Information Engineering and Applications (IEA 2012), which was held in Chongqing, China, from October 26-28, 2012, discusses the most innovative research and developments including technical challenges and social, legal, political, and economic issues.   A forum for engineers and scientists in academia, industry, and government, the Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Information Engineering and Applications presents ideas, results, works in progress, and ...

  17. APPLICATIONS OF STAIR MATRICES AND THEIR GENERALIZATIONS TO ITERATIVE METHODS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHAO Xin-hui; SHEN Hai-long; LI Chang-jun

    2006-01-01

    Stair matrices and their generalizations are introduced. The definitions and some properties of the matrices were first given by Lu Hao. This class of matrices provide bases of matrix splittings for iterative methods. The remarkable feature of iterative methods based on the new class of matrices is that the methods are easily implemented for parallel computation. In particular, a generalization of the accelerated overrelaxation method (GAOR) is introduced. Some theories of the AOR method are extended to the generalized method to include a wide class of matrices. The convergence of the new method is derived for Hermitian positive definite matrices. Finally, some examples are given in order to show the superiority of the new method.

  18. The impact of disease adaptation information on general population values for rheumatoid arthritis states

    OpenAIRE

    McTaggart Cowan, H.M.; Tsuchiya, A.; O'Cathain, A; Brazier, J. E.

    2010-01-01

    Economic evaluation of healthcare technologies uses values for hypothetical health states elicited from the general population rather than patients. However, they may not consider adaptation. This study explored the extent to which the general population changes their initial values, and the factors that influenced this change, after being informed about adaptation. Three rheumatoid arthritis (RA) states were used for illustration. Two respondent groups were interviewed. The Initially Uninfor...

  19. Geometric structure of generalized controlled Hamiltonian systems and its application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程代展; 席在荣; 卢强; 梅生伟

    2000-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to provide a systematic geometric frame for generalized controlled Hamiltonian systems. The pseudo-Poisson manifold and the co-manifold are proposed as the statespace of the generalized controlled Hamiltonian systems. A Lie group, called N-group, and its Lie algebra, called N-algebra, are introduced for the structure analysis of the systems. Some properties, including spectrum, structure-preservation, etc. are investigated. As an example the theoretical results are applied to power systems. The stabilization of excitation systems is investigated.

  20. An Application of General System Theory (GST) to Group Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Charles O.

    1992-01-01

    Demonstrates the compatibility of General System Theory (GST) with the traditional counseling literature in explicating a therapy group's progression through Tuckman's (1965, 1977) developmental stages (forming, storming, norming, performing, and adjourning). Description uses both traditional group literature and GST concepts. (Author/NB)

  1. On the Generalized Brownian Motion and its Applications in Finance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høg, Esben; Frederiksen, Per; Schiemert, Daniel

    This paper deals with dynamic term structure models (DTSMs) and proposes a new way to handle the limitation of the classical affine models. In particular, the paper expands the exibility of the DTSMs by applying generalized Brownian motions with dependent increments as the governing force of the ...

  2. Generalized Maximum Entropy Estimation of Discrete Sequential Move Games of Perfect Information

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Yafeng; Graham, Brett

    2013-01-01

    We propose a data-constrained generalized maximum entropy (GME) estimator for discrete sequential move games of perfect information which can be easily implemented on optimization software with high-level interfaces such as GAMS. Unlike most other work on the estimation of complete information games, the method we proposed is data constrained and does not require simulation and normal distribution of random preference shocks. We formulate the GME estimation as a (convex) mixed-integer nonline...

  3. Labour standards application in the informal economy of Ghana: The patterns and pressures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akorsu Angela D.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In spite of the rapid growth and importance of informal employment in Ghana, few studies have investigated the extent of coverage of labour standards application, as a form of labour market regulation. This paper investigates the extent of labour standards application in shaping the employment relations and conditions within the informal economy. The study focuses on 30 manufacturing firms in Ghana’s informal economy. Data were obtained through interviews with 43 entrepreneurs and their workers, as well as with key informants from the social partners of industrial relations. The study shows that labour standards are generally not applied among informal economy operators due to factors such as a lack of coverage of the existing labour legislation, ineffective enforcement, ignorance, peculiarities of work organisation, and the dynamics of the apprenticeship system. It is therefore concluded that informal economy workers, who constitute the majority of the workforce in Ghana, lack social protection and must be targeted for intervention.

  4. Information technologies and the possibilities of their application in educational process at secondary training school

    OpenAIRE

    PILEČKOVÁ, Michaela

    2013-01-01

    The Bachelor work "Information technologies and the possibilities of their application in educational process at secondary training school" describes teaching methods and teaching aids in education. The theoretical part deals with general definitions and characteristics of teaching methods, especially the ones which specialize in audio-visual and computer technologies. The practical part is directly implemented in the theoretical one with particular application of teaching aids in educational...

  5. Generalization of Bombieri’s theorem and its applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林家发; 展涛

    1995-01-01

    By using the so-called Hooley-Huxley Contour and zero density estimates for Dirichlet L-function, Bombieri’s theorem is established for a class of arithmetic functions whose generating functions satisfy certain analytic conditions. As applications of our theorem, the mean value estimates of L-functions and the distribution of integers representable as sums of two squares are discussed.

  6. The general application of irradiation technology in quarantine treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The applications that necessity of irradiation used for quarantine treatment, the principle and effect on insecticidal action and sterilization, the influence of irradiation to product quality, the economic feasibility of the irradiation and so on, were introduced in this article. And several suggestions were proposed that energetically apply irradiation as a quarantine treatment method in our country. (authors)

  7. Information Optics and Photonics Algorithms, Systems, and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Javidi, Bahram

    2010-01-01

    This book addresses applications, recent advances, and emerging areas in fields with applications in information optics and photonics systems. The objective of this book is to illustrate and discuss novel approaches, analytical techniques, models, and technologies that enhance sensing, measurement, processing, interpretation, and visualization of information using free space optics and photonics. The material in this book concentrates on integration of diverse fields for cross-disciplinary applications including bio-photonics, digitally enhanced sensing and imaging systems, multi-dimensional optical imaging and image processing, bio-inspired imaging, 3D visualization, 3D displays, imaging on the nano-scale, quantum optics, super resolution imaging, photonics for biological applications, and holographic information systems. As a result, this book is a useful resource for researchers, engineers, and graduate students who work in the diverse fields comprising information optics and photonics.

  8. NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Paper 24: A general approach to measuring the value of aerospace information products and services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinberg, Herbert R.; Pinelli, Thomas E.

    1993-01-01

    This paper discusses the various approaches to measuring the value of information, first defining the meanings of information, economics of information, and value. It concludes that no general model of measuring the value of information is possible and that the usual approaches, such as cost/benefit equations, have very limited applications. It also concludes that in specific contexts with given goals for newly developed products and services or newly acquired information there is a basis for its objective valuation. The axioms and inputs for such a model are described and directions for further verification and analysis are proposed.

  9. NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. XXIV - A general approach to measuring the value of aerospace information products and services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinberg, Herbert R.; Pinelli, Thomas E.

    1993-01-01

    This paper discusses the various approaches to measuring the value of information, first defining the meanings of information, economics of information, and value. It concludes that no general model of measuring the value of information is possible and that the usual approaches, such as cost/benefit equations, have very limited applications. It also concludes that in specific contexts with given goals for newly developed products and services or newly acquired information, there is a basis for its objective valuation. The axioms and inputs for such a model are described and directions for further verification and analysis are proposed.

  10. Hyperbolicity of physical theories with application to general relativity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilditch, David; Richter, Ronny

    2016-08-01

    We consider gauge theories from the free evolution point of view, in which initial data satisfying constraints of a theory are given, and because the constraints satisfy a closed evolution system, they remain so. We study a model constrained Hamiltonian theory and identify a particular structure in the equations of motion which we call the standard gauge freedom. The pure gauge subsystem of this model theory is identified, and the manner in which the gauge variables couple to the field equations is presented. We demonstrate that the set of gauge choices that can be coupled to the field equations to obtain a strongly hyperbolic formulation is exactly the set of strongly hyperbolic pure gauges. Consequently we analyze a parametrized family of formulations of general relativity. The generalization of the harmonic gauge formulation to a five parameter family of gauge conditions is obtained.

  11. General Relativistic Radiative Transfer: Applications to Black-Hole Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Kinwah; Fuerst, Steven V.; Mizuno, Yosuke; Nishikawa, Ken-Ichi; Branduardi-Raymont, Graziella; Lee, Khee-Gan

    2007-01-01

    We present general relativistic radiation transfer formulations which include opacity effects due to absorption, emission and scattering explicitly. We consider a moment expansions for the transfer in the presence of scattering. The formulation is applied to calculation emissions from accretion and outflows in black-hole systems. Cases with thin accretion disks and accretion tori are considered. Effects, such as emission anisotropy, non-stationary flows and geometrical self-occultation are investigated. Polarisation transfer in curved space-time is discussed qualitatively.

  12. Generalized Obata theorem and its applications on foliations

    CERN Document Server

    Jung, Seoung Dal; Richardson, Ken

    2009-01-01

    We prove the generalized Obata theorem on foliations. Let M be a complete Riemannian manifold with a foliation F of codimension $q>1$ and a bundle-like metric. Then $(M, F)$ is transversally isometric to the q-sphere of radius 1/c in (q+1)-dimensional Euclidean space endowed with the action of a discrete subgroup of the orthogonal group O(q), if and only if there exists a non-constant basic function f such that $\

  13. Zero inflated negative binomial-generalized exponential distributionand its applications

    OpenAIRE

    Sirinapa Aryuyuen; Winai Bodhisuwan; Thidaporn Supapakorn

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a new zero inflated distribution, namely, the zero inflated negative binomial-generalized exponential (ZINB-GE) distribution. The new distribution is used for count data with extra zeros and is an alternative for data analysis with over-dispersed count data. Some characteristics of the distribution are given, such as mean, variance, skewness, and kurtosis. Parameter estimation of the ZINB-GE distribution uses maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) method. Simul...

  14. GANDALF - a generally applicable numerical data aquisition laboratory facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report contains a description of an interactive computer program, GANDALF, for general purpose data handling. GANDALF is designed for different types of data input, it has flexible data processing possibilities, and it can produce various kinds of data output. The program is written for an HP-9825 desk-top computer in HPL-language. However, the fundamental program structure can also be applied to other computer systems with other computer languages. (author)

  15. GANDALF - A Generally Applicable Numerical Data Acquisition Laboratory Facility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lynov, Jens-Peter; Michelsen, Poul

    This report contains a description of an interactive computer program, GANDALF, for general purpose data handling. GANDALF is designed for different types of data input, it has flexible data processing possibilities, and it can produce various kinds of data output. The program is written for an H......-9825 desk-top computer in HPL-language. However, the fundamental program structure can also be applied to other computer systems with other computer languages....

  16. General Aviation Pilots' Perceived Usage and Valuation of Aviation Weather Information Sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latorella, Kara; Lane, Suzanne; Garland, Daniel

    2002-01-01

    Aviation suffers many accidents due to the lack of good weather information in flight. Existing aviation weather information is difficult to obtain when it is most needed and is not well formatted for in-flight use. Because it is generally presented aurally, aviation weather information is difficult to integrate with spatial flight information and retain for reference. Efforts, by NASA's Aviation Weather Information (AWIN) team and others, to improve weather information accessibility, usability and decision aiding will enhance General Aviation (GA) pilots' weather situation awareness and decision-making and therefore should improve the safety of GA flight. Consideration of pilots' economic concerns will ensure that in-flight weather information systems are financially accessible to GA pilots as well. The purpose of this survey was to describe how aviation operator communities gather and use weather information as well as how weather related decisions are made between flight crews and supporting personnel. Pilots of small GA aircraft experience the most weather-related accidents as well as the most fatal weather related accident. For this reason, the survey design and advertisement focused on encouraging participation from GA pilots. Perhaps as a result of this emphasis, most responses, 97 responses or 85% of the entire response set, were from GA pilots, This paper presents only analysis of these GA pilots' responses. The insights provided by this survey regarding GA pilots' perceived value and usage of current aviation weather information. services, and products provide a basis for technological approaches to improve GA safety. Results of this survey are discussed in the context of survey limitations and prior work, and serve as the foundation for a model of weather information value, guidance for the design of in-flight weather information systems, and definition of further research toward their development.

  17. ISSUES OF INFORMING THE GENERAL PUBLIC ABOUT CONSEQUENCES OF PEACEFUL NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. V. Arkhangelskaya

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper provides the results of a study of the local public attitude to the problem of peaceful nuclear explosions (PNE which were carried out in the Ivanovo, Murmansk and Perm regions and in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia in the last century. An estimate of the mass media information regarding consequences of the PNEs is given. The study shows that the local citizens are ready to deal with reliable sources of objective information about consequences of the PNEs. The recommendations on information of the general public about PNE are presented.

  18. Web-Based Information Systems and Applications:A Survey

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Bao-wen; XU Lei; MENG Xiao-feng; YU Ge; LU Zheng-ding; HE Yan-xiang; SHEN Jun-yi

    2004-01-01

    @@ 0 Introduction World Wide Web (WWW) has given rise to phenomenal growth in Web information systems and applications. And the Internet transcends national and geographical boundaries and has brought about unprecedented opportunities for software deployment to satisfy the application needs of all walks of life. Since the Web provides cross-platform universal access to resources for the massive user population, even greater demand is proposed to manage data and information effectively.

  19. "Cascades, Torrents & Drowning" in Information: Seeking Help in the Contemporary General Practitioner Practice in the UK

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holley, Debbie; Santos, Patricia; Cook, John; Kerr, Micky

    2016-01-01

    This paper responds to the Alpine Rendez-Vous "crisis" in technology-enhanced learning. It takes a contested area of policy as well as a rapid change in the National Health Service, and documents the responses to "information overload" by a group of general practitioners practices in the North of England. Located between the…

  20. 78 FR 77557 - Releasing Information; General Provisions; Accounting and Reporting Requirements; Reports of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-24

    ...; 12 U.S.C. 1821(t); 52 FR 10012; E.O. 12600; 52 FR 23781, 3 CFR 1987, p. 235. 0 2. Section 602.2 is..., 618, and 621 RIN 3052-AC76 Releasing Information; General Provisions; Accounting and Reporting... areas, Technical assistance. 12 CFR Part 621 Accounting, Agriculture, Banks, banking,...

  1. 78 FR 48632 - Releasing Information; General Provisions; Accounting and Reporting Requirements; Reports of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-09

    ... FR 10012; E.O. 12600; 52 FR 23781, 3 CFR 1987, p. 235. 0 2. Section 602.2 is amended by: 0 a... 12 CFR Parts 602, 618 and 621 RIN 3052-AC76 Releasing Information; General Provisions; Accounting and.... 12 CFR Part 621 Accounting, Agriculture, Banks, banking, Penalties, Reporting and...

  2. The Mangroves of Kenya: general information. Compiled for Netherlands Wetlands Conservation and Training Programme, 1996.

    OpenAIRE

    Martens, Els

    1996-01-01

    The report contains general information on mangroves in Kenya with the following main topics: Mangrove ecology, Mangrove distribution, Mangrove vegetation, Mangrove associated flora, Mangrove fauna, Values and utilization, threats. Interactions between mangroves, seagrasses & coral reefs. Main problems related to mangrove management and Conservation. Managing mangroves to insure their survival.

  3. 77 FR 17481 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Identification of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-26

    ... accurate and based on valid assumptions and methodology; and ways to enhance the quality, utility, and.... Responses per Respondent: 1. Annual Responses: 9,000. Hours per Response: 3. Total Burden Hours: 27,000... ADMINISTRATION General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Identification...

  4. Promoting Generalization of Mands for Information Used by Young Children with Autism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betz, Alison M.; Higbee, Thomas S.; Pollard, Joy S.

    2010-01-01

    We investigated the extent to which mands for information taught using structured teaching trials (i.e., verbal discriminative stimulus, verbal prompts, and programmed consequences) while contriving the establishing operations to young children with autism generalized to novel stimuli and settings. Three students with autism participated in this…

  5. 15 CFR 30.2 - General requirements for filing Electronic Export Information (EEI).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false General requirements for filing Electronic Export Information (EEI). 30.2 Section 30.2 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to... Defense Trade Controls (DDTC) license under the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) (22...

  6. 22 CFR 1101.3 - General policy: Collection and use of personal information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... STATES AND MEXICO, UNITED STATES SECTION PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1101.3 General policy: Collection and use... ensure that no system of records concerning individuals, no matter how small or specialized, is... effects, both legal and practical, of not furnishing the information; (5) Neither collect, maintain,...

  7. A general information theoretical proof for the second law of thermodynamics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG QiRen

    2008-01-01

    It is shown that the conservation and the non-additivity of the information, together with the additivity of the entropy, make the entropy increase in an isolated system.The collapse of the entangled quantum state offers an example of the information non-additivity. Nevertheless, the non-additivity of information is also true in other fields in which the interaction information is important. Examples are classical statistical mechanics, social statistics and financial processes. The second law of thermodynamics is thus proven in its most general form. It is exactly true not only in quantum and classical physics but also in other processes in which the information is conservative and non-additive.

  8. A general information theoretical proof for the second law of thermodynamics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    It is shown that the conservation and the non-additivity of the information, together with the additivity of the entropy, make the entropy increase in an isolated system. The collapse of the entangled quantum state offers an example of the information non-additivity. Nevertheless, the non-additivity of information is also true in other fields in which the interaction information is important. Examples are classical statistical mechanics, social statistics and financial processes. The second law of thermodynamics is thus proven in its most general form. It is exactly true not only in quantum and classical physics but also in other processes in which the information is conservative and non-additive.

  9. Project Integration Architecture: Inter-Application Propagation of Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, William Henry

    2005-01-01

    A principal goal of the Project Integration Architecture (PIA) is to facilitate the meaningful inter-application transfer of application-value-added information. Such exchanging applications may be largely unrelated to each other except through their applicability to an overall project; however, the PIA effort recognizes as fundamental the need to make such applications cooperate despite wide disparaties either in the fidelity of the analyses carried out, or even the disciplines of the analysis. This paper discusses the approach and techniques applied and anticipated by the PIA project in treating this need.

  10. Advances in Information Technology and Industry Applications

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    With success of ICEEE 2010 in Wuhan, China, and December 4 to 5, 2010, the second International Conference of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (ICEEE 2011) will be held in Macau, China, and December 1 to 2, 2011. ICEEE is an annual conference to call together researchers, engineers, academicians as well as industrial professionals from all over the world to present their research results and development activities in Electrical and Electronics Engineering along with Computer Science and Technology, Communication Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Information Technology, etc.   This year ICEEE is sponsored by International Industrial Electronics Center, Hong Kong. And based on the deserved reputation, more than 750 papers have been submitted to ICEEE 2011, from which about 94 high quality original papers have been selected for the conference presentation and inclusion in the “Advanced Computer, Communication, and Control” book based on the referees’ comments from peer-refereed. All the papers wi...

  11. Bayesian information fusion networks for biosurveillance applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mnatsakanyan, Zaruhi R; Burkom, Howard S; Coberly, Jacqueline S; Lombardo, Joseph S

    2009-01-01

    This study introduces new information fusion algorithms to enhance disease surveillance systems with Bayesian decision support capabilities. A detection system was built and tested using chief complaints from emergency department visits, International Classification of Diseases Revision 9 (ICD-9) codes from records of outpatient visits to civilian and military facilities, and influenza surveillance data from health departments in the National Capital Region (NCR). Data anomalies were identified and distribution of time offsets between events in the multiple data streams were established. The Bayesian Network was built to fuse data from multiple sources and identify influenza-like epidemiologically relevant events. Results showed increased specificity compared with the alerts generated by temporal anomaly detection algorithms currently deployed by NCR health departments. Further research should be done to investigate correlations between data sources for efficient fusion of the collected data.

  12. Generalized Nonlinear Irreducible Auto-Correlation and Its Applications in Nonlinear Prediction Models Identification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HOU Yuexian; HE Pilian

    2005-01-01

    There is still an obstacle to prevent neural network from wider and more effective applications, i.e., the lack of effective theories of models identification. Based on information theory and its generalization, this paper introduces a universal method to achieve nonlinear models identification. Two key quantities, which are called nonlinear irreducible auto-correlation (NIAC) and generalized nonlinear irreducible auto-correlation (GNIAC), are defined and discussed. NIAC and GNIAC correspond with intrinstic irreducible auto-dependency (IAD) and generalized irreducible auto-dependency (GIAD) of time series respectively. By investigating the evolving trend of NIAC and GNIAC, the optimal auto-regressive order of nonlinear auto-regressive models could be determined naturally. Subsequently, an efficient algorithm computing NIAC and GNIAC is discussed. Experiments on simulating data sets and typical nonlinear prediction models indicate remarkable correlation between optimal auto-regressive order and the highest order that NIAC-GNIAC have a remarkable non-zero value, therefore demonstrate the validity of the proposal in this paper.

  13. Generalized shrunken type-GM estimator and its application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, C. Z.; Du, Y. L.

    2014-03-01

    The parameter estimation problem in linear model is considered when multicollinearity and outliers exist simultaneously. A class of new robust biased estimator, Generalized Shrunken Type-GM Estimation, with their calculated methods are established by combination of GM estimator and biased estimator include Ridge estimate, Principal components estimate and Liu estimate and so on. A numerical example shows that the most attractive advantage of these new estimators is that they can not only overcome the multicollinearity of coefficient matrix and outliers but also have the ability to control the influence of leverage points.

  14. Generalized Bogoliubov Transformation for Confined Fields Applications in Casimir Effect

    CERN Document Server

    Silva, J C; Neto, A M; Santana, A E

    2002-01-01

    The Bogoliubov transformation in thermofield dynamics, an operator formalism for the finite-temperature quantum-field theory, is generalized to describe a field in arbitrary confined regions of space and time. Starting with the scalar field, the approach is extended to the electromagnetic field and the energy-momentum tensor is written via the Bogoliubov transformation. In this context, the Casimir effect is calculated for zero and non-zero temperature, and therefore it can be considered as a vacuum condensation effect of the electromagnetic field. This aspect opens an interesting perspective for using this procedure as an effective scheme for calculations in the studies of confined fields, including the interacting fields.

  15. Vibrational mechanics nonlinear dynamic effects, general approach, applications

    CERN Document Server

    Blekhman, Iliya I

    2000-01-01

    This important book deals with vibrational mechanics - the new, intensively developing section of nonlinear dynamics and the theory of nonlinear oscillations. It offers a general approach to the study of the effect of vibration on nonlinear mechanical systems.The book presents the mathematical apparatus of vibrational mechanics which is used to describe such nonlinear effects as the disappearance and appearance under vibration of stable positions of equilibrium and motions (i.e. attractors), the change of the rheological properties of the media, self-synchronization, self-balancing, the vibrat

  16. On the General Taylor Theorem and its Applications in Solving Non—linear Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ShiJunLIAO

    1997-01-01

    In this paper,we propose a general Taylor series and prove a general Taylor theorem and then simply give some applications of it in solving non-linear differential equations.The general Taylor series is a family of power series which contains the classical Taylor series in logic.Moreover,it can be valid in much larger regions.

  17. Application of geo-information science methods in ecotourism exploitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Suocheng; Hou, Xiaoli

    2004-11-01

    Application of geo-information science methods in ecotourism development was discussed in the article. Since 1990s, geo-information science methods, which take the 3S (Geographic Information System, Global Positioning System, and Remote Sensing) as core techniques, has played an important role in resources reconnaissance, data management, environment monitoring, and regional planning. Geo-information science methods can easily analyze and convert geographic spatial data. The application of 3S methods is helpful to sustainable development in tourism. Various assignments are involved in the development of ecotourism, such as reconnaissance of ecotourism resources, drawing of tourism maps, dealing with mass data, and also tourism information inquire, employee management, quality management of products. The utilization of geo-information methods in ecotourism can make the development more efficient by promoting the sustainable development of tourism and the protection of eco-environment.

  18. General Situation on Clinical Application of Dragon-Tiger Fighting Needling Technique in the Recent Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何龙; 袁宜勤; 钟耀东; 何贤发; 黄国琪

    2008-01-01

    @@ Depending upon the descriptions of the ancient literature, such as Jin Zhen Fu (Odes to Golden Needles, ), the dragon-tiger fighting needling technique has the effects to dredge the meridians, circulate qi, activate blood, stop and remove pain. "Dragon" implies to twist the needle leftward for reinforcing, and "tiger" means to twist the needle rightward for reducing. To twist the needle leftward and rightward alternately is termed "fighting". After the arrival of the needling sensation by inserting the needle to the proper depth, the needle is first twisted leftward with the thumb forward in a method of nine yang numbers, and then twisted backward and rightward with the thumb backward in a method of six yin numbers, in alternation of reinforcing and reducing repeatedly. Therefore, the general information on clinical application of dragon-tiger fighting needling technique in the recent sixteen years is given in the following.

  19. The Generalized Quasilinear Approximation: Application to Zonal Jets

    CERN Document Server

    Marston, J B; Tobias, S M

    2016-01-01

    Quasilinear theory is often utilized to approximate the dynamics of fluids exhibiting significant interactions between mean flows and eddies. In this paper we present a generalization of quasilinear theory to include dynamic mode interactions on the large scales. This generalized quasilinear (GQL) approximation is achieved by separating the state variables into large and small zonal scales via a spectral filter rather than by a decomposition into a formal mean and fluctuations. Nonlinear interactions involving only small zonal scales are then removed. The approximation is conservative and allows for scattering of energy between small-scale modes via the large scale (through non-local spectral interactions). We evaluate GQL for the paradigmatic problems of the driving of large-scale jets on a spherical surface and on the beta-plane and show that it is accurate even for a small number of large-scale modes. As this approximation is formally linear in the small zonal scales it allows for the closure of the system...

  20. Signature Generation for Sensitive Information Leakage in Android Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Kuzuno, Hiroki; Tonami, Satoshi

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, there has been rapid growth in mobile devices such as smartphones, and a number of applications are developed specifically for the smartphone market. In particular, there are many applications that are ``free'' to the user, but depend on advertisement services for their revenue. Such applications include an advertisement module - a library provided by the advertisement service - that can collect a user's sensitive information and transmit it across the network. Users accept t...

  1. Development of a Mobile Application for Disaster Information and Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stollberg, B.

    2012-04-01

    The Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission (EC) started exploring current technology and internet trends in order to answer the question if post-disaster situation awareness can be improved by community involvement. An exploratory research project revolves around the development of an iPhone App to provide users with real-time information about disasters and give them the possibility to send information in the form of a geo-located image and/or text back. Targeted users include professional emergency responders of the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS), as well as general users affected by disasters. GDACS provides global multi-hazard disaster monitoring and alerting for earthquakes, tsunamis, tropical cyclones, floods and volcanoes. It serves to consolidate and improve the dissemination of disaster-related information, in order to improve the coordination of international relief efforts. The goal of the exploratory research project is to extract and feedback useful information from reports shared by the community for improving situation awareness and providing ground truth for rapid satellite-based mapping. From a technological point of view, JRC is focusing on interoperability of field reporting software and is working with several organizations to develop standards and reference implementations of an interoperable mobile information platform. The iPhone App developed by JRC provides on one hand information about GDACS alerts and on the other hand the possibility for the users to send reports about a selected disaster back to JRC. iPhones are equipped with a camera and (apart from the very first model) a GPS receiver. This offers the possibility to transmit pictures and also the location for every sent report. A test has shown that the accuracy of the location can be expected to be in the range of 50 meters (iPhone 3GS) and respectively 5 meters (iPhone 4). For this reason pictures sent by the new iPhone generation can be very

  2. Generalisation of geographic information cartographic modelling and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Mackaness, William A; Sarjakoski, L Tiina

    2011-01-01

    Theoretical and Applied Solutions in Multi Scale MappingUsers have come to expect instant access to up-to-date geographical information, with global coverage--presented at widely varying levels of detail, as digital and paper products; customisable data that can readily combined with other geographic information. These requirements present an immense challenge to those supporting the delivery of such services (National Mapping Agencies (NMA), Government Departments, and private business. Generalisation of Geographic Information: Cartographic Modelling and Applications provides detailed review

  3. Model Application of Accounting Information Systems of Spare Parts Sales and Purchase on Car Service Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lianawati Christian

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to analyze accounting information systems of sales and purchases of spare parts in general car service companies and to identify the problems encountered and the needs of necessary information. This research used literature study to collect data, field study with observation, and design using UML (Unified Modeling Language with activity diagrams, class diagrams, use case diagrams, database design, form design, display design, draft reports. The result achieved is an application model of accounting information systems of sales and purchases of spare parts in general car service companies. As a conclusion, the accounting information systems of sales and purchases provides ease for management to obtain information quickly and easily as well as the presentation of reports quickly and accurately.

  4. A Survey of Web Information System and Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN Yanbo; LI Juanzi; YANG Nan; LIU Qing; XU Baowen; MENG Xiaofeng

    2007-01-01

    The fourth international conference on Web information systems and applications (WISA 2007) has received 409 submissions and has accepted 37 papers for publication in this issue.The papers cover broad research areas, including Web mining and data warehouse, Deep Web and Web integration, P2P networks,text processing and information retrieval, as well as Web Services and Web infrastructure. After briefly introducing the WISA conference, the survey outlines the current activities and future trends concerning Web information systems and applications based on the papers accepted for publication.

  5. Zero inflated negative binomial-generalized exponential distributionand its applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sirinapa Aryuyuen

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we propose a new zero inflated distribution, namely, the zero inflated negative binomial-generalized exponential (ZINB-GE distribution. The new distribution is used for count data with extra zeros and is an alternative for data analysis with over-dispersed count data. Some characteristics of the distribution are given, such as mean, variance, skewness, and kurtosis. Parameter estimation of the ZINB-GE distribution uses maximum likelihood estimation (MLE method. Simulated and observed data are employed to examine this distribution. The results show that the MLE method seems to have high efficiency for large sample sizes. Moreover, the mean square error of parameter estimation is increased when the zero proportion is higher. For the real data sets, this new zero inflated distribution provides a better fit than the zero inflated Poisson and zero inflated negative binomial distributions.

  6. On the application of truncated generalized Fokker-Planck equations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Pawula theorem states that the generalized Fokker-Planck equation with finite derivatives greater than two leads to a contradiction to the positivity of the distribution function. Though negative values are inconsistent from a logical point of view, we show that such 'distribution functions' with negative values can be very useful from a practical point of view. For a Poisson-process, where the exact solution is known, we compare the solution of the second order Fokker-Planck equation to the solutions of Fokker-Planck equations of finite order. It turns out that for certain parameters the approximations of the distribution function and the moments are much better for some higher order and that the magnitude of negative values may be very small in the relevant region of variables. (orig.)

  7. Satellite Application for Disaster Management Information Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okpanachi, George

    Abstract Satellites are becoming increasingly vital to modern day disaster management activities. Earth observation (EO) satellites provide images at various wavelengths that assist rapid-mapping in all phases of the disaster management cycle: mitigation of potential risks in a given area, preparedness for eventual disasters, immediate response to a disaster event, and the recovery/reconstruction efforts follo wing it. Global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) such as the Global Positioning System (GPS) assist all the phases by providing precise location and navigation data, helping manage land and infrastructures, and aiding rescue crews coordinate their search efforts. Effective disaster management is a complex problem, because it involves many parameters, which are usually not easy to measure and even identify: Analysis of current situation, planning, optimum resource management, coordination, controlling and monitoring current activities and making quick and correct decisions are only some of these parameters, whose complete list is very long. Disaster management information systems (DMIS) assist disaster management to analyse the situation better, make decisions and suggest further actions following the emergency plans. This requires not only fast and thorough processing and optimization abilities, but also real-time data provided to the DMIS. The need of DMIS for disaster’s real-time data can be satisfied by small satellites data utilization. Small satellites can provide up-to-data, plus a better media to transfer data. This paper suggests a rationale and a framework for utilization of small Satellite data by DMIS. DMIS should be used ‘’before’’, ‘’during’’ and ‘’after’’ the disasters. Data provided by the Small Satellites are almost crucial in any period of the disasters, because early warning can save lives, and satellite data may help to identify disasters before they occur. The paper also presents’ ‘when’’,

  8. Technology and Its Application:MIS with Geographical Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Despite the constant expansion of the application of GIS, in recent years, the data processing ability of the application system developed with GIS_Tool is quite limited. Management information system with the geographical information can not only be used to deal with data commonly, but also deal with digitized maps as GIS_Tool does. Thus it can help the user develop an application system high-qualified both in maps and traditional data. This paper, by taking the method of integrated MapInfo in the application of Visual Basic as an example, mainly illustrates two technological problems-integrated map technology and the multiuserization of Maplnfo geographical information. And also the concrete solutions to the problems are provided.

  9. Application of expert system in library and information science: a review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study seeks to provide an overview of the current state of development in the application of expert system in technology in the field of library and information science. The study starts briefly looking into the capabilities of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in general and then its relevance to LIS (Library Information System) work. A basic introduction to expert system technology and outgrowth of AI research is given. The major components of a generalized expert system are discussed in some detail, and the ways in which system development can be approached are looked at. The main area of expert system applications in library and information science are discussed, looking at cataloguing, classification, reference work and library management etc. (author)

  10. Mixed Generalized Multiscale Finite Element Methods and Applications

    KAUST Repository

    Chung, Eric T.

    2015-03-03

    In this paper, we present a mixed generalized multiscale finite element method (GMsFEM) for solving flow in heterogeneous media. Our approach constructs multiscale basis functions following a GMsFEM framework and couples these basis functions using a mixed finite element method, which allows us to obtain a mass conservative velocity field. To construct multiscale basis functions for each coarse edge, we design a snapshot space that consists of fine-scale velocity fields supported in a union of two coarse regions that share the common interface. The snapshot vectors have zero Neumann boundary conditions on the outer boundaries, and we prescribe their values on the common interface. We describe several spectral decompositions in the snapshot space motivated by the analysis. In the paper, we also study oversampling approaches that enhance the accuracy of mixed GMsFEM. A main idea of oversampling techniques is to introduce a small dimensional snapshot space. We present numerical results for two-phase flow and transport, without updating basis functions in time. Our numerical results show that one can achieve good accuracy with a few basis functions per coarse edge if one selects appropriate offline spaces. © 2015 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

  11. Information hiding in communication networks fundamentals, mechanisms, applications, and countermeasures

    CERN Document Server

    Mazurczyk, Wojciech; Zander, Sebastian; Houmansadr, Amir; Szczypiorski, Krzysztof

    2016-01-01

    Describes Information Hiding in communication networks, and highlights their important issues, challenges, trends, and applications. This book provides the fundamental concepts, terminology, and classifications of information hiding in communication networks along with its historical background. Information Hiding In Communication Networks: Fundamentals, Mechanisms, Applications, and Countermeasures begins with introducing data concealment methods and their evolution. Chapter two discusses the existing terminology and describes the model for hidden communication and related communication scenarios. Chapters three to five present the main classes of information hiding in communication networks accompanied by a discussion of their robustness and undetectability. The book concludes with a discussion of potential countermeasures against information hiding techniques, which includes different types of mechanisms for the detection, limitation and prevention of covert co munication channels.

  12. Motivations for the Adoption of Chronic Disease Information Systems in General Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Carbone

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to highlight the key motivational factors that lead to the successful implementation of Chronic Diseases Information Systems (CDISs in twenty eight general practices in a case study of a large general practice division network in Australia. The literature identified three major areas of CDIS motivation: patient care gap motivator, internal motivators and external motivators. Patient care emerged as the most important motivation for adopting CDIS, followed by risk management and financial incentives. However, the study also determined that the motivational forces are inter-related and suggests that the decision to adopt CDIS should consider a number of these identified factors.

  13. Shannon's, mutual, conditional and joint entropy information indices: generalization of global indices defined from local vertex invariants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barigye, Stephen J; Marrero-Ponce, Yovani; Santiago, Oscar Martinez; López, Yoan Martinez; Pérez-Giménez, Facundo; Torrens, Francisco

    2013-06-01

    A new mathematical approach is proposed in the definition of molecular descriptors (MDs) based on the application of information theory concepts. This approach stems from a new matrix representation of a molecular graph (G) which is derived from the generalization of an incidence matrix whose row entries correspond to connected subgraphs of a given G, and the calculation of the Shannon's entropy, the negentropy and the standardized information content, plus for the first time, the mutual, conditional and joint entropy-based MDs associated with G. We also define strategies that generalize the definition of global or local invariants from atomic contributions (local vertex invariants, LOVIs), introducing related metrics (norms), means and statistical invariants. These invariants are applied to a vector whose components express the atomic information content calculated using the Shannon's, mutual, conditional and joint entropybased atomic information indices. The novel information indices (IFIs) are implemented in the program TOMOCOMDCARDD. A principal component analysis reveals that the novel IFIs are capable of capturing structural information not codified by IFIs implemented in the software DRAGON. A comparative study of the different parameters (e.g. subgraph orders and/or types, invariants and class of MDs) used in the definition of these IFIs reveals several interesting results. The mutual entropy-based indices give the best correlation results in modeling of a physicochemical property, namely the partition coefficient of the 34 derivatives of 2-furylethylenes, among the classes of indices investigated in this study. In a comparison with classical MDs it is demonstrated that the new IFIs give good results for various QSPR models.

  14. Database and applications security integrating information security and data management

    CERN Document Server

    Thuraisingham, Bhavani

    2005-01-01

    This is the first book to provide an in-depth coverage of all the developments, issues and challenges in secure databases and applications. It provides directions for data and application security, including securing emerging applications such as bioinformatics, stream information processing and peer-to-peer computing. Divided into eight sections, each of which focuses on a key concept of secure databases and applications, this book deals with all aspects of technology, including secure relational databases, inference problems, secure object databases, secure distributed databases and emerging

  15. Bacteriocins synthesized by Bacillus thuringiensis: generalities and potential applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salazar-Marroquín, Elma Laura; Galán-Wong, Luis J.; Moreno-Medina, Víctor Ricardo; Reyes-López, Miguel Ángel; Pereyra-Alférez, Benito

    2016-01-01

    The members of the Bacillus thuringiensis group, commonly known as Bt, produce a huge number of metabolites, which show biocidal and antagonistic activity. B. thuringiensis is widely known for synthesizing Cry, Vip and Cyt proteins, active against insects and other parasporins with biocidal activity against certain types of cancerous cells. Nevertheless, B. thuringiensis also synthesizes compounds with antimicrobial activity, especially bacteriocins. Some B. thuringiensis bacteriocins resemble lantibiotics and other small linear peptides (class IIa) from the lactic acid bacteria bacteriocins classification system. Although many bacteriocins produced by Bt have been reported, there is no proper classification for them. In this work, we have grouped these based on molecular weight and functionality. Bacteriocins are small peptides synthesized by bacteria, presenting inhibitory activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and to a lesser extent against fungi. These molecules represent a good study model in the search for microbial control alternatives. Lactic acid bacteria produces a huge number of these types of molecules with great potential. Nonetheless, members of the Bacillus, cereus group, especially B. thuringiensis, emerge as an attractive alternative for obtaining bacteriocins showing novel activities. This review describes the potential applications of B. thuringiensis bacteriocins in the control of foodborne pathogens, environment and medical area. PMID:27340340

  16. Forest management applications of Landsat data in a geographic information system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maw, K. D.; Brass, J. A.

    1982-01-01

    The utility of land-cover data resulting from Landsat MSS classification can be greatly enhanced by use in combination with ancillary data. A demonstration forest management applications data base was constructed for Santa Cruz County, California, to demonstrate geographic information system applications of classified Landsat data. The data base contained detailed soils, digital terrain, land ownership, jurisdictional boundaries, fire events, and generalized land-use data, all registered to a UTM grid base. Applications models were developed from problems typical of fire management and reforestation planning.

  17. The Returns to General versus Job-Specific Skills: the Role of Information and Communication Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Simon Kirby; Rebecca Riley

    2006-01-01

    This paper examines the effect of information and communication technologies (ICT) on the return paid to two different types of skill: general skills, acquired through schooling and work experience, and job-specific skills, acquired by experience in a particular job. Using the UK Labour Force Survey we estimate skill returns in different industries over the period 1994-2001. We evaluate the marginal effect on these returns of the ICT intensity of industry capital and find that the shift towar...

  18. Falls Prevention within the Australian General Practice Data Model: Methodology, Information Model, and Terminology Issues

    OpenAIRE

    Liaw, Siaw-Teng; Sulaiman, Nabil; Pearce, Christopher; Sims, Jane; Hill, Keith; Grain, Heather; Tse, Justin; Ng, Choon-Kiat

    2003-01-01

    The iterative development of the Falls Risk Assessment and Management System (FRAMS) drew upon research evidence and early consumer and clinician input through focus groups, interviews, direct observations, and an online questionnaire. Clinical vignettes were used to validate the clinical model and program logic, input, and output. The information model was developed within the Australian General Practice Data Model (GPDM) framework. The online FRAMS implementation used available Internet (TC...

  19. NELS 2.0 - A general system for enterprise wide information management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Stephanie L.

    1993-01-01

    NELS, the NASA Electronic Library System, is an information management tool for creating distributed repositories of documents, drawings, and code for use and reuse by the aerospace community. The NELS retrieval engine can load metadata and source files of full text objects, perform natural language queries to retrieve ranked objects, and create links to connect user interfaces. For flexibility, the NELS architecture has layered interfaces between the application program and the stored library information. The session manager provides the interface functions for development of NELS applications. The data manager is an interface between session manager and the structured data system. The center of the structured data system is the Wide Area Information Server. This system architecture provides access to information across heterogeneous platforms in a distributed environment. There are presently three user interfaces that connect to the NELS engine; an X-Windows interface, and ASCII interface and the Spatial Data Management System. This paper describes the design and operation of NELS as an information management tool and repository.

  20. Information processing speed mediates the relationship between white matter and general intelligence in schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alloza, Clara; Cox, Simon R; Duff, Barbara; Semple, Scott I; Bastin, Mark E; Whalley, Heather C; Lawrie, Stephen M

    2016-08-30

    Several authors have proposed that schizophrenia is the result of impaired connectivity between specific brain regions rather than differences in local brain activity. White matter abnormalities have been suggested as the anatomical substrate for this dysconnectivity hypothesis. Information processing speed may act as a key cognitive resource facilitating higher order cognition by allowing multiple cognitive processes to be simultaneously available. However, there is a lack of established associations between these variables in schizophrenia. We hypothesised that the relationship between white matter and general intelligence would be mediated by processing speed. White matter water diffusion parameters were studied using Tract-based Spatial Statistics and computed within 46 regions-of-interest (ROI). Principal component analysis was conducted on these white matter ROI for fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity, and on neurocognitive subtests to extract general factors of white mater structure (gFA, gMD), general intelligence (g) and processing speed (gspeed). There was a positive correlation between g and gFA (r= 0.67, p =0.001) that was partially and significantly mediated by gspeed (56.22% CI: 0.10-0.62). These findings suggest a plausible model of structure-function relations in schizophrenia, whereby white matter structure may provide a neuroanatomical substrate for general intelligence, which is partly supported by speed of information processing.

  1. The application of information theory to biochemical signaling systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhee, Alex; Cheong, Raymond; Levchenko, Andre

    2012-08-01

    Cell signaling can be thought of fundamentally as an information transmission problem in which chemical messengers relay information about the external environment to the decision centers within a cell. Due to the biochemical nature of cellular signal transduction networks, molecular noise will inevitably limit the fidelity of any messages received and processed by a cell's signal transduction networks, leaving it with an imperfect impression of its environment. Fortunately, Shannon's information theory provides a mathematical framework independent of network complexity that can quantify the amount of information that can be transmitted despite biochemical noise. In particular, the channel capacity can be used to measure the maximum number of stimuli a cell can distinguish based upon the noisy responses of its signaling systems. Here, we provide a primer for quantitative biologists that covers fundamental concepts of information theory, highlights several key considerations when experimentally measuring channel capacity, and describes successful examples of the application of information theoretic analysis to biological signaling.

  2. 78 FR 66697 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Science Applications International Corporation and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-06

    ..., 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For technical information contact: Scott Sherlock, Environmental...; email address: sherlock.scott@epa.gov . For general information contact: The TSCA-Hotline,...

  3. Application of generalized Snoek's law over a finite frequency range: A case study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozanov, Konstantin N.; Koledintseva, Marina Y.

    2016-02-01

    Generalized Snoek's law proposed in an integral form by Acher and coauthors is a useful tool for investigation of high-frequency properties of magnetic materials. This integral law referred to as Acher's law allows for evaluating the ultimate performance of RF and microwave devices which employ magnetic materials. It may also be helpful in obtaining useful information on the structure and morphology of the materials. The key factor in practical application of Acher's law is an opportunity to employ either measured or calculated data available over a finite frequency range. The paper uses simple calculations to check the applicability of Acher's law in cases when the frequency range is limited and the magnetic loss peak is comparatively wide and has a distorted shape. The cases of large magnetic damping, pronounced skin effect, and inhomogeneity of the material are considered. It is shown that in most cases calculation of the integral through fitting of actual magnetic frequency dispersion by the Lorentzian dispersion law results in accurate estimations of the ultimate high-frequency performance of magnetic materials.

  4. [Current problems of information technologies application for forces medical service].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanov, V V; Korneenkov, A A; Bogomolov, V D; Borisov, D N; Rezvantsev, M V

    2013-06-01

    The modern information technologies are the key factors for the upgrading of forces medical service. The aim of this article is the analysis of prospective information technologies application for the upgrading of forces medical service. The authors suggested 3 concepts of information support of Russian military health care on the basis of data about information technologies application in the foreign armed forces, analysis of the regulatory background, prospects of military-medical service and gathered experience of specialists. These three concepts are: development of united telecommunication network of the medical service of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation medical service, working out and implementation of standard medical information systems for medical units and establishments, monitoring the military personnel health state and military medical service resources. It is noted that on the assumption of sufficient centralized financing and industrial implementation of the military medical service prospective information technologies, by the year 2020 the united information space of the military medical service will be created and the target information support effectiveness will be achieved.

  5. Smart Phone Applications as a Source of Information on Stroke

    OpenAIRE

    Dubey, Divyanshu; Amritphale, Amod; Sawhney, Anshudha; Amritphale, Nupur; Dubey, Pradeep; Pandey, Ambarish

    2014-01-01

    Background and Purpose Smartphone applications have been increasingly identified as a novel platform for dissemination of healthcare related information. However, there have been no studies done to evaluate the availability and content of stroke related apps. Purpose: This study aims to identify and analyze stroke-related applications available on the Apple iTunes and Android Google Play Store. Methods The Apple iTunes store and Android Google Play Store were searched for stroke-related appli...

  6. Quantum Tomograms and Their Application in Quantum Information Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fedorov, Aleksey K.; Yurchenko, Stanislav O.

    2013-02-01

    This note is devoted to quantum tomograms application in quantum information science. Representation for quantum tomograms of continuous variables via Feynman path integrals is considered. Due to this construction quantum tomograms of harmonic oscillator are obtained. Application tomograms in causal analysis of quantum states is presented. Two qubit maximum entangled and "quantum-classical" states have been analyzed by tomographic causal analysis of quantum states.

  7. Artificial intelligence applications in information and communication technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Bouguila, Nizar

    2015-01-01

    This book presents various recent applications of Artificial Intelligence in Information and Communication Technologies such as Search and Optimization methods, Machine Learning, Data Representation and Ontologies, and Multi-agent Systems. The main aim of this book is to help Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) practitioners in managing efficiently their platforms using AI tools and methods and to provide them with sufficient Artificial Intelligence background to deal with real-life problems.  .

  8. Application of generalized separation of variables to solving mixed problems with irregular boundary conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasymov, E. A.; Guseinova, A. O.; Gasanova, U. N.

    2016-07-01

    One of the methods for solving mixed problems is the classical separation of variables (the Fourier method). If the boundary conditions of the mixed problem are irregular, this method, generally speaking, is not applicable. In the present paper, a generalized separation of variables and a way of application of this method to solving some mixed problems with irregular boundary conditions are proposed. Analytical representation of the solution to this irregular mixed problem is obtained.

  9. A General Framework for Transmission with Transceiver Distortion and Some Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Wenyi

    2010-01-01

    A general theoretical framework is presented for analyzing information transmission over Gaussian channels with memoryless transceiver distortion, which encompasses various nonlinear distortion models including transmit-side clipping, receive-side analog-to-digital conversion, and others. The framework is based on the so-called generalized mutual information (GMI), and the analysis in particular benefits from the setup of Gaussian codebook ensemble and nearest-neighbor decoding, for which it ...

  10. Open Data in Mobile Applications, New Models for Service Information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel GÉRTRUDIX BARRIO

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The combination of open data generated by government and the proliferation of mobile devices enables the creation of new information services and improved delivery of existing ones. Significantly, it allows citizens access to simple,quick and effective way to information. Free applications that use open data provide useful information in real time, tailored to the user experience and / or geographic location. This changes the concept of “service information”. Both the infomediary sector and citizens now have new models of production and dissemination of this type of information. From the theoretical contextualization of aspects such as processes datification of reality, mobile registration of everyday experience, or reinterpretation of the service information, we analyze the role of open data in the public sector in Spain and its application concrete in building apps based on this data sets. The findings indicate that this is a phenomenon that will continue to grow because these applications provide useful and efficient information to decision-making in everyday life.

  11. An evaluation of the content and quality of tinnitus information on websites preferred by General Practitioners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fackrell Kathryn

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Tinnitus is a prevalent and complex medical complaint often co-morbid with stress, anxiety, insomnia, depression, and cognitive or communication difficulties. Its chronicity places a major burden on primary and secondary healthcare services. In our recent national survey of General Practitioners (GPs from across England, many reported that their awareness of tinnitus was limited and as a result were dissatisfied with the service they currently provide. GPs identified 10 online sources of information they currently use in clinical practice, but welcomed further concise and accurate information on tinnitus assessment and management. The purpose of this study was to assess the content, reliability, and quality of the information related to primary care tinnitus assessment and management on these 10 websites. Methods Tinnitus related content on each website was assessed using a summative content analysis approach. Reliability and quality of the information was assessed using the DISCERN questionnaire. Results Quality of information was rated using the validated DISCERN questionnaire. Significant inter-rater reliability was confirmed by Kendall’s coefficient of concordance (Wt which ranged from 0.48 to 0.92 across websites. The website Map of Medicine achieved the highest overall DISCERN score. However, for information on treatment choice, the British Tinnitus Association was rated best. Content analysis revealed that all websites lacked a number of details relating to either tinnitus assessment or management options. Conclusions No single website provides comprehensive information for GPs on tinnitus assessment and management and so GPs may need to refer to more than one if they want to maximise their coverage of the topic. From those preferred by GPs we recommend several specific websites as the current ‘best’ sources. Our findings should guide healthcare website providers to improve the quality and inclusiveness of the

  12. General relativity the most beautiful of theories : applications and trends after 100 years

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    Generalising Newton's law of gravitation, general relativity is one of the pillars of modern physics. On the occasion of general relativity's centennial, leading scientists in the different branches of gravitational research review the history and recent advances in the main fields of applications of the theory, which was referred to by Lev Landau as “the most beautiful of the existing physical theories”.

  13. Fractional Calculus of Variations in Terms of a Generalized Fractional Integral with Applications to Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Odzijewicz, Tatiana; Torres, Delfim F M

    2012-01-01

    We study fractional variational problems in terms of a generalized fractional integral with Lagrangians depending on classical derivatives, generalized fractional integrals and derivatives. We obtain necessary optimality conditions for the basic and isoperimetric problems, as well as natural boundary conditions for free boundary value problems. The fractional action-like variational approach (FALVA) is extended and some applications to Physics discussed.

  14. A Generalization of Weak WT2-Class of Differential Forms and Its Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Gao Hongya; Wang Tian; Di Qinghua

    2016-01-01

    A generalized class of weak ${\\cal WT}_2$-class of differential forms is defined, a weak reverse H\\"older inequality is obtained for this class, and some applications to the regularity theory of weakly $(K_1, K_2)$-quasiregular mappings, very weak solutions of nonhomogeneous $\\cal A$-harmonic equations, and generalized solutions of Beltrami system with three characteristic matrices are given.

  15. 40 CFR Appendix A to Subpart Ll of... - Applicability of General Provisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Appendix A to Subpart LL of Part 63 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED... Reduction Plants Pt. 63, Subpt. LL, App. A Appendix A to Subpart LL of Part 63—Applicability of General Provisions General provisions citation Requirement Applies to subpart LL Comment 63.1(c)(2) No All are...

  16. The generalized Euler's formula from Poisson's summation formula and some applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The generalized Euler's formula is derived from Poisson's summation formula. In special cases, it reduces to the ordinary Euler's formula and Walfisz formula in one dimension. As an application, the generalized Euler's formula is used to calculate the expression for the number of quantum states of a single non-relativistic particle in a rectangular three-dimensional box of finite size. (Author)

  17. Wireless access to a pharmaceutical database: A demonstrator for data driven Wireless Application Prorocol (WAP) applications in medical information processing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Michael Schacht; Dørup, Jens

    2001-01-01

    script for easy update of the database. Data were distributed in 35 interrelated tables. Each pharmaceutical brand name was given its own card with links to general information about the drug, active substances, contraindications etc. Access was available through 1) browsing therapeutic groups and 2......) searching for a brand name. The database interface was programmed in the server-side scripting language PHP3. RESULTS: A free, open source Wireless Application Protocol gateway to a pharmaceutical catalogue was established to allow dial-in access independent of commercial Wireless Application Protocol...... service providers. The application was tested on the Nokia 7110 and Ericsson R320s cellular phones. CONCLUSIONS: We have demonstrated that Wireless Application Protocol-based access to a dynamic clinical database can be established using open source freeware. The project opens perspectives for a further...

  18. Linking genes to literature: text mining, information extraction, and retrieval applications for biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krallinger, Martin; Valencia, Alfonso; Hirschman, Lynette

    2008-01-01

    Efficient access to information contained in online scientific literature collections is essential for life science research, playing a crucial role from the initial stage of experiment planning to the final interpretation and communication of the results. The biological literature also constitutes the main information source for manual literature curation used by expert-curated databases. Following the increasing popularity of web-based applications for analyzing biological data, new text-mining and information extraction strategies are being implemented. These systems exploit existing regularities in natural language to extract biologically relevant information from electronic texts automatically. The aim of the BioCreative challenge is to promote the development of such tools and to provide insight into their performance. This review presents a general introduction to the main characteristics and applications of currently available text-mining systems for life sciences in terms of the following: the type of biological information demands being addressed; the level of information granularity of both user queries and results; and the features and methods commonly exploited by these applications. The current trend in biomedical text mining points toward an increasing diversification in terms of application types and techniques, together with integration of domain-specific resources such as ontologies. Additional descriptions of some of the systems discussed here are available on the internet http://zope.bioinfo.cnio.es/bionlp_tools/. PMID:18834499

  19. A Survey of Web Information Systems and Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Guoren; XU Lizhen; XU Baowen; YU Ge; MENG Xiaofeng; HE Yanxiang; LI Ruixuan

    2006-01-01

    WISA 2006 has received 581 submissions and has accepted 65 papers for publication of this issue. These papers are involved in 8 research areas, including Web Information Mining and Retrieval, Semantic Web and Intelligent Web, Web Data Management and Information Integration, Web Application Framework and Architecture, Web Information Security, Web Services and Workflow Models, Text Processing and Decision Support, and Grid and Networking Technology. This paper gives an introduction to previous WISA conferences and a survey on the papers to be published in this issue.

  20. Study on Shanghai Water Management Information Standard and its application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Huajie; Zheng Xiaoyang

    2007-01-01

    In Shanghai, three trades including water conservancy, water supply and water drainage are managed integratively by Shanghai Water Authority. However, trade division is apparent among them, and information sharing needs to be strengthened.Therefore, lack of information standard is becoming an urgent problem to be solved. According to the strategic objectives of "Golden Water Project" in China and "Digital City" in Shanghai, "Shanghai Water Management Information Standard" is made for normalizing information classifications, codes, terms,GIS symbols and attributed data structures. It not only coincides with national standards,ministerial standards and Shanghai local standards, but also embodies the characteristic of integrated water management in Shanghai. It provides "traffic rule" for resources integrating and information sharing. Some good research ideas such as omni-direction,multi-levels and facing application can be popularized in other provinces and municipalities of China.

  1. 76 FR 11437 - Application To Export Electric Energy; Societe Generale Energy Corp.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-02

    ... Application To Export Electric Energy; Societe Generale Energy Corp. AGENCY: Office of Electricity Delivery.... (SGEC) has applied for authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Canada pursuant... application from the SGEC for authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Canada as...

  2. Research and Application of Information Technology in Mining Area Railway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    This paper introduces the methods and technicalities of applicating information technology in a miningarea railway transport system. The pattern Client/Server is adopted in this system. There are two types of clients,i.e. PC and terminal. This article focuses on the system demand analysis, the data flow, the system architectureand some technical details.

  3. A Survey of Web Information Technology and Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ 0 Introduction The surprising growth of the Internet, coupled with the rapid development of Web technique and more and more emergence of web information system and application, is bring great opportunities and big challenges to us. Since the Web provides cross-platform universal access to resources for the massive user population, even greater demand is requested to manage data and services effectively.

  4. 10 CFR 72.24 - Contents of application: Technical information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contents of application: Technical information. 72.24 Section 72.24 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSING REQUIREMENTS FOR THE INDEPENDENT STORAGE OF SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL, HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTE, AND REACTOR-RELATED GREATER THAN CLASS...

  5. On domain modelling of the service system with its application to enterprise information systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, J. W.; Wang, H. F.; Ding, J. L.; Furuta, K.; Kanno, T.; Ip, W. H.; Zhang, W. J.

    2016-01-01

    Information systems are a kind of service systems and they are throughout every element of a modern industrial and business system, much like blood in our body. Types of information systems are heterogeneous because of extreme uncertainty in changes in modern industrial and business systems. To effectively manage information systems, modelling of the work domain (or domain) of information systems is necessary. In this paper, a domain modelling framework for the service system is proposed and its application to the enterprise information system is outlined. The framework is defined based on application of a general domain modelling tool called function-context-behaviour-principle-state-structure (FCBPSS). The FCBPSS is based on a set of core concepts, namely: function, context, behaviour, principle, state and structure and system decomposition. Different from many other applications of FCBPSS in systems engineering, the FCBPSS is applied to both infrastructure and substance systems, which is novel and effective to modelling of service systems including enterprise information systems. It is to be noted that domain modelling of systems (e.g. enterprise information systems) is a key to integration of heterogeneous systems and to coping with unanticipated situations facing to systems.

  6. Univariate and multivariate general linear models theory and applications with SAS

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, Kevin

    2006-01-01

    Reviewing the theory of the general linear model (GLM) using a general framework, Univariate and Multivariate General Linear Models: Theory and Applications with SAS, Second Edition presents analyses of simple and complex models, both univariate and multivariate, that employ data sets from a variety of disciplines, such as the social and behavioral sciences.With revised examples that include options available using SAS 9.0, this expanded edition divides theory from applications within each chapter. Following an overview of the GLM, the book introduces unrestricted GLMs to analyze multiple regr

  7. Distributed Systems and Applications of Information Filtering and Retrieval

    CERN Document Server

    Giuliani, Alessandro; Semeraro, Giovanni; DART 2012

    2014-01-01

    This volume focuses on new challenges in distributed Information Filtering and Retrieval. It collects invited chapters and extended research contributions from the special session on Information Filtering and Retrieval: Novel Distributed Systems and Applications (DART) of the 4th International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Information Retrieval (KDIR 2012), held in Barcelona, Spain, on 4-7 October 2012. The main focus of DART was to discuss and compare suitable novel solutions based on intelligent techniques and applied to real-world applications. The chapters of this book present a comprehensive review of related works and state of the art. Authors, both practitioners and researchers, shared their results in several topics such as "Multi-Agent Systems", "Natural Language Processing", "Automatic Advertisement", "Customer Interaction Analytics", "Opinion Mining". Contributions have been careful reviewed by experts in the area, who also gave useful suggestions to improve the quality of the volume.

  8. Measurement of resilience and its application to enterprise information systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, J. W.; Gao, F.; Ip, W. H.

    2010-05-01

    In this article, we present a measure for resilience in the context of enterprise information systems or service systems in a more general sense. Resilience of the system is a property of the system, which focuses on the recovery ability of the system after a partial damage of the system. Enterprise information systems such as enterprise resource planning, supply chain management, customer relationship management, manufacturing execution system, etc. play a critical role in the daily operation of modern enterprises by timely and sustainable delivery of information. Therefore, resilience is especially important for the enterprise information systems. The proposed measure for resilience is based on the recovery ability of the system, which departs from the existing approaches in literature and presents a unique contribution. An example is given to illustrate how the proposed measure works.

  9. Generalized data management systems and scientific information. Report of a specialist study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-06-01

    Separate abstracts were prepared for 19 of the papers in this volume. Four additional papers have already been cited in ERA; these can be found by referring to CONF-771062-- in the Report Number Index. Five other papers were not in the scope of coverage of ERA; these dealt with an introduction to generalized data management systems and capabilities required of them in handling data, a programming language for data bases, and specialized applications of data bases to laboratory animals (environmental husbandry, hematology, clinical chemistry) and environmental chemicals. (RWR)

  10. Some Techniques for Aggregation of Uncertain Cardinal Information in Risk-Informed Applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Information aggregation (also known as information fusion) is viewed as the process that combines information obtained from different multiple sources such as experts, models, and sensors. The aggregated information is supposed to be more efficient and potentially more accurate than individual information achieved by means of a single source. Its application area is used in computer vision, medical image processing, pattern recognition, multi-sensor data fusion, decision making, etc. There are different techniques for an information aggregation that have been successfully used in the science and engineering fields. For example, we find it much more powerful to devise aggregators in terms of the following principles: Bayesian network, Dempster- Shafer theory, and/or fuzzy integral. Typically, risk-informed applications [Zio 2008; USNRC 2008] for a management of complex systems like nuclear power plants deal with information from rare events, subjective expert judgments, and similar data of other plants. In particular, various techniques for the probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) of a nuclear safety (e.g., human reliability analysis, fault tree analysis, event tree analysis) are based on the theory of a probability measure, which is a subset of fuzzy measures such as a belief measure and a plausibility measure. Fig.1 shows a relation among fuzzy measures. The main purpose of this work is to develop a nonadditive Bayesian network methodology as an aggregation tool

  11. A General Algorithm for Reusing Krylov Subspace Information. I. Unsteady Navier-Stokes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, Mark H.; Vuik, C.; Lucas, Peter; vanGijzen, Martin; Bijl, Hester

    2010-01-01

    A general algorithm is developed that reuses available information to accelerate the iterative convergence of linear systems with multiple right-hand sides A x = b (sup i), which are commonly encountered in steady or unsteady simulations of nonlinear equations. The algorithm is based on the classical GMRES algorithm with eigenvector enrichment but also includes a Galerkin projection preprocessing step and several novel Krylov subspace reuse strategies. The new approach is applied to a set of test problems, including an unsteady turbulent airfoil, and is shown in some cases to provide significant improvement in computational efficiency relative to baseline approaches.

  12. A general quantum information model for the contextual dependent systems breaking the classical probability law

    CERN Document Server

    Asano, Masanari; Khrennikov, Andrei; Ohya, Masanori; Yamato, Ichiro

    2011-01-01

    There exist several phenomena (systems) breaking the classical probability laws. Such systems are contextual dependent adaptive systems. In this paper, we present a new mathematical formula to compute the probability in those systems by using the concepts of the adaptive dynamics and quantum information theory -- quantum channels and the lifting. The basic examples of the contextual dependent phenomena can be found in quantum physics. And recently similar examples were found in biological and psychological sciences. Our novel approach is motivated by traditional quantum probability, but it is general enough to describe aforementioned phenomena outside of quantum physics.

  13. Generalized dominance-based rough set approach to security evaluation with imprecise information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Liang; Xue Zhi

    2010-01-01

    The model of grey multi-attribute group decision-making(MAGDM)is studied,in which the attribute values are grey numbers.Based on the generalized dominance-based rough set approach(G-DRSA),a synthetic security evaluation method is presented.With the grey MAGDM security evaluation model as its foundation,the extension of technique for order performance by similarity to ideal solution(TOPSIS)integrates the evaluation of each decision-maker(DM)into a group's consensus and obtains the expected evaluation results of information system.Via the quality of sorting(QoS)of G-DRSA,the inherent information hidden in data is uncovered,and the security attribute weight and DMs'weight are rationally obtained.Taking the computer networks in a certain university as objects,the example illustrates that this method can effectively remove the bottleneck of the grey MAGDM model and has practical significance in the synthetic security evaluation.

  14. Information Superiority generated through proper application of Geoinformatics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teichmann, F.

    2012-04-01

    Information Superiority generated through proper application of Geoinformatics Information management and especially geoscience information delivery is a very delicate task. If it is carried out successfully, geoscientific data will provide the main foundation of Information Superiority. However, improper implementation of geodata generation, assimilation, distribution or storage will not only waste valuable resources like manpower or money, but could also give rise to crucial deficiency in knowledge and might lead to potentially extremely harmful disasters or wrong decisions. Comprehensive Approach, Effect Based Operations and Network Enabled Capabilities are the current buzz terms in the security regime. However, they also apply to various interdisciplinary tasks like catastrophe relief missions, civil task operations or even in day to day business operations where geo-science data is used. Based on experience in the application of geoscience data for defence applications the following procedure or tool box for generating geodata should lead to the desired information superiority: 1. Understand and analyse the mission, the task and the environment for which the geodata is needed 2. Carry out a Information Exchange Requirement between the user or customer and the geodata provider 3. Implementation of current interoperability standards and a coherent metadata structure 4. Execute innovative data generation, data provision, data assimilation and data storage 5. Apply a cost-effective and reasonable data life cycle 6. Implement IT security by focusing of the three pillar concepts Integrity, Availability and Confidentiality of the critical data 7. Draft and execute a service level agreement or a memorandum of understanding between the involved parties 8. Execute a Continuous Improvement Cycle These ideas from the IT world should be transferred into the geoscience community and applied in a wide set of scenarios. A standardized approach of how to generate, provide

  15. Falls prevention within the Australian general practice data model: methodology, information model, and terminology issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liaw, Siaw-Teng; Sulaiman, Nabil; Pearce, Christopher; Sims, Jane; Hill, Keith; Grain, Heather; Tse, Justin; Ng, Choon-Kiat

    2003-01-01

    The iterative development of the Falls Risk Assessment and Management System (FRAMS) drew upon research evidence and early consumer and clinician input through focus groups, interviews, direct observations, and an online questionnaire. Clinical vignettes were used to validate the clinical model and program logic, input, and output. The information model was developed within the Australian General Practice Data Model (GPDM) framework. The online FRAMS implementation used available Internet (TCP/IP), messaging (HL7, XML), knowledge representation (Arden Syntax), and classification (ICD10-AM, ICPC2) standards. Although it could accommodate most of the falls prevention information elements, the GPDM required extension for prevention and prescribing risk management. Existing classifications could not classify all falls prevention concepts. The lack of explicit rules for terminology and data definitions allowed multiple concept representations across the terminology-architecture interface. Patients were more enthusiastic than clinicians. A usable standards-based online-distributed decision support system for falls prevention can be implemented within the GPDM, but a comprehensive terminology is required. The conceptual interface between terminology and architecture requires standardization, preferably within a reference information model. Developments in electronic decision support must be guided by evidence-based clinical and information models and knowledge ontologies. The safety and quality of knowledge-based decision support systems must be monitored. Further examination of falls and other clinical domains within the GPDM is needed. PMID:12807809

  16. Research of Dynamic Material Handling in an Automobile General Assembly Line Based on Real-time Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Nan; LI Shi-qi; WANG Jun-feng; ZHANG Zhen-li

    2012-01-01

    The status of material delivery of an automobile general assembly line is analyzed, and the technique to achieve the real-time tracking of assembly status information is proposed based on RFID( Radio Frequency Identification). Thus the consumption of line-side buffer is obtained dynamically, then the type and quantity of needed material are fed back to the subsystem of material handling; the algorithm for determining the best time departure time of delivery driver based on minimizing of total time penalty function is proposed. This approach makes the material amount of a single delivery trip maximized and improves the efficiency of delivery drivers significantly in the case of does not affect the assembly line normal throughput. Additionally, although this dynamic material handling method is developed for the automobile assembly plant, it should be pointed out that this method is also applicable to other mixed model assembly plants such as electronics, semiconductor and aerospace industry.

  17. The economic value of drought information: Application to water resources management decisions in Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrote, Luis; Sordo, Alvaro; Iglesias, Ana

    2016-04-01

    Information is valuable when it improves decision-making (e.g., actions can be adjusted to better suit the situation at hand) and enables the mitigation of damage. However, quantifying the value of information is often difficult. Here we explore a general approach to understand the economic value of drought information for water managers framing our approach in the precautionary principle that reminds us that uncertainty is not a reason to postpone or avoid action. We explore how decision making can disregard uncertain effects, taking a short-term approach and focusing instead on the certain costs and benefits of taking action. Two main questions arise: How do we know that advanced drought information is actually helping decisions?; and What is the value of information in the decision process? The approach is applied to several regulated water resources systems in Spain. It first views drought information as a factor in the decision process which can be used by water managers to reduce uncertainty. Second, the value of drought information is the expected gain in a decision outcome (utility) from using additional information. Finally, the gains of improved information are compared with the information collection costs. Here we estimate the value by taking into account the accuracy of the drought information, the subjective probabilities about the value, analyzed as Bayesian probabilities, and the ability or skill of the stakeholders to apply the drought information to modify their actions. Since information may be considered a public good (non-rivalry and non-excludability), it may justify public policy in the provision of information, considering social costs and benefits. The application of the framework to the Spanish case studies shows that information benefits exceeds to costs when drought frequency is 20-40% above normal values; below these values uncertainty in the decisions dominate the results; above these values, the management decisions are limited even

  18. Extracting directed information flow networks: an application to genetics and semantics

    CERN Document Server

    Masucci, A P; Hernández-García, E; Kalampokis, A

    2010-01-01

    We introduce a general method to infer the directional information flow between populations whose elements are described by n-dimensional vectors of symbolic attributes. The method is based on the Jensen-Shannon divergence and on the Shannon entropy and has a wide range of application. We show here the results of two applications: first extracting the network of genetic flow between the meadows of the seagrass Poseidonia Oceanica, where the meadow elements are specified by sets of microsatellite markers, then we extract the semantic flow network from a set of Wikipedia pages, showing the semantic channels between different areas of knowledge.

  19. PhyDesign: an online application for profiling phylogenetic informativeness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Townsend Jeffrey P

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The rapid increase in number of sequenced genomes for species across of the tree of life is revealing a diverse suite of orthologous genes that could potentially be employed to inform molecular phylogenetic studies that encompass broader taxonomic sampling. Optimal usage of this diversity of loci requires user-friendly tools to facilitate widespread cost-effective locus prioritization for phylogenetic sampling. The Townsend (2007 phylogenetic informativeness provides a unique empirical metric for guiding marker selection. However, no software or automated methodology to evaluate sequence alignments and estimate the phylogenetic informativeness metric has been available. Results Here, we present PhyDesign, a platform-independent online application that implements the Townsend (2007 phylogenetic informativeness analysis, providing a quantitative prediction of the utility of loci to solve specific phylogenetic questions. An easy-to-use interface facilitates uploading of alignments and ultrametric trees to calculate and depict profiles of informativeness over specified time ranges, and provides rankings of locus prioritization for epochs of interest. Conclusions By providing these profiles, PhyDesign facilitates locus prioritization increasing the efficiency of sequencing for phylogenetic purposes compared to traditional studies with more laborious and low capacity screening methods, as well as increasing the accuracy of phylogenetic studies. Together with a manual and sample files, the application is freely accessible at http://phydesign.townsend.yale.edu.

  20. A cloud-based information repository for bridge monitoring applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Seongwoon; Zhang, Yilan; Hou, Rui; Lynch, Jerome P.; Sohn, Hoon; Law, Kincho H.

    2016-04-01

    This paper describes an information repository to support bridge monitoring applications on a cloud computing platform. Bridge monitoring, with instrumentation of sensors in particular, collects significant amount of data. In addition to sensor data, a wide variety of information such as bridge geometry, analysis model and sensor description need to be stored. Data management plays an important role to facilitate data utilization and data sharing. While bridge information modeling (BrIM) technologies and standards have been proposed and they provide a means to enable integration and facilitate interoperability, current BrIM standards support mostly the information about bridge geometry. In this study, we extend the BrIM schema to include analysis models and sensor information. Specifically, using the OpenBrIM standards as the base, we draw on CSI Bridge, a commercial software widely used for bridge analysis and design, and SensorML, a standard schema for sensor definition, to define the data entities necessary for bridge monitoring applications. NoSQL database systems are employed for data repository. Cloud service infrastructure is deployed to enhance scalability, flexibility and accessibility of the data management system. The data model and systems are tested using the bridge model and the sensor data collected at the Telegraph Road Bridge, Monroe, Michigan.

  1. 77 FR 74168 - Information Collection: Youth Conservation Corps Application and Medical History

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-13

    ... Forest Service Information Collection: Youth Conservation Corps Application and Medical History AGENCY... information collection, OMB 0596- 0084, Youth Conservation Corps Application and Medical History. The... Corps Application and Medical History. OMB Number: 0596-0084. Expiration Date of Approval:...

  2. Facing information management solutions for SAT applications: A Tecnatom's perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Facing the development of Information Management Solutions for SAT applications implies to cope with different technological, methodological and services aspects. A chronological overview of the major projects in this area where Tecnatom, s.a has been involved up to present is presented. Firstly a brief explanation of Tecnatom's Training Management (GESFORM) and Training Area Intranet applications main features is provided, to focus next in the e-learning approach which has been followed to develop Tecnatom's Virtual Campus. Finally some R and D topics of interest in the field of SAT implementation are outlined. (author)

  3. Analysis of entanglement measures and LOCC maximized quantum Fisher information of general two qubit systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erol, Volkan; Ozaydin, Fatih; Altintas, Azmi Ali

    2014-06-24

    Entanglement has been studied extensively for unveiling the mysteries of non-classical correlations between quantum systems. In the bipartite case, there are well known measures for quantifying entanglement such as concurrence, relative entropy of entanglement (REE) and negativity, which cannot be increased via local operations. It was found that for sets of non-maximally entangled states of two qubits, comparing these entanglement measures may lead to different entanglement orderings of the states. On the other hand, although it is not an entanglement measure and not monotonic under local operations, due to its ability of detecting multipartite entanglement, quantum Fisher information (QFI) has recently received an intense attraction generally with entanglement in the focus. In this work, we revisit the state ordering problem of general two qubit states. Generating a thousand random quantum states and performing an optimization based on local general rotations of each qubit, we calculate the maximal QFI for each state. We analyze the maximized QFI in comparison with concurrence, REE and negativity and obtain new state orderings. We show that there are pairs of states having equal maximized QFI but different values for concurrence, REE and negativity and vice versa.

  4. 77 FR 74278 - Proposed Information Collection (Internet Student CPR Web Registration Application); Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-13

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Internet Student CPR Web Registration Application); Comment... solicits comments on information needed to establish an online web registration application. DATES: Written... use of other forms of information technology. Title: Internet Student CPR Web Registration...

  5. Probability and information theory, with applications to radar

    CERN Document Server

    Woodward, P M; Higinbotham, W

    1964-01-01

    Electronics and Instrumentation, Second Edition, Volume 3: Probability and Information Theory with Applications to Radar provides information pertinent to the development on research carried out in electronics and applied physics. This book presents the established mathematical techniques that provide the code in which so much of the mathematical theory of electronics and radar is expressed.Organized into eight chapters, this edition begins with an overview of the geometry of probability distributions in which moments play a significant role. This text then examines the mathematical methods in

  6. Waves and Structures in Nonlinear Nondispersive Media General Theory and Applications to Nonlinear Acoustics

    CERN Document Server

    Gurbatov, S N; Saichev, A I

    2012-01-01

    "Waves and Structures in Nonlinear Nondispersive Media: General Theory and Applications to Nonlinear Acoustics” is devoted completely to nonlinear structures. The general theory is given here in parallel with mathematical models. Many concrete examples illustrate the general analysis of Part I. Part II is devoted to applications to nonlinear acoustics, including specific nonlinear models and exact solutions, physical mechanisms of nonlinearity, sawtooth-shaped wave propagation, self-action phenomena, nonlinear resonances and engineering application (medicine, nondestructive testing, geophysics, etc.). This book is designed for graduate and postgraduate students studying the theory of nonlinear waves of various physical nature. It may also be useful as a handbook for engineers and researchers who encounter the necessity of taking nonlinear wave effects into account of their work. Dr. Gurbatov S.N. is the head of Department, and Vice Rector for Research of Nizhny Novgorod State University. Dr. Rudenko O.V. is...

  7. Depression during pregnancy: views on antidepressant use and information sources of general practitioners and pharmacists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schobben Fred

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The use of antidepressants during pregnancy has increased in recent years. In the Netherlands, almost 2% of all pregnant women are exposed to antidepressants. Although guidelines have been developed on considerations that should be taken into account, prescribing antidepressants during pregnancy is still a subject of debate. Physicians and pharmacists may have opposing views on using medication during pregnancy and may give contradictory advice on whether or not to take medication for depression and anxiety disorders during pregnancy. In this study, we investigated information sources used by general practitioners (GPs and pharmacists and their common practices. Methods A questionnaire on the use of information sources and the general approach when managing depression during pregnancy was sent out to 1400 health care professionals to assess information sources on drug safety during pregnancy and also the factors that influence decision-making. The questionnaires consisted predominantly of closed multiple-choice questions. Results A total of 130 GPs (19% and 144 pharmacists (21% responded. The most popular source of information on the safety of drug use during pregnancy is the Dutch National Health Insurance System Formulary, while a minority of respondents contacts the Dutch national Teratology Information Service (TIS. The majority of GPs contact the pharmacy with questions concerning drug use during pregnancy. There is no clear line with regard to treatment or consensus between GPs on the best therapeutic strategy, nor do practitioners agree upon the drug of first choice. GPs have different views on stopping or continuing antidepressants during pregnancy or applying alternative treatment options. The debate appears to be ongoing as to whether or not specialised care for mother and child is indicated in cases of gestational antidepressant use. Conclusion Primary health care workers are not univocal concerning therapy for

  8. Innovative applications of an enterprise-wide information warehouse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamal, Jyoti; Silvey, Scott A; Silvey, Scott Andrew; Buskirk, Jason; Ostrander, Michael; Erdal, Selnur; Dhaval, Rakesh; Ding, Jing; Borlawsky, Tara; Smaltz, Detlev H; Smaltz, Detlev Herb; Payne, Philip R O; Payne, Philip Richard Orrin

    2008-11-06

    The Information Warehouse at The Ohio State University Medical Center is a comprehensive effort integrating data from over 70 sources throughout the enterprise. The IW serves a broad diversity of customers in all mission areas of the medical center, from clinical operations and administration to education, to research. This comprehensiveness has facilitated an innovative application of cross-disciplinary technologies and methodologies to problem domains beyond the roles traditionally envisioned for data warehousing.

  9. Some Suzuki-type fixed point theorems for generalized multivalued mappings and applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đorić Dragan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In this article we obtain a Suzuki-type generalization of a fixed point theorem for generalized multivalued mappings of Ćirić (Matematićki Vesnik, 9(24, 265-272, 1972. The obtained results extend furthermore the recently developed Kikkawa-Suzuki-type contractions. Applications to certain functional equations arising in dynamic programming are also considered.

  10. Some Properties of the Generalized Stuttering Poisson Distribution and its Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Huiming; Chu, Lili; Diao, Yu

    2012-01-01

    Based on the probability generating function of stuttering Poisson distribution (SPD), this paper considers some equivalent propositions of SPD. From this, we show that some distributions in the application of non-life insurance actuarial science are SPD, such as negative binomial distribution, compound Poisson distribution etc.. By weakening condition of equivalent propositions of SPD, we define the generalized SPD. We consider cumulant estimation of generalized SPD's parameters. As an appli...

  11. A Generalization of Weak WT2-Class of Differential Forms and Its Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gao Hongya

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available A generalized class of weak ${\\cal WT}_2$-class of differential forms is defined, a weak reverse H\\"older inequality is obtained for this class, and some applications to the regularity theory of weakly $(K_1, K_2$-quasiregular mappings, very weak solutions of nonhomogeneous $\\cal A$-harmonic equations, and generalized solutions of Beltrami system with three characteristic matrices are given.

  12. Evaluation and regularization of generalized Eisenstein series and application to 2D cylindrical harmonic sums

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Parry Y.; Smith, Michael J. A.; McPhedran, Ross C.

    2016-01-01

    In the study of periodic media, conditionally convergent series are frequently encountered and their regularization is crucial for applications. We derive an identity that regularizes two-dimensional generalized Eisenstein series for all Bravais lattices, yielding physically meaningful values. We also obtain explicit forms for the generalized series in terms of conventional Eisenstein series, enabling their closed-form evaluation for important high symmetry lattices. Results are then used to ...

  13. New Generalized L-KKM Type Theorems in Topological Spaces with Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Min FANG

    2013-01-01

    In this paper,some new generalized L-KKM type theorems with finitely open values and with finitely closed values are established without any convexity structure in topological spaces.As applications,some new matching theorem,fixed point theorem and existence theorem of equilibrium problem with lower and upper bounds are also given under some suitable conditions.These theorems presented in this paper unify and generalize some corresponding known results in recent literatures.

  14. The Research on Application of Information Technology in sports Stadiums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Can, Han; Lu, Ma; Gan, Luying

    With the Olympic glory in the national fitness program planning and the smooth development of China, the public's concern for the sport continues to grow, while their physical health is also increasingly fervent desired, the country launched a modern technological construction of sports facilities. Information technology applications in the sports venues in the increasingly wide range of modern venues and facilities, including not only the intelligent application of office automation systems, intelligent systems and sports facilities, communication systems for event management, ticket access control system, contest information systems, television systems, Command and Control System, but also in action including the use of computer technology, image analysis, computer-aided training athletes, sports training system and related data entry systems, decision support systems.Using documentary data method, this paper focuses on the research on application of information technology in Sports Stadiums, and try to explore its future trends.With a view to promote the growth of China's national economyand,so as to improve the students'quality and promote the cause of Chinese sports.

  15. Application of generalized operator representation in the time evolution of quantum systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Rui; Liu, Xiangyuan; Song, Jun

    2016-10-01

    We have systematically explored the application of generalized operator representation including P-, W-, and Husimi representation in the time evolution of quantum systems. In particular, by using the method of differentiation within an ordered product of operators, we give the normally and antinormally ordered forms of the integral kernels of Husimi operator representations and its corresponding formulations. By making use of the generalized operator representation, we transform exponentially complex operator equations into tractable phase-space equations. As a simple application, the time evolution equation of Husimi function in the amplitude dissipative channel is clearly obtained.

  16. Energy Savings Forecast of Solid-State Lighting in General Illumination Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2014-08-29

    With declining production costs and increasing technical capabilities, LED adoption has recently gained momentum in general illumination applications. This is a positive development for our energy infrastructure, as LEDs use significantly less electricity per lumen produced than many traditional lighting technologies. The U.S. Department of Energy’s Energy Savings Forecast of Solid-State Lighting in General Illumination Applications examines the expected market penetration and resulting energy savings of light-emitting diode, or LED, lamps and luminaires from today through 2030.

  17. Geoscience Information for Teachers (GIFT) Workshops at the European Geoscience Union General Assembly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Eve; Barnikel, Friedrich; Berenguer, Jean-Luc; Cifelli, Francesca; Funiciello, Francesca; Laj, Carlo; Macko, Stephen; Schwarz, Annegret; Smith, Phil; Summesberger, Herbert

    2016-04-01

    GIFT workshops are a two-and-a-half-day teacher enhancement workshops organized by the EGU Committee on Education and held in conjunction with the EGU annual General Assembly. The program of each workshop focuses on a different general theme each year. Past themes have included, for example, "Mineral Resources", "Our changing Planet", "Natural Hazards", "Water", "Evolution and Biodiversity" and "Energy and Sustainable Development". These workshops combine scientific presentations on current research in the Earth and Space Sciences, given by prominent scientists attending EGU General Assemblies, with hands-on, inquiry-based activities that can be used by the teachers in their classrooms to explain related scientific principles or topics. Participating teachers are also invited to present their own classroom activities to their colleagues, even when not directly related to the current program. The main objective of these workshops is to communicate first-hand scientific information to teachers in primary and secondary schools, significantly shortening the time between discovery and textbook. The GIFT workshop provides the teachers with materials that can be directly incorporated into their classroom, as well as those of their colleagues at home institutions. In addition, the full immersion of science teachers in a truly scientific context (EGU General Assemblies) and the direct contact with leading geoscientists stimulates curiosity towards research that the teachers can transmit to their pupils. In addition to their scientific content, the GIFT workshops are of high societal value. The value of bringing teachers from many nations together includes the potential for networking and collaborations, the sharing of experiences and an awareness of science education as it is presented in other countries. Since 2003, the EGU GIFT workshops have brought together more than 700 teachers from more than 25 nations. At all previous EGU GIFT workshops teachers mingled with others

  18. Advanced applications of natural language processing for performing information extraction

    CERN Document Server

    Rodrigues, Mário

    2015-01-01

    This book explains how can be created information extraction (IE) applications that are able to tap the vast amount of relevant information available in natural language sources: Internet pages, official documents such as laws and regulations, books and newspapers, and social web. Readers are introduced to the problem of IE and its current challenges and limitations, supported with examples. The book discusses the need to fill the gap between documents, data, and people, and provides a broad overview of the technology supporting IE. The authors present a generic architecture for developing systems that are able to learn how to extract relevant information from natural language documents, and illustrate how to implement working systems using state-of-the-art and freely available software tools. The book also discusses concrete applications illustrating IE uses.   ·         Provides an overview of state-of-the-art technology in information extraction (IE), discussing achievements and limitations for t...

  19. Application of GIS in Mineral Resource Prediction of Synthetic Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ye Shuisheng; Wang Shicheng; Li Deqiong

    2003-01-01

    This paper introduces the formation mechanism and synthetic information prediction of large and superlarge deposits in Shandong Province by analyzing and studying on the GIS platform. The authors established a prospecting model of synthetic information from large and superlarge gold deposit concentration region, and the multi-source spatial database from concentration region of deposits and anomalies. On the basis of the spatial database, a target map layer, a model map layer and a predictive map layer were set up. Based on these map layers, geological variables of the model unit and predictive unit were extracted, then launched location and quantitative prediction of the gold deposit concentration region. The achievement of predicting large and superlarge deposits by the GIS platform has enabled the authors to design automation (or semi-automatic) interpretation subsystems, namely geophysics, geochemistry, geologic prospecting and comprehensive prognosis, and a set of the applicable GIS softwarefor mineral resources prognosis of synthetic information.

  20. A Class of Shannon-McMillan theorems for mth-order Markov information source on generalized random selection system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Kang Kang

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, our aim is to establish a class of Shannon-McMillan theorems for $m$th-order nonhomogeneous Markov information source on the generalized random selection system by constructing the consistent distribution functions. As corollaries, we obtain some Shannon-McMillan theorems for $m$th-order nonhomogeneous Markov information source and the general nonhomogeneous Markov information source. Some results which have been obtained are extended. In the proof, a new technique for studying Shannon-McMillan theorems in information theory is applied.

  1. Exploitation of Information Processing Technologies to Extend Digital Library Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian-Hua Yeh、Jia-Yanh Chang、Yen-Jen Oyan

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available

    頁次:1-11

    This paper discusses exploitation of information processing technologies to extend digital library applications to a new dimension. The discussion focuses on the following three information processing technologies.

    l. information extraction.

    2. deductive inference.

    3. data mining.

    The most significant applications are discovery and derivation of new information and knowledge. This paper discusses how these information processing technologies can be exploited to complement the capabilities of human beings in the digital library domain. The tasks that the developed information processing utilities perform are simple and tedious intelligent information processing. However, because a digital library contains a large quantity of contents, it is common that human beings can hardly carry out such tasks exhaustively. As a result, a great amount of information and knowledge may remain undiscovered without the assistance of assistance of such utilities. On the other hands, with the developed information processing utilities, human being are the released form performing

  2. Advanced information science and object-oriented technology for information management applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hummel, J.R.; Swietlik, C.E.

    1996-10-01

    The role of the military has been undergoing rapid change since the fall of the Berlin Wall. The kinds of missions the US military has been asked to participate in have often fallen into the category of {open_quotes}Military Operations Other Than War{close_quotes} and those involving military responses have been more of a surgical nature directed against different kinds of threats, like rogue states or in response to terrorist actions. As a result, the requirements on the military planner and analyst have also had to change dramatically. For example, preparing response options now requires rapid turnaround and a highly flexible simulation capability. This in turn requires that the planner or analyst have access to sophisticated information science and simulation technologies. In this paper, we shall discuss how advanced information science and object-oriented technologies can be used in advanced information management applications. We shall also discuss how these technologies and tools can be applied to DoD applications by presenting examples with a system developed at Argonne, the Dynamic Information Architecture System (DIAS). DIAS has been developed to exploit advanced information science and simulation technologies to provide tools for future planners and analysts.

  3. 76 FR 38374 - Applications for New Awards; Literacy Information and Communication System Regional Professional...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-30

    ... Applications for New Awards; Literacy Information and Communication System Regional Professional Development.... Overview Information Literacy Information and Communication System Regional Professional Development... Literacy Information and Communication System (LINCS) Regional Professional Development Centers...

  4. Generalized simulated annealing algorithms using Tsallis statistics : Application to the discrete-time optimal growth problem

    OpenAIRE

    稻垣, 陽介; イナガキ, ヨウスケ; Yousuke, Inagaki

    2007-01-01

    The efficiency of Monte Carlo simulated annealing algorithm based on the generalized statistics of Tsallis (GSA) is compared with conventional simulated annealing (CSA) based on Boltzmann-Gibbs statistics. Application to the discrete-time optimal growth problem demonstrates that the replacement of CSA by GSA has the potential to speed up optimizations with no loss of accuracy in finding optimal policy function.

  5. 24 CFR 982.202 - How applicants are selected: General requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... but not limited to 24 CFR part 5, subpart L, protection for victims of domestic violence, dating... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How applicants are selected: General requirements. 982.202 Section 982.202 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating...

  6. 40 CFR Table 1 to Subpart S of... - General Provisions Applicability to Subpart S a

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Subpart S a 1 Table 1 to Subpart S of Part 63 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY..., Subpt. S, Table 1 Table 1 to Subpart S of Part 63—General Provisions Applicability to Subpart S a Reference Applies to Subpart S Comment 63.1(a)(1)-(3) Yes 63.1(a)(4) Yes Subpart S (this table)...

  7. A Concise Introduction to Colombeau Generalized Functions and Their Applications in Classical Electrodynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gsponer, Andre

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this introduction to Colombeau algebras of generalized functions (in which distributions can be freely multiplied) is to explain in elementary terms the essential concepts necessary for their application to basic nonlinear problems in classical physics. Examples are given in hydrodynamics and electrodynamics. The problem of the…

  8. 2nd International Conference on INformation Systems Design and Intelligent Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Satapathy, Suresh; Sanyal, Manas; Sarkar, Partha; Mukhopadhyay, Anirban

    2015-01-01

    The second international conference on INformation Systems Design and Intelligent Applications (INDIA – 2015) held in Kalyani, India during January 8-9, 2015. The book covers all aspects of information system design, computer science and technology, general sciences, and educational research. Upon a double blind review process, a number of high quality papers are selected and collected in the book, which is composed of two different volumes, and covers a variety of topics, including natural language processing, artificial intelligence, security and privacy, communications, wireless and sensor networks, microelectronics, circuit and systems, machine learning, soft computing, mobile computing and applications, cloud computing, software engineering, graphics and image processing, rural engineering, e-commerce, e-governance, business computing, molecular computing, nano computing, chemical computing, intelligent computing for GIS and remote sensing, bio-informatics and bio-computing. These fields are not only ...

  9. 3rd International Conference on INformation Systems Design and Intelligent Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Mandal, Jyotsna; Udgata, Siba; Bhateja, Vikrant

    2016-01-01

    The third international conference on INformation Systems Design and Intelligent Applications (INDIA – 2016) held in Visakhapatnam, India during January 8-9, 2016. The book covers all aspects of information system design, computer science and technology, general sciences, and educational research. Upon a double blind review process, a number of high quality papers are selected and collected in the book, which is composed of three different volumes, and covers a variety of topics, including natural language processing, artificial intelligence, security and privacy, communications, wireless and sensor networks, microelectronics, circuit and systems, machine learning, soft computing, mobile computing and applications, cloud computing, software engineering, graphics and image processing, rural engineering, e-commerce, e-governance, business computing, molecular computing, nano-computing, chemical computing, intelligent computing for GIS and remote sensing, bio-informatics and bio-computing. These fields are not...

  10. An Overview of Generalized Gamma Mittag–Leffler Model and Its Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seema S. Nair

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Recently, probability models with thicker or thinner tails have gained more importance among statisticians and physicists because of their vast applications in random walks, Lévi flights, financial modeling, etc. In this connection, we introduce here a new family of generalized probability distributions associated with the Mittag–Leffler function. This family gives an extension to the generalized gamma family, opens up a vast area of potential applications and establishes connections to the topics of fractional calculus, nonextensive statistical mechanics, Tsallis statistics, superstatistics, the Mittag–Leffler stochastic process, the Lévi process and time series. Apart from examining the properties, the matrix-variate analogue and the connection to fractional calculus are also explained. By using the pathway model of Mathai, the model is further generalized. Connections to Mittag–Leffler distributions and corresponding autoregressive processes are also discussed.

  11. Medidas procesales especiales y proteccíon de los derechos humanos Informe general

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John A.E. Vervaele

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del informe general es realizar un análisis comparativo de los informes nacionales para evidenciar los procesos de transformación de los sistemas nacionales de justicia penal, en particular del proceso penal, en el que se han introducido medidas procesales especiales para hacer frente al terrorismo y al crimen organizado, y determinar si esto ha llevado a los países a apartarse de sus propias normas fundamentales, procedimientos, principios y estándares de derechos humanos aplicables. Partiendo de la premisa de que el sistema integrado de derecho penal tiene tres dimensiones – la protección de las personas (la dimensión de escudo, la disposición de instrumentos de aplicación de la ley (la dimensión de la espada y de pesos y contrapesos / trias politica (la dimensión constitucional – el informe ofrece un panorama general de las transformaciones relacionadas entre sí, principalmente en la fase previa al juicio, que han afectado a tales dimensiones como consecuencia de tres oleadas de ‘guerras’ (contra las drogas, el crimen organizado y el terrorismo. En muchos países, las garantías procesales y los principios que protegen frente a violaciones del derecho a un juicio justo son considerados una carga para la eficacia de la persecución de los delitos graves. Estas reformas han dado lugar a una clara expansión del estado punitivo y a que queden difuminadas las distinciones clásicas, y no favorecen al estado de derecho. El actuar centrado en la seguridad pública y en la investigación coactiva preventiva socava el sistema de justicia penal. Con un sistema de justicia penal utilizado crecientemente como instrumento para regular el presente y/o el futuro en lugar de para castigar el comportamiento pasado, y un proceso penal en el que la investigación previa al juicio no se dirige a conocer la verdad en relación con el delito cometido, sino a la construcción y de-construcción de la peligrosidad social, los

  12. 40 CFR Appendix: Table 2 to... - Applicability of 40 CFR Part 63 General Provisions to Subpart HHH

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... HHH of Part 63—Applicability of 40 CFR Part 63 General Provisions to Subpart HHH General provisions... 40 Protection of Environment 11 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Applicability of 40 CFR Part 63 General Provisions to Subpart HHH Table Appendix: Table 2 to Subpart HHH of Part 63 Protection of...

  13. Geoscience Information for Teachers (GIFT) workshops at the EGU General Assemblies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Eve; Barnikel, Friedrich; Berenguer, Jean-Luc; Bokwa Bokwa, Anita; Camerlenghi, Angelo; Cifelli, Francesca; Funiciello, Francesca; Laj, Carlo; Macko, Stephen; Schwarz, Annegret; Smith, Phil

    2010-05-01

    GIFT workshops are a two-and-a-half-day teacher enhancement workshops organized by the EGU Committee on Education and held in conjunction with EGU's annual General Assembly. The program of each workshop focuses on a different general theme each year. Past themes have included, for example, "The Polar Regions", "The Carbon Cycle" and "The Earth From Space". The workshop combines scientific presentations on current research in the Earth and Space Sciences, given by prominent scientists attending EGU General Assemblies, with hands-on, inquiry-based activities that can be used by the teachers in their classrooms to explain related scientific principles or topics. Participating teachers are also invited to present their own classroom activities to their colleagues, even when not directly related to the current program. The main objective of these workshops is to spread first-hand scientific information to science teachers of primary and secondary schools, significantly shortening the time between discovery and textbook. The GIFT workshop provides the teachers with materials that can be directly incorporated into their classroom, as well as those of their colleagues at home institutions. In addition, the full immersion of science teachers in a truly scientific context (EGU General Assemblies) and the direct contact with world leading geo-scientists are expected to stimulate curiosity towards scientific research that the teachers will transmit to their pupils. In addition to their scientific content, the GIFT workshops are of high societal value. The value of bringing teachers from many nations together includes the potential for networking and collaborations, the sharing of experiences, and an awareness of science education as it is presented in other countries. Since 2003, the EGU GIFT workshops have brought together more than 500 teachers from more than 20 nations. At all previous EGU GIFT workshops teachers mingled with others from outside their own country, dined

  14. A General-Purpose Optimization Engine for Multi-Disciplinary Design Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patnaik, Surya N.; Hopkins, Dale A.; Berke, Laszlo

    1996-01-01

    A general purpose optimization tool for multidisciplinary applications, which in the literature is known as COMETBOARDS, is being developed at NASA Lewis Research Center. The modular organization of COMETBOARDS includes several analyzers and state-of-the-art optimization algorithms along with their cascading strategy. The code structure allows quick integration of new analyzers and optimizers. The COMETBOARDS code reads input information from a number of data files, formulates a design as a set of multidisciplinary nonlinear programming problems, and then solves the resulting problems. COMETBOARDS can be used to solve a large problem which can be defined through multiple disciplines, each of which can be further broken down into several subproblems. Alternatively, a small portion of a large problem can be optimized in an effort to improve an existing system. Some of the other unique features of COMETBOARDS include design variable formulation, constraint formulation, subproblem coupling strategy, global scaling technique, analysis approximation, use of either sequential or parallel computational modes, and so forth. The special features and unique strengths of COMETBOARDS assist convergence and reduce the amount of CPU time used to solve the difficult optimization problems of aerospace industries. COMETBOARDS has been successfully used to solve a number of problems, including structural design of space station components, design of nozzle components of an air-breathing engine, configuration design of subsonic and supersonic aircraft, mixed flow turbofan engines, wave rotor topped engines, and so forth. This paper introduces the COMETBOARDS design tool and its versatility, which is illustrated by citing examples from structures, aircraft design, and air-breathing propulsion engine design.

  15. An EBA-Web based Application for Banking Information System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khaldoun M. Batiha

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In the current wake of growing technology and modernization the biggest challenge remains the optimization of our time, particularly for the business executives. For the executives the vital information at their fingertips plays an important role. In the computer era, there are many financial institutions like wise banks which provide web-based application to access all their functionalities associated with particular task. An Enterprise Bank Agent (EBA was developed, which resolves such problems being faced by user, it provides one window for that enables them to experience and enjoy the flavors of banking functionality. The key feature of this application was its ability to handle all registered Customers business requirements. In order to handle all customer services, it shall act as a smart answering machine.

  16. Study on Extenics Information Fusion Method and It's Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Zhong

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper makes analysis on theories of D-S evidential reasoning, rough sets, and extenic sets; and indicates that there are some similarities among the three theories in defining uncertainty sets. Therefore, it’s feasible to introduce relevant theories and methods of extenics into information fusion and a method of extenics fusion (MEF is presented as well. The method combines extenic correlation function with Dempster rule and is considered a good solution for problems of evidence collision and BPA function in information fusion method based on D-S evidential reasoning. The simulation test shows that MEF is better than the traditional D-S evidential reasoning and is applicable to assess all kinds of problems. Using the method of this paper to evaluate surface water in one area of Northern China, the results were consistent with the fact.

  17. Information theory of quantum systems with some hydrogenic applications

    CERN Document Server

    Dehesa, J S; Sánchez-Moreno, P S; Yáñez, R J

    2010-01-01

    The information-theoretic representation of quantum systems, which complements the familiar energy description of the density-functional and wave-function-based theories, is here discussed. According to it, the internal disorder of the quantum-mechanical non-relativistic systems can be quantified by various single (Fisher information, Shannon entropy) and composite (e.g. Cramer-Rao, LMC shape and Fisher-Shannon complexity) functionals of the Schr\\"odinger probability density. First, we examine these concepts and its application to quantum systems with central potentials. Then, we calculate these measures for hydrogenic systems, emphasizing their predictive power for various physical phenomena. Finally, some recent open problems are pointed out.

  18. Quantum mechanics with applications to nanotechnology and information science

    CERN Document Server

    Band, Yehuda B

    2013-01-01

    Quantum mechanics transcends and supplants classical mechanics at the atomic and subatomic levels. It provides the underlying framework for many subfields of physics, chemistry and materials science, including condensed matter physics, atomic physics, molecular physics, quantum chemistry, particle physics, and nuclear physics. It is the only way we can understand the structure of materials, from the semiconductors in our computers to the metal in our automobiles. It is also the scaffolding supporting much of nanoscience and nanotechnology. The purpose of this book is to present the fundamentals of quantum theory within a modern perspective, with emphasis on applications to nanoscience and nanotechnology, and information-technology. As the frontiers of science have advanced, the sort of curriculum adequate for students in the sciences and engineering twenty years ago is no longer satisfactory today. Hence, the emphasis on new topics that are not included in older reference texts, such as quantum information th...

  19. GENERALIZED VARIATIONAL PRINCIPLES OF THE VISCOELASTIC BODY WITH VOIDS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛东发; 程昌钧; 扶名福

    2004-01-01

    From the Boltzmann's constitutive law of viscoelastic materials and the linear theory of elastic materials with voids, a constitutive model of generalized force fields for viscoelastic solids with voids was given. By using the variational integral method, the convolution-type functional was given and the corresponding generalized variational principles and potential energy principle of viscoelastic solids with voids were presented. It can be shown that the variational principles correspond to the differential equations and the initial and boundary conditions of viscoelastic body with voids. As an application, a generalized variational principle of viscoelastic Timoshenko beams with damage was obtained which corresponds to the differential equations of generalized motion and the initial and boundary conditions of beams. The variational principles provide a way for solving problems of viscoelastic solids with voids.

  20. Twitter: An Application to Encourage Information Seeking Among Nursing Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waldrop, Julee; Wink, Diane

    2016-01-01

    Twitter is a social networking application that has seen limited evaluation in nursing education. The aim of this study was to determine if Twitter could be used to stimulate further exploration about current clinical and professional topics with nurse practitioner students. The students used Twitter to receive tweets on clinical and professional topics from the instructor throughout the semester: 75% demonstrated willingness to follow the links in the tweets to seek more information, and 87% expressed a desire to receive the tweets even after the semester was over. PMID:26673316

  1. A proposed Applications Information System - Concept, implementation, and growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mcconnell, Dudley G.; Hood, Carroll A.; Butera, M. Kristine

    1987-01-01

    This paper describes a newly developed concept within NASA for an Applications Information System (AIS). The AIS would provide the opportunity to the public and private sectors of shared participation in a remote sensing research program directed to a particular set of land-use or environmental problems. Towards this end, the AIS would offer the technological framework and information system resources to overcome many of the deficiencies that end-users have faced over the years such as limited access to data, delay in data delivery, and a limited access to data reduction algorithms and models to convert data to geophysical measurements. In addition, the AIS will take advantage of NASA developments in networking among information systems and use of state of the art technology, such as CD Roms and optical disks for the purpose of increasing the scientific benefits of applied environmental research. The rationale for the establishment of an AIS, a methodology for a step-wise, modular implementation, and the relationship of the AIS to other NASA information systems are discussed.

  2. Information Skills Survey: Its Application to a Medical Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Clark

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective ‐ To investigate the validity and reliability of the Information Skills Survey for Assessment of Information Literacy in Higher Education (CAUL ISS (Catts, “Administration Manual” for identifying the information literacy skills of first and fourth‐year medical students. The CAUL ISS is a standardised, 20 item self‐report inventory of information literacy skills of higher education students. It exists in two forms, namely a generic form and a law discipline specific form. This paper is concerned with the suitability of the generic form ofthe survey for use with medical students.Methods ‐ The generic form of the CAUL ISS was administered to 86 first‐year and 120 fourth‐year medical students and the reliabilities were computed. In addition, students were asked to respond to two open‐ended questions about their information literacy. Subsequently, having noted that the fourth‐year students rated themselves significantly more severely on seven of the 20 items, four of this cohort were interviewed to identify the extent to which the CAUL ISS addressed the range of their techniques for information use and to identify any specific content validity issues in the application of the CAUL ISS scale to this population.Results ‐ The reliability of the CAUL ISS was confirmed for both years, but the evidence from an analysis of the individual items and from the open‐ended questions and the interviews indicated that the fourth‐year students adopt a wider range of information gathering techniques, appropriate to their clinical experience than measured by the survey. The CAUL ISS demonstrated content validity for first‐year students but its scope was not sufficient for content validity for fourth‐year students. Further investigations are required todetermine the full scope of competencies required for content validity with the fourth‐year cohort.Conclusion‐ The evidence suggests that the generic form of the CAUL ISS is

  3. 76 FR 16614 - Magnuson-Stevens Act Provisions; General Provisions for Domestic Fisheries; Application for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-24

    ... Fishery Management Councils' Monkfish RSA Program. The project proposes to use archival tagging and age... INFORMATION: An application for an EFP was submitted by the Gulf of Maine Research Institute (GMRI) on... objectives of the Monkfish Fishery Management Plan (FMP). However, further review and consultation may...

  4. 75 FR 19938 - Magnuson-Stevens Act Provisions; General Provisions for Domestic Fisheries; Application for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-16

    ... INFORMATION: An application for an EFP was submitted by the Gulf of Maine Research Institute on February 16, 2010, for a project selected under the New England and Mid-Atlantic Fishery Management Councils... would be consistent with the goals and objectives of the Monkfish Fishery Management Plan (FMP)....

  5. Role of general practice in the utilisation of the NSW Get Healthy Information and Coaching Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Hara, Blythe J; Phongsavan, Philayrath; Rissel, Chris; Hardy, Louise L; Zander, Alexis; Greenaway, Mark; Bauman, Adrian E

    2015-01-01

    A lifestyle-modification telephone-based service is delivered in New South Wales (NSW; the Get Healthy Information and Coaching Service (GHS)) as an important obesity-prevention, population-wide program. The present study examined referrals from general practitioners (GP) versus self-referral to the GHS in terms of risk profile and effectiveness of outcomes. The study used a pre-post test design to assess changes in outcomes within the setting of a telephone-based lifestyle-support service available to NSW adults (18+ years) who self-referred or were referred by their health practitioner and/or GP, and registered for the GHS between February 2009 and August 2013 (n = 22 183). The GHS has two service components: (1) the provision of an information kit (one off contact) on healthy eating, being physically active and achieving and/or maintaining a healthy weight; and (2) a 6-month coaching program that includes 10 telephone calls aimed at achieving and maintaining lifestyle-related goals. Sociodemographic characteristics, referral source and self-reported anthropometric (height, waist and waist circumference (WC)) and behavioural risk factor (physical activity and nutrition-related behaviours) data were collected at baseline and at 6 months. Analysis revealed that GPs effectively recruited hard-to-reach subtargets, as well as adults who are obese and have an increased WC risk. Participants in the GHS coaching program, irrespective of GHS referral source, reported a mean weight loss of -3.8 kg, a decrease in WC of -5.0 cm and increases in both fruit and vegetable consumption and physical activity. In conclusion, GPs have an important role in GHS uptake (through proactive referral or as an adjunct to practice-based interventions) because they can recruit those most at need and facilitate improvements in their patients' risk factor profiles.

  6. Information System in General Survey of Geographic Conditions Primary Study on Application of ArcGIS 10.1 Geographic%ArcGIS 10.1地理信息系统在地理国情普查项目中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仉海玲; 杨立国; 初晓炜

    2015-01-01

    结合正在开展的全国第一次地理国情普查工作,针对地理国情普查内业数据生产的特点,充分利用 ArcGIS 10.1强大的数据管理功能,辅以使用一些开放的软件,对国情普查内业作业进行了一系列的研究和改进,特别是对国情普查中数据类型转换、内业数据采集、外业解译样本照片的批量载入等方面进行了开发与应用。此应用不仅为单位节省了大量的资金投入,提高了内业数据生产的效率与质量,而且易于实现、操作简单,可广泛应用于其他测绘工程。%Combining with the first national survey of general geographic conditions,according to the char-acteristics of interior datas,by using powerful data management function of ArcGIS 10.1,supplementing the use of open software,a series of study and promotion of the interior work in national surveying have been carried out,including development and application of data type conversion,acquisition of interior da-tas and interpretation of photo loading.This application can not only save a large amount of capital invest-ment for the institute,but also improve the efficiency and quality of data in interior work.It is easy to real-ize and operate.Thus,it can be widely applied in surveying and mapping engineers.

  7. State Estimator Design of Generalized Liu Systems with Application to Secure Communication and Its Circuit Realization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yeong-Jeu Sun

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The generalized Liu system is firstly introduced and the state observation problem of such a system is explored. A simple state estimator for the generalized Liu system is developed to guarantee the global exponential stability of the resulting error system. Applications of proposed state estimator strategy to chaotic secure communication, circuit implementation, and numerical simulations are provided to show the effectiveness and feasibility of the obtained results. Besides, the guaranteed exponential convergence rate of the proposed state estimator and that of the proposed chaotic secure communication can be precisely calculated.

  8. New Generalizations of Migdal-Kadanoff Bond-Moving Recursion Procedures and Their Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春阳; 杨文献; 闫志伟; 杜红; 孔祥木; 张玉奇; 张凌宇

    2012-01-01

    Considering in symmetrical half-length bond operations,we present in this paper two types of newlydeveloped generalizations of the remarkable Migdal-Kadanoff bond-moving renormalization group transformation recursion procedures.The predominance in application of these generalized procedures are illustrated by making use of them to study the critical behavior of the spin-continuous Gaussian model constructed on the typical translational invariant lattices and fractals respectively.Results such as the correlation length critical exponents obtained by these means are found to be in good conformity with the classical results from other previous studies.

  9. 77 FR 76028 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Science Applications International Corporation and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ... AGENCY Access to Confidential Business Information by Science Applications International Corporation and... (EPA). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: EPA has authorized its contractor, Science Applications International... access information which has been submitted to EPA under all sections of the Toxic Substances Control...

  10. 75 FR 78238 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Science Applications International Corporation and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-15

    ... AGENCY Access to Confidential Business Information by Science Applications International Corporation and...: EPA has authorized its contractor, Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) of San Diego, CA, and Its Identified Subcontractors, to access information which has been submitted to EPA...

  11. 76 FR 44402 - Proposed Information Collection (Application for Automobile or Other Conveyance and Adaptive...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-25

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Application for Automobile or Other Conveyance and Adaptive...' eligibility for automobile adaptation equipment or other conveyance allowance. DATES: Written comments and... techniques or the use of other forms of information technology. Title: Application for Automobile or...

  12. Is mass media beneficial or not for the information of the general public?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stavinschi, M.; Mosoia, C.

    2005-11-01

    The International Year of Physics reminds us, among other things, of the way in which Einstein became famous. In spite of all his remarkable scientific results, without the contribution of the press he would not have become so well known in the entire world as he was and continues to be after a century. And he is not the unique example of celebrity due to mass media (see Carl Sagan or Stephen Hawking). In 1969 the first man stepped on the Moon. It was maybe the first cosmic event, which became famous due to a live TV broadcast. Others followed, if we are to mention only the total solar eclipse of 1999 or Venus's transit of last year. Consequently, mass media can make a scientist famous, can also make an event understood and admired and can attract hundreds or maybe millions of people to science. The same mass media can also destroy a personality or an event. We shall give only two examples: the distrust of many people concerning the same Moon landing or the manipulation of millions of people by means of astrology. All this urges us to make a very thorough analysis of the way in which scientific information is communicated to the general public: well done, it can be beneficial; otherwise it may drive the new generations away from research, the understanding of the phenomena, the neglect of the environment and finally from the neglect and the destruction of our own planet.

  13. A General Stochastic Information Diffusion Model in Social Networks Based on Epidemic Diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamidreza Sotoodeh

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Social networks are an important infrastructure forinformation, viruses and innovations propagation.Since users’behavior has influenced by other users’ activity, some groups of people would be made regard to similarity of users’interests. On the other hand, dealing with many events in real worlds, can be justified in social networks; spreadingdisease is one instance of them. People’s manner and infection severity are more important parameters in dissemination of diseases. Both of these reasons derive, whether the diffusion leads to an epidemic or not. SIRS is a hybrid model of SIR and SIS disease models to spread contamination. A person in this model can be returned tosusceptible state after it removed. According to communities which are established on the social network, we use thecompartmental type of SIRS model. During this paper, a general compartmental information diffusion model wouldbe proposed and extracted some of the beneficial parameters to analyze our model. To adapt our model to realistic behaviors, we use Mark ovian model, which would be helpful to create a stochastic manner of the proposed model.In the case of random model, we can calculate probabilities of transaction between states and predicting value of each state. The comparison between two mode of themodel shows that, the prediction of population would beverified in each state.

  14. General aspects of effective field theories and few-body applications

    CERN Document Server

    Hammer, H -W

    2016-01-01

    Effective field theory provides a powerful framework to exploit a separation of scales in physical systems. In these lectures, we discuss some general aspects of effective field theories and their application to few-body physics. In particular, we consider an effective field theory for non-relativistic particles with resonant short-range interactions where certain parts of the interaction need to be treated nonperturbatively. As an application, we discuss the so-called pionless effective field theory for low-energy nuclear physics. The extension to include long-range interactions mediated by photon and pion-exchange is also addressed.

  15. Development and some applications of general purpose CAD/CAM/CAE system -IMAGE-

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    General purpose CAD/CAM/CAE system, named IMAGE (Interactive Modeling Aids for Graphics in Engineering), has been developed. This system is composed of several subsystems. Two modeling types are available, one is a wire frame model and the other is a surface model. CAD subsystems for drawings, piping and preliminary design, CAM subsystems for NC programming/nesting and CAE subsystems for FEM preprocessing are described. Three applications are described. The first application field is the boiler plant design, the second one the nuclear equipment engineering design and the third one the industrial machinery design. (author)

  16. Application of Rank Correlation, Clustering and Classification in Information Security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gleb Beliakov

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to experimental investigation of a novel application of a clustering technique introduced by the authors recently in order to use robust and stable consensus functions in information security, where it is often necessary to process large data sets and monitor outcomes in real time, as it is required, for example, for intrusion detection. Here we concentrate on a particular case of application to profiling of phishing websites. First, we apply several independent clustering algorithms to a randomized sample of data to obtain independent initial clusterings. Silhouette index is used to determine the number of clusters. Second, rank correlation is used to select a subset of features for dimensionality reduction. We investigate the effectiveness of the Pearson Linear Correlation Coefficient, the Spearman Rank Correlation Coefficient and the Goodman--Kruskal Correlation Coefficient in this application. Third, we use a consensus function to combine independent initial clusterings into one consensus clustering. Fourth, we train fast supervised classification algorithms on the resulting consensus clustering in order to enable them to process the whole large data set as well as new data. The precision and recall of classifiers at the final stage of this scheme are critical for the effectiveness of the whole procedure. We investigated various combinations of several correlation coefficients, consensus functions, and a variety of supervised classification algorithms.

  17. 7 CFR 170.9 - What type of information does the application require?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What type of information does the application require... type of information does the application require? The application for participation in the USDA Farmers Market will provide market management with information on contacts, farm location, type of...

  18. Generalized Additive Modelling of Mixed Distribution Markov Models with Application to Melbourne's Rainfall.

    OpenAIRE

    Hyndman, R. J.; Grunwald, G. K.

    1999-01-01

    We consider modelling time series using a generalized additive model with first- order Markov structure and mixed transition density having a discrete component at zero and a continuous component with positive sample space. Such models have application, for example, in modelling daily occurrence and intensity of rainfall, and in modelling the number and size of insurance claims. We show how these methods extend the usual sinusoidal seasonal assumption in standard chain- dependent models by as...

  19. Extended Auxiliary Equation Method and Its Applications to Three Generalized NLS Equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gui-qiong Xu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The auxiliary equation method proposed by Sirendaoreji is extended to construct new types of elliptic function solutions of nonlinear evolution equations. The effectiveness of the extended method is demonstrated by applications to the RKL model, the generalized derivative NLS equation and the Kundu-Eckhaus equation. Not only are the Jacobian elliptic function solutions are derived, but also the solitary wave solutions and trigonometric function solutions are obtained in a unified way.

  20. 40 CFR Table 1 to Subpart R of... - General Provisions Applicability to Subpart R

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Subpart R 1 Table 1 to Subpart R of Part 63 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Pipeline Breakout Stations) Pt. 63, Subpt. R, Table 1 Table 1 to Subpart R of Part 63—General Provisions Applicability to Subpart R Reference Applies to subpart R Comment 63.1(a)(1) Yes 63.1(a)(2) Yes 63.1(a)(3)...

  1. Generalized Second Law of Thermodynamics and Its Applications in Social Science

    OpenAIRE

    Wayne, James J.

    2014-01-01

    The arrow-of-time phenomena are everywhere in the physical world, biological systems, and human society. Despite its great importance in physics, the second law of thermodynamics can only successfully explain small percentages of these arrow-of-time phenomena in the physical world, and generally not applicable in biology and human society. For example, the powerful second law of thermodynamics can neither explain arrow-of-time phenomena like Darwin’s evolution in biological systems, nor the g...

  2. Extended Auxiliary Equation Method and Its Applications to Three Generalized NLS Equations

    OpenAIRE

    Gui-qiong Xu

    2014-01-01

    The auxiliary equation method proposed by Sirendaoreji is extended to construct new types of elliptic function solutions of nonlinear evolution equations. The effectiveness of the extended method is demonstrated by applications to the RKL model, the generalized derivative NLS equation and the Kundu-Eckhaus equation. Not only are the Jacobian elliptic function solutions are derived, but also the solitary wave solutions and trigonometric function solutions are obtained in a unified way.

  3. A New Class of Meromorphically Analytic Functions with Applications to the Generalized Hypergeometric Functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Firas Ghanim

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We introduce a new subclass of meromorphically analytic functions, which is defined by means of a Hadamard product (or convolution. A characterization property such as the coefficient bound is obtained for this class. The other related properties, which are investigated in this paper, include the distortion and the radius of starlikeness. We also consider several applications of our main results to the generalized hypergeometric functions.

  4. A General Delta-Nabla Calculus of Variations on Time Scales with Application to Economics

    OpenAIRE

    Dryl, Monika; Torres, Delfim F. M.

    2014-01-01

    We consider a general problem of the calculus of variations on time scales with a cost functional that is the composition of a certain scalar function with delta and nabla integrals of a vector valued field. Euler-Lagrange delta-nabla differential equations are proved, which lead to important insights in the process of discretization. Application of the obtained results to a firm that wants to program its production and investment policies to reach a given production rate and to maximize its ...

  5. 40 CFR Table 1 to Subpart Q of... - General Provisions Applicability to Subpart Q

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Subpart Q 1 Table 1 to Subpart Q of Part 63 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY.... 63, Subpt. Q, Table 1 Table 1 to Subpart Q of Part 63—General Provisions Applicability to Subpart Q Reference Applies to Subpart Q Comment 63.1 Yes 63.2 Yes 63.3 No 63.4 Yes 63.5 No 63.6 (a), (b), (c), and...

  6. Knowledge reductions in generalized incomplete information systems%广义不完备信息系统的知识约简

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申锦标; 吕跃进

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigated the generalized incomplete information systems in which lost and "do not care" unknown values were coexisting. Based on a new dual relation, studied approach to knowledge reduction in the generalized incomplete information systems. From the view point of the dual relation based rough set model, introduced the knowledge reductions and discernibility matrixes into the generalized incomplete information systems. Also obtained the judgment theorems and algorithm associated with these knowledge reductions. Finally, cited a real example to demonstrate that the knowledge reduction algorithm was feasible and effective to deal with the fuzzy and uncertain informations in generalized incomplete information systems. The research was meaningful both in the theory and in applications for the acquisition of knowledge in the complex incomplete information systems.%以同时具有丢失型和遗漏型未知属性值的广义不完备信息系统为研究对象,提出了一种新的二元关系,并基于此关系讨论了其中的知识约简问题.在广义不完备信息系统中,引入了约简、广义区分矩阵等概念,并给出了约简的判定定理和知识约简算法.最后,通过一个具体的例子,说明了约简算法在广义不完备信息系统中处理模糊和不确定性知识是可行、有效的,为从复杂的不完备信息系统中获取知识提供了新的理论基础与技术手段.

  7. A class of generalized Shannon-McMillan theorems for arbitrary discrete information source

    OpenAIRE

    WANG, Kangkang

    2011-01-01

    In this study, a class of strong limit theorems for the relative entropy densities of random sum of arbitrary information source are discussed by constructing the joint distribution and nonnegative super martingales. As corollaries, some Shannon-McMillan theorems for arbitrary information source, mth-order Markov information source and non-memory information source are obtained and some results for the discrete information source which have been obtained by authors are extended.

  8. Misery Index Corrected by Informality: Applicable to Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josefa Ramoni Perazzi

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper suggests a variation of the IMO index (Okun's Misery Index, adapting it to markets with these characteristics, adding the ESI level (Employment in the Informal Sector to the unemployment level. This research compares the evolution of several standard misery indexes in several zones during the last decades, with emphasis on the case of Venezuela, for which the new proposed index is also estimated. Results show improvement in the well-being of groups of countries under study, compared to the deterioration of the indicator in Venezuela. In general terms, the IMO is controlled by unemployment, except in Venezuela. However, preponderance of inflation over unemployment in this country seems to occur by the underestimate that the unemployment rate has on the Venezuelan labor market situation.

  9. [Mobile applications for the health sector: apps to support scientific information and medical practice].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poltronieri, Elisabetta; Barbaro, Annarita; Gentili, Donatella; Napolitani, Federica

    2013-01-01

    The market of mobile applications (apps) and wireless technology infrastructures is rapidly widening and diversifying to better meet users' needs. Over the last few years, the use of mobile technologies and applications has been increasingly expanding in many professional fields. Research and academic institutions, hospitals, and drug companies are heavily investing in this sector, also in Italy, even though the offer seems to be still limited at the moment. As far as the industry of scientific publishing is concerned, the main Italian publishing groups show an increasing interest in developing apps aiming at spreading their own products, following the example of international publishing companies. The purpose of this paper is to provide a general overview of the mobile applications and services available in the domain of scientific information relating to health disciplines and medical practice, especially within the Italian context. This study intends to inform professionals and users in the health sector about the benefits offered by the mobile technology, and to help them to become familiar with these tools. The two main online markets (iTunes and Google Play) have been analysed; search engines for apps and Italian STM publishers' websites have also been considered. Within this fast moving scenery, innovation is supported by the pressing demand for mobile access technology which has increased enormously. Not surprisingly, the most promising target of mobile technology is represented by scientific information tools relating to health. PMID:23585438

  10. Generalized moist potential vorticity and its application in the analysis of atmospheric flows

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Linus A.Mofor; Chungu Lu

    2009-01-01

    Potential vorticity(PV)serves as an important dynamic tracer for large-scale motions in the atmosphere and oceans.Significant pro-gress has been made on the understanding and application of PV since the work of Hoskins et al,who introduced an"IPV thinking"of a dynamical system in a purely dry atmosphere.In particular,there has been a substantial amount of work done on the PV in a general moist atmosphere.In this paper,the generalized moist potential vorticity(GMPV)and its application in the mesoscale meteorological fields are reviewed.The GMPV is derived for a real atmosphere(neither completely dry nor saturated)by introducing a generalized potential temperature instead of the potential temperature or equivalent potential temperature.Such a generalization can depict the moist effect on PV anomaly in the non-uniformly saturated atmosphere.The effect of mass forcing induced by rainfall on the anomaly of GMPV is also reviewed and a new dynamic variable,the convective vorticity vector(CVV),is introduced in connection with GMPV.2008 National Natural Science Foundation of China and Chinese Academy of Sciences.Published by Elsevier Limited and Science in China Press.All rights reserved.

  11. 49 CFR 260.25 - Additional information for Applicants not having a credit rating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Additional information for Applicants not having a... Financial Assistance § 260.25 Additional information for Applicants not having a credit rating. Each application submitted by Applicants not having a recent credit rating from one or more nationally...

  12. Semantic Technology Application for Collective Knowledge and Information Management: Prospective Consumer Needs Identification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilma Pranciulytė-Bagdziunienė

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Increasing the global flow of information forms qualitatively new complex information processing and filing requirements. The flow of information, data and knowledge manages the various activities of the original search for technological solutions. Very abundant and rapidly growing technology solutions groups are based on semantic technologies. Therefore, this article aims to provide user access needs for producing perspective survey methodology and the empirical study is based on the prospective development of innovative product lines. This article is formed based on the recommendations of the semantics of the applicability of technology development to business end users, public administration, organization of information flows the value of the generation of knowledge—based on environment and development issues. At a practical level, based on empirical evidence substantiates the semantics it is based on technology solutions for organizations in the integration of business processes, which can become the modern aspect of the success factors of the value of domestic and global market and facilitate the diffusion of innovation. The field of qualitative research has revealed the final consumer habits and problems of information search, organization, grouping aspects. Secondly, the study determined the idea of the necessity of technology in business processes, innovation generation and diffusion of knowledge issues aspects. Third, the authors submit proposals based on the semantics of the applicability of technology development opportunities in the business. Finally—users, public administrations and their mutual interaction activities. ST applicability of these segments may occur based on ST integration of IT systems in organizations, the general structure of existing products or used as a service by buying them from outside suppliers. It is important to emphasize that the ST innovative methods to ensure successful use of advanced, modern

  13. Semantic Technology Application for Collective Knowledge and Information Management: Prospective Consumer Needs Identification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilma Pranciulytė-Bagdziunienė

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Increasing the global flow of information forms qualitatively new complex information processing and filing requirements. The flow of information, data and knowledge manages the various activities of the original search for technological solutions. Very abundant and rapidly growing technology solutions groups are based on semantic technologies. Therefore, this article aims to provide user access needs for producing perspective survey methodology and the empirical study is based on the prospective development of innovative product lines.This article is formed based on the recommendations of the semantics of the applicability of technology development to business end users, public administration, organization of information flows the value of the generation of knowledge—based on environment and development issues. At a practical level, based on empirical evidence substantiates the semantics it is based on technology solutions for organizations in the integration of business processes, which can become the modern aspect of the success factors of the value of domestic and global market and facilitate the diffusion of innovation. The field of qualitative research has revealed the final consumer habits and problems of information search, organization, grouping aspects. Secondly, the study determined the idea of the necessity of technology in business processes, innovation generation and diffusion of knowledge issues aspects. Third, the authors submit proposals based on the semantics of the applicability of technology development opportunities in the business. Finally—users, public administrations and their mutual interaction activities.ST applicability of these segments may occur based on ST integration of IT systems in organizations, the general structure of existing products or used as a service by buying them from outside suppliers. It is important to emphasize that the ST innovative methods to ensure successful use of advanced, modern

  14. Climate information for the application of solar energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In view of population growth, industrialization and urbanization which provoked increasing energy demand there has been an increasing interest in developing new technologies that use various renewable energy sources and have less environmental impact, such as solar, wind, tidal and biomass. Solar energy is one of the energy resources with a wide geographical distribution. Nowadays, its contribution to the world's energy supply is very small, but it is considered an important long term option which will satisfy, together with conventional energy sources, the future energy needs of the world. The main objective of this work is to report the actual uses of the principal types of solar energy systems, based on their climatic, technological and economical context. This is to improve the dissemination of information on the application of climate knowledge and data, especially by national meteorological services, with the purpose to improve the planning, design and operation of solar energy systems, as well as facilitate their more widespread use

  15. Some applications of uncertainty relations in quantum information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majumdar, A. S.; Pramanik, T.

    2016-08-01

    We discuss some applications of various versions of uncertainty relations for both discrete and continuous variables in the context of quantum information theory. The Heisenberg uncertainty relation enables demonstration of the Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen (EPR) paradox. Entropic uncertainty relations (EURs) are used to reveal quantum steering for non-Gaussian continuous variable states. EURs for discrete variables are studied in the context of quantum memory where fine-graining yields the optimum lower bound of uncertainty. The fine-grained uncertainty relation is used to obtain connections between uncertainty and the nonlocality of retrieval games for bipartite and tripartite systems. The Robertson-Schrödinger (RS) uncertainty relation is applied for distinguishing pure and mixed states of discrete variables.

  16. Sensor fusion by pseudo information measure: a mobile robot application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asharif, Mohammad Reza; Moshiri, Behzad; HoseinNezhad, Reza

    2002-07-01

    In any autonomous mobile robot, one of the most important issues to be designed and implemented is environment perception. In this paper, a new approach is formulated in order to perform sensory data integration for generation of an occupancy grid map of the environment. This method is an extended version of the Bayesian fusion method for independent sources of information. The performance of the proposed method of fusion and its sensitivity are discussed. Map building simulation for a cylindrical robot with eight ultrasonic sensors and mapping implementation for a Khepera robot have been separately tried in simulation and experimental works. A new neural structure is introduced for conversion of proximity data that are given by Khepera IR sensors to occupancy probabilities. Path planning experiments have also been applied to the resulting maps. For each map, two factors are considered and calculated: the fitness and the augmented occupancy of the map with respect to the ideal map. The length and the least distance to obstacles were the other two factors that were calculated for the routes that are resulted by path planning experiments. Experimental and simulation results show that by using the new fusion formulas, more informative maps of the environment are obtained. By these maps more appropriate routes could be achieved. Actually, there is a tradeoff between the length of the resulting routes and their safety and by choosing the proper fusion function, this tradeoff is suitably tuned for different map building applications. PMID:12160343

  17. Sensor fusion by pseudo information measure: a mobile robot application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asharif, Mohammad Reza; Moshiri, Behzad; HoseinNezhad, Reza

    2002-07-01

    In any autonomous mobile robot, one of the most important issues to be designed and implemented is environment perception. In this paper, a new approach is formulated in order to perform sensory data integration for generation of an occupancy grid map of the environment. This method is an extended version of the Bayesian fusion method for independent sources of information. The performance of the proposed method of fusion and its sensitivity are discussed. Map building simulation for a cylindrical robot with eight ultrasonic sensors and mapping implementation for a Khepera robot have been separately tried in simulation and experimental works. A new neural structure is introduced for conversion of proximity data that are given by Khepera IR sensors to occupancy probabilities. Path planning experiments have also been applied to the resulting maps. For each map, two factors are considered and calculated: the fitness and the augmented occupancy of the map with respect to the ideal map. The length and the least distance to obstacles were the other two factors that were calculated for the routes that are resulted by path planning experiments. Experimental and simulation results show that by using the new fusion formulas, more informative maps of the environment are obtained. By these maps more appropriate routes could be achieved. Actually, there is a tradeoff between the length of the resulting routes and their safety and by choosing the proper fusion function, this tradeoff is suitably tuned for different map building applications.

  18. Extraction of spatial information for low-bandwidth telerehabilitation applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kok Kiong Tan, PhD

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Telemedicine applications, based on two-dimensional (2D video conferencing technology, have been around for the past 15 to 20 yr. They have been demonstrated to be acceptable for face-to-face consultations and useful for visual examination of wounds and abrasions. However, certain telerehabilitation assessments need the use of spatial information in order to accurately assess the patient’s condition and sending three-dimensional video data over low-bandwidth networks is extremely challenging. This article proposes an innovative way of extracting the key spatial information from the patient’s movement during telerehabilitation assessment based on 2D video and then presenting the extracted data by using graph plots alongside the video to help physicians in assessments with minimum burden on existing video data transfer. Some common rehabilitation scenarios are chosen for illustrations, and experiments are conducted based on skeletal tracking and color detection algorithms using the Microsoft Kinect sensor. Extracted data are analyzed in detail and their usability discussed.

  19. Using information to deliver safer care: a mixed-methods study exploring general practitioners’ information needs in North West London primary care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolaos Mastellos

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background The National Health Service in England has given increasing priority to improving inter-professional communication, enabling better management of patients with chronic conditions and reducing medical errors through effective use of information. Despite considerable efforts to reduce patient harm through better information usage, medical errors continue to occur, posing a serious threat to patient safety.Objectives This study explores the range, quality and sophistication of existing information systems in primary care with the aim to capture what information practitioners need to provide a safe service and identify barriers to its effective use in care pathways.Method Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with general practitioners from surgeries in North West London and a survey evaluating their experience with information systems in care pathways.Results Important information is still missing, specifically discharge summaries detailing medication changes and changes in the diagnosis and management of patients, blood results ordered by hospital specialists and findings from clinical investigations. Participants identified numerous barriers, including the communication gap between primary and secondary care, the variable quality and consistency of clinical correspondence and the inadequate technological integration.Conclusion Despite attempts to improve integration and information flow in care pathways, existing systems provide practitioners with only partial access to information, hindering their ability to take informed decisions. This study offers a framework for understanding what tools should be in place to enable effective use of information in primary care. 

  20. New insights into the application of geographical information systems and remote sensing in veterinary parasitology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Rinaldi

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Over the past 10-15 years, significant advances have been made in the development and application of geographical information systems (GIS and remote sensing (RS. In veterinary sciences, particularly in veterinary parasitology, GIS and RS offer powerful means for disease mapping, ecological analysis and epidemiological surveillance and have become indispensable tools for processing, analysing and visualising spatial data. They can also significantly assist with the assessment of the distribution of health-relevant environmental factors via interpolation and modelling. In this review, we first summarize general aspects of GIS and RS, and emphasize the most important applications of these tools in veterinary parasitology, including recent advances in territorial sampling. Disease mapping, spatial statistics, including Bayesian inference, ecological analyses and epidemiological surveillance are summarized in the next section and illustrated with a set of figures. Finally, a set of conclusions is put forward.

  1. Application for certification 1993 model year light-duty vehicles - General Motors Corporation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-01-01

    Every year, each manufacturer of passenger cars, light-duty trucks, motorcycles, or heavy-duty engines submits to EPA an application for certification. In the application, the manufacturer gives a detailed technical description of the vehicles or engines he intends to market during the upcoming model year. These engineering data include explanations and/or drawings which describe engine/vehicle parameters such as basic engine design, fuel systems, ignition systems and exhaust and evaporative emission control systems. It also provides information on emission test procedures, service accumulation procedures, fuels to be used, and proposed maintenance requirements to be followed during testing. Section 16 of the application contains the results of emission testing, a statement of compliance to the regulations, production engine parameters, and a Summary Sheet Input Form on which issuance of a Certificate of Conformity is based.

  2. 广义类W态的量子Fisher信息%Quantum Fisher Information of General W-class State

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳坤

    2012-01-01

    We investigate the quantum Fisher information of general W-class state.It is shown that the quantum Fisher information is only dependent on the superposition coefficients and is independent of the relative phase.%研究了广义类W态的量子Fisher信息。结果表明,量子Fisher信息的大小仅仅只由叠加系数决定,而与相对相位的大小无关。

  3. Multi-photon entanglement and applications in quantum information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this thesis, two new linear optics networks are introduced and their application for several quantum information tasks is presented. Spontaneous parametric down conversion, is used in different configurations to provide the input states for the networks. The first network is a new design of a controlled phase gate which is particularly interesting for applications in multi-photon experiments as it constitutes an improvement of former realizations with respect to stability and reliability. This is explicitly demonstrated by employing the gate in four-photon experiments. In this context, a teleportation and entanglement swapping protocol is performed in which all four Bell states are distinguished by means of the phase gate. A similar type of measurement applied to the subsystem parts of two copies of a quantum state, allows further the direct estimation of the state's entanglement in terms of its concurrence. Finally, starting from two Bell states, the controlled phase gate is applied for the observation of a four photon cluster state. The analysis of the results focuses on measurement based quantum computation, the main usage of cluster states. The second network, fed with the second order emission of non-collinear type ii spontaneous parametric down conversion, constitutes a tunable source of a whole family of states. Up to now the observation of one particular state required one individually tailored setup. With the network introduced here many different states can be obtained within the same arrangement by tuning a single, easily accessible experimental parameter. These states exhibit many useful properties and play a central role in several applications of quantum information. Here, they are used for the solution of a four-player quantum Minority game. It is shown that, by employing four-qubit entanglement, the quantum version of the game clearly outperforms its classical counterpart. Experimental data obtained with both networks are utilized to demonstrate

  4. Multi-photon entanglement and applications in quantum information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmid, Christian I.T.

    2008-05-30

    In this thesis, two new linear optics networks are introduced and their application for several quantum information tasks is presented. Spontaneous parametric down conversion, is used in different configurations to provide the input states for the networks. The first network is a new design of a controlled phase gate which is particularly interesting for applications in multi-photon experiments as it constitutes an improvement of former realizations with respect to stability and reliability. This is explicitly demonstrated by employing the gate in four-photon experiments. In this context, a teleportation and entanglement swapping protocol is performed in which all four Bell states are distinguished by means of the phase gate. A similar type of measurement applied to the subsystem parts of two copies of a quantum state, allows further the direct estimation of the state's entanglement in terms of its concurrence. Finally, starting from two Bell states, the controlled phase gate is applied for the observation of a four photon cluster state. The analysis of the results focuses on measurement based quantum computation, the main usage of cluster states. The second network, fed with the second order emission of non-collinear type ii spontaneous parametric down conversion, constitutes a tunable source of a whole family of states. Up to now the observation of one particular state required one individually tailored setup. With the network introduced here many different states can be obtained within the same arrangement by tuning a single, easily accessible experimental parameter. These states exhibit many useful properties and play a central role in several applications of quantum information. Here, they are used for the solution of a four-player quantum Minority game. It is shown that, by employing four-qubit entanglement, the quantum version of the game clearly outperforms its classical counterpart. Experimental data obtained with both networks are utilized to

  5. Compilation and Management of Request for Information for the International General Contract Project%海外工程的RFI编制管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王力尚; 周康; 吴鸣; 朱建潮; 陈文刚

    2011-01-01

    在履行国际项目工程合同时,有可能出现技术问题,需要建筑施工承包商履行RFI报审程序.RFI即技术问题答疑,是海外工程施工中承包商向业主,监理获取技术信息,解决工程施工过程中遇到的技术问题的主要途径.重点对RFI的特点、适用范围、编制原理及应用流程进行阐述,并介绍了审批分类以及管理办法等.实践证明,RFI具有良好的经济和社会效益.%Contractors will implement process of request for information (RFI) due to technical problems in international general contract project. RFI is the main way for contractors to get information from the clients and supervisors for solving the technical problems. Authors describe the characteristics, application scopes, compilation theory and application process of RFI, as well as categories used by the engineer to evaluate RFI and management methods. The application shows that RFI for the international general contract project can gain good economic and social benefits.

  6. 78 FR 36244 - Information Collection; Proposed Collection for OMB Review; Comment Request: General Oil and Gas...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-17

    ... Request: General Oil and Gas and Sulphur and Production Requirements in the Outer Continental Shelf ACTION... Number: 1010-0114. Title: 30 CFR 550, Subpart A, General, and Subpart K, Oil and Gas Production..., and develop oil and natural gas resources in a manner that is consistent with the need to make...

  7. A General Information Theoretical Proof for the Second Law of Thermodynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Qi-Ren

    2006-01-01

    We show that the conservation and the non-additivity of the information, together with the additivity of the entropy make the entropy increase in an isolated system. The collapse of the entangled quantum state offers an example of the information non-additivity. Nevertheless, the later is also true in other fields, in which the interaction information is important. Examples are classical statistical mechanics, social statistics and financial processes. The second law of thermodynamics is thus...

  8. Privacy-Preserving Evaluation of Generalization Error and Its Application to Model and Attribute Selection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakuma, Jun; Wright, Rebecca N.

    Privacy-preserving classification is the task of learning or training a classifier on the union of privately distributed datasets without sharing the datasets. The emphasis of existing studies in privacy-preserving classification has primarily been put on the design of privacy-preserving versions of particular data mining algorithms, However, in classification problems, preprocessing and postprocessing— such as model selection or attribute selection—play a prominent role in achieving higher classification accuracy. In this paper, we show generalization error of classifiers in privacy-preserving classification can be securely evaluated without sharing prediction results. Our main technical contribution is a new generalized Hamming distance protocol that is universally applicable to preprocessing and postprocessing of various privacy-preserving classification problems, such as model selection in support vector machine and attribute selection in naive Bayes classification.

  9. A generalized simplest equation method and its application to the Boussinesq-Burgers equation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bilige Sudao

    Full Text Available In this paper, a generalized simplest equation method is proposed to seek exact solutions of nonlinear evolution equations (NLEEs. In the method, we chose a solution expression with a variable coefficient and a variable coefficient ordinary differential auxiliary equation. This method can yield a Bäcklund transformation between NLEEs and a related constraint equation. By dealing with the constraint equation, we can derive infinite number of exact solutions for NLEEs. These solutions include the traveling wave solutions, non-traveling wave solutions, multi-soliton solutions, rational solutions, and other types of solutions. As applications, we obtained wide classes of exact solutions for the Boussinesq-Burgers equation by using the generalized simplest equation method.

  10. A generalized simplest equation method and its application to the Boussinesq-Burgers equation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudao, Bilige; Wang, Xiaomin

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, a generalized simplest equation method is proposed to seek exact solutions of nonlinear evolution equations (NLEEs). In the method, we chose a solution expression with a variable coefficient and a variable coefficient ordinary differential auxiliary equation. This method can yield a Bäcklund transformation between NLEEs and a related constraint equation. By dealing with the constraint equation, we can derive infinite number of exact solutions for NLEEs. These solutions include the traveling wave solutions, non-traveling wave solutions, multi-soliton solutions, rational solutions, and other types of solutions. As applications, we obtained wide classes of exact solutions for the Boussinesq-Burgers equation by using the generalized simplest equation method.

  11. Application of generalized estimating equations to a study in vitro of radiation sensitivity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describes an application of the generalized estimating equation (GEE) method (Liang K-Y, Zeger SL: Longitudinal data analysis using generalized linear models. Biometrika 73:13-22, 1986) for regression analyses of correlated Poisson data. As an alternative to the use of an arbitrarily chosen working correlation matrix, we demonstrate the use of GEE with a reasonable model for the true covariance structure among repeated observations within individuals. We show that, under such a split-plot design with large clusters, the asymptotic relative efficiency of GEE with simple (independence or exchangeable) working correlation matrices is rather low. We also illustrate the use of GEE with an empirically estimated model for overdispersion in a large study of radiation sensitivity where cluster size is small and a simple working correlation structure is sufficient. We conclude by summarizing issues and needs for further work concerning efficiency of the GEE parameter estimates in practice. (author)

  12. Factors Affecting the Integration of Information Literacy in the Teaching and Learning Processes of General Education Courses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Therdsak Maitaouthong

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the factors affecting the integration of information literacy in the teaching and learning processes of general education courses at an undergraduate level, where information literacy is used as a tool in the student-centered teaching approach. The research was divided into two phases: (1 The study of factors affecting at a policy level – a qualitative research method conducted through an in-depth interview of the vice president for academic affairs and the Director of the General Education Management Center, and (2 The survey of factors affecting in the teaching and learning processes, which is concluded through the questioning of lecturers of general education courses, and librarians. The qualitative data was analyzed on content, and the quantitative data was analyzed through the use of descriptive statistics, weight of score prioritization and percentage. Two major categories were found to have an impact on integrating information literacy in the teaching and learning of general education courses at an undergraduate level. (1 Six factors at a policy level, namely, institutional policy, administrative structure and system, administrators’ roles, resources and infrastructures, learning resources and supporting programs, and teacher evaluation and development. (2 There are eleven instructional factors: roles of lecturers, roles of librarians, roles of learners, knowledge and understanding of information literacy of lecturers and librarians, cooperation between librarians and lecturers, learning outcomes, teaching plans, teaching methods, teaching activities, teaching aids, and student assessment and evaluation.

  13. 77 FR 70792 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security/ALL-004 General Information Technology...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-27

    ... DHS/ALL-004 General Information Technology Access Account Records System of Records (73 FR 28139, May..., state and local, tribal, private and/ or corporate entities for the purpose of the regular exchange of... electronic images are stored on a storage area network in a secured environment. Records, whether paper...

  14. Biomedical Applications of the Information-efficient Spectral Imaging Sensor (ISIS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gentry, S.M.; Levenson, R.

    1999-01-21

    The Information-efficient Spectral Imaging Sensor (ISIS) approach to spectral imaging seeks to bridge the gap between tuned multispectral and fixed hyperspectral imaging sensors. By allowing the definition of completely general spectral filter functions, truly optimal measurements can be made for a given task. These optimal measurements significantly improve signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and speed, minimize data volume and data rate, while preserving classification accuracy. The following paper investigates the application of the ISIS sensing approach in two sample biomedical applications: prostate and colon cancer screening. It is shown that in these applications, two to three optimal measurements are sufficient to capture the majority of classification information for critical sample constituents. In the prostate cancer example, the optimal measurements allow 8% relative improvement in classification accuracy of critical cell constituents over a red, green, blue (RGB) sensor. In the colon cancer example, use of optimal measurements boost the classification accuracy of critical cell constituents by 28% relative to the RGB sensor. In both cases, optimal measurements match the performance achieved by the entire hyperspectral data set. The paper concludes that an ISIS style spectral imager can acquire these optimal spectral images directly, allowing improved classification accuracy over an RGB sensor. Compared to a hyperspectral sensor, the ISIS approach can achieve similar classification accuracy using a significantly lower number of spectral samples, thus minimizing overall sample classification time and cost.

  15. Approach to Generalized Synchronization with Application to Chaos-Based Secure Communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MIN Le-Quan; CHEN Guan-Rong; ZHANG Xiao-Dan; ZHANG Xiao-Hua; YANG Miao

    2004-01-01

    A constructive theorem is established for generalized synchronization(GS)related to C1 diffeomorphic transformations of unidirectionally coupled dynamical arrays.The theorem provides some interpretations about the underlying mechanism of various GS phenomena in nature.As a direct application of the theorem,a chaos-based secure Internet communication scheme is proposed.Moreover,a cellular neural network(CNN)of Chen's chaotic circuits with GS property is designed and studied.Numerical simulation shows that this Chen's CNN has high security and is fast and reliable for secure Internet communications.

  16. The construction of the generalized continuously variable two-mode entangled state and its application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The generalized continuous variable two-mode entangled state |〉 is proposed by using the tech-nique of integration within an ordered product (IWOP) of operators. The characteristics of this new entangled representation and its application in quantum teleportation are analyzed in detail. These results indicate that such real parameters |〉 indeed make up a new entangled representation owing to its completeness and orthogonal relation. By employing the |〉 as quantum transmission channel,the teleportation of any single-mode quantum state |ψ〉 3 can be realized by a unitary transformation.

  17. The Generalized Nuclear Contact and its Application to the Photoabsorption Cross-Section

    CERN Document Server

    Weiss, Ronen; Barnea, Nir

    2015-01-01

    Using the zero-range model, it was demonstrated recently that Levinger's quasi-deuteron model can be utilized to extract the nuclear neutron-proton contact. Going beyond the zero-range approximation and considering the full nuclear contact formalism, we rederive here the quasi-deuteron model for the nuclear photoabsorption cross-section and utilize it to establish relations and constrains for the general contact matrix. We also define and demonstrate the importance of the diagonalized nuclear contacts, which can be also relevant to further applications of the nuclear contacts.

  18. A New Formulation for General Relativistic Force-Free Electrodynamics and Its Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    We formulate the general relativistic force-free electrodynamics in a new 3+1 language. In this formulation, when we have properly defined electric and magnetic fields, the covariant Maxwell equations could be cast in the traditional form with new vacuum con stitutive constraint equations. The fundamental equation governing a stationary, axisymmet ric force-free black hole magnetosphere is derived using this formulation which recasts the Grad-Shafranov equation in a simpler way. Compared to the classic 3+1 system of Thorne and MacDonald, the new system of 3+1 equations is more suitable for numerical use for it keeps the hyperbolic structure of the electrodynamics and avoids the singularity at the event horizon. This formulation could be readily extended to non-relativistic limit and find applications in flat spacetime. We investigate its application to disk wind, black hole magnetosphere and solar physics in both flat and curved spacetime.

  19. The application of GPS time information in the telemetry ground station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    GPS time information is a kind of practicable information resource that can be shared all over the world. Now it is the most accurate wireless time information. The major of this paper is the application information of GPS time information in telemetry. The main point introduces how to make use of the GPS time information to produce GPS-IRIG-B time code for proving ground and how to send time information to related equipment in telemetry ground station

  20. 75 FR 4081 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; General Licensing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-26

    ... application for FDA review and approval before marketing a biological product in interstate commerce. Licenses... studies are not ethical or feasible. Section 601.91(b)(3) requires applicants to prepare and provide... part 601, subpart H when human efficacy studies are not ethical or feasible (or based on evidence...

  1. Study on Product Lifecycle Dynamic Information Modeling and Its Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Liang-cai; WANG Li-hui; ZHANG Yong

    2003-01-01

    The PLDIM (Product Lifecycle Dynamic Information Model) is the most important part of the PLDM (Product Lifecycle Dynamic Model ) and it is the basis to create the information system and to implement PLM (Product Lifecycle Management). The information classification, the relationships among all information items, PLDIM mathematic expression, information coding and the 3D synthetic description of the PLDIM are presented. The information flow and information system structure based on the two information centers and Internet/Intranet are proposed, and how to implement this system for ship diesel engines are also introduced according to the PLDIM and PLM solutions.

  2. 40 CFR 72.31 - Information requirements for Acid Rain permit applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Information requirements for Acid Rain... (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Acid Rain Permit Applications § 72.31 Information requirements for Acid Rain permit applications. A complete Acid Rain permit application shall include...

  3. 76 FR 40451 - Agency Information Collection (Application for Ordinary Life Insurance) Activity Under OMB Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-08

    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Application for Ordinary Life Insurance) Activity Under OMB Review... INFORMATION: Titles a. Application for Ordinary Life Insurance, Replacement Insurance for Modified Life Reduced at Age 65, National Service Life Insurance, VA Form 29-8485. b. Application for Ordinary...

  4. 75 FR 29969 - Information Collection; Volunteer Application for Natural Resources Agencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-28

    ... Forest Service Information Collection; Volunteer Application for Natural Resources Agencies AGENCY... Application for Natural Resources Agencies. DATES: Comments must be received in writing on or before July 27... INFORMATION: Title: Volunteer Application for Natural Resources Agencies. OMB Number: 0596-0080....

  5. 77 FR 45718 - Proposed Information Collection (Application for Voluntary Service); Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Application for Voluntary Service); Comment Request AGENCY... use of other forms of information technology. Title: Application for Voluntary Service, VA Form 10... certain information by the agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) of 1995, Federal agencies...

  6. 76 FR 41813 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Higher Education Grant Program Application; Request...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-15

    ... Bureau of Indian Affairs Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Higher Education Grant Program... collection of information for the Higher Education Grant Program Application. The information collection is... able to do so. III. Data OMB Control Number: 1076-0101. Title: Higher Education Grant Application,...

  7. Development and trial application for risk informed regulation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    JNES has been doing various activities to promote the introduction of Risk Informed Regulation (RIR) for nuclear power plants (NPPs) in Japan. Some applications are already incorporated, such as the regulatory review of Maintenance Programs, Significance Determination Process (SDP) and Accident Sequence Precursor (ASP) study. In consideration with the experience of the accident in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, JNES contributes to development of regulatory guidelines, evaluation of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, evaluation of effectiveness of accident management measures and so on with the background of insights and experiences on probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) and RIR. Especially, the experiences are applied to the design and construction arena and accident prevention. As for inspection and operation arena, JNES has improved the scope of assessment for importance analysis for Maintenance Program, SDP and RI-ISI in consideration with the insights of RIR in Japan and other countries. JNES brought forward the discussions on the near term plan for RIR due to activities related to the accident in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. (author)

  8. Spin torque nanooscillators: new applications in information processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macia, Ferran; Kent, Andrew D.; Hoppensteadt, Frank C.

    2013-03-01

    Nanonometer scale electrical contacts to ferromagnetic thin films (STNOs) can provide sufficient current densities to excite magnetic-moment dynamics resulting in emission of short wave-length spin waves. We discuss several applications of spin-wave patterns created from STNOs and their interaction with background oscillations. We review how to encode information in STNOs signals -modulating their amplitude, frequency or phase - and stability against noise. We first model arrays of STNOs in extended ferromagnetic thin films and define conditions to control spin-waves emission directions. We also study arrays of oscillators in patterned ferromagnetic thin films and we put forward a method to build an STNO lookup tables or an STNO based network analyzer. Using spin waves complements digital semiconductor technologies and offers new possibilities for increased memory capacity and computation performance. This work was supported by Marie Curie IOF 253214 and by ARO MURI Grant No. W911NF-08-1-0317 and NSF Grant No. ECS 07- 25280.

  9. Fabrication of Diamond Nanowires for Quantum Information Processing Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Hausmann, Birgit; Babinec, Tom; Zhang, Yinan; Martinick, Katie; McCutcheon, Murray; Hemmer, Phil; Loncar, Marko

    2009-01-01

    We present a design and a top-down fabrication method for realizing diamond nanowires in both bulk single crystal and polycrystalline diamond for quantum information processing (QIP) applications. Inductively coupled plasma (ICP) reactive ion etching (RIE) with oxygen is used to fabricate the nanowires. Drop-casted nanoparticles (including Au, SiO2 and Al2O3) as well as electron beam lithography defined spin-on glass and evaporated Au have been used as an etch mask. We found Al2O3 nanoparticles to be the most etch resistant and Au nanoparticles and evaporated Au to have the same etch rate of 25nm/min. FOx e-beam resist (spin-on glass) had an etch rate of 10nm/min and proved to be the most suitable etch mask based on our fabrication process. We were able to obtain nanowires with near vertical sidewalls in both polycrystalline and single crystal diamond. The heights and diameters of the polycrystalline nanowires presented in this paper are 1um and 120-340nm, respectively, having a 200nm/min etch rate. In the ca...

  10. Information Security Audit in e-business applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Electronic business (e-business are different than other business because it involves any commercial or business activity that takes place by means of electronic facilities (buy and selling online, including on the Internet, proprietary networks and home banking, instead of through direct physical exchange or contact. This system creates an environment that operates at a much greater speed than traditional methods and involves much less paper–based evidence of activities. These e-business related risks should not be considered in isolation but rather as part of the overall internal control framework of an entity. It is essential to identify and assess the risks associated with an e-business environment and management should develop an e-business strategy that identifies and addresses risks. The e-business Information Systems (IS audit is a critical component of the e-business plan. This paper tries to present a risk analysis for e-business applications in order to establish the IS audit particularities in this field.

  11. Applications of the Generalized X-ray Diffraction Enhanced Imaging in the Medical Imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maksimenko, Anton; Hashimoto, Eiko; Ando, Masami; Sugiyama, Hiroshi

    2007-01-01

    The X-ray Diffraction Enhanced Imaging (DEI) is the analyzer-based X-ray imaging technique which allows extraction of the "pure refraction" and "apparent absorption" contrasts from two images taken on the opposite sides of the rocking curve of the analyzing crystal. The refraction contrast obtained by this method shows many advantages over conventional absorption contrast. It was successfully applied in medicine, technique and other fields of science. However, information provided by the method is rather qualitative than quantitative. This happens because either side of the rocking curve of the analyzer is approximated as a straight line what limits the ranges of applicability and introduces additional error. One can easily overcome this problem considering the rocking curve as is instead of it's Taylor's expansion. This report is dedicated to the application of this idea in medical imaging and especially computed tomography based on the refraction contrast. The results obtained via both methods are presented and compared.

  12. Quantitative information measurement and application for machine component classification codes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Ling-Feng; TAN Jian-rong; LIU Bo

    2005-01-01

    Information embodied in machine component classification codes has internal relation with the probability distribution of the code symbol. This paper presents a model considering codes as information source based on Shannon's information theory. Using information entropy, it preserves the mathematical form and quantitatively measures the information amount of a symbol and a bit in the machine component classification coding system. It also gets the maximum value of information amount and the corresponding coding scheme when the category of symbols is fixed. Samples are given to show how to evaluate the information amount of component codes and how to optimize a coding system.

  13. Presentation note of the order project related to the general technical regulation applicable to INBs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document presents the scope of the order project which defines the main requirements applicable to INBs (base nuclear installations) in terms of protection of people and of the environment in front of risks of accident, of pollutions and other nuisances. More precisely, the document explains the scope of the several specific aspects addressed by this order: safety policy and management, accident risk management, management of nuisance and of the installation impact on population and on the environment, management and elimination of wastes and fuels spent by a base nuclear installation, management of emergency situations, population information, authorization request procedures, and other provisions

  14. Investigations into Generalization of Constraint-Based Scheduling Theories with Applications to Space Telescope Observation Scheduling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muscettola, Nicola; Smith, Steven S.

    1996-01-01

    This final report summarizes research performed under NASA contract NCC 2-531 toward generalization of constraint-based scheduling theories and techniques for application to space telescope observation scheduling problems. Our work into theories and techniques for solution of this class of problems has led to the development of the Heuristic Scheduling Testbed System (HSTS), a software system for integrated planning and scheduling. Within HSTS, planning and scheduling are treated as two complementary aspects of the more general process of constructing a feasible set of behaviors of a target system. We have validated the HSTS approach by applying it to the generation of observation schedules for the Hubble Space Telescope. This report summarizes the HSTS framework and its application to the Hubble Space Telescope domain. First, the HSTS software architecture is described, indicating (1) how the structure and dynamics of a system is modeled in HSTS, (2) how schedules are represented at multiple levels of abstraction, and (3) the problem solving machinery that is provided. Next, the specific scheduler developed within this software architecture for detailed management of Hubble Space Telescope operations is presented. Finally, experimental performance results are given that confirm the utility and practicality of the approach.

  15. SOCIAL AND ETHIC INFLUENCE OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS ON GENERAL SOCIAL STATE DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Zova

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available In this article the analysis of intercommunication of social and ethical aspects of the use of information networks is conducted and their influence on social development of the state is determined.

  16. Materials Information for Science and Technology (MIST): Project overview: Phase 1 and 2 and general considerations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grattidge, W.; Westbrook, J.; McCarthy, J.; Northrup, C. Jr.; Rumble, J. Jr.

    1986-11-01

    The National Bureau of Standards and the Department of Energy have embarked on a program to build a demonstration computerized materials data system called Materials Information for Science and Technology (MIST). This report documents the first two phases of the project. The emphasis of the first phase was on determining what information was needed and how it could impact user productivity. The second phase data from the Aerospace Metal Handbook on a set of alloys was digitized and incorporated in the system.

  17. Labor productivity growth, informal wage and capital mobility: A general equilibrium analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Marjit, Sugata; Kar, Saibal

    2007-01-01

    The recent growth experience in India highlights the role of skill-based service sector and productivity improvement rather than a significant rise in physical capital accumulation, which has only reached a new height very recently. In this context we study the possible impact of higher productivity of labor in the formal sector on the informal wage in an economy comprising of skilled and unskilled workers. More productive skilled workers depress informal wage in the short-run, but do not aff...

  18. The generalized Chapman—Richards function and applications to tree and stand growth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUZhao-gang; LIFeng-ri

    2003-01-01

    The generalized Chapman-Richards model was derived from the Chapman-Richards function in which parameters η,κ and m were unconstrained.Based on the structure of solutions and biological interpretations,the model could be classified into eight cases(three categories)at all and among them only 4 kinds of cases are suitable in forestry that represent four typical growth patterns of trees and stands.For each of 4 equations,the model properties and biological interpretations for parameters were discussed in detail.The generalized chapman-Richards model was capable of describing a wide range of growth curves that was asymptotic or nonasymptotic,with or without inflection point.In order to illustrate the versatility of the model,it was fitted to a group of data sets conceming the DBH growth of cryptomeria plantations with 4 initial densities and the DBH and height growth of natural Korean pine tree.Comparing the generalized Chapman-Richards function and the Sohnute model,it was found that the parameters and expressions of the two modets were interchangeable in theory,and the fitting results were explicitly identical in empirical applications.

  19. Application of the Hyper-Poisson Generalized Linear Model for Analyzing Motor Vehicle Crashes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khazraee, S Hadi; Sáez-Castillo, Antonio Jose; Geedipally, Srinivas Reddy; Lord, Dominique

    2015-05-01

    The hyper-Poisson distribution can handle both over- and underdispersion, and its generalized linear model formulation allows the dispersion of the distribution to be observation-specific and dependent on model covariates. This study's objective is to examine the potential applicability of a newly proposed generalized linear model framework for the hyper-Poisson distribution in analyzing motor vehicle crash count data. The hyper-Poisson generalized linear model was first fitted to intersection crash data from Toronto, characterized by overdispersion, and then to crash data from railway-highway crossings in Korea, characterized by underdispersion. The results of this study are promising. When fitted to the Toronto data set, the goodness-of-fit measures indicated that the hyper-Poisson model with a variable dispersion parameter provided a statistical fit as good as the traditional negative binomial model. The hyper-Poisson model was also successful in handling the underdispersed data from Korea; the model performed as well as the gamma probability model and the Conway-Maxwell-Poisson model previously developed for the same data set. The advantages of the hyper-Poisson model studied in this article are noteworthy. Unlike the negative binomial model, which has difficulties in handling underdispersed data, the hyper-Poisson model can handle both over- and underdispersed crash data. Although not a major issue for the Conway-Maxwell-Poisson model, the effect of each variable on the expected mean of crashes is easily interpretable in the case of this new model. PMID:25385093

  20. OA applications for special and media collections. Processing information from audio and image files and iconic objects: museums and archives

    OpenAIRE

    Beneito, Ester; González, Luis-Millán; Peset, Fernanda; Ferrer-Sapena, Antonia; Aleixandre-Benavent, Rafael

    2010-01-01

    Currently the implementation of OAI-PMH is spreading to areas that were not originally developed. Initially data providers contained textual documents, generally from scientific literature. The first applications became in reaction of the Revolution of the Scientifics, which promoted free access to information. Today the landscape is undergoing by dramatic change. It is using this protocol to manage other materials, such as the heritage –historical press- or special media such as audio files,...

  1. Evaluation of a theory-informed implementation intervention for the management of acute low back pain in general medical practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    French, Simon D; McKenzie, Joanne E; O'Connor, Denise A;

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: This cluster randomised trial evaluated an intervention to decrease x-ray referrals and increase giving advice to stay active for people with acute low back pain (LBP) in general practice. Methods: General practices were randomised to either access to a guideline for acute LBP...... and 45 practices (59 GPs) to the intervention. The number of GPs available for analysis at 12 months varied by outcome due to missing confounder information; a minimum of 38 GPs were available from the intervention group, and a minimum of 40 GPs from the control group. For the behavioural constructs...

  2. Performance on Temporal Information Processing as an Index of General Intelligence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rammsayer, Thomas H.; Brandler, Susanne

    2007-01-01

    The relation between general intelligence (psychometric "g") and temporal resolution capacity of the central nervous system was examined by assessing performance on eight different temporal tasks in a sample of 100 participants. Correlational and principal component analyses suggested a unitary timing mechanism, referred to as temporal "g".…

  3. Reporting Child Abuse & Neglect in Alaska. Information for the General Public.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alaska State Library, Juneau.

    Everyone is responsible for the welfare of the children in our communities. Some persons, such as school teachers and peace officers, are required by law in Alaska to report known or suspected child abuse and neglect. The general public is also encouraged to report such knowledge or suspicions so that children can be protected and families can…

  4. Motion Pictures and Motion-Picture Equipment: A Handbook of General Information. Bulletin, 1919, No. 82

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, F. W.; Anderson, Carl

    1920-01-01

    Motion-picture films have come to be recognized quite generally as a valuable and practical means of instruction in schools, college, and universities and for clubs and societies organized for educational purposes. The number of persons making such use of them is now very large and constantly becoming larger. To all these, a handbook of general…

  5. 76 FR 24572 - Proposed Information Collection (Application for Ordinary Life Insurance) Activity: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-02

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Application for Ordinary Life Insurance) Activity: Comment... Insurance, Replacement Insurance for Modified Life Reduced at Age 65, National Service Life Insurance, VA Form 29-8485. b. Application for Ordinary Life Insurance, Replacement Insurance for Modified...

  6. 76 FR 44402 - Proposed Information Collection (Application for Dependency and Indemnity Compensation, Death...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-25

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Application for Dependency and Indemnity Compensation, Death... needed to determine entitlement to dependency and indemnity compensation (DIC), death pension and accrued.... Application for Dependency and Indemnity Compensation, Death Pension and Accrued Benefits by a...

  7. 78 FR 39717 - Reopening; Applications for New Awards; Training and Information for Parents of Children With...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-02

    ...--Parent Training and Information Centers AGENCY: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Department of Education. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice reopens the FY 2013 Parent Training and... the transmittal of applications. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: We are reopening the Parent Training...

  8. 78 FR 56649 - Information Collection; Volunteer Application and Agreement for Natural and Cultural Resources...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-13

    ... Application and Agreement for Natural and Cultural Resources Agencies. This Information Collection Request... for Natural and Cultural Resources Agencies. OMB Number: 0596-0080. Expiration Date of Approval... information is needed by participating natural resources agencies to manage agency volunteer...

  9. Computerized accounting for the dental office. Using horizontal applications general ledger software.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garsson, B

    1988-01-01

    Remember that computer software is designed for accrual accounting, whereas your business operates and reports income on a cash basis. The rules of tax law stipulate that professional practices may use the cash method of accounting, but if accrual accounting is ever used to report taxable income the government may not permit a switch back to cash accounting. Therefore, always consider the computer as a bookkeeper, not a substitute for a qualified accountant. (Your accountant will have readily accessible payroll and general ledger data available for analysis and tax reports, thanks to the magic of computer processing.) Accounts Payable reports are interfaced with the general ledger and are of interest for transaction detail, open invoice and cash flow analysis, and for a record of payments by vendor. Payroll reports, including check register and withholding detail are provided and interfaced with the general ledger. The use of accounting software expands the use of in-office computers to areas beyond professional billing and insurance form generation. It simplifies payroll recordkeeping; maintains payables details; integrates payables, receivables, and payroll with general ledger files; provides instantaneous information on all aspects of the business office; and creates a continuous "audit-trail" following the entering of data. The availability of packaged accounting software allows the professional business office an array of choices. The person(s) responsible for bookkeeping and accounting should choose carefully, ensuring that any system is easy to use, has been thoroughly tested, and provides at least as much control over office records as has been outlined in this article. PMID:3422198

  10. Analysis of the Information Quality of Korean Obesity-Management Smartphone Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Jeon, Eunjoo; Park, Hyeoun-Ae; Min, Yul Ha; Kim, Hyun-Young

    2014-01-01

    Objectives This study analyzed smartphone obesity-management applications developed in Korea and the quality of the information that they provide. Methods Obesity-management smartphone applications were searched using the keywords 'obesity + management,' 'weight + management,' 'weight + loss,' 'weight + exercise,' 'weight + diet,' 'weight + calories,' and 'diet,' with a search application programming interface (provided by Apple) between September 23 and September 27, 2013. These applications...

  11. 76 FR 61779 - Agency Information Collection (Application for Dependency and Indemnity Compensation, Death...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-05

    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Application for Dependency and Indemnity Compensation, Death...: a. Application for Dependency and Indemnity Compensation, Death Pension and Accrued Benefits by a Surviving Spouse or Child (Including Death Compensation if Applicable), VA Form 21-534. b. Application...

  12. 78 FR 53506 - Agency Information Collection (HUD/VA Addendum to Uniform Residential Loan Application) Activity...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ....rennie@va.gov . Please refer to ``OMB Control No. 2900-0144.'' SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: HUD/VA... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (HUD/VA Addendum to Uniform Residential Loan Application) Activity... information through www.Regulations.gov , or to Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office...

  13. Quantum Fisher Information of General GHZ-class State%广义类GHZ态的量子Fisher信息

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳坤

    2016-01-01

    研究了广义类GHZ态的量子Fisher信息。结果表明,量子Fisher信息的大小仅仅只由叠加系数决定,而与相对相位的大小无关。%We investigate the quantum Fisher information of general W-class state. It is shown that the quantum Fisher information is only dependent on the superposition coefficients and is independ-ent of the relative phase.

  14. Information behavior versus communication: application models in multidisciplinary settings

    OpenAIRE

    Cecília Morena Maria da Silva; Jonathan Rosa Moreira; Juliana Rocha de Faria Silva

    2015-01-01

    This paper deals with the information behavior as support for models of communication design in the areas of Information Science, Library and Music. The communication models proposition is based on models of Tubbs and Moss (2003), Garvey and Griffith (1972), adapted by Hurd (1996) and Wilson (1999). Therefore, the questions arose: (i) what are the informational skills required of librarians who act as mediators in scholarly communication process and informational user behavior in the educatio...

  15. 78 FR 35273 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; General Licensing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ... new biological products contain data that are adequate to assess the safety and effectiveness of the... and advertisements for biological products as well as for prescription drugs and antibiotics. The... Service Act (42 U.S.C. 262), manufacturers of biological products must submit a license application...

  16. 75 FR 13745 - Office of Innovation and Improvement Overview Information; Ready To Teach Program-General...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-23

    ... the creation of new games, simulations, or other electronic applications that improve the academic... infrastructure, the Internet, and school digital networks, where available, to deliver video and data in an... significant portion of the benefits available for elementary schools and secondary schools from the...

  17. Critical review and hydrologic application of threshold detection methods for the generalized Pareto (GP) distribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamalakis, Antonios; Langousis, Andreas; Deidda, Roberto

    2016-04-01

    Estimation of extreme rainfall from data constitutes one of the most important issues in statistical hydrology, as it is associated with the design of hydraulic structures and flood water management. To that extent, based on asymptotic arguments from Extreme Excess (EE) theory, several studies have focused on developing new, or improving existing methods to fit a generalized Pareto (GP) distribution model to rainfall excesses above a properly selected threshold u. The latter is generally determined using various approaches, such as non-parametric methods that are intended to locate the changing point between extreme and non-extreme regions of the data, graphical methods where one studies the dependence of GP distribution parameters (or related metrics) on the threshold level u, and Goodness of Fit (GoF) metrics that, for a certain level of significance, locate the lowest threshold u that a GP distribution model is applicable. In this work, we review representative methods for GP threshold detection, discuss fundamental differences in their theoretical bases, and apply them to 1714 daily rainfall records from the NOAA-NCDC open-access database, with more than 110 years of data. We find that non-parametric methods that are intended to locate the changing point between extreme and non-extreme regions of the data are generally not reliable, while methods that are based on asymptotic properties of the upper distribution tail lead to unrealistically high threshold and shape parameter estimates. The latter is justified by theoretical arguments, and it is especially the case in rainfall applications, where the shape parameter of the GP distribution is low; i.e. on the order of 0.1 ÷ 0.2. Better performance is demonstrated by graphical methods and GoF metrics that rely on pre-asymptotic properties of the GP distribution. For daily rainfall, we find that GP threshold estimates range between 2÷12 mm/d with a mean value of 6.5 mm/d, while the existence of quantization in the

  18. GENERAL INFORMATION AND MAIN CHARACTERISTICS REGARDING WEB SERVICES. PROTOCOL SOAP AND REST

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MIRONELA PIRNAU

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available A web service represents a communication interface offered by the server, through that the clients (programs on other systems may require different information. The customer may vary, may be present on the same computer server, may be in the same local n

  19. GENERAL INFORMATION AND MAIN CHARACTERISTICS REGARDING WEB SERVICES. PROTOCOL SOAP AND REST

    OpenAIRE

    MIRONELA PIRNAU

    2009-01-01

    A web service represents a communication interface offered by the server, through that the clients (programs on other systems) may require different information. The customer may vary, may be present on the same computer server, may be in the same local n

  20. The geometry of generalized force matching and related information metrics in coarse-graining of molecular systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kalligiannaki, Evangelia, E-mail: ekalligian@tem.uoc.gr [Department of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics, University of Crete, 70013 Heraklion (Greece); Harmandaris, Vagelis, E-mail: harman@uoc.gr [Department of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics, University of Crete, 70013 Heraklion (Greece); Institute of Applied and Computational Mathematics (IACM), Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas (FORTH), IACM/FORTH, GR-71110 Heraklion (Greece); Katsoulakis, Markos A., E-mail: markos@math.umass.edu [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 (United States); Plecháč, Petr, E-mail: plechac@math.udel.edu [Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States)

    2015-08-28

    Using the probabilistic language of conditional expectations, we reformulate the force matching method for coarse-graining of molecular systems as a projection onto spaces of coarse observables. A practical outcome of this probabilistic description is the link of the force matching method with thermodynamic integration. This connection provides a way to systematically construct a local mean force and to optimally approximate the potential of mean force through force matching. We introduce a generalized force matching condition for the local mean force in the sense that allows the approximation of the potential of mean force under both linear and non-linear coarse graining mappings (e.g., reaction coordinates, end-to-end length of chains). Furthermore, we study the equivalence of force matching with relative entropy minimization which we derive for general non-linear coarse graining maps. We present in detail the generalized force matching condition through applications to specific examples in molecular systems.